(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Children's Library | Advanced Microdevices Manuals | Linear Circuits Manuals | Supertex Manuals | Sundry Manuals | Echelon Manuals | RCA Manuals | National Semiconductor Manuals | Hewlett Packard Manuals | Signetics Manuals | Fluke Manuals | Datel Manuals | Intersil Manuals | Zilog Manuals | Maxim Manuals | Dallas Semiconductor Manuals | Temperature Manuals | SGS Manuals | Quantum Electronics Manuals | STDBus Manuals | Texas Instruments Manuals | IBM Microsoft Manuals | Grammar Analysis | Harris Manuals | Arrow Manuals | Monolithic Memories Manuals | Intel Manuals | Fault Tolerance Manuals | Johns Hopkins University Commencement | PHOIBLE Online | International Rectifier Manuals | Rectifiers scrs Triacs Manuals | Standard Microsystems Manuals | Additional Collections | Control PID Fuzzy Logic Manuals | Densitron Manuals | Philips Manuals | The Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly Debates | Linear Technologies Manuals | Cermetek Manuals | Miscellaneous Manuals | Hitachi Manuals | The Video Box | Communication Manuals | Scenix Manuals | Motorola Manuals | Agilent Manuals
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Zhurnal i︠u︡ridicheskago obshchestva pri Imperatorskom s.-peterburgskom ..."

This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 
to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 
to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 
are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other marginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 
publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we have taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 

We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attribution The Google "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 



at jhttp : //books . qooqle . com/ 



>*r> 



•.<>*> 






. 









aU *\ * 



•*>« 









• <K- 



*v» * V 



I * 



r - J- zil r 









erf* *■: 



'• i».i 






* *,, 4 




HARVARD LAW LIBRARY. 



R^vttThr^-jr 'l b , I °\^> 5" 



. 



Digitized by 



Google 



^ 



Digitized by 



Google 



Digitized by 



Google 






HtyPHMl 




DPH 



MMnepaTopcKOM~b MempifpniKoini iHKBepcmrt 

1895 

KHKrA CEflbMA/I 

CEHTJEPL 



— Js3§3*£gr>§*2s=^ 



O-IlETEPBTPrL 
TflnorPA»Ifl DPABHTEJLCTByiOmArO CEHATA. 



Digitized by 



Google 



01"b PEAAKUiM. 

1) ABTopoBt apacioaeMMrB pyKonaceft, peAaKitfji jrpocHTi* oaaooTHTLi 
«cflHMT> ii TieTKHMii hhci>mom^ Tenora, ocofieaao HHGcTpaiinaro, a paseo h i^HTax^ 
i\jui ycTpaaeaiH otEaaa b:b iiOMfcnjeHiH craTba — no nepasdop^HBocTH uo^ep 
PyKoGaea, ney^ootttia n ne^aTaniiD* He BOSBparuatOTca, ho MoryT% 6htb ao.iy< 
nenbi bb pe^aKttfa aBTOpaMB hjih yno.ooMO*ieaaHAiB hmh JiimaHH. IIo KCTeneni! 
roAa, oo jjiirt no^yieaia, pyKonaea, neBaHTua oopaTHo — yaaTroataiOTcfl. 

2) PoHopapt, bi ycTaaOBHRineMCH paaxipi, no,iy*iaeTcj£ bt> pejaiutfji casm 
aBTopaun: aaoropoflHUMt out B&reHflaeTca ao oeotfoMy, Kara^u" paai, saBBjetiii) 
ax^ ci» BuqeTOHf. ao'iTOBuxii pacxojOBt. CiaTBu, nnjiriaevuJi Ceai 3aaBjieaia o 
tiosaarpaftueuia, cwraiOTCJi CeaaiaTHUMH, 

3) CmTBE ae ^gjtkhij npeitLiinaTL mpex* nemimnbtxh Aucmo&b* GraTBH, upo- 
uuuiaiomni &TOrt paaifftpi*, neiaTaiDTCfl no ocotfoMy eorjiameniio e* pe^aKuiefl), 
a npv OTcyTCTBia ocooaro corjameuiu, no ycKOTpifliD pegjaimia. Bci iipmhutms am 
naneaaxaaia CTarBa, r-b ciiyiali ea^ortaocTi^no^ieataTT, cottpam;eaiiiHHcnpaBJieui»» 

4 ) .laa> t »&MJoa|im bh#£tb cBopMnrift pEBtiopi ^xt Tpyjtofi-b, pejaKuifl 
apocaT'B, b% Qtiornxnowb Btarepeei, AocTaiuaTt cboh eo'iaueHui <?& <teyx* zk3€m- 
HUUffMUfr, nvriaeB no buxoa^ ar* bt» cs$Tfc« 

5) Q6l£fiieHUi ne'iaTaiOTCii: ^.tb; nepio^aueeicaxB aajjaniii GejnAamuo, npi 
iBia BsaajfaocTii; XXH bcbxb apoiaxB — no 5 py<S. aa CTpaBmijy h 30 i.. 

crpoKy* <5a paacmiiy o6i>HB + ieHift apa jitypHajrh, BauiiaeTQa no 10 p. cb tbjcjpih, 

6) ucpetftafc ajpcra eootfajaeTea peAaiujia cBoeBpeMenno, ao e-Aa*iH KHara na 
iiOTry;upn neBosMomnocni ;ko ifcaojraHTb 9i?o,c.rb;iyeT'B coo6n^&T£ MicTfloftnoTronoi 
KOHTopli CBoft uonMft a^peCB if uuB'BCTiTTh peAaKujio o nepeMiai a^peea^jra bmcujki 
cJ&AyKHJinx'B BHffFfc ntypaaja; npaqeM^ cJiiayext ofiogaawrb m4cto upemuir< 
»>TTiparur*ni;i iKyjHiaja a €B uaKoro nyMepa BHCUiaXB sypeajra no aoBoary a^pecy# 

llpuMMitnie. flpu HtfpexGji ropoACKturh iiojsuHcjutGflb atypHiu& a% mioropoanae h Hao^opoTt 
lacBtaeroi an 1 p.— trim urpexnjib »e ropo^cKtiri. noj^HiicausoBTi «a itaccaniounHH ptine 
itijf HL HnoropoAHMe h iiMO^oporL BHCbuafiTCfl no J50 k. B^ upo^HJHi oiyTOfntb, iipii nepc 
' K, ^rni,rimn inn saptcii.nu. 

7) Xajiioa lift iiciifuy'ieiile RaKOj'i-.iuilo Kimni xypnaja apeapoBox^aeTca npHKi 
n-b pe^aK^Lio, c^b iipuaveiiieini y,T,ocTOBi,peniM iitaaofl noTronoi KOHTopH e% tobi^ 
*!to anu; ijii, /tUiCTRaTe.iBHO ae 6y,na uo-iyieaa Konropoft. tlo nojiy i J^ 
raitoil awuofifl pe^am^ia B8K6&ie&jlO upeACTaB-uieTi Bt raseTiiyio saene^in^iro r\(*- 
jajcan,, ii.j£ji otch^kh c^b aepBoio Ko^iTOio; ao fiea'B yjtoeTOKtpi>nia irlicTiioii novroBO 
aoHTopu, raseTHaa F>Kcne^an;irt soxawa tfyxen ript*iK.t(.» chochtkch cb ceio nocjfh^- 
aoB> B pe^annia y&QMerwpwtt to^ibko no nojiyqenia ointTa uoci^neA. Ilo 
pacaopnTceniio no^Toitaro nfixoMcnja, ffiSAotiji jiojimnu 6uvb coo6.iqaejfu p<.M.arii;j 
^inaaK-B unnoixc no.iyqeiiiH wAjyioiijefi Knarn sypsua, aaa^e pe^aKitin aefiyi 

b B03HOHU0CTFT y^oMOTBopiiTB ao^n Hciaaa uucfutECdto aoBaro ^itaoMn^irpa 

8) SKijofty na ueaojy^calc .iuctobt, KacrauioHHUii. ptmcifH apaaaHaioica 
ihbib tn> Tpqeniu rtcat^a to a^h aojiyqeaia Tog Kaara «ypaa.ia, n-h ROTopoft ' 
yKaaanii cjiokh G$&m MOTOOT na nonry. 

91 PeAau^iff ne ew»a4^ae» oflpeMenuyK) BMCHaRy Hypnaja a ptmenift 

rfiM-B .TimarB, Kornpuu aoxnHca.iHCB He b-b yKanannwxt B'B ofi'wiBjeniH o ao^nni-Kt 

10) ;i.TiiOTB'IiTOiJTj na Bcanaro poM aaupocu n\ coTpy^HBKOBSH aoAniic^HKo 
b npaAoaeua ao^TOBaa MapKa, 



Digitized by 




Google 



ft- 



JKSPHAJTL 

nwmun mm 



nPH 



KunepaTopcHOMT. Meiqfpm ItoepciiTeTt 

IX)^B JlfiAmklb HATHA 

1895 

KHHTA CEflbMAfl 
CEHT.HEPL 



OrZXETEPBTPFB 
THD >rPA#l« nPABHTEJLOTBFDmirO OIHATA. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Digitized by 



Google 



' '? ■ 



C0AEPJKAH1E CE^MOfl KHHTH. 

L 78aK0H6Hifl h pacnopaaeHia npaBHTejBCTBa . . . dX-CCV. 

n. KojjeriajLHoe Hararo vb MHHHcrepcxofi oprara- 

8an,iB Ilpotf. B. HeanoecKaxo 1 — 28. 

UL Hanoi cboah saccauioHHUX'E pimeHifi A. Fom>- 

deneeusepa 29 — 50. 

IV. 3aniTKH o BpeMeHHHXt npaBEjaxt o bojocthom'l 
cyfli» xMcTByDopnrB kb wbcTHocT&TL, b*b koto- 
pxixx BBe^eHo nojoseme o sen ckhxb yrocTROBHXB 
Ha^ajiLHHKaxt UymuAoea 51 — 85. 

Y. XpoHHsa pyccKaro saKOHOflftTej&CTBa: rpasxaecioe 
npaBO (Biopaa noiOBima 1894 p.). rpasxaHCiifi npon.eccb 
(Biopaa noiOBraa 1894 p.) 86 — 102. 

YX XpoHmsa rpax^ancKaro cy.ua: jpio cHHjHKaTa caxapo- 

aaBOjraooBi ci 0. H. BacKaxoBoft 103 — 133. 

VIL 9kohomh^6CB06 o6o8p4me 134 — 144. 

VIE. KpiTUa I tilftliorpatiii: l) Revoe Politique et 
Parlementaire (Questions politiques, sociales et legis- 
latives). Dir. M. Fournier A. Eauuuucoea; 2) H. B. JLywqdft. 
TpyxH A. *. RHcmoBCxaro vb otiiaciH HCTopia i otimHaro 
npasa B. JP.; 8) A. Bopserao. DpoTecn nepeBOXHaro bbb- 
cexa; 4) S. B. BaoiKOBOXift. Ochobhh6 Bonpoca axBOsar- 
csofi anotH JB. Fpu6oecxa%o; 5) Nowe prawoo lichwie u nas 
obowiazujace. Wyklad dogmatizno-krytisczny i porawnawczy 
przes Franciszka Nowodworskiego, Adwokata Przysieglego B. JT.; 
6) H. B. Jlyroiqdft. Bonpoei oBpecTMHCBofi noseHei&Hoft 
co6ctb6hhocth bo ftpasiMB xo peBOnmifl h npoxazdi Hanjo- 
Bai&BHZb HxymecTBi.— Oiepxe no daoHoiaiecKofi HcropiH sa- 
najHofi Espomi. Pafrraee Haceieme b diOHOioraecBaa iiojh- 
TBsa repmaHCMXi ropoxoBt nXYn XVI b4iaxt> B. Tpw 
6o6cmcho] 7) M i 1 m a n s. Wabrung, Industrie, Minenbetrieb B.; 
8) Von Schraut Die Wfthrungsfrage B.; 9) Ackermann- 
Balisch. Zur Antrag Graf Kanitz B.\ 10) EL n. Apyu- 
hhhv Heo6xojquou iza bcbxi cb$x*hm ooxaran, nonuoi- 
Haxi, coopara h boehcboh noBHHHOCTH B. T.; 11) *ohv- 
Kaywara. rocyxapcneHBue h M-Bcrrae pacxoxH rzaBSBt- 
nmxi eBponetCEBXB CTpaa* no htb HasHaieHunrb B. C; 12) 
3amcaa MOHeTHOin o6pamemH rp. CnepaBcsaro ei Ban4- 
whjjbqi rp. RaHipHBa J3. C. ♦ . . . f 1 ^ 24. 



Digitized by 



Google 



II 

3iHtTii ■ ■aitcTbi. 

IX. Euje fffecKOjLBo cjofl no noBOjty Bonpoca Horapi- 

u.iLHOft npaRTHSH J?. Kpueacato 25 — 33. 

X. A>:epHKaHCM£ HCiipa3iH!ej*3i4a T»pMm . . . .33 — 41. 

XI, Kt> Bonpocy o i#hhocth h npoHcxosflemH npn- 

6uir na KanHTan B. 3oawko*o 41 — 50. 

XIL OOMBJWHi* I, — VI. 

UpuoxeHU. 

Mil. IIpoTosoju sadtaamfi rpasAancKaro OTA&jeHUi 

C t -IIeTep<{yprcKaro IDpHxroecRaro 06m,ecTBa • .1 — 20. 



Kaceau, }>tbweHiji,pa30CAaHHux et inmfb — a6i](cmtb; ipaovd, 3&1894 

io<h 21 — 23 Aucmu u oMfiaeufyh; so, 1895 w&bl — 4 Auqnm ** y*o** 

sa, 1894. tod* 6 — 8 Auam* 14 aqfaevm** 



Digitized by 



Google 



RUM H ntflVlin nPABHTEJIbCTBA 

(cb 1-to mos no 1-e hoax 1895 i.). 
CraTfci 485—821. 
[••«M#nf« noBeafenifl ■ piteiiopfl»eiiifl opaButeiberBa 

2 n* JW 73. 

486. 0&b omHymdmiiu u& cocmpea aammduato uMttm* Cenm- 
Mbihuato Khjua Hukoaoa MumpeAbacato o* cofcmeennoemh oGbiea- 
meAeH Mibcmenna 3y%dudu, Rymauccnoti iy6epniu, ynaanm e* 96 dec. 
800 ne. earn. 3*m*u. 

486. npuceoeniu 6apany d** zupypiunecnuxi 6ojwhwsz omen* 
up*** npu EemiujMHecKQu 6oA**iuun>to C.-ncmep6ypin,HauMeH06aHiji 
no AeHfcmm&weMft Bmchu Eh HMnepamopcKato Bejuunecmea rocy- 
daptmu HMnepampuw* Mapiu deodopoem* 

487. npunnmiu KanumoAa^ nootcepmeoeanHOM namoMcmoennuMU 
nonemutftMu ipaaedaHOMu Ilempowb u CepmeMb rauetuwiUMu eh 
noA%9y MoacoecKato noMMepnecxato ysuAUtya. 

488. pacnpocmpaneHiu BucoHautue potpmumnoA 8 0Kmx6p* 
1894 t. nonemnUMz mmhom* u cmapmmamb HjmepamopcKaM oven- 
ckcuo IlampiomuHecKaw o&utecmea Auomu no Hunonpou9$odcmoy u 
na Aum, cocmoxutuxb yotce nwm na CAyotc6n> no eibdoMcmey smoio 
otwtecmea, — co 6hh onpedfMeni/t na ortyio. 

489. Ofo ynpeotcdemu eh Acmpaxauacoti omencKoii iumho3%u deym 
emunendiA umhhu rAaoHoynpaeAMou§a%o Co6cmeennofo Exo RMtiepa- 
mopcKato BeAunccmea muuejMpieio no yHpeotcdenixM* Rimepampu- 

k. Dpax. otim. xh. tii 1895 r. 8 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ex — 

km Mapiu, TenqpckAh-JIeumeuanma Fpcufia npamaeoea-BaxMfimeea 
u ofo ymeepotcdeniu noAootcenisi o cuxh cmuneudiflXh. 

490. npunsmiu cocmoxu}uan> npu KocmpoMCKOMh EowxeAeucKOMh 
AnacmaciuHOMT* dfheuuhCMh Monacmnpfb cauumapubtxb ynpeotcdeniti nodh 
Aetycmttutuee Hxh HMnepamopcicuxh BeAuvecmeh nmpoeumeAhcmeo. 

491. npuuxtniu KonumaAa, aaetbu^annato donepm dbxsKa Em- 
now Ilempoeoii eh noA%sy Oxmeuctcato dn>mcK<uo npitoma. 

492. Ofo ynpeotcdeniu eh tuxoAn* eh Bom nonueuteu Boaukou En*- 
iuhu Emmepunu MuxauAoenu HMnepamopacato otcenacato Hampio- 
muneacato o&u+ecmsa cmunendiu Extent* noKOunou BeAUKOu Khmuhu. 

498. npuunmiu nanumoAa, nomepmeoeannato edoe<m Ta&nato 
CoetbtnnuKa 3unaudow UoAeotcaeeofo 6ah ynpeotcdenvi cmunendiu eh 
dfbtncKOMb npitomtb npu uepneu Ge. CewyennoMyHennuKa Enuctcona 
Meeodia, eh C -IIemep6ypitb, u ofo ymeepotcdeniu noAootcenin ofooana- 
nennoti cmunendiu. 

494. npunnmiu UempoecKOAo KOMMepnecKcuo ynuAuv+a nodh 
Buconatiutee nonpoeumeAhcmeo Em HMnepamopacato BeAunecmea. 

495. npuHAmiu AAOKcandpoecKato KOMMepnectcato ynuAutt+a 
nodh Bbtcosatiiuee noKpoeumejvbcineo Eio RMnepamqpcKcuo BeAuuecmea. 

496. npunsmiu nanumcua, nootcepmeoeannato nomoMcmeennuMh 
noHemuumh tpaotcdanunoMh UIunaHeeuMh eh noAhay o6u^ecmea none- 
tenia o dnmaxb Aum, cewtoeMuxh eh 0u6uph. 

497. 06h ymeepotcdeniu mo6Auuu mapwfiuuxh nocmanuionnnxb 
pa3cmo#niti flnnaipoecKuoc* npucmaneH Kieeo-Bopoue*ccKO# otceAfb3nou 
dopotu dAH nepeso3Ku ipy3oeb moaoH cnopocmu. 

498. Ofo ucKMoneniu mapuffinuxb pa3cmoxuiti do nepedamo*- 
Hbtx* nyuxmoeh: Baptuaea — nynntm coedunenia ch C-I[emep6ypio- 
BaptuaecKOio oiceAtbsuoto dopoiow u Baptuaea — nynntm coedunenix ch 
HpueucAuncKOfo otC€Afb3now dopowio, noxasanntAXh eh ma6Auun> mapuffi- 
nuxh nocmanuionnuxh pa3cmosniu Bapwaeaco-TepecnoAbcxoii otceAn>3- 
H0& dopotu. 

499. mapujfinuxh nocmanuionnwch pascmoxuvm meotcdy cm. 
Koepoeh I u Eoepoeh Il % Eoepoeh II u Tbcmtoxuno, MocrcoecKO-Huatce- 
lopodcxou otceAfb3nou dopotu. 

4 ilfl Jfi 74. 

500. Ofo ymeepotcdeniu npaeuAh npodaotcu ch ny6AUHuato mepta 
u doAMmuuteu otccnAoamauiu Pmo-TyiacyMCKoii ae&ifUKOt* dopotu. 

501. Ofo ynpeotcdeniu npu C.-IIemep6ypu*OMh eocnumameAh- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CXI — 

HOMb doMfb oGutfcmaa nonenem* ofo yAynxueniu 6uma numoMueei, 
ocxapMMisaejwiorb u eocnumweaeMtAXb #b depeenxxi oicpyweb, pacnoAO- 
&eHW*xb no Auniu BaptuaecKOu oveAnjnou dopotu. 

502. Ofo ymsepotcdeniu npaeuAZ 6ah npiejm e* tocydapcmeen- 
hhu 6aHKb, eio Konmofm u omdrbAeuiR SKmdoeb na ennnoe epeM* 
m ocHoeanki BtACOuaumato noeeAfbnia 25 (fieepaA* 1883 xoda. 

BHeoqafimmrfc noBejfemeMT. 25 <J>eBpajH 1883 r. npejocTaBjeHO 
mhhhctpy <{)HHaHCOFB pa3p4mHTi> rocyjapcTBeHHOMy 6aHKy, ero eoh- 
TopaBn. h OT r fl^jemaMi, npieMx b4hhhxt» BKja^oBt 3a ctotb rocy- 
j^pcTBeHHaro KasHaneficrBa, ex yroaToro ho TaBOBUMi> BRjra^aMi> 4%. 

23 HOff6pfl 1894 r. mhhhctpl ^HHaHCOBX, yrBep^HBt npaBHja 
Sia npietta Biua^OBx Ha BftiHoe BpeMH Ha ocHOBamn npHBejeHHaro 
Bucoiafmaro noBejiima 25 <J>eBpajitf 1883 r., npe^craBHJTB TasoBHH 
m. UpaBHTejiBCTByromifi CeHaro, &K& pacnyfijHKOBaHia. 

YTBepatAeHH Mhhhctpobtb $HHaH€0» 28 Hoatfpa 1894 roja. 

nPABMJTA 

&W IIPIEMA BKIAflOB'L HA BiTOOE BPEMJI HA OCHOBA- 
HIH BUOOHAainATO nOBMtHIJJ 25 $EBPAM 1883 FOflA. 

1. KoHTopu h OTjsibiema rocyaapcTBeHHaro 6aHKa npHHHMaDT^ 
HaiHHHiM cymmu bo BBJia^u na B^HHoe BpeMa, sa ctcti rocynap- 
CTBeHHaro Ka3Ha*ieficTBa, ei» yn-iaToro no TaKOBHMt BKjra^aMi 4°/o 
vh rojt, 3a y^epaameMi. c6opa c& floxojOBt ott> AeHesHuxi* Bann- 

TaJOBt. 

2. Bo BKia^H na rrfeqHoe BpeMH npHHHMaiyrca sanHTaju tojibko 
wl py6x«XT>, Cesx KOtfieKb, h iiphtomx He Me^ke 50 py6. 

3. BKja^u Ha BireHoe BpeMH npHHHMaroTCH Kain> on* qacTHuxt 
Jimx, TasrB h on> MOHacrupefi, ijepKBefi, seMCSHXi, o6in;ecTBeHHHX'B h 
^acTHuxT> yipesaemft. 

4. HpH B3H0ci KanHTaja na BiiHoe BpeMH, BRiaflmnct oteaHt 
ofturaHTb, KOMy h H8i> KaKoro yqpesAemH rocynapcrBeHHaro 6amta 
Aojxhh 6mh BitfaBaeMU npoijeHTH, a cBepxt Toro, ecm aejaen* 
xpn> hmt» onpe^hjeHoe Ha3Haqeme, yicaaaTB, Ha KaKoft npe^Men, npo- 
aeHTu aojshh 6htb ynoTpeCwwieMH. YcjobIh cjkmkhhh, hjh Boo6nje 
Tasin, KoropHH Moryn, saTpy^HHTB HcnojHeHie bojh BKJra#TOKa, He 
AonycicaDTca. 

5. OocTaHOBjennua BEja^mtoMt ycjroBin co6jrro,a;aH)TCH bt> toi- 
hocth h He Moryrr. 6htb hh H3M*feHaeMH, hh otm^hhomu, ecra Bua,n;- 

8* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cxn — 

tokx He ocTaBHXB da go6ok) npaBa BnocjrfcjcTBui b8m£bhtb hjh ot- 
MiHHTB ohjhu ^ia HpeaynpeaAema BcaKaro Heaopasyar&Hia fl 3tomi> 
oTHomeHiH, BKaaflrawb kb no.a^BaeMOM'L hmt> o&baBsemu aojs6hx 
HeupeirhHHO saaBHTB — ocraBjaen* m owb sa co6od npaso Ha HBirfe- 
Heme hjth orar&Hy nocraHOBjeHHHXT* hm*b npn BKiafli ycaoBifi. 

6. SoHTopa hjh oTfliureHie rocyaapcTBeHHaro fiamca, npnaaFt 
b&uhhA Euaff*, BH^aiOT'fc bi npHmmH OHaro KBHraHnuo. B% ceft 

KBHTaHU^H flOJJKHO 6UTi. OSHaTOHO: a) H9TB RaSOrO HM6HH0 6aHKOBaro 

y^peawHia, Korja h 3a EaKHM'B Jfe OHoe Bu^aoo; 6) BBanie h hmh 
BKiaA^HEa; b) paaarfcp'B BaeceHHaro KacnTaja (npomacLio h impawn); 
r) aeH* BSHoca KanHTajia; a) bi. toieb cjiy w&, ecra BKJua^^HBB m>»e- 
jaerB, to h ycxoBia, nocraHOBieHHUA Bwajpnsmwh oTHoenraiBHo 
Toro, KasoBfy HMeHHO nacTHOMy JiHijy, jua se MOHacrupE> t nepBBH, 
seHCROMy, o6mecTBaHHOMy, hjih ^acTHony yqpes^eHuo aojukhh 6htb 
BU^aBaeMU npon,eHTM Ha Bua^ ct> ofaacaeHieicB,, ecia TasoBoe 
c^kiaHo BKJa.nHHKOM'B, Ha KaKofi npe^uerB npon,eHTLi era aojshh 
6utl ynoTpefaaeMH: e) cexpaHHJTB m dKjaATOKT» sa co6oro npaBO 

H3M4HHTL MH OTM&HHTB 03Hai6HHHa yCJTOBia H S) H31> BaROfi HMGHHO 

soHTopu hjth OTflijeHui rocyaapcrBeHHaro tiaraa jpjj&hh 6htb BH^a- 
BaeMLi npon,eHTH Ha BRiaffB. ($opiia EBHTamuH yTBepsflaeTca mhhh- 

CTpOM'fc ^HHaHCOB^. 

7. Soma ch sBRTawifi, BHjtaHHHxt m% kohtopu tun* 0T#fcje- 
ma rocyj^pcraeHHaro (JaHKa, npe^craBJHRMPca bt> rocyjapcnMiiyi) 
sqmmbcuo norameHLa aoaroB'B. Oepeaara era npoHaBOj^arrca He hosahIw 

MiCJIHa CO AHfl BHflara KBHTamflH. BtpHOCTB Ka»flOft KOniH fifiXBBB 

6ttTt saeBH^xe^CTBOBaAa ycraHOBjeHHHiiB nopfl^Boank btb KOHTopaxT, 
.HHpeKTopoM'L h GyxrajrepoirB, a bt> OTtf&xeHiaxB ynpaBXff©nmin» h 

KOHTpOJepOftTL 3a CKptnOK) BSWl&B&WUZh XfLUfr. 

8* FocyAapeTBeHHaa bommhcib noramema AotroBi* saHOCHTt Has- . 
.pifi BKja^t, Ha KOTopufl BH^aHa KJBHTaHii,iH, b'b rocy^apcTBeHHyi) 
AOJtroByi) BHHry oco6oh> CTaTBeD bt> noofffcflOBajrejBHOirb,. ho Bpe- 
M6HH 3aHeeeHUE bt> cubo KHHry, nopa^Ki HyMepoB-B. Bob ceS CTaTLi 
npoHHCUBaiDTca bc4 t6 cb^^hls, KOTopua no § 6 era* opaBHJii 

AOJSHU SaMlDHaTBCH BT> KBHTaH^H. 

9. Ha BRja#B, BneeeHHufi TasHM* o^pasoan, b% roeyjapcTBefl- 
Hy» AOJTOByro KHHry, BU^aercfl 6njierL roeynjapcTBeHHofl KOMMHciH 
noramema ^ojroBi, ci nponncaHieii'L Ha HeMt co^epsaHUtt h J6 co- 
OTjftATCTByromefl eraTbH joiroBofi khhth. Bajen> no^rracHBaerca ynpa- 
BXff»mHia» roeyA&pcTBeHHOK) KOMMHcieH) nQramemH XOITOB'B h oahhbtb 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cxm — 

rat ea AHpeKTopoB'B h CKpfinuerca 6yxrajfTepo«T>,{*opMa6Hj[eTOB r b 
Ha BiiHfcte bkjhuh yTBepatjaercH mhhhctpoitb ^HHaHCOBi). 

10. HsroTOBjeHHue rocyaapcTBemoH) KOMMncieio noramema aoi- 
roBi, (rajeru Ha Birane bkje^u nepejaDTca bt> no^esamyK) roh- 
K>py hjh oTX&ieme rocyaapcrBeHHaro tianica, soTopii* pacnopasaD*- 
tch BH^a^e» ohhtl no npHHa^JiesHOGTH m> o6m4bti> Ha cooTBinv 
CTByrom,ia hbtb KBHTaHnin. 

11. EHjreTH Ha KanHTajH, BHeceHHue Ha B*TOoe BpeMa, He Moryra 
fiHTB hh orryaaaeirH, hh saiuia.nHBaeMH. 

12. IIpoueHTM no 6HJieTair& rocy^apcTBGHHofi kommhcih norame- 
hu ^ojrom Ha BiiHHe BKja^H BHjarorea sa HcreKinia noayro,nia, 
co cpoKOB'L 1 Maa h 1 Hoa6pa. Ha npoi^eHni, He Bsarae cBoespeMeHHO, 
hi Kh KEBOirB cjiyna* npoijeHTOBt He ynaaraBaeTca. 

13. OponeHTH ynja^HBaroTca tojlko hst» Toro CaHKoaarojrapeamema, 
KOTopoe yxasaHO btb TeEcri 6aieTa h Tony hhohho Jimjy mh ynpe- 
z^eHii>, KOTopoe HasBaHO vh (rajeri b-b Ka^ecTirfe nojynaTeM npo- 
i^eHTOBi>, hjih ate Jim^y, cHa6seHH0My on eero nojyHaTexa saBOH- 
Btatb Ha iiojy^eHie omjxx nojHOMO<riein>. 

14. Rxa uorpienin npoi^eHTOBi HaftjesHra npe^cTaBHTb bt» to 
6aHKOBoe yqpea^eme, H3i> Koero Bu^ana ohhxx nasHa^eHa, no&niH- 
Hiift 6Hjen>. IIpH BH^aqft npon,eHTOBi» sa Kaayprt Heresmift cpoKt 
(iaHKOBoe y^peajeme HaKja^UBaen> Ha 6Hjerfe cboA nrreMnejtB Ha 
irtcrfc, osHa^eHHOBTB Aaa cero Ha tfMerfc oco6hmh KpyaoaMH c* na^- 
Hcaim 1 Has 1895 roaa, 1 Hoa6pa 1895 ro^a h t. a. flo 1 Hoatfpa 
1930 ro.ua, t. e. Ha 72 muryroflia, no Hcreqemn kohtb mrfcrora 6htb 
BH^aHur, m> o6ukwb Ha cTapae, HOBtie 6njieTH ci EpyaKaMH Ha ort^y- 
Diiqfi nepiojt. Ho H&ioatemH osnaieHHaro nrreMneja 6wierrb Bosspa- 
njaerca nojy^iarano npcmeHTOBt. 

15. KoHTopu h oTfltaeHifl rocyflapcTBOHHaro tiaraa B&hwb npo- 
HSBeAOHHHirB hhh Bnna^aMt npon ( eHTOB'B no 6uerairb Ha BiraHe 
B&iaxu BQAyn> oco6aa b$,h;omocth no <|k>pm4, npHHarofi no corja- 
mem» rocyAapcrBeHHaro tiaraa cb rocyjapcTBeHHOK) KOMMHcieio no- 
r&mem* joaroB*, h BiwoMOcrn cin nepe^aioTi Herape pa3a b% ro#b, 
sa Basque 3 HCTeramxt Micaija, vb HasBaHHyD komuhcIk), xoropaa, 
nOH^pHBTB cia b^omocth cl HMiiomHMHca y HOfl Bi^HMXt BKJia- 
Aaxt gaHHHMH, npoBo^TTb osHaneHHue naaTesH no cbohm-l cieTawn*. 

16. TaKi> KaiPB Te^eme npoi^eHTOBi* no Bi^HOBiy BMa^y Ha- 
raHaeTca co ^hh ero BBnoca bt» KOHTopy hjto oi^fejieHie rocyaap- 
CTBesHaro 6aHKa, a ^ohb cefl Moaeera He coBna^aTB cb o6h^hmh &JW 



Digitized by 



Google 



_ cxiv — 

B&kvb BKiaAOBi cpoKaMH DjaTea^i upoi^eHTOFL 1 itaa h 1 Hoa6paS 
to npn KBHTaHuin Ha npHHaTufi B&iaAi> BHflaeTca B&taAiHKy synoHi* 
ci> osHanemeBrb Ha ohomi», KaKoe kojehtoctbo npoijeHTOBi ^oj»ho 6utb 
bua^ho BKjaA^HRy go AHa Biua^a in> nepaufi cj3u,yK>iE(ifi 3a chmi> 
AHeMt o6mift cpoKi> njaTesa. Kynora ceft, no ero onjiarfe, 0Tpfc3H- 
Baerca GaHKOBHKb yqpea^eHieMt oro> KBHrnHi^in h BHCHiaerca bt» 
rocyAapcTBeHHy» kommhcIi) noramema aojiroBt bx KaiecrBi; onpaB- 
AaTe^bHaro joKyiieHTa. 

17. EklH BKJaAIHKB, OCTaBHBfflifl 3a C060t HpaBO H3MiHHTb HJH 
OTMiHHTb H0CTaH0B16HHUa HlTb yCJOBia OTHOCHTCJbHO nojbsoBaHia 

npou,eHTaMB Ha ero B&HWb, noaKaiaen» BocnoibsoaaTbca chmi upa- 

BOMt, TO OHT, JifiAS&GWh HOflaTb C6M*b HGpe3T> HOCpejCTBO KaCCbl, H3T> 

Koefi oHt nojiynaera npoijeHTH, o6i>aBjeHie bt> rocyjapcrBeHHyio kom- 
HHciD noramema aojtobt> cb npH JoateHieMt noAJMHHaro oHaeTa. IIoa- 
nncb Ha ofo>aBieHiH wAxm 6utl sacBHflijjibCTBOBaHa aaKOHOMt ycTa- 
HOBjeHHUMt nopaAKoarfe. Ecjh BHOBb nocTaHOBjemraa ycjOBia 6yAyn> 
yAOBJieTBoparb Tpe6oBamain>, HBjroseHHUM'b bt» §§ 4 h 5 cuxt npa- 
mx%, to rocyAapcTBeHHaa kommhclh noramema AOJiroBt, yHH^ToacHBi, 

CTapufi 6HJIGTB, BUAaeTB BKJiaAHHKy HOBU& CO BHOBb UOCTaHOBJieHHHMH 

ycjOBiaMH. 

18* Ecjh ihijo hjth yqpes^enie, KOTopoaiy, no ycjroBiaM* Biua^a, 
AOj»hh 6htb BU^aBaeMU npoijeHTH, noae-iawn* bm4cto osHanenaro 
Bt 6u«rft 6aHKOBaro yqpesAenia nojyqaTb npon,eHTH h3t» apyraro 
TasoBaro se yqpea^ema, to noAaerrb o ceirb ofoaweme, no<JK>pM&, 
ynaaaHHod bt» § 17, m> rocyAapcrseHHyio bommhcuo noramema ao£~ 
roBi», ct> npH^osemeH'B canaro finjiera, no yHHHToatemH Koero koh- 
MHcia bua&otl hobhA 6ea&tl Ch yKasameMt Bt ohoih Ha BHOBb 
H36paHHoe jyui bha&ih npon,eirroBT. 6amsoBoe yipesAeme. 

19. Ilpn nepexoA* npaBa Ha nojiyqeme upoueHTOBi, no BKia^y 
on o^Horo J»ma hjth yqpeatAema k% ApyroMy, corjacHO ycjoBuo, no- 
cTaHOBjeHHOMy BKja^HKOMi* hjih no 3asoHy, hjh se no cyAe6H0My 
ptmemH), jihijo hjh yqpesAeme, npio6piBmee osHaieHHoe npaBO, 3a- 
aBJiaerb o ceMi> rocyAapcrBeHHod kommhcjh noramema Ao^roBb ci> 
npeACTaBjeHieMt 6nxera h AOKyMeHTOBi, yAocroBtpaion^HX'b noiiaHy- 
Toe npaBO. Ecjih AOEyMeHTU ciH 6y,nyi w b y^oBJieTBopaTb BciMiTpedo- 
Barnaul saKOHa, to, B3aMiHT>JnpeaHaro 6njeTa, Bu^aerca hobuS ct> 

COOTBiTCTBeflHUM-L 06CT0aT6JIbCTBaM*b A'kia HBM^HeHieM'b. Ecjh 6h Bl> 

cjy^iaaxi>, bt> cem § yKasaHHbnrb, BOSHHBia HaAO^HOGTb pa3^po6HTb 
6H4en>, to Apofijieme Moacerb 6uTb Aouyu^eHo AMiih ci orpaHHqe- 



Digitized by 



Google 



_ cxv — 

Hiera, yto6u Bansrark uaxAaro OTA&iBHaro 6ajeTa 6uxh He Minee 
iuiTHAecJiTH pyfaefi. 

20. Bt> cjyqaax'L yTpam, noxumeHia hjh yHHTroacema 6iueTa 
Ha samrraJTB, HHeceHHufi Ha ttbiHoe Bpeiifl, iaaA r kieij,i> ohuxt> hjh 
jhiio, yxasaHHoe bi § 19 chxt> npaBHJT>, KaKt BCTynattiqifi bi npasa 
wa^tjLua, MoserL, nopaAKOiii bt> 8 17 yKasaHHHMt, npeACTaBHTh 
qpesb nocpexcTBo noAJexaui,eft xaccu bi rocy^apcTBeHHyiD kommhcIr) 
norameHia AO-iroirt o6tJi&ieHie ofo 03Ha?eHHHX r b yTpart, noxHiu,eHiR 
hjih yHHTroateHin. llojyqnBi> ofrBABjeme, rocyAapcTBeHHaa kommhcui 
norameHiH aojtobi> HeiteA-ieHHo coo6m,aerb noAjesauieii Kaccfe o 
apeBpau^eHiH iuaTesa no o3HaqeHHony bt> saaBjeHin 6Hiery h, no- 
jyqHBT> otl Toft ace Kaccu CBiAiHia o tomt>, sa xaBofi cpoxi> ynaa- 
tohu <5*uh e» n* noc^*AHifl past npoijeHTH no TOMy tfMery, BHAa- 
en> npocnreji) hobu3 6njien> sa ApyrHMi* HyifepoMi ct> cpoicaitH, 
Ha^HHaa ort nepBaro cjrfeAyroiu,aro 3a nocj&AHe oaiaqeHHum. 

21. Bo Bcixt ysasaHHUXi b* §§ 17, 18, 19 h 20 chxi npaBH^i 
oiyqajxt sairbHa oahrxx 6hj6tobii ApyrHMH, rocyaapcTBeHHaa bom- 
HHciff norameHta Aoaroin> A*kiaerc> no rocyAapcrBeHHofl aojtobo* RUHrfe 
TpaHc<J>epTU KanHTajOBi> h3t> crapuxx 6hj6tobt> bt> hobiio. 

22. B% BH^axT> Hsrwrria hst» o6pam,eHia 6n.ieTOBT> Ha BiwHue 
BuaAU, BuaywfiHRUTh rocyAapcTBeHHmn> 6aHKOMi>, ero BOHTopaim 
h orjtfuieHuiMH ao HBA&HiH Hacroamnxi* npaBHXb, cm 6aHKOBHA yqpe- 
sabhih, no iiipi npeffwiBJieHia hmi chx*l 6hj6tob , b a*<h bunmi no 

OHHITL HpOI^eHTOBT>, 8aMiH^H)TT> HXt KBHTamtfjIMH CT> OAHHMT, Ry- 

noHoirB, no Koeny npoi^eHTU HCTOCJarorca co aha, no KOTopofl npo- 
i^ohtu Ha BKia^i BHAaHH no HCTeKmeMy xynoHy on sawfeHeHHaro 
6aieTa, ao toih> 1 Has hjih 1 Hoa6p#, KOTopoe Htrfcera HacTyaHTt 
nocji osHaieHHaro ahh. Bt» oTHomemH KBHTaHujn, BUAasaeMofi bt» 
o6vbwb Ha 6hjotb TocyAapcTBeHHaro BaHKa, ero kohtoph hjh ota*- 
jeHia h AaiBH^finmxx A*ficTBifl no BunycKy Ha BKJaAT* 6aiera rocy- 
AapcTBeHHOD BOMMHciei) norameHiff aojttob-l codnoAaeTca tott> ate 
nopHAOKi>, KOTopufi HacToamHMH npaBHJaMH ycTaHOBjem. jyin BUAaqn 

KBHTaHIUfl Ha BHOCHMMe BT> 6aHKOBHH yCTaHOBJeHW B^HHUe BKJiaAU 

■ AajBHMnniXT> no HacTomn;efi onepan,iH MipoupiflTifi. 

503. O&b ymeepotcdeHiu nyaeuxb cnAaea dpoei u opeaew, po3cunbio 
no p. Ilatufb u enadaKnyuM* &> nee ptinaM-b u pibHxaMb. 

504. 06^ ymeepotcdeniu ma6jiuuu maputftiuzh nocmatmioHHH&b 
pcucmoAHiii radavcKaio, Jle6eduHCKato u AxmttpcKaw nod%n>3dHuxi 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CXYI — 

nymeu Kb XaptKoeo-HuKQAoeecKoti ome^tbSHou dopam djw nepeeomu 
naccaotcupoffh, 6a%aotca u tpyaoet SoAbtuoti u moaoH cxopocmu. 

5 Maa Jfe 75. 

505. »pio6pn>meHiu &> tcamy, usi cocmaea sanoetbdnato uMtb- 
hIm n c&io HmnoecKoe* Know BaptuaeoKato ipa$a HacKeeuHa-dpu- 
6ancnaw t ycadbCu JJ(jeM6jMHb % pacnoAooiceHHO& ua acttAanadtb Hean- 
vopodcmu Kptbnocmu et J[w6jwhckq& tyCepniu. 

506. 06b ycmpoucmetb xocydapcmeeHHOu kqmmucxu notatue- 
h%h doMom u ofo ymsepotcdeniu pocnucam* doAotcnocmeu no 03naneH- 

HOU KOMMUCiu. 

1 nr V i;, j K:T ue H HHfl COB-fepB MHIbHieMb nOAOOKMAb: 

I. UpoeKTB pocnscaHifl aojusHocreft no Focy^apcTBeHHoft EommhcIh 
UorameHia Io^tofb noflHecTH rc& BHcoiaimeMy Ero HimepaTopcsaro 
Be-iHtiecTDa yTBepac^eHis) h, no BOcnocjr&joBamH onaro, bb6Cth vb 
#McTBie. 

II. 1 /i, itJHfcHeme h aonojffieme noftiesanpira ysasoHemi nocTa- 
hobhtl: 

1) Bt> I'ociaBft ocyxapcTBOHHofi 0MHEcin oratneHifl ojrroBico- 
cTOflrix 0TAf>-iH h Kacca, a npn npaBjemn rommhcIh — Bamjejapia. 

2) llpo/uieTH B*^OMCTBa KOMMHciH h ea ot^obi cyia>: BeaeHie 
cqeroBT, RctapB onepai^iamb, HsroTOBjeme p.a.wwx'b &jl& ciAth ch- 

("IVVW i «k v r ipCTBOHHarO KpejHTa H COCTaBJOHie OTTOTOBfe KOMMHCiH, 

ue^eHie Ka^^HMi ot^jiobtb, saB^XHBannpEM'b saftnaMn, no CBoefi na- 
i- j ii, rm y;i,a I vcTBeHHofl #oiroBofi ehhth, ci> BaHecemevB bt> Hee bhob* 
liMnyciMi'Muxi. ofixnraijift h HdUKraeHieirB BUKyuieimuYb a npo&B* 
boactbo3it> rpaHC<f>epTOBi>, npieMi> a noBipsa oaia^eHHHTL synoHOBi, 
sememe v.'ktom KynoHairB no BaaAOify saftMy wb ota^jcbhocth, paa- 
accHTHOBaFiie Ha saccn npoijeHTOBi no hm6hhumi> tiueiamb 6e8Ky- 
noiiHFJxi. CyMarL noAie&aiqHX'B safiMOBi h noBipiea npaBHJLHOOTH 
BuniaTu ii[>on;eHTOBT>. 

3) Kannejapia BaBiAHBaerL BH^nmei) nepennGKOS) h akionpons- 

BOAGTBOMT, upaBJema, a paBHO HHCneKTOpCKOE) H XOBaftCTBeHHOI) TO- 

ctj m h. Ii ii cocTaBy KannerapiH npHHa^jeatairB apraBi, sypHaiBHaa, 
BKaeKyropcRaa h rpn(f)Haa nacra. 

4) Kacca npnHHMaerB, xparara h BHflaera ^eHtrn, i$hhocth h 

^OKyMOHTH. 

5) Bk oT^iurarb h sacc£ coctoatb: naBHufi 6yxrajTep f b, rjiaB- 
uu& KOHTpoJiept, rxaBHHft BaccHp^, crapmie h Mja^mie CyxrairepH, 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cxvn — 

KOHTpoiepu h saccnpu ct> noMonjHHKaMH, a paBHo cTOraiie a #py- 

rie TOHOBHHKH HO pOCHHCamK) flOJJKHOCTeft no KOMMHtiH. Bt> KaHD,e- 

japifl cocroflTL: npaBHTejL KaHju,exapin cb HHCLMOBOAHrejuma h hxb 
noMonprasaicH, apxHBapiyct, airaeKyTopt h ipypie tohobhhbh no poc- 
nHcamn. 

6) Kb oTAJuarB, 8aBi^HBaioimiX'B OT^tibHUMB KaTeropujMH sad- 
nora, KOHTpojepu ct> nouon^HsaMH npopipjittTB pafcra cocroflnpuB 
bb ciiTB oiytfkiax'B fiyxrarrepoBB h hxb noMODjyaHKOBi* h Bexyro ca- 
MOcroOTejifcHHa otb 6yxrajiTepcKHXB khhth, Ha ocHOBamH hoajthh- 

HHXB ftOByMOHTOBB. 

7) Pacnpeflijeflrie npeAMOTOBB B^AOMCTBa kommhcui Meat^y otjIi- 
jaire, a TaKse ycraHOBjeme ?ncja jojiaHOCTeft no OHoft, wb npefffe- 
laxi, HasHa^eHHoi pocnncaHieMB (cr. 5) o6m;ei cymiH, npegocTaB- 
jaeTca MHnncTpy <j)HHaHC0BB. 

III. Bb aonoraeme kb cpeaeraaMB, accHrayeMHMB hhh4 Ha co- 
Aepaame rocyjapcrBOHHofi ROMMHcin aoramenifl aojroBB, omycsaTL 
eaerojHo, Ha^HHaa ct> 1 aHBapa 1895 r., no tumbdecMMb uemupe 
mucjtuu mpucma Hemtapnaduamu py6jeft, bb tomb ihcx£ 52.314 p. 
na cojepaanie jnraHaro cocraBa kommhcIh h 2.000 p. Ha xosaficTBeH- 
HHe no oHofl pacxo^H, bhoch OBHa*eHHy» cyvMy bb pacxoflHyio CMfcry 
MHHHcrepcTBa <|>HHaHCOBB, no oco6eHHofi KaHAejiapiK no Kpe^HTHofl 

IV. OrnycTHTb eaHHOBpeMOHHO, b* 1895 r., no toA ae cM-frrt 
(ota. m), ofay mucjmy eoceMhcotm pyfaeft Ha xoaaftcTBeHHue pac- 
xo^h no rocy^apcTBeHHofl kommhcIh norameHin ^ojcpobb. 

V. T&mb H8t cjysampxB bb kommhcIh, Kooopne bt> HacToamee 
Bpeam nojy?a»TB KBaprapHUfl aemrH no ocoCony HasHanemio bt» 
pasnipax^, opeBumftKmHX-L onpeAijeHHHe bb pocnHcamn aojjkho- 
creft no kommhcjb (ot*. I), npoH8BO*HTL TaKOBHa flem>rH Ha cyme- 
CTBjTomeMB ocHOBamn, noKa JHua cin GyayTB coctohtb bb saHHMae- 

MtfXT> HMH HUH* flOJiaHOCTHXB. 

Ero HMnepaTopcBoe BeiErcecTBO BOcnocjiflOBaBinee MHime bt» 
ofimeMB co6pamn rocyaapcTBOHHaro coBfrra 20 4>eBpaja Bucoqafime 

yTBOpAffTb COH3BOJHJTB H HOBejrflJIB HCnOOTHTL. 

507. (kamwAunnoNh npony&m uzb sa tpanuut* oce*>mumtm- 
nwcb 6m Monnoeh annapanum cb npuuadAeoienocmxMu. 

508. pacnpedfbAemu pocxodofo no codepotcaniw HpKymcKOti 
lopodcKoH nQAuyiu. 

509. O&b MMtbHeniu mpadna namsauui n+emtMu 6podstz, ccmm>- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— oxvm — 

HO-nocej*eHHbixi> u cctAAhHo-Kamopotcw*xh y euHoenwrb eh no6n>iaxb u 
dpyiuxb npecmytMeHMX*. 

rocyAapcTBeHHHft coBin, MHtbniem noAootcujii: bi HBMiHemH 478 
CTaTLH ycTaBa o cgiubhuxi> (t. XIV cb. aaK., H3A. 1892 r.) nocTa- 
hobhtb: 

jjOnpe^jieHHOMy CTaTwiMH 437 — 439, 445 h 452 HajsaaaHiio 
n^exLAiH osHaqeHHue bt> chxi cTaTLaxx npecrynHHKH no^BepraroTca: 
ocyac^eHHtie b«b Ch6hph — bt> Tot TiopLMfc, rjifb ohh 6y#yn> aacTHr- 
HyTU o6pameHHUMi> kt> HcnoJHemio npHTOBopoMi, a ocyayjeHHue bh* 
iipeA^OBt Gu6Hpu no pacnpeA^emH nx% TioMeHCKMMt npuKa30Mi> 
o ccujiLHHXt, — bt> o^Hoft hb'b KaTopxHHXi> Tropem* ropo.ua To6ojib- 
eica, Kor.ua ohh nanpaBJUiimyi bx Micro ccujtkh qepesT* ropo^t Tro- 
MeHL, — h &b o^Hofl H3t KaTopatHuxi Tiopein> ocTpoBii CaxajBHa, 
Kor^a ohh HanpaBjjMOTca Ha oSHa^eHHufi ocTpoin> u . 

Ero MmiepaTopcKoe BejH^ecTBO BocnocjiaoBaBinee Mfffeme m> 
o6u^eHi» cofipamH rocyxapcroeHHaro coBfrra 13 Mapra Buconaftme 

yTBep^HTb C0H3B0JHJTB H nOBeXBJTB HCHOJHHTfc. 

510. 06% ycmpoUcmetb 6i ApzauieAbcxoti tytiepniu noMibtqeniu 
3jm nodeqpiaeMwch apccmy. 

rocy^apcTBeHHHft coBirB MHn>nieMb noAOdtcuAV. 

I. UocraHOBjema, coflepaiamuieji bi ct. 124 — 152 ycTaBa o co- 
Aepaamnxca noAi> cTpaaseio, pacupocrpaHHTb Ha ApxaHreju>CKyio ry- 

(fcpfiiK), CT> HffiKeCJffeAyiOMiHMH AOUOJHCnmMH H H3M*EHeilitfMH: 

1) CyMMH, Ha8HaTOHHHa saKOHOMt Ha ycTpoflcTBO noMtmenift A-a^ 
noABepraeMuxt apeery (ycr. cofl. no;^ CTp., ct. 13), nofljieaarb pac- 
xoAOBaHiio no ApxaHrejBCKofi ry6epHiH nopaAKoa^, ycTaHOBJieHHHM'b 
npHMiqaHieMi* 1 bt> CTaTbi 8 osHaqeHHaro ycTaBa(no npoa. 1893 r.), 
nepBoro ^acTtio flonojfleHui 2 kt> craTKB 51 ycTaBa sencRHXx no- 
bhhhoctjix'b (no TOMy ace npofl.) h craTbeio 2 oTfl'kia XVI BHCoiaftme 
yTBepa^eHHaro 1 mn& 1893 r. MHima rocyjapcrBeHHaro coBiTa 
(Co6p. yaaK., ct. 817). 

2) OfiasaHnocTH rytfepHCKHxt h yk'spfiUTb seMCKHxt cofipamft no 
ycrpoficTBy noMimemfi aja noABepraeMHxt apecry BosaaraiOTCH Ha 
ApxaHrejiLCKift ry6epHCKifi pacnopa^HTejbHuft komhtctt., m> sacifla- 
mnxT* KOToparo, no xk&awh cero poaa, ynacTByBOTt, ci> npaBOMt ro- 
joca: npeAciAaTejL apxaHrejfcCKOfi naoraTU yro-ioBHaro h rpaa^aH- 
cxaro cyja, 3aMfiHaeMufi, npH HeB03M0»H0CTH wa Hero npHcyrcTBo- 
Ban* bi> 3aciAaHiH, qjeHOMt naJiaTH, nocTaHOBjreHiein> noetffeflHeft kt> 
Tony na3HaqeflHtiMi>, h ry6epHCKifi npoKypopt hjih ero Touapnint. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— OXIX — 

3) (XtasaHHocTH ybsflflHYb 3eMCBHxi> ynpaBt no ycrpoftcTBy no- 
Mim,eHifi w« no.nBepraeMhixt apecTy Bosjaraixrca Ha y^peKAaeMHe 
bi> sax^oifB yfeai soMHTeTu o noMimeHiaxt &jul noABepraeamxT> 
apecTy no npHTOBopamb MHpoBHXt cy^eft. Komhtcth tin o6pasyK>Tca: 
a) apxaHrejiBCKiS — noA* npeAC&AaTejLCTBOM'b apxaHraitcKaro no.iH- 
iUiiieficTepa, mi> Mficmaro yfcsAHaro ncnpaBHUKa, MHpoBaro cyAtn, 
no Ha3HaH6HiK> apKaHreatcEofi naiaTH yroaoBHaro a rpaatAaHCKaro 
cy^a u apxaHreiBCKaro ropoACKaro roaoBH h 6) nponie KOMirreTH — 
hoa?» npeActAaT6Ji>CTB0Mi> Micraaro yisAHaro ncnpaBHiuca, m-h mh- 
poBaro cyABH no HaaHaqeHiio apxaHratBCKod najaTU yroaoBHaro h 
rpa&AaHCBaro C y Aa h M'tcraaro ropoACKaro crapocTU, saMiaaeaiaro 

BT> neMOpCKOMt KOMHTerfe BOJOCTHMMt CTapUlHHOH} yCTb-D,HJIbMCKOfl 
BOJOCTH. 

II. UpHMiyaHie 1 kt> cTaTti 13 ycraBa o coAepaanyixca uoat> 
crpaseD (no npo#. 1893 r.) AonojranTb yKaaaHiem* Ha Apxaarejib- 
CKyio ry6epmi>. 

III. Llpnui^aHie 2 Kb craTLi 124 ycraBa o coAepaKamnxca uoat» 
crpaateio, a paBHO cTaTBH) 13 upMoacemji m> upHMiHaHiro 4 npn 
craxbi 33 ycraBa ynuroBHaro cyAonpoHSBOACTBa — HCKJiroiHTb. 

Ero HMnepaTopcKoe Be^ranecrBo BOcnociiAOBaBinee MfffcHie bt» 
o6m,ein> co6paHin rocyAapcTBeHHaro coBfea 13 MapTa Buco^afime 

yTBepAHTb COH.HBOJfflJt H nOBejrfUTB HCnOJHHTb. 

511. pacnpedtbMtiiu pacxodoei no codepotcauiio noAuttiu tn> Ce- 
eacmonoAtCKOMz tpadonawAbcmetb. 

512. nibKomopux* mMtbHenixxh &b dtbttcntvyioutuarb nocmauoe- 
Aemnxb o C.-Hemep6yjncKou tunoAtb deawiuuKo&b u o noco6iu un 
ruxdHtA KmepamopcKOMy PyccKOMy mexnuHecKOMy o6vnecnwy na co- 
depotcoHte ceu iukojha. 

513. nopxdKfb ettdamt pyccKuxb nacnopmotn npu6tAmmu,uxb 
ffb 3aKacniucKyiG o6Aacmt noddannntAMb Uepciu, Atfrnnuaixana, By- 
xapt* u Xueta. 

rocyAapcTBeHHufi coBirc. MHtbnieMb noAooicwvb: 

B*b HSM'iHeHie h AouojHeflie noA^eacan^HXt yaaKOHemfi, nocraHo- 

BHTb: 

n £[pH6biBaion^UMi> b-b 3aKacnificKyro o6aslgtl noAAaHHWMi> Ilepcin, 
A^raHHCTaHa, Byxapu u Xhbh paapimaeTCH nojiyiaTt, BsaMiffb Hxt 
Hai^0Haji>Hi4Xi> bhaobi, nacnopTu ajw acuTejbCTBa m nepeisAOBt bx 
HmnepiM, a paBno bo3o6hobjjitl ciu nacnopra, Kant bt> EaHi^ejHpiu 
Haq&u>HHica 3aKacnificKofl oCjucth, Tam> m bi> yupaBjienkxt v^sa- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cxx — 

hhxi> Ha^ajBHHKOB^, no litcry CBoero atffrejBCTBa hjh BpeaieHHaro 
upe6uBaHifl a . 

Ero HiiaepaTopcKoe Bara^ecTBO Bocnocji^OBaBinee MfffcHie wb 
o6mean» coGpamn rocyjapcTBeeHaro coBiiTa, 13 MapTa Buooqafime 
yrsepAHTb cobsbojihjpb h noBaiijn> HcnojHHTB. 

514. 06b ynpeotcdeniu uepKoenttxi npunmoe* ei nthKomopma* 
pyccnuxb noceAemaxi Cupb-fiaptuucKoti oCAoanu. 

515. npedocmaeAmiu Munucmpy (punaHco&b npaea dreamt et 
ycmaeaxb topodcnuxb Kpedumnwck o6mecnm esaujmaw Kpeduma, e% 
nouxh cytnecmeyiorm codpaniu yttOAHOMoueHHuxi, HtbKomopuH usmk- 
Henix npaeuAb o cuxt> codpaHVUPb. 

516. Ofo ycmanoeAeniu o6x3ameAbnato ofandepoAeniH noem. 
rocyflapcTBeHHLifi coBirt MWhuieMb noAOotcuAh: 

I. B% H3MiHeHie h aonoxneme nowesamnxi, cra-reft ycraBa Ta- 
MoaeHHaro (cbo,h. saE., t. VI, hs*. 1892 r.) nocraHOBHTb: 

1) IIpHB03HHft Had, KpoMi *aa KHpnnraaro h MHToraaro, a TaRse 
HHSKOCoprHaro seiesaro, npHBOStuiaro bi 3aKacnificKyjo o&iacTb h 
TypKecTaHCKifl Kpafi, #onycKaeTca ki po3HH<raofi npo^aatHe mane, 
KaKi, pascunaHHiid bi MejKia noMimema b4comi bt> 1 / 4t , 1 / 8 », Vt«, 
Vs, V4, V* $yHTa h 1 <J>yHTL, cl HajroaemeMt Ha oth noMin^ema 
Ka3eHHHXi> 6aHAepoJtefi. 

2) PascHima naa bt> Mejoria noMimema h otfaHaepoieHie nociifl- 
hhxt> npoHSBo^flTCJi cpe#CTBaMH qaeToproBn;6B7>, no^ Ha^sopoirB Has- 
HaqaeMHxti jyui cero tohobi, bi> oco6hxt> pa3cuno*rauxT> noMime- 
maxi, ycrpaHBaeMUxt ot^jlhhmh raeroproBijaMH hjeh coo6m,a srb- 
ceojtbkhmh HaeroproBijaMH, a TaBse b% noMimemaxx npn Tauos- 
kxkt> h jpynncb yqpe»AeHi£xi> MHHHcrepcrBa $HHaHCOBi>, no y<ano- 
Tpimi) MHHHcrpa (jnraaHcoB'b. 

npuMtbHanie. HaeToproBijH, npoHSBojunqie paacHnity h o6aH£epo- 
seme nwwh wb KOJuraecrB*, npeBinnaromeMt 1.200 nyaoBt m ro^t, 
06ii3a.HU ycrpaHBaTL ajm cero oco6ha pascuno^Hua nosrfemeHm. 

3) Henocpe.ncTBeHHoe Hafarofleme sa ofiaHmepojemein* *aa b*b pas- 
cuno^HHxx noMimeHiffxi, nopyqaerca KompojepaMt, no** o6mHMi 
Ha^sopoMi* MicTHMx-B yqpeamemft TaaioaeHHaro BiflOMCTBa, a bt> irk- 
CTHocraxt, v^b h4tt> TaMoaeHHHX?> ynpeafleHift, — ^no^b Ha^opoMt 
^pyraxi y^peajeRift Bi.noMCTBa MHHHcrepcTBa fymhncowb, no 6zh- 
aaftmeMy ysasaHiK) MHHHcrpa <j)HHaHCOBi»« Bi Micraocrffxi, rxb ko- 
jra^ecTBo no^esam.aro odaH^epoiemro naa HesHa^HraiBHO, Henocpe^- 
CTB6HH06 R&6xiDReme 3a o6aH^;epojreHieMi> mosotb 6htb nopyqaeMo 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CIXI — 

JHtaVB, COCTOJUDtHMlr BS Cjy»64 no MHHHCTepCTBJ #HHaHCOB«B, 3a 

ocofoe, onpe^fcwaioe mhhhctpoitb (jraHaHcoBt, BoaHarpaa^eme. 

4) KoffrpojepH (ct. 3) onpe.afrmorrca bt> lfffccrHocraXT,, r^i hm4- 
DTCfl TaMoaeHHua y^peaaeHia, flHpeKTopoMT* ^enapTaMeicra TaMOsteH- 
mm> cfiopoBi B8i> jrant, cjyaam.HX'L btb TanoaeHHOMt b^omctb^, 
a n npo^nxt MieTH0CT^xi> — no corjiameHuo Anpeisxopa HasBaxHaro 
xenapTaiiema ex yqpesAeHiaMH, Bomrt 6y^en nopynem. Hajpopt sa 
otiaHAepojreHieirB laa. KoHTpojepaMi, npoireBOAHTca cojepaame Ha 
CTer* cymrc, nocrynaromnxi* on> npoaaata fianaepojeft (ct. 5), bt> 
paairfep*, onpeaiuiaeiiOBn> mhhhctpom'b <{>HHaHC0BT>, ct> t4mi>, oto6h 
oho He npeBmnajo thcjtih .apyxcora py&ieft bt» ro,n>. 

5) BaH^epojH j&h MexKHxt noMimemfi ct qaeMi> npHroTOBJia- 
»rca m> aKcne^HiuH saroTOBjeHia rocyaapcrBeHHHxx 6yMari> h omy- 
cxaiyrca ma. naeToproBi^eB'B, no TpetioBaHiaMt KOHTpojrepoin> H-rasa- 

IT&HJODmHTL HXT> ?HHOKB (CT. 3), HO ltf)H& OTfc TpeXX flO tt8TH BO- 

nteKt 8a BOJHiift ihctl* corjpacHo Tascfe, yTBepamaeaioft mhhhctpomx 
^HHaHCOBx, no corjamemio ct> rocyflapcTBeflHHMT. KOHTpojepeM'L. 
BaHj,epojra pacxojyixFea no^i onrfeTCTBeHHOCTLE) BHrneynoManyraxx 

AOISHOCTHHXI* JHB.'B. 

6) Haft bx JHQHRaxis Kpoirfe nojrynaeiiaro tocihhmh raijaMH wa 
cofcraeHHaro ynoTpefaeina, BHBycKaerca h3t> TaaiotteHx h cocroa- 
nqcra no^L Hitmen?* laawaeH'b cua^oBt tojlko bt> Mxo.nam.iaca 
no#k npasireiBCTBeHHUirB ROHTpojieMt pascHno^HHa noMimema 
(ct. 2). CpoRH aocraiaeHia am^axoBT, hkb TaMomeHt h CKjaaoKB bt> 
paseuHOTOUff m>wbm$msi yeTaHowaroTca muhhctpobtb ^HHancoB*. 

7) 3a BeAoeTaBieaie ammoBx ct. hbbvl bt> paBCHnoraiia noirfc- 
wfiuix bi> ycTasoBjeHHue cposn (ct. 6) orapaBKrejiH noflBepraiDTca, 
do nocraHOBjeHiflMX BHnycTHBfflHxt nail Tawoaeirb, B3HCKaHiain>, ycra- 

HORieHHHMt B*L CT. 1503 yCT. TaMO». (CBO&aaB^T. VI, H3fl. 1892 r,). 

8) £*b ToproBUxx 3aBe^efliaxi», r^i noctraTexjorL noaaerca sa 
njary ropjmft *raft, paspimaeTca hm*tl BrfecmiLKO bcbputuxx moj- 
kktb noMtfememft c% qaeMi> paaoreauxx pa8nip©K&, ho ct> Tkwh, 
hto6s o6nqfl b4ct> ^aa bi» bckphthxt* noMrfcmemax'B ho npeBLunajn, 

TpeXX ^yHTOB'B. Bt OCTaJTBfHXX TOprODUTB 3aB€AOHi^X'B, BX EOHXT> 

npoHSBO^HTea ToproBJia naexx, hm4tb BCKpirraa noMim;eHia cb naeMx 
BocHpen^aeT&ff. 

9) Bt ciynai ofiHapyaema Bt ToproBiix* saroe.neHwx'L, bx Konxt 
npoiRBOAHTca ToproBja ^aeM^, HOM*n^eHift ct ^aew* 6e3t ycraHOB- 
ie&Hofi 6aH,nepojfH h jh xora h cHa6seHHH7B fifamepoiaifli, ho BCBpu- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— Cxxn — 

thxt,, cb oTcryMeHieM'K on npaBHjra, nocTaHoaieHHaro m ct. 8, 
coflepacamifica b% tekhxi> noBTBineniflxt qafl npnsHaerca Ta&Ho npo- 
lieaeHnuMt h bhhobhhc no#BepraiDTca, ccepxt KOHcJwcKaijiH qafl, bsh- 
CRamro nATHRpaTHofi sa oHufi nonuiHHH. 

10) MHHHcrpy <j)HHaHCOBT> npejocraaiaeTca: a) HS^aBaTB, cb Haj- 
jfeatamHMT, o tomi> onyftiHROBaHiem,, npaBoia ofa> o6aHj,epojreHiH 
m6J!khxt> noirbmeHifi ct. laearB h o nopaaKB kohtpojui HajfB nepe- 
R03EOK) bt> paacunoiHua noM^ineHia an^HROB?, cb HaeMt, npHBosn- 
Muwh jtB,K% qepes'B EaponeflCKyio rpaHHnj, TaRi> h qepeax HpRyr- 
cKyro TaMOSHD u tsmoxgeruz yqpesxema vl CeMBraajaTHHCKOMt Ta- 
MoaceHnoirB ospyrt h MHHycHHCici, h 6) onpe/rfcxaTr, rojottcctbo no- 
jcocobtb bt. jracrf. fiaHflepojiefi (ct. 5), ci rfeirb, tto6h qaaio nojo- 

CORT. Bt JIHCTaXT* flia ORjefiRH <|>yHTOBHX , B nOMiujeHifi CB ?aeifB 6HJO 

He Mewke mecTHajwaTH h, nocTeneHHo yBeiHiHBaacs bt> jmcraxt, 
npeAHasHaqeHHUXT> wa ORjeftRH jpyrHXt noMimemft, aoxojhjo no 
Meraneft nipt *o mecTHjeciiTH qeTupext &ia canuxi* MejRHXi> hst» 

HHX1>. 

IL Okitbh 1536 h 1601 ycr. TaMoa. (cboa. saR.,T. VI, raj. 1892 

TOfifi) OTOTBHHTB. 

IE. CyMMH, nocrynaromia ora npo^aaa .ihctob'b 6aH,n;epojrefi 
(ota. I, ct. 5), npfraHcraifc r-b cneijiajLHHMi cpejCTBairb MHHacrep- 
ctbs (}>HHaHCOBT>, no AenapTaMOHry TaiioxeHHiix'B c6opoBT>, mn no- 
Eptrria pacxo^OBT. no HsroTOBienii) h pasciuncli 6aHj[epojed, no ynjart 
BOSHarpaamenia ann;aMi», rohitb nopyqeffL rohtpojb sa otfaHflepoje- 
nieifB, a Taxse no ycTpoficrey h co^epaaHii) KaseHBruxt paacunoH- 
hhxt> noMin^eHifl, ex tbitb, tto6h otipasyromieca otb chxt. cyiurB 
ocraTRH oCpamajraci* no HcreqemH ro.ua bt. aoxoflt RasHH. 

IV. B% AonojHenie iuraBH XIII ycr. o HaR., Hajr. imp. cya;. (cbo*. 
itaR., t. XV, raj. 1885 r.), nocraHOBHTL: 

1) 3a xpaHeme bt> ToproBux* aaBeaeHiax'B, blxh bx HcroproBHX'B, 
no corjiamemK) cb ToproBD;aMH, uo^ijLHaro naa, a TaRse cxoahuxx 
cb qaearB no BfffenraeMy BHfly blih saiiinajoB^HX'B ero npo^yKTOBT? 
(RaBTB Hanp. jracn>eBt RaBRascRofi 6pycnnRH h t. a), bx ynaROBRi 
ynoTpe6jua[eMofl w Hacroan^aro naa, hjh cb araReTaMH TaROBaro, — 
BHHOBHue, csepx-B oTofipaHia y hexx HafiAeHHUxi> npo^yRTOBB, no^- 
BepraioTca apecry He CBinne TpexB whcaufihi* mm ^HesHOMy bbh 
cRaHi» He CBume Tpexcon> pyfijeft. 

2) 3a npo^aay saB^OMO noM*JBHaro naa, a Taicace noHMeno- 

BaHHUXt Bl CT. 1 npOayRTOBT>, npH Hajfl^HOCTH yRasaHHHX% B*BT0ft 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cxxin — 

Ze CTaTLf, CnOCO<X)B7> VDaKOBKH, BHHOBHUe, CBepxi> OT06phE\H y HHXT, 

Hafi^HHuxT> npoAyKTOBt, no^BepraioTCH HaKa3aHiffMi> Ha ocHOBamH 
CTareft 173 — 176 h 181 ycT. o HaK., HaJi. MHp. cya. 

V. 0x3,4 JH I — in HacToamaro ysaROHeHia BBecTHB* #feficrBieBo 
Bctxt MicTHocraxt £BponeficKoft PocciH, Kb KaBsascKOMi, Kpai h 
TypsecraHCROifB reHepaji>-ry6epHaTopcTB4, a Taraee vb AkmojehckoA, 
CenHnajraTHHCKofi, CeMHpi^eHCKofl, YpajLCKoti h Typraficsoi o6jra- 
cmxt*, bi Toft nocreneHHOCTH, K<m>paa flymen* ycTaHOBieHa mhhh- 
ctpom% t^HHaHCOB-t, ct t4mt>, otoGh o cpoKb BBeaeHia OHaro m> 

OTftLlLHllX'B MftCTHOCTOTb MHHHCTp'B (J)HHaHCOBT> npeflCTaBJULTB Ra»- 

ah* pa3i> HpaBHTejiBCTByDmeMy GeHaTy, w pacny6jHK0BaHui bo 
Bceo6mee CBiyjiflie, h ito6h saKOHt ceft BCTyniurB'B'L CHjy bo Bcfext 
Bumeo8Ha^6HHiix'B wbcTHOCTflTB He noose 1 aHBapfl 1896 ro.ua. 

VI. DpeAOcraBHTL MHHHCTpy <{>HHaHCOKB, no BHacHeHin Bonpoca o 
Heo6xoxBuocTH pacnpocrpaHeHia oTfl. I — in Hacmamaro ysasoHemA 
Ha npo^ia, KpoMi ynoiurayTHXfc wb ota. V, m4cthocth HanepiH, boS- 
th ct oco6umt» no ceMy npe^Mery npe^craBjeHieMt, ycTaHOBjemHin* 

DOfWIAKOll'B. 

Ero HainepaTopcBoe BejiircecTBO BocnocjiflOBaBinee MHime di> 
o6m,eirL cotipamn rocyAapcTBeiraaro coBfrra, 20 Mapra Bucoiaftme 

yTBep^HTb C0H3B0JHJ'L H nOBeifeBl HCDOJIHHTL. 

517. Ofo \u3MtbHeniu cMfafce6nbun npaeb no doAOfcuocmu npe3u- 
deuma tcpoda Jlodsu. 

518. 06b ynpeotcdemu eoetMU ceAhacuxz An>He6nuw ez Tomckou 
tyOepniu. 

519. 06b ycmoHoejieHtA tn> noAtsy i. Opta c6qpa cb tpysoe*. 

520. O npeotSpaaotfcmiu Odeccxoti HemttpexKAaccuou npotuMncuiu 
9b wecrnwuaccHUu cocmatrt. 

521. 06b ynpeaicdeHiu ei topodtb C.-IIemep6ypm mpexKAaccnato 
topodctcaw ynuAuvta. 

522. 06b ynpeotcdeniu Mucciu npu etc Ceatntbutuecmetb Harm 

PiiMCKOMb. 

FocyAapcTBeHHHft cob4tb MnnmeMb noAootcwiz: 

I. Bucoqaflme yTBepa^eHHue 4 <J>eBpajHf 1875 r. wthtu 3arpa- 

HHIHHX'b yCTaHOBJOHii MHHHCTepCTBa HHOCTpaHHHX'L fifon* (BTOp. 110 JIB. 

cofip. saK., t. L, J6 64347) aooojhhtb y^peamemean, mhccih npnEro 
CBarbflmecTB'fe Ilairfe Phmckomt> bt» cocraBii MHHHCTpa-pesEmeHra h 
ceKperapa mhccui, npn homi ophcbohtb: MHHHCTpy-pe3Hj;eHTy — IV 
RiaecL no TOHonpoHSBOACTBy, IV pa.3#fejrB no ddehtbid Ha Myn^Hpt h 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CXXIV — 

roflOBoft omw cojepaam* ro w&n&N&Tb THcaro, MeTaunnrecKHX* 
pyfaeft (sa ysaKOHeraHMH BuneTaMH), a ceKperapro— VII &iacc& no 

HHHOnpOH8BOflCTBy, YU paSfUI^'L no mHTBK) Ha MyH£Hpil h ro^OBOft 

oRia^b coflepaama wb Tpn tucoth MeTaxraiecMxi, py6ieft (sa ysa- 
KOHeHHUMH BHTOraMfl) h, KpoM* Toro, oniycKaTL eaercuHO oflHyra- 
cjaray m eraxiHHecEHn, py6jeft Ha Kamjejapcrie pacxo^H bhobl yqpeat- 
aaeiiofi mhccIh. 

DL KorpefiHuft Ha co^epoKame ynoiumyTOfi sthccih (ota. I) eace- 
roAHirfi pacxo^t, bx KoaeraecTBi mecTHa^ATH Tuara* aeTaxnrae- 
ckhxl py&ieft, dphhotl Ha cnen rocyftapcrBeHHaro RasnaneftcTBa h 
bhochtl bt> noflje»amia no,npa8#kieHia pacxoftHoft art™ MHHHcrep- 
craa HHocTpaHHtixB x&jtb. 

HI. PacxoAN, npoH3Be^eHHHe bt» 1894 r. Ha cojepaame nacciH 
npa Ere CB&T&imftCTB£ Ilairfe Phmckowb, Bcero bt> KOJireecTBi ne- 
mt*pHadwinu mtucm* Hem&ip€XC(m^dmdHamu^en\^p^ pyGxeueoch- 
Mudeaimu mecmu mn. Kpe^HTHurB (wh toitb <racxb 9.015 p. 54 k. 
Ha coftepaanie MHCcia h 5.409- p. 32 k. pasHHqu vh Kypci), orae- 

CTH Ha CB060AHU6 OCTaTKH HO §§ 6 H 7 CMtTH MHHHCTOpCVBa HH0- 
CTpaHHHXX M$Th 1894 r. 

Ero HiinepaTopcitoe BeiireecTBO Boeno&rbxoBaBmee iraime vl 
o6meMi> co6paHin rocy^apcraeHHaro coHfera 20 mpra Bfciconafime 

yTBep^HTB COH3BOJHJTB H H0B61&['B HCHOJHHTB. 

528. Haanaseniu omcmaeubiMb HUHoenmeut* nenciu no npefrbu- 

dytyUMb MACWiMb UXb dOAOtCHOCmSMU 

rocyxapcTBeHHHft cob4i*b, MWbuieMb noAOotcujn: 

Pa&McraTB, too, no cracay AificTByrom^xt yaaKOHOHift (cr. 60 
ycT. o neHC, cbo.ii;. 3aK. t. HI, hs^. 1876 r., h ct. 208 ?. 2, kh. VEI, 
cbo#. booh. Deer., H3A. 1889 ro#a), pasirbp^ neHcift nigra, sara- 
MaBinHM'L opn yBOJBHemn bt» OTCTaBKy xojhrhocxh HH3nria, cpaBHH- 

TftlBHO CT, rtMH, Vh ROTTB OHH C0CT0MH HpH BHCJyrt yCTaHOMeH- 

EUYb Aja nojyqema neHciH cpoKOBt, onpe^jweTca no paBpujaMfc 

HeHCiOHHUrL OKJajOfifc, npHCBOeHHMTL CHM!» nOCjrf* ( *HKM r b (BUCfflOMT>) 

AOttBHocwnrB, ecm ynoMHHyvua JHn,a upo6uxB b% hhx'b hjh bi» 

paBHUXT* CB HHMH A&USHOCTftrB H6 Mefffce IIHTR jftTb. 

Ero HMnepaTopcEoe Bainqecwjo Bocnoex&joBaBinee MHime m> 
o6in,eMT> co6pamH rocy^apcTBeHHaro cofffera 20 aiapra Buconafime 
yroep^Brn> cohsbojhjtb h noBai^JTB acuoaHHTL. 

624. 06* yomameAemu npaeuAb HasnaHemfi cmunmdiu menem* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cxxv — 

doawdoei, noAynaeMUXb Cb aaentyMHato omcmaemwb MctiopoMb Ko- 
AuneeuMb umyu&cmea. 

525* 06b yeeAunemu ocnoenaxo tcanumaAa nepeaxo o&u+ecmea 
nodwbsdnuxb oveMbanwc* nyrneH e* Pocciu. 

526. donyu&mu epeMenno na dea tod* OKpyue$*ifi npodxwtcnou 
tybnt* na no3mnuH numb* do noAytcontbuKu. 

527. 06b u3Mn>HeH%u fapMennou odeomduyseHuKoet Xtiptnoecicato 
KOMMepneacato ynuAuvj^a. 

528. 06b ynpeotedeniu npu MockosckoH nparniuHecKoH anadeMtu 
KOMMepneacuarb naym deyst cmtmenditl AetyetntbiHttuxb EMetfb Estb 
HMmpamopcKuxb BeAwtecnm Ibcydap* EMnepamopa Hwkomh AM- 
xcandpoeuna u rocydapttuu EMnepampuuta AAexcandpu OeodopoeUn 
u o6b ymeepoicdemu o cuxi cmunendixxb. 

529. 06b yspeoicdeHiu odnoA noeoU doAo/CHocmu HAettb <n> Boau- 
KOAyuKOMb mpyncnoMb cydn> u ynpasdnemu oduou doxotcnocmu nxena 
sb PeeeAhcnoMb otcpyoicHom cythh. 

530. 06b usMtbumiu ycmaea n Cu6upcKato <pa6puHHO-mopiosaio 
moeapuutecmea AnencvbH Ejepfkutoea u IP.*. 

581. npodAemu cpoKa dAjt co6pauiA ocnoeuato nanumtxAa 9 mo- 
eapuutecmea KaMeunoii faAKu*. 

582* npodaotctb tep6oeiAXb 6yMOiu MapOKb ** eoAOcmutaXB npao- 
A&tixTb Opeu6yptekou %y6epuiu. 

9 «m A* 76. 
588. 06b ywAuneniu oouoenato nMumam n Toeapuu§ecmea Puoto 
ckux* 6yMaoicHHx* MOMy^anmypb eh OmpaadeHHxfhb* . 

584. nepemmAeniu ceAeuiti: Ryp%-Go*fi % IEyMu-CoAf* u Ely- 
AUnduHOu im Hpancnaxo ynada, BnmcKou ty6epniu, eb IfapeeoK- 
matiaciu yn>sdi, Kasancmrii %y6epniu. 

585. 06b o6pa3omniu npu C.~Eernep6yptcKUXb u IfapcttoceA*- 
cxoti QKencKuxb wMnasMKb CAatomeopumeAbnaw KanumaAa no&b nau- 
MenooanieAn: ^Orm c6opa Oaa eibuna na tpofauuy EMnepamopa 
Atexcandpa IE*. 

586. npuceoeniu otcencKou 6otadn>A*fm npu KpeemoeosdeumeH- 
ckou uepneu notocma Jktnoeewb, BAoduMipcKoH enapziu, naUMenoea- 
ms 9 CMemaH*HCK0K* u . 

687* 06b ynpencdemu npu ApxanxeAbcnou dyxoenou ceMunapiu 
cmunendiu EAtenu tn> Eostb nontmuaio Focydapx EMnepamopa Aa*~ 
tcmdpa EI. 

jk. Dpnx. otfm. kh. m 1895 r. 9 



Digitized by 



Google 



•^^Sf^W 



— CXXVI — 

538* nepedastb ApxameAtcKato co6qpa eh Mocxetb ush enap- 
xiaAtHaio eh npudeopnoe ethdoMcmeo. 

539. npuceoeniu co6pannoMy HMnepamopcnum oGu+ecmeoMh 
dxn codtbiicrmix pyccxoMy moptoeoMy Mopexodemey ocodomy KanumoAy 
HCHiMenoeaHM: n KanumaAi umchu Eto HMnepamopcKato BeAuneemea 
rocydapn HMnepamopa Hukoaoa AAexcandpoeuua d*H eudanu no- 
co6i# ynenunaMb tuscmu Mopexodnuxh KAaccoeh eh najwwb deadw- 
muAwmi* o6utecmea a . 

540. npuceoeniu topody HuKOAoeecxy, Typiaucxou o6Aacmu, 
npeotcnjito naseauix smow noceAeui* — Kycmanau u o nepeuMeuoea- 
niu HuKOAaeecpcato ynada ynoMmymoil o6Aacmu eh XyemanaucKiu 
ynadh. 

541. nepeeodtb yHpeotcdennou npu ynpe^dnemwH KpacnocAO- 
6odacou npotuMH03tu emunendiu eh naMXtnt ceavtewuato Koponoeanin 
eh Bo3fb nonuetuato Focydap* HMnepamopa AACKcandpa HI u ro- 
cydapHHu Rnnepampuau Mapiu Oeodepoeuu eh KpacnocAoCodcKoe 
topodcKoe HemupexKAOCcnoe ynuAuiye. 

542. 06h ynpeotcdeniu npu Opendyptcnou mchckou iumhomu 
deyxh emunendiu Hmchu Eh HMnepamopcKato BeAunecmea Ibeyda- 
ptanu HMnepampuutA Aitexcandpt* Oeodopoevu. 

543. 06h ynpe&cdeuiu npu Heauo-BosueceucKOMh peaAhnoMh ynu- 
AUVLfh emunendiu Hmchu eh Eosn, nonueuiaw rocydapn llMnepamopa 
AAcneandpa III. 

544. 06h yupeotcdeniu npu Odecacou 2 tuMnasin emunendiu 
IjMeuu eh Eom nonuetuato Ejmepamopa AjteKcaudpa HI. 

545. eeedeniu eh dn&cmeie BucoHatkue ymeepotcdeuuuxh no» 
AOOiceuM u uimama HMnepamopcKato Mocnoeacato mexHusecxato 
ynuAUtya. 

546. 06h ynpemdeniu emunendiu Hmchu eh Bom nonuetuato 
rocydapn HMnepamopa AAexcandpa HI npu JlAmuncKou ateencnou 
npoxuMH03iu. 

547. npuceoeniu AAeKcandpoecKOti tuMnaMu CMOAeucnato mm- 
cmea eh t. BxabMtb uMenoeanin: »Bh3cmckox HMnepamopa AAe- 
xcandpa HI lUMHatix CMOAencKato 3eMcmea". 

548. npuceoeniu omKptamoMy eh 1894 tody ehtopodn* Kpacno- 
apcKtb mexnunecKOMy ynuAuu+y Munucmepcmaa nymeii coo6uteui* 
nauMenoeanis: ^Hepeoe Cu6upcxoe mexnuneexoe ofceAn^snodopoofCHoe ynu- 
Auute Hmcuu HMnepamopa Hukoacm Z7 a . 

549. npunnmiu deyxh nanumoAoeh, upedcmaeAennuxh CAyoiea- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CXXYTI — 

w,umu na Jufxwo-PoMeHCKOu otceAfbsnou dopom u eb o6tqecmen> „Kae- 
nazb u Mepnypiu" 6ah ynpeofcdeHM cmuneudiu: uMenu unotcenepa ny- 
me& coo6tyeMA flecmiodarde-BAaMe eb roMtubCKOMi mexnunecKOMb 
oiceM*3Hodopo3iCHOMh ynuAUupb u UMenu euxw-adMupaxa JRaudpa eb 
HuotcexopodcKOMb pftnuoMb ynuAwqtb. 

550. 06b u3MfbHeuiu ycmaea „Toeapuutecmea AbHonpaduAbHoti 
u noAomHJMou* (paCpuKU nacAfbduuKoeb Snoea rpu6amea ctAHoeeU". 

551. 06b omxpumiu 3acn>damu MoAMuatccKato ynadnav) Cbnada 
sntb topoda. 

11 ua J* 77. 

552. 06b ymeepofcdeniu ycmaea ofhqecmea npotaeodctnea nutqe- 
etaxi npodynmoeb. 

553. 06b ynwepofcdeniu ycmaea C.-Hemep6ypicKaio aKuionep- 
uato o6ufecmea nenamnaw dtbAa EsdameAb. 

554. coKpauteniv ycmaea Huofceiopodcxato u UpocAoecKato 
Mmcmuuxb Aoaapemoeb, ycmauoeAeniu BpxHCKato Aa3apema, natch ca- 
MocmoxmeAbHato eoeHm-epaneGnatQ 3aeedenix y u ynpeofcdeniu npu Bpsn- 
ctcoMb apcenoAfb npiejmaio noxox. 

12 Mail N 78. 

555. cpoKtb npedcmaeAeuix Kb BtAConautuuMb natpadaMb Auub, 
CAyotcaw,uxb eb 6x*6iuuxb ynpeotcdenixxb BeAutcou Khxiuhu Ea€hu 
HaeAoeHU 

556. Ho eonpocy o mom, o6x3amt au> na ocnoeaniu 496 cm. 
m. XI h. 2 ycm. cydonp. mqpi. usd. 1893 i. Kpedumopt*, npocue- 
utie o6b ynpeotcdeniu adMunucmpauiu no dtbAaMb doAotcHutca ceoeto 
u ettdaetuie ycmauoeAeunoe 03Ha%eHH0w cmamtefo o6x3ameAbcmeo o 
eueceuiu umu, eb CAynatb o6pautenix odMunucmpauiu eb Konxypcb, eceu 
cyMMtt doAia, npuHumatoufOMCx cb doAotcnuna rocydapcmeeuHOMy 
BanKy* ew noumopaMb uau omdfbAeuixMb, ynAamumt ceepxb esnoca 
na ydoeAemeopeme ceto doAta usb KonnypcHou Macctt noAnocmwo, man- 
oice npoueumt*, napoctuie co dux ynpeofcdeuix adMunucmpauiu no dew 
omnpumix nonnypca uau me doAib smomb nodAeotcumb ydoeAemeo- 
penm auw> eb mou cyMMtb, nanox nucAUAacb no dmo ynpesmdenix 
adMunucmpauiu. 

1895 ro.ua anpiM 13 rem. Ho yicaay Ero HMnepaTopcKaro Be- 
jHHecTBa, IIpaBHTejrBCTByromift CeHan, cjrymajn: npe^jroxeme o6ep^- 
npoKypopa 4 ^enapTasieHTa IIpaBHTejiBCTByroiHiaro CeHaxa cjiAy»- 
maro co^epaaHia: „Mhhhctp?> dcthi^Ih bi> opaepi, on 29 MapTa 

9* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cxxYin — 

1895 rcyja ga ti 11.754, H&ioatKBx, tto hbx HM-fcrongaxca bx mhhk- 

CT€pCTBi JDCTHltfH CBiflliHifi yCMaTpHBa6TC£, *TO BX npaKTHKi BH8H- 

Baerx HetfajOBasHHH coMflima Bonpoex o tomx, o6asmsa *h, Ha 
ocHOBama 496 ct* t. XI h. 2 ycT. cyaonp. Topr. H8#. 1893 p. ape- 
AHTopu, npocHBmie o6x ynpeaexeHm aflMMHHCTpaqiH no flijiaMx aojhk- 
HHfia CBoero h BHAaBmie ycraHOBjesHoe 03HaieHHOD CTaaxei) oti&sa- 
tojelctbo o BHecenra hmh, bx cjiyiai o6pameHLff aAMHHHCTpan,iH BX 
EOHsypcx, Bcefi cyMMH jo-ira, npOTHTarajaroc* ex .no-ratHHBa rocy- 
AapcTBeHHOMy fiamcy, ero EOHropaMX hjth oTflijeHiaMx, yoiaTHib 
CBepxx B8Hoca Ha yaoBJieTBopeHie cero jojira hsx KOHKypcHofl Maccu 
noiHOCTbK), Tarate npoijeHTH, Hapocmie co aha y^peamema a*MHHH- 
CTpan,iH no ache oTBpuTia EOHBypca, hjh ate aojrx stotx no,n*e»HTx 
y^oBJieTBopeHUD jhihl bx Toft cyMMi, sasaa qacjrajacB ko ^hk> y^pe- 
aaeHia a^M HHHCTpai^iH h, npnsnaBaa eflHHoofipasaoe h bho jh4 corjrac- 
Hoe ex saKOHOMt paapimesie cero Bonpoca cymecTBeHHo BaaraHMx, 
nopyiHXL eiay, ©6epx-npoEypopy, npewoamx ohuS Ha o6cys£6Hie 
h saKOHHoe nocraHOBjeme IIpaBHTejfcCTByromaro CeHara*. CMSxhsjo- 
ateHHOMx ex npHJosemeMx AOCTaBjreHHaro bx jonojHeHie ex Bume- 
oaHaqeHHOMy op^epy MHHHCTpa iocthujIh sa tt 11.755 hsx 2-ro ae- 
napTaMeHTa MHHHCTepcTBa wcthiijh, OTHomeHia MHHHCTpa <|>HHaHC0Bx 
MHHHCTpy dcthijih otx 16-ro MapTa 1895 r. sa As 15.346, ohx, o6epx- 
npoEypopx, h npe&iaraeTx Ha otfeyayjeme h saKOHHoe nocTaHOMeHie 
IIpaBaTejBCTBynn^aro CenaTa. Hbx ynoMaHyTaro OTHomema MHHHcrpa 
<}>HHaHCOBx sa it 15.346, ycMaTpfwaerca: „Ha ocHOBamH ct. 496 ycT. 
o Topr. hccoot* t. XI h. 2 m&. 1893 r., ecJrs bx racxfe jDJroBx 
jhu,x, no AftiaMx BOTopuxx HcnpamHBaerca y^peayjeHie ajMHHHCTpa- 
iuh, Sy^erx aoarx O^eccEO* bohtop* rocyaapcTBeHHaro (tamea, bos- 
HHBHiifi jo o6Hapo^OBaHia yeraBa 3*ro amapa 1862 r., to spe^H- 
TOpu, bx ojpn) BpeMfl ex npefleraBjemeMX cbohmx o tomx bx fap- 
seBofi BOMHTerx, .ho-ikhh o6e8ne?Htx bohtop* cnoJHa bck> cyMMy cero 
flojra, 6e8x ?ero h y^pesxesie a^MHHHCTpauiH He ;^08BOJiaeTca; ecjn 
ace Ha ,hojmrhiib4 coctohtl npeTensia caMoro 6aHEa, hjh npo^nxx 
bohtopx h oTtfiuieHifi ero, ne HM•6^)^^ttx HCEJD^RTejBHaro npaBa 
yWBjeTBopeHia, to Bpe.nHropii, HcnpamHBaa a^MHHHCTpaniro, npHCO- 
BosynjaioTx npn tomx tojlko otoaTejBCTBO, bc4mh npocHTejJiira 
no^nHcaHHoe, wo bx <ay i ?a4, sor^a aAMHHHCTpan;ioHHoe ynpaBjeme 
He yenierx bobctbhobhtb Rbii, ^ojratHHBa h ^ojhho 6y^eTX y^rp©- 
AHtb BOHBypcx, ohh HenpeirfaHHO BttecyTX, npn caMOMx y^pes^ettiH 
oHaro, bch) cymiy 6aHBOBaro x^ara. Ilpn pimeHk Bofisypca o ceA 



Digitized by 



Google 



— GXXIX — 

cyufi, xojukho 6uTh npnHimaeifo vb ocHOBame He to yae cocToame 
xbn> AOJSHHKa, b*b KOTopoe ohh npmnjH no otfouiBjemH ero Heco- 
CTOJBrrejLHMm», a npeaHee, vb BoropoirB ohh HaxojBUHCb npn y^pea- 
AemH aAMHHHcrpai^H. CoiuiacHo paa^acHeHii) 4 flenapraMeHra Ilpa- 
BHT&iLCTByDH^aro CeHaTa, vb pftmeHiH 15-ro eeHratipa 1877 r. sa 
Jfe 1.421, no flfciy ToproBaro flOMa „,!,. KapwnHa OHHOBBa" hBml- 
jmcn> cyMMa 6aHBOBaro AOJra, noweaamaa BHecem© BpejHropaMH, 
nojqracaBniHMH npomeiue o6x otephtih aAMHHHCTpaiuH, nocTynaera, 
npH o6pain 1 eHiH ea bt» Eomtypci, bt> totl KOMMepnecsid cyni*, b*b bo- 

TOpOlfB OTKpiJjaCB HeCOCTOHTaiBHOCTL AOJUBHHBa, H H6 BSQAHTO B% 

coeraBx BOHBypcHoft Macca. Bi oiynai aaaBJiemji 6aHKOMt, bt> yora- 

HOBJeHHOBTL DOpa^t, np6T6H3iH Sl» flOJffiHHKy H HpHBHaHUI TaEOBOft 

BOHsypcosfb, no po^y OBoeiiy, noAiesan^ei) yaoMeTBopemD, m% cyiwu 
btoS AOJUteffB 6htl npneyaaeH* EOHBypcoart Ha npereHSuo 6aHsa 
^onojHHTaiLHHfl ahbhaohto, cocTaBja»iD?ft pa3HHn;y Meaay flHBHfleH- 
Aon, npH^HTaD^HMCH no npeTeHBta 6amca hsx EomtypcHofl MacciiH 

AHBH^eHAOHl, HC^HCJTeHHHMt H8*B CyMMH aETHBa H MCCHBa fiflXXr 

HHBa npn yqpeaAemH aflMHHHCTpanJH. Hto BacaeTca Bonpoca o tomt>, 
jojshm jth, npH HCTOCjeHia ysadaHHaro flHBHjeHfla, 6htb npHHH- 
MaeMH vl cootfpaaenie h npooteHTN, Hapocnrie Ha 6aHKOBufi aojfb, 
co BpeMOHH yHpea^eHur aflMHracrpaiuH, ran ae btotb aoifb nofliiG- 
airrL y^,OBjeTBopeHiH) jhihl vb Tofl cyMnA, Basajsr ^Hcmiaci. bo w» 
ea oTEpHTiH, to hh vb pimemH 9tomt», hh Bootfnje vb cyaefiHoft npaB- 
THsft no ceHy npejMery yKasamfi ho co^epsHTCH. Ha btomt, ocHOBa- 
HiH MHoriji a^MHHHCTpau;iH, ynjaHHBa* 6aHB0BHfi jojotb, ao o6panj,e- 
nia hxi vb BOHsypcB, oTBasHBaixrcH noracHTL Hapocmie Ha Hero 
npoi^eHTU, npH qeirB ccMaroTca Ha to: 1) too npoijeHTH, niaTnuue 

fl&iaHHKQM'B IlOCjfc CpOBa, £BJ&K>TCH BOBM^eHieM'B yfolTBOKB Bp6- 

jpraopa, npoHcmejmiixfc ott> neaaBOHHaro BJEaaima jojraHHBOir* ero 
KanHTajOMt, npn yspeaflemn ae aAKHHHcrpaiUH aojubhhkb nepe- 
craen* bjhw&tb BanHTajraara BpewTopoBt, Tas* Basi Bee ero HMy- 
m,ecTBO nepexoAHn> n a^arnHHcrpaTopaMTb, BM6paHHUM'B Bpe,^HTopa- 
mh, h 2) hto Bpe^HTopH, ofiasaBiniecH no^HCKofl, npn yqpeaAemH 
aAHHHHOTpai^iH, npHHHMarorB Ha ce6a rapanriD npe^i 6aHBOMi> Jianib 
vb tomi>, wo oTHomeHie aETHBa vb naccHBy He Hapymsrcfl npn a^MH- 
HHCTpan4oHHOMi> ynpaBjemH h 6aHBi, Bt cjyiai o6pani,eHia a^ioi* 
CTpau,iH vb BOHBypcTb, nojyqBTL Ty cymiy Aojra, saByio oh% mopb 
6h noxyiOTb, no cocToanii) 6aaraHca, npn caMOMi, yqpexAemH a,nMH- 
HHcrpaipH. XoTa 9a ocHOBamn xMkcntBjjDjnpxb ysaBOHeHi* Ha^no^e- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cxxx — 

Hie iipoijeHTOB-fc Ha sanHrajBHyD cyamy jojra npespan^aeTCJi tojbro 
cl o6xA&ieHieifB AOJSHHsa HecocroHTejBHHirB h Teieme °/o sa Bpemi 
cymecTBOBamji a^MHHHCTpauiH, HM4»iu,efi ufabio BoscTaHOBjeme Kb*i> 
Aoi«HHKa, Kasajocb 6h, He aojsho uoweaaTt npiocranoBKi, rfein, 
He MeHie rocy^apcTBeHnufi 6amn> Heo^HORpaTHO BUHy»^eHT> fiujrb 
npHHHMaTL norameme oflHoro RanHTaiBHaro Acxra, TaKt RaKt pas- 
piraeHie Bonpoca o npoueHTaxt, bt> bhay B086ya^aeMaro jmiiHHH- 
cTpai;i^MH cnopa, Morjo 6u toocjrkaoBaTB, vb cemi cjyqai, tojkko no 
onpejijieHiiD cy.ua, hi KOTopoMy 6aHKi», o^HaRo, JHrnem, boshosho- 
cth o6pamaTLCfl panie ofipamema a^ifHHHCTpaiuH bt> kohkvpcb, 
yqpeaCAeme noero HepiflRO He aeaaTe-iBHO He tojbro bt> HHTepe- 
caxi> Kpe^HTopoBt, ho h caiioro 6aHRa. Bcx&acTBie cero h npHHHMaa 
bo BHHMame, tto paaptmeme yRasaHHaro Bonpoca b'btomi hjhapy- 
roMi> cMuorb uwberh AJa rocy^apcrBeHHaro 6aHRa cymecrBeHHoe 3Ha- 
qeeie, mhhhctpb ^HHaHCOBi npociut BHecrn 9tott> BonpocB Ha 06- 
cyajeHie UpaBHTeiBCTByromaro CeHaTa. llpHRamin: 06cysAemio Upa- 
BHTejibCTByDmaro CeHaTa noAjesnrL Bonpoct toitb, otiasaHU jih 
Ha ocHOBaHm ct. 496 t. XI 1. 2 ycT. cyaonp. Topr. Rpeflirropu, npo- 
cHBmie o6i> yqpeatfemH a^MHHHCTpau;in no AkiaurB cuoero AOJURHHRa 
h BUAaBmie ycTaeoBjeffnoe osHaqeHHoro craTBero o6aaaT6JtcTBo bho- 
cemu hmh, bt> oiyqai o6pameHia a*HMHHHCTpaitfH bi ROHRypet Bcefl 
cyMMM Ao^ra, npuiHTaromaroca ob ao-HRHHKa rocyaapcTBeHHOMy 6aHRy, 
ero ROHTopaM?> hjh 0TA*J6HiaMi, ynjaTHTi^ cBepxi> B8H0ca Ha y^o- 
aieTBopeme cero xojra hst> RomcypcHofi Maccu hojhoctbh), Tairce npo- 
ueHTU, Hapocmie co %a& yqpeatAema anMHHHCTpau.in no jchb oncpu- 
ria ROHRypca, hjh se AOJirh stotb noweaHTB yAOBJierBopeHiro juidb 
b-b Tofi cyMMi, Kaicaa iHCJHjacB ro ahio yqpeacAenia aAMHHHCTpauJH. 
Bi npHBexeHHOii cr. 496 ycr. cy^onp. Topr. nocTaHOBjeHo: „ecjiH Ha 
AOjr«HHR'b coctohtt. npereraia rocyMpcTBeHHaro 6aena, ero KOHTopt 
hjih oTA&ieHifi, He HMbH3in,Hxi> HCRJOTHTeABHaro npaBa yAOBjeTBopema, 
to RpeAHTopa, HcnpamtfBaa a,piflHHCTpaijiH, npHCOBORyajaKXTB npn 
tomt> o6flyaTejbCTBo, bc^mh npocRTejraMH noanHcaHHoe, hto bt> ciyqai, 
ecjH aAMHHHcrpaniioHHoe ynpaBjeme ue ycntert B03CTanoBHTL xkA'b 
AOjatHHKa h aoji«ho 6yAen» yqpeAHTt ROHRypci, ohh HenpenitHHo 
BHecyrt npn caMOMt yqpeacAeHra oHaro ecto cyMMy 6anKoea%o doxui. 

IIpH p^HIGHiH ROHRypca Cm CtJMMtb flpjBKMQ 6bITk npHHHMaeMO Bl> 

ocHOBaHie He to yse cocroame xhAt* AOJiacHHRa, bb ROTopoe ohh 
npmnJH no o6iABJieHiH ero HecocroaTeorbHUM-b, a upesHee, bi ro- 
topomt> ohh HaxoAHJiHCb npn yqpesAeHui aAMHHHCTpauJM*. HajoateH- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CXXXI — 

Hoe nocraHOEieHie saKOHa HMierB HecoMHiHHo CBoe» i$-ilio otieane- 
iirn> HHrepecu rocyAapcTBemaro 6aHKa, ero KOHTopt h oTAijemfi 
no HwfeiomHMCJi y hhxt, Ha AOJaHHKi Tpe6oBamaMT> Ha toto cjrynaft, 
sor^a no xbjmwb npHme,jpnaro bt» HeonjraTHOcrt AoaaHHKa ynpe- 
XAaeTcn He soHKypcL, Ha o6njeMi> ocHOBamn, a aAMHHHCTpau,ia, t. e. 
Eor^a He CMorpa Ha o6HapyanBmyK)Ctf yae HeonjaraocTb AOJ»HHKa, 
A&ia ero He JHKBHAHpyioTca, KaKt npH (J>opMajiBHoiii> o&baB&eRm 
HecocToaTejbHocTH, a nepexoAart bt> ynpaBjeme KpeAHTopoBi cl 
itftfbK) hxt> B03CTaHoiaema (cr. 490 h cJiiA* ycT. cyAonp. Topr.). 
(XJesneneHie oto saKJimeTca b* tomt», tto KaKoirt 6h hh oKaaajrca 
pesyjH/ran, aAMHHHcrpaiyoHHaro ynpaBJiema xotji 6h oho He tojebro 
He ycnijo BOseraHOBHTb A&ia AOiacHinta, ho npraejo 6h Aa»e hxt> 
bt> xy;gnee nojioaeHie h 6*aroAapa ceiny npHnurocL 6u BceTaraBno- 
cjrfeACTBiH y^rpe^HTb HaAT> ao.i»hhkoiit. KOHKypct, — ofiaroaTejbCTBo 
3to Bpe^Ho oTpasHTbca Ha HHTepecaxt rocyxapcTBeHnaro 6aHKa, ero 
kohtop'l h OT^'kf eHifi He Moaen>: hmt> rapaHrnpoBaHo sasoHOMi yAo- 
BJieTBopeme h3t> noAJieaameft BHecemw Rpe^HTopaMH cyMMu no TOMy 
pascnery, KOTOpuft mriurfc 6u sfhcTO h bt> tomt* aayiat, ecju& 6u 
BsaM^HT» yqpeaAema aAMHHHcrpaitfH npncrynjieHO 6hjo Kb HeineA- 
jeHHotf, nocpeACTBOMi Koraypca, peaJHsaijiH mymecTBa hxt> *oaa- 
HRKa, t. e. coofipasHO TOMy noJioaeHiro axTHBa h naccHM AO-iamBi*, 
KOTopoe 6mjo Ha jhijo npH yipeaAemH aAMHHHCTpaijiH, a He TOMy, 
KOTopoe OKaaerca npn ofipamemn ajpuHHucTpanin bt> KomeypcTb. YcTa- 
BOBjeHiearL TaKoro HCKJio^HTejLHaro wl cpaBHemH ct» npo^HMHEpe- 
AHTopaMH cnocofia pascieTa yAOBjreTBopema npeTeH3ifi ycyAapeTBeH- 
Haro 6aHKa, ero KOHTopi* h or^'fejeHift, npiypo^eHHaro Kb HMyme- 
CTBeHHOMy nojioaemio AoaaHHKa Kb MOMeirry yqpeaAema na^t hhm> 
aAMHHHcrpauiH, a He cfwpiiajbHaro o6taBJ[eHia ero BnocrfcACTBiu H e- 
cocroHTejrLHUirb, h HcqepnuBaeroi sHaieme npHBe^eHHofi CTaTbH 3a- 
KOHa. UpHHHMaji ae bo BHHManie: 1) tto ynpeaAemesfb no Ai-iam 
AOjaHHKa aAMHHHCTpaAioHHaro ynpaMema Teieme nponeHTOBt no 
Hjrfc»mBMCH Ha HeMt Tpe6oBamain> He npiocraHaBJHBaeTca, a cjri- 
AOBaTeJLHO npaBo Ha TaKOBiae AOJano 6htb iipnsHano, Ha o6m,eM'L 
ocHOBamH, sa bc*mh Kpe^HTopaMH cocTOHin,aro hoa'b aAMHHHCTpaipeio 
AOJiaHHKa no jifiBb oTRpwria ijiopMajLnofl ero necoeroaTejibHOCTH 
(CTaTLa 601 ycTaBa cyaonp. Topr.) hjh ae, bt> cjyqa* yAOBJierBope- 
mn Kpe^HTopa co ctopohh aAMHHHCTpauiH ao yqpeaAeHia KonKypca 
no achb cero yAOBJieTBopenia (ct. 365 t. XVI q. 2 3aK. cyAonp. rpaaA.)i 
2) tto H3i> 3Toro o6m,aro npaBH^a HHKaKoro n^MTifl a^^ rocynap- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cxxxn — 

CTBeHHaro 6aHEa, ero aoHropt h OTfltjemfi wl saKOHi He tojtbko He 
ycTaHOBjeHo, ho aonymeme xaKoro muma npeflCTaBJia-iocB 6u abho 
Hecorjacy»mHMca ct> tAmi* npnBBUuerHpoBaHHHiTB cpaBHHTejMO ct 
npo^HMH Kpe^HTopann HOJioaeHieMCB, bi> KOTopoe crasim* aaKostro- 
cyAapcTBeHHufi 6aHKb npn ynpeamemH no xhxam, ero aojatHHKa 
a^MHHHCTpaiUH, h6o JHiueHie 6aHKa npoijeHTOBfc Ha npn?HraBHiyx)ca 
euy so BpemeHH y^peawema aflMHHHcrpaijiH cyauty aojra, sa Bee He- 
onpe^&ieHHoe Bpeina cymecrBOBama aflMHHHCTpaijiH vb mvhcrmaxh 
cjryroarB coBepmeHHo yjjajajo 6u 3Ha?eme npeaocraBjeHHofi esiy 
CTaTteio 496 JttroTH; 3) too aa chmt> no cart ct. 601 ycr. cyn, Topr. 
no^t cyMMOD aoarra, noweaanjaro yAOBjerBopemio m% soHBypca, pa- 
syirfieTca He tojbko KanHTajBHaa oHaro cymia, ho h cynMa, npHTO- 
TaDO^HxcA Ha Hee no aohb OTKpHTia HecocroaTejBHOcTH nponpHTOBi, 
HpaBHTejibCTByromift CeHara npnxo.pmE. kt> TOMy saMmem©, tto 
no#B BiipasemeM-L cr. 496 yd. cyaonp. Topr. „Bca cymia 6aHjw>Baro 
AOjrra", KOTopyio o6aaaHu bhgcth npH y^peayneniH BOHRypca na yjo- 
BxeTBopeme rocyjapcTBeHHaro 6ansa spe^HTopu, xo^aTaficrBOBaBniie 
o6i> yqpeat^emH aAMHHHcrpanra, h KOTopoft soHBypci* aojiaeffB no 
Toft sea CTaTLi nocTaHOBHTB cBoe, Meamy npoTOMi h Ha ocHOBasdH 
cr. 601 Toro ate ycTaBa, pimeme, aoj«ho noHHMaTt otfmyio cyimy 
HaKOHHBmaroea bo ahd OTBpHTia secocToare-iBHOCTH flojcra rocyjap- 
CTBeHHOMy 6aHsy, t. e. cymiy aojra, TOCJHBmyi>ca ko ^hd ynpe- 
aEflema a^MHHHcrpai^H c% npHCoeAHHemeMi» kt> nefi Hapocnraxx Ha 
Hee no Aem> orapHTia HecocroaTejBHocTH npoijeHTOBx, wl aaKOBofi 
o6m,efi cyMMi h jojisho 6htb npoHSBe^eno yxasaHHoe bt> ct. 496 
ycr. cyAonp. Topr. yAOBjeTBopeHie npereHsifi rocyj^apcTBOHHaro 6aHsa, 
ero kohtopx h oTflijemft. A noTOMy h npH3HaBaa, too Bos6yw;eH- 
Hufi b-l HacToan^eM-B #&i4 BonpocB MoateT^ noflBeprHyrBc* Ha npan- 
thk* bt> cyAe6min> h jpyrax'* ycTaHOBiemaxt pa&igraoMy hctoj- 
KOBamK), IIpaBHTejiBCTByron^ift CeHart bt» BH^axt jocTH*ema eflHHo- 
o6pasHaro OHaro paapimema HaxoflHra nyatmurB Hacroanjee onpe- 
xhjienie CBoe ony6jHKOBaTB b*b ycTaHOBjeHHOMi nopa^Ki. Bcji^CTBie 
cero IIpaBHTejQ)CTByi)nUfl CeHaTi> onpeflkiaerB: npnsHaTB, too yao- 
BjerBopemH) corjacno yBasanHOAiy wb ct. 496 t. XI h. 2 ycr. cyA. 
Topr. nopajyty npereHsiH rocynapcTBeHHaro 6aHKa, ero Komopi. h 
OTA&ieHifi no^ie^arB He tojebbo bt> to£ cyMMi, BOTopaa HHCJBwacL 
no hhitb bo ahh) yHpea^ema no #kiairB roju&ekksl a,a;MHHHCTpan,iH, 
ho h BTb cyMMi HapocnmxB Ha Hee npoi^eHTOBi co ana y^pea^ema 

a^MHHHCTpaipH HO ^OHB OTBpHTia HOCOCTOaTejBHOCTH ^OJgHHKa HJH 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CXXXTTT — 

no *bhl yaoMeTBopema ea awraHcrpaniei), o newb pa npaneia- 
Taaia bx yciaflORieHHOMt nopa^Bi CeaaTcaoH Tanorpa4>ia a^tb assi- 
crie, a wa npeflcraBaeaia bi> aenapraMearx MHgacTepCTaa eocthajh 
kx .j&iairx ofiepx-npoaypopa nepejaix Koniro cero onpetf&aeaia. 

657. npodxeniu cpom djw co6panM nepeoM u nmopoU ho- 
cmeu ocHomtaio nanumcua »HpunoecKato npoMUttueunaw oSutecmea". 

666. paspmueuiu cmaaponoAbCHOMy ynxdnoMy cwbsdy y CaMap- 
acoti tydepmu, omnptteamb aamdauM eh nocadfb MeAOKectb. 

16 jnaa JW 79. 

668. 06^ omnyotodeHiu n co6cmeeuHocmb Kamtt seMMb u uMy- 
iqecmeb no&b ycmpoUcmeo noettxt mahxu utocce et BuAenettOMh eom- 
nom oxpyztb. 

660. Ota omnyotcdeuiu 3eMeA%, nompe6HHXb dw coopyo/cemji peAb- 
coeckxo nymu orm top. UenstA do cm. Py3aeeKu, MocKOdCKO-KOSOHCKOu 
m. dopoiu. 

661. aemcKuxb cMwmaxt u pacKAadnaxh na 1895 to&b e* 
cmmnbiax, o6Aacm*ax> u ofo ymsepomdeniu pocnuee& demoieHtAXb c6o- 
pom> u pacxodoeb na sbmckm noeunuocmu 03naHeHHUxb o6Aacme&. 

662. npuHucAeniu cyMMb, nocmynamyux* <n> pacnqpjtotoeuie 
EoneHumeAhcmffb o uapoduou mpeseovmu, m cnwia/HMUMb cpedcm- 
ecun nonewmeAMmm. 

663* 06b u3Mtbueuiu nopxdna samdueanifi etaKynnoio onepauieto 
u ofo ymeepoicdemu donoAHumeAbnato pocnucanis doAotcHOcmeU upae- 
xodoeb no denapmamnmy ohao^hhxz c6opoeb. 

rOCyAapCTB6HHHfi COB&TX MHfbH%eMb flOAOO/CUAh: 

L flpoearx AonojHHTeaBHaro pocnacaBria ao-KKBocTefi a pacxo- 
NVb no AenapraueaTy ORia^uxx c(5opoBx noflaecra ex Buconat- 
nieMy Ero HMnepaTopcaaro BeaanecTBa yTBepatfleairo a, no bocho- 
cxfeAOBaaiH oaaro, bbocth bx jiftcTBie ex 1-ro ima 1895 ro.ua. 

II. ynpasAHBTL, ex 1-ro ima 1895 r., raaBaoe Buaynaoe y^pe- 
a^eme a, ex Toro ate BpeMeaa, ocbo6oahte> rocyaapcTBeaaNft (tanax 
otb acnojmeaia ofiaeaaaocrefl no Btisynaog onepanja. 

HI. Bx HBMtHeme a Aonojiaeme noweammaxx ysaaoHeaifi, no- 
craHOBBTL: 

1) 3aBtj^UBaaie BHayaaoro onepauieso bx HHnepia BO&iaraeTca aa 
AenapTaueBTx OKja^HLixx c6opoBx, ncnx gjiaasafimaiix Bi^imeMx 
aaaacrpa ^naaacoBx. Kx o6a8aaaocraMx cero ^enapTaMeaTa otbo- 
CHTca, no BUEynHofl onepauin: a) pascMOTpinie o$iu,hxx Bonpocoux 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CXXXTV — 

o nopajKi h ycJOBiaxr> nepeBoja KpecTBam* Ha Bincynv, 6) pasp*- 
nieflie Buzynuuxi, ccyjt Ha ocHOBamn noJioxema o umiyni h npa- 
bhjt>, ycTaHaBJHBaeMHX'L no conameHiro mhhhctpokb BHyTpeHHHXb 
xbjrb h ^HHaHcoBt, pacnopaaema o Bu^aTfe cirxt ccy^t, a Taicse 
Hajoseme Ha BtucynaeMua KpecTBaHaitH aeiura sanpen^emfl h CHarie 
hxt>; b) Be^eHie craroBOACTBa h OT^erHOcra no BUKynHUM-b njare- 
saMx u cocTaBjeme eaterojtHaro oroeTa no BUKynnofi onepauin; r) 
o6cyaKA6Hie BonpocoBx, sasie Moryn, BOSHHKHyTB npn HcnojsemH no- 
joacema o BHicyirk h npeflCTaBjeme o tout., bi cjy^ai Ha,no6HOCTH, 
Ha paspfememe BHcmaro npaBErraiLCTBa, h x) T6Eym.ee £4*onpoH3- 
bojctbo no BHsyiraiJMT> uaTesaATb Kpevrbawh h no B3ucKaHiain>, 
cocToanporL Ha noMimHKaxt no Btntyiraoft onepaipn. 

2) EoBipKa oth6thocth KasHaqeflcTBt o uocTyujeHiH uaTeseft 
no K&KAoii BHKyimofi ccy#k othochtch kt> otiasaHHOCTH m£cthhxt> 
KOHTpo^LHHXi, yqpexAemfi. 

IV. HcTOCJieHHyi) no flonojrHHTejBHOMy pociracaHii) flo-iasHocTefi h 
pacxoAOBi no AenapraaieHTy ORJMAEUYb ctfopoBT. (or*. I) cyMMy, wb 
pasiiipi ceMudecamu deyxb mt*exm> nemupexeofm copom pyfaefi, 
bhochtb, gb 1-ro araapa 1896 r., bt> noAieacaniia noApasA&ieHia 
cm4tm HaaBaHHaro ^enapraMeHTa. 

V. Pacxo,*!., noTpe6HHfi Ha npHBeaeme bt> fliiiCTBie osnaneHHaro 
pocnucama bo BTopofl nojioBHH'fc Tenymaro roja, bt> xoimecrvh 
36.220 p., ofipaTHTB Ha Kpe^HTu, HasHaneHHue no jMcrByiomeii 
cartu* ^enapTaMOHTa okj^eutb c6opoBi> Ha coAepsame iuaBHaro 
BUsynHaro yipeatAema, Ha Harpa.pi qHHOBHHBairB cero yqpeacAOHia 
h Ha co^epatanie ocofiaro oTjijia no BHKynHoS onepaitfn npn rocy- 

AapCTBeHH0M1> 6aHKi, CT> TtlTB, 1T06h OCTaTBH OTB CHXl KpeAHTOBX 

6ujlh npH^HGJieHU kb cbo6oahhm'b peccypcaMt rocyjapcTBeimaro RasHa- 
qeflcTBa. 

VI. JIwxl, (Myasan^HXi vl rjiaBHOiTB BHsyiraoirB yqpeacjeHin h 
rocyAapcTBeHHOMt 6amrb, koh, sa npaBeAeeieMt b* HcnojHeme M^pu, 
yxa3aHHofi bt> oT^ixh II Hacroamaro ysaKOHema, He nojyqan, ho- 
saro Haana^eHia, ocraBHTL 3a nrraTOMi, Ha o6mein> ocHOBamn. 

YH. npe^ocTaBHTB MHHHcrpy ^HHaHCOBi, no conameHiK) cb rocy- 

AapCTBeHHHMT. KOHTpOJiepOMX, COCTaBHTB H BBeCTH Bfc flificTBie: a) 

HflCTpyicuiK) o nopa^E* Be^ema noAxeatain,HMH yqpeKAeHiaMH c^oto- 
BOACTBa u oTqeTHocTH no BUKynHofi oncpan,in, h 6) ^opmy eaero^- 
uaiH> oTqeTa no BunynHod onepauiH. 

Ero HunepaTopcRoe BejinnecTBO Bocnocj*AOBaBmee MH'kHie bi» 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cxxxv — 

o6m t eM% codpamn rocyAapcroeHHaro coBfrra 27 MapTa Bucoqaftme 

JTBep^HTB COmBOJOWb H nOBei&TB HCnOJHHTb. 

664. npodAeniu cpona na nepeycmpoucmso ceAibCKOrepaneGuou 
Hacmu Open6yptacou %y6epn%u do okohhoha* dntkmeiH seMacuxb cmmm 
mpexjubtnix 1893—1895 %.%. 

565. CHa&xceniu taecmu onpyoicnuTb epaneU UpuMopcnou o6*a- 
cmu H09UMU anyxuepcKUMu u xupypxunecKUMu uHcmpyMenmaMu, %o~ 
podoenxb epaneu — cyde6no-MedununcKUMu ua6opaMu u epase6nHXb 
ynpa&JHHiA — MuxpocKonoMu. 

566. 06b oKAodaxi nencut npofeccopoeb, douenma u npenoda- 
eameAcH cnenioAbnuxh KAoecoeb npu laaapeecKOMb uuemumymtb eo~ 

OnOHHtAXh fi3btK0*b. 

567. donoAHeuiu y3aK0Heniu, KacatotifuxcH npouaeodcmsa neap- 
mupHttxi denexb wfiuyepaMb u nunoenunaMb eoennato sibdoMcrma, 
eoemojiUfUMb na CAyotc6n> trb onpyofCHtAXb u MtbcmntAXb ynpaeAenixxb. 

668. 06b ynpeotcdeniu npu HmnepamopcKOMb PyccKOXt Tempa- 
<fiy%ecKOJ*b 06u&emefb Medcuu umchu H. M. IlpotcedcubCKato u o6b 
ynmpotcdeniu noAootcenix o6b oananennoH MedaAu. 

669. 06b ymeepotcdeniu pucynnasnana 6ah HAeuoeb IIoneHumeAh- 
cnwa o napodnou mp&eocmu cb onucaniem cexo pucywca. 

670. 06b yspeotcdeuiu eb uMtbniu MocnoecKoit MtbiyanKu Ena- 
mepunu Tepuxoeou npu ceAtb Hoeo-IIoKpoecKOMb, TbcamcKato ytwda, 
Mencnou o6ujUHt*i ct nauMecoeaniem en BAoduMipcnm. 

671. 06b ynptotcdeniu na npunadaeofcav^Mh nynuy Hetie yioA*- 
noMb 3O0odfb> ffb ILemep6ypicK0Mb ytb3dtb, doAOfcnocmu nmuato hoau- 
Heucxaw ypaduuna. 

672. 06b ymeepotcdeniu tutnama noAUneuacou KOMandu top. Uy- 
neotci (KocmpoMCKoA iy6.). 

17 M* Jtf 80. 

578. cdtbAxaxh, 3cutAK>HaejmAXb na pocciuacyfo soAtmyio Monemy 

rocyA&pcTBeHflufi coB$Th MnfbnieMb noAootouAb: 

Rb paai»acHeHie h AonojiHeme noAxesaiuHxi> ysaKOHem* nocra- 

HOBHTb: 

1) BCJHCUI A03B0JeHHKUI BaKOHOM-b nHCBM6HHUa c^iJiKH uorjTh 

6utb aaKJDHaeMU Ha pocciflcKyio saiOTyro MOHeTy. 

2) Oo CA^iKam>, nncaHHUMi> Ha pocciflcKyio soiOTyi) MOHeTy (ct. 1), 
yuwra hpohsboahtcsi jh6o sojotojo MOHeToio m> onpeAijeHHofi ca'ki- 
kod cymit, .ra(Jo rocyjapcTBeHHUMH kpoahthumh 6Hje r raMu no Kypcy 



Digitized by 



Google 



— oxxxn — 

Ha 30xoto bt» sens AMcrBiroexbHaro iuaTeaa, a b*b cjyqai cnopao 
Kypci — no nocj*AHeafy noxyroHHOMy Ha n4cri cpe^eeiiy Kypcy c*4- 
jiokb C.-neTep6yprcBoi 6hjwkh. 

3) PasMip-L rep6oBaro cfopa, npHTOTa»iu;aroca cr» asroB* h 10- 
KyMeHTOBt, nHcaHHuxi Ha pocciflcKyio soxory© MOHery (cr. 1), pas- 
CTOTHBaerca no HapmjaraxbHoft cymrfc Cfljbxsa. 

4) MnHHcrpy ^HHaHOOFB npeAOoraEiaeTea: 1) paspfcmaTb no^ie- 
»ammii ygpeaaeHiain>, bt> Tofi nocTeneHHOOTH, KOTopaa tfyaerfc hmt> 
ycraHOBjeHa, npieirL, no aexaHiro nxaTexuigiROB'L, soxoTOft mqhovh 
bt> ynjiaTy aimH8HUXi> c6opoBt no HasHaiaeaioiiy hmt», MEHHorpoMt, 
Kypcy, ct, npe^cTaBjemeMi* Kaas^Hft pasi o pacnopaxemaxs, cbohitl 
no ceiiy npe^MeTy IIpaBHTexBCTByromeMy CeraTy ax* paenytfxmoBa- 
ma bo Bceotfnjee CB-fc^Hie, h 2) coo6m;aTb o6t» ynoMSHyTHTB pacno- 
paaeHian, noxxeaan^Hirb yipea^emaM-fc TexerpaimaMH xia hcsox- 
neffia cl t^mt>, ?to6h o co^epsamH chxi TexerpamrB 6hxh h6M6a- 
xerao BHcraBX&eMii ofaflBxemH wh noirhn],6Hiaxi> 9thxi» yipesAemft 
n «ito6h osHaneHHua pacnopxsema BCTynaxn bi cHxy Ha ex4jyro- 
nyft jeHL no nojiyqemn htb Ha Micraxt. 

Ero HsmepaTopoRoe BexsraeorBo BocnocxiiAOBaBinee mime vb 
o6m;eM'L co6paHia rocyAapcTBOHHaro coBiTa 8 Maa Bucoiafinie yTBep- 

flHTb COH8BOXHX1» H HOBO^kTB HCnOXHHTL. 

18 iaa A* 81. 

574. 06b ymeepotcdeniu: noAOOfceuin o cocmaetb u ycmpotkmen> 
HnotcenepHUxi eotlcKi, pocnucani* uxb u deexmu mmamoeb. 

19 Man Jtf 82. 

575. epofctb npedemanAeHm 9b rocydapcmeeuHHti ooenam cMnmt* 
ynpadAenix omdiMbuazo Kopnyca noipauuHHoii cmpaaicu. 

576. eudantb euKynnt*x* ccy&b Hamnubmu dentiaMu. 

rOCyAapCTBGHHHfl COBin, MHfbHieMb nOAOQKUAbl 

I. Pascneru no bhkyuhlimt> ccy*air&, Koropua fiyayra snpe^b pas- 
ptinaeMH, xh6o y»e paspftmeHii, ho enje ho BHjaHH hjh fie o($pa- 
njeHu no npHHa^jesHOCTH, DpofKBOAHra h&ih^thumh jeHBrawa. 

U. IIo 03Ha^eHHUMT» ccyxairt (ot^;. I), sa HCKJH)ieHieMT> h8t>ohhxt> 
cywMt, ho oocraBjajDiiiHX'B noxHHXi naTHaecara pyfaefi, HaqHcxaTL 
npoueHTti co cpoKa paspimema ccyjH no aohl Biwara hjh o6pa- 
meHia ea no npatiaweaHocra, oa cjrh^yiojuHX'L ocHOBaHiaxi>! a) no 
BURynnuirb ccyaairb, cpora paapfenwrna bohx*b npexiHecTByiyrL 1 udhh 
1894 ro^a, HaqHCjaerca #o 1 i»Ha 1894 r. eotb npou,6HTOBT>, a Cb 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cxxxvn — 

1 i»HJi 1894 r. ranipe ex d6jiobhhok> npon,eHTa; no ccyAaMX »e, 
paspimaeMHirL co cposoBx nocjrfe 1 mux 1894 r. HaracoiaeTCJi sc- 
rape ox DOiioBHHOD upou,eHra; 6) npon;eHTU HasHaHWDTC* ex y#ep- 
sameMx rax mxx,— coofipaeao cpoisy paspimeHia BusynHoS ccynii, 
ho He pasAe, iuikx ex 1 BtapTa 1885 r.j-^-ctfopa ex aoxoaoBX on 
jeHesHiixx KamiTajioBx, h b) npoijeHTM, He HcrpefiOBaHHHe hsx BasHu 
vb Te^eme aocoth ifrrx co aha o6xHBjema o cocroHBineMca paspi- 
meHiH BLreyimo* ccy*H (ct. 108 nojox. o BHEynt, cb. saK., t. IX, 
ocofi. npnj., hsj. 1876 r.), ho BHflaioTca. 

HL RpeABTH, Horpe6fiue Ha BUjavy bx Teqenie naa^aro ro.ua 
BiiKyHHKx ccyax ex npHTOTa»mHMHca no ohhmx npoi^emaMH (ot^. 
I h II), bhochti, emeroAHo bx noaaeaantffl nojcpas^eHiH paexoa- 
hhxx eirivrx aenapraiteHTa owaflHiixx ctfopoBX. 

Ero HmiepaTopcKoe BejiHHecTBo Bocn&cjiAOBaHinee «H*Hie bx 
o^omx co6pamH rocyjapcTBeHHaro coB&ra 27 MapTa BiicoHafime 
yXBep^HTL COftSBOJHJX h noBexkjx hcuojhhtb. 

577* O epeMennoMb npedocmasAemu omenecmeeHmiMb yiAenpo- 
M\mmim*naMb nnmrnopweb Awwm no #ueo3y naMennmo pun <n> 
KoHctnanmuHonojib. 

578. O p&3ptbW&H%ti cmsdoffb mptameeuotb npoMutUAenuuKo^ 
na Kaem3th. 

679. Ofo yoeMtktoiiu ocuomata KOnumajta ^OdeccKato moeapu- 
Wtcmea <fkc6ptiHHaio nprnseodctntia tpacom u mnoeb (Juetuaw KapAtk 
Bepia*. 

580. do3eojieniu Aoea ceAtdu wiaenuMu cwnuiMu &b 1895 tody. 

581. pacftemib ct amimepaMu o6t^ecmea HoeomopotccKOtt otce- 
Afbsuou dopotu no wftcyny ctoHWenHO# dopotu eh tcaffly. 

582. HCtfnaMeHitt Keapmupnuxb deneib npmemnwey npu uepn&u 
MOAOATwnHaio omdtbAenis C.-HemepSypvcnaio HuKOJUteecnato cupom- 
ttato unemumpmu. 

588. npuceoeuiu nonenumeAbcmey o 6n>dm*Tb &b Mo&te% na^ 
uMeuoeaniH n $aMCKato noneHnmejiwmea o Stbdntaxb ez MocKetb". 

584, O npuwmiu KantmvoMt, nomepmeoeannaw nonewmeAejM 
GtnimcKmo dnmcmto npmma en Mock**, nomoMCtmennHMb nonem- 
HHMb tptumdoHUHOMb KapwwAM^ 6ah nonynm* hau nocmpo&Ku doMa 
dm (xnewemMH) npmma. 

585. npunnmiu CuM6upcKato peMecMnnaw ym*Auuf& tpeufia 
B t B. OpAoea+fimbKfosa nodb Buoouauwee noKpoeumeAbcmeo Exo 
HMnepamopcmio BeJimecmea. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cxxxvra — 

586. OGb WMfbneniu ycmaea n Toeaput<tecmea cmoAxpnuarb, Mexa 
nunecKuxb u Aummnuxb 3asodoeb nodb (fiupMow SuAepb uIIacmopb u . 

587. npodAeniu cpofca dM co6panin ocnoenaio icanumaAa „ 06- 
it+ecmea MuAoeuvKu&b xaMMennoytOAbuuxb noneu u 3a#odoeh tt . 

588. 06* u3M)hHmiu ycmaea n Toeapuutecmea Mauytfaxmyph 
77. M. Pa6yiuuucmw cb cunoehHMu*. 

589. npodAeniu cpona dan co6pani* ocnoenaio mnumaAa „ To- 
eaptmfecmea (fiu3UK0-MexamMecKuxb u xupypio-MedtmuncKuxb <fia6puKb 
rpafa u S° u . 

590. u,n>ncwb dax npiejm 4V»°/o 3aKAadnt*xb Auemoet 3eMcmto 
6anm XepcoHCtcou lyGepuiu eh 3oamu no naaennuMb nodpsdawb u 
nocmaetcaMb, a manoice pa3cpoHennaio ruwneoica amu3a 3a euno u 
ma6atn> u eb 30aoiu dan o6e3neHenin maMOOtcennuxb nowAum erb me~ 
Heme nepeato noAytodin 1895 i. 

591. nepeuucAeniu i. Fpodno no #3UMamjo nainenmnato c6opa 
Cb Mfbcvm npodaotcu numeu trb mpemiu pasprifa Mtbcmuocmcu. 

592. npod^emu cpona dAS co6panix ocnoenaio xanumaAa n IIep- 
eato moeapwwecmea napoeaio 3epnoeau> u Mynnaw xAnfioneHeni* u 
Keacoeapenix" . 

598. npodAeniu cpom 6ah co6panix ocnoenaio nanumaAa n IIpo- 
MuuuieHHO-mopiOMio aKuionepnato o6tyecmea K. T. UIem u . 

594. 06* ynpeoicdeniu na npunadAeoicati^eu mcAtbdmtKaMb Ename- 
punGypiacaio xynw Andpeeea cymnnou $a6puwb eb KovuyncKou eo- 
Aocmu, Typuncnaio OKpyta, doAOicnoemu rmtuaio noAuueucnaio cmpaoic- 
nuna. 

595. 06b ynpeoicdeniu e* i. To6oAbCMb, eh Mfbcmnocmu pacnoAo- 
otceniH topodcKou cxamofounu, deyocb doAoicnocmeu topodoeuxb. 

596. pa3ptbuteuiu BepxomypcKOMy yntfdnoMy Chfb3dy omKjn*- 
earn* 3actbdanix eb Huotcne-TatuAbCKOMb 3aeodn>. 

597. pa3ptbiueniu CeMenoecnoMy yn»3dnoMy cbtb3dy onrnpueamh 
3actbdaHix eh c. Eqpy. 

23 laflM 83. 

598. npuHucAeniu nocmynatouiuxb omb 6t*etuuzh mMWwm*MXh 
u locydapcmeennuxb Kpecmtxm docpowttxb e3nocoeb ewcynnwrb nAO- 
Tneotceu Kb o6tyu.m peccypcawb Pocydapcmeennaw K(i3na%eucm6a. 

599. 06h omnpumiu npu KoMpamcnoMb peaAbHOMh yuuAuupt 
VII dofioAnumeAhnato KAacca. 

600. 06b ynpeoicdeniu doAoicnocmu uncnexmopa napodnuxb ynu~ 
Auup> SoKocniucKou o6Aacmu. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CXXXIX — 

601. npuHJtmiu MunucmepcmeoM% 3eMAedfbJiia u rocydapcmeen- 
Huarb HMyvjecmeh nootcepmeoeanin U3% podoeato uMytuecmea Ioctufia 
(kapomiHCKato. 

602. 06b WMfbneniu napa%pa(fioe% 26 u 27 ycmaea C.-TIemep- 
6ypicKaio KOMMepnecKato ynujiuwa. 

603. npuceoeniu ocofato nauMenoeanix npoeamu n%m Afbne6- 
Httutb Kieeacou Mapiunctcou othqunt* cecmepb MUAOcepdia o6v^ecmea 
Kpaenato Kpeema. 

604. npunjimiu Kanumajta, nootcepmeoeannaw cjiyotcatyUMu na 
Ii46a#o-PoMeHCKou otcejnb3Hou dopom 6ah ynpeotcdenin e% roM6A%CKOM% 
mezmmecKOMz otceAfb3nodopootcnoM% ynuMmpb cmuneudiu uMenu vmoice- 
nepa nymeu coothqewM AnmotuuHa. 

605. 06% u3Mfbneniu ycmaea Toeaputqecmea mxamou Many (pan - 
mypH B. H. EtbAoea. 

606. npodAeuiu cpona dw co6pamn nepeou nacmu ocnoenaio 
mnumaAa n JOaeno-PyccKaw o6tqecmea ncwmnato dn>Aa u . 

607. npodaeniu cpona 6ah co6pani& ocnoenaio nanumaAa 9 Poc* 
tiuacaw moeapuMteemea 6ah npou3eodcmea nuu§eeux% noncepeoe% a . 

608. 06% ymeepotcdeniu tumama noMtyeucKOu noMandu top. Huko- 
noAH (EnamepunocAascKOu %y6.). 

600. 06% ynpeotcdeniu dojiotcuocmu nnmato nojiuneuacato ypnd- 
Huna na MexanunecK0M% 3aeodn> uno/cenepa Kapxa IUeudjiepa npu 
cmamiu $e6aAi>Meeo, EaxMymcKato ymda. 

610. 06% yHpeotcdeniu e% nocejixtb Anmonoena^ UepeKoncnato yn>3da> 
dojwenocmu nrnuaio noAUueucmw ypsdnma. 

24 mm A* 84. 

611. pacnpocmpaneniu na Mtbcmnocmu, exodxw%R e% cocmae% 
HpicymncaWi TIpuaMypcKato u Typtcecmanctcato eoennux% oicpytoe%, 
npaeuA% 06% ynemfb u nptmtetb Ha dtbucmeumeAtnyio cAyotc6y huoic- 
Huxb Ht(Hoe% sanaca. 

612. 06% ymeepotcdeniu ycmaea o6tqecmea ceenjiocaxapnato 30r 
eoda MAod3etuum <fia6pmHt*u. 

613. 06% yrmepotcdeniu noAOdtcenix o eoennou munoipafiiu. 

614. 06% ymeepotcdeniu ma6Auv,u mapwfint*x% nocmam^ionnuarb 
pa3cmoHHiu CaMapo-3AamoycmoecKOu o/cejm3nou dopotu djm nepeeo3Kt* 
naccaoicupoe%, 6aiaotca u tpy3oe%. 

615. noAuweucKuxb u o6i4tecmeennux% yHpeotcdenixxi u eoun- 
cKuxb ynpaeAenvurb, na tcouxb eo3MiacmcH eedenie omnemnocmu o 



Digitized by 



Google 



■^■#v 



— CXL — 

Httotcnux* numvb sanaca apmu u (fijwma w> MtbcmHoctnxxb Hptcytn- 
cKaw, HpuaMypcfoaw u TypKecmancmio eoenuuxb oqpyioeh. 

26 mu A* 85. 

616. pacnpocmpaneuiu dtbtZcmei* 312 tt 317 cmameti ycmaea 
o codepotca^uxcH tuxh cmpaoiceio, mdcmis 1890 *., npedycMampueaio- 
vw&b avynau nepentdCAemjf apecmomrnoet i4mpaowneA%HtAm <mtdn>*ewiu 
m> ompn&b i4mpaejuimt(Mxcfi u conpat^enis cpofcoeb om&maeMa\o turn 
Hanawtoifii na apecmmmoei, nputoeopennuarb m HaseanuuMb omdtb- 
AeHWMb y ho codepoKWMtuxcx, 3a omcytricmeieMb m> nuxb Mibcrm s eb 
miopbMaxb. 

rocyAapcTBeHHHft CoBira, MtwmeMh neAoo/ctkn: 

QoeTaHOBjieHHoe bt* eraTLi 317 ycraBa o coxep&ampxca no^t 
CTpaaceio (cb. saK., t, XIV, m&. 1890 r.) npasuo o eoKpantemH 
cposoBi HaitaeaHiii, ortiuBaeMaro apecTaffraMH, nepeBejearasia bt> 
OTpaat HcnpaMHiDiUHXca, pacnpocTpaHHTB Ha apecw«T0K&, cojepKH- 
mhxt,, sa mmrbmewb rhcn, m, HenpaBRmiLHMn> 0T#bieHi£&'&, bt> 
TBopLMaxi*, h otjothbiiihxca wb TeqeHie jByxxfeTraro npe6iiBaHia BT» 
ohhxt> r n,o6pHMT> noBe^eeiearB, HcnoJuemeM* o&HMWHOOTeft R&pw h 
npHJieatameBTB kt> Tpy^y hjh ycntxaMH bt> HsyqemH MacrepcTBa. 
CoKpameme cpoKOBi> nporaBOflHToa ho noCT&HftBjemxMi* TropeWHX'B 

KOBfHTeTOB1> HXH HXX OTJ'kieHift. 

Ero HMnepaTopcKoe BeamecTBO BoenocataoBaBmee Mrimie bt» 
ofanfiMh oo6paHiH rocynapcTBeraaro CoB-frra 3 irora BHCo?aftme ytBep- 

flSTb COH3BOJHXB H nOBeJ&TK BeSOJBfflTb. 

617. eeedeniu eh dtbucmeie wpodoeaio noAootceuix eh topodaxh 
HoeopocciucKfb u Auantb, *L&pHOMopcnaio mpyta^ apaeno reoptieeactb 
u rposuoMb, TepcKou o6juxcmu. 

618. O&b ynpeotcdemit ynacmKoettxh ynpaeAeniu eh Cemupwnen- 
cmti o6Mcmu. 

619. npueeoeuiu MbcnuMh KondynmopaMh eh TypnecmancKOMb 
npatb np&eh no samwnpotmodcmey n neurit** 

620. npuHucMHiu Kb cneuiajthumMto cpedemeaMh eomnazo mvhu- 
cmepcmea doxodoeh tntmmpwfim, cocmomt^ npu mma6n> Hpfcymmato 
eoemwm onpyta. 

621. esedeuiu KaaenHoU npodaom numeU eb HfbnotnopHXh Mtbcm- 
Hocmxxb Kmnepiu. 

622. Ofo ymeepoKxkniu tamama munoipa<JSiu okpyotcnato ucma6a 
Hprcymacato eoeunato otcpyta. 



Digitized by 



Google 



'— CXLI — 

628. 06% u3 m*hc*v uci *» puognmxh Ameeoti cmopout* xocydap- 
cmemntAXb Kpedumnuxb titMemoeb 1 py6.*<3py6. docmouncmeb Buco- 
mutue ymeepmdeuHcno 27 mtffp* 1887 toda o6pasM^ 

Bo BcnojHeHie BHcoiaimaro noBertaiH, PocgfeflOBflBawro bt» 24 
Aem> Mapra 1895 roja bo BcenottamrtttaneMy mkjmkj MftHHcrpa 

$HH&HCOB?», Kb pBCyHSaTL JHIjeBOfi CTOpOHH rOCy^pCTBeHMHXl Bpe- 
XHTHBm tJlLTOTOBt 1 fj6. H 3 py6. ^OCTOHHCTFL BuOO^afiffle yTBCp- 

«aemaro 27 HOJrtJpji 1887 roaa otfpaaqji, HirhBonpiXT* 6un> hbtotob- 
meBUMH Ha^HHaa c& 1895 roaa, cflfcaaeH criwyMtfa H9n4HeHui: 
BenaejieBoe H9o6paaBeme Hhbhs bt> Boot no^HBinaro Toeyxapa Hrae- 
paTopa he 6iuieTarL otiom* BmneysasaHHUxi ^octohhctb*, — (pac- 
noioaceHHoe: Ha 1 py6. 6werb — Bt HeftajftOErb, no cpejnirfc iqraBofi 
hhhih HBo6paaeeHHapo Ba (fejeri nopma, a ea 3 py6. 6uerb — bt, 
64jomt> nprrb, &a^t» rocy^apcrBeHHHirb rep6oin>, noMinjeHHinrB «b 
aajoft aprt nopTHKa),— 3aMineH0 B6fl9eje»rL hhh£ 6aaranaiyrao 
qaperayvniaro Toey^ape HmiepaTopa Hhkojhui n, b, ceeprt eero, 
Ha 6Hjerfc 1 py6. aocroHHCTBa ysopB, cocraBJu^omjul <£oht», h* boto- 
pors pacnoxoae&ra HmepaTopcKitf BeKsexb, aajrfeHWi j^pyrMrt, (So- 

I*e CB&TJH1TB. 

O ceM5> Mmmcrpi* ^raancomb, 31 Mapra 1895 r., xoHecs IIpaBH- 
YejR>cnryx>m,eMy Oesary, npicoMKynHBi, oto aepBOBawnfioe oiraca- 
Hie 1 pytf. h 8 py6. BpexHTSHxi ftueven osnaieiEHapo o6paan;a 
6iuo pacny6jHKOBaHo bt> XN> 92 h 21 co6pama yauoHwii ■ pacao- 
pmeHifi HpaBirrexbcvBa sa 1889 tor** 

27 Man A* 86. 

624» 06b yineepondemu pcmaea JxHionepucuo o&qecmea eaumo- 
cmpoumeAbHuxb u Mexauuneemxb saeodtm *&eHmcc7> u . 

28 ma J* 87, 

625. 09b mtommnxb npieMa ry6epHcimMmuo6AacmHHjmKadHa* 
seucmeaMu, a paeno Ct/MCKUMb u IfapityMHCKUMb 7fb3dtmMu kosh*- 
MefommMU, pocci#cw& 30A#mou Monemt* sb yn*mmy wcymaoeb: Cb ma- 
6ana, cb caxapa u Cb ocewmumeAbHuxb HefinuiHHbixi macAb. 

626. O HaSHOMeHW nypca fa* npiem 30Aomoti Monemt* eb pnMtny 
ammoffb: Cbma6am Cb caxapa u cb ocenmmneM^mxb n&fimMHHMXb 
Mocxby na epemx Cb 1 %whh 1895 toda no 31 aem/cma nuno me toda. 

30 Mafl N 88. 

627. 06b omsyofcdeniu 3eMeAb, nompeSnbixb dA* coopyotceniH Cmn- 
mmcnmo nc&msdnato ngnw. 

s. »pM- 06m. kh. vu 1895 r. 10 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CXLH — 

* 

628. coiAacoeaniu cm. 148 ycmaea tocydapcmeeHuaw fauna a> 
Bt*co*a&we ymeepoicdeHHHMb, 8 man 1895 toda, Mun»nieMb rocydap- 
cmeeHHano Coetma o cdiMxaxb, saKMonaeMuxb na poccMcfcyio wao- 
myio Moncmy. 

rocyaapcTBeraHft CoBira MHfbuieMb noAootcuAv. 

Bt> BH^ax-L corjacoBaHia ct. 148 Buco^afime yTBepay«,eHHaro, 
6 irora 1894 r., ycraBa rocyaapcTBeHHaro 6amta ct> BHCOTafime yr- 
BepacAeHHHMt, 8 mm cero ro^a, MffhmeMi, rocyjapcTBeHHaro CoBfrra 
o crfuKaxi, sa&inqaeHHX'L Ha poccificKy© 30Jory» MOHery, nocraHO- 

BHTt, HTO flenOBHTHHfl KBHTaHB^H npHHHHaDTCfl BaSHOI) HapaBH* CI 
pOCCifiCBOK) 3010TOK) M0H6T0K) BO BCfc !LiaTe*H, npOHBBO^CTBO KOHXT. 

paspjuneoo m> sojotoS MOHeT*. 

Ero HfluiepaTopcKoe BeisraecTBo BOcnocjr&AOBaBinee MHime vb 
06m,eMi> Co6pamH rocyjapcTBeHHaro CoB*Ta 15 Maa Buconatinie 

yTBepAHTb COHSBOIFLTB H nOB&rkrB HCHOJIHHTB. 

629. nonuotceniu maMOdtcennou nouuuuu na noAy-onmyenHHii 

6UHHU& KdMeHb. 

630. npedocmaejieniu otceAfb3HMMb dopoiaMb npaea npou3eodumib 
naipy3Ky u empy3tcy moeapdeb ceouMu cpedcmeaMU* 

631. pacnpocmpanenw Ahwmu no SemouutmnoMy oCpamnoMy 
npueosy MtbtUKoe*, eHee3eunuxb 3a tpanuuy cb omnycKHUM* 3epnoeuM% 
XAtbOoMb, na Mtbtufcu, eueo3UMue cb HtbKomopuMu dpytuMu ceAbCKO-xo- 
3HucmeeHHUMu npodytcmcunu. 

632. 06b usMtbneuiu ycmaea n <fkrfpu%no-4nopu>eato moeaptme- 
cmea P. Keaepb u K°. eb Moacetb*. 

633. pa3pmueniu K6 eunycny 4 e /o tapanmupoeannato npaeu- 
mcAwmeoMb o6Amauionnato Kanumam othtfecmea MocKoecKO-Ka3ancKOvl 
o/c. d. na 7.500.000 p. nped. napm. 

634. doseoAeniu AcmpaxancKOMy topodcKOMy o6u^ecmeennoMy 
Sauxy npou38odum\ npoMtb po3pfbtueHuuxb eMy onepawii, ewfe wwro- 
mopux dpytin. 

635. 06b u3MfbHemu ycmaea JIpoamewo-KocmpoMCKato 3eMeAh- 
nato 6aum. 

636. paapnweniu flnnnpoecnoMy ynadnomy cmedy omnpueamb 
3acfbdaH%H eb m. Xaxoentb. 

687. paaptbtueniu lucmonoAbCKomy ytb3dnoMy Cbtb3dy omxptn- 
eamb 3acihdania eb c. MaMweoetb, Kasancnou ty6epmu. 

638. npaeuAazb nepeeo3m no weAtb3HHMb dopotaMb %py3oeb cb 
naccaoicupcKUMu nonadoMu; o paseumiu cmamw 8 odutato ycmaea 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cxLm — 

Focciuctcuxb otceAfb3HUXb dopm u 06b omMtbHtb: npaetub nepeeo3Ku \py- 
3oeb eb nacccboicupcKuxh wmsdaocb eb eudtb 6ataotca u ycAoeM dA* nepe- 
9030Kb no MeAn»3Ht*Mb dopotaMb MocxoecKO-HuotcetopodcKou u C.-IIe- 
mep6ypio-Bap%uaecKou u enmeu en do IIpyccKOu zpanuw*. 

689. donoAueuiu npaeuAb o cponaxb docmaem %py3oebnootceA. 
dopoutMb (o&bMAeHHtAXb npu nocmauoejieuiu Munuempa nymeu coo6- 
mmJi, vrm 26 mapma 1891 *., 3a M3822J. 

640. npaeuAOXb natpy3Ku u eutpy3tcu nepeeosuMuxb no otceAfb3- 
Hbua dopotaMh tj>y3oeb. 

1 iMMm & 8». 

641. 06b ymeepofcdeniu ycmaea n moeajnn^ecmea Katunepoecmto 
ceexAOcaxapnato meoda*. 

642. 06b ymeepotcdemu ycmaea 9 Topzoeo-npoMt*uiAeHHaw o6u+e- 
cmea nesamnaw npou3oodcmea u . 

648. 06b ymeepotcdeniu ycmaea n Pyccnato odufecmea 6a* npou3- 
eodcmea cmoAtuuxh nepi»eeb tt . 

644. 06b ymeepotcdeniu noAootcenin o Kommucau no dn>MMb pttcu- 
cmato cnopma. 

646. pcuMtbptb npedcmoxiqaio eb 1895 tody npusnea noeo6paH- 
uceb na dtbucmeumeAbnyio eoenuyio cAyotc6y. 

646. 06b yeeAUHeuiu, cb 1895 *., npedurma na npotoHH unyme- 
etM usdepouxu u o6b omnyctctb edunoepeMenHou cyMMU na nonpumie 
nepepacxoda 3a npeotcnce epeMH. 

647. npaeaxb na nenciu u eduMoepeMennwi noco6i* ynumeAeu 
wkoaz o6utecmea eo3cmano6A€Hvi npaeocAaenaw xpucmiancmea na 
KaeK03tb. 

648. 06b ynpeotcdemu ToMcmto mpyxa nymeu coo6uteni* " o6b 
ymeepotcdeuiu lumama ceto onpyta. 

649. 06b ynpeo/cdeuiu doAotcnocmeu oKOAomonntAXb HadmpumeAeu 
eb topodfb Acmpaxanu. 

660. 06b ymeepotcdeniu tumama KaAyotccmw topodctcaw nojiuiteu- 
ckow ynpaeAeni*. 

651. pa6omaxb 6ah yAymuenix BAaduKaeno3CK0u otceA7b3Hoti 
dopoiu 3a cnemb 3anacnato mnumajia. 

662. 06b ycmanoeAeniu eb noAt3y i. IlaeAoipada c6opa cb ipy3oeb. 

668. 06b ynpasdneniu C.-IIemep6ypieKou coxpaunou koshu u o6% 
u3MfbH€niu ynpaeAeuM C.-IIemep6yptcK0H> ccydnoto Ka3HOto. 

10* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— oxuv — 

rocyjapcTBeHHui Confer* M§mm»M% noAooKtu*. 

L C.*Qerep6yprtttyi> coxpaHHy© xasny ynpasxHStt ct> 1 \x>xa 
1805 ro.ua, safitjHBaHie «e HaxojpiBinHMttCH bt> BAflfcHia oho ft #b- 
jaMH Bosjosftffc aa oco(5ettHyD Kaaijejrapix> no Kpejparaofi racw. 

' II. npexocraBBTB MHHHCTpy ^HHaHCOBx onpe^LiHTL nopa.noK'L 
nepeaaiH #kn» coxpaHHoft KasHtf Bt ocotfeHHyro Kamje-mpiH) no Bi>e- 
AHTUOft qacrn. 

HI. Bt> HSM^HeHeme cr. 3 noaoaeHia o ccy^HMXT* KasHaxi (pa.3*. 
IX ycr. Kpe*., cbo.5. saK. t. XI, ^. n, H3fl. 1893 r.) nocTaHOBHTL: 
ynpaBjeBie C.-IIeTep6yprcBoto ccyjHOK) KasHOK) Bo&iaraerca Ha o^HorO 
hst> weaoBt coBiTa rocyaapcTBemaro 6aHKa ott> MHHHCTepcTBa 
(f^HHaHCOBi, HasHa^aeuaro a^a cero BucoqaflnieK) BjacTMD, no npej- 

CTaBJieHitt MHHH(5Tpa <|>HHaHC0B'L. 

IV. HoJoaeHie o coxpamoft Kasfffe (pas*. VIII ycT. Kpe^., cboa. 
saB., t. XI *. II, hsj. 1893 r.) nepeHMeHOBaTB b-l „npaBHja o safl- 
MaXT>, 6iIBinHX'B Bt Bi^HiH coxpaHHHXt KaseffB*. 

V. OraTLH 1—20 osHa^OHHaro nojoaema (otj. IV) otm4hhti». 

VI. BsaMiirB CTaTefi: 23, 28, 37, 43, 46, 52, 53, 60—63, 66 h 
67 Toro »e nojo»ema nocrahoBHTb cxfe^pomia npaBHja: 

1) 3aenB^«BH bhocot* luaiesii bo aafoiairK, 6\ssBawh vh B$>xb- 
Hin coxpaHHHXx saseHi nasi. Gpo^Hwe,TaKi>HCBepxcpo^H«e(y?r. 26) 
b% ry6epncKifl uh yfagHH* KasHa^eficTBa aih fb y?pe&A6Hui rocy- 
^apcTBeHHaro (Sana* cl nojryieHieirB na MeceH&ira cyHMu: ycraHOB- 
jieHHux'B BBHram^fi. Do^po6Huft pacwr* BoeoeHHoi oyiMiH,<» ysar 
aaHiera goctohhui AOJira* BMCMjaerca oco6e«Hox> Bamj&uipiex) no 
KpeAHVHoft ^•cm saeMn^flcy no liicTy HaxottAemA npraa*ae»affl(aiy) 
eHy HMima ran no MtcTy ero acHTeiBCTBa, ecjra nocji^Hee hm*b yBasaao. 

2) Bt> ciywum^ 0BHa^eH&ux% bi cTaTbt 35, ooetiefiHa* Ramje- 
xapia no KpeAHTHoft lacrn HeMe^ieiao «oo6ataen b* irhcTHoe ryfopn- 
csoe npa&ieme: 1) o BaariH hm&hui bt> onexy h 2) 06% otipantemn 
Ha nonojHeme ao-ira MorymRXx nocTynHTb aoxojosx cz> hh4jhui, aa 
jHCRjTOTOHi^rB JHBtt opt** noTpe*HHXT» w* yaiatii HOxaTefi h xpy- 
rnxt noBHHHOCTeft. Dpn btomi bum cocTaBMerca OH&Ck h on;$flKa 
iM*eia, ea o6m;em ocHOBaHin, hjh rjtJeproaoMy HpaB^emiD n^>e,naeT- 
ch cym,ecTByromaH ohhcb cb oi^tmw>K>, KoropaA, v& ciy^a* hw6- 
hoctH) no Tpe6oBam» ooo6eHHot BaHi^einpiH no KpexHT&od tocth, 
HOXBepraimui uoeipKi Ha m*ct*. 

3) Ohhcb imtek e% on^awm, no ywari tojqo«ish hot »ocjrh 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CXLV — 

npojajtH HwlHifl, OTCHiaerca ,pa xpaHeHLa, h» eaysaft hoboA ra Heft 
na^o6HOCTH, bt> oeotieHHyio Kanijejapir* no KpexnTHoft tooth. 

4) HpocpoTOHHHa HMimji npoAaDTca fl otfmeycraHOBJieHHHe wi 
ToproFL aa HejBHSHMua miymecTBa cpoBH (cr. 267 noroa. o bshgb. 
rpasfl., cbo*. sax., t. XVI, q II, hs^. 1892 r.). 

5) IIpoAaaa npocpoTOHHHX* Huimft nporoBOflKrea rytiepHCBHMH 
npaBiemflMH h yis^HUMH nojraqefieBHMH ynpaaiemjMH, no npHHafl- 
jeaHOCTH (ct. 221, 222 h 224 no*, o bsiiok. rpa«A M cbo*. saK., t. 
XYI, ?. n, H3^. 1892 r.) c* co&no£eHieMi> npirroirB oco<5hxt> npa- 
bhxb, yeraHO&ieHHHTb w npo^aara npocpoTOHHUxi mriraif , no 
aaftMavB, 6ussBBWb vb KfmimH eoxpaHHuxx Rasen (ot^. IT). Bi> 
ciyaafc h*ao6hocth, npojana noaen> 6htl nepeHeceM, no ooraa- 
meHiD MHHHcapoBx $HHaHCOBi> h BHjTpeHHRX'B #6xb, fb rytiepiiCRoe 
npaBjeme, Haxo^meeca bt> oahoA hs* ctoje^i, hjh bt> BasoH'B jh6o 
h» Haa6ojie HaceieHHHX'B ropojOBt. 

6) y^peawHie, npoHBBO^n^ee npoaaay, ofmaao o BpexeHH n ut- 
eri* npexnojoaseHHaro Topra HSBimaTt .rajx, HMiDnpnrb saKia^Hua 
spftnoeis na npo^anaeMoe HirfiHie, no artery »arejn»CTBa chxt> jhh,i,, 
ecu ohh ooo&qfUH 06% ohobtl oco66hho3 KaHU,ej*piH no Kpe^HTHofi 
laens ora y^peajeHii), HpoH8BO^am;eMy npojaay. 

7) Hitiurie ocBofioawaeTCfl or& npowzH, ec-ra *o 11 *acora yTpa 
Kb A6HB Topra yqpeajemro, nporaBOjameiiy iry&iHTOyiD npo^axy , npej- 
CTasjeHH joKasaraiBcraa o nocji^oBaBineM'B BHeceniH npocposeHHoft 
cymiH. 

8) IIpoAasa, npoH3BexeHnaa caMBMi rySepHCKHMt npaBiemean* 
hjok yiajmnrt nojraneftCKHMx ynpaBjiemeirL, yraepamaerca ryflepH- 
cram npeBjemeMx, bo tojbko bt> tomt> cxy^ai, ecra Ha Topraxt 
npe&ioaeHa i$Ha ho mohAo cyMMH, noKpHBai>nefc BSiiQKaHia, yKasaH- 
Bus vl or. 295 noio». o bshcb. rpaam. (obo,*. saa., t. XYI, *. II, 
H3A* 1892 r.), Aoin> no aaftaiy, 6uBmeiry bt> Bi^femn ooxpaHHoft 
KaaHH, ct> HexoHMsaBiH h ^pyrHMH npHTOraronjiimea no OHony nja- 
TexaMH h npoH3Be^eHHUMH 3a cqen> saeMopaea paexo#aiai, bc4 eyioni, 
o6eene l 9eHHiija[ sajforoBiivB npaBOMi, bt> nonsy rocyAapcTBenHaxt 
KpexHTHHXi. ycTaHOBjemfl hjh rocyxapcrBOHHaro BasHaTOftcraa, a 
Taxse rt H3i> npoiHn» xojtobt>, KOTopue, no 8aK0wy, noiBsyvTefl 
ctbpmhhctbomt> nopo^ BaHHMi xk6o hsx o6e3ne?6HHHn> 8axoromb 
AOjetobtl ynoKSHynufB ycTaHOBjeHiiiMT> hjh xadnrfa. 

9) Ecjih BTopn^Hue Topra He cocTosTca hjh Ha hhxi npe^iogscna 
6jMjem n^Ha, ne noKpHBa»in;aff TpetfyeioirE cr. 8 cyiorb, to hrh9- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CXLYI — 

crpy (|)HHaHCOBT» npeaocraBjaerca mh yTBepaHTb Topra sa npe&ioaceH- 
Hyro i$Hy, elih o6paTim> sajoseHHoe HM*me wk Ka3Hy. Bt nocxt,*- 
hbitb cjy^ai Harhaie ocTaBjaerca sa sasHOK) bt» cyMirh, noKpuBaD- 
njefi BBHGKaHia, yKasajraua bt> ct. 295 noioa. o bshcb. rpaam. (cboj. 
saK., t. XVI, q. n, H3A. 1892 r.), h aojn-B n o saftiiy, tfuBmeiiy bt> 
Biflimft coxpamoft KaaHH, ct HeaoHMKaitH h apyrmH npHroraio- 
ngniHca no oHOMy oiaTexaMH h npoHSBeaeHHHMH sa cien> saemoiHRa 
pacxoAaara, a ecra Ha Topraxi 6aja apej^roseHa i$Ha Bume 9T0ft 
cyMMti, — to bl ceft nocrfiAHeft itfiHi. 

10) B*b cjyqat yraepameHia npo^asH, rytfepHCKOe npaBjenie pac- 
nopaaiaeTca cyMMoio, BHpyieHHOK) sa npoaaHHoe HMime, Ha o6mean» 
ocHOBaHiH, npn newb HSi Hea nospuBaixrca npes^e Bcero BSucsaHia, 
ysasaHHua b* ct, 295 hoj. o bshck. rpaam. (cboj. sas., t. XVI, n. 
II, H8#. 1892 r.), h jsQXTh no saflMy, 6tiBmeMy vb B-fetf&HiH COXpaH- 
HOft KaSHH, Vb He^ORMKaMH H jpyTHMH npHHHTaftiqHMHCa HO OHOMy 

njraTeacaMH h npoHSBeaeraHira sa crart 3aeMnpiBa pacxoaam. 

VII. Bt> HSMiHeme craroH 29 nojoacema o coxpaHHofi sasHi (pas*. 
VIII ycr. Kpej.; cboa. saK., t. XI, *. II, hsj. 1893 r.) nocraHOBHTt: 

HagnncB Ha sajoroBoirL CBH^TejibCTBi o6i> ynjarfe jojra h ocbo- 
(Sos^eniH mrima on> sajora noflHHCHBaerca f a^rpeKTopoMT> hjh bhug- 
^HpeKTopoMi» oco6ohho& EaHi^ejapin no KpejHTHoft qacra h Ha?a*B- 
hhkomt> nojjiesamaro oTa&jema ohoS h CKpfenjaerca 6yxrajrrepoiri>. 

VKL IIpHMi^aHia 1 h 2 kt> ct. 37 nojoaema o coxpaHHoft Kasiri 
(pas,*. Vm ycT. Kpej., cb. saK., t. XI, a. n, hsa. 1893 r.) ocraBHTB 

Vb CHjfe. 

IX. OrnycsaTb esero^HO, HaroHaa cb 1 aroapa 1896 r., cobho- 
cemeirL bt> noAJresamja cbtSth: 1) Ha fliuonpoHSBoacTBO ocotieHHoft 
KamjejapiH no Bpe^HTHofi tocth no ccyaaarB, 6uBmnMT» wb BijiHin 
coxpaHHUxt BaseHi>, — no mecTHawaTH TucaYB narncorB py6jefi h 
2) Ha ycRieme ope^cra** rytfepHCRHxrs h yksflHuxi, KasHaieitcTB'L — 
no jb4 thchto pyfaeft; bt> Texyn^eifL ace roxy pacxoftu no nepBony 
npeAMGTy, — Vb Ro-nreecrB* bocbmh THOiTO^yxcoTinaTHjecaTH pytijrefi, 
h no BTopoMy, — vb kojhtoctb* o^Hofl THca^H pyfaeft, no pac^ery 
BpeiieHH ci> 1 ima 1895 r., a Taxace BusiroaeMufi ynpas^Hemein, 
C.-UeTep6yprcKott coxpaHHoft KasHu e^HHOBpeifeHHufi pacxo^i b*b 
EOJranecTBi Tpext thchtb pyfijefi, oTHecrn Ha Kpe^rrL, accnrHOBaH- 
HHft no § 3 x^flcTByDn^efi cutoru oco6eHHofi KaHnejapiH no Kpe^HT- 
HOfi nacTH. 

X. Tbx% H3i> cjyatamnn, Bt C.-IIeTep^yprcKoft coxpaHHoft Kasfft, 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cxevh — 

koh He nojyHarc> npn saRpuTui ea HOBaro HaaHagema ocTaBHTL sa 
nrraTOsrB Ha o6meMi> ocHOBaHiH. 

Ero HMnepaTopcKoe BanraecTBO BocnocfbAOBajunee MHime wl 
06mfim> Cotfpamn TocyxapcTBeHHaro CoBiTa 2 Max Bucoqaftme 

JTBepAHTB COHSBOJnWTB H HOBar&TB HCnOJHHTB. 

~ 654. 06b yMenuuemu ocnoeuato nanumoAa „Cu6upcmw MemaAAy- 
pumecmio u topnato o6utecmea a . 

655. 06b u3MibueHiu ycmaea n moeapuu§ecmea AbnonpxduAbHou u 
noAomuHHuou <fia6pwcu nac/itbdnuKoeb flxoea rpuOanoea cttnoeeit*, 

656. paepmuemu o6utecmey PHsaHCKO-YpoAhCKOtt otceAfb3nou 
dopotu npomeecmu padomu no yaeMweHvto npoeo3ocnoco6nocmu u yjiyn- 
utenho yHacmna Pfi3aHt>-Cupamoeb. 

657. npuceoeniu KanumaAy eb 300.000 py6., co6panHOMy no 
nodnuctctb MoctcoectcuMb Eup&ceeuMb o&uteemeoMb u xynenecKUMb cocao- 
eiej*b, HCMMenoeanin ^(fioHdb Hmchu TocydapH HMnepamopa Aack- 
candpa Illy o6pa30WHHHu MocnoectcuMb moptoeb-npoMuiuAeHHHMb co- 
CAoeieMb", u o6b yHpeotcdeniu eb AAencandpoecKOMb KOMMepnecKOMb ynu- 
Miupb 30 nocmoxHHbtxz cmunendiu Hmchu rocydapn HMnepamopa A Aetc- 
candpa III 6ah npuxodxiyuxb yneumoeb nedocmamoHHato cocmonuix, 

658. 06b yne6noMb c6opn> eb 1895 tody eb flu6aen> u Ceeacmo- 
noAfb Autyb) saHucAetiMAXb eb 3anacb (pAoma no 64 cm. ycmaea o eoun- 
atou noeuHHOcmu. 

659. 06b ynpeoicdeHiu deyxb noetAOCb doAomnocmeu HAenaeb CuM<fie- 
ponoAtcKOMb onpyotcnoMb cydtb u ynpaadneuiu no odnou doAotcnocmu 
HAena eb oKpyotcnuxb cydaxb: BoponeoiccKOMb u KaaancKOMb. 

660. npodAeniu cpona dig co6panin ocuoenato Kanuma.ia »To- 
eaptttqecmea 06yxoecnou cyKounou Many0anmypu u . 

661. do360Aemu CapamoecnoMy topodcnoMy o6wficmemnoMy 6auny 
npou36odumb npomtb po3pmueHnuxb emy onepauiii eute HtbKomoptM 
dpytifi. 

662. 06b u3Mfbueuiu ycmaea MocKoectcato Meotcdynapodnaio mopto- 
eato 6aum. 

668. 06b u3Mibnemu ycmaea UpocAaecno-KocmpoMCKaw 3eMeAb- 
nato 6anm. 

664. do3eoAeniu IlaeAoipadcKOMy topodcnoMy o6u^ecmeeHHOMy 
6auKy npou3eodwnb, Kpo.utb paxpmuenmAXb eMy onepauiii, eute noAy- 
neme nAameotceiH no eenceAjiMb u dpytuMb cponuwMb doKyMenmaMb u 
npouenmnuMb 6yMaiaMb, nepedaea^MHMb 6anny. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cxirrai — 

655. Ofo ymeepmdmiu yoma&a C. nemep6yp*ctco-Ad06cmu> Kqm- 
MepnecKaio fauKa. 

666. Ofo ymeepxcdeniu npasuA% a 80 cmunendiaxb Emchu Ibcy- 
dapA Ejmepatnopa AAencandpa III, ynpemdenHtAXb npu AAetccandpoe- 
acoMb KOMMefHecKOMb yHujwupb na npotteumu cb n <fionda HMeuu JTocy- 
dap* Hjmepamopa AteKcandpa III, o6pa3omuna%o MocKoecxum mop- 
loeo-npoMbiuueHHUMb cocAoeieMb*. 

667. Ofo ofoMA&m Mtbcmnocmu no 6ep&y BtbAaio mopn M&tcdy 
MHCOMb Tffpiu u HoAheumou %y6ou ceo6odnoK> 6ab Hacmnaio topnato 
npojmcM. 

668. donoAneuiu npamm nepeeo3fcu no otceAfb3HUMb dopouuwb 
tpyaoeb eb Hoecwtcy. 

3 bona JW 91. 

669. Ofo omnyotedemu im eAadnm* KHS3eU Op6e*4am u dsopum 
lanunoeuxh 3&M&tt>, eb KOAUHecmeth 1516 decsmum 99 Keadpamutaxb 
caotccm, nod* noceAenie KOAOuucmoeb EmmepuneHtfieAbda, Tu^aucckoU 
ty6epniu. 

670. Ofo omHyotodeniu U3b wcmnato BAodtbuvi deyoc* mopiovb 
3CMAU nodb nocmpoUny 3danin Sah SaKpotceecKOti maMOO/cennoO 3acmaeu. 

671. 06b omMyotcdeniu 3€MeAb, nompe6nuxb 6am ycmpoikmea Te&- 
Hoecmto nofofbaduato nymu. 

672. Ofo omvyofcdehiu joue**, tumpetintAXb 6m coopyotcenti Boao- 
lodcKO-ApxameAbCKoH Auniu u nepecmpoum SpocAoscKO-BoAmodcKou 
oiceAtb3no# dopow. 

678. 06b o6AOOfceniu 5°/ c6opom doxodoeb omb enAodoeb, eno* 
cimwcb eb 6amupcKiji 3asedeuui u MtbHXAbrtbut Aaem. 

rocy^apCTBeHHttft cob4ti MHtbtrieMb noAOOtaub: 

L Bi> ^onojHeme ir. 1 e*. 455 ycT. o npjm. Hai. (cb. bar. t. V 
H8fl. 1893 ro#a) noOTaHOBM&: 

ft C6op* ct> ^oio^obti orb xeHeatHiro KanrauoB'fc Bwntaerci, b-l 
paswipi nffra npoijeflroBi., ct» a^Wb^ AoosaBuenux'E BUiuaiia 
Ha Tesymjift c?erc> h .npyrmra npoi^eHTHmm Bua^aMH, BHeceaauiui 
bt> 6aHBHpcBUi aanmemff h wkmaXbwiM. iaBSH tt . 

II. B*b cr. 459 Toro ace ycraBa nocji ciofb: B Epe^HTHiw yipe- 
xzem&* xotiamrrB cjoba: „6aHBHpcKia BABejemji h whwtMhVun jnuttH". 

ID. Hacroam;ee ysaKOHeaie bbccth bt> ^ficraie cb 1 hoi* 1895 r«, 
DoxTOmB* ofaostmi) bt> paaiiipt hath npoqeHTOB* bc4 npatocH- 
iiue BHineynoiwHyTHMB bkjmamh (qtj. I) ^oxo^w, cpoa* Bu^a^H 
sohtl Hacryiuin cb oeaa^eHHaro BpeMOHB. 

Ero EimepaTopcBoe BejH^eerso BocfiocjiA«BaBaee MB*Hi© b% 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CXDTX — 

o6m x ewh cotipamn rocyjaperBeraaro cob*ts 22 na& BHCOvafime 
yroepftHTb cohsbojhjb h noBariunb hciiojhhti>. 

674. doseoAemu HuKOAaeeacoMy topodcKOMy o6 / tyecmee*HOMy 
6amy npotmodwni npoMfb paaptbiueuHuan eMy oneptumH me mato- 
rnopu* dpyri*. 

6 iiOHfl M 82. 

675. 06b ornnyotcdemu *b co6cmeeHHOcmh noam* ynacmica 3eMAu 
ncfrb nocmpoiiKy na3apj*b 6aum wpoda $9600, Bojwmckd# ty6epniu. 

676. 06b ynpeoicdemu doAo/cnoemu nucbMeHHtuo nepeeodnwca npu 
BtbpneHCKOKb topodcicoMb noMtyeitcKom ynpaeAeniu. 

677. 06b ymeepotcdeniu noAootcema u xumama To6oAhcxou owen- 
ckou meuecMbiio~</5eAhdiuepcKOJi wkoaw. 

678. CMimm u pactcAadmb aeMCHHOCb noeunnocmeu TypKecmm- 
acaw npcm na 1895 w&b. 

679. 06b ymeepoiedemu umama </kAwhuepcKO# whom* npu Kpon- 
utmadmcKOMb xtopcicom tocmmwum. 

680. 06b ycnumoeAemu mpcmeAhHt*x% npaeuxb, msbteaeMUXb 
RbHCKOK) ncHmomo KOHsenui&o. 

rocyAapcTBOHHiifi coBfrr* MMbHtem tWAOOtcuAi: 
I. Grai*» 555 yjoa. hsk. yrojOBHHxi h HcnpaBHTejn>HHXi>, 
HS^aHis 1885 r., saM^HHTB urbxyiompxa nocraHOBjemaMH: 

Or. 555. „BHHOBHiift vb now^jK* pocciftcraxT* hjh EHocTpaH- 
HHxt 3HasOFz» noTTOBoft onjara, a paBHO bt> nepe^fejrci chx-l 3Ha- 
KOBTb w« npHWHitf ohhitb BHcmaro ^ocTOHHCTBa, 6yjeTaK0Baa: noa- 
xixiw. hjmt nepeafriKa ymraeHa ct i$jtlk) ynoTpefaema hjth BiinycBa 
bt> o6paH^eme nowluiaHHHX'L hjh nepe^jaHHux^ 3HaK0Bx sa Ha- 
erroamie, noABepraercn, csepxi OTotfpama ynoMjrayTHX'L BHaKOBt h 
opyjpft htb H8roroBJieHia: 

jramemi) Bcixr> oco6eHHHXt jetcho h no eocToaHiro npncBoeH- 
hhxt> npaBt h npenuymecTBt h cchjuc* b-l o^Hy hst> OT^ajieH- 
hhxi ryfiepnift, Kpoirfe Ch6hpcrhxt>, hjh BaiUD^emio bx TropBarfc 
no o^Hoft H8te» CTeneHeft CTaitH 33 cero yjoaema; 

HOT SaBJDD^eHUO BT> Tttpwrfl HO OflHOft H81 CT6n6H6fi CT. 38 

cero yjooeHifl. 

Tony se HaKasami) no^epraerca bhhobhhS b% ynoTpe&ieHhi sa 
bmcwoxjbjA 8JEB bt> c6urh 3aBifl0M0 nowkiaHHaro hjh nepeflijaH- 
Hflro poeciicxaro Hjra HHocrpaHHaro 3Hana no i iTOBoft onjara. 

OnpefttaeHHoe Bume HaKasasde yBara^HBaercji orelo** mm wyma 



Digitized by 



Google 



ssw 



— CU — 

creneHJUiH, bt> cjiyqai coBepmemLa osHa^eHHUxx bt> cefl cran/ii npe- 
CTynHLixt #fcaHifi bt> bh#& npoMHCJa". 

Or. 555 1 . a BHHOBHHfl vb ynoTpefaemn 8a Haaroamift mra bt> 
c6urt w TaKOBaro ynoTpediema poccificsaro hjih HHocTpaHHaro 
3HaKa no^TOBOft oMara, Ha KoeMi, aafiiflOMo w BHHOBHaro, jhhtto- 
seHU npnsHaKH ero noramema, noflBepraerca, CBepxi> OTofipania 

CHXX 3HaKOBT>: 

apecTy Ha Bpeiw ort Tpexfc HetffejEB ao Tpexi M*cjmeBi> tt . 

n. Hhh*b fliftcTByromyro craTMo 555 1 Toro ace yjoaema hom*- 
cthtb BCJ&Kh sa npoeKTHpoBaHHOio CTaTtei) 555 * bt> BH^i craTbH 555*. 

Ero HMnepaTopcKoe BejnrceerBO Bocnoc-rfcflOBaBinee MErhaie wb 
o6iu,eMT> co6pamH rocyaapcrBeHHaro coBiTa 8 ataa Bucoqaftme yTBep- 

flHTb COHBBOJrajrB H HOBejrfejTB HCnOJHHTb. 

681. 6e3notUMMH0Mb nponyctcfb npedmemoeb^ npueo3UMt*Xb usb 
UpuMopckou o6Aacmu MopeMb. 

682. po3pvb%ueniu onwutamb na euHOfcypeunuxb 3asodaxh cnupwb 
nyotcuxb 3aeodoeb^ 6esh oruiamu donoAHumeAbHMMb namenmnuMb c6o- 
poMb cnupma co6cm&eHHO# ewcypKu, nocmynawutaw na onucmny. 

683. 06b ynpeotcdeniu eb C.-IIemep6yp%CKOMb AAeKcaudpuncKOMb 
cupomcKOMb doMfb deyxb cmunenditt umchu edoet* KOAAeotccKaw comm- 
uuxa Eomme u o6b ymeepmdeniu noAOO/ceum o6b 03HaneHHbiax> cmu- 
nendifiXb. 

684. npuceoeniu HMnepamopctcoMy PoccitkKOMy HcmopuiecKOMy 
My3&o #b Mocfcm HauMeHoeauix ^HMnepamopcKui Pocci#C9ci# Hcmo- 
puHecniu My3e& 6b MocK&tb Hmchu HMtiepamopa AjwKcaudpa III U . 

685. npodaotctb iep6oewcb 6yMaiu u Mapotcb 9b eoAocmntAXb 
npaeAenifiXb TIepMCKOu zy6epmu. 

686. 06b tJ3MtbHemu yemasa Hmcewpodacato Kyneuecmto Sauna. 

687. npodaotctb iep6omxb 6y:miu u Mapotcb 6b eoAocmnuxh 
npaejieHMVb YfiuMCKou iy6epniu. 

688. 06b WMtbueniu § 14 dtbuemeymyuxb KonmpoAbnuxb npa- 
eujvb oGtqecnwb cmpaxoeamn otcu3nu n HbM-IopKb u i 9 Yp69m* u 

7 Ihhw M 93. 

680. 06b ocmaoAeniu orndtbAenix rocydapcmeeHuaio 6anna 6b 
topodfb UempoKoen,. 

690. SHnycKfb 4°/ 3aKAadht*xb Micmoeb rocydapcmeeHuaio 
deopxHcmto 3eMeAbnaw 6anna u wcydapcmeetmux* ceudn>me4tcme% 
KpecmbHHCKaio no3eMCAbHaio fauna. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CEI — 

Bucoiafime yTBepaEAeHHH»» 2 irora 1895 ro.ua nojoaemears eo- 
MHTeTa 4>HflaHCOBT>, Meatfly nponnirb, nocraHOMeHo: 

I. IIpeAOCTaBHTL rocy^apcTBeHHOMy ^BopaHCKOMy seMejbHOMy 6aHKy: 
1) BHnyocaTL fb cqen, paspimeHHHx* Bucoiaftme yTBeps^eHHUMx, 
5 HOfl6pa 1893 r., nojoaceHieMx KOMHTera ^HHaHCOBX sa&iaAHbix'L 
jbctofb Ha 60 mho. py6., ^exupexnpoueHTHiie jhcth Ha bck> cyMMy 
He Bfcinym;eHHLiXT> bx ofipameme 4V2% JHCTOBt h 2) pa nojyra- 
hw cpeACTBi* Ha BU^aiy ccyai Bt Te^eme 189 6 / 6 r.p., npoHSBecrn 
BtmycKt ^6Tupexnpoi;eHTHuxi» saKja^Hnxt jhctobt> Ha copoKB mhj- 
jrioHora py6jei. 

II. rocyaapcTBeHHHMt cBH,n4TejrBCTBaMi KpecTB«HCKaro noseMejib- 
Haro 6aHKa, koh fiyjjyrb Bnpe.ni> BunycsaeMH, npHCBOHwrt aoxo^i> 
vs> pasirbpi HerapexT* npon.eHTOB'L ro^OBux-L, paspinmBt, ci> t4mt> 
BvfccTi, HasBaHHOMy 6aHEy npoasBecTH bt» TeKymeMt 1895 roay bh- 
nycin, ero cbha^t&xlctbi, cBepxi* npe^yciiOTpiHHaro vb nojoseHin 
o cein> 6aHKi pa8M*pa, em,e Ha nan> mhxi1ohobi> pyfijefi. 

III. Yciobw BunycKa 4V*°/o 3a&«aflHHX'L jhctobt> ABopflHCRaro 
6aHKa h 4V2°/o CBHAiTejacTBt KpecTMHCKaro 6aHKa (Bucoqafime 
yrBepameHHua 9 orcrafipa h 4 aeKafipa 1892 r.) pacnpocTpamTt 
cooTBiTCTBeHHO Ha BunycKaeMUfl chmh GaHxaMH 4% 6yMarn. 

IV. PeajrasaijiK) 4°/o saKja.nHHX'B jhctobx ABopaHCKaro tiaraa h 
4°/ CBHA*TejiBCTBi KpecridracKaro 6aHKa npoH8BOAHTt ^pe3T» nocpe^;- 
ctbo rocyAapcTBeHHaro 6aHBa nopa.nKOM'b h Ha ycaoBiaxt, onpefli- 
xaeuuxT> mhhhctpomt> <J>MHaHcoBT», ct nepeAa^ero osHa^eHHuxB 6y- 
nan> TocyAapcTBeHHOsiy 6aHKy bt> arfepi ,j$icTBHTe.n>Hoft noTpefiHocra 
no&nesaniaro 6aHKa bt> HajraiHHX'B epe.HCTBax'B am bhwih ccy#&, 
no i$h4, ycTaHOBjaeMoft no BsanMHOMy ci> rocy,napcTBeHHHMT> 6aH- 
eomt> corjiameHiio, ex yTBepamemji MHHHCTpa <j>HHaHCOBT>. 

O TaKOBOMt BucoiafimeMt noBejrfjmH hhhhctp'l ^HHaHcoBx, 5 
i»Ha 1895 r., AOHec* IIpaBHTejBCTByBOD^eMy CeHaTy, pa pacnyfim- 
KOBaHia. — 

601. euKyntb Kmmanuiu cneuiaAWOsanacHaio (fiouda 6t48tuaw 
o6ujeemea esaumnaw no3eMejihnato tcpeduma. 

. 692. donoAneniu yemaea Kieeacaw iqpodctcaio Kpedumnato o6~ 
utecmea. 

603. 06% WMfbueniu yemaea Kieectcaio zopodacato o6mecmm 63auM- 
uaw npeduma. 



Digitized by 



Google 



ys&g. 



— cm — 

9 taoiui JW 94. 

694. 06% ynpemdemu doAotcfwcmunoMou^mmi apxumeimopa npu 
wma&tb omdthAMiaio nopnyca no%panuHHOii empaofcu. 

695. npuceoeuiu doAo/cuoemu noMoupiUKawpodcKato ctnapocmt* 
npae% no HUHonpomseodcmey u uotuemw myndupa. 

696. npueeoeniu K$afmupm$x% . dene%% dojumuocmu ynpaeAfito- 
utato xanyeAxpieto CmenHato ienepaji*-%y6epHamopa. 

697. npou36odcmm eoteetoduato noco6is u$% na3HH Tomckumi 

My3UmAWMMb KAOCCOMk. 

698. donoAHumeAhHOMb codepotcmiu lapdotcyucnoMy topodacoMy 
epany na hcmmi nepeeodvum. 

699. 06% usMtbHeniu ycmaea n Toeapu^ecmea eamppuno 3aeoda 
KopdeA€&fca u • 

700* npedocmaeAemu yspedumeAio n EoMnamu pyccnou Aibcno# 
mqpiOdAU* mpeaxoduunaxo cpona 6ah co6pamji nepeoti nacmu ocnoe- 
nato mnumoAa mMnaniu. 

701. 06% oc6o6ootcdeuiu om% nAameotca tocydapcmeeHwm neap- 
mupnaio naAOta e% 1895 tody auh%, epemenno npin>30tcam^ux% e% t. 
ftAmy, TaepunecKou \y6epn\u. 

702. 06% yee.xuHeniu ocuoenato mmmaAa odtyecmea BptMCKato 
peAhConpoKomHato, oveAtbSodtbAomeAbHato u MexanuneeKato aasoda. 

708. 06% omtqntmiu npu ynpaeAemu HuotoetopodcKaw ydtbAnmo 
oxpyu* doAOKHOcmu noMot^nuna dftAonpouseodumeAH. 

704. 06% omnpumiu npu ynpcL6Aetnfix% ydn>Abmtx% onpyum: 
EfMoemotecnaxo t* BoAatodeKcno no odnoA doAotcnocmu cmaputato An>c* 
Htntato. 

705. paspmueniu eeo3a numaticmxb *m6o*% no mopcnou tpa- 
nuutb e% npedn>AU PocciikKOu HMnepiu. 

706. paspibtaemu npiena 6memo#b Mockosckom Kynenecttato 
6amca na eneceHW*e e% ohhH deneofcmte 6e9cpoHtu*e eKAadt* napaem*, 
c% jjfLAUHHUMU deuttaMu e% 3a,A0%% no Ka3eHHHM% nodpadam u no- 
cmamaM% u e% o6e3nenenie nAameotca po3na\o poda anuusa. 

13 iioiu Ji 95. 

707. 06% omHyotcdeniu seMAu u uMyiqecnm, neo6xoduMux% 6ah 
coqpyofceuis noeott naccoacupcKoti, e% tqpodn, MocKm, cmauim 6aus% 
BAoduMipcmio tuocce. 

708. 06% omHyomdeniu 3eMAu u umy^ecrmb, mo6xoduMtAX% 6a* 
pactaupenui TyA%cmz% Macmepcfcux% u ycmpoAcmea nocmommmo npo+ 
doeoAbcmeeHuato nynnma npu cm. Tym. 



Digitized by 



Google 



_i_fc_ 



— cnn — 

700. 06b y(mipoii<mi6nmi3aKo^9a6<^KcuhCKatOKa3aHhmo eoucna, 
wpeceAuemuacA *» HpumopcKyio $6*acmi> Kb noAomuy YccypiucKaw 
yHocmm CuOupcnou 0fceAtb3Hou dopoiu. 

710. 06b fmmoejiemt* *t nOAwy %opoda Huucm c6opa cb npu* 
wsuMUXb u omm>3UMwn> no otceAVb3HO& dopom tpy3o&b. 

711. npaeaan edoffb u dttmeu ceepxcpoHHOCAyotcau^uxb nuotc- 
man, Huuo&b na noco6%e^ ewc/iyoiceHHoe uxb MyotebAMU u omvaMu. 

712. nencianfmsch npaeaxb WbKomopuxb doAOfcnocmnuxb Auv/b 
Puotcacaw uypodcnaxo peaAhnaw ynuAuuia. 

713. 06b ycmauoeAeuiu eb topodtb Fpodno c6opa a> co6am. 

714. 06b omeodtb 3eMeAbHUXb uadtbAoeb npuxodacuMb uepneaMb, 
mxodxm/uMCA na eAadtbAhnecKuxb 3eMAxxbebo6AacmueoucKa floncKaio. 

715. 06b otpanuneniu nodAednou eucmaexu axaunuxb u dpytuxb 
cma6Ht*xb Cfbmeu 6aa Aoea pta6u no meepnoMy 6epeiy Kacniucnaio 
mopx. 

716. npeo6pa3oeaHiu BopotcoMcnaio deyxKJUxccnaio nopMaAhumo 
yntMtttya &b WKOAy peMecAennuxb yneuuxoffb. 

717. noddepotcaniu u paaeedeniu dpeeecnuxb Hacaotcdeniu na 
depmaBb^ eecmoMtfum *» <mdoM&nen> Mumcmepcnm nyme8 oooSt^enui 
u euympeHHuxb dfbA*> 

718. npod*eHiu cp<Kadtbikm9iR6£mMHHx%npamA* nocmpou* 
meAhmv nacmu dUn nynoAbHWXb jmcmb np*6pembH Puotecnato saAuea^ 
MutpAHndcKOu ty6epniu* 

710. 06b ynpemdenw nosh ecmuh uMyutecmeoMb u dn>MiMu edoeta 
maunaw eoenmmtKa 6apoueccu B»peapH Koptfh oneKgmcKato ynpaeAenix. 

730. 06b ycmauoBAeum tiMvmw 9a Aenenie m> EAticaeemtmcKo# 
KAHHunecKou 6oAVHtwb 6a* MaA&mmnus&h dwme&. 

721. 06b mSaniu 2LI moMa mpemvno noAuato toGpanix sanonon. 

rocyftapcxBtHHiii ceKperapt yB&;apMH«», too oocTaaieHHKfi 6hb- 
jdhh'l Kaj&fywBNXGBBNWb ei^ioifL npH roeyaapcraeHHoara, covhrfe 
8 oxne^TaHKui hhb4 bx rocyjapcTBemoi THnorpa^in XI tobtb 
TpeTLAro no-raaro co6paHia saBOfiOBi>, saMimi&mjfl bi» ce6ft ysaKo- 
b6hja aa 1891 r., mmowamMme noBeprsyti rs-l HaBceMMOCTH- 
vb&mee ■oaaptaie flocyaapa HMneptwopa. 

Ero HittepauopcKoe BecnraeftrBO, oo4iaroBOJHBi» npmjm> 9R8eM- 
aaap-i, oasaieaHaro toh^ n 15 ae» Mas 1895 r., BHCoreafme 
ooaaBOJHjHB na BHeceme onaro b% flpa»OTej[&CTByiDinji CenaTfc a*ia 
o6HftpoxoBask. 



Digitized by 



Google 



_ CLIV — 

14 iMMM K H. 

722. Q6t> ymeepotcdeniu ycmaea ^OGt^ecmea fyeoAhCfcuxb nytyno- 
nAaetMbHMVb 3aeodoeb a . 

723. OGb ymeepotcdeniu ycmaea n IIepeato amionepnaio oGtyecmea 
nueeMamuHecKoU accenu3amu topodoe* u dpyiu&b nacejieHHtaxh Mtbcm- 
uocmeu PocciucKOu HMnepiu 11 . 

15 Iiom J* 97. 

724. Ofo omnycnrb Hjmepamopcnou anademu nayxb nocoGi* «a 
mdanie apxuenuxh doKyMeumoez XVI— XVIII eibncm. 

rocyaapcTBeHHNft coBirB MHtbHieM^ noAootcu^h: oraycEaTB H3T> 
rocyaapcTBeHHaro sasHa^efiCTBa, Bt Tenefide Tpexi jin>, naraHaa 
ct 1 aHBapa 1896 r., no den> muesHu py6aeft bi ro^ m> pacnopa- 
xeme HMnepaTopcEoft aKa^eMin HayK'B, Ha H3,a;aHie apxraHuxx aoEy- 
MeHTOBi XVI — XVHI BiEOBt, co BHeceHieM'L cero pacxo.ua Bt noj- 
jieatantfa HOApas^'kieHia CMira MHHHCTepcrBa HapoflHaro npocBimema, 

Ero HunepaTopcKoe BejnreecTBO BocnocxfeflOBaBinee irarfcHie bt> 
^enapTaMeHrfe Tocy^apcTBeHHofi bkohomjh rocy^apcrBeHHaro coBfcra 
8 acaa Bucoiafime yTBep^HTb coh3bojh.it> h noBeiiurb hchojhhtb. 

726. 06% ymeepotcdeniu wmama denapmaMetma ofuadnburb c6op<m. 
rocyjapcTBeHHHft cokbtb MHtbniejm noAootcuA%: 

1) DpoeKTL niTara AenapTaMeHTa oBJfa^Hux'b c6opoBt no^HecTH 
Kb BucoqafinieMy Ero HMnepaTopcsaro Be-uraecrBa yTBepaaeHiro h, 
no BOcnocxfcflOBamH OHaro, BBecrn Bt aiftcTBie. 

2) Hc^HCjeHHyi) no 03Ha^eHH0ny (ct. 1) nrraTy cymiy, wb pas- 
uripi ^Byxcora AeBaHOCTa aeBaro thcstl #ByxcoTi> jBajflaTH py6- 
jiefi eseroxHO bhochtl, Ha^HHaa ct> 1 aHBapa 1896 r., Bxnofljeaa- 
mia noflpaBfliaema pacxoflHofi CMira xenapraiieHTa oKJiajHHXt c6o- 
poBi>, pacxo£T> ate, norpe6HNfi bi> TeEymeart ro^y Ha coaepaame 
osHaqeHHaro ^napTaMOHTa, cboibko npHwerca co jra yroepsAeHia 
HOBaro nrraTa onaro, othocth Ha Morynjie ofipasoBaTtca ocraTsu on. 
EpewroBx, accHrHOBaHHHxt no §§ 1, 6, 7 h 10 pacxo^Hofl cm4th 
HasBaHHaro xenapTaMeHTa Ha 1895 ro^B. 

3) Tixt H8i ciysan^Hxi. hjhh4 bt> AenapTanteHTft oKja^uxt c6o- 

pOBT>, EOTOpue SaHHMaiDTl flO-MEHOCTH, H6 nOJIOSOHHUa HO HOBOMy 

nrraTy OHaro, h, ct> BBe^eHieirB cero nrraTa bt> xbficrBie, He nojiy- 

qarL HOBaro HasHaiema, ocTaBHTB 8a nrraTOMt Ha o6m,eMT> ochobahIh. 

Ero HimepaToppEoe BeraiecTBO Bocnocji^oBaBDiee MFBHie bt» 

o6m,eMT> co6pamH rocyaapcTBeHHaro coB^Ta 22 Haa Bucoqaflme yTBep- 

^HTL C0H3BOJMT> H nOBeJTBJTL HCUOJIHHTB* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CEV — 

7&6. 06b ymeepoicdeHiu ycmaea i&aCpuvHO-mopioeaw moeapu- 
npcmea 71' 0. HeMupoecniu u K**. 

727. Ofo ymeepoicdeHiu ycmaea (tfiyecmea 9H3eM*-Ka3euHCKou 
dopotu. 

728. Ataomaaft epeMeHHo-3acodcKUMb pa6omiMb u ccuAbHO-no- 
cueHnaMb, npueAeneuHtAMb Kb pa6amaMb na HuicoAaeecKOMb (Hpnym- 
ncou ty6epniu) 0iceMb3odfbAameAtHoqb 3aeodib, u cpoHHUMb, mwpeMnato 
pa3pxda, apecmanmaMb, pa6omawuiuMb na Cpedne-Cu6upcKoii oiceAib3- 
hoh dopwn>\ o npwAeHeuiu apecmanmovb u cctMbnuxb pamtuxb name- 
topiu na pa6omu no coopyo/cenifo Ctbeepuo- YccypiucKOUy AMypctcou u 
3a6aiiKaAbCKOu otceAfb^nuxb dopotb u o&b ynpeotcdeniu doAQicHOcmeu scm- 
cnuxb 3acfbdam€Aeu u noAtmeucKuxb ypadnuKoeb #b paioutb cmpoa- 
upucH YccypiikKou peAbcoeou auhxu. 

TocyxapB HunepaTopi,, no no-ioaem© KOMirreTa Ch6hpcko& »e- 
jisHofi Aopora, vb 9 aero M&a 1895 ro#a, Bucoqaftme noBejrfiTB 

C0H8BOJHJH>: 

L npe^ocTaBHTB HpKyTCKOMy renepaji-ryfiepHaTOpy: 
a) AOSBoxaTB otfpameHHHM'B Ha BOflBopenie ccujn»Ho-nocaieHi;aMi, 
(fear* paaiflrcia npe»Hjiro *o hxi ccuikh BBama h BpeMeHH nocry- 
njeEtLff Ha BOABopeme, HaHHMaTBca no ycTaHOBJienHUMt BRj&wh Ha 
pa6ora Ha HHKOjaeBcitift JHejifeofl&iaTejBHHJt saBO^t, ct» pacnpo- 
crpaHeHieMi, Ha hhxt>, a paBHO h Ha pa6oTaK>nprci> Ha otoitb 3aB0#b 
BpeMeHHo saBOACKHX'L pa6oqnxi> Bcixt ji>rora, npeAOcraBJteHHUX'L 
cooTBiTCTByrom.HM'L passant apecraHTOBi* h cckxbhhx'b, nprnje- 
qeHauxt ei> pa6oTairL no nocTpoftiti CpeAHe-CnGHpcsofi seiisHofi 
Aoporn, Ha ocHOBamH Bucoqaftme yTBeps^HHUXx, 7 lfaa 1894 r M 

BpeMeHHUXl OpaBHXB 9 

h 6) vb ^onojraeme osHaHeHHtixt (n. a) BpeueHHuxi> npaBM*, 
npfiBJieqb Ha paSoTH no noerpofist Cpe^He-CHfinpcKofi »eii3Hofi ,n;o- 
porn, CBepxi Jiun-h, yKasaHHUxt bt> n. a ct. 1 chxi npaBMB, boh- 
■ossHoe tocjo co^epatainHxca vb m4cthhx'b nopLMaxt apecTaHTOB'B, 
opHTOBopeHHux'L Kb TK>p6MH0My saMDieHiro (yios. HaKag., ct. 30, 
D, IV, V; yd. Hasaa., ct. 1, n. 4), ct> Tiin> ito6h: 1) apecraffru, 
or6uBai)npe TDpeimoe saiunoieHie sa npecrynjema h npocryiiKH, He 
noHMeHOBaHHue vb ct. 345 (n. 3) ycT. cofl. no,n% CTp., h Heno&ie- 
atainje o&mTejLHUMT* pafioraMi bh4 nopeMHofl orpaw (ct. ct. 346 
h 357 (n. 1) Toro ace ycraBa), 6uxsl npHBieKaeiiu kt> chmt> pa6o- 
TavB jhhil vb CJiyqai H3i>aRieHia Ha to meismn; 2) saBi^UBaHie 
03Ha^6HHUMn apecraffraMH 6uio BosjtoseHo Ha saBtAUBaDopxx ape- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— a;vi — 

craaTOMH paspoxa «cnpaBOTeJn>HHXT» apecraHrcmxi> OTff&jemfi; 3) chut* 
saB^^HBaioin.HBPB 6uxr npHCBoeHH npaBa, HpeflocTaBjeHHua err. ct. 
271 h 272 yo\ oofl. no^B cTp., na^ajBcrey ir CMorpHTexiD th>pbmh, 
h 4) Bpesui, npoBe^eHHoe apecTaffraMH Ha chxt> pafioTaxt, sawcx** 
jocl no pacrary bocbmh MicameBt sa ijijnift ro^%. 

D. npHCBOHKb HpHaaiypcKoiiy reHepaj^-ryfopnaTopy bc* npaBa 
h o6«8aHHocTH, onpejijreHHiia %Bfl rjHtBaaro HaiaiBHHfia spaa Buco- 
qafime yTBepjKfleHHHMH* 7 tiaa 1894 roja> BpeMeHHUMS npaBBjara, 
. npejpcraBHTB eny npra*e*B Kt pa6oraMT» no coopysemD G&BepHo- 
yccypiflcRofi, AuypcKoft h SafiafiKaa&CKoft atejiisHHX'B sopors apec- 
TanTOBx h cchjlhhx* pajraiix* KaTeropift Ha ocHOBaninx-B, ycraHOB- 

J6HHHX1> HOUflHyTHMH Bpe»6HHHMH npaBHJTaMH H JOHOJIHOT&IBHHMfc 

Kb hhm'l Bume OBHaHeHHHMt (n. 6, ct. 1 €ero mMo^enifl) nocra- 
HouemeM'L, npHieMt bosjkmkhtb Ha MHHHCTpa BHyipeHHuxi* pfcrb 
upHHjrrie cooTBfercTByioiUHXT* pacnopa»eaift bj> HBMej^r^HHOMy npn- 
Be^eHiK) bi> HcnojraeHie osHa^eHHOfi aiipH na YccypiflCKofl sejritanofi 
Aopori; 

h III. yqpe^HTt pjfl HcwwraeHia a r nMKHficipaTHBHo-nojHT];eficKHXT> 
o6a8aHHocTefi kb paioa* ' npoHBBOflCTBa aejrtsHojopoaHHXi, patfora 
sa YccypiflcKoft main, aojkhocth: a) Tpexx seMCRHX% saciAaraiel*, 
ct coAepacamem, no 2.000 py6. b% ro^t KaayjoMy h cxy»e6HHMH 
npasaMH h npeHMymecTBara, npncBoeHHHMH ynacTKOBHarB Bacfeaaue- 
jaaa m> Ch6hph, h 6) coctojh^hx* b% B*^*HiH 9!ixi 8acftA*rareft 
ABiiHajw&TB ypaAHHBOBt, ch cojep»aHieir& no 600 p. n ro** Kax- 
AOMy h gb tpaBawa h ofasaHHOCTJiMH, onpejiueHHifMH am hhshhx* 
n^Hi^eficEHXi cxysHTexeft. BuBUBaeMH* ae cnirt y^pea^emeirb hb- 
AepjKRH OTHecra Ha wi&rh crpoHTftiBHHX'B cpcflCWB YccypifiCBOft ae- 
jrtsHoi jopora. 

16 boHH M 98. 

729. 06* yHpeo/cdeniu U3* npuHadjwotcatqux* na npaetb co6cmeeH~ 
uoemu u Hoocodmwxc* e* AmmpctcoMb yibsdtb, CapamoecKOu iy6epniu, 
podoenx* HedeuotcuMtAxi umMiiii mpex* 3anomdHt*%* uMfmiu cmam- 
acato co&tbmnuHa AAeKcandpa K)p%esu%a. 

780. 06* ynpemdeniu to* nacmu npunadAeoKawyux* podoeux* ne- 
dewtcuMux* \mifM%il3(mo8fbdnaMumM&a%eHepM^ 
HAapionu BopoHttoea-JfaiuKoea. 

731. 06* mdcmiu noeaw yemam tocydapcmeenHMz* c6epe*ame*%- 
Huxrb Kaccb u pocnucauM doj&cHocmeu ynpaexemn oumu koccomu, a 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ctvn — 

mamce C.-IIemep6ypicKou u Mockosckou c6epeumeAbHurb meet, ch 
uxb orndtbAeuixMu. 

rocyAapcTBeHHMfi Cob4tb MHtbnieMb noMxxcuw. 

L HpoeRTH: a)ycraBa rocyflapcTOeHHHX'L c6eperaTejLHHXi Raccx 
h 6) pociracaHia floiamocreft ynpoaieHia chmh Baccara, a Taaace 
C.-nerep6yprcKofl h MocbobceoA cCeperaTejttHHXt sacra, ex nxi 
orxhsemaxE^ nojHecrn kt> Bucoqafimeaiy Ero HimepaTopcBaro B&ih- 
qecTBa yrBepxjeHii). 

II. Onpej^jeme cpona h nopjaypta BBeaeiria wl #&ficTBie osHaqeH- 
hhx'l ycraBa h pocnncaHifl (ota. I) npeaocTaHHTb MHHHcrpy (|>HHaH- 
coot, ra cofameHieart npH tomi cxkMjnmflX'b npaBHJt: 

1) Tfe H3i> cjy»amHXi> bt» ynpaBjemn rocyAapcTBeHHMMH c6epe- 
raTaibHUMH Baccara, a rosso bt> C.-HerepCyprcKot h MockobcboS 
c6eperaTen>Huxi» saccaxx, soropae npn npeotipasofiamH chxt* y*pe- 
z#eHifi se noiyrarB HOBaro HasHaieHui, ocTaBMiDTca sa nrraTOMt, 
Ha o6in,eMT> ocHOBamn. 

2) JIfmaM?*, ocTaB jaeMHMi> Ha cjyat(54 bt> rocy^apcTBeHHuxi. c6epo- 
raTasura xi> Baccaxi* h ynpaBjeHin ohhmh wb aojusHocraxi., cootb4t- 
CTByDopx'B 3aHHMaeMU]rb hmh ^ojaHOCiairB, coxpararoTca npncBoeH- 

HH6 HMT, OKiaAU COflepaaHifl H KiaCCH HO HHHOHpOHSBO^CTBy, eCAH 

3th osiaAU h siaccii BHine, qfon> 03HaqeHHtie bi> pocnHcamH (n. 
6 OTA- I)- 

3) npoHSBOflcrao jm*auxi> npH6aBOss Kb cojepaami), npHCBoeH- 
Huxt no ocoGhmx Buco^afiHnucL noBftriuriflirb h4botophitb hs* ciy- 
aam,HXT> bt> rocynapcTBeHHHX'B c6eperaTejLHUxi» Kaccaxt h ynpa- 
BiemE ohhxh, nova ohh 6ynyn> coctohtb Ha aiy»6ft bt> chx& y^ipe- 
ay^HMTXTE», npoAoisaevca Ha npe»Hnx'b ocHOBaniaxT*. 

HL 06paTHTB Bt sanacHuft sanHTara TocyAapcTBeHHiix'B c6epe- 
raTejLHHX'b sacra npn6u jh ohhxt>, HasoHHBiniHCfl sa nperaee Bpena, 
wh cyiurfi, sasa* osaaeTca ho CaaaHcy Ha 1 AHBapa Toro ro^a, Bor^a 
Cyders, BBeAPHi bt» jificTBie ycTasi>, ynoMAHyTiift bt> n. a ot& I. 

IV. Bt> HSftriiHeHie h aonoaHOHie no^ieaBamHX'B CTareft ycTaBa no^r- 
TOBaro (Cb. 3a&ff., XII n. I, H3fl. 1857 r., nocraHOBim>: 

KoppecnoHflenijia Bcasaro po^a, orapaBaaeMaa rocyaapcTBeHHNMH 
c6eperaTMBHHMH Kaccaara no tro^fc, ocBo6oa^aercH otl nzaTesa 
BicoBaro, cTpaxosaro h jpyrHXi botoobhx'b cfopoB*. 



s. DpHA- o6m. kh. yu 1895 r. 11 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



r \?:Kr 



— clviii — 

yCTABTb 

rOCyMPCTBEHHHX'L CJBEPETATEJrLHHXTb KAOCB. 

Tjiaba iibpbaa. 
06*bi locTaBOBjenbi. 

Otjmehie I. 

HaaHaieme rooyxaporBeHHim c6eperaTexBBim saco%, ixi npasa m 

npemtyiueoTBa. 

1. rocy^apcTBeHHUfl c6eperaTeJiLHHa Kaccu HMiiorL uhjbK) npi- 
gmt> ERjLSL&owb jm npHpamemii Effh npoijeHTOBi, bt> BH^axi, jocra- 
BjeHm HacaieHii) cnoco6oB?> Kb HaKonieHiD c6epesem&. 

2. OpaBHreiLCTBo npHHHMaerL Ha ceda oTBiTCTBeHHocrt sa irfuocTB 
cynMt h KanHTajoirL, BBipaeMUxi, rocy r 3,apcTBeHHUMT> c6eperaTejB- 
hum-b KaccaifL. CynMU h Kainrrajnj cm He noryn. 6htb otfpanjaeMU 
Ha o6m,ie rocyAapcrseHHue pacxo#u. 

3. Brjuuu, BHeceHHHe b-b rocyaapcrBeHHua c6eperaTe*BHH« Kaccu, 
He noAiesarB hh ohhch, hh oroyamemi) no BasiurB 6u tohh6hjo 
BaucKamaMfc, sa HCKimemeirB cjy^aeB?., yRasaHHux'B bt> ct. 1083 
ycTana rpaa^aHCKaro cyAonponsBOACTBa. 

4. Jh.roTH, kotophmh nojrBsyimyi rocyAapcrBeHHHa c6eperaTejB- 
eua Kaccu h BKja^HKH oHLixt oTHOCHTejiiiHO njaTexa rep6oBaro c6opa 
h c6opa cb aoxoxobi> on» AeHeaKHUX?> EanHTa^OBT., a TaKae 6es- 
njaTHofl nepecHjrra KoppecnoHAeHnJH, onpej&ieHu vl noAieatanpixT> 
ycraBaxi>. 

5. rocy^apcTBeHHua c6eperaTej[&HH* Kaccu xpaHan, bc& c?eTu 
no BKja^airL b% TaflHi h coo6m;aif)n> CBifliHia h cnpaBRH o BHeceH- 

HHXt H B0CTpe60BaHHHXt BKiaAaX?>, CBepXT* BKJTaflTOKOB'B H HXT» 

Hacjrfi^HaKOBt, jraniB jraijaHt, mrfcromHirB npaso pacnopasaTtca B&ia- 
Aann, a Tasse no TpetfoBaniH) nofljieacameft npaBHreJBCTBeHHofi hjth 
cyaefiHofi Bjacm. 3a coofimeBrie chx*b cirfw&Hift nocropoHHHin> jHn;ain> 
cjyatam,ie no rocyaapcTBeHHHirB c6eperaTCJBHHM , B Baccara noftBep- 
raerca oTBiTCTBeHHocTH no ct. 419 yjosefitia o HaKasamax'B. 

Otjmehie II. 

noMtmeme oyinra rooyaapoTBeHHHX'B c6eperaTe*BHizx% saoot, hx* 
sanaoHuft Kannrara, paoxoou, ottothootb h kohtpojeb. 

6. CyMMH rocyAapcTBeHHHXt c6eperaTejBHux , B icacci>, o6pa3yro- 
npaca BCjfe^CTBie npeBunjenia nocTynaenifi hwi BuaaTOMH, bhocotch 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cux — 

vb rocyAapcTBeHHtift 6aHBi> Ha oco6ufi ctbtl, oTflijiiHHfi on c*e- 
tobt> no APyrHMt cocToamHMt bt» 6aHst KamrrajaifB, pa o6pam,eHia 
Ha ycjoBiffXT>, onpejrhj&euux.'h cob4tomt> 6araa cl yTBepat^eHin mhhh- 
cTpa (J)itHaHC0Bi>. Pa-SMtpT> ynjia^HBaeHaro 6aHKOBTB no chmt, cyMMain, 
npoijeHTa flOjaeHt 6htb ho MeHLmeft v&ph Ha 1 / 2 °/o HH»e pocra, 
njaTHMaro no 6escpoHEUu% BKJfa^aMT>, ho bo bcakoitb cjiyqai ohx 
AOjnseHi> cocraBJiATb ho Meff&e 1 /2%. 

7. OmaqeHHua bt> npe^HAyn^efi (6) craTiA cyimu rocyaapcTBeH- 
auTh cfieperaTejLHHxx Kaccx o6pam,aK>TCJi rocyAapcTBeHHHMt 6aH- 

KOMX, HO yKaaaHUOTB MHHHCTpa <|>HHaHCOBT> H Bl HaSHaqaeMUX-L HMt 

npefffcjax'B, Ha noKynsy rocyjapcTBeHHtixt, a Tarae rapannipoBaH- 
huxt> npaBHTejLCTBOMT, npoijeHTHHXT, 6yMari>. ByiiarH cinxpaHATca 
Brh rocyAapcTBeHHOira 6aHK$ Ha oco6omt> c^ery upoijeHTHbixi, 6ynari>, 
npHH.j AJeaau^HXt rocyAapcTBeHHLiMi, cGeperaTejibHUMi, xaccaifB. Pao 
nopaa&eme chmh 6ynaraMH BO&iaraeTCA Ha ynpaB^aiomaro rocyaap- 

CTBeHHUlTb foHKOM'B, no yBa3aHiflMl> MHHHCTpa <f>HHaHCOBT>. 

8. Pacxo^H rocy.napcTBeHHHX'B c6eperaTejBHHxi» Kacct oTHOcaxoa 
Ha CH&rb hxx npH6ujied. GM^Ta chxx pacxo^OBi cocraBjaeTca Anpett- 
Topoirb rocyxapcTBeHHUXi* c6eperaTejLHHXt Bacci> h bhochtch ynpa- 
BJwnoni.HM'L rocyAapcTBeHHHJTb OaHKOMt vb coBtrt 6aHRa; nopaacMo- 
Tp-feHiH bt> coBirfe h nojyqeHin aaKjm^eHifl otb rocy^apcTBeHHaro 
KOHTpojfl, c*rfeTa cia yTBep&AaeTCJi mhhhctpomi <J)HHaHcoBT>. T4in> me 
nop^AKOMi* yTBepsxftiDTCfl AonojHHTejBHHH Kt cwhrb accHmoBaHifl, 
KOTopiiH ho Morjra 6utl npeAycMOTpiiHU npn cocTaBaemn cm4th, Ba 
HCKJiDHeHieMt jHmi> HeTepnanj,HXT> oTjiaraTejiLCTBa pacxo^oBt, koto- 
pue Moryn> 6trn> pasptmaemi 6e3t cHomema ct> rocy^apcTBeHHHini> 
KOHTpojiepoM'L, ci t4mt,, qTo6u o ceMx HeMeAJeHHO coo6in,ajiocL koh- 
rpojno W* cB$;c&Hitf. 

9. CBo6oAHHfi ocraTOKT, npnfoureft, sa Ha*racJieHieMT> npoijeHTOBfc 
no BKiaAaarb h sa noKpHTiein* pacxoaoBt h yfiHTKOBt no rocyjap- 
CTBeHHHirB c6eperaTejn»HHirfc Kaccasn,, orTOcaraeTCJi Ha otipasoBame 
aanacHaro sanHTaia chxt, xaccB, nona cyMMa aroro Kannraja He#o- 
CTHTHerB 10«/o ocranta BKiaflOBt Ha 31 aeKatfpa OTHeTHaro roaa. 
^ajLFfeftmifi H3JrameKi» npH6raeft nocrynaen* bt, aoxoa'b Kasmj. 

10. UpH He^ocraTO^HOCTH npH6ujieft rocy^apcTBeHHUxx c6epera- 
Teju>Huxi> Kaccx rxr Ha^HCJieHiff upoijeHTOBt no BRia^aMt h nospii- 
Tia pacxoAOBi h y6HTKOB7, no chmt> KaccaMt, HeAOCTaioma^ cyMMa 
nonojHaeTca npea^e Bcero hbx sanacHaro sannTajia (ct. 9), a sa- 
il* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— C12L — 

Tim, ecjH 0Ha npeBiunaerB nocjijmft,— rox cpe^croB rocyaap- 
CTBeHHaro Ra8HaieficTBa. 

11. ToAOBoft othbtb rocyjapcTBeHHHx% o6eperaTeiBHHX t B Race* 
cocraamercfl AHpeiTopoin> chkb beccb h bhochtca ynpaBjaK>m;Hin> 
rocyAapcTB6HHUMi> 6aHKOMt bt> cob4tt> 6aHKa; no pascMOTpimH b*b 
coBirfe h oAotipesiH hshhotpoitb <j^maHCOB%, onen cefi npenpoBO- 
sAaeTCA etb rocyaapcrBeHHOMy KOHTpojepy, a sarinn>, c% sauD^emeMx 
QOCiiABflro, BE0CHTC8 MnHHCTpoMt <J«HaHCOBi> wb rocyflapcraeHHHft 
cob4tt>. 

12. KpaTKia nepio^reeciaa b^aomocth ofa o6opOTan> rocyxap- 
cib6hhuxi» c6eperaTaiLHLixi» sacc*, a paBHO ro^oBiie o hhxt> otoui, 
ny6iHsyK)TCA bo Bceotfmee CBiw&me, no <|K)pMi, yTBepa^ aeMOfi mhhh- 
crpoirB ^HaaHOOKb, no coiuainenix) ch rocyAapcrBeHHuin, Rompo- 
jepoirB. 

13* Pacxo.pi no rocyAapciBeHHHm ofeperarexBHiiirB Baccara 
noAJeatan> peBflBin rocyxapciBeHHaro KOHrpou. 

14. rOCyxapCTBeHHUfi KOHTpOJB MOSOTB HpOHSBOAHTL CBH^iTeXb- 

cTBOBanie xpaH^mnxca m> rocyAapcTBGHHuxi ctfeperareibHHxi saccaxi 
najn^Huxx AeHerx h npon.eHTHHX'fc 6yMan> nopa^KOMx, ycraHOBJiae- 
mhmi» FOcyxapcTBeHHuirb KOHTpojepoMt, no cowameHii) CT> MHHH- 
crpoMi (}>HHaHC0BT>, a bt> no^ieaam,HXT> cxyroaxi h ct> rjaBHHMH 

Ha^aiBHHKaMH jpyTHXl, BiAOMCXB'B. 

Tjaba BTOPAH. 

yepaBJcaie rocyAapcTBeuniH cCeperaTCJBBun saeeao i m m*ct- 

hiu y^pesffeidfl. 

15. YnpaBJienie rocy,iapcTBeHHuiai c6eperaTeiBHmiH Kaccaira eo- 
ctohtx npn cob4t* rocyAapcrBOHnaro 6aHKa (n. 7 cr. 26 ycraBa 
rocyj. 6aHEa). Bjuasaflmee .raBiflHBame Kaccaini Bosjaraerca Ha oftHoro 
hstb AHpesropoBi rocynapcrBeHHaro 6aHsa (cr. 39 ycraBa rocy*. Gamca). 

16. ^.npeKTopy rocyAapcTBeHHUxx cfoperaraiLHHXTb Kacci> npn- 
HaAJieaBHTL no Akiawb sacci HcnojHHraiBHaa h pacnopwraaiBHaa 
BiacTb vh npej&iaxx, ysasaHHUxx cbitb ycraBOMt, HaKaaoM* (ct. 24) 
h oco6hmh pacnopflseHiflBfH MHHHcrpa $HHaHCOB?>. Bt qacTHociH, Ha 
^npeKTopa B08jraraeTca: 

1) tijrasafimee pysoBO^CTBO onepaitfaMH sacra h HatiJioAeme 3a 
npasHAHOCTBD AJuonpoHSBOACTBa, HcnojEHemeMt ycTaBa h Hasasa, a 
Taxase sa coxpaHHOCTbD HajHOTHxx jeHera h itffflHocreft; 

2) nepenacKa no xhsawb aacci; 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CLJI — 

3) coeraBjeme cuixu pacxoxovB h rojOBaro owera ho saceairB, 
a Tasse nepiojpraecRHXi* othotobx no onepatpjun* Race*; 

4) Hcnojraeme pa3p4meHHHXT> pacxo job* h 

5) xpyiia ofosaHHOcrn, RacaDiqiacH Kacct, soropuA (Synyra Ha 
Hero Bosjosemi ynpaBXHDupnii» rocynapcTBeHHHMt fiaHRonx. 

17. ^ojaHocTH no ynpa&iem© rocyaapcTBeHHHHH c6eperaTejB- 
hhmh KaccaHH h no C.-HeTepfiyprcRofi h MocrobcroU Raccanx ex hxx 
org&ieHiflHH (ct. 22), coAepsame nwb npncBoeHHoe, a Tarate Rjaccu 
h paspaAH chxx ^ojiacHocTefi, onpefliuuiJOTca ocoChhx pocnncameHx. 

Bx HOMOI^B flOJKKHOCTHHHX JHIjaHX HaSHa^aOTCH HOOtfxOjpiHOe ^HCJTO 

KamjejapcKExx tohobhhrobx h jhu,!. cjyaamnxx no Hafiny. ^HCJO 
AOXjrhocthhxx jthijx, a bx orHomemH RaHij&uipcRHxx uhobhhhobx 
— ottoman cyHMa pacxoja Ha hxx co^epataHie, onpeAftiwrcfl hhhh- 
erponx 4>HHaHCOBT>, bx 8aBHCHM0CTH on qncja c6eperaT6JLHHXT> naccx 
h pasBHTia hpohsboahhuxx hmh onepaitffi. 

18. Onpe^fejeme m yBOjbHeme aojshocthhxx JOsn^> bx ynpaB- 
ieHiH rocyjapcTBeHHHMH c6eperaT&n>HHHH KaccaHH h bx C.-IIeTep- 
6yprcKofl h MocrobcroA Raccaxx (ct. 22), sa HCRJOTemenx #HpeR- 
topobx chxx nocjiflraxx Raccx h HHcneHTopa Raccx, HasHaqaenuxx 
hhhhctpohx $HHaHCOBi>, npeaocraBjaeTca ynpaBJHK>n^6Hy rocyaap- 
CTBeHHUVL (JamcoHx, no npeacTaBjreHix) jpipeRropa rocyAapcraeHHHxx 
c6eperaTejBHHX , L Races. 3aMim;eHie hhbhihxx AOjaRHOCTefi hosbtx 
6htl, ex paspianeHia HEHncrpa $HHaHCOBx, npeftocraBJieHo #HpeR- 
Topy rocy^apcTBeHHHxx ctfeperaTaiBHHxx Race*. 

19. rocyAapcTBeHHiw cfeperaTearaHa Raccii noryrt 6htb orspu- 
Baenu bo bc4xx ropo^axx h HaceaeHHiixx nymcTaxx. Oh4 noryrL 
mriftx oT^&ieHia RaKx hoctohhhhh, Tain, h BpeneHHii*, oixpuBaeHUA 
bx onpeakieHHOHx Micrfe, hjh ate nepeflraatHHa, jjaasb HanpHnipx, bx 
nfecraxx tfasapoBx h apnapoRx, Ha Bpena nponsBOACTBa Tanx Top- 
tobhxx onepaitffi. 

20. rocyxapcTBOHHUH ofieperaTejBHiu Raccu h hxx oTj&ieHia ho- 
ryr* 6ht& OTBpHBaenu npn y^peameHiaxx rocy^apcTBeHHaro (Saraa, 
saaHaieftcxBaxi, TaHoatHHXx h apyraxx y*peamemaxx BiflOMtTBa 

HHHHCTepCXBa <|)RHaHCOBX, npH BCJIXX B006me HpaBHTeJBCTBeHHHXX 

h o6m;ecTBeHHUxi, y*peaweHifixx t a TaRse npn qacrauxx ycraHOBje* 
hlsxx h saB^^Hiaxx, pacnopaaROHieH-B HHHHcrpa (ftHBaacoBx, noco- 
riamemx) bx nofljeawuipixx ciynaoxx ex j^pyrnnn HHHHcrpaHH h 
rxaBHoynpaBAu>npiHH, bx b4aohctb4 rohxx coctohtx cm y^pea^e- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cexh — 

ma ycTaHoaieHLa h saneAema 3aKpuTie ota&ibhhxx saccx nponsBO- 
ABTcjj rbwb me nopflAKOMx. 

UpuMtbHanie. rocyAapcTBeHHra c6eperaTejbHua Kaccu MoryTx 6mx 
oTKpuBaeMu, cb pa3pimeHia MHHHcrpa 4>HHaHCOBx, qacrauiiH JHii,aMe, 
hoax ycjOBieiix HMymecTBeHHofi hxx OTfffeTCTBeHHocTH nepogx sasHOK) 
sa itfuocTL BK&paeiiuxx hmx cyinix. 

21. TocyAapcTBeHHUfl c6eperaraibHbia Kaccu, coctoa hoa* o6mnnx 
Ha6jnoAeHiem ynpaaiemA rocyAapcTBenHUMH c6eperaTaibHUMHKaccaMH 
(ct. 15), noA^HHAforcfl Henocpe^CTBeHHo bx nopajprb naA3opa noA- 
jieacamHHx irbcrHuiix y^pesAemoMx rocyxapcTBeHHaro 6amca, nooco- 
(fcmy pacnpej'kieHii), npoH3BOAHMOMy no nocraHOBieniK) coBfearocy- 
AapcTBeHHaro 6aeKa, ex yTBepsAema MHHHCTpa 4>HHaHCOBx. 

22. C.-nerep6yprcKaa h MocKOBCKaa Kaccu, ct hxx OTAijemflira, 
cqctoatx bx HenocpeACTBeHHOM-L noA^HHemH ynpaBjema rocy^apcr- 
BeHHHMH c<5eperaraibHMMH Kaccaam h bx 3afi$AHBaHiH oco6uxx ah- 
peKTopoBt (cr. 18). 

23. YcTpoficTBo cfaperaT&ibHHXx Kaccx h hxx orA&ieHifi, a Tas»e 
cocraBx h BOSHarpasAeme jmix, saHHMaromHxca onepaiuaMH Kaccx, 
onpeAfcurorcn MHHHcrpoMx <j)HHaHCOBi», no corjamemK) bx noAieaca- 
iii,hxx cjyqaaxx ex ApyrHMH MHHHcrpaMH h rjaBHoynpaBJunon^HMH, 
no noAB^AOMCTBeHHocTH r&xx npaBHTaiLCTBenHuxx hjh ofinjecTBeH- 
huxx ynpesAemfi, hjh ate qacrauxx ycTaHOBjemfi h saBeAemii, npn 
KOTopuxx oTKpuBaixrcA Kaccu hjh hxx oTA^iemn. (XfcraaHHocrH no 

KaCCaiTB, 8a-HCRIJ0TOHieilX CTOJHHHHXX (CT. 22), HCn0JHHK)TCJI aoj- 

snocmHMH JiRnaMH rhxx ynpesAemft, npn kohxx Kaccu otkputu, 
npnieMX bx noMOiqb chmx jmiaMx MoryTX 6utb npHiMamaeMU cjyata- 
mie no BOJLHOMy HafiMy. 

HpuMfbHanie. YcrpoficTBO Kaccx, orKpusaeMUXx qacmuHH jm^aim 
(npHM. kx ct. 20), onpeAiMOTca no corjamemio MHHHcrepcrBa 4>h- 

HaHCOBX CX CHXH JHIjaMH. 

24. QpaBHJia nponsBOACTBa onepaiufi, a Tarae nop#AOKx cioto- 
BOACTBa h oT^eTHocTH, bo bc£xx BOo6m;e rocyAapcTBeHHuxx cfiepe- 
raTaibnuxx icaccaxx onpeAi-wooTca HaKasoaix. ynoMrayTuft HaRasx 
pascMaTpHBaeTCfl cob^tomx 6aeKa h yTBep»AaeTca hhhhctpomx <J>h- 
HaHCOBx, no npeABapHTejbHOMx corjameHin ex noAJieacan^HMH b^aom- 
CTBaMH oTHocirreibBO Kaccx, OTKpuBaMUXi npn cocTonmnxx BX HXX 
BiA^Hin yipeatAeHiaxx, h cx rocyAapcTBOHHUMx KOHTpojepoitx otho- 
cjrreibHO npaBHjx c^eroBOACTBa h ottothocth. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CLxm — 

TlABA TPETM. 

Oiepajii rocyjapcTBeBBun* cGeperaiejunixi* hccl. 

25. BuaA^HKOMi* rocyAapcTBeHHofi c6eperaT6JLHOfl Kaccu craxaer- 
cfl jrao, Ha HMfl KOToparo npHHan, saccoK) Biua** h BHAaHaycr*- 
HO&ieHHaa ctfeperaTejBHaa kbmxrsl (ct. 36). 

26. BuaA?HKaafH Moryra 6mte>: 1) junja o6oero noja BcaKaro 
3BaHia h B08pacra n 2) y?pe«AeHia h otfnjecTBa. 

27. Bhochtl BEja^u npeAOcraBJaeTca Kaict Ha cboo HMa, Tarct 
h na hmh xpyraro jun.a, KOTopoe vb Tasom. cjiyrak craHOBHTca 

BKiaA^HKOlTB (CT. 25). 

28. B&xaAU npHHHMaioTca: 1) ao BOCTpetfoBama h 2) ct oco6hmt> 
naawmemewb hjh ycJOBHtie, no OTHomemio kbkohmi, pacnopaseHie 
KanwTajOMi, mh hphhochmhmh hmt> npoijeHTaMH nocraBjeHO bi> sa- 
bhchmoctl OTB HacTynjema onpeja^jeHHiixx o(H3ToaTejn>CTKb* 

29. BuaAU ex ocofiuMt HadHaqemeiix hjh ycjOBHue Moryn> 
6utb npHHHMaeMU JHmh bx tomx cjywk, ecin HasHaieHie B&iaAa 
hjh yciOBie He hpothbho saEOHaMX h He npeAcraBjraerx HHKaBHXx 
neacHOcreft hjh saTpyAHemfi oTHocBrrejbHO ero HcnojHema. QopaAOBX 
npHBHTia chxx BKja^OBi onpeAiaaerca npaBHjaMH, yTBep»AaeMHMH 
MHHHCTpoM-fc <{>HHaHCOBX, no npeAcraBjemiD coBfcra rocyAapcTBeHHaro 
6amca. 

30. Pacnopaaceme Bsia^aMH ex ocoGhmx HasHaieHiejux hjto ycjOB- 
hhmh onpeAiuaerea yKasamaMH, cA^aHHUMH Ha ceft npeAMeTx npn 
BHecemH BKaa^a, ho bhochtcjil BRia^a He uoxerb bhtobophtb ce6i 
npaBo pacnopaaceHia ohhmx, ecan bkjhiax BHeceHx Ha hmh Apyraro 
jmja hjh y^peawema (cp. ct. 33). 

31. BocrpetioBaTL hsx Kaccu bjul&kb hjh toctb OHaro MoseTx 

TOJBKO BKJCaATOKfc (CT. 25) HJH eFO 3aK0HHH# HpeACTaBHTeJH,, KpOM* 

cayroa, ysasaHHaro bx ct. 33. 

32. MaaojiTHHe h HecoBepnieHHOJiTHie, BOTopue caMH bhocjh 
Ha CBoe hh£ BKiaAx, pacnopaaKaroTca ohhmx 6e3x yqacria onexyHa 
hah none^HTexa, Ha o<5m;HXX ocHOBamaxx cero ycraBa. 

33. BKia^u, BHeceHHue poAHTejaMH Ha mn hxx MajojiiTHuxx 
h HecoBepmeHHOjfeTHHXt A^Tefi, npHracjaiyrca rx ycaoBHHMx, ho 
pacnopaaceme ohumh npHHaAJe*HTx, ao coBepmeHHOJ'fcTia A^Teft, 

pOAHTeJAMX. 

34. BsjaAU npHHHMaiDTCa HajHHHUMH jeHLraMH a** npnpamema 
H8i> npoijeHTOBX bx cynM* He CBiime oA«ot TucaiH py6jeS, Kor.ua 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CLXIV — 

BKia^x BHOCHTca Ha hmh eOTHacariHaro BB*a#iHBa (n. 1 cr. 26), h 
He CBume Tpexx thcjttb pytijeft, sor^a B&ia£i> bhochtch Ha hma 
y^peayjema hjh o6mecTBa (n. 2 ct. 26). 

EpuMibWHie. IIpeA&iBHuA paaMipx ssiaAOPB na huh ijepBBefi h 
MOHacTupefi onpe#&JiaeTca no cor-iamem© MHHHcrpa <J>HHaHCOK& vl 
o6ep , B-npoKypopoMT> cBariftmaro cimoAa. 

35. IIo aocTHttemH KaflmajoirB vb HaracjemHMH Ha OHHft npo- 
i^eHTaMH npejtfkifcHoft cyMMH, aonycBaeiioft Kt npieMy bt> ctfeperaTeiB- 
Hy» xaccy am npapamema H3T> npoijeHTOBx (ct. 34), Teieme npo- 
r^eHTOBx ha bcd cyimy npeKpanjaeTca, o newb c6ep6raTe*BHaa xacca 
nocroaen* yBfcflOMjeme BBjaaraKy. Ecjh b*l vAcawii cpost ho 
nocatAyeTB pacnopaaeHia go ctopohh BB*aA«Hsa othochtoaho ero 
Kannraja, to toctb nocjfcwaro odpanjaeTca xaccoio Ha noBymcy sa 
c?6tl BKia£?HEa rocyAapcTB6HHO& npon,eHTHofl 6yMara, BOTopaa sa- 
chbtl xpaHHTca Ha yKaaaHHHX-B mate (cr. 46 h 47) ocHOBamax'B, 
ao BOcrpe6oBaHifl BEJWHBa. 

36. Ha nepBHft, npHHamfi Kacco», BKia^i* BHjaerca otfeperaTejL- 
Has BHHaKa, npe^xaBJieHie soTopofi otfaaaraiBHO rjul sanncH Bcixt 
nocji T a;yB)m ( HXT> bshocobt, h BH^aTB. C(JeperaTeun»Haa KHHara BHAaer- 
ca Ha hmji BKJia^HKa (ct. 25) h ho hos6tb6utb nepe^aHa xpyroiiy 
jnnjy. C6eperaTejn>Hua bhhssh nsroroBMioTca BEcnejimieft saroTO* 
BJiema rocyaapcTBeHHHX'B 6yaiarB h BHCiuaDTca bt» noTpe6HOMi> 
hhcj* bo bc4 c6eperaT62LHUA saccii h««b ynpaBiema chmh EaccaMH. 

37. Ho BKja^aMi, ct> ocoCum-l HasHanemeMT, hjh yciOBHHMi, 
(n. 2 cr. 28) Btmaerca ocotfaa BHna&a, xora 6u Tasie Bgaa.pi bho- 

CBUHCB Ha HMH JIHIja, HMilHnarO yS6 BHHSBy Ha BKJiaAt ao BocTpefio- 

Bama (n. 1 cr. 28). Eojr&e o^noft khhskh ho BaayjOMy hbx wyx% 

pOftOBfe BBJWflOBl Ha OJJHO XWBfl BH£aBa6M0 6HTB H6 MOSeTb. 

UpuMtwanie. Rxa, BBJiaflraEa, mifciDmaro BBaajH #o BocTpe6oBa- 
Hia h ex oco6uM r b HasHa^emeMi am ycioBHue, nperfuobHaa cyiuia 
bshocobi, xonycBaoMuxi AAH npapameaia H3i nponeHTOBx (ct. 34), 

HCIHClHOTCg HO COBOByHHOCTH o6ftHXl» BHjaHHNX'B eify KHH3KHKT>. 

38. BBjajB^HBKb, HCTpe6oBaBmifl 6oj4e ysasaHHaro wb or. 37 incja 
bhesbbx, JHmaeTca npaBa Ha npoi^eHm no Bcim Hainnrae nojyqeH- 

HHJTB KHHSBaifB, Ha^HCJieHHUO SCO HO OHHMfc HpOI^eHTU yA6pSHBa»T- 

ch H8i» Kanffraja. 3acHH%, Bci BKJa^H coeaHmrorca bt> oahoA hjh 
AByxi BHHSBaxi, no npHHa^JiesHOCTH, ct> npHMiHemeMt kt> hhmi» 
ct. 35. 

$9* MnHHcrpy (J)HHaHC0Bi> npwocraBJweTGa: HS^aBaTb npaaoia no 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CLXV — 

npiexy b% kogcu BKaaflOBt, bk&cto genera, Mapxara, npio6pftTaeMHMH 
BEja^HEOicL no nipt HaKonzeHm cfiepeaemfi. PaspaAH chxt> napoirL 
no i$hhocth, npa&ua nxt ofipamema, a paano nopaaoKt craroBOfl- 
croa, OT^eTHOCTH h kohtpom no o6opory ohhxi, ycraHOBMHwrca 
MHHBcrpoirb <J)HHaHCOBT>, no corjameHix) ct> rocyAapcTBeHHKMi, BOH- 
TpojiepoifB, a vh noj&ewMnqaxh oiyqaaxx Taxse ct> apyrHMH hhhh- 
crpaMH b rjaBHoynpaBJiaro^HBiH. 

40. Bx cjynai yTpara c6eperaT6JBHofl khbjkkb, BRiaj^mnb hie 
map, HMiK)nj,ee npaBO pacnopaaaTtca BKia^oBTL (cr. 33), nojyqaion> 
HOByD KHHSBy ho no3se cgmh flHefi no saoBxeHin hmh o6x yTparh 
khhjkkh, npn^eiTL jwnfli HensBicrHoe Kacefc, ofasaHo npefleraBHTB 
y^ocTOBipeHie jraraocra. 

41. Bua.z^HB'L Moaten> npoiiSBOflETL bshoch b% Kaccy, a TaK«e 
BOcrpe6oBaTB hbi Kaccw hojihoctbi) hjh qacn>K) BHeceHHufi hmtb Ka- 
nHTarB, no ero ycMOTpiHiro, kslkt> jtbtoo, Taxi h Tpejn> flOF&peH- 
Haro. Am HCTpe6oBama BKjaja ?pe$ji» jOBipeHHaro Tpe6yeTca npej- 
cTaBjeme vl Kaccy, spoilt khhjkkh BKja^HKa (ct. 36), enje b nnctMeH- 
Hdro ynojHOMoqia on> Biua^^BKa, npHqeira ho^uhcb nocxh^Huro, 
eciH oHa ho HBBicTHa Kacci, &ojmua, 6im> sacBH^TejtcTBOBaHa 
HOTapiajBHiiiTB nopa.nKOM'B, hjth MicTHOK) nojraijieft, hjih flpyrHMH 
ynpesAeHuufH h aoj^hocthumb jmn;atfH 9 hm^d^hmb KaseHHyro hjh 
AOuULHOCTHyi) newn>. 06m;ecTBa h yqpeayjema (n. 2 ct. 26) pacnopa- 
samca npHHa^jeaan^HMH hmi B&ja^aMB qpe3T> cbohxt, saKOHHUxx 
npeAcraBHTejrefi. 

42. Ecih cyama BOCTpe6oBama no OflHofi ehbsr& npeBumaerb 
cto pydieii, to BKJa^HKx ofasaHx npeflyBiflOMHTB o tom*l Kaccy sa 
eemb ^nei . 

43. Pa3Mipi» npoijeHTOBt no B&ia^aiiT> bt> Kaccu ycTaHOBjaeTca 
BHco^afimeK) BjracTBK), no npe^cTaBJieHiiD HHHHCTpa <f>HHaHcoBi. IIo- 
HHateme npoi^eHTOBx BCTynaera bt> cnjry He pan&e Tpexx wbcsnflB'h 
co BpeMeHH ony6jiHKOBaHia o tobtl bt» co6paHin ysaKOHemft b pacno- 
pjBDB6Hifi npaBHTaibCTBa. 

UpuMWHome. IIo BMa^aMx ynpeaaeHifi hjih o6m;ecTB , i> Ha cyMMy 
CBiime thcoth py6jeft (ct. 34) pa3Mipi> npon^HTOBx onpeA&iaeTCA 
mhhhctpomx <j>HHaHC0Kb, no npeflBapHTejibHOMy corjameHiio OTHOCH- 
xeJLHo BRja^oBi n;epKBefi n MOHacrapefi ci> o6epi»-npoBypopoMx 
CBirrfefimaro cHHo^a. PasMipx cefl bo bcjirohi c^ynai jsfljLxewb 6tm> 
HHace o6iD,eycTaHOBjeHHaro. 

44» 13poii;eHTH HamcJiaioTCH Ha nojHue pydin, HaHBHaa cl nep- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CLXVI — 

Baro ra&ia ciijyi)maro sa b3Hocomt> iticaija, h jamb sa nojHiie 
irfecaijM, cqmaa Kaamuft irfccairb bt> TpnwaTb AHefi. Rb Hanajfe 
Kaac^aro ro.ua Hapocmie sa npe^BHAynuft iwb npoijeHTH npH^HCdaiDT- 
ca kt> KanHTajy BRiajTORa pa flajbHtfimaro npHpamema nsxnpo- 
ueHTOBt. llpn BocTpe6oBaHiH Bcero Biua^a, npoueirru Ha ohlih ynja^H- 
Baiyrca fiKJaj^HKy tojlko sa nojHue Micjuju, HCTOKinie &o sosBpaTa 
BKia^a. 

45. Bua^HKy npeftocTaBiaeTca nopyiHTb Race* noKynKy sa ero 
c^ert rocyjapcTBeHHHX'B npoi^HTHHXx (JyMart, Kor.ua cyMMa BRaaaa 
6y flprb w Toro aocTaToraa. 

46. KyuieHHiia pa BRja^HRa rocyaapcTBeHHtia npoijeHTHua 
6yMara (ct. 35 h 45) Moryrb 6iiTt, no ero acejamx), ocTaBJteHH Ha 
xpaHemH bt> Kacci, KOTopoft cie pasp^meHo mhhhctpom'b 4>HHaHC0Bi>, 
npHqeMi, Kacca oGasHBaerca 6esT> ocofiofi iuaTH cjAahtb sa THpasaMH 
noramema chxt> 6yMan> h, bt» caynaii BHXoja ohhxi fl raparcb, 
noRynara, BsaMiHt noranieHHHX'b, apyria 6yMarn Toro ate HaHMeHo- 
Bama h AOcroHHCTBa (ecjiH co cropoHii BKJiajTOKa He nocjrh^yenb 
Apyraro yRasama no ceiiy npe^iieTy), pasMiHHBaTt synoHU h npn 
qaraiomiftca no ohmm'b aoxoax BnncHBaTt Ha ctfeperaTeibHyio RHnatRy 
BKjaATOKa. 

47. XpaHauuaca bt, Racct no c^ery BKja^nKa npoi^eHroua tiynarn 
He saqHCjaroTca bx ycraHOBjeHHyK) ct. 34 npefffcjbHyio cymiy aenea- 
hhxt> bshocobx, h HaqHCjenie npon,eHTOBi> no chmt> BSHOcam ne 
npeRpamaerca, xora 6u cymia br^obx HiUHiHUMH AeHbraMH Birkcrfc 
ch upon,eHTHUMH 6ynaraMH npeBwniaja Ha o,*Horo BRiajpiHRa osHa^eH- 
Hy» npeAiuBHyro cyimy. 

48. BuaAHHsii MO»en> nepesecTH bi Apyryro Raccy bocb BRjiaA?> 
hjh toctb OHaro Ha CBoe HMa, a Tanse Ha nun BcaRaro Apy^ar° 
jHU,a, ho ocra&ieHie BRia.ua bt> cefi Kacci pa AajbHMmaro npnpa- 
n^ema hsi npou,eHTOBi jonycRaeTca tojtbro npn nepeBO^i ero noa- 
HOCTbi) Ha HMa casiaro BRjraflHHRa. lliaTa 3a nepeso^ h npaBaia 
aTofi onepauiH yTBepajaioTca mhhhctpoatb (f)HHaHCOBi>. 

49. Uo CMepTH BMaa^HKa, npHHapeaamjft eMy bkjnwb ct, npo- 
n,eHraMH BUAaeTca ero HacjrfjflHHRaftrb, yaocTOBipHBnrairb cboh npafia 

ycTaHOBJieHHUMi* nopa^KOMTb. 

50. BKjajiHK'b Moaen>. npn BHeceHiH BRia^a, ysasaTb jhijo hjh 

ynpeaweHie, KOTopoMy noatt ero CMepTH BiuaA'B noxxewh 6uTb bh- 
AaHt. TaKoe ycJOBie He orpaHHHHB^en. upasa BKiaA^HKa pacnopa- 
saTbca npn shshh BRja^OMi. QpH nepexo^ brim* no cuepm 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CLXvni — 

wuajqHica kt> ysasaHHouy hmt> jraijy jlih yqpesAeHUD, dohlihhh ci 
HMyi^ecTBi, nepexo^iUHXi, 6eaMe8AHHMH cnocotiaiui, He BSHCKHBaroT- 
cfl, ecjm noAjesaispa BU^ant cyMMti He npeBinnaixrb thcoth py6jefi. 

51. Ecjh BuaATOKb BHect Ha CBoe hm« bejumcb ct> ycjOBiem. 
BHAa^H OHaro Ha ero norpe6eme, to npn ero jkhshh TaKofi BKJiaAb, 
nojHocrno hjh no qacr&irb, B03BpamaeTca eaiy, no ero sejaHiK), bo 
BcaKoe Bpeiw, a no ero CMepra Ha3HaieHHaa hm-l Ha ero noxopoHU 
cyima, Kb tomt> cawoin> pa^nipi, ckojbko hmt> Ha ototl npeAMerb 
onperfueHO, BHAaeTca h3t» BKia^a HeMe&jeHHo, no npe^baBJemn 

BHHXKH, XRHJ, EOTOpoe UpeACTaBHTt CBHjrfrreJBCTBO on CMmeHHHKa 

o CMepra BKjajTOKa h yaocTOBipeHie orb noJimjiH bi> toitb, vro 

HM6HH0 9TO JIHl^O XOpOHHTb HJH HOXOpOHHJlO BKHaftlHRa. ECJTH me 

npe BHecemn BKja^a pasM^pi cymiu Ha norpetfeme He 6u.it> B&ia/i,- 
qHKOMt yKa8aHi>, to Ha ceft npe^Merx BHAaeTCA He CBume CTa py6- 
jeft, ocr&ibHaa »e qacn> BRJia^a BHAaercn HacjrbAHHKairb Biua/jinKa 
(ct. 49> 

52. Biua^L, no Koeny m> Teneme TpHwara jfcrb He 6hjo npo- 

H9BOAHKO HH BSHOCOBt (CT. 27 H 41), HH BlIAaYb, a TaKSO npOUeHT- 

Ebia 6ynarH, npio6pbTennua Ha ctott> Taraxi BiuajoBt uo ct. 35, 
o6pama»TCH bt> npn6ujF rocyAapcTBeHHHxx c6eperaTejbHHxt occ/l, 
eora paHte cero cpoKa Ha Tanofi BKJiaAb He 6hjio npeAbaBjeHO 
Tpe6oBaHiH jrai^oifB hjh yqpe&Aemeirb, HMi»mHMT, saKOHHira npafia 
Ha oHufi. Uo BiuaAaifb ycjoBHHirb, bx HCHHaaeme TpHjutfirar&THJiro 
cpoKa He Moacen> bxo^htb to BpeMH, Korja BKiaAimrb He hmLtl em,e 
npaBa pacnopaaaTLca BKnaAOWb. 

53. rocyAapcTBeHHUMT, c6eperaTejH»HHM , L KaccaMi Moaerb 6utl 
nopyqaeMO, ct, pasp^mema MHHHcrpa 4>HHaHC0Bi>, nponsBOACTBO, aa 
ctotc. rocyAapcTBeHHaro 6aHKa, onepaitffi, AoaBOJieHHHX'b ceMy 6aHKy 
ero ycraBOMt. OcHOBaaLa h npaBHja npoH8BO£CTBa cnxx onepaijift, a 
rasse nopflAora cwroBOACTBa h or^eraocTH no ohhmt>, yTBepamaroT- 
ca MHHHCTpoMt 4>HHaHCOBT>, no npeAcrafijeHUD coBimi 6aHKa, no 
npeABapnTejo>HOMi> hphtomi> corjamemH ct> rocyAapcTBeHHHMi koh- 

TpOJOpOlfb OTHOCHTeAHO npaBHJTb CTOTOBOflCTBa H OTieTHOCTH. 3a 

nponsBOACTBO oaHaqeHHUXT, onepauifi cjyacaw,nMT> bt, Raccaxi Moaterb 
6uTb BiJAaBaeMO, HesaBRCHHO on npncBoeHHaro hmt> coAepauiHin, 
oco6oe B03Harpa»A6Hie hbi npnfiHjeft 6aHKa, no 6jra»aftniHM r b yicaaa- 

HUnfb MHHHCTpa (f>HHaHCOBl>. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CTiXTX — 

rJLiBA qETBEPTA^. 

iputieiti cei* ycraB*- 

54. Mhhhctpy ^HHaHGOBi npeAocTaftiaeTCa paspimaTL Morynqe 
BOBHHKHyTB npH npHM&HeHra Hacroflmaro ycTana Boupocu, cb rfcarb, 
qTofin cin paspimema He KacajHCt npe^MOTOBi. HfffcrB, nocBoficTBy 
cBoeMy no^eaamHTB cyjetfHoary hjth BaKOHoaaTSiBHOMy paacMOTpimi). 

Ero HMnepaTopCRoe BeamecTBO BOcnocii^OBaBmee Mfltme bi> 
o6m,eMT, co6pamn rocyjapcTBeHHaro coBfrra 1 itma Bucoqaftme 
yreep^TB cohsbojuwb h noBejrfurB HcnojHHTb. 

732. (Mh ymeepotedemu noAOotceuM 06% ynpeoicdeHiaxb MeAicaw 
npeduma. 

TocyxapcTBeHHuft Cob4ti> MWbHiem noMMcuAb: 

L QpoesrB nojosema ofa> yqpesjeHiaxt Mencaro KpejHra noj- 
necTH kb BHCO^aimeny Ero HunepaTopcKaro BejniecTBa yTBeps* 
AeHiD. 

II. Bt> aonojmeme Bucoqafime yTBepxjeHHaro 6 i»Ha 1894 ro*a, 
ydaBa rocynapcrBeHHaro 6aHsa (ootip. ysas. h pacn. npaa. 1894 r., 
J6 101, ct. 698) nocTanoBHTL: 

1) TocyAapcTBeHHOMy 6aHsy npexocraBiaeTca orspiiBaTb Kpe- 
Ahtu yqpeacAeHiain* MejKaro spe^HTa wl nopaA&&, yKasaHHOMt bt> 
ct. 65, 66 h 85. BiiAaiH Vb cqen* paspimeHmixt KpeAHTOB*, cpo- 
romx He CBume ^BtHaroaTH irfecaqeB-b, npoH3BO#rrca ho^b seicceia, 
noAHHcanHue ueHaira ynpaBjeflia RpeAHTHaro y^pea^eHiff, ct, ooftno- 
AemeMT> npaBHJiTb ero ycraBa, OTHocangaxca jjo BauKraema sa&MOB'B. 

2) rocynapcTBeHHOMy fiamcy npejoeTaBxaeTca BH^aBaTB Kpejpnv 
Euwh TOBapHm,ecTBaMi> ccyjH 341 otipasoBama ochobheto hxb Kann- 
Tajia. Gcyw cin BHjsflxnvi hjh Ha cpoai, yKaatiBaeiiuft npa paspfc- 
memH ccynu, rih 6escpo?HO, ct> ycjOBiear& o6pam;eHw Ha Bosirfuqe- 
Hie ccy^u, Bnpe^t *o noraaro en norameHia, bc£xi> noayiaeMiixi 
TOBapHin.ecTBOM'L npntiiuefi. 

m. B*b HBMtHeme h jonojaieme noAjemam^xt ysaROHemft nocra- 
hobhtb: 

1) y^pea^enia MejKaro Kpe^wra noflaeatarB maTesy c6opa 8a 
npaBO ToproBJiH h npoMHCiOB'L Ha ocHOBaHiu ct. 256 ycraBa npa- 
Muxt HaJioraxt (cb. saR., t. V, hs*. 1893 r.). 

2) IIpoAeHTU no Bua^airB, BHeceHHHMi> bt> yqpexjema moieato 
KpeAHTa, He noweaarb ofaoatem© c6opoin> claoxo.hob'bot'b jenea- 
hhxt> KanHTajoBx. 

3) Bbiaria on> rep6osaro ctiopa, ycraHOBjemHa bt> n. 7 ct. 58 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CLXX — 

i vb n. 2 cr. 82 ycTOBa o nonuHHaxT, (cb. saK., t. V, H3j. 1893 r.) 
W ccyAoc6eperaTex&HHrB TosapHmeerBft, pacnpocrpaiucDTCH Ha Befe 
ynpesAema Meisaro Kpe#HTa. 

VL OraiM) 69 ycraBa o nonLiHHBXT> (cb. saK., t. V, m&. 1893 r.) 
h3jo*htl ejiAyttin.HM'B o6pa&oifi>: 

Or. 69. OcBofioawaixrca on rep6oBaro c6opa eBHfl4Te*BCTBa Ha 
ihh ccy,fl ( o-c6eperaTejLHuxT, TOBapHmeerBt h Kaccx, a Tarae bhhskh 
rocy^apcTBeHHUxt c6eperaTejBHUXT» KaccL h yqpesxemd Mejmaro 

Kpe^HTa H 3aH6C6HUI Vb CiH RHHSKH. 

Ha nojJHHHQMi Co6cTBeBBOD Ero Hunepatopcaafo BeaHYecssa pyKOD Haracaiio: 
n IIeTepro$* „^*«m% mo ce*sy tt . 

1 iDBa 1895 r. 

nOJIOJKEHIE 

OBX yHPE2t l H 1 EfflflX , B MEJIKATO KPE^HTA. 

1. A^flCTBie cero ncioaema pacnpocrparaeTCH Ha cjixyiomiji 
yqpesxeiriA MaiKaro spe^HTa: a) spe^RTHUH TOBapnmecTBa; 6) ccyjo- 
c6eperaTeJBHHa TOBapmn;ecTBa h Bacctt h b) cejtLCKie, BoiocTHue 
hjh craHB^jHue 6aHBH h Kaccu, 

RpuMftname. CocraBi h ycTpoflcTBO npo^ojfataDm,Hxi> xiritCTBOBaTt 

BT> HtKOTOpUX-L irfcCTHOCTHXt BCHOMOraTejiHUXt h cfieperaraiBHHX'B 

Kaee?> 6HBnraxT» roeyxapcrBeHHHX'B KpemaffB, c6jlckhxt> CaHKOBx 
yxfrn»Haro BftxowcTBa, mhhhhx , l <xyxo-c6eperaTejn>HHX'i» icacc* h xpy- 

TKTb TOMy nOXOCHBIX-B y^peaXGHift OnpeX^JHIOTCJI HBXaHHHMH x*a 

hhxi» oco6hxh npaBHJtaHH n tocthhmh ycTaBaMH. 

2. y^peaxema Mansaro Kpexirra (cr. 1) HMiron. ybxbw xocTas- 
ieme MaaoxocraTOTHHirfc jumain, c&ibckhm'b hjh cTamroHHirB o6me- 
CTBaarB, a Tarate TOBapHmecrBaMt, apTejaMi h xpyraMi hoao6humi» 
coi)3aan>, xtftcTByDmjHMx Ha ocHOBaHin yTBepaxeHHHXx j&h hhxt> 

yCTaBOBl H HpaBHJTB Ha OCHOBaHIH HHCBMeHHHTB XOTOBOpOBTb, — B03- 

losHocrra: a) nojyraTB Ha Heo6peneHHTejiBHHxi ycjoBurxi ccyxH w 
yxoBJierBopema xosaftcTBeHHiixi* noTpetfHOCTefi, h 6) noiAmaTL c6epe- 
zemH w« npHpameHia hbt> nponeHTOBt. 

3. 06pasi*oBHe ycTaBH ynpeaxeHifi Me-iBaro EpexHTa (ct. 1) yr- 

BepSA&DTCA MHHHCTpOSTL (J)HHaHCOB'B HO COrjamemK) CT> MHHHCTpaMH 

BHyTpeHHHX'L x&ra h seawexiuriji h roeyxapcrBeHHHX'B HMym,ecTBi>, 
a AJfl MftcTHocTeft, HaxownprxcH bt> BiximH BoeHHaro uHHHCTep- 
cTBa, — ct, boohhhmx MHHHCTpoifL. Hacrmie ycraBH Kaaxaro OT^tjtL- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CLXXI — 

Haro yqpeafleHia, a Tarate HSir&HeHia chxt» ycraBOBi, yrBepaflaroTca, 
c& co6jK>AeHieMi> nocraHOBjeHift cero nojoaeHia, mhhhctpomi <{>h- 
HaHcoBt, no corjamemro bt» noAJeaantHxi cjyqaaxT> ct> ApyrHMH 
MHHHCTpaMH, Bt b^a^hus BOHXx cocTOffPB cui y*rpea,neHia (ct. 23). 

4. YipeaaeHia MejKaro Kpe^HTa (ct. 1) Moryro npHHHMaTB no- 
aepTjjoBaHia, npiofipiTaTB HMymecTBa, BcrynaTB bt> floroBoptr h o6a- 
aaTejfLCTBa, a Tanae HCKaTB h OTB'feiaTB na cyni. llpiofipiTeme chmr 

yqpeSA^HiAMH H6ABH3BHMOft CO()CTBeHHOCTH .nonycKaeTca JHHIB bt» cjy- 

qaaxi*, yKasaraHxt bt, saKOHi hjh wb ycTaBaxt (ct. 3). 

5. Kpe^HTHHa TOBapnmecTBa (n. a ct. 1) yqpeaAaiyrca Ha cyMMH, 
ccyaceHHHii KasHOH) hjh rocyAapcTBeHHHBTB 6aHKOMi> now* EpyroBoe 
pyiaT&iLCTBO y^acTHHKOBt TOBapnmecTBa. ToBapnmecTBa cm Moryro. 
6htt» Taicae ynpea^aeMH Ha cyMMH, noaepTBOBaHHHa 3eMCKHMH, o6me- 

CTBeHHHMH H TOCTHHMH yqpeafleHUIMH HJH laCTHHMH JHItfLMH, a paBHO 

na cyMMH, ccyateHHHH t&mh ae ynpeaaeHiaMH h jmjaMH do^b spy- 
roBoe pyHaTejfcCTBo yiacTHHKOKB TOBapnmecTBa. 

6. CcyAO-c6eperaTejLHHJi TOBapnmecTBa h Baccu (n. 6 ct. 1) 
yqpeafla»TCtf Ha cyMMH (nan), bhochmha ueHaMH TOBapHm.ecTsa 
eAHHOBpeMeHHo hjh no qacraMii. Kt cyMMaMt .tthmt, Moryn. 6htl 

npHC0e^HHA6MbI HOSepTBOBaHia 3eMCKHXT>, 06H^eCTfieHHUZ , L h toct- 

ruxt> yqpeay^eHift h iacTHHXi> jhij-b, a TaRae ccyau chxi jn*pea- 
jemft h JHATb nofl* KpyroBoe pyqaTeJBCTBO hjchob-b TOBapamecTsa. 

7. Cejn>CKie, BOJOCTHue hjh CTaHHTOHe 6aHKH h Kaccu (n. b ct. 1) 
yqpe«AaiOTaa Ha cyMMH, HasHaiaeMHA &ia 9Toft iv&jh c6Jlckhmh hjh 
craHHHHUMH o6m;ecTBaMH, a Taicae Ha cyMMH, noaepTBOBaHHHH sa3- 

HOH), 36MCRHMH, ofiffl^CTBeHHUMH H HaCTHUMH jmpea^eHifiMH H TOCT- 
HHMH JHIjaMH HJH (ttyaeHHHH CHMH y^peafleHiflMH H JHIjaMH nOflT. OT- 
B^TCTBeHHOCTB CeJLCKHXT> HJH CTaHHTOHXT> ofi^eCTBT., COCTaBHBIHHX'b 

npnroBopH o6t> yipeaaeHiH 6aHKa hjh Kaccu. 

8. Jlnijy, noaepTBOBaBineMy hjh ccyAHfimeMy Ha Heo6peMeHfrreji>- 
Huxt ycjoBiaxt KanHTajB Ha oTKpuiie ynpeaaeHia MejKaro Kpejprra 
hjh ae (^tjaBineMy noaepTBOBaflie Ha ycnjeme ero ofoporaHxt 
cpeACTBi*, Moryn. 6htb npeflocTaajeHH cjiAyromjui npeHMymecTBa: a^ 
3BaHie nonerareja cero yipeafleHia, ct, npaBOMX nojy^aTt otbhoc- 
jLahhto nepio^H^ecKia cBitffeHia o xofli ofioporoBt; 6) npaao npona- 
Bo^CTBa peBH3in A^onpoH3BOACTBa h cieTOBOACTBa cero ynpea^eHiH 
hjh y^acria bt. npaBHTejLCTBeHHoft peBHsin oHaro (ct. 25 h n. 1 
ct. 28, h b) npncBoeme yqpewemi) HaHMeHOBama no <J)aMHjiH y^- 
pe^HrejH. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— clxxii — 

3encKHifB, oCmecTBeHHUMt b ?acTHUMi> y^peacAe.Hi^rb, noaepr- 
BOBaBmmrL hjh ccyAHBnnurB KanHTajx ci> BumeyicasaHHOH) ij&ili), 
Moacen> 6hti> npe^ocraRieHo HasHaqeirie noneTOTexa TOBapHm,ecTBa, 
6amca hjh xaccu, c& npaBOMi nojyqeHm nepioAHiecEHX'L CB4j4Hift 
o xoai nxx o6opoTOOE, a Taxse iipohsbojctbo peBHsiH hot yracrie 
bti> npaBHraibCTBeHHOfi peBHsin ohhxt>. 

9. y?acTHHKH h ^jieHu Kpe^HTHUxx TOBapHnfeCTBi> (n. a ct. 1), 
a xaRse ccyxo-c6eperaTejftHHX'i> TOBapHin,ecTBi> hot KaccB (u. 6 ct. 1), 

HeCyTB 0TBiTCTB6HH0CTI» HO 06&3aTeJBCTBaMl> CHXt TOBapHin;ecTBT> H 

Kacci>, Ha ocHOBaHiH KpyroBofi nopysn. PasirfepH otoA oTBiTCTBeH- 
HOGTH onpeA'IuunoTca ycraMMH (ct. 3). OwisaT&ibCTBa cejHtcraxt, 
BojiocTHUX'b hot CTaHHHHUxt 6aHK0Bi> h KaccB (n. b. ct. 1) ofiesne- 
qHsaDTCJi oTBiTCTBeHHOCTBi) cejicRaro, BOJOCTHaro hjth eraHHHHaro 
o6niecTBa hot KpyroBiiMX pyiaTejBCTBOin> ero qjeHOBi,, coraacHo co- 
cTOflBineifyca o ceafb o6m,ecTBeRHOMy npiiroBopy. 

10. JhnijBL, Hecymja OTBiTCTBeHHocrb no o&isaTejiBCTBaM'B KpeflHT- 
Haro TOBapHmecrBa, a TaKse ccyno-ctfeperaTeiBHaro TOBapnmecrBa 
hot sacra, yqacTByOTB Kb ynpaBjiemH Rbxam TOBapnm;ecTBa hot 
saccu. Etopajoicb cero ynacrin onpeA-LweTCJi ycraBaMH (ct. 3.) 

11. JlHija, cocTOHm,i& qjieHaMH Kasoro ot6o KpeAHTHaro hot ccyao- 
cfiepentTaiLHaro TOBapHmecTBa, He Moryrt 6htl bt> to ae Bpemi qjie- 
HaMH Apyraro no^oCHaro TOBapnmecrBa. 

12. KasAtifi uevB ccy^o-c6eperaTaiBHaro TOJiapnmecTBa Moxen> 
aarlvrb He 6ojie o^Horo naa (cr. 6). Pwmhpb nan He Mosen. 6htl 
Bume era py6jefi. 3aKja#t h Borearo poaa nepejaqa naa hot nae- 
Baro B3Hoca (ct. 6) apyroiiy qjieHy TOBapnmecTBa hot nocropoHHeiiy 
«ny He AonycRarorca. 

13. y^pesAemaarB Mejntaro Epe^irra npeflOcraBjaeTca nponsBo- 
Mjunb cjft^yionpji onepau,m: a) npiem aeHeanHXT, bkotaobt.; 6) sa- 
usraenie .saftMOBi h b) BHAaiy, Ha cposi> He cBume flB&Hajroa™ 
Mt.ciiueBi», KpaTsocpo^Huxi ccy^t ^jeHairb HJH y^aCTHHBaMli TOBapH- 
meerBa hot saccu hot ae qjeHaira oCnjecrBa, bt» KoropoMt y^pea- 
AeHi» 6aHKi>, noAT> ofiasaTeatCTBa, ocHOBaHHtui Ha otihoitb KpeflHrfc 
hot ofiesne^eHHHa nopyroTejn>cTBOM , b. HeaaBHCHMo otb cero, ycTa- 
BaM h chx h ynpeaaemfl (cr. 3) hmt. MoaeT^ 6htl paspimaeMO npons- 
boahtl en^e cjrb,nyH>n^ia onepauin: r) BU^any Ha wen ^ojrrocpoqHHxi. 
BiuaAOB-L H 3afiH0Bi> jmpeaAeHia, a Tanse ero KanirrajioBT,, ^o^ro- 
cpoqHHXt ccy£i> yKa-iaHHimt wl n. b jraijainb, Ha cpoKt He CBume 
usth jrferB, noA'b o6a3aTejn>CTBa, ocHosaHHUH Ha jsheowl Kpewrt 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cLxxm — 

hjih noRh nopyrareiBCTBo; a) BHja^y rkwh «e jramaan, TaKHn> ate 
ccy^x h H3% Taraxx se hctohhhbob'b ho^l aajorL He^HXHwaro 
HMym,ecTBa, npHHa^iesan^aro saeMin;Hsy Ha npaBi nojraoft co6crneH- 
hocth; e) BHAaiy omwh JimjaarB KpaTKOcpo?HHxi> ccyjx, Ha cpoKB 
He CBtinie ABiHawara MicaijeB*, no^B saKia^B cax&CBoxos&ficTBeH- 
hlix-b npoH3B6AeHifi, poMecjennHxt h KycTapHttr& rajiurifi h jpyraxt 
npe^MeTOBi, h a) nocpeflHiraecTBO. no noEymrib npe^MeTOBt, Heotfxo- 

AHMBIXB flM X08AfiCTB6HHHX*B Ha/^HOCTet 08Ha3eHHHX'L JHn.'B, H no 

npo*a»i npoH8Be^emfi Tpyaa sthxx jot^. 

npuMibvauie. YnjiaTa BpaTBocpo*irax , i> ccy^B, a Tame epo^nraxx 
njaTesefi no joirocpcmuMT, ccyxani, Mosero> 6mtl OTCporaBaeMa b-l 
nopajKi h Ha cpoKH, ysasaHnue vb ycTaBaxt (cr. 3). 

14. y^pea^emaMx Me-otaro Kpe^HTa npeflocTaBjaeroi ocTaBjara 
bt> nojB30BaHiH hjh Ha xpaHemn saevmpROVb npHHHHaemiA ort 
hhx-b, vh o6e3ne^eme hx* o6a»aTejiBCTB , b, KBammua HMymecTBa, cb 
tom'l, tto6h osHa^eHHHMi HMy^ecTBaMi. 6Hxa cocraBJiaeMa ohhcb bi 
npncyTCTBifl He MeHie jpyx$ CBHfliTexeft h qrotiii Ha ohhh 6hxh 
HajaraeMH bhahmho roara npieMa hxt> wb saua^i (ne^ara, hxom6h, 
KJefiMa h t. n.), ecra cie no pojy raynjecrBa OKaaerca B08MoaHHm>. 
Ilpn HenajoaemH Ha imymeeTBO TaraxB SHaBOBi, saKja^Hoe npaBO 
y^peajeHui, BH^aBmaro noji o6eBne*eHie cero HMymecTBa ccyay, 
He HarfeerL cara no OTHomemD kt, TpeTBmrL jran,aan>, BcrynHBfflHMi> 
bt> extern cb 3aeMnpKOMT> cxasaHHaro ynpeaaema. IIpoAaxa saxo- 
seHHaro HMymecTBa cl nepeBO^ont AOJira Ha noKynmrnsa aonycKaeTca 
toxbko ct> corxacia yTipeaaema, BHjaBinaro ccyay. 3a coKpurie sa- 
uaAQBB, a vasse sa oroyaaeHie ohhxx #o noramema ccy.pi <5m 
corxacia Kpe^HTHaro y^peafleHia, BtiflaBmaro ccyay, saeim^HEi. npn- 
BieBaercA Kb OTBiTcroeHHOCTH, ycTaHOBiteHHofi sa pacrpaTy HMyme- 
cTBa, BBftpeHHaro pa coxpaHema (cr. 1681 h 1682 yxoa. Haras, h 
ct. 177 ycr. HaKa3., H3A. 1885 r.). 

15. Ilpn npoAaaii no BaseHHUHx hxh ^acTHHifB BSHCKamaaiB HMy- 
mecTBa, o6esneraBaiomaro ccyay, Bu^aHHyro Ha ocHOBamn ct. 14, 
flfijorb ynpeafleHii) Mejotaro Kpe^HTa, ct» npH^Kraioni^BiHca npoi^eH- 
TaMH. y^oMeTBopaerca npeac^e KaaeHHHX'B h qacrHuxi BSucsaHift. 

16. CcyAH, o6e8neHeHHH« 3ajoroMi> hxh sattia^ourB (n.n. a h e 
ct. 13), BBHCBHBaiDTca wtKB cl saioiseHHaro, TaKTb H CO BCflKarO 
Apyraro HMymecTBa aaenciii^Ea, Ha Koropoe no 3aKOHy Moatert 6utl 
o6pan^eHo BBHCBaHie. 

17. IIpOCpO^eHHUH CeyXH B8HCKHBa»TCfl KpeAHTHHMH TOBapHID[e- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— clxxtv — 

mam, a Tasse ccyA0-c6eperaTejn»HHMH TOBapiimecTBaMH h EaccaMH, 
^pesi nojHuii) h bojoctho6 npasjeme, soTopua otSasami npncTy- 
hhtb Kb onflCH HMynj,ecTBa HeHcnpaBHaro saemUHEa hxh et> flpyrmrb 
Mtpain, BSUCBaHiA, no yxasaHii) BpeflHTHaro ynpeaaema, He nosa- 
Hie ceMH AHefi co j^Hfl nojy^ema 3a#Bjema o tomi TOBapnm;ecTBa 
hjh saccu. Bt» .najiLHiflnraxTb aMctblhxx no BSHCKam© ccyau bo- 
jocTHoe npaBJEeme h noraijia pyEOBOflCTByiDTca npaBHjaMH, yaraHOB- 
fflBBbnm noAiesanqiMH saEOHonojoaemaMH. CejrtCEHMH, bojocthhmh 

HJH GTaHHHHIIHH 6aHBaMH H KaCCaMH HpOCpOieHHIM CCy^H B8HCEH- 
BaiDTCfl Wb nOp^K*, yCTaHOMeHHOMTB AJLA BSHCBaHiH MipCKHXt c<5oporcb. 

18. Etpa HeycninraocTH BTopnroaro Topra Ha 'sajoaeHHoe jrcpe- 
a^emi) uejutaro Epe^HTa He^BHaraMoe HMymecrBo (n. &. ct. 13), HMy- 
mecTBO aro nocrynaert B'B nojHyio co6cTBeHHO<yrB cero y^peayjema, 
KOTopoe otiasaHO npo#aTB oHoe vh Te?eme no jyro^a ct ToproBt hjh 

BO BOJBHOfi J&Hh. 

19. KpeAHTHiw TOBapHn^ecTBa, a Tasse ccyao-c6eperaTejLHHa to- 
BapamecTBa h Eaccu, no^TOHaiOTca npaBHjaMt o npeEpamemn &M- 
craiS ^acTHHxx h o6mecTBeHHHxx ycTaHOBjemd EpaTEOcpo^Haro spe- 
jroa (ct. 75 — 133 pass. X ycr. Epej., cb. sas. t. XI h. n, asa* 
1893 r.). 

20. YcTaBx speAHTHaro TOBapHntecraa aojaeHt co,aepataTB bx> 
ceftfc: a) osHaneme HamieHOBaHia, soTopoe npHHEHaen TOBapnme- 
ctbo, h Hicra, ra&OHO y^peaaaeTca; 6) nopaaos'B o6pa80Bama ochob- 
Haro sanHraja; b) nepeiHCjeme AosBOJieHHHX'B TOBapnmecTBy onepa- 
nifi; r) nopa^oEt xpaHeHia EanHTajroB'b TOBapnmecTBa; &) nopals* 
h ycjroBiii H86pama y^acTHHEOBx TOBapHmecraa, a Tasse hxt> BHxo.ua 
h HCEJD^eHia h.tl cocTaBa oHaro; e) pasarfcpfc OTBiTCTBeHHocTH y^a- 
cthhkob'b no ofiaBaTejBCTBani, TOBapHm,ecTBa (ct. 9); ») nopa#OKB 
npieiia h BosspaTa BEJia^oBx, a Tarae HaTOCJtema h BUftaiH no hhstl 
npoi^eHTOBx; 3) npe^ijrBHHfi paaMipt otfasaTejrBCTB'L TOBapHn^ecroa 
(no BiLia^aMt h saftMaMt); h) nopaaoBt onpexkxema Epe^nra y^a- 
cthhkob-i, TOBapHn^eciBa, BUAa^n hmt» ccy^?,, ynjiaTH no OHinrtiipo- 
i^eHTOBX, BOSBpaTa ccy^t h BSucsaHia npocpoHeHHHXt njaTeaefl no 
ecyaamb; i) cnocofo o6esne^eHia BHflaHHHXfc ccyA'B h npeAijLHHXt 
pasirfcpoBt ohlix-l: e) cnocoCt cocTaBjema sanacHaro sanHTaxa, ero 
xpaHema h Ha3Ha?em& sas% bo BpeMa .nifiCTBia, Tast h no saspu- 
Tin TOBapHm,ecTBa; ji) nopa^OEt HcqECjema hhctoS npnfiuja hjh 
y6uTEa no onepan^aMi> TOBapnmiecTBa, pacnpe^^jema npnfiHJiHHno- 
Kpuria y6uTEa; m) nopaAosrb ynpaBJieHia TOBapHm;ecTBa h H36pama 

x. Dpax. 06m. kh. rn 1895 r. 13 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CLXXV — 

jhi^b, saB^UBannpncb A^aMH TOBapHmecTBa, a Taxse uepeqncje- 
Hie rjaBHifiaiHX'L hxt» o&raaHHocTefi (cr. 10); h) onpe^iieHie o6mpYh 
ocHOBaHifi oTqeTHOcni h o) onpeAiueme fijiusaftmaro nopajpta saRpu 
Tin TOBapHiuecTBa h JHKBHAanJH ero A&n> (ct. 19). 

21. YcraBt ccyxo-c6eperaT6JBHaro TOBapnmecTBa hjh ttaccu joj- 
aceHi> coAepataTb bt> ceftb, upoirfi nocraHOBJemft, yBa3aHHUXi> bt> 
ct. 20, eme onpetfkieHie pasirfcpa naeirB h naeBuxi bshocobt. (ct. 6), 
a TaKse 03Ha?6Hie nopa^sa BdHoca qjeHam naeBi* h BosBpamema 
naeBuxx bshocokb Bu6uBHiBirB h HCKJK>qeHHumb qjeHaira. 

22. ycraBx cejEcsaro, BOJOCTHaro hjh cTaHH<raaro 6aHsa hjh 
Kaccu tfijLxeR'b 'cojepsaTb Bt ce64 uocraHOBjemfi, yKasaHHUH b% 

CT. 20, KpOM'Ii nyHKTOB'B a H e. 

23. Otfmee saBijHBame spexnTHUMH TOBapHmecroaMH, a Tasse 
ccyAoc6eperaTej[BHuiiH TOBapHmecTBaMH h saccaMH, cocpeAOToqHBaeTca 

BT> MHHHCTepCTBi (f)HHaHCOB'L. CeJBCKie, B0J0CTHU6 HJH CTaHHTOHe 
OaHKH H BaCCU COCTOOTb BT> B^imA MHHHCTepCTBX BHTTpeHHHXt 

Khjn> h BoeHHaro, no npHHa^iesHOCTH. 

24. yipeayjeHia MejKaro Kpe^HTa oSasaHH npeflCTanjaTB bobch- 
soe Bpeiui, no TpeCoBaniE) MHHHcrepcTBa (jjHHaHcoirB, bc4 Kacatomjactf 

HXT, CB^A^HiA. 

25. MHHHCTpy (J)HHaHcoBi> npeAocTaBJAercA HasHaqaTi, peBH3in 
ynpea^eHift Maisaro Bpe^HTa; no npeABapirrejbHOMy npHTOMt corja- 

meHiK) CI MHHHCTpOMT> BHyTpeHHHX'b flfajTh HJH BoeHHHMT,, HO HpH- 
HaAJeXHOCTM, 0THOCHTeJQ»H0 CeJLCEHX'B, BOJOCTHUXt HJH CTaHOTHBIX'b 

6aHK0Bl HKaccx. 

26. MHHHCTpt (J)HHaHCOBT> M03BOTB BOCHpen^lTB J^^eXMfiBiOM'h 

MejRaro Kpe&HTa, othocrt6jbho Koropuxi oto fiyaerb npH3HaH0 He- 
o6xoahmhmi>, npoHSBOACTBO onepaijift, noHMeHOBaHHUXx bt» nn. r — jk 
cr. 13, onpe^iMTb nopfiAOKi> jHKBHflaijiH bthxt> ouepaijiii n HasHa- 

WLTb OKOHqaTeJBHUft W C6IH) CpOKT.. 

27. BjHsaftmee HadiDxeme sa KpeAHTHUMH TOBapnmecTBaiiH, no*!. 
o6n^nm» pyKOBOACTBOMt rocyxapcTBeHHaro (Saraa h noAiesanpntit 
artcTHUXi* ero yqpesmemfl, BO&iaraeTca, bt> nopajKi, yKasamoirL 
ct. 19 h npnM. kt> Heft ycraBa cero 6aHsa, Ha areHTOBi 6aHKa h hxt> 
noMom > BHKOBT>, a Taitae Ha apyrHXT* hkhobx m4cthhxi> y^pea^enift 
6aHKa. OsHaieHKHMt xojshocthhmi> JHi^an, no HcnoJHemio ottasaH- 
Hocrefi Ha6jR)xeHia 3a EpejpiTHitifH TOBapnu^ecTBaMH, npncBOHBaeTCH 
HaHMonoBaHie HHcneRTopoBi> Kpe^HTnuxT, TOBapHin;ecTBT>. 

28. Ha HHcneBTopoBi Kpe,a;HTHHX'L TOBapnmecTBT» (cr. 27)B03ja- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CLXXVI — 

raeTca: 1) peBHsta xaccu, OTieTHocrH h AiuonpoHSBOACTBa TOBapn- 
mecTRt; 2) Ha6j»AeHie 3a HcnoJHeHieMt huh Tpe6oBamft saKOHa h 
ycraBa h 3) co3Bame, Bt oiyvali HaAo6Hoeni, qpe3Bbiqa#HHXT> oGiu.hx'l 
co6panifi TOBapiui^ecTBi. 

29. Bt> cjiyqat o6HapyateHm HHcnesropoifb 6e3nopjiAKOBi> hjh 
aioynorpedjemft bt» A'k*oiipoH3BOACTB'h h cictoboactb* KpeAHraaro 
TOBapHin,ecTBa, oht> Moaten> BpeneHHo y^sui stl vn> ao-hkhocth ahivb, 
saB^AUBaion^xx ero A'taaMH, npHHimafl BMiierb ct> rliifL Mtpu ki> 
ofeaneqeHii) 6e30CTaHOfioiHaro Teiema cext xhxh. 

30. IIoapo6huh npaenja o nopa a** A'bBcTBifi HncneKTopoBt Kpe- 
jhthux'b TOBapHiu,ecTBT> no ncnojmeHiio Boajiaraenbixt Ha hhxt> o6a- 
saHHocrel onpeAfcraDTca bi> oco6omi> Haxasb, pa3CMaTpHBaenoarb co- 
b£tomi> rocyAapcTBBHHaro 6aHKa h yTBepatAaenoin> mhhhctpomt, <J> H - 

flaHCOBT*. 

Ero HunepaTopcKoe BejHiecTBO BOcnocjrbAOBaBmee MHtHie wl 
o6n;ein> co6pamH rocyAapcrfieHHaro CoatTa 1 i»M Bucoqafime 

yTBep£HTI» COHSBOlHXb H DOB&rkrB HCnuiHHTB. 

733. pazpMueniu o6u^ecmey Ph3o,hcko- YpaAhacou otceAftoHOii 
dopotu nocmpoumb nodwb3dnou nym% orm cmanuiu BoAum, AmitapcKb- 
BoAhCKou ewmw, do p. Bomu, a> npucmanwo y smou ptbxu u OAuta- 
mopoKb. 

734. npucoeduneniu KopoAeecmea Cep6iu u KHHOtcecmaa JLux- 
meHUtmeuHi m> nocmanoeAeniHMb $pe3deHCtcoii canumapnou xomeH- 
nxu 1893 %oda. 

repnaHCKift HOCOJT> HSFfcCTHJIt MHHHCTepCTBO HHOCTpaHHUXt &%*% 

on* HM6HH CBoero npaBHToahCTBa, BljAaiomaro a'&Joupohsboactbom'b 
do rfuravB r 9 l pe8AeHCB0fl KOHBemuH 1893 ro^a, o npHcoeAHHeHiH Ko- 
poieBCTBa Cep6in h KrauKecrBa JlHXTeHmrefiH'L si» uocTaHOBjienuiML 

OSHaqeHHOfi K0HB6HIPH. 

BpeiieHHO ynpaBM»mift miHHCTepcTB0M7> HHOcrpaHHiixi* flM-h, 
BcenoMaHH-fefiinHMi. A0&iaA0Mi» on> 4 (freBpajui 1895 roAa, aob&si> o 
cent ao Bucoiaftinaro uvhxhBix, upHqeMt HcnpocHJi coHSBOjreme 
ToeyAapa HiinepaTopa Ha m-hXBjeme ct, namefi cropoHH Ha to co- 
rjacui. 

IIo coofimemro HMnepaTopcKaro nocojLCTBa bt, Bhwh h Hiiuepa- 
TopcKofi Mnccin bi E'fijrpaA'k, BpeMeHem npHcrynjieHia aTHxt rocy- 
AapcTB-L Kb cKaaaHHoft ApeaAeHCKofi caHHrapnofi kohbch^h aojwkho 
CTOTaxb 30 Maa (11 i»Ha) 1894 roAa am Cep6iH h 8 (20) cewrx6pa 
Toro oe roAa a^w JbiXTemnTeftHa. 

12* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CExxvn — 

BHmen&roseHHOBrB mhhhctpb dcth^h, 30 naa 1895 roja, npea- 
jk>»hji> npaBHTejLCTByromeMy ceHaTy. 

735. npaeuMxi 6e3fuamnato no otceMb3HMMh dopotawb npo- 
mda npaeumeAhcmeennbixz doAotcnocmntAXb Auv/b^ CAyotcau^uxb na au~ 
ninxb otcejiib3HUXb dopoiz, uxi ceMeficmvb, npaeumeAbcmeeHUHXh doAoic 
nocmnwTb MW) na o6mannocmu Kouxb Aeotcutm xoumpoAh u nad3opb 
no pa3MHHiAMb wcmAMb ynpaeAenin otceAfb3Htoxb dop<n% uau pynoeo- 
dumeAhcmso dtbiicmeiRMn outaxh^ a poena npaeumeAbcmeeHnuvb doA&c- 
uocmnwrb auw, koujm> 6e3njtamHHu npotb3&b no o^ceAtb3HfAM^ dopo- 
%am> pa3pfbiuem oco6umu BhcohcliIiuumu no6e^n»uumu. 

Ha ocHOBamn cr. 7 npnaoa. kt> ct. 329 (npinrfra.) cb. saK. t. I 
i. 2, y^peatA* npaB. ceHaTa, -H3.K. 1886 r., mhhhctpb njrefl coo6me- 
ma, 12 i»H& 1895 r., npeacTaBart bt> npaBHTejBCTByrontffi ceHart, 
jm pacny6jniKOBaHia bo Bceofimee CBiy$Hie, Koniro nocTaHOBjema 
CBoero, on» 10 /i2 irora 1895 ro,n;a sa Jfc 9.723, ,o npaBMaxt 6es- 
MaTflaro no ae-iiaHHM'B AoporaMi. npofejja npaBHTejBCTBeHHHxi 

flOJUKHOCTHHXt JHD,!., (^X&TOJBX'b Ha JTHHUIXTb aeiiftHHX'B flOpOrfc, 
HX£ C6MeflCTBT», npaBHTejLCTBeHHHX'B JOJHKHOCTHHX'B xrht>, Ha o6a- 
3aHHOCTH KOHXt JLeXBTb KOHTpOJCb H HWOpt HO paSJH^HHMT, ^EC- 

tjhtl ynpaBjema ^ajisHbixt aopori, euh py&OBOAHT&XLCTBO flift- 

CTBiflMH OHHXt, a paBHO IipaBHTeJILCTBeHHHX'B AOJKHOCTHUXt JHH.^, 

kohmx (JeamraTHHfl npoisflTb no aari&HHMfc ,n;oporaMT» paspimeHt 
oco6hmh BucoHafimHXH noBaiiHiaMH", — ct npHJoaemeirb TaKOBHXt 
npaBHJt. 

nOCTAHOBJTEHIE 

MHHHCTPA nyTB& OOOBII^HIfl. 

10 /w ton* 1895 %oda y 
J* 9.723. 

nPABHJTAXT> BESBJATHATO 00 aEJIiSHUMTb flOPOraiTL nPO^Sfla IIPABH- 
TEJICTBEHHHX'B flOJ»HOCTHHXfc JffllVL, CJYJKAHI,HX'L Ha JHHiflXt a. flO- 
POrL, HXT> CBMBftCTBt, HPABHTEJteCTBEHflHX'B aOJaHOCTHHXt JHI^B, Ha 
0M3AHH0CTH KOHXt XBSSBTb KOHTPOJB H HA^OFL HO PA3JnWHHin> 1A0- 

thmi ynPABJEHia a. sopor's mh pttcoboahtobctbo flaficTBiaaiH ohhxt>, 

A PABHO nPABHTBJLCTBEHHHX'b flOJaHOarHHXT* JHIIi'B, KOHMt BE3MAT- 

Huft rnwhwh no a. aoporAMx PASPfcrneHT, ocobhmh BHamfinraMH 

nOBEJH&HLHMH (CT. 1, CT. 4 (n.n. a H (?) H CT. 5 3AK0HA 19 fiHBAPH 

1893 roM). 
Oxo6pHBi>, no coiMamemro ex no^eaanqiHH MHHHcrpaHH h rocy- 
AapcTBeHHUMT, KOHTpojepom,, Ha ocHOBamn ct. 5 Bucoia&me yTBqpa- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CLXxvm — 

jeHHaro, fb 19 jieub oHBapa 1893 ro^a, MHimia rocy^apcTBeHHaro 
cosiTa o jbroTHLrxx no aej. AoporaMx nepeBosBax'B, bt> oratey pac- 
ny6jraKOBaHHHx , B fb ^ 38 co6p. yaan. h pacn. npaB. 3a 1894 r. f 
ct. 305 v BpeMeHHux , B npaBHXb uroTHaro no s&rfttHHM'b Aoporairo 
npotg^a npaBHTejrbCTBeHHUX'B ^ojtaHOCTHHXi raiji, ciyaamnx-L Ha 
iHHLflXT> xexhmuTb flopon*, hxt> ceMeftcTBi», npaBHTejLCTBeHHuxt 

AOJXHOCTHUXT, JHIJ'B, Ha 06fl8aHH0CTH KOHXt jeSHTB KOHTpO Jb H HaA- 

3opi> no paain^Hunfb tocthmx ynpaBJiema sai. floport hjih pyKO- 

BOAHTeXbCTBO JffefiCTBioiIH OHUXX, a paBHO npaBHT&lBCTBeHHHXl flOJS- 

hocthux'b jhii,t>, kormx JLroTHufi npofefl* no s. .noporaMi paspi- 
meFB oco6mmh BucoqafinmMH noBejfeHumH",— HHaecaiayromui npa- 
BHja 6esnjaTHaro no sej. ^oporaMt np0i3.ua yRasaHHuxi Bume 
JHijt, — npefljrararo bc£m?> Ea36BHHMi» h qacTHmrb aej. floporaMi 

npHHATb 9TH HOCJ&AHk HpaBHJia KT> TO^HOMy pySOBOACTBy H HCHOJ- 

Hemi). 

17 iiOHH A* 99. 

736. 0tf& ymeepucdeuiu ycmaea n Toeaputi^eemea napoeou $a6puxu 
CKo6mbvn> u dpyiuxb MemaJUunecKuvb mdfbAiu 6pambeeb TenAoeuxb 
9b xopodfb Tyjub*. 

787. npuMfbnemu m KaHcmaumunoecKOMy apmuAAepiuacoMy 
ynuAuityy nopxdm nonynm u 6Hfb3chcu eh nadpaxb meoAepiitocato 
3anaea cmpoeeuxb sepxosuxh AOtuadeu, ycmanooAeNHato 6a* Muxati- 
jmcKaw apmuAAepiucKato ynmutqa. 

738. npumefb *b yne6m4ii c6opb 1895 %. 1m ty6epni# u o6ao 
emeu EeponeucKoti Pocdu u K(MKa3a huoichux% nufwe% 3ana^^ nfbxomta, 
mme& u xprbnocmnou apmuAJiepiu, a manotce 3anaenuarb huoichux* 
Hunoeb nrbxomu ust myzeMVfiffb 3aK06Ka3t>x, TepcnoA u Kyfanatou 
tiMjLcmeii. 

789. uoetAXb npodaotCHHXt utbnax* Ka3ennuxb euna ucnupma 
Aw omchbAhHbizh Mncmnocmeu paiona KaaenHoil npodaoicu numeH. 

740. Of/b ymsepotcdeniu ma6AUW* mapu$m*8% nocmamiionnuxb 
paacmoAHiii EosA^eo-BoponeoiccKOTPocmoecKoii oiceAtb3HOu dopoiu, djui 
nepeeo3Ku naccaotcupoeb uipy3<m 6ommou acopocmu. 

741. 06% ymeepotcdeuiu ma6Auw* maptufinburb nocmanuioHHuoTb 
pcucmojmiu MocKoecKO-PxiaHCKaw ynacmKa Mockqgckq - Ka3ancKou 
dtc€An>3HOu dqpoiu, 6a* nepeoom* tpyaoeb mciaoH ctcopocmu. 

742. 06* ymeepmdeniu ma6Auw mapufpHV&b nocmauuioHHUXb 
pcucmoHHiii OpAoecKO'BumeScKod zceAib3Hou dopovu: 1) Mynooo-JIio- 
duHKoecKoH mmeu.a) 6a* nepeeosm naecaoicupoth u tpysow 6oaww& 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CLXXIX — 

CHopocmu, 6) Sam nepeeo3Ku ipysoeb moaou cKopocniu; 2) noJiycmanmU 
OAcy^keeo, KpanueuncKax u rnnadoeo u 3) noAycmatmiu Ctbttiun- 
ckoh, 6ah nepeeo3KH ipyzo&b moaou ctcopocmu. 

748. 06b ymeepoKdeniu maOMiuu mapwfintAXb nocmanuioHHbtxi 
pa3cmoxniu HpunoecKato y3KOK0Aedna%o nodbnadnaio nymu <)ah nepe- 
603KU naccaneupoeb u ipy30&b. 

744. npaeuAOXb nepeeostcu MOAOtca no oiceAtb3HUMi OopoicuM*. 

745. 06% ucKMOveniu cm. Odecea-rMWHOH U3% mafijiuutx maputf- 
w*x% nocmaHuioHHHXh paacmonmu KHo'3anadnuxh QiceAtb3Ht*m> dopoi%. 
Sax nepeeosKu ipy306% moaou ctcopocmu. 

19 Iiohh K 100. 

746. 06b ymeepotcdeniu noAootcenix o 300AoiunectcoMb My3en> Kime* 
pamopcKou AtcadeMiu Haytcb u utmama cew ynpeotcdcnix 

747. 06b ymeepotcdeniu ycmaea axuiouepuato o6u}ecnwa 6ax 
ycmpoucrma u Mcctuoamawu tcouHO-oiceAn>3HtAX% dopoi% a% Pocciu. 

748. cpoKaxb HcwaAa u npexpaupeHix ycuAeumto otcaAoeanbx 
offtuuepcKum HunaMb. 

20 liOBfl J* 101. 

749. 06% omnyotcdeniu seMeAb no&b ycmpoucmeo tuocce om% ko- 
3apMU Xandepe do ypoHuu+a Kapayptana na Kaetcasn*. 

760. nad3opn, Munucmepcmea nymeti coo6tqenix 3a C.-llemep- 
6ypw BtbAOocmpoecKUMb ynacmtcoM% 0uHAxndctcux% otceA9b3Hbtx% dopovb. 

751. 06% usMtbneniu u donoAuemu noAOotcenix o6b Ejmepamop- 
ckoU eoeuHO-MeduwHCKofi amdeMtu u tumama ceto ynpeotcdenix. 

752. dotWAneniu noAOQtcmix o npitonm Upunuxt Uempa Teop- 
tieeuna OAbdenSypwKato npaeuAOMu omnocumeAbHO onpedttAenix na 
HtbKomoptax doAQtCHOcmu e% npitomtb auh% % ne uMtbtouiuxb nunoeb, 
coomenmemeeHHMXb kaoccomz doAotcnocmeu^ uau hc uMtvioutux* eoece 
Hunoeb, a maxotce o npaetb cuxb auu% na nunonpouseodcmeo 3a eu- 
CAyxy Atbmb. 

758. 06b ycmpoilcmen> napoocodntaxb coo6tqeM& no P- flenoptb u 
MCMdy ycmteMb ex u ApzameAbctcoMb. 

754. npuHucAeniu tc% cnet4iaAbHt*M% cpedcmeoMb Munucmepcmea 
(fiunaHco&b cyMAVb, nocmynaiou§ux% eb yruymy sa pa6omu munoipcufiiu 
iuma6a omdtbAmato tcopnyca notpanuHtwti cmpaoicu. 

755. nepeuucAeuiu ceAeniu XMtbAeii u Ptbnetcb U3% Cmapopyc- 
ctcato eb flfiMXHCKxH yn>3d%, Hotnopodctcou iy6epniu. 

756. 06b yeeAuneniu ocnoonaio tcanumaAa n To«apuuiectnea Hea- 
Hoeo-Bo3HeecHCKoii mtcautcou MaHytfiatcmypu* . 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CT.XXX — 

757. npunamiu KanumoAa, 3a<mu)aHHaio uexoeoio Kauhkcp- 
<fycb na ynpeotcdenie mpexb cmunendiu eh MocKoeacoMb HunoAoee- 
cicoMb cupomcxoMb unanumymtb. 

758. npuHwniu mnumoAa, npedcmaeAennaio eh noAt>3y dtbtn- 
<xo& 6oAhHuuu Ilpunua Ilempa 0Abden6yptCK€U0 dytuenpunatyUKOMb 
3y6uaio epaua BaAAeuiume&Ha, HtnamieMh Kundep^pedndoMb. 

759. OGb ynpeotcdeniu eh nodefbdoMcmeeunHXh RmnepamopcKomy 
yeAoen>KOJMo6ueoMy o6utecmey 3aeedmuixh: 1) odnoti 6e3nAamHo# kom- 
namu eh y6nacuuyb u detueeuxh xeapmupaxh Muxatua u Ettaa- 
em* Ilempoeuxh, na MaAOti Oxmtb, eh C.-IIemep6ypm, u 2) deyxh 
cmunendiu: a) odnou eh IIoneHumeAtcmetb d*a c6opa nootcepmeoeaniu 
m eoenumanie u ycmpo&cmeo 6n>dnt*xb dtbmeu eh Mctemepcmeo, eh 
C.'IIemep6ypitb, u 6) dpywu eh CepiieecnoMb omdtbAeniu 6ah moa*- 
Hwcoeh dthmcKaw npiwma, cocmoawtaw npu YiAUHCKuxh 6oiadn>AtHJLn> 
*IeAoetbKOAto6ueato ofhqecmea. 

760. npuHjmiu n Bu6AiomeKu M. K). lepMonmoea eh top. 
Ilenm* nodh Aeiycmtbuiuee noKpoeumeAbcmeo E%o SjmepamopcKato 
Bbieoneemea BeAutcaxo Kha3* KoncmanmuHa KoncmanmuHoeuHa. 

761. npodAeniu epoxa 6ah co6p<mia ocnoenato KanumoAd 
tAKuionepnaw 06y^ecmea 3aAeotced meecmnoeato komhh eh c. Hea- 

HOeCKOMb*. 

762 06b ynwepotcdemu lumama noAUneucKOti KOMandt* i. Eo6po- 
ea y BoponeotccKOti iy6epniu. 

763. 06b yHpeatcdeniu eh CAo6odtb Kympnu, fipancKaio ynada. 
mpexb doAOKHOcmeu topodoettzb. 

764. 06b ynpeo/cdeniu eh MtbcmenKtb 0paysn6ypt\ roAbdumen- 
arno ynada, doAOfcnocmu deyxb MAadtuuxh wpodoewxh. 

24 IWBfl M 102. 

765. nencioHHtAXh npcteaxh Medunoeh u (fiapMaueemoeb, zanu- 
Motamuxh eh rocydapcmeeunoMh KonrnpoAfb doAOtcuoctnu, mpe6yww,ifi 
tpaotcdancKuzh u epaHe6nuxb no3HaHi#. 

766. pacxodfb napeMonrm 3damx 6oAhHuw* &> t. PadoMUCAtb^ 
Kieeacou ty6epniu. 

767. donoAHeniu npaeuAb o Hacmnou zopnonpoMUiuAeHHOcmu. 
rocyaapcTBeHHufi cob4tt> MtmnieMb noAootcuAh: 

Rb H3nrkHeme h aonojuieHie noAJeoainHXi ysaKOHemft uocTa- 
hobhtl: 

1) HaHMeHLmifi prnwipb njoiu,aAH oTBo.ua pyAHHKa, oT^aBaeMaro 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CLXXXI — 

MaflAjMieirB seaua kb apeaay (ct. 209 ycr. ropH.) wa pasaaro po.ua 
ncsonaeHUXi h jyui pa&eraaaro poaa irbcropoasAeaifi, ojipeAftjaeTca 
corjacHO BBCTpyKitfa, cocraBjaeiiofi ropauMi, yieHHira komht6tomt>, 
ct YiBejmji&m& Maaacrpa aeiuiexhxw a rocyAapcTBeaBHX'B anymecTBi*, 
h npeflCTaMaeMoft npaBHTejBCTByDmeMy ceaaTy jyra pacny^juusoBama 
bo Bceo6m.ee cBiftiaie. Ilpa cocTaBjeaia osaaieaaofi aacTpyKitfB aa- 
6j»^aeTca, tto6h aoxoaboctbk) pyKaaaa noKpuBajacb saTpara apea- 
MTopa, noTpefiaua ^xa npaBaa&aaro ero ycTpoftcraa a #ia 6e30- 
nacHaro BOAeaia ropauxi* pa6ori>. 

2) Otbo^t* pyaaaaa, oTjaBaeiiaro Bxapeaay (cr. 209 ycr. ropa., 
H8A- 1893 r.), ^oiaeffiB 6htl cflkiaat bi BaTypi. 

3) Rxaa&ieiVB, oTAaBnriS pynBaKx kb apeaay, o6asaffB npe^cra- 
bhtb ropHOMy ynpaBjemro bjb ropHOMy AenapTaaeBTy, no npaaaa- 
jeatHocTH, Kpoirt niaaa 0TB0,n;a (ct, 210 ycr, ropH.), sacBH^feTait- 
CTBOBaHHyD BoniK) ct AoroBopa 06% apeHji. 

4) 3a aeBcnojraeaie Tpe6oBamfl, 08BaieaBHXi> bt> ct. 2 a 3, 
BBHOBBue no^BepraKxrca ^eaeaaoay BSHCKaniio, Btpasirtpi necnume 
aaTBxecaTa py6jeft, aajaraeMOMy Bt a^MaaHCTpaTaBHOMx nopaAKfc 
ropmjM'L ynpaBjeHieMTb ara ropauMi* ^enapTaaeBTOM-L, no npaaafl- 
jeataocTB. 

5) ropaonpoMunueaaaBa otiasaau bcctb paspa6oTBy pyflBBKOB* 
a npiacKOBt TaKBMX o6pa30Mi>, hto6h oaa ae saTpy^aaja ((JaaaHecKB 
hjh dKoaoManecsa) AaJCbHifimefi paspafioTKa Toro ae hjh cociflBaro 
M^CToposAeaia. 

6) Pa6oTU bt> pyAHHKi hjh npiacai aohkbh npoasBOjprr&ca no 
apeABapaT&iBao cocraaseHHOMy ropaonpoMunueaaaBOirL upoeKTy 
paspafioTKB. 

npuMtbHOHie. Paspa6oTKa acBonaemiz'B, sajeraionprB bt» m4cto- 
po3BA6aiaxi> rafeaoBHXTb, a Tame othochmmx'l aaocaoBaaia ct. 721 
ycr. ropa. kt> paspa^y Meaie sHaqHrejbHhixt, AosBOjaerca (fesx npe,n;- 
BapErrejLHaro cocraBjeaia npoesra paspa6oTKB, ho bo Bcaaoin, cay- 
qai oaa AOjasaa npoasBOABTBca npaBajLBHMa ropauMa pa6oTaMa. 

7) HpoeicrL paspa6oTKH (ct. 6) npeflcrasjaeTca ropaonpoMumiea- 
BBKOirL oapysaoay aaseaepy, KOTopufi aafijio^aerB, ito6u oht> 
y^OBJieTBopajB Tpe^BaHiaMi, aaioseaauATB bt, cTaTbaxx 1 a 5. 

Ecjh, wh Teqemn o^aoro iricaija co aaa npe^CTaBJieaia ropao- 
npoMunuieBBBEOii'B npoeaTa pa3pa6oTKB, co cropoau oapyaaaro aase- 
aepa ae nocxbAyera Bospaseaift, to ropHonpoMimueHHEKB bi npaBi 



Digitized by 



Google 



— clxxxii — 

npoHSBOAHTB patioTti no npeAcra&ieHHOHy npoenry, Kasi> 6h oht> 6njn> 
ojotfpeffB OKpysfiUMT> HHaeHepont. 

Ecjh OBpyaHufi HHaceHepx Hasten* HyaHmrt cxhx&Tb wb npoeErt 
HSMiH^Hia, to oht> o6asairB, bt> ynoMaHyTHfi Mic^qHtifi cpoKL, npn- 
rjacHTb ropHonpoMHnueHHHKa w coBirfecTHaro otfcyamema chxt> 
H3iriiHeHifi. Bi> cjyiai, ecan Meafly hhmh ho coctohtch coriamemA, 
npoeKTB pa3pa6oTKH, ct 3aMtHaHiHMH OKpyaHaro HHaerepa h ofo- 
£CH6Huoffl ropHonpoMunueHHHKa, npeAcraBjaerca bi ropHoe ynpaB- 
jeme hjh bt> ropHNft aenapTaMeHT*, ho npiraa&ieaHocTH; y^pea- 
xeHiH tin, HcnpocHBi b*l cjywfc BCTpiTHBrnnxca coMHimfi sasjii)- 
nemeropHaro y^reHaro KOMHTOTa, nocraHOM«ron> pimeme, odasaTejL- 
Hoe axh ropHonpoMHBLieHHHKa. 

DpH HeoCxo^HMOCTH cfliuraTb cymecTBeHHMii OTCTyMema otl 0,506- 
peHHaro yaenpoeKra paspatforra, Bonpoct o<5t>3thxt> 0TCTynjemaxi> 
paspimaercji TiMxae nopa^KOMt. Ecjh ae, BcaiflcrBie HenpeflBH#fcH- 
hhxt» o6cToaTeiBCTBi», OKaaerca HeoCxo^HMMMt oTCTynHTb otb npoeKTa 
paspa6oTEH 6e30T*araTejiLH0, to ropnonpoMHiiLieHHHK'b o6a3aHi yB&- 
IOmhtb o cem» OKpyaHaro HHaeHepa He ho8ah4*6 ceMH jHei. 

8) Bt> cjyqat HecofaroAema ropHonpoMunueHHHKOMt npaBurb, 
naioaeHHHXx wb ct. 5, 6 h 7, hjdbe oTCTynieHia 6e3*L yBaaHTeifc- 
Euxb npH^ram* orb yTBepaaeHHaro npoeKra pa3pa6oTKH, npHMi- 
HJOOTca nocTaHOBjeHia CTaTefl 735 — 738 ycr. ropH. Ecjih ae flBy- 
spaTHoe noaoaeme npHcyTCTBieirb no ropHosaBOflCKHMt Khjwb bbh- 
csamA (cr. 736 ycT. ropH.) He no6ywn> ropHonpoMiunjeHHHKa kx 
codiD^eHiK) npe^iracaHHUxx npaBHJTB, to npHirfcHJUOTca nocTaHOB- 
iema ct. 740 ycr. ropH. 

9) ^McTBie nocTaHOBjemfl, osHaieHHHX'b bt> ct. 5 — 8, pacnpo- 
CTpaaaeTca Ha Ao6u^y HCKonaeMHXt b*b py^HHsax'B h npiHCKaxx, 
cocToan^Hxi* bt» HacTHOMT* Bja^fcHiH Ha npaBi nocceccioHHOMt. 

10) Paspa6oTKa nhjipb aeMejt, npHHWieHcamHX'L ceji>CKHin> o6me- 
CTBani> h cocroflnpK'B Bt o6h^hhhomt> nojiLSOBamH, Moaers nponsBO- 
XHTbCfl chmh o(5in,ecTBaMe hoa'b ycjoBieMt Hsfipama hmh OTBfcrcTBeH- 
Haro 3a Be^eHie paspa6oTKH jrmja (cr. 716 ycr. ropH.) h ho HHaie 
Kara cl cofiaroaemeirB nocTaHOBjiemfi, HSJioaeHHiixx bt> ct. 1 — 8. 
Aiftcrie chxi> nocraHOBaemfi pacnpocTparaeTca h Ha cjynaa npe- 
AocraBjieHiii oCmecrBaara pa3pa6oTKH h3>ap?> yBasaHHHX'L 3eiwejB 
oT^kiBHUMt qjeHaMt chxt, otfmecrBt hjh hoctopohhhmx jan^aMt. 

11) Corjacie cejacKaro o6m;ecTBa Ha oT^a^y paspafioTKH Hi^P^ 
03HaqeHHWXi> wb cr. 10 3en&iL ot^jilhhmx ueHajfB o6n^ecTBa hjh 



Digitized by 



Google 



— C Lxxxm — 

nocTopoBHHM'b jiHi^aMi, floj»Ho 6htl BupaseHo bt> npaBHJbHO h sa- 
kohho cocToaBmeMca oCmecTBeHHOBfL npHroBopi. 

12) HjomaAb seMjra, oTjaBaeiroft no o6m,ecTBeHHOMy npnronopy 
(ct. 1 1) noAi» pa3pa6oTKy H^.^pt, aojiaHa 6wrb Bt npHroBopi to^bo 
yKasaHa h oTBe^eHa bt> naTypi. 

13) Ecjh ofimecTBeHHHfi npHroBopi (ct. 11) BHflaeTca Ha mho 
rnxi» qjreHOBT> c&i&cicaro o6mecTBa (aprejiB), to ohh ofiasaHH BwfipaTt 
Kain> oTB^TCTBeHHoe 8a Become paapa6oTKH xnno (ct. 716 ycT. ropH.), 
Tairb h pacnopaflHTeM, KOTopoaiy joBftp-EeTca pyKOBOACTBo pa6oTaiin 
h xosaflCTBeHHaa cropoHa aiua. 

14) 06n(ecTBeHHufi npHroBopi (ct. 11), yaoiueTBopaiomifi ycao- 

BiaMT>, yKa3aHHUM?> BT> CT. 1 — 3, 5 H 10, CBJm$TeJbCTBVeTC« seM- 

ckhmt> Ha*aj[i>HHKOMi> h npeacTaBMeTca, m> cjryiali oTflaiH c&n>- 

CKHBFB ofi^eCTBOMt wkjtp'h SeMJH Bl apeH^y HOCTOpOHHHM'b JHUaMT>, 

Ha yTBepa^eHie rytfepHCBaro npncyTCTBia. 

15) IIpH otfcyacflemH zM'b, Kacaromnxca 03HaseHHHX$ bt> cr. 14 
o6^ecTBeHHHXi> npHTOBopoBi,, Bfc ry6epHCKia npncyTCTBia, m> kohxt. 
He HMiercji oco6nxt> aenyTaTOB'B ott> ropHaro BiiflOMCTBa (npHM. kt> 
ct. 105 noj[o». seMCK. Ha^ajiLH , cb. 3aK. t. IX, oco6. npnji. HI 1 , no 
npofl. 1890 r.), npnrjiamaeTCfl Ha npaBaxt ^jreHa MtcTHHft oKpya- 
mrt HHaeHepi. Bi aryrafe Hecorjacia OKpysHaro HHaeHepa hjh 
AenyTaTa on, ropHaro BiflOMCTBa ei> npoiHMH qjeHaMH npncyTCTBifl, 
Aiuio paspimaeTca mhhhctpomt, BHyrpeHHHX?> A&rB, no coiuameHiro 
ci> MHHHtTpoMT> seMJieflijiia h rocy,n;apcTBeHHHXT> HMymecTB'B. 

16) ryfiepHCKoe npncyTCTBie pa^CMaTpHBaers o6mecTBeHHHe npn- 
roBopa (ct. 14) no cymecTBy coaepaamnxca bt>hhx«b ycjiofiifi. QpH- 
cyTGTBi» npeAOCTaBJwerca npaBO He yTBepa^aTb npHroBopoBt, na ocho- 
BauiH kohxt> H^Apa aeM^H npe^nojoaeHU kt> cuani* bt> apeH^y no 
U'fenawL rase fliftcTBHTejiBHHX'fc hjh Ha ycjroBiaXTb, juieByiuHxi »a 
co6ok) HeodxoAHMocTt OTCTymeHia on, Tpe6oBamft, H3JioaeHHuxi> 
bt> ct. 5. 

17) lIojy^HBiuift yTBepaweHHHfl ycTaHOBjreHHHirb nopajqcoarb o6me- 
CTBCHHHfi npHTOBopi> Ha paspatSoroty HiygyB (ct. 14) o6«3aH , B npea- 

CTaBHTb SaCBHA^TOJILCTBOBaHHyK) KOniK) OHarO MiCTUOMV ORpyaHOMV 

HBuseHepy. 

18) 3eMCKie HaqajhHHKH h ihhu arfccTHoft nojran,iH, no npHHaa- 
jieaHOCTH, o6fl3aHU He aonycKaTt ea ynoManynjx'B bt> ct. 10 seiuiaxTb 
cejibCKHXt o6mecTBi> upoH3BO^CTBa otaIutbhhmh qjeHaMH o6mecTBi> 

HJIH nOCTOpOHHHMH JIHI^BIH IH>pHUXT> pa60TB, Ha KOTOpUfl y HflXl H^ 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ctxxxrv — 

HMieTCA yTBepsAeHHaro ycraHORieHHUftTB nopaaKOM-L o6mecrBeHHaro 
nparoBopa. 

19) H.3T, apeHAHofi iuaTti sa Hlmpa 3eM&n>, osHaieHHHxt bt> 
ct. 10, 3a noraineHieMT, bt> noweaamnxi, cjyqaaxt cooTBtTCTBeH- 
Hofi qacTH susynHaro Aoira, Ha ocHOBanin npaBHjit, HSJoaeHHHX'B 
vb npHJ. kb cr. 162 (npHM.) nojo*. o BUKyni (cb. 3aK., t. IX, oco6. 
npnj. IT, H3A. 1876 r.), OAHa- TpeTL nocTynaen* bt> MipcKofi Kann- 
t&tb iKwie^ain.HX'L cejBCKHXT* o6mecTBi>, a ocraJTBHHJi w& Tpem 
o^paiuaioTCA rySepHCKHMt npHC)TCTBiein> bi> npaBHTeJiBCTBeHHLLH hjih 
rapaHTHpoBaHHua npaBHTejn>CTBOMi» npoijeHTHua 6yMarn n bhocjitcjj 
aa xpaHeme bt> yipeatjeHui rocy^apcTBeHHaro 6aHKa. Cejr&ciriji o6iu,e- 
cTBa nojiBsyvTCA npou,eHraMH ct> chxt> 6yMan>, a KanmuiBHaa cyHMa 
oHuxi MCMKeTB 6uTb ynoTpeCjTHeBia jhhib Ha npiofipiTeme o6m,ecTBeH- 
Hofi HexBHSHMOd coficTBeHHocTH, eh ocofiaro Kaa^uft past paspime- 

Hiil MHHHCTpOBl BHyTp6HHHX1> RhjH, H (^HHaHCOBT,. 

20) Bx irtcTHOCTaxi, r^* He BBe^eHO noJoaeHie oseMCKHXt Ha- 
qaji>HHKaxi>, yKasaHHiia bt> ct. 14 — 16 h 19 otoaHHOcra ry6epH- 
atHxt npncyTCTBift BOSJiaraioTca Ha ry6epHCicia Ho6jacrHHa no Kpe- 

CTbflHCRHMT> HJH HOCeJAHCKHMl> Kbjl'dM'h npHCyTCTBJH, a 0(WI3aHH0CTH 

wucRnx'b Ha^ajBHHKOBi, no CBHfffeTejbCTBOBamK) o6m,ecTBeHHuxi, npH- 

rOBOpOBT* (CT. 14) — Ha HenpeM'feHHHX'b ^JieHOBTb y r B3AHHX'J> no Kpe- 
CTBJiHCKHirB £biaBfl> HpHCyTCTBift, MHpOBHXt HOCpeflHHKOBfc HJH 1H- 

hobhhkobi no KpecTMHCKHM'L ^tjaMt, no npHHafljieacHocTH. 

Ero HMnepaTopcKoe BeraqecTBO BOcnocjr&aoBaBinee Mffimie bi> 06- 
mfiwb co6paHiH rocyaapcTBeHHaro coBfcra, 2 Man BHCo^aftme yTBepflerh 
coh3bojihj['l h noBejrfejn> ncnojiHHTb. 

708. Ofo ynpeo/cdeniu trt Tu<fiMtccKO# u EntAceucKoti %y6epniHxrb 
no odnou doAOfcnocmu iy6epncKaw, a to 3a6aiiKa.ibCKOu o6Mcmu odnoii 
doAotcnocmu (fiAacmwm — MexanuKoe* u o6% ynpasdmniu doAotcnocmu 
unoiceHepb-mexHOAOia npu mwpAuccKoii na3eHH0ti nammib. 

769. 06b u3Mfbneniu pasimpa nowwMA a> sacmpaxomnix umij- 
uwmeb. 

rocyaapcTBeHHHfl cob*btx MHtbtiieMb no/wdicuxb. 

I. BsaMim, CTaTBH 325 CBo,a;a ycTaBOBi o nonuraHaxt (cb. 3aK. 
t. V, H3A. 1893 r.) nocTaHOBHTB: 

1) Ol 3acTpaxoBaHia otb orHa Bcyocaro po^a HeABHHHMHXt h 
I^HaHMUxt HMym.ecTB'B Kain> m> poccificKHXt crpaxoBUXi> o6me- 

CTBaXt, TaKl H Bt HHOCTpaHHHXX, ^OnymeHHUXl KT> A'B^TeJlLHOCTH 

bt» HmiepiH, a paBHo h no Ao6pOBOJLHOMy BBaHMnouy crpaxosaHiio, 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CLXXXY — 

He hckjhdtoh ropoAcsaro h seMCKaro, BSHMaerca bt> KaaHy nonuHHa 
bt> cji^yromeMi pa3Mipi: c*b Ka«Aoft thcato py6*eft sacTpaxoBaH- 
Hofi cyMMU no naTH^ecjiTH KorrfeeKt bt> roAT> hxh no lerape h oahoS 
mecToft KoniftKH sa Ka&Auft nojraufi hjih nenojHufi Mic&m*, & <?£ sa»- 
Aofl hojhoS hjh Henojraofl cothh no nam KonieKi* wl roxh hjih no 

ROTH ^BiHawaTHX'L BOlrfifiBH Wb Mi&ail,!,, IIpH3T0MT> HOTtM'B CTpa- 

xoBaHiflM'b, no bohmb osHa^eHHaa nonuHHa cocraBHja 6u 6oj4e 20% 
ci nojynaeMoft no nojncy npetriH, nonuHHa BSHMaeTca jhihb BBpas- 
Mipfc 20°/ ci.' npeMin. 

UpuMfbHanie. Ilpn cocraBJemH o6m,aro HToro nomjHHH, no&ie- 
aam,efi BSHCBaHiro no Ea»AOMy 0T£ftn>H0My noJHcy hjh BaniHtfiomeMy 
ero HHOMy AOKyMeHTy, aojh EoniftsH npHHHMaroTca sa u$xjv> bo- 
irbfiBy. 

2) Ob Ma^ijiBi^eB'B HMymecTBi, 3acTpaxoBaHHHX , B no (JeBnjaTHHMB 
nojrncaMi*, nonuiHHa onpeAiuraeTCH no pascrary Ha cpe^Hioio crpa- 
xoByfi) npeMiro sa nocjijpin mtb jtbti> nepe^t HacTynjemearB dpa- 
xoBama no CBotfoAHOMy nojracy. 

H. BsHMame nomjHHH cb sacrpaxoBaHia HMymecTBB oti> otra 
bx noHHateHHOMt pasMipi (ota. I) hphm^hhtb bt> sacTpaxoBaHiairB, 
BCTynajon^HMt bt» cnjy He paHie 1 iroja 1895 roAa, xota 6h Aoro- 
Bopu no chm-b CTpaxoBamaMt 6hjh sasjioieHN ao cero cpOKa. Qo- 
nurHHy ace ct> cTpaxoBamft, BCTynHBrnnxx bt> cHJiy ao 1 irojfl 1895 
roAa, B3HMaTB bb npeaHeiiB pasMipt (ct. 325 ycT. hohlihh., cb. sas. 
t. V, H8A. 1893 r.), xoth 6u dm CTpaxoBama ofinHMajira co6oio h 
BpeMfl nocjrfe 1 iroja 1895 r. 

III. Qo CTpaxoBaHiflM'L, 8aEJH)*eHHHMB Ha h4ckoji>ko j&tb h onjia- 
qeHHUMt nonuHHOD BnepeAB sa Bci roAH, Ha KOTopwe HMymecTBO 
sacrpaxoBaHO, npejpcraBHTB cTpaxoBaTe-iaMt npocHTB o B03BpamemH 
hsb KasHH cyMMii, Ha KOTopyro ynja?eHHaa HMB nomJHHa npeBH- 
niaen> npnraraDmyioca ct Hero no ct. 1 ota. I nonunray 3a rfc 
nojHLie roAH crpaxoBamfl, Teieme bohxt* HaHHeTca nocjrfe 1 iroja 
1895 r. Ha no^a^y B^BaseHHyio najaTy npocBfa o BOSBparfc AeHei"B 
nojiosHTB roAOBoft cpoKB co Ana HaneiaTam* Hacroan^aro ysaKOHema 
bt> co6paHiH ysaBOHeHifi h pacnopaaceHifi npaBHre^BCTBa. 

IV. BsHMame nomiHHu ct> CTpaxoBaHifi BanHTajOBB h aoxoaobb 
npeKpaTHTB. 

V. OraTBH 518 h 558 yqpe*AeHia MHHHCTepcTBi> (cb. 3aK. t. I, 
q. II, H3A- 1892 T,) H3JO»HTB oi'tAyroiDiHM'L o6pa30M*B: 

Cm. 518. AenapTaMeffTB HeoMaAHHX'B ctfopoBt saBfeAHBaeiTB 060- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CLXXXVI — 

para: crb narefi, ex Ta6aKy, cl caxapa, ct> npeccoBaHHHxt apo«»efi, 
ex He$raHHXT» HacJTB h saacHraTejBHHXt cnsraeR?* no Bcefl HMnepin, 
a Taxse rep<$OBHMH, KamjeaapcKHMH n npoTOMH HeoKJH^HHMH c6o- 
paire, KpoMt noniJHHLi ce aacrpaxoBaHia HMymecTBt. 

NB. DpHMiqame kt> ceft CTaTtt ocrae-rca bt> cm*. 

Cto. 558. ^enapraMeHTB ToproBjra h MaHy^aKrypt Biflaert fliura 
o ToproBii, $a6pHKaxx, MaHy^aKTypaxi HsaBo^axi, .nijia OBH#wfe 
ToproBuxx CBH^TejBCTBX h 6hj6tobx h o nocTynaromearL kt> Heaiy 
sa OHue c6op4, fffeaa o TOproBOMt MopexoflCTBi, a^ja o BHimHHxi 
ToproBtixx cHomeHiaxt, sa HCBJOQHemeH'L aiji, co6ctb6hho so Ta- 
loseHHaro h KapaHTHHHo-TaMoaeHtfaro ynpaBjema OTHocamnxca (cp. 
536), flThjra no saBi^HBaHiH) 6hp»6bhmh y^peameHuura h no Ha^sopy 
sa 6pasoirB TOBapoBt, .a^ia o Bicaxt h Mipaxx, atjia o nonunfffc 
ci aacrpaxoBama HMymecTBT> h apyria a&ia, no^pofiHo yEasaHHUA 
bt» yqpesAeHiax'B, ycraBaxi, nojoacemnxx h npaBRiaxt, no npn- 
Ha^jeatBOCTH. 

Ero HMnepa'ropcKoe BemnecrBo BocnocjiaoBaBinee amime b^ o<5- 
meirb co6paniH rocygapcTBeHHaro coBfcra 15 Maa, BHConaftme yTBep- 

*HTB COH3B0JHJTB H HOBejrfcjL HCDOJIHHTL. 

770. rtpodAeniu epotca d*R saJWAeni* o6HeamejMMu MumpeMu 
o npunadAeotCHOcmu uan> Kb KHHoicecKUMb uau deopnncKUMb podaMb. 

FocyaapcTBeHHHfi cob4tx, MHtbHiewb noAOotcuAb. 

yeraHOBJieHHut vb cranA 11 npaioaeHia Kb npHarfreamK) npn 
craTB* 71 saKOHOBi» o cocToaHiflx-L (no npo,n;. 1690 r.) narajrhTBrift 
cpoio* jut* npeACTaBjeHia o6uBaTeja*fH 6uBmaro raaatecTBa Mhh- 
rpeiin xoAaTaficTBX o conpiraicjeHiH Kb KHaaecKOiiy ara flBopaH- 

CXOMy ^OCTOHHCTBaMTh, JfflCo HpHBHaHiH BTb CHXT> flOCTOHHCTBaXfc, — 
OpOAOJHKHTB £0 5 ilOHtf 1900 V. 

Ero HaiuepaTopcKoe BeranecTBo BOcnocjijOBaBinee MHime bt> 06- 
mein> cofipamn rocyaapcTBemaro coBtea, 15 Maa 1895 r., Bnco^aflme 

yTBep^HTB C0H8B0JHJTB H nOB&rfcjEb HCDOJHHTL. 

771. 00b yeejimeniu ocnoenato nanumaM moeapuu^ecmea 6ah 
yempoucmea u SKcnAoamauiu SAewnpunecfcaio ocetbttyenix no&b (fiupMOW 
iCaetwmu u Cmpayci* u o6^ u3MfbHeuiu yemaea onaw. 

772. npuceoeniu ydtbAhHOMy 6yxcupHOMy napoxody, no&b na- 
3eauieMi n Baza ii ^ npedna3HaHeHH0My dan nAaeanin na ptbKtb Cfbeep- 
hou flfiUHtb, oco6aw (fijuxia. 

778. Ofo usdaniu I khuiu IY mojm co6paniH ysaKoneuiu etbdoM- 
cmea ynpeofcdeniu HMnepampuw* Mapiu. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— GLxxxvn — 

rjaBHoynpaaiaiomift cotfcTBeHHoro Ero HiinepaTopcKarq Baraie- 
cTBa KaHuejiiipieFi no yipeameHiain. HMuepaTpHiju Mapin y bbjomhxl, 
tto bt> Bosi no^HBmift Tocy^apB HMnepaTopi AjeKcaHap'L in, bt* 
10-fi ^.eHL orcrafipa 1892 ro^a, Buconaime noBejrfiTb cohsbojthjtb: 
H^AaTi. cotfpame ysasoHemfi BtflOMCTBa yqpea^eHia HMnepaTpnmi 
Mapin h jijl& HcnojHeHia cero Tpy#a ofipaaoBaTB oco6y» kommhcIk). 

HuHi, TocyAapt HMnepaTopx, Bt 11 jsfiBh Maa 1895 r., no Bce- 
noAAaHHifimeMy aoiuaKy npeAct^aTeja 03HaqeHHofi kommhcIr, qjeHa 
rocy^apcTBeHHaro coB^Ta, ceHaropa, noneraaro oneKyHa, fliftcTBHTejrb- 
Haro TafiHaro coBiTHHKa Mapnyca, npn KoeMt oht> Hiriurt ciacrie 
noBepmyrB Ha BceMnjiocTHBiflmee Ero HainepaTopcKaro Bain^ecrBa 
6jraroB083pime SKseiniMp'B HsaaHHofi I KHHra IV t. 03HaieHHuxi» 
y.3aK0HeHifi, Bucoqafime noBejr&TL cohskojtiu'l oCHapo^oBaTt tin y3a- 
BOHeHia Ha cymecTByiomHX'B ocHOBaHiaxt. 

O TaKOBofi Bucona&mek Bojrfc, 3a MHHHcrpa locwmin, TOBapnmi 
MHHHCTpa, 27 asm 1895 ro^a, npeAKHKurb npaBHrejr&CTByiomeMy 
ceHaTy. 

774. 06% ynpeoicdeniu npu nempoecKOMi ynuAutqfb c.-nemep6ypp- 
cKato KyneuecKaw o6utecmea odnou cmunendiu 6ah npuxodxutato yve- 
uum na cnemb nootcepmeoeannato nomoMcmeennbiMb noxemHtzMb tpaotc- 
danunoMb HuKOAaeM% EotdanoetiMb KanumcMa u 06b ymeepotcdeniu 
npaeuw ceu cmunendiu. 

776. npieMtb 6uAemoeb Toptoemo Banna 6b lod3u na enecen- 
nue 6b ohuH deneo/cnue 6e3€pOHnue SKAadu, napaentb Cb hoauhhuimu 
deuhidMu ei 3aA<nu no Ka3eHHt*Mb nodpxdawb u nocmaetcaMb u <n> o6es- 
nenenie nAameotca po3nato poda amt*3a. 

776. 06b WMthneniu yctnaea noAnutecmw 3eMeA%na%o 6ama. 

777. npexpanteniu cytyecmeoeanifl o6u^ecmea Hoeomopotccxou 
otceAfb3HOu dopotu. 

778. 06b u3Mibnemu ycmma MOcmecKato 3eMeAf>naw 6anna t 
770. 06b ynpa3dneniu cb 1 vhwi 1895 1. notpanunnato ncuhopa 

u maMOOicenHtfiXb ynpeoicdeniu aMy-daphuncxato, mmmarnyptancKato 
u caMapKandcnaw omdtbAoeb. 

780. na3naM€niu nypca 6ah npedcmasAHeMWXb eb majmootcnu 
cepe6pxnou py6Aeeou Mancmu, xpedumMAXb py6Aeu, mcahoU cepeSpsnou 
u Mfbdnou Monembt na epeMH a> 1 moah no 1 OKmxOpx 1895 1. 

781. utbnaxb 6ah npieMa &b ynjiamy maMootceHHtAXz notuAum 
etatuedtuuxb eb mupaoicb o6Auzamu pocciucnaw S i / 2 °/o soAomaw 3a#Ma 
1894 toda u nynono&b orm cuxv o6Au%ayiu 9 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CEXXXVHI — 

782. eocnpeuteniu #b TypxecmancKOMb xpan> eunoKypenifi no 
cado6Aadn>At>HecKUMi namxenmoMrb. 

24 iioua A? 103. 
788. Ofa> u3MfbH€Hiu nopadna peeusiu iocydapcimeHHf*xb xpedum- 
Htxtb ffcmaHoeA€Hiu. 
rocyaapcTBeHHHfi coBirB MHnnieMb noxooteuA%: 

I. CoBirb rocyAapcTBeHHHXt RpeAHTHiixi. ycTaHOMemfi ynpa3A- 

HHTB, DO paBCMOTptmH H yTBepat^HlH HWb OT^eTOBT, Ha3BaHHUX'L 

ycraHOBJieHifi sa 1893 poat*. 

II. Bt H3irbHeHie h Aonomeme noAJteaan^T, y3aKOHemft nocTa- 
hobhtb: 

1) ro^oBHe OT^era rocyAapcTBeHHaro ABopaHCBaro seaiejBHaro h 
specr&aHCKaro nosoMejii»Haro C&hkob'b sa Bpeam cb 1894 ro^a co- 
craBXHDTca ynpaBjJH)in,HMi» 6anKOMB n, no paacMOTpifliH wh coBirh 
6amca h 0A06peHiH hhhhctpomt> (fraHancoB-B, npenpoBOSAaixrca kt> 
rocyAapcTBeHHOMy BOHTpojiepy, a sarinx, cb saKJiDiemeMt nooifl- 
Haro ? BHoeaTca mhhhctpoitb (j)HHaHCOBT> bt> rocyAapcTBeHmil cob4tb. 

2) Fo^oBue oneTU c.-nerep6yprcKoft h mockobckoS ccyAHiixt 
icasera sa 1894 r. h nociiAyiomie roAH yTBepaAarorca mbhhctpomi. 
4>HHaHC0BT» no corjameHiro c-k rocyAapcTBeHmarB KOHTpojepourB, a 
BT>cjiy^af, B03HHKmaro ue&zy hhmh pasnor-iaciji npeACTaBja©Tca Ha 
yBaxenie rocyAapcTBeHHaro coBtra. 

HpuMfbHanie. IIopflAROMi, yBasaHHHH'B bt, eel CTair>i, yiBepae- 
Aamcfl TaEate oroeru no JHRBH^auiH capaTOBCRO-CHMGnpcRaro seMejB- 
Haro tiamca. 

3) PacxoAH rocyAapcTBeHHaro ABopaHCKaro seiiaiLHaro h KpecTBan- 
cxaro no3eMejrbHaro 6aHKOBB h c.-nerepfiyprcKofi n mockobckoS ccyA- 
fujxt> jtaaera noAJeatarB peBnsin rocyAapcTBeHHaro KOHTpojui. 

4) Cm*tu pacxoAOBi, 03HaHeHHHXi> bt> ct. 3 yHpeaA^Hifi cocraB- 
A&yyrcA ynpaBxaromHUH ohhmh h, no pascMOTpimH bt> coBiTaxt (bt> 
rfext yqpeacAesdJiX'b, bt> kohxt> TaxoBue hmjuotcji) h nciy^emn sa- 
RJD^eHiA on rocyAapcTBOHHaro kohtpom, yTBepaAaroTca mhhhctpoitb 
^RHaHcoBi,. T4mt> se nop^AEOMB yTBepsAaiDTCA AonojHHTejLHUJi K i, 
cirfrrairB accnrHOBania, KOTopua He moimh 6utb npeAycMOTpiHu npn 
coeraiaeHiH CM^rb, sa HcmrroieHieMT, jehihb HeTepnamHX'B oTjaraTejB- 
cTBa pacxoAOBi*, KOTopue Moryn> 6htb paspimaeMLi 6e&b cHomenia 
<n> rocyAapcTBeHHHMi* KOHTpojteMt, ct rfeirB, hto6h o cean. HeaieA- 
JieHHo coo6n^ajrocB kohtpojk), a-m CBiA*Hia. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CLXXXIX — 

5) rocyaapcTBeHHHfi KOHTpojn> Momert hpohsboxhtb cbh^4t6jb- 
CTBOBanie fleHesHHXt races h Ma*noBHXT> osHaneHHHX'B bt> cr. 3yHpe»- 
fleHifi h xpaflamnxca bi> chxx Kaccaxi h Kia^oBHX'B ijiraocreft, cl 
njhxuo y^ocroBipeHia b-l i$jocth ohhxt>. PeBHsia tia npoHBBO- 
jpLTca b*b C.-IIeTep6ypr4 bhcihhmh qmaMH rocyppcrBeHHaro KOHTpoxa, 
He mate nonomHHKOB'B reHepajrt-KOHTpojiepoBT>, a bt> jpyrHX'B m4c- 
Taxt — ynpaBjaromHMH kohtpojlhhmh najaTaira, hxt> noironi;HHKaMH 
hjh craprnHMH peBHSopaHH. 

npuMtbuanie. HopatfOE'L oBHaieHHaro CBH^tTejrLCTBOBaHia onpe#fe- 
jaeTca rocy^apcTBeHHUMt KOHrpojepoMx, no corjamemK) ct mhhh- 
CTpoMt 4>HHaHC0Bi>, a bx cayrofe pasHoraacui Mea^y hhmh, BosfiyflHB- 
nrie pasHorjiacie Bonpocn npe^CTaBjaDTca Ha paapimeRie rocy^ap- 
CTBeHHaro coB&ra. 

6) UepioflHqecme 6ajaHCH 08Ha*eHHHXT> bt> ct. 3 y^ipeamemft, a 
paBHo HXTb roaoBHe OTHera, ny6*HKyK)Tca bo Bceo6mee CBifliHie no 
<j>opM4, yTBepacnaeaiofi mhbhctpomx (jjHHaHcoBx, no corjamemi) ct 
rocyAapcTBeHHHMt KOHrpojiepoirB. 

7) HpaBHjia c^eroBOflCTBa h oT^erHocTz osHa^eHHHXt bt> ct. 3 
yqpeamemfl yTBepaMaHmia MHHHcrpoirb <j>HHaHC0B , B, no npe^BapHroiL- 
homx conamemH ct rocyAapcTBeHHHM'B KOHrpojepoart. 

IE. flymen 25 ct. 23 yHpeataema rocyaapcrBeHHaro cob. (Bhc 
yTB. 6 i»Ha 1894 r. mh. roc. cob., co6p. ysaK. h pacn. npaB. 1894 r. 
Jfe 101, cr. 698) H8jo»htb cjrfcflyromHii'B o6padOMi»: 

nywcrm 25. Toaobho ot^gth rocyaapcrBeHHaro 6amca, rocy,n;ap- 
CTBeHHiixt c6eperaTejbHux'b Kacet, rocy^apcrBeHHaro ^opjracKaro 
seiiejrBHaro h KpecTMHCKaro noseMejLHaro 6aHKOBi>, a Tarate onenj 
c-neTep6yprcEofl h mocbobckoA ccyAHUxx Kasenx npn pasHoraaciH 
OTHopnrejiLHO yTBepa^eHia hxt> Meatfly MHHHCTpoMt (JraHaHCOBt h ro- 

CyjtapCTBeHHHM'B EOHTpOJepOM'B. 

IV. nocraHOBjeme, naioaenHoe BioTAijrbinBHCoqaftineyTBepat- 
^eHHaro, 6 i»Ha 1894 r., mh4hih rocy^apcTBOHHaro coBfea (cofip. 
ysaK. h pacn. npaB. 1894 r., Jfc 101, ct. 698), H8m4hhtl ariMyio- 
mjawh o6pa30Mi>: 

B rocy^apcTBeHHHfi cob4tl pascMaTpHBaert rojOBHe OTrarHrocy- 
^apcTBeHHaro gamut, rocyflapcTBeHHHxi* c6eperaTejn>HHx , & Kaccx, ro- 
cyAapcTBeHHaro flBopaHCKaro seMaitHaro h RpecTuracKaro noseaiejiB- 
Haro 6aHKOBi> bt> oCn^xi BH^axx rocy^apcrBeHHaro xoanficrBa h co* 
OTB^TCTBia flttfTeJBHOCTH fiaHKOBX h Kacct cl uJjhmh, yKasaHHUMH 
bt> HXTb ycTaBaxx, oficysaaa pasarfcpH saTpara chxt> ynpeayjeHifi Ha 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cxc — 

Kastfy© orofejiBHyi) rafc onepaitfio bt> cmbh c& mrfcDmHimca am 
cero cpejCTBanH". 

V. Bt> HSMiHeHie h aono-raeme noAJreaamHxi> CTaTeft pasafciall 
jcr. Kpea. (ct. saK. t. XI i. 2, m%. 1893 r.) nocTaHOBHTt: 

1) rocyaapcTBeHHHft kohtpojb npoHSBOwrB peBHsiro oCopoTOBt 
rocy^apcTBeHHofi kommhcIh noramema jhojstowl h CBHflfcTejLCTBOBame 
ex Kaccu Ha otfmeirB ocHOBamn. 

2) 1 Ihhh rocyAapcTBOHHoft kommhcui noramema ^ojtobi, a Tarate 
tohh rocyaapcTBemaro bohtpojw, nosipaioiiue onepaiqH kommhcIh, 

He AOXKHH HHKOMy o6l>ABJIJm» HMeHa Kpe^HTOpOBl, BH6CeHHUfl BT> 

rocyAapcTBeHHyio xojroByi) KHHiy, HHBasoe npHcyrcrBeHHoe m4cto He 
mrfcert npaBa cero TpetfoBaTt. 

YL CocraBi. cowknowb rocyjapcrBeHHaro flBopjfflCRaro seMejBHaro 
h KpecTKflHCKaro noseitejKLHaro 6aHKOBi> (ct. 9 pasfl. VI h ct. 4 pas^. 
VII ycr. Kpe*., cb. saK., t. XI *. 2, hs*. 1893 r.) AonoJiHHTb «e- 
HktfH otb rocy^apcTBeHHaro kohtpoxh, no o^Hony bi KaaflOMi. 

YU. Bt, bh#4 BpeMeHHoft MipH, Ha Tpn ro.ua, npe^ocTaBHTL ro- 
eyjmpcTBeHHOMy KOHTpojepy, no corjameHiK) cb mhhhctpomi $&Han- 
coke, HSfiaBaxB npaBHja o nopxjpsfc peBHsin rocyflapcTBeHHHMx koh- 
TpojeirB pacaoAOBi> rocynapcTBeHHaro ABopmcKaro seMejiBHaro h 
KpecTBaHCiaro noseiieJBHaro 6asROWh h c.-nerep6yprcKoft h mockob- 
cxoft ccyAHHXi* Ka3em> (ct. 3 ota. II), rct t^mx, ito6h no HcreiemH 
osHa^eHHaro cpona yuoMaHyraa npaBHJia, cb t4mh bt> hhxx h3m4- 
HemflMH, Kaida no yKasamio omrra oKamyrca HeodxoflHMHioi, 6hjh 
opeACTasjeHu Ha yTBepat^eme ycTaHOBjeHHHM'B nopa.pcoBi'B. 

IIoAXHHHoe MHime no^nncaHO bt> sypHaiaxx npeaciflaTeMMH h 
weHaMH. 

Ero EMnepaTopcKoe BejmecTBo Bocnoor&AOBaBinee MF&me bt> 
o6w&wb co6pamn rocyaapcTBeHHaro coBtoa 5 udhh Bucoqafime 
jTBepEHTB.coHBBOjratfb h noBejAi* HCHOJIHHTL. 

784. npodaoicfb iep6oetAXb 6yma%u u Mapoia e% eoAOcmnwcb 
npasAeHMVb %y6epniii Acmpaxanacou, Oaoh^kou u OmaeponoAbCtcou. 

25 tarn* tt 104. 

786. 06b o6e3neHeniu KumaucKaw 4°/ soAomato 3a&Ma 1895 
%oda. 

IIo noBe-rim© Hameaiy, bh npirajUH Ha ceda nocpe^preraeerao 
Meatfy HMnepaTopcKHMx KnraficKHWb npaBjrrejLCTBOMx h ns6paHHHMH 

BaMH 4>paHH,y3CKRMH H pyCCRHMH 6aHBaMH H 6aHKHpCKHMH flOMaMH HO 
s. dphx. 06m. eh. vn 1895 r. 13 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CXCI — 

BunycKy KHTaflcKHMt npaBHTejiLCTBOMt KHTaficKaro 4°/ aojuyraro safliia 
1895 ro.ua Ha Hap^aTejBHHfi KannTajit m> lerapecra mfujuohob'b 
(400.000.000) ^paHKOBt, 

Bt> BH^y cero UoBaiiBaeM-L Bam: # 

I) bt» cJiyqaax-L, Kor#a, no Kasofi 6u to hh 6hjk> npHiHfffc, cyMMii, 
cJffeAyrom.ia ^ia onjiaTH cpoiHHX'B KynoHOBt h BmnexniHX'k bt> th- 
paacT* o&raraijiii KHTaficaaro 4°/ sojicyraro safiMa 1895 ro^a, He 6tjjh 
6h bt> ycTaHOBJieHHufl cpoKx nocraBjreHH b% pacnopuaeHie 6aHKOBT» 
n 6aHRHpcRHXi» aomobt>, npoHSBOfltfmHxt ciro onjaTy, cHatiaaTB cin 
6aHKH h 6aHKHpcKie aoMa noTpe6HUMH Ha ceft npe,pieTT» cpeACTBaMH, 
sa c^era PoccificKaro npaBHTejiBCTBa, Ha ycjoBunn>, BaMH ycTaHOB- 
jeHHiixt; 

h II) onpe#fejHTi> npaBa h npeHMymecrBa, npHHaAieaanoa KHTafi- 
cROHy 4% 30J0T0My safiMy 1895 ro^a, othochto-ibho npieiia bt> ica- 
seHHue sajorn h wa ofesneiema aKi*H3HHXT> njraTeaefi. 

786. Otf& ynpeotcdeniu otcandapMCKaw noAuueucnaio nadsopa na 
JOpbeffb UoAhCKOu mmeu MocnotfCKO-JIpocMiecKO-ApxaHieAtCKOu o/ce- 
Atb3nou dopotu, TeuKoecKOMb uo&bfb3duoMb nymu UlyucKO-HeaHoecKOu 
dopotu u OAeeamopmu etbtneu Puto-fieuncKOu dopotu. 

26 iioim JS 105. 

787. Ofo ynwepotcdeuiu ycmaea n moeapuu4ecmea Uepeeep^eecKato 
cscKAQcaxapHaw 3aeoda*. 

788. npuMfbneuiu m fyprntcKOMy naceAeHuo 3a6aunaAhCKa%o 
KiMHtxto eo&CKa nOAOOtcenix o6% oOiaecmsennoMz ynpaeAeuiu cmoHutfb 
K03a%bu&b eoucKb. 

BoeHHiifi Cob4tt>, aypH&ioin> 16 <|>eBpaM 1895 roja, hojosexb: 
I. Bucoqafime yTBepaaemoe, 3 isma 1891 r., noioaeme o&b 
o6m,ecraeHHora ynpaBjemH cTaHHu^ Ka.wn>HXT> boAck-l hphm^hhtl 
kt> 6yp«TCK0My HacaieHho 6nBineft TpexBefi kohhoS fipHra^u 3a6afi- 
RajLCKaro Kasarairo Boficsa ct> HHaecji^yDnpiMH HSir&HeHuiifH h 
AonojiHemniH: 

1) HaHMeHOBame ^xyTopT*" h n xyropcKoe ynpaBjreme" sairbHHTk 
HaHMeHOBaHiflMH: B ypo<rame h ypoTOmHoe ynpaaieme". 

2) Uo^b BupaaenieMi. „Ka3aK , b- l K0M0X03tfHHT> a , aaiunoqaromjiMCJi 
bt» ct. 5 h flp. nojioaema 3 iroHtf 1891 r., bi cpeai fiyparcKaro Ha- 
caiema pasyirbeTca rjiasa cem.H, nepasji&iBHO 3Haqam;efictf bt> no- 
ceMeftHOM-L cHHCKb, a no^i* BupaseHieirb n ppoph* (ct. 6 h ,fl,p.) 
ceiiLfl, Hepas^tjLHO 3Haqam,aacji bt, uoceueiHowb cnncirb. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cxcn — 

3) Kpowfe jnip>, yKa^aHHHXT, bt> ct. 11 nojoaceHui 1891 roAa, He 
HMtnrL npaBa yqacTBOBaTb bt> Bu6opaxt h 6htb H36npaeMHMH jsmu 
h Boo6m,e jhua jtaMadcxaro AyxoBeHcrsa. Ha bc4 o6mectfBeHHLur 
joukhocth He AonycxattTCii JHija, nasHaroni,^ pyccRaro asuica. 

4) Bx t4xt» craHHi^axx, bt> kobxt, HirfeiDTCfl ypoHHma ct> ot- 
j1ii>hhmt> 3eMejLHUMT> ^OBOJLCTBieM'L, vh CTaHH?HOMi> upaBjemH 
noryrt npHcyrcrBOBaTB, bx cjry^ai meM&ma ypoiHmi>, OTAkiLHue 
on, hhxt> AOB&peHHue, H36pipaeMue no OAHOMy orb Kaa^aro ypo- 

HHID^a H8T» TO&ia BH6opHHX-L erO, yHaCTByH)IIl,HXX Vh CTaHHHHOM'B 

cfopft. 

5) HhshdI pasirbpx roAOBaro awuoBaEUj CTaHH^HUxx aTaManoBT, 
onpejr&jUieTCfl cxfcAyiomifi: 

Dl ct. HMi»mHXT> ao 200 ceMeft . • . . 200 py6. 
„ n 9 on, 200 n ao 400 250 „ 

. 400 „ „ 600 300 „ 

. 600 „ , 800 350 n 

„ „ „ 6ojie 800 400 , 

Bumen3Joa;eHHOM7> BoeHHiifi mhhhctp?>, 18 MapTa 1895 r.,A<>- 
nech DpaBHTejTBCTByioni.eMy CeHaTy, rah pacny6jHKOBaHui. 

27 iioun J* 10«. 

789. 06b o6pa3oeamu o6x3afneju>Hato 3anaca caxapa na caxap- 
HHXb saeodcucb. 

DpHSHaBaJi H006x0AHMbIMX npHHATB irfepu, BHSHBaeMUa HaCTOA- 

n^Hirb TpyAHUM^ nojoaeemeirB caxapHofi npoMmnieHHOcrn, ct o6ea- 
neqeHieMx caxapoira BHyTpeHaaro puHica h ycraHoBjreHieiix Ha ca- 
xapi. yMtpeHHHXt ijiin,, noBejrfcBaeM'B: 1) wb npeAcroameM'B nepioA* 
caxapoBapeniji 1895 — 96 r.r. f odpasoBam, Ha necowocaxapHHXT» h 
CBeKJocaxapHO-pa^HHa^HUxt .saBOjaxt 3anac?> caxapa, wh pa3Ml;pf> 
jo 5 mhju. ny&owb, nocpe^CTBOMt OTOHCjema no 25% H3T> supa6o- 
TUBaeiiaro bt> tomt, nepioA*, Ha KaamoM* saBOA*, KOJiH^ecTBa ca- 
xapa, cBepxx 60.000 nyxoro; 2) caxapt, cxaHHHfi bi cefl sanac?., 
ocbo6oahtb on. onjaTU aimnsoiTB, Bnpejp, ao BunycBa ct saBOAa; 3) 
paspfcmaTB BHuycKt h3t> cero aanaca noTpeCnaro KOJH?ecTBa caxapa 
na BHyTpcHHifi puHOEi> JHnn> no BOSBHmeHin Ha ceMt pHHKi vjbm 
caxapnaro necKa CBume npeA^ja, KOTopufi HMiert 6htb bsluji na- 
3HaqeHT>. 

790. neHCWHHUXb npaeaxb doAOtcuocniHtaxb aui#> nmcomopuocb 
yveOnuxb aaeedeniti u ynpeotcdeniu Baptuaecnaw y%e6ua%o onpyxa u 



13* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cxcni — 

oGb ymeepotcdmitt pocnucaui* nencioHHtun, paspsdovb doAommcmeii e* 
MbKomopuxh ynetinuxb 3aeedemjixh mo onpyta. 

791. npedocmaeAeuiu lAaenou tuxxamtb Mtbp* u etbooet npaea 
nojiynamt Heo6xoduMt*c eti npeduemu us* sa tpanuuu OesnouuuHHo. 

792. 0<h u3M*Heniu ycmaea BoAotccKO-KaMCKaxo KOMMepnecKato 
6anna. 

798. 06b oceodoofcdeniu Kpecmwm-co6cmeeHHHKoei otrn o6asoh- 
nocmu euocumh sHnynnue nAamebtcu sa HadfbAhM** uvb sbmau, (m- 
eedennu* uepKoenbtMi npunmaMb. 

rocyAapcTBeHHuft cob4tl MHfbnieMb noMxmuAbi 

UpHirfe^aHie 2 Kb cr. 162 nojoaema o BHKyni (no npo,*. 1890 r.) 
saii^HHTb cjrbKpompwb nocraHOBiemem*: 

B Bt cjry^a* nocTynjema on. Kpecn>JiHi > -co6cTBeHHWKOB'i> xofla- 
TaticTBa o xosBOJOHiH vwb OTBecTH, H8i» BHBynjeHHaro hmh ct> co- 
^ificTBieirb npaBHTejBCTBa Ha^kia, semra &jui npH^roBi bhobl ycTpaH- 
BaeMUX-L npaxoAOBX, MHHHCTpy BHyrpeHHHXT> xkn>, no corjramemi) 
cl MHHHCTpoM'B (j^HHaHCOBt, npeAocraBraeTCfl paspimaTB TaBOBOfi OT- 

BO^B BeiLIH, BT> KOJH^eCTBt H6 CBMffle TpHJ^aTH TpCXfc AeCATHHHOfi 

nponopijin, ct> ocBo6o»AeHieM , & KpecTBJWB, co BpeiieHH OTBOja ynacrxa 
bi HaTypt, on> o6a3aHHOCTH bhochtb npniHraiomyroca sa OTBexeH- 
Hy» npHHry seauoo *iacT& BHKynHaro aoJira". 

Ero HMsepaTopcKoe BexiraecTBO BocaocxfcjOBaBinee MHferie Kb 
o6mpm> co6paHin rocyjapcrBeHHaro coBtoa, 22 iiaa 1895 roja. Bu. 
conaSme yraepAHTb cohsbojhjtb h noBexkrL HcnojHHro. 

794. paspwrneniu o6pamHato, ch eoaepamomb nouMum, eueosa 
3a ipauuyy MeAKuxb noMmyeniu cb Haem. 

795. SKJHOHeniu nodamntaxb uHcnenmopoeb 0* cnucom doAOtc- 
nocmeu, oceo6oc*cdaio«4uxb orm npusuea #a sottcm. 

796. npexpauteniu napozodnxAXb coo6u§enia no p. CyHtfyny u 
o6b yHpemcdeniu, 63aMTbm uoc%, moKoetuch oice coo6uteHi# no npoAttty 
n Eo<xfiopb BocmoKMA&*. 

797. Qfa> ynpeotcdeniu odnou doAOtcnocmu nepeeodnuica ofCMydcno- 
Mtmoectcato Asuna *b cocmam RottencKaxo ty6epHCKato omndapMCKato 
ynpaeAeHM. 

28 tMHU M 107. 

798. ceedeniu UpumpcKurb comem *b UpuMopacitl kohmM 
dueuaioHbuofo oSpasoeaniu ynpasAem* BocmoHno-Cufapctcoil Auueu- 
Hoit 6putadu. 

799. 06b ycuAcniu MeduuuncKou nacmu eh HMnepamopcnoMb 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CXCIY — 

TyjWKOXb u CecmpopM&OM* opyaceunuxz u IIemep6yptcK0Mb na- 
mpoHHOMb 3aeodacch. 

800. eeedemu eh naecuepiu namponuou cyjmtu noeaio o6pa3ua; 
o npuceoetriu huqkhum* Hunam, npu CAyvcfo na caMommaxz, noncou- 
ttt*r» noAycanoxo&b u o eeedeniu w> isapde&CKoU ntbzomtb cnapaMoenifi 
noeato o6pasua. 

801. $opm> o6jmfHdupoeaniM ^PuHAJindcnaw u Kaenaacnato 
cmpibAKQGMXb Aemyuuxb apmuAAepiucKuxb napxoeb u o npuceoeniu 
npu vtatutub (xfiuyepcnato meMAma nuotcnuMb sunaMb Ka3am>uxi eoiicKb, 
cjyotcau^uxT) no oCu^ecmeeHHOMy emoHUHHOMy ynpaeAmito. 

802. npuceoeniu naMepz-naotcam u namaMb cneyiaAbHUorb 
%AOCC0ffb IlaotcecKom Bio HMnepamopctuno BeAunecrma Kopnyca u 
MHxepaM* nnxomubixb eoeunuvb ynuAuufb, npu 8-auh. euumoeictb 
o6pa3ua 1891 *., npedmemoe-b CHapxotceHM, ycmanoeAeHHtAVb 6ah nn^ 
xomu. 

808. <fiop*m oCmyHdupoeama noAKoeh 1 u 3 KaetcascKUXbpe- 
3epenuxb nnaomnuxb 6puia&b, a pamo humhuxi nunoeb ynpasAeniu 
dtnuocb 6ptnadh y u o npuceoeniu KaenascKUMb cmptbAKoebWb (my3eM- 
m*j*b) dpymunaMb — o6yeu apMeifcKaw nnxomnaxo o6pa3ua (canoioet). 

804. eeH3eMeuxh usoCpaatcminxb na snoAemaxb u nownaxiy 
Mtyb ceunm, nooicaAoeaHHMx* eb $mu 3eanM ei npeduiecmeoeaewi* 
itapcmdoeani*; o (fiopMtb oQxyndupoeamH nacmeii eotictn u eoeuno- 
ynefatAXb 3aeedeniu, nouMb npuceoeno nauMeHoeanie Eto BeAunecmea 
u ofo ycmanosMHiu pucyuna eeu3eAeeato u3o6pamem* Hmchu Eto 
BeAu%ecmea\ o <f>op*m o6MyndupoeoHM noAKoez Hjmepamopa Amk- 
candpa III u 93 rrnxomnaw Rpnymcnmo Eto EMnepamopcKUw Bu- 
coneama Focydapx HacAndmm Ifecapeeuna BeAunato Khhm Teop- 
ti* AACKcandpoeuHa noAKa u o noiueniu MemaAAUHecmto uwdpaoice- 
hm eeuseAH eb Eoafb noHuetuaw Tocydapn EMnepamopa AAexcaudpa 
III wmafo u o6ep*-0(fimtepaMU u huqwhumu huhomu: potto, scnadpo- 
noffb u 6amapeU Hm€hu Em BeAunecmea. 

805. 06b u3MTbHeuiu (fiopMM o6MyndupoeoHiH &b tpenadepcKuzh 
noA%axb\ KeK&OAhMCKom u C.-llemepGyptCKOMb u ei 4, 5 u 6 6ama~ 
penzb 3 tsapdetkKOti u tpenadepcKoH apmuAAepiucKOu dptnadu, eh 
eudy dapoeanin amuwb %acmaAVb npavb CmapoH reapdiu. 

806. npedoemaeAemu o^uuepamb u huoighumz Hunam^ co- 
emweiuuArb, *» 20 wmaGp* 1894 $., e* ceodno-ieapdeUcKOMb fama- 
tioHtb, npaea Hotuenifi MemaAAunecKMO uao6pcufceHM eeuseAH Emchu 
sh Eo3ib noHueutato Focydapfi EJmepamopa AAmcandpa III. 



Digitized by 



Google 



_ cxcv — 

807. 06b u3MfbH€Htu u donoAneuiu ycmaea ^Mockosckom o6ute- 
-mea 63auMnaio nooutpenix peMecAeunato mpyda u ycmpoikmea yse6- 
ntaxb MOtmepcKuz** u npaeuAb 6ah npieMa peMecAenuuxh tadtbAtu na 
xpanenie u npodaotcy, cb eudaneto nodb ohuh ccydb % 03HOHeHHtAMb 06- 
ujecmeoM*. 

30 iUHfl M 108. 

808. nopadtctb npuMibHenix eh %y6epnixxb Ifapcmea Roa%ckoao 
ddKoua npeo6pa3oeamu xocydapcrmenHcno onoAHenix u ofo ynwep- 
otcdeniu mmama nmueu dpyotcunw BaptuatCKaio tsoennaio onpyia. 

rocyAapcTBeHHHfi cob4ti> MHtbuieMb noAOotcuAV. 
Bt> H3niHeHie h AonojHeme ycTaua o bohhcko6 uobhhhocth, a 
TaKse APyrax-B noAJeatam.HX'L ysaKOHemfi, nocraHOBHTb: 

1) llpHBHB'L paTHHKOB'B onoareemji nepBaro paspjiAa ryfiepmfi 
ii,apcTBa nojBCBaro, aaTOCjeHHuxx wl oeoe npn yBOJibHeain hsb no- 

CT<MHHHXT> BOfiCKB (yCT. BOHH. HOB., CT. 303 1 , fl. l,flO HpOA- 1891 r.)» 
npOHBBOXHTCJI OAHOBpeMeHHO H Ha OAHHaKOBHX'L OCflOBaHinXT> Cb 

npH^uBOM-L hhjkhhx'b hhhobt> 3anaca am MO^HjnasaiuH boAckt*, bt» 
cnxt ryfiepmaxT* pacnojroaeHHUXT>. 

2) Einmaftniifi bt» ry6epHiaxi» uapcTua no.n»cBaro HaA3opi> sa 
CB06BpeiieHHUMi» upHHffrieM'L nipt a*a o6e3ne^eHUi no.«Hofi ycirfeni- 
hocth npHBUBa h (JwpMHpoBaHia onoj[^eHCKHXi> lacrefi h cHafiaeHia 

HX1» BC'tM-L He06X0AHMUM*B BOBJaraeTCfl Ha TJiaBHhlX'B Ha'iajlbHHKOBT> 

BoeHHuxt OKpyroBi>, no npHHaAJe&HOCTH. 

3) PaTHHKH ono-i^ema (ct. 1), npHBBaHHue am c4>opuHpoBaHia 
onojqeacKHXi> lacreft bt> ry6epm«XT> ijapcrBa noJLCKaro, nocrynaiOTi. 
bt> B'tA^Hie BoeHHaro MHHHCTepcTBa nonpH6uTiHHac6opHue nyHKTu. 

4) PacnopjiaceHui o nprotiB-h Ha cjy»6y paTHHKOKb onojreeHia 
(ct. 1), a paBHO o6t» oropa&ieHiH hxt. wl nyHBru (jropimpoBaHia 
onojqeucKHXT> qacreft, B03jaraK)TCA b^ ry6epHiaxi> iiapcTBanojbCKaro 
Ha HaqajbHHKOBi, m&gthux'b 6pHraAi» h yksAHiDTB bohbckhxt, Haiajb- 

HHKOBt. 

5) GocraBjeme h coAepacame bt> nocronHHoft roTOBHOcTH njaHOBT. 
4>opMHpoBaHUi onojLTOHCKHXi TOCTefi bi> ry6epm&xi> uapcTBa uojb- 
cicaro BoaiaraeTCA Ha ofasaHHocrL uoAJeataiunxi, BoeuBo-oKpyacHhixt 
nrrafoB'B. 

6) Bc4 pacxoAH no o6pa80Bamio h coAepaamro qacrefi onoaraenia 
vh ryfiepHiaxt n.apcTBa noj&CKaro othocatca HacnerL sa3Hu. CHa6- 
seHie onojraeHCKHXi> ^acrefi jEomaAkMH upohsboahtcji no upaBHJaMi 

O KOHCKOfi UOBHHHOiCTH. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cxn — 

Ero HMnepaTopcKoe BainqecTBO BOcno&r&AOBaBinee mbme bt> 
o6m,em r b cotipaniH rocyAapcTBOHHaro coBfea, 17 anpiua Bucoiafime 

JTBepAHTt COH3BOJHJI1> H HOB&rlurB HCHOJHHTb. 

809. npuHucjteniu deyxKAaccuHXb uepKoeno-npuxodcKuxb iukoai, 
si omnoiueHtu Abwrm no om6t*eaHiio eouncKod noeunnocmu, Kb mpemb- 
emy paatpxdy yneCntAXb 306edemti. 

TocyAapCTBeHHUft COBiTB MHtbHteMb nOAOO/CUAbl 

JDUyxMaccHua ijepKOBHO-npHxoACKia mmau npfliHCJHTb, bi» ot- 
HomeHiH JLron> no or&UBaHiK) bohhckoA uobhhhocth, Kb Tperbeaiy 
paspaAy yHefiHHXfc saBeAemfi. 

Ero HMnepaTopcKoe B&nraecTBo BocnocxbAOBaBmee MH&me wb 
o6m,em> cotipamn rocyAapcTBOHHaro coB^Ta, 17 anphin Bucoiaftme 

JTBepAHTB C0H3B0JHJL H nOBCrklX HCnOJHHTb. 

810. 06b oceo6omdeniu otfkiuepcKuxb atcoHOMunecKuxb o6u^ecmeb 
omb ynMmw c6opo&b sa codepotcuMue umu mom3uhu u MacmepcKiH. 

811. npotmodcmm ebtnemo&b un 3apa6omnoti nMmt* pafionuxb 
na (fktfpuKOXb, saeodaxb u Many<fiaKmypaxb npu eawemniu nodameu 
u dpyiuxt e6opoeb. 

ToCyAapCTBeHHUfi COBifb MHfbtiieMb nOAO0tCUXb\ 

Bt> AonojiHeme noweaBamnxt ysaKOHeHifl nocTaHOBHTt: 
II pH B3UCKaeiH no^aTefi h ApyraxB c6opoBi> h8t» sapatioTHofi ujaThi 
pa&iHrb Ha 4>a6pHBaxi>, 3aB0Aaxi> h MaHycftaKTyparb, cb pa(kwaro 
Mosen. 6utl yAep»HBaeMO, npn Ka&Aoii OTAfobHofi pacmiarL, ho 
foxbe OAHoft TpeTH npH^HTanii^eftca eary cyMMU, ecja owb xoaoctb, 
n ho (kwrfce oahoA qerBepTH, e&sR oht> «eHari> hjih baobi, ho nwb&rb 
Afrrefi. 

Ero HunepaTopcKoe BejHiecTBO BOcnocjfcAOBaBinee Mfffcme wb 
o6mein> cotipamn rocyAapcTBOHHaro coBftra, 22 usm Bucoiafime yr- 

B6PAHTB C0H3B0JHJH> H DOBOJltjIT, HCHOJHHTb. 

812. 06b ynpa3dneniu maMdotcetiHoti aacmatn* ab nopmn> Bepdepb, 
dcnumdcKQu iy6epniu. 

818. pacxodtb 6b 3.000 p. na ycu.wnie cpedcmeb RnymcKato 
o6.tacmHano npasAenin. 
814. 06b u3MibHeniu npaeuAb o mfeopn, 3a 6anKupcnuMu 306ede- 

HVHMU U MtbtUMbHMMU M6KOMU. 

TocyAapcTBeHHufi cob4tb, MHtbhieMb nojiooicwib: 
L AificTBie craTefl 138—142 patytfuia X ycTaBa KpeAHTHaro (cb. 
sax. t. XI h. 2, H3A. 1893 r.) pacnpocTpaHHTb Ha wiunjibiibia jihbkh. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cxvn — 

n. OraTLH) 139 Toro-se pa^^ija ^ouojhhtb cjtbjsjtomjBKb npHirib- 
Bt> cjryqai HaaofaocTH, ocmotpb h noBipEa khhtb h .fltftaonpoHB- 

BO^CTBa 6aHKHpCKHXl> 3aB6,Ii;eHifi H M^HflJBHUX'B jaBOK-L Moryps 6UTb 

HasHa^aeMu mhhhctpomt. ^khslucowl h (test npe,a^apHTejiBHaro ho- 
TpetioBama orc> chxi aaBeaemfi h jaBOKt cBiaimft h o6tacHemfi. 
III. OraTbD 4 Buco^afime yTBepas^eHHaro, 3 iroira 1894 r., mh4- 
ma rocy^apcTB6HHaro coBfrra o6t HSMiHeHin npaBHXL o 6aHSHpcsHXi> 
saBe^emaxt (co6p. ysaK. h pacn. npaB. 1894 r., As 110, ex. 766) 

H810SHTB TaRHKB 06pa30MT>: 

Or. 4. Mhhhctpy ^eeslecokl upe^ocTaBjaeTca ROMaHflHpoBaTB 
ynojHOMOHeHHux'L jhijt> ajra BHesairaaro ocMOTpa h noBipra khhtl 
h ^jonpoH3BoxcTBa 03Ha^6HHiix , E wl ct. 3 saBeaemfi h jafiOKb, bt> 
oiy^ai ocFbAOMjema o AonycKaeMuxi wb ohhxt> (fesnopaflKax'b h 
aioynoTpe6jeHiaxi». IIojiyqeHHHH BOMaH^HpoBaHHUMH jHn,anH cBifli- 
ma npe^CTaBjaroTca hhh MHHHCTpy (jraHaHcoBi. 

Ero HnnepaTopcKoe BararocrBO Bocnocj&aoBaBinee Mfffeme bi> 
o6m,6in> cotipamn rocyxapcxBeHHaro coBiTa, 29 naa Buco?afime yr- 

BepAHTb COHSBOXHJTB H nOB6jfex& HGHOJHHTB. 

815. npeoCpaaoeoHiu tyGepncnuxz ycmaHoeAeniit etbdoMctnea 
MUHucmepcmea enympeHnuxh dn>Ai <n> %y6epwixxb To6oa*ckou, TomckoH, 
Enuceticiwii u HpnymcKOti u o6b ymeepotcdemu xamama 03na\eHnux% 
yemanoe tenia. 

rocy^apcTBeHHHfl cob4tl MHtbnieMb hoaooicuaz: 

I. CymecTByDmie bt> rydepmarb To6ojBCKofl, TomckoB, EHHcefi- 
CKofi h HpRyrcsofl: rytfepHCKie coBfeu, cb coawunpam npn hhxl 
BaffljejapiaiiH o6m,aro rytiepHCsaro ynpaBiema, CTpoHrexbHimH ot- 
X%ieHiflMH wb TotfojBCKoS h TomckoS rytSepmaxi h oTjijeHLniH no 

CTpOHTeJLHOft H £OpOXHOfi laCTAMX BT> EHHCelCKOt H HpKyTCBOt 

rytieprnflxi*, a paBHo TDpeMHinrB OTyrkiemeirL bx TomckoS ryfepmn; 
ry6epHcsia npncyrcTBia no ropojCKHirt x&iairB h no bohhckoS hobhh- 
hocth; rytfepHCsia npaBjemn, cb Kam^ejflpumH, aKcnexm^uoai o 
ccHJBHHTb vb ryfiepniffxx TotfaiBCKOft, EHnceflcsoft h Hpsyresofi, 
ry6epHCKHMH THnorpa^iAMH h apxHBaira; npmsaau o6mecrBeHHaro 
nprapftHLa; Bpa^efara ynpaBii, a Tasse KOMHTeTH ocneraiie h otfme- 
CTBeHHaro sjpafiia — npeotipasoBan Ha ocflOBaHiaxx, ysa3aHHHXi» bt> 
OTjijarL II — IX Hacroamaro ysasoHema. 

IL Bb onrfcHy, H3ntHeme h jonoxHeme no^iesanqixi* ysaxoHe- 
Hifi, nocrasoBHTb: 



Digitized by 



Google 



— oxvin — 

1) Bt> ry6epHiJKx To6ojBCBofl, TomckoA, EHHceflCKoft h HpByr- 
CKofi ofipasyerca, BaaMim* ycraHORiemfi, osHa^eHHUX'B bt> oTffkrfc I, 
ry6epHCKoe ynpaRieHie. ynpaBjeme cie cocraBJunorx ryfiepHaTopi, 
o6mee npncyrcTBie h Kamipjapia. 

2) IIpaBa h odasaHHocTH ry6epHaTopa, ftpejMeTH ero BiflOMCTBa 
h ape^km Bjacra onpej&iAKxrca Ha ocHOBamH cmTeft 4 h 26 y?pe- 
SAeHia CnfinpcKaro, a Tamse CTaraH 16 cero (II) oT^kja. 

3) 06mee npncyrcTBie rytfepHCKaro ynpaaiema, new* npeaciaa- 
TejLCTBOM'L ryfiepHaTopa, cocTaBxaioT'B: Bime-ry6epHaTop*, yi^paMaD- 
ntffi Ka3eHHOio n&iaTOD, ynpaBJWMomii rocy^apcTBeHHUMH HMym,e- 
CTBaMH (b"b ryfiepHiaxt TofojcbCKofl h TomckoA), npeflciflaTeJB ry6epH- 
csaro eyaa, rytfepHcirifi npoxypopx, HenpeM^HHue iiem* no xpecTLAH- • 
ckhmt> xbxwh (bt> ry6epmax , B ToGojebcboA h TomcsoS), cob4thhkh, 
ryfepHCEifl TJopeMHirit HHcneKTopt, noMomHHKt ero (cb npaBOMx 
coBimaTeJu>Haro rojoca), ry6epHCKifl Bpa^e^HHfi HHcnercropr*, ry6epH- 
csifi BerepHHapi, ry6epHCKifi jraaeaepfc h ryCepHCKift apxHTeKTopt 
(ct> npaBom> coBtm.aTeiLHaro rojoca). Bc4 ohh mteHyOTca qaeHaMH 
o6m,aro npncyTCTBia ryfiepHCKaro ynpasjeHia. 

4) Bime-ryfiepHaTopu y^acrByDTt wb aaci^aHiaxi o6m;aro npn- 
cyrcTBla ry6epHCKaro ynpaBjema no Bcbwb AkaaMT>; ynpaBJuiDinje 
Ka3eHHUMH naaaTaMH h rocynapcxBeHHHMH HMyujecTBaMH — nofli-iaM'B 
KpecTwracKHMx h nepecejeHqecKHMt, a Tarate Bacaromniica seiicKHx-L 
noBHHHocTefi, ropoACsaro o6in,ecTBeHHaro ynpaBjema, HapoflHaro npo- 
jOBox&CTBia, o6mecTBeHHaro npHsp^nifl, ocnonpnBHBaHia h o6n^ecTB6H- 
Haro sapaBia; npeftcAflaTejn ry6epHCKHXt cyaoB*B — no xhtaM-h ey,ne6- 
Haro cBoflCTBa; ryfiepHCKie npoKypopu— no bc&h-b KkiaarB, 8a hckjid- 
HemeMt nepeTOCjeHHuxi* bx craTbi 510 otfnjaro ry(5epHCKaro yipe- 
s^eHia; HenpearfeHHHe vxenu no KpecTuiHCKHMi, #kiaMfc — uojuijmwh 

KpeCTLilHCKHM-L, HepecejeHTOCKHMt H BOHHCKOfi nOBHHHOCTH, cob4t- 

hhkh — no xhJiBMiy otfmaro npncyTCTBia ry6epHCKaro npaBJiema, yKaaaH- 
hum'l Kh o6ni,eMx ry6epHCK0M r L yqpea^eniH, a TaKse othocjduhmcji 
jo BBipeHHHxi> hmt> nacTeft; ry6epncBifi TDpeMnufi HHcnercropT*, 
noMomeHKB ero, ry6epHCKifi Bpa^eCHtifi HHcneKropx, ry6epHCKifl 
BerepHHapt, ry6epHCKie HHaeHep'B h apxHTeKropx — no aijaMt, Ka- 
caDn^MCfl TropeMHo-apecraHTCKOfi, Bpa*e6Hofl, BeTepnHapHofl, CTpon- 
TeiLHofi b ^opoaHofi ^acrefi, no npHHa^JeaHOCTH. 

5) Bt> sadyjamaxi o6m,aro npncyrcTBia ry6epHCKaro ynpaBjema, 
CMOTpa no po^y A^jtb, yiacTByiorL TaEse: no^ijiairL o cocraBjemH 
pacxoxHuxi cm4ti> m& c^opMHpoBama onoa^eHCKHxt qacrefi, ynpa- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CXCIX — 

BJieHift h fflTa6oBT>, a paBHO npHXOAopacxoAHuxx CMin> Ha co#epxa- 
Hie saBe^eHifi o6iu,ecTBeHHaro npH3piHia h npn npoH3BOflCTB4 ToproBi 
Ha noApHAU h nocraBBH jyui o.SHaieHHHX'b .saBe^emfi — ynpa&uironue 
KOHTpojbHHMH naaaTaMH (ycT. seM. hob., ct. 27, npHM. 3, no npoj. 
1891 r.; ycT. o6uj. npnap., ct. 94 h 112); no Rhxawh o bohhckoS 
noBHHHocTH — yisaHHe BOHHCKie Ha^ajibHHKH rbrh yisjoBX, b'bkoto- 
puxt HaxowTCH ryfiepHCKie ropo.ua (ycT. bohh. hob., ct. 81, npHM. 3, 
no npo#. 1890 r.); no aidant o seMCKHXt hobhhhocthxt> — *ueHH 
on BoeHHaro h no<rroBo-reierpa<i>Haro b^aomctbi* (ycT. aeM. non., 
ct. 27, no npofl. 1890 r.); no j&jlmt>, oTHocammicji ao AxraficKaro 
ropHaro OKpyra, — npeAcraBBrrejib Micraaro ropHaro ynpaBJieHui; no 
ttfuMurfc, KacaromHMcn ropoACBaro o6mecTBeHHaro ynpaBjemn h 3eM- 
ckhxi noBHHHOCTeft, — ropoACKie tojiobh (rop. noj., cr. 16; ycT. 3en. 
uob., ct. 27, no npoa. 1890 r.); no Kijiawh, KacaromHMWi ropoACKaro 
o6n^ecTBeHHaro ynpaBjema,— raacHHe MtcTHtixi ropoACKHxi Aym>, 
no Bu6opy nocjrfcAHHXfc (rop. no*., ct. 16), h no xbjLSM'b o6t> ocbh- 
AtTejibCTBOBaHiH ^jMBHTb h cyMacmeAmHX'B — npeAC']j,a;ara/tH ry6epH- 
ckhxi. cy^OBi,, a TaK»e ynpaBxaromie KaaeHHHiiH najiaTaMH, jh6o 
AenyTara ex BoeHHoit ctppohh, hjh npeAC$AaTe.iH h wenu CHpoT- 
ckhxx cy^OBt, no npHHaA-ieatHocTH, bx cxymarb, yKaaaHHHX'B bt. 
cTaTbt 368 saKOHOBi rpaa^aHCKHXt. 

6) Kanuejapiio rytfepHCKaro ynpaBjema cocTaBJHionb OTA^eHia: 
pacnopHAHTaitHHH, TropeMHoe, Bpa^efiHoe h cTpoHTejEBHoe. 

7) Rm otfcyameHifl h paspimeHiH cnei^iaJiBHtixx BonpoeoBt, m> 
nayHHOMi h TexmraecKOii'L oTHomeHin, no iacTH Bpaie6Hofi h ctpoh- 
raibHoft, bt. noAJeaamnxx 0TA&ieHiaxi> KaHijejuipiH ryfepHCKaro 
ynpaBJOHin (ct. 6) cocTaBjinroTCH coBiiuaraifcHHa npncyTCTBin na 
ocHOBamHX'B, yKasaHHHXt wb craTB* 449 h npnMi^aHiH kt> nefl 06- 
in,aro yqpe&A6HiH ry6epHCKaro. 

8) Bnije-ryfiepHaTopaMt h coBiTHHKairB npeAOcraBMiOTCJi npasa 

H 0&I3aHHOCTH, UpHCBOeHHUH CHMt AOJiaHOCTHMT. Ha ocHOBanin 06- 

m,aro ynpemflpma rytfepHCKaro. HesaBHCHMo ott> cero, Ha cob4thheobt>, 
uo pacnpe^kieHiK) ry6epHaTopa, B03JiaraioTCH nponsBOACTBo bt> ryfiepH- 
ckomt> ynpaBjemH h AOKJiaAt ofimeiiy ero npncyTCTBiK) j&Ji'h, KacaK>- 

IH.HXCJI BOHHCKOfi UOBHHHOCTH, 3eMCKHXT> HOBHHHOCTeft, BSaHMHarO CTpa- 

xoBaHW, napo^Haro npoAOBOjbCTBM, o6mecTBeHHaro upHspima h 
ropoACKaro o6mecTBeHHaro ynpanjienia, a bt> ry6epmax'b EHHceficKofi 
h HpKyrcKofi — A&n> KpecTLnHCKHXt h uepeceaeHqecKHXTb. 

9) ry6epHCKie TiopeMHHe HHcneicropu h hx*b noMomHHKH nojLi»ymn>> 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cc — 

c# npaBaMH h hcho.ihjmotc» otfasanHOCTH, yKasaHHua Bt ycTaB* o 
cojepjKamHXCtf noA'B CTpaaeff) (ct. 22 h d|>hm. 2, no npoA* 1891 r., 
23, 24, 77 h 128, up™.). 

10) ry6epncKie Bpaqe6Htie HHcnercropu h exx domoiu,hhkh hchoj- 

HJDDTL 06fl3aHH0€TH Ha OCHOBaEOH npUBH.IT> CHXTb AOJUKHOCTflXTb, 

nocraHOBJieHflUX'L bt> o6m,eMT» yqpeaflemH ry6epHcsoMT> h bt> ycTaBt 
Bpaqe6H0M-L. 

11) Ha ry6epHCKaro BeropHHapa no&aararoTca: a) o6nUfi bt» ry- 
6epHiH Ha^opi. no BerepHHapHofi tooth h npoHSBOflCTBO b*b ryfiepH- 
ckomt> ynpaBjeHia a&te», jb,o 3Toft qacra oTHoc&mHxca; 6) Ao&iaAi* no 
chmt, £kiairB bt, o6m,eMT> npncyTCTBin, h b) paffbisAH no ryCepHin 
Aia pyKOBOACTBa BffcponpiaTiaMH nporaBt anHsoorii. 

12) ry6epHCKie HHseHepu n apxHTeKTopti ncnojHa»n> o&asaH- 
hocth, yBaaaHAUA bt> ycTjurf* crpoHTejiBHOMi (ct. 1, upHM. 2, uonpo^. 
1893 r., npnji.: ct. 1—3, 7 h 8). 

13) HenpeMiHHHe HJieHu no KpecTMHCKHMi xtjuarb bt> ry6ep- 
Biaxi> To6ojn>CKofl h ToMCKofi ncnojHaioT'B otoaHHocra, yKasanHUii 
bt, o€o6omt> npHJoacemH kt, saKOHaMt o cocToani/fxt (III, nojr. yqp. 
EpecT., ct. 1, npHM. 2, no npoa. 1890 r., npM.: ct. 7). 

14) Bt> o6menT> upucyTCTBiH ry6epncicaro ynpaBjeHia h KaHu,e- 
aapiH oHaro cocpefloTOTOBaroTca npe^eTH BiflOMCTBa ry6epHCKHxi 
cob-^tobt, h ry6epHCKHXT> npaBxeHifi, Ha ocHOBamn yipeawHia Ch- 
6fipcKaro. 

15) ry6epHCK0My ynpaBJiemiD (cr. 1) npncBOHBaroTca Tarate npa- 
Ba h o&asaHHOCTH ryfiepHCKHXi upHcyrcTBifi no KpecTwracKHirB h ro- 
POackhmi .itfmaM'B, a paBHo no bohhckoS hobhhhocth, ry6epHCKHxt 
KOMHTeroBi pacnopaAHTeju>Huxi>, ocneHHHXT> h o6m,ecTBeHHaro a^pa- 
Bia, npHKasoBi o6n^ecTB6HHaro npHspiHia h Bpa^HHXT. ynpast, 
ea ocHOBamH H3AaHHHxi> jvl& chxt> y^peamemfi ycraBora, nojcoasemft 
h ysasoHemfi. 

16) Aija, KacaioiniacH npe.niieTOB'B, m> craTbi 14 oaHa^eHHuxi,", 
paaptfunanrcji ry6epHaTopoMt hjh o6mHMi» npncyTCTBieMT. rytfepn- 
cKaro ynpafiJieHia, a Tarate Bnije-ryfopHaTopoMi hjih coBiTHHKaaiH, 
no npaBBjam, o6uiaro yqpeamema ry6epHCKaro. ,Ht>.!ia ae, oraeceH- 

ua Kt B*A*Hii) ynoMjrayTHXTb Bt ct. 15 ryOepHCKHxi ycTaHOiwe- 
aifi, paapimaroTca, ci co6juoji,emewb nopa,pca, npeanncaHHaro rah 
chxt* ycranoBjeHifl no^JieaanmMH ycTaBaMH, noJoaeniaMH h ysaico- 
neHiflHH. 

17) 3acliAaHia o6maro npncyrcTBia ry6epnciearo ynpaBjieHia Haa- 
HanaioTCH, no liipi HaaotfHOCTH, npe^dbfljBLiejLewb OHaro. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCI — 

18) J^iJia, HCHHOieHHHa vb mra* 510 o6m;aro ryfepHCRaro y*q>e»- 
.nema, a paBHo yKa3aHHi*a btl craTbi 296 saROHOFB o cynonponsBoj- 
ctb4 rpajK^aHCKOMt n bt> craTti 430 sasonoBi o cyaohpoh3boagtb < 6 
no xknaMT* o npecTynieparb h npocTynsaxb, fb cjiyrab Hecor*acia 
rytiepHesaro npoKypopa ce nocraHOMemaiiH no ohhitb o6m,aro npn- 
cyTCTBia ry6epHCKaro ynpaBjema, — npe^craaiaroTca vb npaBHTOiB- 
CTByromift ceHarL. 

19) CpoKt w npHHecema atajiofo Ha nocraHOBjema o6m,HXT> 
npncyTCTBift ry6epHCKHXT> ynpaBiemfi onpeaijaeTca Bt Tpn Micaija 
co jsjia o6iyAnjLeEm o&KajoBaHHiix'b nocTaHOBjemfi. JRajo6u no^atxrca 
bt> ry6epHCKoe ynpaBjeme h npeflCTaBjaxxrca nocjrfi,nHHin> bt> npa- 
TejbCTByioiii,ifi ceHarL. 3Kajo6ti Ha MeweHHOCTB h 6e3^iftCTBie Bjacra 
Morynb 6htl hphhochmh ceHaTy HenocpeflCTBeHHO. 

in. HopaflOKTb 3aMim;eHiH ry6epHaTopa, # onpe#6jeHia ki aojaKHo- 
CTaart h yBOJiLHeHia ry6epHaTopa h nporax'B iehobb ry6epHCBHXi> 
ynpasjemfi, a paBHo hxb OTKfercTBeHHOCTH — onpeflk&HTB bb ry6ep- 
mara To6o*LCKoft, TomckoH, EmceflcKofi h HpsyTCKof Ha cjcbpyvy- 
mjax'h ocHOBamaxt: 

1) Bt oiyrafc 6ox63hh, oTcyrcTBia hjh yBOJBHeHui rytfepHaTopa, 
AOJ»hoctb ero nopynaerca Bmje-rydepHaTopy. Kor^a ae h4tt> Ha 
ihu,o cero nocxiflnaro hjh Kor.ua oht», no KaKHMX jh6o npsraHHaira, 
bt> ^ojatHocTL ryfiepHaTopa bctyiihtl ne mosbtb, ynpaBjeme rytfep- 
Hie© B03JiaraeTCH Ha ynpaBjraromaro BaseHHoio najaToro, a sa OTcyr- 
cTBieMt ero, Ha npeaciflaTaia ryfiepHCuaro cyna. Bt> ry6epmaxi> To- 
6ojLCKOft h TomckoS, wb oiyTO* OTcyrcTBia ynpasjiaromaro KaseHHoio 
najiaTOD, bt> ko-mkhoctb rytiepHaTopa BcrynaerL ynpaBMimjift rocy- 

AapCTB6HHUUH HMyiH,6CTBaiIH. 

2) ry6epHaTopH h npoiie tohh ry6epHCKHXt ynpaBjemfi onpe- 
xbi&mca Kb aojxhoctjimt, n yBOj&HHK)Tca ot-l ohhxt> nopaflKOMi, 
yKadaHHUMi, bt> cTaTBi 179 h npHjrireamH Kb Hefi ycTaua ocjya6i 
no onpe^jeHiio ott> npaBHTejiLCTBa. 

3) Bt omomeHiH Hajosema B3Hc^amfi Ha ry6epHaTopoBT» h npo- 
qnx'B tohobi ry6epHCKHXT> ynpaBjreHifi, a paBHo OTBiTCTseHHocTH hxt> 
3a npecrynjieHia n npocTynsn no cjy»G4 cotfjnojaroTca o6mia no ceay 
npe^MOTy nociaHo&ieHia (y^p. ceH., ct. 204; otfnj. y^p, ry6., ct. 397 
h yjos. HaKaa., ct. 69, npHM.). 

IV. Kwl npe^MeTOBB xosatcraeHHaro ynpaBjrema oTieceHHHXt kt> 
Bt^feHiiD HpKyTCKaro reHepaji>-ry6epHaTopa (y^p. Ch6., ct. 12, §IH), 
ceny nocjrfe^HeMy npe^ocTaBHTB nepe^aBaxB Ha pasptmeme EHHcefi* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccn — 

CKaro h HpKyTCKaro ryttepHaTOpOBt t4 aftia, oraocHTejBHO kotophxt* 
oht> npHSHaen, dry ir&py nojesHoro. 

V. Howeacamia, coraacHO ycTaBy o cchjbhhxt,, vhxbmn HpKyT- 
csaro reHepajrB-ryfiepHaTopa jn.&ia: a) o HasHa^emn m4ctt> nocejema 
cchjlhumt> jnorepaHCKaro HcnoBijaHia (ct. 164); 6) o&h yBOJBHeHiH on* 
po6oTB CGHJiBHO-KaTopsHUXi» (ct. 318 h 319); b) o pacnpeaiJieHie 
o6pam,eHHurB Ha BojBOpeme, no OKOH^amn pa6orc>, cciuBHo-noce- 
jeHii,eBT> Ha Micra nocejrema (ct. 323); r) o coKpamemH cchjbho- 
noceieHi^aMt cpoxa pa nepeiHCjema bt> KpecTBJrae (ct. 377); a) o 
pasptmemH BOABopeHmurB bi Ch6hph, He neperacjreHHHM'B eme vb 
specrbBHe, ccujLHO-nocejeHi^aM'i, saHHMaTLca ToproBjeio h npoaiu- 
ciami (ct. 381, npHM. 1); e) o pascpora* njaTeaa HeaoHMOK'b hojh- 
TfraecxHM'B npecryHHEKaanb (ct. 388, npnM.); at) o6r» ocBo6o»fleHiH 
yB^HHuxx, (Sojlhmxt, h ^pax-raxi* ccHJBHO-noce.ieHijeB'B otb noAaTefi 
(ct. 390); s) o&b HCBJUOTOHin vm> OKJia^a no^aTefi ccHjn>HO-noce.ieH- 
uewh, Hecnoco6Huxi» kt> cejBCKHMi pa6oTaafb sa apaxjtoctlid, yBiiB*- 

MH H HeHIui^HMlJMH 6ojil3HHMH, a paBHO BLl6tIBfflHXT, HSl Jff&CTt 

BOABopema (ct. 391); h) o&h HC&noqemH m*h oiura^a noaaTeft srk- 

maHT* H KpeCTMHl> H8T> CCLULHHX'L (CT. 392); i) HaSHa^emH H3T. 
9K0HOMOT6CKBX r B KaHHTaJOBt CCHJBHHXt HOCOfiift CCHJLHHM'B, nOTOp- 

uiBiHBMi> pasopeme on ocofieHHHxx HeciacTHux'L cjyqaeBx (ct. 398 
h 399); k) o HasHaTOHiH m*ctb #m noceaema eBpeeB-B (ct. 496), 
Ayxo6opn,eB r i, h MOJOKaBx (ct. 498, n. 3), h a) o paspinnemH co- 
ciaHHHM'L sa o6n^eyro^oBHUfl npecTynjema Ha aHTte, ex JHmemeM'L 
bcIxi oco6eHHUxi», jhiho a no cocroaHiro npHCBoeHHUX'b, npaBT. h 
npeHnyni ( ecTBT>, saHHitaTBca, bt, npe^ijaxt MicTa cchjoch, ToproBJero 
h npoMticjaMH (cr. 503), — npeaocraBHTb paspimeHii) noftiesanptt'L 
ryfiepHaTopoBi, 

VI. OrHeceHHUA kt> Bijimro KaseHHHXt najarL bt, HpKyrcKofl 
h EHHcedcsofi ry6epHiax r b ataa no cnopam. o KaseHHHX'B .seMxaxT, 
MesAy caiemjmH h o6n*ecTBaiua (y^p, Ch6., ct. 42, n. 2) npejpcTa- 
bhtb BiAimio nofljeacam^xx ry6epHCKHXi> ynpaBjremfi. 

VII. CocroanuH npn ryfepHCKHx-B npaBJieHiaxx bt, rytfepmaxx 
To6ojibCitofl, ToMCKoft, EHHceflcKofl h HpKyrcKofi ycTaHOBjema Kpi- 
nocTHHXi> x'&oi, npHCoe,a,HHHTL vb ry<5epHCKHMT> ynpaBjemairb (ot,h. II, 
ct. 1) Ha oii^yDBpx'B 0CH0BaHiflxi>: 

1) npoH8Bo^CTBo aixB o coBepmemn, hbk4 h sacBHfliTejBCTBOBa- 

Hifl aBTOKb COCpeXOTOHHBaeTCH BT, OAHOATB H3T> paCHOp^HTeiBHUX'B 

OTj^jneHifi KaHn,ejflpiH ry6epHCKaro ynpaBJiema, no HasHa^eHiio ry- 
6epHaTopa. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccra — 

2) UpaBa h o6«3aHHOCTH ryfiepHCKaro npaBJiema no chmi>(ct. 1) 
A*JiaMT. npncBOHBaH)Tca otfnjeiiy npHcyTCTBiro rytfepHCKaro ynpaBjeiM. 

3) JKajofiti Ha nocraHOBJieHia o6iu,aro npHcyrcTBia osHaieHHaro 
(cTc 2) ynpaujema npHHOcaTca npaBBTejiBCTByromeiiy ceHaTy nopafl- 
KOBfB, b'l cTaTth 19 OTflijra II HacToam.aro ysaKOHema onpeakienHNirb. 

VIII. MicTHoe ynpaBjeme MeateBoro ^acTB» bt> ryfepHiaxi To- 
GojiLCicoft, ToMCKoft, EHHceflcKoft h HpxyTCRofi ocTaBHTL Ha cyme- 
CTByromeMt ocHOBamn. 

IX. niTan* ry6epHCKHXi> ynpaBJieHifi Bt ryCepmarL Tofiai&CKofi, 
ToMCRoi, EHHceflCKofi h HpicyTCKofl noAHecTH Kt BHCoiaftmeMy Ero 
HMnepaTopcKaro BejmiecTBa yTBepacAeniiD. 

X. HCTHCJeHHue no ceMy (ota. IX) mraTy eaeroflHHe pacxoAH 
noRpuBaTB Ha cjrfi,n;yi)mHXT> ocHOBaHiaxi: 1) no To6ojn>CKofi ryfiepHin 
B'L paaMipi eocbMudecnmu tuecmu mvicHHb ceMttcorm nxmudecxmu py6- 
jefi o6paTHTL Ha oTnycBaeMue huh* Ha co^epsame npeo6pa3yeMHxx 
MicTHiixx ry6epHCKHX'B ynpea^eHifi hsi rocyAapcTBeHHaro KasHa^efi- 
CTBa — 60.602 p., hst» ry6epHCKHXT» seMCKHXt 8.251 p., hst* CTpaxo- 
Baro sannTaja — 2.500 p., hst. cyMMt npnKasa o6n^ecrBeHHaro npn- 
sptHiff — 4.450 p. h H8*i> npoijeHraaro c6opa cl rypTOBt CKOTa — 
1.000 p.; ocTajLHyro 8aT*M* cyimy m> 9.947 p. OTHecrn: Ha cpe*- 
CTBa m4ctho6 ry6epHCKofi THnorpa<j>iH — 500 p., Ha ropoACKie joxoah — 
1.000 p. h Ha BeMCKie c6opH ry6epmH— 8447 p.; 2) hoTomckoA ry- 
6epmH, bt> paswipt eocbMudecnmu tuecmu mMCwa ceMucorm nnmu- 
decnmu pytfjeft, o6paTHTt Ha oraycKaeime hhh4: hsx KagHti — 61.954 p., 
H3% seMCKHXt ctfopoBi. — 10.580 p., HSfc CTpaxoBaro KanHTaaa — 
2.500 p., H3X cymn> npHBasa — 4.450 p., h h8*b npou,eHTHaro c6opa 
ci. rypT0Bi» CKOTa — 1.000 p.; HeaocraromyK) ae cyMMy 6.266 p. orae- 
cth: Ha cpe^CTBa THnorpa(J)iH — 500 p., Ha ropoflcme aoxoah — 1.000 p. 
h Ha seMcme cfopti ry6epmH — 4.766 p.; 3) no EHHceftCKofi ryfiep- 
hjh, B'L pasMipi eochMudeexmu gocimu miacjwb deyxcorm nsmwdecnmu 
pyfijreft, ofiparaTb Ha pacxoayeMHe: hsx sasmi — 72879 p., H3t seM- 
ckhxi c6opoBi> — 5,780 p., HSi cyMMi> npHBasa — 4.960 p.; HejocraiD- 
ntyro *e cymiy bx 4.631 p. oTHecra: Ha cpe^CTBa irhcrHofi THnorpa- 
(J)in — 600 p., Ha ropoflcme aoxoah — 1.200 p., Ha npoijeHTHHfi ctfopfc 
ct rypTOBt CKOTa — 1.000 p. h Ha seiiCKie c6opw ry6epmH — 1.831 p.. 
h 4) no HpKyTCKofi ry6epHin, b'l pasaiipi cmaodnoti muefmu ccmu- 
corm pyfijieft ofiparaTB Ha accHrayeMue: hsi Ka3HU — 76.319 p., H3T 
3eM(!KHXi c6opoB*B — 4.080 p., H8T> cyMMi> npHKasa — 5.625 p., a ho- 
AOCTaroiuyro cpniy wb 15.676 p. othocth: Ha cpe^CTBa ranorpa- 



Digitized by 



Google 



_ cciv — 

4>ih — 700 p., Ha ropo^CBie roxoru — 1.400 p., Ha npoi^HTHuB c6opx 

ex rypTOBx exora — 1.000 p. h Ha 3eMCRie c6opu rytfepmn — 12.576 p. 

XI. OsHaieHHua (ot#. X) cymiH, Ha?HHaa ex 1896 ro,*a, bho- 

CHTL BX HOA^esaHQA HO,Hpa3^tjieHia paCXOAHHXT* CM^TL MHHHCTepCTBa 

BHyrpeHHHxi, .rfurx, noBaauBaa noco6ieMx rocynapcTBeHHOMy sasHa- 
qeicruy, no aoxoahhmx CMf/raMt cero MHHHcrepcTBa, cyMMH, pasHua 
oroeceHHHMx Ha ryCepHCKie 3encBie c6opu n jpyrie, yKasaHHue bi> 
OT^-Lrfe X, ocofoe hctotohbh. 

XU. Bx TesymeMx 1895 ro*y pacxo.pi (ota. X), BtisHBaeirae 
npeofipasoBaHieirB ry6epHCBHxx ynpaBjemfl bx ry6epHiaxx To6ojix- 
ckoS, TomckoS, EHHceicKofi h HpKyTCKofl, OTHeeni Ha o6m,ie ocraTEH 
otx Kpe^HTOBX Ha coaepacame chxx ynpaBieHifi kslkl no pacxojjHofi 
drfcrfc Hasnamaro MHHHCTepcrBa, tobx h ho arfmurb ry6epHCBHXx 
seiicBHxx noBHHHotoefi ynoMaHyraxx ryfiepmfi, ex rbMx, tto6u, bx 
cjy^ai HeAOCTaTBa Tasobtixx ocraTEOBx no seMCEHiix CMfrraMx, He- 
o6xoAHMue KpeAHTH 6ujra oraeceHH Ha nofljeasamia sanacHHa cyaum. 

Xin. ^ojaHOCTHMXi jaw,!*, BoropHa, npn npeacroameiix npe- 
o6pasoBaHiH, He nojyrarx HasHa^eHifi, ocTaBHTfc sa nrraTOMx Ha o6m,eftn» 
ocHOBamn, ex OTHecemeMt HaaepaeBx no npOHSBOflCTBy hmx saurraT- 
Haro atajOBaHBH Ha ocTaTBH on. BpeaHTOBX, accnrHyeMuxx no pac- 
xoahhmx CM^TairB MHHHcrepcTBa BHyTpeHHHXx ^kit Ha coflepacanie 
ryfiepHCKHX-B ynpaMemfi. 

XIV. Haxo^HnpHca bx npoHSBOflCTBi npeo6pa30BHBaeMHxx ycra- 
HOBJieHift (or*. I) #k*a, Boropua bo BpeMeHH BBeaema bx aificTBie 
nacTOflin,aro ysasoHeHia ocranyTca HepaspimeHHHMH, hoahhhhtl bhobb 
ycraHaBJUBaeiiOMy nopn^By. ^lura »e, no botophmx coctohjihcl no- 
craHOBJeHia, oEamHBaix bx npearaeiix nopa^st. 

XV. npe^ocraBHTB MHHncrpy BHyrpeHHHXx #kix npHBecrn HacToa- 
mee ysaKOHeme bx fliftcrBie bx Te^eme 1895 ro.ua. 

Ero HiinepaTopcKoe BejraraecTBo BocnocjrfcflOBaBinee MHiraie bi» 
o6meMX co6paniH rocyaapcrBeHHaro coBiwra, 1 ixraa BHCoiafime yTBep- 

AHTL C0H3B0JHJX H HOB&rbjTb HCHOJHHTB. 

816. 06b otpaHuneniu npae* MfbcmntAZb ejuumeCi no npodaotcfb 
KcueHHuxi 3€M6Ab tn> AMypcnod u BpuMopcKoti o&McmjiXh. 

Tocy^apB HiinepaTopx, no nojoaeHii) BOMHTera CndnpcBoft ace* 
JitsHofi AoporH, bx 13 A^Hf) Maa 1895 r., BuconaSme noBejf>TL co- 

H3BOJHJTB: 

Bx HSMtHeHie h AonojiHeme no^Jieatanmxx yaaBOHemfl nocTaHo- 
BHTb, bx bh^4 BpeHeHHoA M r Jipu: 1) npio6piTeHie seiiejB bx paioHi 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccv — 

YccypificKOfl seffesHofi Aoporn, a parao npocrpaHCTKB, 6iasma&mBX f h 
k-b npoeKTHpyeMOMy HanpaRieHi» AmypcKofi jramn, tocthhmh jHijaMH 
bt> co6cTBeHHocTB BOcnpemaeTca h 2) npo^aaa Bcin> nporaxt Ka- 
3eHHbixT> seMejEB Bt npe#kiaxfc AitypcKoft h HpHMopcBOft ofaacreft, 
Bnpe#L ao OKOH^aTexbHaro nepecMOTpa ysasoHeHifi, ycTaHaBjHBattmHXt 
npoAaacy bt> osHaqeHHuxx ofaacraxT* saseHEHxi 3eMaiL Bt^acTHyi) 
co6cTBeHHOCTb (n. 3 ct. U BHCcmftme yroepameHHaro, 18 i»ra 1892 r. 
Mfffema rocyAapcTBeHHaro coBiTa), flonycKaerca He HHa?e, Kara ci 
pa3pimeHia HpHaaiypcKaro reHepaj^-ryfepHa-ropa. 

817. 06b yeeAuneniu KOMtueKma 6n>Ab* ei KAununecKOMb eoen- 
noMb locnvmaAtb. 

818. nepeuMenoeaniu 2-%o 6amcuiona Bu6op%CKOii xpfmocmnou 
apmuAAepiu eb 1»U 6amajiiom JLu6aecKoik Kpfbnocmnou apmuAAepiu u 
2-io 6atnajiiona flfiuHcnoti Kpfbnocmnou apmuAAepiu eb 3-& famajiioHb 
KosencKOu KpfbrtocmnoH apmuAAepiu. 

819. 06b usMfbueniu c6opntAXb upocnycmtaxb nynnmoeb 6m CMtbn- 
Huart u AbtomHuxb KOMandb Open6ypicKato Kaaanvno eo&ctca. 

820. ncpjuhm npomeodcmea Hanumanoeb eb hoakoshuku eb 
noAKOXh 3 teapdetknoH ntixomuou dueusiu, no CAynaio dopoeania 
KeKciQAbMCKOMy ipenadepcKOMy HMnepamopa AecmpitlcKaxo u C.~ 
IIemep6yp%CKOMy tpenadepctcoMy KopoM 0pudpuxa-BuAbieAtMa III 
noAKaMb npaeb u npeuMyutecmeb, npuceoenuuxb eoucxaMb cmapoU 
teapdiu. 

821. nopjuhcfb cnomeuiii no npieny otfuuepoeb eb eoenwA* 
oKadeMiu: ApmuAAepiuctcyio u EnotcenepHyfO. 



Digitized by 



Google 



KOJMEriAJlbfWE BAHAJIO Wb IHrtHCWfCKOtt Wnmikm 



Co BpeiceHH y^peaflema mmhhct^ctbi npoiuo okojo cto- 
jftrk — nepioji, Bpen6HH 9 eoBepmeHHO jocTaTO^Hirt jjm tofo, 
vretiii MorJH otfHapyjRHTBCfl joeroHHCTBa h HejociaTKH e^HHO- 
js^roU opraHH3aiyH i^eirtpaiBHaro ynpaBjema. He npecriAyH, 

OAH8BO, IjIklH AeT&IBHarO pa8CMOTp^HiH OTHX'L aoctohhctkb h 

H^OCTaraoB'B, mu HMieMx Bt BH^7 jramB otfpaTHTB BHEMame 
na BectMa xapasTepHoe h sHaMeHaT&iBHoe ABjeme, nocromHO 
o6p8€OBUBaBnieecfl bx MHHHCTepcKoS opraHHaai^H bx raceme 
e* etojFbmeU HCTopin — sto BOflBopeme bx wofl oprammiuH 
KoueriaABHaro Baraga, nocreneHHoe B03Bpameme bx npraip- 
naart h *opMa*ra opraHHsaipH, rocnoflCTBOBaBmHM'B vb c^pi 
Biicniaro ynpaBJiema b% PocciH b% XVE cTOtfkriH. IIpeRAe 
q&BCB npe^daBHTB ^OKasaTejBCTBa 9Toro saaBieHia, mu hosbo- 
xmro ce<5i cfffcaaTB CBoeip poaa HCTopHnecKyio cnpaBKy, BosBpa- 

TACB MHCJbK) 3a CTOJTfrrie HasaffB, KT> MOMeHTy B03HHEHOBeHia 
MMHHCT6pCTBT». 

IIpoH3Be^eHHaa bx Haqaxfe Tesyn^aro CTOjAiia peopraHHsa- 
qia n,eHTpajLHaro ynpaBJieHia npHHaAieatHTB kb rfcifB pa^H- 
BaiBHHirB pe^opMairB, KOTopua coBepmaioTca tojibko pa3x b% 
crorime hjh ja*e bx nfecKOJiBKo cmrfnift, h botophmx, dri*- 
AOBaTeiBHO, Buna^aerL Ha jojho hojio»htb cbor) nenaTB Ha 
bch> rocy^apcTBeHHyio »h3hb Ha MHorie aecaTra aferB. 

Bx caMOMi x&rft, saarfma sojuieriajiBHoft opraHH3an,iH n,eH- 
TpaiBHiixx yqpesAeHift opraHHsaiueio eflHHOMHHofi npeflCTaB- 

x. »psu. o6m. kh. yii 1895 r. 1 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 2 — 

AfleTCfl, xaxe npn noBepxHOCTHoitB pascMOTpimn Bonpoca, bi> 
BLicmefl CTeneHH cymecTBeHHofi, Tasi KaKi <raa otfosHaiaerB, 
yto ex MOMeHTa TaKofi sairi^HH Bee BJtiflHie Ha rocynapcTBeH- 
HyH) JRH3HB, Ha ycoBepmeHCTBOBaHie pasjHHHHX* OTpacjiefl 8T08 

JRH3HH, a BM^CT* CB T^Mt, CJT&flOBaTeJBHO, h Ha (taarococToa- 

Hio n.&iHX'B MHjjiioHOB'L jaojsfiHy tfyaerb nepeHeceHO Ha OTflfoB- 

HHX'B JHHHOCTefl, TaitfB Ha3HBaeMHX'B MHHHCTpOBl, 3aM*HHBHIHXl 

co6ok) y^pea^ema KO-MeriaatHiia, t. e. coctohbhua 031 ijjkioft 
coBOKynHOCTH jdnfB h otfcyamaBmia bc£, ceojtbko ratfynB 3Ha- 
qHTejBHMH, Mipti coo(5ma. YciOBia, npn BOTopuxx npnnurocB 

BCTyHHTB Bl> SH3HB yHpeameHUDTB otf&HXB npOTHBOnOJIOSLHMXT> 

Apyrt spyry cacTeMt ynpaBaema, npeflCTaBJuwoTCH aobojibho 
cxojrhmh. A^MHHHCTpaTHBHiift xaocB, npeflmecTBOBaBnrift BBe^e- 
nm Tofi h apyrofi cncTeMH, aoxoahji jo BecsMa 3Ha?HTejB- 
hlixi pasMipoBt; ^o-neTpoBCsie npmtasH h naBJOBCKW ROJie- 
rin, nepeMimaHHHH cb MHHHCTepcTBaMH, Hirfura, ho CBoefitfes- 
nopa,no^HocTH, MHoro otfmaro; caMiM ycioBia jrhshh npn TleTpt, 
KaKt h npn AjieKcaHApi I, TpetfoBara tfojfce, tImx m> KaKoe 
jih6o apyroe BpeMa, opraHH3aTopcBoff, TBopnecKoff flfcarejBHOCTH, 
ROTopaa, no caMofl cymnocrn CBoero xapasiepa, cb 6ojiBraHMi> 
ycnixoMTB MoaterB 6htb BtinojiHJieMa coBOKynHOCTBH) jraraocrefi, 
ne^ejra eflHHHTOHMH jraijaMH, ecjra hm4tb bi BHfly Jno^ei o(>hrho- 

BCHHHXl H He paCTHTHBaTB Ha HXX remaJTBHOCTB. „KojLieriH, 

cnpaBe,pHBO sa,wknun> ^MHTpieBx, bi 9Ty enoxy (t. e. npn 
ITeTpi) 6hjth nojiesH^e bchkoS apyrofl $opMH npaBjema. B'b 
nanajri XVIII Biraa HyafcHO 6hjlo ne ctojbko ynpaBJMTB, ckoxlko 
co3HAaTB h opraHH30BaTB ynpaBJieme. Bee npuxoflMOCB saBO- 
jjhtb CHOBa hjh nepe^HBaTB. IleTpy Hy»HH 6hjh joo#h, ko- 
TopHe 6h noMorara eMy bi o6hihphom , b fllurk rocyjapcTBeH- 
uaro ycTpoflcTBa. #Jia oprammijiH, jjia o6cy^eHia hobhxx 
M^pi, ajih npiHCRama cpe^cTBt ynpaBJema, KOxaeriajtHBia 
M^CTa, no CBoefi cyn^HOCTH, cnocotffffce jraraofi ajMHHHCxpai^H. 
M£pa, ofi^yMaHHaa MHoraMH jmjaMH, npomejmaa ^pesx Mex- 
jeHHyio noBipKy jifljiviix'h npemfi, HM^erB 6ojie pynaTeiBCTBi 

UOJHOTBI H ^pliJIOCTH. JIhTHLIA U.'kffH, KOTOpBIfl MOrJH 6tl HCKa- 

shtb ee, npn TaKHXi yciOBiaxi npoaBjaioTca MeH$e a . E,pajH 



Digitized by 



Google 



mu onra6eMca, ecM cKaaeicB, hto vh xaKoifB ate npsfaHSH- 
TejLHO uojo&emH HaxoAKiHCB y HacB jfcjra h fb Haraiii HHBrfcm- 
Hflro cmrfcria. 06m,ecTBeHHLUf h rocyftapcTBeHHua noipe^HOCTH Ha 

CTOJBBO pa3BHJHCL yse H yCJOSHHJIHCB, tto cymecTBOBaBnria 

y^pea^eHk nepecT&iH yaoBJieTBopjm> CBoeff u$ae; a#MHHHCTpa- 
TKBHaa opraHHsaqia h xiwrejiBHOCTB jajeKO otct&kh otb j&ft- 
CTBHTeiLHofl jbhbhh; TpetfoB&iocB nepeco3jame hxi, otfHORieme, 
npHcnocotiieme kt> noTpefaocrflifB HapoxHoS »h3hh, a BM$cr£ 
rt rimx cocTa&ieme hoblixj> ycTaBOBi h npaBEWB ffiurrejB- 

HOCTH. 

MojioxoMy npaBirreABCTBy Hanaja TeKymaro Biraa npeACTOAia 

JOBOJIBHO TpyAHaa flHJeMMa: npHXOJHJOCb HJIH BOSCTaHOBHTB CB 

npeacHHMi sHanemeirB BOAieriajBHoe Haqajo, o<5hobhbiiih ero 
h xaBmH eMy tioxbe npaBHJBHoe Bupaaeme, hih o^paximca 
kb CHCTeMi npflMO npoTHBonoJO^Hofi. yBJieneHHoe npHM T fepoMT> 
3ana^a, Tfjk rocnoxcTBOBaia y«e MHHHCTepcBafl CHcreMa, Ha- 
meAinaa noJHoe h coBepmeHHoe CBoe Biipaseme b?> a#MHHH- 
CTpauiH HanoJieoHOBCBOfi $pani^H, pyccBoe npaBHTejBCTBO cbjio- 
hhjocb xasse kb aTofl CHCTeir&, h BOAierra, bm4cxo Toro, hto6h 
6htb yjyHmeHHUMH h otooBjeHHHMH, OBOH?aTeiBHO coiilih cb 
rocy^apcTBeHHofl cijeHii. OffBaBO, K&K r b caicoicy HMnepaTopy 
AjiescaHxpy I, TaKi paBno n ero coxpyAmraairB no pe<j)opMain>, 

OTOHB XOpOIHO 6W10 H3B%CTHO, TTO KOpeHHUe HeflOCTaTBH MH- 

HHcrepcsoi CHCTemi Ha 3ana^h noJiyMHJH chabhuH hpothbob^cb 
b-b Hapo^HOifB npe^daBHTejiBCTB'h. HoBTOMy, ecjH AieEcaHflp'B I 
piumuicfl o6paTHTBCfl ki OTOfi cncxeiri*, to 0H6BHAH0 bi npefl- 
nojoxemn sopeHHaro HSM^HeHin bt» caMora rocy^apcTBeHHOMx 
CTpo«6; 8to no#rBep»flaeTCJi MHornMH HCTopHHecBHMH ^OByMeH- 
TaHH; caMHft miam MHHHCTepcKofi peopraHH3an,iH fb nepio- 
HaqaJBHOifB CBoeifB BUfljh 6ujtl HHofl, HeatejH BasHicB oh'b 
ocymecTBMca. OCcTOHTejBCTBa cjo&hjhcb Tas*, vro CojiLiuaa 
nacTB npexnojioaBemi rpa$a CnepaHCBaro He ocynjecTBMacB; 
OT&OAa h caMtia yqpesAemH, 6yfly*ni noeraBjeHU He Ha rfe 

OCHOBaHifl, KOTOpUfl flM HHX'B rOTOBHJHCB, H6 MOrJTH o6eB^J- 
JMTB H TtX'B pesyJBTaTOB'B, KOTOpUXI, MOXHO 6hULO 6u OHCH- 

AaTB on* hhx'b npH flpyraxTb ycjOBiaxx. TaRHMi o6pa30Mi, bt> 



Digitized by 



Google 



CaMJblfl OCHOBaHlfi BOSHHBHOBeHk MHHHCTepCTBl> jeiMH h4*0T0- 

paa Jioj&nua npeAnojoseHUE. Bora noneMy, Mesxy nporairB, 
bi> nepetie toau cyiqecrBOBama MHHHCTepcRoff cHCTeiui ham* 
npHXOAHTca HatfjuojaTB BecBMa notionHTHua h 3HaiieHaTeiBHHa 
aBJiema: cTpeMJienia npaBirreJBCTBa yCTaHOBHTB npoimia ochoih 

MHHHCTepCKOft OTB^TCTBeHHOCTH H tiesyCirlniHOCTB EXfc, ROHCTa- 

THpoBaHie BToro otfcToaTeaBCTBa co eropOHii npnBepseHi^RB 
KoxieriajBHoft chctcmh a 6opi>6a nocjiiffiiHX'L nporaBt exrao- 
jiHHHaro Hanaaa vl ynpaBaeHin. ^ 

OTB^TCTBeHHOCTB MHHHCTpOBX B% HeOrpaHHqeHHOfl MOHapXlH 

npeffCTauwerB, RaRi hsbIjctho, orpoMHoe paainie orb no*o6- 
Hofl ae OTBbTCTBeHHOCTH wh rocy^apcTFb KOHCTHTyijioHHOM'B. 
3to xopomo noHHMaJOCB h cocTaBHxeaaMH „o6m,aro ynpeame- 

Hia MHHHCTepCTB r b a , ROTOpHe 0praHH8yH)ra OTB&TCTBeHHOCTB He 

no-KTHHecKyio, ho hckjuohhtmbbm) ropHflreecayio. npeBumeme 
BJiac™ n 6e3^fteTBie — botb #Ba ochobhux* noBOga npoBie- 
qeHia mhhhctpob^ r*b OTB^TCTBeHHOCTH na ocHOBaim n o6maro 
yqpeameHia". HpeBHrneHie Bjracra, o tOTopoMB roBopara „o6mee 
yqpeataeHie", eciB Hsxame paenopaseiriA, npoTHBauxT> saROHaurB; 
6e3fl4ftcreie — oto HenpHHarie HaAaesa^HX'B irfeptB, pesyjiBTaTOMi 
qero oaasuBaeTca rocy^apcTBeHHBifi ynjepfo* Ho, BueRasraaa era 

OCHOBHUa HOJK)»eHia MHHHCTepeROft OTBiTCTBeHHOCTH, COCTaBR- 

Tejin o6maro y*ipe»fleHia hobojbho bhbjih eaMH ct eotfoBo kb 
KObojibho saiciTHoe npoTHBopi^ie, TaRB mi ohh ae h bt, 
tomx ase caMOMt n yHpe»AemH a BUXBirayjiH aa BHflHoe m$cto 
npHimnin> BaaoooM^pHaro noBHHOBema HHsnraxx yqpeJMemi 

BUCIHHM'L H IT> laCTHOCTH MHHHCTepCTBaiTB. Bx CMy 9T0T0 QpHH- 

Y\uuz MHHHcrepcBia pacnopaatema, nporaBHtia aaROHa^ b*b toitb 
toIbro cjiy^a't Moraa 6utb ncnoAHaemi hhsiahmh ycraHoaie- 
HiaMH, Rorja, no hxi> npeACTaBjieiriio, 6hm Cm oflotfpenH ce- 
HaTOMi; bi npoTHBHom cjy^ai h HcnoiBeirie hx'b He Mono 
ocyn^ecTBHTBca; TaRHWB o6pasoirB r no n o6meicy ynpeameHiiOMH- 
HHCTepcTBi» tt BeiBMa Tpy^Ho ce6k h npe^CTaBHTB cjiyiatt npa- 
BjeneHia MHHHCTpa r*b otb4tctb6hhocth sa ocymecraieHie nipt, 
npoTHBHHX'B aaRony. Ecm MEHHCTepcioe pacnopaxeaie h«a- 
TBepatAOHO ceHaTOMx, mhhhctp , b ne Mosera no^iesaxB otb^t- 



Digitized by 



Google 



CTB6HB0CTH; 6&ZH OHO He HOtfTBepajeHO, OHO He aoij&ho 6htb 

HcnoxHeno h, ca$flOBaTejn>HO, ohbtb TaKH n6rB ocHOBania &m 
npHBJieieiria MHMcrpa s% otb*tctb6hhocth. Otb^tctb6hhoctb 

MHHHCTpOB'E 3a HCHOJCHeHie H8flaHHHX'B HMH H HpOTHBOpiqanjHX* 

saBOHy pacnopaaeHifl 6uaa <5u bosmokhoS b*l tomi> tojtbko 
ciywfc, sor^a noflHHHeHmia ycTaHOBjeHia, noay«BmH noflofr- 
Haro poja pacnopaaema, no HeaopasyMtaiio, HesHaHiio hjh ne- 
BHHMamB), He 'ycMOTpfcan 6u btb hex* HH^ero, OTirfiHaiomaro 
cymecTByionpfl 3aKOHi> ? h 6aaroaapa tojibko woMy npHBejm 611 
pacnopaaeme bt> ncnojiHeme; hjih ae BaEOHO^aTeaB mope npefl- 
noaaraTB HenojraeHie npoTHB08a*OHHHx , B pacnopaaemfi hhhh- 
ctpofb ho^b BJiiflHieMt 6oa3hh hjih jos ho noHHHaeMaro aoara 
6esyejOBHaro iepapxH^ecsaro no^HHOHia hhshihx'b ycTaHOBae- 
mi BHcniHifL; to h xpyroe bx raasaxi saEOHO^aTeaa Mono 
6htb tojbeo HCiuio^eHieMi; botl noieMy, cb npiraijHiiiaJBHofi 
towh ajrfema, „o<Smee y*peaaeHie a Bnaflaera b% nporaBopirae, 
a caxuft sasoH^ 06% OTBiTCTBeHHOCTH sa npeBianeme uacrn 
Tepaen no** co6ok> nowy. B-b caMoira aiurfe, sasaa npasTH- 
qecBaii Heo6xo#HMOCTB noflBepraTB mhhhctpob'b orafeTCTBeHHOCTH 
3a pacnopaaenia, oTM^Haionpa saEOHi, Eor.ua ohh 6e8% yTBep- 
axema ceHaTa HHEorja He Moran 6u 6htb h ncnomenu? Tasia 
pacnopaaeHia Bcer^a osasuBaiHCB 6u 6e3BpeAHUMH h CBH/vfrraiL- 
CTBOBaJiu 6u toxbko o HejocTaToraoM'B 3HaHin MHHHCTpaMH cy- 
mecTByioi^HXi sasoHOB^ hjih ae o6i hxi» HejocTaxo^HOBrB kt> 
hhwb yBaaem*; ho hh Tyn, hh TaifB h4tb enje Ha jhijo 
npecrynaemfi, sa soTopua MoaHO 6hjo 6u no^BepraTB mhhh- 

CTpOKB lOpH^HHeCEOft OTBilTCTBeHHOCTH. 

OflaBaBoiHCB 6eacHJiBHHirB ycraHOBHTB jMcTBHTeaBHo pe- 
aaBHHa ochobh oTBiTcraeHHOCTH mhhhctpob'b sa npoTHBOsason- 
huh pacjiopaaema, „o(>mee y^pea^eme MHHHCTepcTB'B" Moi\ao 
6m, no EpaflHefi M^p*, ymHOBHTB Haaaeaamyio OTBtTCTBeH- 
hoctb 3a Tasia MHHHCTepesia pacnopaaeHia, EOTopua, He (fyxyiH 
npoTHBHH sasoHy, MorjH 6u npexcTasaaTB EpaSflria HeyaotfcTBa 
hx* HcnojHeHia bx w^y pfexi me Apyrnxx m4cthhx , b ycao- 
sifi H rpo3HTB bx caynafc HcnoaneHia rocywpcTBeHHHM'B ymep- 
6am. YcraHOBJieHie otb^tctbchhocth wb t^ehxi cayiaaxx vhu r b 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 6 — 

6ojrfee flo-MKHO <5 M0 (j H hm4tb m^cto, hto icfecTHHa ycTaHOB- 
jema He 6iuh ynoraoMOHeHH flja pa3pi*ineHia othxi cjyqaeBt 
otfpanjaT&ca fb ceHarc>, ho odasami (faun orpaHHUBaTLca jubhib 
yRasaHieiTB Ha HeyAoficrBa ncno-iHeHia MHHHCTepcRHXL pacno- 
paaeHiit caMHMX MHHHCTpairb. n 06wpe ynpe&Aenie mhhh 
cTepcTBi> a mraero, oAHaso, no aTOMy noBOAy He coAepasHTB, h 
hsx ct. 282 mo&ho BHBecTH jrafflB saRameme, hto sa xasoro 
po^a pacnopaaema mhhhctph He aoju&hh <Siuh noABepraTBca 

HHBaEOfi OTB^TCTBeHHOCTH. 

YCTaHOBMBHIH HpHSpaHHyK) OTBtlCTBeHHOCTB MHHHCTpOKB Sa 

npeBHmeHie BjacTH bx crnica* HSAama pacnopaaeHiff , Hecoraac- 
hmxi> vb saKOHOBTB, „otfmee yHpeafleme a sa bc6mx rhwb cxa- 
paiocB enje noA^HCKaTB rfc cjiynan, bx botophxi ^aTejBHOCTB 
MHHHCTpoBfc He Morjut 6u 6utb noABeAeHa hoa'b noraTie npe- 
BinneHia Bjacra. 

%o Kacaerca Apyraro naBHaro ocHOBama am npHBje^e- 

Hia MHHHCTpOBl EX OTB$TCTBeHHOCTH — HXt (feSAtftCTBia, TO HO 

8TOMy Bonpocy Bt w o6m,eMi> ynpeaAeHiH" He mrteica BOBce hh- 
EaRHTB totohxx ysasaHift. BTopoff nyHKTB ct. 279 saasjuurb 
jHinjb, hto mhhhctpx OTflfcrcTByerB, ^ocTaBHBx BjacTB eicy a&h- 
Hyio tfesx ^iflcTBia, HetipeaemeMi cbohmx nonycTHBx BaaHoe 
sjoynoTpe&reHie h.ih rocyxapcTBeHHuft ymepfo". Cmhcjtb aToro 
ysaKoneHia, otobhaho, tote, hto mhhhctph ao-hemi (Jllih hoa- 
BepraTBca OTB&rcTBeHHOCTH sa HeHcnojiHeme BOsaoaenHHXB Ha 
hhxx o(SasaHHOcrefl, Ror#a otl Taitoro HeHcnojHema nporao- 
meJTB 6u Bpe^x am rocyxapcTBa; nocTaHOBjeme, Basx bhahmx, 
Majo onpe^JieHHoe, ecra npHHaTB wb ocotferaocTH bo BHHica- 
me to o6cT03TeJBCTBO, hto ho r&CHoft CBasn npe^MeTOBx b4- 
AOMCTBa, npHMiie toA hjih Apyroit M$pu Ha ctojbko se moimo 
6utb o6asaHHOCTBio offsoro MHHHCTpa, Ha ckojlko h Apyraro. 

IIpeAnojiaraa, OAnaRO, MnHHcrepcRyio oTBfcrcTBeHHOCTB #&- 
jomi» BnojHi bosmoshhitb h ocyn^ecTBHMHMx, „otfmee yipe- 
aAeme" npeAycMaTpHBaao Tanae h chocoCh BOstfyaAema Tasoft 
OTBfrrcTBeHHOCTH, KyAa 6buh OTHeceHu: aajiotfn no^HHeHHHX'B, 
AOHecema itIcthhxx HaqaJBCTFt, cyAx Haffb noAHHHeHHUMH 

MHHHCTpaM'B JHD,aMH, peBHSUI H T. A* YBasaBHIH Ha BCi HOAO0- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 7 — 

Haro po^a cpe^crBa mh hoboxu npHBjeqema mhhhctpob'b b*b 
OTBtTCTBeHHOCTH, „o6mee yqpeameHie MHHHCTepcxBt", aaax 6u 
onacaflCB, He cjaanEOWb jh jrereo 6y^en> npHBJesaTB MHHH- 
CTPOB'B El OTBtTCTBeHHOCTH, flOtfaBJIMO, HTO Btffc 9TH CpeflCTBa 

Tor^a tojbbo aojxhh 6hjh hm^tb CHJiy, sor.ua 6wm 6hocho- 
BaHH Ha acmixt h HeonpoBepfflHMux'B ^OKaaaTejibCTBax-L h Bor#a 
EpoM-fe Toro, ffificTBiaMH mhhhctpobi 6ujh> 6u HaHecenB Kaicoff 
jol6o BasHuff rocy,napcTBeHHirif ymepfo (§§ 287 h 288). 3thmt> 
Ao6aBjemeM'L sasoHa cboahjhcb hohth kx nyjio bc6 BumeosHa- 
neHHue choco6h npHBjeiemfl mhhhctpob'b kt» otb^tctbchhocth. 

IIpHnOMHHafl BCe CKa3aHHOe MHHHCTepCBOJt OTB^TCTBeH- 

hocth, BaBi onpeffkMJio ee 3aBOHOAaTeJBCTBO HMnepaTopa Aae- 
EcaH^pa I, Hejifcsa aMctbhtcjibho He npHATH bi TOMy BHBO#y, 
hto, He cMOTpa Ha Bee ae-iame sasoHOAaTeia bo3mcmbho toh- 
fffee h crpose $opMy<rapoBaTB nojoaeHia, Racaiomiaca aroro 
Basnaro npeflMeTa, ji$ju> 8Ta AajeBO He 6uuia AocTHrayTa; bi> 
CTaxBaxi 3asoHa CTaJBHBaeTca Macca npoTHBopinifl n HeacHo- 
crefl; Ha pa^y ct> CTpeMaemeM'B npH^aTB BTOMy fliuiy cepLe3noe 
raaqeme, npoiMOAHBaerB BaBaa to 6oa3HB, bi cnjry ?ero oahh 
nocTaHOBjema napajorayioTCJi ApyniMH. B% pe3yji>Tarfc Bcero 
woro oKasaaocB, hto cocTaBHTejn „o6maro yHpeaaeHk mhhh- 
crepcTBi" 6hjh He vb cnjiaxx cnpaBHTBca Ha ( pe»amnM , B o(5pa- 

ZOWb OB BOHpOCOM'B MHHHCTepCBOfi OTB'bTCTBeHHOCTH, H BeCB 
OT#iUFB O&b BTOMfc, Hptf BCefl BHklHHeft H $OpMaJIBHOff CTpOft- 

hocth, crpa^aerB OTcyTCTBieMX co^ep^KaTejiBHOCTH; hcthhhbtxi 

H peaJBHLIX'L OCHOBT) MHHHCTepCBOft OTB^TCTBeHHOCTH HOJO&eHO 

He 6uao. 

Bee bto oneHB xopomo noHHMajrocB h coBpeMeHHHBaMH y^pe- 

XAeUlfl MHHHCTepCTB'B H CTaBMOCB Ha BHfll. HpaBHTeJIBCTBy BX 

ocodeHHOCTH rfcMH hs* hhxt>, soTopiie 6mh npHBepaemjaMH 
ROJLieriaJLHoft chctcmh, npn newb bi> btoitb cxoahjhcb Me»Ay 
co6ok) aass jhoah JintfepajBHEie, Tasx h EOHcepBaTHBHHe. IIo- 
mhmo npHSHaHin BumeyBasaHHHX'B HeaocTaTBOB'B 3aaoHOflaTejiB- 

HOfi perJiaMeHTaipH BOnpOCa MHHHCTepCBOft OTB^JTCTBeHHOCTH, 

coBpeiceHHHBaKH BOHCTarapoBajiHCB h H*BOTopHfl apyria jraje- 
Hia H3x otfjiacTH yate ^aBTHHecBofi 2BH3HH, sy^a othochjchcb oTcyT- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— . 8 — 

CTBie Hajjeaanjaro h Biicmaro oprana kohtpoju sa Bcefi ajMH- 
HHCTpan,iefi h „npaBo jraraHHXB flOKJiaflOBB". Rjui Toro, hto6h 

BJiaCTB' MHHHCTpOBt SCSI^a OCTaBaJftCB FL HadHaHeHHHXl jpfl 

Hea npefltaaxB, Hajo 6iuo, wto6u opraHH, kotophmb npejo- 
CTaajeHo (Siuo npaBo KOHTpoxa, ' x^3ctbht6jibho nojB80BaJMCB 6u 
dTHMi npaBOitB. 3Toro Ha caMoirL #fcjrfc He 6imo, aa h He 
moimo 6htb; nonHTKa BOSBpamTB ceHaTy ero npeatHee 3Haie- 
Hie OBasaiacB 6esjm ; hmMoA. CnepaHCKifi hm^jtb bb bhay no- 
cpeACTBOHi ceHaTa ofoeaHHHTB bcio aAMHHHCTpaipio, #*a *ero 
npeffiojarajiacB h pa#HKaj[BHaa peopraHHsanja ceHaTa, Ha ffkrfc 
HeocymecTBHBinaacjL Bb hhcbm^ kb HHnepaiopy AieKcaHApy I 
H3B UepMH CnepaHCKifl Meajy nporaMB nucajx: „flafi Bon, 
BceMBmocTHB-iftmift rocyaapB, hto6h Bpera cie HacTajo (t. e. 
BpeifA npeo6pa30Bamfl ceHaTa). IIpoeKTB mojkctb 6htb nepe- 
MlraeHi, Hcnpa&ieH^ hjh cobc6mb nepeflfoaHB jhdjbmh 6oxfee 
MeHfl CBi^ymmra, ho a TBepxo yBipeHB, hto tfesi ycipoflcTBa 
ceHaTa, coo6pa3Haro ycTpofiCTBy mhhhctcpctbb, 6eai cpejOToqia 

H TBepAOfi CBH3H fffctfB, ICHHHCTepCTBa BCerja 6yAyrB HaHOOHTB 

6ojrfee Bpe^a h BaMB sa&mi, Hemera hojbsh h floeroHHCTBa". 
TaraMB o6pa30MB, cam TBopeijB MHHHCTepcBofl opraHHsaipH 
naxofleJH) Heo6xoff0a£HirB am npaBHiBHaro xo.ua j&ib o6b6xh- 
hhtb MHHHCTepcTBa bb KOJueriajBHOirB ycTaHOBjeHin — ceHart h 
rhwb caMHMi> cosxaTB hpothbob$cb HejocraTBaMB eftHHOiHiHaro 
ynpaRieHia; sairfraaTeJBHHMB bb btomb cjy wfe npeAcraftuercji, 

EOHe^HO, TO, TOO BB BaHOCTB^ JTCKapCTBa npOTHBB 30JB ejHHO- 

jMHHaro ynpaBJieHLfl peBOMeH^yerca Bee to se BOueriaiBHoe 
na^ajo. Ha caMOMB fl-iii, o^Haso, ceHart Tasoro 3Ha?em& He 
nojry*nuB, xota de jure ohb h 6imb npraHaHB cpe^OTO^ieMs 
bc£xb HcnoiHHTejtBHHXB ffarb. y»e caMoe „yqpe»#eHie mhhh- 

CTepCTBB" He HaXOAHJO B03MOSHUMB BHOCHTB BB CeHaTB BCfl- 

Baro poaa fffcia; A^ia, noflaemaBinifl TafiHi, bb ceHarL He bhg- 
chjihcb. 3#$cb h cji^yeTB HCBaTB 3apoflinnB t&xb jhhhhxb 
Aobjmaobb, EOTopue BnocjfeflCTBiH noiyraiH TaKoe rpoMa#HGe 
3Ha?eme h npiraocuH HHorfla Tasofl rpoMaAHufl BpejB. Bb 
caMOMB jrkrfc, JHHHLie aobmah, ^onymeHHHe nepBOHa^a^BHO 
sas% HCWLDTOHia h pasBHBfflieca Bnocjt^cTBiH no dHawTejB- 



Digitized by 



Google 



_- 9 _ 

Htira pasMipoFB, nopopuiH to, apOTHBi iero co6eTB6HHO h 
Hanpa&seHa fouia pe<j>opMa — 6e30TB$TCTBeHHOCTB BBtcnrax'B aojur- 

lOCTHHX'B JHIJ.'B. C0Bp6MeHHHEH MHHHCTepCBOft pe$0pMU HOH0- 

MajH h BHCEa8HBaaH, hto Taut, rrf* bohtpojib hwb ynpawe- 
meira npflHa^seaurrb Hapoay b* janfe ero npejcT&BHTeJiefi, jwh- 
Hue Aoua^Bi mhhhctpobt> r4aB$ rocywpcTBa Hajo npnsHaT* He 
tojbro nojesHHMH, ho h h6o6xoahmiimh; Tairb rjaBa rocyaap- 
CTBa ^ojaefft HaxoflHT&ca Bt> HenpepuBHOMi> otfmeHin ci cbohmh 
areHTaiin, Taai Ban sasxoe cbojbbo hh6yab Ba&Hoe pacno- 
paaeHie tjebh rocyjapcTBa aoju&ho <5utb BOHTpacnraoBaHO co- 

OTB^TCTByiOmilM'B KHHHCTpOlfB, 0TB$TCTB6HHH1C , B g& ero 3aS0H- 
HOCTB UJ&Xb HapOAHHMX npeACTaBHT&IBCTBOM'B; HanpOTHBI», B1> He- 

orpaHH^enHoif MOHapxin mhhhctpw, abjushcb areHTaMH rocy- 
japa, npeffL hhici oahhm'b h OTB-frrcTBeHHH, TaKi hto, nojy- 
tobhih nojiHOMoiie Ha sanyio jh6o irfcpy HenocpexcTBOHHO otb 
rjiaBH rocyxapcTBa, ohh vhu% canuMi cjiarajon cb cetfa sca- 
Byio oTB^TCTBeHHOCTB. 3xpaBufi jwh CnepaHCBftro TaK«e, ro- 
He^HO, He mofb woro ho noHHMaTB: ^mee ynpeaweHie mh- 
HHCTepcTB'B a , Basi 6bwo yate 3aMiHeHO, aeaajo nocTaBHTB 
xesay rocyxapeifi h MHHHCTpaMH ceHara, npeai BOTopuS h 
AOxshbi 6hm hath BcenoAxaHHtflmie AOBaaxu; buhuo aaax 
pasi Hao6oporB: mhhhctpbi, BaB* ho pasi sairfwau coBpeMeH- 
hhbh AjeKcaHApa I, craju Meawy rocy^apeMi h ceHaTOMx, h, 
^OKjaAHBaa rocyaapio, He hoatohmhcb yae 6ojiie HHKaBOBiy 
Apyroicy yqpe*AeiriK>. KapaM3BH'B no BTOMy nofloay nncajit: 
n Poccieio npaBHiH mhhhctph, t. e. Kaagpaft no csoefl nacTH 
Mort TBopHTB h paspymaTB u , h b*b sthxx caoBax* sasjiiosaJiacB 
3HaTOTejBHaa aoxa npaB^H. 

Ho He tojbko juopp KOHcepBaTHBHHe, BaKHMi 6un KapaM- 

3HHB, BOSCTaBajH UpOTHBT* MHHHCTepCTB'B, HO H 6eBHpHCTpaCTHBie 

A^HHTe^H Tasae HaxoAHM bx hex* 6ojiie Bpeaa, Heae-iH hojb3h. 
Tasi, bx 1827 rojy noHBHJiacB sanncBa, aBTop^ BOTopofi no- 
ae^ajTB ocTaTBca HeHSB^CTHUMx; oTjiHHaacB BOo6m,e ocTopos- 
hoctkio h yjcftperoocTBio cy»AeHifl, sanncBa oTAaBaaa npe^no- 
HreHie CTapofi BOMeriajBHofi CHCTeM*. „QrarB Aosaaaj^, tobo- 

PHJ9L0CB Bl> 3anHCB$, HTO yHpOSAeHie Wh POCCIH MKHHCTepCTBl 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 10 — 

pa3pymHjio eflHHCTBO Hajsopa, hto cl nepeir&HOio MHHHcrepcTBii 
desnpecTaHHO whnsieTCJi cncTeiia npaBiemji, iero bi 6iaro- 
ycTpoeuHOMi> rocyjapcTFfc AonycRaTB He aojjrho h neuy Bojue- 
riaJbHoe y^pe»^eme cjyauirB npenaTCTBieicB; vro cjatfuft mh- 
hhctjkb fb pa3p^meHiH no^jeaamnx'B eicy npexveroBi csop^e 
6biBaeTL nopepmeETL omHtfRawB, a (mhoikomt* Ha ce6a Ha#e»- 
Htift nepefi^erB rpaHHijy BrfjpeHHOft eMy BJiac™; tto coaepxa- 
me MHHHCTepcTFB eaeroflHO noTpefijwerL ?pe3itiipHHfl cyMMu; 
vro Kaayjoe BCTyMeme HOBaro MHHHCTpa BJieqerL 3a cotfoio 
yxajieme mhoi'hx'b tohobhhkob'b, am ycnoKoema kohxx pasja- 
BajH paHOBpeneHHo neHcin, apeHflH, opaeHa h noBHmeme hh- 
HaMH; hto B&b cin Harpajpi noay^aioTca hckjoototmbho c*y- 
xani,HMH Bt MHHHCTepcTBaxt, BOstiyffiAaHyrb yHimie h ponora 
b-l HHHOBHHBaxx apyrax'B Mitcra, a na^e rytfepHcrax'B, He hmIho- 
ffl,H\i> ocotiaro noKpoBHTejo>CTBa, h tto ohh, yicHoacaa pa^aiy 

1HHOKB H OpfleHOB'B, yERTRSUOVb BT> O^H^eMl MirfelUH H^Hy CHXfc 

nojiesRux'h Harpa^.* *). ABTopi sanncKH, noBHjHMOMy, xopomo 
6ua% 3HaKOMi ci> npaKTHEofi MHHHCTepcicaro ynpaMeHin h 
HCKycHO nonaflaera bx ero 6ojrbiauL MicTa. 

Ho coBpeMCHHHKH yqpemaeHia MHHHcyrepcTB'B OTM-fenajiH h jpy- 
rie, He MeH^e cymecTBeHHiie, HefloCTaTKH MHHHCTepcKoft CHcreim; 
Taxt, yKaauBaJiocB Ha to, hto BTa CHCTeMa ycHjnua ijeHTpaansa- 
nm ynpaMema h cnocoScTBOB&ia HantfojiBineicy pa3BHTiH> 610- 
pOBpaTiH cb ea naTpoHaToirB h ciinmrB noBEHOBemeMt hh3- 
hihx'b cjiy^amnxx HenocpeflCTBemo BHcnnrarB. „TmeTHO, no cao- 
BaMT> TpomHHcaaro, 3aKonu bx pa3Hua BpeMeHa ycHJHBaaHCB 
hojojrhtb npe^fciH cjrlnoMy noBHHOBemio nofl*HHeHHHX , B; ho 
He corjacHO c% npnpoflOK), hto6m noflTOHeHHHii npoTHBonocia- 

BHJTB 3aE0H% CBOeMy Ha^aJBHHKy, OTB KOTOparO 3aBHCHTB Bee 

ero CTacTBe h Hec^acTBe. HaiajBHHB'B onpejr&MeT'B ero icb 
lifccTy, tot-b ae HanajiBHHK'B amnaerB ero MicTa, Korja 3a- 
diaropascyflHTB; cjrfcflCTBeHHO nojpraHeHHOMy He ocTaeTca hh- 
nero ffkiaTB, me* tojtbeo coflMcTBOBaTB BHflaarB Ha^ajrBHHota, 

EOTOpOMy OHB BCtBTB o6&SQ,Wb y OTh HOSpOBHTeABCTBa EOTOpaTO 



1 Apxrab KaiaiOBa, 1859; IU, 58—69. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 11 — 

orb Bcero osHAaera n ora HeyxoBoiBCTBia RO-roparo AOJUKera 
HenpecTaHHO onacaisca xy^wxt am ce6a noarfcflCTBift; Bnpo- 
qeMx, h noA?HH6HHOMy HeHeBBcroflHO HcnamarB to, nero 
otb Hero Tpetfyera HaraiBHHKB, h(5o kb cboio oiepeflB 
h obtl no CBoefi tooth icoserx Tarate hosbomtb cetf* 
aioynoTpefaemfl, copasif&pHHfl co creneHBio CBoero 3Bama a l ). 
Tponpracsift 6ujn> npasTHK'B, h b*b ero oioBaxt MHoro 3RH3HeH- 
flofi npaB^ti; ho owl B03BmnaJca h ao TeopeTHqecRHXt co- 
otipasemif, saaBjaa, hto e£HHOJH*maa $opMa ynpaBJieHk 6esT> 
ynjeptfa MoserB 6htb flonymeHa Tor^a, » Bor.ua hhhobhhkh, 
nojL8yv>ii^iecfl jihhhok> BjacTBH), BCTp^Haion nperpaay bi Ha- 
pojmix'B ycTaHOBjeniHX'B, mrfeiomHX'B flocTaTOHHyro cnjiy ftaa 
cocTaBieHifl npoTHBOB&cia hxi npoB3BOjy a . TpomnHCBift dtui'L 
bo MHoroirL npaBi h BecBMa nocjijOBaxeJieH'B bx cbohxi cyatfle- 
Hiax'B; (Syayra EOHcepBaTopoMi h ho co^yBCTBya KOHCTHTynioH- 

HHMT> HdiaHaMl HpaBHTeJIBCTBa, OWb flBHICfl HpOTHBHEKOlTB H 

MHHHCTepcKofi CHcreMu, flOJHKeHCTBOBaBineft, no ero Mirfeiiiio, 
conyrcTBOBaTB ahhib KOHCTHTyipoHHOMy pe»HMy. 

CJnpaBe^iHBo yBa3HBaracB n apyria HeBiiroati MHMCTepcKoft 
CHCTemi; Tax*, 3aaBjaM, hto bi, BHfly saBHCHMOCTH npn otoA 
CHcreifb Bcero ynpaBjema fb H3B-fccTHOft OTpaciH otb jhihocth, 
ho He otb yqpeaflema, #ia rjiaBH rocyaapcTBa npeacTaBJiaeTca 
HeotfxoAHMHMx tfoxbe, H%M!b Kor^a jh6o bi, ^pyroM-L cjyqai 
yxocTOB^pflTBCfl, npH Hsfipamn mhhhctpofb, bi hxt> cnocofim)- 

CTH ynpaBJJITB BB^peHHHMH HMl HaCTAMH; CJI^OBaTeJBHO H 

otb rjaBH rocy^apCTBa Tpe(5yeTca enje choco6hoctb Bu6HpaTB 

SSOffiSj nOHHltaTB HXfc H B$pHO OI^HHBaTB, ito BosaaraerB Ha 

Hero xaKHMi o6pa30M?> tfoJBmyio HpaBCTBeHHyio oTBfcrcTBeH- 

HOCTB. 

ECJIH, TaSHMX OtfpaSOMT*, y»e II COBpeMeHHHBH MHHHCTep- 
GBOfi pe^OpHH BHff&IH B*B Heft MHOrO HeflOCTaTKOB'B HHCTO 

npHHipunajiBHaro xapasiepa, earn HejBsa He coraacnTBca c% 

npaBHXBHOCTBK) HXX BOZtykmti, TO HeBOJEBHO B03(>y&AaeTCfl BO- 

npocB, noHCMy ate 6mia BBe^eHa 9Ta cncTeiia ynpaBJiema, 



x ) CtiopraRb pyccK. Hcrop. otfmecraa. 1868, III, 44—45. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 12 — 

HOTOKy He ocmiacb CHcreica EoxieriaxBHaa, bo mhoi-hit, or- 
HOffleiiiaxt ee npeBocxoxHBinafl. 

Pycciie rocyAapcTBOBft.pi hht&ihcb yae paspiunHTB btotb 
BonpocB. Ojhh H3i hhxi noiarain, qro MHHHcrepcTBa bbo^ohh 
bi> BHxy Heo(SxoflHMOCTB „ckojbko HHtyxB npaBMBHO pacnpe- 
fffciHTO samara ynpaBJieHia, ycraHOBHrt xora sam HHtiygB ycjo- 
bli OTBftrcTBeHHocTH"; Kpoirk Toro wl btom'l ciyroii h npmf&p'B 
3anaAHo4 EBpomi moitb erpaTB ho nocfbxHBoio pojb *). BecBita 
bo3mo»ho, ra>, o6pain,aacb kb hoboB CHcreirt ynpaBjeHu, npa- 
BHieucTBo hm4jo, Mesxy npowirB, vl BHxy bhbocth axMHmr- 
crpaipio hbtb Toro xaoTHHecsaro coctoahui, kb botopokb OHa 
HaxoxoiacB; oftHaso, oneBHftHo, hto yBaaanHue He^octaTKH, 
KaKi> OTcyrcTBie npaBHUHaro paCnpe^&ieHui sa^aqt ynpaaie- 
hubl h Hey^OBjeTBopHTejbHaa opraHHsaqia oto6tctb6hhocth 

XOJ&HOCTHHX'B IHI^B BOBCe He 06yC20BJHBaK>TCfl CyH^HOCTBK) 

EOueriajBHofi cncreiiu. Ecih npeAcraBHTeiH yKasHBaeiiaro Boa- 
3p*Hia nojarajH jarfce, hto am cymecTBOBaHia Bo&ieriaiBHOff 
CHCTeMu y Hact HeaocraBajo jByxx yuoBift: 1) o6njeft 
n n,ln>HOfi CHcreicH ajMHHHCTpaqiH n 2) Hajjjeffiain,HMT> 
o<5pa30M'B opraHHBOBaHHaro ynpeajeHia BepxoBHaro kohtpoxh, 
to o6a 9th yciOBui offHasoBO seiaTexBHU &&a ynpaBjema, 
see paBHO, soueriaiBHyK) hjh exHHOircHytt opraHHsauiio HiritaoTB 
n,eHTpaJBHiLa y^pea^ema. Ecjh 8thxx yciOBifi b% som^fe npo- 
nuaro B$Ka He 6iuo, to OTdoja noBH£HMOMy mo&ho 6hjo 6m 
tojbbo npexnojaraTB, tto npaBHTejBCTBO jojsho 6iuo cTpe- 
MHTBCfl Kb hxx co3flamio, a xia 8Toro He TpedoBajocB npH- 
6ftraTB kb sopeHHOfi jomb* opraHHsaopn y^pexjemiji. Cupar 
Be^JHBOCTL dToro AOsasuBaeTCA hmchho t&icb, tto h nocrfe 
yqpeayteHia MHHHCTepcTBi ceHara, bx KaqecTB* ROHTpojHpyio- 
maro h peryrapyiomaro yHpesxema, hhgboibbo He BujiflHyica 
Bnepe^B, h peaaBHUxi ochobt> orBfrrcTBeHHOCTH Biicmnx'B ao-ur- 

HOCTHiDCB JHIl.'L C03#aH0 He 6WLQ. 

#pyrie HafflH rocyxapcTBOBftw 2 ) ofoacHaroro yantHy koji- 



z ) rpaxoBCsifi. Haiaia pyccs. rocyx. npaea, II, rax. 3, crp. 390. 
a ) RopsyHOBt. Pycosoe rocyx. npaso, II, 180. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— IS — 

jeriauHHXi opraHOBi MHHHCTepcitHXH mm* t&m'b, tto <5imo 
npHBHBHO ueo6xoj!ftMHWb o6oco(5htb cygetfHyiD <j)yHKipK> <m> 
a^piHiuiCTpaTHBHOM, b ito BO-ueriajBHHa ycTaHOBjemji noiOMy 

HM6HH0 H CymeCTBOBWH ? TTO Otffc 8TH $yHBipH 61 HHX'B (ttlAH 

cjbth. E^BaiH, oAHaso, opraHHsaiUio y^peataeHifl mosho o#b- 
iCHaTb Beeitfuo poxoMi BB^paeMHX'B mix A^Jn*. Ecjh j$ff- 
CTBMTejiiHo BOJueriaiBHafl opraHH3aip£ npnsHaerca HaM<fcxi$e 
CBOlCTBeHHOi cyaeGHim* y^pesaemairB, to, bo-1), fffcftcTBHTe»- 
saa an3HJk nosa3HBaerL Ham, ito oase h cyaetinaa $yHBEpa 
aepri^fto BB-fepaerca eftHHOiHiHuifB opraHaMi, BasoBi, Hanp., 
bocbm* pacnpocTpaHeHHHfl HHcnrryrB mhpobuxb cyaefi; bo-2), 
hh orayja He cxfeayeTB, hto6ii soJueriaaBHoe Hanaro BOBce 
yse 6buo 6h HecBoftcrBeHHO aAMHHHCTpaTHBmurB opraHaMi>. 
Tamm otipasoifB cy#e6Haa w aflMHHHCTpaTHBHaa ^jhbi^h noryrB 
6htb pa3rpaHH^eHLi HesaBHCHMO otb opraHnsai^H y^peajema. 
Kpoarfi Toro, HeaBsa He sairiOTTB, no h no yHpea&Aema mh- 

HHCTepCTB'B B&KOTOpiia H3t HHXB npOftOJURaiH BHHOJHJEETB H 

cjfl,e6wuL $yHKipH, TanoBU MHHHcrepcTBo BoeHHoe h MopcRoe, 
h ito HaHtfojrfie noJiHoe OTrfuieHie cy^a otl a^MHHHCTpanJH 
6rao npoBSBe^eHO ahhib cb HajarieM* yciaBOBi 20 Hoatfpa 
1864 ro^a. HojaraiOTL Taxse, mto 9 RoueriaiBHaa opraHraapia 
BHenrnxi opiaHOB* a^MMHHCTpaipH Moraa yflepatraaTBca jhihb 
noBtt xfeareaBHOCTB aAMHHHCTpaipH Hirfuia no npesMyn^eeTBy 
$opuajBHiitf, oTpmaTaibHHft (?) noxnijeftcKifl xapaBTep^, noBa 
pea* ea csoftHaacB, raasHmrB o6pa*OMi> r kb peraaMeHTai^iH 

fkflTfclBHOCTH WeTHHTB JH££B. Ho XQY&& rOCyflapCTBO B3JU0 sa 

cetia naHMRvrettHoe ocymecTBaeme KyaBTypHBurB samara ofiiqe- 
CTBtHBofl xlmseMj ABHiacB HacvoaTeaBHaa HeotfxOflHMOCTB no- 
craBHTB bt> 6oji$e aHByro h HenocpeflCTBeHHyio cbhsb ajMKHfr- 
crpaijiH ob sepxoBHUirB ynpaMeHieirB, n a&a aioro itphhijiocb 
saif^HHTB BOJueriH eAHHOJ«?HUMH opraHaMH" 1 ). Rb othxi 
eootfpaseHiu'B npe»je Bcero HenoHarao, noneMy (JopMajBHaa, 
orpntaseuiBHaa h noamjeftCRaa fffcaTejBHOCTB roeyxapcrBa Tpe6o- 
Baia Bo&ieria*BHoi opraHHBaijiH jrepeaweHift, a ocymecTBjeHie 



x ) Taut ae, ctp. 185. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— - 14 — 

KyjiBTypHiixx samara Tpefiyera eflHHOjraniHofl opraHHsaips; no- 
BHflHMOMy mokho 6iuo 6h pascyamaTB KHJffb pasi Hao6oporB. 

EflBaJIH MOJKHO COIUaCHTbCfl H Vb OD.'&HKOft HCTOpHqeCKOft 

fffcaTejE&HOCTH rocy^apcTBa. GrpeiueHie rocynapcTBa ki ocyme- 
CTBjieHiK) Kyj[BTypHHX r B samara o6mecTBeHHOff jrhshh otiHapyaui- 
jiocb necoMu^HHO paH^e BCTyMema Ha npecTOJTB mcnepaTopa 
AjieicaHflpa I. ^iflTejBHOCTB lleipa I aaciyanBaeTt Bt btomt, 
cjiyqai nojraaro npHBHama; a ohx HMeHHO h bb6jtb y Hacx 
KOJUieriajiBHyK) opraHHsai^iro n,eHTpaJLHLrxi> yqpe&xeHiil. Ha- 
KOHen.1, HenomiTHO h to, noneiiy ycTaHOBJCHie HenocpejCTBeH- 
Hoft CBH3H Meatfly a^MHHHCTpaipefl h BepxoBHHMt ynpaBjemeifB 
bosmosho tojbko npH noitonpr eAHHOJtOTHHX'B opraHOB-B, h no- 
TCMy ex BOJueriajiBHUMH ycTaHOBjremaMH BepxoBHoe ynpaBjeme 
Mosero CHOCHTBca tojbko o^nijiajibHO, ^aBaTB mix yKasama 
tojsbbo ^opMajBHmcH npeflnncaHiaMH* Ecjh Heo6xoflHMH yra- 
3ama BepxoBHofl Bjacra, to pojb ^OKja^HKOBx nepe^B Heio h 
nocpe^HHEOBx Meamy neio h a#MHiiHCTpaijiefi Morja 6htb npe- 
AOCTaBjeHa h npeflC'feflaTejjiM'B KOJurerift 6e3i> npucBoeHin, 
o^naKO, hmx npaBa e^HHOJiH^Hofl Bjacrn h ff&jrreJiBHOCTH. 

H^BOTopue Hal pyccraxi rocy^apcTBOBiflOB'B ckjohhh ay- 
MaTB, tto sairiraa EOXieriajBHofi opraHH3au,iH bhchihx'b yipeiMe- 
Hitf opraHH3aipefl ejHHOJiHHHofi npoHsomjia bt> cnjy HecoBep- 
meHCTBi KOJuerifi; nepeHeceHmaa b*b Pocciio <|>opiiH KOJueriaJB- 
Haro yerpoficTBa He sammara bx ce64 rfcx* npeHMymecTB'B 
h flocTOHHCTBx, KOTopuMH xapaKTepn3yeTca BOJureriajiBHafl 
CHCTeMa, a, HanpoTHB'B, ofaapyatMH bt> SHaraTejBHOfi CTenemi 

pa3BHTie OTpHIjaTeJEBHHX'B CTOpOHX 9T0fl CHCTeMH. KpOM* TOTO, 

b*b jsjbffk OToft 3aM*HH Henoc-rfeflHioio poJB Hrpaen> h BJiiame 
3ana^a 1 ). 

06ocHOBaTB h onpaB^aTB TeopeTHHecra sair&Hy BOJjeriff 

MHHHCTepCTBaMH HpeflCTaBMeTCfl BeCBMa TpyflHEtM'B; HO 06MC- 

hhtb bto aBjrenie hctophtockh, BOHerao, bo3mojsho. IlepBue 
MHHHCTpu hoothjhcb, iMtEx h3b , 6ctho, enje npH HmiepaTop'k 
IlaBJii. IIpHHHMaa bo BHHMaHie HanpaBjeme rocyaapcraeHHOit 



*) AiescieBi. Pyccs. rocyx. npaBO, crp. 368, 377 h ci*jl 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 15 — 

nOJHTHKH TOrO BpeM6HH, MOJKHO AyMaTB, HTO eflHHOJTHTOaff 

opraHHsai^Lfl i^eHTpaiBHuxi yqpes#eHi& cosaaeTca ob tok> ij&ifcK), 

YTO<>II H36aBHTCfl OTX BT&CKOJIBKO CJO&HHXl H CTfcCHHTfclBHHX'B 

^opm KOJueriaji&Hoff opraHHsaijiH h otfesneHHTB 3a co6ok> 
OoAbwjiD CBo6o#y ff&ffcTBifi. KojueriaJLHaa opraraaaijia npe- 
BLaTCTByen> otoB CBo6offb; npn Hefl bcjj aAMHHHCTpaTHBHaa 
X&flTeiBHOCTB ijeHTpaJiBHHXfc y*peajemfi HM'Sert TeHfleHitfio 
ocHOBiisaTBCfl no npeHMynjecTBy Ha s&KOwb vb npoTHBonoioa- 
hoctl jHHHOMy ycMorpiHiio. IIpH eflHHOJHraofi opraHroaijiH, 
HanpoTHBx, cbo6oaho£ fffeffreiBHocTH BJiacra OTKpiiBaeTca ropasao 
6oxfce mnpOKift upocTopx. Ecjh 9th coodpasemA MorjiH 6u 
6htb npHBHaHH flocTaTOHHHMH jjm otfMCHema noaMema mh- 
HHCTepcsim xoJURHOcrefi vl KOHD^fe npoiiuiaro Blrea, to ohh 
HexocraTOHHO pa3i>jiCHaioTL xaJBH^fimee h tfciie coBepmeHHoe 
pasBHTie MHHHCTepcKOfi CHCieMu npn HMnepaTopi AjieKcaH^p* I. 
IIocjii^Hifl cTpeMHJicfl opraHH30BaTB Bee rocy^apcTBeHHoe ynpaB- 
jenie Ha Haiajaxi 3asoHHOCTH h noTOMy, ecjH h piuns-sca, kohchho 
He 6e3* Bjiama sanaflHO-eBponeficKHX* nopa^KOBt, BBecra mhhh- 
cTepcKyio cncTeiiy, to jhhib bi> npeAnojosemH H3M4Hema Bcero 
rocyaapcTBeHHaro CTpoa Ha sanaAHo-esponefiCKifi KOHcraTyuioH- 
hhS o6pase^, (faaroAap* neity h Moraa 6u (Jhtb odesneneHa 
CTporaa sasoHOHtpHOCTB a^toilhocth ijenrpajBHHX'B yqpeatfle- 
Hifi h cospan^eHu cnocotiu h $opMii flfcaTe-iBHOCTH no jraraoMy 
ycMOTpfcmio. Cos^aHHue bi> btomi npe^nojoaceHiH MHHHCTepcTBa 
oerajrocB cymecTBOBaTB, xora npejnojaraBmaaai Kopeimafl pe- 
opraHHaaipH rocyjapcTBeHHaro CTpoa h He Craa ocymecTBJieHa. 
Hairs KaaeTca, tto 3to otfcTOjrretfBCTBO He aojracHO 6htb ynycKaeMo 
H3i> BH^ry npn offaflCHemH npHCTH'B saMiiHH KOJureriajKHoii ch- 
cTeMti ynpaBJiemfl CHCTeMoft MHHHCTepcKOfi. 

Ecjh mh sa^a^naix ce6i BonpocL, <5e3ycjiOBHO jh hoo^xoahmo 
6ujo BBe^eme MHHHCTepcKOfi cncreMH bt> Hanajrfe TeKymaro 
crojrfma, to otb^thtb Ha Hero npHflerca OTpra^TejiBHo; hh 
h3x nero He ciiflyerB, hto KOMeriajBHoe ycTpoficTBO bhcihhx'b 
yipesAemfi He Morao 6htb yjiy^raeHo; ecra cb 9thmt> a&iom'b 
He cnpaBMOCB npaBHTejBCTBO XVIII B-feita, to Morjio cnpaBHTBca, 

H HO BCefi FbpOflTHOCTH flifiCTBHTeiBHO CHpaBHdOCB 6 LI, Hpa- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 10 — 

bht&ibctbo XIX B&Ba, KojueriaaBHoe ycTpoflCTBO ipHTpai*- 
Hm.% opranoFL HMiera orpoMHtia #ocTOHHCTBa kb HeorparaqeH- 
soft MOHapxiH; b*b to me Bpeica oho Jiereo MoaerB (Shtb na- 
6aBJieHo ot'l rtxx HeAOdaTROBt, ROTopue npncynp eflrao- 
MTOOMy pe»HMy. Mh, o^hako, flaaeEH otb Toro, tto6h npn- 

BOflHTB 3fffcCB B€* flOBOflH B'B HOJB3y BOJUeriaJttHOfi CHCTeifH; 

06% stom'b fl cBoe Bpeiia nncaJocB He Maao, a Tenept h 
caMHi BonpocL xaBHO c^ara wb apxm. MHHHCTepcsaa ch- 
cTeua, necMOTpji Ha bc& ea HeflocTaTBH, ynpoiiuacB xobojkbho 

Kf^HBO B% pyCCROM'L a^MCHHHCTpOTHBHOJTB MexaHH8M&, H HHKOMy, 
B^pOHTHO, He npHXOAHTB Bfc TOflOBy KHCJB BHOBB B03BpaTHTbCfl 

b* to* cHCTearfc, BOTopaa 6tuia norpetfena enje cto jfrrBTOity 
Haaax'B. Meamy TiarB, royiaa HCTopiio MHHHCTepcRofl opraHHaa- 
qiH b'b Teseme sfcRosaro ea cymecTBOBama, npnxo^HTca Ha- 
tfjiioflaTB b^ BeeBMa ana^HTeiBHoirB KOABqecTFh Tasoro po^a 
asaem!, BOTopua aeHo flORa8HnaiOT , & r ^to ctb ynpaejHemeirL 
Eourerifl BOJw®piajiirH©e Hsraajo em,e He yMepao, ^ro, HanpoTHBi, 
oho Bee 6ojrke h 6ojrfce npoHnKaera co6ok> KHHucrepcByio 
opraHwaniH), h hto ?woe npoHHraoBeHie, HaranaeTea e*Ba He 
Ha Apyrofl ppub nocjrt BOSHHBHOBema MHHHCTepcTBx. 

IIpH CaMOHX C03iHaHiH MHHHCTepCTB'B, H01TH B'B Ba»AOMT» 
HSTB HEXTB, HO 06w&MJ y<ip«KfleHiiO, 6UJH otfpaSOBaHH „COB«fcTH a 

njra MKHH€Tpi T *w noaaiH nocjri&flHeiiy MHinifi ho rlmi 
hjh xpymx BonpoeaifB ynpaBieiria. 3jpfccB, ROHerao, h 
BopeHvrca a«6pioHi Ro&ieFia*BHaro Ha^aia bt> MHHHCTepcBoft 
opraHH3ai^iH. Ho nepBue coBflmi-y*pe»fleHia hohth 6e3npaBHHa; 

MHHHCTpU HHCKOJBBO He CBaSHB&IHCB ffX'L MfflfliaMH; JHHIB HO 
H*KOTOfHirB BOflpOCaBTB HHHHCTpaM'B BM&HaJOCB B'B odasaHHOCTB 

BHcaymHBaTB bth mh4hi«, m no rhm> ae caMtucB BoapoeaiPB 
dTtf Mfffraia momh aoxoxhtb j^ase jqo cB^Hia BepxoBHoft BiacTH. 
BiopORpaTH^recRift MexaHH3MX jraracTepcRoff opraHHsazpn, o^- 

MBO, HHCR6JHK0 He MOFB CO^fefiCTBOBaTB TOMy, HT06H 9TO B'B 

XlicVBmejfBHoeTH sorxa xb6o mowo hm^tb m-Scto. Bc4 qjemz 

MHHMfepeBKU €OB4TOFB 6iUH flOJaBHOCTHHMH JHItyllfH, H6HO- 
e^CfBeHHO HO^FHHeHSBDfH MHHHCTpaiffB; erf^OBaTeJIBHO, OTB 
HHX1» H HeJABfl 6&IO OSLERWIb HHBaiOfl CaMOCTOaxeUHOCTH, 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 17 — 
HHKasoro raoero MHfaia. Tiwh ne MeH$e, noBTopaeMt, &th 

HMeHHO COBljTH H aBJUHOTCa HepBHMH npeflCTaBHTeiaMH S0JUL6- 

ria&BHaro Hanaia fb MHHHCTepcKofi opramrcai^iH; sasi n cjrfc- 
XOBaJo osH,a;aTi>, Haiajio arc Ha nepBHX* nopaxB 6uao co- 
BepmeHHO no^aBjieno, He HM$a h t4hh caHOCTOflT&iBHOCTn; ho 
Bnocjifi^CTBiH BOJueriajBHofl oprararaaitfH npe^ctoaio em,e Be- 
jHEoe 6y#ymee. EUea KOAieriajBHOcrn Bt ynpaKneHin Ha- 
ctojbbo caica no cetfS atHByna h MOflOTBopHa, tto, He CMOTpa 
HaBcfe noBH^HMOMy He6-iaronpiaTCTBOBaBnii« ea pasBHTiio awie- 
Hk h ycjioBia, om, xora MeflJieHHO h nocieneHHO, ho HeyKJOHHO 
3aBoeBHBaia ce<54 noflotfaiomee m*6cto aaat b% ijeHTpaaBHoft 
fropospaTiraecBOfi opraHHsaitfH, Tasx h bb m4cthomi ynpaBje- 
hjlh. Ecjih wh HacToamee BpeMa Koueria^BHoe Haiaio h He 
ABJiaeTCfl enje npeofaa^aBomHM'B bb MHHHCTepcBOfi oprami3aijiH, 
to Bee «e oho ijpiotfpfcjio yae ^obojbho 3aM4THoe nojioaeme; 
npoHHKaa bi> caidua nkapa (SiopoBpaTOTecKoif opraHraaitfH h 
6y^yHH no cymecTBy CBoeMy npaMo npoTHBonozosHuifB 3T0fi 
opraHnsaipH, oho HecoMfffcHHO BCTpimerB imoro npenaTCTBifi 
#ia CBoero pa3BHTm ? h6o h&wl (Jojr&e oho pa3BHBaeTca, rbwh 
6ojie yMaaaeTca 3Haqeme Hanajia eflHHOjmiHaro, ?ero npe#- 
craBHTejiH nocaiflHaro He MoryrB, KOHerao, He noHHMaTB. Ot- 
CH>Aa 6opb6a Meatfly t^mb h ApyrnM*; 6opb6a, npaB.ua, ne- 
paBnaa, ho bb ROHeraoirB cBoeM* pesyjiBTarfe ^ojaBeHCTByromaa 
CB^oHHTBca na cropoHy BOJLaeriajBHaro Hanajia; no KpaflHefi 
M^pi mm h TenepB miiewb bosmojkhoctb Ha(5.iH)flaTB, Karcb bto 
Haiaio marB 3a niaroMB OTBoeBBiBaerB cbok> nosHjjho. 

B-b HacToamee BpeMa mu He Hafi^eMi hh o#aoro mhhh- 
CTepcTBa, wl BOTopoH'B BOxieriaaBHoe Haiajio He nrpaao 6u 
Ty hjh xpyryio pojib. Bb racjrfc nepBuxi MHHncrepcTB^, A&Bmax r h 
wh CBoefi opraHH3aniH KO.ueriajM>HOMy nanajy BEi#aiomeeca 3Ha- 
^eeie, jojshh 6utl nociaMeHH MHHHerepcTBa Boeimoe h 
MopcKoe; kcb cob^tbi, HrpaBinie nepBoe BpeMa pojB Jtmnh co- 
Bin^aTeiiBHHxi y^peatfleHiil npn mhhhctp§, BCBopi bhxo.pt'b 
H3i» BToro noJiosema; hmb npHCBOHBaeTca saBOHOCOB^n^aTejB- 
r Haa ^yHBC[ia; ohh ro H^KOTopofi CTenenn Ha^HHarorB soHBy- 
papoBaTB ^aa^ cb rocyflapcTBeHHUM^ cob^tomb, nepecTaBmn 

x. Dpiuu o6nu ja. m 1895 i 9 % 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 18 — 

6HTB COB^TaMH flpH MHHHCTpt, HO flBJIflflCb y«e COB'&TaMH 

MaBu rocy^apcTBa no BonpocaM'b BoeHHO-cyxonyraaro h nopcEaro 

B^OMCTBa; COOTB^TCTBeHHO CB 9THMX H3MtHHJiaCb H HX'B Opra- 

HHsaipfl. YcHJieHie 3HaneHia 3thx'b cob^tobx craHOBHTca sa- 

MiTHHirB B'b OCOtfeHHOCTH CT> ffleCTHfleCaTHX'B TOJ^OBb. B'b Ha- 

CToamee BpeMa »to — y^pe»flenia, coBepmeHHO HesaBHCHMHa orb 
MHHncTpoB'B. IIpH6jH3HTeJLHO ci> Toro »e BpeMCHH oGpanjaerb 
Ha ce6fl BHHMame pasBHTie wb BoeHHOMT> MHHHCTepcTB*, npn 
Kam^oa caMOCTOATejBHOfl nacra ynpaMemflocotfHx^KOAieriajb- 
heexx ynpeayteHift, hoa'b HMeHeMi KOMirreTOB'b, Hiriferon^Hxx CBoefl 
saflaneii ^aBaTB no bo3mo»hocth HayiHiM ofiocHOBama .pa xofl 
hjth apyroft cne^ajrBHOCTH BoeHHaro B^OMCTBa. HasoHeifb, 
cyne6HH& yipesAema bx cocraB-fc Toro h .npyraro MHHHCTepcTBa 
HMiuorB Tanae BOJUieriaJibHyK) opraHHsanjio. 

BecBMa 3HaHHTejiBHoe KoranecTBO KOMeriaiBHiix'B y^pea^e- 
Hifi, oT^acTH cl HciunowrejBHo coBlmjaTejbHmc'b xapaKTepoifb, 

OTHaCTH HMfeomHX'B HfotOTOpyK) CaMOCTOflTeJbHOCTb, HaXOflHM'b MU 
H B'B MHHHCTepCTBi <|)HHaHCOB'L. Cob4tL MHHHCTpa, COBfrrb 

ToproBjra h MaHy^aKTypi, yneHHft ROMHTerb, — botb moeriH 
ct> coBimaTejBHHM'L 3HaneHieirb. Cob4tl rocyaapcTBeHHHx* 
Bpe^HTHux'L ycTanoBjeHifl h cob4tx no TapH^HLmi, jsjbxm'b 
kbjuljotch KOxieriajttHHMH opranaMH m> cocTaBi aToro methh- 

CTepCTBa, HMfoomHMH flO fffeKOTOpOfi CTCHeHH CaMOCTOflTeibHOe 

3ua^eme. IlepBLifl cjyanrb caMOCToaTeabHHM'b BucnmifB a^MHHH- 
crpaTHBHHMx yipe»^eHieMx B'b Poccin no ff&iaM'b KpeflHTa, ct> 
(J)ynKD,iefi rjiaBHUM'B o6pa30irb KOHTpojmpyiomeit Govhvb me 
no TapH(J)HHMi> ^aicx aBJiaeiea Bucunswb ynpeatxeHieMi sara B'b 
OTHomeHin Tapw(J)Haro EOMHTera, Tasi h »ejr&3HO,Kopo»Haro 
AenapiaMeHTa. B'b cocTaBx ero bxoxhtx npeacTaBHTera pas- 

JHIHHX'b BfcflOMCTB'b, H HOCTaHOBJ[eHia erO HMiiOTb, KSMb CRasaHO, 

He HCBJifOwreJbHO coBimaTejibnoe 3HawHie, Tasx kslk% ue- 
corjiacie MHHHCTpa ^HHaHCOB'b cb MH^meMx 6ojibinHHCTBa co- 
B^Ta He yHHHTosaerb eme eo ipso ero noeraHOEieHift. 

H,eHTpaibH<>e yipeatfleme, cymecTByiomee no^b HMeHeMi 
rocy^apcraeHHaro kohtpojw, HMierb B'b CBoeifb cocraB& TaRRe 
o^Hy Kojueriio Ob pfcmaiomHM'b 3HaneHieM'b — 9to coB*rb ro- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 19 — 

cyaapcTBeHHaro kohtpojih. Coctoh h^ rocyaapcTBeHHaro KOHTpo- 
jepa, Kara npefldwaTejia, ero TOBapnnja, reHepajrB-KOHTpo.iepoB'B 
h HjeHOB'B, Ha3Ha^aeMHXt BepxoBnoft RiacTBK>, cob^tb cjiyamrt 
Bucmefi soHTpojEpyfon^efi HHCTamjieif, pyKOBOjameio peBHsioH- 
hoh) fliaTeiBHOCTBH) BC'fex'B yipeamenift rocy^apcTBeHnaro boh- 
TpoJH 7 paspimaiomeK), Ha ocHOBamH .nMcTByiomHX'B saKOHOB*, 
Bci He^opasyM-iHia h coMHfaia vb #£jr& npoHSBOflCTBa KOHTpoaa. 
FocyAapcTBeHHufl KOHTpo.iep'B Hrpaero Bt stowl yqpesaeHra 
pojiB amnB npexc&xaTejiH. 

Otfpanjaa BHHMame Ha pa3Hua MHHHCTepcTBa, <|>yHKijioHHpyio- 
ntfa Bt o&uictb TairL na3MBaeMaro BHyTpeHHaro ynpaBjienia, mm 

H BI> HEX'S HaXOflHlfB KOJUeHH OTHaCTH Vb COB'kmaTeJIBHHM'B, 

OTqacTH cb pifflaBon^HMi xapaRTepoira. Bi> rocxb othxx mh- 
HHCTepcTBi naH6ojie otfnrapHyH) KOMneTeHujiio mekerb mhhh- 
erepcTBO BHyTpeHHHxt js$jn>. Rb Hem mh HaxoflHirB h6ckoj[bko 
KO-ueriS — cob^tbi CTaTHCTHTOCKifi h ho TiopeMHBiirB a'kaaM'B, totb 

H jpyrofi CB COB^maTeJIBHLIM'B XapaBTepOM'B, H MeflHIJHHCKifi 

cob&tb, mrfnomiif pacnopa,prrejiBHyH) BjracTB. MeflHijHHCKifi co- 
b*tb — 9to Biicmee bx rocy^apcTFi yqpeameme no ./rkiaM-B 
BpaHetfHO-yneHHM'B, Bpa^e^HO-nojiHi^eficEHMx h BpaTCdHO-cy^efi- 

HHM'B. BHCOKOM'B 3HaHeHM H aBTOpHTerfe 9T0fi BOJUeilH 

cBHffiTeiBCTByeT'B yse h caMuft cocTaBx en; b% uee Bxojmrb 

He TOjILKO TOHBI TOrO »e MHHHCTepcTBa, HO H BHCUlie 1HHBI 

Me^Hi^HHCsaro ynpasjeHia apyrHX'B b^^omctbx, TaKOBu: Hai&iB- 
hhkt, MaBHaro BoeHHo-Me^HijifHCKaro ynpaBJiema, rjaBHuS 

MeAHl^HHCKlfi HHCneKTOp'B fyjlOTb, HHCneKTOp'B HO MeflHIJHHCKOft 

nacTH y^pesxemfl HMnepaTpHijH Mapin h HHCneKTOp'B Bpaneo- 
hoB qacTH MHHHCTepcTBa HMnepaTopcKaro ABopa; bc* 9th Jinija 
aBMHxrca HenpeM-fcHHHMH HjeHaMH coBtia; Kpoirk Toro, btb hhcjt& 
HenpeM*HHiix r B ate hjchob* cocroara: o.jpra'B npe^CTaBHTejiB 
MHHHCTepcTBa HapoflHaro npocB-hmema h ojyiwb otb MHHHCTepcTBa 
^HHaHcoB'B. Be* fffcaa wb coB-frrt pfcmaioTca no 6ojBniHHCTBy 
rojocoBx. OTHomeHia Meatfly bthmx coB-frroMfc h mhhhctpom'b 
BHyrpeHHHX'B ^kax npeflCTaBMioTca, oflHaico, He bhojh* BtiacHeH- 
hhmh; 9th Kojuierin, mojrho CKa3aTB, tojebko em,e Ha nyra kt> 
CBoeft nojiHoii caMOCToaTe^BHOCTH. ,3/6.10 bx tomi, hto, no 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 20 — 
6ysBaiBHOMy ciracjty saROHa, nomHOBjema coBina npe^CTa- 

BJUMOTCa KB pa3CM0TpiHiK) H yTBepJKflemK) MHHHCTpa. 3aKOHI>, 

OAHaso, Hiraero He roBopHTB o tomi>, npe^ocTaaiaeTca jh 
MHHHCTpy npaBO He yTBepamaTB nocTaHOBJieHift coBfrra; mojrho, 
KOHenHO, jyiiaTB, too bto npaBO pasyM-fceTca caMO cofoio; ecra 
eicy npeflocTaBJieHO npaBO yTBepaytaTB, to 6wlo 6u aonree- 
ckhmi npoTHBopiqieM'L jihiiihtb ero npasa He yrBepajaTB. Ho 

eCJH MH npHMeM^ BO BHHMaHie, WO MKHHCTpfc BHyTpeHHHTB 

j&JL-h He aBMeTca HenpeM^HHo jhh^om-l ob HayramtB MeflHJjra- 
crhmx o6pa30BameM^, to npefloCTaBJieme eny npaBa He yTBep- 
sAaTB HocTaHOMeHifl uejpmfiRCJSAvo coB^Ta 0Ra3BreaeTca ara- 
meHHHM'L AOCTaTo^naro ocHOBama; npoTHBi Taxoro npaBa ro- 

BOpHTB TaBSe H TO, 1TO 60JBIHHHCTBO HJieHOBI> COBfea npH- 
HaAJeJKHTL RX APyrHMX BiflOMCTBaiTB H, CJriflOBaTeiBHO, He 

no^HHeHO MHHHCTpy BnyTpeHHHX'L pjbjn>. Bonpocx, TaRHM*B 
otipasoMi, ocTaeTca He bhojh^ BHacHHBinHMca; ho e#Ba jh mojrho 

COMHfaaTBCa B*B TOM*B, HTO BX 6jJljnifi*L'b 8Ta MeflHI^HHCKaa 

ROMeria noaywrB Bnojifffc caMocroaTeaBHoe nojioseme. 

EoJueriajiBHoe Ha^ajio ycirfejio OTBoeBaTB cedb aobojbhoho- 
tothoo noioseme h kb b^xomctb^ nyrefi coo6meHia« Yae no 
saROHy 1809 roxa npn „rjiaBHOMx ynpaMeHin nyTeft coo6m,e- 
Hk" 6hjtb o6pa30BaHX coBfcra, h xoth BJiacTB AHpeRTopa, no- 
CTaBJieHHaro bo rjiaB'fc ynpaweHia h 6iua oneHB 3Ha?HTejBHoff, 
o*HaRO, no npHMOMy cmicjiy aaKOHa, bx ocHOBaHie cbohxb pi- 
memft oht> fpju&ewb 6hjtb RjiacTB 3aRJuoneHia coBtoa 1 ). OAHaKo, 
CTeneHB Macra 9Toft ROueriH bx nocjrfyjyiomee BpeMa He foua 
ycMeHa, He CMOTpa Ha to, hto MHHHCTepcTBO nyTeft coo6me- 
Hia h4crojbro pasx noflBepraaocB peopraHH3aijiH. Ob pacnpo- 
CTpaHeHieM*B »ejr£3HOflopo#Hoft efcra 8to MHHHCTepcTBO otaapy- 

JRHJIO ABHyK) TeH^CHHilO npOBpaTHTBCH BT> MHHHCTepCTBO »e<li»3- 

Hiixx Aopon>, RaRi to otobhaho H3t caMaro TOCia saafeHO- 
AoposHux*B ynpesfleHift b% cocTaBi 9Toro MHHHCTepcTBa, coBep- 
meHHO OTOABirraK)n],Hxi> Ha BTopocTeneHHiifi njiaHi xpyrifl secBica 
HeMHoro^ncieHHBia yipeaaeHia BToro MHHHCTepcTBa. B* aroft 



z ) Hoj. Go6p. 3wt, H 28996, §§ 63 i cjA*. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 21 — 

HMeHHO odiacTH, wb c^epi peryjnpoBaHia atejifeHOflopoaiaro 
#*ja ycirkia BHjBHHyTBca bi> coctsb^ MHHHCTepcTBa oah&boj* 
jeria, cb BecBMa waHmexbEELWb aBTopHTeTOM'B — bto coBirtno 
aejfeHo^opoffiHHMi> ^laMt. Ho ejioBairB saBOHa, ohb ynpe- 
s^es'b „AAfl o6cym^eHia h bt> hbb'&cthhx'b cjiy^aaxx ycTaHOB- 
jeaLa ic^px, OTHOCJiiqHxca ao coopyaaeHia, BBcmoaTaipH h xo- 
aaficTBa aerfeHHX'B floporx bx HimepiH a . He CMOTpa Ha Ha- 
3Bame, oto He coBlrajaTejiBHoe yHpeatfleme irpn mhhhctp*, ho 
caMOCToaTejBHoe, ptmaiomee noa-ieaamie ero pascMorpimio bo* 
npocu no (faiBnraHCTBy rojiocoBx. ^jih oROOTaxejiBHHX'B nocra- 
HOEiemt coB^Ta, He HjymHX*B Ha yTBepa&jeme bhchihx'b ycTa- 
HOBjeHifl, saxoHL npaB^a, Tpe6yen> corjiacia MHHHCTpa nyTeft 
cootinjema; ho bo-1), Tasoe cowacie TpetfyeTca ho otb o#Horo 

MHHHCTpa, HO H OTB flpyrHXX meBOWb COB^Ta, flBJAlOH^HXCa 

npeACTaBHTaumH hoctopohhhxx b^xomctbi; bo-2), Hecoiuacie 
MHHHCTpa entfi He yHHHTOsaerb chjih nocTaHOBjemfi cos&Ta; 
tojbko hto wb TasoitB cjiynai, a paBHO H Vb TOMX, KOFAaHe- 
corjiacie BucBasaHO wbwb juh6o hsx HJieHOBx no apyrmrB caMO- 

CTOHTeJDbHHMX BiflOMCTBattB, BCe ffklO HOCTynaeT'B HJIH Bfc KO- 

MHTera MHHHCTpOBi», Borfla oho ho sacaercfl BonpocoBx aaao- 
HOAaiesBHurb, hjih »e, npn HajraraHOCTH HMeHHO noci^AHflro 
ycjOBia, wb rocy#apcTBeHHHfi covin*. Bx OTHomemH C0B$Ta 

HHHHCTpX H6 HBJWeTCJI, TaSHMX 06pa30MT>, HBHaJIBHHBOirB, npn- 

HHMaiontHM^ hjih OTBeprax>mHirB no CBoeMy ycMorpftniio mh6- 
hm noja^HHeHHaro eMy ynpeaKfleHia, ho xhiiib npeadbjaTejeirB — 
8to npesHjeHTB Boxierin. Mhhhctp , b nyTefl coodmema kb co- 
rifcrt no aejrfcsHOflopoa&HHM'B ffkiaMx noiBayeTca He 6ojn>meio 
BJacTbio, niwh h npe^CTaBHrejiH orb apynixx MHHHCTepcrB'B— 
(^HHaHcoBx, locnmin, BHyrpeHHHXB j&rB, seuexfau, BoeHHaro 
MHHHCTepcTBa h rocyjapcTBeHHaro BOHTpom Bthmx npejCTa- 
BHreiflMX npHHaflJie^HTB, sasx h HHHHcrpy nyTefi cootfmema, 
npaso BHeoema BonpocoBx Ha pascHOTptme coBirca. Kpoarfe 
ysasaHHBixx npe#CTaBHTe.iefi mhhhct6pctbx h mhofhxx flpyrnxx 
jhh^l no Ha3HaHemio BepxoBHoft Bjacra, wb cocraBx coBfrra 
bxoahtb npexcTaBHTeJin TopimiH, iiaHy^aETypx, seMjefffcjiBHe- 
CKofi h ropHoaaBOflCBofi npoMnnuieHHOCTH, no OAHOMy on sas-* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 22 — 

Aoft H3T> HasBaHHHxi> oTpa&ieft xoaaflCTBeHHoft fffcaTaiBHOCTii, a 
paBHO h ABa npe^CTaBHTejw nacTHuxt ffieafeHHX'B aoporB. Bee 
BumensjioseHHoe o atejfeHojopottHoif BOJuerin sacTaBJiaerB npn- 
3HaTB 9to ynpeafleme BecBMa BaatHHirB h no CBoefi opraHnsa- 
n,iH, h no creneHH Bjacra Bt nocjri&AHeiL'B OTnomemn cob^tb 
ctohtl Bume, Hesejin o6m,ifl MHHHCTepcRifi coB-frrB, TaKt Kasfe 
nocjrfcflHifi He noJBsyeTca HnsaBofi caicocToaTeJBHoE pacnopa^H- 
TeJLHott MacTBH). BjaroAapa CBoexy cocraay, npn KOTopom 

OAHHaBOBO EWhjOTb B03MOKHOCTB 0<)Hapy»HBaTBCa, KHJVb C006- 

paaemji nojHTH^ecKaro n aAMHHHCTpaTHBHaro xapasTepa, TaK* 
h hhcto npaBTHHecsaro CBofierBa, r#fc HCByccTBO rocy^apcTBeH- 
Haro ynpaBJiema yflaratufB o^pasoira noaterB (Jhtb kom6hhh- 
pyeMo n coo6pa3yeMO ct noTpetfHOpraiiH »H3hh, tfjiaroAapa BceMy 

9T0My COBiTB flMcTBHTtMBHO MOrt 6tl npeACTaBJWTb SHaiHTeJB- 

hiia rapamiH upaBwuibnaro h noJiesHaro »ejrfeHOflopo»Haro xo- 
sflficTBa, ecjra 6h, kohchho, n l r kiecoo6pa3HocTb h npaBHJiBHOCTb 
ynpauemA o6ycjOBjHBaiHCB HcmmHTejcbHO npaBMBHOCTBH) no- 
CTaHoaieHifl. 

KpoM-fe sejr&8HOAopoacHaro coB$Ta, bi> cocraB^ pa3CMaTpn- 
Baesiaro KHHHCTepcTBa HirfeeTca enje OAHa Kojuferia — bto HHae- 
HepmiS coB-fere, o6pa30BaHHtift juul paacMOTptflia h otfcyajeHifl 
TexHHMecKHX'B BonpocoBi o6n^aro 3Ha?emji h npoeKTOBi, cwkrb 
h T€XHH4ecKHxi> ycjOBift Hantiojifee BaatHHX'B pa6orb, Tpetfyio- 

mHXT> 3HaHHTeiBHHXTb paCXOflOB'B. E^Ba JIH MOHHO COHH^BaTBCJi, 

qTo h bto yqpesAeme uuierb »Ha?eHie rjiaBHuirB o6pa30MT> b% 
OTHomemn &ejr&3Huxfe flopori; oflHaito, He CMOTpa Ha to, ito 
b-b cocTaB^b ero MoryrB y^acTBOBaTB Ha npaBaxx ^jieHOB* npea- 
craBHTeJiH Apyrnxi b^aomctbi, yqpes#eHie 9to tojbko cob*- 

maTeJIBHOe H 3aBHCHMOe On» MHHHCTpa. 

Roj^eriajBHoe na<iajio BecBMa 3HaHHTeibHO ycMMOCb h bi» 
MHHHcrepcTB^ rocy^apcTBeHHux'B mcymecTBi ct npeo6pasoBa- 
HieMB ero b-l MHHHCTepcrBO seMJieffkiui. Rb BH^y aejuuria o6pa- 
thtb oco(5eHHoe BHHMaHie Ha pasBHTie b* Poccia caibCKo-xosafi- 
CTBeHHoft npoiranueHHocTH, vb MHHHCTepcTB* sej&neKhJLw h ro- 
cyAapcTBeHnuxi HMymecTBi> 6hjlt> o6paaoBam> ceJbCKO-xo8afi- 

CTBeHHBifl COB^TB. IIo CJOBaMX 8aR0Ha „CeJBCKO-X03aftCTBeHHHU 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 23 — 

coKfers ynpeacaaeTca jyta odcyatAema M'fcp'L, hm6ioiii,hx , l ij&ibk) 
pa3BHrrie h ycoBepmeHCTBOBaHie ceaBCKaro xoaaficTBa Boo6me h 
ot^Libhhx'l ero OTpacaefi b% nacTHOCTH*. IIo cBoeft opraHraa- 
u,m cowivb HanoMHHaerb apyrie cob^tu HOBaro rana, t. e. ohb 

COCTOHTL He TOJBKO H3t HHEOBI> MHHHCTepCTBa SCMJefffcaia, HO 

h H3X npeflCTaBHTejefl hoctopohhhx* b*aomctb , b, ihcjo bc4xt» 
4jeH0Bi> coBtoa onpeffkaeHO wb 30 i&iob , &bi, fb tomi tocji* 

10 4HHOBX MHHHCTepCTBa 3eMae;$jria, HflTB OTX HOCTOpOHHHX'L 
B&JOMCTB'B, KaKB TO OTTb MHHHCTepCTBa BHyTpeHHHXX ff&JTB, <|>H- 

aaHCOBi>, HapoAHaro npocB^emxi, nyrefl cootfmema h Haine- 
paTopcKaro flBopa h y^fciOBi — no ojHOMy otl Rasjaro; Haso- 

Heil.'B, 15 ^JeHOB'L H3T> HHCia CeJEBCKHXt XOMeBt h Bootfme 

jhivb, ojh3ko 3HaKOMfcjxi» ci> HyawaMH h HHTepecaMH ceiBCKaro 
xoaaficTBa. Be* ^ieHH coBiwa, aa HCKJUo^eH^Mt HaHaaBHHKOB-B 
oTffbiBHux'b ynpeaflenifl MHHHCTepCTBa 3eMae,n r feaia, Ha3HaiaioTca 
BepxoBHofi RiacTBio, He HCKjrmaa h qaeHOB'B H3X ?ncaa toct- 
hhx'b jHij'fc; ohh npnraainaioTCH mhhhctpomt> cpoKOM* iia ojsjiwb 
TORb h yTBepatflaHwca bt> btomt> 3Bamn BepxoBiioif BaacTbio. 
TaKHifB o6pa:30MT> 7 srfkcb H6B0JBH0 (SpocaeTca bi raasa orpoM- 
Hoe npexcTaBHTejbCTBO otfmecTBemaro aieBteHTa, paBiioe HMeHHO 
npe^cTaBHTCJiBCTBy aaeiceHTa 6iopoKpaTiraecKaro, hto, kohchho, 
cBiwfereJBCTByeT'B o AOBipin saKonoxaTeaa wl o6mecTBeHHHMi 
CHjiaMt. *Ito KacaeTca denenH BJiacTH coBfrra, to othochtcjib- 
ho droro Bonpoca 3aKOHt He BupasaaeTca flocTaTO*rao acHO. Bt> 
3asoH* hht^ He roBopHTca, hto6h nocTaH^Menia coB&ra Tpe- 
6oBaan yTBep»^enia MHHHCTpa; noc&kpjaii no aaKOHy npeaefc- 
AaTejit coBfrra, #&aa ate pfcinaioTca no (JojBnraHCTBy roaocoffb, 
a vb tomi HHCJii nojia&en'b 6htb no^am roaoci h npeacfe- 
AaTeaearB, ho Bcb aaypHajH coB'bia npeflCTaBaaioTca MHHHCTpy, 
n soTopuS aaen> ysa3aHia othochtcjibho aaaBHifiinaro HanpaB- 
jema xkjrby no kotophwl atypHaiH cocroajiHCB"; nocTaHOBaenie 
9to CTpa^aerB HeacHocTBio; hto SHaiHTx: aaerb yKasama otho- 
cirreaBHO AaJibntilinaro nanpaB.ienifl jijhji'b? BonpocH, KOTopue 
He MoryrB 6iiTb p'fenieHH BaacTBio caMoro MHHHCTpa, Hayra Bt 

ROMHTeT'B MHHHCTpOB*B HJH Wh TOCy^apCTBeHHHfi COBirB; dfljbch 

coBtrt na CToabBO ate caMOCToaTeaeH'B Ha CKoatBo h mhhhctp^, 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 24 — 

Tan* BaK'L Befe atypHaJH ero b*b 8tomi c*yia£ np^cTaBJuooTca 
bx HasBaHHua Bucnria ycTaHOBJieHin; ho no Bonpocaaa, Tesy- 
njaro ynpaBjeHia nocTaHOBJieHk coBfrra CKopie mosho npn- 

3HaTB MHiHLflMH flJfl MHHHCTpa HeO<5a3aTeJIBHHMH, XOM 6u OWh 
CO CBOHITB rOJOCOMi H OCTaiCfl BS MCHBIEHHCTBi. KpOM& TOW), 

no npaMOMy cuncjy saKOHa, ffluia h Bonpocti bhocotch Ha 
o6cy&%eme coBirra He HHa^e, sasx no pacnopaateHiio MHHHCTpa. 
Bee 8to 3acTaBJiaeTx ayMaTB, *ro cejBCKo-xo3flficTBeHHiifi co- 
b^tb — yqpeaxeme, ne HMfciomee pacnopflxnTeJBHOfi BJiacrH, h 
ycaieme KO&ieriajBHaro Hanaja b% btomi MHHHCTepcTBi ofiHa- 
pyatHJiocB jhihb bi> oTHomemn MOMenTa otfeyamema. 

MnHHCTepcTBO napoAHaro npocF&meHia ct nepBiixi* flHeft 
CBoero cymecTBOBama He o(5xoflHTca 6e3x KOJueriajBHHX'B yqpe- 
SLjsfimi. IIpeo6pa30BaHHHfi mi> rjiaBnaro npaBjefiria ynmrauivB 

COB^TB MHHHCTpa HM^eFB CBOH OCOffeHHOCTH, BaKB B*B OTHOHie- 

hjh opraHHBai^iH, TaKB h b-l oTnomemn npeflMeTOBfc BijoMCTBa. 
KpoMi tohob'b MHHHcrepcTBa, vl cocraBi coBfrra bxowpb enje 
h^csoibbo jhi?b: Asa mTaTHuxx ueHa no HasHa^eHiH) BepxoB- 
Hofl BjacTH, npsrceifB bto tocjo MoserB (Jbetb h yBejnraiBaeMo; 
none^HTeiH yTOtfHHxx OKpyroB^ m> <Jhthoctb hx* wl IleTep- 
6yprt; Moryro 6mtb npnrjiainaeMH h apyria JHija, bx tobtb <mcxfc 
peKTopu yHHBepcHreTOFB h Ha^aiBHHSH jpyraxx yqetimix'B 3a* 
BeAemJt. Be* bth jnma noAawrB rojocB Ha npaBaxx ueHOBi 

COB^Ta. TaRHM*B 06pa30MX, MH BHAHMI, 4T0 Bfc COCTaFB coBfrra 
BXOAilTB, He TOIBKO HpeACTaBHTeJH aAMHHHCTpai^H, HO h Hayra, 

tto Bnorab cooTBfrrcTByerB h caMHM*B saaaiaM* aroro yipesfle- 
Hia. B* cob*t4, coraacHO cl o6mpwh yqpeaaeHieM'B mhhh- 
CTepcTBx, MoryTX padCMaTpraaTBca Bcasaro poja Bonpocu, ro- 
Topue Haxo^HTB HysHUMi npeAJaraTB eny mhhhctpi; ho, KpoMi 
Toro, bi caiy caiiaro saKOHa, bx coBtrfe MHHHCTpa Hapo^naro 
npocB-fenjeHk xojj&hh pascMaTpHBaTBca: 1) npoeKTu saKOHOBt 
no yne(5HOfl nacra h Bonpocu no npeo6pa30Bamio rlxx hjh 
ApyrHYB ynpesxeHifl ftaHHaro B^AOMCTBa; 2) ro^OBafl AeHe^Haa 
CM^Ta MHHHCTQpcTBa h roAOBLie owera no bc&mi y^peaAeHinrB, 
noxB%AOMCTBeHHHM'B MHHHcrepcTBy; 3) Bonpocti XOSafiCTBeHHBie 
h 4) fffcjia, OTHOCjan^iaca ao BHyTpeHHaro ycrpoicTBa yneSHBDCB 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 25 — 

3aB6Aemfi h BHyTpeHHaro hxx ynpaBiema bi> y^etfHOM'b h boc- 
mrraTejiBHOM'B OTHomemH, alma arofi noorfeflHeit EaTeropin pas- 
CMaTpHBaiDTca npe^BapHTejBHO b% yveuowb BOMHTerfc. Orciofla 

W BUPMt, OTO COBiTL MHHHCTpa, npHHHBIUH BT> CB06 B^A*- 

m pfcia, npeararo xosaficTBeHHaro KOMHTera, aBjaerca b* Ha- 
croamee Bpeaw bhciiihmt> bx rocyflapcrBfc xosaflCTBeHHO-nejia- 
ronreecKHMt y^peameHieM* no B^OMCTBy HapoAHaro npocB*- 
menia. OAnaso, no CTenema CBoefl Bjacra ohx ctohtl ropaaAO 
raxe .apyrnxt, cpoAHux'L cb hhicb, y^peasflemfl; ohi> coxpaaaerL 
conacHO otfmeiiy yipeatAeiuio MHHHCTepcTB*, jnnm» coBinja- 
TejftHoe sHa^eme, h nocraHOBjeHia ero nojynaiorb CMy Jianrt 
no yrBepamemn nxt mehhctpomi. Ilpn TaKOMt noaoaemn, co- 
rim Mo»era 0Ka3UBaTB Baiame Ha Afcaa HapoAHaro o6pa30Ba- 

fflfl JHIUB nOCpeACTBeHHHM-L otfpaSOMfc H B% He3HaHHTeJIBHOfi 

CTeneHH; b% btomx OTHomeiriH owl araoro yciynaen <|>paHijy3- 
CKony ^BHcmeny cos^Ty HapoAHaro npocBimjeHia"; cocraBt 
aroro noctffcAHaro ropa3AO tfojrfce MHoroHHcaeHHHfl; okb coAep- 

SHTL Bt Ceftfc EOMHeTeHTHHXl JEI^ H Cne^aJHCTOBX no BC'bMT> 

orpacjiaM'B ynefaaro pM&, HstfHpaeMHx* pasHHMH y^etfHHMH sa- 
BexeHiaMH h y*pe»AOHiaMH MHHHCTepcTBa HapoAHaro npocfffc- 
mema, Awnb npH<5aH3HTeaBHO OAHa A^caTaa qam ueHOBi 8Toro 
coafrra HaaHanaerca AespeTOicB npeaHAeHTa pecny6jiHEH; hhcjio »e 
Befcxt HJieHOBx AOCTHraerB ao 60. XoTa MHima coB&ra no 3a- 
KOHy He csadUBaiOT'B A&ffcTBifi npaBirreji&CTBa, ho nocrfiAHee h 
c&ko He MoateTB otfxoAHTBca 6e&b coF&Ta. OAHaso, wl BHAy 
Toro, hto cob^tx cofapaeTca tojibko Asa pa3a Bt ro#B, npn 
XHHHCTepcTB^ cymecTByera nocToaHHaa EOMiracia coB*ta us* 
15 «eHOKB, Ha3Ha?aeMHX'B npe3HAeHTOM%, pecny6iHKH h mhhh- 
CTpoio> H3t cocTaBa coB$Ta. UoAotfHaro ate po^a cof£th cy- 
n^ecxByiorB bi» HTaara h IIopTyraaiH. 

Poju> h SHaneme BoaaeriaaLHaro Ha?aaa b-b ajpiHHHCTpaijiH 
HapoAHaro odpaaoBania npeACTaaiaiOTca bx ocofieHHOCTH sas- 
hhmh. flfaio yMCTBennaro BocnHTama Hapo^a TpeCyen coBOEyn- 
hhxx ycHirifi Bcixx BOMneTeHTHHX'B an^; h^wl mnpe y^acrie 
cneijiaiHCTOBi, vhwb 6oxbme A^eTca npodopa jyui Bupasema 
seaamfi h noTpefiHocTet otf^ecTBa, ^4itb B03MO»H*e Bjiame 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 26 — 

nocjri&flHaro fb aaHHoff otfjacra, itewb Jierne, KOHe^HO, m&b- 
saTB poKOBUxt oiuh6ok , l bx #&!•& napoAHaro BocnHTama, rtin> 
BoaMosnfee coa^aTb paayMHua ycaoBia TaKoro BoenHTama. Bote 
noneMy cob^th napo^naro o6pa30Bama, noflotfrne (J)pann;y3CKOMy, 
MoryrB (SiiTb b*b BHcmeffi ereHeHH ilioaotbopheimh; cob^tb mh- 
HHCTpa HapoffHaro npocB*mema m> Poccin ao fffcKOTopoft cre- 
neiiH iiBJineTCii MHHiaTiopofi 4>paHijy3CKaro; npHHHMaa bo BHHMa- 
nie o6inia. pocn> KOMeriaJbHaro ua^ajia bt> MHHHCTepcKoif opra- 
HHaai^iH, o6HapyjKHBinifica bx ocotfeHHOCTH bx nocjrfcjHie roflH, 
cb fiojibinofi BipoaTHocTbK) mojbho npeflnoaaraTb, ito 9to Ha- 
^ajio co BpeMeHeM'B aaifMen nojotfaiomee m^cto h bx mhhh- 
cTepcrai Hapo^Haro npocBimema. 

KoajieriajibHHH yipeatjeHia ecTb h bx flpyrHx-b MHHHCTep- 
CTBax r b, ho ohh He flocrarjH cKOJbKO HH6yflb saarfeTHaro pa3- 
BHTia. 

IIpHHHMaa bo BHHMaHie Bee BHffleH&aoaeHHoe, HeofixojHMO 
npnxoAHTCfl npH3HaTb, hto e^HHOJHHnoe nanajio Bt c^epi bhc- 
mefi aflMHHHCTpai^iH He mofjo biit^chhtb KOJUieriajibHaro h hto, 
HanpoTHBi*, nocriycHee Bee 6oJi"fee h tfojr&e pasBraaeTca; bt» btomx 
paaBHTiH noKa H*Tb HHKaKofl MaHocooGpasHoara; KOJJieriaJib- 
Htia yupeaMeHia BosHiiKaroTTb noBHflHMOMy no^ BjiameMx cay- 
Haftiiuxx npHHHHx; Tpy^no oSxacHHTb, nowMy Bjpynb ycHJiH- 
Baexcfl aHaieme Ko-weriaibHaro Ha^aaa wl tomi> mh ^pyrom 
MEHHCTepcTB-i, bx to mh bx apyroe BpeMa. Um> Bceff cobo- 
BynnoCTH HBjieHiif mossho TOJibKO 3aKJiK>raTb, vro ecTb saBaa 
to npHHHHa, KaKoft to Morynifl <j>aKTop , b, KOTopuft 6-iaronpiar- 
CTByera pa3BHTiio KOJuerianbHaro Haiaja bx caMux* Hiapax-b 
MHHHCTepcEoit opraHiraaijiH; TaKHMi <f)aKTopoin> e^BajH MOKerb 
6uTb hto jih6o apyroe, YfeM'b nocTeneHHoe npH3Hanie He^ocra- 
tomhocth e^HHOJiHqHofi opraHHaaitfn bx jsfkni rocy^apcTBeHHaro 
ynpaBjiema, a BM-fccrfe ex rkwb nocTeneHHoe ae npoHHKHOBe- 
Hie n^eeft npeBoexo^CTBa coBOKynHux'b chjtb Ha#B e^HHHiHUMH. 
Kaicb 6u to hh 6llio, yciueiiie KOMeria^bHaro iia^ajia cTOfim 

BH* BCflKarO COMHimH. IIpH OTBpUTiH MHHHCTepCTBX oho Haxo- 

AHJOCb bt> hhxi bt> 3a4aT0HH0M r b cocToaHm, Tenepb me Mil 
HM*eMi> y«e HtcKoabKo caMOCTOHTaibHuxi> Rojueriif, TatcoBbi 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 27 — 

BoeHHaa, aAMHpajrreflCRaa, speAHTHaa, Tapn<|)Haa, BOHTpoJBHaa, 
uef^mmcKaHy fflej&3HOAopoaRHaa h BecBxa mmmexbRoe ihcjeo 
naaycaM0CT0flTeJii>Huxi> h HecaMOCToaTejtLHHXx Rojueriif, aaaia 

MOJtHO Ha&TH Wb BaXAOMt MHHHCTepCTB$. HaiCB MOiyTB 3aM*6- 

thtb, qro BOJJieriajiBHoe Ha?aJO hhcbojbeo He npoTHBopiwBrrB 
uHHHCTepcBOMy, to h Apyroe Moryrt yatHBaTBca paAOMX, tojbeo 
tto Ha aojik> nepBaro BBEnaAaero MOMemrB otfcyaAGHia, Ha aojik> 
nocj^AHaro MOMemrB Bjacra h Hcno-raeHia, oahhm'b cjobom'b, 
coB^maTejBHBW Kojuierin bhojh§ mhpho Moryn> cymecTBOBaTB 
bt> cocTaBi MHHHCTepcBaro 6iopoBpaTH^ecBaro MexaHH3Ma. Cnpa- 

BeA-SHBOCTB BTOff MHCJIH TpyAHO OCHapHBaTB, XOTJI H coB'ima- 

Te.ibHhia KOJiJierifl HMeiiHO AOBa3UBaH)rB necoBepmeiiCTBO eAHHO- 
jnqnoft opraHH3ai^iH bhcihhx'b yqpe^eHift. OAHaBo, bt> nacToa- 

meM'B O^epB* Mil HM'fejH FB BHAy OCTaHOBHTB BHHMaHie IHTa- 

Teiji Ha rfcx* BOJuerixix'B, BOTopua, 6yAynn bt> cocraB* mhhh- 
crepcTFB, npiotfpluni caMOCToaiejiBHoe 3HaneHie, npn neiii ca- 
MocToaTejBHOCTB hx* Racaerca He TOJBBO yCTaHOBJieHifl TkXT> 
hjh Apyrnxi npaBHJi'B, Btipa6oTBH ycTaeoBi>, ho h npe^npuHH- 
ria b*b rtxi hjih Apyrnxi cay^aaxi. onpeA'k*eHHBix , B M^p*. 

Mu He HM'&eM'B HHBaBoro ocHOBaHia AyMaTB, ito paaBHTie 
KOAaeriaaBHaro Hanajia bt> MHHHCTepcBofi oprauHsai^in ue noft- 
jctb AaJiie; HanporaFB, Bee roBopHrs 3a to, hto oho Henpe- 
m£hho (SyjerB pasBHBaTBca h He tojbbo kb OTHomemH mo- 
MeHTa o6cyatAeHia, ho h bt> oTHomemH MOMenra Bjacm 
CymecrBjriomia MHHHcrepcBia Rojuierin hooltb, ho BpeMeHH 
CBoero B03HHBHOBenia, BaBi CKa3aH0, 6ojrfee hjh Menfce cjy- 
qafluuti xapaBTepi; Miioroe saBHCHTB otb JiHija caMoro mii- 

HHCTpa, OTB BHABHHyBIHHXCfl BpeMeHHO Ha HepBUft UA&n'b 
OTA*JBHBIX'B BOHpOCOBl ynpaBJieHUI, OTB TOCHOACTByiOmHX'B 

wb npsLmuipxb c(J)epaxT> BpeMeHHhixx nanpaBJieniil h Teue- 

Hifi, OTB A^CTBHTftflBHO HaspiBrnHX-B HOTpefiHOCTeif JBH3HH 

h t. a- Ho pa3CMaTpHBaeMoe upHHijimiajiBHO moeriajiBHoe Ha- 
najio HM'ierB a^h bcSxi oTpae^ieft ynpaBJiema OAHHaBOBoe 3Ha- 
neHie; noaTOMy, ecra y HacB cymecTByiorB caMocToaTe*iBHHa 
aeafeHOAopoatHHa h Tapn<{>Hiia Bojuerin, to OTcioAa He bhtc- 
Baerx, 4to6bi BOJLieria napoAuaro o6pa30BaHia AOJiatHa oujia 



Digitized by 



Google 






— 28 — 

nrpaiB BTopocTeneHHpo pou h Meff&e Hysxajacs 6m bi ca- 
MOCTOflTenHOCTH; ecjra mh nwbewb Roxierifl — kphahthjto, koh- 
TpojaHyio, cejbCKO-xoaaftCTBeHHyK), to noTOMy cjrfcjyera OTpa- 

IjaTB B03MOSHOCTB B03HHRHOBeHlfl KOJLieriit: HOAaTHOfl, ToproBO- 

npoMHimieHHOfi, D,eH3ypHoft (npHSHasH sapoamema ea y«e 
mrfciOTca), no^TOBO-T&ierpa^Hofl h t. a. E»a jih mosho co- 
MHisaTLca, hto BosHHKHOBaHie noflofaaro poja KO-uerifi — bo- 
npocL tojbbo BpeMeHH. 

IIpo</). B. Heauoeciciii. 



Digitized by 



Google 



HAHM CBOAW KACCAUieeHhJXT, PftlDEHlti. 

• 

Ycmam o HecowKwmeAtHOcmu cb paaMCHemaMH no pinie- 
hudcb rpasAaHCsaro RaccanjoHHaro, neTBepTaro jenapTaiceHTOB'B 
i o6ra,HX'L co6pamfi npaBHTej&cxByiomaro ceHaia. CocTaBHjn> 
X A. HoceuKo, n&ewb mockobceoA cyaetfHoit najaTH. Kagame 
BTopoe. Mocraa. 1894. 

Ycmaeb o Hatcazmifixt, uaAataeMUOcz MuposuMU cydbHMU. 
HsjaHie 1885 r. Ob flonoraeHLuiH no npoflOJUBemaMfc 1890, 
1891 h 1893 r. r., Cb npnjoaeHieMx mothbobi h HSMeneHiif 
m pjunemfi Baccai^OHHuxi aenapTaiieHTOB'B ceHaTa. Hs^m* 
H. G. TaiOHtteeujM. Beanie BOCBMoe. C.-HeTeptfyprB, 1894. 

Ycmaeb tpao/cdancKaio cydonpouaeodcmea cl oGxacHemaMH 
no pimemflMt rpa&xaHCRaro KaccaijioHHaro aenapTaMeHTa npa- 
BHTejBCTByiomaro ceHaia. CocraBM* A. EopoeunoecKiu. Hs^a- 
me TpeTBe. C.-UereptfypFB, 1894. 

IIO nOBOjy BEIXOAa Ce#MHM'B H3flaHieiTB KOMMeHTHpOBaH- 

huxb pimeHiflMH cenaTa yJiootceniH o mHasmifiX* r. TaramjeBa 
h tpaotcdancKum aatcoHoe* r. BopoBHBOBCKaro mh mrkin ciy?a3 
yBasaTB Ha sacjyaeHHyio nonyaapHOCTB, KOTopoio nojBsyioTCfi 
wb cyaetfHOt npaKTHE'fe cpe#H ^pyraxx hoao(>hhxb H3#aHifi 
Tpy^M bthxi wyTb aBTopoBB *)• Ifa paspa^y TaKHXi) ate aBTO- 
piTeTHux'B Hsxamfi kojurhh 6htb no sacra saxoHOKB Topro- 



*) Haum ceodu koccowohhux* pnweniu. JKypH. rpas*. h yroji. npaBa, 1892. 
m. VI, crp. 189. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 30 — 

bkccb oraeceHH ctfopnHKH r. HoceHKO. nocjrfwrie HM^rorb jaace 
o*ho npenMymecTBO npe^s nepBUMH; b'b hhx* cojepsHTca rom 
Meffrapifi Kb TeBCTy 3aBOHa Ha ocHOBamn cyaetfHoS npaRTHBB 
Bucmaro BimmepiH ROMiiepiecRaro cyAHJHma — qeTBepTaro je- 
napTaMeHTa ceHaTa, pimeiiia Roero, RaRx A3b*ctho, He nytfjra- 
KyH)TCfl bo Bceofimee cBiyrkme noflotfno p-fcmeHiaM'B RaccauioH 
huxx A^naptaMeHTOBi h nodTOMy coBdira HeroBicTHH nytfjunct 
bi> cHcreMaTHiecEOKB bh#&. Tasie c(k>phhrh caMLixi> piunemtf 
npem^e na^aBajiHCB r. HoceHKO; ho mo H3flame vwb #aBHO y»e 
npeKpau^eiio. MaTepiajt, Basofi &ia KOMMeirrapia ToproBux-L 
^kohobt> npeACTaBJifliorL KaKi> rt, TaKi h no3AH'bftinie pfcme- 
Hia neTBepTaro aenapTaMeHTa, nytfjHRyeTca TenepB r. HoceHKO 
y»e tojibro bt> BiiaepatRax'B Bt HSxaBaeMuxi hjtb c6opHHKaxt> 
saROHOBi. 3Ha?eme, npHxasaeMoe ptmemAMx dToro jenapTa- 
MCHTa b'b Ra^ecTB* pyROBOftCTBa jma. noHHMaHia HCTHHHaro citucjia 
cooTB'STCTByiomHX'B saROHOBi, aBCTByerB m% pfemeuLfl rpa&A&H- 
CRaro RaccaijioHHaro flenapTaMeHTa 1887 r. sa Xt 76, r^f> 
b'b noflTBep»aeHie npaBoiBHOCTH ToiROBania H^ROTopuxi npa- 

BHJTL ROHRypCHarO npOH3BO^CTBa HpHBe^eHH MHOrOIHCieHHUfl 

cchjrh Ha pfcmema IV AenapTaMeHTa; cchjrh ste h ceHaTOifB 
caMHirB fffeaaioTca no c6opHHRy r. HoceHKO. 

IIo noBOjy tojibro hto npHBejeHHaro pimeuifl 1887 r. 3a 
JH* 76 HeJB3a ne caiJiaTb yRasama Ha to, RaRi Rpfeirao ny- 
CTHJia y Haci> kophh noTpefiHOCTB b'b cyxe^HOMi TOJKOBaniH sa- 
kohob'l, BnepBiie BBejeHHaa bt> shbhb ycTaBaMH 20 Hoa6pa 
1864 r. KaccaijioHHaa HHCTam^a, Hir&iomaa HCRJioiHTOJiBHoe 
3HaneHie RaRx cTpaacB e^nnoo6pa;maro npHM-feneniH h miROBaHia 

3aROHOBTb H HyfijIHRyiOH^afl H09T0My B'B pyROBOACTBO cboh pfe- 

wema no ota^jbhuitb x^JtaicB ,pa otfnjaro CB-fcff&ma, 9to 6(iJia 
He hoboctb tojbko no oTHomemro Kl> HpeSHHM'B B3rJW^aiTB no 
dTOMy npe^MeTy, a RopeHHoit b*l hhx-b nepeBoporL, h6o ct. 69 
ochobhhx , b aaROHOBTb Bcer^a y HacB rjiacHJia: cyaetfrnia piine- 
Hia Afcro ^acTHMXTb, xoTa Moryra 6htb npHBOjHMH vb noacHe- 
Hie vb xoRJiaflax-B, ho He MoryrB 6htb npH3HaBaeMU saROHOicx 
o^muM-L, fljia Bcix'B o6a3aTejBHHM , L, Huo/ce Cjiyotcumb ocmemieMb 
OKOHwmeAbHUQC* ptbmemil no dn>MM% nodofinuxb. JhotfonuTHO, 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 31 — 

TTO CTaTSfl 8Ta B*B TOHHO TOMTb me TCKCrfl BOCnpOHSBefleHa B*B 
H3^aHiH OCHOBHHX'B 3aKOHOBX 1892 T., nepBUHfB HOBOMt UX% 

B^aHiH nourfe Biixoaa cynetfHHX'B ycTaBOB* 20 Hoa6pa 1864 r., 
h He conpoBOxjaercfl HHRaRHiix npHM^qameM'B othochtcibho 
pyKOBO^CTBeHHaro sHa^ema „aaa #&!* no^HBixx", Karopoe 
TenepB miiroTt no saKOHy (ct. 815 yer. rpasA. cyfl. h 933 
ycr. yroj. cya.) pfcmeHia BaccaijioHHBix'B flenapTaiieHTOB'B ce- 
HaTa. 9to, Meatfly nponHMi, cjyaKHTB flOBOfloirB bt> nojB3y Toro 
MH-fcrna, hto miKOBama KaccaipoHHHX'L AenapTaMeHTOB'B na.sa- 
kohbi BMbwrb o6a3aTeju>Hue 3Haieme tojbko &ia rixx akin, 
no KOTopuMTb ohh coeroajHCB, a Ma Bcfex*L flpyrnx'B h no#o6- 

HUXl fli** HXfc 06fl3aTeJIBH0CTB 3aBHCHTL BHOJH'fe OTB HX*B 
BHyTpeHHHX'B flOCTOHHCTB'B. KaKX H3B4CTH0, caarB ceHarB 

nefffee Bcero CMOHeBTB coraacnTBca cb TaKHMi miKOBa- 
mem h Bcer^a HacTaHBajrB Ha 6e3ycjoBHofi otfasaTeaBHocra 
cbohx*b pfcmeniff ,pa no^HHHeHHtix'B eicy m^ctb. Hsi onpefffc- 
jeHifl I AenapTaMeHTa, HanenaTaHHaro bi> co6pamH ysaKOHemfi 
3a 1885 r. vl ct. J6 290, CBepxx Toro, ycMaTpHBaeTca, to 
KaccaiqoHHHA pimema noiHTaioTca co CTopomi ceHaTa o6a3a- 

TeJLHUMH H6 TOJLKO flJM Cy#e6HHX'B wkCTb, HO H ftia MiJCTB 
H JHI^T> aAMHHHCTpaTHBHBIX'B. TOJBKO TTO HpHBe^eHHOe OHpeflt- 

jreme npoiiBJLaerL BflotfaBOB'B TeHfleHijiio saRpinnTB 3a Kacca- 
ipoHHiiHH ptmeHiiiMii 6e3ycJiOBHHfi aBTopHTen* BJiacra, TaKi> 
saB'B oho 3aKJioqaeTca m, HcnpaBjiemH npocrofi onewreH, 
BKpaBineflca bt> cfiopHHKB yroaoBHHX'B pimeHifl 3a 1872 r. 
(t. e. TpHHaaijaTB x&rb TOMy H&saffB), cchjikoio Ha 56 bm4cto 
55 ct. ycT. o HaKaa., HaJiar. Mnp. cy#. OieBHflHO, qTO neo6xo- 
Khmoctb bx HcnpaBjemH onenaTRH TBJSJuwb HpesBtmifHHM'B ny- 
TeMX Morja OKaaaTBca tojibko cb toA to^kh spfcrna, no koto- 
pojf tckctb Kaccai(ioHHaro pfaneHia paBH03na?ynpB arcraifB aa- 
EOHo^aTeJBHofi BOJffl, h6o jyui Toro, KTO bi ptnieHiH HmeTi 
BHyTpeHaaro aBTopHTem no cnjrfc aobo^obt> H3Hania, oneiaTBa 
MoaerL oRasaTBca noM^xoft k*b ypa3yM^mio ncTHHnaro ero 
CMiicja jihuib Ha o^HffB mhtb, noM*fexo8, KOTopaji jerKO ydpa- 
HaeTca caMa co6oh> npn BHHMaTejBHOMx HTeHin. Ho, TBjsrb hjih 
HHane ? a H3X 9Toro npimtpa onaTB TaKH cjr&flyerB, ito pyKO- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 32 — 

BOACTBO CyaetfHHM'B TOdKOBailieM'L S&KOHOWb CTaHOBHTCfl pacTj- 

meio bx CBoeft HacToaTeiBHocrH noTpefiHOCTBio, Roropaa saxsa- 
THBaen Bee 6ojK>mifi h tfojBinifl pafioHi HcnojiHirrejiefi 3aR0Ha 
no B&wh Bi^OMCTBaifB. ?to KacaeTca Heo6xoflHMOCTH cootipa- 
30BaTBca no BonpocaMt ToproBaro npasa cb pimemaMH ^erv 
BepTaro AenapiaMeirra, to fb btomtb oTHomemH jno^onuTHO, 

1TO CeHaTL, ROTOpufi HHfffe, KaKTb BHflHO H3$ IJHTHpOBaHHaTO 

y»e piinema 1887 r. sa J6 76, npHSHaJ'B 9to nojre3HHirB, 
enje He TaKi #aBHO HaxoflHJEB 9to ^jom^b, HenoaxoflamHiCB jxa 
cy pfi6nuTb arfccrB, RaRX n cocTOjam,Hx , B no^yKasaim EaccaijioH- 
Haro ^enapiaMeHTa ceHaTa" (pirn. 1883 r. 3aJ6 49). Bibtomti 
HeiB3a He bh^*tb ycTynRH cb ero cropoHH HaspiBiuaM'L Tpe- 
6oBaHiflM , B BpeMeim. 

yEa3aHHoe yae SHaieme c6opHHKOB r B r. HoceHKO, ROHenHO, 
em,e 6ojrte fffejaen cymecTBeHHHMt, hto6u bl hex*, naKE 
h bo Bcix'L nojotfHHX'B ro^aniax^, 6fiiia cocpexoTo^eHa bch 
npaRTHBa rfcx* yqpeaweHifi, pimeHiaMH rohx* ohh ROMMeHTa- 
pyiorB saKOffL. Meayjy TinrB, ORasHBaerca, hto c6ophhrh 
r. HoceHKO bx OTHomemn plunemft Baecai^ioHHUxx xenapTaMen- 
tobt> TaKate, RaRfc h c6ophhkh H. C. TaramjeBa h A. Bopo- 
BHBOBCKaro, TaBofi nojHOTOio noxBaJHTBca He Morym Ho, TaKi> 
saBx H3^aHia HMeHHo bthxi jump nojBsyioTCfl ocofienHMMt 
pacnpocTpaHenieifB cpe^n Hanraxx cy^e^Huxi fl&aTeaefi h hoith 
BtirtcHaioTL de facto ^Terne hoaihhhhx'b pimenifi h pysoBOA- 

CTBO HMH Ha npaRTHR"fc, TO MH CO*MH He<5e3nOJie3HHM'B cjrfuaTB 

noApo^Hua nonpaBBH h .nono-mema, ROTopwa Moryrt npBro- 
AHTBCfl Ra^AOMy, y Roro bth H3,KaHia mibxyrh SHaieme HacroJtB- 

HHX'L RHHFB. 

HanHeMt cb HBflama r. Hocemo, 

Hh no#B 479, hh ho#b 498 ex. nfrrB cchjkh Ha pini. 
1886 r. 3a JVs 12, ROTopimi pasxHCHeno, hto npn onpeff&Je- 
hjh naccHBa raija, o npH3HamH HecocToaT&iBHOCTH Roero, ropn- 
^HHecROfi blih <|>aRTHqecRofi Bee paBHo, saaBjaeTca TpedoBaaie, 
He jojhrho fliiaTB pa&iiraia Measly flo-iraara, no kotopum-l yate 
nponsBOAHTca BsucRama, h ^ojraMM, no kohmt> cpoRH em,e He 
HadynHJH. Counta Ha bto piuneme ao-iaraa 6u <^HrypHpoBaTB 



Digitized by 



Google 



ti&vtovh nrfterfr, tbtcb saiTB wb pesonoipft oeHaTa ocHOBanieirB 
k* onrirarfc o&saxoBaHparo pfaneHk npH3HaH0 Hapymeme 479 ct. 
(1858 ct. no H3& 1857 r.). Iloflt ct, 500 fffcra cchjikh Ha 
p&meHie Tord »e 1886 r. 3* J6 38, pasiHCH^oiqee cmifcro 
npdtSHaBOB'b HeCocTOHTea&HOCTH, BiipasnBniHxea bx tom'b, hw 
3aHMOAaBei^ , B ao HCte^eniij cpona aoitovb CKpurao ocTasirrb 
CBoe M*fecTOitpe6HBaHie h CKpoeTC* b^ OeBBicrHOcni; ccHJKa Ha 
oto pfcrneme mrfceTca hoax ct. 509, ho ho flpyroicy noBO,ny. 
Ho Bonpocy ofa> orcyTcraiH noju&muta, na% M*cTa, rjujh ottpnTb 
n&xb hhm'b BoratypcB T h o sHanemH mocthhx'b h He&iQCTHHXi 
ero Hairfepemfi npa btoitb coctojuocb cepsesHoe paeMCHenie 
ce&aTa Kb pfon. 1884 r. sa Jk 9, ho ccimkh Ha bto pfcme- 
me mh He ftaxoflHM'B, hh noflfc 502 ct., hh ho#b ct, 634 h 

HOdfe* O MttpOftHXl CffklBaX'&, Rfc KOTOpHM'b OHO 6jH^aSmHMX 

o^paeoM'B crriocHTM h da dro pfememe mrfeercfl hhoa ccujKa 
ra jpyroM* m«6ct* (ho#b ct. 492). Ho** ct. 509 B^vp <?chjk» 
Ha BecBMa cepBeaaoe pasxjiCHeme Bipim. 1883 r. sa J6 128, 
no Koeiiy, wb cxyH&i npejMBJieHid KOHiypfcHHMfc ynpaBiemeMx 
hckb o HpHBHamH HejflflcTBHTejDbHHirB aoronopa HeCOCTOATeU- 
Haro, omhTmiWb BnpaBi npeff&flBHTB BCTpfrmtiff hck^ o bos- 
Bpai* eiiy atoeteto, ynjiaieHHiix-B no ceMy #oroBopy h He 3a- 
ABififl o&b btoII npeTeroii bi» KOHKypcHoe ynpaBjeme bt> no- 
pjtfEft x wb cposH, onpe^jaeMHe 509 ct. Uop> ct. 515 He 
npHBefleno H3Bjie4eHia hsx xoft Hacra p*m. 1884 r. sa J>& 30, 
ROiopaa oTHocHTca m> nopajKy co3hb« Kpe^HTopoB'L. 

Ho^b ct. 531 H*rB cciukh Ha pirn. 1884 r. 3a JVs 97, 
paetacHHBinee sraafteme poactbchhuxi OTHomeHift uohob'b koh- 
sypca Kt aaHHTepecoBaHHmn bt> jknaxi ero JiimaarB. Hfert 
n<w& OTOi ctaTBeio ccBiiraE h Ha pirn. 1890 r. 3a JV2 100, 
m, xoTopoMi pa3M[CHeH0, tfro crapmifi HOTapiycB otMraaHT* 
otm%thtb ,naH*yK) he npo#atiHyio BOHBypcHHM ynpaB.i^HieMi, 

n Ch TOprCWKb" HeflBRMMOCTL ff He BEpaB* BXO^HTB BX npO- 

lfeprcy upaBHJiEtfocT^ #£ft&rBift ROHsypcHaro ynpaBjema no dTOMy 
npe^ery; 9TOtfo pimeBiji h-Stx h noxi ct. 615 h 616, xoth 
BFb wh TpH CTa^bH npHBCAeHH b-b jeso-noi^H ceHaTa; aro pi- 
■enie t4mi 6oaie crt^osajio hom*cthtb, xota<5h ho^-lct. 615, 

x. Dpiix. o6m. kh. vii 1895 r. 8 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 34 — 

vro nofl* 9tok) nocjiiflHeio nHTBrpyeTca pirn, 1893 r. 3aJVs 38, 
KOTopoe paspima^Tb npo^aay HMymecTBa HecoeroaTejBHaro 
npea^ ny6j[HHHHe Toprd. IIoflB ct. 552 hIto ccmkh Ha pirn. 
1888 r. 3a J&61, pasMCHtomee, TroKoireypaB HirfeeTx npasa 
AOJKRHHKa ^o ero HecocroHtejifcHOCTH, Ha He 6ojihme. IIoffB 
ct. 553 kfei yKasaHia Ha pirn. 1883 ro^a 3a JVs 21, 
no dToft craTBi ycTaHaRiHBaion^ee npHraaKH (ftaraireecKofi He- 
cocTOiiTejLHOCTH. Hh no#B 553, hh no^B 554 or. h4tb hs- 
Menema 931 p. 1884 r. Jfe 50, ycTaHOBHBmaro naocHOBamu 
TeKCTa dTHxi CTaiett bo3mo»hoctb ocnapHBank y<nraeHHaro 

flOJKRHHKOM'B OTpeHeHW OTB HacrfflCTBa. IIo#B BTHMH CTaTbAMH 

He ^ocTaeTt TaE»e cchjkh Ha cpaBHirrejrBHO CTapoe p. 1880 r. 
sa J6 105, no KOTopoMy b% ^fcraxx HecocToaTejBHOCTH 3th 
cneujiajBHua nocTaHOBJieHia He^feftcrBirpejBHOCTH AoroBopoBt, 
.mKJiioqeHHHX'L #o.sjKHHROttfe, He HCKjrroTOKXTB npHMiHeiria otfnjaro 
npaBMa, coaep»ain;aroca bo 2 n. 1529 ct. 1 h. Xt. KfcOTOMy 
ate conocTaBjemio ct. 553 h 554 c* 1529 ct. 1 h. X t. 
oraocHTca pfim. 1888 r. sa Jf° 3, pasMCHaronjee chbicjh rfcx* h 
Apyrax'B no Bonpocy jdfipocoB^CTHOCTH h He^o6pocoB*CTHOCTH 

KOHTpareHTOBX #OJI»HHKa HO TaRHlTB floroBopaM*. IIOA'B CT. 554 

HirfceTca BH^epatBa hsx pirn. 1883 r. 3a JVs 105, ho Tasaa KpaT- 
Kaa, tto no Hefi He.iB3a it florajptTBCa o tom'b, hto pfcraeme 
3to coflepffiHTB noApo6Hyio HCTopifo BTOfi CTaTBH ob npHBe^enieMt 

BC'fcX'B ea HCTOHHHKOBt. 

IIo.n'B ct. 581 uivb cciwbh Ha pfan. 1885 r. 3a JVs 27 pasiac- 
HHBmee, mto 6e3HMeHHue BKja^mje 6emtu (ffkio nuio He- 
cocToaTejBHOBTB 6mK$) jootKHii 6htb OTHecemi k'b Aoiram 
nepBaro po.ua; h^tb no^B dfofi CTaTBeio cchjkh h Ha pim. 1887 r. 
sa Jfs 49, HM-feion^ee npaicoe oraomeHie k* 8 n. cmtbh; oto 
p*6meHie ijHTHpyeTca cocTaBHTeaewt no^ ct. 603, hocobc&itb 
no apyrony noBO,ny. Ho^b ct. 587 He naxoflHM'B cchjkh Ha 
pfera. 1882 r. 3a JV2 19, pasxacHaiomee npaBO Bpe^nropa npora- 
, Becra caMOMy sa^en CBoefi npeTeH3tH cb aojifom'b necocToa- 
TejBHaro, a tojibko ccHJoty Hap^ra. 1885ivBaJ<2 114, pasxac- 
Haiomee HCTHHHtiif cmhcjtb npewymaro pfcmema h yciosia 
jaKOHOMipnaro saneTa. IIoffB ct. 598 h4tb ijHTaTH m% npn- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 35 — 

BOjHMaro h4croji>ko paa'LB'L flpyrHx-B M^CTaxx pirn. 1885 r. 
sa Jf* 85 o cooTHoinemH Meatfy cotfoio nepBaro, BToparo h 
wrBepTaro paspaxa aojiroB'B. Pimeme 1884 r. sa J6 30, bo- 
Topoe npHBO^HTCA no&i> 636 ct. xojukho Oh <5htb iprrHpoBaHO 
h hojcb ct. 599 Kt 3 n. Boeft oho nirtera npaifoe OTHOineme; 
sartarB, xoTfl ho#bct. 599 ABaatfii i^HTHpyeTca pirn. 1883 r. 
sa J6 43, ho hs'b o&bHX'b othxi iprrarB HeiB3fl hm^tb #fcfi- 
CTBHTejLHaro hohhtui o cmhcj4 pasiflCHeHifl, Aamiaro ceHaTOMi 

KB 9 H. OTOfi CTaTBH HO C006paaCemH HCTOpHieCBHX'B HCTO?- 
HHBOB'B, HS^ KOHXt OH*B BOSHHB'B. UoRb CT. 601 fffclTB CCBLIBH 

Ha pirn. 1884 r. 3a J£ 131, passacHHBmee, hto CBotfcTBO #ojira 
onpexiuuieTCfl ne no HcnojHHTaiBHOMy Jincry, a ho flOByMeffraM'B, 
nocjyaHBfflHM'L ocHOBaHieMi fljia piraema; 8to ptiueme Bcero 
csopfce Haflo 6ujlo npHBecra no^B otoH CTaTBeio, TaKi saRi 
OHa HasBaHa fb pe30.uon;iH ceHaTa. IIoa'b ct. 602 h&tb ysasa- 
fliH Ha p*m. 1892 r. sa Jfc 37; oho ijHTHpyerca hojbpb ct. 638 
h fb pesojooi^H ceHaTa hoboaom'b vl otm^h& noBasaHO Hapy- 
meme cefi nocjrfcAHefi; rhwh ne Meff&e, ho CBoeMy coaepsamK) 
9to pftmeHie mciera npanoe OTHOmeHie kt> ct. 602, h6o bt> 
HeM'B BiicBaaaHo ctojtb cepBesHoe saKJUoneme, saiCB to, hto 
9 cyxe($Hoe pimeme, OTsasaBmee Bpeflffropy b% ero hck* kt> 
xoHBypcHOMy ynpaRjeHiK) no 602 ct., He yHHwrosaeTB caMO 
no ce&h chjh ,a;o.iroBaro otoaTOiBCTBa othochtcjibho #>.!»- 
rasa". Hh noffB 612, he ho#b613 ct. h*tb cchjbh Ha pirn. 
1884 r. sa JV« 27, Tor^a Bas* o6i bth CTaTBH (1991 h 1992 
no nsfl. 1857 r.) ^HrypHpyiorB vl pesojooi^H ceHaTa. Ho** 
ct. 617 ecTB HSBjeneme na'B pirn. 1885 r. sa JVs 42, KOTopoe 
onratfoino . noiiasaHO bshthmx nst pimema toto ro^a saJVe48. 
Kb npHM*HamK) b-b ct. 621 mh He naxoflmrB BecBMa cyme- 
CTBeHHaro noacHemji no pirn. 1882 r. 3a JVs 167; BTOMy Hejo- 
CMorpy HM^erca oco6oe ofrBflCHeme, anMeHHo: npmriraaHie 8to, 
saHMCTBOBaHHoe mT> pfonemA rocy^apcTBeHHaro coBfrra no pfcjiy 
THseHrayseH'B cb TejuepoirB (o npas^ Bpe^HTopoBx, HesaasHB- 
nraxT> CBonxt npeTeHsifl bt> BOHRypc*, HcsaTB no hhmi, y^o- 
BieTBopeHis no saKpuriH BOHRypca) He cymecTBOBaao btb npes- 
hhxtb Hsxamax'B ToproBUxx sasoHOBx no TescTy. 1857 r. h 

8* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 36 — 

r. Hocerao b% npeypneCTBOBaBHiejrB cBQm% stioipsmb pasMCHeiria 
kt> drouy Bonpocy oraocamijicji (bx towb hhcxS h p£m. 1882 r. 
3a JHs 167) no^ibcfJWh nofft 1888 ct., i^fc iprHpoBaaoCB met 
h caMoe Bucoh. yTBepswt, * MHisie roepapcTBeHHaro cosfcTa; 
TenepB »e, He Banpaa Ha ^a, hto h tie uoejAffi.ee BHeceHO 
b*b caMHfi TeKCTi 8asoHa, pasuiCHaHia vb ue&y ocTaracB y 
Hocenso Ha npeaiHOM^ jrtcri,, t. e. noffB ct. 509 (foiBmeff 
1888), cocTaBJifla oco6ufl § 12. IIoffB ct. 622 Hto* ysasaHUi' 
H3i> pirn. 1881 r. saJfc 185, <rro oha coxparaia cboio norayH) 
CHjy h nocjrib H3AaHk safiOHa 7 napia 1879 r. o#b otm&h* 
jHHHaro 3aAepaaHia 3a amtb. HasoHei^, hh ho^b ctaTBaitH 

O MHpOBHXX m*J[RaXl, HIL HOffB HpHltfraaHieirB K* CT. 621, 

hh fla»e no^x 509 ct. ho HaxojpM* raB^eqema hbt> BecBxa 
cepBe3Haropa8 r BacHeHia,coAop«amaroca bt> pim. 1890 r.sa J6 21, 
vro h nocjii MHpoBofi ca&u&h KpeflHwpn, senpeA'MfiHBHiie cbo- 
hxx npeTeHBifl b% KOHKypc^, Moryro TpetfoBaTB ofoaBJBHi* aojuk- 
HHBa CHOBa HecocroaTeiBHHHi h xaae no Toprowfe, 

IIepexo,parfc at ireaaHiH) TaraHpeBa. 

IIoffB ct. 9 b*l § 12 fffart cciuatH Ha nodAH^ftmee pirae- 
Hie — 1892 r. aa JfclO, noflTBepamaion;ee HaaoaeHHoe kb 9toitb 
§ nojoaeHie, hto luesera He Mosera 6htb ocy^ecraiaexa 6e3^ 
HaM r fep€HLfl.B'B§ 28 no#b Toft me CTavBefl iptTHpyerca p4m. 1892 r. 
3a JMs 33 bm4cto pirn. 1891 r. sa t&icb aeHOMepOMx. noftfc 
ct. 12 .paffi^H i^HTHpyerca pirn. 1886 r. sa Jfc 22 — bx §§ 14 h 
20, ho He c#£juiho H3Bje?eHia, too apecn. He uoaerB 6htb 
naaHa^eH'L Ha oahtcb qacfc (MHpoBOfl ctte^ ho wony #kiy 
nparoBopHj'L ofoHraeMaro %% apecry Ha o^hhi h£ob h Kt 
niTpa^y bx 1 aonitoy). Ilo^a ct. 14 wbrb yBasama Ha pa&bac- 
HeHia, A&HHua fb pirn. 1884 r. sa Jfe 37, too xora BOstfya^eHie 
ofiBHHaeMHii'B noApsptoia: npoTHB'b HeBHHHaro h npHBHMaerca 
bo BHHicaHie Ka&i otferoaTaiBCTBO, yBeraraHBarontee ero BHHy, 
ho 9to ho HCKJioqaeTx OTBiTCTBeHiiocTH ero aa^Ton nocrynoBt 
ocofio, nan* sa uesery. Uo^b ct. 18 b-b pytfpwA *IIpaBo 
npeACTaBHreiBCTBa no xhiaM% yrojOBHO-HacTHHirB" h4tb ccujiokx 
Ha nozjipbtimia jybmenin: wb § 29 — 1890 r. sa # 14, b*b 
§ 34—1892 r. 3a J6 59. B* § 83 ho^b ct. 21 l He npH- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 37 — 

BejeHO no8flfffeftraaro pfcmeHia 1892 r. sa J£ 16. Hokbct. 32 
ne yuasaHO pfcni. 1885 r. 9* J6 17, HMiiomaro npraoe bx Heil 
OTHomeme h coooirraRMiomaro ee co ct. 1605 yjtoa. o nan,, 
KOTopaa npe^CMarpHBaert Hcrpefaeiiie MemeBHXi aHasoBx. 
IIoffBCT. 38 h4to cchjbh Ha p-fern. 1892 r. sa J6 46, ycraHa- 
aiHsaiomee cooTHomeHie neatly Btoft cran>eio hct. 1465 yjox. 
o Has. IIoxb 9Tofi cranes) HeAOcraerB faiuse yKasamn aa 
ippsyjuqrb MHHHcrpa lOcnnpH otl 8 wee 1882 r., KOTopuft 
ncnrfemeHx b$ yjosemH o Has. HsxaHk Tarawa* nays ct. 
162} h B* BoropoMi ysadaHo no saRHM% npHSHasaitB paasnuTb 
b& x&saxi o6t> aHTHeBpeficBHXii <fesnopjix*ax'B npnAHenie Ra»- 
joi h3*b OTUxt CTaiefl. Ho** ct. 41 h*t* cchjkh Ha pirn. 1890 r. 
3a Jfc 23, xots b* peaojfo^H ceaaTa ijirrapyeTCJi ara ctstwi. 
Ho** ct. 44 HirfceTca npocTpaHHaa h BecBMa JHotfomrrHaH 
BsmHCsa H3X o($MCHHTeJBHofl daHHCEH k* ycTaBy; 6rao 6h 
H03TOMy yM*CTHO c#knaf* Tyra *e county Ha pfcni. 1887 r. 3a 

J6 31, FB BOTOpOMX C6MTX HOaCHfleT* CMHCJTB CTaTBH 9T0H) 

canoio bihihckok). Hofli CTanett 55 npme^eHu cTapiia pfcme- 
Hjui, pasfeoeoaioniui cooTH#meHie e» cb h$kotopmmh ^thmh 
oranHME yctaaa, ho h*tb p*m. 1885 r. 3a J6 24; noXTBepaMaio- 
maro t* ate noACHeHii h cneijia^BHO Bu^cHiDom.aro orraiie 
arot cranH ora 102 ct. IIoflB ct. 63 HeaocTaerB cckmkh 11a 
pirn. 06m. cotfp. 1882 r. 3a N: 6, KOTopurarB Me»ay nponmn 
pasruiCHeBO, oto orBfacTBeHHOcra no arofl CTaTB* noflaeatarB 
Tause h rfe, BOToptie, orBaaaBHiHCB era flara noxnHCBH, oray- 
tojuccb H3x Ha8HaTCHHaro btb no^niicrfe irifecTa; bx : § 14 noffB 
aroft CTST^eio eciL H3BaeveHie hto ptar. 1881 r. sa JV? 15, ho 
n$Tb yjta3aHia Ha to, hto t4m«b ate pftmeHieMs npHSHaHo, wo 
am j$&* ne. nowe»arrL npeipameHiio npKKHpemeM'B cropOHX 
(na piimepie &to h*tb Tawse ccmkh, hh no^B 18, hh ho#b 
£0 ct,). IIo^B IO61 car. h4tb paB r BacneHiA, oTHocan^aroca npaMO 
wf> sroi vtwsvh (a He n> cranaifB yaoflcema, ipb kotophmi 
otcwk^t^ cwcraBHieJiB) b% p*m. 1885 t. sa J& 19, a imeHHO 
• qTO ona HMiero kb bh^t nrfc cj^as HesaicoHHaro npHroTc^- 
BJienia v npo^aaH ji^BapcTBi, Kor^a kb cocraB'B hxx bxo^tb 
yBaaaHHua bo BpaietfHOMi* ycTaB* chjibho ^tCTByio^ia Ben^e- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 38 — 

craa. B*b MHoroiHCJieHHHxx h BecBMa yjotfHO crpymrapoBaH- 
hlixi, o6i>iicHeHiflX'B ex 142 ct. HefloCTaerL npaMoro Bupasema 
(vb § 7) Toro cepteanaro Te3Hca, ROToptift 6yKBaja»Ho coxepauiTca 
bx pirn. 06m,. cotfp. 1881 j*. 3a JV2 41, a HMeHHO, <rro „coBep- 
nieHie naCTHHMH jnusfiMa npn co^ifiCTBin nojraijeiicRHX'B Bjraereft 
KaKHxt jh6o caMoynpaBHuxt fffcftcrsifi He cocTaRMerB npo- 
CTynRa, KapaeMaro yrojiOBHUMi, 3aKOHOMT> tt . Bt> 0T#iurij o^mc- 
HeHifi ki arofl CTaTB* no#B pydpHBOfi „HacMie a whrb yRasa- 
Hia Ha p&n. 1890 r. sa Jfe 14, no RoeMy HaRasyeico Hacorie 
poAHT&ieft Ha#B cbohmh #£tbmh; bto pfaneme noflraepmajterB 
to »e noaoaeme, pairle BucsasaHHoe ceHaTOirB bx pirn. 1869 r- 
3a Kt 551; ysaaame me Ha 8to pasxacHeme oco6eHHO Hyasno 
Kb HSjaHin TaraHi^eBa, RarcB pendant ks> npmefleHHOfi hm-l RaR* 
BCTyiueme r*b CTaTBi, noftpo(>Ho& bhhhcr$ hto atypHaaa rocy- 
AapcTBeHHaro coBfera, vfjh BonpocB btotx TpaRTOBuca CLjiaMe- 

TpaJBHO npOTHBOHOJIO»HOfl TOTOH 3p$Hia. IIOffB CT. 152 H&TB 

yRadama Ha pirn. 1890 r. 3a JVe 8 (^ORJiMTOROirB 6ujn> ceHaTopi 
TaramjeB*), b-b kotopomtb yRasaro, ROifla HCTpedieme flORy- 
MeHTOB'L, vb Ka^ecTBi qyaaro .pnaRHMaro HMymecTBa ho^b wy 

CTaTBH) He HOflXOflffrB. HOffB CT. 159 B&Tb CCBLIKH Ha p*&HI. 

06m. co6p. 1889 r. 3a Jfs 6; pftmeme &to ijirrapyeTca bt> 
Tpexx TeaHcaxx (9, 10 h 11) hojtb ct. 180, ho hh hsx o^Horo 
H3% hexi He bh^ho, hto piffle me 3T0 no yRa3amio bt> caMOM-L 
TeRcrt ero othochtcji bx oflHHaROBofi irfipi R'B. npocTynRy, 
npe^ycMaTpHBaeMOMy 159 ct. HaKOHen;x, hh ho^b 2 n. 174, 
hh ho^b 3 n. 175 ct. whvb ccmrh Ha jnotioniiTHBtfi cjynafi 
hx*b . npHM^Hema (Birfccro 1160 ct. y*o». o HaR.), yRasaHHufi 
B^pfan. 1887 r. 3a Jfc 33. 

TenepB mm nepexoflmfB kl caMOMy 06'BeMHCTOMy hsx Tpexi 
pa36npaeMHxi> roflamff, jvl ycraay EopoBHROBCRaro. 

OraocHrejiBHO orpoMHaro MaTepiaaa BecBiia TmaTe*BHo crpyn- 
HHpoBaHHaro rjlh. ROMMenrapia nepBuxx xBa^aTH craTefi h 
saHHMaion^aro 80 ex jammarb CTpaHHi^B hh mciero cfffciaTB 

JUSJBh ABa MOJOTOBIXX yRa3aHIfl: Wb § 1 HOffB ct. 6 i^HTupyeT- 

ca p*m. 1881 r. aa Xt 42 BirfccTO J6 41, a kb § 9 hoj^b ct. 12 
wkrb cctiJKH Ha no8ffff6flmee pimeme ho TOMy »e Bonpocy 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 39 — . 

1890 r. 3a J6 1. no#B ctaTtefi ate 21 mh c^HTaeM* npony- 
ckomx orcyTCTBie yKasaHia Ha pasMCHema othochtcjbho ocotfaro 
xapasTepa cyae(>Haro npeacTaBHTejBCTBa KOHKypcHaro ynpaRae- 
ma 3a HecocToaTeaBHaro, aaHHua fb p-fcin. 1892 r. 3a J6 37; ire 
pfoneme 9to wbvb cchjkh h noffB 893 h 895 cTaTBAMH xoTa 
8th craTBH iprrnpyioTca fb pe30JHoijiH ceHaTa. UORb ct. 23 
bAtb pa3MCHeHia no pim. 1887 r. 3a J6 99, ito no o&bftBJie- 
hih HecocroaTejBHocTH npaBO caMocToaTejBHoft cyae6nofl sau^uTu 
ertcHaeTca He tojbko y joJURHHKa, BnaBmaro wl HecocToaTe-iB- 
hoctb, ho h y Ka»#aro mi> ero KpeAHTopoBX b^b ota*jbhocth. 
Hh noffB 26, hh no#B27 ct. h&to ccbmoki Ha pfcm. 1888 r. 
3a Jfc 38 OTHOCHTejiBHO cy^efiHaro npe^craBHTejiBCTBa TOBapa- 
mecTFL h KOMnanifl; a no/vB ct. 27 h4tb BecBMa BajRHHX'B 
pa3iflCHeHifi H3Tb AByxi cm&khux'b piinenifi 3a totl ate ro^i 
3a XJfc 85 h 86; xoTa Vb pimemax'B 9thxi ne ynoMHHaeTca o 
ct. 27 ycT. rp. cyfl., ho oh* HiriaorB kx Hefi npaMoe otho- 
meHie: owk TpaKTyiorB o cypp6mwb npe#CTaBHTejBCTB , & KpecTBaH- 
crhxx otfnjecTB'B, a y BopoBHKOBCBaro o&b vrowb crpymrapoBaHH 
pasMCHema no#B ct. 27 m> § 4; #aHHHa sue pasMCHenia 
3aKJH)HaioTca b* toitb, hto ,pa ynojiHOMOiia noB^peHHaro otfuje- 
CTBeHHHM'B nparoBopoirB cejBCKia o6njecTBa coxpaHaiOT'B Ka»#oe 
3Ha?eHie caMOCToaTes*Haro ropHflH^ecKaro jmn;a, xoTa 6u wb- 

CKOJBKO OfimeCTBTb UOJiy^EJlH OflHH'B o6in,ift flJLtt HHXX Ha^JTB H, 

HaoCopoTB, hto toctb ceaBCiearo otfnjecTBa, ecjin OHa noayiMa 
oco6Brft HafffcjrB, MO»eTB BBr^asaTB otb ce6a no npnroBopy #0- 
B^peHHOCTB ynoJiHOMoneHHOMy. CepteanLiMH npotffciaMH mh 
CHHTaeMi OTeyTCTBie no^x 29 ct. cchjiob'b Ha pirn. 1887 r. 3a 
J6 93 o bo3mojkhocth HCKa o HapymeHHOirB BjraffkmH bt> bo3- 
flynmoM'B na^B 3eMH0H) noBepxHOCTBH) HCTija npocTpaHCTB* h 
Ha pfcin. 1888 r. 3a JV2 54 06* ycjiOBiaxx TaKHX'B hckob'b npoTHBi 
HHHmeBHKOB'B; Ha nocniflHee pfcmeme He HaxoflHMx yBa3aHia h 
bi § 33 1 ki ct. 1, # cocpeaoToneHH pa&MCHema no hhh- 
meBHMx BonpocaM^B. Uojj^b n. 5 Toft ace 29 ct. mh He Ha- 
xo^hicb yKasama Ha pirn. 1886 r. sa JVs 95otom'b, ito hckx 
o&b HapyraeHHOMx y^acrin nacTHOMx mokho npeffBaBJiaTB He 
tojbko zt> co6cTBeHHHKy, ho h kx apeH^aTopy HMy^ecTBa; 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 40 — 

yKasamji b% § 1 ua no3AH*&ftmee no^TBep^eme xaHHoe 
b% pfcm. 1889 r. 3a JVs 12 npeasHHX'B paaMCHeHifi* ,hto nnpoBofi 
cjtabji, KaKx h Boo6me"cyAe6HHa ycTaHORiema npn paspimeHiH 
Aim hmx no#cyAHuxfc BnpaFi oficyayjaTB h Tanie Bonpocu, 
KOTopne bb BanecTB^ caMocToaTejBHHxx hckobuxi TpetioBaHifi 
He 6hjh 6u hmx noAcyAHH. 3ioro yBasama HeAOcraerB h § 32 
hoa'b ct. 31. Hoff* tok) ae ct. 31 Bt § 50 npraoAHTca no- 
aoateme, ito „bc& deai HcumeHia #&*&> OTHoeanpaca ao 
o6np[HHaro noJB30Bama itipcROio seMJieio noAje&aT'B b^aMr) 
ceJBCsaro cxo^a" h A^^aeTca ccHjata, npeaA® Bcero Ha pirn. 
1885 r. 3a JVs 104, TorAa Kara B* btomi pfcrnemH pa3&acHeH0, 
hto TaK'B A04aeHi 6htb pfcmeHx BonpocB o nOACyAHOCTH Bcixx 
HafffcaBHHXx (a He tojbko o6h^hhhux'l) 3eMejiB. IIoxb 46 ct. 
nirb pasMCHeHia no pirn. 1890 r. sa J6 103, hto ynoraoicoqie 
Ha BeAenie A'^a b% o6m,Hx r B ynpeatAOHiaxt He Aaert, canto no 
ce6-fc npaBa Becra A&aa Bt mhpobhx'b y^peaAeniaxi; MO»eTB 
6htb 3to pas'BacHeme HirkiocB bx BHAy hohIicthtb bt> § H 1 
hoa'b ct. 250, Kyja cocTaBHTejB ommaerB hoa'b ct. 46, ho 
hoa'b ct. 250 TaKoro naparpa<j>a coBtfucB He OKa&HBaerca. 
IIoa^ ct. 179 6% § 13 fffcra ccbuoki Ha no3AH$ftjnia pluneHia 
1888 r. 3a JTsJfe 6 h 53. Hoa* ct. 187 wkrb y*a3aHia, too 
no pirn. 1885 r. saJfcY? 96 h 110 ocHOBameMTb kx nepecMorpy 
pimema Moaen cay»HTB b-b sa^ecTB^ HOBaro o6cTOflTejiBCTBa 
OTattaa bt> aAMHHHCTpaTHBHuxx ynpeameHiax'B npesHaro nocTa- 
HOBJieHia; pirn. 1885 r.saJf* 110 ijHrapyeTca hoa'b ct. 794 b* 
§ 5, ho 6wb yKa3ama Ha aAMHHHCTpaTHBHua nocTaHOBj&ria. 

Hoa'b ct. 217 mli He HaxoAHifB HHsaRHXi ccimoe*, TorAa 
KaKTb k% Hefl othochtca pim. 1888 r. 3a .N* 22 o tomi, ?to bc4 
A^Jia o HapymeniH JiHTepaTypHOfl coficTBeHHOcra, xoth. 6u to 
6wn> hckx ofo y^HTKax-B Ha cyMMy MeHie 500 py£, hoa- 
cyAHH He MHpoBimx, a ofin^HM-B cyAftMx. Hoa'b ct. 258 wh § 
21 1 ysasaHO pirn. 1884 r. sa Jfs 67 bm^cto pfcmema sa Tiara $e 
HOMepoifB 1885r. Kxl n.276 ct. na^o 6ujio noM-fccTHTBpaswM^e- 
Hienop*6m.l892r.3aJV£23,HTO bb noB^crst aojukhq tfuTBnoirkija- 
eno otoqctbo BHSHBaeiwo JHD,a. 3a totb »e 1892 r. oaite^aTaHO 
hoa'b JTs tl pasMicHeHie, pa30CJiaHHoe ^pByjwpno, o tomb, 



Digitized by 



Google 



hto OTCBuaeMua h3t> ojHoro cy^a kb apy rofi , no^cww no rpax- 
^aHCKHMi A^aMi) ^OJiatHti 6htb Bpy^temi ysasa^nnrb b-l 
hex* JHi^aMi, He spesx pascu.iBHHX'B, a npesB eyxetiHuxB npH- 
CTaBOB'L; wo pasiacHeme orfejOBaJo hoit&cthtb ho^b 279 ct. 
Ho^Bcr. 288 He AOCTaerB cepsesHaro pa3i>flCHeHi& no pin. 1888 r. 
3a Jf* 38, hto H&iB3a CMimraaTb juiivb, KOTopmrB moxho no 
arofi CTaTB* Bpy^aTL noBicTra bt> HC&ax^ nporHBi ofimeerBi 
h KOMnaHifi, cb jiHijaMH, KOTopuxi) cjrtjyerB BusuBaTB si cy#y 
b*b BaqecTBi aaBOHHiiu npexdaBHTejiefi o6me€TBT> h EOMnamft. 
&b § 16 1 noji> ct. 332 HaneiaxaHo p*m. 1893 r. 3a J6 85 
rm£cto Jit 35. Hoax ct. 333 ecrB ccujqa tojibbo Ha pasi- 
HcneHia, npHBe^eHHiw nosxnpewnecTByBomeiocTaTBe^HO 3^4cb 
oiuo 6m yMtcrHO cgftiaTB BiraneKy H3i daparo pirn. 1876 r. 
sa J6 74 o toicb, hto npaBuo 333 ct. mo*6tl hm4ti> mIkto 
jhihb Torja, Kor^a cnopHoe Mes^y pTopoHavn HiiymecTBO bo 
gpexa npoH3BOACTBa #4 la orqya&xaeTca otb£thhbomi bjm yrpa- 
qKBaerca no ero bhh$; pimeme wo iprrjrpyeTca vb § 25 h<wb 
ct. 332, ho coBepmeHHO bx apyroM'B cmhcj*. Rb pendant ri 
pa.TBflcneHiflM'B, noirkmeHHHMfc bi § 21 hoax ct. 339, otom*, 

TTO CJflH HlrtlOTB npaBO no CO6CTBeHHO0 HHHIjiaTWfe B036ya- 

^aTB BonpocB o HeffiflcTBHraiBHOCTH . aKTa wh joroBopa, *2Mb 
npoTHBopiHamHxi> sanpeTUTeJiBHUM'B b*b HHTepecaxx ny&uiHHaro 
npaBa 3asoHairB, caiflOBa-io 6u noM^CTHTB pa3MCHeme no pirn. 
1890 r. sa J& 123, wo b*b Apyrara oiyHaaxx B036yx#aTB 
TiBoro Bonpoca 6es*b yRaaaHia ctopohx cyan ho MoryrB. Rb 
rpoMaxHoifB MaTepiaii crpynnnpoBaHHOM'B ho^b as. 366 He 
AOcraerB ysa3aHifi Ha HisoTopiifl cepteeHBw paafcacHenia no 
ptmeHiaM-B nocjr&AHHXi roAOBi; TaBi: § 5 cjr&flOBa-io 6u ao- 
nojHHTB H3BJie^eHieM'L H3i> ptra. 1893 i!. 3a Jfe 11, hto, noica 
cymecTByert npaBa Ha hck*b, He MoaerB cwraiBca norameH- 
HHm h npaBo Ha Bospaseme nponiBi* hcr*; § 52 yKasaHieifB 
Ha pfern. 1892 f. 3a JVs 4; § 72 pimeirieM* 1893 r. sa JVs 22 
(cocTaBHTejieifB uphboaatch p^memn 3a 1893 r. HaanoeAnM- 
muH HOMepaiiH, He Bsnpaa Ha *to, wo npe^HCJOBie b*b dToicy 
HSHaHiio M,HTKpoBaHO aHBapeMt 1894 r., Kor^a pimema 3a 
1893 r. 6loh ony^jflsoBaui iojbpo b* lacra); § 80 Ha^Jic- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 42 — 

&aJO flonoJiHHTb oficToaiejiBHUMH noacHemaMH no TOMy ace bo- 
npocy, co^epjRamHMHca bx ptm. 1892 r. 3a J6 100; HaiwraeiVB, 
bi § 1 7 cj^OBaio noM^CTHTb paaxacHeHia no pirn. 1890 r. sa 
J6 50 OTHocHTeJLHO AoroBopHaro cor-iameHia Hac^era nopajpta 
npejCTaBJieHk CToponaMH flOKasaTejiBCTB'B, t^mi tfotffce, ito b-l 
§ 3 ki ct. 1, Kyaa cocTaBHTeJB OTCHjaert noaTOMy Bonpocy, 
HM'feeTca BunncKa JHint hsx p$ni. 1881 r. 3a J6 102. Hponycra, 
3aH^HenHiui naMH bi> He Mefffce otfrnnpHOMx itaTepiajrb, co6paH- 
hoitb noffB ct. 409, caiayiomie: wkvb yKasama Ha p$m. 1890 r. 
3a Jfefls 112 h 113, flonycKaromia onpoBepseme coAep^ama 
®eifeHOflopo3KHHX'B RBHTaHipd CBHff&TeJiBCKHMH noKa3airiaMH (Ha 
9th pimema h^tb ccbukh h ho^b ct. 410); fffrrBTaKate ysa- 
3ania na pirn. 1891 r. saJVs 86, paaptniaiomee flonpocB cbh- 
^TeJieS bx noflTBepameme cymecTBOBaHia H3B*fccTHaro otfnnaa 
HaariflOBama y KpecTBam (Ha aro ptmeme h^tb ccujikh h b^ 
§ 46 noffB ct. 9, iy$ cocpeflOToneHH o6-BacHeHia RacaTeiBHO 
odfiranaro npaBa); bt> § 33 h*tb cchjikh Ha nosflff&fimee piim. 
1892 r,3a J£ 79, aBi>§ 49 Ha p*m. 1891 r. 3a Jte 6 (otho- 
CHTejBHO ^0Ka3aTeJiBCTB , B jojra 3a pa6oTH), Hap ( fcm.'1892 r. sa 
Jfc 47 (oTHOCHTeiBHO ^oroBopa jraHHaro HaffMa) h pfcin. 1893 r. 
3a JV* 37 (othocht&ibho ycjiofiia o B03Harpa»^eHiH npncasHaro 
noB^peHHaro sa xoaflema no pfbjLm'h ne bi cyaetfHHX'B, a fb 

a^MHHHCTpaTHBHMX'B yqpeafcfleHiaX'B). IIOffB ct. 410HacTp. 381 

one^aTKa: crftaaHa ccBurea Ha pfcrn. 1886 r. 3a J6 109, bm^cto 
JHs 100; b% § 30 irfcrB cchjkh Ha no3flH^flraee h fiojrfee npira- 
i^niaJiBHoe pasxacHeme Toro ate Bonpoca wl pfcm. 1888 r. 3a 
JV* 97; h coBcfeM»B He AOCTaeTx bhiihckh hsx p$m. 1891 r. sa 
J6 70 OTHOCHTeiBHO Toro, KaKia (ftopMa-nBHOcra, OTcyrcTByiomia 
b-b .nyxoBHOMt 3aB4n^amH, MoryrB 6htb BocnojraeHH CBH/c&TejiB- 
cbhmh noKa3auiaMH, a KaKia h^tb. Ho^b ct. 411 h*tbcclijikh 
Ha pira. 1892r. 3aJVs25 othochtcjibho ocotfoft oiv&hkh CBH^b- 
tcjbckhx'b noKasamfi, noffreepamaiomHX'B flaBHocraoe Bja^iraie. 
OraocHTejiBHO oi$hrh noKasamS okojibhhx'b jR)^efl no rbwb xe 
A'fcJiaMT> o ^aBHocTHOM-L Bjafffcrnn fffrrB no#b ct. 412 yRasama 
Ha pirn. 1888 r. sa JV2 42. Bi § 6 no^ ct. 457 onewnca: 
bm^cto pfein. 1883 r. 3a Jfs 32 flo-iarao <$htb pftmeHie 3a vku.'h 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 43 — 

se HOMepoiTL 1884 r. IIoav ct. 459 fffrrt ccbuebh na pirn. 1891 
3a J& 108 o TOMt, hto MoryrB 6htb hphmtli bo BHHMame h 
AOsyMeHTH yroaoBHaro npoH3Bo#CTBa, KaKt Hanp. o^BHHHTejrtauft 
aKTL, h na Becuca cepBesHoe yKasaHie, munoe m> pfcm. 1892 r. 
3a Jfc 123, hto jxa HcmiKOBaHia Kyijraefi Kpinocra mojrho 
pyKOBOACTBOBaTBca ApynutH, npe^mecTBOBaBinHMH h nocjiiayK)- 
ii^hmh, AoroBopaMH. Ki» ex. 463 He npHBe#eHO pa3xacHeHia mi* 
pirn. 1&91 r. 3a & 106, hto KoniH h bethhckh m*h ToproBtixx 

KHHFB, 3a€BHfl*TeiBCTB0BaHHHa HOTapiyCOMX, MOryTt SaM^HJiTB 
KaK-L A0KA3aTeiBCTB0 110&mEEbLR TOprOBHA KHHrH. IIOffB CT. 545 

HeipTHpyeTGH yKa3ame,C0AepiRameeca b*b p-fcra. 1884 r. sa J6 70, 
tto Tflay^aaea cropoiia jmierb npaBO ocnapHBaTB ho,phhhoctb 
#u&e Taxoro AOKyneHTa,. kotophm'b oHa caaia npeaRfle b% apy- 
roM-B ffSjrife BoenojiBBOBaJiacB; pimenie 9to npHBOflHTca ho)tb ct. 
541, 56& Hill, ho He b^b otomx cmhc-i^. IIoffB ct. 546 h^tb pi- 
mema. two se 1884 i\, ho saJte 145, kotophm'b pasMCHeHo, 
wo flOByMeHTB, Bsarafi Ha3affB Bcrf^cTBie 3aaBjreHHaro hpothbx 

H6T0 COMfliHifl Bfc HOflJHHHOCTH Bl nepBOfi HHCTaHI^H, HeJB3fl 
npejCTaBHTB CHOBa BO BTOpOfi HHCTaHIJ,iH. Kx 2 n. 571 CT. He 

npHBe^eHO passacHemii no pirn. 1887 r. 3a JVs 64, aaronjeMy 
cymecTBeHHHJi ysasaHifl othochtcjbho otbo^ob^ no 2 n. h co- 
flepsamee b-b ce<J4 conocTaBjeme hxx co ct. 126 ycT. »ejrfo- 
HOflopom. IIoffB ct* 615 Hfox cchjkh Ha p*m. 1888 r. 3a JVe 94, 
pas'BacHiuomee, hto saMina apynix'B chocoGob'b o6e3neneHm 
BHecemeM'B b* cyffB HaJMHHNX'B aeHerx He cos^aerB rjl& Her^a 
npasx npeHMymecTBeHHaro npe^ apyrHMH Kpe^HTopaMH y#o- 
BdieTBopeHifl u&b bthxx #eHei"B., Hh hoa'b 653, hh ho^x 654 
ct. ffferar ipTaTii H3X pirn. 1892 r. sa JVs SSotomx, hto cpoKH, 
yRasaHHue b*b othkb CTaTBaxB ,pa npHMe^eHia TperBaro JHija, 
He TaBOHH, hto6h, sa r co6jH)^eHieM , B hxx cyax 060.33^% 6ujn> 
cji4shtb ex olfidio;. Tor.ua KaKX ct. 654 #ajBe ^HrypnpyerB b'b 
pesojnoiyH €eHaTa. . 

B'B 1891 p.-nocjlAOBajio pimeme CeHaTa, HanenaTaHHoe 

BX CfioptoBi 3ft TOTBrOfl^BHOffB J6 62,K0T0pHM'B OTHOCHTeJIBHO cno- 

cofa H3Joatema cyxe6HBix^B p^meHift npnsHaHO HeyMicTHHM'B npn- 
bojhtb BicaMoiit TeKcrfjHX'B n BonpeKHCT. 9 ycT. rp. cyn. a Cchjkh 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 44 — 

Ha Hamaa ^asx HasHBaenofi Teopis npaBa a , Ha yqema pmt- 
CKaro h <J>paimy4cBaro npaBa, Ha coqH&emfl HHocfpaHHux'L 
lopHCTOFB, a Taa»e ynoTpefaeme HecBoftcTBeHHMX'B pyecooHj 
astray BHpaaemff, Basfc-TO: atfco-noraaH h pemraBHaa CHMy- 

JMTHBHOCTB, $HBTHBHOCTB H T. H. Ob DpaBMBHOCTLK) BttCKa8aH- 

Haro Kb btom-b ptmemn B3rxa^a Bpsw* jh mo»ho ctfraacOTbca, 
1160 npncyTCTBie Bcero Toro, mto CeHara yicasHBaerB mki h& 
HeyjcfecTHoe b* cyAe6HHxi> p£ineHi&x , B, e^Ba jh Moatera Bpe- 
Ahtb hxx BHyTp t eHHeMy ^ocTOTHCTBy, a ec-ra icTpfriaeTca Ha 
npaKTHK^ pfypto bi» ptmeHiaxi) Hanrax'B cyxoro h naaarb, to, 
oieBH^HO, He noTOMy, too cyjjBH crlcHflioTea orspim) npHBOftHTB 
iprraTH hot yqeHiixi coHBHemff, botophmh ohm pyfcoioflCTByforca 
npH paspimeHiH cnopnuxi Bonpocora npaBa. Mh noaaracM^ 
too 3th yBa3aHk CesaTa ho MeHBmeft M£p& najrannui h too 
jiynine 6mo 6u naniHMi norpiiarnHMt bt> npaKTHipsMi) eyjaMT* 
He .nasaTb TaRHxi HacTaBjemfi, Boropua Bars 5a ysaKOHAHXTB 
npeHedpeatHTejiBHoe cte> hxi> ctopohu OTHomeme kx ,Tar&-Ha- 
3HBaeM0it Teopin npaBa"; caoaoirb, 6mjo-6u jqpme, ecjnrfoi 
dTo pimenie He cymecTBOBaao< Ho paax oho ecro, cocteBHT&iH> 
c6opHHBa 6hjo otfaaaTejiBHO ysasaTB Ha Hero vl BOMMeHTapiast 

KB CT. 711; BopOBHKOBCEHMi ffie OHO H6 ^THpyeTCH. 

HaMi> saaerca cep&e3HHM , B nponyeBounB orcjTCtBie boa* 
ct. 735 yBasaniaHa p*m. 1890 r. sa JVs 68, paeiacioiBniee, 
4to ^nacTHHHaa ynjraTa h npHsname ^cira Ha Bcao£HiiTej*~ 
homt> jmcvb ho 3ao^HOny pfrnemH), nooaiflOBaBmee bi to Bpeica, 
Kor^a cie pimenie, sa Henpe«£aBieHieir& bcotjovb b& Te^emH 
Tpex'B Ji'fert npocrfii ofo HcmxiBeara. OBaro, norepuo BcaByio 
awry, He BOBCTaHOBJUHrrB chjh ©sHOTeraaro pimento H He 
AaHMnb npaBa Ha BssiCBaHie jMra bi> nopa^rife HCBOAHema pt- 
mema". 3to pfcrneme na^o 6rao npraecm bt> pendant' b* bh- 
hhcb* nai pirn. 1885 r. 3a JVs 21 (§ 4*), BOmra pasMCHeao, 
too HacTHiHaa ynjaTa flojira #o HCTerama TpfturfxrHaro cposa, 
Hao6oporB, orpa^^aeT'B easy sao^aaro pinaeflij?. Iio^x ct. 741 
i^HTHpyeTCfl pirn. 1878 r. 3a Jfc< 289 r ho He e^ana bu- 
nfieBa bsi Hero Bec^^a cy^ecTBemw) AOHOJUWK>En;aa cmuoj'^ aroft 
CTaTtH, too „najrara Bnpast paacMOTpfrrt otx^aho otb anej- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 45 — 

Mjsjm QKOAofy na uedonyx^enie cy^OMt nepBofi CTeneHH npe^Ba* 
pjrrejiBHaro h$904H3Hl&?'. IIo#b ct. 750 h6tx HSMte^eHitt H8* 
p*m. 1890 ,r- sa .JV2 66, Torfla sara Maiepiaaa bi btomi pime- 
Him au BQUK^HTapia bx CTarofe ne nettle Kara Ha TpH caMO- 
CTwrreiBHiix* Te&gca: to*pb, aa&oe sHaieme Barters Henpa- 
BHJBMoe HamieHOiaHie npocb6i>, noAasaeifitxi bx najiaTy no 

9T0fi CTaTfci, fl^p M0»6Tfc CHHTaTBCJI HOBHM'B otfCTOflTeJLCTBOM'L 

no cMHcay aa h bt> KasoMt nopals* pasciiaTpHBaioTca Tarn 
npo€t6H Bt najiart; Ha dTO pimeHie Hfera cciuokb h hoa'b 
ct. 794. Ho;?* ct. 766 He CflfciaHO cchjkh Ha pirn. 1890 r. 
sa Jfe 42, paffui$HHBinee, oto He MoryrL npHCoeflHEmca ki, 
S&106& y qacxHHBH flpoTHBHOfl c* nojaBmetf dTy atajotfy ctopohu. 
Ho** or. 791 h*&t& paaidtCHeHia no ptm. 1882 r. 8a JV2 140, oto 
nasaxa, otm4hhb^ . laaraoe onpej&ieHie OKpyaraaro cy#a, o6a- 
aana Hajoawt csoe aocraaoBJieHie, KOTopoe 6h BaariiHaio onpe- 
jiaenie cy#& (pasfcacgeirie, jonojHeHHOe b% pirn, 1893 r. 3a 
% 62); ho^b CTpmeio bto! ecra eciMKa na oCfoacHeHia ei ct. 
701 § 7, ha noffb err. 701 otfracneHia OKaraiBaioTca Ha §6. 
Cboj& p*3MCHemft, crpynnHpoBanmixx no** ct. ct. 792 h 
793, npeflCTaaweTCfl odpaapoBHirB no hoj«ot6 h coAepatamio; 
sasercH Han* tojh>k# t too cjrfeflOBftJO noff* cr. 793 nairteTHTB 
Bunepnity mb pftflh 1883 f. sa JYs IOOotoitb, Tronpoc&6a 
KaccaniH pimeHiav no 1 n. ea AonycsaeTCt jmiiib bci^ctbIh 
Hapymeeifl sa&ow, Hs^aHHaro coraacHO 49 h 50 ct. ochobh. 
aaa.; tIm* tfoii&e, , hto siofi BHflepautH h*tb a ihwb ct. 9, 
sy^a OTCiuiaer^ 3#fcc* cocT&BirreJiL. Bt § 2 no#& ct. 794 onm- 
(kmo cjrfuaHa cciu*a Ha pirn. 1886 p. aa J\s 37 bm^cto 36. 
Ei § 15 noftb ct. 795 CjAaoreuio 611 flotfaBHTB paBtacHeme 
no frfim. 1891 r. 3a JV* 111, <ito sasHa, nponrpaBmaa #6jo m> 
jhu.4 ohhoto M86H9aro ynpaueHia, He MO«en> bt> jumjh apy- 
row> npoesr* 06% oum*h4 pfemeHk Bfc Ka?ecTB$ TpeTtaro JEHija. 
Iloffb ct. 812, rffb crpynnnpoBami pa3MCHenia oraocHTejiLHO 
noBOpora acnojmeHiji no onrbHeHfimrb ceHttroMi pfcmeHijufi, 
a^cmaio cffiiam ccraay aa § 3 2 no^B ct. 1180, m> boto- 
powb spHBeftevir^ Bfixep»Ra E9fb pirn. 1888 r. sa J6 16, otboch- 
B^aroea k* Toy^rJie. Hpexx^ry. 80 Bcett na^i cpoKaxt (ct. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 46 — 

816 — 838) h-Stx bhehckh npHHijimiaJBHaro nojoaema, Biipa- 
aeHHaro bx pim. 1885 r. 3a JH2 31, tomx, oto npoijeccyaax- 
Hue cpoKH He aaBHocTHHe h noTOMy hocjt£ nepepiiBa Te^eme 
hxx He BosoSHOBJiaeTca; na pimeme arc ecTB h4ckojbko cch- 
jokx hojx ct. 735. Hh noflx ct. 891, hhhoaxct. 893 fffrrx 
bhhhcbh H3x pfcm. 1890 r. 3a Jfc 83 tomx, to> npaBHJO 
HenoKOjefiHMOCTH cyaetfHiixx pimemft He pacnpocTpaHfleicfl Ha 
onpe^jenia cy#OBx, cocTOHBmiacfl He bx cocrasaTeoiBHOMx, a 

B'L OXpaHHTeJIBHOMt HOp^Ki, KaKOBH, Meatfly npOTOMX OHpe- 

xkjienw cyflOBx, nocTaHOBMeMHa na ocHOBamn npiurlra. kx 
396 ct. V t. ycT. noma., a paBHO bbo#& bo uarfraieno 
xaBHOCTH He bx hckobomx nopa^E*. OtfrnnpHBUi noacHema, no- 
M«femeHHHfl hoax ct. 895, coflepaarB bx ce64 cjAflyionpe npo- 
nycKH: kx § 5 He npireefleHO cchjeh Ha nosflffkftmee pinieme 
1887 r. 3a Jfe 9, bx § 18 1 cffkiaHH ABa HSBjewma rax 
pirn. 1892 r. 3a JTe 61, ho He bx o^homx He npHBefteHO npHHijH- 
niajitnaro pa3xacHeHia, #aHHaro bx 9tomx pfcmemH noHariio 
„t6mh ate TJHRymHMHca cropoHaMH"; § 20, cjrfw>BajM) aohoj- 
hhtb bhhhckoio H3x p-tin. 1892 r. 3aJ&37;a§ 22, bx koto- 
Pomx coaepawTca H3BjreTOme hsx pfcrn. 1879 r. sa J6 343, npaico 
Tpe6oBa#x #jia h.^bhocth, nanx pendant kx Heny, bhhhckh H3x 
pirn. 1888 r. sa Jfc 42. MpeaBtnaffHO cepBesHiifi nponycKX o*a- 
3HBaeTca no^x ct. 931, iy$ npHBe^eHH bhhhckh hsx jByxx 
pimemfi h wkvh bbthhckh hsx nosaff&finiaro pirn. 1887 r. 3a 
JV? 95, npenoAaBmaro nporaBonqjioatHoe, BXOTiri&Hy npeatHaro, 
TOJTBKOBaHie Toro ate Bonpoca. Hoax ct. 933 nponymeHa ccuita 
Ha pira, 1887 3a J6 82 o tomx, tto He aonycKaeTca noHyjH- 
TejiLHaro OTiyatfleHia npasa noaroHeHHaro Ria#&Hia, Iloffx ct. 
975 AOJiatHa 6u 6snx noiriimeHa ccBmta Ha npHHijHni&iBHoe 
onpe^eme npHHaweatHOCTeft Hej[BH»HMaro HiiymecTBa, wra- 
HoeBxpim. 1884 r. 3a J6 75. IIo^x ct. 1014 kbhj&au ijoth- 
pyeTCfl pirn. 1884 r.sa JHs 56, ho hh ojHa H3x n.HTaTX ne npff- 
boahtx noRJiEmiuxT* cjobx 9Toro pfanema, HMfeonjiixx iipiraqH- 
niaJiBHoe 3HaTOme, a hmchho, tto 1014 h 1015 ct. ycTaHaB- 
jHBaioTx oco6lih npaBHia rjir B03Harpaamema xpaHHT&aefi Hicy- 
mecTBa apecTOBaHHaro no BsucitaHiaMx ex jojiatHHKa, h He mo- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 47 — 

ryra 6htb npHirbHJieHH b*b cjy^aaarB oxpaHH He aojroBaro, a 
Haci^CTBeHHaro HMymecTBa. IIoffB ct. 1092 wkrb cchjkh Ha 
plan. 1890 r. 1 3a JVs 81, pas^ACHmmee, ito CTaTM 9Ta othochtch 
tojbko k% Tony cjy^aio, Kor.ua TpeTBe jhhijo ateaaerB ocnapn- 
BaTB npHHaAJiesHOCTB aojshhkj HMymecTBa, HaxoflHBmaroca bo 
BpeiLa HajioaeHiii Ha OHoe apecTa eo dAadtbuiu co,moio dojiotc- 
uum. Wbrb nofft sroii CTaTBeio h cchjkh Ha pirn. 1889 r. sa 
Us 57, pa3iacHHBmee, hto npn BSHCKaniH sa3eHHiixx mTpa- 
(fwBt kb sa^ecTBi B3HCKateaa BHSHBaeTca cooTBfrrcTByiomee 
RaseHHoe ynpaBJieme, Tor.ua KaKt h bx otomx h, fl npejpifly- 
wpwb cjiy^afe ct. 1092, sasx HapymeHH&a, (frnrypHpyerB b-l 
pesojrfoipH CeHaia. Othocotcjibho noaoateHia, aaHHMaeMaro Bt 
wm^B Afciax'b B3HCBaTejeM^, He totoo u,wTHpoBaHO p-fcm. 1886 r. 
3a As 74 h coBcbMt whvb np&rai^niajiBHaro pasMCHenia H3x 
pfcra. 1891 r. 3a JV2 22. IIoffB ct. 1129#qa&XH ipTHpyeTca 
1893 r. 3a As 33 h he pasy He yrasaHO, ^to pimeHieM'B 
bthm'b npH3HaHO, hto saiioro^epKaTejiB, BCTyimBmifi bo BpeMeH- 
Hoe BJia^Hie 3ajoxeinnjMi> HM^HieM'B, ne ofiasaH'B jasaTB ot- 
Hera m> xoxo^axx aroro hm^hlq; TaKOii i^amTii ne c#fcjaHO h 
no#B ct. 1131. Hh vl o6xacHeHiax'B vb In. 1180 ct., hh 
kb ct. 1181 He yaasano, ito nopira. 1891 r. 3a As 105 am 
npHM^HeHifl othx'b craTefi TpefiyeTca, ?to6bi ez MOMenrm Topra 
miime npHHa^eacaJO He jojuKHHEy, a TperBeMy .raijy. IIoffB 
ct. 1197 cjrfi^OBajio 6u npnBecra TeRCTyaJBHO BtnracKy irax 
pfcm. 1889 r. 3a Jfe 12, rjacamyio, oto ct, 1197 He mmaerB 
co6ctBenHHKa HMymecTBa, npoflaraaro. 3a ^yaoft flOJH"B, npasa 
TpeCodaTL no cyfty otb BSHCKaTejra BOBHarpaaflema noneceH- 
hhxt, otb TaKOBou npo#a{i&H y6iJTKOB'L, 6e3?bi npeABapirrejiBHaro 
HpeA^HBJieHia Hcna npHHa£Jie&H0CTH eMy, cotfcTBemraKy, OBHa- 
neHHaro HMymecTBa. IIoffB ct. 1204 ijimipyeTCtf p-fcm. 1877 r. 
sa As 178 bm4cto As 158; totoo Tan* noffB ct. 1293 pirn. 1887 r. 
3a J& 77 bm*cto 1888 r. 

HOflBCT. 1331 KB § 6, Tfjb rOBOpHTCH 06* OTFkTCTBeHHOCTH 

sa yfiuTKH HOTapiycOB'B, h4tb ccujikh Ha npHHijEniajBHoe no 
woiiy npe^Mery pas-BacHeme, cojepaameeca b* pirn. 1891 r. 3a 
As 8. B*b rjaBi n O hphsboactb'I fl&rB 3aKOHHOCTH poafleHia a 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 48 — 

H$ra buhhcoke «e* pto. 1890 r. aa ^ 45 hoco&hho cep&es- 
Haro pirn. 1892 r. sa Jfe 33, TOrfla icaK* f& pesojuwjiH ceHaia 
no nocxiAHeuy jcfcjiy npHBOflrrca crl ct. 1348, 1352 h 1353 
a oho Bootfme jonoifffleTB pas^scHeHk no pira- 1879 r.3a 
J^ 152 i 1882 r. sa JVe 155, koto ptifl noxpo^HO D[HTHpyiDTca 
co€TaBHTejeM f L.iIo^cr. 1356* fcfcri ccHJKHHa pfcm. 1889 r. 
aa J6 67, xora tasoe 3Ta crana npHBOftHTca bx peso-noijiH 
eefiara. Iloffb ct. 1364 He iprrHpyerca pfan. 1892 r. 3a JVs 27, 
pad&acHHBHiee, ito npoTOKOJ'B o' iipHMnperiui ctopohx Moaera 
6uTb cocTBBJieH'L He toiiBBO npeffB cy^OMt, ho h npe#L iie- 
hom'b ero, HponBBO*ftm,iiite sasifl ia6o OT^JikHHa flMcTBia no 
ero nopy^eniH). IIo#b cr. 1368 riai caMOCToaTettHnxt odac- 
HeiriS, a tojbmkk cchjrh Ha ofaacHema no^t ApyrHMH CTaTBHKH 

H, MGSAy OPOHEHW, HOflfc CT. 1372, a HOflt 9TOft CTSTBeH) HH- 

uaraxB otfiacHeHift coBe^Mt He HiriseTca. HoffBCT. 1501 ipra- 
pyeTca pirn. 1884 p.sa JV* 54, bit^Cto pfan.3a 1885 r, 3a rkwb ate 
BOMepotfb. Haaoneij*, noftfc cr. 20 III npaioa. n% ct. 1400 
He i^RTHpyeroa p*ni. 1892 r, m X* 87, jaBmaro Bectiia cepbes- 
Hoe pasMCHeHie o tom£, wo jjbaa, o HecocToaTex&HocTM h He 
ToproBofl no Moryra 6&rh BOstiy&AaeBtxi sa aoirn He npeBu- 
maiomie 1500 py& 

OKOHirab Hepeveflb nexoierofrB h nponycBOB^, sairfrceH- 
hhx'b HaMii vb pasotfpaHHiix'b H3xaniflxi r mh craraeM'B yiiicT- 
hhmt> noBTopHT* cj-hiaHHoe yase naMb OAnasAH 3airircaHie, hto 

HaMT> He COBC&ftTb HOHATHO, nOTOMy COCTftBHTeJH c6opHHR0BT>, 
nOAOdHUU pa8CM0Tp4HHL£M T B, CWTaiO'Tb npOBHJIkHMM'L CTMB 

T^areiBHoe paft#fcieBie npetftoortB BtflOMCTBa Kaatfiaro mn> hexi, 
TaBt wo, kw> KOMMeHTHpyerb fpa&A*HCKie saaoHu, Ton. He 
xOTeTi> B^aw, hto Kb 9Thmi» 3aBOHaMt oraocameeea ce^ep^ 
jurrca bt> piunemsx'L yroaoraaro flenapraMeHra h Raotfopor*. 
Kasaatocb 6u, mil tarie cfopHiraa ap.i»hh no bosmoahocth 
coeAHHHTB bx ce(y£ BecB 6e3t HCRjnoiema MaTepiai^^BaBofijjrs 
MOHHMaaiio oucua » paeyita 3&noHa ripeno^aiffb GeHaTom, 6es- 
pasjnraHO b% tomj, bi tttooM'B orj^eniii, AenapTaMesrb hih 
cotfpamH pfeineHia eocroaJiHCBj hto c6ophhbh 9t» wjukhh 6lth» 
nyreBO^HTeJWMH, no- Bcefl KaccauioHHfOfi njteBTHKi, xaK* CBasaift, 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 49 — 

HacToamffKH EogesepaMH so ropaM* 9 #oiaMi eenaTCRofi aob- 
tphhh. Oriero 6u nanp. bs> g6ophhk4 HoceBso He npHBecm 
pasxHCHeHk Kt ct. 509 no pimeawo yroaoBHaro sac. aen. aa 
1886 r. mxb N* 6, hs* BOToparo bh*ho, no, xora Bcama 
TpetioBama h hckh ua HecocToaTejujaaro npe^purajiaioTca B* oco- 
60111 nopwfc, rpa»AaHCwe hcrh, saaBueMue npoTHBt jiero 
bi» yrojOBaoMX npoijecci, nofliHHaioTca otfmeiiy nopaj&y wa 
Tarax'F hcsofb cymecTByiomeicy? lira owero 6u bx ctfopHrofc 
Taraajjesa ho noubcTim pa3xacneHia kx ct. 143 no pfcme- 
aiio rpaam. sac. gen. 1887 r. aa J6 105, ysasuBaiomaro, bx 
CRg3H ex npoHCXOsxemeiTB ct. 194 h. 1 t. X, hto nponHia- 
me aoj&eu no sajtOHy xasaTB tojbbo a&th po^Tea/rax, a He 
Boo6m,e racxoflamie BOCxoxanpMi? IIjh OTnero 6u Hanp. bt> 
c6ophhk4 BopoBHKOBCsaro noffB ct. 250 He npoipTHpoBaTB 
pimeHia yroaoB. sac. #en. 1892 r. 8a JYs 59 tomx, hto 
npaBO noripeHHaro Ha BOstfyjRfleme yroaoBHO-wcTHaro o^BHHe- 

Hia AOMSHO 6HTB BHpaSOHO BT> flOB^peHHOCTH ex npaMUMi 

yKasaHieirt nporaBx saBoro HjceHHO .raija? 

IIpOTEBX c6opHHSa BopOBHEOBCMTO MH B*B 8TOM& OTHOflje- 

ma Hjr&eM'B oco6yio npereHaiio, 3aBaKmK>mya)ca wb TOirt, ot- 
?ero y Hero h^tx BQiraeHTapia k'b cTaTKSMx yciaea no p-fcme- 
EMMt o6maro cotipaaia 1-ro h EaccaAioHHHxx aenajmuceHTOBTb? 
Otb TaBofi npeTeH3iH ero He Moaters aamHTHTB to, ?to Hasa- 
rojOBsft ero yevasa tHa^HTca, ito otfiacHeHia b% HeifL fifi.Ru 
TOJBKO no p^memaMt rpaa^aHCBaro sac. aen. h too &to 3Ha- 
totb Tpe6oBaTB ort Hero 6oJiBniaro, t£mx ohx otfimaert #aTB, 
h6o plmeHia bth HacmiBBO BaatHH, tto h oh* cam, neo64- 
n^aa Toro, flfcuaerB oflHaso Ha hhxx MHoroBpaTmia cchjbh 
(nanp. no** ct. 9, 700, 891, 943,1127,1162, 1303 nap.); 
aTorb npotffca'B rhwb caopfce (rraHOBHTca He^ocTaTBOMx, Ror^a 
mh HM^eMt npeflx rjaaaMH He nepBoe, a Tperifl pa3i» Bocnpo- 
H3BOAHHoe H3^aHie. m^b ate, b% caMOMt fffcai, Koryrs aoctoAho 
OTJiraaTBca noBTopHtia Ha^aHia Taanxt c6ophhbobx, Bast He 
hobhm'l otforameHieiix coaepa&amaroca bx hhxx MaTepiasa, He 
AonojHeHieM'B ace h4cbojibehmh Te3ncaMH no nosAH^if mmfE pime- 
fliflM'L, onyfiaHBOBaHHHMi wb npoMeacyTB'b BpeiieHH Meat^y ox- 

s» DpHft. 06m. kh. vu 1895 r. 4 



Digitized by 



Google 






■^ 



— 50 — 

hhmx h ^pyrrorL mj&mewb. Ho iero y»e noJoairreaBHO He 
flOJURHO BCTpinaTBca bi hobhxi raflaHiax'B — 9to BocnponsBefle- 

Hia TaKHXl TeSHCOBX, KOTOpHe He COOTBtTCTByiOTB HOBOMy TeK- 

CTy 3aEOHOBi; TaB*B nanp. y EopoBHEOBCBaro TenepB noa* ct. 
1282 noMimerru ,pa hobhx'b o<JxfHmi&iBHHX'B npHM^amfl: 
nepBoe o tomx, oto ff&ja seMCEHxx y^pe»ffeHifl noxiesaTB 
pa3CMOTp4niio c% co6jnoji,emeMX npaBMX, ycTaHOBieHnuxx #.ia 
Ka3enHHxx ynpaBjemft, h Bropoe, *ito to ae npHir&HaeTca ot- 
ouh* h r% fffeiaMi ropoxcBaro otfmecTBeHHaro ynpaBjema; 
t4mx He Menle aajrfce cji^yeTt ycTapfemifi EOMiieHTapift co- 
CTaBHrejfl bt> § 1 , hto fffcjia seMCKHxx ynpeamemfi He cpaBHemj 
cb KhjLBMK Ka3eHHHX , B ynpaBJLemft h Bt § 2, to ropofl6ria 
ynpaBJieHiff He npHHaflJieaarB kb racjry BaaeHHiixx ynpaBJienifi. 

TaKX KaBX B*B 9T01TB M$Ct£ BOMMeHTapiS CTOHTL pflXOlTB CB 

hobum'b h npoTHBonojioaHHM'B eicy TescTOMi saBOHa, to npn 
cnpaBB^ co cfiopHHBoirB B^poATHo Eaamnil cpasy o6HapysHTB 
9Ty HecootfpaaHOCTB h jerao nstfirHerB onra6BH; He TaB* jerso 
tfyaerB Hsfi'lacaTB Taaoft oihh<5eh TOMy, bto npoYren* y Bopo- 
BHBOBCBaro noffB ct. 31 otfMCHeme wb § 42, nojBp^njraeMoe 
ccbutbok) Ha cgmb ceHaTCBHxi pfanemil h rjiaca mee 6eso bchbrxx 
oroBopoBi: „3eMCEia h ropoacsia o6mecTBeHHHa ynpaBjemii — He 
npHHa/TJeatart ex weary EaaeHHHX-B ynpaBjemft*. 



Digitized by 



Google 



.7/-. -V 



3AMMKI BPBHEHIIUIli DPABUAXl BOJIOGTHOMl C9&t, j|*i- 

GTBywntinii bt> mmthoctsxi, bi kotopmx]> bbbhebo uojioke- 

HIE 3BMCKHXT> yiACTttOBUXl BAlAJIbHIKAXT,. 

Ha ocHOBamH Bticonaftine yroepjixeHHaro 12-ro iiojLS 1889 r. 
KH&ma rocyxapcTBeHHaro coBina, vb irficTHOCTax'B, bi> eohxi 
BBexeHO nojioseme o seMCKHXi yqacTKOBMX'B Ha?aiBHHKax , B, 
AifiCTByiorL BpeMeHHUA npaBHja o bojocthom'l cy#fc, Ha ocho- 
BamH BOTopux-L paspimaiOTca cnopu h Tas6u no HiiymecTBy, 
paBHO Kara h fffcaa no HtBOTopmcb npocTynBaMx BpecTBaron 
Apyrexx jhd,t>, noxB^AOMCTBennuxi ceicy cyay. H&ib bthxt, npa- 
biui: „oxpaHenie ftsaroiHHia, o6m,ecTBeHHaro nopaxKa, 6eso- 
nacHocra h npaBi qacxHuxi jump bt> ceABCKHXi M-fccTHOcTaxx*. 
HoBtifl npaBiua o bojocthom'l cy#6, kotophmh oxpasunorcii 
npaBa khjusIohofl KpecTtairL h seuLj noA^HHeHHUxi bojioct- 
HOMy cyay, Kb&cuBjKyrb 6ojbe wrNpexx jrbTb. Bx Hacroa- 
mee BpeMH, ocooeHHO vl BH/jy ynpe^eHHoft npH MHHHcrepcTB'fe 
iocTHqin kommhcIh xm nepecMOTpa 3aKOHonoJoseHi8 no cyxe6- 
Hoft lacra, npe^CTaBJiaeTca CBoeBpeMeHHHMt B3rjwHyTB Ha ehxt> 
KpHTH^ecKH h BLiCKa^aTL aaKJimeHie o tomt>, ocyn^ecTBHJH jh 
HOBue BOJOCTHtie cy.pi BaiHKifl 3aBin> HMeHHuxi yBasoFb on 
20 Hoa6pa 1864 xoja h 12 ima 1889 ro^a „npaB#a h mh- 
joctb ja i^apcTByfOTB b$ cyxaxx*. 

He sacaacb btb Hacroameft CTaTB'fe Bonpoca o itfwiecoo6pa3- 
hocth MicTHaro KpecTKHHcsaro cyxa h ocTaHaBJEHBaact jihihb 
Ha npoi^eccyuBHBixi npaBHAaxi, no rohm'b AMcTByera arort 

4* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 52 — ' 

cyffB, Hejn>3fi He npnsHaTB, hto HiKOToptw hxb nojuoaema H^yrt 
bt> paspfox cb „o6m;enpHHflTLiMn h uBJiJiyimmm #o cnxx nopi 

BHpa60TaHHHMH FB IJHBMH30BaHHOM'B Mipfc pyTOT6JBCTBaMH TON), 

hto cyaefaaa HCTHHa Cy^era o6HapymeHa, tto saKOffB tfyjert 
totoo npHM^HeirB h hto Kaayuufl Hsx cypmnxca nojywrB no 
sacayraMfc". Cy#B, KaEx cKaaajrB mhehctp* iocthiph npn ot- 

KptlTill KOMMHCiH, flflJU&eWb ($HTB He3aBHCEMHlt OTT> HOCTOpOHHHX'B 

BJii^Hifi h ^aMemft, tslki> hto6h cy^M mofb HcnojiHaTB cboh 
o6a3aHHOCTH, HH^ero He onacaacB h He pyBOBo#CTByacB h He 

CrfeCHMCB HHTklCB HHHMX, KpOM^ SaEOHA, COB r feCTH H ^aKTOBl. 

Mhcotmo xbl roBopHTB o caMOCToaTeJBHOCTH BoiocTHaro cyaa 
npn HajnraHOCTH 62 ct.? Uojio&eHin o seMCKHX'B yqacTKOBtrx'L 
HanajiLHHKax'B, no Koeff 3eMCKi8 HanajrBHHK'B, b*b BH^y 6 ct. 
BpeM. npaB. cy^a, Ewben> npaBO no^BepraTB bojiocthhxt> cyjeil, 
tfesfc (J)opMaJibHaro npoH3BOflCTBa, aairfe^ami), BtiroBopy, fleHe»- 
HOicy BBMCKamio He CBume oath pyoaefi hjh apecTy H&BpeiiA 
He CHsnne ceMH jseft, h aaae BpeacexHo ycrpaa*TB otb #<ui»- 

HOCTH. IIOHaTHO, OTO, HaXOftfiCB BX HOJHOfi daBHCHMOCTH OTB 

aeoccBaro HanajBHiuta, bojocthoS cyx* aBJiaeTca ramB opyxieitB 
wl ero pyKaxt, Bnonrf) desoTB^T&iiMi h b-l chjtjt stofo Hep&#ra 
cjiynan, Kor^a cy#B, ejHHCTBeHHO Ha ocHOBamja npeAnncania 
aeMCKaro Ha^ajiBHHxa, 6es% bolr&to paafinpaTejEBCTBa, 6e3t jo- 
npoca cBH^Tejefi, npsroeapHBajE'B o6BHH£eMiix r B rx HasaaamH), 
BHcraajuuE efliHC'reeHHHM'B hothboitb vb CBoeMX nprnoBopi „npeft- 
HHcaHie seifCEaro HanajiBHHBa". Bi noATBep&fteme Hsjoseraaro 
Mory ysasaTB, <rro btb Hosropoftcftoft ry<JepniH, ae roeopa o6i» 
aAMHHHcrpaTHBamx'B B3HCBaeijix%, no npeflcraBjreHunffB aencKBX'B 
na^fwtHHBOFB 6rao y^aaeno on flOMtHOcreS cy^eft Bt 1891 
roay— 28, 1892 ro*y— 16 h 1893 ro*y— 7. 

CyffB xoxmewb cocToara hsx jhi^b HesanHTepecoBaHHBixs 

B*B HCXOffb fl&ia, ■ FB CHJiy 8TOPO BO BCfext pillllHT&ffBHO 3AKO- 

HO^aTe»CTBarB, b* tostb racari kb cyflefafiLrB ycTaaai'B Hime- 
paTopa AjteKcaHflpa II h bi> DOJOJKemii o seiraaucB y^acrBO- 
bhx'b na^uiBHHsax'B, npeAOCTaaieHO y^acTByiaH^HM^ vb ff&ri 
xBHiaicB npaeo oTBO^a cy,a,eft. KpoMt toto BM-fenaerca n ca- 
MOMy cy^B* OTBeera cefo, sou caopo ohi, aeea ero, pax- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 53 — 

CTB6HHHRH K& IipjOCOfi JHHUI 663% OrpaHHH£HLa, a BX tfOBOBHXl — 
pO^CTBeHHEfiH nepBLII'L TOTHpeXX H CBOftCTBeHHHBH nepBHxi 

Tpex-B cTeneHefl hm^hxte y^acrie m> fliurfc. Meajy tSmi Bpe~ 
MeHHua npaHnsa o bojuocthomi cyxft ototo xopeHHaro nojose- 
Hia He npH3Hax>TB h bi> ct. 9-ofl nocTaHOBJUnora: „bojoctho1 
cy^Ba He BnpaB-fe npHHHuaTL y^acrie fb paspimemH ff&aa, aa- 
caiomaroca ero cauoro hjh HeorrjrfueHHHxx ueHOB'B ero cenefl- 
craa*, bo bc6xt> se ocraa&HHX* cjywaxi okb He tojlbo HM-hera 
npaBo, ho ofaaamb #ase yrocTBOBaTB bt> pasptmemH .jkia. 
Grfe^OBaTejiLHo, oh* Moasen aa»e cyxHTB CBoero powaaro onja, 
kojl csopo nocjiiflmfl ero OT^krajit h HM'ieTL oTrfronoe xo- 
saSctbo. He pa3x npHxojtHJiocb pascMaTpHBan aajro6ti Ha 
pfanema Boiocmaro oy*a, nocraHOBJieHHiM irpn yqacria eyfteft, 
cocToamExt bt> po^CTBeHHsix'B OTHomeHiflxi» cb yqacTByion^HMH 
vl flfcjrfc JHn;aMH, h hoao6hha ptiueaia Bcer.ua osasHBajuicb 
ffBHO HenpaBocyxHHHH. 

Tiuse BpeneHHiia npaBHia bi ct. 3-eft roBopara: Ha «oji»- 
hoctl BcmocTHaro cy^BH H86HpaioTca RpecTBaHe-«OMOX03aeBa, ^o- 
CTHrmie 35 jfrra on poay, no»3yiomieca pasemeifB cbohxi 
oxHOcem^eBi h, ho bo3mo*hocth, rpaMoraie. Cjr&xoBaTejbHO, 
HHBaBoro o6pasoBaTeJiBHaro ijeraa He TpetiyeTca, a fb cuiy 
dToro cy^M, bi> 6ojiBmHHCTBi uyqaeBi, e#Ba Morymifl tojbbo 
noAflHcaiB CBoe eha, Haxojprrca bx noiHOfl aaBHCHMOcra otb 
irftcriiaro BaiocTHaro nncapfl, KOTopwft TaRHra otipasoKB o- 
werca. $aBTH?ecBHirB BepmnTejeifB fflura. 

Canoe onpeftfaeme BiflOMCTBa bojocthhxi cy^0BT>, H3xo«eH~ 
Hoe bx 15 h 17 ct. HpaBHJi'L, Ha otojbko h6totoo HHeacHo, 
too BH3HBaerb Maccy HeaoyirkHift, paspimaeMiixx He tojibbo 
bojocthhmh cy^aMH h yfoftHUMH cxfoflaMH 7 ho aa»e h rytfepH- 
cbhhh npncyTCTBiaMH, Ha ROTopua BoaaoateHO oxpaHeme hcthh- 
Haro CMHcia 3anoHa, coBepmeHHO paannrao. Tasx, roBOpa, *rro 
BaiocTHOMy cyjjy HOAoyffsii BCflsaro poxa enopu h Ta&foi Mesjy 
jHijaira, enry noflrtflOMCTBeHHHMH, u.'Ihoh) ao 300 py&ieft, Ilpa- 
BHja He ycTaHaairoaiorB nopaflta, kohmb onpeffijwerca i^hHa 
Hcsa Boodme h bi» oco6eHHocTe o npaB$, HeorpaHH^eHmnfi 
cpoEoiTL. H^BOTopue BOJOCTHLie cyjn, no yRasanijDrB 36mck]ixi 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 54 — 

Ha^aiBHHKOFB H yfc f a,HHX r L CbfeAOBl>, pyKOBOXCTByiOTCfl Vb dUKXh 

cjy^aax'B 5 n. 273 ct. yd. rpa»A. cynonp., hcxoajih3'b 128 ct. 
npaB. o npoHSB. cyn. fifarb, no Koeft yfeaftHue CBfo^ti npH pa3- 
ptmeHin rpaa^aHCKHX'B A^ura, pa3CMOTptaHBai boiocthhmh cy- 
jsfljm y fffcftcTByiorb npnM'&HHTej&HO si npaBKiaiTB, HaiosemiMi 
bi> XII OTA*JieHiH, bi khkobomt> HM^eTCfl 117 ct., rjiacamaa: 
„pa36HpaTeJBCTBO pjbxb bt> cLfefli npoHaBOjHTca t^mx ae nopaj- 
koitb, Karct y seMCRHX'B HaMajsHHKOBx", a nocjfe^Hie, Btcajy 
33 ct. UpaBHJ'B, onpeff&JUMOT'B n.tHy HCKa nopaAKOirB, yKaaae- 
Hiun> bi» 273 ct. ycT. rpasfl. cyn.; apyrie &e bojocthh6 cynu 
aroro miKOBamji, BCJ'fe^CTBie pa3'BACHeHifi seMCBuxi HanaikHu- 
bokb, ae npraHaioTi, hcxoaa hbtb n,HpKyjujpa MHHflcrpa BuyT- 
peHHHxi> jiit 1891 ro^a J\6 41, no KoeMy hh ojiia h3t> <yra- 
Tefl ycxaBa rpaatAaHCRaro cyAonponsBoxcTBa am hhxx Heo6a- 
saTejibHa. 

Ha osHOBamn 2 n. 15 ct. BpeateHHiix'b npaBHJn, bojoct- 
hom y cyxy ue no,pe«arB Bcosaro po#a cnopu h thk6h o upaB-b 

C06CTBeHHOCTH HAH IipaB* BJia^Hifl HeABHatHMOCTBH), OCHO- 

BaHH£an» Ha KpknocTHuxT> vum abohuhxi aKTaxt. C-r6AOBaTeju>HO, 
bc6 oCTajibHue cnopn h t&s&6h, Kara HanpiiMfepx: cnopu o 

npaB^ COCCTBeHHOCTH, OCHOBaHHOMt Ha fl&BHOCTHOM'B BJaA'bmH 

HMymecTBaMH, He bxoahhihmh wl cocTaBi specTBAHCBaro HaA r kia, 
cnopu o npaB-fe BJiaAiHia Ha ocHOBamn CBH^TeJEbCSHXi noKa- 
aaflifl h t. n., noAcyAHti BO.iocTHOMy cyxy. HoAotfHoe onpe^t- 
jeuie noAcyAHOCTH He Moaters 6htb npu3HaHO HirfnomHM'b jo- 
rn^ecBoe ocHOBaHie, h6o pasp&menie cnopoBi h Taacfo o npajrfe 
co^CTBeHHOCTH ejus, o npaB-fc BJiaA'trnfl Ha ocHOBanin cBH^Tejb- 
ckhx'b iiOKaaauifl npeACTaBjaerb HecpaBHenno 6ojfee saTpyAHe- 
nifi, HeaejiH paspiuneme a&Jtb Ha ocHOBama aKTOBt, bi> kohxt> 
npaBOBua OTHomeHia cTopora ct TOHHOCTbio onpe^&ieHJbi h ne- 
pe^aBaa 6oJvhe npocrua A^-ia Bfe^Hiio oKpyatHaro cy.ua, coctoh- 
njaro H3t cy^eft cneipajfeno noAroTOBJieHHHX'b ki cyAeitcKoft xha- 
tcjilhocth h ycTaiiaRiiiBaa am paspfemeHia hxx hsb^cthuh 
4>opMajifcHocTH, BpeMeHHUA npaBHia jsjhM 6ojte Tpy^HBU h6o- 
jrhe cioacHUfl othocatb kt> vhfl^mio cy^efl bb oojbinHHCTB* oiy- 
naeFb HerpaMOTRHXi>, spafiHe Hepa3BHTuxi>, He HMfoomnxi hh- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 55 — 

Basoro noHjmfl o&b ysaKOHeHiflX'B, onpeA^oaion^HX'B HMymecTBeH- 
bjul oTHomeHk rpaay.aH'L n npeAOCTaRUKOTL hjtb 3th ffkia pb- 
maTB, saKx Bora Ha Aymy naiaaurrb. IIo.ioseHie, BOTopoe He 
MOserB 6htb onpaBAaHo HHKaicHMH ptmHTaiBHO cootipaateHijiMH 
h KOTopoe HeMHHyeMO BusuBaerL bx napoA^ nojHMmyio npa- 
Hun,y fb npasoBHX'B OTHomemax'L, ja h tffcftcTBHTeJiBHo: noqeMy 

HlfeHHO BOJOCTHOfi CJKh IfOSeTL pa3CMaTpHBaTB HCKH DpaB* 

B^aA^Hia H3b4cthhmh HMymecTBaMH, HanpHir&pB o npaB* apeHflii, 

KOJB CKOpO 8TH HCKH OCHOBaHH Ha CJOBeCHBIXl flOrOBOpaXX, H 

He Momen> npHHHnaTB TaKOBue m> CBOemy pa3CMOTp$Hiio, Korja 

OHH BHTesaiOTB H3I» HBOTHHX'B aETOBX; HOHeify HMeHHO BOIOCT* 

hoiI cy/vt MoaerB pasptmarb bc6 cnopu o npaB^fe yqacria nacT- 
homt>, ocHOBaHHiie na cjioBecHuxi AoroBopHuxx oTHomeHiaxx 
hjh Ha CBH.a.feejitCKHX'B noKasaniflxi, h flOJUReHx OTsasaTB bt> 
pa3CMOTp4niH Taitoro cnopa, mrfjiomaro cbohjtb ociioBauieM'B 
ycTaflOBjenHyio b% 447 ct. X t. h. aairacB? 

Ho 4 n. Toft »e CTaTBH, fffejia no Hacjrl^OBaHiio h pa3#fe- 
ABM-b Meac^y HacJi^HHsaMH RpecTMHcsaro HMymeerBa Meatfly 
npoiimi noAcy^Hti BoaocTHOMy cyay: 6esT> orpaHHTOHia cyM- 
mu, sor^a Hacj^ACTBeHHoe HMymecrao bxoahti b% cocTaBi 
BpecTbHHCBaro Ha/vkia, a abhjrhmoctb cocraBJiflerB npHHa,pe»- 
hoctb oHaro, Meatfly t&itb, corjiacHO 5 n. 51 ct. 06. hojl, 
paaphmenie ceMeftmjxi pa3#kiOB'B no^ieatHTL hckjhoihtcjibho 
vbKbnijo caiBCsaro cxo.ua h coBepmaeTCH nopa^KOMx, yBasaH- 
hum'b m> 5 npHiriwamH kb npHBeaeHHofi 51 CTaTB*. ,3,0 H3#a- 
Hia BpeMeHHux'B npaB&ra o bojocthomx cy#&, IIpaBHTeJiBCTByio- 
ntfft CeHarB, KaKB no I aenapTaiieHTy, TaKB h ho o6meny co- 
6pamH> pa3 r BHCHHJi'B, hto Bifffemio ceJBCBaro cxo#a no&ieaKmrB 
jhihb pasfffejrB Ha^BHaro HM-fcmji h Toro £BH»HMaro HMymecTBa, 
EOTopoe cocraBjiaeT'B HeotfxoflHMyio npHHa,peatH0CTB KpecTBaH- 
CBaro xo3aficTBa, Rasx to seMJiefffeiBHecKHX'B opyaift, cKOia h 
t. n., pa3fffejix me nponaro HMymecTBa nojJiemajrB #fcftcTBiio 
o6m,Hxi» 3aKOH0B%, ycTaHaBJiHBaionpxi noflcyflHOCTB o HeflBHatH- 
ifiixi Hiiyn^ecTBaxx. Hpu hoao6homx TOJKOBamH noAcy^HOCTB 
xkm> o pa3A r bjax r L npeACTaBJWJiacB Biiojni achoh) h He Boatfyac- 
Aaia HHKaKHxi coMHtHifi. Co BBe^eHieifB ae BpeMeHnuxB npa- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 56 — 

Biura 8Ta aCHOcn, HCTe&ia, h6o h boiocthohj cyjy npeaocTaB- 
jiewb TOK»e pa3X^XB BpecTBiHcsaro Hajc&j&Haro miymecTBa, 
t. e„ pasffiurB Toro ate caMaro HMymecTBa, o soTOpoira cne- 
E[iaiBHO rOBOpHTGA b*l fffeftcTByiomeM'L ao CHXinop* 5 n. 51 CT. 
o<5. no j. IIoflo6Haa pejaKijui saKOHa, HeacHaa He touko am 
bojiocthhx'b cyjefl, ho A&se h am ropncTOBx, co^a^a nojrar&ft- 
mil xaoeL b*b tom* cmmcji4, tto nfooTopue BOiocrHtie cy#H 
bc* fliua o pasfflJiaxi HMymecrsa, ysasaHHaro bx 5 n. 51 ct. 
06. noa., Ha ocHOBams 4 n. 15 ct. BpeM. npas., npHHEMaroro 
%% CBoeiiy HpoHSBOACTBy, Tor^a Basi flpyrie cy.pi, Ha otfoporB, 
vb nojotfHHXt npocBtiaxx no HenojcyflHocra 0TBa3HBaK*nb, a 
lepesi 9to Hacejeme, Hyatflaiomeeca vb pas^axx, tiuBaero 

Hept^RO HOCTaBJieHO Bfc HeH3B^CTH0CTB Et KOMy 06paTHTBCfl CI 

xosaraftcTBOM^ o npoH3BOflCTB* TanoBuxi. BonpocB btotb jo 
chx* nopB He pasMCHeffb h jehib A, K. AnacTacBeKb b-b CBoeM* 
pyKOBO.ncTB'fe fcia seMCBHXi Ha^aiBHHBOB'B ysasaJTB Ha TO, HTO 
Fl^feHiio BOJLOCTHaro cyja noAie&ara paaffiuui HeHajrfeiLHHxx 

36Me^B H ABHltHMOCTH, He COCTftBJItfK>meft HeotixOXHMOft npHHAJ- 

je&HOCTH specTLflHCBaro xoaaifCTBa. Ho c& nojo6HiiMT> toabo- 
BaHieirB nexbsa corjacHTBca, h6o oho He tojbko ne mrfeerb 
sasoHHaro ocHOBaBM, ho j;ase npoTHBopfrun-B (JyBBaaBHOMy 
CHHCjy npHBe^eHHaro 4 n. 15 ct. BpeM. npaB. KaatAHfl saxoHi 
HsrfeeTt pasyMHoe ocHOBame h miEOBame sattOHa, HBotfpaa&eH- 
Haro kb 03HaH6HH0irB nyHKrt, HecoMHiurao sasamaeTca, no 
MflrimH) MoeMy, bt> cjA^yro^eMi: Banrift cnopi o npaB& rpaas- 
AaHCBOiTB noflje&WB paBpimemH) cy.ua, a He a^MHHHCTparaB- 
naro yqpeftAema, h cjrlflOBaTejiBHO cnopt o pasjitfi, ebml cnopt 
o npasi rpaatjaHCKOMi, fpjL3&ewb (Shtb paspinneH'B tojbbo cy- 
AOMfc; ao Tfcx& nopt nona cnopa Hfrra, nosa b-b Khzampucn 
ceMefidB* cymecTByiOTB Mnpx h conacie, pas^irB npoHSBo- 
AHTCfl cejLCKHM^ cxo^oitb, a para B03HHKaerL cnopx, B«B CBOH 
HpaBa Bcrynaen cyffb, soropufi h flOJUReHB CBasaTB CBoe aBro- 
pHTeTHoe cjobo. 3to tojbbo ofoflCHeme h Moasera ycTpaHHTb 
yBasaHHua Binne npoTHBOpi^k. 

15 ct. BpeM. npas. He ynoMHHaen o iffcaoM* p«fe hcbobi, 
HenoAJie»am;HX'B oi^Ihb* h BOdHHBaK>npxx , B rs% paauraHNXi #>- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 57 — 

roBopHirx'L, jothuxb h ceMefanx'B oraomeHifi. 9tot* nponycBi 
kb 3attOH$ BH8Bajii» Ha npaKTHK^ ^pesBKraafiHoe paaHootfpasie: 
Hftsoropize BOJOCTHLie cy#H npHHHMaiOT'L noAOfmue HCBH KX 
CBoeMy pascMOTp&Hiio, odasHBaiOT'B »eHt jkhtl cb MysidUfH, 
npe^ractiBaiorL nocjr&flHHiEB BtmaBaTB atenaMTb OTjtfuiBHMe BHflH 

Ha »HTeiBCTBO, BM^HflKXTb HCIIOJIHHTB H3B*CTHHfl pa60TU HJH 

eosepniHTB Baaoe jih6o ^iflcTBie; apyrie ate cyan, Ha o6oporc>, 

DOA06fllCS'L HCKOBT> He npHHHMaK>TL. Ob HOCJI'IaHHM'B TOJ^COBa- 

eieirL e^Ba jh hosho coraacHTBca, h6o osHa^enHiiS nponycBX 

JOflSeffB 6HTB 0<Xb£CHeHT> TOJIBEO HeTOHHOCTBH) pe^aKipH CTaTBH, 

a He saiameMi saBOHOflaTeaa hcbjdoottb ho,ho6hbw ffkaa H3i 
Bt^oMCTBa BOJiocroaro cyaa, h6o para lopHCflmmia Bojocraaro 
cyja Ha ctojlko pacnrapeHa, hto eMy npeflocTaBaeno npaBo 
pa3piinaTB Hep^xso o?em> cepBeamie h hphtoktb Bpafae cjojk- 
Hue aeMeiBHue cnopH, pa3piraeme botophxx saaoHx He na- 

meJTb BOSMOJBHHM'B IipeflOCTaBHTB RKB.e BeMCBHM'B Ha^aJIBHHBaM'B, 

to h He npeflcraBJiaeTca HHBasoro aoriraecBaro ocHOBama 9th 

HCBH, BaRB MeHie CXOSHHe, HCBJD01HTB H3I> HOflCyflHOCTH BO- 
lOCTHHX'B cyAOBi, — T&Wb tfojrfce, HTO, Ha OCHOBaHiH 96 ct. 06. 
no j., BOJiocTHoiry cyxy, fffcficTBOBaBineMy no nojo^emio 19 
$eBpajui 1861 roja, 6hjih noflcyaHH bc4 cnopu h th»6h iieamy 

SpeCTBAHaMH I$HOH) flO CTa py6aeft, BaSX HCflBHSHMOM'B H 

Xbhshmomi HMymecTBaxx bi> npe#fcjiax'B BpecTMHCKaro Ha^kia, 
ras'B h no 3afiMaMTb, nosyiiBaMfe, npoAasaKB h Bcaaaro po^a 
c^kntaM^ h o6a3aTejBCTBaM^B. 

Kpoarfc Toro Bi TescTB 15 ct. Bpeic. npaB. no^eicy to He 
ndrfemeHH hcbh o B03HarpaffiAemH 3a yforrBH h ymep6ii BpecTB- 
mcBOMy mcyn^ecTBy npnraHeHHHe h hcbh o noTpaBaxt H^py- 
Tvrb noBpeaBjeHiaxi noaeft, jryroBx h hhmx*b yrojptt. Tasx 
xasi o noflotfHHX'L HCBaxi cnen,iajiLHO ynoMHHaeTca bi 20 ct. 
npaB. o npoH3B. cy#. ffkra, to wo i flajo hobokb h4botophm , b 
cywrB i seMCBHH'B HanaiBHHBaM'B npHSHaBaTB, tto noflotfrnie 
hcbh HenoflcyjHH BOJiocraoMy cyay. He roBopa yme o tomx, 
to> flirB HHBaaoro ocHOBania hcbjhwhtb bth hcbh hsx noa- 
cjxhocth boiocthhxi cyAOBi> 7 HejB3a He ysasaTB, hto npHBe- 
WHHoe TOJiBOBaBde npoTHBopiwra fffeflcTByiomeMy Aocnxinopi 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 58 — 

npHJiojKemio ki> ct. 31 noJioaReHia o rytfepHCKiixi* h yfe^max^ 
no KpecTwiHCKHM'L fl$JL&wb y^peameHiax'B, bi Koem kb 12 cr. 
cuaaaHo: B03Harpa»AeBrie 3a noxpaBy h 3a Apyria noBpe&Aema 
h 3a H3Aep»KH Ha npoKopii'B saAepacaHHiix'b jrhbothux'l onpe- 
A^erca BoiocrHinrb cy^OMt. 3aKOHx, onpeflfciaa noAcyAHOCTB, 
Ao.imeH'B to^ho ycraHOBHTB ea rpaHHijbi, h pasx anix* toh- 
hmxtb nojioaeHifi h4t£, crijAyerb npusHaTB, hto no^o6Huft 3a- 
koht> He yflOMeTBopaert »H3HeHHHM'B noTpetfHOCTaii'B, h6o jh- 
uiaerL Hapo^t Bcasaro npeACTaBJieHia o tomx, kt» Bony Haao 
otfpainiaTbca o samm* cbohx*b npara h CTaBirrb cy^efi, npn- 
BBaHHHxi „kt> oxpaHeiriK) npaBi> tocthhxt> jump bi caibCKiixt 

MbCTHOCtflXl,", B^ HeB03MO»HOCTb HCHOAHHTb B03*0»eHHyi0 Ha 

HHXt 3a^aMy. ffojiojKeriHoe Binne yBasuBaerb, iro 15 ct. Bpeif. 
npaB. HMeHHO HBJiaeTca Tamnfx HeyAOBjeTBopHTejbHNM'b 3aso- 
homt, h bx cHJiy BToro, earn npH3HaeTca i^jecoo6pa3HiaM , B 
ocraBHTb BOJOCTiroft cyAt h TaRHM'B o6paaoin> flrfccBOJBBO mm- 
juohobi, HacejaiomHX'E Pocciio, hsmtb otl aWctblh odupni 
saKOHOBi, to npeACTasjaeTca KpaflHe HeotfxoAHMHM'b pe^a^ito 
ea h3m4hhtb h ycianoBHTL tohho noAcyAHOCTt rpasAaHCBHXi* 
KbjLb Bojocraoky cyAy. 

flfl BBe^eHia bt> ffiftcTBie BpeMeHHHXi* npaBHjrb 12 iioja 
1889 ro^a, BOJoeraoMy cyAy, na ocHOBame 101 cr. 06. hoj. 
6ujh noAcyjHti jhhihb MaiOBasHue npocTynEH, Hasasauia 3a 
BOTopue, wl BH^y 102 cr. Toro me noaoaema, ne iipeBuinajn 
mecTH flHeB oou^ecTBeniitix'L patfoTx, AeiieKHaro B3UCBama ao 
3-x r b py6jefl, apecTa ao 7-mh Aneff hot Hasasama po;sraMB jo 
20-th y^apoBi). Cx ns^ameMt-ae osHaneHHMxt npaBHJh yro- 

JOBHaa HOflCyflHOCTB BOJOCTHUXt CyAOBl COBepmeHHO JUM'bHCHa 

h kl B^AOMCTBy hxi» oTHeceHH hohth B&k cTaTbH ycraaa o Ha- 
Ka3aHiaxi, H&iar. Map. cyA. h lopncAHKitfa hxx cpaBHeHa cb 
ropHCAH^ieio aeMCKHXt HaiajibHHKOB'B h ropoACBHXt cyaefl, 
npH4eMi> KaKi bt> onpetfkieHiH noAcyAHOcra, xaKi h wl otho- 
meiuH KBajH^HBaiyif npecTynjieHiif nwh npeflimcaHo pyiiOBoj- 

CTBOBaTbCa 03HaMeHHUMT> yCTaBOlfb. TaKHMX o6pa30irb BOJIOCT- 

HUMt cyAWiMt, bt> 6o.ibiuimcTB'Ii cjiynaeBt, eABa yMiioupoit hoa- 
HHcaTb cBoe hmh, coBepmeHuo He noAroToweHHUMi ki> cyxeS- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 59 — 

CKOfl .yfeflTeJLHOCTH, npffXOftHTCfl npH paapimeHiH yrojOBHMx 
xkn> pysoBO^CTBOBaTBca onpeftfrieHiaMH ycTaBa o HaKaaaniaxi, 
o npecTynHHXx fffcficTBiaxx, npHM-fcHaTb rfe noaoaeHia 9Toro 
ycraBa, KOTopua qacro craBHJH bx 3aTpyAHeme jyqiiiHxx lopnc- 
tobx h Bti3BajH njhjuie (})OJiiaHTiJ TOJKOBaHift npaBHTeibCTByro- 
maro cenaTa. CtaeBHflHO, wa 3a#aia HenocmxHa cy#>fc-KpecTf>a- 
HHHy, BOTopufi, He CMOTpa Aaate Ha Bee CBoe seiame 6uTb 
lecTHHMx h Ao6pocoB , &CTHUM'b cynbeffl, He Moatera BX btomx 
eiynafe npoaBinx cBoefi •caMOcroaTe^bHOCTH, h6o He Moaterx no- 
HAT& rkxx npH3HaKOBx, kotopumh onpeflluiaioTca npecTyujeHia. 
Emj noHeBOJit npuxoxHTca nofliiraunxca pa3xacHeniaMx h toji- 
BOBaHiaux, Afe^aeMUMx bojocthhmh iracapaMH, BJiianie kotophxx 
fb 6ojif>inHHCTB4 &iy?aeBx, (faaroAapa hxx HpaBCTBeHHHMx na- 
*ecTBaMx, HanpaBiaeTCA He kx ocymecrBJiemio cy^a npasaro h 
MuocTHBaro, a HaodopoTX, cyja, npoTHBHaro npaufli, cy#a abho 
HenpaBacyAHaro, cyaa, kotophmx Hepfe/iKo 3aKOHonpoTHBHiaa 
riuHia, HHor^a jifijRe h KpaatH, npraHaioTca ne npecTyimwMH, 
a HeHCHOJiHeHie BaRofl HH6yui> hhcto rpaamaHCKoff cfffcaKH, hjih 
ynHHeHie ^fcaiiia He npecxynHaro, BaKx HanpHM'fipx, neynjiara 
bx cposx ^ojra, ocraBJieHie Ha hojocS .aairrefi h t. n. BJceneTx 
sa co<H)K) HaKaaanie. 3to Bjriame bojocthhxx nncapefi bx h6- 
Roropuxx M'fecTnocTjaxt Ha ctoibso pacnrapHJOCb, 4T0 ecTb aaate 
cyju, bx KOTopuxx cyjeCuuMH imcfe^aHijiMH pyicoBOflHTx He 
npejc&jaTejib cy^a, a bojiocthhc nucapa, KOTopue He mibieo 
XonpaniHBaiorb cTopoHii h cBHA^Tejiefl, ho fljhjL&wrb yitasaHia 
xa&e caMHMT> bojocthhmx cy^baiix *). 

HeBOJIBHO BOBHHBaeTt BOHpOCX, BX CHJy KaKHXX, HMeHHO, 

cootipaaeirifi KpecixaHe Hsxara otx xfcffcraia cyaa, cocroamaro 
kx jiofleif ex HaB^CTHUMX o(5pa30BauieMX h pyKOBOflCTByioma- 
roca 3asoHOMx h paaxacHeHiaMH npaBHTeabCTByiomaro ceHaia, 
noHeny oxpaiia hxx lecra, 3#opoBba h HMymecTBa Bceivfcjio Bpy- 
Haerca jnijaMx, ne tojibko He hm£h>h(hmx HHicaicoro pfcniHTejibHO 
noaaiia o 3aKOff6, ho aaae He Morymnxx, bx 6ojh>hihhctb4 



') Pycc&aa auiam 1893 roxa, M 310, uapKyiapi, OpjiOBcitaro rydepHa-ropa 
•eMctam> uaiaii>BiucaHi>. 



Digitized by 



Google 



4.^m 



— 60 — 

cjyroeB'B, ero nponecTB, h pyKOBOjHHjMxca fl cbohx'b pime- 
maxx He pa3tacHeHiflMH ceHaTa, a TOJiBOBaHuncH Boaocmaro 
iracapa. Ha btotb BonpocB wbrb orBfrra, rhm> 6ari*e, too 
ET&JH, KOTOpiia SaKOHOflaTMB CTpeMHTCfl ocynjecTBHTB, saKx ie- 
pest BOJiocTHofi cy#B, Ta»* h TOpesx cyfft, yipeaaeHHHi wa 
ApyrKX'L cociOBiff — oflfffc h rise. ctoa HeHopicajBHOCTB npn- 
SHaeTca h caMHsra KpecTMHaMH, BOTopue Hepi^KO, 41a Toro 

TOJBKO, TT06h H3MTB ^0 HSX HOJCyflHOCTH BOJOCTHHX'B Cy- 

AOBi npH^iraicrL m> pasHmrB yxH^peeLaMT>: Ta»B, saB^^OMO 
jokho aaaBJinoTB npa HanecemH notioeBi o Taaecra hx-l, npn 
spasaxfc — o B&ioMax'B, mh otrphtomx noxHmemH; bi» rpas- 
AaHCBHxi me fffcjiax'B yBeMiHBaiora ijtay ncita, He ywoaaact 
aaxe on ynjraTH cyaetfHiix'B nomxawb. BBjnoneme bi nojcya- 
hoctb BOJOCTHaro cyxa ffkix o Kpasaxt h HomeHmnecTB^ Ha 
cyMMy ao 50 pytfjieft, BH3BaHH06 acejameirB coKpamema yro- 
jiobhhx'b j4jix y seMCBHXx HanajBHraoBx, He icosen (Jhtb 
onpaBjtaHo, h(So ip$pa cyfletfrnHXi tffctfB y seMCKHXi HauiB- 
hekobx Ha ctojbeo He3HararejiBHa, no npeaoexaBJieHie hm* 
fl&TB o Epaaaxx h MomeHHH^ecTBi He noBjeiera HssaBoro &m& 
BssTb otfpeMeHeHia *). 

Bojocraofl cyffB da Kpa»H h MoraeHHHiecTBO iioaten npn- 
roBapHBaTL ofoHMeicaro kt> apecTy pp 30 flHeft h HasasaHuo 
posraMH ao 20 yaapoB*, Tor^a sasi MHHHMaiBHoe Hasasame 
aa bth npecTynjeHia no ycTaBy o HasasaHunra ecTB narropa 
whcsjtp, TiopeMHaro 8aMH)TOHia. TaBmrB o6pa30M*B KpecT&aHHH'B 
3a Kpaay mh MomeHHiraecTBO, yHnneHHLia mra bx npefffctaxB 



x ) Bb noxTBepxxeme Hero ccHxax>cB Ha onera o xforrexBHocTH scmckhxi. na- 

HaibBHBOrb H BOIOCTHHXB CyftOBB DO HOBrOpOXCROfi ryfepHiH, H8B KOTOpHXl BHXHO, 

tto wb 11-th ytoxaxs y 59 BeitauOT HaiaxBHHBOffB 6tuo jtojiobhhxi x&jb bb 1891 
roxy 9794; bb 1892 rojy— 8909 h bb 1893 roxj— 8237, a bb cpeiHem no 152 xiia 
bb rojc* y Rasxaro; bo bcbxb xe boiocthhxi cyxaxi ry6epma 6hio yroioBHHXi 
x*ib bb 1892 roxy—18594 h bb 1893 roxj— 18013, aai hhxi no npocryrataji* 
npoTBBi iy*oft coocTBeHHOCTH bb 1892 roxy— 8027 h bt» 1898 roxj— 2822, a scero 
5849, hxh 2928 xtia bb roi>, xaROBEM A*Bia, ecxH hit. nepeiaTB seMCiuiifB Ha^aiB- 
HHRairB, yBeiHTOTB hecio yroioBHuxi xbxb Bcero ToibKO Ha 49 asji,; 49+152=201, 
a 9Ta n^<fpa Ha ctoxbko ec3Ha^HTeiBea, tto Hflsaaoro o6peM6H6Hiii xm seiiCKiixi 
Ha^axBHHSOBi npexcTaaiATB He MoaterB. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 61 — 

BOJOCTH B UpOTOFL JHIja, HOABfeftOMCTBeHHaTO BOJOCTHOMyCyAy, 

uoffleiKBTb tojlso apecTy hjh HAKaaaHiK) poaraMH, Tor#a aaax 
8a aro-se npecTynieHie, ynraeHHoe rat npefffcxoB'B bojiocth, 
hjm xaae bx npefffcuaxt bojiocth, ho npoiHBi Mna, He nofl- 
Bi^oMCTBeHHaro BCiocTHOMy cyay, ohi noflBepraeTca TiopeicHOMy 
saKHOieHiio — pasraija bi HaKasama oneHB Bejua. nojoseme, 
oqeBHjpo, He BHaeparoaiomee kphthkh, nnymee bt> paspfet ex 
ochobhumh HftioareHiaMH cy#a h Aocraraiomee He oxpaHema 
npaB* co6cTBeHHOCTH cejbCEflxi. ofiuBaTejefi, a coBepineHHO 
npoTHBHux^ pesyawaTOB*. 3to yae bhojih* cosHaHO HcaiiHHH 
KpecTBjraaMH, soTopue co BBejjemeirB aroro sasoHa, He pasi 

BUCKa3UBaJH CBOH R2Ul06u Ha TO, HTO Kpa&H yBeJIH^HJLHCB H 

no hmx vb Hacroan^ee Bpeita, flja oxpaHenia CBoefi cotfcTBeH- 

HOCTH, npHXOAHTCH name npHtf&raTb Kb 3aMKaM*B H Kfc TOMy 

noAo6HHMrb sanopaMi. #a oho h #£3cTBHTeJii>HO npeflCTaB^aeTca 

HenOHHTHHMt, HOHCMy HMeHHO HMyiH,eCTBO ABOpflHHHa, CBHII^eH- 

raaa hjh Kynn,a, Bume^inaro <5ojn>meio toctbh) hsx Toro me 
EpecTMHCKaro cocjobla, jhd,i>, o6jiaffaiomHx , b Hec.paBHeHHo jyq- 
mmcB MarepiaiiHHMi ofieaneTCHieMi, oxpaaaeTca aaKOHOMx 
cipose, HemejiH wiymecTBO BpecTMHHHa, aBJiaiomaroca ff> chxx 
Bopi» rjiaBHuifB njaTejbm l RKOMi> no^aTefl h OTt faarococToaHia 
soToparo HecoMHifiHO saBBcnro h djiarococToanie Poccin? Ho- 

TOMy HM6HH0 Bpasa HJH MOHieHHHTOCTBO, COBepmeHHHH Bt TO- 

porf*, Hyx^aiOTca b% 6ojr£e CTporoiix HasasaHin, Heaean co- 
BepmeHHua b% cejEBcrax* MtCTHOCTaxi, h HaBOHC^x, noiexy 

BOpi> H8*L He KpeCTBflHX, HJH BOpi EpeCTMHHH'B, COBepfflHBHliS 

spaay btb ropoffb, Tpefiyen (Jojuunaro BOBHea^ia 3a yraHeHHoe 
mr& npecTynJieiiie? OnpasxaTb BBefleme noaotfHaro nojosema 
xesaHkirb co*paTHTi> h 6ea% Toro He3Ha^urrejbHoe ibcjo yro- 
jubhuxx pfarb y aGucxaxb HaiaafcHHBOB'b He jaerL eme npaBa 

C03A*BaT* CTOIb HeHOpMaJBHHft HOpHflORfc H HBOJHTL Bfc Cejfo- 

«y» SHara, MK* BupasHJica Bt CBoeMt OTHeri oahht> hsi 
soMCRixi aanajiLHHKOFB HOBropoACROi ryCepHin ^coBepmeHHO 
HenoHaTHoe Hapo^y noHarie, tto yapacTL caateHL ^poBi Bii 
-rtcy ropas^o xyate, h4mi 50 pytfjieft y coci^a". 

^iMx cKopie ffkaa o apaatax'b h MomeHHH^ecTBi Cy^yrL 



Digitized by 



Google | 



— 62 — 

iteMTH wl noflcy^HOCTH bojocthhx'b cyflOBt, rbwb CKOjrite <$y- 
jerB ocymecTBjeHa Bucoqafimaa Bora, BupaateHHaa bx yxaab 
IIpaBHTejiBCTByiomeMy CeHaTy 12 iiojui 1889 roja 06% oxpa- 
HemH tfesonacHOCTH h npaFB Hacranxt jhu.'b b-l cencsinrB 
jrficTHOcrax'B. 

3aKOiii> AOJffiem> 6htl JorHneHt n nocjijOBaTejeffB. H 
pasi BpeMeHHUfl npaBoia o bojocthomt> cyji npraHaiH, hto 
itpama h MomeHHHiecrBO Ha cyiocy jo 50 py&iefi noacyflHH 
BOJiocTHOMy cyay, to Kasoe-me 6hjo ocHOBame hckjothtb hsi 
9Toft no^cy«HOCTH ojHopoflHoe npecTynjeme — npHCBoeme n 
pacTpaTy, npe^ycMOTp^HHyio 177 ct. ycT. o Hanas., rhwh 6o- 
jrfce, vro wl caMOMx TeKcrfj 17 ct. Bp6M. npaB. roBopHTca o 
no^cy^HOCTH BOJiocTHOMy cyay Kbjrb o npncBoemH qyataro iray- 
mecTBa. JJfaa, 3th npraHaBaracB aaae nojcyflHHMH bojocthom) 
cyny, ^6ficTBOBaBraeMy Ha ocHOBamn nojoatema 19 $eBpaui 
1861 ro^a *)• 

YcTaHaBJiHBaa noAcy^HOCTb a&tb o Kparci hjh MomeiraHHe- 
ctb4 BOJiocTHOMy cysy npn ycjoBin yTOHema TaKOBHX'B wb nep- 
Bufi mh bo BTopofi pasi, BpeneHHtiA npaBH-ia BOJOCTHOOT 
cyj* He onpeffijiaioTB caMaro noBurria noBTopemn h BCjrtjCTBie 
aToro Bonpoct o tomi, hto cj&Kjem cwraTB HOBTopemeifB: 
yqHHenie-JH npecTynjema nocai cy.ua h HaKaaamfl aa npea- 
mecTByiomee npecTynjieme, hjih ate coBepmenie HOBaro npe- 
CTynjenia, saKx to npHSHaHO 3aKOHOM* 3 ^espaja 1893 roja, 
nocjrt npoB03rjameHifl pesoJioi^H cyja no nepBOMy npecryn- 
noMy xhnmjo. — ocTaeTca otkphthm'b. 

TocyAapcTBeHHufl cob-Stl, npn pa3CMOTpf>nin BpeMeHHLrxx 
npaBHJTL, npH3HaJn Heotfxo.KHMHM'B o6asaTB BOJiocTHHe zy&u (ct. 
35) npn paspfcmemH jsjkn> o npocrymtaxfe pysoBOACTBOBaTBca 
npaBHjaMH, HMoaeHHHMH bx h , 6botophx'b CTaTBHXx otfnjaro 
nojiojRema ycT. o HaRas., Haaar. MHp. cyn., npHieMx 14 ct. 
hckjtohhjtb, noTOMy BOJOCTHHe cyflN He Moryrt HpHHHMaTB Kb 
cooCpaaenie HaioaeiiHuxi Bt Heft noaoaeHift. 9epe3i 9to bo3- 



*) Fbrneme yrojiORnaro Kaccanionnaro jenapTaifCHTa IIpaBRTejiheTByiomaro Ce- 
Hata 1879 roja Jfc 67. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 63 — 

HHTtaerL Ha npaKTHKft rocnojCTBO jByx«B coBepmeHHO pa3JiH?- 
hhx*b nojosemfi o noBTopemn npecTyraemfl: okho — ftia bo- 
locTHaro cy#a, a apyroe — &w seHCKHX'B Ha^aibHHBOBt h ro- 
poACKHXt cy^efl; bi o^HOifB caynai noBTopeme flymen* jivum> 
npH yHHHeHiH npecTyraema nocjii cyja h HaRasama 3a nepBoe 
npecTynjeme, a bx apyroiTB — yraHeme HOBaro npecTyraeHia 
toibko no&iii cyaa, a He HaRasama; ycTaHOBjeme ate TaRHx* 
jpyxx noaaTifi o noBropemH npecTyraenifl He Hirfiero HHBaRoro 
lonraecRaro ocHOBama. 

Othoca kb noAcy^HOCTH BOJiocraaro cyja npocrynBH no Ha- 
pyrneniajfL ycraBOBt: CTpoHTeaBHaro, nyxefl coo6w,em& h nosap- 
Haro,Ho6a3HBaa cyffB,npH pa3piuneHin othxx #fcrB,npHTOBapHBaTB 
BMHOBHLixx Kb HcnojiHeniK) Toro, hto hmh ynynjeHO, BpeifeHHUfl 
npasHJia He roBoparB o toitl, tto hmchho aojurho cjy»HTB 
ocHOBameMt Kt onpefffoemio b*b xaHmixi ciy?aax , B noxcyAHOCTH, 
Be CMOTpa Ha to, ito bto onpeff&neme, 9Ta rpam> npejCTaB- 
jaerca RpaffHe Heofixo^HMoio ,pa npaBoiBHaro HanpaBjeuia rfmb. 
Bonpo€i> aTOTt bt> jraTepaTypi (Shj'b saipoHyrB tojbro jmhib 
bb pysoBOxcTBi kt» n^Ewhnemso bojiocthhmh cyaaMH yciaBa 
Hasasamax'B, cocxaBJieHHOMi mhoio cobm^tho cb 0. M. JIhx- 
TeHnrra^roM-B, Torja Rasx bo Befexi* ocTaiBHiix* pyROBOflCTBax'B 
owb o6ofifleffB MOJraameM'B. Hpe/uoateHHoe ate b*b 03HaqeuH0Mi> 
pyiOBOjCTB'h pa3iacHeHie 7 cocToanjee bx tomx, hto noaotfHua 
xljia noxcyxHii BOJiocTHOMy cyxy Toraa tojbro, Ror^a nsxepsRH 
Ha Hcnpa&seme hjh caoHRy He 6y,KyrB npeBBunaTB 300 py6- 
lefi, npe^CTaBiaeTca eflHHCTBeirao bo3mo»hhmi fl BHjy Toro, 
tto B^AOMCTBy BoaocTHaro cyaa Ho^cyRHH TaatCw h cnopii bj4- 
hok) #o 300 pyfaeft. Hpn toitb, 9to pas-LiiCHeme BUTesaerB 
usi noaottemfi, BMCRa3aHHux , B yroaoBHiiifB BaccaipoHHBUfB je- 
napraifeHTOirB npaBHTejbCTByiomaro ceraTa b*b pfememH 1871 
roxa J6 985. 

Ha ocHOBamH 1 n. 1 7 ct. BpeM. npaBHjrB, BOJiocraoMy cyny 
noxiesaT'B Taitate #&aa o Hapymemn pa6o4HMH .noroBopa Haft- 
Ma, 3asiK)HeHHaro 6e3i> xoroBopHaro ancTa, Hejo6pocoB , 6cTHOH), 
no nojyqemH sa^aTRa, HeaBKOK) Ha pa6o™, hjh caMOBOjBHUM'B 
yxoxoifB cb pa6orL 6e3i> OTpadoTKH 3aCpaHHLixi> Bnepe^ js&- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 64 — 

Hera, sa ?to BHHOBuue nojBepraDTca onpeflfcieHHOiiy naxaaa- 
mio. Btotb saEOHt coBepiueHHO hobhA, He npejycaiOTp'feHHHft 
hh ycTaBOMTb, hh yxoa&emeM'B o HaKa3amaxi, BireBaxx hocbo- 
etf HeTOHHofi pe^aKi^H iiaccy HejoyirfiHift no Bonpocy o toitl, 
o Hapymemn Basoro mieHHo aoroBopa xirmaro naftua, bi> HeMi 
roBopHTca, h6o sbmuuIL Haeira Moasert 6htb axa yaiyra h pa- 
60TB, npeiHycMOTpfaHHXt kb 2201 ct. X t. 1 h. h yxaaaH- 
hhxi vb noJiaseHiH o Haibrfi Ha cexBcaia padora t. XII, h. 2 

CBOAa 3aK0H0BT». IIO (SyKBaJTBHOMy CMHCXy OSHaTOHHOtt CTaTMT 

ho^b floroBopaum Ha&ca cx^jyera npasHaBaTB xoroBopu js,jl& 
orapaBxeHix Bcaaaro po#a pa6orc> h joxsHOCTei, He Bocnpe- 
meHHiix'B aaEOHOMi, Baax HanpHM f fepi>: fifla joMamHHXx ycxyrt, 
xxx OTHpaBjemi 3eMxe#fciBTOCBHX , B, peMeoiesHMXi) h saxoxcBHX'B 
pa(5oTL, ToproBuxt h npouxi npOMHCJOBt. Ho, ^onycTHBx no- 
jotfHoe ToxBOsame, OB&KeTcx HeotfMCHmrairB, no^eMy km6hho 
sa&OHS oxpaHaeTi othitb nyreirB HHTepecH toxbbo BpecTBXHV 
3aBO,pHB0Bi, ToproBD.eB'L h t. n. h OTBasuBaeTca oxpaHjiTB Tasie 
se HHTepecH xhi^b xpyrnx'B cocxoBifl? Ilo^eny mteHHO Baparexb- 

HHX MtpH HOHaflOtfllXHCB TOJIBKO OTHOCHTeXBHO BpeCTBOTB, Hfr- 

pymHTOiea aoroBopa, h oxa3axHCB hsxhiuhhmh b-b OTHomeHiH 
HapyniHTexei pafmiix'E hsx flpyrnx'B cocxoBiit? OneBHx&o, aa- 
boh* se mofb coa^aTB noxo6Haro neHopitaxBHaro noJoxeHia, 
noieiiy no^x aotobopoifb H&fiMa patfosaro, o BOToposrt tobo- 
pjBrrcfl bs n. 1 cr. 17 BpeM. npaB., h cxi^era noApasyjriiBa/Eb 
BcsxiowrexBHo toxbbo eexBCBHX'B pafioinxi; ho nofljofooe m- 
KOBaHie Moasera hm4tb irfccTO toxbbo npn 6oxie Torooft pejjax- 
ijm aroro sasoHa. KpoMi Toro btotb 3aBOKB macecr* enje h 
bx cxfcxyiomeirB: npn saBofi cyMirfj sa^aTsa hxh sadpaHHuxi 
BHepe#B fleHera, Hapymenie aoroBopa Haftsca cocTaBxaerB npe- 
CTynxeme. Otobhaho, b% BH*y 15 ct. BpeM. upas., ho bobA 
BOxocraoMy cyay noflcyflHH cnopH h tsl2B.6u i$hoi& toxbb© jo 
300 pytixett, i^&aa aa^aTKa hxh safipaHHuxx Aeaer* ne xoo&Ha 
npeBumaTL 300 py6xe8, a, ycTanoBHBx vaxoe noxoaeaie, •ba- 
serco, oto HapymeRie pa6o^HMH ^oroBopa nafiMa up« noxyie- 
aiH sanaTBa hxh apn 3a6op£ fleaerB MeHie 300 py6xei 6jffirb 
oocraBXflVB npecTyoxeme, HOAxesan^ee yrojroBaofi Bapi, ror^a 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 65 — 

bote coBepmeme aroro me fffcjraia, npn yaioBw noayneHia bt> 
3aAaTOKi> hjih satfopfc Bnepe^B 6ojBmefi cyMMH, 6yflerB flfcjiHiearB 
He npecTynHHM?>, He Ha*a3yeMmrB h BJieBynjHM'B 3a C06010 
iHini* rpasxaHCBifl nocjit^cTBiH. 

Ha ocHOBaHin 13 ct. speM. npaB., tfraRafimift HHenocpea- 

CTBeHHHfi Ha^SOpt 3a BCtMH BOJIOCTHHMH CyflaMH 36MCKarO 

ywcraa Boaaaraefca Ha Micraaro seMCsaro HaiaJBHHEa, ho 
8TOTL Hajpop'B, (Saaroflapa 20 ct. BpeM. npaB. h ijHpKyjiapy hh- 
HHCTpa BHyrpeHHHX'b fffcrB J6 26, 1891 ro.ua, ^bjul&£Csl Ha 
ctojbko orpaHH^eHHUM-B, hto, He CMOTpa HHor«a Ha Bee aejariie 
Hcnp»HTL ^onymeHHoe cyflOMx Hapymeirie, ycTp&HHTB ofaapy- 
seHHoe jranjenpume, seMCBie Ha^&iBHHBH 6uns>JOTb nocTaaaeHu 
its He9B03MoaHocTB 9to CfffeiaTB, h6o piineHk BOJOCTHaro cy^a 
ho rpaa^aHCBHMx h yrojOBHO-^acTHHMx ^aro* homhmo »a- 
io(Sh B*HHTepeeoBaHHHX* otij'b, He Moryra 6htb npejCTaBJieHH 
&b yisxHiifi CBfotfB #ia ohiShh, sa HCBJKraeflrieM'B rfexx ***&, 
b-l bohxs Aonyn^eHO CM-fcmeHie rpaawaHCBaro h yroJOBHaro 
opOHBBOACTBi. EtarfcflCTBie OToro pimeHia no hoao6hhm , b fltjiaMi, 
abho HenpaBOcyflHiia hjh noCTaHOBjeHHiia no rpaamaHCKmrt 
giuaira, He H0jB$#0MCTBeHHHM , B cyjy, bojl CBopo ohm tie 06- 
aujoBara, ocTaroTca rb corf. 3eMCBie-«e Ha*a*BHHBn orpaHHHH- 
b&totm JHfflB HajioaemeMi Ha cy^efi 3a noaotfHHe npnroBopH 
afliMHHCTpaTHBHiixi B3HCEamfi, tto, wb cboh) o^epe^ He yiyn- 
maerL ff&ia) a coBepmeHHo odesjnraHBaeTO cyffB, ymraToaaa 
ero caMocrofl^sBHocTB. HejB3fl se vb caMOirB jsjbxk ociaBHTB 
tojbbo tto cosftaHHidt BOAOCTHofi cy^x 6eQ% Hax3opa h npejo- 
craBHTB eiiy, cbjohhomy si jnnjenpiaTiio h noTBopcTBy 6ojtke 
cu&hhmi h CoraTHMt, nocraHOBJWTB pimema, Kama BsayMaeTCH, 
Hepiwto b* HapymeHie ochobhhx'b nonffrift npaB#H HCnpaBe#- 
xbbocth. HejB3fl aonycraTB, mto6m ho«o6hh« pimeHia, Kara 
He o6x«JiOB»HHMja yHacrayrommiH jihij&mh, BCiynajra bt& sasoH- 
HyD CHJiy. Heo6xo^HMO sa sthmx enje Maaoj&THHM'B cyjoMt 
y^pexHTB A^icTBHTeiBHufi naflaopx, npH soTopoirB npe^CTaBJia- 

JIOCB 6h BOOTOifcHHM'B BC* HOflOtfHlM BOnilOH^H piffleHM yHHHTO- 
SaTB H BO3CTOH0BJHTB HOHpaHHyH) HpaB^y. A 8T0 H0S6TB 6HTB 

XQCTHTHyTo 4inmB npn ycAOBM npe^CTaBJieHia jran,ain>, Ha^8H- 

s. DpilA. 0614. KH.vu 1895 r. 6 



Digitized by 



Google 



'I 1 



— 66 — 

pamiuHMi) sa bthipb cy^OMt, npaBa onpoTecTOBUBaTt hoao6hu& 
pfonema. 

CorjiacHo 25 ct. BpeM. npaB., bojocthoA cyat piunaerb 
^a no cob4cth, Ha ocnoBamH HMiromnxca b% ffkjrfc #OKa3a- 
TaiLCTBT,. Ilpn piraemn Tsm&b h cnopoBx Meatfly specTBAHaMH, 
bt> oco6eHHocTH ate A , fcjr& o paajtfurfc KpecTMHCKaro HacjrfeflCTBa, 
cy#& pyBOBOACTByeTca m4cthhmh ofaraafiMH. Cmucjtb btoH craTBH 
yKaauBaerb Ha pa nyra flaa pftmema #fcjia: oahkb — oto co- 
b4ctb, ocHOBaHHaa Ha #0Ra3aTeiBCTBaxfc, a apyrofi — otfiroafi. 
EepBLiH nyTB ecTecTBeeno pflAMewb npHftr&HafBca npn phinenm 
yrojiOBHux'B flforfc, h nojofiHoe Tpe6oBanie sasoHa aBJiaeTca 
BnojH'fc npaBHJBHHMTb. BTopoft nyTB npeflCTaBjaerB TaRia 3aTpyj- 
neiiia, npeoflOjfcrB ROTopra He toxbro bojocthhitb cyxairB, ho 
yfeflHHM'B CLfeAaM^ h rytfepHCKHMi npncyTCTBiaMt npejCTas- 
jLaeTca He no caiairB, h6o Ta CTaTta, HCRjnwaa npHM^Heme 
bojocthhmh cyAaMH bx cbohx'b piineHiflxi> 1 i. X T. CBOfta 
aaKOHOB'b rpasAaHCRHxi, o^asuBaeirb ocHOBtraaTB pimema Ha 
o6hm&ax r b, npeanojiaraa, ito TaROBiie flMcTBHTejiBHO BupatioTa- 

HH atH3HiH). 

UoKb ofcrcaeifB cjrfmyerB pasyiriiTB Kara npHSHarorB HayKa 
h npaBHTaiLCTByiomifi ceHarL Bi) pimeHin ero no rpaatAaHCROMy 
^enapTaMeffry 12 aeratfpa 1878 ro.ua, TaKoe ropHflmecRoe npa- 
bhjo, BOTopoe He BHpaaeno vb saRonfc, ho soTopoicy hoctohh- 
ho noA^HHaiOTca jRHTeora h8b4ctho3 m4cthocth, npH3HaBaa ero 
X^a ce6a o6fl3aTejbHUM , b. TaKiocB o6pa30Mi> o6unafi jRHBera 
B7> cosHamn Hapoxa KaKt saROHx, ho aaROHx HenncaHHuft; bh- 
paataerB ero lopHflHHecRia noHATia h cayatHTB fpa Hero Hop- 
moh) rpajK^aflCBaro npaBa. Tojibro Tasod otfmafi h MoaeT-L 
cjysHTB ocHOBameMt ri cyaefiHOiiy piineHiio; npn oTcyTCTBin 
ate ero, ecTecTBeHHO j(0.hrhh 6htb npmriraaeaiH o6njie saROHH, 
onpe^iHion^ie ceMefinua h HMymecTBeiiHLLa oTHomema. Btotb 
BsriaA^ pa3,2^saeTca TaR»e h npaBHTejBCTByiommEB ceHaiOMx, 
ROTopuS enje bt> 1885 ro#y BHCRasajrB, hto bt> cnopHHX'B #&- 
jiaxi o KpecTumcKHX'L Haci^ACTBaxTb aojukhh 6htb npmrfiHfle- 
mu o6m;ie saKomj o HactffcflCTBi b*b rfexi> cjyqaax'B, Korja th- 
atynyiMHca He ysasaHO cymeerBOBaHie ofinnaa, hjh Ror^a ysa 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 67 — 

saHie Ha odurcafi 6yfler& npnaHaHo He AORasaHHEiMB (ptmeme 
9 aneapa JHs 3), ho TaicL RaR* ipTHpyeicafl 25 ct. BpeH. npaB. 
no#o<)Haro npaBa boaocthhmb cyxaMB He Aaert, to, oicbhaho, 
h npe^CTaBJAeTCfl Eeo6xo^mmwb ocTaHOBHTBca Ha paapimeniH 
Bonpoca o toitb, cymecTByiorB jh Me»Ay KpecTBjraaMH Tanie 
o6hmm y onpeA'iJUiionye hxb ceMefimm h miymecTBeHHHH otho- 
inemfl, soTopue moimh 6u cjyKHTB ocHOBameirB rb rpaaflaH- 
csoiiy npaBOcy^ho? Hh pa3y b*b Tewme Moefi 25-th jfrraea 

#b&TeJBHOCTH H BT> OC06eHHOCTH OB BBeflemeMB BpeMeHHUXX 

npaBHJB, ne npnxoflMOCB cjuimaTB otl RpecrBjmB upociCm o 
pas6op^ #&Jia „no ofiuiaio", canoe cjiobo, KOTopoe jma hhxt> 
h &JL& hxi» cyxefi vb 6ojbhihhctb^ cJiyiaeBi cobc^m'b HenoHjrr- 

HO. O6uKHQBeHH0 B&b npOCB6lI, KaKB HHCBMeHHHH, TaRB H CJO- 

BecHUH, HOAaBaeMiui KpecTtanaMH bb BOJOCTHue cyan, h ata- 
jo6u Ha pimema othxb cy^OBB, ORaHiHBaiOTca xo^aTaScTBaMH 
opiunemH ffijia „no saROHy", h jehhib H3p$xRa, 3a Bee Bpeica 
CJtys6u Moefi bb ynpesAemaxB, otfpasoBaHHHXB no 3aR0Hy 
12 iioja 1889 rofla, pasa #Ba, He (Joafce, npnxojpuiocB BCTpi- 
qaTBCH cb npocBfiaMH, bb rotophxb aaaBjaaocB xo^aTaiiCTBo o 
pastfopft A&ia no o6imK>, npiraeMB an npocB(fai npeflBflBja- 
jracB He caMHMH RpecTBOHaMH, a hxb noB'fcpeHHHMH, bb hhtc- 
pecaxB KOTopHXB pa3piuneme ff&ja no aaKOHy 6ujlo HeBtiroflHO. 
XoAaTaiiCTBO o paa6opi #fcjia no saKOHy, coBepineHHoe nenpn- 
irkiieme ofaraaa bojocthhmh cy^aicH t&xb yfe^OB^, cb roto- 
puMH mh4 npnniiiocB osHaROMHTBca, ncoMmee HenoHHMaHie 
cyABAMH flase caMaro BToro cjiosa h HeoflHORpaTHua aaaBJieHia 
mcB npn jhtihhx'l 6edMaxB o ueuwinm o6iJMaeBi>, yRasuBaro-FB, 
mto Mesxy KpecTBaHaMH, noAHHHeHHUHH BOJiocTHOMy cy#y, o6hh- 
hhxb npaBOBuxB noHarifi He cymecTByeTB '). 



*) Bi noxTBepsxeHie dToro c^arai) Heo^xoxHimiii y»a3aTB Ha ciiJAyDmiii, oco- 
oeHHO peMbetyuaft, ciy?aft. HoBropoAC&ifi yfrwBHfi rofoxbjpasroaTpHBajtxtaononpocb&B 
KpecTMHOKi* MapiH BjtaxHMipoBofi a Ebaokih JlyKHHOB ofa> yTBepxxeHiH hxt. Binpa- 
b&zi HaexixcTBa m> mcyniecTBy, 3awi)HaiomeMycfl H3t seiiJH, ocraBmefiCA no CMep- 
th Mysa nepBoft h 6paTa nocjixHefl Ky3Lnu JlyKHHa, rohmi 3awaAtJa JKeHa6paTa 
Ky3bMH JlyKHHa— HpHHa BacHJueea, nopy^Hii seiicROMy Ha^au»HHKy BiiacHBTb ny- 
Tem xoaoaflifl, saKofi hmchho bi xepeBHi Xavynaxi cymecTByeTb o6mafi othoch- 

5* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— *8 — 

3to OTcyTCTBie oforaaa 6imo 3airiraeH0 enje kommhcwo o 
boiocthbhi'l cya.ax'B, y^pea^eHHOf fb 1871 rofiy ft BHsnaHHOif 
eio .raroepaTypoiL Bhjo ycTaHOMeHO, *to BOjrocTHtie cyx*& ma 
Bonpoct, h4m» ohh pyttOBojCTBjTOTcn npH paspftmemH rpamjaH- 

CK&XB fl&TB, Hept^KO OTB^TOJIH: ^BMSI HHT6TO pyKOBOJCTBO- 

BaTBCfl He MoaeMt^ hh saRoeoirB, hh otfircaeM^ noTOKy mli 
jno«H TeMHHe, ppauorfe He otfyieHH) hh toto, hh jpyroro He 
8HaeMi> u , a ea Bonpocu ofa ofcrcaflxit saaBJMH, ito TaKOBuxi 
h4tx. (StypH. rpaffi^. h yro*. npasa 1874 r., Kt 2 h cytfetf. 
acypH. 1873 r., Ae 3). ^a h jMcTBHreaBHO) saria memo 
o6wibhil hoh&tui moimh otipasoBama y KpecTBJiH'B, ROTopmrL 
tojlko 19 <$mpoM 1861 rofla 6kih npejuocTaBJieHH npasa co- 
CTOflniii cBofio^HBixt cenosHxi otfHreaTeaett, KaKB .raraiia, TawB 
h no HMymecTBy, h ko? opwe jo aroro BejMKaro &x& Poccin flM, 
bx TeneHLH hotph TpesrB crojrfcrifi, HaxojMHCB vb KptnocTHofl 
30bhchmocth, Korja ohh HintaBoro HMym,ecTBa hit6tb neMorjH, 
He hm^jh npaea BCTynaTB hh bi b*bui joroBopHua OTHomeHia 
h Kor^a HMt easoHoirb h ofciiaewB 6wja botch HeorpaniraeH- 
Haa bojw noMin^HBOBt, KOTopiie nps btoitb cmotp^jblh Ha hhxb 
HC&ooHHTejBHO b*kb »a patkmyio CHjy> »e BarfeBinyio npaea hh 

MHCJHTB, HH lyBCTBOBaTB, HH SfeXftTfi* OlBBHAHO* HpH TaSOVB 

nojoacemH HHKaftifl o6uhhll3 upa*OBna hghhtui BHpatfoTaTbca 



toibho Hac^feAOBaaia ^oiopBMft, BHnwjumuni bi saatyBecTBO, b* KyoieHHoft h Haxfen- 
hoh hzi pojffreiefi seiui. Ilpe otomi *03HaHiH icicTHHe specmiHe THMo<J>efi AHjpeeFb, 
&BxaHii Epmhjobt,, ftacHjift UaBXorb h BacHiift AHjpeeBi> oTdsBaiHCL HesHaHiera; 
^aBHK& A*eac*eBi» nosasan, wo jflnepto nojfiaioti ayniyi) a He Hax$ibByi> aeiui>; 
Aopo$efi HHRoiaeBt, Baouift CeveHen h Biaanmip* BorgaHOBt oomchhih, no 
*o?epH, bhhjuj 3aMyan>, hh HajkiBHofi, hh syiraefi 3enxH He nojy?ai>ra; Bacuift $e- 
AOpOB* h AiescaHxpi E^bmobi: „y Kaauaro CBoft nopaxoai/'i Bacarifi HaxoiaeBi 
06'uicEm'b: „Ha AepeBnt nopaxott p*3HdS* 1 ; 3hhobSh Hsanofil. tmwuttu*: „edH frt 
xhBKBJL'h ocraeTca, to eft aeiuH Hajueaurn., a ecjra Buixen aanyarL, to eft seiun 
He Haxo ( '; IlaBexb ^exoposi o6mchhjt., ^to syn^yv seitoo nojyHaerb ao^, ecjra He 
BHfixerb 8anysi>, bx npHxaHoe sewn fte nOiy^aen*; JlaBpeHTifl BjaxHMiporb nosa- 
aaji, vto AOiepH Rymceft seiUH He nory^aDrt, a HajfuiHyi) zeuix> noiy^a»n,, eciH 
oh* a*bhhu h xpyraxi RacrB^HHROBi h*ti; Ahtohi Hb*hobt> noKaaai^, nova eon 
chhobba, Kyn^aa seiux mi, a ecjra h*tb, to xo^epmn; CeMeH* ^exopom o^txo- 
Hiui, hto xo^epH noiyianrb semoo, Korxa h*t* cHHOBeft, a Aiescfcft ^KHTpieBi 
noRa38jn>, wo floiepH Kyiraeft seHiB He namyn, a ecm Banpyn 6paTM, to He 
3Haert san. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 69 ~ 

He Morjg, 060 au o^paaoBamfl vx% Heo6»AHMo, too6u Hapo#% 
sgj|% CfucocToareiBHo ? hto&i owl cai«b, a He bto jurifo apyroii 
ycrana&iHBajrB K>pH,iWie<jBia OTHomema. 3th yciQBia ajui sere 
HacrynujiH tojbko cb 19 $eBpaj£ 1861 ro^a, sor^ obbhco- 
th jipecToia pasflarac* »ejwaji oiOBa: »Oc4hh cetfa BpecTHNM* 
3HaM^HieMi> npaBoeiaBHjrt najKWB h npraoBH c& H*mh Bowie 
faarocaoBeHje Ha tbo4 CBotfoflrafi Tpym, sajiorb Tsoero AOMain- 
hato (wraronQJiyHia h diara odmecTBeHHaro". dwvh toxbbo cbo*- 
6qahuA fpya* AauteH'fc ^uji-l nocjywm ocHOBasieMii jl% 
pasBftriio o&rarax'B noHjmft, BOTopaa, otobwho, *& otojtl 
BopoTKifl, cposi, k*kb 30 jrfira, BupatfaTaTKJi He MOrJH. 

H3JiQ*eHHoe yitaaHBaeTB Ha najHyio neHopMajBHOcn> 3&r 
KOHa, |[3o6paKeHHaro b$ 25 ct. Bpe*. npaB., ofcaHBax>- 
maro BoiqcTHue cyjpi pa3p*maT& bc* cuftpn h mk6h 
Ha ocgopaoiH HQcymecTByiomaro nojoateHia h repeal bto 
BHoepmaro wl nocTaHOBMemig pfcraeaia Ta&oft npoHSBon, 
Koropyfl b% fffcjpfe cyxa m HOTB&rk 6wb TepniMt. 9ts 
HeHopMaj^HOCT^ saitfraeHa h npa*HTej*CTiyH)QiHM<b Cenar 
tom*, wropiiit b* pimeain cbosm* no o<Jme*y cotfpaHiio 1 u 
BaccaitfQHHHXfc flenapTaMesTQW 1893 ro.ua aaJHs 33, aonycBaa 
npHMiaeaie bojocthumh cy^aMH hohatui o wbhoctb, BNcaa- 
saxB, ,^to npa paa6»paTeji>cTB4 rpaawWKBX'B aJltb bx bo- 
jioamuwh cy^as* ne icoryrB 6nm ycTpaiuieim h nocraHQBJie- 
ma rpwy^cEHX'BBaROHOB^^, 3w HQCTaHOBjeHi* rpa»flaHcraxx 
sagoaoBx, sa»x noKaawBftflTB bcc H&ioaegHoe, se tojbko me 
AO-ishh 6htb ycrpasu^HU, a s&nponiBi> ohh miBBO h aojubhh 
cjjjBJsrb ocHOBani^Mx b* paapimefliio ecix* cnopoB* h tje*6*, 
h6o tow TOXbto 6yfprb no40^eHi> KOHeip& npoH3BOjy h (Jea- 
npwro, ppa3a cejttCKHXfc o6uBafexefi Cy^yn* oxpaneHtt h gaap- 
Wfl Ha* hhx* tfyfler* hm^tb bo$¥0$hqctb npH^earb Boaie 6ja- 
ro^ioBeme h* cbo6qahh$ cboJI rpy^. 

Ha ocHOBaHiH 29 ct. BpeM, iipas. pfememji wjocmaro cy- 

W Kp9BQAATC0 BT> HCUOJJEfiHie B04OCTHWM^ WapniHHOft, KOTOpufl 

npu otojcb pyBOBO^CTBy^Tca npaBHjiaiCH, coxep^anwuica Bt 
npw^WWH 3 51> ct. 24 o6m^ro no^o^eHi^ »pecTBAQa^ 9 

BHIHefllimX'L WT* BpijIOGTHOfi BftB^CHMOCTH, Bt HpQJOJBaHiH K1» 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 70 — 

ceify npnirfraaHiK) h bi ct. 126 noJOxeHia o BtiByirk SasoHi 
9toti, HCHufl upH otfpamemH B3ucBaHia Ha flBHanMoe Hiiyme- 
ctbo, fltjiaeTca HenouaTHUMi, eojib CBopo B3ucBauie otipanjaeTca 
Ha HexBHSHMoe HMtnie, npHHaftiesan^ee otb^t^hky Bxnojrayia 

COtfCTBeHHOCTb, TaBl BaBX BOSHHKaeTL BOHpOtfb TOM'S, EOMy 

HMeHHO BOJiocraofl CTapmHHa ROJURewb nanpaBHTB cocTaRieHHyio 

HMT> OHHCB HeftBHRHMarO HM4HLH H Tfi$ TaBOBOe AOJUKHO HpO- 

AaBaTbca. Bonpoct 8T0tb boshhetb enje bi 1887 rojyH Tor*a 
IIpaBHTejibCTByK)in,ifl CeHarc> no 2 flenapTaiieHTy, Bnpejb ao sa- 
KOHOflaTejBHaro paapiineHia oHaro, BHCEasajifc, 4to npoaaata 
He ( nBH»HMHX , B HMymeerKb KpecTLiiH'L Ha uomwraeHie BSHCRamS, 
onpe^'&ieHHUX'B pimenkMH bojocthhx'b cyaoB* Moaterb 6utb 
npoH3BexeHa nojtm^edCKHM'B ynpaMemeMx no upHMineHiio kt> 
ct. 1401 h 1402 t. X, h. 2, H3fl. 1876 rofla (14 aHBapa 
1887 r. J6 100). Ho TaB* sasx bto onpefl&ieHie cenaia CBoe- 
BpeHeHHO He (mujo pacnytfjHBOBaHO, to fffeEOTopiM nojHijefl- 
CRia ynpaBJieHk noxotfHux'b npoxasi He npoHSBOjarB h, py- 
KOBO^CTByacB n;HpKyjiipoM'i> MHHHCTpa BHyrpeHHHrB pjkrb orb 8 
aBrycTa 1891 ro#a & 32, npnsHaiorb, ito TasoBua aojubhu 

UpOH3BOAHTbCfl HpH yfeflHNX'b CbfoflaXt yfc3flHHMH UeHaMH 

oBpysHHXx cyAOBX, KOTopue wb cboh) onepe^b, no spafiHefi 
wbpb, wb OBpyrfc HoBropoflCRaro oBpysnaro cy.ua, bthtb jt$jn> 
Kb CBoeMy npoH3BO^CTBy He npHHHMaHyrb, hcxo#i hsx onpefffc- 
jema oKpya&Haro cy#a, npnsnaBmaro, coiuacHO npHBeAeiraoMy 
Bbime pa3uicHeHiH) ceHaTa, hto no&o6nu& npo#a&H ao-hehh 
npoH3BOAHTbca npn nojnn,eficKHTL ynpaaaeHiaxx. 

Ob TaKHirb pasiflCHemeATb npaBHTeibCTByiomaro ceHaTa He 
npeACTaBJiieTca bosmojrhhmi coraacHTbca no cafcayiomHirb co- 
oCpaseHum^b: Ha ocHOBaHin 398 ct. ycr. Baa. ceji. (t. XII, 
q. 2), eciH XBHSHMaro HMymecTBa Ha yAOBJeTBopeme osaaBeTca 
HeAocTaTOimiMfe, a y 0TBiT?HBa Hir&eTca sptnocrHoe He^BH- 
SHMoe HMymecTBO, to o npoAaati onaro, jyia nonojineHiii rjbi- 
CKaHia, HCTei^-L Moserb npocHTb bt» yfea^HOM-b cyjfc, npeflcra- 

BHBT> BOHilO Cb HpHTOBOpa CeJIbCEOfi HJIH BO.IOCTHOfl paCHpaBU, 

bohmt> B3bicBame npHcy&xeHO, KOTopufl h A-kiarb pacnopase 
pie o npo^ajRi onHcaHHaro Hiriraia. Ob yHHiToateHieM'b yfc#- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 71 — 

101X1 cyjOBt h co BBe#eHieMfe ra ffiflCTBie cy^etfHHXt ycTaBOB* 
HimepaTopa AjescaHApa II, o6asaHHocTH hx-b nepe^aHbi MHpo- 

BUMl CyflMMt H HXTb (TL'fo^aM'B, npHTCMX, COMaCHO 159, 1094 

h 1133 ct. ycT. rpaaw. cy*., HeABHatHMM awkmn, oi$HeH- 
hhh mate iwthcotb py6jrett, npo^aioTca npn MicrHpirB MHpo- 
boitl cxfeA* h bc* pacnopaateHia, Tpe6yjDwt& cyAefaaro no- 
CTaHOBjeHifl, b'b ciuy 1134 ct. Toro ate yciaBa, a^^otcs He- 

npeM*HHHMH MeHaMH CBfo^a, H TaKl BaBB B'B MiCTHOCTflXI>, 
Kb BOTOpHX'B BBeAeHO HOJIOateHie SeMCKHXX y^aCTKOBHXTb Ha- 

?ajttHHKaxx, bc* o6a3aHHocTH HenpeMiHEincB ueHOB'B c^fe^oBt 
MHpoBHXT* cyaefl B03J0»eHu na yis^HMXt MeHOBi oapyatHaro 
cy^a (77 cr.), to ohcbhaho, tto Ha hx'b ate o6a3aHHOCTH AO-ratHa 
jeataTB isns&e h npoAaata He^BHanMHXt Hirfraiif no pimeHijra'B 
bojiocthhxx cy^OBi. Kpoirt Toro 29 ct. BpeM. npaB. HeR&erb 
oTB^Ta em,e h Ha cafcAyioiiufl Bpaitae BaatHiifi Bonpoct: BaBHUB 

nyTeM'L BpeCTMHHHl, npHSHaHHLlft BOJOCTHfclMT) CyAOMfc co6- 

CTBeHHHBOMi H3B*craaro HeABHatHMaro HMima, MoaterB TaBOBoe 
orcyaHTB hjih sajioatHTL? Bc£ aKTH o nepexoA* hjih orpaHHHe- 
Hin npaBa cotfcTBeHHOCTH Ha HeABHatHMua miymecTBa aojubhh 
6htb coBepmaeira BcerAa y HOTapiycoBt h o6pan^aenu no ct. 
157 noaoatema o HOTapia»HOft sacra, bt> BpfcnocraHe, npn- 
neM'B, corjaCHO 168 ct. Toro ate noaoatema, jihijo, OTiy»AaK>- 
ffl.ee HeABHatmioe HM*me hjih orpaHHiHBaiomee ce6a b*l npaB'fc 
nojL80BaHJa ohmm'l, aojhkho npeACTaBHTB AORasaTejBCTBa, 1 ito 
TaBOBoe npHHaAJeatHTTb eMy, BaBOBHMH AOEaaaTejiBCTBaMH, co- 
MacHO 1450 h 1642 ct. X t., Is. Moryra <5htb tojtlbo aBTH 
yKpinjieHifl am bboahhc jhcth, a He pfcrneme BOJiocraaro cyAa, 
Ha ocHOBamn BOToparo, bt> cany HSJoaeHHaro, Bpinocraofl anrt 
He Moaterb (5htb coBepmem. Mfffc MoryrB Ha bto B03pa3HTB 
yBasameifb Ha 91 ct. o6u\. hoj., ho bto yBasame He mojkcti 
6utl npH3HaH0 npaBHJBHHM'b, e6o no pa3 , BacHeHiK) rpa»A&H- 
csaro Baccan,ioHHaro Aenap'raMeHTa npaBHTejBCTByiomaro ceeaTa 
16 naa 1879 roAa JN« 357, bx BHHry, ycTaHOBjeHHyio 91 ct. 
otfm,. noa., MoryrB <5htb bhochmh rfe ca^jibh h o6a3aTeJBCTBa, Ha 
cymcy He CBume 300 py6., 3aBJiio*ieHHHaBpecTBaHaMH aaBTb Meamy 

C060K), TaKt H CB HOCTOpOHHHMH JUIIjaMH, flJIfl KOTOptlXt BH- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 72 — 

(Sop* nopaABa coBepmema bbtob* h AorowpoKb sasom npexo- 
cTaBHj-L cmwb * soroBapHBaionpMca CToponaM*; asm #e, so- 
TOpiiMH ycmmaaiHBaeTca nepexoA* MH orpaHHwme npana co(J- 
ctbqhhocth Ha HeffBHSHHiifl mritaia, aojubhh 6utb coBepmaejcu 
Bcer^a TiMX nopaABOMfc, BOTopuit ycraHOBJieEPB am hex* saKO- 

HOVB H CL CO6jQ0^HieiCB B06T0 CB£8aHa CBMBa ^feflCTBHTeib- 

hoctb ^orwopoB^ h cjd^jok^. 9totx npo6*JTB Bfc BpeMeHHHX* 
npaBfiiiax^ BWHyjpui'B KpecT^Ht, a&iaH)JHHXca ooticTBeHHBBaacH 
HeftBHffgMuxi ip$Bi# Bjb cwy pfcmeHia BOAOcraaro <?yAa, A-W 
OT^ysAeHia TaBOBHx* upH(>i»?aTB ro BHAaY& 4>hbthbhbix , b 06a- 
3are^LCTB^, BOTopwa swhwb npexcTaBJiaioT'B bo BanQsamK) h 
TM&Wh vyrewb, flOBOja Hi$Hie ao uyfamHOfi upoAa»H, nojy- 
wkkfb aira* yKpinie^ia^-flaH^p). HeAQCTaTOTOom 29 ct. BpeM. 
npa» t QTHooQxejBEo mcwxamw yroiOBrax* piweaifi BOjoeraaro 
cys* ^ipHaHwa A&»e mhhh$tpqm* BHyTpeHOTxi a*jtb, KOTopwft 
paaiacgHJit, tto ocywwpHHa upwoBopaMH bojocthhx^ cyawt 
jnma, naxoAan^eca bb^ npe^ioBt bojocth, aoj»hu (Jbetb aju 
oTffapria paKagaHja BHaHgaeMii Bt m&cto cyAa, iipHiero bx cpoKi> 
onpeffiiegaaro hm* 3aBJiK)?eHia criytyeT* sacwnaBaTB Bpeica, 
npoBeA^HHoe inch hoa*b crpaseg) h Bt nyTH. Bi 6oxBHmHCTBt 
cjy^aeFB cpoBB apecra, Bassa^eHHTO bojiocthhmh cywotH, oe 
npeBmnaDTB h^bosuhxi AHefi, a npn rtxi» tfaauaHX* paa- 
CToamaxx, Kaaia HMtioTca wt> Poccih, Q3HaTOHHu8 ijapKyjapi* 
nQBe^era jt% TOMy, hto ocyaiy^eHHHe kb apec?y oTtfyayrB cpoKB 
Hasad^Hia jwm wb Hawfe, mm b* ho*obhh$ syra, h tbkb aaa* 

BO BpQJta UyTH OH|| He MOryTL 6HTB OCB06(KBfleHH, TO HM1> H 

nppieTca HaxpmTBca jjo#b apecTOM* ao iqrafoma Ha whew 
Hasqaqema, wpps* wo cpo#& H&gasaHia yBeiHrarca, a otho- 
cbftosbhq ran*, apHcy^AeHHus;^ ei rfejecHOMy HaRasanijcv bto 
HaBasame 6yAera ycniepo npHeoeAHseHieMi bi OHOMy cogte^- 
sapi* nofft CTpaaeip kb Teqesin Bcero BpejeeHH, noTpedaaro 
Ha nepecwKy ero aTaraourB nopa^BOMx b% Micro cyAa. Ta- 
bhmi o6pa30vt Q^eBHAHO, oaHaieHHirt i^EpByjiapx toabo ooio«- 
hbutb nopaAOBi HCHO^mesxa npwroBopoB^ Bojocraaro cyAa h 

BBeJTB He OCHOBaHHOe HH Ha 3aB0H&, HH Ha CnpaBeAJMBOCTH 

OTareeme y^acra ocysA^HHaro yCHjeHieMi onpeA^aeHHaro eny 
HaBa8ama. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 73 — 

Ha ocHOBaoJH toA ase 29 cr. speM. np*B., ptoeaie, bo- 
hmx ofiBaaaeMHft npHcysaeH'B k*b T&iecHOMy aanaaaHUO, xora 
6u o6i CTopoHiz hsmbmh otk&3t> otb npaBa 0<)3Ba*0Ba?ia , 
Hcno-mae-rca He euaaqe, KaKt c& paap^meiria aeMcsaro Ha^a^L- 
HHKa, BOTopuft BnpaB* 3aM*H»Tb rfeiecHoe naitayame apyrHMfc 
cooTBiTCTBeHHHM^ B3ucKaHieMi>. jTijecHQe HasaaaHie, no cao- 
Bam npo$eccopa KHdaBOBCBaro, 6yayw BU3BaH0 »* shshh 
caMHMH rpy6iiMH jrhbothhmh HHCTHHBTaMH nepBotftiTHaro nejto- 
B^Ka, nowepatHBaeTca rpytfocrtK) ofimecTBeHHHX'B oTHomemS, 

pa6CKHMl» H HHBMeHHHMfc COCTOflHieM'B HapOflHHX'B MaCCl , TOC- 

hoactbomx npHBHjerifi h HaKOHen,t HHn^eHCBHMx BKOHOMireecKMct 

HOJOaeHieM'B H HH3BHMX HpaBCTBeHHHM'b pa8BHTieMl» 60JIMIIHH- 

CTBa". Oh* aBjaerca HaBaaameMi, He cooTB*TCTByiomHMi cBoefi 
ujhsa h noJKMRHTe-iBHO Bpe^HHMx, h6o oho npenaTCTByerb CMflr- 
qemio HpaBOBi Hapo#a h ho ROZBOMierh pa3BHTBca bx newb 
qyBCTBy necTH h HpaBCTBeHHaro ao.ira, KOTopoe cjiyanrB enje 
(farfce b$phok> oxpanoK) ofimecTBa ort npecTynaeHift, TfeMxca- 
Mafl CTporocTt yroJiOBHaro npecjrfcflOBama. Bcji^ACTBie cero, npn 
npHMtHeHin woro HaaasaHia, no MH^Hiio rocyaapcTBeHHaro co- 
Ffrra „»ejaTejibHO codiiofleHie bo3moshoS ocmotphtcjibhocth", 
TfeirL 6oj4e, ito oho, corjiacHO 114 ct. o6hj. hojl, coejHHeHo 
ct jnraieHieM'B H^KOTopuxx jhhhhxx npaBt h npemfymecTBi*, 
a HicesHO npaBa 6htb HstfnpaeMHMH b*b noneTHua hjh coeflH- 
HeHraia co BjacTBK) #ojurhocth (50 ct. yjoat. o HaKa3.), t. e. 
ci TaKHMH nocjrlflCTBiaMH, KOTopwa BJieKyT'L 3a co6oio (Sojrle 
cepBesHHa npecrynaeHia, no,pe»amia Bi^oMCTBy onpyatHaro cyaa. 
IIoOTOMy, npejCTaBjaeTca noaesHHM'B BsrjiaHyTB ocynjecTBH- 
jtoch jh Ha npaKTHK*fe o3HaneHHoe sesame FocyAapcTBeHHaro 
CoB^Ta mh ae fffrn* h Boo6me KaKt othccihcb Kt npe,a;o- 
craBjeHHOMy hmx npaBy 3eMCKie HanajibHHBH? Kfeb HMiromnxca 
CB$p$m1l bh^ho, hto wh 1892 rofly Bt TBepcsofl ry6epmH 
bojocthhmh cyflaim 6hjio npHTOBopeHO kx rkiecHony HaKasa- 
Hho 879 jhivb, 3aMiHeHO ate bto HaKa3anie jthhib 270, cjt&- 
^OBaTeJLHO B3i> ocyatfleHHiix'b tfojrfce flByxx TpeTeft 6hjo Ha- 
KaaaHO poaraMn; npHHeMt 9Ta3aM4Ha b^ h^rotophx'l yfe^axx 
(BsmH6B0iV0ip(QKi h KainHHCBOMt) flocTiraJia jkhhib 15°/o, 



Digitized by 



Google 



*z rr 



— 74 — 

•roraa Kara Bt ^pyrnxt (PateBCBOirB) floxojiua flo 95°/o 
(BicTHHB'B EBponu 1893 roja, Jfe 11). B«l HoBropoflCKOin> 
yfefffc bi> 1892 ro#y 6hjo npncyatfleHO bojkocthumh cy^aMH 
kt> riuiecHoicy HaKasamH) 149 jehdcb, a 3aif&HeH0 9to Hasasa- 
flie JiHinb 37 .imjaMx, cjrfc#oBaTej&HO tfojrfce Tpext qeTBeprefi 
im> ocy^eHHKX'L 6lijh HaBaaaHH poaraMii, npn^eMt 9Ta sa- 
Mi>na BupasHJiacb no yiacTKaM'B wb cjrfeayiomHX'B ip<J>paxT>: 



yiacTBH 3en. Hai. 


OcyjueHo. 


3aMiueao. 


3 y?. 


9 


— 


1 yn. 


41 


7 


6 yn. 


39 


3 


7 yi. 


16 


3 


2 yi. 


10 


2 


5 yn. 


12 


i0 


4 yn. 


22 


12 



3a totb ate 1892 ro#L bi> HoBropoACKOMx yfcjtHOirB 
cxfe^i 6ujio paaciiOTp^HO 33 A'kia, no kohmt> 40 jhiji Cmjia 
npnroBopeHH bciocthumh cy^aMH kx rkieciiHM'L HasasaniaM'b, 
n no 9 A'fejaM'L bi OTnomenin 13 jmixb npnroBopu 6wm yr- 
BepatAeHH, a no 24 a&iaM'L, othochtcjlho 27 jih^, h^boto- 
Pmmt> rfejecnoe Hauaaaiiie 6hjto saarfcHeHo, a nfcROTopuji 6uavl 
onpaB^anii. 

^tjia oMBinia bx pascMOTpimH eBfefla, no poxaifL npe- 
CTynjienifi pacnpe^JMiOTca orfejijiomHM'B otfpaaoM*: 

OcRopdjieme cjOBaMH h ^-feficTBieMx 9 

OcKopCjieme aen^HHi 8 

Kpaatn 7 

ByflcTBO 3 

OcKopfaeme aoj^hocthlix'l jmu.'b 2 

OcKopfaeme po^mejiefi 1 

CaMoynpaBCTBO 1 

TToKynica Kpa^enaro 1 

Hapymenie aoroBopa jiniHaro aaflMa 1 

UpiiBeACHHUJi BLime AH^pu, KaK* coBepmenHo b^pho aa- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ■ 75 — 

irfcqaeTB aFropx BHyTpeHHaro o6os]ykmsL m> B4cthhr1> EBponii 
sa 1893 ro^B Jfc 11, yKa3HBaHyrB: „hto liara Jierne aencBie 
Ha^aJBHHBH xonycBaHXTB rfuiecHoe HaKa3ame, rfeM'L qame oho 
HasHanaeTCfl bojtocthumh cy#aMH. Otckwi tojtbko oahbtb man 
AO npe^noJioseHiH, mto BOJiocTHue cyw, pacroqaa riurecHBia 
HaKa3aHifl, mh, Haotfopora, B03#ep»HBaacB ovl hexx, #fcfi- 
CTByrorB, bx SHaraTejBHoft CTeneHH, nofl-B npaMHMt hjh koc- 
BeHHHMt BjiaHieMx seifCRHX'B HanajbHHKOBfc. E^Ba jh, nanpn- 

Mipi», MOSHO 0#BaCHHTB Oiy^afaOCTBK), HTO Bl PffieBCKOMX 

yfe^fe, r#fe npnroBopH bx rkiecHOMy HaKaaaniio hoith HHKOiyja 
He yTBeps^aiOTCfl 3eMCEHi£H HaiaJBHHKaMH, ohh nocTanoBja- 
torai HpesBMHaflno ptflKO, Tor#a sasx vb yfe^axx Bunme- 
bojoipcomi, h BiuseipwMi 0Ba3HBaeTca Hafl6ojn>inee tocjo, Kara 
cocToaBfflHXca, TarcB h yTBepsA6HHUX , B npnroBopoBL BToro po.ua. 
He MoaterL 6htb, ?to6h bi yfes^axx cocfcarnxx h nocTa&ieH- 
Ehcvb vb coBepmeHHo oAHopoxHUfl ycjOBia, TaKOMy pa&uraiio 
penpecciH cootb^tctbob^uio pa&iHHie Bt HpaBaxt Haceaema; He 
Moxert 6utl, hto6h kb B*»eipt0M'L yfcfffc hhcjo aarpy6fciBixx, 
HcnopHeHHuxi> jnoAeft, na BOTopuxi Moaerx noaMcTBOBaTB 
loiBBO $H3H?ecRa& 6ojb, 6u.io bx 10 pasi oojibme, niMx bi> 
HoBoropacBOBTB, bx 128 paax 60-iBffle, t&m , b bi> P»eBCKOMfc a . 
Ho Before ufawarbj <)eibiiihm'b b% paacMOTp^Hiii HoBropoflCKaro 
yfojHaro CBfe^a, bojocthumh cyxaifH m> cbohxt> p^ineniax^ 
ee 6u.io npHBe^eHO mothbobt*, noc.iiyaRHBniHX'B ocHOBamaMH wb 
npHM^HecdH) rkiecHaro HaKa3ama, npnieMx TaKOBoe HeptflKo 
aa^HanaJOCL He tojlko npn HRJumnocm yMenbinaion^Hxt BHHy 

ofiCTOflTeJBCTBX, HanpHM'&P'B, npH COSHaHiH, npH flOtfpOBOJIBHOM'B 

B03BpamemH noxHm,eHiiaro h t. h., ho flaa&e h npn oTcyTCTBin 
yiuKx, noffraep»flaK)npx , B otfBHHeme, tohho Tanate Kara h 
3encBie HanajiBHHKH, npefleraBJiaa msmo6u ocyaMeHHincB ra 
rkiecuoMy HaicasaHiio h xo^aTafiCTBya o(fo ocTaBJieHin TasoBKixi 
6e3i nocjA^CTBifi, m> 6o.iBmHHCTB$ cjcynaeBfc He hphbo^hjih 
ocHOBaHifi, no kohmt> ohh nojiaraJiH 6u yTBep^HTB dTO uaKa- 
3aHie. 03JioaeHHoe h caMufl npoi^eHTB OTM'fiHeHHHX'B b^b Hob- 
ropojCKOMfc yfe^HOM^B c^fe^i TfejiecHHX'B HaBaaanifi flaeTi, 
npaBo yTBepat^aTB, hto Toft ocMOTpHTeaBHOCTH bx npHM^HeHiH 



Digitized by 



Google 



-^ 76 — 

rfriecHaro HaaaaaHia, o Koiopofi BiiesasaiCA rooyxapcTBeHHufi 
Cob&tx, Ha eaMOM^ pfaA h&to, a hto Mipoio HaBaaama ab- 
jiaeTca He coaianHoe npecTynnoe A*fiHie, a jh?hh# Barjuwb 
Ha rtiecnoQ Haaaaame yqacrKotaro aeMCBaro Ha^aJBHHBa, Ba- 

BOBOft, OHeBHXHO, He AOJJKeiTL 6u4t 6tl HBCfcTB BX AHHHQM'L 

cxyqa* hhbbbofo Bjiaaia. 

Kara Cy^edHHe YcTaBM HMnepaTopa AjeKcaHjpa U, 
Taa^ h npati&ia o npoHawWTBi* cyjetfimxs fffo^ ycTanaBM- 
Baiora jpa nopaflRa otfas&iOBaHia nocTaHOBOweMiixx nparoBopoBt 
h ptmemft: anejuaitfoHHHfl h saccaijioHHLit; *e»xy t%mi> 
BpeMeHHbia npaBwa o bojoctoomx cyflfe, coe^aaa wxt, bbo 
Kara coBepmeaHO hobhSb npHTOMt Bpa#He opwHHatoHHft, He 
oeHOBaHflJutfi Ha HayTOHXT> noaoaeHiaxx, nopaws'B o<$»a*OBamfi, 
hjih Bass BHpajBaerca 89 ct. nojoat. o 3en, ywr. Baiaa., 
nepecMOTpa p'fcmeiiHfcix'B bojioct^limh cyxaMH fl$n>, OiHoca 
work nepecMorp* ki> B$#6Hii) yfe^naro ci/fc^a, 31 ex. BpeM. 
npaB. M€a»xy rlmx roBopHTt: 3esceBifi HaHajBHHBx npejerap- 
jui€ti> yi3^HOMy c&fefly: 1) saJtotfu no flliuairfc o rfcx** npo- 
CTynjux , L 7 sa KOTopwe bhhobhuS nparoBopeH^ ex apeovy na 
BpeMa cbiioiq Tpex'i flHeft, jhi6o kt> rtaecHOMy HaEa3aHijo, 
jih6o Bt jeneatHOMy BsucBaHuo CBmne nara pydiefi, a Tamae 
no cnopaMi h Ta»6aict, no botopwm* npHcyatjeno (forte 
30 py&ieft h 2) aajEo6w ua bc$ npo^ia pbmeHia b'b tomi> 
ciy^ai, ecjiH ohh nocraHOBJienH a* uapymeHieir* gpefffejOB* 
Baaexn cyaa hjih OBasH&awrca &bho Henpa»oeyjgmMH. TaBmc* 
oCpaaoM*, jonpeRH npHBeaeHHoif 89 ct. nojw». o 3eit« ysacr. 
Haiaa,, ycTaHaBJiHBaiOTB Bpoirt yfexnaro c&feaa eme HOByio 
HHcramjiies a hmwho 3eMCEaro HanajifcBHBa, Boxopoiiy 9 jr* 
era npaeo aek »ajK>6H no a^aM* o npocTyosax*, aa boto- 
pue BHHOBHwit npHroBopeHi to apacTy Ha upeya He CBHwe 
Tpex-B flHefl, m6o bx aeHejRHOMy B3HCRaHi*> He CBHjne nwn 
pytfjieft, hih »e onpaBflast, a Taaae no cnopaM^ h i«3B6aM'E, 
no BOToptiM-B vb hcb* oiBaaaHO, HJ9 npHoy«fteHO Menfee 30 
pyfijiefi, ooTaBJWTb 6wt> upexcTftBJieHia b^ ytepflult erb1®Kb, 
kojb cKopo ohb npHasaeTO, wo eyx^ne aapyirawB npwkiaro 
bjibcth h nocTaHOBHJi ifpaweyxHoe p^meme. Ufflh *ajio£ofl 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 77 — 

Ha cyaetfboe pimeme pasyttfcfcTca cpe^CTBO 3amHTH, npeaocTaB- 
jiaexoe aaHHTepecoBaHHofl cropofffc, HeflOBOJiBHOfl onpefl'fcjreHieM'B 
cy#a, h npe.n'BaBJiaeMoe cyaetifioay whcry BHcmeft deneHH c% 
rkwby HTo6m o&KajiOBaHHoe prfcmeHie 6hjio orortneHo h nocTa- 
HOBjefio HHoe, <5ojrf>e CjiareApiaTHoe ?m npocHTeaa. OSHaneH- 
Haa-ike 31 eraTM b% Hfeotopuxx cjiyiaax-B, BBrtSpaHHux'B co- 
Bepme&Ho hpohsbojibho, wo npaBO cropoffB orpaHH^HBaerB. 
#a h ^tficTfeiiTejLHO bx CBJty KaKHXx HMeHHO coodpaatemii 
onpaBaaraiBiraft npuroBop'B, hjih npnroBop'B o(te apecrfc He 
CBHine Tpex*B flHefl, o mTpa^ He CBHme narn py&iefi, hjih 
pfaneafe, bohitb OTKa3aHO fit hck*, hjih npncyaWHO Menfce 
30 py&frefl, fio^eauiTB oSfleajroBaHiio bt* MeHBnrax'B cjcyiaaxi, 
Heataan Bck apyrie npnroBopH h pimema; no?eMy hmchho 
odBHHHte^B hjh nctfeivB bo bchkomx cjiy^ai* Moryi*B otfatajiOBaTB 
npnroBopx hjih piuneme, eohmh oSBHHaeMoe map npacyaweHO 
kb ttrrpB^Y vn> 6 pytfjiefl, hjih npncyajeHO cb oTB-frrqHKa 31 
py6a&, a onpaBjpiTejiBHBrft HpHTOBopx hjih frifcmeHie o#b oTKas-fc 
fb acirfj fia cyMMy 300 pyfijieft HarfciOT'B tipaBO oCatajroBaTB 
-iHHtB npn yofOBin upHaftama npHroBopa hjih pfcmema co cfo- 
Pohh 3eMcKaro Ha^iajiBHHita hbho BenpaBOcy#HHMH, hj*h no- 
craHOBJieHHuSH cb HapyinemeM'B npe^OBX BJiacra cy#a. Hh- 
Basifl pimnTejLHO cooGpajKema, hh lopHflEraeciria, hh sHTefi- 

CKia -8T0W) o<5mchhtb He MOryTX H eCJIH HM&IOCB B% Bttj^y 

yMeHBmeme racaa fliurB btb yaffil** GBfetf&t, to He npo- 
nje mi 6uao ycTaHOBHTB ,pa nopaflBa #jia otfataJiOBattia pfene- 
mft boaocthhx'B cyflOB'B: anejuiaHiofcHtift h KaccartfoflHiifi wb 
npe^aaxi, yKasaHHHX^B 90 h 206 ct. npas. o npoH3B. cya. 
lte» a se too^HtB Tanoe HeHopMaiBHoe nojsomeHie. 

^fl&IO flfljJTB Bfc yfeflHHX'B fcBfeflaX'B ^aJieKO HeJIBSa HASBaTB 

o6peifera*ejiBHHM , B, b^ noflTBepaweme nero ccnaajocB na owbtb 
tto Hoflropoflcfcoft ryfiepmH sa 1891 roffB, H3*b Aotoparo bh#ho, 
*rt> nocTymuio bx cBfe.HH B* osHa^eHHOM* ro,ny »cero 6923 

flfcaa, HS'B HftX^B, BOSHHErnHXl y 3ettCBHXfc Ha^aJIBHHKOB'B — 

2185 h B03HHttnnfx* kb bojtocthbix'b cy^axx— 4738, np«eMx 
bto tocjio no yfe^aM^ pacnpe^Jtaerca cjrfcayiomHM'B o6pa30itB: 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 78 — 



Ha3BaHie ybajoBi. 


OCmee nocxytueiiie jrfun.. 


3. H. 


■ B. c 


OrapopyccKifl 


1197 


417 


780 


HoBropo^CKiff 


365 


374 


491 


KHptUMOBCKift 


529 


233 


296 


BopOBHICKia 


1002 


205 


797 


T IepenoBen,Kia 


758 


200 


558 


BajflaflcKifl 


396 


169 


227 


Biji03epcKia 


332 


156 


176 


THXBHHCKitf 


357 


153 


204 


KpecTei^sifl 


429 


100 


329 


YcTioacHCKiit 


298 


92 


206 


JI,eiuiHCKifl 


760 


86 


674 



TaKHMt ofipaaoMt tojtbko bx flByxx yfoflax'B CTapopyccKoirc 

H BopOBHHCKOM'L TOCJIO ff&JTB ()UJIO (JOJT&e 1000 Bl TOffL, Bl 

*ieTupext ytepflXb 6ojrfce 500 #*£*&, a bx nara yfeflaxt He 
^ocTHrajo #aate 500. HeHopMaitHOCTB 31 ct. BpeM. npaB. co- 
;maeTCH piinHTejBHO bc&mh 3eMCKHMH Ha?a#BHHKaMH, ROTopue 

Hep^AKO ,pa TOrO TOJLKO, 1T06h flaTB CTOpOH'fc B03MO«HOCTb 

o6»ajOBaT6 pimeme BOJiocraaro cyaa, MOTHBHpyrorB cboh 3a- 
mmema o HenpaBOcyflHOCTH TaRHHH coo6paateBiaiiH, KOTopua 
cymecTBeHHaro aHanema hm^tl He Moryra, a o^hifb msi CLfe- 
AOB* HoBropo^CKofl rytfepmH aaate xoflaTafiCTBOBarb o6t hs- 
M'feHeHin 03HaneHHaro Binne nopa^Ra otfawmoBaHia pfcmeniii 

BOJOCTHHX'B CyflOBl. 

Past acajotffc aaH*& xo^-b, yfeflmiff CBfoffE, coiuacHo 32 
cr. BpeM. npaB. o boj. cy/$, OTarikHaerB piraema, nocTaHOB- 
jeHmia ct HapymemeMt noflcyflHOcra, a no ocTaibHmrB hjh 
ocraBMeTt wb chj& piuneme BOJiocTHaro cyaa, mh nocraHOB- 
jiaert Hosoe piimeme no cynjecTBy, hm me nepe^aerB pfcxo 
vb flpyrofi bojiocthoB cy#B am noBaro pascMOTpima h pkme- 
Hia, npHHeMt coraacHO 99 ct. nojoac. o seai. ynacr. Haiai., 
npn pascMOTpimn TaitOBuxx atajofo flMcTByerb Ha ocHOBa- 
Hiaxi, onpe^enHux^ BpeMeHHUMH npaBHaaMH o bojocthoitb 
cyflfc b«b irtcTHOCTaxx, bx KOTopuxB BBe^eHo cie nojo»eme, a 
no 128 h 236 ct. npaB. o nponsB. cyfl. K&rh, flMcrByerE 



Digitized by 



Google 



— . 79 — 

npeir&HHTejrBHo k% npaBMaarL, HSJoaeHHHMt bx XII oijifkae- 
hih II rjiaBBi h VIII OTA'kieHiH in rjaBH npaBHJTb o npoHs- 

BOACTB^ Cy^efiHHXl ffijt, nOAB$flOMCTBeHHim> SeMCEHMt Ha- 
^aiBHHBaMl H rOpOACKHM'B CyffflMt, Bt KOHXt HlfklOTCa 117 

h 224 ct., roBopanjia, hto pastfnpaTeJiBCTBO fl-fcji'B bx extant 
npoHSBOflHTca rfearB ace nopaflBOMt, KaKT> y seMCKHX'B naiaJB- 
hhkobt* h ropoACKHX'B cyxeft. TaRHMi o6pasoM% cocraBHTejiM 
speMeHHHX'b npaBHJB o bojocthomx cy/$ yeraHOBiuH ,pa 
c-i/toja jpa, BsaHMHO flpyrt apyra Hcmnoiaiomie, nopa,pa pfe- 
meHiff /cfeji'B BOJiocTHaro cy#a: bx oflHOMt cjynai pfcmeme a&i'B, 
Kara csasaHo fb 26 ct. BpeM. npaB., no cobBcth h otfHHaio, 
a bi jpyroMt — Ha ocHOBamn CHCTeMaTHHecKHxi, jopHjnqecKHX'B 
Hopm o cyfle6Hiix , & ^dcTBkxx, HanpaBJieHHHxx kt> samwrfc 
npaKL, no,pepnnHXCa Hapymeniio h Bonpocx o tomt>, kotopijmt> 

HMeHHO H3TB HHXX Cjfe^yeTL pyKOBOflCTBOBaTBCfl OCTaeTCfl OTBpH- 

tbhtb, ho Taxx Kara srhshb He mjsfiTb oTB^Ta h Tpe6yerL ho- 
iie^eHHaro BOSCTaHOBJiema napymeHHaro npaBa, to CR&3AU, 
no KpafiHefl Mipi HoBropoflCKofl rytfepHin, h BBUiyayjeHEi 6hjih 
pasp^maTB sajofoi Ha pfcmeHia bojocthhxx cy#OKB no yro- 

•lOBIIHM'B ff&JaM'B HC&IlOIHTeJUtHO Ha OCHOBaHiH BpeMeHHuxi* 

npaBHJix, a no rpaa^aHCKHMX flijiairB, bx rtxi, cjyqaaxx, 
sor^a BpeMeHmifl npaBHja He jifmrb HmtaKHX'B yKaaaHifl npH- 
wknsTb cooTB^TCTByionya CTaTBH npaBmra o npoii3BO ( ncTB r k cy- 
f t e6wax% s&n; Tara, HanpHH^px: ct. 33— o ^h* HCBa; 43 h 
44 — o&b OTcpoHKi pa86npaTejiBCTBa; 54 — 68 — o flonpocfccBH- 
A&Tejiefi; 71 h 72 — o nojjroraxx; 74 h 75 — o npH3Hamn; 
77 h 78 — ofo ocMOTpaxt; 91 — o pascpowt npncyafleHHofi 
cymmu h 95 — o BaoTCOira pfcmeHiH, h6o bt> b'b hpothbhomi 
ciy^at npnxoAHJiocB 6u cbmewl ctfe^aMi ycTaHaBjiHBaTB H3- 
f6cthh£ hopmh *ia nponsBOflCTBa js$jn>> ito, OHeBBfflHo, cyay 
He MoaceTx 6htb npeaocraBjeHO, Taxi Kara ^tmbhoctb ero, 
cjiyaianjaa ra oxpaHemio npaBx h saKOHOBi, otfycjioBJHBaerai 

H3B^CTHUHH HOpMaMB HJIH npaBHJiaMH, yCTaHOBJieHHMMH 3axo- 

hoicb, h xoTfl Mhhhctp^ BHyTpeHHHxi. Jifan* ippKyjapoMx 
1891 roja, J& 41 h ^ajt 3HaTb, ^to hh o^aa mb CTaTeft 
ycraBa rpasK^aHCKaro cy^onponsBOflCTBa He Moaera 6htb npa- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 80 — 

snaHa otfaeaTeiBHOK) &&& Boaocraaro cy#a, ho Thm> He nenfce 
oh* ate BHHyajeHi (hurt b* nppKyjiap* otb 1890 ro#a 3a 
N° 44 pacnpocTpaHHTE Ha bojocthh© cy#H jjfcifcTBie daiefi 
Toro ate ydaBa h npaBHJTB o npoHSBOflCTBi cynetfHHxx flkre, 
onpe^'kaaiomHX'B hocjtIactbui ftfta ff&JTB HeaBBH HCTija h otb4t- 
raita, o6BHHHTaia h otiBHH&eMaro. 

HopjiAOK'L paspimemH cfcfe.naifH rpaaajaHCRHX'B j^ura bo 
jtocTHaro cyaa, coraacno 25 ct. BpeM. npaB.> t. e. hocob^cth 
h BHyTpoHHeMy ytffcamemR) Ha ocno&amH KaKx nncBMeHHHxx 

^OAA3OTeJIBCTBTb, H CBHfl&TeJBCBHX'B noKa3ama, TaKX paBHO H 

BC'fex'B flpyrax'B, BHTeKaion^HX'B hsx #£jia hjh mriHomnxca bte> 
pacnopjtofcHiH cy#a flaHHHxi) BH3Ba*TB b% Hapofli noamift xaoc-b 

Bfc HpaBOBHX* HOHflL'riaX'B, HOCTaBKB-B ClASffl B*B Heo6xOflHMOCTB 
HO HBB'feCTHHM'L fl&UaSTB flOHyCKaTB T*Klfi flOKaeaTeJIBCTBa, SOTO- 

pan no vfafb ate fffcaairB, ho pfcmeHHHMfc He bojiocthhmh cy- 
AaifH^ 6e3ycJHOBHO huh ate OTpnijaiOTca. Taws Hanpmrfepi: no- 
tomJ HMeHHO &b oahom-b caynaii bi noflTBepatjeHie Ka&oro-jra^o 
flojtra m« ynaaisi no OHOMy flonpanmfeaiOTca CBHff&reaH) a 
bi> apyrotfB, npn coBeprflenHo offHHaKOBtix'B ycjoBiaxx, CBHfffc- 
Tera He #onyc»aiOTca, a TpetfyioTca maTOAHHo AOKyMeHTii; ho- 
ieMy HtoeHflo Kyiien,^ hjm xbophhhhx ff)xrb euj specTBflHHHa 

HOateTB XORa3UBaTB CBHff&TeJMMH, & BpeCTB&HHH'B Wb HO^TBepflt- 

flerrie flaara eiiy Bynija uxe ABopflHHHa aorateri'B npe#CTaBftTB 
neHpen^HHo pocHHCRy^ 668% ROTOpofl eiiy Bt hck% OTKa8HBaerca 
* BHCTaBJieHHHft HMt qiumft pa#B CBHx^TewieS odaeTca HeflO- 
HpomefiRitMX? Ha ocHOBamH 129 h 237 ct. npto. o npoHSB. 
cy& Kb&T>> Ha oKOH^aTeaBHHe npHTOBopn h pimeHia yfo^Huxi 

CB*3fl0tfB, 3a HCBJHOHOHieiPB fffcjTB 3eMCBHXX HaHaJBHHKOBl H 

ropoflCKitifc cyaeft, pascMOTpfcHHHX'B cxia^aMH b* saccai^OH- 
floMTb HopHflE*, ^onycKAiOTCfl BaccaijioHHEra atajo6ii BfcrytfejfH- 
CBOe npncyrcTBie, a corjiacno 4 n< 98 ct. hojos. o 3eM. yiacT. 
he*., nocraHOMeHia yfesflHaro c^fe^a ho awuio6aM'L Ha ptine- 
hut h npHroflopH bojocthhx^ ey^oB*, noftieatan^k nepecMorpy 
cxfe^i ? no^HTaioTca OBOHqaTeJBHHMH h nofljeatarB HcnojHeHiio. 
TaKHMt ofipaeowB, o^hepb sasonx nocraHOBJiflera, tto Ha p4- 
ntefiia ctfo^a no ff&x&Hi bojocthhx* cy^oBt uotesbo aaJOBaTtca, 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 81 — 

aapyroft HaoCoporB roBopHTt, hto raajioBaTBca HejiBsa, nnpej- 
nHCHBaert HeMe^JieHHo hphboahtb bx ncnojraeme nocTaHOBJieH- 
HHe npnroBopH h piniema. CnpaniHBaeTca, kotophmx hbx hhxx 
cjfe^yerB pyEOBOflCTBOBaTBca? OrafeTa Ha btot^b BonpocB h^ttb. 
B*b CHjy BTOro, bmIjcto aaKOHa, aBJiaiOTca TOJiROBaHia rytfepH- 

CKHXT, npHCyTCTBift, KOTOpHfl, OHeBHflHO, 3aM'&HHTB 3aKOHl He 

Moryrs, h6o HiKOTopua ry6epHCKia npHcyTCTBia, Kara, Hanpn- 
irfepB, HOBropo^CKoe, npHHajH b*b ocHOBaHie 129 h 237 ct. 
npaB. o npoH3B. cyfl. KhjLT> h npH3HaHyn>, hto Bcfc p^mema h 
npHroBopa cvbsRQB'b no ^hjaMX BOJOCTHaro cy#a Moryrt 6htb 
otfxajoBaHH bt> KaccaijioHHOM'B nopaflK*, Torja KaicB apyria 
npncyTCTBia MorjiH npnflTH k% coBepineHHo nporaBonojio»HOMy 
saiuioHeHiio. 

Ha ocHOBamH 33 ct. BpeM. npaB. bojiocthoA cy%b HasHa- 
qaenb 3a nojcyflHHe eMy npocTynKH: 1) BiiroBopN b% npncyT- 
CTBin cyaa; 2) aeHe»Hoe B3HCKaHie otb 25 koh. ao 30 py6.; 
3) apecrB flo naTHa,maTH #He#, npocTofi hjih cTporifi, a HHor.ua 
*a»e jo TpHflijaTH flHeff, h 4) jinijaM'B, He H3iaTHMi otb rfe- 
jiecHaro HaEa3aHia, HaKasaHie poaraMu %o .pa^a™ yaapoBi, 
h corjacHO 34 ct. rfexi jse npaBHjrB, onpefl'fejiaeT'B 8th Hana- 
saxria 3a no^cy^HHe eMy npocTynKH „b% Mtpfc npe^ocTaBJieH- 
, Hoft eMy BJiacra". 3to noariflHee Biipaateme, HeToraoe h He- 
acHoe, BU3BaJio Ha npaKTHK* Maccy HefloyMimifl bx tom*b cmh- 

Cjrfj, HTO OCTaBHJO OTKptlTHM'B BOHpOCB TOMt, B* KaKOft HMeHHO 

Mipi BOJOCTHofi cy#B HasHaqaeTx HaKaaaHia, t. e. b'b M^pi jih, 
bo BcauoM'B cjiyiai He npeBHmaiomeft onpe^eHHyK) b% ycTaB* 
o HaEasamax'B, H&aar. MHp. cy#., hjih ate b-b Mtp^ no CBoeMy 
ycMOTpiHiio, 6e3^s erkcHema paMKaMH, ycTaHOBJieHHMMH b^b 03Ha- 
qeHHOMi ycTas*. BcjilyicTBie 9Toro H^KOTopue BOjrocTHtie cynu, 
noHaTHO no jKasaHiaM^ aeMCKHX'B Ha^aJiBHHKOB'B, npn onpe^fe- 
jemw HaKa3aHia aa cy^HMHe hmh npocTynra, hhckojibko He 
crfecMiOTca rpammaMH HaKasama, ycTaHOBJieHHHMH ycTaBOMi 
o HaKa3amaxi, h HeptflKo b*b rfcx^ cjiynaaxx, Kor.ua no ycTasy 
Bucmaa Mipa apecTa 7 ^Heffl hjih jeHeaHoe B3ucKanie He CBHme 
AecaTH hjih ja»e MeH'fee py6jieft, HaaHauaiorB apecT'B jo 15 
KHefi hjih jeneatHoe B^HCKaHie jo 30 py6jiefi; Tor^a KaKi jpy- 

x. »pa*. 06m. rh. vii 1895 r. 6 



Digitized by 



Google 



5T- 



— 82 — 

rie cy#u, pyROBOjcTByacB pasMCHemaMH yia^Huxt CBfejOB*, 
nocTynaKvrt Haotfopora h npn npHMtaemH H&Basamif ne bh- 
xoxflrL H3x npe^OBi, onpe#£jieHHHX'B ycTaBOM*. Ob nepBMirL 
TOJKOBaHieMx e/MBajra mojrho coraacnTBca, h6o npn ohoitb aa 
H^KOTopne npoerynEH, BonpeKH itfuui saBOHoaaTeaa, HaBasaHi*, 
onpe#kiaeMHa bojocthbimh cyxaMH, 6ypyrh crpose HaBasanitf, 
HasHaHaeMiixi 3a rfc »e caMHe npocrynBH 36mcbhmh HanaiB- 

HHKaMH H rOpOACKHMH Cy^BflMH, H RpOMJl Toro, caMH cyjBH <$y- 
Ayrb vb A^BcTBHTeiBHOCTH jiHmeHH Bcasofl onopu bi> Butiopii 
HasaaaHia hsb TOCia yBasaHHHX'B bi 33 ct. Bpeif. npaB., to- 
pesx hto HeMHHyeMO cosaacTca cyaeftcBifi nponsBOJTB, CTpanmo 
onacHHfi Aia rpam^aHt. Bx cuay dToro cocTaBHTeJH pyBOBO*- 

CTBa Wfl BOJOCTHHXX Cy^OBt, Bfc TOMt HHCjt H MHHHCTpi 

locTHi^iH H. B. MypaBbeB'B, BHCBa3a*HCB npoTHBi) noAo6Haro 
TOJBOBama, Tor#a saKi MHHHCTepcTBO BHyTpeHHHX'B ,2^rb, Hs^a- 
Baa c6ophhki> yaaBOHeHifi o KpecTBaHcrax'B h cynetfHHX'B yvpeat- 
jemax'B, o6pa30BaHHMxi> no saKOHy 12 ima 1889 ro^a, Bonpese 
XII Bucogaflme yTBep»#eHHaro 12 iiojw 1889 ro^a MHiHia 
rocy^apcTBeHHaro coB^Ta, Bonpoci 8x011 0601010 MOj^ameMi. 
He npeflocTaBa&a BOJiocraoMy cy,ny npaBa pyBOBOflCTBOBaiBca 
16 ct. ycT. HaKa3., naaar. MHpoB. cy#BaMH, BpeMeraHa npa- 
BHja t6mx He Mefffee bo 2 n. 37 ct. roBopairB, mro coBepnraB- 
rnie h^cbojibbo npocTynBOBi, Boiyja sa Baaypift hs* hex* b% sa- 
koh1> onpe^&reffB apecrB hjih (faifce cTporoe HaBa3aHie, Moryrs 
6eltb noffBeprnyTH rfoecHOMy HasasamH), ho tomx, sasoe Ha- 
BasaHie aojubho 6bitb onpeft&teHo BHHOBHOMy bi> y^HHeHin nfe- 
cbojbehtb npecrynjieHifl, bojb CBopo cy#B He npH3HaerB Hy»- 
ehmx npHcyat^aTB ero bi rfuecHOMy HajaasaHiio, hjih KorflaoH-L 
3a saa^oe m% 8thx*b flftiHifi npHcyameHi kt> jeHeacHOMy B3H- 

CBaHiH) — He rOBOpflTB. TaBHMX 06pa30Hl OHH tfaiOT'L OCHOBaHie 

npexnoxaraTB, hto wl bthx^b caynaax* coBosynnocTH h4tb, h 
Raajoe npecTynHoe #fcaHie uojyie&nTh onpe^eHHOxy sa Hero 
HaKasamio. TaKotf bhbo#b hacfb bx paspfo^s c r i> Haysofi h co 

BCfeMH nOJOaCHTeJLHHMH 8aBOHO^aTeJIBCTBaMH, npH3HaK>mHMH, 

hto y^HHeHie h4cbojbbhxx npecTynHux'B ff&jrailf, H3i bohxx 
BasAoe aBiaeTca OT^BHtrM-B, sasx no cymecxBy, TaBi» h cx 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 88 — 

totkh spfrnia 3aKOHa, noftBepraera BHHOBHaro Tar^aihneMy rot 
cjfyfjeuia'b eMy HaKa3aHifl. H botl, ojhh BOJocTHue cy#H 
npHM^HjaioTL Tasofi buboes, pyKOBO^CTByacB pastacHeHiaMH, 

CX&iaHHHMH B'B 9T0MI CMHCJT& 36MCK&MH HaiaJILHHKaMH, TOr#a 

sara ^pyrie cyan nocTynaioTfc HaotfoporB, noHarao, hcxoj^ 
Tamse H3t yKa3aHifi, aaHHHX'B hmi> 36mcrhkh Ha^UBHm&aMH, 
npH3HaiontHMH coBOKynHOCTB. yfe^nne sue CBfejpi, npHM^naa 
nocroflHHO noHATie coBOKynHOCTB, npeno^aTB HaAJeatam.HXx paai,- 
acHeHifl He Moryrt, u6o hmi> npaBa Ha^sopa 3a #laTeiBHOCTBK> 

BOJOCTHHX'B cy^oBi He Hp€^OCTaBJ[eHO. 

^hcjo jsajio&b Ha pimema, nocTanoftieHHHa bojeocthhmh 
cy^aMH HoBropo^CKoft rytfepHin, h npoijenrB OTiiiHeHHHX'B pfc- 
ffleHifl npeACTaBJiaeTca 3a Tpn ro.ua ffiaTejiBHOCTH petjwpiuipo- 
BaBHux'B cyapB'B bi cjrfwyiomeM'B BH#fc: bi 1891 ro#y yfefl- 

HLIMH Ctfe^aMH pa3CM0Tp$H0 4738 KaJIO(Jx, HO KOHMX OTMt- 

Heflo 1962 pimeHia; b-l 1892 roxy pascMOTpiHo 4424 ma- 
jo6h h OTMfaeHO 1911 pimemfl h Bil893roxy pascMOTp^HO 
4038 xsuLO&b h OTiriraeno 1817 ptmeHifi; wb HacraocTH »e 

HOBrOpOACKHMX yfoflHHM* Cl/foflOMfc H3t pa3CMOTp'£HHHX'B 360 

at&LO&b vl 1893 ropy OTMiraeno ptmemfi no 224 fffcaaMt; 
ras 372 aajro(5^ bt> 1892 ro^y OTMinejio 177 pfcmemfi hh3* 
552 «a*ofo ci» 1 ceHTatfpa 1890 ro*a h bx 1891 ro#y otm4- 
h6ho 252 pimema. 

Bee, H3aioateHHoe Binne, npefleTaBJiaera mwrayio bosmojrhoctb 
&LTh KaTeropH4ecBifl otb^tx na nocTaBieHHHfl bx Ha^axfc na- 
croamefl saM^TKH Bonpocx o tomx: ocymecTBMH HOBiie bojo- 
eTHuecyxH Bejimtia BaBfrra: „npa$A& h mhjoctb #a ijapcTByiOT* 
wb cyxaxx tt h oxpannjra jh ohh fiaaroraHie, ofimecTBeHHiifi no- 
pa^ora, (SeaonacHOCTB h npaBa tocthhh wcb bs ceiBCBHXx 
jrbcTHOCTaxx. OrBira Ha 3totl Bonpocx, He ocoTpa na bc£ 
3aaBjeEia, ^aaeMiaa notfopfflreaMH bthxx cy^OBt, aoMteffB 6htb 
orpimaTeJitaufi. Ha,pe#HTB npnsHaTB, hio speMeHHua npasiLia 

4) BOIOCJ5HOKB Cy^ W&0BH, WO OHH He MOryTB COfliftCTBOBaTB 

TOMy, too6h jfiftcTBHxejiBHoe npapocy^e osp&uo b% cpefjh 
c&iwkh» ofiHBareoieft, h6oohh cosAajra; 1)bm$cto cyxa caHO- 
cio«Texbflaro h HeaaRHCHMaro orb nocTopoHnaro BajLama — cy^x 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 84 — 

de&nriHHfi, Bnojirife HecaMoaroaTeJiBHKrif, Haxo^amiftca bt> noa- 
Hoft 3aBHCHMOCTH He tojlko otx seMCEaro Ha^ajBHHKa, ho #a»e 
h otb Bojrocraaro nncapa; 2) bm^cto cy^a HeanijenpiaTHaro — 

CyflX, Wb EOTOpOH'B AaHa nOJHafl B03M0JEH0CTB npOBOJHTB JIH4 

HHe HHTepecu, sanjnmaTB jump, npiaTHBrxx cy#y, h HaotfoporB, 
cyrytfo HaKa3HBaTB rfcxi, kohm'b kto jih6o hsb cyaefl He coiyB- 
CTByeTB; 3) bm§cto cy^a, cocToanjaro nwb cyaeft, o&iaflaiomHX'B 

ESBkvmUWb IjeH30Mfc — HpaBCTBeHHHM'B H 06pa30BaTejIBHHMfc, 

cy#B mi* cyaefl, vl fiojiBmnHCTB* cjynaeBi He tojibko He mo- 
rymnx'B nonaTB saKOHX, no KOTopoMy nwb npnxoflHTca flift- 
CTBOBaTB, ho aaae ero nposem; 4) bm^cto cy#a, ;$ficTByH)maro 
Ha ocHOBamn sasoHa, cosfccra h ^slktowl — cy^B, b*b EoearB ho- 

HflTie 3aK0HH0CTH OTXOflHT'B Ha 3aflHiff HJiaHTb H KOTOpBlfi B*B 
CBOHXfc ptmeHlflX'B Bfc 60JIBHIHHCTB* CJyHaeB'B, pyKOBOJCTByaCB 

cbohm^b ycMOTpimeM'B hjh ycMOTp'fcHieM'B Bojocraaro nncapa, 

He BHTeBaiOn^HMH JSKb HapOflHOft SH3HH H HeptflEO JHHiaiOn^HMH 
BpeCTBHHHHa HpaBX, UpeAOCTaBJeHHLlX r i> eMy 3aE0H0Mfc, BOCHH- 

TiiBaeTx HapoA'B Bb noHariaxx, hpothbhhx'b 3aE0HH0CTH, npiy- 
?aa cmotp^tb, ito cy,VB ptmaerB fffcaa He no sasoHy, a sara 
eMy 3a6aaropa3cyflHTca, h 5) bm^cto cyaa, paBHaro ajlh: Bcfcxx 
cejiBCKHXi ofiHBaTejeft, — cy^B, b*b eotopoitb BTOnoHffrie OTCjnr- 
CTByeTB, TaKi EaE* artpH, npHHHMaeMHa ex oxpaHente) &ia- 
rorama, otfmecTBeHHaro nopa#Ea, 6e30nacH0CTH h npaBi qacr- 

HHXX JUMP Wb CeJBCKHX'B M'&CTHOCTaX'B, C06CTBeHH0 EpeCTBaH'B, 

3Ha^HTejBHo cjratffce irtpx, npHHHMaeMHXfc saEOHOM* e*b oxpa- 
Hemio (faaroHHHia, otfnjecTBeHHaro nopaasa, 6e3onacHocTH h 
npaB'B nacTHUxx jhij'b, KHBymHX'B bt> rfcx* »e cejrBCEHX'B jrkcT- 
HocTaxx, ho ne npHHa^iexan^Hxi m> specTBaHCEOMy cocio- 
Biio hjih ate h npHHa&iesamHXfc ex aTOicy cocjOBiio, ho jkh- 
Bym,nxt hjh BpeMeHHO Haxo^anpxca bh* ccjibcehx'b arfecTHOCTefl. 
TasHMx otipasoifB, bo BpeMeHHiix r & npaBHjaxi o bojoct- 
homt> cyff& oTcyTCTByioTB ocHOBraia Hanaja, EOTopBia, no Bupa- 
atemK) r. MHHHCTpa iocthi^h, ^cociaBJiaiOTB cpe,pdfi h, hobh- 
AHMOMy, CescnopHBifi htofb Bcero Toro, no nero ^oxyMajofB 
qejoBtaecTBO, wb c^ep* upaBOcy#a a , h EOTopua n yseycnijra 

BOfiTH Wb HJIOTB H EpOBB CTpaHU, CfffciaJHCB npHBMHHHlli H ftO- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 84 — 

porHMi AOCToairieMt Hamero Hapofla", a 9to oTcyTCTBie h ^aers 
npaBO yTBepa^aTb, ito 03HaneHHHa npaBMa „flo6pne iuoflii" 
npHHOCHTB He Moryra, 6jiaroA*TftiBHUM , B ojuLotowb HapoflHofl 
»h3hh „ He aBjfiioTca h He co3AaAyTs a Toro, hto6h gHaEOHeip ;$#- 
CTBirrejBHoe npaBOcyxie D,apajio b'b PocciH*. 

Ilymujum. 



Digitized by 



Google 



ZPOEEKA FFCCKAFO SAKOHOXATEIbCTBA- 
rpaxAMCKoe npaeo. 

(Bmopaa noAoeuua 1894 toda). 

3aKOHO^aTeju>GTBO BTopofl nojiOBHHLi MHHpmaro ro^a bt> 
o6jiacTH rpam^aHCKaro npaBa KacaeTca, oaBHHirB otfpasoMt, 
paajE^HHXt BonpocoB^ noseMeuHaro ycTpoflciBa specTBAH'B. 
B*b 9tomi OTHomemH Heo6xoflHMo ocoffeHHo otm4thtb flpsi ysa- 
KOHeHia, npeflciaBMiomia BecBMa cymecraeHHBdl HHTepeci ajul 
KpecTMHCKaro seiueBJiaA^Hia. 

IlepBoe H3i» HasBaHHuxi ysaKOHemtf — BHCO?a3me yTBepa- 
.neHHoe 30 Maa 1894 r. MHime TocyflapcTBeHHaro CoB*Ta o 
o6a3aTeJLHOirb paaafoii wb rytfepmax^ ijapcTBa IIo.ibCKaro ae- 
Mejn>, cocToan^HX'B b-b otfmeft co6ctb6hhocth ceiBCRHxx, nocaa- 

CEHXl H ropOACRHXl o6wfiCTWb H flOMOXOSfleKB, He COCTaBJflK)- 

d^hxi oTfftjcbHHX'B otfmecTKB, a paBHO o BHfliurt chx-b seM&iB 
o^HOMy H3i> coBjaA&iBi^eB'B (co6p. ysas. h pacn. npaB. 1894 r. 
JYs 115, ct. 857, CTp. 2548). CoiuacHO hobbqtb npaBHjain>, 
o6H3aTejn>HOMy paa^y nowe&arL: a) seiuiH, 3anHcaHHHA wb 

JHBBBWai^OHHHXX TS^eJHX'B H flaHHHXfc <)6wfiV) COtfCTBeHHOCTBK) 
H^CKOJLKO CeJBCEHXX, IIOCaflCRHXfc H ropOflCRHX'B 06m,eCTB'B, HJH 
06lBfiJ0 COfiCTBeHHOCTBK) CHX*B ofimeCTBX H HiKOTOpHXl flOMOXO- 

3neBi flpyrnxx cejiemil, nocaflOB'B h ropo^OBi; 6) seMra, ne- 
pemeflmia no ao^pobojbhumx c^JiKaMx, cocToaBnraMca nocjrfe 
yTBepsA^Hui JEKBHAaiUoHHuxt Tadejieft h ^aHHuxx, bi» otinjyio 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 87 — 

CO<5CTBeHH0CTL H'kCKOJLKHXTb COJIBCBHXL, IIOCaflCKHX'B H EOpOfl- 

ckhtb otfmecTB-L, ran Haerefi ohmx'l: b) aeMaiiLHHe yqacTBH, 
OTBetffeHHue no Bucoiailme yTBepameHHEarB 29 -ro #eBa6pa 
1875 roja npaBHJiairB o6i> o6&3&Teja>BQm> pasBepcTamn h 06- 
m$h£ HepesnojocHiix'B aeiiejB h o pa^iurii nacTtfHm-L iceamy 
Biaff&ai^aMH h KpecTBjraaMH (BTop. hojih. cotfp. sax. J6 55, 427), 

B* CO<)CTBeHHOCTB HtCKOJLCKHXI, CeJI&CBHX'B, nOCaftCBHX'B H IH)» 

po^CKBrx-L otfnjecTB* hm qacreft era* otfmecrBt (ct. 1). 06a- 
saT&iBHOify pas^iuy He noAJieatarE o6m,k seiuui, pasfffcieHHiia 
#o nsxama HacTOflmnxx npaBRra no *o6poBOJiLHmi'B coraame- 
mara, xora h He ofijieHeHHHMi bi, nHCBueHHyK) <J>opMy, HO 
(J>aKTHqecKH npHBexeHHHMi fb HcnojHeme. Ho TasnifL coraa- 

memSXb MiCTHLlft BOMMHCapT> HO BpeCTBaHCBHlTB f/bxBM'b CO- 

craBjjieTB npoTOBOJi, Bairiraawnriii aotfpOBOJEfcHyio cuftray. npo- 
tokoxb ototb pascicaTpiiBaeTca h yTBepmjaeTca rytfepHCRHM* 
no RpeeTL&HCBHKb jsjbx&u.'b npHcyrcTBieM'B, wl otfn^eycTaHOBJieH- 
homx nopals* (ct. 2). IIpaBO xpetfoBaTL pasx^xx otfnpxfc se- 
Men irpHHa^e«HTL sasAOHy coRiaJr&jiBijy, t. e. BamflOMy ot- 
A&nHOMy o6mecTBy; fb oxHomemH »e TaKHXt oCmnxi BeiiejB, 
9B CTCJrb coBja r 3^*jBD,eB'L kohxi, cocToara, MeaB^y npoimrB, wk- 
Boropiie jthbib flOMoxosaeBa saBoro m6o o(JmecTBa, ynoMaHyroe 
npaBO npnHEwiesHT'B h OBHa^eHHHirB aoMoxosaeiwurB (ct. 3). 
Tpe6oBame o6asaTaiBHaro pasjrfuia mosotb 6htb aaflBJieHO He 
HHane, Baai no npnroBopy He Menfce flByxx Tpereft jomoxo- 
zaewb caiesia hah noca^a hjih .pyxx TpeTefl yeaaetfHHBOB'b, 
yiacrByiomHX& bo Bjarfrara o6id,hmh semiaMH b*b Bujsjb ota^jl- 
Hofi otb itfuaro otfnjecTBa lacni TaBOBuxi noeejieHifl. BtBTOMX 
nod^AHeicB cjy^at, jsfis cociaBJieHia chxi> npHTOBopoB'B, 03Ha- 
neHHLiM'B ycaAe6HHKaMi» npeacraBJiaeTca cotinpaTBca, as paspt- 
mema rMHHnaro BofiTa, Ha sacTHiie cxoah (ct. 4). Ecm o6mia 
3eMjH npHna^esaT^ Tpeiti hjih tiojrle CTopoHaira, h tojbbo 
ojna H3t hhxi Tpe6yerL paBrfua, a oot&ibhh£ ero He me- 
jaiort, to paa r a$Ji> orpamiHBaeTca BUjjh&owb tooth, npn^H- 
Taiomefica cropofffc, npeflMBHBmefi TpetfoBame o pas^f ji4, ct 
coxpaHenieM'L &il& npo^nxt CTopoHt o(5maro BJia^Hia ocrajiB- 
hok) qacTBio CHXt seMejiB (ct. 5). 06wjlo. 8eiuiH, sanncaHHua 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 88 — ■ 

m> jiHKBH.naiuoHHHXfc Ta<5euixfc h aaHHHX'B, a paBHO npiodpfc- 
TfiHHiia no Ao6poBOJBHHM , B c.n'fcjiKaM'b, bx tobtb eiyHai, Rorja 
bi> c^jnsax'B He mrfceTca HHKaKnxi> yEasamft Ha paaM'fep'B nac- 
Teft, npHqHTaH)iu,Hxca Ha #ojho Eaawaro cejema, nocaaa mh 
OTKhjibnoR nacTH cnxt nocexemft, #kjwTca Mem^y CTopoHaMH 
coooTBiTCTBeHHO KOJH<iecTBy npHHa#Jie»amefl mn> yflotfHofi aewuH, 
noKaaaHHOMy b*b jiHKBHAaijioHHofi Tatfejin hjih aaHHofl. Ecjih me 
TaROBUfl sacra yme onpeffkieHH bt> #o6pobojibhbix , b ctffcjiEax'B 
KaRHM'B jih6o hhhm'b cnoco6oM*B, ho 6es r i> o6o3Hanenia hxx rpa- 
hhi^, to pasfffcji'B npoH3BOAHTCn no yEasaHiairB, aaKjmaiomHMca 
b*l #o6poBOJiBHuxfc c^jreax'B (ct. 6). HpHiHTaiomiaca CToponaifB, 
Ha ocHOBamH npefliiiearaeft CTaTBH, sacra o6mjax r b seueib yuem>- 
inaiOTca hjih yBe-iHHHBaiotai coo6pa3HO aoxokhocth h sasecTBy 
hosbbi m> Tofi hjih apyroft sacra, Ha ocHOBaHin RjaccH<|>HRai;iH 

H OI$HEH, HpOH3Be,fl;eHHHXl HO HpaBHJiaM'B, yCTaHOBJieHHUMX 

HHCTpyBi^eH) 23-ro Maa 1841 ro#a o6i> ycipoficTB* h ohhh- 
uieBaHin KpecTLflHi bo BceMHJiocTHBiflnie nomaJiOBaHHHXi hmIj- 
Hiaxx (ct. 7). ^oxoflHOCTt jtSchbixi yqacTKOKb HCiHCJiaeTca no 
aoxo#y, npHHOCHMOMy seMJieio h pacTymHrn Ha Hefi jifccoM*, 
ot^jibho, npn searB jrtcB oivfeHHBaeTca no m^cthhitb cpeAHHJCB 
n$mwb, h naTL npoijeHTOB^ onpeffkseHHotf Ha 3tom* ocHOBa- 
Hin ero ctohmocth npHHHMaiOTca 3a ro#OBoft aoxoa'b cx Jiica 
h cjiaraiOTca cb aoxokhoctbio 3eiuiH (npHMis. Kb ct. 7). IIpH 
pa3#fcjrh 3eMejiB, nepemeAnrax'B bx otfmyio cotfcraeHHOCTB hIs- 
cbojibrhx^ cejiemfi, noca^OBi hjih ot^4jibhbix , b sacTeii nocejie- 
Hitf no TaKHMt 1 a;o6poBOJiBHUM'B qtfuiKairb, vb KOToptixi yKasa- 
hu nam* npocTpaHCTBO, TaKi h rpatfnijH sacTefl, npe#Ha3Ha- 
46HHHXB jjia Raat^ofi cTopoHu, OTBo,HHTca b'b HaTypi h yapin- 

JUHOTCtf B'B HCRJHOSHTGJIBHyK) C06cTBeHHOCTB CTOpOHB T* CaMHe 

ynacTKH, KOTopue yEasaHH ajih hhx* bi» #o6poBOJiBHfiiX'B c%kji- 
Kaxx (ct. 8). Ilpn paaA^Ji* otfmHX'B nacTfinm-B, oTBe^eHHtixi 

H$CEOJIBEHM , B CeJieHiflM'B, nOCMaifB HJIH OTff&IBHHM'B qaCTflMl 

nocejiemfl Ha ocHOBamn npaBHJTB 29-ro AeEaflpa 1875 ro^a 
(BTop. hojih. co(5p. saE. JHs 55.427), EajKflaa CTopoHa coxpa- 
HaeTB npaBo Ha TaEyio .hojih) osHaneHHHX'B yro^ia, Easaa co- 
oTB^TCTByerB pa3M r £py noJiB30BaHia, onpe^-kieHHOMy flfl& Hea 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 89 — 

no OKOHwrej&HO yTBepa^eHHOMy KpecTBflHCKHMH yipeayjeHijotH 
npoeKTy pas^i^a cHxt nacT6nm'B Meayi;y RpecTBimaMH h BJia- 
aiibijaMH HM^Hifi (ct. 9). Kor^a nofl-ieTKamjui o6a3aTeaBHOJiy 
pas^y 3eMJH npnaeraiorB k% BOflaM-B, b*b kotophxt* ctopohh 
noJbayiQTCJi BOflonoeMT> hjih c^aBaeMOK) b'b apeH,iy ph6hoio jiob- 
JieH), h 9th seM-iH, no CBoeny pacnojorcemK), He MoryrB 6htb 
pa3ffkieHu TaKHM'B o6pasoMx, hto6h KajRAaa CTopoHa nojiynMa 
yqacTOKt npn Bo^axx, to 9th boah ocTaBjunoTca h nocjrfc pas- 
iffejia bx o6meM'B BjajvfcHin Ha npesKHHMt ocuoBamn, ct ycTpoit- 
ciBOMfc Kb HHMt y#o6Haro AOdyna (ct. 10). Hpe^apmejiBHO 
pa3CMOTp*Hia 3aaBJieHifl o pas^fejrfe o6u\ux r b seMeJiB, KOMMHcapi* 
npeA-naraerB cTopoHairB obohwtb #6 jo ,ho6pobojibhhm , b cooa- 
meHieMi. Ecjih corjiameirie He coctohtcjj, to KOMMHcap'B npn- 
erynaerB Kb pa3CMOTpimiK> o3HaneHHaro saaB-nema Ha Mtcrfc, 
bb npHcyTCTBin yno.iHOMoqeHHHX'B b*b hhci'Ij otb ^Byxx #o niecrn 
otb Ka»#aro otfmecTBa h KaatAoft OT#kjiBHoii iacTH o6m,ecTBa, 
ynacTByiomHX'B bx otfmearB B^a^HiH, a TaiHKe M'kcTHHX'B: BOfiTa, 

COJITHCOB'B H aECnepTOBX OTB CTOpOHT>, HO OflHOMy OTB KaffiflOfl, 

ecjra TaKOBBie 6y&yvb npeflCTaMCHu CTopoHaMH (ct. 11). He- 
npHtftrrie ynojraoMOHeHHwxx hjh BKcnepTOB^ He ocTaHaBJiHBaeTi 
tftffCTBiS KOMMHCapa (npHM^H. Kb ct. 11). Ecjh Ha noflJieHta- 
mjm pa3^fejiy 3eM.ra narfciOTca naaHH, cocTaMeHHHe no npaBH- 
-iavn> 29 aeKatfpa 1875 r. (BTop. hojih. cotfp. 3aE. JVs 55427) 
mjh 9 anp'taa 1881 ro.ua o6b HsarfcpeHiH h oTrpaHH^eHin KpecTB- 
aHCKHX'B Ha^fe^OB'B (TpeT. hojih. co6p. 3aK. JV° 78), to HOBaro 
KtMipemfl 03HaieHHHX-B 3eMeiB He TpetfyeTca; b-b nporHBHoarB 
caynali oho npoH3BOAHTca cocToamnirB npn ry6epHCKOM'B no 

KpeCTBflHCKHM'B fl'fcjiaM'B HpHCyTCTBiH 3eMJieM'fcpOM'B (CT. 12). 

KiaccH(J)HKai;ifl 3eMejiB h oijkHKa Jifcca (ct. 7, npHM.) npon3- 
Bo^Tca KOMMHCapoMx npH nocpeflCTBi seiureM'fcpa, a TaKwe 
3KcnepT0Bi>, ecJH TaKOBue 6ujlh npe,a;cTaBJieHBiCTopoHaMH (ct. 19). 
Oropona, noAaBniaa 3aaBjienie o pa3^ , 6ji , fc, o6a3aHa npe^cTaBHTB 
HeMepeHHO^ no TpedoBamio KOMMHCapa, cyMMy ^eHerx, Heo6xo- 
PMyio, no npn64H3HTeJiBH0My ero pa3cneTy, na noKpwTie pac- 
xo^ob"b no HafiMy patfoinx'B npn HSMipemH h KJiaccH^HEai^in 
3eMejn> h no npio6pfcTeHiio pa chx* ^iitcTBifi MaTepiaJiOBi, 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 9$ — 

<5y#e TaKOBHe osHaneHHOio ctopohoh) He aocTaBjeHH (ct. 14). 
IIpoeKTB pasA^Jia o6mfsxb seuexb cocraBJiaeTca BOMMHcapoira h 
XOJimewb 3aBJH)HaTB b*b ce6i: onncame npocTpaHCTBa, nojoaeHia, 
KasecTBa h koxokhocth cnxt seiteJiB, i$hhocth h aoxo#hocth 
jrfcca (bi cjyqa'fc pas^aa jt&chhx'b yracTKOB'B), ofoacHeme Kara 
rfcx'B ocHOBamfl, no kotophmi, pasfltoiaeMHa 36mjih nepenura vb 
co6cTBeHHOCTB KpecTBaH* (ct. 1), TaKfc h o(5cToaTejiBCTB^, yuo- 
MHHymx'L bs CTaTBax^B 6 — 10 HacToamnx'B npaBHJTB, h yrasa- 
Hie nopa^Ka npeflnoJiaraeMaro pa3flkia. Kt npoeiery npHJiaraerca 
iuain> noflJieaamHX'E pasfffcjiy seMeaB (ct. 15). — HpoeKTs pa&» 
afcia H3JaraeTCfl kb ^pirfc npoTOKOJia. Ho ncpracamH ero eom- 
MHcapoM'B, boAtom'b rMHHH, coJTHcaMH, seiaeM'&poMfc h aKcnep- 
TaMn, ecjH TanoBue 6hjh npeacTaBjeHti cTopoHaMH (ct. 11), 
a Tasse ynojHOMOTOHHHMH, 6yae ohh Toro nosejiaiorB, bom- 
MHcapi nocTaHOBJwerB, bx nepBofi HHCTamjra, pimeme o&b 
yTBepawmn npoeKTa. Ha pimeHie BOMmcapa HejOBOJBHaa 
CTopona MomeTTb npHHecTH, bt> TpexM^CAHHufl cposx, sajotiy 
bt» ry6epHCKoe no KpecTBancBHirB pjhji&M% npncyTCTBie. Pfane- 
Hie KOMMncapa, CBoeBpeMeHHo ne o6aajOBaHHoe, npraofliTca m> 
Hcnojcaeme (ct. 16). — rytfepHcsoe no KpecTBjracraM* fffoaiffc 
npncyTCTBie, paacMOTp^Bi npnHeceHHyro »aJO<Jy vb npncyTCTBui 
CTopoHx, ecin offfc, no ^oeraBJieHHofl hmx noB'fccTK'fc, hbatca 
bx cjymaniio ffkia, hjh yTBepsaaerB pimeme EOMirncapa, cb 
neoCxo^HMHMH, bi> cjiyna* HaflofaocrH, HSMfcHeHiaira, mh no- 
CTaHOBjaerB onpefliwreme o npraHamH npoeKTa HenoAie&anporB 
yTBepawmio. JKajroCii Ha nocTaHOBiema rytfepHCsaro npncyr- 
CTBin no ffkiairB cero poaa npHHocarca, b*b TpexirfccaHmift cpoRi, 
IIpaBHTejrBCTByBomeMy CeHaTy (ct. 17). — Ecjth, no m^cthbim^ 
yciOBkirB, Tpe(5yeMHfi paa^^x 6yjtprb npH3Hain> BOKMHcapoirt 

HeBOSMOSHBDTB MH HeKejaTeJBHHM'B, B*B BHfly SHaHHTeJIBHUX'B 

y^HTBOBi, KOTopwe Moryro otb cero noctffcflOBaTB wa toI hoot 
flpyrofi ctopohh, to KOMiaincapx bxojhtb o&b drowb vb npej- 
CTaBJiemeM'B b* rytfepncsoe no BpecTBaHCEHJTB xfaan npncyr- 
CT«ie, EOTopoe nocTaHOBaaeTB no ceMy npe^MCTy pfcrnefirie bi 
nepBoft HHCTaHu,in. Pimeme bto MomerB 6utb o(5maJiOBaHO, b-b 
TpexirtcOTHHfl cpoK'B, Bb cocToan^ee npn seiccsoirB orKkA 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 91 — 

MHHHCtepCTBa BHyTpeHHHX'B fljbjTb IipHCyTCTBie HO KpeCTBflHCKHMl 

fffcsairE rytfepmft IJapcTBa HoitBCBaro (ct. 18). — IIo orohto- 
TejLHOM'L pa3pimeHiH ffi-ia o pasa&rfi o6wpx r b seuexb h npn- 
BexemH piunema Fb Hcnojmeme, B'B jKRBHflaiuoHHHa Tatfe-rar h 
AaHHHA BHocflTCfl cooTB^TCTBeHHHa HBMiHema nopaflBOMt, yRasan- 
hhm'b b* nocraHOBJieHiflx^ y^pe^TeJBHaro ROMHTera ora 23-ro 
h 26-ro cearatfpa 1869 ro^a ofo HSMtaeHin nopa^Ra BHece- 

HUt Bl> yTBepK^eHHHfl JOTRBHflaijiOHHHa Ta6eM H3MtaeHifi B'B 

RpecTBaHCRHX'B Hajfoax-B h cepBHTyrax'B (CT. 2800) H OTB 
12 aeRatfpa 1869 rofla o nopa^R* HCHpaBJiema flaHHHX'B, yT- 
BepfflAeHHuxi> y&e ijeHTpaaBHOio ROHimcieio no RpecTBaHCRHM* 
tfutairB (ct. 2874) (ct. 19). — KpOM-6 Toro, aaROHOMX 30 mm 
1894 r. nocTaHOBJieHO, hto B'B rtxi ceaeHiax'B, bx Ronx^fffc- 
KOTOpne *0M0X03aeBa nojiygmra b-b otfmyio cotfcrBeHHocTB seitra 
fb cray yRa£a 19-ro $eBpaja 1864 rofla o&h ycTpoftcTB* 
KpeCTBam (BTop. nojra. co6p. 3aR., JVs 40,609) mh Ha ocho- 
Bamn BinnenpHBe^eHHHX'B npaBHJFB, — chmi flOMOXOBaeBairB npe- 
SOCTaBJtaeTca, cb paapfcrnema rMHHHaro Boftra, cotfnpaTBca ot- 

ffitfBHO OTfc npO^HX-B OflHOCeJBI^B'B Ha TOCTHtie cxo.pi, ,pao<5- 

cyxAema Afor^, oraocamnxca #o pacnopa»ema cocToanjHMH B'B 
hxi o6meirB nojBBOBamH 3eMMMH (yqp. ynp. ry6. IJapcTBa 
IIO.KBCK., H3fl. 1892 r., ct. 271, n. 2). 

JJpynmB npaBHTaiBCtBeHHiiirB M-fcponpiaTieMfc, HanpaBJieH- 
hhmt> ri ycTpofiCTBy RpecTBaHCRaro seMJieBJiaAiHifl B^Himepin 
jEBjjaeTCH yTBepKAeHHaa 9-ro ceHTatfpa 1894 ro^a mhhhctpoitb 

$HHaHCOB'B, HO COrJiameHiK) CB MHHHCTpaMH BHyTpeHHHX'B KkjkT> 
H BOeHHEUTL H rOCyflapCTBeHHHM'B ROHTpOJiepOMl, HHCTpyRipa O 

nopa£R& npmriraeHia BncoHaftme yTBepat^eHHaro 7-ro $eBpajia 
1894 r. MHima rocynapcTBeHHaro coFfcTa 06% oTcporaax* h 
pascpoTKaxx HeflOHMOttB BHRynHEix'B njiaTemefl. (Cotfp. y3aR. h 
pacn. npaB. 1894 r. Jfc 153, ct. 1135, crp. 3305).— B'B 
nepBOMX OTfffcjfc 9to# HHCTpyRitiH ycTaHOBJieHH cjrfcflyiomia ov- 
inia npaBHJia: 1) xo^aTafiCTBa rytfepHCRHX'B npncyTCTBifl onpe- 

AOCTaBJeHiH OTCpOieRl H p^CpoqeKI, HeflOHMOR'B BUKynHUX'B 

miaTeaefl Ha ocHOBaflin saROHa 7-ro ^eBpaaa 1894 r., t. e. 
sa npe#km cpoRa, yRa3aHHaro wl npHMfo. 4 ri ct. 164 o<5- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 92 — 

njaro nojoaeflia (oco6oe npnji. ex t. IX, no npofl. 1890 r.)> 

flOJE/KHH OCHOBUBaTBCfi Ha HOflpotfHOMX p^CJlfe^OBaniH X03aftCTBeH- 

Haro nojofflema u njiaTejEHtixx cpe^CTBx Kaayjaro OT^i-cHaro 
HeAOHMmHKa (cejiBCKaro oSmecTBa, cejiema nuan no^BopHaro Bja- 
Aftatija), npoH3BefleHHOMi> no npaBaiaMx ceft HHCTpyEijin n co- 
rjiacHo npnjoateHHOft ex Heft nporpaMjrf*. — 2) ^fcaa o npejo- 
cTaejieHiH, Ha ocuoBamH saKona 7-ro ^eBpajia 1894 r., oTcpo- 
neixjy h pascpoieEx He#OHMOEx BHEynHHXX njaTe&eft pascMaTpu- 
BaioTCA ry^epHCKHira npncyTCTBiaMH, npn HenpeirtHHOMX yqacTia 
\ npaB jaiomax'L KaseHHUMH naaaTaMH; npHpa3CMorpiHiH-»e Taso- 
bhxx a*-^ yfeB^HLiMH cxfeflaira o6fl3aTeiBHO npncyTCTByerL 
aeMCKift Haiajn>HHK , B Toro y^acTEa, #o KOToparo othochtcji pa3- 
ciiaTpHBaeMoe xbJLo, h m^cthhA no^aTHofi HHcneETopx. — 3) Bx 
MfecTHocrax'B, vfjb He BBefleHO noaoffieme o 3eMCEnxx Haiajb- 
HHEaxx, o6a3aHHOCTH rytfepHCEnxx npncyrcTBift* h yia^HBix'B 
cxfe^oBx no npHMiHemio nacToamnxx npaBHJx BOsaaraioTca, 
no npHHa^jie»HOCTH, Ha rytfepHCEia h oGaacTHiia no EpecixaH- 
crhmx A'kiaM'B npncyTCTBia h yi3flHHa no EpecTtaHCEHMx jsjb- 
•aaaix npncyTCTBia, cxfeflu MnpoBtixx nocpeflHHEOBX h cxi3.nu 
no EpecT&jiHCEHM'B flfcjaMx; o6a3aHHOCTH-»e seMCEnxx Haiajb- 

HHEOBX — Ha HenpeM^HHHX'B *UeHOBX, MHpOBHXX nocpe^HHEOBi 
H 4HH0BHHE0BX HO EpeCTBaHCEHMX fljhjl&Wb. Bx rytfepmaXX 

npnOaJTificEaro h 3aEaBsa3CEaro spaa o6a3aHHOcra yfejiraxx 
cxIiaflOBx HcnojHaioTca yiacTEOBmix EOMMHcapoMx h mhpobhmx 
nocpe^HHEOMt, no coBimaHho ex noaaraBiMx HHcneETopoMX h 

yfeflHHMX Ha^aJIBHHEOMX. — 4) IIpH pa3CMOTp*Hin MHpOBUMH 

cxfeaaMH h cxfcAaMH no EpecixaHCEHMx ffkiaMx fffcrL o npe- 
AOdaBJieHiH no saEOHy 7 $eBpajia 1894 r. OTcpoiesx n pas- 
cpo4eRx HeflOHMOEx no BHEynHBiMx njaTe»aiix bx 3ac4flame 
npHrjramaeTca y$3flHHft ncnpaBHHRX. — 5) rytfepncEoe npecyT- 
CTBie #aeTx, bx flonojmeme ex nporpaMMt CB^^feHift o X03att- 
CTBeHHOMx nojO/Kenin n MaTearatixx qpe^CTBaxx HeflOHMnpiEa, 
pyEOBO^an^ia juul npoH3BOflCTBa o6cj4ffOBama ysasaHia^ sasx 
o6mia no rytfepnin hjth no yfeflaifx, Tasx, bx cay^ai Ha^oC- 
hocth, h uacTHtia, no noBOAy EaaEflaro oTffki&Haro o6cjr&flOBa- 
Hia. — npmrira: npenoaaHHHa ry6epHCEHMx npncyTCTBieMX o6mja, 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 93 — 

b*b CHjy ceft CTaTBH, yKasama npenpoBOJKflaiOTca hmx, jpa cBi- 
xknin, bt> MHHHCTepcTBO ^HHaHCOBx h BiiyTpeHHHX'B a^jtb, a Bt 

n0^e»amHXX CJiyqaaX'B B*B MHHHCTepCTBO (^HHaHCOB'B H BX 

BoeHHoe. — 6) IIpoH3BOflamee o6cjr£#oBame jihijo, pyKOBo#CTByacB 
npH cofinpaniu ^B^^nia nporpaMMOK) h yita3aHiaMH rytfepH- 
CKaro npHCVTCTBia (ct. 5), oflpanjaerB, He3aBHCHMO cero, oco6eH- 
Hoe BHHMame Ha BuacHeme rkxi> m^cthrxx ycaoBifi, kohmh 
BH3BaH0 o6pa30BaHie He^oaMKH. — 7) Co6paHHHa npn otfcjrfcflo- 

BaHiH ^aHHLLfl X03flflCTBeHH0M'B IIOJHWReHiH HeSOHMmHBOB'L (cejB- 

ckhxt> oomecTBi, ceaeHitf h hO/jbophhx'b BJia^JiBi^eB'B), bm4ct£ 
cr& npeffiojioateHiaMH jrai^a, npoH3BOflHBinaro otfcjr&flOBame o 
pasirtp* Heo6xo^HMo2 JiLroTH, nperipoBO»AaH)Tca nwb b*b yfe#- 
nu& CBfeffB. — 8) y^flHiiif cxfoffL, aohojihhb'b, bx ony^a* Ha#o6- 
hocth, cie otfcjrfcflOBaHie HMiiomHMHca y Hero CBifllmiaMH, npe.ii;- 
ciaBJiaeTB onoe wb rytfepHCKoe npncyTCTBie vb cbohmx 3aiMK)- 
HeHieMt KaKx no cymecTBy #fcjia, TaBx, b*b tocthocth, h o pa3- 
irbpfe Tpetfyiomefica JitroTH. — 9) Ilpn B03<5yawHiH nepe^x mhhh- 
erpoMi (^HHaHCOBt xoflaTaifCTBa 061 otcpohk4 hjh pascpoqK'fe 
BUKynflHX , B ne^OHMOKi), ry6epHCBoe npncyTCTBie npHBO^MTx bx 
CBoeMx nocTaHOBjeniH noApotfHiia cootfpamema pasM-fcpi jiBroTH. 

Bm$Ct£ CB CHITB, BX MHHHCTepCTBO (^HHaHCOBt IipenpOBOJEflaiOTCa 
Bl HO^IHHHHKaX'B HIH Bl KOfliflXi: fffcjIOnpOHBBOACTBO HO 06- 

cji^OBamH) HeflOHMoraaro o6mecTBa, ceJiema hjth no^BopHaro 
Bia^iHia, 3aKJiH)HeHie cx&sffl, h apyria, oraocamiaca kx ^Jiy 
CBfytfmia h aaHHiia, nocJiyjKHBinia ocHOBameM'B ex B036yamemio 
xo^aTaflrTBa. — 10) Ty6epHCKoe npncyTCTBie, npH3HaBaa, Ha ocho- 
Bamn npe^CTaBjieHHBixi eny flaHHHXfc, Heo6xo^HMocTB otcpohkh 
hjih pa3cporan BHKynHHX'B He^OHMOKi, Afaaera pacnopajKeme 

npioCTEHOBJieHiH HpHHy^HTeJIBHHX'L M^px B3HCKaHia CHXX He^OH- 

mokx cb ^aHHaro o6njecTBa, cejiema hjih no^BopHaro BJia^fejiBija n 
vb Towb coiy^ai, eejiH-6H no,pejRamee xo^aTaftcTBo nepe^x mhhh- 
CTpoM^ 4 ) HHaHCOB , B npe#ocTaBJieHiH TaKOBoif JBroTii He Morjio 6utb 
HeMeflJieHHo BOstfya^eHO no OTcyTCTBiio h4kotophxi, Tpe6yeMiix r B 
nporpaMMOK) flaHHHX'B. — 11) TydepncKoe npncyTCTBie o6a3aHO 
npeflcxaBJUiTB 3a Kaa^oe HCTeKuiee nojiyro^ie, He no3ate 1 ^>e- 
Bpaja h 1 asrycTa, vb MHHHCTepcTBa ^HHaHCOBi h BHyTpeH- 



Digitized by 



Google 



_ 94 — 

hhxx ffimx, a bx nofljieaamnxx cjy^aaxx bx MHHHerepcTBa 
(JmHancoBx h bx BoeflHoe, HH»e(yr&flyK)iiua CBifffcrna: a) no 

CEOJttEHJtX 06meCTBaMI> H COieHiaMX Ha3Ha^eHO np0H3B0ACTB0 

oficjrfcflOBaHia h EOMy 8to otfc-rfeflOBaHie nopy<ieHo; 6) no ckojib- 
ehmx otfmecTBaMx, ceJieHiaMx h hoabophhmx Bjaffkniaiix npo- 
HSBe^eHH otfcfffcaoBama bx TeneHie oTieraaro nepio^a; b) tocjo 
p6mecTBx, caienifi h no^BopHtixt Bjia#iuiBijeBx, othocht&ibho 
eohxx B036y»^eHO xoxaTaficTBO nepe#x mhhhctpomx $HHaHCOBx 
061 ot pouKi h pa3cpoHB* HeaomiOEx BHEynHuxx njraTeaefl; 
r) no ceojibehmx otfmecTBaMx, caaeHiaMX u no^opmiMx BJia- 
Aimaicx oTBasano bi> jrBrorfc no Ha,pe»ameMx oticrlAOBaniH h 
na ocHOBdjain mrinomnxca cBi^nifi, 6esx nponsBOACTBa oco6aro 
otfcjrfcflOBaHia. — 12)ry6epHCKoenpncyTCTie ycxaHaBJiHBaeTx, npn- 
M^HHTeJiLHO ex TpetfoBaHiaMx ct. 11, npasiura o npeflCTaBjemH 
yfo^HMMH cxfeflaMH e jHujaMH, npoH3BO^an^HMH otfcirfcjOBaHie, 
cponnuxx Bl^OMOCTeft o xofffc patioTx no odcjrfeAOBamH). Bo bto- 
poarx OTfl-fcjrfe HHCTpyKU,m co^epKaTca npaiiua o nopa^R* npe- 
AOCTaB^enia OTCpo*ran npascporan noBHsynnmix HeflomcBanx, 
ocTaBmHMca ex 30 iiona 1894 r. otx npesHnxx tffcrx h npe- 
BiimaionpiMx roaosoff 0EJia#x. — 13) IIo pacnopaseniio ynpaB- 
jLaiomnxx sa3ennuMH najiaiaMH, yfo#Htni Basna^eScTBa coo6- 
njaioTx, no npMoaeHHofl ex racTpyEnin $opMi, bx Teienie 
ffftyxHeffkiBHaro cpoKa co BpeMeHH nojcyroma 03HaieHHaro pacno- 
paa&eHia, bx yfojHHe cxfeflii cuhceh t$xx o6m,ecTBx h ceie- 
mfi h noffBopHHxx Biaflfroifi, no eohmx ociaaocx no 30 iiona 
1894 r. HenoramenHOK) ne^onMsa BHsynnnxx njaxeaeft, npe- 
Biunaion^aa roAOBoft oEJia^x. — 14) Yfc^Lifi cxfe^x, no paacicoT- 
pfesriH cero cnncsa, npenpoBoamaeTx ohhA bx rytfepHCBoe njm- 
cyrcTBie BMicrt ex cbohmx 3aEJK>?enieMX o tomx, sasia hsx 
cejemfi h otfmecTBx, nomienoBanHuxx bx chhce*, no HMfao- 
nmMca bx pacnopamemn exfofla cst^nianx H#aHHHMx, Hys- 
AaioTca bx npe^ocTaBJieHiH OTcporan h pa3cpo?EH ne^OHKOEx 
BUBynHuxx iLiaTeoefi nosasony 7 (f^Bpaja 1894 r. Hpnaroicx 
cxisflx npejCTaBJiaeTx saEX osHanenHHa CBfcff&Hia h #aHHHa, 
Tasx h cboh coo(Jpa»eHia o nopwfe n oiepe#H o6cj$ftOBania 
rtxx o6n\ecxBx h cejienifl y a paBHO h o jnmaxx, npHHaA^esa- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 95 — 

iuhxx Kt cocTasy yfe^HLix-B KpecTBaHcrax* y^peayjeHift, Ha 
bohxi MO»erB 6utb Boaaoateno npoH3BO#CTBo cero otfcjrfcflOBa- 
ma. (IIpHH^aHie: Ha yfeflHHX'B ncnpaBHHROBfc nponsBOflCTBO 
o6cjr&AOBaHia Moaerx 6uib BoaioaieHO h bi rfexx ryfiepHiax'B, 
rji ohh He Bxo;jaTX bx cocTaBi yfeAHUxi KpecTMHCKHXt y^peat- 
aemft. — 15) Ecjih yfepuifl ctfeflt pacnojaraeT r & OTHocHTejr&HO 
no,pe»amaro HeAOHMn^Hsa CBJwfemaMH, cooTB'fcTCTBytom.HMH Tpe- 
(SoBaHkM^ npHJoa^HHofl r* HHcrpyRiUH nporpaMMH h yRa3a- 
HiaMi> ryfiepHCEaro npncyTCTBia, to npe^CTaBjaerB ceicy npn- 
cyTCTBho, bm*ct6 c& osHaieHHHMH CB*^*HiaMH, CBoe saRooHeme 
o pasitipi Heo(5xoffHMOi! mxmi. — 16) TySepncKoe npncyTCTBie, 
npHSHaBaa, c% CBoeff CTopoHti, aocTaiWHHMH npe#CTaBjeHHHH 
yfeAHHM^ ctfeflOMX flaHHua o xoaafiCTBeHHOM'B nojioateHiH rfexi> 
o^mecTBt, cejeHifi h noflBopHiixt BJia^JCbi^eBi, fl.ua bohx'l ncnpa- 
mnBaerca JEtroxa (ct. 15), B036yawaera nepe^B mhhhctpojtb 
^HHancoBx no^ieatamee xoaaTaftcTBo. OxHOCHTeiBHo me Bcix* 
jpyTHXt He^OHMmHKOBt, 03HaieHHoe npncyTCTBie, no noayieHin 
ysadaHHuxt bx ct. 14 chhckobx h cootfpaa&eHiS, cocTaBJiaerB 
o6mi3 no rytfepBrin hjeh odaacTH maHx o<5cjrfe#OBaHia, cl yua- 
sameirB Bt HeMi ju^b, Ha rohxi oHoe BoaiaraeTca, — 17)IIpo- 
H3B0^CTB0 oticjr&AOBaHia uos&erb 6htb BO&noaeHO ry6epHCRHMfc 
npHcyrcTBieMx HemiBRO Ha qjeHOBt yfejHuxt RpecTBaHCRHX'B 
yqpeawenift, ho TaR»e h Ha apyrnx-B jump, no.KB-fcjOMCTBeH- 
hhxx rytfepHaTopy h ynpaBjraiomeMy sa3eHHOio naaaTOio, ho 
ysasaHiH) cnxx hocj^ahhxx. HaKOHen,i>, b*b TpexteMX oT^Sm* 
H3ioseHix npaBHJia o nopa^R* npe^ocTaBJieHia otcpohrh npas- 
cpoHSH no BUBynHHM'B HeAOHMRaMi> npeatHHXt jrfrrB, He npe- 
xycHOTp^HHUMi npe^UAynpM'B ot^omtb, a paBHO no He#OHM- 
saw*, KOTjmflWb ofipasoBaTBca BnoarfeflCTBin. — 18) Ho npeftio- 
seHiaifx rytfepHaTopa h dSABJiemnwh ynpaBJiaiomaro RaseHHOio 
naiaTOH), ry6epHCRoe npncyTCTBie fliuiaerB pacnopaaeme o npo - 
H3BOACTFfe noapofaaro pa3CJ*AOBaHia xoaa&CTBeHHaro nojome- 
ew h njaieaLHHXT, cpe^CTBi, HeaoHMmHROB'B, ,pa rohx* ot- 
cpowy h pa3cpo?By HeflomiOR'B BHKynHHXt njiaTeatefi npe^no- 
aaraeTca npeflocTaBHTB no saROHy 7 $eBpaaa 1894 r. — 19) Ecjih 
oaHaieHHiia npe^poatema ry6epHaTopa h saaBJieHia ynpaBaaio- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 96 — 

ujaro Ka3eHHOK> naaaTOK) oocTaRieHti ^aHHHMH, y#OBJieTBopHK)- 
m,HMH TpetfoBamaMx npMOJKeHHoft h'j. aacTOam;eft HHCTpyiujiH 
nporpaMMH h yKaaminwh rytfepHCKaro npiicyrcTBia, to cie npn- 
cyTCTBie, ne npH6«fcraa kx npoH3BOflCTBy HOBaro o6cj , 6 ( nOBaHia, 
npenpo$OHAae , n> npewo/Kema rytfepnaTopa hjh 3aaBJieHia ynpaB- 
aaiomaro Ka3eHH0K) naJiaToio bx nofljeatamifi yfe^wfi CBisffB, 
flja cya^ema o pasMipi TpetfyeMOft bt> aaHHOM'B cjyiafe jBroTii. — 
20) IIpe^CTaBJEeHia ry6epacKOMy npncyTCTBiio ot.k&jibhhx'b *ije- 
hobx yfeflHtix'B KpecTtaHCKHXx y^peffl^Hifl o npe^ocTaBJiemH 
cejiLCKHM'L ofimecTBaM'B, caiemaMt h hoabophhmx BJia^ibuaM^ 
OTCpOHKH HJIH paSCpO^IKH HeflOHMOK'B BHKynHiixt njraTeiReft no 
aaKOHy 7 $eBpajfl 1894 ro.ua, apaBHo npoctfiH o toitb cejB- 
ckhx'b oSmccxB'B HanpaBjaiOTCfl bt> yfeflHtie CBfoflH. — 21)IIpefl- 
CTaBJieHia yfeflHEix'B KpedMHCKHX'B yTpeatflemft hjih ot^jtb- 
hhx'b qjieHOBx chx* y^pem^emft o TaKaxx jiBroTaxx aojukhli 

OHTB nOAKp^IUieHH HOApotfHHMH, HO B03M0JRH0CTH, CB^^HiflMH 

h #aHHHMH o xo3flflcTBeHHOML nojoatemH h njiaTeatnHX'B cpea- 
CTBaxt rfexi oGmecTBi, caiemft h no^BopHHxx BJia#fcjiBH;eB , B, 
jjia kohx^ npH3naeTca Heo6xo^HMUMx npe^ocTaBHTb jitroTy Ha 
ocHOBamn saKOHa 7 <j)eBpajia 1894 r. 22) YfeflHuif CBfefix 
npenpoBOJRAaerB bx ry6epncKoe npHcyTCTBie oana^eHHtia npe,i- 
CTaBjieHia, a paBHO npocBtfu cejiBCEHX'B otfinecTB'B, BM^arfe a> 

CBOHM'B SaKJHOHeHieJi'B CTeneHH OCHOBaTeJIBHOCTH bthxx npocBSi* 

h npe^CTaBJienift ot^jibhhx'b ^LieHOBi Cbfe^a, noAKpinieHHUMx 
HM^iomHMHca bi pacnopaaKemH CBfe^a CB^iniaMH h ^anHHMH. 
Ecjh 3Ke bx jifajub hm^iotcji ^aHHHa, cooTB^TCTByiomifl TpetfoBa- 
HiaMx npHJOHjeHHoff k*b cefi HHCTpyKq,iH nporpaMMH h yna3a- 
iiiaMx ry6epHCKaro npucyTCTBia, to yfeflHLifl CBfe^r* npeicTaB- 
jwenb ceMy npncyTCTBiio cboh cootfpaatema TaKine h o pa:!M*pt 
jTBroTu. — 23) Uo nojiyqemn yKaaaHHHYB bt>ct. 21 npeflCTaBJie- 
Hift h npocBtfi cejBCKHX'B o6wfiCTWb } rydepHCKoe npncyTCTBie, 
npH3HaBaa HMtiomiaca bt> xbjrh #aHHHa ^ocTaToiHHMH A^a 
cy»^eHia o xo3afiCTBeHiioM , B nojoacenm h njiaTeaRHLmb cpe#- 
CTBaxx HeflOHMmHKa, hjih oTKJOHaerB xo^aTaficTBO o JLtrorfe, 

HJIH BXOflHTB BX MHHHCTepCTBO (|)HHaHC0B'B CB COOTB^TCTByiO- 

WflM!b npe^cTaBjemeM'B otfo otcpohk* hjih pascpoHK*. Bx cjy- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 97 — 

TO&se ■enojHOTU HM^fon^xea ^aHmixt, rytfepHCBoe npncyT- 
crae nocTaHOBjaera onpe^eme o nporaBoacrB* otfcjrfwoBania 
no nporpaiorii, npHJioseHHOfl kx cefl HHCTpyBitfH n no npe- 
no^aHHUMt hmi w«a cero yEasaHiaMt. — 24) Bi> ysasaHHHXx bi> 
ct. 18 h 23 Hacroameft HHCTpyKipn ciyiaox'B, o6a3aHHOCTB 
noapotfaaro otfcjfcflOBaHia HejoiraoraHX'B otfmecTBt, ceaeHift h 
noABopmrcB Ria^fema Boaiaraerca Ha idcTHaro sencRaro Ha- 
najLHHKa hjih noaamaro MHcneKTopa. (npHMtaame: wl csynai 
Haxo^HOCTH ry6epHCKOMy npncyTCTBiio npe^ocTaBJwerca nopy- 
wtb npoHBBOACTBO chx'l otfcjrifoOBaHia H^pyraM'L gjeHaMt yfefr- 
hhxb KpecTLHHCRHX'L , yqpe&Aemif. Btb rytfepmax-B, rfffc yfea- 

HLie HCnpaBHHKH He BXOAflTL Vb COCTaB'L yfeflHHXfc BpeCTBHH- 

ckhxx yqpeatflema, npoasBO^CTBO oCcii^OBaHia MoaerL 6wn> 

B03JO«eHO H Ha HCnpaBHHBOB'B). 

Bfo& flpypHxx ysasoHemfi, onyfaHBOBaHHiix'B 3a BTOpyio no- 
lOBHHy MHnyBmaro rofla, eiiayerB otm4thtb Bticoiailine yr- 
Bepat^eHHoe 22 <|>eBpaj[a 1894 r. MHiraie TocyflapcTBeHHaro Co- 
Bfera o nojwpti yspeamema ones* no pacTOiHTenHOCTn Ha^B 
HwieiaMH jhijx ropoftCRaro cocroaHia, He npHnHcaHHtixx k-b 
Byne?ecsHH f b h jffemaHCBaii'B otinjecTBajTB (co6p. ysaB. h pac. 
npaB. 1894 r. Jfc 148, ct. 1094, dp/ 3228).— Ho HOBOMy 
saBOHy ct. 2 OT#£jia II npniioat. wb ct. 150 t. XIV cb. 3aK. 
hb^. 1890 r. ^oiiOJiHeua CJii^yioiH,EM'L BTopuifB npHM^ameHi: 
„A* Jia 061 ynpeafleHiH onea* 3a paeTOHHTejiBHOCTB Ha^B jih- 
i^aMH ropoACsaro cocToama, He npanHcaHHUMii m> Kyne^ecKHMt 

H Mtn^aHCBHM'B otfmeCTBaiffB H, Wb ^aCTHOCTH, HaffB HeCOCTOfl- 

mHMH b*b Byne^ecTB^ hototheimh rpaataaHaMH, noTOMCTBeHHHMH 
h jehhhhmh, h HaffB jmjaMH, nojL3yioiii ( HMHCii npaBaMH no^eT- 
naro rpaamaHCTBa, pa3CMaTpHBaK*rca h pa3pfonai0Tca Henocpea- 
CTBeHHO no,pe3BamHMH ryCepncKHMH npaBJiemaMH wb cocTaBfc 
npncyTCTBia, ycTaHOBJieHHOMx ceio CTaTBeio, a b-b r. C.-IIeTep- 
6ypr& — cocTOamHMt npn C.-H-E. rpaflOHanajiBHHB* coBinja- 
•rejiBHmrB npncyTCTBieMx. B% ry6epHiaxx, r^fe ecTB rjiaBHue 
naqajiLHHKH, 03HaieHHua p$&a, npeflCTaBJiaiOTca Ha OBOEraaTeiB- 
Hoe Hxx pa3pimeHie a . 

flfljAe, onyfanBOBaHo Biico^aftme yTBepaEfleHHoe 30 Maa 

JR. DpBA. 06m. KB.V11 1895 I*. 7 



Digitized by 



Google 



-■% 



_ §S - 

i894 r. MH^me rocyaapcTBeHnaro CoB'fcra o6i HSMiHemn cy- 
mecTByiomaro b*b rytfepmax'b HapcTBa IIojBCEaro nopa^Ba CBpfoELi 
h noB^pKH bhhfb aKTOBX rpaatjaHCBaro cocToama, co,nepatH- 
mhx'b iffccTHHM'L npaBOcaaBHHM'B ffyxoBeHCTBOMt (cotfp. y3aK. H 
pacn. npaB. 1894 r., Jfe 115, ct. 832, dp. 2539).— Co- 
raacHO aTOMy H3irimemK>, Bt rytfepmax'B IJapcTBa HojbCBaro 
CKpfena h noBipna shots rpaamaHCRaro cocroaHia, BOTopna 
BeayTca npaBocjiaBHHM'E npEtxoflCBHiTB h BoeHHUMi ayxoBeH- 
ctbom'b, flOJHRHa npoH3BO,pfTBca 6jiaroTOHHHMH, a CKpfcna h no- 
BipKa rfcxt khhfb rpaayjaHcaaro cocToama, BOTopua Be^yTca 
caMHMH 6jiaroHHHHiiMH, ao-naura nporaBOjHTBca ApyraMH 6jaro- 
hhhhhmh, no Ha3Haqemio #yxoBHaro HanajBCTBa. 

HaROHeq'B, otm^thitb enje h Bnconaffme yTBepameHHoe 4 
mjiA 1894 ro^a uoJomeHie BOMHTera mhhhctpofb oflonymeHin 
OTcpo^eK-L h pascpo^CKi* wb yniarfc Bp'fenoarHHX'B noiiLinffB 
(co6p. y3aK. h pacn. npaB. 1894 r., JT: 148, ct. 1096, CTp. 
3230). TaKaa OTcporaa h pascporaa ynaaTH pa3pimaeTca mh- 
HucTpoMi (j)HHaHC0BT> b% cayiaax*, npH3eaBaeMBix r b ems par 

JRHTeJBHHMH, HO He CBHffle, itlTB Ha IMTB jfe*, HOffB yClO- 

BieMx Haffiaeatanjaro otfesneneHia OTcponireaeMOfi mh pascpo^n- 
BaeMoft nonunraH, h cb rkwb, hto6bi b3hocb ea npoH3BO#Mca 
ex ynjiaTOK) noJiynpoijeHTa bx Micai^ 3a ocTarontfaca bx floury 
cyMMU, a paBHO h co B3iiCBameMx neHH (ct. 223 ycT. noma. 
H3j. 1893 r.) sa HeecnpaBHHa bshocb cpoHHiixt n^aTeaeft. ^jra 
npHMieenifl 03HaqeHH08 MfcpH, bt> BH#fc ontiTa, HaaHaneHx 
Tpexji^THifi cpoBt co ffaa ea yTBepa^eHia. 

TpaiRAaBCBii npopecci. 

(Bmopan nojtoeuua 1894 toda). 

Bt o6jacTB rpasflaHCRaro npoijecca 3aBOHo#aTej[BCTBO bto- 
pofi noAOBHHH MHHyBiuaro ro^a BHecjro ohchb m&io HOBaro. 
Han6oji , ie BaatHHM* npeflCTaMaeTca nocTeneHHoe pacnpocTpa- 
neHie hobbdcb cyAe6HO-a^M HHHCTparaBHLixi> yHpe»,n;eHiil Ha ospaHHu 
HMnepin, oxBaTHBmee bi TeneHie pascMaTproaeMaro nepio.ua 

3Ha9HTeJIBHyK) HXX TOCTB Ha K)rO-BOCTOB4. 

TaRS, 6 iiOHa 1894 r. Buco^aftrae yTBepa^eHo MH^Hie To- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 99 — 

cyflapCTBemaro CoB^Ta o npHBe^eHin bx jjMcTBie 3aROHono.ao- 
aemft 12 iroja 1889 ro.ua o npeo6pa30BaHin M'fccTHiix'B KpecTB- 
ahckhx'b h cy^efiHHXt ynpeayieHia bi rytfepmax'B: AcipaxaH- 
CKofi, OaoHeijKOif, OpeHtfyprcKofl h y^HMCKofl (co6p. ysaK. h 
pacn. npaB. 1894 r., JVs 108, ct. 736, CTp. 2289).— Hobhmi> 
saitOHOMi, bx flonojiHeme h HSMiHeme npaBHJi'B o6t> ycTpofi- 

CTB* Cy^e^HOft TOCTH H npOHSBOACTB* CyfletfHHX'B fl*fcjTL BX M*CT- 

hoctax'e, bx KOTopHxi BBefleHO no.ao»eHie o aeMCKHXi yqacr- 
kobmx'l HanajrBHHKax'B (cb. 3aK., t. XVI, h. 1 H3#. 1892 r.) 
nocTaHOBJieHo: 1) bi r. AcTpaxaHH coctoatb MHpoBHe cynBH h 

MHpOBOt abfeflX Ha OCHOBaHlflX'B, OnpefffetteHHHX'B cy^edHHMH 

ycTasaMH h BHCO^afime yTBepat^eHHHMH 2 Maa 1878 r. Bpe- 
MeHHHira npaBHaaMH o6i> ycTpoftcTB* MHpoBHX^ cynetfHHX'B ycTa- 
HOBjemfi bx rytfepHiaxx AcTpaxaHCKofi h OpeH<5yprcKofl (BTop. 
nojH. co6p. 3aK. t. 53, JHs 58457). — 2) Pacxo^H no co#ep- 
maHiro MHpoBuxx cy^e6HHx , B ycTaHOBJieHiit bi ropOA* AcTpa- 
xaHH o6pamaHyrcfl Ha 3eMCKie c6opH AcTpaxaHCKofi rytfepHw. — 
3) Bnpeflt #o npeotfpaaoBama cy^e(5H0fl ^acra bo BHyTpeHHeif 

KHprH3CK08 Opffl H BX KaJMHIJKHX'B KOieBBflXX, BXO/PimHX'B BB 

npe^kiH AcTpaxaHCKofi ry6epmH, wh B^oMCTBa 3eMCKnxx Ha- 
qaatHHKOB'B, ropoACKHX'B cy^efl h yfo#HHX , B qjieHOB'B oicpyatHaro 
cyfla bx 03HaneHH0ft rytfepmH HsxeMJuoTca rpaamaHCRia aluia, 
BOTOpHa, no ^bflcTByiomHM'B ysaKOHemaM'B, hojlsreu pa36npaTBCfl 
bt> ocoCuxx cy^axx, yqpea&.a.eHHHX'B .pa HHopoweBi osHa^eH- 
ho8 rytfepmn, a paBHo ^ia no npocTyintairB, 3a KOTopne 06- 
BHHaeMHe no ( pe»aT'B OTBiTCTBeiraocTH npeflx Ha3BaHHHMH cy- 
^aMH. — Bx ^onojHeHie nojioaeHia o seyiCRUTh yiaerKOBHX'B Ha- 
qajBHEKaxx (cb. 3aa., t. IX, oco6. npnjr., no npofl. 1890 r., 
HI 1 ) nocTaHOMeHo: 1) npeflefcaaTe.iH yfe^HHxx vvb&nowb AcTpa- 
xaHCKofl ry6epmH h 3-iaToycTOBCKaro yfeaa Y^HMCKofi ry6. 
Ha3Ha^aK)Tca nopaflKOM'B, ycTaHORieHHHM'B bx daTB* 7^ hojio- 
mema o seMCKHXx ynacTBOBHxx Ha^aJBHHKax'B wa yfeflOBx, He 
HMiio^HX-L flBopaHCEaro npe.ncTaBHTe.iBCTBa. — 2) CyMMH, Ha3Ha- 
laeMBia na B03HarpamAeHie nepeBOA^HKOBx HHopo^ecKnx'B Ha- 
pinifi npH yfeflHBixx cxfe^axx rytfepmfi AcTpaxaHCKoft h OpeH- 
6yprcE0fl, omycKaioTCH bx pacnopaateHie m^cthhx'b ry6epHCKHX f B 

7* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 100 — 

npncyTCTBifl, ote KOTopuxi 3aBHCHTB pacnpex^ieme qtbxl 

CyMM'B Me»fly HOflBtAOMCTBeHHUMH HMl ObfeflaMH. — 3) CoCTOfl- 

mi2, BpeMeHHO, bx Y^hmckoitb ry6epHCKOM f B no BpecTBaHCBmcx 
A^jraMx npncyTCTBiH, p£& saaaria no pa3Me3B6BaHiH) 6amsHp- 

CBHXfc A^HX, MeaeBOft peBH30pX BBOAHTCfl B*B COCTaBt Y(J)HM- 

CKaro rytfepncRaro npncyTCTBia, ex coxpaHeHieMi BoaioaeH- 
hhxi na Hero saBOHonx otfasaHHOcreft ties* H3M*HeHia. — 4) 
Haceieme CTaHHu,i» AcrpaxaHCBaro h OpeH(JyprcKaro Kaaawnxx 
BoflCEt noflHHnaeTca Bfytftaiio bhobb odpasyemixx yciaHOBJieHifl 
jnncb bt> cyAe^HOMi OTHomemH, ci> H3MTieiix H3i> hxi b^om- 
CTBa fl&rb, noflcyflHHX'B, no saBOHy, MicrnHMt CTaHH^HLiM'B cy- 

flaMt. — C006pa3H0 CL yKa3aHHHMH H3M*HeHiaMH, TOBlfcHeHH H 

BBexeHu HOBLie urnm! h poenncamfl floaaHOcxeft, cb accHrao- 
BameMi> noTpeCHHX-L cyMMt H3T> rocyflapcTBemaro Ra3HaieficTBa. 
flflj&e, Toro-»e 6 iiona 1894 r. Buconafime yxBepat^eHO 
MHime Tocy^apcTBeHHaro CosiTa o npHBeflemH b* flMcTBie 3a- 
BOHonoJiomeHift 12 iHwui 1889 r. o npeb^pasoBamn KpecTwra- 
CEffX'L h cy^HMXt y*q>eJMeHift n bx OraBponoji&CROft rytfep- 
mn (co6p. ysas. h pacn. npaB. 1894 r., Jfc 120, ct. 898, 
CTp. 2692), — 3aBOHonojoaema ara (TpeT. nom co6p. sas., 
t. 9, J\s 6196) nocTaHOBJieHO pacnpocrpaHHTL Ha OraBponojrB- 
CRyio rytf., cb cotJjnoflemeM'B orikayionjHX'B oco6uxt> npaBHjra: 
1) HHopofflH ceil rytfepmH, Bnpe^b jo npeotipasoBama otfme- 
CTBeHHaro hx*b ynpaRieHLa, noaroHJHOTca B^Aimio ycTaHOBje- 
Hifi, oCpasyeMiixx Ha ocHOBaHin saKOHonoioateHifl 12 iioia 

1889 r., Jimnh vl cyAeCnoMt OTHomemH, h npn tomt> bt> npe- 
fffcaraxt cymecTByiomefi hhh4 noflcy#HOCTH chxt> HHopoaijeB'B 

M^CTHHlCb Cy#e()HO-MHpOBHM'B yCTaHOEiemflMX. Ha 03HaTCHHHX , B 

HHopoAi^eB'B He pacnpocTpanaeTca flMcTBie BpeMeHHuxx npa- 

BHJTB BOIOCmOM r b Cyfffc FL M$CTHOCT£X'B, Bt KOHXT> BBe^HO 

noAO»eme o seMCKHXi yHacmoBsxi HaiaJiBHHBaxi (cb. sas., t. 
IX, oco6. npiu., I, ct. 93, nprac. 3, npiu., no npofl. 

1890 r.). — 2) HenpeiciHHLie raeHu ry6epHCBaro npncyTCTBia, 
npeAC^A^TejiH yftsflmix* cvbsfftvb n seMCBie Ha^aumiKH Ha3- 
HanaiOTCfl nopjr^BOM'B, ycT&HOBjeHHmrB A&a. ry(5epmft h yfo^oB^, 
He HM'feioiipx'B ABopflHCBaro npeAcraBHTescTBa (ct. 16, 78 i 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 101 — 

107 noor. sen. Han.). — llpn flByx* toB y^peaB^aeMHXt wl ry- 
6epmn yfeflHHX'B OBfeflarB nojaraiOTca nepeBOflraBH m4ct- 
hhxi> HHopo^ecKHX'L Hapfoii. IlepeBOAHHBH tin icoryrB 6htb 

ROMaHAHpyeMH CBfeflaMH, npH BOTOpHXl OHH COCTOffTB, BX 

pacnopasenie rite* seMCSHxx HanajBHEKOBt, bi> yracrBaxfc 
BOTopHxi HaxoAflTCA HHopoflnecBia nocaseHia. — 4) OtiosaH- 
hocth, BOdJioseHHUH npaBHjajm o nopaflEfc npHBe^ema b*b 
^flcTBie nojioaeHiji o seiccBnx'B yHacTBOBiix-B HanajBHHBax* 
(npai. kx ct. 1, npHM. 2) Ha BpeiceHHHe yfeflHHe h rytfepH- 
CKie KOMHTerH, BOSjaraiOTca Ha coeflHHeHHoe npncyTCTBie rytfepH- 
csaro npaRiema h rytfepHCsaro no BpecTBOHCKHMi fl^am 
npncyTCTBia, cb ynacTieMt nposypopa MicTHaro OBpyaraaro cyfla 
h rjaBHaro npHdaBa EonyiomHX'B HapoflOBi. — Bm4ct* cb Thm> 7 
kb CraBponojiBCKoft rytfepmn BBe^eHH h cooTB&rcrByionue niTaTH 
h pocnflcama flOJUBHOcreft, npn tomx, bi> wcthocth, flora ropofla 
OraBponoJUi ynpesfleHu flB$ aojkbhocth ropoflcsaro cyflBH, a bi> 
flonojHeHie ki> niTaTy CraBponojcbCKaro OBpyjRHaro cyfla (BTop. 
hojh. co6p. saE., t. 42, JB 45261) — ab4 hobhji aojukhocth 
cyflefaaro npncraBa, cb accnrHOBameicB noTpetfmixfc cyMHx hsi 
rocyflapcTBeHHaro KasHaieficTBa. 

KpoM^ yKasaHHaro flonojiHeHia h H3M$HeHia mTaTOBi cyfletf- 
hhx'b m4ct , b, cflijaHH ewfi h4eotophje[ mwhRema sacaieiBHO 
pacnpeff&jeHia incjia cyflefaHX'B npHcraBOB* b* JlyijEOM'B, 
Cmojchckom-b h OpjoBCEOMi> 0Kpy»HHx r B cyflax'B (cotfp. ysas. 
h pacn. npaB. 1894 r., ct. 745, 1154 h 1220), a TaB»e h 
OTHOCHTejTBHO pacnpeflfoeHia flOJKgocreft HOTapiyca BiTyprafl- 
CBOfi o6jiacTH, bx YnaHCBofi craHHn* KytfaHCBoft o&iacni, b^ 
CapanyjiBCBOM'B yfc^fi BatcboB ry6epmn hbit. KopoHfc Kyp- 
CBOft rytfepmn (co(5p. ysas. h pacn. npaB. 1894 r., ct. 986, 
1075, 1076 h 1169). 

HasoHei^B, H3t flpyrnxi yaaKOHemjS, ony6jiHBOBaHHHX r B 3a 
BTopyio nojroBHHy MHHyBmaro rofla, rpasflaHCBaro npoqecca 
BacaeTca enje n Buco^aftme yrBepaweHHoe 30 mm 1894 r. 
MH^Hie TocyflapcTBeHHaro CoB^Ta o noflcyflHocra B03HHBaiomHX'B 
bi npefl^Jiaxx Byxapcsaro xaHCTBa rpaatflaHCBnxt fl-fcjra Meatfly 
rocyflapcTBeHHBiM^B tfaHBOM* h ^acTHHMH JumaMH (co6p. ysas. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 102 — 

h pacn. npaB. 1894 r., J6 118, ct. 857, CTp. 2649). HobhA 
.mKoiiT), bs> AonoJHeHie h HBarfraeHie nopejKamHX'B y3aKOHeHift, 
nocTaHOBJwerB, ito BosHHKaiomia b*b npe^ax'B ByxapcKaro 
xaHCTBa rpaayjaHCKiJi x&ia Mem^y rocyAapcTBeHHHM'b (JaHKOMfc 
h qacTHHMH jiKUflME nofljeaaTB b^^hIk) MHpOBaro Cy^bH Bt 
r. Byxap* h CaMapBaH^CKaro ofaacTHaro cyaa, no npHHa^jrea- 
hocth, bt> npeflfcjaxx noflcyaHOCTH h Ha ocHOBaHiaxx, yKasaH- 
huxi> Bt noioseHiH o6i> ynpaMeHia TypKeciaHCKHMi RpaeMi. 



Digitized by 



Google 



XPOHHKA ITAffl/UHCKArO CW 

RbAO cHHAHitaTa caxapo3aBoxHBKOBi ci> 0. H. BacsaKOBofi. 

Bu^aiomaaca poJB, KOTopyio HrpaerB b'l coBpeMeHHOft 9ko- 

HOMHHeCBOfl -KH3HH fflHpOEOe pa3BHTie CHHflHKaTOB'B, HaHHHaeT'B 

Bee name ocTaHaBMBaTB Ha ce64 o6mecTBeHHoe BHHMame He 
tojbko 3arpaHHijeH), ho h y Hac* b% PocciH, vfifb opraHH3aijia 
CHHAHKaTOB'L 3a Koporaift, cpaBHHTe-iBHo, nepioffB BpeiieHH ycirtjia 

3aXBaTHTBHpe3BHHafiH006fflHpHHH O^JiaCTH IipOMUmJieHHOCTH, XOTil 

o^HiUajtBHO cymecTByiomHM'B y Hact bbjulwch noKa jhiiil chh- 
AHsarB caxaposaBOA^HKOBt, BOSHUKmifl Bt 1887 roay. 

Bt> cocTaBx BToro CHHAHRaTa Bonuro 183 aaBOAa cb ro^o- 
bumi npoHSBOACTBOM'B b^ 18 mho. ny^OB'B caxapa; Bfffe CHH- 
AHKaia ocTaBaJOCB jihihb oeojio 50 BpynHiixx saBOflOB'B, ho h 
H3i> hhx-b oneHB MHorie npHCoe#HHHJiHCB k'b CHHAHBaTy yaeBt 
cjrfwyjonjeMfc roay. CoraacHO aoroBopy yqacrHEKOBx cHHflHKaTa, 
hopmh npoH3Bo^CTBa ,pa Baaflaro 3aBO^a 6wm ycTaHOBjenu 

FL 3aBHCHMOCTH OTB HpeJRHHXfc pa3M4pOBT>, OpH WWb B*B H0- 

caiayiomie ro^Li Taste hopmh momh mswhrnmhCA paBHOMipno 

flJIJI BCfcXfc yTOCTHHKOBl, Vb 3aBHCHM0CTH OTB COCTOflHLH piIHKa 

h ypoBHfl h4bpb. Ha tfjraa&aftmee Bpeita noTpetfHOCTB BHyTpeH- 
hhxx phhrobi b*b caxapi (Jma onpe^ieHa b'b o6meM*B otb 
21 #0 23 mhjiji. ny#., a HSJiHmeK'B npoH3BO^CTBa flOJiJKeH'B 6hjix 

BHBOSHTBCfl Ha SarpaHHHHHe pHHKH. B'B 1890 r., npn 3aKJK>- 

qemn KOMnamH, h pp HacToanjaro ro#a BRjuoiirrejrBHO, HopMa npo- 
AyKTa, BunycKaeMaro Ha BHyTpeHHie pbihkh, 6ujl& noBBuneHa 



Digitized by 



Google ^_ 



— 104 — 

Ha 2 mhjli. nyflOBs, KOTopixe pacnpefffcaeHH paBHOiribpHO iceamy 
bc6mh saBO^aMH. KojraraecTBO ate npoayKTa no^Jieaiamaro BHsosy 
3a rparaijy, corjiacHO nocrfwHeny corjiamemio, MoaaerB no,pe- 
sara, no yCMOTpiiHiio KOMHTeTa, yBaraqeHiro, ho He CBHme 
7 f /2 °/ hopmh, npeflHa3HaHeHHoft Kt BHnycEy Ha BHyrpeHHie 
Phhbh, npn 4eMi» cBHfl&reJBCTBa o bhbo3$ npoayKTa 3arpaHmjy 
AOjhehbi npe#CTaBJuiTBCfi bt> KOMHTero He nosae 15 xnefi no 
HCTeneniH HasHaneHHaro cposa. 

Otfmie BceBosMoatHnxi ycaoBift, orpaHHraeHifl h otfasareJB- 

HUXX HOpMl flO TOrO CBJISHBaerB OTfffcjBBHXfc HJieHOB'B CHH- 

AHsaTa, *to eve caMoexoirrejBHHX'B xosaeBi npeanpiaTia ohh 
npeBpamaioTca hchosbojib b-b patfoB* caMoro CHHflHKaia; xaKaa 
nocTeneHHaa 8B0JTK>ijia He o(5xo,nHTca, KOHeiHO, fiesi hophbob'b 

OTfl'fejBHHX'B qjeHOBt CHHflHKaxa B*B tfOJCBUiefl HJLH MeHBHieft U$]& 
OCJia^HTB, TJ$ B03MO»HO, CBfl3£IBaiOn^ifl HXfc y3H, TTO HMtOTB 
O^TiaKO CBOHM'B o6UBHOBeHHBZM'B nOCjrfiflCTBieM'B JHHIB B03HHBH0- 

Benie npoijecca o HencnojiHeniH ycaoBift aoroBopa h Tpe6oBa- 
nie cHi^HKaTOMt paa.in^HMX'B HeycToeKi, bi> 6ojbhihhctb4 c*y- 
qaeBi aobojbho KpynHBai. 

BecBica HarjLoxHoA imuocTpaijiefl TaKoro nojosema HjenoBi 
CHH,piEaTa cjyatHTi pastfnpaBineeca 13-ro MapTa cero ro#a bt> 
KieBCKOMt oKpyaiHOMx cyfffc pjhjiQ no HCKy npeacxaBHTeaefi chh- 
AHKaia caxaposaBo^HHBOB'B rpa^oBx B. Bo6psHCBaro h I. IIo- 
Ton^Karo, .popaffB 3. MaHBKOBCBaro h B. Ko3aKOBCKaro, no- 
TOMCTBeHHaro noneTHaro rpa»flaraHa B. Chmhpchko, Kynija 
K). BepireftMa n mseffijapcKaro rpaamamHa A. (ftoHB-JIopem'B- 
36jiHHa kb jEefffc noAnojROBHH&a OxuA HnKOjaeBH-fc Bacsaso- 
BOft m> cjuwk 101,602 py(J. BeyeroftKH sa Hencno-iHeHie flo- 
roBopa o BHB034 caxapnaro necKy sarpamnjy. flfoio bto npn- 
BJieiuio ex ce(Sfc Bceo6m.ee BHHMame He tojbko wl cpe^i 3a- 

BOflHHKOB'B H 6HpSeBHX'B pfcxbUfiBbj HO H B*B TOft ?aCTH Hy6- 

meh, KOTopaa icaio 3HaEOMa cb TexHHEOio h npieicaMH CHHfllr 
KaTOB'B — aroxB bojioccob'b npoMmnjieHHaro Mipa. 

Co CTOpOHU HCTD.OB'B BHCTynHJTB BieBCftiS np&CAJSHllfi HO- 

BipenHBifl roiB^eHBefeepx, a co CToponu otb^t^hi^i oxeccxi# 
npHcasnuft noB^peHHHfi JI. KynepHmcB. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 103 — 

Bfeft JORIMft fl*** BKWCHHJIOCB, OTO BJiafl'fcjIBHH CBesjio-ca- 

xapHHTB h necoHHO - pa^HHaflHEncB sasoAora, noHMeHOBaHHtie 
bt> ^oroBop-fe, jiBieHHOifB y RieBCRaro HOTapiyca CKop^eiH 1 7 naa 
1890 r., BCTynHJH neatly eo6oro bx corjameme o bhbo3*6 sa- 
rpasmjy H3B4crnoft iacrn BiipatfoTaHHaro Ha nxt aaBO^axi 
eaxapa bi nepk)jc& nponsBoacTBa 1891 — 1895 r.r. 06a3aTejB- 
homj no c©My joroBopy BHBOsy 3a rpanmty co ctopohh ram- 
xaro H3X yHacTHHKOB* eorxameHia noflie»HT r B bi> Eaa^nfl ne- 
pioffB caxaponapeHia tojbko H3jrinneK'B npoH3BOflCTBa. PasMtpx 
se HaramBOBi ftia Hanaro sasofla BHfloroir&HaeTca bt> saBH- 
chmocth otl sojiraeeTBa Bcero BiipatfoTaHHaro Ha newb m> 
Kaas^Hfi AftHHufl nepioff* eaxapa. Kojihtoctbo bto aBJiaeTca, 
eaMo co6ok) pasyMierca, BeaHranoio HenocToaHHOio, noroMy h 
h&ehiheh npoHSBO^CTBa otfpasyioTO He nocTe&HHyio, a nepeirira- 
hjto BejOTHHy. KojaqecTBo eatero^Haro npoH3BOflCTBa Ha 3aBO- 
aaxi» y^acTHHKOB'B ^oroBopa no^asfffuiaeTca Ha Tpn pytfpHra: 
cnepBa H^en> KopeHHaa Hopna, s&rhwh ycjOBHaa Kb Heft npn- 
6aBxa h, sacHMi, jthihb to, hto npoHSBe^eHO saBOflOMt cBepxx 
BTHxt AByxx cjaraeMHX^, no ( pe»HT r & otfasaTeji&HOMy BHB03y co 

CTOpOHH yiaCTIIHKOB'L flOrOBOpa, BaBl H3JHHIBH HXX HpOH3- 

BOflCTBa B^ flaHHHfi nepioffB. ynacTHHKH floroBopa, no § 4, 
o6a3aHH bt> Kaaypift nepioflfc npoH3BOACTBa Beet yweHHuft Ha 
aasoA* am asi^a caxapi, ROTopuft noayraTca CBepxx BopeH- 
Hoi HopMu cb yoiOBHOft npHtfaBEOft, bhbo3htb sarpammy ao 
1 Mafl Kaanaro nepioaa. A no § 7 Ha hhxi aeawrrB otfa3aH- 

HOCTB, npH H3B*CTHHXl 0<fcTOaTeJBCTBaX , B, BHB03HTB, HO OCO- 

6ony nocTaHOBjeniK) CHHflHKaTa, h cboh) ycjOBHyio u% KopeH- 
HOft Hopwfc npn6aBKy. Bee KOjnraeeTBO eaxapa, KOTopoe irojiy- 
HHTca Ha 3aBoj^ bi> eslmruH nepiofft flO i^H^pu BOpeHHOft HOpMH 
ero, Haxo^HTca bx cboCoahom'b pacnopaacemH Bjia#6j[Bija 3aBO,na 
h BHHycKaeTca hm*, no ero cotfcTBeHHOMy ycMOTp-fcHiio, Ha BHyr- 
peniuft pHHOKt (§ 2); to ate, hto 6ynevb BHpa6oTaHo CBepxi 

BOpeHHOft HOpMH flO IJH<|>pH yCJOBJieHHOft Bt Heft npn(5aBKH, He 

MoserL 6htb BHnyn^eHO Ha BHyTpeHHifl piiHOKi 6es% ocodaro 
o toipb nocTaHOBJEema npeflCTaBHTejieft (§ 8). Bt § 15 #oro- 
Bopa nepeHHCJiemj juma, EOTopua, no ffie-iamio h npocb6i 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 106 — 

Bcixx ocTajibHHxi y^acTHHKOBt aoroBopa, npHHHJiH Ha ce(5a bx 
Ka^ecTBi npe^CTaBHTeieft n&6jnojifime 3a HcnoraeHieMx floro- 
Bopa h botophmx npeaocTaBJieHO, bx codaB* He MeBrifee mecTH, 
tf-kaaTB pacnopaateHia OTHOCHTejBHO nopa^Ka BHB03a H3jramBOBx, 
npiocTaHOBjemH ero h npoi. (Bx qncjrfe araxx rati Haxojprrea 
h rfe, otx HMenn eohxx npeaxaBJieHx 6wn> Hacroamift hcbx). Bx 
§ 18 ycTanoBJieHa HeycToftKa Ha cjiy^afi HencnojHeHia o6a3aH- 
HocTeft no ^oroBopy; OHa 3a&iK>iaeTCfl bx HSBicraoft cyMirfj, 
yujia^HBaeMofi ex nas^aro HeflOBHBeseHHaro nyja, npn tomx 
cyMMa OTa yBeraraBaeTca ^ 2 p. 50 s. ex nyja. HeycTofiKa 
ara floouBHa 6htb BHOciraa npeflCTaBHTeaaMx, a ex HencnpaB- 
hjhxx noiaTejiBmHKOBx OHa B3HCBHBaeTca cyaetfHHMx nopa#EOMx, 
upe^CTaBHTeMMx ate npnHa,pejKHTx npaBo ocbo<5o»aotb Ea»- 
aaro H3x yqacTHHKOBt AoroBopa otx ynaaTH HeycToflBH, ecin 
ohh npH3HaioTx, ito npoMeflaeHie bx bubos* npoHSOHMO 6e3x 
ero bhhbi. BHeceHHM npeacTaBHTeiaMX hjh B3HCBaHHHa hmh 
HeycTonqniifl aeHBra, no hxx ycMOTpiniio, ynoTpetf-iaiOTca Ha 
HOKynny h aBenopTx caxapa 3arpaHHn.y mh pacnpe^fejaioTca 
Mea&ay ocTajfcHHMH y^acTHHKaMH AoroBopa. 

Bx *mcjrfe yiacTHHKOBx aoroBopa 17-ro Maa 1890 r. co- 
CToaax Bji&jijhjLen'b An^pyuiEOBCKaro caxapHaro 3aB0ja hotom- 
CTBeHHHfi noneTHHfl rpaat^aHHHx H. 0. IIohobx. BuBexeHHaa 
HopMa jyui ero 3aBO.ua cocTaBJiaeTx 100,800 nya., a ycaoBHaa 
npn6aBEa 13,104 ny^., TaKx tto, Tasx HasHBaeMHe, h3jhhieh 
HaqnnaiOTca nocjrfc BHpa6oTBH Ha 3aBoa$ bx oahhx h TOTxase 
nepioflx 113,904 ny^. 06a3aHHOCTH no OTHomeHiro bx BHBOsy 
eo ctopohh BJiaffkiBija AHflpymBOBCBaro 3aBO*a 3a npeatHie ne- 
pio#u HcnojHeHu; bx nepioax »e 1893 — 1894 r. 3aBoax ne- 
pemeax otx IIonoBa ex floqepn ero, no Mjaty EaeEaBOBoft, 
otx EOTopott nocTynHJH bx (Jiopo npeacTaBHreaeft, npn hhcbm4 
otx 21 aHBapa 1894 ro^a, 504 py6. bx ynaaTy B3Hoea, jjh- 
jiaeMaro yqacraHBaMH aoroBopa no § 16 OHaro Ha pacxoju 
no 6iopo, t&mx h BMpaaeHO 6ujio cooacie hoboA BjafffcanijH 
saBo^a npHHHTB #oroBopx 1890 r. bx HcnojiHeHiio. KpoirfcToro, 
bx isaflBJiemH otx HMem BJia^iHipi AH^pyniBOBCBaro 3aBojta 
otx 4 <J>eBpajia 1893 r , nojnncaHHOMx MyaeMx ea B. Eacsa- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 107 — 

kobhm'b, BwpaaeHa npoctda o#b yBeaHieHiH hopmh ao 125,000 n. 
XoflaiaflcTBO 3to, RaR* BHxo#amee Hat npefffejOBi ROMneieHiuH 
npe,ncTaBHTejrefi h hxx 6iopo, ocTaBJieno 6ujio 6esT> nooa^CTBiS, 
ct yB'i.noMJieHieM'B o tomi npocnTejiBHHijLr. Bcjrfefft 3a chmx, 
AH^pyniKOBCBifi aaBOflt nepecTaat HcnojuuiTB cboh otfjmHHOCTH 
no BHB03y, ne CMOTpa Ha to, hto bi> nepioflB 1893 — 1894 r. 
cocToaJOCB nocTaHOBjeme npe^CTaBHTeJieif o bhbo34 3arpaHHq,y 
Bcixi H3JIHUIKOBI caxapa 3a 03naieHHHfi nepio^t, CBepx* ro- 

peHHLIX'B HOpMX. 

BcaiflCTBie cero BaaA'&jiHija AnflpyniKOBCRaro 3aBO.ua, Ha 
ocHOBamH ct. 569, 570 h 1583 h. 1 t. X cb. 3aK. h § 18 
floroBopa, h 6HJia npHBaenena npeflCTaBHTeaaMH r-b ynjiarfe He- 
ycTofiKH, pasifSpx Koefi onpe^JieTca cxfe.nyioinHM'B o6pa30Mi»: 
bx TeiemH nepio,a;a 1893 — 1894 r. Ha AH^pyniKOBCKOMi aa- 
boa* B3BinieHO h y^TeHo 64jaro caxapHaro necKy 141,441 ny#. 
36 4>yn.; a TaRx KaKi KopenHaa HopMa ero 100,800 ny#., to 
KOJH^ecTBo caxapa, no,pemaBmaroBHB03y,paBH,aeTCtf 406,41 ny#. 
wo npn HeycToflB r fe cl Raayjaro ny^a bi pasM^pi 2 p. 50 k., 
otfpasyerB cyMMy bi» 101,602 py6., b^ RaROBOfl cyMM* h npefli- 
ABaeHo 6hjo HCKOBoe TpefioBame, aa Heno.ay<ieHieM'B otb Eac- 
KaKOBOi! OTB^Ta Ha npefl-aoaReirie CHH^HKaTa o #o6poBOJiBHofi 
ynjark HeycToftRH. 

IIpeflBapHTeJiBHo pa3CMOTp4Hiji Bonpoca o aaROHHofl chji* 
caMaro aoroBopa caxapaaaBO^HROB'B, BOsCym&ewb 6ujn> Bonpocs* 
npoi^eccyajiBHaro CBoScTBa: noBipemiHii otb4ttob(h HaxoflHJFB, 
hto hcrx HenpaBHjiBHO npeA^HBJieHfc otb jiHija 7-mh npe^CTa- 
BHTeaeft CHH^HKaTa; nocjrfe#Hie Moryra aBJuiTBca, no ero mh4- 

HiH), TOJBRO BTE> pOJIH nOB'fcpeHHHX'B BCtxl yiaCTHHROBl flOrO- 

Bopa, MoryrB ,/$flCTBOBaTB tojibko otx HMena nocj'fe^HHX'B, flju 

HEX* H BO HMfl HX*B HHTepeCOB'B, RJIK TOrO H UOCTaHOBJieHO, 
TTO BCfe y^aCTHHRH BH^aiOTB npeflCTaBHTe.MM'B flOBtpeHHOCTH; 

noaTOMy npe^BflBJiaTB hcri jihiho oti ce6a, 6e3T> ynoJiHOMonia 
Bcfexx ynacTHHROBi floropoBa, npe^CTaBHTeJiH He hm'Siotb npaBa. 

(>B CBOeff CTOpOHH, nOB^peHUHfi HCTIJOBl flORa3HBaJTB, hto ao- 

B^pHTejiH ero MoryrB BHCTynHTB bi pojra hctijob'b yate bx BH^y 
Toro o6cToaTejBCTBa, ito ohh TaRase yuacraHRH ^oroBopa, 3a- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 108 — 

HHTepecoBaHHHe bt> HcnojHemH ero OTK&winjeft; KpoM$ Toro, 
no floroBopy Ha hhxx B03ao»eHa otfasaHHOCTB HafaroflaTB sa 
BHB0303KX caxapa, nojiynaTb HeycTOfoy h pacnoparaaTBca ero Ha 
noKynsy h BRcnoprB caxapa hjih ate Ha pacnpefffcaeme ea Mesay 
ynacTHHKaMH #oroBopa; B&rfcflCTBie cero, no MHtairo noBftpeH- 
Haro hctijobi, hmx npHHMjeaHTb npaBO TpetfoBaTB BSHOca btoA 
HeycToten, npn^eicB anajrorHrairit ciyiaft yme paaphmeHt npa- 
BHTejBCTByiomHM'L ceHaTOM* Bt CMucxfc npH3Hank aapacnopa- 
AHTejieMi H3B r fecTHaro sanHTajia npaBa B3HCKama ero cyxetfauKB 
nopii^KOMx. 

3a chitb, B[eHTpaj[BHufi HHTepecx #&Jia xrpexcvBMXJio otfcya- 
Aeme Bonpoca o chj£ caMaro aoroBopa h o npaBi ero Ha 
cyaetfHyio 3anjHTy. 

IIoBipeHHHft HcmoBi yKasaoifc npe»ae Bcero Ha to, to> 
^oroBopL, noJioateHHMft bt> ocHOBame Hacroamaro ncita, Ha- 
ctojbko cy^ecTBeHHo OTJunaerca otb ofiHRHOBeHHuxi tforoBO- 
poBi, as KOTopHMH cyjjairB npaxoflHTca hm^tb ff&JO, hto paa**- 
acHemio ero HCTHraaro CMHcaa aojurho hocmthtb ocotfufl som- 
MeHTapift. OcotfeHHOCTB &roro aoroBopa aBCTByerB yate Hstnep- 
Baro nymtTa ero, bi KOTopoMt onpefffcaeH'B npeflMert corjiame- 
Hia h cajioe HaaHaneHie ero. Owl raacHTB: npraraBaa Heotfxo- 
Ahmhmi, jpa npeflOTBpamenia nepenojHema BHyTpeHHaro pxraita 
caxapoM^, BCTynHTB Meatfly co6oro, no npniApy npe&H&xi aira, 
bx cooameHie o bhbo3% sarpamijy h3B^cthoS iacTH Bupatio- 
TaHHaro Ha saBOflaxx caxapa bi nepioflu nponsBOflCTB'B 1891 — 
1892 no 1894 — 1895 r.r., y^acTrara cero joroBopa cum* 
otfasyiOTca flpyrB nepe^B apyroM'B h, t. #. Hsi BToro bh^ho, 
hto odasaHHOCTB, npnraTaa Ha ce(5a y^acTHUKaicn AoroBopa, 
3aKJM0HaeTca bx bhbo34 HSBicraofi tocth caxapa sarpaHHijy; 
ito ffknaerca aro ,pa npeflOTBpamema nepenojraeHia BHyrpeH- 
Haro piiHKa, h tto BTOMy coiMamemio npejniecTBOBaJio apyroe, 
wl npeame ro.pi. ^to Kacaerca noorikflHaro otfcToaieJBCTBa, 
to s*flCTBHTeiBHO, aoroBopy 1890 r. npeffnecTBOBaJiH .pa^py- 
rnxi: nepBufl otb 28 anpfoa 1887 r. h BTOpoif otb 14 anpluia 
1888 r.; bc£ ohh bm4ct6 npeflCTaBMrorb co6oro ropHAH^ecByro 

OCHOBy TOTO, TTO HOJyHHJO B*B 06m,eCTBeHH0M'L MHifliH H Bl> 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 109 — 

newrH HasBame caxapHofi hopmhpobbh h cymecTByera y»e 
m> TenemH bocbmh xfers, Haira&a cb 1887 r. BHyTpeHHaa 
CBA3B araxx xoroBopoBx iieamy co6oio ycTaHaBJEBaerca ex 4>op- 
MajiBHol cropoHH Tbwb, ito m> onpe;rlaeHiH BecBMa cyme- 
CTBeHHnx'B jLjBXTOVb coraamema BasxHtf nocjrfjflyiomift joro- 
Bopx cciiaaeTca Ha cooTB^TCTByiomii nyHEra npeamecTByiomaro. 
IIo cyn^ecxBy ae 9th Tpn aoroBopa CBaaami cbohmx HasHaie- 
meirc, KOTopoe BiiparaeHO btb nepBOMx nyHsri saamaro H3i> 
hexx, h saBi nctspofiHie caasaHO bx nepBiixx .pyxx joroBO- 

paXX, COCTOHTL BX TOMX, HT06h BHB03HTB 3arpaHHIjy H3B$CTHyK> 

qacTB caxapHaro npoH3BO#CTBa „aih HSxaTia cycqecTByionjaro 
HSJfimsa caxapa Ha BHyTpeHHeirb pbihk* h ,pa npeAOTBpame- 
Hia BepenoaHema HHa6ynymeeBpeMa a . Ho^b caoBOM* „Haum- 

KH a 9R0H0MHCTH pa3yM4lOTB vk HpOflyBTH npOfl&BOflCTBa, ROTO* 

pne npeBocxoflar* enpocx Ha hhxx h cbohmt> noaBaemeM'B Ha 
pmHB$ npoH3BOAarB M&JLeme Ha n,toy aaHHaro TOBapa, poHaa 
ee HHse ctohmocth caMaro nponaBOflCTBa, hto cayauirB aocTa- 
tohhhmx, no MHfcmio noB-fcpeHHaro hctijobx, onpaB^aHiem ,pa 
caMaro cymecTBOBaaia aoroBopa, HanpaBa&HHaro kx npeaoTBpa- 
meHiio yxasaHHaro noaoateHia, h BecB Bonpocx, noaroMy, 3a- 

KHOiaeTCH JHIHB BX TOMX, HM&ffHCB JH y HaCL w H3JHniEH a BX 

caxapHOMx npoHSBOflCTBi bo BpeiieHH 1887 r. h 6wlo jh aa 
jhho nepenpoHBBOACTBO b-b arofi OTpacan npoMHmaeHHOCTH, bo- 
Topoe noAaBjaiom^Mt o6pa30Mi> ^ftcTBOBaao Ha ptiHOHHua i^hij 
h FposHJO caMOMy cyn^ecTBOBaHiio btoA HHflycTpm? Ha btotb 
Bonpoct, no mh$hw HOB^peHHaro hcth.obx, jiajorb yTBepflHTeaB- 
Hiifl oTBirb cooTB-hTCTByiomw nocTaHOBjema, nonrtmeHHua bb 
w co6p. ysan. npacn. npaBHT. a A HMeHHO, wb Buco^&fhuewb no- 
BeairaiH otb 4 Hoa6pa 1886 r. 3Ha*HTca: „npeflocraBHTB ms- 
HHcrpy ^HHaHCOBx noflBeprayTB 6aHatafimeMy otfcyamiemio boh- 
pocx bo3Hoshocth h cnoco64 oBasama CBeiuocaxapHofi npo- 

MUHLieHHOCTH BaBOTO JH(50 HHaJTO, BpOM* OpeMlH 3a BBIB03<b, 

BOcnoco6aema bx BHXOfly hsx Hacroamaro Taa&saro noao»e- 
Hifl a . ^aa$e, kb tomx ate roay onytfaHBOBaHo Buconafimee 
yTBepaueHHoe noaoseme BOMHTeTa mhhhctpobx otb 30 MapTa 
1886 r. ^o, M$pax?> kt> ydpaHeaiio KpnsHca vh CBeBaocaxap- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— iio — 

hoi! npoMinnjieHHocTH". Bt> TeKerifc aToro y3aR0Henia Tame 
npe,parae*rca mhhhctpy ^HHaHCOBi bo8th vl faHsafimee 06- 
cyjRfleme npe^nojioffieHifl 061 ycTaHOMeHin oco6aro noBumeH- 
Haro aKiprea Ch Morymaro noaBHTBca vh eaxapHOirB npoH3BOA- 
ctb* H36uTKa caxapa. Ho OTHomeHiio m> apyroMy Bonpocy: cjy- 
muvb jh bhbo3 , b caxapa 3arpaHHn,y noaxoflamBrarB epe^CTBOM^ 

flJW 6opt6H CT& KpH3HCOMl, TaiUKe flaiOTt OTB^Tt COOTBtTCTByH)- 

m;ia nocTaHOBjrema, onytfjiHKOBaHHHa bi „co(5p. ysaK. h pacn. 
npaBHT." A HMeHHO, 12 iioaa 1885 r. npaBHTejBCTBoarB yera- 
HOBjeHa 6tuia npeaiia bi pasM'hpt oflHoro py&ia 3a Raayjtiff 
nyfl* BHB03HMaro 3a rpaHHijy caxapa. H3x aToro noBipeHHHtf 
hctijob'b saKHonaeTTb, hto bhbo3 , b He TOJBKO oflotfpaesioe, HO npflMO 
HOKpoBHTejiBCTByeMoe npaBHTejiBCTBOM'B cpe^CTBo: 9-ro Hoatfpa 
1885 r. npeMii Ha BMB03HMuft caxapa 6ujlb, CHOBa npoaoj- 
»eHa, xoia yse bt» pa3M r fepi He o^Horo py6xa, a 85 koh. cx 
ny,na. Kt> M^paMi Bocnoco&ieHia caxapHoft npoMHinjreHHHOcra 
othochtch enje Bnco^affme yTBepawHHoe 16 <|>eBpaja 1887 r. 
noioateHie KOMHTeia mhhhctpobx npHHiiTln otb caxapo3aBOfl- 
^HKOBTb, bt> men* onjaTu aRiiH3a, HaoraqHaro caxapa, ROTopuft 

HHKTO He HM'fceT'B HpaBa BHHyCKaTB Ha BHyTpeHHifi pBIHORX, 

noKa n,iHa Ha Hero He flocTHTHerB HSB^craaro ypoBHa, a jo 
T-fexi nopx ohx bubo3htc» 3arpaHHn,y. IIpHBeseHHBifi pa^B npa- 

BHTeJIBCTBeHHHX'B wb^l> Vb TeHeHM H'fcCEO.IBKHX'B J'feT'B HO^pa^'B 

HOKasiiBaeT'B, hto uojioateHie npoMHinjieHHOCTH ct&io RpHTiree- 

CKHlfB He HO KaKHMTb HH6y^B CJiy^aftHHM'L, a opraHHiecMM'B 

npniHHaM'B. EpaBHTejiBCTBO, noBTOMy, CTajo OTHocHTejfBHo ca- 
xapHaro Rpnsnca Ha to^Ry apiHia BcnOMomecTBOBamfi. Oho 
ynoT e6njro i^JiHii pa^B HanpaB.aeHHHX'B rx TOMy nojoatHTeJB- 
hhx-b M^ponpiaTitt. Pa&ffHHHHe npoeRTu, b% po^i flonojHHTejiB- 
Haro aBi^Hsa na H3JiHmne Bupa6oTaimMft caxapx hjih Ra3enHofi 

HOpMHpOBKH, BiipatfaTHBaJIHCB B*B MHHHCTepCTB$, HO RpOlffc TOrO, 

mhhhctpx <J)HHaHCOBi» npe ( po»HJi r B npe^CTaBHTejraM^ caxapo3a- 
bo^hkob'b o^paTHTBca m> caMonoMonjH, otfiiijaa, CB CBOefi CTO- 
pOHH, COflfcftCTBie. Bl> CBOeMX ^OEJa^i KOMHTeTy mhhhhctpobi 

otb 5 OKTatfpa 1886 r. mhhhctp'b ^HHaHCOBi 3aaBHJTB, ^to 
3aBo^HHKH Morjra, no ero MH^Hiio, o6pa30BaTB Me»^y C06010 



Digitized by 



Google 



-iii- 

CHH^HBarB, ex n$jn>w> H3XHT& H3X otfpameHHi Ha BHyTpeHHHxx 
ptraBaxx sanacu caxapa, cocTaBjfliomie bx #aHHoe BpeMa h36h- 
roKX, noaaRMiomHMx otfpasoMx fl'fcttcTuyiomitt na i$hh, h sa- 
•rfmx ^acTB9Toro 3anaca BUBecTH ^ja npo,na7RH3arpaHHny, nacTtae 
coxpaHHTB ao tfoirte tfaaronpiflTHaro BpeMeHH bx Poccin. Orciofla 
h flBHJOCB nepBoe corjaiueme caxapo3aBOfl«JHKOBx 28 anpiuui 
1887 r., BnocjrifeACTBiH jBaw.pi B03o6HOMeHHoe, Baicx arfepayita- 
;*annaa h oaotfpeHHaa caMHMx npaBffrejbCTBOMx. HpaBHTejiBCTBO, 
3a chmx, erajio BH^aBaTB npejriio 3a bhboshmhA caxapa hsx cbohxx 
cpejCTBx jihiiil saHMOotfpasHo, h cyMMa BHflaHHuxx npeMiif 
no^Jiesaja B03BpaTy co ctopohu caxaposaBOjHHBOBi bx TenemH 
wrapexx jrfrrx, npn tomx npeMiio noaynajx totx, kto bh- 
boshjix, a nonojHMTb ee Kaani aojhehh 6hjh bc6 3aB0fl<raKH 
nyreMx aonojHHTejBHaro kx aKijH3H0My ofijioateHia Kam^aro 
ny^a BiipatfaTHBaeMaro Ha hxx saBO^axx caxapa. CnepBa npeiritf 
6tua HasHa^eHa jehhib 3a caxapx, BMBeaeHHtifl #o 1-ro jmpapa 
1886 r.; 3aTfcMX cpoKx btotx npo,peHx ;*Ba»#w #o 1-ro iio-ia 
Toro-»e ro#a, npn tomx MHHHCTpy <|>HHaHCOBx npeaocTaBJieHO 
6hjio otfxaBinx bo Bceofinjee CB^-feme, hto cpoKx btotx Bnpe#i> 
npoflOMcaeiix He 6y#eTx. 9to pacnopaaeme, bx cbash cx 
npe&ioaeHieMX MHHHCTpa $HHaHCOBx caxapo3aBOAWKaMx otfpa- 
THTBca kx caMonoMomn, yKa3HBajo Henocpe^cTBeHHO, no Mff&Hiio 
noB-fepeHHaro hctijobx, ito bx btomx HanpaMemH ohh #oji»hh 
npeAnpHHHTB cobokyiihllh wipu caMonoMomn, He pa3c?HTUBaji 
Ha Kpe^HTx otx npaBHTejiBCTBa. TaBHMx nyTeiix caxapo3aBoa- 
tobh 6usa npHBe^eHH bx H^ei HeotfxoflHMOCTH hphhatb Ha 
ce6fl jo6poBO»Ho bhbo3x sa rpammy h3Mihkobx caxapa, pac- 
npe^i-iHBx conpaaeHHHe ex bthmx Tpy^H h acepTBH # cx Haa- 
B03iioaHofl cnpaBe^JiHBOCTbK). Bx noflTBepafleme Toro, yto bbi- 
bo3x caxapa conpaaceHx ex nOTepeio, noBipeHHuS hctijobx 
cocjajca na ct. 22 otfujaro TaMoaeHHaro Tapn<j>a, H3X Koett 
bh,jho, hto norajHHa Ha npHB03Hiitt caxapx Ha3HaieHa bx 3 h 
4 py6. 30JOtomx: ecjra-6H ijlraa Ha caxapx no Ty cTopoHy 
Harnett 3ana#Hoft rpaHHn,ti He 6taa HecpaBHeHHO HH&e Harnett, 
to He 6bU0'6u h HeotfxoflHMOCTH orpaa^aTB Haiuy caxapHyio 

npOMHULieHHOCTB CTOJIB BHCOKOK) HOnMHHOTO; H09T0My, XOTH 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 112 — 

npa BWB03i aa rpaa&ijy caxapa h BosBpamaeTca KasHOK) 
B3ucsafiHiifi vh Hero aBips* (npHM. 2 ki> ct. 859 yd. aKiv), 

OflHaBO HafflH 3aBO#IHBH p^ako BsipynaHyrB 3a BHBeseHHHtf 

caxapi wtace roflepatBH eco npoH3BO^CTBa, CTHTaa tojebbo ctohmoctb 
MaTepiasa h patfonHX'B pysi. ^xs oprammijiH BUBoaa h3jhihbob , & 
h npoTffBOA'fcficTBm pe^yjtTaTaM^ nepenpoHSBo^CTBa HeotfxojpMO 
(5hjio oupe^kiHTb jyui saamaro saBO^HBa npeakiii HopMau- 
Haro pasirfipa ero nponaBOftCTBa, nocjrfc Hero naraHaeTca yse 
pa6oTa, npeBoexo^amaa iriipy BOBMoauaaro Ha Hameifk yussh 
cnpoca. 3tomy BanimuBHOMy ycjOBiK) corjiameHia nocBameff* 
3-fl nyHKT'L nepsaro aoroBopa h 2-fi nyHKTB Baawaro rax 
flByxt noorfwponjKX'b. Hax cojepaaHia nxt bh^ho, too t«% 
HaauBaeMafl HopMa &a&Aaro 3aB0#a BUBexeHa hst> pe3yjbTaTOBX 
cpe^Hefl pa6oTH ero sa nocii^k mm, ao corjiameHia, jrifcrt, 
Vh yMeHbrnemeiTL 9Tofi cpeflaefl n,H(|)pM Ha 5°/o. 06a3aTejn»H0My 
BHB03y co cropoHH y^acTHEKOBi coraameHia no^ieaHTt toj&bo 
to KOjar^ecTBO, KOTopoe nojyrarca Ha saBOfffc CBepxx BiiracaeH- 
Hoft TaKHMt o6pa30M'L HopMH ero, npa vewh to BO-raraecrso^ 
BOTopoe BupadoTaeTca Ha saBOfffc flo HopiiH, Haxoflmca 6e3y- 
ciobho bx cBofioAHOMt pacnopaatemH 3aBOflHHBa, a to, too 
fiy^eTx nojiyneHO CBepxt Toro h nepexo^HTx bi otfjacrt H3- 
jhdibob'b, Moaera no,pe»aTB BHBOsy — Bee hjih Bt nacTH. Bcfc 
odaiBHHe nyHBTH aoroBopa ycTaHOBjemi jthhib m& Toro, too6h 
onpe^HTL tfojrfce tohho ycioBk, npn KOTopuxx pasifftp'B 
ofiaaaHHOCTefl Baamaro hsi ynacTHHBOKb aoatohk 6ltk, yMee^- 
meHi*; a BaB0*ra-HH6yAB yBejnraeHin bthxi> ofiasaHHOCTeft npa 
BaBHXi-dn to hh (Jhio ycjiOBiflX'L hah #aate ^peaBH^atoaxab 
oficTOffrelBCTBaxx — bx aoroBop* hhi^ He roBopmca, oficToareib- 
ctbo, na BOTopoe ct oco^eHHOK) <chjok> yKa8HBajn> noeipeH- 
hh4 hctijobi, Tara Barc& ecm-CH caxapoaaBOx^HBH HM&IH 
HaMipeme BCTymrB wl coraameHie aaa wybtmn hsi BHyrpeH- 
Hiiro puHsa onpefliuieHHaro BoannecTBa Gaxapa, 6esoTHOCHTejttHO 
Kb TOMy, cocTaBMera-jra ohx npoAyKTi nepenpoH3B(w;cTBa hm 
Htab, to floroBopt hxi 6ujtb-6u nocTpoeH'L Ha npOTHBO- 
hojeoshoitb Hanaj-i. YciOBie buboshtb caxapa, nojyneHHuft 

JLHHIB CBHHie H3B^CTHOfi HOpMM, BHBe^eHHOfi #J£ BCixt SaBO^OB'E 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 11$ — 

0AHHa#0BHH'b npieMOMt BUHHCJieHiiT, ^aera rapaHTiio bi> toml, 
hto BUBOsy 6yneTb nojJieacaTB jehihb to eoothcctbo, KOTopoe 
cocTABJiaenb fffcficTBHTejELHuft HajrameKt, h atepTBu Kaitaaro 
aaBO^HHaa no Btreoay 6y,nyn> paBHaTBca TOMy otiiib HaiHinHesiy 
KOJiH^ecTBy, KOTopoe ohx caMi npoHaBeJU. CocroaHie BHyTpeH- 
hhto pHHKa h OTcyrcTBie Ha Hens, nepenoJiHeHial npo#yETa 
onpejckaaercA ycTaHOBHBraeftca Ha EieBCEoft 6npa4 u^hok) Ha 
caxapx bte> 4 p. 65 e. ny^B (a no npe»HHMx aoroBopaMX 
4 p. 50 k.). 3th u.'&hh A0Ra3UBai0Ti» HopMajiBHoe cooTHomeme 
cnpoca ex iipe^jroHteoiio. IIphhhhh ratfpamH HJieHHo TaEoif 
i$hh 3aiwH)HaK)Tca bt> cjrfcflyiomeMfc: BMco^aftniHMi noBejrfc- 
HieMt 12 anp&ia 1886 r. pa3p%meH0 MHHHCTpy (^HHaHCOBt 
HOHH3HTB nonuHHy Ha BB03Hoft caxapx, Kor^a ufbnsk Ha caxap- 
mift necoKi 6yfleTB EoaetfaTBca BB IleTeptfyprfc Me»#y 6 p. 
h 6 p. 50 Kon., a b'l Oaeccfe hjh KieB^ Mea^y 5 p. 50 k. h 
6 py6. YsaKOHeme 9to cocraBJifleT'L h hhh* fliflCTByiomiff 
3aKOHi> bi> bha* npHarfmHia Kt ct. 22 o6maroTaMo». Tapn^a. 
Hsx npHBe^eHHaro y3aEOHeHia bh^ho, *ito npaBHTeaBCTBO CHHTaeTi 
i^Hy caxapa ajw noTpetfHTeaeff Hpe3M^pnoio ToatEa Tor^a, sor.ua 
OHa flOCTHrHeT'B 5 p. 50 k. na EieBCEoft Gnparfj h tojibeo npn 
TaEOfi n$wh HacTynaerL hoo6xo,hhmoctb bx noHHatemH hohuhhu 
h oTEpHTin flOdyna aarpaHHHHOMy caxapy. Caxapo3aBO,n<raEH 
ace CHHTajH, <rro cnpoet Ha TOBapx cjAayerB npH3HaTB #o- 
craTOHHO bhcoehm'b aaae h bi> Towb cjiyHai, Eor.ua lyfcHii 
tfyayrB Ha pyfab ^emeBJie, h hto Tor.ua y»e HHEaEOfi He- 
o6xo#hmocth b'l BHB03 r fe He npeflCTOHTt; 9Ta npefl'kaBHaa i$Ha 
bt> TpeTBeMi AoroBop'fe yBejiHHeHa Ha 15 Eon. h ycTaHOMeHa 
bt> 4 p. 65 e., noTOMy ito eo BpeMera ero 3aEameHLH 
BosBHrneffB aEipsi ct> 85 Eon. Ha 1 py6. *Ito EacaeTca pa3- 
irtpa hopmi> sB f BOji t OBi> 7 to H3B conocTaBJieHia Bcfcxt Tpext 
AoroBopoBx bh#ho, yto oh4 HOCTeneHHO BOSpaCTaiOTl RJUl 
yqacTHHEOBt. TaEB, bo 2 n. BToparo aoroBopa CEa3aH0, hto 
et> HopMaarb, ycTaHOBJieHHUMi no nepBOMy aoroBopy, flluaioTCtt 
HiEOTopna npa6aBEH, eotophh Hocarb HasBanie yc^OBHHxx; 
saTfeMX yEasaHHaa Hopica Barfecrt cb ycJOBHofi npn6aBEOK) 
CTaHOBHTca oEOHiaTeabHOK) HopMoro no TpeTBeMy ^oroBopy, H 

x. Dpm. o6nt kh. vii 1896 r. 6 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 114 — 

re Heft onpefffcieHa Hosaa npntfaBKa, KOTopaa Moatera opea&o, 
npH oco<5hx'b o6cToaifejiiBCTBax f B, noweataTB Tarate otoaTeaB- 

HOMy BHBOSy. HenpHKOCHOBeHHOCTB HOpMX nOJy^HJia B% TpeTLeMX 

^oroBO^i ocotfoe no^TBep»fleHie bt> BH,ny flByxx coBepraeHHO 
hobhxx ycaoBift, BHpaateHHHX'B bx nyHKTax'B 13 Hl4onpaFfe 
nepeycTynBH hopmh Ha caynafi noatapa h o coe^HHeHin HopMx. 
Cmbicji nepsaro ycaoBia 3aEamaeTca bx cafcayionjeMx. Ecjih 
saBOfft #o Hanaaa payors cropiurB nan, Ha^aB* patfoTH, cropiat 
jo OKOH^ama npoH3BO#CTBa h nepepatforan scero KoannecTBa, 
paBHaro ero Hopirik, to bx othx* cay^aaxx eMy npeflOCTaBaaeTca 
npa«o cbok) HopMy — bck> hot HeaopatfoTaHHyio toctb ea — nepe- 
ycTynHTB apyroMy y^acTHHKy florosopa. Cmhcjtb jpyroro ycao- 
Bia coe^HHeHia hopmx coctohtx bx tokpb, tfro pa3C*eTH no 

BHB03y H3aHfflK0B , B COeflHHHBHIHXCa Z&BORQB'b Hp0H3B0#ITCa BO 
CyflMfc HXX HOpMX H HO CyMlifc fffcflCTBHTeaBHarO IIpOH3BOACTBSl. 

3th ycaoBia noKassreaiorB, hto hopmh b*b otfnjefi caoatHOcra 
6mjih BtWHcaeHH coo6pa3Ho #fcflcTBHTejBHOMy TpetfoBamio pHH&a, 
a noTOMy y^acraHKH coraamema 03a6oieHH, t rro6u KoansecTBO 
caxapa, cooTB-fcTCTByionjee HopMaMx, fffcftCTBHTeaBHo nonaao Ha 
Phhokx, h tto(5h bx paspa^B HsanfflEOBi He nonaao to, tto 
MoacerB noaywrB noMimeme Ha BHyTpeHHeifB peihk4. ^aate, 
n. 1 1 joroBopa roBopHTB o rtxx joKasaTeaBCTBaxx BHB03a, KOTopaa 
y^acTHHKH floaatrai npe^cTaBaaTB bx tfiopo npejCTaBHTeaeik 
TaRHMx .noKasaTeaBCTBOMx cayatara TaKt Ha3£tBaeMiia aawTHHa 
no aKn,H3y caxapa KBHTaHi^H. 9to o$$HniaaBHBrfl[ AOKyMenrt, 
noayiaeMHfi Kaa^mrB dBcnopTepoMx Caxapa H3x Ta&oatHH, *q>es% 

KOTOpyK) HpOH3BOflHTCa BHBOSX. Ho HpHM^E. 2 KX CTw 859 

t. V H3fl. 1893 r. npn bubo34 caxapa joaaceHx 6m!b bos- 
Bpan^eHx ynaoqenHuft npn bhxo^ ero h3<b saBOfla ai&HHsx; m> 
flfcflcTBHTeaBHOctH »e aKn;H3T> B03BpamaeTca He HaanraHMH 
jeHBraior, a KBHTaHijiaMH TaMoatHH, soropua nprfHHMaRTCa 
KasHaneftCTBaMH Kara HaaBramiH jenBrn npn nocafcflyioinefl 
ynaarfc aKipraa sa caxapx. HoTapiatttaia Konib cb 9thxi> 
KBHTaHn,ifi cayacarB A-ia 6iopo noaHBnrc ^ORasaTeaBCTBOMx te- 
B03a. ?to »e KacaeTca pasM^poBx h KoaniecTBa patfora h 
npoxyBTOFB xasAftro 3aBO^a, nm onpej^aema H3JnmKOFB, rroj- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 115 — 

jeaaBHtBDCB BHBosy, to bx otoitb oTHomemH bc4 HyatHHtf 

CBfytftmH flO()pOBOJIBHO JOCTaBMIOTCa Bt 6lOpO 3aB0flHHBaMH H 

MoryrB 6htb npOB^peHH no cwkpfcmswb asipreHaro Ha#3opa. 
Pojb npe^CTaBHTeaefl CHHAHBara onpe^JaeTca Ha ocHOBamH 
ct. 15 AoroBopa, a HMeHHO bto pojib opraea, onpefffcjuuomaro 
ia concrete fb Rai&Aora rofly yiaeTB H3jmnKOB'L. HpeflCTaBHTeJiH 
He Moryrs yBejurarrB otiasaHHOcreft yHacTHHKOBx, ho, npn 
H3F6cTHEneB ycjoBkx'B, MoryrB yMeHLmHTL TaBOBM. BLpH 9tomi> 

OHH 6e3yC30BHO 06fl3aHH HpioCTaHOBHTB BUB03% 7 KaKX TOJBEO 

caxapx jocTHTHerB npefliaBHoil i$hh kb 4 py6. 65 koh. sa 
ny#&. ^iffraaBHOCTL npeAcraBHreaefi MjnocTpnpyeTca npeftCTBaeH- 
hbqch wj> ff&ay HerapLMa pa3jra?Haro po^a itHpByaapaMH hx*b: 
8a Jt 61 o BUBoai b% 1889 r. hsjhihbob'b CBepxt HopMfc 
cb ycjiOBHHMH npH6aBBaMH; 3a JVs 65 o npaB^fe BHnycsa yciOB- 
hhx-b npHfiaBOKx Ha BHyTpeHHifi puhobx; 3a JHs 107 o tomi>, 
hto Ha 1892 r. y?acTHHBH AoroBopa coBchwh ocBo6oawaiOTca 
ovh BHB03a caxapa sa rparaijy h sa J^ 120 o bhbob* bt> 
1893 r. h&ihihbob'b h yciOBHuxx Kb nopMaMi npnCaBOKt. 
IIpeACTaBHTejrHMH Ha3Ha?eHH naTHaflEtaTB jncnp; ho Bci fliflCTBia 
h nocTaHOBjeHiH hxi> o6fl3aTejibHij fljw yqacTHHKOBL AoroBopa 
h Tor.ua, Kor.ua ohh hcxo^atb otl mecra H3B hhx-b* Ohh ae 
caMH hjh npesx noBipeHHHxt 8aKJiioqaK)Ti> Ha ocHOBamn ao- 
B^peHHOded, BH^aBaejaixx hjtb y^acraHEaMH, OTflfcjiBHHe flo- 

r#BOpH OTb HM6HH HOCJI'fcflHHX'B CO BHOBB HpHMHBaiOn^HMH KT> 

corjrameHiio saBojpraBaMH. OcotfeHHBia npasa npHHa^esarB npea- 
CTaBHTejaMi> no oraoraeHiio kb HeycToihrfc, na#aiomefi Ha 
yiacTHHKOB^ AoroBopa 8a Hapymeme npHHATHxi Ha ce6a 
o6a8aHHocTefl. Hpeatfle Bcero, bshoci HeycTOHranx'B fleaert 
npoHBBO^HTCa TOJbKO npe#CTaBHTejiaMi>; hm% ate npe,ROCTaBJieHO 
ocBo6oa^aTB otx yimaTH HeycTofiBH Toro hsx npocpQHHBnrax'B 

SHBOSX, OTHOCHTeJIBHO BOrO OHH HaftflyTX npHHHHN, H3BHHHK)- 

n$a npocporay; otx hex* ate 3aBHCHTB HasHaneme nojiy^eH- 
hhx'b hjih B3HCBaHHHXx hmh no cyay HaycTOH^HHX'B flenerB; 
ohh MoryrB hjh BynHTB ftia aacnopTa caxapx mh pacnpe- 
flftjniTB oth ^eHBrn Meatfly HcnpaBHHMH y^acraHBaMH ^oroBopa. 
tt&b aroro ate florosopa bh^ho, hto y^acTHHEH hphhhjh Ha 

8* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 116 — 

ce(5a odflsaHHOCTH apynb nepea* apyroMi; ito npexcraBHreiH 
Bu6paHH hsi racjra rixi ate yHacTHHROB'B h mto, HaBOHei^, 
ki ynaarfc HeycToflEH ohh otfasajHCB BaatflHfi nepe#B bc6mh h 
bc4 nepeA'B Baa^uM*. HpeflCTaBHTeaH no aaraoMy aoroBopy 
HsfiHpaioTca He tfaMorapoBBOK), a Boaeio Baa^aro H3t coy- 
qacTHHKOB*B, qTO yBasuBaera Ha nojraoe h HeorpaHHTCHHoe 
^OBfepie yqacTHHSOB'B kt> H36paHHUMi» jrai^aMx; bm4ct6 cb Thwb y 
npaKTHMecKH npnraHa TaKoro ycaoBia bi> aoroBopi 3aBjmaeTca 
b'b tomx, tto npe^CTaBHTejH aHByrB vl paaHtix-L M^daxi* 
HMnepiH h cotfnpaTLca hmt> bt> KieB* ftia Baatflaro B03HHsmaro 
Bonpoca 6luo 6h BpatfHe saTpyflHHTeaBHO, saBOBoe Hey^otfcTBO 
h ycTpanaeTca BBimeyBasaHHrait nopaxROWB. 

IIoB^peHHHfi OTB r feTqHn,u ? Bt onpoBepseme aoboaobi npoxra- 
Hoif CTopoHH, yaaaajfL npeat^e Bcero Ha to, hto caioifl hcex, 
bi HacToameMi ero BH^fe, 6e3AOBa3aTeaeH , &. Ho aoroBopy, bubo3t> 
npoH3BO ( HHTca TOiyja, Borja njhnu tfyayTB HHate 4 p. 65 b. 
Cji^OBaTeiLHO, #ia npaBa ncsa sa HeBHBOsx caxapa HyatHo 
AOBa3aTB, hto pacnopaaceHie npeflCTaBHTeaeif CHHamtaTa otb 
12-ro Hoatfpa 1893 r. o BUB03i caxapa 6ujo npaBHJbHO, t. e., 
?to i$hh 6hjth HHate 4 p. 65 b. Bx iHCjrfe xosasaTeiBCTBi 
npexcTaBJieHHuxi ncnjaMH, HirfeeTca Tatfanija, HeHSB-icrao k^mx 
coCTaBjreHHaa, o cpeflHHXt ^Haxt Ha CTaHu,iflXT> ioro-3anax- 
HHXfc «ej*3HHX , E aoporx a> 1881 — 82 no 1894 — 95 r.; wl 
Tapani** aToft npoTHB^ 1893 — 94 r. nocraBjeHa jhihb ojhe 
cpe^Haa i^H^pa 4 p. 25 b., Meatfly rhwb Basi no OTHomemio 
bo bc^jtb npeatHHMx Toj&wh nocTaBaenu i$hh sa Baatxuff 
wbc&n%; wo otfcToaieaLCTBO t^mx Baatfffce, ito 3a Bec& nepioax 
1892 — 93 r. cpe^Haa i$Ha 6uaa 5 p. 5 b., a ct $eBpaaa 
no ceHTa6pfc 1893 r. same 5 p. 10 b.: OTKyja ate bh^ho, 
hto b^b 12-My Hoatfpa 1893 r. njkuu ynaan Hrate 4 p. 65 b.? 
IIoBa npe^CTaBHrean He nonoaHarB aToro npotf&ra, hcb'b, no 
MH^HiK) noBfcpeHHaro OTBfeqHijH, aBaaeTca 6e3flOBa3aTeaBHiurB. 
He3aBHCHMO otb cero, OTBiraaa CTopoHa Haxopua hcb'b bo- 
o6nje HenpaBHaLHHM'L, TaEi Bast aoroBopi 17-ro icaa 1890 r., 
BTb CHJiy 1528 — 1529 ct. q. I t. X cb. saa. He^feftcTBHTejeHX, 
a otasaTeajbCTBa, BHpaatHHHua wb neM'L, hhttojrhu. IIoBipeH- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 117 — 

Hllft HCTH,OBT> CEJIHTCfl #0Ra3aT6, 1T0 flOrOBOpfc Caxap03aBOfl«mROB'B 

OTb 27-ro anpfcw 1887 r. boshhk'b, fiy^TO, no yRaaaHiro 
npaBHTeascTBa, npn tom* ffkiaeTca npaMaa cciuRa HaAORJiaflt 
MHHHCTpa 4>HHaHC0Bi>, 3to onpoBepraeTca, o#HaRO, HCTopieff 
BOSHHRHOBema CHH^HRaTOBi. B% uoiA 1884 r. npeAC^Aaiait 
RieBCRaro (mpaeBaro ROMHTeTa npeflCTaBMi Bt MHHHCTepcTBo 
4>HHaHC0Bi 3amiCRy, bt> ROTopofi yRa3HBaeTca Ha RpafiHe 
crfecHeHHoe nojoseme 6o»mHHCTBa caxaposaBo/pmROB'B ioro- 
aanajjHaro Rpaa. G% rfcxx nopt »Ta »aao6a Ha Rpafae crfccHeH- 
Hoe nojiomeHie He nepeciaBaia pa3#aBaTBca, conpoBoaflaa bc4 
saflBJieHia caxapoaaBOflHHROKB h hxx npeflCTaBHTejieft. IIpaBHTejn>- 

CTBO, BX Xm\k MHHHCTpa ^HHaHCOBt H ROMHTeTa MHHHCTpOB'B, 

ORastiBaao hmi> B03MO»Hyio homod^b: 15 aBrycTa 1884 r. 
Aouym,eHa 6iua OTcpo^Ra aRijnaa; 21 iioHa 1885 r. OHa 6wia, 
pasp^meHa ohhtb; 12 iioaa 1885 r. foisa HasHa^eHa npeMia 
aa caxapHHft necoRt, biibo3HmuS 3a rpaHHijy; 9-ro Hoatfpa 
1885 r. 8T0 nojoateme (Jluo pa3Bmo h .nonomeHO TaRi 
ate, RaRi h 30-ro MapTa 1886 r. Be£ bth Mipn, o#HaRO, 
Majro noMora^H jtibsj: trsjlo6u Ha nepenponsBOflCTBO h npea- 
cToamyio rn6eJiB cjaeifirnHXt 3aB0^0BX HacTofoHBO npoaoamajniCB. 
HaEOHei^fc, 19-ro Mapia 1887 r. mhhhctp* ^HHaHcoBt H3^a,ii> 
i^HpRVjapt, bi rotopomi npeaynpeatflajix caxapo3aBO^HROBi, 
tto caxapi npeflCToamaro npoH3BOflCTBa He MoaeTt pa3CTHTUBaTB 
Ha BHflany npearifi npn BtiB0.3 r fe ero Ha eBponetfCRie phhrh, h 
3aflBHJH» npn otomi, hto yMeHBmeme npoH3BOACTBa, bi> BH^axx 
cooTB^TCTBia npeflaoaeHia caxapa co cnpocoMt Ha Hero, lemuvh 
npeame Bcero Ha otfasaHHOcra caxapo3aBOA<raROBi>, too erfccHe- 
Hie h aaae perjaMeHTan,ia npoMiimjieHHOCTH He ecit pojib 
a^MHHHCTpaipH, h noTOMy bc4 nocjrtflCTBia ipesMipHaro npo- 

H3B0ACTBa flOJURHH naCTB Ha Hepa3C?eTJTHBUX r b Hp0H3B0^HTeJiefi. 

Ho saBOA^HRH MaJio cjA^OBajH BTOMy npeAOCTepeateHiio, h, 
BCJi^CTBie hobhxt> xoAaTaflCTBi, npaBHTejBCTBO 4imal886r. 
ohhtl OTcpoHHao aRi^t. Tor,na HMeHHO cpe#n caxapo3aBOAHHKOBi> 
h B03HHRJia Hjea o HopMHpoBRfc 158 saBOA^HROB'L K>ro-3anafl- 
Haro Rpaa npeflCTaBMH bx MHHHCTepcTBo ocotfoe xoaaTaftcTBo 

HeMe^JeHHOMt npHHaTW BHepi'HTOHX'B M^pfc KI> BHXOfly H3T& 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 118 — 

KpnnreecKaro nojoaceBria h ycTaHOuemH HopicHpoBSH. IIpOTHB* 
3Toro npoeKTa h&kotophmh caxaposaBOjraKaMH 6wol c^aHU 
Biccnia BospaateHia (XapHTOHeHKO h apyr.). Ob jpyrofi dopoHu, 
pa3CJ§,noBaHieMi MHHHCTepcTBa 4 )HHaHC0B ' L o6Hapy»eHO 6hjo, 
hto aojiH^ecTBe caxapa, HeotfxoflHiiaro aaa BHyrpeHaro noTpefije- 
Hia, cocTaBjaeTx He ltH/2 mmjuohobx nyflOBB, sasx nosasaHO 
6ujio bb npoeBrfc caxapo3aBO^niBOKB, a 23 mm. ny*. Xotji, 
He cMorpii Ha bto, bi» saciflamn EOMHTeTa mhh&ctpobb 16 oema- 
6 pa 1886 r. npesnojuoaeme caxaposaBOArosoBB Hopirb h 
(Jhjio npHHaTO, ho yae 4 Hoatfpa Toro ate ro.ua Buco^aftme 
yTBepa^eHHtiMt - nojroateHieM'B BOMHTeia mhhhctpob'b npexo- 

CTaBJeHO 6lMO MHHHCTpy $HHaHCOBB, BM^CtS CB MHHHCTpOBTL 

rocy^apcTBeHHH^B HMymecTBB h rocy^apcTBeHHrncb EOHTpoaepoMB, 

otfcyflHTB BOIipOCB O B03MOKHOCTH H CHOCO<5aXB OBa3ama CBeKJO- 

caxapHoS npoMHniJieHHOCTH Easoro jh6o hhofo, BpoMi npoes- 
THpoBaHnaro hhh*, Bocnocofaema k% Btixoay hsx saTpyjHHTejiB- 
Haro nojioaeHia. HpHCTynHBt kl BTOMy otfcyamemio, MHHHCTepcTBO 
(J)HHaHCOBi> npeat^e Bcero npH3Hajo, hto „BcaKia npe,*nojio»eHia, 
ocHOBaHHHfl Ha BH^aHH bhboshhxb npejtiil Ha caxapB HJH Ha 
orpaHineHin rkwb hjth hhhmb choco6om , b nponsBOACTBa h npo- 
#a»H caxapa (HopimpoBBa), aojikhh 6htb (SesycioBHO oteio- 
HeHH a . BMicrS ex rimx, oho ytffcflraocB nyTeicB pascjfcflOBa- 
Hia AOJSHOCTHHXB jumpy hto „ctohmocti> npoH3BO#cTBa caxapa 
Ha mojiaxB cpe#Haro pa3Mipa h Haxo#amHxca bb hopm&ib- 
hhx'b ycJOBiaxB npn paijiOHajiBHOMB BejemH ftiuia, cb irpHCaB- 
jenieM'B HopMajBHaro hjh o6u^Haro 6apnnia, cocraBjaeTB 
3 p. 25 s. Ha ny*B, craraa bm4ct6 cb aBipsoicx bt> 85 R. a . 
IIo#b BJiiaHieMx bthxx cootfpaaemfi, MHHHCTepcTBO coriacnjocB 
npHHaTB seCB cjr^yron^ft bb Ka3Hy asi^s* caxapoMB, cwraa 
necosB no 3 p. 25 k., a pa<f>HHa#B no 3 p. 70 b., 
h noJioaeHie EOMirreTa mhhhctpobx o6b btomb 6ujlo Bticoiaibne 
yTBepafleHO 16 $eBpaaa 1887 r. CaxaposaBO^HBH momh cjaTB 
Ea3H4 #0 6V2 mm. nynoBx caxapy no TBep^o yeTaHOBieHHoft 
Hey6uTOHHofi i^h*. HoaMeme Tanoro noRynaieaa Ha puHKi 
jsftjmno 6ujlo npn^aTB euj tbopxoctb h B03CTaH0Bim> HapymeH- 
Hoe paBHOBicie. He CMOxpa, oflHaao, Ha BBe^eme OTofijitroTu, 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 119 — 

bt> Ka3ey He nocrynmo hh o^goro nyaa caxapa. HanpoTHFB, 
caxaposaBO^TOBH otb*tmh Ha dry Mipy npaBHTejiBCTBa nepBUMt 
AoroBopoMi o HopMHpQBKi — 27 anpfcaa 1887 r., dasoToprnfE 
nacj^OBaaH eme Tpn ^pyraxx. Ohh HanpaBJeHH, aaai roBopnT- 
ca vl nepBOMx nyHBrfc Baamaro ust hhxt>, Ha 6opb6y cl nepe- 
npoB3BOACTBQM'L. KacaacB aToro noart^naro otfcToaTejBCTBa, no- 

B$p6HHllft OTB^TTOim 3aM*THJIX, HTO HepeiipOH3BO,HCTBO BOOtfnje 

6wBaerB o6ieBTHBHoe wn o6mee h xosafiCTBeHHoe HJiHBanHTa- 
jrocnnecKoe. B* ofoeBTHBHOMx cmhcj£ nepenpoHSBOACTBO MOserB 
BacTynHTB jihihb Tor^a, Bor#a ^aHHNfl npoAyBTX aBJiaeTca Ha 
pwBBi wb Tasovx KOJEraecTBt, saKoe BOoCme He noTpefaaeTca 
h ste Movers 6htl noTpetfaeHO, xoth-6h npn caMux'B hhotojk- 
Hitxt itfwax'B h naraoMx yflOBjeTBopemH bc&x* noTpe^HreJiea. 
Tasoe nepenpoBSBO^cTBo BCTpiraaeTCfl Bpaitae piflBo h MoaerB 
o6Hapy»HTLca jhhib Ha BopoTsoe BpeMa. B% KanaTajiHCTH^ecKOM'L 
dtweai nepenpoH3BOACTBO HacTynaerB tojbbo Torjja, Kor.ua, faaro- 
^apja KOHKypeHi^H, npe^oaseHie HacTOJBKo npeBumaera cnpocL, 
h Korxa njkBu naxaioro #o Toro, *rro He #aiorB otftiiHaro 
6apnma mh xaate Aaron ytfiiroB*. Korjta B03HHKaerB TaKoe 
noaoaeme, to npeflnpiaTia caatfua rHtfHyrB, cpe^Hia eae aep- 
a&arca h mm> chjbhhh nepesHBaroix. Toiyja hpohbbo^ctbo 
coEpamaeTca h i$hh bhobb noflHHMaiOTca. ^aHHufi cjiynaft ot- 
hochtcs bx nepenpoH3BOACTBy BTopofi KaTeropin, ho npn btomx, 
BaK*B yBasHBae^B noBipeHmrii otb$thhu,h sairfreaeTca CJi^yio- 
mee HeAppadyif&Hie: npejnpiiHHMaTejiH aaayioTca Ha nepenpoH3- 
BoacTBO, a Meayjy tIicb Macca HacejieBda jmtfo Tepnnn» He.no- 
CTaTOKt, jlh6o BecBMa HeyaoBjerBopHTejiBHo cHa(5aeHa t£mx 
npcajBTOM^, ga uepenojiHeme botophmi puHBa pas^aioTca 
sajiofoi cax;apo3aBOfl«iHBOBx. Meat^y rfurB, Bonpoci o nepe- 
npoH3BOAC7B , l jtfljimewb 6htb nocTaaaeHx Tasi: ecjH a&hhh8 
npoxysn no?pe<)JieHia npoH3Bo#HTca bi» h3b£cthoatb KOJHHecTB'fe 
h jepamrcs fb roBicraoft i$h4, to, 6yfly?n jocTyneHB tojibbo 
onpe^tJieHHOfi lacrn Hacejiema h nejocTyneffB odaJBHOfi, oh'b 
OBaserea b-b Bepenpoii3BOACTB'fe. Ho ecjw-6u pacmnpHJica Kpyrt 
norpefareJiefl pcjrtiUCTBie jh yxemeBJEeslfl ^hh npo^yBTa hjih 
Bospacraaia xioBynHuxx cpe^cTKB, to hpohsboactbo ero Moaen 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 120 — 
0Ka3aTbCfl HeAOCTaToqHUM'B. CjiiAOBaTejiBHO, HMfceTca Macca $as- 

TOpOBT>, E3T> KOHXfc Ka»fflft BJUaeTB Ha B03HHBHOBeHie EJLE 

HcqesHOBeme nepenpoH3BO,n;cTBa. raaBff&flmie H3i hhx*b — Roanqe- 
ctbo Hacejema, BaatHOCTt noTpe6HOCTH, i$Ha npoayRTa h ROJinqe- 
ctbo caMoro npoayRTa. HiROTopHe mb othxi (jmRTopoBi* Ha- 
xoAflTca bt> pysaxx caMHXi npoH3BOflHTeaeft h otb hhx'b bhojih* 
aaBHCHT-B BjiflTB Ha cymecTBOBame nepenponsBOflCTBa nyTearB 

pai^iOHaJBHLIM'B HJH HyTaMH HCKyCCTBeHHHMH, HanpaBJieHHHira 

ko Bpeay o6mecTBa: CHHflHRaTti oraocaTca r*b wcay hocji'&ahhx'b. 
ToBoparB, tto &jl& BHyTpeHHaro noTpe6aeHia aocraTOTOO 25 
mhjji. nya. caxapy. Ecm cpaBHHTB, oanaRO, Hame noTpetfaeme 
cb ApyrHMH rocy^apcTBaMH, to ORasuBaeTca, hto Poccia, npa 
naceaeHm bx 115 mhjw., noTpetfaaerB jtouib Tanoe RoaniecTBO 
caxapa, hto b*b cpejHeM'B bhboa* noay^aeica 8 2 /* <j>. Harajio- 
B*Ka bx roffB. Hfefc cpaBHeHia btoA ijh<|>pe[ cb ip<|>pofl noTpe- 
(xaeHia caxapa bx apyrnx-B CTpaHaxx bh#ho, <rro AHrjiia noTpe- 
6juLeTi> no Sl'/s 4>. Ha ^eaoBfea b% ro^, AMepHRa 57 1 /* $., 
$paHijia hohth 28 $., HlBefiijapia 6oJi4e 26 <|>., roaaaHflia 
24 l /3 <j>. h TepMaHia 22 3 /4 $. Ho TaKOMy pascneTy, fljra Toro 
ito6h Poccia aocraraa hopmh cbohxi 6jiHataftniHX , B codfoeS, 
ea caxapHoe npoH3BOflCTBo floa»HO aoAth ao 100 mhju. nya. 
bx to^b. PyccKift Hapo^B He MoaterB noEynaTB Tanoro KOMie- 
CTBa caxapa He no (foflHocra cBoeft, a noTOMy tto CHHAHRara 
^ep»arB ero i$Hy Ha HCRyccTBeHHOft BBicorfe; ccjlh-Ch i$hh Ha 
caxapx 6hjh 6ojAe flocrynHH, Torja hhtbc iaa BUTicHHao-611 
HHTBe bokrh. Binne yRasaHO, hto bx 1886 — 87 r. MHHHCTep- 
ctbo (f)HHaHC0B*B npnsHaao i#Hy bt, 3 p. 25 k. sa nyffB, ex 
aKi^H30M , B bi»85 k., HeyfiBTTO'iHofi wa npOH3BOAHTeJa. HpHfijIHSH- 

TCJIBHO TaROBBI (3 p. 63 R. H 3 p. 40 R.) H 6WLU U$RU Kb 

1885 — 86 h 1887 — 87 r.r. Meamy t4btb, co am boshhrho- 
BeHia HopMHpoBRH cpeAHia roflOBtia i$hh cTa*H Bee 6ox$e h 
Cojrte yBejraqHBaTBca (b*b 1892 — 93 r. 5 p. 5 r.), TaRi wo 
b-b TeneHin Bcero BpeMeHH (7 j4tb) caxapo3aBOjiHRH noayiaaH 
h36htor , b, CBepxt HopMaaBHOft npH&BUH, b% cpexHeM^ no 1 p. 
18 r. Ha nyj-B. ^jaa CRH^Ry bt, 18 e. cb nyaa sa bc* roflu, 
BcetaRH 0Ra»eTca, ^to npn eatero^HOMi noTpefijiemH bx 25 mhjj. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 121 — 

nya., caxapoaaBoaraKH HaatHBaiH, 6(wrfee HopMajibHoft npH(>BMH, 
no 25 mhm. py<5. b% ro^B, a 3a HcreRuiie 7 jrferb Bcero 175 
MMJiJi. py6. IIo BcfeM'L aTHMt coo6paa&eHiaM r b, no^pofiHO paa- 

BHTUMt Ha Cyflij BX yCTHOMTb COCTaaaHiH, nOB^peHHUfi OTB'feTHHIJbl 

Haxo^HJit, ito .noroBopt caxapoaaBOflHHKOBT) ot* 17 Man 1890 r. 
He tojibko Hapymaerb ct. 1528 h. 1 t. X cb. sas., ho ecn> 
He ito HHoe BaKi CTansa, npeAycMOTptHHaa ct. 913 h 1180 
yjio». o HaKa3. A hmchho, corjiacHO ct. 913 „3a cianEy, 
c^fejnty hjh Apyroe corjameme Kb B03BumeHiH) n$wb Hanpea- 
MeTH npo^oBOJibCTBia BHHOBHHe no^emsLTb Hasa3aHiH) no ct. 1 180 
yaom. o HaK. a ; coraacHo-JKe cefi nocrfcAHefl „3a CTaisy Top- 
roBi^eBi hjih npoMHuueHHHEOB'b #jlh B03BumeHia u$ru He tojbko 
npe#MeTOB , b npo#OBOJbCTBia, ho h apyrnx'b Heo6xo^HMofi no- 
TpefiHocra TOBapoBt .... noflBepraiorca TaEOMy-TO HaKa3auiio tf . 
^oroBopx hjih CTa^Ka caxapoaaBOA^HKOBt OTBiqaerB bc6mx 
Tpe6oBaHiaMi» othxi CTaTefl: Bo-nepBux^, bi> ^aHHOMt cjryqa* 
HiiieTca .noroBopHoe nncbMeHHoe coraameHie, flMeHHoe y ho- 
Tapiyca; bo-btophxb, corjiamenie 3to HanpaBaeHo k'b B03Btime- 
Hiio n$wb; HasoHeivb, bx TpeTbHX'b, — oho BacaeTca npe^MeTa 
npo^OBOJibCTBia, o neafL CBH^TejrtcTByiOT'B yacx o^hh pasMipu 
noTpefaemfl caxapy. IIpe^CTaBjiaa cotfoio, TaRHMB o6pa30MB, 
3aMacKHpoBaHHyio CTaiEy, aoroBopB 17 jtaa 1890 r. HeMoaterB, 

HO MHtHilO OTB^THOft CTOpOHH, HOJIb30BaTbCa Cyfle(>HOK) 3amHTOK) 

vl cHJiy ct. 1528 h 1529 i. 1 t. X cb. saK. 

Bb onpoBepaeme cero, noBipeHHHft hctijob-b 3aM%THJii, 
hto npe^CTaBHTera npaBMbHO Tpe6oB&aH 12 Hoa6pa 1893 r. 
BMB03a caxapa, TaEB EaRB npeflCTaBJieHHHe kb pjbjiy o<j><|>Hijia.ib- 
HHe 6K)JLieTeHH sieBCEoft 6npmH Harjia^HO ^oRasHBaioT'b, hto 
wb OBTatfp* h HOfl6p4 1893 r. i$hh (Jhjih HH»e 4 p. 50 e. 
ny/fb. 3aaBJieHie-®e otb^thoA ctopohh o tomb, ito npaBHTaab- 
ctbo, npn H3xaHm 3aEOHa 16 $eBpajia 1887 r., npH3Hajio ujbny 
wb 3 p. 25 e. SesytfHTo^Hofl aaa 3aBOfl*raE0B , b, noB4peHHH# 
hctcjobo> c^HTaerb HenpaBaibHHM'b; bb btomb 3aEOH$ Karero- 
Phtocbh onpefffcjieHO, hto, npHHHMaa caxapi bx ynaaTy asijH3a, 
sasHa He floaacHa BtraycRaTb ero Ha BHyxpeHHifi phhori, nosa 
iyfaaa ero Ha RieBCEofl 6hp»4 He ^ocTHTHerb neTHpexB py&aeft 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 122 — 

h 6ojAe. ^axfee noBipeHHHfi hctd;obt> Bospaoajx npoTmx cono- 
CTaBjreHia aoroBopa 17 Maa 1890 r. co CTaTOOK). Ct. 913 
yjioa. o Has., bx KOTopofi roBopHTca o npejMeTaxx npoaoBoaB- 
CTBia, no MHimio ero, He Hirfcerx OTHomema bx flaHHOMy cjy- 
naio, Tasx sasx OHa jejul npH^aert yroJOBHyro caHBnjta) boc- 
npememaMx, coaep»amHMca bx ycraB* o6x o6emenemn. aapofl- 
Haro npo^OBOJBCTBia, ho mnjsjb bx ycTaBfc, hh bx ero npuo- 
ateHiaxx caxapx He oraeceHx bx npejBceraMX HapoxHaro npo- 
AOBOJBCTBia. Hsx ct. 268 aroro ycTaBa, H3fl. 1857 r., bhjho, 
*to TaKHMH npe^MeTaMH craTaioTca jthjul xaftSx, maco m cojb. 
OrHOCHTejiBHO-ae ct. 1180 yjro». o Hasaa. Haao npe»fleBcero 
AOBasaTB, mto OHa roBopHTx o TOBapaxx Heo6xo#nfofi noTpetf- 
hocth. Bpa^-jH caxapx MomerL 6htb oraeceHx ex othmx 
npeAMeTaMx, noTOMy hto npeflMeTH „Heo(>xoflBoioft noTpetfHOcra" 
He o&iaraiOTCfl rocyaapcTBeHHHMx c6opoMx bx Tasojix pasM'fepfe, 
saax caxapx: miHinnHift asijHsx no 1 p. 75 b. ex ny.ua npe- 
BumaeTL co6ok) noJOBHHy ctohmocth caMoro npoHSBoacraa nyja 
caxapy. 3ar&Mx, ct. 1180 npeaycMaTpHBaeTx Taaie npe^MeTH 
noTpe&reHiH, He^ocTaTOBx bx eohxx Moa&eTx hobccth bx Hapy- 
meHiio o6m,ecTBenHaro nopa^Ba, w> Bpaflx-M MoaeTx npn- 

BJIHPfHTBCJI BCjAflCTBie BHCOBOfl J^fiHU Ha CaxapX JMH HeAOCTATKa 

ero Ha phhb-6. CBepxx Toro, ct. 1180 HirfieTx BXBHjy CTaraH, 
nanpaBjeHHBLfl bx HenoMipHOMy BOSBHrnemio i$hx, hto bh^ho 
rax 3arjaBia Toro OT#fcjra, bx botopomx HaxoflHTca ct. 913 
yjoaL. o Has., HM*K>maa Hepa3ptiBHyK) cbasb co ct. 1180. Me»ay 
•rfaix, o TasoMi „HenoM4pHOM r b noBHrneHin" i$hx Ha caxapx 
Kb HacroameMi caynafc He roBopaTx aaate h caMiie apiie nporaB- 
hhbh hopmhpobbh. HaBOHei^x, npecTynHoe flfcame, npejyciio- 
Tp^HHoe osHa^eHHoft CTaTBeH), OTHocHTca bx paspafly rfcxx, 
BOTopBia cocTaBMiorB yrojiOBHufi npocTynoax JHHIB TOiyja, Bor.ua 
ohh aBHjracB pe3y.iBTaTOMx cosHaTejEBHOfi bojih, nanpaBieHHoft 
yMunuienHO bx flocTHa&eHho hmchho aaHHOft itfun. Hsriia bx 

BH^y 9Ty C03HaTeiBHOCTB fflfiCTBifl H OCTaHaMHBaaCB Ha TOHX 

cjyqa*, Eor^a ToproBi^u coriamaioTca hoahatb Er&Hy Ha cboA 
TOBapx, Heo6xo^HMO ycraHOBHTB, fljia ^ero h bx BaBsxx BH^axx 
ohh CTaHyTx bto Afeiaix. He (Jy^yTx-Ke ohh noBinnaTB i^ny 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 123 — 

Asa Toro tojbeo, hto6h TOBapx o6omejca xopoxe nosynaTejflM'B' 
a QXHHCiBeHHO iamb wa co 6cTBeHHO& hjukhbu. Kasi-ate aoji»hh 
ohh nocrynHTB b* othx-b BH^arb bx toitb cjyroi, sor^a ny- 
csaiora Ha phhokb ne bccb HAr&ioiipficfl y hhxi> TOBapx? Ohh 
AOJUkhh 6hjh ocrajBHoff TOBapx npHnparaTB, noKa i$Ha no- 
xmcerca HeMHoro, h, sacmtB, ctfuBaTL no B03BumeHHOft ijfarib 
dTOTh npHnparaHHufl Tosapx. CaMoe-ane cymecTBeHHoe bx TaBofl 
o<$CTaHOBBi 8to to, ito<$h ycjiOBJieHHaa Meatfly ToproBijaMH i$Ha, 
^McTBHTejBHoe BOJiraecTBO TOBapa w Bootfme bc$ ycaoBia aoro- 
Bopa cocraBJAjra HenpoHHijaeMyio TaflHy axa noBynaTeaa. Ilepe- 
Bow ysasaHHiifi npHMipx Ha rfc o6cToaTejo>CTBa, bt> KOTopamb 

yCMaTpHBaK>n> CO CTOpOHH CaxapOSaBOAHHSOBX HCByCCTBeHHOe 

BoaBiimeme i^hh Ha caxapi> HMeHHO nyTeire BHBOsa 3arpaHHu,y 

H8JHHIBOBI npOHBBOflCTBa, HOBipeHHHfi HCTH;OFi> HaXOflHTB, 1TO 

Qf/beb ne cymecTByen HHBasofi aHajorm: bkboshmhA sarparaijy 
caxapB yxo^HTB 6esB03BpaTHO no ytfimmoft njbwh h Haaa/r* 
He B03BpamaeTC^, xora 6u i$hh h noarajracB. CaMittt bhbos-b 
caxapa npoHSBOflirrca y^aerHHsaMH aoroBopa He BeaeftHO, a 

OTBpUTO, BT> TO^HO OnpeflfcjieHHOM'B paSM^pfc, npHHOMl KOJHHe- 

ctbo npe^cToamaro BUBoaa h3b4ctho foparfi aaate paHBme, nkwb 
caMufi BUBoa'B npoH3BefleH^. GaiflOBaTeaBHo, coraameme o bh- 

BOSt MOrjO COCTOHTBCJI TOJBBO BT> BHflaXX OCB06o»#eHia piIHBa 

otb HaranntoB'B, a He #aa yMeHBmeHia BOJHnecTBa npeflaaraeiiaro 
TOBapa HH»e ffificTBHTejrBHaro cnpoca na Hero, n bch sajana 
cocToaaa jhhib b*b tomi>, mto(5u pacnpefliaHTB Heo6xo^BM£La 
sepTBti Han6oJiie paBHOMipHo Mea^y bc4mh npnnacTHHMH ki> 
A&iy JHn,aMH. raaBHaa ocHOBa arofl paBHOM*pHOCTH 3aBaKrcaaacB 
bt> ycTaHOMemH jaa aaa^aro saBOja, BO-nepBnxi>, hopmu, He 
noAaesan^efl yMeHBmemio, h, bo-btophxi, ofosaHHOCTH bhbo3htb 

JHfflb TO, HTO npeBHCHTL HpH npOH3BOACTB$ OTy HOpMy. CoOT- 

Homeme-ate Meamy nponsBOflHTeaBHof chjioio 3aB0#a h Ha3HaneH- 
Hofi eicy HopMOK), a cai^OBaTejiBHO Meamy ero Hopacoft h bo3mo»- 
hhmh HSJHniBaMH, bh^ho H3t Toro, hto no nepBOMy aoroBopy 
HopMa onpex&ieHa Bcero Ha 5% HH«e fffcftcTBHTeJBHOft pa^OTti 
Ba»^aro saBO^a sa namaiTHifl nepio^x; bt> nocji^yiomHX'B 
XoroBopaxi Hopua Bee yBejHHHBajiacb. Bt> tcmx 3aBjnoiaeTe£ 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 124 — 

oco6oe 3naqeme Khjiema nponsBOflCTBa Ha Hopicy h hsjhuhkh, 
nofljeraanue BHB03y, ci totoh spiHia Bonpoca o craw&, aB- 
CTByerb wst> oniayiomaro. Ecjih-6h npeflMeTi corjamema co- 
cTOfljrL bt> B03BuineHiH i$hh Ha caxapx Ha BHyipeHHeici pUHftfe 
nyTeMi BHB03a 3arpaHHijy iacri npoH3BOflCTBa aaaflaro saBOja, 
to floroBop'B 06* btomx (Siurb-Gii BupaaeirB bb cjiiflyiomeft 
<f>opirf>: Taaie-TO o(5a3HBaiOTca apyrB nepe#B flpyroifB bhbo3htb 
nponopi^ioHajibHO TaEia-TO tooth nponsBOflCTBa, noaa u$m caxapa 
Ha BHyTpeHHeBfb pirns* He ^ocTHrHer'B TaKoro-TO ypoBM. TaKHMt 
odpasoMx, i^eHTpajBHHM'B nyHETOM'B Bcero coMameHia <Jiuo-6h 
onpeAkieme MHHHMaJBHoft i$hh, m> flocTaseHiio KOTopofl CTpe- 
MaTca floroBapraaiomiaca Mija. Tasoro nyHKTa wb ^oroBopi 
caxapo3aBOAHHBOBi> h&tb; HHsasod MHHHMaJiBHoft i$hh Ha caxapt 
Bb Hear* He onpeafcieHo; u$Hfc na caxapa roBopHrca wb 
npoTHBonojiomHOM'B CMHCJi, a HMeHHo: „Koraa i$Ha aoftflerB 
j(0 4 p. 65 k., to o6a3aHHOcra no BUB03y npeKpamaioTca", 
t. e. i$Ha TpaKTyeTca cb tohkh 3p*6Hia maximum'a, *iero HeiB3a 
CBH3aTB jiorHnecKH cb aoroBopoM'B, npeflMeTOifB KOToparo aBia- 
jiocb-6h no^Haiie u$wb #0 Biicmaro ypoBHa. TaKHM^ ofipasOMi, 
no MHiHiio noB-fcpeHHaro hctijob'b, rtfraa b% aoroBopfc caxapo- 
aaBo^^HKOBt cocTaRiaeT* He ijeHTpajBHHfl nymtrb caMaro co- 
r-aamema, a 3aBjmaerB jihhib yieasame Ha iuaBHifimifi npn- 
3HaKx, no KOTopoMy mohlho cy^HTB, Kor^a bhbo3i ocTaeTca Bb 
npe^ax r f> hsjehihkob'b, h Kor#a ohi rpo3HTL saxBaraTB nacTB 
Ha* KOJiH^ecTBa, Hy»Haro ,pa BHyTpeHHaro noTpe&aema, t. e. 
nepemarHyTB 3a nocTaBJieHnyio ce64 floroBapHBaiomHumca jum^ia 
ijImb. PasHHi^a Mea^y yKasaHieMi Ha i$Hy, KaR*L Ha cairyio 
n$Jib ^oroBopa, n ynoMBHameicB Heif, saRi npHSHairfe, 
BecBMa cym,ecTBeHHa: Kor^a npaBHTejiBCTBO rjl& noAKepaama 
Ty3eMHoft npoMiiniJieHHOCTH ycTaHaBJHBaen noKpoBHTeJBCTBeH- 
Hyio nonuHHy, to xoTa sthmx y^epatHBaeTca BHyTpH CTpaHii 
repass Bucmaa i$Ha, niab 6ui9,-6u npn cbo6oxhom , b bb<>3«6 
mb sarpaHHiju cooTB-frrcTByromaro TOBapa, o#HaKO hhkto He 
CKamerB, hto nospoBHTejiBCTBeHHaa nonuiHHa ycTaHOMeHa &ia 
Toro, 4to6m Ty3eMHHe noTpe^HTeiH naaraiH 3a TOBapi 6orhe 
BucoKyK) i^fay, Tant KaKi> nouep»ame u^hh b*b xahhomi 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 125 — 

CJiy^ai He u$Jib M'fcponpiaTia, a cpe^CTBO flJM AOCTMteHiH nnoti 
u.'kin bx HHTepecax'B Tixx-ae noTpednreJieff. To oocToaTejBCTBO, 
qTO ij-Ijib pascMaTpHBaexaro .uoroBopa saiuraonajiacB hc bi> bo3- 
BumeHiH i$hh Ha caxapfe, a bx bubob* fffcflcTBHTeJiBHHX'B H3- 
SHmxovb piiHKa, aoKaasrBaeTca, no mh^huo noBipeHHaro hctijobx, 
eme h nyTeM^B nocjii^OBaTejiLHaro cpaBHema bcSxi Tpex-Bfloro- 

BOpOB'B. 1131 TatfjIHIJH HpOH3BOflCTBa Caxapa BT» HMHepiH BHffHO, 

ito b% 1888 r., Kor.ua saMmajiCH BTopoft floroBopx, npona- 
Be^eHO 6ujio 6oJBme caxapa, tSm'b bx 1887 r., Kor^a safeJioieffB 
6ujh> nepBuft aoroBopx, aB$ 1890 r., Korja 3aKjnoqajica Tperifi 
AoroBop'B, wb HMnepifl npoH3Be^eHO 6iuio tfojame caxapa, h^mx 
bx 1888 r., Kor^a 6tuib saKuoienB BTopoft floroBopt. Ilpn 
TaRHXi ^aHHHX^ h b*b BHfly Toro o6cToaTejBCTBa, hto npefl'&JiB- 
Haa i$Ha caxapa bo Bcix* rpe\% aoroBopax-B ocraBajacB oflHa 
h Ta-ae (yBejiraeHie ea Ha 15r. bi TpeTBeirB aoroBopt npon- 
3omjo otb yBejuneHk Kb TOMy BpeMeHH aKijiraa Ha 15 k.), 

4T0 flOJURHO 6hULO HpOHCXOflHTB Cb BeJHHHHOK) HOpiPB BT> Ka»- 

&owb hobojtb aoroBopfc? %o6u ^ocTHTHyTB Toii-ate i$hh npn 

yBeJHHeHHOM'B npOH3BO,HCTB$, HaAO 6UJL0-6U yBeJHIHTB 0Cfl3aH- 

hocth no BHB03y, t* e. yMeHBmHTB hopmh. HaflijrlwRe npon- 

30HU0 KSWb pa3*B npOTHBOHOJIOTKHOe: BT> KMRROWb HOBOMfc flOrO- 

sopfc HopMa yBaiH^HBajiacB b^ cpaBHemn ct npeamecTBOBaB- 
mHMi> 9 cjii^OBaTftiBHO, ujhxb AoroBopoBt 3aKJiH)HajiacB He bt> 
BOSBumemH i$hh Ha caxapa, a bi> tom'l, hto6h peryanpoBaTB 
nyteiTB BHB03a hsjihhibob'b npaBMBHoe cooTHomeme npefljroate- 
nia co cnpocoMfc, noKa yBejraraeme noTpefaeHia BHyTpn cipaHw 
He npeBpararB nocTeneHHO sthxi HaranntOB'B bx nacTB HopMajB- 
Haro cnpoca Ha phhk4. Ecjh b3jitb m> coBOKynHocra pe3yjB- 

TaTH HOpMHpOBKH, HO OTfftlBHHMl TOJI&Wb, Bl OTHOineHUI TOrO, 

HacBOJBBO OHa OTpasHJiacb Ha n,inaxi> caxapa, to OKameTca, 
hto Bb cooTB-feTCTByio^eft Ty&fyb 3aM*qaeTC« He yBejinneme bthx-b 

I$Hl, a JIKHIB HOCTOflHCTBO H TBepflOCTB B*B HHX'B, H^TB fiOJTfee 

rhxb CKawoBX c^b 8 py6. Ha 2 py6. 90k., KaKie npoacxoAHJiH 

£0 HOpMHpOBKH, H HpH TOMl CaMBlft ypOBeHB HX'L Bb Cpe^HeMT* 

BHBOtffe EjifiTby yfiHBaa. 3th i^H^pu, no MBrifemio noB^peHHaro 

HC'IHOB'B, CB HeCOMH^HHOCTBH) J&h&JlflXyrb BX TOMl, HTO njkkb 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 126 — 

caxap63&B0A?HK0KB h cpejeTBa, ynorpetfjeHHBM torn waaocra- 
&em& cBoefi ufam. He hm4iot , b HHnero noxomaro Ha to, o tomx 

TOBOpHTt CT. 1180 yJEOa. HaE. ^TO TaBOBfcfltfiCTBHTeJBHHfi, 

a He cijreaftHHfi pe3yjBTarB nopMHpoBRH bt> Bonpoefc o ufrwb 
Ha caxapx, Ha to mrfeeTca CBH^TejBCTBO bx o^^mpaiBHHXx 
OTqeTaxi> ^enapTaMeHTa HeoRjraflHHXfc ctfopoBi. B-b OTqerfe ero 
8a 1888 r. Ha CTp. 229 3Ha?HTca: ^wb ottothoitb rojy ubmi 
caxapa Rasi* Ha KieBCKOMt, rewh h Ha flpyrnx'B BaatHMniHX'B 
caxapEfeixi picssaxx Poccin noflBepraracB 3Ha?&Te*BH0 MeHB- 
niHM'L K(wre(5aHiaiCB, Heatem vl npe,mne€TBOBaBinie ro^ii. YcTofi- 
ihboctb 9Ta (fcua otfyciOBieea rjaBHHirB otipasoifB COCTOflB- 
niHMCJi bi> 1887 r. Meatfly (SoaBmHHCTBOirB caxaposasoA'fflBOB'B 
ooriamemeirb o6t ofasbTezhHowh BHBoai nainmBOBx caxapy sa 
rpaHHD,y. divwh-HLe corjameHieicB, ecjw h He coBepineHHO ycTpa- 
HeHa, to bo BcajRowb ciywfc BHa^HTejiBHO ocja6jeHa cneByaa- 
ijia, HrpaBmaa Bcerja BHflHyio poxb bt> #fcj6 odopoTOFB cbca- 
xapoMx h cmbho EiiflBmafl Ha KOJietfaHie u^wh nocrfygraro". 
TaKoe-»e CBH^iTeJiBCTBO noBTopaeTca h bx araeri* 8a 1889 r. 
Ha CTp. 153. BM-fecrfc ob rfcirB b*b OTrarfc sa 1892 r. re I 
Hacra Ha CTp. 151 h bo II nacTH Ha cip. 97 roBopnTcar: „wb 
npoTHBOflifiCTBie flaaBfffcfimeMy noBumeHiio jsjhwb Ha caxapa, 
caxaposaBO^HKaMH OTir&HeHfc 6uat> bbibobx aarpaHHijy hsjhhi- 
Kovb caxapa nporm-L ycTaHOBJieHHoft hmh Hopioi CBnpeflOCTa- 
BjemeMx Baatjoicy saBo^y BiinycTHTB Ha BHyrpeHHift psmoB-L 
Bee KOMiecTBo caxapa, sasoe nocTynHra ex yiery vl nepioffB 
1892 — 93 roflOBx". SacHira, tto sacaerca bjmhih caxapoea- 
boahheobi Ha caxapnyD npoMinnjieHHOCTB Boo6w,e h aa qi- 

CJeHHOCTB SaBOflOKb Bfc OCOtfeHHOCTH, TO osasHBaeTC*, HTO 3% 

KAMnaHiio 1884 — 85 r. 6hjo bt» pjh&cmm 00 icei HMnepiH 
24€ CBeEJiocaxapHHX'B aaBOflOB*; co BpeMenn nepBaro cona- 
mema bx 1887 r. nxt ocTaBaaocB 219, t. e. bo Bpeu Bps- 
8Hca 27 saBOflOB'B saBpujocB. A TenepB, sara bh#ho H3i> no- 
cj^HHro ^eacero^HHEa* TojnrarHHa, ofiHHMaionjaro BaxsattiH) 
1893 — 94 r., Haxo*BTca bx fffeficTBin 228 aaBOjOBX, t. e. sa 
Bpeiui HopMHpoBBH hhcjo 3aBOflOB r B ct&io B08pacraTB. ^to npe- 
AyHpesAeme AajiBHMmaro paaopeHiA sasoxoBi h spH8nca oo- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 127 — 

CTaMaert pesyjteTars coraamems caxaposaBojpiHKOBfc, no^TBep- 
x^aeTCfl aypHaaoMt coBimama caxapo3aBO#HHROBi, cosBaraaro 
26 iiOHji 1893 r. Hsfc BCTynHTeJiBHHXfc ciob-b 8Toro »ypHajia 
bhxho, hto saciftame 6buo otkphto coo6wfimeM. r b r. MHHHCTpa 
^HHaHCOBi o toutb, HTO n.'fejLio npHraameHia caxaposaBOA^HROBx 
Ha coBimame, cosBamoe ex BHOoulnuro coH3BO-ieHk, 
ABJifleTCA oficyaBfleHie lApi, Raxix aojwhu (Jhtb hphmth fl 
BBwy HCTesaion^aro 1 ceHratfpa 1895 r. cpoKa cymecTByiomaro 
Meatfly caxapo3aBOA^HsaMH cor-iamema, t. e. Toro TperBaro ao- 
roBopa, KOTopnfi nojoaceHi b*l ocHOBame Hacroanjaro HCRaRi 
BacsaROBOfi. OrciOAa bh#ho, tto da flpa ro^a #o HCxeieHifl 
cposa „craTOfc* ynacTHHKn ea npnBHBaioTca He nposypopoicx, 
a <?b BucoHAfimAro comBoaeHia r. mhhhctpom'b $HHaH- 
cob's aaa 3a6.iaroBpeMeHHaro o6cyamema irtpx no OTHomeniio 

El> CaxapHOft npOMHfflJeHHOCTH. M/fepH 8TH, KdRl ABCTByeTB H3X 

Toro-se aypHMa, peROMeHflyioTca mhhhctpojtb (J)HHaHCOBi> bt> 
be** aaRJHonema nosaro ,a;oroBopa caxaposaBojHHROBx o npo- 
#jemH hx* coraamema, npn vewb flM co#£flCTBia b-l btomx 
r. MHHBCTprL npejwoaai'B BBflTb Ha cetfa o6fl3aHeocTH ap6HTpa BT> 
cjy^at Morym.HX'B B03HHRHyTB HeaopasyMiHiit h pasHoraacift. 

^OrOBOJKB QTOTb ff&flCTBHTeJIBHO SaKJUOHeHX 30 ceffratfpa 1894 r. 

^ajrfie HOB^peHHufl hctijobi npHBejn paffB ip^poBBrxx flaHHUXt 
o pocrfc CBeKJiocaxapHoft npoMHnuieHHOCTH. Hiouwb nocfeBa 
CBesjiOBHipi vb 231,064 jec. bx 1887 r. sospocJiaRt 1892 r. 
xo 280,448 #., t. e. Ha 50,000 *ec. Caicoe RO-nraecTBO caxapa 
b* 1887 r. cocTaRsaio 23,891,042 nya., a vl 1893 r. #o- 
fcTHrjo no 35,575,068 ny#., t. e. Ha 12 mejui. nya. Coafce. 
IIpH 81*01(1, Ha BHyTpeHHifi pHHORt npeaaoateHO b-b 1887 r. 
24,495,423 ny*., a b% 1893 r. 32,544,391 nyfl.; bt> 1887 r. 
RynjeHo BHyTperaHMfc phhromx 21,314,065 nyfl., a vb 1893 
r. — 28,942,441 nya. ^to ae RacaeTca xocTOHHCTBa caMoro 
npoflyRTa h ycoBepmeHCTBOBamfl b-b npoHSBOjCTBi ero, fo bt> 
»eaeroffHHR* a ToanHrHHa no BTOMy noBOfly SHaTCrca: h 3ano- 
caiffsie 12 arfrrB caxapHaa npOMBunaeHHOCTB tfacrpo nporpec- 
capoBaaa, TaK'L q*ro eatero/po fb cpeflHeirB noayqaaocB 6aiHne 
caxapy otb ycoBeprneHCTBOBaHia oaxapoBapema okojo x /% mhj- 



Digitized by 



Google 



- 128 — 

jiOHOBt h ora yjiy<mieHia saracTBa CBeE*H — obojto 3 mbjm- 
nya. a BapHniH, HSBJie^eHHiie caxapo3aBO#^HBaMH oti> sworo bos- 
pacTaHia BOjnmecTBa h KanecTBa npo^yBTa, no cjroBaMx Toro 
Ke eatero^HHKa, „flajra bobmojkhoctb caxaposaBOAHHKaM'B hohh- 
bhtb u,*Hy Ha caxapa 6ojrke, whwb Ha 30°/ o ; flo 1884 — 82 rr. 
caxapi> npoaaBajca, sa bhtotom'b asipaa, okojo 4 p. 50 k. 
nynt; bx HacToanjee-ate Bpeara npo^aeTca 6e3B aKi^aaa obojo 
3 pytf. 3a ny#b. ,fl,effleBH3Ha caxapa, o#HaBO, ,pa noTpedHTeJieft 
npH^erB enje He TaKt CBopo, Tarcb saBi no Mipfe yMeHbnieHia 
ctohmocth BHpaooTKH caxapa BOSBHmaeTca aKn.HS'B n paaHKie 
Hajorn. Bt 1882 r. sa ynoTpefaeHHHft b% Poccm caxap* 
ynJianeHO aBi*H3a 8,000,000 py6., a m> 1894 — 95 r.r. 6y- 
aera ynjia^eHO okojio 45,000,000 py6. a HpHBefleHHue pesyjiB- 

TaTU „CTa^KH a Caxap03aB0 r HHHK0Bl> flOKaSHBaJOTB, HTO BCe, HM&0- 

njee 3Ha^eme ,pa HapoflHaro xosaftcTBa, B03pocjio h yBejrn^H- 
jocb, a yMeHBmHJocB tojibbo o#ho — i$Ha Ha TOBapi. 3Toro 
^ocTaTO^HO, no MHiHiio noB-fcpeHHaro hctijob'b, hto6h floroBopx 
caxapo3aBO^HKOB , B npnsHaTB He sa ciaqKy, a aa otfpaseijB 
jpyatHaro ycftaia npoH3BOj^HTejieft, HanpaBJeHHaro B'B TOMy, 
hto6h co6cTBeHHHMH cpeflCTBaMH, 6e3i BcaBaro co^McTBia npa- 
BHTejiBCTBa, npaBMBHO pacnpe^ijieHHHMH sepTBaMH nocTaBHTB 
flaHHyto OTpaciB npoMiinuieHHOCTH Ha npoHHyio noray. Kphshcb, 
KOTopufi nepeHecJia caxapHaa npoMLrauieHHOCTB b'b 1886 — 87 
r.r. npHBejn>-6u, 6ea?b oco(>hxi> MiponpiaTift, b'b TOMy, tto He 
27, a ropa3flo CojBmee hhcjio saBo^OB^ norH($jio-6H, ho pa3o- 
Phjhcb-6h tojibeo cjra6iftmie, 6ojr6e orpannieHHHe b'b cpea- 
CTBaxx, a 6oraTHe nepeHecjra-6H TpynHHa BpeMeHa h, CTasx 

MOHOnOJHCTaMH, CTOpHI^eft B03M4CTHJIH 6h cboh noTepH. YEasaB'B, 

ja.a4e, Ha to, mto aoroBopx caxaposaBOATOBOB'B nejEBaa craBHTB 
Ha o^Hy AOCBy cb sarpaHH^HUMH BapTejaiiH w TpecTaara, no- 

B^peHHUfi HCTIJOBX SaM^THJl, HTO 9TH nOCjrfiflHie HUrftfOrB CO- 

BepmeHHO apyryio opraHH3aijiK) h npecji^yiOT'B flpyria nbjm. 
Bx AMepnBi, HanpHM^px, Bjafltoi^i cooTB^TCTByion^HX'B npefl- 
npiaTifl OTEasHBatoTca otx co6cTBeHHoft bojh b'b ynpaBJienin 

CBOHMX fffclOM'B H BpynaiOT'b BJiaCTB BUfipaHHOMy BO!CHTeTy CB 
BeCBMa mHpOKHMH nOJHOMOliHMH; BOMHTeTB 9T0TB HO CBOeMJ 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 129 — 

ycMOTp^HiH) pacnpe.n'SJweTt iieayjy <J>a6pHBaMH sasasH hjh #6- 
jhtx bhto^pi otfnjefi Bupy^BH hjth npqunHCHBaerB EOMy patfo- 
TaiB Ha CBoefi ^atfpHRfc, a EOMy ocTaHOBHTB huh coBcfejix npe- 
RpaTHTB CBoe npoHSBO^CTBO h t. #. 3toti> hmchho bh^ corja- 
mema npoMinaseHHHBOBx ciHTaiOT'B npoTHBHHicB otfnjecTBeHHOMy 
nopapty, Tas* sasi ohb, flMcTBHTejBHO, €03flae-rB rocy^apcTBO 
bi rocyflapcTBi, CTasa Ha m4cto bojh ot^jibhhxx jh^ o6a- 
saTejBHUA nocTaHOBjrema ocotfaro rak cetfa, bi> h3b4cthoK ^oparfc 
ydanoBJieHHaro, npaBHTeoiBCTBa, Haaaraiomaro Ha hhxt> no CBoe- 
My ycMOTpiHiio pa3Haro po.ua o6a3aHHocTH. CHHAHKaTx caxapo- 
saBOflnHKOB-L, no 3aaBaeHiio noBipeHHaro hctijob'b, He npeflCTa- 
BjaeTL HHnero noftotiHaro: eMy He npeAOCTaRieHO HHKaKoro 
npasa BirfemaTejiBCTBa bt> j^kia ot^jilhijx'l saBO^uHKOBt; Raa^Aufi 
yHacTHEKi floroBopa npn caMOMi nojopracaHin ero bhojih* onpe- 
xkjieimo 3HaerL MaBCHMyMx CBonxt o(5a3aHHOCTeft: npn btomx, 
Beet .noroBop-B coAepatHT^ b* ce&b tojibbo onpefffeaenia, Hanpa- 
BjeHHua, rjiaBHUMt otfpasoirB, kt> yiceHBrneHiio otfasaHHOCTeft 
yHacTHHEOBTb, a npe^CTaBHTejiH H36paHu npeniiymecTBeHHO ,pa 
Toro, ito6h ohh b-b saamoMfc roay onpe^kiajiH, bt> no^HOMx- 
jh ofi'BeM* flOJURHH ynacTHHKH #oroBopa Hcno-oaTB cboh o6a- 

3aHH0CTH, HJIH TOJIBKO B*B laCTH HJH-ffie COBC'IjM'B OTB HHX'B 

CBo6o,prai; yBeanraTB iBH-HH6y#B o6a3aHHOcra ohh hh b^b Ea- 
eoitb cjrynai He BnpaB-fc; bojh CBoefi uwb hhkto He flejiernpo- 
Ba-ii, h ohh jibjlhiotcji CTaBJieHHHEaMH yMacTHHROBx aoroBopa 
jihihb a-ia HaHB03MO»Haro ofijierqema kxt> otb 6peMeHH npn- 
hhtuxi> hmh Ha ce6a o6fl3aHHOCTefi; sarfcM'B, Ha npe#craBHTe- 
jiax-B jreatHTi enje otfasaHHocTB cj^htb 3a #o6pocob'&cthhm'b 
HcnoJHeHieM'B ynacTHHEaMH aoroBopa cbohxi odasaHHOCTeft, bo 
Hcnoraeme Hero hmh h npe^ABjreH'B Hacroamift hce^b e*b BJia- 
Aijumi AH^pyniEOBCEaro 3aBo.ua. 

B-b cbohx^b BOspa'/KeHiaxi Ha npHBe^eHHBia BHine coofipa- 
xeHia noB^peHHua otb4t4hi^h CHOBa yEa3UBa^'B Ha HenpaBo- 
choco6hoctb HCTIJOB'B e-b npe^BJiemio HCEa OTB cBoero HMeHH, 
BaEOBaa HenpaBocnoco^HOCTB, no MHiHiio ero, aBCTByeTt m* 
•roro, hto, no coficTBeHHOMy npH3Hamio hctaoboA CTOpOHH, 
npeflCTaBHTeJH hojurilu 6htb CHatfmeHH flOB-ipeHHOCTaMH oti> 

a. »pHi. 06m. kh. vn 1895 r. 9 



Digitized by 



Google 




— ISO — 

yqacTHmtoFL joroBopa cn> TpeTBHMH ainjaMH. Ecra oflM tattito 
„CTaBJienHHKH a aoroBapHBaiomHxca, ecm aob^p6hhoctb mrt 
nyatna no OTHomemio kb TpeTBHirB JHi^aMt, to rbwh tfojfce 
o6pam;aTBca B'B cyay ohh MoryrB tojibbo Bass CTaBjeHHHBH, 
npe^craBirrejiH, noBipeHHtie, a He jhtoho on ce6a. CfiH#HBaTi 
He ecTB hh aKD,ioEepHoe otimecrBO, npaBJeme BOToparo jM- 
CTByert Ha ocHOBaHin ycraBa, yTBepamaeiiaro bt> n&^ex3,mfiwb 
nopaflBi, hh TOfiapnntecTBO, saaBjiaeMoe bi ynpaB-fe hjih jpy- 
roifB paBHOMi m4ct6. § 18 aoroBopa, nocTaHOM^iom.ift, «o 
„:m HencnojraeHie cero #oroBopa yqacravBH ero oforcuBaioTca 

Bci nepe^B Bam,pnrB h Ba»#Hil nepe#B bc4mh yraa- 

Tofl HeycToffEH a , — npeflCTaBjaerB nopicy iiaTepiajBHaro, a He 
npon;eccyajn>Haro npaBa h He onpejiuiaeTfc nopa^sa, B'B KasoirB 

JOJHRHO npOHBBOflHTBCfl B3HCKaHie dTOft HeyCTOflKH. HanpoTHB'B 

Toro, § 15, Boaiaraionpfi Ha npe^cTaBHTeaeft otfasaHHOCTB Ha- 
Cjio^aTL 8a HcnoxHeHieMi aoroBopa, a cTajo (Jhtb, HflpOH3BO- 
flHTB BBucKania b-b ciyiafe HencnoiHeHiH ero,-— co^epatHW ys*. 
same, tto am Toro, hto6h npeflCTaBHreaa icorjiH acnomaTB 
cboh o6fl3aHHOctn, ynacTHHSH aoroBopa aoji»hh Blt^aTB flirt 

COOTB$TCTBeHHHa flOBipeHHOCTH. — Ho BOHpOCy O TOMfc, BaKfc OtHO- 
CHJIOCL HpaBHTeJTBCTBO B'B HOpMHpOBB*, HOBtpeHHBtft H&tV^L yBft»- 

3HBaerB Ha to, tto npaBHTeaiBCTBo OTBeprao npoesrB o Basefr- 

HOf HOpMHpOBBi, HO He TOJIBBO He BHCBft&lBaJIOCB HpOTHB'B 

nacTHoff, a, HanpoTHKB, qyTB-jm He caico peKOMeHflOB&io ee t, 
bo BCflBOM^ ciy^ai, ojotfpHJio. Ilpn 8tom*b fliyrawTca ecajB* 
Ha ottoth ^enapTaMeHTa HeoBjaflHincB c(>opoKB h Ha 3aafctedia 

MHHHCTpa (J)HHaHCOBX B'B C03BaHH01fB HM*B Ck BlICO^Aft- 

mAro coH3BoieHia wl 1893 r. coB'fein.amH caxapo3aB0^HHOBi>. 
Ho BTOMy noBOffy oTBiraaa cTopoHa sairtTHJia, *rro Booftue BC& 
3th OT3UBH, 3aaBjieHia h MH^Hk He Moryra hm*tl pimaiott^ttrO 
h o6tf3aTejiBHaro 3HaieHia Ha cya*. B'B sasaioTOHie, nosftpeHHiift 
otb^t^huh ohotb BepHyjica B'B Bonpocy o crarai. IIoAB6ft& 
noffB Hee joroBopi caxaposaBo^HBOBi, owl hcxojptb, oafimutB 
o6pasoM r B, H8i Toro cootfpaaecria, hto aaBOHi CMOTpnrfc Ha 
cra^By Basi Ha npecTynjeme otfmeonacHoe, co^epaamee M 
ce6i bosmoshoctb caMtixx paaiH^HHX'B nocji^TBifl, ttotopra^ 



Digitized by 



Google 




— 131 — 

tlj)« BOSftttKHOtteiQH CTaiKtf H61B3JI H HpeflyCMOTp&TB. B'B 9TOMI 
CMNCJllj, CB TO'tftH 3p^HI& yrOJOBHOfi nOJHTHKH, S&ROWb Bfc CT. 

913 yjoa. o Has. Kapaert canoe „coiMameHie cbd^jilio bob- 
Bmnemfl itfste*, HesaBECHMO otb toto, Easi£ oho iflrfuio no- 
cj^CTBia n HMimo-M hxx BOo6m,e. He kb yroJOBHOfi Bap* 
tfkio, — ho floroBopx, coaepatanuft b% ce6$ aieneHTii CTaran, 
He ppju&ewb nojEB30BaTBca cyaetfHoio samnToio. CoBepmeHHO 
B^pHo, too araxuftarB HHKoro He npHHys^aet^ so BCTymeHiio 
»b Hero, — ho B* aaHHOirs ciy^a* npHHyaHTejBHo #6flCTByerfc 
HHCtHHKtx (Japiima; BcrynHBmie vh HopimpoBBy y^epaHBaioTCfl 
b*b coraamemH He fymmecKRwh flacmieMx, a asoHOHH^ecRmcB 
if HCHXiraecKHirb. *Ito »e itacaeTCfl ytfuTKOBx caxaposaBoaiB- 
SOBt orb BHB03* caxapa 3a rparaijy, — to ohh Cojribe ^ttB 
np66aeMaTHHHii. Ho Kpataeff »6p4, npotfteccops Shx&yjrh, o(Sp&- 
maBmiflca sa CB^^mjoffi ofo arnx^ yCttTKaxs b% KieBcftde 
Cropo, noayrattB otb4tb, too yfamca BOBce h%tb, aecitf a 
CHBaero, to catarit HeBHa^HteiLmii, ion. 15 — 10 na nyflfc, 
a ftHtayia 6iiBaerB TaKofl-ae (Japumx. HcnjoBarf eropcma yt- 
Bepam&m, too cra*aa caxap03aBOAtoitoKB HeMitcjnnta 6vs% 
y^racTiir (Japan, — ho b*^b caxapaaa (fapaa coctoht* flsfcrfara 
ate taxaposaBoffWitoRt, H3i> ftoTopnx'B HtaoTOpBie coctohtl bo 
rjtffc* 6Bfp»n. ^aiie, nosipeHHHft hcthob'B roBopHra, too nfat 
corjameniji— He ycTaHOBjeme i$tfB, a cnaceme V* Befora cy- 
njefcTBytoinflnCfc saBOAORB, npireeM-B oh* fcB ocotfeHHtOH) cmoK) 
ysasMBftefi Ha Ciarie pesyjn/raTH, fl&cfHTHytHe nyflein y^pe- 
ikjifiiM fcHHflHKaTa: ihcjo saBoaoB* yBejiHWaoCB, npocrpaHCTBO, 
3ac%B»*oe cbcbjoio, Bospocjro TaK&e, sasi h rojihtoctbo ao- 
fartaeMaro caxapa h RaraecTBO ero. Ho eoin Bee 9to TaKi, t6 
to ^o»S3t3BrBaeTCH-JiH rfcto caittnrB, too Toro ttejtenpoirsBOACTBa, 
b^ ycTpanerfH ROToparo chh^hkatb bh^tl cbo*> hhcc!r>, BOBce 
ae 6hjIo, h too bm itfuk ero— HMeflttt) acKycctBeHHoe no;wep- 
aaafe h*»b ha H3B%crH0ft BBitort? TaaoBS bubo**, ftOTopiifi, 

HO MH^HiH) HOB^peHHarO OTBiTHHipi, CB HeCOMHiHHOCttK) flB- 

e«y#rt iteB BCeft tOBOtynHOCTH ^HHttxx Hatroja^atd ^&Jta h 
KO*op«ft AttwaerB B^tKaro 3Haq*Hk h cmnat joroftopt, noJio&eH- 
Hitft to «fctto»y ttCKObuxt tpetfoBasift HpexttaftttteJifift cifttfBB&Ta. 

8* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 132 — 

Kant bhaho H3x BinneH3JioitteHHaro, ochobhoA HHTepecxBx 
HadoameMX fl'fcjrfc, KaKx no npHHijHniajiBHOMy CBoeMy 3HaTOHiH), 
TaKx h no vhwb fletfaTanx, botopumu conpoBoayjaaocB otfcy- 
atfleme ero Ha cy^i, 6ujh> cocpe#OToneHx bx Bonpodb o lopn- 
^.HHecKOH CEurfc ^oroBopa caxaposaBOfliHKOBx. Kx coawurfcHiio, 
OAHaxo, cyax, npn paacMOTpiHin Haeroamaro fliwia, coBepmeHHo 
He bxoahjix bx o6cy»,a;eHie ropHflHHecKaro sHanema h cam ca- 
Maro AoroBopa caxapo3aBOflifflROBx, a ocTaHOBMca jhhib Ha pas- 
pimemH hhcto $opMajiBHaro Bonpoca o tomx, bto cotfcTBeHHO 
aBJraeTca bx pojra Hcuja no HacToameMy fli-iy: bc* jh yrocr- 
hhkh AoroBopa 17 iiaa 1890 r., bx jihi^ cbohxx ceMHnpej- 
CTaBHTejefi, noHMeHOBaHHHxx bx hckobomx npomemH, hm-jrc 
8th nocjrfcflHie jimho otx CBoero HMeHH? PascMaTpraaa stotx 
Bonpocx, B036y»AeHHMfi, KaKi cxasaHO Bume, bx caMOMx Ha- 
qajrfc HacToanjaro ffkia otb^thok) ctopohoh), cyax npHmejix kx 
TOMy saKJio^eHiH), yto HacToanjifi hcbx npea^aBjeHx otx HMeHH 
bc6xx yiacTHHEOBi joroBopa, BCifcACTBie ^ero ynojfflOMO^eHHHe 
odasaHBi 6hjh, ho coBepmeHHo npaBHJiBHOMy 3aaBjeHiio noB'fe- 
peHHaro otb4tohi^h, npejCTaBHTB *ia Be^ema 9Toro ffkia &o- 
BipeHHOCTH otx npowxx ynacTHHKOBx corjiameHia: cymecTBO- 
Bame nncBMeHHaro aorOBopa o coraameHin noBipeHHaro ex ao- 

FfepHTaieMX OTHOCHTe-IBHO B3aHMHHXX HXX HpaBX H OfodaHHO- 

CTefi He HcimmaeTx Heo6xoftHMOCTH, npn Beflemn p$m Ha cyj/fc 
otx HMeHH AOB-ipHTejefi, npe^CTaBJiaTB OTfl&jBHyK) flOBipeHHOCTB 
ero. Bx aaHHOMX-»e cjiynai, Kpoirfc Toro, BUAana AOBipeHHOcra 
yMacTHHKaMH corjiameHia ofiycjiOBJieHa caifHMx aoroBopoMx h 
HencnojiHeHie BTofi otfasaHHOcra Bje^eTx #a»e 3a co6ok> ynJiaTy 
HeycTO^RH bx cyimi 5000 py6. OrcK>ja otobhaho, hto c*mh 
ynacTHHKH conameHia npHSHaBajra, nesaBHCHMo otx coBepmen- 

HarO HMH AOrOBOpa, HeotfxOflHMOCTB BElflaHH (|>OpMaJLHOfl flOB-fc- 

peHHOCTH, jerHTHMHpyiomefi hxx npeflCTaBHTejieit, Tanx saKx 
HHa^e nocjI^Hie jmmeHH bosmoshocth jMcTBOBaTB otx HMeHH 

y^aCTHHKOBX. 

Hcxofta H3X aTHXx coo6paaem&, OKpysHuft cy^x npHSHajx, 
?to hckx no HacroanjeMy pfaiy npexxaBjeHx eenpaBHJiBHO, no- 
%My ohx n nocTaHOBHJx bx hcb& rpa^y Bo6pnHCKOMy ? BepT- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 133 — 

refiMy h npowMt OTKa3aTL, bo3JO»hb , b Ha hhxi» cy&e6Hua h 
3a Bejeme ffkaa H3aep»KH b-b cyMM$ 1415 py6. 35 Kon. 

KieBCKaa cyaetfHaa naaaTa, Bt BOTopyio nepeHeceHO 6uxo 
HacTOAn^ee rfbo no anejuaijioHHOft Htaaotffe noBipeHHaro HenjOBt, 
yTBepAHJia piraeme OKpy»Haro cyaa. HoflpotfHOMy pa3CMOTp4- 
mio OToro najaTCKdro pimeiria nocaameHa (JyaeTi criwyiomaa 
xpoHHKa rpaaa&HCKaro cyaa. 



Digitized by 



Google 



3K0H0MH1ECK0E 0B03PUBIE. 

(UepeoH noAoeuna 1895 toda). 

Bo BcenofflaHHMmeM'E jOBaaai MHHHCTpa <f)HHancoBi> o 
rocy^apCTBeHHoa pochhch aoxoflOBB h pacxo#OBB Ha 1895 roj-B 
co^epataTca MHoria coofipaaeBda, yBasHBarontfa Ha „ipe3BKraaft- 
mie ycnixn" pyccEoft npoMtmuieHHOCTH bi nepio^B ex 1880 roja. 
$aKTu, noffreepaflaiomie 3Ha?HT&iBHoe pa3BHTie ropHOsaBO^CEaro 
fl-fcjia, npH^enx nponsBoacTBO nyryna Bospocjo c% 27, 3 mhjl 
%o 70, 8 mm. nyflOBx, ateafea ci 17, 9 #o 30, 1 mbui. h 
Upon., 6escnopHO flOKasHBaioT'B npHpocTt pyccBaro HapoflHaro 
xoaaflcTBa. ^ajieBo He TaKoe snaieHie HMieTt pasBmie $a6pnH- 
nofi npoMHnweHHOCTH, bt> tomi hhcjA xjionnaToCyMaaHoft, Ha 

KOTOpOfi KB OC06eHHOCTH OCTaHaBJIHBaeTCH ^OKJfiWB, TaKX BaKB 
pOCTX 8T0ff npOMHHUieHHOCTH He ABJUieTCfi eCTeCTBeHHUJTB H 
CB060AHHMfc pa3BHTieMX npOH3BOAHTeJbHHXI> CHJTB CTpaHH, a 

cocTaBJuieT'L HCKyccTBeHHoe jnareme, BHSBaHHoe h B3iaaiflHHoe 
ycHJieHHHMH TaMoateHHHMH nonuHHaMH. IIpoAyKTH Hamero npo- 
HBBOACTBa, HacMLHO ocBo6oayjeHHHe orb BOHBypemjra cb iyi- 
mHMH npoH3Be#emfiMH HHOCTpaHHaro pmrca h nojMTHe bi» 
v$wb sa CTen cKy^Hnxx cpe^ciBi OTenecTBeHHEDCB noTpefa- 
Teaeff, 4>a6pHKyH)Tea fffcftcTBHTeaBHO fb TaKOMi> pasiri&pi, kotck 
pijfi npeBHmaera Bcmifl BHyTpeHmfl cnpocB h noBynaTeiBHHji 
cpe^CTBa HacejiemH. TasHMi otipasoira JHmeHHHe ctiHTa $a<5pH- 
saTH nepenojiHaiOT'B puHOBi, hphhocotb ytixiTOBB npe#npHHH- 

MaTeifflTB, B0BJ6TOHHH1CB KB ff&JlO npHMaHBOK) 60JCBHIHXX HCByC- 

CTBeHHO h npe/fHairfepeHHO cosxaBaeioixx Taico&eHHOio hojihth- 
boh) tfapnmeft, h Bjeayra y»e He BpeMeHmift, a nocroaHHiifi 
ynaAOBi nponsBOACTBa h npoMunueHHtrfl bphshci. 3a npmriipaMH 
yrnereHHOft aaBO^CKofl npoMunueHHOCTH He npHxo^Tca xojhtb 
AueBO. ^aBHO jih y Hara saBHAOBajux ihhpobhm'b otfopoTairB h 



Digitized by 



Google 



^■STi 



— 135 — 

npespacHUM'B jkiaM* JIojph, ho h BToro oCcTOffraiBHO ycrpoeH- 
Haro npoif iimieHHaro ijeHTpa BOCHyjHCB 3acTOft h rpoamie npH8- 
hbbh pa3opeHifl. Bora hto Hane?aTaHO, Meamy npo^EMx, kb 
ojhomt, H3i HeAaBraxx nyMepoB* „HoBaro BpeMeHH a : „feoppec- 
noHjeHT* „WiekV nnmerb H3i» JIo^sh, tto fl&aa TaMonouEors 
MaHy^KTypHBixx <j)a6pH£T> He nonpaBJUHOTca. Mhoim $a6pHBH 
coBpauuH npoH3BO^CTBO, ocotfeHHO npa^HJBHH, npespaTHBrniA 
HOTOyio patiory. Tnaipda $a6pHBH cobpbtmh patfodfl aem Ha 
oxhj neTBepTt. ^b* tioAmui aBqUmepHH* $a6pHBH mepcra- 
hhx'b HSfffcjift, r.r. TefiHiteJA h JIopeHija, cospamiH cyroroyH) 
patiory Ha 2 naca, wl MeH&nurx'L ate <J)a6pHKaxi> pa6oTu cospa- 
mem* m pasMipax-B (Joxfie sHaiHTeiiBHux'L. Jlpb 6ojn>mi& mep- 
eTonpaxHAHH bi CocHOBHijaxT, pa6oTaK>ra> tojbbo hojb am. 
#0 era* nop*, oahbbo, o tfaffKpoTCTBax'B He cjOuhho, ho chjbho 
Ho6aHBaiOTCfl 3a anpim, sorxa HacTynnrB otfuqHtifl epos* mho- 
mecrey Kpynmix'L njaTejcett". l ) Otobh#ho, HacTynaiorB y»e 
rb nenaJBfiiu nocjrfeflCTBk npoTexi^ioHHSMa h jlomeoH HapojHO- 

X06Ja*0TBeHH0fl H01HTHBH, BOTOpUX'B cnpaBe/pHBO onacuHCB MHO- 

rie AiaroMHCAfiiqie jhoxh. Pycatifl noTpetorreJiB, t. e. npeHMy- 
H^ecTB^uo iiacca BpecTBOHCBaro HacejeHk, HHTepecii BOTopoif 
y Haci qaaje Bcero omB&iHCB Ha 3axHeirB njaHi, Haxo^HTca 
b* tbbomi nevajBHOMi dBOHOMiraecBOM'B nojEO&eniH, *to HeBx 
eoeroaHiH HoxynaTB h noTpe&iHTB npoxyBTOFB Hameft tfjieeramefl 
$a6pnH0fl npoMunueHHocTH. HoaTOMy He npnxo.precfl ocotieHflo 

BOCTOpvaTBCH H rtMT> o6CTOHT&IBCTBOM'B, HTO C&IBHO pa8BHJT0CB 

uomarofiyMa&Hoe hpohsboactbo, Ha ^atipHBaxx BOToparo bi> 
1894 rosy pa6oT&io okojo 200 thcatb raaiptifxfe ctbhbobx 
h obojo 6 MHuioHOBi BepereH*. 

B* tomb ate AOBjarf} ysasiiBaeTCfl Ha ocotfeHHoe pasBHTie 

CenCBOXOBHSCTBeHHOfl npOMUHLieHHOCTH, npH^eiTB npHBOAilTCfl 

h ip$pii ctfopa iuaBHisiinHXfe xjrfrfoB'B (pan, mneHHU.H, OBca 
i jratae*), cocraBJ&Bmaro vl BOCBMHflecjraie roflii wl cpe^HeMi 
235 mhi. ^eTBepTefl, b*b nepio^B cl 1881 no 1887 r. 263 mm., 
cb 1888 no 1894 r.— 276 mm., a kb 1894 r. 332 mhj. 



') „Ho«oe BpeMa 1 ' 21 Mapra 1805 r., Jt 6646. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 136 — 

leTBepTeft. Sjxfcch ate roBopffrca, yto ototb pocrB x^btinaro 
c(Sopa no.iyiH.ica „bt> yaBHCHMOcra ott> HenpepuBHaro pacnra- 
pema iuiomaAH noefeBOBx". Kor^a npnxo,nHTca tobophtb o pocrfc 
otfnjaro ypoaaa xjAtfoBi bx Poccin 3a 3Ha?HTejiBHHfl nepioax, 
to He cjrfjflyeTL satfireaTB, hto y Haci He^aBHo cymecrByerB 
Goate hjh iiefffce AOCTortpiiaa cTaracTHRa nociBOBt h ypo- 
maeBi>, h hto ^annua 3a Bpeain tfoxfce 10 jfrrB nasaffB npea- 
CTaB^HiOTCfl Majo noAxo,pn^HMH Kb hcthh* h hotth raaaieaB- 
hlimh. SartMt poctb ypoaRaeBi sa ctotb pacmHpema MomajH 
nameH^B, bi> KOTopua o6pain,enti no Hy»fffc mh pajH npoMum- 
jeHHofl n;ijiH caicue HeotfxoflHMHe jyra h BuroHU xjrktfopoji- 
huxi rytfepmft, aBJweica He tojbko He oTpaflHHMx aBjemeMfc, 
ho npeflCTaBjaerB HecoMHiHHyio onacHOCTB am cTpaHH, yrpo- 
aaa eft 6uctphitb HCTomeHieMx ecTecTBeHHHX'B noraeHHHX'B 
6oraTCTBi h yna^KOMi cKOTOBOACTBa, aroft Ba&H&ftmeft h He- 
paspuBHO CBH3aHHOfi c*b zevuLexb&iewb OTpacJiH HapojHaro xo&rit- 
dBa, *ito yae h 3aMi»iaeTca 3a noarkflHee namrime. HaKo- 
Hei^B, ypo»afl bt> 332 mm. qeTBepTeft raaBHHX'B 3epH0Biix*B 
xj4(5obt> npu onpqrfureHiH cpe^Hnx-B noTpetfHOCTeft Hacejiema 
bt> 300 mm. neTBepTeft, Rani yKa3WBajH mli b% npe^HAymeM'B 
o6o3p*HiH (b* AHBapBCKOft khht* 3a TeKynjift ro^B), He npea- 
CTaBAflerB co(Sok) KpynHaro tforaTCTBa, KOTopoe moimo 6u oc?a- 
ctjhbhtb B^BMH^ecjiTHMHJLiioHHoe cejBCKoe HacejeBrie EBponeft- 
CKoft PocciH. 3to MH*Hie oco6eHHo cnpaBeflMBO npn npHMi- 
HeHin kb HacroameMy ro^y, Kor^a xjrfctfHKia i$hh hhskh h He 
onpaBfliiBarorB pacxoflOBi otfpatfoTM nojeft h Kor^a c6uvb h 
no hhsrhmi ntfmaM'B njoxo otfesneneBTB. 

Be ctojb OTpaAHUMH, no cjiOBaMi flOMafla, npeacraBJiaioTca 
ofiopoTH Meat,nyHapoAHoft ToproBjra Poccin, cocTawaBinie bi 
1881 roay oahh'b MMjriapa'B 47 mm. py6jeft h ^ocrarnrie b^b 
1893 rosy oflHoro MMjiapxa 77 mmjhohob'b, t. e. yBeJiHira- 
mieca sa 13 jvhrb Bcero Ha 30 mmjuohobi, ho 3#6cb flOKja^'B 
Haxo^HTB yrfcmeHie bi toitb o6cToaTejiBCTB*, ito 3a 9to BpeMa 

3HaHUTeJBHO H3M*HHJOCB OTHOffleHie VL&RflJ BBIBOSOlfB H BBO- 

30Mt, a HMeHHo: bubo3t» bt> 1881 t. cocTaRiaji) 506 mm. py6- 
Jieft ? a b*b 1893 r. 614 mhj. h BBQVb bx 1881 r. 541 mm., 



Digitized by 



Google 



TTV*" 



— 137 — 

a vl 1893 r. — 463 mm. py6;ieft, cjrkAOBaTejBHo (saarlmeT'B 
fl0Raa#&), 6MaHCi» (1893 r.) nepemest b% nojiBsy BHB03a b* 
cymrfc 151 MHJtuioHa pyCwreft. IIoAo6Hoe nojroatenie c^HTaTB 
6-iaronpiaTHUM'L mo»ho juhhb ci» 6ojbihhmh oroBopftaMH h ue- 
MaauMH coMfffeHi^MH. E#Ba jih, npea^e Bcero, yirfjcrao npe- 
KoiOHaTfcca npe^B Teopieio ToproBaro (SaaaHca, Koivja bt> otho- 
inemn HapoflHaro (wiarococToama h o6e3ne<ieHHOCTH noipefiHO- 
cTeft Hacejiema cyMMa noKyMaeiiHX'B HapofloirB tfjrarB h npo- 
ffjRiowb CHBTaeTca JiyqmHMt h B^wkHunm-b noKa3aTe^eMi, nbm> 
htofb cpe^cTBi h ycjyrt, OT^aBaeMHxx mn> Ha noTpeSy apy- 
rnxx CTpaHT>. 3arfeMx bt> HTorfc pyccKaro BUB03a HanfiojiBinyio 
AOJH) saHHMaHypL cnpne npoayKTH, KOTopae qame Bcero 3a 
6e3u*bROKT> nepnaioTx HyatecTpaHijH mra Poccin h, nepepa6o- 
xaBi> vl 6ojr4e EffcHHue npoayKTBi, HaatHBaioTB Ha hhxi» b^boc 
h BTpoe. IIo aaoBaM , b Toro ate OTieTa, 3a o6o3p4BaeMoe Tpn- 
Ha^aTHJi'feTie ocotfeHHHff pocrB otfHapyatHJica no BtraoBy 3a 
rpaHHijy sepnoBHX'B xattfoBi. HaKOiiei^B, ynaflOK'B BBOsa 3a totb 
ate nepioffB cl 541 ^o 463 ltHJurioHOBi, t. e. Ha 78 mhji. 
py&iefi, HecMOTpa Ha pocrB Haceaema, KOHeHHo, iacTiio yita- 
3HBaen» h Ha yMeHBmeme ero noitynaTeJiBHHX'B cpeflCTBB, a 

He Ha O.KHH'B T0JIBK0 HporpeCCB OTe^eCTBeHHOft npOMBIHIJieHHOCTH. 

ysasuBaa Ha bc6 sth $aKTH, mh He OTpnijaeirB h^koto- 
paro bhojih* eciecTBeHHaro pacurapeHia KaB'B .notfHBaiomefl, 
TaK-B h o6pa6oTHBaiomefl npoMBiinjieHHocTH, ho aejiaeM-B npoTHBo- 

HOCTaBHTB BP&KOTOpKia BnOJHt yarfcCTHHa H CHpaBeflJIHBBia B03- 

paatema TOMy 6e3rpaHH<moMy onTHMH3My, KOTopuft npeod^aflaerB 
vb AOK^axaxi o rocyaapcTBeHHoft pocnncH 3a nocjrfcflHie Tpn 
rofla. Ma^o ate o6ocHOBaHHHfi ohthmh3M'b, cKpuBaa cepBe3Hoe 
noAoateHie yraeTeHHaro Hapo^Haro xo3aficTBa, npHHOCHTB He- 
cpaBHeHHo 6ojrf*e Bpeaa, h^m-b caMaa ciporaa h #aate hcocho- 
BaTeJiBHaa KpaTHKa, KOTopaa BceTaitH MoateTx yacHHTB hcthh- 
uoe nojioateme Benjeft h nocayatHTB co3,a;aHiK> aMcTBirrejiBHaro 
nopa,pta h nporpecca b% HapoflHOM'B h rocyaapcTBeHHOM'B xo- 
aaflcTBi. 3Ha?eme ate MH.oioHOB'B b% OTieTax'B, MHJUiioHOB'B Ha- 
rpoMoat^aeMUX'B 6e&b aocTaToraaro ocB^mema h anajrH3a, npefl- 
cTaBjaeTca Hepfc^Ko BecBMa coMHHTeJBHUMx. 3apoat^eHie $HHaH- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 138 — 

cosaro onTHMHsa h Jiersoe OTHomeme ki> n^paM* m> thce- 
iax* h MHJurioHax'B oTHocflTCfl eme so BpeiieHH MHHneTepcBott 
ffiaTaibHOCTH H. A. BHnraerpaflCKaro, h Hama cypoBaa pyc- 
CEaa »h3hb Aua yse cep&esHHft h b3who ubmshbhA ypoax 
dToiiy HanpaBjemH) raaeimiH ^ctbiomh 1891 h 1892 roAOBt. 
Hanaio h nepBHe Micaija HOBaro ro.ua He osHaMeHOBaMCB 

HHBaBHMH OCOtfeHHHMH KpyEHHMH dKOHOMBTCeCBHMH H $HHaH- 
COBHMH COfiHTlffMH. B'L HHCJrfe IipaBHTeJbCTBeHHHXfe Iffeponpifl- 

rifi dBOHOMjeraecsaro xapaKTepa o6pam,aio*rL Ha ce6a BHHMame 
OKOHHaieiBHoe pfcinenie Bonpoca o noffBfeflHux'b nyrax'B HBa- 
seHHaa nosynsa xjritfa j^lsl cnacemfl yraeTeHHaro 3eMje&iax&- 
ma h #jui no^eiia hhskhxi xxMhuxt* ujhwb. Kara hsb^ctho, 
BonpocL o coffiftcTBin npaBHTeucTBa nocTpotefe noffbfejHHX'B 
nyrefi boshhkb eme wb nponuoarL ro^y h buhjcs b% <j^opMy 
rpaH^io3Haro npoeETa noKpHTia Bceft Poccin vl Te^eme 40 — 
50 jferLi^'feiOK) cfrn>K> ycoBepmeHCTBOBanHuxt, npeHMymecTBeHHO 
AenieBEix'L #exfc3HOflopo»HHX'B nyreft cootfmeHia cl saTpaTOK) 
Ha 9to oahemx npaBHTeju>CTBOMi> obojo nojyMHJLiiapfla pytfjieft. 
TeoperasecKaa nociaHOBita Bonpoca Bnojirfc joraiHa n6e3yB0- 
pH3HeHa: npocejuo^Hue nyra bt> Poccin bx Te^eme jflfrra h oceHH, 
Kor^a no hhmx npeHMymecraeHHO flBratyxca xjrfefiHHe h HHwe 
rpysH, A*ftCTBHTeiBHO hjoxh h jm ctfuBaHmpx-L na (fcwi&niie 
Phhkh xjA6t> xoaaeBt Tpetfyiorx 3HaHHTejttHaro Ha&xaAHaro 
pacxoxa Ha ryseByio nepeBoasy ero. Yxymnmb bth nyra 6hjo 
6h Bec&Ma noieaHO, h TaMi, rjsjh ^BHseme SHawrejBHO h o64- 
maeri* butoah npeflnpHmacaTejiaMfc bi xanfa m4cthhx^b xozaevb, 
odn^ecTBeHHuxi yMpea^emfi h #a«e »ejri*3Hojopo»HHX* 06- 
m,ecTKB, notfBfeflHHe nyrn BOBHHKaHyrE h cxpofiTca. Otpohtb ate 
^erneBHa 6ew>xoflHHa flopora ytfiiTO^HO He tojbbo noTOMy, hto 
oh* floporo CToarB, ho h jvl& Toro, mto6h oh4, He onpaB- 
AUBaa pacxoAOBi na CBoe coxepsame, He otfpeMeHjuH 6y&yvai& 
noKOJ^Hk njiaTeaaMH npon.eHTOB'B, peMOHTHuxi h apyriixfc pac- 
xoaob'l. IIpaBHTeJiBCTBO Hame, oTBaaiiBaiomee HaceieHiio bi 
yxoBJieTBopeHin caMuxi nepBtcfB TOJOB&iecKHXfc h rpa&AaHCBHX'B 
noTpefiHOCTefi, He wrfciomee bi CTpaH-b hh xocTaxoinaro 4HCja 
Ha^iajBHun h npo^eccioHaiBHuxi ihkoji'b, hh noBceirfccrHoI 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 139 — 

o6mfifpGijjmoit MejHijHHCKOfl noMonpi, hh yxoBaeTBopHxeaBHaro 
HapoxHaro spexHTa, hh cpe^CTBx Ha opraHH3aipH) nepeceaemfi 
Tpy^OBaro saacca Ha hobbu RyiBTypHiia aeiMH h H3BjeKaiomee 
Mfi cero BpexeHH cboh joxojh nyTeirB o6aoseHia HeotfxoxHMiit- 
ihhx'b npexMeTOFB noTpetiaema aw pasHUHH apxairaecsHMH Ha- 
jor&mr, ke poA* nacnoprHaro ctiopa, cyxetfHHxx hohliehi h 
t. no*., exBaan Moaerx aerso oraocHTBca b* saTparfc xecaT- 
BOFb h coTeHx MHAiioHOFB Ha npexnpiaTia cb ra^aTe JBHOft 6y- 
^yn^HOCTBH). BfcflB, h Htnrfe 6ojiBfflHHCTBO OTenecTBeHHHX'B rpy- 
dovby tfaaroxapa yate 3Ha?HTejiBHoii c4th aeafcHBixfc xopora, 
MHoroHHCieHHUMi BOXflHHirc nyraMt h npeRpacHOMy CaHHOMy 
nyni, xoTopufi Ham Ha & — 6 shmhhx'b irficaijeBi caif* Bora 
ctpohtl, oepeABHraeTCfl aobojibho ycninrao, h He bthm'l ofoac- 
Haerca caafcrit OTnycx* xaitia sa rpaHEray, ROTopaa Hamaa 
jpa ce6a h 6ojfee ayimifi BaiecTBeirao, h 6oa , £e aemeBHfl 
xaife. KoHeiHO, BonpocB o noffBfeflHHX'B nyrax* paspfc- 
rneHB rocyxapcTBeHHuiTB cof6tomt> npHHiproriaaBHO ci> ysasa- 
HieirB pacnpexfcaema ofiasaHHOcreft no pacnopaaemio fb Hacr- 
hbtcb eayuaxi Meacxy MHHHCTepcTBaifH <J)HHaHCOBi> h nyTeft 
cootfntema, h xfcao MoaterB orpaHH?HTBca accnrHOBKOio eflHHo- 
BpeneHHO Ha Tesymift ro#B 10 MHaaioHOB*, yae BHeceHHuxi 
wb 6iDKS&rb 1895 r., ho cb yEasanHofi Haira tooth spiHia 
^opirapoBaHie xemeBHX'B aoporB panbe pfcmenia xpyrnx*, tfoaiie 
BasHuxi HapoxHOxosaitCTBeHHBixi BonpocoBi ne npe^CTaBJiaeTca 
seiafeJBHHMi h HeocnopHMO HoiesHBDfB maroMx ^HHancoBaro 

BiflOMCTBa. 

%o sacaeTca sasymtH xafttfa EasHoio, to BTa iri&pa npex- 
craaiaerca yate npaMO MCByccTBeHHOio h HexocrnraiomeK) i^ura 
h Me»xy TfiifB coe^HHeHHOH) ci> 6ojn>fflHMi> h mnhwb HeonpaB- 

AHBaeMBUTB pHCBOMX. Ilo TfclfB flaHHHM'B, Basin flO CerO Bpe- 

MeHH npoHHBJH KB neiaTB, HeaBsa osH^aTB, HTotiii 9Ta one- 
paqia npH iiaanHuxi cpejCTBaxt h jihihoitb cocTaBfe areH- 
tofb Mora a buSth sa npexfeaii noRynKH 15 — 20 mhjuqohokb 
nyxoBx xa*6a, a noroMy He b-b cnaaxi tfyjerB hh hoxmtb 
ufrm sa MaccH aeaamaro ties* cnpocy xa^a, xocTHraiontia 
coreffB MHiiioHOBi, nyxoFB, hh yxoBienopnTB noTpe^HOCiefl 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 140 — 

6o.a i £e Hyamaiomnxcji npeACTaBHTe-iefi aeMJieai^Hifl, TaKBRaiPB 

flBJIflH)TCH CJiyqaBHUMH H Bu6op r b MtCTHOCTefl a^h noKynKH, H 

rtonymeme rfcx* hjh apyrnx'B jhij'b ;jia nocraBKH. Bi rase- 
Taxx yate saaBjajracB atajiofin seMjeBJiafl'fejBn.eBfc Ha HenpaBMB- 
Hua pacnopamema KaseHHiixt areHTOBt, KOTopwe npHHHMaiorB 
xjrfctf'B otb o^hhxx Bjraff&jiBijeB'B h coBepmeHHO „6e3* o6mc- 
Hema npHHHHt" oTKaaHBaiOTX apyrHirB. HaKOHeEfB, b*b KaaaHCKoft 
h CaMapcKofi rytfepmaxx o6Hapy»HjacB nepeKynHaa, aobojbho 
npe^ocy^HTejiBHaa, cneKyaaijia: 3eMJieBjaff&JiBijH CRynaJOTB otb 
HyK^aioiuHXCH KpecTKHHT, npHHaftieaamee hmi 3epHO h Tyra 
ate npo^aiorB ero Ha 8 — 12 KonieKx jopo»e 3a nyffb Ra3Hfc, 
BH^aBaa ero 3a cotfcTBeHHtift xjeMb. no#o6Hoe BM^maxeJiBCTBo 
ba3hu bo BHyTpeHHioH) ToproBjH) cTpaHH npeflCTaRttaerB co- 
BepmeHHO HOBoe flRaeme, aBJiaiomeeca BepxoMt rocyaapcTBeH- 
Haro con,iajH3Ma. ^onycsaa ero pasyMHom h npaBoyfcpHOCTB, 

Mil pHCKyeMTv HHHOBHHROB'B (J)HHaHCOBarO B^flOMCTBa Bl CKOpOMTb 
BpeMeHH yBHfltTB B*B pOJIH TOprOBIjeBX MOCROBCRHMH CHTIjaifH H 
H MHTKMeMfc, HOpTHHX'L, tfyJOTOHROBTb H T. H. Bx MaCTHOCTH 

no OTHomeHiio kt> KaseHHoK 3aKyns^ xjrftfa npejCTaBiaerca 
BecbMa MHTepecHUM'L BonpocB: KaRoe ynoTpefaeme Morjo 6u 
6mtb CA^aaHo h3*l noAofiHHxt 3anacoB , L? Ecjh HasHanaTB hxt> 
am coaepatama boAck'b, to He Jiyiine xa caMyio noBynxy #fe- 
jaTB o6uhhhm'b nyTearB npH nocpeflCTB-fc HHreH^aHTCTBa, ne npH- 
fifcraa kb BKCTpaopAHHapHHiii M'ipaM'B h He omiaiHBaa flopo- 
roH) i$Hofi oco6ux*B areHTOBi h pacnopaflHTeieft? Ecih a&e 
cdeperaTb coeraBJieHHHe Tasmci ofipasoMi sanacu Ha cjiyiaft 
rojro^Haro rofla, to bt> btomi cjiyiafc onepania Tepaera BcaRift 

CMUCI'L HJffl rp03HTB HeMHHyeMHMH OrpOMHUMH yfalTRaMH. ECJIH 

iuioahhS hjih HeypoatafiHHfl ro#B cjcb^yeTB Henocpe^CTBeHHO 3a 
o6hjbhbim , b roflOM^B, bt> KOTopuff BasHOH) cff&jraHa noByima xjrfctfa, 
to OHa npexcTaMaeTca coBepmeHHO H3JHmHeK), h6o xjcfctfraie 
sanacu coxpaHHjracB 6u h 6e3i» ea y^acria h bi qacTHHX'L py- 
Bax*B cb 6ojbmeio TmaTejBHocTBio h cl MeHtrnHMH pacxoxaMH. 
Ecjh me rojeojHHff roni cjii^yerL sa yposaeirB spesi *Ba, 
TpH h tfojrfee jAt-b, to xpaHeme, cxpaxoBaHie h ocBteeHie xjfe6a 
cocTaBaTi TaKofl Tpy^B h Tasofl pacxoffB, BOTopne yHHiToaart 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 141 — 

nojHOCTLio bck> BHroay aeiueBoB uoKynKH. Pacxoau xpaHemji 
jja sasHH, ne nM&K>meft roTOBLix'L 3epHoxpaHMHmx h BHHy»- 

jeHHOfi HJH CTpOHTL, HJH apeHflOBaTB HXTb, flOJHRHH COCTaBJIflTB 

spyirayio cyMMy. OcotfenHOCTB ate pucRa 3aKJuosaeTca Me»#y 
npoMHMT> h kb toh'b, hto onepaijia noKynra xjrfctfa npoH3BO- 
ffrca hotth HCKiro^HTaiBHO Bt xjr&6opoflHHX'B rytfepmax'B CB 
6asBniHMH nodtoaMH, rfffc xjrfctf* mojiothtb 6e3x cyniKH, a ctipo- 
mojotoitb, a TaKoft xjrfcfo MoaterB hchopthtbch h no^BeprHyTBca 
raiemio kb oahht,, XBa M^caija, HaHeca vbwb hhh^itb Henonpa- 
BHMue y6uTBu. TaKHMi> o6pa30Mi> »ejaiomaa noKpoBHTejiBCTBO- 
saTb xo3aeBaM'L e 6jiaroTBopHTB sa3Ha pacKyerb vl Kom^fe CBoeB 
onepan,iH ocraTBca h 6es% nenerb, h (Jest xjrfctfa. Bthmi oCctoh- 

TeJBCTBOM'B 0<)MCHaeTCfl, OTO nOHTH BCfe 3eMCTBa, CTOJimifl 6JH3KO 

kb fffcay h HenpHEpameHHoS aMctbhtojibhocth, otb co^ftCTBia 
sasH^ bi noEynK* xxfe6a sa hojhoio OTB^TCTBeHHOCTBio OTBa- 
3aiHCB 9 HecMOTpa Ha Ka»ym;yioca botoaboctb npeflJoateHiii flja 
irtcTHaro seMjeBJafffema. 

HepBbie M r feoiij ) a TeKymaro rofla otm^h6hbi h^kotoplimi, ojrhb- 
jieHieifB o6m,ecTBeHHOft #6aTejiBHOCTH. 3ae6,naBmie vl btomt> ne- 
pioji cejBCKO-xo3aflCTBeHHHe CBfeflH h 3eMCKia cotfpaHia aaHH- 
Ma jhcl BecBMa pa3Hoo(5pa3HHMH BonpocaMH o npHiHHax'B ynaflKa 
HapoxHaro xosaifCTBa n o M^paxi k*b ero yjiyHmemio, HepfcflKO 
ocTaHaBJQiBaflCB h Ha Kopemuax^ HeaocTaTicaxx napoAnaro 6uTa. 
MHtHia m4cthhx , b npeACTaBHTejefi xosaflCTBeHHoit jrhshh bh- 
padHJHCB b'b n.ijOMi, pa#4 xo.naTaficTB'B h aapecoBi), npeaciaB- 
jeHHKX'B BucmeMy npaBHT&iBCTBy. Mjrhma dth, KaKi h bcakm 
He-iOBinecKia cyaweHia h 3aKjmeHifl, MoryrB 6htb Kan* hcthh- 
hbtmh, TaKi> h jio»hhmh, ho oTpHD.aTb hxi raifion d'etre h npH- 

nOCHMJTO HMH HOJBSy eflBa JUS. B03MOJRHO. IIpH OTCyTCTBiH 9THXT> 

MHimfi, saiunoqaionjHX'L kb ceoi t6 hjih apyriii noffieaaHia 
o6in,ecTBa, mli pHCsyem norpy3HTBca bx totb KaHijejiapcBifi coht> 
h b% Ty Henorp^niHMyio KHTafimHHy, sa kotophmh HeMHHy^ e 
Ha^HyTCfl He tojibko yMCTBeHHHft yna^OK'B HapoAHHXi cv" no ~ 
h BROHOMHHecBoe pasjoaeHie Hapo^Haro xosaftcTBa. Mex 

Ha 9TOTB OCHOBHOft HpHHI^HH'B HapO^HOfi 3CH3HH 3a * !L 

m „ oicat t/raTBH 

roffi y HacB ycTaHOBHaca oyraajBHO HeBosMO&Huf , 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 142 — 

HHfl B3Mfl#B. Ob OflHOfi CTOpOHBI, UpaBHTftlBCTBO It eVO flHCIttie 

opraHu nepe^aiorL MHorie Bonpocn Ha saBjnoHeme 3eMcra*fc 
coCpamfi h ctisflOBt h BHSHBaiorb bob nereptfyprx npeflCT&BH- 
Tejefl MicTHaro otfmecTBa #ra otfcyamema pasHHxx npoemo» 
h HaMifciaeMHxx Ha noJBsy HaceaeHia irispx. Ob spyroi AB 
CTopoHH, t6 ace cauie opraHH, Korfla oti> irfeCTHtix'B (feacnoptift 
CB^ynpixx jno^efi noayiaTCJi otb4th, HecoraaeHHe ob co6(tfBefr- 
hhmh hh&hudih BonpomaiomHX'B, mh ofaapyaHTca tfcarfee ttra- 
poKan snsneHHafl nocraHOBRa Bonpoca, octbiotch He^BOJftHtHM 
h paso^apoBaHHUMH. Ho TaifB Kasi> bx HameiTB oTe^ecwfc 
dHeprH^HHTB h caMOOTBep»eHHHTB Jiioxett) €noco6HHXi» »6pTBO* 
BaTB coficTBeitHLarB noKoe3n> pa^ otfnjaro (taara, tiojrfce rfttrs 
Majo, to Hamn eoBpeifeHHua coB*maHia RaHijeaapifi cl m*civ 
humh CBiffymHMH jTOffbMH otfpamaiOTCff Bt cattyio HeBHHHytt 
Hrpy bx BonpocH. CosHBatonpa cvbj^mjsTb juoaeft BitftoMcraa 
cxapaioTCfl Hsx MicTHBixi ffiaTejefl BErfpara npeHMymecTBeaao 
6e3n t B r feTHiix'L h 6e3paaiHqHLix'B Jio^eft, a 8th nocxftflate, up** 
fiwB'L wb CTOJHD.y, nHTaioTCfl yjiOBHTb fffeaHiH npaBJumccfc c^epi, 
OTBasaTBca ora npesEsro „npoBmnpajBHaro a fiacrpoteia, b«* 
CBa3aTBca b* ayx* axi npHraacmniaro HaiaaBCTBa & rfote 
CHHCsaTB ero faaroBO-ieme. IIo.iaraeMT>, tto He Hajo 6oJO*mofl 
cm&iocth mhcjlh, mto6h yTBepayjaTB, wtf npHrjameflie Ctf&jy- 
m,HX'L jio^efi cl 3apaff6e 3aRa3aHHHMH h npncBoeHBHtttt mr& 
MH^HiflMH fiBJiaeTca coBepmeHHO (JfcsnoaeaHOK) TjmtDio tito It 
BpeiieHH. H bth nop^AKH He nepeBexyrca ao rfcx* nop*, m>fta 
CB-fcAyntfe jtoah h3«l MicTHofl SH3HH (JyAyTfc npHraattiattCH no 
ycMOTp^Hifo HaqajitCTBa, a He no BHtfopy iipeACTtoJUieMKnPB ami 
cotipamft, otfmecTBi h cb^saob'b. 

Meajy TiirB xoflaTaflcTBa arfccteHX* otimecTBemtttx* <$fep»& 
3aKJK>qaiorB kb cetffc Hep^flKo MHoro Be&ita xopontiraB ft no- 

JteSBUBDCB HCTHH'B. TITO, HanpHlrfip'B, MOJRfiO B03p&3Htt» flpfffttft* 

3aiu sarafl MtcTHHX'B ofimecTBeHHiix'B yqpe«A^Hift ^a HeoCxojH- 
Eaxi t npo^Haro BOABopema saKOHHOCTH b^ npoBHHitfajttttoi 
Ecjih ^e ^ ROTopoK) Majio ^epeMOHBr^ca TaMomttHH aAM»»HWpa- 
Tpn h 6ojiv a pacnrapeBde npaBx Haoejienui tft inch Mfteftful* 
cocTaBan Tajra^ax*, Ha noctaHobKy yTBepaweaia seMCtotottflf- 



Digitized by 



Google 



si 
f I 






— 143 — 

(SopHHTB XKHfr Vb 3aBHCHM0CTB OTL piffleHifl CTOfearO Vb 3a- 

KOBrfe h yA&ieHHaro orb m&ikhx'b m£cthux'b Apa3ri» npaBHTeJB- 
CTByiomaro ceHaTa?! BospasaTB npoTHBi hoao6hux'b m*cthbix'l 
o6n^ecTBeHHiix , B aeiamfl uotjtl jusmb rfe, kto aeiaioTB enje 
<5oJu>maro otfeaoneHifl pyccKOfl otfmecTBeHHOft cpeflH, Ha tom* 
ohh crpoOTB oti/tfuoiBaHie jothhx'b, Hepi^Ko BecBica TeMHiixx, 

AtJHineKi» H3Tb xoxaTaficTFb nocjr&araro BpeiieHH bi> bkoho- 

MinecBoff ofaacTH otipanjaero Ha cefa BHHMame, HanpHirfip'B, 
xoAaTaflcTBO KasaHCKaro ryfiepHCBaro seMesaro cotfpaHia 06% 
ynpeatAemH rocyjjapcTBeHHaro noseMejiBHaro 6aHRa jjui seiue- 

B&*JI$JB>npB r b BCfefB COCJIOBift, HTO0H CfffcMTB Kpe^HTB AOCTyn- 

heuto Bvhwb JHnaifL, aaHmiaioin^MCji npoH3BOAHTenHHirB ceu- 

CKHM'B XOSatfCTBOlTB H otfHTaiOmHM'B Ha 36MJ*. B03HHKHiaa BI» 

BOCBMHAecaTue roffbi H^e* cocjoBHaro BpecTBjracaaro h flBopjra- 
CKaro seM&iBHaro Kpeflirra, otfycaoBHBmaa Vb HeMy ^ocTynx cjiy- 
^afiHOK) h HeHM'feiomeK) HHBasoro BHa^eHifl jm caiBCBaro xo- 

3flffCTBa npHHa^ie^HOCTBK) KT> TOMy HJIH APyrOMy COCJOBUD H 

ocTaBHBmaa bh£ Bpe^HTHaro coxMctbui apyrie MHorowcJieHHHe 
uaccH oCuBB/tejieA: Byim.oB'L, jihhhhx'b jtpopx&b, pa3Ho*iraijeB'B, 
M^maffL h npo?., BHecjia tfojitmyio nyTaHHuy bi» cepBe3Hoe h 
BasHoe wa Bcefl cTpaHLi xpe^HTHoe fffrio, OTpasHJOCB Ha ycn- 
jeHHtix'B h He npHHecniHX'B H0JIB3H JBroTax'B npHBHaerapoBaH- 
hedtb seMJieBJiaA'feJibn.aM'L h huh* rposHTB HeifajuMH y6uTsaMH 
rocy^apcTBeHHOMy Ka3Ha^eflCTBy. Hsx aaGnpHHTa othx'b npoTH- 
Bopiraiit oxhhh'b mb JLj^muxb BHXOAOKb ABJfleTCH C03jame ro- 
cyAapcTBeHHaro nosenejiBHaro 6araa Ha pa3yMHHXT> Hanajiax'B, 
Koropufl o6esnevmta 6h npoHHOCTB h CesytiirroHHOCTB onepaijift 
h AOcrynHOCTB spe^HTa axa BCARaro seiueBJiaff&JiBija, aejaio- 
maro h yir&iomaro 6htb nojiesHiDCb c&iBCSOMy xosaffcTBy. Ilpefl- 
CTaBjaK>n> Tasse (JojBmofl HHTepecB h'&kotopbui nocTaHOBjeHia 
BieBesaro ceiBCKo-xoaaficTBeHHaro Cbtefla, npH3HaBmaro, Meac*p- 
npoHHM'L, Heo6xoflHMOCTB nocTeneHHaro h ocTopoatHaro nepe"^ 06 
vb hobhmx ByjBTypaM'b Bb CMBCKOM'b xosaftcTBi, tto6h *H> no " 
saTB pHCKa h nepenponsBO^CTBa, nojie3HOCTB co cropc 
CKoxoaafiCTBeHHUx'L otfniecTBX npoHSBO^CTBa ohhtofj* 1 ^ 30 P' b 
hhkh BHAaMH h cnocooaMH iiejiopa^ft, Heooxo^HMOCT . 



Digitized by 



Google 



V 






— 144 — 

KaseHHoft npoaaatH BHHa flo yKasamft onirra m> rytfepmaxx nejH 
Boft oiepeAH h npoH. 3totb »e ctfoA'B yKa3aii Ha HeotfxojH- 
moctb nojearo ocBotioamema otl TaMoa&eHHoft hoimhhh sarpa- 
hhhhhx'b MamnHx h opyaift h yMeHBineHia JKeJlfeHOflOpOJRHHX'B 
Tapn(f)OBt. Bee bto Tania atHBHa h cepBe3Hua m^cthuh HysflH, 
y^OMeTBopeHie kotophx'b HeMHHyeaio aewnRHo OTpasHTBca Ha 
Hapo.nHOM'L xoaaftcTB* sceif PocciH. Bojtbhihhctbo nepesnc-ieH- 
huxi Bume Hym^B yRa3aHii 6wm xaxse h qepHHroBCKHM^ ry- 
6epHCKHMi aeMCKHM'B coGpameifB, KOTopoe, Rpojrfc Toro, CB oco- 
6eHHWMH noApo6HOCTHMH ocTaHOBHJiocB Ha H3HCKamH Mtpi> upo- 
thb*b Bee 6ojrfce paaBHBaiomaroca specTBflHCKaro Maj03eiiejBa. 
Kara Ha cpe^CTBa, Morymia ycTpaHHTB oto aio, 3eMCKoe cotfpa- 
Hie yKa3tiBaeTT> Ha npojaaty KpecTBaHaM'B KaseHHMX'B y^acTKOBi 
aeMJH, Ha HSMiHeme ^HTaibHOCTH KpecTBAHCitaro noseMCiBHaro 
CaHKa cb t^mi, *ito6h oni, noMoraJTB He ^0CTaT04HUMi>, a Han- 
6ojiie Hy^Aaion^iMca JimaMt bc&xi cocjiOBifi h coflitfcTBOBaJT* 
nepexo#y b'b hx* pyEH HMfeifl, npiotfp'frreHHHX'B Ha Topraxx 
hjih ocTaBmHxca 3a ABopaHCBHM'B 6aHEOM , B, Ha opraHHsaijiio ne- 
pecejemfi h Ha yperyjrapoBame nepeflBHaema patfoTOX'B. YKa- 
suBaa Ha Befe 9th h mhohh apyria 9R0H0MHHecsia idjponpia- 
Tia, qepHnroBCKoe rytfepncKoe aeMCEoe cotfpame BHCKaaajio CBoe 
BHOJH'fe cnpaBe^iiHBoe Mfffcme, hto bc6 »th irfepn MoryrB pa3- 
c^HTBLBaTB Ha cepBesHufi ycirkx'B juhhib b'b TOifB cayqai, eCJH 
fiyayrB HeMe^eHHO npHHara nrapoKia h pimHTejBHHa irfepu 
HA& nofl'BeMa ypoBHa otfmaro otfpaaoBama cejiBCRaro Haceae- 
Hia. IIoflotfHHa cepBe3HLia h HcnojraeHHBia coiyBCTBia k% napo^y 
h Bipu B'B TopaaecTBO o6maro faara MHtaia npe^CTaBHTejiefi 
M'fecTHLix'L o6nj,ecTBCHHHX'L yqpe»flemfi npnxoAHTca BuciyniH- 
BaTB ex eojiBraHMx y^OBOJiBCTBieM'B, h y Kaaaaro faaroMucjia- 

3 t maro pyccicaro rpaH^aHHHa hcbojibho B03HHKaerB TBepaaa Ha- 
jes^jMa, hto bt> pyKaxx ho^oChux'b ,/rfeaTejietf otfmecTBeHHoe xo- 

sau^^TBO He yna^erx h He pa3CTpoHTca, a npn 6^aronpiaTHUXT> 

Baxi t 'jxi noJiyiHTB ninpoKyio h BnojiHi n&iesHyio pa poahhh 

Ecjh ate^jcy. 

T])H h 6oji%r k 

COCTaBATB Ta* 



Digitized by 



Google 



KPHTERA H BHRflOrPA*M. 



Revue Politique et Parlementaire (Questions politiques, societies 
et legislatives). Dir. M. Foumier, Paris, 2 ann6e. 

Cpe.pi hobhhokt> jurrepaTypH, nocBam,eHHoft BonpocaMi saKOHo- 
^TeaLCTBa h hojhthkh — oco6eHHaro BHHMaHia sacjyatHBaert hobh* 
acypnajTB, Buxoflnmift ct> 1 irojra 1894 ro^a eaeMioa^HHMH khh«- 
KaMH, no^b pe^aKuiefi r. 0ypnte. 3to Hsaame npecj*^yen> 6ojrfce 
npaKTHHeCEyD itf&L, HeacejH cymecTBOBaBmia ro cero jH.a nepio^H- 
qecida H3,naHia no ropncnpyfleHiuH, nojHTHKi hjoi nojiHTH^ecKofi 
asoHOMie; oho sa^aeTca H.syqemeMTb He o^hhxx yae Bomexmnxx bt> 
shshb sasoHOBi, ho h paspa6oTKofi oatH^aeMuxt yaaKOHemfi, BOo6m,e 
Bonpocaira: B delege ferenda" — bt> BHAaxt noaroTOBKH o6m,ecTBeHHaro 
MHtHia h napjraMeHTCKHXT, #ijrre.iefi Kt cosHaTejiBHOMy HanpaajremH) 
saROHO^aTejiBHUxi pa6on,. Haita bt> CBoean, pacnopaaemH cothh 
corpyffHKOBT», „IIoAumuHecKoe u HapjianenmcKoe 06o3ptbH%e u t-na 
(pypnhe #aen> BectMa nraposifi Kpyroaopt 3aKOHO^aTejii>Hofi »h3hh, 
BaKTB bo ^pasii.iH, TaKt h bt> HHocTpaHHHX'B rocyAapcTBaxi, Esponu 

H AMepHKH, Hlrfja COTpyflHHKOB'B CpeflH jenyTaTOBTb, HOJIHTH^eCKHXT> 

j&HTe-iefi h npo(j>eccopoBTb (5ojn>inefi tocth coBpeMeHHuxt rocyAapcTBT> 
(ecTB Aaate o^hhi anoncKifl npo<j>eccopT>). Cya-a no Bume^mnMx 9 
uepBUMT, KHHaKaMt, Bufiopt TeMt yKasHBaerh Ha 6oraTCTBo co^ep- 
samAH BHAepataHHHft cepLesHHft toht> HsaaHin, npoHSBoaamifi caMoe 
(taaronpiaTHoe Bne^awime. HocTapaeMca flaTB KpaTKifl o63opi> no- 
cjb^HHXx Tpexx KHHaeKi> (SHBapt — Mapn> 1895 r.). 

a) fhwaph 1895 i. kh. 7-ax. CJo^epatHTt KpHTHqecKift 0630?* 
AtffrejrbHocTH HHHtniHeft 4>paHn,y3CKofi najtara ct» 1893 ro^a. OraTBa 

z. Dpnx. 06m. kh. Yii 1895 r. 1 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 2 — 

flpHHafljeJKHT-L nepy ceHaTopa CmoAAepa (gcjh He onm6aeMca — 
6HBinaro RejtfiBEO ^pamjyscKHMt mhhhctpomt> napo^Haro upocBime- 
Hia). Ohi> ynpeKaerB (J>pamjy3CKBXx npe^CTaBHTejEeft bi HeyMicTHOin> 
yBje^eHiH npaBOMi npepHBaHia AOKjaflOBx H pa6on» HHrepne-ua- 
uiflMH h napjaaieHTCKHMH aanpocanH. Hcxo^a h.tb npasa KonmpoAx 
mxh npaBHTejBCTBOMTb, najraTu yBjreKarorca &o Toro, tto cajw Ha- 
Koneux ynpaBjaHXTB, Mimaa yKpiMemi) ^ificTBHraiLHaro npaBH- 
TejLCTBa, h TeparoirB bt, 6e3njo^Hux'L pacnpaxi cam h BpeMa, 
flparoi$Hoe .pa pa(5oTH h saKOHoaaT&iLHaro Tpyja. Ha^t najaTofi 
wkrb Toft Bjacra, KOTopaa ee-6u HanpaBMa, Kor.ua ea ^ATeiBHocTb 
sapaacaeTca Bpe^HHMH npHBirasaMH. Opa Hajea^a bt» BOCUBTaHiH 
nojHTEraecsHX'L HpaBOBx h noH^Tift. A 9Ty n^JB npecjrb^yen* canoe 
ns^ame „IIapjaMeHTCKaro h HojHTHqecKaro OtfoapiHia* 1 . 

,HpyraacTaTLa HanHcaHa^enyTaTOMi» £jy^HooinoAi*HaTeMyonpeACToa- 
meft bo <frpamjiH pe<J>opM r i aaKOHa o Hajorfe ct» Hacxt^cTBa. 3amHm;afl 
Hflero B03pacTa»in;aro npoijeHTHaro OTHomema 9Toro Hajora jra 
6oji>eihxt, Hacjrfe^CTBi (impdt progressif), aBTopx oco6eHHO osafoieHt 
tI;mt>, hto6h erone CMimam ct> conjajHcraira, TpetiyioiipufH Tasofi- 
»e B03pacTaK>meft HeypaBHHTejBHOCTH bt, ho^oxo^homx Haaorfe; npH 
stom^, pa36Hpaa pa&ra^HyH) npnpoAy Toro h apyroro Hajora, oht> 
npH^epaHBaerca Toro MHimia, wo HeypaBHHreiBHOCTB h BospacTaD- 
in.ifi npoijemnb Hajora fit oahoih h apyroMt bh#& — BOBce He ojho 
h Toace. 9Ta CTaTLa HHTepecHa, Mes^y npo^HMi, bt> tomt» oTHomeHin, 
qTo oHa o6Hapy»HBaerc> mhmoxo^om'l, jvm tiac&, oTaromenie 4>paH- 
bj.sckhx'b njaTejBinHKOBt no CTaTbaM?,, KOTopua y Hact He o6jo- 
&6HH hjh oqeHL Maao. Hanp., yiuaTa 2% hohlihhu c& npojaacn 
deuotcuMocmu h, npHTOMi, aaae cejLCKo-xosaficTBeHHUXfe npoxysroBi; 
flajrfie: o6joaeHie npHMHXb Ha&itAHHKOBx Hajoroirb HeMefffce 10%, 
Aa euje ct HacjiACTBt, oijiHeHHBixt mace 1000 ^paHKOBx (1). 

Cji^yBOTB aarfeMT, cTaTtn: „0 hoaoxo^hom'b Haaorfc" npo<i>eccopa 
peHHCKaro <j>aKyjLTera BopMca\ B UpeA'tJi>Hufl Bospacn* o<|>HuepoBi> 
bt> cyxonyTHUXi BoftcKaxT> a — M.\ „OpraHH3ai*ia naporaMeHrcsaro 
rpy.ua Bt repMaHCKOMi* pefixcTari" — a-p& UaxnuKe^ qiena peixcrara; 
8 <j)ajii>cH(j)HKauiH bx MacjieHHOirb npoH3BOACTB* a flenyraTa Py, 

Mu o6paTHJH BHHMaHie Ha CTaTbK) r-Ha Buehe-de-CmpeAh n 06-h 
HHCTHTyrfv noMom.HHKOB'B cTaTCTB-ceKpeTapefl", BU3BaHHOMi» Heo6xo- 
^HMOCTbio oCesne^HTB, npn nocToaHHwxt RpHsncaxi h na^eHiax'L 
MHHHcrepcTBi>, cBoftcTBeHHHXi napjaiieHTCKOMy peamiy, H^ROTopy» 
ycTofi^HBOCTb h HenpepuBHocTL BHyTpn caaiaro ynpaBieHia. TaKBirL 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 3 — 

peryjMTopoirB Morao-foi 6htb, no MFfcmi) aBTopa, BoacraHOBjeme 
yipeamema n noMo^HHKOBT>CTaTCT>-ceKpeTapefi tf , KOTopoMy, oAHaito, He 
noBe&io bo $pampH, Tair& saK% bto yvpeacAeme, em,e AoatHBaBinee bt> 
80-xt» roAaxx nocx&AHie ahh, hhh4 ynpasAHeHo; MesAy Tim* Kara 
oho cymecrByen. h npHTOMi aoBoarao nporao bx AhtjcIh, bt» HTaxin, 
vl BejtriH, bt> Hcnamn, bi rpeijin, bt> PyMumn, Bfc frmn, bi 
TypitfH, bi HHAepjaH^axt, bi BeHrpin h bt> Poccin. BHHKaa bt» 
hucjb aBTopa, mu bhahkb, To) ee cji^yert hohatl h&ckojbko CBoe- 
o6pa8HO. Oh*b npoTHBonoj&raerB aro yHpes^eme HunoenuKaMb h 
npe^no^BraerB hmx ycTaHORieme (forte hih MeHie HesaBHCHMUX's 
„noMoni,HHKOBi> craTCB-ceEpeTapefi", Bsaruxi, h3t> paAOBi* ceHaTa 
hjh uaiaTti h HesaBHCJin^HX'L kb cjyate6Hom> oTHomeHin on mhhh- 
crpa, ho paa^tJflioinHX'L ero 3a6oTU h OTBiqa»in,Hxi> on. ero hmohh 
Ha napjaneHTCKie sanpocu, OAHaso, no#b OTBfercrBeHHOCTBi) caMaro 
MHHHcrpa. Ha bthxi AoiacHOCTaxi, bt> Ahtjui, coBepmaerca Too6y- 
Heme rocyAapcTBeHHOMy A*Jy> H8% Koero BHxoAaTO yace bhojih4 bu- 
patioTaHHue rocyAapcTBOHHue j»ah am saHaxia mrhhctopckhxt, aojis- 
nocreft. Ohobhaho, no ciiucjy oqepra, cpaBHHBaa 3Ty oprarasaitfi) 
cb HamHMH nopaAKaMH — mi aojhkhh atopic HirfcTi, bt> BHAy Hamnxx 
ttnoeaputqeu munucmpa", HeacaiH ^uomou^hhkob'b craTCB-ceKpeTapefi a 
rocyAapcTBOHHaro coBfrra. 

Bt> 9Tofl-ae KHHXKi HMien, a** nacL HiKOTopaft HHTe- 
pect 3aM*TKa BHROHTa de-JLecmpada^ noA'fc sarJaBieMt: „Poc- 
cia bt» AeHB cMepro AjieKcaHApa III". OraTeftKa orpaHHiH- 
Baerca o6ii{Hmh MicTaMH h HanecaHa noBHAHMOMy npii.satHM'b ne- 
job$koitb, crpaHu h j»Aefi BOBce He 3HaK)in,HMT>, ho Ha6pocaBnrHMi> 
BnenaTJitHia ahb, HacmiLBO ohh eMy AOCTynHu, ct» tod rpaitfosHOD 
pasBJiaHocTBK), BOTopaa ctojil cBoflcTBeHHa 4)paHD,y3aMi> H 3aCTaBJ>I- 
en» noA^aci npon^aTt noBepxHOcrt h jerKOMHCjie coAepatama. „Pyc- 
CH$HBai£a Poccih" — ecTL a*JO coBepmHBmeeca, BocKJumaerc, bhrohtb. 
B OrBpain,eHie kt> HHoseMnqmi moimo npnHecTH H^KorAa H3B4cTHyio 
nojraay, ho Tenept yace HeyirtcTHO, KorAa Poccia BepHyjact m> ca- 
nooftiaAamK), 6-iaroAapa nojiHOMy npo6yatAeHiro Hai^ioHajrLHaro reHia 
npe noBoflHOMt TocyAapi. Tenept arfeAyen, yate Ay>iatL o nporpec- 
cfc". 9tott» nporpeccL aBTopr* bhahtx bt> caMoifB nrapoBOMi. nooiupeum 
4>pHTpeAepcrBaTBjeKaflCLCo(kn , BeHHfcniT>B(K)6pa«eHieMX,onT,yBtpaeTT>, 
ito bc^ „6yAym,ie mhhhctpu** Hunepa-ropa HnEojaa II jn6epajLHU, h 
Ha3UBaen»: kh. J[o6aHOBa, r. A6asy, rp. MHjrioTHHa h r. Kaan, He hoao- 
spiBaa BiWc^AHeMi. BHAHaro npeACTaBHTejia Hamero npoTesi^ioHHSMa. 

1* 



Digitized by 



Google 



KaHsxa coflep»HTT> emenaccy saKOHO^aTejLHaro Marepi&ia, xpo- 
hhkj h o6o8pime uapjaMOHTCKofi jkhbhh $paHU}H, repaamH, Abct{uh 
h ^amn; HaKOHen,T>, cdhcoki noxumuHecKuxny (fioKtnoe* 3a TeKymifi 
wbaun'b bt> TepMamH, Ahtjih, ABcrpin, Bejarm, BpasnjiH, Boj^apiH, 
KaHa#fc, ^hjh, KanmHrfi, ^ama, ErHirai, HcnaHus, Coej&BewHWh 
IIlTaTaxTb, rpei^in, ToH^ypaci, Ahtjio-Hewh, rowaH^cKHxi* icoiom- 
Jixt, HTajrin, flno^, MapoKKO, HnEaparBt, Hop*era, UopTyraais, 
ApreHTHHCKofl pecnyfijTHKi, PyMuniH, Poccih, Cep6in, niseflnapia, 
HMo-4>ayHAieH#fc, Tprauwraci h TypitfH, 

6) 0eepaAb 1895 i. kh. 8. Go&epaam CTaTLio Eomu (btwmri- 
csaro AenyraTa h 6hb. MHwcrpa) n O #kjonpoH8BOACTBi bi> ffra*i«- 
ceoA na^art" h CTaTbro HSBicraaro naps^csaro npo<f>ecco$)a, uesa 
4>paHJ0(y3C£aro HHcraryTa r^accoua „0 BOAH^HBaiOH fit XIX BiKi u , 
co^epaamyio, Meamy nporairb, oTOpEt BoaaeKHOBeHw Ha^nHxt cy- 
Aefoux-b ycrauoBx. Aajfce ecxb craiM npo<j>eccopa napHaccKofi nutow 
noMTHHecKHxx Hays* Omypm: »IIpoeircb paffHgajbHofi uapTia o 
npeofipasoBaHiH HajioroBx", bt> BOTopoft aBTop^ saaaoTCJi BpHTH^e- 
ckmmt> pas^opoMt npeyyroaceHta, noanHcaHwo 166 paAHBaxmmiH 
^enyTaiaTaHH, seiaion^HMH coBepmeHHaro npeotfpasoBftHia <j>paHnj3~ 
csoA CHCTeMH Ha4oroBi>. He B,w*ajicfc bt> noApo6Hoe pascMOTpfaue 
3Tofi CTaTbH, yKaseifB jhihl Ha to, sto paflHKagbHaa uapria Tpe6yon» 
BBe^eHia npaBHT&iBCTBeHHofi perajin Ha cnnpTHue HaraTM, APyraaiH 
CJOBaMH: n Ka3eHHoi npoaaaui BHHa a . r-iaBHaa hxi» sa6ora— o6e8uo- 
4HTb noTpe6HTejieft on. <jMU*CH<{>HKaitiH. Oryp&re> ynpeKaerL hxt> wb 
ney6kfl&TeJihBQCTE h maTBOCTH npHBeaeHHHXi hmh j*h<|>p*& h bi 
JlorKOMHCJeHHOM'B npeHe6pe»emH <{>HCBajBHi*aiH HHTepecaMH. ABTOpiI 
upoeETa oco6eHHO ccujaioTca Ha iipjaMipt lUBeti^apin, vxi> cuapr- 
Haa mohohojw cymecTByera Cb 1887 roja; ort aToro cpaBHema 
aBTopx npe^ocTeperaert: onhin, HlBefljuiapiH uosasuBaera HueHHO 
cjafiy© aoxo^octb 3Tot cTa,TbH; Meac^y rkwb — <j>paHnyacK« paw 
KajibHaji uapria cTpeuHTCJi saar&HHTB 9tobo mohohojuoh) lyrt-iH ho 
waBHue ^i hhh4 cymecTByiomnxt HajoroBt. 

Bl> TOfi »6 KHHJKKi HMiBDTCfl H3Cl^AOBaHifl H CTaTBH IJIdCCOHa\ 

„0 MHJiaHCKOMTb MeamyHapoflHOM'B cb^At no BonpocaifB crpaxoBaHifl 
pa6oHHxi» orb Hec^acTHHxx cjyqaeBb"; Jl&fiopa ^OnpoeKrfe aaKoaa 
o6i> auTeKaxt h npoj;aaci JGKapcTBx"; Qpancya „0 qeict bo $pa9- 
uin h AHrjiin". 3Ha?HTe,n>Haro BHHMania sacjyatHBaexB CTaTba LUa- 
AaMeAH „0 bottohhuxx KHHTaxi> « nepecMOTpt $P aH m 3C Karo w- 
^acTpa a . OHa AoJiacHa nponaBecTH 6jaronpiaTHoe BneqaTjrtHie Ha 



Digitized by 



Google 



JHD^,, 3HaB0HUXt> CT> T*M1» ynOpCTBOM'B, C% ROTOpfcIMT> (f)paHliy3CKie 

lopHcni ao chxx nopt saiuHmajra cbok), MajionpHro^Hyro wa do- 
Tpefaocrei Kpeflinra, Hnorerayro cecreMy, b*> Kcropoft Bcer.ua ocraeT- 
ca Micro &xa TaftHHXt HUOTexi, noflpHBaromnx'fc jocTOBipHOCTh 
jshhtb. Hacroamaa CTaTBH npeflCTaBMert Bnojfffe nocj^oBaTejhHyto 
sammy npHHn,HHOBT> repaiaHc&aro rpyH*6yxa, jaBHo h yaarao BBe- 
AeHEaro bt» bt&rotopux'b cTpaHax** r^i JckfterByerb <|>paHuy8CKift 
KojeKct (npmrfipaMH yKa»eiri»: UapcrBO IIojn>cBoe h KaHTorn* Bo). 
Cneuia^bHa^ Koiumcia, yqpexjjeHHaa 4)paHn,y3CKEMi> npaBHTejK>cTBOMT>, 
saHHra at HaCTOjnu,ee Bpena no#r<m>BKofl HHOTeraoft pe<J>opMH, ko- 
TopaA noBHAHMoay flo*«Ha npoHBoflro bt> cmhcj4 repMaHCKaro rpyna- 
6yxa. Osa^se h saraTa BonpocoMi o6t ofiHOBjremH Ka^acTpa. Ilpn 
aTOMi> sejavejiBHuifL npeacTaBMeTCJi He o^ho otfHOBjeme 6e.3ycjfOBHo 
ycTapiBmHXt ero onncaTeJibHHXfc aaHHuxt, ho h opramsaijia ero 
bt> TaKDBTL BHji, ito(5m ero yfloCTOBtpema momr cjyaim> ropHAH- 
necxHMT, ocHOBairieMT. bt, cnopaxt o npe^Merfe wiwhrnn hjh oto»- 
AecTB* rtxt hjh apyrHXTb seiiejiBHHXT. e^HHimt h Kjrf*T0KT> (par- 
eelles). SranN&B, cnoco6cTByioni,aa coKpameniro 8eMen>HHXT> h Meate- 

BHXT> CHOpOBt, — SaHMCTBOBaHa, HOBHOTMOMy, BWb npaRTHKH ff&ROTO- 

pwxt repMaaeKHXib rocyaapcrBi h mBefinapcKHX'B KaHTOHOBt, r^i 
Ka^acTpoBoe ocHOBaHie HnoTeraofl chctcmh npoflaeTt Kpe,HHTy He- 
o6uKHOB6HHy«) nojHOTy npeweTHaro o6e3ne*eHte. HeiLBJi He npn- 
BtTCTBOBaTB bo <£paHijy8CKofl jHTepaTypi Tasoro noBopoTa iracosHa- 
TexbHOMy yjy^meHiK), no cpeAHe-eBponeftcKHirc, o6pasijaM'B, BOBce He 
BAsynprncji ct TpaAHi^iflMH HHcaToieft CTapoft hikojh, ocflOBHtixt 
Ha*ajrB 3enejBHofi peracrpaijiH. Bhjo aaBHO nopa! 

BHjpuoiqerocji mojkho HasBaxb em,e CTaTBD Mnua „0 BJiamn 
nepecejemft nm> flepeBHH m> ropofli — na (jjpam^pcKyK) poa,naeMOCTB a . 
OcHOBUBajieB Ha o6hjilhuxt> aaHHHX'B o<jxJ)Hn;iajiBHoft craTHCTHKH, 
aBTOpi, flOKaBHBaero*, *nx> MOBiuiiee npexpameme nepesica poatflemft 

HW CMepTflMH BO $paHIlJH— CTOHTl BT> CM8H H6 (^B TJeTBOpHHMl* 

xapaKTepom, yroH^eHHofi ljHBHJiHsaijJH h He ecTB cboActbo Bupcns- 
Aa»n^efiCH <5y^T0 (^pamryscxoft pacu, ho Henocpe#CTBeHHO nponcxo- 
pn orb nepeceAenin napodoHaceAenix us* depeenu e% topodi, n tto 
aro caMoe HBJienie noBTopnerca h bt» ^pyrnxTb itpaa xi>, HaxoAOH^Rxcx 
iFh mans* ycjOBiaxx KyjiBTypH h npn Apyrofl paci, Heaera bo 
*panipH, Orcx>Aa npaKTHTOCKit bhbo^b aBTapa: neo6xoduMo co3damb 
6am npeemtfiHCKato ncmum* vrndn $kohomuh6ckm yctoeix, npu no* 
mop\*xh mo ne cmpeMUA0Cb-6u nonudawb podnyio depeenio. 



Digitized by 



Google 



r" w Jfi 



— 6 — 

Ectl b*b Toft ate KHH»irf> saniiTKa 9. Eepxa: ff IIoJHTH^ecsaa h 
napjameHTCBafl xpoHHKa $HH.MHj;iH a , npejCTaMattmaa aobojbho 
6jiij^HyjE) KOMmu^i© o6in,aro cocroaHia <&HHMH,a;iH, en ynpaBjeHia, 
naprifi, napjtaMeHTCBHX'L pacnpefi h HOBifimaro saROHOAareiBCTBa. 
AsropTb OTCHjaen. kte> HSBicrHOMy ipyay r. MexeAuna n O rocyjap- 
cTBeHHoarB npaBi B. K. $HHMHflcicaro a , $pamiy3CE06 HBjame icoero 
buhuto bt> raiLCHHr^opci, bt> 1886 roay. HacL He moiuo ho nopa- 

3HTB, CL SaSOK) THjaTeJILHOCTBlD aBTOpt THTyxyeTL, HOHTH KaSAUfi 

past, pyccsaro rocyjapa cjoBam: al'empereur etgrand-duc <l ,ao ( nHffi> 
past aa»e roBopHrt: n le nouveau grand-due de Finlande, Nicolas II s . 
BonpocB o&b HcnojHeHin pyecraxt cjfl % e6m*x% pimeHifi bt» $hh- 
jiaH^H aBTopx HasuBaers: „3aKOHonpoeKTOin> Meotcdynapoduato xa- 
paKTepa". QraTefiRa HanHcaHa noBHAHMOMy bx rejbCHHr<f>opc4. 
b) Maptm 1895 i. kh. 9. CoAepsHTL cxfejyiomia craxBH: 

1) $op% „OraTHCTHKa b*b AeMOKpaTmecKOM* rocyjapcrBi"; 

2) IUsccom n MesAyHapoAHufi cnA&Kh o pa6oveifb crpaxoBamH 
bi MiuaHi"; 

3) Eotfopb ,HcKJH)^HTejBHufi saROHi. no npejcueTy BOJOCTHaro 
ynpaBJiem* bt» roMaHjiH"; 

4) rn6ep*-B<M*py „06mecTBa norpefiirrejieft nepe^B (|>paHijy3- 
CKHMt ceHaTOMi"; 

5) Opiy ,3aKOHonpoeKTB o BeTepHHapnofl MeAHijHHf; 

6) ,3,8* ctrtbheo Bonpocy „o $HCBaju>HOM'B ofaoaceniH 6-iaroTBO- 
pHTaiBHttxt y*peamemH a , o^na— GatuppanKa, APyraa — Apeu^yca\ 

7) flfxpcu „0 BSucBaHiH nojaTeft a ; 

S)Mupo „0 BOHHCKofi noBHHHOCTH bo (f)paHu,y3CKHX'L kojohUxt,"; 

9) EcuAbs „JKejI>3HOAopoaHua otfmecTBa h npaBa rocyjapcTBa*; 

10) MuAAbe w Poccia h BoourapcKift Bonpoci» a . 

3a HeBosMosHOCTBi) noirfecTHTL 060 Bctxt BHrneyKasaHHUxt craTt- 
&Yb npocTpaHHufi otsubx, orpaHHTOMCfl nocii^HeK), 6jhs6 jo Haci> 
Kaca»mefica. ABTopi chjlho paTyen> 3a c6xHseme Poccin h Bojt 
rapin, npn 9Tomi> — Ha npaBaxt rocyaapcTBt, cToam^rxt saRi>-6u Ha 
paBHoft Horfc. BonpeBH onrbHKy, npncBoeHHOMy Hamen o$<f>Hiiio3HOK> 
npeccoio TOMy o6M*Hy TaierpaMMi,, KOTopiift uociijOBa-rB ne«ay 
hhh* i^apcTByromHMi rocy^apeMt HtanepaTopoirB h npHHijeirB $ep- 
XHHaHAoirB Bcxfe^x sa CMepTLD AjrescaH^pa in, aBTop'B Ha^ieTCH, 
tto 9thmi» TaierpaMMaMT> upHcyme He npocroe SHa^eme iieajyHa- 
po^Hofi BisiHBOCTH, ho h csasuBaeTCfl Ha^ajo upe^cTOiimaro c6ih- 
semfl AByxt npaBHTejiBCTM. ITpn^HHu He^0B0jQ»CTBa, BUSBaHHUA 



Digitized by 



Google 



Oan6y.50BCKHMT> peJKHMOin>, naiH, jymaeTL r. MnjBe, BMiCTt CB 
6ojrapcKHMi, npeMBepoirB. „Botb noqeMy, npoflOJUKaeTB ohb, BCji^-B 
3a na^eHieMX r. Oraii6yjiOBa ofiHapyatajacB ckjiohhoctb kt> 6ox&e 
6jiaronpiaTHOMy cystoma o (JojrapcKHXB fl'fejax'B bt» cpaBHH f reJ!J>uo 
caMocrojiTe^BHod nacTH pyccKoft ne^am IIpocTpaHHue n HHTepBBK) a , 
onytiJBBOBaHHue bt> BaaHiftmefi pyccKoft raserfe, j ,Hobomt> BpeMeun" 
3a hoahhgbk) n 01d Gentleman", KairE-6yAT0 HanpaujeHH 6hjh ki>jym- 
meMy ocBimemio vjBcrwh 6ojirapcKHXt uoiHTBraecKHxt xkiTejieii no 
OTHOffleHk) kt> PocciH. HiKOTOptie pyccicie aypH&iH, Meamy npoqnMB 
w BicTHBKi, Ebpodm", Biipo^eMt Bcer.ua OTJHraaBmifica TpesBUMi n 
6esnpflCTpacTHiiM'L cyayjemearB o (fairapcKOM-B Bonpoci, OTqeTJHBO 
BHCKasajracB b*b nojL3y npHMHpema ct> Bojrapiefl, paBMCHaa 060- 
DAHua bhtoj^u Tanoro corjameHia a . OfipamaacB ki» HCTopHiecKOMy 
o&opy rfexx co6imft, KOTopua npHBejH kt> orapHTOMy paspuBy 
neatly Bojrapie© h Poccieio, aBTopt HaxoflHrB, qTO 3Ha*eme 3Thxi» 
npn^HHt ocia&ieHo rkwb ofcTOflTejrBCTBOirB, qTo h£ti» (forte bt>»h- 
bhx-b hh npoBHHHBmaroc« AjeKcaHflpa BaTreHfieprcKaro, hh npnica- 
saBmaro eiay y^ajHTbca hst. BojrapiH — HMuepaTopa AjieKcae;i,pa III. 
FaBCiiaTpHBaa rk apryMeffru, Ha KOTopuxi, Hame npaBirrejiBCTBO 
ecer^a oceoBUBajo HenpMBHaHie CBCBoefi cropoHH H36pama npHHija 
$epAHHaHxa, asTopB ycMaTpHBaerb bt» hhxt, qHcro (f>opMajBHufi xa- 
paKTepi, He norymift cjyatHTB OBOH^aTaiBHod uom4xok> kl nosAFfcfi- 
meiiy yTBepayjeHii) upHHija, He CMOTpa Ha HejjprajiBHOCTB ero nepBo- 
HaqajbHaro Hatfpama. IIo MHiHiso r. MnxiBe, e^HHCTBeHHUMB Hop- 
•tajBHHMT. hcxo^omi cymecTByron^x'B Bieac^y Poccieio h Bojrapieio 
HeHopMajBHux'B OTHomeHilf aB.iaerca: 6e.sycjionnoe npHBHame ero 
statuquo bt> BojrapiH h B03o6HOBjeme AHHjroMaTHqecKHX'B cHouieeift 
Bt TOMTE>-ae bha^, Kara ohh 6hjh bi cemytfpii 1885 rojja. Hpej;- 

BHJfl, HTO CB pyCCKOfi CTOpOHH HOCrtflyeTB B03pa»eme He CTOJIfcKO 

npoTHFt (f«KTa coewHema, 6e3T> Hainero y*acria, cfcBepHoft qacrn 
Bojrapin cr> roaHoft (BoctotooA Pyaiejieft), ckojibko npoTHBt Aony- 
m,emj* npHHi^a ^ep^HHaH^a itb KHH»ecKOMy npaBJiemx), r. MnjLSBe 
sai^mi^aeTB npHHi^a. Ho^eiiy-ate TaKan aHTHnariH — ^tobophtb ofb. 
n Oproro-jffl, oto ^pHH^'B — He npaBocjaBHHft; && b^b aro j&jio ca- 
mhxi> fiojcrapi. Ohh ate Moryn> y6*AHTBC«, hto no Ty cropoHy ^y- 
H&a jRwefrai KamanqecKOMy rocy^apio ocqacTJiHBJHBaTb iipaBocjaBHufi 
Hapo^B. Mcmkho hohatb, noqeaiy Poccia He fies* coatajriHin bhahtb 
KaTOjraxa Ha 6ojrapcKOMi> npecToji; ho sa*cb h4tt> ocHOBaHia, b*b 
^yxi san^HH^aeMaro TpaicraTa, He ^onycKaxB khhsh, noTOMy tto ohb 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 8 — 

KaTOJiHKT> u , Tpe6oBaHie, co cropoHU pyccsaro otimecTBeHHaro MB&aia, 
HenpeMiHHaro narHama npHHn,a kaki» ycjOBia, 6eai> BOToparo neiiu- 
cjhmo B08o6HOMeHie CHomemfi, r. Msuuae Haxojnn> Hecor*acHHin> 
vh aBTopHTeTHOD pojiBD, npHcymefi pyccKoft jep»aB*, Kast npej- 

CTaBHTejLHHl^i IIOJIHTHqeCKOft yCTOfllHBOCTH H KOHCepBaTH3Ma,TaKT»BaKT> 

Hsraame npaBHreja, yse 7 xbrh croas^aro bo rjasi erpaHH, He 
moi\io-6h npon3ofiTH 6esi» SHaiHrejBHaro noTpaceHia. BnpoqeirB, 
npoxoJsaerB oht>, „pyccsaa nojniTHKa Ha 6ajncaHCKOirB noiyocrpoB-fe 
He 6Hja ao chxi nop* Taxon cqacTJHBoio, hto6u cxfejoBajo ee 
npoAoisaTB 6e3i» HSMiHemf. HeyirficTHiurB (!) Tpe6oBaBdeMi» y 8* 
1878 roay, pyMHHCKoft odjacra, sacoxeHHoft 6oihme Bcero pyMHHamr, 
ara nojMTHKa nochaja He^OBipie y nojesHura codshhkob'b* 6paTb- 
evh no opyai© no^B ELieBHoro. Bt pesyaBTart, PymiHia 6uia oa- 
hhm* H8t nepBuxi> rocyjapcTB'B, npHCoexHHHBHiHXca CHitnaTiHMH kt> 
TpoflcTBeHHOMy co»3y. Hhh£, oAflaKo, pyMUHCKifi Hapox* HOMOXeTB 
oco6eHHo coTyBCTBOBaTb Taxoiiy coroay, in> KOTopoMt HOTOraoe Micro 
npHHafljeatHTt yraeTaTeiairB ero TpaHCHJihBaHCKHxt tipaiid. HoaroMy 
mo»ho 6hjto-6h oaH^aTt H^KOToparo noBopoTa PyBfuein bt> CTopoHy 
PocciH, ecjra-6u ea ofipast fffeficTBift no OTHomeHiio kt> BojcrapinHe 
cnoco6em> 6uji r B BHymim, HejuoBipie. Bcaicoe CTpeiuieHie -PocciH kt> 
cjhjiikomb HenocpeacTBeHHOMy BosA&ficTBii) Ha saAyHaftctia #&** 
AOJ»ho 03a60HHBaTB PyMUHiD. HanpoTHBi>, eexuKodytanaji noJRTiuca, 
Bcen.ijo npHSHaroniaa.aBTOHOMiK) sHasecrfia, cnoco6cTBOBaia-6u m> 
sHa^HTejrBHofl nipt ycnoKoemro noAOBpimfi, BHymeHHUX'b pyccsoD 
boctotook) nojHTHEofl h ao cHXi» nopi> eme He Bnojrai paarftaHHUxi*. 
Bci ara piqjH, npn Bcefl pasyMHOcra HairtqeHHoft ijiura— B08cxa- 
HOBjema HopMajBHHX'B oTHomeHifl Mea^y Bo*rapiero h Poccien, — 
OAHaxo, nopasawrB qpe.SMipHo AemeBoft oijimcoft Bcixt pyccBHXx 
HHTepecoBt h npnTasamfi, HMt-ase noioseHHoi BaffB-ta rypTOirb. 
Tpyjpo earn MnpHTbca cb Taium tiesanejuuniioHHUM'B ocya&AemeirB 
n HeyM4cTHOCTH <c B03BpameHia Ham* m> 1878 roAy 6eccapa6csaro 
By^sasa, OTHaTaro ynacxBi 1856 roxy. Taaejio Han> corjacHTBC* 
onaTt HaA^TB Ha ce6a o6asaTejii>Hoe apiio „BejHKOAymHofi tf hojhthkh, 
xorxa bc4 ycHjda Hamero nojurra^ecKaro BoenHTaHia najo-no-najy 
h He 6e$B Tpy^a HanpaBJieHU 6lijh ki> 6oxie i^tjiecoo6pa3Hoft bu- 
pa6oTKi Hanrnx-L xh&CThiA h Kb OTpimeniK) on TpaAHH,ioHHaro Ha- 
mero „AOHKHXOTCTBa tf , He BftaBaacL bi> noApo6Hy» nojeMKKy no no- 
Boxy HHxepecHo*, ho eicKOjrtKo oxHOcropoHHet, CTan>« r. Muue, 
He Mosera He noxaiaTB, tto6li c6jHseme Hanie cb 6oirapaMH, 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 9 — 

edit eary eyauefio coctootbgh, He nociysiiio noBojowb k% Tony, 
qTo6u, eoat> npeworoirB bugokhxi> npHHipnoBi», or^aTb sa .neme- 
byio ijtay HHTepecu h BjmiHie PocciH Ha tiajncaHCBOM'B rocyjapcTBi, 
BynjieHHoe Aoporou u4hok> haochix nopr> He yHH^roaceHHoe APy»- 

HHMt HaTHCEOMT, HafflHXl> npocBimeHHuxt COnepHHKOKb. 

IIcnepKHyBi, tott, AnccoHancB, KOTopufi nia Hacb, pyccKHxt, 
3ay wr& bt> H'bKOTopHX'B oocrpoeHuiX'B r. Maube, jHCcoHaHCt, onpo 
qero, qaero omymaeMHfl Hami tor^a, Kor#a sanMHHfi iejojr&in> ia- 
TOHaen* sonarac* Bfc Ha6o.iiBineMi> am Hacs boctoihomi» Bonpoci, 
Mil me HoaeirB OTKasaTL vb npasHamH sa craTteio r. MHUbe ceptes- 
saro xapairrepa, (xiaroaapa Boeny ona bhoje* Ha cbo6mt> Micrfc 
bt. TaEom. noqTeHHOMi> acypHajft, jcasi ^noJiumuHecnoe u Hapaa- 
MenmcKoe 06o3pn>Hie u . 

Hst> npHBeAeHHiix'B BbiflepateKt bhaho, Basoro xapairrepa h ao- 
croHHCTBa JiBjaeTCH dro HOBoe FS^ame. Ero sHa^eme coctohfb m> 
tomt», hto oho bo (jjpamjyscicofi JHTepaTypi Bocno-iHaen. cymecrBO- 
BaBnrift ro chxt> nopt npo64jri>, npe^craBjaa 6oraTufl cum* cbI- 
A$mft no BOnpocam» coijiajBHoi hojihthkh. Mosho cpaBHHTB Brora 
xypHax* n> HSBicraHMT, nepiojpraeeKHifb HBAameM-L no couiajbHUMt 
BonpocairB, noHBJLaiOTnfiuc& bt, T»6HHreHi noAfc pe*aBijier> Venpuxa 
Bpayna: n Archw fUr Soziale Gresetzgebmg unci Stati&tik. Viertel- 
jahresschrift zur Erforsehung der gesellschaftliehen ZastSnde aller LaBder". 
Ho ^paHi^yscBifi sypHUi» bhxoaht?> 12 pas* wb roAt (a He 4 pasa), 
h npHTOMT* KHHaucaMH okojo 200 crpaHimt b-l Kaa^ofi. 3a to, oht> 
baboo Aopose H'hMeijKaro apxHBa h ctohtb 25 (f)p. bt> ro£i>. HsAa- 
Hie HMien> bhat> hotoh pocKOHraufi. 

A. EauiMdKOfo. 



1. B. JlymiqRit. Tpydu A. 0. KucmsnoecKato ebo6*acmu uctno- 
piu u o6uHnaw npasa. KieBt. 1895 r. 

OqepKx TajiaHTJHBaro asropa nocBiun&wb o6sopy h o^6hk* jh- 
TepaTypHo-HayiHofl ^iarejibHocTH BHaMeHHTaro npo<j>eccopa, domhmo 
yrojoBHan) opasa, MHoro nopa6oTaBinaro Ha noxbsy nsy^eHk yKpanH- 

CKOfi DpH^H^eCSOfi CTapHHW. Go 3HA CHepTH A. *. KHCTAKOBCBarO 

yae Hponuo a^cjitb jirb, h TenepB, roBopHT* npo4>. JlyHHi^Kift, Ha- 
crynHJo Bpeim onpe^tjHrrB to Micro, Kasoe mEEusun> om& bt, o6m,efl 
Hayraofi pafiorfe, poJB h dEsmenie ero HscjrbAOBaHifi bt> ofyepb HayKH. 



Digitized by 



Google 



•TW f 



— 10 — 

Cneu,iajLHOCTbio KHcraKOBCKaro 6ujlo yroiOBHoe apaBo. Ero H3&rb- 
AOBame o CMepraofi Ka3HH no cnpaBeflJHBOCTH craTaerca oahhmi> hst* 
BHAaromnxca npoHSBe^eHifi no 3TOMy Boupocy. OtfteMHcraft, wb Bbicmeft 
CTeneHn coAepacaTejiLHufl Kypci jempd H3BicTem> scaKOMy. 

Meirfce sHaxoMu raTararo Tpyjpi SHaMeHHTaro KpHMHHajHCTa no 
?acTH cofinpaHia MajopocciftcKHX'B ropH^HnecKHXt o6ircaeBT> h BuacHe- 
ma creneHH saHMCTBOBama pHHCsaro npaBa bt> 3aKOHo#aT&n>CTB , fc, 
botopumx nojLSOB&iacL YKpafiHa. Hpo<i>. JlyHHipcifi wh cBoefi 6po- 
mropi .maeTT. oiy&HKy KncraKOBCKOMy hmohho cb btoS ctopohh. Kara 
Ha caMufi paHHift onun> nacjijoBama KncTaKOBCKHirb yxpaHHCRofi 
HCTopin aBTopt pas6npaeMoft 6pomDpu ysasuBaen. CTaTbro, no«fe- 
memy© wl ^Ochob** sa 1862 ro^i>, no^i BarjaBieM* B XapaKTe- 
pncTHKa pyccsaro u noJbCKaro saKOHoaaT&ibCTBa o KpinocTHOMt irpaBt 
no oraomeHiio M&xopoccin . Bt» 9toI CTaTbiA. <£. AOEasuBaerb, hto 
KpinocTHoe npaBO iryTeMt otfuiaa yTBepABjocb ropas^o paHie XVIII 
croxkTia, Kor.ua pocciftcKHMt npaBHTejibCTBOMx 6iwb ysaKOHeffb <J>aim,, 
cymecTBOBaBinifi HSflaBHa. Hpn Hanncamn craTtn, KncraKOBCKift nothr 
BOBajica KpafiHe CKy^HUMi, MaTepiajoirs, ho, He cMOTpa Ha 6*fej,H0CTb 
^aHHtixt, o6o6maiomaa npoBH^amaa cnja yMa yneHaro 6uja ctojib 

BeJHJEa, TTO BQOCJli^CTBiH BHOBfc OTKpHTUO apXHBHHO flOKyMeHTH 

m> noApo6HocTiTXT> noATBepjHjnt bhboah h floraflra Tow* eme DHaro 
HHcaTaia. 

GiiayromHirb KauHTajbHUMB Tpy^OMx, nocBan^eHHinfL Maiopoc- 
cificKofi CTapHHt, r. JtyiHitfcift craTaera Krary, bt> BOTopofl KHcra- 
KOBCKifi, npH ^pesBH^afiHO i^4hhomt> BBOAemH, H3jraraerc> coAepsame 
bi> BHcmeft CTeneHH i^HHoft pyKonncH, Kacaromeflca jifiCTBia Marje- 
OyprcKaro npaBa Ha VKpaftHt. Kmira 3Ta HSBicrHa noj^b HMeHeirb 
n npaBi>, no KOTopHMt cyaHTca MajopocciflcKifi Hapo^b*. Ony6.WKOBaH- 
Haa EHcraKOBCKHMi, pyKOiracb ei> AOCTOBipHOCTWD yacHHja, *ito cTaTbH 
pHMCKnxi, saKOHOBt cjyatHJH vl cy^axt o^cJHmiajbHHirb hctoihb- 
kom-l npn pa^oopi rpasAaHCKHX'b gbr*. 

Bi o6jacTH o6uHHaro npaBa Majropoccin KHCraKOBCuifi ycnijrb 
toji.ko HaMiTHTL nyTH Ha6.noAeHia npoaBjemft Hapo^Haro npanoco- 
3HaHia. HayqeHiro nocj*,HHaro oht> npn^aBajTb rpoMa^Hoe BHaqeme. 
IIpn homoiii;h 3HaROMCTsa ct> ofiu^HUMt npaBOMi>, no eroMErbHi», 
mosho npiy^HTBca kt> 6epeacHOMy o6pamemio ci>sh8Hbk) Hapow, so- 
Topyio cji^yerx yjyqmaTb, a He joiiaTB, h kb HCBaHis) vb ni^paxt 
Hapo,na Toro nporpeccHBHaro Haqaja, KOToparo mm HHor^a xo^hmx 
HCKaTb 3a Mope. Cji^ya onpeA&ienHofi i^4jh, EncTaBOBCsifl cocrra- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 11 — 

bhxl ^IIporpaMMy am cotfHpama h HByTOHUi ropiwwecKHX'b o6uqaeB r B 
h Hapoj^Huxt B033pimd no yrciOBHOMy npaBy^Bx aroft nporpamri* 
nacTHTirft yqeHufi ^OKasuBajit neofixoAHMocTB npHMiHema bt, #aH- 
Hont cjyqai cpaBHHTejBHaro MeTOfta, BOTopuft ocotfeHHO upi\ro^ewb 
biPoccui, r^* B-BcocTaBi Haeeiemji bxoahti npeACTaBirrejra caMLixt 
pasHoo6pa3Hux , L HapojHOcrefi. 

B. r. 



A. Bop36HKO. Upomecrm nepesodnaw e&icejm. 1895 r. 20 k. 

5>ro — raseTHaa CTareftKa, H3AaHHaH vb bha* KpomKH-6ponn)pH 
H3% 24 crpaHHTOKB h hAckojbko pasx rpoMKO HMeHyeMaa aBTOpom, 
B H3cxfeAOBaHieMi> u . Bt> Heft TpH w rjaBH a . CHa^aja asropi muKyerB 
Bucoqafime yTBepa^eHHoe MHtaie rocyaapcTBeHHaro coBiTa 14 MapTa 
1872 r. — O nopa£ic&, bt> KOTopom aojjkho 6htb coBepmeHO bh4- 
cy^efiHoe TpetfoBame no nepeBOAHoaiy BeKcejiK) — bt> tom-b CMUcxfe^Trp 
#xa coxpaHeHia BeKcejbHofi cmh, Tparra {nepeBOAHtift BeKcejb) aoj- 
sna 6htl onpoTeeTOBaHa bt> HenjaTe»4 He tojbko npoTHBi* Tpac- 
caTa (aBAeirraHTa), ho h npoTHBi TpaccaHra (BeKcejeAaTejra). SartM*, 
oirapaHCB Ha pimeme 4 AenapTaweHTa ceHaTa 1886 r. (J6 603), aB- 
Tojrb yTBepa^aera, mro sarpaHHHHufi nepeBOAHuft BeKC&ib AO^aem> 
6utl npoTecTyeMB nporaB'B OTBfrrcTBeHHux'B jump (BeKce-ieAaTejui, 
(aaHKOHaAUHcaTejeft) no aaKOHaarB rfcxt crpaHt, rA'fc ara -raija npH- 
HHnajra Ha ce6a ofrisaT&xBCTBa. 

HaBOHei^b, aBTopa TpeBoanrB coMH*Hie, ctohtbjh, bt> BHAy h4- 
Roropux'B pacxoAOBx no npoTecTy, npoTecTOBaTB 6e3HaAe»Huii aojfb? 
H botk, m> oahoatb it&ct4 (cTp. 20) ohx roBopHTi>: mosho coi\aa- 
GHTBca ci> rkwh Mfir&HieirB, ?to 6esnojie3Ho oxpaHATB fiesHaAeacHHfl 
lorn 4>opMajiBHocTAMH npoTecra. IIpOTecrB He oshbhtb BeKC&iBHaro 
odflsaTejubGTBa... A bt> ApyroirB (crp. 21) raTaem,: wbrh ocHOBama 
odaHaBJHBaTBCfl npe^x Heo6xoAHMOCTB» He6ojtmaro pacxo^a, conpa- 
aeHHaro cb npoTecroira, pa^n coxpaHeHia sa TparroH) BeKcejBHaro 
upaBa. OneBHAHo, TaKyro AHJeiwy He pa3pimaen> ^HscjiiAOBaHie" 
aBTopa. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 12 — 

E. B. BacbROBCEii. Ocmenw eonpocu ad^mamcKod tmunu. C.-D.B. 
1895 roja. 

Pasfinpaa mh$hui, BHCRasaHHiia bt> pa8Hoe speiia oTeiecTBeHHUint 

H HHOCTpaHHUMH HHCaT&iaMH OTHOCHTeJBHO BaJRH*ftmHXl> npHHUH- 

uonrb a^BOKaTCKoft npo<f>eccioHajn>Hofi HpaBCTB6HH0CTH, r. BaCBKOBCKift 
npHMHKaeTt kt> TOMy HanpaBJremK), KOTopoe craraen* ajBOKaTypy 
o6in,ecTBeHHLiM'L cjysemeirL, noATOHeHHum, saKOHaMi h Tpe(k)Ba- 

EillMfc BMCflieft BTHKH. Ho MHCJH aBTOpa ^OCHOBHHXt BOIipOCOB'fe", npH- 

cjhehuH noBipeHHHft ABoficTBeneei, bt> cBoeMx nojosemH o6m,ecTBeH- 
Haro Kbffrexa: ct oahoA ctopohu, owl samHTHincB HHXRBK,fl;yftjn>HHxi» 
npaBt rpas^aHHHa bohma bhciiihxt, HHTepecoBt OTBJieieHHofi cnpa- 
Be^HBOCTH, ct apyroft — $aKTopi> cyAonpoH3BOACTBa noflofiHo rocy- 
^apcTBeHHOMy o6bhhht&ik) h cocraBy cyaa. OrciDxa ofiasaHHOCTH no- 
BipeHHaro pasMimarorca no AByarB pyfipHKaurt: OTBiTCTBeHHocrn sa 
HapymeHie npHHi^noBt HpaBcmeHHOCTH h orBiTCTBeHHocTH iopaa;H- 
qecKoft, ocHOBaraoi Ha 6yKB* saKOHa, Karct noJioaHTejLHaro Birpa- 
aeBia Bejrkmt bojh saKOHoaaTejra. 

,H4jia, upewaraeMHa a^BOKaTy ct btoA tohkh spliHia, MoryTB 6trrr» 
wh cbod oqepe^B pastfkieHH Ha jipb KaTeropin, HMeHHO: .niura, bob- 
fiyaMaromia BonpocH npaBa, Bo-nepBHXt, h, Bo-BTopart, saTparHBaK)- 
njia HpaBCTBeHHyro cropoHy npe^meTa. Ka3fc#aa m% yRa3aHHUxlE» na- 
TeropiS bt» bh^obom% noApasxfeieniH aaen, no Tpn rpymiH, HHorja 
coBna^aron^ia no coAepaaHiro, hotocto nporaBopiraamia Apyn> Apyry. 
Bt> oTHomemH npaBa h HpaBCTBeHHOCTH Raacjoe xk&o aBjaeTca mh 
6e3cnopHusn,, hjh comhht6Jbhum'b, hjh, HaROHeux, 6e3Ha^eacHiiirt. 
8th npnsHaKH Moryn» eoTOraTtca bt> paaiWHiixt BoatfitHaipax'B. 
Hirt coMHtma, too a^BOKarB HpaBCTBeHHo h sopHflHiecKH npaBoe 
A&ro 6epen» Ha cbok) oTB4TCTBeHHocn> ct nojfflHM'B ytfittfleHfein. 
cayaema cnpaBe^HBoCTH h otfmecrBeHHOMy rarrepecy. PasHOMNcaia 
no noAofiHOHY Bonpocy npoHsoSra He Moacert. Toae caMoe ny&Ho 
csaaaTB KacaTejrtHo jt$jn> ropHflOTecra coMHHTejELHHxt, no HpaBCTBemo 
npaBLixt. CoMHiHia B036y»,fl;ax)Tca m> HiRoropaxi* hhhxt> cay«rate'i>, 
t. e. bi> rope^H^ecKH b*phhxt> l zc&jaxi>, ho HpaBCTBeHo BenpaBmrfc, 

H Bt> BOnpOCaXT. COMHHTeJLHIAX'L BT> TOBTB H .HpyTOtffc OtfiOHieHiH . 

BesHaAeacHua m> ropHAHiecKOM'B h HpaBCTBeHHOMx caiuaii npejtK^ 
tomi paacyaaeHia, BOHe^HO, 6un> He MoryrL. 

J[j[n qaiOBiKa T&iaHTjiHBaro, onuTHaro, ho He^o6pocoBicTHaro, 
Airh cpe^Hifl KaTeropin xbJCh nojro»BTejbHO h oTHOCHTejbno 6e3HpaB- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 13 — 

CTBQHHHXt, npH COCTOflTeJBHOCTH HXl CO CTOpOHil HpaBOBOfi, Upefr 

crasjuoDTB co6o» oco6o 8*MaBraHBy» uieHrypy. Bt caMOMi» jkri, 
fk rpaamaHCKon> npoijecci, rat cyat yKJOHaeTca onBcauaro aire- 
Haro BMimaTextcTua bi xaa6y h, coxpaHAH HefiTpajBHoe nojoateiue, 
pyKOBOACTByexcfl tqjbko AOBOjaam cropoHt, JOBKifi aiaeu.'B Bcerja 
CLyirfceTB npnypowrb np#MQ h KOCBeHHO o6cTO«Ten>CTBa wb cbok) 
noynay, Bi* rpaayjaHCKoirb cyai ofipamaiyrcji MHXfioHu; noBipeHrarft, 
onpamaBfftift n*p&WM ttrieqTa, He ocraHerca m> HauaAii bt> otho- 
memH npHJH^Hof 6jarojapHocTH. Birfecrb ct rkarB, ct uepBHirb 
ycnixoifB yxe si. Hewy (Hukhtb hobh& AOirfepHTe.iL h3t> TafiHaro Hipa 
coMHHTejBHHxi» (^HHaHcoBBix'L ,arfejbu,OBT>. Kara Mhi yicaaajH Bume, 
cya* bi 3tomt> cjyqai paBHOjynmo Bsnpaert Ha 6opi>6y npoTHByno- 
jumwrb mjTepccoB^ ejiw Ha nteft *pmi p^cobb osaaRercji fiojie 
Aobojjobx h 6yuBa aajBona. Bt arax^ cjyTOaxT» HHTepeei (jwpnaJB' 
Haro npaBOcyaia co6uoAewb y ho cosHame o6mecrBeH*ofi cupaBe^v- 
bocth, y^OBjieiBopeHo jih oho; oho, KOTopoe H8t HiAP^ cbohxi ^aeTL 
csyjCHouy (jtopMaxbooiiy aaKOHO*aT&n>CTBy narepiaix m> ero nocry- 
naTaiKHQux jpHpceHiH. 06mecTHO, r*4 saKOHt pacxoAirca cb Hpaa- 

CTBOHHJhJMH $Q38p4HijMlH» He *H8H6HH0. Bt» yrWOBHOMfc HpOIJOCCi, HO 

nipt cwfc, cant 3AKOHOAaTaib cxapaexca pwb hoabwkhocccb h 
ntfteocvB MepTBQit CKaji KapaiamHx> cTaieti K0AeRC0BT>; wh a®om» 
cMHCxi Bcxpiqa^Ki, apaBo cyaeft cuarqaTt Hasagame bt> HSBicTHuxi 
creueanxi,, mu saaeMT, o6pameHie kt> Buco^aflmeS Bjacra b% vhx% 
ciy^&axi, Borjp $opMan»Hoe HaKasanie He cooTBirciByert BHyTpen- 
HeMy HCKJD^HTe^HOMy coAepsaHii) npecTyiueHia. 

Bk rpaaypHCBOin* uponecci axoro ntrB. ygadHBaeuaa r. Bact- 
kobcjuwb pcwo» ^B^aTa, iuucb aan^HTHHBa npiflUHnia^taofi cnpaBOA- 
jhbocth, Bejua h 6jiaraTBopHa. Oaa Honojuwerb hoooabhshoctb 
rpaamwcBaro saxona, Hir&Dmaro cl xhshed eme rfecHiftmee ctojsho- 
B^Hie, gesejoi saBQipb yrojOBHuH. Bonpoc^ o6i> ajjaosaTCKoft arnst 
^HBOTpeuemym-L h pacymeHx. To ptmeHie, Koropoe ape^iaraan, 
r. BacBKQijqujft, HecoiwtHHO HBJiwdrcH csmwat, %h8H6hjwmi> h 6jra- 
ropoAHUMt. Bt> Kama ahh, Kor^a BpeMeHHo ocja6ia HpaBCTBenjiaua 
WCUHMHHa, Kor^a HOBMmie co^hcth, cBoe«opucTHo no^tayacfc otho- 
cweJ^HOcxBio npieMOBt qaciaro iqpuefli^ cjyna4HHfi npHHjqyiQ'B 
cjj^fiHaro saxoHa dpenaTca BoaBeciH bb ochobho6 Ha^aio o6w$- 

CTBeHHOCTH, HIHpOKifl B03BUm6HHUfi B3rjtH^t HpeACTaBHmiH XJHmBX% 

8ari>yoB^ pyccKoft, aABOKaTypu upohsboahtb 0CBt«a»mee BueqaTji- 
Hi^. r. BacBKOBcmfi CTaBHro Hcxo^aofi tqiboII owueieHHoe nojooie- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 14 — 

Hie, ho pa-3B* oho ho cymecrBOBfuo ct caMaro Kan BOSHHKHOBemH 
HHGTHTyTa Hanraxt npHcasHuxt noBipedHuxt? Pa3B& fb jnutfi m- 
khxt* .niurrejreft, Kara rr. ApceHteB^, CnacoBHra, repapa%, ,H»aH- 
mieB-L, noRoflHNft YHKOBCirift, AjeBcaHApoBi» h MHornxt jpyriix*i», 
pyccBoe o6ui,ecTBo He o6p4jo san^HTHHBOBi cbohx-l Bucfflnxt HHTe- 
pecoBi» npH crojocHOBeHiH hxte, co cjtuofi OeMH^ofi? 

^aft Eon», hto6h MOJoaue a^BOKaTU pyKOBOjcreoBajracB vb CBoefi 
jkhbhh t*mh wy^puMH h bhcokhmh npaBHjaMH, Koropua npe^araerB 
r. BacBEOBCEifi. 

I?. Fpu6oecKiu. 

Nowe prawo o lichwie u nas obowiazujace. WyTdad dogmas 
ticzno-krytisczny i por&wnawczy przez Franciszka Nowodwors- 
kiego, Adwokata Przysieglego. Warszawa. 1895 r. 

KHHra r. HoBO^BopcBaro npeacraBjaeTi cotioro qpesBuraaiiHo jjkan- 
HLift oiruTL HcropaqecKofl h cpaBHHTejLHo-AorMaTHqecicofi o6pa6oncH 

BOHpOCa O pOCTOBmH^teCTBi Wb TQWb BH#&, KaKT> OWh CJOSHJCtf H j4ft- 

CTByerL wl coBpeMeHHOMx npaBi Poccin h Ba^Hbdnraxi rocy^apcTBaxx 
aanajHofi Ebpohh. Ilpn sHa^HTejBHOifB otiiuiH aiaTepi&ia, 6oraTCTBi 
buboaobt* h o6o6m;eHift ijeHTpajttHoft qacni Tpy^a no^TeHHaro aBTopa 
HBJTHDTCH HOCI^AHie HaiHH fiOBejJH (18 uohh 1892 r. h 24 Maji 
1893 r.), ycraHaBJTHBaDmiH OTBiTCTBeHHOCTb sa jraxBeHHuft npon,eHn> 
no oTHomeHiro kt> ceJLCKOMy h ropo^csoMy HacejreHiro. 

yRasaHHue saKOHu, Kara otb^tl Ha sanpocL hckohhoA noTpe6- 
hocth, aBTopi cHwraerB wl BHcmeft creneHH BaacHinra maroni> ra 
ofaacra yro-iOBHoft hojhthkh pa^ora c& ynopwieHieM'b npaBa chjl- 
Haro vb cfyepb BKOHOMerocKofi Coptfiu. T. HoBOABopcKifl — orapuriifi 
npoTHBHHiTB upHmmna rocyaapcTBeHHaro HeBMimaraiBCTBa wb HMyme- 
cTBeHHUH oTHoniema KJiaccora. Ha^iajco laissez faire laissez passer, no 
MHtHiio aBTopa, curpajro eMy HasHaieHHyx) pojl bt, Hcropur &roho- 
MH^ecRofi 2KH3HH h Tenept aojjkho ycTynHTb jopory tfojrte HOBHJfB, 
6ojrhe npaBHJLHUMi, h SHdHOHHUifL BsrjwflaM-L H a cymecrso npeAirera. 
3axana rocy^apcTBa Kpoercn He tojlko bt» oxpaHemn npaBOBHra 
HopMt, ho h bi ycTaHOBJCHiH hobuxi» bt> tomt. cjy wfc, Bor.ua Tpetiynra 

TOrO 06CT0HT6Jn»CTBa. 

Abtop?> bt> sarcasm onpe^kiH jt> cBofi Tpy^t Kasi» AorHaTH^ecsii 
ROimeHTapul, Ha caMOMi» se tfbxb ero cKopie moxho HasBaTL ^o6po- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 15 — 

COK&CTHHirb, COAepsaTeJBHUM'b H o6CTOHT&H»HOin» H3CJ^OBaHieMT> 

KpynHaro 9KOHOMHqecKaro oBjema vh cessh gl nopMaMH cootb4t- 
CTByion;efl ofoacTH npasa. Bt, khht4 r. HoBO^BopcKaro cpaay 6pocaeT- 
cfl vb iuasa innpoKaa nocraHOBKa Bonpoca yiewwh xeopeTHKOMt h 
p&jiflwh ct Tim nojpotfHaa pa3pa6oTKa nacTHOcrefl ropHCTOMt-npaK- 
thkom'b. npHBe^eHHaa jHTepaTypa, Me»Ay npo^HMt,rpriMaAHa, npHMTH 

BO BHHHaHie HCTOTOHKH Ha pyCCKOMT., HOJLCEOM'L, (j>paHUy3CKOMl>, 

Hine]^KOMT>, aHrjiflcKOMt aBHKaxt; nocjrfcflOBaTejrBHaa cirfeHa 3Koho- 
MH^ecKHxi, yqemft o npoijeffri npHBe^eHa bt> y^a^Hoe cooTBfercrBie 
cb hoao6hoA ze cmhHofi bsxmhaob'b aaKOHo^aTeia, tckctl pyccKHXT, 
hob&mi> pa3pa6oTaHT> bt> cooTHomeHra ct» rancoBaHuiifH ceHaTa h 
ysasaHifliiH cy^etiHoi npaKTHKH. 

YBaBaHHUfl EpynHUH flOCTOHHCTBa ehhth r. HoBOflBopcBaro no 
cnpaBe^^HBOCTH otbo^atl aBropy Micro b*l pa^y BUAaiom.Hxcji cneijia- 

JTHCTOBT* Z&JI2L H BaCTaBJODTL KajiTL, HTO TpyAt, HOCBHmeHHHft 

parafiCHemK) ojHoro h3t> HaHtfojrfce acryroxT, BonpocoBi, TeKymefi 
XH3HH, Binnejrb Ha cpaBHHTejLHo Maao h3b4cthom*l n.iUK-h r Tim* 
noTepiUt o6fflnpHufi Kpyn> ^HTaTejefl h cy^efl. 

5. r. 



1. B. JfymiqKii. Bonpoct o KpectmnucKou no3eMeAwou co6cm6en~ 
Hocmu eo &pawiu do peeoAioniu u npodaotcn, HOMWHaAhHuxb um%j- 
vtecmto. KieirL. 1894 r. 

ChtepKu no axonoMunecKoii ucmopiu 3anaduou Eepotm. Pa6onee 
naceAenie u SKOHOMunecKax noAumutca tepMancKuan, lopodotn &b XT u 
XYI etbmxb. KieBi>. 1894 r. 

Ha nepBtifi BarM^t o6i pa6oTH npo<{). Jlyqmpcaro npeacTaBJunoT- 
ch co6pameirL MejoiHuxi, a&hhux , b, bt. KOTopuxt sa Maccoft cj^aKTOBi 
TepaeTCfl pyKOBOflamaa hhtl o6ra;aro, h wraT&iK) BHyinaerca Heonpe- 
ffiueHHoe BneqaTjiHie o npe^Mert. 064 eraTBH HaneiaTaHH 6h.ih 
BnepBue bt> KieBCKuxt yHHBepcHTercKHXt H3Bicriax'L h noTOMy, o?e- 

BHAHO, HlfilH BT> BBAy HapOTOTO HO^TOTOBJieHHarO ^HTaTejra. ABTOpt 

lacro B03AepsHBaercji on bhbo^obx, ycTynaa hx-b TOMy, KOMy oht. 
noBipflerb pesyjbTara CBoero flofipocoBicrHaro Hsy^eHia sana^HO- 
eBponeficKHXx apxuBOBt. Ha cauoMx jiufe, bi toA cj^opMi, bt,koto- 
pofi npe^jaraeMLia 6pomK>pEH hoabhjhcl b% cBiTi, oh* ofija^aion, 



Digitized by 



Google 



. *1CF 



— 16 —■ 

6e8i comrfiHia cne^MUftHHifk HHTepecoMt, bo cymHocn> H»Bacaerc* 
ropas^o tfojuraro Kpyra oo6urid, rtatb to yKasaHo bt» sarojoBBazi 

BHHTB. 

Bx yTHxi> acwwaxt, noaroTOiffiTexbHHXfc Ha6pocKaxi> cBpi*Ba»Tca 
Xparoi^tHH^iinifl CBitf&Hia o xo%h Tizt axoHOMH^ecsHX'b npeo6paso- 
Bamfi, KoropuH no^roTOBHJra pa#B eBpooeficKHxi nepeaopoTOBi h 
coaaaJH coBpeMeHHoe sanyiaHHoe con,iajhHO-rocyAapcTBeHHoe ncaose- 
Hie xhjTh. y»e Bfc oahoS hsx npeAfflecTBOBaBmRX-b Hanraxt crarefi *) 
mu hmAjeh cjyiaft yKaaaTL Ha HefloctfawiHOCTfc 0TBje?6HHHx?> i>phah- 
tockhx^ nocTpoemft wh OHcreuft o6m l aro rocyAapcTBeHHaro upasa. 
PfeKoe pasrpa&H^eHio o6mecTaa & rocyjapcTBa (feaycjo&Bo weseT* 
sa co6oft HenpeofiopHMua Tpy^HocrH, BupaatajpiqiacA wb 6e8imBeH- 
hocti qHCThixi* TeopeTHqecKHxt oupex^ieHid rocyaapcrBa. Hsy^eme 
nocjr&AHaro aojjkho HaxoAHTtca bt> Ticfffcfinieft cbash cb H&yqemeirb 
o6m,ecTBa, KOTopoe wh gbod otopqab SHasAeTca rjraBHHir& o6pa30Mt 
Ha oTHonieHitfxt BsoHojtHiecrax'L. Ilowoiiy bcob&s pa6oxa, Haupaiaes- 
Haa ki» BtiacHeaiio Hacroamaro h npome^inaro yxasaHHWB othoito- 
Hi8, coAMcTByen ycTaHoaaeHiK) 6yAymaro. 

Tjraay noBepxHocraaro Ha6jro^aTexa DOKasyTca, 6htb Moaten>, hs- 
jhiuhhmb no,apo6HOCTH o tomt>, xaKTb oOt^ajt BT> XVI H XV CTO- 
xt'riflX'L ffhMeipuft pa6o*rift. noqeifb obtl ii jamah sa muco, <rfcin> 
HanojHHJfB nycrofi cyirt, saRHMi> xj46obti> iraT&ica, noBHAHMOMy, BOMy 
KaKOe aiuro. Ho ^rejioBiKt BAyimHBHfi paac^a^aenb He Tan., llorpetf- 
jeme ecr& noKasaTeat HapoaHaro 6jarococToaHia, otb Koroparo b^ 
cboh) o^epe^B 3aBHCHr& yarofiTHBOCTB rocy,a;apcTBeHHaro crpoa. He- 
coMHtHHo, tto xapaKiepi Bctxi, peBOJK>iyfl ct aKTHBHUMx yqacrieMi* 
pa6oqnxi> KJaccoBt o6ja^aen» Bcer^a 6oxfce coitfa*M>HHM , &, Heatain 
nojiHTHHecKHMx xapaKTepoMt. H, 6ht& wo»erb, b* toitb spoercH 
omn6sa MHornxx BHAaromnxca rocyaapcTBeHHHX'L Jiroaeft, ^to ohh, 
arfcaaa 4>opMU rocyaapcTBa, He CTpeauuHCB yjy^unaTL <j>opin, o6me- 
cTBeHHiixix, BexfeACTBie qero hx-b pa$opMH OBaswBajfflCB Oojrtenpoi- 
hhmb Ha 6yjiari, ue&MH bt» ^4ficTBHTan>HOCTH. 

Hey^awoe pacnpe^UeHie seiiejuod co6cTBeiHocTH nocji^pam- 
n,y3CKo4 peBOJiroi^H cnoco6cTBOBajo MHoroTOCjeHHuw^ pecraBpaquranb 
HMeHHO Bi. Bwy Toro, qxo o6e8AOJieHHoe KpecTMHCTBO ycrpaHfljioct 
otb yqacrift b*b rocyAapcrBeHHuxi a^^x^ sa OTcyTCTBieir& AOCTaTOH- 



>) aHreiici. npoicxosxiBHie co^citeraocM h roeyxi^WTBa (3CypH. Dpsx* 
06n. 1895 r., s». VI). 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 17 — 

Baro neHBa, a pawRHBiiaacfl (Jypayaaia sanyaa eropoHy Bcasaro y*yp- 
naTopa hoa* ycioBiem. corpaaenia ef ea aimaetKaro foaroAeHCTBia. . 
B* BK^y 9T0r0 Bonpoci o seiiejiBHHX'B nepeAiuax , b nocji peBOJDitfH 
A** HcropiH coiqaAHUX'E OTHOHieHifi npeAcraRwen* rpommHoe BHa- 
*eme. Paspa6aTUBaa ero, r. Jlymipuft, Measly npoiHM'L, CTpemnrCa 

AORa8aTfc, HTO H KpOCTMHe HBUHCb HOKynaT&IAlIH HaRiOHaJLHUXX 

HMymecTBt. 9to BecBMa BipoaTHO. Ho Tasofi nopajoKi* Benjefi hh- 
csoako He Hapymaers, Ha Hann> Bsraaxfe, npamuLHOCTH MHiusifi 
r&xi, HSCtfkflOBaTejiefi, BOTopiie yTBepaAarorR, too on. pobojdiuh 
nojyrajH BtiroftH toiuso npejeraBHTejui fiypayasra. Orporifi (JHMoaonb, 
npo<f>. £y*niprifi, pas^iiaerrb 6yp»ya, Kara ropoataHi, on. apecTb&H- 
cicaro Hacejiema. Ho fliao bt> tout,, hto bt> odHflOHHoft TepMHHOJoriH 
hoa*i» HMeneMT> 6ypmya jo jacHO pasyniTL ho ropoataHHHa bt» rfccHOir& 
CMHCxb cjoBa, ho Bcaaaro saasHToroaro rpaatxairaHa, BHjaDmaroca 
naTepiaaunnra cpe^CTBaMH Ha^t epexaxarb ypoBHOMx HMymeeTBeHHoft 
o6e8oewHHOGTH. Ob otoA toirh sptaia CMOTpira, noBHflHMOMy, h 
npo$. EoBajeBCKift, AoaasiiBaa, hto HnymHMT> 6imo aaHO, a y He- 
HMymHxi, otbhtti hocjAahUI mjOLBTh. CGopmnra noaaTefi bo <J>pamjy3- 
ckhxx npoBHHnjax'L bo MHornxT, oiynaaxi* 6um KpecrtaHaMH, no 
cocjobud, hoaoGho TOMy, js&jsrb npejaru npHHaAiesajn kt> AyxoBeH- 
CTBy. Ho saxoBO 6uio pa&ra^ie MeaAy imyroaoAHiurB jatfypepoirL 
h noAaTHUM'b cfopnpBtoirB, a66aT0in> h eeJBCKo-npHXO^CKHM'b mops, 

ofo OTOITB CBH^iTejfcCTByeTL HCTOpia. 

Bo bc*komt> cjyqai, Aaaee npn Hecorjacin bt> bubojubltl r. JEyroij- 
saro c& npo^HMH airropHTeTaMH, ero yxasaHHiia rb& He6ojo»mia 6po- 
HK>pKH npexcraBjaDTB co6o» itftaHoe npH6aBjeHie kt> nporairt 
ny6jHipiCTHHecKHMT> h HayqHHMi> Tpy^aMB aBTopa, sHasoMaro Bcasosiy 
o6paao«u»Hoiiy iHTareii). 

B. rpu6oecK%&. 



Wilmans. Wahrung, Industrie, Mmenbeh-ieb. 1894. 

ABTopx crapaerca Aoaasara Ha ocHOBania cTaTHCTH^ecsHX'b xaH* 
hhxt», too jo rfexx nopt noaa 06a (taaropoAHue MOTaua cocraBaajiH 
oeHOBame Rb&mwpomfi& wl 6aibinHHCTBi eBponeficKHxt rocyAapcTBt 

M0H6TH0fi CHCTeMhl, HXt B8aOMH06 OTHOfflOHie 6UJ0 Dpi6jIH3HTeJILHO 

oaho h Tose. Hh OTapirrie 6oraTHXB aonefi aojoTa b% Kajra^opHia 

bi> KOHi^i copoaoBuxx roAOB^. hh hoctohhho Bo.spacTaiOHi;ee npoH3- 

z. DpHA. 06m. sh. m 1895 r. 2 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 18 — 

boactbo cepetipa He 6uxn fl coctoahIh oBasaTb qyBCTBHTeiBHoe bbh- 
Hie Ha pHHo^Hyi) jsjhaj othxx MeTaxiOBt. Bt nepio;cB sa 1801— 
1810 ro^ OTHomeHie sojOTa kt> cepe6py paBBuuocB V«>ei> bt> ne- 
pioxb sa 1866 — 1870 oho eocTaMJMO Vis,**. Ho yace noart BBeje- 
Hix 30JioTofl BajroTH fb repsiaHiH h conpaaeHHofl ex dTOD pe<fK>p- 
moid npoAasn 6ojBmaro Kojraraecrsa cepetfpa 9to OTHomeme yMeHb- 
ihfuocb jo 1 /n,8i (bt> 1877 r.), a b-b cj4^y»in;eirL ro^y, KOi\a;a ^ 

CB060^H0fi HBBaHKH Cepe6p«H0i M0H6TU 6LUH SaspUTH MOHOTHUe 

ABopu bo ^paHipn, oho ynajo jo Vi8,«; bi> HacTOtfm.ee Bpeua ivtaa 
cepedpa othochtch Kara 31,55: 1, npHieiri> bi> HenpoAOiSHTejLHOira 
6yAymeM r E> cjrfj,nyera oauwaTB ein,e fojbmaro na^eem u^hm MeTaua, 
Tain> KaKi> ABcrpia bt> 1893 r. nocraHOBHja bt> nflTHjrfvrHiftcpoKT>BBecTH 
y ce6a Toae soaoryiD BajroTy. Ho too se 6y,a;eTx, cnpanraBaert aBropt, 
ecJHBcirocy^apcTBa nepeftjyT'BK'LBBefleHii) soaoToft Bajrora? Kohottch 

ThWb, TOO BO BCeMt Mipi H6 XBaTHTL 30JIOTa n&x y^OBieTBOpeHLff 

noTpetfHocr^M'b oahhx'b tojbko euponeficKHX'L MOHermrab xBoposi*. 
Bt 1 893 roay ao6hto 30JiOTa Ha cyMMy 26 mhjjt. ^yHTOBX crepjniH- 
roBx, t. e. 524 mhjj. MapoKt: OTdoja cjrh^yerL ottocihtb a /s Ha 
npHroTOBaeme npe^eTOB'B pocsonm, Tara, too jjm ^exaHKH so jorofi 
MOHera ocraerca Bcero 30*OTa Ha cyMMy 174 mhjw. napoKT>. Mesxy 
rfeMi> bo Bc&wb Mipi Haxo^RTCH bi otipantemn cepe6p«Hoft MOHera 
h 6iuoHa Ha o6my» cymiy 137a MMjriapflOBt MapoKt, He craTa* He- 
noBpuTUX'B 6yMaaHHXi» aeHerB. GrtAOBaTejBHo, noTpefiyeTca He Me- 
wbe 30 jrfrr&, j[ia Toro, too6h BirayTL h3t> ofipamema cepe6psHHH 
Aem»rn: o^a <I>pamjifl h CiBepraie IIlTaTH noTpe6y»n> bc© aeBOTH- 
jt6thk)K) npo^ysniD 30JOTa ^ra no-raaro npoBe^eHia sa^yHaHHOfi huh 

MOHeTHOfi pe<JK)pMH. 

3ariMT> aBTopx yKa.3MBaeTT» Ha cbjtsb o6e3i$HeHia cepe6pa ct> 
o6m,HM'L na^eHieMt ivfeHt Ha bc4 upe^iieTu Boo6me h Ha ceiLCKO- 
X03aflcTBeHHue npoayKTH bt> ^acTHOCTH. H TaKT> npH njhwk 60% neHca 
aa ynuiio cepetipa 1000 Kiuorpaaf. pan ctohjio okojo 198 aiapoirL, 
TaKoe ate KOJHiecTBO mneHHi;u on, 203 — 258 MapoirL, OBca— onb 
154 — 158 MapoiCB, a^MeH« otl 142 — 169 MapoKt. Bi> HacTOfliu.ee 
BpeMH i^iHa yH^iH cepe6pa ctohti okojto 27 ueHCOBB, poKB — 108 — 
114 MapoKx, mnemma 127 — 135 MapoKE, oBeet 125 — 130 MapoKi>, 
flqMCHb 127 — 132 wapoKx. Bt oco66hhocth neBuroAHO o6esi^HeHie 
cepe6pa RJin repnamH, Tain. TaK«L ORasuBaercA, too o^Ha Tpers Ha- 
xoAflmnxca bi> o6pam;eHiH ^eHert coctohtb hst. cepefipaHot mohcth 
h 6HJ0Ha. Oahht> Tajept HMten> HOMeHaaBHyio ctohmoctl Tpexx 



Digitized by 



Google 



iiriri r 



— 19 — 

EapoKx, ho fb Hacroamee Bpeiia owe ctohtb Bcero tojlko IV2 Mapra, 
a cepe6paHHXi> TaiepoBt HaxoxHTca bt> o6pam,eHM Ha cyrniy 235.586 
THCOTh napoffB. rpoiiaAHHfl HorepH otl najema u$wb cepe6pa He- 
cert Hineiutaa ropHaa npoMumjieHHOCTL. Bt> xeBHrajfrniifi nepioxi* 
on> 1885 ho 1893 rox*> bx repMama xoChto 1383547 raaorp. ce- 
pe6pa> hto npH npesHeit ujbwh 180 MapoK* sa KHiorpamrB cocTaB- 
MMffTh noqTH 250 mhjjuohobt, MapoKx. Rb Hacrojnn;ee Bpemi npn 
i^ini 80 MapoBi> sa KHJorpaMMt ctohmoctb xofarraro MeT&ua yiieHb- 
nraiacL 6oxfee iiuti> Ha noiOBHHy. BpejT> x*a MaHy<J>aKTypHofl npo- 
HUHueHHocTH AosasuBaeTi aBTopL Ha crk^jnmfiwh nprnApi. Bt 
1870 roxy to MeKcmti cymecTBOBajo Bcero 88 xjioireaTo6yMa»HHX'B 
$a6pHKB, saHHnaH)iUHxcfl hckj»tot6jilho upHroTOBjemeMt ntaHe&x-iA 
HeBsucKaTaiLHaro npocraro napoxa, bt» to Bpeiw, Kaira> Bucmie copTa 
upHBOSHJHCL rxaBHUirB otipaaom* H8T. repMamH. Bi Haeroamee BpeMa 
bhbo9l xjon^aTo6yiiasHux'B H8x%jrift H81 repMamn bt> MeECHBy co- 

ipaTHJICH HOTTH X<> minimum, 3a TO Bl OKpeCTHOCTHX'B CTOJ!HIJ,U Ha- 

xoxnTca 160 xopomo ycrpoeHHUXx (ffttipHRL, yxoBjeTBoparoni,HXT> 

BCftlTB, Xase HaH60J*e H8HCKaHHHlT& n0Tpe6H0CTHMl>. 

Von Schraut. Die W&hrungsfrage. 1895. 

CHcreiia coBpmeHHaro 6HMeT&iH3na hcxoxhtt» hs-b crbxjv>mjsxT> 
nojosemfl: oxhhb (iiaropoxHHfi HeraufB, sojoto hjh cepe6po, He 
moxotb cocraBJATB ocHOBama jxa pasyMHofl <J>HHaHCOBofi dojhthkh 
rocyxapcTBa h pa yxoBjerBopeHia bc^itb noTpetiHOCTaMt coBpeMOH- 
Haro aKOHOMH^ecKaro otfopoTa. Ho onpex&raTB OTHomeme Meatxy 3 °- 
jiOToarb h cepe6poMi> moxho tojbko nyTeMt MesxynapoAHaro cowra- 
meHia, npiraewb AoroBapHBaromiaca cropoHH o6a8y»Tca nosynaTL 
bo scoKoe BpeMa no ycraHOMeHHofi n,iHi 6jaropoxHiie Meraxiu h 
otkphtb MOHeTHue xsopH jm ^eicaHEH Kara sojoTa TaKT> h cepetipa. 
A TaKB Kara MeaxynapoxHoe corjameHie bc4xt> rocyxapcrra bt> Ha- 
CToam.ee Bpena He mhcjhmo (Ahtjui, Hanp., HHicorxa He corjacnTca 
npHcoexHHHTbCH kt» tiHMerajroecKOMy consy), to cxhxyen. C03xaTB 
TaKofi ne2BxyHapoxHufi MOHeTHiifi co»3x, qTo6u yeaiia ocTajtHuxt 
rocyxapcTBi He moimh noKOiefiaTB CMimaHHofl BajDra, BBexeHHofi 

BT> CTpaHaXT>, npHCOeXHHHBHIHXCH KT, »TOMy COKKSy. 

Ocyni.ecTBjreHie 9roft Heqru 6mfeTajracTOB r b aBTopi ciHraert He- 
B03MoaHHMi>. Bt> cjyqat boShu Meaxy rocyxapcrBaMa, npnHaxJesa- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 80 — 

ntHMH KT» MOHCTHOMy COKtty, TO H8* HHXt, KOTOpoe (JyflCTB BT> CO* 

croHHin 6pocHTL Ha ne»AyHapoAHHft puHOKt 6ojBmee kojhtoctbo 
cepe6pa, mosotb o6esitfiHHTB Bajiory CBoero npoTHBHHRa h pasopim* 
ero fb Te^eme BecBMa HenpojojttHTOiBHaro BpeMeM. EQpayrB bh- 
Xi&Tb cnacekie He bt> <bo6oaho& ^eKaHEi cepe6p«HuxT> MOHera, ho 
bx coajaniH TaKoro 6aHKonaro h KpeAHTHaro xoeaftCTsa, m> KOTopoir& 
ofieOTenemeMt Bunycna 6yftta&HHX? AeHera cjyacoio 6m He tojbko 
30JOTO, ho h cepe6po. AocTaTouo, ecjra rocyjapcTBa corjacarca steamy 
coGobo OTHOCHTejiBHo OTHomeHiH bx u$wh «oj[OTa h cepe6pa h, Henps- 
AaBan dTOny oTHomemx) otiasarejiBHaro Bnaqe&iji a*h HacroHxt 031, 
6y f a,yri> npHHHMatB bx cboh 6aHKH cepe6paHue cjhtkh, Buxa&a* 

B3aM*feHT, HXt H6 J&HhTB, HO CBHfffcTejBCTBa, KOTOpUMt CjAj^&Th HpH- 

jaTB ofiHsaTejiBHHfl MeaAyHapo^HHfl Rypcb, npn ROTopon cbh#6- 
TejibCTBO, BtijaHHoe vh HL»-IopKi, homo 611 6htb npHHHTo vb Bep- 
jtHHi Bt Ka^ecTBi sajiora. 

5. 



Ackermann-Sallseb. Zw Antrag Graf Kmttz. 1895. 

Abtop'b 9toA 6pK)mK)pu npHHaAiesHTB ish npyccRofi naprin arpa- 
pieBi,, Tpe6y»mHX , bnpaBHTeiBCTBeHHofi mohohojuhb'b xjrftfHofiToproBjfe 
h onpeaiuema itfjHt xjfc6a Ha ocHOBama cpejHe* n,*HM xjrirfa Ha 
6epjmHCKOM'B phhk* 8a nepio^B 1850 — 1890 ro.ua. Abtop* conocraB- 

jaen> OTOHB HHTepeCHHA CTaTHCTH*ieCKUI flaHHHH OTHOeHTOlBHO ctoh- 

mocth npoH8Bo;rcFBa xiifia B7>CHJie8m. Obfb 6epen yrocroKB epe*- 
Heft BeraraHHH (5 reKT.=20 (Jpana. Mopraaii), wb o6ffKHOBeffHofi KyjB- 

Typt, KB paBCTOHHiH 0K0J0 12 KHJOMOTpOHb OTB pHHBa c6UTa HJffi 

CTamtfH aejrteHot aopora, npn MTHnojMoft CHCTeirh xosaftcrBa 
(Eapro^JB, cepa^eua, poaB Ha HGByccTBeHHOM'B HaBosi, crpyncoBa- 
thh pacTeHin h poaa) h onpej&raerB ofimyro cyimy HSjepaceB-B Ha 
3663.36 MapoKB, t. e. 36. 63 MapoK* Ha ojfjswh 6paHaeH6yprarifi sopr* 
(npn6jrasHTeiBHO */» ^aci* aecHTHHH) h Ha oahh*b ro^B. Upn groin* 

OHT> npHHHMaeTL BO BHHMaHie He T02BK0 qHGT0-X03HfiCTB6HHiia H8- 

^epsKH, ho h no86MejBHBie Hajora, crpaxoBame on> orna h rpjM^t, 
aeMCKie c6opu Ha ijepROBB, o6npHy, mKOjy h t. n. ^oxo^b trr* npo- 
jaatn nojyneHHux'L cejLCRo-xoaaficTBeHHUx'b Hpo^yBrroBi AxepiiaHHi 
oupeA*JwerL npH TeuepemHHXT» qtnax'B Bcero Ha 3520 Map.; Tarara 
o6pa30Mt 3eM^eAtjeui> Tep^err, bx Te^eme hath j^tt* 143,« m., 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 21 — 

i.e. wb oahfl ro£i> h c% oftgoro Mopra 1. 4 > m. PyKOBOACTByacb 3thmh 
AaHHUMH, <m> AOKasuBaert, to) bt> oahom'b toibko rjoroBCKOMt yi^i 
aeJuej'kibUH xonja^HBaDTB hsi co6cTB6HHaro KapMaHa esero^HO 
oeojio era noTHAec&TH thcjwb Mapost, npa^em (yrtAyenbaaMiTHTB, 
tto 6ojtbinia HMima, co6ctb6hhhbh kotophxt> hm^idtb b* CBoearB pa- 
coopaseHiH KanHrajp, Moryra aep»aTbca eme B*KOTopoe apex*, ho 
KpecTBaHCKia xoaafiCTBa o6pe?eHi* bt> CBopom> speMeHH Ha nojHoe 
pasopeme. 

3aTiwB aBTopx BORCTaerb npoTHBi BospaaaeHifl, soropoe o6ukho- 
b6hho x&jraiDrb npoeicry rpac{)a KaHHija, too BBjopoaame i$ht> caib- 
CKO-xosaflcTBeHHHxi npoxyBTQBi» noBjreHOTB sa co6oh) BBAoposame 
xjii6a. Bx 1891 r., t. e. bo Bpeiw rojro.ua vb Poccin TOHHa pan 
(1000 bhj.) CTOHja 216 MapoKi>, bx HacTaaiu.ee Bpeam oHa ctohtt> 
Bcero 108-112 napoBt; ho cuoTpa Ha aro, fyjwrb x ji6a ctohtt> Te- 
nepi> CTOjbEO se, cKOJibKo qerupe roja TOMy Hasa^i. Be© iipn6ujif> 
on> najemja i$m u46a nojyqaiOT'B ho HOTpefinTejiH, a nocpe^aHKH 
nesxy npoHSBOAHTejuuiH h noTpefiHTejiaMH (MejbHHEH, 6yjioHHBBH, 
co6cTBeHHHBH nHBOBapeHHWb 3aB0A0Bi> h t. u.). QoBTOny aBTopx ro- 
p&mo BiicxaBUBaeTca bi nojrajy npoeicra rpa^a KaffHua h npeAja- 
raen> kt> Heiiy rtKOTopuu, Bnpoieirb, HecymecTBOHHHa. aono«eHia 

H H3MiHeHL«. 



H. D. ApyxiMH'b. HeofaoduMua 6am ect*n> cetbdnuix noda- 
mxxhi nouMttuax*, c6opaxh u bouhckou notuHnocmu. OfimeaocTyn- 
Hut o*epff* 4>HHaHcoBaro npasa. Cn6. 1894 r. 

3HaBOMCTBo Hainefl nyfijrara c% BonpocaMH ^HHaHcoBaro npaBa 
M,o chx'b nop* eme apafiHe caa6o. $HHaHCOBHa Mipw, npewpHHH- 
naevuH upaBHT^iBCTBOMt, Bcri^cTBie oco6eHHOCTeg cwa^a H$mefi 
o6m,ecTBeHHofi kh3hh, o6ukhob6hho rjryxo npoxoflan, wl neraTH h 

TOXLKO HO HC&flDieHiK) BUSHBaKWTB CyjfrHeHUI H TOJTKH Cp6£H rpaqc- 

jaffB, Me$Ay i*m> whvb ofaftcrg, r^fe <5h Kaac^Hfl o6biBaT6Jib, 0e3i» 
pa%nreis itiacca h cocToamn, 6h» 6oaie HenocpeACTBeHHO saHHTe- 
pecoBaHi,, BOseJiH bi> ^jwb no^aTQaro oQjo$eHia, AeHeffiHaro o6pa- 
meHiii, BrtmsJiro p BHyrpeHaaro Bpe^HTa. KaKi> apHnipi., mosho 

BCHOHHHTb C6H3WPIW H pa3P0ptHHBHfl If (ICJH, BUC|»8HBa^HH HUHHe 

ao noBOAy AeBaJbBan,iH na crpaHwaxx e^e^HeBHux'B raserrt h e»e* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 22 — 

ir6caiHiixi> sypHajoro. rpasAaHHHT> npH ^hckiuu>homi> xapasrepft 
Hamero BHyTpeHHaro ynpaBjema njaTeabm,HKT> npes^e Bcero. Him 
coMHiHm, *to co3HaTejbHoe oTHomeme kt> cbohmt> otiaaaHHOCTain* vb 
yicasaHHOirb oTHomemH npexcraaiaerb co6od saBi qacTHy», TaBi h 
oCmerocy^apcTBeHHyi) uoTpetiHOCTB. 

Kx yacHemio npaBi> h ottasaHHOcreft rpas^aHHHa, sain» naaTejn>- 
mmca HajoroB'L h nomjWHi., HanpaaieHa BHnauca r. ^pyatHHKHa. 
Harfea bt> BH^y HHTaTejM, He npoxoAHBmaro cneipajLHur* RypcoBi 
yHHBepcHTercicoft Hayss, aBTopi> crapaerca o6meAOcrynHHin> HSJiose- 
flieMi> HaMtTHTL h pa3o6pari> ochobu rocyAapcTBeHHaro xosaftcrBa. 
,11, xa OTofl 11,4 jh r. r II,pysHHHHi> BHaqaxfe Aaerb cboa* ochobhhxx no- 
Harifi o Hajoraxx npaMuxt h KOCBenHuxx, o nonuHHaxx, hobhhho- 
CTaxt, rocyAapcTBeflHuxt 3a&Maxi>, pociracH 6yMasHHX% h MeTaj.ni- 
qecKHxt x6Hen>, <J)HHaHcoBoin> ynpaaiemH h BOHTpojrb; aarhM'L 
HAen> cneuiajbHoe nepeqncjeHie BaxH-bflnraxt HajoroBi>: o6po?Hoft 
noAaTn, BiiKynHuxx maTemefl, Hajiora noseMexbHaro, npou,eHTHaro ct» 
KanHTajioBt, pacBxaAOiHaro h jp.; rxaea in nocBan^eHa nepeiHCJe- 
Hin uomjLViWh; rxaBa IV bohhckoA hobhhhocth h, HaKOHen^ bt> sa- 
Bxioieme npHBe^eHU c6opu MtcTHue: seMcsifi, ropoxcBoft, Mipcirie h 
qacTHue c6opu specrLaHCBie. B?> bhhxb£ Taote ysasaHU BaacHiftmia 
nocotiia h MOHorpa4>iH no <J)HHaHCOBOMy npaBy h neperocieHu otx&jh 
saKOHOAaTeabCTBTb, Baca»mieca npieMOBt Be^ema rocyjapcTBeHHaro 

X03flfiCTBa. 

Bee 9to, bm4ct4 BaaToe, sacraBjaera orHecrn Brassy r. ApyatH- 
HHHa Kb mMmmby pacnpocrpaHeme botophx* xexaTexbHo m> ca- 
mhxt> nrapoBHxi pasirhpaxt. Bonpocii npHxoja h pacxo*a bt> cm4t- 
hhxt» Ta6jHn l axi» cjhuikom'b cyn^ecrBeHHU jxa Toro, *to6h kt> hhmt> 
mosho 6hjo 6h oTHOCHTBca cb rim* nopa3HT6Ji>HUMi> paBHojyinieMT>, 
BOTopoe 0TJH^aen> pyccicifl Hapo#b botch bo bc*xt> AJuaxi rocy- 
AapcTBeHHoft XH3HH. OftHaBO, npH BceMi> coiyBCTBiH aBTopy wb 3ajy- 
MaHHOin» nan, npeAnpiariH, Bt Tose Bpeua Tpyjy ero HexB8aHe6po- 
cHTb Asyxt ynpeKOB-L. IlepBHfi sausoqaercfl b% tomt>, tto hst> t6bc- 
Ta, pas^Hpaeuofi 6ponnopH BHirymeffL BasHufi ota^jb BBapTHpHaro 
Hajora. HojoacHMt, Bonpoci o BBapTHpHOMx Hajorb paso6paH% r^py- 

SHHHHUM'L Vb OC06ofl BHHSK%, HO TaBOe BUA*JeHJe CTpaHHO, OHO 

sacraBjaerL ^HTaTeja npHnjaiHBaTL em,e 30 son. kb t&mx coposa, boto- 
puq oht> njaTHTL sa ofin^ft o^epKi,. Bo-BTopuxi, crpaHHO BHeceme 

Bl» BypCL (|)HHaHCOBl> BOHHCBOfi HOBHHHOCTH, JHffleHHOft BCaSaTO $H- 

HaHcoBaro xapasrepa. Ecu fl aahhoitb cjy^ai aBTopi, npec,i*AO- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 23 — 

Bajra Kaititf jh6o nocropoHHia coo6paseHi& ijlurecootfpasHOCTH, to 
hmh d&TeuuaeiTca hchoctb chcigmu. 

b. r. 

#OlTb-KayMairfc. Focydapcmeenubie u Mtbcmnbte pacxodu xmqwwH- 
tuuxb eepone&CKuxb cmpam no ux% Ha3Ha%en%HMb. Qep. ci> HiMen,- 
Karo A. H. TypteBa. Cn6. 1895 r. 

BucTpufi pocn> rocyAapcTBeHHUxt pacxoAOBi> HS^aBHa ct&j-l npn- 
BJteKaTB kt> ee($4 BHHMame rocyAapcTBeHHHXt AttfTeaefi h otfmecraa, 
ho tojlko wh onenb HeAaBHee BpeMA aBHJHCL hohhtkh npoBecra na- 
pauej* pacnpeA'kieHui pacxo^OBt no ex f> HasRaqemaMx bx i\iaBHM- 
raHxt eBponeficKHxt rocyAapcTBaxx. BTa pafioTa 6uasl CAi-iaHa HasaAT* 
Tony HtcKOJLKO jrtrt npocj); 6epjHHCBaro yraBepcHTera Kay^MaHOMt 
h 3a npomexinifi nepioAt BpeiieHH BHAepawua h^cbojilko H3Aairiii. 
Bt» TeKymeMt roAy coiHHenie r. Kay<(>MaHa 6hjo nepeBe^eHO Ha pyc- 
CKifl smtKb A. H. rypteBUMt. ABTopi He CKpHBaer* Bcixt TpyAHo- 
crefi paffcmi BcrfiACTBie HeoAHopoAHOCTH noaoaeHHaro bt> ocHOBaHie 
co^HHeHk MaTepiaja h, KpoMi Toro, oht> nojBSOBaaca carfrraMH pacxo- 

AOBl, a He ^iflCTBHTeJLHO H3paCXOAOBaHHHMH cyMMaio, WO OCTaeTCA He 

6e3i, BjiaHin Ha bhboah. Bt> 6n6jiiorpa<f)HqecKoft saiiiTKt TpyAHO 
AaTB CKOJibEO HH6y^H hoapo6hhui yKa3auia Ha 6oraToe coAepaame 
coHHHeHin. Abtopb pa3CMaTpHBaen> pacxoAH saatAaro hsx niecTH 
KpynHuxx rocyAapcTBi> bt> ota*6jibhocth h saTiMt A r kiaen> cBOAKy, 
H3i> soTopoft mosho bha^tb KaKaa ^acTL aoxoaob^ pacxoAyeTca h Ha 
KaEJH HOTpefiHocTH. fan npHir&pa yKaaeMt cjrfcAyromyro Tafiaimy. 
H31 HTora rocyAapcTBeHHHx r B pacxoAOBi* netto pacxoAyeTca: 

Ha rocyA. AO-irt h 060- ocTaeTCH Ha bc$ npo- 
pony CTpaHH BirfecTi %> ria roc. noTpefiHocrn 

bt> IIpycciH 55,01 — 44,99 

ABcrpiH 62,18 — 37,82 

BfauiH 73,37 — 26,63 

^pamjiH 67,73 — 32,27 

BejHKotipftraHiH 74,64 — 25,36 

PocciH 64,33 — 35,67 

A&HHHH AOCTaTO^HO KpaCHOpi^HBO yKaSHBaiDTb, CKOJBKO KaXAHM'B 

rocyAapcTBOMi saTpaHHBaerca Ha rocyAap. aojtbh o6opoHy hckojlko 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 24 — 

ocTaerca Ha npoqia noTpetaocTH, bt» pa,ny kotophxx jKjMbTfpaua 
(o6pa30Bame) bt> Poccin Hrpaiort caiioe HHHTO*Hoe sHaieme. Hojod- 
Hofi rajirfc na.no atejaTB caiiaro mnpoKaro pacnpocTpaHema. 

B. 0. 



3anuctta MonemnoMi o6pau^eHiu %p. CnepancKaxo Cb 3aMn>w- 
hihmu tp. SauKpuna. Cn6. 1895 r. 

Bonpoci, BOscTaHORieHin bt> Poccin MeTajiiraraecKaro o6pam;eHia 
oco($eHHO HHTepecoBajTL npaBHTan>cTBO bt> TpHOTaraxx ro^axt Teicy- 
maro CToxfcria, bi nepioffB BoaraKHOBeBria t. h. npocroHapoflHHXi 
jraaceft, sor^a HapoAOHacejreme necjo Kpynma noTepn, 6jaro,napa ne- 
qa^LHOMy nojroaemro namero aeHe»Haro o6pamema. Ilpn TaKHXi 
ycaoBiaxx Heo6xo£HMo 6ujlo Haftra bhxoai, h cb btok) itfuiBX) hsbIjct- 
hhS rocy^apcTBeHHHft aiaTejB M. M. CnepaHCKifi cocTaBon, sa- 
nncBy moh6thomt» otfpamemn, BtKOTopoft, ^kiaa o6myx> xapaKre- 
pncTHKy cjoaHBmeflca bt> Poccin CHCTearu aeHeatHarooCpameiria, coBpe- 
MeHHaro eMy noaoaema Bonpoca, yKasajrt Mipu BHXoaa* Hanjy^- 
fflHMt cnoco(k)MT> BOSCTaHOBjeHia MeTajjraiecKaro ofipamema, no ero 
MHtHii), 6uja fleBajBBaitfa. Ecjh onpaB^usaTB npnHaraa iribpu no 
BoscTaHOBJemro MeTajJH^ecKaro o6pam,ema nyreMt AeBajBBai^H, to 
HecoMH^HHo co^HHeme CnepaHCKaro, He npeacTaBjaromee HHBasoro 
HHTepeca cn> totoh spteia Teopin, Moaton* hm4tb coBpeiieHHHfi HHre- 
pecs. 

b. a 



Digitized by 



Google 



3AM4TKH Z Z3B4CTW. 

Rqe HicKOJbKO cjiobi no ooBOjy tonpoca HonpiajBHofi 

npaKTHKH ')• 

„XjrBfo npHTOTOEuercji xjm Toro, ito6h ero&cn» 

faiTH npHBOWTCJI Vb B3BiCTHOCTb XM TOrO, TO>fa 

xasaTB mmy padcysxeHunrt, otiotinteHixirb h Afciaiiii) 

H8X HBXl BHBOXOBl— -ClOBOKb, OHH XOJXHH CJLJMMTb 
CpeXCTBOMl X** H3B'6CTHHX1» xiftCTBiBI, a H6 Cjy»HTI> 

KOHe^HOD n&tti)". A. B. HmurreHKo; cm. ero ^HeB- 
BKSb. Pyc. OrapHHa 3a Mapro 1892 r. 

Bt> 44 HOMepfc „K)pH r ninecKOfl raseru a 1894 r. peflaKijui noctf&jHefi 
noMtcTHja BexfeA'B 8a Hamefi aasrfeTKoft, — osarja&ieHHoS: „Eme Ab& 
ejOBa bo noBO^y Bonpoca HOTapiajLHOft npaKTHKH", Ha aron. para 
cpaBHHTejtbHo otfnmpHoe Bospaaeme, bt> otb*tt> Ha KOTopoe, bt> 
HHTepecars &:kia, mi cHHTaeirb cetfa ofasaHHtiiiH cnasaTB eme h4- 



*) Bonpoci saui>qaeTca bi crlixy»meirb: mosotb xh 6htb freepsxeHi paajijb- 
hhA axTb Meacxy coHacxixHBKaMH bi otinteMi HaciixcneHHOMi HnymecTB*, ecra, 
nocri ooBepmeHui pasxBAHaro an* Horapiycoin>, *acn> coHacxixHHKOBi ntpeycTy- 
nHia cbod HaciixcTBeHHyo xoxd nocTopoHHeiiy i*ny? Bonpoct stotb 6hxt> npex*o- 

XJ&Wb OXBHXl H81 nOXnHCIHKOBl „£>pBXHHeCKOi Fa36TH tf (1894 r., Ji 15) H BHSBaJTb XBy- 

spaTHHft o6niHi» Mfffemft — vb noiosHTeiBHOMi cmhcjtb— co cropoHH pexaanJH H— 
wb orpHi^aTerBHOM'L cmhcjb — co ctopohh crapmaro HOTapiyca ocrporoacicaro oupyx- 
Haro cyxa r. KpuBotaro (Jlte 32 r 44). HoirBmaeMT, BOBoe B03paseme r. Kpro- 
csaro bi BHxy HHTepeca aaTpoHyTaro Bonpoca. Bootime, BcecropoHB** oifBHsa ho- 
TapiajMaro noioatema bi sacroamee Bpena 6iua 6u oco6eaHO xeiaTeiBHa H,npB> 
tOBn», HveiBO npa xhbok* y?aciiE caHExi xtaTeiei HorapiaTa. IIpuM. ped. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 26 — 

ceojbeo cjtobb. HejoyM'&BaeM'B, npeac^e Bcero, noieMy peaaKijLff hsjo- 
aeme cb Hamefi ctopohh rfexB otfcTOjrrejBCTBB fltia, KOTopoe no- 
xajio hoboa^ OAHoaiy H3B uoauhc^hrobx „K)pHAHqecBod raseTu a 
o6paTHTLCfl kt» pejamuH nocritfHeS cb o6cysxfteMuirB HWHi Bonpo- 
coai'b, cinTaerB „ocjoaHeHieBn> cnopa", a yBasame Ha $aKTB npio- 
6pf»TeHifl HarfjHia TpeTBHMB jiHn;oarB nocpe^CTBOMt aaHHofin otm4tkh 
9T0S nocjrbAHefl bb peecrpi KptnocTHtixx xbjrh 3a „hobhh o6croa- 

TejLCTBa tf ., OTB KOTOpHXB OHa BB CBOGITb B03paS6HiH dHTaOTB 

HyaoHMt otocthtb HamB cnopB no 9TOny hmchho Bonpocy. Hanpo- 
thbb, HaMi> KaaeTca, hto TOiHoe HSJioateme o6croaTejLCTBi> aiura bo 

BCHKOMT> A*J* H BO BCHKOMB CJTy^a* TOJCbKO H ^aOTT. B03MOSHOCTB 
BDOJH'b OpiOHTHpOBaTBCff BB CHOp*, H HO npH<fc6raTB KT> HOHyflCHUMB 
BOBTOpeHiflMt. Bl> KOHI$ KOHIJOBB O^HCTHBX n nepBOHa?ajBHHfi CnopB* 
OTB 3THXB „HOBUXB a H b BBOAHHXB o6CT04ITeABCTBB a , TOJCbKO „OCJKHK- 

HJiioin.HX'B cnopB tf , peflaKijifl conua cb nyra, no KOTopomy &o chxb 
nopx nLia bb cnopi cb Haum h, rapes*. 9to nonaja bb noio&esie, 
h3*b KOToparo He MoaeTB 6htb aejaHHaro w Hea Buxo^a: OHa 
npewoaauia HaarB OTBiraaTB He Ha totb BonpocB, KOTopufl BUTeRa- 
en> H3i> o6cT0«Tej[BCTBB xh&a, h KOTopufl npe^oseHi 6hjeb ei 
oahhmb H3B noairacqHKOBB B K)pH^H^CKoS rasem"; peflaKitfa cnpa- 
nraBaeTB HacB o tomb, n no^jeKHTB jh aKTB yrBepayjeirii), econi 
noc-rt coBepmenia ero y HOTapiyca npaBa h o6asaHHocTH, Haiarae- 
mlih flaraHirB aKTOMi. Ha KaKyro jh6o h3t» y^acTByron^HX'B bb ero 
coBepmeHiH cropoHB, nepenuiH nyTOMB npaBa npeeMCTBa otb o^Horo 
jhi^l kt. apyroMy", a Me»ay Thm>, no coAepaaHiro o6crotfTasbCTB , B 
fllua, Hameify o6cy» ( n;eHiK) bb aahhomi> cjyqai noAJeanrB BonpocB 
o tomb, MOtterc, jh 6htb yTBepa^effB totb hjh *pyrofi aKrB » 
Hanp., pas.n'&jBHHfi aKTB, Kor.ua nocri coBepmeHia ero y HOTapiyca 
npauo kt> HMymecTBy, cocraBjraiDmee npe^MeTB aroro aKTa, nepenuo 
kb nocTo^HHeMy — He npHHHMaBmeMy yqacria bt* coBepmeHiH arcra 
jtHuy, Hanp., nyTeMi* npio6p4Tema ero cb nyfijarraux'B ToproBi.. Kto 

BHHMaTeJLBHO npOTTeTB 9TH BOHpOCH, TOTB Cpa3y yBH^HlTB OrpOMHyiD 

pasHHAy Meat^y hhmh: Ha nepBiifi BonpocB He Moaen» 6htb OTBi- 
Ta. . . , a Ha BTopofi BonpocB (K)p. ras. J6 44) mu yate BHCKa- 

SaJTH, TTO CB CBOefl CTOpOHU MLI KaTerOpH^eCKH OTpHI^aeMB B03MOX- 

hoctb n no^cTaHOBKH tf Toro -lH^a, KOTopoe npHHajo ynacrie bb co- 
BepmeHiH aKTa ApyriiMB jhh;omb, He npHHHMaBnraMB bt> homi> yna- 

CTia, ^aae npn ycjoBia yHHBepcajBHaro npeeMCTBa npaBt Ho 

npnsHaBB bb nepBott nojoBHHi cBoero BOspaseHin yKasame cb Ha- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 27 — 

mefl cropoHii Ha fyaxrb nojyieHia jaHHoft noKynnpucoMB (TpeTBHMi, 
xaapwh) Ha Topraxx npaBa Ha qacTb h3t> ofimaro iwiHia h otm^tkh 
aroft jaHHoft bt> peecrpfc KpinocTHUXT. x&r& Ao yTBepamema pa3- 
xfun>Haro asm sa „HOBHa o6cT0#ra*bCTBa u , tojbko nOCJioaHaiojn.ia 
cnopT» g , bo BTopofi nojOBHHi OToro BOspaaceHia pejaKijia yace caMa cb 
oco6eEHum> BHHMameaiB ocraHaBJHBaeTca Ha pascMOTpiHiH 3thxt> 

XfeftCTBHTejBHO BaSHHXB <J)aKTOB'L, OTB KOTOpMXT> efi TaKT» XOTfcjlOCB 

6hjo owcthtb Hanre aKa^eMHqecKift cnopt, npn^eMi. OHa BHCKasu- 
BaerB TSLBia nojosemn, nojKpiujHa Kaa^oe hsb hhxb cchjkoS Ha 
pfemema npaBHTeibCTBysomaro cenaTa, KOTopua He Moryrx h He aojukhh 
6htb ocraBjurenu 6eax BHHiiaHia h ^ojSHaro o6cy«Aenia co ctopohh 
bc4xb, koto Moaen> HHrepecoBaTB npaBHjBHoe paspimeHie nofljeaia- 
njaro Hameny otfcyaflenii) Bonpoca. PejaKuia roBopHTB, *rro no pasx- 
acHeHiD npaBHreji>CTByioin,aro ceHaia jnpio6pftraTe.il> ex ny6ju<iaaro 
Topra &om ojHoro hsx coHacjiaHHKOB'B ciHTaeTca npaBonpeeMHH- 
kom-b nocjrfcaHaro" He toilko bt> oTHomefidH BJia^ma, hoh bt, otho- 
memH pa8£bja oHaro, a OTcro^a, roBopnrB peaaKijia, 6yATO 6u cjrf>- 
jyerB, hto „bc& npaBa, npHHaAje&aBmia no paaaijiBHOMy airry o^HOMy 
hsb coHacji^HHROBx, &OJXRH Bt CHjy coBepmHBmaroca orayaKAema 
c^HTaTBca nepeHeceHHHMH Ha HOBaronpio6piTaTej[a a .PeAaKuiacnpa- 
mHBaeTL, npH3HaeMi> jh mh bth noJoseHia? ^a, mh npnsHaeMB, KaKB 
o6i» 9T0MX mii yxe roBopnjH bt. nepBofl Hameft saMfenci no aTOMy 
Bonpocy, HanemraHHoft bb 32 HOMepi, hto totb, kto kjuhjx cb Top- 
iwl hjh nyTeirb AotipoBOjBHaro corjramema npaBo Ha toctb hst* 
o6maro iurfmia, hosotl npraaTB yqacrie bb coBepmeHlH pasfllufc- 
Haro asra Ha bto mime, t. e. mu npnsHaeMi> npasaiLHOGTB Bucsa- 
saraaro pejaRipeH) nojoatema, ho t&mb He Mefffce, oflHaKO, mh pfenra- 
TejtBHO OTpmjaeMB npaBHJiLHOCTB (ytfuraHHaro pe^aKuieio h.tb dToro 
nojosema BHBOfla. Ecjh 6u pe^a^ia, npe&iaraa Haan. Bumenpo- 
HHcaHHud Bonpocx h ^ijaa tojlko qro yRasaHHud bubo^x, npn- 
najia bo BHHMame, hto HireaKoft airrs Boo6m,e h bt. tocthocth pas- 
X&ibhuS — ^;o t*y& nopL, noBa ohi» ho yTBep»A6Hi, HnsasHrb npaBi, 
He nopos^aerB m& jhh;t», npHHHBmHXT. bt> homi. ynacrie, a ^to no- 
synaTaiB cb ToproBt npaBa Ha toctb hsi> o6m;aro nuiHiji HoserB 
npio6picTB tojlko to, hto 6hjo npeAneroMB Topra, t. e. rt npaBa 
Ha He^BHSHMoe HMyn^ecrBO h bb tom*b hx*b bha* h cocraBi, b*b sa- 
boitb ohh HaxoxiuHCB bb MOMeHTB Topra y caMaro Bja^txbi^a; vro 
cy,ne6HHft npHCTaBt, 3aBi^yroni;ift HcnojHuraiLHHMT> hpohsbo^ctbomb, 
He co6Hpaen> cnpaBonx otb bc^xb HOTapiycoBi> othochtcjibho coBep- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 28 — 

meBssTh y hhx-b asroBi Boo<5m,e, a erapmift HOTapiyc* noser* u 
&oiMewb yfitxoMHTb cyxefiHaro npncraBa jhihb o cym,ecTBOBaHin bjh 
HecymecTBOBaHiH Ha npoxaBaeiioirB mrfcHiH aanpemenifi, xa ° tomt>, 
He coctohtb jh oho vb o6mflWb BjaxiHin; tto xo Tte* nopx, hom 
pa3X&iBHHft aRPB He yTBepaxem*, xoth yse h npexcraBjen* am* 
yroepsxeHi* CTapmeMy HOTapiycy, nourbxHifi women* yBtxowiTB cy- 
xefoaro npncTaBa jhihb o tomt>, q-ro moimo 6htb noiepnsyro H.Tb 
peecrpa KphnocTHirx-B x4jtb bt> oTHomemH sroro mriuriH, KOTopoe 
3Ha^HTca Tain, cocroAinpnrB bi o6m,eMT» Bjaxtain, — x& npmiOMHHja 
6u npH worn, otobhxho, ynymeHHoe e© bte» xaHHOM-B cnopfc H8*B amy 
ooHOBHoe nojoseme rpaaxaHCBaro npaBa o tomt», too nemo plus jurifi 
tran«ferre potest qoam ipse habet(Tro hhkto He Moaen* nepexaTB xpy- 
roMy 6ojbme npaBt, *&*% ckojbko cam HMierB),TO onaHnorxaHe 
piniHjacB 6u npejjaraTL Ham* npHBexeHHaro sinne Bonpoca h xb- 
jiaTh Toro BtiBOfta, Kaicoft 0Ha cxtjaaa hst, (jwiKTa nepexoxa toibbo 
npaBa Ha lam hob ofimaro hm4hui otb oxHoro hsb coHacjrbxHHKOBi* 
Kh xpyroMy nocTopoHHeny Jimjy. Hacomh4hho, qw> X, KynaBi, ct> Top- 
roBT> npaBo Ha ?acni hst> o6m,aro hm4hui coHacjftxHHKOB?> A h B, 
npio6p%jrB — uepeHecB Ha ce6n ihihb rk eamiA npaBa, BaKHMH 061a- 
xajra caMH A h B bt> noMeHTB ToproBT> — Korxa ohh enje caim hm&jih 
tojlko npaBo Ha tocth hst* o6maro h em;e He paax&teHHaro hn&hui. 
X, KynHBi> cb ToproBi npaBa Ha tooth coHacjixHHKOB-B A h B, Bui- 
crt ex 9thmt> HecoMH^HHO npio6pijn> — nepenecB Ha ce6a h npaso, 
npneymee Ka*xoiiy coMaxiwMjy oCnjaro hmAhui — Tpe6oBaTb paaxfca 
aroro HMima bt> cany 550 ct. X t. i. 1, a Taxse h npaso npuunrB 
y^acTie m coBepmemH xoroBopa o pa.sxh.ri vh coBepmeHin pasxija- 
aaro awa, ho npH btoitb, o^obhaho, oht» He Mora KyiracB — nepe- 
hoctb Ha ce6fl TaKHXi> upaBB, saKHXt caaiH coHacjfexHHKH A h B 
eme He mrfura, hjh Roropua HirkiHCB y hhxtb jhhib, taicb CK&saTb, 
bt> ofijacTH npodieMaTH^ecrarB npoesTOKB, ocymecrBjenie itoarB 
HHorxa saBHCHTB otl MaccH TaKHXT> ycioBift, KOTopuw He Bcer^a 
HcnojHADTca cropoHaiiH — EairB 9to HeptiKo 6uBaeTB, Haiip., vb rbn 
cxyqaarB, xorxa vl npoesrB pasx^AHaro aKTa bhochtch yoioaie o 

T01TB, WT06u TOTB H8*B X&UUHiHZCfl, K*B BOTOpOHy HepeXOXHITB HpaBO 

Ha ^acTL xpyraro AiJJan,arocH, bhoc-b sTony noc^ixHeiiy npex^ yTaeps- 
xemeBTB asra mvbcrHjK) xeneaHyi) cyimy. Boo6me, npocMOTpirB 
h^csojobo KaccauioHHUxi pimeHift npaBHTejLCTByBmaro ceHaxa f pe- 

XftKE(iH 06X0XHTB HOJOSHTejBHUft SaKOffB H Rhia&Fb pHCKOBftHHLie 

buboxu: pexaxqui, Hanp., roBopHTB, hto paax*aBHHirB arrorB He 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 29 — 

ycraHaBJiLBaeTCtf nepexoflx npaBa co<$CTBeHHOCTH otl o^Horo mua kt> 
ApyTOMy, a tojibko onpeAijaDTca t4 tocth, rotophh npHHaxjeat&iH 
xamjoiiy hst. coHacjit^HHBoi^-coyqacTflHKOBT, o6m,aro mrfcHia; too 
noaroMy, 6y#ro 6h, pasAixBHuft asrB Moaen> 6htb yTBepaaeH* npH 
HajiHHHocTH sanpemeHiil Ha &humowh mrbmH, h too pawfcJMHft aim> 
He HM*en> caiiocToaTejBHaro sHaiem* bt> CMiicxb yflocTOBipeHia 
npaBa co(>CTBeHHocTH Ha HMime, onnaqenHoe bt> HeM?>, h Ba»^oeH8i. 
3thxi> nojomemfl pe^aKuia no^epa^aeTt cchjkoS Ha xaccaiuoH- 
huh pifflema. A Meacjy Tint, ecan mm oCparaMca si no*o»HTe*B- 
HOMy eaKOHy, Hanp., k*l 4 n. 158 gt. HOTap. nojos., to tbm% Hafi- 
xen yKaaame Ha to, too pa3#kiLHHfi aKrs MO»en hm4tb cbohmt> 
npe^MeTOMi> He tojbbo pacnpextaeme qacTefi o6aj,aro nwbmx Mea^y 
cojura^iJibuaMH, ho h nepexoftB otfn^aro HMfaria bt» cotfcTBOHHOCTB 
o^Horo h8tb coyiacTHHKOBx o6maro HAr&Hia. Kowy ho npqxoftHJOCB 
mrfrn> vh cbohxt> pysax?> hjh qnraTB Tasie pa*wkiBHHe ami, no 
KoropturB, HanpHMipt, bc4 6paTM HBciceerpu nepe^aKXTB ^apom> 
hxh sa AeHBrH Bee HMime wh noJHOin» ero cocraBi ojHOMy hsi 

6paTB6BT> HJH OAHOft H3T> C6CT6pi BT> Tfext, Hanp., B&flBLTh, TOO0H He 

o6e9D^H«BaTb HM-hma npn pa8A*»i4 ero Ha tocth hjth no apyrnarB 
npHTOHain.? IIpiypo^HBt pasjtfubHufl aKn> tojbko ki> TOMy ciy?ax>, 
xor^a o6inee HMime pacnpeAJuneTCJi Ha %cth Mes^y coBjaflijbijaitH, 
pe^aKnia ?epe&B bto h npHHLia kt> BHBoay, BHeceHHOMy e» hotomt> 
h B'b npe^ioswHiifl HaMi Bonpoct, wo kt» npiotfpiTaTOJUD no aaH- 
HOfl — cr> ToproBx j,ojh H8i» o6m,aro hm^hui, 6y^TO 6h, nepexoAOTB 
B npaBa h ofasaHHoara, HajaraeMHa* 4 (sic) „pa3 f K'kiBHHin, arcroMB Ha 
ywcTByDn^HXi Vh Hem, CTopoHT>". Ki> coaa-rimix), mh bb HacroHm.ee 
BpeiiH He MoaeicL hphhomhhtl co^epaame ycjoBift Toro pasa&iBHaro 
airra, aoTopufi no^ajt hoboa* kt» BostfyawHix) o6cyaaaeiiaro huh* 
Boopoca, ho aohtcthm'b na MHHyTy, too no 8T0My aKry coHac-rfcflHHKH 
A h B cobc4mt> 0TKa8ajHCB ott, npaBi> Ha qacrn h.st, o6m;aro hm4- 
hia HanpHMipi*, AapoMi> wb noxh&y flpyrHxx coHacjrtAHHBOBi* C h^, 
hjh 3a H8BicTHyjo flfiRes&Mjv) jul&tj. Ecjth A^psaTBCH BsrjHA^ pe^aR- 
niH oTHOCHTeiBHO nepexofla npaBt h ofinsaHHocTei, HajaraeMLixi> 
aatoicB Ha yHacTByrom^xt bt> Hean> cTopoHi kt» npiofipiTaTejio ct> 
ToproBTb Aojefi H3t o6n^aro HMima, hxh ec-ra hphhatb (Jest aojs- 
Hofl KpHTHKH npoBosrjameHHyi) e» bt> aahhohi> cjyqah ^OKrpHHy o 
n npeetiCTB4 npaB% h o6H3aHHOcrefl bt. uijoMt lopHAH^ecKOMt otho- 
meHiH— cb i^'Lium'b BOHnjeBTOHi* npaBi> h 0(5a8aHH0CTefi a , to hojo 
seme saamaro npiofipiTaTawr AOJeft — npaBi Ha nacra h3t> o6m,aro 



Digitized by 



Google 



— so — 

Hirfenia nyTeMt ny6jKH<maro Topra nosera HHorja ORasaTBCH npocro 
TparH^ecKHHi: ecra bt> Hamein> cjy wk ex noKynn^Hsy X Birkrrfc ex 
KynJieHHUMH hmt> Ha Topraxt aommh coHacxfejHraQBt A h Bj,ojxhu 
„nyTeMi» npaBonpeearcTBa* nepefira, Rarcs BupasaeTCflpejuucityfl, „np&Ba 
h o6a3aHH0CTH, HaaaraeiiiM" pasfffcjriiHHirB asroMi Ha A h B, orsa- 
saBnraxca no aroMy anry on bc&xb cbohtb npaBi, Hanp., japoMt vl 
nojib^y apyrHXt cbohxi> coHacjrfejHHKOBT>, hot 3a HSBtcraoe Bojma- 
rpajKfleme, to ohl — X moscti* ocTaTBCH He npHqeMt — h (ies* *e- 
Hen., h 6esi> seMjra hjh nojyiHTB tojbro rponni. Ho, Kpowb sroro, 
TaBaii Teopia pe#aRiuH bt> 6htobomt> OTHomeHia MoaterL nopoajaTb 
Haccy HenpmTHun> CTOJKHOBesifi h HcnuTamfl. Ecih AonycTmrL, ito 
KynHBmifl ct> ToproBi, aojiio o^Horo im> Hacjrt^HHKOB^ vb o6meMT> 
HMinin mrfcerB „K>pHflH*ecRH 8ani,Hiii,aeMyiD bosmoxhoctl", t. e. npaBo 

BCTjTOHTB BT> aRTB — MO»eTI» 6HTb „nOACTaBieHl> a BMiCTO TOTO COHO- 

cjrfypniRa hjh BOo6m,e coBja#lun>ija, ^ojd ROToparo oht> npiotipiure, 
to Tor^a apyrie coBjatf&iLijH Moryra no^yBCTBOBaTB ce6& bt> hobos- 
MOffiHOMt noaoaeHin: xopomo ecjra nosynn^Hsi jojh Moero cobje- 
,n4jibi^a-coHacjrt ( a;HHKa a& ho noxoai>, Hanp., Ha KojynaeBa, a earn 
owe o6jra,naen. bc4mh xapaRrepHCTEraecRHMH ocotieHHOCTHM h aroro no- 
cjfe#Haro, a mh — coBJia^ijrtmj Hamero &ionojry i maro coHacxbAHHRa, 
pyKOBOAHHue cepjeTOHMH rt> Heuy oTHomemjiHH, npexocTasHiH eMy 
Ha ocHOBamn pasfliuLHaro asra TaRitf npaBa, Kamxt mh HHEorga He 
jirar 6u jraijy, HaMt nocropoHHeHy h HarfcronjeMy csmua Heonpeai- 
jeHHUH noHOTin oTHOcsrrejLHo ^oaBOJeHHaro h HOAOSBOjeHHaro. Mh 
npoeKTHpoBajH et pa3AkiBHHin> aETOMi) sanHcaHHHirB yae HOTapiy- 
comt> b-b aKTOByro KHnry, aaTt HameMy coHaort^HHKy npaBO npoiaja, 
npoxoja h nporoHa CROTa kt> bo^ohod, npaBa ptrfHoft jobjh bt> npy- 
A&, pacnojoaeHHOMX bt» y^acnti saeiia, oTXO^^mewB no asTy vb 
HaHi>, bt» Ha^ea^, hto mm 6y^eMi> hm4tb a4jo cl ^ejoBiKOMx, HpaB- 
CTBeHHUA Ra^ecTBa Roero Haira xopomo hsbActhh. HejBSii TaRse He 
ocnopHTL h to BHCRasaHHoe pe,n;aKii,ieio nojomeme, hto, 6y^ro 6h, 8a- 
npemema He Moryro cjyaHTL npemrrcTBieM'L rt, yTBep»AeHiD paa- 
A'&ibHaro aRTa. A ecjH HMinie sajioseHO Bt RpeAHTHoin> y^pea^e- 
Hin, a oto nocj^AHee He ^aert paspimemn Ha 3ajon>; a ecraHiit- 
Hie sajoaeHO lacTHOMy JrH^y, h CTapmifi HOTapiycb ycMOTpwrB, wo 
^epeBT> pas^^JTB HM*Hie Moaen. noTepHTt cbod ufhny, to pasrt b% 
othxi cxynajm. sanpemema He 6yAyn» cjyacHTL npenHTCTBieirB rt> 
yTBepa^eHii) paa^iibHaro aRTa? Ho hto RacaeTCH yae Toro MHiHiH 
pe^aRiUH, tto pasxiuHufi aRn caMi> no ceft&He Hnten> caiiocTOA- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 31 — 

TejLHaro roanem*, to oto MH&Hie npeACTaBjraeTCA (fesycjoBHO Heirfcp- 
hlhtl: mh ct> cBoed cropoHH cb nojosHTejrBHocTBD yTBepa^aeMt, 
qro totx, kto HMiera bx cbohx* pysaxi yTBepameHHHfi pasAto- 
HHfi aKTt, ecjH, soHe^HO, nocxh^Hifi coBepmeHt h yrBepacfleHt yirfe- 
jrofl pysoft h no Bciin, npaBaiairB hjh 3aEOHam>, peryjrapyDinHifB 
nop^AOKt coBepmeflia aToro poja aBTOBi>, to totx yace he Biita- 
bomt> oiynai He Moaterc> Hya^aTLca bt> flpyrnxt BaBHXfc jra6o aETaxt, 
a bt, HacTo^mee Bpeiui, Bor#a bboj-l bo Bja^me coBciMx noTeparc 
npasnraecKoe SHaneme *), Aase h bt» bboahoitb jhcf6 — minpHnpo- 
jaarfc, hh npH sajort h t. n. cffkiBaxi no HirfemH), cocTaBjunonieMy 
npeAMero aroro necoMHiHHO spinocTHaro aKTa (66 h 158 ct. Horap. 
nojios.). JIorH^ecKHirL nocjijcTBieM-L Tasoro BsrjuHa Ha pasAluBHHfi 
asTB co cropoHH Hamero onnoHOHTa h 6hjo to, hto nocjii^Hifi Ha- 
mexL BOSMoasmarb BiicsasaTL HHacecxkAyimpa, AocToftmifi BHHMaHiff, 
coo6paseHur: ysasaBx Ha to, hto on* yrBepsAeHui Toro pasft&JLHaro 
asra, o Boropowb vh aahhomi cjiynai Hjen, pint, HineaBHxi> Bpe^- 
hhx'l nocxb^cTBifl jm CTapmaro HOTapiyca He momo nponsodrn, 
Hann. onnoHeffTB roBopnrB: v misasHrB TaBHXx h onacHocreft (ma 
crapmaro Horapiyca) He 6ujio: Hacri> mAma 6uja 6u sairacaHa no 
pa-3A'hJi>HOMy aicry sa rbm> jhijomt., BOTopoe yate nepecTaao Bjra^TB 
e» (sieX ho aro, t. e. sanHCBa bt> peecrpfc, He jaio 6u euj npaBa 
hh na o^Hy nflTb seMiH wb pas#fcieHHOiri> mrbHifl, a ero npaBonpeeM- 
hhkb HM*kii> 6u nojrayi) bosmoshoctb, oirapajicB Ha pasAlJBHufl aBnb 
h Ha xaHHyi), npocHTL o BBO^i ero bo Bja^ieie yqacTKOMt, onpe- 
A&ieHHUMT» ero npaBonpexmecTBeHHHBy a . HejiBsa He saM-fenm, hto 
vb 9Thxt» cootipaaceHurxi, cBasuBaeToi CBoeo6pasHUfi BSiMflffB pejaK- 
qui Ha peecrpb KpinocTHtiXT» a&xi> h Ha SHaneHie bhochmhxt* bt> 
Hero otm4tokb, Bar-MAt, bt> coataxkiiii), AiaiieTpajLHo nporHBonojos- 
Bufl Bsrou^y no aTOiiy npe^Mery co cropoHH aaBOHOAaTeja, no mucjh 
Boero peecTj/B spinocTHUxi xhrh nojotewh ciysHTb aaa crapmaro 
HOTapiyca hctohhhboitb y^ocTOBtpenm npaBi coticrBeHHOCTH Ha He- 
ipuxtmva HMiHiH BOo6n^e (168 ct. Horap. nojos.). HecooTB^TCTBie 
B3rxaAa peAarauH Ha snaneHie peecrpa KptnocTHHxx ^6jb coB3rja- 
AOMt saBOHa ao TaBoft cTeneHH ohcbh^ho, hto mosho 6hjo 6u h He 
ocTaHaBjiHBaTBCA Ha onpoBepsemn ero, ecjrn 6u aron. wTxaxb 6u jx 

BUCBa3aHl> XOTJI H BT» B K)pHAHHeCEOfi ra3eT*h a , HO He OTBHMeHHpe- 



x ) Cm. yKE3i npaBinrejn»CTByi)maro cenaT* no rpaJuaHcioiiy xenapTaiieHTy on 
27 aapiui 1894r.,Jf 2906. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— SB — 

AaraciH Qocjritapeft. OieHB bosmosho* too h HincoTopHe crapnrie ho- 
TapiycH pa8«ijwTi bi» AaEHMt cjiyrafe aBTopffrerHoe wh Hit ria- 
sars MHtaie pejaiuuH, wo tot* hjh flpyroft aEPb Jtosen 6htl 
yrBepsAeHi h omtaesi bi» peecrpi KpiuocTHun> aira fb otho- 
meHiH Tasoro jraua, ROTopoe bt» AMcTBirr&ibHocTH He HjrberB npaBa 
co6cTBeHHOCTH Ha HMymecTBO, saoHcaHHoe b'b peecrpfc sa aram* ih- 
UOMt. Ho 9to 8Haqajo 6u ycyry6HTL orafrrcTBeHHocrB cfapnnrx'B ho- 
TapiycoBi,. H3b4ctho, too bc* cjyaanjie no cyaetfHOiiy Bi^oncTBy, ko 
Topue croan* no ciysftl HHse ojhhmt> uaccovB no aoucsocth 
CTapmnx'B HOTapiycoBi., pimHTejBHo H36tra»n> noBumeHia no cjysdi 
bt> bha* HasHaqeaiji Ha aojkhoctb CTapmaro Horapiyca, h m no- 
TOMy, qTO KasAHii H8i» hhxb, ho cqmaa HyasHHirB 3HaBonim>cfl ci 
„HenffrepecHofi a Horapiajrraoft cjyarioft, ho npocaaTpffBaa bt> rase- 
Tarb orffkiu no yrojOBHOft xponsst jlih npncyTCTBya bt> cyAeOHwin, 
h pacnopaAHTejBHHX'b 8acixaHinxi> cy*e6HHrb vbcrb, otjhhho bh- 
AHti>, too nojoseme CTapmaro Horapiyoa, xase caaaro HcnpaBHaro 
bi cbohxt> rfuarb h aKKyparaaro m> cbohtb KHHrarB, xyaee hojo- 
atema J^bmojuul OrpoMHoe 6ojbhihhctbo cyAetauxi* cjijoBareaei h, 
Harare*, bc6 *o oflHoro TOBapnma nposypopa *) roBopcro, too hm* 
toaoboA ^aaioiua bhcLtb acero o&lwb motb, a Ha^x rojosoft CTap- 
maro Horapiyca mchtt> hx& cpasy Tps: oftHHt m> bhj4 bosmosho! 
h, nan CBHA*TejBCTByen» yroiOBHa* xpoHnaa, Hepiyucoft oihh6kh bt> 
A&ji ci. 3anpefl^eHuiMH, APyrot wb BHgi Toae bosmoshoA h, sara 
bhjho H3i» oTqeroB'B no peBH8unfB BOHrpoiBHHra yipesAemft, rose 
Hepiwsoi ohih6kh bt» aixfe npHMiHeflia MaccH ysasoflemi, ipquty- 
jjipoBi> h ceHaTCKHTB ysasoBi no iacro nopagBa HCMeiema ctai- 
tokb Bootfnje KpinocTHMxt h rep^OBurL hoiujhht,, h nooiiHVb Ch 
aKTOBT* 6e6Me.3AHaro nepexo^a HMynjeersT, soropiie Vb uourbfipee 
vpeux c^iiajiH to, ito, Hanpimips, oamie onmnue h yse nodM,*B- 
niie b% HOTapiajBHOMt xhA crapmie HOTapiycw craHoaarca BTynsss 
npn pa8p£meHiH mKHXt xasaiocB 6h npocrarrb BOnpocoFfc, tan. 
BonpocT* o tomt>, too cjr&xyerb c^roaTb synqex) KpinocTLi), a too 
xaHHOD EpinocTL© *), .... a rperifl, He roBopa yace o gpoxassocTH, 



x ) HHsorxa He ciyroiocb, hto6h TOBapEmi oposypopa nuTaiai 3anm xoax- 
hoctl CTapmaro HOTapijca. Korxa 3Ta saHina 6ma yae HanHcaaa, bi> 170 HOMepfc 
itpaBBT. BtcTHHua 18d4 r. do^bhjcji Bnepsne npHitast o Ha3HaieHin vb crapmie uo- 
Tapiyca TOBapHma npoKypopa. 

*) Cm. jtmm» npoBT . ceaaTa no* rpasxaHctovy xeiapiameaTy on 10 Mapra 
1894 r., wb KOTopoirb ceaan npHsaaii, too ayniaa spftaocn— se Kyiraa, a 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 93 — 

BT> VB%b HpOCTOrO H o6u^ESLTO HeBHHMaHLH CO CTOpOHH jemeBaro 

racija, nojy^a»maro wl Tbx% HorapiajBHirai* apxroax**, Ha Kamje- 
iffpcKia cpe^cTBa KOToptixt oroycKaerca Bcero 1000 py6. (urn* so- 
Topux*B sa pacxo^aMH Ha saroTOBicy Maccu bhhtl, ajKtttBHTOB'B kt> 
mm, Ha nepemen> BOo6me bc4xt> HOTapiaiBHurb bhhfl h saxo- 
hobt>, Ha noByvRy 6yaiarH h tophhjtl h Ha co^epsaHie cropoxa, a 
TaEse Ha ynjiary ceHaTCsoi THnorpa4>iH sa npaBHTejBCTBeHHua HS^a- 
ma — Ha Tpexi iihcijob'k ocraeTca Bcero 600 hjih 700 py6.)> aajio- 
BaHLA Bcero 10 — 15 py6. wl m£chi£b h ott> KOToparo y»e no ojHOMy 
9T0My uejnan osn^aTL xojXHaro BHHMaHui h npnjesaHifl kb #fcj[y 
c*y«6H, ho xaxoe oht> Bce-Tara ao-iaem, npmaraTB am Toro, ito6h 
He noHecTH bt> stoitb jixfc ohih6obt>, kotopim norra Bceraa BieKyrb 
sa co6oft h ^ cTapmaro HOTapiyca, Kpoirh yrojoBHOfl, eme h itaTe- 
piaxbHyD OTB^TCTBeHHOCTB. H ocjih TaxoBO nojoseme CTapmaro HO- 
Tapiyca npH ycioBiH co6ja)Aemn wit saxoHHocTH flificTBifl Boo6n*e 
h nopflABa bt> KHHraxi», kotopumh HOTapiajLHue apxHBM saBajieHU 
wb Hacmamee Bpena en*e (fojrfce, YfeMi aro 6iuo npes^e — Hanp. #0 
HairhHeHi^ nopjwca Hajosem* sanpen^emfi, to KaxoBo se xojsho 6htb 
ero noJioaeme bt> tobtb cjrywfc, Kor^a b* peecrpu Kp'hnocTHUxr* 
A^JTb, — ctojl ofaeriaiomie B'B Hacrojin^ee Bpemi cnpaBRH othoch- 
TejbHo Bcero Toro, too sacaercfl cocTaua, noaoaeHia AaHHaro HMinin 
(168 cr. Horap. nojoa.), oht> BHecera Ty HMeHHO nyraHHijy, sa ao- 
nymeHie BOTopofi, xora npau^y cxasaTB h He no CBoefi bhh* (cm. 1 
h 20 cr. Horap. hojojk. h miKOBame araxt cTaTefi; oho Tain, bt, 
ero pimeHiH sa 1880 r. #21), oahetl CTapmifi HOTapiyct yae no6u» 
b&tb Ha CKAMi>f> noAcyAHMHXT> H BucjymajrB orb cyija saiii^aHie? 

E. KpuecKtu. 



Aiepmuuiciiii lenpasiTejibHUfl Tiopbiuj. 

B'B (|>eBpaJBCKofi n MapTOBCKoft KHHaxaxt „Revue p6nitentiaire u 
Hane^aTanx BecBMa HHTepecmift 0T*en» o saciA&Hiiix'b napnscBaro 
B Soci6te g£n6rale des prisons", nocBamernHxi, o6cyamem» AoxaaAa 
M. Yvon o cpaBHHTe-iBHo hobomt> rani aiicpHBaHCKHX'L TwpoMi,, 
h3b6cthlixt> no^B HMeHem HcnpaBHTe^BHUx'B (Reformatories). 



xanHaji, a HaBicrao, vro nopa^OEB HCHHOieBUi uomiEWb Boo6mfi cb syn^Hxi oahht», 
a oh xaHHaxi xpyroft. 

s. »pHj|. 06m. kh. vii 1895 r. 3 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 34 — 

3afie^eHiA dth, o6pa3ijoiix Roropuxx MoaceTx cjysHTB TDptMaBx 
3jLMHpt, BOSHHKjra BnepBue jrfcrx mecTHa^aTb TOMy Hasajx h, 6ja- 
rojapa ycntxy hxx a'^at&ibhocth, bx KopoTKifi nepio,nx BpeiteHH 
f)HJH yqpesA^HU bo bc£xx nrraTaxx. CpeflCTBaMH aocTHaeHUi hxx 
ochobho* ijiijra — HcnpaBjeHia npecrynHHBa, cjyaaTx BocnHTame, npo- 
<j>eccioHajn>Hoe o6yqeme h npiHCRame aaHflTift oeBofosAaeMHMx 3a- 
KJLmemniwh. MaKCHMajBHtift cpoRx npe6HBaHia bx hhxx — nam* 
Afbrm. 

Bx HcnpaBHTejLHua tjopbmh ocyas^eHHue HanpaBJiarorcJi ex 6ojtl- 
hihmx Bti6opoMT>, HCKUoqHTeJbHO no yeMOTptarii) cyaa, H UpHTOMX 
hsx .ihijx, pafffee He noABepraBnraxcff ocya^emro, bx Bospacrt otx 
16 jo 30 jrfcTx, t. e. bx B03pacrt, bx Teiemn KOToparo, no MHimi) 
aMepHKaHn.eirb, mosho nuTaTT>ca npHMiHaix HcnpaBHreibHoe bocuh- 
Tame ex HaH<5ojLmHMH maHcaMH Ha ycirfcxx. 

Kasnb tojbko ocyameHHHft Bcrymrrx bx HcnpaBHT&iBHyi) ropbMy — 
en aAKHHHCTpan,ia bx TeneHin H-feRoxoparo speiiem ynoTpe&weTx 
bc4 ycHjifl, tto6u Hsy^HTL ero cnoco6Hocra, BRycu h BieieHte, n 
pyKOBO^CTByacB hmh, jaTB eaiy bx pyRH, He crfccHMCB ero npeasHHMH 
saraTWMH, TaKoe peMecjro hjih npxx^ecciK), KOTopuH moimh 6u HHre- 
pecoBaTL ero h, BcaijCTBie cymecTBOBama cooTB-fcrcrByronpixx criohho- 
CT^fi t cBo6oAHo npHBieEaTB Rxeetfftero chju.^ja xapaRrepHCTHRH droro 
BnojHi ncHxojioniqecKH npaBHJLHaix) npieiia, npHBeAeMx cjfe^rowjfi 
ciyiaft, HMiBmifi Micro bx 9jLMHpcKoft TroptMi. 

Oahht> hsx BCTynHBnrax'B bx Tropbwy ocyajeHHtixx Aoxroe Bpeiui 
naaajicji HHAH$epeHTHEiin> ko Bceiiy,H caMoe cTapaTejBHoe Ha&noae- 
nie He Horjro otrphtl bx Heaix HHRaRHXx, CROJXRO-HHtiyAb acho bh- 
paaeHiiuxx, cKJioHHOCTefi. Ho botx OAHaa^H noAMfrrnjiH, hto ohx 
jjo6obho jacRajx cotiany. EMy cTajra npnBojHTb ee, h ohx csopo npn- 
BAsajCA rx Heft. Tor.ua saftaia 6wja pimeHa. 3aRjx>?eHHOMy nopy- 
qRiH Jioraa^eft, nosHaROMMH ero ex npaBHjaMH yxo.ua 3a hhmh h 3a 
crotomx Boo6m,e, a nocxt Biixo.ua msx tdpbmh doh^cthjh rx o#HOMy 
6oraTOMy pa3B0£HTejK) CKOTa bx ^aKorfe, y ROToparo ohx, 6jaro^apfl 
eBoeft cuoco6hocth kx A'kiy, cxkjsunca Bnocji^CTBiH yqacTHHROiix bx 
npe^npiaTiH. 

Cjiyae6Huft nepcoHajx cpaBHwreitHO BectMa MHoroincjeHx bx 
HcnpaBHTejBHuxx TDpBMaxx. Jinu& 9Toro nepcoHaja Tin,aTejLHO bh- 
6flpaiDTCfl, xopomo omraHHRaOTCft h coAepaaTCff ex rom<j^>ptomx, ^to 
3acTaBjaen> hxx ^opoamx cbohmh AOJaHOCT^MH h o^chl BHHMaTejLHO 
OTHoeHTXca rx esoHMx o6a3aHH0CTAMx, a 9to, bx cbod o^epe^b, eo- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 35 — 
craBuerB oxHy h.tb npH9HHi» 6*eemimjiTh ycnixoBi>, ^ocrnraeMUxt 

Bl aiiepHSaHCKHX'B HCnpaBHT6JLHUX1> TK)pi>MaX1>. 

KjiaccHoe otfyneme Be^ercA bt>hhxt> cneijiajBHHMH HacraBHHKaMH. 
KpoMi o6yqema bt> Kjaccaxi, HaeraBHHKH hoctohhho noctmarort h 
o6n^aTCfl ct» cbohmh yqeHHsamr h bt> to BpeMa, Korja rh 6uBa§orb 
bt> jseJtbSTh. Ohh Tor^a 6ec4,nyioT , B ex saKJiDHeHHUMH, BHCjrymHBa- 
vtb h H3yqa»n» hxt» otb4th h Boo6me HpaucTBeHHO bjuhotl Ha 
hhxi. 06Y*eme ate BeaeTca He ctojlko npn HOMonjH bhhfl, CBOjbso 
npn homoh^h XHBaro ciosa. 

Tjslbesla ujhxb, npecjr&AyeMaji BocnHTameM r> vh HcnpaBHTaiBHtixt 
TDpLnaxi — hphbhtb hphhahhh HpaBCTBeHHOCTH npn nocpeACTB* npn- 
ir&pa h xopomo paciHTaHHaro h npncnoco6jieHHaro o6yqeHia. Biaro- 
*apa nocjiAHesiy, Gojbhihhctbo npomejmHX'B TnpeMHue KJiaccu 
o6ss^asyrb aocTaTOTONMfc 6araateMT> SHamft, KOTopufl nosBOJraerB hmt> 
npaBOMtpHO (SopoTBca sa CBoe cymecTBOBaHie bt> hxt> nocjrkflyiDmefi 

XH3HH. 

06m;ee pyKOBojcTBO HpaBCTBeHHuiix h npcxfteccioHajBHUirB bochh- 
Tamera npHHa^iesHTL r.iaBHOMy HacTaBHHKy, noMomHHKOMi KOToparo 
SBjaefica mROAhsuA ceKperap&, Fiflarontffi npeHMymecTBeHHo Bonpocu 
HpaBCTseHHaro BocrmTamji. Bt pacnopaacemH rjaBHaro HacTaBHHRa 
HaxoAHTca yrareM; hsx hhxt> HiKOTopue— CuBinie 3aMK)?eHHHe bt> 
TDpurb. 

Bt» KJiaccaxx TiopeMHoft mKOju npenoflarorca Meat^y npo^HM'L 
4>HJOco4)ia, npaKTHnecKaa araBa, nojHTnqecKaa h coiuajr&Haa 9koho- 
Mia, ^HSHKa, xhmls h MexaHHxa. 9th hIickojlko rpoMKia HasBama 
He AOJatHU, OAHaso, bboahtb bt» 3a6jyatflemff. Bet nepeiHCjeHHua 
HayKH npenoxaDTCA, Eone?HO, He bt> tomt> pasirfepi, bt, saROMi* oh4 
npeno^anTCH bt> jHi^enxi. Cootimaxyrca tojbko HararKH HayKH, pacra- 
TaHHue Ha to, ito6h aaTi yieHHRaMi npaBHjLHHH noHffria o npn- 
po#fe o6m,ecTBa h ero cocTaBHux*B aieiieHTOBT>, o6t> ochobhhxt> Ha- 
qajaxt npaBHjiLHofl oGnjecTBeHHofi shshh h o saKOHax-L oxpyaai)- 
maro qexoBJusa Mipa jJBJieHifl. 

KpoMi KypcoBt TeopeTHHecKHXi>, HacTaBHHKH Be^yrt ci> y^efin- 
KaMH otfeyameme pa&raiHHXi sapaHte (f>opMyiHpoBaHHHXT> noaoae- 
mfi, npH^ein* ohh HcnpaBjunorc* ero h cxh^srrb sa t^mx, hto6uoho 
He npeBpamajocL bt» nycTyx) 6ojtobhd h ^epacajiocL Ha HSB^CTHofi 
Bucori. IIo BOCKpeceHtHMt se, nocjii i^epKOBHofl cjiyafiu, KOTopaa 
npoHcxoAHTL yxpoMt, ycrpaHBaxxrcH 6ec*,HH h ^rema. Bect^H Be- 
AyTCH npo4>eccopaMH, He pixRO npi'feaatawmHMH bi TioptMy cpaBHn- 

3* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 36 — 

TejLHO H3^ajeKa h He nojrynaKHUHMH sa to HHKaKoro B03Harpa»aema, 
a *rreHia nopyrajOTca jryTniHM'B y^eHHKairB bhcihhx'b MaccoBt td- 

peMHOft fflKOJTH. 

PafiOTH BT> HCnpaBHTe-ILHHX'B TH)pLMaXl HOCTOtfHHH H 016HB xo- 

pomo opraHHaoBaHH. HH^ycTpiajEBHiie Kiaccn bt> hhx»b pa3Hoo6pasHH 

H MHOrO^HCJeHHU, HTO SBJWeTCH npHMHMfc CjrfjflCTBieiTb CBOfiOflH BH- 

6opa upo^eccia no cnocofiHocraarB h ckjohhocwhtl, npe^ocTaBJiesHofi 
saKiro^eHHUMt, pyi;aMH KOTopuxx wb 9jLMnpcK0ft, Hanp., T»pbMfc 
ycTpoeHa n nodpoeHa 6ojiLmaa qacTL MHoroHHCJeHHHXt 3Aamft. 
IIpoH3BeAefliii pafiora saKJiDieHHaxt cocTaBjarort hxi cotfcTBeHHOcrt, 
h njaTa 3a hhxt> nocTynaera bi> hxtb nojitsy. 

HcnpaBHTejrLHua tk>pbmh yarpaHBaroTca b*b flepeBeHcraxi MicT- 

HOCTtfXfc, HO B6JH3H 60 JLIHHX*B TOpOAOBX JVLH TOR), HTO6H OH* HltfUH 

bo3mo»ho 6oxbmia y^oficTBa bi npiotfpiTemH Bcero hmx HyaHaro, 
HpoHSBeAeHia Hxt MacTepcKHXt, no o6njeMy npaBHjy, He npo,n;aiOTca 
Bt coc4ahhxt> ropoaaxt, a pacxoaarca Ha .npyrHXi. pHHKaxt. 

Ha pa#y ct peMecjraMH bt> 9jiLMHpcK0fl TropLMi oTBe^eHO nrapo- 
Koe Mtcro padoTaM'B seaueAiJiB^ecKHM'B h o6y^em» hmpl, rzr qero 
npn Hefi cymiecTByrorL ofinrapHiia nojta. 

Bi sas^od HcnpaBHTe-iLHofl TroptMi, KOTopua bc4 OTaMHBaroTca 
napoHi> t mrferoTca KynajLHiifi CaccetaB h rHMHacrmecKift sax*. Dfep- 
BMfi H3i> HHxt aaen. bosmojkhoctb 3aKj»qeHHtiMT> KynaxBCH h ynpaa- 
jkhjjtbcji vl njaBamH bx Te^eHin Bcero rofla, a BTopoft— e*e,HHeBHyio 

B03MOSHOCTL BaHHMaTbCH Bt OnpefltjeHHOe BpeMH rHMHaCTHKOfi H 
BOGHHblMH ynpaJKHenkMH, KOTOpHH Be^yTCH HOJKOBHHKOMT, H AByMfl 

noAiHHeHHHMH eiiy o^nn.epaMH. Ha Treme bi> jtexbaxb KHHn> h3*b 
TiopeMHofi CnfijioTeKH saMroHeHHHMt eaeAHeBHo BeqepoMt npe.no- 
craBxaeTca ojpuvh ^act. 

EejTLH Bl HCnpaBHTeJBHHXt TroptMaXl paSJH^HUX'B pa3MipoBT> 
fl BT> H&KOTOpUX'B H3T> KBXb MO»eTC> nOH^U^aTLCA HiCKOJCbKO SaKJClD- 

qeHHUxii (5, 7, 9). CoBMtcTHoe coaHTejftCTBO npe^CTaBjaeTca Ha- 
rpaaofi; e» nojtt3yi)Tca tojbko saiuriraeHHiie nepBaro Kiacca. KaiBH 
no&iiKEBXb oflHHaKOBH ct KeaBflMH Bcixt ocrajLHHX'B ct t6mt> JHlEb 
paB-fH^ieMt, hto 8aKJK)qeHHUMT> BHcmaro Kjacca (bi> ncnpaBHTen- 
hlixx TDpLHaxt npHM^HJieTCA CHCTeMa pacnpeA^eHia Ha Rjaccu, 
ocHOBaHHaa Ha CHcreiii otm^tos'l) AOSBOjaeTca caMHMt Me6jmpoBaTL 
h oficTaBJHTL hxt> no CBoeMy BKycy (noEynaTL Me(5ejB, rpaBropu, sa- 
boabtb ub4th, atHBOTHHX'b h npoi.) Ha cpe^cTBa, nojy?aeMHA on> 
hxi> 3apa6oTKa. Bx h4kotophxt> ncnpaBHTejibHux'B TropLMaxi. cym;e- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 37 — 

CTByero aase h4tto bt> poff& kjj6obt> wa 3a&iHrceHHHXB, ho Tanae 
Bucmaro Kiacca, npHSHaHHUxi, 3acjry»HBiHHMH HCKJrroiHTejBHHX'B 
HarpajHT>. Boo6me bt> HcnpaBHrejiBHNXB TropBBiax'B AaiepHKH rocnofl- 
CTByerb totb npinnjHirB, mro fliuraiomie SHepraraHa ycHJria et» ncnpa- 
BjeHiD sacjysHuaiOTB ^ HCKarorarejiBHHX'B noompemfi, KOTopuaBoa- 
Bumaiort ero bt» co6ctb6hhhx'b r-nasaxi, h cTHMyjmpyHxnb kx aajB- 
ErfefimHMi> ycBudflM'B bt> tomt> ate HanpaBjremH. 

Bt> KaqecTBi ^Hcn.HnjraHapHirx'L Mipt Moryrt 6htb ynoTpe6jaeMH 
h rkiecHiia Hasadama, ho ohh npHMinaioTca kt> Tasi> HaauBaeMUMi 
„HeHcnpaBHMUM'L u , no^ieacam,HMi> nepeBOfly bi neHHTemjiapm. 

Yc-ioBHoe ^ocpoHHoe ocBofioawme Ha cjobo, cnpaBe^JHBO pa.3- 
CMaTpHBaeMoe KaKt oaho hst, MorymecTBeHHiflnrax'B cpe^crBt ncnpaB- 
jieHia, npaKTHEyeTCA npenitymecTBeHHo bb HcnpaBHTejLHUxt tidpb- 
Maxt, npBH6Mi> ocBo6o»^aeiruM , B, .no bosmoshocth, npmcKHBaiDTca 
sa&aria, *ro He npeacraBJcaeT'L oco6hx , b saTpy^HOHift, noTOMy iro b"b 
AMepmrfe ho cymecTByen> Tanoro npe.nyCiac.neHiJi npoTHBi> 'ropeMHHX'B 
Bunyn^eHHHKOFL, KaKoe cymecTByerB, Hanp., bo $paHnJH. Cara kom- 
HepcaHTu h npoMumjeHHHRH o6pam;aiDTca kx HaqajBCTBy TropeftrB 
hot bt> HBroiopKCKyro TropeMHyio accou,ian,iB) ct npocB6aim o peKO- 
MeH^ai^H hmb ocBo6o»flaeMHXB hbb TiopearB, noTOMy hto hmt. bh- 
IX)AHO HOJB30BaTBCH TpyAOMT. nocjri&AHHXt. 

Ycjobho ocBo6o»,fl;eHHHe HaxoflHTca Ha MicTax* no^t Ha^sopoMt 
nojuntfH h ^o6poBOJLHHx r B none^rrejefl (temporary guardians), koto- 
pue flocTaBjjnoT'B o hhxt> eaceMicaiHiae oTqera bt» TeopBMy. 

Gyff>H HanpaBjarort ocyamaeMHxi bt» ncnpaBHTejiBHHH tdpbmh, 
kslkl y»e saMineHO, ob crporHMt BHfiopoarB h hohth Bcer.ua npnro- 
BapHBaixrB TaKOBuxi, Kt maximum'y HaitaaaHia 3a aaHHoe npecryn- 
jfeme. HanaJKTBy t»pbmh npeAOCTaBjraeTca coiepamaTB HaaHaqeHHHtf 
epoK* h, bshbihh o6tm;aHie Bt xopomeM'B noBe^eHm, cHaqajia ycJOBHO, 
a sarfeMt h oBomaTeJiBHo ocBofoamaTB saKjJoieHHHXi. 

BnpoieifL, cy^tH HHor.ua ompaBjaDTi bi> ncnpaBHTejbHua tk>pbmh 
h Ha onpe^ijeHHHft cpoKt (He Merfje ro^a), ho bto 6uBaerB cpaB- 
HHTejrBHo otchb pi^ao. Tairb, rsi o6m;aro TOcaa saKjno^eHHUxt bt> 
3jBMHpcEy» TropBBiy ao 1893 r. tojbko 400 ^ej. 6ujh 3aKJH)HeHu 
Ha onpe^ijieHHufl cpoKt (difioite sentences) 6151 toji. Ha cpoKi>, bb 
cyn^HOCTH, ho onpe^fejieHHiift (indifinite sentences), t. e. &o BpeaieHH 
ycjoBHaro ocBo6oaA6Hia, a, bb cjiy^ai Hey^OBjeTBopHTejBHocTH no- 
Be^eHui, jsfl HCTenema Bcero MascHMajBHaro cpoBa, HasHa^eHHaro bb 

ffpHTOBOpt. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 38 — 

XopomHMi, noBe^eHieMt 3aKjroieHHHfi Moaen> coKpaTHTB cpoKL 
CBoero npe6uBaHw bt> TropBMi, go bc4mh nepexojaMH no paain^HHirB 
KJiaccaMi,, flfi OAHoro ro^a h bhUth orryfla ct SHameMt peMecia h 
ct> HiKOTopHMi sanacoMi. A^HerL. HanpoTHBi>, npn aypHOMT* noBe- 
AeHiH oht» no^jeatHTL nepeBo^y bt» neHHTeHn,iapifi, r#fc yae joj- 
seHii ot6htb HasHa^eHHufi eMy MancHMajBHufi cposi Hasasama 6e$B 
bchkhx'b coKpamemfi. 9ra CHcrena, pasciHTaHHaa Ha caMOfliaTejB- 
hoctb aaRiro^eHHHXt, o^chb MorymecTBeHHo Bjiaert Ha hhxt». Hs* 
oT^eTOB'B bhaho, tto HiiKOTopue ocyameHHHe flaae npocan, cyni 
HanpaBHTb hx-b bx neHHTeHiqapifl, rfli ohh npo6y^;yn» HanepeAi 
crporo onpex^ieHHufi cposi h npH tom* He MaKCHM&iBHiifi (bt» neHH- 
TeHujapiH cy^BH oChkhobchho ho npHcyayjaron. Ha MascHMajBHBie 

CpOKH). 

TasoBa CHCTeMa aMeprntaHCKHXt HcnpaBwraiBHHX'B TJopeani wbea 
Han6ojie ochobhhxx qepTaxt. HHflHBHflyajrasaijui, nrapoRoe hojbso- 
BaHie co^iflcTBieM'B npHpo^HHrx'B cnoco6HocTefl, BKycoBt h BjeieHift, 

6AHTejIBHBlfi Ha^80p*B H H3y^6Hie ABHSeHift, HpOHCXOAfflD^HXT. fl jaymi 
SaKJD^eHHHXt, H HOCTOAHHHA BOSjtf&CTBifl, paCTOTaHHHfl Ha HpaB- 

CTBeHHufi noAteM'B — TaKOBH rjaBH^ftnda oco6eHHoera ncnpaBHTejB- 

HOft CHCT6MU BTHXt TiOpeBTB, BOTOpUA, OTOBHflHO, CTOOTB Ha B^pHOMl 

nyrn. B* HXfc npaKTH^ecKoft A*HTejn»HocTH Moryra cymecTBOBaiB 
tfojBinie mjh MeHBinie He^era h norpiunHocTH, ho caMtie npHmjann 
CHdeMU HecoMHiHHO BipHu h HJO^OTBopHH. Bci, saBiiTOeMHe Ha 
npaKTHK'fe, He^ocTaTBH noartayromeio xfejrrejBHOCTBK) h yen jIhmh Bcer^a 
Moryro 6htb ycrpaHeHu; Ba»HO, tto6h caMHA Ha^aja cncreMU, vb 
saRHxi 6u saTOTOiHHX'B (jwpMaxt 0Ha He npo^Bj^jacB Ha npas- 

THKi, 6HJIH HpaBHJBHH, a 8THKB H OTJOraaHXTCa HCnpaBHTeJBHHJi 
TK>pBMH Bl AMepHKi. 

Rowewb M. Yvon BH8Bajn> oaHBieHHiw npema vb sacfcAaHiaxi 
o6m,ecTBa, bo Bpeiui BOTopuxi* 6kjtl uorrstl Bonpoct o6i» y^pes- 
^eHHHxi ci» 1865 r. HcnpaBHraiLHuxt cixkieHiaxt (quarters 
damendement) bo (ftpajmyscraxi T»pLMaxi>. Bt hhxi HOMimarorB 
nepBiniHo ocyjsfteHHHX'B h npn tom-l noaaromnxB Ha^eayty Ha ncnpaB- 
jeme, o tomte* .saiuroqaroTL no CBi^HiaMx, co6npaeMUMT> wb cy^axt, 

OTL CBAIII.eHHHBOKB, HOJHI^eflCBHXX BOMMHCapOKB, MOpOBt H HO JOFl- 

hum-l Ea,6ix>fl t emm r b T»peMHofi a^MHHHCTpan.m. HoMimaeMHe bt> 
HcnpaBHrejBHHa oT^ijema (tslrxh orj&xema cynnecTByHxrB a&iobo He 

BO BCixt TDpBHaXl) 06oC06jflIDTCa OTL npOIHXfc 3aKJO0^eHHHXT»- 

^nem, ohh pa6oTaK>n> coBirtcTHO, a Ha hohl pascal/res. Hitb 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 39 — . 
npeAocraBdUieTcs bt» 6ojie mnpoKofi irkpi nojasoBaTBca ssnraMH H8i> 

TH)peHHOfi 6H6jiOT6KH H TOU^e otfMiiHHBaTBCa HHCBMaMH Ct HXX 
CeMLAMH. 

OraocHTejBHO hojbsh, npraocHMofi HcnpaBHrejBHNMH OTfliueHitf- 

MB, MWi>ElH BO <&pafflUH 3HaiHTejBHO p03HOTCtf. BuBDlift TBDpeMHHM'B 

HflcneKTopoM'B, a BnocjrfwriBiH AHpeKTopoM-L M. Bosc bo Bpeiitf npe- 
mft coo6u^hji'b, hto oht> y^pe^HJTB npn T»pi>Mt b'b Beaulieu wa nep- 
bhtoo ocysAeHHuxi Ha Bpemi CBume o^Horo ro#a &o Tpexi> jrfcrb 
mojoauxi jroaefi oco6oe OT#&JieHie h nojyrar& bt> H6Mi> casme 
.lyqinie pedyju/raTii. Taicie ace pesyjbTaTH noayiajTB ohb Bnocjrfyi;- 

CTBiH, 6y^yHH yae TBOpeMHHM'B .pipeKTOpOMl*, B'B HCUpaBHTeJIBHOM'B 

oT^fejieHiH b*b Clairvanx. SaiunD^eHHae BToro OTfl'fc.ieHia, Bi»npoTHBo- 

nOJOJKHOCTL APyrHlTB SaBJOTeHHUArB T»pBMU, B6JH COfijI O^eHB XO- 

pomo, noTra He noflBeprajiHCB flHcijHiiiHHapHHM'B HaKasaHuurB h ocbo- 
6oxjij8LJECh m% TropBMH 6ojbmeiD toctb© bt> nywix'B noMHjoBaHia: 
(grace) hjoi ocBofioaaema otl naKaaama (remises de peine), npHieira 
B03BpaTH B'B T»pBMy TaKHX'B JiHfli'b 6wjh secbHa pi^ra: Ha 500 — 600 
iej., BHOBb nonaBmnxt b'b TiopbMy, 6uzo ho fiojrfee 10 hjh 12 near. 
Otojib ae 6jiaronpiOTHHe pesyjibTaTH 6hjh Bnocjrt^CTBiH nojiyqeHH 

M. BOSC H B'B HCnpaBHTeJBHOM'B oTAijemH »eHCK0ft TlOpbMU. 

IlpH oficyaaeHin Bonpoca 061. ncnpaBHTejbHHX'B OTtfkieHiax'B, 
aiea^y npoqsurB, 6ujlo yRaaaHo, hto ycnixaiTB #kia HcnpaBjjema bo 
4>paHuy3C£HX , B TH>pBMaxi> bi 3Ha^HTej[BH0fi Mip4 npen^TCTByerB He- 
jocraToraaa noaroroBjeHHOCTB (MwrbiHHHCTBa TiopeMHHX'B a,piHHHCTpa- 
TopoB'L n HaflSHpaTejieft h ycraHOBHBineecji Meaay hhmh CKenraqecKoe 
oTHomeHle kb CBoefi safari*, 6jaro^ap« KoropoMy ohh HOTeroHeA'fc- 
jaixrB jywi HcnpaMeHia saK-ooqeHHHX'B h hotth He Biparb bi bos- 
HoaHocTB ero, a HiKOTopue #aae HacMinuraBO oTHOcaTca b'b hohht- 
sairB CBameHHHKOB'B BjdaTb Ha apecTaHTOBi* nyTeMi, tfeci.n'B h yBi- 
mfl,Bi&. Bujeo yicasaHO Tanae h Ha cpaBHHTexBHyro MaaoracjieHHocTb 
bo (j^paei^yscKHx-B TropBMax'B HaflSHpaTeaeft, KOTopue, yae BCxfc^cTBie 
CBoeft qncjeHHod HeflocTaTOTOocra, He Moryro B'B aojiaHoft M r 6pi 
BJ&arb Ha saKJHrceHHHX'B. CpaBHHBaa bt> btomx oTHomemn $paHn,iio 
ctb AMepmcoft, M. Goufrfes saMiraxB, ^to vl nocjrfyjHefi Bonpocy o6i> 
HcnpaBjemH, sacjryaHBaron^eMy caaiaro HanpaaeHHaro BHHMania, npH- 
AaxxrB ropasAO 6ojrtmee sHa^eHie, Heaejm bo $paHn,in, h ^to b-b Hefi 
ropasAo ncwke co3HaroTT> B o6n^ecTBeHHoe sHaqeme qecTHaro qejroBiKa". 

TropeMHHfi ohhtb noKasHBaerB, tto 3asjK>qeHHuxi npaKTnqecKH 
MoaHo no^pa3AtJHTB Ha Tpn xaTeropin: 1) ucnpaeuMwe (no6ojibmefi 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 40 — 

qacTH BnepBue nona^aiomie bb TropBMy); uudwfiepeHmHtte, otjihtoi)- 
niieca maTKoro cob4ctb» h Ha cbo6o#& BnaAaromie Bee bt> hobum h 
hobbm npecrynjrema n, 3) neucnpaeuMbte (incorigibles), ycrofiwBiie bo 
3jt& h pasBpanjaromie bc4x:b, 6jhsko ct> hhmh conpHKacaK)m,Hxca. 
J^ia othxb Tpext KaTeropifi npewarajocB y*pe*HTb h TpoaKaro poAa 
MicTa sa&raraeHla ct pa3jnraHHMB peawmoMB h AHCiunuraHoft. ^h- 
peKTopt T»ptMu Kb Goillon'i cooOmnjiB npn 9tomt> ipesBina&HO 
HHTepecHue <f>aRTH. Haceaeme tidpbmn, no ero caoBairB, bb Hacroa- 
m,ee Bpeaia coctohtb yate ho hsb rfext saeMeHTOBB, hsb kotophxb 

OHO COCTO&JO flfi&fflBLTb J&TB TOMy Ha8aA*B. HhCJCO pen,H^HBHCTOBT> B08- 

pacTaen> bt> yaKacaroin.eii nponopiun. 9to saBHCHTB oroacrH otb Baia- 
flifl aaKOHOBx o(fo> ycaoBHOMB ocy&AemH h aocpotooicb ocBofoacAOHra, 
soTopue yMOHBrnanrb bt> uaccii TiopenHaro Haceaema <racao jhivl, 
BnepBiie nonaBnrax'B bb TropBMy, ho cymecrByroTB h .npyria npmiHHH. 

YBBIH^HBaeTCA 1HCJO JHI^Tb, KOTOptlMB n HpaBHTCa TIOpLMa H KOTOptlfl 

»eaa»TB npoBecra Bt Heft »h3hb cbok>". 3aKOHB o peijHAHBHCTaxB 
yAaaaaB h yAaaaerB MnonwB H3B hhxb bt, ccturey, ho w npHBi«- 
HHBH a T»pLMH Hsotipiun ABa cneijiaaBHHXB npecTynaema, sa coBep- 
meme soTopuxi He ccHaarorB, — ocKoptfaeme cy^eft h pasfiffrie pe- 
Bep6epoB*B. Ha HaceaeHie in> 750 qea. 8aBJH)^eHHBixi> aHin>, eoBep- 
hihbiiihxb 9th npecrynaeHia, npnxoAHaocB 147 ?ea. Ob nepBaro 
aroapa 1886 r. h no 30 ceHra6pa 1894 r. ocysAeHHHXB sa ocsopti- 
aeme cy^efl bb oahoB Goillon'cBofi t»plm4 nepetiraaao 315 nea. h 
243 near. 3a pas6HTie peBep6epoBB, a Bcero 558 iea., cpeAHifi bos- 
pacTL 9thx2> amp* paBHaaca 35 roA&Mi», 5 irtc h 4 ah* 06maa 
npoAoaaorreaBHOCTB Ha8Ha?6HHHXB hmt> HasasaHifi paBHaaacB 1375 
roAfun*, 2 irtc h 16 ah., a cpeAHaa npoAoaaaTeaBHOCTB HaKasama 
Ka»AOMy hst* hhxtb — 2 roAairB, 5 arte, h 17 ah. 06m;ee <mcao npeA- 
mecTByroiUHXB ocya^emfi paBHaaocB 4,989 hjh bb cpeAHOBn. 9 ocya- 
AefiriairB Ha RasAaro; ofimaa npoAoaatHreaBHOCTB npeAmecTByiomHi-b 
3aEJiK)^eHifi bt> TfopbMi — 1904 roAaMi, 10 Mic. h 21 ah. hjh bt> 
cpeAHeMi> 3 roAaan h 5 M'bcauaMT>. Bo mo ate, cnpaniHBaeTca, 060- 
dlihcl o6n;ecTBy tojk>ko sth 558 jihi^i. (a ckojibko, cnpaniHBaeTca, 

TaEHXB Wb Apyi'HXT> TDpBMaXB?!), eCJH UOACHHTaTB TdRSe H CTOHMOCTB 

oxpaHu otb hhxb, hxt> npeABapHTOJBHaro 3aBjre>?eHia h bc4xt> ocys- 
Aemfi, a rfeMB 6ojhe, ecjH npHC?HTaTB emp h bcd cyMMy BpeAa, bo- 
o6nte, npH^HHeHHaro hmh o6mecrBy?! 

ElpHBeA6HHHa i^h^ph, no CBHA^TeaBCTBy AHpexropa, nocroaHHo 
Bee yBejfflHHBaronMaca, ao«rhh cjysHTB cepBeBHHMB npeAOcrepese- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 41 — 

mem* h BusiiBaTB Ha pasMUHueHiJi. Ohh, noBH&HMOMy, jicho yKa- 
suBaiDTB Ha Heo6xo r a,HMOCTL npaBHwiLHofi nocraHOBKH xbjm HaRasa- 
flia bt> cMUCjrfe flifiCTBHTejBHaro orpaameHia hmt> o6m,ecTBa ott> 
aia npecrynxeHk fl jraifb y#e HapoAHBmHxai npecTynHHKOB'B. Ho 
CToro Majo. Ha paay ob paijioHajBHO opraHHSOBaHHHMt HasasameifB 
h6o6xoahmu hm*ph npeflynpeavjema, HanpaBjreHHua npoTHBt 6ojrfce 
OTAajeHHUXi npflraraB npecTyuHOCTH. Ojai bhoxh^ aHejocTaToraua 
h ocKjxbjma* HaTypu, Hecnoco6HU* ca^McTBOBaTB npeycnl&Hii) 
o6mecTBa, Moryrt a&ultb npeAMerom* cbohxi aeMHuxt aejamfi 

B03MOXHOCTb SH3HH BT> TDpBMi. B% 6UTH0CTB CBOK) BO $paHltfH, H 

nocfemat Goilloo h BHHMaTejBHO npHCMaTpHBajca kb Haxo^ameftca 
TaMt t»pbm4, ea nopfl^saM'B h HacejieHiD h Mory CBHAiTejBCTBOBaTB, 
qxo vb KaiecTBt SHBHeHHaro Hjjeajia— oHa neiajBHuft h yapyqaio- 
mift HAeaji,. TaBod H^eajx Moacerc> MaHHTB kt> ce6i tojbko jik)A6S, 
Koropue jhiho, a 6htb noaen> y»e h HacjrbACTBeHHO, yTparajra H6- 
o6xo f a r HMy» pa 6opti6u 9Hepriio, pacTepajra 8HaraTeju>Hyio toctb 
jry^nraxi> saqecTBB qaaoBtKa h noTOMy CTajH Hecnoco6HH »htb cbo- 
6o^ho» h hojhod shbhbd bt> cesLbi h o6m,ecTB > b. 

Kii Bonpoey o i^&hbocth i npoHcxofltjeHiH npiOuji Ha 

KaDHTajTL. 

(OmetbMb t. Hpomomy). 

He sejame CBecrn jhtouo c^era cb jHTepaTypHUMt upothbhh- 
komt>, a HHrepecu Haynn, i$xh HCKaHia hcthhh h ncnpaBjeHia sa- 
6jy2BAeHui aacraMnionb Hacx bsjjtbch sa nepo. 

Mu He tiy^eifB roBopHTB o kphthtockhx'b npieMaxi> r. flpoijKaro 
h He 6yA6irL OTBiraaTB Ha bc4 HanajKH ero, H8JO»eHHHH 6ojn>ineK) 
qacn>K) bt» nrpaBOML toh4, noApaaaTB BOTopuMfc mu He qyBCTByewB 
hh Majiififflaro acaiama; mu KOCHeMca jhihb oTHomeHia r. Jlpoiptaro 
h Hamero kb TpyaoBOfi Teopin u^hhocth, san^HTHHKOMt KOTopofl ohi» 
BUcryniurB ws> Ka^ecTBi qacTflaro onnoHeHTa Ha HameMx AHcnyrb, a 
Tarate h bt> CBoeit nocj&KBe& peijeHsia Ha Haniy Krary 1 ). 

Boraoe TBep^oe yfiiataeme, bt> HayKi-jra, bt> o6jiacTH-JiH HpaB- 
cTBeHHoft hjh pejnrioBHofi, vb A&iax*B-JH ofin^ecTBeHHUxt caMO no 
ceffb bt> Bucmeft cTenenn no^TeflHO h »ejraTejBHo; jk>ah fiesi y6tat- 
Aemfi sajiBH n hhhtoshu. Ho Kor.ua yfiia^eHie npio6p4Taen> xapax- 

*) Cm. atypH. lOpw. 06m., bh. V 1896 r. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 42 — 

rap's cypoBaro OTpnuama BcanoH bphthrh h xfcjraercA p£sRO Herep- 
iihmnmt, no OTHomemi) kt> qyanMi uwkniswb, Torja oho BupomjaeTca 

B*B CJrfcnofi (JmHaTHSftfL. 

TaK-L h y HacL bt» Poccin ynemn HtKOTopuxt h%ik)6j6hhuxx 
nncaTe-iefi no.iyqn.ni npeofaajaDmee 3Ha?eme bt> o&iacrn couiajb- 
huxt> HayKi, cpejn ROTopuxi ho nocrbAHee Mfecro npnHa&ireaurrT. 
Mapncy. Bee, ito npoTHBopirarb pass. ycTaHOBHBnraMca BsrjUAam* 
TaKHXi ({>aHaTHKOB^, BCHKaa nouiiTKa Kt caMocTOflTejbHOMy Hiinuemi) 
h kb KpHTHKt Hxi Bosspiraifi — BCTpiiaeTca BaRi npecryMeme, KaKT» 
yacacH&n epecL, TaRt tto hobojilho BcnoMHHarorca npoTHBHHRH rajnuea, 
oTpKuaBniie BcaByro bo3mo»hoctl Bpam,eHia seMin „per fhe oei libri 
saiiti scritlo mai non fu u . Meamy rbwb wl nayR-fc caiiaa arkiaa, ca- 
Maa Aep3Kaa nonuTKa r* KpHTHKi o6menpn3HaHHHX , & noMTifi jojauaa 
uiHHTbca ropasAO Bunie, nim caMO^OBOJBHufi RBi9TH3Mi> ynopHuxt 
cToponHRKom, ycTaptjiuxt TpaxHuift h cjrtnoe npoRAOHenie nepe^i 
aBTopHTeraMH, 6e3B03BpaTHo ocya,a;eHHoe bt> Mujh cpe^HeBiKOBUxt 
cxojacTHKOBTi h yBu! B03poaAa»meeca cpejn coBpeiieHHiix'B pyccKHXt 
nowraTejeft HOBaro aROHowroecRaro noli me tangerc — Kapja Mapxca. 

Kt> qncjy <f»anaTH?ecRHXi> npHBepacem^Bt TpyaoBoft Teopin i$h- 
hocth npHHaweairrL r. JlponRifi, Bejn«iaK>mift 9to yqeme qyrb jra 
ho THTaHOMt h npeflCRasHBaroinift eiiy 6jecTamyio CyaymHOCTB. Ho 
btotb THTaffB, 3TOTB rojoccx Ha rjHHflHuxx Horaxt pyxHera CRopfce, 
t6mi> Moacerh 6htl r. JIpoijRifi npeAnojaraera. Bi sanaflHoI EBponi 
9Ta Teopia yme bcIjmh yqeHHMH OROH^aTejBHO ocraBjeHa ! )hbi Poc- 
cin e^BajH aojiro npoaepanTca. 

Ho o6paTHMca rt> caaiofi TpyAOBoi Teopin u,4hhocth h kl Haraefi 
KHnrfc, cocraBJiaromefl, no MfffcHiro r. ApoijRaro, AORasaTejbCTBO on. 
npoTHBHaro bi nojtsy TpyaoBoft Teopin. HanpacHo r. JIpoijRift cra- 
paeTCJi BTOwKROBaTB ^HTaTeji), 6yjflro npieMH Hamero racrbAOBaHui 
HeyAOBjeTBopnTejbHH. flpaBHJLHocTb Hamero cnoco6a mcxtnohamn 
aBCTByert ns* cj4,nyi>maro. 

Xora uu h He Ba^aBajncL bt> HamearB coinHemn cneu,iaxBHoS 
i$jlid KpnTHROBaTB ipyflOByio Teopiro, xora mu RpnTHRi drofi Teopin 
yxbrnxn BecLMa mmo Micia, rkwb He mewhe mu aojshu 6um npe^- 



l ) 1st endgillig verworfen, cm. HandwOrterbucb Conrad'a, Bun. nocrfe^Hifi, crp. 
689. drorb jeKCHKOHi H3AaeTca m> coTpyAHHiecTB'B Bctxt HSBicTBiftimixi bkoho- 

MHCTOBl 3. EBpOHU H, nOHJTTHO, MH BIipaVB 60XB6 lOlApmb HMl, itlll r-BJ fipOB;- 
WMyr 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 43 — 

BH^fcTL BCflKia B03pa«eHL8 CO CTOpOHU Upe^CTaBHTeJiei BCeBOBMOHlHHX'B 

HanpaRieHifi bt> Teopm i$hhocth. Bt> HHCjrfe othx-l BospaaceHid mm 
npexBHA^JH h Boapaseme ctopohhhkob-b Tpy^oBoft Teopin h npHHajra 
cooTB^TGTByDiiqji M4pH. Tpy^OBaa Teopia i$hhocth BpamaeTca b*b 
saKOiAOBaHHOMx Kpyri TaKHXB paacyaaemfi: „1) Bucora wfeHOBofi 
n.'feHHOCTH ^aHHaro 6-iara saBHCHTB orc> 3aTpaTu Tpyna Ha ero npoH.3- 
bojctbo. Earn h BCTpfriaiOTca cayman, Korja BucoTa m4hoboA iv&h- 
hocth He nponopuioHajiLHa saipaTi Tpy^a Ha hpohsboactbo, to 3to 
josmh BpeMGHHHa yKJOHefida otb cpe^Haro HopMajibHaro ypoBHa i$h- 
hocth, OHpeA^JHeMaro 3aTpaTOfi Tpyaa, h saBHCOTb bth yKJOHema 
on» KOJie6aHifl cnpoca h npe^oaeHia, ho bb otfmeirB h cpeflHeM-B 
BweoTa MiHOBofi i$hhocth Bcer,n;a 3aBHcnn> otb saTpaTU Tpy^a b-l 
npoH3Bo,a,CTBi. 2) 13ph6llil Ha RanHTajn* ho bxoahtb cocraBHoio qa- 
ctbk) bt» uiHHOCTL npoayKra, npoHSBOAHuaro cb noMonjBiD KairaT&ia, 
h6o BanHrajTB He mrherh caMocrojrrejBHoft npoHSBOAHTejBHofi chjih; 
npoHSBOAHTejBHaji caia npncyma JiHnn> Tpy^y, a KamaTaxB Moacen. 

C006lUHTB npHTOTOBUieMOMy H8*B Hero npOftyKTy JHH1B itfiHHOCTB, COOT- 

BiTCTDyt>iu,y» aaTparfc Tpy.ua Ha npoHSBOflCTBO caMoro Ranfrrajia, no- 
TOMy hto . . . . BHCOTa ir&HOBoft e$hhocth Bcjraaro 6jrara, acjrfcao- 
BaxeiBHO h KanHTua, saBHCHTB orb saTpara Tpy^a bb npoHSBO^- 

CTB& a H T. fl. OHATB C*B HaTOJia. 

*Ito6h pasopBaTB 8to MarnnecKoe bojebi^o, hto6h bhAth H3B 9Toro 
aopowaro Kpyra, Ha^o 6hjio ynoTpefinTb hmghho totb npieirB, kt» 
KOTopony a npHfiirayxB. CHa?a*a Ha^o 6hjto onpoBeprayTB nepByro 
<iacn> BumeHSJoaeHHaro pa3cy»fleHiH, He KacaacB ero Bropofl qacra, 
t. e. Bonpoca o tomb, bxo,hhtb-jh hph6hjib bb cocTasi. i$hh hjh 
Hin>, a 8a t4mt> yae otipaTHTBca kt> pas6opy Bropofi iacrn (wo h 
6yAen> Hcno-oeHo fl 3 h 4 BunycRax'B aioeft rhhth). Ho ecjra mh 

XOTHMt AOKaSaTB, HTO HO HCKJDTOTeJEBHO OTB BaTpaTH Tpyfla BaBHCHTB 
BHCOTa M$HOBOfi I^HHOCTH, H BB TO «e BpeMfl »ejaeMl> H36i»aTB 

ACHBaro cysAema o npoHCXoa^eHin npn6Hjra, to ksjpb ae HHane 
MOseMi mu nocTynHTB, KaK-B He hphhotb noHarie HS^epaeKi. npons- 
BOACTBa 8a HiKift hecb. fl^aToro, wro6u HiKOTopue cjehtkom-l apue 

CTOpOHHHKH Tpy^OBOft TOOpia He MOrJH CHOpi, BJUmiH HOJeBHOCTH 
H CpaBHHT6JBH0fi pftffOCTH Ha BHCOTy Mi HOBO fl U,iHHOCTH CBeCTH KB 

cnopy o upoHCXOs^eHiH hph6ujh, a cnopx o npoHCxoa^emn npH- 

6HJIH,-Hao6opOTB, KB CHOpy BHCOT* MiHOBOfl l$HHOCTH BOOfi^e— 

hh saflBHJH: n nona mh He BOsfiya^aeM'B Bonpoca o toacb, Bxomrb 
hjth ne bxo^htb npHfittiB pa^owh cb saTpaTOK) Tpy,a;a bt> cocTaBB 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 44 — 

HS^epaeK'B npoH3Bo#cTBa. TaK?> Basi mh roBopnHi* o BjiwHin noies- 

HOCTH, CpaBHHTeJLHOft piyflTOCTH H HSAepseKB HpOHSBOACTBa Ha BH- 

coTy MiHOBoft niiHHOCTH h cpaBHRBaeafb Mex^y co6ok> Bjiame 9thxb 
homohtob'b, to dema,M>HHu Bonpocb o cocraBi H3^epateKt npoHBBOA- 

CTBa MH tWtta OCTaMAeHT. OTKpUTUMX" 1 ). 

Tocno.piH'B-se JIpoijKifi ynunueHHO CKpaAHBaert moh ysasam* 

Ha TO, WTO HS^epSSH npOHSBO^CTBa OCTaBXODTCA BT> bh#& HtKOToparo 

HKca tojilko nom> *o ycTaHOBjema TeopiH hph6euh Ha Kanirrajn>. 
CoBepmHB'B 9to r. ilpoiquft upoBOBMamaerb, too „r. 3axbcsifi 
ocTaBJuerL wl m^b HKca caMyro cymjecTBeHHyio uctl <|>op- 
Myra a *). 

Upmrfcaff a pastinpaeMitft npieMi>, EaRi> cpeacrBo aHaouraa, h cosep- 
meHHo ycTpamui Ha BpeM* Bonpoci o npHGiura, Ran> cocTaBHOfi ^a- 
cth HSjepaeKL nponsBoacrBa, mu ycraHOBHJH bt> nepBHXi* XByra 
BHnycRax'B Hamero Tpy.ua crfejyromia nojoxema. 1) IIojtorhoctl ho 
ecTL tojilko cy6cTpaTB hjh ocHOBa i$hhocth, - ho h Heo6xojHicufi 
4>aKTopi>, BjkH>nufi Ha ea BucoTy. Rjkme oto saTeMHoeTCH Bjria- 
HieMx cpaBHHTejLHOfi p4abocth h m&epTRBKh npoHBBOACTBa, ho Korja 

3TH ABSL MOMOHTa OCTaBTCH HeH3M&HHH, TO BJHHie HOJeSHQCTH Ha Bil- 

COTV MtHOBOfi u^hhoctm cKaauBaeTca qpeBBHia&Ho P&3KO. 2) CpaB- 

HHTaiBHafl ptflKOCTL BXOflHTB TaKSe HeodxO.gHMUM'B KOHCTRTyTHBHHJTb 
dJeMGHTOM'B BT> U^HHOCTb BCtxt Tilt 6jaFL, KOTOpHH IipOH3BOAflTCH 

He bt> jibo6omi> KOJHqecTBt (a MHoro-JH TaKHXi» ftiarL, Koropuxt 
MoatHo npoHSBecTH ckojlko yroiHO?). Bojujhhhctbo 6-iarL no^Jeatart 
aMctbIh) ecrecTBeHHaro orpaHHiema kb KO-iH^ecTB-fc („3aK0KL npH- 

pOIH a , ROTOpilfl noqOMy-TO TaK*B He HpaBHTCJI r. JIpoii,ROMy) HHCKyC- 
CTBeHHLIXl, MOHOnOjifl — H BHCOTa M^HOBOft IffcHHOCTH TaKHXT> 6MJTh 
liaBHCHTfc QTh BCtxt TpOXl yKasaHHUX'L MOMOHTOB'B BT> HXT» pa8HO- 

o6pa8Huxi> BsaniiHuxi* KOM6HHau r kxi», noapotfHO yKasaHHUxt. 3) He 
HMittTt HHKasod u^hu pascysAOHifl o toitl, mto KOje6ame cnpoca 
h npewoaeHia jhhil BpeMeHHo otejioha iotb u4hhoctl otb ea Hop- 
MajBHaro ypoBHa, a vro bt> o6meifi> h cpe^HeirB BUCOTa u^hhocth 
saBHCHTB orb saTpaTU Tpy^a BciMt leJOBfriecTBOBrB Ha npoHSBOx- 
ctbo Bchxt 6jart, yAOBJ€TBopHion^HXT> ero noTpeCHOcrairii. Ecjh 
BOSBiieirL uiHHocTb bc4xi» 6jarT> bt, Mipi h paa^JHirB ee na ko- 
jrhoctbo AHeft Tpy^a, nocjiysHBHiaro jm hxi> npoHSBO^CTBa, to ko- 



v ) y^eeie o ^hhocth, otx. I, ran. 1-fl, crp. 36-a, bud. 2-4, CTp. 7 h 8. 
*) Kype. DpHA. 06m., Mai 1895 r., cTp. 88. 



Digitized by 



Google 



-£V 



— 4$ — 

H6?ho saEoe-HH6yAB ^acTHoe *a noayTOTca, ho bto 6y&errb npocTaa 
apHeiienraecKaa cpe^aa, ncRyccTBeHHoe OTBjeieHHoe hhcio, BOBce 
He Bupasavmee saKOHL u,4hhocth Ecjh mli cyamy ipn^pB, Bupaataio- 
npcra BOdpacrb Bcixx jouvb aaHHaro Hapofla bt> AaHHufi MOMeHra, 
pasA'bJHJi'B Ha ihcjo bc£x?> bthx'b jhu.'b, to noay^emoe nacTHoe, 
npmrtpHo 28, GyaerB cpeoHHirB BospacToarB w aaHHaro Hapoja, Ha- 
npraipt, (ftpamtysoKB, ho Bi^b 9T0H6 Cy^era BHararB, hto BCJurifl <|>paH- 
jjyst HMien> bi> Kas£ii& AaHHufi MOMeHra pobho 28 xbn> otl poayl 
3th moh nojoaema coBepmeHHO onpoBeprann> nepByn <racTB 
Binn^aHHofi <popiiyjtHpoBEH Tpy^OBofl TeopiH. I\ flpoijirifi MCMKOTL 
cb OTHHi ho corjiamaTBca, Taxse kbkb Momem* orpnuaTb jwofiofi acipo- 
HOMHiecROft 3aKOHi» hjh Teopiio 3B0jidiuh lejBJwecTBa. Ho 3to yae 
jrarooe Khxo r. flpoipKiro, h ao HayxH He othochtca 

Hto6h He ocraHaBJHBaTBC* Ha noomopori bt> Hacmameinb pas- 
6opi Tpy^oBOd Teopin — pascMorpHBCB BKpaTn.4 h BTopyn toctl yxa- 
saHHofl 4>opMyjHpoBKH, npe^BOcxH^afl Tamm otipaaoirB 3-fi h 4-ft 
BimycKH Haniero Tpyaa o npoHCxosAemn npH6u.ni. 

Bonpoct, KaKt h bt> nepBofi tocth, CTaBHTca hcho h npocTo: 
.^erB-JH ynoTpe6jeHie xanHTaja bt» nponsBo^CTBi npn6aBKy i$h- 
hocth npoAyRTa — h-ih h4ti? *) Otopohhhkh TpyaoBOfi Teopin tobo- 
psrb — BanHTan He HMiert caMocTOHTeiBHofi npoH3BO^HTejn>Hoft cmh 
h HoaTOHy He Moaen» cosmtb npn6aBKy i$hhocth m> npoflyicri. JIhiob 
Tpy^B HMten, npoH3BO#HTe.iBHyi) cajy, h oahkb jouhb Tpy#B cos^a- 
ert npH6aBOHHyi> i^ihhoctb. 

P&AKO MOJKHO BCTjrflTHTB Wb HayK* CTOJf, MaJO 060CH0BaHH0e H0J0S6- 

Hie, nponoBtAyeiioe npHTOMi, ci> TaraMi 6e3ycjoBHHin> AorMarasMoirL, 

KaKt TOJBKO TTO IJHTHpOBaHH&H Hflea HenpOHSBOflHTejlLHOCTH BaOH- 

Tajia. OropoHHHKH TpyaoBofi Teopin nojroa&HTe jbho mhotb cetta Heyns- 
BHMuara fb CBoeMi nopoiHOM'B apyrfc: ecjra bh hmt> CKaaere, tto 

BUCOTa MiHOBOft II^HHOCTH 3aBHCHTfc He HCKJD^HTOJBHO OTB BaTpaTU 

Tpyaa, to ohh 9to oTBepraion* Ha tojtb ocHOBaHin, ^to cnpocx h 
npe^ioseHie npoHBBO^HTB jihihl BpeMeHHHH K0je6amH h OTKJOHeHin, 
a KanHTajt, „BaKT> HSBicTHo", He HMierb npoHBBo^HTejBHofl chjh, 
h cji^. hph6hjtb bte» cocTaBi. ^hhocth He bxoahtt»; ecjra bh cra- 



s ) npB pa3p*meHiM aToro Bonpoca, 6y^ei-L othckaht. h Tan* cbjbho o6e3noKOHB- 
nift r. Hpoiqtaro hkci— c^htetb dph6hii» Ha B&nnTajr* wb hhcji* HSAepxesi npoH3- 
Boncraa bjh Htn»? 



Digitized by 



Google 



T.TT- 



— 46 — 

Here floaasuBaTB, qT0 KanHTaxB HMien. npoHSBOflHTejrBHyro cnjy, to 

OHH OTBiTffTB — 3TOrO He MOaeTB 6UTB, nOTOMy TTO I$HHOCTB Bc&Baro 

6jiara saBHCHrc* on. aaTpaTH Tpy.ua Ha ero npoHSBOjCTBO h, criflo- 
uaTejBHo, KanHTaxL Moaerc, jhiiib BoacraHOBHTB bt. npo^yKrt cbod 
Tpyj^OByio i$hhoctb, a npH6aBO^Hoft i^hhoc^h jaTB He Moaera, He 
oTKyaa eMy ee bsjitb. 

Ho TaBi> KaKi. noporaufi Kpyra stotb Ham pasopsaffB, TaKB 
xaK'B mu AOKasajH, *ito He ojhh HS^epaim npoH3BO£CTBa onpejfc- 

JUOffFh BHCOTy MtHOBOfl I$HHOCTH, HO HTO H n0Je3HOCTB, H CpaBHH- 

TejBHaa pi^Kom cocTaBjunorB cmoihb h pji&0Mi> HeotixoAHMUii 

KOHCTHTyTHBHHft BJeMeffFB M*HOBOft D^HHOCTH H BJUHIOTB Ha efl 

BHCOTy, to mh MorjiH 6u GBasaTb — TaKL KaKt KanHTajTb, hoao6ho 
bcakhmt. jipyrHMt 6jaraMT>, oi$HHBaeTca He tojbko no HSjepa- 
Ram npoH3Bo^CTBa, ho h no nojiesHOGTH h cpaBHHTejn»Hofl piflKOcrii, 
to npiuiaraeMHft kt> nponsBOflCTBy fijiart ohb Moaera, 6jaro£apji 

BJUJIHiH) 3THXfc flByXfc nOCJ^HHXt MOMeHTOFL, He TOJBKO BOSCTaHO- 

BHTb cboh) i$hhoctb, ho h j&Tb npH6aBoqHyro i^hhoctb. Kara Heo6- 
xo^hmo pa3yMHHMt o6pa30M*B npaxaraTB Tpy^ ki> nponsBOXCTBy, 
qro6u He ypoHHTB ntfrny cramKOMt hhsko BCii^crBie nepenpoHSBO^- 
CTBa h He no^HOTL ee cjthiiikom'l bhcoko BCjfeflCTBie HeAonpoHssox* 
CTsa, TaKi> h fl npMoaeHin xanHTaja Ha^o codioAaTB pasyimyiD 
aKOHOMiio 3aTpaTH ero Bt pas-raraHuxx OTpacjax'B, ito6u npnjoae- 
Hie Kanmaja He abhjocb y6uTO^HUMi> ara (JesnpHfiHJBHiarb, a aa- 
Baoro 6h fffeKOTopyio Buroay — npnCujiB Ha RanRTajt. 

Xota 3to pascyaaeme coBepmeHHO npaBMBHO h mu no^nncu- 
Baeincfl no^i> hhwtb hojhoio (J>aMH.iiefi, OflHaKO, cat^ya Bee TOMy ae 
panfee HaMH npaRTHKOBaHHOMy MeTO^y TOiHaro aHajraraa, mu pasfin- 
peMi> BonpocB o npoHcxoajcemn npn6ujra, He 3aTpornBaa noxa bo- 
npoca o i$hhocth, a TaKae He BacaacB o6m,eH3BicTHaro, h ao chx-l 
nopi> He onpoBeprayTaro CTopoHHHKaMH TpyAOBoft Teopin, Bospaae* 
Hia, yKasuBaromaro, tto Tpy^oBaa Teopin HenpHMnpraa ex dMirapH- 
qecKH AOKa3aHHUMT> 3aKOHOMT> ypaBHenia npn6ujn. 

KaK'L hh Tpyprat Taxan nocraBJieHHan HaMH ce64 saxau f r&Mt 
He Meflte oHa He jeaim> bh^ upexhiowh BosMoaHocm pasp^memn. 
Ha nepBuft Bsrarj^B saaercH, ito paspiniHTB Bonpoct o nponexoa- 
flemH npH6uJin Ha KanHTajrB, He KacaacB Bonpoca o h^hhocth bo- 
o6m;e, HOB03MoaHO — noTOMy tto caMufi Bonpoct o nponcxoaAemH 
npn6ujH <|K>pMyjnipyeTCfl Tain> — merh jh KarmTajrL bt> nponsBOACTBt 
npn6aBO^Hy» utbHuocmbt Ho OKaauBaeTca, ecTB oahhx cnoco6t otb*- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 47 — 

thtb Ha 8to h bi to se speita He KOCHyFbCfl o6m,aro Bonpoca I$H- 
hocth. Bc4 CTopoHHHKH TpynoBofi Teopra eflHHorjracHo cxo^arca BT» 
Ton, too Tpyn-B HMten, npoH3BOflHTejBHyi) cMy, 6-iaro.napa boto- 
poi Hpnjoaeme ero m> npoHSBo^CTBy aaenb npH6aBO^Hy» a*hhoctl 
trh npo^yKT*. OraocHTejiBHO ae Kannraja KaTeropn^ecKHMt tohobtl 
HeocnopHMaro aBTopHTera samaaeTca, too obtb npoH3BOflHTejn>Hofl 
cniu He HMierL h hm4tb He Moaera. 

M bott> mm BonpocL o npoHcxosAemH npn6ujH nocraBHHt TaEi>: 
HeuMtberm au nanumcuh manou otce npouseodumeAWoA euAU^naKb u 
mpydh? OraiTB h6comh4hho 6y^en» yTBepaHTe-iiHHi, noroBiy too, 
noBTopmrL em,e pasi*, piflEO mojkho BCTptTHTB wh Hayici (forte 6eB- 
AOKasaTeaLHoe, <5o*4e noBepxHOCTHoe, HeotayiiaHHoe, (|>aHTacTHraecKoe 
yTBepsAeme, Tfem> pa36npaeMoe. Mapicc* cKasaxB, wo KanmajLHe 
cosjaert npetfaBcraofi i$hhocth, h6o KanHTajt ecn> MepTBHft Tpy^i, 
BaMnHpx, BucacHBaron^fi KpoBt h.tl atHBaro Tpy^a, h Romero, magis- 
ter dixit! 

Measly T*in> ctohtt. tojbko nOflBeprayTB noHarie o nponsBOflH- 
Tejn>Hofi cHjrt Tpyja xotji 6h caMOMy noBepxHocTHOMy aHajnsy, h tot- 
qacxate cTaHers hcho, too h KauHTa.n> HMiert TaKy» ae nponsBo- 
AHTejn>Hy» CHJiy. ^tflcTBHTejitHO, npoHSBojHTejfcHaa caia Tpyaa, co- 
rJiacHo o^HHasoBOMy onpeaiaeHiH) bkohomhctobi* Bcixi> mKOJit h Ha- 
npaBjemft, sauDqaeTCfl wb choco6hocth qeioB^sa nponsBecra bt> Te- 
TOHie Tpy^OBaro aha (far&e, h*mi noTpe6Ho Ha noaaepaHBaHie ans- 
hh. Ecjih qeJOB^KX pa6oTaerB m+n qacoBx bi AeHL h CBoe *HeB- 
Hoe npoHHTame Wb coctobhIh npio6p4crH wb m qacoBt, to bth m 
iacoBi> cocTaRarL Heo6xoAHMHft Tpy#B, a n qacoBX cocTaBart Tpy^B 
npHtiaBOTOiift, co3Aa»iu,ifi Taro HaauBaeiiyH) npHtfaBorayio i$hhoctb. 
9tott» BsraraffB wb Hayirfe ofimenpHSHaFL h Moaers 6htl TpaKTyem, 
sara aKcioMa. KanHTajT> ae EaKi, cpeflCTBO upoH3BO,n;cTBa, roBopart 
ctopohhhkh Tpy^OBoft TeopiH, Moaera wb npoijecci npoHSBo^CTBa bos- 

CTaHOBHTB CBOD CTOHHOCTB, HO npH6aBO?Hod I^HHOCTH He flaeTB. 

Bon. npoTHBi. 9Toro to nojoaeHk mh h BOSCTaem. JEcau mpych 
datum npu6aeoHnyio ufbHuocmt eh npou3eodcmeib, mo u eh manou otce 
j*n>pn> u mnumcMb daerm npu6aeoHHyioipbHHocmb. %o6h paaxacHHTB 
3to, nocMOTpHM'B, — KaKi> cosflaeTCH npH6aBoqHaA n,4HHOCTb TpyflOITB, B*B 
newb JieaHTB npirraHa stoA cboco^hocth Tpy^a cos^aBaTB 6ojrfee, wkui, 
noTpe^Ho Ha co^epaaHie TpyAHiu,aroc£ qejOBiKa? 9Ta choco6hoctl 
Tpy^a saBHCHTL ora xapaKrepa <J)H3iojorHHecKoft fltffrejBHOCTH qejo- 
B^qecBaro opraHH3Ma. Bet opraHHSMU psaxbjL&xyrui Ha pa 6ojn»mia 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 48 — 
n.apcTBa — oprarasMH pacTHrejtHue h opraHHBMH sHBOTHue. Ouraraie 

HXb C0CT0HTB BT> T08TB, MTO Vb paCTHTeJELHUXX OpraHHBMaXT. npOHO 

xoahti pacKHCJHTejiBHHe npoueccu n npeBpain,eHie dHepriH hb*b khh6- 
TH^ecRofi fyojmu bt> noTemuajBHyro, *t6 HasiraaeTca noraomemeirL 
dHepriH; a bt> shbothuxx opraHHSMaxt Kpoart pacRHCJHT&n>HUXi> 
npoAeccoBT>, cjyaanpix'B kb o6pa80BaHix) caMtixx TBanefi sHBOTHaro 
opraHH3Ma, npoHcxo^n* em,e npon,eccu OKHCJHTejBHHe, upeBpam,eHie 
noTeHi^&SBHof dHepriH wb KHHerHHecKyro, HHaqe ocBo6o»A©Hie dHep- 
riH. JIdah, Kara opraHH3MH atHBOTHue, nojyiaa vl irami sanacu 
noTemiiajBHofi dHepriH, npeBpamainrB ee bx 3Hepriro KHHeTH?ecKyv 
h ocBO^osAaeHUMH TaKHMt o6pasoMT> cHiaMH nojiBsyrorcyi a** yjOBje- 
TBopeHU cbohxt, noTpedHOcrefl; nodTOiiy TpyA& i&iOB'£qecRi& cnoco- 
6eHi> cosAaBaTB npHdaBO^Hyro i^hhoctb. Ecjh Ha AofiHBame ah6b- 
Haro nponHTama mh4 hiiao saTpaTHTB » eAHHmfb dHepriH, to ho- 
Tpefaeme dToro AHOBHaro nponHTairia Aaera mh* bo3mo«hoctb paa- 

BHTB *+« e^HHBIVb dHepriH, HpH^eifB t# eAHHHUt COCTaBOTB H6o6- 

xoxHMufi TpyAi>, BOBCTaHaBJHBaionvfl Moe ahobhoo uponHTaHie, a n 
eAHHHUTb cocTaMTi npntfaBOTOHft Tpy^ h cosA&Ayn* npH6aBoiHyi> 

n,4HHOCTB. 

Ho pan amo mean, mh uMtbeMh noAuoe npaeo cfca3amb y nmo na- 
numoM coeeptueuHO manatee cosdaetm npu6aeoHnyfo utbHHoam, kok* 
umpy&b. TpyA* mioBiiecirifi octl hhhto iraoe, Kara nepeABHaeme 
MaTepin b* HiKOTopoMt HanpasjeHiH, onpoAi-MeMOirL hsb^cthumh 
itfbuntn, t. e., cjiAOBaTaiBHO, Tpy^t pacnaAaeTca Ha AiaTejtHocTL 
ABHsymyi) h HanpaBMioii^i), HHaqe Ha cuy h jobkoctb, hjh enje 
HHaie Ha MexaHHtecKyi) patfory h yMiHte. Ilpn dTora yMcraeHHHfl 
chju qejOBisa GesiiipHO npeBoexoAart ero fyvsmecxia c&ibi — oahht> 
lejoBiurB Moaen> HanpaBjum* Kb pasyMHofi itfuH (J)H3HqecKifl Tpyx% 
thchyb j»Aefl, no Mam» pyra ^ejioBfaca ABHayrca orpoMHua xhbot- 
eha Ha deiurfe h 6e8?HCjeHHHa aejismua HyAOBnni;a Ha Mopi h Ha 
cynrfe . . . IIodTOMy aa^aqa qejioBiica cboahtca kt> nonojiHemK) hoao- 
cTaBomaro b r> ero opraHHSMi ncro^HHRa KHHOTH^ecRofi dHepriH, h oht> 
AOcrnraeT'L dToro pasHUMH nyTaMH, ynoTpedjaa A^a it*Jefi ocbo6os- 
Aema dHepriH icasie HHtfyAB eciecTBeHHue hctohhhkh ea hjh shbot* 
Huxt, buh MexaHH^ecnie ABHraTeiH. 

OpraHHSHx aHBOTHaro, Hanp., JiomaAH, BOia, BepdJDAa, cjioHa h 
t. a* nojyqaeMyK) hmt, cb nHmero kb noTeHnjiajLHofl 4>op*rh dHeprin 
ocBoCoa^aerB bi KHHeraHecKofi ^P 81 ** H T PYAT> aHBOTHaro, TaKse 
KaKi» h TpyAX HejOB^Ba pacnaAaerca Ha HeofixoAMioe paOoqee BpeMH 



Digitized by 



Google 



t* ■ 



- # - 

tf #a tfplHfiaBOTOO^, aaroiijee npnSaBoqHyE) i$hhoctl. ^HsiojormecKie 
npojojeccu $j4cb coBepmerinO Toa^ecTBeHmrf, HatopaBMibiijaa ate cnjra 

HCXOJJHTL, KOHOTHO, OTb HeiOV&JSb. 

Ho coBepmeHHo to ace aRieme HMiera> Micro h bi» pafiorf Ma- 
mHHx. MexamsirL ottnraaerca otl opramsMa, roBopHTt SHaMeHHTuft 

<f>H8i010FB 9pHCTL Bp»KKe, TOJEbKO CHOCOChOCTBK) CaMOHpOHSBOABHO 

pasBHBaTL, nouepsHBaTB h BoscraHOBjjm cboh cocraBHoa racra, 

XfiATeiBHOCTB Se OpraHHSMa CB 4>H3HKO-XHMHTCCKOft tohsh 3piHia 

cosepmeHHO aHajornroa pa6oTi MexaHESMa. OnnpaacL Ha ototb hbto- 
pHren> a coBHaBa* nojHyn cnpaBexjraBOCTB BucBasaHHod mhcjh, TaKt 
sasi» ManraHH HanpaBieHH ho#o6ho opraHHSMaMt ki> ocBo6osA6HiiD 
dHeprin, nojyroeiiofi huh b-b BH^i Tonjnba 1 ), mh ct> iiojhmm'l npa- 
bomt> uomewb csasaTB, hto EanHTajB bl to* »e Mipi o6ja,3,aera> 
npoHSBOflHTejiLHofi caiofl, sara h Tpyxi. 

CropoHHHKH TpyAOBod Teopin nporja^ijH BeJHBoe 8Ha?enie abh- 
raT&ieflBi hpohsboactbI. I\)Bopa o ManraHHOMx npoHSBoacrfci hbh- 
c^HTUBaji, Kara, orayja h kb KattHxt pasaitpaxx o6pasyeTca npntia- 
BoqHaa i$hhoctb, 3th rocno^a noM4ma»nb saiieHHufi yrojfo, apoBa, 
E&frrh h t. n. bi> ojpry pyfipmy ex TpamcaMH jura BirrapaHk Ma- 

HLHHt H MaCJOMT> pj! HXfc CMadKH, OKpemHBaKTt BC6 9TO o6wjlM'h 

EMeuewb no6oHHuxb MaTepiajOBx h roBop&ra, too, n KOHeiHO a , nofoq- 
Hue MaTepiajH BOScraHOBjarorb cbod i$hhoctb wl nponsBoacTBi. 
Qrcttja to h upoHCxoA^rB bc4 HeaopasyMima h HeBuaepatHBaiDmatf 

SpHTHSH HA6A HenpOHBBOAHTejBHOCTH KSJIHTaja. 

HTavB, KairaTajL HMiera caMocToaraiBHyH) npoHSBOAHrejBHyK) caiy 
h, cjrfeAOBaTejLHO, hph6hjb Ha KanimurB mootcerm hbmtbch pesyjiLTa- 
Tom ynacria BanHTaja bi npoHSBOAcrab h ne ecmda HBuieTCH pe- 
ByjLTaTOMx oTcineHia nacrn sapatforaoft hjwth. 



Mh npeftBHAHra MHoro o6m;6H3BicTHUX i B BospaseHifi, KOTopue 
Morynb 6htb npmr&HeHN h nporaBx naioateHHOft Hameft Teopin 
npHtiun, Hanp., „KanHTa.ri> upohsbo^htl 6ojie fijan, ho ho 6ojrhe 
n,iHH0CTH u , „ecjra bc4 6yayrL nojy^aTL paBHyio itph6ujl, T0 9To6y- 
^erL SHa^HTL, tto hhkto ea He nojyHaen> u h t. n., ho pasnipu Ha- 
crojnn;efi saM^TKH He nosBoraiyrL naM*B boSth bt> hxi pascMOTpime. 



x ) Cp. Hamy 6pomi>py „MipoBoft saaoHi i^hhocth". 
x. Dpiuu o6n. kh. vn 1895 r. 



Digitized by 



Google 




— 50 — 

PaBHHVB ofipaaOMT* MU H6 KOPJE nO^KptllHTt, HO TOfi KC JipiPffiH'fe, 

name Haioaeaie ma<J>poBHMH BuoaAKaun h npHMipaMH. Mh npej- 
noHirraeirL hchoahhtl Bee 3to Tor^a, Kor^a ktu-hhGyal H3:b Hamiix'L 

UpOTHBHHKOB'E UaCb Ha 9TO BH&0B6TL, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



oitiijimi i 

KOMMHCIOHEPA rOCy,JAPCTBEHHOft THnOITA*IH 

II II \HU<M0M 

Bt> C.-nerep6ypri h Mockb4. 

CneuiaAbHdfi npodaotca khu%%^ sanonorb u dpy\ux% uadaniu Kodwfkmar 

HioHHato OmdtbAa npu roeydapcmeennoMZ Coeibtntb, yaaKoneniti u 

pacnopsaceHM Upaeumejihcinea uecn>Xb eoo(h^e uadaniU no pyccxou 

npudunecKoii *umepamypn>. 



TOJBKO TTO OTinraiTAHH H nOCIHQUH BT> UPO&kXT. 



Affpaiovt K. kp6ctlhhckhxt> cepBHryTaxx bt, ry6epHkxi> sanaj- 
hnxx h D,apcTBa QoiBCsaro. C.-U.-E. 1895 r. IJ. 1 py6. 60 icon. 

Ajeieujipon A. $eoAajBHoe 36mctbo. Otb^tb r. 3sHOB&eBy Ha ero 
,Oiimtb H8Cjt^OBaHLff seMCKaro ycrpoftcTBa JlH^iflHXCKOfi ry- 
6epmH a . C.-ll.-B. 1895 r. £(. 60 son. 

ApMt H. IIpaBiua o nopa^irh upwaaruL h HanpaBjeHia npomemft h 
aajo(5x, Ha BuoohaAiiiee Hma uphhochmhxx, ct> HBMiHemiiMH 
Ha ocHOBamH saaoHOBi, 26 4>eBpa*a h 20 MapTa 1895 roja h 
ex npHJoaeHiein» jono.iHHraibHHXT> ysaBOHemfi. G.-Q.-R 1895 r. 
1$. 30 ion. 

Iro-xe. 06opHHKb HHcrpywjift nojoaemfl h npaBux o Bu^aii hsx 
TocyAapcTBeHHaro Bamta ccyai, cejLCBO-xo&aficTBeHHHX'L, npo. 
MUHueHHUxii h ToproBHX* ct> npHBejemeii'L jonaiHHTaiB- 
hhxt> ysaKOHemfl. C.-D.-B. 1895 r. D,. 1 py6. 

Itarjiuon I. $opini npHroBopoBt c&ilckhxx h boiocthuxx cxoaobi. 
M. 1695 r. IJ. 1 py6. 60 icon. 

Bojpeuo A. UpoTecra nepeBojHaro Besc&ui (TpaTTu) 0. 1895 r. 
D[. 20 son. 

Byire H. Chepra noiHrmso-aKOHoinraecBoft jraTepaTypu. C.-IL-B. 
1895 r. D[. 3 py6. 



Digitized by 



Google 



0BXHB1KHIX 



BucTpemffb B. 3eMejBHHfi KpeaMx h ocKy^ime. C.-II.-B. 1895 r. 
p. 25 koh. 

ijHBreJbnrrejTX B. Ohhtx H3y*eH|j| Hppjaran,iH TypsecTaHCsaro spaa. 
Cap B-#ap$H3cpnM* j&diacifc. Tpf£ II toctb pi. QoBpeMeHHoe 
coeroame Hpp«pau^H. Ox lfi-» mpraMH. C.-II.-B. 1895 r. 
p. 2 py6. 50 koh. 

Atio no o6BHHeHi» A. 0. MopABKHx-ipoapx h bh. #. #. 06ojieH- 
CKaro bx pacTpaa* apecroBaHinixx CKaBQBHxx joma^efl. M. 
1895 r. p. 20 Eon. 

Ecuobx B. TiopbHU Ha saiuwi. B. 1895 r. p. 20 koh. 

Ero-xe. YroaoBHoe npaso. lacix ocotferaaa. B. I HpecrynjieHia XBxma. 
B. 1895 r. p. 80 koh. 

Emmobx B. PyftAH saKaBna^cKaro xomawwa. Hsex&AOBame. B. 1894 r. 
p. 40 Bon. 

3aniCRa o mohothomx otfpamemn rpa<J>a GnepaHcsaro ex sairfwa- 
hLhmh rpa<|>a KamcpHHa. C.-II.-B. 1895 r. p. 1 py6. 

HcaieHRO B. rpaaaaHCKifi npoijeccx. HpaKTMecKifi KoimeHTapiH Ha 
BTopyro KHHry ycraaa rpaa^aHCKaro cynonpoHBBOflCTa. B. XT. 
M, 1895 r. p. 2 py6. 20 son. 

lepnrx P. BopB6a 3a npaBo. IlepeB. 0. BepTa no^x pea. M, H. 
CBtfflHHBOBa. C.-II.-B 1895 r. p. 60 Kon. 

KoBueBCRli M. (taepsx npoHCXoataema h pasBKrte c6mlh h co6ctb6h- 
hocth. C.-IL-B. 1895 r. p. 60 son. 

KopBiVb-nioTpoBCili K. EcrecTBeHHHH h npoHSBojpiTe^BHfui chjiii 
3cTJura#CEofi ry6epmH h aKOHOMHiecxaa ^feareiLHOCTL ea Ha- 
cejiema. B. I. P. 1894 r. p. 50 son. 

KopojeHKO C. O&opx BHOHomwecKaro noioxem* Pocera bt> cexbcao- 
xosgftcxBeggoifB h asoHOMHioeBOVx oT^omemn, ex 17 B*pvua. 
C.-II.-B. 1895 r. p. 1 py6. 

KyMHHX 0. 3aKOHonojoaemji o(Jx asqasi} ex ocBiTHTaitmox 
H64>thhuxx Macjx. Hs*. 2-e. M. 1895 r. p. 50 son. 

Ero-xe. YcraBx o Ta6a?H0Mx c6opi. Hs*. 2^ t ML 1§9Q r, Q t 1 py& 



Digitized by 



Google 



09*ABJ1BI* m 



JUmmm A. Bciocraofl cya* h ttpHjpwmt o&tiah jspeevuH^. 
O-H.-B. 1895 *♦ It 1 pjtf. 

Iwimtwh 9, Eoapcirifi cnncoKx 1611 ro^a. C.-U.-E 1895 r. D,. 30 koo. 

Eiv-m, ^osyneHTii neqaramH khhtl h rpauorB kb 1694 roay. 
C.-II.-B. 1895 r. JJ. 30 son. 

Brt-ae. GrpHBosi* H8i> pacxo^Hui'B khhtl KocrpoiicKaro HnaraeBcicaro 
MOHacrupa (okojo 1553 roAa). C.-II.-B. 1895 r. II,. 20 Ron. 

Hupmli B. HoBafl HHcrpyKitfa ijepKOBHHn* crapocrairB. M, 1896 r. 
IJ. 1 py6. 25 Kon. 

Hauewb H. Yuewe o paa^ijraiejhHuxx hjh aBoficrBeHHHXT> 
o6a3aTaiBCTBaxx no pHMCKOMy npaBy. Q. 1895 r. D[. 1 py6. 
75 nop. 

fleuera. npaxnraecKoe pysoBo^crBO &a cBJiityeHHOcjrysHTeieft, hjh 
CHcreMaTH^ecKoe nsjoseme nojraaro Epyra hxt» ottasaHHOcreft 
h npaFB. Hs^. 6-e HcnpaB. C.-II.-B. 1695 r. IJ. 2 py6, 

Ofatfi Taaomenuil TapH+i no EBponeficKofi Toproart. ^onoraeHO 
yaasoneHkifH H pacnopaaemaiiH no 1 it>ra 1895 ro^a C.-II.-B. 
1899 r. H;. 2 py<S. 

OerrpxeMii A. (Xta> ajBOKaTypi, cyjoycTpoftcTBi, cyAonpoHBBOjCTB* 
9 HecocTQOT6»Hoaj«. X. 1895 r. 0(. 1 py6, 50 son, 

BiomoiCKil A. YrojoBHaa noiHTHita h ycjoBHoe ocyaweme. 0. 
1895 r. D[. 30 Ron. 

IrtHM. yrojoBHoa oeyatxeme b% HopBera. 0. 1895 r. B,. 40 son. 

■rupurb B. IlepecMorpB Hanum cyAe6Huxi> saKOHOBi. C-IL-B. 
1895 r. IJ. 60 Kon, 

Pnapx^-AtBiffb. Hanua no-mraraecaot 8B0H0MiH. IlepeB. H. $a- 
6pnsaHTa. C.-H.-B. 1895 r. IJ. 1 py6. 

CfrtnnKevi H. Pyeraoe rocyxapcrBenoe lipase Hocotfie wb xesnfawb. 
2 TOMa. O.-D.-B. 1895 r. IJ. 4 pyfl. 

Cfl6iiadi M. KpecTMHCKoe Mipcsoe xosrfcTBo, Mipcicie KanHTara, 
AeHesHue ctiopu h BsucRama, npoAOBOii»CTB6HHHe saaacii. 
C.-IL-B. 1895 r. ^. 1 py6. 70 iron. 



Digitized by 



Google 



IT OBlftfiXlHI* 



GKOpOBi A. I DojflHCRii A. 3asoHH o coctoahuetb IX tomt. CBOja 
sasoHOB^, no ofyfywa.. hsj. 1876 r. h npo^ojaemaicL 1890, 91 h 
93 r.r. co BMHrcemeiri pimento 06iu,aro Cotfpama npaBHrao,- 
CTBy»maro GeHaTa h ot ( h4jibhhx , l ero aenapTaMenroKB h para- 
acHemfi MKHHCTepcTBt £HyTpeHHHXT> J^krb h $HHaHC0Bi» h 
H3Bjre*emaMH H8i> ^pyrnxx tomobt, cB0.ua saKOHOBi, Ha kotopha 
CA&iaHH cchjkh wb TeKcrt IX TOMa. M. 1895 r. IJ. 3 pytf. 

Gokojobi C. JJonojffleme Kb ycraBy o(Jx aKAHSHuxx cfiopaxx. C.-Q.-B. 
1895 r. IJ. 1 py6. 

GnepaacKii C. HiKoropra hbt. y^peaaemfi oGmecTBOHHaro 6*aro- 
ycrpoficTBa bt» sana^Hofi EBpoirfe. M. 1895 r. H. 75 son. 

Gmumu ajBOMTypa. Hatfpocra G. M. 1895 r. H,. l pytS. 50 sod. 

YroJOBHoe yjomeeie IJapcTBa HojEbCKaro 1818 ro.ua. 06m,aa qacn> 
khhth o npecTyMefliax-B. IlepeB. 9. TapaHOBCKaro. C.-II.-B. 
1895 r. H;. 25 son. 

Hcnsrb JIeqe6HHXT> saBe^em! Bi^oMCTBa MHHHCTepcTBa BHyrpeHHHn> 
^txL c& HHcrpyKiaeD no ynpasjeHuo 9thmh saBOxeHunm. 
C.-IL-B. 1895 r. IJ. 50 Kon. 

•fOcreiMft-Kyj&BK'b. .UpeBraa rpasAaHcsa* otintiraa. HscxkjOBaHie 
o KyjL-rt, npaBi, y*ipeamemax'& rpeijiH h Pima. M. 1895 r. 
U;. 2 py6. 

lepHOBi A. Hst BOJocTHofi KKrranin. Ha6pocoKB cootipase&ift r. 
1895 r. H. 1 py6. 

flflxyji I. OcHOBHua Haraia $HHaHCOBoft Haym. Yqeme o rocy- 
^apcTBeHHHxt AOZOAan. Hsa. 2-e. C.-II.-B. 1895 r. D,. 3 py6. 
50 Kon. 

BHVm BMCMJMOTQg ?p68% IlOWy ■ KOHTOpH TpftHCBOpTOn O* HUO- 

seuEUMi iuavesem sa ctoxkootb h» h nepeoHssy. 



Digitized by 



Google 



0B14B JIHH 



iipoaojkkaetcji no^nacKA ha is»5 ro^t ha 

EaUEM'fiCflHHHft JHTEPATyPHO-HAyHHHft H HOJlHTHHBCKlfl ayPHAJl 

jwiui mmnr 

1-ro surycTs nunus 8-a khihuul 

•TAftJTb lIBPBUi. L HO UOEKW BHCTABIffiOBl>HCKyOCTBfc. 
3f. AHmoKOMyCKaw.—U, HE HO UPAB^t. IIob4ctl. (OKom»irie). 
B. flMumpie*rt.—m. 7 BEPETOFL KAPCKATO fttOPJL OiepiCL 
H9B xhshh caMoijoirL. K. HocuAoea.—IY . W HE HA^O 3ByKOFB a . 
OrraoTBopeflie fi. MepeotcKotcKaw.—Y . 7CTAJIHE JHO^H. PoMaHi 
Apne raptiopta. (OsoH^ame). IlepeBO^L ex jaTcraro. 0. Uemepcom. — 
VL HEPEIIHCKA A^PDEHHH JDE-KyBPEP'B. E. i 7 .— VH. Tfl- 
JREJEJE CHN. PoMam. Tji. IV— Y. 6. OoMny6a.—Ym. .KARl* 
DHULEffL BE 1 IEP r I>... a OrmoTBopeme. K. 0o&aHoea.—lX BHJEb- 
JDffB IIIEKCIIHP'l. Ho Teopry Bpamecy. M-h~m.—X. Cy^BBA 
HCIAMA. Hpcxfreccopa A. TpaseecKcuo.—XI. „QUO VADIS a .Po*ain, 
rat BpeMeFB HepoHa Fenpma OanneeuHa. HepeBOAB ct> nojLCKaro. 
K Jhdoea. XII. MHHMHE KAHHTAJIH, ^HIEBHE H CEPEBPJI- 
HHE P7BJIH. U. Ky3Heuoea.—Xm. ^IAjLMWJH. PascKas* hbt, 
KaBTO8CKHYT> BOcnoMHHamft. A. Eepca. — XIV. HA 3AQAA$. %*. — 
•TA1UII BTOPOf. I. OBIACTHOft OT^Mt.— UpoeunuioAhHaH ne- 
Hamt 9 0Aeccsui hobocth* o fl BMMoporaHXi> a Bonpocaxt. — „JKh8hl 
h HCKyccTBO tt : o Hem> roBopart rasera. — raseru yiemjn> yqpeat- 
jemfi — ,CaMapcKaa raaeTa" o KaseHHOMi c6op4, */§ Koroparo npona- 
Mxyrh.—dT&a,mwb bt> KyHrypcBoft nntoji. — 9 GapaTOBCKifl JIhctokt," 
o cyxBfo yqHTaiBHHi^H. — ft&io ofo y6ificTB& h conpoTEBJiemH Bia- 
CTfflTB. — HicKOiLKO ytiificTBi h noKymemii. — IIoaapH&a naHHsa bi 
TBepH. — yjemeRieme crpaxoBama. — Jprh HHTexiHreHTHua koiohlb. — 
3eMiwtiBHecida apTem I. Uposopoea.—Il. HO HOBO^y OT^IETA 
ffiSTEIbUOCm MHHHCTEPCTBA 3EMJQtf MIJL M . CmwcM*.— 
HI. HHCLMO EST) AHTJIIH. B4;jhoctb h 6jaroTBopHTejLHOCTL. — 
Bt pa6o?eirB *oir&.— Ha sackjamii none^HTeiBCTBa. C. Pu6aKoea. 



Digitized by 



Google 



Yl 6*%&*X*Hi& 



IV. BHyTPEHHEE 0B03P6HIE. HpiisffB 6ojirApcao8 xenyraipH, 
HamH raseTU h jiftcrBHTeiLHoe Hacrpoeme pyccsaro otfmecTBa. — 
Mffiaia Q. AscasoBa h $aA&6Ba* — PasMCHeme coej. aenapraiieH- 
TaMH o^Horo nyHsra bt» ,nojioateHiH a 1861 r. o6t oxpafffe. — Qpoxasa 
h nosynsa sojoTa rocynapcraeHHHM'B 6aHKom>, — AonoiHHrejBHHir 
KBHTaHii^a.— KHraficmi *ad*rt.— f . KPHTHKA H BHBJIIOITAfclJL 
A) JCpumum: AMcrfldtpttfte lfyeuf%ta.^ n l!atet<>X*Axn> tt Hmiepa- 
TopcsHx*B TeaTpoB*. B) JktifAwtpcufii*. I. JlHrepaTypa. Ehhth jjw 
flfrreft h jpa Hnpo#i. — n. EcrecTBOSHame h ue&wajsm. DDL 3THorpa- 
$ia h o6^ecrB6HHHa Haym— YL ft&b Jftft&tfft H iBtTEPATyPH. 
IIojeMH«iecKie kp»*kh h aaijinra.— 3HasoMCTBO AjescaH^pa I c% 

(Sti«tt)M-TlL KHBETH, toctyrttoirfitf b* peawatfa #te arsttaa-^ 

Ob AHBapeicofl Krardft hobhmi roftOBHitb noAnHCHHEairL pascu- 
MB0KE 1 h. noBicTH H. BpeoTOBCgol JKEHCKAfl J&BSH& (Bee, Hane- 
HaTaHoe Kb 1894 r.). 



it^HA:' Po^t: non^a:' tlnfeepifc 

Btoi x&*4tfc . .» . . . *a p. • —> iv 6 p. — A 3 f, - r 

Gi XQoranKOD 12 „ 60 * 6 „ 50 „ 3 „ 60 „ 

€b lepecuBOB . . . ; . 18 ^ 60 „ 7 ^ — „ 8 „ 60 „ 

3a rpammeft ...... 16 „ — „ 8 „ — „ 4 „ — „ 

B& rsaBK* KOHTOpi xonycuaerai pa*cp>p*m*6e3*HOBKiiieHia roxpeoi itftam. 
,Hui ywmixi h ynaiKHzca xbtothha yosoBia. 

nO^UHCKA nPHHHMAETCa n rxaBH. coHrfop*, tta, ^omummi, 0; » 

MocxdBOK. 6rxta«BlH Api imfita. ifcar. ft. *kko*tftf6»*L JE^n^M- 

afifci*^ ri- CteT. ** **. «fenr. #*fey* w Jfcdttws b4 rioar. HMtitiioBoft *6 

Bdta *b. m ar. Kap^aoaaDcoBas „H**bt» Bprnant* ■ xp. 



ffttftftfertit* jff, £ f*$eb*4fe. 3*ftofcaittfe* Jt. 4/ Jfe****** 



Digitized by 



Google 



UP0A0.13EAETGH inmiHCKA 

II A 

KWHjMl IOPIUH l IMKAFO OBUIECTBA 

iii buxo^hti. nh 1895 r. do roi lrapeajioft iiporpaMsrfi, 

uoiniMaiomefl BCt orpacJW . Fipn.TH'u.rKiiX'f. if rocy..iapcTBeBHUSi* aajm 
h npa Tfesii me nciCTojimiuxi. 1'OTpy.jUMKaxL, e&etb h bi> npouutun* 
ro^y. IlnxptiuuoL'Tji cm. Ha o6opork 



l.iii rr, no f uin^niKum fia Kacraqlnniihui ptiueuiji. 

$M tafymMaHiH uedopaji/MthHitl, pedamix uMmmb necm* 
oGpamumb muMauie u twchmfrmsMto na KaecawoHuhtn pibtue- 
mm. nmo o% wcmaez nodnucnart lodaexodmrn Aumh nm Aucmu 
ptbmruiH. nomojme ujdanu renami'ium miinQipaifikw ct l~ionmap& 
no 31-e demfipn. HaHOAbHUS Aitcmu mKoio Anfia loda. uanam^e 
ftascuAKOto as nom^b ioda y hq&umu nodnu&tuitaMu Moujim Sunt* 
. iofipfontaeMbt ocofio, no ptucnemy 15 nan* m Auemo. 



Digitized by 



Google 



r 



06x HsnaEiH bi 1895 rony 



KPBPHECKArO OBHIECTBA. 

HtypHasrb EwxoAMTb emcMtcfmHO (sa MCK/iiOHeHiein» BaH8HiHbon> 

iw/ifl n aBryda), bti KommecTB* 10 Kmtn> bt> roA*, on 15 ao20 

/imctobi, iioat» peAaKuIew npoa>. B. H. JlaTMHa. 

I^BHA 3A rOflOBOE H8MH1E: 

bi C-IIeTep6yprt fleai aoctebkh 8 py6. Ill ci nepccHjaofi b* apyrie ropo*a • py6. 

ct jocraBKofi b-b C.-IIeTep()yprB M p. 60 k.||| 3a-rpanHuefi §9 py6. 

ota*jbho Knnra sypH&ia ft py6. *). 
IIoAiracqBKH, »ejiaionije nojyqaTB, CBepxx Toro, PtWEHlfi KACCAIUOHHUll 
AEDAPTAMEHTOBl CEHATA, mraTarB sa sypnajTB h 3a ptmeHk cb AOcraB- 
koi) bi C.-DeTeptfypri h cb nepecujiKofi bt. Apyrie rcpo^a 13 py6. 

HodAVHHbie AiarttU ccftfuwaAbnaw usdauix pnutcmti KaccauioHHtaxb de- 
napmaMtnmosb ccnama pa3tUA<zicmcR ncMcdAcnuo no bbtzodtb u&> ctnam- 
ctioii nMnoipatf/iUi 3a epeMJi cb l-io xnvapH no 31-c dihaGpx nodnucnaw tcda. 

Jlmja, HecocTOfliiuJi bt> ^mcjii hoabhchulob-b Ha atypHajB, MorjTB nt\j- 
HHCHBaTLCH bt, pe,a,aKijiH OTAiJCBHO Ha KaccaitfoHHUJi ptmema no 4 py(5. 
cb ^ocTaBKOK) bt, C.-lleTep<5yprk h cb ncpecHjKoro bt» miie ropo^a. 

fionycKaemcH ia3cpmna nodnucnou nAamu 6b CAtidyicinie cpoKuiezfweapih 
Spy 6. a> fcaccau. ptiw. 8 py6. u ab itohth ccmaAtuaji do nodnucnoti ntbnbs, 
cyMMa. It. AtiiCTiuiejiLiiJc *mchu c.-neTcpfiyprcKaro ropiiAiraecKaro oG^r- 
CTBa noA%3yKmcH nptwoMb nodnucau na OKypnanb sa noAceunnyto v,n>ny m. c. 
4 p. 50 k. a cb %auau. ptiut. 8 p. 50 k. Tcoice npaco npcdccmaeAPemai 
cmydcumaMb yHutfptunnmoeb u btoCtne ywmujucx u KanduCamaMb na cy- 
dcOuuji u tciHHO-cydcCubi/i doAoanocmu^ ydocmttnpuettwMb ceoe 3taHie. 

Tt. vmwpooKhte CAatocoAtmb oCpaitiomtai coceotmv nipc6o6aHixMu uckaio- 
HumeAbno 6b Konmopy otcypnaA-a. 



lIOAKHCKa ifpi.iiiiwatTffliB'BOTA^jieHiaxxKODTopiJ asypBa.aa — npH khbshuxi* 
MarasHHarB bt> C.-LIeTep6ypri: Jtfapmbwcca, HeucKifi, 46, AuucuMoea^ pa- 
AOmx cb DyCjH^HOK) Bt6jiioTeKoi), „HoBaro BpeMcnn a , HeBCKifi, 38, Hutuep- 
AUMd) HeLCKifi, 20 h Pufmepa, HeECKifi, 14; lt> Mocki.4: AnvcuMoea, Ba Hn- 
KOJiLCKoft yjiflui; KpBAHHecKOMX MarasHni A. 0. Cnopo6Q^ HerjBHHaa, l:%; 
b*b KOBTopi B. B.JIcuko6ckou^ DeTpoBCKia JBHiu h aHouaro BpeM€HH a — 
a paBBO m> KOBiopi ajpaa^a. Tcdouuis in hpb.na pavb bbHcdtuio, no cntOf- 
HUKaMb y tnib2do d *,ac. Ewmcpa cmupbma dm pa3a6buednjAfo i no6fnoj)' 
nutiQMb u njitnM-uam) omb 7 do vac. 

PEAAKTorx MM. U. .latnuuM*. 



V 



PeAaRplfl sypHa aa: 

C.-D.-E. CnaccKaa 16, kb. 6. 



KoHTopa xypua.ia: 

HoBOHcaaKieBCKajj 14, jcb. 7.. 



•) J^asi cryAenTOBi yDiiuepcHTeTOBi h Boo6me y^amnxcii 1 py6. 



Digitized by 



Google 



ffiyPHUb 




ill'Il 



WMiepaTopcHOMii C-neTepOyprcHOMTi IfiBepcKTert 
1895 

KHHTA BOCfcMAfl 

OKTHEPB 



<: £ fJ I r a. 

ftflM 



Google 



Digitized by 



QTT> PEAAKUIH. 

1} AsTopouii npHCMjaeubixs pyKouaceii, pe^a^is upocHn osafioxHTbcjt 
LciiiJM l a qexKEMb nnebMOMb TeiiCTa, ocooesno BEOCTpannaro, a paeso a i^HTaT3» t 
AM& ycTpaneaiJi oxKaaa Bii noariineniH ciaTta — no Hepaaoop^iiBocTH noiepica. 
PyKOitBca^ aeyAofiHua kt, newraniK), He B03»pamajo r rca, ho aroryrb 6utb no 
4eHH bt> pe^aK^ia aBTopasra aia yno.inoMo<ieaEHMa BHHjiBi^attH* Ho Hcrei 
ro^a, co &br BOjyqenis* py*0EECE, b6bmthe ofipaTBo — ysiraTomaBOTai, 

2) FoHopap'B, B-h yctattOBBBinoMQi pa3M*p4, nojryqaerca b^ pejiaKitiH caMEMM 
aBTupaME; iifloropo^auM'L oh-l BHefuaerca no ocoOoMy, rtaat^uft pay*, ^UJiueniij 
nxb, Cb BuqeTOMii qoitobmx'e pacxo^oBt, CTaTbH t uoJcyiaexuA 6e:n» aa£B.ieiiLa o 
uosEarpamAeaiB, cqnxaioTCjj 6e3n.iaTnbiME. 

3) OraTba ee aojjkhu upeBHUiaTt. mpexi nemmm&Eb Aucmtm. CiaTtn, ope- 
uumaioinii! BTOrb pawftps, ue^aTaroTea no ocofioMy cor.iameHio ct> pejuuuuen, 
a npa oxcyrcTBia ocofiaro corjiameHiH, no ycMOTpini» pe^a^in. Bd* npanirraji , 
aaneqaTank CTaTbH,Bb eiywft aaAofiBOCTE, no^ieaarb coEpaineaiDaHenpaaAeaLiJ. 

4) Jlnivb, ace.iaionuix b mufetb cEoptftmift pasfiopi m*b Tpy^oBi, pcasjouji 
npocarb, wh o6oe>ahojt& anTepeci, AOctaiujiTL cboh coi&aenia <ra dmfm zKJtM* 
n&npaxi, TuTqaiib no buxoa£ arb n*h CBij'rb* 

5) 06i>Hiueaia neqatatOTCJi: &&& nepio^aqecKaxi* H3AaHift ffeftMamHO, npi 
yciosiE D3aEMHOCTH; aia ncixb npoiax'b — no 5 pyd- 3a CTpaHHuy h 30 tu si 
expoi:\. 3a pa3cturKy ofi^nB^enift npH atypaa 1 tls l B3HMaeTCH no 10 p. ct Ttiicim* 

6) HCpewfetrb a^peca cootfujaeTca pe^aimia CBoeDpeueHao, ,*o c^aia keefe 
DOTry;.npn neBoasromnocTH ;rte ifcno.maxb rm^ciiviyeT^ eoofintiiTb irtcTHOfi uottoboi 
KOHTopi CBoft noBtift aspect n H3b£cxeti> pe v iaKn,iK> o nepeMin'haApeca^itfBLiCHJKa 
cxl^yroinax'b Kaarb sypnajra; npHTOHfc ciijyeTb ofioaEaiETi. h&cto npexHxro 
OTnpaBjfeniH ^ypnaia a ct eaKoro nyjuepa BHCujaxb atypHaJTB no no bom y wp 

JfpnMihHanie. llpa uepexojt ropojciurci cojaafjittKOBi xfpiuua bt» mioropojHue m na.o6oj' 
Bucujaer^H uo 1 p. — trpsc nepexo^B j&e ropuACKiixii noxHHCqiiKOErb na Ka^caniOHHtffl pirae* 
fiifl bl UHoropoAHue a Hao(5opoTJ* Bucu.m^TCfl no 50 il Bt uponaxT. ciyraitr*, upe D< 
Mtu-b aApeca, KUCMjaeicji 30 fc xoHBravu uiu MapKaun, 

7) HCajooa Da ilcsidj ywalc Kanou- jii&o KUKra xypoaja npenpoBO^^aeroa npnieo 
a*t peiaKi^iio, cb npaJiojKeaieM^ yAocTOBipeffiJi irficTaoft noiTOBoft Konxopu bt> rom, 
^to itaara acypHaja AittcTBETeJibtto ne 6twa nojynena KOETopoft. IIo no-ipienia 
rasofl atajoGiii pexuiQJl neMeAJienHO npeACTaBJEeTfc b'l raaeTnyw BKcnoA«Ai» . 
4UKaTb, ask otchjlke zt> EepBoro no^osr, no Cea* vAOCTOB'ipenia MiCTEOft flovro&ot 
KOHTopM, ra3eTaaji 3KCne^Enia ^oncfta fiy^erb npt^^e CBoeBTbcu cb c 

ae© h pejiajmia y^oB^eTBopETb ToitKO ao nojyicHia oTsita nocj[%AH6ft* Ho 
pacnopajfieni© aoTroBaro niAOMCTBa, soo6bi jiojainu OiiTh cooflmaeMH placid n 
fltiKaitb hc n»3xc nojy^enin cit^oxqefi nnnra ;KypBa-ia, aaane peAa^ia hcCt.: 

abrltb B03H01KHi>€TH YffiBM&tmpEEh nOAnHC^EEa BHCHJTK01Q HOBarO BESeHQJHpa 

8) iKnaiiOy na neaojyqeole jhctobi. Kaccaaioouuib ptinenlfi npitnaaiar 
lnraii e% tmmm irficjma co jna aojiy^eaia Toft Kaarn asypaa^a, B-b soxopoft 

taHia cpoo CAft'ia JECTOBb na noiry. 

Pe^aEqiE ne omimm aa cBOespOMeanyH) nucuxzy sypna.ia e ptmeaii 
Tfm b .iiiiviM b» KOTOphiH iiiixnuca.iHCb fie bt> yKaaannuxi Bb ouxnB.ieHia noiuacrt 

10} ^iHOTaliTOB^ na BcaEaro po^a s&apocu rr. coTpyAEEKou'b e ao^aac^UKOirb 
MM* uUTb apHAoateHa noHTOBan napsa* 



Digitized by LnOOQ IC 



HCyPHAJTb 




II PH 



linepaTopcm MlfiTopfiipraoMi) taepeTt 

1896 

KHHrA BOCbMAH 

OKTflEPL 






Digitized by 



Google 



Digitized by 



Google 



COflEPJKAHIE BOCLMOfi KHHrH. 

I. yaaKOHeHia h pacnopaaemji npaBHTejitCTBa . CCVI-CXXJXVI. 
II. HeAOCTaTEH ycTaBa rpaayjaHCKaro cyaonponsBOflCTBa 

E. BachKoecnau) 1 — 18. 

in. 3eMCKaa AiaTejbHocTL bt> ofijracra o6m;ecTBeHHaro 

npHspiraui E. ManctiMoea 19 — 5b. 

IV. 3aKOHt o boa* waKptraa H. fluHiejibiumedma . 59 — 124. 

Y. XpoHHBa rpaac^aHCKaro cy^a: #*«> KieBoearo chhxh- 
itaTa caxapo3aBo^HKOBi, ci 0. BacsaKOBofi bi anej-umioHHoft 
HHCTaHniH 125 — 142. 

VI. XpOHHKa yroJOBHaro cyfla: npaRTBxa ceHaTa 3a Tesy- 

mifl roxi no npHMiiieHii) ct. 1171 yjox. o HaKa3 143 — 156. 

VII. KpiTIKS I 6l0jlorpa*lfl: l)Durkheiro. Les regies 
de la m&hode sociologique B. W.; 2) Ahph ae-TypBMB. 
ConjajiLHafl nayRa upejCTaBjaerb m Hayxy B. rpudoeacato; 
3) B. K. OTysaxHWB. Bluopyccia h Aetbsl. OnepRH H3b 
HcropiH ropojom, bi EiuopycciH A. EawmKoea\4) O. $. Py- 
CHHrnTeftHX. „Cyx&6a MexeBoro x*ia bi ry6epmarb 3auax- 
Haro apax u A. BatuMatcoea; 5) HaMflTHaa KHiuuta BapmaB- 
CRaro cyie6Haro oapyra Ha 1895 rojn» A. EawMctKoea; 6) Ot- 
nerB uo BoeHHO-MopcRoft cyjHoii nacTH 3a 1892 roji B. i 1 .; 
7) A. C. AjiexcfteBi. Kt yneHi» o »pHXH*ecRoft iipHpox* 
rocyxapcTBa h rocyxapcTBeHHofi BiacTH B. rpu6oecxato\ 8) 
„nosapH£ift". HwjDCTpHpoBaHHHfl B'fecTHHK'B noatapHaro xtaa 
bi PocciH A. TtomptoMoea; 9) BpyHO HEeHJiaHJCB. Dpo- 
MHCJOBue cHHxiRaTH A. TiompwMoea; 10) I\ PhGGhhci. 
npoMunueHHaa Hcropia AhimIh A. TwmpioMoea; 11) K. B. 
TpyCHHKOBi. IIpeo6pa30BaHie xeHesHoft cHdeMu ^4. Twm- 
pnmoea; 12) Z e h n t e r. Der Antrag Kanitz auf Veistaatlichung 

der Getreideeinfuhr E. 1 — 27. 

Yin. EH6jiorpa4>H*ecKift yicasaTejrB ropHflHqecKOft JiHTe- 

paTypH 28 — 44. 



Digitized by 



Google 






II 

•iiLM'fcTKIl it IMBfcCTUJ. 

IX. LtpaKTHKa cyAB'iao-a^MMHucTpiiTnUBux'b yipeacneEifi 

S. rapodbiGcmtQ . . 45 — 60. 

X, Kt. Bonpocy o nepecMOTpi ct. 202 y^p. cy% yeT. 

M, A* JesumcKaw . m 60 — 64, 

XL HeoGxojmMo an ^onpamimaTb upatjeft-sKcnepTOBii 

uoxh npsejirofl B. Bv.xncuna 64 — 71. 

XII. HicKojibKO sauiftaHift no nowyty upoeKTa rpajK^aH- 

CBaro yjioateHia » * » ,, » * , 7i — 94. 

XIII. 06mbmijw I — IX. 

XIV. UpOTOKOdju aactMnifl rpaJKAancKaro OXX&teftia 
C.-QeTep6yprcKaro IOpMHiecKaro QGmemu . • 1 — 24. 



Digitized by 



Google 




IHH 



(cb 1-to inoAfi no 1-e cemtu&pn 1896 %.). 
Gran* 822—1173. 
e*<vA*tni« U4»*e4lrtil« n pacoopa*tfeiii« up*BfiT<Mi>eTBa 

1 imn A* 109. 

822. pacwupmiu npednpinmin o6ttyecmea BAaduKOSKO3CK0u 
otcejifb3Hou dopoiu u 06% ymeepotcdeniu mpemtxio donoAnenin k% ycmaey 
odvfecmea uaseannou dqpotu. 

828. 06% u3Mhueniu cm. 108 kh. YII ce. eoen. nocm. 1869 i. 
omuocumejibuo npoimodcmea o<fiut4epcmx% 9K3aMeuo6% eoAbHOonpedrh- 
jumtyUMCx eoucKoeuxz HacmeU. 

824. pa3pn>ut,eniu eoeHHO-yne6HUMi 3aeedeuiHM% npio6pn>mamb 
jieKapcmea, a manoice npunacu u MeduKaMeumbi, mpeCywwyie o6pa- 
6omicu, no nauemodutbutuuM% 6ah Ka,3Hbt VffbHaM%. 

826. npedocmaejieniu npasa noA%3oeamji ua canumapHux% 
cmatmiaarb CAyotcautuMz no eoeunoMy etbdoMcmey dyxomwM% jiuwmi> 
npaeocAaenato ucnoetbdaniH. 

826. 06% u3MtbHeniu 626 u 631 cm. Till kh. ce. eoen. nocm. 
uad. 1869 toda. 

827. 06% yeeAuneniu UctcoecKOMy nademcnoMy Kopnycy, c% 1 Rueapx 
1895 toda, omnycKoe%*na omonjienie, ocerbiyenie, codepo/canie 3dauiu 
6% Hucmomrb u ucnpaenocmu, na naeM% npucjiyiu u pa3uue pacxodu. 

828. c<fiopMupo6aniu 4-& $ohckou Ka,3am>eu orndtbAtnou comnu. 

829. 06% u3MfbH€uiu nopndna npedctbdameA%cmeoeamH e% omdtb- 
aciz% apmuAMpiiicKaio KOMumema tmeuaio apmuAAepiucxaw ynpae- 
Aenifi. 

*. Dpm. o6nu kh. nu 1895 r. 14 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCYtt — 

S30. 06b ymeepofcdeniu noAOO/ceuiH o cmuneudiu 6uetuato cmy- 
dcnma HMnepamopcKOu MeduKO-xupypiunecKOu (uuntb eoeHno-Medmun- 
ckou) amdeMiu Sukoacm HuKOAaeeuna Mep3AJiKoea. 

831. Ofc> ynpeo/cdeniu o/candapMCKato noAuueucmio uad3opa na 
CmaeponoAbctcou ewmeu BAadmaemscKOu' otce/ifb3HOu dopoiu. 

832. 06% u3MfbH€niu tumamnato cocmaea eb BuAenacoMb u Bap- 
tuaecnoMb eoeuno-OKpyotcHuxb cydaxb. 

833. eeedeuiu ebwmamb C.-nemep6ypiCKO-Baptuaecttato man- 
dapMOcaio noAuneucxato ynpaeAenix otceAfb3nuxb dopotb deyxb ynmeptr- 
otfhwepoeb, 6ah otcandapMCKato noAuyeucKau) nad3opa na Opauo-OAum- 
ckou etbmeu. 

834. 06% WMtbHeniu lumamnaw cocmaea nucapeu eb Hfwcomo- 
puTb eoenno-cydeGuuxb ynpeoicdeHinxb. 

886. pacwupeniu PeeeAbctcato Mfbcmnato Aa3apema. 

836. paseepmusaniu Cmptomeuctcaio pe3epeuato 6ama*ioHa npu 
Mo6tuu3ay,iu eb 5 omdnAbHtaxb 6amaAtoHoeb. 

837. HamaHemu 0603a e% lumamb CxepHeeuwato Mtbcmnaw 
Aasapema. 

838- 06b ymeepotcdeniu noAootcenix o mnumaAfb, 3aefbu^aunoMb 
edoeow dtbucmeumeAbnaw cmamcmio commnuKa KAeonampoio Mou- 
Obeenm BAaduMipoeow. 

889. 06b ttfMtbHeniu nopsdm npomeodcmea eb nodnoAKoenwcu 
pomMucmpoeb u nanumanoeb apMtu, Haxodautuxcx e% nocmoxnuoMb 
cocmaetb Kaecuepiucnou u cmpfbAKoeoU otfuyepcKUVb viKOAb. 

840. nepeMfbv^euiu eb Kapa-Kam fy3b-0AyMcnaw Mfbcmnato 
AQ3apema> ynpaeAeni* ,%y37>-0AyMCKaw eouncnato naHOAbuuna u pomu 
reoKb-TenuncKaio pe3qpenato 6amaA%ona. 

841. doGaexeniu eb wmamb cAyoicumeAbCKou tcoMandt* Epecmb- 
lumoectcaw unmendanmcmto CKAada 15 yumepb-ofpuuepoeb u 29 p* 
doeuxb, eb Kanecmevb uncmpynmopoeb npu (pqpMupoeaniu erb eoennoe 
epeM* eoenm-epaHeOnuxb 3aeedenia eb BapumecnoMb eoennoMb 0Kpy%n>. 

842. 06b u3MfbHeniu Mtbcma Keapmupoeanin u epemnu ctfhpMu- 
poeanix 4 flpuexou Ka3a%be# omdfbAbnou comnu. 

843. nauMenoeaniu Macmnocmeu, sankmuxb nasapMaMu y no- 
cada Tpaeeo u cmanuiu MonbKu ^EomeMKuncKUMb u CyeopoectcuMb 

tuma6aMu u . 

3 iwJH J» 110. 

844. 0Gb ymeepotcdeniu ycmaea moeapuutecmea SnoeAeecKoH m- 
nytfanmypt* ^BocuaIh flppodmea ctAHoewi u . 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccmt — 

845. 06b u3Mn>Heuiu naAOotcenix o cmunendiu 6pambeeb Tep&- 

U&HKO. 

846. 06^ omMtbHtb nyn. 3 BucoHaHiue ymiepotcdenuaio, 24 cen- 
mx6pji 1890 toda, noAOotcenin eoennato coetima 06% omnucMuiu (n> 
noco6ie eoucnoeoMy mnumoAy eo&cm fioncKaio eotcewdno 3.000 py6. 

U3h SKOHOMUHeCKUXb CyMMb eO&CKOMW KOHCKtttO 3060dd 60UCKO, flflU- 

ckcm). 

847. HoeoMb pacnpedfbAeniu cyMMb na nanueAxpcKie u Z03xu- 
cmeeuHbte pacxodu nponypopcKOMy nad3opy OMcnaio eoeuno onpyotc- 
naw cyda. 

4 iMKifl M ill. 

848. 06^ ymeepotcdeniu ycmaea moeapuu^ecmea KucAuncnaxo 
ceeKAO-cazapnaw u pacfjuuadnaw 3aeoda. 

848. 06b ymeepotcdeniu nopMaAcnoti yneCnou maCem da* Kee- 
uiunacaio uHcmumyma u yne6na%o nypca a> pacnpedtbAenieMb e%o no 
KAaceam. 

850. 06b ymeepotcdeniu emopato donoAnenix Kb epeMennuMb npa- 
euxaMb omnocumeAtno cocmaeAenix, mdauix u npedcmaeAenix cma- 
mucmuKu nepeeo30Kb no otceAwnviMb dopoiawb ipy30&b mclaoU cnopocmu. 

851. 06^ ynpeo/cdeniu 17 doAOicnocmeti noAUueucnuxb ypxdnunoeb 
9b HfbKomopurb Mtbcmuoemjurb Ky6aneK0& o6Aacmu. 

5 Ihmji J6 112. 

852. pa3pn>tueHiu orm 6peMeuu Ex HMnepamopcnaw Buco- 
necmea BeAunou Khaiuhu Kceniu AAencandpoenu Jfynepbio, napenen- 
nofo Hpuum. 

6 iwjfl Jfe 113. 

853. 06b ymeepotcdeniu ycmaea moeaputqecmea Tonopoecnato 
ceeKAoeaxapnaw u patfiunadnaio saeoda. 

854. 06^ ymeepotcdeniu ycmaea moeaputqecmea Many^anmyp^ 
AhHxnuxb U3dfbjiiu AAencandpb H] l ep6aKoeb cb cttnoebXMu &b ceAtb 

KoXMTb. 

855. 06^ ymeepotcdeniu ycmaea u mmama TIoAmaecnou nu3tueti 
xunoAtA cadoeodcmea u otopodumecmea 2-io paspxda, eb npedM?bcmbn> 
t. IIoAtnaet* n IfaeAenKaxb u . 

7 iioju M 114. 

856. 06b cmnyotcdeniu 3eMe&b, nompe6nuzz dAX coopyotcenix otce- 
Jinano dopootcnuxb Auniu TIunepoeKa Tmwweeo u Uema . Cepdo6cKb, 
PimncKO-ypaAbCKOu otceAtbmou dopoiu. 

U* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCK — 

857. 06% omHyotedemu mpexb ynacmKoe* 3e*uu U3% uMttuiu Pyd- 
huku, VencmoxoecKaw yn>3da, IlempoKoecKou %y6epniu, 6ah Hado6nocmeu 
BcymaecKo-BtbHeicou oteejmsnou dopotu. 

858. 06% ymeepotcdeniu ycmaea Pycaco-EejmiucKato MemaAAyp- 
tuHecnaio o&tqecmea. 

859. nepeeoopymeniu Hptcymcxou u KpacuospcKou KoaaHtuxb 
comem Ka3aubUMu tuaiuKOMu o6pa3ya 1881 wda. 

10 Ihkw JV 115. 

860. 06% ymeepo/cdeniu ycmaea moeapuufecmea XepcoHcmto 
ceeKAO-caxapuaiQ 3aeoda. 

861. 06% ymeepotcdeniu ycmaea a^ionepnaxo o6u^ecmea topnuxb 
3aeodO(Tb eh Oaohcukom% Kpatb. 

862. 06b usMtbueniu c6opnux% nyHKmoe% 6ah Abtomnux% koh- 
hux% Hacmeu 3a6aum,A%CKa%o KmaHhuw eouaca. 

11 iiojui M 116. 

868* 06% ynpa3dnemu ynenunecKOu Keapmupu 6aa dn>mtii uHo- 
podu,ee\ npu TypKecmaucKoii ynumeAhCKOu ceMunapiu. 

864. 06b u3MtbHeniu ycmpoticmea eemepunaptwu nacmu e% Cmae- 
ponoAWKOu ty6epniu. 

865. npuMfbnemu topodoeaw noAootceuui 1892 i. Kb %opodaM% 
3i(KaeKa3bA u CmaeponoAbCKOu iy6cpniu, e% nomopuxb ue 6uao eeedeno 
topodoeoe noAootcenie 1870 wda. 

rocyja;apcTBeHHHfi cob4tl MnnnieMb noAootcuA%; 

I. Bt, ropoflaxt TejaBt, Cramx*, fym&rh h AxajreajaKaxt, 
Tn(J)jHccKoft ryfepmn, Kyftfc, JleHKopaHH h IIIeMaxi, EaKHHCRoft ry- 
6epmn, AjeKcaB,nponojrt, HoBotfaaserfc, HaxnieBaHH h Op^arfc, 9pn- 
BaHCK0Bi> ryfiepmH, Cyxyirk h OaypreTaxx, KyTaHCCKofl ry6epmH, 
KiHcaBeTnojfc, fflynrfe h Hyxi, EracaBemojiLCKoft ryfiepma, CBararo 
KpecTa, CTaBponojLCKofi ry6epmH, TeMHpx-Xafft-IIIyp*, ^eptfeffrt h 
HeTpoBCKi, ,HarecTaHCKofl o6jacTH, BsaMim, cynjecTByromaro bt> chxi» 
ropoja;ax'L ropo^cKaro ynpaBjema, bbccth wl ^bdcTBie Bitcoiaime 
yTBepayjeHHoe 11 mom 1892 ro#a ropoflOBoe nojroaseme (cb. saK., t. n, 
H3,n. 1892 r., ropo^. nojoac.). 

n. Brb odjacTHOMT, ^arecTaHCKoft ofaacTH ropo,n$ TeMHpt-XairB- 
niypi pa3piniHTB bbgcth ynpomemoe odnjecTBeHHoe ynpaBxeme bt> 
nopaflirib, yKaaaHHOMi, bi> cTaTB* 22 ropo^oearo nojosemfl. 

m. HcnojHeme Heotixo^HMiix-L, jm BBe^ema bt> A&ftcTBie osHa- 
qeHHaro (ota. I) ropo,n;oBaro nojosemji, pacnopft&eHift Bftsxasra* aa 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccx — 

HOAxesanpji ry6epHcida h o&xacTHoe no ropoACgjurb a^juutb npacyr- 
CTBia, no npHHa&ieacBOCTH, noflt Q6wpm> pyKOBOflCTBOATL h Ha^jB^e- 
meirB MBHHcrpa BuyrpeHHHXi> a4ji>. 

IV. Bb ropoaaxt KapccKofi ofaacrn, a Tasace fb noceaemaxi, 
CajLaHu h TeoEHafi, BaEHHCKOfi ry6epHia, h ropo#fc 3aBaTajM, 3asa- 
TaiBCKaro ospyra, saBi^HBame ropojjCKHMt xo8£fiCTBO*n> ocraBHTB na 
cymecTByDmeMt ocHOBamn, ci» Tiara,, hto6u npeAnaio&eHUi o BBQ^e- 
ma vh .a^ficTBie bt> chxt» noceiemaxT, ropoAOBaro nojoatema 1892 ro^a 
6uxa npeaeraB^eeH, bt> cboc Bpeaia, mhhhctpomt> BHyrpeHHHXt r&bt>, 
no eaomeniH ct> kAitl cjrt^yeTt, Ha paapinieme B^nopwi* sa^oso- 
AaTejcbsosrB. 

Y. ^arecTaHccoe o6aacrHoe no ropoacKHMi, #bjiaM'L npncyrcTBie 
o6pasoBarL, noj> npejcfc,ii,araif>CTBOMT> BoeHHaro ry6epHaTopa ^are- 
CTancKofi o&iacTH, h3*l HoaioniHHsa ero, irbcTHaro no^araaro HHcnes- 
Topa uh Apyroro raHOBHHsa MHHHCTepcTBa (jraHaHCOBt, no Haasa^e- 
m» KHHHerpa ^hhahcobx, TOBapnma npoxypopa BaKimcsaro OKpy#- 
Haro cyna, h~ Bnpeflb *o BBe^ema bb TeMHp'B-XaffB-inypi npaBiur* 
ropojosaro nojosema bt» iiojihomt> hxt> o6t>om'& — TeMnpt-Xaat-IIIy- 
pHHCsaro ropo^CKaro cTapocrh n ojnoro hsx ueHOBB BftcToaro co6pa- 
ma ropoxoKHxt ynojHOMOHeHHUxx, no BH(5opy cero co6pama. 

VI. Bt> HBiriteeme h Aono-raeme CTaTBH nropoaoBaronojoaema, 
a Taxse h flpyraxt noAxeatanpai» ysaKOHemft, nocTaHQBHTb: 

^JLlOBpOHSBO^TBO BT> ryfepHCKHXt H ofaaCTHHXt HO rOpO^CKHMX 

xkiaarb spHcyrcrBiax'B 3asaBBa8Ka eosjaraerca Ha oco6aro, HasHaiae- 
Maro ry^epHaTopoMTb, ceKpeTapa, et npHCBoemeart eMy npaBt h npe- 
HMymecTBt, yKasaHHHXt bt> ot^4j6 X BHConaftnie yTBepa&fleHHaro 
11 iiraa 1892 roja MHisia rocyaapcTBeHHaro coBiia. 

Ero HunepaTopcsoe BararaecTBO BOcnocriyipBaBinee Mfffcme bx 
o6me*rb cotfpamH rocynapcTBOHHaro coBiTa, 29 aiaa Buco^afime ymep- 

JHTL COH3BOJHJB H nOB&rfiJI'L HCnOJHHTB. 

866. 06* u3MtbueHiu nopRdtca cnadofcemx nacmnburb wpnuvb 
3aeodo&t> dpeeecHWMb MamepyuoMk un Ka3euHt*Xh Mbcofo, a manotce 
omdaHu no3euHuxh 3em*% e* apeudy djw ycmpoucmea u&u paewupe- 
uia maAcoeuxb 3aeodo&b. 

rOCyAapCTBOHHHft COB4Tt MMbfiieMh nOAQOICUAb: 

I. BaaMifffc CTaxLH 449 ycTaBa jrbcnaro h bx HSM^Heme h ao- 
naiHeHie j^pyrnxx noweatamifX'b ysaKOHemfi, nocraHOBHTt Hnatecji- 
.syiojuia npaBH^a o CHa6»eHiH qacTHHXt rjpHHxt 3aB0^0Bi», ho hc- 
SjO>Haa nooceccioHHWX'L, noTpe6Husn> ^a hhxi» ApeBecHHM , i> MaTe- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCXI — 

piajosTB H3i> KaaeHHHXT, jrtcoFb h o&b oT^a^i bt> apeH^y KaseHHNXt 
seaiejiB, ^ ycTpoflCTBa hjh pacnrapema TaKOBNX-B saBO^OFB: 

1) Bt» jrheHHXT. MicTHOCTHXt rytfepmi: ApxaHrejBCKofi, Bojotoa- 
CKofi, BaTCKofl, OjioHeniKofi, OpeHtfyprcKoft, IlepMCBoft, y<|>HMCRoft To- 
6<wn>CKoft h TomcKofi, a paBHO reHepaJt ry6epHaTopcTBt HpKyTCKaro 
h EpnaMypcKaro, RaseHHHe jrfeca Moryrc> 6htl npe^ocTaaiaeMLU, /Via 
Ha s a[o6HocTeft ropmcL 3aB<w>BT», bt» nojn>80Baflie aaBOflraicoFL Ha JibroT- 

HHXT> OCHOBamaXt. 

2) M4cthocth, ynoMflHyTua b-b cxaTbi 1, onpe,nfcMK)Tca 6w&aA- 
mmn> o6pasoMT> bt> oco6omt> podmcamn. PocnncaHie cie coeraRiaeTca 
MHHHCTpoMt seauefliuiia h rocyflapcTBeHHHxt HMymecTBt, KOToptifi, 
npe^BapHrejEBHo BHecema bt> OHoe MtcTHoaret, pacnojoseHHuxi* bt> 
npe.n^Jiax'L HpKyTCKaro h npnaaiypcKaro reHepajb-ryfiepHaTopcTB-b, 
bxoottb bt> CHomeme ct> no#je»ain;HMH reHepajn»-ry6epHaTopaaiH. Co- 
CTaBjeHHufi MHHHCTpjftrb npoeBTL poamcama, paBHO jsakl npeano- 
josema MEHHcrpa o&h nsM^Hemn cero pocnncaHia, npeacraBjiai&Tca 
na BHCo^aflmee yTBepa^eme, Hpe3i> KOMHTen* mhhhctpobt». 

3) Ka8eHHMft jrfeeb npeflocTaBjraeTca saBO^HKaMT, HCRiroiHTejibHO 
W yAOBjeTBopema HHatecjfe^yroii^xT» HaflofaocTeft saBOflOB'b: Kp4n- 
,iema py,pDE[KOBT>, otfranraHia py#H, 3aBO,a;cBaro rfbAcma, nocrpoiKH, 
pewoHTa h OToraema saBO^CKHxt h py ( apH^HHx r b s^amfi h coopyxe- 
mfl, HiEOjrL, 6ojQ»HHn^>, ^omobi> rx& noarfemema 3aBo^CBaro ynpaBJie- 
ma n aHjrani,T> 3aBOflOBja#£jbija, ciyaan^Hxt npn saBOji h pa6o?nxi>, 
nocTpoftKH cy^oBt flja cnaaBa CHpHXt MaTepiajioBi* h npoHSBe^emil 
aaBO^a, a paBHO ydpoficTBa aoporb h moctobt. Ha ohhxt> ara npo- 
Boaa chxt* MaTepiajioBt h npoHSBe^emft. 

4) XoAaTaficTBa o npe^ocraBJieHiH saseHHaro xfeca bt> nojibsoBajrie 
Moryn> 6urb ssaBJiaeaiH aaBo^HKaMH ajla yaoBjieTBopema Ha^otfHocTei 
saBOAOBt BaKi» cyni.ecTByroin.HX'L, Tairb paBHO bhobb ycTpaHBaeMUx-L, 
hjh npe^noJoaBeHHHX'L Kb ycrpoftcTBy. 

5) YnoMaHyrHH (ct. 4) xo^aTaflcTBa npeflCTaBxaioTca MHHHCTpy 
seMjreAiJria h roeynapcTBeraHXi. HMymecTBt, kotophS pacnopaacaerca 
nepe^a^ero ohhxt> b^ ntweaantfa ropHira ynpaBjema, a ecjn jrtcb 
HcnpamHBaeTca bt» u^cthocth, bt> KOTopofi He y^peameHo ropHaro 
ynpaBJiema, to Bt ropmift flenapTaMeHTt. 

6) Ha odasaHHocTL ropHHXt ynpaBjremft h ropnaro A6napTaiieHTa, 
no npHHaAJeaHocTH, Bo&iaraerca: a) yA0CT0B*pHTi>ca, ofiesne^effb jih 
saBOAib chphmh MaTepiazaMH (py^aMH, fyjuocasm h t. h.), h 6) Buac- 
hhtb ronoBoft pasMipx ^peBecHaro (npoBaHaro h crpoHTeibHaro) MaTe- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCXII — 
piaja, Heo6xo^HMHft pa ynoBjeTBopema noipe6HocTefi saBo^cicaro 

npOHSBO^eTBa, HCTHCJteHHHX'B BT> CTaTBi 3. 

7) IIo AOCTaBjreHra CBi^iHifi, 03HaqeHHHXi> fb CTaTbt 6, mhhhctpi* 
aejue^ijiia h rocyAapcTBeHHHXT> HMymecTFL jra6o paspimaert no jbso- 
Bame EaseHHUirB jfccoanb pa Ha^o6HocTeft saBoaa (ct. 3), jh6o ot» 
BLTOBaert BaaBjemoe xo,n,aTaiicTBo. Ecjh xojaTaftcTBO npnsHaHo 6yaen> 
sacjiyaBHBaK)mHMi> yBaatema, to HBoriwBameMT, Ha arfecrt onpefli- 
jaeTca cnesHHi, no bobmokhocth, ct> saBOAomb jicHofi ynacrorb, 
iltohimb soero, npn pac^erfe otfopoTa py(>KH Ha apobhhoA jrhct, 
AocraTo^Ha pa eacerojHoft, fiest HCTonjema ynacrKa, BHpy6ra no- 
Tpefoaro saBoay apeBecHaro MaTepiaaa (cr. 6, n. 6). 

8) OnpeA'feJHB'L pa^M-fept npeAHasHaieHHaro kt» otbojj y^acrKa 
(ct. 7), arfecTHoe jicHoe HanajrLCTBO npncTynaen. kt> ero oTrpararae- 
m» bt> Haxypt. OflHOBpeaieHHo ct> chmt> HasBamoe Hanajn>CTBo ot- 
rpaHiraHBaeTB hst. cocraBa yiacTKa j&coefcKH, noTpetfEwa pa o6es- 
ne?ema 3aBO#a ApeBecHHMT> MaTepiajom> Ha Tpn roja aaBoacitaro 
AtflcTBia, h saiiirB o6i>aBJiae'n> saBO^HKy o paspimemH npHcry- 
hhtb kt» pyfa* bt> chxt» jribcodbKaxi*, He ojkha&h B oTrpamraema Bcero 
yqacraa. Birfecrfc d> Tiara* saBO^HKt npHrjamaeTca j4chhmi> Hanajn,- 

CTBOTT, Kh SaKXD^eHUO, yCTaHOBJeHHUSTt BT» 8asoHb nopapoMi>, ao- 
roBopa Ha npeAOCTaBJieme eny npasa nojBBOBama ji4comt> bt> npea- 
HaBHaneHHoiffB ynacTsi. 

9) Ho oTrpaHH^emH yracraa, MicTHmrB .rtcHUMt HaraiBCTBOMt 
nponsBopTCa ero jioycTpoftcTBo, cl cocTaBjemeMx iuiaHa jiicHaro 
xosaftcTBa, 0TrpaHFnemeMi> h TaKcaijieft jrhcociEt h oi^hkoh) ynacTKa 
h .licociK'L. Ilpn dTOMt cTpoeBUfl pom,H He Buxbjuaffrcn H8i> cocraBa 
.rtcod&KT>. Pacnpe^Lieme chxt> hocj&ahhx'b, He H<xnoi&a otbojh- 
mhxt> ,n;o oTrpaHH^ema Bcero y^acTEa (cr. 8), coBepmaeTca cb Ta- 
khmt> pacqeTOMT>, tto(Sh: a) kojetoctbo jpeBecHofi MaccH Ha onepea- 
huxt> pa Kaa^aro ro.ua jicociKaxx cooTBfrrcrBOBajo rojOBOfi hot- 
pe6H0CTH saBoga, h 6) tto6h cpepee pascroame jr&cociffB otb sa- 
B0#a, corjacHO npaBaiaMt, H3JoseHHUMi» wl craTi/6 462 ycTaBaxfec- 
Haro, 6hjo no bosmoshocth hoctoahho. 

10) Pacxo^u Ka3HH, BUSUBaemie artpaMH, osHaneHHUMH bt> craTLflxi 
7 — 9, BOSMinpiiDTCfl saBo^HKOMt HeMeAJeHHo no npe^i»flBJ[eHiH o tohi» 
Tpe6oBama co ctopohu irfecrHaro JiicHaro Haqa^LCTBa. PacxoAU no 
coBepmemiD ^oroBopoB*B Ha npaBo nojLSOBaHia j&comi> (ct. 8) ot- 
hocatca Tasse Ha cnen* saBo^HKa. 

11) 3a Jtroraoe noJESOBasie KaseHHUftrt jtcoMT> BdHMaeTCfl ro^o- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCXffl — 

Baa iuaTa cooTBtTcraeHHo cpeaneft ctohmocth Jiicocbs^ OTBejen- 
eiuxt> ^ifl nojn&OBamA saBOX^Hsa. IIpH HcqncjieHiH cefl ctohmocth 
npHHHMaeTCH bt» ocHOBame ufaa* Ry6OTecRoft caseHH jpeBOCHofi Maccii 
no ocofofi TaitcA, yTBepauaeMoft hhhhctpobtb seiue^fejiff h rocyjap- 

CTBeHHHXT> HMyUjeCTBX W« OTJ^ILHHXTb M^CTHOCTed, BTb ROTOpBTb 

AonycKaeTca npeAocraBjeme saBO^Hsairb jrtca bt> nojBsoBame Ha 
.Tt»roTHHXT> ocHOBamsxi* (ct. 2), npinein», oxHaso, TOKca ara Aaraa 
6htb He Btnne Hnsmeft m^cthoS TaKCH Ha xBoflmafi .apoBHHofi xbch. 
npe^BapHTaiBHo VTBep«AeHia TaRcu, mhhhctp?>, othochtbibho m*ct- 
HOCTeft, pacnojoseHHUXi» Bib nperfuaxi* HpRyrcRaro h OpHaiiypcKaro 
reHepajn>-ry6epHaTopcTBi» 9 bxojhtt> bt> CHomeme cb no^eatamnnH 
reHepaxi»-ry6epHaTopaMH. OnpejtfueHH&a coraacno ceft Tasci iuaTa 
sa iBroTHoe nojiBSOBaHie xbcoMt ycraHaBJHBaeTca Ha wawaTt mm 
xhvh co flflK saRjnD^emH aoroBopa no osHaqemoMy npejMeTy. Ho 
ncTenemH cero cpoRa, iuaTa uom&n 6htb noBtnnaeMa mhhhotp<wb 
setoJejtfbxiK h rocyaapcTBeHHHXT» HMym;ecTBT> lepesr* Rasxiifl *ecjm> 
jt6ti>, coo6pa3HO orb BOspaerasieiiT* ii^hhocth jfeca bt» Aaraoft i*ct- 
hocth. Pa8M*pi» cero noBumema He nom&wh, o,apaRo, npeBHinaTk 
^Ba^aTH iiifTH npoi^emroBi, njiaiu, ycraHOBJieHHod A&a nepBaro ABax- 
n,aTimirrHjrBTia hjeh nocjrb.nyiDn^HX'b jecararBTifi, no npHHaAjeaRHocra. 
npeAnojioseHHOAft noBianemH iuaiH saBojcmrB yBijoMjfaeTca He 
no.s.prfee, Ka,Kb aa Tpn ro^a jo ncreiema cposa, Ha Roropirii ona 
6wja ycTaHOMefia. 

12) ^ija no xoxaTaficrBaHT> saBO^HKOBx o npeAOcraBje&ui hmt* 
jrfeca bt> jLroTHoe noJBBOBame ao-kkhh 6htb orohtohh npoHBBOA- 

CTBOMT> H6 nOSJfffce ^yXT> JTBTT> CO ,l^JI BOB6ya^eHLa CHXT> XOAaTafiCTBT>. 

IIo xo^aTaflCTBain», npH8HaHHinrB saeiysHBaion^HMH yBasema, bt> Te<*e- 
Hie yBasanHaro cpoRa jojracem> 6htb npoHSBe^eHt h otbo^t* J-fecocirt, 
iTpe^ocTaMfleMHXt saBO^nsy *o oTrpamraeHui oTBO^HMaro yrocTRa at 
nojffloin* ero cocraB* (ct. 8). 

13) OTrpamreeHHHft y^acroKb ocraeTca vb saB^HBamH Micraaro 
jr&CHaro HaqajrLCTBa, Ha KOTopoMt npo^oxxaerb jeataTB h ottasaH- 
hoctb ero oxpaHemfl bh4 oTBeAeHHura* saBOArosy jtbcocbkt>. BupytiKa 
jrfcca npoH8BOAHTCH 8aB0^iHK0Mi>. B* OTHOfflemH npaBHJOHocTH pj6kh, 
oxpaHema OTBe^eHHHXT, jtboocAkt. h oTBiTCTBOHHocTH sa HenpaBHjn>- 
Hyro h py6ny h caMOBOJBHiw nopy6sH, saBOA^HK^ no^HHaerca: cy^e- 
CTByi>npnn» no xfecHofi qacrn ysaBOHeHUiMi*, HapaBHi cb jran.aira, 
no.Tyqaiom;HMH npaBo py6KH RaseHHaro jrtca ct> ToproBi. 

14) Ecih saBox^mrb He BHpytiHT* vh Teqenie ro^a bcoto roih- 



Digitized by 



Google 



<^;x 



— CCXIV — 

qecTBa x&ca, DpeAHasHaneHHaro Kh pytfirfc Ha totc> ro^x, h He sa- 
ABHTb, ao HCTeqema axoro ro.ua, o HanipemH Biipy6HTi> oGTaBmifica 
orkcn,, wm ae, cuiJiaFB Tasoe saaBjeme, bt> Te^eme .pyxt ji4ti> He 
BocnojBsyeTCJi aram* jrfecoMt, to no&ritfHifi Moanera 6htb OT,a,aHT> 
ica3H0K) ajw pyfan APF 0M Y Jra^y. B& TaKoarB cjy^ai saBo^HKt He 
Hsrfeert npasa TpetioraTB hh BOBBpaxa aeHert, ynJEaqeHHHXt hmi, sa 
Hej;oBHpy6jieHHiia xftei>, hh yafeHbrnema njaTu, npmHTaDmefica sa 
npaBO nojBSOBOHia jAcwl Ha OTBeaeHHomt y^acroi bt> cji,nyiDmeM r i> 

roffy. 

15) Bxafltfin,ie bt> cocTaBi> oTrpaHHieHHaro yrocTBa jribcocrfcra oc- 
Tasrcs 3a Hauro^emeBn, Toro cpora, bt> Teqenie ROToparo offfe npej- 
HadHa^a»TCA Kh py&sft saBo.nHHKOMi*, CB060AHHMH w qacTHLiXT>: ropHO- 

npOMHIHUeHHOCTH, 80JOTOHpOMHfflJieHHOCTH H He^HHar ; HpOMHGAa. Bt 

btomt> oTHomeHiH arfwAajOTca otfnjia npaBHJia chxt> BH^axt Hpo- 
HUHLieHHoeTH Ha KaaeHHHXt seauaxi*, He HGBJOOHaH nocTaHOBjemfi 
npasi npouuinjeHHHRa Ha no^BdOBame jrbcoftTB, ct> rbwh xmnb orpa- 
HHqemeM-B, hto ycrpoficTBO .saBOAOBi. hjih pyAOO&&HraTejBHHxi> $a6- 

PHKT> Ha 0TB6AeHHHXl» HpOMUnLieHHHBy pyAHH^HHXT> H.I0m;aAaXl> He 

Aonyesaevca. 

16) SaBO/praxy npeaocraBJiaeTca bo Bcanoe speiia oTKasaTLca otb 
npasa nojb30Bama jrfecoMt bt> oTrpamroeHHOirb eMy yiacrrcfc. Hesa- 
bhchmo oti> sejama saBOflTOKa, upaBO nujfBSOBama .licoMt Moatert 
6im» npexpan^eHo no pacnopaaemio HHHHCTpa aeifjieA'kxia h rocy- 
AapcTBeHHux'B HMymecTFL, ecjiH saBo^ih W HaAofiHocreft KOToparo 
jr&CHoi yqacroKi» OTrpaHH^eHt, 6y,a;eT r b (fesfliicTBOBaTb 6ojrie Tpext 
jrfiTK, a bi> cjy^ai oTrpajnreema y^acwa jxa Ha#o6H0CTefi 3aB0.ua, 
enje He cymecTByx>maro, eara om> He 6y,nen> nocrpoeHt h nymeHt 
bt> #bflcrBie bt» Teneme nam jfrrt co #Ha otftaBjeHia pasp&me- 
HiH npHcrynHTL ktb py6K4 bt> xbcocftKaxb, otboahmhxt> ko OTrpaHH- 
qema y^acTKa bt> ho.ihoate ero cocTaB* (ct. 8). Bi cjiyroi (Jesflift- 
ctbls saBo^a bt> Te^eBde naTH jrifcrt, npaBO nousoBama .rbconfb tiesy- 
ciobho npespan^aeTca. 

17) &JL& ycrpoficTBa hjh pacnrapema saBo^OBi* btc» M'bcTHocrax'L, 
bt» KOToptixi, AonycKaeTca otboa?» jrbca Ha xbvoTEtaiy ocHOBaHiaxi» 
(cr. 2), MHHHCTpy 3eMjeA4jia h rocyaapcTBeHHHX'L HMymecTBTb npe- 
AOcraejaeTCja paspimaTL OT^aqy saBo^HEasrE yqacTKOBx saaeHHoft 
aeitra, npocTpaHCTBOMi» He 6ojrhe Tpexcort AecaTHHT., bt> apeH^Hoe 
co^epsaHie, Ha cpoKi> He CBtnne AeBaHocTa j^tl, sa nxaTy h Ha 
ycjoBiaxx, no corjamemK) ct saBOA 1 iHKaiiH. YqacrrKH, oT^aHHue bt> 



Digitized by 



Google 



"W- 



— ccxv — 

apeHAHoe coAepacame Ha 03Ha*eHH0MT» ocHOBamn, npH3Ha»Tca He cbo- 
6oahumh flM lacraHXt: ropHaro, sojiOTaro h HecJjTjraaro npoMHCJiOFL. 
JIicr>, aiorymifi OKasaTbca bt> rpaHHijaxt 3thxt> yrocTKOBt, oitfiHH- 
BaeTca no TaKci, osHaqeHHofi bx craTKfe 11. Ha npeAOCTa&ieme sa- 
BOA^HRaMi> bt> apeHflHoe coaepacame y^acTROBi> KaseHHofl sesus 3a- 
KJUD^aroTca aoroBopti ycram>Bj[eHHHMT» wh saKOfffc nopaABOHTB. Pac- 
xoah no coBepmemro chx-b aoroBopoBi, othochtch Ha cqen saBOAHfuca. 

18) JHjcb, npeAOCTaBvieHHtrti bt> noJiLSOBanie 3aBoa*raKa, a paBHO 
Morymifi OEasaTBca bt> rpaHrajaxt ynacTsa, OTAamaro 3aBOA*HKy vh 
apeH^Hoe coAepacame conacHo craTti 17, AOJi»eHT> 6htb ynorpe6- 
xnewb 3aBo^qHKOMi> HCKJUO^HTe^LHO rjla Ha^Hocreft saBo^CKaro npo- 
HBBOACTBa, HCMHCvieHBHXt wh craTBi 3. 3a npo^aay cer) jrfjca hj[h 
HHyro nepeycrynKy oHaro, BHHOBHHft noABepraeTca js,enexaouj bshc- 
Kamro bt> pasMipi TpofiHoft b;4hh npoAaHHaro hjih nepeycTyraeHHaro 
j&ca no TaKcfc, cocTaBxaeiaofi Ha ocHOBamn craTtn 698 ycraBa jrfic- 
Haro. Jifaia tin npejocTaB juoDTca HenocpeACTBeHHOMy pa36HpaTe.o>CTBy 
ynpaBiemft KaseHHHMH jrtcaMH. 

19) IIpaBo nojLSOBamfl ji4comt» Ha y^acTKt, OTrpaHmeHHO»ri> am 
Ha^o6HOCTefi ropHaro 3aB0.ua (ct. 8), a paBHO npaBo nojBSOBama 
y^acTKOMx, oT^aHHrnrB bt. apeHAHoe coAepawme am ycrpoficTBa hjh 
pacnmpeHk saBOAa (cr. 17), cocTaBXHrort, sa HCK-ooqemeart 03Ha- 
qeHHHXT> wh craTKfc 16 ciynaeBx npeKpamema npaBa noJBBOBamfl 
jrtcoitti,, npHHa^jie^HOCTL saBO^a, am norpetfHOCTefi KOToparo y^ac- 
TOKt oTrpaHH^effL hjh 0T^aHT> wh ape^Hoe coAepatame. 

20) Bt» pasBHTie Haeroamnxi. npaBHJTB. MHHHCTpy sewmeA'fcjria h 
rocyAapcTB6HHHXi» HMym;ecTBT> npejocTaBjaeTca HSAaTB noApo6Hy» 
HHCTpyKiui) oTHocHTejBHo: a) nopa^Ka pascMOTptma xo^aTaftcTBt 
saBOA^HKOB^ npeAOCTaBjremn bt> hxx noxb30Bame ji4chwxt> yqaer- 
kobt>, a paBHO o&h OT^a^i saBO^HKaanb 3eMejri>HUXT> y^acTKOBi wh 
apeHAHoe coAepacame; 6) nopa^Ka oTrpaHHHema h TaKcan,m .rfecociKi, 
h oi$hkh jrtcHHxt yHacTKOBi h jr&coc&Kt; b) yCJIOBifi py6EH OTBe- 
Aeraaro bi> no;n>80BaHie orfcca, ycTpoftcTBa, wh npe^iaxx xtcHaro 
y^acTKa, yi\ieo6»HraTejiLHHX'L nenefi h Aopora, h r) nopa^Ka bos- 
Mimema pacxoflOBi* KasHH no oTrpaHHHemro h jicoycrpoflcTBy xfec- 
hmxt, y^iacTKOBT>, a paBHO BHeceHifi njiara 3a npaBo noAsosama 
jicoMi» h sa 3eMjra), oTflaHHyro Bt apeH^Hoe coAepaanie. HHcrpyKiiia 
cia npeACTaBjaeTca mhhhctpomt, wh npaBHTejbCTByrom.ifi CeHarb, wa 
pacny6jraKOBaHia bo Bceo6m.ee CBt^feHie. 

21) Bh£ MicTHocrefi, BHeceHHHXi* bt> pocnncame, H^asaeMoe co- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCXVI — 

rjracHo cTarofc 2, CHatfaceme ropHHxi, saB »^,obt> noTpedHHMt .hjw hhx-b 
ApeBecHmfL MaTepiajoin, hpl KaaeHHHxt j4cobt> npoHSBuflHTca Ha 
o6ni T HXT> ocHOBaHiaxx, ycTaHOBjenHwxx ,a;jia oraycKa KaseHHaro Jiica 

qaCTHHMT, nOTpe^HTejEABTB. 

II. OTAiyrc* II npHJoaema kt> CTa«n>4 1124 ycTaBa yroiOBHaro 
cyAonpoH3BO < a;cTBa (no npofl. 1893 r.) aonojHHTB cjiayroin.HM'B (5) 
nynKTOifL: 

Henocpe^CTBeHHOMy Bi^mio Ka3eHHaro ynpaBjemA npe^ocTaB- 
jijudtch cjtAyrom.ia ^kia no -itcHOMy ynpaB^emi): 

„5) npoflaaci nan hhoA nepeycTymci .itca, BHpyftieHHaro 8a- 
boahhkom'l Ha ynacTKi, Ha kotopomt, eMy npe^ocTaBJeHO npaBO JBroT- 
earo nojBSOBama KaseHHHorB jcbcowh no npaBMairB o CHa6»eHin 

laCTHBIX'B ropHHXT» SaBOflOBt nOTpefimOTL flJH HHXB AP^BeCHUMB 

MaTepiajfOMx hst* KaseHHHXT, jtScobx h o6i> OT^a^i bt> apen^y KaseH- 
iihxt, seMejB, am ycTpoflcTM hjh pacnrapema takobuxx saBOAOBi,, 
a p&bho Ha yqacTKi, oTflaHHOMi, oti> KasHH, Ha jn>roTHOMi» ochom- 
HiH, bt, apeHflHoe coaepacaHie, coiuacno Tiara, »e npaBHJiaMi» a . 

HI. ^,4flcTBie npaBBJit, H&ioaceHHHX'B bt, ota&i* I, pacnpocTpa- 
hhtb: 1) Ha bhobb HMiromk B03HHRHyTB ropno3aBO^csiff npeanpiaTia; 
2) Ha npeanpiHTia, boh boshhkjih ^o HBflania cero ysaKOHema, ecjn 
apeHAHue ;i,oroBopu Ha npeflHasHaieHHua hm-b „t&chhh aara ein,e He 
coBepmeHH, h 3) Ha npeflnpijiTiji, o6t> yqpea^emH kohxt> B036y»aeHH 
Ha^esan^m xo^aficTBa panfee otfHapoflOBama HacTOflmHX'B npaBHjit. 

Ero HunepaTopcKoe Be^H^ecTBo Bocnocji^oBaBmee MFfeme bt» 
o6meMi> cofipamH rocyaapcTBeHHaro CoBiTa, 29 Man BHCO^aftine 

yTBep^HTB COH3BOJH.IT> H UOBBjAjth HCHOJHHTB. 

867. 06% ynpa3dneniu My3en KJbacamecKou apxeo.wiiu HMnepa- 
nwpcKOu axadeMiu not/Kb u o HtbKomopowb ycu.ieuiu cpedcmffb dpyiuax> 
My3eew> ceu axadeMiu. 

868. HfbKomopbutb u3JMbHemHX% &> tumamaxh denapmaMenma 
moMOoiceHHtaarb c6opo6% u maMootcennuon ynpeotcdeniu. 

868. pacnpedtbAeuiu Meoicdy Opeu6ypicKUM% u TpoumuM% ok- 
pyoGHUMu cydaMu npcm u o6H3annocmeu no dnJiaM%, eommamtyitM* 
ei TypiaueKOu o6Micmu. 

870. 06% yupeofcdeniu 6% icpodtb TatUKenmtb emopou dojiotcHOcmu 
cyde6naw npvumaea. 

871. 06% ynpeofcdeniu dojiotcnocmeu noMoi(tHWCoe% cmaptuux% noma- 
piycoffb npu Muhckom%, MotUAeectcoMh u OpjwecKOM* onpydiCMAX* cyda&b. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccxyn — 

13 ham J» 117. 

872. 06% ymeepotedeuiu ycmaea Pycctmo floHevmio o6utecmea 
KaMeHHo-yt0JM>Hou u 3aeodcKou npoMHUMeuHocmu. 

14 iiojui M 118. 

878. 3aMfbHtb tocydapcmeeuHwrb xpedumuHXh 6nAemo#b decnmu- 
py6Aeeato docmouncmea o6pa3m 1887 %. OuAemaMu noeato o6pa3na. 

Bt BH^y AOCTHTHyrHxt ycoBepmeHCTBOBaflifi wl cnocotfaxB bu^jsh 
n,tHHHXT> 6yMart, Mu npiraHajH nojesHUMt aairfuraTB rocyaapcTBeHHHe 
Rpe^nTHiie (taiem AecOTHpy6ieBaro AocroHHCTBa, otipasi^a 1887ro.ua, 
6njieraMH HBBaro otfpasija. 

no HdroTOBJiemH HHfffc OBHaieHHHX'B 6wiffrowb, cotviacHO OAotipeH- 
HOMy HaMH HOBOHy o6pa3ijy, noBex&BaeMi>: npHcrymiTB k& otfirfcHy 
HpeatHHXi> 6iueTOFL Ha HOBiie h nporaBecra ohhS Ha ocHOBamH 
cjii^ayromnxT,, cocTaBJ6HHuxi» mhhhctpostb 4>HHaHCOBT> h pascMOTp&H- 
hhxt> bt> rocyAapcTB6HHOin» coBfrrb, npaBHXB: 

1) BpeMa oTKpLrria otfirfeHa 6HjeTOFB onpefltjaeTca mhhhctpomt> 
(j)HHaBC0BT>, ct vbwh, tto6h o6whwh 6wn> Haiart bt> Terame cero 
1895 ro*a. 

2) 06m'&ht> oTKpHBaercfl bt> y^pe^emax'B rocyAapcraeBHaro 6aHia 
h KasHaqeflcTBaxx, bt> nocreneHHOcro, 0Hpe,g$jaeM0i mhhhctpoitb 

<f>HHaHCOBT>. 

3) 3atiiaroBpeM6HHo, ao npscryna kt» o6ir6Hy (Smotob'b, mhhhctpt> 
(J)HHaHCOBT3 npeACTaBjaen* omcaeie OAo6peHHaro HaMH HOBaro o6pa3i*a 
npaBHTexbCTByromeMy ceHaTy, fljia otiHapoAOBama cero onacasig ycra- 
HOBjreHHUHT, nopa^KOMt. Mhhhctpx (J»HHaHCOBT> xfoaera TaKse pac- 
nopaaeme o CHa6»emH o6pasijaMH HOBaro fejteTa ynpesfleHift *ocy- 
AapcTBeHHaro 6amca h KasHaieicTBi*, k$lki> ajhi hxt> pyKOBOACTBa npH 
AeHejKHHXT> pasc^eTaxt, TaKT> h fljra BHCTaBJiema, no hxt> pacnopa- 
atemiD, Ha bhahom'b wbcri, r^fe 6u BcaKifi mofb osHaxoMHTBca ct> 
chmh o<5pa8i^aMH. 

4) IIpH OTKpirriH otfftritaa, Ha HOBue 6ttiera paspiniaeTca o6irfc- 
HHBaTB mm* npeatme 6aie™ jecarnpyfijieBaro AocToracTBa, ho mhhb- 
CTpy (J>HHaHCOBi» npe^ocTaBjaeTca pacnpocrpaHaTB o6u&m> h HaforeTH 
jpyrnx'B aoctohhctbt., no irbpii yBejOTeada sanaca KpeftHTHHTB 6h- 
ji6tobt> HOBaro o6pa8i^u 

5) Ob OTBpurieM'B otiaiiiHa, y^peatAema rocy^apcTBeHHaro 6raBa 
BUAanrB fiaiera HOBaro otfpasija bt> cnen. 6aHK0BHXT> iuaTeaeft no 
BBJia^aBTB, ccyjaarB, nepeBojaMfc n TeKymmrB vi&mwh qacTHHXT> jam> 



Digitized by 



Google 



TffTVP- 



— ccxvm — 

h rocyjapcTBeaaaro KaanaqeflcTBa, HacBOj&BO cie aobbojhtl sanacB 
hobhxi> 6hj6TObt>, ho fie HHOTe, saKx no Bpe f n T BapHTejLLHOMT> o6m4h4 
Ha HOBue 6ueru 6aieTOBT> npesnaro o6pa3ija, Hwiioin#XT> nocrynHTL 
no pa3HHMi> cxyraurL bt> 6aHE0BH& Kaccn. 

6) KpeftHTHue 6HJEeru &ecampy6xeBaro AOCTOHHCTBa npeauraro 
otfpauija, o6MiH6HHue na HOBHe, BHciuaHKrca bt> ii,eHTpaji»Hoe ynpa- 
Bjteme rocy^apcTBeHHaro (tansa, h, no noBfepsi*, npe^aDTCfl ymrqToae- 
hud, ycTAHOBJieHHH.Yit nopajptOMTb, BMicrt ct> (SfiureTaMH npeauraro 
o^paana Toro ate flocTOHHCTBa, saroTOBJieHHHMH bt> sanact. 

7) Ilpn o6Mifft npeacHHXT, Kpe^raHxt (HUfeTOBt Ha HOBue aojukhh 
6htb bt» tovocth cofijaDjaeMH BHeoqa&me yTBepameHHiw, 25 ceH- 
Ta6pa 1881 ro^a* npaBHja o6i> o6m4h4 BerxHXTb h noBpeat^eHHHxt 
Kpe^HTHHxi, 6njeTOBT> ^BaOTaTHnaTHpy6jieBaro aoeTOHHCTBa, o6pa3D,a 
1876 ro^a. 

8) 06mfie aaBijHBame onepaipei) o6irfjHa, corjacHO HSJKNKeHHHMT, 
wh npe^me€TByi>ni;HXi» nyHKTaxi. nocTaHOBJieHLorB, nopy^aeTca ijeH- 
TpajLHony ynpaRaemro rocyaapcrBeHHaro <5aHsa, a noBipKa npaBHJB- 
hocth npoHBBOxeTsa ohoS BoajaraeTca Ha rocyaapcTBeHHiril kohtpojb, 
Ha o6mfix r h ocHOBamaxTb, ycTaHOBJieHHHXT, aaa peBHsin onepaipfi 6aHKa 
3a ctotb saaHH. Mhhhctpb ^HHaHCOBi., cb cBoeft CTopoHu, HM*erc> 
npHiaataTb bc* Heo6xoflHMHa Mipu #ra coaiftcTBia ycntmHOMy xo^y 
flfcia. 

9) Eor#a, no coo6paaemi) KoannecTBa ocTaromnxca bt» o6panje- 
mH EpeAHTHfiEX'B 6iui&rowb aecarapyfijieBaro aocTomcTBa npeatHaro 
o6pa8B,a, npHBHaHO 6ypprh CBoeBpeiieHHinrB ycTaHOBHTB pja ofiarfiHa 

CHXT> 6HJieT0BT» OROH^aTOlBHUfi CpOKT», MHHHCTpi <j)HHaHCOBT> HMteTfc 

boSth, wh ycTaHOBjeHHOM'L nopafcsi, ct> HaAJtesan^HirB no ceuy npeA- 
MeTy npeACTaBaemeMT>- 

IIpaBHTejiLCTByDnpft ceHar& ho ocTaBHTB c#kzaTB k*b uproo^em© 
cero bt> HcnoxHeme saBHcamia on Hero pacnopaxeHia. 

Ha noAJraraom Co6cTBeeio» Ero HmrepaTopcKaro Beunecroa pyiOD HanHcaHo: 
B* aapcKom ce*4. v HHROJIAR". 

2 Mas 1895 roja. 

874^ 06* (MimmcmaeHHocmu 3a napytuenie epeMeunwrb npaeuAi 
Sah Aoea pt*6u ueeodoMu u eojwxyiuaMu na AcmpaxancKuarb pu6nuxv 

npOMHCAOXh. 

rocyaapcTBeHHHfi coBirt MHfbnieM* noAootcuAbi 
Biipe^t ao yrBepaweHw fl sasoHOAaTejBHOn'B nopjwci npoeKTa 
tfoBaro ycrasa EaenificRo-BdJUKOKHX'L ph6hhxi> h TD.ieHtHxx opoMii- 



Digitized by 



Google 






— CCXIX — 

ivKiin., nocTasoBHTt> Qjiixpnm}M npasiLia o&l OTFfeTCTBesHOCTH aa 
HapyineHie BHarcannie yTBOpat^eHHHx'K 25 ^Ka6pn 1894 r. Bpewen- 
etfiT» upaBHJiii AJA JOBa pu6u Heuo^aMo n BOJOKyrnaun na aerpa- 
saHCKRSL pu6oHXi> npoMHCiaxi, (cofip. yaaK. 1895 Pp. ct. 48): 

1 ) BiiHODeue si* ynorpe6.feain hh cymecTByttiUHXT. tghhxti irporRBy- 
nojoa^uxx (HaxoflainRxcjr o^nia npoTRB*i> apyroft Ha paaHuxt fteperaxii) 
hjh ctljiHazeHKhix-b (ee BH^epatinmroJUHXi* .pyxBepCTHaro weiyg} hh«h 
paacTOffHiii) eeBO^a ^hhosd fioxfee ihrprhh piKH ifl tomi> arfecrfe 
(it- 2 Bhc, j t tb. 25 ^eie. 1894 r. npaB.) — iiojvBepraHKrcj! fipaeMBQmf 
mucxamx) wb paa .■[-.[/ 1; cTa pyfijieJ. 

2) BweoBHue: a) ht, coaepataHiH na Kaac^OH tqh± Co,rfee o^oro 

HCBO^a H 0£HOH lipH HeMX MOTHTT (jlAU 1 Tl 2 BHC JTB- 25 fljBK. 

1894 iv iipaB.); 6) bt> eo^epiKaHiH^ jjjtji Jiosa cejfcftn, (joJife 0£&o£ 

BDJOKyinH CT. O^BOK) UpH HGH MOTHeK> Ha TOHtfXl, npOTHByflOJOffiHHX'L 

hjh cfijiHffieHHUXTi (n. 2 But!, yrs. 25 ^eK- 1894 r. npaB.), Jw6o 
Cojri&e ^Byxit BOJiOKynit cl f*t0BWf* aw npK hhxi* ibcjiomt* mothcr 
ea UpOOTri Tonaxt (n. 1 Bhc yTB. 25 a^e. 1894 r. opaB.), h-th 
b) Bii spaHeniR aauacHuxt HeBojjoBi*, bojokthtl h Moreen, uwk npo- 
MHooBHXb saBe^eHiH, tfjTHJKe j^ByxBepcTHaro orb TOHeft paanTOjraifl 
(n. 3 Bhc, yrB_ 25 ppx* 1894 r. npaB>), — -noflBepraiQTCJi ^neffiHtHwy 
satiCKaHiio bt> passriipli CTa pyfareH aa Donrifi Ha-rnnmiii npOTKBx 
^oaBOJieHHaro tmcja hobo^, BCiOKytny h.ih mothio, a panno aa kbm- 
Aoe HaftAeHHoe b-1* 3aupen;eHH0MT, ,tJtH xpaHeain h4ctS saiiacuoe opy^ie 
jiobh, xotji T>u cm opy^ia h ne HaxojuHjmcb bt» ynoTpefi-ieflm 

Caepxt cero, y BRHOBHtixi. B7, HapymeHiaxT*, y^i.tannuxi* B^cefl 
2 cTJiTFt s orfiHparoTCJT OKasafiiniea* Ha tohjixt> HHJHniHie, upOTHFb 
^odBOjeHHaro ^nrjia, Heno^u, bojiok^ub n mothh, bcjj eaH^eHHaa Ha 
TOHax'fc pHCa, a paBHo bc4 ofiHapy^eHHHJi bx Hepa3pttneHHHXT> &mh 
xpaneHiH wicTcixt ^anacHUJi opy^ia jtOBa. 

3) IlpH yHHHCfliH OJ^HM-h W TtM-L 3Ke .tHUOMT, fltCKOJIBEIlXh HpO- 

CTynKOBii, Hpe^ycMorp'feHHHXT> wb CTaTtaxt 1 h 2, a xaEffie bt* oiy- 
qat coRM-fecTearo coB^pnieflia cnxt npoCrTyincaBT> CTj^pyrHitH Hapyroe- 
bIhmh nocTaHOBjeHifl o pufiaOMTi npoMUC.rk Ha aerpaxaiiCKHX'ji pyft- 
miixi* irpoftfHCjaxi., « -.i - r. i YKwu;i CB BHHOBHaro j«Mn. k ;Kny;i h.iun;;juij]. u 
paBHO OToGpame hjh ynH^TOffienie ph<Sojobhuxi> cnacTeft, pu6a n 
Apyrnxt npe^ieTOBi) onpe^tiaroTca :ja Kaayi,oe HapymeHie m a OT^fe-tL- 

HOCTH, 

Ero HsinepaTopcKoe BejmecTiw) BacnocrBAOBaBmee wirfeme Bt 
o6in;eMTj cotipaHia rocy^apCTBeHHan) CoB-hTa 5 iiohji BHCoqaiinie yr- 

h^p.LflTI, COH3BOJHJIT. H HQBex£jTL HCHOJHHTL. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccxx — 

875. 06b onucaniu Buconauuie ymeepotcdennato, 16 demopn 
1894 toda, o6pa3ua npedumnato 6uAema 10 py6Aeeato docmouucmea 
noeou f/SopMbi u o6b ycmanoeAeniu cpona uanamis o6Mtbna ynoMxnymuxb 
(ntAemoeb. 

15 iHMfl tf 119. 

876. eo3epamn>, npu eueo3n> KanumeAtnuxb wdfbAiu 3a tpa- 
Huity, nouMum 3a ynompeOAennue npu eudn>AKfb cuxb u3dn>Aiu Mame- 
piaAbt. 

877. 06b ymeepotcdeniu ycmaea atcutioHepnato o(hu,ecm#a Many- 
(paKmypb H. A. Boponuna. 

878. 06b ycmanoeAeniu oco6ato donoAnumeAbnato c6opa ebMune- 
paAhuaw monAuea u coau na nonptamie paczodoeb no ynacmm topno- 
npoMunuennuKoeb torn Pocciu eb npedcmoxuteu HuoicewpodcKou eta- 
cma&Kfb. 

870. coeduneniu HepexmcnoU u KuueiueMCKou deopancmxb 
oneKb KocmpoMCKOu tyfepuiu. 

880. 06^ ymeepoKdeniu npaeuAb o nopjtiktb docMompa ueunycna 
3a ipanuy/y muumeAbntAZb wdtbAiu^ omnyacaeMuxb cb eo3epamoMb 
notuAum npo6upnoH u maMoatcennou. 

881. 06b ycmanoeAeniu na emopoe noAywdie 1895 %. utbHb ua 
XAfb6noe euno u cnuprm eb mnab nacmsxb EnamepunocAoecKou ty6ep- 
niu u o6Aacmu eoucna floucKaio, KomopbM exodnmb 6b paiom floneu- 
mxo KOMeHHoytoAhucuo 6acceuna. 

882. 06b ymeepotcdeniu tumama noAuueuctcou cmpaotcu eb Hoeo- 
pocciucKOMb ynacmmb, lepnoMopcKato oxpyta, Ky6ancnou o6Aocmu^ eb 
paioutb omb noceAKa Meeodieecnato do nopmoeuxb pa6orm eKMOHU- 
meAbno. 

17 iiOJUiK 120. 
888. 06b ymeepotcdeniu ycmaea ifaAatunuKoectcou XAtb6nou 6upotcu 
. C.-IIemep6yp%a. 

IS iiojn A* 121. 

884. 06b omnyotcdeniu^ U3b eAadtbnin zopoda Huotcnxio-Hoeiopoda, 
3eMAu nodb ycmpoucmeo deyxb doMoeb npu cmanuiu n Huotcmu-Hott- 
iopodb u y MocKoecno-HuotcewpodcKou otceAthmou dopoiu. 

885. 06b onmyofcdeniu 3eMeAb nodb nocmpouny uiupoKOKOAeunaio 
nodbtb3duato nymu omb xopoda BoAHanaca Kb cmanuiu 9 En>Aiopodb tt , 
KypcKo-XapbKoeo-A3oecKo& otceAftsnou dopoiu. 

886. 06b omuyotcdeniu 3eMeAb dAH pacmupenin cmanuiu Mocnea 
HuKOAoeecKOu otceAtb3uo# dopoiu. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCXXI — 

887. Otk omuyotcdeniu 3eMeAb noih nocmpouxy otceAtb3Hodopootc- 
naio ynacmna arm cmauuiu TAyui*, C.-IIemep6ypiCK0-Bapiua6CK0u 
weAftrfmu dojMWU) do cmauuiu IIuAAea, UpueucAHncKOti QtceAtb3nou 
dopoui. 

888. 06* omnyotcdeniu 3eMAU nod* nocmpouny KaaapMb y cman- 
ifin ^NoHhtm a i Kho3anadnurb otceAibsniaaTb dopoib. 

889. Ofo omHyotodeniu 3€Mau U3* UMnwix »EoAttuou-Rpu36ep%z*i 
fiapoua K&eticma, m> rpo6uncKOMb ytb3dtb KypAxudcKOu %y6epniu y d,iH 
njfom^odcm&a pa6orm no yAymuenwo npo<puAn nojiomna, na 267 — 
270 tiepcmazb JluCaeo-PoMencKOu otceAnancrii dopotu. 

890. 06t> omnyotcdeniu 3eMeA* « tmymecmeb, nompe6ntarb djw co • 
optjwfHix IfapmtwHCKOii enaneu u dpyiuxt pa6otm % pasptbtuenutaxb 
O&titecmffy i<^duKaeKa3CKoUoK€Afb3HOu dopotu. 

891- OCu omnyotcdeniu 3eMejib u uMyujecmto Saji ycmpoticmea 
meA7h3Hodopo&cHO# Auniu omh Campnauda do Anduotcaua, SaKOcniu- 
i-Koii meArb3HG& dopotu. 

892- 06t omHyotcdeniu 3eM6Ab u uMytyecme* djui ycmpoticmea 
meAfbanodo))ootcHoii enmeu ovm topoda TwpAttca do topoda Kapca. 

893. HtbKomqpuxh usMtbuenijiarb nocmaHoejieniu ycmaea o nu- 
mmnoMb c6opn>, Kacamyuxcx nopxdtca npoujeodcmea numeunoii mop- 

%WAU m 

rocpapCTBeHHidl CoffhTt, Murbniexb noAootctu*: 
L Bsaiw&H'b CTaTBH 5 npHmoaema I kt> cr. 455 (npHM.) ycraBa 
ofrfc aim. c& (CB. 3aK. t. V, H3A. 1893 r.) nocTanoBHTB: 

UpOIfHBG^CTBO pa8^po6HTeJILHOfi TOprOBJH KpfcllKHMH HailHTKaMH 
fl03B0J[fleTCff TO.ILK0 JHl^aMT», JIflBmjm'b HOOTHCKy BT> TOMt, *rro OHH 

tie no^Beprajmcb B3HCKamaMi», eotopuh no 3aK0Hy jininaiorL hit* 
npaBa ooAcpataTL npe^nojiaraeMoe kt» OTEpiraH) saBCAeme. 

II. I h- ..i.< mwraeme h mwbaeme no^eaamHxx cTaTeft foro ae 
ycraBa nocrunoBHTb: 

J[,\r €TKpuTi« bi» ropoxcsHxr* nocejremaxi. ry6epHift To6ojn>CKoft 
h TomcKoft, a Tasse CTeiraaro, HpKyTCKaro h IIpHaMypcRaro reHe- 
pajii-ryfiepHaTopcTBT., saBe^emfl, npoHBBoaanprx'i, ToproBM) KpiuKHMH 
HantiTKaBm ncEJ[i)TOTeju>HO Ha bhhocl, Tpe6yeTCji tojilko B&jrrieycTa- 

BOBJeHHHXT. IliTeHTOBT.. 

III. Ita> loffojHeffie ct. 1 or*, in Buco^afime yTBepatfeffHaro, 
8-ro iDHJi 1893 r., mh*hm I\>cyflapcTBeHHaro CowbTa o naTeHTBom* 
eft »j 1 3: ct, ; j i m ^emft ^jw npo^asH KpinKHra HamrrBOBi (Co6p. ysaK. 
h pacii. up;iBHT. 1893 ro^a, X 97, ct. 821) nocraHOBHTB: 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccxxn — 

3aBe,neHiffMT> TpaKTHpHaro npoMHCja Ha MopcKHXt KynaHLaxL, mh* 
HepajiLHUxi* BO^arL, rpasaxt h bt> apyrnxt TOMy noj^HHxt jeie6- 

HHXT> MiCTHOCTffXT> BT> HMEepiH, npOHSBOAHmHMt TOprOBJIlD JUnUB BT> 

Teneme j[e*re6Haro ceaoHa, BmaroTca nojiyroflOBiie naTeHTH, Ha cpoKi> 
ci» 1 Maa no 1 0KTa6pa. Chhcokt, yKaaaHHUxt MicraocTeft cocTaB- 
^HeTca no corjameHix) mhhhctpobt* (j)HHaHCOBT>, BHyTpeHHHxi» flijn. h 
3emieA4JiiH h rocyaapcTBeHHHXt HMymecTBt h nyfijcHKyeTca bo Bce- 
o6mee CBifltme, ycTaHOBjeHHHMt nopa^KOMt. 

IV. EpHJoateme I kt> ct. 455 (npHM.) ycTaBa o6t aKi^HSHHxi, 
c6opaxi> (cb. saK. t. V, hsa. 1893 r.) aohojhhtb oriyi.yromHM'L nocTa- 
HOBjemeMt: 

BHHOBHue bt. noM-fcmemH neBipHMXi> CBifliHiil bk noAHHCKaxt, 
npe,ncTaBJ[aeMHXi» corjacHO ct. 5 cero npHJioaema, no^epraroTca Ha- 
Kasamro Ha ocHOBamn ^on. kt. ct. 1169 yjoa. o Han. (no npo^ojac. 
1893 r.). 

Ero HMnepaTopcKoe BejimecTBO BocnooiiflOBaBinee Mffbeie bt> 06- 
wfiwh co6pamn rocyAapcTBefflaaro coB*Ta, 5 uoeh BHCOiaftme yTBep- 

XRTb COHSBOJHLTB H HOBeJltxt HCHOJIHHTB. 

894. 06h yeeAuueniu ocmenaio nanumaxa moeaputyecmea „ Cep- 
iuhcko- YcpaAeucKuocb topnmorb 3aeodoei u u o6h u3MtbHemu ycmaea ouaw. 

895. 06% mMtbueuiu u donojineniu dfbucmeywuworb 3aKononoMh 
ofceniu ofo> HncnetcmopcKOti nacmu tpaotcdaHcnato endoMcmea. 

TocyflapB HMnepaTopx, no nojioaemio KOMHTeTa mhhhctpobt>, yno- 
CToeHHOMy 1 i»ja 1895 V. BHCoiafimaro yTBepamema, — bt> HSMiHe- 
Hie h ^onojiHeme ^ificTByron^Hxt saKOHono.ioacemft o(h> HHcneKTopcKoft 
qacra rpaamaHCicaro Bi^OMCTBa, Bucoiafline noBejiTB coH8BO.iHjrT>: 

1) Bt> HSMiHeme ct. 9 Bucoiafime yTBepac^eHHaro, G Maa 1894 r., 
nojioaema o nponsBO^CTBi a4jt> no HHcneKTopcKoft qacTH rpaat^aH- 
CRaro Bi^OMCTBa, cjiyatetimui nepeMtHH no aoj%hoctami> nepBHxt 
Tpexi> KJiaccoBi* hsmtl H3t v&j&bml Co6cTBeHHofl Ero HMnepaTop- 
CKaro Be^nnecTBa KaHije-wipiH, a Konin BHCo*raftnraxT> no chmt> aojisc- 
hocthmt> yKasoBt coo6m,aTi>, corjacHO ct. 5 Toro ate noJoateHia, bt» 
Ha3BaHHyro KamjeaapiiD &i& BHecema bi> o6m;ifi Buconaftmifl npuKaat. 

2) EpHflflTL kt, pyKOBO^CTBy ycTaHOBjeHHiifi ct. 9 noaomema 6 
Maa 1894 r. no HHcneKTopcKoft nacra rpaamaHCKaro BiflOMCTBa no- 
paflOKt saMimema bhcuthxt. aojUKHOCTefi: a) jyin aojratHOCTefi IV KJiac- 
ca h 6) Bctxt HHanrnxt aojratHOCTefi, KOTopu« &o BBe^emii bt> flift- 
CTBie 3aKOHonojioaemfi G Maa h 4 man 1894 r. 6ujih 3aMiin,aeMU 
ci> BHCo^aftmaro coHSBOjema Hxi» HMnepaTopcKHXi> BejiBraecTBi>, 

i, rpHA. o6m. rh. rui 1895 r. 15 



Digitized by 



Google 



f 

/ 

/ 



— ccxxm — 



3) CoxpaHHTL HHHi .niftcTByromifi nop&AOKi>, no KoeMy no^iesa- 
n^a HaraiLCTBa bxo^tt* bi> Co6cTBeHnyi> Ero HunepaTopcKaro Be- 
jinqecTBa Kaun.ejflpiE) ct> npeflCTaBjemaitH o cjyatetiHHX'B nepeuii- 
Haxi>, yKasaHHHX'fc ct. 16 n. 1 Buco^atme yTBepffi,fl,eHHHxi», 4 iixaa 
1894 r., ^onojLHHTeiLHHXt npaBHjn> no HHcneKTopcKoft tocth rpaa- 
AaHCRaro Bi^oMCTBa, no riurB flOJUEHOcraMt V h VI KjaccoBt, no 
kohmt, noMaHyma nepeirbHH npoHBBOfl&iHCB, ao BBeaema bt> gkficTBie 
aaKOHonojoatemfi 6 Maa h 4 ima 1894 r., BiacTBD mhhhctpobt> h 
rjiaBHoynpaBjaKffl.HX'B ot^jbhumh racTaMH. 

4) Bhochtl no yKasanHHMi. bx npeAMAynj,HXi> 2 h 3 nyHETaxt 
A'fcjiaMt npoeKTTb craTLH Buconaflniaro npHKasa h Kparafi ciihcokt> co 
ciit^hHiffMH o npe^CTaBJiaeMOM'B jhh;4. 

5) Hpe^ocTaBHTB ynpaBJunDn^emy CoficTBeHHoro Ero BiinepaTop- 
CKaro BejHHecTBa Kamjejapiero AonycKaTB, no corjiamenk) ct> mhhh- 
CTpaMH h rjiaBHoynpaBJunomnMH, BHSHBaeMiia oco6eHHocraMH ot^6jb- 
hiixb bhaobi. rpaa^aHCEofi cxyactiH, BHAOH8&rbHema h coKpantema bt, 
nepe^Haxt, BBJUD^enHHTB bt> BpaTKifi guhcokb rafytfurift, Eoropra 
o6ycj[OBJHBaroTca oco6eHHOCT«MH npeAnnciBBaeMHXTb saKOHOMt yciOBift 
3aM$mema Toro mra .npyraro po,n;a AOjaKHoareft. 

6) Otm4hhtb coflepatameeca bt> ct. 5 ^onojHHTe»HHxi» npafinxb 
4 iroja 1894 r. Bocnpememe npe^pwrejiBHaro, ,n;o BHCOTOflmaro npn- 
Ka:m, aonymema HanajiBCTBaMH kt> AOjraHOCTaMt xsszh, He cocroa- 
mnxi> Ha rocyAapcTBOHHofi cjy»6i. 

7) Bt> BHCo^afinraxt npHKasaxx o Ha3HaTOmH aojukhocthhx'i. jnn^E, 
yKasaHHuxi Binne m> nyrafrt 2, Ha onpe^^ieme kohxt> Hcnpomeno, 
cor^acHO ct. 9 BHCO^aflme yTBepayi,eHHaro, 6 Maa 1894 r., nojioaceHia, 
BuconaSmee consBoaeHie, — o6osnaiaTb tocjo BocnocjiaoBama xaso- 
Baro coH3BOjema. 

8) Ob coxpaHemeMt bi> vbfljkmn Co6cTB6HHofi Ero HhinepaTop- 
cKaro BejHqecTBa Kamjejapin cjyae6HHXT> nepesrhHt, no H-feKOTopuMt 
AOJixHocTaMx rpaa,naHCKaro B^OMCTBa, yKasaimuMt bte> nyHKTax-b 2 
u 3 cero noaoacema, bo bc4xt> ocraJtBHHXt ciyiaax'B npoHSBO^HTB 
TaKOBLia nepeMisu bt» npeatHeMt, AiftcTBOBaBmewB #o 1 Hoa6pa 1894 
ro^a, nopa^Ki, BaaoTii) nofljieacamnxTb HanajiBCTBt. 

h 9) IIpe^CTaBjema HanaiLCTBi. o cj[yate6HHXi» nepeM^Haxt, Ha- 
npajueHHiia bt> Co6cTBeHHy» Ero HMnepaTopcraro BejuraecrBa KaH- 
uejapiro ao ana noaynema Ha Micrfe HyMepa „Co6pama ysaKOHemfi 
h pacnopaaemfi npaBHTejBCTBa", co^epatan^aro HacToam;ee Bwcoqafl- 
uiee noBejime, pa^ptmaTt bt> .niftcTByioni.eMt hhh* nopa^Ki, 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCXXIV — 

690. 0&h pmeepoicdemu noAomeniM n o nencioHHOMb mnumaAfb 
Hmenu eh Eoan> nomietmutato MMnepamopa AAaccandpa III eh U,ap- 
CKOceAWKoMb, eh naMHmt OunetjptoxoetfiXh, doMtb npuaprbHin 6fbdntaan> u . 

897. npunxmiu HMnepamopacaio C.-IIemep6yptCKaio Muue- 
pcwnuHecKaio OGutecmm no&b Bucouautaee nonpoeumeAhcmeo. 

898. nazHaHeniu nypca djM eeedemx eh dttucmeie mAomemmxb 
eh nynnrnth II BtAcana&iue ymeepmcdennaw eh 20 dent demOpsi 1894 
toda MHfbHtH Ibcydapcmeeunato Goewma wanoHeniH ofo yeeAuneuiu 
pc&Mnpa noiUAUHu, eoaqpcnyaeMoii npu eueostb xjwuwmofyMaotcHUXi 
usdfbMii 3a tpanuuy. 

19 taoui J« 122. 

899. 06h omneceniu na o(mix cpedcmea rocydapcmeeHttaw Kd3- 
naHeucmea tmnomcpuxh pacxodoeh, nonpueaeMbtxh u3h seMCtcuzh c6o- 
poeh. 

rocyAapcTBeHHHi} CoBirt, MtmnieMi noAooieuAh: 
I. Bb HSM^Heme h aonojHeHie noA*esan{Hxi» ysasoHeHid nocTa- 
hobhtb: 

1) 3eMCKia yHpeaaema 34 ry6epmft EBponeftcKofl Poccin, ynpaB- 
xaexuxi* Ha oftmpwh ocHOBamH (cb. sas. t. n, y. 1, hoji. o ry6. h 
yh3AH. seMCK. yip., cr. 1 npHM.) ocBo6oa^aiDTCJi ct> 1 anBapa 1895 
rofla OTh yiLiaTU Kasich noco6ift na co^epsame npeo6pasoBaHHurB no 
8asoHy 12 mxa 1889 ro#a mhpobhxt, cyAefiHHTB h no bp6Ctmhckhmt> 
A^aan* y^peacflemfi, h ct» 1-ro aHBapa 1896 vow on> mj&jm&R'h no 
coaepaamx) mpoBofi rocTmjin (Kpoirfi pacxo^oBTb Ha apecTHra nonrb- 
mema) h MieTHHXt no KpecTLaHCEmrB Khxawh y^peamemft Tairb, r^6 
ciH H8flep»KH npoHSBOwrca HenocpejCTBOHHO hbt* 86mcbhxi> c6opoBi>, 
a TaK»e on, pacxo^oBt no coaepaamx) ryfiepHCKHXt CTaTHcnraecKHxt 

KOMHTeTOBX. 

npuMfbuante. UocTynBBinia #o o6HapoflOBaHia cero ysaKOHema bt> 
Aoxo.pi rocyaapcTBOHHar * KasHaneficTBa noco6ia H3t seMCKHXB c6o- 
poBi> Ha eoflepmame mhpobhxt. h EpecTMHCKHXt yHpeoAemfi sa 1895 

rO^X CHHTaDTCJI npHHa&ieSHOCTBI) KadHU H BT> BOMCRie c6opUH6B03- 

BpamaDTca. MnHncxpy (|)HHaHCOBT> npe,a;ocTaBJweTCH saYHCJwrrL bth 
cjmmh, no xo^aTaficTBaMi. rytfepncKHxt somckhxi. co6pamft, Ha no- 
nojraenie ^HOianpxca sa seMCTBoarB hoaohmoki. oBHaYeHHHXt noco6ift 
3a npesHee rq 1895 ro.ua Bpeita. 

2) 3eMCKie c6opH Bt aeBaTH 8anaAHHXi> ry6epHiaxi>, a TaicaeBi 
ryfiepmaxT.: ApxaHraiBCKofl, AcTpaxaHCKofi, OpeH6yprcKofl, CTaBpo- 
nojBCBofi h KypjAH^cKod ocBo6oamai)Tca vh 1 AHBapa 1896 r. otl 

15^ 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccxiv — 

pacxoflOBt no coflepatami) mhpobhxt> cyaefiHHXT* ycraHORiemft (KpoiA 
H3,n;ep»eKT> Ha coaepatame apecTyeMHxt h apearHira noM$meHia), wrfc- 
cTHHxt no KpecTBjmcKHMt xkx&wh yqpea^eHift h ry6epHCKHXT> CTa- 

THCTH^eCKHXl, KOMHTeTOKL. 

3) CyMMH .seMCKHTL c6opoBT>, ocBo6oat^aH)ni,iffCfl otb pacxo^OFL, 
yKasaHHHXTb bt» ct. 1 h 2 HacToanjaro OT,i$jra, o6pam;ai)Tca, na 6y- 
,nyni;ee BpeMJi, HaqnHan ct yKaaaHHHXt bt> t6xt» ace qra'FBax'L cpo- 
KOBTb, bt> pacnopaateme ry6epHCRaro seMCTBa no ry6epmorL, bt> ko- 
htl BBe^eHH seMCKia y^peayjemji, h ry6epHCKHTL pacnopa,nHTejLHHn. 
KOMHTeTOBi> BT» rytfepHHix'L, bt, kohtb osHa^eHHua yqpe«aeHia He 
BBe,neHH (ct. 2), Ha o6pa30Bame oco6aro no icaamoft rytfepmn cne- 
i^iaJiBHaro KanHTajia, pacxo^yeMaro Ha y jry^nneme cymecTByjomnxt ny- 
Tefl cootfmema h Ha coopyaceme h co^epaaBde moccefiHHxt h rpyH- 
tobhtb ,nopon>, HMt»m;HXTb BHa^reme jyui MicTOHXt cejiBCK0X03afl- 

CTBeHHHXt, npOMUnLieHHHTK H KOMMepieCKHXT, HHTepecoBt. 

4) YnoMiiHyraa bt> ct. 1 cero saKjrarcema cyMMH, HffmcjaeMHa 
hhh4 no CM r feTaMi> ry6epHCRaro h yfe^aro seMCEaro c6opa, hckud- 
HaiDTca cl 1 aHBapa 1896 r. nst cooTBiTCTByronjHX'L no^as^hjemS 
chxt> cwpferL h cocraBJunDTt oco6oe noflpaa.niJieHie cmiTH ry6epHCKaro 
3eMCsaro c6opa. 

5) Bi> nopflypA pacxoflOBama osHa^eHranrL bt> npe.nxH.nymefl CTaTti 
cyMMi,, bt> ry6epmaxt, bt. kohxt, BBe#eHH seMCKia y^pea&flema, ort 
ycMOTptaia ry6epHCKHXt 3eMCRHXT> co6pamft saBHCHrc* mb o6pam;aTL 
Hxt Ha flopoacmra coopyacema, ncnoxnaeMHa pacnopaacemeM't ry6epH- 
csaro seMCTBa, hjeh HasHa^aTB H3t> hhxt* noco6ia yfeOTHMt seMCTBaart 
hjih ate nepe^aBaTL hxt, bt» pacnopaateme nocjfc,p[HXT>. 

6) CyMMH noco6ia Kasirt Ha coflepawnie npeotfpasoBaHHHXt no 
3aK0Hy 12 iroaa 1889 r. cy^Hmrc, h no KpecTwracKHMt xbj&wh 
yqpeameHift, BKjroieHHHa yae bt> cm4th seMCKHxx yHpeayjemfi sa 
1895 r., ho He nocTynHBinia enje vh EaccH MmncTepcTBa <J>HHaHCOB*b 
(ct. 1 npHM$q.) TaKace o6pain;aiDTca bi> yKasaHHHfl bt> ct. 3 cero 3a- 
Kjrarcema cneijiajiBHHii KanaTajrt. 

IIpuMnmme. HsJoateHHoe bt. cefl CTaTBt npaBMO He pacnpocTpa- 
naerca Ha cyMMH osHa^eHHHXt noco6ifi, npirarraromiaca RasHi 3a 
npearaee ao 1895 r. BpeMa bt» nonojneHie HHCJamnxca sa scmckhmh 
c6opaMH HeAOHMOirb. CyMMH 9th o6pam;aDTca hoxboctlio Bt ^oxo;^ 
sasHH. 

7) MnHHCTpy BHyTpeHHHXi» flijTL, no corjaraemro cl mhhhctpomt. 
$HHaHCOBi», npe^ocTaBJweTca paspimaTB no xo.naTaftcrBaM'L ry6epH- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccxxn — 

CKaxt 3eMCKHXi> co6pamfi h ry6epHCKHXi> pacnopa^HTejbHHXt komh- 
•reTOBt (wl ry6epmaxi», r;$ He BBe^eHN 3eacKia yqpea^ema), o6pa- 
m,eme ocBotfoa^aioin^ixca Ha ocHOBamn ct. 1 h 2 cero 3a&ooHeHia 

CyMSfB H Ha HHLW, KpOM* yKa3aHHHXt Wb CT. 3, HOTpefiHOCTH 3eM- 

CKaro xosjr&cTBa, a TaLme 3aHen» dTHX'b cjhitb Ha yMem»meme 3eM- 

CKHXT> c6opOBT». 

8) Bjama&mui yicasaHui o nopjwb ncn f JHema seMCKHMH yqpeac- 
nemaMB. npaBaia, ycTaHOBjeHHaro bt» ct. 3 cero 3aKimeHia, onpe- 
xkiHKmji no corjamemjo mhhhctpobt* BHyTpeHHHXi> ,n&n>, 4>HHaHC0Bt 
a rocynapcTBeHHaro KOHTpo-iepa. 

9) CyMMH, noTpe6HH« Ha co^epataHie ry6epHCKHXt CTaTHCTiarae- 

CKHXB KOMHTeTOBT* BT, m4cTHOCTJIXT>, Hepe i lHCJeHHHX , L BT, CT. 1 H 2, 

a TaEse Ha mhpobhh h KpecTKffHCKia yqpe&AemA, co&ep&WAua hhh4 
Henocpe^CTBeHHo h3t> scmckhxt. c6opoBT>, otfpamaJOTca cb 1 aHBapa 
1896 r. Ha ctotb rocy^pcTBemaro KasHaieftcTBa, co BHecemeMt hxt> 
bt> no^esan^ia no^jpasfli-ieHia (J)HHaHCOBHXT» cm4tl MHHHCTepcTBi> 
BHyrpeHHHXi. ;tfurc> h rocTmjra. 

II. npe^ocTaBHTB MHHHCxpy (J)HHaHCOBt, no coraamemK) CT> MHHH- 
crpoMi. BHyTpeHHHXB ^6jt>: a) pa3pa6oTaTB h bhccth, bt> nem> 6y- 
Aen» cjpfeAOBaTB, Ha yTBepa^eme Bt ycTaHOBwieHHOM'B nopa^Ki npa- 
Baia o hojmwA cocTaBjema, xpaHeaia h pacxo^OBama cnenjiajBHaro 
KanHTa^a, HasHaraeaiaro Ha coopyateme aoporB bt> ry6epm«x^, ne- 
pe*mcjeHHHxi> bt> ct. 1 h 2 ot^;. I cero saKjno^emji, h 6) no^Bep- 
rHyri> oco6oMy oficyaytemi) npe^qiojoaceme o npHM^HeHiH yEaaaHHoi 
bt> cTaTBi 2-d ot^. I cero saKJmema arkpti kt» rytfepmaarB Jta})- 
*rayi;cKoft h BcTJWHflCKofi h BHecrH cootfpaatema cboh ho ceMy npe^- 
Mery Ha paspimeme rocy,n;apcTBeHHaro coB*Ta. 

HI. Hpe^ocTaBHTB MHHHCTpy BCTHi^iH BHecrH Ha paspfememe B*B 
ycraHOBJieHHOH'B nopa^Ki npe^ojiomeme o6i> otm4h4 npHHaAJeaa- 
maro seMCKHMT, y^peat^eHiaM'B npaBa onpe^kMTB pasarhp'B co^epaa- 
ma cjyatamHMx bt> MHpoBHxt cy^HHXt ycTaHOBJiem£xi> h KaEra,e- 
jwpcbhxi> pacxo.noB'B ohhxt>, a paBHO ycraHOBiaTB hhcjo cjiyaKamnx'B 
npn MHpoBHxt CBfe^ax'B h cy,n;e6HHxi> npHCTaBOBi>; 

h IV. HpeflocTaBHTB rocy^apcTBeHHOMy ceicpeTapi), no cHonieHiH 
Ch no^iemamHMH B&AOMCTBaMH, boSth Bt coo6paaeme t6xi> h3m4- 
HeHifl, KOTopua aojukhh nocdw>BaTB bt> ^tftcTByion^HX'B ysaKOHeni- 
axt cb npeKpamemeMt noco6ifl KasHi on> seMCTBa, corjacHO ct. 1 
ot,b(. I cero saKJiDHeHia h ct> npHEffrieMt Hac^en* KasHH pacxo^oBx, 
nepeiHCjeHHHxi* bt> ct. 2 Toro me OT.n&ia, h npe^ojioaema cbohho 



Digitized by 



Google 



— coxxvn — 

ceMy npe,pieTy, BH8HBa»mia Heo6xo^HMOCTb saKOHOflaTMBHaro paspfc- 
mema, bhccth Ha yBaaeme rocy^apcTBeHHaro coBiTa. 

Ero HMnepaTopcKoe BejraraecTBO BOCnocjrh^OBaBinee traiHie bt»o<5- 
mpwh cofipamH rocyaapcTBeHHaro coBiTa, 1 iromi BHCo^aftine yTBep- 

flHTb COHSBOJBWfc H HOBejixfc HCnOJHHTB. 

900. 06b ymeepotcdeniu ycmaea Amwnepnaw o6iyecmea nepeato 
pyccKaw ocuMtmecKaio, XAonKOOHucmumeAbnato u 6n>AUAbnaw 3aeoda. 

901. 06b ymeepotcdeniu ymaea 06tyecmea npo6wno& <pa6puKU 
A. KpuwMum eb Puttb. 

902. 06b usMfbueuiu npaeuAh o sanucAeniu eouncnuxb nanoAb- 
nuxoeb KaududamaMu eb KOMaudupu nnxamntAXb noAtcoeb. 

908. pacutupeniu tumama KaAyotcctcato Mfbcmnato Aoaapema. 

20 IhmhJV* 123. 

904. 06b ymeepotcdeniu noAootcenin u tumama C.Hemep6ypiCKato 
otcencnato Meduuunetcaw uncmumyma. 

21 iiojfl M 124. 

905. 06b u3MtbHeniu nopndna esucKOHia u pacnpedtbAenin tumpcufi- 
Ht*xb deneib 3a nepecbuny usb 3a tpanuw* eb nonmoetaarb noKemaxb 
npedMemoeb, nodA#maw,uxb onMimtb maMootcennox) notuAuwm, 6e3* 
mdnucu na nafcemaarb o eAOotceniu cuxb npedMemoeb 

rocy^apcTBeHHiift Cob^tb, MutbnieMb noAootcuAb: 

Bt> otm*hy, HBMiHeHie n ^ono-meme noftteaanprrB yaaEOHemft 

nOCTaHOBHTL: 

1) 3a nepeciMKy H8i> sa rpassam bt> iichtobomt> naKerfe npejpie- 
tobt>, Kb npHBOsy AOBBaieHHHra, ho no^iemamHTL OMarfe TaMOsen- 
hok) noniiHHOio, 6e8i> Hajgracn Ha naKeri o b&ow&bxr chxx npe^Me- 
tob%, ct nojynaTeia naneTa, cBepxi* TaMomemoft nonuraHii, bshcrh- 
Baerca nrrpa<|)i», bt> passrfipi Tofl »e nomraHH KpeAHTHUMH py&mra. 
Bt> cjy^ai Heynjara hohudbhei h nrrpatjm naiy^aTejearB Hasera, no- 
caiflmfl, cb oKaaaBnraMHca bt> Hem npe^eTaani, (KrcuxaeTca otfparao 
Bt m4cto ero OTnpaMema. 

2) CyMMH, nocTynaromia, Ha ocHOBaoiH npeflnie.pieft (1) CTaraH,' 
bt> nnpa^t sa nepecMEy bi» hohtobecl naKOTaxi Hpe^HeTOBi, nojir 
jieatamnxt onjaTi TaMo&eHHon nonuHHOD, 663% Ha^nHCH Ha nase- 
Tax*L o BJOsemH chxt> npe,3;MeT0Bi», pacnpe#iujiH)Tca noAHocroi) Measly 

H0HT0BHMH HUH TaM0»6HHHMH TOHOBHHKaMH, ofiHapyaHBfflHlffl OSHa- 

qeHHue npe^Meru bi» naseTarB. 

Ero HMnepaTopcKoe Be-uraecTBO Bocnocrt^oiiaBinee Mffbrne bi»o6- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccxxvin — 

mea«> co6pamir rocpapcTBeHHaro coB&ra, 5 uohh BHCOHafime yraep- 

AHTL COH3BOJHJT> H IIOBejfcrb HCIIOJHHTL. 

006, pavprbiueniu o6vtecmey JIodsuHCKoU otceMb3uoU dopoiu eu- 
nycmumt tapanmupoeannt** IfpaetnneAhcmeoMh o6/nnamu Sax nonpbt- 
imn cmouMOcmu npedcmoxiquzb na omanenHOu dopom pa6omb. 

907. uoeou nocmanoetcfb npenodaeanix My3unu eb uncmumy- 
maxb etidoMcmea ynpeo/cdem^ MMnepampuuu Mapiu. 

908. HtbKomopuorb mMtbHenvuFb eb tumamtb Co6cmeenHoU Eto 
HMuepamopcKato BeAmecmea mntteAxpiu no yvpeotcdenixACb HMne- 
pamptmt* Mapiu. 

909. 06b ucKMOHeniu un BwwaUvie ymeepotcdefmato 20 anpn>AX 
1884 toda ycmaea dyxoenuxb anodeuM § 106 unpuMtbHamJiKb§45 
mow <me ycmaea. 

910. 06h yeeAuneuiu, dw dyxoentaxb ceMunapiti u ynuAtniyb mm 
MyomcKuxb, manb u oteenctcuxb enapxioAbnwcb % — Awmnuxb eaxattiu. 

911. 06b ynpeofcdeniu ei C.-IIemep6ypitb, na noofcepmeoeaumte 
noneHumeAtcmeoMb HMnepampm** Mapiu Ajiencandpoenu o CAtbnttZb 
50.000 p., r) HuKOMie60^AA€KcaHdpuHcnawdoManpudpfbmMCAn>nuarb u . 

912. npanmniu HjmepamopcKoti HuKOAaeecKotl IfapcKOceAt- 
ckou iuMHa3ht nodt Aeiycmtbuwee nonpoeumeAhcmeo Eto HMnepamop- 
nam BeAunecmea Focydapx EAtnepamopa. 

913. 06h ynpasdneuiu eb %. R&OMtb, Xapwoecnou vy6epniu, odnou 
doAotenocmu nomapvyca. 

914. 06b ynpeo/cdeniu eb m. CoAwtHf*, flotceeamcmto ynada Ea- 
kuhckoU lyfopniu, odnou doAotcnocmu nomapiyca. 

915. 06b ynpaedneniu no odnou doAotcnocmu nomapiyca eb top. 
OAbeionoAtb u nacadtb HoeoyKpatmwb % EAueaeemtpadacato ymda, Xep- 
cohckou %y6epuiu. 

916. 06b yimepotcdeniu npaeuAb o donoAUumeAtmiXb nedaiotuue- 
acuxb KAaccaxb 6ah nputomoeAenin ynumeAeu eb eoAocmnttx vikoau 
PuMCKaio yne6naxo onpyta. 

2% iwm M 125. 

917. npedocmaeAeniu o&utecmey napoxodcmm u mopweAu 
no&b (pupMoio ^A. A. Seeeice* npaea mnycna o6AutauiiH y cb coomenm- 
cmeeHHUMu u3MMHenisjm u donoAnenviMu ycmaea onaw. 

918. 06b ymeepotcdenm ycmaea Heectcaio jumvb-KAy6a, oocnumyaio 
no&b JmycmtbikuuMh nonpoeumeAbcmeoMb Eh EMnepamopcnaw Bwco- 
Hecmea BeAumu JCnjnunu Kceniu AMKcandpoenbu 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCXXIX — 

24 bo ah M 126. 

919. 06^ ymeepotcdeuiu noAootcemx o nepeoti 6eeo6u+eu nepenecu 
HoceAeniH PoccHUckou HMnepiu. 

rocyaapcTBeHHHft cob4tt> MHfbnieMb noAootcuAh: 

I. Bt oTAriray, H3M*HeHie h AonoJHeme noweatamHXi. ysasoHemfi 

HOCTaHOBHTB: 

1) Bceo6maa nepeiracB Hac&iema Hunepin HMiert h^jbio npHBecTH 
bt> H^B'hcTHocTB erj iHcieHHocTB, cocTaBTb h Micraoe pacnpe,a&ieHie. 

2) Bee 6m;eft nepenncH no^eatarc* Bci snrejiH HatnepiH, o6oero 
no.ia, BCABaro BOspacTa, cocToama, BiponcnoBiaaHia h meMOHH, KaKt 
pyccEie nowaHHHe, TaKt n HHOCTpamjH. 

3) Bceo6m,aa nepenncB nponsBOAHTca on BpeMeHH ,n;o BpeMera 
Ha ocHOBamn ocotfaro nojoaema, H3aaBaeMaro saKOHO^aTejiLHUM'B no- 
pa^KOMt. 

4) iipoh8boactb4 Bceo6me8 nepenncH o&hXBJweTcti BucoqafinraMi> 
yKaaoM-B, ct o6o3Ha^emejrb bt> Henri* o,aporo wa Bceft Hamepui flHa, 
kte> KOTopoiiy nepeimcB npiypoTOBaeTca. 

II. IIpoeKTT> nojoaeHia o nepBoft Bceo6m;efi nepeiracH Haceaema 
PoccificKOft HnnepiH no^secTH et> BHCOHafimeaiy Ero HMnepaTopcKaro 
BaairaecTBa yTBepamemK). 

III. Ha noKpHrie pacxoflOBt, BHSHBaeMUX'B nepBOD Bceo6m;ei> 
uepenHCBH) (ot^. II), OTnycraTL bt> pacnopaaeme MHHHCTpa BHyTpeH- 
hhxt> ;$xb H3T. cpe^CTBt iwyaapcrBeHHaro Ka3Ha?eficTBa: b*b 1896 r. — 
o.uhht* MHJjioHi> naTBCOTB AeBflHOCTo ojipy THCJwy cro narbflecara 
naTb pytfjreft; bt> 1897 r. — oahhi> MHJuriom, imtbcott> Tpnj^aTb Tucavh 
uaThjijecaTh ceMb py6jieft h bt> 1898 r. — ceMtcorb j&bsrocto nart 
Tuca^L neTHpecTa ceMbflecarb pyfaeft. 

Ha nojuHHHONb CoociBeHHoi) Ero HwiepaTopcKaro BeiireecTBa pyitOD HairacaHo: 

Bt> IIeTepro<J>4. „Jfft*m» #•• cej-u". 

5 Idbh 1895 r. 

IIOJI03KEHIE 

HEPBOfi BCEOBmEfl nEPEHHCH HACEJffiHIfl POCCIliCKOft 

HMHEPIH. 

I. Ofimia nojioxeHia. 

1) nojoseme o nepBoft Bceo6m,eft nepenncn Hacejrema pacnpocTpa- 
HaeTca Ha bcd HimepiK). 

IJpuMfbHanie. B-b cpejs$ HHopo^ecKaro Haceaema ry6epmft: Ap- 
xaHrejiBCEofl, AcrpaxaHCKofi h OpeHtfyprocoft, ofaacrefi: 3aKacmitcKoft, 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccxxx — 

YpajLCKofi, TypraScKOfi, AkmojehhckoA, CeMHnaiaTHHCKofi h Ceampi- 
qeHCKoft, KaBKascKaro h TypKecTaHCKaro Kpaa, a paBHO ryfiepHift n 
o&iacrefi Ch6hph, npasiua Hacroamaro nojioatema npHMinaiDTca ct> 
oTCTynjemaMH, yBasHBaeMHMH mehhctpomx BHyTpeHHHxt pfcxh, no 
CHomemH ct k4mt> cji^yert, ct> t4mt>, hto6h i\iaBHna ocHOBama 
chxt> oTCTyiueHift 6hih npe^BapHTejn>Ho noBeprayTH Ha Bucoiaftmee 
yTBepaK^eHie, nepest KOMHTerc* mhhhctpobt>. 

2) HepeiracL mrhen. ijiuito npHBecTH bt» H3BicTHOCTt cj4^yromi« 
o KasAOHx jnafc CBiw&Hia: a) raw, ottoctbo h (j>aMnjiio, rjih npo- 
3BHm,e; 6) ceaiefiHoe noaoateBrie (xojoctb, meHart, b^ob*, pwBejifiWh); 
b) OTHomeHie kt> xo&airay (poflCTBeHHinnb, CBoflcTBeHHHKt, npieMimrt 
elih sHJiei^B, npHCJiyra pa6oTHHKi> h t. n.), a paBHO Baamwaa ce- 
MefiHUA oTHoraema jnafb, He npHHa&ieatamiiXT> kt> ceaieficTBy xo-sanaa 
(cr. 29); r) hojstk, a) B03paan>; e) coaroame h jh cocjioBie; at) Biponc- 
noBi^aHie; 3) m4cto poat^ema; n) m4cto nocroaHHaro atHTejBCTBa hxr 
m4cto npHHHCKH, a #-ia HHocTpaHmeBt, CBepxx Toro h no^aHCTBo; i) 
arfecro nocTOAHHaro npe6uBama; k) po^Hoft a3HKi> j) rpaMoraocTB; 
m) saHorie, peaiecjo, npoMHcait, h h) BaaHhflnrie <|>H3iraecKie He^o- 
CTaTKH, KaBT> to: cainoTy, B&MOTy, rjyxoHiMOTy, .nymeBHyK) 6ojfe3HL. 

3) HepenHCb coctohttb bt> saHecemn bt, nepenHCHue jhcth cb4- 

AtHifl, 03HaHeHHHXT> Bt CTaTBt 2. 

4) Jl^a yflOCTOBipema npaBHJBHocTH CBi^Hid, 3aHOCHMiixT> bi> 
nepenHCHue jhcth, aoKyMeHTOBt He Tpe6yeTca. 

5) QepeoHCHue jhcth ne^aTarorca Ha pyccRoarB asmrib. ,Hja mIjctho- 
cTeft, r^i HaceJieme ynoTpe6jwen> npeiraymecTBeHHO MicTHua napi- 
<ria, HiriionUa imcBMeHHOCTB, ^onycKaeTca npHne^aTame Ha nepennc- 
huxi> JHCTaxx, csepxt pyccKHXt saro-iOBKOBt h TeKCTa, nepeBOfla 
ohuxt> Ha MicTHHa Hapiraa. 

D. Tqpes/ieHifl h juuia, 3aBt^uBaiomifl nepeoHCbio. 

6) 06m;ee pyKOBOflCTBo nepeiracBK) npHHafljeatHTt MHHHCTpy BHy- 
TpeHHRXt fltrt. MnHHcrpy npe^ocTaBJiaeTca: 1) HasHaraTL clBhco- 
Haftmaro coroBOJieHia, oco6hxt» ynojHOMO^eHHHXT> .nja otftejijiHeHia 
^bficTBift MicTHHxt nepeiracHHX'B y^peayjemfi h pa3TbacHema He#o- 
pasyxfeHJft, Morymnxt BCTp&THTBca npH nponsBOflCTBi nepenncn, h 
2) npHB^eBaTB kt» fliay nepenecn ^hhobx, KaKt BBipeHHaro eMyMH- 
HHcrepcTBa, TaKt h .apyrnxx Bi^oMCTBt, no coiMameHiro ct nocjiA- 
hhmh, a paBHo npHT^amaTB kt> yqacriH) bt» cewb xhxh xrht>. He co- 
cToam,Hx-L Ha rocy^apcTBeHHofi oiyac64. 



Digitized by 



Google 



-* 



— ccxxxr — 



7) J{a& 6jm»aflnraro saBiflHBama nepenHCHD, yqpeatfaiDTca: 1) 
b-l C.-IIeTep6yprh — iuaBHaa nepenncHaa kommhcut, 2) Ft rytiepni&x'i* 
(ofoacTaxTb) — ry6epHCKia (ofaacTHiw) nepenncHra kommhcIh, h 3) bt> 
yfeflaxt (oKpyraxt) — yfcsflHHa (oKpyatHHa) nepeiracHiM kommhcih. 

8) Bt» ropoflaxi.: C.-IIeTep6ypr*, Mocrat, BapmaB*, HmomeKb, 
KpoHmTa^Tfa, O^ecci, CeBacTonojrfc h Repra otipaaynrra oco6ha nepe- 

HHCHHfl KOMMHCiH. 

9) HeSaBHCHMO On y&SflHHX'B KOMMHCift, MHHHCTpy BffyTpeHHHXB 

A^xl npeAOCTaBjaeTca ofipasoaaTb ropoacKi* kommhcih bt> 8na«T&n>- 
hlixt> no HHCieHHocTH CBoero Hacejema ry6epHCKHxi> h yiiaxHHx* 
ropoAax'B, a paBHO bt> oco6o KpynHHxt noca^axi>, saBOjCKHXt hxh 
(j>a6pH T THUxi> h hhhxt> BfflorojJo^HHX'L nocejemaxt. 

10) TjcaBHaa neperacHaa KOMMncia o6pasyerca, noxi> npeacfcjaT&tt- 

CTBOMt MHHHCTpa BHyTpeHHHXT> £&£?>, — H3T» JQD^1», HaSHaiaeMHX'fc 

Buco^aftmeK) BJacTiro. Bi> ciyrafc hcbosmokhocth fljw MHHHCTpa npex- 
ci^aTejrLCTBOBaTb bt> sacft^amaxt kommhcih, ero saMiraerk npe^c*- 
AaTe.ii> cTaracTH^ecKaro coBtTa. HenpearfcHHHMt qjenoffT, ceft kom- 
mhcIh h ynpaBMromHM'L xhxmB oho# coctohtb ^npeKropx ijeHTpajt- 
Haro CTaTHCTHHecRaro KOMHTeTa MHHHCTepcraa BHyTpeHmx'B tfbjrh. 

11) ry<5epHCRia nepeimcHHa KOMMHCiH coctohti, ho^b npejefeaa- 
TejBCTBOMt ry6epHaTopa, H3t ry6epHCKaro npe#Bo;jHTejra #Bop&HCTBa, 
Bmje-ry6epHaTopa, ynpaBMronjaro KasemoH) najiaTOD, vem* otb boot- 
Haro irfe^oMCTBa (no HasHaneHiK) KOMaHjyromaro BoftcKasra noAieawn^aro 
BoeHHaro oKpyra), HpeaciflaTexa ry6epHCKoft 36mcko6 ynpaBH, oxhoix) 
nst rjacHHXt ry6epHCKaro seMCKaro cotfpama, no Bti6opy cero co6pama, 
HenpeM^HHaro iJieHa ry6epHCKaro hjth ry6epHCBaro no KpecTuracRHMt 
A^jaM^ npncyTCTBia noMonjHHKa upentihwrejui craTHcmraecKaro komh- 
TeTa h ceKpeTapa oHaro. Bt» cocraBt ry6epncKHx^ bommhcIA Moryrt 

6VTh Ha8Ha^a6MH, CBepXt ^JCHOBt On» BtflOMCTBT* MHHHCTepCTBl 
BHyTpeHHHXT> fl&Tb, BOeHHarO H (JjHHaHCOB'L, TaKSe H ^I6HH 0T1> jQ)y- 
rHXT> Bi^OMCTFL, OCJEH HOCj4flHHMH 8TO 6yN&Tb HpH3HaHO HeotfXOXHMHMT*. 

12) yfo^Htw nepenncHHa kommhcIh coctohtb no#B npejcftjareja- 
CTBOMt y^s^Haro npe^BO^HTe^ra ABopoHCTBa, hst» yfeflHaro ncnpaB- 
Hmta, yfo^Haro BOHHCKaro HaqajtHHRa, no^axHaro HHCiieKTopa, npe^- 
c&Wtejui yt.s^Hofi seMCKoft ynpaBH h oaHoro hst> rjiacnuxi* yta^Haro 
seMCRaro cotfpama, no BLi6opy cero cotipama, ropo^CKaro iuiobuhjh 
ropo^CKaro CTapocru. Bt> ropo^ax-B, vji'h cymecnryiwrB ot^&xehhh 
ropoACKia no,Tnn;eficKia ynpasjema bt> cocraBi ytsOToft nepeimcHofi 
KOMMHcin bxo^htb, CBepxt ji^flflSLro HcnpaBHHKa, Tasace nojDnqifimA- 



Digitized by 



Google 



TOT- 



— ccxxxn — 

crept. Ih> sacrfe^amnxTb KOMMHcifi npHcyrcTByrort, no Mipi Ha,a;o6Ho- 
cth, jihijo KOMaByqarpyeMoe rytfepHaTopoan*, a TaK»e 3aB4^HBaK)in;ie 
nepeimcHHMH y^acTKaMH (ct. 27). 

13) Bi> MicTHOCTaxt, ynpaBJiaeMHXt no oco6eHHHMT> y^pea^HiaarB, 
o&raaHHocra, BosaaraeMHa HacToamHMt nojioaceBdeMt Ha ry6epHaTopoBi> 
h B^e-ry6epHaTopoBi», HcnqjHJiiDTca cooTBiTCTByronjHMH aojjkhocthhmh 

.THDAMH. Bt> MtCTHOCTHXt, iy$ H*TT» npe^BO^TeJieft flBOpjfflCTBa H 

HeHpeM4HHHXT> ^TeHOBT, rytfepHCKHXt no KpecrwiHCKHM'b rf jaMi, npn- 
cyrcTBift, a Tarace tj& He BBe^eHO bi> ^ftcTBie nojo»eHie o seMcraxf. 
yqpeajemax'L, bt> cocTaBt ryfepHcraxt h yis^HHxt nepenncHNXT, 

KOMMHtift BXOflflTb, BSaMeHt Hpe^BO,HHTeJieft, HenpeMiHHHXTb «eHOBT>, 

npefldbaaTejeft aeMCKHXt ynpaBx h rjacHHxt seMCKHXT> co6pamfl, jraija, 
HasHaqaeioiA mhhhctpomt> BHyTpeHHHxt ^kit, no corjiamemro c% noa- 
jieacan^HMH uiflOMCTBaMH. 

14) Bi> oco6hxt> nepenHCHHXi> kommhclhx'b (ct. 8) npeac'k.naTejL- 
CTBy»n>: bi> kommhcwxt* C.-IIeTep6yprcKofi, MockobckoS h BapmaB- 
CKOt — xxu&t HasHa^aeMHa BHCo^afimefl BJiacrtro, no npeACTaBjemro 

MHHHCTpa BHyTpeHHHXT. rfiXB, a BT> HpOTOXt OCo6HXfc KOMMHCiflXt — 

ry6epHaT0pH h rpa^oHa^ajLHHKH, no npHHa^jieaKHocra. Bt> ropoflCKHXi. 
KOMMHciax'B (ct. 9) npe,fl;c*AaTejii»CTByH)n> jrmja, Ha.3Ha^aeMH« arfccT- 
hhmh ry6epHaTopaMH. 'LienaMH oco6hxt> h ropo^CKHXt KOMMncifi co- 
ctojbptb: o6epi>-nojiHiqftMeficTepT> hjh nojrmjiftMeftcTep-L no npHHa^- 
xe»HOCTH, Hxewb orb BoeHHaro Bi^oMCTBa (no HasHa^eHiro KOMaH^yio- 
maro BoficBaMH no^ieacamaro BoeHHaro oKpyra), noMomHHKt npeAcfc- 
jspresn h ceicpeTap& arfecraaro CTaTHCTHraecKaro KOMHTeTa (iy$ ecn> 
TaKie KOMHTeTH), o^ho hjih pa jrmja, no HasHa^emro Micraaro Ha- 
?ajn»CTBa, ropoflcsoft roaoBa wm ropoflCKoft cTapocTa h oothi h3t> 
rjiacHtixi, ropoflCKOft jijuh jh6o ropo^CKoft ynojHOMOTOHHufl, no bh- 
6opy Aywu hjh cotfpama ynojHOMOieHHHXT,. 

15) M4cthhmt» nepenHCHHMi. KOMMHcijorc. (ct. 7, n.n. 2 h3;ct. 8 
h 9) npe;i;ocTaBJweTCfl, cr> paapimemfl ry6epHaTopa, npnrjamaTL Kh 
yracri*) bt> cbohxt> Tpy^;axi>, na npaBaxt ^leHOBi., jihu^b, Morymnxt 
fom> noJieamaiiH #lwy nepenHCH. 

16) ,3,4jonpoH3BO^;cTBo nepenHCHHXi> kommhcH* BOsaaraeTca: no rjaB- 
Hoft KOMMHciH — na n;eHTpajBHuft CTaTHcnraecKift KOMHTert, a no 

npOTOOTB KOMMHCiflBTB — Ha OflHOIK) H3T> HJieHOBt OHHXt, no H36pami) 
KOMMHcifi. 

17) ^JIH 8aHflTifi HO ^'SjIOnpOHSBO.HCTBy BT> MiCTHHXT. nepeHHCHHXTb 

ROMMHciflxi», Ha3Ha^aDTCtf, no pacnopaaeHiH) ry6epHaTopoBi> 1 no^rt- 



Digitized by 



Google 




— ccxxxm — 

flOMCTBeHHiie HMT, TOHOBHHEH. Bl» KOMMHCiH MOryTX 6lITb EBSHSmaBMU 

cn> 3TOH) Jifczuo hhhbhheh h .apyrHxt, Eporcfe MHHHCTepcTBa BHyr- 
peHHHxi, aSmi*, Bt.aioMCTB'L, no corjamemK) ry6epHaTopoBi> ex m4ct- 

HHMH HaHaJELHHKaMH CHX1. BtflOMCTBt. 

18) HpeAci^aTejaMt EOMMHcift npe^ocraBjaeToa npnrjramaTb, &&a 
3araTift no ,n$JoirpoH3Bo^;cTBy bt> ohbtxt., TaK»e h jnan^t, He coctoh- 
mnxt Ha rocy^apcTBeHHoft cjiyatfii. ^ja npHrjiameHm TaKHXi, jhicb 
bt> yftvpua h ropo^CKia KOMMHcin, TpefiyeTca pa3p*meHie ry6epHaTopa. 

19) Jta^aMx, Ha3HaqeHHHM'B bt» nepenncHtw kommhcIh HaocHosa- 
hih CTaTLH 17, npoHSBO^aTca nporoHHH«, cjtoihhji h KBapTHpHHa 
j&Hbni bt. paswrfepi onpe^ijeHHoarL ycTaBOMt o cjy»64 no onpe^tfi- 
jemro otf, npaBHTejLCTBa. Thwh H3t chxtb junp>, eoh TOHa h6hm4- 
K) f n>, ^eHLrn ara Bi^aiOTca bt» pasMtpi ycTaHOB^eHHOMi. .hjh tohob- 
hhkobx o6ep r B-o(J>imepcEaro ^araa. JI^aMt npnr.iaineHHHM'B .nja aa- 
HHTifi bt> KOMMHcin Ha ocHOBaEQH CTaTBH 18, BHflaeTca B03Harpa»- 
fleme no corjamemiD ct» hhmh. 

20) Ha rjaBHyro nepenncHyio kommhcI© BoaaaraeTca: 1) pyEOBO*- 
ctbo BciMH no^oTOBHTejLHHMH no nepenHCH ar&paMH*, 2) cocTaB^eme 
(popMx nepenHCHHxt aHCTOBt h bc4xt>, oTHocanpixca kt> xbxj nepe- 
hhch, HHCTpy^ifi a paBHo njaHa paspafioTKH nepenHCH; 3) coe^n- 
Heme ryoepmfi h otfjacTeft bt> nepenHCHua paioHU h pacnopaxeHia 
no KOMaH#HpoBaHi» wh EaayjHfi H3t hhxt, jmjt, Ha3Ha^aeMHXi» ^m 
o6T>e,nHHeHia ^ftcTBifi MicTHHXTb nepenncHHXt yqpe»aeayi;eHifi (ct. 6, 
n. 1); 4) HCHHaieme h pacnpefl&ieHie cyMM-L, nofljieaamHX'B paexo^o- 
Bam© H3t Kpe ( ipn , a, iiccnrHOBaHHaro Ha nepeiracb; 5) pyBOBOflCTBO aift- 
cTBiaMH MicTHHXi, nepenHCfflaxt EOMMHcift h na.6jooflfime sa npaBHJB- 
hoctbi) chxt. ^iflCTBift; 6) paapimeme BCTpiraeMHxt ry6epHCKHMH 
h oco6hmh nepenHCHHMH EOMMHciaMH HeflopasyMAmft h BonpocoBi* ho 
npoH3Bo,ncTy nepenncn h 7) pascMOTpime awuo6i> Ha HenpaBHJbHtta 

tffcfiCTBia CHXt KOMMHCift. 

21) Ha ryfiepHCKia nepenncHiia eommhcih B03jaraK>Tca: l)pacno- 
paAHTejBHHa ^iflcTBia no o6pa30Bamio yis^HHxt h ropo.ncEHXt nepe- 

ITHCHUX'L KOMMHCifl; 2) pyKOBOflCTBO fltfiCTBiflMH ynOBWHyTHXT* KOMMH- 
Cifi h na,6xjo%eme sa npaBMbHocTMO chxt, .niftcTBift; 3) Ha^opi* aa 
npaBHJLHOD h CBoeBpeMeHHoro pa3cu.isoK) nepenHCHLix n b jehctobi> Ha 
MicTa; 4) paspimeme h yzeYh pacxo^oBb no nepenncn bt> npe^'kiaxx 
cyMMi,, HaaHa^eHHHxi> Ha ry6epm»; 5) Ha6jiiD^eHie sa npaBHJbH£iMi> 
o6paTHNMi> nocTynjieHieM'B h npHBe^eHieMt bi> nopa^oKt Bcero nepe- 
nncHaro MaTepiaxa, no oEOH^amn nepenncn; 6) pasptmeme BCTpina- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCXXXIV — 

eMHXt yis^HHMH h ropj^CKHMH KOJDiHciaMH He^opasyM'fcHifi HBonpo- 
cobt> no npoH3BO,a;cTBy nepenncn, h 7) pascMOTpime acajodi, Ha He- 
apaBJUBHLLff .^iftcTBia chxx kommhcIA. 

22) Ha yfe,HHHfl nepeiracHiw kommhcIh B03aaraeTca: 1) pas^fe- 
jeme y*3A0Bi> h rixt ropoflOBt, bt» kotophxt. He 6y^ert o6paao- 
BaH oco6hxte> mh ropoflCKHxt KOMMHciS, Ha nepenncHHe ynacTKn 
(ct. 25); 2) nsGpame 3aB$,piBaJomHXT> chmh y^acTKaMH (ct. 27) h 
onpe.n&ieHie *racja CTeTTOKOB r b bt> KaayjoMT. yracTirib (ct. 28); 3) cHa6- 
ateme no.njesamnx'L, b-l npe^fijaxt yfe^a, ycTaHOBaeHifi h jrHijt ne- 

peHHCETHMH JHCTaMH H HSflaHHHMH TjiaBHOH) EepenncHoio KOMHHCieD 

HHcrpyKi^iaMH; 4) pacnpe^hjeme Meamy y^acTKaMH cyMMt, accnrHO- 
BaHHiixi> Ha nepenncB ry6epHCKO» KOMMnciero; 5) noBipica nepenncn; 
6) paspimeme BCTpi^aeMMXt Ha wrf&CTaxTb Heaopasyarfemfi h Bonpo- 
cobt> no npoHSBOflCTBy nepenncn; 7) Bet ocTajLHtra pacnopaaeHia no 
nepenncn, Bam, bt> ropo,n;cKHXT> nocejemaxx, TaKt n bt> yfe^axt, n 
8) paacMOTpime s&sulg&l Ha HenpaBHjn>mM .a^flcTBia ycTaHOBJiemfi n 
jhht>, nponsBOAantnx'b nepenncB. 

23) Ha oco6un nepenncHun kommhoh BoaiaraDTca, no npoH3BO£- 
cTBy nepenncn bt> no.pii.fliOMCTBeHHHX'L nan* micTHocTaxt, bc* o6a- 
3aHH0CTH ryfiepHCKHXt n yfesAHHxt nepenncHMXt KOMMncift. Ha ro- 
poflcma EOMMncin B03Jara»Tca, bt> npe^kiaxi> no^Bi.a.OMCTBeHHHXi* 
mn> wrfecraocTefi, ofiasaHHOCTn yia^nHxt nepenncnHXT, KOMMncifi. 

24) Bt» TjiaBHoS HepenncHoft KommhcIh p$jlsl p&maroTca ex co6-oo- 
jeniearR nopa#Ka, nocTaHOBaeHHaro wa CoBtTOBt MnHHCTpoBx bt> 06- 
in;ean> o6pa30Bamn MHHHCTepcTBT,. Bt> m4cthhxt> nepenHCHHxt kom- 
MHcinxx flfria, pimaroTca no 6oJtBmnHCTBy iuiocobt>. HpefldMiaTejao 
KOMMHcin npe^ocTaBJweTca, o,pra,KO, bt> cjy^a* Hecorjacia ero ct pi- 
memeMi> 6oJLmHHCTBa iweHOBt oHoft, npiocTaHOBHBt ncnoaraeme Tanoro 
pimema, bhccth BOSHnnmee paaHorjacie Ha paspimeme BHcmefi hh- 
CTamjiH. HesaBHCHMO orb cero, Bt oiyqaaxi,, He Tepnam^xt OTJia- 
raTejLCTBa, npe^ci^aTeJiL MoaterB ^fciaTb npaMNa orc> CBoero jnu,a 
pacnopaacema n npe^qincama no ^fejry nepenncn. Bctxt TaKnxt 
pacnopaHemaxt n npeOTHcamaxt npeAci^aTara kommhcIS ry6epn- 
ckhxi> n oco6hxt> ^OBO,n^n» ao CBi^fima TjaBHofl HepenncHoft Kom- 

ncin, a npe#dM;aTeJH KOMMncift yfe.nHHX'B n ropoflCKHx-L — ao CBi- 
xkma ry6epHCKHXT> KOMMncifi. Bm4ct4 ct» rhwh, npe^ci^aTejiH o6a- 
3aHH o CA^aHHHXt hmh pacnopaseHiaxi> n npe^Hncamaxt coo6n^aTB 
h KOMMHciaarb, cocToam;nMi> no^i» nxt npe.nch^aTaiBCTBOM'L. 

25) ^ia npoH3BOACTBa nepenncn, yi3,iqa n ropo.ua pa3,n^iaDTca t 



Digitized by 



Google 



w^^^l 



— GCXXXV — 

coo6pa8HO a* MicTHHMH yc^OBLAMH, Ha nepeimcHHe y^acTSH. Bt irfc- 
CTHOcrax'B, bt» Komt BBe^Ho nojoseme o seMCKHXi* y^acTKOBUxt 
HaHaxbHHKaxi>, yqacTKH tin npiypo^HBaiOTca, no bosmojkhocth, m» y*a- 

CTKaMT> 3eMCKHXt Ha^aJBHHEOBl*. 

26) Bt cocTaBx yfe.nHHXi* nepenncHHX'L yiacTKOBt BXO^arL Kan 
ropoAa, bt> KOTopuxt Hey^pea^eHo oco6wxt> h ropoflCKHXt Koanracift 
(ct. 8 h 9), TaKt h ceaema, OT,n$j[BHHe yca^H, xyropa h Bootfme 
BCflRaro po,3,a nocejucn Ha Bjrayi$jttqecKHXi> > Ba3eHHuxi>, yn*kn>HHXT>, 
i^epKOBHHXTb h ,npyrHXT> sejoaxi.. 

27) Bt Kaac^oarL neperracHOMi, yracrafe noiaraeTca BaBiygaBaDmifi 
ohhmx. Bx m4cthocthx'b, r,n$ BBe^eHO naioateHie o 36mcrhx'b yra- 
ctkobhxt> Ha?ajBHHRax?>, aaBi^EiBame nepenHCHUMH yracrKaini Boaia- 
raeTca, npeHMymecTBeHHo, Ha seMCKKXx Ha^aiLHHKOBTb. Bt> bActho- 
CTflXT*, rjsjb HasBaHHoe nojoaseme He BBe^eHO bt> aiftCTBie, kt> saB&- 
flHBami) ynacTRaMH npHrjamaDTca, ct> yTBepaflema ryfepHaTopa, 

JlHpOBHC HOCpe^HHKH, TOHOBHHKH HO BpeCTBflHGSHM'B .H^TOM*, Henpe- 
MtHHLie HJeHH yte^HHXB HO KpeCTMHCKHMT, Ji$A8LWh, IipHCyTCTBifi, 

KOMMHcapu 36MCKie 3aciaaTejra, no^aTHHe HHcneKTopiH h *pyria, 

BHaKOMHH CT» BiiCTHHMH yCJOBUiMH, JfflltfL 

28) ^jm coflfcftcTBia saK&AHBaronjHin* nepeiracHHMH yrocTsaiiH 
noJiaraioTCii c^eTftHKH, npHTJamaeMue 3aBiAUBa»iu,HMH ynacTicaMH. 
Kt> odfl3aHHocTaMt cieTraKOBT* OTHocHTca pa3,a;a^a nepenncHHXi> jdi- 
ctobt. no npnHa^sesHOCTH, nojtyneme hxt> o6paTHb a noB&pua aane- 
ceHHHXi. m> ohho CBtflimii, a bt> cejeHiax-B — h caMoe 3anoJHeme 

03Ha^eHHUXl> JHCTOBT>. 

ID. flopfl/jOKt npoH3BOACTBA oepenicH. 

29) HepeiracB nponsBo^HTca no ot^jbheibtb xosaficTBaira,. 

30) Cwhfl$ma, osHaneHHiw Bt CTaTLi 2, BHocjrrca bt» nepenncHue 
jihcth, no,p» EatijUD&ememy jhivb, 3aB*#HBaiDmHX'B nepenncHHMH y?a- 
CTKaMH: 1) bt> cejemaxi, — cneTHHEaMH, npn fijiHatafimeMi. co^ftcTBiH 
bojiocthhx'l cTapniHFL, a paBHo cejLCRHX'B CTapnmffB h CTapocrt 
hjih samiHaiontHXT, hxi> aojHRHOCTHHXt jehh^b cexscKaro ynpaBjema; 
2) bo Bjafl&iBHecKHX'B yca^B6axi> h xyTopaxt, Ha sejuaxi. n.epsoB- 
huxt> h MOHacTupcKHXt, Ha (J>a6pEKaxi> h saBOflaxt, Ha CTamuaxt, 
npncTaHaxib, napoxoflaxi* h pasHaro po,n;a cy^axt — BJifwiifci^aMH yca- 
Re&b h xyTopoFL, HacTaaTejwMJi uepKBeft h MOHacrupeg, saBi^zpfBaD- 
h^hmh <J>a6pHKaMH h 3aBO,a;aMH, jran^aMH, bt> Henocpe^CTBeHHOMt Bi^mH 

KOHXT> COCTOHTL CTaHl^H H IipHCTaHH, H KOMaH^paiffl Cy^OBX, HO 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCXXXYI — 

npraaAieatHocTH; 3) Ha 3eMjaxt Bja#4jB*ecKHXi>, KaaeHHuxx, y^kn>- 

HaiX) H XPJTBX'h B^AOMCTFB, CCJH TaKOBHfl 3eMJH C^aHH BT> HaCMt 

hjh bt> apeH^Hoe co^epsame, — d>eMnpnwuiH n apemaTopam, h 4) 
m> ropo^axx — KBapTHpoxo3aeBaMH. 

31) Bt> saseHHuxL h o^mecTBeHHUxt y^ipeamemaxTb h saBe^e- 
hlhxt>, bt> tocthhxi* 6jaroTBopHTejn>mjxi> y^peaAemaxi. Hy?e6HHX?> 
saBejeHiaxx, npiKTax'B, 6ora;vfejn>Hax r i>, a paBHO fl TroptMaxt n je- 
He(HUXi> saBe^eHiaxx, BHeceme bt» nepenncHue jhctu CBiflimft o 
iHi^axT>, koh, npHHa&ieata kt> cocTasy chxt> ynpea^eHifl HsaBeaeHift, 
nposHBaDrB bi> sflamaxt ohhxt>, He sammaa oco6mxt> KBaprapB, 
lezHTL Ha ofiasaHHocTH HaqajLHHKOB'L 08HaTOHHHXT> yipeamemfi h 
aaBejemfi hjh jhijt>, hmh 3aBi b piBai)i^HX'B. QepenncHKe ate jhcth 
o rtxx H3i> jhht>, boh, npoacHBaa vb npHHafljeaamHxt juouaBymwh 
y^pesAeHuofB h saBe^emmrB sflamaxt, 3aHHMax>Ti> oco6h.h KBaprapH, 
aanajHaxxrca KBaprHpoxosneBaMH, Ha o6mean> ocHOBaHin, npn coflftft- 
CTBiB Haqajo>HHKOBi> ynpeaweHift h saBe^emfl hjh saBiAUBaDHprn 

OHHMH. 

32) BHeceHie bi> nepenncHHe jhcth cBtflimfi h HHHaxi>, cocroa- 
mHXT> Ha .aJfiCTBHTejiBHoft cjy&6£ no BoeHHOMy h MopcROMy b^om- 
cTBaMt, npoH3BO,HHTca, KaKi. b*b ropo^axi,, Tarb h m> fhspflXh: l)aja 

BCtxi> BOOCffl,e HHaHHXtHHHOBT, BOeHHHMT* HJH MOpCKHMt Ha^aJBCTBOBTB, 

2) &xa qHHOBt o^HuepcKaro 3Bama, iipo»HBa»mHXT> bt» sflaHiax'L, aa- 

HHMaeilUX'B BOeHHHM?> HJH MOpCKHMT* B^AOMCTBOVL, — KBapTHpOXO- 

saeBaMH, no pacnopflsemx) BoeHHaro hjh wopcKaro Ha^ajBCTBa, h 3) 
XXH tohobi* o^fn^epcsaro sBamji, nposHBaRnpunb Bfffc s^amfi, saHH- 

HaeMUXT, BOeHHtIMT> HJH MOpCKHMX b4^omctbomt>, KBapTHpOXOSJieBaMH, 

Ha o6m,eMTb ocHOBamn. CfAxbrna o JHijaxi,, He npHHafljeaamnxt 
tt BOeHHOHy HJH HOpCKOMy Bi^OMCTBy, HO npoxHBaJom.HXT> bt> s^a- 
Hiaxi>, 3aHHMaeMHXt chhh B*k#OMCTBaMH, saHOcaTca bt> nepenHCHue 
jhcth, Ha o6n^eafL ocHOBamn, KBapTHpoxosaeBaMH, no pacnopa»eHk> 
BoeHHaro hjh MopcKaro HanajBCTBa. 

33) HepenHCHHe jhcth cocTaBja»Tca bt» flByxx BKseMnjapaxi,. 
Oi nepenHCHHxi* jhctobi> o JHniaxt, no.zgsiflOMCTBeHHHX'B KpecTLtfH- 
ckhhx otin^ecrBeHHtun, ynpaBjeHiHMT>, cin noorh^me CHraaroTt Konin 
co6cTBeHHo aj& Haj;o6HocTefi 03Ha?eHHHx?> ynpaBjemfl. 

34) Ho HacTynjeHin am, Kb EOTopoMy npiyponeHti nepenncB, ne- 
peiracHKe jhcth ncnpaBjaiDTca jHijam, Ha kohxt> B03J0»eHa o6«- 

SaHHOCTB HXt COCTaBJeHIS (CT. 30 — 32) COOTB&TCTBeHHO H3MtHeHiiIM'B, 

npoHcme^niHM'L kt> osHa^eHHOMy ahd bx cocTaBi Kanc^aro xoaaficTBa. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCXXXVII — 

Ho HcnpaBJieHiH jracTOBt, ohh no^nncMBaiDTca ynoMHHyrHMH .mjaMH. 

35) Ho saBepmemH nepenncn, 3aBi^HDaroiirie nepenHCHHMH y^a- 
CTKaMH npoH3Bo^an> nosipKy ea, no^t HaCjuoaeHieMT. oco6hxt>, yfo^- 

HBIXt H ropOflCKHX'L nepenHCHHX'L KOMMHCifi, b*l cpoKH, yCTaHOBJieH- 

Hue TjaBHOK) UepenncHoio KoMMHciero. 

36) Ilocjrh npofiipKH nepeiracHHXT> jhctobt, (ct. 35) ohh npefl- 
CTaBJraroTca sasi^HBaiomHMH y^acTKaMH wh oco6h«, ykwraa h ro- 
poflCKia nepeimcHHa kommhcIh. KommhcIh yfe^HHii h ropoflcraa, He- 
MeweHHO no nojiyqemn jehctobt, h no hxt> noBipKi, npeflCTaBJunorB 
Bci co6panHue hmh nepenncHHe jhcth bt> no^eatamyK) ry6epHCKy» 
nepeiracHyro KOMMHciro, ct npaioaemeMt noflcmTaHHHX'L hmh HToroBt 
nepeiracaHHaro Haceaema, pacnpe,n&ieHHaro Ha MyacKoft h meHCidfi 
HOJL. Bt MtCJFfflHfi CpOKt co .pra npeflCTaBjeHiH nepenHCHHx-B XH- 
ctobx bt> ry6epHCKyio KOMMHciro, vh tiro nocjrfe,HHK)K) npeflCTaBMiOTca 

yfeflHHMH H ropO^CKHMH KOMMHClffMH TaK»e OTieTH HXt xhftCTBiHX'h. 

37) HoBipKa nepenncn (ct. 35 h 36) HOBcearbcTHO 3aitaHHHBaeTCH 
He no3,nHie qerapext Micau.eBt co .una, kt> KOTopoMy nepenHCB 
npiypoqeHa. 

38) ry6epHCKia nepenncHHa rommhcjh, no no-tryHemH nepenncHux-B 

JHCTOBX OTTE> HOflB'IflOMCTBeHHHX'b HMT> KOMMHCifi, a 0C06h« KOMMHtiH, 

no nojy^emn osHa^eHHHXt jihctobt. Henocpe^cTBeHHO ott» 3aBi^HBa»- 
n^Hxi. nepenHCHHMH yqacTEaMH, ynocroBiparoTca bt» tomt,, hto jhcth 
cin .nocTaBjeHH orc> Bcixt ycTaHOMemfi h jnmt, npoH3Bo#HBnrax'i> 
nepenncB. 3acHMT>, ry6epHCKia h oco6hji kommhcIh npeflCTaBJjuorB 
bt> TjiaBHyK) HepenHCHyro KoMMHciio o^hht> nojiHHft BK.ieMnjrap'B ne- 
penHCHHXt jhctobt,, BMicrfe ct HToraMH Hacejema no ropo,naari», 
yfe^aMt h ry6epmjiMT>, ci> pacnpeAiaemeMt oHaro Ha MyacKoS h 
aeHCKifl hojtl. BTopoft aKseMniapB osHareHHHXt jhctobx nepe,n;aeTca t 
jym xpaHema, bt> o,hho H3t m4cthhxt> y^pea^emft MnHHCTepcTBa 
BHyTpeHHHXt Jl$xh, no yKa3amio MnHHCTpa BHyTpeHHHxt J1$jti>. 
Bt> MicOTHHft " cpoKi. co aaa npe.ncTaB.ie ma nepenHCHHXt jthctob-b 
bt, TjiaBHyro IlepenHCHyio KoMMHciio, bt> ciro nocjrfOTroro npeflCTaB- 

JWiOTCa ryfiepHCKHMH H 0C06tIMH KOMMHCiflMH TaK»e OT^eTH HXT, 

^iftcTBiaxx. 

39) Microtia nepenncHUA kommhcIh, no Buno.iHemH BoajioaeH- 
huxi> Ha hhxx o6n3aHHOCTefi a bo BcaKOMi* cjiyqai He nos.apie mecTH 
Mt«meBT> co .npji, KtKOTopoMy nepenncL npiypo^eHa, — 3aKpHBaiDTca. 

40) CTaTHcnreecKaa pa3pa6oTKa .naHHHXt, co^epaamnxca bt» ne- 

penHCHHXl. JHCTaXt, npOH3BOWTCJI lJeHTpa-ILHHM'L CTaTHCTH^eCRHMI* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccxxxvra — 

KoMHrerom, no njaHy, cocTaaieHHOMy r*aBHQ» HepenHCHoiD Kom- 

41) Go6paHSHH nepeinicMo cvhj&m& He no^esarL paapatfoTKi 
h ogygjHEOBaHJD Ha ar&CTaxt. ^.Jia Hsaie^ema CTaracraraecBaro Ma- 
Tepiaia hst> nepenHCHuxi» jhctqb% h &ml cneitf&iLHoft paspa6oTKH 
oearo, Tpe6yerca paap&neme MHHHCTpa BHyTpeHHHXx ,B,4jri>. 

42) BiflOMCTBy h yqpea^eHiH, a paBHQ ^acrsua JiHija, ofasaHH 
osasiiBaTB Ha&iejRaniee coaificTBie wenaMx nepenncHuxt KOMMHrifi, 
a Taxse BaB^preaDin.HM'B yqacTKaMH h cieriHjcaM'b, h 6esoTjara- 

TftXBHQ HCHOJHOTL HXl SaKOHHHH Tpe6oBaHM, OTEOCAlBJiiCa flO UpO- 
HSBOACTBa H HOBipKH HepeHHCH. 

43) jfiajotiu Ha HenpaBMBHiia no nepenncH ^ificTBia ot^lhltx'l 
jhb,t>, npHRjeKaeMUxt ki> y^acTiio bi ohoS, no^aDTca bt> oco6hh, 
yis^HUfl h ropwrnia nepenHcaua kommhoh, no npHHwearaocTH. 
Ha Henp&BHXbHUUj pacnopaaeHia yfoAHMXt h ropoflcraxt BOMMHcifi 
zajotiu no^aiDTca bt» ry6epHCsia nepenncHHA kommhcjh, a Ha He- 
npaBHJbHH& pacnopaatema KomaiHcifi ryfiepHcmxi h oco6hxt> — BiTjiaB- 
Hy» IlepenHCHyi) KommhcIio. 

Ero HMnepaTopcBO© BeiH^ecTBO Bocnoci^AOBaBmee wrbmewhoti- 
mpwb co6pamH TQcyAapcTBeHHaro coB^Ta, 5iiOHa 1895 r. Bwcoqaftme 

yTBepAHTL COHSBOJtHJTb H HOBai'fej'L HCHOJIHHTL. 

920. paShHCHeniu HtbKcmopMXi wnpocoeb no npuwhueniw BtA- 
coHau\*a%o Manutfecma 14 nompn 1894 ioda Kb dtkMMb o AtbCHttxb 
napytuenuurb. 

1895 roja MapTa 21 ana. llo yKasy Ero HMnepaTopcBaro Be;ra- 
qecTBa, UpaBnTejiBCTBynnpfi ceHart ajymara: panoprt HHHHCTpa 
3ejue^ijia h rocynapcTBeHHHX'B HMymecTBi*, on. 7 aHBapa 1895 r. 
3a & 63, o pastacHeHin h£eotophxt» BonpocoBT> no npnaftHemio Bu- 
cow&maro MaHH<j>ecTa 14 Hoa6pa 1894 ro^a kb .aftaaarb ojrkcHHXT> 
uapymemaxx. Hs?b #4ja bhaho, tto no noBO^y BCTpi^eHHHxt com- 
fffemfi othochtcjllho npniiiHeHia cTaiefi BceMHJocTHBiflmaro MaHH- 
$ecTa 14 Hoa6pa 1894 ro.ua ki> j^aMx o jt&chhxt> Hapymemax*, 
fffeKOTopufl YnpaBjema rocynapcTBeHHHMH HmymecTBaMH o6paTMHCB 
bt> MnHHcrepcTBo 3eMje#fcjia h rocyaapcTBeHHHXx HMymecTB* ci> 
xoAaTafierBOMi> o paatacHeHm cjrbAyDnpx?> Bonpocost: 1) Llo^e- 
MfL-jB CJE0S6HUQ jspo&aua jeHeaHHa BSNCKaaia, npncyiKflaeMHa Bl> 
noosy xa8Hii) Ha ocHOBaniH 158 1 gt. Yct. HaKaa., sa Qapymemn 
J-fosaro YcraBa? 2) ^ojiamn-Jin 6htb ciaraeMu no 50 py6. mn> saac- 
A«i CTraTLH BOueKami 8a Bpe£T> h y6uTBH h npnTOMt bt> TaKHXT> 
x. Dpix. o6w>. kh. Tin 1895 r. 1 > 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCXXXIX — 

amaaxt, Bor^a sth BSHCKamjr eme He racjeHH n He saHecemj bt> 
He,a;oHMKyV 3) GiiyiyeTB-jra caaraTL, Bt bh^j 6 n. IV ct. MaHH<J>ecra, 
BosHarpaaaeme sa upe^t h y6htkh ct Hapynmrejeft JtfccHaro YcraBa 
npn ocBo6oa#emH hxt> orb cy^a h R&Kaaamx no 1 n. Tofi-ae craTBH 
MaHH(()ecTa h npn cjoacemn ct raxt BSHCKamft no 22 n. II CTaTLH? 
4) Uo^ieataTL-JH cjoaemro ^onojHHTejLHUii nonuramj 3a ynoTpetf- 
jeme He no HasHa^emro omymeHHaro Ha jBroraHxt ycjOBiaxt j4- 
ca, a TaK«e B3HCKama sa nepepy6t rfcca no Ko;raraecTBy h paaaii- 
paMt? 5) 3a ocBotfoafleHiearB, Bt cnjy 5 n. IV ct. MaHH<j>ecTa, otb 
jm^Haro saaepaaHM h pa6ort -oajt, HecocroaTejiLHHXt Kt yraarfc 
npncyafleHHHXt ct hhxi> aeHeaHiixt BBHCKami, no^eaarB-jra cjo- 
aemro npncya^eHHtia ct Taraxt jhijt> bt> nojBsy Kasnu aeHeaHHa 
BSHCKama? 6) GriyiyeTB-JH cjaraTL aeHeaHHa BSHCKania, Haaarae- 

MUfl, Bt BH^i HeyCTOfiKH, aflMHHHCTpaTHBHHMt HOpayptOMt HO JT&C- 

Euwh HapymemaMt npn saroTOBKaxt Jiica no KOHTpaEraMt? 7) Ho,*- 
jeaarB-,iH cjoaeHiro BSHCKama, bt> pasnipi 50 py6., h3t> cyMMt, 
.saracjeHHHxt Bt He^oHMBy Ha BpecTBHFB sa OTnymeHHHe hmt> m> 
Roxrh jicHHe MaTepiajra? PyKOBOflCTByac* ct. XIV BceMMOCTHB'fefl- 
maro MaHH<|>ecTa 14 Hoa6pa 1894 r., MmncTpt 3eMjeaiuria h IV 
cynapcTBemnixt HaiymecTBt npe^CTaBjaen* o BHineHSJioaeHHOirB Ha 
6jaroycMOTpime npaBHTejiBCTByromaro CeHaTa. HpHKasajn: Co- 
o6pa3HB'L HacToamee npeflcraBaeme MHHHCTpa 3eMje,n$Jiia h Tocy- 
,n ( apcTBeHHHxi> HMymecTBTb ct noweatamHMH ysaKOHemjmn, IIpaBH- 
TejLCTByroniiifi CeHart Haxo^Tt, no nepeoMy hsx racaa B036yayjeH- 
mixt Bt panoprfj BonpocoBt — o tostb, no,a;jieaaTB jch cjoaemro ppolk- 
huh aeHeaHHa BSHCKania, npHcya^aeMHa Bt nojBsy EasHu Ha oc- 
HOBaHin ct. 158 1 Ycr. Hasas. 3a Hapymema JlicHaro YcTaaa — tto, 
Ha ocHOBamn 155, 156, 158 h 158* ct. Yct. HaKas. (no npo.ii;. 1889 r.), 
BHHOBHue Bt noxHmeHin H3t jrlca AepeBt, a Tasae Bt caHOBOJKHod 
nopytficfc Bt jrfccaxt, xoth h 6e3t BHB03a cpy6jeHHuxt ^epeBt, h 
Bt ^pyrnxt Jiicffiuxt HapymeHiAxt, noHMeHOBanHuxt Bt noMHHyroft 
158 ct., no^BepraroTca: Bt 1-fi past ^eHeaHOMy BSHCKamro He cbh- 
me 50 p., bo 2-fi past — apecTy He CBHme 3-xt MtcaiteBt, a Bt 
3-fl hjh 6oji4e pa3t — saKJDiemio Bt TDptsii OTt 1 h ^o 6 Mica- 
n;eBt, h CBepxt dTnxt „B3MCKamfi h HaKaaamfi" o&asaHW yniaTHTB 
Bt nojLsy jrhcoB^aAtJBiia poflHyio ctohmoctb noxnmeHHaro, caaio- 
bojilho cpy6jeHHaro hjh noBpea^eHHaro jica hjih npoTHBOsaBOHHO 
3aroTOBjeHHHXt jicHHXt H3^fejiift no TaEct, cocTaBjiaeMofr cor.xacHo 
698 cr. JlicH. Yct. HesaBHCHMO OTt cero, noxHm,eHHHft hjh caiio- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCXLI — 

bcolho cpydieHHHft jfccB oTtfnpaeTca h B03Bpam;aeTca tf6coBja,afciBn[y, 
a bt> cjywfc HeBOSMoatHOCTH cero — BSHCKHBaeTca en, bhhobhhxt> bt> 
noiLay xJ#OBja#6jiBija ctohmoctl jica no toA ate TaKcfc. Swrbwb, 
no TO^HOMy CMHCjy 1 n. IV ct. Biico^aftinaro MamwfrecTa 14 ho- 
a6pa 1894 ro,a;a, ocBo6o»^aE)Tca on cya;a n naKasama Bci coBep- 
mHBniie npecTynjieHie hjih npocTynoK'B, sa KOTopHfi ohh no 3aKOHy 
no^eatart Measly npoiHMt ,a;eHeatHOMy BSHCKamiD He CBHme Tpex- 
cotb py&ieft (eciH cjaraeutfia ,n;eHeatHHa B3HCKama aoaatHH 6ujlk 
nocrynHTB bt> KasHyaiH Rpyria Bi^OMCTBa, yKasaHHHaB'B 3 n. IV ct. 
MaHH(J>ecTa); BHHOBHHe ate bt> coBepmemn jiconcTpefijemfi h Bctxi> 
jpyrax'B HapymeHifi npaBHjt o rocy#apcTBeHHHXT> Jiicaxt aojatmi 
6htb ocBo6oacAeBM on. cyna h Hajtasama, xoTa 6h ohh nojajeatajiH 
sa ciH xhsma RenewBHWh BSHCKamaarB h CBume 300 py6. ConocTaB- 
juul mhjoctl( aapyeMyro bthml MaHH^ecTOMx bhhobhhmt> bt> Hapy- 
memax'B JtbcHaro YcraBa, cb HSJioHteHHHMH ysasoHesdaMH o BSNCKa- 
max*B h Hasasamax'B sa CKasairaiia Hapymema, caiflyerB npn^THEx 
3aKXK)Hemi), hto Tain> KaKi. sa Tasia Hapymema aeHeatHHMH bshc- 
KamaHH CBinne 300 p. (HesaBHCHMO otb noaoateHHaro no 155 ct. 
Yct. HaKas., no npoa. 1889 r., oco6aro BSHCKama ao 50 p.)Moryrc> 
sB&BTbCSL jasnib onpe.niaeHHHH wb 158 1 ct. Toro ate YcTaBa no TOMy 
se npofloaateBriK) BSHCKaBria bt> pasMipii aBotaoft ctohmocth noxn- 
n^eHHaro, caMOBOJBHO cpy6jieHHaro hjh nospeac^eHHaro :rbca hjh npo- 

THBOSaBOHHarO SaTOTOBJeHHHX'B jrifcCHNX-B HSftklift, TO BHHOBHH6 Bl> 

chxx Hapymemaxx aojukhh no^ieasaTt ocBofioatflemi) KaKt on tr>- 
peMHaro saK-rawema, apecra h B3HCKama &o 50 py6., nocrynaiom;aro 
kb BanHTaxB na ycTpoflcTBO Mtcrt saMKreema (27 ct. Yct. HaKas.), 
Tasi> h otb ynjiaTH noMaHyrax'B abo&hhxb ^eHeatHHXTb BSHCEami* 
Ha BcaEyD cyMMy. Ro emopoMy u mpemteMy eonpocaMi o nopj^pt* 
cioasema BSHCKamft sa npn^HHeHHua HapyinirreaaMH JlicHaro YcTaBa 
Bpe^B h y6uTOK , B. Ho chj4 6 n. IV ct. MaHH(j>ecra, ocBotioameme 
otb HaKasama He Hs6aBjaeT f B BHHOBHaro otb o6asaHHocTH BosHar- 
pas^erna sa Bpejvt h y6uTKH, sa HCKJOOHemeM'B xamh toS qacrafle- 
^eatHHXT> cyaarB, Kasaa no^eatHTB cjoatemio cor^acHO npe^mym;HX'B 
CTaTeft MaHH^ecTa, a no 22 n. II ct. OHaro hsx o6pasoBaBmHXca no 
14 Hoa6pa 1894 r. HeflOHMOKt no HeoKja.apHM'B c6opa»TB h Boo6ni,e 
BSUCEaHiaM'B, He no.nxo.namHM'B no^B /$ftcTBie npyrnxi. nynKTOBT. 
II cr M Kosrh qHCJIa^^Ixca no c^eTaMi*, TaK'B h HeHaqHCjeHHHXTb, ^;o^- 
shh 6htb cjoateHH He^oHMKH, He npeBumaK)n],ia bt> ot^jibhocth 
50 py6., no He^oHMKaarB-ate Ha (foiBinyK) cyMMy ^o.ijkho 6utbhckjd- 

16* 



Digitized by 



Google 



4 ^« 



— CCX13I — 

qeiio no 50 p. Est RaajpjB ctstlh. Ho 3T0ny, H3i> npHuraanippga 
bb nojB3y KasEEH cyMMt bi> BoaHarpasA^Hie sa Bpe^t h yforrsH otb 
noxnmeHia h caMOBO-iBHofi nopytfra jrfcca hjth npoTHBosaROHHod sa- 

TOTOBEH H3T> OHaTO H3^^it, BT> paSMipt CTOHMOCTH jica HO TOKCt, 

cocTaBjaeMoft Ha ocHOBamH 698 ct. 4icH. Yct- (158' h168ct. Yct. 
lianas., no npo,a;. 1889 r.), Kant npHHWi^atamnx^ vb TO&iy He#&- 
hmokt> no HeofuaAHyMi> o6opairB h Boo6me ko BsucsaBiwB, He wa- 
xoAam,HMT> no.nt ^iicrBie 1 — 21 n. in II ct. MaHH^cra, aojwhu 
noAieacaTfc cjio&miio hoaohmkh, He npeBHmai)mie Wh 0T#kiBH0CTH 
50 py6., 6e3i> pasjflnia, iHCJgrca jjh ob* no cieraMt hjh He hho- 
.uiTca; a no He^oHMKaMt aToro po^a Ha 6o»myK) cysiny Ha^eacHTt 
hcwjototb no 50 py6., h3t> Kaajofi craTBir, ocrajamw *e, sacHirB, 
cywMw bt> B03Harpa»,neHie KasHH aa Bpe#B h ytiiiTss, bt> CRjy 6 n. 
IV ct. MaQH<f>ecTa, aoj&hh noAAeataTL BsucBafliD ex bhbobhuxt> bx 
ycTaHOBjreHHQ*n> jpa btoto sasoHaxH nopa^st. IIo nemeepnwMy eon- 
pocy o toki>, noweatart jna cioatemi) AonoJHBTeibHua nonurami sa 
ynoTpe6jieaie He no Ha3Ha^eHi» oniymeHHaro Ha jn>roTHHXT> ycjoBiara 
jrifeca, a Tarace BSHcroaa sa nepepyfo Jiica no RoxiraecTBy h pas- 
MtpaarB, IIpaBHTejBCTByion^id CeHart Haxo^HTb, tpo osBaqeHHxia bsh- 
cuama, HajiaraewHa Ha bhhobhhx'b a^MHHHCTpaTHBHHMi> nopaAKOMx 
bt, CHjy ct. 841, 842 h 844 i. 1 T. VIII Ycr. JI*ch. hs*. 1893 r. f 
HOj^wxwrh cjoatemjo ha BCAByD cyiiaiy, Tam> Kara b*b CHjy ct. Y 
BceMH40CTHBifiniaro MaHH^ecra, jraja, yqHHHBHiia tokLa npornBosa- 
ROHHua .nftraia hjh rania Hapymema ycTaBO&ieHHuxx nparaxi*, sa 
KOTopufl ohh no^esarB aeHeatHOMy BSHCBamn, HaJiaraaMQMy bt> no- 
pals* aAnraHHCTpaTHBHOM'B, ocBo6oawuDTca otb Tasoro BSHCKaaia BT> 
Tbxrh ace pasM$pax?>, Koiopue onpe#&jeHH fb n. 1 ct. IV Mam- 
<|>ecTa, coiuacHO ate ceaiy n. 1 ct. IV MaHH<^ecra ra^, bhhabheu 
bt> y^HHemH ^tcoHCTpe6jeHifi h Bctxx ^yrnxx Hapymamft npaBHJrb 
o jicaxx rocy.napcTBeHHHX'B, ocBo6oac^;ai)Tca otb cy^a h Hasaaaei^, 
xota-6u dTH JHii,a no^jreacajra sa cm ^hama ^eHesHfinrB BSHCBajnaar. 
h CBinne 300 py6. Ho nsmony eonpocy. Jtaja, HecocroaTBAHua n» 
ynjiart crtAyK>m;HX'B cb hhx> KasH* AeaejRHHrB BSHCKanii, ocsbd- 
6o»Aa»Tca, cowacHo 5 n. IV ct. MaHHiJ^Ta, otb jumaro waw- 
K\mn h oT^aTO vh o6m;ecTBeQHua pa6orw hjb sapatfoTra; Boa^ysMan 
ace sarbirB bhobb BonpocB o BsucsaHui rh^ r b ^nesHnxx B&HCK&ftift, 

B3aM*HT» ROTOpHXt npHM*SpeHH HJTH CjijOBftJO 6« npfOf^HBTB 0(h|- 

acHeaHua m*ph, ne npe^CTaBjaeTca HBawuioro ocHOBaaia, a noTOMy g 
caiuia sepesnua Bsucwma, m» upHMtHeaieMt 6 n. IV ct. Ma^j- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccxLm — 

4>ecTa, aojixhh noOTrafBca cjioaeeHHHMH. Ih> tuecmo.vy eonpocy. Re- 
HesHHfl BSHCKama, H&xaraeMM, Ft bh#6 HeycroftKH, sa Hapymema 
ycjofiifi KOHTpaKTOFL no saroTOBKaarb .rfcca, He no,nxoAan» no^-B^ft- 
CTBie MaHH(f>ecTa 14 Hoa6pa 1894 r. h, BCj^CTBie cero, He Moryn. 
6htb cjaraeMH Ha ocHOBamn cero MaHH(J>ecTa. Ho cedtMOMy eonpocy 
o cjioaemn BSNCKamfi, bt> pa3wipi 50 py6., H8t He^OHMOKt, racaa- 
njHxca Ha 6HBnmxT> rocyaapcTBeHHHX'B KpecTBaHt sa omymeHHue 
hmt>, corjacHO 280 ct. Yct. JlicH. hsj;. 1876 i. (no H8fl. 1893 r. 
ct. 275), .rtcHHe MaTepiajH ct OTcporaoro miaTeaa #a OHHe nom- 

JTHHT,, — IIpaBHTeJBCTByDni.ift CeflaTB HaX0£HTl>, *TO Kb CHMt B3HC- 

Kamam* xoxmewh 6htb npHuiHaeMt n. 22 ct. II BceMMocTHB-ift- 
maro MaHH<J>ecTa 14 Hoatfpa 1894 r., coraacHO KOeMy daraKwea H3t 
HeAOHMOKi no BSHCKamaart, He no.nxo.a^mHM'B ho^b ^fiftcTBie Apy- 
rnx-B nymroBt CTaTBH n, t4, ROTopua bt> ot,3$jbhocth He npeBH- 
maxyn> naTHflecani pyfijiefi; no He^OHMKawrt ate Ha 6ojBmyK) cyaray 
HCRJOPiaeTCA no narnaecaTH pytfjeft hsx Kaamofi craTBH. Bt» BH#y 
3Toro, crfflyera npnsHaTB, q$o H3i HaKonrnrnHxca Ha 6HBnraxT> ro- 
cyi;apcTBeHHHXT> vp&numaxb no 14 Hoatfpa 1894 ro.ua He^onMOKx 
no HemaTeay bt> epos* npHTOTaanrnxca ct mora cyanr* sa oray- 
meHHLre b% ^qjttb licHue MaTepiajH aojhbhh no^emaTB caoateHiro 
no 50 pytf. hst> Ras^ol ctetbh. BcriyjcrBie cero, h pyaoBOflCTByacB 
XIV ct. Bucoiafimaro MamNjiecra 14 Hoa6pa 1894 ro.ua, npaBH- 
TexBCTBy»n^if Cerar* onpe^bJtaerB: BHmeHSJftoseHHOfiTB pa3i>ac- 
nemH MnHHCTpa 3eMje^ijia h rocyflapcTBeHHNXT. HMymecrai, yBi- 
jomhtb yKa30Mi>, — a jyia npHBeaema Hacroamaro onpe^iema Ce- 
naTa bo Bceo6m;ee CBt^hHie, npmieraraTB OHoe Bt CotfpamH ysaKO- 
Henid n pacnopaaemfi HpaBHTejiBCTBa. 

021. Wbwixrb d*H npieMa nponenmuHTb 6yMcm 9b 3OA0ti> no 
KtMBHHHM* nodpadamb u nocmamatfb, 6a* o6e3niHenix pa*cpoHueae- 
maxo njbameoiea awtwa 3a mm n matiam, u Sax oSesnenem* nm- 
meaca maMootcenuttxi nowAum, sa epema ct 1 in** 1895 1. no 1 
Hueapx 1896 1. 

9ftft. mkohhoU owhHHtb np<w&mHH3?b Oymavb Sah 63UManin 
ntnoAum eb 6e3Me3&na%o urn neptxoda ot menefiie emopou nojioeunu 
1895 t. 

25 iiOM M 127. 

98S. 0(h> vmwfmdeHiu 3emeAh u uMyuneemei, nompe6Ht*x* d/m 
eo0pym€H%H meAfbanodopomnoit Mtmu om% cmanuw* ipatficfcoii do top. 
Xafapoectca. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCXLTV — 

924. 06t omnyotcdenin aeMCAt u UMyu+ecm&b, nompe6utAXb dxa 
coopyotceuiji JtceAfb3nodopoofcnou Auniu omi npucmanu MtacoecKou, na 
oseptb EatimAtb, do cmanuuu noKpoeacoti. 

925. 06h omnyo/cdeniu seMeAt uMyvtecmrb, nompe6nuxh 3ax co- 
opyo/ceni* ofceAtb3HodopootCHOu Auniu orm topoda IlepMu do npucmanu 
9 KomAacb u , na ptbKtb Ctbeepnou fleuntb. 

926. 06% omnyoiedeniu seMeAt u uMyiqecmeb, nompe6uturb 6ah 
coopyoiceniH otcejitb3Hodopodtcnoii Auniu orm i. Hpnymcm do npucmanu 
lucmeununnou, na 03eptb EaumAtb. 

927. 06% omMfbHtb ycmanoeAenuoil, cm. 146 ku. XIII u cm. 
346 nn. XV ce. Mop. nocm., o6*3ameAbno& cmouMOcmu cepedpsuaw 
MeKCUKuucnaio doAAapa u o coome?bmcmeennoM% nsMttneniu osnanen- 
nuxb cmameu ceoda. 

928. nepeeodtb eoenno-Mopcnato cyda nuKOAasecnato nopma 
u?b %. HunoAaeea e% t. CeeacmonoAt. 

26 iiam A* 128. 

929. 06% ymeepmdeniu ycmaea rpo3uo-$ntbnpoectcaio netfimenpo- 
MHtUAennaw ofhqecmea. 

930. 06% ynpeotcdehiu cmuneudiu Hmchu JSw HMnepamopcKato 
BeAmecmea Tocydapn HMnepamopa Hukoaoh II dA# dtbmeu nedo- 
cmamoHHtaxb deopxm BAoduMipcnou %y6epniu e% etAcmux% yne6nuon> 
3aeedenijw% HMnepiu u 06% ymeepotcdeniu noAOdtceuix 06% 03nanenntaxb 
cmunendifixb. 

28 iiaifl A* 129. 

931. npuKOMandupoeaniu teapdeucKux% o<fiunepoe% Kb tonnep- 

CKUM% yHUAUW&M-b. 

932. 06% ymeepotcdeniu ma6.iwu mapwfinuxb nocmawionntAZ* 
pa3cmonnivi ewmeu roAonoi%-$OM6poea-ropHOJi, Heamopodo-$0M6poe- 
ckou oiceAfb3nou dopoiu, dan nepeeo3tcu naccaotcupo6%, 6omotca u ipy- 
3oeb 6oAbwo& cKopocmu. 

933. 06% ymeepncdeuiu ma6Awt* mapu$Hux% nocmantmnntAx% 
pa3cmoxmti IfapCKOceAbCKOu otceAtb3nou dopoiu, dAx nepeeosnu nacca- 
o/cupoe% u %py3oeb 6oAbuw& u muaou cnopocmu. 

934. 06% ymeepotcdeniu: 1) ma6Auy,% mapuf/SntAX% nocmanuiou- 
nttxb pcacmomiu nn>Komopbicc% ewmeeH u cmanuiu Kho-3anadnux% 
otcejin>3HUXh dopo%% u 2) etbdoMOcmu u3Mfbneniu mapu<fint*x% nocman- 
uionnux% pa3cmoHniu miwcb-dice oiceAih3nt*x% dopoi%. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCXLV — 

28 torn A* 130. 

885. 06b o6pauteHiu e% oco6tau mnumaxb nocmynafoutuzb HMtm 
eh na3uy demxcHiAXh 63t*CKaniii no dn>MM> o nauMtb <fia6puHHMXb 
pationuxb. 

rocyaapcTBeHHHfi cob4tte> MUfbuieMb noAO&cuAb. 

I. Bi> HSMiHeme h flonoJiHeme no^ieaamnxx yaaKOHemft nocra- 
hobhtb: 

flfine3KHH& BSuesaHia, HajaraeMua cyxoira hjh ry6epHCKHMH no 
4>a6pHHHHM , i> ^&iain» npHcyrcTBuiMH Ha 3aBi 1 nHBa»mHX r b (Ma^Jtb- 
i^eFL hjih ynpaBJiaDmnxi*) npoMunLieHHUMn saBe^eHiaMH Ha ocHOBa- 
HiH ct. 153 — 155 ycT. npoM. (cbo,*. 3aK., t. XI, q. 2, m&. 1893 r.) 
h ct. 1359, 1359 1 , 1404 1 , (no npofl. 1890 r.), 1404* h 1404 3 yao- 
sterna o Hasas., ns^. 1885 r., o6pama»TCfi Ha otfpaaoBaHie oco6aro 
KanHTajia, npe.pLasHa^eHHaro w Buaara BcnoMomecTBOBanift 6oju>hhmi> 
h yB&im&rb pa6oHHMi>. Ki> ceaiy KanHTajy npHracjJDDTca Tawse t4 
H3i> o6pasyx)mHXca conacHO ct. 152 ycT. npoM. (cbo,k. sas., t. XI, 
i. 2, H3£. 1893 r.) cyMMt, KOTopua ocTaiDTca cbo6o#hhmh BCJriyjCTBie 
3aKpHTia npoMiinLieHHHX'B saBe^eHifi. 

II. OBHa^eHHHt BT> OTA. I KaHHTaJTB ftJU hUflfimn BCHOMOmeCTBO- 
BaHifi 60JLHHMT> H yBt^HHMt pa^ , fflMT> npH^HCJIffTb KT> cneniajBHHM'B 
Cpe^CTBaMT, MHHHCTepCTBa ({)HHaHCOBT>, HO A6HapTaH6HTy TOprOBJH H 

Mafly4>aKTypi>. 

HI. ^iflcTBie nocTaHOBjiema, HMoaeHHaro bt> OTa. I, pacnpocTpa- 
hhtb Ha Bci nofljeacamia otfpamemro bt> sasHy, ho em,e He nocTy- 
uoBunn bt> oHyro, ^enexBUA B3ucKama, npHcys^eHHUH sa yBasaHHua wb 
tomt> ace OTfl4x& Hapymema #0 o6HopoAOBama HacTaam,aro yaaKOHema. 

IV. npe^ocTaBHTb MHHHCTpy (j^HHaHCOBx boAth bt> o6cyacaeHie BO- 
npoca o nopaflK& pacxoflOBama ynoMHHyTaro bt> ota. I Kannraja h 
npe^nojioseHia cboh no ceMy npe^MeTy bhccth Ha yTBepac^eme ycra- 
HOBjeHHuarB nopwcoMt. 

Ero HstnepaTopcKoe BejuraecTBo BOcnoci^oBaBmee Mfffcme bi> 
o6m,eMT> cotfpamn rocyuapcTBeHHaro coBiTa, 29 Maa BucoHafime yraep- 

RBTb C0H3B0JHXB H HOBOtLtL HCHOJHHTB. 

936. npuceoeniu CAyotce6ubtxh npaet u npeuMyv^ecmeb doAoicHO- 
cmu dupenmopa C-ILemep6yp%VKuxb ewcwuxb otcencKuarb Hypcovb. 

987. donoJineniu lumama Mockobckou topodcnou noAumti o6pa- 
mmiexb oco6ato IlempoecKo Pa3yMoecKato ywcmnoeaio ynpasAenin. 

988. 0(h> ycmanoeAeniu eb noAhzy t. Bx3*mm c6opa cb %py3<m. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCXLYI — 

939. donoAneuiu uimama noteiifcucKOu noMandt* lopoda Eena- 
mopiu, TaepuHeacoti zytiepniu. 

940. pacxodvb ua U3danie o&utwio ceoda y3aKonemti u pacno- 
pxo/ceuiu npaeumejibcmea no epanedHofi u cauumapnou nacmu. 

rOCy^apCTB6HHHfi C0B*TT>, MHfbHieMb YIOAOVCUAV. 

OrnycTHTB H3i> rocyaapcTBeHHaro Kastta^eftcTM detbnadwm* mw- 
cHHh Hemupecma dea py6juei mpuduamt KonieKt Ha Hsaame o6m,aro 
CBo^a ysaKOHeHifi h pacnopaaemft npaBirratBCTBa no BpasefiHoft h 
caHHTapHofi ^acTH, cn» o6pamemean> cero pacxo^a Ha ciera oauiAa- 
eMtrsT> c6epeaemfi ho ct. 3 § It) ,n4flcTByi)iB;eft cm4tu MHHHcrepcTBa 
BHyTpeHHHX'B xkn> Ha 1895 tort*. 

Ero HMnepaTopcKoe BejiinecTBO Bocnocjrfc.noBaBinee Msrbme bt> 
.HPffapTaMeHrh rocy^apCTBeHHOft aKOHOMin rocy^apcTBeHHaro coBiTa, 
5 toHfl, BHCo^aftme yrBepxHTB cohbbojchxb h H0Bej4jn> hchojchhtb. 

941. 06% gcrnpoucmen, noeuxb 3damu 6ar 6oAbmtut* u eocnumar 
meAhnaio dojm MAadenw Iucyca e% i. Baptuaetb. 

942. 0(h usMffbHcHiu § 65 ycmaea Odeccnaw topodcmto npedum- 
nato odutecmea. 

943. 06% ynpeofcdeniu e% %. BAawemtyCHcKrb peMecAenrtato ynuAuiya. 

944. 06% mMtbueuiu ycmaea aKuionepnato o6utecmea eatonocmpou- 
meAWbiTb u Mex<%HUHecxux% 3aeodoe% n 0eHUKC% u . 

945. npedocmaAAeniu e% eudn> epeMennou Mtbpta 6paK0ea/H%H 
npueo3UMtax% Kb C.-Hemep6yptCK0My nopmy uHocmpanntAXh ceAbdeu 
ua eoMO cclmuxi mopiywtyuxh. 

29 Ikuh A* 131. 

946. 06% ymeepotcdeniu ycmaea moeapnn^ecmea OpAoeewcaxo 
ceeKAocaxapnato 3aeoda. 

497. 06b ymsepotcdeniu npaeuAb o nopxdxtb nepeHucAeni* e% do- 
xod% KOSHt* npouewnotfb c% nanumaAoe%^ na tcou ynpeotcdenu ceepx- 
KOMnAeKMHtAH cmunendiu e% eoeHno-ynefawrb 3aeedenixx% % a manatee 
o paexodoeaniu amuMU 3aeedenixMu cyMM%, accmnyeMHX% na codep- 
o/canie ceepxttOMnAeKmHt*x% cmuneudiamoe%. 

948. KOMandupoeaniu otfuyepoeb e% ynpaeAenin yn^dnuarb 
eouncKuxb nanajibHUKoeh, 3aa saeedueauix nepecHAhwno vacmwo u ckao- 
daMu yMyiuecmea apMeuCKuxb 3anacHt*x% ntbxomnuxi u cmptbAKoeuxb 
6amhA%onovb* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCXLVII — 

31 liojfl J* 132. 

940. O&b ymeepotcdeniu ycmaea amionepHaio o6mecmea nod% 
(fiiipMOJO ^Topcfib* 

950. 06b ymeepotcdeniu ycmaea muionepnaw otiutecmea w Cfbpa u . 

901. HtbKomopmxb uiMbHernHz* u donOAnemnxb dih&vmeywuwxi> 
ycmaea on&tyneKaw coetbma u noAOOfceuifi o Co6cmsenHO& Eto Hjme- 
pamopcxato BeAtmecmea KtiimeAxpiu no ynpeotcdemHMb BMnepampmm 
Mapiu. 

rjaBHoynpafturonpft co6ctb6hsoi) Ero HraepaTopcEaro Be jmecTBa 
KaHn,e.THpieD no y^pesAenuorL HMnepaTpmju Mapin yBi^osnut mhhh- 
crpa rocTHuhr, hto rocy^apB HMnepaTopt, corjiacno nojomemi) one- 
KjHCKaro oosrfrra, bt> 14 Aeuh uoha 1895 roaa, BHCoraflme yiBepwiTb 
€oh3bojihji» npoeKTi. h4kotophxi> HSMineHifi h flono-iHemft .aiftcTBy- 
wapixi>: YcTaBa OneKyHcuaro Cofffrra h Hoaoaema o CotfcTBeraofi Ero 
HMnepaTopcKaro BenwecTBa EamjeMpiH no yHpeamemaMt BtonepaT- 
paap Mapin,^ 

TaKOBOMt Bnco^afimeirB nosoriimH mhhhctpt> Dcrmqn npe^o- 
auut IIpaBHTejLCTByromeMy CeHaTy, ct» npenpoBoatAemesfL cnncsa 
03Ha^eHHHXi. nsM^Hemfi. 

Ha nojJHHHOMT> Co6cTBeiooi) Ero HwrepaTopeKaro Benraecraa pyKo» Ha^epTaHo: 
Bt> neTepro<^. „C»#.*ffCetf* a . 

14 mom 1895 rofla. 

IIPOEKTB H3MSHEHI3 H flOHOJIHEHlfi yCTABA OHEKyHCKATO COBfcTA 

H nOJKMKEHlfl COBGTBEHHOft ErO HMHEPATOPCBArO Bejthhectba 

KAHItEMPIH HO TOPBSAfcHiflMl HmHEPATPHI^H MaPIH. 



yCTABT> OIIEKyHCKArO COB*TA. 

IMABA I. 

OGntfii nojoseHin. 

§ 3. OtateKyHCKit coBifL coctohtb h3t> .pyxt npncyTctBifl: o^Horo 
bt> C.-IIeTep6yprf h .npyroro Bt Mockb*, cl o,prHaKOBHMH npaBama 
btb OTHOmemH piraemH a&Jta, Bt rfexx npe^jaxi*, KaKie yKasaHH Ha- 
ctootuhmi* ycTaBoa*. fljx pascMorpima BonpocoB'L o Ha^eTaxt h 
*3HCKaHijKLt, no KompojiBHBiarE peBH8ia»n,, npn coBirfe coctohtb oco6oe 
npHcyTCtBie, 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccxEvni — 
tjiaba n. 

Coctabi ■ BHyipeHBee ycrpoicrso onesyHCRaro corhTa. 

§ 7. Oco6oe npHcyTCTBie onesyHCsaro coBfrra cocTaBJuupri*: npeacfc- 
AaTe.it, qerape *ueHa, HasHaiaeMra no BucoTOJbneify Ero Hnnepa- 
TopcKaro BejinnecTBa ycMOTpftmi), H3t racja no^eTHHXt oneByHOBt, 
npejc&flaT&iB carfiTHofi bommhcIh h TOBapHmt raaBHoynpaBjunomaro. 

TlpuMfbHanie. Hst *mcja noHeTHHxt oneKyHOBt, BXo^jnn.HXTb bt» 
cocTaBx oco6aro npHcyrcTBia Ha3Ha?ajDTCjr. .pioe ott> C.-nerep(SyrcKaro 
h ^Boe on, MocBOBCKaro npncyTCTBia oneKyHCKaro coB*Ta. 

§ 10. npe^^Te^B h qerape qjem oco6aro npHcyTCTBia hsi» 
qnoia noqerHHXi, oneKyHOBT, HasHaiaxyrca Ha Tpn ro.ua Bucoqa&mHMH 
yKasaira oneKyHCKOMy coBiny; jEpe&tihj&Texb cartTHoft kommhcIh h to- 
B^pmn;i> r^aBHoynpaBJunomaro cjttl Henpeir&HHue ^ johu npHcyTCTBia. 

UpuMtbHanie. Ojsjuwh hst> ^johobx otl MOCKOBCRaro npHcyTCTBia 
oneKyHCKaro coB*Ta o(wreaTejiBHO yqacTByen* bt> 3ac&AaHifiXT> oco(Saro 
npncyTCTBia npn pascMOTpftmn #&-n>, Kaca»m;HXca Mocbobcehxt, sa- 
Beaemfi. 

IMABA HI. 
OTfl-BJTBHIB BTOPOB. 

OGipifl ipaB* lowrauxi oneiyeoBT>. 

§ 18. HoHeTHHe onexyHu HasHa^ajoTca b*l cie 3Bame no .iRiHOMy 
Ero HMnepaTopcKaro Bejn^ecTBa ycMOTpiHUD h flOBipiro Buco?aftniHMH 
ynasaMH oneKyHCKOMy cofffcry. 

§ 19. Ho^ieTHHe oneKyHH ynocTOHBa»Tca Harpa^ no ycnoTpiuii) 
rocy^apa HamepaTopa h yBo:n>H&K)TCfl bt> ornycKH He maic, Kasrb 
cl BHConataaro paapimeHia. 

JIpuMfbHanie. Bt cjry^a* KpaTKOBpeMeHHHXt bt. npe^kiax-L Hune- 
pin OTjyHeKi., He npeBHmaK)mHXT> 2 He,n4jiB, noneTHHe onesyHU orpa- 
HH^HBaDTCJi saaBJiemeMi, o tomt» noweacameaiy npncyTCBii) onesyH- 
CKaro coB^Ta. 

§ 20. JJojjkhoctr noqeTHaro onesyHa npHCBoraaeTca in Kjaccr. h 
MjRNiph no oco6oMy Biicoqaftme yTBepsAOHHOMy pHcymcy. 

§ 21. Ho^eTHHe oneKyHH HM-ferort npaBO nocimaTt BcisaBe^ema 
lrfe^oMCTBa. He8aBHCHMo on cero, ohh Moryrt 6htb KOMaHAnpyeiiH, 
no BHCOHaflnraMt noBi.ieHu»n,, &ia ocMOTpa aaBeaemfi Bi^o.MCTBa no 
npe^MeTaBTL onpe.nijiaeMUM'B oco6hmh otl riaBHoynpaBJuoo^aro hh- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccxux — 

CTpyBqLflMH. pesyjBTaTaxt ooforpa ohh coo6maiOTT> rjaBHoynpaB- 
j&nnteMy, KOTopufi noflBepraert oHHe Ha BNCO^aftmee 6jaroycMOT- 
piHie ct> cbohmt> 3aKJ»qemeMT>. 

§ 22. HoHeTHHe oneKyHH, HMtronpe npe6HBame fl C.-IIeTep6ypri f 
bt> cjynat npH6fcrrLa bt> MocKBy, Moryrt 3aci,naTi>, ct» npaBOMt rojoca, 
fi> Mockobckomt> npHcyTCTBin; TaKHMt ace npaBOMt nojLsyroTca Ilo- 
neTHHe oneKyHH, BXO,namie bt> cocTaBi. MocKOBCKaro npncyrcTBia, bo 
BpeM& npe6HBaHia hxt, bt> C.-IIeTep6yprL 

§ 23. Bt» ynpajaieHia no?erHHxi> oneKyHOBi, BBip&DTca ot^Lil- 
hhh yipeamema Bi^oMCTBa HimepaTpHijH MapiH mh tocth ohhxt> 
He HHa^e xasx no oco6hmt> BHCo^aflniHMT. noBejAmaMt. 

tooGwi npasa h <rtta3aniocni nowrauu onexyHOBi, ynpaBJunoipm> 
yipezAOHiiniH hjh qacnun ohuii, ■ iit> onrfcTCTBeHHOCTB. 

§ 24. Ho^eTHHe oneKymi, ynpaBJwnomie yHpeacaemaMH hjh HacTaMH 
ohkxt>, o6fl3aHu safioTHTtca o Hyacflaxt ynpaBJweMaro hmh aaBeflema, 
hjh BBipeHHoft Hxt none^emio qacTH OHaro h npHHHMaTB, bt> npe- 
A*Jaxi> npeflocTaBJieHHofl hmt> Biacra, bc4 Mtpn kt> hxt> 6aaro- 
ycTpoficTBy. 

§ 25. nowrHHArB oneByHaarL, ynpaBJADn^HBTB yHpeawemaMH hih 
tocthmh ohhx?>, npeAOCTaBjaeTca: a) npaBO sairfeHH HeaocraTKOBt 
c6epesesdfl no B&bwh BTopocTeneHHHMT, no^aaa'fejeHiaM'B cm4th, Ha 
to^homi> ocHOBamH jjiftcTByromnxt vh Bi^oMCTBi cm4thhxt> npaBHJt; 
6) onpe,a$jieHie h yBOJ&Heme otb cjyatfn ^oj»hocthbixi» jraiji. ao 
VI Rjiacca no #oj»hocth BMOTHTejLHo h paapfcmeme onrycKOBi, chmt> 
jnujaarL bt> npe#&jaxT> HsraepiH, Ha cpora He CBume 4 MicaijeBT>; 
b) npaBO Hsfipama h npe^CTaBjeHia, bt> ycTaHORieHHoanb nopwfe, 
Kh yroepayjeHiio bt> ,a;oji»HOCTaxTb jmp> Binne VI Kiacca; r) npea- 
CTaBjeme kt» Harpa^aart Bctxt ^hhobt., cjy»am,nxT> no BBipeHHHMx 
hmi> ynpaBjemaMt h a) paspimeme bu^bmr ^eHeacHNXt Harpa^B h 
noco6ift est. cneipajibHO accHrHyearaxt rilx cero no carf>TaMi> oTflijib- 
hhx'b yqpea^emft BfyjoMCTBa Harpa.pHxt KpeflHTOBt, bt> pa.3Mip* 
AO nojiyro^OBaro OKJa.ua aaaoBaHM. 

UpuMfbHanie. Bjmma&mix npaBa h ofiasaHHOCTH noieraHXt one- 
xyHOBTE», ynpaBjaromnxt y^peayjeHiaMH hjh toctiimh ohhxt,, onpefli- 
jhdtca ycTaBaMH h nojoaeHiffMH chxi> ynpea^eHifi. 

§ 26. HoHeTHHe oneKyHH, Kant Ha^ajtHHRH MicTHaro ynpaBjeHia 
hjih ^acreS OHaro HasaBHCHMo on> o6n^efi oTBiTCTBeHHOCTH sa bc4 
b jo6n^e npecTyniema h npocTynKH no cjyatfit rocy,a;apcTBeHHoft, otb4t- 
cTByrorB TaK»e: 1) Kor^a, hphbhchb-b npeA&ra CBoefi Bjacra, nocTa- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCL — 

HOBjrrt too jh6o fb oTaritay cymecTBy»mHX , & sa&OHOBi*, ycraBofet 
hjh y^pea^emft, hjh me co6cTBeHHHMT» cbohmt* ftfeftcTBiearb h hhho- 
BOBt nopa^OK-L, flja cero ycTaHOBJieHHHft, npeOTHmyn> kt> HcnojHemt) 
TaKyro arfepy, KOTopaa Tpe6yen» HOBaro saKOHa h nocTaHOBjema, rjr 
pacxo,a;a, wl ycTaHOMeHHoarB nopa,nK& He paspianeHHaro, h 2) Borja, 
ocTaBHFt BjacTB, hmt> j&ehjv), 6e8t ^fiGTBia, He6peaeHieiri» cbohmi> 
nonycTHTb BaacHoe sjioynoTpefaeme mh ynjepfo BijOMCTBy. 

UpuMfbHanie Bt> aiyqa* Heo6xo^HMOCTH npHHffria Mipn, paspt- 
nreme Koefi npeBHrnaert Botacrt noraraaro oneKyHa, ho KOTopaa bh- 
stroaeTca HpeaBiraataHMH otfcToaTejLCTBaiiH h He Tepnwrt oraaraTe»»- 
CTBa no^eTHtrft oneKyHT., o^HOBpeMeHHO c% npHHarieirL arfcpH, 30- 
bo^htl o oe** w CBi^BHia rjaBeoynpaBJtttDHi;aro Co6cib6Hhok> Ero 
HMnepatopCftaro BejnraecTBa Kamjejrapiero no yqpeaweHiain* Hame- 
paTpHHji Mapin h, ccjih c^kiaHHoe pacnopaaeme Tpe6yerc» pacxo^a, 
bx. carikrfe saBe^esda He npe.nycMOTptaHaro, HcnpanraBaers bt» ycxa- 

HOBJieHHOMt HOpa,HK4 C06CTBeHHHft Epe^HTi. 

§ 26 1 . OTB*TCTBeHHOCTB noieTHHxi* oneKyHOB* BostfyaflaeTca: 1) 
»ajo6aMH, Henocpe,a,CTBeHHo Ero HainepaTopcKOMy BejHraecray npn- 
hochmhwh; 2) aajotfaMit rjaBHoyiipaBJiatoiijeMy noA^MHeHHHXT* noqeT- 
hedtb oneKyHaarB jihii;t> o npHHy&Aemn hxt» m> arwbwb cymecTByiv- 
m,nxT> 3aKOHOBi> h npaBan. ran ko BBe^emi), hobhxt. ycTaHOBjnm- 
Kuwh nopa^KOMt He yTBepo^eHHHMt; 3) nocjrt^crBieirb cy.ua, M^ 
no^HHeHHHMH hmt> .iimam npoHSBO^HMaro, Korja nocjri.apia aoBaatyrfc, 
too HenpaBHjtHocTb .niftcTBia, sa KOTopoe ohh npe^aHH cyny, npo- 
nsoHLia on To^maro HcnojHema npe^qmcamfi Hoteimro oneByHa, 
Koeiwy ohh no^HHeHU, hjih too saROBTL, HcnoraeHie soroparo ct> hhx% 
BsucKHBaeTca, He 6hjit» hmt, npe,H?racaHT>; 4) o6o3p4maMH corjia- 
cho ycrajay onBByHcsaro coBfera Hasna^aeMUMH, peBHSiaun rjiasHoynpa- 
Bj«K)in,aro h peBusiaMH ot^&ibhux'l TOCTeft ynpaRiema saBe^emfi 
BtAOMCTBa, no pacnopasemio raaBHoynpaBJunonjaro iipohsboxhmhmh h 
5) pascMorpimeBrk OTieTOBi,. 

Ecjh oneKyHCKift coBtrt ycMOTpmi, ito ho saBeaemairB* ynpaB- 
jremK) noieTHHXi> oneKyHOBt BBipeHHHirB, BKpajracB BaatHua sjoyno- 
Tpe6jieHia, hjh Bt npe^TaBJieHiart, otb no^eTHHX* oneKyHOFB b* 
oneEyHCKifi cob*tt» h cryuHBiuHxt, oTKpoen* oecToaTejfcCTBa, Heco- 
rjacHHa ci> HacToamnMi. nojroaceHieMt A*ja, to, noTpe6oBaTL otb 
no^eTHaro oneKyHa, ro BOToparo cie othochtch o6i>acHeHie l eaceJH 
nafcerL oHoe HeyBa»HTeju»HHM*L, npe^CTaBjaerb o ceMt hh ycMOT- 
pime HumeparopcBaro BejHiecTBa. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ecu — 

§ 26 2 . 3a Hapymeme aojira aiy»6H norarape oneKpra, no pas- 
CMOTpimH xkxa fb onefiyHCKOMt coBiri, nprajieKattTca Kt oTfffcT- 
CTBeHHOCTH nopjagpcoirB, ycTaHOBjeHHHirb Bt ct. 1097 ycT. yroj. cy#opp. 
H3A. 1892 r. 

§ 26 s . HMymecTBeHHofl OTBiTCTBeHHOCTH no^eTHue oneKymi no,n- 
jiea&Th, m> cjy^ai ^onymenia hmh ymep6a Bi.a.oMCTBy no saBeaeHijenrB 
hjh qacraiTB ohhxt>, BBipeHHHXt hxb ynpaBjemio. 

§ 26 4 . HcincaeHie npn^HHeHHaro si^OMCTBy ym,ep6a ^bficTBiaMH 
no^oT^eTHiixt ynpeajeHifi h jmm> nponsBO^HTca bt> nopjwti, yita- 
3aHHOMi> bx nojroaemH o kohtpoj* Bi^OMCTBa y^peawemfi HainepaT-. 
pinm Mapin, a pasMipt yna^aDi^aro Ha Kaa^oe hsb mwieacamHX'B 
HaneTy xwxh BSucsaHia ycTaHaBJHBaeTca, Ha ocHoaamn peBHaioHHuxt 
jaHHHXB, oco6ltmt> npncyTCTBieMib. 

§ 27. Bi^Hiio oneByHcsaro coBfrra no^esarB: 

6 1 . HpeABapHTejiBHoe oficyameme Bonpocom. o jwrnoft OTBiTCTBeH- 
hocth noqeTHHXi> oneKyHOBt; 

6 2 . PaacMOTptHie nepeaaHHijx'B hst> ocofiaro npucyrcTBui aijrB 
o HaqeTaxi> no kohtpojbhhm'b peBHsiaMt. 

§ 27 1 . Bi^lHiro ocofiaro npncyTCTBia oneKyHCKaro coBtoa no^Jie- 
x&Th fi^jLB. o Hajioatemn Ha^eTOBx n BSHCKamft no kohtpojbhhm'b 
peBH3iaMt AeHeaeHHXt o6opotobt» h HMymecTBa Bcixt sase^emfi h 
y^pesaemS BiflOMCTBa HninepaTpHim Mapin. 

UpuMfbHanie. ^t.ia o Ha^eTaxt h BSHCKaHiax'B no saBeflemairB 
ynpaBJiaeMHMt noraTHHMH oneKyHawn, pascMaTpHBaroTca bt> oco6oatb 
npHcyTCTBin He npeayje, KaKt no BHcaymamH jraqHHXt o&h&cnemlk 
npHTJiaineHHaro ma cefi ivkra bt> sadyjame imeTHaro oneicyHa, 6y^;e 
ate ofb, no EaKHMi> jlh6o npn^niHaMT. «bhtbch He Moaen>, npeflCTaB- 
JieHHaro hmi> nncBMeHHaro o&Lnmemsi. 

§ 27*. ,H4jia 5 no^jemamJH Bi^m© oco6aro npncyTCTBifl, pima»Tca 
(xkhbiiihhctbom'b tojiocob'b, iipH paBeHCTBi kohxt>, rojocB npejeifla- 
Tejia aaerB nepeBicB, ho ec-m no^eTirafi oneKymb saBe^emH, kt* Koeiiy 

OTHOCHTCH HaTOTB, He npH3HaeTB BOSMOSHHM'B corxacHTca CB TaKO- 

bhm'b pkmeHieM!>, a TaK»e eara TOBapnmTb raaBHoynpaBJiaiDmaro 
ocTaHeTca npn oco6omt> mh4h1h, hjh nocjii.nyerB coBepmeHHoe paano- 
rjacie m> Mfffemax'B, to tffcjio bhochtgs Ha pascMOTpime oneKyHCEaro 
coBiTa. 

npuMtbwuie. 3a,aBjieHifl o Hecorjacin cb pimemeM'B oco6aro npn- 
cyTCTBia noneTHud oneKyH^ h TOBapamB rjaBHoynpaBjjQom,aro npe^- 
TXBJUDDTh bt> ^ByxHeA*JBHufl cpoKx co jip& o6i»JiBJie^ p^njepi^. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCLH — 

Bet nponiJi ^ojacHoCTHHJi jhiui, Ha KOTopuxt Bsmerh HajraraeTCH, bt> 
cjyqa-fe oecorjaciji cti nxi, p-IimeHioMt npncyTCTBia, Moryrt shuibhtl 
rjiaBHoynpaiLifliOincMy in. Ton, ae cpoKt upoTecn* ROTopuft, BMicri <n> 
ofiata-iDBaHffUMt HGCTaHuiuemeMT> npncyTCTBUj, npe^cTaBjaeTca TaKate 
Ha yuaateHie oneKyHCKaro cob^th. 

§30'* HasnaqeHie Bpowen sac&AaHift oco6aro npncyTCTBia h onpe- 
ffkieme o^epe^ti uofljieatamirxT. ero otfcyamemro a'Ltl npe^ocTaBJiaeTCH 
npe^dwiTeji) npiicyTCTBjji nopji^oKt ^oMa^a h cyacflema ^ijn» co- 
<1jK>Atft i TCrt ycTOHOiueHHuft &aa oneKyHCKaro coBfoa. 

§ 3D 2 . IIpeArfwvre,™ ocoOaro npncyTCTBia npeaocTaBjraeTca npn- 
rJamaTL wh sacfeAama QHaro, &m o(h>acHeHiS, 6e&h npaBa roxoca, 
Bctxi> jnmi., yiacTie bohx-l n K&& ohb npH3Haerb no«Te3HHMT>. 

§ 38*, Bt> ocofioHt npncvTCTBiH oneKyHCKaro cofffcra jtfbjia AORia^H- 
BaDTca KOHTpojepoMi. EOHTpojrfl Bi^oMCTBa y*ipeac,fl;eHifi HarnepaTpHiu* 
Mapin, bij npncyTCTBiM ynpaBJUfromaro KOHTpoaepoMt, npn^earB no- 
curfyprift, m* cjryHa'fc BaAotioocTH, flaerc, neofixo^HMHa no ^Liy ofoa- 
cneeia. ^Jia ^luonpoii^Bo^CTBa npncyTCTBia r-iaBHoynpaBJunDmiii ko- 
MaHAHpyeri. bi* pacnopaawHie npe,fl;dM;aTeja HeotfxoaHMoe tocio h3t> 
coctojuuhxtj ffk ^ r o nijfcHin 'jhhobhhkob'b. 

Hojoxeiiir o ConcTBennofl Era MunepaTopcfearo Bejnecriia K*Hi|6JUipii 
no jqpeK hiimoi % iMeparpiipi Mapii. 

§ 2, 06a3aHHocTH FJiaBHoynpaBJADiB^aro cyTB: 

b) BHCinifl Ha^sopt aa i/hftcTBiaMH bc4xt» cocToamnxT* bt> b4,hom- 
ctb4 y^poiiyi,eHift HMiiepaTpimbi Mapin KaRt m> cmnmaxt, TaKt h 
wh ryfopiiiaxT*, Mtcn., u jnip. h sa Heocjia6HUMi> Hcno.iHeHieMt hmh 
cymecTByrcmnx'K noexaHoujemft, Ha ofimnxt ocHOBamaxi*, yKasaHHHXi* 
bt. ct. 154 — 159 y^jp, mhh., ftp;. 1892 r. 

§ 4. TjiaBHoynpaBJiiaomifi i\ TOBapnmi'B ero hm4k>ti» rfc ate npasa, 
B^facTi. h ofiaaaeHHocTH, Kairifl irpncBoeHH MHHHCTpaMt h hxt> TOBapn- 
m,ftM*b, Ch TiMt, corjacHO ct. 159 yip. mhh., H3fl. 1892 r., paenpo- 
CTpaeeEiean, h orpaHH^HieirL osHa^eHHofi B-iacTH, KOTopua ycTanoB- 
jreuH oco6hmh ycxaBaswH h noAomemaMH BiyipMCTBa y*ipeam;eHift Haine- 
paTpsmn Mapin. 

95i£. 06i yimepmik'Hiu no omenta o nopmoeou tuKOMb ez Upon- 
uimachmb. 

i airy era J» 133. 

953. npedonnameniu nadmdameAHKb unmepHamovb npu 10- 
podcKHxi, yMH.iumaxh TypKecmancKato Kpax cAyotce6nbixh npcwb u 
npmMymeem&hm 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccLm — 

954. O&b ynpeafcdeniu ty6epncKou maopeMHoii uncnemiu a* ty- 
Sepmaxb KoeencKou^ KjcmpoMCKou, HojmoecKcu, lepnmoecKou u 
flpocAaeeKou. 

rocy^apcTBeHHHfl Cob4tt> MHtbuieMh noAOOtcuAh: 

1) BBecTH fi> ryoepHiaxt KoBeHcsoft, KocrpoMCKofi, IIojrTaBCKofi, 
MepHHroBCKoii h JIpocJiaBCKoft ycTpoficTBO MicTHaro sauiAHBaHia tk>- 
pejmoK) qacTBD Ha ocHOBamaxi,, H3JioaeHHHX'B bt> Buco^afime yr- 
Bepa^eHHOBTL 21 mapTa 1890 r. MHimB rocyappcraeHHaro CoB/BTa 
o6t yqpea^emH ryfiepHCKoft nopeimofi HHcneicijiH. 

2) Ynpa.sj^HHTb bt» cocTaB* KoBeHesaro ry6epHCKaro npaBjteHMi 
o^Hy aojukhoctb CoFBTHmca, ct> OKJiaAOWB coflepacama bt» 1.800 py6. 
bt> ro#T». 

3) 3aHHMa»m;ee ynpaa^HaeMyiD flojaraocrt (ct. 2) jramo, 6y^e oho 
He no-jyran, HOBaro HasHaHema, ocTaBHTB sa mTaTOMi>, Ha ofimean. 
ocHOBamn, oTHeca pacxo^t na iipohbboactbo eaiy saniTaTHaro co,a;ep- 
acama Ha wen Kpe^HTa, BHeceHHaro bt> ct. 13 § 27 pacxo^Hoft cm4- 
th MHHHCTepcTBa BHyTpeHHHX?> flfixh na 1895 roflx. 

4) OsHaTOHHiw bt» craTLaxt 1 — 3 arfjpH npHBecTH bt» ^iflcTBie 
ct 1-ro ceffra6pa cero 1895 ro.ua. 

5) Ha co.a;epaaHie TropeMHHxt OTflfciemfi KoBOHCKaro, KocrpoM- 
csaro, IIojTaBCKaro, HepHHroBCKaro h flpocaaBCKaro ry6epHCKHXT> npa- 
Biemfl bhochtb eacero^Ho, HaraHaa ct> 1 aHBapa 1896 r., bt> no#- 
jeacam,ia noflpasfliJieHia pacxoflHoft citbth MmHCTepcTBa BHyTpen- 

HHXT> JI.4-TB, HO TH)peMHOfl laCTH, HO ABaflljaTH BOCBMH TLICaTB HHTH- 

con. py6-ieft, cb saneTOM-B wb 3Tycymiy THcaro boclmhcotx pytfjeft, 
ocBofoa^aroui.Hxca Ha ocHOBamn CTaTLH 2 HacToamaro y3aKOHema. 
Pacxojg^b me Ha coflepatame osHa^eHHuxx TDpeMHLixt OT,n$JieHii bt> 
noc^iAHeft Tpera TeKymaro (1895) ro.ua, bt> KOjraraecTFB ,n;eBaTH th- 
cjerai> narHcoTL pyfaeft, hokphtb Ha c^en>: a) ocTaTKOBx on> Kpe- 
AHTa, accHTHOBaHHaro Ha coaepacame ynoMaHyroft bt> CTai&i 2 #oji- 
shocth, h 6) oatHAaeMHXt ofimnxt 0CTaTK0Bi> on, Kpe.nHTOBt, Has- 
Ha^eHHHXi> no § 2 pacxo#Hoft carfc™ no wopeMHofi^acTH Ha 1895 ro^t. 
Ero HimepaTopcKoe BejnraecTBO BocnoartflOBaBmee Mfffeme bt> 
ofimeurB co6pamn rocy^apcTBeHHaro coBiTa 29 Maa 1895 r., Buco- 
safime yTBepprn. coH3BOJffljn> h noBejr&jrjb hchojebhtb. 

955. 06^ ynpeotcdeniu Mucciu npu BeMtKO-repimcKo-recwHc* 
KOMb deoptb. 

rocyAapcTBeHHHfi Cob-stl MHtbuieMh noAomuAv. 

I. Buco^afime yTBepa^eHHue 4 4>eBpaia 1875 r. niTaTu 3arpa- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCUY — 

hhihhx'b ycTaaoBjemfl MnHHCTepcTBa HHOCTpaHHHX'B ^tl (stop, 
nojm. co6p. 3aB., t. L, J\& 54347) ^ohojihhti> yipea^emeurL HHCciH 
npn BejHKo-repn;orcKO-recceHCKOM , B ^Bopi m> cocTaBi MHHHCTpa-pe- 
3H,n;eHTa h ceiepeTapa Mnccin, npH^eMt iiphcbohtb: MHHHCTpy-pesnfleH- 
Ty — IV KJiaccx no TOHonporaBOflCTBy, IV paapajp* no hihtb© Ha 
MyHjappi h ro^oBofl oKjajTB coaepacaHia wh eocexb nmcnm Meraxxn- 
qecKHX'B py6^eft (3a ysaKOHeHmmn BHraeTaMH), a ceKpeTapro — VII 
KJiacct no HHHonpoHSBO^CTBy, VII paapa^B no hihtbh) Ha myHflnprfe 
h roflOBoft OKJia^t coaepacania bt> detb muchHu nxmhcorm MeTajjH- 
necKHXt py6jeft (3a y3aK0HeHHHMH BU^eTaMH) h, Kpoarfc Toro, oTnyc- 
KaTB eatero,nHo naTBCorc. MeTajwH^ecKHXt py6jefl Ha KamjeaapcKie 
pacxo^H bhobb y^peayjaeMoft Mnccin. 

II. UoTpefimift Ha coflepacame ynoMaHyrofl mhccui. (otx I) eace- 
ro.fl.HHfi pacxo^L, Bt KOjnrqecTBi o;*HHa;maTH THcart MeTajunraecKHX'B 
pyfiaefi, npHHflTL Ha cnen> rocyAapcTBeHHaro KaaHa^eficTBa h bho- 
chtb, ct. 1 HHBapa 1896 r. bt> nofljieatamia no^pas^taeHia pacxofl- 
Hofi CMiTH MnHHCTepcTBa HHocrpaHHHxt ^tjt, bt> TeKymeMi ace 
ro,ny, bt» TOMt KOJH^ecTB*, Kajcoe npinrreTca co /pia yTBepamema 
HacToanjaro ysaKOHema, othccth Ha ocTaran, Morynjie otfpasoBaTLca 
no §§ 6 h 7 cm4th Ha3BaHHaro BiflOMCTBa Ha 1895 ro^t. 

Ero HMnepaTopcKoe RejnnecTBO BOcnoaiiflOBaBinee wnfeHie bt» 
o6m;eMi> co6pamH rocynapcTBeHHaro cosiTa 29 Man 1895 r., Bh- 
corafime yTBep^HTB coh3boj[hjt> h noB&rfui> hchojihhtb. 

956. pa3ptbiueniu eudanu t&b ynuAimnaio (fionda Munucmep- 
emea Hymeu Cootiuieuin noco6i# ua uyotcdu ynenuHecKuxh o6%qeoicumi& 
npu meocHUHectatxi Mejm3HodopooiCHbvrb yHmwqaarb. 

967. 06b yeeAuneniu noco6in U3z kotom, omnycfcaeMaw C.-IIe- 
mepSyptCKOMy o&u^ecmey ecmecmeoucnt*mameAetZ. 

958. npeo6pa3oeamu MockosckoU wecmuKAaccHoft npoiuMna- 
3%u 6rb nomyw tuMua3m. 

959. 06b ynpcotcdeuiu orb 1. 3adoHCKn>, eopoueofccnou ty6epniu 
wKOAbt peMecAennuxz ynenuKoeb. 

960. 06b yeeAuneniu ocmenaio mnumaAa ri 06ittecmea A3oecfcaw 
napoxjdcmea* . . 

961. 06b ycmanoeAeniu ewiwumo ouda 30Aomoil u noAHOW>nno& 
cepe6pAH0# MOuemw. 

Tocyflapt HMnepaTopt, no BcenoaaaHHiftineMy RQKxaflj Mhhhc- 
TpoMt ^HHaHCOBT* aypnaaa oco6aro KOMmera 061. yeraHOBae&iH bh4- 
fflHaro BHja bojotoS h hojiho^hhoA cepe6p«Hoil MOHew, vh 2G ^eHB 



Digitized by 



Google 



r«^ 



— CCLT — 

*aa 1895 roja, Bucoiaftme cohsbojihjt> yTBepgHTL noApofooe ouh- 
came h pacyHOKt TaKOBoft MOHe™. 

Bcjrt^CTBie cero, Ha ocHOBaHin ct. 18 ycT. mohot., Mhhhctpt> 
*HHaBcom>, 3 i»Ha 1895 r., npe^craBHjrL bt> IIpaBHTejiBCTByromifi 
CeHarb, &jl* pacny6jiHKOBaHia, cnncoRi> ex Buconafiine yTBepa^eH- 
Haro noApo6Haro onncama sojiotoA h nojraoi#HHoft cepetfpanoft mo- 
He™, a paBno h Koni» pHcymta TasoBofi MOHera. 

nOAPOBHOE OnMCAHIE 

BHtmHJirO BHM 30JIOTOft H HOJfflO^HHOft CEPEBPJffi- 

HOft MOHETH. 

JlmjeBaa cropoHa sojotoS h nojraoijiHHoft cepe6pjraoft mohcth 
npeACiaBJueTB npo(|>raBHoe, Bjrfwo o<5pam,eHHoe, H3o6paaeme Tocy- 
japa HimepaTopa ct, HafliracLi) BOKpyn>: „Eo»ie» M&iocTii) Hhko- 
xb& II HamepaTopT, h CaaiOAepsei^B BcepocciflcKifi". 

06opoTHaa cropoHa sojotoA uoHeTii npeflCTaBjaert rocy,n,apeTBeH- 
HHft rep6t cb HaiflpHCBE) BOKpyn, — Ha aecara py6jreBofl MOHerk: BBep- 
xy — n IlMnepiaji'L a , h bhhsy — n 10 py6xefi sojotom-l" h ro^t TOKaH- 
kh, a Ha iwTHpy6jeBoft Moneri: BBepxy — ^IlaiyHMnepiart", a bhh- 
sy — „5 py6jieft sojotomx" h ihwl TOKaHRH. 

06opoTHaa cropoHa cepe6paHofi moh6th npe^craBjiaen> rocy,n,ap- 

CTBeHHHfl Tep&h, CT. 0(>03HaqeHieMT> BHHSy fcOCTOHHCTBa MOHeTU H 

ro^a HenaHKH. Ha pe6pi sosoTod h cepeGpraoS py6jeBoS n naro- 
AecaTHKonieqHofl MOHeTLi H3o6pasaeTca yrjy6jieHHUMH 6yKBaMH co- 
Aepxame bt> Heft TOcraro MeTaua; pe6po ABawaTHnaroKoirteqHofl 
mohgth — py6^aToe. 

962. Onepenecemu Mtbcmonpe6umHia npaeAenin moeapuiqecmea 
PoMaHoecKuxh caxapntATb 3aeodoeb. 

968. npodAeniu cpom 6ar co6pania emepou nacmu ocnoe- 
nato KanumaAa n 06u$ecmea npedoxpanenin depeea orm npevedeepe- 
Menuou nopnu u mienix*. 

964. 06% ymeepotcdeuiu umamoeb QepiaucKaw u UpotceeaAb- 
CKo&o maMOOtceuHuxh yvacmKoeb. 

965. Ofo ynpeotodefiiu eb KoHcmanmunonoMb doAOtcnocmu kom- 
MepHecicato atenma Mtmucmepcmea (pumHcovb. 

966* pa3prbtumiu vtanycKa xapanmupoeaHHbiXb IIpaeumeAb- 
cmeoMb u nodAeotcatyuxi c6opy cb doxodoe* otm deneofcnuxb mnuma- 
m. »pHA. o6m. ih. mi 1895 r. 17 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cam — 

Aoerb 4°/ o6Autau/iu o6tyecmea Jod3UHCKoit ofceAtb3nou dopoiu na 
1.600.000 py6. nped. napuu. 

2 &Brycra A* 134. 

967. 06b ymeepotcdeuiu ycmaea moeapuu^ecmea meoda eodo- 
mpy6HUX^ Komjwffb. 

968. 06b ymeepotcdeniu ycmaea amionepnaxo o6tyecmea <fia6~ 
puicu efbHCKOu Me6eAu Unoea u Iocufia Kom. 

969. 06b u3MtbHeniu nopxdna nocmanoenu mududamoeb ehtcan- 
dudamcKOMh cnuenm na pa3HUH doAO/CHocmu, no KOMandoeanm om- 

dtbAbHUMU eOUHCKUMU HOCmMMU. 

3 aBiycra Jtf 135. 

970. 06b ytneepofcdeniu yemaea Odecctcato aKuioHepnato o6ute- 
cmea nCmeapuKb*. 

971. o&b ymeepotcdeniu ycmaea moeapumecmea d*a SKcnAoama* 
v,iu 9AeKtnpuHecmea M. M. IIodoGtbdoeb u K*. 

972. 06b ynpeotcdeniu doAOtcnocmu . wmaGb-o<fiuuepa tenepoAh- 
nato %uma6a 6m nopyHeniti npu \uma6n> UpuaMypcxato eoennaxo 
OKpyia. 

4 ainym JW136. 

973. 06^ usMfbueniu npaeuxb, tcacaioutuxcx npufutmix tpysoeb 
Kb nepeeo3Ktb no oiceAn*3HMMb dopota.Hb. 

rocyaapcTBeHHHfi Cob4tt> umbuieMb noAooicuAb\ 

I. BaaM-feHi* ct. 51 h npHMi^ama Kb Heft o6m;aro ycTaea Pocc. 
«ea. aoport (cb. saK. t. XII, h. 1, hs,h;. 1886 r.) nocTaHOBHTt: 

IIpnHflTue Kb nepeB03K& rpy.su aojshu 6htb ompaBJUieMEi ci> 
co6.ii)^emeMT> nopaypta o^epe^eft, 6esi> bchkhx?> am KasHX'L-jiHfo 
onipaBHTejieft rjh bhaob'b rpyaoB'B npenMymecTBt, sa HCRooHeHiein.: 
1) rpysoBt, noAJieaamHX'B nepeBOSBi no oco6umt> npaBiuaart, n 2) 
rpysoB^i 6e30T.iaraTejiBHaa nepeBosKa kohx-l Tpe6yeTca bt> otfnjero- 
cy^apcTBeHHHXi> HHTepecaxt hjeh bt> BH^axx yflOBJieTBopema o6m,e- 
ctb6hhuxi> HysAT* hjih »e o6m;nMH npaBHTejiBCTBeHHHMH pacnopaate- 

HiffltfH. 

UpuMtbHUHie 1. CBepxx npHHiiTHXT> Kb nepeB03K& rpysoBi, bt> 
o^epe^H oinpaBiema BB.TOiaK)TC& no Ha^eatameMx cent saoBje- 
mn oTnpaBHTejefi: 1) rpysu, Haxo^anqeca bt> npHimcaHrart Kb <rraH- 
n}n cBJiaAaxi> mra CKJia^oHHHX'B noMimemax'B, HenpHHaAiesanprci* 
at. Aopori h HecocToanpix'B bt> ea noJBSOBamH, h 2) rpysu, cjio- 
aceHHue Ha cbo6oahhx?> CTaHujoHHUx-L .seauaxt, npe^ocTaBjeeHHHXt 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cclvh — 

bo BpeMeHHoe nojLSOBame orapaBHTeaeft (n. 3 ct. 45-oft n ct. 47-a, 
no npo*. 1893 r.). 

UpuMfbHanie 2. Bfeflame npaBHJit nepeBOSRH rpysoFB, ynoauffly- 
twxt> bt> n. n. 1 h 2 cefl craTLH, a Tarace o nponncici ku cran- 
njjorfc CKja^oFB h cKja^o^HHXT> noMimemfl (n. I, npHM. 1) h ono- 
pa,pr6 saaBJEemH kt> OTnpaBBft h npHHOTta kt> nepeB03Ki HaxoA*- 
npxcfl bt> hhxt» rpyaora, npHHa^eaKHTL CoBfrry no »ejr&3Ho,nopo»- 
hhitb A-LiaMx. Kpoarfc Toro, ceMy CoBfay npeaocraBJUieTCH onpe.a.4- 
jtatb, KaKie pow rpysoBx h bt> KaKHXt cjyHaaxt Moryn» 6htl ot- 
npasjfleMU bt> OTCTynjeme nopAAsa o^epe^eii, no pasBepcTK* Baro- 
ness Mea^y orapaBHTejiaMH, coo6pa3HO KOjnreecTBy saflBjeHHimb icaa- 
Ammt, H3i> hhx-l kt> oTnpaBKfc rpysoBi*, h HS^aBaTL Hafljieaamin no 
ceay npe^MeTy npaBHJia. 

II. IIyHKTT> 8 ct. 50 Toro ace ycraBa, mwbReBHoft Bucoqaftnie 
yTBepsAeHHUMi>, 6 i»Ha 1894 r., MfffcrneM* rocynapcrBeHHaro Co- 
i&ra (cotfp. ysaK. h pacn. npaB. 1894 r., Jk 118, ct. 867) naioanTL 
cjr6xyi>nptBrL o6pasoMi»: 

IIyHKTT> 8. On» c6opa ajwi noKpHTia H8Aepacein> Ha npncnoco6- 
leeia #w xpaneaia rpysoBt bt> CTamuoHraxt c&iwihhx'b hom4- 
memaxx ocBo6o3RflfljmcE: rpysH, xota h npHHa^jieaajnie no CBoeMy 
po^y in> oniaHHBaeMUMT> odopoMi*, ho cjioseHHue Ha otboahmhxs 
no ct. 47 (no npo^. 1893 r.) njioma^axt CBo6o^Hofi 3eaiJH, a Tarace 
rpy3ii, npe^T>«BJiaeMHe kt> nepeBOdKt mn> npnimcaHHHXT> kt> craa- 
quon> cuaAOBi> hjih CKJ[aAOHHHXi> nonimemft, Henpiraa I a 1 Jie)EamHx r i> 
joporfe h ho cocToaniHXT> bt. ea nojiBdOBamH. 

III. HpHMiiame 2 Kb ct. 50 Toro ate ycraBa (no npo,n. 1893 r.) 

OTM^HHTB. 

IV. CraTBD 81 Toro ae ycraBa (h3^. 1886 r.) aoho-ihhtb cjii^y- 
»npwb npHMi^ameMi*: 

nopa^oKT, Bii^aqH rpysoBi, orapaBJiaeMnxt Ha b4tbh kt. npn- 
craaaMt, saBOflaMx, <J>a6pHKaMT>, Mara3HHaan>, cKjaaaMt h t. n. on- 
pe^&ifleTCfl npaBHjaMH, Hs^aBaeMmiH CoBiTOMi, no aejitsHO^opoa- 

HHM1» flfclSLWb. 

V. Bt> cTaTti 24 nojoateHia o noAxfe^Huxx nyraxi* kt» aejrfcs- 
Ewtb ^oporaMt (cbo,h. aaKOH. t. XII, h. I, m&. 1893 r.) hckjuo^htl 
cjOBa: „o6t o^epeAflxx nepeBoaoKt". 

Ero HMnepaTopcKoe BemracTBO Bocnooit^oBaBmee Mfffcme bt> 06- 
mpwb cofipamn rocy^apcTBeHHaro OBiTa 1 iiDHa 1895 r. Buco- 
Hatoe yTBep^HTL cohsbojih-h* h noBeji4jn> hchojihhtl. 

17* 



Digitized by 



Google 



^*p» l 



— ccLvnr — 

974. 06b ynpeotcdeniu eb i. Eticnrb, KyOancKoti otiAacmu, uucom* 
peMecMHuuxh ynenuKoeb. 

975. 06b ynpasdueniu Cypaotcocou npotuMHcmu u npeo6po30- 
oaniu yMauacou u ^epKaccKoU npotuMHcuiti . 

976. 06b yupeotcdeniu npu HumeiopvdcKOMb BAaduMtpcKOMb pe- 
aAbHOMh ynuMtuph cpedtuiw MexaHuxomexHuuecKato ynuAUUfa u o6b 
ymeepotcdeniu tumama cew ynuAuufa. 

977. 06b yeeMiueniu ocnoenaio mnumaAa flonewcaio o6uteemea 
oic€Afb3odfbAam€AhHaw u cmaAeAumeHnato npouseodcmeb. 

976. 06% yeeAuneniu ocnoenaio mnumaAa tnoeaputnecmea pyc- 
CKO-(ppawyccKuxb 3aeodoeb pesunoeaio, lymmanepveeaio u meAeipatfh 
uato npouseodcmeb^ nodb f/fupMm n IIpoeodHUKh a . 

979. 06b ymeepoicdeHiu ycmaea Pyccxato napoeo3ocmpoumex%- 
naio u MexanuHeacaxo o6utecmea. 

980. donomenifiXh Kb mapwfiy 6jm eeo3UMtaxi eh 3aicacni4l- 
acyio o6Aacmh u Eyxapcnoe xancmeo unocmpannuxb moeqpoeb unpa- 
eujiaMb 6ah pynoeodcmea npu npuMtbHeuiu ceio tnapwfia maMOPcen- 
HbtMu ynpeotcdernHMu 3aKacniticK0ii o6Aacmu u xancmea. 

981. 06b u3Mn>H€Hiu ycmaea XapMcoe&caw o6ufecmea emuMr 
uaw npeduma. 

982. 06b u3MfbneHiu wmamoeb maMooteerb: C.-lIemep6ypicxou 
npu (fiuHAHndcKoii otceAn>3Hou dopoith, IIpatucKoti u CAynetiKo*. 

983. pasptbuteuiu Kb etanyctcy 4°/ tapanmupoeaHHUXb Upa- 
eumeAbcmeoMh o6Au%au,iu o6u^ecniea Kho-BocmoHHbtxi 3tceAtb3HtAXh 
dopotb na 19.500.000 p. ftp. nap. 

984. pasprbweniu Kb ettnycKy 4% tapanmupoeaHHtuxh Upa- 
emncAbcmeoMb nod.\edtcaw,uocrb naAoiy o6Autauiii o6u+ecmea MoacoecKO- 
flpocAOHCKo-ApxameAhcnou otceAfb3HO# dopotu na 20.780.700 py6. 
nped. napuu. 

985. 06h usMtbHeniu ycmaea Kieecxaw topodcKato xpedumuato 
o6utecmea. 

8 asrycra JV 137. 

986. 06b todaniu noeato tumama HMnepamopcKOti ny6Aunmu 
6u6A\omeKu. 

987. HfbKomopt*xb mMibHenijiXb eb nopadxtb ynpaeAeni* u 
xo3Hucmsa Mocxoechuxb Mtbcrm 3axAtoneHiji. 

rocyAapcTBeHHHfi Cob4tt> HHtbnieMb noAomuAh: 

I. B'B OTirbHy, H3MiHeme h Aonojraeme noAJre^am 1 HXT>paKOHeHii f 

nOCTRBOBHTB: 




Digitized by 



Google 



— OCLTX — 

1) MoasofiCBaa rytfepHCKaa TDpBMa, CT>ateflCKHMi> e* wsxhxemewb, tk>- 
peMHaa (kxiBHHija, qeHrp&iBHaa nepecuiBHaa TDpBMa h ncnpaBHTeJiLHaa 
TDpBMa cocroflTB wh Henocpe,n;cTBeHHOMT> Bi^mn MocBOBesaro rytfep- 
HaTopa, a apecTaHCKia noMimeHia npn no.umeiicKHX'L £OMaxr> ro- 
po.ua Mockbh — bt> vbxbma MocKOBCKaro ofiept-nojHi^iflMefiCTepa. 

2) 3aB4flUBaHie bc&mh otpocaomh ynpaBJiema, xosaftCTBa h Ha^- 
3opa bt> ry6epHCK0&, ncnpaBHT&iBHoft h ijeHrpajBHoii nepecuucbHoft 
T»pbMaxT> BBipaeTca Ha^ajrBHHKaMt bthxt, TDpeMt, no npHHa^jrem- 
hocth. 3aBt^HBame ateHCKHMt oTj&ieHieM'L rytiepHcsoJI tdpbmu bo3- 
jiaraerca Ha HaraiBHHKa HcnpaBHrejBHofi tdpbmu, aTDpeMHOD 6o;ib- 
HHn,ero — Ha HaH&iLHHsa ijeffrpajBHoft nepecBUBHoft tdpbmu. 

3) Me^HipracKie tohh h hhhu a^MHHHCTpaniH Mockobckhxi td- 
peMHuxi> 6ojBHHn; , B onpeA&iaDTca kt> aoj&hoctaatb h yBOJiBHHDTca 

OTT» HHX1> Ha OCHOBaHiH o6in,HXl> CHXT. AOJttHOCTHX'B HOCTaHOlUO- 

mft, ct> coxpaHeHieMx sa osHa^eHHUMH raHaMH c*Tyse6HUXi» npaBi> 
ycraHOBjemrax'B Buconaftme yTBepameHHHMT> 17 4>eBpaxa 1862 ro^a 
MHimearB rocyaapcTBeHHaro CoBiTa (BTop. nojiH. co6p. aaK., t. XXXVII 
ota. 1) & 37991) h ct> oTHecemesTB pacxoflOBt no co^epatami) hxt> 
Ha asoHOMHieesia cpe^CTBa Mockobckhxt* m^cpb saKJD^ema. 

4) Cmotpht&ib h 6yxra^TepL-nHCBM0B0AHTaiB MockobckoS TDpeM- 

HOfi 60JBHHim HOATOHJOOTCa HaH&IBHHBy nepecHJiBHofl TDpBMH, Ha 

npaBaxt homohi^hkobx Ha^ajiBBZHBOBt tdpbmu. 

5) Onpej^ieme h yBo JBHeme coctohid(hxi> npn (kwiBHHAaxi* (fre-iBA- 
HiepoBT,, fyexbjunepwfr, iihcd;obt> h hhshhxt, cjiyKHTe^efl npe^oc- 
TaBjaeTca HaqaiBHHKy nepecHJBHofl tdpbmu, ho coraameHiD co cTap- 
mHM7> BpaqeMt 6oJIBHHfi0K. 

6) MocEOBCKie MyacKofi h aaMCKifi komhtoth otfnjecTBa nonera- 
TejBHaro o TDpBMaxt, a TaKsce xosaftcTBeHHoe npaBJieme h nonera- 

T&IBCTBO npH HCHpaBHTejIBHOft TDpBMt ynpasAHHDTca. 

7) Bi> cocTaBi o6m,ecTBa noneraTejBHaro o TDpBMaxB, ynpeac- 
jaDTca MocKOBCBie My»CKofi h RaMCsifi 6jraroTBopHTejiBHo-TDpeMHHe 
B0MHT6TU. Komhtoth cm pyKOBOflCTByDTca Buco^afinie yTBepayjeH- 
hhm-l, 12 Maa 1893 r., ycTaBOWB cocToamnxt no^t BucoiaflnraMt 
noKpoBHTejcbCTBOMi* C.-neTepfiyprcKHxi* Myacicaro h .naMCKaro 6jra- 

rOTBOpHTOJIBHO-TDpeMHUX'B KOMHTeTOBT> (cb. 3aK. t. XIV, ycT. COfl. 
iiOKh CTp., ct. 45, npHM. 1, no npoa. 1893 r., npnj.), ct> HHaeorfe- 

J^yDU^HMH, yKaSaHHUMH Wh CTaTBHXt 8 — 14, HSMiHGHiaMH HOCTaHOB- 

Jiemfl osHa^eHHaro ycTaBa, co^epaaniiHXCJi bt. CTaTBaxx oHaro 3, 7 
(n. 2), 9, 19, 33, 37 h 39 (n. 4). 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCLX — 

8) IIoqeTHOK) npe^ci^aTejBHHn,eE) MocsoBCKaro aaMCKaro 6jiaro- 
TBopHTaiLHo-TropeMHaro KOMHTeTa coctohtb Ea HMnepaTopcKoe Bh- 
coiecTBo BejHKaa T&rxteru EjracaBeTa GeojnppoBHa. 

9) CyGcEWH Hacnert bkohomhtockhx'b cyMMT> Mockobckhx'b m4ctt> 
aaKJuo^ema m4cthhmt> KOMHreTaMt He npoHSBoaaTca. 

10) CyMMU pacxoAHMXT> KanHTaJOBT> KOMHreTOBt, npeBLimajomia 
TpacTa pytfjiefi, BHocarca Ha xpaHeme wh MocKOBCKyro KOHTopy ro- 
cyAapcTBeHHaro Camea. 

11) Bi> j^ificTBHTejifcHHe vxeEH MyatcKaro KOMHTeTa saiHCJUuoTCA 

6e3T> BH(>OpOBT» XHP^KTOpH ry6epHCKHXT» KOMHTeTOBt H OT^i^eHift 

o6mecTBa nonerarejiBHaro o TDptMax'B, «ejrai)in;ie, npn nepetajrikna 

HOCTOaHHOe »HTeJBCTBO Bl> MoCKBy, HOCTyHHTB Vh COCTaBX KOMHTeTa. 

12) HpaBjema KOMHreTOBt emero^Ho Hsfaparon. hsx CBoeS cpe^H 
qjieHOBT> bt> yijpemfleHHHa Ha^i MicTaMH safciHHeHia ropo.ua Mockbh 

Ha6jaD,fl;aTejlBHHH,K0MMHCiH (ct. 17). 

13) Bxo£Hue 6nji&m w nocimenia Mockobckhxi bActb saRjno- 
qema BH^aiDTca ^leHaMt ROMHTeTOBi» Mockobckhm*l ry6epHaTopoMt 
HwiH ofiept-nojamiflMeficTepoMt, no npHHa^eaHocTH. 

14) CKrtaBJieHia, Kacaronjiaca cyMMt, noasepTBOBaHHHX'L Ha bh- 
KVm> HeCOCTOOTeJIBHHX'L flOJHKHHKOBTb, npnneTOTHBaDTca BT> npaBH- 
TC.TLCTBeHHOMT, B4CTHHK& H BftflOMOCTaXT. MoCKOBCKOft HOJHltfH. 

15) Bmje-npe3H,n;eHTH MyaccKaro EOMHTeTa, npe^cft^aTeJBHHi^a ^aM- 
CKaro KOMHTeTa, a TaKae #HpeKTopu, ^HpeRTpncu h HJreHH o6ohxt> 
KOMirreTOBnb saTOCjaioTca: Bmje-npesHaeHTH MyxcKaro BOMHTera h 
Hpe^ciAaTejBHHAa p,MCKaro KOMHTeTa — b-b no^eTHNe *MeH6i; .prpeK- 

TOpU H flHpeKTpHCH — B* ^ftCTBHTeJIBBHe *JieHH, a H-ieHH — b-l qaeHH- 

copeBHOBaTejH MyaccKaro hjh ^aMCKaro 6jaroTBopHTejBHO-TK)peiiHHX f B 

K0MHTeT0BT>, H> HpHHWl&RHOCTH. 

16) HMymecTBO mockobckhxt* My»CKaro h aaMCKaro KOMHTeTOBi 
otfmecTBa none^BrreJiBHaro o TDpBMaxi, KpoMt EamrraJOB-L, no^ie- 
acamnxT> nepefla*rfe Bt aKOHOMH^ecria cpe^cTBa mockobckhxt, m4cti> 
saKjmema, nocTynaerL bt> B^wfeme MyatCKaro h aaMCKaro g^aroTBO- 

pHTeJBHO-TIOpeMHHX'B KOMHTeTOBl, HO HpHHWettHOCTH. 

17) J[j[h Hag-uoaema sa mockobckhmh MidaMH saKJDD^emH o6pa- 
sywTCii Ha6jooAaTejBHHa kommhcIh: a) o^Ha — jyui rytfepHCBofi h ncnpa- 
BHTejBHofi TK)peMT>; 6) o^Ha — pn aeHCKaro oTfliaeHia ry6epHcicofi 
tidpbmh; b) o^aa — &jlh ijeHTpaiBHoft nepeaMLHofi tidpbmh h T»peM- 
Hoft 6ojn»HHipj, h r. o^aa — w apecTaHTCKHXt noMimemft npn no- 
jiHn.eficKHX'L flOMaxt. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCLXI — 

18) Bt> cocraBt Kaaflofi kommhcui bxoa^tt,: ,pa ijeHa, H36npae- 

XUe MOCKOBCKOK) ropO^CKOD AyMOK) H8T> TOCJTa IMaCHHXT. HJH IIOCTO- 

poeHHXT> jihij^>; o^ho jhijo npoKypopcKaro Ha^sopa, no HasHa^eHiro 
npoKypopa mockobcko# cya;e()Hoft naaaTH; ott> o,nHoro ao Tpext *ie- 
hobi>, Ha8HaHaeMHXi» mockobckhmt> reHepajn>-ry6epHaTopoMT>; ppa, ,nM- 

CTBHTejBHHX7> HJeHa MOCKOBCKHXT> 6jiarOTBOpHTeJU.HO-TK)peMHHX'B KO- 

MHTeTOFt, no H3<5pam» komhtbtofb, yTBep»^eHHOMy npesiWHTOM'B 
otfujecTBa none?HTejiLHaro o TroptMaxx, npHneMt bt> nepByro bommh- 
ci» Bxoaart *ueHH MyacKaro KOMHTeTa, bo BTopyio — aaMCKaro h bi> 
ocrajLLHEUL afb, bt> KaaayD— no o^homy hjih no ABa qjieHa ort 
xy&csaro h aaMCKaro BOMHTeTOBt. 

19) npeAcftAamiH kommhcIA H36npaK)Tca hmh caMHMH, H8T>cpe,pi 
cbohx-b H^eHOBi., npHqeMi> vl KOMMHcin, Ha6;ii),n;ai)iij;e& sa sencBHin> 
oT^&iemeBTB tdpbmh, npe#ciflaTe;iLCTBOBaHie BoaiaraeTca Ha o^oro 

H3T. BXO^mHXT> BT> eJ9L COCTaBt flftfiCTBHTeJIBHHX'L qj[eHOB?> flaMCKaTO 

6jaroTBopHTeJD>Ho-TH)peMHaro KOMHTeTa, no BH6opy kommhcIh. J1$&o- 

npOH3BOACTBO HO KOMMHCIH fi03*iaraeTC& Ha O^HOrO H3T> ea ^JieHOBX. 

20) HjieHH KOMMHcifi H86npai)Tca h HasHaHaroTca bt> dTO SBaHie 
Ha Tpn ro^a, sa HduuDiemeMTb thhobt, npoKypopcKaro Haasopa, sa- 
ir&Ha KOTopuxi> apyrHMH .innaMH Toro-ae Ha^sopa sasHCHTB ort 
ycMOTpima npoKypopa mockobcboA cyne6HO# najiara. ^jtohh kommh- 
cift HHBaKoro BOSHarpaamema no dTOMy SBamro He nojy^arorB. 

21) J[m ofayaaema BosHHKaromHXT, no Ha^opy sa TropBMaMH 
o6mnxT> BonpocoBX, Moryn*, no corjainemio npeflc&flaTejiet Ha6jH) ( p,- 
Te,iLHtrxi» KOMMHcifi, 6htb co8HBaeMH coe^HHeHHUH sac&aama no- 
cj&ahhx'b. 3aKJiDHeHiH, HOCTanoBJiHeMtta chmh cotipamHMH, coo6m;a- 
rorca mocbobckhbtb ryfiepHaTopy hjih o6epi>-nojumiflMefiCTepy, no 
npHHa^ieaHoccTH. 

22) EoMMHcin, He jroacTBya bt> ynpaBjemn BF&peHHHMH hxt> no- 
neqeHiio TDpBMaMH, Ha^sHparorB sa bc4mh cropoHaMH ynpaBjema h 
xo3afiCTBa bt> chxt. M*CTaxT> saKaroiema, npHHHMai0TT> on> apecTaH- 
tobt> hpocl6h, saaBJieHia h aajio6u, OTHocamiaca ao nopa,nKa co^ep- 
aaHia bt> TropBMax'B, a Taicae BXojjarL bt> CHomema d> 6jiaroTBopn- 

TeiBHO-TDpeMHHMH KOMHTeTaMH, CB KOMHTeTaMH H OT^ieHiaMH 06- . 

mecTBa none^HTejrtHaro o TiopBMaxt h ct> nacTHUMH o6m;ecTBaMH no 
npe^MeTaMx, oraocamHMca &o none^ema o6tb ocBoCoa^aeMHXt hsi> 
TiopearB h ffbTaxi apecTaHTOBi>. 

23) OcMOTpt TropeMHHXT. noM^n^eHifl h noBipKy .niftcTBift h 
pacnopaaemfi TropeMHaro nanajLCTBa kommhcIh npoH3BO^an» no cbo- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cclxh — 

ei»y ycMOTpfcmro Rain> bt> hojchomt. CBoesn* cocTaB*, vaxrb a ^epeax 
H36npaeMiixi> hmh H3t CBoefi cpe.pi oqepe f a,Huxi> qjieHoin>. 

24) O 3aarfreeHHHXT> ynymemaxT. h HenpaBHjn>H0CTflxi Ha6jno^a- 
TejiBHUA KOMMHcin cooSmarort HaiajLHHKy Micra samnoqema. Bt> 
cjynai se HenpHHHTia nocji^HHMt Ha^eacamnxt iwfepT> kt> lieMea- 
.lenHOMy ycTpaHemro yKasaHHHXt eny 6esnopa^KOBi», a Tasae, npn 
otiHapyffiemH 3JoynoTpe6jeHifi co cropoHH othobti rropeMHofi a^MH- 
HHCTpan,iH hjih Ha^sopa, KOMMHcm o saMireeHHOMt hmh joBo.narB so 
cwbxhmH MOCROBCBaro ry6epHaTopa hxh ofiept-nojraijifiMeflcTepa, no 
npHHa^eaKHOCTH. Oiepe.ptHe <LieHH (ct. 23) cboh saMiqamji a Tasse 
npHHJiTua hmh npn HOcimemH TropeMt acajco6u, npoc&6u h saanjie- 
mn apecTaHTOBi. npe^CTaaMTOTTb no^JieacamHM'B kommhcuim'b, a bt> 
cjiyqaaxT> oco6o-BajRHHX , B h HeTepnamHX'B OTaaraxeaBCTBa Moryn. 
o&b ycMOTpiHHHX'L (JesnopaflKaxt hzh s.ioynoTpefaeHifiX'L Henocpej- 
CTB6HH0 ^obo^htb jo CBly^Hia MocKOBCRaro rytfepHaTopa hjh o6epi>- 
nojnnuftMeftcTepa, no npiraafljeatHOCTH. 

25) BesnpenaTCTBeHHHft bo Bwmoe BpeMa, Bxo^t bt> MOCKOBesia 
MicTa 8aKjaoHema (cr. 1) npe^oeTa'jtaeTca: a) MocKOBCEOMy o6epr»- 
HOJiHijiftMeftcTepy, ero noMOiH^HBy h nojranii MeftcTepaMt bi rtxt 
cxyqa^rxi,, Kor,a;a Hcnomeme jeacamirx^ Ha hhxt, o6a3aHHocrefl Tpe- 
6yevh noc&mema t»pbmh; 6) xsmwh Miaraaro npoKypopataro Haa- 
sopa, h b) jjpejwhjftTexawh h ueHaMi* Ha&iK)^aTejiBHHXi> KOMMHcii 

0TH0CHT6JBH0 BBtpeHHHXt HaflBOpy KaȣOfi H81 HHX'B m4cTT> 3a&IV)- 

TOHia. 

II. YcTaHOBHTB BpeMOHHo, Ha uMTb jfcrB, Hracecriy^yronjia npa- 

BHJia OTHOCHTBJIbHO yflOBJTeTBOpemH XOBHftCTBeHHHXT, HOTpetfHOCTefl 
MOCKOBCKHXt MtCTB BaRJIDieHlH, COCTOHUpXl. Wh HeHOCpeflCTBeHHOM. 

Bt^imn MOCKOBCKaro ry6epHaTopa: 

1) XosaflcTBeHHHe h APFie pacxo^H, ne oraeceHHiie .ntfiCTByK)- 
id;hmh y3aK0HeHi«MH Ha cier* rocy^apcTBOHHaro KasraueficTBa hjth 

ropO^CRHX1> CpeflCTBT*, npOHSBOflHTCH H3X 3K0H0MH^eCRHX*B CyMMX 
OBHaHeHHHXTf. M*feCTT> 3aJUUDH6Hia. 

2) CyMMM cin npHHHCJHiQTca kt> cne^ajiBHUMt cpe^cTBaMi* mhhh- 
CTepcTBa BHyTpeHHHXi> #fc.n>, no TiopeMHofi nacTH, h bhochtch bt> 
o6njee pocnncame c6opoBi> n aoxoaobt*, ho no,HJie»amHX'B uHeoemD 

BT> (^HHaHCOBHfl CM^TH C6IH) MHHHCTepCTBa. 

3) Ha cocTaBJieme bthxt> cyMMt ofipamaroTca: a) 9E0H0MinecKiji 
cyMMU n;eHTpajD>HO& nepecHJTBHoft ttopbmh; 6) BKOHOMiraecKia cywuLi 
xowfiCTBeHHaro npaiaeHia h none^HrencTBa npn HcnpaBHTejtBHOii 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cclxhi — 

ropBirfe; e) cocmam,ie bt> pacnopaatenin TDpeMHUxi. bomht6tobi> 
Kasnram, HAr&Dupe Ha8Ha?eHieM?» coaeprcame •ropeMHHX'B iiepuBefi 
h npiraroBt h yjiy^nneme apecTaHTCBaro 6irra h m4ctl aauaraema; 
t) nocrynaBinia bt» aKOHOMcraecRia cpe^CTBa mocrobckhxt> T»peMHuxi> 
KOMHTeroFB, i^eHTpajrbHo;; nepecHJtHon t»pbmh h xosaflcTBeHHaro 
npauemfl npn HcnpaBHT&iBHoft •nopbM'fc cfepeacemji on. cvmstb, 
accHTHyeimx'B KasHOD Ha npoaoBOJBCTBie, jie^emeH norpetfeme ape- 
CTaHTOFB, a TaKse orciycKaeMHX'B ropo^oMt Ha oTon.ieme h ocb4- 
meme m*ctb mmmnema, ecjn oraycin. cpeacTBt Ha bth norpetfHOCTH 
npoHSBO.zprrca nopflAEOM?>, yKaaaHHuarB bt» craTti 20 npHJoaema kt> 
npHjrfreaHiro npn CTaTB* 140 ropo,a;oBaro nojioacema (ycr. cya. hoax 
CTp., cr. 118, npHM. 1); d) nocTynaromie bt> nojiLsy Tropeart h ape- 
CTaHTOBi> n,epKOBHurft h Kpy»e*raHfi c6opu, a Taicse BCAKaro po.ua 
npHHoraeeiii h noaepTBOBama, KaKt BemeBira, TaKt h jeHeaHiui, He- 
HMi»mLi onpe,a$jieHHaro Bojero acepTBOBaTejieft HasHaiema; e) c6e- 
peseHia, otfpaaoBaBiniaca Ha Ko-ra^ecTBi MaTepiaaa, noTpetfHaro a-ia 
HSFOTOBJieHk apecTaHTCKHXt ofleayjHHXT. Bemeft; ok?) cyMMH, BHpy^ae- 
una otb npojjaara upHHa^jieatamaro T»pBMaMi> HMynjecTBa, npmnej- 
nraro bi Hero#Hoe cocroame. 

III. Bt» OTHomemn cooroamaro bt> saBiflHBamH mocrobckhxt* mjk- 
CKaro h ^aMCKaro 6jaroTBopHTejLHo-TE)peMHUxi> KOBrareTOBT> CeprieBO- 
EjracaBeniHCKaro npiDTa && noMtmema ^o6poBOjiBHo-cjrfiAyK)in 1 HXi> 
3a npecTynHHBaMH Bt Ch6hpb mewb h afrreft nocraHOBHTt caiayrontfa 
npaBHja: 

1) J&& 6^Hataftmaro saBiflHBama npuDTOMi* o6pa3yeTca oco6oe 
noneHirrejrLCTBO bt, cocTaB-fe: HaeH>BT> fijraroTBopHTejLHO-TropeaiHUXTb 
KOMHTeTOBi, no .a^a qjeHa orc> KOMHTeTa, HsCnpaeMUXt KOMHTeTaMH 
Ha TpH ro^a; KHaaa B. M. TojHUiHHa, HasHaqeHHaro, ci> BHCoqa&maro 
consBOJieHia, no-yKHBHeHHUMx uQu&mTexewh npiDTa, h HaqajBHHKa 
ijewrpajBHoft nepecHJLHofi t»pbmh. 

2) Ha npo^OBOJiLCTBie coaepaKamBxca fit npirorb junn-b oTuycKa- 
»Tca H3T> cpe^CTBi. rocy^apcTBeHHaro KasHaneficTBa cyMMH bt» pas- 
Mtpi ycraHaBJiHBaeMod eacero,pK) Tafiejra o fleHBraxi* na npoflOBOJiB- 
CTBie apecTaHTOBx, coAepacamnxca BtMicTaxx saKjnoHema rpa»flaH- 
CRaro B^AOMCTBa. 

3) Ha Haeitb CTopoaeft h Ha^CMOTpmrntOBT. h o6MyHflHpoBaHie 
hxt», H3T. SKOHOMH^ecKHxi* cpe.ncTB'B MocKOBCKuxt m4cti. saKJUD^ema 
oraycKaeTca nonenHTejiBCTBy Ha^t npi»T0MT> no Tuewrb era mth- 
^ecaiH pyfijet b^ ro.n'B. 



Digitized by 



Google 



"TV4^P£ r . 



— CCLXIV — 

4) Ha oTonjeme npi»Ta oraycKaroTca MaTepiaau, bi» Mipi ^fi- 

CTBHTeJBHOft nOTpe6HOCTH, EST* OCTaTKOFB OTB MaTepiaJTOBfc OTOHJie- 

Hia, saroTOBJiaeMHX'B wa meHTpajiBHofi nepecHJiBHofl ttopbmh. 

IV. Mhhhctpy BHyTpeHHHXi» jnftrB, no coraameHiro cb noweaca- 
mHMH BiaoMCTBaMH, npeflocTaBJuieTca HB^aBaTL HHCTpyKI^iH: 1) o 
npaBaxi> h ofiasaHHOcrax-B MeainjHHCKHX'B hhhobt, h TropeMHaro Ha- 
qajLCTBa mogbobckhxt, TropeMHHxt 6omlebh^ a paBHO o BBaHMHUXB 
hxt> cjy»e6HHXT> OTHoniemaxx; 2) o (tfaaaHHoeraxT, Hafi^ro^aTejb- 
huxt> KOMMHcifi sa mockobckhmh inicTaMH saKJimema, a Tarae o 
nopa^E* ^feficTBifi 9Thxt> ycTaHOMemfi, h 3) o noiwrfj aiumytBHocTH 
noneHHmiBCTBa CeprieBO-EjracaBeTHHCKaro npiiDTa w« noaffememH 
r a,o6poBO,ibHo-cji4,T,yH)iii 1 HX'i> sa npecTynHHKaMH itl Ch6hpb atem* h 
A^Tefl, a TaK»e o nop&AKft 3aB4,nHBaHia nncBMOHHOio h AeHesHon 
^acTHMH npiDTa, paBHO npieaia h xpaHema nocTynaromnxt b*b oHuft 
noaepTBOBamfi. 

Y. KanHTajm, nspacx WBaHHiie saHinootfpasHO htb brohomhto- 
ckhxt, cyMMTb ii;eHTpajiLHofi nepeciMBHoft t»pbmh Ha peMOHTB h 
npncno6jeHk ouBmaro «eHCKaro OTjtfkieHia ry6epHCKof ttopbmh h<w* 
KBapTHpu Ha^sHpaTejiefi ry6epncKoft ttopbmh h hst. aKOHOMH^ecraxi» 
cyMMi, xoaaficTBCHHaro npaBjema ncnpaBHTejcbHoft tdpbmh Ha pac- 
urapeme HOMimeHifi, saHHTHXT* npn 3Toft uopBirfc ateHCKHMT, ota*- 
jieHieMTb ry6epHCKoft tk>pbmh, — npnsHaTB 6esB03BpaTHUM'B pacxoaoMt. 

no^JiHHHoe MHime noflnncaHo bt> mypHajaxT> npeAetaaTejuuiH h 
HJieHaMH. 

988. 06h yupeofcdeniu npu EeaHoeo-Bo3neceHCKOMb peoA+HOMb 
ynuAUtytb uhcoau KOAopucmoeb. 

989. 06% ujMfbueniu cmaimu 60 oduiato ycmaea PocciticKux* 
oveAtb3Hbvn> dopoib. 

Ero HMnepaTopcKoe Be*HHecTBO BOcnocrt^oBaBmee MHfcme bi» 
o6mpwh coGpamn rocyaapcTBeHHaro coBtoa, 5 iiora 1895 r. Bucoiaiinie 

yTBep,3,HTI> COHSBOJUUTL H HOBe.TiUTB HCHOJIHHTB. 

rocyAapcTBeHHHft cob4tt> MHtbuieMb noAootcuAb: 

BsaMteB ct. 60 o6m;aro ycTaBa PoccifiCKHXi> aejri^HHX'B flopori, 
(cb. .sas. t. XI h. 1, H3A. 1886 r.) nocTaHOBHTB: 

JKejrfwjHoft aoporfc npeAOCTaBjraeTca noBipaTB coaepatame rpysa, 
ero b4ct> h ctohmoctb, a TaKae kojhtoctbo rpy3a, nepeBOSRMaro 
nonrryiHo (jkhbothhh, aranaacH n t. n.), He tojbeo Ha CTamyH ot- 
npaBjema hah HasHa^ema, ho h Ha CTamjiax'B, Haxoflamraca no 
nyTH cjrhAOBama rpysa. HoBipKa hpohsboahtc* Ha ocHOBams irpa- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCLXV — 

bhxb, yTBepa r a;aeMHX'B cob4tomt> no «ejr&3HOflopo»HHM'B jiuiairL. 
Ec-m OKaseTca, hto orcipaBHTejB HeBipHO otfosHararL coaepacame 
rpy.3a hjh noKas&n*. ct pyqaTejBCTBOMt sa totooctb, MeHwnifi b4cb 
oHaro nporaBy tf&ftCTBirrejBHaro, hjh ace HeBfcpHo yKasajt Kojnrae- 
ctbo a;Hi30THuxi> h .npyrnx b rpy30Bi>, nepeB03HMUXi> nonrry^HO, sor^a 
HarpyaKa oesxtl npoHSBe^eHa ero cpeflCTBaMH (ct. 77), to HesaBHCHMo 
on> BSHoca AonojHHTejiBHOfi Mara, coorBiTCTBeHHo pasHOcra Tapn- 

l(M)BT>, OHT> 06fl8aHl> yiLiaTHTB OTKpHBineft HenpaBHJIBHOCTL HCejrfftHOfi 

joporfc nero bt> pasMipi flBotaofi pasmm* Meatfly nojraoro cyMMOD, 
HPmcjeHHOK) 3a Bee npoM«eme nepeBOSKH (ct> aonojHHTejiBHHMH 
c6opaMH)no Tapn^y, nojpeaameMy npHMiHeHiio wl aaHHoft ompaBFfe, 
h cyMMOK), nepBOHa^ajBHo HCTHOieHHeio Ha ocHOBamH yBasanifi ot- 
npaBirraiJi; ecjra ate 3Ta HenpaBHJBHOCTB noMe^erL sa co6oro no- 
BpeaAeHie BaroHa BCji^cTBie neperpysa, to ompaBHTe^B o6a3am> 
TaKse BOSMicTHTB »e.rt3Hoft aoporfc h npHHHHeHHue efi neperpysoMt 
y6uTKH. 

IIoAJHHHoe MHtaie nojiiHcaHO bt> atypHajiaxt npefldyjaTejaMH h 
?.ieHaMH. 

990. npumtcAeniu m cnewaAbHMMi cpedcmeam Mopcmto mu- 
Hucmepcmea crfpannoii huwxmu (pAoma u Mopctiato etbdoMcmea cyM- 
Mta noifa HauMenoeamem mnumaAa Hm€hu -HMnepamopa Ajwk- 
candpa III. 

991. pa3ptbtueniu odtyecmey cmpaxoeanix oku3hu n Yp6em u 
wpw6pn>cmu e* co6cmeeHHocmh doMb et C.-IIemep6yp%n> uau Moe- 

K6tb. 

992. eKMoneniu doAOfcnocmu docMompt^uKoet Baptuaecnato 
nowyeilcKato apecma ei cnucoKb doAoicHOcmxMb, ocso6oo/cda)ou^uMb 
omi npu3uea etb eoucna. 

993. O&b yeeAUMeniu ocnoenato tcanumaAa moeapuu^ecmea Ca6- 
AUHO'3naMeHCKaio ceenAocaxapnaio u pcufiuHadnaio 3aeoda. 

994. 06% u3MfbHeniu ycmaea ^Ctbeepuato cmeKOAbno npoMrnu- 
Aennato o&iqecmea*. 

996. O&b u3Mfbnemu ycmaea amionepnato o6t^ecmea eodocna6- 
mem* u xasoocerbuieniH. 

996. npodAeniu ei HtbxomopbUPb MtbcmHOcmxx* HMnepiu eute 
na odum xodi cpona dibticmeix HoAOOtcmiH o6b ycuAenuou oxpann,. 

997. Ofo ofoxeAenix %. HuacuMO-Hoetcpoda Cb nptiAetatoutuMu 
yn>3daMu eh cocmoxniu ycuAenuoti oxpanu. 

998. npunnmiu Hx*> HMnepamopcKUMu BtaconecmeaMu Bem- 



Digitized by 



Google 



' '!»*' 



— CCLXVI — 

kumu Khhswimh Jfytumpiem, KoMcmarnnuHoeuseAa u reopiieMz Mu- 
xauAoeuHeMz wani* UoHemnuxh VAenoeh HMnepamopcnaxo Pyccnato 
rempo0uHecKato o6utecmea. 

999. npuceoeniu C.-llemep6yptCK0My ofoyecmey ecmecmeouc- 
nwnameAeti uauMeuoeani/i n HMnepamopcKato" . 

1000. 06b ynpeoicdeHiu npu odnoMb u& cpednuxh Myotcacuxb 
yne6Huxh saeedeniu BuAenacato yHe6nato axpyta cmunendiu IJm€hu 
erb Eo3tb noHuetuaw roeydapa Hmnepamopa AAewandpa III. 

1001. 06b u3Mn>ueniu npaeuAb CaMapcKaw 6aum o pacnpe- 
dtbAeniu nucmuxb npu6t*Aeti ohow. 

1002. doseoAeniu CAo6odctcoMy xopodcnoMy oGu^ecmeeNHOMy Ah- 
(fiuAamotta 6oHtcy npou36odumb onepatrito omnpwnia no&b wcydap- 
cmeeHHUs u npaeumeAbcmeoMb tapanmupoeauHtM nponenmnua 6y- 
Motu cneitiaAbHtAVb meicyufuxb cnemoeb. 

1008. paaptbtueniu npodaotcu iep6oeuxb 6yMa%u u Mapotc* a* 
Koumoptb nomapiyca Pauteectcato, 6b 6e3bytb3dtWMb %. KaiyAfb, Etc- 
capa6cKou iy6epniu. 

1004. npodAeniu cpona d.i* co6pania nepeoti sacmu ocuoe- 
nato xanumoAa lOotcno Pyccnato odiqecmea nencmnaw dtbAa. 

1005. 06b u3MibHeuiu ycmasa ^Hepeato ecepocci&CKaio npomu- 
6onootcapHato moeapuubecmea" . 

1006. Opo3Mtbpn> nponenmoeh, nodAeotcau+uxb ynAanm na cyMMt*, 
enocuMtaa QfceAfb3HodopoMHtAMu 06u+ecmeaMU 6h rocydapcmeeHHHu 
dauxb 3ah nepeeoda sa ipanuuy. 

1007. do360Aeniu Pu6uncK0My topodcnoMy o6u^ecmeeHHOMy 
6anny npomeodumb onepaitito menyu^uxb cnemoeb nod* xocydapcmeen- 
Ht*a u npaeumeAbcmeoMb tapanmupoeauuHa 6yMaiu. 

1008. 06b ymeepotcdeniu npaeuAb o nopadntb xpanenia, npou3- 
eodcmea onuemm, omnycm cnupma, a paeuo no omHemnocmu ohuc- 
mnt*xb omdfbAeniti euHOtcypeHHbtxb saeodoeb, tcouMb paaptbtueuo onuc- 
mna cnupma uyotcuarb 3neodoeb. 

1009. 06b yeeAuneniu pasMnpa ycmanoeAeHuaw BttcowtiiuuM* 
noeeAtbnieMb 28 otcma6pa 1857 toda, 6b noAtay i. CMOAeHcxa, c6o- 
pa cb u3603nato npoMtacAa. 

10 awym A* 138. 

1010. 06b ymoepwdeniu ycmaea ^Toeapuu^ecmea HoeotcoHcman- 
muHoecKaw ceeKAoeaxapnato 3cwoda a . 

1011. nopadntb KOMnAewnoeania u codepo/cauia pa6o%ttxb ao- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ocLxrn — 

waded n dpytuarb pafonuxb weueomubtx* &> eouacoeuxr* Mocmxxh, yn- 
peoKxhtiiaxi u 3oeedeHMXb eoennaio etbdoMcmea. 

10112. 06b ymeepotcdeniu epemenwArb npaeuAb onadsqptb 3a cop- 
mupoexoH) xjm6a npu eAeecmopax*3-epmxpaHUAu*taarb Cuspano-Bfi- 
3xmcko# 0KeAfb3HQ& dopotu &> i.i. MoptuancKtb u BeH3fb u npu cm. 

, 73A060A U . 

11 urycrt JW IS*. 
1018. nmomopuxb uaMtbneHMXh ** noAOOtceuiu ofo 9Mepu- 
moAwou xaccib unmenepoerb nymed coo6t^eHts. 

1014. nuotcnuxb Hunaxb Koudytcmcpcxaio seanin u o nopsdntb 
saMtbutem* doAotcHocmeu dKunaotcHwerb Ka3naHcee% u nucbmeodu- 
mcAeu. 

1015. Ofo u3MfbneMMXb u donoAHenijurb ycmaea w JCoMnaniu nn>n- 
nato napoxodcmea no p. !IIeKcm>*. 

1016. ca%hh%u cb odtQeio nencionnoio naccon KaaeuHHXb nce- 
Aib3nt*Tb dcpwb omdtbAhHuxh naccb y dn>#cmeyioufuxb ua ntbtcomopbixh 
Mtnixxh. nepetuedtuuxb e% etbdnnie npaeumcAhcmea. 

1017. 06b ymeepotcdeniu ycmaea JOotcHO-pycacau) moeapuwecmea 
netthKoeoti u nammnou npoMbttUAeuHOcmu. 

1018. pasptmeuiu tqpody Pocmoey ua flfmy eunycmum* 06- 
AutauioHHUu 3aeMi ua cyMMy do 1.000.000 py6Ae&. 

1019. eoscmanoeAeniu npoeedeuHOti e% 1867 tody xpanuuu 
Memcdy yn>3da*\u AyAidamunctcuMi, Gup%- f %apbUHCKou o6Aa<mu, u 
UuuineKCKUAVb, CeMuptbHencKOti o6Aacmu. 

1020. 06b yee^uneniu ocuoeuaw mnumaAa moeapmqecmea ceen- 
Aocaxapnaxo u pcufiunadHHXb 3aeod<m 6pem%ee% TepetyeHKQ. 

1021. 06b ymeepotcdeniu epeMeuHUXb tumamoe* uncnemiti no 
coopymeniio Hacmnuxb oiceAfb3Ht*xb dopcm. 

1022. coopyotceniu peAwoeuarb nymeti: 1) omb Pauen6ypta do 
HaeeAtua, cb enme%90 na Acmanow na PaneH6ypuhfiaHKoecKO# enm- 
eu — \pesb nocpedcmeo odutecmea PjtsaHCKo-ypaAtctcoii 0fceA?b3nou do- 
poiu u 2) ovm JEAbua do cm. BaAyeKb, Xapticoeo- BajiaiuoecKou au- 
wtu, u ]omz cm. rpacfkxou, Ko3Aoeo-BoponeoiccKO-PocnioecKoii one- 
Atb3H0u dopotu, do ceAa Ahhu na p. Bumwm—pacnopnoiceHieAVb 06- 
utecmea Kho-BocmoHm$xi oiceA. dopon. 

1028. nocmpotitcfb otceAfbsnodopooiCHtAXb enmeeti aa cnmvb xpe- 
duma en decxmb muaawhom py6Ae#, HcumHetmaw na dopotu emopo- 
cmenenHaw SHaneuM. 

1024. npuHJtmiu tcanun>aAa, noofcepmeoeafmato edoeoio Many- 



Digitized by 



Google 



^T-S^ 



— ccLxvra — 

(fiaKmyph-coetbmHUKa AAeKCtbeeow eb noAhsy Mockobckoxo KOMMepvec- 
tcato ynujiutya. 

1026. OnpuHHmiu mnurnaAa, saetbUfaHHato MOAOAfbmneMy om- 
dtbAeHW) MocKoectcau) HuKOAaeecicaw cupomctcaio uncmumyma Moacoe- 
cnuMb AmmiaHMHOMb MampoeuMb. 

1026. 06b ynpeMdeniu npu EAaioefbu^encKotl dyxoewu ceMuna- 
piu ocotiou doAOfcnocmu uucnetcmopa. 

1027. npuunmiu BuAenemio Ce&no-$yxoecKato 6pamcmea 
no&b Aeiycmfbiiwee rocydapn HMnepamopa notcpo*umeA*>cmeo. 

1028. 06b yupeotcdeniu eb TpoumoeaecKOMb HunoAoeeawKb dwm- 
CKOMh npiwmib nsmu cmenendiu UMenu nomoMemeeuHato noHemuaw 
zpaotcdanuHa XaMunoeau ofo ymeepotcdeniu noAOdKenix o cuxb emu- 
nendixorb. 

1029. 06b ynpeotcdeniu eb npuuadAeotcauteMb MoctcoecKOMy no- 

nenumeAbuoMy o 6fbdnuxb KOMumemy, endoMcmea HMnepamopacato 

y[eA06tbKOAto6ueato o6tyecmea, "ydtboicutytb 6tbdnuxi ei ceAtb EoAbxae- 

<m, MocKoecKOd xyfepniu u yttsda, oduou cmuneudiu UMenu Emme- 

puuH Cmenanoenu MeAbiynoeou. 

1080. 06b ynpeotcdeniu mpexb cmuneudM eb AteKcandpoecKOMi 
KOMMepnectiOMb ynuAuwpb u o6b ymeepvcdmiu npaeuAb o cuxb emu- 
nendiaxh. 

1081. 06b ynpeotcdeniu npu MmuAeecKOu tuMHasiu cmuneudiu 
UMenu rocydapji HMnepamopa Aiencaudpa III. 

1082. npuHsmiu Kymypcmio meznuvecKaio. Ty6nuHa, ynu- 
Auuta nodb Btaconautuee rocydapn HMnepamopa notcpoeumeAbcmeo. 

1033. 06b u3Mn>neniu yemaea moeaput^ecmea IlaeAO-OAbiuH- 
otaxo ceeKAOcaxapuato saeoda. 

1034. 06b u3Mfbueuiu yemaea afcuiouepnaio o6utecmea Pyecxo- 
EaAmiUcKaio emoHnato aaeoda eb Puw>. 

1035. 06b usMtbHeniu uopMb enxodoeb cnupma 6ah cadoeAadfbAb- 
necKuxb (fipytcmoeo eunoipado-eodoHHuxb aaeodoeb eb CmaeponoAbCKOu 
iy6epniu u Tepctcoii o6Aocmu. 

1086. 06b u3Mfbneniu epoxoeb u nopMb eunotpadnaw u emoteu- 
Monnaio euHOKypenix eb 3aKaeKasK0Mb npan>. 

1037. 06b ycmanosAeniu cnpyia oxpauu lonpancKuxb un>Ae6- 
HtAXl %pH3eH. 

1038. 06b ycmanoeAeuiu eb nuotcneu naemu menmis enadamtieu 
eb pn>Ky MoAoiy pntcu PamtAuu, na npomnotceniu l l /% eepcmt* omi 
es yemtfi) 6eHeeuuKa deyxb-caotceneu tuupunt* no o6ouMb 6epetaMb. 



Digitized by 



Google 



:^ 



— CCLXIX — 

12 aerycTa JV 140. 

1089. KOHeenuixxi, 3aKA)0He.HHt*xi Meotcdy Poccim u Illeeuim 
u Mtorcdy Poccim u Hopeetim ofo ycmanoeAemu nopjuhca esauMuuxt 
nonmoeuxb CHOtueniti. 

15 airy era A* 141. 

1040. O 3aHucA€Htu <*h <neuioAbHbM epedemea ceAbCKOxosaiicmeeH- 
Httxb vmoxb Cmenuato Kpaa ocmamKoeb orm cyMMb, omnycKaeMuxb 
itsb 3eMCKnxb c6opoeb na X03aucmeeHHux mdepotCKu mtbxb-oice uiKOAb. 

1041. 06b u3Mfbueniu u donoAneniu (fiopMi muib 6ah Meduwn- 
ckou u (fiapwaueemuHecKoii om%emnocmu eb eoeHHO-epaMe&Hwrb 3aaede- 
HMXb eoennato epeMenu. 

1042. drntOAueniu n. II npuAOOtc. I Kb cm. 8 noAootcenia o 
KademcKuxb nopnycaxb. 

1043. 06b yempoticmetb KoncKuxb etacmaeoKb eh AcmpaxancKOMb 
KcaaHbeMb eoticKtb* 

1044. 06b u3M?bHeniu 4 npuMtbi. maticAU M 7, npuAOOtceunou 
m cm. 10 noAOotcenia o eoeHHO-epaHe6nuxb 3aeedeniaxb. 

1045. 06b ytpeotcdeniu uepmenato npunma npu xpaMtb npeno- 
doOnaw Ceptia na XodtmcKOMb twAtb. 

1046. 06b ymeepofcdeniu ma6Auub mapujfinuxb pa^cmoauiU: 1) 
cmanuiu Tpa3u, ItosAoeo-BopoueoKwo-IbcmoecKou otceAmnoii dopotu, 
do ecfbXb cmanuiu rpa3C-IJ(apuuuucKoii otceAtb3nou dopoiu, dAH nepc- 
803KU naccaotcupoeb u tpysoeb 6oAttuou cKopocmu; 2) dAX nepeeosKu 
naccaotcupoeb u %py3oeb 6oa\>wo& CKopocmu omb cmanuiu BoAotccnaa, 
Cadoeaa, Kpymaa, KapnoecKaa, KpueoMy3tuucma u flfiucxaa, Boaxo- 
floncKOu enmeu rpsue-IfapuuHHCKoii oiceAtb3HO# dopoiu, do cmanuiu 
rp#3e-IjapuutAHCK0Ji otceAtb3HO# dopotu u 3) noAycmanuiU Knaotcaa 
EaUtqpa, IlAasuua, CmptbAewaa, ffcmpe6oena, PuMapeeo u Ilempoe- 
cKoe rpfi3e-Ifapum>mcK0# mcAnsmtt dopotu, Oaa nepeeo3Ku %py306b 
MaAOu cKopocmv. 

1047. 06b ymeepotcdeniu ma6Auw maputfutAXb nocmanuionnuxb 
pascmoaniU JIe6edam-EAeuKatQ ywemm PmancKo-YpaAbeKoft oictbAts- 
nou dopotu, dAS nepeeo3KU naccaotcupoeb u tpysoeb 6oamuou u mqaou 
cKopocmUy u npucmaneii EAbunacou, Becennetiu YAemoecKoH KosAoeo- 
Capamoecmto ynacmKa moil otce otceAfhsuoH dopotu, 6ah nepeeo3Ku 
tpysoeb amaou CKopocmu. 

1048. 06b ymeepoicdeniu ma6AUUu maputfutAXb pascmoaniu cman- 
uiu Typa, YpaAbCKoH oiceAn»snoii dopoiu, 3ah nepeeosKu tpy3oeb aulaou* 
CKcpocmu. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCLXX — 

1049. 06b ymeepofcdeuiu tna6Auw* mapucfhibixh pa3cmomiti Meotc&y 
cmanuifiMu FoMeAb u HoeothbAuwaa, lu6aeo-PoM€HCKoU otceAfbsnou 
dopoiu, 6ah nepeeostcu naccao/cupoeb u 6azaofca. 

1060. 06b ymeepo/cdeniu ma6Auub mapucpnuzb nocmaHuionntax* 
pa3cmoAHiii noAyemanuiu CoAbKoeo, JIo3060-Ccf}acmonoAhCKOu otceAfb3- 
hou dopow, u Uaofceub, OpAoecKO-rp*3acoti Auniu KHo-BocmoHnuxrb 
otceAtb3Hburb dopotb, 6ah nepeeostcu %py3o#b mAO& CKopocmu. 

IS asryera A* 142. 

1051. 0&b omnyoicdeHiu seMSAh u uMyiyecnm, nompeduuxb 6ah 
coopyoiceH%H otceAfb3HodopooKnoti auhxu orm 4. ToMcna do cmanuiu 
Cpedue-Cu6upcicoii otceAn>3Ho# dopozu ToMCKb-TasotcHHti. 

1052. 06b ynpeoiedeHiu doAoicHOcmiu topodcnuxb epemeti u <fieA*d- 
wepoeb ffb topodazh KoKandn>, HaMamantb, u Anduncantb, &epian- 
cKoft o6Aacmu. 

1058. 06b ymeepotcdeniu tumatna apxuea u 6u6A%omeKn Cex- 
mtbutuaio Cunoda. 

1054. esuMauut *» $. UuotcueM^-Honopodtb spMaponnano c6opa 
u o epeMeunoMh uimanm HuotceiopodcKou apMapoHHoti noAttyiu. 

1055. 06b ynpeotcdeniu tumama KonmpoA* npu CejinmthueMb 

CuHOdfb. 

1056. 06b accuiuoeaniu un tocydapcmetnnato Kaananeikmea no 
3.279.145 p. tfb to&b na codepotcanie uepKoeHO-npuxodacum wkoai> 
u 1HK0A^ xpoMovntA, a manotce na uucnetntiio 3a cumuwkoaomu. 

1057. pasptbweHiu omnyotcdeHui nacmu nedeuotcuMato uMynte- 
cmea, o6e3nenueaioutau) m>icomopt*e noontime o6AutauioHHt*e aa&MH. 

1058. 06b omdaHfb eb apendnoe codepotcanie AAaiupexeno komh- 
naxo cqpe6poceuHi4oeato aaeoda. 

1059. paaptbtueniu 6e3nouuuHHaio eeo3a uHocmpanHux* m&~ 
eapoeb eb i. KoAy. 

1060. 06b ymeepotcdeniu ycmaea OKuionepnato o6tttecmea Sax 
npouseodemea MKyccmeennbtarb < mpotvneAbHMicb MamepiaAOeb „3en>3da u 

1061. Autceudauiu nencionuou kclcch CAyotcau+uxb ua Prno- 
JlfiUHCKoik u J^euncK(hBume6cKoU 0fceAfb3Hbtxb dopoiaxb, dtbiicmooeae- 
tue# no 1 AHeap* 1893 toda. 

1062. 06^ yeeAuneniu ocnoeuaio nanumaxa IbAy6oecxaio Eepecmo- 
so-EcnodyxoecHaxo wpw>npQM\AWAenna\o motaputqecmea. 

1068. 06b yeeAuneniu ocmsnaio nanumaAa AAencfbeecKato topuo- 
npoMUtUAenuato o6utecmea. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCLXXI — 

1064. 3aMfbu^€Hiu doAMHocmu pefcmopa IQpheecKaio ynueep- 
cumema e% CAynaib ew 6oAtb3nu uw onuyncu. 

1066. 06^ OKOHsatneAbtwMi pacnemtb cb oGvtecmeoxb Mocxoecico- 
KypcKOtl M€Afb3noii dopoiu no eunyny oananeHHOu dopoxu eh nasny. 

1066. 06t ynwepotcdeniu noxooteemH o tconmpoAfb npu Cexmn>u- 
tuejm Cumdfb. 

CBflTtdmifi DpaBHTejibCTByiDmifl chhoai> bt> BixkHra cBoeirb coo6- 
mnxi> DpaBHTejii>cTByDni,eMy CeHaTy, hto bo Hcnaraeme onpejrfueHui 
CBffrtflmaro Craoja on 23 aiapTa 1895 roja 3a J6 828, CHHoaa-ib- 
HHfl o6epi>-npoyTpopT> BceaoAAafr&Ame HcnpanntBaxt Bucoiafimee 
Ero HwiepaTopcKaro BejiraecTBa coHSBOieme Ha yTBepsAeme pas- 
CMOTpiHHaro h oAofipeHHaro CBaTiftrnHMt Chhoaomi> npoeKTa nojoae- 
ma o KOHTpoxb npH CMTiftmeMt chho#£. Birbcrb ct> rbMT>, bi» 
BH£y Toro me cHHOA&iLHaro onpeA&iema, ofept-npoKypopt Bceno&- 
AaHtAnie ecnpanraBai'B Bucoiafiine coHSBoaeme Tocy^pji HunepaTopa 
Ha BHeceme B-& rocyaapcrBeHHHfi Cob*tt>, no ycraHOBJeraoMy nopaaisy, 
npe^CTaBjeHia o6r> mwhEernxx-h wl ^bftcTByiomeMt nnaTb kohtpojmi, 

BU3MBaeMLIXT> yqpeaCfleHieMT> npH KOHTpOJTt HOBUXT> AOJXHOCTet, Cl> 
COOTBiTCTBJDmHMT, MSR&oH flOJHKHOCTH KiaCCOMl* H paapftAOMli HO 

MyHAHpy h neHcin. Ha BceuojiMBHMmeM'h o6epT>-npoKypopa AOKja^i o 
cein> rocyaapro HMnepaTopy fijaroyro^HO 6hjo, bt> 28 aem> anpi,™ 
1895 ro^a, coficTBOHHopyrao HaiepTaTb: n Co%Aacem u 1 a Ha npoeKrh 
HOJosema o KOHTpojrt npn CBOTbfiineMi> Croo^fe: n Et*mb no ceMy u . 

Ha noxiHHHOMi Co6cTBeHBo» Ero HiinepaTOpCKaro BejHiecTBa py*o» HanHcano: 
Bfb UapcKOMi, Cej*. „£>%#m% •#» eej-y" 

28 anptaa 1895 roja. 

nOJIOMCEHIE. 

KOHTPO.If, IIPH CBffraftniEMIi CHHO^. 

fraua 1. y<ipexA6iiiJi kohtpojh 

OmdtbAeuie I. IIpedMembt mdoMcmea Konmpojw. 

1) Koffrpojb npn CB«T*fimeMT> Chhoa* cctb ynpeameHie, Ha6ji»- 

AaDH^ee 3a npaBHJH»HOCTi» o6opoTOBT> h coxpaHHOCTi» aeHearaaro n 

MaTepiajLHaro HMymecTBa KaKi> Henocpe^cTBeHeo oTWTHHX'b npeflx 

hhmt> yqpesaemfi AyxoBHaro Bi^OMCTBa, TaKh h npe^CTaBJWDmHX'L 

s. »pm. o6m. kh. mi 1895 r. 18 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccLxxn — 

GBOH OTieTLI HOCji npe^BapHTaiLHarO OCBH^iTeJBCTBOBOHifl HXl ItfcCT- 
HHMH p6BH8iOHHHMH KOMHTeTaMH. 

2) Bt cocTaBi Hafaroaema KOHrpoia bxoa&tb: 1) doxyMimnaMr- 
hoa peBHsk no oroeTaarB h ^osyiieHTairB o6opotobi» xeHesHaro h 
MaTepiajBHaro HMymecTBa yipex^eHifi ayxoBHaro ui^OMCTBa h 2) 
(fiaKmunecKtii kohtpojl, cocroamift: a) fl nosipKi HaairaHOcra ffiKom* 
Haro h MaTepiaiBHaro miymecTBa ottothhx'b npe#i> KompojceMt 
y^pea^emfl h bt> npHcyrcrBin ihhobi bohtpom npn Topran> bt» 
xosaficTBGHHOirB ynpaBJiemH Ha noflpafla h nocTasBH h npa npieirfc 
h ocBB^Ten»CTBOBaHiH npiotfp&raeiiaro h ooraysAaeiiaro xyxoBmor* 

Bi^OMCTBOMT, HMynjeCTBa H 6) BT, IipHCyTCTBiH TOXHHKa KOHTpOJH Hi 
TOpraXl H Vb KOMMHCLHX'B HO HOGipoftS^ HOBHXL H KailHT&IBHOlty 

peMOHTy crapura coopysemfi Ha cymoi ayxoBHaro Bi^oucm. 

OmdfbAenie II. JIuhhhu cocmaeb KonmpoAX. 

3) KoffrpojB npn CBaTiftmearL Chho^6 coctohtb rax ynpaBiaD- 
njaro, o6epT>-KOHrpojiepoBx, crapnrax'B h MiaAnnnnb KOHrpojepoBi, 

T6XHHK0BT> H CHeTHHXT* TOHOBHHKOBT>. 

4) ynpaBMDmift KOHTpozeM* pacnpe^aen. /tfua h aaHOTui 
Mea^y HmaMH Kompoja, HadoDaaert 3a npaBH»HHMt h ycninramnb 
TeHeHiesTB kohtpojibhhx'b #&!•&, HasHanaerL tohobx kohtpom kb 
y^acriro bt> npncyTCTBiaxt h kommhcIhx'b no K&JKurB ^aKnnecsaro 
KOHTpour, npeAci^aTejiLCTByerb bt> o6meM«B npHcyrcTBin EOHipoxa h 
npHcyrcTByen> npn eacearfecjrfflNX'B h TpeTmixt CBH^iTe jLCTBOBamaxt 
xeHeasHurb cymrB CHHO^aTeiBHaro KasHa^ef crBa. 

5) Otiepb-ROHrpoxepii) hpohsboah, no Ha8Ha?emi) ynpaBXff»m;aro, 

HapaBHt CT> npO^HMH KOHTpOJepaMH, AOKyMGHTaJLHyH) HOBipKy KHHTB 

h otsotob'l, no^iesanprb peBHsiH, hm^dtl 6jHacafimee Ha6j»jeHie 
sa CBoeBpeMeHHHMi> nocxynieHieM-B Ha peBHsii) ottothocth otl noa- 
jeasan^HX'B y^peas^emfl h jeb^ h cocraBjarorB bt> ycTaHOBieHHue 

CpOKH OTTOTH H B^OMOCTH flJUl HpeACTaBJeHM CBOTMlHeMy CHHOjy, 

o^hht* — no noBipKi khhtl h ot^otob^ Henocpe^CTBeHHo npe^CTaBXfle- 
mhxt> vl KOHTpo jl npn CBtfTMmein> Chhoa4, a flpyrofi — no noBftpsfc 
ottofhocth, ^ocraBMeMoft peBHsioHHuun EOMHreTaira. 

6) Orapmie h ma#me KOHTpojepu upohsbo^htb ^OKyMemaiLHyi) 
noBipKy npe^CTaBineMoft Ha peBHauo othothocth h ncnoiHjnoTi> 
BosJiaraeMiia Ha hhxt/ ofaBamocTH no npeAMOTairb (j>aKTH^ecKaro 

ROHTpOJH. 

7) TexHHKt h ero noMontHHra pesHsyDTL oroeraocrB no ho- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccLxxm — 

ctpoftwiifc, npoHBBo^mrain, Ha cyttMH, coctojhum b% pAcnopaaemH 
CfiflT&fim&ro OHHo^a, h npHHEMaDTt yqacrio bt» pacnopj^nHTeiLHHXi* 

H BCIIO JHHT6Ji>HHX1> fliftCTBUIX'B ItO CTpOHTejLHfillTB OnGpaityJUrb fcyXOB- 

Haro ffiwmcTBa, ar* npe.a&iaxt, yKasaHHttxt fi» ct» 4T. 

npuM*nanie. nocvpoesi* Ha cyiuni xyxoBHaro vh&owpm, ohh ne 

tipOHBBOAHTfc. 

8) BagJJHft H3T> peBHSyDHpOCL RGC&f% Ha 066% BCD OTB&W5TB0H- 

hoctb sa npaBHJLHOCTL coBepmema nopy^eHHol eiry peBHsia. 

9) OttfttHe teHOBHHKH 8aHHMaDTCA HpH KOHTpO-iepaX* C?6TO- 
EO^CTBOM, H HCnOJHemeBTL KaHI^ejJipCKHXt O&TOaHHOCTOft. 

10) Jkmfc cjyaam,ia no BOjn>Hony HafiMy, ^onydtaDTca fcfc 8a- 
Hurairfc b* KOHTpoxfe no ycM orpinix) ynpaBxaromaro KOHTpo jein,, c* 
rim, ttoCh pacxoxu Ha hxt> BosHarpas^eme He npeBtitnan cymiif , 
noxoaseHHoi Ha Baa^ejwpii) KOHTpo,m 

OmdtbAeme III. 0<mee npucymcmeie fcownpofifi. 

11) 06m;ee npucyrcTBie eohtpojui cocTaBJuiDTt, nofli. npex- 
cft^arettCTBOMi ynpaBjun&maro KOHTpciemb, ofepB-BOHTpoiepH* crop- 
mie KOHTpo^epu h T6Xhhkt», npH o6cy«#emH BonpocoB 1 *, Kaca»mHXca 
ero cnen^ajLHOCTH. 

12) Bi^Hii) o6m;aro npHcyTCTBia nodosal** x&xa: 

a) o peBHsiH orqeroB 1 *, nmypoBHX'B khhfl h AosyMeHTOBi, m£cti> 
h jee^l, o6osaHHBixi> oT^erHoorix) Henocpe^CTBeHHo npe^t KOHTpcwieMt; 

6) o pa8CMOTpimH ottotob 1 *, o6peBH30BaHHHXT> no KHnrairB h 
AOByMeHTavB bt> m4cthhxt> pesHBioHHura lOMHT&raxii h noBipeH- 
01x1 BOHTpojepaMH; 

b) o paBCMoapimn AonojHHTejLHuxt otfoHCHemfi no orarann>, 
ocrftBjeHHHMT, npH peBHsin fo&h yTBepaweHiff; 

r) o paspiunemH He^opasyMimft h BonpoeoBi*, BOSHHKaDiUHXt 
npH peBHsiH; 

j) ofa> yeMorpiHHHXt npH peBHsin ynymemaxt iuh oTcrynie- 
maxb otb cymecTByDmnxi* nocTaHOBjemfl; 

e) o noBipKi cm£thhxi> pocnncamfi h GBepxcH&nmx'B pacxoftOBi 
no 8aRjix)HeHiAM% KOHrpojepoBt, paacMaTpHBaBmnxi* carfcty npefl* 
BHecemeMi, oHofi Ha yrBepameme CBOT&fimaro CHHoaa. 

s) o saaBjreHiax'B TexHssa kohtpo.i n no npe^MOTairB Boaiarae- 
mhxt> Ha Hero HacToanpuri* noioaemein, cneijiaaBHHX* o&raaHHocrefi; 

8) o HaqeTaxi, h BSHCBamaxi^ OTKpHBaeMHxt npn peBHsiir, 

18* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCLXXIV — 

h) o<fo> HSMtaemH h.ih AonojraemH cymecTByiomHX'B npaBHjn> h 
4k>pm*b cieTOBo,n;cTBa h oraeTHocTH no ayxoBHOMy FfcflOMCTBy; 

i) o HenpeacTaBjemH oTieTOB** Ha peBHsiro h o npHHariH M*fcpi> 
no6yamema bhhobhhxi* kt> Heaie^eHHOMy HcnojHem». 

13) 3aKjmeHia o6m;aro npncyTCTBia HavfljracHBaroTca Ha ho^ihh- 
HHXt peBHsioHHUxt sanHCKaxx wh bh#& peaojioijifi, yTBepa#ax)Tca 
no^nncLi) ^LieHOBt npncyrcTBia h o6pam,ai)Tca kt> HcnojiHemio ynpa- 

BJUnOin;HB|. , B KOHTpOJeM'B. 

14) Hst* xhjL'h, noHMeHHOBaHHUXTb bi> ct. 12, o6m;eMy npn- 
cyTCTBiio npe^ocTaBJiaeTCH yTBepayjemro peBHsra oTieTOBi: a)KOTopHe 
OKasa-racB bo Bcixt ^acTaxt b*phhmh; 6) no kohmt. Ha&AeHH He- 
npaBHjbHOCTH nxa OTCTynaema ott> nopajKa h 4>opin> cieTOBOflCTBa a 
OTreeraocTH, He HaMeKaromia coMH$Hia bt» npaBMLHOCTH npHXO^a h 
pacxo.ua; b) no kohmi. otkphtu Harara M&aoBaaaHHe, no#ie»amie 
oioaemi) no saKOHy h r) no kohmt, nojiaraeTca HCTpe6oBaTL &o- 
nojiHHTejiBHUfl ofi'LacHema &ih AORyMenru. 

15) Ha pa3CMOTpime h yTBepa^eme o6epr>-npoKypopa CMT^ftraaro 
CnHo^a npeflCTaBjwnoTca saoroHema o6maro npncyTCTBia: a) no 
npeflBapHrai&HOMy paacMoTpfemK) cm^tb h CBepxcji4THHXT> KpegHTOBt 
wh ciyqaax'B He,a;ocTHrHyTaro coraamema ct xosaficTBeHHuan, ynpaMe- 
Hiewv. 6) no saaBaeHiaMt TexmiKOBi* KOHTpojra o npeacTaBjeHHHXt 
hmh bi> TexHHiecraxt coBinjaHiaxi. oco6hxt> MHimaxT/, b) o Ha- 
qeTaxt h BaucRamax'L, no peBHsin oTKpHBaeMHxt; r) o cjosemH 
Ha^eroBi* h BSHCKamfl He6jaroHa l fl;eatHHX'i> Kb nocryn^emro; a) ofa> 
OTA*JeHHxi», hst, peBHsin BHTeKa»ni;Hxi>, Bonpocaxt, TpeCyromnxi. 
oco6hxt» pa^pimenift hjh pacnopaatemft; e) o6t ycMOTpiHHHXt npn 
peBH3iH ynymemaxi. hjih oTCTynjiemaxt on, cyni.ecTByioniiHX'i. no- 
cTaHOBJieHifi; at) o Mipaxt notfyacAema Mien, h jraniTb, bt> eayqai 
HencnoJHema saKOHHNXt Tpe6oBamft KOHTpoja, kt> CKopMmeiiy 
AocraBjeHiio ot^cthocth. 

16) 3aKJi»^eHie KOHTpoxa no A'luiaM'B pimeHHiari. bt> o6mpwh 
npneyTCTBin, ho npeBsnnaiomHM'fc ero BjacTB, npeacTaBJunDTca Ha 
yTBepatfleme o6epi»-npoKypopy aokjmahhmh sairacKaMH, 3a noAHHCoart 
ynpaBJiaronjaro h CKpinoK) noaaeacamaro o6epT.-EOHTpo.iepa. 

17) Ha paacMOTptme h yTBepacAeme CBarfetonaro CHHoja npej- 
cTaBJiaroTca: 1) gkia*, Kacaiomiaca oTBiTCTBeHHOCTH npeocBan^eHHHxt 
apxiepeeBt, cHHOAajrtHHxt KOHTopt, jiaBpi, h bc4xt> Boo6m,e MOHa- 
cTHpeft; 2) Bet t* KOHTpojiLHHa A*^a, KOTopaa o6ept>-npoKypopT» 
npn3Haen> HyatHUwt, no po^y n BaacHocm npe r T.MeTOBi>, npe^JiesHTL 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCLXXV — 

Ha paacMorpimie CnHOAa; 3) ycTaHoaaeHHHe reHepajbHHe oTHeTH 
KOHTpoja o6t o6opoTaxi> .neHeatHux-B KamrrajiOBTb oT^eTHHXi. npej& 
hhmt. yqpesAemfi ^yxoBHaro rfyjoncTBa. 

18) YTBepa^eHHiw o6ep*B-npoKypopoMT, CBarfeftinaro CHHo^a 3a- 
iLTDHeHia KOHTpojiii coofimaroTcn kt> CB&jubmio hjth Hcno-raemro noA- 
jeacanpiM'L yTpeac^eHLaMt OTHomemaaiH kohtpojth; no npe^MeTaifB ace, 
TpetfyDmnarb pacnopa.KHTejibHiix'b tffcftcTBift enapxia.ibHoft BJiacra, co- 
otfmaeTca enapxiajn>HHMT> npeocBameHHiurt oTHomemaMH o6epT>-npo- 
Kypopa CBjrrtfimaro CHHo;ja; onpe^iema CBnr&ftinaro CHHO^a no 
kohtpojbhhmt> jcfejiaMt coo6m;ai)Tca no^ieaamiurb y^pea^emaM-B 
yKa3aMH CBHTiflmaro CnHo^a, a kohtpojtk) BHnHCKaMH hst. onpe- 
.rfuemfi CBOTifimaro Cmo^a. 

l\iaB* D. DojiOHrpojbHafl oneiuocTb. 

OmdtbAenie I. Omnemu^ npedcmaeJuieMwe na peeu3%n>. 

19) IIoAJesaniie peBH3in KOffrpoJia oi^era — o^hh npeacTaBJuiiOTcn 
Henocpe^CTBeHHO bt» KOHTpoab, apyrie — nocTynarorb nocjfc npe,nBapH- 

TCJbHOfl HOBipKH BT» MiCTHUXT* peBH3iOHHUXT> KOMHTeTaXT*. 

20) Bi. KOHTpojb Henocpe^CTBeHHO npe^craBJUHOTca: 

1) EaeMicaTOaa OTieTHOcrb: a) cHHO^ajbHaro KasHaieftcTBa npn 
xoaaftcTBeHHOMt ynpaBJeniH h 6) no aanacHHMi, khh2Khumi> cKJaflaan. 
r no onTOBoft n posHinffloft npo r i,aat kheih> m> chho^&jlhhx'l jiaB- 
Kaxi>. 

2) Fo^oBue OT^eTH: 

a) no MocKOBCEofi h C.-IIeTep6yprcKoft cnHOAajbHUMi, ranorpa- 
fyvavh: KaccoBBie, MaTepiajbHue h o He^oHMKaxt; 

6) KamjexapiH MockobckoA CBartftmaro CnHo^a kohtopu o nepe- 
xo^anpni. cyMMaxi.; 

b) 3aB*^yroffl,aro Mockobckhmt> CHHOfl&ibHHM'b ymrameM'b ijep- 
KOBHaro nima h CHHOflaJbHinrb xopoMi. — bt> cyMMaxt h HMymecTBi; 

r) CMOTpHTeiefl aomobt> h noflBopbeirb ayxoBHaro BiaoMCTBa: 1) 
no npnxoay n pacxo,ay ,apoBT> Ha oTOMeme 3^amft no^BopbeBi.; 2) 
no aoxoflaarb h pacxo,n;aMi» ijepKBefi no.nBopbOBT., h 3) 3K3eKyTopa 
CMTfeftraaro CHHO^a o npHxo.ni h pacxo^t no CHHo^ajbHofl ijepKBH. 

3) OraeTH B7» aBaHCOBHXt cyMMaxT>, oTnycitaeMHX'b CMOTpHTejura-b 

CHHO^aJbHHXT. HO^BOpbeBl,. 

21) llocjrfj npej^BapHTejibHoft nosipKH m*cthmmh peBHsioHHHMH 

KOMHTeTaMH npe^CTaBJiHOTCfl BT» KOHTpOJb: 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCLXXYI — 

a) aEOHOMHHecKie ottoth ayxoBHHxt aKa^eirift, cenHHapifi h yro- 
«mi» h ^eHCKH^t yraramt flyxoraaro Bi^OMCTBa; 

6) 0TH6TU ^yxoBHHx-B KOHCHCTopifl o nepexoaanw* cymcax^ He 
no M63Ka iD t HXT> pesHsra rocyAApcTBOHHaro kohtpojut, 

b) rpysHHexaro, HMepeTHHCBaro h I^iftcEo-MHmpexBCKaro ijep- 
sobhwb KasHaneficTFt; 

r) crpoHTattHrat komht6tobt>: 1) bt» cyMMaxi*, oTnycKaeHHXt 
hbt» AyxoBHO-yne6Haro Kamrrajia Ha nocTpoftra h HcnpaBjema 3Aamfi 
h ycTpoftcTBO pa8HHxi> xo3JficTB6HHuxi> npHHaAie&Hocrefi; 2) bt> cyM- 
Hax^t onrycKaeMHXT* hst> cnei^ajLHUXi* cpe^CTFL CBHT&flmaro Chho- 
aa pa nocrpoftKy h HcnpaaieHie ijepKBeft, npirrroBHX'B s^amft h nutorb. 

HpuMtbnauie. IIoB^pRa ot?6tobi> fl m£cthhxt> enapxiaifrmixx h 

BpeMeHHHXt peBHSiOHHUX'L KOMHTeTaXT* npOHSBO^HTCfl Ha OCHOBaHiH 

oco6uxi> y yTBepa^eHHiix'B CBsrh&mawb Chho^omt* npaBHXL h hhct- 
pyw^ift. 

22) KpoM* cero vb ROffrpojb npn QBxri&mewb ChhoxA AOCTas- 
4a»Tca: 

1) HaweHema ast oTqeTOBt enapxiaJLHuxT> noneraraibCTOB o 
npaapiBdH 64AHHXt AyxoBHaro 8BaHur, 

2) rOAOBUJI HitfOKOOTH AyXOBHUXt KOHCHCTOpift ljepKOBHHX% sa- 

nHTfuaxi, ctfopaxt h no&eprBOBaHi&xv, 

3) Bi^OMOCTH o MicTHHXt cpefldBaxt, ynoTpefaemmb Ha co- 
AepataH^e j^yxo5HO-y^e6HHn» saBeaemft h enapxiajLtraxt «eHCEHXt 
y^HjHmt. 

OmdtbAenie II. cponaxh npedcmaeMHi* omnemovb na peeusm. 

23) IIpHxoAopacxoAHHa nraypoBiia khhth cnHOAaiBHaro sassa- 
HeAcxBa, KHgxffyx^ CMa^oBT> h jaBora, ci> AOKyiieHTaMH np^craB- 
jra»Tca Ha peBHsiD bt> KOHTpojL bt> Teieme xftarcHaro cpoica. 

24) Y^pesAeHUi AyxoBHaro uiAOMCTBa, o&raaHHua ro^pnmoro ot- 
qexHocr^D Henoq>eflCTBeHH3 npefli KOHTpaieirB npn GBHTbftmeirb Ch- 
hoa&i AOssHii npqacraBMTB OHyD He nosae 1-ro anpftia cj£Ayx>iqaro 
3a cnenjcbuci* rojp* 

25) Orcein no nocrpofiBaifT* h HcnpaBxeHUurb 8#aHift B&AOUCTBa 
CBarififliaro CMOja, nponaBe^eHHuirL Ha cyiwH, oraymeHHra m 
cnenunBHtat cpeAcm CBarfifimaro Cimo^a, npeAcrauiOKEOfl Ha 
peBHsiD vh Teneme noiyroxa no oBOHqamH pafort h na^exasapwh 

VXh OCBHI^TeXbCTBOBaHiH. 

UpuMfhsauie. Kamjexapia CMTfiftmaro Cano^a coo6m;aen, boh- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CC1XXYH — 

Tpoj» bhhhckh H8T. cocTOflBinHXCJi onpeflfcjemft CBarfcftniaro CHHOfla 
o KaaHOBffc paspimemn nocTpofiKH hjh peMOHTa Ha ciert cneitfajB- 
hhxt> cjHBrB Crariifiinaro CnHo.ua. 

26) Owera, noAiexamie npeflBapHTeiLHoft noBipKi bt> peBroioH- 

EUVb ROHHTeTaX'B, AOCTaBJUHDTCH CHMH HOCJT&flHHMH BT> KOHTpOJL 

Bjrhcrfe cn> BacBH^iTejLCTBOBaHHHMH EonumH aypHajoBt soBarreroFL, 
He nosace 1-xt ucexB OKTatfpa <uftAyx>iii;aro sa vmenmiwb ro^a* 

27) Ecjh onerHocTB He 6yAerc> ^ocraKiena fl ycraHOBieHHHfi 
cpoin> h He tfyaenb npeACTaaieHO csi^Hifi o npiraHHax'B npocporan, 
to KOHrpojtL #kiaen> HanoMHHaHie noA^eaameiiy idicry &ra .nmy 
ofa> HcnoiHeHiH arofi otoaHHOCTH. 

28) Ecjh noFropHTejn»Hoe TpetfoBame KOHTpaia He 6yjen» yaoB- 
jeTBopeHO h He 6yjt t erb aocTaaieHo CBi^imft o npnraHaxx npocpon- 
kh hjh yKasaHHHJi npHHHHu He 6y^yn» npnsHaHH yBaaoiTejLHHMH, 
to kohtpojl npe^CTaBxaen* o6epi>-npoKypopy CBHTfcfimaro GHHO^a 
o npHHHTin wiph nofiyamema bhhobhhxt> kt> AOCTaBJiemi) Tpe6ye«oi 

OTTOTHOCTH H COOTBftTCTBeHHOtfb HO WMOESLWh BSUCKamH. 

Liana III. AoKyieHTaiBHaH paui3in npeACTaiueHHoi orwraocni. 

29) ^OKyMeHTaxbHaa peBHsk aeHeatHoft h MaTepiaiLHoft oTHeTHOCTH 
saKJimaert wi> ce<5i: 1) npeflBapnTejBHoe ea pascMOTpime h 2)hoa- 
po^Hyro noK&pKy. 

3) llpn npedeapumeAbnoM* poscMOTpfimn oroeTa h npHHaftieaea- 
hjhxi> Kh Heiry aoKyMeHTOBTb kohtpojb o6pam;aen> BHHManie Ha to: 

a) Bca Jan cj&ayi>in;aa Ha peBHsiro oroeTHOCTt aocTaBJieHa; 

6) COOTBfiTCTByeiTB Jm BlrfUHHift BH#B flOCTaBJeHHOft OTTOTHOCTH 

ycTaHOBieHHHMt npaBH^aMt; 

b) no ycranoBjeHHoft jm (jwparfc cocTaBieHB ottott*, 

h r) corjiacHH jih Meamy co6ok> noKaaama o6opoTOBi> no paaaire- 
hhmi, BH^aan, ottothocth. 

31) Ecjh npn npe^BapHTejttHOMt pascMOTpbrnn OKaaterca, too He 
XOCTaBiemi Heo6xo#HMHe AOKyMeHTti hot 6y^yn> yofOTpfiHH TaBie 
HeAOcraTKH, BOTopue Moryrt 6htb HcnpaBJienu ipeat TpetfoBame 

XOHOJEBHTeAHICCB GFb^mfi H ofeaCHOmft, TO BOHTpOJL BXO^HTB Vb 

cHoreme er& noAxeatanpmH yqpea^emaMH o floeraBxemH Hafiiesa- 

HpX*b ^OKyMeHTOBT> HJH ^OnOJHHTeJLHUXt CB£x&Hii h ofaacHemft. 

32) Ecjh bt> EHnraxt h oT^eTaxt 6yflyn> ycMOTpftmi Tasie He- 

AOCTaTKH, KOTOpHXT. He2B8H HCHpaBHTB Tpe60BaroeiTB ^OHOJHHTeJL- 

hhxt> cBfytfbmfi, a Taxse, ecjra oT^eTU h khhth He nojonicaHU hoa- 
jiea^mHara y^pea^emaMH h jHn,aMH, to oTHeraocTL B03Bpam;aeTca 



Digitized by 



Google 



'^fT 



— CCUXXVIII — 

wa Ha^jieaamaro ncnpaBjema r .nono-raema, cr> yKa3ameMT> no^ie- 
atamnxT. HcnpaMemi) He^ocTaTKOirL hjh onymemfi; Hadiro^Hie aa 
CBoeBpeMeHHHM'B npeflCTaMemeMi, .nonojHHTejLHHXt cBiflfcHift npo- 
H3BO,prcca nopflflKoarc>, yKasaHHUMi, bt. ct. 337 o6m;aro cwraaro yc- 
TaBa. 

33) Ilpn nodpoSnoMb pascMOTpfeaiH 0TieT0BT>, nocTynaromnxi. bt. 

KOHTpOJb npH CBHTififfleMT* CHHO^i, KOHTpOJL HOBipaeTT. KaccoBua 

AificTBia no^iemamHX'L y^peat^emfl: 

a) BipHo xr nepeHeceHH ocTaTKH, KaKie SHanaTca no otfpeBHso- 
BaHHtUTB KHHraMi. npomeflinaro ro.ua; 

6) BipHH jlr no CTpaHHi^aMt TpaHcnopTH, qacTHHe h o6njie hto- 
rn h ocraTOKx kt> cai.nyioiu.eBiy ro^y; 

b) no bcIjmt. xr npHxoAHHMt CTaTBaarL ecTL no^nHCH Ka3Ha<iea 
h.ih Toro jrania, kohmt. KHnra Be^eHa, a no pacxo^HHMT, craTbaMi. — 
y3aK0H6HHHa pocnncKH noaywrejeft h yBiflOMaema o noay^emH ae- 
Hen»; 

r) coraacem. jh ot^otb ct. aoKyMeHTaara h BipHH jh noRasaH- 

HUH Vb CaMHXT. #OKyMeHTaXT> HC^HCJLeHUi; 

A) CBoeBpeMemo m nocTynjeHia h BH^a^n sanHCHBaracb vh nmy- 
poBHa khhth h He ocTaBajiacb jlr KaKaa cyMMa HiKOTopoe BpeaiaHe- 
rjacHOK); 

e) He xpaaaTca jh, csepxT. ^ficTBHTe^LHoS na^ofiHOCTH kt> ynoT- 
pe6.ieHiio, bt. h&ihmhocth cyMMH, no,peacamia o6pain;eHiK) bt» npoi^- 
THbia 6yaiarH vuai BHeceHiro Ha Teicymifi CTert; 

at) ecn> jol Ha^eacamie 6wieTU rjlr pocnncKH na BHecenEraa bt> 
Kpe^HTHHa ycTaHOBJema KamrraJiH h sanncaHH jh ohh no Ha^-ieoa- 
in.nM'L KHHraMt; 

3) CBoeBpeMeHHo ar nojynaioTca upou;eHTU no 6&ieTaMT> h kbh- 
TanirfaMT. h npncoe,HHHaroTca jih Kb no.peatan^HM'B KanHT&iain.. 

34) Ilpn noBipK* pacnopa^HTeJbHHXi. flifiCTBiii no nocTynjemi) 
Aoxoaobtl KOHTpoJb o6a3aH , b y^ocTouipHTbca: 

a) cjii,nyionqe kt* nocTynjiemio aoxo^h bt. tomt. xr KOJnreecTfffc 
nocTynara, bt> KaKOMt Ha&ie»ajio, r CBoeBpeMeHHo xr nocTynnjra; 

6) Be^erca jh Toraoe HCTOCJieme aoaroBT. h ^hjaDTca jih Ha^;- 
.ie»anqA pacnopaacema r noflTBepayjema bt. cay^aaxi. HeHcnpaBHaro 
ujiaTeaca #ojira. 

35) Ilpn noBipKi pacnopaAHTejibHHXT. ^iftcTBifl no nponsBOflCTBy 
pacxo^oin. KOHTpojrb HafaKwaerb: 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCLXXIX — 

a) cooTKfeTCTByen. jh npoH3Be^eHHufl pacxofli. ciiiTHOMy Ha3Ha- 
HeHi» h npe,pieTy Ha3Ha?eHur, 

6) ct> paspimema jh noweaamaro HaiajBCTBan no yBaaHTejB- 
hhmt> jh npHiHHaiTB A&iajocb nepe^naeme cyMMt no craranrB 
carfrFHHxi> accHTHOBaHifi; 

b) HM^eTCA jh saKOHHoe ocHOBaHie %&& ^anHaro pacxoaa h co6- 
xnjifiWh jh ycTaHOBjeHHLifl nopjw>Ki> Mft ero np.H^BOACTBa; 

r) He npeBLiniaDTt jh pacxo^u cyMMt, Ha8Ha?eHHUxi> Ha Kaamaft 
npeanerB no carfwrifc hjh hhuatb 3aEOHHUMi> paspimemairB; ecjn npe- 
BumaDTb, to cb Haweaanjaro .m yTBepa^ema npoH3Be#eHa nepe- 
Aepaoca; 

js) He ocTaiyrcH jh cyMMH, no^jeaan^ia BH^an* hjh otchjk$ 
h HMieTca jh bt> orxeTaxt hah aoKyMeHTaxi. oCyMCHeme, noieaiy 

TaEOBEIH CyMMH He 6HJH BM^aHH HJH OTOCJOHH HO HpHHaflJeaHOCTH. 

36) Ilpn noBipici ottothocth no MaTepiajBHOMy raymecTBy koh- 
tpojl o6a3am> y#ocroFbpHTBca: 

a) Bee jh cocroam;ee m> HajHTOoarn MaTepiajBHoe HMymecTBO bt» 
nojHOMt KOjfflHecTBi h bt> nojHofi njitypb ero ctohmocth; 

6) CBoeBpeneHHo jh npoHSBO^H-iact 3annct nocTynHBraaro HMymecTBa; 

b) CBoeBpesieHHO jh h bt> Ha^jeaanjean. .to koahhoctb4 BHnncaHO 
vh pacxo£?> HMyn^ecTBo, npo^aHHoe hjh oriyaaeHHoe 6esB03Me3OT0. 

h r) Ha saKOHHOMt jh ocHOBamn npoH3BO^LiacB npo^aaa hjh ot- 
'lya^eHie HMymecTBa. 

37) HoBipKa onepaijift Ha saroTOBjeme pasHaro po#a MaTepiajoBT*, 
npnnacoBx, Ha cTpoeme h uotohkh, hpohsboahmhh xo3aflCTBeHHHMi> 
ofipasoMt, aaKJio^aeTca bt» yflocTOBipemH: 

a) npaBHjiBHo jh npoH3BO.nH.iHCB onepaijiH no npHroTOBjemro no- 
Tpe6HHx-B Bemeft X03aficTBeHHHMT. cnoco<5oMT>; 

6) n$HH, 3anjraieHHHJi 3a MaTepiajH, npnnacH, patfora, He npe- 
BHrnaKKTB JH COBpeMeHHHX'B cnpaBoraHX'B iyfeHT>; 

b) KynjeHHHe hjh saroTOBjeHHue MaTepiajH hjh sanacu nocTy- 
iihjh jh Ha npnxotfB, Ky,n;a cjiflOBajo; 

r) sacBH^TejBCTBOBaHO jh HcnpaBHoe saroroBjeme Bem,eft h hc- 
iipaBHoe, Ha ocHOBamn cTpoirrejBHaro ycTaBa, OKOHianie CTpoemfl h 

npOH3BO^CTBO pa60TB. 

38) EcjH-ae saroTOBjeme, noKymca, CTpoeme, noTOHKa nponsBe- 
^eHH ^pes 1 * iiojipaKh, to HafaKwaeTCJi: 

a) co6jKweHo jh npn saRjioiemH no^pa^a Bee Tpe6yeMoe 3aK0- 
homt> h 6hjt> jh oht» ofiesneHeffB 6jaroHa^,eaHHMx sajoroaiv, 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCLXXX — 

6) Bee jh nocTABjeflo hjih Hcno-raeHo no nojpajy bt, cpoKi>; 

b) bt> totoocth jh HcnojraeBH b<& yc^OBia no^pa^a; 

r) npoH3B€^eHo xh ct noApJWnaa sa npocpoixy h .npyrk oenc- 
npamocTH nucBame; 

A) npoH8Bo,fl^iocB m Tpe6yeMoe sasoHomb ocBH£&?aiBCTBOBaiiie 
npoH3BeAeHHofl patfoni hjih nocraiueHHaro mymecraa. 

39) Ilpn pemroin ottotohb, npeACTasjuieMHrB bt> kohtpojb nocj* 

HQB&pfii HXt BHb MiCTHHXB peBH3iOHHHTB KOMHTeraTB, KOHTpOAB 0<J- 

pan^aen BHHMame Ha iuaBHifcme npe^eTH: a) Bipem. jra ctotb 
RamrajiQFB, saumaiHqHXCfl bx roflOBHTB oxqeraxv, 6) corxacmj jh 
ocTaTBH, no o-raeTaarB noKasamrae, cb o6peBH30BaHHHMH 0Traw«H sa 
npamexmit iwb; b) ho npeBtnnarorb jh pacxo^u eymn* Ha Kasftufi 
npe^MerB HaaHa?eHHHn»; r) b* cjy?a£ otkphthxt> npn nicTHoft pe- 
Basin HawroBt h BsucKamfi, aocraToiHH jra npHraraa ajw noflaiMe- 
Hk y(WrKOBi> M&pu. 

40) £oih-6h, no ycMOTpimiD kohtpojw, npHSHano 6ujh) Heotixo- 
AHMmrBf ho BaataocTH paexo^OBi> iuh no xpyrmrb nproHHaarB, hoj- 
BeprHyTL nepecipKi casaifl bhhth, o6peBH30BaHHEUi bt> MicrHUx-B pe- 
BHttosrairb BMHTeTarL, to bth khhth TpetfyDTca, owyaa arijayerB, 
h noBipaa hxt> hpohbboahtch ct> Ha6 JD^emeMt npaBHix, ycTaHOBjieH- 
emx*b aju peanaiH khhtb h OTneTOBx, npe^CTaBjaeMHXt nenocpej- 
CTBeno vh HOHTpoA npH GBATiineirB' ChhoaL 

Ium IV. taRnraecKli Rompou. 

OmdtbAenie I. CeudnmeAbcmeo neuuHHOcmu deneotCHatou MamepiaAb* 

natd uMiywecmsb u npucymcmeoeanie npu moptaxi u eh KOMMuccixn, 

no npio6pn>meHm u omuyotcdeniw uMyujecmea. 

41) Koffrpoj© npeAOcraaiaeTCH npaBo nponaBOffTB BHesamaoe cbh- 
jtftoejBCTBo Hajra^HOCTH AeHesHaro h MaTepi&iBHaro UMymecTBa ot- 
recHiiXB npe^L hhmt> y^peafteHift ^yxoBHaro BiflOMCTBa. 

42) flfiRGRBUA cyMMH noBipaDTca Ha neperarB, MaTepiajiBHoease 
HMymecTBO mosotl 6utb nonfcpeHo na BH^epaKy; bt> cjy^ai passman 
Meawy HajuRflocriii h nosasaHieMx khhtb h AOKyMeHTOBi* HMymecTBO 
noBftpaeTca Ha neperarB. 

43) Ilpn npoHBBO^GTBi nosipEH naxo^HTCH (uHKaftmift Ha^aiB- 
hhkb y^peacAemH h jhb^o, HenocpeACTBeraoaaBiAyroni.eeHMyin.ecTBOirB, 
Q peeyjBTOuaEB noBipKH cocraBaaeTca asrB sa h<wihcbx> josb^ 

npOH3BO^HUnHXT> OHy», 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCLXXXT — 

44) BaeaauHua noBipra npoHSBOjaTca vbbbmb, KOHTpoxg ct> oco- 
6aro Ha KaasAHft cjy^afi paspimema CBaTiftmaro Cmo^a hjh ofopt- 
nposypopa* 

45) EoHrpo.no npeAocraaaaerca: KonaHAHpoBaTB cbohxt> hhbobhh- 
kobt> vl pacnopaOTTejLBwa y^peacAema h BpeMeHHue komht6th, kom- 
MHCciH h coBimama axa npHcyTCTBOBama: a) npn hpoh3boactb4 Top- 
rovh Ha noxpaw> nocraBKH h 3HawrejLHHJi saroTOKiema Bcssaro 
po,s,a HMymecTBa h 6) npn ocBHA^TejEBCTBOBaHiH nocraBJuieMaro, sa- 
roTOBjeHHaro h onyac^aeMaro HMymecTBa. 

Hhhh sohtpo^a y^acTBy»n> bt» chxt> kommhcculxt> ct npaBaMH 

H OfcsaHHOCTAMH npOHHXT» HJ*eHOBT> KOMMHCtift. 

OmdfbAenie II. TexHuuecKiH KonmpoAt. 

46) TexHcraecsifi kohtpojb npHMiaaerca kt> ctpoht6jlhhmt> one- 
paipairB ayxoBHaro Bi^OMCTBa, npoH3Bo,Q^MUBfi> Ha coctwdhU bt> pa- 
cnopasemH CRariflmaro Cmo^a cyMMH*| 

47) TexHHKB KOHTpoM o&reaTejttHO npHcyTCTByert; a) Ha Bcfrra 
TexHHnecsHXT> coBtn^aBdax'L bt> xoaaficTBeHHOMi ynpaaxesiH npH pas- 
CMOTpfcHiH aiaHOBx, nepTeatefi h cm£tt> h no#racHBaen» atypHajH 
chxi> coBimamfi HapaBfffe ct> npoiHMH ^jeHaMH ohuxx; 6) npn oc- 
MOTpi s^amft, npe.njiojaraeMHX'B kt> npiotfp&TeHii) hjih oT^yamemro 
DieHTpajTLHHMT, ynpaBJieHieMt ^yxoBHaro Bi^oncTBa; b) npn ocMOTpi 
saamft, no^jiejKamHxx peMOHxy; r) npn Topraxi* Ha nocapofisn h pe- 
MOHTHua HcnpaMema s^amfi; &) npn ocMOTpi nocTaBjeHHHXx CTpo- 
HrejiLHUxt MaTepia^OBx; e) npn pa36npaTejiLCTB& Hej^pasyMimft npn 
npoHSBOtfCTBi nocrpoeB'B hjr npeTeHsifl ct> Kasod jh6o CTopomj; 
») npn ocBH^feTejLCTBOBamH npoHSBefleHHUX* pa6orc> h peMOHTHaro 
HcnpaBjemA saairift h s) npn noBipni accnrHOBOKb Ha Bu^a^y cyHMi> 

8a HpOH8B6AeHH£IH pa60TH H OKOOTaT&IBHHX'B pa8C?6TOBl> CI> HOJJXHA- 
TOBaMH. BCfiXT> .nMCTBifflfB CBOHXt T6XHHBB ftOHOCHTB 06ffl;eMy HpH- 
CyTCTBiD BOHTpOJH. 

48) HaioxeHHoe bt> npeflHaynjeft emnA yqacrie TOxmraeciearo 
Ha^sopa o6fl3aTejiLHO npHn^HneTca othocht&xbho cTpoirre jbhuxx one- 
paipft bt> r. C.-neTeptfyprfe; no oTHomemio se ki> MicTHOCTflMt bh* 
C.-nerep6ypra oho saBHcnra ott> oco6aro paenopa»eHw CwiTiflinaro 
CaBOAa hjih o6epB-nposypopa CBjrriftniaro dcHo^a. 

49) TexHHKfB KOHxpoja no.pfflCHBaerL sypHajiu hjih axm cob*- 
mamfi h KOMMHecifi HapaBffi ci npoHHMH ^jieHaMH KOMMHccit. 

50) Bi» cjEy^ai pasHorjacia ho saxony jra6o npe^Mery cb npo- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCLXXXII — 

ihmh <uieHaMH cofffemama hjh kommhccIh, TexHHKt Kowrpoja 3aaB- 
Aaerb npn no^nHcamH mypHaia CBoe oco<5oe MH&aie. 

51) Jl^a yKa3aHHHxi> bt> cTaTBaxi. 47 — 50 n.i.iefi xo^aflcTBeHHoe 
ynpaajeme sa&iaroBpeMeHHo yB-feflOMjaent kohtpojib o BpeaieHH h m*- 
crfe ynoBMHyTHXt bt» rfcxt CTaTBaxx ^hficTBift. 

TjABa V. DOCltACTBiHXl DpOH3BeA6HHOi JOKyMeHTaJbHOfi peBN3iH. 

OmdfbAenie I. 06% ucmpe6oeaniu u pascMompfbuiu o6%MHeHiU nopeeu3iu. 

51) 3a»r&ieHHHXi> npn peBHsin om^Kaxt bt> c^eTOBO^CTBi co- 
otfmaeTca no^JteaarnHMT, y^peafteHiaarL pa cooTBtTCTBeHHUxt hc- 
npaBjenifl; a o6i» o6cToaTejiBCTBaxT», no kohmt* B03HHKaen> comh4- 
Hie bt> hxt, npaBiLiBHocTH, cocTaBJwooTca peBH3yiomHMH oco6aa 3aM*fe- 
qama, HSjaraeMiM bt> yneTHHX'L peaCTpaxt; peacpTH 3th OTcraaDTca 
wh no&ieaainia oT^eTHHa yxpeatAema &ia aocTaB aema Ha^jieacanjHxi. 

53) Ecjth no-iy^eHHUMH o6r>acHeHiaMH ycTpaHaeTca coMirfcrne bt» 
npaBHJiLHocTH o6opoTOBT>, to peBH30BaBmifi othothoctb npeACTaBJiaerL 
3TH ofitacHema ct cbohmt. saKJOOHemeMt Ha yTBepameme o6maro 
npncyTCTBia. 

54) Ecjra-me, no paacMOTpinm nojiyneHHHX'B otftacHemft, o6Hapy- 
jkhtch cymecTBOBaBde HenpaBH.iBHMX r h fliflcTBift mh ynymeniii, to pe- 
BHBOBaBnrifl OTieraocTB npe,a;cTaBJiaeTT> o cesrt Ha o6cy»,neHie o6maro 
npncyTCTBia, HCHHCJiaa ymepfi-i,, noHeceHHHfi b4 i homctbom'b ott> 060- 
Potobt>, 0Ka3aBnraxca HenpaBHJBHHMH. 

OrndtbAenie II 06% onpedtbAeniu u estacKaniu H(memoe%. 

55) Haiert He MoacerL 6htb Hajoatem> 6e3t npeaBapHraiBHaro 
HCTpe6oBaBda on nowesamnxT. ynpea^emfi o6TbacHemfi no o6<nx>a- 
TejrbCTBa»n> .nfria. 

Haioaceme HaqeTOBt n B3HCKamft no peBH3in npoH3BOwrcfl no- 

pH^KOMT., yKa3aHHHMT» B7, 06ffl,eMI» CTeTHOWL VCTaBi. 

56) Ecjh bt> HenpaBHJLHOMi. ^ficTBin hjth ynymemH, nocjyxHB- 
niearc. ocHOBanieMi* kt> HaieTy, ynacTBOBajco h^ckojibko ju^t, to ot- 
BiTCTBeHHocTL no HaTOTy pacnpocTpaHaeTca Ha bc4xt> 3thxt> xbs^ 
npmjeM'B Mipa oTuiTCTBeHHocra Kaac^aro h nopaflOKT* B3HCKama onpe- 
A'LiaroTca BHcnrairB HaiajrBCTBom. y^peac^eHia. 

57) HaieTH HefijiaroHajeatHHe kt> nocTynaemio, cjaraiOTca co 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCLXXXIII — 

CTeroBt nopfljpcoiri>, ycTaHOBjreHHHMt ^ia cjoaema HeAOHMOKt h b.sh- 
cKaHifi, He HHa^e KaKt no saKjroiemiD kohtpojui. 

TitBa VI. 3AKJI0qCHiH p6BH3iH. 

58) KoHTpo.TB npH CBffrbfimeMi* Chhoa$, okohtobt. noBipKy khhi"l 
h (KneTOFB y^pea^emft, o6a3aHflMXT> HenocpeACTBeHHo npeflt hhmx 
CBoeo oTHeTHOCTiio, yF&flOMJiaeTfc hxt> o nocii r a,CTBiaxi> peBHsiH, ci> 
B03BpamemeMi> orHeTHOCTH, CB^rbfimeMj ate Chhoay npeACTaBjaerB 
noApofoud OTHert o pesy-iBTaTaxt peBH.sin bt. Teieme ro#a, cjrfyjy- 
»maro sa oneTHUMt. 

59) IIo oKOHMamH noBipm OT^eTOBt, AocTa&ji&eMHTb peBnaioH- 
hhxh KOMHTeTaMH, kohtpojl npe&cra&AsieTh CBJHrbftmeMy CHHo#y re- 
HepaJtHHe or^era: 1) no coaepaaHii) AyxoBHO-y^e6HHXi> 3aBeaeHifi; 
2) o nepexoAJnqHXi> cyMBiaxi* AyxoBHtixi» KOHCHCTopift, He noAJieaca- 
mpxrh peBHdin rocyjapcrBeHHaro KOHTpoja h 3) o uepKOBrnxt Kann- 
Taiaxt, c6opaxi>, £0X0Aaxi> h no&epTBOBaHuixi>. 

60) npoHBBe^eHHofi noBipKi oT^eroBT> rpyaHHCKaro, HMepeTHH- 
ataro h rypiflcKaro ijepKOBHHXT> KasHa^eficTBt, kohtpojl npeacTaB- 
jmert CBjrrfcameMy CHHoay ct KpaTKo» BiflOMocTMo, bt> o6m,HXT, ne- 
pe | mjrat o 6hbhihxi. bt> Te^eHie oT^eTHaro ro.ua AoxoAaxi* h pacxo- 

flaXTb H OCTaTK* BT. TaKOMT. BHA*, *IT0<5h M OttHO 6iU0 yCMOTptTB KaK7» 

BOSBumeme hjh ynaAosr* aoxoaobx, TaKt paBHO coKpameme hjth yBe- 
jraHeme pacxoaoBt. 

1067. 06b ynpeoicdeniu ei KepnencKOMb MapiunctcoMb dtbtncKOMb 
npixmrb cwuneudiu ummu BemKou Khmuhu Kceniu AAeKcandpoeuu 
ofo ymeepotcdeniu noMXHceni* o ceu cmuneudiu. 

1068. npuMmneniu Kb tpaotcdancKUMb HunoenunaM* omdn>At>- 
how Kopnyca noipanuHnoU cmpaotcu nopndna^ npuuHmato ei eoennoMi 
efkdoMcnwfb, ei omuomemu npouseodcmea eb huhh u uaipaotcdeniA. 

1069. doCasAeniu 4 o6epi-o(puuepo<?b m cocmaey rmpanw- 
naw Had3opa &> CpedueU Asiu. 

1070. 06% ynompe6Aeniu opyotcin huhclmu notpanuHHou cmpaoicu 
na CpedHe-A3i*mcKuop> tpanunarb u o6% ymeepotcdeniu epeMennuxz 
ua ceu npedMerm npaeuA*. 

1071. CAyotce6ntAXb npeuMyi^cmeaocb epanevi u (fieAbdtuepovb, 
KOMandupoeanHUXh ei UpuMopcicyio o6Aacm* na 6oph6y a> xojtepoti. 

1072. 06* onpedtbAeuiu epana npu TeAbtueecKOMh eepeucnowb 
nanoAbHOM* ynuAUttttb. 

1073. 06b ymsepo/cdeniu noAOOtceniji o mpancnopmaxb apmu u 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCKXXXTV — 

npaemi $opMupo$BHia eo epww eoifa* donoAHumeA*HHzt> tnpamnop- 
movb, eoeHHtAX* u eoAhnomeMHHXb. 

1074. 06b ynpeofcdeniu <n c. CnaCb-IUenuKU, Pxaanacuxi ty(kp- 
niu u ynada, odnoti doAOHmocmu nomapiyca. 

1075. paspnmeniu npiema 6uAemo&b A3oecKO-,BflHCKaio KOMMep- 
HecKaw 6anza eb Tatanpom na enecennHe eb ohhH denencHMe 6e*> 
cpo*MHe eKAadw, Hapaenn* cb naJiuHHbtMU deHbtoMu, <n> saAotu no 
KasenmAMb nodprikwbu nocmaeKOMi u eb offesnenetiie mameoica pas- 
uato poda amueoeb. 

1076. 06b usMtbueHiu yctnaea o6tqe<meaAsoecKatAnapoxodcmeB. 

1077. paspfbtueniu npieMa %y6epneKUMb u o6AacmHUMb, a 
manotce ecn>m ytwhiHMb oKpyotcnHMb KasnaneiicmeaMb pocciitcKo& 90 
AtmoU MonemtA e% yummy emx% aiattyoeb, a umshho: cb numeit m 
dpoowice& y ct ma6ana % &> caxapa, cb oeefbtnvmeAbHtAVb Heffhnxnuxt 
MOCAt u &> saoicuiameAtHuXb cnuneicb, u o Hasnanemu nypca 6ah *pi* 
eMa aoAomoU MonemtA &b ebmectcaaaHHue nAameotcu. 

1078. paeptbtueniu HtbKomopuxb maMootennm npunuMam* e^ 
ynmmy fnaMWceHHHxi nowAum, eeuMoeMttxb eoAomm eoAMfnoto, 6m 
Am* ffipawyscKatd 6mm. 

1079. 06b uHocmpaHHHtfb 30Aonu*Xb Monemarb, donyutemnWi n% 
npmsy *b ymamy maMooieenHUTb notUAum. 

1080. 06t ynpeotcdeniu eh ujmnifixh Btmneeim * Ckapw&u* 
naxb, UuHCKato ynada, doAotcnocmu noHHonoAuttetkKmo ypfidnuka. 

18 urym M 143. 

1081. HWtuuxb peMecAeuHUXb whoaoxi u o6b ymeepacdeniu 
iumama ynomnymuxb iukoa*. 

1082. twneHumeJtbcmeaxi npu npojtimAeHnuxb ymuuvtaxb. 
1088. 06b ymeepotcdeniu tumama BAaduKamcasacato enapxicu*- 

how ynpasAenw. 

1084. 06b yseAUHeniu ocnoenato ttanumaAa moeapuiqecmea JKu- 
tf/AeecKOto nueoeapennato eaeoda eb i. Camp**. 

1085. 06b ynpeotcdeniu Mfbcmmto KonmpoA* no nopmoeuMb u 
xptbnocmHHMb coopyofcenixMi eb %. Iu6aen> u ymeepmcdeniu epeMennato 
tumama cew KonmpoA*. 

1086. paepmueniu n 0paHtco-PyccKoa KOMnaniu nopmAand- 
acuxb neMenmoeb eb reAendotcuKn** npomeodumb ceou onepwiu 6b 
Pocciu. 

1087. pasptbtueHiu eunycmum* o6Autauiu aKuiouepuoMy o6m- 
dmey 6ymmHHx* ManyfaKmyp* KapAa me06Aepa na 400.000 pyhea. 



Digitized by 



Google 



_ CCEXXXT — 

1088. 06b ymeepotcdemn u nomp fm m npoeumeAhcmeeuHOMy mexnu- 
HecisaMjf nadeopy j» ycmpoucmeoM* u eodepomm&em *c*yccm**HHbtn> 
coopymenia d*x e^docHo6otceHM i. Mocneu. 

1088. OwjnoHmwtbcociOM^npedtw 
KomncKoti meeMbanoa dopotu ycmpoennoti cum o6u+ectneoM* en>mm 
om cmanuiu PjuaNcno-Kaeancnato ynaemna y ei p. 0nn>. 

1090. 06b ymsepofcdeuiu npoenma donoAHeni* noAooaeHtti o6b uMtte- 
pamopcKuxh O-nemepSypwKom MoacoecKOMb meampaAbHbun ynu~ 
tuuiaxb. 

1091. 06b ymeepotcdeHM u noAOotceniA o nanumaAfb umchu nonoti- 
naio moeaputtja npedctbdameM Ktnuuueecnato onpymnato cyda, dfb&cm- 
eumeAhnaxo cmamcxato coetbmuuna Oedopa Oedopoeuua Rpynencnato, 
namepmeoeaHHOMb podnoto cecmpao no ntununeio Ee<fipocuHbeK> Oe- 
dopoeHOfo Bj&eMCKOfo. 

1092. npuceoemu AAencandpoecnoMy ExeuxoMy mexnuHeenoMy 
oKtA%3HodopootcHOMy ynuAuiqy uauMeHoeauiA n nepeoe mexnusecnoe nee- 
MbsnodopooKHoe ynuAuuftb um€hu HMnepamopa AAencandpa II eb 
icpodtb EAbttfb* u o nputumiu nanumaAa % nooxepmeoeaHnato no%em- 
hhmi noneHumeAeMh o^nauennato ynuAuu^a flaniuAOMb IIoAXKoetAJin, 
dA* ynpeotcdeniH ei mowb ynuAUupb njtmu cmunendiii. 

1098. 06b u3Mn,neHiu yemaea Ju6aectcau> 6upotceeato Sauna. 

1094. 06b usMtbueniu yemaea Beecapa6en<hTaepuHeenmo9eMeM 
nato 6auna. 

1095. 06b usMfbuemu yemaea o6n§eemea KymuMCKOAo * npneu- 
utepenato topnuxb saeodoeb. 

1096. donoAneniu yemaea o6utemea esauMMto npedvma na- 
uMeHoeamejm ^etueeuH Kpeduwb*. 

1097. npodAmiu cpona dA* co6pani* oenoenmo namMuua 
IwmtetmcKato npoMHUuenHato o(hjecmea. 

1098. 06b mMfbueniu yemaea OpAoeenato noMMepneenato 6ama. 

1099. 06b usMfbueniu yemaea HcKoecKato noMMqpnecnaw donna. 
UOO. 06b MMtbHeHiu yemaea anmonepnato o 6u f*e me a Pyecno* 

EoAmi&cnaio eawnnato eaeoda eb Pu\n>. 

1101. 06b usMibneniu yemaea HuotceiopodenthGaMapdnato ***&»*- 
nato 6anna. 

1102. paeptbtueHiu MxAuncnoMy ythsdnomy cubedy, fepfmtoe- 
choH ty&, omnptAeamb eacfbdauM eb m. uoHMtb. 

1108. npu3wm Hoeo6paHueeb 1895 %. no %y6epuijua u o6Aacm*m . 



Digitized by 



Google 



~1 



— cclxxxyi — 

19 aBryera J» 144. 

1104. 06% ymeepoicdeHiu ycmaea moeapuutecmea ApxanieAbCKo- 
MypManctcaio cponnato napoxodcmea. 

1106. 06% ymeepotcdemu ycmaea othqecmea saeoda omeynopnuxb 
usdfMvH M. A. KoeoAeecKato. 

U aBryera Jtf 145. 

1106. 06% ymeepoicdeHiu ycmaea moeapniqecima 6ar npouseod- 
cmea u npodaotcu cmpoumeA%Hux% MamepiaA06% B. K. IHano%UHUKoe%, 

M. B. 1CjIHOK06% u K*. 

1107. 06% ynpeMdeuiu aKuionepnato o6uiecmea nepeempaxoea 
hi* nod% HaeeaweMi: n 06utecmea Pyccnato nepecmpaxoeaHin n u 06% 
ymeepoicdeHiu ycmaea cew o6utecmea. 

1108. 06b ymeepoicdeHiu ycmaea moeapuutecmea Bume6cKux% 
eodonpoeodoe%. 

1109. 06b yeeAuneniu ochoshuw nanumcua Mocxoecicato moea- 
putqecmea pesunoeou ManyfiaKmypbt, 

1110. codepotcaniu 2-xo 3a6a#tcajtt>CKaio noAKa e% tuecmucamen^ 
HOMt cocmaetb. 

22 aBryera M 146. 

1U1 06% yeeAuneniu c% 1895 toda, npeduma na codepotcauie to- 
podenato u ceAbcxaw dyxoeencmea. 

1112. 06% ynpeo/cdmiu noeoti doAotcnocmu HUHoenuna oco6bm> no- 
nopyneHiu npu 06n>p%-lIpoKypoptb Cdmrmuiuato Cunoda. 

1118. Hwtcomopwcb u3MfbHeHMX% e% odMUHucmpamuenoMb yc- 
mpotlcmm AMypcnaio msanbaio eoucna u Oah ymoepotcdenifi tutnama 
ynpaeAenia otcpytu maw dice eo&cna. 

1114. 06% omueceniu Keapmupnato doeojvbcmeia odunHoduamu 
cmaptuuzb OKOAomoHHt*x% nadsupameAeu BaputaecKoU topodcKOtl no- 
auwu na neapmupntAti c6op% e% t. Baptuasn,. 

1115. npuceoeuiu OKMida codepotcauie ycmameAemoU nowma- 
my C-ILemep6ypxcKaio rpadoHancu^cmea doAotcnocmu unoiceHeprb jtexa- 
Huna. 

1116. nepedantb e% etbdfbnie i. CeeacmonoAfl nepeoti oepcmbt 
n>OKHo6epeoicHato wocce. 

1117. nepedantt e% e*hd>mie adMunucmpauiu KapcKOu o6aoc- 
emu deyxb ynacmKoe% xpyHtnoeoii dopoiu, npoAeiaiouteu e% doAunn* jp#6- 
ku HcnaHdep%-0y. 

1118. paexodtb na peMOHmnun u cmpoumeAbHHH pafomu e% 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cclxxxvii— 

nodmdoMcmeemmxb BuAemcoMy npune&y o6u^eemeennato npusptbni* 
(knoytodnuxb saeedenixxh i. Bummo. 

1119. 06b ymeepotcdeniu xumama EaKuncnato topodenmo no*u- 
ne&acato ynpaeAema. 

1120. npodxeniu cpoxa wccnAoamawu n EepMmcKow mmhmo 
KOHmopwo Buumeeeutcato ummum, KpeMenewcato yn>sda, Boakhskou 
%y6epniu. 

1121. 06% ymeepotcdeniu npaeuAb o npieMtb 6oM>nurb et ncttxi- 
ampunecKoe omdtbtenie IIemep6yptCKa%o HmoMeectmo eommtAO %oc- 
numaAX na nandonepcmH mtbcma. 

1122. 06b ymeepotcdeniu xumama AmypcKmo kowhhmo noma 
u Ajm/pckom Koaantxio dueuaiona. 

1128. 06b ynpeotcdeniu doAotcnoemu apxumexmopa HMnepcmop- 
cKoti ozomt*. 

1124. OnpvHjmiu E%o HMnepamopcKUMb Bttconccmeom Be*u- 
KUMb EtisseMb AteKcaudpoMb MuzawtoeuneMb KpoMnum ad txaw o6- 
fqecmea Mo6umeAed oxomu nodb eeoe Aexycmtbtfwee noicpoeumeM- 
cmeo. 

1125. 06% ymeepotcdeniu npaeuAi 6ah mopwetu numtXMu en *w- 
otmvtxb ewmtATb Aaenaam. 

1126. 06b usMfmeniu yemaea moeaptmfecmea KcmnepodCtmto 
eeetuoeaxapneno meoda. 

1127. 06b yeeAuneniu Aunnato cocmaea Oocmeuvm* m ttm mnn . 

1128. 06b gmeepotcdmi* npaeuAb e$umam* ycmameAenncno 2?w- 
eetaSwe ymeepotedettHUMb 1 mns 1895 toda Mtmrnem Ibcyfapcmeen- 
wno Ooenma oeo6ato eb i. Euotenem^Hoeiopodfb jtpMapannata e* do- 
xarh nasHm c6opa. 

1129. 06b u$Mfbnemu mapuj/Smno pascmojmiA meomdy manyi- 
rmu Jlflmmo h Eampemu'IfyuemaHb. Owpem-BfiseMCm otcemsnoH 
dvpow, &m nepoeo3Ku %pysoe% moaou cteopoemu. 

U asrycra JW 147. 

1180. 06b ymeepotcdeniu yemaea moeapuu^ecmea nenawneno dib- 
Aa E. EedoKumotb u JS*. 

1181. 06b ymeepotcdeniu yemaea axuionepnaw o6tqecmea wjum- 
no# MmytfoKwypu Fepmana IDxee e% i. JT<xhu. 

1182. 06b ymeepotcdeniu yemaea Ctbeepo-flouewato topnonpo- 
Mfttajbcnnaio o6tqecmea. 

x. »pcm. o6m. kh. nil 1895 r. 19 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccLXxxvm — 

25 awycra J» 148. 

1133. Ofo ynpeotcdetiiu doAO/cuocmu SAewnpornexnuica et Upon- 
tumadmcKOMb nopnrn. 

1134. Ofo ynpeotcdeniu doAotcnocmu CMompumeAx MetanoMCxaw 
Mama na VepuoMb MOptb. 

1135. npeo6pa3oeaH%u ynpasAenix Hepnuncium namopuHO u 
ofo ymeepotcdeniu lumamcm ynpaeAewi* 03naHeHuoio mmopuno u turn* 
eouHou cmpaacu ouou. 

TocyAapcTBeHHHfi cobAtb MfmnieMz noAootcuAv. 

I. HpoeKTB fflTaTOBt ynpaBJieHia HepraHCBOK) KaToproiD h koh- 
BofiHof CTpaacH oHot noAHecTH m> BucoHafimeny Ero HaniepaTop- 
cRaro BejH^ecTBa yTBepamemio. 

II. Bt> HSM^Heme n aonojraeHie no^ieaKam^xx ysaKOHemft nocra- 
hobhtb: 

1) Ha^ajiBHHsy Hep^HHCKofi KaTopra npeaocTaBMercfi pacnpe#&- 
jflTB no OTAiJi>HKMT> MicTaMT> saKJUHema h nyHKTaarB BBipeHHaro 
eny pafioHa ccHJiBHo-KaTopaumx'B h ynoTpe6jMTB hx*l bt> pa&mi, 
coofipaaaacb cb cynjecrByronpuiH noTpe6HocT«MH h m$cthhmh ycjo- 

BiflMH. 

2) no Hajcosemi) Ha KaTopaHHXTb h cciuBHO-nocaie^eBT. bbhc- 
xamft h HaKasamfi, HasBaHHOMy (ct. 1) HanajtHHKy npHCBOHBaurcA 
upaBa, yBasaHHua bt» ycraKfc o cceubhuxi* jvul MicTHaro saBOACKaro 
hjh py^HHTOaro ynpaBjema. 

3) Bt> cocTaBi ynpaBJiema HepHHHCKoro KaTopro» otipasyerca, 
Wfl pascMOTpima xhirh, 03Ha?eHHUXi> bt> ct. 4, oco6oe npHcjrcTBie, 
no^b npe^cft.naTejBCTBOM'B HaqajbHHBa KaTopra, hbi AByxt HaiajL- 

HHKOB'L TDpeHX HJH HXT> nOMOU^HHBOBl>. IIo ^fejCaMX, 03Ha?6HHHVB 

Kb nyHKTi a CTaTti 4, bt» cocTaBt npncyTCTBia BXOAanb, CBepxt yno- 
MflHyrux'B im^t, TOBapimvB ofaacraaro nposypopa h BpaTB. 

4) Ha ofiasaHHOCTB npncyTCTBia (ct. 3) BO&iaraeTca a) cfiBftfrreja*- 
CTBOBaTB KaTOp»HHX1> 0Ka8HBaH)in;HXCH coBepmeHHo HecnocotfHHEH RT> 
pa6oTaMT>, ct noMimeHiewb hxt> bt> <5ora#ijiBHH; 6) ocBo6os^aTL Ba- 
TopaHUXt otl okobt., corjiacHO cTaTBaait 286 h 296 ycTasa o cclul- 
huxt>, ct nepeBOA ^mt> hxt> Bt paspfl^b HcnpaaaaiDiigixca; b) paspt- 
maTL KaTopatHUifB sHTejiLCTBO bh4 TK>pBMir, r) paapfemaTB 6paKH sa- 

TOpXHHX'L MeS^y C060K) H CT> CCLULHO-nOCaieHHaMH; fl) nOCTaHOBJWTL 

upHTOBopu HajoseHiH Ha KaTopacHuxt h ccujiLHonocejeHi^eBT> Ha- 
Kasamfi, onpetf&.raeMHXT>, corjiacHO ycTana o cciubhuxx, no 4>opuajifc- 
Hoft no,raiJ,eficKoft pacnpaBi h e) nponsBO^TB, no nopyqemio 3a6afi- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCLXXXIX — 

Kancsaro BoeHHaro rytiepHaTopa, ToprH Ha pasHaro po^a nocTaBKR h 
nojpaAU M* noTpefiHOCTei Hep^HHCKofi KaTopra. 

5) IIpHroB jpii, nocraHOBjieHHHe npHcyrcTBieart Ha ccHOBamH nymtTa a 
CTaTbH 4, npe^CTaBJiaDTCfl Ha yTBepatAeme 3a6aflsajiBCBaro BoeHHaro 
ry6epHaTopa. 

6) HaraxBHHEi* TropeMx Hep^HHCKoft KaToprn, no oraomeHiio kte» 
HaxoAffl^HMCH bt> noABiAOMCTBeHHiix-L EWh paioHaxt KaTopaumarB h 
ccuxbHonocejeHuaM-L, npncBOHBaDTCH npaBa h o&roaHHOcra, onpeAfc- 
jeHHLW am y^acTKOBHXi> saciMTeiefi bt» OKpyraxt Ch6hpckhxt> ry- 
6epmd h ofaacreft h w CMOTpHTeiefi noceaenifi. 

IE. 06pa30BaTL, h3t> cocTaBa bhobb yqpesAaeMitx'B hhhobt> koh- 
BoflHofi erpasH (ota. I), bi> paioKb HepiHHCBoft KaTopra, jum Ka- 
payjbHoi cxjtk6u Bt nyHKTaxt cocpeAOTOHema KaTopaHHXT>, kohboA- 
hhh KOMaHAu: 3epeHTy4cKyio, AjmramcKyK), KaAaHHcieyi), AKaTyeB- 
cicyv h AaeKcaHApoBCEyD, Ha ocHOBaHin o6ui,hxt> o kohboShoA CTpaai 
nocraHOBjemi h WExecxbxpomjarb oco6uxt> npaBH.n>: 

1) OsHaieHHHA KOMaHAU noA^HH^DTCA BoeHHOMy ry6epHaTopy 3a- 
(SaflKajLCKoft o6.iacTH — Ha npaBaxi> HanajBHHKa ahbtoIh, a Ha^ajit- 
HHKy KaToprn — Ha npaBaxt EOMaHAHpa noaica. 

2) BoeHHOMy ry6epHaTopy 3a6afiKajtcKofi o6jacrn npeAOcraBjaeTCJi 
nopy^aTB HanajBHHBy KaTopra noB-fepKy coctohhui ynoMaHymxt ko- 
xaHA^» no crpoeBoft, cneijiajBHofi h xosofiCTBeHHod HacnnrB. 

3) HaTOJttHHKaMTb KOMaHA* npncBOHBaiOTca npaBa poraaxt ko- 

MEHAHpOBl>. 

IV. TtxT> H3i> cjiyacamnxt hhh4 no ynpaBJienuo Hoptohckhmh 
CCIUBHO-KaTOp»HHMH h no HaflBopy aa OHHMH, BOTopue, ex BBeAe- 
mewb bj> A^ScTBie nrraTa ynpaBjema HepraHCKOD MToproio, Heno- 
xjiATb HOBaro Ha3HaH6Hk 9 ocTaBHTB sa niTaToin> Ha o6m;eMi> ocho- 
BamH. 

V. fflmiifi X 2 6aTajioHi> 3a6aftKajiBCKaro KasanBaro Boftaca h 
HepqHHCKO-AjeKcaHApoBCKyio arbcrayio KOMaHAy, no o6pa30Bamn yno- 
MflHyraix'B bt> ota4jt6 III KOMaHAt, nepeAaTB bt> Bi^Hie BoeHHaro 
MHHHcrepcTBa. 

VI. OrnycKaTB emeroAHo bt» pacnopaateme ' HpHaaiypcKaro rene- 
paji»-ry6epHaTopa, Ha ycnjieme cpeACTBi> 3a6afeajrBCKaro o6jiacTHaro 
npaBiemn, no xbjBMi>, Kaca»mHMCH HepraHCKofi KaTopra, — nemnpe 
muexHU mpucma py6jcefi. 

VII. BUSHBaOMUfi 03Ha^6HHUMH BT> OTA&iaX'L I, III H VI HaCTOfl- 

maro ysaiEOHemH arfepaara pacxoAt OTHecra Ha cpeACTBa TocyAapcTBeH- 

.19* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccxc — 

Haro KasHETOftcTBa h bhochtb, Haranaa c* 1 amapa 1896 r., vh 
noflJieaanjia no^pas^jeHia pacxo^Hoft arbra MHracrepcrBa BHyrpeH- 

HHXT> .H^JTB, DO TDpeMHOfi q&CTH, d> 3a96T0MT» CyMMt, OTIiyCKaeMHX'L 

hhh$ no HepqHHCKoft KaToprt Ha Ha&o6HocTH no ynpa&iemi), naj- 
sopy h OKapayjiHBami) ccHJu>HO-KaTop»HHXi> wl v&ztbxt* hxt, eocpe- 

flOTOTOHia. 

ym. Ha noKpurie yKasamaro (orfl. VII) pacxo.ua b-b Tesyn^en 
1895 ro^y, otfparaTB spe^HTs, BHeceHHue no HapirracEod saroprfc, 
sa h*ao6hocth no ynpaMemi), Ha^sopy h OKapayjHBamio ccicnao- 
BaTopanraxt bt> Micrax* hxt> cocpeaoToraBria, m> cm*th MHHncrep- 
craa BHyTpeHHHXi> xfejn na stotb ro^i>, a He^ocraioinyi) sacmrB eyimy 
oraecTH na Morymje otipasoBarBca ocraTRH no fliftcTBjromeft arfrrb 
osna^eHHaro MHHHcrepcrBa, no TvpeMHofi tocth. 

IX. OxnycTHTB eflHHOBpeMeHHo Ha o6nyH^HpoBaHie fir Boopyseme 

TOHOBT> KOHBOfiHHX'fc KOMaHflT, (OTfl. HI) H OtfeaBeflOHie CHXT» KOMOH^ 

xosafiGTBeHHHMH, anTOTHHMH h ApyrHMH npe^MCTaMB — mpudwmb de- 
ekm* muam nmmcamb tnpudtwmt pyfaei! Hem*pHadmmt> voufbevb, 
oroeca pacxotf* otott» Ha Morymie otfpasonaTBca ocTaTKH no carferfc 

MHHHCTepCTBa BHyTp6HHHXl> flfijTB, HO TDpeMHOft TOCTH Ha 1895 rOfl*. 

X. npe^ocraBHTL MHHHCTpy BHyrpeHHBXB jsjhjrh npnBecra Hacroa- 
njee ysaKoeeme bt> ^ftftcTBie bt> raceme 1895 ro^a, ct> rfein>, qTote 
tfjuacafimia pacnopamema no HasHa^emro ,n;o jshocthuxi jhit& ynpaB- 
jema HepiHHCKofi KaToproU h no yKOMnjieKTOBamH) m&c?hhx , b boh- 
boShhx'b EOMaH^B 6mjh npomBeaeHH HpnaMypcKHMTb reHepajrft-ryfiep- 
HaT6poin». 

Ero HnnepaTopcKoe BaoraecTBO BOcnocjrfcflOBaBinee mime bt. 
o6m<em> cotipaniH rocy^apcTBeHHaro coHfrra, 5 iiraa BucoHaSme ytBep- 

JPSTL C0H8B03HJTB H nOBetf&TB HCHOJHHTL. 

1186. paspfbiuetiiu EanuHCKoii topodcKoft dyjnm> npouseecmu 
o6AU9cm%OHHt4tl saeMb #b nxmbcorm mtAcwi py6Aed. 

1191. eeedeniu 9b i. Auantb, Ky6ancHou o6Mcmu, ynpomtn- 
Wtto edmecmeeimaxo ynpaeAenix. 

1188. 06b yeeMmeniu ocuoenato nanumaAa C.-Ilemep6ypxcxoil 
KOMnaniu ^Hadeotcda* d*n MOpcnaw, pfbunato u cyxonymnaio crnpa- 
zoeanis, mpanenopmupoeaHM KAadeu u cmpaxoeanvt onvt owx tuiy- 
utecmeh. 

1189. u3Mn>H€H\u ycmaea o<ht}ectnea 3jm yAyntuem* eb C-lIe- 
mep6ypm noMiwteHix pa6osaw u Hymdat<nqato naceAenis. 

1140. npedocmasAemu AuuaM*, npunadAeoicaimuMb KbdoMKcm- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— OCXCI — 

cmnoMy cocmaey ofmuuu cecmepb MUAOcepdi* Ce. reopU*, npaeb na 
nenciu u3b rocydapcmeennoAO nasnaneucmea. 

114JL npun*miu xanumaAa, nootcepmeoeauuato BcnoMOtameAt- 
nuMb odtttecmaoKb Kynene&cuxb npuxautuKoe* eb Mocxm ei noA%ay 
MocKoecnaxo KOMMepnecnaw ynuAmta. 

1142. 06b omnycKtb u& cyMMb Ibcydapcmeennaio KoanaHeUcmea 
30.000 pytiAeu na eoaoSnoeAenie dpeewno McmucAoeoea xpama eb 
necmt Ycneni* Eoxomamepu eb topodtb BAaduMipn>-BoAHucKOMb. 

1148. npuHjmiu Ea3auoecKaio eocnumameAbnaw doma eb Mp- 
KymcKn eb etbdoMcmeo ynpeoicdeniCi Hmnepampuw* Mapiu, cb nod- 
huh€hi€mi eto saetbdueaniio HpnymcKato rySepnacato UoneHumeAb- 
cmea dwmcmxb npiwmoeb. 

1144. npunxmiu nooicepmeoeannaio OdeccKUMb ytwduuMb seM- 
cmeom nanumoAa dA* ynpeoicdeni* cmunendiu eb XepconcnoMb eem- 

CKOMb C€Ah€H0X03HUCfneeHH0Mh yHUAUMfih. 

1146. npunnmiu noatcepmeoeannato tpcu/Sowb CepiieMi B*adu- 
mipoeuMeMb OpAoetAMb-flaeudoeuMb namtmoAa na yspcotcdenie cmu- 
nendiu eb HuKumcKOMb ynuAuupb cadoeodcmea u eunodtbAi*. 

1146. npunxmiu o6pa3oeaetuatoc* orm Hacmnou nodnucnu u 
Kpyotce%nau> c6qpa mnumaAa dA* ynpeoiodeni* cmunendiu eb Ymoh- 
CKOJKh 3eMAedn>A%HecB0Mb ynuAm^n. 

1147. 06b ymeepofcdeniu ycmaea JOxHoecKoil apmcAu Kyemape#- 
mepuiUKoei, Kktnoemcno ynada, CMOAencKoH %y6epniu. 

1148. npodAeniu epom dA* co6pani* nepeoii nacmu ocuoe- 
nato xanwnaAa TypKecmancnato mop%oeonpoMHtUAenna%o moeapuuiec- 
mea dA* OHucmtcu xmmkcl u npouseodcmea pacmumeAtntAXb MacAb. 

1149. paepnmeniu Kb eunyacy 4°/o zapamntpoeaunuxb Upa- 
eumeAbcmeoMb, nodAeotca^uxb c6opy a> doxodon otm denemntAXb *<»- 
numoAoeb, o6auuw& o6utecmea MocKoectco-Kieeo-BopouemcKoit ofce- 
Afb3uou dopotu. 

1150. 06z usMftneniu ycmaea moeaputyecmea PeeeA+cnaio eaeoda 
dA* oHuomnu cnupma. 

1151. npodAeniu cpom dA* co6pani* ocuoeuaio nanumoAa Pyc- 
acaw ofyje&ma npouseodcmea xuMuneenuxb npodytcmoeb. 

1152. doaeoAeniu AAomupcnoMy topodcKOMy o6u^ecmeennoMy 
fanny npouseodumb, npoMtb pasptbwenntAXb eMy onepcmUt, eu*e nn>~ 
KomoptA* dpyti*. 

1168. paapmueniu HjmuucKOMy ymdnoMy Owbedy, Taepu- 
Hectcoti %y6epuiu, omnpueomb aaotbdaut* ebtop. CeeacmonoMb, 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCXC1I — 

1154. 06b u3Mn>Hcniu ycmaea ccydo-c6epeiameAhHo& kocch dx* 
otcume.icu *. Cnjgadza^ KcuwuckoH lydepniu. 

1155. 06b omnpumiu e* c. BocKpecencKom 3amda,Hi# Ma- 
Kapteectcato yftadnaM Ci*t>3da, HuotcetopodcKOii ty6epmu. 

29 asrycra M 149. 

1156. 06^ ymeepotcdeniu noAOdtceni* o MopcKuxb npmaxb. 
TocyAapcTBeHHufi cof£tt» MHtMieMb noAOOxnuw: 

HpoeKTx nojoaeHia o MopcKaxt npH3axi> no^HecTH kt> Bucoqaft- 
meMy Ero HMnepaTopcKaro BeJHraecTBa yTBepamemio. 

Ha nojuuraom CotfcTBeraoD Ero HMnepaTopcaaro BeiHiecroa pyaoD Hamcaoo: 

Bi I^apcuoMT. Cei*. „^t*m% mm eemu*. 

27 MapTa 1895 ro*a. 

HOJIOMCEHIE. 

MOPCKHXT) nPH3AX1>. 

OBTBJSL nojioacEHia. 

1. nocTaHO&iemH HacToain,aro nojioacema npHMiiHJUDTca bo Bcfexx 
aiyiaffxt, &\n sonxi>, no AiuaMi* o MopcKHXt npHsaxB, ho ycTaHo- 
BjeHo oco6uxt> npaBH jt> floroBopaMH Poccin cb ApyrHMH rocy&apcTBaMH. 

npuMibuanie. Othochtojibho saaepoaHia miymecTBa Henpiarcxa 
Ha 6epery h ct> 6epera co6jnoAai)Tca oco6h& nparajia. 

2. Ha totoomt. ocHOBamn IIapH»CEot aeKJiapaijiH 4 (16) anp&ra 
1856 r., npH npHMtHemn cero nojosema co&iDAaDTca cjriuiyiDnqfl 
npaBnja: 1) Kanepcsui CBH^TejiLCTBa (lettres de marque) Ha hm& qacT- 
Buxh jhip» He BU^aK>TC£r, 2) HeflTpaJBHHft <|wiari> nospuBaen> He- 
npiarejbCKift rpyst, sa HCBjno^eHiesrb aoeHHOfi K0HTpa6aH^ir, 3)Hefi- 
TpaxLHue TOBapu, sa HCKJiKreeHiearL BoeHHoft KOHTpaGaHflH, ra hoa- 
jieacarL BOH<^HCRaD,iH uoj^Ty HenpurrejrLGRHMi> $jiaroan», h 4) 6-ioKaja 
&&& Toro, ^to6h c^HTaTLCH ofiasaTejEbHOK), flo-iaraa 6htb AificTBHrejrtHa, 
t. e. AOja&Ha 6utl no,p;epsHBaeMa AOCTaToraHMH boohhumh caiaMH 
W« AiScTBHTejLHaro nperpas^ema aocryna m> HenpurreaBCKOiiy (Jepery. 

3. Jlja saBJiaAftma npn30MT> aojbkho ynoTpefaflTt hah OTKptrry» 

CHjy HJIH JOSBOJieHHHJI BOeHHHH XHTpOCTH, HO OTHIO^B He HpH^traTB 
KT> BipOJOMCTBy. 

4. 06yoiOBJHBaa npHMiHeme t4xt> H3i> npaBHjrB Hacroamaro 
nojooema, kotophji orpamranBaDrb npaBO ocTaHOBKH, ocMOTpa, sa- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccxcra — 

Aepsama h EOHtfmcKaiUH cjaobt* HenpurraiBCKod hjih HefrrpajbHod 
AepsaBH h ea noAAaHHux?,, Ha^ajcoMt BsaHMHocTH, HamepaTopcRoe 
npaBHTaiLCTBo coxpaHaerB sa co6o» npaBO aonycRaTB oTcrynjema 
otb ynoMjrayTHXt npaBH.n> bt> oTHomemH HenpiaTe^BCKoft hjih Hefl- 

TpaJIBHOfi AepsaBH, CO CTOpOHU BOTOpofi H6JIB3A OSH^aTB HXT> C06lK)- 

Aema, h coo6pa30BUBan> cboh pacnopasema no btomj npeAMeTy ct> 
oco6iimh o6cTOHTejBCTBaBm aaHHaro aiy^aa. 

5). UpraaMH npH3Ha»TC«: 1) .sa^epaaHHHe HenpiaTejBCKie cyaa 
h rpysu, a paBHo cy.ua h rpysu HeihpajBHoft HanjoHaaBHocTH, h 2) 
pycocie h HeifrpajBHiie cy.ua h rpyaH h cyna h rpy3H co»3Haro rocy- 
xapcTBa, otipaTHO ot^htuc otl saxBaTHBinaro hxt> HenpiaTeaa (pen- 
pH8u) 9 — ecjra saaepataBrie hjh oTtfrnie y^HHemi npn yciOBiax'L, yKa- 
3aHHHXi> bt> ceirB nojoxemH. 

PA3A'M1> IDEPBHft. 

OH ocraHOBKt, ocMOTpft ■ 3MepxftniH cy^OBi ■ rj,y30B* 

I O KOB*HCKaalH HI Bl KftieCTBt lipi30B1>. 

I\lABA H6PBAA. 

eyxtn ■ rpyaan, HOAjesa^m omaoBit, oaiOTpy, 3Juepaaiiiio 

■ IOH#HCia*Ji. 

6. Bo BpeMa boShh Ha Mopi, ToproBHa cyna (kohmh npnsHaiDTca 
bc* cyna, He npHHa^resanqA bt> cocTaBy BoeHHaro (f)JOTa), Moryn. 
6htb noABepraeMH oeraHOBKi h ocMOTpy cl ij^jbid ynocTOBipHTBca 
bt» hxtb HauioHajiBHOCTH h co6j»^eHiH hmh HefrrpajHTeTa. ToproBiia 
cyna, H^ymia no^i BoeHHHsn, ROHBoearB codbhoS hjh HefrrpajBHoft 
AepsaBH, ocMorpy He noflBepraiyrca, ec-in ROMaHAnpoATB kohboh npe^- 
cTaBjeHO 6y^erB ynocroBtpeme: racji KOHBOHpyeMUXT* cyflOBi, 
Hai^ioHajiBHOCTH hxt. h HaBHa^emn rpysoBi*, a paBHo tomt>, too Ha 
cynaxt whrh BoeHHoft KOHrpa6aH^u. OcraHOBBa h ocmotpt. chxt> cy- 
AObt» pa3p4mai)Tca tojibro bt» criyiyiHijHX'B cjiyqaaxt: 1) Roiyta ko- 
MaH^npx KOHBoa oTKaaeTca aaTB osHaqeHHoe y^ocTOBtpeme; 2) Korja 
ofb saaBHTB, tto to mh .npyroe cynro ne npHHawe»Hn> bt> micjiy 
H^yn^HXt no^t ero ROHBoeurB, h 3) Roiyja cTaHert otobh^hhm'b, ^to 
KOHBOHpyewoe cy^HO roTOBHTca coBepnmTB ^ftcTBie, cocTaBMromiee 
Hapymeme HeftTpajirreTa. 

7. Hai^OHajiBHocTB cy^Ha onpeAiaaeTca no saBOHanfB Toro rocy* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccxciv — 

AapcTaa, no^t $;iaroinE> soToparo cy^HO njiaBaerb hih na npHHa&- 
je»HOCTB bo fyjLory EOToparo oho ccmaeTca. ToproBHa cy^a, npio6- 
pixeHHiia otb HenpiflTejLCEofi ,a;epataBH ear ea noAnaHHHx* juutaim 
m hi i^i.iMiofi HanioHaiBHOCTH, npH3Ha»TCfl nenpiaTejacKHMH, ecjm He 
6y^.eT7» AOKasano, tto npio6piTeHie aojkkho CTOTaTBca, no aaKOHaarB 
roc y r i« i ftCTsa, kb KOTopowiy npHHajpeatarB npio6piTaTejiH, oKOH^aTexBHO 
coeroamimMCH .no noxyroffia npiofipiTaTejaMH CBtj^mA o o&haBAemR 
uofinu, nzR *rro cy.ua npiofipiTeHH osHa^eHBaarB nopjayptOMt, xoTa h 
oocj I. nojy^emji iasHXi> CBiafarift, ho bhojh4 flotfpocoBiiCTHo, a He 
uh uLilio upmqpHTB HenpiflTejBCKyx) co6ctbchhoctb. 

8. HeflrpajHTerB npHsnaeTca HapymeHHHBrB npn HajoniHocTH nps- 

3HaErnn», yBa3aHHHXT> B*B CTaTBaXX 11 H 12. 

9. G^epaamiD noflBepraroTca cyxa h rpysu, Moryntfe, na ocHOBa- 
niu npauajn cero nojoatema, noAieoaTB KOH^HCKaijiH b*b Ka^ecTB* 

10. KoH$HGKai^H bt> Ka^ecTB^ npH30BT> noAJresarb BoeHmia h 
ToproBUA nenpiarejiLCKia cy*a h bc* Haxojamieca Ha hhx-b npeflMeni, 
*po»fe l ) npewasHaTOHHHX% aju cotfcTBeHHaro ynorpefaeiriH KouaH^u 
hjih nuccaatHpoB'L, h 2) npHHwieaamHX'B npaBHTejn>CTBy nefiTpajB- 
noH a;epa$BH hjh ea hoaaahhhitl h ho cocTaBaaromHX'B Boemofi 
KonTpaCaflflii. HesaBHCHiao otb cero, HamepaTopcRoe npaBHTejBCTBO 
upeAocTamraerb ce6* npaBO flonycKaTB, Ha ocnoBamaxTb BsaHMHOCTH, 
oootfoaaenie on. KOH^HCKaijiH bc4xt> hjih HSBicraaro po,a;a Henpia- 
t6jilckhxi> cy^OBi. h rpyBOB*, 3a HCMD^eHieMi, cjiy^aeBt, nor^a bth 
cy;j,H iuft ipysH no^JieaaT'B KOH^csaiqH no ocHOBamaarB, yKasaHHHM-B 
in, cTartaxt 11 h 12 flJia HeftTpaxBHHX'B cyaoB'B. 

npuMtbHome. Bee oKasaBmeeca Ha HenpiaTeiBCKovL cy^Hi HMy- 
mecTBQ upHSHaerca cotfcTBeHHOCTBD Henpiarejw, ecjra He (JyaerB ao- 

KE3aHO upOTHBHOe. 

li. r opix>Bua cy^a HeftrpajBHoft HaijioHaj&HocTH no^eaaTB koh- 
(^HGitaiitH, bt> Ka^recTBi npnaoBT*, b*b cjfi^yiDmiHX'B cjiy^aaxi: 1) Kor.ua 
cy^a am 3acTOTHyTH npa npoBoa* HenpiaTejoo uh bx HenpiarejB- 
CKiii nopri>: a) ornecTpijBHHX'B npHHa^jesHocTed h npraiacoin>, a 
pa bho u\mfl*wowh rjoi nprawieaHOCTeft j&sl bbphbobi, — HesaBHCHMo 
otb wx% KOXH^ecxBa; 6) flpyrnx'B i^e.nMeTOB'B BoeHHot EOHrpa6aH.pi — 
wh K0-iH i iecw4, npBBHnMUD^eMi, no o6i>eiiy hjih Bicy, noxoBHHy scero 
rpyaa; b) HeapijiTejibCKHXT> bohhcbhx , b KOMaH^Tb, — ecjra bo Bcbxi> chx*b 
cjynaxii He 6yflerB ^oKasaHo, tto o6i^BjieHie bo&hh ociaB&iocB 
nucunepaifB 9thxt> cy^oBx HeHSBtcraHM'B; 2) Kor^a cy^a BacTHTHyni 



Digitized by 



Google 



_ ccxcv — 

npi HapymemH djoKa^H h He 6yjerc> AOEasano, too ycraHOBieme 
6joaaAU ocTOBaiocB mEHnepasfB aeHSBicTHHMV, 3) Eor.ua cyna co- 
npoTHBXHJHCL BoopyateHHOD CHjioio omHOBEi, ociioTpy hjh aaaepaa- 
m», r 4) Kor^a ohh npnHHMajiH yqacrie bo Bpaa^efiHHXt .nifiCTBiax't 
flenpiffrejra. 

12. Tpywh ToproBHxi. cy£OBT> HeftrpaJiBHoft HaijioHajBHocra noA- 
•lerart KOH^HCsaniH wh Ka^ecTBi npnaa: 1) Korja rpyyi, stotb co- 
CTgBjaen> npoBOSHMyD HenpiaTejn) h.ih bt> HeHpiarejBCSit nopn> 
BoeHHyi) K0HTpa6aHflr h He 6y^en» APsasaHO, hto o6-MBjeme Boftmi 
ocraBajocB msHnepy cy#Ha HeusBicTHuin,, h 2) Korja rpysi> Haxo- 
AHtcji Ha cyAHi, noweacameM* E0H$HCEaijiH sa chjod nyHRTOBX 2—4 
craTLB 11, h He 6y r a,en» j;oEa3aHO, too oht> npHHavMe»HTi> Bja#&»- 
ii£an> pyccsHiTB jeh6o BJWtf&iBijaM'B HefiTpajftHUMt, ae npH^aCTHHMTb 
Kh HapymemaMx, BieKymHMt KOH<J)HCKanjj). 

13. Hpe^MeTM, npHSHasaeMue boohhoi) EOHTpatfaHflOD, ofoaBjjpoTCfl 
bo Bceotfmee CBiaime bt» ocotfofi Ae&iapaipH. Orb EOH<|>HCEaijiH narheu- 

JDTCfl Tb H3X CHX* HpeflMeTOBt, EOTOpHe COCTaBJJnOTL, COfiCTBeHHO, 

6oeBoe h npoAOBOwsTBeraoe cHapaaKeme cy#Ha HefiTpajBHofi Han,io- 

HMBHOCOT. 

14. ECJH KOH^HCKaiW HOAJCeSHTB TOJBfiO BOCHH&fl KOHTpatfaHaa 

fan cy^Ha, Ha BOTopoMt OHa HarpyateHa (ct. 11, h. 1; ct. 12, n. 1), 
to canoe cy^HO aa^epatHBaeTca amu* jo wren EOHTpadaH^H. Qua^a 
Moaen> nocxfeflOBaTt, no ycMOTpfariio saaepaaTejui, ran Ha caMOMx 
uteri saAepatama, hjh no npHBOjtfk sa^psannaro cy*Ha bt, w\)Th. 

Tjaba btopah. 

Ofrb ycjoBtan* ■ nocjrftACTBUi'E oeranoBKi, omoTpa ■ 3ajepaaHiji cy- 

tfOBT> h rpysovb. 

15. IIpaBO ocTaHOBKH, oeMOTpa h sa^epataHia HenpiaTeaLCKHXTb 
hjto no^o3pHTeJiBHHXT> cya;0BT> h rpysoBT> HpHHaftieaHTB cyjainb Hme- 
pafopcKaro BoeHHaro <f>JOTa. CynaMt ToproBaro $JOTa npaBO 3to npe- 
aoeraBjaeTca tojbso bt> cjy i iaax'i>: 1) HanaAema Ha hhxx co ctopohu 
Henpi«Tejn>CKHXi, ara no,n;o3pHTejBHHX , L cymoB'B, h 2) OKasama noMonjH 
nojjBeprHiHMCfl HanaAemro pyccKHMt hjh codshhm'b cynain.. Cy.ua h 
rpysu, 3a^ep»aHHHe, Ha ceMT> ocHOBamn, ToproBHMH eyaaMH, aojhkhh 
hmh 6htb c^aHH bt> coxpaHHOCTH yieasaHHOMy bt. CTaTBaxi 23 h 24 
HanajBCTBy, ct> npaBOMt Tpe6oBaTb, wb eayroi KOH^HCKaipH 03Ha- 
^eHHHXt cy,a;oB^ h rpyaoBi bt> EanecTBi npnsoBx, ycTaHOB^eHHaro 
sa hxi sa^epsaHie B03Harpaa^;eHiH. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCXCVI — 

npuMtbHanie. Yks^sleeua bt> cefi craTft juls. ToproBim> cy^oBt 
orpamweHia He pacnpocrpaHaroca Ha cayman, w rotophxi> ycra- 
HOBjenu 6yxyrh ocotiua npaBHja Ha ocHOBamn CTaTLH 4 Hacmamaro 
noaoaema. 

16. OcTaHOBKa, ocaioTpt h 3aAep»aHie HenpiaTeju»CRHX'i> hjih hoao- 
spHTexLHBixt cynoBi h rpysoB* AOSBOJiaeTca HaBcein. npocTpaHCTBi 
Mopa h ApyrnxT> bo^t>, 3a HCBWDHemean* coctohiii;hxt> bo BJia^imH 
HefiTpa.iBHofi AepsaBH mh h3t>otijxt> on BoeHHuxr* xbficTBifi oco- 
6hmh Mes^yHapo^HHBiH coiuamemaMH. 

17. no o6xABjemn BofiHii, BoeHHua A*ftCTBia Ha Mopi HaTOHai>Tca 
co BpeaieHH, nasHa^raeMaro HsuiepaTopcRHsrB npaBHT&iBCTBOMi>. Bi> cjt- 
qat nepeMHpia, #McTBia ciH orpaHOTHBawrca, corjiacHO ycjioBum 
nepeinnpia, a npn saRjoonemH irapa npeRpamaroTca, — co BpeiieHH 
nojyieHia cy#aMH (J> jora HaAiesaniaro H3BimeBria saRjno^eHiH nepe- 
MHpia hjh MHpa. 

18. 3a r T,epawiBT> ToproBoe cyflHo hjih rpyst, KOMaH^npt sa^epsaB- 
maro cynHa ofasant cocTaBHTt hpotorojtb o6t> ocHOBaHiaxi* h 06- 
cTOflTOJLCTBaxi> saaepaaHia, a Tanace hphhhtb HeotixoAHMua uipu 
Kh coxpaHemio sa^epxaHHaro cyflHa hjh rpysa. CBepxt Toro, npH 
saAepsasdH camaro cynHa: 1) saAepxHBattTca, bm4ct* ct> cyAHoira, 
BpeMeHHo, HesaBHCHMO on, npHBHama hjh Henpffraama hxi BoeHHo- 
nji^HHUHH, mBHnepi>, cynepBaprb h flpyria jnma dRHnaaca, nokasama 
kotopuxt>, no y64ameHii> KOMaH^upa sa^epsaBmaro cyana, Moryn» 
oKasaTLca h6o6xo,hhmhmh ajm BHacHema flfoa npn pascMOTpimn ero 
bt> nopaw6, pa a&tb npHsaxt ycTaHOMeHHOBTL, h 2) noABep- 
raiDTca oithch h one^aTamro 0Ra3aBmieca Ha cynfffc AORyiieHTH. 

19. IJlKHnept 8a^ep«aHHaro ToproBaro cynHa, a TaRse BJia#fc*Bmi 
cy^na hjih rpysa h noBfepeHHue chxi> BjajrkiMjeB-L, ecra HaxoAarca 
Ha ar&crfc, hm^dtl npaBo npncvTCTBOBaTb npn 03Ha?eHHHxi> vb nop- 
Bofi qacTH CTaTBH 18 h bt» nyHKrfe 2 ynonaHyToft (18) CTaTBH aifi- 
CTBiarB, 3aasjiHTB oTHocnrejiBHO hxt» cboh sairiraama h npewoxema 
h npnjiaraTB cboh newrar rt> one?aTUBaeMiiMi> npeAMerairB h noirfc- 
meHiaart. 

20. IIo saAepatamH BoeHHaro Ropafaa, ROMaHAHpt cyAHa, BsaB- 
maro TaRoft Ropa&fe, nocTynaera conacTHO CTaTLi 319 xopocaro 
ycTaBa (cboa. mopcr. nocr., rh. X). 

21. Bt» qpe3BHqaftHHxx cjcy^aaxi>, Rorja coxpaHGHie 3aAepa»H- 
Haro cy^Ha 0Ra»eTca HeB03MO»HH»n> bcji^ctbIh ^ypHaro ero co- 
CToama ajih RpaftHeft Majoi^iHHOCTH, onacHocTH oitfrnia cero cy^a 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccxcvn — 

HenpiOTaienT> hjh 3HaqHTeju>Hofi OT^aieHHOCTH rih 6joKa r a,u nopTOBx, 
a Tasse onacHocra, yrpoaca»meft sa^epsaBmesiy cynHy hjh ycarfcxy 
ero onepaiuft, — MopcKOMy Haiajn>HHKy flosBOJaerca, no^ jkpihok) 
oTBiTBeHHOCTLBO, cxe*n> Hjai hotohhtl saAepacaHHoe cy^HO, npea- 
BapirrexbHO chhfb ct» Hero xD^efi h, no 803M0SH0CTH Haxo.ua- 
injiica na Heart rpysfrB, a paBHo npHHaBt Mipw bt> coxpaHemi) 
HjtfuoiijHXca Ha cy^H* 6ynart h apyrHXT> npe,pieTOBT>, EOTopue 
Noryn» oBasaTBCA HeotixoAHMiiMH &jul BHacHeEria #&ia npn pa3- 
cxorpimH ero fl nopa^Ki, Axa a$jtb o npHsaxx ycTaHoaieHHOirt. 
o6cToaTejii>cTBaxT>, noCy^HBnmxi. HcrpetfHTB 3a,a;epaaHHoe cyaHO, 
nopcKoft Ha^a^LHHKnb cocTaBJiaen> aicrt, corjiacm) eraTBi 321 MopcKaro 
ycraBa (cboa. mopck. nocr., kh. X). 

22. 3a^ep«aHHHe cyaa h rpysu OTBOAsrca 3aflepaaBmHMT> cyxHoro 
vb pyccme nopra, a ecjin TaKOBHXi> bx 6jh30Cth ff6n>, — tobt»hopth 
co»3Hofi AepaaBH hjih bt> ^iflCTBy»m,eMy poccificKOMy <JtfOTy. Bt> 
cjyqa* 6ypn Hjra .npyrofi Kpaftnefl hco(5xo^hmocth 3aaepa*aBinee 
cy^HO MCMKert, BMicrfe cb imAepataHHUMt cy£HOMi>, yspuBaTBca bx 
noprfc HeflTpajLHoS aepaaBH. OraocHTeJiBHaro cpona h ycjioBift 
npe^fcreaHLff m> noprfe, soMaH^npi. 3a^ep»aBmaro cynpa ottasaffB 
uoRnw&Thca. npaBHJiaMi>, ycTaHOBJieHHHM'B Ha cefi npe^Mert m4ct- 

HHMT> npaBHT^IBCTBOMt. 

23. IIo upHBO^i 8a,nep»aHHaro cyAHa hjih rpyaa bi> pyccKifi 
nopn> hjih k*b ^flcTByion^eMy (JwioTy, oho cjiaeTca MopcKOMy Haqajb- 
CTBy, cb npeACTaBJieHiesTB nocitflHeaiy HaxJieaan^HXi> AOKyMeHTOB* 
(cr. 18 h 21). MopcBoe HaiaiBCTBO, no BCRpuTin noABeprnraxca 
oneqaTam© joKyMeHTOB-B, pacnopaataeTca npieMOMx, ohhcbd h coxpaHe- 
mean> c^aHHaro eMy HatymecTBa, a Tawse, bt> cjyqai HeoiuoatHoft 
Heo6xoAHMOCTH, npo^aaeK) ct ny6,iiraHHX'B ToproBi> vhYb npe^MeTOBt 
H3i> cocTaBa cero HMymecxM, KOTopue, no CBoeMy cboBctbv hjih 
cocToam», He AonycRarorB xpaHema. Ilpn fliftCTBiax'B 3thxt> npn- 
cyTCTBOBaTL, a paBHO saaBJiaTB cboh ho ohhbtb 3aM4qama h npea- 
jioacema, hm4k)tt> npaBO BairB KOMawHpx saaepataHHaro cy^Ha hjih 
ero yno-iHOMO^eHHHfi, TarB paBHO n anija, noHMeHOBaHHHa bt> 
craTbi 19. 

24. YBasaHHUA bt> CTaTti 23 npaBa h o6asaHHOCTH Mopcicaro 
Ha^ajTBCTBa BoaiaraDTca, 3a OTcyrcTBieM'B TaROBaro Ha^ajiLCTBa: 1) 
bt» pyccKHXt nopTaxT. — Ha M^CTHoe nopTOBoe, TaMoateHHoe hjih 
no.THneftcKoe Ha^aiBCTBO, h 2) bt> nopTaxt codshoA ^epaaBH, no 
corjamemD ynpaB,iaioni;aro mopckhmx MHHHcrepcTBoart h MHHHCTpa 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ocxcvni — 

HHocxpaHfluxfr Kbi* c* wweauun^raui iiHocTpaemMH BxacraMH, — 
Ha Jiicraoe pycosoe Mopc*w>e arescTBo ara pyccsoe soHcyj&CTBo, 
xh|Jq jipyroa yipesAeaie. 

25. spHBo^fe Ba^epataHHaro cy^na elih ero rpyaa bb nopn*, 
noweJKamee Ha*a«CTBO (ct. 23 n 24) HeMew&eHHo HSfiini,aeTx 
d-igagftflnnft npH30fio# cy.nr> h, no npHHaTin yiwaaHHHXt fb craTbi 
23 wipx, Hepe^aeTL fb pacnopaateme cyj;a mranepa, cynepKapra h 
ApyrnxB 8a v a;epaitaHH«x , B, j&ia patftacHeHia ^a, jnmi» hb* oocraBa 
aKjujaaca BwepataHHaro cyjpa, a pasao bc4 oxaocamieca ki> jckiy 
AOKyMeHT«, 

2fi. IIoAo6HHa npawua o nopals* ocTaHosra, ocMOTpa h *a- 
aepjKama, a Taoce OTBOfla h c^ara 3a^epataHiuuxi> cy^OBB h 
rpyBOB* oiQie.i^axmsa HHCTpyrajiaaiH, yTBepamaemiMH a^MHpaa- 

TeACTTO-CO^iTOM^, 



TJIABA TPBTBa. 

00t yfJioBlaii h HocjtACTBiaii KoeoHCKaitfH 3aAepxaHnuxi cyjoBB ■ 

rpyaouB. 

27. KoH^HCKania sa^epataHHHX'B BoeHHUxx cy^oirB h rpyaoB'B 
upoHBBo^HTca no pacnopa»emH) no,nje»amaro MopcKaro HaiajBCTBa. 
EoH^HCBaiqa ocranHHXx, no^BeprayTHZx saflepatamH), cyaoBB h 
rpy30BB coBepnjaeTca He HHane, sasx no nocTaHOBjemiD npnso- 
Baro cy^a. 

28. 3a^epaaHHoe HMymecTBQ noflBepraeTca KOH^HCKaipH tojbko 
bt> tomt> cjyqai, ecjtn oho npHHa^esHrB kt> racjy npe^MeTOBx, 

MOrymHXTb 6HTB KOH$HCKOBaHHHMH ITB Ka^eCTB* npHBOBX (CT. 10 — 12), 

h e&ui oho sa^epataiio ct> co6xiofl,emem> ycTaHOBjeHHux'B ycjoBifi 
(ct. 2, 3 h 15 — 17). Bt> npoTHBHOBTB cayroi, HMymecTBO ocbo(So»- 
AaeTca h BOSBpan^aeTca nepBOHa?a*iBHOMy Bja^jnajy. 

29. Ecjh HMymecTBO, noweatam.ee BosBpan^emK) nepBOHa^aJiBHosty 
lua^ikiLiiiy, oKaaeTca npo^aHHrnrB hot ocBotfoffifleHHH&TB no^b BHeceH- 
hhS 8ajion>, to BJiavaftibijy BHflaeTca hojihoctbh) cyMMa, BHpy^eH- 
Haa or* npoflaacn ain BHeceHHaa bt» aajorx. Ecjh «e nvyn^ecTBO, 
noA'iesan^ee BOSBpamemi), oKaateTca HCTpe6jeHHHirB no pacnopaae- 
m» Mopcsaro Ha^ajBHHKa hot nora6nmMB no BHHi, jm(So ynymemi) 
AOjacHOCTHUXt ip-L, Ha ofiasaHHOCTH KOTopux'L jieataia erocoxpan- 
hoctl, to Bjaflfcrajy BOSMimaeTca ctohmoctb HCTpefaeraaro mh 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccxcax — 

nonrfmaro mysjecTBa no ouibnwb mi oam& Bu npe«era*ieHHHXT> 

30. HesaBHCHMO on bhwib mftjeauMuro BosBpanpHii) rayme^- 
CTsa hjih B03M*meHia ero eroHvoerH (ci. 26 a 2^} v nepBOBaTOJUHOiiy 
iua^kiBBy HMyn^ecTBa Mosero 6hti> npacyaweHo ocotioe BOBHarpas- 
j^eme sa ytiinxH, npumweHme Ba^epajmeart HMyi^eeTBa r csr^a 
rtyAen> nproHaHo, tto HMym,ecTBo aa^epasiio fee* floeraroTOaro 
noBo^a hjih ch HapymemeM'L ycTaHOBjeHHun> ycjotifl (ct. 16h17). 
Bl cxywi BosBpantema HMymeeiBa bt> noBpeat^cHHOMi, bha&, bjri- 
^fejt^y noser* 6utl npncyaaeHo Bowaorpaaaenie sa j6htkh, eexa 
6yjen AosasaHO, tto noBpez^eme npoHaonuo no bbh& mm ysyate*- 
hud AOJffiHocTnHXT> jHHix, Ha otiasaHHOcn sovepiiXB jiesaia ero 

COXpdHHOCTB. 

31. IlepBOBaiaiLHOHy BMKknnj mymecrBa, sajepsaHHaro n 

BOiHEXt, CO€70H]^HXl> BO BJKW&mH HetrpaJBHOft AepflCBHK HXH H8H»- 

thxl on Boenmixi, fliftcTBift oco6hmh MeamynapoOTHMH coraao*- 
HiflHH^ HMymecTBo tie BOSBpan^aeTca, a p«bho y6nnar y npsiraeHHiie 
era saAepwtHieanb hjih noBpeaflenieirB, BOSBpanjawea He* una**, 
sasB no BocTpe6oBamD nofljieaameft HeftrpaiMc* AepcsaBir xxh 
AepsaBu, yqacTBOBaBineft wl ynoMaHyrora corxanremH, eon np«- 
toitb TaKoe BocTpe6oBame nocjiflyerc. bt> lexeme ro.ua co ^Ha 
3aAep«aida miymecTBa. Ecjh ace Taxoro BOcrpe6oBama bt» TCTeme 
yxasaHHaro cpoKa saaBjeHO ho 6yAerc>, to saaepacamoe HMynjecTBO 
KOH(f)HCKyeTca bt> mu&sy rasmr, (Seara bh&ii*h BOSHarpaamema 
saAepaaBffleMy. 

32. Cjmmh, no,HJie»amia BHfta i T6, Ha ocHOBamn craTeft 29 — 31, wa 
B03Mim;eHia ctohhocth HCTpe6jeHHaro HMynjecTBa hjih y6urR0Bi> ott> 
ero sa^epsama hjih noBpeacflema, ynjiaraBaDTca hs* cpe^CTBi. rocy- 
AapcTBeHHaro BagHaieftcTBa a npoHSBeflemiift mshod paex«w* BssfcBH- 
Baerca, vh no.HJieaam.m'B cjyqaaTB, ct bhhobhhxi, jtwaffBJUBJsasFh 
HopaypcoiTB. 

33. KoH({)HCBOBaHHHe, bi Ba^ecTB* npnsoBi*, npe^weTH co t rm jtx sm 
AocToaHie rocyaapcraa. IIpe^MeTaH* samr* nponsBOflHTca anjbBBA h 

3aT*Ml> rt HST. HHXT>, EOTOpHO H0p€R0e B*fl0MCTBO H6 HpHSHaeTB 

HysmnrB ocTaBHTB sa co6o», npo^ancra t% ny6j*OTHHri> Topron. 
Bnb nowh h jpyroirfc cory^a* sa sa^epsame oeHaTOHHaro HBtyn^ecTBa 
Bia^aeTca npnsoBoe B03Harpa»^;eHie. 

npum^mnie. Oi^Hsa h npo^asa HpHSOBi npoH3BO,piTca Ha ocH0- 
BamH npaBHJTB, HSAaBaenHXTb ynpaBiajonpofb MopatHftTB MEHsei^ 
ctbomi>, no corjamemD cb mhhhctpoitl 4>HHaHCOBT>. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— ccc — 

34. OraocHTeiBHO ot6hthxt> otb HenpiaTejia pyccKHX'B h hho- 
crpaHHHX'L cy^OFB h rpy303i>, a Tanse OTBoaa h c^aro araxx 
cyAOBi» h rpysoB-B, co6juoAa»Tca o6m;ia npaBttia o saflepacamH, ot- 
boa* h c^aH* HenpiaTejQ»CKHX , B h noAOspHT&iBHHX'B cyjoBt h raze- 
cjixyBOin.w oco6ua nocraHOBjema: 1) OT^HToe on HenpiaTexa 
HMymecTBo, xoTa 6u h KOH$HCKOBaHHoe yate HenpiaTejewB m> rewe- 
ctk& npnsa, BOspan^aeTca, no onpeakieHiro npHSOBaro cy.ua, nepBO- 
Haqa^LHOMy BJKytfuBijy, ct> BosjoxemesTB Ha Hero ynjiam npHSOBaro 
BOSHarpajKAema sa on6ime h BUSBaHHHX'B (yr6nmewh HSAepseK'B, vh 
ciynai ace Haxoamema Ha otChthx-b cyaaxB raiymecTBa, npimaA- 
jesan^aro HenpiflTexD, HMymecTBO bto npnsHaeTca npnsoifB h noj- 
BepraeTCfl KOH<j)HCKaii;iH, Ha o6m,eHx ocHOBaHiH; 2) orfHTue on He- 
npiaTeaa pyccRie RaseHHue cyna h rpysH BOSBpama»Tca ws> sasHy 
6e3i> yqacria cyna, no pacnopa&eHhD nojpesan^aro Mopcsaro Haqajb- 
CTBa, h 3) tT6nToe orb HenpiaTejia nuym;ecTBo HHocrpaHHaro Bia- 
jtfuLiia BOSBpamaeTca eMy 6e» ynjaTU hbtl npH30Baro BOSHarpaaxe- 
Hia h HSAepaeKt sa OTfiHTie, ecjin 6y < nerB aoKasaHo, *rro HMymecrBO 

3TO He MOIMO 6HTB IipHSHaHO 3aROHHUMl> npH30MT> cb ctopohu He- 

npiaTeja, a no&te&ajo ocBofoacfleHii); bt> 9tomt> cjiyqai sosHarpaame- 
Hia sa OTCmie He nponsBOAHTCfl. 

FASKbJTb BTOPOft. 

npH30B0Hi B03HarpaxA6Hin. 

TlABA HEPBAfl. 

npaBt Ha npi30Boe B03narpaxA6Hie. 

35. UpHSOBoe BOSHarpa&Aeme HasHaqaerca rhwh qacrairB cfaoTa 
(acnaApfe, OTpaay hjh cyxavb), botopumh npoHSBe^eno saflepataBrie 
hjh or6wne npnsa, mh KOTopna, bo Bpeaia sa^epataala hjih ot6htlh 
ynacTBOBaJH b*b coBOKynmrn cb hhmh qacTHMH bo6hhhx , b A&ftcrBiax'B, 
xr6o npncyTCTBieMt cbohm-b co^feftCTBOuaJiH hx*b ycnixy. 

36. HanajiBHHEH acKa^pB h OTpa^OBt no.iyqaroT-B aojd h8t> Bcasaro 
npHSOBaro BOSHarpa&Aenia, HasHaqaeMaro cocTaanpurB no^ hx*b 
KOMaH^oK) qacraarB (Jnora. Ilpoqie cjyatain,ie Hopcnaro BiftOMCTBa, 
bt> tomt> raorb h BOJBHOHaeMHue, npiotiptouorB npaBO Ha aojud 
H3i> npHSOBaro B03Harpaac,a;eHia, HasHaiaeaiaro qacraMfe <juoTa, Tor^a 
tojbeo, Bor^a cjtysan^ie cin, bo BpeMa sa^epsama hjih OTfiHTia npHsa 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCCI — 

HaxoAHjracL Ha jrano vh othtb nacTax'L, hih, cocroa vh chxt> ?acTaxi> 
Ha cjyattife, He Haxo^uHCB bt> hhxt> Ha xanfl BCii^cTBie nojy^eH- 
hmxt>, sa Bpeiw aaHHoft boShh, pam> hjh piiii hjih BCjiiflCTBie 

OTKOMaHAHpOBaEdH CB B06HH0D IlfclLK). 

37. HaxoAHBmieca Ha BoeHHircL cyaaxx cyxonyrHHa Boftcxa 
npio<5ptTai)TTb npaBO Ha aojd H3x npH30Baro BosHarpaatAema Tor^a 
tojilko, Kor^a npHHHMajH nenocpe^CTBeHHoe ynacTie bi> saAepacaHin 

HJH OT6HTiH HpHSa MH BT> COBOSyHHUXl> CL MOpCKHMH ROMaH£aMH, 

bo speuH TaRoro saAepsama hjih oTtfwria, BoeHHtixt AbftcrBiaxi*. 

38. HesaBHCHHO on. jramt, 03Ha?eHHHX'i> bt> cTaTLaxx 35 — 37, 
npaBO Ha aojd hst> npHSOBaro BosHarpaaaeHia npeacraiuaeTca 
jno^airB, OTKpuBfflHMt nprat AQCTaMemeMX o HeMi> cBiflimfl h 
ysasanift MopcKoaiy HaqajBCTBy, xfcra 6u jnma cm h He y^acrBOBajra 
vh saaepaamH h.ih otChtih npnsa. 

39. Rom hst> npnaoBaro B03Harpa»,n;eHia HasHaTODTca 03Ha?eH- 
HinfB vh cusLTharh 35 — 37 JHn,aMT> no t4mt> qHHaMt, SBaHiaMt hjih 

AOJUKHOCTaMl>, Vh KOHXT> JlHD,a CUE COCTOflJH BO BpeMH Sa^epHUtHia 

hjih OT^HTia npasa. 

40. Jtajy, oropHBineMy npisvh (ct. 38), npoH3Bo,piTca Herape npo- 
neHra vh HasHaneHHoft, sa ycraHOBJieHHUMH BNieTaMH (ct. 46), cysmu 
npHSOBaro BosHarpaaaeHia. 

41. ^ojra, npH^HTaDHuaca jraijairB, yneprnHMx nocjii coBepmeHia 
AificTBift, sa KOTopua HasHa^eHo npnsoBoe B03Harpa*aeHie, a Taiiae 
,i,ojih, npHHHTa»nuaca y6HTUMi>, paFfce coBepmema 9thxt> aftfiCTBifi, 
wh tomt> ace cpaatemn, bt> kotopomx #fcflcrBia cin coBepnierai, pac- 
npefliuaimyi Mea,ny BflOBaMH h poflCTBeHHHKaMH vh npaMoft hhcxoah- 
meft .THBdH Ha ochomhIh otfm.HX'L npanHJn o HacJiiflOBamH no sa- 
KOHy; ecjra nocai yMepmnxt He ocTaaocL po^CTBeHHHKOBT> vh npa- 
Moft micxoflameft jhhuj, ho ocTajiHCL baobh, to aojih BHflaiOTca hoji- 
hoctbk) nocjrbAHHM'B; ecjH ae nocjfc yMepmnxx He ocTaiocB HnpoA- 

CTBeHBHKOB'h B*L BpaMOft HHCXO^an^eft JIHHiH, HH BflOBt, TO flO.IH o6pa- 

maiOTca b^ HHBajm.^HHfl KanHTajrB, a vh cjynaaxt npeflycMorp&H- 
hkxt> craTteK) 19 nojoaema o6t> dMepnTUBHoft neHcioHHoft Kaccfc 
MopcBaro Bi^oMCTBa, — nocTynaDrt vh nojtsy ceft KaccH. 

Tjaba btofah. 
pa3Mtpt npiaoBtro B03HarpaxAeHia ■ o ero pacnpeA^iebli. 

43. 3a npoHSBeAeHHoe cy,a;aMH BoeHHaro ^xotsl sa^epaaHie HMy- 
mecTBa, noBjieiunee sa co6o» ROH^HCKai^ix) ero vh KanecTBi npnsa, 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cccn — 

npraoBoe BoaHarpaa^eme Ha3Ha*aerea, aa ycraHOBJieHHHMH BiroetaMH 
(er. 46), bt» cjrfyjyromHX'B pasM4paxi>: 1) 3a cy;ja HenpiaTejrBCsaro 
BoeHHaro (j^.iOTa, htl npHHa^ieansocTH e rpyaH, bt» cjywfc saBJiaji- 
Bria hmh cb 60a, — bt> paaMipi Tpex*B ^eTBepTed ctohmocth npnaa, a 
DTbr cjy^ai aaBja^feHia hmh (Sea 1 * 60a, — bt> pa3arfept hoiobheh 9toS 
ctohmocth; 2) sa ToproBue cyaa h rpyaH, b 1, cjyqafe aaBjra#iiHix hmh 
ctb 60a, — M, pasMipi ctohmocth npasa, a bt> cjiyrafc saBja^ma huh 
6ea-B 60a, — b-b pasMipi Tpex-B ^eTBeprefl aTofi ctohmocth, h 3) aa 
HenpijrrejiBCKoe HMynjecTBo, OKaaaBineeca Ha ot6hthxx otb Henpia- 

T6JH pyCCRHn* HJH HHOCTpaHHKFB CyflaXTb, — BT> paSMipt CTOHMOCTH 

npnaa. 

49. 3a aaaepaaflie HenpiaTejBCRHX'B eyaoBT* h rpyaoBt ToproBmna 
cy^aMH npHSOBoe BOBnarpaa^eme HaaHaqaerca m> paaM-fepi ctohmocth 
npnaa. 

44. 3a aa^epaame HMymecraa: 1) Hcrpediemaro no pacnopaae- 
Hiro Mopcxaro HaraiBHHBa h z&rbm* npHBHaHHaro, btb ycraHOBjeHHOM** 
nopaffi, no^jreaaBmHM-L KOH^HCKajjin; 2) ocBoCoatfemaro no pfciie- 
His) npnaoBaro cy^a, noflBepnneMyca BnooriyjCTBiH orMtffh, h 3)bto- 
Bpamemaro, no npHHa^jieaHocTH, Ha ocHOBamn yraroBifi nepeMHpia 
HJH Mnpa, — BOBHarpaa^eme HasHaqaeTca bt> KaaAOMi* ot^6xlhom^ 
cjiy^ai, CMorpa no oficToaTejiBCTBaMt #£», ajpcHpaiTeJicTB'fr-GOBfc- 
*vm> wb pa3M*paxT>, He CBinne ycraHOBJieHHaxt erarBaMH 42 h 43. 

45. 3a ortfurie 8aaepaaHHHX , B HenpiaTejreMT> pyccrax-B jura hho- 
crpaHHHXT> cy^OBt h rpyaoBi* npnaoBoe Boenarpaa^eme HaaHaweTca 
bt» paBM^pi o^hoS bocbmoS ctohmocth oT^HTaro HMymecraa a Korxa 
oi^wrie cosepaieHO npn oeo6o Tpy.pwx'B h onacHUxi oCcToareJBCTB'L, — 

ITB pa3M$pA £0 OOTOfl TOTBepTH OBHaTOHHOft CTOHMOCTH. 

46. Gtohkoctb aaaepaaHHaro hjih oitfirraro mrymecTBa onpeftfc- 
jtaeTca cyMMDD BHpyroHHHX'B ero npo^aaeD flenerB, a ecjra oho npo- 
flaafc no^BeprHyro He (Jhjio, to cymmobo, na^HCJieHHoi) no oijimrk cero 
mrymecTBa, 3a BtneTOMx hb*b osHaqeHHHXB cyMMi>: 1) TaMoaeHHirsrB 
nontiHBrB, catflyron^nrB ci> ToproBuxT> cy^OBi> h rpysoFB Ha ocho- 
Bamn ycrraBa TaMoaemaro, h 2) na^epaeffB no npHBO^y, BurpysKfe, 
noKfaafc, oi$hk6 h xpaHem» HMymecroa, a paimo no npo#aa£ ero, 
ecxH TaKOBaa nocaiflOBaja. Ob onpeflkieHHoft Ha ceMx ocHOBamn 
cyMMK y,a;epaHBai)Tca &evrrb npoi^eHToirb, o6pan^aeMue m> HHBajH^;- 
Hufl BanHTaxB. 

IIpuMfbHanie. Ilpn BoaBpan^emn oT6nraro on> Henpiarexa HMyme- 
CTBa hjih BiipyHeHHHX'B sa Hero .neHer-B nepBOHa^ajiBHHM-B MaflftjiB- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCGHI — 

n,ain> cero HMynjecTBa, Kposii Kaamj, BosarfuoteHie HSAepaceKB, o.3Ha- 
tohhhxtb bt> nyHKTi 2 cefi cthtbh, Bo&iaraerca Ha BJia^LimeBt. 

47. CyMM^ npH30Baro BOBHarpaaHema 3a aajepataaie upmowh cy- 
^aMH BoeHHaro 4>JOTa pacnpeafriaerca Meatfly -raijaMH, hm^diuhmh 
npaBo Ha aojih hst> oHaro, Ha ocHosaHra oco6hx?> Ta(feiefi. BxosHa- 
qeHHnxi> TafiejMxt jrana, Moryntfe hm£tb npaBO Ha npHsoBoe B03Ha- 
rpaxfleme, flixaTca Ha &iaccu, cooTBtTCTBeHHO CTeneHH otb4tctb6H- 
hocth h oiyatefiHOMj aaa^eHii) hhb»ki>, 3Bam& h flojatHOCTeft, a Tanse 
wkpk yqacTia bt> saflepacamn npnaa, h ajih Kaatflaro .raija, Bxoflanjaro 
bt> cocTaBi> OTflfexbHaro Kiacca, HaaHa^aeTca onpeflfejeHHoe tocjo jod- 
flefi. Ta6ejiH era, no pa3CMOTpimH hxx aflMHpajTeftcTBT»-coB4TOMi>, 
noflHOcaTca ki> BHCO^aftmee yTBepafleme. 

48. Bt cjiynai saflepatama npnsa ToproBHMH cyflaMH, cotfcTBeH- 
BfflKaMi> aa^epacaBfflHXi. cyflOBx HasHa^aeTca, CMOTpa no noBpeatfle- 
hlum-l, noJiy^eHHHMi> chmh cyflaMH npn saflepacamH npHsa, ott> oflHofi 
^eTBepTH flo hojiobhhh cyMMH npHsoBaro BosHarpaatfleBria. ,Ho„iaKaac- 
Aaro co6cTBeHHHKa onpeflijaeTca nponopitfoiiajiBHO float ero y^acria 
kb npaBi cotfcTBeHHOCTH Ha cyfla. OcrajiBHaa toctb cyMMH npnsoBaro 
soaHarpaKflema pacnpefllwiaeTca Me»fly KOMaHflaMH saflepacaBinHX-L 
cyflpBt npHMiHHTaibHo kt, npaBHjiaMx pacnpeflijemH npnsoBaro 
B03Harpaacflema sa saflepataBrie npnsa cyflaMH BoeHHaro <j>joTa, ci> 
rtMH oTcrynjemaMH, ROTopua BH3HBa»Tca oco6eHHocTaHH cjiyac6u Ha 
xoproBuxt cyflaxt. 

49. OnpefliwieHie cyMMH npnaoBaro BOBHarpaatflema sa saflepaca- 
me npflsa ToproBHMH cyflaMH h caaioe pacnpefliaeHie ceft cyMMH, a 
paBHO onpeflkieme cyMMH npHSOBaro B03Harpaacflema sa 0T6nTie on 
HenpiaTe,ia pyccKHXt cyflOBx h rpysoBt, He npHHafljeatamnxi* Hmho- 
paropcKOMy npaBHrejiLCTBy, a Tanace HHOCTpaHHHX'B cyflOBt h rpy- 
30B?>, B03JiaraH)Tca Ha npnsoBue cy.ni*. Bo Bcfexx oct&ibhhxx cay- 
nsjo.'h onpefl&ieHie cyMMH npHBOBaro BOSHarpaatfleHia h pacnpefl&ie- 
Hie cefi cyMMH npoHSBOflHTca oco6hmh KOMMHtiaMH h aflMHpaaTeftcTBx- 
cob4tomt>, nopaflKOMt, ycTaHOBjieHHHM'b ynpaBjarom.HMx mopckhmt> 

MHHHCTepCTBOMt, HO COIMaittemK) Ct MHHHCTpaMH (j)HHaHCOBT> H BOOH- 
HHMTb. 



*. »pHA. o6uu kh. Yin 1895 r. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCCIV — 

PA3 l fl,'M , L TPETlft. 

001 ycTpoiicTB* npH3oeuxi cyAoro h eyAOnpoi3BOACTBi 
no A^ftMi o npuaxi. 

rJABA UEPBAX. 

OCi ycTpofiCTBt nprcoBUii cynowb. 

50. Pa3CMOTpime fliurB o npH3axi» BOSJiaraeTca: 1) Ha nopTOBHe 
h <MarMaHCKie npnsopHe cynu, h 2) Ha a^MEpajTeficTirb-coBirB, bt> 
Ka^ecTBi BHcmaro npnsoBaro cy^a. 

51. IIopTOBHe npnaoBHe cy.pi y*ipeayjai)Tca ynpaBjaromHan* Mop- 
ckhmt* MHHHCTepcTBOMt bt» pyccKHXi* nopTaxx h, wb cjiyrai Heofixo- 
.HHmocth h Hocjii^oBaBmaro corjiacia no,HJemamaro HHocTpaHHaro npa- 
BHTejiLCTBa, wh nopTaxt coioshoS ^epacaBU. $.iarMaHCKie npraoBue 
cy^H ynpeamaroTca npn <|>jarMaHaxT>, OT,ni-iLHo KOMaHflyDmnx'L. 

52. EopTOBofi npHSOBofi cyanb coctohtl H3T> npe^ciflaTeja h naTH 
^LieHOBt. Hpe^ci^aTejiB nopTOBaro nprooBaro cya;a HasHa^aeTca Bh- 
coHaftniHMt npHKasoMi, H3T> cjyjKamHXt no BoeHHO-MopcKoaiy cyaefi- 
HOMy Bi^OMCTBy wh toh4 He HHae nojKOBHHKa. Bt> cocraBt npHso- 
Baro cy^a bxo^jbptl: ,pa ^urena, no HasHarami) ynpaBjaromaro Mop- 

CKHMt MHHHCTepCTBOMl,, H3T> mTa6T»-0(J)HH i epOBT» MOpCEaiX) BiflOMCTBa, 

ppa, ^jieHa, no Ha3HaTOHiK) MHHHCTpa joctriuh, rot raHOBT> cynetfHaro 

Bt^OMCTBa, 03HaKOMHBHIHXCa Ha HpaKTHK'b CB TOprOBHMt UpaBOBfL H 
Cy^OnpOH3BOACTBOMTb, H O^HffB ^JeffB, no Ha3HaqeHi» MHHHCTpa HHO- 

CTpaHHHxt flixt, H3t ^hhobt> cero MHHHCTepcTBa. Bx cjiy^at OTCyT- 
CTBia npeAci^aTejia npnsoBaro cy^a, bt» HcnpaBaeme ero aojjkhocth 
BCTynaerL CTapmifi bt> toh4 mem> cy^a otl MopcKaro stAOMCTBa. 
Ilpn nopTOBOMi. npHsoBOMt cy;$ cocToart: npoKypopt, ceKpeTapt 
(ohb ace EasHaqefl) h nepeBO^HEt, a paBHO nncapn h HHXHie ciy- 
atHTejH, Bt M*pfe Ha^ofiHocTH. HpoKypopt npH30Baro cy^a Haima- 

?aeTCfl ynpaBJ«K)niiHMl» MOpCKHMt MRHHCTepCTBOMT, H3T> 1HH^>, OKOH- 

iHBnrax'L Kypcx ropH.nHiecKHX'L HayKt hjh AOKasaBraHXt Ha cayafit 
cboh nosHania no cy,n;e6Hoft tocth h BaHHMaBnraxca cy^HOK) npasTH- 
kok>. HasHaieme ceiepeTapa cy^a saBHCHTB on> ynpaBjaromaro Mop- 
ckhmt> MHHHCTepcTBOMi», a HasHa^eme nepeao^^HKa, nncapefl h hex- 
hhxi> cjyacHTejiefl — otk npe^diAaTejia nppi.soBaro cy^a. nepeBOflrarb, 
wh cjLjHa/h HasHanema ero He H3t incjra jnmt, cocToan^HXTb Ha ro- 



Digitized by 



Google 



_ cccv — 

cfAapcTBeHHofi c*y»64, npHBOAHTca kt> npncarfe nepeflt AonymeBdeMt 
kb aaaaTiani, bt» cy#£. 

53. IIpeaciyjaTeji), ueHaira, npoKypopy h ceKpeTapro nopTOBaro 
npH30Baro cy^a, ncuyqa»mflMT> no ^pyraMt, saHHMaeMHirB hmh, .npjrac- 
hocthhatb co^epatame, He uenie npHCBoeHHaro cooTBiTCTByDmnMi* 
AOjrmHocTHHxMt jmn,aMT> BoeHHo-MopcKaro cyaa, oco6aro, sa Hcnojrae- 
Hie o6fl3aHHocTed wh npHBOBOMt cyfli, B03HarpaameHia He npoHSBo- 
Ahtch, a npe^dM;aTe^i), ^jieHaMt, nponypopy h ceKpeTapro npnsoBaro 
cy^a, nojyqa»inHMT> coaepacame bt> MeHBrneMx npoTHBx osHaqeHHaro 
B&nne pa3J*4pi hjih BOBce coaepaaBria He nojiy^amnHMx, npoHSBo- 
AHTca: bt> nepBOMt ciy^ai — npHtfaBoraoe ao ynoMaHyTaro pasMipa 
co^epatame, bo BTopoMt ae ciyra* — co^epawiHie HapaBHi ci> coot- 

FbTCTByDH^HUH flOJaHOCTHHMH JHIjaMH BOeHHO-MOpCKaTO CyjtfU 

54. 3adtaarae[ nopTOBaro npH30Baro cy.ua nproraaroTca ^feftcrBH- 
TejtHHMH, ecjH vh hhxx npHcyTCBOBajra, CBepxt npe^ci,naTejia h.ih 
HcnpaBJiaromaro ero aoj»hoctl, npoKypopa h cespeTapa: 1) npn pa3- 
ptraemH no cynjecTBy Aixi., 08Ha?eHHHxi> bt> nyHKTaxt 1 — 3 craTBH 58, 
He Menie Tpext ^jeHOBt, bt> tomt> tocjt& no ojpEOMy on mhhh- 
crepcTB^ MopcKaro, rocnmm h HHOCTpaHHHXT> xbjrh, h 2) npn pas- 
ptmemH ucfex'L ^pyrnxt no^Bi^OMCTBeHHHxi* npHSOBHMt cy^aMt 
xbjn>, He MeHie jifiyx-h *ueHOBT>, bt> tomt> racjrfc ojxjmh on, mhhh- 

CTepCTBa DCTHltfH. 

55. CocTaBT, npH30BHX r b cyAOBT>, yqpea^aeMHX'L Bt nopTaxt 
corosHofi aepataBH, onpe^ijiaeTca, npHMimrrejiBHo ki» npaBMaMt Ha- 
croanjaro nojioarema, no coiMameniro ynpaBjaiomaro MopcKHMt mh- 
HHCTepcTBOMi> h MHHHCTpa HHocTpaHHUXt flijrt ct> nofljeacaniiHMH 

HHOCTpaHHHMH BJaCTAMH. 

56. ^jiamiaHCKifi npnsoBoft cy^B o6pasyeTca (JaarMaHOMt, no^x 
npe^dfe^aTejiCTBOMt o^Horo hst. crapmnxTb KOMaH^npoBT* cy,a;oB*L 
acKaflpu hjh OTpa.ua, H3T» ^reTHpext mTafo-o^HnepoBT, MopcKaro b4- 
^OMCTBa, npmreM'L ncnojraeme otfasamocTefi npoKypopa B03JiaraeTca 
na TOHOBHHKa no cy,n;e6Hofl ^acra, a HcnojHeme ofiasaHHOCTefi ceKpe- 
Tapa h nepeBo^ranta — Ha .npyrHxt tohob'b acKa^pH hjh oTpa^a. 3a- 
ctflama cjaarMaHCKaro npH30Baro cy.ua npH3HaK)Tca ^feftcTBHTejLHHMH, 
ecjiH bt» hhxt> npHcyTCBOBajH npeAci^aTejLCTBy»m;ift h He MeHie 
Tpext ^ieHOBi>, a TaKrae jHii;a, HcnoJHaroni;ia o6asaHHocTH npoKy- 
popa n ceEpeTapa. 

57. Bucmifi npnsoBoft cyjp» o6pasyeTca npncoe^HHemeMt, no Ha- 
SHa^emD BHCO^afimeft Bjacra, kt> cocTaBy a^pmpajiTeficTB'L-coBiTa 



Digitized by 



Google 



— OGCVI — 

AByxt ceeaTopoin, qeTBepTaro wm rpaa^aHCKaro KaccaijioHHaro &e- 
uapTaMenTOFB HpaBHTejibCTByronjaro CeHaTa h ffiHa MHHHCTepcTBa hho- 
CTpaHHHXt xkn*. OfiasaHHocTH npoicypopa npn Bucinein> npHSOBOMi, 
cynt Hcnojraaen> ropHCKOHcy^Ln. MopcKaro MHHHcrepcrBa, a o&reaH- 
hocth cespeTapa — ojs$m> h3t> .nfcionpoHSBO.nHTejieft KaHijejapiH cero 
MHHHcrepcTBa, 3adM;aHia BHCinaro npHSOBaro cyxa npH3Ha»Tca jc&ft- 

CTBHTeJILHHMH, e&JR BT> HHXTb IipHCyTCTBOBaJIH, CBepXt HCHO JHa»mHXT> 

o&raaHHOCTH npoKypopa n cenpeTapa, He mewke Tpext HJieHOBt rji- 
MHpajrreficTBt-coBiTa h o#Horo ceHaTopa, a no %kia,wh> 03Ha?eHHH3rB 
bt> nyHKTaxi> 1 — 3 CTaTLH 58, CBepxt chxt. jm**, em,e h Mentor* 

MHHHCTepCTBa HHOCTpaHHHXT> JI$Xb. 

T&ABA BTOPAH. 

cyAOflpoidBOAcnrb no flfciaMi o nps3an>. 

58. Bi^OMCTBy npnsoBHxt cynoBt no^esaTB, Ha ocHOBafldaxB, 
yKasaHHHXi. nnace, bx CTaTBaxt 59 — 93, fliura: 1) o KOH<j>HCKaiUH h 
ocBotfoayieHiH 8a t n l epaaHHHX r b ToproBHxt cy^oB-L h rpysoBt hjih cymrfc, 
BupyqeHHuxt npoAaatero chxt> cyaoBt h rpy30Bt, jih6o BHeceHHHXt 
Bt sajoFB sa ocBo6oayi;eHHHe cy.ua h rpyBH; 2) o B03MimeHiH y6HT- 
kobt», npoHcme^fflHxi> BCji^CTBie 3a,a;ep»aHia, HCTpe6aeHiH, ni6ejiH 
aura noBpeat^ema ToproBUXi* cynoBT* h rpysoBT*; 3) o BOBBpamemH 
ot6hthxt> on* HenpiaTexa ToproBHxt cyaoB'B h rpyaoBx nepBOHa^u&- 
hhmt> Bjia r a;'kiLi],aM^ h onpe^&ieHiH no^jiemam,HXi> ynjarfe chmh fija- 
AiJtniaMH npHSOBaro BOSHarpaatflema h ro^epaceKt h 4) o onpejjje- 
mn cyMMH npnsoBaro B03Harpaayi,eHia 3a saaepjKame HenpiaTejBCKHxt 
cy^oBi h rpysoBx ToproBHMH cy^aMH h o pacnpe^ieBdH stoS cyMMH. 

TTpuMTbHauie. HopaflOKB npoH3BOflCTBa flfcit bt> y^peaytaeiiiHXi bt» 
nopTaxt coiosHoft ^epaaBH npnsoBHXt cy^axt onpe^hjaeTca, npH&rfc- 
HHTejiLHo kt> npaBaiaarb HacToanjaro nojoatema, no corjamemio ynpaB- 

JflDmarO MOpCKHMTb MHHHCTepCTBOMT> H MHHHCTpa HHOCTpaHHHX*L xbjrb 
CT> HO^esan^HMH HHOCTpaHHHMH BviaCTAMH. 

59. dy^an, vh KOToprat BCTpiraTca, bt> nopaflK* npoHSBOflCTBa 
no npH30BUMT» .nftjraMt, KaKoe jih6o saTpy^Heme, pa3pima»Tca no co- 
o6paaceHin nocTaHOBjemfi, H3JoateHHHXT> m> HaaroamearB nojiosemH, 
cb npaBHJiaMH ycTaBOB* rpaatfaHCKaro h yrojiOBHaro cyaonpoHSBOACTBa. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cccvn — 

Or#ftflEHiE nEPBoe. 

Up#i3i03CTto A*Ji KOH+icnqii ■ 0CB0$0XA6Hii 3aj|epxaHHui^ cy- 
AOBi ■ rpy3on» *u eeyro, BupyqeHBurb npoAaxeio chxt> cy&on 
■ rpy30Bi», jutio BHeceHEui^ m 3Mon» sa ocBoOoa^eHHue cyw ■ 

rpyau. 

60. Ho ^kirairB o BOH$HCKaiUH n ocBo6oayi;eHiH 3a^epasaHUXi> cy- 
Aost h rppoBt hjih cywMT>, BHpyjeHHHxt npoflaacei) chxt> cynoBtn 
rpysoBx, xh(So BHeceHHircB Bt sajort sa ocBo6oa^eHHHe cyw h rpysu, 
CTopoHaMH npH3Ha©Tca; npoKypopt, bt» Ka^ecTBfc npe^cTaBHTejia hh- 
TepecoffB K03HM, h nepBOHa*iajBHHe Bjajckn>iw saaepaaHHaro HMy- 
mecTBa hjh hxt> nofiipeHHHe, a npn oTcyrcTBiH Baajj'fe.iBijeB'B h hxt> 
noB*peHHHxi> — nnaaneprb sa^epacaHHaro cynHa. Ho bc4mt» npe^MeTa»n>, 
on, kohtb saBHCHTt npnsHame npaBa Ha npnsoBoe B03Harpaam,eme 
h ero pasarfcpi., npaBaira CTopoHH no.iB3yeTca KOMaH^npi 3a,nepataB- 
maro cynpa hjh ero noBtpemuft. 

61. OropoHaan> npe;nocTaBjiaeTca: 1) npHcyTCTBOBaTL npH Bcixt 
xb&CTBiox'B npnsoBaro cyija h npe^craBjiaTB ofiuicHema no KaacaoMy 
H3i> 3THXT. ^ftficTBift; 2) npe#CTaBJiaTB, bt, no,nTBepameHie cbohxt> o6t»- 
acHemt, ^OKasaTejcLCTBa h npe^araTb, ct> paspfemema npe ( ncfe,naTe,ia 
cyaa, Bonpocu flonpamHBaeMHMT> JHijaart; 3) npe;vBaBjaTB, H3ycTH0 h 
BHCbMeffHO, OTHOcanjiaca Kt xbxy npoctfiH h saaBJiema, h 4) pas- 
CMaTpHBaTB HOWHHHoe no fliury npoHSBo^CTBO h nojy^aTb H3t> Hero 
Bonra h BtnracH 6yMan» h flOKyMeHTOBT*. 

62. Bpewia h m4cto sad^ama npnsoBaro cyna Ha3HaTOK)Tca npea- 
cfeAaTejeMi, cyna ct co6jno#eHieM , B ycjioBift, 03HaHeHHHXT» bt> CTaTB- 
axi> 64 H 73. BpeiweHH h jrfecrt sadfe^aHifi HSBimaroTca npoKypopi 
cy^a h t6 H3t yMacTByromnxt bt> ^jt jhht>, KOTopua saaBHAH cy^y 
o6x H36paHH0»n» hmh MicToacHTejBCTBi bt, MicTi HaxoameHia cyna. 

63. HoKasama Tixii, ^onpanraBaeMHxt Bt npH30Boan> cyz$, jihijt>, 
KOTopua He 3HaK>n> pyccKaro astnca, ,a;03B0jaeTca oTtfnpaTB nncBMeHHO. 
noKa3ama 9th, a paBHO Bci AOKyMeHTH, nncaHHHe Ha HHOCTpaHHOMt 
aaHKi, nepeBOflaTca Ha pyccKifi asmct. 

64. IIojyHHB'b H3Bim;eHie o npnBOfli saAepacamaro HMymecTBa, 
npH30Bofi cya?», bt> Ha3Ha^aeM0Mi> Ha 6jiHmaflrai6, no bo3mokhocth, 
,a;e&B sae&aaHiH, npoHSBOAnrt ^onpoet rfexx jthi^b h3t> cociaBa ko- 
MaHRti saAepacaBraaro h 3a,n;epaaHHaro cy^Ha, a paBHO aBHBnmxca 
^o6poBOJiBHO (ct. 60), noKasama kohxt> cy^T» npH3Haen> Heo6xoflHMHMi> 
HM*tb vh Bfi^y. Bt> rtxt cjryqaaxi., Kor^a sa^epaaHHoe HMym,ecTB0 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCCVffl — 

npHBe^eHo bi> nopn> bh4 MicTa Haxoawema cy^a, cyAi>, am aonpoca, 
BHisataert na m4cto bt. no-raoim cocTasi hjh oTpaaaert Ha Micro 
o^Horo est. cbohxt* ^jreHOBt, a npn HeB03MO»HOCTH HcnojraHTb tie,*o 
.una, Ha3HaieHHaro jpa OTxo.ua cynoBt, nopy^aert npoH3BO^cTBO jo- 
npoca MicraoMy MopcKOMy hjh ^pyroaiy Ha^ajLCTBy. 

65. Bt> capiat h6o6xo^hmocth, HesaBHCHMO on aonpoca (ct. 64), 
cynx, no coficTBeHHOMy ycMOTpfemio ran no xo^aTaficTBy yHacTByro- 
iu;hxi> bt> xbjrb .rajx, nponaBOAHn,, bt> nojHOMT> coarairfi juh qpest 
oAHoro juh fffecKo^LKHxt . cbohx*b ^jeHOFB, ocMOTpB sa^epaaHHaro 
HMymecTBa h H3Cjriw>BaHie ero nocpe^CTBOMt CBt^ynmxi. .ro^ei. 

66. IIpHSOBOMy cyny paspfemaeTca ocBO(5o»AaTL 3avHepaaHHoe HMy- 
mecTBo ^o pfemema fli-ia, bt> cjyqat npeflCTaBJieHia aeHesHaro sa- 
jora, paBHaro ctohmocth cero HMynjecTBa. Ctohmoctb HMymecTBa onpe- 
A^jaeTca no oi^hkIj, npoH3BOAHMOfi no^t HafijaoAemeMi, ^ieHa cyaa, 
hphcjhrhhmh itfraoBB^HKaMH, a sa nxi> OTcyTCTBiearB, CBi^yu;HMH juoabmh, 
bt> racji He mwhe flByxt. 

67. 3a^;epaaHHoe HMymecTBo Moaen, 6utb no^eprHyro rrpojaat 
ct ny6jiH i raaro Topra, w pkmema ,a$jia, no xo^aTaflcTBy ctopobtb h 
co6cTBenHOMy ycMOTpfefidH) cy.ua, ecjn HMymecTBo bto, no CBoesiy cnoft- 
CTBy hjh AypHOMy cocToamro, He flonyeRaert xpaHema, a TaKae Kor.ua 
ctoblmoctl HMymecTBa, no saKjro^emio CB*Ayni;HX'b wiro^eft, He onpaB- 
^HuaeTT. H3^epaceKi> xpaHema. Csepxt Toro, cyay paspfemaeTca noa- 
BeprHyTB sa^epaaHHoe nwymecTBo npoflaarf* aq pfcmema flfoa, ec*H 
^ajbHiftmee xpaHeme cero HMymecTBa He npe^craBjuieTca Heo6xo£H- 
mkm-l pja paspfcmema ^4-ia h ctopohh hsihbhjih corjacio Ha npo- 
Aaay. 

68. Bt cjiyroh npHBO.ua sa^epaaHHaro HMymecTBa v& nopn. co- 
H)3Hofl A^paaBH, BTb KoeMt He y^pea^eHO npnsoBaro cyaa, iipohsboa- 
CTBO 03HaqeHHHXT» BT> CTaTbflXt 64 h 65 .nftftcTBift B03jaraeTca, no 
corjamemH) ynpaBjaromaro mopckhmx MHHHCTepcTBOMt h MHHHCTpa 

HHOCTpaHHHXT> ^ijB Ch nO^eatail^HMH HHOCTpaHHHMH BJaCMMH, Ha 

m4cthhxt> pyccKHxt MopcKaro areHra hjh soHcyjia h-ih Haocotio Ha- 
3Ha^eHHoe jran;o, Bt npncyTCTBiH noH^THxt, bt> ^hci4 He Meffte ^Byxi>, 

nO B03M0SH0CTH H3T> pyCCKHXT> HO^aHHHX'L, SHTej[LCTByiOn(HXl> Bt 
^aHHOfi MtCTHOCTH. Ho npOHSBO^CTBi 03HaH6HHHXT> ^tfiCTBift, ^ftjIO 

3a^ep»aHH0MT> HMymecTBft, co bc4mh oraocamiHMHca Kb ufay AOKy- 
MeHTaara, npenpoBoa^aeTCH bt, 6jraaafiinifl npnsoBoft cy^. BMicrt 
ct t4bti», ynoMHHyrHMT> MopcKOMy areHTy, KOHcyjry h-ih oco6o HasHa- 
qeHHOMy xanj npe^ocTaBJiaeTca npHHaTL bt> oTHomemHsa AepautHHaro 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCCIX — 

raymecTBa irfcpH, npe^ycMOTpiHHHa fb craTMXT, 66 h 67 (q. 1), 
Kor^a OEasuBaeTCfl HeyAo6HUMi> BiuKH^aTB npiraaTia bthxt> Mipt co 
cropoHH npHSOBaro cy^a. 

69. Ho HcnojHemH yKa3aHHHXt fl CTaTBflXT> 64 h 65 ^feficTBifi, 
npH30Boft cy,HT» npHCTynaerc> bt» pastfnpaTejiBCTBy ^iia h, npeame 
Bcero, nocTaHOBjaenb, 6e3i> 8aMeweHia, pfcmeBrie o6r> ocBo<5o»,a;eHiH 
rtrL qacreft sa.nepataHHaro HMymecTBa, ^ajiLHifiinee sa^epaanie ko- 
htb, no o6cToaTejBCTBasrB alma, He BH3HBaeTCfl Heo6xO,HHMOCTBI). 

70. Bt> cjy^aaxx, Kor.ua 9to OEaaeTCa Heo6xo^HMHMi» rji& paat- 
acHema a&ia, cy^t pacnopaaaeTca cotfpaEriearL ^onojiHHTejLHHXi. no 
#kiy AOKaaaTejBCTirL, a paBHO HasHa^aen, o6m4ht, 6yMan» Mem^y 
CTopoHaMH h npeACTaBJieme hmh ^onojHHTejBHHXt ^ORadaTejiBCTBX, 
et onpe^ejiemeai'L cpoxa rjui TaKOBHxt o6MiHa h npeflCTaBjema ao- 
Ka3aTeJiBCTBT». ^onpoct CBH^iTejeft, yitasaHHHX'b Ha cean, ocHOBamn 
cropoHaaiH, npoH3BOAHTca h^h caMHMt cynoMt hjih, no ero nopyne- 
miD, mopckhmx Ha?aJLCTBOMT», HeyqacTBOBaBmnxt bt> sa^epa^HiH co- 
craBJunomaro npe^Mert #kjia HMymecTBa, hjth o^hhmi> h3t> .irmt, 03Ha- 
^eHHHxt bx craTB* 68. 

71. Ho afoaMt, HMtroniiHM'L npe^MeTOMx ToproBHa cy#a HefiTpajB- 
Hofl HaitioHajrBHocTH hjih ToproBUH cy^a, HanJoHajBHOCTB kohxt> npea- 
CTaBjaeTCH cnopHoio, hjih rpysH Taraxt cyflOBt, ecjra bt> cocraBt 03- 

HaTCHHHX r b rpy30Bt BXOJSfiTh HHHe, He3aBHCHM0 OTT. BOeHHOftKOHTpa- 

6aH^H, npcpieTN, nopTOBoft npnsoBoft cy^B, bt, cjynai OTcyrcTBia 
nepBOHa^ajiLHHXt BJia^ijiLi;eBT> 3a^ep»aHHaro HMym.ecTBa, .nkiaert 
BH30Bt chxx Baa.aftiBijeB'i, ^pest ny6jHKan^K). SMarMaHCKift npH30Boft 
cynt fliura TaKoro po^a oTCttmert, (Jest saMewema, jj^a aajBHift- 
inaro npoH3BOACTBa wl 6jH«afimift nopTOBoft npnsoBofl cy^, coxpa- 
wn upaBO npHHHMaTB no OTHomeHJi) Kh 3aAep»aHH0My HMymecTBy, 
KOTopoe He 6ujo ocBo6oam;eHo ^larMaHCKHMi, cyAoars Ha ocHOBamn 
CTaTBH 69, npe^ycMOTpiHHiw bt> CTaTBaxt 66 h 67 (q. 1) MipH, Kor^a 
OKaaeTca HeyflofinHMt BH»H,n,aTB npHHaria araxt MipT> co cTopomi 
nopTOBaro npnsoBaro cy.ua. 

72. OsHa^eHHHMH bt> cTaTBt 71 ny6.iHKaijiaMH nepBOHa^ajrBHwe 
BJiaA&rmu sa^epaaHHaro HMymecTBa hjh hxt> noBipeHHHe npnrjia- 
maiOTCH HBHTBca bt> nopTOBoft npnsoBofl cyii> h npe^CTaBHTB eMy hm4- 
©miacji y hhxt> no xbxy ^OKasaTe^BCTBa bt> Te^eme HasHaqeHHaro 
bt, nyfijontaniH cpoEa. CpoKt stotb onpeA'hJHeTca cy^oMt cooTBiT- 
CTBeHHO irfecTy ero Haxo»^ema h ^pyrHWL o6cToaTejBCTBaM r B, ho ho 
Moacen> 6htb MeHie o^Horo whcanfl h 6oj[4e neTiipexi, whcaj\em> co 



Digitized by 



Google 



_ cccx — 

AH& nocjEi^Hefi nytfjraKaijiH. HyfijiHBaniH neiaTajDTca TpoeKpaTHo Kb 
Tpexb, cjiAyromnxt o^nm. aa .npyrHMt, HOMepaxx n IIpaBHTej&CTBeH- 
Haro BicTHHKa a h AByxi>, m&awdeMUXh bt» Poccin Ha HHOCTpaHHHXi» 
a3BiKaxT», ra3en» — no Bu6opy ynpaBJiaiomaro mopckhmi. MHHHCTep- 
ctbomt*. Bl cjcpia/b Ha^otiHocTH, TeKcn* nyfijHKaniH Moaert 6htbco- 
o6maean> bt» pe.aiaKU.iH rasert no Tejierpa<J>y. Pacxo^H no BH30Bain> 
Tpe3i> nyfijHKai^in nponsBOA^Tca nsi> cyMMH, uupy^eHHOft nocpeacTBOin* 
npo^aacn npnsa, ecjra ae npnat iipo^aa* noABepmypt He 6hjtl, to 
h3t> cpe^cTBi* rocynapcTBeHHaro Ka3Ha^eficTBa, npn^eirL, Bt nocxfeA- 
HeMT> cjryiai, nponsBeAesHud pacxo^x jh6o BiwHTaeTca h3t>ctohmo- 
cth npnsa (ct, 46, npHM.), jh6o npHHHMaeTca) Ha cierb KasHU 
(ct. 82). 

73. 3ac4Aame %iui pasp&meHia no cymecTBy afcia, no KoeMy ycra- 
HOMeHt BH80Bt nepBOHa^ajibHiixx BA&xhjibupwb saflepaamaro HMy- 
m,ecTBa qpest ny6jrHEanra, HasHanaeTca He pafffce hbkh chxt> Baa- 
,flCfcjBijeBT» jh6o hxt. noBipeHHHXi. hjih HCTeTOHiH cpoKa, onpe^fcieH- 
naro .hjlh TaKoii hbkh bt> u)6.iHKauiaxT>. 

74. Pa36HpaTejbCTBO bt> npnsoBOMt cy^t HaraHaeTCfl AO&iaAoan* 
o^Horo h3t> MjeHOBx cyja, Haiararom.ar > o6croaTejn>CTBa ^kia. IIo 
o6i>HCHeHiH flOK-iaflHUKOirb cymecTBa jtfurb, cya,?. BHCjymaBaerE o&h- 
HCHemH npoKypopa h rfexx y^acTByrom.tet bt> ;$jrfc jhd^, HOTopra 
abhj[H£b bt» 3aci^;aHie. Onpej&iHB'i., no BHyTpeHHesiy ydfoaaemi), 3Ha- 
qeme h oTHocHTejfcHyro CMy HMiromnxca bt» ^krt AOKasaTBiLCTB-k, 
cy^x nocTaHOB-iHert piineme no cymecTBy ^fcja hjth ^acraoe onpe- 
aftieme no otj^Ltbhum^, BOBHHKaDin.HM'L h3t> #Lia BonpocaMi.. P4- 
nieme o npHSHamn 3a*a;epaaHHaro. HMynjecTBa no&ieaaBinHM'b ocbo- 
6oa;i;eHiJ0 hjih KOH^HCKaiuH nocraHOBjuieTca cyflOMt h bt» tomo> c.iy- 
qai, KOiyja HMymecTBO cie 6hjio HCTpedieHO no paenopaaeHUD nop- 
CKaro HanajLHHBa. Ecjth miymecTBO 6mjio pa^epaaHo Ha Bo^axT, Heft- 
TpajBHofi ^epataBH hjih Ha Bo^axx, HStHTttx* hsi BoeHHUX'B aifi- 
cTBifi oco6bimh MeawyHapo^HHMH copjiamemaMH, cy^ nocraHOBxaen. 
pimeme o KOH(|)HCKan l iH HMym;ecTBa, no^t t4»tb ycjroBie»TB» ecjH bt. 
Te^eHie ro^a co ,hhh 3fmepaamH ne Sy^en. npe^-BHiweHO Tpe6oBanui 
o B03Bpa^emH cero HMym;ecTBa (ct. 31). 

75. PimeHin npHSOBaro cy^ nocraHOBJwaDTCH no 6oJUbmHHCTBy 
rojocoBi.. B% cjiyqai paBeHCTBa foaocowe>, Mffhnie npe^ciAaiejUr- 
cTByromaro ^eTb nepeBict. 

76. CocTOHBmaaca no ^ixy peBOjrrouia eyw o6uibjeh6TCH upe#&b- 
fl&tejbCTBywmpmb bt, tomx aw sad^aHin, mb Eoropoin* oaa cocixk 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCCXI — 

juacB. Enterfe ct npeB03rjaffleHieMi> peso-iioitfH, npe^ci^aTejrbCTBy- 
K>nqfi nasHauert AeHt, bt> KOTopud ctopohh Moryrt hbhtbca ,a;jui 
npo^TeHis H&ioseHHaro Ha hhcbm4 nocTaHOBaeHia cya,a, a paBHO 
ofrbttcnaeTt cropoHaMt nopaaost o6»axoBama cero nocraHOB.ieHia h 
ycTaHORieHHiifi ^jia cero cpoEt. PkaeHie h onpe^Jieme cyaa #o.i»- 
hh 6utl H8roTOBjeou He uo^wke ;jByxt HejrfuB co am npoBosrjia- 
mema pesoiDipH h coAepataTB Bt ce64 HajioKeme coodpaaemfi, Ha 
kohxt> ohh ocHOBaHH. PiineHia h onpe^iftieHia cyna c^HTaiDTca o6t- 

AlUeHHHMH Bt fleHB, HaSHaieHHHft RJUl HXt npO?T6HiA. 

77. Ctopohh, Bt tomt> *raaii h KonaHARpi» saflepaaBinaro cynHa 
hjch ero noBtpeHHufi, rarferorb npaso npHHecTH aneajunjioHHyio ata- 
jo6y. AnejJumioHHaa auuotfa noaaeTca, ct npHJoaemean. Hafljie»a- 
maro, no racjiy yHacTByromHXt bt> ^feji jhj|t>, KOJHqecTBa Bonift 
ct onoft, Bt cynt, nocTaHOBHBinifi pimeme, bt» Mic^raHHfi cpost co 
XBs o&bXBAemn oHaro (ct. 76). Bt aiynai nponycKa anexiaijioH- 
Haro cposa no oco6o yBaacirrejiBHHMt npnraHaMt, ort cyna, Ha pi- 
ineme KOToparo aajio6a npuHOCHTca, aaBHCHTt BOBCTaHOBHTB aTort 
cpoBt. Upocbtfu o BOscTaHOBJiemn npaBa anexiHijin no^aJOTca Bt Te- 
neme asyxt HeaijB co BpeMera Q&hXB&emA oirpej^Jiema cy.ua, bohitl 
cpost Ha npiraeceHie ane.i.umioHHoft aca^oCu npHSHant nponymeHHNMt. 
Ha onpe^Jienie cy^a o(h» oTKasi Bt BOSCTaHOBJiemH anejuiaijioHHaro 
cpoKa aonycsaiOTca ^acTHiM atajo6u bt> ^yxHe^iiLHuft cpoBt co Bpe- 
MesH o&bXBxema osHa^eHHHro onpeafoiema. 

78. Ho npHH^TiH anejJia^ioHHofi aaJo6u, npH30Bofi cynt coo6- 
maert Bonin ct ohoA nposypopy, a TaKHte ^pyrHMt y^acTByromHMt 
bt, atai JHiiaM'b, HHTepecoBt KOHxt oHa EacaeTca, e&ra jraija cm 

3affBHJH 0(5t H36paHHOM1> HMH MiCT03KHTejBCTBt Bt Mid* HaXOtt- 

^ema cy#a; Bt npoTHBHOMt cjyiai, cjiflyrontfa chmtb mijaMt Konia 
ct anejLimyoHHofi ata-io6u ocTaBjaiOTca Bt cyni. IIo^jhhhua anej- 
jjn^oHHHa aajro6u np#i,CTaBJjnoTCJi, Bartcri ct npoH3Bo;i;cTBOMt no 
.a&iy, bt. Bucmifi npHBOBoft cy^t, Bt BOTopirit npeACTaB.iaroTca Tas- 
ace h ynoMHHyTHH bt> CTaTB* 77 ^acTHHa aajo6H Ha oTBaat npH- 
^OBaro cy^a Bt B03CTaHOBjemH anejjwi^ioHHaro cposa. OfitacHema 
j^acTByron^HXt Bt ^kii jnujt no noBo^y coo6m;eHHHxt HMt an&i- 
.Tai^oHHHXt atajio6t npe^cTaBjaroTca sthmh j^aMH Bt BHcmiftnpH- 
30Bofi cy^t Henocpe^CTBeHHo, &o ah«s, HaaHa^eHHaro juik caymama 
Bt HeMt .a^fejia. 

79. FkmeHie o KOH^HCKaiuH aa^epataHHaro HMyn^ecTBa, Bor.ua Bt 
ycTaHOBJieHHuft cpont He npnHeceHo anexiai^OHHofi ata^o6u, npHBO- 

Kt 20 .<i. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cccxn — 

AHTca Bt Hcno-raeHie HeMeweHHo no ncre^emH ynoMaHyTaro cpoica. 
HcnojHeme pimema o KOH<j>HCKaijiH, Ha KOTopoe npHHeceHa anaua- 
ijioHHaa atajo6a, npiocTaHaRiHBaeTca #0 paspimeHia ceft ik&xo6u. 

80. Pfememe o ocBodoa^emH saaepsaHHaro HMymecTBa, ecjiH oho 
nocTaHOBjeHO corjacHo ct 3aKjmeHieMT» nponypopa h 3aaBaemeir& 
KOMaHAHpa sa^epsaBniaro cyapa hjh ero ynoJHOMo^eHHaro, npHBO- 
OTTca bt» ncnoaraeme HeMe^jeHHO no o6i>aBJieHiH osHa^eHHaro pime- 
Hia. Pimeme, nocTaHOBjreHHoe HecorjiacHO ct ynoMaHyraiMH sax™- 
HemeMt h saaBjiemeMt, npHBOAHTca b^ ncnojHeme He paHte HCTe- 
qeHia ycTaHOBjeHHaro Ha npHHeceme anexiaijioHHofi acajo6w cpona. 
B* ciy^ai npHHecema TaKOBofl aa jo6h, aa^epacaHHoe HMymecTBo noj- 
BepraeTca ou^HEfc fit nopa^Ki, yKaaaHHOMT, bt> CTaTKh 66. Otl cyaa 
3aBHCHn> .monycTHTB ocBo6o»AeHie osHa^eHHaro HMymecTBa so pa3- 
pimema anejjaiyoHHod ae&iofoi KaKi> no^t ycjioBieMi* npeflCTaBjema 
AeHeacHaro saxora, paBHaro ycTaHOBjieHHofi no oitfjHKi cthmocth miy- 
m,ecTBa, TaKt h 6esx npeACTaBjema saiora. Upn BOSHHKHOBeHin cno- 
poBi» o npaB* co6cTBeHHOCTH Ha ocBo6oayi;aeMoe HMymecTBo, B03Bpa- 
meme cero HMymecTBa nepBOHaraxLHOMy ero B.ia#kiLity npiocTaBjra- 
BaeTca ,a;o paspfeniema bthxi* cnopoBt ycTaHOBjjeHHMMt nopa#KOMT> 
hjh £0 npeflCTaBjeHia o^hhstl nst jhivb, H3t racjra 3aaBHBnmxi> 
cboh npaBa Ha osHaieHHoe HMyn^ecTBO, aeHeacHaro saxora, paBHaro 

ero CTOHMOCTH. 

81. Co BpeaieHH noayrema jmupwh h.th y^pea^eHieMt, bt» wbxh- 
HiH Koero xpaHHTca 8B,n;epaaHHoe HMymecTBO, pacnopaacema o&b ocbo- 
fioayjemH cero HMymecTBa 6e8t npe^CTaBJiema sajora^ n3,nepacKH no 
flajitHifimeMy xpaHeHiro osHaneHHaro HMymecTBa o6pamaK>Tca Ha nep- 
BOHa^a.ibHHXi> ero Bxwtuihuewh. 

82. 3a^epaaHHoe HMym,ecTBO, npnsHaHHoe noA.ieaRan^HMi> ocbo- 
6oa,aieHiH), ho He BOCTpe6oBaHHoe bt> Te^eme mecTH MicaijeBt co ^Ha 
BCTynjema bt> saKOHHyio cnjiy pimema o ero ocBoawHin, Moaten* 
6htb no^epniyro npo^aat ct nyfairmaro Topra. Ecjih bt> Te^eme 
AecaTH jrhrL, co ^Ha BCTynjrema ptmenia bt> saKOHHyro chjiv, hhkto 
He aBHTca ct .noKasaTexBCTBaMH o cbohxt. npaBaxt Ha now^»amee 
ocBoacAeHiio HMymecTBO, to osHaneraoe HMymecTBo hjih cyMMa, bh- 
py^eHHaa ero npo^aacero, ofipamaeTca bt> KaaHy, Ha c^ert KOTopofi 
npHHHMa»Tca h bc4 H3#epatKH no xpaHeHiro chxt» HMyn\ecTBa hjh ,a;e- 
HeacHott CyMMW. 

83. OTHOCHTe.iLHO nopa^Ka pa3CM0TpfiHia Bt BHcmeMi* npH30Boan> 
cy^i atajiofii. Ha pimeHia npH30Buxi. cy^oB'B, a Tasace nopa^Ka o6t>- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cccxm — 

aB^eHin pimemft Bucmaro npnsoBaro cy.ua npHMiHaiOTca npaBnja 

yCTaHOBJeHHHfl ,HJH HpHSOBHXT, cy^OBt BT> CTaTLflXt 62 h 73 — 76 ' 

84. BhchuS npHSOBofl cyAT> bxoahtb bt> pascMOTpime rfext tojib- 
ko ^acTefl pinieHia npnsosaro cy.ua, BOTopua o&K&ioBaHH y^acTBy- 
dh^hmh BTb K^zi jtmijumE. OTMiHa pimema o ocBo6oac#emH sa^ep- 
xaHHaro nwymecTBa ei> BosBpameHieMt cero HMymecTBa nepBOHanajt- 
HOMy ero BJia.a.'kjibn.y (test HCTpetfoBania 3a,iora, He CMOTpa Ha no^any 
anejJTflD,ioHHcfi acajiotfM (ct. 80), BJieiert sa co6oro Ha3Haieme vh 
yciaHOPjeHHOM'L nopa;iKi( ct. 44 h 49), npHsoBaro Bosnarpaatflema, 
cooTBiTCiBjioniaro ctohmccth to& ^acTH ocBoacAeHHaro nwymecTBa, 
KOTopaa ptmeHieMt Biicmaro npH30Baro cy^a npnsHaHa no^jieataB- 
meio KOH<J)HCKaiUR wh Ka^ecTBi npusa. 

85. Pimema npH30Baro cy.ua ofJatajroBaHiro He no^jeacan. f, 
bcji4ai> sa hxt> nocTaHOBjeHieMi,, coo6ma»Tca bt> Koniaxi. no^jieata- 
mewy' MopcKOMy Ha^a.iBCTBy, fljra HcnojreeHia. 

86. HpomeHia, saaBjema, mano6u h #pyria 6yMara no AiaaMt, 
npoH3BO^;amHMca bt> npireoBMxt cyaaxt h bt. BHcmeMt npH30BOMT> 
cy^i, a paBHo h caaioe npoHSBO^CTBO bt> chxi» cy^axt ocbo6o»- 
jaDTca ott> onjraTH rep6oBHMi» c6opoMT> h ^pyrHMH noiiiJHHaMH. 3a 
BUgaqy Konifi ct> 6yMan> h flOKyMeHTOBt B3HMaeTca ct mvb, kohmi> 
Konin cin BH^aroTca, KpoM-fe npoKypopa, no copoKt KonieKi, ct JHCTa. 
Bo3Harpa»flema sa Be^eme Aijra bt> hph3obhxt> cy^axt h bt> bmc- 
mewb npH30BOMi> cyai He HasHa^aeTca. 

OTtffcJEHIE BTOPOE. 
DpOM3BOACTBO Ht.n B03fltmCHiH ySUTKOBt, npOHCffleADIHIl> BCJtlC- 

fTBie 3HAepsanlH, HCTpeftienia, iuG&ih hjh noBpeawiiia ToproBuxt 
cyiioBt h rpy3on 9 o B03BpameniH otGhtuxi on HenpiaTeja Topro- 
bijxt. cyAOBt h rpyaoBi. nepBOHaqa«ii>iiuMi> B.ia/vfc.n>nam h onpent- 
jenlH noyurmnnTHXi. yiuaii thmh B.iajit.ibnaifH npn30Baro B03Harpax- 
jienia h iKAepffiiKt h onpe^t.icuiH cymmu npH30Baro B03Harpax4enia 
3 a aajopataHic HcnpiaTcibCKiiii cy/jOBi h rpy30Bi» ToproBUMH cyiauH 

H paClipOlt^OHlH 3T0fi CyMMU. 

87. ^,'ijia 1) o B03M$ni;eHiH yfiuTKOETb, npoHcme.ninHX'L BCJiiflCT- 
Bie saaepacama, HCTpe6jrema, rntfejiH hjih noBpeac^eHia ToproBHXt 
cy^OBt h rpysoBi*; 2) o B03Bpam;eHiH ot6hthxt» ott> HenpiaTeja Top-" 
roBuxt cy^OBt h rpy30Bi> nepBOHa^iajiLHHMTb BJiaAiamaMt h onpe 
^4-ieHiH no^jeffian^HXt yn^aii chmh Bja^ijiLi^aMH npusoBaro BOSHar- 



Digitized by 



Google 



i 



— CCCXIV — 

paac^ema h HS^epaceKi h 3) o onpe^JeHiH cysiaiu npnsoBaro bos- 
HarpajKAema 3a sa^epatame HenpiaTejiBCKHX'& cyaoBt h rpysoBi 
ToproBHMH cynaara h o pacnpe^ijemH ceft cyMMH npoHSBO^aTca npH- 

MtHHTeJIBHO Kt npaBHJaBTB, IIOoTaHOBJieHHHBrL BT> CTaTbHTB 60 — 86, 

ct mrhsmsnm h flonojraemaMH, yKasamHMH mate (ct. 88 — 93). 

88. JI$j[& o BOSMimemn yfiHTKOBt, npoHcmeflnraxt Bcai^cTBie 
sa^epatama, HCTpetfjema, ratfejni imh noBpea^ema Toprosuxi. cy- 
&om> h rpysoBL, npoH3Bo,naTca bt» nopTOBHXB npnsoBHX'B cya;ax*& h 
Ha^HHaroTca He mare, Kairc> no npocL6t jihecb, noTepntBfflHX'L y6HT- 

KH, MH HXT> nOBtpeHHHXT*. HpaBaMH CTOpOHT. HO OSHaTOHHHMT* jrfi- 

.taMt nojoayroTca jmja, noTepirhBinia ytfHTKH, hjth hxt, noBtpeH- 
HHe, h npoKypopt, bt» Ka^ecTB* npeflCTaBHTejia Ka3HH. 

89. ^ija, 03Ha^eHHHa btb CTaTBi 88, npousBO^aTca, He ocTaHaB- 
jEHBan npoH3BO^CTBa .nixi* o KomjmcicaijiH hjh ocBo6o»i;eHiH .sa^ep- 
ataraaro HMymecTBa, h paspimaroTca Ha ocHOBamn aoBasaTejBCTBt, 
npe,aiCTaBj[eHHHXT> hxh yEaaaHBHXTb CTopoHaMH. PimeHia no ^fejtaMt 
o6t> y6HTKaxi> nocTaHOBJiaroTca o,n£OBpeMeHHo ct ptmemeMi xhxa. o 
KOH<f>HCKaijiH hjh ocBo6oayi;eHiH saaepataHHaro HMymecTBa hjh oco6o 
ott> cero pimema. Ha pinreHia no .niaaarB o6t> y6HTicax^ aonycKa- 
H>Tca anejuan;ioHHHa aajo6u bt> MicaraHft cpoBt, npmewh npHHe- 
ceflde »ajio6i» npiocTaHaBJHBaen* npHBe^enie m> Hcno-raeme o6aajo- 
BaHHaro piraema. 

90. ^ijia o BOSBpanneHiH 0T6HTHxt otb HenpiaTejia ToproBtin* 
cy.noBt h rpysoBi* nepBOHa^a.n>HHsnE> BjaflknataMx h onpe^b jemn ko- 
jmecTBa no&ieatamHxt ynjiaTi chmh Bja^jnjjaMH npHSOBaro bob- 
Harpa^eHia h HBflepaeKt npoH3Bo^aTca bt> nopTOBHxt npH30BHxx 
cy^axx; bt> <j>.iarMaHCRHXT> npHsoBtixt cynaxt flfoa 9th npoH3Bo;i;aTca 
tojlko bt> tomi> Giy^at, eaiH nepBOHaran>HHe BJia^jrBAH oTfiffraro 
HMym;ecTBa hjh hxi» noBipeHHHe Haxo^arca Ha jehb;o, 3a OTcyrcTBi- 
em, ate chxt» jnmx, (ftjamaHCKie cynH nepeAaron* 03Ha?eHHHa jrfc-ia, 
flja ,n;a-n>Hiftniaro npoHSBO^CTBa, bt> nopTOBue npnsoBHe cyp*. 

91. Kt> ynacTBio bx ^ijraxi,, OBHaienHBixt bt> CTaTLfi 90, wny- 
CKaroTca, Ha npaBaxt CTopom», nepBona^ajiLHHe Bja^JtniH OTtfirraro 
H>iym;ecTBa h KOMaH^npt oTfiHBmaro eyapa vulu noBipeHHue BJia^ai^L- 
^eB^> h K0MaH#Hpa, TaK»e npoEypopi>. Hpn paspimemH chxx ^Lit, 
nopTOBHe npH30BHe cy^H npoHSBo^ari., fl ciyqai HaAofiHocTH, bh- 
3obi» oTcyTCTByrom.HXTE* Bjra^ijiLiiieBi» qpe3t ny6.iHKaiUH h, no aBKt 
Bja.a^jBi^eB'B hjh hxt> noBipeHEHXi* hjih HCTe^eHin onpeirfureHHaro 
na TaKyro aBKy cpona, nocTaHOBaarort pimeme no cymecTBy ^ija. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— cccxv — 

Ha pftmeme npHSOBun* cynoBTb no y uohjihj tum-i, ,i,i,.i;i wi, Moryro 
6htl npHHOCHMU anexiaujoHHtw aajiofiu bt» Micjrqmifi cpoKi*. 

92. BosBpameHie OT6srraro HMymccnm liepwjna'iiMMiu.M'i* luuxkii.- 
i^aMi> AonycEaeTca: 1) jsfi nocTaHOBjenm pfcineHijr n BcrymieHiji ero 
b-l sasoHHyD caiy — He maqe, Easi» wut ycjOBiesn> lmeceniji iua- 
A*JbAaMH aeHearaaro saxora, paBHaro Morymea 6uti> npHcyacAeHHoft 

d> HHX1> CJMMIJ B03HarpaameHUI H H:-tf,epffieitI» (CT. 45, 40, DpHM. II 

66), h 2) no BCTynjeHin pimema bl aaKoanyi} CM? — OCtfC* ycio- 
BieifB ynxani BjaflluiBijaiiH npHcyamenaHxt <n> hhtl uoaaarpaame- 
HLa h Hgftepsen. Upo^aJBa OTfiHraro amymecTBa ^Otfjewerea cBepxi. 
ciynaeB'B, npe^ycMOTptHHUXx B'B craTLaxi. 67 (h, 1) h 82, Tanase u 
wb cjywb saaBjeHia o toot. Tpe6oBaeia co cTopoau nepBOBaiaJB- 
Haro Bja.H'kiLn.a. IIpH o6pam,eHiH nojjJoataBniaro nosBpamemK) hmj- 
mecTBa bt. KaaHy (ct. 82), Ha tiro iioextAHioH) ofipamawTca Bcb hs- 
^epatKM, a paBHo ynjaTa npusoBaro BoaHarpiutuenifl. 

93. ^ima o onpeflikieHiH cyMMH npiiaoiiaro BOHnarp^utt^eHiff aa aa- 
Aepsame Henpurre.iLCKHX'fc cyaoBT. n rpy;-fOBi> ToprofiuiiH cyAa»u m o 
pacnpetfLiemH ceft cyMMH npoHSBOAJnui bt. nopToiwi. npH30BHXi. 
cy^axi.. flfbxa. era naiHHaroTca no npocbfii jihai, bxo^hiuhxt* wh m- 
cTaBt KoaiaHAH 8aflepaaBmaro cy^Ha u npouttuoMTCJi npH y^iacTin 
chxt, jnnp> h npoKypopa, Ha npaBaxi, cropoHi.. Ha p-ftmc'HUE npttso- 
bhxi» cyAOBi> no ynoMaHynurb Aixaui Moryrt 6nTbnpnBOCHMU awu- 
jflHioHHUfl sajio6u bt> irbcjaraHHfl cpoEi. 

Ero HimepaTopcKoe BeMraecrao uocno&rbAOBaBmee MHinie bt. 06- 
wpwh co6paHin rocyAapcTBeHHaro coirfeTa 27 unpra Pwcoqafime yr- 

Bep^HTB COH8BOJHJH H nOBeX*JT> HCHOAHHTB. 

1157. npedocmaeAeniu C.-Ilenwp6ypWK0u deopHHacou orient* 
npaea ymeepotcdamb oneKynotn, na&b Awmcmhrn, vty&tomm u frutaMu 
edoet* dtbOcmsumeAhnato cmamcKaw ammuum ipwfiunu Bmdi4Mi- 
poenu Tamuu^eeoU. 

1158. pa3ptbtu€uiu yeeAUHunib ocHOBHoii mnuma*% pycchVMt 
cmpaxoeoMy mm orn* o&mecmey, Cb mMnnmieMb yemam mmo* 

1159. 06-b yMemiueniu ocuoenav mnumaMi jmcKoecmto mmapu- 
tyecmea noeceMtbmimuHipmmaHCKaw aodocnafioiceHifi, opoutemx u 
ocytUKu E. E. (poni-BameAt. 

1160. 0(h u3Mfbneniu ntbKomopun cmameti npasuA* oemoMo%a- 
mcAhHOMb KanumaMb das eocnumaHix dmne& mma6h u oGepir-offiime- 
p<m, naxodueiuuxcn na cjiyoicfa ei fiwnauzb menuuxz ttocejenvm 
ntbxomu u Kaecuepiu. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— CCCXVI — 

1161. eeedemu et apmuAAepiu dueusionnoa u o u3Mn>neuiu 
iumama ntbiuuxh u nonnmxb 6amapeu. 

1162. Ofo omMfbHtb 5 nyutcma npu%o3a no eoennoMy eftdoMcmey 
1871 %. 3a Jt? 256 o nopu/ionnoMh doeoAhcmeiu naxodswuxc* na ocm- 
poetb CaxaAUHib eouncnuxh Komndb. 

1168. 06* ucKAwneniu unKomopuxb nynnmoeh usb 14 cmamhu 
ma6eAU npoeianmcnaw doeoAhcmein 1871 toda. 

1164. Ofo ymeepotcdeniu npoexma donoAneniu cmamw 10 w>ao- 
otceniA o xoncKOMb aanam eh eoennoe epeM*. 

1166. noeom omnycwb apmuAAepMcKUM* famapesMb cuap*- 
doeb na eoteewduyw npaKmunecnyto cmp**h6y U3b opydm. 

1166. HibKomopuxh tuMtbueniaxh u donoAHeuMXb dnuemeyio- 
WfUTb npaeuAb o npou3eodcmetb xanwnauoeb apMeuaco* nftzamt* tn> 
nodnoAKoemmu. 

1167. npuceoeniu 6AaumeopumeA*HOMtf oStqecmey npu dttin- 
ckou fojtbHuw Tlpunua Uempa 0A%deu6yptcKato HOUMeuoeanifi n A*en- 
candpo-MapiuHocaio" . 

1168. npuceoeniu ynpeotcdeunou npu BuAencKOMb otcencKOMb 
yHUMtiqtb dyxoenato etbdoMcmea cmunendiu nauMenoeanM cmunendiu 
umenu ei Eo3n> nwuewato rocydapx HMnepamopa AAexoandpa III. 

1169. Ofo ynpeotcdeniu eb MoacoecnoMh yHUAuu+th Opdena ce. 
Emmepunu cmunendiu uMeuu HMnepamopa AMKcaudpa III, o nepe- 
umnoeaniu uMfwruteucfi npu CuMdupenou oteencnou tuMnaaiu cmunendiu 
umenu nacAfbdnuna Ifecapeeuna u BeAunato Kham AAetccaudpa Aack- 
caudpoema eh cmuneuduo umcmu HMnepamopa Axmcand^a 111 u 
ofo ymeepotcdeniu noAomem* o etbwe-ynoMJwymoii cmunendiu eb Moc- 
noecnoMb ynuAUWb Opdena ce. EmmepuHu. 

1170. npunnmiu nanum/OAa, npedcmaeAennato npomoiepeeMb 
CepdSpennuKoewvb 6as ynpeofcdenin cmunendiu eb To6oAbcKOMh Aiex- 
candpoecKOMb dnmcnoMb npuomtb u ofo yrmepotcdcniu noAOotceniH o6h 
oananennou cmunendiu. 

1171. npuceoeniu odnou u3b npaeameu eb AtbHeSnuun, ofonecm- 
ea xpanuHecKu-6ojihHUXh dtbmeu nauMwnoeanin npoeamu UMeuu eh 
Eo3fb noHtmuato HMnepamopa AAencandpa III. 

1172. 06b ynpeotcdeniu na cmpofou^eucs oveMiano-dopovcnou au- 
niu EoAotodcKO-ApzanieAbCKou mceAnanou dopoiu deyxh doAotcnocmeu 
Konuo-wAuueikKuxh ypndnuKoeh. 

1178. Ofo ynpewdemu eh MtbcrrmuKtb CacManeub, ToAhcencnato 
ytb$da y KypAnndcKou iy6epniu, doAdtcnocmu odnow tcpodoeato. 



Digitized by 



Google 



. r^j^ *^*^"y H ' " r < •?wh™:~* r m^7 



HEflOCTATKM TGTABA rPAKtfAHCKArO CyflOHPOlBBOACTBA *). 

IX. 

loBiui Jiqa bx ipoqeccfe. 

5. 

BpueAeneuie noco&mm. 

OraTLH ycTaBa rpaayjaHCKaro cyflonpoH3BOflCTBa, Kacaromiaca 
npHRieneHia TpeT&Hxx jhijx, CTpa^aioTx i$jnaMx pa^onx Rann- 
TajftHHXt He^ocTaTKOBt h npo<5$JiOBX. IIpexAe Bcero, yciaBX 
He o6o3HaHaerB ycjOBiii, npn kotophxx aonycTHMO npHBjreie- 
Hie. Xoth H3X ct. 659 (,Ta»ymiaca, npocHBmifi o npHBjene- 
mn, MoateTx xo^aTaficTBOBaTB nepe^x cyflOMx o(5x otfesnenemH 
CBoero otfparaaro Tpe6oBama Ha npHBjieHeHHOMx jHi0i a ) moscho 

SaKJHOHHTL, 1TO HOBOflOMX KX HpHBJEeHemK) 6fcIBaeTX B03MOfflHOCTB 

perpecca, Thin* He Menfce ocraeTca HeH3B*fccTHiiMx, flonycraMO jih 
npHBjeHeme enje no EaKOMy jh6o HHOMy ocHOBamio mh ate 
wbrb. 3ar6Mx, bx ycTaB* He onpe^fejeHti npoijeccyajBHiia otho- 
meHia Meatfly npHMeieiraHMx h oaBHHMH CToponaMH. Ct. 660 
npocTO roBopHTL: n npH3HBaeMoe anijo, aBHBmeeca ex Ha3Ha- 
neHHOMy cpoBy, aonycRaeTca kx o6o3p4mH> Bcfcxx aKTOBx npo- 

H3B0#CTBa, KX HHCbMeHHHMX 06xflCHeHiaMX H KX CJOBeCHOMy 

cocTasamio bx KanecTBlj ynacTByiomaro bx jtfuib". Ho KaKx 
pa3p*fflaH)TCfl npoTHBopi^iH Meatfly hhmx h npHBJieHeHHofi cropo- 



*) Cm. at. K)p. (X5m., ra. IV. 
s. vpax. o6m. kh. nn 1895 r. 



Digitized by 



Google 



HOfi, BnpaB-fc jih TpeTBe jhijo caifOCToaTejBHO h HeaaBHcmio ovl 
rjiaBHHXx ctopohx o6»ajoBaTB pimeme cya£J n tto npoH3ofi- 
AerL 7 ecjin npHB^esmifi Bufi^ert hsi npoijecca,— 060 BceMx 
9tomi> ycTaFL yMajHHBaerL. Enje Cojiie Ba»Hii8 HexocTaTOKB 
nocTaHOBjemft ycrasa, saB* yBasaJH r.r. BpaH^rt l ) h Ahhch- 
kob'b 2 ), saKaionaeTCfl bi tomi, hto TpeTBeicy jrnijy ,no3BoaeHo 
y&iOHaTBca a #ase npaico OTBaaHBaTBca otb y?acTi& bi npo- 
ijeccfc (ct. 659), npiraearB b'l Tasox^ cayiaax'B aaBOHHaa CHaa 
pimenia He pacnpocipaHaeTca Ha Hero, h nprajeBmaa cto- 
poHa flOjatHa npe^xflBJiflTB ex Heiiy caMOCToaTe-iBHNfl hcbx 
(ct, 661). 3thm'b nocTaHOBJieHieMx, no cnpaBeflMBOMy MHimro 
r. AHHeHKOBa, „H3BpamaeTca Bee 3Ha*eme HHCTHTyTa npnBjeie- 
ma, a paBHO ycrpaHaeTca aaae caMaa bosmojkhoctb ocymecT- 
BJLeEia. Tofi Ef&JH, pa^H fl0CTH»ema BOTopofi aonycBaeica npn- 
BjeHeme TperBaro jnma*. 

HeyAOBJieTBopHTaibHaa h no cymecTBy CBoeMy HenpaBHJB- 
Haa nocTaHOBKa Bonpoca o npHBJEeHemn bt> ycTajri* aBiaeTca, 
no HameMy MHimio, pe3yjiBTaTOMx Toro oficToaTejiBCTBa, tto 
cocraBHTeJH ydaBa pa3CMaTpHBara npEBje^eme, sasx caMoeroa- 
TejrBHHff HHCTHTyrB, oTJHHHHil OTB notfoiHaro BCTyttiema, H 
coBepmeHHO ynycTMH m% BHfly to, BiipatfoTaHHoe enje pHM- 
cbhmx npaBOM*B h npHHaToe repMaHCKHMH npon.eccyaJucTaMH 8 ), 
nojioaieHie, hto npHBJieieme npe#CTaBJiaeTx cotfoio hotto HHoe, 
KaKX tojibko noBOffB b*b notforaoacy BCTymeHiio 4 ). 

B% caMOMx rftaft, saBOBa i$jib npHMenema? Meayty A h 
B H^erB npoijeccx. Ecjih A nponrpaerB ero, to, b-b caiy npa- 

BHJLX o6"B OHHCTB* MH EaBHXX-JIHtfo HHHXX OTHOffleHifi BX TpeTB- 

eMy JHijy, B noayiHTx npaBO B3HCBHBaTB ex Hero BOSHarpa- 



x ) BpaH^Ti, 06* yiacTie TpeTLHXi jhub bi rpaxj. npon. („2typ. rp. ayr. 
np. u , 1874, kh. 4, 186—189). 

3 ) AHKeHKOBi, OnuTb ROHMeHrapifl, t. Ill, H3*. 2, crp. 286. 

3 ) Welzell, System des ordentL Civilprocesses, 1878, 52— 54; Bolgiano, 
Handbflch des Reichs-Civil-Prozessrechts, 1879, 233; G e n s 1 e r, bt. Arch ffir ciy. 
Praxis, IV B., 180; Max en, Die sogen. oecess. Interv. (Zeilsch. far Civ. R. tad 
Pr., XXI, B., 400—403); Endemann, Der Reichscivilprocess, I, 849. 

*) HnTepecHo sairtTiiTB, tto Ha sto oocToaTejfcCTBo He otipanun. Hajuexaniaro 
BHHMama he oxhhi mst* pycotHX'b aBTopoB^, oncaBiDHxi o npaaieieHiH rpefnmi% 

MKBp. 



Digitized by 



Google 






— 3 — 

ameme 3a ytfHTKH. &&& btoto eMy HysHo (JyaeTx npeflxaBHTB 
kx B oco6ufi hcrx. Ho cy^efiHoe pfcmeHie, aeatanjee bx ocho- 
BamH HCKa, He otfasaTeiBHO ,pa B, East He ynacTBOBaBinaro 
bx nepBOMx afca* .traija, a noTOMy B MoaieTx BoapamaTt npo- 
thbx ero cnpaBe^jHBOCTH, flOKa3HBaTB, hto A hjioxo BeJTt nep- 
BHfi npoijeccx, hto ohx yMHnuieHHO nponrpaax ero h t. h. 
t Ito6u OTpfesaTB B nyTB rx 8thmx B03pameHiaMx h ycBopHTB 
hcxoax BToporo npoijecca, A BnpaBi npocHTB o npHBaenemH 
B bx ynacriio bx nepBOMx upoijeccfc. Pa3x B 6y#eTx npnBjie- 
neffB, — Ha Hero pacnpocipaHHTca CHJia cy#e()Haro p-fcmeHia, h 
BcaKie flaflBffkfiinie cnopn o6x o6cTOjrrejiBCTBaxx, paspimeH- 
hhxx bx nepBOMX npoijecci, CTaHyTx yaie HeBOSMoatHBiMH. H 
Tasx 9 KOHeraaa n$&b npHBjeneHia ToamecTBeHHa ex KOHenHoio 
njbxb¥> no6oHHaro BCTynjema h coctohtx bx tomx, tto6h Cff£- 
jaTB TpeTBe jehijo y^acTByjommix bx jsjkjvb h TaKHMx nyTeMx 
CBaaaTB ero chjoA cy#e6Haro pfcmeHia. O^HaKO, pacnpocTpaHe- 
me cmh OToro pimema Ha TpeTBe jihijo MoateTx 6htb cnpaBea- 
jHBOfl h ^Jjiecoo6pa3HOfi Mipofl tojbko npn tomx ycjEOBin, ecJH 
eMy 6y#yTx npeflOCTaBJieHH bc£ npoijeccyajBHHa npaBa, koto- 
Phmh oho noJiB30BajiocB 6u bo btopomx npoijeccfc. ,flj)yrHMH 
cjOBaMH, npHBjeTCHHoe jnmp aojukho 6htb, hoao6ho #o6pobojibho 
BCTynHBmeMy nocotfHHBy, paBHonpaBHO ex raaBHHMH CTopoHaMH. 

Ho eoor, TaKHMx o6pa30Mx, ujkjsh npHBje^eHia ToayjecTBeHHa 
ex ij-fcaBH) BCTynjemn, a npoijeccyajBHaa pojib npHBJieHeHHaro 
ToaflecTBeHHa ex/ pojibk> noco6HHKa, to jicho, hto npHBjeHeme 
bx cynpocTH coBna#aeTx ex ho6o*ihhmx BCTynJiemeMx, h hto 
bch pasHHi^a Me»^y hhmh saKjromeTca bo BfffcnraeMx npHBHaK'fe, 
bx noBOfli. Ho9TOMy, npHBJieHeHie MoatHO onpe^HTB, Kasx 
no6oiHoe BCTynaeHie no npHrjiameHiio rjiaBHofi ctopohh. 

Hcxofla H3x 9Toro otfnjaro npHHipna, HeTpy^Ho HOKa3aTB, 
bx KasoMx cmhcj* aojukhh 6htb H3M*HeHH nocTaHOBJieHia #6fi- 
CTByronjaro ycTaBa. 

Ha^HeMx ex nopa^a npHBjeneHia. YcTaBx npH^ajix eMy 
cobc*mx He totx xapaKTepx h He to SHaneme, KaKie ohx #oj- 
ateHx hm*tb. Ho ct. 653 — 658 cTopoHa, a^eaaiomaa npnBJie^B 
TpeTBe jihd[o, otfasaHa no^aTB o6x btomx npomeme, a Boniio 
npomema cootfnjHTB npoTHBHHKy, npeflci^TejiB cy^a HasnanaeTX 

1* 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 4 — 

TpeTseMy Jimy cpoEt Ha tfBKy, npeniejPB sad^ame otkjmwh- 
BaeTca, a b* cjiy^ai, ecm orbm hsi CTopoffB B03pa3HTB npo- 
thb'b npHBjeHema, to bhsob'b TpeTBaro JHita npomBOjHTca, no 
paspfonemH OToro cnopa cyppwh. 

Hey#o6cTBO Tasoro nopaflBa oieBHjpro, Bo-nepBHXt, £BH»e- 
me npoijecca saMeaaaeTca. Bo-BTopuxi, BonpocB o npHBiene- 
Hin paapimaeTca cy^OMt 6esx ^HOcymaHia TpeTMro jrama. Jferso 
MO»erB cjiyHHTBca, hto cy^B OTKaaerB m> npiiBJieTOHiH, a sa- 
rbwb TpeTBe jihijo noateaaerB caMoaroaTaflBHO BCTyinm bx #fcio 
h, y#ocTOB'fcpHB , B HajnraHOCTB CBoero HHTepeca (ct. 663), 6y- 
jerB ^onymeHO. TaBHMx ofipasoMx, cy^ Bnaflera b$ nporaBO- 
pinie cb caMHMX cofioil. 

HecpaBHeHHO ijiaecoofipaafffce nopa^OEx, npHHffrafi rep- 
MaHCKHMt ycTaBOM^ Cor^acHO eMy, nprajieHeHie He ocTaHaa- 
jiHBaerL ^BH»eme npoijecca h He no&ieatHTB pascMOTpimio cyaa: 
CTopoHa, atejaiomaa npaBJe^B TpeTBe jihijo, npocTO nepeaaerB 
eMy, wpesi cyaetfHaro npncTaBa nunn^B.me HOTapiyca '), saaB- 
jieHie, bi BOTopourB 03HaneH0 ocHOBanie npHBjeneHk h coctoa- 
me nponecca, a bojuk) saaBjreHia BpynaerB CBoeMy npoTHBHHKy. 
Ecjh TpeTBe jihijo 0T3LiBaeTCH Ha npHi\aameHie h nosejaera 
npHH^TB ynacrie m> #6jrk, to oho aojurho BCTynHTB corjacno 
npaBHjraBTB, ycTaHOMeHHsaix am no6o<maro BCTynjema *). 

ftsuAe, Taaace HenpaBMBHo paapimeHi bi yciaBt Bonpoci 
o npejtftfBHOM'B cpoKi jtf& npHMeiema. Ho ct. 653 h 654, 
otb4thhk / b AOJmeH'L no^aTB npomeHie o npHRieHeaiH Heno3«e 
cpona, Ha8HaneHHaro eMy Ha aBKy bt> cyffB, a Hdeij'B— bi 
nepBOMi saci^aniH cy.ua. Kfc TOMy TaKaji CTporocTB? Earn aotfpo- 
BOJiBHoe BCTynaenie ^onycKaeTca bo bcakomt, nojEOsemn tflma, 
to noneMy ®e BCxynjeHie no nparjameHiio ni&BHOff ctopohh 
nocTaBJieHO bx HecpaBHeHHO 6ojr6e ysKia rpaHHim? Hsi moth- 

BOBl Kl 654 CTaTBH BHflHO, HTO COCTaBHTeJTH ea pyKOBOflCTBO- 

BaJHCB cjr&ayioiipMH coo6pa»emaMH: „cx npHBjieTOHieM'B coejH- 
HfleTca H&BOTopoe npo#oJUKeHie npoH3BO#CTBa: na^o npar.iacnTb 



*) Bolgiano, 237, 238, Anm. 6 a. 

a ) CivUprozessordnCtag, §§ 70, 71. 152, 158, 65; Knderaann, I, 851—353. Ho 
pimcKoxy npany, npHBJieHeflie He tojuuco upohbbo^mocb 6e3% ynacra cy^a, hq« b 
homo fop* ^ijaeiio itl j»6o& tfapirfc. Wetzell, 53—54. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 5 — 

Tpen>e .mojo h Bimaaix otb^tx ero, a Tperae jihuo MoseTx 
ewp Haxo^TBCA bx OT^a-ienin orb cy.ua; HeAoGpocOBtcTHaa cro- 
poHa MoateTx noaTOicy aarfcaTb npHBjeneHie TpeTBoro Jrnn,a 
e^HHCTBeH^o ex jt^jebk) saTAHyTL jsjbjLO. ji^Jia. npeaynpeayjeHia 
aaoynoTpe6jeHifi Heo6xo,pMo nocTaHOBHTB CTponft cpoKx ,pa 
npocbtfti o npHBJieieHin: ona #oji»Ha 6litl 3aaBjeHa bx caMOMX 
HanajA npoi^ecca, h6o oCcToaTejbCTBa, H3x rohxx BOSHHKaeTx 
cie TpefioBame, ^ojikhh 6htb hsbSjcthh Toft mh Apyro* cto- 
ponfe bt> caMOMX Ha?ajrf> ^kaa". 9th flOBOflii ocHOBaHM Ha jib- 
homx HeflopaBprfcHiH. CocraBHTesH yCTaBa ho^m4thjih onacHOCTL 
npHBJieneHia: npoBOJioray h saTOTHBame npoijecca He#o6poco- 
b%cthmmi> raaymniica. Ho am ycTpaHema aioft onacHOCTH ohh 
BH6pajiH Henoflxoflamyio irfcpy. Bx caMOMX fffctffc, otx nero npo- 
hcxoahtx saMeweme npoijecca? Otx Toro, tto „Haao npniuia- 
chtb Tpeixe jihuo h BHamaix otb^tx ero". Ho pa3B*fc 9to npHrjia- 
raeme h BturaflaHie He Hy»HH bx tomx cjiyqai, Korja oahhx 
H3x xaatymHxea npocffrx o npHRieHema BxnepBOfl HHCTaHijiH? 
KoHeuo, HyatHH. A ecaa TaKx, to, 3HaraTx, ct. 653 h 654, 
jmmaa HeflotfpocoBicTHHXx ra»ymHxca bobmoshocth sararHBaTB 
npoiteccx bx annejuumioHHOfl h KaccaijioHHOfi HHcraHnra, Bce- 
TasH AO3BOXJD0TX hmx jftjibTb 3to bx Hawaii npoijecca. TaRHMX 
o<5pa30MT>, cpeACTBO He bhojh4 flocraraeTx u$jlr. H364rHyTb 
aaoHaMipeHHaro 3aMe*ieHia npon,ecca mojkho He othmx nyTeMX, 
a coBepmeHHO flpynrnx, no KOTopoMy nomejix repMancKifi ycTaBX. 
HMeKHO, Hy»HO nocTaHOBHTB, tto npHBjeHeHie TpeTtaro JHI^a, 
npoHSBOAHTca iMaBHoft CTopoHOfi homhmo cy^a H He OCTaHaBJH- 
Baerx ABrateHia npoijecca. 

Hepexofla kx Bonpocy o nocaiflCTBiaxx npuBJEeneHia, corfc- 
jyerx npH3HaTb, hto h ohh onpe^iJieHH HaniHMx ycTaBOMx He- 
npaBEUEbHO. FjaBHaa CTopoHa, npHBJieRaa Tpeixe jihijo, miberb 
qfcibio CB«3aTb ero saKOHHoff chjioA pfcmeHia. Mea^y tImx, 
ct. 659 OTKpHBaeTx TpeTbeicy jraijy bo3mokhoctb H364ataTb 
aroro HeBHrojHaro ^jih ce6a nocjfeflCTBia: eMy HyjRHO TOJbKO 
He aBHTbcano BHSOBy hjih flame KaTeropHHecKH 0Taa3aTbca otx 
yiacria bx pjhjvk. HpaB^a, yKJOHeme Tpeixaro jumja #aeTx npaBO 
npHBJieEniefi CTopoHi npocmb cy«x, hto6h ero otfparaoe Tpe6o- 
BaHie 6ujlo o^esne^eHO Ha npH3HBaeM0Mx xmi$. OflnaKO, 3Ta 



Digitized by 



Google 




— 6 — 

ftri>pa Bee TaKH He bl coctohhIh cfffcaaTB cyaefaaro pimema 
o6ii3aTejn,HUM t L ,pa TpeTBaro jonja, TaKx ito, Kor^a npnEieRas- 
maa CTopona npeffBaBHTB kt> neMy otfparaoe Tpetfosame, to mo- 
aers BCTpiTHTBca cb B03pa»emflMH o moxomx Be#emH npo- 
n,ecca 7 o HenpaBMBHOcrn cy^e6naro pimema, 06% yionnjieH- 
homx nponrpmni jsjh&a, h t. n. 

%o6h ydpaHHTB bc6 »th HeasejiaTejBHHa pesyjBTaTH, a 
paBHHifB o6pa30irB onpe^HTB tohho h BEpaTiji* npoi^cyajB- 
Hoe nojroatenie npHBjeneHHaro jranja, flOCTaTOHHO BBecTH bx yc- 
TaBfc ci^yiomyK) CTaTBio: „ecjur npHBaeneHHoe jhijo BCTynnrb 
bi jsjkio, to ero oraomeHia ex CTopoHaMx onpea&iaioTca no 
npaBHJiaM'L ho6ohhomx BCTymieHiH. Ecjh ate oho He BCTynirrB 
hjh, BCTynHBi, yuiOHHTca, to Bce-TaKH CTOTaeTca yracTByio- 
mnii'B bx ff&jrfc" *)• 

^to EacaeTca o6e3neneHia o6paraaro Tpe6oBama raaBHOfl 

CTOpOHH Ha npHSUBaeMOM'B JHI$, TO BT> BH#y Toro, TTO 9Ta 

M^pa npeACTaBiaeTt co6ok>, Kain> cnpaBe;pHBO aaMiTHJii, r. 
AnHeHKOB'B, oflHffB h^ cjryiaeBx o6e3neieHia (Jyaymaro hcm 2 ), 
mm KOCHeMca ea, Kor.ua 6yp t eu r b roBopHTB o6i> otfesneTOHin hc- 
eobx BOo6me. 

Bx 3aKJHoneHie cjvbjs^erb csa3aTB h^ceojtbko cjeobx no- 
CTaHOBK^ HHCTHTyTa npHBjreneHia bo <|>paHijy3CE0M , B npaBi, eo- 
Topoe nocayatHJO rjiaBHUM'L o6pa3n,OMi» flja pe^aKTopoBi Ha- 
mero ycTaBa, npn cocTaBjeniH ero. Ho <|>paHi^3CK0My BOfleKcy 
(ct. 175 — 186), npEBje^eme mrfjero xapaKTepx caoaHaro npo- 
ijeccyajBHaro HHCTHTyTa h coctohtb hsx cii^yiomHX'B aneMeH- 
tobx. Bo-1), oho saKJuo^aerB bx ce6* OTJiaraTeaBHyio aECi^eni^iH): 
otb4t^hkx, ateaaiomiii npHMe% TpeTBe jihijo, npe»#e Bcero 
^oj^eHx npocHTB npiocTaHOBKi npoijecca. BcjrfcflCTBie 9Toro, 
<|>paHijy3CKi# EO^eKCB noMicTHJTB npmjieHeHie bt> rjiaBi, nocBa- 
meHHoif oTjaraTejiBHHM'B BKCijenitfaMx. Bo-2), bi> npHMeneme 
bxoahtb otfpaTHirit hcbx: OTB'fi'raaK'B npe^xaBJiaerB k*b TpeTBeMy 



x ) Hepsaa nojoBiraa dToro nocTaHOBiema jociobho aamiCTBOBaHa h&mh hst> rep- 
MaHesaro ycTaBa (§ 71). BTopaa noiOBHHa H&ioxeHa bi HasBaHHoirb ycraBi HicsoiBso 
HHaie BcrBACTBie Toro, hto cocTaBHTean ero npHxepxHBajHCb, Kara 6hjo ysasaflo 
bi npejBjymefi ctotb*, He bdojh4 npaBHJtHaro Barjiaxa Ha pan noco6HHica bi npon,ecct. 

^ AHH6HK0BI, III, 129. 



Digitized by 



Google 



f^fty*' 1 . 



— 7 — 

jHn,y CBoe ofiparaoe TpetfoBame (demande en garantie) fb toitb 
cyflfc, 17$ pasfapaeTca nepBOHanajBHtift hcbi. 6^-3), pesyjiB- 
TaTOMi npHMeneHia aRiaeTca coBMicraoe pascMOTpime nepBO- 
HaTOJLHaro h otfparaaro hceobx. Ilpn dtomx BsamfflBia otho- 
mema Meatfly npHBJie?eHHHM , B h raaBHoft cTopoHoft He Bcerfla 
op^asoBH. Hmchho, eciH nepBOHa^ajBHiift hcex 6hjtb jraraHHarB, 
to Tpen>e JiEiifl CTaHOBHTCH nocofiHHKOM'B npHMeBmeft ero CTO- 
poHH. Ecjth ate nepBOHanaiBHufi hckx 6hjtb BenjHHM'B, to npo- 
HCxoflHTB oflHO hs'b cirfjflyiomHxx aBaeHift: jih6o TpeTse jnnjo 
3aM*maerB raaBHyio CTopoHy, EOTopaa flotfpoBOJBHO yxoflHra 
mx> nponecca, coxpaHaa, oflHaso, npaBO npncyTCTBOBaTL npn 
npoH3BOflCTBi, jih6o TpeTte jehijo npncoeflHHaeTca ei Heft, ho 
He b% Ka^ecTB* noco(>HHEa, a b% BawcTBi naccHBHaro spiraeas, 
Ha Eoroparo pacnpocTpaHaeTca maa cyfletfHaro pimema *). 

Ilocxh Bcero, tto 6ujlo csasaHo HaMH o ho6ohhom , b BCTy- 
MemH h npaBJieieHiH, npaETHHecBoe HeyflotfcTBo h Hei^eco- 
o6pa3HOCTB ^paHnyscsoS chctcmh otobhahh cx nepBaro Bsraafla. 
Cx oflHOft ctopohh, 3aMefliaeTca npoH3BOflCTBO, a cb flpyroft — 
npeffBHMeme otfparaaro TpetfOBania M0»erB osasaTBca Hainm- 
hhjtb, ecra npHBJieBmaa CTopoHa BiinrpaerB nponeccx. Ho 8Toro 
Maio. $paHijy3CBaa CHCTeMa Hapymaera ocHOBHHe hphhuhiih 
rpas^aHCEaro npaBa n npoijecca. TaB*, no otfnjeMy Hanaay, 

TOJTBBO TaKOfi HCKX HOSeTB 6tITB Hpefl'BaBJeH'B H MOateTB CTaTB 

npeflMeTOM^ npoijecca, KOTopnft yate bo3hhe , b (actio nata). Bt 
AaHHOMx ejiy^a* otfparaoe Tpe6oBame OTBfcrraBa m> TpeTBeny 

.IHIjy B03HHKaeT , B BT> MOMeHTB HpOHTpHHia OTB'fcFfflEOM'B HpO- 

ijecca. GaiflOBaTaiBHO, flo OBOEraaHia npoijecca otb^t^hex Ta- 
Boro TpetfoBama enje He mrkerB; ero hcei enje He boshhbx. 
Meatfly rkwb $paHijy3CBift BOflescx flonycBaerB npeffBaBJieme 
aToro eme ne cymecTByiomaro Hcsa. ^arfje, cyfledHoe p-fcineme 
HenocpeflCTBeHHo Bacaerca tojbbo cyfaeBTOB'B npoijecca. IIo- 
aTOMy, ecnH TpeTBe jrmjo 3aarfccTHJio MaBHyio CTopoHy, BOTopaa 
ym-ia hss npoi^ca, to pimeme aojubho 6htb nocTaHOBJieHO 

npOTHBX HOBarO OTB^TOHBa H aBJWeTCfl SaBOHOlKB TOJBBO flJfi 

Hero. Memfly rfM^, $paHijy3CBift BOfleBCB nocTaHOBJtaenb, hto 



x ) B o i t a r d, Lemons de proced. civ., I, 446—452 (4d. X890) 

/Google 



Digitized by' 



— 8 — 

oho narfceTX HenojHHTejBHyio CMy h no OTHomeniK) kx bh6kb- 
meff CTopop* (ct. 185). HaKOHeijx, #onycKaa npeaxaBieme 
otfparaaro TpetfoBania bx tomx cy^fc, r#6 pa36npaeTca nepBO- 
HanajiLHHfl hckx, (ftpaHijyscKifi 3aK0Hx HapymaeTx 6e3x aocTa- 
TOHHaro ocHOBama o6m>ia npnmpnEi noAcy^HOCTH *). 

Bcfc 9TH 06CT0aTeJIBCTBa 6lMH IipHHflTU BO BHHMaHie coda- 

BHTaiaMH repiiaHCKaro ycTaBa, KOToptie e,nHHO^yfflHO ocyxpum 
$paHi^y3CByK) cncTeMy h He BHecra ea bx cboA KOfleKcx a ). 

6. 

CAOOfcuoe ecmynAeuie. 

JlHor,a;a MO»erB cjywixca, hto bx npoH3Bo,piiufica npo- 
ijeccx BdynaerB He o^ho mijo, a h4ckojbeo. Bx btexx cjy- 
qaaxx mh mriieMx fffcao ex aBJemeMx, Koropoe saejyaKraaeTx 
Ha8BaniH „cjio»Haro BdynjieHia". TaKx saxx nojotfHoe Bcryn- 
jeHie npefldaBjaeTx cotfoio cymiy ot#6jbhhxx npoerEixx BCTyn- 
jeHiit, to npon,eccyajBHoe nojosenie Kaayjaro BCTynHBmaro JHija 
onpe^&weTca no npaBKiaMx, HMijom.HMx cnjry pa toS $opMU 
BCTymieHiH, soTopoH) ohx BOcnojB30Bajicfl. TaK-B, Hanp., bx npo- 
H3Bo^m,ifiai Me»#y KByMa mnaiiH npoijeccx eraiajia BCTyna- 
eTx nocotfHHKx Ha cropoHy orBftreHKa, a 3aT&Mx hoco^hhsx 
Ha cTOpoHy Hcma. OneBEffHo, hto o6a noco^nnsa (SyayTx hoib- 
30BaTBca o^HHaKOBUMH npaBaMH h CTOflTB apyrx kx apyry BX 
noAOseHra npon,eccyaju>HLix r B iipothbhhkobx. Torao xaRxe, ecJH 
Ha cropoHi Hema ycTaHOBHTCfl Heo6xo,a;HMoe coynacTie, a kx 
OTBiT^HKy npHMKHeTx noeotiHHKx, to nocjrtjHeicy (Jyayrx npn- 
Ha^pesaTB bc6 npaBa oaBHOft CTopoim no oTHomemio kx co- 
y^acTHHBaMx neffla. Hjih, Hanp., hojoshmx hto, bx npoi^eeex 
BCTynnjo HOBoe jihi^o ex eaMoeTOjrrejBHHMx hckomx, h tto kx 
HeMy npncoe^HHHjeff hoco6hhkx. Sj&Ch rjOBHoe BCTynjeme 

OCJOffiHHJIOCB HOtfOTOHMfy & TaKX BaKX IMaBHHJt BCTynmHKX 8B- 

jiaeTca iipothbhhromx o6ok£t> nepBOHanaiBHHXx T&atyn^Hxea, to 
h ero hoco6hhkx Haxojprrca, 3x e&iy otfmaro npaB&ia, bx Ta- 



l ) Bolgiano, Handbftcn, I, 242. 

•) Gesammelte JIaterialien zO den Reichsjustirgfc^ 1 ^ (v. Hahn), II, B., I Liefer., 
1878, 183, 184. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 9 — 

bomx a&e nojoatemn. Cjiobomx, npoqeccyajBHiie Bonpocn, B03* 
HHsajon^ie npi xajKflOMx cjicwkhomx BCTyraemH, Moryrt 6htb 
6e3x Tpyja paspimeHti njrreMx BHflkaeHia h aHamsa aaeMeH- 
tobx, rax KOMtfiraaitfH KOTopuxx coctohtb ^aHHiifl cayHait Ho 
ecTB oflHa (j)opMa caoatHaro BCTynaeHia, Koxopaa OTjnnaerca 
oco6hmx xapaKTepoMx h TpetfyeTx noflpofaaro H3Cjr6flOBaHte. 9to 
npHCoeflimeHie nocotfraKa kx BCTynrameMy paHtme nocotfHHBy. 
IlepBufi Bonpoct, B03(5yatflaeMHfl aTof <|>opMoft BCTynaeHia, 
sawmaeTca bx cjrfcflyiomeMx: flonycTHMa jih OHa Boodme, a 
eara AonycTHMa, to npn Karaxx ycaoBiaxx? Bx HameMx ycTaB$ 
HH^ero no aroMy nosofly HecKa3aH0. H4KOTopHeiopHCTH(Hanp., 
r. BopoBHKOBCKifl), cirfcflya npHM'fcpy yciaBa, Toate He KacaiOTca 
aroro Bonpoca, flpyrie HcmotOBBiBaioTx MOiraaHie 3aROHOflaTe.ifi 
bx CMHCjrf* sanpemenia (r. EpaHflrx); TpeTBH, npoBOfla pa3Jin- 
<rie Meayty npnBjeHemeMx noco6HHKa h npHBje^enieMx coynacT- 
HHKa, ciHTaiora nepBoe 3anpemeHHHMx, a BTopoe flOBBOJieHHHMx 
(r. Ahhchkobx) *). IIoJioatHTB npeflfcax aroMy pasnorjaciio mokho 
He HHane, Kanx flonojHHBx ycTaBX RaTeropnnecRHMx nocraHOB- 
zemewb othochtcjibho pascMaTpHBaenofi $opMH npHMeiema. 

^TOtfil H0Ka3aTB, KaKOBO flOJHRHO ()HTX 3T0 nOCTaHOBJieme, Hy»HO 

o6paTHTfcca ex TeoperaHecROfi CTopofffc Bonpoca. 

TpeTBe JIHIJO MO»eTX BCTynHTB JIH<>0 HO CO()CTBeHHOft HHHIji- 

aTHB-i, jh6o no npHraameHiio raatynjaroca. 06a bth cjLy^aa 
cjifcflyeTx pascMOTpiTB noposHB. 

HojioatHMx, hto Meatfly A h B meax npoijeccx, h too B, 
npoarpasx ero, npeflxaBMx otfparaoe TpetfoBafide rx B, KOTopuft, 
(Jyflyra notfiaweHx, bx cbok) onepeflB, o(5paraaca ex hcromx o 
perpeccfe rx T. Ilpn TaBOMx HopMaaBHOMx xoflfc npoH3BOflCTBa 
bo3Hhkjo ipH caMOCTOATejLBHiixx npoijecca: Meatfly AhB,Bh 
B, B e T. Ho Mooo 6bitb HHaie. Hmchho, B ropHflnnecKH 
3aHHTepecoBaflx bx nexoflfc npoijecca Mea&fly A hE, TaKX nasx 
eMy rposHTx perpeccx co ctopohh B. GuiflOBaTeJiBHO, B Morx 
6u BCTynHTB bx KanecTBi uocotfHHRa bx nepBHfi npoijeccx. Tohho 
Tasate F sanHTepecoBaHx bx ncxoffl BToparo npoitecca — Meatfly 
B h B, TaKx KaKx B HMieTx kx HeMy otfpaTHoe Tpe6oBame. 



x ) 1HH6HK0BI, III, 204. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



— 10 — 

HoaTOMy, T mofb 6u BMiraaTBca bo BTopofi npoijeccx, bx sa- 
HecTBi noco^HHEa B. ^onycTmrB TenfcpB, hto B fffcftcTBHTejBHO 
BCTynai^ kb nepBufi npoijecx h npHMEHyix ex B. CnpamHBaeTca, 
MoaeTx jh T Tome npncoeAHHHTBca ex npoijeccy h cTaTB no- 
co6hheomx noco^HHEa B? 

HecoMHiHHo, h^tb. fljm notfonnaro BCTynjema Tpetfyerca 
HaJHHHOCTB lopn^HHecEaro HHTepeca, a ero BX ^aHHOMx cjyqai 
T He HMienb: ohx saHHTepecoBamb m> hcxo^ BToparo npoijec- 
ca, nepBHft ase ero enje ne EacaeTca. OtfpaTHoe Tpe(5oBaHie ex 

HeMy CO CTOpOHH B B03HHEHCTX TOJTBEO HOCjrfj OEOHHaBia BTO- 

paro npoijecca. A Tasx sasx 8totx npoijeccx MoseTx no Ea- 
Eofi xa6o npHHHBrfe aaae cobcImx He HaiaTBca, to onaceme 
perpecca npeflCTaBjaeTca npeatfleBpeMeHHBiMx. 

HHane pasptmaeTca Bonpocx o BCTynjemH BCJrfe#CTBie npn- 
BJie^eHia. Cx o^HOfi ctopohh, npHBjreHeHHErif hoco6hhex o6aa- 
#aeTX ycjOBiaMH, hco6xo^hmhmh rjlr BCTymrema. Bx caMOMx 
flijrfe, noEa B, BCTynHBmift bx ffkio Me»,a;y A h B, He npHBje- 
saax T, #o rfcxx nopx ,pa nocjiflHaro enje He 6hjio npaMofi 
onacHOcra perpecca. Ho Eor.ua B npHBjesx T, to t4mx ca- 

MHMX OHX flaJX eMy BHaTB, HTO HaM^peHX B0CH0JIB30BaTBCa CBO- 

hmx npaBOMx odparaaro TpefioBama, eara B npoHrpaeTx npo- 
ijeccx. CjrS^OBaTejiBHO, ropH^HTOCEoe nojo»eHie T CTaHOBHrca 
saBHCHMHMx otx ncxo.ua nepBaro npoijecca, t. e. V npio6p*&Ta- 
m K)pH,preecEifi HHTepecB, Heo6xoflHMBift ,pa notforaaro BCTy- 
njrema. Ob apyrofi ctopohh, 6hjio 6u HecnpaBeflJHBO h ho- 
i^jiecoo6pa3HO oTEastiBaTB nocotfiraEy bx npaBi npHBjeHB 
HOBaro noco^HHEa. Hep'k.peo nepBOHaHajBHfirax offaaflaTejeMx 
cnopHaro npaBa, o eotopomx HfleTX npoijeccx, aBJiaeTca He 
TpeTBe jhi^o, a eto jih6o ,a;pyrofi, HepeaaBmift eMy bto npaBO. 
Hanp., T npo^aix cBoft aomx B, a B HeMe,peHHo nepenpo#ajx 
ero B, hjih: V nepeycTynaix B o6asaTeJiBCTBO, BHflamoe eMy 
A, a B, bx cbok) oiepeflB, nepeaaax ero B. Ecjh sariiMX 
npio6p*TenHoe B npaBO craHeTx npe#MeTOMx npoijecca, to bo 
MHoraxx ciysaaxx 3amnTHTB ero 6ojrbe Bcero cnocotfeHx totx, 
eto 6ujn> ero nepBHMx odja^aTejeMx, h y soro oho, 6bttb 
MOxerB, BnepBue bo3hhejio. CjrfcflOBaTeJEBHO, ecJiH bx npoi^eccB 
Meat^y A h B BCTynHJix jmh 6ujl% npHMeTOHx B, to eMy 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 11 — 

cx&flyeT* flosBOJiHTB npHMeHB CBoero npaBonepeaaTTOKa T. 
IIomoii^b nocjrfcflHaro Moatera OKaaaTBca ctojib CHJiBHofi, ito 
Hana^eHie A tfyaerB cpasy OTpaateHO, h bc4 aaJiBHiflniie 
npoijeccH, oCHOBaHHHe Ha otfpaTHHX'B TpetfoBaHkx'B, CTaHyrB 
HeB03MoatHHMH. Maao Toro, npHBje^eHie npaBonepejaT^HKa npn- 
HecerB (MWBmyio nojn>3y enje h bx apyroMx OTHomemH. Ecjih- 
6a B He npHBaeifB T, to, npe#BaBHBfc kx HeMy Bnocjr6#CTBiH 
CBoe otfparaoe Tpe6oBaHie, ohx MorB-611 HaTKHyTBca Ha bo3- 
paateme, hto nepBHfl nponpccB — Measly A h B — pa3p'fenieH r B 
cjjsflwb HenpaBMBHO, hto oh* nponrpaffB no Bnwb B h np. 
Meayjy vbwh, npmviacHB'B T ex yHacriio bx btomx npoijecci, 
ohx orpaa^aeT^ ce6a otb Bcfexx hoao6hhx , b Baspasemft h 
ofaernaeix cetf* ocymecTBjeme CBoero otfparaaro Tpe6oBania. 
HTaKx, npHMeneme hoco6hhkom , b HOBaro nocofiHinta aojheho 
6htb npnsHaHo, b% ouranie otb flotfpoBOJBHaro BdynjieHia, 

BHOJlHi flOHyCTHMHM'B. HpHTOMTb, CaMO C06oft HOHflTHO, *ITO H 

HOBOMy noco^HHKy fl03BOJLaeTCH, no aHajrorHqecKHMx cootfpaase- 
HiflM'B, npHBJieqB CBoero npaBonepeAaT^HKa, earn, KOHerao, 
TaKofi HicieTca. TepMaHCKifi Ko^eKCB BBipaataerB bto fl03BOiieHie 
cj&ayiomHM'B ofipaaoMx: „TpeTBe jihijo ynpaBOMO^eHO k-b ^aJBHifl- 
meicy npHBaeHemio" 1 ). Jl^a. 6ojn>nieft hchocth caiflOBajio 6u 

CKaSaTB T8LKT>: ^TpeTBe JHIJO, KaKX flOtfpOBOJIBHO BCTynHBmee, 

Tanx h npHBJieHeHHoe, ynpaBOMOTOHO u% ^ajibwhUmewj npH- 
Bje^emio". Ilpn TaROfi peflaKijiH 6yppTb o^eBH^HO, hto npaBOMi 
upHMe^emn MomerL nojiB30BaTBca ne tojbko npnBJieHeHHHfi 

nOCO^HHBX, HO H ^o6pOBOJBHO BCTynHBfflifi. 

nocMorpHM-B TenepB, KaKOBH aojukhh 6utb nocjitflCTBia 
npHMe^ema nocotfHHica TpeTBHiTB jihijom'b. .OnpefffejiHTB hxx 
Herpy^HO. ^a 9Toro HyatHO tojibko bcuomhhtb, hto npHBaene- 
Hie cos^aeTB fljra HOBaro noco6HHKa lopn^HHecKifi HHTepecB, 
Tpe6yeMHfi npn nodoraoMx BCTynjremH. Pasx stotx HHTepecB 
Harnijo, npHBJieHeHHHil nioaterB BcrynHTB no oCmpovb npa- 



*) Gv.-proc.-ordn., § 69, <{>paHqy3CKift soxescB xoxe xonycsaerb nociixoBaTeiB- 
Boe npejrtABjeHie otipaTHaro ncsa. Code de proc. civ, art 176: „si le garant pretend 
a?oir droit d'en appeler un autre en sous— garantie, il sera tenu de le faire dans 
le delai ci-dessus, a compter du jour de la demande en garantie formee contre lui; 
ce qui sera successivement observe* ^ regard du sous— garant ulte^rieur". 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 12 — 

BUJL&Wb H CTaHOBHTCfl nOCO^HHSOlTE CTOpOHH. JfyyrHMH CJOBaMH, 

npHB^e^eme TpeTBmcL jehijom'b paBHOCMBHO npHMe^emH) rjiaBHOfi 

CTOpOHOfl, Kfc KOTOpOlS 8T0 TpeTBe JHIJO HpHMBHyJIO. 

OflHaKO, bo H36'i»aHie Morymaro BOSHHKHyTB Heflopa3yM*Hia, 
neotfxoflHMo yaasaTB Ha oflHO otfcToaTejBCTBO. nocofiHUKB Moaten> 
npEBJienb b-l Ka^ecTBi HOBaro nocotfmKa tojbro CBoero Heno- 
cpeACTBeHHaro npaBonepeflaTHHKa h He Bnpasi, MHHya ero, 
o6paTHTBca cpa3y k-l nepBOHa^ajiBHOMy otxaajaTejio cnopnaro 
npaBa. TaKfc, Hanp., ecm fl npoflajrB nom> T, T nepenpoflaffB 
ero B, a B — B, to B BcrymiB'B m> npoijeccB 061 arora floirfc 
Meatfly B h A, MoateTB npHB^e^t CBoero npeflmecTBeHHioa T, 
ho HHKara He #. IIoflotfHBift CKaqeK-L bi> npraje^emH ne- 
AonycTHM'B noTOMy, wo B rarikerB otfparaoe TpetfoBame tojibro 
Kb T, TaKt ^to, ecra fla»e ohtb nprajreHerB #, to y # see 
TaKH He oy^erL lopn^H^ecEaro HHTepeca, Heofcojpntaro 42* 
BCTynjiema *). 



CMfbviauuoe ecmynMuie. 

OrapHe npcaTejH (Hanp., reHHepi, MHTTepMaftept, TeHCiep's) 
AonycKa.in bosmojbhoctb TarcB Has. ciriunaHHaro BCTynjeHM 
(intemntio mixta, gemischte Intervention), npeflCTaBJjoonjaro co6ok> 
h4hto cpeflHee Meatfly oaBHHM^ BcrynjiemeMt h ho6o^hhm* 
h cocToamaro b^b tomi, tto TpeTBe aimo ateaaerB ocymecrBHTB 
CBoe ocotfoe caMOCToaTe-iBHoe npaso Ha npeflMera cnopa h b*b 

TO fflte BpeMH HOMOIB OflHOft HBTb TMtymHXCa CTOpOH^ a ). 

9tot* Bsrjrafl^ ocHOBairB Ha flBoaKOMi HeflopaayMeHra Bo 

1), HeCOMHiHHO, TO) B*B H'feKOTOpEIX'B CJyiaaX'B TpeTBe JHIJO 

ofaaflaeT'B KaiecTBaMH, Heofixoflmoran KaKt flja naBHaro 
BCTynjeHia, TaEi h ,pa notforaaro, a nouoMy Momen BHtfpaTB 
jH)6yK) mi* araxx ^opMX BMiraaTeaBCTBa bx npoHSBOflonqftca 
npoijeccB. Ho OTCiofla Bosce He ctffcflyerB, ^to6u oho mofjo 
BocnoJiB30BaTBca otf^HMH $opMaMH cpa3y. Ilpn rjaBHOM*B BCTynje- 
me oho ABHTca npoTHBHHKOMx o6oHxt nepBOHaiaii&HHXfc xaaty- 



x ) Wetzell, 859; Hellmann, 238. 
a ) Bolgiano, 238. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 13 — 

njHxca, a npH no6oraoM'& — hpothbhubom-b o#Horo h hocoGhhboitb 
Kpyraro. CobiActhtb pojH rjaBHaro BCTyn-nema h nocotfHHsa 

TOHHO TaKB-Ke HeB03M02KHO, BaEfc HeB03MOSHO 6lJTL BparOMT> 

h bm4ct6 ab t&jtb jotfpoaraiaTejieM'B o#Horo h Toro ate tojo- 
Bisa. Bo-2), HHofi pasx MoaerB cayrarBca, wo TpeTBe ainjo, 

BCTyHHB'B CB CaMOCTOATaiBHLIM'B HCEOMX npOTHBTb o6$HX'B MaB- 

hhxi cropoHi, OTsaateTca b»b TewHie npoH3BO^CTBa otb TpefioBa- 
ma si o^HOfi hsi hhxx, npraHaerB npaBHjBHOCTB ea npHTflsamfl 

HJH SaBHirB-JH60 HHHM'B 06pa30M'L HpHMHpHTCfl CB HeK). 

Ob nepsaro Bsrjw^a BaateTca, hto b*b TaKOMi cjyw£ B03- 
HHKHerB CMiraaHHoe BCTynjeme, Tas* Basx raaBHHfi BcrynmHB'B 
6jf ) eirb noMoraxB o^HOMy hsx Taa&ynyixca. O^aso, Ha caMOM-L 
flfcjfc 9to He Tasx. roBopa o TJL&BHOWb BCTynjiemH, mh ho- 
Ka3ajH, tto oho HMierB m4cto tojbbo Tor.ua, aoraa TpeTBe 
jmufl saaB&aerB na npepieTx cnopa hjh Ha nacTB ero cboh 
oco6hh TpetfoBania nporaBX o6oexi> Taa&ymnxca. HoaTOMy, Basx 

TOJBBO UpOTHBHHKOM'B TpeTBHTO -IHIja Cff6jaeTCfl OflHffB THsym4^cji> 

oaBHoe BCTynjeme nepecTanerB 6htb iuaBHHM'B BCTynjremeirB. 
Ho ito se nporaoflflerB? Ecjlh TpeTBe jihijo 3aaBJiajio Ha 
ofoezTb cnopa npHTssaHie, ToayjecTBeHHoe ob npHTasamaMH 
nepBOHa^asBHiixx Taatynpreca, Hanp., TpetfoBaao npH3HaHia 3a 
co6ofl npasa cotfcTBeHHOCTH, EOTopoMfc meJTB cnopx, to, 

OTRftSHBaflCB OTB <5opB<5H CB O.UHHM'B BM> TaatyilJHXCa, OHO 

TiirB caMHM^ npHBHaeTi cefm notf'&ameHHHM'B h #ojubho yfiTH 
v&b npo^ecca, Ecjih arte ero npHTa3ame He 6hjto ToatflecTseHHO 
ci npHrasanisMH i\aaBHEixi> croponB, to oho mo»ctb ocTaTBca wl 
npoijecdfc, ho He bx Ba^ecTBi nocotfrniEa o^HOfi H3-L ctopohb, 
TaKx Baxx ero sa^a^a-ocymecTBHTB caMOCToaTejiBHoe Tpe6oBame, 
a bx BanecTBi coy^acTHHsa. O^Haao, wa 9Toro TpetfyeTca, 
hto6h hm*jihcb Ha jihh;o ycao«ia, npa botophx-b aonycEaeTca 
npocroe bush HeotfxoflHiioe coyqacTie. TaBHMx o6pa30M-B, eco 
MaBHoe Bcrynjieme Moatera npeiparaTBca bo too jh6o, to 
tojlbko bx coy^acrie, ho HaaaK'L He bx curfcinaHHoe BCTynjie- 
k A^kSe ne bt> no6o^Hoe 1 ). 



*) Bolgiano, 210, Anm. 3. 

\ 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 14 — 

8. 

BcmytiAeuie ez ucnoAHtmeAbuoMt npouseodcmetb. 

Bet pascMOTptama HaMH $opMH BCTynjema TpeTbHxt 
jnmx npeflnojaraHyrL cymecTBOBame ?y»oro npoijecca, enje He 
aaBepiiiHBniarocfl Bome^innMi b-l saKOHyro CHjy cyxe6Hmra 
pimemeMX. CaMO cotfoii noraTHO, tto HHKaEoe BCTynjeme 
HeMHCJHMO bt> tomb cjiyiaij, Ror.ua npou.ecc'L y»e 3aROHHeffB h 
pimeme cy^a npHBe^eHO BB ncnojiHeHie. Tor^a TpmeMy JiHijy, 
HMiiomeMy npimreaHie Ha npe^Mera cnopa, ROTopufi npHcyaE^eHx 
o^HOMy wb TaaRynpncca, ocTaeTca tojbro npe.n'BaBHTB rx aroiiy 
TamymeMyca caMOCTOflTejn>Huft hcex no o6uQmi> npaBHJiaHi 
noftcyAHOCTH h nopa^Ra npoH3BOBCTBa. Ho Meayjy t4ml MOMeH- 
tomb, Kor^a pimeme cy#a BCTynajio bb saROHHyio CMy, h riMi, 
Rorja oho OROHnaTeJiBHO HcnojraeHO, npoTesaeTX fftROTopufi, 
a HHOfi pas^ aa»e BecBMa npoAOJaHTejmufi, npoMeayroKB 
BpeMeHH. CnpamHBaeTCH, He 6ypfin> jih cnpaBejJHBO h ijiae- 
coo6pa3HO ^onycTHTB BMimaieJibCTBO TpeTBHXB jhub bb npoijecct, 

XOTfl H OKOHTOHHHff, HO eil^e HaXOflaHjiffCa B»L CTa^H HCnOJHH- 

TejBHaro npoH3BOflCTBa? Bb nojB3y Tasoro pacnpocTpaHema 
HHCTHTyTa BCTymema bb h&rotophxb, no Rpaiteefi Mipi, 
cjy^aax'B MoryTB 6htb BHCTaBJieHH BiccRia cootfpaaema. TaRi, 
HeptflKO 6HBaerB, tto TpeTBe jlhijo He shmo h ne Morjo 
3HaTB Bd^CTBie CBoero oTcyTCTBia hsb aaHHofl m^cthocth hjh 
no RaRoS-jra6o xpyrofi npHrafffc, o qymoMB npoijecet, sa- 
TparHBaron^eicB ero HHTepecn h npaBa. ,fl,ase 6o*&e. Hho8 pas* 
npoijeccB Ha^LHHaeTca Taatymmica bb c&ay CTaran, cb m- 
MipemeMt noBpe#aTB TpeTBeay mijy, npnneMB, caMo cofioff 
norarao, npnHHHaioTca pasJH^HHa Mipu h ynoTpetfjunoTca Bca^e- 
CRia yxnmpema, tto6h cymecTBOBame Taartfa ocTaaocB HeraBicr- 
hhmb saHHTepecoBaHHOMy Jini^y. BcjrkflCTBie TaRHXB o6cToa- 
TejBCTB'B, TpeTBe jthijo HHorfla y3HaerB o Hapymemn cbohxb 
npaBt tojbro Tor#a, Ror^a pimenie boimo bb saROHHyio 
CMy, npHBO ( prrca bb HcnojHeme h He no,peKHTB otfas&iOBaHiro 
no o6iijhmb npaBHJiaM'L. KoHeiHO, TpeTBe jthijo MO»er& He- 
Me^ieHHO HanaTB hobliA npoi^eccx. Ho 9to He ocraHOBHTB 
HcnojHenia pimema. A MeaL^y t^icb nofitflHBinaa cropoHa no- 



Digitized by 



Google 



m$r 



— 15 — 
/ 
synnrh cnopHoe HMymecTBo h pacTpaTHTt mh cspoeTi ero, 
npeame wkwb Tperc>e jhijo ycnfcerB npeflBfiBHTB e*b HeMy hce-b 
h #o6htbcji o6e3neHeHia. Scho, TaEmn* ofipasoMt, *t6 TpeTBeny 
raijy Heo6xo^HMO npe^CTaBHTb tforfce 6ucTpoe h jersoe cpe#CTBO 
3am;HTH ? ao3boahb'b eMy BMimaTBca ikwb hjih hhhm'b oflpasoMi 

FB HCnOJIHETeiBHOe npOH3BOfliCTBO, HT06h BOCnpeilHTCTBOBaTL 

HcnojiHemio pimeHia. Ilpeame TfafB onpefliuraTB m*6oxhe 
yso^Hyio $opMy ,p,a TaKoro BMiraaTeibCTBa, ari^yerB pa3- 

CMOTpfeTB, B*B EaEHX*B CJlf^SL&Tb OHO B03M0fflLH0, a BT> KaKHXt fffrrB. 

BcTynaeme TpeTtaro j^a bx npoijeccB mhcjihmo, EaEi mh 
ysasaaH paHBme *), bx o#BOfi ust> cjfcflyiomHX'B ^OP 1411 1) 
noczrfeflyiomaro coyqama, 2) npHBjreiema coy^acraHKa, 3) 
rjaBHaro BCTyraeHia, 4) no6oraaro BCTynjrema h 5)npHBJieHe- 
uia nocotfHHKa. PascMOTpHMi Easayio rax araxx (ftopM'B no- 

p03Hb Bfc npHM^HeHiH K"B HCHOJEHHTeJIBHOMy npOKSBOflCTBy. 

OdpamaacB e*b nocjrfcAyiomeMy coy^acTiio, HeotfxoflHMO CHa- 
qaja ocTaHOBHTBca Ha npocTOMi coysacriH. IIpeflCTaBJiHH co6ofi 
hhcto Bfffenmee, $opMajn>Hoe coeflHHeme hckob-b, oho aonycEaeT- 
ca tojbeo b-b HHTepecax-B ynotfcTBa h 6bictpoth nponsBOflCTBa. 
Kaaypiil rax coy^acTHHEOBx Moaten HanaTB OT.n'&iBHHfi npon,eccB, 
h pimeHie no dtomv npoijeccy 6y#erB othochtbgs toabeo ex 
Heaiy o^HOMy, hhceojbeo ne EacaacB apyrax'B coyHacTHHEOBX. 
HoOTOMy, ecjH jihijo, HM^Bmee npaBO CTaTB hbhm , b-jih6o co- 
y^acTHHEOMi, He BocnojiB30BajiocB bthmx npaBOMB, to eMy odaeT- 

Cfl npeffBHBHTB CaMOCTOflTeJBHUfi HCEX. A BCTynaTB B% HCHOJIHH- 

TejEBHoe npoH3BO^CTBO no p$Jiy CBoero coy^acTHHEa cb i^jibk) 
npiocTaHOBHTB Hcnojraenie eMy coBepmeHHO Hesa^^M^, h6o othmx 
HcnojEHemeM-B ero npaBa hhceojbeo He HapymaiOTca. 

CoBciMx HHoe cjr&.nyeT'B cEa3aTB o HeofixoAHMOMi coyqacTin. 
TaEx saEi oho HM-leTX Micro Tor.ua, Eoraa cyae()HHft cnopx 
paapimaeTca cpa3y no oraomeHho eo Bdwh coy^acTHHEaMx, 
CBH3aHHBiM^B o6^hoctbk) npaBi HjiH o6a3aHHOCTe#, to pime- 
Hie no #fcjiy oflHoro coynacTHHEa Henocpe^CTBeHHO EacaeTca Bcfox 

SpyTHX'B, XOTH 6u OHH H He y^aCTBOBaJIH B% ^4jr6, H MOJKeT'B 

HapyniHTB hxx npaBa. Bx BH^y aToro, Heo6xo^HMBiM , B coyqacT- 



'j Cm. „at>p. K)pHA. 06m.", 1895 r., m. 2,CTp. 71. 

/Google 



Digitized by' 



— 16 — 

HHKaMt flOJHRHO OHTL fl03BOJeHO BCTyiMeHie H Bfc HCIIOJHHTeJb- 
HOMfc npOH3BOflCTBi. 

,Haj£e, npHBjreHeme coynacraHBa btb HcnojHHTejBHOirB npo- 
H3BOACTB'b npe#CTaBMeTca pinfflTeJBHO HeifHcaHMHirB. Bx ca- 
momi> ff&jrfc, ecjH ocHOBameifL fljw BirfcmaTeJBCTBa TpeTBaro jra- 
n;a bx HcnojHirrejrBHoe npoH3BO#CTBO cjijMRTh HapymeHie ero 
npaB'B HcnojraerfieM'B pimeHia no *ry»OMy ff&jy, to caMO cotfoft 

nOHOTHO, YTO 3a60THTBCH IipaBaXTb TpeTMTO JHIja HHETO, 

Kpoirfe Hero, He HMiera hh HHTepeca, hh npaBa. 

TpeTM $opMa BMimaTejiLCTBa b*b ?ymoft npoijecct — raa- 
BHoe BCTymeme — flOJORHa 6htb jonymeHa h npn HcnoaraemH p4- 
mema. CynjHOCTB i\aaBHaro BCTynsema b-l toktb HMeHHO h cocto- 
hti, wo TpeTte mafl saflBjraerB Ha ofoearB qyaoro npoijecca 
CBoe caMOCToaTejTBHoe npnTflsame. C.rfc#OBaTejiBHO, earn TperBe 
jinn,o He BOcnojBBOBajocB CBoeBpeneHHO npaBOMi raaBHaro BCTy- 
n-ieHia, to cyaetfHoe pimeme, (SyayiH HcnojffleHO, npaito Hapy- 
hihtb ero npaBa. 

HanpoTHB'B, vfrjih notforaaro BCTymeHia — He ocynjecTBHTB 
caMocroaTejrBHoe npaBo, a homo% o#HOMy hs* ramynHXca ojep- 
a&aTB Bepx-L Ha#B flpyrairB. Orcroaa cjrt^yert, bo-1, yto past 
npoijeecB OKOH^eHi, to yme noMoramb nosflHo, a bo-2, hto 
HcnoJHenie cyaetfnaro ptmema hhckojibko He HapymaerB npara 
xpeTMro jraija, h6o oto pimeme Moatera tojbko nocjySHTB 
noBO^oMt b^b npoijeccy Me»#y o^HmfB hs-l ramymnxca h Tpe- 

TBHITB JMUflWh. 

HaKOHe^, npHBJteieme nocotfHHBa Toate He flonycTjrao no 
toB npocrrofl npH^HH*, <rro oho tfBMeTca npHTJiameHieiTB kb 
no6o^HOMy BCTymemH). 

HTaKi, bx pe8yjrBTaT6 oKaaiiBaeTea, yto tojtbko #8$ $opMu 
BCTynjenifl MoryrB 6htb aonymemi wl HCHOJHHTejiBHOM^ npo- 
o,eecfe: nocj^flyiomee Heo6xo#HMoe coysacrie Hi\iaBHoeBCTynjeHie. 

nepefifleM* TenepB Kt Bonpocy o nopa.pt'l pascMaTpraae- 
Maro HaMH BCTynjrema. Ha btoti ctotb mh BCTpinaeiTB b-b 3a- 
KOHO ( a;aTeJiBCTBax , B fffccsoJiBBO pa3JEBnraiix , B chctcitb. 

Bx ^ope^opMeHHOM-B o6^e-repMaHCKOM , B npoijecci, pas- 
BHBmcM'B npHHi^nnH pHMCKaro h BaHOHH^ecsaro npoijecca, Tpe- 
Tte jihi^o ^ojiaiHO 6ujlo npeffBjraHTB ex o6orarB raaymnMca Tpe6o- 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 17 — 

Bame, BOTopmrB npiocTaHaBJHrB&aocB HcnojmeHie ptmenk tojb- 
eo fb toitb cjyqai, ecjiH TpeTBe jhijo ycniBajio AOBa3aTB, yto 
eMy He 6wio HSBicTHO o npoii3BO^HBmeMCff npoijecci *). JJfiH- 
CTByiomifl repMaHCEifi yciaBi h^ckojbko OTCTynnjrB orb 3Toro 
nopfl#Ka. ^onycKaa raaBHoe BCTynjeme jthhib #o nocTaHOBJie- 
ma cyAOM-B OEOHqaTejBHaro p-fcmeHia 2 ), ohx rfjM-B caMBiMi 
npH3HajrB HeB03MoatHOCTB BCTynjieHia bx ncnojiHHTejBHOM'B npo- 

H3B0flCTB'fc. O^HaKO, TpeTBH JlHIja He OCTaBjieHEI HMX 6e3*B BCfl- 

Baro cpe^CTBa 3amHTH wb 3Tofi CTa#iH npoijecca. Hbcb #aHO 
npaBO npeffBfiBJWTB ki» nepBOHanajiBHBiM'B TajKymnMca oco6hJI 
hckx (Widerspruehsklage) bi> tom'b cyfffc, b'b OBpyrfc KOToparo 
npoH3BO^HTca HcnojiHeme, npn^earB orB ycMOTpiHia cy.ua saBH- 
CHTBnpiocTaHOBHTB HcnojrneHie h oTMiHHTBnpHHaTHa yae Mipn s ). 
HicKOJiBKO HHyro cncTeMy BiipadoTajio (j>paHijy3CBoe npaBO. BcTy- 
n^enie bx ncnojiHHTejiBHoe npoH3BOflCTBO, T05Ke He aonycKaeMoe 
wvb npaMo, CEpHBaerca no^i bhaomx cymecTByiomaro bo 3>paH- 
ura HHCTHTyTa — OT3HBa Ha piiueme co eropoHH HeynacTBOBaB- 
raaro bx #fcjr£ anufl, (tierce opposition)- TpeTBe jhijo, npaBa ko- 
Toparo HapymaiOTca pimemeM-B no ^y»OMy fflury, MomerB no- 
^aTB bt> cy^i, nocTanoBHBHiifi bto p'fcmeme, ot3hb , b. Ecjih ot- 
duwb 6yppYb npHHATi h ecjH pimeme enje He HcnoJiHeno, to 
orb ycMOTpima cy^a 3aBHCHTB npiocTaHOBHTB ncnojHeHie hjlh 
h4tb. 3arfcMB cy^B pa3CMaTpHBaerB Tpe6oBaHie TperBnro mija 
h nocTaHOBJiaerB p'imeHie bs> OTM^Hy mh H3ar&HeHie npea&Htf- 
ro. O^HaEO, npeatHee pfcrneme coApaHaeTi cboio c&iy ,pa nepBO- 
Ha^ajrBHHX'B TaaymnxcH h yHHTromaeTca caMO co6o# no otho- 
meHiio e^ miwb tojibbo b'b T'ix'B cjiysaax-B, sor^a y^oMeTBO- 
peHHoe Tpe6oBanie TpeTBaro Jinn,a h nepBOHa^aiBHHfi hcex B3a- 
hmho HCBJuonaiorB apyrB Apyra. 

TaE'B, Hanp., ecjiH npaBO co6cTBeunocTH Ha cnopnoe HMy- 
mecTBO, npH3HaHHoe cna^ajia 3a hctijomt*, npncyatflaeTca bho- 



*) Wetrell, 866; Bolgiano, 220—221. 
3 ) Civilproc. ordn., § 61. 

3 ) Civilproc. ordn., § 690, 688, 689; Endemann, v lII B„ 1879, 174; Bolgia- 
no, 221. 

z. BpHA. o6m. kh. viii 1895 r. 2 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 18 — 

cj^ctbih TpeTBeny JTHijy, to otb^t^hk^b o6a3aHt no^HHHTbca 
tojbko BTopoMy pfanemio 1 ). 

3>paHijy3CEaH cncreMa nocjywnjia o6pa3i^OMx &ifi Hamero 
fliflcTByiomaro ycTaBa h, no^eprmncB BecBMa cymecTBeHHmrB 

JtflliOJEeWilWb H H3MtHeHiaM'B, nepepOflHJiaCB B*B HeH3BiiCTHHft 

apyruiPB saEOHO.naTeJiBCTBaM'B HHCTHTyrB otm^hh pimemS no 
npocBtfaMi TpeTBaxx, Hey^acTBOBaBfflHx r B b-b j&jvk jhivb. OflHa- 
ko ? ototi HHCTHTyrB, KB OTJiinrie oti CBoero npoTorana — $paH- 
ijy3CKOft tierce opposition, He b^b cocToaHiH 3aMfaHTB BCTyraeHia 

B% HCHOJHHTeJIBHOM'B npOHSBOflCTBt. JIfalO B'B TOMX, HTO HO CT. 

§ 814 ycT. rp. cyfl. „npHHeceme npocBtfn ofo OTirknij pime- 
ma ne ocTaHaBjHBaeT'B Hcno-raema pimeHia, aoROjrfc He nocjrifc- 
^yerB onpe^jeme ceHaTa 061 oSpanjeHin a^uia kx hobomj 
pascMOTptmH)" 2 ). Bcjrt^cTBie 9Toro, npocB6a o6i> OTMiH* pi- 
mema He b-b cocToamH nociyatHTB TpeTBeny Jinny cypporaTOMi* 
BCTynjrema bx HcnojHHTeJBHoE HHCTamjin, tslk% KaKX, no 3a- 
arfraamK) r. BpaH^ra, ^Mewt^y noflaieio npomema bi ceHarB h 
otm4hoS pimema npoxo^HTB BecBMa 3Ha^HTeJiBHufi nponeaty- 
TOKb BpeMeHH, b-b Te^em? KOToparo Hapymaiomee npaBO npo- 
CHTejra cy^e6Hoe piineme HenpeMiHHO tfyaerB npHBe^eHO b*b 
Hcno-iHeme" *). 

Kara ate Hya&Ho nocTynnTB npn nepecMOTp'fe ycTaBa, orfe- 
flyera jih pacnpocTpaHHTB oaBHoe BCTynaeme Ha HcnoaHHrejiB 
Hoe npoH3Bo,ncTBO? He jy^me jih, 6htb Moa&erB, nocjiiflOBaTB 
npnariipy repMaHCKaro ycTaBa? Hjih, HaKOHeij'B, bo H3(y&ataHie 
jomkh cymecTByronjaro nopaflica npoH3BOflCTBa, ^ocTaTOHHO co- 
xpaHHTB HHCTHTyrB otitShh piraemii no npocBtfaMi TpeTBHX'B 
jump, npncnoco6fitB r B ero kt> i$jhm , b BCTynjenia? 

Rjui Toro, mto6h aaTB 6e3onra(>OHHHfi otb4tb Ha 3th bo- 
npocu, Eeo6xojpmo npe^^e pascMOTpfeB cvhjhoctb h 3Ha*ieHie 
HHCTHTyTa otm^hh pimeHifl no npocBtfaMX TpeTBHxx jthij'b, hto 
h SyaeT'B c^fejiaHO b*b cji^yion^efi CTaTBfc. 

E. BacbKoecfciH. 
(UpojuojiaeHie cjr&ayeT'B). 

*) Boitard, H, 154. 

a ) 3to npaBHJO ocrajoc& wb cmi ajw npocbfe Tperanx'b jram h nocxfe Haxa~ 
ma sasoHa 1893 r. 06* HcnoiHemH pimenifi. 
8 ) BpaHun, 205—206. 



Digitized by 



Google 



3EMGKAH AMTEJIbHOCTb BT> OBJ1ACTH GRllIECTBEHHArO 

DPH3PUUA ). 

n. 3encKie pacxoAM Ha oGqeeTBeiiHoe npruptnie u a6e3ne- 
seaie nocjit,pwro HeoOxoAHuumi qxurrKamr. 

3eMC&ie pacxoja ea otfmecTBeHHoe npmpisHie m> oGmnxt umjipaxb aa 20 xfcr&.— 
BaaHMHaa cbji3i> Meamy o6mecTBeHHHirb npHsptmewt tt kgihuubckoh ^acTt».— Pawv 
xoxh Ha o6mecrBeHHoe npnspBHie no otxjubhhm ryficpwiaMt u bjlhhh? paax'Hpa 
hx* Ha MejHn,HHCKie pacxoiH.— Micro o6m.ecTBemiaro upiiapiRk a% pjuy Mpyrnxi 
Heo(5a3aTejBHHxt scmckhxt. a***.— Poctb 6jiaroTBopKTeiKHWxi. KaiiHrajQftK— JtatfoTK 
seMCTBa o cuenjaiBHHX'b HCTOiira&ax'b x>m criWcTBfHuara npirjp'kiiin. 

%o6h cocTaBHTB cetfi tfairie hjih Meiifce flciroe upe^CTaB- 
jeme o nocTeneHHOM-L pocrfe h pa3Birriu A'tuia o6m;ecTBeHHaro 
npH3p*Hia fb pynaxx seMcraxt ynpeatfleHiil h o paaMftpaxt 
ero m> npearaie ro#H h bx HacToamee BpeMX, HeoGxo^HMO 
npeacjje Bcero 03HaK0MHTbCJi ex ijmppoBHMB ^aueuMH no aesr- 
ckhmx cM'iTHHMx pacxoflaMx. H^xauaBiniecii xoafificTRejiufjM'L 
AenapTaMeHTOMt cbo^u CB&xfrsift o aoxo^axt h pacxo#axi> no 
3emjziiwb CM^Tairb h pacKiaflKaMt 2 ) ^aton B03MOffiHom cy- 



r ) Cm. JKypH. JOpni, 06m., kh. VI, 1895 r. 

3 ) Ham* HSBicxHu cxBAyronua Bahama, xoTopbiwE iuh jioibuoHaiHCj* npn co- 
craBJieHiH TatfjHivB bi> 9toh. nasi: 1) cBOff&CB'Ba'liHifi o cocTojrixiRxii ttt p&crtopjijfie- 
hjh aeMCKHXT, y^peamemfi KanHTajax'b, xpoM-B ooHrcHOiiHiFiHXb eaterojurbixi cwbtuhxi 
uocTymeHift. CocTaBjeHO no jaHHinrL, nojy*eHHHMb r 1883 r.; 2) cBoat CBtjCBiriS 
o xoxoxaxi h paexoxaxt no 3eMCKHirB ciriiTaMi* a paciunjtKavB aa spewa ct 1S71 
no 1880 r. BiciDHHTexbHO; 3) cboxi cBixlwiH: 1) o 3cmckhxi cMiTnsrh aoxoxax-L h 
pacxoxaxi 3a BpesfH cb 1881 no 1888 r. h 2) o ^mckhxl KAnirraaaxb pn rum mux i> 
HaHMeHOBaHift 3a 1883 r.; 4) Taxofi ae cboxi sa 1884 h 1885 ra\; 5) ranort ae 
cbojo* 3a 1886 r.; 6) Taxofi xe cbokb 3a 1887 r.; 7) Tasoft ate cboji aa 1888 f.; 
8) TaKoft me cboxi 3a 1889 r. h HasoHen> 9) Taaoft xe cbox> aa 1890 r. T h-uah- 

2* 



Digitized by 



Google 



":3m 



— 20 — 

Ahtb bs> otfmnx-L nepTaxs* o rfcxTb aaipaTaxt Ha otfnjecTBeHHoe 
npH3p*Hie, KOTopHa Hecjio Haine caMoynpaBjrenie. K-l cosajfc- 
niio, no 8THM-L iss^Eisiwh Hejib3fl cocTaBHTB cetfi npeflCTaBae- 

ma. 06-L OTflfolBHHX'B BHflaX-L 9THX-L pacxoflOBTb, TaKt KaiKb OHH 

noKa3aHH bi o#ho8 rpa^t, 6e3T> Karax* 6h to hh 6hjk> noj- 
pa3 ; T,ijreHifi; ho h btb bh^6 o6h^hx , b CBi^bmft ohh RMOVb no- 
HJiTie o xo#6 pa3BHTia fl-kaa npH3pima bx 3Cmckhxi pyRaxi. 
Tpynnnpya aaHHM o pacxoaaxt aeuccTBt Ha HapoflHoe 3flpaBie 
h oCmecTBeHHoe npnap^Hie sa .paflijaTb xiTb, na ot# , &j[bhhm , b 
ro^aMx, nojyiaeM'B cjrtflyiomyK) HHTepecHyH) Tatfjraijy: 

3 e m c t b a m h h 3 p a ex o ao b an o 
bx aCcojuoTHiixt ijncJpax'B, bi npoijeirrHOMt 

OTHomeHiH b* cyMari 











Heo6a3aTeJn>HiixT» pac- 










XOflOBfc. 








Ha HapojHoe 


Ha otfmecTB. 


Ha Bet ueo6m. 


n n 


1 Sfr 






3jipaBie. 


upH3piiHie. 


pacxoxH. 


c |s 












SS& 


Bt. 1871roxyuo31 


py6. 


2.074.115 p. 


484.995 p. 


8.684.060 p. 


24,4 


5,65% 


— 1872 — — 32 


— 


2.723.529 — 


636.776 — 


10.095.384 — 


26,9 


6,31 


_ 1873 


— 


3.247.174 — 


826.428 — 


10.945.055 — 


29,6 


7,55 


_ 1874 


— 


3.487.244 — 


821.453 — 


12*806.892 — 


27,2 


6,42 


_ 1875 


— 


3.932.638 — 


1.092.334 — 


14.143.609 — 


27,8 


7,72 


_ 1876 33 


— 


4.534.311 — 


1.215.565 — 


15.635.799 — 


29 


7,77 


_ 1877 32 


— 


4.720.820 — 


1.278.455 - 


16.711.320 — 


28,3 


7,65 


— 1878 33 


— 


5.086.254 — 


2.264.004 — 


18.102.820 — 


28,09 


12,51 


- 1879 — 


— 


5.365.688 — 


2.060.535 — 


18.450.687 — 


29,8 


11,11 


_ 1880 — 


— 


6.392.856 — 


2.212.272 — 


20.014 430- 


31,4 


11,05 


— 1881 34 


— 


7.106.245 — 


2.188.574 — * 


) 21.553.278 — 


82,9 


10,15 



huh bt, 1892 r. Ob TBxt nop* hobhxi hoxo6hhxi cboaobi hg noflBXHJOCB. Baao 6h 
BecBMa aejraTcitHO, htooh 3T0 no*e3Hoe H3*aHie He npeKpamaioct h ytooh bi upn- 
MtHaaiH vb Ta6jHi;aM't hjh bi» o6i>acHHTeibHOM'f> TeKcrh ynomHaiocB, Bane hmcbho 
CTaTbH pacxojOBt o6i»eiHHeHU bi rpa$axi>, hocjiiuhx-l Taxoe o6io.ee HasBame, Kara 
n o6mecTBeHHoe npH3pBHie u , ^npo^e pacxoju" h t. n. 

*) Uh<J>PH, OTlTBHeHHblfl 3B*3A0*R0fi, XOT* H 6jH3KH Kfc jrfifiCTBHTeJttHHltb, HO 

tbmt. He MGHie He buojh-b tohhu. Eojiie TOHHurt mu hg momh uojywn> 5 noroiiy 
tto bt> niKOTopue roiM pacxojH no 2 — 4 -mi ry6epHi;mi» osHaieHH o6meft cymioi 
Xui napoAHaro 3ipania h otfmecTBeuHaro npHsptnia. Bs 3thxt» ciyram. pacxojui 
Ha Raxxyn H3* 3thxi craTeft bshth hjh iwi citbti npexntecTBOBaBnaro roxa aim 
Hc^HcieHH ijji o(Sm,ecTBeHHaro npH3pinia bi Tout npoi^eHTi, Bt sasom othocjtci 
ohh K*b pacxoxaiTL Ha Hapo^eoc ajipaBie bo bcbx* ocTaibHUXi. ryoepHijixi. 



Digitized by 



Google 



35,04 


9,16 


34,7 


8,07 


36,6 


9,03 


35,6 


8,97 


35,7 


8,47 


34,9 


9,11 


36,07 


9,73 


36,4 


8,97 


86,3 


9,78 



— 21 — 

B-b 1882 — 8.100.274— 2.118.170— 23.116.323 — 

— 1883 — 8.584.486— 1.994.688— *) 24.728.220 — 

__ 1884 — 9.172.341 — 2.259.396 — *) 24.999.844 — 

__ 1885 — 9.171.227— 2.307.765 •-■*) 25.734.007 — 

. 1886 — 9.383.421 — 2.221.440 — 26.240.776 — 

— 1887 — 9.343.377 — 2.433.571 — 26.706.271 — 

— 1888 — 9.661.089— 2.607.145 — 26.777.139 — 

— 1889 — 10.160.849— 2.494.022 —*) 27.841.232 — 

— 1890 10.343.565 — 2 786.982 — *) 28.490.033 — 

UL&b npHBejeHHHX'B CB^fffcHiB ycjuaTpHBaeTca, *to Heo6a3a- 
Te^BHiie pacxojH seircTBi m> atfcojuoTHiixt ipcftpaxi B03pocm 
b*b Teieme ^Ba^ara jrfeTx b-l 3^ pa3a; pacxo#H me Ha Hapofl- 
Hoe 3flpaBie Bospocm b-b 4 ? 9 pa3a, a Ha otfmecTBeHHoe npn- 
3pfeHie (fowrfce viwb b% 5Va past. Bfc npoijeHTHoarB OTHomemH 
kb Heo6a3aTejbHOMy (foolery pacxo.pi Ha napo^Hoe 3flpaBie 
yBeiHHHJEHCB 3a TOTt me cpoKx h$cbojbeo Me Hie, whm> bx hoji- 
Topa pa3a, Ha otfnjecTBeHHoe me npHspfaue Bt lj pasa. Ot- 
cro^a oieBHjHO, hto co3Hame b*b HeotfxoflHMOCTH pa3BHTia fffcaa 
o6m,ecTBeHHar6 nprapinia pocjio b-b seMcrax'B yipeameHiax'B 
ropasao csopM, tIm* no OTHomemro kb ^pyraMx npeflMeTaM'B 
b^^his Haraero caMoynpaaieHia h jaate no OTHomemio ex Ta- 
KOMy H3JK)6jeHH0My 3eMCKOMy fljhsy, kb,kt> MeflHijiraa. PascMa- 
TpHBan ^e pocrB pacxoflOB* Ha otfnjecTBeHHoe npH3p*Hie, 
HejBsa He bh^4tb, tto wh tmesde ceicn jrfcrB (cb 1871 no 
1878 r.) TpaTH seMCTBx B03pocraH)T , B h3*b ro#a b-b ro#B #0- 
bojibho npaBHjiBHO. HcmnoHeHie npeacTaBJiaeTB tojbko 1874 r., 
Kor^a pacxo^H Ha 9totb npe^MerB h^ckojibko hohh3hjihcb h b*b 
a6cojK)THLix r b ijn^pax-B h b*b npon,eHTHOMi> OTHomemH KT> He- 
o6a3aTaBBHOMy 6io#aLeTy. mwb 6ujlo BireBaHO bto noHnaeHie, 
CKasaTB bi> HacToamee BpeMfl Tpy^Ho, ho Burfui Bt Bn^y 3Ha- 
^HTeJiBHoe noBBnneme m> tom-b me roay otfnjefi cyMMH Heotfa- 

3aTeJBHHX5» paCXOflOB-B, B03M0»H0 flOHyCTHTB, HTO BHHMaHie 

seMCTB* 6u&o OTBjeneHO otb npH3piHia BaKofi jih6o Tesymefi Ha- 
cymHofi noTpe6HOCTBH). Bi ocTajBHiie ropi BToro cemuArm 
yBeiH^eme seMcrax-B pacxo^OBt H^erL HopMajBHO, He hckjiio 
qaa n 1877 r., bx botopomx 3HaraTca noHHseme Ha 0,12 
tojbko noTOMy, hto B'B noflcnerB BMioseHO oflHoS ry6epnieS 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 

i 



— 22 — 

MeHBme, whwb bx npe^mecTBOBaBmie ro;pa. Bi c-rfcayiomee ie- 
TBipexilme (cb 1878 no 1882 r.) pacxoflH Ha tote »e npe#- 
MeTx cpa3y SHaHBnrejBHO no#HHMaiOTca h eroa b-l npoijeffraoirB 
oTHomemH kx HeotiasaTeiBHOMy 6io,p&eTy Btiine cpejHHX'B i^pi 
:3a 20 Jikrb, nocTeneHHO noHH«aK)Tca Kt KOHijy qeTHpexjrlma. 
Heo6Braa8HHfi pocrB nxt b-l bth ro.pi otfiaraaeTca nocarfcfl- 
CTBiflMH Hamefl boctotooS boAhh, BH3BaBme3 ycMeHHtia 3a6om 
o ceMtaxt y6HTBmb h paHemix'B bohhobx. Ob 1882 r. pac- 
xoah Ha otfnjecTBeHHoe npHspfeie noHH»aH)Tca #o (fojrte hjh 
MeBrie HopMa-iBHofi ijh$ph ,pa nocjrfcflHHX'B fleBara ji^tx. Mh- 
HHMaJBHHff pacxofl-B sa 9th ro.pi HatfjHOflaerca b*b 1893 r. Ho- 
Btimaflct aariM'B, cb h^kotopumh OTCTyruemaMH, pacxo#H Ha 
npHsplmie no bc^mx 34-m*b ryfiepmaM-B ^ocrararorB 2.786.982p., 
cocTaBJiffiomHX'B CBBime 9,78°/ o Bqero Heo6a3aTejBHaro (no^ReTa. 
OAHaKO npn cya^eHin o6*b araxi ip<|>paxfc, Heo6xo#ttM0 

HM^TB Bfc BH^y, TTO HMH He HC^epHHBaiOTCfl BC4 #eHe»HHa 

atepTBH seMCTBa Ha Hyaypi npHspima. npeayje Bcero ecTB ocho- 
Bame npesnojraraTB, hto cocTaBHTara „cboaob*b csi^kmH o seM- 
ckhxi cm4thhx , b flOxojax'B h pacxo^axi" noMicmra b*b rpa^y 
aflpyrie onpefffejreHHHe wl CM$r6 pacxo^u tf nocotfia neHcioH- 
hhmt> h BMepnTajiLHUMB KaccaarB, noMon^B nepeceaeHijaM'B H 
enje HfeoTopne 6ojrfce hjth MeH'fee 3HaiHTejiBHHe pacxoffa, ro- 
Topsie cbo6o^ho MoryrB 6htb OTHeceHH k-b o6m;ecTBeHHOMy npn- 
spfaiio, ecjH tojtbko nocjiiflHee noHmiaTB h^ceojbeo mnpe 
otfBTOHOBeHHaro. 3arfcirB, k-b ero ae otfaacTH OTHOcaTca Btmara 
cnraeH^iii, coaepaame npiioTOB'B h Koaomfi %&& satfpomeHHiixx 
h npecTynraix'B #frrefl, nocotfia nocTpa^aBmHMx otb HaBo^emfi 
h t. n. HaKOHe^, canaa nocTaHOBEa 3eMCKO-Me,HHipHCKaro flfoa 
TaKOBa, hto OT^kiHTB ero otb o6mecTBeHHaro npHspima oneHB 

3aTpy,0iHHTeJ[BHO. Bo BCfeCB, nO^TH 6631 HCKJHOTCBda, HCHXJaTpH- 

tcckhxx jrfrcedHHijax'B ryCepHCKHXTb seMCTBi Haxojprrca 3Hara- 
TeJiBHtifl npoi^emrB cnoKofiHHX'B flyraeBHO-6oj[BHHX , B h ciatfoyM- 
Euxb, no OTHomeHiio ki eotophm-b j^TOHie coBepmeHHO He- 

B03MOSHO; BC4 OHH B*B CyiU,HOCTH flOJI»HH HaXOJHTB Ce6t M^CTO 

bt> 3aBeAeHiaxx ,pa npH3p*Hia, a He flja jrifewma, h ecJH ocTa- 
H)Tca b*b nocjAflHHX'B, to tojbko noTOMy, hto hxx HeKy^a 6oitffle 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 23 — , 
A^BaTB. Bonpocx o6x aBasyaipH qacTH TaBHxx <$ojbhhxx H3x 

nCHXiaTpHHeCKHYB tfOJBHHIJX BX OCOtflM BOJOHUI, npilOTH HJH 
BX C6MBH HXX pOftCTBeHHHBOBX He pa3X otfcyjRflaJCfl BX 3eM- 

cbhxx co6paiiiaxx h enje bi> 1889 ro^y otchb saHHMajx bx 
racjfe apyraxx capaTOBCKoe 3eMCTB0, KOTopoe chochjocb no no- 
Boxy ero ex c^ibckhmh otisqecTBaMH, npe,paraa hmx npiraaTB 
cnoKoflHiixx 6ojlhuxx Ha CBoe noneneme 1 ). Sariaix, no cjo- 
BaMX r. A6paMOBa, o^Horo rax H3Cjr&flOBaTejreft A^TejbHOCTH 

3eMCTBa BX 06iiaCTH HapO^HOfi Me^HimHH, BX OrpOMHOMX 6ojb- 

hihhctb* seMCKHxx rytfepHiS nyBCTByeTca HacroaTeJiBHaa Hajotf- 

HOCTB H36aBHTB 60JBHHI^U OTX TaBHXX 60JIBHHXX, fliia BOTOpiIXX 

npe&iBame bx hhxx tfesnojiesHO h botopumx „Hy»HH tojbbo 
npncMOTpx h H3B*CTHoe co^epatame (xpoHHKH) tt . Bonpocx 8totx, 
no mh$huo aBTopa, pa3pi>niHTca tojebbo cx ycTpoficTBOMx cejn>- 
ckhxx 6ora,n&ieHx. ^noM^meHie HeMonpiixx, CTpaaaiomnxx 

XpOHHqeCKHMH 60Jrfe3HflMH HJIH CTapieCBHMX 6e3CHJQeMX BX3CM- 

CBifl 6ojBHHipi HBJLaeTca flja ^epeBHH jhhib cpeflCTBOMx npn- 

spfenia cbohxx mchobx, HecnocotfHuxx bx Tpyay OcotfeHHO 

nacTO npaBTHByeTca 8to cpejCTBO j^tomx, sor^a bx flepeBHi 
HesoMy 6uBaeTx npncMOTp^TB sa pascaafijeHHHMH. HecMOTpa Ha 
bc6 CTapama 3eMCEnxx Bpa^eft yBJOHHTBca otx npieMa bx <5ojb- 
hhd;li xpoHH^ecBHxx 6ojibhb[xx h pa3CJia6jeHHHXx CTapijeBx, 
botophmx HHBaEoe jriraeme uomohb He MomeTx, ohh cocTaoia- 
kxtx Bee eme He Majmft npoijeffrx bx 3eMCBHXx tfoJBHmjaxx, 
Tasx Easx nacTo y caMaro TBep^aro Bpa^ra He xBaTaeTx ayxy 
He npiioTHTB bx 6ojbhhit% BaBoro Hn6y^B 6e3HOMon^Haro CTa- 
pnsa, CyBBajBHO (SpocaeMaro Ha nponaBOJix cyjxj>6u bo3Jt£ 6ojb- 
hhijh. Coaepsame Taanxx xpohheobx otfxo^HTca otchb aoporo 
3eMCTBaMx, Tasx Easx bx 6o^BHHB(axx ohh nojB3yioTCfl h cne- 
i^asBHHMx yxojOMx, h cneryiaJiBHHMx HHTaHienx h, HaEOHeijx, 
jrikneBdeMx, h Bee bto 6esx Bcasofi no^BSH #aa ce6a bx cmhcji^ 
yjyimeHia hxx $H3HTCCBaro cocToama" 2 ). OrcKwa bh^ho, ^to 



x ) HcTopire. ooaopt nocii^oB. paaB. oxaroTB. 3aBe,n. nojr. fbjomctb. capaTOB- 
csaro ropo*. 3eMcr. sa 1866 — 1891 r., crp. 11 h 12. 

a ) a. B. A 6 p a if b i. ^to cfftaajo seMCTBO h wo oho x^aen. C.-H.-B. 
1889 r., dp. 74 h 75. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 24 — 

tio.uiiiiipi h xpjiiR zemcRUL ycraHOBjema, ynp&MaacB ^m yao- 
BaeTBopema mc^hi^hhckhx'b noTpefaocTeft Hacejema, 3a*acTyK> 
r^wnarB h Hya^aMt o6mecTseHHaro npH3p*fcma. HacsoxbRO 3Ha- 
qifTejLHO BjriaerB cocroame nocjrfc;jHaro bx ry6epHiax , B Ha no- 
rranoBKy Tarn xe Me^nqEHCKOu iacTH, bhjho ro^ npHirfcpa Kyp- 

CKOfl ry6., Bt 60-IBHHIjaX , B KOTOpofi ?HC10 XpOHHKOB-L JOCTH- 

raei'L 4702, a CTpa^aioiiyixx octphmh 6ojrfe3HanH 3179 *). 
y^e H3i OToro o/jHoro $aKTa BnojH* oieBH^a r&CHaa h He- 
pa^puBHaa csa3B, cymecTByiomaa neatly ^aTe-nBHOCTBH) 3eMCTBa 
no impoflHofi uejjnjpuA h o6mecTBenHOMy npHspimio, KOTopaa 
Bf-er^a pa3BHBaKyrca b*b npaRTinecKOfi »h3hh pyKa 061 pysy, 
bmhmiio nonojraaa h aonojmaa ^jpyrL ;*pyra. 3Ta nodoaHHaa 
CBIF3I* ^syx-L KpynHHx-L npe^MeTOB'b B^^ma 3eMCRaro caMO- 
ynjiasjieHifl oco6eHHO Har.iaflHO o6Hapy»HBae:rca npn 6o.rfce 
ao^podfiOM'L 03HaK0MJieHiH ex norytfepncRHMH ^aHHHMH pac- 
xo/^x-l seMCKExx ynpeat^eHia Ha otfnjecTBeHHoe npropfcHie cpaB- 
nHTiMT.no ct pacxoflaMH Ha uexBuwaj. 

Ilepexofla kx pa3CMOTpiHiK) sthx-b flaHHUxi, HeoCxo^HMO 
orOBOp&TBca, hto, He nwka. bo3mo»hocth cjt6,hhtb 3a H3M^Hem- 
auir itxi rax ro^a bt> ro^, mh BiiHyK^eHH o6i>euowb Hacroa- 
mefl pa6oTH ocTaHOBHTBca jhhil na CBi^Hiaxx 3a 1890 r. 
Brfs 34 3eMCRia ry6epmH, no npoijeHTHOMy OTHomemK) cbo- 
hx-l pacxo^oFb Ha o6m;ecTBeHHoe npHspime Kt odmefi cymrfc 
imKiRzsiTeJibHHTb pacxo^OBx, pacnaaaiOTca Ha jiph rpynnn. Ilep- 
Baa IJ3X hhxx, bt> no&mecTB'b 18-th ry6epmft y pacxo^yen otb 
0,ir; 40 9^ °/ CBonxt Heo6a3aTejBHHxi 6ioffr&rovb 9 t. e. 
b-l oonjeMx MeH*e cpe^Haro wa Bcixi 3eMCKHxx rytfepmft pac- 
xo^a ea btotl npe^eTB (9,78°/o). BTopaa rpynna rytfepmfl 
VAli-iflera o6n^ecTBeHHOMy npHsp%HiH> tfojBine cpe#Heff no bcIm* 
i-yui rpmaM»L i{H$pH, a HMeHHo otb 11^ ao 42,o6°/ CBoero 
fwusera Ha Heo6a3aTejBHHa naaofmocm rytfepnm nepBofi rpyn- 
niitj i»acnojaraacB Bt Ta6jrHB(4 bi nopa^Ki nocTeneHHaro yBe- 
.m^ieaia npoi^eHTa pacxo^a na 6-iaroTBopHTejbHOCTB, ^aiorb hh- 
Keeji$flyH)in;ia HHTepecHiia i^$ph: 



M Tpywi BToparo 176. cb*8w no Me^Hi^ Bonp. Kypcitaro 3eMCTBa,CTp. 323. 



Digitized by 



Google 



rw*1*r 



— 25 — 



3eM.cTuanfl napacxotfOBaflO 

vb afcaiDTHux-i. iw^»paxt; in> npoui hthomi. uriiDincmu 
kd GiojuteTy na iteotijiiia- 

Ha nexH- 



TaMooBCKoii rytfepniH 
CapaxoBCKoH . , 
C.-IIeTepCyprcKott 

MoCEOBCKOfi . 

EaaTepiinociaBOEofi 
TaspH^ecKoff • 
IlepMCKofl . 
TyjiLCKofi . 
KypCKoS . 

Kft3aKCK0H *) 

li.iajnMiprKtiii 
BojroroACKOfi 
TeepcKofl . 
PjiaaHCBoft 
RarcKOit ■ 
HoBropo^CEOfi 

CaMfiHpCKrjlt 

Caniapcitoil 



Utoto 



wa odmecTBCH- 
BoenpH^jrtHie. 

2034 p. 
1263 n 
1759 , 
5155 n 
14.453 n 
14,302 „ 
35.560 , 
15.638 , 
19.579 n 
19.574 „ 
29.882 n 
29.477 n 
45.723 „ 
75.260 n 
62.625 n 
38-101 „ 
39.032 w 
84.22 . 



nwwuny. npn:ip 

584.775 p. 0,i 6 °/ o 
329.842 , 0,i8 



204.879 
364.209 
385.525 
279.557 
732.658 
333.230 
389.245 
313.543 
418.714 
285.657 
403.520 
342.031 
489,885 
223.892 
254.275 
356.838 



0,3 
0,4 

1,4 
1,8 

M 

2,1 
2,2 

2,4 

3,2 

4,4 

5,03 

5,4 

5,5 

6,4 

6,6 

9,3 



46,1 •/«. 

48,8 

39,<.7 

28 2 

39,2 

37, a 

38, 7 

42,9 

43,7 

39,9 

45,3 

44,e 

44,4 

25,3 

43, 3 

37 >7 

43,4 

39,7 



533.644 p. 6.692.275 p. 3,i 6 39, 7. 



Vteb 3T0fl Ta&iHnii oieBHfluo, <rro nimecpeAHHMT, (t. e. Me- 
H*e 9,78°/ Beo^-iaTeibHaro tiao&aen) aeiicKHMx pacxoaaira Ha 
o^mecTBeHHoe npiutpliiiie cooTBTVrcrayerB BHmeepojnifl pacx-oat 
aa sie^mHHCKyio ^acTi (r. e. npesumaiomia 36^0/,, Heooaua- 
Teabiiaro dfofljRera). HeaHaiHTejBHoe OTRjoiieaie hs'l 9Toro ou- 
maro npaBDJia naitaioAaeTCJi tmlko bt, AByxx h3t> BoceMtiaA- 
n.iTn ryr'i'jui i ii m. MocKOBCicoif a bi PjmncKoft, bo it oho, pa- 
syst'SeTCJi, HM r BeTii cboh npHiiiHM bt. HaceJieuHocTH ryoepnifi, bi> 



+) If i. i-y'r pain vi., ruiin.'icniiMX'i :iRli:iwreoft, cyMMa pacTo^oBi. na oOuiecTncit- 
Doe npnaptnie aa 1890 r. toiho Beycranosiena. Bi> TasHn ciyiasrt mh opocTas- 
mui pacxcMtt ia opeAUtecTBOBaBiuiS wai. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 26 — 

jiiAjr.KHHX'B CHJiaxx, Bfc noTpe(>HOCTax'& h flpyraxi (^aKTopaxt, 
Bj[iaiomHX'B Ha pacnpefl&aeme 3eMCEHX-L pacxoflOBt. 

BTopyio rpynny cocTaBJunorB 16 rytfepmfi, pacxoayio- 
u^x'l Ha o6^ecTBeHHoe npH3p4Hie, East mh yate BHfffcjra, BHine- 
cpejflfix'L no bc&mtb seMCKHMi rytfepHiflM'B saTpara Ha aTorb 
npe^MeTx (9,78<>/ ), a hmghho otb 11,3 flo 42,o6%> »cero He- 
ofiaaaxejiBHaro tfioflateTa. .HaHHHa 06% bthx$ ryfiepmaxx npe#- 
CTaBJLSiOTca bs> oa'fcflyiomeitfb bh#6: 

oeMCTBaMH Hspacxo^OBaHO 

vb a6co«)THHrB n^pax*; bi» npon.eHTHOM* OTHOinemii 
ki 6ioAateTyHa Heo(fa3aTeju>- 
HHe ' pacxo;pi. 



y<()HMCKoft ry6epHin *) 
BopofieatCKoft 

flpOCJiaBCKOfi 

HnateropoflCEoff 
^epnaroBCKOfl 
IleiiaeHCKOfi 
Ho-axaBCKOfl *) 

XapiiKOBCBOfi 
OpJOBCKOfi 
QjTOHeiJEOfi . 

XepcoHCKoft 
EeccapatfcEoft 

KoCTpOMCKOfi 
ECKOBCEOfi . 

KiuryjECKoft *) 
CMOJreHCEofi 



HToro 



Ha otfmecTBeH- 
HoenpHsptme. 

68.614 p. 
123.559 „ 

66.433 „ 
101.595 „ 
161.718 „ 

71.169 „ 
228.244 „ 
211.854 „ 
144.416 „ 

83.289 „ 
219.561 „ 
136.409 „ 
116.463 „ 
159.154 „ 
140.960 „ 
219.900 „ 



Ha HexHQHHy. 

187.546 p. 
318.318 „ 
186.648 „ 
230.279 „ 
290.774 „ 
227.009 „ 
360.182 „ 
310.831 „ 
298.294 „ 
88.732 „ 
354.728 „ 
222.510 „ 
188.599 „ 
187.672 „ 
88.037 „ 
16.191 „ 



Hao6m. 


Ha me*H- 


npH3p. 


n,HRy. 


11,3 


30, 9 


12,03 


30,9 


15,! 


42,6 


16,2 


36,8 


16,3 


'29,3 


16,4 


•53,2 


16,7 


26,4 


17,9 ■ 


26,2 


18,4 


38,o8 


20,2 


21,5 


21,5 


34,8 


21,9 


19,7 


22,9 


37,2 


25,5 


30,i 


28,4 


17,8* 


42,06 


3,09 



2.253.348p. 3.556.350p. 19, 3 e 30, 5 6 



TaEHifB oCpaBOMi, bt> 16-th ry6epHiax , L BiopoS rpynnH 
BunieepeflHitf npoi^eHTt 3eMCEHXfc pacxoflOB'B Ha otfnjecTBeHHoe 
upiaap'feHie B.ieneT'B 3a cotfofi noHHaaeHie npoTHB'B cpeflraro no 
;ieMCKHMx rytfepmaMt pacxoaa na MejpijHHCByio qacTB. Ilpn He- 



*] Cm. npejiwymee npHiritaaHie. 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 27 — 

aocraTcraocTH cpeflCTBt Ha y^ORieTBopeme seMCKHxx noTpefoo- 
cxefi TaEoe aMeme ecTecTBeHHO #ojhrho 6u HatfjooflaT&ca npH 
cpaBHeHiz scmckhx'b pacxo#OB'B no bc&kb apyrHMB CTaTBflMt 
oio^ateTa. Tkwh He Menfce npoc^rfcaHTB ero npn cobm'Scthom'b 
pascMOTpfcmH pacxoflOB'B Ha npropfaie h HapoflHoe o6pa30Bame 

MOatHO TOJIBKO OTHaCTH H HeflOCTaTOHHO HOCJliflOBaTeJIBHO, Toma 

naK-L yMeHBmeHie pacxoflOBi Ha MO^Hn.HHy, cb yBexmemewb Ha 
o6mecTBeHHoe npH3piHie, BHcrynaeTx coBepmeHHO acHO h onpe- 
A&ieHHO, oneBH^HO, BcaiflCTBie rfccHofi BHyTpeHHefi cbash 9thxx 
^Byxx OTpacjefi seMCKOfi fliaTeaBHOcm 

BmneupuBe^eHHue bhbo#h 6ujlr ycraHOBjeHH hcejbohh- 
tcibho Ha ocHOBaHin AaHHHXt o npoijeHTHOMTb oTHomeHiH pac- 
xoflOBx Ha o6mecTBeHHoe npH3ptme eo BceMy Heo6n3aTejBHOMy 
(JioflateTy. Eepa .pa 9to3 u$jol tojibeo o#ho npoijeHraoe otho- 
meme, met pyEOBOflCTBOBajracB nkwb cootfpaateHieM'B, hto hmx 
peaBe$H4e o6o3HanaeTca creneHB HanpaaaeHHOCTH ycMifi ex ho- 
CTaHOBK* .naHHaro fffijia, Tor.ua EaEi oflff&MH h rfcMH »e a6co- 
jnoTHUMH uiH^paMH MoaterB bx pasjiH^Hux'B cieMCTBax'L (npH 
OTcyTCTBiH cb4a4hi8 o ^pyrnxx saTpaiax*) otfosHa^aTBca, B'B 
3aBHCHM0cra on paaii'fcpoB'B Bcero 6io#ateTa, KaKx orpoMHoe 
HanpaKeme HJiaTeffiHHX'B chjii Haceiema npn BHnojHeHin bthxi 
pacxoflOBi, TaKx h HaotfopoTx, BecBMa He3HaHHTeJBHoe o6peMe- 
HeHie hxi. B'B cMOJieHCKOMx, Hanp., 3eMCTB4 pacxoA'B Ha o6wfi- 

CTBeHHOe HpH3piHie HOHTH B'B 220 THC, COCTaMfllO^HX'B 

qyTB He nojOBHny Bcero HeotfasaTeaBHaro CiOflateTa (42°/o), 
flaeTca He jierKo h o6o3HanaeT^, noBH^HMOMy, EpataioH) 
deneHB ycaiifi nociaBHTB sjifcch 9to x&h>, Tor^a EaE* 
hohth TaKoft ate pacxoffB bt> XapBKOBCKoff ry6. (oeojo 212 t.) 
Aaeica rjul m^cthhx'b seMCTBx HecoMH^HHO cb MeHBmHM'B Ha- 
npaaeHieM'b, noTOMy hto coeTaBjraerB jthhib HeMHorHM'B tfojrfce 
V« nacTH Heo6fl3aTejBHaro Gro^sera (17,9%). HecMOTpa Ha 
9to, yEasaHHaa cba3b Meatfly pacxo^aMH Ha otfmecTBeHHoe npn- 

3J)*Hie H MeflHIJHHy HaCTOJIBEO Be^IHEa, HTO Cfl^JaHHHfi BHBOfl'B 

od'B yMeHbraeHin pacxoflOB'B Ha nocjrkflHioK) npn yBeaHHemH Ha 
nepBoe h HaotfoporB noflTBepatflaerca bi> Tasofl ate Mip4 h npn 
pascMOTpimH aficojriOTHBixx vflfyp'h. TaEi, cpe^Hift Ha Hya.pi 



Digitized by 



Google 



^w^- 



— 28 — 

o^mecTBeHHaro npH3piHia pacxo^b Ha o^Hy mi> 34-xi 3eM- 
CKHxt rytfepmfi aocTHraerB 81.937 p., a Ha nociaHOBKy Me- 
apipracKOfi tooth — 301.430 p. Bx nepsoft rpymrfc rytfepmt 
cpeflHift pacxo^B Ha npHspfcrne no o#Hoff rytfepmH naaaerBjo 
29.647 p., Ha MeanijHHy ae HOBHinaeTca flo 371.793 p. Bo 
BTopofl rpymrk, naotfopora, yBeaHTCHie 3eMCKHxx 3aTpaTt Ha 
6jraroTBopHTejBHOCTB #o 140.834 p. B&everb 3a cotfofi yiieHB- 
meme pacxoflOB* Ha BpaietfHyio toctb ao 222.272 p. TaRHMi 

06pa30M*B H 331 aTHXfc flaHHHX'B OTCBHAHO, TTO HeflOCTaTO ^HOCTB 

otfmecTBeHHaro npH3p*Hia npnxoflHTca hohth Bcerfla BOcno-raaTb 
6ojihmaM.'b npoTHB^ cpe^Haro pa3BHTieMt mo^hi^hhckoS nacTH h 

Hao6opOTB, He^OTOTH B% 9T08 nOCJT&flHeS HOHOJH«K)TCfl paaBH- 

TieMx ^iaTejiBHocTH no otfnjecTBeHHOMy nprapiHiH). Tasaa rtc- 
Haa h nocTOAHHO Ha&noflaiomaHca cba3b nea^y bthmb .pyaia 
OTpacjflMH 3eMCKofl ff6aTejiBH0CTH no6yatflaeTB, trpn oi^hk^ ea, 

pa3CMaTpHBaTfc HXX BTb COBOKyHHOCTH, KaKX ^jo o^Hopo^Hoe, 

OtfpanjaacB k-b ijh<|>pobhm , b #aHHHM*B cl 8to8 totoh apima, mm 
Bujpiwh, hto rytfepHin nepBOil rpynnn pacxoayiOT'B Ha o6me- 
CTBeHHoe npHspime h MeflHijHHy Bwkcvk CBume 42,2»/ csoero 
Heo6,a3aTejibHaro tfioflJKeTa, a ry6epHin BTopoft rpyinni okoio 
50°/ o (49,93), t. e. iiohth B#Boe (JojBine pacxo^OBt Ha Ha- 
po^Hoe o6pa30Bame (25,3°/ ). Biopaa rpynna rytfepHift, cjt&jo- 
BaTaiBHO, 6o&bme 6jiaronpiaTCTByeTB pasBHTiro h o6mecTBeHHaro 
npHspiraja h MeflHijHHBi, BM^crfe BsaTHMt. TaKoe, BHpaataion^eeca 
m> ijh^pobetx'b .naHHHXi OTHoraeHie hojiobhhh *) BeMCKHXi ry- 
6epmfi kx cbohmx otiasaHHocraM*, Ha pa#y TO»e cb sHaw- 
TeJiBHBTM'B BHHMameM'B, y^&jfleMHirB hmx co cropOHH apyroff 
hojiobhhh ry6epHia, ciyaHTB HaMynniHM'B flOKa3aTejBCTBOMi 
coBepmeHHoft HeocHOBaiejiBHocTH Toro rocnoflCTByiomaro Mirfatia, 
no KOTopoMy Hame seMCTBO Majo HHTepecoBaaocB pfaiowb o6me- 
CTBeHHaro npH3p4ma h hotth HHiero fie Cfffcrajro wm Hero. 
HanpoTHB'B Toro, ecra cpaBHHTB CTeneHB BaatHOcra nopy^eH- 



z ) CaMapcsafl ry6. Ha hh^ph pacxoxosb Ha otintecTeeHHoe npHspteie joixhe 
6htb OTHecena ko BTopofl rpymrfe h no %-My oTHomemi) sthxi pacxoxorb rt> He- 
o6ii3aTeiBHoxy ^Dxzery Toate npH6iH2KaeTCA ko 2-ofl rpymrfe. 



Digitized by 



Google 



_ 29 — 

huxx seMCTBy fl^x, to jerKO ytf^flHTBca, hto jpa o6m;ecTBeH- 
Haro xipHspiBia Hame seMCKoe caMoynpaRieHie cffkaaao He 
tojbeo Bce x hto mosho 6ujlo oanaaTB, ho jifisne (JoJEBme Toro. 
B'B incjrk, TaK-L Ha3HBaeMmx'B, „Heo6fl3aiejiBHHX'B a npe,pLeTOBi 
B^ima 3eMCTBa HaHCojrfce BasHoe SHaneHie iswkioTh: Hapo^Hoe 
3Apasie, Hapo^oe o6pa3osaHie h o6m,ecTBeHHoe npropiHie. 3a- 
t4mx, kl HHCJiy Heo6fi3aTai&HHX'B 3eMCKHxi pacxo^OBx OTHeceHH 
jjHenpeABH^HHue pacxoflH", a Taiuae rpynnnpyeMne bt> o^Hy 
o6myio rpa^y „Apyrie onpefffcjieHHLie bx CMfrrfe" mh „pa3HHe" 
pacxo^H. B'B 9Ty nocjrfcflHiOK) rpa<|>y nonaflaroTB, B'B HHCJrfc npo- 
hhx-b, pacxoaii Ha yiynmeme cejBCKaro xoaaflCTBa h npoMtxo- 
job'b, Ha MiponpiaiTia, cayatamifl kt> noflHflTiio BKOHOMH^ecEaro 
6jiarococTOflHia HaceaeHia, cpe^ciBa, yp$Ji&eima 3eMCTBaMH Ha 
noAnepasame aMepHTajBHHX'B h neHcioHHHX'B sacra otfmecTB'B 

BSaHMOnOMOmH H T. H. MeJKfly 9THMH HflTBK) EpynH-fcftHIHMH 

CTaTBaMH pacxo.ua h ao.i»hh 6bulh pacnpeffijiHTB 3eMCTBa rfe 
He3HaHHTejBHHa cpe^CTBa, EOTopua ocTaBajracB hutb sa ynoBjre- 
TBopemeMx noBHHHocrefi otfasaTaaBHHX'B. Bx 1890 r. 3eMCEia 
ynpeayjeHia pacnopaflMHCB hmh Tas^: 

Ha nap. 3ApaBie 6buo accnrHOBaHO 10.343.282 p. 

COCTaBMBIHHX'B 36,3°/ o He 

ofiaaaTejiBH. pacxoAOBx 
Ha nap. o6pa30BaHie — — — 7.226.282 p. 25,3% 
na Ap. pacxo.pi, onpe^. ciriiTanH 6.190.660 p. 21,7% 
Ha otfmecTBeH. npH3p6me — — 2.786.982 p. 9,78% 
Ha HenpeflBH^-feH. HaflotfaocrH — 1.114.872 p. 3,9°/° 

OcTaBJiaa 6e3x pa3CMOTp*HiH pacxo.pi, OTHeceHmie ex TOciy 
n HenpHffBHffJfeHHHXt a h ^yfHXXjOnpe.K'fcjieHHHX'B CM-frraMH* 1 , sasx 

HeAOCTaTOHHO BHflCHeHHHe Bl aCBOA* CBt^Hifi* X03fl3CTBeH- 

Haro ^enapTaMeHTa h pacnpefffcjuoomieca Meatfly BecBMa mho- 

THMfc OT^JLHHMH CTaTBtfMH CaMOft pa3JIHHHOft Ba&HOCTH, MM 

nojyHHM'B Tpn EpynHHfl rpynnn seMCRnxx pacxo^OBx — Ha 11a- 
po^Hoe 3,npaBie, otfpasoBame h otfmecTBeHHoe npHspime. Ifex 
hhxi> Han6ojiBmia saTpaTu seMCTBa BU3HBaJ0 napo^noe 3^pa- 
Bie. JIioah, flajieEO eroamie otb jkhshh, He pi^so HaxoflMH, hto 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 30 — 

npeflOLOTreme, OT^aBaeMoe seMCTBOMx Me^ijHHCKOMy flfcjy, He 
onpaB^HBaeTca flMcTBirreiBHofl noTpetfHOCTBio. Ho CTeneHB no- 
ciiflHeft 0H6HB ycep^HO onpe#fc.iajiacB 3GMCKHMH ynpeameHiaMH 
h no6ya^aja nxx nocroaHHO h nacToflHHBO yBejraraiBaTB cboh 
pacxoflii Ha Hapo^Hoe 3#paBie. CaMHfl acHiift h onpefl'fejeHHHit 
paacnerB, HeoAHOKpaTHO npeflxaBjaBmiftca seucuiswh cotfpamaMt, 
y6i>&RdJi r h hxx, hto aaate aieMeHTapfffcifanaa .Bpanefaaa homoiub, 
coKpanjaa Bpeara 6ojrfc3Hefi h yBeiH^HBaa padonyio CMy nace- 
jema, B03BpamaerL eMy bx ero 9K0H0MBraecK0fi »h3hh ropaaflo 
(JojiBme rfcx* pacxoAOBt, KOTopne HecerB oho Ha Me^imHHy. 
Hantfojrfce Kpymoe (fltacroie HapoflHofi skh3hh — nynoBHmHaa 
CMepTHOCTB fljkneH — AaBHo o6paTHja Ha ce6a BHHMaHie scmctb'b 
h BH3B&aa pa#B Mipx Bpane6HO caHHTapnaro xapaKTepa kx 
yMeHBineHiio ea. Y»e tojbko bx BHfly aTHXx coodpaateHifi otho- 
cht&ibho orpoMnue pacxoflH seMCTBx Ha Hapo^Hoe 3,npaBie hm^iotb 
3a co6oS nojHoe onpaBflame. Ho Kpon4 Toro MeflHUHHCBaa nacTt 

3eMCK0fi fftflTftlBHOCTH, K2Wb MH yJKe BH,ir&IH, B*B 3HaHHTeiB- 

Hofi M*p4 BOcnojHaeTB HyayjH o6mecTBeHHaro npHspima, ex 

BOTOpUHX HaXO^HTCH BT> rfcCHOff, HHOrfla Hepa3^JTBHOfi CBfl3H ? 

h y^OBJierBopaeTx EOJiHnecTBeHHO 6ojn>nraM'B sanpocaMx, h^mt* 
o6m,ecTBeHHoe npH3p4me. Raxx hh Beamta y mcb Hyat.ua bi> 
nocxbpflewby vhwb He Menfce npH3p$Hie Heofao^HMO tojbko 
MacTH Hacaaema, Toiyja Kara BpaMertnaa h caHHTapHaa homoou* 
HyaHH Bcewy HaceaeHiio. Ho9TOMy npn BcaKoft, ceojbro hh- 
Gyp> paitioHajBHOfl nocTaHOBK* ^feja, BpyieHHaro seMCEOMy ca- 
MoynpaBJieHiio, 3a6o*ra Hapo^HOMx 3jq>aBm ^ojkhh noayHHTB 
SHaHHTeiBHo 6ojBraee pa3BHTie, h^mx TasoBHa ate o6t> o6me- 

CTBeHHOMX HpH3p*HiH Kb T&CHOMX 3HaHemH 9T0r0 CJIOBa. 

noTpefiHOCTB bx Hapo.nHOM'B o6pa30BamH, bx Ea^ecTB* nep- 
BOCTeneHHOfl HyatflH, ho4th He ocnapHBaeica. OHa, RaEx h bx 
Hapo^HOMx 3^paBiH, KacaeTca Bcefi Maccu Haceiema, a He wb- 
KOTopofi nacTH ero, h noTOMy, no pasarfepaarB cbohmx, mhoto 
6ojbme HOTpe6HOCTH b% o^mecTBeHHOM'B npH3p§Hin. Kpoirfe 
Toro, Hapo^Hoe o6pa30BaHie, no^HHMaa KyjiBTypHoe paaBHTie Ha- 
ceieHia, yBejHHHBaerB npoayKTHBHocTB ero patfoTH h arfe^oBa- 
TaiLHo MoaterB 6htb pa3CMaTpHBaeM0, Basx Mipa, uanpaBjeH- 



Digitized by 



Google 




— 31 — 

H&a kt> noflaflTUO BKOHOMH^ecKaro faarococTOjraiH HacejieHia, 
np6#ynpe»#aK)maji, b'b H$KOTopoii creneHH, rameTy h (M&.hhoctb. 
Bx BH^y STHxt coo6pa»teHi#, e#Ba jle mojeho cxkjmn* ynpent 
seMCKHMt ympeTRflfimm'b m> tomx, yto Offfc ypjkMim HapoflHOMy 
o6pa30Bamio 6ojn>me cpe^CTBt, TiarB o6njecTBeHHOMy npHspimio. 
TasmrB oopasoirB, no OTHOCHTejBHofi BaatHOCTH fl^JThy nopy- 
qeHraixx 3eMCKOMy caMoynpaBJiemH), o6mecTBeHHoe npHspime 
3aHHMaen> to HMeHHO m4cto, KOTopoe aoaatHO npnHa,peataTB 
eMy no cymecTBy. Ha3Hanaa Ha Hyat.pi ero okojio 10% CBonxx 
cpeacTBt, sejiCTBa no mhoi'hm'b apyrHarB cmnb&Wh cbohx* cm^tb 
h oco6eHHO no HapoflHOMy SApaBiio yffijjnoTt eMy ate 3Ha*ra- 
TejLHLifl cyMMH, noBinnaa TaKHMTb o6j>asowb pacxo^H Ha npn- 
3p$Hie, ecm He aq Toft ate bhcoth, KaffB Ha Hapo^Hoe o6pa- 
30Bame, to bo bcakom'b cj[yw£ (wehsko k% Heft. Tasoe pa3BHTie 
^fejia ofi^ecTBeHHaro npHsp^Hia bx pyitaxt seMCTBa HecoMfffcHHO 
npeBocxoAHTi, caMBia CM-kmia o»H^amji h, kx coatajriraiio, #■&- 
jiaeT'B ^ajEbHifimifl aeMCKin 3aTpaTH Ha totl ate npe^Mert hohth 
HeB03MoatHHMH 6e3i ymep6a ^pyraMt aeMCKHMt aluraM'B h (Jesx 
TaKoro OTaromemji miaTeji&mHKOB'B HaaoraMH, KOTopoe rpaHH- 
totb cb hojihhm'b pasopemeifB nxt. Co3HaBaa 9to, seMCTBa crpe- 
mhjhcb o6e3nenHTB otfnjecTBeHHoe npnsp'feHie hsb^cthbimh cpe#- 
CTBaMH h #jlh 9Tofl n^ra, bo nepBHXTb, 3a6oTHJiHCL o npnpame- 

HiH OCHOBHHX'B KailHTaJIOB'B, a BO BTOpHX'B, H3HCKHBaJH CHe- 

i^iajiBHue hctohhhkh. OcraHOBEMca npeat#e Bcero Ha 3eMcraxi 
KaiiHTajax'B otfmecTBeHHaro npn3p§Hia. 

KannTajiu 9th, itaKx yate 6blio cnasaHO Bume, cocraBMJH 
co6cTBeHHOCTB npHKa30Bx otfmecTBeHHaro npHspiHia h, cb ynpasfl- 
HeHieMi hxx, nepenuiH ki seMCBHM'B yqpeatflemaM'B Ha ocnoBa- 
Hiflxx, H3JomeHHHX'B m> BHconafime yTBepat^eHHOBTB 1 iiojia 
1868 r. MHimn rocyaapcTBeHHaro coBfea. By#y*ra Henpmtoc- 
HOBeHHBiMH, OHH He moimh pacxoaiiBaTBca Ha Teitymifl noTpefi- 
hocth, jujlbl yAOBJieTBopema kotopbixtb aojukhh 6ujlr h^th tojbbo 
npon,eHTH cb 9 r mx r h KannTajOBi. Ho Tara KarcB 3eMCKia ynpeat- 
Aema npHHajiH pfejio npH3piHia B'B cocToamn Kpaftnaro yna,pta, 
TaBi KaKi> 3^aHia tforoyroAHiix'B 3aBe^eHift noqra noBceMbdHO 
TpedoBajH KanHTajBHHX'B nepecTpoenx h Tasi kslki> HaKOHen,i> 7 



Digitized by 



Google 



— 32 — 

3eMCKifl cpeACTBa 6ujih (Jojrfce h$mb CKyflHH, to bosmojkho 6hjio 
osKH^aTB, *rio 3eMCTBa c^jiaroTB nonHTKy BocnojH>30BaTBCJi cy- 
mecTByiomHMH KanHTajraMH #jui nponsBOflCTBa Ha hiixb Heo6xo- 
Ahmhxb nocTpoeKx. Kb c^acTBK), 9Toro He cjiy^MOCB. Hanpo- 
thb'b Toro, GjiaroaapH 3a6oTJiHBOMy OTHomeHiio kb 6-ia