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Full text of "The 9/11 Commission report [electronic resource] : final report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States"

Final Appen.4pp 7/17/04 4:21 PM Page 



APPENDIX A 



COMMON ABBREVIATIONS 



CAP combat air patrol 

CAPPS Computer Assisted Passenger Prescreening System 

CENTCOM Central Command 

CIA Central Intelligence Agency 

CONR Continental U.S. NORAD Region 

CSG Counterterrorism Security Group 

CTC Counterterrorist Center 

DIA Defense Intelligence Agency 

DCI Director of Central Intelligence 

ESU Emergency Service Unit (NYPD) 

FAA Federal Aviation Administration 

FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation 

FDNY Fire Department of New York 

FFTC Florida Flight Training Center 

FISA Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act 

FISC Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court 

INS Immigration and Naturalization Service 

ISID Inter-Services Intelligence Directorate (Pakistan) 

JCS Joint Chiefs of Staff 

JI Jemaah Islamiah 

JTTF Joint Terrorism Task Force 

KSM Khalid Sheikh Mohammed 

Legat legal attache 

MAK Mektab al Khidmat 

MON memorandum of notification 

NEADS Northeast Air Defense Sector 

NCTC National Counterterrorism Center 

NGO nongovernmental organization 

NMCC National Military Command Center 



429 



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gP- 



430 



APPENDIX 



NO RAD 

NTSB 

NSA 

NSC 

NSPD 

NYPD 

OEM 

OFAC 

OIPR 

OMB 

PAPD 

PDD 

PEOC 

SEC 

TSA 

TTIC 

UBL 

WMD 

WTC 

WTO 



North American Aerospace Defense Command 

National Transportation Safety Board 

National Security Agency 

National Security Council 

national security policy directive 

New York Police Department 

Office of Emergency Management (New York City) 

Office of Foreign Assets Control 

Office of Intelligence Policy and Review 

Office of Management and Budget 

Port Authority Police Department 

presidential decision directive 

Presidential Emergency Operations Center 

Securities and Exchange Commission 

Transportation Security Administration 

Terrorist Threat Integration Center 

Usama Bin Ladin 

weapons of mass destruction 

World Trade Center 

World Trade Organization 



Final Appen.4pp 7/17/04 4:21 PM Page 



APPENDIX B 



TABLE OF NAMES 



U.S. OFFICIALS 



Madeleine Albright 
Charles Allen 

Richard Armitage 
Larry Arnold 



John Ashcroft 
Monte Belger 

Samuel "Sandy" Berger 

J. Cofer Black 
Joshua Bolten 
Robert "Bear" Bryant 

George H.W Bush 

George W Bush 
Andrew Card, Jr. 
Richard B. Cheney 
Richard Clarke 

William J. Clinton 
William Cohen 



Secretary of State, 1997-2001 

Assistant Director of Central Intelligence for Col- 
lection, 1998- 

Deputy Secretary of State, 2001— 

Commander, First Air Force and Commander of 
the Continental U.S. North American Aero- 
space Defense Command (NORAD) Region, 
1997-2002 

Attorney General, 2001— 

Acting Deputy Administrator, Federal Aviation 
Administration 1997-2002 

National Security Advisor, 1997-2001; Deputy 
National Security Advisor 1993-1997 

Director, DCI Counterterrorist Center, 1999—2002 

White House Deputy Chief of Staff, 2001-2003 

Deputy Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation, 
1997-1999 

41st President of the United States, 1989-1993; 
Vice President, 1981-1989 

43rd President of the United States, 2001— 

White House Chief of Staff, 2001- 

Vice President of the United States, 2001— 

National Counterterrorism Coordinator, NSC, 
1997-2001 

42nd President of the United States, 1993-2001 

Secretary of Defense, 1997-2001 



431 



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432 



APPENDIX 



Roger Cressey 
Ralph Eberhart 

Tommy Franks 

Louis Freeh 
Scott Fry 

Jane Garvey 

Newt Gingrich 
Rudolph Giuliani 
John Gordon 
Al Gore, Jr. 
Scott Gration 

Stephen Hadley 
Dennis Hastert 
Karl Inderfurth 

Donald Kerrick 
Zalmay Khalilzad 



Anthony Lake 
Trent Lott 
Mary McCarthy 
John McLaughlin 

William Milam 
Norman Mineta 
Robert Mueller 
Richard Myers 

John O'Neill 



Paul O'Neill 
James Pavitt 

Thomas Pickard 



NSC counterterrorism official, 1999—2001 
Commander in Chief, NORAD and U.S. Space 

Command, 2000— 
Commander, U.S. Central Command (CENT- 

COM), 2001-2003 
Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation, 1993—2001 
Director of Operations for the Joint Chiefs of 

Staff, 1998-2000 
Administrator, Federal Aviation Administration, 

1997-2002 
Speaker of the House, 1995-1999 
Mayor, City of New York, 1994-2001 
Deputy Director of Central Intelligence, 1997—2000 
Vice President of the United States,1993-2001 
Fry's Chief Information Operations Officer, 

2000-2001 
Deputy National Security Advisor, 2001— 
Speaker of the House, 1999— 
Assistant Secretary of State for South Asia, 

1997-2001 
Deputy National Security Advisor, 2000-2001 
NSC Senior Director for Near East and South 

Asia and Special Envoy to Afghanistan, 

2001-2003 
National Security Advisor, 1993-1997 
Senate Majority Leader, 1996-2001 
NSC senior director for intelligence, 1998—2001 
Deputy Director of Central Intelligence, 

2000-2004 
U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan, 1998-2001 
Secretary of Transportation, 2001— 
Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2001— 
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs, September 2001—; 

Joint Chiefs Vice Chairman, 2000-2001 
FBI Special Agent in Charge for National Secu- 
rity, New York Field Office, 1997-2001; Chief 

of Security of the World Trade Center, killed 

on 9/11 
Secretary of the Treasury, 2001—2002 
Deputy Director of Operations, CIA, 

1999-2004 
Acting Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation, 

June 25, 2001-September 4, 2001 



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gt 



APPENDIX 



433 



Thomas Pickering 
Colin Powell 
Ronald Reagan 
Janet Reno 
Condoleezza Rice 
Bill Richardson 
Thomas Ridge 

Bruce Riedel 

Christina Rocca 
Michael Rolince 

Donald Rumsfeld 
Peter Schoomaker 

Gary Schroen 
Michael Sheehan 

Hugh Shelton 
Walter Slocombe 
James Steinberg 
Strobe Talbott 
George Tenet 
Larry Thompson 
Dale Watson 

Paul Wolfowitz 
Anthony Zinni 



Under Secretary of State, 1997-2000 

Secretary of State, 2001— 

40th President of the United States, 1981-1989 

Attorney General, 1993-2001 

National Security Advisor, 2001— 

Ambassador to the United Nations, 1997-1998 

First Secretary of Homeland Security, 2003—; 

Homeland Security Advisor, 2001—2003 
Senior Director for Near East and South Asia, 

NSC, 1997-2001 
Assistant Secretary of State for South Asia, 2001— 
FBI Section Chief, International Terrorism Oper- 
ations Section, 1998-2002 
Secretary of Defense, 2001— 
Commander, Special Operations Command, 

1997-2000 
CIA Station Chief, Islamabad, 1996-1999 
Counterterrorism Coordinator, U.S. Department 

of State, 1998-2000 
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1997-2001 
Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, 1994—2001 
Deputy National Security Advisor, 1996-2000 
Deputy Secretary of State, 1994-2001 
Director of Central Intelligence, 1997—2004 
Deputy Attorney General, 2001-2003 
Executive Assistant Director for Counterterrorism 

and Counterintelligence, FBI, 2001—2002 
Deputy Secretary of Defense, 2001— 
Commander, U.S. Central Command (CENT- 

COM), 1997-2000 



OTHERS 



Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz Crown Prince and de facto regent of Saudi Ara- 
bia, 1995- 

Yemeni; student in San Diego who assisted two 
9/11 hijackers 

Egyptian; high-ranking member of al Qaeda mili- 
tary committee 

Director General of Pakistan's Inter-Services 
Intelligence Directorate, 1999-2001 

Somali warlord who challenged U.S. presence in 
Somalia in the early 1990s (deceased) 



Mohdar Abdullah 

SayfalAdl 

Mahmud Ahmed 

Mohammed Farrah 
Aidid 



Final Appen.4pp 7/17/04 4:21 PM Page 



^ 



434 



APPENDIX 



Ali Abdul Aziz Ali 

Ahmad Khalil Ibrahim 
Samir al Ani 

Mohamed Atta 

Mohammed Atef 

Tawfiq bin Attash 

Anwar Aulaqi 

Abdullah Azzam 

Jamal al Badawi 

Said Bahaji 

Saeed al Baluchi 
Fayez Banihammad 
Abu Ubaidah al Banshiri 

Abu Bara alYemeni 

Ramzi Binalshibh 

Omar Hassan Ahmed 

al Bashir 
Abu Bakar Bashir 

Omar al Bayoumi 
Khalil Deek 



(a.k.a. Ammar al Baluchi) Pakistani; KSM's nephew; 

financial and travel facilitator for 9/11 plot 
Iraqi intelligence officer who allegedly met with 

Atta in Prague, Czech Republic; currently in 

U.S. custody 
Egyptian; tactical leader of 9/11 plot; 

pilot/hijacker (AA 11) (deceased) 
(a.k.a. Abu Hafs al Masri) Egyptian; al Qaeda mili- 
tary commander (deceased) 
(a.k.a. Khallad,Waleed bin Attash) Yemeni; senior 

al Qaeda operative connected to the U.S. 

embassy bombings, the USS Cole attack, and 

the 9/11 attacks; currently in U.S. custody 
U.S. citizen; Imam at Rabat mosque (San Diego, 

CA) and later at Dar al Hijra mosque (Falls 

Church.VA), who associated with two 9/11 

hijackers 
Palestinian; founder of the Maktab al Khidmat, 

which provided logistical support to mujahi- 

deen in Afghanistan (deceased) 
Yemeni; co-conspirator arrested in Yemen for the 

USS Cole attack 
German son of Moroccan immigrant; Hamburg 

cell associate 
Saudi; candidate 9/11 hijacker 
Emirati;9/ll hijacker (UA 175) (deceased) 
Egyptian; al Qaeda military commander until 

1996 (deceased) 
(a.k.a. Abu al Bara alTa'izi, Suhail Shurabi, and 

Barakat) Yemeni; potential suicide bomber in 

original 9/11 plot 
Yemeni; Hamburg cell member; coordinator for 

9/11 plot; currently in U.S. custody 
President of Sudan, 1989— 

Indonesian; spiritual leader and founder of Jemaah 
Islamiya, al Qaeda— affiliated terrorist group in 
Southeast Asia 

Saudi; assisted two 9/11 hijackers in San Diego, 
CA 

U.S. citizen; created electronic version of Encyclo- 
pedia of Jihad; believed to be involved in millen- 



Final Appen.4pp 7/17/04 4:21 PM Page 



^ 



APPENDIX 



435 



Caysan Bin Don 



Zakariya Essabar 

Janial Ahmed Mohamed 

al Fadl 
Ahmed al Ghanidi 
Ali Abd al Rahman al 

Faqasi al Ghanidi 
Hamza al Ghanidi 
Saeed al Ghanidi 
Saeed ("Jihad") al 

Ghanidi 
Hassan Ghul 

Abu Hafs al Masri 
Abu Hafs al Mauritani 
Wadi al Hage 



Mushabib al Hamlan 
Hani Hanjour 
Mustafa al Hawsawi 

Nawaf al Hazmi 
Salem al Hazmi 
Ahmad al Haznawi 
Gulbuddin Hekmatyar 



Saddam Hussein 
Zein alAbideen 

Mohamed Hussein 
Abu Hajer al Iraqi 
Riduan Isamuddin 

Ziad Jarrah 

Abderraouf Jdey 



nium plot to destroy tourist landmarks in Jor- 
dan 

(a.k.a Isamu Dyson, a.k.a Clayton Morgan) U.S. 
citizen; met two 9/11 hijackers in Los Angeles 
and San Diego, CA 

Moroccan; Hamburg cell associate 

Sudanese; al Qaeda member who defected to the 
United States in 1996 

Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (UA 175) (deceased) 

(a.k.a. Abu Bakr al Azdi) Saudi; candidate 9/11 
hijacker; currently in U.S. custody 

Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (UA 175) (deceased) 

Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (UA 93) (deceased) 

Saudi; candidate 9/11 hijacker 

Pakistani; al Qaeda facilitator; currently in U.S. 
custody 

see Mohammed Atef 

Mauritanian; senior al Qaeda theologian 

U.S. citizen; al Qaeda operative; Bin Ladin's per- 
sonal assistant; convicted in embassy bomb- 
ings trial 

Saudi; candidate 9/11 hijacker 

Saudi; 9/11 pilot/hijacker (AA 77) (deceased) 

Saudi; al Qaeda media committee member; finan- 
cial and travel facilitator for 9/11 plot 

Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (AA 77) (deceased) 

Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (AA 77) (deceased) 

Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (UA 93) (deceased) 

Afghani; founder and leader of the Hizb-e-Islami, 
a Taliban opposition group; Prime Minister of 
Afghanistan, 1993-1994; 1996 

President of Iraq, 1979-2003 

(a.k.a. Abu Zubaydah) Palestinian; al Qaeda asso 
ciate; currently in U.S. custody 

see Mamdouh Mahmud Salim 

(a.k.a. Hambali) Indonesian; operational leader of 
Jemaah Islamiya; currently in U.S. custody 

Lebanese; 9/11 pilot/hijacker (UA 93) 
(deceased) 

(a.k.a. Faruq al Tunisi) Tunisian/Canadian; candi- 
date 9/11 hijacker 



Final Appen.4pp 7/17/04 4:21 PM Page 



^ 



436 



APPENDIX 



Mohamed al Kahtani 
Mir Amal Kansi 

Hamid Karzai 

Younis Khalis 

Khallad 

Wali Khan Amin Shah 



Ibn al Khattab 
L'Houssaine Kherchtou 



Usania Bin Ladin 
Ibn al Shaykh al Libi 

Ahmed al Nanii 
Sheikh Saeed al Masri 
Ahmed Shah Massoud 



Khalid al Mihdhar 
Khalid Sheikh 

Mohammed 
Majed Moqed 
Mounir el Motassadeq 
Zacarias Moussaoui 

Hosni Mubarak 
Pervez Musharraf 
Abdelghani Mzoudi 
Qutaybah al Najdi 
Abd al Rahim al Nashiri 

Mullah Mohammed 

Omar 
Abdul Aziz al Omari 
Muammar Qadhafi 



Saudi; candidate 9/11 hijacker; currently in U.S. 
custody 

Pakistani; extremist who killed two CIA em- 
ployees at CIA headquarters in Virginia in 
1993 (executed) 

Interim Leader and later President of Afghanistan, 
Dec. 2001- 

Afghani; leader of Hizb-e-Islami; hosted UBL 
upon his return to Afghanistan in 1996 

seeTawfiq bin Attash 

(a.k.a. Osama Asmurai) Turkmen; early associate of 
Usania Bin Ladin; convicted in Manila air 
(Bojinka) plot 

Saudi; mujahid leader in Chechnya 

(a.k.a. Joe the Moroccan, Abu Talal) Moroccan; 
former al Qaeda member -who broke with 
Bin Ladin and became a U.S. government 
informant 

(UBL) Saudi; head of al Qaeda 

Libyan; head ofjihadist training camp in Afghan- 
istan 

Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (UA 93) (deceased) 

Egyptian; head of al Qaeda finance committee 

Leader of Afghanistan's Northern Alliance, a Tal- 
iban opposition group (assassinated Sept. 9, 
2001) 

Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (AA 77) (deceased) 

(KSM) (a.k.a. Mukhtar) Pakistani; mastermind of 
9/11 attacks; currently in U.S. custody 

Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (AA 77) (deceased) 

Moroccan; Hamburg cell associate 

French; arrested in the U.S. in connection with 
the 9/11 attacks 

President of Egypt, 1981— 

Leader of Pakistan, 1999— 

Moroccan; Hamburg cell associate 

Saudi; candidate 9/11 hijacker 

(a.k.a. Mullah Bilal) Saudi; mastermind of USS 
Cole attack; currently in U.S. custody 

Leader of Afghanistan's Taliban, which ruled most 
of the country from 1996 to 2001 

Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (AA 11) (deceased) 

Leader of Libya, 1970— 



Final Appen.4pp 7/17/04 4:21 PM Page. 



APPENDIX 



437 



Fahd al Quso 

Sayyid Qutb 

Eyad al Rababah 

Abd al Rahim Ghuluni 
Rabbani 

Sheikh Omar Abdel 
Rahman 



Saud al Rashid 
Ahmed Ressam 



Mamdouh Mahmud 
Salim 

Yazeed al Salmi 

Abdul Rasul Sayyaf 

Aysel Senguen 
Nawaz Sharif 

Marwan al Shehhi 

Mohand al Shehri 
Wail al Shehri 
Waleed al Shehri 
Mohamedou Ould Slahi 

Yazid Sufaat 
Satam al Suqami 
Madani al Tayyib 
Zuhair al Thubaiti 
Fahad alThumairy 



Hassan alTurabi 



Yemeni; al Qaeda co-conspirator arrested in 
Yemen for the USS Cole attack 

Egyptian writer; member of Muslim Brotherhood 
(deceased) 

Jordanian; Virginia resident who helped Hazmi 
and Hanjour 

(a. k. a. Abu Rahmah) Saudi; al Qaeda member 
who worked closely with KSM in Karachi and 
assisted many of the 9/11 hijackers 

(a.k.a. the Blind Sheikh) Egyptian cleric; 

convicted for crimes related to 1993 World 
Trade Center bombing and 1995 plots against 
other NY landmarks 

Saudi; candidate 9/11 hijacker 

(a.k.a. Benni Antoine Noris) Algerian; convicted 
in millennium plot to bomb Los Angeles Inter- 
national Airport 

(a.k.a. Abu Hajer al Iraqi) Iraqi; chief procurement 
officer for al Qaeda in Sudan; arrested in con- 
nection with 1998 embassy bombings 

Saudi; briefly a housemate of a 9/11 hijacker in 
San Diego 

Afghani; head of the Hizbul-Ittihad El-Islami, and 
KSM's mentor 

German; fiancee of 9/11 hijacker Jarrah 

Pakistani Prime Minister, 1990-1993, 
1997-1999 

Emirati;9/ll pilot/hijacker (UA 175) 
(deceased) 

Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (UA 175) (deceased) 

Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (AA 11) (deceased) 

Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (AA 11) (deceased) 

(a.k.a. Abu Musab) Mauritanian; recruited 9/11 
hijackers in Germany 

Malaysian; member of Jemaah Islamiya 

Saudi; 9/11 hijacker (AA 11) (deceased) 

Saudi; former head of al Qaeda finance committee 

Saudi; candidate 9/11 hijacker 

Saudi; Imam of King Fahd mosque in Los Ange- 
les; accredited diplomat at Saudi Consulate in 
Los Angeles 

Sudan's longtime hard-line ideological leader and 
Speaker of the country's National Assembly 



Final Appen.4pp 7/17/04 4:21 PM Page 



& 



438 



APPENDIX 



Prince Turki bin Faisal 
RamziYousef 



Khalid Saeed Ahmad 

al Zahrani 
Mohammed Haydar 

Zammar 
Ayman al Zawahiri 

Hamdan Bin Zayid 

Abu Zubaydah 



during the 1990s 
Saudi intelligence chief prior to 9/11 
(a. k. a. Abdul Basit) Pakistani; convicted master- 
mind of and co-conspirator in 1993 WTC 
bombing and Manila air (Bojinka) plots 
Saudi; candidate 9/11 hijacker 

German citizen from Syria; jihadist; possible 
recruiter of Hamburg cell members 

Egyptian; UBL's deputy and leader of Egyptian 
Islamic Jihad terrorist group 

Emirati; Minister of State for Foreign Affairs of 
the United Arab Emirates 

see Zein al Abideen Mohamed Hussein 



Final Appen.4pp 7/17/04 4:21 PM Page 



(^ 



APPENDIX C 
COMMISSION HEARINGS 



The Commission held 12 public hearings during the course of its investiga- 
tion, convening for a total of 19 days and receiving testimony from 160 wit- 
nesses. The following is a list of hearings and witnesses in order of their 
appearance. All witnesses appearing during the 2004 calendar year testified 
under oath. 

FIRST PUBLIC HEARING 

Alexander Hamilton Customs House, NewYork, N.Y. 
March 31-April 1, 2003 

The Honorable George Pataki, Governor, State of NewYork 
The Honorable Michael R. Bloomberg, Mayor, City of NewYork 

The Experience of the Attack 

Harry Waizer, survivor, Cantor Fitzgerald, LP 

David Lim, Police Department, Port Authority of NewYork and New Jersey 

Lee Ielpi, Fire Department of NewYork (retired) 

Lieutenant Colonel Brian Birdwell, United States Army 

Craig Sincock, United States Army (retired) 

Representatives of the Victims 

Stephen Push, Families of September 1 1 
Mary Fetchet,Voices of September 1 1 
Mindy Kleinberg, September 1 1 Advocates 
Allison Vadhan, Families of Flight 93 

The Attackers, Intelligence, and Counterterrorism Policy 

Daniel Byman, Georgetown University 
Abraham D. Sofaer, Hoover Institution 
Brian Jenkins, RAND Corporation 
Magnus Ranstorp, University of St. Andrews 

439 



Final Appen.4pp 7/17/04 4:21 PM Page. 



440 APPENDIX 

Borders, Money, and Transportation Security 

Glenn Fine, Inspector General, U.S. Department of Justice 

Lee Wolosky, Boies, Schiller & Flexner LLP 

Gerald Dillingham, Director, Civil Aviation Issues, General Accounting Office 

Law Enforcement, Domestic Intelligence, and 
Homeland Security 

Michael Wermuth, RAND Corporation 

Steven Brill, Author, After: How America Confronted the September 12 Era 

Zoe Baird, Markle Foundation 

Randy Larsen,ANSER Institute for Homeland Security 

Immediate Response to the Attacks 

Shawn Kelley, Assistant Chief, Arlington County Fire Department 
William Baker, American Society of Civil Engineers 
Ken Holden, Commissioner, New York City Department of 
Design and Construction 

SECOND PUBLIC HEARING 

Congress and Civil Aviation Security 

Hart Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C. 

May 22-23, 2003 

Congressional Oversight 

Representative Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) 
Senator John McCain (R-Az.) 
Senator Joseph Lieberman (D-Conn.) 

Intelligence Oversight and the Joint Inquiry 

Senator Bob Graham (D-Fla.) 
Senator Richard Shelby (R-Ala.) 
Representative Porter Goss (R-Fla.) 
Representative Jane Harman (D-Calif.) 

Affected Constituencies 

Senator Charles Schumer (D-N.Y.) 
Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-N.Y.) 
Senator Jon Corzine (D-N.J.) 
Senator Frank Lautenberg (D-N.J.) 
Representative Jerrold Nadler (D-N.Y.) 
Representative Christopher Shays (R-Conn.) 

State of the System: Civil Aviation Security 
on September 11 

Jane Garvey, former Administrator, Federal Aviation Administration 
Kenneth Mead, Inspector General, Department of Transportation 
James May, Air Transport Association of America 



Final Appen.4pp 7/17/04 4:21 PM Page 



APPENDIX 441 

Bogdan Dzakovic, Civil Aviation Security Inspector, 
Transportation Security Agency 

September 11, 2001: The Attacks and the Response 

The Honorable Norman Mineta, Secretary ofTransportation 
Major General Craig McKinley, Commander, 1st Air Force and the 

Continental United States NORAD Region (CONR) 
Lieutenant General Mike Canavan (retired), former Associate Administrator for 

Civil Aviation Security, Federal Aviation Administrator 

Reforming Civil Aviation Security: Next Steps 

Stephen McHale, Deputy Administrator, Transportation Security Agency 

Major General O.K. Steele (retired), former Associate Administrator for 

Civil Aviation Security, Federal Aviation Administration 
Mary Schiavo, former Inspector General, Department ofTransportation 

THIRD PUBLIC HEARING 

Terrorism, al Qaeda, and the Muslim World 
Russell Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C. 
July 9, 2003 

Al Qaeda 

Rohan Gunaratna, Institute for Defence and Strategic Studies 
Mamoun Fandy, United States Institute of Peace 
Marc Sageman, University of Pennsylvania 

States and Terrorism 

Laurie Mylroie, American Enterprise Institute 

Judith Yaphe, National Defense University 

Murhaf Jouejati, Middle East Institute and George Washington University 

Mark Gasiorowski, Louisiana State University 

The Challenge within the Muslim World 

Rachel Bronson, Council on Foreign Relations 
Steven Emerson, The Investigative Project 
Gilles Kepel, Institute of Political Studies, Paris 
Dennis Ross, Washington Institute for Near East Policy 

FOURTH PUBLIC HEARING 

Intelligence and the War on Terrorism 

Russell Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C. 

October 14, 2003 

Leadership of U.S. Intelligence 

James R. Schlesinger, former Director of Central Intelligence and 
Secretary of Defense 



Final Appen.4pp 7/17/04 4:21 PM Page 



442 APPENDIX 

John M. Deutch, former Director of Central Intelligence and 
Deputy Secretary of Defense 

Intelligence and National Security Policy 

James B. Steinberg, The Brookings Institution and former Deputy 
National Security Advisor 

Warning of Transnational Threats 

Richard Kerr, former Deputy Director of Central Intelligence 

Mary O. McCarthy, former National Intelligence Officer for Warning, 

Central Intelligence Agency 
John Gannon, Staff Director, House Select Committee on Homeland Security 

FIFTH PUBLIC HEARING 

Private / Public Sector Partnerships for Emergency Preparedness 
Drew University, Madison, N.J. 
November 19, 2003 

Highlights of New Jersey's Public/Private Sector Partnerships 

The Honorable James E. McGreevey, Governor, State of New Jersey 

The Challenge of Private Sector Preparedness 

John Degnan,The Chubb Corporation 

Skyscraper Safety Issues from 9/11 Family Members 

Monica Gabrielle, Skyscraper Safety Campaign 
Sally Regenhard, Skyscraper Safety Campaign 

Public/Private Initiatives Since 9/11 

Michael F. Byrne, Director, Office of National Capital Region Coordination, 

Department of Homeland Security 
Dennis J. Reimer, Oklahoma National Memorial Institute for 

Prevention ofTerrorism 
Richard A.Andrews, National Center for Crisis and Continuity Coordination 

Private Sector Experience on 9/11 

William Y.Yun, Fiduciary Trust Company International 

Standards for Emergency Management and 
Business Continuity 

Glenn Corbett, John Jay College of Criminal Justice 

Randall Yim, Director, National Preparedness Team, General Accounting Office 

Future Strategies for Private Sector Preparedness 

William G. Raisch, Greater New York Safety Council 
Peter R. Orszag,The Brookings Institution 
James Haviaris, Rockefeller Group Development Corporation 
Thomas Susman, Ropes & Gray 



Final Appen.4pp 7/17/04 4:21 PM Page. 



APPENDIX 443 

SIXTH PUBLIC HEARING 

Security and Liberty 

Russell Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C. 

December 8, 2003 

Intelligence Collection within the United States 

Larry D.Thompson, former Deputy Attorney General of the United States 
Philip B. Heymann, former Deputy Attorney General of the United States 
Stephen J. Schulhofer, New York University, School of Law 

Protecting Privacy, Preventing Terrorism 

Judith A. Miller, former General Counsel, Department of Defense 
Stewart A. Baker, former General Counsel, National Security Agency 
Marc Rotenberg, Electronic Privacy Information Center 

Preventive Detention: Use of Immigration Laws and Enemy Combatant Des- 
ignations to Combat Terrorism 

Jan Ting, Temple University 

Khaled MedhatAbou El Fadl.UCLA School of Law 
David Martin, University ofVirginia School of Law and former General 
Counsel, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department of Justice 

Government Organization and Domestic Intelligence 

The Honorable William P. Barr, former Attorney General of the United States 
John J. Hamre, former Deputy Secretary of Defense 
John MacGaffm, former Associate Deputy Director for Operations, 
Central Intelligence Agency 

SEVENTH PUBLIC HEARING 

Borders, Transportation, and Managing Risk 
Hart Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C. 
January 26-27, 2004 

The Border Security System Prior to September 11 

Mary A. Ryan, former Assistant Secretary for Consular Affairs, 

Department of State 
Doris Meissner, former Commissioner, Immigration and Naturalization Service, 

Department of Justice 

An Incident in Florida 

Jose E. Melendez-Perez, Inspector, Customs and Border Protection, 
Department of Homeland Security 

Visas and Watchlisting Today 

Maura Harty, Assistant Secretary for Consular Affairs, Department of State 
Russell E.Travers, Deputy Director, Information Sharing and Knowledge 



Final Appen.4pp 7/17/04 4:21 PM Page 



444 APPENDIX 

Management Department, Terrorist Threat Integration Center, 
Central Intelligence Agency 
Donna A. Bucella, Director, Terrorist Screening Center, Federal Bureau 
of Investigation 

The Response to September 11 on the Borders 

James Ziglar, former Commissioner, Immigration and Naturalization Service, 

Department of Justice 
Robert C. Bonner, Commissioner, Customs and Border Protection, 

Department of Homeland Security 
Peter F.Verga, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Homeland Defense, 

Department of Defense 

Aviation Security on 9/11: The Regulators 

Jane F. Garvey, former Administrator, Federal Aviation Administration 
Cathal L. "Irish" Flynn, former Associate Administrator of Civil Aviation 

Security, Federal Aviation Administration 
Claudio Manno, Assistant Administrator for Intelligence, Transportation 

Security Administration 

Aviation Security on 9/11: The Airlines 

Edmond L. Soliday, former Vice President of Safety, Quality Assurance, and 

Security, United Airlines 
Andrew P. Studdert, former Chief Operating Officer, United Airlines 
Gerard J. Arpey, Chief Executive Officer, American Airlines 
Timothy J. Ahern.Vice President— DFW Hub, and former Vice President of 

Safety, Security, and Environmental, American Airlines 

Acts of Courage in the Sky 

Nydia Gonzalez, Manager, Southeast Reservations Center, American Airlines 

Risk Management after September 11 

James M. Loy, Deputy Secretary, Department of Homeland Security 

EIGHTH PUBLIC HEARING 

Counterterrorism Policy 

Hart Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C. 

March 23-24, 2004 

Diplomacy 

The Honorable Madeleine K.Albright, former Secretary of State 
The Honorable Colin L. Powell, Secretary of State 

The Military 

The Honorable William S. Cohen, former Secretary of Defense 
The Honorable Donald H. Rumsfeld, Secretary of Defense 

Intelligence Policy 

The Honorable George J. Tenet, Director of Central Intelligence 



Final Appen.4pp 7/17/04 4:21 PM Page 



APPENDIX 445 

National Policy Coordination 

The Honorable Samuel R. Berger, former Assistant to the President for 

National Security Affairs 
Richard A. Clarke, former National Coordinator for Counterterrorism, 

National Security Council 
Richard L.Armitage, Deputy Secretary of State 

NINTH PUBLIC HEARING 

Hart Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C. 
April 8, 2004 

The Honorable Condoleezza Rice, Assistant to the President for 
National Security Affairs 

TENTH PUBLIC HEARING 

Law Enforcement and Intelligence 

Hart Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C. 

April 13-14, 2004 

Law Enforcement, Counterterrorism, and Intelligence Collection in 
the United States Prior to 9/11 

The Honorable Louis J. Freeh, former Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation 
The Honorable Janet Reno, former Attorney General of the United States 

Threats and Responses in 2001 

Thomas J. Pickard, former Acting Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation 
Ambassador J. Cofer Black, former Director, Counterterrorism Center, 

Central Intelligence Agency 
The Honorable John Ashcroft, Attorney General of the United States 

The Performance of the Intelligence Community 

The Honorable George J. Tenet, Director of Central Intelligence 

Preventing Future Attacks Inside the United States 

John O. Brennan, Director, Terrorist Threat Integration Center, 

Central Intelligence Agency 
Lieutenant General Patrick M. Hughes, Assistant Secretary for Information 

Analysis, Department of Homeland Security 
John S. Pistole, Executive Assistant Director for Counterterrorism and 

Counterintelligence, Federal Bureau of Investigation 
James L. Pavitt, Deputy Director of Operations, Central Intelligence Agency 

FBI Leadership and Initiatives Post-9/11 

The Honorable Robert S.Mueller III, Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation 
Maureen Baginski, Executive Assistant Director for Intelligence, 
Federal Bureau of Investigation 



Final Appen.4pp 7/17/04 4:21 PM Page 



446 APPENDIX 

ELEVENTH PUBLIC HEARING 

Emergency Response 

New School University, NewYork, N.Y. 

May 18-19, 2004 

Alan Reiss, former Director, World Trade Center, Port Authority of 

NewYork and New Jersey 
Joseph Morris, former Chief, Port Authority of NewYork and 

New Jersey Police Department 
Bernard B. Kerik, former Commissioner, NewYork Police Department 
Thomas Von Essen, former Commissioner, Fire Department of NewYork 
Richard Sheirer, former Director, NewYork City Office of 

Emergency Management 
Raymond W. Kelly, Commissioner, NewYork Police Department 
Nicholas Scoppetta, Commissioner, Fire Department of NewYork 
Joseph F. Bruno, Director, NewYork City Office of Emergency Management 
The Honorable Rudolph W. Giuliani, former Mayor, City of NewYork 
Dennis Smith, Author, Report from Ground Zero 
Jerome M. Hauer, former Commissioner, NewYork City Office of 

Emergency Management 
Edward P. Plaugher, Chief, Arlington County Fire Department 
The Honorable Michael R. Bloomberg, Mayor, City of NewYork 
The Honorable Thomas J. Ridge, Secretary of Homeland Security 

TWELFTH PUBLIC HEARING 

The 9/11 Plot and National Crisis Management 
National Transportation Safety Board Conference Center, 

Washington, D. C. 
June 16-17,2004 

Al Qaeda 

Mary Deborah Doran, Special Agent, Federal Bureau of Investigation 
Patrick J. Fitzgerald, U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois 
CIA Officials 

Outline of the 9/11 Plot 

Jacqueline Maguire, Special Agent, Federal Bureau of Investigation 

James N. Fitzgerald, Special Agent, Federal Bureau of Investigation 

Adam B. Drucker, Supervisory Special Agent, Federal Bureau of Investigation 

CIA Officials 

Military Response on 9/11 

General Richard B. Myers, United States Air Force, Chairman, 
Joint Chiefs of Staff 



Final Appen.4pp 7/17/04 4:21 PM Page. 



APPENDIX 447 

Admiral (select) Charles Joseph Leidig, United States Navy, 

Deputy Director for Operations, National Military Command Center 
General Ralph E. Eberhart, United States Air Force, Commander, 

North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) and 

United States Northern Command 
Major General Larry Arnold, United States Air Force (retired), 

former Commander, Continental United States NORAD Region (CONR) 

FAA Response on 9/11 

Monte R. Belger, former Acting Deputy Administrator, Federal Aviation 

Administrati o n 
Jeff Griffith, former Deputy Director, Air Traffic Control, 

Federal Aviation Administration 
John S.White, former Facility Manager, Air Traffic Control Systems 

Command Center, Federal Aviation Administration 
Benedict Sliney, Operations Manager, New York Terminal Radar Approach 

Control, Federal Aviation Administration