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Full text of "HADITH RAAITU RAJLUN MIN UMMATI Eighteen Stations From Death To Jannah"

HADITH 
RA'AITU RAJLUN MIN UMMATI 
(I SAW A MAN OF MY UMMAH) 

Muhammad Umar Chand 
Introductory Remarks: 

Someone may wonder why he can't just eat a 
plateful of vitamins and live a healthy life. Anyone 
who tries such a rich diet, will certainly poison 
himself to death. We are often advised by our 
doctors to have a balanced diet. If we eat only one 
kind of food, richest food though it maybe, we are 
not going to live a healthy life. Similarly, we often 
wonder why we can't go to Jannat by just doing any 
one of the pious activities: our salat, or our sawm, 
or our Tableegh. Why do we have to do well in all 
phases of our life before we can go to Jannat? Over- 
all piety in all good deeds is important for getting to 
Jannat as balanced diet is necessary for a healthy 
life. If any ingredient is missing in our diet, we are 
likely to get sick. Similarly in order for us to 
deserve Jannat, we have to take care of 
Huqooqullah (the rights of Allah over us to obey 
Him and worship Him) and Huqooqul 'ibaad (rights 
of His servants, other human beings, other 
creatures). Only after balancing these two shall we 
go to Jannat: otherwise, the Quran says, "Woe to the 



worshippers [those who say their daily regular 
prayers]"-- [Wailul-lil-Mussaleen.] 

In order to understand this point, we shall look at 
the following hadith of Rasoolulllah (SAW) which 
shows in rather practical terms how various kinds of 
good deeds come over to help the servant of Allah 
on his way to the Jannat as his transition starts right 
from the moment he or she encounters death. The 
Prophet (Sallallahu 'Alaihi Wassalam) speaks of "A 
man of my Ummat" in 18 various situations from 
the moment of death to his entering the Jannat. We 
can either imagine this "Man of my Ummat" as the 
same person in all the 18 situations, or different 
persons encountering one or the other situation of 
hardship out of those 18 stations. Naturally, if we 
believe in the life hereafter, we have to believe that 
we are bound to pass through stations, because, 
believe it or not each one of those situations is 
going to stare us in our faces— and we are going to 
encounter (face) it. 

As we read the Hadith, we should stop at every 
situation and contemplate how we are going to fare 
in each one of those situations. Are our actions 
[a'amaal] good enough to come to our rescue when 
we pass through those situations? 

We have adapted the introductory explanation and 
the narration of the Hadith from Rasheedudin Al- 
Maibudawi's Tafsir Kashaful Israr wa Uddatul 



Abrar, volume 1, pages 256 to 257 in the Tafsir of 
Ayat wa idh akhaddhnaa Meethaaq Bani Israel 

Al-Maibudawi (began working on his tafsir in 520 
A.H) was a student of the famous Sufi Scholar 
Khwajah Abdullah Ansari (died 381 AH). He 
quotes the Hadith from Ibn Abdul Bir and Abu 
Musa in the book At-Targheeb and Ibn Jawzi in Al- 
Wafaa. The Hadith is narrated by Sa'eed Bin Al- 
Mussayib from Abdur Rahman Bin Samarah. 

Qurtabi and Ibn Kathir also mention this Hadith in 
his Tafseer of Ayat 14: 27, quoted from Abu 
Abdullah Al-Hakim At-Tirmidhi from his book 
"NawadirilUsool". 

Tirmidhi says Hadathna Abi, Hadathna Abdullah 
bin Naafi'a, from Ibn Abi Fadiq from Abdur 
Rahman bin Abdullah from Saeed al-Musayyab 
from Abdur Rahman bin Samrah. He said, Allah's 
Messenger (Sallallahu 'Alaihi Wassalam) came out 
to us one day when we are in the Madinah Masjid, 
and he said [Innee raitu al-baarihatu 'ajaba. Raitu 
rajulan min ummatee.. (..cr^ 1 1> <-)=>■ j <-yb). The rest 
of the Hadith is similar. . .] The Arabic versions 
provided here are from Tafsir Ibn Kathir and 
Qurtabi on Internet, Attafasir 
http://www.altafsir.com/ 



AL-MAIBUDAWI'S INTRODUCTORY 
REMARKS: 

Al-Maibudawi says the best of the commandments 
of Torat, Injeel, Zaboor and Furqan can be 
summarised, in two phrases: 

a. At-Ta'adheem li-amrillah (i.e. 
Magnification or exaltation and Respect 
for the commandments of Allah) and 

b. Shafqat 'ala khalqillah— compassion 
over the creation of Allah.) 

Al-Maibudawi says this magnification or exaltation 
[Ta'adheem] is expressed in terms of sincerity and 
Truthfulness ["Sidq"] and this Compassion 
["Shafqat"] is expressed in terms of Rafqat (gentle 
companionship). The teachings of Muhammad 
(SAW) aimed at helping people understand that this 
Sidq and this Rifq are great deeds, commanding 
reward [thawaab] and they are a source of success 
[falaah] and salvation [Najat]. Al-Maibudawi says 
that is the essence of 'aboodiyat (the state of being 
an obedient servant to Allah). Thus Prophet (SAW) 
explained to his people the greatness of each and 
every good deed by illustration and by example 
showing how rewarding they were. He (SAW) 
motivated the individuals of his Ummah to resort to 
good deeds. 



THE HADITH 

From Kashafalasrar wa Uddatul abrar 

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Abdur Rahman Bin Samarah said, the Messenger 
of Allah (SAW) said, "I saw a strange (dream) at 
night. 

1 . I saw a man from my Ummat (about to die). The 
angel of death came so that he could extract his 
soul (forcibly, without showing any gentleness). 
Then the piety and good manners [birr] that he 
used to show to his parents came along and 
prevented him from it (being treated harshly by 
the Death) [fa-dar'a-hu 'anhu] (allowing his soul 
to be flowed out with ikraam [with gentle 
respect]. 

2. Then I saw a man from my Ummat so that there 
were Shayaateen, Satans running after him (to 
seize his soul to take it to Jahannum). Then 
along came the Remembrance (Dhikr) of Allah 
'Azz wa Jalla (that he used to do in his life)-- and 
saved or freed him from them. 

3. Then I saw a man of my Ummat (in such a 
condition) that the punishment of grave was 
being made ready for him. Then along came his 
ablution [wudhu] (that he used to perform). Then 
it saved him from this punishment. 

4. Then I saw a man of my Ummat (in such a 
condition) that the angels of punishment had 
(already) seized him. Then along came his salaat 
(daily prayers) and snatched him away from 
their (the angels') hands. 



5. Then I saw a man of my Ummat so that he was 
lolling (his tongue out) because of thirst and 
whichever tank of water he went to, they would 
refuse to give him a drink. Then along came his 
fasting of the month of Ramadhan. Then it took 
him by the hand and gave him a drink and 
quenched his thirst. 

6. Then I saw a man of my Ummat (in such a 
condition that he passed by groups of people 
wanting to sit in their company.) There were 
Prophets sitting in groups. To whichever group 
he turned, they turned him away from it. Then 
along came his bath [ghusul] that he used to do 
to clean from ritual uncleanliness [junub]. It took 
him by the hand and made him sit by my side 
[the side of Prophet Muhammad (SAW)]. 

7. Then I saw a man of my Ummat (in such a 
condition) that he had darkness in front of him, 
darkness on his right, darkness on his left, 
darkness above him, darkness under him— so 
much so that he was bewildered and baffled, 
confused and confounded [mutahayyer]. Then 
along came his Hajj and Umrah (pilgrimage and 
Ziarah) and both of them took him out of the 
darkness and both of them placed him in the 
light. 



8. Then I saw a man of my Ummat (in such a 
condition) that he was talking to the believers 
and the believers were not talking to him. Then 
along came the Uterine Tie [Silae-Rihm] (love 
and respect that he used to show to his relatives 
and friends), and It (Silae-Rihm] addressed the 
believers saying, "Oh you groups of believers, 
this man used to honour uterine ties [so you 
ought to honour him]." Then the believers talked 
to him and shook hands with him and embraced 
him, and he stayed with them. 

9. Then I saw a man of my Ummat (in such a 
condition) that he was afraid of the Fire (of hell) 
which was blazing fiercely and the flames were 
on his hands and on his face. Then along came 
his Alms (sadaqah, khairat) that he used to give 
away and it provided shade over his head and 
protection and cover over his face. 

lO.Then I saw a man of my Ummat who had been 
seized by a large flame of fire (of hell). Then 
along came his Commanding people to Good 
Deeds [Amr bil Ma'roof] and his Preventing 
them from Evil Deeds [Nahiy 'anil Munkar] and 
took him out of it and made him safe with the 
Angels of Ar-Rahman, the Compassionate 
Allah— and then he remained with them. 

1 1. Then I saw a man of my Ummat (in such a 
condition that) he was bowing on his knees (in 

10 



prayer) and there was a veil [hijab] between him 
and Allah (SWT). [That is, his prayers were 
inaccessible to Allah (SWT)]. Then along came 
his Beautiful Character [Husn Khulq] and took 
him (gently) by the hand and then entered him 
(in the Presence of) Allah (SWT), 'Azza wa 
Jalla. 

12.Then I saw a man of my Ummat (in the 

condition that) they were giving him the Book of 
his Deeds in his left hand [a sign that he was to 
be sent to Jahannum]. Then along came his Fear 
of Allah [Taqwah, Khashiyat]— and took his 
Book of Deeds from his left hand and placed it 
into his right hand [a sign that he would be sent 
to Jannat.] 

13. Then I saw a man of my Ummat (in such a 
condition that) he was standing at the brink of 
the Jahannum [about to fall in it]. Then along 
came his Awe [Wajal] of Allah (SWT) and it 
saved him from it. 

14.Then I saw a man of my Ummat (in such a 
condition) that he was about to fall down [from 
the Sirat] into the fire of hell. Then along came 
his Weeping and Tears [in his awe of Allah] and 
took him out the fire of Jahannum and 
straightened him up, putting him on the Sirat 
[the path leading to Jannat.] 



11 



15. Then I saw a man of my Ummat whose balance 
of Good Deeds fell lighter (as compared to his 
Evil Deeds). Then along came his Afrakh (his 
children who had died in infancy) and made the 
Good- Deed side of the Balance heavier. 

16. Then I saw a man of my Ummat who was 
standing on the Sirat [the path that is described 
as sharper than the sword and thinner than a hair, 
a path through which a person is required to 
walk in order to get to Jannah. The path passes 
through the territory of Jahannum]. He was 
shaking in terror as a dry leaf shakes on a windy 
day. Then along came his Good Conjecture 
[Husn Dhann] about Allah (SWT) and pacified 
his terror and let him through on the Path. 

17. Then I saw a man of my Ummat (in such a 
condition) that he was still on the Path [Sirat] 
hastening, picking up speed, at one moment and 
falling down at another moment. Then along 
came the Salat (Durood, Blessings) he sent on 
me [the Prophet SAW] which raised him on to 
his feet and let him walk through the Sirat (the 
Path). 

18. Then I saw a man of my Ummah (in such a 
condition that) he had reached at the gate of the 
Jannat— and they had closed all the gates, 
locking him out. Then along came his 
Testification (bearing witness [Shahadah]) of 



12 



"There is no god except Allah", and then they 
opened the gates of Jannat for him and thus he 
entered Jannat. 



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23 



ACTIVITIES FOR LEARNERS I: 



STATIONS AFTER DEATH: 

ADHAAB FOR KAAFIR, REWARD FOR 

BELIEVER 

1. Every person is, eventually, approached by 
Death: The Death of Momin is easy and 
pleasant, the Death of Kaafir will be hard, 
difficult, and painful. Which good deed is going 
to come to his rescue at this station? 

2. As the soul leaves the Body, it will be received 
either by good Angels or by evil Satans. Satans 
in this vision are trying to snatch away the soul 
of the dying person to themselves. Which good 
deed of his is going to save him from the hands 
of Satans and hand him over to Angels. 

3. As his relatives bury him and leave him in the 
grave, there is a punishment being made ready 
for him in the grave. Which one of his good 
deeds is going to save him from the Punishment 
in the grave? 

4. On thee Day of Judgement, Angels are ready to 
punish. Which one of his actions is going to save 
him from that punishment? 

5. On this hard day of Judgement, people will 
suffer from the Eternal Thirst. Which one of his 
good deeds is going to help him quench his 
eternal thirst. 



24 



6. On the day of Judgement, the nations [umam, 
singular Ummah] will gather around their 
leaders —Prophets. Whichever group this person 
will turn to, the people there will turn him away 
refusing to allow him to sit in their Company. 
Which one of his deeds will intervene for him to 
be accepted in the company of the Prophet 
(SAW)? 

7. On this Day of Judgement, people will be 
surrounded by the Darkness of their of their 
actions. Which one of his good deeds will bring 
light for him to get out of the eternal darkness? 

8. On this hard day of isolation, Believers will be 
enjoying their conversation with the people of 
their kind. No one will be willing to talk to this 
man. Which one of his good actions will 
intervene and get him introduced to the company 
and conversation of the pious? 

9. On this hard day when the Man's hand and feet 
are being attacked by the fire of hell which one 
of his good deeds is going to save him from this 
punishment? 

10. As he is being engulfed by the Flame of Fire 
which one of his good deeds comes to his 
rescue? 

1 l.His bowing in prayer is not being acceptable to 
Allah because of the presence of the curtain 
[hijab], which one of his actions helps remove 
the curtain? 

12.Receiving the Book of Deeds in the left hand is 
suggestive of his going to the hell-fire. As the 



25 



Book of Deeds is being given to him in his left 
hand, which one of his actions comes forward to 
snatch it away from the left hand and place it in 
his right hand? 
13. As he is standing at the brink of Jahannum 

which one of his actions comes to save him from 
the Jahannum? 

14. As he is about to fall in the Fire of Hell which 
one of his actions comes to save him from it? 

15. As the Balance of his Good Deeds is light which 
action comes into make the scale of his good 
deeds heavier? 

16. As he is shaking like a dry leaf at the Sirat which 
one of his good deeds sets him straight 
(removing from his heart the fear)? 

17. As he is unstable at the Sirat— hastening to 
straighten one moment and falling over the next 
moment which one of his good actions comes to 
straighten him up? 

18. As he is standing outside the gates of Jannat 
which have been closed on him, which one of 
his actions comes to have the doors of Jannat 
open for him? 



26 



ACTIVITIES FOR LEARNERS: 

Following eighteen Personfications of Good Pious 
Deeds of the Prophet's Ummat help the Believer at 
1 8 various Stations [Maqamaat] of hardship from 
Death to entering paradise. Can you match these 
Good Deeds with the Stations [Maqamat] where 
they help the Believer. The Stations are given in the 
order they are described in the Hadith. Write down 
a, b, c, etc. in front of the stations. 



THE LIST OF 18 


THE LIST OF STATIONS 


GOOD DEEDS 




OF ADhAAB 


a. Salat (5 daily 


1. 


He is being approached by 


prayers) 




Death 


b. Salat (Durood) 


2. 


Satans are trying to snatch 


Blessings on the 




away the soul to themselves 


Prophet 


3. 


Punishment in grave is 


c. Wudhu 




being made ready 


(Ablution) 


4. 


Angels ready to punish 


d. Ghusul Janabat 


5. 


The Eternal Thirst 


(bath from 


6. 


Preventing people from 


impurity) 




sitting in the Company of 


e. Fasts of Ramadan 




Prophets 


f. Dhikirillah 


7. 


Darkness all over 


(Remembrance of 


8. 


Believers are not willing 


Allah) 




talking to this man 


g. Uterine Ties 


9. 


Man's hand and feet are 



27 











(Looking after 


being attacked by the fire of 




relatives) 


hell 




h. Good Behaviour 


10. He is being engulfed by the 




with Parents 


Flame of Fire 




i. Sadqah (Alms, 


1 1 .His bowing in prayer is not 




Khairat) 


being acceptable to Allah 




j. Witnessing There 


because of the presence of 




is no god except 


the hijab 




Allah 


12. He is receiving his Book of 




k. Having good 


Deeds in his left hand 




conjecture about 


13. He is standing at the brink 




Allah 


of Jahannum 




1. Hajj and Umrah 


14. He is falling in the Fire of 




m. Good Etiquettes 


Hell 




n. Keeping good 


15. The Balance of his Good 




conjecture [Husn 


Deeds is light 




Dhan] about 


16. He is shaking like a dry leaf 




Allah (SWT) 


at the Sirat 




o. Fear (Khawf) of 


17. He is hastening one moment 




Allah 


and falling another moment 




p. Terror (Wajlah 


at the Sirat 




drom Allah) 


18. He is standing outside 




q. Death of children 


Jannat the gates having been 




in infancy 


closed on him. 




r. Commanding 






people towards 






good deeds and 






preventing them 






from evil deeds. 




28