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YKFAIHCLKHH COIJIOJII.OI'H^IHHH IHCTHTYT. 



YKPAIHCbKA PEBOillOUm. 

Po3Biji;KH i MaTepiajiH. EHnra TpeTa. 



flAB/lO XPHCTIOK. 



3AMITKH I MATEPIflJIH 



*o 



icTopii yh*pai»cbKoi pescuiouii. 

1917—1920 pp. 



Tom III. 



1921. 



^HKTaTypa noMiminriB i KaniTajncTiB. 

P03fliiJI I. 
TeTtMaHCBKHfi nepeBopoT. 

I. „Bn(iopH" reTbMaHa i reTbMaHChKi ,,3aK0HM" npo AepHOBHMH 
yCTpiw YKpai'HH. B reTwraHCLKOMy iiepeuopori (ipaio- aKniBHy y¥acn> Tpn 
cub : ni«eip>Ke bihclko mn npoBOflOM mMea^Kiis I'cHepajriB, noKuunKn 
(„Coh)3 aeMeatKux co6cTBenHiiKOB") i Kamia-iieni 3 pociSetKrara o$m{epaXH 
— ko6poboju>ii,$oii[ t;l ipiona yKpaiHCBKa Cypatyaaifl — Tan 3BaHa ,,yKpaiH- 
ctKa r HeiOKpaTiraHO-xii6opo()ci>Ka napm". CaMoio aKTitBiiofo i piinaioioio 
fiyjia nepma ciuia — msenj.Ke BificbKo. Bona $aKTHHHo i nepeBeaa nepe- 
BopOT b nopoayniHHio a jipyroio cmoh> — HOMUHJiKara tu KanrrajiicTaMH, 
BHKopHCTaBnra b fleKopaTFBHHS Djaax TpeTio ciixy — ffpi6Hy yKpaiHCbKy 
"'vpiKyaaiio. 

TBOpeHHH Eiimfljm reTBMafliipHH noiajiocb 3 oOesBOpoeHHfl — b mi 
8 26.- na 27. kbIthh 1918. pony — iiepinoi yKpalHctKoi „CHHboP' ;rHBi3ii, 
mo CKJia^aaact a oyBninx iicTOHeimx i nepe6yBa.m toj^i b KhM. Pob- 
•ii'ipnRimji oyjio uepeBejteao npoBOKaojfiHO ; (Jyio BiiKopmiTaHo (pipny jrim- 
CTepeTBa BifietKOBHS ciipas (lleHTpajibHOi Paj;n), ane, nomTHBum aaaflajie- 
ri ii. namp Hinn;iB aSyrHCt aimiail a Kuiua, BirpoGmo 6y.no csiii mum 
poaiJwpjiyBaHHfl i~ (3 nepeBe^eHHaM K03aidB b dapiiniHCtKi itucoJin). IJjijih 
JOBicTepcTBa He B^aBca, « isa iioro HinnaniH oyjie BHKopHCTano. IlicjiH 
UtOTO na xpyriii ,T;eHL, ceoVro 28. kbIthh, sifloyBCff amora Hai3j HiimiR 
3 nannirpmncaMH i KyjiesteTara na IJeHTpaJibHy Pa^y, mo cane BintSyBajia 
sacisaHHH ; apeniTOBaHO urisicTpiB, npnuycoBO npimuHeHO aaci;;aaEa Pa#n 
b nepesejieHHaji nepcoHajibHiis TpyciB y npjicyTHk Ha aaci^aHHio iKems 
PafflH i nySjHKn. i Tpycy b KaHneMpiflx uap.imieitTa. Hapenrri, me ,vm 
ni3mme — 29. KB&raa — BijtfyjiHCb ,.BH6opn" reTtsana he s'i3jj noiri- 
mitKiB ra cijitcKHX EyjtamB, mo caise aiopaBca y KhM 

IIpo n,i onepeToini Bn6opH faaera inicajni TaKe: 

„29. kbithh BiafiyBca b Knlsi 3'Isfl 3e»JieBaacHHKiB. PaflHaiica bouh b njipKy 
nia oiopoHoio HiMcmxoro tiScisa, 3'lsfl; Bi^KpiiB ceiiraim K b a- 
a e h k npoBOBOH), hkok> BiiaB Hpacyraix, EHcaoBSiore™ Ha^bo, mo, nose, CRopo 
BBiiitca taepna KiaciB, KOTpa coTBopnit uopnsoK i gspotimb nam KpaB jcoryHHM". 
Iloiia ion caMHa KoBaaeHtto b cboIu npowOBi aaaBUB : „lteBTpa.'HHOi Pa^u "ani na 
lrpHSBaeHo, 86Me»HHi KOMiieriB TaKoac. Ma npocHMG ircrafiHO ycyHyiu Is, 6o bohh 
npan,»Baan He s-ia soCpa, a aa niKoay uapoflosi yKpa'i'HB. Haa norpiOna TBepaa 
Baacit, i hh n CTBOpano !" Hnmi irpoBOBn,i — cemHe i nosiiUHKH — TaKoac yci 
uanajiajiH na IJeHTpaMHy Pa^y, npaBmeatcTBo ia Ha 3eaeaiad KOHiiem. „Fmh 
3 Pafloio, reii 3 BiaicTpaxH', reit 3 3eneJiBHiiHH KomiieTaao !* pa3-no-pa3 Kpniana 

1* 



4 — 



aaaone seMaeBjiacjiiuui. „ IIpcsciaamiKaM eou,iajii3ny neifa Mica,a npa B-iacTH. > T cTa- 
iioB'ii iJSopn BnSipaanca uifl 3arpoaoK> oafneiis, i tobj' bohh He aoaiyn Bia,6yTnca. 
^ocuit con,iaaicTMiHUX eKcnepiHeHiia ! u roaopaa noiiiiUHE Paaiepi, 

Koao ajiyroi rojpiHii b cIhib napsy s'flBHJiaca 101a ciopoxi — a o- 
Hajt 500pociKciKHi o$jin,epin, 036poeHHX pymHnn,aiiH. Ko.io 3. roa,naH 
Ka a'l3a npnoyn lenepan Haaao CKoponaaciKiifi b TOBapHcroi oij»Hn,epiB. 
B Tofi iac, as Bin saflaas .itoasy, Konaieno asepnyBPa 3 TpaoyHTi jo 3"i3jy : 

— Heoi ik BJiacra naM ipefia ? 

— reitstaaa! — saayHaao b napKy. Is ueii aeHT bci .tBepHyanca a,o iioitd, 
b aula CBftis teHepaa CKopona^ctKiifi. 

Hieaa utoro shob noiaanca upoMOBH. RpieEKO b cbo'Ih nponoBi nis- 
KpeODB, m,o, na fioro ijJiKy, Baacit nosHHHa Gym a,HETaTopc6Ka. 3aaa saa,piacaaa 
Bij; omreeKLB la okjhkib : „EpaBo! L „reTMiaBa!" „ypa!" „Hexa3 assme reitMaH!" 

tenepaa CEoponaa,CLKitii ojiycTHB asoxy i noaBHBca na nflpEOBift cn;eHi. 
Okibkh me soLiinmnica. Bin noHJJiyBaBca 3 ^enaan npcjajQl 3'i3iy, a noiix, be 
i-iajo b 3aai cnoKiuno, 3BepnyBca a, npacyTHix 3 caoaaMH : „IIaaoBe ! JJaEyio Ban 
aa re, mo nopyiacie sem BaacTi. He saa kophcth 6epy a na ce(Se rarap xBnaeBoi 
Baacin. Be casm snaeie, mo Bcswi inHpuTj>oa aHapxia i mo iLilkh iBcpa,a aaacTB 
3Moa;e sasecTn aaa,. Ha sac, xaiGopoo'a, i Ha >i,o6pe xyHajoiHX Kpyrax Haceaenaa 
t'ty^y onnpainca. Moaio Bora, mod aas Hasi cnay BpaTyaaTH yEpaifly." 

IlpoHOBy TeTLitaHa noEpmo oKaraiaim : „ypa! Maoraa aiia! Heiaii iKHBe 
acuoBeaBKOaiHHn reTBaan !" reTMtana niflHeceno Ha pyaH i odHeeeao no 3aai. 

Ilicaa utoro reTMian Ci;opoaajt;CBEHH BisnpaBHBca ^o caoopy cb. Co<pi'i 
i u&bhs lipiicaTy na BipnieTL yKpalni. Ha naomi cb. Co$ii Bi^opca noaefiini,, 
a enncEon HnKojnji 3pooHB ofipai, nocTpfljKeHHa i noMa3aHHS reiLxana. 

Jra 30. KBiiHa Ha Mypax Kaisa noHBHBcn Kaai^ecT reTBMaaa CKopoflaflCLKoro 
— .TpaMOTa 3,0 Bctoro yKpainctKoro napojiy', bkow yKpa'iHeiKa HeHTpaatHa Pasa 
i nonepeaae coniajicTmnc HimcTepciBO, a TaKoa 3eneJii.Hi KOMiieTn cKacoBaHO." (I). 

Oct amcT iy>opo „Mamif>ecTy" : 

„rpanoTa 3,0 bcboto yKpaiHcutoro Hapoj;y. 

TpoMaiaJie YEpalnn ! BeiM Baa, K03a.KH ra rpoHaxane yKpaiHH, Bijosii ud.iii' 
ociaHHioro Hacy, soan ^sepeaojt jmaaca Epos Kpaniis amis FKpalHH i 3Hosa bia- 
posateaa yKjjaiHciEa JI,epacaBa cioaaa Ha spare aarafieai. BpaTysaaacB sosa 3aBfl,aKH 
aoryxKLoay niflTpHiiaHHio HeHipaJBHHi ^epatae, aEi, fiip&i csoesty caoBy, npo^oB- 
^jyioTi i no n,efi lac Coporaca aa BLiBHiciJ. i choeIS yEpa'ina. np« TaEiB nijw e P ;K ni 
y Bcix 3apo2Mact Hajia, nto noHHeitca Bia6y,iOBaHHa nopaaEy b .Hepacasi ft 6koho- 
HnyHe acHTia yKpalHH yBifi^e, speaiTJ, b HopMajiine piBnH,e- 

Aae n,i Ha^il ne cnpaBjcnanca. ByBine yKpa'fHCiEe npaBHiejibciso ae ajificHH.io 
j.epffiaBH0ro fiyiyBanHa yEpai'HH, 60 Gy.io 30Bcin HesffaTHe ao n,boro. BemKeTH 
si aHapiia npoxoBSKyioTtcs na yEpatm, eEOHOMH^na pylHa i 6e3po6iiTa 36iii1.n1y10Ti.ca 
i pocnoBCK^yroTBCff 8 KOSKHM jHex i, Bpenni, nepex, HafifiaraTiuoio ko-ihcb yKpaiaOHi 
dae rpi3Ha Kapa roao^y. 

Hpa iaKi» CTaHOBBmi, HKe 3arpoaiye hoboki KaTacTpocfoio yupaiai, ramjoK" 
(■KoanxHyao Bci ipyaoBi Macii HaceaeaHa, asi Enciyniiaii 3 EaTefopaiHHH s 0MaraHHa51 
Herafino 36yjyBaTH TaKy xepscaBHy saany, ana a^aTHa (jyaa 6 3ade3ae™TH HaceaeHHH> 
cnoKiii, saKOH i KOKJiiiBicTt xsop^ol itpani. Hko Bipanfi chh yapalan, s nocTaHOBHK 
BUKjuKHyTHcff Ha n.e\i uosauE i \111na na ce6e THK<iacoBo bcjo lioBHury Baajn. 
Ot nieio rpaitoToio a oroaoiuyio cefie TeitJiaHOM Bciei 
Fspaiii. 

ynpasa yspaiHoio 6yje nposaffHTHea ^epe3 nocepe^nHHTBo npH3HaieHoro 
mhob KafiiueTy MinicTpin i na ociaTOiaiH ofifpyHTOBaHHio npnaosKeHHx npn ni» 3a- 
KoaiB npo THJanacoBHii sepacanHHH yciplft yKpalnn. 

II, e h t ]) a .1 l n a i M a a a Paji, a t a k a: Bci seieiLii k « i- 
ieTH, Bi^; HJEimiioro jiKa po3nycEan)iLca. Bci iiiicTpn 
i TOBipami aBiiBHaioiBCa. Bci HHaii ypajtOBui, mo npanioiOTi b nepasaB- 
hhi iHCTHTyn,iai, siciajoTtca na cboIi nocaa,ax i noBanai rrposoBa^rBaiH BHEOHaaaa 

CBOII 0€0BHBsiB. 

B HafiSaHatqaH iiac 6ya,e BURasuu saKOH, ycTaHOBaHiOOTn nopaji,OK snCopis ao 
yEpaiHCLEoro Cofiiiy. fl,o moro a fiyiy TBepso ctobth ua Mopoati nopaajty fi 3a- 



o — 



kohhociu b yKpaiHctKiii ^epsKaBt, oyjiy soaaraTuca neraanoro BiiKOHanHS acix 
flepjKaBHHi posnopajiKiB i Gyay niATpHayBaTH aBTOpnieT Baaa,H, He cuiiBMOMHca hi 
nepes aawau HauKpaBHiiruian aipaan. 

II p a b a upnaaTBOi jjiicbocih, bk $yH,n,aaenTy KyjibTypH ft n,iBini- 
3an.il, BiAuyffoayioiBca b ii o b n i ii nip!, i bci p03nopai.KH oysmoro 
VKpaincLKoro yp»Ay, a ras caao Taaiacoaoro pocifictKoro ypajy, BisaiflarcTbca: 
I KacyiottCfl. BUCysoByGTtca noBiia CBO<5oj;a no poapoflaeaaK) KynHHX no Kynai- 
lipoaaati aeaai. Ilopyi 3 b,hm uysyTB upniiuaTi aipa no BHBJiacHeHHio 3eaeib no 
ih'icHiB Si EapTOCTii bis Beairemt BaucniiKiB san Ka^LneHBg aeaeatHMH yiacTKam 
aaao3eafeiiajix laiSopofiiB. PiBHOiacno flysyTi. isepso 3a6e3neiem rtpasa poSiniHioi 
kbscb. OcoOjinsy ysary asepaeTtca na nojiinmenHa npaaoBoro cianoBnma i yaoB 
npani :',a.ii3Bn>JHHKLB, KOipi apa bhkjxiiho TaacKitx yaonax ai na oshh «ac ne 
KiuaaM i'Boe'i Li^noBua-iiHOi npani. Ha eEonoaniHia i (jiiHanconis noai nisoyso- 
ByeTBca noBHa CBoSofta ToprOBai ii BisKpnnaeTica nrapOKHU npocrip npjiBaTnoro 
iiiinpHeaetBa ft iHiniaraBH. 

Ilepeafiaiyio bcki Tpysnicit npani, nto ctoitl nepeso anoio, i jiojiki Bora 
,uitii aeni enay, mpo jj,ocTofino BUKonaTH Te, mo a yBa»:aio caola ouobb3kok nepes 
pisHOio yKpalHOro a cyiaciinfi BHBaio^HHii i KpHTHmrnii ^jia nei uac. Meai saneiri 
i lyari aid 6 to ne Cyan B.iacBi no6ya,KH, fi tojiobhoio esoeio aeioio a ciaBJuo 
icopncTi i soupo naposy Bcia soporoi naa yKpainn. B nifi CBisoaocTJt nanny scix 
sac, rpoaasan i K03aKis yKpalan — o>3 pi;KHiin,i nanioHaaiEOCTH i BipoiccoBisaHna 
— noaomi aeni ii no'iit npanbOBBiiKaa i cniBpoOiiHEEaa a namia saraJisHiM aeaHKO- 
BUnoBiAaiBHia j,bii. 

TeTtaaH Bcie'i yKpainn II a n .1 o CioponajciKii ii. 

29. kb'ltbs 1918. p, EniB." 

JciOiKem ik jtfl rpei „rpaMOTii" „ 3 a k h n 11 p t ii s n ae e it fi 
aepacaBHHt jcipii yKpainn" 3Byia.nH Tan: 

,,THiciacoBo so BnGpanna Coiiay i BisKpHrra ftoro j;iaaiHOCTH aepseaBiraii 
vi-ipiB yKpainn i nopaa,OK KepyBaHHH ocHoayeTbra na oinnx 3aKOHax : 



II p o r e t h a a n c h k y b x a x, J, 

1. Bnasa yir|iaBn naac:KHTL bhiukimbo so Teitaana >'K]ia'iHi[ b an;Kai Bciei 
.VKpaiECbKOl JepsaBH, 

2. 1'eTbMan eisepsacy« 3aKOun, i (ies iioro caaKnil blbkbh saitoH ne aoa;e 
na™ CB3S. 

A. PeitaaH npHsaaiat OxaaaBa Pasu MiflicipiB. Oiaaaii MiaicrpiB CKaasae 
liatfinei i ][|)esCTaaaatt fioro a noBHia cK.iasi na saTBepsxeiiHffl reTtaana. I'GTiaan 
aaiBepjijBye i CKaconyR KaOineT y noania fioro CKaafli. TeTisaH npaiiMae i 3Biatnae 
iihbihi ypasoBHi ocifi b Pasi, bo.ih xaa oeraHnix ae ofifpyaTOBaHo saKOHoa aumoro 
nopasKy npnnnaiQana i 3Bijii,HeHH!i. 

4. TeTtaaH e aafiBHayifi KepoBnninif acii aHocnn > r KpaInci.Ko"i ll|ep;i;aBii 3 aa- 
KOpsoa Baxfl jepasiBajni. 

5. TeTtaaH « sepsoBnuil BoeBoaa yspaiHCHtdl Apai'i Ta *.itoni, 

6. TetLaaa oroaoaiye oCaacTn na BiiebKOsia, oca^*i« a6o BmaiGiHia ciam. 

7. reTiaanoBi najresan noan.iyBaHHS aac(y^»eaBCC, nojieKineHHa xapn i aa- 
ra.ibae nponaHHa apo6.ioEEi upociyriHHi noftifi 3 KacyBaaufla npora hhx nepecjiiay- 
BaaHfl i BHsBoaeBBii 'ii uia. cyjiy i sapn, a TaKoas ciMasanaa sepacasmn: nofiopiB 
1 .napo.BaHHs anaocTn b ocoCiicthx Bimanual, Koan una ne HapyuiaioTbca -ana\ oxo- 
poaeai saKOHoa LHTepeCH ia rpoaasamiKi npaaa. 

_ 8. HaKa3n i poanopaxKii TeTLaana aaKpin.iaiaTECH O-raaaHoa-MiiricTpoB, ado 
BijtiOEisnua uoay ainicipoa. 

II p b i p j. 

9. nepeioBow b yKpaiHCbKifi flepsaBH Bipo» e xpHCTnancMca, npaBodaaaaa. 

iu. Hci He _ npnnsjiewm so npaaoejiaBHOi BipH rpoaajnane yKpalnotKOi Rep- 

xaiiH. a TaiwiK bci aeraKanni H a TepHTopii yspaiHn, KopHctyioTEca koikj,hI na Koac- 

iua mem tBoOumna BisnpaBaeHHaa Ix BipH i fiorocayssenna no n o6>ay. 



— a — 



II p a b a i o (5 o u a 3 k ii y t ]i a i n c i. k ii x k o 3 a k i a t a r p o x a x n h. 

11. y«0BR irjjiuSaHHH npas VEpalactEoro EoaantBa ia rpoMa,iaHciBa. a tok 
caxo Ix yipa^eHHa 03Hana»iica aaKonox. 

12. 3aiacT PiABoro Kpato — ne ofioBaaoK KOauoro E03asa Ta rpoxajasiiiHa 
yEpalnciKOI flepataBii. 

13. .VKpaKHctui KosaKn ta rpoxaiume aoBuaai naaniTH ycTaHOBjiem sauoHO.x 
nn,;aiKii ii MHTa, a Tanoac BixOyBaiH qobhhhocth, 3rijH0 3 nocTaHOBOM saKOHy. 

14. Hiiro He jiuvkc nusaraiH uepec.ii^vBaiiHK< aa npocTynne .inaiinii dhuiiim, 
cnocoOoa, se tUikh oaHaienax saKOHOi. 

16. Hino ae nose 6ym 3aipnsaHHH nia cxopoacew HHaKnje, hk jibmc y bh- 
na,iKax, 03uaueaax sasoHox. 

16. Hino He «oate 6yiH cyiaceHnfi 1 noKapannii liaaKme, as mlku 3a npo- 
(■TviiHi ,ii.iaaaa, nepe;;6aicHi iciKyroqiixit b lac !x s^iflcaeHiia aaKonaxn. 

17. Oeeita Koataoro HenopymHa. PoOhth oGiayK) Banna i apemT a oyAUKEy flora 
rocnosapa mosuirbo se HBaKiue, be y wiiiaj.Kax i b nopaflsy, oaiiaaemix aaKoaox. 

15. KnK r T.]iii YKpalHctKHii Koaas i rpoxasaHHH «ae upaBo bi.ii.hii anCipani 
xeniEaHua i npavio, naflyBaTii ii npo^aBaTii laaso ia 6ea 3a6opOHa Bm^VKaiii 3a 

KOp^OH yEpalECLKOl J^CpacaBH. ' 

19. BjacHicn ii e n i> p y ni h a. UpHxyeoBe EHB-iacaeHiia Hepyxoxoro 
xaiiaa, kojih n,e Heortiij^o a,ia sEOi-ueOy^t aepacasaoi hh rpoaa^i'tKOi KOpiicni, 
MoacjHBe ae HHanuie, aK aa Bi,i,iiOBi,nHy njaTHio. 

20. yEpaiHCbKi E03aKE Ta rpoxa^aae sawn npaso poOmu aiQpaHaa b aeiai 
He raKiRJiiiBai saKOHax, rapHO i Sea afipoi. 

21. KossxHH hoieo b xewax, ycTaHOB.ieHHX aaiioHox, BHiuoBJioBaTU ft nncarn 
cboI jynKH, a TaK caxo pocaoBooxxyBaTH ix ni.iaioM jpyuy afio unions a sacoOaxii. 

22. yEpalHCLBi Kosami ia rpoxasane xarcup. npaeo rypTVBaxB rpoxa^H' 
ii rnijiKH b xeatax, He nponiBHitx 3aKoaax. 



IIpo 3 a k o H H. 

23. yKpa'incbKa jnepasaaa Kcpyettca aa iBopxux ochobbi aaKOiiia, Hiuanin 
b ycTaHOBJieHifi nep3i. 

24. Cn.ia 3aK©ay 6et biiixkib o6oBa3EOBa a-ia Bcix VKpaiHOiKiu ni;uaHi:x 
lyximaJB, mo nepeOyEafOTb b yKpaSHCiKiii JepacaBi. 

25. 3aK0BB, ocooncro BHflam aia anot-neCy^t oSjiactn ^h qactoaii Hace- 
.Teiinn. noBn» aarajiLBZx aaKoaoi ae ycoByjoibca, kojih b nix He nociaBJieuo raKo'i 

BiasilTH, 

26. 3aKonn orojonry»TLca -Lia aarxiLiioro Bi,;osa b yTBopenix nopa^sy i nepefl 
oroaonieHHHX no AiJia He npoiaajaioTBcn. 

27. Ilicia OTO.tomeHHa saKoaoBi najaciica oGoBa3K0Ba ciua oi,x ^acy, apaa- 
Ha'ienoro aaa Toro b caxix aaKoai. B caxix BH^anix saKoni xoate fiyni noKaaano, 
be BHnoBHaTH fioro, bk HporojiocHTH, as BHKOHaTH — iejiefpa$ox qn ^epe3 EypcpiB. 

28. 3aR0H He xoxe 6yra CEacoBanaft HHaEme, he tijibkii cmoio 3asoBy. 
?epea ie, hokh hobhx aaKonox ocTaio^no He cKacOBaHO icTHyjoioro 3aKoay, bih 
naiosye ooaHy cbok> c.h.iv. 

29. Hixio ne xoace BiaxoBaaiHca HeaHaHHax saKony, kojh iioro oroaoiueHO 

iCTOViOIHX HOpSflKOX. 

30. 3aK0HH poapoSzowTBca b Koataix xiniciepcTBi no HajrcscHOCTH i ue]»e- 
^aioTBct; oa aarajiine odxipEyBaHna Pa^i Mioicipia. 

31. Ho yxBaii Pajoio MiaiMpiB Bneceaai aaKOHonpoeKTiB bohh nepexaroifcCH 
Ha aaiBep^xeHHi renxaaoBi. 

32. 3aE0HH, sk! TopEaroiica j[e-HKHx ceEH,ift, nepeAa»T£ca b Paay MinicTpiB 
nicjia oCroBopeaaa Jx sauJEaBJieHjgxH xiHkiepcTBaxn. 

33. Miaicrpax jaeTBca xojkihbIcti. BH^asaTn po3nopa,nKH posbhtkv ii noac- 
HeHHto saKOHJB, npii lix Bci TaKi posnopaflKH HaaeaiaTL noaepojtHBOMy yxBa-iemno 
PajoK) MinicTpiB. 



— 7 — 



Upo Pax J MitiicTpisi ipo M i a i c t p i b. 

34. HanpanoK i ooeRaanna npary oKpeunx cestnii! ao upuKieTaH, kk aaKOHO- 
flaBcrsa. TaK i liaiiBtimoI ^epacaBuol YnpaBB, CKaaRaeTica Ba PaRy MiaicipiB. 

36. KepyuaHna suaMn PaRB fllinicxpiB cK.iaRacTtca na ftsHepaawtoro Ceicpe- 
Taps I na iriRJiararony i1o*y flepacaBaj- IeBepa-iBay Kaiin,e;ispiK. 

36. OiaBaH-MiaicTp i miflicrpii BiRHOBiRaioTi, nepeR PeTBaaxox aa saraaBHHH 
xU RepasaBHOi ynpaBH. Koskehii s bhx OKpemo BiRnoaiRaa 3a cboid RiraBBicTB i pos- 
nopaJKH. 

37. 3a npocTynni no hocsri RiaaBBa OTaaaa-MinicTp i Minidpn niRaaratOTt 
rpoHawtKiii i Kapnifl BiRnoBiRamnocTH na ocnoaas, b aaEoai naaageHiis. 

II p o $ i h a h c o b y P a x y. 

38. *inancoBa PaRi e Hafiaama HapORBa iaciHTjuia rjih enpaB RepssaBHoro 
KpcRiiry i $iHaHCOBoI bojithkh. 

39. ^inaHCOBa PaRa cKaaRaeiBca 3 npejciaBHiutiB i wreHiB, npnanaHeHHi 
TeTtMaBOM. Kpix ioro, b cimaR PaRa bxorhtb na npaBai iseaiE : OTaxaa-MinicTp, 
MiHictp *iHaHcis i ^epataBEiifi KoHTporaop. 

40. Ha PaRy cMaRaeibCH : 1. ooMipKyBanBa lacy i yxoB RepacaBBBX iiobh- 
qoK ; 2. ofljupKysaHHa rui, mo TopKaroTBca RepasaBHoro EpeRHiy, a thko;k iraTaat 
o6opoiy koibtjb ; 3. nonepeRHiii, bojkrbb paa a ocoCbctofo posnopaRisy reniiana, 
Ixwr.iflR Ri.i bo ^' HalIC0B ' H 'laciHEi, sKi saacsaTt BEpimeHHio b BaKOHORaTHix 
aopaiity. 

41. OSxipKosaHHS Pbrh EepeRa»Ti.ea na neperaaR 1'eTLsiaua. 

IIpo ieaepantHaB C y R. 

42. feHepajBButt CyR J r KpalBCBKOi JJepaaBH ysBiiae co6ox> aaijBHBjoro xopo- 
jiiiTws i aaxHCTHHKa ngoxy Ta HaiiBunmft cvr yspaiBH rjih cnpaB cyRiBBHn,TBa 
i a.iaJHii'TpaTEBHHi. 

43. feHepaaBBHii CyR oronomye ro aaranBHoI birokocih aci aaKomi i aaKajH 
vpa.iv, cjiRKyBin aa 3aKOiiHicT» Si BHRanna. 

44. JlopaRKyroqafi feHepaaBHHS Cyrrb Ta bci fcaepaniai CyRRV upiciaa- 
MaioTLca TeitMaiiOM. 

rmmm wad yitpainH nano CsopoaajciEna. Oiaxaa PaRH Mi- 

Ilii TpiB MHKOJia CalEO-yCIHMOBB^. 

29. kbwhs, 1918. p. KhIb." 

TaK mmsacb reTMaHimraa Ha VKpaiHi, HaBe^em „ocHOBHi aanoHB" 
if *) BnpaisHO oiiOBiiuajffl npo rpa r njm,e napcTBO Sypacyasil. 

YKpamctKa HapojpiH Pecny6jurKa KacyBaaiact, a HaTonicnjb ^ BcraHO- 
n.ni.iaei „yKpaiHCi>Ka j^epaaffla" — uLikom MOHapsiWHHH aaft Ha loai 
3 HOBonocTpmKeiffls i noMaaaHM reTtstaHoir. B' otoacTn conjaatHO-eKOHo- 
MiiiHiii Bi^ocim npHBepTaiBCi. hjjikok aopeBo.iionjSHi nopHflKH. Ferrhnas 
onoBimaB npo ..si^oysoBaHHa b noBadfi Mipi npa«a npHBarHOi BiacHociH", 
mo nano 6y™ ochobok) HOBoro Jiajiy, ak ^ysnamem" (KaniTajiicTn^BoI, 
6ypacya3HOl) ^KyjLTypH i nJBLraaipi" Ta, 3 oco6.thbhh hphthckom, sobojpb 
AO Bijoaia noiriiDjiKiB npo po3roH yiBopeHnx b Epon;eei peBOinon,iI aeieju^- 

HHX KOJOTeiiB. 

InrepecHO, mo 0£H0iacH0 3i cKacyBaHHHM aaKOHTB HjeHTpanLHOl PaflH 
KacyBajnea i aaKOHB 6yBmoro KoaJiu^iiHoro BpeMeanoro IIpaBHTeabCTBa, 

*) 3ar&junux aaaaGTica nepeKonaHna, nto ri)a»0TH i aasoKH reiuiaHa Oyaa 
Bairaeani aiaen^isBm bLbcbkobhii KOMaMRyBaHBH« i BepetuiaReui aa yKpaiHCtsy «obj 

poci/ioLKHBH RoSpoBOJttnamf. 



— s 



aid, no eyri, lie po6ii.ru Kopiflnux 3Jtm n a;opeBOJnonjnT»rx eoipaJiBHO-eKOBO- 
nuiranx Bi^HOCiraax, HajriiamH tlti.kh iu.ihih jo nepeBe^eHim, b icexax 
fiypatyaaHoro cycui.TJ.CTBa, ;i;e-HKiix .Baaarinnix okohomii'duix pecjiops, ftp 
cBijjiirn. npo TOjiimm HacTpoI i aueTHTit Bnro.ioajri.ior ua poBo.ironiw oyp- 
xyaaii: reTbMaaiu,HHa xoiiia lipnuepHyTii na yspaiHi CTapi. huikom napcwn 
aOo me ii ripmi iiopa;i;Kii. 

Aae TBopniiM liupeBopoTj - niMeubKouy BifichKOBoay KoaampaHHHi 
— Tpe6a 6y.io hk Huiiouwiie sanafiKyBa™ cjtl nepesopoTy. Tpe6a tiyao 
3 ojHoro (iony — upe r T,CTaBHTii iiepesopoT uepej; rpoaa^CbKoa <misii<:m 
I^eHTpa.TLHTix r 'I,epaa,B i B&>oro KyabTypHOro CBiiy, SB cupauy n,uiKOM 
yKpalHC&KHx pyK, i ■; flpyroro — hobhh „ : iaj,. kk .liGepaiibHnil 'in, HaBiTb, 
i ujjiKOM ji;ejfOKpaTn«m]fir, y ttaiKia Bimajycy — He peaKiriHiio-iiOMinumbiciiu. 
,\ja n,boro lamca rcrbiiaH b cboFjI .hoSobh ;;o „pvnioI yKpaiiiH" ia 30 
„(5paTiB-xjri6opo6iB": iipiro<5injoBa.incjr b sahonax i rpaaio'ri reTi>naua „jpa 
KosaiaB i rponiaa,jiH" yKpatar jie-airi no-iiTniiri i rpoxa;pmcbKi npaBa t;i 
cbooojoi; nfla. n,boro ni^KpecimBa-incb ocofaiiKi ciiMiiarir reibmaHa jo 
„K03aidB yKpa'iHn": jbin in>oro Hbiiri 3aBe.n1, HaBiTb, cariuiHy i iya,epHau>Ky 
UBsy ,t,ih reTbMaHCbKoro npeHep-iisiCTpa — ,,0'rajsaH aimcTpiB"; jpts 
iy.oro, Hapewri, HaicaaaHO 6y.no HisenjbKinin I'eHepa.iaMn — AitxropitOM t;i 
rpeaepos — reTbmaaoBi CKopoiiaftCbKasy yTBopiiTn o6obhskoho .iwepa-ibHiifi, 
nasm. ^eiOKpiiTii'fHTrit Kaomer liiricTpiB 3 oo"obh3koboio y vacuo b Hboiay 
yKpaiHCbKnx e.7cueHTiB. r 3,iitciricTb, 3Bn<ianH0, iiinraa no-aa hjiihi ^eKopaTiui- 
humji 3aflBaaw. ycynyBiiiH Bij; ssajEH AeMOKpariH), HiMiri, Kinein. Kiinj,eH, 
aycim a^aTHCb Ha CypjKyasuo ijiiKoiH b ^epasiBHiM oyjnBHirnTBi Ha yKpaiHi. *'l 

2. ynpaiHCbKa AeMOKpafisi i nepeeopoT. ((DopMyeaHHa reTbMaHCbKoro 
npaBMTejibCTBa). Mh sse BKaayBain b cbIh vac Ha tc, mo b npon,eei pe- 
bohkhui jBpafttc&Ka peBO-uoiriihra ;i,eHOKpaTia nojnaraacb Ha ;nsi Hacximn — 
jiiBe, peBOJiioniiiHe Kpnao, i npaBe, Ol'ibiu-SMiiu onopTyiucTiivue. Ilepuic 
neHbHTe-6ijii>me BHpasHO i CBiaOMO upanyBajio 3,0 a^incHeHHa 3aBj,anb po- 
(JiTHifie-cejrHucbKoi peBoaioipi, apyre BBaiKa.io coiutuicTiiiHy peBOJiioniin 
Ha yKpaiHi He na naci i CTasnjio cbo'i'm aaB^aaHfli r; pi j i30.iH)nii iwificHeiuiH 
rojioBHHM 'iiihom HanioHajibHo-^ep^aBHiix soMaiauL, 3 iiepeBe^eHHna 
b yKpalHCbKiii H;tpo,T.Htfi Peci[} r 6.iitn;i ro.TOBHi]ii,iix coitiaaiHO-eKOHOMHHnx 



*) reTBuaflCiKaft nepeBopoi Ha yKpaiHi 3Hatiiuon iie.iiiKHii oiffroaiiH b uo.ii- 
THMiii i rpomaACiKHi Kpyrai HeHTpaatHHi JJ,epacaB, ocoCjiiibo b lepKanii. B ronoB- 
Hift Koirieil flepjiittctKOro PafticTafy biikjiiik:li! sin Cjps.iiiBi nefiara. J())eacTaBHJii;n 
ypajj' naifaraaHca flOBecra, mo nepeaopoi apofijieHO caaiiHH J'KpaiBitajm-iJiiGoiioflajfii, 
sta 6y.TH He3aj;oBoneni „KOByHicTB'iHojo uojiiTiiKOJo" ypajsy UeBTpaainoi Paju i ne- 
sflaTHiciio uoro so npan;i ; 3 Jtpyroro 6oKy, boeu ^OBOfliuu, m,o nepeaopoi hbjwbcs 
Kuuqe HeodiiffEHB b iirrepecai HiKe«Hini, 60 npa l^eHipa-iiiiiiri Pajp ne MOSKna 
flyao BBBeaTH 3 yspalaa noTpifiioi Ki-iiKonii sjiiCa ; Hapeiirri, 3raj(yBa.iH bohb 
i npo xe, D(o njjaBHTemcTBo IteHipaatHoi Pa,in HenpHXH.iiHo ciaBiLiocii ao niiieui- 
Koro siiicBKa aa YKpalBi i sOipa-ioct nepeaecTH ^pismo niMen,BKHS CTapaian". O^Ha^e 
qjieaa KOKicii — ^euyraxu PafiicTaiy — aasiTi, KpOHcraBTtHKH n,eHTpy, He Kastyw Base 
npo con;.-Bea. i He8ajiea;HHKiB, rocrpo aacyflscyaaan liOBO^aieHHa aiiten.BKBX buicbko- 
bbi BJiacTeS na yapami, BKaayaaaa aa iiic.ieuui BTpyqaEHa Is y BayTpijnai cnpaBH 
yapamii i ofiaHHyBa'EyBajia b y>iacTH b reitaaHCiKomy nepesopoTi. (B neGaiax flpa.ui 
yT:aeT£, a incai aaanii, IIIefflsejiaH, Epn;6epfep, .l c ,11; e 6 y p, Taac, 
IIlTpeseiiaH, FaBii, Beciapn, Faaae, Hocae, 3»AeKTit.) 

Hiaen,tKa n])eca thi ,nais nepenosaeHa nicTKaai! i ciatraHH npo nepenopor. 






■■ 



— 9 



pe$opi. H,e oeramK Kpn-m nmTvnu.ni eecb 4ac b KoirraKTi a jpioHoto 
VKpaisCbKOKi oypayaaieio, aa^epaaiBinu ax ,\o ocTaHiaoro ^acy 4»opMajibBHH 
npoBiA b cboix pyKax. Hi^pioBiipo xo Htoro no^uiy, piaamii oyjio i bIo,- 
HomeHiifl aaaHaseraix r i^ox 'iacTJ!H yKpaincbKoi ^emoKpaTil so reTMaacwcoixj 

JIL'peBOpOTV. 

lipase Kpii.io - onopTyHicTiiiaa ,T,eaOKpaTLi — xoh i ooypK>Ba.int t. 
HiMety.i.H.M cBaBUQvexBoa, xoh i upoTecTyBsua bowb fljmeta iipoin reTbian- 
iiuihh, npore crajia Ha noaHipio soatuiBoro .lei'ajibHoro nBHKopHCTaaitfi" 
rCTbMaHinnitii b iarepecax aOepeaceiffla yKpaincbKoro xapaKTepy aa yKpafn- 
cbKOio AepxaBtticTK) ra aCepexeumi k mil xoh ejenieHTapHoro seiOh-paTifaay. 
I! ntn n.i.nix Bona fosaia Binmiyrij jia yKpaiHci.Ky inpiGny oypagraairo — 
b iiepmy vpiy Ha napTifo yKpamcbKiix con,uuicTiB-(jie,T,epajiiCTiB, HKa mojih 
npSBBBfflta b HiMeiy,i:iix I'eHepa-itcKnx Kpyrax, — wfiG Bona He (iaBHaacii 
» apoTPCTii i !UBiiA l ie pea.7i3yna.1a cboc „GpaTannH" a reTLManoi : BBiifriuia 
B ivTbMaHCbKiiii f;a(5iHCT MinicTpiB i, Tai.MM 1HHOK, uepefiufljia ;(epsanny 
H.ia.vy b cboi pyi.11. 0,-yiaie ^ocfliTii HbOiO is ,tju nepeBopory He b^bjioch. 

luuii n oTaMaH-aimcTpiB u M. Yenawsm aBepHyncH r i.o con,ia.iicTiB- 
i|»',i,t'[i;Li'KTii! a tiponoannncio BCTynnTii no iioro raGineTy, ec-e<pH b^mobiijihcl, 
mini™, se KCTynaioHii b r i,OBri GaaaiKH. IUmhhm He He cno r T;o6a.iocb. Bray 
aa lieyenix ueperoBopiB bohii CKJiajn na M. Ycthmobi™ i iniKaaa.jii rerb- 
ganoRJ iii;iuiyK;tTii di.uan a^araoro ..OTaaana". 11. CtaopOHBRe&KlH aBepHyBCH 
To,i,i jifl „JtMOpooca" M. BaciwenKa, iipHBaT-,i,ou,eHTa KnlHcbKoro ymitep- 
(■iiii'Tv, pocificbKoro na^eTa, amu o,pa, i ie Hi^TpirayBaB iibhskh 
1 . , v KpaJHHffi»H. HO. kbitbh n,en ..sraaopocc" BCTynim b r OTaiiaHyBaHH}i u , 
at; xanacoso BiiKoiiynmnii 060BH8KH OTaieaa i aiuicTpa ocBiTn laiHJyTHfcoro 
Ka6iHery. BacHneBXOBi .mane oy.io iiopoayairaca a vKpatHCbKHHii Ka^eTaaii- 
ec-e$axK, i ocranni upiHrqnoBO una' m ni,;>fcm.ifi.iiici. biji; yrat'Tii b KaCiiitvri. 
Ta tvt hi.ikoi BiHiBii-iacb ,T,pio'Hof>yp;KyaaHH B^ana eoeipischKoi napTil. 
Ui.uii'i lac ec-e<J>u (toh.iii n rocrpifi ouoanuiT ,t,o U,eHTpajibHOt Pajp i i;a- 
oitieTy I'tuyooBiiHa, Bsvanun ycyHesBa HeinpajibHoi Pa,T,n i yTBOpeumi 
HOBorn aapjMesTapBoro se peBOJiroiijiHoro, 6ypayaOToro opfany, BUMara-m 
., ij.ioBoi". to6-to nijKoa UypayasHOi ho-iithkh i Bi,TrioBi^Horo ypa^} r , 
a rem p. kcuib tt HafliT r n,o ikbhoi lipn cnpaii^H^iicb, ko.ih ix tuiiKa.iH jifl 
Tiei _ H ij.ioBor ; flOBrocnoAiBaHOi pofon, aananuiiicb, HOfflBJffiCb; ne xbutiijio 
piiiivrot-™ iiltji ni,iaxoj«. ua ftKiiii rar.ia ix bch ixhu tCTOTa, r l,aBiiiii npiui- 
iijnOBy aro.iv ita yHHCTb B ivTi.MaiicbKOisy npaBHTe.ibCTBi, noitpocn.iu r i,aTn In 
Biory Ha^ysaTHCb, nopajVHTH<a> 8 hiiihhjdi yKpaEHCbKifxii.iiapTuisii. lIoqa.7nci» 
oa.ia'it.-n. Oon,ia.iicTii-{t>e,'i:ep;v[icTit HOKiHESJU na nopajij coH.-^eMOKpaTiB, 
C0H.-eaMinTii"ii!HKiB i ji;e-«KHX od<5 a naprif ('ftn.-peBO-THiHioHepiB.*) C011;.- 

*) JlajiriH ijiuopoOiB-seMOKpaTiB jiiacTU y bcii max ueperoBopai ae tfpajia. 
IkmciiiocTMa ne Tim, mo n xai6opo6H u , an ntwiTHiHa napria, 6yaa me 3aHasTO aajio 
opfeaStOBaai Ili^iac peso^Kmii upo hhi nafia:e Hi^oro He Oj'jio ijth. n yKpalHC&sa 
ftenoKpaTH'iKii-ijiSopoScbKa uapik" xon i npeTeHjjiiiua 11a sna'iiBHH BceyKpamctBoI 
K.yjiKvaiiictKOi naptif, vj.us.his no caaoro nepenopury Syaa naacTHBO rpyiioio KjpKy- 
.iin .ivuentLKoro BOBiiy. He ^bdo OT»;e, mo Hi ec-e^n (pi,T,Ha im napm), hi Himi 
(gKi BHKopiieraan ^ip«y n iJiiflopoOiB L upH nBHCopax" reiuiaHa) He npHMMajH Si 
aoBcia ei paiyHoa npa yiaia^eHuio n^eBtOKpaTE'iHoro" Ka6ineiy. me Meame ftOBeaoca 
paxyaatHi n 2 He» niaaime, ko.ih Histui ae noTpi<5yaaaH B»:e „AeMOKpaTniHoro" 

BeiJ i H3K.1H O^BOpTO Kjpc Ha BC1HKV 6YpKVa;iilO. 



— 10 



r i,eM0Kpa r nt i muni h.tchii iiapa^ti pa^it.TH ec-eijuof fitii b reTbJraKCtKiii Ka- 
CineT, spoCiiBinH Hauepe^ cnpooy ^,o6hthcl ni\ HiaiuiB, mod 6y.T.o 1. a6e- 
peateHO pecnyoamcaHCbKy ipop»>y ycTpoio yKpaincbKoi ^epauLBii, 2. CKacoBaao 
„reTbMaHCEKi aaKom" i HaTOMieiy, BBe,i;eHO aeM0KpaTHMH0-pecny6.-iHKaHci.Ky 
koHCTHTyniio i 3. nporaaHO CKOponaacbKOro. Ec-e<pn „o6pa3H.inci.-, iu,o 
ec-^eKH i ec-epn piniyie bUmob-ijijotbch Bi,n ynacTH b npaBHTe.ibCTBi, i sa- 
;ntn.in, mo b TariM BBna r TjKy it bohh He xoiyn, „iijamyBaTH CBOel coniH- 
jiicthihoi qHCTOTu" i Ha HeperoBopH 3 CEOponaii.ci.KH3i Ta HbtuiiMii hc ni- 
jjtb. IIi«ifl Hboro ec-jeKH npHMyuiem oyJiH Tpoxif HO^aillct i .lam uro^y 
na cmJitHi a ec-e<j)aMH neperoBopii s Him,fiitn.*) B peay.ir.TaTi napaftsf no- 
CTaHOBiua (hk noBijjoiLia-jia „KieB. Mbiciv' s 3. rpaBUH 1918, p.): 

„3BepHyrHCJi jtp KaiiBHHiHX npe,T,CTaBHHKiH aiMen;r.Kof B.iacTii b span 
i BKaaaTH Ha ri tst£ki nacji^H, jjo hkhx Moate itpirBeeTii BHTBOpeHe no- 
jioseHHH, BHEanKaBran BnpaaHy peaKnjio y Bcix sepcTBax i rpyiiax VKpalH- 
ctKoI aeioEparir. llopyn 3 thm Hapaji;a uocTaHOBnaa BnacmTn nepe,i; 
HiMen,bKHMn MacTsoni n o b h y HecBoenacHicTb toto, mo saiMu.ro, 
6o yEpalHCbKa Bxacra caia ilnua no csoel KOpiioroI 3juhh. OcrasHfl nomo 
6n CTarac-H thi po6o», mo lJeHTpaabHa Paja ca«a poeilraaea tj i. biso- 
rpaBHin cbok> pciio peBOJiFoniSHOro opi'any, uepej];ajr.a 6 Knajry HOBOHy iipa- 
BHTeubCTBy, yTBOpeHOwy Ha jpjobobv npHHnjni a npesCTaBHHKiB piaMx 
nojiiTHiHHX napTifi i rpoHaflCbKHx i*pyn. tifi npaBHTejbCTBo cnnpajioca 6 Ha 
hob6 aepataBHe Tiao — • ^epsaBHy Paay, b KOTpy yBiHimra 6 nasox npeii,- 

CTaBBHKH BCix BeJIHKHX neHTpa.ibBUX IIO.liTHTHHX i nanioHajibHnx fyyir, 
B TUt HHCJli i THX, KOTpi H6 BXO;p.in B QRXSft ^HrpaibHOl Pa,i,n -. 

^OBisaBuiHCb upo yxBaiiH Hapa^n, HijieirbKe BiircbKOBe KOMaiajBaHHH 

BHOI0BHJI0 arOJiy 06jriHHTHCb JiyMKaMH 8 npejCTaBHHKaMU U 3 HpIIBO^y BB- 

HeceHHX yxsaji. 2. kbIthh senei'anifl HapaflH b craa^i B. BnHHHieHKa 
(yKp. con;.-fleM.), C. 6(J>peH0Ba (con;.-(()ea.), M, C a a t a h a (yKp. con;.-peB.), 
K. JIocbKoro (con;.-4eji;.) i AH^pieBCbKoro (con;.-caBiocT.) Maaa 
posaOBy 3 HaMajtbEiiKOM HlTa6y I'eHepa.ia AnxropHa — feHepaji-.ieHTCHaHTOii 
TpeHepoK (feHepai TpeHep 6yB „^yiuejo" nepeBopoia i ^KTH'iHo 
flOBiirafi qac 6yn „BepxoBHOB MaaOK" HaYKpaim: (jjopiyBaB CKopoHa^cbKOJiy 
i.-aOkeTH, ;uiktvh:)ii iloniy pijKiri ..naTpioTii'iHO-ca-nocTiitiiHUbKi" na:imi i tok 
jtaii). C. e^peMOB BHaoacHB itpHBHari Hapa^oio yxsaTH, m^KpecuiBUTH, mo 
OAKHHeHHH Ix HijiHHMH HOCTaBHTb ocTaHirix n Hepe^ Heofai r THicTK) OKynanjI 
yKpalHH, jyiH. Toro Tpefia 6yji,e bbcctb Ha yKpainy ne ndcTb, a 2(i Kopirycis 
mHeH,bKoro BificbKa". y BinnoBi^b Ha ue ttss&u TpeHep, nocKapHciiBniiicb 
Ha wape npaBHtejibCTBo, Ha iioro BopoaricTb j,o HImhib, aaaBiiB, mo noBopory 
ao B,eHTpajibHoi Pa^H He soace 6yrH, mo 

B reTbiafla npnana-ia HaiiBHma niieubKa BaacTb, i Bin JiimniTbca ; a.ie 
6j.jo 6 BeJiHKOH) nonniJiKOfo 6aiHTii b Tin BijuiOBy MOHapxn'nioro iipiiHuiiiy. 
yKpaina JiHHiaeTbCH i noBHHHa jihuihthch caMOCTiiraoio peciiyfijuucoio, 












*) Hafi6i.ii.in najiKo bmobjihb ec-e$iB B, B u h ii h -i e h k o, aoBoaaiH, mo 
bohh sij BciynjieHHH 30 rext«aHCLKoro Ka6iHery siuoro He Brpaiatb Ha csoifi 
coi^iHJiicTH'iHiH ihctoti. CynepeiHB Bony A. HIkobcbkhh, aaaBJiBiO'iH, n;o con.- 
^ei;. Taiti ac con,ia.TicTH, aic i coij.-AeHOBparH, orate 3aKH^iB b 6ypatya»HociH na ce6e 
He npHHJiamTi i Ka»TB npaBO BHitaraTH, a(5n BKyni 3 hhmh BncTjnft.ni upii nepe- 
roBOpai 3 Hinu,»MK i con.-,^e3i. 



^M 




11 — 



i reTbJiaHOBi j;aHO BEaaiBKH, mo tjjopMOBaae hkm npaBHTejibCTBO 
Mae ctohtji ii^ikom Ha tpywai yKpal'HCbKoI flepaaBHOCTH, 30Bcis He opieH- 

TVIO'IIICJI Hi B CTOpOHJ' MOCKBH, HI B CTOpOHJ IlO-ltwi. IIoJimiKa HOBOI 

r 'i;i,th «aa '''Vth ;riB0K», i iepe8 n,e .ayse 6aacana ynacn. b npaBHTeabCTBi 

t'dJljfl.WTiB, KOTpi MOIJID OH yjIOJEUTH OCHOBH KOHCTHTyUJI, Hid aJOHHUH 6 
l'i OCHOBIli 33K0HH, KOTpi BH^aHO i OHyfiilHKOBaHO O r THOiaX"HO 3 rpaMOTOH)." 

i.liien. Much." Bis 3. iaa 1918. p.). 

3, TpaBHH BijoyjiacH HOBa aapafla c.-$. 3 lunumm HoiHeHOBaHHMn 
Biime napTiuMii. IIocTaHOBHJiH joisaraTHct, mod HiMni, kojih Bate jqiicHo 
ne vxssa ycyHjTH CKopona^ctKoro, Ha3BajiH fioro THSiacoBim Hpe3H,n;eHT<M 
>"j;palHCtKOi PeenyflJiHKir, CKacyBasniH HaaBy „reTbinaH u . Ec-e((tH, Hapeinri, 
iiorojH.incB noajepTByBara CBoeio con,ifl.iicTUHHOK> HeBHHmano i npncTynaTH 
^o <j)Op™yBaHHfl rertnaHCtKoro KaOineTy. Ta Bare Gyjio mano, hk CKaaaB 
feaep. Lpeiep: „zu spfifc" 

Bep.iin, snaHaBuiH reTbitiaaa, oaaxas, BHMaras HeraiiHoro yTBopeHHH 
npaBHTeatcTBa. CKoponajcbKHH eniinm „QTaMaH" M, BacajieHKo a mr 
n;u;m, CTapasraacft mmpaBaaTn ^oBippa" reTLMaaa.*) He ijoroBOpnBimicb 
hi ro ioro 3 cou,.-(Jte r T,epa.iicTaMn, a tiim casnM a yKpaiHUHMH Baarajii, Bin 
3BepHyBCH so SiatiH ^roBop'iiiBux" koji, ao Bejinicol pociftcbKOi tiypxyasrii 
Ha YKpalBi: noirimHKiB, npoiiHcaoBn,iB, tfiprceBHi cneKyjiflHriB, (jtiHaHcncriB, 
jsp oGciyroByKMOi se-iiiKy 6ypHiyasiio pocijici>KO-acnjUBCtKO-HOJii.ctKOl iHTejri- 
I'eHn.il. A u,i -jasHO bxb TuitKH n,toro i a^ajin. Bea TopriB RiiHiiii.m 
rapHTy rOTOBHirn, .j-.ipkiith HCHOBe.ibMoa;HOMy naHOBi reTbacaHOBi" i bsh-ih 
aa ceot' Tpyj nepeKonaTii KUfeii,i)KHS I'eHepaniB b Tony, m,o bohh — ho- 
KimiiKn ia KaniTajiiCTii a eCTb thmh comhmh yicpaiHCbKHKH seMOKpaTami, 
caMOcriiiHiiKajm i TBopraum cii-iaim, aa hkhmh myKaioTb Hiiraj. 

3. TpaBHH „0TajraH u M. BaciueHKO cijiopsyBaB upoBiaopn'iHHH Ka6iHCT, 
b cKaaj HKoro yBiihujni, hk Ha BH(5ip, Bi,noni peaKnioHepn, MOHapiHcn 
i yKpiiii[oa;epH. Ocb fioro CKaaj,: 

1. TnxiacoBo BHKOByioiHH o6obh3kh oTasaHa MimeTpiB i MrricTpa 3a- 
KopflOHHHi ciipaB, simcTp ocbIth — M. BacHaeHKo (pocificbKHfi Ka^ex, 
B iaJtopocc tt ) ; 2. MiracTp (JiiHaneiB — A. Patenem>KHH, (Ka^eT, 6aHKHp, 
yi;paiHoa;ep); 3. MiaieTp ToproBJii Ta iipoMHCJiy — C. TyTHiK (KafleT, 
rojioBa o,i;ecbKoro CipaceBoro KOMiTeTy, Gspefi, cneKy.iHHT) ; 4, MMeip xjiifio- 
po6cTBa KiflHin;iiH (o^eT, noiTaBCbKHH iiOMimmc); 5. MMcTp xapio- 
biix cnpaB — K). GoKOjroBCbKHH (ica,a;eT, ai^OHOM, nMajiopocc") ; 
6, MimcTp upani — K). BatHep (Ka^eT, oyBiirafi npo$. KiilBCbKOro nojri- 
TexHiiiHoro incTHTyTy, 6paB ynacib y BHCTyni pa,o,H npo«j)ecopiB KBlBCbKoro 
nojiiTexHnqnoro incTHTyry npora B,eHTpajibHOi Pann) ; 7. MimCTp Hapo^- 
Hboro 3^opoB.ia — B. .1 h> 6 h h c b k n ft ^"riKap, BJiacinn; Me^iMHOi .Ta6opa- 
Topii b KniBi) : 8. MiricTp nuiaxiB — ByTCHKO (iaxeHep, Ka^eT, fl 3eK- 
.njiHoir ); 9. MimCTp rocTimir — II. My Chhclkhh (npo^., ^Hajiopocc", 
npaBHiYi; 10. ^epataBHHH KOHTpo.ibop — P. A$aHacbeB (CyBmnn ynpa- 
EiiTe.ib KiiiBCbKOi KOHTopn /i,epsaBHoro GaHKy, upaBHH, yKpaiHoxop) : 

11. yi[paB.IflH)1HH MMCTepCTB. BifiCbKOBHX CnpaB — A. CjliBiHCbKHH 

(iiojikobhjik) ; 12. r HepxaBHim ceKpeTapb — M. r'isiiH.bKnii (iioaruunK). 
*) Jibbci raaiie uoaane onoBJ^aaHH M. BacaaeHKa irpo ne. 










— 12 — 



KuibKOxa lyiHMii uiairime <5yao nopooVieiio b aawa,H6Wt CKna^i Ka6i- 
HeTy Mimc-TpiB jspsud. He-maim 3mihh (ro.iosoio Pajp MitricTpiB i bohk-tpom 
BHyTpiniHix cupau ctob <I>. JlHUOryo", no.iTaBCi.KHii noMiiiiHK, ot;Tfl6piicT; 
bhkohehhh oCoBfiiffiiB HiaicTpa aeae.iE.Hiix I'lrpaii buhb mi ce<5e MhricTp \;ip- 
TOflirx cupaB K>. CoKOwiOBCbKirii; BiiKonyroiHS ooohiiskh iiiriCTpa iniinii 
<5yjo npiiaHaieiio I'eHepa.ia .lii'Hay; n oTanaH" BaciueEKo gumusca 
irifldcTpoji ocbith i TiunaeoBO BHKOHyKwuM ooobjwkii aiirieTpa aaKopHOHHHX 
cnpas). TaKiiM miihom, oyjo OCTaTOiHO eipopxoBano reTbinaHCbKe npaBHre.lB- 
ctbo. hjjikom OypsyaaHe, pociircbKe, yKpamovKepcbKe. 

lloiajiacb xmcraTypa Bejiiucof pociiicr.KO-a:iiAiBCi>Ko-]io.ihei.i;i)- P aii.n)- 
poeiitcLKor fiypaiyasii na YKpaiHi. r ljrioHa yspalHCHa Gypsyiurin somaaca 
iilikok „se y ^fci". Ec-e<pn TbbKii niaHime xa ii to Ha jtyare KopoTKiiii 
<ia- jtoGhjuch kuimcox nimcTepcbKHX uopT$e.iiB. ^ X.Ti6opo6^-^;exoKpaTll' , 
^apemo a^ajin h-th cede „xyTopiB u .*) 

BaraTHH MaTepia.1 &ia xapaKTepiieriiKii HacrpofB yKpaiHCHKOi S€KO- 
Kparii b ipri nepeBopoTy Ta iT Bi^nomeHHfi jro reTtManiHiiHii Nacxn b no- 
CTaHosax BceyKpaiHCbicnx s'Is^Ib — ee-iflHCLKoro i pofiiTHMinro. a TBEoa; 



*) „Oiaa«aE'' BacnaeHKO Tai: ouoBia,aa b „EieB. Mucau" upo yTBOpeaaa bboio 
nepmoro reitMaHctKoro KaoiHMy : ..Hponoaiiniio BCTyuHiH b CKaaa. ROSoro upaBHtcai- 
ciaa, hko aiuietp HapoflUioi ocBim, a o^epaiaB y abbb nepesopoiy. Ciipaisa bctyu- 
aeana b pilose aiuien.'pcTijii Oy.ia aasi bciio bhcc ^oeho uociaBosacna b noaiiHuniM 
CMHcai. lipe^craBHHKH pbKHM rpoaajUCBKHx fpyn Bia, XBttsi noBOpOTy HeHTpaainoi 
Paju 3,0 Ku'isa o6ain»Ba.incH 3i muoio xyMKaan u rid cnpaai, -in ae yaiuuioB On 
a b CKjafl HOBoro fliaoBoro KafiiaeTy. H ay'saio, mp a lenepimaio zbiuki aeooxUaa 
sOiaLBiefla raop«ia npaa,ii cycniaLHUX aiaiia jaa pHTyaay apaio b!,t, uoaaoi py'iaH. 
M jtyaaio, bio aMiu XBHai bc si.iuoBii.aao 6 aiaiciepcTBo, yTBopeae HO npHan,iny 
napiiflaoro npeacTaBHHn,tBa. Ha Mow ayany, Heooiiflao yxaopHTH aiaii-TepcTBo aa 
ijhcio aiioBia, BcpcoaaJiBuia npBHn,ini, aiaicTcpcnso, aoipe norao 6 aaiu BJgrpHJfKy 
rpoMaacBKBi fpyn ftia eaeptiriuoi Gyflj'ioHOi upan,i i :ik aaHBiBMA'io'i biahobh HopMaju.- 
Boro 6iry hcbtm Ta ni^roTOBflCHua Kpaio fto nopHajituoro napjaaeaTapaoro iBfly. 
I kojb aarosajiaca <t>aKTBiaa KOHijrHBicTi s^ucbbtu ^i ochobbI flyaKH, s Oea bchkbi 
iuiauL BpuaBiiB apofiaeny Heai upouojimiki i j;aB cbo» atojy yaiBTH b aoBe aiBi- 
ciepciBO. Moa yiBaaa Be 6yaa flpe^jieioM BoacpeftHtoro oeroBopenHa uapTii Ka- 
jteiiB, flo Korpoi a Baaeisy, aae a cipiHys Mopaawy uiAipBJUcy b oco6i aoTi Cuhji>ubx 
Bpaaieaifi. 3 raK ajxe ncpeBoaaaBn b Beooxi^aociu toio KpuKv, Koxpaa pouaio, 
bio a He cbbbbbcb 6 ncpej lhxo^om a iiapiiT, KoaB 6 aapik kujciju UEOKHia 
npoieci BpoTa BCTynaenEfl li naeais y cKaafl aoBoro BpaBBTeatcTBa. 

3paay a ae 6paB BiBKo'i ,T,iHjn.ao'i yiacTB b ^opayBaaBK) noaoro KaoineTy. 
Ta 30. kbitiih ^opMysaBBa KaSineiy nepeitmao a no! pynu : reTbwaa saaponosyBSB 
■eRi B3BTH Ha ce6e saoxeBHa KaCiaeTy BafiBbaiflie a,o 10 r. Bciopa 1, saa. IIp« 
u,in reibMaa saaBBB xeai, mfi Bpo npaBBii KaOiueT Be aoace OyTM hobu, mo ciaaa 
upaiiiiTe.ii.i'Tiia noBBHeH 6vth ;iinni1, nv> pe^opsa Bfoflxi^ui, m/t ih'Imuci pc^opsia, 
Ha ayHKy rcTwtaHa, noBBHHa (SyiH uoBeaena b tim naupani, hk n,e aaMi<ieH0 b fioro 
rpaaofi . . . 3araaoa b ocaosy A>Bai>aociu KaGincTy noannno Ovth uoaoKeao iiauio- 
iiaJii.i(e Bi«po3,2:esHa yKpa'iBH, aae, oieBH^HO, (5e3 thx KpaiiHOCTeii, bki C ApaatHHaH 
sacejiesaa, maojuiaa npaBHaisoMy xoaobi aaH.ioHa.ii.Horo scarra i BacTpoMBaaH 
npoTH yKpaiHCTBa mupoKi Kpyra bbhibx HaHioHaabHOCTefi. Bci li ochobb BHAaaiica 
neai, OeayaoBHo, t&kbhh, mo i'x Hoxaa npufiuiiTii, i a Bsssca 3a saoncenBa Hosoro 
KaCiHeiy, HOCTaHoaHsniB noEopHCTyBBTHCs r i;e-aKHsii a thx KaB.va.aTiB, hkui HaaiieHO 
B cnacsy M. yCTHHOBBia Ta HKHX BHcyHyaH piSKHi rpoHajtCBKi fpyuH, 

fl dapaBca jifiTa so nopo3yMiHHa 3 yKpalncEKHMH con]ajicTaHH-(|eflepaviicTaMB, 
BOiiaB na Ixai napTiHni 3flopn, uoin^opstyaaB Xx npo BHTBopeno noaoiKeHHs i nepe- 
KOByBaB Ix bctjhhth b cKaafl HOBoro npaBHTeatdBa, BKa3yioMii aa Te, mo b npoTHB- 
bih paai hchi aoBe^enca 'j.iokbth KaOiHei 3 bhuibx eauaeBTin, bbobbi upH.iaraHx 



13 



IV 3'f3#r yKpainci.Kor HapTiT Ci)iija.iirriB-lVBo.iK>ii,ioHepiB Ta V -i'i : i,> 

,\'i;|»;lllH-I.i;oi Col[,i:l.ll,-, l,i'Jlui;]>:lTIl'IHi>I PwilHIMOl J lapTlT, JIM Wj&JXMm 

a liepmi tni twaampm. &to& nj taepecm TaKO* me i vtm, no na 
mix (miodniiM whom na s'Sw cou;.-peB.) pi3KO BiiaBiiBea i, jo neBHOi nipii, 
ilwpsrajibHo Bi r T,6vnL'!r race jjaaao HaxhsBBBrntca b -.kkttio no;t;i.T peBo.TK>n,ii"iHoi 
vKpalHCLKol ;ti'Moi;puTiI na s»a Kpiua — JiiBe i apaae. jVri.aaHiuiiHa, 
iiaTypajiLuo BKRHHieaaa rocupy nepesipsy r Bipyio u toi ii imuioi 'uirniwi 
\ Kp'aiHci.KoI ReaoKpariS i tiim canoi ;;oBe.ia ,t,o (jiopMa.n,Horo pooKoay i aa- 
ijiiKCVBainiii iioro b iiemriS ijiopari. 

" Bci aaaaa^eBJ s'fep namiieuo 6po me aepes reruisaiiBnMMO, i nbtaty 
itjai'Hi' rpi'ilii Hiiu^jsMitTii. mo boh?, .wl i iR'.icr'ajii.HO Ta a m*.niKi[M!i t[i\.i- 
iimnajrii. a BOe K ni;i,6y.iiiCH. 

llffrauHsi npo cEBKKaHHH jrnyToro BceynpalHCLKoro w MitcbKoro alaaj 
iiH'pjiMiii BinfiyBca me b Mam 1917. p.) (SyM noeiaaneHO Eta lepry me na 
Tpi'Tiii i-ci'ir BceyKpateCbEX>l Pa£H CejJHECwan ^enynmB (b ramij .ihcto- 
nn,ra 1917. p). Ta [JeHrpaaMK«y KomTefori CeaaHOtKoI ChLikit hp no- 
macraso tojp cKnosaiB bIbr: Banna s MocKOBmnwnt), eiuiKyauisi Kni'iia, Be 



3,™ AiJiOBO'i Tiiop'io'i tipaiu, i.-.'icseBTJB, KOTpi, dea cymibty, uyAyrb noxoraTii yicpaiu- 
cLKoay aaiuoiia-iLHoay BiftpojiKenflfo, ane axi ae GyayTb statu TaKO"i Bapasnoi tianio- 
na-iLiio-noniTiiiHOi ^iaionoaii, hk couiaaie.Tii-<tic;i,epa.ucTis. 'A BKa3)*BaB, mo ae xoaciia 
BixiwiaftaTH ajioasenna KaOiaety i mo cupaBy Tpefia neraihw bhbcbhth. JU^epa napTi'i 
ec-e$ia 3aaDii.ni meai, mo napria nociaaoBB.ia icafwce Bi,i,HOBiiTitca mo, yiaora b nosix 
npaBHTe.ii.CTBi, aae .via ocTaioisoro BapiBteaBH noTpifiyeitca me ;[e-aite oGroBopeaaa 
■'iipasu, aKC BixGy,WTics yueiepi, kcjh i Oyfle aaaa Bnpaaaa Bi r T,noBi;u,. KijbKa 
jo^nn nianini,e h ByctpiHyaefl a "uienoB napxi'i con>$e,*. C. llle.iyxiiiiiis, Koipiiil saoHB 
Heal, mo aapria cia.Bim.ea iieftvrunuo JO iioro yiacra b KaOiaeii i B3ara.ii tie jtoauo.isi- 
.■ito'iM 'i.icnas bio^htu a ciuiaj aoiioio iipauiitcibCTDa. llijuimc aafiuioB ao moho 
t.teu napiit con;,-$eA. 0. IIIy.iLriin (Gynniuii Veucjiiun.aaii CespetApB 3arpanH l iaiix 
copaB) i H0Bi,i,0JiBC| m° napiia ec-ecfifl CTaBBTtca, uc3yMonao, ucfaTHBHO 3,0 Bciyfl- 
jeaBa b aooe npaBHTe.iiiCTBO, a.ie piaaoMacao 0. JIIyjiLi-UH npocus mobp jjepajaia 
ocTaio'iBe ajioaseBBa KaCiHeiy, a oraaay na re, mo napiia oftepaaaa iioBy iaijici])- 
Maniio, sua notpi6y« oCroDOpensa. Osiiaie a^epxatH MOseXHB iioboio Kaoiaeiy 
Bate ae Moa:ua 6yao. 

CfcoroAHa, 3. Maa, KaGiuei Ba;e 3,io:Keao aa ,i,ijiOBi» t nopcoHajmi* npHBuiui. 1- 
Ha iiiiTaHiin KOpecBOBASBTa „KieB. MitCJtH'", uas H03RB& BoacauTii Bijfiyii 
apeuitu rpoua r i,CLKMX i noiinwain j&ama ta aaBeAeana l^eaiypif — „oiajtan" BacH- 
.ii'HBo Btfliionis : „Bij;6yTi apcaini jo-aKHi iiiauin [apeaiTOByBa.ut irepeaaHaio yap, 
.•on.-penojiKinjoncpiaJ lioacnioioTLCH B3ara.ii Mijiasia oucpcvuaocTH aaa^aaoiai.. i ua- 
iLiiiKaai eobb ocoO.iBBoCTaxu ctoi'OjiHiuiaii BiiKixmBin oCcramia. Apeiuni Bi^Cyio 
:: inintHTMBH ocio\ mo Bi^orpa.iH BHjHy Dona b am oflCTasiiBai. Ta ii]io apeurra, 
hk npo chctcxj 1 naaraai poanpajiy a iio.iiTii'iiiinu ujioraBHHKa«ii, ne so:kc uyrn mobh. 
Mjaaie yaaxuio iiDTpiunna eKaaani, mo BpOTH thx ocio, KOTpi dyayTi. Becni xjaxun 
aritauiio niJOTii uioexoro .ia)iy, ui^KpaTO ne iipaaaaBaTH Boio i ocooanBo 38BIHBJ- 
iiaTa .10 afpapHiuc i hbbibi neuopa^KiE, 6y^e naiHTo aafipiiayiimiii aaxoflia. B nisi 
aaitpaai sate eopooaeao i)i,T.aoai,i,ni BKaaiBKB MiHicTpaM EDyrpiaiBix cnpaB, BiKctKO- 
BOMy i» locTitnii. 111,0 TopKaeTica aaflejieBBS noBaypii a,ia (aiet, to aoaa lac thm- 
MacoBBfi lapah-rep i auiciBKaHa aiios-TaicH bbmioibhiiii o JcTaBiiaaMH ibh.ii : b naii- 
u.iBajHi* naci Reiwypy oyjse CKacOBaBO*. Caso cofiow poayiieTLca, mo B^-i ui aaaBa 
nOTaMana" BaCKienxa npo n aiBy u noahiiKy terui. Tpa^v 6y.ni deacopranoio 
OpeiBoio. Tai;i peiH, hk apcmTit iroiiTH-iHHi BpoTaBHHKiii, BBifnn.iH ne to mo 
a oneway, a b ro.iH», CBaBUOHBa, Hiqau HevnopBoaaaMH apiimiin-npaBiwo ; xait 
can ctbjioci, i 3 ^eH3ypoK). C. K^peMoa Rttpexgo nncaa unxa sicauiB nopaj — 
no aaa paaii na tbvkacbl — apo CKaeyaaauH faivxmtpt ^eH3ypI] : Bona iciHTBMa 
Becb uac reTbuanmii hii. Ta npo ne niaBime. 



— "J""" 1 



— 14 




jHum move ypoOiiTii u,e. IIoBepHenna D,eHrpajtHoi Pa,in jy> Kiii'an 
i oHamfiEas TepnTopil yKpalnn bi# mockobclkoto isiilctKa CTaBBvio 3H0B 
Ha nops^oK jijeHHiiii cK-TincaHHa 3'i3jiy. Bis 6jb iiOTpioHHil 3 fiaraitox 
upHHHH. Tpeoa 6yao nepeofipaTit UeHTpa,ibHHH KoBttieT CejiHHCbKOl Chlikh 
i BeeyKpawcLKy Pajiy CeJWHebKiix ^enyraTiB, ocBia;rm[ i 3MinHimi 3BH3KH 
3 HeHTpaarbHOK) Pa&oro, EamTHTii TBepjiy jiiHk> nocTynoBaHHH TpyjOBoro 
ce.MHCTBa upH hobhx oGcTaBimax, mo acHo aaKHfliajncb bsk8 na 3«inHeHira 
uoiifiB;iinbKO-Hi[i(eiy>Kof peaKiui. BBaaiaiomi Ha Bee u,e, i Cyjio Bitpinicm> 
cKJiHKaTH ,Hpyrnft BceyKpalHCbKHfi CaumctKuri ->'i\i, mi noiaTOi iptuatBX 
1918, b KiiIbl Baaaa-Teri^b onosimeHi iipo 3'i3j xi&ieBi pa^H ceMHCbioix 
senyTa™ na cejisHCbiri HOBiTOBi i iy6epHM.ibHi Ann nona.ni na;i,rij;iaTii 
cboix upe^CTaBEiiKiB na 3'i3,j, me 3a KMbKa auib 30 BiflppHTTfl ftoro. Ilepwi 
jenyTara upii6yjiH b Khib Ha nepe^ojpri nepeBopoTy; a.ie ohbuiorni x*'- 
uyTariB aobmiocji lxara ^;o KniBa cam b jini nepeBopoTy. BiKe b aopoai 
cejume nisHon hobhh pexnM. CKoponajucbKim, xo«i me ft He ctbb TBep,io 
Ha CBoenry reTbrnanehKOMy CTLibni, npoTe Bace no^CiaB, moC He ^onycTiiTif 
3'Iajiy Tpy^oBoro cejTHHCTBa yKpaiHH, Hurai i iricn;eBi ai'eHTH reTbiaua 
apeniTOByBajiH cejramjRKHx jjenyTaTiB no ^oposi — na aa-iisHHUHx ia napo- 
masax i noBepTain Ix maan a6o KH^a.™ b Tropran. Ta see ac n,e w 
cniuinjio npii&my jenyTa™, llouyBiuii, mo 11 Knini pouiiTbca uu>cfc ne- 
joope, mo Ta« KKe nopaioTbCH nonrimHKii Ta ciibCKi RypKyai, ccthhctbo 
HanpaBoocb 30 KniBa ^ecaTKaini, contatt, TncmasH — 3a.Ti3Hitn,eio, 
napoMaBaMH, $ypann, iiiiiikii . . . KiiTb ojipaay nepenoBHnBCH o&SSBtun, 
Ha fleiib BiAKpirrra 3'i3,^ npiioy.io CLw 12 tucjih ce-iancbKHx Renyrads 
a ycix KiHqiB, a ycix noBi™. MaftiKe a ycix eea J T KpalEH. 3'i3S Bi^oyscii 
(8. — 10. TpaBHfl). Ono'taTKy espooyBaan 6yxa mj^jta 81bh ojp?epTO. Ajie 
n;i in'pmi' o]ii'iii[i:i;iiiiii)ii' itiopaHHS npiinvjn EBup b rOTtiaHebKOio pocifi- 
cbKOto oi))iin;epHeio i cn.1010 36pot poaiinaaH ceJiflH. llpeaHjiiio i i-ieais 
MaBflaTHOi Konieii 3'i3^y (b nncii ocTasHix i Mafi6yTHboro 'i-ieaa Jljipei;- 
Topi $. HlBen,fl) aaapeiuTyBajTii i KnHy.ni jo TJopsn. 8*fefl 6y:io Bafiopo- 
H6H0. Ha Byjmi;ffx Gy.io sflkbiiieHO HiiceubKy sapiy. TypTKH ce-ian poa- 
raHHJincb, apeuiTOByBajnicii. llic.ia u,boro >i.ieHH 3'i3,tj.' noTaiiKH 3i6pa.iiici, 
b 0KOiinH,i KniBa, b tbk aBason „rojiociiBCbKiH aici". 

06ypeHHH i ihlb oxoiihk ceaflHcrao. Bei oy.m uepeftHHTi oj,hh3i 
najiKira, HenepeMosmrji CaiEamum : sapas ace, TjT-TaKU oviicthtu KiiIb 
sin noMimnu,bEo- r no6poBOJib^oI HasojioHH Ta IXHboro BaiazKa, Bopora npaiyo- 
sninx aac fenepajia-uojiunnKa OKopona,a;cbKOro. I TUbKH HHcieHHe mm'Hi.i.v 
BifiebKo Hii >KpaIm, Ti.ii.1.11 i;i:i[,i;;i;v'c::iTbT]U-:inaa Baneopa aasora b Kni'iii 
BpHTjua-iti TO r i,i bLt napo r T,m.oI poaiipaBH 3 ^HCHOBe.ir.xoiKHin" rexi.MaHn>r ia 
iioro ;io6poBO.ibn;frMif. 

or>MipKVBaBum no,i,ii. mo CTa.inct Ha J'j^aini, ^Ipyrnil BceyKpaiHCbi.ini 
CejiHHCbKnft 3'i3^; iiocTaHOBin) „* npusupcTBOM BiftKHnyrn yTBOpeny iiamiMii. 
sejiLKiiMii 3eH.ieB.iacHHKauH i cumkhmii KyjiaKajiif Ta tssoswoffssoa rert- 
uaHCbKy B.ia^)', hk hbho caH03BaHHy ft Taicy, mo He icae hmkoi oaopii ia 
npH3HaHHH 3 <>OKy ,T,eMOKpaTii>iHnx ko.i yKpaiHa" i aaK-iHKaTii cejiBHCTBi» 
ho pimyMoF. oeaKorappiiooBoI, aopoflHOT 6opoTi,6u b reTtnaHnprnoK). 3'oKpe»a, 
mo-^o yiaCTir Hisnin y nepeBopoTi, Whix yxmiHB: 



16 — 



BaaaraiH, auii HempaiiHi ^.epataBB ue BTpyiuuca y BHyTpinim et;ono- 
KU'iai fncuiTHwi cnpaBB yKpamciKO* Hapo*H£OS PeenyGauKH, i bhoobhtb cbih 
pimy^Banpoieciio6ypeHHa snpaiojy toto, wo npeftciaB- 

HlKHlVXOSeilOi B3»P SpaSH aKTMBHy yiaCTL, KOpHCTyKJHBCB 

,.py*HO» chjioio, b xiacotii 6opoit6i Ha yKpalHi, b poiroii 
v VpalHciKoro lapjueEiy a y Bi^HOBaeHHio remaiUDii 
k a y k p a*i h i, sua ninipHMyeitca .mine HeBesuiKOio nyason 3eHaeB.iacHUKJB i i;aai- 
TaaiciiB, BopoatHi 30 yEpalHctuoi HapoAHtoI Pecny3:uuai i js,o Bcii sgofymB 

peBOJUottii." 

3*fej 3aKimuB cbo» upaiyo CBHySworo yxBajKmwaKaHKOi 30 BC&oro 

Tpv^OEoro' ce.inncTRa .Viipa'fini ( 'npniriMTHM omoiuiocwo nicia aorcrw 
1 ). in,a£fflioBa) : 

B ^pyraii BceyspalucLKHii CeaaucLKiiit S'lsi,, bkhu j'iiaBca bu bcix noBitiit 
yxpalHR i penpcaeaiy e coSoio SBaimtim" MiaiosiB conn- 
c t b a, 06'flBMe npoTect npoTH BrpyiaHHH Hian,iB y BHyipinmi noainraii cnpaBii 
VKpalBii, mo BHflBHaoct BjepsaBHOay nepesopori, i 3MBjae bcim rpoMaaaHaa 
yKpaiHCLKOl Pecny6auKH cai^yioie: 

1. CeiHHCiBO fie npn3Hae ofipaHuro noMinjHKasiB reTtMaaa; 

2. yBpa'iira aaanraaeTiCS HapoxHUHD PecnyflamcoH) 30 Bcina 3jo6yiKaiui peso- 
;iKin,i'i. 3eaaH ai b skoh)' pa3i ne ncpeio^urB Hasaa y Basemen. nonimnKait, bk to 
3a3Ha<iac reTtiaH b ceoIh rpanoii ; 

3. CeaaHCTBO aBepiaeTtcs no HimeufcEOro Haposy i ypaay z aaKJinKOM — He 
Bm npoTii yKpa5ncj.Koro uapo^y i ne sonycrawi flo npo.iHTTJi Kpo-BU ^boi nai 
Bapo.iia ; 

4. 3a BepioBHy n,eHTpaJiBBy yapalHcwty Baaay 3fsx BH3Hac yciaHOBii 36opH, 
jiKiix nponoHyc aerafiHO aiopaTHCt ; 

5. Jtaa nijipHUKTi yciaHOBiHi 36opiB i asooytiUB peBOjHOntf ^pyrnii Ceaan- 
euadt 3'i3A nocianoBaae opfaBi»yB&TU ceaaucTBO no noBnax b 6obbi j;py3t«HH i_ irifl- 
roiOBaaiHca $,0 BHCTyny. CeamicTBO *ae BHCTynaTu He oKpeMO, caaosijiLHO, a riatKH 
fto Basasy neirrpaabHoS opfaaiaaiui ; 

6. CeJMHCLKHfl 3'las 3Bepiaeitca a,o Bcix pofliTinmjix i leaoKpaTii'imix opfa- 
xhailiii 3 aaKaaKo* bctbth aa aaiai'T peBOJK)U,it i aapfiyiHi b aiii apaa la oGSABUBOB 

J 3 ceaaHCTBOK m& (Sopon&l 3 KOHTppeDOjnon,ieio. If., 

13 para cejnne ! Seaaa i bo.iii b Hefie3iien.i ! Haiimaa 'lopsa isapa Ha Haiuy 
KjiaiHy. ana 10'ie auoua HpHraiTUTB i-cishctbo i sep'Kaia iioro b Oi^aoTi xa TeaaoxL 



BciaBLMO a; bci Ha 6opoTbfiy 3 KOBTppeBo.iion,ieKi ! y.npe«, a aesai il bo.ii 
He n,uaito !* 

Taiai oy.ia oiRojj-anta onjima reTtMiismiiEH TpyjoBna, raorovMoHOBHii 
'■riaiiCTBos yKpaiHii. Tjt He 6jxo mobii npo mdcb KOSiipOMiCE, npo aKeci. 
t'i[ii);i;i[TT}i 3 reTLJiamunuoio. Tpyj,oBe — ■ KaxoaeieaBHe i 6eeeew6sna6 — - 
ceaBHCiso ^ofipe posyHim. ecieo jctotoio CBoeio Bi^»iyBaT0, mo a Baajora 
ii"i".i r T,;iBnix i aaneKZHX BoporiB-imjiiiniiiiiB ne Ho;Ke 6ym MiipHoro cniB- 
;i;iitth, mo posBBBaaHa eKOHOMii'iHO-con;ia.if,HJ!x cyuepeiHOCTei, ii'TiivKunrr 
m:\: uuirii ffiBom Bxacsni, hk i Bsaiaai BBcai^ CopOTtCn Mix BHSKOsy- 
i:;i>uimh i noiieBO-ieHnnii npanjoioinijiir Macaaui, ioae waiessas. tltbkh 
nil, 36poiH0l, nacHJbHoi uepesora ojpol 3 ho. „Ce.iaHci.Ka rojota", sk 
opsraxpsEBO aasiBaxB natosecexrae i Oemmmhue mshctbo r oi6opoori- 
,|mTii u b cboIm .tiicti ^o „flCHOBe«M«^oro nana reTtmaHa", ;i;o6pe 
po^maa, no bU noximinriB, KajiiTajicriB i ..cui,cf,i;hx sp^m" (otbx 
..x.iiuopor»iB-t,''Moi;iiaTin-. mo opraagyHumca W rfflMauewioi kth^b) se 
-.lUiiTii a m team (naa, b .mrniin Biuia^Ky, ni^ nojdmnidB nepeinaa 6 ho 
cmcbKHi uinirrirBi. a iii nftdnwHO-rpoiaASHCtBax npaB — xiel „BO.Ti", 
niHiiru ni;y ce.TaHCTBo Bse HasiHaoci, sa uaciB DjeBrpaatHOI Pa,i;n. 



— Hi — 



Tan ciiJid i ;;.i!i pooi'mimi-aa, miuin, ,lih iiai~i<Uibiit Hoxipt;ouaHoi fioro 
>i;n Tumi, iiy:io itciio. mo reTi,MaHin,iraa — tip iiaikopmiua, Hatripuioro taxywsy 
M»enBKO-pociiici»Ka 6yp;Kya;sno-iioM)ai,iiiy>h"a piun;ii,i?[, any ueoosijHo 3a bchkj* 
irjuy uouoptoBatii, ^pvi'uii BoeyKpataCfcrad TepHTOpia-itHiifi PofiiraiiiflH 8'fafl 
ina sikomv pociircbKO-eBpeficj,Ka <ppahii,ifl oy.ia noeABD tfubinoio. ms yKpalH- 
ibKai. m,o Bi^oyBOf neaei'&ibHO b KiriBi maiise o,tboweo 8 Ce.iflHci.Kmi 
(13. — 14. TpaBiM)*), b cboTs iiocTaHOBax mo-jo ouikkii reThxauniHiiH 
i ({topayjoBaHHii faniKfiix aaB^iHi. Tpy.xoBiix vac ^KpalKH b 6opoTb6i 
a peasnLes Kafxe iti b mw ne poaiiiuioBt-fl a BO&raHOsaH ceaHH- 
CBKoro 3*l3ay. 

IIi;i,r;[)t'i.'.iii[tiiii[. mo ivti.mhiu'i.kuh iiepeBopor aaiHffPBca cupaBoio pyK 
Hixeiv.Ko-pocifici.Koi oypxyaait, PooiTHii'iitfi 3'iaa bk*jub ,T,a.ii b cBolii pe» 
sojDoipr, mo :iiia'[iiiii!i ui.oro uopeBopoTy i u,i.ii, fflri cTaaiiTb uepe.T, liny 
oypacyaniu. earatoifi $ase&o sa seari yKpalim: re-rbJcaumiiHa HB.iJieTi.eH no- 
i iaTK0M oopoTi.Cn BcecBiTiu,oI oypxyaail a peBo.non;iiiiriiJiii asuraKHtmii upa- 
Umiohiii Mac BCboro carry. 3a aajjineHHHM peBo.iioH,iI Ha yKpuM aaio 
i"mt 8ajyneaHS peBononil n Pocil, yKpalua a&uuacb ruttEH iioiaTKOM, 
ijiopiiocroM b niil 6"opoTi»Ci. Basra mMen,bKiix l'eHepaiiB i ,,0TaMafliB-sfiHi- 
CTpiB" CKopona,i,r[.!;oio npo .neMOKpaTimiiTb iioboi B,ia,p i s'oKpeia npo 
n Jipiixn.ihiiicTi, jo iflel eyBepeHHOCTH yKpainebKOf flepaaBsocTH pooIthiihtbo 
Bsasaso .iuu,etfipcTjiox xa MacKYBamiaK Sypatyaail. „y»iacTb Ka,i;eTiB 
i iiHiuiix niopi/uiOHiix :i iiiijiii 6ypa£ya:(Hiii i"pyn » cK.ia,i,i lerbaaHCbKoro 
iipaBimMhcraa. ni'ni;i,iiuiii,Ta.ii.HOi , o hi nepcu SOU iipe r T,eTaBHUH,LKiiJi opi'a- 
hom, — roBopaaoeb n pesoaoipi 3'Iajrj - xo6ubmnn hoiu cycuiibHi 
Bepcriiii ini r.iy,i;6y naaymini E3flcag, I: ri.n.Kir lUIipXOKl, mo lipilKpilHIli: 
pftamrHhire ;jMicr U,ic:i Bjia^il.' 1 

3aKDns8KWDH poOiTHimTBO Bciel yKpaiHii fle opi"am3au,ii cboIx cn.i 
i cni.ibKOF :i Tpyj,OBiiM eejiHHCTBOM oojioTiion ;t reiMaBDiiiHoio, PoorrHHHJtfl 
3l8fl HaMiniii thki KOiiKpcTiri uLii to! (lopOTbon : 

,1, Ilcja-iaacKa yKpalactKa Hapo^ufi PecnyCiHKa. 

2, CK-iiiKanna >'Kpa'iHC[.KWX .VcTanoiium Hrtopio, aki MaKni omnn xapaKiep 
ii;iai:MiiR VKpatHciiRo) Pecu}'oj»iKH 3 peinToio ^acniH Ovbuioi Poci'i. 

3. Ilepejaia sen.ii flea BHK.vny B pymi Tpyaoooro Hapo,\v. 



*) 3'i3,i ubii fiyjo iipaaHa'ieHO (me 3a HaciB HeHTp. Pa^n) BceyKp. Fa^oni 
PoCiiE. JloiiyiaTiB Ha 12. rpasHa n Kiilai. Ha 3'k.i aajiu upudyTii ii[ie,iciaBHiiKi! 
poSiTHnKiB a nlooi repiiTOpi'i ^jg^alBB ; cno;iiBa.iiicL, orae, uejMKoro, aHurojiioABOro 
y'l3^y. Oftuaie nepcBopoT [inadiiB ui cnOAiBaaKii. CKopona^ciKiifl aaooponHB 31»a 
i;wkom (ait i iicpea thm CBjiaKCbKBH) i HaKasaB apeiBTOBysaTM AenyTaiie bckijh, jte 
ix i'ivj,e aHailjeno. ITiMni i pixel reTtjianctKi uocinaKii apeuiTOBj'BaiH pofiitHiwiu; 
AejiBfaTiB b Aopoai — a noTarax i Ha naponjiaaai (uo ^einpy), — i aa nicusx : 
» Kin'Mi, XapiKOBi, KaTepunociaBi i i. a. A.ie ra lacxnna jiejiBfaTin, nKiii uoniacTH.iit 
yxiUHtHca Bi,i apeniTiB, He aBajsaio'iH Ha rcTtManctKiiH Tepop i aaOopoay 3'Iajji-, 
KOCTaaoBiuia 3'i3^ BijiOyiii. 

Hi.i'iac BiAKpiina 3"iajiy Cyjio flutme 200 iioOithbihx jeiiyTaTin l piatani 
BicH,eBocieil .Vi;painn. Ha nil CyjiB upeflciBJi-ieHi bci con,is.iicTH>ini ujiacoai MtpriT, 
aui npan.K>Ba.iH b tou nac sa VKpuinL (b TOay iucii i pociHcmi con.-ieji. uoahQie- 
bhkb). 3 npe^cTaBHHKiB ^paKn,iii mix naprifi ira 3"i3^i i Oy.io cK.ia,;eHO npesHaiKi 
3'l3^y. Mepea HecnpiiflT.iuBi o6c*aBHHB 31m CKOpOTiis cbow npofpaay, oflaeacBBmacb 
ounipKyBaHBfli tkukii sbox iiht&hj. : 1. liixyinii noaimBnti jsi-ht i 2. VrfiopeiiHa 
BcevKpa'iHCiKoro opfaaiaaiOHHoro nonrpy. 



— 17 — 



4. IllupoKa jaK(jnuj,aTHa oinpoua upanj, j.cp-.i;aBmifi lannpiui, naj, npcuyi;- 
Hitki, 3 yvacuo potflTHHdB, i h(u:l«hio,i,iiiihmH poooHHii A«Hb. 

o. IIoBHa nn.ia Koa.iiiiiu, CTpauieiB, 3<5opiB, caoBa, apyny i t. m. 

6. HenopyuinicTt aexoKpaTHiHM opfama caxoBpaayBaaHa Ta mi in hi j.*.'*"- 
Kpanram opYaniaaniii i saraioa ycix BoatBoereH, nporojomewii III i IV yaiBep- 
caJiasH y. HeKip. Pajm. 

7. iloBiia pijtnoupaBiiicTb Hau.ioHajn.iiocreii i nau,ioBajbHO-nepcoBa,ibHa asio- 
Boiia ;ua BanioHa.TiHHi xemuncTeii." 

Hk <5aiuM0, no eyra ne fiyao apiaraamg iipiiBepHeHaa tux iiopaAKis, 
neTOipB i njjiefi jepaaBHO-cyciraBHOro (iy.TjBjnin.Tna-. aiu naHysajiH hu 
>Kp;iiHi :ui naciB H,effrp. Pa,T,ii. H,e 6yB upofpaw iionipKOBaHoi HacTiiiia 
.(.(■MoKpiiTii VKpaJini. 8KB BBiUKU-ia couifuiL'Tii'iirv pesoaoniio He na iaci. 
sunt na ca.wo.My Po6iTiH[«H>iiy BlaR aycTpLia rocrpoio kjhitiikoio biictyii 
iipoMOBun-oO-ihiiiesHKa. wipnfi aaKJHKUB poOiTHHUTBO He cCoMysaTH b 6ii; 
enpan Huuiomi.iMio-iio.iiTiraiHX, nopBarii a racaara ji,eMOKpaTH<iHoro nap.isi- 
«eHTapB;My i 6opoTH(» aa pajHHC&Ky Baajy i iiepeBe^eHHJi coniH.iicTH«niol 
peBo.ij<>ii,ii aa yRpalHi *) Ta thn jraiime BHCTynaia (Ha T.ii aacTpolB no- 
MipKOBaHoi 'faeniHu po6iTHiiu,TBa) ma pamipfeiicJK i njjKOBHTa HenpHeuc- 
xicTh reTi.i»anm,]iuii ,visj po6iTHii'ie-ce.uiHCi>Kiix Mac yKpalBH, 

HaiipHKiiuu cboeF poooTii i[oct!1hobob Poilirniraiii 3%fl VTBopHTU 
ocofuimy .,Opi'aniijaii,iiii[v Kwriefflf, Ha o6obh;iok flKO? noK.ia», b <mcii 
hhdiux cnpas, .iH<popjian;iio i Koopjjuiauim Hiix BiiaryniB pooo'iof oacn 
b 6opoTi.(ii a reTtMaHimmoBi. • 

BxnafcKO v iioi'TaaoB PooiTHu<ioro 3'Is^y cram. yxBa.ni no oiajy- 
'\usiy BoieHTj I Ibtoto 31asy f K o h i* p e e y | > i. p a i a c i» s o I Con,.- r HeM. 
PoSjthiimoi llapTii, jii.0 mjsfijB&i a *e[H', i,iiix aiu-.iax TpaBHH b Khibi. 
15 eiipajti sepstaBHOTO nepeBopoTv KoHfpec J'lqp. Con;.-^e». Ilapiil bhhic 
•raity noCTaHOBy : 

..1. yKpamctKa peBo.iiouia b CBoexy poaBHTKy BHcyayjia rawa sepsaBBn'i 
caxocriJijiocTu yupaiau i KopiiHHX con,ia-ii.uHjc pec[popx, mo biibcih pCBOJijonixi :ia 
■eaii peBojjoHJ'f naaioHa.'itiio'i i iiocraBiuii po3BH3auun II aanAairi, b saJiexHidb si,i 
^aiiTOpiu siaiHapo,;aii. 

. IcpxaBiinii nopeBopoT 29. KBinia a itpoi'o.iouicHHaa rcn.aaactKoi Bja,in 
« aacjuoK spociaKivux uiuituiu Jleaipa-iinHi JI,ep.naB la oaupoenoro BTpyianua fx 
BiiiciKa y BH)T]iiniBc ;khtts yKpalncLKoI Peciryfl.niKii ; cnHpaiomicb na Kaacy bcjihkbi 
n.'iaciiHKii: lipn rii.i.ii=]r,i;]i,i (iypaiyasii, 3a sriixk (ae-iHKum B.iacnuKajni) n^e lacraaii 
Api&HHX BjacHHKiB, ojiinxayTiii b nofi taoop He^oaajyiOKi scste.ifcHOio -noJiiTHKOK) 



*} JJacjiyroBjE aa ynary Te, mo bcc po(iiTHHn,TBO, npeacTaBJieiie aa 3*lajp, sa 
BHK.noieBHHSi pociitciiKiii OuJitiiieBiiKiB, 8po3ymi^o peBOJiHmijiao 3Ha'iiHffa raeaa ca- 

MOCTillBOCTH yKpalHCbKOt JiepacaBHOCTB B dopOIBOi 3 leTbHaBMHHOHJ i nOCTaBII.10 lie 

racjio nepuiOK) ioikoio — KOHBpeinoio nijio Copoibfla a Gypacyaano-reTbsaHCb- 
kok) jmcTarypow. „Po(iiTH. TaaeTa" 3 npnao^y Hboro nncana : „L|,c nepinMH o6ea- 
Hansnl Bncxyii npoacTapiary ,\ 'i;]>aiHii, Koan bih ni^HOBiiBcs ai,i, opicHTan.il b Giu 
Mockbh S lleTporpajy ra sbsisle cnpauy aaK|iiujeHHii cboIi sjiodyrKiB (b peBOJiioitil) 
3 y^epacasHBx yKpalwctKoi PecnyfijHKH. HpocTHB inciHHKT canosajOBaHna pofioini 
Hao BsaaaB ia, b;o racjn o6cj.naHHa a Pocieio b cyqacHnil neHT e peaKn,LBHHii. U.f 
racJio BBKopHCTonyioTL ;iapaj aaexeaxB, Bopo;i:i as jeMOEpaiii, Tan i yKpaiaciKur 
cnpaui, b JHiepecai [lecraBpanii ,eflHHOl Moaapia-inoi Pocil,' TaKax <mnox, ii 
ape^cTaiiHiiKH pofloiui xac, mp 3i(ipa.THca Ha 3*tefX, bkhbiuh csiii eiipaBZHiii kjh- 
■cobhB po;iyx . . . Iniepecn jieaoKpaTU ii yKpalncbKoro Hapo^y BiixaraioTb, mu.j 
yKpa'ina Oj'aa caxocTiiiHOio Aepataaoio, i aci ii KO.ia jtioKpaiil, ani TarayTb 
SO 31'oaaHHn 3 Pocieio, juijoti bo,\v aa KOaeoo peaKnj'i, U,i Ko.ia xvohtb npncTyiaTBca 
ao io.iol'v PnuiTHiiiorn 31»ay.* 

X^icrBit. IcropU jiesojmaii , ) III. * 



1 



18 — 



con,.-peB. ulitiuocTH IleHipaabuoi Pa,HH, — n e it iiepeBopoi nae net<>K> 
a h a m e fl i! h J'KpaUci*oi JI,epa£aBBOCTH i Bcii a j o d y t b i b p e- 

b o z » H i % ■ 

3. Ociaio'iHe possaaaHHB aaBA&Hb yspa'iiicLKo'i peBoaioii.ii sBasaH? 3 pocTOM 
pesojiroiufiHoro npoaeTapcbKoro pyxy aa aaxoxi, — 

— iohj V KOuipec yCflPH nporoaoaiyc : 

I. B cj^acHHit MOMeat aycxiafl npoaeiapiary noBiiHHi <Sy«i BaapaBaeni : 
a) Ha opfairi3anijo i sGubmeuHn' cbo'jx chj i pimyny fiopoitfly tycxKR npoiisamr, be 
KOHip-peBO.iion.ii i aHTHAepxaBHHi ia aHTHyKpalHCbKHX Ten,tenu,iu naayKmni uirni 
BepciB, Tat: i 3 npoHBajtti iiTpyiaiiua BiiicbKa. U,eHTpaabHHX .HepacaB y lSByipimni b!a- 
HoenHH y&pamn ; 6) Ha oaipsaflna, nuexoH opfani30BaBo'i no.iiTitHno'i pofioin, apioHHX 
seitejibHHi B.iacflKKtB aij. bojuikhx aese.iLHiix [i.iiiciiiiKin ; b) isa naBaaaiiHn .ihooib 
3 juiepHau,iona.iosi i yiBOpeflHa JtijKHapojiHbOl ai;u.i'i ira KopHCTb J'Kpa'iHH. 

II. B uojiiimuiii i naiiiouaaiiBiii (iopoTifli npoaeiapiaT nycHTt BHcynyrn rac.ia 
HeiafiHoro iiepeBe,nejiiia Bisoopiu i Heraiiiioro cKJHKaHan yKpalBCbKnx yeranoB- 
tHi 36opiB. 

III. B cboIB po5otl uapria noBHnaa nposa;uiTn pimyiy fiopoTtCy aa aoepe- 
KeHHB Bcii p e a a i a o a a h h x a a, o 6 y t k i \i peBOaK>n,i'i. 

IV. Ilapiia Bcina cnaaau nyciCTL BjepxyBaTL npo.KTapisi bij uncTyuiB Ha 
ui.ihi anapxu4Uoi OopoTtfiii i HanpaBJiaiu iioro na iii.ihx opfaaiaoBaHHx in>,iiTH'iiiiix 

BliCTyClB." 

B cnpaBi Han,ioHiutno-ii;epHjaBHiH (oMOCriiiHCKTii yKpalmi) Kom'pec 
yC,I,I J ll marie yxsaJiy, jqeok) piiuyro nopBan a Hej,aBHf,oio aBTOiioxiraio-ipe- 
r T,epa.iiCTiraHoio npoi'paMOBOK) no3Hiucio napTii'. *) Bitkvr njei yxBam thkiih : 

„3BaataKMir na Te, m,o: 

1. iHiepecH poaBUTKv npoajKnjftBnx ch.t aa yKpa'iui i 3BBsafloro l uhb po3- 
BUTKy KjiacoBoi 6opOTt6H npOMiapiaTy nepeoyBaioTb b nenpHMUpanoBy npoTUBCHiTBi 
3 iimepisjricTHqHiiBH TeHa.enniflHH pocificbKoS 6ypncya3ii ; 

2. B3,o flopotbCia pociHCtKux fioabraeBHKis a yKpaiHcmoio 3;e«OKpaiicio tioKa- 
3a_sa, m,o ft pociftcbKitK npoacTapiaT He 3nir m,e 6 joci yBbiHBinca si* bk.ihbib 
iainepia.iisMy pociftcbKOS oypacyaaii i b CBoeMy noxoaj na yitpalHy fiya .iubic ciinnx 
napaaflHB b IT pyicax ; 

3. m,o, TaKHK ihbom, b cy^acHifi Pocil aenag aca^uol oacit, Ha ,T.oiio«ory 
KOipoi B OopOTbfii 3a Hau,iOHajLBo-no.iiiHiuy bojhj air Oh cuoAJBaiHCa yKpaiHCbKiiii 
npojcTapiaT i ui.ia vKpauiciiica ^cBOEpaTia ; 

4. n;o npH ; i,anHX ynosax rac.io $efl,6paH,i'i bUhochtbch nepe^jxiK, :ik niaax 
3,0 pedaBpanil „eflBH0'l, aeflLiBnoi Pocil", i Haii6ijiiBi b Tony 3aiHTcpecoRaHiuiii 
noscimHUbKHiin i 6ypa:ya3HHan Ko.iasn, — 

— V Konfpec y«p. C.-/t,. Poo. Ilapiii BBaatat-, b;o npa ,;aHiix ysoBiiHax 
.mine o j c t o m b a n h h n, i .1 k n b h i o S caaocTiftHOCTii \* k p a I ii » «oa:e 
flaiH, an yKpa^HJ, b hUomv, Taic i ynpaiircbKOMy iipo.ieTapiHioui aoKpesa, saitci- 
aa.ibHe 3afieaiieieHBs ix Bi.ii.noro HauioHa-nMO-KyatTypHoro i coniajbHo-eKOHOjiH'i- 

Horo p03BHTKy. 

PaaoM a thk, V KoHfpec yC^PIIaprii BBaa;ae neO')ii,i,HHiiH upit cyiacHiir 
ysoBHHax, am CK.ia.iBCi Ha YKpaiiii i b Pocil, nposasiiTit piniyiy <5opoTbr>v i racao* 
$ea;epauii a Pociew, s« a racoon, naiipaB.iemtii ltporn yKpaiacbKot peBO.i»n.ii 
i npoTn iHTepecis yitpaiHCbKoro BpoatTapiflTy." **) 



*j JlwBHCb nocTauoBH IV KoHfpecy yC^,PII (ceHTaCpt 1917. p.) b h.iiuoeu£- 
Hiii cnpaBi, b sehx napiix ciana na fpyHT i)ie,i;epau,ii. 

**) U,ieio noeiaHOBoio Koafpecy ocTaTOMHO <popMVJiyBajinci npoipaaoai uociy- 
aaiH yCJIP Ilapii'i b BanjonaaiHo-iioaiTH'uiifi cnpaBi. Iloaitfaoro posy ovaa i yiBa- 
aaaa Koafpecy b BeaeatBiB cnpaBi, aKa aByintb TaK : „BB3HaK>HH, mo" ;kifitb nii- 
TBepjBao BipnicTL afpapnoro npofpasy, npHfinaToro IV KoH*pecon napii'i, V Koafpec 
aaiwuiKac TOBapmniB xo uiHpoKO'i iioro ni)onalaBAH. B iBTepecax bcboctb, V Konfpec 
aai.ae § 2. irpofpaay Taicy pe3.aKn.iK) : „Bci 3enai npusaTHiix B.iacHHKiB, mf> laion. 






19 



H cnpasi potfixHiifot noaixiiKH Kora'pec eraB Ha xy icffiy norasAy, 
juc> iiiviac apocTaroior peaKii.it i BeoKoro eKOHOMMioioro 6e3Jra^a aaraahHi 
onioBii u,itf [[O-iiniKii uobhhhI oyiH CKepoBaai „hc cxiibKii Ha ocarneHHH 
HOBHX MarepiaJtBHiix HopM aaKOHOsaBCTBa", ci;Lir,i;n Ha „<j>aKTimHe aaitpin- 
.ii'HHH aa npoaeTapiflTOM cnoco6ia Biuimy na aCepeaceHHH i aa.ii.Dura poo- 
bhtoe Biiooperaix m^nac pesojiionii a^odyiKiB." 

lisa nacTuaa yKpafacbicoi coijiflflb-aeHOKpaxil (Heaajiea^HKH) 6y.xa 
na utoaiy KoHrpeci b Bejiindft Menbinocxn, neopi'aHiaOBaHa i poafoixa so- 
pii.[i>no (n.eHTpa.TicTii^Dio-uiOBiflicTH'fflOK), yKpaiHO<|io6e&KOio noJiiTHKOio pociii- 
cbKux oo.n.iiB'Kiiiaif Ha YKpaM uijiac ouyiianil humii J'Kpaliiii) ; H hoiybot 
qepes Te aoBciif ne ojfiflviiicb b uocxaHOBax Kompeey napxit. Tlibkh m:s- 
mine (b 'laei ^HpeKTopu) Bona Biijr>o;yi.7.aCb 3H0Ba, CKpiixia i aaHBii.ia 
cede OKpeMM hojutipihhm hhhhkom cnxmxKy b 3ara.ibinix pajax yh-p. cod,.- 
.flexoKpaxit, ;i Tpoxn aro^OM ■ — as onpesa, caMoeTiuHa napxia". 

3obcm HHaKiiie Bi.iHoiueiraa urn .liBoto i npasoio lacxiraoio aapril 
yTBopii.ioca Ha IV :Tu.(i JTEpaSaaBOl IlapTiF ConiflviicTiB-PeBOJiK^OHepiB, 
iuo Heaia'a-itno BijoyBca b oeojIhiuix Kuisa *) 13. — 16. xpaBHfl 1918. p. 
Xov EFSsa Biinan i He'iiicieHHiiii — b toS 'iae 6araniK0 con,.-peB. Gy.io 
B3Ke aaapemTOBaHO reTbaaimanni, a me OLitnie uepexoBVBa.iocb, yHBKa» i ra 
apemra, — npoxe qjaKxtume Bi^HomeHHa ch-i b uapxil oy.io BijtfHie Ha 
ntoMy r T;ociiTL BipHo. IIpaBa i iriBa Te'ria Cyan jipe r TCTaB.TeHi Ha B'laai 
Manse b o^aKOBin wipi, mo, 3peiuxoro, npHTOHiiJiocb ip xoro. mo 3'Ia.t; 
ait ,i,t'-!ii;nM iiin'aiiHii.ii ae amir RiraccTit aoBeiM hiskhx piaieHL. r T,OK-i;i;i.n 
aa Tesni uopHjj,Ky i.eHHoro (1. CnpaB03ji;aHHH (JipaKnil b IJenxp. Pa^i 
i IT^eaxp. IComiti'tv imp™. 2. Cywnnii near i 3. TaKxiiKa napTil) bhtlth- 
i;a.m miT-iBiraiiHO Oypx-iHBi, rocxpi ^eCaxu. JIk b on,iHn,i MHHy.ioi iiajii.- 
Hoexn iiapxii, rat; i a OHJHHJ cyiaCHOT© meHxy Ta b HainHeHHio ULiaxiB 
.ia.ii.iuui uupoTi.{iii, BiiKpiuocb sejHKe, npnHninoBe poaxojpceHiia sia: upasira 
i .lisuM KpuaoM napTil. 

]\]>mw upHJio napxir BBaiKajio peBO,iiou;iio CKiiraeHOH) i npononyBaao 
BHKopm'TaTH ^epe.'raaiKy" jyis. „0pi , am3aii,il «ae, HijHeeeiffla is Kv.iLTj'p- 
HoeTn, KiHCOBOi i n anion u.ilhoi cb1ji;omocth" b yuoBax aefa-ibHoro nw 
HairiB-jei'a.ibHoro ieTHyBamifl napTii, i fl,e-!ii;i ■'■ npoBi^iiiiKiB Htoro Kpii.ia 
npononyBam buxojiitii b onJHui MOMeHTy i HasmieHHio napTuuioi t;u;tiii;ii 
„3 to^kh Hor.iH.Tv aoepexeHiM yupaiHCbKOi ^epsaBHocTH", hk ojHoro 
;■■ iiMm'ii.iuiiiix BjoCyTKiB peBo.iionii, i, b aro^i \\ hum, BHC40B.uoBa.7nci, 
HaBiTb aa yuacTb b cypofteri nap-BiMeHTy — b Jl.epsaBHiH Paj;i, ko.ih 6 
BOHa ny.ra CKJUKaaa reTbMaHOi, i aa „ij;pyiKHe esmj^MSOS ri.m.-pea.. 
con-jeM. i eon;.-$eaepajiicTiB b njaflx nepe^ain BJra,T,n b yKpamcbKi pyKii." 
I! iu'ii casHM 'lac .TiBa nacTHiia Hapxit BBaxoa peBO-ironiio Be cidOTeHoio, 
iii.iHocH.m nepe^OBCUi 3Ha<iiHna jioMenxy coiqaaiHO-eKOHOMH'ffloro, iipoxecxy- 
Bajia nponi .,HniiioHii.ibiio- r i,ep;KaBrain,bKOl xa eBo.uoniHHOi" no.iixHKii npaBOi 

BjacHo'i aoi.ii (ji.7r.in BCTanoBJieHOl HopMii, a TasoK 3ea.11 Ka3eHHi, ijapctKi, KsaaJB- 
ciKi, y^iauii, n;epKOBHi Ta MaHacTiipcsiti nOBunno Kun^icKyBaTii Cea Btisjuy Ta ue- 
pe^aTH b yKpaiHCbKHii aeacitHHa iJiohs. Hopsa 3e«ej*H0i naonUi Buibnol bir koh- 
^icKBTH, BCTaHOB.iHBTicK aese.TtHHMn KOKiTeTaitii, ui,TnoBi,i,no »icneBH!i jaoBaii ta 
atioiTR aen.ii." 

*J B CBaTnmHBC!.Kii[ jjci L b ITvHuft-Boftniu (tea; b .iici). 



20 



Tcrii BitaioiuioBajiach upoTir .,hi^hihk)bu)ihji'" iUtneOBOl I'oniu.iiL'Tirao-pe- 

BOJUQiyUHOl 6opOTt6lI TpyflOBMX HaC Kyj[I>Typn]Iiy>KOIO ailOjiTOHHOK) pofioTOio 

„BepxiB" napTii i HJnreaaa nap™ b „ui r T,iri.i.ijr' ~ gas npi ^maatriT 36poii- 
hoix) noBCTaHHil po6iTHjin;TBa i ce;iflHCTBa upora reTLinamnifflH. 

Jl^ia lapaKTepiicTHKii iraCTpolB, mo lranyraiii wa 3'rajp, i posuuKHo- 
rTt'ii mia: npaBBM i ,iiBiii KpiLioH 31afly naBO/yiso TyT ypiiBKif a iipoiOB, 
BinoJoiueHiii ua 3'i3,T,i npejcTaBHHKaMit JiiBoJ Tenil (npiraBiim, npoBCOBffJB, 
Ha xsuih, ne MoawMO uoj^aTH a roi iipiiKnim, m,o b onyCjiiKOBaaoMy aa 
mitin i-eTLMaiuuiiHii cupaB0a,i,aB3iK) npo %%%, iiwut mii KopncTyCMOCh, npiia- 

BKina yiaCTHHKlB 3T3BJ, B t.'iillCIlipaTHBHHX ni-iax, IIO.WTO yMOBHIIHn aaa- 

xami — n,m}ipaMn). 

„MeHT, skhb: aapa3 nepeatHBae yapaina — roBopan „t o b. 6.", — aBjiaerbca 
nac.ii,iKOK ycie'i nonepeftiitoi t&ktheh Uearp. KoaiicTy Ilaprii i ypHAJ'i Koaa Bin 
nocTasBB CBoew njuuun 6opOTb6y 3 i'u).ibuie«iiKaan. i'cTi.Maiinunia ecw. ;i,a.;bjmiH pos- 

BHTOK Tie! IIOJUTUKH. \ r Kp. Ha[ITiiI CoH.-PeBOJIJOD;iOHepiB, nriyilHBDIH B H«HTpa.M.[lifi 

Pafli Ha iD.isx wauna a KOUTp-peBOJiionioBcpaaii, jipime.'ia ao uiiimensm B.iajui 
npoaesyioHHra; napiiii. 3BiACii ipeija biixoahth b oiiJBui aoaeaiy. Sapaa b > p Kpa- 
lHcbsifi IlapTi'i Cou,.-PeB. aaeao ab! BeiipaaHpaai iciii, KOTpt ne aaioit cnuibiioi 
mobh. Ko.iii o,xua lacTiisa con.-pcB. iiin.ia paaoa a HimniiMH iiptmi pomMWuif, 
Apyra, ko.ih u sia.ia asory opfaBiayuani itiuctKo, oa.iaca C> npora n,ie'i nepnioi vn» 

THHH. He BapT KpHTHKVBaTH ypHA)', 00 A™ HaC SCBO, mO MM llOBHHBi Oy.lH 6opO- 

TBCt a h,iik ypaaos aiipoeio. ]jefl ypaft cnipaeca Ha aeix, otrpii CBoro BaacHoro 
aapoAy. To oy.ia ta caaa reTLaanctna iio.iiTBRa. bojm uiyica.iocL onopH b "lyatHi 
lepacasaj;. Ha3By coi(.-peBOJnon.iOHeput bocu.ih mane, coipi cou,.-poB. He oy.m. 
K'o.iu lOBapHini rosopsTb, bxo hh hobuhhi tbophth aeMOKpaTnqHy SypsyaaBy pecny- 
ijjHKy, to n,c bcho xapaKrepitayi: ry le'iiio. 

Mb noHBHHi ije dpfbrhhth — poaiHTHCb. Mo%e b BuvHOBKax m,a-j,o TawnKH 
■b aiH^etioe* a iipaBow Teiiew, a.ie irpejuiocaiKB i ueHiofliofia y Hac piatui. He 
ne noBHUHo aaciinJioBaTH nan owefi i ne aaryuiRoByBaTn Heo5ii,^HoCTH .poaBOjy-.' 
Hi-no. n;o HycaTb 6y?u aiiKiiHyri a napTii ai>o oa,%i n6o jpyi'i." 

A „t. 17" npo^OBxyBaBi 

n 0cH0BHa opiiiiiBa OaHKpoTCTBa ta oe3cu.ioc(a saiuoi Baprii — ue Te, mo 
napria He fiy.ia couiajiicTiiinoio. Ty^H bii)au.ih axtjip, mo xoKaraJmca jhhjp Han;io- 
Haatnot peBOJHon;ii, i ri, n;o hia npauopoM napri'i bhiah.iu a° ypaA)', bio 6 Tai TBOpam 
,peajii.Hy nojiTHKy". ^aciDBa napril, KOTpa oCcioHiBaaa aaiciiiKaiiita Ha yapalay 
ni«ei?LKoro aiBctKa, iuo uiKaBiisacL poBMiouieio. Boaa npuAJ'HiBaa peBOJinnjs> 
y nac i «aAep!Ea,ia 5'i b fepaaHil. Mkoki bmaho n,iHOK) n,i iiiiiofli „AepKaBBHKH* 
iOTiiH .mme 36eperrn Aepa'asy. < JmiH.ibiii aaiuannH rpajn y hhi A]'yro])aAHy poaio. 
Kohb rotoai 3apaa BiA«oBiirHCfc b!a con,iaai3an;ii 3eui, BucTaBJiHioiH H, as npofpaay 
maximum, rojU, sk npu n;apcbKoay pexcnai tie BircTaii.iH.n^). hk Hpofpaaa-minimum. 
A oueETiiBiri yaoBB toai Oy.iH He Kpami BiA TenepiniBix. 

y Hac mrmsancs, acao abi rpynu : iiiTepaan,ioBa.ibua i AepacaBHTiKH, KOlpi 
AepasBy MaBJiHrt Bnme e&h yce. Hk nio an Be loqeao 3 bob biabochth iiauiiniaat- 
hhi racea, poaoyAavyBaia Hanionaatay BoposKiieny, to aycHMo BiAsoBBTiicb bia W* 
tuku noBctauuH. itaa HeodiAHa napiH3aHctKa CopoTtoa neBe.umKHX no incay, 
cbIaomhi Coubhi oipaAiB, KOTpi Be.™ 6 6opoTb6y we itpoTH Hiaa,iB, «k tas;Hi, a 60- 
poaact fla 3 TieRi hciStiikoki, skb npouaAHTtca Tenepiuiatoio BjaAOfu." 

HaBe^eio me Ki.ibKa cjiiB a iipomobh „t. 18": 

n Mix iBJin ABoaa Jpyaaaji, Kaaas n;eft npo«OBen,t, no aaaiTDJiMCt v HftC, icray* 
rjuooue poeiOAsenHs. Oabi soscia BiAsnAaJOit peBoajnn,ioai3», aaaisaioiii floro nift 
hki iBiinK) eBojHin.ioniaMoir. y Apynn pesojiKiD;ioHi3B coniaabHoi npapoAH, a He liatKH 
an mctoa CopoTtSa. Maeao A»i Teiii e napril : peBo.non.iHHy i eBOJuonjiiuy. OcTOHHa — 
HanjoHajiiHo-peBoji»n,iHHa. H.e BiAfiMoct Ha i'i pofloti i b ypaAi i b UeHTpa-itfliB Pafli. 
Tenep, kojh oaprii AOBOAHTtea crara aa fpyni flopoTtfia 3 KOUTppeno,non,ieio, pocxoA- 
-A-eaaa ycyryfi-iaeTtca tbm Ciatiae, mo an po3iOAnaoet i a iianiiii laBTHDJ. '.J o,i,aor» 




21 



fioKV KvawypiumMea poooia i noiiiiB'ma attain b $opai ono3nni'i. Ue ry6uTi> i vaTOMini: 
taacoBV dopOTiCj. B thi opfaaiaanjai, hki 3a.iHiua1cm.C8 .icfa.ii.UMaH, hh nohhhhi" 
npan,K)BaTH ai:faMHo, aae nopya a th« noBumia Oyni i aauia pofloia — peBo.uoniHBa. 
OcHoBna Baina poSoia Cy^e Becnict b ae.iefa.ii.HHx ysfOBai." 

HuuobL uio ,1,0 no^Liy iia .liny i npany wniro, 6yao aanponOHOeaao 
alspim m oKpesiix peao.iKiH.ii no OuhyiOMy nonewry, rah-rani i ogjsnj 
iHHyjiol jiuubHOCTii uaprii. Pe30.non,bj npnEoI (ypa,s,OBOi npn HeiiTpa.iLiiiH 
Pafli) Te>ril 3Byiaia tok: 

1, B MHHj'.inii peBOJuonifimfi pin napiia, aKa 6paia sk uaft^iajuuiny JPiacii 
y peBoaKmil, cnipaioincb na niapoKi napojtiii aaca, aysLia ^nociaaHTii i iioqacTH 
nj,ii£CBHTH niaatt paa cboIi npofpaaoBui nocTyjiaria. B cboTh peBoaioniiiHiH jfMXL- 
liucTH iiapria caapajiacs tojobho Ba peBo.nou,iufliiii CHTysiaaa aai- Ta ua uiflTpHsaanKi 
n,aaa aacaau npofijaaoBui race.1 aapril, i b n,boay <Sy.ia It CH.ia nisiac peBoawniil- 
aoro aepiofly. Aae tb, ny> tLilkh n,eu peBOjnon,iBnufi eaTyaiaaa t ni iipofpaaoBi 
racita 6yjra roaoBHHK 'iiiuom iiiflsajiBHOio ^iajtEOCTU napiii, 6y.io 3 II caaoicm), 6o r 
kojih peBOJHonjaHHir eHiy3ia3B Mac boibb, Epenui, eaaflaiB, BOKaaa-incn, n(0 aapiia 
ae »ae hhuumi, opraimianx nijiaaaHH, aid ji;onoaarau d til yflepacatBca Baftajii a poai 
upoBWHHui Hapo^nis mac i paaou 3 thb 3a^,epa:aTH no6i«HBH iu peaiiu,il Ta aojjepH- 
aysaTH upon.ec cnajy peBOJnon,ifiaoI ibbm. 

2. HepeBopoT, bkhu CTaaca ua yapalai 29. kbithh, ciaopBB cHiyan.i», asa ae 
BiflBOBi^aE KonijifypanjI cua b i;pa'ini i in caana e Heiiopsaauioio, a toikh norjwA}' 
rpoaaxcMtol eBo.iH>uii. 1 pesy-iBTaioa uacaJii>KoI y3ypnan.il u.ia.iH eaeneaTaaB, mo 
ae aaioTi onopn a Kpa'iHi. Toay ojhhh a Giatyqux TaKiaaaai uaB.iaHt, napiii c (So- 
pon>u'a apoia cy^acaoro npaBisieabeTBa 3a ,neaoKpaTB3au;iB nojiiBHaoro i coa,iujL- 
Boro scans yKpaiiiH. Jtaa u,id 6opoTi,fin uapiia uoaairaa B3HTH aKTHBHy yaacTt 
b loay nacoBoay pyioBi, aauii noaiiatsifcCH 3 npBBOfly nepesopoiy, HaiipaBaaMqii 
i BHBOpHCTOBysoiH floro b 0,1X81 ipiBepitEii je i o KpaniBoro 
,iaay Ha yKpalni. 

3. Bu3Haiu4H, mo Bi,q,uoiueuBH cu.i u spallj ue lane, moSB aoriia y,iepa:aTHCH 
Bja^a coi;ia.iiciflqBHX eacMemiB cyciri.iF.nocTH, 8K to Oy.io b nepiofti posBiiTKy peBO- 
.iHJn,ii, uapTiH, ni,T,niipaH)in cupoOn AaaoKpariiaaiti'i B.ia,i,ii i fiopK) l inui> aa j(eaoKpa- 
THMBHii jia,T, na yKpa'ini, cava Be nose npaaaaiH yiaciii y s,iaii i Toay Biiaicae 
Bunji04eH0io aoauHBicTL iip!iio,iy napriHBHi eaeaenTiB Ha no.iiTHHao iii^uoHi.iaJJi.Bi 
cianoBania b a.ep:Kaiii. HatoMicui. ouuobhoK) TaKTiiaoio napTii aoBuuua 6yia o|>(a- 
HHiHa, poapaioBaHa Ha aoBniml nepioji pooora nan CKpinjieBaaa cboIi nosaniil 
y aacai i aa^ opfaai3au,ieK> caaol napiii. it^a toro ipeOa BaaTiica 3a mapmy poCory 
cepeA aac aa aicusi, opfaniaaaiio cai aac uij; BapriuHua upanopoa Ta u upo^eciii- 
hhi opfaaiaaniai, a Taaoac aa CTBopeaHa sk Haiimnpmoi citkh naptiuHHi uwipacaciB 
— eKOHoaa^nax, apocuiTuui, bhabbbhiux i t. n. Thm cnoco6oa nepio.i nojiiTHiHoi 
CTafBaa;iI noBanea <3vtb Basopaciaaaa ,iJin opfaaaqnoro 3aiaaeuui! naprii, afia lipu 
HaBiijuaiiia nUiinai peBuaniiiuno! iBB.ti. HaCi.iii:KeaBa asoro dobbbho 6vth oaaHa 
a BafiroaoBuiiain aasAaHi. napiii, uapTm aorja Bflciynaiu Oi.-iLiu ui.irOTOKaHOia 

fi CILltBOK). 

lis TaKTHaa ciocycTtca Taa jio coaia-ituoi CopoTBtiH, a a i ,io Han,ioaa.'iLHo3, 
60 toH ofiopoT, hkhh no,i,ii QpaBHssB na yitpaifli, aarpomye o^aaKOBo i eon,iaaKHHS 
i uauioHaafcHiix 3,;o6yTi;aa yi:paincLKOi peB0.iv>n.i1. " 

llHaKiue Bni-.iHj,aB upocKT pe;jo.Ttou;ii, aanpoiiOHOBainifi .linoio qacnraoB 
3l8Sy. B nboay npoeKTl ue 6y^o i ciioanHy npo HiiofixouicTj, 6oporf»CH 
3a fleuoKpaTiiaaiijio nojiiTn<rao-,T,epaaBHoro .la^y Ha YKpalui, naTOsiicuL 
AOCHTf. Bnpaano roBopiLiocL npo Heofai^BicTi. piinynoi, 6&jKosin>OMicoBoI 

i OETHBHOl MflCOBOl CopOTr.fjH He TIJbKH 3 I't-TJVHailULHHOK), 41K 8 TaKOHJ, 

;ue Bsaraji 3 CBiTOBOK) peah'uieHi i KaiiiTa.iicTU'ino-(5ypa;ya3HJii yCTpoeM 
cycaiibCTBa, 3a jfjooamema B ocraTOiaot nepeisorn coiUfrjiiuMy". OAHOiacno 
pe3o. , Ilo^L}I Bacy^ayBaaa noiiepe,iHio jijaiiitmm, HeHTpa-ibiloro KoriteTy 
uapiil i iiapaaseHTcti.-oi napriilHOl tppaKipI. Oci, 17 met: 



— 22 — 

-1, IV 3'J3j, J'KpamctKo"! JlapTii ConiHjiioTiB-PeBo.iKmioiiepiB KOHCiaTyc, mo 
a iaoy CKTanatoro (III) S'la^y TiapiiS KepjiounB opfaH naprii — HenTpaJiMHu 
Koairei, nap.ifl»eHTci>Ka ^paKit,in la qaeau napril b ypaij — soohhjh 3 Toro maaxy, 
okhR Bnpa3uo njunyaaBCa Ueo.ii.ofniHH»i[, npofpaaoBiiMH 1a TaKTimaaaa nia.Ba.nHiiaaii 
naprii i caaaan ocHoaaim juaKHapoaatoro coniaai3»y, b peayatTari ioro napria 
BCiaHKpoTyBaJa i oCeETiiBno cnpuaaa ycnixy KOHTppeBoaion,il Ha yKpalai, BCTaaoBaeHHio 
■onapiii i 3Ham,eamo Bcir 3j,o6yTKia peBoaxmil ; mo, 3ary(>H8niH aaropiieT y Tpy- 
AOBiii Mac, naptia iriJitoB aiucKpeaaTyBaaa case Ua yspalKCiKOI napril ConjaaicriB- 
PcBoa»nionepiB. 

2. BiiaaaioiH, m;o nosdaBaeae csoii ssoflyTidB Tpy^oBe ceaaHCTBO i pofiir- 
bhutbo yKpalHH b saatminoiy xori penQaton.il iiobhhho rypiyBaiH cboI chjih ajw 
ocTaioiuot nepeaora Has 3anaHyBaanio» peasajeio, i cnosiaaHJiHct, mo peBoaicmiii- 
hhB pyx Ha Bupalai bLogtlch oplaHijoaaBO y BcecBiiaiii peBoa»niuHBH pvx, — 
3"f3i, - 

a) .ii>nwt saBftaaHBH aoaeury aaa peB03K)flifiHO-con,LHaicTO<moi napril wupoKy 
opfanhanifiHo-peBOJfOniaHy poOoiy b aacax, aGa sano(5irTH a.e3opfaai30BaaM BHCTynaa 
HapojEix sac, ocaafiaaiOHflH peao.iiou.iiiHi chih aeaoicparii ; 

d) BacoByu Hanepe^ opfaai3QBaay aKTimny fioporbfiy, 3riiHO TpaiHn,iaM con,ia- 
aiciin-peiiojiofl,iouepiB ; 

b) piaKO Bi^;«ea!OByeTLCH bU coiuaaicTaiaax i HecoHJaricTaiaux cycniatHax 
TeiiM aa yKpalai, aki KOanpoaicoBoio noaiTBKOio saTenmioio-ri, aasjiaHHa KaacoBOi 
Gopoisfia ; 

r) BB&xae, mo uapria aycHTB aenoiHTBo npaayBaiH so KOHC0Jiia.an,ii ecii 
peBoaionifiHo-coiiiaaicTH<iBiii chjt, a6a inasxoa wacoBOl fiopoitfin socarayTH ocTaioraoi 
cepeaom coajaaisay." 

B pe3y,ibTa'd ro.ioeoBaHHH uepma pesoflfoiriji — npaBOro Kpiwa — 
3i6pa.ia OLituiion. ( r \y;Ke HeseJinKy) i, TaKin mhhom, HeitOB 611 .nana nepe- 
Bary Ha 3'l3jjj iipaBiii Teiil. B r io;iaTOK ,no ml oy.TO yxBaaeno 3'iaflOii 
me CTiiyioiy nocTaHOBy b enpasi ycTaHOB<nix 36opifi: 

„IV 3"i3S yKpalnctKOl Ilapril Con,iaaicriB-PeBO.ix>n,ioHepiB KOHCiaTyB, m,o 
cjiiuoKi aapoAOM oupaaoio i aaKOuaoio Baaa,OK> 11a YKpai'Hi e a ,T,anaii aeaT yKpa'i'H- 
chq yi-TaaoBui 3Sopii, i isiunac, mo Haiiu.Taxqaa aasjaaHax Bcki AeaoKparii Ft^alXH, 
b Toay ^ucii i yKpalflCLKOl naprii Con,ia^iicriB-PeBOJnon,ioHepiB t « piniy^a CoppTtGa 
3a cKTHKauaa b HafldjHaiiojiy qaci yKpa'iKCtKHi ycTauoB'iui 3(5opiB.*) 

TasiDi hiihom, hcmob (JH Gyjio o6iii^eiio rocipe mtTaiiMfi pocKoay 
napril. <!)j,Haie TexHiiiHa cnpana, nepese^ena HanpmciHui B'ibjom, a came 
Biioopn HOBoro c(aa\v HeHrpa.Ti.Horo KomTeTy IlapTii flOBepiuiun 
pocKO-i mipTil. 3 lipniiiH HeuocTiiraocTH cEia^y 3'i3^y (mo BmcjiiiKajTocii 
laagcma yMosanni KOHCJiipan;iI). b cKia^ hoboto HeHTpa-TtHoro KoMiieTy 
(JF. K b a .1 i b, 3 a ,t n b 1 11 ii, M h x a it ;i 11 1 e h k 0, Ji a m k e b h y, IT p n- 



*) IhiTaaaa upo BuaomenHH 3'l3fly jo po6oTH U,ciiTpa.ii,iioro Koaiieiy Ilaptii 
i nap-iaaeHTciiKoi ijipaKni'i aociajiocL o^xpuTaa, nosaaE ai o,i,:ia 3 iijicA-'ioxeHHX 
y"i3j.oni pc30jnoqiu He aiupaaa uiatmocra laaociB. Tas caao 3a.n1uiH.T0ct o^Kpnmx 
i nBTannaa npo pesiaiw aeiejitaoro npofpany uapril. .SanponoHoaaHa b tob. 21 u 
pesgjijonia b u,itt cnpaBi BHKiiHKajia naaKi i aosri aedaTD, 11 pesyjibxaii hkhx, o^aa^e, 
CLTtiaicTi 3'la^y, npa roaocoBaraio peaoaionil, yTpnaa-iaci sis roaocoBaaaa, lepea 
mo pe3o.non,ia o^naaa. Oct 3mLct II : nCiowia aa ocHoaax eoi;iaaiaaa,iI 3eaai, aK 
hu npofpaai-niaxiimim b aeacax Sypatyasaoro aaay, 3'i3j, BB3Hae, mo b janaH BeHT, 
xk npolpaa-minimuin. iiOBiinaa 6y™ npoBesena iaaa pe^opaa : aeuaa, asa ftoci 
saaxoiHaaet b bo.iojuhhio iipaBaTHitx BJiacHHKiB, jo iieuiini Hopaa ociacnca b ,ho- 
ajHBOTHJM i cnaanyiHaiM BoaoijaHjo i BiifiaaeTtca 3 TOBapooCaiay. Seaejuari yqacTKH, 
mo nepesHmyfoTt n,» nopay, cfaa^aiort yKpamctKBtt 3eMeatHafi 4>oafl, no^ia aKoro 
aia: tumb, xto xo?e o6po6aaTH aeaaio aaacHoio npan,eio, Bi^fiyBaeTica npa peiyaan^il 
flepataBH," 



23 — 



uy.-io 









XOJI.KO, HI par i KaHjnsaTn: Kop;i;, Me'ie.ii.) uy.io oopaao Mafa;e / 
BitKTK)-rao npejCTaBttHKiB .™oro Kpn.ia naprii. 

CKopBCTyBaBiiracr. una, .lifia Tenia (noBOofipaBJiii D,eHTpa.ibHHii Knurrer ' 
Jlaprii) poenycmia (?epea i.i.n.Ka TnasiB) Bci so tofo uacy icTBysaBiui opfairi- ■ / l 
eaio! napriC uepeseja Hapri» Ha Heaei'ajiBHe cTaHOBnme i msexa E poooTyi/*'/ 
b Hanpfflii CBoro CBiToraasy i CBOix nepejcoHafli., ii'HopyBaBuiH, m (popmavibHy 
yxBa.iy IV B'feay naprii, Tan i Bsanui nor.iasn npaBoi. 'in iivuTpajibHoI, 
mk Boka ce6e iii3Hijn,e Ha3Ba.ia, tchu naprii. Cbob po3yiri.HHH cyracaow 
»o«eHTy i TaKTHKy naprii iris iy xbhjiio .iiBa Tenia (D,eHTpajn>HnH Kom- 
TeT Ilapril) <J)op«y.iyBaia b Tan 3BaHiii „II.iaT<popai H,euTpa.ibHoro 
KoiriTeTy YKpalHCbKof ITapTii Co^.iiciiB-PeBo.™u,ioHepiB u , Ha HKifi m 
CfflBJOWCb iriairime. B opr'ani naprii nBopoTtCa" (mo nonas ^ biixosiith 
Hejier'ajrbHO, sk TiisHeBifK, aanicnj. mo-serao! iiapTiiiHOi totem B Be»XMS<5a u , 
aaicpHTOi .reTbMaHHjran) ijeHTpaibimii Kwrism uoBiB o.i.Bfjvry oopOTbSy 
npOTH iipaaoi Te*ril, ins ospiayBaB BCJffii mjaxn ,t,o aoposyMfcra Mix 
jIboki i npaBOio Teiieto uapTii. f 

BHKiiflyTa ipaKTnnHO a psWB naprii, npasa tew IT DpireTymija 
(b sopOTidst qaci no 3"'ru) so opfam8airii cboIs cji.i b <j>opiri OKpexot Jlpv.- ■ 
TpoibHOi $pararil YspaSssmA naprii (^ia.rieriB-PeBO.iioinoHepiB% aKa, 30- I 
CTamnca b aoiri naprii, osnaie M&ia TBOpiiTii a opfaHisanjiraoro 6okv ospevy 
uLrica — a CKOiM n;eHTpa. 7 ibHHM aapajOM, He mjfiHraro'nni oopanoMy Ha IV 3'Is;u 
naprii B,eHTpa.TbHOMy KoiriTeiOBi. B ciaas „TnMHacoEoro Qp^aHiBauJHHoro / 
KoiriTeTy •PpaKiui* Bnii1ia.ni — M. Illpar (111,0 bhubiob ai ciuasy Heffrp. 
Kom.), M. He 1 e z b, M. C a a t a h, I. .1 h a a h i b e 1, k ji fi, Bo.i. 3 a.T i 3 h a k, 
B. TojiyfioBHH, K). OxpiiOBHi. 

KoniTeT n,en BH^aB so napriioinx opi'aHwairiii i Baa ran i Bcix n.ieiriB 
uapril cbok> seK.iHpau,iio-noBiji,oitieHH)r, b amii BH-ioacHB npHHiriiioBO-iseb.TbO- 
rtrari i TaKTiiHHi pocxosseHHa si-K o6ojta Tenia.™ b napTii i aaaraKaB 
<uemB naprii roTyBaTHCH so cai^'Hraoro napTiitaoro 3"i3sy, hkhI keb poa- 
BH3aTii cupasy pocKo.iy napTii, 

B IIoa,i'i ociaanix nicauis 3 uamoro napTifmoro atHEta, — micas Tun Ops. 
KoKiieT Ilemp. $paKnil yilCP b cboiS aeB-ispaiin, — a'oKpena toe pesyawaT, 
HKiia 3aKiH'iEBca IV IlapiiuBuii 3"i3,n, mo Bi^GyBca b Ku'Ibi b ,yii 13. — 1G. TpaBHH, 
uoi.-TaDii.iii napiiio b CKpyrue ctaKOBiime. Bnimi 3 hloi'o <n»:uii 6jM0, iUbku uxhubiu 
na,T,3BH'iaiiii>ra 3aroaiB, urd ne BKaa^aioTtcH b pnniu HopMajiuoro napTiaaoro -.rnnta 
i Bopiajiuiol (iopoTi>6i! ayitOK b Mescax napiii. 

Hut HasasiiMaiiuiix CBOCotiis aaymeua oyna xobbtbch 'jnctiiua uapTiuHoro 
l1*>J, imeHem skoI «u Macao ^ecti naHi roBopBTH, a case, n;a lacTBHa a'wjjy no- 
ciauoBHja, s orjiaiy na yiBopeae ciauoBiime, BBjiauTiica b ospeay ^paKniio, aKa, 
3ociaKi>raca b aoni naprii Ta niftaaraioin nocTaHOBaii lrapTiiiHiii 3'i3jiB, paaon 3 thm 
s <5oKy oplanisaniiisoro TBopuw. OKpeay n,LaicTt, «ae CfliS ueBTpajtuau :iapna i ho 
niftMrae o6paaoify na IV naprifiHoay tfupi UcHrpajiiHoiiy KoaireioBi. U,n fpaElria 
nocTaaoBBjra na3HBaTHca nUeBTpajiiHOK) |>paKuieio yilCP" i Bu6paja u ocoCi bum:i«- 
DijimcaHiii THBiacoBflil OpfaBiaaniaHHif Koaiiei ipaKnii. 

IU,o6 sk ciij 3posy*iTH ne (same nociynoBaHHs), ipeGa neper.ianvTH kopotko 
iciopLio BayTpiniBii BanocHn y iiaiuiii naprii npoTaroa ocraHHtoro poKy". Ha Biflo*o, 
b napiii 3jaflaa iCTHyaajia terns, ana npHfipaja cofii na3By :,iHTepHan;ioHajiicTiB a ; 
na3UBajiaci, soaa taKoiK npocTO i „aiBofiepeacHHKaMa u . Eyaa'ije nesejiaisa lpyna, 
no aa-ia csol onopai toikh tojiobho b ae-aitBi aicitai HoaTasiHHHii i upiacTH 
XaptKiBm,HBa. ^ Iaieoatofia nicl rpyna a Caraio ae-ioity piaBESaca i ijisbbtlch aij 
ochobboI napiifiHO'l iieojiorii. Ilepe^OBcia v BiftnouienHio 3,0 i^ei ^pxauti. Kojh 
CimntiCTi napTii BH3naBa.ia i aaaHae Hau,ioHaju,ne BnaBo.ieHBH yKpaiHCLKoro napoTj- 



— 24 — 



ouaxoa CTEiipeaHa Hesaiesso] yKpa'iHCtKoS .nepacaBa — aa aeaaiiyquH craa i 3a 

KOHeiBy nepeayaoBy ycuimaocTH fioro 6opou.<5a sa cboc DO.iimiiie i con,iajitne 
iiiuiio.icHB.'i, to ara^aaa fpyna aerKoaasHaa Han,ioaajibBo-,nepacaBBBS aoaeHT, ctaBaaiHcb 
&o iie'i vKpaTflCbKOi sep!KaBHOCTH MeHine-Ciaibnie taK, an cTaaaaacg i CTaMaTtca 
,(n iAe'i yBpaincLitol hc (a ae pociflcbKo'i) jyipjKaBHocTB: pociBcLsi coniairicTH-peBOJio- 
ilioacpu 0605 ijipaKHtrt. He iiepma aapajiuajbaa piiEHllna. 

^pyroio 6yaa piatBHUa b paayaiaare mbto^jb KaacoBOi i Baaraai aacoaol 
fiopoTiGB. A caie, kojih Ci.itDiicrt napriT BB3Haaaaa ocbobhoh) aeTOfloio nojimmnv 
i iipo^eciifHy opfaHi3an,ilo Mac, BHioaaiiirn 11 i opraai30Baay dopoibdy aac, poa- 
paxoBany Ha jtOBumii nepio^, i to bb aa iaca niiuiec enaii peBo.iJonJHHoro pyxy, Tai; 
i 11a <iacii Bo'ro iiijynaaj, ara&aaa fpyaa aeabaiy yoary 3aepTaaa Ha opiaaaiay 
poCory cepes Mac i naara-ii aeamie iHcanaaesi 3 ii,bmh aaeaaa, liasawtH bhkjiiohbc 
aHa'iiBBa TaKTHiu peBOflioniHHO-noBCTaHCtKiii. Kojih uiyKatn anaaiofiH, to flubaricTb 
iiapTil 11 ni« nyiiKTi nadaniKaaaca jo hosbbji, Ha asia ctoIti eBpooeacbSflfl conja- 
aiaa, a 3ia^aHa fpyna CTOiua jjskc (taiisuco ,t.o iioaHui'i, any 3aaaau b aja caaia 
hhtuhhhi pociiioi.Kini 6o.iiiueBH3a. B B3BH3Ky 3 b,bm uh fpyua uasisHaa Tasoac BeaaKy 
aexmb jo bchkoI iipofpaaH-mininmm, b tom* yac kobh eaeaoiiTa, aid uhbi 
cFja-iaioTj. Henipajiiny $paKH,iio yjspatnciKoi Jtapiii CoH.-PeBO.iiou.ioHepiB, ace 
iToa.-iu aa Tift rcmn.i noraajy, m.o upofpaaoBi nociyjtaTH napii'i Tpefia 3iijficHK>BaTB, 
hi; auaxoa peBoaioniBHOl OopoTbGn, raK i niasxoa opfaHHiBO'i eao.TKiniSaoi poGoTH, 
a oraaiy aa no npo/paaa-minimum i nocTeHeHHicTt b ocarHeHHio nporpaaoBHi 
aoaaraat aoscin ne aoxcyTb 3 uapriHuoro CTaHOBama BBaKataca 3a biikjkihchL H,e 
I'V.IB i'l C OCBOBHi pia.'Hjm.i. 

Tak-p cTaiiOBiinie bsc a.aBH0 noipidysajo pajnaaamoro iioaaroaseaua, aae 
ae fiyjin aoiKMBocTH Te apooHTH ^0 aapiiiiHoro s'lajy. Ha aiaat, i a"i3,t ne no.ia- 
ro;ina cnpaBii. BijuysawjH cboI napajpi b Ha^aBHiafino lienopaajbBux yaosax, a»i 
ahum:.™ aaiMUKna ocraHiiii nojitt 1 npn iiKiu uaraici aeacraiiB ne momo lrpocro 
ironacm ua :('i3j. sin posflaBca Ha ,t,b5 aaiin;o ojiHaKoiii uenoo, m.o Be hook 
"aaaSTa ai;K coCofo cii)ji.H0i aoBii. I ici b nai"iua;j;iiiin,iix cupaBax — a cnpaBi 
oiiibkh MoaeHiy i tuktsikii aa fiyaj^ie — 3*1sa cias Ha noaimuo tui eaeaeHTiB, aai 
Tenep sayracai OyJiii ni^OKpeMHTMCb b itCHTpajiay ^paaitiio, irpoie, 3 orjwity Ha ciaa 
ihtko! pinnoBam, b naoay a"ia,T, aect 'iac aepeoyaaB. cTaaocn npu BaCopax HeH- 
TpajibBOio KoaiTeTy TaK, m<> nj e.ieaeiiTii 11 Hosoay II,cHTp. KoaixeTi aaiiace He 
.i.ii-ia.111 iipe^cTaBaariTna. 

l\v. UCTaHHC CTIHipiI.lt) ,I,.1H liapTJ 1 I'eailll 3f i,"(,l|f CTaHnlllimr. Aflo HOBO BHOpaiiHK 

Ueurp, Koa. cioie ihcjihthcb j nocTaaOBOio 3'Ijiy — i n Taaia pa»t 6yae 3acyaace- 
HBii Ha ueitiUHj&aicTf., Co ae aanaic hcctii ]io(!otu npOTii Bjacaax nor-isjiB, aCo Bin 
nocTapaetaCH n;io iiocraaoBy oflifiTJi a roil mh hhbihh ciiocifi — i tow no.iiiiiKa 
uapTii 6yj,c aaapaajiHTUca Bcynepe>! piuieaaaa napiiiiaoro 3*Jajiy. 

Oia:e noipeda, a OAHoro CoKy — CTBopaiu opfauiaoiiaiiiiii ueaTp a-ia 10I 
mucthhh napTti, aaa ac aoa;e hoaubth noaanii TenepimBtoro Ucatpajitaoro KoaiTen, 
a 3 apyroro Q ot .y — noTpeoa bmbcbhth, irapeiitTi, na iiauia uapria aae b cboSh 
K.iscoBifi CopoTtdi aacBoiTH co<5i scto^h eitpoaeaciKOro con,iajii3ay, qa una noaioa 
pocificbKoro aaapxH^aoro OyuTapcTBa — ni npnqiiHii cnouyKaju nac ^o oapeaoS 
opfaai8aH,i"i b aeacax tiapTt'i. 

Ma ho eyaaisaeaoea, no nefi (paRBJlHBB iro,i,i.t TpHBaTKae liatKii 3,0 Haii- 
(uu:i:iiorfi iiapTifiuoro 3'l3iy, bkhS cruepjHTi. apaBiiabHlcTi. namo! no3Bi(ii, 60 aa 
uepenoHaai, ra,o fliaimicTi. napril aa Hiaa. Ajio ntod n,eii a"i3^., Hapeniii, possaaaB 
cnpaBV, Tpeua ,no Hboro ni^roTyBaTirca i ueiiuo i opfauiaauiaHo." 

Ilicia nici aeKJiapanii pocKOJi YIICP oran ^ouepiueHiui ipaKTO*. 
! l,('MTpa.ikunJi Komitbt Ilapfii, poarjuiHyBiuH msxfyWfn n^eirrpiLiLHOi 
4»paKnir, piano ocy^HB II i yxBa.niB: „1. BsaiKaTit yTBopeimji HeHTpa.iKHoi 
4>paKa,ii iie^oiiyuTiiiniM. i 2. SaGoponirrii H-ienai napTif 6paTii sKy-6jAb 
yHUcn. b u iiat'HOBaniuo, iik b nenxpi. TaK i na jricu.ax.'" ^aaiciy. o,poF 
uapTii, CTaio SBTH ,ini OBpCB caMOCTiiiiri uapTii _v(rpai'nc.i,Kiix con,ia,iic™- 
peBOM>ipoHepi8. 






— 25 — 

KopOTKO Hepeiiirahi'lH Ti pOCXO^lKeHHH, KKi TSK HIlpa3H0 BIlilBliJIHCa 

b jm nepeBopoTy b pflflai yi.-paiHCbKor AemoKpaTii i am KiumoTb cbitjio, 
hk nil upofiAeHHfi »a;e yKpaincbKOio fteMOKparieK) npon.ec BHyTpinrabQi 
,(,i(j»epeBn;iani'i, TaK i Ha ^azibuii orann n,bOro nponecy, mh uoBHHHi ssum- 
■uith, mo, ojho/^iiiho OHJawKMH reTbutaHCbKim uepeBopoT, an aasax pe;u;- 
uiiraoi inTepHan,ioHajibHoI GypjKyaaii Ha yKpalncbKy peBO-uonjio, cnktHo 
KiiKii,naio'iH ratJio 0opoTi.6n b i erbManmiiHOio, yKpainctKa r i,eMOKpaTifl r toh 
se mic piSHO on.iHioBa.ia cwyaipio naanui i ne o;yniKOBo (jiopnyjipa-ia 
.;;n!.i.:i.iif[:i upagtOKnEX Mac b fcuixmii peBO-itoniihrifi 6opOTb6i. B toh lac, 
:ii: lipase, iionipKOBaHe KpHJio ,T,eMOKpaTii CTaBiuio cboim aaB^aHHHM Beia- 
HOBJieHHH, qn BJiacne pecTaspau;iio mora noB;wieHHH reibManJUHHii. Hapo,HHi>oi 
f'eciiyCjiHKn 3 thm conjajrbuo-eKOHOMH'iHiiM sjoctom, hkiih Boaa lasa iipn 
Hempa-ibmi! Paji, ih, HaBiTb, a 6Lu.ni ByabKioi, oCaeseHHJi, jriaa 'lamina 
ituhii.ki Jtiiuii ni.ii. Jlhax, iipoifoeHiin H,eHTpa.ibiioio Pa^oio, Bona Raarajii 
BBaa:ajia nepeaaiTHM. OeHOBHy .'liHuo no.iiTiiKn L^eHrpajibHOi Pajjn, poapa- 
xoBany na cinBpoCiTHimTBO Bcix — ne tuu»eh aentoKpaTiraiix, aae ii 
^pi6ao6ypa:yaaHiix i*pyn, BOHa sacy/ja^Ba^a i npOTHnocrasKJia irjii nojii- 
Tiinj HeooxLyricTi. GeaKOMHpOMicoBOi kvmcoboI HOjirrnKii. ."Iina HaciHua ;iy- 
MOKpaTif, nepeihfflTa uoiyTTaa inrepHanionajibHOi cojii^apuocTii Bpaajsrax 
«ac, 6a i ioa b jTcpaiHCbKiil peBo.iion;ir Heno,T,ijibHy, oma^oBy 'lictiihv B*yini;oF 
BcecBiTHBOi CopoTbOn npan£oio™x, BH3BCKyBaHKE iac 3a ijeaaH conjsjriaiy. 
3 n,id toi™ nor.<ni;iy. Bona Biroasaja b yKpalncbKiii peBOiiionil nepesary 
MOKeiiTOBi KjiHCOBOHy, coiyaabHO-eKOHOMHTOOMy, ua,i, momchtom HanioHajir.HO- 
uOJUTiraiiM i CTasniia conjaJibHO-eKOHOiini'iHiiH aiicT yKpai'raxKoi ^epa;an- 
hocth, n;o fiy r iyBa.iacb b peBO.inon,u, b aajeaoricTi, iuo>kh bU o,t,HOi yMOBir 

— jcuixiB Mia;napo^HbOl CopoTbtfii iipan,R)io'nix sa sobs, coojsxivmBB 
i-ycniibCTRO. 8Bifl;CH liini.inBiaa ii u TaKMica: iriaitHX KOJiuporndB 3 rcTi,- 
MaHiHHHOfo : 3<5epea:eHHJi y Bciii hhctotI npininiiiiB KjIbcoboI oopoTr,6n ; 
BHEpHBSBES i;.i!K'OJiiix cynepe'inocTeii US npaii,H)>niJiii i n)l;*nr],T[t;i>ianii 
i niflroTOBKa piiuynol 6opoTb<5n a dypacyaaieio. 

JlnaKiny. as mh foi'iiun, TaKTHKy ffiuriiaaa npasa sacnrHa. Boaa 
craBifjra cboIm aaB^auHaM Hepe^osciM aoepexeHBH yKpaincbKoi ^epaaBHOtTii 
i BBaxa-ia Jioaviranm bxoj,hth, b n,ifi n,i:ii, b cniBpofliTimnTBO a yiipaBicbKom 
jpidnoio 6ypacyaai(;H> i, HaBixb, b j,e-HKi iiepTpaicraipr 3 reTbHancbKHHi! 
ypHAOBHMH ojjepaani, BoHa, paxyrow, mo peiscimniii cnifini.mci. na ;^Biniiit 
iac, BBasan^Df, lwaraii. mo yKpaJHCLKa peBOJuonja ne najia, b uepefi^erarH 
KKo, aepioj BHyrpiuiHix cn.i i iiipiiinomtx oCckthbhhx yMOB hh nepeBe^eHnsr 
b JKiiTTa i aaKpiu-TeHHfl nocTaB-ieniix b u npon,eci conjajibiio-eKOHoaniHiix 
:;n;iaHb, — BBjptnaxa Ha iiepuiml h.ihh opi'aHisaiqnHO-ocBiaoM.iroiOHy, 
Ky.iBTypHO-npocBiTHj r poooTy b Bacax, ojcOByroqn afipofbie noBCTaHHH Ha 
AOBuiHH «iac i Baanui npiaHJiflKiHiicb oi.ii.uje JO HeTOflJB CoporbOH „espo- 
ireScbKoro con;ia.ii3«y u , inji; hum posyHLTOCb BijuaHHa nepeBarn nap.iHst'ii- 
Tapno-eaojiioDJfiHHH (JjopaaM SopoTbOii Haj peBOJJOniiHO-noBCTOTCBKHBH (2). 

Ta, ne BBaxaioiH Ha Bci ni pocxo^aieHHa, bch ^eMOKpariH — i .me 
1 lipase Kpoo n — KOHEperao cTOa^a nepefl o^ipiiM i cnubiiiiH saB^aHHHK 

— uoBajieHHHM reTbMaHmnim.*) 

) BKajKeio ryt me isa Bi^HomeHBH yKpaiHciKM KoonepaTimuni soa 3,0 nejie- 
J0[J0T_y ; -jaijiiKcoBaHO boho b „3auHcn;i Hempa-niiroi yKpalHCMtHi KoonepatHBUHi 



— 26 — 
3. Ho()He CBHTO : ryMHHH nOXOpOH peBOAH>U,ii i BCTaHOBJieHHSl AHKTaTypH 

6ypmya3h' ( : S'i';i,i „k a ;i, e tm b" i ..iipo*roiJ)icoBiuB"). 3axoiuiBinH ,nep- 
ataBHy h.ihiv b cboi p.vkh, oypacyaaia YKpalHH nocniiuaiia bU6jtk KMtKa 
cboix bIbjqb, mo aaait ypotncTO ojcBHTKyBaTH noxopoH peBo;uon;ii ft HaMiTimc 
3ara.itHnfi Haiipjii* i iiepiui npaKTirai KpoKn iT KjraeoBOi noaJTHKH b tdoxh 
He3Bimiranx jsfiS Hei yxoBax, b yKpaiHctKift flepsaBi. IIoiaTOK b n,ix r&- 
npnMKV 6yjio apoCieHO „cuijno i poaynox" poeincbKoI ixnepiHuicTErooI 
6yparviwii — iiapTieto HapcuHOi CBOfioaif, aGo tbk SBaHm Kaji;eTiB,*) mo 
BnepTo i aaB3HTo Oopo.inci, Becb iac peBOJuou^I npora ijei He to m,o 
,lt'p;KaBHoi HesajieaviiocTii YKpaiHH, ajie HaBiTb iipoTH aBTOHoinil ii, a Tenep, 
s MH.iocra mxeubKiix I'eHepajfiB, 6yjni oaxoro aumlhoio i bhjihboboh) laerH- 
hoki reTtMaHctKoro npaBHTe;u.CTBa „caniocTinHOP' YKpaiHH. UI,o6 He ncyBara 
cBATO'iHoro HacTpoio, sa^etai b nepiuy "repry ipefia Cy.TO noxHpHTit u,e 
CBoe .(CaxocTiHiumTBo" 3 3arajibHOiQ yKparno(Jio6cbKOH) ncuiiTiiKOio nap-ril. 
He h apo6HB, He 6es ycnixy, Ka^eTCbKHfi (KpaeBiiii) a'I;t;i, mo BJ^yBCS 
y Kami 8. — 11. TpaBHH, ups &3H3nrifi yyac™ reTLMaHCtKHX MiHicTpiB, 
•neHiB napril — BacnjeHKa, TyTHiKa i PaseiteubKoro. 

HaupaxoK, b AKOiy Majia BiAoyracb 7 ,po3BH3Ka" HociaBJieHoro nn- 
TaHHH, HaadTHB b CBoffi BCTynmii npoMOBi, BiAKpEBarora aTajj, roaoBa 
KHlBctKOro KpaeBoro KOMrreTy k.-ji;, napra rpnropoBHi-BapctKnfi, 
aaaBHEiun, mo ..Hafonmi iHrepecn Kpaio iipuxyHiyioTt Hae npncTOcpaTHCb 
(^ipncnoco()HTbca i ) ,t;o hobhx (pops ^epJEaBHoro skhtth Ta bjoith b hex 
mm ■ 11 yxiCT". 3'iiu hmkoi nojtijiHB njo TaKTincy „npHcnoco6jieHifl". Honepe^ 
BCbOro 6yjio yxBajieHO, 3 onijqy „Ha HexoauHBicTb araaKy 3 IJeHTpanbHnir 
KonrixeTOM uapTii b PodI i HeoSxijiay noTpeoy Kepymioro napTiftHoro 
1 ipi'aiiy Ha yKpalHi , aaKjacTK oiepexy „BpexeHHy" naprifiHy opfaHiaaniio 
na yKpalni, naflBnra,ojo ynpaBoio hko! xas 6yrH „;n;e.iiei'aTCbKHH 3T33 nap- 



ycTauoE au HimentKoro fi aBCTpiilcEKoro iiocaiB n Kauri". Tocipo npoieciyioiH 
irpOTH yqacTK HisnJB b nepeBOpori, iiiaKpecaiiBimi, mo BManoBaeHHH reTiJiajmniHiJ 
iiBjaenca rpyGmt BaeH.uoTBOM naj Boaeio j'Kpa'incLKoro Hapojiy, yKpa'incLKi Koonepa- 
Topa nncaaH b n;iil 3anHcn,i aaai : „Hcho nepeji,fiaiaKHH cipamm nepcneKiHBH, aid 
Haarce naM apofijenuil no^itniBDH nppeBopor, hu BOOitepaTopu, ani aanatan cBi^ono 
CToa.111 ociopoui ox no.iitHKii, d }> u ii }' ni e b i sacTeperTH UpejlCiaBHHKiB 
HeHTpaaBHHX A^pm*! 1 , mo nefl nepeBopoi 3arpoacye HafirocTpiBtoio anap- 
xiew b namoBiy Kpaio, aKa, deaynoBHO, ftOBe^e no iiobhoI eKOHOin^Hoi pyiBB i KUien,t- 
KiHuea a° roaoay. 

EoonepaB;ia, nsa Opaaa naiij,iajU.Hiiny ytacTB b SyayBaHBio eKonoMHiaoro 
■,khtt3, BBaacaniu na BiiinecKa3ano, ipnxymeua t e n e p, OKpii 3iciep«- 
at c e i, npHHecTH i CBifi npoieci npoTH nepeBOpoiy, jpo- 
ujieaoro aa yKpalsi, i TBepxo CKa3aTH, jb,o n;e nopymye iHTepeca i uamoi 
.Hepacasu i nepataa HiaeB>KHi, m,o b canHfi fijHSbKafi ^ a c, HaseBHo, acno ciaap 
bbjho, aae ioro nonpasniu He BsacTics." (,,KoonepaTHBna 3opa", No. 5 ; 
15. TpaBHH, 1918. Khib). 

Taraiir ibhom, npoiH retEaaHnumH aaJipoTecTysaao Bee, m;o 6yao io^ ipoiH 
AeJCOKpaTHimoro b yspatacBKOBy cycniaicTBi. Oftai tiumk ciiiciKi KypKyai — „iiii6o- 
po6H-a««OKpaTn", nia npOBo^on yKpalncBKHi i HeyKpalHcisax noMinpKia, Haaaraajica 
iipuMaaaTaei X" hobo! Bjia^H, flpaTaioiHCB a feHepajioK CKoponaffciKH*. 

*) PociftctKa n IIapTia Hapoj^Hofi CaoOoati" Hffaiane HaaHsaetLca napiiajo 

KoncTinyniBno-seaoKparHiKOio = b.-k. = n ita3;eTH B . 



— 27 — 

ril K.-3;- Ha yKpiii'Hi" ta. iloro „ro.ioBHHfl KoNrarr". *) ^a.1'1 posBflBaxx 
KapjpuiaJibHe nirranHH npo Bia,HomeKHJi napTii ao „npo&ieiiH u reThitiaH- 
cbKOi BJia^H. ^OEJia^inx no nbony niiTairaio, n. KpyiiHOB, noxBajiim- 
HiiicL thm, mo Kaflera Be;ni nepe,n nnM GopoTtCy irpOTH „:snmHiiqen;<>iu 
HacnabCTBeBBofi, pa3pyiiniTejLbH0H u BJajpi L|eHTpajbHOi Pa^H, aobo,i,hu 
,i,;ui 3 aaxonjieHHSJi HeoCxuHicTt camol ,aJHJtHOl ynacra napril b reTb- 
saHCtKOMy npaBHTeibCTBi. 3'i3« BiTan »y«poro j,Ofc.Taj;HHKa. TLibkh ae- 
siri npoMOBn;! (a Cuibiu nalBHHx) BHc;ioB;iK>Baaii upn n,bOMy no6o»BaHHa, 
mo napiifl Ra^eris, BCTynHBiun jio B-iajyi, „ei;piniiTb vKpaiHCbicy Moaapxiio 
i thm caj»KM yTpyflpnTL noBCTaHHH :(ar.i.7i.nopou.ii"icLKoI MoaapxiP (Jle- 
BimbKHif, BcjjHMOBCbKiijt, lBaHHn,i>KHn) i BiiepTo gosaisxHca 
bu HHuiHx HJieHiB els^y I'apaHrifi, mo iaK He cTaaeTbCH. mo pooora i;:i- 
,i,eTLB b reTbMaHCbKomy iipaBHTejbCTBi ni.v ne Ha CKpinaeHHa yKpamebicor 
^epsaBHOCTH, a Ha BiflCy^oBy ^e^nflol neno^jbHOi Pocil." BejniHeaiioio 
6LTBniiCTM roaociB (aa — 70 roaociB, npora — 13) 8'Ib;j BiipiuiiiB 11 U- 
rpimaTfl reTbMancbKe npaBffrejibCTBO i bsjith b Hboiuy an Haii6.Tna; i ry i an- 
THBnimy yiaciB. Peaojuoiya 3'i"3^y no nnTaiano npo „npoG.icNy BJia.aji'' 
3By^ajia Taic: 

„BacjryiaBiiiu pe^epaT KHiBctftoro KpaeBoro KOHweiy npo opfairban,bo Rapa;aB- 
Bo'i BaaciH, neaefaTCiKHii a'lai,, iimaioiaci lipRKi i h e a ji a k napiii 
ts II n p ( p a » y, nepej norpoaoio HeCesnesi KoaeBOJieana 
i 3 a f a 6" e a i ipaio b i a a a a p 1 i I i a p y I a n ipisnae neodxianui" 
yiaciB napTii b aepajasHifi poCoii i BBaasae mokiubhi! nepcOHaitne 
sciynaeima cBofx ^.neniB y Hoae npaBHicjiiciBO." 

TaK o6ilaeHO 6yjro „ni3;Bo;jHHH KamHt' 1 i poaBSsaao pyKii <Lieimx 
napiii, sm 3 arafloGoro naKHHyjiHCb Ha Baajiy, ne iinKajoracb HaBiTt ya- 
KEmJB b cHunaTinx flo yKpamcbKOi nepacaBHOl caHOCTifiHocTn. Ilorpoaa 
^aHapxii'', mo BHaBiuiact 6*yaa b qaci peBo.™n,iI b K0H<J>icKai4l ce.iaHCTsoa 
nojumuHLKHx MaentiB Td b npoeKTax po6iTHH^oi KOHTpoai aafl (jiadpirfflo- 
aaBo^ciiKOio HpoaacaoBicTK), «a,a;o6a Jiacoro amna, kjhcobi eEOHOMH-mi, 
iuKypm iHTepecH ctoroj^iuiraboro ^hh Morjin onpaBAaTn b oiax 6y\r&yaaii 
6aran,tKo jje-ioro, a b Tony iHcji i „npHcnoco6.iieHie u 3,0 yKpaiHCbKoi ,nep- 
xaBHOCTH, Tin Ciatnie, mo aajimiiajiacb Ha,-pn ffiiilTii vepes ^npncnocodtenii' 
^0 Bi^6yji,oBii BejiHKOi Heno.'pjibHoi MOHapxiiHHoI Pocii. A moo" Tifi Ha^ii 
o^pasy ac Ha^aTH pea.itHirx (popi, KafleTctKiifl s'ls^ nocTaaoBHB (oaho- 
ro.iocHo) „yBasa?H HeofixijtHHM Hera ft ho HasaTH hockob- 
CbKiil mobi ( n pyccK0ny H3biKy u ) npaBa mobii jepacaBHOt, Ha- 
piBHi 3 yKpalHCbKOK", Hanepea; sHaioin, mo thkb n ypiBHaHHa u 
«box mob <J>aKTinfflO hjjikom ycyne yKpamCbKy mobv 3 ycix ,T,epJKaBHnx 
ycTaHOB, ooca^KeHHx pociiicLKoio GiopoKpaTiero ia 6ypa:ya3icH). 



*) It KeGaTax Haj; hh« HHTaBHSM 6yim Biiro.ionieHi ityaie xapaKiepHi ,um 
KaseriB npoMOBH. TaK n. I b a h i it k i H (b XaptKOBa), ntiEpecJirorowii „upe«eHHhifl 
lapaxTepi* 1 aBTOHOMHoS opfaHi3an,i'i napTi'i na yKpami, cicasae, xm ramus : nKpoM-fc 
toro, a coficTBenHO He aaam, mo noHEMaw noa TepaHHOM ,yKpaKaa'. He 3Ha», 
to sto Teiiept, He BHaio, Roaro jih npHxeica nam HBiii. fffcio c% aTHit HaaBajrieK'B'j 
Hkuhcl naa TopniKOB BHcaoBmoaaB cbog MesaaoBoaeHHH n MOBa B BpeMHmiR^ 
'■ inionoayBaB acKpajsinie 3a3ira'iiiTii, mo OKpeaa napriSHa opteHisanis aa yKpaxai 
aaKJiaflacnca TiatKa „Bnpej;B ao ycTaaoBaeHis CBH3H ci ocTa.-ifcBoB*Poecien a . Q?fl&<ie 
uwbm po3ymti i „npaKTHim* Ktuera aanHTBKjBaJiH TaKBX HajTO HaiBHHi npoaoBttiB, 
■no He icnii Oflpauy afiarnyTH Bciel npHHaan i apyiHocra rt npHcnoco6jieHia u . 






— 28 — 



;ia.T]iiua.iocb OTHce tL&KH naniTiirii aaraabHHH HanpflM iioji Itiikii rett- 
jiaiiCKKoro j'P»;iy. Ta tJt He aoBojju.TOCh poaBOjymici, ,T,OBro. PoayiiioiH 
.loope, mo iioji itdkb i eKOHOMHKa iiBJiaioTbCii b cj'th pi to o;i,hhm nepos- 
piiBHiis nponecoj i mo xia yi-iiiumoro posBBisy iioro, b iHTepecax oyp- 
syaatt, flsxsex&cs Heooxi;yfflM CKynieHHfl b pyiaix dypxyaail He tlblkh 
HaTepia-itmix (JamCTB, KaumuiB, ate fi Beiei noBHOTH nojiiTUHUor Baajui 
r ^epa^Bi, KafleTii i satutawtH ijg b cboix peao.iiouuix. „B ocHOBy i.ii,- 
BOB-ieHHa apyiiHOBaHoro rocno^apcbKO-eEOMOMH^Horo aciiTTJi Ha yKpai'ni" 
— inTacxo b nocTaHOBax k.-t,. a'lajry — noBBHua (SyTii noRaa/jcna no- 
nt/pt* r l Bd.oro ..Tnc]iia a^miiiiuTpaTHBHa R3BOT&". IJ,e — rojiOBHe. A ;i.;i.ii 
ilni.iH iioj.poOjml, iu,o .KOHeeKBeHrao Biiu.iiiBa.iH 3 niel ochobhoi iioaunii, 
a cam' : poBPOH ^CMOKpaTii'iHiix liiicbKHX i 3encbKHx caiiOBpa,\\ , BaHb (b ijiiax 
npuniineECHJi ...i.oMai'oi'iiHHOi iiojuthkh I'pyn i napiiii b oprtiHax caMOBpfljy- 
b;uihs, m,o BunavT,KOBO iiouajm b Ti optaHn b oliuhocth " ). CKacyBamm 
BOt*bMifii»,uini[oro po6iTHii i ioro jipx (ado, bk oyjio 3a3Ha i ieH0 b po30.iK»u;iI 
■fi'-uy, „ssjaiaesBB BoebMirro;i,HHHoro poCiTHiiioro ;uia a this, m,o6 ne He 
iipnae.10 3,0 lioiDiseHHH npojijK'niBHOCTH npani"), oCaieaieBHH b npaBax 
[looiTiiii'iiix opfasiBanji i t. & A moo" nojteKinnra eo6i nepeBeseHHB niei 
iio.TiTiti;n k aciiTTa i no mo;i;.iiibocti[ ofoiciunTii apsiiio iipan.ioio'nix, Kaflera 
[li/ui'T.iii ro.HH- an neo<5xi r "(HicTi> „3aH0B0-ieHHH seMe.ibHoro roaojiy ce:iHHCTBa 
iu.ihxom BiiKvny iioMiin,iin,F.f;iix &B$eah i npo^axy fx ccjmHCTBy y BjacmcTt" 

IlipiBimi TaKHM ciioeofiaji ,.i,a;eoji£oiViHi" ochobh jwr cbogi poCora 
b vKpaiHCbKifl ^epacaBi i najimniuin upaKTii'iiniir ilibh .liKBivmii Ha ynpaun 
[leBOjfoniiinnx ejff)6yms (b tim 4Hc.ii i casioi vKpaiHCbKOi' aepxaBHocrii). 
.s'i'oi saKiirniB cbom iipau;to BBtfopfUH FojioBHoro KoMvreTy imprir, b ck.ku 
HKoro yBiilur.tii tax jihihiim n i pesbiaacbKi MimcrpH Ba^era — B a c h .i e n k o, 
I'yTiiiK i Pa;enen.i.KH3 (3). 

Ta Ka r i;eTii HucbKH r ,noCi:raroc.ioBH.TO" pocificbKO-citpoficbKy GypjKynaiio 

iia Jiij^iepTii reTbxaHupnn, aajin cboio Bneuy stapicy, ni^Bejii, TaK 6n 

sobhth. iipiiHii.iiiOBO-iTieoJboi'o'iHi nijiBanHHH ir£;i; Ty poCoiy, a carnal iianpnn 

pofiOTH, KOHirpiTBiii! n.ifiH fi Birpo6i[.in Sesnocepejpbo cami „;uoae ftijra" 

BftUKHi :i'y-K\, (\y|)a:va:aii>-iioMimmi:bKHX frmytaim B Kni'iii 15. -18. TpaBroi. 

Hk Ta qopna raani, 3.ieTijuicb 3 ycix KisniB YiqiaTHn npe,T;- 
i-nuimtiai Hcix I'a.i v;iii: oyp;Kya3H0i', nnancKyioMoT fcibcii : iipOMHc;ioBn,i, 
ToproBn;i, Cain:upit-(|iiiijuiciiCTii i iioMimiiKit — b "iiicii jo 1000 ,\yu[ — 



*) Ocb ypuBOK a pe30.non;ii 3 v i3ji.y b 3eMe.niri& cupaiii : „^ejie(aTtCKHi1 ali^ 
tipHiniac ueo6xi,HHiiM ,i.ia napiil iri^TpimyBiiTH ri fpyjin, KOTpi b ocHOBy 3eMeatH0i 
pe^opMH BisBKyiL : a) oiopoHy R aaKpiraeBua itpifiaoi saacHociii ; 6) yeiaHOBjreuBa 
iiaHiJi.ituioro po3«ipy 3eitaeBonoaiBBa i BHftyn ^ip»taBoio bcii 3eMeat, (Suluiux hia 
toro poaMipy; b) yciasOBJieBBa MOiKaHBOdfl jwa flpidHiix 3em,iieBaacBiiKiB 3fii.ii.ni}- 
iiarH cboI seae.iLai rocnosapcTaa buhjoii Jiafffiaaaa Ha BjacaicTL lacrn ae«e.iBHoro 
(froafly. PaaoK 3 thm s'la^ ni,T,Kpecjime, mo oftHO^acHo 3 afiktmeHasM aeMe^iHoro 
aanacy TpysoBoro rocnojapcTaa, TpeOa npniinaTH ni.Tnfi ps;( nip no Mejiopan,i'i ia 
Jtsa ni^neceHHH cLiiciKO-rociiojiapciKOi Tcxannn, ro.ioBHHut <mnoa, pocnoacio^syBaiiHa 
ocbith Kaposi 6es ioro, npa aOijtbincHHio Eacejienaa, 'seieatBa pe$op*a aacw 
tijibkh Timiacosi pe3yjiiiTaTH." iHrepecao sayaajKHTH, mo n,i nocTaHOBH KaffletcHsoro 

s'lS^, HK i BEHli B CK0H01H1HHI ClipaBai, MS.10 tlHM piatHHTMH BijI, BOCTaHOB 

er-e^iscbKoro 3"i3,xy, nro o^fiyBca Mailate o^BoiacHo a Kap.oTci.KHM. 



29 



Hii Beamse cbiito uoxopoiry peBo.iionjI i B^po^acemui flffKTaTypn oypacyaaiL 
Tpefia Gyao daniiTii oypuinny pa^icrt. iiiix Mopnnx kpjkib! Tpe(5a Oyjio 
6m chukom i'x iieasipanoi bjjhhhocth Hineii,r.Kaa fenepajaai i reTbHanoBi 
( 'KOpona^cbKOMV. mo BBBBOXHB Ik a pouiTiume-ce.iHHei.KOl „HeBOJii\ B mdl 
mum uepeCyBaiiii nuiac D,eiiTp;oi.HOi Pa^n i ocoSjikbo b ,\m (Jaibflie- 
Kiiiu.K(HM(H'i:iiBctKOi OKyiian.il VKpajmi ! Tenep BOBS moiviu 3H0Ba aaaciiTii 
n aaconya i pocKoiuax, xenep bohh aoriin aiioaa lrpiuiyeirni npaqioBaTii 
iiii cetie KiJibKajiiioHOBy apiriio 3Jin,iiapiB-npo.iRTapiB i 6i^iiKiB-ceaHH. 
Tenep boiiii .w.-iii ngpoarBXH, xope/roKO mjusxaatwni nogcKKBnal ro.ioTi 
;ia Bci ti o6pa»u, upHHUxeimu, CijyBaHHfl i cTpaxii aa afflrra, skhx aaamuii 
sa KiibKii MicftniB peBO.TOiiii. Tenep nacTas i iac uohctb! 

Bi^KpiiBaio'iH a'fafl, ro.ioBa .,KO!!UTeTy ramacoBoro coiosy itpo- 
Hin-.ioBniB, iJ>iiiaiieiirriK i ciibebKHX rocnoftapiB na S'KpaBri 1 ', n. lU,e- 
h i o b e [. k ii ft kopotko, axe acuo, oxapaBrepHayBaB cHTyaiyio : Mirnys Mae 
poaMOB, cKa3aB Bin: crana/rao so jiijia. TeTLMan npiisepHyB npano 
iipiiBaraoi BaacnocTii, 6es mora m moace 6yTii a m KyiLTypnoro nocryny, 
a ui rvciii.'i uioro ;kiitth. i BanOBlB yTBopeHHfl mirnoi AepxaBuol BJiajpi. 
IlLihiuoro. xn» nacoij, He ^OBO r i;irn>ca OaacaxH, Mu Moacexo oyTH iieBsi, mo 
noBe iipaBiixeJiteTBO yar-isflHTiTb b cboih ;iisiibHoeTH inTepecii TBoprax. 
Gjjjauamx I'pvn cycakterBa, iarepecn npoMc;ioBii,iB, ToproBiiis, (JiiHancicTiB 
i ei.ibci.Knx rocno r i.apiB — aeMJiesjiacHHKiB. Mn mojk6mo MaTn najiiio, mo 
iiiof BaasoiHJ KpOBB hobs iipaBHTe-iLCTBO poGuniMO b noBHi« nopoaysiinoo 
a HaxH. Oise me pas BaaxKEaKi sac ho JWia. 

Ha noTBepjpjeHHB <sdb IU,enioBCbKoro aaopas czobo upe^ci^aTeab 
niiiicTpiB reTbMancbKoro npamrre.ibCTBa, JInaoryC. BKJioniiBuiHCb nopiriii 
raaoii nnaenbKO i npnBiTaBiun IT cep^eino, hk . npeji;cTaBHJiidB „KyjibTypn 
ia TBop^nx ciui Kpaio u , Bin cnaaaB ;s,u.ii: 

„3a«A«KH aaraony HaTpjoTH3JioBi i homomb sanpiiaaHCHiii s,epa;aB — Hiaei'iUiiu 
ta AscTpii, un yBijiLiniJiBca nij Co.iLineBHHi.Kin fian,n i Tenep ctoIho us nopoai 
noBoro aw-iirra . . . Sejuiieasa npana xne nac, 6o nee q)e6a aaiusaTu sHoaa • . . 
HepiDBB ;taBj.anuan n]»aBHTe2iLCTBa Gyjie upHBepiiouHa Jiaay Ta TpiiuKoro nopajiKv, 
moCn ko'.kiihu rpoxa^aDHH Mir upaajosaTH, Be nofJoKmuca 3a eaoe soma i MaeTOK. 
|[(oG 3aBecin .ias i CeaiieMnicTt, iipaBHTeaLCTao BacnBe bcii 3axosiB ; cujibboK' 
[■vkiiks savHyjityBaTHJte BeaKi cnpo6H BUKJiiiKaTH aaapxiio i aeciiOKoL" 

3a ."Iii;iorvoo.n njinBrraB Gypa;ya3HO-nommHni.Kirx ^eupaTiB BUBdcTp 
Topry Ta iipomnciOBOCTH I jthib, sxsSl, no'iasiun cboh> npomoBy a msnfi- 
■ipnin eaflB, u;o rerbxaHCbKe upaBiircibCTBO He aBJiacTbCJi a ni nOMinrinrj.- 
rhs, a ni dypsyaamm, a, mobjab, Ti.n.Kii ueacTopouniK, bbjkihcobum, n o6opon- 
Bfi* AepsaBH, hko iyjtocTn", ni,i; KmenTi cbocI npoaomi ei;imvB a ce(ie 
Manncapy jmn,exipcTBa Ta „noHa3,KjiHCOBOCTH u i ojpepTO saaBus: 

— A apeniToio, noro ih naeao coponaTHca <jh .'iaKataca caoaa „6ypstyiwia"? 
Xi6a ib He aaaeiio, xifia ne He bcho sci», mo tLilkh mh, tiitlkh Oypatya3)a b chjii 
iioseciH Kpaa no BiflpoiaceHHa ! Otsc ito, an ae OypaiyaaiB, iHimiHen bsbth Ha ce6e 
hojitb^bj poOoiy ?... JHo6 nepetiTH bIr noxenepiniBLOi anapii! i rpaOiatiB r no iinmi-v 
vmob xbtth, tpeOa BHKciaaTB Bcjumy ^epacaBHy po6oiy. B Tifi n4-ii ipefia upo6ynjirH 
Ta 3Ho6bi3ynaTH aci isopqi eaan, Tpe6a yTBopura Hopaaaini ynoBii aas npiraaTiioi 
iHiniatBBH." *} 



) nianirne a hobJChoio npoanBoio BECiynnB aa a'ia^i i xpynra reTBMaHCiFHfi 
■imcyp, byiemo, bkhh aiiaB a'iaji;, bk chhboj „npo6yAH£eflHa 6ypa:ya3HHi cna, 

8K1 TiiiKH a Ma»Tt XHCT ftO «6psaBB0r0 fiyflinHBETBa". 



— 30 — 



I';i r [,ici[e ninneceifflH s'isjsy menu npomoB reTtuaHCbKHX wimCTpiB 
,T,ocHrao cboix Bepxie. IloMiinnKM, npomicjioBiii, ToproBn,i i 6am;npn aaiureo 
mi b jtMOHi, aasopyiimiHCb. IEj 6ypx;iHBi oimecKii upniiHfl.iH BHeceHM 
roaoBii 3'i'aTiy n. (ftoH-^iTMapa*) iKUHKpaTii MJHkxpiB aa jracKase 
ojiobo i BJicjiaTH js,o ,.HCHOBejiMi(KKHoro nana reTLmaHa" fleirei'an.ito, utoO 

„IK>3AOpOBHTfl HOrO 3 rCTbMaHCTBOS i BHC.TOBHTH IieBHlCTb T3 ^OBippfl, 

mo nti itoro acaoBeatsoatEHii itpoboji;om yKpaina ciaae na bmhx Kj.TBTyp- 
iidi'o poaBETKy i apooiiTiA'H MaTippio Rcix cboix rpoaajpm". 

HpHCTymiBinir ro „yjjiowi" upaui, a'iXn, nocTaBHB nepeji; coiioR) npocTe 
i acHe saB^aHHH : BKaaaTH reTbMaHOBi ra fioro npaBHTejibCTBy ua ri kob- 
KpeTHi aaxoji,n, jikiix bobh noBJimri kkuth, cnipaBfflHCfc Ha iriueHMce BiiicbKO, 
jLia oxopoEii iHTepeciB nomiiniiKiB, ToproBJUiB, uponHCJiOBipB, oaHsnpiB i ^omo- 
BaacHindB ia jpa naMpnioro fi HaiiTHacioro aa[;pinom,eHHH npan.KiHrax 
«ac. IlnTaBHH „npHHn;iiioBoro u xapaKTepy: ^upoCiema aia^n" i cnpasa 
,T,epaaBHoI caHOCTiiraocTH YKpalHE, mo Tan CaraotKO yBarH aaGpaitH na 
BaseT6bK0«y 3'Ia r T,i, majio ijiKaBHira „juoji;eii jjjjta". Ha iae icTHyBaaHH 
CoBirctKOi Pocii' boeii npniiMajiu yKpamCbKy ^epaiaBHicTt, an mocb eaao- 
apo3yirijie, 6ea Jtoerax 6a.iaioK. A^ace a: ne oyjra Ixhh, SypsyaaHa ^ep- 
jKaBBicn., a u;o Hocnaa Bona naaBy yKpaiHCbKoI, to n,e oyaa tuu>ku <j>opira, 
srey npii Jiitiiiiix VMOitax ne ipyjBO oy^e 3aiaiiuiTH na 6i.ibm uyxo^amy. 

yn ne BS&jSfHOa&pwfi poammyB a'laj; uuTaaHa npo oxopoHy no- 
MiinnubKHx iHTepeciB. Kaj;eTCbKy otfepesKmcTt b i^h BijpoiueHHK) 3'l3fl, 
BBasas aaHBOto, fiaaaiKu npo 36MejbHy pe<J>opny b Cyjpr-HKiii firopMi — 
uiKipKBHun. 3aHHTaay KHfl3en Tojiin,iraHif (Bnpo6;ieHy ci.ibCKorocuo^apcbKOio 
ceimiio no jooajij npoifi. Ei-iiMOBHia) pe3o;iron,iio b afyapiriii cupasi 
a'laj; npnfiHaB ojnoroJtocHO. Oct n airiCT: 

„1. 3 ' I s a, b i t a i: 11 1'» .1 i) in e i e rpaioiom reniaai u i a- 
il o n J e i ii a n p h a a i H o 'i -.1e31e.11.j101 ii a a c n o c t ii, aicc hb.ih kti.oh ovinia 
it ochobhbx cnocooin KOHusreoro acurra Baarajii ii rimy sac cu.iy y acii Kj-jhTj-piiBX. 
Kpaflx. TLitKii ea upuuu,iiii Baaciiocni soxjumiil poumhtok ('i.ii>cj.KOro i BceHapojtHLoro 
rocnoaapcTBa yKpalHH. 

2. OcarueEEE Hauaumoi npoAjKTUBHOciu clilclkoi-o rocnoiapcma uobehuo 
dyiH oceobhok) xeioio 3eMe.u>Hoi nciimKii npaBuieaLCTBa, a seoio aaaaaai He tui.kh 
eKonomiHHi, aae I KyjuviypHO-nojiiiHini iaiepeca yjtpa'imi, a paaoji 3 tub ii icTBy- 
naHBH scix Bepcia Haceuessa. Tojo mctoio noBusfii BHSHaiatuca ii saxoAH, suci 
MaTMyii Ha yBasi npa pos^JJieHHio senejuEol BjacEOCTii. 

3. HaMKpamHM cnocofios HanpaBHtn seuaio so HaflfiiiBinol nposyEXHBHOCTir 
e c b o 6 i 3 k a uposass i Kynisaa II UpH CBofiisHifl noflijihanjl senai 
iHiepecu ceaascTBa Cysyxt aafiesueieiii i, his b ocTamiix RecaTBaiTTax, 3eiuH 6y^e 
nepexoa>iTU cave b pytvii tux, xto asoaic Vi hk naili;jiane BUKopHCTam. Haceaeuna, 
m,o He naTHice 3norE BaBecm cajuiri rocnojiapciBa, 6yji;e nodenejiHO Biaiojaiij Big, 
senai, a tem cauaii 6yxe flOBe^eHO p,o eKononH^Horo ynajuy jpifiEi rocnojapciBa. 
Be juki a: i cepe^ni rocnox,apcTBa aociaiiyTbcii b hju^cth. 

4. B i fl ypaj;y lEiarauaci mnpoKOi — loaxos Kpe^HTy I BHinux 
3axoxiB — HonoMom y Bla;6ysoBi npoji;yKTHBHOCiii ciiiciKEi 
rocnoftapcTB. Kpis nioro, uajieHHTi. Bacuni BianoBi^iiax aaiosis, hk b jr.ijiHnni 
3eHB.ifcHoro yeipoio i ai'poHOsuiHol xonoiiorH, Tas i y Bi^aoineHHio 3a6e3neieHHs 
sSyiy cLaiCKorocnoflapcEKHX irpojiyKTiB. Tpe6a lauca: sflaTii scisa CHaasa upo poa- 
bhtok iipoBECJiy it uuEioro HexjifiopofictKoro 3aiiHBTTg, ei;o6 nam npan;to i aaao- 
3eseaj>Hony BaceaeHEjo. 11 



*) #0 npe3aail 8'i8ay bio^mh, itpbi foH-flimapa, fpa$ A. BofipHECLEnii, KHaas. 
A. 1 oaiij b h, KHH3t B. Koqy6e3, B. jeMieHKO, A. ,fto6piifi, Ji.hkob i BHuri. 




— :u 
He 3ip;oBo.iiiHHioiiict MafioyTaiinr Be-iiiKium RepsaBHHxa KpesiiTaMH 

_IIil Ki,T,<5yjOBJ' IipO^yKTHBHOCTH 11 nOlinmUbKHX JiaSTKiB, a'fafl, npHHHflB ftO- 

laTKOBy ^o HaBesenoi pe30Jiion,iI nooTaaoEj, e anin somaraBCH, aoa reit- 
MaHCbKe iipaBHTejiiCTBO „aonOMorJio u nonrinpntaM BiaiCpaTii BiA ceaaa „poa- 
rpaCiene maitao paaOM 3 BisiDKOSOBaHHaM", to6-to a K0HTpa6y- 

HiiJMH 3 CeJWHCTBa. 

BupimiiBiini nflo.TH) 1 ' aominHKiB, a'la,; uepeiiiiioB 30 pHTyBama Beaii- 

KIIX MiflCbKBX J,OSCOB.T.aCHHKiB, Hid, ilK CKasaB SOK-iaS^IFK no D>OI»y HHTaHHK) 

iipot|j. je-Men;, ;iya;e BaoijjBajuica „Bij lacy noaoBHeaaa ropoacbKnx 

ncu;eHijOBHMn e;iejfeaTa*H". 3Tbffl noeiaHOBHB soiiaraTHca sij; reibnaiia : 

„1. 3aian MiSciKOro craTyiy b nanpaai 3aGe3iie?eHHa luapOKoI yiacTii 

U,eu30BHi eaeMemiB y ropoACMoa caaoynpaBJiiHKio — Mia; HHnma inaaxoM 36I.11,- 

means BiKOBoro neHsyBiigopniB ;to 26 ail, BCiaaoBaeHHa BaaorH npoaaiBaKHH b naaii 

M1CT! Be MeEime 3 pOKiB Ta BBeReHHHa 3-1 KypJaabHOl chctckh BBGopia ; 

2. a* HaiimBHAioro neperaaay acix aanoHiB, aici o6aeHcyjoTi. npaBo BaaCHocra 

TaK oyjio mftKpiniieHO i poauuKJtpOBaao so iriana flomarasHa KaaeT- 
cbKOio a'lafly apo poaroH AeM0KpaTii4Hire opfamB caaOBpHayBaaEa. 

nepeHraOBiiiH so otfopoan iHrepeciB apoMHCJioBaJB, a'laji; same m$nj 
iiocianoB, cnpaaJieaifx apoTa poorrHaaoi kjihch, any TpaKTynaao aa a'lap 
Bsarari, as pafiis KaniTajiy i flapMOWB.*) ToiiOBHy yaary 6yao sBepHyxo 
aa Te, m,o6" po6iTaun;TBy <5yjio osiopaao acaKy MOaaiiBicTb opi'amaOBaao 
i naeOBO GopoTnct aa sapo6iTHy jwiaiafo i cKoponeBHS poolTHBHOro jisa. 
B njfi ajjii a'tea nocTaBOBHB ftOmaruTiicb, 111,00 rerbMancbKe npaBBieJibCTBO : 

,.1. ToiEO petaaaenTyBa-io npaBa pofirninniaa Ha Biatnicu. Kosuin.ii b cifrepi 
oxopoBn PH011 npo^ecifirai iaxepecis, Set npasa btpjwehs b b roeno^apcBse 
iKHWH ni^npHeaciBa i po3nopafl<ii npana a,T,ainiCTpan,n. 

2. IlepeMSHyao Bnaanafi TnaaacoBHB pociftctKaa npaBHTemcrBoa aaKOH npo 
Biauiim. CTpaMKLB. 

3. IU,ot1 6yao aeraauo npit:vnanu He^iHCEHSU ko-icktubhi joroBopn, sr i OKpeii 
yro^H, nopoi5aeni 3 HapyiaeaaaH aopa npaBa, peiyawioioro n,i floroBopn, i BCTano- 
B.ieso Ha x&xi, dj,o kojisiitubdI AOi'osopB xoxyn. ]iniii)i;am Jinuie npB a 6 p 0- 
si.iLHiS aroa,i 3 0601 6 k i n. 

4. mofi a,OBroia pofio^oro ^acy sopayBaaact He HHawue, hk npn BiftnoBifl- 
aiM 3a3Ha^eHH» npaBOBHX rposiaa,ctKHX yMOB npani : BiiyrpiuiHix, aisHapo^uix. 
atHTTesny i eKOHOMB<!nHX KOH'jOHKiyp, i n^o6 saeHinieiiiia joiton 060- 
aasKOBoro pofioqoro ^acy nposaiHiocL tIjibkh a sij;noBi,T.- 

aocTynoBiciio, ai i6epexeEim lopiauioi npoaj" 11 '" 8- 
n p a n; i — 6 e 3 CKaiKunux aapyraeat 



H OK) 
a i) c T 11 

■M H T T 8 



esoHOHHiHoro 



spa »." **) 



CraBma jifoii b odopoay KyimiB-cneKyjiaffriB, s'lafl BHCiOBBBca aa 
iipMBHeHa BCHKOi 6opoTt6a ai ciieKyjiflu,ieio, aaisacKyBaBiDn cbojo noeraHOBy 
b 4wpMi AOiaraHBH ^yBLibHeHaa bu peKBiaimji' aadaa fi amiiax TOBapia, 
:iKi ae iioaajiaioTLca Ha oasapax aepea crpax B.iacHitKiB Ix nepe^ peEBi- 

*) reitaaHCLKHfi ainicTp ByieHKO, naahaBOT aacofia ffo niRKeceHBH 
nponyKTBBHocTH npoaHcaoBOcrH Bsaraai i saaisao^oposKHOro rocno^apcTBa a'ospeaa, 
CKasas : „Tpe6a b nepmy iepry BnamuxB aapao'WTeo ho-hue pofiiTHnniBoa." 

**) Mia: amnna, a'j3R yiBaauB, no flOK-iajj' 6. Pojcbjuh, _j,oaaraTHCH 
BcraHOBaaHH^ jpia poOiTHHBiB na 3ajd3aHD;Hr „cnpaBea^KBHX sopa naaini... asi 6yjrn 
AO peBoaamiHHoro nepioay", to6-to ^aKiHiKO aaeatmenHa njatHi npoTH craBOK 
aopeBojioDjfiHoro nepioay. 






— 32 — 

simian". He 6yA0U0 cuiiEHTHCb rye m nocTaiiOBax a'lapjr b (fkaHCOBHi 
cupaaax. yasnaMHMO tijikkh, mo b D-imax opi'ani^an.ir <|>iHaHciB na yKpalfiri 
ToproBe.ibHo-iipoMHCJioBa i ^inaneoBa Cypsyaak o^BepTO Bnxo^n.ia bhkjudhho 
si cboIx KjIhcokhx inrepeciB, He po&Tsrat BejiiiKoI pianuinj mivk ;i,«pa;aBHBnii 
Konmuiii i cBoeio Keuieneio, £HBjui<nicb aa ^epxaBHy CKap&umjo, as na 
Bipne Ksepezo desKOHeiHnx KpeAHTiB B( pa mjpomeHHfl eKOHOtfnmoi 

,T,iH.1bHOCTll'. 

TaK flyjio Hamiiem KOHBperari aaxo;i,ii r \o peaaiaan.il jqtKratypH 
oypsyasii! U{o6 nesuime nepeBo^irrn u,e ra&io b jkhtth. a'ias uoct8hobh» 
yTBOpHTH cnen,uuu>HHfr 0ypsya3HOHiOMiiu,]iH,bKiJH coios, TaK asamrfi 
-LIpOTO^ic"*) (pajja itoiinyiKiij, (JtaSpnKaHTiB, aaBo^iuiKiB, oamcnpiij 
i KyjinJB, a6o, hk naaireaui IF caai oprairiaaTopn — ,,coio;n» npe^CTaBBTc.icfi 
npoMucaa, Topimm, (JraHaHcoBx n c&ibCKaro xoaaiicTBa' 1 ). 

OfljiBeBJieHHH MaftoyTmsni btiiiihiimh jpa tfypxyasif iiepcneKniBUHii, 
iuioBa 3'i3jTy n. ijioe ^iisap, uaKpiiBarotii a'taft bhtojiochb HaajiBniafino 
inrepecHy nponoBy' (3a4>iKCOBany b Tonmcniix khibclkhx riiae/rax), b radii 
rapaie 3aKJinKaB oypxyasiio ;i;o Hesoocep^HOi CopOTbdn „3 con,ifliiicTaMii, 
hki ctohtl nia, npanopoM Kapjia MapKca". Eypjcyaaui, — rofiopo n,ei"i 
iipejlCTaBHm; „Ky.ihTypn Ta Tuopmix chj" : iiOBnnna B3aTii yiacu. b jifip- 
;EaBiriM Gy^iBHimTBi, mc dlihxom eKoitomraioT, Tan i no.iiTiraaoI potfoTir. 
He rpe6a i He jroarca yenKarn noaiTKKir! Kypajyasia He hobmbbs wSsexy- 
eaTHCb tubkii TBMB noca^ami, sm m iiponoHOBairi, a.ie HOBitHaa, BtycnTb 
htii sfs aaxsaTy miu ^epaaBHoi Baajjn! 

OACBHTEyBasQiu noxopoH peBOJnoiql, Cypacyaain, ne ramu lacy, npir- 
CTyiiH.ia ,t,o nepeBe,ieHHa b jkhttji CBoei jcirKTaTypn. Tpy,a,0Bi pof>iTHnqe- 
eejHHCbici inacn YKpaJHn CTaan nepe.T; ;KopcTOKOK) iiomctok) oasbixol 
i1ypHtya3u. 



Poafliji II. 

3ftiHCHeHHa flHKTaTypa nomn^HBiB i KaniTajiicTiB. 

4. JlwueHJpHi 3afiBH fenepajia CxoponaACbHoro i jioro npaBme/ibCTBa. 

Jlvpacyaais Basuie i y scix ^epsasax nasanuiacb npnKpnra cbok> rpaOu;- 
mmbKy K.iacOBy noaiTHKy SpexjiHBnra aaaBajui npo w, bio hcmob <5h bohb 
;;6ae He Mine nprt bboI niKypni inTt'pfon, aae nepej^yciic, npo iHxepeta 
,,nLioi aepxaBH", npo 3arajibHO-JU9ji;ci.KHt 3,o0po6yT, npo iirrei)ecii KyjitTypn, 
uocTny i TaK ,ia.ii. l\ivm KHEipo<3oBaH0fo CTeauioio (5pexm i jrjfn;eiiripcTBa 
iriuiOB i reTBiaH CKOponaacbKirii Ta iioro upaBimuLCTBO, saBJiaio'iii nepeji; 
yKpalHCbi;nM i eari^HoeBponeicEKini rpoMBUflHCTBoa npo cboio BixiaHaicTb 
yKpaiHcBKift ;j;ep^aBuocTn, npo cBil inHpnil ^esoKpaaTOK, npo BiSepeateHHfl 
ft oxopony rposa,^HHCbKHX i noiiin'ranx cboS^t;, npo pajytsa-TBHi con,iaibao- 
eKOHOKHHHi peijiopira, nanpaBjiem na oGopony iHTepeciB vgMjtiwnu Mac. 
Mh naBefteHO TyT 6ea amjiHirx 3sriH 3aaBii CKopona^CbKoro ft JlH3ory6a r 

*) rjpoiHcaoBicTL, TOprisis, «J»iHaHCH, ci.iLCLKc rocnojiapcTBo. 



33 



jpo&ieai iniMii sap&j are iiii/.m aaxonaemra iu;uii b csoi pyra, hk><5 norac, 
Ha T.ri iJiiiKTis 9 jtjjuuhocth u,nx mniin, bhabith km ie SeaipaHHwe Ha- 
la^CTBO, ,io bkoto losce ^oxojchth (Jypxyaaia b cBoeary .inn,ejiipcTBi. 

Ekranrto 3 J3a«Mi-Tei;.m[mii,ii' ivrLMaHCUtoro npaBHTe.ii.CTBa, ony- 
u.iiiKonaHOi 10. TpaniNi 191 S. Ocab II arid: 

„$fl npaBiiTeatCTBa naaxoAHTt bictbii, tap afhaTopii, KOTpi, o'icbbauo, MUtte- 
peeoBUti b tih ( a6n cinTii aasoaoni B aaapxiKi u naniia spam, pocim-KaxiTb uotfHi 
iiicTKU, BeaoB Oil Ha yKpa'ini upuBepoenu CKHH6H6 liapo^oM eaaojiepataBG, lipn lia 
i,epane» e rerbaan, in," BOBe npaBHTejBCTBO era* »a BUM peasitfl, bkbB saa- 
lae jfi roro, mofl Bijtf6patH y iiapo^a sci s.toCjTi hum muiTHVLHl i rpoaaiBHCbKi 
cbouojji, mo Oynja-To cKjiafteHe s bciukhx iioaimuniB i uaniTa-iicTiB n,e irpaBii- 
Te.ai.CTBO aoscia a,e a,6a« npo saROBOaeBBa 3e*eju,noro ta&opy jKpa'iHCbKoro eeaHu- 
i'TBa, a Tanoat ciipaBcaaHBhx couin.ibHiix joaaraai. poSJTHimoi ilisicii, ?a BitiHn,i, mo 
no CBoay J.vxy 11pa111iTe.11.uTBO e Boporoa yupa'iHCbKoi Ban,ii Ta IS mciojoI, mfi ne 
3jin,Hi.io'i AepjcaBBoi caaocTiFmocTB. 

lipn KOAociaTOiuisi ocBi,T,os.ieBBKi nmpoKiix aac riaceaeBiia no^iGna 3.ioyancflft 
arfranja sioate aam yenix i bhmkhhb Geanopaa.Ku, 3a,aBaeaiia hkbx, HeoCxiftae b ia- 
repoci 36epe-<Keana s,epataBaaro nopaa.Ky ia cboeoio, aoate noTarra Taatiti, je-Komi 
KpisaBi ateptBH. Tony npaBBTe.ibUTBQ Bnaarae CBOia oooboskom 3BepByTBca a,o aa- 
(■._'.i eiKui yKpalHH 3 iioncBenflHM, m,o sci uaBe;ieni lyTKH — n,e a6o aaoGaa KJieseia tiix, 
noay iyaci inTepeea yKpaiaciFtoro aapoay Ta xto ana ocarnenHa BaacTn Be GpHAHTLca 
BeriABHMH cnocotiaxa ntudurniol GopoTLdn, afio mri,; EeHOiiojyaiajiH, mo BauaaBac 
3 He^oeuTi Bjyr.iHBoio i cepiioBBoro BianoaieBHa xo iiepeatiiBainix ut.;j,iil. 

1'eisiai he iiirat ciaTii e a a ;j, e p at a, e a. Ha3aa reitaaHa — 
ne e BTbeBiia a icTopii'iuift, Hanjonaabno-yKpaincbKiil 4>opai i,i.el aeaaaeacHol i bIjb- 
hoi yKpa'iBii. Ctok)4H na lojii yxpaiacbKoro apaBHTejbCTiia, reibacan thm caMim 
BunoB-iHe i aaspiBJioc b napo^Hiii CBiflOHocTii ayaicy npo BeBi^6HpajrbHi Hapo^Hi 
i Koaan,bKi BO.iLHOCTH. PpaMOTa reTbaaaa uojioiKiiaa uoiaroK hoboS eaoiH b iciopii 
.^epa:aBBoro jkiittb J'Kpaijm i cbIaiutb npo to, mo Be Moate 6yTB mobh npo 3Ba- 
raHBfl aoBoro npaBHTeatCTBa p.o uo;i,aBaeHEii yKpainciKO'i Ban.ioBa-'ibBocTn, il mobii, 
Kyatiypn i HepataBBociH. HaBuaKH, OHBHawHi BacnnicTBa i Harm 3sinii, n p a n n- 
TeaBCTBO piBHOnacEO iriB,H0 iipoiojmije b atBim iapw 
.la.ibBioro ia iicecTopuHHLoro poaBuiKy yKpalncbKOl b a n i o- 
njtHOl KyjiBiypn, 3afie3ncjeBaa npaB yxpalncssol sobh b niKo.ii Ta ;i,ep- 
Mtasimx i rpoiaj,«.KBx opfauiaaiuiix i sxiUBeBita ycii ^opi yicpaia- 
ciKoi ^epwaBBocTH. PiBBoiacao npasflae npaBUTCiiciBO npaBa Taiioat ycix 
iiarnnx aaiiionaaiHOCTeft, bki aiBByib aa tcpHiopii yspalnn ; bobo jrae uoBHy noBiaay 
AO Sx Kyatiypn i ne BHerynira. s niaKuan aipaan raiTy (i HeToaepaBnii cynpora 
HBOlCB laciHBB cBoSx ropoa;an. 

I'l'inBHLi eajuraa iipaBinejbCTBa, Korpe aac THMiiacoBMU nepexoflOBHif xapanTep, 
'linmiTH aa .Viipa'iBi ^epa;aB!iHi"r -ia r i i b ymoaax noBBOro cnonoK Ta 
cnpaBiKHLOl loii joBecin Kpaiiy fto ibb.i1 cij(K»nu sapoj- 
uioro upejCTaiiBHUUii KOTpp buuobutl cnpaaacBio, hIbkum 
aaaopos 3 aiaKoro 6oKy Heiio^a-ibajoBaBy bo.tk> y k p a 1 a cbko ro aapofty 
bi,o-ao fiy^yioro xcpacaBHOro Jia.iy yKpainn. BapoftaeaBa BJfliiOBi,aii«io rafloproro 
aaKOfly « Dpea«eT0« HaSoMHafnn aaxojus npaBiiTcibciBa, i 1: nifi ,:ya;e Ba»uiu cnpaai 
bobo ciioaJBa«TLca BoaoiM aKijteH ,nepa:aBHoro jocsi^y i BaynoBoro 3Baaua. 

rocao^apcbKa a leictlt euoyupaia bbjto ftopori 
c h o r a. u i hi b h a y a p a b a t o .1 h c t b y, b ciciai bkom yBiiiaiaH oco6a 8 job- 
[OB rpoaaaaHCHtOK) aia-ibBicTRi na aoai aicueBoro mawa, i Bii,03piHHfl, 
11 e h o b (iu iipaaHTs.Ti.cTBo 6 a at a ji o a a e h ia a t u n p a b a a i"c b, e- 
Boro caaoyBpap ainaa it y cy uy Tii 3 a e i in u j> o k i aepcTBH H a- 
c e a e h h a, a o b e n n i 3 r J Bpnui Jiistii Bipacii. O^Bane socsia 
ocTWCBMro lary noKasaB, mo npaBHaiHe nociasaeBBH aicn,eBoro rocno^apCTBa aoac- 
.iBBe tuibkii his yaoBoro BpHTarneuiiii , ( ., njgS cupana Siawne nixroTOBaanx eaeaeHTis, 
pa ioro noipifieo Cy«e 36epimi saraataiifl ,v;aoKpaTuiHitB xapaitrep seaciKai 
1 MicBKBX yapaB, BHecm y Bufiopiufi aaitoH ro ^ax iacTHTyaiii tbri 3aiaa, KOTpi 
:i!ejyiiaaii 6 apoayaaay Ta nao^OTBopHy poOoTy ^aa soCpa aicu,eLora BaceaeBBa. 

XpiMBK. ICTt.pi> pcKUHlIli!, III. 3 



IIpaBnieaBciBO ee jtyiae h a p y in a t a a k i c i> n o ji i t ii <t a i 
CBoOoflit, a-re b TpiBOvKai *raca, aKi aepeHiaaai: aani Pianiiii Kpaii. no Tajtax th;kkiis 
icmiTax iatepeca Kepwanaoro .raay noBHHHi mouth na nepinii Micru i, kojih d ho- 
o,ihhokmx BHiianisax i iiHi^m Barn,nx inepecin npaeuTMBCTBo Cyse npa- 
HeBO-ieHc xonanica CTporax aip, TaK n,e bhkjkiho Ha lac no npHBepHeHra cno 
b spare i noBopory yMOB aopMa.Ti.Hoi iBopio'i ^epwaBHoT poGoia, aitoi cboroaHH 
e TaK fiaraTo. He ocyflacyBannii, a iii^TpiiMKu Mac npano mjaTH npannTeatcTBo 
b (5c3neacHo rpy/iaiM jiai, aoBepinyBaniic an« b thkiix thsskui ynoBai, hkhx aiKoaii 
ne aepeacanaaa me YKpalHa. 

TaK caio h e c ir p a in; ,i .1 ii 11 i o 6 n ii ii y b a i y b a u a a npaBnre.it- 
dBa b cjiya:6i intepecaM u c a n k ii x seHeataHX b a a c a a k i n 
i b noniiiM 3a6yrao Hacyinnni noTpefi ceaaacTBa. Ilia roeno^apcbKHii ooa^om caatae 
cejnmcrBO e b raitia xjiioopoflcBKiB Kpare, at; yKpa'ina, ni^CTaBoio Hapo.nHi.oro joSpo- 
dyij, i npaBnieHtCTBO isace npuoiyini.io ao BHpoGaeiiHH n.iaHy aemeaLHo'i petpopsm, 
nocTaBBBmn co6i TBep^oai nijuno aapaaimi aeiie.iiiiiovy rojiojoBi 6i,rmix senjein 
i SesaeKeaLBiix xaidopoOii). IIpaBHTeaiCTBo hs syiiat' hi aim HiJiaioM cKaeyBanna 
npHBaTHo'i BJiacHociu, Hi lnanxon nei>c:ine>iHBx eKcnopisieHTiB, hkhx He aHae rue iriaKa 
Ryjitrypna KpalHa, ni amnion pyiaa xaiGopoGeiKoi nyahTypa, KOTpa TBopurt ainc-Tany 
napojiBLoro rocuo^apeiBa yi;paiaii. 0,t,Ba<ie npaBure.iBCTBo he ciihhhtbch nepej, 
uiflKnan aiepiBajtE, rnofl crBOpHni na yKpaiai a^opOBe, aafieane'ieae aeaueio ceasiHCTno, 
Koipe dyao o siame n uafiBHin.ifi nipi aooiabinnTa npo^yKB,uo. Ti aexeiuri nociaocTii 
e apaBaraix aociaaaare, hhi ipe6a BiiBJacaaTii j,aa n,k'i n,i,ri Gsa uikoj,h ,vih iHTepecia 
xai<5opo6ci.Ko'i KyawypH, saKynHTt ftepataBaisaHeofiTnataio'ii a, i h n 
lepeiacii h o t p i 6 y 10 i h m xaiGopoGaii. JIoApoijiin,i 3eHen6Hoi petjiopmi, 
noGyaosani Ha cnx ochobbx, bbpoGhtbch npu iiomoih ;t,iH.<riB, hki waioTi. jioBipps 
aaceaeHaa. 

Tai: caiio enpaBca,rnBi j^osaraHHa poGiTHitKiB, ae 3BepH6Hi Ha ie, jb,o6 nij.ip- 
BaiH pi;iHHfi rrpOHHCen, Bee crpmyTB niji,TpHMKy ii noaii npaBHTe.ii>CTBa, a n p o- 
^eciflni coiobii, HaCKMiKH bohh 3aBayTica oOoportoKi upoijieciimHx inrepeciB, 
KopiieraioiBCH 3floKy npa!iiie.iKi!a noBHiiu npusnaHHain. 

IIpaBUTe.ibCTBO He ysaxae hotpiChum oro.roniyiiani miipoKy npofjiamy 3aKono- 
jtaiHoI poCoTB, 6o ocraaHH HaJieaiHTi. 3,0 oyjiy^oro napoantoro rrpeflCTaBHiiurBa. 
O^naiie npaBiiTenLCiBO Bsaacae ceCe aofjoBaaarnur 3jiEcnnTH 3apas, cioroani, ti 
saKOHOflaini Mipu, KOTpi Heoflxiani a-w npiiBepHenns nopajKy b spaio, 3ain,HeHHa 
B.iaciH ii yTUOpeHHH HopKa.iBum i KyaiTypunx yjioB ynpan-riana ia jepwaBHoro 
rocaoaapciBa. 

'6 yctoro CKa3arioro hcho, i\n\ ij^jTwniiBi iioro-iocKH, KOTpi nomiipioioTBCH 110- 
Mia; napo;!,oii, hkiimii npiixoBaBimM noHyKain, cKepoBaitHHu me a.ia loflpa Hapo.ny, 
ajie Ha hobzi} taiukiiS ienHi jyisi Hapo^y, nepeiiHHTi aiiTaTopn, KOTpi poaeiiumca no 
rrjiiiB Kpami. UpaBHreatCTBO, ane He cnuHHTi.cn nepe,n xtiasuvii mipami b n.i.111 
nofiopMBaana 11 uiKi^uiBoi ai ajI tBOCTii, 3aKJiHKae yei poaysui ii jtepsKaBHo-uacrpoeiii 
eaeMenTH a° enepfiHHoi hobiomuo'I npani b inn paryHKy Kpaw nepei, aryfiuoio 
anapxicw, rpafiiatanii, HaciiatcrnaHH, yfiaBcTBaMH i 6e3r3ya r i;i!M MapnyBaHHHM napo.i- 
nix rponreii, b iaa yiBopoHna nin,iforo 3,cp:KaBHoro .'ia^y, onepToro ua aaKOHi fi ;iiBcnifi 
Boai ia nonaacaanio aaaBaacninyix HpaB .fliojrimH, aid TaK ^oBro TonTaHo GeaKapHO 
Korana. Twikh npn cnLitHia srijiaia ;utaraHHJ0 n,iix cycaijrtHBx eaemeHriB 3uy;i,v- 
«iLca BUiMa, aeaa-reacna, aory^a yKpaiaa. 

npejcinaTe.TB Paan MinicipiB i aiuicrp BayrpimHix cnpaB 'P. JI u 3 r y 6. 
MiHierp Hapo^HBol ocBiia i T]iM l iaco BOBHKoayioimi oijobhskh aiaicipa 3ar[)aiiii'iiiiix 
cnpas M. B a c h -i e h k 0. MiBidp (ftinaaciB A. P a; e n e n, l k 11 ii. MiaicTp ToproBii 
Ta itpoaaoiiy C. IyTHiK. MinicTp xapiyaaHna i THM^acoBO bhkoh, o6obh:ikh 
aiaicTpa x.iit>opo(icTBa K). Coko/iobcbkhu. Minicrp nraaxiB B. E y t e h k 0. 
Miaieip npai(i K). BafHep. MiHicip cnpaBea.jmBoc.TH M. 1y 6aac ikh ii. 
MiflicTp Hapoanboro 3joponan B. JI re 6 a a ci k h fi. Bhk. ouoBaaKn sinicrpa b'uIhii 
oianaH .1 i i k a y. 

l.Vis, 10. naa 1918." 

3a u,iGio „^eM0KpaTi['fl[OH)' i i „eaMOCTii1njiii;tKoio" ^eK.rapan;ieK) a'fiBir.ni- 
ca b HiKeiiTjKiH I'aaeTi „ Berliner Tageblatt" (a nOTiu i b iiminra;') me 
6imw ;,jeMOKpaTH<Dia" i n caiocTifiEmp.Ka u posMOBa caioro ,.aeKOBe.ii,jio;K- 



— 



hum. nana terranm", a kucok i tyzcm Pass MMetpiB .'hi3ory<Sa, 
:j Kopei.-iiou r u'fiTc,M anwaaot ra3eTH (;i,-pos JI. He^epepoJi). 

n rcTj,aau feaepai CaopoDascMoiu, — OHTaeMO b ra3eri: tyrannic* na 

thi oeuaTax, hk! case uij,i5y.iiicn b nuoiuiiii KOncil Paiiiciafy 3 upaaofly aoiifi bu 
.VKpa'ini. A x a « 1 i> c ". — caaaaB reibaaa: no je-sio BEajEae jenc 
i< H i a. e 4 4 a a i aa peaanioHepa it uneiieEtro a p u x a a l a n k a 

,|. .■ x e p a u i i 8 BeiKCO] i t: ». I re u l]iyre ueflipae. H c a i io 

iauc]jiiHi»,mo xoi npotfpaaa i jeiaipam^ii tiiarsiin niel 
n p o 1 p a a u ii a j t b ii a b i t t j, a a i, uix y naiii ID a it a; e a a h i b i JI, a- 
1 n x i b. H He sy«a», mofl dokii uoia.iu 3^iflcH»Bawi i n,0BeaH *o Taaoi xaieBol 
jeaeataoi pe$opau, hk a B,e mi>i_v .ipoOflTa ia aa n,e Keiri B^aeTbca. fl He^CaacaR) 
Ti.ibKii CKacyisaTii upaao b.whocth aa seaaai, his ne apofias noaepeaaiii ypsa; 
a III J'aiBepcaai, i ipaaaiocH riej ayaaii, djo Koama petpopaa ayciiTi, nepexoa,iiTii 
b nupa^Ky la ciiokokj. Mwi Bhmuia uc au-.Ke eiani fpyaioi a,aa foujaairruHMix 
eacnepiaeHTiB. T a k o at lenpaijuea jynta, h e a o a 6 u a x o 4 y nepe- 
iBupmi yapainy uoia I «acniy 6 y b m o i pocifieiKol" jep- 
at a ti ii. , ; Iaai reTtaaii aaaBHfl, mo. He oyayiu moBinicToa, Bin HB.iseTi.cfl yapa'Sum-a 
no noiOA*enHio i iioi.nunx, TopKHyBaaci miTaunn upo mosy, reiLsau Bia,3Haiua 
Te, mo uiapoai aoaa yKpaJactaoro aaceacnfla ne roBopan, iio-yKpaiactaoay.*) 
Toay vKpawctKa aona ne moate Gym iuhbom mobow. Kmaiioay a ypaa.0Bu;iB ipeGa 
.tani ioMMUBicTL aa npora;si ki.ilkoi Biennis bhbiiithch yapalactKOI mobb. A thi, ito 
iic BiiKOpnciaB niiOro repaiay, ycyaeTtca. Hosamo, cjcaaaB rertaaa, ra,o b vmOyi- 
utoay 6yaa Tkaiaom eKOHoau'iauH sbhsok :i Pocieio, aae ne miTaHaa a,aaLni»io 
poaBMTKy no^ifi, aaux uixro nepejiCa'iiiwi Be aoaie. Aae ii Tofti yKpaiBa He nepe- 
CTane OvTii iu-iKiia eaxociififlOM, bulhoio i iieaaaeaKHoio a,ep»aBHOJo oaaaaneio. 
rexutu npHBHaa anroBip 3 ll.eHTpaji.nuau JlepsKaBaau, :iasB.inK)4H, m,o bLh 3po6aTB 
Bee aoaciMBe j, : ui nepeBBAettaa ^oroBopy b -iEUiTa. fl aaio, — caaaas reTtaaa, — 
hbh3ok, io'i me ft nein(iinia.ii.iiiiii. a !i]K:;tCTaBHHKaaH HeHTpaiLHUX Jlepatas. Itpu 
■ viai mix yMoBax a ayiuy u,iiiHTii irija.epaay i npacyraicTb HiMen,ticoio sifictKa, 
aoaojtoroK) KOTporo, aiat auaiHa, KopacTyBa-iuca B ri, ito 6ys nepe^o aaoio. ii syaaio, 
nio tenep mi CKopime aaOEeao 3i6pa™ b Kpaiiii xjii(5, auuil HftlffiKHH HuarpaJitnaK 
J,epacaBaa. Henopo3yaiHHa, sk\ icTayua-ia ^oci, Haja.ii 3HHicnyTi vepea Te, m,o 
i'i.i:a n.ia.ia imnuaaTiiae xjaXKsiciEi nopyn 3 niflcai.Kiito i aBMpo-jTopcBKow 
Baajoaj. Ilo.iiiuuurnd raios (isaiicoBiiI ciaa spalBH. l'liouii, mo aiOpasHca 
J oeiUT, suoBa noaB.naTtoa aa pMHay nicaa ioro, aa ceasHe oxepiKaTL aoaiaaBicTL 
ae TlibKii oopoflasTii seaaw, aae a KynvBaTB 11 aa Baacaicu. a noaiaeHMX aa yiacTKH 
aa npoaaac flepacaBHax 3eMeai, i aaaiB 3e»eabaux BaacauaiB. H, po3yaieTtca, ae 
o6ayp»io ceOe — aaKinuiiB reitaaa — wjo-no Tpya,aon;iB, aai aoae^eitca aaa uepB- 
aorTn. Aae a Cepy aa ysary caiBpo6iTaun;TBu Bcix eacaeHTiB, nai aioCaaTi uojibjok 
i basajoii Dpajposan. Tyra sa nopaaaoM Ta cnoKiaaoxi pofioToio b aoifi GiftHift 
BiT'iHai 3a 4ac naayaaHBa aaapxil 3pocaa ,10 ueiynaHax posaipin." 

3a fenepa-ioM CKoponajChKHu ,.pocancaBca" nepej, EEponoio b cboih 
,conjaaicTHHBOCTH u i noMimnK JInaoryfi, noxuajuno'iiti'i, inx, 3 hkok> aer- 
Bricno Bjajoci, Im poairHa™ II,eHTpajitBy Pa;ij' i sk r pw A -yi'TpLio Bee 
nacejeHHs HOBy Baafly. 

B roaoBa Paiji MiaktpiB *. .lasory 6, — imaeao b ^Berliner Tageblatt", 
— b noiancy posntOBii BUSEaiBB tj* aerKicw>, 3 hkox> aosoay ypafloai B^a-ioca 
Baajy b cbo^ pyan. OjepiKani 3 piatntix aicui. bisomocth BijcaiqaiOTL 6e3- 
i;ic» aepeaiua BaaflH. Heaae aauie BiioaocTeB 3 a;e-aKax noBiiis, he jto-ctae 
iuikh n;o Bi^oaocieB 3 XaptKOBa. Oapeai 3aitoaoTH, aa, Hanpaoai, b Pafloaacai 
ii iiiuDux aaaax nynKTax, aaa ipannaeBEi Koipar 3anaaa>o h i- 
aeuiae b i S c a a 0, aaaBHauca ciiopajii'iinuia i De3aa l mnMH. flp. .leaepep bh- 
caoBHB saaBOBaaHfl 3 aiiiiiiiiiii zero, mo coniaaicTHynuu ypnj( TaK bibujko Bi^aoBBBca 
1:1,1 onopy. Hfi e aacaiaoa toto, — aaaBiiB a. JlHsoryO, — mo nonepeAHiB ypa;i 
b aiHcn ocTH aUe He aaB capaBWHix npExaaMBKiB. llpani napiii ii naprH neHTpy 

*) ^o pe^iu, caa CuoponaactKua ne bsib 
DO-yKpa'incjbKoay. (Aetj 



a ni roBopsiTH, a hi nneaTH 




ofiiUHJin hobobj- ypn^OBi oboki mnffi]fxsj, i npeiep lae ii a ;i i b >. mo m 
3 a n o jo c t t c « "ft looippii couimicmui « p y r i u, io»y mo ft b hbx 
BOiax jijianisTb chokojo. Hauie rac-io — poCoTa, a lie noaiiHKa. II p it nil « 11 
ie i n 'i e i o BiA^HpaiH npana « a p o j o b i c a v o k y b ii 3 b a y it t n 
BafirtjTHioK octaTony fopsy up a b;i i it it a. Cupaiia itanioBajibttoro 
3i6paHna, hkc cK.iiiqeTi.CH no suGopax, BupiuniTH, hh Kpa'iua xoic juuuHTvea npii 
reTtaaui ado BcraitOBHTb aKcet HHuie jipaBJinaa, in Gym Vitpaiui MOBapxiew afio 
pccnyij.iiiKoio. 4>. JIii3oryG aaitiHiHB chokj posnoay aaaBoio, mo ypaft fiyfte ua- 
npaBaani JAKo^y, KOTpa naiuraca nawiUKOH buibii it :m:i|>xi'i. iioTin imsacTica 
3asoHH npo BiiGopa, i caaifi Kpa'tni Oy^e sano BoacinBicTB piniimi npo cbok flaabiay 
noaro. Cboc npaso iia icTHyBaHHS hobhu yps,n soae^e cbogkj itpan,eio. B 

HapeniTi, no;taio jue TyT ypiiBOK a poaaOBii '!>. .'Iiiaoryoa g ciiib- 

poGmniKOM iopHOCOTeiiHOro „]\i.iora liieBa". 

„HaHC.in:KHH3i i i'o,iobhhm aaBjamuiM jipaBUTc.ii.cTBa e — cKaaati l I'. .Ii: 

— yiBopeHna Tnep^oi b.wcth, cuokoki i aajy b spam. Mh BBax&exo cetfa aa tiim- 
qacoBe iipaBiiTe.ii>ciBO, aaBftaiiHHM aKoro e aaCeane'JUTn. ikhtth i 11 p u n a t h y b 3 a c- 
iiicib nace.iennn ia Ba6jiH3iiTH xbii.ijo, b Rorpit naccJienHn MomiMe CBoCiamiM 
Biiflopojj BaaBSTH, aKoro ycipoio Caacae eofii b OysyjMHi". yawMfiKi, mo a BBa;i;aio 
Vnpa'tHy stood* caMoeriiluoio aepiKaaoKi, ne SBaasaiOTii ua 36jiii:kchhh a HiMeiitraoRi. 
Ha iiiiTaiiiia, mh Macibca . na ysaai aid uuismi p.o au.nta;eiinn a Pociew, BiinosiB 
ilitsorytj, mo noKH-mu nia. Tenepunmo xbiuhj yxpalsa c ua BoenHOMy cram :: ii. - 
.TiiKnpocieio. ,U,o Kuioa npiitxana porifkbo MiipoBa jteicfaixia, i a Heio cane lenep 
h|i"b;i,uiti. neperoBopn ainiCTp sarpanii'imix ciipaii. 11 ,i; ui.iiiiii jioaaoiii 3<iiibhd apea;- 
ei,xaTe3B juimeipiB, mfi r iepxaBDOK> bdboio jieraeracs yBpalKctua kobs, a MiaicTCpCTBa 
Hauioiia.iLBiix MeiiiiinocToft '.t.iiKnijycTbca. lH,(>-3,o aencTB i jui1ci>kux caaioynpaB — 
b HO,T,aaeKiii OyAyiinii Oy^e oKpeMa Bapaja n ci[|iatii nepcriias)' 3aK0aiB npo wi6opH 
ia b cirpaBi peop^anisaiiii aanoaa npo aenciBi ft MiilcBKi caMoyiipanH. 111,0 ropKacrbca 
B.iaciH B noojipjiOKHX MicneBociax, yiicc naaiia'icnn fvilepHCbKBx i nonitoirax CTapocTia, 
mo 3aciyn.TSTL jxaBBimHi KO»icapiB ; a ,i,aBnimiis Kosicapin ne Baanaieuo BJKOrO. 
111,0-ao ^epaiaBuoro Cofmy, 3aHBiiu Hmboij6, h iraudjiracqiii ov.tyiHiii BnpofniTU'H 
uHdop'iiiB sauoc jih Htoro. HapeniTi, mo-AO cboSosh npecH. tvt ^yima irpaBHTc.ib- 
cTiia Taua, mo c b o o j a u p <? c n a y c n t h y t u ii 6 y n e, ornate n e 
R o n y c t u t b c a C D p 6 ii BIXIHIttl k .1 a c o b y (> o p o t i 6 y « o- 
p o t b 6 y rr p o t ii i c t n y ro m o r o y c T p o K>. ]innyBaTn,iB nonirHCTbca j;o cy^oBo! 
Bi^noBija-iMioiTH." 

TaK .inu;eiiipHo aaaB.i»B 6ypspEBKt ypH,i; i I'euepa.i CEoponaji,ciiKHfi 
npo CBiii „.i,i'>i'ii;[i!iTii:'.)i-, npo CBOio n JiK)6oB' 1 ]ifi Hapojiy, upo cboI rymatmi 
Hamipii, moo ni^ uoKpiB.ieK) n,iix isatm apymime a^epTn oeTaEinio uinipy 
a Toro B2.po r iy, ui,o(j btoiiiitii yKpai'HCtKoro po6iTHHKa i cciaHiraa b Mopi 
KpoBH. juoo iipiiTOiiTaTii CTesKy #0 e r pno! sejiijiuMoi.napeijKof, peaKn;iiliio- 
aoiiiiiymtKOf Pocii. 

5. 3HHU4eHHH rponaAHHCbKifx i nojiiTMHHMx cBofiU (aaaynreHHa 
iipec-H i nojiiTimnifi Tepop). Ilepmoio cnpaBoro CypsyaaHoro jpssj!^ Ha 
niJiaxy yKpinjteHHH jiHKTaTypn noi»ri]u,in;in i KamjaaicriB fiy;io njjKOBiiTr !&- 
r TymcHHH no Bcifr YKpaini uciel jeMOKpaTntmoi npecn — b piBiitii Mipi yKpai'it- 
('E,i:oi. pyctKOl i eBpeJfcbKOl. 1! iii'pmy uepry Oyao saitKHeHo opfaa ynCP — 
ia,oaeHHy i J aaeTy „BopoTB6a" i opfaH HeirrpajiHioro Konsevy CeJiirncbKoi 
ChLikh — moaeHBy faaeTy n Hapoj;HH Bom", IIpHiLKHeHHfl iy*x I'aaei 
finuo iioppr 3 GanvinxcbKHM poaroHOu II BceyicpaiiiCLKoro CexsHCbKoro 
3'Iafly i BceyKpaiHCMtoro Po6iTHHHoro -i'i'sjiy, upo jikhii hh ase sra^yBaai 
mime, ^aai 6y,io aaKpnTo ipay HiiaKy iiinimi tawr, 8% B Kiiibi, xaK i na 
iipniiiimii: b XaptKOBi — „Mucjtb Hap 0,1 a", b Oji;eci — n 3e*xa 
n BOJta", b KaTepHHOCiaBi — r Ham .lyi s (opi 1 . can,.-AeM.), b XepLtmi 

— yKp. faaeT? r ,T,niiipo\ it Cvmux — ,. ,1y i i u , b Foie,ii — „BicTii h e ( 



— 37 — 

Mi iicBKoro CaMOHjui jj.v Banna", airona b XapbKOBi — ..Ha- 
pojiHe ^ijro 1, i ran aaai. Ty jk opecy, afl •.la.iiiMiiuacb, itafl'ro 6jno 
mk-oojihbo yKpaiECBKj .PoOiTHBiy raaeTy"', v Hdbv J 'my. „JIiTep.-Huv- 
i,, .Hirfi liicTEHK" i irami, b tomv SBtcai fi KooiiepaTHBiri qaconHCH) it iieiueia 
. [.tiKoif. 6earay8i$ nonepeflHtoI neuaypn, mo Bi[iiepe^n.ia aa.ieKo neHsypy 
<".\ Ftuiiix uapcbKns iiaciH. HifiKa siiBiia nynca, mssa KpirniKa wumtTypH 
(typacyasif, Him;a BpasxsBa aaiCTKa upo eraHOBBiac iia sienax i npo ;t,uui.- 
hictb afeirrii! ypaxy Ta», iii OflBB ct-piioaHa cTa™ npo n<rape(>H ceaaHCTBa 
i pouiTHiiii,TBa ne j,ojiyivi;ii.i:i -si neHuypoHi.*) I'aaeTii .^'Ub-y-jeHb cbitii,™ 
ni.nt.xii ifiiiajbTioiii i (ie3na.i,iiini> cmpXEiach na npiraypy Ta jipBOfloiii 
oypsyaail aeoGxi;urieTb ctiacyBamifl li. C. 6$pe*OB (ysp. con;.-^.), 
iincaB b „HoBiii T*a$JL u a npEBOij reTi.KaRCf.KOl neHaypn: 

„JI nepeaurs Ha rBocsy ehty ncnaypy caxoxepsBUtay 'laciB TopejiHKiita-n.iEBe, 
iiepeaaiB Bomnsxi .Becsy* CisaMiuuK-Mipcinoro, nepeajBB iiepio^ .KoncTiiTynjiiiniT' 
BOH^icxar, iinpa^iB ia nponcciB, aaKymiyB&B spoxB. BilctKOBo! neraypH, naBiri. 
^onmcBniibKnl b&bhsb, — a.ie, CKa-,Ky no cobicth, 6i.ii.ui Gc3to;ikoboi neHsypa, sk 
Tenep, a ne anaio. Tojt, npnnaii«Hi T fiy.iii cnpotil nocTaBHTii njtici, Head ciosy, b hbbi 
boho Borjo aw;e (SesSoponno oGepTaiuca ; Gyra asici. aaKoiiii, npOTH hkhx ciobo do- 
MVBa.n> cbob iioi'h.iv i jror.Kt Be iiepiuct Ha poacen ; fiyjia xoh oioieMa, 3 hkok> tik 
■iii BBJUsme Mycin pax)aaiaca, sto opaa iia ccOc naa.-wiii ipeci lmei.MeniiHKa. Hfrorc 
ntoro Tenep He>in. Hasin iscm.i cbc*6*h". **) 

iropvi 3 3a v \vmeHiwM ciona fiioo noBHe aiunneiinn BOJii aifipam. ,pa 
[.in'imiiiKiB i cejian, minm. jpra KooneparHBiB, nOBHe npiinuojiiueiniH Bestcoro 
i ycnLiiiEoro ny6.iiraHoro setts, mo hochjo xoi tIhb jieMOKpaTHsiy. j1,jih 
i['i;u;pin.ienHji 'cBani.ir.rrBa nieneBOl reir.MaHCbKOf Bjajn jdmcrepcTBO 
BiiyTpintnix cnpaB rqtpKyjiapKO (TemrpaMOio No. 114 — 183) na ijca ryfiep- 
nia.n,iin\ i jiobItobbx CTapodiB Ta KOMen;uinTii) BaoopOHBao Mi'MKoro pojiy 
3i6paBHff. r l,iiiinj'» ,\» toto, w m\nru KOonepaTBBS ne nor.in Bi^yBara 
cboIx aKii'iailiiiix jqjtOBHK naia.iiauix BtlopiB, aid BOHH aa napcbKira naciB 
ni,i/iu;;t.ii[ BLibno i 6ea hehx HC MoajyTb oOifiTiicF.. i HenTpaii.nnil 
>KjiitTiriM;ni"i KoonepaiBBBBB KomTeT MyciB ocotfjinBnun jooa^nnxn aa- 
iiHCKLiiii BintpoxyBaTii y I'enepa.ia ('Kopoiia.u-bKoro, mo o6wflB 3axlaniii 
EBponi nepeBepmiiTii cboIsi ^eMOfEpaxKaxoa Hinen^KHx conlH.ib-jeHaKpaTiB, 
^OSBOay Ha ni.!.r»vr-ra 5eproBHX pi'iiuix aaraiBHnx sfiopia KoonepaTHBiB ji;jin 
CKiaflaaHfl cnpaB03,T,aiib. BnCiopy hobhx yiipaB.iinb i Bnpiineinia nHiiifix 
rocnoflapebuax KOonepaTHBHHX cnpae. IIpo aseeb naprifiae aana 'in upo- 
(|ie;'iiiTri podixBB?i ra eeJiaHctBi Boopn, s'fajB ne Korao (JyTB fi mobh. 

AAMmicTpaTTiBne CBaBi.n,CTBO, laacosa noicra Ha6paaB CTpaumux 
<|iopjc. fvinmiji aaeoGoM no-iiTiinoi CopoTbfSn CyparyaaiB BnanaBaia uaeoBi 

*) Mia; HHmiiit. reTi»ancLKOKi neHaypow ne joaBoacHO Oyio jo SPJBJ 

II ,.liTepai>-pBo-HajBOBi)i BirTmmy" iTaTi M. C. FpjnieBeLKoro 3 npnBojj piiamii 

III FHTBepcaiy, ii hkui npoBo^nnaci jjsna npo ncBMipjqiciL Bijqjoftaceuoi yKpaiuetKoi 
lepataBHOOTB b uapoAois pecnyfinHKajici.KO-ReiioKpaTH'iiiiix <[iop»ax. 

**) u lBre|)SrHo, m.0 lipeca po6H.ia cnpnuy CopOHHTBCE npOTH BOnepefffiiOl ii,en- 
gyjHi cTpa»KaMH. Tan, pejaKn,i'i ojeeiiKnx 'lacomiciB, pjiepwaBDtn otfin,injtne noBi- 
AOMJieBim npo _HBe,i,eiin:i jionepe,T.nto'i nc-ir.ivpn. n;.nu;a.m (18. ipasjin) iia^BHiailio' 
aaci^aHHn KoaiiTeTa o,T.ecLKoT npecn a yiaciKi npcwiaBBHKiB pejaKn,iR raoeT, na 
aKO»y fiyjio pimeno, BsaxaioMU asT npo aaseseHHa n,eB3ypn uopyinennns orhof* 
a ro.noBnux aaBOMoBaiit iienoajon;ii — aoai npecn. ncraiiiio upniniHHTn bbxU Bcix 
.- ; :iis ■iaconiii/iii. KfJCTanoisa 6yaa nepeBe^ena b mtma : cTpafe thtci niatKa 
A?m.. HeHaypa, 3BiiiaiiH0, nicui m'.oro bo Syao cKacoBano. 






— 38 — 



apeuiTn cbo'ix nojriTH«urax upoTnBHnKiB, poacTpLin ix <5e3 cyay i aKoro-oyjy, 
r.ii r (,(',TBa, BBCHJiKy b B2Meii,bKi KoaneHTpaniiiiti Taoopn. ApemTOByBajin 
b nepray T iepry yKpamcBicnx coD3HjiicTiB-peBOJiion;iOHepiB i Baarajii yKpaincr.Ky 
iHTeJtii'eHniio : tojiob Hapojmix Ynpan, 3eMe;ibHnx EoMrrera, iutob 

COJSHCBKIIX CUi.TOK, 'LieHlB HeHTpaJIbHOl Pa;T,H, apeiHTOByBaJIH BC1X, KOl'O 

aani3;o3pioBa.iH b CojiBnreBnam : ce.iaH, pofiiianKiB i urre.iir'eHirjio. 3a 
hkhhci, THHfleffi,-^Ba-TpH Bci Tiopam Ha i'spaim 6y;io uepeiioBHeno po6iT- 
HHKara i ceiflHain ; KOHneHTpaoMid .uafepn — yKpaiHcbKoro iHTe.iii'eaii;ieK). 
Ky.ibTypHO-iipocBiTHi pofiiTHnii i ce.UfluctKi opi , adaaB;ir npnJiHHn.111 cbokj 
yfsuihmcTh iepe3 thsk! penpecil reTbiaacbKoro ypaj^y.*) Ha BJ&wra, 
TeaTpa-itm aGopn yupalacKoro poCiTtnrcoro Kjuofiy b KiiM (mo uys nta;. 
BiunBOii yKp. coy-sen. i hIihm m sasnHiiB b 6oJibiueBii3xi) Kuu>Ka paaiB 
nin-pa^ ABJia^iicb 036poeHi pociiicbKi AoopoBOJibnj o(jfflnepn(„rtjapjpa" Citopo- 
na^cbKoro), bhocimh BaicoJiQT, upnmiHajiH npan,io, nepeBO,nnjiH apemin. llpana 
yKpaiHCbKiix con;.-AeM. po6iTiureHX opi'amaantH b KhIbI, KaiepiiHOC'iaBi ii 1111- 
iiihx aricijHX 6y.ia yHeMoaLiHBjieua repopojf CTapoeriB, KOieHAairriB i mneubKHx 
BificbKOBBX BJiacTeii. 

PoGiTHiiie-cejiHHCbKe, AeMOKparame Hace.TeHHH YKpalnii <5yjio Tepo- 
pii30BaHe, ncn.ro b iiocTifiiriil rpiBoai, neneBHe cbofo jkhtth, xoBaroineb no 
jicax Ta .itoxax Bin reTi.MaHci.Knx poaGiihuiiriB. HaroNicui. pocKoniyna:iii 
HOMimttKH Ta KaniTajiicTH, poanBrrajia oypjEyaana, peaKU,iiina, MOHapxiwiia 
MOCKOBCbKa upeca, opi'airiaoByBajiacb, Bi^yBaKrai cbo! feiKOHerai s^h (,t,ojk>- 
BiacHHKAB, MyKOMOJiiB, uoiiiinjiKiB i t. #.), oypawyaaia,**) nisimo bhuij- 
KyKran Bee hobi n HOBi cnocoCSn nnsncKy i noHeBOJieHHH npanioioiiix «ac. 

„Po6iTHnia TaaeTa" (No. 282, 30. xpasaa 1918.) imcajia npo 
nojiTHVHiiu Tepop dypxyaail b noKajriMenifi n;en3ypoio nepenoBin CTarri 
cii^yioye : 

„llpeca nowaBjena s cthhobhihc, irpii anony icTuysaiu aaiisce bcxojk.hibo. 
BLtlibIcti. conjaJiicTiwuHX ra»ei ya:e aaKpiiTO; ii, mo BiixojiaTt, to TaK peTea&HO 
n,eH3ypyK>Ti.cii, mo ne jiuiiiaoTca ukoro jKHBoro. 

BeanpaBB, BucyTaicrt BcaKoro ,npaBouoro nopaflKy', bo ins hkoi'o naic 6-to 
apo6acHO fi nepesopor, BiflOiisaioTtca aa Bctoay jkhtto. HaBhi, npii canoAcpacaB 
Hoaiy peaami icTHysaiH js,e-UK\ npafiHJia i aaKonis, 11a ni^c-Tasi iikhx apemioByBajtH 

neH3ypyBajin, s&hkmbsh ra3etn i 1. a J'p»A caMOCTiBHO'i BanioHaaiHOi ^epiKaBii 

jonycKatt (a moskb 11 yume) vthckk upora upoasiB nau,ioHajiLHoro acHTia, iipocsiT 
aaKpunaioTtcH, kkhhckh 3 podiTHHMOl KHiirapni paxyjotbca BpanoAtHUXB. 

3aTe BiaacBBae ,coh>3 pycKaro aapoAy', i Moro ^iaataicTt ne 3yeipiiae nepe- 
uoh. lopaocoTeaHe ayiOBeacTBO Mo»;e bUbho BeciH Boro lopny pyiliryioHy pofioiy", 

IIoJiiTii t uffli'i Tepop, poactpiiH fi apeuiTn, HanpaBJieHi roaoBanjir i nraoi 
upoTn yKpaiHCLfcoSt^eBOjno^iuior fleMOKpaTil ii yKpamcLKnx aomxmnsi Ta 
ipoaa^ctKHX wmiB, Hafipaan TaKnx p03rHy3;i,aHitx i n;iinnmitx ijtopM, wp 
TeTbwaHCbKe npaBnTeabCTBo npniryifleHe 6yao (in He MiMeubKiiMH BJiacTHMii) 



*) CTpaxiira reTHtancfcitoro pexiiHa sochti. acKpano i iiobho SMaaiOBani 
b MeaopaiiAyai BceyKpalnciKoro SeMetKoro y"i3^y go rertaaHa, skhh mb Haao- 
3,nMO iiHatie, 

**) B apyrifi no-iOBaai lepBHa BiflOyaca b KaiBi 3'iaji; aysoMoaiB, a b nepraiB; 
nojoBimi nepBns s'uj. soaoB-iacHMKiB, bkiik yxaawiB aacHjBaiu nocriiiny pajiy aoiio- 
BnacHiiKiB YKpaiBH. Ha s'la^i joMOBJtacHHKiB jiaaait peBoinoujw i so6pusi cjiobob 
3ranyBaiiH eiapi ^opeBO.non,irmi MacH Ta Baxsajiaaii u;apcLKi nopa^KH (npo$- B r a- 
«BciKafi BuxBaatoBaB „u;apa-ocBo6o^iiTejifl"). 



39 



onyG.iiN.viiimi b i.i lrn.L cpassa oeoCxrae „ypii;i,OBe nom^m.iemui" , b hkohy 
ciapMOci. BimpaBflaTii ceCe b CHpasi apoiirria i uie paa jiiiii,eaipHO naiisaoo 
npo l'bok) upiixii:n.HicTi» ,1,0 iie'i vKpaisici.Koi HepsaBHOCTB xa ToaepaHTHe 

Hi.ytOllIPHHIl ,10 J'KpalHCbKHX fpOWil, l.l'T.i; tl X $fam. Oct Xilpill.'IV|iHi BlipDBKH 

a Utoro noBij;oMjreHHfl : 

n OeTaHHi*H lacaim HajUBHiaaao nonurpiuacs afiiattis, mo io«e BHOiiKani 
u cycni.ii.HOCM aanenoKoeHM i nocia™ n Hifi aUogprnra, moa-TO yKpainciKHil ypss 
HWKOH CaBayace CTamiTica no 3pofljieHBi octaHBiaii iacaan apeinriB i biAh-to Ga'raTo 
,,ti''i apeunyioTi. bhojoiho 3a tc, mo bohsi 6jxa nepeKoaaunan yjrpalKCiKBJa 
rpo«aAci>KHMH flisMMH. . . . .Vpa« saBMCja ^hbhbch aa sapajpsceHHi apeuira, be 
na TMaiacoBHfi saiia;, o&cnr suoro neuHHyte aycHTL cicopoiuiaca b iiipy Haciyn- 
,-ichhh Giaiui cnoKiiinux yaoB j;e]ia;aBuoro ;khtth, i 6ys aaooiiOTaBBH bohmbbo 

IHBH^KUM BanpaB.ieHHBM HajieiKHOrO pOBOopy BCil BSHOBO BOBCTaBBIHI cnpaB. Bin 

XjUnto nociasiiB aa xepry iv B*Ky*e riHTaaiin, i 28. m,oro xpaBita aaciftaunH paj.H 
MinicTpiB ojiHOroaocHo eaTSepjJUO husky aaioilB, 3aB3,aKH KOTpaa onpasH npo apem- 
TOBanai aycsii wmiAK" pywimiri. Bnepes, b aKOKy 6 aop»AKOBi Ta hkoio BJiajoio 
iie Oy.in 6 3poC.ieHi apeium. JHe Oiatiu 3.!iobhhcboki Ta CpexjiHBOio bbjibctlch ipyra 
a Biime3a9Ha'ieBHi 'lyioK. . . . Hikojii no bojii yKpamcbKoro ypajiy "i ohuh hojiobik 
no dyB i He Kir Oyiu aaapeiDTOBairan tj.ii.kh 3a tc; mo bib yKpateenj. Ta yKpalH- 
cj>khh rpoMaaciKHii nini. .Vpaj flepwaBHOi i caMOcriuHOi yspatHH, oqoBB^BO, ne air 
inn w.Taxoit nepecaiayBaHBH thx ineu, bk! 3BHaani 3 iioro sep^aBHim iciBjBaBBsa. 
Ase siH He stir OyTi) Ta He 6yjte 6e3,iiani.niiH ji thx BnnaaBax, kosii was nopea, coGom 
ajoiKHHy afiraaiio i sjoiuHai B^ininen, «ih* 6e n,i bibbkh ho npsiKpHBajHCL, 60 
CTaaOBHiue yRpalHs*, thm ili.ibuie yKpalHCLKoro rpoaaaanctKoro jiia'ia, Be YBijiSEae 
aisoro Bis Hafinepmoro lepatasHoro o6obh3k\ CKOpHMCS 3aBouaM Ta BHSHani B.iacTH, 
mo onipaHiTtcn na ni 3aKoni!'\ 

TaK a;OBftiocfl $. .luaoiyooBi mess. HaBej^eHoi Bnni,e (ipexjiHBo! Ta 
xBaitKyBaToI aaaBH npo CesSoaiffiiCTB nepeminn „BJiaa« il rosopiiTH B8faa 
see npo P„JiiKyBaBnsi" to! BeanKOf r uo.iicTi u , jikv BirKiiiKan iiepeBopor. 

Ta saaBH aaaBaim. a cnpassHe ,i;i;io, mu> poon.ia C)\]a;ym'w, uocosy-- 
bmocb 1 1;. icii 1 qeproH), iiibii,t;kiim tcmhom Biiepe^, b pas Hani^enoHy HHnpaxi 
— BaxonaeHEfl bcix anapaTiB jepnaBHoro yupaBjiiHHii b ln^urpi i Ha »icip!x 
1: ..i-iini" naiiinii pyini i cKpiiLieimH y seix raay«ix atETTfl jjitrraTypH no- 
Mim,iiKiB Ta KamTajucTifi. 

B n;iH nj.ii „Ha »epxi u oy.10 aoKOffiaHO OyBiuux u,apci>Kiix jruticTpiB 
Ta oaHOBHHKiB, „ ^ocBWieHHitx " iipiii-.iyjciiiiKiB SypisyaBil — <iopHOcoTeHHnx 
upo^ecopin yniBepeiiTeTiB. ^yxoBCHCTBO, nposaa-Hiix ffiypHajiicriB Ta irach- 
MeHHmdB, a BHHay — Ha piiKHi a;rsiifrifTpaTiiBHi iioca.Tn - ;;i'0.io,piie 
iiOHapxninie oipHn;epcTBO, e/raEHoaBicHy .jaofipOBoaiK)", nosinpnj&KHX cuhkIb, 
KOTpi nnni[.nt noeajn CTapocTiB. KOMeH^aaTiB. oTaMaaiB, raaos pissra 
Komicifi i opfaaiayBaaH euen;ifr;iLHi ^KapaTejhHi OTpa^ii" ^.ts poacTpiiiB 
ce™ j po6iTHuh-'in.*) Ha 99 % <iysn* n;e nepeKOHani monapxHCTH, Be.inKO- 

*) ,Hjib iciopi'i affepiouct npH3Bnma affiaisicTpaTopiB (JyOepHioMmx i nooiTo- 
Biix CTapocwB) lAtep. CBoponaaetKoro. Oct K'uitKa 3 uhi : ^epmiFiBCiKiifi — M a- 
-i a x b, ropimHe-;iHiiipoBi:i,K>ii1 — % titsiti b, bobobockobci.T!hh — R a a p o_b, 
o.ieEcaHspiBCBKiiii — KajoHHiKOB, cjiaBBHOcepCctKiiB — Kyxpanos, xapiy- 
uoabciKutt — XapasaiaeB, otajtan aicra 0,T,ecn — feHep. Mycta^iH, 8BBea- 
BeTrpa^ctKiiii ' — BepemartH, anaHiBCBKBii — Kopfie, xapbKiBCtKEH — 
JI a « m e n, isKsHCUcna — fl p n e b, BaicBciioiH — C a c - T i c b c k i ii, BiiBBHtttKnit 

— PeHBOBKaHn^, JIHTiraiBCBKHH — COIOBUOB, KOpOianttKHM — SHS3I. 

B a k o e c k i ii, rajHULKHii — McnBiKOB, KoircTanTHHorpaj.ci.KBfi — $ m * e, 
■ivotiictToifi — l' pa "job, MHpropiflctKHii — I an ob, npHjiyn£_KHii_ — A * ° H " 
"Bin, poaeHCBBJift — PycaHOB, uiipnTBHCbKHii — Vi c k c b i 1 i t. r. 






40 — 



POCH 111) liniUOHaJtBHOCTH, mo H6 TO 1H0 He 3HU.IH yKpalHCbKOl mobh, aJie 
OpOCTO lie BfeSHS&aZS HI C3M0I yKpalHCbKOl ffiinil, Hi yKpalHCbKOl KyatTypn, 
hi yKpaiHCLKoi r nepsaBHOCTit. ni^dop a,T,jiiiiitvrpaTOpiB pofiirecH b liaii- 
jiiminm: cuocifi. Miirii TepcTBO BHyrpimHHX cnpaB h moiii opasn cinicKit 
fiyBiniix napctKHX pocifietKia jrimcTpiB, ix TOBapnmiB, jpipeKTopiB ^enapra- 
ML'iiTis i nnnnrx ypa^OBn^B napcbKoro CjopoKpaTB'iHoro anapaTy i Tan 
BiiiiiyKyBa,™ ;pa eeCe cniBpoomnndB, a Tepea tc, mo b oIjiluioctk Bci 
uj ^ijiaxoBHi" B13; cajto^epacaBa iiepeoyBajin Ha Tepeni CoBiiCbKoi Pocii, 
reTtMasctKe npaBHTejr>CTBO opfamayBaao uepeBoauy ix 3 Pocii aa YKpaiHy 
b cnerriajbimx noTarax ni^naBraH a npinsojiy nj,oro anmiBOMaTHiBi 
iieperoBOpn 3 CobItcIjKhh HpaBHTeibCTBOH. *) Ha bhihj ypa,T,0Bi noca^n 
iipnsHaHeKHa BinoyBaaneb aa peKOmeajaaieio KaniTaaiCTiruiux i noMiiuanb- 
khx optamaanifi. Cboto laey 67.10 HaapyKOBano b KnlBctraix raserax 
iHTepecHnit chhcok ociS, craiafleHifft cokbom HOiimnKiB, aid peKOseHayBajntCb 
I'en. CKopona^cbKOsy „na Bbicnrie hocth b npaBHTeabeTBt" ( n Poij. Paa." 
1. 285, 2. HepBHS 1918."). B Tosiy cnncKOBi aHaxo^MO b mesa iihwhx 
i aii^yroHirx „^,ep;KaBHHX ayadB u : CHOflMisHindB Cpui. l'eH.-fyoepiiaTopa 
rajTHTimn yKpalHoaiepa I'paijia EodpHHCbKoro ; f eH.-jeirr. A. IloTOByca 
i 0. Kpnjosa; 6yBnrax ypa;i,HindB ynpaBJiiaHa KirtBCbKoro rtHep.- 
i*y6epHaTopeTBa : A. HeBepoBa, KHaaa JKesaxoBa, II. 3 a6 y tin n. 
oyBmoro noM. noiiea. khIbcmcoI uik. OKpyrn 13 a 3 a p e b n a a, oyBiiioro npeft- 
Bo,i,nTe.ia ^BopaHCTBa bdhhuh^koto noBiTy I'paijta X renjueHa, KHiBCbEoro 
Be.iHKoro ji;oMOB.iacniiKa ,3,bHK0Ba. 

OdcajjacyioHH Bci nocaaa b cboimh .uo^hmi", nomimiiKn fi laiiiTaaicTH 
npii nbomy ni-TKOM iiaopyBaaa jq>i£Sny yKpalHCbKy oypscyasiK), 111,0 noiuiaflaia 
TRKi Bejuri aajil Ha reTbMaHmnay, m,o hlubho cnojpBaflacb saopaTH anapaTir 
a,epa;aBHoro ynpaBjinaa b cboi pyKii i CTara, kojui He iiaHyroHoro, to xoa 
piBHopaaHoio 3 BeaiiKoro oypxya3ieio kihcobi. Mn iriaEime ,T,OK.ia;qriiH,e 
enHHMOCi Ha craHOBsnp a,pi6noI Gypacyaaii iipn reTbMaHm.mri, Tenep ate 
araayeaio upo il „HpiiKpe" CTanoBmne .1111110 j;;ia Toro, 111,06 iiiaKpeciflTK 
BBpasmme BeanKooypatyaaHiiii peaicuifiHiiii iiypc reTburancLKoro npaBHTejibCTBU,. 
mo aajiHHiaB na Coal He Ti.ibKH ^amK^dTw^mi, aae Hafitib i ciiiBaBy™ 
iiOHy api6no6ypatya;jm Kyaaur.id crcmeHTH. Hacid.ibKii o^pasy s ojipBaBca 
1'eHep. CKOponaflCbKflS b^ flpidnoi yKpaittCbitoi Cypacyaail, 3 KOTporo no- 
tipaTaBCH b r i,eHb aaxomieHHa saa^H b cbo! pynn, bhjpo, aia; iiilimmm, 
3 Ha;i,pyKOBaHoro B V; ,HoBiu Pa^i" jriicia aii;epa yKpaiHCKbKoro KypKy.iiK- 
cbKoro cejraacTBa C. SleneTa flo npe^cinaTeaa pa,nn sriincTpiB ,,xai6o- 
pofia" .InaoryOa. HapiKaroHu Ha Te, mo JLbbmj6 ho ftoxepxye j;uihx hiim 
n XJii6opo6aM a o(5in;HHOK mo-so Haupaiiy uojiiiiiKii i ciiiBpo6iTHnn,TBa 
3 TKpaiHCbKoio KypKyabnero, C. HleiieT, oiiHHHTtuincb a'oKpeia Ha ckx&jq. 
VTBopenoI .lH30iy6oar KOMicii no BHpoOjeHHio hoboto saKOHy npo Bti6opn 
fffj 3eMCbKnx caM0)'pH,iyBaHb, iiiicaB: 

*) Hk n,e podnaoca. biuho 3 n JloK.ia,-;no"i aanHCKH" tob, Binicrpa BnyTpiaiHix 
enpas BiniHCBCKoro ^o HiHicrpa- iHyTpimuix enpas (22. V. 1918. 452/538) a nepe- 
HHCJieHBns 10 npH3Biim piacDox ypHaoBUJB ciapux pociiicLKiix HiHicrepCTB, Bine-ty- 
OepnaTOpiB io-d;o, hkhi liiniHeBCuiS nponoHysau „3anpocBTB 3 Poci'i «jia H0Tpe6 
yKpalHCiKO'i ^cpacaBH". MiiiiCTp BByTpimHix cnpaB o;ue-iian n,io aanacKy %o m'ih. 
aaKopji- cnpaB 3 npoxannsa ^bikhth aaxoabj ha« n.omoi\y Ha bIbj a Pocii na 
yKpaifly" 3rajaHHi b saniicni ocW. („Po6. ra3." No. 285, 2. lejioHii 1918.) 



— 41 



,,B EamiS Konici'i Hesac ni OREoro >io.ioBiKa, Koipuft Cu KopaciysaBca 

ygpalHCIXOJO BOBOK B MCHTTK), HK CBOt'Kl pi,lH0R> : IiesM lli O^nOrO, KOT]J]lfi Gil aaB 

lipaiso oxsaaTE, mo siu e yiqialuem., nicin rom, m; m> e jkhtih nepffSB: a PyccKiii". . . . 
A b Kiani ancia micas: ,,HaHe Pojiobo, b nepmi ^hi Bauioro roaoByBaaua bh nana.™ 
Keai, mo ne ni^eTe aa npiiK.i;«oji ecepiseLKoro ypa.iy, ino a a v i n"i ctp a u i a la 
■ icn,ax i ssaraai ypaa Beet He 6yae lynso i»]iniiiiii - 
oJiHoOoKHM, neyKpalBCLKHM, mo iioainiKa ypjijy fij^a muiiomuuia.'- 

Ta JIa30iy6 anas, ao wo fta;e. XyTopmtim [Herat upocro He po- 
ayWB, mo cane ha r o,T,ao6oKicTt" noairaKB i 3 oacoBOro i 3 Ha- 
Himnuiwioro (nocKLitKit BejHKa Hanioaajimo CBi^oMa yi;paiHCbKa tiypxyaafc 
Gy.ia EeaHa^fflOto cboIm iihuom i bilikbom) uor.m^v, HBjiaiOTbCH cyrrjo, 
jyrmeiD HOBoro Kypey uoaiTHKii. mo iniaKiiie He moraa i He xOTua po6itra 
i'.\ -p;i:yii::iji yKpafffli, joiiflBmncb jo ma^H. *) 

yKpalHCud npai^ioioii ncaCH, yKpaiHiF,r;i eorqfiaicTHHHi KiacoBi napiiii, 
ftpaxK upai.-Tii i my .icicium m reiy oncoBoro xapaKTepy cyiacnoi GypjKyaaHOf 
;xepn£aBii; b Tiopwax, b mseiyjcsx KOHJ^eHTpajrifiHBX TaSopax, TepopusoBani 
i ;)aniaiii b iioniii.TH, b uoBCTanHfrx upoin Hacn.iLHHKiB podi-m bohh 
odjhkj cbocI po(5oTH b HHHyiiosy, BBaxysaxH Bapi'ie-Tb cboix uap:imteHTapHo- 
;i;eMOKpaTHTHirx iaeajis i 3Ba;saHHX » loran MeTOfliB peBoawi^HHOl dopoTb&i 
BH3ncKyBaHus 3 BB3HCKyBaiaHH i raouiiTi'jnmiT. 

6. Po3roH jieMOHpaTHHHHX opfaHie caMOBpa^yaaHHR — 3encT8 i Ay 
i pecTaepauia 6ypwya3Horo caMOBpnAyBaHHn. llpo po3ix>H BeseatHHi ko- 

riTCriB I't'TEMilHCbKHM ypflflODl TVT HI? SOBO^IITI.C'I rOUnpHTH : Hefl pQSTOH 



*) A-ia flifKpe,T.nTauii' EOBaaeHOro ypsay UeaTpaaiaoi Paaji i BBnpaBaaBHa cBoro 
CaKftBTaaay y BiaHomenuw 3.0 nonepeaiiboro ypaay i UeaTpaatHoi Paxil ui»eu,iii:i 
1eHepa.u1 opfani3yBajiH HeBHaanaii nie b icropiS „niBiai30Bajiiii" aapoais niMcn,bi;ini 
eyaoBHS npon.ee Ha yKpa'iai Has jifi-sEima CiyBinaini MiaicTpaBii J'fU', 82.— 24. 
.in huh niaentKiitt nojieBHii BiiiciKOBiifl cya poaniaaaB y KhIbi enpaay apennoBaaBa 
i BiuteaeBBa s KniBa no XaptKOBa oaHKHpa J[ o 6 p r 0, n;o 6ya oj,hhh 3 amen.bKHX 
aieHTiB no optaaiijati,ii eKoiioaii'inorn BHaiicuy yitpalBH Hineiiunoio i ohbiik s bjoi- 
uoBHTeJiiB peaKB.iBHOro nepeBopory. 3k oOBiiHyBaMeHKi, Oy.10 apiiTarEyTO : BiEctKO- 
Boro MiB'n;T])a 0. 5Ky kobcbkoto (yitp. con.-pcs.), ,T.upcKTopa ajuudcTpaTiiBHO-BOJiiiHt- 
aoro jenapiaaenTy K>. V a e b c l k r 0, HaiaaBHUKa. bh!bciko5 Muin.il JI. B r a n, l- 
KCro, HaqajbHiiKa Eapno-poaBiAOinoro Biiauy aiiiini'i Kpicuoscssoro i ypaa- 
iiin;a sii.iinii i 11 b it. Maaoca BrpniarnyiH RO cy,iy me ii Minicrpa BnyTpiuiBii 
ciipas M. Tksi(iii;i (yKp. eon..-,T,ea.), aKHii croBascs. Hia^ac sate _ca«oro npo- 
neey Oyjo npaTaruyTO, as oflBaayBaqeHoro, i Tojiony Pa,in HapoHak MinictpiB 
B. 'To-iy 6 b ni a (yap. con.-peB,)- OGBnayBawyBaB jifichKOBnfi nponypop 
Xp. Tpo2se. OfiopoHniB 3 6okt iiiRcynHJix ne Oy.io. MiaicipiB 0. JKyKOBCLKOro 
i B, roayOoBU'ia 6yao sacyaiKeHo: nepaioro — Ha aaa poKH i raicTt Micauis,^ Xpyron 
— aa aBa poKH TiopMH, peiEiy — no oflHOMy pony iiopKH. 26. annna Hineipxiift 
"KostenKaHT iesep. Bail ice 3atBepflHB neftt 3acy^. noaeBoro cyjy, i MmicrpiB paaiui 

a 1IBBII1MI! niSeyXHBXH 6_V.10 BKHHyTO ,1,0 TK)])J1I1. BH3B0aH.10 IX Bate T1,1BKH HapOAHB 

BOBcraHBa npoia feaep. CKopona^cbKoro i 3oro ypaay. 

Hi .viae cy.iy iipouypop TpoBja sosoRBBea fnwiM^ailto qwfio, ofipawwio, 

nj.iKOM bk CaHRHi. PiatHUMii upoBOKai^iaMH (rohhtoji 30SJiiaoro E). PaGBCiicoro, 
inepHKoio Soro apy'KHHH i iaK jajii) fio«y BRaJioca 3nepBVBaTn i buGhth » piBBO; 
Bara B. TojiyfioBiiqa i tub niTOBxnyTii floro ua n npii3HaHHa caoai buhh". Hiiei;Mi 
fenepajra iiicia iitoro npon;ecy TpiyM^yBaaB. B wbchoctb at n,c n npH3naHHa'* 6yao, 
■1 o^aoro Oosy, HacaiAKoa CaicaHHa B. PoayuOBHia nojieKniiiTii ao-aio wuaex niacyj- 
hbx, s apyroro — npoBOKan,ii Tpoase. IuiepecHO, m,o reiiJiaHciKe npaBHTejiierBO, 
sue Tan BHXBajiaaocB CBoe» chjoio i nCaMOCTifinimTBOK". hb hocmwo i naamea 
KHEHyTH, moO npon;ec Has yKpalnctKHHB rpouaAaaajinif i «iiiicTpaBii BiaCyTB as 
B no.ieBiii Hijren,iKiH, a yKpaiiictiiia cyai. 



-— 



— 42 ^ 



6jb „b nopsrjjKy preeft", floro 3auoBiB I'enep. CKoponaaeLKnii [me b cboiu 
^rpaMOTi". Ta aa pouroHOM nnx peBO.TOuiijnix K.iHC0BO-ce,TaHCBKirs opi'aniB 

idfflOB p03l"OH i ^I'lHiKpUTII'IHIK, HOaaKUfleOBIIX, OOpaiUlX HB HUCTlliii 

seMOKpaTHHHoro BHoopioro npasa opi'amB Mien;eBoro eaiioBpJuyBaHHff — 
BdjlctKnx jyM i Hapo^aix ynpaB (aeiCTB). 

,!]^ipeKTHBy jpa poarony sawns i ,iym ;n;aB, he oyjio sra^aHO BHme, 
a'tea upOTOipicoBu;iB. ypaj CKopouaflCbKoro-.lH3oryCa, xo^i aBEeiripHo it aa- 
hb-ijib, mo Bin i He noimiujijre npo j'thckii npoTn jteMOKpaTipnmx opi'amB 
camoBpHjyBajiHH, npOTe a iiepnrirx xe win cbogI ^iobHOCTH B3JtbC!I pere.'ii.no 
^o sHBmeHHH aescTB i jyjt. reTtMaaciKi n op.iH u , jtkhmh 6y.T0 oocaxeHO 
Bci ajpiimCTpaTiiBHi noca^ii Ha miciyix, po3yiijm CBoe 3aBsaHHH y Bia,- 
HomeHHio j,o ^eaOKpaTfT'imix caMOBpanyEaHt, hk jyae upoCTe : „TanQT[> 
i He nymaTL". IwiHCipmy ^optryiipOBKy ttboro posyiraHfr %m oxTiipci.iaiii 
hobItobbh dapocia (I'pnropteB) b cBolii oiuioraemit no™ b nped 
(„Po6iTHjna Faaeia" 3a 11. qepBHH 1918.) p03M0Bi 3 Hienaiin noBiTOBoi 
aemCbKOl yupaBn: „sa ynpaBy y ieEH eCTb kej't", — ciaiaaB miipn 
ueii TRiioMiit ;in30ry6iBCi)iaifi a^MimCTpaTOp. I „EHyT u — !imeni,i,ini 
i flodpOBO-ir.'rra.Kiui ninmu ryaHTH. *) Ha noiaTEy TpaBHS 6yao poairaaHO 

piBCHCEKy noBiTOBy Hapomio Pa r iy, apeaiTOB i iuiony I'u.iji CyMHe- 

BH^ia, 3acTYiiinii;;t ro.ioisn ,l,i' ii m-eHKa ft hhiuhx nicu;eBHX yKpaiHCi.iaix. 
rpoma r T,ci.Knx sut'ob i ojpeaeuo b HiMeTBmy b Ta6op ji,na BoeBHO-HO.ioiK j nii\. 
Hapo,Tp.'i ynpana. CTOfflia nic.ni ly.oro Kk&Ka tiiikhjb aaqimeHa. B ni x 
,T^i po3iraaHo HaKaaojt KOMHsaHTa KaTepmocaasesBy MiiictKy ijiy i Bij- 
HOB.ieso « iipasax CTapy sopeB0.iion,iiray oypaiyamy siiilctKy yupaBy : 
po3iraaHO o.-ieKcauqpiBCkKy MiiictKy jtysiy i aemeBKy HOBiTOBy yupany. 
Tpoxa ai3miu,e 6yio po3irHaH0 o,i;ecLKy aiflcLKy ,Tyiy Ta HHKOjaeBCbKy 
i pecTaBpoBano CTapi ,i;opeBOJiK>i;iiiHi (SypayaaHi yupaBH, hotim KaHinci.i;\ 
Ta jranoBeu^Ky noBiTOBi seae-ibm ynpaBH a o,i,Ho i iacHHM apeiuroir roxoBH 
KairiBCBKOi ynpaBH %. Ciin^eHKa fl minim yi;pai'Hci>Kirx ,T,iHiiB (4). TaK 
HtBHjKO 6yzo p03irHaao, TepopnsoBaao sci seMOKpara^im sjmh i aetcrsa 
Ha YKpaifli, BiffHOMeHO b iwiitcbKux ;tyi«ax xa3>rihiynai[HH Ri'.iinaix ,t,oso- 
BJi^HBKiB, b aeacTBax — nor.im,i[KiB. **} 

Il^od BaTynrKyBara stkoce ^ificHe ■siia'iimiH poaroiry ^eMOKpaTnqHnx 
ca«0Bpn7iyBaHE. i hkoci, OHpaBj,aTn n;eS cjsifi tfaH^mnja b o^ax cycnLitCTBa, 
npaBHiejibCTBO rtaepajia CsopOEaflCbaoro yxBaan-io nepeBecTn „peBi3iK) 
^iaaibHOCTH opr*aHiB caBOBpH r TyBaHHH u s MeTOK ^icEpe^Tanil jeiioKpaTH'imix 

*) 3pa3Koa o<j»in,iMHM anocun misk ciapocTaaH i Hapoaiii*" .VupauaMn nonce 
cjj'xhtu cjii^jiOHtiii o6is:iiitK yMaHctKoro noEhoBOro crapocxn ^o bojocthhx Hapo.'i- 
hii Ynpaa (smi'iaSHO, Ha MoeicouciiKiii mob!): „JIpiti:a3LiBaK> Bu.iocTitoii Hapo,i,irou 
yirpast coSpait ace Boennoe Ka3eaHoe aaymecTBO, ociaajeHHoe KaKoii-airCio Boftc- 
koboB lacTtw, a TaK^e i^iOAameeca y MCHieaeil pauoaa bojioctu, h seae^ieBBO 
nepe^aii. no odhcu yaaHCKoay KOHeBjaHTy". yiiaiictKuB n ^HBiaTop u &uob y m»py- 
meHHio iipan canoBpsAOBanna x.i.d, uiu; Oyumi napctKi afeuiu. 

**) Ha 9. TpaBKa oyB npH3uaqenuB a'i'aj; npe^craBHiiKiB ycir Mici yKpaiais, 
i, hk 1 ipe6a Sy.to cnofliBaTHct, reitMaHCBKa pa^a aiaicTpiE BB3Ha.ia 3 l! i3^ HeB^acHHJT, 
i bIh 6ya saflopoHenHft Jlnsoryfioa. 3eacTBa« J r KpaiflH non^cTiuio sUSyiB (b npjrifi 
nojoBHsi lepBEs n Ka'iBi) Kon^epennig), ana BiinecJia anaicy noCaataHb Bto-^o aaiflH 
ypgjtoBoro Kypcy no.iiTBKH y BunomeaBJo jo 3encTB. Ilo yiaaai KOH^iepeHnii Oyjo 
uo^ano reTiManoai i roaoei Pa,j,K MiniapiB cnen.iB.niBy flOKia^Hy 3auucKy; OAua^e 
Bi i:oB([tepeHn,iir, ui n aaimcxa He ma.ui BWBBy na noaiiasy tea. CKopona^ctKgro. 



\ 



— 43 



caMOBp$nyBaHb. B nOHCBHKwifi aaimcui so npoocry BisnoBisHoro aaKony 
niHU'Tfi iiHyT|iiiimix cnpan imcaB: 

„BH6opii b opfann Jticuesoro caaQBpajiyBaHHff, ski 3,ieaOKpaTn3yBajiB It, mx- 
Ojjact b Henop»a.iBHHX ymoBax. 'laciHHa uaceaesHa, HaSSLflim cai*oaa i nparisira 
^.ia rpoaasCbKOi npanj, Syaa TepopasoBana, upasiynieHa, aa He3Ba^niiMii iniijaTKaan, 
TCTHVUicfc OR BcaKO'i yiacra y siiflopax HacaijiKOM utoro 6jao ie, mo Oijitma lacraHa 
iiOBiTOBHx aapo^ix ynpaa i aiiictKUX jijx. He BinnoBJflac BiiMoraa « enemy — ytho- 
peona HopMa.ifcBHr ciaBCbBorocnoaapcBKHi shociib, HopvHionux BiacyrnicTio Bja4.11, 
3«iilHeBBa flepaiaBHoro aaay ia yupa'iHCLKoI jiepstauiiocTU. Jte-aiti 3 niix opfaniB 
<^a«OBpB3yBaHHa ni^iac flo.ibmeaaaMy He tLhbkh He Oopcniics 3 auapikio Ta pyfiHy- 
naHHBH, a nasnaKii, caoejo pyIflHHn,fcEOK> sLuMiCTlo iiiiin.ni nje fiiataie toaajma, 
BBocH.ni OesnopaaciK b rposa,T,HnciKe i ^epaiaBHe aairra i'Kpaiau. . . . Heaae Hiioro 
^BBHoro, mo HacejieHHH, uepeuaiEBO HafiGimui co.ii^Ha Soro "lamiaa, ae Mae aosippa 

;io opraHis MtciieBoro caaoijpajyBaHna, ne xo'ie b.i3thtb no^aTKis MaroiB 

b a y b a 3 i, m, ipD^oimciiia pjIbbbhikoI p G t h o c i 6, saiaj- 
KOBOCTaBuiHi Ha ioji opfaHiBxicn.eBorocaaoBpflxyB&HHH, 
a a; e uLtkobhiu jieKpejinTyBaTH n i p f a h h nepea h a c e- 
.leaEii, liiijBatiici seojKiiijii noipeCa bmuth enctpciiiiii 
3 a x 1, i b ho ycyHeHBS anapsnifliix ejeicniB Bij yiacrn 
b cnpanai aicn,eBoro caioBpajjuim a" 

H,irau „eKCTpeHHH)in" saxosaMii i Majra (tyro — b sosaTOK so ooh- 
SHTCL&oro poaroHy xpi i aeiCTB crapocTaMir Ta KOSteBsaHTaMir, apeuiTis 
•LieiiiH ynpas i bjicilikii i'x b ia6opn jsfla HOJionennx — reTBMaHCMd 
peBiaii. mo .Jioisiiiiui oy.ui (m; CKasano b tui a;e nosemoiotjifi 3auncni) 
BHKpnTn Bd HeaaKOBjri bthhkie opi'amB Micnesoro cmsospa^jBaBss, nopy- 
meHHfl inr.Mir npaa Bacexama, KOTpi sobciii ii,I opfann so ynasKy i apocTy 
jifl mix nesoBippH is 6okj Haceaeima", a tumircom „so bukphtts" Ha»> 
mi'hiix uofmriB saOopoHftiitct aeactKi 3(5opn, *) Bn<5ipa,Tiicb CTapodaMn 
rpoini a 3CKCBKHX Kac (BpanviaBCLKti aeitCTBO it HHiui), 

ITopyi 3 hhmh „eKCTpeHHHJUi" 3axoj,aMii, ciipaBaenraji Ha JiiKBisaniio 
seMOKpaTHifflnx opCaniB nien;eBoro camoBpJisyBaHHs, I'eEepaa CsoponascbKHfi 
BHviiBaB i HHiinrx, 6Ltj>ui ocbobihix i ssuieKOciUYiiK. B cepesmri TpasHB 
dyao yTsopeHO npa MimbTepexBi BByxpimirix cnpas Kojiidio jpa neperaasy 
aasOHj npo B«6opn so MiflcLicnx camoBpjisyBaBi., b ctLiasi Maftaie Bittctroqno 
CTapHS ..ilaTwaB hIct" — bcibkux somoBaacHiiKiB, nis iwiOByBaBHKM kiiib- 
clkoto soMOB-iacHHKa, 6yBiuoro tOjIobh cxapoi sopeBOJiroipiiHOi KiilBCbKOi 
Sy«H, 11. /U'SiKosa. Koaifk ip osrarayaa upDHn,in Bceaiosnoro BnGop^oro 
upaBa. nocraBffiK rni'ii nixifo yTBopeHHff nenaosiix 6ypaya3Ens MifictKnx 
caMOBpasyBaat i " ™:h nanpaB 'noseja bck> cbok> po6oiy. (Bnpoo.reid 
njeto Komeieio „TnM'iacoBi IIpaBitia npo Bndopn b aiiicbKi syMH" aaiBep- 
s;Kem oyjn pasoio iiHicTpiis b ci'pimi 1918.) B icinni ipaBBB pocsaoiaia 
cBOto poCoiy spjTa komicw no ueperinsy semcbKoro cTaTyTy b cBiajp 



*) lIJKaiio'o i.i»CTpan;iex) j,o n,i>oro aajiaeTica Bi^nonieBEa aiiiicipa BnyTpiui- 
oiii cnpaii ,(o KuiBCBKoro ly6epHiajiiKoro CTapocTH npo 3afiopony CKSHEaHHfl aOopia 
KulBCLKoro fyfiepniajttHoro seucma. Oct tbkct n,toro joKyiienTy: „yKpaiHCBKa Jl&p- 
asaBa. MinicTepcTBo BHyrpiinmi cnpas. ^eBapiaaeHt aienesoro caMOBpa^yBanHB. 
Biwij senctiuia. 10. annna 1918. p. No. 202. fl. HerafiHO. fl,o h. KbIbcbkoto Ty- 
CepHioiHoro dapoCTH. Ha Bi^nonieHMa Banre Bij 18. ^epsna c. p. nix 6a3 npo 
SOsbLi cK.iHKam KbIbciki lyfiepn. 3eMeBKi 36opH, noBisoaasB), njo cKjrBKaHHB 
Hioro aiCpaima so BHacHeHna HaciiairiB pesiaii ynpaBB, 3riflHo aaKOay 8. icpsna 
<'■ p., a KaioiKy aaBaacnnic, apo mo npoxaio Bac cbobicthtu HeraaHO fyfiepa. 
.Vnpaiiy. ]\IiuicTp no cnpaBax BHyTp. jlHaoryfi." 



BH3Ha'inux peaKH,ioHepiB-iiOfliiuiiKin uia. roaoByBaimfisi KHHBfl I oa in; ana, 
PoCoTii fi' iiiiuaa B TiM hco Hanpfflri, mo n potfoia Konricii ^BfiKOBa, a case, 
b Haupjnri aiKBiaanjI ^ojioicpaTii'fuiix [a paaox 8 thm i yKpai'nciiKnx m> 
xapautepy cboci KyahTypHO-ocBiTHOl i aepacaBHoI jiaatHocra) aeiii'TB i ne- 
peaara naix 3e>tci.Knx opi'aaiB ;i,o poeiiopHa.s:eirHH noMiainicLB -— pocific&KBx 
BonapxiicTiB, BoporiB yKpai'iictKoI aepaiaBnocTH. *) 

U,e ooTsiBHe ocoGanso Typfiysa-io He riabKH yKpalHctKy aBKtftp&iis), 
aae fi ,T,pi6Hy yKpateCMsy (Sypxyaauo. JiKBiaair,ifl ^enoKpaTiraiuix 36mctb 
i fiynyBamifl iia ix jticn,i djLixom nomiinnubKiix b KopiHi matnsyBaao I'pyHT 
VKpatectKoi jepacaBHOCTii, mo b $opasx VHP Birpoeaa b bcjiiklh xipi 
Ha (Jasi aeicoKpaTBiHHx aeacbi.-iix lasioBpsiajBaHL. Mit waayuaaii exe up" 
and „xjri6opo6a-ji;eMOKpaTa" C. BlemeTa a.0 X. Jiwmjda, b aKOMy C. lllf- 
aet BHcaoBaioBaB cbog HeaaflOBaiemui case 3 niei TeHaeanjI reTbsaHCbKoro 
npaBnie-iBCTBa — yTBOpirm nojiimaubKe seicsBo. IIpo na> HedflsneKy iin- 
caaa fi yKpame&Ka npeca, BKaaysaaa Ha hcI if BceyKpaiHCbKa Cmjnta 
3escTB b cBoemy MeropaaayHi ap reTLMaaa. Ta u,e fiypajyaaim, iimpraiin". 
He oGxoaaao. Bona b cboih aoaaBamo'iiit oi.n.iinK'Tii Miipn.uiri, a vi:pai'n- 
cbkoh) jepsaBHicTio, Ti.Tf.iat :n; a nmacoBHM aaoji, i ^epea Te naxpio- 
THim raiB i catosH yKpatocbKor apifaioi Syparpasil li' sosds ho SBOpy- 
myBa.ur. 

DoiriniBKaji i 6yp;i;yaaii Tpeoa 6yao uaTit opi'aini caaoKjia.iviiaaiia 
b cboIx pyrcix, i bohh jsjh hloto ittnan oasepTO i pimyie. 

7. riepecjiiAyBaHHa ra BHMopioBaKHH ro/io,o.0M pofitTHMUTBa i pyfiHy- 
eaHHa eKOHOMMiHoro mmttsi yxpaTHH. Hoxih, Sypsyasil npora po&iHJreoI k.uicii 
uoiasCH 3 saoopoHii BificbKOBiism 'ra niauibMina rerbiraHCbKO-HureubKHaB 
BjacTJiMH poCiTBJi'iiix CTpaffidB, aatfopoH pooirairaix a'feaiB Ta 3<5opiB, a ptw- 
rOHy poolraiimix opi'aHLianjii. ^aefiiahiiioro ni peiipecii MOTiiFiynM.nicj, no- 
.iiTHHHHMH npnmiHaxn : mobjihb, CTpafiKH eKOHoaiiiHoro xapaKTepy ;i,oiiyci;a- 
H>Tj,ca, aaGopouaioTtea a; Tiauai CTpafiKH iioaiTii'moro xapaKtepy, hk ilh- 
cas, iipnaipoM, b CBOcsty naKa3i (b iiepuiifi no.ioBirHi TpaBHa) I y6epHkat- 
imii KoMeimaiiT KaiepHHOcaaBiaaHH. Ta ni motitbh (5y.iii Ti.ii.Kir namKa- 
pow, npo HKy ;;ya;e naero Macra ;iaovis;un i o^epro 3a6opoHH;m Bcmd 
CTpafiKH B3ara;ii, hk D,e pooiiB, npiaripoM, Kiflciu-Kiiii JvOMemaiiT n. Kaisa, 
TeHepa.1 BefiKe |B ojiaoMy s CBon>«fiaKa3iB — 10. lepBHH 191S. — 
n,eft i'eHepa.t aucaB, mo r i,o ioro Btn,<MKi aifimao, iiiOir icTHye uaaip 
yjaaiTyBaTn; b mictI erpaiiKH, i mp Bin Hauepe,? „cepH03H0 aonepea^ae 
aioaaicTii He opaTH b hiix v'lan'H - ', norpoaiyioaH KeeayxxaaHx penpecia»H 
a 6oay HUfeHBKoro Biicbaa, Ta ton' cans RBxepBHOcaaBC&Kirii KoiseHfl;aHT, 
in" b Kasasi norpoayBaB portiTHHicaH tulkh aa iio.iiTinrai CTpafiKH, koib 
sacrpaiiKyBajiH poCiMitKii .nim'i.i;nx KaTepiiHocaaBCbKiix ituupiicjicTB 8 9RB- 
HOMiinnnx MOTiniiit. .uinmns iiim-r.KuMy roaoBi), m,o CTpaitKyKHHx poOiTiiu- 
Kia 6yfifi 3BLTtHeH0 i Bncaaao 3a ueari >'Kpainn, a Ix mcn,e sacTyu.Dni. 
aBCTpiftcbKi oeapoOiTm. Tux camo na XepeoHmairi r'yoepua'rop Mopi'c h- 
niTepH choim Hssaaoa (b apyrift noaoBnm TpaaHa) Baaraai BaSopoHm Bcsna 




*'i ilpo mothbh o^KHHeBfW npHnu,ina aara-TLKoro Biiflopioro npaiia n. 6 41 n- 
M0ECI.K1IU 11uca.11 B jTni Kiesa": „Hlhk ho ioiyrt spoayajiH, la.0 B Poci'i 
nacH € ,3."KyM, kotphm uo »o»o fijiu ^opyieno niK-ijBanna npo AepariBHi i rpo- 
■a^ciKi apfaHii B.ia,i;ii IIpiiHuiii oCsienceHHa BiniopiiBX upas an BiiacHo". 



45 — 



cTpalm, ,i,6uio«ui „npo 3a6eaneieHHa .ua.iiaiomr DpoxHcaoBax iiuiipucwrn:. 
L , ,,;, ,hh-' noTpionux ;lhji r i,oopa HacearatHa i uiineii.r.Koro Bi3<%sa M . ,V riI crpai- 
kvki'ihx n,"M CSKIHI BfflKaaOM BCTauQB.m;iaci> i rapa — Tiop>ia p ,l,box 
powB i iiiTpa<J) b poampi 7.600 KapfL 

Tan caitio aauopoHfi.iiicH poomni'ri alajja th aGopii, Gea orjiaiy Ea 
lapaKrep Ix. H eepewHi xpamii! KaTepHHOcaaBCbKaS EoieHnasn satfopoHiB 
:;"i:i,i aaJiiararanKiB, jionepe^iiRiiiii, up Boaa y BuiutBur, na aafopoKj *a- 
ii.;iiii>iiiiii.'ii .iacT]«UKyi!iUH, to ix uy;(,o mii/.iano aa KOEJ >'i:[kiYhii — b m- 
M«'ii,i.i;i lafioJMt Ha 'JqwnriBinimi ciapocTii niflpHjt, aannpoaa.ni ;s6opn npo- 
ipeciitHDX CIMOK (KjlHHHJ, H0B03HUKiBCMC)lii $a6pOTHO-8aBOSCM!HH paiioin. 

BificbKOBOH) cii.'iok) poairnaHO 6y.io aGopn pnuiTimi.in kohotoiiclkhx aa.ii.;- 
hsmhhi MaficTepeuii. aoopn, aa skkx Ma.ua apoOiiTii aqemk poOmtHHa seae- 
l'anin, mo Ia,t,u;ia ro KnFua aa uaaraeK) poOithjikm, Baaraai, mo-j,o n- 
.[iiaiii'inni.iii, reTi.Mancr.Ka B.iaa.a BXUBaaa ocoG.iiibu piuiyiux aaxo^iB. Ha 
niK.n'HHns i iiiBBi t £HO-,T;oi[rni,i;i[x aa.iiainiTOX Jiiiiaxax Gy.io ojpaay poairaaun 
m-i piKMTiui'ii kowotu - opfaHiaanjtl upoijiociiiuoro xaparaepy.*) B ^ouen>- 
i;i.n i KaTi'-piiitotnaBCtKil isyr.niimx paiionax ni,i,pa;i, p03raMHlHCt npo<j)ecii"ini 
maxTHp«,i;i omasa ta EymTypao-npocsiam opi'ajiiaaHJr. Ha nyKpoBapnax 
(Ho.iTaBBi.HHa, KniBiiyma, Hoajaaa i t. r.) Taicoa; ymxoauaiBajOBax&Gb po- 
iHira upoipeciittmx poorrHniHX CiriaOfi (em.Li.ii uoaGaiUEBiBa noffleimcaHb a(5o 
ii upoero poBraHaaHCt). TaKOB ..avpmk-TpaTiiBHoio apaxxnxoB>" rerfcsaH- 
fsuarx i ninieniiKirx Micu;eBHx axaeref ra penpecnEinraH aaxo^ann Cypaty- 
aauol ajprMcTpanjI Jipoxii iipoaiuvioBiix iii;tpiprrcMCTB opr'aniaOBaHe pooi/ranie 
•,i-.iitt!I pyHHOBaaocr. b uamrl CBOiii ochobi, bcboix nepBiCTHnx ipaopiraLo-aaBo.i.- 
gmchs i.'.iiTiiuax. Ha Bepxax, b ite-Hrpi, rararaHc&Ka iipaBimuM-TBo Baa- 
Lia.in. mo uemOB 6k boho hc aaninuafle iriwro aaoro iipOTH npoipeeiiliio- 
eKOHOKHlHOro pooirnii'ioro pyxy. i uaaiTi. i.aao mo;k.imbiYti> (nieafl poa- 
roHy BceyKpalHCtKoro piwirnninoro a'i'a;i^') Bi,i;6yTii BceyspaJacBKi samssa'a 
3"l3,T,n i Ilepuiy BceyiqjaiiicbKy KoH^epeHiijiio npo(J)eciikiix Coroaiii (21.— 26. 
TpaBHa 1918.). OAHase tjt Cy;ia mlkh iiHiua (popsu, a ni.n. ra caaa, 
any eo(5i cxaBEn CTapocra Ta KomeH^aHTH na aicn,nx, poaranjuoiB BCflKi 
.ria.ui. IU,o-ji,o WMsmm alfpJB, to rerbxaBctKHH ypa^i, rpaioiu na na- 
nioHajr.HBi aroMeuri, nocTaBBB co6i irjjuno poadmn i ^eaopi'aHiayEaTii aa- 
aiSHOsopoacse pooitubhtbo : inu sonqeftipHO aaHB.iaB npo cboio nyiTpEMKy 
HaB,ioHajiBKHX yi;pafma,Knx upo^eciiranx pooiTHii-mx opi'aniaaniii na Ba- 
.n.juiinax. o r ini)'iacno mysaKWH b nirx ocTaimix cinassHEa jpa eefie b 6o- 
poTtoi a aarajitimsfn poCiTHJiinmn saaiBHoaopoatHinoi opr'aaisaipjaDiB (nne- 
pecao, iu,o b KiiiBi b nefi <iac Bi^6y.ioci. pa :ia,ii3Hn'iHx ale^H: ua- 
iijoHajLHO-yKpalBctKHH i TepHTopifl. : u.HO-yKpaiHcr>KHii). He niKOflaaBOH) i'iy.ia 
na reTLMajicbKoro ypajy i jreHE.iueBTfu;[.Ka KOHiJepennia npo^eciiiBira co- 
roaiB: xoBaio^u peBO-iioniio i tt uKumeamm i po6iTB3fflTB0 no inpnol ciDBiipaiu 
a ''y[)a;\a:ii l ao, K(iM(|iO]n'ii,i)i is.fi oTJeEESBHO potJwa reTi.MaaebKOiiy ypn i.<»i=i 
na no'iaTKy iloro icTBjBainiii BejinKy nocayry, a case — sonoiiarajia .na'ajri- 

*} Ha cyqiosy 3 cboii 3aci,i,aHi. reTtMancwca pa^a ituicipiB (b no^aTity auniifl) 
BHpiujyjia _ (110 ^oiaaay hid. injiaiLB) iipunHnHTji npaBociULKicii. 3apeJicipo_BaHoro 
b khibcbkim cjj,j cTHTyiy npo^eciiiHoro coici3y c.iyjKatnux, maiicTpiii i i)ooiTiun;in 
npaBoGepesKHiti aaji3iiiiii.i, r T,o iiu^auiiH boboi'0 rcTbaafl.cLi;0L'o :iaKOBv (3aaicm. aasoiiy 
BpeneHiioro JlpawiTe.ii.('TBa| npo peficrpMpjo i ;)aiBepASKCnfln nosifluux ctaryriB, BO 
skomv coioa srae dshubo 3apeficTp_vBarac!.. 



atin.il iii>oro ypapjf. *) Ha nojiiraKy Gypxyaairoro ypnay n? a'te^H lie biuii- 
Hyo h ;i;a.t,nii~i iripa; hk „t,o mil, tek i mcaa mix (i mum ,n,a.Ti to bob 
oui.iii o„TRepTo), na Micu,irs poaraaffiracb sean po<JixHH<d BTajpr, sifipannM, 
pj ftnyBiuiiicb npoipeeiiim pottiTHUii optamaaitii, Bejiaca aa r ^onoMoroio niil- 
clkoboi chjih CopoThCa a eKOHOHtiHimnjtn CTpaiiKain. **) 

Mo'ijBaioin aa co6oh> cmiy, KamraJiiCTH o r T,pnay nopyiirn.iii aaKHK>36HJ 
nijiac peBO-iDijii KOJieKTHBiri ;;oroBOpn 3 polSiTHiiiiijrii opi'airi3aii,ifiMii. 3 bb> 
cryniB iiboro pojrj ocoSjiubo acKpaBna 6ys poapmt KOjeKTBBHoro goro? 
Bopy TOBapneTEOH njKpoBapiB YKpaimi (b TpaBiri jricsiij). B CBoesy uteri 
(oiry6.iiiKOBaHoiiy b csiii mmc b npeei) 30 IlpoipecioHajbiroro Coiosy itpan;60B- 
HiiKiB b nyitpoBiii iipOMitcaOBOCTn uyKposi Kopo.ii imcaitt, mo bohii po3- 
pnBaioTb KOjieKTitBHiiir j,orOBip qepea Te, iu,o vmobji npan,i, BimHaiem b Htoaiy, 
AOBO^sTb is ,n,o cTpai, iKKO^aTi. iHTepecaM Kpato i sepacaBU. TaK cbmo mo- 
THByBaiir nopyuiera»i rucktiibhitx .wOBOpis RanrauricfB ii inuuiix ra.iv- 
am iipojuicaoBocTH.- lament Ko.iiiKTiniini-x ,T,oroBOpiB, BcraHOMaiacb CB&B<uca 
aaBO,T,ci.i;ni' ajpdflieTpaipI, a to ii irpoero ajpriHicTparaBHO-BificiiKOBa iipaK- 
TiiKa. B MiiKOJiaeBi nopfljyw upaqi Ha gaBOflax BCTanoB.iii.ni iiijien.bKi 
siiicbKOBi bjmctit: b iimmix t>iIi-ii,:i x — mseii,i>KL B.iaCTir, EOMen^aHTji i cra- 
poeTH, otioporamii npn n,F.oMy ]iiu:.ini'iini iiiTi'p"i'ii Kanirajiiem ,.IloBiTOBi 
CTapocTii. linraB <iepjHH'iB<.-i>KMfi KOlicap npan,i flo reibiraECbKoro mHicTpa 
npairj b yepBHi 1020,, BBaaaioTb aa oniii ofSossaoK TOpKaTiicr, essKonn- 
mix KomjiJiiKTiB poCiTuitKiB a iiponmooBLviMii i luaeuo noaarojpsyBaiH n,i 
KOHif(. i riKTii ; 3a6opoHH(OTi. aiopaaaji npo$eciiiinix cnkoK, Jiri ,T,oaBOaeHi eta- 
TyTaan ciriiiOE". KanrrajricTH i iipasnTejitCTBo cni.itHo BHCTyit&ni tvt 
npora npojierapiffTy, HajtaraioHncb poafijiTii Ta poanopoiinmi iloro. m.06 
tub JieKine no™ rmTHTii i BHSirCKyBarn iioro no o,i;nBni. 

Ilopyi a u,nn KaniTa.ricTir oroaoemn npoaoBacemifi poCiTnnqoro ,h,h;i 
i noiajin ancnbiuyBaTM no Bcifi YKpalHi aapoomry raatHfo, He sBaxamii 

*) Ha BeeyKpa'iHCBKii'i KoHt|)cpenn,iI IIpo^efiiiHiii CoroaiB Syno npiicyiffin 
6ija 500 jiejftaTiB, b 'uicji Ii KetontenadB i SynjuBniu jisieTa 3 ;iubikoji, n cepn" 
— 32. iioa.ni-nion — 18, yi:p. con,.-flOB. — 30, poc. con. -pes. — 15, yitp. con.- 
peB. — 4-, COjibmeB.-Kasyn. — 70, jib. con,. -pea. — 15, anapiHeriii — 13. D pe- 
aojiouii s'isfly npn TaiiTiiKy eKonoaii'iHoi 6opoTM}H aia; niiiuux OKaaaiio: ,C I a - 
HOBiime na yKpalai le auinac nien,H jmini On He 6 y a o 
i .1 k> 3 i ii b fl;yci(5ojiiraeBH3«y. PofiiTHiiun MycHTt pimyie no- 
p ii a t ii 3 iihm BanpiiMKOM, jikhu rpmric HcnoirpaaiiMy idko,t,v poOiTUHtioay 
pyiosi, ijiaKtimiio cKacyaanniit eKoaoMiiini optaaiaanjl poiJiTHMKiB 1 '. PoOiinuinii pyx, 
roBopiiTica aaJii b pcsonDnil, Ha sofriifi iiepiuj. mtciitl bocktu oOopon'tiiii xapaKTep, 
oScTOHiio'iii Koajiiniio, 8 rojpm. pod, noni., KoacKTUBni ^oroBopii, i(iaijpii<ino-3aBo r l ici.Ki 
KOMiTera. 3 no3iTHBHirx uac;ti;iKin pnuoni KOHiliepeBni'i ipefia nisupeciiiTii BiUHaiiaa 
Kon$epeHD,ieio iioTpe(Jn BOeyspafsc&zoro oflejHaBHH npo$ecifnioro p}iy, hk b 6\:xib- 
iiiiuriri OKpeaiii coH>3iB, TaK i b cirpaai yTBopenHa 3arajiBH0-yKpal'iictKoro neBT]i\'. 
KoH^epeKn,teio 3acHOBaao BceyKpaYEci.K'tfi npo^eeiilniiii neiirp b i[)0pKi BceyKpalacBKoi 
PaAH Jlpo^ecifimii CoiosiB. KoH^epejiu,iH niflKpecaEsa ueo6iiAnicii., mo6 jpu'ii 
npo^ec. pyxy 3Bepia;iH yBary na BanioiianLHi oco(5.ihbocth i notpefln TOro pofiir- 
iinnTBa, aKe aoini oGrayroBywrB, BifliioBi^Ho paxyKi^nct i npECTocosyiotiHci. j,o nnr 
noTpeC (;i,0K.iaa P a $ e c a). 

**) nij^ac cipaiiKy ropnopouo^iLi ro]i.iiBCb«oro partoHy (b AOHen^KOMy 6aceiiB:i 
iyfiepHiaaBHiitt ciapocra i Koseu^aur Byiinn.ni cupaexuiii Tepop naa poCiTBHBaiiiit 
CTapocra oroaocHB, bjo sin flyj,e jiBaaiaui crpagKapii sa ae])acaBHin 3paffHBKiB, 
a KOMen^aBTypa naraitira aafiHsaaa CTpafiKapiB ^ ciepm. („PoG. Pas." >i, 289. 
8. lepDHd 1918.). 



47 — 



na oeanepepnBHiiit apicT ,iopo;i;iie i ii! Ha bci Tonapu, a b Tosy »me.n ii Ha 
iipo^OBO-ibii npo;ijKTi[ i naara.ii Ha iipeiMera nepiuoi neooxi;i,uocTH. B cboim 
oaaaHHio BHCSOKiaTii g pouirmiKa jik naM-ibinc sanhasieiB .ioxojhjh so 
HenyBaHoi po3THy3,i,aHOCTit. B KOHCTflHTiiaiBCLKOMy pafiom (Ha KaTepnno- 
.ianiuiiiri) a^MUiicTpaiiia aaBOjriB (^pyxKiBCtKoro it jihiiiiix) aaupoBa^ii.ia 
i b eepe.uuri TpaBHa) 12-th roAninnril poGoHinl 'Aesi,, ojHOMacHO iiNeHbuiiLBiiui 
poGxraHSSM inarrao (,,Po(5. Faa." »i. 272, 17. TpaBHa 1918.). Ha ^epHii- 
iLBmimi TaK cuo KamraaicTH opfaniaoBaHO 3MeBhiDB.iii sapoGiTay njiaTuio 
iia iiniopHKax i 3aBoj,ax. Ha CaraTtox nyKpOBapmix poGiTHiraifi jifim, opo 
loi.itiueno t,o 9 — 10 ro<],HH, a Ha ae-HKiix (he, npimipoM, HoBoee.ierfl>Ka) 
i .in 12 ro^HH. Ha 3a.-ii3HHH.flx TaK canio 6y;io BoliLiueHO poGiTHn<nm aeHb 
i goi&CBHB 3seHJ>iueHHJia vomrn Ha 50%.*) 

HJ,e ripiai yxoBB iipaui BCTaaoB-miiicH jyis. ciibebKoroCHo;i,apebKiix po- 
6iraHKiB — b liomiiiumbKiix JiaeTrax. Eoro;iyxiBCbKira HOBiTOBUii CTapocTa, 
H. GMaKOBCtKnfi, ocofajiBnu naKaaoa BCTanoBira r vm poCiTHHKiB ce- 
iSHCbKO-rocnoaapCbKo! npau,i pooViuii seHB „ot% Bocxoja jsfi saxo^a cojiHna" 
a 3a3HaienHHM, m;o ,.miKa.KM aaoacTOBKH, ctshkh h arHTanJH hii Bt Koem. 
ciyiiat hi j flOirycKSjOTCH" i nio .,BnnoBHue b Hapyraemn yKaaaHHtix'E b-b 
o&bftBJimw npaBH.i r i. 6yxyrb nmexiemo apecroBaHH u upnB;ieieHbi Kb aa- 
kohhoh oTB^TCTBeHHocTn". B hjm a;e Haitaai BCTaHOBJiHJinict, aa aroAOW 
a HOMinyrKaini (npo mo CKaaaim it caatot naiiaai), eiaBKH aapoGJTHOi H-iami 
(ara^aHHB Haicaa najtpyKOBaHO b opm'i]ia.ii — he poeilcLKiii mobi — 
b „Po(5. raaeTi" *. 290, 9. -repsim 1918.). 

Ta nafionr.iu Tna:Kiiair ,t,.isi po6iTHJiD,TBa i MO^HimiiMn ho cboix Ha- 
coDjpcas 6y.ni .atoKaj'TH ia HaBMiiCHe MacoBe HpHHHHeuHH KaiuTnjieTaaii 
»pan,i njjiol hhbkh (Jtaopio;, aaBOjps tu iihiuiix mgnpiexciB. IkeryBam'iii 

CBOK) c-Il.IV i H Toil ;i;e 'lar lie J10«ryBaH>1D. a6c03K>TK0 niflKnx 060Bfl3KJB 

Hi nepejt po6iTHJiu;TBOM, si nepej „Kpaea Ta r i,epxa.BOKi", npo mo TaK qacTO 
roBopiun Kaiiira.itfTii, Ko.m la Tpeoa Cyjio noiipuinTii yMOBH npan,i po- 
nrniiiKa. nyprpHearp iia eimiuLiucf. ni nepe r i Hn», Biiiauaw'm ,i,eeaTi;u, 
n thch 1 ! pooiTiniKiB Ha B\.[iiiyo, he roJio,THy ciepTt, i pyi'tiivio'iii eico- 
BOMHTOe SHITS Kpaio .ii,0KayTiiJiii i D.OBHBI iipiiiniHenHflM iipaui ni.uipiieacTB. 
JtoKayTH i upHiiimeHmi npanj ntinpneiBCTB innia.ioci, aapaa :i;e iricra tctl- 
MancbKOro nepeBopoTy. B uepmiii nojioBHHi TpaBHS b 6axMyTci>KOMT mmm 
lipniiiinii.-incb xean^HHH, niK-iiimiit aepKa.uauiii. ii.raiiie'iinm i BajiisHOnpo- 
Kii'nuii'i ii mini] 3aBo^H, r n;e apanKBaso oi.m 20 tiu-h'i po6iiHHKiB. To.u 
u; ciiuii Tpynieiai t iiHiui amojsfi B KaTepHHOCiaiti, HOHHSCS fftosayr i aa- 
KpiiTTH iaiia:e bcix nijiTipHeMCTB b CjiasaHCbKy na XapKiBmiim, iihm bh- 
hii.ia.ioer, na nv.innio 'nn/a'iu poolzHHiaB. Te caae po6raoc& Ha 'lepmiiiB- 
nuuri Ta b iifliiiiix jipojiiicjioBiix panonax. npo ^ipanjo" b hjm naupHJii 
KamTajicriB na 'le[(iiiiriBiniini KOMicap iipaui x iepHnriBCbKoro paioay 

*) 3»eHMiiejiiis iuaTni 3aai3Hii3HHKaji ianaiio ce6e sijiyxu thb 6ojno»in;e. 
mo pofiiiHHKB aaai3UJin,b B;i;e idauta mjchuLb 3obcSm lie Oji;epa:jBaau ir-iaini. y bia- 
iioBisB na 3neHtnieDHa naaim na 3a3i3Hiin,inc no>ia,iuci cito'iatKy oKpeai cipaiiKii, 
aid BOTia Biuaajinci. y BeUBfli BceyKpaiHCBKiift 3a.ii3no^opo5«Huii eipafiis (b cepesuHi 
.lunaa). ^o peiii, otpaSn Bi^6yBBjnct b n.i aicHi;i ne rijiiKB na iaiimupa, aae 
urnpoKOio iBBjieio po3ij.iaaHCi, no Bcifi yKpa'ini, aaxonnEiun pisui raayai lopry 
i npoMiiLMOBoCTii. TeTiJiaHeBKUH yjya.i, iie 3Baacaio>iii Ba caifi cynopi aaio^u, He «ir 
npiijiiiunin n,if'i lou.ii cipaiiKiB. 






48 



n. IleTpOBCbKufi iini'nB CJliajtOTe ii rjinjii u(JiLii,iiii[iji ,u>i;.ia.i,i jifl >ii- 
iricTpa npaui (b -repsm 1918.): 

„Ha lepmiriniuniii na<5epeTbcs .iiirae fiO*/ e npau,ioio'im pofiiTiniiiin. ilKpin 
saHana^y nponncioBoeTit iepe3 fipas cnpisniu 1a najnsa ia Mini si^om oOciaBiiHH, 
fieapotfiiTa iiiaTpmiyioTi. caul BjiacnnKH, asi nopiBannt'i 
cspist nposecTH jiiOKayTH 3 sctuio 3hhihiitk penojion,iiiiii 3j,o6ttkh 
poiJJTnMKiB. JlnaKiue iriaK ne "noaiua suasaTR noBej,cuun upoMiicioBniB, aKi opfaui- 
■.iiiDano Biftaoii.uiK'Tiii'a miKonyBaTn icTnyioyi saitOHJi Ta poanopajvKeiins ypssy A e H>- 
xaBii 110 pofliTiiuioay nuTaoaiu. A cane: casouaacuo .iisiiiiy»Ti niji,- 
JipiifiMCTBa, uopyuiyioTt. kO;ii:kthbiil ysoBu, nwwtBJKTb u.iaTiiin pnOiTHiiKaa, 'os- 
MOB.jHJOTi>cfl 6pa«i y^acTJ. y npimiipiiKjmix Kasepax Ta TpeTciktKux eyjas, ycoBTDn 
3 nocaA pofiiraHKiu, ocodjmao ijreniB $aSpOTHO-saBOjl,CbKHl KosiTeria, He BH3a~aK>Ti, 
ia ifaopyiOTt ni Boaiiera, nojiyiuyioTh satum npo 8 vox. po6, jibfii. is name.* 
(„Po6. Tas." <t. 299,21. 'iOpBna 1918.) 

r Uui inoo b ,T,oK.Tati;i mpmBBimsBB gtaopHK ra uaBojpB, aid iipunii- 

Hiuir npanjo.*) 

He jinBHO ora;e, mo ipaGpn^io-aaBOjchKa upoiuHcioBicTb Ha YKpulHi 
ilijKOM aaBitepaa, eKOHOMiraie aoiTTa Kpaio 3pyiiHyBa.TOCJ> b camix cboii 
ocHOBiix, apaiin (5eapo(iiTHHx spocaa £0 He'iynaimx ;i,o toto lacy posuipiB, 
a paaoM 3 umr apocia crpaimia nyac^a b poOi'minnx nacax, aanaHTBaB 
qap-roxOR. 

Ilia, Kfflcn,& TpaBKa craTHcriiKa GeapoGiTHiix, no /t,aniTX urificbKHX 
fiipa; npaui t;i ho nmunx jpcepeiiax. BHKaayBaira aiinyroii intra (oepeio 
Ix a jcoKJia^y ,Viia]iT;oi. Pporaaj;. P06. iipu Minier. llpani): 

Khib. — Ho jtaasx Bipad Hpanj: MeraaieriB SOS, Repeats 
otfpoCminciB 268, ckcMtorocaoflapctKBi 220, iopHopo6>mx 1.983, Oyvpn- 
nn<iHX 504, iHTeairtHTiB i KOHTOpmuriB 975, penrra 234. Baraawie hhcuio 
feapooiTHHX b Khjbl, EMxmxmiipxi 8 nunuix r T,a;epejt, 15.000. E e p a b- 
»ijb — ■ sctoro 3apei'icTpoBaHo Bipsam 1'Ipan.i feipofiiTnnx 1.160 (ueTa- 
.iie™73, ji,epeBo-o6poQinui:iB 57, 'lopHOpoGoinx 107, 6\,pBHiifiix 95 i t. ,1 I, 
3ara.11.i1e iiic.io (iespooiraux, EKJnoiaBraH jpni 3 imunix flxepeji, 2.500, 
lii.ia-n.ep kb a — aaraswie ihcjio deapoCiranx 600 (b incjii ix Me- 
'ra.iicriB 94, ,i;epeBO-o6po6m,. 36, Cy^iBHBiux 29, tiopnopo6o'inx 28): 
KpeneH l iyK — BCtoro aapericTpoBano Bipxaini l[pai;i OeapoGrrmix 
7.629 (b i nfCJii ix: BteTaaicriB 944, 3,epeB(K)0poiMi);iiKiB 280, Cy^iBHH'iira: 
738, HopnoporjoHnx 3.410), :tai'a.itHe thcto CeapoGiTHnx, Biciioiajora ^aai 
a nHnrax 3,;f:epe.i, 8.000. BnHiiiiD;fl — no Rasnx Bipac Ilpani, iSeapo- 
Cmmvs. 1.392 (neTa.'iicTLB 132, TOpHopoflo'mx 378, GjpxBapaa 113), aa- 
rajitne iitCvio 6e3po6iTimx. BOHraioiii j&m b iihiuiix ^sajpe.i, 2.500; 
]Tpii:ryiii[ — aarajitne miaio 6espo6ifSSi 4.000. KarepnHocja n 

— Bapei'icrpoBaHO Bipatara lTpiiu;i Geapo^mmx 13.427 (ueTa;iiCTiB 1.2 lit. 
sepeBO-oGpoOiHiiKiB 291, Cy^iBHU'mx 2.000, lopHopotfouix 5.100), aartuian' 
iircjio 6e3po6iTHnx, msasmsim ^am b mnnux jaep&j, 40.000: lep- 
KacH — BCtoro 6eapo6ixHxx 2.500: Ibidi i iiobit- — Bcboro (»•■■■- 
po6iraiix 5.000; Mapiyno.Tb -— iscbovo oeapo6i™nx 3.000; JlyraHCtK 

— Bcwro oeapoCiTHnx 5.000: Bvaziyi — Betoro CeapoCiTnux 2.500; 
lifpaaHCLK — BCboro 6e3po#riuix 2.500: Pa^oMncjib — bcloto 

*) Ilicaa n,boro ^oKJiaay n. IleipoBCBEoro 6yao 3Biai>BeH0 (nai;;i- 
^om no liniciepciBy) 3 noca^n. 



4!t — 



CespoGiTFKX 5.000; Pi BHe 2.000: ,1vh,lk-- 1.000; HpocKypiB 

1000; MHKoaala -- 24.01)0: o'^eca -- 20.000; Xapeoa 
25.000: XaptKiB — 25.000; HiaiHH -- 1.000: lepHiiriB — 
1.000; 3ar;i.ihiir ncio (JespoOiTHJix b nepeiiicteHHx 
iivhkt;ix — 180.600. 

Bi,T,oaocTii n,i ,i,ii.ii'i;u se hohiil : GaremtKo aporacnoBHi uyiomB, jsp 
'Uicio Geapofirnnix caiuio bciiikiix positipiB, tvt 3obc1m OBynyjHo (K.i hhh i. 
(/.i ;iB!Uioj, k i t. ,!,.), B iM j [)t"inc;ieHHX npKiax CTaTHCTHKa He ooxdim.ia 
BCBoro qncia deapoGirnHX. Iliairime i rac.io (ieapoOiTEHX, b aBHaicy a ato- 
KavTaini i iipiniinieHHsiM iipanj ni,TjipHCHCTB, apocio me HyacBe. Po(iiTniiii,™n 
ini'iii.Ki SyKBaaiHo rojio^yBaTH. 

EtopecnoHii;eHT .,Po6iTHHHOi FascTu" imcaB 3 KaiepifflocJiaBa 
upo cTiiniimiinc Tan potfixEngEBa: 

„KaTepiiJio<.:j]aBi.-LKe pooirnnnrBo naxo.i.ini.a[ u naiiTnac'ioiiv himojkchhio. Hi 
o.liin ,'uiMapt sc Kypurt nn 'jnc-ieuniix (Jiafipiiicax Ta aanciax. KapTHHH b pouiTUUHnx 
KBapra-iax cbocio jkhttloboio apKicTW iiepeBaataJOTt anaaeniiri napiicn Eafejitca npo 
noxosessa poGiTHimol k.iscii b Anf.ii'i. CupaBxitiii ro.to/i; bjhb poofrnHKa. Ilpoieta- 
pim, m,o win: iot Ma.ieHLKiiil 3bh;sor a ee.ioa, ikae Ty£H, m.06 xoi ;khbhm 30CTaTi[ct. 
.1 TaK He TUTtKH b KaTepirnocjiaBi, a Fi no ni.iiil Katepiuioc3aBm,nui, ocofcuiBo 
ii pai'ioni KpiiBOpiaiKOMy. PyjtHHKK it fliaxTH iioaatonaioBaiio, npoM»cJioBn,i poOJiarh 
rbbtbI cafioTaa;, adit tijiikh BHMoptmi poflirutiitiB PoaOROi." 

•iBii'iafmo. sagBB^eae jifiOMCjwteu a KaTepHHOCJiauv ^BHsopjoBaaaa 
po5iTHi[Kin TOvTO^OM'' ][pOBa r iB.tu KanHaaicTH no Beiii yxpafki Ha poCir- 
mi'iiis i;irn;ax iiOHB dyaysaiH cnii"i xoopotfyr: aaaHafliim xOJiojjy it riuiuy. 
poaoHTe i BHuy'iPin' potfiTEHBTBO jtaio iiisaime ;jpo<3nxMCb „c.Tyxiffliiir!>r. 
xaato aoro^HTHCB Ha. imirrax'n yxoBfl npani, na BaiROBJaml poCitbiimjih 
;ient i na tia ft arinept rimy aapoOMHy voshbb — u&oro xoTijrn ^ocarra Kairiia-'ricTii 
CBOi'Mii JUiOKayTiiiwi, iacoBHi* npHniiKt'HHfls npani <J>a6piiK, aaBoiiB, B&icTe- 
peEb, KonaiPHb. 

Ilpn Tasii CHCTeiti BLiMopmBaHHa upoje'rapiaTj, lipH oCcTaBimax. 
kojh cotkb raca'E poCiTninrii! txjtfm (Sea poCom, rowio^yio'iH i flapetrao 
Mnpiiyiu'iii cbok) cH.'iy, He BOVKua Oy.m, :iiiii<i:iiuio, fi ,\ynaTH npo po3BHTOK 
eKOEOXBEBOFO XBTtSl i:|i;ii'Nll, npo Bi^pO^flllia UpOXBtiXOBOCTH, apyftnoBaaoi 

poKftHH BifiaH, npo mo .uin,eMipno aa.'rR.ia.in KaniTaaicTH he cboix s'ls^ax 
■ni I'caepa.t Cr;(>pc.iiia.:i ) ci.i:im »i enoli ypflJO* b rpaMOTax, ^eiuiffpai^ifH, 
posMOBax 8 ;i;ypiia.iicTasu. Cflcresy .ihOKayTiB i aaEpaum nijpipBffllCTB 6yia 
€,t;]ihohi „TKf)|niii*TKi" KauiTajicTiB b odaacTH ipaopinrao-naBOjcbKOi iipoMiic- 
.tOBOCTH, Ha ni.n.iiH' icaiiiTaaicrii nc cnpoMoraacL ; aaBrtaHHa 6opoTi/m 
a 3ara.TLH0K) eiconoMii'iiioio pylHOH), BaB^aBBS Eanaro^EeBBB rocEOsajworo 
auiTTa Kpaio bohji ne Hor.in BHKonaTH i He BiiKOBajin. PyiiHyroiu eKoao- 
iBBBe sbttb J'irpaiHH, BOHii r i,(5ajni tlieku npo jpi piin: KaaeHBi cyO- 
ejr.T;ir. ;i;o ararx iuuibhhb Ix dapnir napc&Bxl ypa.u ra BpoA^opr'aBiaaitJKi 
iipo.ie'rapiaTa roaojoa 3 meToio 3anpoBa^Keimii He'iyBaHoro BHBDCEy poSiT- 

HNh'lR,*) 

*) ilaiOftH, HaMiiBHi BpaanTD.iicTBOaHenip. Paffii win 6opottCn 3 GetpoOinsi* 
— t'praniaania rpoMaxctKax pooii, Bi^noBJiOHHa npani nisnpneBCTB, mo npHMiflHJiuci, 
iiWic Bifina i t. a., — Cyan, 8DM-jauB0, u.i:iKoa irtopoBaai npaEBT&SiCTBOi noni- 
nuiKiB Ta KamTaaHTiii. Ti.itKH ho b cepe f tHHi cepiraa Paja MisicTpiB^ yiBajiHJia „ahh 
uiftxpnuaaiia: CeapoOiTHnx opfaHisysaTit rpoHaACiKi poOoTif" i acitaysajia na H» 
enpasy Heie;niKy cyiiy a Koiuiis ^epHtaotHOi cKapCHBiii. 

if ik'tkjk. IcTopi« peiojKmi'i, III. 



— 50 — 



8. floMiinHUbHa „3eMejibHa petpoptia", HaTyBaHHH ce/iaHCTBa i ce- 
/idHChKi noBCTaHHfl. 3aBopyiiieHH!i cepej, ce.iHHCTBa nona-iocb 8 wy bh- 
,r,aHiT![ Biftonioro naKaay tea. Afrxropiia b aeaejibniii cnpasi, skiim HOBepTa- 
.loca noMiuyiKiB b dyBiui fxm muctkii. CKacyBaHHH i poaroH terny. L'i;opi>- 
naji;cbKBM 3eaeJti.Hnx Komiem aoesyacHSH raaioi jpa 3araai>Horo bob- 
ciaaEH Tpy^OBOro eiUHiiCTBa Ha N't-paitri. He; BBazajDHH na ie, iu> 
i ^pymfi: BceyKpaiBctKiitt CeoflHctKBii 3^8fl (poairaaHiift reTMaaoM) 



]S,o xapaKTepuciHKH eKOHoau<uioi uojIthkh reiLaaHetKoro ypasy Tpeoa j.o^aTii 
Tyi me KijjBsa oia npo neauKy eKciwioaiauLB yKpa'iHii Hmn,a]tu ia aBCTpiun,siau, 
any bohh npoBa^Mu ua oiai, a nacoa i sa xonoaoroio reTiaanctKoro ypajty. llo- 
iiepuie, Hiaui b!1bo3H.iii 3 yKpa'inn fiaraniKO pixsnx TOaapia, fiiipianiu i xaiua, pCK- 
BisoBaHHi y Hace.iemis, 6ea Hta,n,Horo nispaxyHKy. Temenn,™ ,3.0 raKoro poay 
„T0Bapoo6aiiHy'' Hinn,i fl aBCTpifini bdhbiuii 3apa3 a;c no iicTyni na Tepmopiio J'k- 
pal'HB, aae ypas HempajiiHOl Pajn piinyie noBCiaB npOTB iiBoro, iipnrpoaHUttm 
pisKHUMU ycK.ia,T,nennait b paji caaoBLULnoro uuBoay TOuapia 3 yKpa'inn. FeTLaanctKe 
npaBuieatcTBO, HacTasiOBaene caanan HiaHaau, ^asajio In b n,ia Bi^onicBuio Be- 
.iHKy CBofio^n'. Ilo-apyre — reTLaanctKiiii ypn;i saiLiioiaB 3 Hisn,naii hbho neBii- 
rinni saa yapalHii $inaneoBG-eKOHoa]mHi a,orOB0pB. Qepjnm rataia jioroBopoa (Sy.ia 
iaK asaHa „(J>inancoBa yro,ja yKpa'iim 3 U,eHTpa.-ii>nHan .JJ.epacaBaan'*, san-iic^ena 
18. TpaBna 1918. m,e npu ypa;u UeuTpaamoi PaRH Hiau,i lipoiioitynajiii spoonm 
yKpa'ini no3tfiKy s toh cnoci<5, no >'HP aajia npox&ffi UenTpaatUHH ^epacanaM 
cboIx cepifl Ha 400 jri-iionis Kap6oBann,iB Ba .lyase neBialanui yaoBai, mo, apeni- 
tojo, noBepiajio cnpaBy na iiosh'ikj neBBO'i cyan yspalHoro UenipaaLHaa Jlepxa- 
naa. Cnpajsa u,a po3ranaa.Taci. T0,i,i b ftBox ypa r T,OBHi Koaiciax (nu roiioBysauBas 
B. M a 3 y p c u k a, a noiiit CoKO.ioBctKoro); nepina arojDKysagiaci npo^aTn 
I],eHtp. JtepacaBaa yKpainctKiu cepifi TiatKii na 200 mi.i. Kap6., 3 yaonoKi, ni;°<5' • 
yKpaiiicLKosiy ypajosi uy.io Biijaiio roTisKoio aa n;i cepi'i hbi TpemBn 11 BapiocTn, 
H& 6-10 133'/ a aia., a Il,euip. ,Hep;KaBH nponOBj'Baait rijitKH 100 ai.iioHiB, penna 
x naaa aeiKaTii Ha CijKy^oJty paiyHKv b oanKai ll,eHTp. ."^epaiafl ; na u,ioay i po- 
'jiuaiaiiCB ; jpyra Koaicia Biianaaa, mp BiAAaBBTii tiafliTA i /. i (He d-10 66'/,, ai.'i. Kap6.) 
cepifi wa yaoBHHii fiiatyirf paxynoK Hchtiuumthm ^epsaBBJI neBHri3.n0 sjb yKpainH. 
i aoBcia spisjiacb bja yxBaau nje'i onepan,i'i, aaana^nsiaii, nw onepau,in b cym pi^u 
aBOflUTLca ^0 iiojii'Ikh uc yKpa'ini, a HaBnann — yspalHOD HeHTpajtHna HepiKanaa. 
reTtHaaciJKBfi ypaj,, aaoyit, 13 Bsa'inocTii 3.0 Hian,iB 3a posroH HeHTpajLiioi Paflii 
apaay uiuios Ha yctynKU : irianncafl joronip ne Ha 200 aia., a na 400 aia. itapC, 
a THJt, mo yKpaina janajta HenT]). ^epacanaa roiiBBOJO na 400 aia. Kap6. yipalH- 
ctKHi cepifi, a coCi opaaa 3 mis roiinKii jinuie na 200 aia. ; spyri ac 200 mix 
MajiH aeiEaiH yMOBHO b SaaKai II,enipa.!itHui J^epataa, a6o, nnaKrae B&xy^X, „0ara- 
Tuii" reTfcaaBCLKiiB ypsij hosiihiid „6isHiia u UcnTp. S^pacaBaM 200 aia. Kapij. 

IliaHiuie (10. BepecHg) Gy.io aaK.iHi'ieno hobhh ToproBeaiHHB ^oronip yjepa- 
Tsb. a IJ|eHTp. JlepataBaiiH, cipOKoa p.o 1. .lunna 1919. Bria;HO utoay jorOBOpy, i3 
3ara.iBHoI kmmoctu Bpoa:a» TiatKH 65% na.™ .'imuHnici Ha yitpalHi, peutia ;e 86°/o 
— (Siaa 10U six nyjtB) aaaa Cym BUBeaena no lleHTpaaLHiii heparan. Kpia TOro, 
3 yKpa'iHu aaan biiboshthcl CHpiBH,i — xyjiofia, aaxopKa, pyaa, aeiaan i t. h. Ila 
J'Kpalay aajra Gyrn niiimcseni roaoBHiia ^uhom ciJitCBKorocnoAapciKi aanniHu. Aae 
OMaHHe lijitKH iaK Hucajoct, a ^BHaoBaaaoCB" imaKuie. Cnpaaa Oyjia b Toay, mo 
li.ir.ciKorocno^apniKni Maninn i caMa Hiae<i"jHBa e tou nac He aaaa. 3aaien;b 
c.-r. MaraBH, Hian;i neajn na yapaxny BHHa, kohlhkd TO-mo. HasiTt i Ta ncBe-inaa 
KiatKiCTL c.-r. ManiiiH, asy 6yno npHB63eHO Ha ynpamy 3 HiMei<MHH na noKas, He 
aorjia 6yTH BHBopacTaHa : aauiHim 6yan jiyate uoranoro BHpofiy i Maaa Ha^aiinailni) 
bhcoki n,iHK. 

3'oKpeaa aawiyroaye Ha yBary xna;anLKa rocnojapKa $iHaHCOBoro Bijuday 
Co»3a npoaaciOBniB, ToproBnJB, OanKnpiB i noMimnBin (HpoTO^iicy). Ha niacTaei 
aoKyaeHiiB, aasonjieunx nicaa iiOBajiennn reTBaaHntann, ^PoCiiTHa^a PaaeTa" (i. 426, 
2. dm 1919., daTTa „IIpoTO(Jiic][i.ia i '> no^ajia iaa i^omocth npo h,k> HiajiLnicTt : 

„ro.iOBHy poaio y ,11 p t $ i c i' r P lu ll V J,cTaBnnKii ,<]? i' ceo-TO $i- 
BKBda. He (Syaa Min,no 3finia (pyna pociiicLKHi CaBKic yirpan-iiaHa hbhx, Buraani 



51 



i [Temp. KojtiTi'T YIICP iiocTanoRii.iH i 3aK.iJiKa.-iii ceaancTBO ne podnni 
cenigfflTinn mii-ryiiiH, flKi moimii 6yra 6ea Bejiincoro ippy :i;ayiBeiri m- 
m.'iii.kiim niircE.KOM, e TpaBui Miami Boa yKpaiHa ropua b orm noBCTam: 
ropiJffl irojamiiqLKi iraeTKH, iiUnn.iem ceMHCTBOM, ropijin cemnctKi cejia, 
iii tiiii.ieni nijii'UbKOio apTiuepieio. 



.-. Qeieptiypty, npirixa.111 j;o Kitlaa. JUp oKnafijieaaa TepnaHniB nepma cKpnnKa 
"is fpyui ,<1' i' flaaeatsuia npeacTaBBHKOBi ,PyccKaro jpa Bntntneft loproiijn Banna' 
[i ocofex it. n. A ° ° P ° r ° ' K p 11 .1 it 't e b c i k o r o,_ ajte kojih Hiatii CyjiH p03- 
•Onii, ,11 p oto <p i c', po3yaiioiii, mo noaiTutna ,TJjtJiLnicib aajiacTLca rojiOBMH yc- 
jiBa'a ycttiiy Bcix floro iihwhi onepaniii, BnpiwnB KepyBatnia njfflc aiajinktio ne- 
pejaia sewacHO Hiimifi tpjui, i;CTpa onipaeTtca na Kaniiai anfjiBcbKax 6aHKiB, ra- 
j,aKnn, mo Ta fpyna nonce' ata-rii iioaifitHny Bary. IIwTaaH a: jlux utoro nv.ni fan. 
lUe b 1!)L7., na I'lo'iaTsy peaojionii, b ITcTepoypsi aopraaiayBascs xerJacao euiumcar 
a antjiiicbKux nam ra.iicTiB, jjctoio anoro fly jo — KyiriB.ia nyKposapeui, yspalflH, hoho- 
iio.ii.iauisi ii|if'MiR'.ioBocTa i 3aOe3.ne>ieHBa BiftttoBunnit seuciiHiisi (Johrom n,boro ni,n- 
npueMCTBa .i.™ .ta.ibiiioro poauaTKy. rojtOBorc CHH.iHKaTy ctsb GanKip Shi; ue 
Hto*y tianoBi flyao ne3py<ino fly™ na loai cxxjuHtary, i itcpe3 to Ha fioro xicn.e 
6y*o nociaBieno nucruifiiy itiifypy — K. I. aponmciKoro, nana s cjtibori 
caaBCHB b ijiitTancoEHi Koaax. Ha iMn HpoimmciKOro Gyao Kynaexo aKn.ii aaso^iB 
ra fiaiTKiii, tepea KOTpi npouajB.iaca onepanji no $ixaHcyBaHHK>. Tan cnpaBa Gyaa 
aaiiine aoBcin Haaaroj.;i;eHa ; Cyan sanjaaBaem Bi^aoBi^Hi ypa^oai KOJia uocajaan 
n ynpasax GaxBiB i najaqeio BeaiiKaiiaGapiB. CHHinn,ipyBaBHa iiobubho Gyso Gym 
uepenexexo roaonnna 'iiihom iepe3 ,Pycc«iiiToproBO-ripo«timaenHii|i 
Bail 1 , axe, aaajxiiu GoabineBHtibuoxy nepeBopOToni, u,eii li.iaa ae Gys 3,o,iHCHCHHH 
b lleiepGypai, i ueaip Barx 6y« nepeneceso na J r Kpa'iHy, b KhIb. Ciojn iicpe'ixaaii 
ynpauii BiAnoBiOTitx CaaKia i ni.inpuescTB.TyT xapairrep ttas opiaai3aniu nepexianBca.,. 

.llpoioijplo' notaxae BOiUBara na no.iiTiiKy rctaancLKoro ypa^y b CaacaaiM 
eije nan|inKi. llijosta aaiiHCKa 1 ' iiinicTpia 6yja upuaHKTOBaua ae fiaacaiiBaM 
:;iiaJiTii ciioi'S') inipo;jysiHHH a ,Hep:KaBaain iirOAM, a rojtOBBHM anaox thm, ra,o $iHaH- 
t-OB*i Ko.ia njiarayan no Toro, ntoo ne Banyciitra yKpatnH si c^iepn rnoro many, 
]>osyiiKi4ii r ioope, mo casoeriiiHa yi;paiua aarpoxyna-'ta ix ne Ti/ibKii BTpaToio nojii- 
"rii'inoro Bn.TUBy, ajie fi auaiaaaB Maiepinabuaaii DTpataan. Ilkjia Toro an Hiani 
.iaryOn.il! CBoe anaiinnn i }~ps\ CKopoiiajCbKOro CTaB ir|>ona, , tHTii pyci$ii;aTopcbK_v 
ito.tiTttKy, ,IIpoio$ic' a o Cub en 3aKoay apo igimiaiHi jiBc- 
iiii yiinnEDiaxeit aeTepCypsLKni yiipanaisi. I(ei ukob 
« d i S iii o b c h ,11 p o t o <p i c y' 500.000 k a p 6., a k i fiy.u jiOpani 3 ynpaB 
i[eTf]iuy]i3iuui iJaBKJB i Bimiaiiii BniHaiFm ypmoBm* w i n i- 
■c t e p c t u a (Ji i n a a c i b. ^pyrow noGuoro JlpoTO^ica' oyB ,io3bij[ bkbobbth 3a 
Kopjoa rpooti, mo aaaajo MoaaiiiBicrt noKaiiiiHTn i aarvuimi eMicioauy siajitaicib 
Jtep;i;aBitoro Busy. 3 Mcuemy nepesoja KepoBnnn,TBa b ,>!> i' 3,0 aaJjiuebKOi 
rpyna nan HpouiiiacbKuii uponajitTi, ijiiTiancoBy AiaaiHicit 
a caiayioiHi paiKai: peajijyiTtiCH Beinaa KijiLKicTt ^ i k- 
t it b it it \ uinnocieit i KOBflinaitiit i b n p y <i e x i r p in i (bhoah nepes 
niaoTaauv ocofiy) BHB03aTBca 3a Bopx.au b lyxoseisi SattKn. 
Tll.iaxoa caxm iHrsncBBtiitx laflapis b xinicTepcwas. roaoBniut tiHitoji y BiHcLKOBiat 
ra npoxoaonLiix, 0Aep:t:yx>Tbca nijpa^ii, noctaBKtt, 3axoB.'teHBn u nnnie, nno.i,i 
aoitcix Miitnt'itti ; BHRaroTtca Be.mteaHi uBancit ii aeifBOBKii, i ace n,e pouUTboa 3 flep- 
■aiaBBoro BaxKy, 3 TaKO'i Kpitnimi, g jikoi, aiaBajocb, xoacna tepuaTii 6e.3 i;iiiu.a. 
"TaKHM 'iirnnx, 3a KopotKHi'i lae AepiKaBaaii KaxoK Baqeptiaii bck> cyxy 3.03Bo.ieHO'i 
noxy exicii ; r]>otni iiim.in scbumo Kyffn, 30Bcia ho aaanraHBaiH ejujiy b napozaix 
rociio.;api:Tni. Ill, 6 o $ p M a t it 3, i a .1 b x i c 1 1 C a 11 x n k a t y b c n e- 
cy.HTimai cjpnai i na*™ bcio.xm cboi Bi^iiJiH, H p at it 11 c 1 k it 11 
Bt.TiHnaa ,11 i a: n a p 1 a e Tpanenop.iHO CtpaioBe Ba- 
paHTHe ToaapaciBo' (Tpaacsap). Uje ToBapacrBo posBHsac neauteaHy 
cneKy.iaTnBay ToproBaw, tojiobehx <nittox xap^oauxH iiposyRiaxH. HI,o6 nomapHia 
iioro ouepani'i, afeHtx ToaapitcTBa aanJKaBjjojoTb HiseHbKe UeflTpajitae 3aji:()inii- 
1] pauatnuji y KhIbi i xiniciepcTBo xap^OBni cnpaB. tiiabmfcih napajiB, nepeB030K 



— 52 — 



■ 



rtepiiiiii eTyinie.M noiiinMn;i>KCM>j*pa;yw8i[oro iip:iBUTe.ii>cTBa b Beaera- 
Hia cnpaei Gy-io (nicin reTtManci,K0l rpaMora i ochobhhx „3aK0irifi u ) bh- 
,i,asm (b ito.iomnii rpaBHa Kicmrji 1918.) „TnMiacoBirx apaini.i 
upo BCTanoB-ieHnu i lipe^MeTH BijouciBa i'yuepn- 
cfcKiis i uobitobjix aeKeJtHHx Kosicifr." Iliejia n,ns opasfti 
KOMicii 3acHOByBa.Dicb no Bcix i'y6epHi?ix i iiOBrrax J'Kpai'Hii i maan 
npaujOBaTH ,,iri;i. i;epoBHHU,TBOM JtiiiicTpa XJiitfopotfcTBa* 1 . Cf:i;i;i 3i'miui.iiiix 
Komicifi BCTaHOB.]H)BaBcn uliKOH noMimimtKO - GtopoKpaTircniiii, a jomuukokv 
ceaaHCbKol KypKyjibsL B poaajai I „IIpaBHJi u uiiTaejio upo n,e: 

„a) Upojiciiaie-ia Koxicil 3exe.if.Hux cnpan iiaaHanac xinicrp i.iioopoiJciBa ; 
xaji b CK-iaj, Koiicii Bxo^,flii> : 

6) ptoc cTaJHx upe^cTauiiiiKiB nix aticuenoro co»3y B.iacnHKia i ElifiopofliB, 
B »icnHi, p& « KijitKa upJaHi3au,iii xaiGopoflin-iuacniiKiB, Koacaa opiam3inia nocu.iatr 
b Konidio iro ABA CTamix upe.icTaBHHKH ; 

b) cTa.mil irpe^cTaBHiiK ey^oBoro Bi^oitcTDa, iro pociiopajixoHino xiaicTpa 

K)CTBU,ii ; 

r) cTa.intt npejcTaBHUK Bin aexcusoi ynpaux ; 

j) BOJiocuHii cTapuiisiia auo tipe.],ci,i»Tejt Boaocao'i 3eaci.KoI ynpaBii th-I bo- 
.ioctii, skoi TopKatTLCB poBMHjtaua ciipaaa, i npejcTaBniiis ,'iicaoro BiftoaoTBa ; 

e) ucflaTBiiii incnemop, no npiiima'ieuHio yupaB.iajoiyro Kaseauoio Ba.iaroio." 

Hi noxiiUJLO,i.KO-oiopOKpaTii4Hi KOMicii Jia.ni MjianHiuaTJi ,.u<> npa- 
BH.iax, BCTanoBJicmix r i;:[fl GyBiimx seMJieycTpitmutiiiix BOKeifi" -;n. napci.i.nv 
naciB. BoHir Ma.nt ..RiiKOBynaTM oCobjiskh Ko.Limiirix yctaH»B uo cexaa- 
ctKUM i 3eM.ieycTpoiTiui.HJj3i ciipaBaa, iiepeAtiave&nx OKpemiM .vwitkom jo 
t. IX cb. aaK. BB3,aH. 1912. i t.Xi. 3. Toro ;i; ch. sag. BHflflSHH 1912/ 
B poa,a,iJii IV ,,HpaBn.r' nepeiiicieito Oeuuocepe^m o6obh3sh uoBiTounx 
:jeBe;itHHx KOHiciii;.ii 1 e neperacJiemra ucnpaBO BKaayB&ao, ami tcoro TBopn- 
.iiiCH hobi ycTanouii i mm isrepeeas boiiii nniiinmi 6jm <-.i y;i;irrii. 
FJ ct. 13. UJ>or<> [n>;:;u.iy l iHTa«MO : 

„rioBiTOBiiM 3e»e.ii.Biii k o x i c i a x jopj'iitTicn: 

a) nojepnjn BaacnHKa«(B nepmy lepry ^piflmm x.ii6opooax) Ii 
lasaficiBa, npn his, ko:ih iionaiouKTLca, xoxicii aiepitwuci 
3a sonoMOroio no rytfepaciKHi i hobitobhi rcioi; 

6) noaorru BJiacuiiKasi cpii oupaiyBxy bcuuhhh iihue crpai, a lasoa n o- 
fiyaHTB uccieim so AoCpoBiatHoI sunaiH po3iCpaHoro maiiHa 
ra 4,0 ^oupOBui.noi'o nonOBHeuns ctpai; 

b) BE)>imaTH neuopoayKLHHH Mia: uiiacitiiKasfl i itace.ienHnM npn BHKopiieTOBj*- 
BanHW nociBiB na ^yaufi, caKOButHO saioiieHifi afio no po3tiopa,VKeiiHio ok-ai;oBa- 
hhi 3ejieflKBiii yiipas, 30M.ii i t. r." 

I! po,r,:ii.ii V ..IIpaBua" r T,opyia.TOCb fydepHCtKiiai iepTe;Kiiii.n yera- 
uoBaM „b nepiuiiH o6ob«3ok Bii^aTii BaacHHEasi BCTaH0B-reni Kpiiiocni akth 

i K0*6iHan,ifi b o$in,ifl.iiHi khh™ lie :iaHOTnayBa.ioct. TonapiicrBo yxUfanio n ticirnfi 

3BH30K 3 KOHcyALCMHXH Iipe^CTaBBHKaalt yKp&'iuil 3a KOPAOHOM i ,13.10 illCTpTICnil Jtfl- 

nosaraTii cuH^HKaTuBi. 

iia Bci Hi cneKyjiHu,ii Jlpotorfjiic' Bij^fl'tmici! reitaaucLKOMy ypa^OBi n toh 
cnocifl, mo, ko.'ih reiisiaHctKHJi HiniuTpa)! i castouy CKoponajicLKO«y AOBe.ioca riKaTM 
B Kaiea. .][pOTnij)iu' sa3;(ajeriiB nepeBiB 3a Kop^on b CTOKro;ii>x rpomi ^tb ypH.iy. u 
,Do 3ro^i » itiieHbKOio ujia,noio, — qHiaesto b „Pofi. TaacTi" — nepecnJKy 
rpomefi (jyin reiiMaHCiKiii jiiiiicipiM) aopyieno Oyjio ocoGjbbhm Kypepax. 3a ociaflBi 
•men Tj r i,ii Biuuauo Oyjio Oi.ia 20,000.000 KapOoB., J jikhsii BHi'iaa (iyBiuul saiub- 
bmk retisiaHCiKoro utxafiy feaep. A k k e p x a h. - ' \ 




i joKyiieHTH." SaaHaienuM b „JI pa h n .1 a f seneatHHi KOricias cKaco- 
Bani cejiHncbri aemiiui KomrreTii .xa.ni. tap, sarpoaoso cyeopnx irap, a^aro 
Bci choI cnpaEH n Bwnmr. 

JIk oVihmo, HasejeHi JIpaBu.ia" ue Ti.n,j;a ntfaaiayBaaa ochobhi 
wish afixropnoBctKoro n aeaejn.uoro aafcoHy", aae it poaBHBMii Ta uo- 
rjm6M>iiiLiu i'x. JloiinuiKaar HasasaaoCB jci'a.n,ue upaBO bkxb&tii ,vni 
o6opoHH cboIx MaeTKiB BiicbKOBOl ciun, a TaKoac ^^CaTH 11 upo noBepHeiuia 
aaopanoro iri^iac peB0.nou,ii ce.umaaa Mailna i ^iioiioBueuna cpaT", iinaKiiie 
KasyiH — pocupuBaBcsr musiiml upocrip AXfl i;apmix eKcne,i,imiii npoTii 
ee-iaHCTBa i HaoajuHiui aa eeia HiiHM aeo(ke;KeHJtx KOBTpaoyaja na 
KopHCTt B6i r i,iri.[iix sa scac peBoatoBJi mainpniB. I iroifumiKB cKopacTy- 
Baanci. iput cboIw „apaBoai u hk uaiiKpame. IIo i iaaact> aaiaaaa.iia kohtph- 
6yn,iit i acopcroicnx eKaeKyajii, iioia.iucb cnpaBasra Cm 9 ceJuraaiH, 

II],e j,o !sii,i,aiin:i aasHaTOHOro Batcoiiy, a oco&thbo mean ni.oro, ivicp- 
aia.naii i iiOBiTOBi CTapocm ia KOMeiwaHTH mraanH ciltoki o^tfipaTH bU 
ceJiancTBa Bee Te laimo (3epiro, anapji^iH, xy^o% i t, 3,), ace iiepeaia.iu 
.1,11 .■t\[iinci,i;nx pys, BrisHO aaKOHaa i pocuopa;i^:eniBn ypaviy H,eHTpaabHOi 
1'a.t.a. HosriauiKii axoftazg b ,„cboI upaBa" b Mae-ficax, BijdupaioiH ae>um 
y ccthh BKViii a yposaei i njapaxosyio'a ^cxpata." Banyan Bee n,e, 
ce;iHHe uoia-ra BnnaeaTii ciHoara?H, oaomiHy xa apany na Oymaiix uaHCb- 
kiix -lauax, 10,06 xov Tatcim cnoeouoM, n BHKOpHCjarH" nK.ia;i,eny Ha aacia 
.mais npanjo i ho naaCH noMimiiKau cKopacTaTir 8 nel. Taid Bimacir i nn- 
menHfl aadBia i pyfoa .iicy Haopaja laiipocax poaxipiB na XepcorauiHi, 
KniBnyiai, IIo.rraBiniiHi i b aanrax ryoepmax. iloatiiaaira Kaayjiact r \o era- 
poCTis, KoaeH^aflriB, ^,0 casioro apasffireuttCTBa sa mMSSt^Boa BiilcLicoBoio 
r i,onoaoroio. Fnpasa cotoay aojiiiiuiKi k re.iei'paiJiyBaTa (17. V) 3 Oj;ecu 3,0 
]ta,in 1't'TbMaHctKux HinicTpiB : 

„CejiSBe, nepeAOaiaioiit ui^iupanuH uij mix aeseai, 3 ypoiKac*, hki uohh 
;iaiiiiB.(ii j;o nparo^y nyatojesuorij uiiiciua na yKpa'iffy, BHMHMOTO ua oixoatara 
il oauanny xy^ooy, ciapaioHHci. aaiinpiTii npoxaft [lOJuinmntKiix aeMe.it. He aarpojeyu 
Be.iHKua!i Hacii^Kaiii ^ns hijoto Kpaio i inKi^JiiiBO jiiaidtTUCH na xiifinoiiy Bimoai. 
Toay ynpaBa naciowc, m,aO 6y.ni BatHTO aoio^in b cnpaBi nIOpOHH aaciBiu dj.iiiiom 
poaicTasisa no n;iaoay Kpaio oKpcHiix aBCTpo-niatenitKHx Biw-iiB." 

A mo it HismaM oyjio ue TaK ^aerico oxopouiiTii nomiiuiiKiB bLt; ce- 
laacTBa, aoKii b ceajiHCTBa 6y.ia 36puji, nonaaoca 0<Se33<Sp0H>BaHHH Hi»n,a»iii 
cat, m,o lacTo nepexo^aio b enpasaad 60I. IIpo o,pn a TaKiix 6oib >ih- 
www b ,Po6. TaseTi" («i. 277, 24. TpasHa 1918.): 

„20. TpaBna n umUtebEOSJ nonh'i (Ha Uo,T,i.uFo), Ha (pymi o0e335poeHHa 
ccjish, ciaaact niat aocTpiflctKHMH BinctKOBHan 'iaemuaKH Ta caJBRaiH fiifiKa ; 
bqiitbx 3 6ony ce.ian 6i.ii.me 30, panenax ^.Boe, jboe aropiio ; y aRCTpifinJB — sa- 
ShtbB oahu Ta paaeux cenepo. CeJia KaqniKa, il n c ap i b k a, K a e m- 
6JBKa Ta ,3,3HfiBKa oGeaafipoeni Ta 3aiiEaTi UMfpilcuxU BiftcBKOM ; iuc o(5e;i- 
aoponHHa hbbihx ce.T. IIiji<iac fliiiKii ennnKjia noaceaca b aeai K a n k i n n i, j;e 3 r 0- 
P i-: ui.iLiu e 150 uTiii." 

CnoqaTKy CKopona^cbKHi ia Jnaoryfi aaMOBtiyBajrii enpasy bUhb 

: '> i-'Mflaaiia, i 3 Ix iiaKaay ueiraopn i!]ii;p(H',imua.'iii 8 l'aaoTax HaifMeHLuraii 
ffiwas Ha hhx, a;ie 3 KiHita masi, ko.ih B;Ke 6y.io cmIiuho upo6yBaxa BTajo- 
r ;it![ DOBCTaHHH i TBt>p,TiiTii (hb jo <5yB apofiHB Ha noiaTKy .laaoryO), flt<> 



— 54 — 



I 



iiemoB Git „:jnicTKy npo reTtMaHCbKna nepeBOpoT jno,iflicTi. eTpura a pa- 
flicTio i ipJiKOM cnoKifiHo u , — reTtiancbKe n yKpaiHci>Ke Tejrei'paipiifHe 
AfeHCTBo" 3 ypHjowix ^JKepe.i uo'ia.io n\ r>.nn;\ Rant bItjOkocth npo „aHap- 
xipmi, CojBineBito>Ki Ta CaHflirrckKi" BiiCTyira Ha cejax, Xm nj nyfuii- 
Kanil n HBJranunrcfc roaopnTH oi.n.me npo BTnxomiipeHHH ceiumcbKnx iiob- 
CTaHi Ta „3acnoKoeHHH" Hace.ieHHH, npoxe i b hhx mit sycTpivaeio <kicto 
Birpaam CTpaiuiri qepBori pa;pcn 6opoTb6n yKpatocbKoro npan,f.0BHHKa-ce- 
-uiHUHa aa aenrjio i cbok> JiiojCBKy riameTk. Ilo^aiio t}*t Bnpirann 3 kubkox 
tbbxx 3Bi;;oM;ient „yKp. Tea. AfeHCTBa", a TaKojK a xpomKa.ii.Hnx raarr- 
Hifx aamTOK, npouymeHtrx i;eH3ypoKi: 

,Ojeca, 25. V. rojioBniiii OKpysKHnfi uoaicap oroaocHB, mo Bcssa HaBaucue 
apofijiesa initoja sacisaa, Mimeraa -liciB, xapioBiii npoayiniB i ciatetKHi rocno- 
iiapcTB 6yxe Kapanict cyBopsM ihhom. BimyBari oyayib noKapani BificiKoao-noae- 

BHM CJflOJI. 

M o m Jii b, 26. A". 3 npBBoay BiiniiKuiux seaoHCTpaHiii ceraB, aBCTpiHn,a«H 
nepeBoaHTLca o6e33tlpoioBauHa. B ojreoay ceai apeitJTOBaBO 31 qoa., Korpi He xo- 
•ri.ni BHj,aiu 3(5poI. 

H e pn a ria, 25. V. B Ko3e.ien,bKoay uosiii moseHni nisnajrii M rpaCyHKH. 
Xia fiopotbdH 3 aHapxirrauM eaeaeaToa yKpalnciKoro BiikiKa na.no. Ha Mewi Kpo- 
.leBentKoro Ta CocHnn,bKoro noBwiB 3opfaHi3yBaaaca oojibmeann,bKa GaHjja i po3rpa- 
6H.ua ^LitBapoK. 

II J i a ii a, 25. V. lyfiepmHiLnHfi KOMeH^atiT npocuiL imBOJiy c^opmyBara 
iipn noaeH^aHii KociflHTBHorpajcbKoro noBiiy o c i 6 if y k i h h y cotsxi 3,-ia 
oiopoHn aaeTEa repn,ofa MefuieHo'ypt-CTpe.iiin.LKOro, Hefi aaeiOK ceaane pyfiHyioTb 
i rpafiyioTL. 

Kaiepmociaa, 25. V. >' BepxHe,nHinpOBCLKoay nosm po3rpafioBaH0 
<)j,Horo noainuiua. 

Cyan, 29. V. B lOTHHCtKiS eKOHoaii ipa«|»a CrpofaHOBa ceaane 3ana.ui.ni 
Mafiae Bci CyaiBjii. TopuTt fpa$CBKHH najian, aiaionoaol BapTOCiu. B nianaai i rpa- 
CynKai (Sepyri. y^acxb ceja Piiok i JlcipeCena. ji,aa sraxoanpeHHB 3 Cyii 
nocaaHo OTpsa,. 

Kp ei e Hiy k, 29. V. Ha fpynri 3eaeji6HBX BiaaocnH bShto bcjhikofo sea- 
jeaiacHHKa fyceBa b Boro maETKOBi. 

K h I b, 30. V. 3 lHrnpiincLKnro uoaiiy nosijOM-iaioTL, nio cesaae rponaTB 
ByjanctKy ii OcTffHcucy bkobomU. y 3BeHHTopojcbisoiry noshi xaKoa; rpaOyioTi.. 

KhTb, 30. V. lloBcTancbKHii pyi no J'KpalHi: B Koc- 
TnaTHHorpaactKosty noBiii HacTpiil Kace.ieHiia KenctKitii, ropaTB joctkh, 
seaiea^afHiiKlB 3a()HBai0TB. B 1'axanLKoiy oobItI bcactbch fioJiBnienamKa 
afiiaijiH. B JlKpaTHHCSKOny noBiii aej;eTLf n afiTimia npoTH icTayjoHOi 
sepacasaoi BJia^H. B Poienctsoiy noaiii 3eMe.iBiii Kosiiera He c.iv.vaioTb 
pocnopajisKeirHa noBiTOBoro ctapocTH, nacyrb xynofiy aa x.iiflax i py6awTb iiicn. Be- 
Jtetbca a/'iTan,ia npora B.'ia,i;n. B 3ojroTOHociKom:y noBiti Hace.ienHH 
posiBn.itoeaHe. B IIpiiayniKOHy, MapropoHCbKO»y, Xojoji- 
cbKosy ia IlojiTaBctKOKy nosiiai BexcTbca OoaimeBBULKa ariTan,ifi. 
B Iskhcikokj ii o h i t i aacTpiii Haccaeaaa necnoKiliaiiH. B Biaropoa- 
ciKOiy noBiii po33(SpoeHnH cejUH fue syace TsaiBo ; ceaane soBaioTb 30poio, 
sto no aom'p. B 1'i.iictKoij noiiii naceaeHHn jtjks npiranjibHO cTaeiiTbca 
3.0 SoJibuieanKiB ; b mi aa 21. TpaBBa SaHSow 6yao oocTpLiaHO Kapayabmn E03afiB 
13 syjeaeTin i pyaiaimb. Bill Buiob fiiaa 20 xbh.iiih. 

KbIb, 5. VX Bo Bixoaocmx BiitcbKoaoro aiaicTepcTsa, ascTpiitcbse BificbKO 
crplnsjio 3 rapaar no ceay k e a, AHaniiscbKoro hobItv na XepcoHBiiiBi. ABCipii- 
ciKe BiiictBo, .louiitaiiiiiui'b, n(o ceaaae ceaa Onna aa»Tb CaraTO aOpoi', 0T04n.ui 
ceao i aaKasajiH BH^aTn acio 3flpoio, Bone]ie,i,iiBuiH ce.iaa, njo, koju bohh ne BHAa- 
jiyTi sdpol y irpasuaiemrii cTpon, no ceay Oyae oj,kphto noroiib. CeaHHe He bhko- 
naan B,toro naKa3y i ho Bia^aan lOpoI. Kpia ioro, ae.inKa lopfia ceaaH npopsaaacb 
lepes jiihuo BiSctKa i, aaciBniii na xyropi 4 a o p a, yKpinnaacb iaa i oa,Kpn.ia kv- 
jeaeTHini Boroai. ho BiHctKy. AecTpiHCbKa apnaepia BnaycTnaa no ce.iy eia HafiolB, 



m 



55 



nieaa qoro ceasne Bnaaja 3<3po», sua y hex fiyaa. Maipoc, mo KoaanayEaa ce- 
.laHaau, aacTpeanaea. 

Khid, 10. VI. B PaaoiiiicjitctKoisy uonm b c. Opaaoiy bl>iito noai- 
mjiKa ; b utosy >k noniri norpafionaito aaeTOK /pa$Hui Epaiiin,Koii. B maaiKT 
PaeactKUX b v i nrapHiiciKOBy noBiri fpyna 03(JpoeHHX ceaaH cipiaaaa n ths, m,» 
iipan,K)Ba.iH na noai. Spyroru jhh siaeJitKi BificLKOBi qacTHHa npnciynajin ^o ofies- 
sCpocHBa c. CyCoToaa. CyflOTJBn,L He BijuasaiH 30pol no a,o6piii bo.ii, i toji 
Hiani nycTMit no CyfioioBy kojio 20 cnapajuB 3 rapaai. yfiaio Tpwix. 

Jlo Bi^oMocTax BiHcBKOBoro HiHicTepcisa, b KaniBCBKOMy noBiTi noiaaoca 
noBCTaBna, HKHK Kepye B e .i ii b 'i e h. k o. Tarn buhio 5 caasaiiB i 1 o$nnepa, no- 
paneBo Vi caa^ariB. 

y BBeHHropo^CBKOMy noshi b fle-HKHi aicn,ax no Kapaieiinx o t- 
p a a a « noiaaH cipiaam <£ asepTnn. Orpuspi cipua^n a rap»ai. Ha aicae (SyHTy 
upaoyao niMen,iKe aincLKo." 

IIi;inajiioBaflHfl maeTKiB i bohbctbo iiOMimuiriB (ioro, ao jn ,i ni, >iuihi;e 
He Tpan.iajiocb aa MatiB JJeETpa.ii.HOi Pa,T,n) hbjihjihci. botobCw) Ha rei 
Tepop, irenii aanpomuii.ui domukekh a HiMiyiMii b ce.iax; BiinOBTOH) Ha 
^KapaTejiBHi" AoopoBo.wie-otpimepebKi aaroHH, Hid 6h.hi ce.iau plateaus, 3a- 
raHfljin HoaoBiiriB i adsoK 3 siTtira b BO,ay — b CTauKii ii iihihiimu cnocoCaMit 
aavjua-iik-b a ce.TiracTBa, MacoBO po3CTpiJnoK>Hn coaim; Bi^noBijijo Ha Tsam 
iioMiuymbKi K0HTpn6ynii, HaiaaaeHi Ha ce.mHci.Ky roaoTy. 

llpo HOBO^aceHHH reTLHancLKitx BJiacTeil Ha IIoaTaBHi;iiHi aonHcyBai 
^BopOTtCn" (Heaet opi'aHy I^emp. Kom. STICP) micaB: 

B Koaii 6yao shhto cnpaBy noBepTaaas: sauna no noiiiin.HU,i.KH)E uaiiiKiB, eeaane 
ojpaay a: noupoOyBaan raiiaaiian^KHX aaraBoK Ta Hiaen;E,RJtx Kyat (jJoiotohocikhh, 
KopcyHcLKHU Ta liune.-iani.KHi1 iiobitu). OGypeaaa ceaaH ajunuo 1,0 Bpaio, Koan no- 
laaoca 6e3fpyHTOBHe suyinauiui 3 ceaan. Eyaa EnnijiH poacipiayce.niH 
iepe3 jeBiii jec»ioro (c. HoniBKa) aa Te, mp cenane ae Bnnasaan cno'ix 
Kpamitx sacTynmiKiB .... HaiioLiLmc b raaKy ce.ianas ^aFOTtca HOBiioBi CTapocin. 
3k ii a 11 [in ia a;;, su-,i;Ba ni;ajani na I Io.iTaBCi.KOro noismiBuro ctapociy Hrei- 
C p i c b a ; ue ja^oBoaLnawiiici. 6e3KpaiiHiMH Kapaicii ceaan, bib, BpeuiTi. jiiimoii ,%o 
TOro, in,o no aaaBi KW6K01 B iai6opol5iB'' TaiTayaiBctKoi Ta JI,nKaHtc[,KoI bojoctcu, 
nio in ceaane no noBepTaiOTi jiaiina, naKJiaxae na icoasny bojoctl Bin cejia no 
60.000 Kap(i„ 60 niTyK CBiineii i nnai., i noxBaaaeTi.es, mo b npoTHBiiony paai Kap- 
hok) eKCuej;un,ieio reTL SHDmniB cejia." 

mo-3;o K0HTpH6yn,iir, to 6yBa:iH tam BHiia^Kir, ko.ih, npHMipos, aa 
ee.io, mo nam 200 x;irii:. ir:u;.i;i,ia.:ioci. iiomiiuiiKOH 2,000,000 Kap6oBami;iB. 
B paxynoK KoiiTpii6yniii uoariiuiiKii npHMymyBaJiH ce.iHH Bifl6yBani b cboik 
JiaeTKax naanuray. („BopoTi.6'a'' 1. 3, aiOBTeat 1918.) 

HaAoLThiuHx po3Kipis HaCpaaa BiflHa ce.iaH a no»iui,HKaMn aa \lmn- 
miuri, j*e ce.iHHCi.Kii«ni noBCTairaaMii ni3nim,e KepyBas .liBnfi ynp. con;.-peB. 
M. TIInHKapt (CyBuiHii HanaabnHK KiilBCbKOi BificbKOBoI OEpyra aa 'rati n 
HBttrpaajaoI Paji,ir). Ho^aejio tj t t aa fl BopOTB(ioio u (i. 2, xoBTeui., 
1918.) xapaKTepncTiiKy uhx nOBCTani,, i'x racei i HanpHHKy : 

„He3a6apoH nicaa po3rony ceaasctKoro 3'53ay b 3aeHB;ropoAciKOMy noBiri 
aijoyjoca nepme noBCTaHua, 3ro3,o» noBCTanHa odxoinuo maiiJKe bsci uohit. IIobo.ii 
'lepea Re-aKitii iac boho nepeKHHjaocL na KBUBmiiHy i nyiacTii ua y:«aniJu,KHy. 
IvpisaBHa Tepopoa npn Ronoao3i HisniiB noBCTanna noaaBJiaaocr.. He asaaiaKiiH na 
Taauiuii xepop a Sony ypa^y, BOBCTaHna ne npHiiiiHaaoci, a tlubkh 3 JIucaHKn 
nepexosnao ao 3Beiiiciipopii, BorycaaBa, ro Kopcyna i t. b, 

OciaflHifi mc iioncTanna aaxoniiao C k b h p y i no'iacin TapantaHCBKBii 
bobit, 3asonnao noria EepiHiiBUBEy iBaciJiKinnjay. Caonoa, ipefia 
KOHCTaTVBaTii, njo 3 noHBaeanaa na ceao KapaTe.iBHiix oTpa^in bi-h KiiiEiairaa bob- 
ctaaa. IioncTanna uaOipae see IiLibui i 5i.-u.rn nmpoKiix poaaipis, npo no acKpaso 






56 



cbUhhts Te, mo He3adapo», lacTBHa fyocpHiJ oiiufliuaen e ciani nuBCTanHs. Iloaciaii- 
ieci.Ki cHJin nojKHa sBarayBaTH i mspaxoByBani Ha ocffOBi o$ia,iajiLHBi noBij.uM.ieHb 
i noiacrn ho Geanocepe^aim 3iii,noM:iennaB ynOBHOBaajeniii napriiiBBX TOBapnuiiB. 
HaupiiKJiafl, KaHiBCiBi BaaciB noBiflOMisTOTi. : opfaBiaoBana uaHj.a ccjihh b kmlkocth 
6000 'io.iobik 3aioH33a daraio cea, cium li spncTaroTL i t. a. IIOBCTaHHecLKL OTpaAH 
oyaa SHaiiuix po3aipiB i napaxoByBajH ao ae-KijMta Tncaq ycpciBiK. 

Ilepnioio, hk fiy.no 3ayBan;eHo, nonciaja 3neHiiropn;im;una 3 npyanii!OBami« 
neHTpo« b JTueHHn;]. 3 toiiihx jcatepcj aaeao TaKi bUomocth, IIoiaTOK hob- 
cTanna dya uuikob cTHsifinnii, fies nposojiy iikex 6h to ne Gyjio napTiliBHx cepii.03- 
hhx opiam3an;iH. BHdyxjo noBcranna >iepe3 npoBOKaniiliri saxoju Himejb i npei- 
tTasHHEiB reTtMaHCLKOl Ejaait. ,3,0 noBCTaitni BaacTaa i HiMn.ua Gyjio bI^omo, bjo 
3Bennropoj,K.a aae cnmni i ROfipe Hajarojcateni aHTHypnji,Ofli 0pfaBi3aE.i1, a.ie HiaKHMM 
cnocofiaan ne yflaBa-Toei 5x po3EpHTii. 1epe3 Te BiiacTH fi HiMui pitan™ npHCKO- 
pHiu saOyx, ads Taeaai opfaBisaipi ceOe bhhbhjih i ramim ihhom aowHa dyjio 6h 
3 ehhh cnociaCHo posnpaBUTiict. 3 a - fl ji a d; b r Cyan sj)o(.ieii 
nopKH i JHynanHa b nijioay ]> n si ce.i. Cejifme ne BBTpHMaJin i uoi- 
ctsjih. EjeaeHi opfaHi(tan,iHHO CBiflosnfi npHejurasct tLibkh aroji/m 3 hjjjjihi Haaam 
pyxosi opfaai30BaHOCTH. 

ll[o TopKasTBca races noiiciamii i tuor, to e ubu ay 
BijHoaienBM osHOCTaHBOcm He noaiiaeTBCa, aje a^efii.ihinoro — KnaarajiH no- 
1 epiein jtoOymx peaojiJon,iiiaHx ipai i soamocTBii, nij- 
HOBiems juhjibhoctb U,eBTpaji>HOi Fii» i c n 1 h k a n u .1 
b Hatii'i.iujinfi lie ycnioniu 3 p i k. ^uKyseHToji, Nf) noTBep- 
jpsy« n,e, BOKyTi cjiyaiBTH yaoan aapy aij; 3BeHJiropo,nKOJo noBCTaan,tB 3 Hian,naH, 
HiMn,i ofiina.iH xobccth Bimorn ;io ui^oaa niunjix rao'i'i BJiacTeii. IJyjto racjio i od- 
«AHaHBH 3 PocicH). Ha KaaiBmjiHi b dijsnioCTB noacTaHna ilhuh iij.t racaaaii 60.it- 

!IE6BHKiB. TaK, KOpOTKO KttSyHK, ySB»HJOT6CJI lh)B<'TaHHH Ha Kn]BIH,IIHi B rO.10BH.HX 

CBoix cK-iaaOHHx ejieaeHTax. 

Hk biichoeok, Tpefia niiKpecjiiiTii, b;o Tare hb HHaKiae, a uoBCTamiH t ^asT, 
i m;o, hbk sa.ii, boho naflipae ace rn.ii.ui 3na^HHx posaipiB, CyBtae asume, jho bob- 
CTaBBa Bi,!r.6yBaeTi,cH Be niji, o,t,hhm racaoa, n,o iKij/nmo nijidciicii sa 
uanpaaKy nailOytatoro nepoopojy. PiacBHB^ race.i npoeae xo 
aaaramia n,eHTpavii.HHx noJiiTH'iimx opteHiianiu b jia3i ycnixy BceyKpaiHCLBoro iiob- 
cianHS. Oia;e na nac Jiarae oOoBasoB no 3aosi HBflaTB pyxooi neBKy opfaHi30BaniiTi., 
111,0 TopKaeTbca ni^HpmeHHa na])TiuHux opJaHi3aB,in ao noBCTiiHHa, to b utoay aa- 

IjpHMK}' HOIIH TBep^O CT0a.1I! i CTOBTB Ha TO«y, HO BOTpidHO BeCTH H6 )10BCTaHBB, 

a naptU3aHCbKy dopoTbdy. ^eaefaTH jo ]ioBCTaHn,iB oacHaajBCt 3 naKasoa lisBrjQr- 
Bara Be.iuKi cam i po3dHBaTHCL na doeBi taeam op/au«san;ii, napTMftncBKi OTpajH." 

rjHiimeHBH HiiKTaTypn 6ypacyaaii, iiOBepHeHHH ;i r T,o6yTiix n peBOMOiiil 
npau i no:ii»HOCTeii, BifflHOBaeHHS jijh.imiocth I^euTjjajiLHO'i Pa.1,11. CJUiHKaHHa 
ycraHOBTOs 36opiE, a to i josaraHHU uaBeseimfl Hapo,T,onpaBCTRa b i[)opid 
paa cejflHCbKHX i poSiTHiPinx r nenyTaTiB — ocje. ri ivuifiiui racjia, ri nijii. 
aa JiKi nai;.Tii;i,ii.io Tpy,i,oEe cejiHHCTBO cboihii rojOBami b 6npoTb(5i 
3 l'eHepaaoa CKOpona^etKHM, pocifictKOio, maienriKOio h yKpai'HctKOJO 
(SypacyaaicH). 

Ta Cypaiyaak He xoTi.ia ikraimi u,nx ip.ieH b tLh 6opoTi.6i, HKy 
ncio ceasHCTBO, BOHa MOBiajia npo hhx, Bona Kpiraajia npo aaapxiio, 6an- 
AMTH3M, rj)a6ia;Enii;TB0 i b toh a:e iac snepTO, nocaisoBHO, acopcxoKO, 
i ,i;iiicHO HO-ilaii^iETCtKOBiy Beaa j&Jii cbob JiiHiio — ■ mwo c.Kpin.ieHJia 
CBoei KJHCOHOi" ^HKTaTypn, IiOBepHeHHH so cbois pyic HarpaCoBanns pairim 
<5aran;TB ft aocepe^eHai b cboix pynas iiobbx HaTepia.™inx ninnocTen, 
.limro noBHoro eKOHOMiiimoro i noai'nraioro noHeBoaeHHii npan,RDio<iiix vac 
3a HaBe,nemiMiT Bnm;e 3panKaMn no*iiUHHt>Koro aaKono^aBCTBa b seiieiBmft 
ciipafii uiiuTin nauii. ne Meirm HCKpaBi. 



- 57 - 



B nepinifi no.iOBiini lepBBH, nic.iH Hacriifrnix jomaranj. iVh. A fix- 
in p it a i oapoHa My ma,*) JiKi dy.Ti saHeiioKoeiri xBH.ieio noBCTam, Ha 
yKpafm i sarpoaoio 3Hnni,eHHa Bpoaaio, reiMtaHCbKa pa#a irinieTpiB yxBamia 
TiiBiacoBnn 3eMe.n>HnH saKOH, roaoBm ochobh jikoto SBO/youri, jo c;iifly- 
lOHoro : nepuie — ojHa ocoda aae npaEo HadyBaTH eijn,CbKorocnoj;apci>KoJ 
aeizi He dijn.ine 25 jecHim ,ipyr e — chlikh oKpeMnx ocid MaioTi> 
upaBO HaCyBarn rasy KULKicTb send jpa ciai.ci.Koro rocno^apCTBa, ana 
He nepexo;i,iaa 6 KktKOCTH, hkv MHjort npaBO HadyBaTH yiacnmKH chLtkh 
i;m:;yifi 30Kpema, TpeTe — npoTHroK ;t,box poicis no aaTBepflaceiiHio 
i.vii'iol aainici HadyTHii chliko© Macron hobehch dyra poajresoBaHnfi ma; 
qaeHaMii cdIikh na OKpexi yiacTKJt 8 ran, rapd Koaarefi bojio;qb He dLTtnie, 
hk 25 secflTimaifH. ^IeisepTe — RepaaBHSli awiciHrnit 6miK HadyBae 
Giii>ctKorocno r T,apci.Ki i .licoBi aeMai des odMOScemm posMipiB i dame Mae 
is poijnpojipaTH, na ochob! hobovo saKoay, to6-to He duiBine 25 seeaT. 
he kojkhj ocody. II a t e — B pasi nopyiflemifl BiimeBKaaamix npaBHJi, 
bch HadyTa Ha o^y oco6y 3bhhi 25 Aec. semxa. Bepexo^nTL dea Bunaro- 
pojp jo CKapdy mcia pimeHHa cyjy. 

Os i bch „3ejie.itHa petpopaia 1 ". lIo.uiiwiK idr upoji,aBaTit cboio 36m.ho 
oxpesuoi ceaamiM in ;i;ep;KaBHOMy 3eMe.iMr.0My daaKOBl, sir i ne iipo- 
jaBaTii. rWepaa CKopona^ctKuit Ta uojriw.in; Jiworyd xoh i aajiBJiffiH, wft 
,jte euHHHTtca m nepej; hkhmii sazojannf' ;pfi sa^OBO-ienHH cejiflneTBa 
ijemeio, oiHaie Ha aiii ne BBaxasH HOTpidnnM JOT is Maaiil aiipi BiuuutyTll 
na nostimnEiB b HanpanKy npo,i,asy hhmh aetud caiHRaM hji daHKOBi, 3 a,py- 
roro doKy, 30BciM He »iiuaB hobhh 3hkoh uriTainH npo onpeaiaeHHH urn Ha 
zexjiio — n,e TaKOa; no.'iiiujaaoei. Ha bojuo HOMiiiniKiB. f^ume, mo BCTaHOB- 
.ihb aaKOH, ne HopMa b 25 aramm, noBepx hkoi mKonry ne BkbHO dyjio 
uadysaTH 3eit.ii; TaKHK cuocodom tiajioct Ha yBaai hlthxom Biitnoi i ho- 
ni.iE.uoI ModLiisaHii aeaii yrBopitffl na FKpaliri BepcfFsy „KpiitKHx MyjEHKiB", 
naaem.KHx uOMimjiKiB-ipapjuepiB, npo hghx itpinjia yKpalHCbKa xaidopodcfcKO- 
^eioicpaTUHHa napria, a me pamine o,t,hh ai ctobmb CTapol caMojepacaBHOi' 
HapctKo! Pocil Cmunrin. Hei»a noro rosopiiTH, mo n,e dy.ia HiflKa pe- 
<t>opma, xoh npoTH Hel i biibhk n,i.TiiH pyx cepeji; nosrininKiB.**) He tlibkh 
desseMeatHe ceJianCTBO, roaoia, aae HaBiTt i Tpoxn aaMoatffiine imo- 
aexeatLite cmhhctbo hk HOI20 9 nei' esopHCTaTH: aemio irir Kynnra mbkh 
eiibc&KHH KyjiaK, Korpufl adiiB KoniiiqnHy, BnancKyRwn ceaaHCtKy rojioxy. 
J{m ceajiHctKOl at di^HOTn aajHiiiaioci. oiho — imiKii,bi,\i aiicLEO, oi|)nn;epci>Ki 
KapaTeatm aaromi, KOHTpitdyn;iT. 

TpoxH m3Hin(e (Ha nonaTty Mima.) Pa^a ilinicTpiB BHpodajia fli,e 
i'm,hii 3aK0H (aaTBepjpKeHnii reTManoai b cepeanni jmrna) npo TaK mad 
,^iiKBi r i,aniBHi KOMieii'" (iydepHis.iriiri i noBiTOBi), am aajin npnfiTH Ha sniffy 

*) Ilpej;cTaijniiKa upaBUTejitciBa Hiae'itmni fla yspaliii. 

**) noaiiEHiiKii 3o.ioTonoct.Koro nooiiy (Ha JTo.iTaBmHBi) no^anu b .muni 
aioini 1918, apse inTepeeHj „aaeBy naaosi reTMEHOBi" (m^imcaHy to-ioboto BO- 
"jntiiuBKoro coioaa Pjhkobcbkh« i ceKp. EnixeiioBUiei), a jiksii no- 
auiutKu, jjiat inimiia. joMaraaacB, in,o6 B nociaEOBa npo oGaeisenua KaO^Banra 
h nposa-.Ky seMai 6jaa, CKacoBana, s or.isjy aa ie, m,o Bona aBJiaeTica HBHO-con,ifl- 
.iiCTH<moro aanpaHKy i Mae neioio uinisonaM to8 fpynr HenopymHOi BaacHocTB, na 
sKOMy lijiiKH ii boikb t])bbko fiyjyBaTHi's JtepwaBa". Jii 3 Hime BoaimBKH Bucryua™ 
KiaiKa pa3iB b TaKia a;e nanpnsrKy. 






THMiacoBiix KOMiciif, mo pei'yjuoBajm cnpany aCipaHra ypoaaio 1918. potty. 
]} CKJiaA nnx Komicii Ma.m bxoshth: HOBiTOBiin CTapocTa, npeflCTaBniiKii 
juiaicTepCTB 3enejj.Hiix, BHyTpinnrix, cyjtoBiix i tpiHaHCOBHX cnpas Ta ,^ep- 
ataBEoro kohtpojuo, npe^cTaBHiii; pojhtoboI aeacbKOf ynpaBir i no jpa apes- 
crraBHHKB Bin noMiiiyiKiB i OaraTiix ccish — 3enejimiL\ BJiacinraiB. Meia 
Koaicm onpejyjiaiacb saKOHOM Taic: Kosricil Mara Bi^HOBHTH b aopeBoajo- 
n;iaHHX <f>opMax uopyuieHe aeMaeBoaojiHHfl, a Taicoa: noaoara npo noBepHeHna 
jiojiimiiKaM aaopamix y hhx ho aaKOHax peBOJiionifiHoro ^acy ni^npnencTB, 
pnoHHi upoatHCjiB, iaBOHrnpa i irainoro Maftna, a TaKOiK i npo u o b e p- 
h e h h a BiAinKOsoBaHHa aa dpaTH, noHeceHi n o m i m n k a a n 
nij^ac peBOJiK)n;ii, i 3a K-opHCTysaHHa MaiiHOM, npo Bnmaiy 
cejiHHaMH nosinuiKaa sa nociBii, spo&iem Ha noiiinnn^>Kiix aeMnax Orans 
cjiobom, yaaKOHeHHa Ha aafidyTne Toro ajppcTBa, aite Base nepeBo^ium no- 
jaimiiKH aa flonouorojo KapaiejibHHx eKcnesnnjfi, HaK-iasaiora Ha cejia ni- 
aioHHi KonTpflO) r n,iI. *) 

HapeniTi, aaBepmeHHaii iiomuuhhiiKoI TBop'ioeTH b aeMeJibaiii cnpaui 
aBHBca „3aKOH npo aacotfn 6opoTt6n a poapyxoto ciatcr>Koro 
rocnoflapcTBa", aaTBep^aceHnfi i*eHepajioi CKopona^ctKHM 8. ihhhh 
1918., hkitm aaBojpuiacb cnpaBaam naHmnHa jyia cenaHCTBa (na 3paaoK toi, 
SEJ b CBifi lac xotib aaBecTn npn iipaBHTe-itcTBi KepenctKoro BepxoBHHJ 
r.iaBHOKoaaH;iyioni;HH feHepai KopHkofi), Oct aaicT mtoro 3aKony: 

„1. Ha^aTH iyflepnis.iLHiia aeaeaLBBM Kouiciaa lipase nia, KepysaHHaa i 3 aa- 
«jep r i,;s;i-iijifl ainii'ipa 3eae.11.m1x cupau BHjiaiinn o6ob93KOBhi noeiaaOB npo 11 p m- 
m y c b e BBKOpHcioBysaHHU xhboio i aepiBoro c i a t c 1 k 0- 
lOCsoppciKoio iiiemaps BflaenmuB, KOfpi ne Biiomii BBKOpjicToiiyioTb 
iioro y B.iacHHi rocnojiapcTBax, rjih poGh y apymx rocno^apcrBax, jiaa nepeBoaoK, 
ani aaioii. r ^ep;KaBne sHaiinaa. 

2. Hii.taTH fyCiepiiiajibiiiiB uok^uujk Eoaiciax npaao, n'\x EepyBaaHSM i 3 3a- 
TBep^ateHHa ainicTpa 3eae3Mmx cnpaB, Basanita oOobbskobhi nocianoB npo BopnH 
n.iaTiii 3a ciaj»CBKorocnoji;apiy npamo t a n p npnaycoBe a 11 k 11 a a h si 
aicn,eBHM naceaeiiBam cipcimi cLibclko ro c n s api a 1 poGJT. 

3. HaaaTH npauo fytfepaisaBHUX 3eHejwnm Koaiciaa b tux o6obh3kobux nocia- 
noEai, aid bohji nuj;aBaTiiayTb, BHBBaiam 3a uopymeBHa n,m nocTaaoa Kapy — 
a p e m t j(0 lptoi aicaniB, uiTpait R° ^00 k a p 0. HaKjacui aa noBiTOBBX 

CiapOCTiB 060BH30K n])U3liaMeBEIH 13 BliliBHX HHX leap. lioCiaHOBI! IipO T6 UOBiTOBHX 

CTapociiB Moayrb fiyui ocKapaceni a" *yCepiiiajij.Hiix CTapocriit: piniejiaa ocTauBJx 
no n;nx CKaprax oCTaioiHi. 

4. ycTaBOEHTH Kapy a saainoio TJopaom dpoKoa jj,o o,a;noro pony 'jh npii- 
3Ba<ieHiia $,0 iipiiaycOBHx rpoaaxctKflx pofiiT na TaKiiB -,Ke CTpOK 3a cii^yroii inHHKii, 
KoaH 3a hjix no aauojiy ue ycraHOBiiaeTbca cyBopim,a sapa: sa cuaoai^He ncyBaiuia 
i 3HJim,eeHa aaciais Bpoxaio aifipasoro x.ii6a, 3 a ciasime aaKpisiTa 13 
n p ii n a h e n h a cijiictKiix p 6 i t, a Tanoat i aa ni,i,(iiinaiina ,1.0 TaKiix is'iiihiub. 

5. jl,i.ia npo b?hbkh, bb! aaanaucui u ct. 4, po3onjiaiOTi>ca b iiBuiailjioay 
cyftOBoay nopa^Kosi no-3a leproio. 



*) MiHicTp BHyTp. enpan I. K i c t si k n b c j. k H ii {bi,o 3acTynBB nicaa JI1130- 
ry6a) b caoSa oCiurHiiKy (poaicaaaia b cepnal aicanji) oa,Bepxo intcaa npo Te. nio 
jriKBiKaniBHi Koaicii aaKTB npoflOBarysaTH cnpasy icapaax aaronia^ b HBtniii tj.ii.kb 
^supai, 3BiniafiH0. B 3 BH^aHHaa CTaiyTa THa^acoBax 3eaeai>Ho-atKBiAan,iriiitix Koaicia, 
— iracaB KicTiTKOBCiKHH : ycTaaoBaeao 3aK0iimiii nopajOK nio-^o noaepaeiiHa 
sCHnsiB, ani aaiOTb 3eM.ieBaacniiKii, i noae]iiic-nna o.ijCipaHBx y nux aaeTKiB, a laicoa; 
il JEBOHTapa. Tiwiacoa y Caraiiox licneBocigi ice me u aoci upo- 
b a^aib CBOHi JtiaaBnicTB yjepaiyBaii hb n p n b a th i koibth i;a]ia- 
teattti 3aroH» („oipaji;w u ), ani ibbhtb rBaaioBui pe'ri". 



MMMML^LHL^ki^ki^H 



— 59 '— 



6. 3aKon ueii nepeBecTH a nna no xejiefpa^y".*) 

TaKim uuhok, Bij^asaBCH carauim paaoa 3i CBOeio x) r ^ofloK), B030x 
i HHuuiM iHBeHTapeM b noBHe pocuopH,^aceuflfl nonriintttdB. A Hi Bi^KOBHTHCb 
bu npan,i b uoxiimmfiKoaiy MaeTKOBi, a ni BuiiaraTH neBHOi marai aa 
cboki npamo niH ne air. IIoBepxajHct cnpaBaari Kpinaubiri lacii : cejianinia 
ii!iM;ira.rucb 3po6iiTH paooi, B,iacaicTKt nana ; neiia wo roBopHra, mo TaKe 

..,;;ii;olI0,T.aBCTBO'' l"eHep. CKOpOIiajlCBKOrO TLM.KH IIWHBaiO OJUIBH b oroHt. 

Ha ce.'iax jin/ioci. mow, CTpainnoro. 3^aBa."ioci>, He 6j t ,io hjhkhi Men: 
jHymaHHflM mx cejiraCTBOM. He 3a,i;pB0Ji>HHK)'incb KOHTpn6yn,ifliii, noxinyiKii 
Haiiarajnict shhujjith cojuihctbo $i3iraHO i Mopa.iBno, BaiHBaioiii HenyBaHiix, 
oopajKyfO'nre .HOAc&Ky rijpicTt cepe^bOBiianx Kap, rtaaTyKHn atraose Ha- 
ceaeHHH. JUkflei Cpaa lacon oyiafl. ,2,0 HeHrpaatHoro KoMrrery Bce- 
\i,[i;u'nc{>K0l CciaHctiioi CniiiKH Beet iac npuCyBajiH ceaHHCbKi jjesei'anit, 
COTH3MH Ha^xo.uuir upoTOKOJH cLibCbKJix rpoiia,T, 3 ycix nofii™ yKpai'iiii 
g iipoxaiMjm BU3B0.niTn ceJHHCTBo bu, TOro -xuxa, r mcoro cairi ciapimi 
.iKae ue naMHiaioTb'', ak 3aBuie BKasyBajra ce.HHHe. 

HaBo^iiMO tvt 3,w xapaKTepiiCTHKii CTaHOBHma Ha eejiax BHTar 
3 npoTOKo.iy - npoxaHua r p o x a a u ce.ia E i c i b k h, JfaxoBeutKoi 
bo-iocth, OcTpoaictKoro noBiTy Ha Bo.iDHi, Ha^icjianoro ,3,0 
HeuTpajMoro KojiiieTy CeaaHCbKoI Culikh caste Bainty. BsasaBBtx na 
raxKe ce.iHHCtKe ikiitth, fenpaBCTBO i CBaBUbCTBO HOMiayiKiB, centime 
uiii-iua: 

„y nosiamita flsopcBKoro, nsim caa 3a iaciB IJenipaaBHOi Pajr,H apiitcsi 
CBoro Haenty, BHnaflKOBO hkokcb uposoxainoK) siiicHvOBoio lacTiiaoio aafipaHO Tpoxu 
Maflna. Hepei, BcinrauHea, Koau iiacTynEaa reiLaannpuia, nosimuK npHBJB no- 
iiaiiioro ccaa Hixuifl. Byao aaapeuiTOBauo mocB ^o-ioBiKa 14-tbox, KOTpi 6y.in im- 
sinuiKoa na^iiiasi ai citHCKa, no loroci iepea mach n.iaxiii MipKyBannJi, his smi 
irpniunH, ycix oanjciBB AO h,omj, tlibkh peii, ssi b Koro t, m,o6 npBBca.TH 
i m,o6 uoBepnyjH coaoMy, KOipy b Htoro po3ifipa.'iu. Co^OMy fioay nOBepiry.w, 
a no ne Mas, to Bifta;aa HOMy rpinmH; Taicate fiyaa nosepHyri fioay sci pe^i, 
KOTpi ceaaae poaiflpajin, a ii peii, KOTpi CoatmeBHKii bubosjiii, to xe ac mu !x xoijth 
B3aTii. Mepea fle-HKnS lac Bin 3hob 3i6paB ycix cboii upuSiiiiHsiB i nepeKaaas "lepea- 
fiiii, moO juo^e nopaxyBa.inct 3 nnm Ta sanjiaTHJii] iioiy 20.000 Kap6oBaHn,iB. Taiey 
cyity Rjia Hamoro cejia ae (iyao bshth, ta fl 3a mo naaTmc, koib mi He Bnaai 
fy Hamoiiy cejii 120 mi, ce.io Ci^ne) la aapas i rpouieii bb 6yao ne B3atn, a TpeCa 
6yao m,o-He6ya6 iipo^urn, a CLawue Tpe6a 6yjo saifia 3 no.ua jto^eKauicH Ta npo^aiH 
i Toji Moa;na <5yao rpoiui Bij^aTH. Tan npouiuao ax no pocnopasateHHfl 
ypajjy npo a^opayaauHH Kapare-itEJii otphrib. Iloiimin;, 
3aoBHBniHci a a i a i n i i: hi aasia ;tpyroro uoBiijTa a n a'l a .u. h hko m 
.XcpataBHOi Bapm H-Ka BkoropoSKn Toro ac raKH nosiTy, no^aB 3<iipaiH 
,cioa'_y ceai. Xtouiuob, toto aapat taunJiii b .hoi, a no 
He nil ith, ToroBHKOHaBB;iBo.iinaHC*Koi (jnje tapaien- 



*) B 3,o*aTOK so hloio saicony Tpe6a Hara^aTO me npo „3aKOH npo nepe- 
aaiy saifla Bpoacaw 1918. p. flepxasi", aaiBepflaceHafi CKoponaji.ciKHB 
b cepeaiuii nBpaa 1918. 3ri*Ho nBOMy 3aKOny, sea KiaiKicTL raiOa Bpoaaio 1918., 
sa bhuhtkom sLaiKocTU, noTpionoi a,Jia lapiyBaBBH i rocno^apciKHs noi])eS Boao^apa, 
nociyuajia no mopftim uinaM (BMaHOBaeaHM Bpem. UpaBBieaiCTBOa b 1917. pon^ 
b pocnopaMv-cHBrt reTLMano-Hinen;LKoro ypa^y. 3a yxHaaEDH aii „ao6poBiJiiB:oT 
ajaia uufla 3aK0B norpoatysaB peKBijuniaan. Xoi aaKOH ^eH 6jxo ciaaaeflo seaon- 
oh Baai'ajii jjia Be ' a S Jii6opo6iB — uoaiinuKiB i ceajra, npoie nanpaBaeBafi v\u 
oyn BMKJiMiEo npoTH ceaaa, aKi bis ntoro i noTepniaB 6arani>K0. now'miiKK 
x OyjiH b cmairj 3 bpoaobojmiuhi ii HHmiiau opraaaaH i npoaaaaaH cbim uifi BO 
BunsBHa u,man. r 



— 80 — 



ii o r o o t t> a a, y) G n a n. ciuiku li a :i; a it o 6 y a o, i 3 a c t a b a h a h 
<' ii .i ii ki ii t n t a rpomi h e c t ii. Xto uptime rpoori, toro BianycKaaH j,o ssfiuy, 
nonpoTH T n x, no ickb lomet aa n p a b a, o io Bjtonnan-i. t'a 
n a k o r o n o k i m n K 3 .1 i f, t L M a H, 6 n a n, c i; i .i l. k h m o r a o a a, o p o b a n 
miipitiain, no r o a o * y t i a i a a r a ii k a « ii. 3 h y m a a h c b, linmsiicL 
eiiJiiEH, cKijibKH ii CaacaHO Gyao, uauiu. TaKnx eiapux 
6 n a ii, k o t p i h e 3 a, y a: a a h n a ,eioj' i t ii (I i Gush 6 i a a cboi'i 
in). I>h a ii lasex ;i: i n u k n it uy maa h c l iiaa. ihih iaK, mo 
ojaa KiiiKa 3 6 oateB o a i a a. Xto ne nan rpomeii, to saGnpaan a xaTii no- 
j.yuii:ii. Kii.iiiHii, B3araai bcc, mo aaao niumcn, t& aep-,i;aaii ao Tie! nopn, hokii no 
irpmocHB 'lOJiosiK rpoiaeS. Ue ftocianaaocB ycin 6e:s poslJopy, Kpia iioro iipitGi'uni. 
kih. A in, o 6 a kv a, e n e iopju n o n t i k a t ii b c e a a. t o ii c c a i no 
n c i x niaaiax Cyan p o a ct an a en i hoctobi, a ne ncc Gyao an paa 
j SHSBa, hk xaiG Ha nnai can npocra iipanj. ^SBytovn riaiKH cycia,Hto»y jiomIiuh- 
kobi, BOTpnfi ;i,aii y Gopr awjiiM Giauiie aK 20 Tgcro KapGoBannin. Ta klijiKH xya.o6u 
poraToT, KOtpa roajBaaa nan aiieS, npoi,aan, to toi/i ipoxy saroanan. Jleisim nicaq 
50 Baiiaanmt. Go cane Memne Span a xani 700 Kapfi., a to fi no niBTopn tucbmb, 
TiaBWi ne Bans ai eno'ix npnGiiHiiKiB. Ilenno'i cyan nc aiiacMO, cbjjibbh B3»B, Go 
Tpya.no ,u.!!!;ithcj.; ycana ajoajina 3aanB.aEa, mo GoIicbch osBatncB npo n,e; a ne 
^iawne Goutbcs oa.KpHTO BncTyumn Ta invKarn JipaBftH, a Bpemri micaan iioBiroBoay 
ctapocii, to iieaa mibkoi Bia.n<iuia,i, Ta me a.e-Koay (micaaii). aae usjach yci MOBiaTt. 
3a,ai'TBcn, mo uxt uoisimeii aaKpimi bc» mo cnpaay, a upoTe me ne laAOBoaBDHBesi 
I'inrn i-nii, Go fioro — caaoro noitimHKa — bOilih b ipyrowy ceai, ae teik 36ipaB 
Ta«y KOHTpiiCynjjo; bih Gvb ynpaBMTeaei TaaouniLoro aaeTKY i mvi:ai: m'> EinivBaTuiB 
in xoqe 3anaKyBani uoaoBLK 10 ao BB3inin;i. 

TaKoro aaymanHS niiTo hc ii a a n t a- b ; caui ciapmi am^e 
ii e naaiiiTaioTB iskoto ansa. 

;!, o ir i p o Tpe6a ,T,oa,aTH, m,o n;e8 caxiiu noiiimnK, flBop- 
ciei fi, 6yB IIoanK, iixtifi n o p o r y k p a 'i h c t b a, Go me va. novaray pe- 
Boaionil iiOMaB cboio opiauisan'uo npoiis yKpaiucTBa i bcbIb npuxnaatH Giaini hk 
r]M"rm ifacTt ceaa %& ce6e ia iipoBOjHB yce noabctKP. HasiTb, ospin IIoafrKiB, K0Tpni 
y HaraoMy ceni <; xc-chtl. upnciaao a° iioro opfanisanil i.e-cnijn,KH yKpalimis. Tawm 
pofioa, BHpocTaaa CTpamenaa BopoiitHeua nhv IIoanKamn Ta y^aTnqaxn, «iepe3 mo 
nin KaaB yci cairn, afiii cohctbtkci. iia thx, xto hc iipucTaB j;o iioro opfaniaaui'i ; 
i bomcthbcl, Go aep rpoBii 3 iipoTiiBinix lioMy Ta n AoaaTOK i iiaCns aoGpe. 

IIUipo npoxat'MO Bac nopa,T,HTii nan, Kya.ii 3BepnyTHci, moG saxiieiHTn ceGe 
biji Tai.oro anymanna Ta sia, aenpaB^iiBoi KOHTpnGynii ; Kyaii ne mieaaH, to raaaa 
TiatKU lac, a Kopiic™ liena jiisiKni. .Mmriio nesny jiyaKT, mo bh ne aaanmHTe uaiuoro 
npnxaiiHH Ges BianoBia,i, a Boitse ii Bame wpnAn'iHe Gmpo saaao C um nipaBy Ha 
<'e6e, sBuiariuo, no ynoBnoBaateunio Ta ft aa kojiith. 

IIpii n.LOMy saa Bi^iioBiAi iiociiaai-M 2 KapGoBanui MapKamn. 

Ilpoiaii c e Jt :i ii e c e a a B i C IB BK! (nUiiHCH, neiaTKa)." 

Ta mo Morjni BijoiOBicra Ha nee u,e peBo.imr;iiini opr'amsanil ia 
uapTil? BRaBaioct, Hafljiinma pa^a 6y.r,\ () b^htii is cboi pyrai upoBifl 
Ha^; thjui iiobct;ihii!dii[. jh" neci. Mac iiion aa yiipaiiii, oSe^HaTH Ix 
n MOryTirifi cjrj;ijiLHiii[ noBCTaH«,KO-peBo.iKni;imii[H $poHT i aJSpotHOio oii.ion> 
CKiinyTH a reTi.jiaayBanHfi ten. CKoponaji,ChKoro, poaimaTH KapaTCii.ni 
oTpa^n, annumi a HacTKiB noxboRKiB, — KopOTiuo Kasy^g — uoaajiHTH 
^HKTaTypy fiypxyaaii i bssth RepaasHy i!.i;i;iy b cbo'i' — pofiiTHiree- 
oeaaHCHu pyKn. CiunncTBo i BHSBHraao mo syMKy ne o^en pas, j^oCpe 
poayiiaiiic, m,o 6opoTLCa « noxiiiuiicniiii. 6opoTri6a 3 KOHTpnfijuiajm i «Hy- 
iniuitriijin. CopoTi.Ca aa aeMJiio, bo.tio i SBHHaiHy -nojCLKy ri^BicTt Moate 
aaKinHHTHcr. ycuiuiHO tlilko b tomv paai, kojiii Bona aaCepe BnpaaHon) 
iKaiTH<ran-T,<>p;Kamioro xapairrepy, a nc .iirme cenaparanx, nopiaHeanx 
aipapftHi poapyxiB. B xe-aKirx noBiTai cejancTBO BnKii,i,aj:o ^omaraHsa 
HOBepiieiniH TI,eHTpaji>HOi Pa/i,a, b iihbiiix ^oMarnnoei. couKaHHa YKpaia- 



1)1 



clkhx y&sasoB'aa 3GopiB: uoseKysu RiiKiua.m aara.ibni racia uopoTi.iiii 
,.aa aeajiio i BijytoBJienna upas Ta BOJibiiocTeii" : Cyan BmiasKii, m. mh 
bjk€ ;)i:i.\vBa.iii i Bmue, ko.iii casaHCXBO Copo.ioct aa B.m/iy pas (c&uhh- 
cbKiix i podiTini'Hix). Ilp<.>Bi,iHi[K BafcHCxeHHimoro i iiaiioi.naii opi'amao- 
Baaoro lmitcTiincbKoro aspa Ha Kiiiwmiiii. Ill mi i:apj>, bjb poaaoBii a To- 
jjobok) LI,eHTpa.ibHOl Pajji M. Ppy meBChKiia npo neoOxUnicTi. Bahama 
pyxoBi tpoji.M BceyEpalHciiKoro eiuaui'i.Ko-poGiTHU'ioro bobctsbbh; saKJHKaB 
otaporo 1'pyiueBci.Koro htb ro iionrrannin i crais Ha soari pyxy. Banes- 
tDiKt'iii. in,o OflHoro menu iioro oyse sochtb, mod ornea aanaiajia Bca 
ct i .i!]Bci>KO-po6iTHMMii > 'i;palna i i-muii.ra i! way orni so-memy noatifflHntKO- 
6ypffiyaaHy sugifaTypj . 

' Ta mn'TiiBiiBii B6 t-npinuu tom.y. moo" ni^EMTH aaixibiie iioucTaima 
im yiipaini. BeHHEOH), uirniiuiuoKuHoio niaentKOKi apaieio, mo carajia 
•oicaoa so cewn KopnyciB i (Syra cxyxaaBOio aopoeio b pysas p<>ai;n,iiiiiHx 
jiiMeu;t.Kiis rtniepa.iin. He moikhb Oyio aerEOBasHTH. Xoh (5h il an mnpo 
Bi,u'vi:nv.iiicb ua aai;.iin: ro noBCTSHHfl po6iTHi[ i n'-rc.i:»[ci,i;i aanr. xo<£ Oh 
)ii;\ Be.niKV nOBCTaHC&Kj apmiKi Bsa.ioci> a hux ;j(|)opiyBaTH, Bee X pocno- 
qiiHaTit b Tofi yac Biiiuy a pei'v-rnpnoio mxeijbKO-aBCTpo-yropcBKOH) apaieio 
m Vi.'pai'ai m.n> ,i.y;i;i' i syxe setfeaneHHo : Tara bibbs loraa 6b aaKin- 
iHTHCt HemajpHH Biimiineniiajt yKpai'HCbKoro npauitaowro naceieHHa. 
Haaa.10 pyra: Tanon; i Hescae Bisnonjeniia h.0 copaM noBCTaHHH (iris npo- 
boiom yKpalHvi.i:oi' peBOJiiouiHHOl ^enoEparif) CoBiTctnoi Pocii". IlisTpitHy- 
Ki'iii pma aaaimopu a „po6iTimw-ee,nnicbi;niiii ypasara yBpafiut", m 
(jiopiyBaraca i iac-isis-Ha.oy b Mockbj i fieaycirinino 11p06yBa.n1 B&erynaxB 
Ha VKpainy. CoBrrcbKi MocKoniwiiia 11 'roil xe l iac aoBCia He Buan.iavia 
6aaaaHa sBasaract a yi.palncbKoio peBO-TOniiinom jeMOKpaTJeio i ne nosa- 
B'a.ia aidb'iix Hasiil na BJflTpHiEj UOBCTaHHa a cboto (Sony, ko.th 6 boho 
Rimin.-.m. EIoBCTaHBa Mor.to poanoiianici. i npn (SaJt^EOOTH Jlfl ni.oro 
a i'miky pi'Etd.iiiininmii MocKOBaynnE momo dyM uoj;aB;ieHe apMiaia HeH- 
Tpa.ibmix ,U'['a;;in. Bee CpaJfB Ha ysary i uo.iiTirmi HapriT, i Ce-THHctKa 
Cni.iKa 1 cTapni'i rpyiaeBCbKHi, ireoro xoti.tii tlauiiTB 11a i io.ii BCeHapo^Htoro 
uoBCTanira ^e-siKi ceiaacbKi iiOBCTancbi;i aaroHH, 

CejflHCTBO BiiciyxyBaao Bci ni itipKyBaHHa, a.ie chhhiith cbobi a(ipoiiHoi 
6opoTb(iu ne Hor.io, xo'i i Hecio Bejiiid BTpaTH b Oojix a reTbajincbKHiH 
sapaTfeabHHKH OTpH^ajin Ta a pei'y.iapniiH niimqTJcmi BificbKOM. rioBcxaHHa 
to poaCypxyBajiiicb, to na ffKycb xbh.ho CTiixa.iu. A.ie ce.iaium i b jiyan;i 
lie aa-B Toro, ai.o(i XW m xmi.uo CKOpBTHCE (>aii,i\ poaGifiHiiKiB, rpafeHintiB 
i HacHjbiiiiKiB na hom a i'enepa.ioM CKopoaaacbKira i noaintiiKoa .iHaoryfioa. 
Bifl xawi 3,0 xaTii, ni^ ce^a so ce.ia nepeOira.ia AyMKa npo ueoOxisHicTb 
Jiat'ormni. o,i,Ho'iin'i!oi(i no Bcifi >'i;paini ce;iaHcr,Koro BHCTyny irjiOTH KaTifl. 
3ycH.Taa yicpaiia-bKoi llapTii' Con,.-PeB. i II,eHTpajiMioro KoaiTCTy BceyKp. 
CciaHCLKoT Ciri.TKii, HanpaBjeHi so toix), mo6 a^epxaTH cejiaHOTBO bis 
nepe r T, l iaeiiui cenapaiHHX BHCTyiiiB, wp aseOutiuoro janiia.iiiei, Ti.ibKii au- 
SJ'iueHHajt Is i He«niot'i'p,uiiiaii poacTpuaan ee.ianei.Kfix BHTaavKiB, He 
Jia.ui yL'iiixy.*! CejiaHCTBO hu aor.io CTepmTn reTbMaHCbKC-nOMUunitbKoro 

*) 28. >jepnuii 1918. Heinp. l^oMiTet BeeyKp. Pa^u Ceann. Jonj"!*™ oroJiocra 
BiaojBj- (y mi|iiiBi;nx j[a;i.p)'KUBanj' b npeci) ao cejiaaciua, u flKiii, EKastHiiH ua 
OKpeai cenapami HeoptaHiuoBaai eeaanctKi uoocTaHHH no Bcia J'KpaJHi i ua 11 






Tepopy Ta 3Hym,airiw i 6pajiocb sa 3(5poio b uti^ii, mo rami B^acTbca noBa- 
.inTii uaayBaima iiomuuhkib Ta KaniTa.iicTiB i nosepHj'TH Haaa^ con,in.n,mi- 
eEOHOBiuHHi i nojiiTiraai aaodyTKii yspabc&KOl peEOJiouil, aid cejiamm Bate 
mob, BU'iyeaB, poaymiB i uihhb. 

9. yKpaiHCbna A|)i6na 6ypmya3in 6e Ha tea/rr (3acHyBaHH» y«pa- 
THCbKoro Hai^ioHaJibHO-^epmaeHoro Coro3y). Mm BKa3yBa.n1 b ceiil iac 
sa Ti BeaiiKi Ha,jii, jiki uoKJia^,a.ia yKpamcbKa ^piGna oypasyasia ua ivn.- 
JiaHCLKEii uepeBopoT. CjiUoh aa xjiioopoSaMii-^eMOKpaTaiui npooyinuu „no- 
opaTaTHCb u 3 reTbaanoM fi imuii yKpalacbKi oypaiyaaui ipyim i nepe^oBcis 
jKpalHCbKi conjHjicnuiieAepajiicTH. Ha ypoHHCTiu stiKpHTTio yKpatactKoro 
Kjiiooy b EhM (19. TpaBHs) c.-$. JI CTapimbKa-HepHaxiBCbEa 
b CBOiii npoMOBi, aBepHemft ;i,o npncyTHhoro rtHep. CKopofla^CbKoro, bh- 
cjiOB.iioBa.ia neBsicn. i TBep^y Haflifo, „ni,o Ti, xto aapaa jj.epa;nTt y csofit 
pyitax jjojiio YKpalBH, KopiicTanimyTbCH ,T,onoaroroK> mupin cimiB S r i;paira 
Ta cuiirLnHM cmiaMii BnBejyTb fi na iujibx caMOcriifHoro BUtHoro aoiTTa* 1 . 
TeHepaJ GKopona^cbKHn bUiiobIb Ha n,e b CBoiil npoMOBi, mo b ocHOBy 
no.iiTHKH bib Kjra^e jjestOKpaTimm npHHoinH i oyji;e mirpo Ix j,Oflep;KyBaTiiet. 
Ha He'iepi, mo oyjia BJianiraBaHa nic;ia „o<piii,ifi.u.Hoi 'lacTHHii CBjrra", 
., mupi chhh YKpalffH 14 (pp. JlyKaceBiiq, A. fajiiu i imuii) sHOBa 
BiiajiJi „acHOBejtMoatuoro nana reTbiaHa' 1 i BiicjoBjrwBajm iigbhictl, mo 
bih He saoy^e Ix cboisiii mhjiocthmjt, a fOHepaj CKopona;i,cbKHH b CBoiit 
npOMOBi „m,e paa npoxaB BipHTH, mo Bk ysHBe Bcix aaxo/UB so Toro r 
mp6 YKpama oyjia BiitHOio i HesajiesiHOio'', i o6iHHB iipan,ioBaTi£ chlilho 
3 yKpaiHCbKOH) jpi6H0K) oypxyaaieK). I, cupaB^i, aiarem „mnpiix cnmB 
yKpaiHH" feHepaji CKopona^cbKirir ^as xjiiG (^. ,3, op me hi; 0, I. Kpa- 
ckobcbkhh, II. XoaoftHHH, C. HI e ji y x n h, 0. IHyjitniH, 
II. CTe6HHD;bK3ii}, I. Ca.i i k bclkhh , CiiBiHCii; n ii. 
A. Ta-iiu, ^;p. JlyKaceBHi, KapnMHCLKii it i me KijiLEa ocid 
oj;epaKaJiu piaari iipHaHavceHHa b reTbMancbKO.iiy ypafli). Aje ilium jkbsw 
i to OuiLiue hk OKpeMim ocoCaa, uepcoHa.ii.HO, tsk 611 mobhtk, a ne hk 
upe^cTaBKHKaji iieBHoi' kjach. 3arajibHMH se Haupas bojiIthkh, Beet 
ypajjoBim aiiapaT — b u,eHTpi i Ha juci^ix — 3aji]iniaBca i;Ltkoii b bio- 
aonoJibaoMy BoaojdHBB boxheoI ai'papHOi i hpomhcjiobc^ 6ypacya3il, aEa 
b CBOlil ftiajitHocTii aoBcLif irtopyBa;ia yKpalactKy Api^Hy Sypsyaaiio, 110- 
.lOHaBfflH i Ha^iio yKpalHctKoro MiJuaHCTBa ia KypKyjiis — „acHOBe.ir.Jii:a;- 
Horo nana reTbMaHa". 

PiacHi yKpainctKi n xjii6opo6H", caiocTifiaiiKii, ec-e$u noiy.ra, mo 
I'iniiT :hin;x ix mr ycoByeTbca, m,o yKoxasi IxbI Mpii npo reTtManiHnay. 
an TKpalHCbKy jipi^Ho6ypa:ya3Hy Aep^Kasy, pOBBiBaroxtca, mp He bohd, 

aryfiai Hacii^KU (po3cipi3H ceaae i nijnaJii n,Lmi ecu), 3aK.niKaB ceaaHCTBO ,in op- 
raH«3anii i 3BaaKy 3 Hentp. KoaiTeTox, ll^oo BBecra opfani3an;iHity poSoTj am 
ceaHHCTBcm b .letoBHi pHBin,! (itofliCSiro ^0 TOro, sk Be.iact opfatmaniuHa pofioia 
oepea pofliTHHiiTEa b cfiopMi npo|ecifinHx ctriaoK), Heetp. KoMiiei CeaocniaKH supo- 
ohb craTyt ftis optauiaanii ceaanciBa sa nicn;fls b upo^eciHid ceaaflciKi cniintK 
„^an 3axiiwy KjflcoBiix i upo^ccifiHo-eicoHOiiHTUHx iniepecis, a mkohc j(ira oCeAHainui 
acioro yKpalactKoro cejiMHCTaa Ha Ipynii KyaiTypnoro Ta i^efiuoro nojiiTH^noro 
poaBHTKV cejianciBa," 6. MOM Bi^fiyBca a'Saj Haenis BceyEp. Pa,iH Ce.'ianciiciix 
JtenyiaTin, ai;ui1 yxsa-iiiB saxofla, nopoCaeni HeBTp. Kom. b enpasi opfaBi3an,ii ce- 
jancTEa. 



63 



a iintun K.iffca najae asic? reTi.saHiniini i CTae b niii nauyiwioio. 1 ot 
-ryi i ]n>'!iniLu:Tr.ca niawrHH yKpaiHCbKoi j*;pi6aoi 6yp;Kya3ii', Jiotiitnacrbea 
HepBynaHiifl, BtmsiKae jiyusa upo Heo6xi,i;HicTb 3po<5nTii onip TO»y Heiipo- 
ineHOMy naHOBi, 111,0 cn.ioxiiib B,iepea b r pij,ay xaiy, aoy^OBany 8 TaKHH 
Tpy^oa". 1 cib Ha nOKyri, noeTaBiimim ^rocno^apa" IT b Aaepax, aK nannnm. 
^X-iiCopofla-AeMOKpaTii" noiyBa,™ Hai10i;ihiuy Kpire^y. Bohh, mo crifflua 
nociapaaKCfl xth noBajeiiHa „aaapxn i iHOi i poB<Si8HH^E.Kof HeHTpajitaof 
Paj;n, bohh, iuo, moaiHa cicaaaTU, ,,Bi.ibHi[Mn ro.iocaMii a odpa-in reTbMfma 
i naBiTi. hochib iioro wa cboix ropoax 110 nupsy mera oopaaHH, Tenep 
1lv.n1 1: wsBtmi nouiam, Hia; HaBiTt ,,iiu,aro<ieHr' cbogh) poCoTow b BeH- 
TpaibHifi Pasi co^3jicni-i[ie;i,epa;iicTn. CTaaoBnme 6y.TO 30bcim upnKpe, 
i 3 Eboro Tpe6a Oy.io uiyicarii BSiojty. TaKO bhxojom i fiyao yTRopemifl 
b TpaBHi inieaiu 5 r Kpai'HCbKoro Hau,ioHiuF,Ho-^epavaBHoro Coioay Hapriea 
r U,emoKpaTiB-XjiiCopo(5iB, yKpaiHebKOio IlapTieHJ CasoCTiEHiiKiB-Ooiiiia^icTiE, 
yKpalHcr.K0K) Tpy^oBOK) IlapTieio, IlapTieio Coii;i jr.iiiCTiB-^E'e^efj a. 1 i cri r i 1 )<'>- 
c.ijiniwm PaflOB aaaisHHUb yspaiHii tii To-iobhoio Pa^oro BcevKpalncsKOi" 
IIoiiTOBO-Te.iei'pa<j)Hoi CnLiKii. OcTaimi #ei opfamaaqii, b HaciiflOK Ban,io- 
nii.n.aoi ilopoTbCn vKpaiHCbKoro po6iTHirn,Ti;;i a ■ocROBCfcSKX, 6opoT&6n, m,o 
iiijTpn«yBa.iaeb iioiacTii i retbiaHCtHtta ypaffosi b n^jrax j,eaopi'ani3ai];ii 
pofiiTHiiu,TBu Baaraai, uona-iu ,10 pyn lianiciHa-iieTiiiiHo-Hacrpoerai anexeaxiB 
yKpai'ucbKoro po6iTHui;TBa (nepeBasao JHTeiii'eHTCbKKx), aid a motiibjh 
ii;iu,ii>Ha.ibHoro xapaKTepy i Turin i;i opfam'aaniir 30 cniBpoGiiBHETBa 
a yKpaiHebKOio ^pionoio 6ypatya3ieto. 

Cbok) flJH.ii.HicTb >'i;pni[[.T,i;iin Haii,ioHa:ibHO-,'l,ep;[;iiKiiini Coioa liOiaB 
a Meuopbi.ia. no^anoro Hemp. CsopoHa (CbKOij 24. rpaBHs, b aKOMy ^piOna 
yi;paini'i,i;;i flypjByaaia HHCasa „c8oe*y reTbisaHOBi"' ciijyioie: 

„29. kbithh n&oro posy cTaBCK sepxaBmiB aepeBopyT, aacaiaKoa HKCTO 
yKpalHCBKa UeHipajitHa Paaa ia 11 ypsa. ripaunnitaK cuoio sia.ii.mcTb i ecu Baaa,a 
yiipanjiaaH nepeiimaa 1,0 i'etbuaHa .V'Kpa'inii fi ncieiaBjenoro msn liosoro ypafty. 

.VKpaiiia li yupaaaaerBCH npiranaieiiHM I'eiBiiaHOM KaOineiOM niaicTpiB na roiniil 

]ii,T.cTaiii ygassaHX a rpasoi! aaKOEU irpn inniacoBiiu aep'-KaBHiiii ycipil yKpainu. 
Ha iTpnaiiauoHHfi reTbaaHOM KaSbieT MinicTpiB, hk ne cBiA^iiTb aaaia 
n. I' e t b s a h a s'lsxoBi'X.'iifiopoSiB-j^eiiOKpaTiBi o$in,iaai.Hi aK*ra, 
Biisani yjinaojc b poa'acneHHa MafiflyTHLo'i iioro noaiiHUE, jioKaaseno oflosa30K 3j,iu- 
cnaiit taepjy Maay na VKpaiai, saaecru .ia.i i chokiS n ji,c;>;Kaiii, npn saCeaneienino 
inTepecin, sik mnpriKin tipanro»iiii BepcTB, ?as i bcloto aioffy na yKpa'ini, npOBO- 
:umi TBepjy- iianioEa-ibiio-sepiKaBHy nojuiBKy a nanpaju CKpiiuoitaa caMOc'ituHOcrH 
J"«paiHciKoT jl,epa:aBH i aafiesrreiCBHa inTepecin yicpauicLKiiro napo^y, m° MBopaa 
jlepavasy ia CXpEBSB II nisBajnFom, upii ifOBHitt ToaepaHTHOc™ 30 nnmuz napcvB 
yKpaiaa. 

Aae mix 3aBjaHi i ofloaa3KiB yrsopeHijii KaSiflei ainicTpiB ae BBKOsye i bh- 
KpHaTit ne Moxe. Jlo.iiTiiKa i suuibhictj. iioro fae 3obclm; b npoTH-iearain BaiipaMKy. 
KafiiHei a i u i c t p i b e He-yKpalncbKiifl no c joi; csiajj 
I _u c jj I 8 noiiimii fi p i c n t a n i t B KaGiHOT HiHidpiB ae 
BBuimjiH itpe r icTaBn!nsB yKpa'incLKiis mumi'intix uapTiS i TKpaincLKHx rposiaa.ctKHi 
fpJB (vKjiaini-bKi siaii), aid Bjacne i TBopiwH .VKpainoBiiy ^epxaay. B mobhh Ea- 
MiHeT MiiiiwpiB bbIBbijii poeiiicBKi EajetH, okthGphcth Ta Baaraai npeaeraBHHKit tux 
rpOHaflCBMEt BB-yKpaiHCBKHx fpyn, aai aaBx^ii BopoiKe crannaHcB ro yitpB3BClKOW 
pyiy i -J.Q yKpa'iHcBKo'i KepKaBHOCTB, no6op»B«ai ix a ycm cm b ins „c,uino'i, ae- 
^iJiHMOi Pocil". AnTHniaen,BKa opieaTan,in n,iix naprii i tpyn, opiemanjn b (tit Ah- 
TaHTu, bcib saaao ii aaraniHo Bijuosa. Ui naptil ia (pyna BCiaBHaact na .Vui>aiiii 
cbocK) ofipyeirrejiBBOio, aHTHj;ejiOKpaTH<iHoio ^uuBuicTXi, i tomv npiuuirKaHna Is y,o 
BaacTH h'likom eupaBeaanBO yTBopiiao noaae acxoBippa b yKpaiaeBKia Hapost S° 



— 64 — 



renaanciKoro ypasy b cnpaBi uaaevnaoro BiiuomeHiiir 3 iioro (Sony a,o iHTepeeiE yKpa'iB- 
CBBoro aapoay. Cbogjo noaiiHEOH) i ^iH-iinicTio hobmB ypsa, A ae rpynT i niaciaBit ;yw 
DOBnoro Hefloeippn i HaBiTB Bopoatoro BUnomenus j;o Htoro mjipoKnx ifapcgQux Bar,. 

3a HoBoro ypajiy noranpiiB cbom a'HTu.i.epa.-aBiiy fi anTiiyKpaiacBKy xjttLBicib 
„PyccKiii Cojo3t." na yirpaiiii, aKHii nocTaaiiB co6i acHy Beiy; M06i.-1i3a11.i10 cm jluh 
BiafiyflyBanBa „ejuiHo'i ue^hiiso'i Poci'i.'' U neil com Bjoajm 'Mean piatniii pocifi- 
! i.kiii napTui, bis ^esoKpaTiniiiii .no KpaiiHii peaKiuoBepin, nTa;e ii ri napTii 1a 
rpoaa^ciKt rpynu, no bkhx naje»:aTi i iJieBtt cyqacHoro Kafiiflwy MiHicTpiB. Mjieitu 
„PyeeKaro Coioaa" Ha yKpalni npHTaryjoTBca hobhb ypa^oM no nepataBnoI potion. 
.-ias^aHHs: saaecTH aaa. i cnoKii! na yKpalni — ne rijtKO no ipcaraeTica, a ocara- 
wiica peayjinaTH, s.iaaerpa.'iiiHo npoiHaeacni, 

iiafiopoHa sIsiJb sends, aieT, a ocofiauBo po6iTHinoro fi cejiBBci.Boro3"i;i,i.iii, 
poariH ocTaaatoro iiubltl 3 jonoaoroio adpofinoi cnan, b toS Mac hk fl03BOJiai<,Ti.i:n 
3"iiisn npeACTaBHiiKiB KaniTajry, Topronai i neaHKoT seae-UHOl BaaenocTH, tLibkr 
aoace iiepeKoiraTH HinpoKi tipau,ioK>>d Haen b Tia, mo noBtifi ypaa, ctota aa aapri 
ae is iHiepeciB. Hacaixtoi aaGoponn ce.tanci.Boro 3'Issy CTpaaiHi: na safiopoua kh- 
nyaa fii^Hime ceaaHcrao b p03nyiiy i fieanopa^Hicit; iepe8 le noBciaaa. cKpiab. 
CTpamna neHaBHcrt #0 rocmj^apiB-xjiifiopoeiB, yfiHiiciBa it, niAnanii, amini,eHmi, 
cnami nociBiB i Tara name. Sama KOnicapiB i KoaeHfl.aiiB, a lacoa i'x yaajnenan 
6ea cysy la cjii^ciBa fi BacTanoB-ieBna 11a Si aicn,e oei6 ne-yKpamcisoi opicBTani'i, 
a to fi yEpalnoatepia, *iacoa a 6yBumx a;aHn;apaiB i no3in.ei1ci.KHi npiictaBiB, ani, 
3asicn,i 6opOTi6n 3 anapxieio, fioproiLea 3 yKpa'incLKiiM easHentOB yps^onoro auapaiy 
Ta 3 yKpaiiictKHM eaeBOBTOM rpoaaacbitux i flepsaSHBl ini.-TUTyn,ifi. Paaoa a thji 
p03Ba3yioTi.ca seaOKpaTHini opfanii caaoBpa^vBauua i pecTaspyjOTBca crapi aeajoui 
ojMii i 3enMBa. Tana oxao6iina b inTepecax BeaBuoi aeaeataoi BjacnociH ii catii- 
Tajy, SesTaKTBa, a to fi acopcTOKo CpjTajLiia ftiafliBicti HononoctajLieHoi asuini- 
crpanji oOypioi! BCi BepctBH vKpaiBCLKoro aapojy, a bs^to ccjian. Hosa ajpiim- 
CTpaitin BijK])Hja cKpiai. noii^, npoTit yKpal'HCTBa fi yKpai'HCtKoro pyiy, npjinHHHt; 
^iflJ-tHicTt n lIpoeBiT"; yKpa'iHctKi ^iawi, a to fi npoera cBi.ioai yKpainni ua npo- 
BiBttil ncpecjiiayioTica i apeaiT_vit>TLCB. Hapij sac Bci nvicTaBH nepeKonaTnct, nto 
Sje piniyja i 6e3orJiaj;ua peciaBpanja t'Taporo nafly b HaHiOHajiBniM i con,ia;[tHii 
posyninni. J'paA npoBaiaii rasy aoxtraty, as 6h peBoaion,iI 30Bcix ne Oyao, 
i n,ijiKOii itnopye yiBopeny pcB03K)n,ieio CBUonicrj. aapojtHLi Mac. Pimyia i Hocai- 
jOBiia aaiiiHa no scii xiHiciepciBaz yBpaiucBKoro e.imieHTy He-yKpainciKtia eaeHeH- 

IOS, rOJIOBHHM 1UH0H BeMKOpyCLKHB, BHTHCUeflfln 3 yajBTKy yKpalHCBKOl HOBH no 

HiHicrepcTBai — xoBippn HosoHy ypaj,OBi ne yrsopaTi. 

B cyai 3H0By aanasvBaja pociiicLKa MOBa, AKa hoku-b;o oGaBaeaa piBHOnpaB- 
hok) 3 yKpa'ineiKOKi. CyajajiH, naBin na bueu noca^H, npnimaiaHiTBcn jaj^e i ue 
3 rpouaflan yiqjalnciKO'i Jl,epa:aBH. MiBirap cyjoBui cnpan fldaa He lipo jTBOpenna 
VKpalECiKoro cyay, a npo 36epeHcenifa npaB i npHBiuieiB OiopoKpaTiB CvbiboI caao- 
AepsaBHoI PociJ. B ainicTepcTBi ocbIth, HauBaatBimia jyia aamoi bojioaoi J,epacaBH 
b 5! 6ysyiiB po3BnTKy, as aaeao aiHicrpoa xo^ i yKpama.8 po^oM, a.ie pocificiKoro 
KaffMa, HRiiii uiaic hc aoaie aifliiiTH Bi^ raKTHKH Ta iipanTHKii tBoel napTii, HafiBiKiB- 
.i!iBi[B,o'i jja nainol jepataBBOCTH, i, BaBiaKH fioro po3iiopasKaa, ^epataBHa aoia, m.i» 
noTpifiye b bikoji BafiOiibiBOl iriflTpusKH, aajHraatiTLca na B.iacni cuaH b (iopoTi.fii 
3 aocKOBCbKOio, aKa floci eggBi iianyBaaa b BiKo.ii; yBLTl.ueaHM noBHH aiiiicTpoa 
scii flBpesTopiB Ta iHeneKTopiB mKta i saaajiena bum aBTonoaia Bim.i, npa hobrx 
BHfiopax Ha u;i nocaj;H hkLoibiiii pa^aMH, m.o coaAaiOM,ca 3 JieHan,ioHaai30BaHnx 
eaeaeHTiB, BuronaBBX y Bopownesi so yKpamcEKo! ijei, nanepe^ 3a6e3nenye ycy- 
iieuna yBpa'iacbKiix ue^afofiB mn KepoBHnr(TBa ocBiioio. Paaoa 3 ocBiroio irpeOa 
SBepHyra yaary na nepKBy, aKa oOaBJiena nanoa I'eTtaanoM Aepat^BHOio. A npoie 
aa uao reTiaancTBa BoiioBBBUHii nadpifi moceobcbkoT n,epKBH HafipaB ocoSaHBOi 
CHXS: ise noii,t npora yKpalnctKoro co(5opy, aasoaaTtca HOBi MHiponoail, nariHKa 
na yKpalnn;iB-sjTtoBHHi 36i.iBmyeTi.ca ao KpafiHocni, Hama sep»>aBHicTL b HepBBi 
3aaoBiyeTica aCo npoin ne3 poGjibtbch o;iBepii BHCTynn Ta Bsaraai po6aTtca ace 
aoat-'iBBe, nioO 3a BcaKy n;iay tie jonycTHTH ^o yTBopeHBH aBTOKe^ajitnocTH namoi' 
HepKBit. Hauie BJSciKO, m.o BUorpano rojioBHy poaio no Bi^SyaoBaHBio naniol ,i e P7 
ataBH fi ccpcn BKoro «ctb HafiGuiBUie naTpioriB i $aiOBnJB bchkofo poajr sfipol, BHai 
cbuoho pyiinycTtca i saainaGiica Hoc.KOBCi.KnB eaeaenToa a(5o b Kpamia paai niaKoa 
fiafiijKHa so yKpalnciKOl cnpaBn. 



65 



BiiKOHj'KiqHfi o6obh3KH aitiicTpa — .ijo^nna S'spatHi cTopoHHa, a Mae aariiinTii 
iioro teHepaa,*) npo skoto HaM Bijoao .inme t*, mo. BuaoaniBimt iopiK nU <I>ok- 
manojiH jtna KOpnycn yKpaSflnJB (Vll i VIII), BxuuaB noiia Miosis, afin saniKosHTn 
yspalnisanii BtttctKa sopjqeua'i Homy apsis, Bmicnaio'm CKpiss ■ apart yi;pa'iHiuH, 
aaaoanifcca pasoa, Baaicn;i KOHTp-po3Bisitu, noaiinwiy nmioHaasy, Kysn nafiipasmeH 
Ha cayatfly ocooh, Boposii He iua.m yKpa'incrBy, aae i Bcaml *ep«&BHOCTH (an, 
nanpirea., OoaLniennKn). Mopcwte MLniCTepciBo, m,o Tan nan noTpiGae, 60 nine : 
aoporoKooiTOBHa $3LOTa,^ 3onci* He aopfaaisoBaHe. Seaeasna cnpaaa, raua 601101a 
i Tana Hefieaneina b uefi iac, aKa noTpifiye mm cefie HaiiSijrLmo'i ysarn, nopenaerica 
b pynri xaKnro ,,-iiHia", aKHii, nisCopoM co6i TOBapHmiB (He-S'KpaiHB,iB) i nianomeB- 
hhs so ^aix cniBpoOiiHUKiB no ainicTepciBy, apaay s 3yaiB BnoBKara npora cefic 
anme sarajii.ne ooypeBHH. Seaejitni aaKonit TnaiacoBoro Pociikinoro ypasy ii 
HeufpaJitBoi Pasn rpaMOToro n. PeTLaana enacoBaai, a hobj naBiTi ho HaariieHi, 
mo ajace lanjioe yitpaiHCiKi naposHi aacH. Ha Moai ainicTepcTBa npanj laKoa: no- 
uiinnn 6 ctosth juosnna 3 yKpa"iHn,iB, ftmusa jo pofioinx aae, a ae 4>axoBeni>- 
npiMJiecop, CTopoHHiii jopyieuifi fioay cnpaBi, >iepe3 mp i b MiniciepMBi an Oainao 
bum' 11 }" nonepesnix aaKonin i noBHy nea,ocTaiy iainiaTHBJi yTBopemin spBBX Ha 
qoai MimcTepcTBa ^isanciB nocTasaena moaiiHa, s°<>P e Biaosa yKpaSnctKMiy rpo- 
ma^aucTBy no cbo!h nonepeanin npanj b TaTMiiiBctida Koaiiexi, ano CBisoMnii 
sopor yBpaiiictKo'i iae'i. Ha noai ainicTepcTBa Topry i npoaiicaoBocra noctaBJCii' 
jjeTa, aoCae nisoaoro sopora yKpa'iaciKoI nepataBHocTH i SipaceBoro cnen,iHjicTa, 
a 30Bcin ue ijiaxanna ^opyitenol fioay enpann; loaosiKa, akiiu Gyae lann (i b-kc 
Tarae) ao 8afle3ue>ieHBa iHTepecia oKpeaoi Kascn aioaen, a ne no noctanoBKH %\na. 
b s«P a:aBB > M poasipi i flo caaocrifiaocTH naraoro Topry ra npoancioBOCTH B H83a- 
aest-HocTit i'x bij aooKOBOtieoI AepataBH ; aaa n^oro b nepnry <iepry huh npoDojutTicn. 
CKacysaHHa ^ep;KaBno'i KOHTpoai Has ToproBjieio i uopio^paHKO na aocKOBCMtia ko]),t.ohu 

yKpalHctKoi hobh MinicTp He npii3nae, a Toay HasaaaB, m,o6 Bei pe^epain 
noaaBajHCL fioMy Ha HocKOBCiKifi hobi. B MinictepcTBi xap'ioBnx ciqiaB iob. aini- 
CTpa, ii,iyin nponi nocTanosn BceyEpainciKoro Coioaa rieacrB, jae po3HopajoK npo 
nepesa^y BCtoro aauaa Co»3a iJeacTB i ToposiB iieHipa.ii.niiM mockobpikiim iifi-ri!- 
Tyn,iHa. MiniciepcTBo 3aKopj;onnnx enpan nijKna sjieaopianisoBaBe: Heaa Hi aiiii- 
cTpa, hi Boro TOBapnmiB, ni aaKopsonnoro npe,iCTaBunn;iBa. A cnpaBa — Hame cy- 
<iacue aiacHapoaae noJioa:eHHa — Baaarae j," c e<5e HEaBHoI ysani. CnpaBH 3 KpiiaoM, 
Eecapaflieio, najnuan ciiaaian cycUaan (HiBseHno-Cii^flia CoB3oa), ciqiaBa aiipy 
3 MocKOBffl,nnoro, swacLKa enpaaa i, na-penm, Ho.iaro r ia;eHHa HenopoayainL no aaiuiia 
aiipoBna yaoEaa 3 Henipa-iBHiian Jlep/KaBaan — Bee n,e noipiOye BeraKaoro pos- 
Esiaanna, 60 KoacnHil jent npoBo.iiKaniia nece iiaiuirt ,;epjEaBi HeCMCJOHi 3<>nTKii. 
Haiinaaraima in^)opaan,i3na opfaniaa^a ypajy — JepacaaHe TeacfpaiJiHc AieHMBo 
flopyqeno ciapopeiKHaHnKOBi fi oauripmuH Boporaa yKpaiHCBKOro pyxy — rajHUtKHa 
aocKBO^Liaa, hki pooViaiB o|iin,iH]iiinoKi boboio AfencTBa aocKOBCBKy aony. 

TaKiia innoa, sea no^iTHKa HOBoro ypa.iy tLuhi sflijibniBaa anapxiio i 3ano- 
jioth no cc.iax: HiBn;i,Kiia Teanoa CTHZiftso naponae osaofijieHBH cejiHHciKiu Mac. 
arti itonyjH cefie neneBiinan n;o-so o^epataaHa 3eaai, npo mo cenancTBo apiaao nLii 
bjkh. BoaMDCBnsa 3hobv hoisb HaoiipaTii cnan no ceaas. IIoia.incL eKen;ecH, oa- 
Cpoeniifi oni]>, DOOBesi, enani na noaimnn;i.Kii[ sea.ii, BHKomyBaHHH ciosia, atopcxoKa 
poaiipaBa 3 Tnan, mo na 3"i3ii xjiiuopoOiB Tarjn pysy BeJiHKO-3ejieiitnBi BJiacntiKiB, 
i t. n. 3'aBHBca i noian lunpninca cinxiunnil atjrapHiiu xepop. npn MKnx yaonas 
iiiaKa 3opouna cnjia b enpani aanpoBajyuennn ciiokow i aasy na yKpalm j(onoaorxn 
ne aaoate. Hpn TaKin yaonai .VKpaluctKa JepacaBa He 3aoa:e BHKonaTB C8OI1 
odoBasKiB no anposoay jorosopy 3 Hcnrpa-iiiinaH J],epjfiaBaHD. Bee 30801,1116, mo 
cyi&CHHH KaGinei amicipiB npaTTBaTn sepaiaBy Bis aHapiti u Ceaaaasa, ycraHOBUTH 
TBepay Bjiasy, oaepxy na xoBippio naposa, ia 3ain,HETH caaocriiiny F^alHCtsy 
Sepataay ne saoace, iioay nn3me nisnncaai yBpa'iecBKi napTii ft opiaaiaaniS bbcbo- 
BaioioTL iioay soiji Hesosippa. ^oOpnii sepaiannnfi jas aoace aasecTH 
TuitKH HanioHaainnfi jteioBpaniEDu KafiiHei, CK-iasciniB b 6iav 
mocth a bisombx yKpa'iuctKui siaiin, B3araii 3 ocifi yKpaSHCiKoS opieHTan;iI, fflKi 
6 H&.1H noBHe soaippa mapoKni yKpainctKiix Mac. 

i; 11 1 u, 21. TpaBHa 1918 p. 

*J fl^e aoaa npo fcHepaaa P a 1 3 y. 
XpuciwK. IcTopia reaojtwail. 111, 









66 — 



]i ijiiiiii yKpaiECBBHX itapriu i opfani3an,iii uia,BHcaau yuOBBOBaateai: yspa- 
i u c i, Koi II a p t i 5 CanocTiiiniiKiB-ConiaaictiB, yKpaiiiciKOl 
TpyAOBO'i Ilapiil, II a p r i I ^euoKpaiiB-XniSopoOiB, II a pi i I 
Can,iaaicTiB-*ej;epanioTiB, OdejiiaHOI Pa^n 3 a a i -i u h u i, 
y b p a I a h, r o a o b a o I Pa^E BceyKpalncbKoS II o i t o b o - T e a e- 
fpaijmol CnUm." 

BlIMOBHBIIlll HUTJJI He^OBippjI reTMaHCbKOJiy IipaBlITlUhCTBY I UO- 

I'THBiiBwn nepej. fenepajiour CKOpona;i,oi.i;ii>r misory yi;paTju.i;iu;i'i" iiojIthkii 
i Bcix sepaaBHiix opiaaiB na YKpaim, a napaiieabHOio ^eaoKpaTnaaii;ieK> i'.\ 
b ipiSHoCypaEyaanoiny poayMiiimo, ]laii,i<ma.iMiii- l,«p;i;aimiiii Uohw rnacaes 
iriamme 3BepHyB<ai si cKaproio na npiiKpe cTaaoBiiine yKpaliiciiKoii r tpi6ii(Vi 
Gypxyaail b J'KpaiiicbKiii ,l,i-p;i;arii jsfl uiMeiy,Koro Hapo^y. 

„>' CTpaauaBHHX i bohiixchiiK) HpoSyBaB yKpaiHCbKiift aapi.T, nia, aoCKOBCfcKaa 
inuiyBaaaaa Glabra, am jea 3 noiioBiiHOto CToaiiTH, — imcaB b n,Lii eBSpti Han;io- 
na.itHO-jI,epa;aBHiiii Cohm. BaiKiicaa fiy.ia Kiiiira ;kmtth Koro. Aae b r.iiifiiiuas 
HapoaBioro Ayra neamiBuo ropiaa iaea bLilhoI caMociifinoI yKjiaimi. I ko.iu seaiiKa 
peBOiiioii,ia cTpyoniiyaa ipaiaBBii, ipyiaHii opfaHi3a Poci5, 3-uia aoiriay Ta pyiiia 
t'sBHSCB XOXOXBJ HapU, mofi nofiaaiiHO yiBopuiu cboio caaocriBEy ^eparaB)'. Ta 
.le^fid 6yaa ornaoiueHa nepe;i, niaaa cbwom BiApoAiKeaa yKpametna JJepacaBa, jie^Be 
viqianictKHit aapiA apofinB airpoBy 3rojiy a U,eHTpaabHaau ,1,epa;aBaani, iik KoaaniHiii 
noHeBojiHim yspalKB — MOCKOBctKa aanja oroaocaaa KpiaaBy BiiiHy yapaiHcbKOMy 
Hapo^oBi. i b $opai Tan 3Bauoro 0oa£EieBH3My aocKOBCbKiiii aapiA 3a,iiiB CBolaii sap- 
BapciKuau opaaaii xepuiopiio J'Kpa'mii ; aocKoBctiri BapBapH mctbjhch 3a BijoKpea- 
.leHBii yKpaimi, Qiypwioin Teaai ce.iaHctKt aacu xexafofHiHaxH saouieaaii, aoc- 
KOBCtKi opAH njnonapyBajiB, rpaoyBaan ii pyfiayBaaii yKpalay. A.ie, pyfiayiOSH 
_vi;pa'iHC[»Knfi aapiA, Bupiayroin iioro iHTejiifeHnim, bohb Bupa3Ho ma^uaH aoCKOBCKy 
Ta SHRiBClny KOJn.oni3aniK> Ha yKpaini. Mbtoio aocKOBCBKOi Haaaan Gyao 3BiiBi.nTii 
yKpalacBKy caaocriaaicTb, Bnpiaaia nponi^nHKiB yapalacbaoro HapoAy. Ha rope coOi, 
nisHo 3po3yaiE yKpaiJiCBKiift napia; cnpaBacBi iiUi MockbhhIb. Bih iaB ceCe oaypnin 
CpeuiHBHMH woBaaH i, aaaicm toto, mf>6 3flpoiiH0K) pyKoio BHTpomiiTii Hacn.iuiHKiB 
i BDKHHyTH ii 3 yKpalHH, in,ort Ha 3aB5E^ii cbok) caaocTiimiCTi i Be3M«EHic:r& aaOss- 
neiUTii, jTcpaiHctKiiH Hapi;j, 3^e6iji£moro nacHBHO Bi^ociiaca ao Cio.iBaieBiim.Ko'i aa- 
Ba.iu. Tii^imiic j'KpalactKe irpaBitTe.itCTBO aayuiese 6yao ou;ih!uiitl cto.ihuki yxp&Ina, 
Kbib, i ae3a6apoa nooa>in.io, mn HaBitt icrayBaiiHa caao'i yKpalnetnoi r J,p]i-,i;aun 
garpoxase, 

B neii rpisHHl aoaenT boho oOepHyjio cboI oaa xo BeaBKoro i aoryrHtoro 
liiaeittKoro Bapa^y, 3 hkub yKiialani mKO.ui lie BoporyBMH na acia npoiH3i cbocS 
iCTOpil, uapo.iy, JO iikoio yKpalBD,! aawiB TpaaHHiflnv iiomany. I 0% n,boro iiapojy 
yKpaiua o,T,ep'.ca.'ia EuJiiKo^ymay noai'i, HiMeaiHHa, a noiia AecTpo-yropntnna, 
1100.1 a.m Kn;i;,ia i'biu: niRciiKo na noaii yspalai. Ti BificBKa irpiiufflJii, moo" ionoanrTii 
yiqiaiactKOMy BiBctKOBi BHraaTii 3 yKpaSiin aocKOBCBKi op^H. ^1,0 BHyTpiniEis ctipas 
yKpaiactKot J(,epacaBB jonoaoroBe bIBciko hc maao BTpyyariifH, hk npo u,e CBijiuib 
3M1CT Tejitipaau Kaanjicpa T e p t a i a ( a y Bisnoai,'!,!. na mielpaay yBpalactioro 
Miiiii'Tpa-iipesiijieHTa l' a y 6 b h h a, b jiKirt B, «i;b iiuuiiia, orci CJOBa: „!I aaio 
■ ■jii.iiiBicTi, aaaBHTU, mo bk TiaLKii bb irpiuiaetc ,io ltepeKonaHBa. mo PiijiaEa Hiaem.iaix 
isiiioBK cKiHieHa, aoraiiiro tfyi;e naanh aasas npo (1 i:uni;t. u yupaiHctKa iBreaifeaEia 
3 eHiy3iasaoa BUTaaa Boro BeanKoajniuy iioai'i, yxpalHCEKKfi aapia bcjusko^vuiho 
apniiaaB roCTe&-BH3BojbniiKiB i oio'ie jiaaBca 3 uisieiibKUB aapo,i.o« xiifloa— cba». 

Aae no aipi toio, hk BtMen.LKO-aBOTpo-yKpa'iiici.Ki iiiiicLiia BiiraaaaK 3 yi;paiHH 
aocKOBCBBi opaa, Bonaaa Ay^e BpocTaTB aeHaBHCTb r t,o yKpalHCBKOro iiapoiy y tut, 
ito 5yB paAHil b;bm opaaar, xto iienaBHAiB i^eio yitpaiHCBKOS JepaiaBU, Koay ao- 
BeBO.ieHHii yKpa'iactKoro Hapojiy ijsfi n;i KopHCTt. MocKaai, Xljl Ta noab- 
i'Iks u.niia nofia^nan ceGe 3arpoateniian spocroM yKpaluctKoi ^epKaBauf'Tii 
i, 6e3euaiai ctaiu ao oABepio'i Copoiida, bohm aonaaa obo'I uorafiai ifltpitiu. Ue — 
xaiai Bopom japaintnoro 11 a p a y. B fioabaieBBabKO-aocKOBCbKia 
iiu'i':i,i,i AoGa'iaaa yspalBCbsi MocKaai nonepaeuua caoro Hanjonaaiiioro uaiivBaiiBB 
aaA yKpaiHCiKHa aapoAoa, noBepaCHiiH cabhoi Pocil ; iepe3 Te aaBiTt noaimiiKii- 
tfocKaal, aaKaKi'iiitL eonjaabaol upcifpaau fioaLBieBimiB, BnTa.111 Boporra uaaytuioi 



■ 

— 67 — 



"■ « "»* • - ■ , 






MliCKOBL'tKOi SOU1I fi MOCKOBCkKOTO KV.IliKa llll.l J"l;|iiU'lHiki. /lill.llTlri.Klll'i Bapi,!,, Myp- 

jKyasifl BKoro BJKe hukom B'acflmnOBaiaca no Slob! 3 MocKaaaMii, oa<uiTt y BijoKpea- 
.[,'iihk. .VKpa'ina 1ep1iT0pia.11.He cuopoiieBBa caoe'i ToproBejiHO-npoaiicioaoi .thi-ilhoctii, 
a b Hau,ioHaJBHi« i Kyjaiypaja ai;i.po,i,xeiniio vKpai'BCbKOro ce.iamina nOa'iaae fies- 
iiocepeaHJO 3arposy cbobj" 3BUKJioMy cnocoSoai acniia TaproBeaiaoro noeepejuiiKa. 
IKhxibCBEhS iiapu nparHe brhhoI Pocil i HeflaBHjHTt yKpalaciicy cajtocTianieTB. 
ll,i,n,ci,Ka masxta, aaio'in Bejiii>ie3Bi aacTKii sa .V'spalni, HenpiixajtBHo ciaaiiTtca ,io 
jepataBKoro aiapoaHceaua yKpai'BCBKoro aapojy. Orate, ofieaHam HeaaBHCiio jo 
vi:p:i'iuci.Koro napo,iy, Mocnaai, IK Hsu i IIo.ibkh aoSa'iaioit csiil 
ii ,, p « iy uok TiatKH b iix, m 6 yKpaiHci>KHft Hapoj nepecBa- 
11 s HiaentKUM. Tacao no H,Loro nofta.ni upesciaBHiiKH mockobcbkoi ia 
atujQBCUtf neaoKpaTiii, mo Ha npaBax MJieHiB UeHTpajiMioi Paflit aaciaajiB u Ma.iiii 
I'a.ii i pofinjiM ijesKoHeHfli 3aniiin. PoBjMjsyiOTU fte-ari jeajioaHauHi B«iaaKn 3 ,\iiut- 
Hocni itiaeHiKoro nifictKa fi nmflxmn nix BiuHEas nepaiopaftHe ^epataBHe snaiinna, 
bohu tncie«aTi«ao ii cbi^omo npoBOKyBajni yupafncbKO-HiacaiKi Bi^noCHHn. A thm- 
lacoH i nacK0BCiK0-3EH;iLBC£Ka oypatyasia no'iaaa BaiainTyBaTB uponi yapaiHCBBoro 
napo,\v, BncBHaKmn BiMewite KoaaHftyBaHHii, mo 3piaoI iHicaireanii yitpaiHCBKOi He- 
11,11-. mo yseci aapia ysp&iacwmft' cnjiasatiTBcn 3 npocroHapo,iuH, SHKoro ra HesyjiB- 
rypHoro. MocKOBCBTfo-jKiijijacBKa rtyparyaaia, BKasyKi'iii 11a CKKag UeHipaiBHOi Pa3.11, 
ninmiima, mo Hi6n hhliihx KyjiBiypfliix a»AeK, as ii, m<) b ILeHTpiuBHiir Paxi, yitpalH- 
CiKiifi irapift 30BCIM He aae. ii apyroro 60KJ, Mociuuri ii iKnaii aocepe.tsio fi 6e3- 
nooepesHO BiTeBnn.111 yKpaiaCBKOi'o ee.iaHHaa, mo HeHTpa-iBiia Paaa npoftaaa y«palHy 
llianiia, m<> Hiaaj npniiiujiH 3 inn, in,o6 noBepajTM 3eiLiio iiaHaa, n; " ne aonycTiiTH 
iii:n;ux ito.-iiTii'iHiix Ta nin,injibaHx pe$opa, m,o6 uoHeBo.iiiTH yitpaiHy aflo iipa sarofti 
iiaii.iaiiiTii .VKpa'iHOio AHtaii, 'tpaHHii Ta MocKOBinimi. 

J' k ji a i h c h k a i h t c .1 i 1 r h n i 11 — h a n, i n a .i 1 11 o - e b i j. m i 
aepxH yKpaiHCi. koto Hapoay fly.in I'aMe to.ti a i ,1, i n x a j t i 
vipaiHCHdii n i B 11 s 11 c 11 n. i a .i i c t a» 11 Bift yciiBi b 11 a 11 b i u 
i .: it a 'i i h h 11, i lepea Te bobh ae Ma.m aiioru aanofiirru Bopo;i;HM 3axoji.as moc- 
KOBCi.Ko-;t;n,i,iiii'iiKoro KOMiuioTy, bkhu Has IBM Gi-iLHiy I'li-iy, mo iloro Bi^TpnaysaiiH 
i"i no-iBCBKi itoitijuMKB Ha yKpaiiii. liaii.isiKii hiisi oaapajf, Hoaajy yTBopsaoct hue 
IlinHiiMii ii .VKpa'iiin,HMB o6oni,5BHe HeHopo3yniHiia. Iio.ni a: biiiiiiicih ueiiojioayrnHHa 
iuk ii ai;K yi:])aLHCBKiiJi iipaBiiTe.iiiCTBOM, ase bmi.hj rosopuTii tijikii bobok couiaaiciiB, 

i uiilchKOBlIM HiMeHLKIIB KOMaBJiyBaKBaM, HKe I'OBOpH.IO M0B0IO aOHOBHHKin, TOfti 

na.ufiiii.iii ndxH BUtHOCm, i nepsivHi aiai Bafipaiii 30Bciii HOBoro xapaKrepy: upuiinjn 
HeBipyiaHBH ,t.o i!HyT]?iBiHix yKpalHCBKBi cnpas oj'B HapyuieHHU. 

Tua'iacDM a yKpalHCBuiH napoai Bij6yBaiaca npHpoftBa i sjopoBa peaKB,ui 
npoTH yToniruiHx, HeasintcBiix i hikU.iiibhx 3axonaeHi, oco0.ihbo b afpapHiii cnpaBi. 
Un peaKnin ilui.ia ftaojia ni.iiiMaiiH : ojHa lacniHa aea.icB.iacBBttBKoro ceaaHCTBa, 
30piaHd30Baaa b coio3h ate 3a aocKOBCLKoro caao,T,ep:i:ana ;ieaciKnan Haia-'iBHREaim, 
fliiJ.ia nij npoBoftoa bockobcbkhx i nocKO^iaBCBKiix aoaiiHHKiB ; r i;pyra lacTHHa 
x.ii<Jopo6iB, aopfaaiaoBaHiix yKpaSacBKoio iHie.iifeEuicio T_a 
a o m i ra, h k a s ji • a a i p i o t a m h, 6yaa nift upoaosoa ubx ociaBHis. p f a h i- 
»auii iIhijib uapisBO, aje i im i apyrns ofieRHyBaaoCawaHHa 
oSopoBHTu npBBiiin uichocih, sarpoatettiiil BiRcon,ia- 
■ i 'uTiB-yTOnicTiB. Ta ko.hi yKpai'HCLKi npoBiftaiiKii xaifiopofiiB iot'uh tlibku 
fpyniOBitoi l)eop<aHi3a^il HcbtpmbhoI Paaii it npaBHTedicraa BBefteHBita Ciypxyaa- 

11I1X yKpaiHCBKMX CMKCHTiB, B Toil "lac M0CK0BCBK1 ITlJOBiaHHKH S.lJOOpoOiB, nianiHBaiO- 

;iii'i. iii^ vKpa'iHCBKy iBKypy, xoibii noBBoro SBiimeBBa eaaoi ijci HeiiTpa.ihiifii P 
'I'peoa 3a3uaMiiTii, i"ii,o caae TOfti i b lleHipajBHiit Pa^i aa3piBajia peaunia npoTii 
.lions ci u.i:i.i icTiii. 

3aBicu;i, BBHfftaTii ii ,iaTii caaoay yupaiHctKoay aapoftOBi aiiory iiojyiKaTH 
cbom SBopoOy i sflafitH mnax ji,o Tpaaci(iopaan,iI CBOt'i peBoaion,ii1noi B.iajn, niaeB>Ke 
nifirLKone KoaaBjiyBaaHn bss.io yiaiTi. y nopeBopori. A TBopto^nt ueft nepesopor, 
itiaentKe iLKcbkobb KOBaasyBaHHn j'BitlnMo y 3roay He 3 ytpatBCBMKH, aio 3 pocifi- 
'IiKiimii iipoBiflBiiKaan. I tpefla pimy^e 3a3BaiiiTii, mo aocaoBCBKi no«imnKU bikojui 
aa aBiaotaacfi 6n ii ae tufiaaxa 6 :ipoCiBTi! iiepeBopoiy, ko.ui 6 29. kbjtbh, aift'iac 
:; i:uy s.iiuopofiiB, — :>"i;i iv, mo po3Ko.ioaea aa ;i,Bi iio.ioBnHn, siftnoBiiHO so_ pysy 
ii Haaipis CBO'ix nposijiiniKiB : a ojjioro 6tiBry MofKa.iie, a 3 jtpyroro yKpal"nn,iB, — 
K0.1H b ucii ai-iiT lie auuv.incsi, no .iai'ii.iy iiimi'Iilkoi Bii1cLi;ono"i u.ia.lii. iiyo.nn l i!ii 






— 68 — 



apeniTH UempaJfcHO'i Paaa ia npaEutenhCTBa b cbmim oyjjaHKy napaaxeB-ry. ApeaiT 
Ovn Ha.10 rac.ios. 

IlepeaopoT Bi^^a: J'cio b x a x y nayKpalni b pysi ? y at a a- 
n, i b , Boporiu yKpaiBCtKoro napo^y. MiaicTepcTBo JIa30ry6a 
ajioaceao aaeOi.iBnroro 3 ran 3Baaax Haaopocis, n,e6-io ociC vKpalactKOi Kposa, ajie 
s HocKOBCtKoio lymcio, flKi b iacn yKpaiHCLKoro aaB,ioHaiLtnoro noaeBo-aeaaH no- 
Kimy.iu CBiu napo,!., aiuura na oy»t6y xocKOBCtKoxy (Hapoflosi) i, sk peaeiaTH, me 
fi jiflci HeBaBBjan yKpaiacrso. ByafliH .no^Mta xockobceko? opieaTan.iT, somi o,*HaKOBo 
Bopoati, ax yK]ia'inci.KOMy aapo.noBi, las i aiMeubKoay aapoapBi. Ohhmheuikoi npn 
yKpaiHCBKiil BjacTH, n;i iiaiui, nia, ycflKHmi BariaBiixa npereKCTasa, BisoyBaioTi. 
EaKxaaajiio naroHeiiHa yKpalaaja a aepacaaanx aocaa,, npoiGBHcyToia no cyra pi'iit 
3 nan,io[ia.ii,Horo nor.iH^y TOpae ,t,Lio cboix o^iiiin.ii'SieBjiiiKiii-uo.ibiiitMuiKiu, 
jiajymunaKi'ia aoBippa re'ibxana i nison,tKoro BiuciKOBoro Koaaa^vcaaan. Bci ypaa,0Bi 
incTUTynii cHCTeHaimuo sauoBBBKUBca xockobcikbbh }"paAOBn;aim, naBiit ac-yKpam- 

CLKHHH lliuaUHMH, HKUI UpOCTH'eBbKO BHIIHCJ'IOTi 3 HeTepOypra adO lIOCKOEmHBB 

nU nix ^ajwuiiBHH apeieKcrox, aiCa nisi yKpaltic&Koro ]UTCJiifeHn,ieK) Sena KyjiB- 
Typaax cbji. yci aocajiH iyfiepaiotHBi i aoBWOBHX ciapocTiB (HoxicapiB) ts, koxch- 
nafliiB BijmaHO ciapaB BoporaM yKpa'iuctKoro Hapo,ny, bio BiajiaBHa Gopojiaca 3 yspaJK- 
cBKHit pyxox, 3ropa Ix npo jiJoacsKe oko araaaao roBopara upo fiyaoay yKpaiactKoi 
JlepacaBB, ine jiucHc Is ii]iiuuaioi[!ia ti i ;;r t y 11 a t 11 n a Y 1; ]> a i a i 
pecTaapaniio pociactKoi jepxasiocti, mo6 b c.Tyaiaau lac ajiynini 
yBpainy 3 Mockbok), m,o(5 shod yTBopaTii mnay aeajjiaMy Pociio. 

y k p a i a c t k i x ,i i p 6 b, a k i y t b p u .1 b pyx i.is 3 a G e 3- 
neieHBi n p a 11 n i n y 11 p n b a 1 h t BiaciocTii, 6 a 1 a t b 3 at a x m, 
m, 0, h i 11 .1 a jo 'i h c t 3a a, e ii 11 p a a n, i a, iy5KOHan,ionaai>Bi e ;i e a e ii t a 
3 a x 11 ii .1 11 11 u 3 i t 11 ii b y b ji a ,1 y Ha V k p a 1 h i b c b I p y k a i 3U0B 
ofiepiaioit yEpalnciKy aan,iio b paScTBO, MiipoKi napo^ui Macu 6aiaTt, nto ae 
Ti.ibKii Senas, a.ie, mo Baflripme, yes noaiiniaa B.iaaa iiepeunua siiob ho pyK 
lyaiBBuis, CTapax floporis yKpaiscBKoro Hapofly. Hapo^ fia<JHXi, mo xoi i aiiniBJiact 
me $opsia yKpaiHctKoi j],epa;aBH, ajie b nel B.iHBa«Ttea anTiinaaiouajiLniiii 3hict, 
i Bee, mo 8jio0yjia HaB;ioHa,ibHa peBoaionia, oGepueno (jiaKTHwo b HiBen>, a fioro 
icTopiiiiri BoporB BHOBy Cepyii ropy HaBiTt y iioro B-iacnifl sep^asi , . . (koh^i.). 
Hapa MkiouiB MocKajiia 3HOBy nanya Ha^ TpLOHa ftecaTKaan imioHiB yKpamu,iB. 
B yKpaiHCBKiil JI,ep**aBi yKpa'iBn,aJBB namixaioTBCa TKipitii . . . (eoh$,). 

B neft rpi3BHa vac Hefie3neKH ^.ih mchtts yKpaJactKoro aapo^y Ta fioro jep- 
•rfiaBii C0103 Bcix yKpafBCBKiu nauioaanuiax naptiii SBepiacTBca ,1,0 Biaen,i>Koro 
Hapojy i 3 BOBBua ])03y«iaHa>i Bara aeaiy Aaa dy^y^UHU Baraax ofionijiaax bIjihochh 
Ejrnie : BepeciefictKa yicoaa BOBauaa 6ytu cbsto ^osep/Kaaa, i BiacEKOBe HiaenLKe 
KoaaHjyBaBaH se aae BTpynyBaTaci jo uainol BayipiiBfltol dopoiLfia, He sae bih- 
ipajiyBaTH aocKOBCBKy KeHBUiicrt, jiku nuni iopes Pajy Mia'iCTpiB aaxonaaa B.ia.iy 
Ha yKpaiai. yKpaiHCtKaH HapOA »ae 3aory yTBopaTB csifi Han,ioaavTBnBB AiJionatt 
KaOineT MiHicipiB 3 eaeKDHTia nepa;aBnnx i ftocnisieaai ijiaxoBn.iB. Hea Han,iOHaaE- 
Haii Kafliaer sacii y«palai cnoKiii, SHimtnTL B.iasy, noaoiKHTi ninai ochodh ao 6yxy- 
BaRBH HanioHajiLHOi ^epKaBH i aadeaneiHit TOise BBBoBanan CepecTeiicbKo'i yMOBH, 
an b lHTepeeax aiiienLKoro Ha])o,ty, TaK i b JHiepecax yKpaiiicbKoro Hapo,iy. B iara 
enpaBe#iHBOCia, hkr ;i,jia KOJK^oro Hinn,a i ffiaa KOHt^oro yKpa'iaa,B e naFiCBHTimoio 
piiiKi, b ixa tipiiun,iniii aio^CBKocTa Hexaii Gy^o ycyaeBa aefieaaeKa j,ih yKpa'ia- 
cbkoI B&ajl, 60 n,a Befle3n«Ka b flyiyiBMi moate apofiuracB aedeaiieKOHi Tauo;« i r vm 
ai«en,iiKoro Bapo,Tjr ! 

K a i b, 30. Mas 1918. yKpaiHCBKaiiHaniona.iLao-^epscaBHBH 
Coioa iDJiiiHiEm laptiii i p r a 11 i » a a. i fi." 

Hase^eni xoKynenTn Kpame bchkiix cjIe xapaKTepBsyroTJ, iioanniio 
yKpalnctKOi spMHoii CypAynm b yaei reTtsaEmiran. 3 mix mh 6am\m, 
mo iioaHiiJH hh dyaa rocTpo HanionaiibHOio i BnpaaHO oaeoBOio. Ta 
j-KpatHCtKa apifiHa Cypsyaaia ne BHaanjia i He Moraa BiinBiiTn cn.in 
i 3saTH0CTii, nOTpi6aoi' jpa Toro, mod exam nanyioHOK) oaeoio b yKpaiH- 
CbKiii sepHvasi. IcTopiraao-eKOHOMniHi ywoBH cycniitHoro poasnTKy Ha 
yKpalBi 6yan npOTn flpiSnoI mpa:ya3ii. BoHa He b ciam 6y.ia opfaniay- 



— 69 — 

Bara rocno^apCTBO YKpaiHii ; He b CTairi <5yaa nepoBecTH aeuejiLBOi peipopwn 
(samiyTaBiuBct b npOTirpriyi mis HeoGxiajriCTio npBMycoBoro aepeBe^einm 
H 3 ofiCTOioBaHiffliir HeHopj'miioeTii iipniinina npiiBaraor RiacHocrn, hk ochobh 
eKOHOMHMHoro acnTTH), a sate npo opi'aniaaii^io <J>ao'pii , iHO-3aBO,ii,ci>Koi iipo- 
liiic.TomirTii. ii[i" upfam3au;iK) eKOiiOMnnnoro jkhtth b aara-iMojiepaiaBHOMy, 
Bceoion.iK)K)yoMy aaciiiTaSi He ,noBO,T,riTi>eji it roBopiifir: jpa Toro Bona He 
jia.ta aia^Hiix samix i nonepeji; BCtoro no noci^Ma uoTpi<5mrx Kaniia^iB. 
CMiniHo oyjio 6 roBopimi npo niflnopaflKOBanioi n,iii Kviaci 3 oshoto 6*0Ry 
nr.iiiKOl ai^apHOl 6ypa;ya3il, KaniTa.iuTiB, (padpiiKaimB i aaso^inKiB, 
THcmeio hhtok 3M3araix 3 CBitOBHi KaniTajiicTiiiHnM rocnoHapcrBoa i Ka- 
niTa.iicTnqHHHn uo-iasm, a a /ipyroro — kjach Cy^'ratm — iipo.ieTapiary 
YKpaiHn. I nepuia i jipyra KJiaca HoqyBann b cofii KOaaia s'oEpeia 6Ln>iae 
era, lasi nil, coOoio 6m,uie I'pynTy jyia opi'airisan.il rocno^apCTBa (Koaisa, 
BBHHafao, Ha cBiii gpagos), nia; yiipaiHctKa jipiOHa oyp&yask, i nepe3 Te 
ne xotlth i He Morjin Gesni^cTaBiro iii l 3,nopa;yv} 7 BaTiici> nocepejipiH cycniii.- 
nifl KJJici, flKOio 6yna api(5Ha VKpalncbKa oypjKyaain. HaBHaKii, hh ocTanna 
no ysoBaM CBoro icrayBanHH uor.ua ni,n,TpHMyBaTn a,6o Ty (KaniTa.iieTiiray) 
ado HHiny (npojreiapctKy) Kiacy b Is Baaejuriii OopoTtOi. I kojih yKpalit- 
<aa;rt spiona 6yp;Kya3ifl, nepea aaxoujenaJi raa^n na YKpaiiri kcihkoio 
Hai4oHa.u.no-HeyKpaInCbKOio ijypa.-yaaicso, omnmaacb, a buomux mothbIb, 
b oiiuaniui ;i,n njci' Be.uiKoi dypacyaail, hk nepeji; tiih oyjia b onosnifil RO 
pof5iTHBie-ceJiaiu-i.i;ni' nauioiui.ir.HO yKpalHCLKOi aeMOKpami, to b n.ii u 
CTaaoBHmy nixTo hc Mir II BpaxyiiaTii — ni fenepaji CKoponajctKHii, Hi 
chum ftO n Hiaeii;tKoro Hapo^y" b iaa B cnpaBeflJiHBOCTH < '.*) 

3 hiix npirann HaHioHfuitHO-^ep^aBmiil C0103 He Mir aaxonniH 
wnpurex napoflflix aac i xochtth noaiTnoro nn.urny na cycnksHe anrmr na 
YKpaiBi, roes ae Tpanc^opMyBanca b iiiiiiiv. $imm aeaoKparHwy opi , am»anJK) 1 
a bhidok) nMT^opMOK). Tjim a;e lacoa yKpatecLKa jtpiCHa CypsyaaiH 6e&- 
pesyjiiTaTHo aeTynmaact, xoRflxa ro HiMHJB, so CuopouasctKoro, npocnaa, 
uoi-posyaajra, a xiiTTa finuro CEtoefo ?epK>K). I IpaBHTejiLCTBO CKOpona,T,c 
Bia Tepopy jiaj, po(5iTHnH,TBOM i ce.iaHCTBOS nepexosru" iioc'ii^oBno fl,o 
HarJHOK i Ha npi6no(>yp;Kya3Hi yKpai'itcrari aapiii xa rpynn, b Toay HHcai 
il na x.ii6opo(5iB-ji;eMOKpaTiB (5). 



*) IlocTjnoBanHH n i MeniKoro npaBETeaiCTBa na uonaTKai reTtMaiinuiiiiJ, bk 
auaeso, jaBa-io jxpaiHCudi jqiifiniii Gypatyaail hs^io Ha ^sacrynHiiHTBo HiMentKoro 
Bapo^y". ITpurajiaiiito, nK Hiani na.iii.ra.iii 11a reiinaHa, m,o6 bih bib TKpaiBciBy 
uoaiTHKy i no aiioai apoaoMKyBaB aepataniii Tpa^imii HeuTpajiLHOl Pa,i,n. JIobchh^ocb 
n,«, aBiiiafiuo, tbm, bio Hiani ne Oyati nenm b rcTiMaaimiHi. Il^e ociaBim bhjho 
TaKOMt s jioiiaraHHs, nociasjieHoro CKoponaaciKOMj, m.06 jrap 3 JlenTpa-iiHiiJiii ^ep- 
a-BjBaBB Oj'30 paTiriJiiKOBaHO po3irBaHo» HenipaafciioK) Pajoio (UeBipajiHa Paaa 
iipufiBS-ia aanoii npo paTiii|)iEan,iK> mipy, ani' aaKon ueit ae djB me pocny£ailKOfiaK)dt 
i paTB$iEan,iriHt rpanoiH ne Oyan niaaHcam. Teoep CKoponajciKiifl iepe3 anp. flea. 
ma. 8aK, cnp. K. Jloctuoro ii jjiinim afeaTiB BVKUBaB napBBjt 3axoais repen 
npesnAieK) UeuTpajuHo! Pajyi ,%.ia niximcanHa iiara^iiianiiimix rpaMOT; aae roaosa 
M. J'l-ympBCLEiiii i eeKpeiap 31. ^eqcii., AOKOipBSci.noae3BepTa.inct, BiMOBHaHCB 
pimyqo, i renxaHOBi npBtiniocB paTit^kyBaTii aoroaip bij; cede). Aae 3 6iroB ^acy 
oOciaBUBU aaiMiiauci: Hisn,L oa«OBH.iuct nSacij-naTHCi" sa apifiay yKpalactEy 6yp- 
3;ya3iio uepea BejHKOM (Sypsyasrign i'ltpaimi, i'cKaprn apifinul CypKyaBil mimajiBCt 
n Macox BODiK)in;oro b uyciBHi." 



— 70 



Postfix III. 
Mockobcbei HaijioHajiiCTH Ha JTEpami i reT&MaHCBKHft 

yPiim. (BopoTbCa ,'i,b«x Ky.ii.Typ i ,a,Box ,^ep'a;uniiir\ w^)- 

10. PocittcbKa dypwya3iH i AeMonpa™ CHpiruiioiOTb cbo'i nanyiOHi 
pycmpie.aTopcbKi no3wu,ii Ha yHpai'Hi. (3acHy is a una „PyeeKa i'h 
CoiD3a",) 3a naciB ItearpaaibKoi' Pa^n naayio'ia mockobclkb j,e.noKpaTia 
Ha YEpaM noiajia oy.ia uobojiI npH8BHTOH)BaTHC& ^o cboto hoboi-o ctq- 
HOBBna — He rraaymol AexoKpaiil. Ta reTtnaHctKiiii nepeBopoT — iiepe- 
rifl Baajca n sepacasi ro pyK sockobclkoi oypxyaair, poaBopyiuuB csiad me 
pass poamESBHoro iiiUi^OHa.iMoro lioiyTra u, poaCv'AHB Hoai miaii. poa- 
najiiiB fiaiKaiiHa BepHynicb Ha crapi uo:inn,ii uaHyioioi ^HOKpaiii. A no- 
cici.ifiKii u,eii Hantona-iicTiPiHiiii Sanaa pociiictKoI ^eMOKpaiii' aa .VKpaini 
ftmOB b iiapi s me 6LibmiiM Hai;ioHa.iicTnranM nana-Tou pocigcHtoi oypxy- 
aail, BiH bhjlthbch, Bpeiin'i, b oraflfflSBi iJKawn 3aBoiOBHHip.Koro bluiiko- 
pyctKoro, pycjnJttKaTOpetKoro nauiona.i [3a j . 

He BCTnr w I'cat'pa.i Oi;(>poiia, : r,cbKni"i po:m«nyBaT!icb hi; ciij 
u cbogmj' noaoMy rerbMancbKOMv iio.tieniKaairi, ai; no BCiii yKpalui iipo6y;;ii.'iin-ii 
,n,o jkhtth porincrad 3opHocoT6HBi MOuapxiiMui opi'aukaipl ..t'oiwaa pyouKaro 
aajii>,i.a", mvia.Tit mffijBxmeb ptaBJ bT&jp ra aapajp iopHOro MOCKOBCbKorn 
railBopOHiiH. 14. rpassa ui r i,dyjiocr, b Opft& mne aiopannH „coio3a pyc- 
cKaro Hapoaa", mo nepeiMeayBasca 3 skoIct> npaiHHB b _pycci:iii ro- 
cyji;apcTBeHHHn c m =s ■]>" : i\. Mepuiw BJjt,oy.iocb Bse rpe're aidpaHKH 
pocificbKnx MonapxncTiB is XaphKoai, axe odpaao ,Lia KepyBaaafl capasasB 
opi'amsanjl KOHiTet; 7. nepBim BUCyaaBCH b O r i,eci iiu rojtOByBaHHai 
MiiTponojHiTa lI.iaTOHa iiopHOCOTeHiciii mcioaepcM.-nii ■■Viw, 7. .'imnm 
Bi^fiyBca b Khibi b CoqjiiiBCbKOMy Codopi 110:1^61111. .,;jh ;uopoB.ia Boro 
napctKOi Be.miHocTn. pa/Ss 6osoro JVIhkojiii O.TeKcaBj],poBii i ia" (Miiko.uih III, 
a cuiBaaii pilose, n,apa xparar i maHi({(ecTan,ieio : 23. juihhh ui^dvin-a 
u Kniai Be.uiKiiil MOHapxii'iHiin B^affl, sehh o&ripKOByBaB capaay bubob- 
jieHHii PodfictKOi hmepir b ciapns Meatax 11U CKHiieTpouc BcepoeifietKaro 
MOHapxa: 24. juarifl Budy.iacH b Kni'ni nasass^a no flyiuody u;apesi Mn- 
KO.11 II ;j yiacno ypa^OBnJB-PociiaH MiiricrepcTBa (JiiHaHCiB. Il,e — a|nn;.[a,ui 
poaHHThy Be.niKOpyctKOro HOpHocoTeimo-Nonapxutiuoro pyxy Ha yirpaiai. 
XapaKTepiioro pucoio iloro fiyjia Bopoarim i ni.iKOBBTa Hefanifl yi,-pai'n- 
CLKoro pyxy. i!iMwi;npycMa;i lOHapxHCTB ne BgftHa-BaJB ni yKparacbKOro na- 
popy, iii yhitaiacLKOi kv.ii.ty|)h. ai tuh ua.'ie yi.paiaei.Koi jepaKaBHOCTH, 
xo i ra 6 i b tJtopMax MOHapxiI-reTi>.itanjniiiui. HaBirt 3 TaKTJi'mnx KipKyBaai., 
uaBiTF. b niafn wjij&jnom. ejsfiml KOHapxaraoI Pocii bohh He xoiiia bh- 
saaTfl rt'TbuaHirfiina i, KOpHeTyroTOOi. „rocTiiiuiicTio" feriep. CROponanciKOro, 
n 'roil ae aac o r T,Ri'|irn BHCTynaaa npora BoaraaBJiaenoI am yKpatHCbKoi 
^opsaBH, mo /i.oBejo iiisaiine Haiu'ri. ,io ^e-HKnx (iipaB^a qacoanx) gok- 
i|iaii;Tiit via BpaBKreaBCTBpa „caiocTiHHOi YKpaiHcr.Koi ^epjEara" i mockob- 
t'r.iniMH aij[aiiK_'iiToaii,ajia-iioaapxiicTaMi[. 8aw od;h C&OTXJiupa, i\ BopoadcTb 
SO yBpaiaebKOTO aapojQ' caopi,i;nioBa.ia Fx 3 pycH^iKaajmoK) poooTOK) 
pociiicbKOi naHytoHOi' jjesofCpaTil ira >'i:parni. 

r ],eMOKpaTiff, BBH^afao, ni r xmi r i,a.ia ai;i; cbo» HaaioHajriCTH^Hy po6*ry 
iiaaiuM ['pyar ii ntiai;nii' iJiopnyayBaia cboI u,i.ii f ni;j; qopaa cotha, aie 






oGeKTHBHi ifflc.ii r i,Kii ir poCoTii mmo hum piaanunrcb Bi^ HacitAKia potioni 
I. utL'p'nix yKpaiEtoacepiE. 3acHOBasRa h TpaBiri Micnnj „Pycckaro Co- 
B3a l; (a uenrpoiir b KnlBi) BOTifflyBaJtoCb neouxij,mcTH) otfefHB&TH cnjii 
„pyccKiix u na yKpaim 33a otfopomi i poaisiiTKy mockobi'lkoi Ky.ibTypn n.'i 
.Vicpaiiii i nepea,OBcin mocKOBCbKOi uiKOJiir. B ftiiicHocrii ac MeTa 6y.ua nji- 
kom HHiua. roBopimi upo Heo6xi;i,HicTi) o6oponu kocxobcbkoI Kv.iLTvpir 6y;io 
npocxo oiiniHO, 6<> flixro 11 npaB ne uopymyBas: Hasua-ini, reTuiaunuma 
potfiua Bee. moC nio, (JiopMyjoio piBHOCTH yspaiHctKoi i mockobclkoi mobh 
r jmrnBism, rpoxwstssa i h&jkgbhx ycTaeoBax yxpaEBH upnBepnyrn 
MOCKOBCtKiii mobi i iiy.ii.i'ypi warn nanyjOHe crauoBHine. GipaBa i imi.ia 
npo n.e ocTamre. Ilo-sa hum ..Pyeciriii Coroav nepec.ii r iyBaB ni.ii, Bi^oysoBB 
Potif b CTapnx, ;T,opeBO.iionifiHiix Meacax. l^a uub, KOHKpeTae (JiopiyJiOBaHHc 
hkoi Koaraa MocKOBCLKii I'pyna mm Jiiipria ^asata buihobuho ho eaoro 
coitifl-ibHO-no-iiTiiTOoro CBrroua/u. paaoi a 6opOTb6oio aa naHynwe cTano- 
Biime lOCKOBCbKOI Kyajiypa 11:1 VKpalra nun.uiviiaaa n J'ycc-KoiiiCoioa'B'- 
cam pia;Hopo,-qri mockobcliu I'pyrm, liapTii i k-tbch ua J^-palm, noiiiHaiQ<ni 
Bi,n Ka^eTiB i }Sfi-ams iipaBinuix l'pyu i i;in i mKiin mockobc&khmii H&poR- 
HiMir rnnin.iicTiiMii. naijiU.-pi'iioajiHijnHepaMiii con,ifLTb-;i,eHOKpaTaMii Hesbme- 
hiik;imh. He bxiviji.iii b roa/i, ..Pyecnaro Cotosa" 3 .tohx COlpailicTBMHHX 
pociflcBKHx naprifl ti.it.i.-ii tVuain'miiai. 

Oceanam b ,,PyccKOM% Corafffe" i BOSHa oKpesto, XOCBOBC&KJ I'pyiin 
Ha yKpai'ui b&sh iini.'.ii;i,oi)imn jioxU jipoTH yKpai'ircbKoi ftepaOBHOCTH, 
M-pai'iicbiciix iio.iiTirrHiix ttaprifi, yKpafHCEOi hy.ii.Tvpn. Bca locKoscbKa 
npeca ioto sacy Ha >" i;p;ii'iri („Py cck i 11 I'n.ioci" — opfaa -Pye- 
CKaro Corosa " . m<> Hiuanaucji ui.i npOBOAOJi Ka^eriB, .KiuBCtcaa Mmcjib" 
— . opi'an pyctKo-eBpeficbKoi jrio*epaibHOl TupniBi'.ihHO-npojracaoBoj 6ypa:y- 
aail, mo otfcjiyroByBaBea .kobthmii coi;iHjricTai«n, nepeBaatm MeHbnieBHi;aMii. 
JI:ipo,T,HOe r Vti.in- opfaH poe. con..-peB,, „PaCoiaa <Kii3Hi> u 

— opi'an poc, con>ftex. MeHbiu, i garni KiiiBCbKi i HpoBiflnjazbiri poeifiebKi 
ftsen) flpyKBO .. rpiiaaan,- 3 yupaiHCbKOK) upecoio oea pixmu4 nanp«j«- 
kIb ocTaHHhoI. Seasm ciobo b yKpalHciaiiii npeei, esasaBS B otf&poHy 
yKpalHCbKOl i;vai,Tvpn i r i,epa;aBHocTii. HBaa;a.n»i:a. ii,e«0KpaTK5H0iQ lOCKOBCbKOio 
upecoio aa mommai i aHTHsenoKpaTHaic, koehhb bIhhok rexwaaobKoro 
ypajy, HanpaB-ienin'i aa ..y[iiBHonpaBHeHHfr" MOCKOBCbKOi ft VKpaiBebKoi 
KyjbT)*pn, BBK-tiiKait n pociScbBBX lin.ia' i npeci pa,T,ierb i iioxb;i.i\ . 

.. rpinjlil" KW MOCK0BCbi;"in ft yKpalHCbKOH) lipCCOEO TIIX r I,llil'. Iiai'jpa.li! ,1- 

c-Tpaiiiawiyiix (jx>pi i aoate caysHTH apaasoi toto, ^0 bkoto 3airen,a;i,v 
soase aaiiTii tteaoBpaTifl, ui r i,iiaituiii dchxojobj HanioHajibHoro aroBimBsy. 

llaiiSi.ibina fiopoTbCia B&iaca 6hn lniTanaa npo bobj B jepaaBHHS 
ycTaHosax i npo HaHioaa-ibrau xapaKTep uikojii Ha yKpaim. IIoiimHEH 
iiii:!OB;ini is cone „XjDOopo6iB-w6cTBeBHBKiB'') b cBoifi aeBiflpanji, 
Ho,iaHifi iMcTpoBi BHyTpianris cnpaa, ROiaraaHGa ne Mem.nie He fiLteme, 
hk Toro, mfiC 11pa.BHTejbc.TBO ..otm-biibjo BBivu'itirait peBO-uonioirabiM-b 
npaBHTe.iiA'TBnMT, raiHUitcKO-mTHHCKii BBHBt, HeKy.TLTypHfaifi 11 >iy;i;;u.iii 

FfpaHHH". 

:] npim<uy nici' iirrepecBoi bhmoib ^Hosa Pa^a" fcepneHF. 1918.) 
Jinea.ia : 



— 72 



„3a oc-Taimiii >iac an n;i;e annttJiH #o Bcaitoro ipaKTyuaimii Ue'i Han,iona.lL^ 
aoro Bapo^a:eHDfl aainoro napoay. Ane QRBepie ssepTanHa ro aenipaatnoi BJiajH, 
una cu-ioto eajKoro $asra ierayaanuH Ke3a.ie3tHo'i AepsaBS noBHHHa HBjaiaca 'i'i pe- 
ajitnuM ciiHBOJioa, mo6 ua B.taaa 3imniujia naiiHinuimaft Ky-iBTypmiii csapfi uanil", 
aftepaTypHy way, — HaBiTB y r,eti lac aeaoamaBHx aosKOTBocTiB aBviaeTtcii n,e 
uaxjiiuiajiniis. 1 * 

^BiiiaiiHO, 3,jih tjtx, xro ne po(5nB, b utowy m<ioro Ha r T,3Bn<rauHoro ue 
oyao : HaBnaEii, iyr oy.ia neBHa nocjii^OBmcTB i jiboihuihctb. Ti, mo 3bhk.ih 
^ecHTKH fi corai ail BBaJKani yKpaiHCLKnfi (cojjim'LKiiii) it:ipi r i, Cerzom, 
HeKyjELTypnoio raoro poOioio ciliob, ni,o Ha eKOHOMn»iniji i jtyxoBmM (Ha- 
n,ioHaju.mM) paficisi nBoro Hapo,ny oy^yBaan csiir ,ioo*po6yT, CBOe care 
aanra, ne moivih irpuMiipiiTncB a tiek, moo nosa n,toro Hapojy po3Bimy;iaeB, 
Haopaaa jirrepaTypHiix (pops i, CTaianii mobom ^epxiaBHoio, moboio 
nojimiraoro, eKOHoraiHoro i KyiBTypnoro acniTS, thm caMira eraza o r pins 
a MoryiBis 3aco6iB BiraBcieima npan;FOKraux yKpaj'HCi.Kirx Mac 3-ni,T, B&iKoro 
vmij, a nepe^oBciH 3-ni,i, iniiv iiaii,i<ma.-ii,iii>nj ] a pao*CTBa jiyxoBHoro. 

3a noMimnKaMii uoTHraaet. i penm. „Hp o t o t|i i c" jnuau ;\o Bep- 
xobhoI Ko-nefii IIpaBHTeJiiB (mo BacTyima iVnepajia Ci;opo- 
najetKoro ni^iac ftoro no^opoad ao HiMevHran) „3anHCKy o pyccKoart 
a3LiK*B% b hkIh, son i CLtbih jiiuiJitoMaTiimo, b!;k ne podmiir nonuiuiKii- 
d)eoAajiu, b cyrii pra RoaamsHCt toI ;k caso! „o^iiHn" yKpaiHc&Koi hobh, 
o;ioii;i>jiiBmii, 111,0, Ha is (i.'aniTa.iicTiB) jiyiffiy, n yKpaHHCKiS flBHKB lurfcenb 
nojfloe npaso Ha cymecTBOBaaie 11 paaBirrie", npoTO<J>iciBn[i iwcajin ,najii, 
mo ftepjKaBHoio moboh), SOBOR ypa^OBHX Kanneiiapift, yKpaliicLKa MOBa 
Moaie i HOBiinna CTara 9 toju>eo Torja, Kor;j,a ona (yupaHHCKaa MOBa) bbi- 
pa6oTaeT'B 11 cioBapt 11 rpajacaTEKy"; 3,0 Toro ;k ^acy, ,t,okh 6y^e bh- 
poikaracB oto3 n c.ioBapL n rpaiMaTHKa", noBHHHa naayBaTH na yKpai'ui 
MOCKOBCtKa MOBa. „Paiu.ine 'itMT. ^aBirrB 6oraTBiii h MorymecTBemiBifi 
pyccKifi iiabiKi, — HOB'ia.in reTBMancBKe npaBHTe.iBCTBO KaiiiTa-iicra, — 
yKpaimcKaji MOBa ,i;o,iaaia BiipacTH ecTecTBeaHBim., opraHnHecKmni nyieMi." *) 

*) Bi&noBij;i> Ha ui anneaipHi deaniACTaBHi 3aaBn npo HeAopoaaHBeEicTi 
i OiflnicTL yitpaiHCLKOI hobh aaaii ypa^oBiiiJI.epataiiuoro CeKpeTapa b CBo'ifi 3auucii;i 
ro JI,epKaBHOFO CeEperapa 3 npimoxy nociaHOBKii nuiaHBH lrpo HepsicaBHy mobv Ba 
J r Kpaini b PaiiMiHicTpiB(B atoBifli micniu). HaBORHBO tjt Kiun,eBy lacTnuy nie'i laniCKi : 

„3 no^aTKy ieTayaaHna aepaiaBHHi ycianoB h& yupatiii an npan;Toejio b sep- 
acaBHifi Kauneaapii, p.e, aiat hheium, aocepeavKyioTLcn 3aKOHOupoeKiu icii HiHicTpiB. 
B HaaBamii iHOiUTynii, Kjiia yKpainn,iB, itoipi 3j;aBna BMtHBaioii piAiio'i mobb, nepe- 
flyfiaioTi, i iaKi, mo He ana.iH yspaSHCtKol hobh. Ajio ft n;i ociaHni qepea Be-iiKHil 
rac jBamHJiuca nucaiu i roBopHTH no-yKpawcBKoay, i Tenep Bonn paaojn 30 Bcima 
cboIkb TOBapumaMU upaiiwioTL b 3aBj»noji;aBMiu cBpaBi nijiKon BiaiHo. IIpanroioTn 
iia npoiaai pony Has bbtotobichohm pi^noro poxy AOKaaftiB, npoeKrifi, ciaiyTiB, 3a- 
hhcok, npoeKTis aaKoniB, nas nepoiua;tOH i oGpoOKOio cairns aaKoaiB, irjioBaaaiH ro 
loro 5K Bee caysfioBe ancTynanBH tijilkh na yitpain otitis' mobi, hh yneBHiiaiicfc, mo 
yEpaincbKHH aaiiK ruyiKiiii, oapBiH'Tiiil, ajtbo tfarainu MoiiapniiH MaiepiajiOM, aae 
Ha,T,3B]i'iai"ino iimiikj ni.ii.Kicit ciiiOHiMiB, OMonim'tB i i- hh. 5.1a bhcjiobv piaiuux 
ni,T.TLJn;in xhcik. Ilpn onpan,i.OBaHH[o 3aKoniB joborh.iocb ayuHaaTDCB nepes ipys- 
Bicwo He ueaociaii TapMuiiB, a BejniKoi' KiatKOcru li. PiiHa npana nac ynesHnaa, 
mo apoayMiaa npn noBiTHocTii cnpaBii necTliniic.Ti TepaiHoibort'i BapiBHioeTLca, i sh 
fTO'iao na nepesoaai loro, kojh na cnpaaa aoaco BBaacaiHCL uLikoh noaaroRateHOK. 
Ha nijcTaBi npaKTnrai i niBTopapiinoro ROCBijy, mh nocBiRiyeno, mo npn cyiacaoMy 
pisni po3BnTKy yKpaincLKoro cioBa neaia uiaKui ofleKTHBHHX Raniix 3hob ni^iiiMaTu 
CTapi GunaHKS npo SiflnicTt yKpaiHCbKoro aaHKa Bsaraai a6o Hea^aTHJcTL flaro js,o 
aRMimcTpaTHBnoI in 3aKOHo r naBioI npaKTHKn. 



B toh Cypsyaail cniBajia n BOCKOBCtKa ^eMOKpaiia. iKoBri conjajricTit 
& „KieB. Mucin" njicatii aonri cTari npo niaoposBiiHeiricTb i HenpmaTmcTt 
yupaiHCbKOi mobk pk aepacaBHoro BXHTKy;*) nnnri xeiiuKpaTir, He B^aro- 
iiKCi) b onimcy yKpaiHCtKoT Bonn ra naBin. i uoxBMHfo™ u, jouara.iiiii, 
ypiBUOiipaBHeniiH ofiox bob na yKpami b posyMimno BiranaRHH lOCKOBCbKOl 
mobh aepsaBHoro na yEpaliri. ArtHin npasnTeabCTBeHHoI BjrajjH na mjch,hx 
bobcM ycoByBMH yKpalHCLKy stoBy a v;i;an.-y cboix KaHn,eJiapiii. 

JcoBjsma yKpaiECtKy MOBy a xepaiaBimx ycTauoB, MOCKOBCbKa oyp- 
atyaata i seuOKparifl Hanaraaact yeynyTii IT n s ihkojih, oco&ihbo cepe^- 
iii, i.]' t;i Rimini'. SacJiyrosye Tyr na yBary BceyKpai'HCbKnft 3'i3,T, GaTtKiBcr.inix 
KoaiTeriB cepe^aix nnria i BHnTejibc&Knx jjejiei'aTiB, mo BiftoyBcn b KuTm 
Ha mraaTKy nepBHJi 1918. CKsniKajin fioro Pociane i npH Tony TawiM 

i;J|iH'iiUOM, IHO 6a.TbKiBCtKi KOJQTeTE yKpalHCEKHX fflKUT &6o 301iCLM He fij'.lH 

:;;ui[)OEuem, a(k> o,jepa;ajiii aanpomeHHa nes^ac-Ho; 'lepea n,e a'i'a,!, kuuiuob 
MocKOBChKira, **) PociilcbKi ^ejiei'aTn ^OKopajrn ypa^OBi Jlnamyoa i kM- 
CTposi ocBira BaeniteHKOBi „aa cniinny ii nacn.ii»ny yKpainiaaii,iio u , 
aKa BmnuHaact b naHTOHHHHnx Hamipax Bacnjiemca BBecra HaBManHa 
b Hapo;prix (ekLCbunx) mKoaax yKpalHn na yKpamcbKin aoBi i nonr.ui 
BBeCTn ocTaasKi b cepejpd ihko-tii. ]lani JlyHaiapcbKa — ftOKjraAinK Ha 
TeMy npo „Mait6yTHe pocificticoi iiikojih Ha yicpafHi 11 — tiobo- 
jptia, mo „iriji,TpHMHa hockobci.koI njK0.in Ha yKpaini noipioHa He b ikh pocifi- 
ctKoro moBiHiaMy, a jpta inrepeciB yKpaiHCbKoi aepaiaBnocra ... na yKpafni 
3aBcir r p oy.in i oyjyii jifii Ky.ibTypn : ciapa — HOCKOBCuca i MO-io^a — yiqjaiu- 
ctiia. CTpeiLiiuna ocTaHHLol Bunepiu nepiuy b KopoTKiii iaci He saerB ni'ioro 
npaimraoro i npnBe^e tL'ilkii jo 3ary(5n bchkoi tbopiocth i bcbkoi kv.ii>- 
Typii na yKpaM." PflTyKrai n^o „BCflKy TBOpnicTB i BCffEy KyaEtjpy", Bfafl 
Bunic no 3ara.ibiioiy mnamio npo inKOjry pe30Jiiou,iio, na no yam hkoI roBopnTE- 
ch, mo a'lap; BBaacae HeoCxi/unur, mo6 nntojin na yKpaliri 8yaa 86ysoBaHa, 
arOTo 3 oenoBHHun noTpe6ajin nace-ieHHa; sajii BncioB-TioeTBca a:a^,afflia, 
m,o<5 nepexi,,! 3,0 naBqanna yicpalHCbKOio mobok) yEpai'HCbKnx ?qTefi poonma 
s b&tokok) o6epesnicTK), a HaupiiKinqi B«e irpocTO roBopnTbCH, Bio jia 
yKpaiHctKoro nap'o^y a'laj, npnaHae Heo6xi^HOH) mockob- 



HoAa»iu 3a3Haieni ^yMiai ro Bamoi jiacKaaol JBara, Ilaiie ;T,epacaBHHB Ce- 
Kpeiapio, npocnMO, kojh Bii uiisHaeTe cjiyiuiiicTb uajiio'i tohku noEMSy i HorosniecL 
3 iiaBeaemiBH Bnme jtpiB&aa, souec™ ro Biffoma Pass MiuicTpiis nio Hamy sainicKT 
nijlHac poaraajy nuiaiiua npo iipupOAfli iqiaua yKpalHctKoi mobh b yupa'iHCBKiu 
flepwaui. 

^upeKTop Henapiasenty 3anoHOftaBini Cnpas ^epxaBnoi Kan;e.iapii B o - 
Jioxkobcbkh2, CespeTapt PajtH MmiMpiB B. ^ i t a t Lh, ^HpeKTOp ^enapieieHiy 
3ara.itnHx CnpaB flepHtaBBoI KaHnempU C. TaeBCiKHH, flapeKiop JopjEaBHo'i 
JI,pyKaj)Hi T. 1 b e h k 0, Pexasrop n ,^epacaBHoro BiciHEKa" I. H) m a in u h, no- 
CTifiuim <j.ieH TepainojiioriiiHoI KoMicii npo$ecop A. KpHMCiKHH. 11. ajoBTna 
1918. k. Ku'iB. 

*) „Kiea. Ihcii" (nepeceHj 1918.) b o,nniB b cboIx craiefl, upoaiuiuni 
Cifboay uaa ypaflOBii;BMH, n;o „npeono.Tl;BaR)TT, TpyanoCTH yKpaiincKaro sauKa", nn- 
caaa : „IIanoBn IIIe.iysHBy (mo BiicryiinB b cenaii b ofiopony jKpaliiciKO'i bobh, 
A b t.) TpeCa 6yao 6 noiypfiyBatHCi anepniy npo yBpa'inciKy rpajianiKy, yKpaiH- 
ctKy niKoay, Ky.ai.Typy, a noriM sate npo flepacasny yKpa'iHCBKy aOBy." 

**) 3 njel npn^Him neieiaia yspalimi saaBHJtit (6. «epBHs) Ha a'lsai, n;o 
bohh Cyjyit (Spain ysacit na 3'lasi iLntKH 3 iH$opiiaD;ifiHoio kgtod. 



(4- — 



ci.kv in i; o.i y. JIJ,oC nijBecTii xpiiBa-ii ochobii oifl pyc«$iKauJHHy noaiTHKj 
mi .Yicpaiai, 3"i%R bjicvtobjibch, KpiM HaBefteHOl peaomioitfi, me ii 3a tum. 
mod BaB>iaHHfl yKpaiBCbKOi icTopfi b nn;o.iax yKpai'iiH iip(>na;i,ir;i.ocb lepea 

HilH'imUlll 190CK0BCI.K01 ICTOpil, 6e3 BK'OI, M0B.7HB, HB MOSOIlBe HpaBlT. 1 1,111' 

poaynbuia k'Topii YKpaLHii. 

Ti c-iiai HaCTpol Tiiinyna.iii i Ha Beeyfpalscwdfi KOHipepeHnii pocii- 
<jhKoi napTii iiapo,T,Hix conja.iin'iH iiU'iae ooaipKOByuaHHfi ireio mrraHHa upo 
uiitLJLtHe Himioiia.ii.in> 6vi.uiiTim.TB0 na YspaSm (KOH^epeHiya [>um.i;h'i, 
b nepiuiil jiojiobuhj 'lepsiifl). r 1,oiaaj,<-ii[K x Bapxia lsepAHB, mo „iflrep- 
HanjoHa.ibHoio moboio jyia scix uau,ioHa;itHOCTfii .Vi.-paiiiii JiofiHima 6ym 
MoeKOBCLKa, jik mobq eBponoi1ri,i;< ii i.v.ii.TypiL i mo kojii Gspel ii yi.-pifriiiu 
He iioro r WTbW[ a mm, to Ha yi;pai"in 3aHeua^e Bcai;a Ky;ibTypa." IXj^oti 
jHiiKHyTii CTpaiuiioT i iieiianiiciioi yKpaiiriaaiJ,ii, jOKJtajl^HK BiicyayB Raid 
HaBiTh TiiKiiii pa;i,iiKa.ibHnii aacio", an Heaa:iea;i!ieTi> iuko.ih si,!, nefrrpajbHoi 
jepa;aBH'ii n.ia,jn (aBiiiaiiHO, yKpaiHCLKOi), i aBTOHOiuie ynpaB.TiHHH niKoaa>iii 
<5aTbKiBCiiivitiin oprumaanianii! t;i opi'anajur eaMOBpa^yBainiH. mo iiepeTBopio- 
na/inci. reTbiaHCbKHi y]«f,i,OM n opi'aim pocificbKOl ia apycH^iKOBaHOl 
rty r pa;ya3ii. 

niaGa,T.bopeHi pycH<J>iKair,iiiKOHi xbujlw, juipeKTopn CaraTbox yi.pai'ni- 
iiiBiiiiux aa gaeis HeiiTpa-iiami' Pa^a riraaaai iioia.iii --aMoBiibao nepeso- 
uri'ii cboI uii.it.iii Haaajr, Ha MOCKOBCbKy mobj - i po.3raHHTH ymrre.iiH- 
.VKpaiJmiB, yKpai'iicBKi ri.raaari Be anaxo.yuii jsfla cefie noMeniKaab, He 
Kaatyra B»;e upo rponieBy ni;prorv a (Sokj vpsi.iy. *) HOT jik MocKOBCbtd 
i'imia3ii ii inrnii iuko.ik mcTHJincb b joOpnx iioaeiiiKamisx, a Bejinauiii 
mo.iio'reKarcn, ipiaipianjin: ii hhhhimii wfiissma. Ha.iaro r i,jEeHa 6yjio Tpoxn 
aa HaciB Heirrpa.'n.Hot PajH cnpasa opfamaanii yKpaiHci.Koi hikojiii a-i» 
xiTeii yKpalHCbKnx ce,iaH i piiomiiii;in noiaia aaEeuaflara: CTapa mockob- 
i:i,i;a iuKo:ia ijkiktiiiho anoBY CTanaja nanyBiOK) ii c;uihoio uiko:iojo na 
yKpaiHi. 

Taa caMO sanenap.ia i cupami oosaaoriutbaof ocbItji. DeT&MaHCSsi 
„opjLH u poaraHHJin ^ITpocBiTii", aaimuun napo^ri <IiG;iioTei:n, peKBisynajii 
iniJi(.'iiii;;uuia 1 1 : i j 1 1 f . i j i i x IV ll.TypHO-OCBiTHXS yCxaSOB, lljillinilia.m ,l,i:l.li.liirn, 
pofjiTHnqnx KimCm.**) yKpni'nci.i.-ii Ky.ii.Tvpa aani.'iia r ia:ia, bo.iii vKjianiri.i.iiv 
l""iiTii!ii;ii! i ceaaH no CBiura ipyflo iipnro.ioiiuyBajaci., pycaijiiKania upo- 
Ba^BJiacL na ncix ;t,i.iain;ax aairra, a MOCKOBCbKa ,i,L'Moi;paTi:i ia.iiii'\i;;i.i;i 
npo yTiieKii Ha,i; pociiicbKoto Ky.ibTypoio Ta napinaia na ypm reTioiaita 
aa „Hacir.i[,tiv yKpaini:sauiio' 1 . 

*) B cBiii 'iac HaGpaaa po»roaucy cupana a iiuieiiiKaiiiiHii j.ih yxpalHCUaa 
fiMnaaul b KuiBi. Ha saroiHiix aOopax SaTWOB y«iiiiB 2. fijusrasii (6. atoeTnii) fit.- 
pcKTop i AP-iefanin, aKim nopyneao (Syno ironepe^HiitH 3uopaa!i m^nysaxa ttoMeui- 
Kanua a-ia lixnaan, ?(ojiowii.'ih, bio aeaefanin o^Biaajia CarantKO ypaflOBUi ociC, ski 
ofiii;a,in sara iroMeBiKaiiBB sjih riaiBaail i Haaiii. Bii,taBa.iH aijiiioBiaui pocnopaixeMHa, 
ajie 3 TOro BCtoro aiioro Be bhudij:o : riMaa3ia 3a.111uiB.1aca b tichomj Be3pyiH0*y 
noaeBreatiHi. IflTepecHKM asafleTtca o.%BepTHH anci M. 10 p k c u u <i a (BMiBteHiifi h m. 
352. aa 25. cepnna 19 IS. „Po6, I'a:ioni") b cnpaBi noneBiKani ajih yspaXliCBRBZ 
riliHaaifi. 

**) Ua Aia-itnicTt afeiiTiB nepacaBHo! BJia^ti na aicuax nprnnyciiaa miaicTpa 
<n liiTii BacHneHKa 3BepuyTH«> (y Bepecni Mtcatt,i) ^o miuicTpa BHyrpiniuii 
cnpaB 3 ocofljiiiBH* BpoxanHHH ii;i;iiTii ;:axo,tin ,t." K>TO, m<b6 CJapocTH sic 'iunn.ni 
nepeuiKo,t umimiocm ..IlpocBii". 



75 



A any x uo3Hipo b .uiicHOCTii saJxaxo npiimiTe.ii.CTBO CKnpomu- 
eutoro-JlBBoryfia b irji enpasi, b 6opoit6i yKpalHCtKoI n-enoKpaTil sa npaso 

mi eiiOH) mobv, cbok) Ky.u,Ty]iy B CBOli Kpai'ni V <I>;m;toji icTiij'BaHHfi yiipai'ii- 
cbkoI jepaaBH i ^onaraaHaxB Hisuiin iiiiaii.niTn n „ca»ocTiibtiCTi M npanii- 
Te.ibCTBo ivTi.jiatia upiMiyuieae Oy.io aeKJiapyBaTB cbok> npiixiutnicTt r i,o 
VKpamctKOi K)'jibTypH, BHRassurfi HasiTL aasasH irpo oGosaaKOBe bhbtobbh 
Bcima ypaviOBHBJin yKpafHCtKOf mobii, npo ;eooboji;ctbo iia yi;paiiicij;iit hobi, 
(im.iiiii'rviiiiTii aaiioiiii npo nuOBfiaKOBe BBe r i;eHHH no bcix uiKOJiax yKpaiao- 
BHaBCTBa to-iuo, o.yia'ie, b juhchoctb hiu.io hukom sa BicaaiBKaiu „xai6o- 
poCiB-eoCcTBeHHUKtB" i „npoTOii)ieoBn;iB\ HaicasK oKpesmx jtimerpiB, m,o, m 
il oppo xotlm o^ctohth upasa yKpatocbKol uoba b .u'p:i;aBimx ycraaoBas 

,Hin;a. Hai'nepa), 80BC1JI He HiiiaiiiYiia.iJiia, i'xnijui iMiiBpouiTfiiuia.Hii. 
ak b caaiix aMcrepCTBax, ras i b npoBiBUjiajibHux opfasax riHicrepcTB, * i 
Ha naKaa npo mnauHiiia yKpafectKOl kobb muni ypffjoBiij nqnoBua.ui 
(hk, npiisipoji, ii. A (Jianaci. cb b NuiiCTepersi iipauj): „Bee o,jho CKopo 
YKpaiiHL! yace as Sysen, nxBTOBy yupaiiHCKaro aaura ymiTt Be Ba&o." 
■ ..\'<»), I'aijyra" 3.324, 23. juntas 1918.). ^yse iiompKOBarti bsxoah 

rpa Uacn.ii'Hi;;i. cnpasjeHi mi nocreneHHe BBexems ynpaiucLKOl jhobh 
ii yKpai'iio.iuancTBa B aino.ni, aa.'inuiajiiier. Ha nauepi aepTBOto 6yKB0K>. 

:}ax'i.ui. nopoCiem rerbatascuKsa ypafloi ,i.ia n posBKrKy yKpalHCBKOf 

i.-y.n/rvpir. aaxoja, skiuih ivTf.Mauiniiiia 'm.ia Birxna;noBaTifci, nepe/l 

yKpaiHCbKHiH „naTjiioTaMii" i iia mi, h noTpiom ,%an irel MOJteHTii, aasme 
nocanaaaci., nam b r\ tm j>i i iii it,i.n;i»i ^eKopaTBBHsS xapaicrep. Mass bohii 
aa oii.i hi' .uiicHy ocBrry napoajiix Mac, a .mine aeKopaaJB ocbItii. Verb* 
.nauebiniii \\>:i,\. ae cnpofflxcfl b nia cnpasi ai aa u,i,iih camocTiiinnii cepikw- 
HMii CTyuiHi.. I5ia .iiiiiie iH'ciiiiiiin; ;:a i.ia.-pcTViiaTi! r i,e-mo a TOrO, mo oy.io 
cTBOpcno i opi'auiaoKaHo sa lacifi U,eHrpajn>HOl Pags. Tas 6yio b Ai;a,i,r- 
MiuKi Hayi; i 8 ICHlBCtKHB ra Ka>iincn,i.i:iiM r T,epx:iBHiuiH yfldBepcHieTsra. 
Opi'afliaOBaHEH ipSKOl upa 0,eaTpajn>Hil l'aij KalBCtlfflfl .VK-jiaintaaaiii 
Iliai.iiHil yHiBepciiTeT npocro uy.io tubes ^eKpexoaaBO ,T,epa;anniiM : iss 
ca.no roaoBHy pofiorj i no opi'aaisairjl Kasbien^Eoro yniBepciiTeTy oy.io 
upopooseao aa qaciB DjcHrpajn.HpI 1'ai.n (iiposfi. OrieHKOiw). Cnpasofo 
npi'aiuamtir yspalacbKOl AKajteii! Mayi; kjouotmocIi me ro reTi.jiaiiiiumii 
KHiaCbKe .Vi:[iaj'maa;i' HayKOBe ToBapHCTBO, i aona 6yia sse dJEHBbBOB) 
i,n ycnjniHoro aaiaii'ii'inra: I'eTJbmaHCLKe opasHTeateiBO bbhjio U b cbo! pyKB 
i ]ai[iijnii.[<i i'i uo-CBOciy. t'eHepaa CKopona^ctKHfi 3aTBep;i,HB (JjopoB^aTid- 
iinri I'ra'nT Ai;a,icMii'. npHBHaiHB upi-aini'irra fi ai;a r i,i'Miiian i noaiarocjroBUB 

i'X Ha jiliHOTV III,], CBOll BIlCOKOOCBi'ieHlIM KepOBHHUTBOM. **) 111,00 :iaaaiTll 

eofii 'UnaiR* caaBH p noKpoBHTodB yKpalHCLKOi nayKir, ivTr.>iami,i nasiani- 

*) Taw, iiaiipiiiLiaA, H;i<i;uuiiiK KoMeimianoi Ctvikuii npii ynpaB-iiHiii UpaBO- 
khhi 3aii3HHm, n. Pajimm, tiofjaiiiiiinii nanepa, nncauoro yicpalHCWcoK mo- 
boio i no^aHoro 8o«y sa niainif, cKaaau : „Jli; aonro e a .natajtUHKOai Koaepuiuaoi 
<.iy;i;i''ji, ninKiii j-KpafncBKur nanepin ue nUimcynaTJiJiy''. KaTepiipoc-iaBCtKiifi tj6, 
era. feuepa.T l I o ]i h i i; o ii poaicjiaB ao nonitipiiiix CrapoCiiB raeSHoro ooiaiHiiKii 
(na pociScsBii mobi — 1. ^epann 1918. <t. 237), b hkomj upoxas b«ctb mcxfUMBB 
8 inisi ,.na pyoi-KOM-i. bbhke". B KalBCiSOHJ nraasain'TEi" (rpaj,«Ba>ia3iCTBi), no.uan- 
ctKiil cKapfloBiS p^can fi bbtosi jrpaiai ^oMoucTpaTBBuo HetyBa.ni ynpajHCtEy mobv. 

**) Ilpe3H3,enT0Ji AKaaeaiJ (jy.io ir[)H3Ba>jeH0 aKaj. BepHajCi k o r o; a yicpa- 
ni'i.iaix B^eniix i! koffi-dl Spaan y*acr irpo^. KpitsciKHfl i Barasifi. 



— 76 



.inci. nitJiiTt npHTHrni so yinarn b cupaBi opi , am3aii,ir AKa^eaiii upoip. M. 
C. rpyiueBCtKoro, ia u,e im ne B^aaocb. CiyjEHTH .neKOparaBmii ocBm 
i Hayn,i, a paaoM 3 thm son 6k ft nocepe^e ^onOHorra jiertuiiaanjl n,nm 
caMiiM noiim.nn.i.KO-icaiiiTaJiicTH'ffloro, HaciLiBHimbKoro MOnapxiniHoro peaumy 
na yKpaini JI. PpyineBCbKnn ne air, xoi HafioLiian aonpaiiioBaB jliih co- 
TBopeHHH bhiu,oi yKpalHetKOi HayKOBoF incTDTynil, aa KHMta posiB nepe^ 
peBOJuon;ieio BiicTaBrntuiii ceft nocTyjiHT, Piuiyio bJjmobhb bih as. BepHa^- 
ctKOBy i npo$. KpiracbKoaiy, asi floCnvracb a hdm uo6aieHHJi, ai,o6 naiio- 
bhth fioro 3,0 ynacTH „b inTepecai yKpaincbKOl nayiar 1 . 

TaK 6yao Ha ropi, 3 AKa;;eirieio iiayE ia ymBepcnTeTaini, j;e in>- 
Tpi6Ha 6yjra ,n,eKopan,k. TyT xoi caHKnionyaajii, aeKpeTyBaiH Te, m;o <5y;io 
iri,T,roTOBJieHO pamm,e. Ajie sse Boscia ni'ioro He Cyjio apofwieno HH'-KMe — 
b cnpaBi HapojiHboi hhxioi i cepejiboi ocbith, 6ea akoI He Moron po»- 
ltuiiynrcb i ymBepciiTeTii Ta AKajeMiii. Tyi, sk ih Bate BKasyBajin i Oy^esio 
ciiimBTHCb imacie, see 3po6.ieHe uepeji; tub, 3a lads H,eHTpajbHOl Pas*, 
noBepiajrocb nasaa, peipecyBaJio. yKpaiHCbid unawin i 3'oKpejra fiMnasii", 
:jacHOBani aa ^acis I^enTpajibnoi Paj,H, 6yan bobcm 3aHes<5aai. Hpo Bi^- 
KpiiTTH irORitx nixTO i ne it/job. yKpalnctKa niKOJia, MOBa, Ky.ibxypa, 
ocb™ Hapo,Tnix wac aauena^via. 

HaTOMicn,b wajm hobhhu ycnix 3axo,T,n piainnx reTMancbKitx ajiiiiri- 
eTpaTopiB i sinicrpiB-yKpamoaiepiB, Haapaiucm apoTii yicpaiHCbKOi mobh 
i KyjibTypn. JtpgsasBxS. KOHTpoabop Ai|»aHacbeB, ne sasj^wai cool 
KionoTy BnBfeHnaM yi.-pai'aa&KQi mobii, poacoas (b ^epBni) aifpCKropaiw 
j;o][Tpo. T ii.uax jteaaptaneHriB noBifloineHHff, b Hicoiy „uoKopno iipocira" 
„r. r. ;J,apeicTopoBi, Bt dyraiixk oOpameubr' ,t,o irtoro „ci> nncMeimbiMn 
^OKJrajj,aai[ n.ia apeji,CTaBJteiiin na upoCMOTpt fiyna n.", .xanaTii „BXB na- 
JiircaHnLiBiH no-pyccKlt". „9to naGamn-b meim otl hmhiuhoh Tpa™ BpeMeHH" 
— niicaB n,ei reTbicaHCbKiiii n noKpoBHTeorb u yKpamcbKoi Ky.ibTypn. HJ^e 
,T,a.Ti Hui^TH nnuii MmicTpn. ToBapnm ^epacaBHoro CeKpeTapii Ponaiim: 
nojjaB b cepimi raiciin,i r (o pa^H MiHicrpiBt ji^me inTepecny sanireKy upo 
npasa locKOBCbKOi mobh na yKpalri, b hkiii, siiac hbuhm, imcaB : 

„Ha pociScbKiii mobi roBopiiTb i nnme dijibinicTt rpoMa^H yKpamn (!), 
Bi^cyTHicTb neBHnx Hopjr wfi-jifl npas pocifictKOi mobii b BBHBEy a eij- 
siiiioio aaKOHj npo HaiijoHajj.no-KTJiBTypBj aBTOHOMijo npHMycnTt 
iiaraitox oci6, b TOMy ^ncjii it seeHe, y^epataTnca b i ;i, 
eaxiieaafl ce6e ,t,o CKJia^y yKpaincbKHx rpoMa^aH". 
B KiHui u. PoaanoB ^OMaraBCfl Bii3HuHHa jhockobcIiKoi mobii ;j;epacaBuo(o 
mobok) na yKpaltri. P^a minicrpiB ne aniaKOBka, BBH^iafiHO, Bi^; H,iel aa- 
micKii i cauoi nocTanoBKH nirraiiHa" n. Pom3hobi™. BoHa o6in,HJia 3a r i;oBO.iK- 
nnrn floro r T,o.naraHHa i yiaiaim aoupoxaia n. PoiiaHOBa ne cnpoTHTii 
yKpaiHCbKOl ^epxaBH i ae ojjMB.uiTHCb Biy, 3aHHCienHa cede ji;o ciiiasy 
yBpaoHCbSHX rponaji;aH. r Tpyrnfi PoaianoB — idHicTp K)CTBH,iI *) — 3hhb 
anraFmH npo ,i;epavaBni npaBa MOCKOBCbKoi mobii b J^epsaBHOMy Ceaari 
i 3nafiinoB Tam 3aB3HTHX Boporis yKpaiHCbKoi' mobh Ha ncii 3 ceHaiopoM 



*) B CKaa^i reTtHiuicLKO-aHsorjeiBciKoro ypn^y BiAfiyjfflct iiiaHime ,ie-nKi 
jx'mn, a cane 26. Mima ahiicipow BnyTpiuiiinr cnpaB Cjjio irpHSHa^eno I. li i- 
ciaKOBCBKoro; 1. cepnHa Hinicrptw Kcran;il dyao npiisHaieHO (saaici;^ ^y- 
CaactKoro) 0. Poaauoaa, 12. cepnna niHicipoM lapqoBBX cnpaB C. PepfieaH. 



77 



.1 a in B a p l o is h m. B peayjiBTari 6yj>z.Jimuz ^efiaiiB npOTomo 3acuain> 
ceaaTy noiaan cKaa^axHCb na jcbox mobos: uocKOBctKifi ia yKpaiHCbi;ii"i. 

HaBefteHXX tpaKTiB ^ochtl %kh Toro, moo" cKaaani, mo ne mockobcbkv, 
a vspafHCbKy laosy it Kyabiypy <5yjio aaraaEO Ha sa^ttipKii ;i,<jpH;aBHoro 
i L-vi-iii.ii.noro zkhtts Ha yKpaini, mo He MocKOBCbKa, a yKpafaCBira nsosa 
Tepraaa noHeBipaima i oyaa b 3auenari ua i iaciB reTbiaHmiiHn. *) 
I „Po6iTHHHa Faaena" Majia noBHy pan,uo inicaTn: 

„yKpalEciia h a n, i s nepeSpae fl joci j ciaHOBBini n o- 
HeBOjeno5 nanil; yitpaiHCi>KO)iy rpoiiaa^iicTBy mo-,T,n« roboshtmh 6opoiBci. 
3a npaBa jupa'iHctKoi „aepajaBH0l" sobh b yKpalHCtadS Jepataai. YKpaineiKi biku.isi 
ua CTaHOBiimi uacHUKis cynpOTU pociflctKux, jpa yKpalHCEKM flepaiaBHnx fh«Ha3iii 
b cioaimi yitpalHU Heaais noMeiiiKaHj,, b tom lac bk pociiictKi fiana3ii aaioTi i/jopi 
noaieiJiKauna i m,e fi uo xothtb bdjcthih b hex yKpainciKm ii»n.a3ifi, io^a fifl sa 
seiipHio 3Miny. llo npoBinn;u Koan & oa,KpnBa»TMK cepexai ntKOjni yEpamctid, to 
Mme aaxojanH iricn,eBHx n IIpocBiT" it Hnmni rpoaajcBKHi ycranoB, a He jwp- 
asanoio. IIoiaTKOBa niKOJia M a,oci ne nepeiifflaa ua yKpai'HciiKy MOBy. 3 BeaHKOJO 
noTyroK) nxo.T,aTt y ;khtts nea Ha bck .VKpaliiy yitpaiaciKi ymBepcnTera ; b Toil 
a;e *iac saxoaaaH jiepjKaBH BUKpHBaeTtca aSo uae oyni BiitKpaio njaafi psa po- 

ciucMux BHnytx uiuia **) ,,HpocBiiH" 3aKpHBa»»ca, an Kpa«o.ii.Hi yciaHOBH, 

ciapocuj 3a6opoHaKJTt yEpalactKi BiiCTaBH. HosonpnsnaMeui n,eB30Bi caaoBpaiyBaHEa 
dapaKPTiCH BiiKopiHHiH Bcaisy yKpaSBiaanjio. Bca ua miaita (JiaKTis aaopaHa 3 Kynrai 
Biuia^KOBiii fasei, nosiGunx iji a k t i b, ani csijian irpo noaeBoae- 
h u ft c i a h y k p a 'i a (i b b o 1 ii a u i i, ji o vim a a it a ii t « ckLuku yrojHu 
iiiit b KOxHifi laser i.-' (,,Po6. raaeTa" i. 354, 28. eepnaa 1918.) 

MocKOBCbKa 6ypaiya3iff i jjeMOKpaTia BbitHO CKpiii.m.iji cboi naHyioMi 
pycnijtiKaTopcbKi no3Hn.il na yKpalm; po6"iTBjne-ce.wraebKirn ace MacaM 
> iqiai'im (vpepio Bi3,Giipa.racb BcarKi MOXjniBOCTn 3,0 i.y.ii.Typiioro poaBim;\. 

1 1. YHpa'i'Ha dae nempon BcepociHCbKoT KOHTp-peBoyiioi;iT (opi'aHi- 
3auin -tiopoTbtiH 3a BUCyAOBy eflHHoT Poci'i). CaHocTiiiflicTh > i.paiiiii 
D;e Cys o;;iih 3 nafifiobiu neiipneainnx i npnKpnx (paie™ He ilibKii jlts 
pociiicbKoE Cypaiyaaii, a.ie it ^-th KeiOEpaTil. 3 hum Pociane He xori.111 
npiraiipiiTiicb m aa aisy n;iHy ; iroro bohb EBaiKa.™ HKnaicb Henopo3yniimjiH, 
aiKiA-iiiBiiK He TkbEH aaa hm — Pocian, a-ie it ,w njaoro CBMy. 
PocificbKa ^eMOKparia riuimia cede Ha,i;ieio, w,o Mepes soBninii in KOpoTinnfi 
vac ..cnpaBe^iHBicTb" Bi3bste ropy, npoTiinp)ipo,py caMocTiumCTJ, YKpaim 
(Syne CKacoBaao i si^HOBJieHo e^psy se;inKy Pociro. A mo6 n,cit cno,TJBairafi 
nac npniluioB uibh^mo, bobb najaarajiacb apofinTH b iri»i Hanpasri. Bee, mo 
6j r .io b li' cnaax MocKOBCtKa upeea aeHb-y-neub niicajia, mo „OTCTanBaHie 
rocyjapcTiseHHaro n xoaiiilcTBeimaro otftesHHeHifl Poccin JiBJifleTca neoC- 
XM.tiiMiiifiuioni ycioBieax ne tojibko nauiero Han^oaa-ibBaro, ho h o6me- 
Me.iof^HecKaro npoipecca" (Klbb. Mtiaib"). „roJiocx Dra" — opnm 
i:pacnoro KOMi'reTy 3,OHen>Koro i KpnBopiaccbKoro fiaceflny i xapbrnecbKoro 
Komrery Poc. Co^-^eM. Po(5. IlapTii — micaB (b CTari Cana „Ba«Bepbio u , 
h. 37, cepnenb 1918.) : „PociiicbKi MOHapxncTn — i[pnxn.ibHnKn o6esaaHHii — 
rpaioTh 6i.TL.in nocTynoBy poaio, nix. iuopo^'iecbh'i HanioHa;iicTn — npii- 
xnj bHiiKn B i;i;oKpeM;ieHiig". BnxosH l in a iqiei msh, con;.-^;eii. opfaa AOBOflm 

*) mo topKacTBca ypiauonpaBHeHfla yKpalncBKoI i moceobcbko! hob y bii- 

iojii ibkomx yKpalHB, to ne Cyao nepeae^eHo oco)5jihbhh saKOiioM, aaTBeps^eEHM 

fcH LKoponaj,ctKHM, 3asoa n;cii BcranoBaaB, mo pisai sqeni sicepTaHii mokytb nncaiHM. 

1 oOopouaracB y bhd^ui uiKciai yKpa'inu aKHaaocKOBCtKiB, TaKi aa yKpaiciKili mobi. 

) lu.ii.Ka ph^klb cKoa^icKOBano reTBHaacBKOio n,eH3yi)o». 






— 78 



.lii.ii iir<.rm r i,nirn, yTBopeHHfl e;;imoro pociilcLKoro ippoiiTy, bIt; Kpai'iiiix 
HpaBirs I'pyn jsfi .liunx cosjismffiavmiL, &ik tfoporbon aa c;;imy Heno.T,i.ii,Hy 
Pock), s-ih ajamanHfl ceiiaparai-ni'mnx caMocTifiiutu,LKiis Ten^eHipii ne- 
xepsasHHX Han,iii (JyBfflOl Pocif. HeBTOMiio micaii iipOTH caMOCTiimocm 
>'i:pnlHii i'i opi J an K0Mi*reTa KaTepiiHOCJiaBCbEOi opi'airiaaii.il Poc. Coi^-^eK. 
Pofl. Ilap™, „HaMa.io", WBflUC/m b noamnaiiHy paxicrb kojkhoto 
paay, kmh y BHyTpiuimfi mi mxmpojon& wvimrni a'aH-minca tpaKTopH, 
Bopoaa ciiMOCTiilnocTii yKpafini. JlfiEb-y-jifiiu, Rararaxocb ec-epiBCLKe ,.Ha- 
poj;Hoe JJ, r B.io" ^OBecTii yKpaifiHini nepeBary <j>e,T.epaTifBHoI a.m;n 
>'j;paiHif na^ caMOcrifiHieTK) i thk ,i,aji 6ea mmifl. 

,l,o oi>niH.iicTn T [no-,ieMOKpaTniiHi!x opfamB npecir iip]ie;;HyBa.iai.-i. i;a- 
nercbKa npeca, a 3,0 niei ocTarniboi — jimiapxiiiiHO-peiiKuifina Ha loai 3 ,.V «- 
.10 co hi KieBa". TaK raopHBCfl HepoapiiBiniil .iaimfor e^HHoro jiuiuu- 
inubiioro pocificsKoro (jipoHry jiga fiopoTbdir 3 yKpafHCFiKom caMocTiftuicTio. *) 

3 ko;khhm jyiea reTtiraactKoro iianyBaHHn aifrauja aa bUhob.h'iiiih 
e;mH0J Pocil naOipaja see lunpimii i (ipii,T,KUnnx ijiopiti. 3 CobItcbkoI Pocil 
Hai'ajn.'io Bee {iL'ituie loc-KOBCi.KOro raiiBopnmm Kn.iiinim o<J)iiu,epji, napci,i;i 
MmieTpir i <iniioBHin;ii, iiojriuniini. cneRyJiflHTH, imcbMemnrKn i aixepaTopii, 
apTiicTii, l oeun r l,i_!|i;i;aiaioi' flym i r T,ep;KaBiioi Pajpi. aiOHapxncTii, Ka;i,™i, 
jiapojiri coniaaicTir, ec-aeKir, ec-epn — no outran,!, ^ecHTKaiH, cothhme, 
EHCfftara nepttfuiuii ^p Kiii'Ba. .in iimiinx Jiici yKpai'iin: poaTauiGByBa.in'Cb 
tvt, 3aMun ,i,ep;i;aBHi itoca r T,n, SHaxojpiH immiiii aapoorrOK, o.r,ir' r i,«m> na.nicB. 
i, osimuoBiim sifl crpaxy, jikofo aaaiin.ru b CoBiTCbuiii Pocii" hu, Sojituift- 
bukIb, iioquuajin poaMaxynaru pjKaiH, rpoaimi ..Bopnrair, rypiyBiiTiieb. 
oy^vBaTii Ji.uiHir KOBaiepxa caiOcrifiHOCTB yKpai'Hn i BuoyipBii ejiinol 
Pocir (6). Uijt&swie&i nyaa nalmwm meKmsaa, n'cueBi pociilcbKJ rawia 
aOBCia „poaxpaopi.Tii". Bnj,aTJiim,i lopHOcOTemii aigep ,T,e:»oHiTpaTiiBHO- 
He xotuii HpKtsaTH yKpaiiicbKorn ropoacaHCSBS (a» toto BHX&raB iyth- 
hw&xbM aaKon), saiiaioHH uacTo b tok se <me piaad rpOMa^CMti ^h 
naiiin. r i,epa;aBni nocaftK na YKpaiHi **) MockobclkI oij)Hi],epH ini'ia.iu 
opi'aHiaoByBaxn pia;ni niilci.Koui TOBapHCTBaA i CogbI lacTHHB .vin onpoTbdu 
a Boporaan e^HHOi HeiiOflJibHOl Pocii, b Tony uiic.ii ii a >Ki>ai'iiii,aMU. 
KasBTit Ha Ho.ii a Muiokobhs Bi,i;6yBa,iin vBcxmm najia.1.11. BHiuyKyioiB 
cnocoOii) ..Bi,ipni;i:e]iii;i Pocii". B Bepecm-aOBTHi Ki r i,6y.-iiicb b Knmi 



*) JIo,i.ai*Ho rj'T ypiiBOK 3 CTaTi i;a^cia K i> u m o b c ie o r " (BJiimeiiiit 
r. ,.I' u .1 11 c +, KieBa" b cepnm 1918.), b aKiu Bin „6ojiiB ayuieio" a upiiBn^y xoro r 
mo ^c-aKi Ka.ieui bbmob dii npHxnjin.iHCB ,v> Bii.mauHa yKpa'incBKo'i se]i;KaBHocTii : 
i:iiKou Go.ii>ki B't jynit, 'lsnaTL, inu-an ncri it'Tuuuo-pyciKnii Ka;ieT: ,,'im effit 
BWKoii Pi." fin ]iaBi[ociij[j)Ha Kfi&h BciiiKuii .VKpaHHM. Kaicnn xryicil Kpai'EOif 
ciuaa noKpHsaetea mho npB BOcnoKSB&BiB o rhx'b bcLicl HaBtcTHuiii 3aaBjeEiiaxi,, 
kou ,Tfc.iajiici aHB;aiiH, etoanuiiiu b-j, Bjoraofi n Heffbanoi napiiu k.-^., uiio.uuiMiiiii. 
cBoe nepBopojCTBO 3a le^eBannyio nouieCKy, xoth 6u ii n3roTOB.ieeiij'»i na t-Bpo- 
nelcEofi Kyiut". 

**) Tan, I'.ia.'iiiiii KH'iiii'tKoS MiiicjbKol r l,yaii i i.ich ypfljoBo! peBiahliioI ko^ 
aiicil (mo BepeBo,i,ujn pesisin seaoKpauriHoro mukiimli i-nMoynpajuiwia) n. 1 1 o 3 e ip i 
■ifi npoaofli, BiirojoHieniS b khibcmoh MiEcudl ^mi 28. .iiunifl, 3asBiiB, mo 
nin .uiaim.i'H na yspalactKy B.iajiy, ..hk ua riiaiacosy Maay pociuctsol ^epa;aBH". 
Ili-juime (ii cepnm) uofi nan no^aB, psxnn ;i iiiiiiibmii ..ipTBBHO-pyccKHitB", »aaBj r 
ib,o eih apiKauTtca 6yni rpoHaj,HHHHoa yKpalacBKOl flep-.KaBii. 



Til 



napa.ui 'i.it'Hijj [V ^epxaBso! ^yra i ^,epsaBHei l'arn (inn, raaOByBaxHSM 
]'!». A. UofipHHCbKoro), upiiCBjmem lit eamiii tow — opi'ani3au;n 
dopoTso'n sa ejiiHy neno^LitHy Pociio. 

IIopasKa Hiae'renmi i dowtok irapoBiix neperoBOpis (Hinreitiinui 
3 AMepiiKOK)) b aiOBTHi Micflnj i[tT,6a v T,topir.m MOt'i:niifi,i;y uyp;i;va:iiio i jf/smh 
Kpariio na YicpaiHi it BiiK.inKa.ni Ha^iio Ha niBiUKe a^iiicHeHHii i'x Hanjo- 

Ha.'liCTIIWI]X, BfcllKROjepXaBHimbKHX MOCKOBCbKHX i?fiaMB. '..>. aCOBTEH 

II. Mi-iHiKOB inican Bse (b nepe^odi rrari „PyccKaro Fojeo 
Hi HPO mo HHiue, flK iipo npifrwiaairhn sarasBHO-pocilcBKoro ypii r l>, hkhS 
6b penpe3eHTjBaB kgjhiuhio Pocim b i"I u,i;io.Tty na miipoBiii KOHtjiepeHH,ii 
i uvb 'Hi iipoTiitiarOR), yK do.iLiiit'Himi.Kojiy yps&OBi, TaK i M Micn,eBHM'- 
ypaaa*. '■$ ussbbma oprtmsaipl Baranso-podficbKoro ypnviy "oia.™ bsock- 
mc!» b n;eii lac i sockobcbkI cou,i}].ncTn i Jiii napiir na .YKpalm, 3ampaKffl[ 
B iK'piny Mi'piy niiBaiHTii, sa joiioaoroio AiiTairni, ypju feHep. C'Kopoiiaj,- 
ctKoro. Ta iipo u;i iuiaHii tdsHUue. 

Cno^aTKy npaBHTe.ii.CTBO t'KOpona^CLKoro hbmob oh ua.nipa.nn-i, 6o- 
jn/niL-1, .j BopoaHMB >'i;pai'iic&Kiii r ],epacaBi eiHHOHe^i.iiJMwebKUMii kockob- 
etxsss opi'surisanjium sa J'KpalHi, ;t,e-Koro 3 0C0O*.iH80 mpx.iuBifx 
..i:,uiHOH(ui.[iiMu,in L ' (Jyjio Hanm. Ha KuibKa ,T,Bm» aaapeiHTyBaao, norpoatyBaso 
miciarn „aa Head YKpaiHii" jUepa Ka,i,eTiB II. MIa»KOBS, a.ie utoh^ko 
iciniy.iti n«) rpy b n caMocTifiHiru;TBO" i jajti B»;e \\m\m m, nepeniKO^ajn 
Be;uiKopocaj[ TBopnra a yKpalHH $opnoCT iicepociHCtKO'i e;i,i[HOHej 1 i."JiiM'jec].i;oi 
iroH'rp-peBo;iioi;ii. Ko.ui a; a 3axo^j HOBiaio hobki hobItpjim, kojiii no'iaio 
BiipiaoDyBaTiici, posGitTTH HucewuniH i JiepeMora AhTajmr, npamiTeabCTBO 
CKopoiiaxcbKoro i cofii wcamm Ha HOTy B e^naa Hesi.iuHa". Ta npo u;e 
TakoiK immune. >'i;pai'in-i.i;a seKOKpaTia 3 cboFm o6eTO»BaHHHi npnHnjna 
He3a;ieiKH0CTH YKpalHii omnia. iaia, b cboIS i;paiHi, nemos y Bopoaaa CTani. 
1! pocLScutOMj raoopi nona He muta eni;ibHHKiB ni 3.iiua, m aupaiw. 
..Pchkc naacNHe poayainHfl aia; HaNii i Pociauasui 'reuep anniao, — imea.ia 
yi.-paiHCbKa cou,.-j,eM. raseia b Bepeciii Mictup („PoG. Fa 3." *r. 378, 
29. nepHH 1918.). He ierHyu Mia; mora i Haara SKSjpcoi cnin»HO! mobii. 
Oaiiuii.iin'i, sin i Boair no pia;nnx «1oi;ax dapis;a r i," 

llaji,ioiiaibHi buhociihii ;voear:ni nai"iui:ii>uioro aanpyaeHHH, 
pociicbEa i;oiiTp-peBo.itoi!,ia 3arpoaryBaJia uobhoio aiEBJABjdes) as iItlkii 
yKpaiHCbKoI jepsaBHOCTH, aae B Bcix HanjoHaabHO-KyjbTypHBs ]n j BO. i iiou;m- 
hiix innuvTKia yKpa]'MCKK"i'f> sapojqf. 



PospXjl IV. 

yKpaiHCBica A@MOKpaxia b ^aci renMaHmnHH (TaKTHKa 
npauHni i jiiBHEtil. 

12. OepeTBopeHHH yKpai'HCbuoro Ha^ioHaJlbHo-AepmaBHoro Con)3y 

B ynpaiHCbKtM HaU,iOHaflbHHM C0K»3. yrOAOBCTBO. Xot Bau,i<ai;i.n,HHii iokbht 

i i:i.[nrpai!iiE b oriTorjafli i r i,i:T.ii,iniciar yBpateCBKOl aBHOB^Til km, «ac 

iiHiijr jiyae BffiBHy pM.no, ojKaHe yKpateewta ^eHOEpsria ae saaa 
3aTynaaHTH cede ao^yrTai BanjoHajEHoI hiik.tiotoocth i raoBimBmr. TaK 



— — . .. — - - ■ 



— 80 — 

6yjro 3a <iaciB U|eHTpain>HoI Pa^n, TaK 3a.inuiiLi:ocb i Ha noiaTsax reTb- 
Haumnnn. ^epea n,e b toh Mac, he yKpalHCtica ;ipi6na Oypatyaaia CToa.ia 
b onosunil so reTMaHCbKOro ypjmy mafiace bhk.to i iho a iothbIb HanjonajiL- 
hhx i soMarajiacL 3aadHM neyKpaiHCbKOro CypsiyaaHoro upaMrreJibCTBa na 
yKpai'Hc&Ke GypatyaaHe at, yKpalucbKa aeatOKpaTia — Ta H Hacinaa, mo 
BBaxajia MoaaiiBUM i HOTpiomiM bso^iith b amch Bi^HOCHHH 8 ruTLmaHOM 
t 'i.<ipouaaci»Knn i Beera 6opoTb6y a fioro npaBHTeJibCTBOM B aeraj&HHX 
tpopiiax — b ocHOBy cboix ^ouaraHL, cbofo Bopoawro BuiHoiiieHHJi so JPHP* 
TaTypn 6ypa:yaai[ mi YKpaTiii CTaBn.ia mothbh con;ijiiitno-eKOHOMU<ffloro 
i iLoJiiTinuioro KiacoBoro xapaKTepy. J[jisi nel ypa^ CKoponajjctKoro 6ya 
HenpneMJiejuiii He tlilkh uepe3 Te, mo bih HanioHaJitHO 6yB He yKpam- 
ctKHM, a, ronoBHDM hhhom, qepea Te, mo Bin 6ys ypajiOM 6ypacya3HnM, 
BopossoH po6iTHH i ie-cejiHnci>KiiM Macau YKpaiHH Buaxaai, de3 HaujoHaju.unx 
pijKHHiy>, a yKpaiHCLKHS — Bopoamti ftBki: i 3 coiyjuiLHO-eKOHOMimHoro 
i a nai;ioHa.iLHoro CoKy. B Tama HanpjraKy noBeaa ynpalHebKa seMOKparia 
6opoTb6y 3 reTtiaHCLKiui peaaraom a ahh fioro HOBCTanHH. HepeTBopeHHH 
H;iel oopoTbCn b Han;ioHa.iLHi (Jropain (mo upas^a, 3 3a,T,epaMHHH)i coujjliluo- 
eKOHOMHHHoro 3aicry II) ctojocb noBOJii, mji, BejuiKHM bhjihbqh 3pocxy 
MOCKOBCbKoro HaHJOHaaiaay i uroBmiay Ha yKpaim, na npofmax hkoio mh 
Bnme cnHHHJiHCB, yKpalHctKiifi HanioHa-itno-^epacaBunil Cojo3, mo noscTaB 
b nepini am no reTbsiaHCbKM uepeBOpori i, rypTyiofH 6bm cede yitpaln- 
clkI .npidHO-oypacyaaHi Ta HanioHa-iicTHini ciemen™, naB Temennuo flO 
HepeTBOpeHsa b sopasHnii opi'aH npii rcTtiani b ciipaBax HanjoHajiLHoi 
nojirrnKii reTbnancfiKoro ypsay, hg 3HafiniOB cniB<iyrTH Ta dphxhjuiHocth 
b Koaax yKpalucbKo! fteaOKpaTii. yKpaincbJdii aejioKpaTil, naBiTb Haiinpa- 
Biiu,iiM u l'pynaM, 6yao He no aopoai 3 peaKnionepaiH B x.ii6opoCaMn- 
seMOKpaTaMii", xoh uj ocTaHHi ft rajacyBaan aa yKpamcbKy aepaiaBHicTb, 
aa yKpalHCbKuu ypfta, i yKpaiHCbKy Hanionaitny nojiiTHKy, 6o Bee n,e majto 
ilyra ne tLtbkh yKpai'iietKHM, ane b xoi'i ate 'iac i reTbuaHCbKO-aoHapxHi- 
hhm, 6ypacyaaHHM, peaKnifinnM, eynepemrHM kihcobmm uirepecaa yupaiH- 
CLKoro TpyflOBoro cejflHHHa i po^iTH^iKa. 

B HKiM nanpHMKy npan;KiBajra ^mta npasor yKpajHCLKoI aeiOKpaTir, 
Ky^n HanpaBjeHa (5y.ia n BO.ifr b jei'ajbHiH dopOTf.oi a reTUiamnnnoio, 
HOKaaye MeMopaHsya BceyKpalncbKoro 3e«ci>Koro 3'Ia^y (mo Bi,T,6yEca 
b iepBHi MicHn;i 1918. b Kui'Bi) jo fenepaaa CKopona^c&Koro. Ocb TeECT 
iy,oro Baarajii iiiTepecHoro soKyaeHTy*): 

„BceyKpalHctKHU 3eM0EKHii 3 1 S3ji, 3idpaBmHC'L 16. Hepaaa &sa poSBasaiina 
iraA3BiraafiH0 Baffijiusiii nniaHt 3araai>no-3eHCfcKoro jkhttb Ha J r KpalHi i EaMirnanra 
npofpaMy 3eaeBKo'i poOoTH, mo aac ckpliibth Sy^iBMo yKpalHCtKo'i ^epsasa na noii 
Kv-iMypjio-EpocBiTaix ia eKonosiniHO-rocno^apcLKia, He air ofiaiinyiH Bcii tiii hbhih 
i nosifi ey^acHOciH, mo ctoht6 na nepeniKO^i HopaaaiHOMy npoi;ecoBi n,iei poCora. 

Uucjieani noBi^oMiieHita z incut, 3aaBH, .ihcih (ijacio 3 bhshhul), HOKj-Men- 
ia.itHi Haai po3Bepny.ni nepes s'la^oa acasanBy sapTHHy neCjBaJioro aisimCTpanjii- 
Horo camoyispaBCTBa, ,ycMOTpeHia', peaKn;! 1 ! i pjlnii. B rpiaHBil toc, kojiii pimacrLca 
nataHBd, ih BCTanoBaiica no ceaax i aicTax xou aa,n, cnoKiii i npaaouopa^OK, mo 
e ejmaoio saaopyKOio BUBOBaeaaH aoCpofiyTy aaccieaHa i ^epxaBU, ko.ui BaaciiTbcit 
,i,oji:i l r Kpaiua — afeHTH BjaaH na Micu,ni poiJaaifc Bee, aOa me fiiaime p03inja'ra 

*) ^o pe^a, sa ni^nncanHn utoro jteaopaajtyaa ynp. ec-epLs JS,. ft p a h y 
i M. B. JleBHicBKoro 6yao BHitixneHO Ujeaip. Koa. yUCP 8 napTil. 






81 



i Oea Toro po3iHTaHy fij^oBy AepmaBHy, poO-ian, bibbkii, no jucKpeftHTy»TB Biajy, 
aarsoH i cnpaBejpiiiBiciB, BMpHBaKTB i Ty EpuiTy jr,0Bippa 3,0 EKoi-Oyss saajn, mo 
jtoci Ten-iiuac* na t-e-ii. 

1. Kapni Bifljijin, auraa a.iaj;a yEpalan ra^ati BCTaaoBaia aas i cnoKifi, 
poCiHib EaciuiCTBa, kbtvidib ce^nn, naciwyKTB adHOK i aLb^t, rpaflyioib, Haajia- 

u i;ouT[iiiij\uii, Jia.iait ceaa, apeniTOByioTb, 6e3C.ya.HO i 6e3BHHHo poscipLiioioib. 

2. AjsinicTpaiopD, mo neaaie Hapomaio nijfiipawTbcs 3 Bwpannrix BoporiB 
sapona (staHflapwB, noain,eiicj,Kstx npiiMaBiB, CTauosHs, oipaanjiKiB i bcakiii (Vyuiunx 
■i.ieuie ,Co»3a PyccKaro Hapojia') i nocBJiaioiica na CTapi aacajKeai uiciia, a,o- 
noBnioHiTi sapTnay 6c3Kapuoro, 6e30rJiHa,Huro aaaiHicTpaniiinoro eaaoyupaBCTBa. 
] la li-ioiii hobbotoso Bjajn i npaBoa ,yenoTpeHia', Bonn nrnpoKO npoBoa,nTb apemin, 
:iuq.ih'.|[| ocHoiseii cboI paiyHKH kjhcoboI 1101cm leiBKHUiai'iiisiii 
BEX ceiaicnoi i Boro ffisiaaii (no iipocKpnuniiiHM cnncitax s'laam BXftCHX- 
Kis ia ospeanx ociO). 

3. B cbo^x MBBKai Micneai ajiainicTpaiopir Tart aajiCKO iUj'Tb, hk ue Smjn 
b uapesKiil Pocil i jrimcipH: aaimaioTt Baoopnnx cyajLiB, npHSiaiajDTi xpyrax, 
u]> , y-:na.iaxnb tosob ■ 3"l33,iB HirpoBiix cyxnia, oa,ainaKm nocTauOBn, pooaaii bihhkh 
hbho npoTroaKonm i, aauyioin tepopy, aajULiiaiQTKH fle3KapBHnn. H,iia Beia Bidiiem. 
nijpHBaeTtca Bcsica sipa b nopsjioK, aaKtiunicTL ra anTopiTBT BJtajiji. CiepopusoBano 
HeaK>a,esKn3)ir HacasiCTBaaa. uaeejieuas a5o KHA,aaTEca b o^'iaii poanysa, 6e3uopai,- 
hocih i poi6ira«r£Ca ito aicax, xoBaeibca b atoxax i pOBax, a6o, SHeBipamacL b aa- 
KOEi i cnpaBB^maocTii, ho aaro'iH: ni Bia, soro 3axnciy, cxae 6opOHUTn caao eeSe 
36poBHnio CHJIOIO. 

I, aaiaicTi. TopatecTsa npaBa i 3aK0Hy, aa^y i cdokok, BnanttaioTb CTpanrai 
aopoasi noBCTajins, yCnBcisa afenriB BJiaa", uoaimjiKiE, noa;ead ft CTnriuHBii afpapHHii 
icpop i aa nuan, sk npjiBHa,, norpoaa ctpauiHoi ckokomhiboi pyiaa. 

4. Hapoani caMOBpaajBanHa, mp aoran fl enpnaiH BCTanoB.ieaKio aaay i cho- 
roid, auain npo 3,o(jpo6yT ce.ia i flep^asH, oCHBJiem n,Bjr.a agqumctpaaopaMH ,bb?b 
aaKOEa 1 (xo<i 3aKou npo aux HiKiia ne oaMiaeauH), Bssri nix auo3piaBa i ocoOjbbcS 
KOf.ibji, — apeunoByiOTtca ^.ichji ynpaBn, poooycsaxttua i aaae>iaTyKTi,ca ni.ii 
ynpaBii; Has saapeiaioBaHiraH, sboah'iii paiyaKB, 3HymajOTi.es, Sea bhbh i cii^ciBa 
no Micaa;ax ipiixaioTb XBopnx b HeaB^ctEax yaosax, b tsxkih peatnai y Ba3BHn,ax; 
3a6oponHK>TbCH i po3raaafOTbCfl a'i'a^n, sifipanua, Bpn3nanajoTi.ca ofipasanBi HeaaKouui 
pcEH3iI, ciaBHibca H]iOTn3aKOHH0, ,no ycMOTp-Iiaiio' cTapocT, nocilfanffi kobtpmi. 
rMOBieBiix fi iiriimix onepauia, po3BycEaioTbCH aaKa3aan bojiocdi 3eadBa uo n,i.ins 
noaiTax: aorpoaaifa m 11 6c a sine 10 m BUCB-iitoio na poCoiy b lepaaniFo BpaayrayioTb 
napo^ni cajroupnayBaiina 3aiiMaini'a ne cboeio pofioToio, — oGe33(SpoioBaTii aacejicBJiff, 
soijiaTis rpoini 3.1a KOHTpHOynifi, Bip,6n\iain b\h oyauiux aeae.ibHUX KOuiTewB, 361- 
jiani cepejt ceaaB i EonepTaTH noTia BOABopacnoBy 3a noMiiny aeatciBa x nosimii- 
kob! po3rpa0oBaae aauao, i, naperaii, noBepaeiraa c?apax n;eB30Bnx 3esciB i npocio 
irpnafia'ii'nufi naKaaaait ocifi ,fi.iaroHa,!;iHBiix', boiwhchx he xiabKii ^eaoKpauiaMoui 
<ih yKpaiHCtKoay napo.ioiii, .a a caaiii yKpaiHCbiciii ^.cpxaBi. CaoBoa, p 6 11 1 1 c a 
Bee, aCn 3UHBIIIIU cuei jenospmiEi opttii lepxseu 
i jicKpcniTyiiaTii Ji b o^a: Baceaeaaa. He Banaaxae HaisBimaiiHe oCypeaaa mon.- 
hoctb, sneuippa b aKiii-6y;i,r, poCoH uapojuix opfaaiB, yneao:iwiHBJiioi! B;imtoa pofloxy 
napojaix caMOBpaayBaai, pyiinyionn tiim caana i nis«ajinaB oynosn aepiKaBn. 

5. He 3a;iniEaHjib <5e3 cboci pyBayioaoI yBara a;iai£iicTpaTopH yKpainctKOl 
Jleparaen i aauinnaaLai npnxCaaaH: nepeBcienaa TBopjoi Hau,kiHaj[.no-aepacaBaoI 
iio.iiTLiKii ti nanpani cKpinaeHna caMOCiiigoCTH fxpalECfcEoI Jl,epacaBH (sk ne o6in,ano 
b rcTbaaaciKtii rpaaoTi) poCETbca inaaioa Tpycia i saKpinrn .IIpoi-BiT', ajaini- 
CTpaniixon beceikox> EiDTcaiB-yi:paiBn,iB, 3aCoponoro npocBiTHix s'la^iB, i3rnaHB2M 
yvpalncbKof sobb 3 yKriatacbKiix ypaaoBEx iacTaiyniil. SaarauuH yKpa'nicLKoro Ha- 
pojy ao aBT0KC()ia.ii,R0CTn yspalncwol nepKBB poafiiiBaroTbca caaoyiianua bhctveoh 
lopaoruTouniix Mepaxaiij, i Micn;e yKpalaebEoro Pontifex Marimns aaftaac, a'fiaa- 
rocioBenEa i naEaay poeificiBoro Cb. CfiHOfly, a»*nna, mo ncianiijiaca cBoem jim- 
toh) BoposicTio so jEpaiacbKoro napoay; 3 ypaflOBui iacinTynift, 3 BiucBKOBoro 
uiiafly ywasmota J KpalHBJ nuaaa fpynaan, i aa Kx aicne npusojaib ri, xto 
Biopa m,n ciaBBEea Bopoate EexiaLKa^o yispalnebKOi ^epacaBH, aijn caaoro iaenn 
yspaiEebKoro. Bee yKpalactKe isne ai^ 






Bee 

XpHCTioi;. IcTopifl peBOJtioaii, I1L 



nnojpiitu, apeniTii 
6 




82 



ifbcn anpoKOB pyKOio. ,1j c k> y b |i a I (i y ao Tiopaii sbohti', be 
es ec.iHiie, jim.iii'iircb ira KapTirun ajpOBicipanafiKOro caxoynpaBCTaa. 3po3yaiao, 

no cejuacmo, yKpainci.ua ReaoKpatiii i Bsaraai Tiopui nun yspalHa, hki ctBopiian 
yKpa'iiiciiKy flepJKajiy i cayaiiiati I! maBaanuoio, a Teaep ne3po3yai.inm noaitKKOK) 
\|i;ijv sapaxosaHi b cian noporia nic'i aopa;aun, aamTB Bci uiacTawi nepeKonannL, 
mo ii a e piEjyua Soaoriijua peciaapania ciapuro jajj s e 
i I .i i. k ii is c o n i a a b h i a, a a e i b ii a i; i o h a j b h i a p o 3 y a i h ii k). 

6. I'iijih 3 3 a r a a i. n ii a cuarysannu ropoxsicunix 
Bi.iLHOCieii noBepnyaoet i ciape aiasoaienHE ju up ecu: n, e e- 
a y p h i sa6 op mm t a -* a 1 1 Hag xubjii cioboi, ypflaoBi ;k BUiioBua.n.ni 
ifl$o])aan;iuHi opfaaii (bk i'TX) Teiiaenuifino nepenasyioTb aCo ^aabcuitiiKyKHB (jiaKTii 
iKiiTisr, i apeca BTpaiae bii.ihb i 3Ba<dnun aaa Haceaeniia; mopaTbca <iyTKti i npo- 
aoKanja. 3aOopoHHfoTJbca i po3raaaioTbCfl ceaaHctKi ia, poSi-ranii glaau, i b roil sue 
aac EaRSBiniaiiHO oniKyiOTbca 3'i3aaMH 3eaeaBnnx aaaenHiuB, apoaneaoBa,iB i Kanixa- 
aicTiB; iiaBMiicae i Bcynepei npaaai o6BiiiTyBa»iyK)T& yopaJHCBrcy iiiTeaiteimiKi 
b <5oJinieBii3iii. Bee n,e me Giabiue Eitenaai; napoani aacn, mo aoua Baaaa ctoJtb 
aa ciopoaci ae Xx inxepeoiB, a TiatKU Boae fie30i'ana,Hiii"i noxia apont mix, aonoao- 
Fa»TO a,Ha i im aeaopaai3anai ia 3,e30pfaai3auii, mo gapaa Tan mnpHTBcn. 

7. Hapearai, caaa iieiMpaatHa anma Baaaa, BHaarajoin atoaaBHOCTii bU «a- 
poay i napuanix opfairis mo-ao cbob! aoaintKn, BHa.aioiii 3aKoan i aeoapaTUBai 
3ai[eBEeua.a, pa30M 3 tn jia« niacraau BiieBmiTHCB b CB05B ueaboaabimcTii, Hema* 
pocTH mo-ao cboI'x w.e pociiopajUKeat: 3aneBiiaioin, nanpaK-iaSi napoaiii caaoflpsiay- 
aaaua b ,T,o6pa3H<uiiBoay BiaBomettmo ao nnx, apiiaioaBO oOypioioiiicB caayapaB- 
eiBoa i ,yeaoTp1inieB'B' aicneoax BRKHxetpaiopiH, Bona racano Bnaae npoiaae^Horo 
aaiety nupKyafipii i pociiopaaaccnaa (IIpnKaaan: 1. Teacfpaaaa. CponHo. CeBpeiEO. 
ry6epaiaaiHtia't CTapocraai. HopynnTi. IIoBHTOBBa'b CiapocTaa't noaoOpaiB BlipHHit 
.noaeft, KoiopBiai. fiiaao 6-l bomoikho iiepoRan. acium, aliaa BoaocTHbixi. BexCTBt, 
floaaea:amnx"B yBpaajneniio bb oaaacaiiaioa'B Bpeaenu, CociaBHTL craiCKii ainrt 
aro^eft u o cocranaeniH opotBo cooflmnTL me* no Maerpaijiy. Tob. SfaHHCTp3 
bh. jia't BopoHOtEii,. 2_ UiipKyaapHO. tyCepaiaaiHHa Ciapociaa yKpalHCLKo'i 
3,epa;aBH. IIoBiaoaaaio una lyCepniaainnx CiapocT aaa BtjaoBiaaoro pocuopaa- 
-.i;eaaa, mo CKaiiKaana 3eactKirx siopaBt ao ocenn n.toro pony a BBaataio b Cynac- 
unit aeni a« BiaaoBiaaKi^aa qacy. B paai aaaaBiiiaBuui aoTpefia siCpaauia ao'.i.yn, 
Cyin CKaiiKaHi ae iiaaKme, aic 3 aosBoay BiflieiepcTEa BHyTpiniHii enpas. 3a MiEi- 
nicTpa B. C. B n ie n e b c e k h il B. H, 0. ,Hnp. ^.enapiaa, V a a a ii p o b c t b u fi I. 
MawTBca aeBai ^0Ka3ii TaKO'i aoawHKii i b nniBiix raayaai a.ep*;aBHoro acurni. Hi 
ipaKia, a xaKOiK ie, mp xo Baaan apiriiinan aiofte, SKi aaaaiaii Bopoace craBHZHCS SO 
j-BpalHCinoro pyxy, ?fi yKpalucBKOi JI,epa:aBH, nofiopiOBaaa ii' 3 ycix cna b iaa 
,«KHHoJ Beaianao'i Poci'i', mo BcaaBiianci ofipycaieairfSio i aETnaesoKpaTninom ai- 
aatHicTK), uLiKoa cnpaBeaaiiBO ytBopiiaa B yKpa'incbKia napoai fpyiiT i jiiarraBy jjq 
noBHoro neaoBipps i aaaiTi BopoiKoro BiaaouieaaH ao reTLaanctnoro ypaay BBtpOBEX 
irapoanix iac. 

8. He3BuiaiiHHan i norpoatjToiHaa TajKKHMa nacaiaKajui aaa chokok i Gyay- 
'iiiiiii Kpa» ysasae 3'xaa ri (j^pan BaaeMOBianocHE, mo cyii aaai aiiK yKpaiacBKna 
HapoROa i BmeHBEmi ia aBcipo-yropctKiia biHcbkom, a paaoa a tub i U,eHrpaabiiMu 
jl,ep3KaBaan. JloaiTEKoio resvUBCBKOto ypaay EiucBKO aaitpiia3Eeirnx Eaa JI,epacaB 
BTameno b oopottCy aBORaiiix ocoOhcti i k a a C o B i paiymn a (- 
papilB 3 ceaaHCTBoa; 3a aoaoaoroio niaeitbKoro i aECTpo-yropcBKoro sificBsa 
]io6aEtbCfl apeEiiii, npoBaaEttca Kapni eKcneaaijil, nacnaMTBa. peKai3nn.il i t. ii. 
Uiajni paa $a«iiB ia Eoaiaoaaeab 3 aicx CBia'iaib, mo hoke EiiictKO aanpEaaHeani 
una aepatas ae Gpaio yiacni b araaaniix aKTax aaciiaBciBa, ao nboro mnpoKi Koaa 
naeeaeEHH yKpalan ciaBHaacb apiiXHaEno i cirpaaaE nui;onanaio yKpa'iaofo CBolx 
o6oBB3BJB aepea UcETpaabBuaii Jl,ep;KaBaaii. I 30Bcia mime Biaaouieann Tenep, BOaB, 
iiiaaaioiECB nua3iBKaa i naHOB.ieniiim ypaay i fpya aeaaesaacmmiB ia npoancaoBU,iB, 
tpyjt, aaa aKiix iaTepeea iqinnsEii yKpafiin 3 HeHTpaabiinau ,J,e.pa:aBaan oyan 3ajiuie 
<iy:i;nxn i naBiTb Bopoatiisn, BiBcBKa aepxaB iayTb, hk ix afcaiu, — na'poa sneai- 
peHHH, i! posayKi a 6e3iiopaaHoeTH ayctjjinae 'ix, as Boporin, 31 3fipoeio b pyKax. 
aeacBKiiS 3'i'3a aae Biaoaocia, mo b aaKMx 3aKoaoiax bOhto GaraTo ceaan i caaaaT 
3anp!ia3neflnx aaa aepaian- 3 laaiKiia cyaoa i oflypeaaaa npoTn noaiinKB BTpaa- 



— 83 — 



jienHH apyssHMtfo hum sLBciEa Boporaan yKpalHCMsoro Hapoia, ! jepacaan b (Sopottfiy 

KjncoBo'i noacm KOBCTaTj-e ii'Saa ni <i>aKTit i ragae, mo upo^oBweHHS TaKo'i iioiimii;ii 

uesuHj^o noiante aa coCoio hobj eBcqeru. s |i.iii:rn i hob! iiiiiiiuiii xepzBH, 1 1. «- 

in.» b iHiepecai hi yKpaiHCBKoro, ni xpyxuii napoaiB. BnKonamia OepecTeHcLicoro 
3,oroBOpy, mo B;i;e noiaao Syao HaaarojcasyBaiHCB, aapaa ciano i He cnopo ciane 
aoaaHBH* ni'ii taKHX yxosax Toxy 3'Iagt u ixeHH 8axoBanna i BximieiiBH ops 
a UetiTpa-ifcHiisii ^epxaa&XB piraytie Bnaarae ycyHcuHH KOsraBOGHl BrpaBJienns 
BiEcbua aanpuinwcinix naa /l,epsaB b noaiTDKy nacujBMBa, Kapmix excnesHnjE, 
.is i i. ii. 

Bci ui cyans ijjaKTii aiiicnocTii i OCOOMBO b ueii rpiauuri Mac, KOflH piiiiaeTbca 
3u.n1 .Vi;paiHH, BneBHflKiTt aae b tix, mo hobiih ypaj ne ti.ii.kji ho aaeimiiin anapxil, 
He BCiaiioBHB Jaiy i cnnKOio, ropsecraa upaca, laKOHy i ciipaBeajiiBocTu, a Haa- 
naKH — loniTOKOio 6e3orjiaanol p e a k n, i 'i n pecTaBpan.il 
(Uporo Jiaay BKKIHXBB hobi xmni anapsi'i. isaBojioiiB, 36po&Horo nuaciannn 
i I'Tiixifinoro atpapHoro Tepopy. BinuintaB 30 ceue uobhe ESflOBippa i roctpy Bopo- 
■.Kii'Tu nmpoKHX Ko;i .iRj;uiocwi i aaxmaB niaBa.niHi! yupalactsol .^etnsaBHOCTH. 

Tony BceyKpaiHciBsfi 3eao>XH3 S'lgfl bkxbi&s: 

1. HeraSuoro iipniniiieiiiia aafliiik'Tparuiliioro caaoynpaBCTBa i ycynenuH Bcix 
rpHjoBTtia Big !iii;i.''iiix ao bkhibx, nopymannmi Basons, a ui.uaimiia "ix sajs, cyj(. 

2. BiaiiuB.ieinisi npuTH3aKOUHO po3irnaniix sapoaiiix caaoBpaayBant, neraBHoro 
vBui>HeuHB 3aapenJT0Baniix 3eMciKiix Ta rpoaaaciKiix aiaiia, aSo npea'aBjeHHa "i» 
Hi'iiiimyBaieHi. 

Hi Tftiiuoro poiBisaim k o a i c i ii no B«po6jeBH» 
noini SexciKiii i M i ii c i> k n x H o .1 o a; e n i ii, cnmeHii boiojj 
upon o plauiB aicneBoro asoiipuviaiiH i fapaHioBaHHH 
.;.. mi TBaa, hk Kapoairix opfauax, moaurHBOCTH miKunvBara HaoaaeHi na mix aapojox 
i uaKonox oOoaasKn. 

4. IIoBcpHciiHH i noBnoI f a p a e t i 1 scii mpossi- 

ClIEI lijBEOCteii. 

5. HeraiiHoro poiBmBis cyqacuoro Ka6in6Ty 
i .lopyHeniui 00061, mo KopncTyi'TBCH joaippaa ontpoxxx koji yspalncEKoro rpoaa- 
jSBCTBa i Hapo^Hix opiaaiB, CKttaffBHxa hoboi-o KaOineTy. 

6. H e r a ii » o r o ci.imiiii TiiaiacoBOi ,3, o p a: a b n o i" 
'jsiCHOjiiio! Paxil a BpejciiBimiB » a p o j h i i Ta 
x i S c b k n x c a x o b p a ji; y b a ii i., iioiioBueHO'i iipewiajBHantBOK EceyKpain- 
■ li.'hx ueHTpa.ii.iinx opfaaiaanifi, noaiTHYHW aapriii, npnijieciiiniix poOinni'iiix coiosiB, 
KOonepaiBBlB, npoaacjoBitiB ia cni.iKit seac.iijiinx B.iacnaKiB — - b bjxeeocih He 
Oijim lio-ioBHiiii ri;.ia.iy SasoHOAtBHo] Paxil. 

BixiioBija.iBBOCTU Ka<jineia xiHicTpiB mpej. 3aKOBOj;aiiioio Pasoio. 

7 . H « r a ii h o r o npiuiaieBBH b u 6 o p i b i rcpiiiy 
c Kinuim (He n i :i h i m. e cinm 1 918.) ysp^lEciKii 
)' c t a n ii ii v i ii i 3 6 o p i B, na (pyiri iCin jbecto 3 a k o h y, *) 
a K i aaioTli i n i n o ] ii i i ochobhi iiioil y k p l i H n. 

TiaiKn iipn hex vMonax i ho;k3bbs 3a.11.ma npan.it opiaaiB HapoRHLoro caxo- 
BpsaysaBHH, BijnoBuajiiBa npana no CKiiiH.'ieiiiiw 7xpalBClK0l ftepxaBB b eKoiioaimiio- 
rocnoRapciKiii Ta Kya£TypBO-iipocB)TBix Honpaanax, bcsubot BciaHOBjeBHn aaay, 
cuoKoio i iin|'ii,u;y. niixoBaHHa aarjinaaHeHiix rrocyBidB 3 Ht'BTjia.iiHnxn JI,epa;aBaMn 
. ; m i ti n i' 11 11 n shi:H;i|io;iHiioro tianoBiiDia. yKparsn. Jl,a:iiiDe at HpoiOBMieHBa bhbi,oh> 
nieuipaiitHOKi asajoio coiirBBH aBiHaeilOBpani^Hol, aiiTiMiauicnia.UHo'i ra anTit;ie]i- 
■i;annoi sarpoatye tbjkkiimh Hac.iiiKaait 33a chokoio ra cyjt6n Piaaoro Kpan i b 11- 
r a » t a « BcaKy aoiEimicti cniBpo6iTHHn,TBa Hapoa- 
11 i x (liioBpujrijBi 3 jbedi) Baa^oio, i 1 1 y Bceyi- 
paUciKii 3eaciKttiS 3'S3j, hk ipejciaiBiiiTBo y«pa- 
ihcbkoI 3eajii, b iieaa cboIi o6oBH3KiB uepeft 
H . a P°J °' x c 1: -i a ,i a i: 3 c e G e i h a p 3; 11 i x c a a o b p a a y b a 11 1. 
a 1 3 11 b i a. a .1 1, a i t- t t 3 a b e i lOxmiBi h a c .1 i 3 k 11 p 3 p h b y 
Bnmol Etupaniol Bjia^n 3 Hapojo a." 

*) >xna.TeHtiro U,eBTpa.TmoK) Paftoio (npasri, piBBi, 3araaLHi, xaeani i npo- 

)iiipu,ioHa.ttui Bn'jnpiii. 



— 84 



niflnircain areitropaB^yM H-ierai ITpesHflil BceyKpaJHCbKoro 3eM- 
ctKoro Com-ij: C. HeTJiiopa (c-fl.), M. CaBMeHKO-EijibCbK n u. 
A. Hobhk i YnoBHOBaaEeHi B%gj: KoBTyneHKO (y. c.-p.), M. Jle- 

BHTCbKHH (c-p.), iBaHieHKO, E. II p 1 C H y X n H, 0. CawliKOE- 

CBKnii (<v4-)> B. IIpoKonoBni (chJ).), K. ManieBHM (c.-#.). 
Cn ,i,opeHKO, J[. Oji;pHHa (c.-p.). 

renepaa CKopona^ctKan y BunoBkb Ha n&wmem'B MenopaH r ny«i 
BHMorn aSLiLiniiB repop npoxs aemcTB.*) Ho^ajineB me GiJitiui, ma; ,i,>> 
TOro sacy, apeuiTn yKpamcbKiix rpoua^ctKHx i soKpesta aeac&Kiix jijjriiB. 
b mem hkhx dyjio 3aaperaTOBaao i C. lIeT.uopy. npM^iiBJHKrancF, jo 
Baricry, so ochobhoto TOHy jreMopannyaia, 6mmo, mo b cyrn pinn 3'fe^ 
3cmctb BiiMai'aB Toro, Ha ik nacToroBaB "iacoBufi <5jo.ok coiaHJiicmwix 
yKpa'incLKiK napril (YTICP, YC^PII) e jpn nepeBOpOTY iiquu 
mMentKHM iuTa6oM, a cane: hobhoi xexospanraauii peaoiiy, oCMeateHHs 
I't'iii'j). CKopona^cbKoro b npaBas neBHoio xeMOKparaiiHOK) HOBCXEiyipaM 
i CKJinKaHHs, na ochobI iraTn'Meiraoi jeMOKpaTHinoi (JtopMyjtn. ycTaaoBMiix 
3dopis, hk! ia.ni BCTaHOBUTn ochobhi aaKOHH PeenytuniKii i ckhhyth CKopo- 
naflCbKOro a reTbnraHCTEa. B njionynri .nocaTHemiH jjhx aarajiHio-^eMO- 
KpaTirarax Bimor MHcaniEoct i poaBHaaimji msQ.omnasBX iiorpeo* yt-pai'HCbKoi 
HemoKparii'. 3BH^anH0, feHepaji CKopona^cLKiiil i iiomimHKn th Kiiiimuk'Tu. 
Ha hkhx Bin cniipaBca, se jioiwh noroflBTHca na Tajce caMoryocTBO ; bohii 
(iyjni n peaabHJ.' t hojuthkh i 3 MeMopaaviyMa aeMCTB bhthtcih TLitKn o,py 
naysy %%& ceo*e : apeinraint, BXiKMnflm, xepopOJi b(jiitii i BHKOpiHHTH 
b eara aapojpry Beany jroawiHBicrB opi'amaoBaHoro onopy yKpaiHCbKOl 3,eno- 
Kparil' naByBaHHH) Oypatyasil. O^Haie soBimrfi i iac yKpai'HetKa ^enoKpaik 
hc TpaTHJia mjs^L na jt,ocsrassss cboix n,ken b cnkbrnH GopoxtCi Bciei 
HemoKparii YKpaiHH, <5ea Han;ioHajibBjrx piammb, hk ne aanoEk&ioct Ha 
BceyKpaiHCbKoay PouiTaa>io)iy 3'i'3,a,i, poairaaHomy rtnep. CKoponaacbKUM xa 
HimrcaMir. I TL'ibKH ocol5jiHBi, cneniaibai peirpecii reibimHCbKoro peraray 
npcrn yKpaiHCbKOl sesoKpaiii ia hchxob yKpaiHOsepcTsa, HKira oxohhb seix 
Pocian Ha yKpaim i SEnrHyB i'x Ha am-iiBEy CopOTbSy 3 yciw, mo Hocii.m 
oanaicy yKpamcTBa, BnKJiincaB b mupoKHx KOJiax yKpatecbKoI jieiOKpajrii 
syMKy npo HeodsknicTb rypTpanHa cbojx chji ho Han.ioHaibHO-aeaiOKpaTa'riiii'i 
oaHanj, ^jth oGopoHir b iiepoiy ^epry Haii;ioHajibHo-no.iiTn i ffliix peBOJnon,ifi- 
nrix 3ji,o6yTKiB yKpaiHCbKoro TpysoBoro ce.iimcTBa Ta pp6iTHBH,TBa. 

B mipy Toro, hk BHHKajio „BCHKe BsaeMHe poayminHfl" stiac pooiieucoiD 
ii yKpateCbKOio ^eioKpaTieio, b uipy Toro, hk mocKOBCbrca ^eaoKpaTLi (aa 
BHKiH) i ieHHHM: pociiicbKHX 6o,ibuieBnKiB) Bee Cijibuie aaxonjiiOBaJiacb fiopoib- 
6o» 3 YKpaxHCbKoio r nepsaBHicTio, hk keero BH3B0JieHHH yKpamebKoro Hapoay 
Bk Hiinjoaa-iLHoro miTy, 3 yKpaiHCBKOK) KyjibTyporo i ouopoHHnn,eK) uiei 
kei i KyjibiypH — yKparaebKOio aeMOKpaTieio, b mipy toto, hk pocincbKa 
fleHOKpaiia bck cbow enepriro aocepea^pajia b „PyecKOM , B Cofoat" 
i HanpaBHJia II na uoBajieHHfl yKpaiHCbKOl sepsaBHOCTH i Bi^SyflOBy eAnnoi 
Pocii', xo^ 6n m;e fi 6kbui pea.Kn;iHH0i, mx hkok 6yxa, reraiaHmHHa, 
b mpy BCboro u;boro b npaBHX Koaax yKpaiuctKOi' ^eiOKparil nonaaa bheh- 

*) Seaerania, no nepejjajia CKoponasotKOHy HeMopaH3yia, icaia 3 CKopo 
naacLKHM aosry i flypx.iBBy po3MOBy. CKOponasctKiiii posrmsaHO BitnpaBjiyBa 
npaBHTeatcTBo i BuaBjiau Be.iiiKe nesaftosoaeHHa 3 Elinor 3ean;iB. 






— 85 — 



Kara miBiTi, sysK* npo npranpeHHa s reTMraHimmoro npn yuoni je-HKOi 
^ejtOKpaTnaanii JinaorySiBCtKoro peaamy i Biipa3Horo HanionajiLHoro Kypcy 
uoiiTiiKH G'Kopona^csKoro. 

naneHy eBojfouiKi b Hacipoax yKpalHctKoi' aenoaparii serao npo- 
cTexiiTii do Toro'iaciriil yspaiHetidfi npeci. Mn HaBeaeso TyT fle-ntd npii- 
k.kl'UI mo-ui ni.oi'0. TaK „Po6iTHima Fa sot a", opfaii UJenrpaJiHoro 
I.'oiuTOTy JiXVU'n, rnicaja b .innm siicim! (b CTari „IIepea npoBajcMM", 
i. 315, 11. .imiHfl i h. 317, 14. .'imnm 1918.) npo Bi^HOuieiiiiM r i<< 
vt.-palHCbKoro pyxy pocincMCHx rpoiaacbKiix spyriB aa YKpaM: 

fl KapTHHa, ana aanoGTica nepex Haan xyr, Bias He mo;ee oyiu HaaBaaa 
UTiiuuon. Cnoctepiraeao neptu sa bcb SBopyayme oGe^nauuH y Bi3B0uiCBBx> ao 
yKpalBCBKOl cupaBH bcix pociueiKEx Telia Jia yi;palni . . . Bpaacat Begun aa Bee 
r.-iueunia Bcii poeiictKHl teviS nimoi iBoimiiain c e 6 e_ b i x jipalH- 
tbKoro atHTTa, hk b nan,ioHa.ii.noa(y, TaK i b KpaeBOity aMflciL 3k Cyan bobh 
Beet lac qyacoaeMqsxa na naniin »exm, iaK i Teaep, npn hobhx 3MincuBx odCTaBimax, 
BBaxawTt 'aa Kpame .ihuibthcl na Toay a: cTanoBnmi. Bci iBtepeeH i nacrpol cboi 
3BaayK)T£ bobh 3 IleTepdyproa i Mockbow . . .*) Ilpn cEo'ii} xoGpoBUMuii i30Jan,it 
. cpaiHCtKoro white asaaye b c i pociitcBEi t e *i i 1 jiiki b e n a b e c t g 
so j-KpalHciBa. Cnijti.ua Boaa hhbi y bcii : c.-p. ,HapoxHoe ^iuo' BOBKypy- 
3 ,ro.iocoBT) KieBa', K<>pHCTyjo«nci> Bcina 3aco6aaE i npnftoxaxn jiTepaiopiB 8 kiiib- 
.liiHiiBCBBoS niftBOpotai . . . 

'Ilia a; Baaa e y Tony Henumyioxy BMte b ^annil soaeuT 3arocTpeHBK> poeilietKO- 
TKpa'iactKBX aiflaooHB aa S^paim? l Iif cnpao^i Bunai an, yspalsrni, s cao'ia 
F[au,k'inajii3MOM i niOBUiiaaox, hk 3xaraK>Ttca janeBBarn nac b roay pociih'BKi jcpym? 
x Iu BasuaBU — yapalscAKi ;iiu»ii npajii, ko.iu bobh Kopiat bcloh) jraxa Ga'iarB 
b upupoRKcnoay ^emp&aism Fociaa, HeaoacmiBOciB ftaa bus ciain Ba roTOy norciajty 
lipsiraiiennx nanioHajiBBOci'eB ?" 

lii.uioniBiim na mx'Tajuem; aannTaiiHfl, mo BHHiri He OKpesii no.ii- 
in'iiii ;uii'ii >jii nap'ril, a odcKTiiBHi yioBii Han.ioHa.'iLHBX Bi^Hoenn na 
5 'icpai'iii. i mo BBaraxi tie inynaimflji a.-ntniinruB Jioaaia poanjiyTaiH cnpasy 
pociueLKO-yKpainCbKiii BWOCHH aa yiquu'ni, B Po6irmi'ia I'aaeTa", cninma- 
[uhcl na thx ofleKTiiBHnx yioBax, BEasye ;i,aai na neyKpalHci>Kuit xapaKiep 
MicT Ha YKpaiHi, a TaKoas na OeapoGiTTM pociictKoI iHmiii'emyi na yKpaiiHi 
b 8BHBKy ;: fteioouDBaitfeH) piiKHiix ycranoB, m,o 06c3yroByBa.u1 $poHT, 
a lasos nan-iuBOM iBreaii'eHD;iI a Mockobechhh. 



fl.lH BCIX B,HX 

-Pofi, FaaeTa": 



,,J'Kpa']]ii3an,is atiiiTa, yTBopeaBa yKpalHetKO 1 ) aepajaBBOCTU 
myKaiiB x.iiSa i rpowefl (pociHcMco'i iBTCjiieiinii) — nnnie flaai 
YTBopioc annte nepenoaa b nUmyKanaw iioea^. I cepc-A B"3t KalpiB VKpalaoatepciBO 
poaBBBMTBca i BiBpnTBca caHnx uiBsuKiiM Tcanox . . . 3picx yKpainctKoro pyxy 
3arpo;Eya ciaay nociffaHHa Bcii pociucbraix iBTeaifenTCtBiix fpyn aa yKpaiui : axeBt- 
niyeibcfl nomii ua Ts podoTy koiutom 3pociy nonHiy na poOoiy yKpalnctBy." 

nepo r i,oa<iaR)'ni b jiafirtyTi.ni.OMy iNi.^mii'iaiirii' BaroCTpeHHa naii;iOHa.ir,- 
nax BijHociiH Ha YKpaiHi i MoaL'inBicrB ^hkid: eKi;n;eciB na n,k fpynii, 
faacTa mrca,ia: 

„Xto ix fui eKen,ecu) noiBe, xto aBUTtca nacTynarouoio croponoH) ? l I b n a 

J ll ntiipiyKpa'inni, 3 sKOl-nefiy^L BScoio-nitpioiHiiiol 

v i: p ai h c b k o 5 o p ( a h i s a a i i ? l In, tOBOKEB: 6yje poanoiaio nacTynann:i 

b ipopai, cKaateao, Cnna bihook b yKpaiHCtKoxy kbioGI ,BUC0E0-peB0JH>n,iiiEuim' 

pocmuBiiiiMu c-p-aan? . . . 



) SBBiaiino, ne 3 nepBOHnan ITeTepfij'proa i Mockbok. A b i p. 



- 86 



'a 3 <t h 8 o r o Sony ne pooiioiito Cjio n i e k c h e c n , soil 

.1 uuiSTBCa OJI1KOOO I II a i; 11 M II, OJI1JOSO fl{jpR»IHin. K 3, li II .1 

]i a a i a n a a a a k in c n n n ii y c y h e h ii h jio nemo! lipn n a i a a u, i o- 
jaiitiiiii auiafoiiisKiD i^e — Ai'^iiiicii i BisnoBiflHa t a k- 
t a k a c.-a.. aa 7 k p a 1 n i." 

Ota;s ne commit HaniioHMtHHS VKpamciiKnii (JipoHT, ne TBOpeHHfl 
..iuiL'oi;o-iiaT[iiiiTii'ii[iix yi.'pai'ircbKiix opi'airiaaniil". a ..^ia.ibHiCTb i Bi;i,iioni;uia 
TaKTirKa conjaxh-ReMwptml m yspaM", coajaviiiTii'iiia iiiTepnaniomuwia 
(b Kpainisi poBjTriHHK) u,boro oiOBa) po(5oTa cepej puuiraiiuTBa y~xpaiHB — 
oct. pen,enT yKpamctKoi neaoEparil ;i,.ia gxaEueraa i yeynerafr nanuma.ii.- 
hhx aHTiu'oiiianiB ua Yi;pa.i'ui. , 

Ta iepea iro^oBi'iifi too b doseqi! yKpalHCBKOi conjaab-aeMOKpaTit 
uoiiiaeao sae sochtl BHaimi smihh; jipaenna napril TftrJia m:v m I'i.n.i.ii 
3,0 eflnnoro yKpamcbKoro uaniouajuioro ;;fiHOKpaTiraaoro tppOHTy, a. if iiaian. 
i jaai, b 61k roaoro „yKpaTircr.Koro j^KKaBHmqsa", HapojpteHHa jtojob- 
CTBftj npniiiipeiiHa s reTMawniiHoio d^hoio 8(5epeaeHHfl iiaiijoiia.ii.iio-iio.iiTit'1- 
nnx 3^o6yTKiB yKpawtfi.noi' ltanji. Ii cram ,,Po3pyxn aa yiipa'mr, .Pn- 
6iTiiHva TaaeTa" (% 346, 17. equina 1918.), cnmwiouiici, m 
aua.iusi „po8TOHOBH3 cyeuuibiiiix era" ua ynpaliii i Ha nirrainno npo no*- 
.ibbi cjiouinii .iii;iu,i,an,ii' ailpmiiuix iiOBCTam. i Bsara.Ti sasolttriB M p08- 
pyxin ua >"Kpaim i saiipoBaflseHHH b Kpaio chokoio, nnca.ni, : 

n lIpHrt.Tii3iia K-incutpiKauls poisroHoiai eaa uiiniiouix po3pysis, na aamy sysny, 
ataaa G 6yrn Tat;a : 

1. e.icaienTii, ue3a;i,0D03eni nepeaycia xapaKiepoa con,ia.itHoi jioaiTHKH Bamoro 
ypafly, a ocoCjibbo iioro nien,OBiu afemifl ia aa,enTia ; 

2. .iKvte, Korpi Kfi Toro at BBaatawTt, m,o B aaujoaaibaa uoamiua ypiuy i'ue 
oeynepe^ imcpeoaa yKpamciKoro Banionajibnoro B\^\ioxxeuaa ia yEpaSHCHSoJ s,ep- 

iKaBiio'i eamocTiiinocTH ; 

3. wo KepyioTtea bukjhjubo 3a3Ha>ieHUsiii nan,iofla;iiHuait xowiBaaa — fpyaa 
nailJH JiJii >iii<-.ii?][i!u. ; 

4. rpatfcsniiKn, BuSim I i;o.iii juiinnm Ta pcuo.iion,iGio ; 

6. fioanneBHKn b 3ancai OT-Toro nepaaneHTaoro fsaiTOBHoro ,ypaBucnia': 

6. '>n.Tj,mcBi!Kn, in; npHXMlHHKH naffywioro b Mockobib,iihl ,.ia4,v' t;i iqni- 
lUiiainia .Vi;painn ^,0 n,iei OiiJiBiueBlK'TCLKOi MoCKOBIOBBHj 

7. piii:nori) posy ,o<k;uiHUTe.ii' (3 Pociew) : TyT i CoatmeBBKn, i aiBi ec-epu, 
npani ec-c|in, a naBiri uopaocoTejjui. 

3BU»iaiiB0, Tasa K;iacii(piKan.ia, bk i saBac,T,u, e aante i.T,ea.iBBoio ; b jdScaocTB 
npoaecrti piaKy rpsnnino iriac pixBHKH po3roHOBnau cn.iaaii poapyiis He ran aento ; 
iacTo iraBiTt KoaOiaaniH Ii sta6ipa< naftaaBOEUiKBimoro, kobb He Eafi^EEuqoro bh- 
i.nuy. llpoie Bee sk TaKit Tai;a KiacB(piKan;ia Q koh^o imTpiOnoRi, k<mu soieati, 
ihoOh bcto^h 6opOTB6a a pospjxam Gy-ra aiuciraaa, a no i[piiuo;ui.iii ^0 hk pa3 
BpoTaaestam HacaiaKiB, 

t si; e,, 1: .1 .1 11 9 o c t a, 11 11 i a a poia (p y 11 :i 31 a — 6 i 7 — ■'■ ft- 
ponda lycH.tinpojjjHuci 6es bchkoS noraa^a, 101x1 4 t< 
ftfiopoiifiaaaeOyTBiBep^oio i piaiyioia, to 3 iptoaa nep- 
wiiMJi Oesnepe'ino iDxna a i fi t n jo nopo3yaiHBa, a n a Bin, 
noiepHyiii Ii upoTH neii c r an a i x. 

...Haiue nptBiinjicmi caao n 3 6 4 b ,i 1 c ceC>c 101 B 6 p 1, 
KOipoH) boho aor.'iofi 3aii|) una jinn e K i 1 BaayicHift Kpa'Iai, 
3 6 i jr b ui 11 t a cioi c 11 n n ao6opotn3H8BOpora*ir TKpaiiieniiii 
r e p is a b a. Ma b x e k a 3 a .i a, hi. mi s peayaitatifi loxna tt y a d 
c a r a y t a, ;i a .1 n m a 10 1 a c l h a b i t b upu t i ii n p o 1 p a a i. nVKlUB- 
11 11 k a 1; t ]i 11 1 a ii ;; 11 a e c e 6 e b 11 a i m h c n p a b h t e a t, c t b o. u 






8? 



Tjt MEe 6a<ntao noanrpio, afca mw iiim piSBHxacb i;i.i. ihkuiiui 
^PvcL-KiiVo CoH»a" i pyccKoI sffifOEparil mi yi:pai'm : b napi a iian,imLa;ii.Ho- 
nojrixKHHEEK, jr,epsaBHHir,bKinra .LOJiaramiMii yBpateo&EQl nesoKpaTii firiua 
co]i,i:i.ii.ii('-L').'oiiriMii'iua pearapfl. Dje B^e oyja n.iaTil»opsa ho BcevKpai'ii- 

ctKoro iJcucuroro CoKraa, a e.T,imoro yirpai'iicT.Koro HaujoaajibHoro $; n. 

iiJiaKJiopMa, ,t,o flKOl jioi.iii ii|niiM,naTJicb He Ti.u,i;ii yupalHCbKi x.iiilopooii- 
,iejiOKpaTH, axe Basra npaaiflrj, 6ixhm peaKUJihri 1'pymi. He 6yaa cnpoGa 
iii'pi'Kiiiiyra MfiTOHOK USE *m.ti uinr iiaii,iiHia.iM(ii?i vkj iijiiii-i,i. n>i ilipoHToji 
i ruTb-naummroio, cupo6a cniBpofiiTHHUTBa a dypsyaaieH), cnpooa cnubiioi" 
a feacpajrOM CKopona^cbKHM ra norinpKOJi JtoaoryoVMi .,CopOTb<iii a Bopo- 
rauii yspalHCbKOl KepxasHOCTH". SalSHa, in^.i,ii1ciiini;i i BxaappeBOMmjim 
cnpooa, iii.ii aa.iiiniiuari. iia iianepi. a BC6 X xapainvpiia ASH toi eBOJiKra.il. 
aicy nepeaciiBa.iu yi:palirrbi:n neMOKpara b Bearndfi unpi iti:i, biujibom i TOpea 

liail.ifilia.il il lUOBIfliiM T;t r l,lll;t' yKpajHOsepcTBO pocificbKoI sexes 

aa >'i;paiHi. 

■ li cnpoO „citiBpo6iTni[n,TBa" a rwrbMaHOH, BBjrcafiHO, ainoro ire 
BHSmao i lie moivio hii ri rn : pottaiHca bohb ui.ri.iii nepeoBaatbHo, KafSiaeT- 

UllMII JHOflMH, IHTexil'eHTaBB i aiill'raiillO mi.ullf H6 >ia.H! cniBHVTTH B 11111- 

poKffit po6iTinne-ce.MiicbKiix sacas yi.-paifmi. mo aopoiao, CTpaiiKajm fi uh- 
iiin.Mii enocoCBHH ne.ni uemaAiry u*opoTb(jy a .ijiiriarypoio oypayaaii Ta no- 
miinaKJB; in' iincyr.M.iii bohh i peai;n,iiiniri yqta&oaajpaia rezuKmmjtHi, xi>m 
noun byaa i aa Bi.i, roro, mo(S cKopHCTyBaTHCb ciuniMii yspalscKROl jr,6H0 
Bparal jpa oopoTbon a 6oi&nieBHEaxH i iipnxinuiiiKaMii „OT-Toro uepsia- 
iii'itTHoro rHajiTOBHoro ypiBiiiiiiiiM". Ta Bee a; inea j'TBopeHHH cTjiHorn 
ii;iii,iiiiia.ih]ioro ippoHTy (^eMOKpfiTipntoro, 60 imairuiom ri w Mnania 
vi'HiiiniTi!, Ki'.in aaaocb aa yBaai cnepTiicjj na yKpai'iiei.Ke [lofiiTHimTBO m 
i.-t.MiiiTCTBO — ciiiiiiix iiu;i,ii1u!ix o6opoiiu;iB ynpaTaCbKoro Han;ioHa.ibHoro 
BiKBo.iriniii. > trpafHCbKoJ 1,'y.iLTypn i aepaaBHOCTH) Bsaxojpxa co6i Bee 
ni.ii.iiit' iipiixii.ii.nincir, n unipOKiis KOJiax yKpalHCbKOl ^esoKpaTiI. 

B pe-nMhTari asaram. upaisitui yapafHCbKoS .iioioiquiTif no im(-,\\vm\\va 
ny.in iiepeTBopemm yitpaljichKoro Ha^oHajibHO-^epxaBHoro Coioay is ...Vi:|iai'n- 
cbKnfi HauiriiBi.iiaiiiii Coioa". Jl.0 HaniouajbHO-^epxaBnoro Coiosy npiu;,i,- 
HajHCb iniiiii yi;pai'uri,[;i ['jiyim. b Tony mavii i X'.'U'II Ta m.-pesri ocoOn 
a VI [( "!' meBTpa.ibHoi Teiii). Ey.io Biipo6xeao cuijuHy iuiflTtJiopiy (aa- 
i|iir;coBaHy b CraTyri Coroay), BHKHByro a Coioay reTbuiaHij.iB ,xji(3opofjiB- 
AeMOKpaTiB", Ta aaiHCHo paaoa a rrjsB i cany sassy Coany (a HaujOHaabHO- 
^epsasHoro Ha Han.ioHajn.HHfi). 

B „CTaTyri yapaiHCbKoro HanjoHBJibHoro CoHJay" (otoioraeHOirj aa 

ini'iaTKy oepHM 1918.) HmaeKo: 

㤠1. Jloia Coi08a: a) yisopeinfl ain,HoI caxocfiSKoT 

>* 1; )i a 'i 11 c no I .HepaiaEH; CJ CopoTtfia 3 a aatoiiiiy Baajv u;i 

■ a ']' h i. b i a n b i 3, a a h a y nepei n a p .i a a e h i a ; b) Jopoin', 

■ k p a t a 1 n n ft b h 6 p 1 a u 3 a k h y Bci \CTaiiOBU (no liaTHijeHnift (Jiop- 
mi); r) odopoia npan y Kpa'i 11 c i,ko ro Kapony i ynp a J a c h 1; 5 
,i e |i ik a b 11 u a i x 11 a p a a i 8 r c[i e p L 

S -- ,1 ;i :H,iii1ciK-iiiia niel MeTB C0103 opfam'aye yapaiaeLKy in.i.iiTii<iflo-rpoKaA- 
CbKy nn.iif. i, penpesestyn^B Ti, n-.[;aBae bcii BUnoBiaHiix 3axo,ii*B .i.in II urinn.iennn 
i peajri3anjT, an b nexcai .VKpalHii, tan i uo-sa aea^MH II. 



— 8S — 



§ 3. yKpa'iiicLKiiii Jlan,ioiiaaiimii Com cKaaaaeTtca a npea.<"TaBBaKiB ycix noai- 
tuiehx yKpaSneiKiix nap-riB i yspaJEHCBKOl ceaaHCLKoi cni-iKii na napiieTBiix OCSOSai 
(no 3) i" a vKpalHCiKin rpoaaa,c.BKiix, HayuoBiix i iipoijicriiiniix opfaHi3an,iit taEoa; Ha 
napiTCTHHX oenonax (no 1). 

§ 4. 4>iail CoKi3a aaKaaa,aioTBCfl no iydcpHiaaBnnx i noBirOBiix Miciax la iih- 
bihx nyaE-rax Ha Tanux ase ocHosax, hk i n,eHTpaaBBa opjaaiaania. tf'iaii HiiJiHTaroTS 
nem-posi, asim moaie aara npii hhx cboIx ynoBHoBawcenux. 

§ 5. jl,an EDKOnaitHn nociaHOB Co»3y (Pain Coroay) i jwa penpc3enian,il 
CoKi3a Pa^a BHdipae npe3B,iiio. B CEaaa, npe3Bj,i'i bxcmte npescTaBBUKn bcix napwil 
no o^HOMy i ,i,Ba npe,%CTaBHHEii B ii, ycix hbhihx opfadsaniH, aui bxoahtl b csjias Coroay. 

§ 6. KoiiiTU Coioaa CE.iaji,aioTbcs a BnecEiB napriii i opfaHtaauifi, asi Bioiait 
b Coma ; l"x $opaa i poaaipu BCTanoBamorbCB Cok>30K (Paaoio). 

§ 7. B CBOlii ,iih.ibbocth iipe3Hjyn, (Jiiail, Koaicil fl UHiui opfaHH Co»3a «epy- 
rortca BijnoBLajniBH iBCTpyEnjaau Pajm- 

§ 8. 3aBoHosaBiun opfauoa CoK>3y e aarajitm aGopn fioro^ asi BBaaiaiGTBCfl 
iipaBomo^BBHii, kojih Ba hhx upe^cTaBaeuo ne aenin % napTift i opraniaaniu, 3a- 
jiucaHHi a,o Coio3a, i CEaaBaroxbcs b aipy noTpeGH. 

§ 9. IIocTaHOBH Coroay (Paan) o6obh3kob1 a,as >iaeHiB ycix BCTynuBnmx a.o 
Co»3y napTitt i opfaniganjii. 

II p ii n i t sa : napiiH nit opfaniaauia, He ariiHa a noeiaHOBOiO 3<5opiB, aoace 
aasBUTH, nio a,e iiHTaiiiin jtw He'i npuHnjniaabHe, i sa BHHOceHy no Hboay nociaHOBy 
ia II BBKOHaHHa naptia to opfaaiaanja Ha cede BianoBiaaabHoerH He Oepe. 

§ 10. IIocianoBU Corosy npHilaaMTLca npoeTOio GiaBiniciio ro.iocin." 

'Sncwmmm Hau,iouajtHoro Coiosy BBaacaaocH b „nompKOBaHiLV' yi;pnfn- 
c-bKHS Kpyrax ^ah-rour BexBgof no.iiT!iiHOi Barn. A. H i k o b c t k n ii (nepmirii 
rojOBa Coroay, yicp. coii;.-(Jiej;.) micaB (b „HoBiii Pa^i") upo 3iia<BHHfl Coiosy : 

n yKpalHCiKiiS HanioHa.ii>uiiH Coios rpeda nBajKam aa oManiS lac annmeu 
Haiidiabiaoro noiyrra HJiqioBaitEol caaooxopoHH. B yKpamciumi Ha- 
nioHaatuufl Cohj3 Bxosaib yBpa'inoBEi couiaaicra-peBoawnjoHepu, *J con;iH.ii-fleMO- 
KpaiH, con.i:i.iic™-i|ie;i,epa.iicTH, Tpy^oBHKit, coniaaiCTH-canocritHHEii ; iiotim is Hanio- 
Ha-TBHisi Coio3i iipe,nCTaa.ie!ii TaKi optaHi3an,LI : ce-iaacLKa euijKa, BcoyKpalnctKa 
BBiTeaBCBKa cnLisa, topa^u'ine TOBapHereo, co»3 3a.ii3BBiniiKiB, uo^TOBo-To.iu(pai))]inii 
cows, .iiKapcBKa cniaKa, rajian;iiKo-6yKoninicBKa pa^a, xo-thcbkhb bomItot, KBpnao- 
aeTOflieBCBKe 6pan,fBo i aajoTB yfliilTu: QeaipsxUEt EoouepaTHBiinS KOMireT, 6»po 
npo$ecioHa.'iBHHX coKiaia, .ee.iHHCBKa rpoMaxa', n,CETpa.TBna .UpocaiTa*, BceyBpa- 

1HCBKUH 3eMCBKUH CODS, CIU.lKa .llBapeBBHX IlOMllflJIEiB, nOJlirB'XHHB /lepBOHUU 

XpeeT' Ta iiHHii opfaBi3an,iY. Ha npoBinuil b*c uacKOByroTBea (jtkil Han,ioiia.iBHorn 

. Ilaai^opMa Han;ioMa.iBnoro Ccio3a aoxe Ojth 6e3 a:ajt,Horo njiuaiycy npuii- 
Kaia BciMa CBijojuiBH l'poaa.iauaMH yitpa'inn. A nopoayMLBna acix yKpa'iflOBKUx nap- 
riS — Bin JiiBHX 2,0 noMipKoBaHBX — i op(aBi3anifi — Bia, npo.i«apcBKi!X ,;» e;oh- 
$ecciiiHHx, — OKpiM Toro, no oGemaBBO BKaaye na Hefieane'iue craaoBitme na- 
D;ioHajtBHoI cnpasii a^a yspa'SflCBKoro napoiy, m.eit suaaica sy*8 noai- 
r ii ii si ir x snaKoi yKpalncBttot coiijupiocni i sbhboI eaepril tiix cm, 
asi BBaaiaaucn npHcnaHHBU hh ocaaGaeuuau. 

B i ;; u ii ii i y k p a i u o b k ir H ii a n i B a a h u ii ii $poi[T I o x H a ma- 
acain epeiii, iiLihh, i leiiep, b nao xbii.ho, BOJH cKiainaaca opfauisaiiiilna 
cTSflia b n,eiiTpi, Hawas rae npoB&lBT! peaaLny pofioiy : 3 o?,Horo floKy — Tjieda 
opfaHi3jBaTii npoBiBniro ji,aa flcp;icaEno'i podoTH, a 3 ftpyroro — noBecTH Ty iin.il- 
TU'uiy aiuiio, KOTpa Hadaii3HTB nac no sa,iBcaeBHa naailiopMu Coioaa. PoaoBiri hhh- 
HHKU noaiTUHiioi piBHOBarH aa yKpa'ini : 11. reiBaan i Hiamj lioBHHiri 3p08yiUM 
sepsaBay paniio ociiobbiix Aoaaranb Han.ioHaatuoro Coioaa i 3HaiiTH acecB noposy- 
Miiiuii, KOTpe npimepuyao On napojni aacn a,o cniioaoi yiaera b ^e|i»;aBHiii! vi;pa- 
incBKLH u_vALHBiin,TBi. Caiia no codi BaflT^opaa Haniouaamoro Cowsa aBaaeibea" iicb- 
njia Boaajjoaicos yiqiaiuctBoro opiauboBanoro rpoaaxaaciBa, aajri aKoro boeo 11c 
aosKe bitu, ioay Hc-3a:iea;nu nauiTB bis bchkux aoaiTiiiHns nopoayainB i peajfcEOl 

*) UeBipaaina iciin. A b t p. 



— 89 — 



noatTHKB, HanioHaaiBuJt Coma naiiiie c b o e b n y t p i ni h s sezoiie 
[Hioiaim'minn" Dpi bchkbi nojiimimi fiypai i noa- 
liiaiii noBopoiax Koaecaiciopil." 

IIonaTKii opt'aniaaijii Coaraa, no'iaTKn fioro pofkmi, jracrpol otiejpaBnx 
b Coioai yr,'p:iTrti'i,i;iix rpoMajCMKX box jkubo Hara r \vBa.'m nepraafi nepioj 
\ iqiiii'iiL'i.KoI peBOJOOUJI, nepiui oprWaanjiHi upoaBH li'. aps^aocb, icTOpia 

UnliTOpIOGTbCH, 3 TOK) TLTtKn OJlJOHOlO, ffl.0 T0,j,i flOBO^nJIOCb Main r T,0 r T,i.l;l 

a BpeMeHHim TTpani[Te.ibCTBOM i MOCKOBCbKOio fteioicpaTicio, a Tenep — 
3 npaBHTejiiCTBOM CkoponasctK»ro-JItr8ory6a i tojo je caMoio pocificbKoio 
lyMoi.-paTicH), mo 30BCis iMoro He Hamia.iacb 3a peBoajon;iH>. Hk i io;p, 
Tat; i Teuep B, B it n n u q e a k o (jipyrnfi ro.iOBa Coroa — 3 18. BepecHa) 
BHCTynHB in,np™ npoBUHnKOM i BjoxnoBirreaeji e^imoro yKpaiHCbKoro 
aanioHajibnoro tppoHTy (bh^ho, Tea; He sobcih ;i;o(ipe 3po3y*iBiun Hayicy nv- 
jaBHboro Mnnyjioro). 

B CTari „Pano BTOM.noBaTHCb" („Po6. Fa 3." h. 369, 17. BepecHH) 
B. BnHHir^eHKo uucas npo 3Ha4iHHH e^raoro HauioHajbHOro yi;paiH- 
cbKoro (Jtpoffry: 

„B jroiaTKy aaiuoro Bi:3BO;ie!iHa ail jjiii.iii gpy&aira cp;iiflnM Banjo na.[E,Hn;i 
(JipOHTOM, nynKO, jsio,Ho B3hbbiuci> sa pyBH. Hac HpoSyB&ini ,6paia-TOBapHini' p03- 
ii.iiraui, pciviiTii. Bohh Hac bchkiimh cnocofiaan ramifa-iti, uiapna-iu aa pysu, poaia- 
raan, CBapn.nn, 5a TpeCa Cy.io npopsaTii uaui iJpoht. U,e ne B^ajoct lx, i lepes le 
TOaiaci Hauia cnpaaa — Han,ioHa.ibHO-ji,opa;aBne BU3B0aenHS itanroro Hapo,\y. 

Tenep aa iioai i i ,6paTBa-TOBapHmaa' uiyrnyau ,<SpaTU-peai;n,ioiiepH'. 36nB- 
iiijici, j spyiKHy a'paio, bohii HeoTCTyiiHo i^yTB sa. Basil, lanaiOTL 3a llOt'U, bihoil, 
nai.-KaKVHiTi, i wa^HO :K,iyTt < , .iymuoro yaey, kojih aoacHa fly^e uasHuyiiieB i 3arpn3iii, 
3aK.i)OBaTH, po3niMaTyEaTu Hac. Hi, hi, HefiesneiHo cisaiH, pnajyianici. HaBnaKii, 
me TicBiB(6 Tpeoa 3t',iHaTHei>, sflHT^icii b o^hh aeupepHBHiiH cfipOHT. Ko.th Bno^aiKy 
aauio! xpyxHoi nyTi Haw n,e Cyjio hViOxisho, to Teirep tub naie BycuMO fira paaoa. 

I bb, con;isjiB-,a,e]iOKpaTH, nycnao, none, obtiue, h'uk xto. Ji,ns uac nauioHaiH>He 
Bii3B0aeBHH' — Haiipca.'iiBima noipefia . . . Jifn, coniH.it-^,eaciKpawi, jiycnito TaitcaMo, 
»k i seci. lac Hauiol Ooporj.Cn sa bo.iki, BunB.iimi HaiiOiatuic eHepril fi 3aBaaiTa. 
JIk b U,eHTpaju»Hiii Paai mh bc ,naBa.iii iip)iiB0KaD,iiiHUH pysaM poaipiiaTU Haoi $poBT 
i thb 3Hecji.uiTii Bar, Tan i Tenep ayemo cKpin.iiiTii, 3ainnaT]!, e:ieETpH3yBaTH cbois 
jtysoB 3T0ajeai pa,nu naniHi Haniona-itHHs TOBapuiniB. TaKcaao, aKTO^i, TaK i xecep, 
ne noctyaawiHCfc Hi'iaa 3 cBotii irpofpaan, LH:,;HaBiiinct Ha ueBHiix yaoBai b ,H a- 
H i o h a .1 1 h u S Cobs', m uycuao a^ara npo ie, moO ui oj;He bicto, aideTBO, 
ceao, ]ii OJM uyTO'ioK saqioaieHoT, otoibhoi Boporaaa yKpalna He aiiBiHBcn ne 
3ej,HairuM Br;iOBceHan,ioHajii.Hy optaHiaaiiiio. Haiamj msy, h a 
narayflymyiirijio pofljiBTi oiaeptiii imai, Bobkii bjko HAcrLttKB 
jOuiiar.atjiu'i njo xaaaioTL 3a worn . . . 

Tpefia pHiyBaii Pa6iiHio-MaTip, OTO>ieHy poajoo^eaoio 3fpaeto »6paiiB«." 

B. BmiHHieuKO BncJi(iB.iniHaB b aaHini Braia^Ky nor.ia\a,ir i nacTpoi, 
ueayjtoBHo, ,\y;i:i' imipoKira KpyriB yKpamcbKoi" ^cjioiqiaTil. Ilo-sa ij,eoai>oileH) 
-e.T,HHoro HanioiiajLnoro <|>poiiT\ " CToa.nr tltlkii .lisi peBO-ifoniihii ynjalB- 
>'i.i:i coniaaicTinmi fpynn, pjo 8'HcyBaHHH hoshujI hkjix mh nepeisew) 
uianim,e.*) YKpatHCbKi con;,-peBOJK)nioHepH u;eHTpaibHOl Tenii (no b i'"ii 
T iac He Ham csoro opfany) Hafijinaa.iiicb cboIbh noraa^aan so yKp arHCbKlls 

*) Pimeuna U,eHTpajitHoro KoaiTery yKpalacLKol Con.-JteM. PoCiiHirao'i IlapTii 
npo BiOAiKBHua con;.-seH. b CK.iaa „HanioHa.jr.Bii['o CoK>3a" BsiitiiiKajio 3aaimaHUS 
i ,ic-ai;e neaa^OBO-ieHHa Ha nicnax, b naeaip,0K aoro „Pod. raseia" (t. 3iJft, 8. 
;kobtiih 1918.) BsricrHJia b n.iii cnpaBi cnenjaatHy ciaTio ni^ naanoio „HanioHaai.- 
Hiiil Cok>3 i yKpa'iBCBKa conjajit-jiieKOKpatifl", b aidS HoacHfonajocb, nio ssojCKeHBB 
napiii b co»3 He aycuTt larra BiflMOBjeHHH bir s.iacuoi op(aiii;iaii;ii i MHCOBOl TaKTiiKii". 



— 'JO 



roniii.Th-TemoKpaTiK, xoh i CTaBiunci, HO Coroay uijMU iqumi'iHii i a aieiii.- 
iiiiim aaxoiKcenHSM, nix ocTaHHi. M. IIIaiiOBa.i i se-jnri iimiii tieim 
iiapTii", dj;o Bxojyun b CK.iaj Corny, npOBa,iii.Tii to* poOoxy Cijitun 1 na 
aiarny Bi^noBiflattHicTB, nia; mcjia ^upeKTiiB nap™. lLvu'Jiiy no coir,.-peB. 
nnaimiio gaiKiuta i Oeaascftsa Cntoa, mo oyia nig bhjiiibom eon;.-peB. 
neHTpncTiB (i Biuana.ia cuiit opfan — ,,Hapo,~uin> Bomo"), Jlitmi l'pymi 
(ne TopKiuoHiics npo;icTapcM;iix uprViiiinanii'ii Biaa,T,a.in b i r i,eio ejjTjnoro 
Han;ioHa.ibHoro ([tpoHTy 30Bcia liOKipfcoBaHnii aiicT, kuthh na serf ;uirni 
h,jim duihxoh He CTkbKn r i,o uLiKOBiiToro BiiiimeHiis reTbiiaiicbKoro pexiiny 
i BCTaHOBJMiniiu uap.'ifiMeiiTap«aqr i gciioKpaTnaaiiil ncix opi'aniu B.ia,pi, 
ri.'i.rr.ini npHcroeOBaHra feTbiaHiHHHH go cboIx jpioHoSypxyaijiiiix igeaiiB 
i HaBiia-KH — cede ;i,o iivn,>iLi imjLiian. 

IIont'Tamini ;i,o khtth, HaniOHaJiiaiiiii Coioa iubiijko Haopa-B nosri-F- 
Horo nojtiTiiiiuoro ;uia i iiniin. ll(iiiy.ia[iaii-n, jioro b geiOKpaTiraiix yKpate- 
i[,i;iix Kojax oo^eaxa ihbiiako spoeraTH, Ha paxynoK, amHanno, ne fioro 
peBoinoniilHocTii (BOHa Gy.ia sociiTb noaipKOBaHoio), a noMinumBKo-KaiiiTa- 
.licTii'iiiiii') repopy Ta MocicoECbKoro moEiirisMy na yKpalBi. 

Dfpo KOHKperHi (|)fiKTii a r u!i.i],iii'i-Tii Hau,ioua.ii,iioro Coioay CKaateao 
niamme. Tenep ace aaaua'iiiMo Tisuta, mo Coioa AiiicHo ctsb ocepegKO* 
jei'aiLHoi, onopTynicTJi L raoi (lopon/m HacTiinn yKpanrcbKoi ;i,pi(5H0i' 6ypw 
i npaBOre i;pn.in Hesosparil 3 ren.MaHin.nHOK) b nairpjisiKy y f.p;s Yrri ^mii 
i fleseitpaTHBanjl ocraaHBOt, 

13. ri03HUiia i TEKTHKa JliBOl (peB0/HOU,iHHoi) HaCTMHH yKpa'lHCbKOl' 

AeMOKpaTii". ^Iu b;k6 BKaayBaaH b csifi 'iac Ha Te, mo reTbaiancbKnn nepe- 
BOpOT ii|iiiciii[iiiiB i CKpncxa.iisyBaB toiI hosui yKpalucbKoI ftesoKparil sa 
jrise, con,iflJiicTiiiBO-peBii.7ioi[,iinrc, i lipase — noMipKOBaHo-onopTymcTii'nii.' 
Kpnao, iiKTiit HajnTHBca i ;i,o3]iiis b opoqeci Yiqiarnci.Kni peB0MHi.il. li npoqeci 
hii[ioti,Cmi 8 reTbManmiiHOW uo.ii.i nei BOftSHOHBCa i CKpiUBBCH. B Toil Mar, 
hk lipase Kpmio ctohjio na oiiopTytricTiwHiii, yro r [,oiii-i,i;iii nosingf, BBaaaao 
peBOJioirjio nepeMOiKenoio i JiiKBigOBauoio i Bij,uoBi T i,no r n,o n,i.oro iipnxii.m- 
loet ;v> .ici'a.iLiuix ijiopsi CopoTbSn 3 gnKTaTjpoio oypmyaair, ;ia]wim;a.io 
npair,K>H) i ii macn go „Majnx gLi" (Ky:ibTypHO-opi , aaiaan;if[Hor poCoTH, 6opoTb$H 
aa s ro;uifi- pouiTiiiiMiift ;wmh,. npaBO KOaxutyfi, aa gesioKpaTnaaiiiH) optaaiB 
r;(iiin:]!a.i,yBaHHH i t. n.) i iipiiMiipeiinn 8 reTbBiaiiimiinHo. as 8 (JtaKTOM, — 
b u,eii caiiiiii 'ian -line Kpnvio ctojijo 11a HeupHinHprraiH, peBomoitfnHO- 
iciacoBiii nosHiiji', oaKHAaioTO BRHKe yro^OBCTBO, bchkg npHaapeHHa 8 reTb- 
3iaion,iiHoio i lriAroTOR.Taioia pnoiTnine-caiJiHOHti mum r i,o Hacn.TbHoro 
peBOMonjfaoro iioBaaeima giiKTaTypii Sypayasii Ha FEpalm. 3 toikii no* 
r.ra.i,y uomtwbuA opi'aniHaii.ii. ne EpHXO CaraTO b nosry ycTynoo Hpamiui, 
( ifit'aiiiaiiBaHOio chjIOK) BiicTynaJin b n,eil tac Ti.TbKn yKpalHCiKi coii,iH.ih ■rii- 
]n j i{i>.nu]i.ioiii'pi[ (.iiBa Teiin, m,o <5y.ia to^i otj)inj&ibHOH) napTiero), kojji Be 
roBopii'i'B npo yi:|>aiin'i,K( ejcieniH b pociilci.Kiil ooD^-gex. napril (do-ibiue- 
Ranii!! bb YKpafai.*) yKpai'iiebKa ooajjua-AeaoKpaTifl me ne Bii.u.ia.ia 
a cefie cTanoro opi'anisoBaiioro jiiBoro uojiinnnoro agpa; OBpejri oco^a 



*) Poc. con..-jtea. pt>6. napiis (fiojiiin.) na, yspalHl nepenec.ia b n,eii vae 
neurp ciiocti potion RO MocnoBinniiii. i npo potfoiy II Taa an srao,yniuii n II to»1 
,,'Sum. i Hatep". 




— 91 — 

i I'pyim raK sBSsat aeaaieacftiix jpnepss po&ura cnpo<5a cenapaqii ni,i; 
oifiiutaaiami' viqmi'iri'r.Koi coiqasb-jeHOi^aTii' i reopeTKHHO-i^coatoi'K^Horo 
(n'n'pyHTOBamui cuoei peBOJioniftHO-itiacoBOl noBHipl l Iepea ne nas ,t,obo- 
,i,ii rr.cfi cuiiHirrncb tjtt ,joiaa;i,Hime mm oa .VIICP, ana Ma.ra b i* 
reTbMinriiuitui <;boI opi'amaaiiil b jjempi i na sicnax, BiHasaxa (HeaeitaHo) 
ruin opfaa - Henepiojpraral texbbbhb „BopoTt6a", numiia.m koh- 
(jiepeHii,il, oxBini caoBOK, Uyia aKFHBSsa uo.ii ni'inrrM ihbhhkqs, m;i,iyi,\- 
!,. Ktuii in' Ha Bci, to xo<* Ha roaoBHimj lipoma roroqacHoro cyenk&- 

llihl'd SHTTfl. 

3aiinuninii me na IV Sla^i ITapxii (b ffri rerbxaacbsoro aepesopoTj) 
HenpiurnpiiMy tio3irniio wfl-jp reTtHaamnHJi. VKpaiucbri ski con;.-peB. no- 
cjiUobho ctohjth na nifi i jyui Mawpiaj ao ypoayjiimia niei' iirwmi,ii jjae 
II.iaTipopaia I^nTpa-Tbiioro Kojhtl'tv .Vi;pai'iirbi;oI Rapid! 
CtoipajrieriB-PeBOaroHJOHepiB (posynsHa cyiacaoro saury i rai;Tiu;a uapTil)-, 
jena II,eHTpa.ibHiisi EomTeTOi Hap'rii 3. repass 1918. pony. IIojiaeHO 
t?t 3nicT n,i.oro iHTepecnoro ROKymeara: 

„L HeiiTpu.il til nil KoBiiei J'KpaiHCLKo'i llajirili Conia-iicTiB-PeBO-iRminuejiii:, 
oniiiKiRiiu eyaacHBa near, KOHCiftiya, mo : 

1, Peuo.'iionin na yKpaiiii trepeOKBae Eiiai Be.iin:v Kpisay sanoiia.iy. B] | 
aaia yKpaiau, nuMiimuai i KaiiiT-a.iii'Tii-npOMUcaoHii.i, oGefuiaBuiHCi. 3 £pi(5HO-6ypaty- 
a3iii!Mii Kii.iaMii — i;_vpKv.iiiMii-B.iaciiiiKiiMii, 3a tBKtfipxtOK iHTCpHantOBa.n.ii"i 6yp- 
■j:\u.iii — niien;&ROl, pociieHtoi, B03tCMto3 11 11111110T, — oirepnracB Hit ciuy Hiaortt- 
Mro ixnepipjisxy, HOBe.ia Koinp pen 0.110 niiiBHii n&Ctyil, iii;iii"i ;iai;in'niBi:a Tai; 31 
a,epa:aBHHM uepeuoporoH b keith! u. p. 

2. Koaippesojionia si ciaBJeniiKasi! inTepiian;ioHaiii.BoT Oypaiyaai'i — reTL- 
MaiioM Ta Boro npaBUTe.iic.TBoa sBeaa na bIbcd,!. bci 3,j.oGyrKn posy yKpaiucBKO) 
peBO.TK)n.ii. Hafiouiuic saBOiioBauflH'Nanjoiia.ii.aoi-o pyxy na ,\ K|iaini — .V'KpatHCbiy 
BapojBJO Pecnyo.iin;_v ;i HanjoEaaBBO-nepcoaaatHOM asTOHoaieio — BHiinieHo. Cja- 
cyiiaBimi aci no.iiTH'iui ii rpoaajimcMii cbouim.ii, umVipeiii peiuviionieio, j[iyj'ijiy uamrrii 
bci upiauiaaui'i rpyxosoro .may. peutgtoaepi bci&sobhsb ji.uiapxii'iiiy Repasaay 
CTOma-ia i uci coninitBo-eKOBOMii'iiii lmchopsiii, a ncpeaycia iiaiiui.ir.nii 3 nux — 
<-iiti,ia.ii-.ianiKi 3CM.ii Ta podiTanie sasoao^aBCTBO. 

11. II,eiiTp. KnaiTCT FTtCP, SBtasasva na tou po3»ax i xapasrep, .'it;i npu- 
CpaB pcBojiKmiafliiii pjx na J'Kpa'iai, naauw'iu BBXHse 3iiaiiHBK Oi.11.111 lii'.i: posy 

peBOjaiiiBaoro BiixosaBua Mac — 1 oro (Sokj, a ,i.pyrcro — 3Baa;aio^i[ ua ne- 

MiiiiytiieTi, pBBOSBjrjjfeoro possasaHHfl MbKuapo.uiboio BBMOKpaTieio Tarapa BCeCBiiMioi 
BaaipioiH, — p a r.i a ^ae cy iac By p eaK ni t> 11 a ^spalsl, a« r 1: « - 
1 a c (i b 11 ir 3 a 11 11 a s p c b .1 k> n, i i, ii|iii'ii!ii;i>iii asoro bbjibkitbcs: 

1. Jji.M'yTiiifTii m in.ii nx opiaaisaEifi n uciiTpi i, mo roaoBue, aa Micnax, m;i 
rijitKii 11 itnr.in r,yrn onopom peBoaKiniaaoro pyxy i b noTpifiHUU BOJieBi .mi n 11a- 
aeatsy o.tci'i KOBTppeBo.iKin.il j 

'2. Ojho(5ok» iian.ifiiia.ii,i:a nojiiniKa .VKpai'Bci.KOT UeiiTpa.ii.iK>i Pa»U bijx skoI 
■ caioro iio'iaTKy yKpa'iBCbKa ^eHOKpaxin BBaajaaa nuuoiiui na ni.inii paj I'onia.ii.- 
uiix aaiiiiTaiii.. i;onitpeTU3aii,ia i iiobbb poamuamin jikhx Ti.itKii i moivio vti. 
fjiyiiT .ua ..,,, ^iiaiiHs BCBoro yKpaiHctsoro TpyAOBoro n»j(y spjT cboix npOBijflm 
opfanns i BamasB — asoxiBaExa asm, paao» 3 sinuaovBO nanioiia-u.ini'i i v 
ii'i.iiTnn,i, BHK.'ini;a.ia nc,i,oBippn n uacax i (Jo.iLmeBnn;i.Kuii pyx, bk peaKU,iK> ua 

'•ne CTaaoBanie ; 

8. P y ii 11 y 1,, ■[ u I ,-;,,.! ,, m ,. ,. „ h b l; ,[ g „ oxifl it a J f k p a 1 B 
poaCBB 1 3^;eMopaji3yB_aB rpy^oBi sepcTBH rposa^ffBCTBa, hkbI cboIb iicp".iy>iiini:iM 
BamoaaiKBOl capanu i n,euTpa.iimioji BUKiiiiKaB uiOBtiiisa b Bapnjiuk aacax, vtbo]hib 
rjiyiiT ;i.m nauouiii.ii.iioio cenaparaaxy i aepaaiBmuijBa ra Tx yro:;n a Biaea^Kow 
auuapHOio cnaoio, 3 aiEBi^anierc BKoro (noxoay) aeaHHT'ie uv.iu spyBBOBaai a6o 
u .UKui^Baai oiifanisaiui pcuo.nouiano'i ^eaoKparil 11a > Kpniui ; 



•- 



92 — 



4. I'iiy'ii;a i jteneaiia nayTpinias nojiwiKa MaJo'i Pasn Ta II npaBHTe.Ti.cTBa — 
pa,ui Bapoxaix jriah'TpiB, mo xaiajiact niat apifinooypiKyasBnaH Ta ipy^ODHMii riii- 
caiiii cycitijiicTisa, noaamtt MOiKJisroocTH aaa npacKopeHOI opyaaiaanjl peanut!, 
BUioaaiH hbm aaai OLabnte sia, peno.-nonfiuuoi aeaoftpam i He jamii Jit saora. 
op(aw3yBaTHCfl, aia 3na<iHHa Biumiiojt-iaTHCKOit b Etoay BanpaaKOBi na yKpalncutml 
ypaa; iHTepuauioHaatHoi, 3 onpeiia HiaenHtoi iMnepia.-iicTaqaoS Oypasyasil ; 

5. HeaonyeTnaa i sio'imiHa. 3 to>ikh noraaay aistHapoaaioro conia.iiasiy, 
cninEa yKpalHcbitoro ypaay 3 niaen,bKa« JtijiiTapisKOK aicKpeaHTyBaaa S'KpaiKCbKj 
UeHTpaiiny Paay a otox ianpoanx Tpyaosnx BepcTB, KoanpoMiiyaaJia cany iaew na- 
n,ioaaasBoro BasBOatnoro pyxy i yKpalncbiti coniaaicTinHi ttapril, aetopa.iijyaaaa 
yKpalHCMty aeaoicpaTixi, ofitKTaBHo Bena a° JiiKBiaaHJI bclx saaoBoBaHt peBo.iKin.il 
— BiRBpsaa liinpoKe none na J'Kpalui aas. ^isaMocTH iHTepHan,ioHa.ibHnl peaKn.il, 
mo b ocofii ui»en,i>Ko1 tiypKyasii, oisapaioOTCL Ha OafHeiii aBCTpo-Hiaenj.Eoro BincbKa 
Ha YKpalni, Ko|iin;TyK)'iaei BijcyTHicTW bIhclkoboi cujth PecitydaiiKU i OpaKoa min- 
hhx oplaaisanju aeaoKpawi, ORBepra BHCTyrniaa iia aonoaory oyacyasii b li CoporLui 
iipoTH seaeaMioI peijiopjiu ia hhihiix con.ie.iLHiix pwjtops, nepec.iiayioin OBO'i ni.ii, 
a caae : a) nepeiBopeHHH yitpalHH b cbo» ko.ibohuo ; 6) Biflifipanna nasaa scix eiott 
ycTynoK BepecieiictKoro anpy, 3aKJtioieHoro ma, naiucKOK BiBetKOBBX ooVTaaaa aa 
3axiftUiosiy (ppouri, i GaataHHa b cniaiHoiiy Hopaaicy BUKopaciaTH noaiiMiii oocia- 

BHHH B Poci'i 3 M6T0H) UBecHiielWa CBOrO iancpill.'jil'Tll'lHOrO rrpoTHBBiiKa ; b) vtbo- 

peHHH Ha yspaiBi (piKTHBHo-aBTOHOMHoro ypaay, skiih 6u nociynrEO BHKOBjBaB bci 
BKa3i«Kn 3 Eepjiiny b aanpaai uoaiTmiHoi Ta couiaabHoi niBejEn,ii 3 Meiponoaieio ; 
He8aaoBoaeaicTi> bhaiimoctki .lifiepajiMio-aeMOKpaTiiOTOl no.iiTM.KH J T KpalHCLKOi U,eH- 
Tpajiiaoi Paa» i ocTpax Toro, mo 3i emiUKarnias yBpa'incLKHX ycTanoBinx 3oopia 
noatD na iroaiTHKa aainiiTact b 6'ik peuo.nroa,iunoro aenoitpaTH3By ; r) oa;i;nim>i He 
HonycrilTD ,1,0 peBoaionifiHHX BHCTynia rpyaoBi Kaacii HiaeqiHEH, ripncnain Ix biBclko- 
bbmh, ,BH3B0jjiHHaH' Ta eKouoMit'iuiisK nepexoraaii nineutKo'l ftepafaaa, moo aynito 
ipaaara II b pysax ixnepiaaicTii'iHol auiTapncTHinoI 6yp*ya8ii ; 

i 6. Bij,cyTHiCTB ni^epacFii peBOJiwuiiinoiiy pyiosi Ha yspalsi 3 Cosy Miis- 
napORBbo! ^eaoKpaTi'i, ana, 6ynjiii pos'canaHOKi 3 iaciB Bifiau i 3py4H0Baruia 
II InTepHan,iOHajiy, ae oapoaowacH aarH naaeatnoi opram30BaHGl Offciqi co.ii^api30- 
Baaaa nacTyaan lopnoro iBTepHan,ioHajiy npoia ^tepBOHoro. 

III. UeHTpaaMnii KojtheT y[ICP, aasaaiaioqji, mo peBoaioniBuHa pyx na 
yapaiBi MyciB sOoiatu i BCTymiTii b hk> cbok> ijiaay 3anenaay iepe3 xa6ny no.iknKy 
aonepeaaix o$in,iajibniix Kepyroiiix opfania peBoaionil, ?epe3 apyiiuyBanna opfam- 
3an,iii aeaoKpaTil, a ro.ioBHe ^epes 6e3nocepeaac BTpyqauna b xi^ uoaiu cropoajrix 
flo rtboro iacy <iHHniiKin, iiepes 6paK op(aai3an,iii HiiEnaposai.o'i fleaoKpafi'i, po3es- 
Haao'i mryiino-xepiitanniiiiH Kopjoaaita i BififlOM, a iepe3 tc BiacyTaiciio co.]i'iiapi30- 
Bainix ii BacTyniB, ra,nae orate, mo aoBua ycaimnieii. 6opoTb(5n ipysosoro itojy 
nporu Tenepifliiiiioi peaisnii sa cbob no.iiiaaae, nan,ionaJLnc ia conjiafliHO-eKoaoMuine 
BH3B0JieHHa MosuiiBa .innie TOji, ko.ih na GopoTtfia 6yAe cnipaiucH na kmcobo Ta 
no.iiTB^HO CBi,i,OHi xeMO K PMHHiii 0pteHi3an.il na J r KpaIai i npoBa^uTBJieTBcn a hob- 
Hoay KOHTami a ftCMOKpaweio iihuihx Kpaia, b aepniy qepry n;eHTpaji!,no-eBpoaefici.KHX 
sepwaB, 3 skhmh aBssae .VKpa'iny xi,n iciopHtraHX noijii, — kojib ^cMOKpaTia njix 
jtepacaa nijUTpuiiae b tifi ia Huiaifi aipi peEo.w>niBHHU pyx na ynpaiai 3 roTOBHiCTW 
BDCTyuam b o^aepTy 6opoTi6y 3 CBOe» 6ypacya3ieio. 

yKpalHCtsa peBoawnia, fiyayqn ae tijibkh noaiTHiao- 
Han,ioHaj[BHOX), a ii niooto c <> n, i a .i 1, a w pc!o.innit», mo 
3 canoro noiaisy cTpeniiia nepeiBopHTiica b jiiatHapo^HK) 
peBOjrion,iKi, aocTasHja cbois nojiiTnaflUM racaoa Heo6nei!eHy (jiejepartiio pec- 
ny63HE (mo bLvtocho yKpaiaii aaao 3aiBcaaTiieb nMaxoM aocianoBa yspalHC&KBX 
ycTanoBinx 36opiB), — EeciipHflKJiiiMH oficTaaiiBaMH npiiayuieBa 6yja 3a.iaaiaTHCb 
b Han;ioira,itnHX psMHflx i a n;ia Hafi-inatajracb sate ao CBoro sasepaieaHa i aaitiH'jenHH. 
Jlpnaneceunfl at renep ji,o He! eaeaeffry HiatuapoaaocTH HeaKoaHao uiTOBxae II Ha 
n.ea luanx, maax Bij;noB.ieHHa 6opoTb6n 3a 3j(iucHeHHa cbo'ix jib03yHfiB — sa 'j'Jv.iy- 
BaBtia coniaiicTHiaoro iHTepnan.iona.'iy, .liKBi^aniK) BcecBiiBtoI biBhh, b any 3apa3 
BTaryCTbea yKpalacbKa aepacaBa, sa ctin£aiii yipalnctKUi yciasoB- 
<ni 3 6opiB, 3a 3eajiK) i Bojuo, 3a ^eAepaniio. 



98 



CioB'in na crapiii no3HE.ii napTil, sasHaqaroiH, wo r a c a o c a x o c t i ii- 
gocti, iinnoiiiiii — iiiitiicniini sfipoctonpyKax peas- 
H i ii ii o 5 6 y p jk y a 3 i I, HeinpairEHHfi KoxiieT yEpalHCBKO'i Ilapiil CottinaicTiB- 
icnjoHepiB BBaasac, mo ftepataBHUUbKi BMaraiiflfl, Heo(5xijHo 3Ba3ani s ixnopia- 
.li.TirinHMH TeHjenuiaMH, ocaatbawTi, luacOBy (SopOTtoy npau.ioio'aix i Bexiinyie 
BCTTaaioTB a nero b KOE^mKT, iepea m,o He3aae;KHicTB aepscaBit ho xose (5jth bobs*- 
hum racaox ipyaoBoro ajoay b iioro fiopoitOi, a aiiuie tokibukbm 3aco6ox jpia 
^ocai'HfBna BcecBhuio'i <pexepan,i3. 

I\". 1. IJeHipaaBniiii KoaireT yilCP, Bnxoasin 3 ycii BiimesasnaienBX 
bonibIb, 6yS6 — b peiiojKniijHitt GopoiBol aa BiiaBoaeuna yKpaiHctnoro TpysoBoro 
llt ,^ v — KoopaiayBaTii cboi BBCTynn a BUCTynaxH lixEapoj- 
Hi>oi peBoajoHiiiHdJ jexoKpaTii, 3aBa3aam!i Haimcirimi shochiui b nepniy 
-.jepry 3 conuiJiicTmnnaa napd'axii Hiae'i'iimu, ABCTpo-yropwBEB, BeanuopociT, 
Ilo.ttmi ta hhidhx cycijurir ftopxaB, i noaepsKjaaTnci HeysH.iit.H0 BaacoBoi TaxrHKn, 
mo i-nipaeTLca Ha peBoaKmiiuri opfaaisanii TpyjOBOrO aiosy yEpalHH, Oca skbx HiHKa 
SopoTBoa, aiaKe nOBCTarnis He aoasyit aarn H03iTHBnm Baciixzu i sh! aiminaii 
i tL'ibkb Toji, Kojiii opfaHi30ByBaTHMyTBca nil, cniaiHBXH racaaxa, 8xjlcxeHBa 
ikes ii)io]ia,T;iiiuaoTtca oa,naK0BOio TaKTiiKoio. 

2. 3 oraaay na ie, w° norpo30io peBo.non.iHaoi fiopotsGH aoxe aBiiTnca TaKox 
iBnepifl-iicTntinuB, ocEiiennii a.ecuoTB3», kojib Hiaen,tKa GropoKpaTia nia,e na 3a3i,aae- 
ri r iB pospaiOBam iiojiTimri i naRm. (■on.ia.iiiii yciyiucH b cuoiii cxiuiii'i noaiMtHJ 
b Gin yupalaCBEOl jiexoEpaiii 3 mctok> npHcnain peBoamniBay eaeprito xpya.OBHr 
xac, — IleHTpaatDHH KoxneT yilCP no no/uGiiux KOattpoaiciB CTaBiiTi.rii uefoTUDHO, 
HciipHSBpuao waBiittcfl jo peasDJHEO-SypsyasHoco reiBxaHcBKoro ypaay i bhoob- 
jiioeTBca piinyie upoTH Bcjutqro yroxoscTBa 3 Tenepiinntoio noairaitoio Ta BSOAxeHnn 
ii reiBMaHCBKuft ypa r % flexoKpaiEiEiix eaeMeBxiB. 

3. 3Baa:aioqH na ie, mo nepcAtacni BHCiynn oKpeani cea i BoaocxeB npn- 
now™ annie 30 nepexoni naj hbmh peajeuiHnoJ xiaixapHoi chjih, a b nae.iia.0K ntoro 
— Di.qii5naioTi Bipy b peBoaioniio, bhochtb .neaopfaHiBan.ijo i a.e«opaai3an,iio b xacn, 
BHK.niKaioTB xapuy i HaaiTB niKi^Jnty ipaiy peBoaioniHHHi ch.i, — JieHipaaBHHfi 
KoaiTuT MICP fiy^e yTpBMj'Ba^ ceaaHCTBO bis TaKJis HeopfaHiaoBaHiix BBCTyniB. 

4. Cioro^n Ha nosniyi MiatHapoaEBoro con;isai8a:y i cdIibhocth inTepeciB 
ni)anjojoHBS acis Ean;ifi i Kpal'n i eo BU3na»iH 3a xeTojt kjiscoho! 6opoiB6n raaaxy 
BiiiHn 3 yrBopeHnaa bibcbkobbi (JipoHTiB, mo EexBHyie po8BA H ye i uamnTB cnan 
caaoi aeJtoKpaTi'i, sacyaiKyio^H oaOpoeiiiiS noiis 6o.ttmeBHKiB 
(x c k b c b K n 1) na y b p a 'i e y, yKpaifBCBKa IlapTia CouiaJiicTiE-PeDOJUonioiiepiu 
Cyjie SopoTaca npoin aeaafofaqnux racea, pospaxoBanas aiiuie hs pocna-iHiBauaa 
Han,ionaaLEoi Bopo^Eeni, racea Bnnaio^EO sificBKOBoro noBcraBHa i opyssHOi CopoiLfin 
upoTH BixeHBKoro BiiicBKa na yKpatei, a 3aKJHKaiHxe jo fiopoTBdn no BHyTpiuiaioxy, 
BaacoBoxy 4>pOHiy. 

o. BnxoAfl^H 3 Tore, bio aBCTpo-HtxeHBKe biBcbko b paji KapaientHiix eKcne- 
jimifi i .TjinuieaiB napojijBix peBoaioE,iB; ne xoace Gyta Hoaro TpuxaEHM, mo 3 pos- 

BiaUHa.M 3aB0H0BEIimLKUX i.IK)3iH B HiOMy HeaHHT'li aaBOpyBIBHEff, a 3 HHMH _saB0- 

pymeBHa i b caxax U,eHTpaaLHHi ^epataaax, yKpalnetsa Ilapiifl ConjaaiciiB-Pe- 
BoaronioHepiB fiyse Becia b Dioay Hanpaany nponataaay i opraHi3an,iio cepe^ ^j'aio- 
aenHoro BificBKa na yKpaTai 

6. Ciauaqi bbtok) b 11 k a h k a t ii pemJHmiio, «» aa6e3- 
ne^HiB sei tDiori yBpalncBKoro ipyjoioio ajoay, yjICP 3 oa- 
Boro 6oKy — BecTHxe n e b n n n h y i a k t 11 b b y a^iTan,iio i 6opoii6y 
B_p;Bosy HanpaxKOBi, neaopfaBisyio^H peaitn,iio, ii'ypaS. 
BiiicBKoBy Ta noaiTHiHO-con,iHaBHy onopy b neaipii na 
"icitax, rjpiynn aeaopf a b ia mop c Bsi, nipiuaiiciiii Bij- 
Rian, mo aKTHBHO fiopoHHTHxyiE iA^ 10 con,iHai3an,iI pexai, 
ciosTaxyiB na ciopoaci Boai, He n,a»^u 91011 iMaepiaaicTH'j- 
Hifi p e a k n, i I nieiimaiD HaacoBy cBiaoxiciB bbrbxhxh 
(noKaujii) daaraxa; a a,pyroro 6oKy — oa,Hoiacno npoBaflinuae npona- 
ran.ny, niaroToBKy ra optoniaauiro peBoaroniBHiix nenrpiB ceaanciaa i pofiiinantBa 
(3exeaBui KoaiTeni, ipa6pH>iHo-3ai]o^eLi;i ti 3aai3HoftopoatHi soxiTetH, paa,a pofiw- 
HiiHHx ra cmhucbkbx nenyTaTiB, peBOJiffinjilHi KoaiTCin), m,o6 3 raeaox poso- 



H4 — 



,i io n, i u fi o r o lOBciam c o .11 a, a p i 3 o b a u » a i o j u o c t a a a a a t a 
ojtHOiacHna bui-ivhoii meaipii aa nicmi, p a 3 o a 3 p t a 11 i- 
.1 B a H 11 e p e b e a e a 11 " «-" t p a 11 eih,i p 11 a .1 11111 p e a k n i fi ji 11 ii y p a jr 
i j a s 11 11 11 t n b a a a y e p y km 3, e a k p a t i i. 

7, II a 10 'i h 11 a y b a 3 i to, mo, n o k h c n, i a a i c t h >m i 11 a p r i 1 
yaBaamsyTi 3 c e 6 e a 11 hi e oplaaisoaaaj HeBLiaicTt i jobs 
Mixuapti.iaa <• <j u, i a a i c 1 11 1 h a a e m k p a t i a Be yiBopart g, h ro 
npfaaiioiaaoro nijioro — u e a at e 6 y t 11 nepeBeaeiinft uob- 
h 11 ii c it i a ji 1, 1: 11 it 11 p e b p t, bo a at e 5 y t 11 c it i a a i c t 11 'i n 1 
p e b a 10 n, i I i ;i 11 1; t a t _v ]> 11 1 p y j; o b I jeanapaiii b oxpemu 
Kpui'iia x, Ii, c 11 t pi ;i .1 l 11 11 ii K a i 1 e i J r JI C P b b a at a c, m, iiepeAaia 
u.iap ipyjtOBoay a JO ft y boco6i pas pofiiTHHVuz ta ce.iaii- 
cikiii itJiytaiia icBJHBa iiiJEe ik Etxopoiii T iacu p e b a ro- 
il, i ii it r nipeceunii — ockLiikh peBOJUtmia iBopaiicn a 11 m e 

I p j j. b h m .1 io j 1 i Ha p t a n i 3 a n, i i If 0' r c 11 i p a e 1 1 c a, e i: i a 1. 1; 11 

II e 3 a (5 e 3 n e >i e n i me b ft y t k 11 peBoaron,iiiHoro pyiy i ho nepe- 
a ik e a a peaKa.ii. — ojeoibcbo xstbi a a e nijroioiJUTiioi 
11 e p e s i ft <}i p a a a l 11 i Baa, 1. 11 a i c n e b 11 a caaopna,yBaHHHji, ofipa- 
11 11 a 11 u a t 11 c a b n i ii ij o p a y a i, i napimeaiy u n, e il t p i, 11 e p hi b a 
.: iiKux stycHTB 6 y x 11 yKpalHCBKi ycTanoBii'36'opH. 

8. KoHCTaryjoiii capuaioqiiii a,aa peBOatoniiijioi poGora ipyHx i HacTpiii cepeft 
rpyftOBiix Mac, 3a3uaHaioiii, mo racao yKpaSEClKM > r L , TanoB , nii 36opiB HBaacrica 
mini tiim racaoa, aKe peno.u* niniii! ya aacu, U,enTpaai.Hiiii Kojtiiei J'lICP Bsasai 
:sa neoGxiftHe, m,o(5 yiipalECiHi ycraiioB'ii SCopii aifipaaMca i BiftupusHca sik b uafl- 
oaaaraoay laci, BiicaoBiiaH cbog BiftHoineiiHsi ;i,o cywinis iii.iin. ;;iinj>iiyaiich a,o 
jeaoKpaTi'i Bcioro CBSTy 3 BiftoaBORi-npoTecTOM, 3 samHSoa ,1,0 peB0flXHi,ii J iii<ri oopoitfia 
npoTii IniepHaBiioiiaamo'i pcaKni'i Ta roiLaaBciKoi aaaa,n, fto ofleftiiannn: Bcici yspaiH- 
clkoi aeaoKpaTii' b Ii OopOThtii sa aeaaio i Boaro." •) t 

He 6ypp*o aaaJiiayBaTii *ryT u,iu ..iL.nmliop.111r, :a,epiii.n yfiary tusks 
mi i>.uiy ro'ii.y ii'. 1 case Ha Ty, ana T0pKacci.es Mjgtomevw naprii ,i,o 
pociiicbioix cou;LHJi>-s6M0KpaTtB 6o.ibiiieBjTKin ta i'xiii.ni jhuItiikii aa 7Kpaffli 
i ws& Kii^ae cbitjo na poaBiiTOK cou,i}i.iicTinmo-peBOJitoii;iiruor ^j'mkii Ha 
ykpaim. IIpniiHHTO Cyjio b ti qacn i niaHime 'rBep,i,iiTit, mo aiRHna 
vKpaiHt'bKoi aesOKpaTil upocro KoniiOBaaa (Bflaao 'in HeB^,a;io) pociitcr,Knx 
i;iniyiiicTi]i. O r i,naie ia.iLiiiuil p03BHT0K yKpaiacbKOi peBOjnouji' i aaaHa'icna 
TOHKa 11 .. Il.i:rn|n.i]i,iii 11,. K. yUGP", CBU'iara, iu,o yKpaiHCbKa coiaajicTiPiHa 
.i.\Mi;a poaBiina.iiii-i, bxacHHxa ui.iaxara, sou i KopHCTyBaaacb jipn n,in 
oaraTriMii ua.i,uaiiiiii>iii nrcciuTHbOro, a b tomj* i inc;ii i pociilcbKoro coaifl- 
.licTBHHoro pyxy. JIk CaunMO a „]LiHT(J)opMu", jiiBiiiyi yKpaIucbi;us »*.-p. 
rocTpo aacyflxyBaia uoxi r i; hoceobcbshx (SoojaBSBsiB ua ynpalay i ro ae 
Ti.n.Kit % TaKTH i ranx MipKyBam, a.ie fi uepea piaise poayuiHna MOMeHTy r 
•it-pea ij.eo.ibOi'ii'iHe pocxo^xeBBfl a naprieio 6o.u.uieBnKiB. ITapTui oGctoio- 
aaaa ijpopiiajn>H0 napaai«HTapHHB nexoKpaTKiai, shbebbhk paaaHctKy §o\>k$ 
i i mii yiOBHO, .iniue Ha ma aarocTpeHolf iaacoBoi' 6opOTb0n. 

,l,i' r taTKOM ;i,o HaBe,T,enoi r ir.iaTsI)op«H" HBJiaexbCa nocTanoBa II,. K. 
llap-rii (Bi;i, 3. MepBHa) b cnpasi BHyTpiiaHboi' raKTHKM naprii, hkoio poc- 
iivi.'i;jliiicm i .iiKBi,T,yi:a.inca (g OYlffijsy ua nept'i'.ii.ivjiaiiua uoii,ia.ii(--ni'nnix 
iipiinii^auiii reTbutaHCbKim ypa^OM) Bci ^OTorouacai Jiei'ajibHi opr'aaoaaBTl 
napxi'i i aapTia nepeBo;;inacb ua ue.Ki'iuwiun craa. a Tai;o;i: caHKipoHy- 
saaacb neoCn^meib no-'iiiniHoro Tepopy napTii npoTu „ HaiiuiKi;i,. 1 1 1 ni ijj.ii x 



*) 



•77 4 

l'it; BiuaHiia 4. 



IJopoTbOa" - OpfaH % K. J'lICP, 'i. 1, CepneHt (n. ct.), 1918. 
a 4. 



— 95 - 

; iufmiuuu'ip.iiaux jipe.irraiminai) peaanjiBOl aecnoril u uenrpi i mi ricgax, 
mi; piBHO i ii[it'.T,cT;n«[i!KiB iaTepaa^iOHaXBHOl i;tunppei)0.[ron,lI na YKpaluL 
TaKira 'Xjihom, aia; upaBjmejo i mumps 6yao aysfi raatioae poc 
v.'imii. at;e TBopn.io a jbox laeraa yapafac&EOl ^euoKpa™ 3,0a inflate 
djikom Bopoaa Tadopii. Hcho, mo bci cnpoGn npaBii n,i ytqpaiacBKo! Reao- 
iqiaTif .uirni ,i" HKorocL nopoayjiiBHH :j iViiepiuioai CKopona r T,ci>KiiM ri 
a nisfiua.-a-iiii i\'iiciiii.ia.ji]i. Beam tpopsui jiei J a.i!.HOi, TaK Cn MOBHTn, napaa- 
neinapHOl (toporafa :; jcBEraTypoio (Jypatyaaii, sacyaacyBaiBCB .imnu;eia, he 
vro^OBCTBO i Bpasa coi^iaicTarao-peaoaioujfiHiiM i.va.iaM Ta hk ajaaaiina 
iMHcoBOt DpoJt«TapcauHH»aaBCbB»l raicTiiKn. 3aaicni> itopoayaiaaa a fea&- 

paaoa Cko[ a :.n,i;na Ta b ai»eiy.K]uin iVnrj);i.niMii, .unmi,a myi;a.ia 110- 

poayiriBSa a peBOJKjujini'M-oici.'ukTiiHHiisn I'pynaiiii i'lBpona ia BOfipeaa 
3 aiaen>KOKi seMOKparie©. Maara laepffle nepeKOHaaaa, mo aaayaaaBa 
KOHTppeBOJnonjl aa . v i;paiui aiuacru-a laaraacoBax i mo eoui:i.iLno-eKono- 
nii-:iir. i pa3oa a tbm i mmioHajitHo-no.iiTii'iiu' BHaBOJieaaa yxpalEC&Eoro 
nap(i,:i.v opafee Ti.ii.iat H nar.ii,[,iiK irepeiorn upaipoioiBa aac Betoro CBiiy 
iia.i, BcecBtrHbOK Oypacyaaieio, .liBimu vipaiacbKo! ^eaexpasil He Ba^aBa.™ 

uo3HTHBHOro aHaiiaaa ivTwiaucLKiii aepas >ctii HaBiTL a HaqioaaibHOi 

tii'jkii iior:in r \v i BBdrimBaja Ta aacy^yaaja Bci aaxo;ui npaBiuii roio 
,.vi;|iai'iii;inii.ii'" mii .u'JioKparaaanii uici Kepsaaaacra. 



*) „lio.iiTii'iiniii lepop, — roBopiuiocH n nocTaHoui, — BHiuiMBat! 3 norjaj.iB 

Hinifhiorii coniajiwry iia po.iio ,i hj;U'I>koi ocoSn b icioptt ; Ha lttoro nam aae 

HejaBHB pcBOMOHitoe jWBy.ie i cyiacHe . . . UiicicMaTninufi repop, cnojiyiemin 

3 HHimiau (jiopaaaH Ojpepiiix MacoEiix BueiyniB (poSh-ini'iiix i-Tpaikin, ce.inucbMix 

Liipapiuix BasopymeHi., a;eaimcTp;. , ^iIr, caooTaacy 10 m,o), naOipae Be.'iiiieaiiuro BWrttata : 

uiii aejc 2,0 ,ie30jrfaui3anii nopora. Kpi» AeaopfaHiaaitififlo'i pcuii, Tepop o/ihombcho 

rouyc Hponarynainim 11 ariiaitii, \jiu;ish>hii 3 cede <[>opiiy o^uepio'j dopOTi>du t 

m irpoxo.xe nepc r T o'usaa bcioio aapojiy, pyflnyc aBTopnieT ypn^y i BHHHEa« jo 

aaiTia nosi peBoa»niiiHi cn.ni . . . HapeuiTi, repopHCTBiaa ;ua.ii.HicTL sejiefajif.Ho'i 

UMuifiiio'J iia])Ti'i e satoCoM camooOopomi i oSOpOBH op(aHi3anii Bi,i imrijrjimmr 

aria, mnaryHCiBa ia 3pa,xuuB;TBa. Tepopucnisfla a,in.u.nieTL npuniirarTMa tiitEu 

nicja nepeKOEB na,i peanaiiiiiUM 3ecnoTH3«0M i noBnoro bUhob-ibbhs acir noniiisi- 

Hiix rpomajsiHCLKHj csofii^." l Iu RiaCHO VIICP BHKOHyBaaa a wacii reTiMaHniHHii Sh- 

r lsiBi,nya."imi TepupneTiiini aKTii, hc bIsoko. Qoidibeb rcpopflCTBUHEfi ai;i thi 'jaciB, 

■>ie bOjibctbo b Kiiibl SO. .uiima 1^18. KoaajisyKi<ioro tpynow Biaen,ti;ux 

siilcbK Ba yKpaiai fepepaa-^ejujjrapinaja Ai'ixropna, 6ys aciKouaiiEri poeLucLKHa 

l eon;.-peB. (3 nocTanoBii Jl. K. Ilapiii') 11. ,1 o u c i, kh » (P>. r "l,rinctKoro 6yao 

'iiiibiajji. i nvujii'in'i noBinteno HiatHMMii a Kiilni x 10. cepnna). Ifltepecae biji- 

BomeHBfl Biianii.iii ,i,n $amy BfiaBcraa Aaxropaa piatni ocpcTBU i r[)ynu yKpaiactKoro 

cjcnijacTHa. Cano co6o» posyaieTiics, mo fenepaj CKoponaflciKim oto^ochb 3 n>oro 

npiiBojy cneuisjiiiy rpaaoiy, b mud BUXBaanB aaoyra Afixropaa nepe;i, yspaincbKna 

napo^os ; HiMemKe KoxaBitysaBHs masfo* bL&cbbobbx Haaaain 3a]>aj;Hao saaoSy no- 

BciB yupaiui i s ;to-aKin stictiai fli'ii'iii, SSaroflBp) BBUto raan oSaoni. ToaoBHiiu 

ECoxiiei IlapTi'i Conitt3icTiB-$ea,epaaiCTiB buiiic eneuia.ii.ny nociaaoBy b cupaiii 

BoMBcrEa Aiisropua, skoio aacya^jyoaB boiibcteo, hk 3jo^hh, i Biie.iOBJiOBaB cniBiyiTS 

,.Hiat!U,hKiu RepaaBi", iri^KpecJBBura, m,o ,buhctbo 3po6.ieuo iya;imn,eM — Boporo* 

yKpaiiiciEa." „P o " i t a a n a V a 3 e t a" BMicmsa avi; b ,ibox lue.iax nepe^oBi cTan 

;i npHBOjy BiJiiscrBa 3 ni^-pec.iennaa, nio BQnBCTBa Mir soKoiiam ii-ilkm Bopor 

yKpaSaciKOI ftepHiaBii, He-VKpaiiieiiB. Cnen;iaJii.Hi yKpal'HC&iti aeaEfanii 0SBi,ia.ni 

Hiaciu.Knx renepajiiB i bhciobiuji in cBoe cniBMyTTa ia 3aaanii|ieCTyBajin Henpu^eTHicifc 

> KpainBJB xo BfliiBc.TBa. Soflcia bspexo nil m,oro yKpainciKo-uaTpioTiiiJioro xaCopy 

CToaaa ysp. e.-p. i.iiuit, tai i[oxBa.iK>Bavin biukok poc. c.-p. i raniOujii: iq>aBiin,to yicpaiu- 

>r.i:i>i jivM .i;],aiii -.ia n 3anofiiraiLBi[ nepez, Hiaunan, aaTyuiKyaanns ooniaaiKO-noiiTHH- 

Boro rapasiepy BOiuciBa i ymaeat BiSKpecJtfOBaiHfl HanioHaJinoroaoaeHTy Bn,iu cniiaBi- 









— 9(1 



Bjkg b iiepmoiy sejiei'ajrLHOMy ineai JiopoTtfin" (5. 1, cepiinii. 
1918.) yKpalEctKi c.-p. b CTari nyro^OBnj" imcaJin 3 npurn^y Mero- 
paHvo'ura BcejKpalHCLKoro eTTa^y 3excTB r T,o reTLMaaa: 

„Bce last (b Meaopaeajai) ecit. Oj,ne xiatKn 3aflyan iranone aeairi — a.e 
ci.a;;ani 101 ooBe<reo, mo bohh He auairaioiL cauoi reTBaaHmifBH, aaCyjiu npo re, 
m/> ,naa reTBaaH' — ysypuaiop i ciaBaeHHK lopHoi coTai, Bopor CMepTHiiii yKpaiii- 
t'LKoro napoay. Ta, aafiyra, i He aaOyjiu, a npocTO rotoai nifnrn nopyi He to mo 
3 .ncnuBe.iLio'jiirns', a 3 eaaiia ijij>kob no sopoai ,'t.o Baa;in i sa coiaBRtsy K>nn:y 
yiaflrii b ,j;epiKaBHLi£ pofiOTi' npojaTH cooe nepBopos,CTBO, cbo'I noaiTH»iHO-con.ifl;iiHi 
racaa i, roaoBHe, — jonoaorTii iHTepHairionaaBHHB i[iooji;aj]ino-^BopanciiQi« i 6yp- 
asyasflHx Koaaa iipiiKpiiTu 'ix ^opay poOoi-y .fleaoKpaTiitHoio', 5BOBio-6aaKBTno» tnipeuio. 

. . . .lerKO aposyMiiH, iosy, Bci ori ^oniaaicTii' i ,neioK))aiti', KOTpi b laca 
pesojuoniiifloro nisBoMy bukhabjih. cawi .fiMEmeauntKi' racjia, afla BftepiKaiucH npn 
B.iajL Tenep TaK aerKO .otpaiaiOTt npas' cbogI peBoaron,iBBocTB ; 0,3,111* iLibku 
aBJifleiica HeaposyHiaira : Koro xo<iyTB oG^ypnTn yupalacBBi tobkI noaJTHBH, yjL&niu 
HeBHHni)s BeaoBJWToE, KOTpi ne tBtXHh, no reTinait — n,e aapioHOTKa b pyiai 
'wpKoeoTeHHHs arpapi'lB xa ijiTepijan;iofla.TLHOi fiypasyaail, mo can ,nan reitiiaB', 
HaBiw. pOiiiyaiiBiniicB cboIm naTpioTHimia cepn.eM bU naasciiBora npnnaa,ajnia 
yipatHctKRi ,noaiTHEiB' 3,0 Moro ,acHOBentBoacB:«ro' n.ieia, sjtoace yaijiain In no- 
caftH xi6a cbo'i'x xaatepajiHepiB, iiOHTopmHRiB, naufiiaBine — ynpaBaniMHX Baacnnan 
■si iraati, a-ie hjhk ne (JiaBiue, t mo, uapemri, iopni cnan, Koipi ctohtb 3a reiL- 
Haiiost, noKH Bonn ataioTB cnay b cboix ppeax, hc noTpioyioTB aioicaiB 3 jkobto- 
6,iaKHTim3iH CTpiiKaMii, a SBepnyTtca xo unx 3a niajcparKoio b toB homcht, Koau 
chjih y lopnoro iHiepuanionaay oyiyw; sa caaSi upoiii chji npaaroioiBX. l ln 
yKpaiucBKi .seMOKpaiHHHi' noaiiiiKH oaiart Baie xy caa<3icii> .nopuni' i xoqyrL 
niwep^aTn Ix nauyBanna aa aacuH ntMaioK 3 uaucBKoro CTO-iy ? A kodi Tan, to 
3ipBiTL i3 cefie, nauoae yroROBui, coniaiicTHUiii i seMOKpainini ap.aiiiKis i ue 
jnBynTeca, mo HapU b «ac nepeniorii Has soporoa npoiKeite pasoM 3 rocnoiapsan 
i tx flipnnx cayr. He to2 Tenep 'iac, mofi ,ono3HD,ia Kopoaa' Koroct oC^ypuaa." 

Koan a: vtbophbch YKpaiHCtKniE HanjoHajibinrii C0103, yKpai'HCtfd 
c.-p. (inTepHaii,ioHa.iicT[r, he bohh ce6e BaanBajin) noBenn npora hboto pi- 
myiy 6opoTt6y. 

„Hame ])03TaiHHa Han,ioHa^BHO'i cupaan, npojtnKTOBaHe ocnnoBnuan nocTy.m- 
Taiaii MiiKHapoaHBoro peBo.iEmifiaoro eon,iaai3ay ia nnpa3no <jiopayaoBane npoipaaoa 
yilCP i noi'TaHOBaan napTiBmix optaniii, — nncaaa „BopoTL6a" (1. 2, acoBTeiiB 
1918.) b CTari n yKpaj'ncbKitil Ilanionaainnfi Cows", — npoBOsniL pi3Ky aeacy 
noiis: YlICP 3 cunoro ()0Ky i tumu nanionaaLno-seaoKpaTniHauH, dypacyaannaB Ta 
nceBapconiHaicTiwiiiKii itapTuwu Ta op(ani3aniaaH, aid CTBOproioiB Tan 3Bannii 
,yEpaiHCbKiifi HanioHaaBnufi Coroa'. 

Sk roaa iaea ,yTBopeHira Minao'i caaocTifraoi yKpalHCBxol AepataBH' (,CTaTyi 
y. H. P.'. § 1, u. a) npiiKpflTa aume -JiifOBua aaciaiKoa KyuenBKoro ai0epaai3ay 
(n. ii. 6 i B b § 1), ran i TaKTHKa Conwy, mo BiiaBaaacB jioci b oCfinBanni rroporis 
iiiambKOt Baa,i;ii Ta y ayapiix noairii'iiiiix itoMoiiianisx, asi nepecai^yioib HeTy 
yKpa'iHi3an;iI cytacHOl peaKn;iI, aaaicnt fiopoitSn s hom, — ae tuibkh 

BHK.lIO<iaK)TB S^S yilCP BCHKy HOHHHBiCTB CIUBpoSiTHHUTBa B ,Co»3i' (fl HOHTpi 

i b iloro ^Lriai Ha aicnax), aae fi eiannTB aansaniiaa napiiasm opfaniii r,\ 
ycix laeniB napTii pimjiy ^opoitfi t 3BnanBoa ,Coio3y' Ha ipy- 
liBHH 1 !! xacii, HeaniiHHe pos'acHemiH riBcBoro 3aicry .icTHHHO-yKpai'iicBKiix' 
ijefl hbt ,C0M3HHKiB' Ta nponatfaHiy naprifinoi to^kii noraaiy Ha upo6ai-Hy HaH,i'i 
Ta AepiKaBa. *) 



*) *opayaipoBKy „napriiiHOi toiku naraajiy Ha npoCaesy nanil ia 3,ep5KaBn" 
3DaxojHMO Ha noiaray ciari, any Bropi niiycao. „3a »iaciB BcecBiTDtoI Bifimi, — 
HHTaaao iss, — soan nepe^ He6e3neKOK> peBoaKmiiiflm saBopyineHB nociaBaeao Ha 
KapTy s a;l BBime naHyBaHHa GypstyaaiS, npOTH apoCTy coniaaicTHiHoi aitnil it Hau- 
.riitBiHM aacoOoa oCopOBy cyqacHoro con;iBaBHOro status quo e BTaryBauna npan,ioK)- 
ioro atony b pijEHOaaniTai Han;ioHaaBao-sep;EaBaHn;bKi opieHian;il. y aaB,i8 .Beaauo- 




— 97 — 



yjICP rjiafioKO nepeKtmana, mo yKpalnctKafi Hapia, He Mac no cyTH EHoro 
cniatuoro 3 yKpa'iBCEKOio JJepsKaBOio — see oajio ^b aoHapxaiHow, as nasi, m 
6yp!Kya3HO-peciiy6j]iiKaHCLKOio, npo any apimii. aaini nanioHaa-naTptOTii. EopK><iuea 
34 noairaiae i coaJHabHe BHanoaeHHit -- 3a aojoaBicTt aiapoKoro po3BOK> CBOel 
nanioBaabiioi, Haposaxoi KyatiypH, npoaeiapiai yitpaiiB, as i BcaKafi 
Bumuii iipo.itTapiHT 3a vaciB KaniTaaiaay, a e iat liinia, Bin anjae aac II 
3aB0MBaTH i apofiait n;e ho b co»3i a ,cbogk>' nauioHaaiHoro oypjEyaaiew, a b asop- 
ctokiH 6opoTt6i 3 He», b BeJHKiH BcecBiTiitii GopoTbdi npHrnoSaeaax npoia raofiHTeaiB, 
b iBTepaaiiioHaJitHO-peBOiiKiuiiiBiH CopoTbfii 3a 3pyHayBannH cyiacHoro aaiy i scia- 
HOBaeHBJi conjajiiaMy". 

IIi3Biiij;e, BepTarofnct b onm^u MixHapo^atoI CHTyanjI Ha nepe^o^m 
mpa me pas jo nopyuieHOi Tern (b 3BJi3Ky 3 jitoayni'oM BHaBO.WHHfi npn- 
rHO&reHHX Haijiir, BCTaHOBaeEii.it BOfomnMH jjepataBaKH), n BopOTt6a" nncajia 
npo Bi^HOCHEni na yKpalm: 

„IciopB5ni yMOBE atHrra na yapaliii cnpHiiiHiuiicn jo BiicyHenna b fiopoTtCi 
npaHroHwax aac nopai, a i^eero can,iflabHoro BU3BoaeHaa 3 ixeio BH3BoaeHHH aanjo- 
aaataoro. Ajie b po3BHiKy njcl 6opoTb6n, ocnCaaBO 3a ociaHHiu lac, saBiHKH pe- 



HepacaBHiu' poaio TaKoro saTyaanioioioro $aKTOpa BiflorpaBaan piacm Teopii ,k'To- 
pn^aux aieii'r, ,pacoBoro npH3aa<ieanH' i t h., a Taaoat necB,L0BiJ3BoiifcHi nosyufa, 
sa skhmh xoDaancb saxBaraaUbKi, rpatjiaiHHajEi iiaaipa. Iloabi u;ui,IH aco ,aaaax*, 
,aeicTopBiBHx' — Sypxcyaaieio b thx ae njiaai MapaHBO mapatbCfl Ta nisTpaay- 
KiTica ceBapaTHCTCbKo-canocrifiHimbKi TeHsenniil Ta npHmeiinKJiorbca napoaaia aa- 
caan cipeaaiaHfl a,o Han,ioHajibHD-ji,ep;KaBnoro 6y^iBBnn,TBa, — cipeaaiaaa, sai a ne 
Tiabttu lyiKBMH, aae fi b,Ltkoii Bopoataaa HesaaexHift juacoiriu no.OTH.ni npoaeiapiaTy. 

PiiKHOfiapBBi iiFH)3ii npoaeTapiary, seaaaai si apocroa Ta aainBennaa BJiacaoI 
jepHtaBH, npiiBOflHTb a,o Hauripmoro ouopiyuisay, 2,0 niatoacoBoro cniBpofiiTiniarBa 
fi npoTHtipupoflHboro ooEXKaaaa no ,Han,ioHaabHO-,n.ep;KaBU0By' ^poaiy, nacjtiftKOK 
TOro Bi,T,K]iuBaioTbca nxa naHyi>»fHx k.mic BiapoKi aoaaHBOCTU xpioaaaii aosaiKaan 
Ta .He3HaiHui!B ,pe$opnaira' ociaTO^ao npacaajiHTH peBOjiKmiflHail jyx napo^J' 
B yipniiyBaTii fioro Bi^. ainpoKoi ajiaaoaipHoI 6op0Tt6H aa noBny aepefiyxOBy cy- 
lacaoro aaaj. Ajie n;iHoio con;iHnBHHX yeTynoK, niuom hobkoI aucBiAanji pesoaio- 
njilnBx saaraab i 3aMiHn kjihcoboboi SopOTiOa ropomanciKH* itHpoa ae fl,oca- 
raitrbca TaaosE ataj,nax nojunmeHt b enpaai Bao,ioaaabuiB. HanjoaajibHaB rmi e aiKijr- 
.iiibhB aaa Mac ae tIsikk Toay, m;o ropoaiaflCtKi cbo6oji;ii sBOjiaTbca aa HiBen,L b ai- 
aoc^epi nan,ionajibEni oOiieaceBi, a.ie me b fiutmifi mipi TOMy, mo Han,ioHBJ6Hi 
ytucKH yipnMyiOTi. aapiji; b TeBHOTi, nepeansoftSEaMTb 3pocT>' kjibcobo! cbI^obocth Ta 
oflBoniKawTb yBary Mac Bi^ ochobk BCHKoro noneBoaeaaH — coa,iaJu.aoI HepiBaocia. 
B OopoTtSi BpHrHodseaoro JUO,iy 3a csofi BceOwae BHsaojieBHa HaniioaaJibHa 6o- 
poTifia (TaK cano, bk i noaiiBiaa) ay-can. otHce ipaKTysaTHCb, bk 3aci6, i ae aawy- 
naia coOoio kjihcoboi CoporbSB, tbk" 6urtaie Heflonycniaa aiftMiHa aero ociaTOHHoi 
aeia — BCTaBOBaeaaa con,iaaicTH"iEOro Jiaay, b aeacai BKOro aaaie aosuraBO 3AiBc- 
Henaa hobboI, BceOwaoI cyBepeBHo'i aoai jno^Hiia. 

B toB iae, hb csisoaiCTi aan.ioHajiBHoi Kpas^a KycaTb Bi^orpaBaTH poaio 
peBOJiroruBaoro ([taKTopy, Oypatya3iii noaimitH Beiaa caaaaa niTQBxaioii apoJicTapiaT 
RO RepataBHan;i,KoI ijxeonborii, aaaaaKUoqa floro oCiaaHKaafl aan,ioaa.iLBoro bh3bo- 
aeaaH biahxox coTBopeaHH BaacHoi aanjaaaJiEHot lepataBD. 3axouaeHHa racaoa aa- 
njoaajiiHoro aepataBnaiiTBa, po3CHBaioiH coni^apaiwb BCeCBiiHBOi TpyftOBOl jieao- 
KjiaTil i niaaiaioiuyu peBo.iion,iHHy iseio Han;ii KoncepBaTasnaa ab03yHfoa aepwasn, 
siftnae Ban;ioaajiBBiB Gypisyasil soaonoaiio aa eKcn.iioaianiijo aac b aesax KpalHn 
ia Ha iKnepiaaicTHiHo-3aBo"iioBHHn,bEy noatTHKy 3obbi. 

J!,epsRBa, bk iasa, Syjiafieaeiaaiaaoa uief escunoa- 
Tan;i"i, aHapaxiw noHeBo.ieHHa Oi/rtniocm BeHBiieTre, i a;eHTpajii30BaHa aan.iOHa.ibBa 
xepacasa m;^ b fliabmiB aipi, aia: ifieftepaiBBHa. Toay Baaraana coHiaaiciiB b cnpaBi 
nanioHaj!baiS aycait cipeaiTB ,t;o ciBofioaaaHH ciyniBB 3a cTynaea Bpa3aaHHa Ha- 
it,iona.ibHHi EoaeKTHBiB Ta ro nepejaii ia aaaiHoi lacTUHH ^yHKD.ia cyiacHo! ffep- 
aiaBH, aa: so nepeTBOpeaHa II speaiToio y ^esepaHiKi aBtoHOMBHi, aan,ioHaJibB0- 
aepcoaaj-ibaai (eKCTepaTopisMBHi) euiaoK'," 

XpuGTKiB. IcTOpil penpjwuit, III. 7 






CTaBpanil no ijipomy conia.itaax aaBosinanj. 1 npmps.ima atoaaitBOCTU aafiesneieaan 
Han,ioiiajtHBi 3floGyTKiB peaojiionii, yEpalHCtKi coa;uiiii!'TB'rBi napril BncyHyaa Ha 
nepuiHii "-iJiii mohciit AqiajaBHo-iiunioiia.'jtuuH, BiraBiiBiiia TaKiiM <hihom cniu apiGHO- 
CypacyaaaBH xapauTep i KpaSuifi onopTyniss, ncxynHanui b cniBpo6iTHHn,TBO a cyiac- 
nua peaKB,iBHHM ypa^os, agony nocaiAOBHHii conjajriau tlilkb i Koaie nporoaocHTH 
nei[pi)MapnmicTt a GopOTtdi. 

TaKe n.usepTe iiiiniuennii u;ui,ifjna.-ii>iio-,T, i 'p".i;nnniiui,Ko'i ^iaioHOaii yupaiHciKBi 
napTiii, no asyTb ce6e coaiajiicTiiiHiiaH, BiicxaBJiae Ix y lx CDpaBHCHioay iReonLoiHi- 
HOBy Buoaai, lya-oay i naBi'Tk Bopoasoiiy i^el peBOiiK>n,iafl:o!i GopoiiGH sa coniajtue 
BHaBoaenaa iipanfOMias. Cnipawiuci. Ha lyaioaeMiii Ko.ua i ypnji,ii b cbo'Ix aauyjiic- 
hbx Koa6inau,iax no 3sin,HeHHK> yKpalucBKo-reTtMaHetKOl ftepataBH, bohh aiCKpejiB- 
Ty»Ti i nifliiiuo »poi|an:vK)T)i cany iji,eK) HanionaabHoro BBSBOJienaa b oiax xpyao- 
biix Mac, k h j a » i a in odium im {jociiiciKii: jiinni c o n i a .1 i c ■ 
iiiuiii iiipiii, iorpi jociil icipiBo 11 a a b 11 .1 11 3 a 'i a c peia- 
.t kh i i n e p a j i i ii ii 11 inioBanxoro aaianaa i csiii i m n e p i a- 
iicnuo-neiipaaitis^xiiB bi b i u i 3 m. 

, , , . MoaeiiT BHMarac Bacyneima na nepe r nBifi naaa i^ei HbcaapojHi.o5 60- 
poTtCa cfliinitM (jipoaTOa npan,KijoiHx ycix Kpala npom eyiacnoro jiaay, HenpiiMiipa- 
mocth b n.iii 6opoit6i, pisitoro BianeatyBaniia ai,a, ycix Tax npoMc<KyioiHHX rpyn 
i napxiir, EOipi cboim yrofloBCTBoa i onopiy 11131011 posGnEaJOTi, ciijjh BcecaiTBioro 
npoaeiapiaTy, 3aTenaH)ioiL iioro Kaacosy cBij;o3iicTL i npHsyiuyioTB iioro oiy»:BtB 
hjtehm i BopOKBH iiosy dJjihh i lHTepecaa." („E o p o it. 6 a", ^. 3, JKOBTeHL 1918.) 

OTse — npaoroioHi m maioTb aa iaciB KanwajriaMy fiaThKiBnuitiii : 
bohh uraioTb Ii ^onepBa aaBOioBaTH i to ne umhxom yTBopeHHH ^niuiuro 
HanjOHJUHHOro $jpOHXy, a iuhcoboio CopOTi.Oou) upan,ioHWJix upoTn iho6h- 
Tejis b miaaaposffbOMy macuiTaoi. Tasojo dyiia noewpa jriBoro Kpnaa 
yicpalHCbKor ^eMOKpaTu, i na niii (Syaa nooyflOBaHa i TaKTirna JiiBim,i. 

EyAyroiH bch) cbojo poooTy Ha iHTepHau,ioHa.iLHiM I'pyHTi. Haio<nt 
aepeKOHaBJui, ju.o, jimeraTypa (Jypxyaaii' Ha yKpalm iubh,tjco 6y^e noBajiena 
1 mo peBOJiiouiiraa XBnjra aaxoimTb i eBponeficbKi Kpainn, jiibhhh yKpai'H- 
ctKOl ^.MOKpaTir HaTypaibHO shbo aiKaBHJiaeb i jeCaTyBajia b 'jaci HopnoF 
reTtMaactKoi peaKB,ii nnTaHHH npo MeTOsH sajibniHioi kjihcoboI pewziouiii- 
hoi 6<yporh6a na J'KpaJni, aoKpeia Baaaie uirrannsi npo pajyiHCbKy (popiy 
B.iasH. KosupoMicoBa H03i[n,m ]J,eHrp. Kom. uapTii, aauHawna b „li;uiT- 
oJjopBi", ana ipopjuaibHo o6cT0K)Ba.ia HapJtaiieHTapiii[» KeiOKpaTiOT i TijibKH 
yMOBHO, Ha iac peBOunonji, BH3HaBa.ia aoHijitnieib pa^HHCLKoi Bjajs, hk 
KeTOfly 6opoTb6H, He 3a#OBo;ibHflJia JiiBini,HX eze&emiB napTil. Ha am 
I'pyHTi S Hicn;eBHx napTinHHi (He.iei'aju.HHx) opr'amaaHias soxo^Hao jo 
jijate 6ypx,inBHX sedaTiB i poaxowKeHb, nxo lacoM KiHHajiHCb hutkobhthii 
bhxo^om onpesinx oci6 i hlihx i^>yu ai coajiy napTil. Jt,Jia npHK-ia^' 
BKaatejio Tyr Ha je6aTyBaBHJi aasHaieHoro miTaHHa Ha napriihiin Hapa^i 
SaptKiBmHHH 14. — 15. jihehh 1918. Tpyna tueaiB naprii rocTpo 
KpnTiiKyBaaa Te mcn,e ^n.iaT^opMH", ne roBopHTbcn npo ycTanOB'ii 3(3opn, 
i aaaHauajia, mo bch uapTiiraa npan;fl noBHBHa hth nyi; jibOayHfox „bch 
B,ia^a paAaM Tpyji;oBoI /leaoKpaTil", j, BifliioBi^io so HLoro, r^yna aanpo- 
iioiryuajia i cbobo peao.itoniK). PeaojKmiio 6iii>nricTKi dyjio OAKHHyro, nic.ia 
ioro i"pyna noKDHyja Hapa^y i ojihotocho aaaBHira npo CBiii Bnxi^; 3i cKiajiy 
napTil. B MOTHBOBaHiit aaasi niei I'pynn 3 npHBO^y u bhxo^v "ffliaeso: 

,,IIoKHflawtB (yfiepHiaiitHy Hapaay i oAaoqacHO bhioamh si eiuia^y Reae- 
JaabHOi iiapm y. C.-P,, »u paxyeao HeoOxiRHHK BKa3aia ri bothbh, 3aBAaKn seh« 
Rama npitcvTnicTL HaBiTB y noHOBJieHiii Heae(ajiHiS napii'i flanajii ue MoamiiBa : 

yjICP b ocTaiiHi <iacD peBOJKmii aywe CKOnnpouiiyBSLia cefle b oiax Tpy- 
lOBoro napoay, K.o BaaBJajioct ocoOjihbo nicjia OKraOpciiKoro nepeBopoiy. 3aaiieii!> 



— 99 — 



KoaJiiniiiuo'i Bjaj.ii, OKinfipcbKuii nepeBOpot BHcynya ratio BaajH rpyjtosol peBo- 
;]jon,iuHOl aeaospaiii; n,e racjio Gyao huhbto peBO-uonjiflno-coniflJiicTHWOJO nap- 
tjcki Pocil i 6yao mwepatasn t:.ilkh oKpeaHira ocoflaaa 3 MaentB yilCP. IIo3an,ia 
iiapTil B n,LnoMy ro Uboro lacy fiyaa hocbtl ueanpaBHOio, a Ha flini npaai Teiil 
b iiapiil 3aayD]BJH Ay Tewo, aanjiflKH ioay IJeHTpajii>nHH EoaiTei, a tukq-m Paa,a 
MiHicipiB i UeHTpaJiMia Pa^a, j;e Cyan nepoBajKHo y, C.-P-, noaeJifl Eau.iona.iie- 
TB'ioy noaitDBy, oflKflayaH sift ce6e TpyxoBi eaexenTH yKpalaH, KnuyBmn 11 ao 
rtojfcnieBHKiB. OcoGJfnaoro HanpyiKenna socarjia n,a naiiiTHKa toii, kojih TaK 3aaaa 
yilCP 3aBaioiBja cniany 3 fepaancbKHMB iMnepin-iicTaaa 1,3a Toro, moG sajyiaHTii 
loiiiii.iicni'ffly peB03ion;iKi na yupaiui. 

B odaHHi qacH, Bate nicaa yrBopenBff reTBaaHCHtoi BJiajii, yilCP aiBol ie- 
lil aaiaaact njajno pocnycmiB raHefiniifi CKJiaj, napiii i 3acuyBasa Bony leitfhzuy 
napriiD neBHHs jiwfleB, mo ain,Ho ctohtl ua (pyati peBoa»n,ifiHoro con,iHJii3Jty, aae 
3^0Ba oGpaHHii ueaeiaaLHHU HeHTpa-itauii KoaiTeT etM na ajsiijiopMy ne peBo.no- 
nifiay, npuiiBHBUiu TaKTHKy yroxooCTBa, BHCTaBBBmH b n,eH iaa;Kuii lac jtna pe- 
BOJBHil radio ycraHOBiax 3GopiB, kojib aa Baa^y pa.x Gopen.cs upoaeTapini i Tp)- 
X0B6 canaHcrso Pocii. 3aBj;aKH Tauoay uairpnaKy po6om boboi'o ll,eHipaJii.uoi'o Ko- 
KiTeiy, b napiiw Bxojprrfe oyBnii hjcuh yilCP, ni 3pajuiiKB Tpy^oBoro HapOMj, b toh 
EC Mac iaenn, aid ciostb aa naaTtjiopai B.iaan pax, 3 BapTii BifoioiaH>Ti.ca ; nepea 
HO hh ra,a,aeao, mo ,Il:iaT$opMa UeHipaataoro KoaiTOTy', b bklb 3a3iiaieH0, mo 
e^HHe peBojuoajfiHe rac.10 e racao ycianoBiux BGopiB, e naai^opjia yroflOBBBia, 
Toj,i as b n,en thhskhH jua peflo.afon,ii lac aeoGiijHO ciata Ha fpyai k.ihcoboX 60- 
poriCa i Becia op(aHi3an,iio Tpya,oBnx aac He b aapaaueHTCtBHi ycTanoBax, b ski 
oopyi 3 TpyaoBHMH eacnenTaBii Bio^e i Gypa£ya3ia. 

Mb, y. c.-p. aiBoi Te>iiJ, b aesai xaBoi napiii paxyeiio na^aai aaauniaTucb 
HenoautHBUM i noKasacsio II, a« napiiio, KOTpa ninma ae nuasoa peBoaxmiMHoro 
con,isji3a3', a nunxoa npaani pocificLKUi con;.-peB. Ta KeHmeBBKiB — m.iaxoa 
yroaoBCTBa." 

I],i pocxoflatenna i uiyKaHHii jicnoi uapTififlor U03irn^l BHHBHjTHCb i Ha 
BceyKpai'HCbKiir Hapa,ii EsicapiB YITCP, mo Bta,<5j".iac]> wsJiciajibEO 
19.— 22. i-L']mii:i 1918. p. 
■aSxe biik-iioiho Texnami 



*)y X01 Hapaj,a ia.ia hh uopfljKy Jieiniosry 
nnTaBBa i no npinin,iKOBnM JiiiTairafm peso.Tioniii 



ne yxBaiioBaia **), npore b 3,c6aTax i b npoeKTax pe3oaiOE,in ineojiLofii'iHi 
luyiiiHHH ia.ni BejniKe Hicn,8. Ilajod se6aTH BiaaiiKajio nepm aa Bee nH- 
TanHa: tb H&iet'aJii.Ba yilCP SMaeTtca djijikom hobok) j^eojrboi'niHO 
nap*rie», mh tLtijKH „BumyKaHOEO Ta BiApoAvKeHOio" CTapoio yKpalHCbKoio 
coa.-peB. napTiero ? MenmicTi. itpncyTHix Ha Hapa^i 6y;ia rial .yjiisii, mo 
TBopiiTbcrr uLtkom noBa napTia, 6i.ituiicTt ^oBojiura, mo i |opMa.n.in> 
ii i^eaubofnqHO HOBoro mqoro He tbophtbch. „Mn aainuiaeMOCb npii crapiit 
i^eojiboril naprii, — roBopiiB o,i,it ec npoMOBery. (t. CBiTJiaK)***), — 
i ri-iwai noadyeaeflOCL HaHOCHOro eaejieHTy, hkhiI ne Bi,i,noBia,aB naprifeHM 
BnMorajn." ,Mh mum BijmyKMH, Bi^po;inM cnpasafflio cboio naprijo — 
YilCP, 60 u aadpy^Hiian i HanpaBHJin b ayate i'fi pyeao Band «apTOBCbKi 
rocri", — roBopas ^pyraft (t. Epar). „B namifi crapiii naprii 6y.T0 



_*) Ha napa^y npaGyau fyCepninjitBi aapiiiiHi eaicapn KaiBmiiuu. Jlojixm, 
Bojibhi, XepcoanuJDU, IloaTaBmnnH, XapBKiBnwHH i "iepnariBHtiiUB i fojiobh! eai- 
capa U,. K. napTil no cnpasai BnyTpiimiii, 30Baiiaaii, Gouobhi, a laEOH! npe^ctaB- 
aine aitepaTypHuro Biflai-iy U- K, Ta CeupeiapiaTy napii'i — BCBoro 14 «M. 

_ **) Ha nopn^Ry ^eaHosy ctohjih raKt uniaHirs : I.^OK-iaia 3 Mien;!.. 2. Ilap- 
Thini opraaiaanji, 3. Ilpo napTiilaaa anapai. i. BiflHomeHBS ynGP xo hhiuhi na]i- 
tiii ta npo^eciHHnz chuok. 6, BoiSoBi 0pfaBi3an.il napiii Ta BuaonieHiia ho bus 
rpyn 1 eairapin U,. K. napTi'i. 6. naptiftaa KonTp-po3Bi,iKa ii ii opraai3an,ia. • 7. 
LnpaBa dUHKaausi napTiSaoro s'la^y i 8. Bi;Kyii cxpaXE. 

) HaBe^eni iyi apa3BHina npoaoBn,iB SBJisiOTica nceB.noBiaaaii. 






Ciaran;i>KO pocso^ero, — roBopniB t. B a p o h, — (iyjiii pocxo^aceHHa no 
iiHTaHHau HanionaiLHOBy, aeuejibHOMy, i mh niiii.in naji,T,ajri b poapimeaHKi 
u,n5 niiTaab, npasa s qaCTiraa Hamoi napTii sajinnmjiacb b Cciori. Hepea 
ue mh isaeso ceoe BsaacaTn iioboio Teaicio b CTapiii napTii." I thk jajii. 
BLibinicTt B3ajia ropy. Xoi i <5ea peao-iion,!!, aJie 6yjro HpHinnTo, nin 
HOBoro Hiioro ne TBopnTbca, Jiniue BUpojj^yeTBca wt Bi^uiyKyeTbca crape. 
Ha jijai a n;e 6yao He 30BeiM tsjc, kojih Mara Ha ynaai CTapnit napTiihrail 
npo/paM, yxBaaennii Ha II naprifhiosy a'i'a,j,i. 1 1; i pxi iniiiii npoi'paH Birpaano 
ctojtb na l'pymi iiapaameHTapHoro ^eaoKpaTH35iy i 6ypa:yaauoi peBoaioiyi. 
naMiiaio™ coH,ioicTii<niy peBOinon,iK> TkbKn hk 3aB^,aBHa ,weKoro Mafi- 
CyTHBoro. B Toil see iac napm b ni-iosy, b CBOlil npaKTHHuin ^.nshBOCTU 
niin.ia sajii, nepeso^ain hoboju Ha i^yni Bn3HaHHH cou,iajiicTniHoro 
xapaKrepy cyiacHoi yKpatectKoi peBoaion;ii, mo ft oyiro, mix iihiiiiih, aa- 
(j)iKcoBano na III naprifiuiii a'la/p, a TaKoa: i BHCTynaia uapTiimoi iJtpaKiyi' 
b neHTpa.iMriii Paji b kuui,! 1917. i b ciam 1918. p., kojh (JipaKnia 
^oaara.iaCb BCTaHOBJieHHa Ha YKpaiHi B-Tajp pa,i, poCiranHnx i ceaancbicnx 
^enyTaTiB. ~U\e saii, camo coooio poayMieTbca, iiuLia b ijjm Haiipjimi Jiisa 
Tenia yilCP, xoi i Hanara^acb yxaBara, mo b cvth prai m npo mo hobo 
He ftjifi. B jifiCHOCTH ac TBopuBca hobhh cmTomax,, HOBa TatrrnKa, xon 
aapo^KH Ix i MOJKHa Cyjio BiamyicaTH b CTapifi napTiniriu npofpam (b if 
lacTHm-maximiu 1 1 ) . 

XapaKTepmiMit HBJiaioTbCH flari jjeGara (mo bhhhkih Ha Hapajij uaqe 
d to noolsao) npo KMCOBy 6aay napTii, a caae — BKaaieKii GaraTbOx npo- 
noBniB Ha neodxij^mcTb He TinbKH noiunpnTH napTitay po6oTy Ha MiftcBKnn 
iijio.mTapiHT, ajie HaBiTb nepeHecra ueuTp II Barn ua upojieiapiaT a cejraH- 
CTBa. „Mh noBHHtti cnipaTHCb b CBoifi podori to-iobhum anuos Ha k-ibct 
podiTHiiHTBa", — roBopiiB t. Mo;i;;kh>k. r Mn hobhhbI uobccth ninpoKy, 
eHeprtfiny opi'aHHany upajyo cepe^ po6iTHnn,TBa, mo6 buohtii mohoiiojiIb) 
BuaHBy con,.-,a,eH. i oojLbnieBHKiB cepes #a6pnnno-3aBo;i,cbKoro npojierrapiHTy" 
— rOBOpHB t. t e a o, soiuiasaiiK no nnTaHHio npo napTifini opi'auiaauii' Ta 
napTutHiiil anapax. B him, 3BiPiaiiH.o, ne dyjro Hiioro ahbhoto. daioqn 
na noannp) couiiH.'iicTniHOi peBO.uou4l, hobhoi nepeSy^OBH KaniTajiieTimniuo 
oyuniiLCTBa na n;m;0M nOBiix ocnOBax, uapTia mycijia iuyKaTH i Bi^noBia;- 
hhx BepcTB, nooHKaHHx icTOpuiHO so u;iel BejtnKoI Micil, myeka HanoBuiiTn 
ilijiKoa KOHKpeTHnif, acnnsi aaicTOM Tpa r i,nn;iiffly napTiimy c()opiiy.iy „Tpy,],o- 
bhiI napi/T,", ana BHiiBiiaa aociim BeanKy eaaCTH^HicTb b naci peBo.iiou;ii, 
Bi^aBnrn nepeBary b napTii npaBimi. 

HapeujTi, iflTepecHnMH sB^flioTbca i jjfi6&m Ha aapajq npo Brieve 
b peBoaion,!! Han.ioHajfbHO-^epxaBHniy.Koro MOMenTy i, ji,o neBHoI Mipn 
b 3BH3Ky a sjfE, npo isi ^Houji'ima napTii' pp B ^epa;aBnnjy.KBx " yitpalHCbKiix 
eonjajiicTBaBiix napTiit i jo JiiBiix pociiicbKHX con;in.3it'Tji'JHiix na j» riii 
(SojrbineBnKiB i iriB. con,.-peB.). Ha u;iM nnTaHHio mh cuHHfl.mcb Bace Biime 
i TyT He 6y^,L'Mo noBToproBaTHCb HaBe^eHHflM npojios, bhiutoiul'hiix na 
Hapasi. Bci H.ieHH Bapa„in aaaHa^iajiH Heo6xijiHicTb posBaaanHM b peBo.iwuj! 
ne TL'ibKn conja-ibHO-eKOHOMinninx, aae it HanjOHajibHoro HHTaHHa, HapiKani'in 
na MapKcncTiB aa Ix aerKOBaaCHe BiaHomeHBa cane ,t,o CKnasHoro Han,ioHaJib- 
Horo miTanHa. Aae r ,T,epacaBHnn,TBo", as rojrafi jn>03yHi', hk canonjirb, 
BiflKiua-'ioca HpoaoBii;nMii ; uoajinja „yKpaiHCbKHX coioaanKiB" aacya^yBa- 




101 



jiaca, flK KOHTp-peBO^fou;iiraa. B toiI se sac BacysayBaaacb i TaoHKa 
pociiicbKiis CcibiueBiiKiB Ta .liisnx cou;,-peB. b HanjoHajibmfi cnpaBi, 
oco6.iiibo yKpalHCbKiil 

„3 Kim^HicTaMH (pociBcLKHsa), ani (SopflTiCs Ea;e 3 coniHjicTaua i Tex sb- 
jia»ibca napiiew AepataBHHUbKoio, mo 6opeTBca sa, pociacBicy sepacaBiiiCTt, a thkoik 
3 pocifietKUJiH jiiaimu con,.-peB., mo cipeajiaTt fiTii b Kyni s 6o.nuieBiiKaMB, 
cninpo5iTBun,TBO J.M Hac He xoxuHBe", — rosopiiB t. Mojkdi;. 

BoBpexa, 111,0-^0 pocifiebioix GojibiueBHKiB, to bobh aoBciu He Kopn- 
CTyBajHCb cnsiiaTiflMif jKpai'HCbKHx con,,-peB., i na Hapa,a,i soatna 6yjio 
Myra na 11 ajpecy, ak TaKoac i Ha a^pecy poc. jiiBHx coi;.-peB., rocipi 
aasa^n Be tlibkh 3a Ixbjo nan;ioHajii>By, aie ii con,m.ibHy nosLTincy. Tan, 
npnKipoM, t. Bpai roBOpira b cnpaBi BUnouiemia 5T1CP ao -"tinnx 
pociiicbKiix uapTiil : 

„a Jiiaa bU conioicTHqanx naprifi icinyicTt Koayuiciu, jo aKnr BiflHocHTbca 
i T»Ka napiia ,iuncHHHoro aenoposyminBii', hk napiia jiisHi con,. -pes. He noace Cyra 
0<SeJtBaHM 3 hhmb napTiflMH, 60 mh"— coujoicrii, boot x — komthlctb, mo Beflyrt 
3aB3ary Sopoitfly 3 coniajiiajco* i aasa, con,ia3iciaMii." 

JJia BnpiuieHHfi bcix Cojitoinx Hpiiiiniiirmiix niiTant, 3aieu;ieuiix na 
napafli, (iy.io yxBajteno napa^oro CKJuncaTn b 0.ina;»inii <iae V IlapTiiiHHH 
3'i3A. 3'l3,i; n,efi, hk CKaaas pflKaswnna no ntOMy niiTaHHio t. II p <}> e c p, 
Has B iiOE.iacTH nosy epy b amnio YnCP", Mas „cKpKCTajii3yBaTii i no- 
ivihuiitji vteoJiboilB" imp™, 

Tns ace lacoii, ji;o 3'Iajiy, iricia HaaBanoI Hapa^n, YIICP npoAOBaiy- 
Baaa ^aji cbok opfaaiaa^nno-nojiiTiPiHy • poooTy na mcu$i. He SBaacaroirr 
ne Te[>op P6Til8HCtBOro peatnisy, na poarpoM 6araTJ>ox impriuHirx opi'am- 
3an,iii i apeiiiT amramnga 'i:iems napxil, uaptm noninpioBajiacb, saKia- 
flajoiii CBOi opi'amaau,iI. hk Mia; ce.iHHCTBOM, TaK i Mia; poorrHiiHTaoji, 
i optaaiayioHH napntaaHCbKi aaroHii w oopOTt.6n a noMiinitni>Ko-KaiiiTa.u- 
chihrgki ^nKTaTypoK). 






Poafliji V. 

TeTBMaHmHHa nepen sarnCLoio. 

14. norjin(5/ieHHH peaitu.iT. Pas saBe^ena noMinrnn;bKO-KairiTa;iicTii'iHa 
HauiiiHa a xo.'io.yLoio, iiiitomub.) lit jbortiKOio npanjioBajia ji,ajii naj hohcbo- 
jieHHiist ipjjoBoro sro^y. Hi ce-ianctKi noBciaHHsi, ai raur ^Librae npo- 
T6CTB, .MMd'anii Ta nopa,i,B-BiiMoru HanjOHMbHOro Coroay ne moi'.iii cuii- 
Hnra iix, HaanaKU, I'eHepaj CKopona^chKiiH no'ias bxo^hth b CMaK reTi>- 
lanyBaHiDi, i itoro npeHep-aiHicTp .!bi30iy6 Bate saaBJO cniBpodiTmiKaii 
Hijieu,bKnx raaeT (ui^iac cbccI cepaHeBo! no r T,opoa;n ^o BepjtiHy), m,o „re- 
in'[iiiiiii!i nepjKSBHa <|iii]im;i yiqiai'iiif ai b ffKouy pani ne Mae rairaacOBoro 
3Ha i riiiiiH'', mo ..iiai!iiai;ii, B ypa^oBiix VKpaiacbKHx KOaax i Hafiiib B KpaM 
Maaa;e bhkih> 1 jho EtaHye noranft, mo reTbMancTBO, hk Tpajuniflny i jlis 
yKpaini! THnoBy (popay ^epaiaBHoro .tajij, Mae 6yTii sOepeajeHO." *) A jcpyraii 

*) 3 poaaoaa aoaorySa 3 npeacraBH, rasem „Berlincr Tag-blatt." 









— 102 



jrinicTp (muuctp BHyTpiHmix cnpas I. KicTSKOBCbKHfi) Bi^HOB-iflB CTapy 
DjapebKy „oxpaiiKy" am 6opoTb6H a yciiia, xto cmib b tIji iu HBjiiiil $opii 
BHCTynaTH npoTH n,iel „TpaflnnifiHOl i thuoboE (jropuni" jijutoro naayBanHfl 
fiypxyasii Ha yKpalHi. 

rtopyi 3 Bee hobukh 3aaBaMH npo BwtoiiJieHHa rpoMa;yniCBKHi i no- 
jdrii , fflHi cBoCi,!,, npo npHXHJitHe BijrHomeHHH ypajy &o po6iTuninx npo- 
^eciflHnx opi'aHiaanifi' i TOJiepaH*rae BipoinenHH 30 eKOHOMHHHHX CTpafiiciB, 
npo npHXHatiricTB p,o opfamB caMOBpa^yBaBHs, &o yKpamubKoi Kyju/rypn, 
npo BejiHEi Kjonoin ypjyy b cnpasi Ha^LieHHH cezia seinero, — nopya 
3 ycima npm n hhujhjih no^io'Emm a: .raneiiipiuiMn aasBaaii nposoBasyBaBca 
muriTimim Tepop, posranjuincb po6iTHH i ri npo<j)eeiinri opi'aHisan.ii, 3(5poHHOK> 
ohjiok) npinnnuuuicb eiconoKHHHi crpaikn (hk, nanpnoajL, BiuiaHirarii 
CTpafiK), p03raHHjincb flaai penmen Hapcaaix uaHOBpa,TjBaHb, unman act 
yKpainebKa KyjibTypa, ry-iajm, hk i Ha noiawcy, uapm sarora no ce.iax, 
3flnpajrHca 3 ceiHHCTBa K0HTpH6yn;ir. 

Ha uouiiTKy Bepecua ojjio o$in;iriHO oroJrouieHO reTtMauebKHM 3aK0H 
„npo amuy i nonoBaeHHfl" aaitOHy cpo 8 ro^. poO. jem, yxBajteHoro 
II,eHTpajibHoio Pafloio. „3jnHa" ia nojiaraia b noBain jiiKBia,an;ii 8 ro^na. 
poooaoro aaa. 3riflH0 a hobui saKOHOv, MiaicrpoBi Topry i npoiracaoBOCTH 
HaflaBaaocb npaBO o^CTynaTH o;j BHisor sanoay LteHTpajibHoi Pajp n,q-jj,o 
HopMH po6oaoro aau i BH r T,aBaTH npo ne BinaoBijipi nocTaaoBH. KopacTy- 
roaacb v,w npaBou, reTburaaebKuu uinicTp Topry i upoMUCMBOCTH a aocui- 

HIHB BHpodHTH (fi flpyrifi UOJTOBHBi CepiIHJl) 3aK0B0np06KT UpO BCTanOB-ieHHa 

OTaHasnflTBTO;i;nHHoro poooaoro aaH b BreTajHopi'nTOin npoaniaiOBoerir, Taic 
Barjiaa;ajio ,,3aK0H0^aBCTBo", KaaiTajricTaaaa a; npaKTHKa, Kepyioaacb ,^yxoM 
aacy", sonpoBa^acyBajia 'raity eKcn;itoaTan;uo po6iTann,TBa, mo uepeBepuiy- 
B&ia i reibnaHCbKi 3aK0na. 

KamTajricTU atfaBajiaeb BCe b Ticmmy ii Ticnimy cakKy BH3ncKyBa- 
aia. 16.- — 20. cepnaa Bia,6ysca B*fefl saBOSHmciB i (jraopnKaHTiB YKpamn 
(TaK 3BUHoro „Cy0 3i(J)a" — coio3a yKpaiacLKnx aaBOflimciB i <j>a6pa- 
KaaTiB), iiin rojiOByBanHfm a. Onyna. MeTOto a'is^y <5yjio Ticaime odej- 
naHHfl e[)a6pHKaHTiB i aaBo^inKiB pa u'nim ycniimioi (JopoTbdn 3 npo.ie- 
TapiffioM i BJiKaiyBamm b cboI Kenieni rporaefi 3 ^epacaBHoI CKap6Hnii;i. 
B»e b cboiM BCTyiniiH npoMosi roaoBa alayj, n. On;yn BKaaaB Ha „oc- 
HOBnnfi, nepBopo^TEira Ebmetiednemnuwi ftJia caisol kjhcii rpix — BiAcyx- 
iric.Tr. 3BH3anHjr 3 efljiocTH" siat KaniTajiicTaMH. 3'fBH BiTara reTbuaHCbKi 
MiBicTpH i roJiOBa ,JIpoTo4)icy" kh. TojiiujEH. npoBOBn;i mjycpeentoBajiii 
Heo6xi I iipicTb „esHaHHH npoMnc.ioBn;in 3 ai'papaoio Kjracoio 
ana oSopoHH 6iabm bhcokhx, cniiibHux I'm inTepeciB" 
i HaimcHim.oro cniBpo6iTHHn;TBa 6ypKya3iI b njjiOMy 3 reTbMaHCbKUM 
ypff,T,on. 3 '13,1, yxeaJTHB HiRKy nociaHOB mo-so ,,Bi r T;po,i,a:eHHa pipoi upo- 
mhciobocth", Mid BBosHTbca ^o WBaraHHH, mod reTbJtaHCbKe npaBHrejrbCTBo 
pia:HHMH aepataBHimH 3axo,T,aMH (sBijibHemiais KaniTaaici'iB Bin no^ai™ to- 
nio) i KontTaHH flonoMonto „36wrijiHM" KaniTaJiiciaM CTain Ha nora. 
I? Kim4 a'laji; yiBajinB tckct npoKaaianii ^o aaBoj^niciB i (JtaopHKaffriB 
3 aaKJiHKOM so cauoopi'aHiaanii i ode^HaHHa 6us „Cyo3i(|ia". B Tin npo- 
KJiHT«ai];ii mis: hhiuhm roBopnioCb : „nepine iipoMiHHfi sepacasHOCTH, mo afc 
(iwiiima-io Has HaurnM Kpaea, sae Ha«i» Ha Bi^po^ateHHa Hainoi HaniBMepTBOl, 



— 103 — 



spyfiHOBaHOi, aHJimeHoi ofSpotfjiaioHoi nponiojiOBoCTH. Tarap Ho6ijiiaan,n, 
Tarap cdniflXbHHX cnpoo" air na n jmeii; me <5ijiliuhh Tarap nenae II 
a,ajii — oy^iBHHHTBO aepacaBir. PeBOJiioa.iiHi naann npMHecaH 
gai JiHiue poapyxy. Hexaii a;e neit thkkhiI nocBin He 
iHHe ^apeMHO, h e x a fi h i o 3; h a ip a 6 p h k a, Hi ojeHaaBOfl, 
ii e .TiiniHTBCH no-aa c o 10 3 o m Ta opi'aHiaanieio; Hexaii sci 
aeaHatOTBCH b e ,t, n h ii fi o p i* a h i a h, akhh fin air bhcjiobiith 
cbok bojtk)." Ilepej aaKpiiTTam a'lany Oyao o6paHO Pajiy Bceynpa- 
iHCbKoro Coiosy ToBapiicTB 3aBos"uiKiB Ta 3?a<5pHKanTiB. 

OjtHOiacHO sUSyBajn cbo! s'la^H Ta Hapajiii it hhtui I'pymi BHancKy- 
iOTOi KJiaca: ji;oMOB.iacHHKH, numnapi, nosomHKH, aid BiiHOCMB cboi pe30- 
jmouil, rajraaasHpi Hnan reTbaaHCbKiiii ypaji, so Bee (Sintmoro i osBepTimoro 
oniKy Banna iHTepeeaan hhx i"pyn. I reTtnaHctKnii ypaj; cniiiraB aonoMorrn, 
yjiiHTH cBoel 6aTbKiBctKoi yBarn bcim BiiaiicKyBanaM i raoo'HTe.jaB. 

B Bepecai oyao yxBajieno BiipofkeBiifi rtoaoBJiacHUKamii (ilia rojiOBy- 

BaHHHH B. ^bHKOBa) HOBIlfi BHCop'lUfl 3aKOH IipO BHfJOpH HO MlfiCbKIIX JIJM, 

aKiifi BiM'iBaB Beet bimhb b opfaHax aiiicbKoro caaospajiyBaHHa Gypaty- 
aail. B acoBTiri reThaaH yxBajiiiB snpo6jieHHH noaimiiKaaH (nti; rojOByBaH- 
Haa KHHBfl r -x i n H h a) aaKOH npo hobi Bnoopn 30 bcmcbkhx caaospajiy- 
Baw., aKim aeiCTBa nepe^aBajiHCb ,t,o pyu uoMimmuB. 

CaaB«03BicHnJ1 „aeaejibBHfi aaKOH", yxBajieHuir reTbaaHCbKHM npaBH- 
T&ibCTBOH, aainuraBca e^iraoio oanaKOK) TypCoT fenepajia CKOponaflCbKOro 
npo ce^sHCTBO, ko.hi ne paxynaTii Kapunx eKcnennnin. noaimiiKH snepTO 
ne xotlih nocTyniiTiicb xoi HUM-He6y^b a cboIx „CBaineHHux npaB" na 
aacTKii. Hapajia aeMneBJiacHJiiUB, ni,o Bi^fiy.iacb b cepmri mcaui b jrim- 
CTepcTBi (pmaKciB i ofimpKOByBaaa craryr ^epsasHoro 3eue.ibHoro BaHKy 
(kotphh Has ^onOMOraui noaiffljiKaa y ciipo^aacy aaeTKiB), b cboIh peao- 
juuuii 3a3Hann.ia, mo Bona „BBaa&« itpn icTHyBaHHio ^epacaBHoro 3e»ein.Horo 
BaHKy Oy,i,b-HKy iipiiaycosy cupolas aemii jyia yTBopeHHH aeaejibHoro 
<j>0H,ny HenoTpiOnofo", a TaKoac „3aueBHae, mo noopoBiarann nponaa; aemri 
BHCTapiaTHMe u,lhkobhto, JUp6 yTBopuTH $oh;t; BaHKy jyin lafifiyTHioI nap- 
neaaHjr ft poanponaaiy aeajri ji,pi6HHM BJacHHKai". nicjia nief Haj)a;i,H mi- 
iiicTp aeiejitHJix cupae aaaBHB, mo „ni npo ah'e npraycoBe BHB-iaeMehEfl 
npirBaTHo-B.iacinmLicnx aeKe.ib roBopnTH He noBOnBTbca, oo na pimKOBi 
CBOCTepiraeTbca npoH03nn;ia aeae-ib uo uopiBmoKHH He^oporflx H,iHax" 
(„Po6. Taa." h. 361, 6. Bepecaa 1918.). 

BejinKiiH noMimimbKiiii a'laji; (3 HeBejrnKOK) jipiium 010 ceaflHCbKOl 
KypKyjibHi, Koxpa Bn.raBy Ha a'msi He Maaa, son i He aaBrne ood^fef- 
Bajiacb a noMimHKaMH), mo Bij6yBCa Ha nonaiKy ancTonaj],a b KniBi (upH 
yHacra feHep. CKoponaacbKoro i jriflicTpiB), lioTBepjpB i poaBEHyB pe3o-iio- 
Huo 3ra,n,aHoI napa^n iioiniuaiKiB iipii urinicTepcTBi ^inancis. B peaojaonii 
3i3xy b aeaiejibHiH cnpaBi Miac iihiiihs iiiTaeMo: 

„6. Hpa enepiiuHomy nepeBeaeHHi HMmeaasHaieHHi 3axoAin (b])C«bt, atpoao- 
*H<jHa aonoaora, citacvBaHHa cepBiryiiB, ypefyaiOBaflHa openAB, nocepesanniBo se- 
■ejiiHoro 6aHKy npn BlimiH KoBijiiaanii aeMiii) scnxe npH«ycoBe nepe- 
P' t "PSjiaiHn teieii, Cjjie aaiiBHB. Paaoa aanac 3eMe» aocarae 
700 thcki jecHTHH, to6-io issol KbbitociH, BKa kjih njisHOMipHoro pocnpe^iaeBiifl 
*i;k Mi6opo6a«H noipiCye ne Majioro cTpoKy. HerafiHe aita^se rthbmeuaa n;&oro 
^OH^y nose^e tijukh so Toro, wfl ain 6y,ne aewaia HeBHKOpucTanBM. 



— 104 



7. IIpuaycoBe nepepocnpesiaeHna 3 e a ji i He tuiikii 
3 a fi b e, aae & se KopacHe sna aaiiiaeHHa spiofloro ciaBCiKOro rocuo- 
aapcTEa, 60 nepejCaiae aOkiioeHEa sseajieKopHCTyBaHHa ae TiatKii rax, mo Bainm 
laaafiHyuaTH, a noroBOEio scix, ito Mae Benin neanol Hopaii. 

8. Mho t o r 0, uiojii npnaycoBoro nepepocnpeniaeHtta 
a e a .1 i He liJtlKH 3afiBi i 11 e k n p 11 r 1 11 i, aae fi 11 e 6" e .1 11 e 1 h i, 
nosaHK 1101111 nopyuiyjoiL 11 p « n n i 11 11 ]i it 11 a t 11 'i n .t a c 11 c t b. 11, e fi ujm- 
11, i it 11 b n h e n 6 y t h n e s 1 p k a h h fi, i sepacaaa nomiiiHa oGepesiio so 
iifcoro si^in n:iiTiict, nasiirasi'i u, m, iiin n BipiJanoB clioro jep- 
acaBHoro i c lay Ba h n a." 

TaK ociaTOTHO fiyjio noxoBano 3eneJttny peipopay — „3afiey, h6ko- 
pHCTHy i He6e3ne5Hy." 

Bch Kpalsa ropiia ji,ajii b noaiyal noBCTanL, eKaeKyn^ii, nojiiTHiaoro 
Tepopy, HanpaMeHoro iutobhhm mhhom i b nepuiy iepry npoTH yKpaiHctKOi 
Han;ioHajn,HO-CBiflOMOl peBO-nonjiiHOi' jjeiroKpaTir. 

J{eh xapaKTepHCTHKH Toro, sk posBHaaJincb flajti no^ii na MicD;aT, ho 
sacuo Tyi (ga JttBiBCSKHM ,„Hiaon" 3 28. cepnra 1918.) ypuBKii 3 eir- 
KpHTOro jiHCTa no^atcbKHs rpoMajym (nifl d;hm xhctoh <5yjio 75 ni^iraciB) 
fto reTbMaHCtKoro irimcTpa BHyTpiunrix cnpaa, b HKosry roBopiiT&CH case 
npo re, aK peaKD>, poaropHysniHCb, ^npmepTaJia noptf£Kn" na Uo^lujio: 

nBaiyiH yitpaiacKKy npecy, ana s° I0 S HTI > SO Hac 3 KHIaa, aeH& y sshe no- 
KOHt^icKOBaBy, 3 6iaHMH naTHaaa a(5o i cTopiiiKaHH, aBepTaeMoci so Bac — ainicTpa 
yKpalHCMoi jlfifMOBn — ^epe3 FaaimtKy yicpaiHy i uosaeao Ban so Bisoaa pas. 
npaB^HBHx noftiii, aid saion, nicn,e na lloftijiaio, — uHcaaii rpoaasaHe 3 llosuuii so 
aiaicipa ,CBoe'i ,T,epiKaBii'. 

J' k ]i a 1 1: c h k si fi napoj 11 ji in. 11 t i. e a a a t e p i a a b h 0, a ynpa- 
iiciny iHTeaiteaniio ytojyjuci 3 ycix ypa^osiix niciji. 
1 miEHTi.ci t i .1 h k a n K, e, m, bdii yKpaiHctKa, He Koacaa 
CKa3ain, jn,o(3 aiiay utoro iiohoch™ aBCTpo-yropctiri BiiicuEa. Bohh Ke 3Haioit 06- 
CTaBHH i y Bcia noaaraioTi Ha iHtp/opaaniax yKpaiHCBKHx ^ejiacasHnx B-tacieii, a 11 
BJiacm, saSpiii Ha Ho^iaiB biudiiq a IteiKKopociB, 
6 y b in h x qaioiiHiii 3a iiapCLKuro p e x 1 1 y a€o 3 iioitiiHii- 
k i b, Eopoxui y k p a 1 h c b k i fi }{ q \i ;ic a n i. I ue ypsjy Bamui BiA'iJ'BaeTl.ca 
TaK: noaiimHKii 3rojiOBiyioTfcCa j,<> uobitoehx CTapocria i 3aaBJiai0TL, mo xothte cth- 
rara KOHTpnflynii 3a sano^iafli In ibkohh. Hobitobi MapocTH, ne poaraasaroriii 
cupaBH, He nepecjiyxyioMH ceaaH i fies KOBiciaHoro on,iHeHHa ihkosh, BiffHOcaTbca so 
aBcrpiuciiKoi biHcbkoboi KOMaHsii npo BiBctKoay acucTeHn,iio. Honiin,JtB osepatye 
>n:Ty aBcTpiiiehHiix caa.uiTiu, i,^e b ee.no, npiiKa3ye cejaHaa aiCpaiuca Ha oi.iiciKiiii 
cxoj, i oroaoniye, mfl cejiane aaiOTt sanJiaTaxii Bony xany-To cyay so 4 a6o 6 to,t,hh, 
lacost nposoBatyeiLca pe^enenE so 1 S-Go 2 shib. PiaHO'iacHO 3anoBisa»TB, mo, 
kojih ceaflHe He 8Jioa;aT]> HaieaiHOi cyaa b aasHaqenia laci, to 3afiepyTi in xysooy, 
nocajiaTs s° nopan, cnaaaTi ceao i t. h. I, sittcHO, cnpasa He KiHiaeTBca na 
caoBax: no ynnHBi na3HaieHoro KLiBKaroflHHHoro ^acy saiHHaioTs BiBcBKa dpaTiica 
so ^iia — b oshik ceai apeuiTyiOTt aiosefi (aanp. b ceai rpiiijK aaapeinioBaHo 
19 jnosen), b apyriM safiipaioTi xysofly (Hanp, b ceai 3aBasiBn,i BafipaHO 
70 niTyK xysofia), a kuibko Shttb sisHaxMi, niose, to pii SBHiaiiHa. ^e-KysH ho6h- 
bjuoti, a»nett jo KpoBH (aanp. b ce.ii Sniiifai hoShuh tsikko yKpalBctisi 
CTpa^HHKii, 6yBiai no.iin,eficbKi aa napctKoro peacuaj', J.lBaHHiKoio, II. P a- 
qiiHciKoro i daraTO HHrnax). PiftKO xto b ceaan BisnaatnTtca cnnrara, ana ko- 
aicia ouiHHJia HiKosy, , ra noaLmaK aae npaBO craraTH fi cKiaiKH. BaiaKe 3aaHTaana 
3 aicua apeuiT0Byk)Ti a6o OioTt, as 6yHT0Bm;aKa. HaBin ne aojKHa Toro sh« bhiIth 
3 ceaa, 60 eci biosh fi bbxosm saMKaeni. 'I'aKau ^bhok, cTaiou, noaiin.HKH caai cys- 
SaaH b cbo5x cnpaBax. Bis Utoro neaae wajinoro nopaTyHiey, He noMaraioTb m 
npoxaHHB, hi 3axoRH; niiTO ccjibh ne Buciyxafi. lIo«iai,iiKn HaiuiasaioiB K0Hrpa6yn,iI 
SOBijilho, 6e3 atasHOl KOHipo.ii. 

Hasiii. aBCTpifictEi naaCTH aanpnaiTHun, did aoai- 
mHKH xoTBTi eijCeii cofli Ha ceaaaax Bee ie, a;o cipa- 






— 105 — 



t ii ji ii ia biiiii], 1 HaitaaxaiorL c t p a hi h l cjih Ha ceni, 
3 to'l npii'siiiiu jaudpoiiH.'jii Bona cboIh nnaiaax opfaaaa n&n&m BiBciKOBy jonoaory 
paiilni, Hiac 6jpfi aoBefleno Haraajtno, no i cmbbh aanoajsB htkoih:, Oaaaie aa 
jyai Toro hixto ae npasepacyeTtoa. JlomimHKH craraMTi He riabKH xe, mo BipaTHjm, 
ajie b ana-ipa paan 6i.itmi cyan, aid bhhocbtl Ix njae aaiino. KoHTpHOynj'i 
joioflaii b ne-nsex ceaax i a.o aiaioaa KapfioBaHnia. Oxnn noainniB — H. — aa- 
niJiCBKoro noBwy noiBaaaBca, mo ftoro niae nanao aaao aapiicTi 150.000 Kap6\, 
a bih CTarnyB cofii 250.000 Bap6. B ceai FyKOBi naaoateao 20-000 Bap6. linBKB 
sa ,Bnnac' aepraoi kohrbihhh Ha 40 secamiHax, aOTpa a npaqaaH nocyxn aoncia 
ho spo^HJiaca. He aaa^aiB no 500 pyoaiB 3 a,ecaTHBK . . . B ceni ^afiitoBi aa- 
aoateao 610.895 uap6. KOHipHfiynji, b ceai HecTopisnai — 237.434 Kap<5., 
b c. TpHH^ys — 254.600 Kap6. (II,ianB ^LntBapoK iaKH b tLb ceai aae 46C) aecai.). 
ApeaiTOBaHO 19 aKwefi. Jlroae 3aostnaH sace 117.000 uapfi. — oi6bh,hho, npoffaan 
KOiii, itopoBH, moo" aaiuaraTii xany cyay, a fiiaime Base He aaioTt rpontett, i Toay 
19 i»seH cH^aii. b nopri. B c. 3aaian,ax Haaoaseno 633.000 sapfi. i i. a,. 

HaBiTi. yHeaaatHKiioTL KynHO, aaMKraeHe 3 aeaeaBHmaii KOaiTBTaaa b ^aci 
yKpaiactKOi PecnyfiaHKH. B ceai J? y a e h n, i npoaaB aeaeaiHafi komitct ceaaHaa 
jcpcrea a aiea no 75 koii. aa HBepTKy. Ceaane aanaaTH.iH 3,o6p0BiaiH0 aa; no 
2 sapfi. 50 Kon., a Tenep atHa-opeasapi xaftaa Bia, hhi ho 20 Kapfi. aa OTepTBy, 
yaeBaacaKMiB aasHe Bynno, mo npoinBKTLca scaKoay npasy fi aBcipifictKHM npanH- 
eaa, soTpi BapasHO roBopars, mo aoatHa ciaraia KOHTpKoynii tiiikh aa po3rpa6oBaHi 
piiH. 3aKOH npo yiBopeHita imiacoin 3eaeaiH]ix aiKBi- 
Abdjhhhx KOMiciH, nianacaHiril reiLaaHoa a,na 15. .iiiiie!, 
30Bcin ne Bisoipuci. BiH aocTasca aepiBore dyKBOio. 
rpoaaxaa He flopyiaroit Koniii npoiani. noaimnKiB npo BiamKOftOBaHHH, ae unsaa- 
tyioTL a,aa ral cyjoBHi aaiB, Hixro He noacnae ceaaHaa, mo bohh aaioTL npaBO 
BijKaHRy nociaHOB jiobwobhi Boitieifi s° (yCepaiajnaoi Koaicii, tsk wp ceaane B3a- 
raai ne Maioit HiaKoi amora flopoHHraca. _ 3, o ceaaH ipKio^sn nana 
ii o m i m h k a i opeHaapi 3 Bijjisami BiftciKa aa egieiynil, 
BBKiyioTi, ceaanaw neiH^eaii cyan i aapaa-TftKH cisra- 
h)tl opyacHOio ciiok)..,. BK3eicyn:iaaH lafiapaioiB saa io- 
MinjHKiE xyao6y, KopoBH, aeMOB 6h b paxyHOK BinraKoso- 
BaHHS, HasirB Bij; Bftis i xajioiinii enpii, Koipi niaKHit 
ijioi He idiii Spain y^acrn b s a j h ii i rpaCyHiai . . . 

CeaaHo onoBisaiOTi i cBapacaiLca, mo .aio^efi 6kitb, aaiiaKaioTi b nRBKHui — 
raaai Ta TCHai, aacTaBaawit podaia naHmaHy', mo bis KonipHfiynia ia nofiBna 
,ceaaae KMarott csoi pijini xam i lisaioTB b aic i xxo Byaii nonaB 1 , m° i 3a Ha ^" 
BeaiuiHH apociynoK aaseB ciasaaTB no hih» y Boay'- ■ ■ . *) 

I aincno. IlaHmnHa Bate Bnomi nopayaa. Cent ro- 
hbtb jo poSoiH na nanciii nil, fia3 oraajy, ih caoe noae 
ofipoCaene, hh Hi. HejiaBHO Basan noBiioBHfi ciapocia b KanaHn,i na noa,iaa» 
naBmn3HaHaa yiia3, b atciB rpoaaTt yKpamcbKoay aaceaeHHio, mo soacjioro, KOtpHH 
He 6yae po6hth naumiiHn, saaiae aa laacKi pofiom b ABcipiio i HiaewraHy (Oroao- 
meHaa 3 19. annna 1918.). 

111,0 ripme BiftHomeHHa tux saacTefi no yitpalHCBBOl 
iHteailenn;iI. BaciaHe roaocaosHafi aohoc, mo aMiiici yKpa'iHenB -- afhaiop, 
mo6 Boro yKpaiacBKi Biacui apeniiyBaaa ii aepssaaa Mican,HMH b nopal 6e3 eysy. 
Ocofi.iHBo aaacKo TepiiHTL aapo^ae BiBTeatcTBO. yKpaiHCLKi aep^aBai, ^m paame 
noakn,«n,iKi eaacTH na nojiaaai, safiopoHaioTt BnciaBU, naBiTB n;apcBKOio n,en3ypoio 
soaaoaeai yKpaiacBKi neca (a« po6nTi ne nOBiioBafi ciapocra noaimaE BpyOaen- 

l k a ii i BaiaatHiiK nepataBHO'i aapra BeaaKopoc H b i n; k i «). To ii ,hWh 
yKpalncLKi' ^epacanni Baacm aaflopoaaiOTi afiopn JlpocBiT' i hoxoshtb r o xoro, 
mo uaBJTL Ha BiHTe.iLci.Bi KypcH BHCMaaiOTB aanapctKy cioposty, asa b pymaaiiaaH 

1 oafneiaan ch.wtl na ae^iax (Bpa^aaB). B Kaaan^ apeniTOBaHO poaHomnKa 
yKpaincBKHx khbjkok b. r p h n, a a aa ie, mo pocaociiB yKpalHCLiti KHuatun Ha 
npanopygenna ryCepHttaol aeactKo! ynpaBH . . ■ 

) IJ,e aicn,e 3 aacia (ocoSaiiBO onOBi^aHna ceaaa piatHHx hobitib, jo pein, 
wotkobo GKOH^iCKOBaHe raaaniKOK ^eII3ypoH)) az nepesaeao Tyr y CKopoTOHato. 



^^^^^^H 






— 106 — 



11 a'la.itiuiKii jejiM.-aiiiini Bap? ua yKpaSacLKi niiTaiiusi BiaiiOBUaKiTt ; ,rOBO- 
paie ko sat tojiiro aa ofimenoHHTHOM'E h3hk1.' Po3BH3ano HOTiipi noBiTOBi yopaBB, 
HO dyaa b pyaai yapaSBniB. B Ojiiroaoai aaxineno a ypaj.a-i Bci yapainciKi 
aannca aa pociiicLKt .... 

1 1 u 1 1, i -i i m 1 1 1 1 .1 i .'i -i » ii e p e ii o ii b c » i t m p » u 1' k p a i i- 
K u m ii, a k i email Tax 6 e 3 bciko! biiii. J^iiinjao no n,boro, 
mo aBcipiucbKa KOsaa^a BBfla-ta Hana3, m;o6n ae aepeaoaaioBaTB uopem neBiniHiisii 
jnofttMH, flo ^iiinijio bjkb 3,0 B Biflona, mo apeiaia poCiaxica 3 lipiiinsi ocoChctoi 
eomCtb Baain aoMiiuBKiB. Aiie n,e aiioro ae aomarae, i peaKn,ia JHoiye ripaie, ih» 
aa n,apcBKiix 'lariii. 

Otb,! ipaKiB BO^aeao tubkh bk apaK-iaAn so sijuBa uaaosi miBieipOBi apa- 
jhojuiiim CBOC060B, saujinMi'iawiii, 111,0 TaKiix (paiaiu voiKua aiflpaTii Tiicn>ri. u 

Ee3nepepHBtti (hhkh ma; yKpaiHCbKiiM nOBCTaBiimii TpysoBiiM ce- 
mhctboh i niMen,hKO-reTbMaHCbKnM BulcbKOM nepexojpjin Bxe b cnpaBaai 
601, ayace HacTO 3 BaiOTairaffM apnuepil. 

aao^uiHiii HiaeubKo-aBCTpo-yropcbKi teBepajiH to jnaocepsa Bnry- 
6jnomjm b thx ooax He liibKH yKpaurcbKe iipanjoK»He HacejieHHn, ane 
fi Hinenj.KHx cannariB — thx se npoJieTapiB Ta cejisra. OoopoHa j'eHep. Cicopo- 
naxctKoro i noMinyrn;i>KO-KaniTa.ticTnqHoT snicraTypn na YKpaiai KourryBajia 
HinmflM syse (5araiy>K0. Hasm niera o<J>in;LaiiL)iHX cbosok irii«eu>Koro 
BificbKOBoro niTa6y noiffrao b thx (Sous Oka 20.000 uiMeu;bKEx caji^aTiB. 
Po3CTpLnoK)"ni ceaHiiCTBO, BHnaaioio i iH uijii ceia apTnaepieio, Hiwen,bKi 
feHepaiH BmcraKajiH jo msientKHX Bifici.K CTpaiimy HenaBHCTL 3 6oKy 
yEpaiHCEKoro cejiflHCTBa. „HiMni u i nouinyiKn — nj A^a jmniua 3jnnnicb 
b yaBi cejrHHHHa b e^HHuii oopas juototo Bopora, jikoto Tpefia 6yao hh- 
mflm 3a Beany n,iHy i Ha BernuM aricin. „HiimiB" noiajin 3a6HBaTH npn 
BCflKiii Harojij, hk thx 3JiosilB. 1 n,e mean Toro, hk npn IJeHTpaji&HiH Pasi 
yKpaiHCbiQH semoKpaTu" B^a-ioca 6yao depTH b Haposmu yaBi cjiish asep- 
aiaHoro i uonacTH HenpHXHJibHoro BkHomeHHH HacejieHHa so HiimJB, bh- 
KJiHKaHOro wrnptoxjiiTHboio bIhhoio, i HanpaBHTH po3bhtok BaaenoBisnocnH 
nia BiiicbKanu I^eHTpa.ibHHX ^epaaB i yKpaiHCbKnM Hace.ieHKHM Ha ulihx 
juoshhhx, B3aeino soCposHimix buhochh, BmaK) i iaio , iiix BCHKy Han;ioHa.ibHO- 
moBiaicTniHy BOposneiy. Ta xi6a mj»ei;bKHX feaepaJiiB, hhx thhobhx pe- 
aicnjoHepiB, BipHM eiryr Hiiieii^KO-aBCTpo-MasHpebKOl (Jypxyasii, ofixosHia 
cnpaBa BCTaaoBJieHHfl spyJKnix bishociih una; npanioioHHMn MacaMii HiaeiinnH 
fi yKpalan! Xi6a im aiKo^a 6yao Kposn HiMeii;bKoro poSiTintica b caajiaT- 
cbidH unnieji i yKpalHctKoro cejiAHnna, npojbiaTOi b (Sfinax na cueaai 
i b ceaax yKpalHH? Bohh 3uajin, mo CBoeto 3jioihhhoio pofioTOio 3acsy- 
acaTb jacKH pociTlcbKO-nojibCbKO-eBpeficbKOl Ta yKpaiHCbKol' oypatyasii i 110- 
HimiiKiB Ha yKpaiHi, BflaJiH, mo Sea nj>oro oypHyasiH Ha yKpalni He B^ep- 
atHTb BJia^H b cboix pynax, m,o I'en. CKoponascbKirii i«OMi'in';i.ir,no 3^eTHTL 
3i CBoro CTijibn,H — i n,boro im 6yio socHTb, n;o6 BnryfxiioBaTH i Hiaeni- 
khx cajr^aTiB i yKpaiHCLKiix cejiaH-npaH;LOBHHKiB. 

IIopyH 3 KJiacoBOio, oonjiimHo-eKOHOMiiiHOio peaKu,iero, iiiiijia peaKnja 
i HattioHObHo-HOJiiTuina. CTyniffb aa cryiiHeM .liKBkyBajiHCb Hau;ioHajibHi 
peBOJtioniHHi 3sodyTKH yKpalHCbitoro Hapo^y, nis roaocni bojibh reTbiaaH- 
CbKoro ypasy npo fioro „caaoeriHHHH;bKi" noanuji. Ta 3 qacoi i u,nx 
MnesipHHx aaflB He ctslio. IDs ocint 1918. b mMen;bKifi npeci nonajiH 
noflBaHTHCb Bee iacTim,e h qacTinje ro.iocH 3a HeodxisnicTb 3mHH niien>- 
koI no.TiTHKH Ha exosi EBpoun — e Pocil, IIepe:iflKaHa Mo^iHBicTEi uiiicbKO- 



— 107 — 



Boro po3rpona AHTaETOto, HinenbKa tfypacyaais nonaia myKaiH cnocoore 
j,o sdjiiiaceHHfl 3 Poeieio. 0;ibhm a Taraix cnocoGiB uaao 6yra smmpsm 
caiocriiiEHX lepras, mo nOBCTaaii Ha Tepem 6yBiuoi Pocil npn Tin in 
HHiuitt ynacra HijteiiiiHH, i BiflHOBJieHHa eftHHOi Pocil. 3 niel npmHHH 
3 BeiHKoi „npimr;ibHimi" caaocrinHOCTH YKpaiEH mien,bKa peaicnbnia 6yp- 
aiyaais poCmiaca see fiiaunM noporoM 11. KoncepBaTimna nisenbKa npeca 
noiaaa iincara, mo ,,He aoa;e dyin 3aBaaHHai[ irijieiijiKoro ypa;iy iipothbh- 
thch CTpeMJiiHHast YKpalHir n miiimx flepmaBHirx ofijiacTefi ^0 noBoro 06- 
esHaKHH a BeaBKopocieio" („Neue Freie Presse", „Der Tag", „Vossische 
Zeitung", „Frankfurtei' Zeitung", „Kreuzzeitung", „Berliiier Tageblatt" 
ii nnmi aa cepnenn i aajibiui Micani). JUp-sud raaeTH (an ot „Ber]iner 
Tageblatt" bU 28. cepnna 1918.) nonara roboj^th, mo mia: yKpateu^ira 
i MoeKaaaMu HacrijibKn uiniiiajibHi pisHinp, mo ,.p08£ui nnx ibox Hapo- 
flis He lacibca Ha aoBro y^epataTH." 

TeTi.Manci.Ee npaBHTeabCTBO apaflko 3 Tairoi bmIhh (ftpoEry mnen^KOH) 
Gypsy a3ieio i cirijiHBime nonajro saTaraTH Ha mothb „e,ipHOi He,nJ!imioI 
Pocif. „CaiiocTinHHK u JInsoryfi, — - npeflciflaTcib pap: BinicTpiB, npo6y- 
BaKHM b Eepjrim (b cepnai aicsni 1918.), uocfliunm saaBHTH cboim Hnienb- 
khs uaaaM npo roTOBmcTb reTBiaHctKoro npaBHTe^BCTBa dIth Ha <t>eaepa- 
Hia> a Poeieio. B ^Berliner Tageblatf-i (By, 19. cepnna 1918.) s'hbhjio- 
ca BejniKe iffrepBro 3 Jtaaoiyfoi, ;n;e .faoryo' aan&iaB, mo KepyKra MMa 
Ha YKpaim b cnpasi BipociiH ^0 Pocii cToaTt Ha I'pyHri nepeacaaBCi,K0i 
yKOBH 1654. i mo sa <5a3i nj&oro aorosopy MOxyTb 6yra yaoatem <$»ea;e- 
paTHBm Bi^HOcrani 3 Poeieio, a tokoje aaiuiioieHO odoponno-HacTynaTeJibr 

HHH C0K3. 

iHTepsro ne BHKviHKaJio njay nciiTH^Hy aanipioxy Ha yKpaim. Pociii- 
cbKa npeca Sea pnEHiini HanpflHKiB Brraiia BHCTyn JTawyoa; yKpaiacbKa 
— BHJiaiajia otiypeHHH i HesajoBcieHHa, wiBmiwm Bcnni 6aaa T iKH npo 
([le.iepanjio 3 Poeieio b toh nac aGcyp/pHMH, ocofiamo Ha I'pynTi nepe- 
ae.iaBci.Koro TpaKTaiy 1654. HanjoHajibHun Coioa otojiochb rocTpnfi 
npoTecT npOTH 3aaB JlnaorySa, hk „HeBijnOBiftHnx jpuchocth Ta iHTepecaa 
yKpalHctKoi J^epmann".*) OfSypniKCb i yicpainjy, naenH Bi^eHCbKoro nap- 
JiaiseHTy. Jbiaoiyd Hycbj nneaTH cnpocTOBanHfl so Hiiien^KHX raaeT, mo 
Hems 6h po3M0Ba 3 mm 6yna nepenana He bobcim tohho, mo bih roBopHB 
npo MoaoiHBicTb (j>e,T,epaa;iI 6ixhm a TeopeTn^Hoi Tomn nornaj,y i to npo 
TaKy (feeiepaniio, aKa aoBeia He iiopynryBaiia 6 caMOCTumocTH yitpaiHCbKOi 
,3,epa;aBH. Ta cnpocTOsaHHa hIkoki 3 yKpaiHnJB He 3aji;oB0JibHHJio i ne 
ameHnnuio paflocra Bcix „icTHHHO-pycbKnx u . Pacjio n cj»eRepauJQ u 3 oyp- 

*) Ocl 3»icT n;toro npoieciy : „yKpa!aciKHM HanioHajiEHHu Co»3, 03HaSo«HB- 
hihcb 3 saaBaora tojiobh Pa;i,n MiiiicTpiu reTHtancBKOro ypaiy i CysniH m,H BpasinHBS 
p;as 3aaB, skhhh npoKJiaHyenca HoataHBicit 3Ba3Ky yKpalaH 3 Poeieio, a, aKaiflTt, 
i poChtich norpo3a cnpaBi CKpinaeaBa caMoerifiHociH yicpalHCSKoI JteparaBH; koh- 
CTaTyioiH pa3Qn s riiM, mo ciosa $. Jtaaoryfia cyirepeiaTt ai^BOBisaHM o^in,iaJiinHii 
saaaaa $, Iiisoryfla i ttoro KaOiueTa iyr aa yKpalHi, a iaKO» asepraioifl yBaiy 
Bcioro rpoMaianCTBa, ^o b 0E(ian,i Hamoro MiacHapoRBioro i BHyipiniHBoro ciaHO- 
BHma Bci napTi'i a opfaBiaaBiii, aiti BioRflTi b yspalKCi.EHH HanioHaJBHaii C0108, 
ctoait n a 30BCJM Hiiiniii noaHnil, Pana ynpalHCBKoro HanioHaaiHoro Coiosy bhhochtb 
CBiii npoTCM npora npx aaaB, an ueBinnoBiflHHi xificHOCTH Ta iHiepeeaM yKpal'HCiKOl 
AepwaBa." 1 („PoG. Taa.", q. 351,' 24. cepima..l9l8. p.) 



108 — 



atyaaHoro, MOHapxiiiBoio, peaKniiHOB Pocieio, — .iboayai', hkhh 03HaiaB 
(ftaKTIlIHe iJHHUteHHH yKpaiHCtKOi ,n,epa;aBnocTii, IIOBHC B HOBiTpi. 

B r T,epxaBHoMy CenaTi, b Pajij MimcTpiB HOBejH noxi^, npora yKpam- 
clkoi mobii. Pocnoiaiy Cyiio *ia JiK>j;c&Koro OKa „yKpaiui3an,iH)'' aepamB- 
hhx op^amB upHnmniJiK. IIpOTecTii Hanioi&JibHOro Corny b cnpaai nexTy- 
BaHHH ypfljOBHMH yCTaHOBaHB yKpainctKoi mobh He cnpaBJUMH xajyioro 
Bn-Timy na ypa,n,OBy nojimiKy b qui lmnpHui.*) 

B toh se nac nonajiH naonpaTii nee Ci.rau ^Tpyastoro" xapaKTepy 
BaaeaioBijTHOCHHH iiat rcxtsancbKoio yKparaoio i JI,ohom, 111,0 caae BiB bobssij 
Bifiay a qepBOHoio Mockobuiiihob. 3hociihh 3 BceBeiHKBM BiiiCbKoa ,T,oh- 
cbKHM (sk HasBam cefie ji,OHCbKi KosaKH, aopi'aHiayuamimch b aBTOHOMHO- 
Aepa:aBHe tlio) uoiaincb a jioeiiTt Kyi«e,T,HOt hotb reTbrnancbKoro ypsjsy 
HP OTaMaHa /^OHCbKoro BiiictKa, ua^icjianoi b kibhj jihiibji. B ujii HOTi 
(mflnncamil 4>. Jn3ory6oM, hk MiHicTpoM-iipesH^esTOM, i J^. ^opo- 
ineHKOM, ak ynpaBHTe.iejr MimcTepctBa aaEop^oHHiix cnpaB) reTbuaHCbKHil 
ypas BHcaoBatoBaB cboio roTOBHicTL BHSHara ^OHinmiy caiiocTiiinoio j;ep- 
aaiBOK), BCTaaoBHTH 3 aero CTaJii KOpjjoim i aasecTH ^oo'pocyciji.ciiKi bhochhh, 
BHCiOBviroio'ni b Toil &e nac cfiil aajit a npHBO,iy Toro, mo b ^eK-rapaD^I 
BceBejimtoro BiucbKa ,3,OHCbK0ro ^OHimma nporo;iouiyeTLca „caMOCTiitHOio 
^euOKpaTiraioio pecny6jiHKOio" Jimne jo „yTBopeBHH eji,iraof Pocil b tIh 
hh HHUiiit $opii" i mo b 3ro;ij 3 h,hm „JJ, 0HCI,Ke BifictKO nponOHye bcim 
aepasiBaM BH3Hara floro npasa Ha caarocTifiHe icTHyBaHHa t1.ti>kh 3,0 qacy 
yTBOpeHHH b rifi hh HHiniii (Jtopari e^HHOi Pocil"; reiLMaHCbKHH ypafl „BipHB, 
cnoflisaBca i mnpo 6aaaB", mo6 ^oHJwiHa BH3Ha.ia ceOe ijltkom i Ha bci 
nacn casocriimOK) flepxasoro, Hicaa njei hotii noiajnai aiBasi shochhh 
km npaBHTeiacTEaM rtHepaaa CKopona^cbKoro i ,T,0HCbKoro oraiana I'eHe- 
paja KpacHosa (ne 3BaajaH>ra Ha Te, mo ,3,0HCbKe BificbKO He „bbo- 
jihjio Boai" reTbitaHCLKoro npaBHTe-itCTBa i hc apiooct CBOei eAHHOHeaiJiiui- 
'lecbKoi ^emiflpaHu). 7. cepiiHH 1918. 6yjio nijiiHcajao rtpej,CTaBHKKaiin 
ypa^j yHpalHCbKOi ^epacaBii fi Ypajiy BcesemKoro BificbKa J^OHCbKoro 
yiOBy, no sKia PoeTOB-Haji;-JI,OHOi», Taranpor i bch ^OHenj-Ka ospyra 6ea 
arojm Haceaenna 3aEpinjiHjmob sa BceBeanKra BificbKOM JI,ohci»khm.**) 

IIpo ip> „3aKop^OHHy u nojiTiiKy reTbuaHCbKoro ypa;iy p Po6iTHHHa 
ra3eTa" (v. 356. 31. cepnHa 1918.) imcaJia: 

„HeBisoMO, b niaix uijhi nam ypn^ uiiauaB JtoncbKy jepaaBj i seifsmn 
a neio y BaacMOBianociiHii. UJo Moacaa 6jjio 6 spoayxim ne3 spoK, kojih 6 Bin 
,T,anan skicb Bnro^H yKpalnctKifl xepataBi n Yi Teire]iinintoiiy butms\. Oihek i nboro 
Hexae. nisnin;e yKpa'inctKHB jps^ nianacaB 3 ^ohom yro^y, no flriu Bi^nasaB Sony 
Bci sacejieni yKpa'incLKHJi napo^OJi aemii /(ouutuini . . . jl.onci.Ki peaKi;ioHcpi[ nparayTt 

*) B irpoTecii-BifloaBi 3 npusosy 3awaiiB he yKpalHemy nosy Han,iouajttnHii 
Cores iiucaB : „BoporH yKpainciKOt acpataBHOcm, KopacTaKtiH's toI aTXOc<|»epii, awa 
3apa3 aanaHj-Baaa b ypa^oBHi Kojiai, pasoa 3 oAuoijacHoio SaHjyaiiciR) xe-HKBX 
npeiciaBHBKiB BHin;o"i ypaftoaoi BJiagw no i;i.oro BaaaiiBOro ninaBUB, a noiacTH i iipn 
aBoifl se-Koro 3 hhs aonoiiosi, BaiBBaioTB Bcix 3axosiB, mfi6 bUuhth y hobb j'Kpai'ii- 
cbKo'i ri npasa, hk! IB Ha.ieacaT£CH aa yspalai no irpaBy, hko mobh ^epataBaoI . . . 
HanioEaiiHHfi Cows neBCH y ria, m;o yKpalHCBKiiit napoj b ofioponi npas cBoro 
cioBa, cBoe'i mobii syjiifi a*TH HaJiexHiiii onip aoporan yKjiaiBCTBa." Cows aojia- 
raBcn AWi Biuaiiun aanoay, jikhb On Binna'iajiHCL npasa yKpafncLKoi mobii, sk sep- 

KaBBOl. 

**) yoaaaB rpaKTST a floHmafloio c,-§. C. Ill e a y in u. 



109 — 



HO aoBoi pecTaBpan,ii aopeBo.uon,iHHoro cianoonma, bc6-to i jo uouesoaeKHa yKpaiHH. 
In aoacj'Tt ate dym y hhi hkIcb cuiaBHi imepecii z skhji fiu io ae 6yao ypaa,on 
afio jpaftOK caMocriiiHol yitpaiaa ? Ma i u moh6ht 3aajiK><!enHa yroa,a yKpaiacLKoro 
vpa^y s ffOHCtEHM EBaiKaJLH hki yrojiy TToniiaKOBBM KpOKOM 3 6okj yicpalflciiEoro 
ypajy. Tenep n,a nOHH.Tna naCipac Baie peaaiaoro saaiiaaa i aarpoatye casnm 
a;HT«BHJi ittTapecam, hk yapaiacBKOi aepwaBE, TaK i Hanii." 

yKpaliictKHH Han^OEajrbHan Coios aanpOTecTysas. Ha aaci^annio 
Cotosa 30. cepmBi <5y.T0 yxsaJieao b cupaBi ^ohiuhhh pesomoniio,*) b hkih 
aaflBXffaoeb, mo „yspafBa&e rponaj;aHCTBo to napoj iriKOJLH He irpiiMiipHTb- 
ca a (joktom BuOKpeM.ieHHfl Ta uoseBOjeHHa yKpaiHctKoro napoiy Ha JIoh- 
io,Hni u , i Bnararaaocb neperaaay yMOBn. 

Ta cnpaBa ihiua ne jp neper.T.a;iy. Te, mo cnoiaTKy Moxe <5yao 
y,jia KOrocB m aoBcisi 3p03yMi.m11 b CTOeyHKax ma; reTbisaHCLKHM ypajioM 
i KOHTppeBOjiKmiiiHnM ^ohom, r T,a.ii Haolpaao Bee HCHimnx tfopu. 8 toji 
Hac, hk HanjoHaiBHiiH 'Coioa CKaa£8B cBifi npoiecT, I'eHepaa Cicoponai.- 
ctKnfi BBnnBaB no napni 3 npeftCTaBHiiKOii BceBeaHKoro BincEKa ^ohcbkoto 
i'eHepa.ioK T Iepa<ryKiHra, n ii<KiiiBaKraH u aroiy. „^ppKffl" siiHocnBH 3 ,3,oh- 
miiHOio nepexojpjin b HJJiKOM npiiaTe.Li.ci.Ki. Ha 3acijaHHH> ^ohcbkoi'o 
BificbKOBoro Kpyra (b HoBdiepKacbKy, Ha nonaTKy Bepecmr) nocoa YKpaiHH 
feaepaa Cepejr,nH oroaocnB rasy r rpaiory FerbMaHa YKpaiHH 1 ': 

„3BepTaroc£ a,o ■*£ BOtHKB ii OTasann BceBSJiHKoro Bificma ^ohclkoio, 
8 mnpHH npHBiTOM aauiBJi — yctoro aapoay yEpalacbKoro. Oct p03KaxnyaHCH 
Moryriii apaaa opaiB Yspalw i ]los& i niaaecaHca sacoKO nifl cane coane ; aoaopoM 
.leiitn. Bonn na,i, cboimu apySaoBannMn aeaaann, iraaBBO cai^Kyioin sa BOporoM, mo 
cie po3(5paT, aHapiiio i oparoBOBBiy aifiay. Ma n a .1 i. h o ciijKjcuo u 
noporoi, aipnao, mo bcjibki me chjiu ; TBepao 6yaa aarapTOBaaa sojra y aac 
KoaaKiB, hk hc bhjkki uepeatBBaBBa MHHyaoro. nponnae THXKe ausoaiiTS, i aacranyTd 
acai ani. TiiBa floi aijimci s yspaiHOio, mo aaBiKB 3Min;- 
liuii <ia: hhsh oparepcBKi noiyTU ii BftHaHHS b CopoTtOi 
3 noporoi. i Mia: ipstu RBoaa xepataBamt naHyfiiTHHe Biiua BpHa3B6. ^aB ace t 
Bo,h-e, yKpinatn SpaiepciKaii cores aa dasy yKpaiaa i ^oaa, i lofti sac He 
rrojojiaioTt bIskI cuih. AaiBB." 



*) Oct i'i sxici : n yKpaInctKufi Han,ioHaiiiBuit Cok>3, ciowiii as. ciopoati 
jepataauoro c5e^HanaH scboro yapaiHCiKoro uapojy, aoBisaBnrHCJb npo aonepesaFo 
arojiy ypssia yKpateu la BceseauKoro BiBetKa Aoucbkoi-o, ho aiciB to aioji ip« 
nKjiyrii; PocioBCBKa, TaraHporctKa i ^oaenBKa, sajtioaiB eai 
aausEe niaaon yapaSacBKHM Haceieiim, BijtaiaKWTBca 
«oo Boai aaceaeaua bij( yspalEi i sij^aioiica nis Baaay 
aonctKoro ypa,ny, mo aoafiasaae iiobbhi nn;iiTH'iuiix irpaB yspalactKe aace- 
.lenim, b ki/ilkocth 6ijiime hk niBtopa aiaioaa a»,ie3 ; (Sepyia nifl yaary, mo aiiHi 
a,a OeanpaBiiicTi yEpalactKoro uaceaenaa aa flonmiiBi aBJtsfiTica 3aKpinjienoio uim- 
napo^Hin aKioii (an Biftoito, 3rUno 3 n. 5. aonapeauBo! aroflu, yKpaJiictKe nai-ejeiiHa 
J,i)iTmnnn KopaciyeiBca raKaaa npaBasta aa ^osntHHi, akbmh KopncTyBaTiiHyTi.cn 
juHctKi K03aKit aa J'Kpaini, n,e6-io Kopiaue yKpalaciKe aaceaeHHa irpapiBHeao 
b jipaBas 3,0 MyacuaniB) ; BH3aai04H, mo yxoBH npo Kopxoaa, npiiiiaari n;ieK> nonepea- 
HtoKi sroaoio, hobbi cnpiiaTJiDBi, Biac ri yjcoBH, aai Cyan BactaBaeai pocificiEBJi 
ypaj,oa, — BBMiae, mo yapaJHCBKe rpoMaiSHMBo ia aapia aiKoaa ne npHBBpaTica 
3 faBToa BiaoKpeMaeaaa ia iroaeBoaeHHa yKpaiHctKoro aapojiy aa SoHnpai. Koh- 
cTflTy»'iH, mo Jranyaoro pony KafiiaeT BuHHuqcBKa 3 aepsaBHoio rtAHicTKi fiopoBUB 
npaBa aainoro aapoay ra ^oamimi i xonoMir Boay aioftyre co6i noairaquy pUflo- 
npaBBicTB (iipaBo aa caaoBpaiyBaHiia Ta ysacTt b opfani3an,ii Bamo'l KpacBol aaafla). 
yspalaciMi Han,ioaaaBBHa Cows piaiyMe BHMarae, mofin npH CKaaaaaai ocraTOiHol" 
3TO.T.H a JoHmDaoH) TBepao 3amnuauca upaaa VKpalucticoro aapony i no 6yao XO- 
nymeao aoro noaesoaeaaa T a oeanpaBiiocm " " 



— 110 



„rpaMOTa" d?i BHKJtHKa.ia oyiiHy partem, ^ohcbkik peaKii;ioHepis, m 
MKe nepesiynajiJi HOfii^y aa^ lepBOnoio Mockobbtjihojo i chjjjih Ha «dv 
upo „ajiHTTfl" ne tlibkh ni 3,0Hy B yKpamoio", aae i BCJX KpalB tiyBUTOl 
Pocil b eflHHy HenojikbHy pocificbKy aepsaay „B fifi in iramiit" jopeBO- 
jnoTiiiini <popiiri. y BknoBijp. Ha fl rpaMOTy" ^OHCtKHit oiaim BianoBiB 

TaKOK) npOMOBOK) : 

n TBinu floH cepffe^no aaisye yapalay ;ia II npBBii. Bin jtopornii naM thm 
Ci.iime, no ycpania nepma Be no6os.Ta.es BimiaTH BcesejiHKe Biitei.K0 jI,uiicLKe 
caMociiiiHiiK i BesaiexEim b i ,i CobitcbkoI Pocil. CepjeiBa 
yqacri y aaiiiux KpiaaBm rpaias ,T,ae Baa uajuio raaarH, mo cicopo 6ya,B toc, son 
in 3 i j .i c k o c a bcI patoi b oiuc aeiuse u i .i e. 

Ko;ii! aapoaseyBaJiact BoauKa pociilcLKa ^epataua, sua Min,uui BaproBHi ctooxd. 
omioioM no rpani pyciKiii, asa Oararapi miIbclkhx — ,il,o<5p«Bfl Hhkuthi xa I.iaa 
Mypoienb. 1 iKaianaca is Taiapiia noraBiifi i Co.iOBefi-poafiifiHHK. Jlps, cjaBeiEBX 
uiilcLKa Oeperan Kaioii semi pyciaol — BiiictKo 3aaopi»:cLKe i Bificiiso sohclko. 
IIuo;i,i Tpya.no Cyjio naflosi roTwaflOBi — bib MBKaa OTaJiana xohcbkodo fiony ao- 
BOHorrH, — i KpoB aoaaia aaaacs no oEpaliii aeM.ii pycBKO'i, i ^epBoai acynaBB 
railj^maKiB Jtimaauca 3 caauui acynaaaMH .zoacbKHMH. I Koau aaiyityBaB oopnuii aacKOE 
SOhcbkhE OTaitan — sia KaaaaB aa *IopHe Mope i qaffuu aanopoacnjB. 

Ajie 3anBca flon s Pocieio i BHairaB uapcM cboIm MaxaiSaa •feAopoBHia Po- 
nanoBa, — i caasaaa pasoM 3 JJohom yapaiua : ^bojihso nix, n,apa aocHOBCBKoro, 
upaBOcaaBBoro", i aapo;r,nauca Ha yKpalni BiiBaatiii cmBpofiiiHUKii Ileipa — reiBHaa 
CKoponaacLKHB, i napoa.Uj]HCH Mopa,OBen,B i ^aHi-ieBCBKiiil, i na aiiBniii pociiicBKiH 
bob! sacnisaB npo yiepalHy roroaB" . . . 

TaK po3nin(JipoBpaB hohci>khii OTauaH xapaKrep, snamEHS. i ujuit 

„Jtpy3KBJX 3Bfl3KiB", HK1 BCTaHOBXJLlO rCTMaHCbKe npaBHTejn,CTBO 3 ^OHOM. 

CuiubmiH Bopor — CoBiTCtica Pock, cnijrBHa meia — BkHOBJieHHa: exmoi 
MOHapxH-nioI sopeBOJiionjfiHo! Pocil, b hkui CKopona^cbKHii Mir fa paxyBaTH, 
mo Hafifiijibiue, Ha TiuraacoBe n Bi,n,BajKHe cniBpofiTHHn,TBo" 3 hobhh „co6h- 
paTejeH" pociflctKOi ftepjeaBH, a yKpalHctKe HaceaeHHa — Ha sacBoeHHa 
„ji,iBHoi pocifctKOi iobh u . KoHKpeTHo E, cBorojiHa cnpasa iimjia npo 
cnLibHy BiitcbKOBy <5opOTb(5y B caiocTii1flOro ^OHy" i „camocTiiiHOi YKpaiHii' 1 
3 ^Boporonf, mo cie po3CpaT, aaapxiio i 6paT0B(iiiBHy Biinry" — 3 OoBiT- 
CbKOio Pociero, a BcepociiicbKOio peB0JiKH,ieH). 

flcHo nicjis ujoro, nr,o HacKuibKH r ycniuiHH«n u 6yjin neperoBopw 
reTbiaHCbKoro npaBirrejibCTBa 3 peaKnJHHmi ^ohom, BOCTiibKH 6e3peay;ibTaT- 
hiimii, saTHSKHDMn i 6e3npe;peTOBHMH 6yjin MnpHi neperoBopa 3 CosiTCbKoio 
Pocieio. BHSHaio 1 !!! caHOCTiinricTb r Il,OHa, Ko.in bjh can HaBi-rb Toro He 
xoTiB, BiscTynaioiH JJoKmiiHi mcjia. o^Horo pociepicy uepa nLii OKpyrn 
3 yKpaiHCbKHM HacejeHHHM, re-rtMaHCbKe upaBHTejiLCTBO b toe ace Hac j,o 
CMkrfloro r aiDiM.<X& aa Benny js$i6miqo b neperoBopax 3 ^ejier'anieio CobIt- 
ctKoi Pocil b KalBi, BHMaraao m% ocTaHHtoi s'acyBaHHH „ropHjpraH0l npn- 
poji;H" jepsaBnoro ycTposo CoBiTCbKOi' Pocil i tomj nofli6HHX „My;a;pHx u 
pineft, uepeniopioio'Di unpoBi neperoBopH b TeopeTHyai, qacTO mKoiy He- 
noTpifim i KyMe^ni licnyTn.*) ,3anicn> supy, reTbaaBmnHa roTyBaaacb yjo 
BiihtH 3 CoBiTCbKoio Pocieio (7). 

Taic nonurtMHOBajiacb con,ia,ibHa peaKHM i ni.a^OTOB.TioBajiacb nocre- 
neHHO i JiiKBiaan,k HanjBlfc.ibHHx BaBofioBaiiL yKpaincbKoro napojy. YKpaiH- 

*) Fojoboio yKpalncLKoI MiipoBo'i ^eaaVaitil fiys ceHanop C. HI e s y x a n, 
skhh cboImu BUCTynaMH ua aaci^aaaai jeaetan,iii naaaB He Maay poaBary rpona^aHaM 
b ti cyMBi ts aeseceJii iacH. 



111 — 



bh'a jjjepxaBHicTb Kg oiftX ni,T,KonyBaaacb b caanx cboix ocHOBax. CBIeaei 
(BaTaatOK yKpameBKOi ccrancbKOl KypKyjiLHi) .napejmo nocniiaB fieaicOHerai 
r SJii6opo6cbKi B jejiei'aiqf .no n acHOBejihJioacHoro nana rextMaHa", AapeMHO 
r T,opiKaB „Xvii6opo6oBi" JnaoryooBi, mo fioro nojiiTHKa cynepeniiri. „flyjncaM, 
BHcaoB.ieHHM n. reTtaaaoi b kbIthi jiqchip b jracxi jifl xjiGopoolB-neaOKpaTJH', 
^apeuo aomaraBca n fleM0KpaTH3aii,iiL ii yKpaiHiaanjI" noaimHitbKO-KauiTa.ri- 
CTnraoi SBKiaTypa b inrepecax „cKpinjieHHH caaocTiiraocTH YKpalHCbKOi 
JepxaBn". y BUnOBUb aa TaKe Ba^oKy^aHHH n xJii6opo6iB u reTbMancbKe 
upaBHTejibCTBO aaOopOHMO CKMiKaHHH 3'iajy „yKpalHCbKoi X.ii6opoCcbKO- 
/I,i;.MOKpaTii'nioI llapiii", npHSHaieHoro Ha HiOBTem, aicmib. I riibKii ,.aa 
homitho caaoro nana reTbaaHa", 3 BejiiiKHs rpy^OK, niara 6e3KOHeiHQro 
inc.ia fleaa'anift B^aaoct. ^xaioopooaa 11 aooHTHCb CKacyBaaHa toi aadopomi 
i Bi^CyTii b msaj a:oBTHfi KOHijtepeHuiio. KoH^epeanja yxBajniia HH8Ky 
nocxanOB, BHCiaaa HOBy aejefayiro ao reibuaHa 3 ^oMaraHESM — „?fiso- 
KpaTMsyBaiTi ii yKpaiHiayBara H0.1iTn.Ky", ajie „naH reTtMaH" Bxe opieHTy- 
saBca b jipynrii (3iK. Bin KKe npnaynieHiifi 6yB cayxaTii HOBoro nana — 
iiepeMOXHiiLjo AETaHTy — i TajuyoBara uia ii' jy^Ky, a He m^ caMOCTifi- 
HimbKy com.TKy „6paTiB-Xiu6opo6iB" (8). 

15. YKpaiHCbKa AeMOKpaTHHHa ACpmaBa hh peaKujiiHa „BejiHnaB 
Poccin"? (Kpi3a KatfiHeiy). Eaiym, ni,o cnpaBa hbho Byte 30 
.iiKBiaai4l yKpatecbKOi sepaiaBHOCTii i b toh ate lac ymryKra onoanuiimi 
HacTpol b Kpaim ,v> reTbinamniiHii Ta noqyBaio>m 3a coooto ni,HTpn«Ky 
lacTUHii jipiCnol Cypsyasil i iipaaimi yKpaiHCbKo! jieitoicpaTil, yKpaiHCbKnu 
HanjoHajiLHirii Coios hobIb hhctyh Ha ..nami reiMaBa", AoaaraKraHCb bj,t; 
Htoro aaimi peaKU,iiiiioro KaGine'ra .MiinCTpis na ^eaoKpaTHMHO-yKpaiHCbKniL 
, {<> i ; en. CKoponaji;cbKoro i no HraeubKHX feHepa.iiB lo^mm o#Ha aa ojhoh> 
TOCjeHHi jfijLetxqi Coioaa. CKopouaACbKiift i HiHn;i, ;!,:i,ana.n><i.. nima.ui 
HOAaBaTHCb. 5. aioBTHH „caa reTbMan" aaupocnB pfl ce6e (qepes ainicTpa 
saKopsoHHHX cnpaB ,3,. jjoponieHKa) npe^CTaBHUKiE Hau,ionajTiHoro Coioaa 
,via poaaoBH. Coioa noeaas B. BissnieEKa (rojiOBy) Ta tWHiB npeaiiui 
A, HiKOBCBKoro (npe^CTaBmuca napTJJ con;,-ij)e^;.) i X. IB b e n; a 
(npe^CTaBEHKa cejiHHCbKOl cnLrKn). Bectia Bi^6yjiacH, he nncajur raaera, 
n B ayae npHxmibHiM tohi". flfiajksnja BnraoBH,ia uor.iHj]; Coioay Ha miy- 
TpiinHio i 3aK0pA0HHy nojiJTBKy yKpaiHCLKOl r T,ep;KaBH, BKaaajia Ha neotfxin- 
iiicTb nepCBejeHM jieaoKpaTaraoi aeacjibHoi pe^opan. TeHepa-i CKoponaj;- 
cbKiiil K,i,anaB, mo Bifl 3 yciM noroj^cyeTtcs, i b raaeiax apyroro jtpn 
Hiica.iH, mo „no Bcix mtTainmx, snd nopymeHO nia^ac po3aoBH 3 n. reub- 
aaHOw npeflCTaBHUKaan HanioHaabHoro Coioaa, BHffBnaocb, mo norjig^H 
HanionaJiLHoro Coiosa i n. reTbmaHa B3ara-ii cxo^HTbca". Orse, ^naa reTb- 
Man" B arosyBaBCfl u ; Tpe6a 6y.io tmbkh ycynyTH rertmaflCbSBJ uafiiHeT 
HimcTpiB, sksS. ojhko aep»:aBCH Bja^H, BnepTO bib paa Haaheny iiojiiTHKy 
i m 3 hhm, mo biixoahjo b 6oKy Hauiona.ii.Horo Coiosa, „ne aro^yBaBCS". 
I HauioHajibHnH Coioa hobIb npoTn KaSineTa aimcTpiB eHepriftHy CopOTtCv 
Bciaa MoaaiiBiura r T..ui Hboro aacoCaan, Haaaraio^ncb b nepmy TOpry 
a^icKpeaiiTpaTH fioro b ovax HianiB, hki, ni^ bhjihbom nopaaoK Ha 4>poHTi 
i BHyTpiinHix ycoasHenb b HiMe i i i niHi, HO i nraa.in biihr-ihth Jte-HEy „iipn- 
xiumicTL" xo ^enLOKpa.TJiasj. 



— 112 — 



B cepcapis iHCJiai acoeraa HanioHa.'iLanii Coitm okuiochb (3a Hyw 
nncos B. BmiHaienKa — tojiobh i II. ^isymua — ceKpernpa) 
cbo» „3aaey npo BHyTpiuiHe i iriamapojipe CTaHOBiime yKpalHn". B rifi 
r 3aaBi", poapaxOBamn Ha ipoia/i;ci>Ky oniHiio U^HTpajiLHiix ^epsaB, 
Coioa ifflcaB: 

„Hu He BBaatacso cy<iacnnu ypax na YKpalHi noBaoaoraiiH i aaKOHHua npex- 
CTaBHHKOM yKpalaciisoI flapsaBH. CyiacnuB Kafiifjer MinicrpiB, ciuiafleHnft nepeaaaHO 
3 ciapm ypaftOBnia caao£ep»;aBHoro pocificLKuro peaiiiay, ijtbhB napo^oni Hanjo- 
najiwio i Bopoasiifi fioMy noainmao Ta conigjii.no, mac onopy tu&ku b neBeaniKHx 
KOJiai BeauKHi afpapiJB Ta KOpoJiiB npoauciioBOCTii, ho po3yaie i fie aoate posyaiia 

H0BHX Hl^CTaB 1K1ITTH, Ha BK1 CTae BBCB CBiT. 

B tob lac, K021H entoneiicHi jepataBH piinyie nepeiojaii. no raupoKoro 
napoftonpaBciBa, Ha yEpalai ypan, no36aBHBBiH xeaoRpariio scix iipaB, saaraeTBca 
flo noBepHenHn craporo n,apciKo-no:iin,eHCBKoro aaay. B npaBHTeaBCTsi, b TBopenajo 
ftepaiaBHoro aajy Hapij. ne fiepe maso! yiacm. Ha sien,ax 3HMU,eH0 caaoBpaayBaHHa 
i 3aariaeno caaoBJiaj;cTBOi noBepueuiis ,j;o aaa^a KOiJHnraix maH^aparifi i iio.iinalB. 
lioaio 3i6pant, eaoaa CKacosaHo. MeTo^'a penpeciB Harajyiorb lacii cepej,Hix Bidu : 
nopioTL p!3Ka*H, 3aKonyKTL no uihk b seajio i t. n. Iliflnupaioiii peaKHJHHi kmcii, 
ypaji cnpHae posnaneHomy iynx> kuhcoboT bohcth, bks j;osoftHTt jo HeiyBaHUX ipopM 
CKcnflsoaTaiiii i SHymauaa 3 ce-iaHctsa ia po6iiHnn;TBa. 

Bhuuiobbib 3 paflia pociiietKOl n,apCEKo-caaoj;ep/EaBHOl diopOKpaTi'i, Tenepiat- 
mfi ypaa i cyn ia $opaH csoro Joanna uae pociHci.KO-n;eHTpajicTH t iBi. HparHennn 
mapoKHi aac yupamcBKoI nan,)! ,1,0 u,ijreoBHToro naniona.ii.no- r T,ep-/KaBHoro Bii3no.ieaBa 
(Ji.iLtnocTU cyiacEoro Kafiiaeiy nysd a Bopoa:i. Cjiobcchmh Hemaptiau 3aHB~aaii Ta 
aiopcTOKicTio HeHaypnnx penpeciii ypajt xom cTBopimi npaiKinna citokow b j;epa;aBi. 
Aae Eca aisjiLHicTt fioro aej;e itpafi xo 3anifleii ia pyiHH, a Hapoflai aacn miOB- 
xae na nwax poajuoHeHOCTH, ojiiaio Ta aaapxil. 

'A or.wjy na n,e, .VKpalaCBKitii Han,ioaa.iBHHU Coios saniuac, m,o jiBcniia. 
aaKOHHBM npeaciaBHHKOH yKpalHctKoi ^epSKBBX Moace 6jth liatKit toB ypaj;, hkiiB 
cnnpaTumeTica Ha uinpoKi ^eaoKpaTHiiHi aacH yKpa'inctKoro napo^y. TIjilkh 
n o a .1 i n i fi h ■ j( e « k p a t 11 1 b n S n a n i n e a :i h a m h k a 6 i h e t aiai- 
CTpis aac apaBo THaiacono, ao HopaajtBHoro ciJiopHyBaHHa naposHto'i B.'ia.in, 
ctobth Ha qoji jepxaBtto! podo* h. I n^pmua aas^annaa iy.oro 
Kac5iHeiy aae 6yTH Herafifla leaoKpamqHa afpapna pe$opaa na niacTaoi 3HameHBa 
BejuKoro 3ea.ieBOJioji;iHHa i aacjeaue^enfla aeajiew rpyjoBoro cejaacTBa. HerauHO as 
aae 6j t th BHpo6jie«o BHfiopiHH aaisoH s° aaKOBO^aBioro noBHOBaaflHoro opfany 
yicpaiucbKol 3eani i nepeseAeuo uoro b xuni iik iiailiuiiin'ie. Bci AeaospaTUHui 
cboSoah, aiti e ochoboio noaiTHiHoro xcuttb b 3aiij;HiB Esponi 2 aKi 6yno B^ofiyTo 
pesoaionieio ua yKpami, ajre 3BHmeno cyiacBHa ypaxoa, aafOTt 6yTU HOBepueHi. 
Ti.ir.Ku b TaKiix yaoflai aaui Kpafi aoaie ciaTH jo s^opoBoro, HJBHoaipHoro Biji,HO- 
B.ienna Bcii cboIi bsjiukhi chji i 8 iiobhum npaBoa BHCiymiTH uepejt napoaaau 
BCioro CBhy, sk pibmhh yiacTHHK b posnaaaHBio BeauKUi aiasHapOAaii upoGiaa. 

fpyniyioiHCB *e Ha npaBi Koatfloi aanii Ha BHaaaqcHHa csoro HanjoHaai.Ho- 
jepacaBfloro mjiiitm, tuk sapaiao nporojionieaoay b MiipoBiii npofpaai BijiBCona, 
iipuBnariii oCoaa Boiowiisau cTopouaau, a TaKoac cnapaioqHCB na icTopitune Ta 
npHpo^He npaBo KOSKHoro aapojy rypiyBatH b o^ho n,lne Bci osipsani bU fioro 
^acm, yKpalHCtraB HanionanmiiB Cok>3 BBaarae n,i.iKoa npBpo^HHa i hcoCiothb 
sayieana b oj.hh r i.op:i;auiiiii*i yRpalHCBKsB opfaaiaa Bcix 3acejenux yKpaiJiu,aan 
aeaejiB, mti jio n;ioro iacy tepea iciopHiai Ta aiacnapo^Hi oficiaBnua ne bb1uhi.iii 
b csnan, yKpalHctKo! flepataBH, n,e6-To : CxiaBtol rajtH^qHHa, Kvkubhhh, yropciKOl 
yKpa^HH, XoJiantHHH, Jli;viHBia, lacTHini BecapaOil a yKpafncBKiia nacejiennaa, 
caelum! eiHorpa^aiHO-yKpalHciiKOl J],oirnxHBii, lopHoaopil i KySani." 

Mi;k thm, cbItobI njMi — Ha&iroEeHHa siupy, r nonaraHHa BL'u.coHa 
r aeM0KpaTB3anji u HiMeiq^H, tojioch aaTaHTCtKin ^epnaB aa mpjiOBJieEsn 
CTapoi Pocii — flOKOiyBajHCi. cboimh SBnjiasH a<> yKpaura i BHKanm.iii 
TyT EJay nojiiTinmy sasiipioxy. YKparHctKi Mim,aHCbKi r Tpi6H06ypxya3Hi 
Koia, KOpncxato^HCt 3 ocaa6jieirHa peaKHJHHoI roHKepcbKor Hi«e«r , iHHH, 



— 113 — 



euiiuHJH nepefipara na VKpaim Kiajy b cbo! pync. MoCbKOBCbiri Kpyrn 
bb yKpaini, iDASaAfcopeHi nepoioroio ^cotosHUKiB", Bxe He aBaa&OH Ha 
Biopainirix cboix r i,py3iB — BJMen,tKiix fesepaaiB i o^iBepTO opieHTyBanu'i. 
Ha aHTaHTCLKi aepsaBff, nepe^oBciM Ha $paauiio. Marora neBmcrt, mo 
aHTaHTCbKi r T,epacaBH niflTpHMaioTb Ishjo Copo-rbCy aa Bi r THOB;ieimfl e;ymoi 
Pocil, MOCKOBCtKi Kpyrn Ha YKpaiai noe/raBBJiH n,io (5opOTi.6y na Hepry r T,HH. 

^ecaTi. MimcTpiB JlnaoryfioBOro KadmeTy (Bacii.r l'hko, A<j>aHa- 
cteB, PaieneitLKii fi, Tepfieiib, TyTHiE, PoiaHOB, 3iH&KiB- 
ctKini, Bai'Hep, KojioKo:ibn,eB i JtepasaBHHft CeKpeiapb 3 aB am- 
ebic nil) noj;a.in so ToaoBH Pajn MisiCTpiB $. JInaoryfia (b cepe^mx 
racirax jkobtha) n 3ajuiCKy b cnpaBi aoBfliimiLOi naiiTHKH YKpaiHH u . 
MMcTpn aaaHaiaiH, ia,o, b orctajy Ha faw3bKHH amp, bohh BBaa;aR>Tk 
KOHqe HeotfxijHiiM i HeoAKJajmix n BH3HainTn paa Ha aaBine Kypc 30BHiin- 
hboi HoaiTnKH YKpaiHi[ u . Jlni hos-ihbocth cTejiioTBca nepea yKpaiHOB, 
niicaju j^aai MiHicTpii: a o^Horo 6oKy, 6y,ayBanHH yicpalHctKoi jepsaBB 
aoaie hth hmhxom hjjkobhtoi ceuapauii bu ii,epsKaB, mo noscTajiH Ha 
pymax KOJtnniHtoi Pocil, 3 jipyroro — YfcpaiHa Mose GaHHTn csin 
flofipoojn b joopooyTi hhmihx „pyccKiix" ftepxaB, mo noBCTaiH Ha TepeHax 
oyBmoi Pocii, i 30Kpeaa b soupooyri BejHKopociL IlepmHii iikihx BBaa&B- 
«a aBTOpaira aauHCKii nuagpHBra &m caaol a: YitpaiKH i hlucosi tyjaypecu : 
saromcub BHaaaBaBca eftBHO upaBHJBHira 3,pynra. B 3BH3Ky a ohm YKpaiHa 
Mae yaras^HioBaTH b CBoiil saKopsoHHui noaiTHnj iirrepecn Pocil b njaoMy 
i uoBHHHa a'HBnTHCt Ha jsaifoyTHio MHpoBy KOHiJiepeBniio 3 rsep^m Hajripom 
„OTCTaHBaTb Tairb o6mj.e HHiepecii h yace HMffE paTOBaib aa homoiub 
Bctrnn ^ocTynHUMH cpe^CTBaiiH bt. '•sepiKeiriH doabuieBHCTCKaro apia h 3a 
yKpjbnjieme rocysapcTBeHHOCTii Ha Bceui npoTaseHiii SbJBraefi PocciiiCKoii 
HJmepiu." Tai;ni"i GyB anicT aOMaraab fleami reTbManctKHX msicTpiB. 

17. kobthh Ixhh 3amicKa 6yaa 0(j>in,ifiHO aavHTana na 3aciAaHHH> 
KaOineTa MinicTpiB. Biihhkjih rocipi cynepe'iKH. IlHTaasa npo BijHOCiiini 
Mia: YKpaJnoK) i CoBiTCbKOio Pocieio, m,o ctoajio Ha nop« r ^y sesHOMy 
(i 6yao ape^epoBaHO JtiHicTpoM aaKop,T,OHHnx cupae JI,. ^opoHteHKom), Hafiparo, 
B 3B»i3Ky a 3aimcKoio, oypxsoiBoro xapaKTepy. ^ecaTb siHicxpiB itpononyBajiH 
pocnoiaTH BincbKOBi onepan,iI npora CoBiTCbKOi Pocii, BmaniyBiini JtboayHi 1 

BifldySOBH e^HBOl BeJIHKOl Pocii. $. JlH30ry6, KiCTaKOBCbKHH. 
^OpOHieHKO, ByT6HK0 i JIl06HHCbKllil BHCTTIULIII npoTH : BOHII 

He rojHJHCb 6paTH Ha cede Miciio BijifiyjsfiBu seaBKOl Pocii i oscTOKBajm, 
ni,o6 Ha rnipoBiM KOHi^eci YKpaisa BHCTynaia TiJibKH b cboim iiieHH i 6opo- 
HirjaTLibKH cboi iHiepecH. J[isra ro aKoroct liupoayiiiHHH He B^ajoca. CiaJtaca 
ypajOBa Kpiaa : 18. jkobtbh Ka6meT iriHicTpiB «yciB nojiaTHct b opjBcassy, 
Do^ajiocb (JopMj-BaHHa HOBOro KatfineTy JlHaorydoM. MocKOBCbna 6yp- 
Kyasda ooypioBajiacb i TBep^,o rpiiMa-iacb pa3 B3HT0I .ikii. „KaseTH" ounfln- 
-incb b n 0H03Hn;iI". npeBH^k ToaoBHoro KoniTeTy TH.-X Haprii npHfinsna 
pe803EHpo, bkok) aaGopoHHJioeb ^lenaM napTii 6paTH ynacxi. b hobom}- 
KaCiseii; npeanjia aaaBJiajia, m,o Tojobhuh KoiriTeT ctoItb na tohh^ ho- 
TJiafly n( j,eCHTH MimcxpiB" i nepea n,e Kaaem He MOiKyrt 6paTH y^aciii 
b ypa^i, 3KH H ijtopiyeTBCff Ha HHiuiH njaT^opm. *) TojiOBa nnpoTo^icy" 

*) B ni ssi b npeci bhhhkio 3aniKaBJieHBH nuTaHHSB ^esepaiiji B3arani. 
PocifiC£Ka Jaseia (salBctKa) „Hobocth pa" ui^uec.ia nmassB npo hokibbict* 

XpacTBK. lciopin peBOjRmi'f, in. " 



— 114 — 



khh3b I' o .1 i n n h BBepnyBca ;y> l'ea. CKopona^cbKoro 3 Tejiei'paMOK) a upii- 
BOjyr opi'aiiiaanjr HOBoro KaCbieTy, b aKifi, b ii«enn noMiinHKiB, KauiTajiicriB, 
(JtafipHKaHTiB i npOMncioBnJB, BBCjrOB.T»BaBCH upOTH KOa.iinjr 3 yKpainchKijjni 
HanjoHajiLHiiJiH ejieneHTEMK. B nift BOumpI kha3l 6aiHB Hefeaneicy „conja- 
jucthihhx eKciiepiMeffriB" i aacTepiras Bij e^HaaHn a yKpaiHCbKBM I'pyuani, 
am, mobjhb, Bci aBJiaioTbca coujamCTMEHiH ; b rpisay rojHHy, HeGeaaeiny 
jsfla Kpaio, He sdcD,e ^Jia cnpo6 KoajrinjI, KiflnaB roioBa „HpoTO(Jtic\ ■. 
TaKHM htiiiom, „KiTit" reTtMaHaptHH sijpiOBJH.in b CBOIit DJaTpHKiij tme- 
paaoBi CKoponaj,ctKOMy i nosrim,HKOBi Jlnaorvunrsi, bockltilkii Ti He Gpara 
ojpepToro Kypcy bh. „ewsy aejpjHKy Pocito" i najiarajmcb BBSBaTHCb 
a yKpalHCLKOio jpiCaofo Cypaiyaaieio. 

HaujoHajiLHiiir Coioa, aaaBawcb, xpiyiapyBaB. Tenepaji CKOponascbKnii 
i JIn3ory6 aBepay.meb ,i.o Coioay aa KaBsn^aiaan aa simCTepcbKi nopT<l>ejii. 

B. BHHHHiieHKo aaxoanBca (fopsyBaTH KafiiaeT. Kaa,T,a,T,aTLB 6yao no^aao. 
Aire reTLMaa uoro^tiBca tlilkie aa aaCTHay tx. 19. xctBTaa 6y:w yTBopeao 
hobhh Ka6iH6T mMcTpiB b cai,jymaoMy citiajti : ToaoBa Pajyi MiaicTpiB — 
$. JIn3ory6; siaicTp (JtiaaaeiB — A. PasenenkKHH; mihictp Biiieb- 
KOBirit Ta MopctKHii — 0. Pai'osa; uriaicTp aaKop^onaus capaa — J[. 
r l,oporaeHKo; MinicTp icno3i,naab — 0. JIOTon,i.KHH (con.-(jnw, 
fiyBoiffii r'enepajiLHHn IBicapi. b Kafiiaeri B. BHBainieai;a) : MiaicTp 
npanj — M. CjiaBHHc&Knu (eon,.-^.) ; luaicip aapo,a,EbOl ocsiTii Ta 
MnCTen,TBa — n, CTe6ann;bKHH (con,.-4iefl., dyBaini Koaricap BjeHTpaju.- 
hoi Pa&H npn BpeMemioMy BpaBHTe-iLCTBi) ; MiaicTp flopir — E y t e h k o ; 
MimcTp Hapojpaoro 3^opoBaa Ta oniKpaaHa — • B. JI k» 6 a h c t k n fi ; 
MmieTp upo^oBOJibiHX cnpas — C. r e p (5 e a t ; msicTp BajTpiniak cupaB 
— B. P e it h 6 o t ; MimcTp kmthejI — A, B a a .t o b (con-^ea., fiysninft 
BOJiHHctKiifi tyCepHiajibHTifi KOnicap 3a iaciB D^eHTpaJitHoi Pa,i,n) ; MimcTp 
Bii6opo6cTBa — B. JeoHTOBnq; mmcTp Topry i npoMHCJioBOCTH — 

C. Mepini' (aoirimiiK, caxapoaaBo^iHK), KafimeT BntuiOB ,,Koa.iin,iiiHHM << — 
6i.TbniiCTb b Biir aajieatajia B npoTO$icoBn,3M", MeHbnricTb — yKpaiHCLKHM 
oypxyaaHO-jeMOKpaTHHHHK iHTeaii'eETajr; Kap,i;nHaJibHoro HHTaHKa — jeMotcpa- 
THtaa yKpaiHCbKa .nepxaBa hh e^nna peaKniiraa Pocia — ■ He (iyjio poa- 
Baaaao : boho 6yao tI^bkh rpoxn saTymKOBaHO i ojyaafteHO ojinepTmi bh- 
piuieHHHi na aajri. 

yKpaiHctKHH Han,ioHa,TbHnii Coroa o«epa;aB TaKini tmaoM ayace Mi3epHy 
raarKOBy nepeiior}', I roiOBa Coioay B, Bhbbhwbko japeMHo Tiuins ce6e 
i rpOMajviHCTBO (b iffrepsjo a niinpotfiTiiJTKaMii ra3ei) Haji;iajiH Ha paflH- 
Kaataj' 3MiHy nraiTHicn hobiim KaCiHeTom.*) Menm onTiuricTHHHo i 6fohw 

saraatHo-cjiaBaHCiKoI ^eaepani'i i Bvic'Tiua nisuy poasos Ha hk> TeMj* s j)ia:iui»ii 
no-iiTflquHmi fliaqaiin, Miac tjlmh poaaoEaaii aiiaio^rao i po3«OBy 3 ai^epos pociS- 
cbkiii Ka^eiiB H. M iaioKo b h a, hkiim, xv.k BHinnx, cnasaB: „B Pocii BijCyBaertca 
npoiiec jiHmoro pojy. Pocia, arts, po3naJ!aca Ha BCBeJiiiKi MacTHua, npflitye Teuep jifl 
odejiHaHna, aie He Ha ocHOBax tjie^epanil, Kotpi na pociuctstoiiy tyyaTi e ^yati 
i Heiipneoosii. Tacranii n;i npaayioTL r no ajinrta, ^o Cy^yBaHHa eaiiHo'i Poci'i." 

*) B po3«OBi 3 JniBpooiTHHKOM „P o 6. r a 3 e t a" B. BHnHH4ei[K0 CKaaaa : 
B ^yjKe nomiipcHa nnni^iyTKa b npeci i cepes rpoMa^sncTBa, no naie-0-TO KafiiHCT, 
bkhu on,e CKJiaBca, e Ka6iHei'oa yKpaiHCLKoro HmionaaBHOro Coiosy. H, »k rojiOBa, 
siymy cnpociyBa™ n;e i aaaBHTH, mo up He BisnoBi^ae »hcjiocth. HaiuoHULBuri 
Cons flijucHO BHiHBaB neBBHX 3aio,T,!B, n;o6 Bii.iimyTii na bobhS Kafiiuei b uaupaaKy 



— 115 



pea.TOio oipHioBajia cirryauiio „Po(5iTinm TaaeTa", HKa b nepejipBiii CTarri 
iipo iiobbu KaSkeT, a'acoByioiH BiflHouieHHH 3,0 Htoro YKpaiHctKor Con,iit.Tt- 
, !,( j ,noKpaTiPiHOi IlapTii, HHcajia: 

„HoBa B.iaaa aupfaniayBajaci. na nia.CTaBi Koaainji niat ,HpoTo$ico«' i nes- 
hoio qaeTHHoio yKpa'incLKOi Cypacja3uo'i ^esoKparii. KoanpoMic y.iomeiio Ha ocncmai, 
iii;i spaa *n< soacyTi TiuiiiTH npe#CTaBtniKiB yKpalncusoro rponaaanerBa. Tasi BnaH- 
bobi i BaiKHi nopTijieai, sk ^iHaHciB, BiBctKOBHi ciipaB, BHjTpiumix: cnpaB, xmaxsHCi 
b pyitas .Ilpoio^ica 1 . Po3yniencH, npu ipi yxoTiai ai oflna yKpa'iaeiKa rpoMaa.ci.Ka 
CypajyasHo-seaoKpaTiiiBa fpyna, ae roBopami Bate iipo sac, He noace yBaKara hobuh 
ypaa. cboim" . . . 

KoMnpome i Koajiuia Bnihiun ^iiicno hc BTiinmiMii. Ha.iii' B. Bhhhh- 
»ieHKa na Te, ni,o hobhh KaGmei Biahie BnpasHO caiocTiitHiiniKO-aeMOKpa- 
tii'oihh hype i aaBe^e b yKpamcLKiii ^epaxaBi jam rpoua.naM.ci.id t& hojii- 
Tii'ffli BoatHOcrn, „sk y EBponi", ne cnpaBjyranci. HaBiTt b HafiMenuiiil 
aripi. IkurinufK jlnaoryS, mo ^;ajti aaiiiiiiiiBCa Ha nocajij roaoBir Paj.n 
MimcTpiB, He bmbjuib HMKoro Ca^aHHa n eBponci3paT0" YKpaiHy, He no- 
KJia,a,aBca ocoGjijibo na cboix hobiix yKpalnchKirs „coniflJiicTH i iHnx 1 ' KOiei 1 
i b co^HJiLHO-eKOHOMiRHiH noairairj jtepacaBcn TBepao CTaporo Kypcy, CTapol 
opieHiauil Ha „aaiBi, TBopni" KaniTajiicra'fflO-noMiiii.HHAKi BepcTBH YKpaiBn, 
aaflBviapoiH, mo paanKajitna 3Mina Kypcy hojiitiikh ypa/iy ne Ha naei. IIpe r "i;- 
CTaBHHKH ocTaHHix B KatfifleTi, hIikom iiisTpnjtyHra b nisi JH3ory6a, HaMa- 
rajinct b toji ace lac noTarm „Koa.iin,iio" Ha hlihx ejiraoi HenojpjibHOl Pocil. 
IfoMimiiKii Ta KaniTajiicTir ne TparaJiH BajdS. na cbok> nepemory. 
27. — 30. atOBTHH Bytoyncfl b Khibi Jipynrii F.e.nrKiiff a'r.a ..upoTOtpicoBHJB'' — 
npencTaBHinciB „ npoMHCiiOBOCTii, Topry, (pkaHciB i ci.ii.ci.Koro roenoflapcTBa", 
ToaoBa r IIpoTO(jticy " kh. fcT J.n.n'H, Bi^KpnBasoin a'fejL, zaxjnixaB oyp- 
.jKyaaiio nyiiKO TpHMaTHCL ejiHHOro KaniTajiicTiumoro (ppoHry. HobhI KimcTp 
Topry i npoMHCiioBocnr M e p i h t, Bmuo™ a'la^;, bmojiochb n esHHOHeat)iHM- ■ 
neCBKy" npoMOBy, b hklh aasHafflB, mo irpoMH&iOBicrb YKpaiEH TtOSS 6yni 
BijHOB^eHa tLibkh npn ojthjh ochobhih" yMOBi, a case — b kojih yKpaina 

itoro xeuoKpaTH3an,it i Han.ioiiajii3aii;iJ, oki Tas neoSiiftiri b iniepecar napojpix «ac 
i yKpaiHciKoi aepacaBH. 111,0 as TopKaexj.es jtiaatHOCTH yTBopenoro Kafiinety, 10 
HauioHa-iiHufi Co»3 fiyae jo HLoro y BiAnoBiftaaBHifi onoBHijii i aa 
juaviLiricTk HiBKoI BisnoBiaaJiinocTii na ce6e ne 6epe. HanioaaaLHHH Coma 
rajiae, mo sci xiiicipii, ssi hbei yBifim.in b TtafiiHGT, jjfiarn- 
iyn, a6a Herafino Cjmio itepcie^eio afpapny jteMOKpaiHHHy 
pei)opiy, hkoI » TaKiimi ayKaaii BiKann HOHaraeiicn name yKpawctKe 6ea3eMe.ii1.He 
i MajjoaeaeJitHe c6jihhctbo, a6a b laiCumiHi uc b yKpalHCLKifi iep- 
ataBi 3iijiaB roioc ca*oro iaai!na — yKpalnciiKoro pofiiTHHsa i ce- 
JiaHHua, afia 6yiO CKiZEaio coil na nijtCTaBi aaraaiHoro ffeMOKpaTBiHoro 
BuSopioro npasa, a laaoa: afia HesiimajHO 6yjio npaciynieBo so 
TiiopeiH! yKpaiHciKoi ap«ii. Tas cane Cok>3 cnoftiBacuca, mo t! bci 
VKpalHHi i rpoaa,tctKi iioaiTHini po6iinHKH, ani 6yjrH BaapennoBani 
CeaniieiaBHO norepejiKJB jpaAoa, (SysyTtHeraiiHO yBiniHeHi s mmt' 
aa bojik), no pi^iioT is 1'ponaactKoI pofioia. OcofijiHBO b neHoacjiiiBony ciaHOBami 
Oyao npyKOBaae caoso ra i^MOKpaTimHi i con.iaJiicTH'iBi op^aniaanil : HaniCHaiv 
Bui Coiob cnojiiaenci, mo i u.i ici uepenoHH hobhk «»']■ 
HeToi 6yse ycyneno, i lyapalBciKiS J^epaiaBi, hb i b EBponi, 
uniHyioiB 10.1a cioia, jpyKyiji6paEii8HiineHo8yje cBa- 
BiaBHy nensypy. HanioHaaiHHii Co»b cnoniBaenca, nxo hobhh Ka6iaei ono- 
BicraTB rpoaaffBHCTBO Hpo Ty noay npofpany CBoel nia- 7 n>no c '' 1 ') aK J B aaBGanat^Hti 
^ac use BHKoaaTB, Koin naiai Ha^il fi cnoajBanKH cnpaBflSTtcs, to Bii a,i.oro 
yKpalacHca ftemoKpaTia amin.ak, a pa3ont 3 new animrie i nania a;epasaBHicTb. 

8* 






— lltt 



eKOHOMii'fHO He Syne Bwijena bU pem™ ofljiacTefi kojhidhi.01 pocift- 
etKOi ^epacasji". ^Tljilkti MiiiHa eKOHomma ajiymi Bcix hhx oojiacieii 
nomisK co6ok>, npii .TpyjKHiii, HanpaioeHiii no o,i;HO«y najray Iimfl poooTi, 
sonoaioate npoimejioBCCTn: Hamol J'KpamH poan,Bicra nOBHiiM kbvtoh, CTaTH 
6araTOK>", — asKim™ cboio „naTpioTnHHy u npoHOBy reTbinaHCbKiifi rrimcxp 
mjz, o^ooproKuri BnryKii „npoTO(j(icoBii;iB'', Mepiflfa. ni^TpHMUB Mimcrp <j>i- 
HaHciB PjKenen,bKiiii. mmi Tanoac 3bhbch na a'i3,n i iipo;i;eMOHCTpyBaB 
cboio co.ii^apmcTb a noirimnKaMii i KaniTa.iicTaimr, aaaBireiuTi BpcraiteTO, mo 
Ti.iLKii (3ypsya3ifl aoaie CJiyaaiTn Ha,TJihtoio m^nopon npaBirreiitCTBa. Bci 
^oiaajn i ;T,e6aTii na a'i'axi Bijdyjmcb niji; npanopojconoanuji ,t,o yKpalHCBKO- 
^epataBHimbKnx i aeMOKpaTmnrnx TeH^eHnjii yKpamchKoI lacTiira HOBoro 
KaomeTy i xarymx Ha^iir Ha Bi^fiysoBaHHa e r T,nHoi peaKHMHoI Pocil. rojioBa 
coroaa aaBo^HiiKiB i <pa6pnKaHTiB yKpata (TaK aBaroro „Cyoauj>a") 
A. Onyn b cboim jjOKia^i BHdyifflB 8 ocy^oM arax 6u to iie 6yao co- 
ttjSMam ,,iioitiiieeTB" a 6oRy ypa^y, aaaBJiatow, mo ocTamti „i.is Heiia- 
XHBUiaro ce6s 6o.it>nieBna)!a Gy^yn. nenpentHHO KasaTbea BaurpHBaHiem 
ii oearafoemsKB BJiacTn", npo.niB citoay „va,xh paaopBamibiKn piiaaani Pycii" 
i aaKimim caifl jjorcian TBcp^eHnau, mo „Gy3ymee loaiHott iipoMbimjieH- 

HOl'TII BO3MO-KH0 TOJbKO B7> BOSCOe^BHeHHOl II BOaCTaHOBJeHHOH po^Hnt". 

Sbssb ToainiiH acypHBen b cboiS iipoinoBi, i«,o reibMan 36hbcji 8 noB- 
Horo UMflsy, inonycrnBiim YKpaiHuiB &0 Riajp i aaTBep^HBiiin KoajiinjiiBnii 
KaCineT, „Himi mh cmJlK, CKaaas Bin b cboiu npoMOBi, na toh ihjihx, 
Ha KOTpoiiy yna-ia Bejiirea Pocia, kojic or ejjimoro ypajy nepeiiuua 30 
ypajy KoajiiniflHoro". 3aKiHiHB cboio npanro u'lafl b neBiriH najij], mo 
noMii.iKy 6y#e BiriipaB.ieHO i reTbMaacbKa uojiiraKa SHOBa niji,e Heyxnjibno 
no Toay uiJiaxy, HKirii Hajrirnjin jim uel noiriiuHKH i KaniTa.iicTH.*) 

nicjia uboro s'la/iy npoTO^icoBCbKi JiiHicTpn iiOBe-m b Koajriu,iiiHOMy 
MMcTepcTBi ^opmajiuy CopoTb6y upoTH yKpalHctK0-^;eMOKpaTii4H0i HacTHHH 
fioro, BHKOpnCTOByw^n cbog CTMOBirme (li-ibmocTH b KaCiHeTi (wi i He- 
BejiBKOl). Kyn;a i KoinpOMicOBa upoi'paMa poGoTii HOBoro KafSineTy, Hami^eHa 
b reTbMaHCbKifi rpanori Bij 29. xobthh 1918. (cnpaBa aeaeJibHa i cmin- 
KaHua cofay), aa.nmiiaJiacb Ha nauepi leprBOK) oyKBORi (9). 1V;kii.m noai- 
THTmnfi He amiHHBCfl a Hi na Boaocnny. Ha npoBiHii;ii CSQPXH ri can 

CTapOCTH Ta EOMCHABHTH i IipOBa^ILIH CBOH) p060Ty yTOHTaJIUMH aa uiicTb 

MicHnJB iioj[imnn,bKoi ,n,iiKTaTypH CTeasKajiin. B jiepeiiOBBennx Tropmax Ta no 
KOHn;eHTpau,inHiix .larepnx myiiuiHCb ji,ajii poiiTHmcii, caifiHe, yKpalHCbKa 
JHTerii'eHniff. TeTbaaHCbKa nenaypa upo r T,oBavyBa.ia noTyBara, hk i nepejt 
thm. BcflKi icTiniHO-pycbKi MOHapxHTai i seMOKpaTirmi opfaHiaaitii, ,a,o6po- 
Bo.iLii otJinnepcbKi 3aroHH b KnM i na iipoBinu,ir po3ropny.in cboh) po6oTy 
me 6yfimme, mat ro Toro, BiiK0pHCTOByro i ni „mnpoKy rocTHKmcTb" reTb- 
MinicbKOl yKpai'ins, any aaiieBHiiB is i ia jtajii tes. CKopona^CbKnii b cboIh 
hobIh rpaioTi. Sanson reTbMaacbKor rpaiiOTH, mo n yKpaiHCbKnn Hapta; 

*) IniepecHHMH Oyaa soKaajH TexiraHHo-niaoBoro iapaKTepy na a'isji. Tbmb 
^OKuaxaaii 6jso noTBep3,a!eno noiiiiy pylny npoajicjoBocTii Ha yspaSni i KOHCTaiOBauo, 
mo Kaniraaicin, Mawiu b cboii pynai BJiajy, sa uiicTt Micanis HMoro ne spo6HJtH 
jyia BiapoxscenHH eKOHOmainoro 3£hith ua yupalHi. Uo oafjmioci, i na naraposi 
3'S3jy : ffOMaraicraici., hk i pauiin, si-; npasHTeaLciBa TBepjoro peaKHiiiBoro sypcy, 
npoTO$icoBn,t Bate He BHrojioiDyBajiH na n,i« s'la^i raKHJt caaoBneBHCHBX ta iBaawcy* 
Barait npuMOB, nKi Cy.io T iyin i(a nepmoMy npoio^icoBctKOKy 3'laai accnoio. 



- 117 



6j]s,e cnpnflTii jTBopeHHK) r i;o(5po6yTa i HenoxiiTHoro aa^y b 6paTepci,i;ii'i 
BanrKOpoeii", JiefaaiayBaaaei. huikom cnpasa opi'ania;ui,ii na YKpalHi Be;uii;o- 
pyctKitx BiiiCbKOBirs: ^pyaara" ; 6Lai.ni to«), reTtMaHctKim ypgj njero 
saooK) (>paB na ce6e qCobswk saBa-m noMeinKaHHH, 036poioBaTJi i rojiyBaTH 
HOpHOcoTenHe Be.inKopyci.Ke oipintepchKe raiiBOpoHHff. Bi,i; ^oCpoBO-wnix 
0(j)ira,epCbKHX BincbKOBiix aarome e olimecx MicTax YKpalHH npocro He 
crajro shtth: poaniyB^aHe o<pnn;epeTBo hhhotjio, 6eniKeTyBaao, Tepopray- 
saio po6itHHie HaceaenHH hIct.*) 

C'TaHOBHiue reTBHancLKoro ypff,ny hicjih TaKOl BHyTpimHtoi nojimiKii 
ycKJiajHflaoct a kojkhjim anei. HiaeubKe BificbKo CTaBajio saie m sa;i,in- 
HOto ciltok) : nLi; bilthbom TyTOK npo peBO.iion,iiiHi 3aBopymeHHH b HiMeTnim 
Ta ABCTO-yropm,nHi caji^aTn Bnxo^iran a iiouiyxy, 3axoacyBajiirci> ko.io op- 
rtlHfeaHJI paa; caa^aTCLKiix jenyiariB, BiiMarajin ojppaBBTH Ix jip Sony.**) 
3axo3n reTtmaHctHix nociiB (b Co<pii, CTOKrcrahiri ft hhoiiix Hearpax), Ha- 
npaB.iem 1,0 Toro, iu,o6 AHrairra Hatcaaajia mMenfcKOMy BifictKy aajraiuaTiwb 
i na jxajii na J'Kpalni a a; ;\o ,,C(|iopsyBaHHfl b.whoi yKpalHctKOl apsril", 
na-io tmiilih (10), xoi b HaBaaaHHio aBHBidB 3 AHTaHTOK) b aonoHoai 
rtnep. CKoponajCbKoay fi fioro npaBHTeascTBy eras n Bcenoryi]m npoTotpic". 
IIpo d;h> iffrepecny n ,i;onoMoroBy aKnjro 11 „Hpo:ro<pica" aHaxojjHio e ,.Po(5. 
raaeTi" (1. 429, 5. ckHfi 1919., CTaTra „EpoTo<picia,a;a") md bIhohoctii : 

„SIk iijiekh CTaBOBiime reibaancBKOro ypsxy noripnranoct, na aonoiory iiomy 
npuuuiOB .TIpoTOifiic'. Heraiiao 6yao KOManjupoBaao a.o OflecH n. 3 p ni h h- 
CBKoro (,n«sji.Boro cnispofiiTDHKa i <|>rKTHBnoro roaoBy aniaificBKoro ^iaaHcoBoro 
CBHiiiKaTy na yitpaiHi) 3 a,npeKTimaHii saBsaaiH 3hochhh 3 npejCTaBHUKaiiH AinaHTit. 
II 3roif .ITpoTO^ica' a reran aacbKiiH ypsjum 6yao BijjKpHTO TacnmiH Kpeaai y pos- 
xipi -5,COO.0OO KapOoB. rjih lH$opMan,ii npeacTaBansiB AniaHTii npo .wuchbH ctan' 
cnpaB Ha YKpalHi. 

KicTHKiBctKiiS i repfieai HacTOJOBaan Ha iaTeacB^iKanj! aianBHOCTa 
,IlpOTo$icy' b ainaHTCLKiii c^epax. TepCem i HporanHCtKiiB Main ae-BKi 3BS3Kii 
me a neiepGypiy. J[poTe aponiHHCBKO»y He Bjajioca HaaaroOTtu 3bs3kib 3 Kepyro- 
ihmh KOJiain AHTaara. CoK>3nHKH jio nisH» eBaByan.il HiHn,iB 
3 yipalmi icayiain ne iciijH npo yitpalDCtKe npeiciaj- 
n hut bo. 1epc3 to i nepmflfi uaan BMHBy na sunjitoMaiH™ Roaa uuiaiojt op- 
taai3an;i'f yKpalBctKoro npeacTaBHHUiBa b ."IbOB^oHi i Ilapnxi b skhtts ae trpoflmoB. 
Toj;i aopy^eno Cy.io ienepanoBi BaseHOBy, flnratoaaTH'SBoiiy npesctaanBiioBi 
yitpalHH b CTOKrojLai, yniiiTH b 3iiocnnn s Sr'iea i CHHanKaTOS antaificEKHX (JaiiKin. 
BaaiCHOB TaKi 3bochbh HaaarosHB ; b Soro 3,nnji!.oMaTB 1 iH03iy jrneTyBaHHJO hositbo 

*) B KhIbi ycjiaBBBca CBoem n j; I »fliHicTio B b n,\ ani taK aaaHTiH „inTa6t 
Ocofiofi AcTpaxancKoii ApMiH", mo ByiiHHB KiiiBKa TepopHCiHiHUX asriB npoiH poOir- 
BHEiB. Hhm ]IlTa6oji (jyao po3CTptnBHO ceEpexapn npo^eciSiioi cni«tH poCwBHKiB 
no o6po6n,i msypH ypfianoBiia i nocaiEeHu so JlyKHHiBctKOi TiopiiH rojioBy 
niel ac chLikh II h c n h k o r 0. 29. jkobtuh B acTpaxaHCEKi opjfl" BpoCn.iu rpyo 
B nojieniKaHHio upo^eciKHOi enijiiai poCiiBHKis no ofipofini nepeaa, B!i»araR»iE 
cnncKa 1-ieniB upasniiiBH cow3y Ta 11 ajipecn. 

**) SoBieHi-jBcioiiaj GyjiH jiican;a)iH Hapocianna peaojionii b Hi- 
sei^iini t» ABCtpo-yropmiiiri. MaHi^ecTH Kopoais nj>o a,enoKpaTE3an,iio nojiTU-i- 
Horo atHTia i KOaainifini ypuxn Bate He BajOBoatHa-iH poCiHfniHj: Mac. ^esoKpariH 
Hiaei^Bnu aoaaraaaci spcjenua Biatreibiia 11 ipoay. 9. aHcionaa;a noaBHaocs 
o^i^aatHO noBi^oMaenHa npo ie, mo BiaweaHi II „BapiniHB bImobhtbcb bia ipony u . 
12. ancTonaja b Katni fiyao optaHiaoBaao Hi*en.bKUKU caaaarastH pa^y eaaaatcbKUX 
jonyTaxiB nia; roaoByBaHaai ^eat^eSeaa Kipxnepa. Ilopy^ 3 nociaHosaMH npo 
jenoKparnsaniio BiflciKOBOro peacfiMy, Paz,a CaaR. flen. nocraHOBHaa n n«Tpiiiiyi!aTa 
noBHnfi nopasoK y BificiKOBm ^aciMHar, moS 33.ificHBTH nopsiaiiKy eBaRyaniio u . 



— 118 — 



bhjikb cao^HKOTy (aHiaifictisoro ua yupal'Hi) na fioro npan.10. B H.eii lac 4>iflaucoBa 
tpyua ,JIpoio$icy', mo cnipaaacB ua anfaiiicBKi CaflKii, iiocraBiiaii cboVm 3aBj;aunast 
opYaaiayBaTii Be tlibkh. nyKpoBHH rpecT na i'spalni, aae fi CHHauKysatH bcm npo- 
KHc.ioBicTi i ToproBJio na yitpalHi. 

Ctoktojibm, KOTpiiil ni^'iac BifijtH 6yB ejmrniB nefiTpaJiLHiin bIciom, sk y $iaan- 
coso-eKOBOBHTHHi, Tate i b noJiiwiKHx 3HocHHax, dyB sk HafinpH,iaTHinjira" *icn.e* 
jyia nepeBeseafla aaBjaHt ,HpoTo$ica' mo-so HaiarosweHHa sBasKis 3 AniaHioio. 
BaateaoB nasajnoBaB KapTiray noBHoro Kpaiy anfiiBcbKoro ^inancoBoro ciiHSHKaTy 
na ,Vi;|i;unI b paai npOBajiy reitHaHctKoro ypsaj. Bci Han,ioHaaim koju ynpaian 
6yjio aTecioBaao, an pi3KO eoniajicTiiyiri. Hpoie, fipajsiacyi iepe«ori 
flapeKTopil npHBeiH ,n x r o, m fi hh» bijihioh He nomaciEjio 
Hiioro 3 p 6 h t n. 

. . . Kpi* yctoro n>aro, ocofijiHBy ysary asepHyB GyB ,ITpOTo$ic' Ha <f P"y- 
BaHHa iiojh.ci.khx BinctKOBHi lacTHH. II,i laciHHH dyao BH3HaH0 ,\epHcaBa«H AniaHIH, 
sk ia«HHy BiKcBKa AsTaHTH. ,IIpoio(jic' rajaa BnEopacTani i'x 3a *ia saxnciy 
iHTepeciB ue.iiiKux aemieBJiacHHBiB ... 3 npBBOffy opram3an,i5 n,j.oro Biiictiea ,JIpoTO- 
$ic' nia neperOBopa 3 noatcwoiw jpajifiv. ^epes npeawaBEHKa fioro b Khibi." 

^IenaTH nicjifl unx HeB;ia."[]ix aaso^iB Ha „BJiacHy yKpaiHCbKy apmro" 
(Syjto no uemuii mpi 6e3Hafl,iiHO. Xom tea. CKoponaflCboi i noxBajrnBCH 
b cBOifi rpaMori, mo b!h hojiosiib „MiHHi ochobd: CTEopeHHio yKpainctKOi 
apurii i ^ifcOTy", ojiaaMe b aificHOc™ reTbuaHCbKinl ypnj, mioro He spoons ,pa 
cTBopeHHH yKpalHCboIapaii. feHepaji CjcoponaflCbKHH npocTO Cojtbch i He air 

HpIICTyHHTH RO Vf,OTO 3aBJi;aHEa" IipH TOiy CTpaillHOM'y TepOpi, HKIlit BiH BHlfflHB 

Hafl, ceiHHCTBOM i po6iTHHn,TBOi. Gjpraoro npodoio b him HanpHMi 6yjia opfam- 
Banja CKOponaacbKmr „cepp)ip.KHx" BiiicbKOBHi lacTHH 3 HOMimn^tKni Ta 
KypKyjiBCBKirs r T,iTeii ftxa BiiacHOi oxoponn. TaK 3BaHa opr'amaania yKpalH- 
cmcofo KoaaitTBa, aanoBi^HEeHa yHiBepea,ioai CKopona,i,ci.Koro Biji; 16. :kobthh 
1918., ^onipy ho no^HHajiaCf> (I I). CnojyBaTHCb Ha aKyct iiiflTpHMKy 
ninpoKHs Haposflix itac he flOBOKiuioci.. Orace CTaHOBHme reTLMaHctKOi 
BJiafln 6yao aificHO Tpai'iraHe. Xbhsh Hapo,!UiBoro raiBy loraa koskhoI 
xbhjibhh aaecTn CKOponaftCtKOro 3 iioro KOamriiiEnK ypflSOM 3 irmiH senuti. 

trVUIHOK) BepOTBOK) i CDJIOK), H[0 X01 TpOXH MOrJia mSTpHSaTH j^ICHOBeJILMOa;- 

Horo nana reTtBaaa", aa.iiima.niL'b mockobcbkI o$Hn;epH i saarajii ^opHO- 
coTeHai peaKQ^iiHi eaeieHTH. 3ocTaBaaacB me Hajija Ha AHraHry, Ha 
BHca^Ky Hero cBoro aecama b Oj,eci. Aae o6nj^Bi n^ cilth BKBaraJiH acHoro 
i o^BepToro Kypey Ha „e^,HHy HLv^kiiMy", o6n^Bi bohh ne loran npnMBpn- 
thcb 3 KoajiiHjiumiM npaBHTejiBCTBOis i iioro KOMnpomicoBOio nojiiTiiKoro. 
nojriniHKH i KaniTajricTH BHMarajm Bin tes. CKOpoil*iCLKoro ujjiKOBHTOro 
nocayxy, njjiKOBHToro ni,nnop]iARyBaHim uojiiTHKn reTLJiaHctKoro npaBHTejib- 
CTBa IXHii oacoBiiM cou;k.TbHO-eKonoMinnniM i ji;epaiaBHO-noJiiraHHHM iH- 
Tepecaw. KoaainjflHnfi KaomeT KOHaB, m^piBaHnfi BHyTpinraiiH TepTHiH. 
„Eipmaa BejinKaa Poccia" no^iajia BHftaao iiepeMaraTH.*) 



*J B nefi 'iac noiajiacB no BejuKBi sdciai yKpalBH, nicaa pimenBa reTiBaa- 
clboi'o ypa^y, opfauiaaiiia ^ofipoBOjiiiBX spyaHH „3 bcbhhi ejieiceHTiB jnoflBOCTH" — 
pocificiKHi o$Hn;epiB. ;\,ssi n uij(TpBiiaHna .lajjy fl 3aK0HH0CTH b saaiojiHeBjii aicHas 
yKpalHB". Ha no^aTKy aiiCToua^a fiyno BHsaao ciaijT npo n.i jtpyatHHH. B CTaiyii 
(Syao 8a3Ha^eno, m,o B $aKT apnnajieatHocTH ro KpystHmi ae aBJiaeiLca ftaa kockob- 
ctKoro o^unepcTBa ^aRios Bcryny ua yKpaiaciKy BiBciEOBy cayacCy". Ha soai 
khIbcikoi io6poB03Eiioi spyatHHH ciaB leHepaa JI. II. K i p n i ^ b, 3 HaiaJtranKOK 
miaCy fenep. JI. T. fl e k i n b h m. Boaiuci aaBopyrnefft, ocoSjihbo na neati 3 Co- 
BirctKOio Pocieio, feHep. CKoponaactKHit oroaocHB 10. jiHcionaja ^lepHnriBniBHy, 
HoiiTaBm;nuy i Knlfinvnuy aa BiucLKOBoay ciani. IIpiicnimeniiM tcmuojc iini^a opfani- 



— 119 — 



16. ilepentora „eahhoi HenoAMbHOi aeiiHKoT Pocif" (YcxyiuieHHa 
Koajin;iHHoroKa6iHeTy, rpaBOTa I'enep, CKoponusci. koto 
upo <Jte japan,iio yKpalHH 3 MocKOBmifHoio). IIpBcniineincM 
TeMHOM cnpaBa ihujia 3,0 CBoei JibOi'aiBOi poasasKH. Bca MOCKOBCtica pax& 
roTOBHJiact ao aycrpfti na repeal YKpainn „,T,oponix cotoaHHKiB". OprtiB 
e^nHoro MOCKOBCbKoro HanjoHajitHoro (pponxy — „PyccKia Tokocr" 

imcaB: 

„Te3eipa(ji npHBic siciKy npo le, mo b Ojieci 11 CeBacionoai roTywitca so 
3 ycipi^i coK>3HiiKiB. Mh nojraaiaeMO TH»MacoK Ha 6on,i Bci HaoiauH niel paflicHoI 
;inicTKii, Kpia oa,aoro. He fi tu&kh n,e o;we npiwyuiye nac aapas siilJtjrui Euiao 
i serito : aaropLiaci sopa o6ciHanHH Pocil, aaropiiact sopa hoboI CBfrjioi fiy^piHUBn ! 
UpHBiT tbk, ftaa Koro inicTB Oj'kb iBBHU „Poccia" oyaa, ecn idysy". tffuni, a ne 
micTLuxa lacTUHaHii Toro, no Be hobhhho 8yiH m «flHHim, m BeaHKM, hi camo- 

CtifiHH»." 

IIo bLhcmcobo HacTHHai 6yjio naao otjiiaiimirH Hanaa roxyBaraeb 
AO aycTpim cobbhhktb. B mihcbkhx caHOBpsjyBaHnfli (ocooshbo b khib- 
CbKoay) mockobcbkofo oypsyaaieio i AOHOKpaxieio Bnpou.ia.nioi, muhh Biuany- 
BflTnrtr coioaHHKiB, pocnpejufljncb po.ii, roxyBaancb npoMOBH. ToBapnur mI- 
nicTpa saKOpflOHHM cnpaB A. fail in „SBSBjBaB63 u a „C0R>3nnKaini' i , Ha 
uy-ninax mcT 6i.is inxatfiB AoopoBOiLbinx apyatini no<iara Maaaixn Tpbox- 
KOJibopoBi aanjonajiKni pociiicbid npaaopn. yjcpalan He MOaaa oyjio bsec 
liianaTH: bcfoah 6yB „pyc«;iii r Tyx", bck>ah asepjpjro peaKnjiiHOfO mockob- 
nunam yKpaiHCbid eireiearn oyjio aaiaaao Ha aajisipKH. FoBOpHTH Ha 
Fiy.iimax no yicpalHCbKOMy, MaHaJecTyBaxH yKpaincbKiiii „cenapaxii3ii u CTaio 
in'i'teaiie^HO. 

CxaaoBHine yicpalncbKHX MiclvTpiB b KadiaeTi CTaao npoeio desr.-iya- 
ABM. 3 bhmh aoBcia na paxyBMHfL, Ix irtiopyBa.ni. Hapemxi, b raaexax 
a'asmiocb HOBiAOJoeHaa, n;o I'enepajia ^eHiKiHa npH3Ha>ieH0 BepxoBaam 
roiiOBHOKOMaHjiyto'uiH yciMa BuicbKOBHMn cir.ia™. mo 6y.ui b eoI TOO Ha 
TL'piiTopii CyBiitoi PociT. B Ka6iaeTi MimcTpiB BiAOyaocb Gypx-inne aaciAaaaa. 
MiHicTpn- 7 ,HpoTO(j>icoBn,i'' aaaBH^n, mo h,hh caans i yKpamcLKa apiria mjc- 
BopaAKOBycTijca i inycflTL (Syra niAnopa;i,KOBaHa fenepajiOBi ^eEuciHOB^. 
MinicTpH-yKpaiHui 3anpOTecTyBaJiH, B6aiaio>£n b nix uopyiueHHa cyBepomTe-Ty 
yKpalacBKOf ^epaiaBH. Biahochbh aarocTpniinCb 30 Kpaio. n npoxoiicOBnj u 
cioa.iH Ba CBoeiiy i B^HBaaa Bij],noBia,H«x aaxo^is, m aBajKaioin he irpo- 
tccth j'KpaFHCbKnx MinicTpiB. 14. jiHcrona,na 6yjio poaiaiaao n no Kopnycax 
yKpamcbKOl apHii" ciiiuiHy Tejiei'paiy npo n noatiHBicTi. yiBopeHHa ^hhhoto 
!ipoTii6o.n>DieBHni,KOro $poHTy a aieTOjo aaxHCTy KyibTypH Ta npaBa". 
B reHepajibHomy BlTa6i o^nu;epH p03po6nffjni (Ma nposoAOM noJtKOBHBsa 
CiiBiaciKoro) n.iaH „o6eAHaHHa KOuaHsyBaHHa BiiicbKaMH ^,oaa, yKpaiafl 
xa ^o6poBo;ib«ioi Apiii hja BepxoBBBM KOMaHAyBaHaaa AOCBi^eaoro KOKaa- 
Aipa ^ofipoBO-ibioI Apnl, rtHepaJia jI,eHiKiBa u . A n;e nepeA nan i'enep. 
CKopona^CbKHB BiA<SyB TaeanraHO odcTaajieHy aycxpi? 3 OTaaaHOM ^oncbKoro 
BificLKa I'eHepajroM KpacHOBHM, na aiaa Cyjio ysoB-ieHO, mo rtHep. 
CKoponaACbKHB r aae pirnyHo hith no maaxy AOBepraeflaa xoro xaacKoro, 
aae BeaHKoro i ciasaoro, mo npnroxoBiiJia jip.a. bboto icTopia", aa CKaaaa 
rtaep. KpacHOB, xo6-to no nuiaxy BiA^yAOBH eAHaoi Pocil (12). 

aanja „Oco6aHBoro Kopnycy", mo 6yB b pocnopaH!KeHH» caBoro ienep. Csoponaji 
cwsoro. O^HB,epiB bis 35. 40 43. poKy atHira KofiLaiayBaaoci. 



_ 120 — 



Hapeiim, BHHHKaa cupaBa 0KtHBBHHfl yjEpalHCbKOrO HanjOHasbEoro 
Kom'pecy, npn3Ha<ieHOro Han,ioHajibHim Coiosom Ha 17. JincTona^a. „IIpoTO- 
<picoBni' i apoo*n.in onip : Hiaicoro YKpalHCEKoro HaoioHanbEoro Kom'pecy 
bohh pimyio He xotIih .nonyeTHTH. 

Jtia yKpaiHctKirx MimcipiB aajninraJiocb niraa ECboro n?.oro ojipe: 
bhhth ai CKaajy npaBHTeJibCTBa, mo bohh h spoon.™ 14. jrncTonaji;a. 
„Koajriii,iio l! oyjo aipBano. I'eHepaa CKoponaflCLKnfi piiiiyio CTas na 6k 
icTnHHO-pycBKiix KaniTajiieTiB i noniimiKiB. 14. jmeTona^a Bin saTBep^HB 
eobhh r osHopojqmB u peaKn^HHO-MOCKOBCbKHH Kaomei b Tajcoiy CKaaai: 
rojtoBa pa^H jdmcTpiB i THamcoBHfi mMctp io6opo6cTBa — C. H, T e p- 
6 en 6, jrimeTp (jiuianciB — A. K. PajenentKnH, idhictp BEyTpiniHix 
cnpaB — ^ I. KicTflKOBebKHfi, mMctp 3aKop,a,OEHHx cnpas — ■ T. 6. A <Ji a- 
Eacbes, THMHaeoBO BHKOHyiotKH o6oBfl3KH BiftcbKOBoro sriflicTpa — 
,3,. 0. m y h, k o fi, MOpcbKHfi MimcTp — ajpripaji A. F. HoKpOBCbKHH, 
mMctp npanj — npO(fi. B. A. KocincbKEfi, ainicTp. Topry i iipoMnc- 
jobocth — C. <fr. MepiHi', MiBdcTp Hapojisboi ocbIth — B. II. Hay- 
men e o, MiaiCTp npOflOBOabHHX cupas — I\ B. I" ji i e k a, MiElCTp KiCTHHil 
— B. H. PeftEfiOT, RtywzBmm KOHTpoju>op — C. H. IleipOB, mMctp 
ajopoBJifl — ■ B. K). JI H) 6 a n c b k h fi, miHicTp cnOBinanb — M. M. B o p o- 
eobhh, thmh. ynpaaiaioEHH fliHicTepexBOM mjaxiB — B. G. JlaHfleo'epi', 
flepacaBEHH ceitpeTapb C. 3aBascbKn fi.*) 

Toro-TaKH 14. JiHCTOna^a 6yjio orojEOiueno „rpaiiOTy TeTbHiaHa sciel 
yKpaiBH no Bck yKpamcbKHx ipoua^H i K03aKiB YKpaimi", aKOM Kacy- 
Baaacb cyBepeHmcTb yKpalHCbKOl ^epacaBH i nporojioinyBajiacb (Jte^epania 
YKpalEE 3 BeJiHKopocieio. Ocb smicT n,boro aOKytieflTy : 

„HepeHuppa aias HiMeiiHHQio i Ji,cpa;aBaMii Bro^u saomeso. Haiiiqiiuamma 
BifiHa CKiniBJiacL, i nepefl Hapoa,aim BCBoro cBiry cio'iTb cKJia^He saaflaHHs yiaopHTH 

OCB0B11 BOBOrO 5EHTTE. 

Cepea peniTH iaciHH MBorocTpaflaJiBEoi Pocil Ha j,oek> yspalBH BHnajia 
nopiBHwicxiH 6ijiME maejiMa aojia. yRpaina nepiua aaaeaa y cefie ocnosa nopsjuy 
fi 3aKtiBnocTH. Ups spyajEifl flonoBMi Ocepe^nix Jl,epiKaB Bona saxoaajia cnoicifi ax 
a.0 HBHiiinaoro hm. Ciasjia^HCB z BeiBKHB cuiBiyriaM jo Bcix lepniia, asi nepe- 
iKiiBa-'ia pijpa Ifi BenuKopocis, J'Kpalna Bciua cujiaxu CTapa.iaci. ggnomurTn cboim 
Cpaiaii, oKasyioiiH lit seaHKy rocTHHnidt i niftiepacyioHii Ii Bcisia HoaBHBnMH 3aco- 
■ 6aaH b OopoTifii sa Bi;nnoBJieEnn b Pocil isepsoro ^epataBHoro nopasKy, 

Hnni nepex na«H hobo flepacaBHe 3aBMBH9. JI,epataBH BroftH 3ffaBHa 6}jih 
npHaieaaiiH Koanmntol BejiHKOl i e^hhoi PocifictKO] flepaaBH. Tenep, niciH nepe- 
iKBTax Pocieio BeaHKM 3aBopymeE£, yMOBH II aattfiyTiitoro iCTHyaaHna aoBBum, C$3- 
yMOBHO, 3niHHTHCB. Ha BBBiBi i[pnui],iiiai, Ha npn ii ninai ^eppaiaBim 
U o b si n n a 6 y t h b i s a o b :i c ii a jaiBi, lurviuiui i c n ji a Bce- 
pocificiKOl .HepffiaBii. B nifi $esepan;il yKpalni KaaesiHTi. 
3 a fl u a t 11 opo sjtepmux m i c u t, 60 Bi^ Hei uimog nops^ois i aaKoiiHicii. 
b Kpaio i b 11 xexax nepnuiu pas CBoOinao BUadiaa aci npnHiia:eHi fi nparHo6:ieHi 
CojanieBHUBEBK jecnoTHSHoat rpoataasne CyBiuo'i Pocii. Bia nel ac BHiinwH spyacfia 
3 eSHaHna 3 caaBHaa BceoeJHiKHM ,fl,onox i caaBEiiaH KySanCLKHan i TepcSKKMH 
Ko3an;TBaMH. Ha n;ii jipnaniiiai, siti — aflipio— no^iiaoTB i Bci 
C0M3HHKH Poci'i, JepiaBi iirosu, a TaKO/K asiH He aoasyit He cnis- 
Hyaaxu bci fica BHnaTKy hbuiL HapoRH ne tuij>kii EsponH, aae i acioro CBiiy, 11 0- 

*) yKpaiflCLKa apiSsa Cypffiyasis — yjl,xn J r IIC4> i „BceyKpa'iHctKHtt coioa 
ftpiOmix i cepenaji BJiacHnKiB" — yMOBaaJia fl ynpoinyBajia fenep. CKoponaacticoro He 
psam s HCK>, He BisnasaiHCL CeanoBopoTHO aa hockoecbkhx noainiBKiB i KaniiaaiciiB 
fi yisopHTM yKpa'iflCBKnii KafiiHeT »iHicTpiB. OaHaie CKoponaftCBKiil, uipmiii codi, 
CasaKi'iii aanoOirm jiacEH noBoro nana — AHiaHTH, pimyio nimoB cboIm bihhioh. 



— 121 — 



b b h b a 6 y t h BCyaoBama MaiifiyTHa noaiTHsa HamoiyKpai'HH, 
Ifi nepmifi aaiBiHTt DiicrynniH b enpaai yTBopeHns Bee- 
pociicLKo! $eRepan,iI, asol Koiieittoio letoio <S y fl e b i a- 
HOBJieHHfl BejiiiKo5 Pocil. 

B ocsrneBHio njel Bern jiencBTt aanopyKa aoCpoCyTy, ok Bciel Pocil, Tan 
i aaCesneieHHH eKOHOHiiqHO-KyjLLTypHoro posBHTtsy n,Laoro yicpalBctKoro napo^y na 
Mi^HM niffCTaBax BanioHaJiiHO-ffepataaHol cano6yTBOcTB\ random uepesOHaHHH, mo 
BHmi miaxn fiyM 6 3ara6iMio ;wh casiol yitpalHH, a KJiniy bcix, Koay jjopor;i i'i 
aailfiyTHicTt, ticho 3BasaHa 3 oy.nyiHHOM i nacTaa Bciel Pocii, seflHamca oLaa Bene 
i ciain rpyAiHH ejuihci y k p a S h h i Pocil a Bipjo, mo b uiB 
CBSTiS naTpioTHiHiil enpasi bh, rpoaajtsHe i K03anH YKpaiEH, a taKox i pemra 
jiio^hocth, aacTe cepaeiay i aoryrHio niffrpHMKy. 

HoBOCfopstoBaHony h a it h KafiiHeroBiasopyiaio iaii- 
(aiane bdhohhj nioro sennuoro ictopmioio saBjanEi 
HasJo CKoponaxciKii S." 

TaK njeio ocTaHHtoio rpaMOTOio fenepajra CKoponascbKOro ji,onoBHH)- 
Ba.iaci. i saumKa-iaeb ucpiria itoro rpaMOTa. Hepma i nocjii^na ■ — n,e sea 
raHefim ctobbk na Epyiax xoro CTpainnoro npoBaraa, b axe r qii;raTjpa 
Oyparyasii Kimyja Ha iyunx ciM aicHii,iB yKpatectKirii Hapia;. IlepnioK) rpa- 
motoh) CKoponafl:cEKHfi jriKBi^yuaB Bci cou.iHJiKHO-eKonoira'iHi i nojiTnim 
peBOJKia^ilHi sjoojtkh jTcpaiHctKoro npaEjoicraoro Hapojiy i HaKia^aB na 
Htoro paficTBO th&koi cohumbhoi neBOJii. OcTaHHLOio CBoeio rpaMOTOio ma 
aiKBi^yBaB i apyry lacTimy peB0JnonjiiHnx sjjoCyTiriB — yKpaiHCtKy ^ep- 
jKaBHicTt, nporojiomyfoiH 4>ej];epanj£0 YKpalHii 3 Mockobjuhhoio, hk nepe- 
xosobhA CTyniHB £0 „K0HeiEoI iseTH — BiflHOBaeHHH BennKoi Podf." 
OcTaaHH rpaMOTa hijikom hociIhobho, taotmao i a HeooxwricTio Bnii.m- 
B&ia a nepnioi': BisuiTOBXHyBmii Bi£ cede i KHHyBnra b eKOHOsniHHe paficTBO 
eji,EHy ocHOsy yicpaiHCMcoI jjepacaBHOcra - — npauroiMHH Juo,a;, Tpyjose 
ce.iHHCTBO i pooiTnmi,TBO — Ta BirrsopeHy e;iwh BepcTBamn yicpaiHC&Ky 
Tpyiosy inTraii'cHniio, i cnepnmcb b cboih po6oxi BHKjnorao na nomiu,HKiB 
i KaniTajriCTiB yKpaiHn, BepcTBii HanionajitHO He yKpaiHCbid, I'eaep. Citopo- 
na^ctKHH MyciB, xcj 6n Toro fi He xoriB i MpiaB upo cTBopemiH yKpaia- 
chKOi Honapxii, jphth ao hobhoI jiiKBisanii yKpaiHCbKoI nepaajBHOCTii, 
ycKiajiHeHHH MiatHapojiHboro xaparaepy: nepeiiora nqmaB AHTaHTn i pos- 
(ihtth IJeHTpaakHHx ^epsaB, TBOpn^B i nisnopn reTbnaamiiHH, majin flaa 
Sanoi cnpaBH spyropacrae, He npHHHiuoBe, a n,iwiK0M Texarme ana'iiiraa. 
Bohii Hi^ncniiniMH po3BH3Ky, ajie nepoflpiiueHa 6yjia BOHa bcihi nonepeftHiir 
poaBHTKOJi reTbuaHiioinn, jik Ma-in in naro^y He paa nepeKOHaTHct 3 oriiHjiy 
nomTHKii reTMaHctKoro ypanj 3a Beci. >iac fioro jpajbHoeTH (BapTO iipn- 
raji,aTH iyi xoh 6h sHajteHHTe iaTepBio jiHaoryda npo jroaciHBicTt (pe- 
sepanh", ^ane hhm b nad BiftetKOBOl bo^thocth I^eHTpajitHHx ^epsaB). 
YKpaiHCbKa 6ypsyaaHa flepxaBmcrt He loate (5yTH BisposxeHa cnaaan 
nau;ioHa!ii,HO-yEpalHCbKOi tfypatyasii, xoh 6n BOHa toto i xoTLia, 60 Bona 
3aHaji;To aajia hecjiom, 6c3CH.itHa i Misepaa b nopiBHHHHio 3 HeyKpaiHCtKOio — 
MOCKOBCbKO-eBpeflcbKO-HOJibCbKOio fiypxyaaieio yKpaiHH. 1 TyT, kojh MOHjaa 
Tai; cnaaaTH, iiojiHrae Tpai'irsi yKpafHCtKoi (HanioHajibHOi) dypayaaii. 
KiaeoBi, conisabHo-eKOHOMHiHi iHTepecn ii' iitTOBxaioTb Ha 6oport6y 3 yKpalH- 
CSfim poSiTHHH,TBOM i cojaHCTBOM, n,ie(o eflHHOK) oCHOBOto yKpamcbKorO 
Hapojj' i ^epxaBHOCTH: b^Likom ace npnpoAHiii i HeofixiinnH jlih o6opoiur 
tux ace oacoBnx 11 kTepeciB nepes yKpai'HCtKHS npaHioioHHM jhosoi in— 
TepHauioHa-TtHnri coios 3 pemioio dypatyaaii yKpaiHH, Pocil tt HHirax cy- 



— 122 



cinBix Kpai'H neap Vi — nanionajitny yKpalHCticy dypatyaaiio b ciaH Boporis 
yKpalHCtKOi j,eps;aBHOeTH, nasiTb apxH-peaKuiiraoi i oypiKyaaHOl. Hcho mora 
Hboro, mo fi reTbiaBDiirna w>na ierayBaTH twi.kh 3aB,T,HHH 36iroBi muk- 
HapoAnix o6cTaBHH, b uepniy lepry aaB^aKH ofic3CHJieHHK) pocincBKOI 6jp- 
a;ya3Hoi sepKaBHOCTn i npHiiii, uLiiTapirifi ni,a,TpHjm,i HeffrpajibHHX ^epjKas. 
I Tpefia oyjto aaxitTaiucb mbKn o^eifi a rax ma;Hapo,pix cii.i, m aid 
cnipaBes rtHep. Gcopouajr,cbKHH, ppefia 6yao BuicJinKara peBO-Kon^iim aa- 
BopynieHra b miien,bKiix Butcbitax na YKpaim, sm rmxe, niTyqae jepeBO 
reTbuanniHHH (Syao panTOM i buncos uiflpiaaHO b caMift cboih ochobI J^oSpa 
Hayita jlth yKpamcbKoi" oypatyaaif, na kojm 6 icTopia cyjpraa III me paa 
cnpo6yBaTn (Jy^Bara yKpaiwcbKy (SypatyaaHy jepjKSBHicTb i Ha kojih 
6 oypacyaaia a^aTHa Gyjia wocb HaBimraci,. 

Ta BepHeaocb ji;o jna 14. — 15. aHCTona^a 1918. B xwtok jo 
rpaMora rtmepajia CKopona.nci.Koro HOBoyTBopennfl KadiHCT MiaicTpiB onwio- 
chb 15. JiHCTOua^a („cpoiHo") noByjomiemia npo cboI HattCjinsrai aaEjuaiDia 
TaKoro sMicTy: 

„Jlp]ii'ryiiniJiiii[ no miKouainm cboix odoBiaEiB, Pa;ia MisicTpis yKpaiaciKoI 
JlcpacaBn nouoniin. no aarajimoro Binona, mo uaflonniU'iiiMii ssa^aiaxii II s'ih-ib- 
hocih Syne: 

1. Ilpan,ii kojio BuoynonanHJi c^bbo! Pocii na ^enepaniBHitx ocnosax 3 sa- 
AepacauHBM na yKpalni bcii npau Ha po3BBTOK Vi sepa:aBuocin i HanjOHajiLHot 
caMo6yiBocTH; 

2. U6epeateBnn i aainHeHHfl aepstaBnoro ,iany ea yKpalni, mo nonce 6yni 
Aocdi'iiyio .inmeni. npii ysuBi saGcaiieuenitn yKpa'iini si^ anapxi'i i Gojii.nieBH.iMa; 

3. Heraiine orosomenBH aaKony upo ,Hep;tcaBHnn Cohm i BnGopn no nboro 
Ha xesoKparaiHBi ocnoBax; 

4. Henear>na pe$opua na ocnoiiax, onoBimeniii llanos rcTLuaHOis b rpaioii 
Bin 29. woBTBa n,. p.; 

5. Oiopona nojinmcHt yBOB npanj; 

6. 3ButneHHH Topry Bin ofiHeiEenb i b nepiuy lepry CKacysaHHS xaiGHOl 
BOHuno.ii'i ra tbgpahi ttin Ha rjiio; 

7. HerauHo sac Ojtii bjkhto cairai pimyiui saxoAiB no BinnoBJieuua aanis- 
iiiiMoro TpaBcnopry i no noaoKuieHUn xapioBiii i shtjobux acnoron cjiyacantRX 
i poGhonKtB na 3anbBEn;nx. 

3Han)iH i!cio Tpynnicit CBoel npan;i b o;efi lac, Fan,a MinicipiB cnoniBaeiLca, 
wo BaacKHil o6nBS30K, KOTpuB cnan na i"i noJtn. Syne no.iei;meHo ainpoKiim scpci- 
nam j»AnocTfl, KOtpi Biniyiott BOTpedy 3a6yiH napiifiHi i nan.ioHaai.Hi sesro^E 
juib ocanieHnn BeaHKoI mctii OHOBJiennB pinnoro Kpaio Ha ne*OKpatHiHHX ocHOBax." 

3BiiHaftH0, Bci 3aaBH b n,ifi ,ji,eKJiapai];ii" npoTOipicoBiijji npo ckjih- 
KaHHa CofiMy Ha seMOKpaTiramix oeHOBax, upo nepeBeAeHHS 3eMe.ibH0l pe- 
(jiopmn Ta B3araJii upo „OHOB.TCnnfi pi^uoro Kparo aa ji,eMOKpaT[i i iHiix ocho- 
Bax" 6y,iu jmn;eMipHBiiM i iriflCTytmniiM. 3T3AH noiimaKiB i i[poTO(picoBii,iB, 
mo OjtfiyjuicL Hem,o r T,aBHO, aaCopona CK-iHKaaHa YKpamcbKoro natdoaajitHoro 
Kom'pecy fi EHuri jiaBmiui fi CBiaimi (j»iikth CBij^DUlB KpacsoMOBHO upo toh 
dpexjiiiBHH ,,^,eM0KpaTH3M" iioiimiinibKo-KaiiiTajicTuqHoro MOCKOBCbKoro npa- 
TeatcTBa na YKpaiHi. 

I HeMOB 6h uaBMHCHe ^eut noBCTauHij ao shtm hoboto peaKn;inHO- 
BOCKOBGbKoro upaBHTeabCTBa ua YKpaim <lyjio osuajieHOBaHo poacTpLiou 
sspHOl CTyAeHCbKO-poSiTHHio! iiaHitp ecTan;ii b KniBi^Vno Biiitiujia Ha bj- 
junp b 'lepBOHJiMH upanopaiu i peBOJiioiuflHHMn cniBaMn. HeBmnia KpoB, 
npoMra reTbrnancbKHsra acau^apMafflH, aaoacb lepBonnai chmbojiom rpasj r iu,oi 
6esiipocBiTHboi peaKn;ii i anoiHHirax HamipiB rerbMaHnynni. 






Ta reTBinaamani Bxe npnxoflHB Kiaenb. HanionajitEnfi Cokb, bhko- 
pncTOByro^H CHTyairiK) — peBo;uon,iio b Hiae'i'iani t;i ABCTpo-YropmiiHi i 3bh- 
aaHHH a tifis pocK-iaji b HiMen,bKo-aBeTpo-yropc&KiM sinctKy Ha ynpalHi, — 
piurHB CTaiH Ha noli ceJiancbKoro HOBCTaHHH npoTH reTMiaHmiiHH. 

B mi a 14. Ha 15. Bse 6y.io p03.1in.1eH0 na ByaHnnx Kuiaa Biflo- 
3By ^HpeKTopii YKpaiHCbKOi HapOjiHtoI PecnyoanKH, hkoio reTtMas oixmo- 
inyBaBCH yaypnaTopoM Kiajm 1 spajiHHKOM yKparacLKoI ftepataBH. 

17. [Iaahh JiiHBiAauiV reTbMaHiUHHH. PeT&MaHmnHa ne uaaa npaB- 
jyrBOl ninnopii m b o^mii cyciikbrnH BepCTni na YKpaiHl ropHyanci. 
no nel fiijitni-MeHiu ninpo Tiabri ae-airi MuitaHCLici Ta cmcbKi icyp- 
KyitiBCbKi ejeKeHTH, aid xotjjih Cannm b reTbMaiiniHHi o6opoay cboix 
3,pi6Ho6ypagfa3HHx KjIhcobhx, coiriajiiHO - eKOHOMHHHHx, a paaoa 3 thm 
i HanioHa.ii.iio-i.v.iuTypHnx ircrepeciB. Ta fi nj eJte«eHTn, speniTOio, <5yjm 
b neBaifi CBOiil lacram ojnnxHyTi a;o Ta6opy Bopoaaix reTLMaHiujiHi cilt 
rocTpoio BeJEHKo6ypa:ya3HOK) kjihcobok> hojuthkoso reibMancbKoro ypayry 
i manime HaBiTb Cpajui ae-aKy ynacTb b noBajienflio feaep. CKopouaji,cbKoro. 
noMimiiKH i KaniTaiieTH, opramaanjeio skhx BJiacae i 6y.ua reTbMaaaTHHa, 
BHKopncTOByBajrH i nJHimH li, hk auapaT Ix KiacoBoro nanyBaHHa, hk aacilS 
jlih BHaucKy i HOHeBO-ieEM npan,K)K)Hnx yKpateebKHX Mac, o^Haie CTaBH-mci. 
jo Hel oflBepTO BOpoaie, hk .op $opjra yKpalacbKoI .aepaiaBHocTn: h^o 
ocTaHHfo $opny bohh Tepni.ni tLti.kh iii,t, apusfycoM 3<5iry MutHapoipix 06- 
CTaBira Ta nopa3Kn oypacyaaii B MocKOBmttai, BBaaaioiH II THiiaeoBoio 

] BHKOpnCTOBJTOTH, HK Opl'aHiaa^iilHHH RCHTp jLTO tfopOThOH 3 COBlTCbKOH) 

Pocieio i peBOJHonjeio y BcepociflcLKOMy MacuiTa6i, 

111,0 a: TOpKamea 3,0 aKTHBaax BoporiB, aid roTOBi 6yim kojkhoi 
XBH.ii nisHaTHCb sopoilao npora reTbMamiuiHH, to Ix Syjio 6iabiue, ids Mas 
ini.iiii'i, jiKniici. nHiunii pesaiif. Ilepuioio i Haiirpi3aim,oio cihok) oy.io yKpa- 
iHCbKe rpyjose — Majio3eMe;ibHe i 6e33esiejibHe ceaancTBO Ta po6ithh]j,tbo, 
qco&uibo nepine. CaiancbKi noBCTaHBH, hk mh Bse fiawm, He sniyxajni 
a m Ha ojtfiR jtem.; bohh to npHTHxajii, nepexo r T,Hiii ,1,0 dopoTtdii HeBean- 
khmh napTH3aHCbKiiMn aaromiMH, to o6xonJnoBajin uiupiui lepeHU i TBopiura 
KuibKaTHCflTflii apiflii. HacTHHa noBCraHCbKHX aarosiB 3 HacoM nepeTBopHJiacb 
b uocTinm, noajfim jo pei'yjmpHnx, BifietKOBi HacTiran; ^e-HKi 3 ocTaHHix, 
He MaKrai 3Mom onepTiicb nacTynoBi Hiaen;bKoro BiffcbKa, nigmme opfafli- 
30BaHo nepefiuuiH Ha TepHTopiio CoBiTctKoI Pocil. HafidraaiTy y i iacTt b Ufa 

nOBCTaHHflX, HK KepOBHHKH, 6paiTH YIICP (I'OJIOBHIIM HIIHOM MBS, Wma) T3 

Hjremi CeaHHekKoI CniJiKn; 6pajut y«iacTb b hhx, hk oKpeii oeofifi, i po- 
ciiictKi eoimieBEKn na yKpami, aae bohh He 6j:ia 3BH3aHi opi'ajrisainiiuo 
a m a ynCP, a m b CejiHHCbKoio ChItkok), i npo hhx mh cKaxeMO nia- 
nime. Ojmaie YECP (o$in;iflJibHiH, aiBifi) ne b^moch bshth ce,MHCbKoro 
HOBCTancbKOro pyxy hItkom b cboI pyKH, b BeJiHEiit Mipi nepea tc, mo 
nap™ CBoenacHO He p03po6n;ia Many aarajibHoro BceyKpaiHCtKoro hob- 
CTaHHg npoTH reTbMaHiHiian i ae yTBopmia noTpiCHOro ^Jifl n>oro Bceynpa- 
iiicr.Koro peBo^ioii,iHHO-noaiTHHHoro u,eHTpy: jpa i;boro napTia He Maia 
b noTpioHiii Mipi a m chpi, a m aBTopuTeTy, a ni opi^niaanjf Ho-Texmranix 
SBaaKiB a HOBcTaHcbKirMn e.iei»eHT:iMii y BceyKpaiHCbKoay MacuiTaGi. 

Jljase nu,TbHO CTesHJia aa peBOJiionifiHO-uoBCTaHCbKHM pyxoM Ha Yk- 
palm MocKOBCbKi 6o.ibuieBHKH, ocoCobo Ta fpyna ix, aKa BHixaaa 3 yiqta- 



— 124 — 



Ihh mew JoKBi^an;iE YKpaiHCbKoi' Paji,aHeLKO[ PecnyoanKii. U,a nacTHHa [mo 
BJiTKy 1918. yTBOpiwa Ha MockoejhhhI KoMynicTH^Hy IlapTijo (oojibui.) 
>'i:|>iilHii] KLitKa paaiB npofiysajia bsath npoflia naji; noBCTaHHflMii b cboi 
pyKH, TBOpHaa ;yia njei noTpeou „po6iTHHiie-ce.iflHCbKnfi ypa,!, J'Kpai'iin'-, 
coaflaaa i oroaoniyBaaa MaHi^ecra ao npoampiflTy i Tpyipsoro ceaaa- 
CTBa YKpalHU a aaKjniKOU cram jip afipoiinol OopoTbfiu a reTbMaHinjJHOio 
aa BixaoaieEHfl Pa^aHCbicoi YKpaiHH. Oanaie Hi oana a h,hx cupod He 
Maaa yeirixy: m poomnmTKO, ai tiim Oiitiue ccishctbo YKpalHH ne Bi#- 
iyBaao b opi'afliaoBaHiix b MockbI r podiTiQiie-ceJiaaciiKHx ypaiBjc" cboix 
npiipoAHix peBO-iioii;iiiHux u,eHTpiB i yepea ne He BiajyicyBaaocb Ha lx aa- 
K.1HKH i ne CTaBajici nia. fx Hposia,, xot pajymcLKi .wwym'H KOMVHicriB 
(6ojitmeBnKiB YKpainn) i Maaii upnxuabHHKiB cepea. pooiTHHie-ceaflHetKiix 
mac, OcTaHmS „po6i™[<ie-ceaflHCbKHii ypaji, YKpaiHfl" HOTepnus noBiuiir 
Heycnix Ha Yb-paiiii i 6ys aa. n,e „poa;KaaoBaH]iH" b MocKBi came na ne- 
peapam HOBCTaHHH Ji,npeKTOpii. 

r i],npeKTopia at, xoh i Binliuaa 3 aoHa HaiiHenui peBOJiKHyiiHOi opi'a- 
Hiuauil — .,YKpaiHci>Koro HaaaioHaabHoro CoKm", npoTe oapa3y nepemorjia 

BClS CBOIX KOHKypCHTiB na UpOBi£HHH,TBO UpOTIireTLMaHCLKHM HOBCTaHHHS 

Ha YKpalHi, Ta upo n,e j^ajii. 

Teuep me craraHHOCB me Ha oaHiii eiuii, mo TaKoat roTyBaaact jo 
HaciiJibnoI aiKBuaH.il reTMiaiimHHH. Cuaoio ujeio 6y.ia MOCKOBCbKa conjam- 
naTpioTima aeMOKpaiia, aaxonaeHa iaeeio ButiyapBaiiHa „cjhhoI BeanKOl 
Pocii". Po3BHHyjia Bona cbok> „6"oeBy" aKnjio tobkh b ocTaHHi ,t,b;i 
Micauj reTbMaHmiiHH, KoaH noaBHaucb naaii Ha BuicbKOBy apiioiiory Ah- 

TOHTH. HicjH U.IHHil! UJIX MOCKOBCbKHX COH,iH.liCTiB (C.-p., C.-a.., HapOJI,- 

miKiB i t. a..), mo cuipaaiiea mi poeiiicbKe MOHapxuine otJumepexBO, Ha 
bck) cry apOpOBOibiecbKy mwo&Q% nio aacainiJia bcio YKpamy iipii reTb- 
Maiimiini, 1'enep. CKoponaacbKufi mub (Jvtii uoBaaeHirii, hk „ceiiapaTneT" 
i „Bopor eanaol Pocii", YKpalncbKa ,3,epacaBa aaiKBiapBaHa i pocnoiaTO, aa 
aoiioHOTOK) .,BipHi[x coioaHHKiB", HacTyii na CoBiTCbKy Pociio. 3 iyeio Mexoio 
Bi r i;6yBajiacb no Bciii YKpalm opi'afliaauiia BificbKOBnx jo6poBoabiux lacTUH, 
a TaKoa; Beanca jpnaboaaTii'Dii neperoBopu 3 npe^CTaBUHKaxu AHTanru 
b piaaiax eBponeiicbKiix u;onTpax. Oiuiouieuna feu. CKopoua r xcbKiiw (Jreie- 
pan;ii a Pocieio i BHKHHeana hhm racaa cnkbHoi 6opoTb6u aa „ei,HHy 
Pociio" u;ijiK05i afiaao 3 nam&maey h,io I'pyny. Kojih nonaaocb noBCTmnci 
AnpeKTopii npoTii IV'twiiihiimiiiii, nocKOBCbid „con;iaJiiCTn'' ne aHiuin B;ne. 
mo Im poOhtii : peaKii,ioHep l'enep, CKopoHaACtKuii GyB IxaiM tipffpo^HUI 
coioaHiiKOM b OopoxbOi aa „e;i,nHy BeaiiKy Pociio", i 6yao (SeariyB^aa bii- 
cTynaTii npuTii nboro BKyni a yKpaiiicbKiiM cejiancrBOM Ta po^iram^TBOa 
aa BHeHaBii;p«Hy ii;umu „coii;iaJiicTaMH" YKpaiHCbKy Hapo.THio PeciiyC.iiii;y. 
J{e-mo npo uj iLiann i nepeaiHBaHHfl coH,iajib-naTpioTii'inoi mockob- 
cbKOi r T,eMOKpaTiI Ha yi;paini isikixo^iimo y cnora^ax pociictKoro xpyflOBiuce 
(l^yim A, KepeHCbKoro) B. B. Ct anne b ji iia, mo op b ti jHi Ha Yr- 
paiai i 6paB ynacTb b naaBaHHX n.iHHOBaHHax. Ocb mo Bin name y otoix 
„BocnoMiiHaHiflX'b" *) : 

•) B. B. Cuhbo b n it. ,,BocuomiaaHj. 1914 — 1919 r." — CTaniteBH<i 
6vb b CBiil >iac ifleaoa lleiporpa^ctitoro Coshy PoOirauqiii i CajraaTChKBx ^.enj' 
TariB i BocHHua KoaicapoH Bpeia. JIpaBHTe.iicraa na iiiBiiLincmy 4>ponTi, a nic.ui 
(uepe* yna^KOH KepeHctKoro) Koaicapoji iipn craBD,i Bepi. ro.ioBaoKonaB^yioiofo. 






— 125 



KiiiB (3}'B aicio* OB03iiu,fi. Hi aacipol' BiaSHBaaBci, i ita uo.iiraiHHs 

Kpyrax. 3a fieacyaniBHy aKcioxy BBaataaocB : Coporact s <5oai>BieBHKaan i 3 Cko- 
ponajichKHit. A iepe3 re mo CKoponajjeLKnii 6vb SauaiBe, to rojOBHUM <jbboh Kpn- 
T»Ka 6aaa no moiry. Horo ooBHHyBaiyBaaa uonepea BCBoro aa iioro ,Hiaen.t>Ke 
noios,KenHa*, £aai aa pecTaBpanjiiny BByrpiumio noairnKy, aaai sa HeacniCTt iioro 
yKpalBO<piai>CTBa i ». jL . , .. I «e Be Cjaa TiaLisu poanoBii. Iatepecna paca : ono- 
3iin;ia sate ae yaaaaaaet aaaKuic, at; tLilkk .oaGpoeBa', i HoaiTiiiai po3MOBB aa- 
raayBaan »eHi uirafini Hapaaa b xsuaMiiy liScuraBHX onepan,iil . . . qacao pyurcnn,B, 
eaaaaris i iiaTponin uxeauaa oKaaaoBoio «iacTanoio b apfyjieaianiio 3a Koacay Hoai- 
TKqay npono3Huiio. 

. . . Ili;uaKiiHCL 3araatB0My Hacipoefli, rpyna paaaKaatHoro o^nnepcTsa 
b KnlBi, cnnpajoiHCb Ha noaiTii<iay nUiepiKKy aiam opfaaiaaniii, pimuaa spoCHTH 
noaira<!HHfl nepesopoi b caaoay KbSbL M e i b nepeiiopoTa Gyao n o- 
iiajcum CuopoaaacLKoro i B e p e a a b a 391m K p y r a a, bi 
f p y « y b a a h. c a k a ,Co»sa B 3 p o m x e a. i 11 P c c 1 h'. KOTpaii 
noBHHeH CyB KoopaBHyBaTH cbokj A'MiHiCTt 3 i' tpisi ci-koio ^HpeKropieio i Ba;e 
b inHpmoMy aacaiTafii Becju fioportOy 3 fioauBeBaaaoa b Pocil, 

. . . Xob h 8 Haaexas ao uepyreioro rypiKa, aae a jto m>oro iacy ne aoacy 
cKaaaTU. in <3yao njoci cepii03ae b aauiiii cnpo<5i, bb mlkb aBauiiopa. jI.uKa.ui 
tomj', bio u.e 6yao cepitoamsji, TaBi: jui Gyan b nonasii 3 npcj- 
ctiDHUKain Bimoro JoeHEoro k ji a b a y n a a h a b K n'i b i, 
HU3Ka o^imepchKiix ApyiEiin 3aaBB.ni apo cbom roTOBHicTB niiKoa aoaoaoraTH aas ; 
Teani 'lyTKii irpo nam aaaip jryace xBBaHiBaaa i Typoysaaa CBopoHaacLKoro, Bpo 
ato noaiaoa-iaaii aac 3 xatfaHOTBS a° atoro Kpyria ; cyGeimiBHO «b Cyan nacmLKii 
Besai b ycnixosi, mo fiyao Ba«iieno hobhu k a <j i b e t a a 11 a n, e a, 
npH3HaieHo a e b i b h c * y a y i aaBiTB naroTOBaeno fiyao npoKaaianii 
aaa pocuoBCKia;&"eBBK b jeai nepesopoTa. 

. . . Aae b npjiiJuaieBHfi aaa HepeBopora seat CKopoBaactKiiii oroaocuB can, 
BoacaaBO iBCHBO aaa aonepe,n5KeHBa nepeaopoiy, cbohj aoBy leprosy opieaTimiki, 
U5Ke aa fia,HBy PociK) , . . i thm Bnic p036pia. b o$BB.epctKi apymiau, Oo ^acTiiaa 
oijiHuepiB BHaHaaa, mo Ol'iiai ninoro i ae ipeGa. Ma npaMyaieai 6yan cKacyaaia 

1 llil! BI1C1 VII. 
O^BOiaCHO 3 HiajOTOBjeBBBM 8M0B1I B IvBlBi, 3TB I :K KJiyi'lB 

bbxo^bb npyrnfi, 6 i .1 i. iu c e p I ) a n ii uiip: BBKopa- 
tiati y k p a I h y, 11 6a3y, aaa onepan.i" B[)oni CoaimeanKiB. 3oraaay 
aa CBaByau.iio YKpaina Hi«n,san, 6yao. pimeao npumtiti Ha 
V b p a i h y cowbhhkIb i ttin ixaJH iipflKpuiraB oprani3yaaTB iwuBBO-Jie- 
aoKpamBay nepacaBHicrt i HOBy apaiK) a,ia noioay Ha CoBneaiio. ^lepea n;e 6yao 
piineHO nocaaTH noeaiB b JIce, a,e aepefiyBaaa jiuaatoBatHviHi npeacTaBHUKU Co- 
k>3bukib. MaKoriHHH Cyao cKiascao aepenoayioiy noKJiaftay 3an;ncKy upo 
'■1 Lun.i! m iu,r: na yitpaiBL la npo BeofiiisaicTi Ba nejimi ^acn aicu liu'ia.iy Hiaa.iB 
o6oponiirB yKpa'iay nepeft opfaBiaoaanuBB caaasiu eoaiiueBH3«a. Jl^eaeraB,ia b cKaaai 
T h t b a. Bjiaioji i ae-arax aaniBX oci6 BHixaaa 3 KniBa Bepea Ojeey. 
Sfa x jtoacHjiaaHCb peayawaTiB aoaopoad 3 thm Oiatmoio BerepHaaiKoiO, mo cTaao- 
Bnme aa yKpa'iai ciaao mBBSKO ,ay»;e HoripHiyflaTuct, i »h site ne ana an 
aaBiTB, mo p 11 t h : sanii CKoponaflCBKoro u 60- 
poini- fi r 0. 

... Ms paa uaina sboba i BeanKopodikmi Teujeniiii ^OBeaH 10 loro, mfl 
joseaocb nofiaHBTu na ftiai cwy yKpalflcbKax TeiiB i noCaiBia yupalBCKKy apfyMea- 
TaBiio pyaiBHn.aMH tb KyaeHBTaan. 3apaa ;kb nicaa koboI rpajaora OKoponaactKoro, 
mo 3aauim cefie apniBatniiKOM caHHo! Pocil, DOBSJIOCl imHCTaana yKpalaniB . . • 
Ce.iaBCTBo rrpuiijtnao yiacw. n noBCTaaai, aij BnaHBOS eoBiaai,niix noiaeiB, upoiB 
BOBimnKa CKOponaactKoro i npoia Hian,iB, Ha cuay kotjjbx cunpaBcs CKojioaaa- 
cbKuil i KQTpjix <5y,io aHeaaanavKeflo b ceaax 3a Ixni eKaeKyaji. Hacipol ceaaaciBa 
6yaa no-3a naomiiHO» yKpaSncLKol aan.ioHaai.HOl iacl. Ast yKpalacbBi noairnBHi 
fpynn 3vaiaa 31 cboJb anapaioa Bnanay niaiHTB no u,six HacrpoiB i BtlCOpJCiaxi i'x. 

noBciaaaa po3Bnayaoct HaasnitHaBHO aiBnaKO. Panioa Beet KpaB <5yB aaiy- 
(Siemtfi aaa CKoponaactKoro, Kpia Ku'iBa, KOipuM TpusaBca npB aonoaoai o^anep- 
ci,khx apyacHB. TapaaTH 3apeaan aaBKpyra KaiBa . . . ^aa hbc, rociefi 3 Pocil. 
ciaaoRume Cyao aaaiBHiiaflao cK'iaaue i Ta?EKe. Koiy jonoiorsTH? 



l\e& ypJIBOK HCKpSBO CBl^IHTB npO HaCTpOl i HaMipH MOCKOBCtKIlx 

coiyaJit-naTpioTiB m YKpaim. B Scax ;piicHO BijoyBajrace: nepeji; uo- 
BajieHEfiM reTLiraBUUHHil aoBii i TOCJienm Hapa^H irpeji.cTaBHiiKiB hockobcbkei 
napriii a aHTaHTC&Kniim ^HmtojiaTaMM, Ha ekhx o6siipKOByBajuiCb nJiaHH 
6opOTi.6H 3 yKpalHCLKOio jr,eMOKpaTieio. HaBO^prao TyT (cju^oh 3a „Hoboio 
Psflosi") BirTHTH 3 ojiporo MeMopk-Ty, no^aHoro so aHraHTCbKnx jpntiBD- 
MariB b flcax, niimHcaHOro „yHacTHHKaiBH ^e-ieraDJE pyceKnxr, rowm-rii- 
necKHrB opraHHaaniii : ,CoBiTa rocysapcTBeHHaro 06i>efl,HHeHifl Poccin', 
,HanjOHaJitHaro IJeHTpa' h ,Coio3a BoapOHC^euiH Poccir, a Taicxe Jiimain, 
nepconajiBHO npHraaiuenHUMH Ea cOBtmarrie in> flccast, Biuno^aioinee npeji;- 
cTasiiTejien BCtst rjaBHrjxt nojraTHfeCKiiXE le^emA, 3a EciciioTOHieMx 
KpaHHHXi. npaBtixi n KpaimBxt jtebwei,''. PosBHBaioiH jijuw OKyiiarr,ir 
YKpaiHir aHTaHTCBKHM BifctKOM, r yHaCTiiHKH fleaerauja" racajra: 

„,H,o nacy, kojh wane sqjkjihboio npacaaita fiwiBin BeaaEHx cus, WJitKoi ko- 
pa6aJB b raBaaax lopaoro Mopa — ji Oaeci, MasojiaeBi, kimkoi oipsaib BiSciKa 
y seajiKHx nicTax i roaoBHiu BajKHimax CTpaTefHiHHX nyHETax Ta Ha nwaxoBax 
syajiax 6yao 6a aociiw. jjih xoro, mo6 Ha nepmiifi wc uiaipnMaTu hk> naabo i cipii- 
naiu Bij Bacijnj HecnoKiiiHi ejieneHiu. Ajio aeoGxi.nHo, moG n,i 
nepmi npoaBU cok>3hoI jionoaora a'asajiucs 3apan ace, b (Sjibssii jihi. jr,eacfan,iH 
ciioiiutiBci ipii m.017, mo nepmi 3 p c h i cii.i a c so 3 11 h k i b 
up a h e cy ib 3 c 6 » m ep je p i in e it a a He iiiiiaian ospen: 
jepxaBBii opfanisMiB, yuopeBiix IT i m e m 4 11 a u 10 b nijax p 3- 
HpofiaeKHa Poci'i, i Eepnyn. Poci'i '11 Ana,pieBCiKuH npanop — cumboji II 

CflHHCTBa. 

. . . .Hejiefanja BH^nae *>a3Kanii», m,o6, npafiyBinii b KhIb, n. E h h *) Kepy- 
BaBca b cboIB noaiTnn,i no BiiHOiuenHio jio yKpalactKOi Baa^is 3araj»HHM npiiHnjnoir 
sasHairaa HeiiosiiiHocTn Pocil, TpyHTy»^BC£ Ha aaraaiaoMy n.iaHi, npadHSToaty 
i KuiLKa pasia noTBepBateHBoay JepaiaBaMii 3ro,3,ii, n. Ehho n b h h e n cipii- 
laiilCB B CBoiS a i a jr 1. n c t Jt nij iinikih :i a x o .t. i n, i; o t p i iur.ni 6 
aaTHKOHy6TOHefiyaoniacTaBy b b a at a t b, mo cousbheii b h- 
sbu'TI ,:i. e ] i at a b n y jC!i.ic;iiiifTi Y t; p a 1 a n ado joiycKaiou 
a i ' ■* : . i 1 1 i ! i c r j , i h : t a i n i n .'i e n n a s n a ii B y t h t o a y lipocau Mix 
y i: p ;i 'i 1 1 1 1 ii i i JI 1 1 u k 1 1 a m a a ' > a i in .i ii j u i AoroBopy. 

lI],o TopKacitca 6mt>m ^OKjia^Hiix BKaaisoK biwocho EanpauKy aoaiiitKH nana 
BOHcyaa b KbIbi, 30KpeHa, ^o loro <iacy. iiokii hbrtlch BOK.iaaicTt :i,nii[ciumi b iiob- 
HOHy ofieiri ofieaHHutejiBHy npofpasy seJie'anil, to us jtoaiiUKa, na sjnny )!fixela,u.ii, 
HoBnHHa a'acoByBaiacE hijikom oScTaBnuauM, npa io«y BiiAaencR KopacBim, mofl, 
as npa osHaiioxureuaio ni i-iiuiobhiu'j.h cupasa, rai; i npu Eaxkexuio tux 'in hkiiiux 
BHH.iHBaioiax a Bboro 3axo^iB i piuieKb, n. KOHcya BUKopacTaB 3BH3KH i aKTasny 
iriarpitHKy pociflciKax opfanisaniS b Khibi, bk npeAciaaJieBHi b njitt j,ejiefan,ifi, ws 
i BHfuax, iil cniB'iyBaioyHX. 

Jlepexoaa^n no GaajKioro anajiiay thx aojriTH"JHiix KO-jiuranocTeii i KOM6iHan,ifi, 
Bui HauiiaioTtcB b fi.iHstMHH Hac, j;eac(an,ia BBantae, mo n. Ehbo noBHnefl b pimyiift 

((•Opjli 3HHBIHTB BCHK1 Ha^il B mioBaaiCIBBBBI yBpaiHCBKIIX 

Bpyris Ha jionoKory coK>3niiKin, hki aiorjin 6 3'aBHToct b n;BX Kpyrax 
nic.ua ipaKTy nnnasaaHa 3nocnn i ncperoBopis uombk cioponana. 

lLt,o lopicaeTica BijtHocun no reTtMana, to y Buna,T.Ky 36ope:Benna hum noai- 
TiiiHoro status quo, BOJiiiaKa n. Koacyaa 3 iiOTpiOHOto acBicno BHHJHBae 3 Bame- 
3a3Ha i ieHHX Barajiurax ochob ueraTDBuoro xapaiftepa ; bojiii jk reTtJian saaBHTt. 
Tnepaaa i BBpaauaii uamip nosepHyTH cbojo uoniTHKy b CiE cok)3hhd,I)KOi opienTan.ii 
niaflxoM, nanpHKaaj;, yTBopeana noiiipKOBaHoro pyeot|)i.TtctBOi'o MiiricxepcTBa. to 
n. EOHcya xome H,aTn flony b n,iM BanaflEy neany niaipaMEy, a TaKoat ue ojoiobhth 
b nopaflax y BijnoDuaiB po3yaiHH» ; npn ^Loiiy reiiaany Hoace Oyra BKa3ano aa 
SasKaaicra oro-nouieHHB (npa yiBopenHB MinicxcpcTBa) ,3;eEJiapaB,iI, Koipa jiicTHjia 6 



*} 4>paBny3tKnii jaiiatOBaTB^aaa afeHT b Oa;eci. 



— 127 — 



b cofii neBHy sassy npo npu3HaHHa e^HHCTBa Poci'i i Ha HeodiiftidcTt o6obb3Kobo, 
no Moat^HBocTH neraiiDo, npH3HaiHTu uosi BiiGopn b niflctKi i aeiicMri caatOBpnuy- 
Banna, na ochob! 3araatHoro BHGopioro npaBa, uapaeHoro b p03yirai pawn,!, to6-to 
3 BCianoBjeHnaai Oiaim oCMearenoro BiKOBOro nen3j i neH3y ocijpoeiH. Oaaa'ie, 
Bci iiion i nopsp mil pojj'niHBB Be hoibbri b ajtifi 6k 
to He 6 y a o nip! SBasyBaiH bdiki co»3hhd;i.ko1 ii o ji i t h k h 
b «aS6yTHB0My, at o nae na neii paaHKaainy 3 m i a y n. o -i i t h i- 
noro pesHia ni FKpalBi b n a n p a m k y o6c^Bannji 3 Pocicio. 
Ilicjia CKa3anoro, B3ara.ii Biftiiomciiiin Koncyjia ho MoacaHBoro nojiipKOBaHoro pyco- 
(pijiici.Koro KaGinciy bobuhuo 3a."iinnaTj!CB HefarnBHO BHiiKyro'iBM, cnipaioiiici. Ha 
peaatny easy npnflyamoro ance i toi-o, mo Mae npudyin coro3Horo BiiktKa. 

Kojw 6, Oflnaie, ctaaoct, m,o me j,o npiifiyira n. Emm n KhJb afio nicaa 
fioro i aanepeKip sycfljuiaat n. Ehho reTtManctKa BJiana He noma Bsepacaijicj. i oyiia 6 
noaaaeHa nepeBopoio*, to Tyi xoseaoca 6 paxyBaTMCi 3 a,Boaa moikjiiibocthm : 
ttepma BBBBMaact 6a b nepea03i nan,ionajiicTHMHX KpyriB i BiflHOBJieHnio B.iaan 
I^eHT])ajitHoI Pajn 6ez yqacra GaainieBUKiB i 3 namjioH b 6ik HepajaB sroan ; b n,iii 
uiiiia;;iiy noahma n. Ehho iiosuiiua fiyjia 6 Kant nefaTHBHHH xapaKiep no bih- 
HOmeHHfo ko hoboi BaaHH i oflaoya^HO cipeMiiu upis ni;rrpHMn,[ mockobclkm KpyriB 
y,o 3»inn yiBOpenoro CTaHOBiima" . . . 

Koan „nepiaa MoamnBicn," — nOBCTaHHH nia, npoBOa,0M JI.HpeKTopil 
— CTaaa $aKT0M, pocifictKi aeMOKpaTiumi Kpyrit na J*KpaiHi aacima.u] 
aHTaiiTCLKirx jpiuaMwa-Tiu apHeceHHHMH Ta Tejiefpaaaan, b hkiix nncaan, 
iu,o ,,yKpalHCi.Ki uiOBimcTH mjiHflan noBCTanHH na KitiBmnHi, b KOTpoiiy, 
Kpiu He HucaeHHoro iypTKa HanjoHaaicriB, 6epyTt yiacTt Beano 6anaH anap- 
XHCiiB Ta doJiiiueEnKiB." 

3a6iraio>m Hanepea, CKaa:eMO, wo, ariicHO, pociiictKa aemoKpaTm na 
yKpaim B cboIh naci ne sanaa BiaKOi' yiacTit b yupamcLKOMy podirasqe- 
cejtflHCBKOMy noBCTaHBd npora aHF^aTypH nomniHKiB Ta KaiiiTaaicTiB. 

Tairi Cyan aiums noBaaeHHH reTtMaKimnnr. Upo HafrcepHosHiiHnil 
8 hex — noBCTaHM yKpalHCLKoro caiaHCTBa mji npOBO^OM AnpeKTOpil 
yKpaiffCbKOl Hapo,iaioi: PecnyCiiEKn, mo Bararanaoct lioBaaeHflfla reTLMan- 
imiHH, — ^ajii. 



Posfliji VI. 

IIoBaaeHHa flHKTaTypn noMimHKiB i KaniTajricTiB, 

18. flpaBHua yKpaiHCbKo'i A^MOKpaTi'i piuiae 36poHHO BHCTynHTH npoTH 
reTbitaHiUHHH. BhCoph A^peKToP' 1 yHP - HeBji,ajia cnpo^a yKpaincbKoro 
HanjoHajbHoro CoF03y 3 ..jEpaMaanifiKi i ^esioitpaTn3an;ieio" jqntTaTypn no- 

mmntdB i KaidTajicriB Ha yKpaiai, noranfijenHH ■ peaKii;ii i aiKBiaaujiliia 
HanionajiHa noaiTHKa I'eHepaaa CKOpona,ncbKoro Mycian, Bpenrri, i iipaBiiii,io 
yKpalnCLKoi aeMOKpaTu nepeKonaTH b uoBHiit 6e3HaaiiiHOCTn onopryHicTBra- 
imx, eBoaKH;iiiHO-nap.ia:MeHTCi>Kiix MeToaiB CopoTb6n 3 reibMamuaHoio. Tiim 
6uu,iue, mo sycnajia npaBnn,i, nanpaBaeni na npnnriHeHHa ceuapaTHiix ceaflH- 
cbKnx nOBCTaHb, aopCTOKO aaayuiyBaHJix HijmaMH, He saBaan Ca^aHirs 
Hacai,T,KiB : ceaancTBO Beao 6opOTtoy aaai, soBcia ne ayaaioqH npo aite 6 
to ho Oyao JipiiMiipeBaa: a reTtMaHinnHOio.*) 

*) JIpo ponstipii lyel fiopoifiU CB«qaTB n CBosKn" HiMeHtKoro llhaiiy na 
yspalHi npo KMEKicTi. 3a6isiHX b 6oax : no n,nx CBoj;Kai sa micrt Miean,iB reTtHaii- 
mjinH 6yao safiuTO cenaiiaMn 19.000 nisteuiKiii cajiftariB i o$imepiB. IJn^pa na, 
nahfiyTB, aMenraena. HeBa Base ^oro roBopnra npo re, mo cenaH aa n;eB xe qac 
3a6aTO b Ki.u.Ka pasiB Sijume. 




— 128 — 



PeBoniouia b HimeToim Ta ABCTpo-YropmnHi, mo ni^onyBajia pasoi 
a TpOHaMH BLiLrejrbMa Ta Kap-ia i reTbuaHCbKira ctltchi, CKoponaacbKoro, 
po3Bfl;3j T Ba.ia pyra. niBBijiioana HiMeu,bico-aBCTpo-yropcbKa apiia aa yKpatei 
dyjia Bate ae Tanoio CTpaumoio, as nepe^ tub. Moacna dyio noiiiHaTH 
adpofiay dopoTbdy a reTbinaHiaKaoio 3 Hajieio aa nepeiiory. Jifl xoro » i 
oeMeHTapHy opfamaar^Hao-niflroTOB'iy podoTy jlih noBCTaHsa dyjio Bse 
b cyTH prai nepeBe^eno, a cane : H,eHTpaibHHH KoBvreT CeaaHCbKOi CniaKB 
M3B HaiiTicnimi 3BH3KH 3 ceJiHHCtKHMH opfaaisanjaBH Ma&Ke Bciei YKpaiBH ; 
n,eHTpa.ibHa Teiia YKpafHCbKoI IlapTil ConiajiicTiB-PeBOjiioiiioHepiB nepefinura 
BJKe crambo BHyTpimBioi opi'amaairmHOi podora b neirrpi i sBaaajiacb 
a icTHyBaBniHMn upOBiHnkjrbHinni opi'aBdaanjiflMH napTil i OKpeniHsn Bn^aT- 
mmmni iiapTifiKHBH TOBapmnaMH ; aaaisHHiHHKn, uicjia XBHJieBOro „cniB- 
poCliTBimTBa" s reTbMaHmHHOio, CTajra in ae EaMuhsniMK il Boporara ; 
coniaaicTH-camocTiiiHHKir, mo Ha noiancy reTtMatiminm BiTaan Ti paaoM 
a xaioopofiajra-aeKOKpaTainr, Tenep totobi dy;m BHCTynaTn npora r'eHepajia 
(koponaaebKoro adpoHKO b odopoiri HanioHaibHnx ajodyTiriB yKpaFHCbicoI 
peBO.TOnif, Hapenrri, i HanioHaJibHHfi C0103 apcar Toro CTynna b cboim op- 
l'airiaanjfiHiM p03BHTKy i aaB Baie nacTMbKH aBTOpirreTy b oaax nnipoKiis 
koi yKpaiHCbKoro j,e«OKpaTiniHoro cycnMbCTBa, mo lir CTara a,o 6uhm 
pimy^oi i pa^HKaJibHOi (SopOTbdn 3 reTbBaHmHHoro, mat any lipoBaflnB ,noci. 

IlHTanHff npo adpoihie nOBCTaHHa npoTH reibManiunnn nocTaBHaii aa 
lepry jtpx yKpafecbKi con,iajiicTn-peBOjnon;iOBepH i CejuracbKa CuiiKa. jip 
hux npacTaJin dea Baraab aajiBnu'iintKH, no™ caBOCTinanKn-conjajricTn. 
Barajmcb, -a to it aaaBJiaJiHCb piinyHO npora nOBCTaaHfl, yKpaiacbm conia;ib- 
^eMOKpara Ta con;kJiicTii-<i>e;;epa.'iieTii. IJe rajBiiyBajio cnpaBy. Ocodjiano 
npaKpHM dyjio re, iap b onoanEiI ji,o nOBCTaaHfl dyjni coir,iaiiL-,neMOKpaTH, 
KOTpi MajH hkimcb bhjihb Ha yKpaiacbKe podiTHiia,TBO. Ta 3 aacosr, oeod- 

JLHBO KOilH BJ,aJIOCa HpHSffifflTH ^0 SyMKH lipO EOBCTaHHa B. BHHHH16HKa T 

3iriffli.iH CB010 nosnuiio i con,iajib-,T,eMOKpaTH (b BejiiiKiit dubinocTa). TaKnis 
hhhom, moacHa dy.io wm& npncTynaTn %o hwotobhoi podoTii. I caae b toh 
^ac, kojth afomsyBaB „Koajrii];iitHJiii" reTbHaacbKafi KadineT MinicTpiB, kojih 
I'eHepaa CKOpoHa^cbKHii ocTaTO'iHO pBaB 3 yKpalHCbKHB HanioHa.ibBH» 
Co»30M, yKpalHCtKi conkaicTH-peBO.THin,ioHepH, CeiiaHCbKa CnuKa i yKpalH- 
CbKi conja^b-xeaoKpaTH uoBera podoTy b HanpaM Bdpoanoro noBCTaaHa: 
3Ba3aiHca 3 ho.ikgm cItobiis CTpLii>n;iB, mo ctohb b m. Bijtiu I(epKBi 
i, HeaaflOBOJieHHH pyca<|)iKaTopcbKO-peaKn^ilHOH) hojItiikoh) rtHepaja CKOpo- 
naji;cbKoro, me nepej; thb BwaB cede b poenopa r T;s:eHHH no.iiTiiKH Hanio- 
Hajibaoro Coio3y ; no^ajiH BBicTKy npo floauHBlcTb uoBCTanHa sirtCbKy, mo 
croaao Ha i}ipoHTi Ha HepHHriBnuini ua na XapbriBmnm, i, KopircTyro'iirn, 
aBTOpHTeTOM EiOiiRaHiix opfaHiaanifl i HanjoHaiffiBoro CoKwy aoKpema, npn- 
xhjhjih loro na cbih diK; apiiTaran jifi aKTHBHOi" yiacrn a Dia,roTOBn,i 
HOBCTaHHa sajiianoflopoaannciB : noiajn odpaxoBysaTH BiiiebKosi envoi, mo 
sor.TH nepcfiTn na dix HOBCTaHn;iB, 3Baa:yBaTH tsoxjuibj noaiTHBHy poaio 
b nOECTaHHK) aajiisHinniBKiB-podiTHiiKiB i tsjc aBanoi ;tpya;KHH aaaiaaai- 
aiffiiB, Hi,i.paxoByBaTH rpoaii, nKi MOJKaa dyjio 6 BiiKOpncraTn rim nOBCTaaHfl, 
— on^HKVBaTH Bee 3a i upoTii. Hafidi-ibmoio nopenoroio m\ m.iHxy noBCTaaHa 
Bee at dyjio mien;bKe BiScbKO, mo me Kopiuiocb cboIi feHepajiam i moivio, 
K0.1H He Bee, to b se-aKifi cboih lacTHni, BncTyanTii upoTii noBCTancbKoro 



— 129 — 

BiScMca. IlepeiuKo^xajra Tasoa; i Bi^cyTmcTt rponiefi. He SBXaswm mi 
BW>3bh Haiy.OHa.TLHOro Coioay, rpouii Ha^xo^n.in w CKaponnni Coioay ;iya:e 
m.'ihbo. Hapeturi, oy,io Bnpo&ieHO, npn viaem npe^cTaBHnKiB ciioBnx 
cTpi.ibn,iB (KoKOBaa&na i MeiiHHEa) i aaaianiraiiiKiB (A. MaKa- 
p e h k a i feHepajia Ocen,bKoro) mum noscTaaHa, yxBajennn nenipaib- 
hdmh KOMiTeTaMH yKpateebKHx eonja-iB-^eMOKpaTiB i con,maicTiB-peBO,iJO- 
nioHepiB (nenrp. Te»ril). 

3a.inniaJiHCF. orate TMbKH yKpatectKi con^jricTH-<pe,a;epaaieTn ; npn- 
immiiHsi Is r i,o .TyntKii npo HeoCxtyiieTb noBCTaHim j;a.io 6 aosJinBicTb no- 
CTaBHTn miTaeHa Ka BiipiiueHHa HanjoHMbHoro Coioay 3 neBHicno, mp 
fii;ihiiiicTi. luiocis 6j,t$ aa noBGTaaHa. Ey.io cK-iEKaHO npireaTHe aiopanaa 
npcscTaBHHKiB my, nap-rifi: cou,iii;ncTiB-peBOJKiii;ioHepiB, coB,ia.u>-^einj[;parii{, 
canocTifiHBiciB i con;isjiicTiB-(Jie,T,epajiicTiB. Ojinaio coiUHJiicTii-$e;;epajiicTn 
nocTaBH.iHCb yfi i^fil noBCTaHns a TaKOfO rocrpoio kphthkoio, a TaKnM He- 
AOBippflM ^0 MoaairaocTH ycuixy iioro i a TaKioi ooypeHnax jip aeoesneMHOl 
..iii!;inTiopu", mo roai Gyro /iyNaTn npo npoyieima Ix so opi'aaiaan.iil- 
noro HOBCTanctKoro fl r n;pa. Conia-ib-aenoKpaT B. C a ,t, o b c b k h ft crna no 
CTopom coniiiJiicTiB-<J)eji,epajiicTiB. Cnpo<5n B. BimnnieHKa i M. IlIanoBajia 
nepeKonara b Heo6xi;iHOCTJi noBCTaHHH i iioro ycnixoBi ne .nocarjin n,iJii. 
Ec-eijm Gym npora. Ilepe-TSKaai moxiubIctio oprtiBisanjI nOBCTaraw uo-aa 
IxHisra cnimaain, bohh noiajin miBm. sauiBaTii aaxo^iB jifl uonepeji/Keniifl: 
i Aesopi'amaan^I iioro. B,t,iihiiii HanioHajibimn (ppoHT, ,h,jiji yTBOpeann jikoto 
t;ii; CaraTO oyiio nooa^eHO npanj, 3^aBaJiocb, po&iaaHBcn b casKi! pimy- 
i inii JioaeHT. H,e ne Mor.io, 3BiiiaBno, aonontorrrr ycnixoBi noBCTaanfl i Typ- 
(5yBajro opi'airiaaTOpiB iioro. Ilo-3a nam BiranKaja me HeCe3nera nepe;v- 

HaCHOrO BUKpin'Tfl 3MOBII 1 apduTlB KepOBEIKiB II. rerbManebtd IIIDHKII 

•Bate xoBua.incb npo noBCTamiLKi 3axoj,if, i HauiOHaiuaiiil Coma air 6yra 
noaraol XBii-iiinn poarpOMeHnil. Coip>i;iicT-<peAepajricT M. Kymnip, b p;o- 
pyiennii oc-e(J)iB, nocTaBtfB OABepTO na aoopax Coi03y npoBOKauiiine aami- 
TaHHn : in jjiiicHo, mobjhb, b ctcjasi Hau,ionaJibHoro Coioay c aBauTiopucrn, 
mo opfaaiayioTb noBCTanna ? no wicri xojtHTb no,ij6Hi nyTKn, KaaaB 
M. Kymirip, i Han,ioHa.ibHiiii Coioa noBiraeH He^BoanaHBO 3aaBnTii csoe 
CTaaoBnine cynpOTit thx tywK. A came : HanjonajbHirii Coioa noBBHen 
]iiinvie ojKHuyTn r nyaKy npo MoxinBicTb noECTaraa i ocy,i,nTE Ti opi'aHi- 
3au;il ii OKpetti oco^n, ao niTOBxaioTb HacoeHEa Ha n,eS ne{»e3He i iHiiii 

1 mKi,T,.1I[BI[fl IUJMX. 

i Viio.TKmiHnifi MacTimi Cofosy HOBe.iocb nicjia Eioro yji;aTH nepe^ 
conjaj.-4)eflcpaaicTanii, mo nettoB 6n BOHa „KaeTbca" i ^iiicHO nitoro He 
aamniitjae po^nra Oea aroyn ec-e^iB. 9. JiiicToua^y Han;ioHa.ibHiii1 CoHa 
yxBajiitB nocTaHOBy, skok) „3anepe<iyBaB HenpaB,i,nBi qyTKn" npo „flfdeh war 
nipii Coioay b Hanpaiii aKTHBHiix BHCTyniB." *) 10. JincTonaaa fenepaa 

•J a»ici nie! nocTaHOBH, nepe,i,aiio! yTA, 6yB cauj-io^ufi : „3Bpa;aK>'in 
na le, mfl lti^ bdjhboii octaHHix noj,ifi b rposaAHHcmnx sojiai nomi!pMioi'iCB_ 'ivtkii 
npo aKicb nasiipH J'HC mo-ao 3»iBH TaianKH b nanpnMi aKiHBnnx HiscryniB, IV 
aoBHa P»aa > r HC 3aaB.iac, mo hjikh npo aiiiiij iuktiikh Hanioua.iLHH» C01030JI 
ne Ma»Ti ni^ciaB ; 3a3HaieHi niiraBHa b roflOBBifi Pan! uc buuukuu. 1'o.^omia 
Paj;a Bpoiae bcb rpoaa^HHCTBO irpHiiiinTH no jiara jiHine nociaEOBH J'HC, biskii- 

aaiOlM BCSKl 'iyTKH, KOTpi fflHpSITtCM 3 H6TOH1 3BepByBaTII_ rpOMaSHHCTBO i BHOCTH 

AGSopfauisaiiiK), aKy BUKopiiCTOByioii. na uifsojiy yKpalnciKiil cnpaBi." 

g 

XpaciBK, Iciopia psBojuonil, III. 






— 130 — 



CKOpona^ctKHil asepHyBca „fto Bcix rpoiiajiaH yKpalim" 3 cneii;isjii>HOH> rpa- 
motok), b ffKifi oaKiHKaB 3<5eperTH ciroKiii, „He poanajiioBaTir BOpoaacai", 
BismoBnTncb „si;i; hkhx 6n to ho dy;io caaioiHHHHX BircTyiiiB", „He HapaaiaTii 
Kpafny na Hedeaneicy" i toe flaai, odiiynoin a^mein'Him cboIx o6ih,hfiok 
mp-AO caaHKSHBS Cofiiiy Ta nepeBe^eHHH aeitejiLHoi.' pesjiopmii i uorpoaiyio'iii, 
mo b pocnopajpKemno dypacyaaii „!saeTbCH ,nocTaTO<mo con, mod He ji;o- 
nycTHTii up aajjaoro nopyuieHHa .nepxaBHoro nopn,T,Ky u . CnpaBy a opi'am- 
3an,ieio HOBCTaHHii Tpoxn 6y.no 3aTyiHK0BaHO. IlijnneaHi reTbiaHctKHii 
ypa^oia opjepn Ha apeuiT ^c-hkhx H-iesaB HanioHaJibHoro Coio3y 3a.Tnuin.incL 
no BiiKOHaunMH. Aire cnpaBa on n,boro ne BHrpaBajia. Apeumi moran bU- 
6yTHeb koshoi xbmhhh. Kpiat Toro, iuiipuii BpjTH yKpalHCbROi KemoicpaTir, 
ne iiocBflHeni y BHyTpiniHi KomJuiiicrH Coio3y i b npHiHHH, mo BHOHKajin 
3 doicy Coioay orojoaieHM noftidniix ^o HaneaeHor 3aaB, fleMopaniayBaiiicb 
TaKiuoi 3aaBaM0. ^.e-sud BiftcbKOBi HiaTinni, mo cuouaTKy dea BaraHb aa- 
smjumca. aa noBCTaaHHsr, noiHHa.iH Tenep Baramcb. Oxxe odeKTHBiii yj»OBn 
upiiMyuryBajin iipucniiunTH cnpaBy 3 noBCTaHHas. Con.iHjicTir-peBOJUon.io- 
nepn, Ce^aHCbKa CtoiKa, 8a.iiaun i iHiiKii, con^a.ib-vi.eMOKpaTii Ba:e cxnJiHJincb 
no Toro, moo" noiaTH noBCTaHHH b KpaiiHiM BnuaflKy i dea y i iacTH Hauio- 
HajiLHoro Cotosy. Ta TyT irpiifiuioB Ha BiipyHtcy feHepai CKOpoua^cbKinl 
B n,i ajri ocTaioiHO bhhchhjiocs, mo rtHepaJi CKoponascbKiul uopBe 
3 „yKparHn;HMH", mo mmcipH eo-e«J*n npiiMyuiem dyjiyrb bhiIih a KOajiiuijr- 
Horo Ka6ineTy i mo 6y,a;e yTBopeno hobhh, iqjruoM peaKHiiiimil i mockob- 
cmchh KadineT, ami ocTaTOHHO iiociaBnTb xpecT na yKpainebKiii Apidflifi 
fiypayasil i na yKpaEHCLKiii ;i,epvKaBHOcra i Biabiie Kypc na e^HHy peaK- 
n;ifiHy Pociio, Eu-e<paM sate ne aajiniuajiocb hmkhx Ha^iS na reTbMaHiHHHy : 
bohh npocTO, HeABO3HaHH0 i piiuyie nnKH^ajracb na cmiTHHK „aa HenaAod- 
HOCTbio". nicna nboro, 3BH<iaimo, ec-eu)ajs He sajimuaiiocb iuhko! panil 
oficTOKBaxn ;;ajri feHepaia CKoponaj;cbKoro, i bohh Taicoat CTajra „peBOJiio- 
HJOHepaMii". I!,hm i CKopneTyBaJiacb peBOJnou,iiiiia lacTBua Coioay. Ha 
CHenJHJiBHO CKiHKaHHX 36opax CoKray B. BiiHHnHeHKOM dy-io soJioaieHO, mo 
nponr reTbMaHiujiHH Bse opi'aaiaoBaHO i HiAroTOBJieHO noBCTaHHH i m,o Sea 
oOroBOpeHHH i se^aTyBaHHH n;boro uniaHHa noJiiTHim napTiI MaiOTb oCpaTii 
j^HpeKTOpuo i n,aTH rfi n0BHOB.iacTb Ha npoBa^aieflHH noBCTaHHH. 36opn 
Coioay TaK i apoCMn : dea ftOBrnx CaaaiOK yxBannjn Bci 3axoji;n, spodiieai 
b cnpaBi opr'aHiaan.il noBCTaHHa, i nociaHOBHan odpain ^npeKTOpiio YHP 
na cnen,m.jbHOny TaeiraoMy 3aci,i,aHHi ynoBHOBaacemix npe^cTaBHEKiB Bcix 
nojiiraqflnx napTifi, m,o bxoahjih b CKJiafl Coro3y, a TaKoas npeffiCTaBHHKiB 

BlHCbKa. 

13. JincTonajy B^yjoca b HOMeiBKaHni aimcTepcTBa uiiiaxiB araaane 
TaeMHe aaci^aHHB npe,iCTaBHHKiB Bcix HOJiira^iHHX napTiii, m,o bxoah.hi 
b cKJia;; Coioay (b Tony Hncjii fi eoe<piB), ci^OBnx cipijibn;iB, aaJiiaHninmKiB 
i CeasHCbKoi Chijikr, na aKOMy i 6y;io odpano ^HpeKTopiio YKpaiHCbKOl 
HapOAHtoi Pecny6.THKH b cKJia^i Fojiobh B. BnnnnieHKa (upejCTaB- 
HHKa yCV'J.PII) i q;ieiriB — C II e t ji k> p n (yC^,PII — KaHjHAaT ciioBnx 
CTpiJibHJB), <&. IU b e n; a (Mwmriww CeaaHCbKoi Cui.TKH, saaBJHBca sa npn- 
Ha.iea:HiCTK) 3,0 YIICP, xoi[ aKTBBHoi yiacTH b podori napTir ne dpas), 
II. AaApieBCbKHH (caMOCTijiHUK-eon;ia.iicT) i A. MaKapeHKO (khh- 
flnflaT 3aai3B3iiHiiKiB, HenapTifiiiiiii). ^box ocTanaix <3yno o(ipaHo ynoBHO 






— 131 — 



peKTOpii abox nai16Litai nony.iflpHiix cboix iipencTaBflirKiB, 
— i C. IleMiopa i B. BiiHHiraHKO, BitfOMi 6yiiii a CBoei 



I Tira^acoBo; C. IIeT;nopy 6y.io o6pano no-3a cm: saBmn panini cbob) 
arow na Bxo;pKeHHH b eiwia^ ^npeKTOpii, Bin Ha nepe^o^ni aaci,T,aiiHa Bn- 
IxaB b Buy ijepKBy, ;;o ciioBiifriB, ity;m sail a Biirxara i mil r VipeKTopiii. 
r "([TpeKTopia biumi.to a iior.i!i,i,v <'Oii,ia^bHO-iio;iiTii i ffloro deaoapBHOK), 
ciporo. yKpalHcm conJHzicTH-pe80.iK>ipoHepH sobcIm bs ;i,ajii ,t,o Hel cBOro 
npe r i;cTaBsnKa ; yKpatectKi con,iHJib-ReMOKpaTn xoh i Kara r i,o uLiM.iy ,'I.ji- 

a.ie oCiijpa Bona 
uonepe^Hioi no 

.liTU'iHOi ,T,iii.ibHOcra, hk Be.'iHKi yro^oBn.1 l oiiopTyHiivrn ; peiiraa x mienm 
^npoKTopil, no-aa u,i[Jin jinoira, 6y,TH SBHHauiri "yKpaiitcbKi ^piOHoCypxyaairi 
narpioTB : ae-am a hux, xoi i BBaaaJH oe6e „aaeTynHHKaMK iHTepecis npaqio- 
kihx", 8ara;ioM jiyaie KenCbKO p036ipa.uica b CKraxmi Tiuiumiii CBiTOBiit 
ciiTyan;ir, ma-io pony nil neb Ha aarajLLHO-aojiiTimHHX eupaBax, npo con^aJiiaa 
qyra Ti.ii.Kii o,i,inni ByxoM i b oh,ihuj no,niii. b HaiineHHio nanpajiKy fl xaK- 
thkji 6opoTb6n, Ha mm hko! ix 6y.io nocTaB-ieno, KepyBajneb 6ubum 
„3A0p0Biur poayMoa", ne caraioin aopoH Hani Toro, mo .6yjo Im bhaho 
8 jTcpaiHCbKoi miTpioTJiiHOi ,npifiHo6ypacj r a3Hor Ta MimaHCbKOl j^bthhuL Ha 
TaKiiii HeBTiHiHiiii biiciIt, BnGopis BmnHyjio 6araii£K0 iipiimin. ToaroBHy 
po.iro Mia; humii Bi,n;orpa;ia cniiumcTb i KOHcniparaBiricTt Bn6opiB. (Tony 
HanpuKiaK, ai,T, c.-p. Ha TaeiiHOMy aaci,;amii, KOTpe Bn6ipa,io r lI 1 HpeK- 
•ropiio, Cy.in Hpncyrai Bnna^KOBi ocofoi). flopyi a njeio npiraHoio By/Snawi 
Ha BiiCopax i caanii CKHftfl BHOopijiB — HauionajibHoro Corny: npasnuH 
yKpaliicbKoi seaoKparil, poaSaBJiena npi^HooypaiyaaHUMfl Ta jiimancbKnMii 
napTWKH, ne b eTam 6y;ia ymjfgera Bnpaano k.mcobiih, poolTTiniie-cejtHH- 
cbKnft, peBOjioniiiHHH con,i>iiiicTfliHHH opi'an. @ra&s§ uauioua.TMinii ippoET, 
Sfiq <5n i flemoKpaTn'jHiiil, aoCoBaaynaB jsfl ^oroct, i h,bm m.ocb HKpaa 
i 6y.io o r "oioB;ieHHa a 6okv peBOJuonjiffloI aeMOKparii Bi,i, hcho saKpecjierax 
noaioijfi K,wcoBo'i CopoxbfiH. Jl,iipeKTOpiH Bnfliaaa raEOK), hkori il nopo,i,ii.in 
ooeKTHBHi yMoen : eHiinHH HaipoKa.ibHnn ij)p0HT i iipncmnieHi KoncHipaTHBiu 
BnOopn (13). 

19. HanioHa-fibHa i coi;ia/ibHO-SKOHOMHHHa niiimjtoptiia ^MpeKTopi'f. 
CTaio^K na moji cejaHCbKO-po6iTmi>ioi'i> nOBGTaaHH npoTH ^nKTaTypn no- 
HimnKiB i KaniTajriciiB Ha yKpaim, ^npeKTopia (hk i HanioHajibHuii Cok>3, 
mo nopo^iiB n) ne Ma^a BHpasHOi coniflJikHO-eKOHomiHOi ii.iaTiJMipjiii. Siici 
nepuioi Bia;o3Bn ^npeKTopii, c.K.ia.u'no; SrijHO a BKaaiBKamu aaprii B. BnHnn- 
HeHKOM 14. JiHCTOHaAa, 6yB MijijKi'jHfl : 

IeHepaji pociiicLKoi csjacfia II. CKopona^etKBH, noposymBinncB b KoiTui 1918. p. 
3 EiaentKUMu (cnepa-iaHH, mTHKaMH ni«entKHi ■ — Toaj me He siaBHiix nisJier.mx Ix 
caa^aTis, — HasBasuiiicfc rcTtxaHox, saxonua Bjaay Ha yupalEi i cKacysaB yKpaui- 
ciKy HapoAHio PecityfijiHKy. * 

3 roro Hemy sa^a-iocfc 3miin.eHHH bc!i Hapojmi npaa ra nfiyBaiii anymauiin 
nai jeMOKparieio yKpalaa acajuapiiiB i no.ijic;alB ciaporo ua]iciKoro aaay. KjHcosa 
noxcTa noxinpiKiB Ta fiypacyaai! Airiiujin r n.o TaKoi xipn, jlkoi ue auaB i napetRjifi pcarna. 

I n(o 6iiiLine naiij'Baima feuepajia-reTbBaHa nocyna-io y«palHy so eahhoT He- 
^LihxoI Pocii, to juoTime, OTBeprime i niHii l iRime daBa.TO nonupanHH iipaB mpofy 
P. r.iv.syiiainisi iiairj-Kmns k.ibc ua.3, ycijta 8^oCyTKaxH peBo.iion,n, hk noJiiTH^no- 
CoitiaJiBHnjiH, TaK i HauionaiiLiiimi. 

OcTaDHiM BpaflHHUtSEX aKToa fenepa.ia-reTiaaiia IT. CKoponajcLKum npo 
CKacj3anim caxocriKHOCTH yKpa'incLKoI /J,epa:aBH yKpainciKiiS napo^ niAiatTtca 

9* 



— 132 — 



ocraitraHo 11a noTaay noMiiBHn.bKo-o'iopoKpaTH'uiiH pcaKn.il i na ubiKOBHTe noaeBOJieBHS. 
C^op»oBaHnii iioBiiii ypas 'a npe^ciaBuHKLB peaKiiiflmix kjihc, hk! naiOTt Tiiopinu 
e r T,nHy ne&unsy Pociio, sapaaao roBopjiTt npo ie, mo lenae jncpalocucHS napoa, 
Ko,m bih ae BCiaae pimyqe i 30 ocianfltoro ^ojioBisa b ofiopoay csoro 3:htth, 

yKpa'iHCBKHil HaHLOHajTLHHH COK13, 8E0 HafiBHme lipe r l,CTaDH)iHTBO opiaiiijo- 

BaHOi yspalHCBKOI aejiOKpaiii, BxcasaB no ocTaHKioro ;ihh bcis sasoftifl, moo xupuo, 
6ea npojiims KpoBa i fle30pfaHi3an.il rpoMaflciKoro mcbtta, 3aJtB«i«t i oftcroain Bpasa 
napojiy. Aae sci MHpm 3axoaH yupalHCbKoi seMOEpaiil Becb lac sycipiiajiB awiBU 
onip 3 6osy nouimnKia, dopouparil Ta (Sypacyaail. 

Or&e iiacias lac aa-inmiiTn mrpm aasoflii. 

Oft iaeEH opramsoBaHo'i yKpafHCMOI seMOKpaiii, nin, ycioro aKTHBHoro Bapofl- 
Htoro rpoKaftaHCTBa, aite o6paio Hac, 1 h, jipemopia J' k p 1 i it 1: 1 k n i' Ha- 
p n .<, 11 i, hi I ' 1: c 11 j o .1 11 k ii, cbk (iiionimaeso : 

leHepaa Ilasno CKoponaactKHfl e nacnaiHHK i pypnaiop BapoftKtoI saasii. 
Bee npaBHTe.11.CTBO iioro, hk jipOTiumposBB, npoMiianiOHajtBe, onoBimaeao neaiiicnus. 

Ilponoayaso fenepajiy n. CKoponaHCtKoay i fioro Hinicrpaa sunn 06- 
■anoM i aacmbCTBoa aaxoiueni nnau ypa^oiii mifwn. 

B ins cjiokokj, nopascy b PeciryeuHir,i npononyeiio 3pofiniH n,e HerauBo, oc3 
npoaurta kpobh. 

OijwuepebKHH pycLKHM opfcHisanjaa nponoHyeao aiipiio CRiacTH 3flpoio i bh- 
Iiani 3a iieasi yKpa'inH, ayan no cioie. B npoTHBHoay paai xicn,e bbciukh Is 
6y;ifi npB3Ha^6HO ypaaoa: yEpalHCBKoI HapoflHiOl PecnyfiauKii. 

3aciepiraexo feaepaaa CKOponaAC-bKoro, itoro MiHicrpiB, pyctKHX oi[niHepiH 

I BC1S, XTO 3 1IHM1I, atO BUJIKl BaCHJIbCTBa, JTlICKIi, Oopa3B i llOaiKO^HteHlill yKpaiHipm, 

a TaKoat aeMOHpaTa-iinia ocofiaa i op;ani3au,isia HKOl-fiyab iiuuioua-iwiOcTii, buk-ih'ivti 
noMCiy, BuOyxy hkoI hiito He saome chuhhth. B iniepecar hhx fpyn i ociO npo- 
ffOHyeMO yTpHsaniei sift afpeciiBHiir 3axoaiB npOTH ^eaaKpaiii. 

HimeubKe bohu,tbo aeKOKpa-THiuo'i lepnancbKOi PecuyfljiHKB onoBimaeao, m,o 
yKpalnctKa xeaoKpaiia Ci.ibin He nose Tepuini HacH-ibeiB, sHymaBHH i 3.io'eiHHoro 
jyta BCtoro Kpaio naHVBaHHii aoHapxii<iHo-uoHinQii;i>KOi peaKu.il i si afipoKm b pyKas 
6yae o6cTOK)BaTH npaaa noneBOJieHoro Hapofty. Mil sipiiao, mo caa^aTH JepnaHGBKoro 
BuaaojeHoro aapn^y nocTaB/iaxbca no 6opoM6a nparHiieHoro yKpalncbKoro Bapofty 
BtflnoBiflHO x° CBoei ri.iimcTH. 

BeiH rpoxa^HHax aaiiu-iaeao : 

Xto ctoitb sa yiBCB ra eKcn.!iboaTan,iio ce.i»HCTBa ia poCiTHimraa, sto xo i ie 
iraHyBaunu vKan^apaiB I oxpauoK ; xto mosce euOKiSHO fliiBHTiith na po3cipi.i mipHMX 
CTy^eHTiB 03BipLiHj«H pycbKHMH oipimepaMH, — Toil Hexaii BHt'Tynae jiason 3 reTi- 
MaHua i iioro ypii.nns aa c,T,iiny He^i.ntay reTbxaHCbKo-MOuapxi:<uiy Pociio npom BO.ii 
fteaoKpaiil yKpaiHCbKoi HapojHHoi PecnyfijiiiKH. 

Bci Oi'Tuimi 'lecHi rpomaftSHe, hk yK]iaiiini, Tan i HC-yKpaiinii, noBUHHi paana 

3 IiaBH CiaiH 3CpOMHOH) ftpyWHOJO CHJ0K) HpOTU a.TOIHHHJB i BOporiB Bapoiy, i T0,T,i 

Bci con;iHJii.Hi u nojiiiHiHi a^oflyTKH peBOJiion,iSHoi s e * 0K paTii fiyftyit noBepaeui. 
A yspalHCbKi yoTaKOBii 3(5opii TBcp^o i uenoxiiTuo saKpinjaib Ix ua Bi.ibiiiii 
yKpaiuubBifi Bejr.ii. 

Pas'oa 3 Tint ^.upeBTopia yKpalncbKoi HapoftiiLol PecnyflaHKH 3aKJiUKas Bcix 
fiopi^iB cTeatHUi 3a nops^Kom i pimyiie Ta 6e3nomasHo npmiimiiTH rpaOran. 

yKpaiHctKi HapoftKio-pecByfiaBKaHCtKi BiiicbKa niaxoaim. ^o KuiBa. 3,Jia 
BoporiB Bapoay bohh uecyTt aacJiyaseBy hhbh ' Kapy, ftis ReMOKpaTU scix uau,iii 
yspalHB — Bii;iBij.'ieii!ia. 

fro 36po'i, rpoMa^ane, i ho nopn^By ! 

PojioBa flapeBTopil yEpalaciKo! HapoftHto'i PeciiyC.iHKti B. B a n b h 1 e h k 0. 
^jiean .HapeETopii : C. ilenmpj, *. Ill b e n; i, 11. Aaj;pi{BCiml. 
y KaiBi, 15. aiiCTona^y 1918." ^» 

llo-aa 3arajitHiritii (ppaaaair npo HeodxisHicTt uoBajteHHH noiriimmbKO- 
6ypsya3Horo peaensy i Bia,HOBJieiiHH uo.tiTn'rnnx i ccmifijikimx pcB0JHOD,ifiHia 
3,n,o6yTKiB yKpalncbKOro Hapo^y, mo bsjih 6yTH saKpimem YKpalHCBKHMH 
ycTaaOBHMJi 36opajra, He 3Haxo3^oio y Biii,03Bi Ckbui KOHKpeTHoro i daJioro 



— i3a 



Diiaira'ieiiHa n,ureit 6opOT&6n ; o,HBe TijibKn 6yjio aaaaaaeao b am s 6eacyM- 
riBHOB HcmcTRKofiopoHaHesaiieiKHOCTH yKpaiHCtKoF ^epacaBH b tpopnii > Kpnin- 
ctKoi Hapo,yn>oi PecnydJiiiKu. 

IIpaB^a, Hauioita.ii.miii Cora, BnfiipajoiH ,JI,HpeKTopiio, 6ui>ui-MeHui 
CBJflOKO jHireaB BnpasHoro cpopMViiOBaaHH con,ia.iL-HO-i]OJiiTKaHHX ai)03ym'iB, 
cbuoho oAMaAaB ne uht3hhh aa %ia\, ^opynaioTO r T,npeKTopiI Jiiinre bh- 
KOHaBBa oCuexeHiis Texnnaao-Biiici>KOBia: <t>yHKu,iii — opyacaoro iidBMeaaa 
reTtncaHiunHii. TaKa iiosiinja najia cbo! BHroan — e^Ha.ia 6ka ,3,npeKT0piI 
pi;Kni cycni.ii.Hi imucii i l'pyini, a-ie saia i Bonrnci neBiiro^H, an iioKaaaaock 
imitime, Ko.in ^Hpearopia nouinpiua cboI <JiyHKu;ii ao-sa mead yjiieaoi fir 
KOMaeTermiT. 

3 ^OKyjieHTiB Toro aacy, mci a'acoByroit coitiaatHO-eKOHOMHTOy njiaT- 
(Jiopiny ^upeKTopil, aaBe,i,eMO TyT me ypiiBOK 3 ayaiaepcaay" C. Ue-mopa, 
oro.iouieaoro Ileraiopoio b Eiiia H,epKBi Mafixe o^HoaacHo 3 n Bi r no3BOK) t< 
^HpeKTopil. B nyHiBepcajti" C. Ileraiopa nncaB: 

B Ho KUS&sy ^upeaTOpil J'KpaSacBKoI PecnytijWKH, a, hko nepxoBDiiH r.iaEno- 
Koaamyioinii, 3aK.i»Kaiu bcLx yKpaiiiciKHX caa^ai i K03aKis Copyiuea ia. ^epsaBHy 
canocThnriiTi, J'Kpainn, npoiH apa^HHKa, Oj-graoro napcbKoro miuia, fenepajia 
CKoponaflctKoro, eaioiHirHO npiiCBO'lBinoro cofii npana rcTiaaua YKpainir. Ho nocia- 

UOBi ^HpCKTOpil, CKOpOIiaflClBHM OrCUOnleBHll BO-3a 3aKOHOM 3a J'TBOpeHL HH1C MO- 

•iiiiicTBa npoTH canociifiHocitt ytcpaluchKuI PecnytSJSBB, aa 3Hiiin,e]iHH II BUfcHoneii, 
aa nepeiioBueunn nopea uaiiKpamiiMii niuaau yi.pa5iici.KOro napoay, 3a p03cipLi 
ce.iau, 3a pyiiuyMU cej i aa nacn.ii.cTBa nas pooirHHKami i ce-imraMH. Bcia rpo- 
■axaiaa, MeuiKaioiiiii aa yupalHi, aao'opoHiteTi.ea ni% 3arpo30» BifictKOBoro cyny 
RoiiomoraTU KpoBoniilneni feoepaaoBi CKopoita^ciKOJiy b TiKaBiiro, iio^aBaiH fiomy 
cBOHciiBaHHB i aaiucTuK. OfioBiiaoK Koacuoro rpoMa^Hinsua, aeuiKaioyoro ita BKpalui, 
apeuityBaTb feuepaaa Cuopoua^ciKoro i uepe^aTt fioro b pyitu pectiyCaHKanctKiii 
uaciei. 

TcTbaanciiKi pocnops^xeHUJi i naKajn no BiiictKaM KacyioTbcu; siiiciKOBi 'lacTnnn 
reibjtafla CKoponafteiKoro, aCu ycynyiH aape«Horo KpuButtpo-iuna i poapyxia, no- 
BHnni nepeuTU jo .las BtiicbK Peciiydjiimi, bc.iU 3a thmii, ski bjkc iTepeuiu.ni. 

Ifiini.Ka l'eciiyi'j.iiiKB jtawTi iia Meri ao meHiy aunnuiTH aa,n, 3aBe,T,eimB reTB- 
MancbKiui ypa^OSi, aiinmirm oarauKy, na bkj biii cui])aiicii flo ocTaanioro MoaeHTy. 
B i;k) Be.iUKy roj.msy^ kojh na BCho«y cam najtaKm, uapctKi Tpoae, BuanoaaloTbCa 
iiapoau, koju aa uctoay cbit'l ce.isitre i pooixmiKU CTa-iii nanaau, B n» iBH.iuay MU, 
<5paiH Kosann, liOa ^03Bo.iiiso coui nim 3 DostimiiKaMii, 3 reTbsaucbKiii ypsi,n.iM 
upoTn eBO'ii OaTBKiB ? B UK BCJiBKy ro^Hny bu, OpaiH KOBaua, xi6a ocMi.mieca 
cjysEHTu aaupojtanuna, KOTpi caul npoaaBaauci i iothtb yKpatay npo^aTH He^aBHW 
UapctKBM aiuicTpaN Pocil, II naflynciifi Kiad — fieapoOiiaojiy pocifictKosy o^unep- 
CTBy i aapo^epaM, mo CKyn4J!.nici, b KOHTppeBO.iioB,if[iie Kyfl.io ua ^oay ?■ *) 

„yniBepca;i" C. lleuiopn (hkhiI Bin, ,t.o peaa, orojiocnB 6es al^jn 
peniTn ajeniB ^iipeKTOpii i aa n,e »ae r o,OKopu Bi,i, ro-ioau ,'tnpeKTOpi! 
B. Bnuusi'ienKa), hk Ga'inMo, »a.io, xaisce jii'iim ho piacHXBGa cboik 
bmictom sifl „Bi,T,03Bir" ^HpeicTopii. I b „yHiBcpcajii" i y „Bij,03Bi" BnpaaHO 
ni,i,Kpec.iioBa.iacL Heo6xi;vaicTf> o(5opoan eyBepeaaocTii yi;paTaci.KOi Peciry- 
6.1HKH, lUHsyBaBCH peaKniilnufi reTbMaacbKufi pesHSf, npiiooinioBMOcb 
noBepBeaaa peBOJuoitffiHiix 3Ao6yrKiB, a6o, aa ne CKasaao (50a i noce- 
pe^Hbo) b ,3"HiBepcaJii" Ilcxjiopn, — BCTaaoBjreHaa xaKoro nopaAKy, upa 
ariM 6u ua yapaiHi „ce,iaae i po6iTauKU CTajm iiaaaaa". Oxa:e aaraabai 
mnpoici, a aepea i;e aaflaie CesjiaticTOBai, TBepaieana i jipno6iaioBaHH!i. 

*) B H3BecTBa Hemp. Hoe. Kos." 1. 256 (520), 23. XI. 1918. 







— 134 — 



Cuiraie neBiipaanicTt ccmijubHO-euoHOMMHoi mijrnjtopsfl: ^npeKTopif 
na nonaTKas po6iTHHie-ce.iaHci.Koro iiOBCTaHHH npo™ reTbaainryiHii niafiiKe- 
He juinaaa cede Bij^iyBaTU. rtoBCTaBniml napii; iioiiepe,^ yctoro xotjb aa 
Bcaicy u,uiy a^imiTiicb reTbMaHCbKO-noaiuJHU,bKoro peauiay, i b u,ia ^upeK- 
Topifl n;ijiKOM aa^OBO.ibBJLia oaacaima peBo.iioii;iiiHi[x ce-iHHCbKiix aac. JIk 
i ^apeKTopiir, tok i ri ce.iHHctKo-po6iTHiKi Macii, mo nyHecJtu it na 
BUCOTy cBoro Kepytoioro HOBCTaHie-^epaiaBnoro H,eHrpy, ojguiaAaJtn koh- 
KpeTHaaniio <popa aaii6yTHboro no reTbaauin,UHi no.Ti'rniHoro i coniajbHO- 
eKOHoairaHoro Jiajj Ha qac iiicJia nepeMora, Hnni sk, cboixuna, TpyAose 
cejfraCTBO iom.io TLibicn o,T,noro — HOBa.iuTn, b KopM BitHniniiTii reTt- 
iHaHiiuniy, aHiimiiTU Kapni 0(Jiim,epcbKi aaronn, CKiinyTH 8 cede noiaiiiiHUbKe 
apaio i to Tan, moo" Bse na 3aBiue o^Shtji noaiiuiiKaM aoaaricTb i oxoTy 
noBepxaraCb b cbo! oyBini jraeTun. Ti racjia, ni,a; hkhmji opajia npoBij; 
HaA nOBCTainiffM b cbo'i pyKii ^iipcKTopia, TniPiacoM He CTaaaan b cyne- 
peraicTb 3 iihi ochobhum, tieproBiiis Bahamian ce,iaHCTBa i po6iTHnii;TBa 
b ix CopoTtfii a ^HKTaTypoK) HOMiiniiKiB i KairiTajicTiB. B toh see nac 
^iipeKTopia caijiDBo 6paia b cboi pyiai npoBii H »ft noBcraaHHi, nana 
ouopny oaay b (|»opMi pei'yjDipmix BiflcbKOBiix laCTHB (son 6n no.iK CHO- 
nnx CTpuTbijiB), aaicpoioBajia cnpasy y BceyEpaiHCbKoay aaciriTa6i, oyjia 
BBflaaHa 3 iimpoKHMii Kojaau yKpamcbKoi lHTe.iii'eHii.ii, oj^hum ciobom, hb- 
ji3.iaci. thm j^asno cuojaBaaiiM peao-ifonififliia neBTpoa, noipeOy aKoro Bae 
rocTpo BwiyBajio ytcpaiucbKe Tpy^oBe ceJiancTBO, He paa sKopeTOKo Kapaae 
came »iepe3 6paK Taicoro nenxpy, iepe3 cenapaTHicTb cboix BiicTyuis, B hhx 
o6eKTHBHnx yaoBax JieaaTb npmuiHn ycnixy ^npeKTopii na noiaTKax fi 
noBCTaHCbKoI , jj^aabHOCTJi, 

20. j\,o 3(ipoT ! BiifaxaKra a KnlBa, r T)ipeKTopiH sajniiraxa Tan 
cboTi penpe3eHTan,iriHHii opi'anoa i opfanoa GopoTbCn 3a Kraay ^HpeKTopii 
yKpaiHCbKufi BiiicbKOBnfi PeBoaroipiiHiul KoMiieT, yTBoperoifi Hepcs, tum 
npu U,eHTpa.ibHoiy KoarreT yC r T,Pn b coa^i M. AB^ieHKa, B. l Ie- 
xoBCbKoro, A, nicon;BKoro,- 3. B]icoH,bKoro, M. fajia- 
j'ana, H. 3aBropo,o;Hkoro i M. MapqeHKa. *) 15. aHCTona^a 
na;; Benip sci Hjenir ^npeKTopii (Kpia A. MaKapeHKa, hkiiu 6i.w 10 ,th1b 
nepexosyBaBca b KnlBi) 6y.Tii y BLiiit DjepKBi 3 choBuan CTpi.ibii;nMH. 
Ci'iOBi CTpijibi^ BHce neperoBopiLirii a Hiaen;bK0Ki aajioroio y Biiifi IJepKBi, 
iioiii^oaiiBuiii u, mo „n,inm ,n;nflan noiraeTbcs yKpatecbKHH HaDjioHajbHiin 
pyi* npOTii apajHHKa i peaKn,ioHepa reTbaana i sajiponouyBaBimi He BTpy- 
hhthcb „y BHyTpiuiHi cnpaBii". lleperoaopu aaEhKEXKa iii,OHitcaHHflM 
yaosn, niojua ako! HijiH;i 3o6oBH3yBainca He BrpyaaracB y (5opoTb6y ai;K 
reibaanoM i ^MpesTOpieio, a Biiicbita JI,[ipeKTopu — He Hana,a,aTii na *Hiau;iB 
i ^oHoaomi Im jiko aora inBi^pie BiiTxaTU 3 YKpalaH. 

16. jmcTOna r T,a noia-iocb noscTaHHa. CbI^ok To^iniHix no r TJfi b BkiS 
I]|epKBi Ta II oKoaHr;ax 0. HasapyK, TaK onncye i'x b cboIx ciiomh- 
nax **) : 



*) 3 neBiftoiioi npHinHB b CK.iaa B^P. KoaiiTeTy ue bxo^hb hi o^iih 
ysp. c.-p., xo4 npan,K>BaaH uix npoBo^osi fioro i c.-p. 

**) ftp. 0. H a a a p y k. n Pk na BeauKiii yKpalffi. Cnoamiii 3 yKpalactisoI 
PeBoaron,1'i." 



,,Hhh 16. nucToiiasa 1918. p. b nojiysHe niipymKJca 3 Kaaapa Oiaa ssipn,H 
B Etiiii liepsni osna cothh C. C. i iionaiiiiipyBa.ia Ha Mcto, fte poaetpinajia sbox 
in rptox I'eTLMaHCbKHX ypnaoBniB, mo HaiiGuibm soniuajH yKpaSHciKony Haceaeaaro. 
I'ertaaHCBKa saaora b BliIh UepKBi Oyaa nana. Bona 6ea flopoxbOH poaflirjaca 
afio sjioatima sfjpow. Haiua cothh 3aiiaajia nemp aicra, i nepeBopor is Eijiifi UepKBi 
OyB aoKOHamiii. HiaeobKa aajiora BHciaaiuia eiuii.ni ciopoad kojo cbocI Koaaiuu. 
a.ie no-3a tub he saaaaa 3Haity Mtnira. Hami naipyai ioah.ih no aic« i CKopo no- 

lia.HI B KOlNJIIliKT 3 HiaH,HMH, 8KI TBep^HJD, B^ Hami p033dpOK)IOTB UOOffBHOKUX 
llLMUiB .... 

Toro caaoro una BHixaa 3 BLiol IJepKBH nepmnB. emejion (TpaHcnopT) 
•C. C. b Hanpaai Ha KuIb iepe3 XBacTia. Iliano Be^epoa ojepaaB a ais Kosiansii 
■C. C. sopyienna, yxamca 31 cropoaceio so nopea y ELaiii UepKBi i ocboSoahth 
bcix no.iiTii'innx BaauiB .... 

Ha spyrnfi sent Bnixaa a pasom a ^HpeKTOpiem b Tperia eineironi C, C. so 
XBacTOBa, S° * H npBCiyjiH bhosi . . . 

Ilo'ias 3 ^.iipeKTopieio i iwiobhiib lUialSoa iiauiiix BificiK (meijioa DlTaOy 6ys 
OTaJiaH c e n, b k b B) ciaB na ,iBipn,i b XaacTOBi. Mu sci HeniKa.111 y Barojtax, 
a ypasysaJiH i b BaroHax i Ha ssipni {3a.ii3nii4iinKH Hhijih a naBK). Tiaimi tacTHHy 
KisnaT aauiiajia na ssipni niaeUbKa Koaansa. Bona aaita b Midi aaaory i apaey 
npoOyaaja ae nycTiraa iiamax ipaacnopTtB npoitr Kii'iEa. Aae enepfisiiiiB anciyn 
noKiilfloro coiHHKa C. C. lepaita tbk na nel BiumnyB, mo Bona laxoBasa 
neBrpajitHicTt, oieansHo, 31 cipaxy nepes cejianciKHBH *aeaan. Hincn,bKitii Koatan- 
Sam ABtpn,n, iojiobIk ciapfflnS i poaBaacHiiit, po3yam sofipe cboc noaoHteHHa i cia- 
paBen no s 0E0 Sn™ so Koni|i.iiKiiB. A fiyaa n,e flyace Tpyssta pi<r. 3 ycix Gomii 
oflepwyBa.ni an ^enenii, mo hooshhokJ HisenjtKi Bi^iLxH jioa.ian. yMOBJSHy hcb- 
T]:ia,ii,niiTi-, iiana^aioTi. na uaoii Bix'ii.in, Hiimart k&m MafaaHHH aCpo'i fi anyiiiu.il, 
KiTJtaRTb Ti aacoBo y Bojty, He sonycKatOTi so KOUneHrpautt Hauiiix BiuCbK, poa- 
36pOIOK)Tb Ix i t. s," . . . 

noiajiiica aaBasri 6oi a Hira^Hs. 3 yeix (ioiriB HananBaan Ha £0- 
noMory BificEKy ^upeKTopii' ce.ianctKi us.cn, toiobho 3 OKOJiimb Ei.rof 
l^epKBH, jifi ix opi'amaOByBajiii i osSpOEOBajni ci^OBi CTpkml 

racao Cyjio KHHyxo, t-Hapo;i; njaBOM nonjinB j;o iioBCTaiietiare sa- 
roHiB. Bch ipy^OBa YKpafHa crajia &o afipoi'. IIoBCTaBain yKpaiHCbri po- 
CiTHnKir, hobcto-io 6e3aeMc.11.He i Ma.ioaeMe.itHe cejiancTBo, noBCTaia Mafiaie 
Rca ,n;eMOKpaTHHita iriTe.iii'cHii,iH, HOBCTa.111 JiaBiTi. ,i.e-afd SyBiui „reTi.fiajm;i'" 
— aaMoacHime ccjihhctbo, qjienH yKpai'HctKoi S.ii6opo6ctKo-,;teMOKpaTnHHOi 
IlapTil. Bein 3ajuiflB sa uiKypy caia „HCHOBe J ii.iioiKHufi nan reTtMan" 3 no- 
MiiujiKaMii Ta KaniTajiicTaan, Bci 6yjin ofeonjieHi cTpaniHoio HenaBHCTio jsfl 
reTi.MaHebKoro peacimy i paj;o hih.iii Ha 6opoTb6y, Ha 3Hnuj,eHHa ffioro. 

n Macn yKpalHctKux uoBCTaan;iB, naiiie saai b cboIi cnoaHHax 0. Ha3apyK : 
liaii.iHBaim 3 ycix Ookib las CKopo, mo Uliafl ^upeKiopil BTpaTBB esiaeHniio mo-so 
tx wend.. SI 1011B Oosafi B npiiCueiKeuuio sosisaincb npo cKiatKicib nauiBX chj, 
moon aauuTaTjt n,e jiyra Gysyioro icTopnita. B tih n;ijii po3iinryBaB s. qacto bcix, 
mo hoi'jih aam mo-Heoysb cnbimoro 3 iHTcpecHnx npoaBOM noBCtaHioro gyxy, no- 
^aBmu Bij rojioBHoro oia«ana HetaiopH, CKin<iHBntH na ypasoBum uocTaiaHHa. 
OjmaHe bohh aOo nosaBaan Meni natiCi.ibin cynciiciiii 'isic.ia a<5o lipocw ctHC«*«B 
paaenaan i roaopon mupo^ iTyT yace fl iopi He poaOeperacH b tim bcim.' J r pa- 

Jfi pe<iH, nosaao Tyi, mo 0. Haaa])yK npnfiyB b xi sai na ynpaTHy (so 
KsfiBa, b noqaTKy jiacTonasa) a rajinqitHH, aK Biaiiopy^nHK KonaasK yK,palHcs.i;iix' 
BiueiK (rajiiB,bKi!x), apoxaTH ..retbaaHa sciei yKpai'HH" CKoponascbKoro njio Biiicb- 
KOBy sonoaory s.ia Oopoiififf 3 IIoJifflKanH. CKoponascfcKHH arosimca saja Tasy s°- 
tioaury i Bn3HayiiB uoaK cimobhx cipLiin,iB, mo cioas y Uijiiu UepKBi. Ane ra- 
.niiibKiia yKpa5Hn,BM ne floseioca CKopnciaTwcb una nojtKoa : ci^obiikb Ban Oyni 
na (5on,i Haniona-ibnoro Cojo3y i JI,HpeKTopn. 0. Haaapyn teko* He BepnyBca so 
ra.in4HHH, 3aaFiBiirBmiiCb pa® npau,i npn ciiosiiKax i /(.upeKTopii. 



— 136 — 



noBui nodaiaHHs, bi,h aniix me naflcKopme noatiia Mam neBHimi in^opianjl, Bi,x- 
nosifla^n, mo 3opieHT>*BaTHca HeMoarjiHBo, 60 pia:iri bim'^b npoxap^QBVKnLca eaiii, 
<>,ie]i;i-:vh"iii xapii lii.i. ceaan, a ;i,e-iiKi aadupaioTL no ,v>po3i reiLxancbKi it nixentKi 
■ afasiiHii, nii;oro npo n,e He nosiaoiuiaioiii. Tojiobbhh jpitepeaoir, BiAKian npHnjiH- 
sajii ffo nac sa>o topfeHiioBaai uc>BCTann,i, oyaa Biaa Hepirea: TaM y saaapaai Ci- 
iobiix CrpijiuiB ocTajiu ,pa rajmn,i>Ki cTapuiiiHii — E i c h k i JJ st a p a 3; c h k h if, 
am ffl noia-iH opiauiajBam HaiuiBBaroini ccibh i 3ani3nHu,eio Bitcnjia,iH 11 yepes 
XsactiB nit li'iiii), ikikii 30Bcia 11c ;iaipinun ii hc bhobjhch 3 em, BicitK, 3 iikiis 
a noTOMy ayoTpiBCS, onoBi^aB neni npo n.e. BannTaiiaii ihcjio, Bi^noBJB, mo 
fi Bin yTpaniB BKinnj eBi^enniio, aae npsinycnac, mo pasoii 3 .HojtapaacMcnK Mir 
aoptaHiaj'BaTii no-naa 20 Tiicavi cejian, noaijiiB Ii na comi ii iroBimnaiynaB In ko- 
HanaauTiB; a.e-aKi ceja npHciwia^a bxb totobi cotb! 3 Bjacuiisiii Koaan^aiiTaMn, 
nixcTapniHHanu. U,e rty.io ,h.m ^,o*opaaciKoro B BiciiKa BHrUne, Go bojih Base- 
saBiTi npocTHi CTpun>n,iB noiMOiiyBa.iu coTiniKami ii aocoaiOTHO He majiji (5i.itme koiij 
SopjTiaTit COTOEB. 

. , , Haiiripmo Oyjro 3 036pnK>BaHHan njix nac. Mafaaimu aupo'i it aMyuinil 
Cyan nepeBaxHO iris ciopoaieio liiMenhKiii aajior, do reiiMaHOBKo-pocificbKi o$nn,epn 
ii tbk SBaui .KapaTCJiLiii oipa^B 1 afio posGirjiHCH Ha nepniy BicTicy npo noBCTaran, 
ado noBTitsajH 3 nicB,n esoro oci,iBy i ciapajiHcn noaoposi .lyiuTncs b GLatmi fpynH> 
npo mp mi aajrn aochtb jiOKJiasai, xoi nepaa ^auTacTiiiui bicth. 

... Ha aa rail iti^uoiueiiiia nix uami i Hinii.MHii Oy.10 Bopoace, i <3e3iiacTauno 
SOMaiiao fifi npoJiiiBy KpoBH. B Kpaio no hbox ijjamsx saan an bjku nepeaary m,& 
HiaeniKBMH aairoraaR, aae nij KiiIbom Gy.io ripiuo . . . Hi«ni, seynepeH Biaonep- 
KiBCLKiii ynoBi, aaaBiuu, mo 6jfjv> DopoHKra iuiTBa nepej; HaciyuoM AupeKTopi'i." 

%pe;{ ^e-JiKiiS iac (b KiHn,i jiiiCTonaaa) ^npeKTopifl nepeliaja 
3 XBacTOBa jifi Bhhhhdj. Tvt Ba:e loaaa 6yjio Jiinnie poorafflyBant<J6 
i yftknTii yBary cnpaBau ne Ti.ibKii BifichKOBoro, ajie ft u,HBi.itHoro, aa- 
ra.itBO-no:iiTiiiHoro sapaKTepy. TyT no<uuacb opfaHiaania iipinsiraBiioro 
ajr^micTpaTHBHO-nojiiTii i moro ypflji;oBoro auapaTy. JI,o BnHBim,i nonajn if'ia- 
acaTnch napriilHi i rpojrajcbKi ^mm i tbophth ocepe^Kii (xoh i HeseaHroi) 
noaiTHHHOl jyfMKH ; Biihhhu,h uepeTBopiOBajiacE. b TiiB'iacoBy ctoxiihk) pec- 
nyfijiHKaHCbKoi BJia;i,ii. 

Tjim a;e nacos nOBCTaBHH saxoiLifOBajio Beet TepeH SfBpsSBM. lliji, 
Khibom Bij;6yBajinci» Behind 601. HafiKpama HacTHHa reTtMancbKoro BiicbKa, 
Tan 3Baai cep^iOKn, yKOiaiLicKTOKana a cirniB aajroasHboro, KjpKyjiiB- 
cbKOio eejimcTBa, nepefiiu.ia hicjh nepmiix x& <5oIb na 6m r T,npeKTOpif. 
B hhiuhx micTax reTbiaaebKi BiftcbKOBi Hac™sn, nocKMbbii muni Gym 
yKpalHCEKimn, Tan camo nepexoAiLtn aa 6k noBCTUBU,iB. TaK Ha ^ym 
BaawiHBOMy yiacTKy iipoTiireTbMaHCbKoro (ppoHTy — b pafioHi Byia-Ipiieirb- 
Bopaeat (no 3ajii3H0^,op0jKHiil KO.iil KuiB-KoBeab) onepyBaB HopuoMop- 
cbKint Kim, 6yBi»a yKpalacbKa nacTHHa npii reTr,Mani, opi'aHiaoBana ynpa- 
TuebKimn crapuinnajiii - KyfiancbKiiMifj i;oitaf;aan HeMOB 6s. ^.ra (JopOTb6n 
a GoJibineBiiKaMii Ha Ky6aHniirfli. B jijfitKOCTH b iyo HacTnny nim.TO B3a- 
rajii ,iyace fcxaaft® yKpalHCbKiix peBOJionifiHHx cTapmim, hki i b a\mu.i 
He ma-iH ftara Ha Ky6anin,iniy. CnuiuiMocb Tpoxn rtOKJia^Hiine Ha onepa- 
njjix niei yacTiiHii i BaaraJii Ha poaraiTKy noBCTaaHH b n,iai ,TpyriM nicjia 
BiJioniepKiBCbKo-BHHHimbKoro BaanimiM pafioni. 

x IopHOMopCbKiifi Kim 6jb m.e nepe,i; noBCTaimHjr b noposyjiiimm 
3 Haniona.ibHnii CoioaOM (asaaoK sepsaBCfl Hepe3 cTapuinny rinjuinyKa). 
OAepaaBian buomoctii a Butoi U,epKBii npo BncTyn /I,HpeKTOpiI, kuh CKunys 
CTaporo KOMafljnpa Koma (reTbHaaciKoro npu/t i innKaJ i uepefliiiOB nii, 
nposia; 3ra,T,aaoro dapninHH BJurinxyKa. UlTafiosi pecny&iHKaiiCbKnx BiSobK 






— 137 — 

jtopyieno 6y.TO KOiiteBi aaxoniiTH .limio KopocTeHt-KnlB i or;o.iiiii,i. Kiui 
uiBJi r i,KO poapicca, nepetjmpjtyBaBCH b xiiBiaiio i hobSb ycniiiiHi Col, ate 
s HiamaMii, iaic i a reTbianctKiiMii ^oopoBOHbiiiMn *iacTiiHaMn.*) Hiiimi 
KUbKa paaiB xotuiii poaoiira u,ei"i yenrp i xoahjh aaBiTb b aiasy, ajie 
pa3-y-pa3 TepnLiJi b^uiki iiopaaKii.**) BcTynain KkbKa pa3 i reThManctid 
ji;o6poBOJibiii b aaeaHTi dol Ha u;iM y^acTKy. O^hh 3 Tamix 6oib (a rcrb- 

MHCbKHS lCiUHHM eCKa^pOHOIt) BaKiaHUBCa UUKOBUTHB aHHlueHHaM (b tohhIh 

poaysriiiHio n,boro cioBa) reTboHCbicoro OTpsjy. TpHMaioHH b cbois pysai 
TaKliii BaatHiiii ynacTOK <I>pOHTy, ^iiBiaia s toii a;o iac o^Tfnyaa.ia yBary 
HiaeubKo-reTbMaHCbKnx BinctK mx ELioi-BepKBii. 

B flpi yciiixiB, niCJia poaoin-Ta HiainiB 111 jipfipoBOJibHiB, Koaaiui 3,h- 
Biaii poCiuH naCKOKn Ha Ilymy-Biwiii^o, a lacon i Ha nepejaicTa cajnoro 
Kuiea — KypiniBKy. II,e TepopuayBajio i HaBOAHJiy naniity Ha reTbutancbKy 
apaiio fi ypa r T,. Bcibhclkiih OrapocTa, 3aB3iiTiiii peawpoHep i reTbsaueub — 
Anj;po, mo Ha noiaTtcy uoBCTauna CTaB Ha yo-ii Bcix aoJioTonoroHHHX 
{Sam Ha Bcirmi i aamipaBca BxacHirmu. ciuamr sajyiuiiTH uobct3hhh b cbois 
^jBoeBOACTBi-', ujbhako (iyB npnwyuieHuii Bi,T,MOBiiTiich six u,boro Bandanna 
i maTH 3i CBOlsn He r T,oCuTKaiH na Kim T IopHOMopcbKiiu Kim poafinB 
^auj,u Aii^po (aaxouiimini GpoHeBiiii noTar na CTaHnjI IpneHb), aaxonnB 
b CBoI pyKit c,K.ia,T,n afipol ia aMyHin.il b cboim panod. 

Hace-ienaa iiuijio Ha orciouieHy Koines aofijiiaanjio n.iaBOM, 6ea 
jchkux poaiioB. HacoM tLibkh (aK n,e oy.10, upnaipoa, b MiipOH^Kifi bo- 
jiocth), cijtcbKi rpoaaj;u, jipara Koaairio %m uoBCTaHCtKOl apmil, nocTa- 
noBia;iii o^mracHo woman KepoBHHKiB doBcraaHa, jikiiA xaj, sae Gym 
aain'.M'nna 11ic.u1 iioBajieHHa reTtManmuHU i 'iu 6jje o^iopaao naaa^aeMJno 
bU noMimiiKiE O^epataBiira Bij,uoBij,t, „mo Bee Cyje Hapoa,ne", pectiy 6:111- 
KaiicbKe, mo noiriainKiB 6y r i<' BHMneHO i 86MK) fli^aao cejiaHaM, cejan- 
«tbo He tLilkh ;i,aBajro KoaariB SJia apMir, a.ie H m«po oniKysajoca tIgio 
apMieio i Bciero cnpaBOio noBCTaHHa. 

Taii nyace ipjaaa cnpaBa iipoj,OBOJibHoro fi iinaioro nocTa^aHHa 
i.uiua 6y.ia Jierao p03BaaaHa csmhi ceJiancTBOM : cycism caia oxohc 
i enpasso BHJiiKajrn uoTpiSHy jpa KoaaKiB KkbricTE x.ii6a a nyKn, aKa 
BHuaaaaacb ,t,.th iy.oro iHTeH,i,aHTypoio Koaia; poaCuTmini ceaaue Bsajin 
b CB01 pj'Kii capaBy OBiKysaHHa KoaaniB ixoio (rihbmii ni r ; cnii"i Ronfflfl 
i na cboio Bi^uoBUMbnicTb CKaa^H) i t. k, TaatHiB iepea ^aa-Tpn 
nicjia iioHHTKy noBCTaHHa, kojh Kiui MaB Bate ni,T, codoio ^ocnTb se- 
jriiicy repHTOpifo i BBHHsaa rocTpa H0Tpe6a b HO.iaro^eHHio piacnux iih- 
BiJTbBHx cupaB, ^0 11,161 ocTaHHbol poCoTii CTaB M. IHanoBaji (y. c-p.). 
M. BlanoBajioBi i I. Ill t e <{) a h o b i (y. c -p., mo a caioro noiaTKy* nos- 
CTaaaa 6tb npa Komi, saBi^yioHH no»fTOio i Tejeipa*))0« b pailoni onepanifi 
Koma-ui];i:;ii' fi osHOHacHO BUKoayrovii $yHKniio „aBH3Ky" mLk BifictKOBnsui 
Bixii.Kijiii i HaceaeBBasi) s^ajoea 6aran,bK0 3po6nTH b toii nac ^ia Haaa- 
io r T,aceHHa „TH.iy". 

*) <I>iiktii<iiihk KepoBHBBOM jinuiaH fiyB eHepfififliitt, rocbUhuB i xopoCpaS 
iiojiKOEniiK ,1c fin — Ha-ja.ii.HHK ruTaoy SHaiaii. 

**) OcoOjhbo Be.iHKi 601 HU1.1H sa ciamiiio BijHyi. Ciannis kLuks pa3JB 
nepeiojn.ua 3 pyK b pyitu. 3ai>iiiiiiJiiict fiol nepeioroio noBdaHCBKoro Biftei.Ka, 
Hiaiui Myci.in oaMOBHTBci siji; eaoro Kaiipy aaaonofliTK BiauiaaH. Ciaaniio 3axoniiB 
3. hojik Koaia nix KOJiaH^ow yitp. Mapm. do-ikobh. JliB(yKa. 






— 138 — 



3 3axoMeHHfliir, a casionoatepTBOio, a eHTy3isi3M0M, ai 3<5pocio b pyKar 
noECTaia bcs Tpyaoea YKpama na CopoTbGy a AHKTaTypoio noiiinniciB: 
i KanixajiicTiB. 

21. PoCKJiaA HiMeubKoi apmii i 3Ao6yTTS) Kn'iBa. l'enepa.1 Ceopo- 
naflCbrafi i pocilcbKO-CBpencbKO-HO.Tbc&KO-yKpafHCbKa oypaiyaaiH ue Korifl 
nocKap;KHTncb na mMeii;bKnx feHepaaiB, OcTaHiii jyiK.ia.in Bcix ciapanb 
yp Toro, mo6 noc-TaBiiTH HiMen,bKoro cai^ara b oGopony siiKTaTypn 6yp- 
aiyasii' i MOHapxnany na YKpalHi. Xoh 6Lion;epKiBC[.Ka ynoBa 3 Hurn^isn 
dyia yoa^eaa i a Bi^oia Ta aa bto^oio Hiaeu.bKoi BeanM Pa,i,n Ca.i,i,aT- 
cbKiix ^eayTaiiB y Kiiisi (b yKiiajamuo yroAU GpaB yiacTb npe,i,CTaBHHK 
ocTarabOl), son me uepeji, noiaTKOM noBCTaHHa s HijreubKHiiii ca.ij,aTaMii 
B&rncb neperOBOpn b KkIbi i nemos 611 oyjio 8a6e3ne<ieHo ne to mo 
HeBTpa.n.irii/Tb, aje naBi'rb i ^e-HKy iipnxiuibmcTb 3 ooity HiMeH,bKnx cai- 
flaTiB ,1,0 noBCTaacbKoro fpoffry, itpOTe Histenbite BiilcbKo Bi[CTyun.io cito- 
laray aKTHBHni i BiiepTim o6opoHn,eji reTbHanmnnn. Hiienbiri CTapmium 
noiicpea BCboro noMajm iipe^eTaBjaTH nepe,i, HiMeubKHiirH ca-i^araiin noBCTait- 
cbi;nfi pyx ho hk peBo.non.iio, ae hk opfaHMOBaHe ce.iHHCbKo-po6iTHime 
noBCTaHHH, a hk 3Bi™iiHnil poafiifi ia fiaBflimraM. Ciuojj sa reTbmaHCbKJio 
npecoio bohh 3aTyuiK0ByBa.in sifiemiH xapaKTep pyxy, 3auoBiyBajH y»iacTb 
b HbOMy no-irrnqnux yKpaincbKnx napTifr, sanoBiyBajin, mo Ha mm noBCTaHHH 
CTOiTt r T,npeKTopia, BiiABirraiow Haraiicub iia C. IleTJuopii, mum, mob.thb, 
3B0^nTb ocoGircTi paxyura 3 tea. CKoponaflCbKiiM, Ilo-aa h,hm HiiieubKi 
I'eHepa.in 3a.TflKyBa.1n ca-wriB Tnu, mo b pa.3i poaBiiTKy noBCTaHHa b Kpalni 
3ananye aeapxia — niiien,bKe BincbKO 6yse noafiaBiene mo/Oubocth bii- 
txan r T,o,TOJty, a moanuBO, i BraHmeno nOBCTaucbKium „ dan/pun ". IJeii 
apfyMenr naiicn.ibnime BiutHBaB na necBi r i,0Hnx, ofijypeHHx niiieubKnx ca,i- 
;i,;it]r. Ifpiisjipa aarmiy na >rv;i;m[i pofm.m Ex CJiyxBflBHKH B pjBai nhii'ii.1.- 
khx CTapuinH i BiiK.iiiKa.ia BopoadcTb jtfl noncTaHntB. Hapeiim, BU.inBa.in 
i Haftaan AnTaffnr .,Goponimi cnoKin" na YKpalHi i norpoan petipeciaan 
b paai neBnKOHiuuta ix. 

Hac.ii,i,KOM n;nx npninn Bcinna (niisen;bKa) Pa^a Ca.ijaTci.K)ix r T,eny- 
TaTia, Bcynepei 6Lion;epKiBCbKiff yjroBi, CTa.ia o^BepTO i ahTHBHO b ofiopony 
CKopona,i,cbKoro. I ko.th b nepmnx 6oax nil, KhIboi (XBacTiB-BoapKa) 
reTbMancbKi BaTant 6y.io posOnTo i pecny6.inKancbid BiffCbKa apaay at na- 
<i.in3[[. , ntcb xo Kiiiita. niseubKa aajiora KulBa Biipyuinja na (jsponx i satssaa 
nosiinir 3a Khibom. KoiianjyBaHHio pecny(3.inF:aHebKnx BiftcbK <iy.io aaaaaem, 
mo HiMn,i 6y,iyTb fiopoHii™ Khib ncpeji; HaeTynom noBCTancbKnx Bti'iei.i;. 
CTaHOBitme r ; (,npeKTopiI ycKJia^Hiuoci,. AiiTiiuiiun biictvii Hi>m;iB (Ta me 
fi pa,i!i ca.i r ;a.Tci,[;ux ^enyTariB) He Biny'BaB bitoto ^ofiporo. Tpefia 6y.io 
pfiTyBamcb. B ujii n,i.ii 6yjio nociano r T,npeKTopieK> (a XsacTOBa) ji&ze- 
l'anjio so KnlBCbKoI Pa^n Cajr^aTCbKHX^enyTaTiB.*) Hi»iir,i noiajw ,.KpyTHra". 
H.ieH Pas.H Cavl,i,aTCbKnx JI,enyTaTiB Manop Hponi saaniiB ,T,e.i«i'aniI b iaeHir 
nijieubKoro KOaaHjyBanEa i Pa^n (Ja.i r iaTCbKitx r ! i,eiiyTaTiB, mo iii«enbKe 
BiifcbKO na YKpalni ne Mae Haiiipy BTpj ri iaTiicb y Biryxpiuini yKpaincbKi 
cnpaBH i xo^e TiibSH O^EBoro — uroaunBG iiibajto BiiIxaTn a cboim Kafinoi 

*) B CMSfl Rejittfanil bioshb b qiicai uniniir 0. HaaapyK, skhh B.iacne i bib 
ueperoBopa 3 HianiiHH. 



— 139 — 



a yicpalHn, ajie mo na nepeuiKoj,L n,r>ony ctoitl nepesroaraima AnraHTa, 
AKa 'lepea (jipafmysbKoro KOacyjia b Ojeci (n. Eho) Biraarae, mo6 Hisur,i 
He nyeitajn noBCTancbKirx BificbK y Kni'B, iiofpoatym aa HeBHKOHaima uboro 
HaKaay piatansin penpeciflKH. flu BitcnoBOK, nafiop flpoui 3anponoHynaB, 
b kujix yHBKaeHBfl fafB, Bnanaairrn n,eMapKan,iiiHy jiimfo ni,n KnlROM. 
J,npeKTopii Hi'ioro ne 3ajtniiiajiocB, hk TJimacoRO iioroAnincb Ha bctqhob- 
jieHHH raicol jrmiL HiBHiiue roBopn;iii, mo KHiBCbua niaeubKa sa.iora ojiep- 
ata.ia Bij reTLwaHCbKOro ypa^y Beairra rpoari, mo ii apoCii.io j7 TaKoio yBaac- 
bok) }f,Q .neneai nana Eho a OAeen (14). 

BcTaHOBJieHHff aeM'ipKanifiHOl Jiimi, sRiminio, ee aaflesne'mio pecny6- 
jinKaHCbKoro BiilcbKa mn Hana,T,iB 3 Cony HImijjb. HiaeubKi ofjmuepji bcki^h 
npoBOKyBa.'iii Hiaeu,bKitx cai^axis Ha Ciiucii a HOBeTajmaMH. T Iepe3 Taity 
npoBOKan,iio mat iianiHM cTajiact CiiiKa Mia: HiaHHira i pcenj6ssBambSBM. 
BiitcbKOM i y Bnnairaj, Kyjp nepelxajia ^npeKTopia ((5inKa uh Kima.iuct 
oo'eaao'poennflM HiMeu;bKoi 3a.iorn). 3 jipyroro 6oKy — uoBCTancbKi BincbKa 
He jjyate 3Baatajm Ha BCHKi aoroBopn i 6h.ih HiiiniB, ;;e tlilkh aorjin. 
KhIb 3 ycix ookib OTOTyBasca pecnyo.'mKaHCbKnim BiiiebKaan, CTaaoBinne 
reTbJiaBCbKoro ypa,T,y CTaBaao Sesnajinnnii. Boho noripinyBa.ioeb a ,t,hh 
na ,T,eab me fi thm, mo Hiien;bKi BiiicbKa nora.in Bee dLibine poBCiionjoHisy- 
BaTiicb i ,,po3Ma,i;nTHeb". IIpoBOKan,ii' CTapunra Bate He noMora-m Caaaara 
6a"nr,nr, mo flaaeKO 6e3neTOime craacTH afipofo i nonpooyBaTn snIxaTH, aiac 
imoaaa™ cboI'mh iuiaBasin aa fenepajra CKopona;jcbKoro b <5oax 3 yKpaiH- 
cbKirini po6iTHHKaMn Ta cejtaHami. ^e-aid nojKii (hk, npraipoM, CaKcon- 
ri.Kiiii b Kami) aafiBiMH, mo HaBiTb aKTJiBHO BtieTynjinTb no <5on,i noBCTaB- 
nmx poCiTHHKis i cejraH. HooannOKi bij^um HimaJB noram cairo^inHHO 
i cenapaTBO BecTn iieperoBopn 3 KOManaaHii iiOBCTaHCbKiix BincbK, aaaBJiaRra 
roTOBHicTb cKJiacTH yCpoio, aon TUibKii (5yJio Biroeaeao ix ao Hiaeiaiinii. 
BincbKa r T,npeKropiI iiiiucn ua aycrpia TaKiiM Bi^Liai* i, ofiesaCpolBmn, Ofl- 
npaBja.nt ix emeJiOHain Koz&iy. jtyuwzo no toto, m<> HaBiTb Ti Hi»en,bKi 
siucbKa, HKi (5oponn;in Bxi,i; jifl KniBa, notiajn n o6e33i5poK)BaTncb". Kosiaaj;a 
HiMen;bKnx BincbK, napeniTi, nepeKona^acb, mo oopoTboa 3 pecuySjinKaa- 
CbKiiMn BiHCbKaun HB^acTbca 6e3aaji,iHHOio, i iiOBi^osnaa JJupeKTopifo, m<> 
xoTi.ia 6 BiiciaTH fle.iei'aniio a,ia ocTaTOiHoro iiopo3yitiHHa: b cnpaBi Bsacio- 
BiaHOCHH nix ^npeKTopicio i HiunnsH. 

12. rpy^HH 1918. Biji.o'y.iacb b Ko3aTnHi KOH^epennia iipnlxaBinoF 
3 Kni'Ba ;i,e-iei J imir Bncmoi HiMen;bKOi KoKaasn 3 .nejiei'aukio ^HpeETOpil 
(b CKJia^ ocTaaHboI ^eJiefanil bxo^iib rtHepaji TpeKOB i ,ap. 0. Hasa- 
p y k). Hijin,i norofl,iMiicb s/mm Kiiib. By.10 ni;yuioaHO BijuiOBJflHTiii Horosip. 
„HiMen,i,Kmt a reTbian 3ajnimaBca, TaKHH hhhom, 6ez HiMHJB. Ha^il H 
aciOTonoroHHiiKiB 6y.io aa.TO, i lepes Te r'eHepaJi CKoponavTCbKHH Bate TO^i 
aopyiHB itieHOBi HiMeu,bKor 3e.iei'an;ii maiiopoBi (I>oh-4 e .i h 3 e h'obi ojho- 
l iacHo 3 uUancaHHait aorosopy npo HeiiTpajiTet HiBii;iB BannTaTii Jl,npeK- 
Topiw, ™ oy^e BiinymeHO fioro atHBHM 3 KniBa, kojih BiH yCTyunTbca 
■8 reTMiancTBa. 

3o.ioTonoroHHHKH npodyBajiH me nicia n^oro onipaTHCb, aae ho 
moivih bctobth npoTii pecDyGjHKaHCbKiix BificbK thm 6'ubiue, mo b caM0»y 
KhIb i noaajiocb noBCTaHHH nia KepyBaHHflM PeBOJHonjimoro KoMiTCTy. 



— 140 — 



yKpai'KCbKHii BificbKOBnii PeBOJitonjifimiH KomTeT KoopsmyBaB cbok> 
poooiy 3 ceKU,icH> pecnyd.inKaHCbKOro siiiebKa, ni,T,roTOB3atOHH noECTanHK 
b micTi. Ojubis a BajKHiuyix saB^aHt KoiiiTeTy 6yaa ariTaok cepea m- 
nen;hKiis caj^ariB i 3hochhh 3 KhIbclkoio Pa r i,oro CajisaTCbKnx ^euyTariB. 
Cno'iaTKy vfl poSoia ,/iyate yTpysuioBajiacb HeneBHOio noBe;UnKoio ixmobh 
Hiaen^Koro CoB^eny ni^,-oi}nai,epa KipxHepa, hk i Bsaraai BCief npean^ii, 
KOTpa nomiTHO pocxojnjiacr, 3 naCTpojnm OLTMioCTn HmeiibKnx ca.^T,a.TiB. 
3hociiuh i nepcrosopH mourn ycninraime nicjia Toro, 3k 6yjro nepeoopano 
CoB^en, i B3ara.ii CHTyanjii Ha YKpaiiri ,nya;e siiHHjaCb He Ha KOpncrt. 
reTBMaHa i Hinn;iB. IIpHnapao n,e sace Ha nepiiri nncia ipyAHJi. Kpim 
CoB^ena, PeBOJiKiujiinHH KomTeT HaBHsau 3hochhu i 6e3nocepe;i,Hbo 3 ;riBn»ra: 
r"pynaini CoB^eny Ta OKpeiimn BifiCbKOBHurn MaCTmram B peayjiLTari 
6iJU,iuicTb BifictKOBHX mieubKnx lacTira b Kni'si 3aiiBJf.incH ia rawaTKy 
rp) r r yia 88 HeibpajiiTeT b 6opora.6l Mia; reTbMaHCbKHin i pecnytoiKaHctKHMir 
BiflcbKajtii, a caKcoHCBKHii noiK saHBHB, m;o BiH aKTHBHO cTane Ha 6oni 
yKpaiHCbKOi ^eMOKparii. 

Kojhi 3 hwotobhoi poCoin PeBOJironinHoro KoiiiTeTy i posEHTKy 
noRifi BHaBiiJiaCB mwohbIctb i iiOTpeda peBO.iH>n,ijiHoro BHCTyny r Kniei, 
KOOpAHHOBMoro 3 HaCTynOM HOBCTaacbKiix BiicbK na KniB, PeBOJironiimuK 
KoMiieT npiBHa^HB .pa KepyBannfl BHCTynoi OKpesnil OnepaTiiBanii UlTa6 
b estfajp M. AB^ieHKa, M. TajraraHa i F, Fopodna. IIi r T, uepy- 
saHHff IllTafiy dyjiH Baari fioefii l'pymi eoEJaaicTicnnix napriS — yicpaiH- 
cbfri i ue-jTcpai'HCbKi (b TOMy HH&ai i 6oju,ineBHKii). 

Koxh BiiicbKO ^pipeKTopii' Had.rasHJiocb b nepuri jm noBCTaHHa jo 
Kni'Ba i poanoiaao (19. jrncTona P na) HacTyn Ha Bopoari no3nn,ii olia Kni'sa, 
PeBOJionJHiniH Komitst npHsnamiB adpofiHnii sncTyn b KnFBi. B HOni 
3 22. sa 23. 'jiiiCTonasy peBOiironiiim orpH^n 3axonn.iH no^ijr ((rabiue- 
biikh), ilnde^cbKiiit PafioH, lacTHHy CiapoKnlBCLKoro y^ac-TKa, JlyKaniBKH 
i KypiniBKn. Ajie ^repes piatm nepeuiKo^n (rojioBHnii hhhok iepea se- 
apyJKHHft BncTyn Bcix Socbhx BijsiiiB KoiiiTeTy) saxoimTn Kama no B^,a.iocb f 
i 3 Hauaay KoMiieiy 23. jincTona r i,a Cy.iio onymeHO peBOJiioniiiHHiBH Bijt,— 
^ijiaira Baxonjem BJKe paiioBa. Ilpn n,BOHy BHCTyni HiMen,t.Ki caj r i,aTH He- 
pofiH-iH HiaKoro onopy nOBCTaHii;aM, a reTbaaHCbKi „op J in" poaGirajnrcb nicjia 
neBe-iitKoro onopy (naHac BHCTyny rcTtaaHn,! no.ioHHJiii i asipebKi aairytiHiH 
t. iBaHosa, mo KeppaB BUCTynont b JLn6ej!;ctK0My pafioni). 

IH,o6 HaBHsaTn Tiemnj,i shochhh 3 ^npeKTopiero i neBHO KoopaHHy- 
BaTH cai^yfo i ntH BHCTyn b KniBi 3 hobhm HacTynoir peenydjnKaHCbKHX 
siilcBK na Khib, PeBOjTron,iilHnii KoaiTeT Bncjias ao ^npeKTopii cboto npea- 
CTaBBJiKa M. AB3,ieHKa, hkhh i 6yB npn ^npeKTOpil Beet ?ac so BHCTyny 
pecnySjiHKancbKoro sifcbKa b KhIb. 

,HpyrHH BHCTyn PeBoaronjiinoro KoariTeTy b KniBi daBC^i ni^ac: 
ocTaHHtoro nacTyny noBCTancbKoro BWCbKa na Khib. B njoiy BHCTyni fipaiH 
ynaeTb id}K hhuihm i 6owi BimLm eBpenetKHX conja-iicTJitorax HapTiii 
(„Cepn", „Byna;", „Uoajie-HioH") ; odiu.ajia BHCTynnTii ai cboim CoeBHM 
bUsLiom i YIICP (aifiiix), aie He BucTynnja. Kojih yKpaiscbKe BiflcbKO- 
BmepTt Ha&iHBHJiocb ^o Knisa, a Huien;bKa Pa^a CaiAaTCbKax Jl,enyTaTiB T 
niciH yisoBH a ,3,npeKTopieio, oroiocHJia cbih hobhhh ^enTpajiiTeT, b yum 



^^M^H^^^^M 



— 141 — 

3 13. na 14. rpy,T,H.i a Hanaay OnepaMBaoro UlTafiy yKpaiHCbiu poGiTHnii 
i BittctKOBi I'pynn 3axonHJin yBect ITeiepctK, KypimBKy, DlyMBKy, JtyEa- 
niBKy i paiioH 3ajii3Him,i. Ilia; paHOK 14. rpyana 6y.io po33dpoeHO bci 
reTbMaircbKi OTpn,T,n na Ile^epcbKy, 3axomeHo Tempa-iraHii BlraC i Biii- 
ctKOBe MinicTepcTBO. Ea KypMBiil OTpajyi noBCTaau,iB aaxonnan 6aTapeio 
Cej i,u<ni,r>Koro no.iKy i, nopoayMiBumcij 3 cep^roKaira, CTaan aa/iina ;s Kyjie- 
mi'tib i rapjfai y tiiji Bopoaiiix no3nn,n1, m,o Cyan b paiioai Ilyinn-Bo^nnj. 
B paiioHi aaaisHiTUB OTpaa,0M PeBO-iKmifraoro KomiTeTy 6ys BaaTHii 6poae- 
Bini itoTar ^odpoEOfltniB. Ko.in BnacnnBca ycnix noBCTaana, 3 caaoro 
ItaHKy 14. rpyaafl ^aciHEH 6yBumx reTbMaHCbKiix BincbK (HyfoacMriFir. 
Pa^ostncJibCbKiiii i aacTiran iinuinx ho-uob) noaajn iia;i.eii:i;iTn ji,o OnepaTira- 
soro BlTatfy cboIx ynOBHOBaxeanx 3 saaBajm, mo bohii npae^nyfOTbca jt,o 
peBOJiionijbiiix Biiicbic. ,.1,0 TpeTtoI ro^min ana b KniEi Bxe He aaraajiocb 
6oe3^aTHirx reTwiaacbKHx nacTan. JDmie rop6n ji.o6pOBOJibnJB, juri Tifcajia 
3 (fpcany, HauOBHUJii eodoio neflai'01'iraMii Myaeii i Tarn aa^HHMHCt, 4. re- 
turn 14. rpy,ipH — piBHO nepe3 meant a ;nHa mraaTKy nOBCTaHaa aa 
By.iniiax KniBa Ba;e 6y:ia nepini OTpa^n ytcpalacbKoro peBoaioainHoro Biiicbica 
3 (Jipoary, aKe ocTaTOUHO po36iiJio, uicaa ^BOXAeiraiix GoLb, ,n,oopOBO.,ibii;iB 
mj( Khibom (15). 

I'eaepaji C'KoponascbKaS orojiocim, mo sia BpiKaertca Ksajpr. llepe- 
OjT,arHyTiiii b HiMen,i.Kni[ BiucbKOBiiii oj,ar, siH nepexoBaBCfl jsp-amii qac 
b KulBi, a ni3Hime BinxaB BKyai 3 niiifiii,LKiiira I'eHepa.iaitn sa Mead YKpatei.*) 

Herafiao no KaaiTyjiaa,iI reibaancbKOro ypaay Baj Beiip 14. rpy^aa 
PeBOjiK)n;iiiuTiM KojiixeTOM 6yaa npasaaacna P a j, a K m i e a p i b, ano thm- 
lacoBa aafiBiima nuiiTipma B-iajia b Kami jip npnxo^y r T,irpeKTopiI. Koni- 
capa Bsaan it L,t, cniil fpTBSR liHiCTepcTBa, a TaKoa: BiinycTiuia 3 Ba3Hnn,b 
Kiiisa nojiiTiiiaax BasaiB (jifi 500 loaos.). 

17. rpyjiaa yKpalHCbKiiii BificbKOBnn PeBO-uoaiimaii Komitct, irpnii- 
hhbuih aa yBary, aj;o BifictKOga B.ui r i,a b Khibi iiepeiliuaa 3,0 KoMaajiyioioro 
Oca^aHM Kopuycom (KoHOBajbiiifl), a HQJiiTnaHa so Pa^n KoaicapiB, pos- 
Bfiaas cefie.) 

TaK HiMentKa peBOJUonia jionoioraa yKpaiactKOMy TpyjOBOMy joosobj 
CKitayTii b ce6e raaiKe apMO ren.MaHiujrHn, MKnayTe aa fioro noMimmsasn 
Ta KaniTaviicTaffln sa ^oaoMoroio niaeubKni fenepaaiB. 



*) EjBTUHfi CeicpeTap reiiMana CKoponasctKoro M p k 1 y h BajipyKTOaB 
(b HtOBTui 1919.) J irapHa:ebKiix mockobcikhx faaerax ojtBepTiift jiuct up C. IleT- 
aiopii (FoaoBB ^HpfiElopB), b hkohj oroaocHB biaomocth npo npnHa.iejKKicTi, C. IIeT.iiopii 
So MacoBCLKo'i .IiosKi (nia nposoxoii ^fpocHaBcTpa MopKoryna"), npo iloro BBnaKii 
3 ajiiaKTCiKHiu aieniaiiH i t. j(. B toiy ancii «ist dhdium roBopintcH, mo C. JleT- 
.raopa 3HaB, Je nepeioByenca Jeaepaa CKopona^ctKuii, ajie ho nocsiiB aaHeraiiu 
CEoponaj,c£Koro qepe3 saOopoHy MacoHiB. 






^OflaTKH #0 TeKCTy. 



1. Cbob ytacra b renaaHCLKoay nepenopori yspalHCBKa ,HeaoKpaTn*tHO-Xin6o- 
poOctica llapria 3aTymK0Bye. OffHaie ia yiacit SBjaertca 6e3cyaHinB0» i oieBn^uoB, 
IIpan,fo cbob npoTH UeHTpaJitHoi Pajyi n,a napiis nonena nuiKoa ojBepio i aransHO 
mfi 3 Kiuns Ciepe3Ba ricanjt 101?*., nicia ^cjiaBHoaBieHoi" meMCTiBCiKo-i.ii6opo6ci.Koi 
seaefanil, ana Bate To^i ffoaarasact bis UeHipaaiaol Pa^n ne mbkh cKacyBaaaa 
aeaeatnoro aaKoay, aae ft 3aian cias^y HeaTpajtaoI Pass (uuaxoa ffonoBaenna II 
B iai6opo6aMn u ) Ta II 3arajtfloI noiiiniKH. 

Pofioia u,iel naprit, aaitpaBaeHa wa noBajieHBa UeBipaatno'i Paffa, Hinjia 3 Toro 
lacy b noBniM KOBTaKti s ujaKOM noainiHn.i.KOKi BeyKpalflctKoio oplaHi3an,ieio — 
„Coio30mt. 3eMMLHUii co6ciflenniiKOB'i.'' (mo noita npufipaB coOi Ha3By „BceyKpaIn- 
ctKoro CoBay Beaeaianr BaaeHUKiB"). ll\e Bi^i3a:ajoiH 3 Knlna, jneaeiiBCLKG-Kyp- 
KyjiiactKa ffejiefanja nociaBOBiua BBifita b ricne noposyaiHHa 3 B Co»3o«i. aeBwii- 
HurL co6cTBeaitHKOBX u (xofli me o6nacTHOK> op(aaiaan,ieB „BeepocciiicKaro Cowsa 
3&&exi>uux% coflCTBeHBHKOBT.'', asa, ^,0 peia, sect ^ac ojpepio naji;3BH5aHH0 Bopoaie 
cTauH.iaci h° BispofliKeiifiH ygpftlffClBOl ffepHcaBiiocTn) i pasoa 3 nna coiiKaxa iia 
28. — 30. kbitbh noaimiin,fcKo-KypKy:iiBC[>Knn s'ia^ ftaH noBa.MHHn HeiiTpa-iiHoI Pa^H, 

Hefi eni-ibnufi »1»fl jcieteTiB Bin, opfaHiaau,in „x.ii6opo6iB-,n;eaoKpariB" i e\£ 
„Co»3a seaeJuiEm co6cTBeHnaK0B'i>" i Bl^fijBca 2D. kbithh, aauiHiuBniHCia ,,bh6o- 
pa«n" reTLMana. npaBja, npn ntomy Bnnaron „BajientKnii Koii([iy3". A caae. IIpii- 
'ttaninM na cni.ii.HHH 3"i3i]„ irpoBiflimKH „i.ii(3opo6iB" no6aiHan, mo aa a'ls^i saKH^aettca 
aa mnci. 6i.iLuie ii name, iiia; a.innyiia.~ia bobii. Bonn nofiaiUM, mp ciipana Moace 
BaKiBiiiTECL ne tubkh po3roaou UempaatHOl Paxil i EawaHOBJieuuaa reiLiaua (ojboro 
bohu Bci«B symeB xotuh), a imcb 6Liiui cepnoBiim — nepexojoa sciel aepasaBHo'i 
B.iaaa Ha yKpa'ini n,i.iKoa i HenofliaEHO ao pociiicBllo-nojiBci.KO-atBffiBci.KoI bcjuikoI 
afpapnol i iipojniMOHo-JinaHCOBO'i 6ypmya3ii 3 3aaHBieBnaii „ne y ffkri" Ix — 
„sai6opo6iB", mo iaK i6afianB0 kocthjih eo6i CTe^Ky ao saa^a, mo iaK xoii.ia rial 
BJia^a, mo me Ha noiaTKy peBOJuon.il taK Baaito apiiuu npo KypKyjiiBCi,KO-r.iiiT;uioiKy 
„uii6opo6cBKy" J 7 KpaIiiy. '6 niel npauauH ,^iii6opo6n" DaaBH-iHca 28. kbithm 3a 
,,niyKanBa Koanpoiticy 3 I{eiiTpa;u.uoK) Pa^oio", a 29. Raima xoiian mpfiyin ceog 
OKpeaa (Biff ffejiefaiis ,,Co»3a scbmlbuxt, co6ctbcbhukobi>") aaciaaBHH. O^naie 
HineqiiKi tenepaja upn3Haii(.iu na n,ca ftenj. ,,Ba6opH" reiLMaua i aaaBaan „iai6o- 
poCan" HeffB03HaiHo, mo reibaaaa noBnneH BnSipaia bscb „napoft", BKyni — na 
oaHOKy s'Isjtf. B niel npniHaa oKpeac aaciffanna ,,xjiidopo6iB" ne Bifffiy.ioci,. „X.iiOo- 
pofin" saaiyTt, mo Bona ae 6y.ia b u,ea hcui. Taicoat i na 3"i3ffi noaimaKiB b niipKy : 
ot:kc, «ob.ihb, ne npa^cTHi i 3,0 Bii6opin reTLMana. O^naio a,ioay cynepe^UTB nca 
pru'ioia nje'i napiii. He Kaa;yin Ba:e npo KonyaiKaTa H]Hen,LKni JenepajiiB ^o Bep.iiny, 
b hkbx a.1 ocTanHi Biipasno i 3 ni^KpecjicHHaH 3a3Ha«iajin, m° caae „i.ii6opo6n", 
a ne liGMinumiKna ,,CoB3i co6ciBeflnaK0Bi." ,,Bii6pa^u" rcTtaaHa, e ^aKTO», mo na 
3'iiiffi b ajipsy, 10^ i „He opfaaiaoBaHO", 6yaa npacyTHi aeat:faTa „iaioopo6cBKo- 
fleMOKpaTiiiHo'I Haptil". Ilpo npaay apnendaa ro reTiH.anci.Koro nepesopory cbi,t;- 
iiiTi. i aajiLBio HociynoBaBHa npe! lui^.Tii. 

Spyroro ffna nicia „Ba6opiB" reTMiaaa — 30. kbithh Biff6yjioca ospeae 
3i6paHnn x.Tiu<ipo6iB-fteBoKpaTin. He«a ^oro roBOpHTH npo Te, mo po3roHUeHipa.it- 
nol Pa^H i nepeiij B.iajn yfi „scHOBe.ii.HO*jcHoro nana reTtMana" uepenoBaaB cepua 
fi.IM'BBHX DSBOK BB.1HK0IO pa^icTB. Offiie bLwbh Typiiyaa.10 Is Tpoxii : in ne 
aiiiaaBTB bohh Tyt • o6^H3nsr, ih ne BistiieTtca ^acoa „acHOB«ii,Boa:nnn" CyflynaTn 
He ,,xji6opodcbKO-xyTopancLKy", a BejuiKO-aaHctKy, noaimin,tK0-6yi»Kya3Hy i T KpaIny ? 
3 njcl npiiiiiBii aiOpaauM „xJii6opo6iB-fteaoKpaTiB" Bnpooaio ocoOaaBy 3aaBy jifl 
reTtMana i yiBajaao sanpoxaTH reaaaHa ua CBia a'u,!,, mo6 3paay — oko na oko — 
nopoayaiTuci a mia mo-ffo BaBfiyTEtoI poai yKpalHcLKoI spKSno'i CypatyaaS b sepajaB- 
Hoay reiBaaacbKoay 6yfliBHaa,TBi. 



143 



Said nie'i aaaBH OyB caiayKmiii : 

„flcHOBe.iE.ao-<Kni[il IlaHe reibaaae ! Mil, yKpaiHciKi xaiSopoflii-jeaoKpaTH, 
auacao, no 6e3 caaBHOl Baajpi ne ao:ne 6yin a,o6poro aaay. Ajib Baafla u,a aycaib 
oyra njupo uapoflHLOK), seHOKpaTiiifloio, awpo yKpalHciKOKi. B.ia;ia xjcaib 6jta 
ch3ij.hok> ne TiJitKH GaraeTaasi, a.i6, rojiOBHe, .nepacaBHUM po3yaoa i aio6oBio ycbe.ro 
yKpainciKoro Haposy. Mil 6ya,eao BBaajaiH TaKV Baasy jtepaeaBBO-posyMaoio, Koipa 
ii i ,a e 3030Ton cepeftHBOW, Knipa, bsbbhih irpHK-iaj, 3 BeaiiKiix KyabTypnm 
aepataB, 6ya,e &6&ib npo BecB napij;, Be jacis aauanyflaiu b a e p i a b i 
y k ]i a i ii c t k i ii n i roaoii, ni BeiBKm (SaraTiipaa, a 3jnin sacay- 
Miiim jijoSob ycix lecHBX i sipHax chhib yitpa*inH. AOh nona Baaxa aacay-.iai.m 
a»(5oB i npii3iianHK ycLoro napojry, H0ipi6H0, norifi BOHa TBep^o aaasuaa i 3aaBy ty 
b HaiWanaeii aai 3aiBep,niua ;U.iom npo ie, mo : 1, Meroio hoboI B.ia,HH e Be3ajeacHa, 
ButHa, uapoa.ua ynpalHCbKa aepataBa ; H. mo fiyne cKaaEauo nosHonpaBHy, BisupaHy 
yci« napoaoa yupalHCBKy ^epxaBay Paay nicaa ioto, hk HacraHe cnoKiu Ha yKpaiai 
i bo Beams pasi He nasi, kk iepe3 Hiicib aicHuJB, i m,o BaSopuufi aauoa He noaCa- 
BHT6 npaa BH<5opiiix raiipoKHi nepcTB ce-iaHCTBa i B3ara.il rpoaaflSBCTBa i u,i (jyse 
ijy.Kius, jik i: Tenep b fepMaHCBKiii alpacas! b BaSopax a,o napasaeHTy ; 3. 111,0 nicas 
CKms&HHl ,^ep3KaBHoi Pa,T,H Hiioro <5e3 aro^H Paa,u pofiiinica hc 6ya,e; 4. 111,0 Tim- 
lacosi pociiopaftMifiHHH yKpainciKoi saaaji b cnpaEi aeMeabHiii fiyayrb Tiabun Tani, 
AKi ne nepcuiKOflait JI,epataBHiu Paa,i npOBecm miipOKy seveauty pe$opay, aaapaB- 
aeay ,io Turn, aiiu icjiiii a a u t k a 11 a 3 a k 11 11 i ii 11 i a, c t a u i 6 J X % 
ji a. ]> o 6 .1 e h i y Baacaieib iliac xaifiopoOaau; 5. 111,0 bo ucsiKia 
paai flo caa 11 nanus ^epacaBiioi Paa,u ctieKyaania seaaeio ne 6ya,e a,03Boaeaa i He 
Oy#e so3bo.icho EynyBaTH seaaio aiKoay, onpii yiqialnebKiix cenan ; 6. 111,0 u yspalH- 
cbKia ypa^i fiij£Uta 'lacrana .iKisefi Cyfle naaevi;aTH a<> Tin, xto aaBHtoio upauom 
cbobio H0Ka3aB cboio uipmcrB yKpateetKift nau;iona,ii,Ho flepacaBnifl i^ei i CBoe poay- 
aiaHa noipe6 ce.iHHCTBa i poSiiHHuiB ; 7. 111,0 b yKpainciKia ypa;i,i e aicn,e tLiikii 
ftaa BipHHX cdhib yKpaliia i ne aoaie Cyrn a»aeii, aisi rarHyTt ^o Poci! aCo a,° 
llo.iLmi i 8. lHo b i;ea nepexo^oBafi lac nopaflOK dy^e naB03,HTiict ofiepeatHHaii, 
aacnoBauiiMii Ha acHoay saKoui aipaaii." 

'llpiKiiiTanuiii urn aaiiny, reuepa.! CKopona^cBKiiS 3aM*tcu,b cefie noc.iaB na a'la^ 
„x.ii(iopo6iB" CBoro feaepajiBHoro niirapa II ji t a b h, 11 i ocayaa 3 e a e u e b- 
CbKoro, ski npoiHTa,iH 3')3,ioBi sanacaay ai eaifl CKoponaftctKoro xany Bia,nonui. 
11a 3aany : „Bipm cuaii J'KpaiHLi, ^opori Spain aol ! Koaii 11 taEUii icm a B3se 
Eaaay b cboi pyKH, 10 ne a,ia roro, n;o6 3GyajBaTU yKpaluy i n<t Kiniia rhib cboix 
C}*th BipHiia cnnoa flOporol uaiiio'i HeHiKa i Bciaa CHaaan OopoHHTH jjepaiaBHi 
i Haiiioiraatai ir|)aBa yi;pai'ncBKoro Hapoflj - . Ilpouiy i nanaa naio aaa, Cpara, Bipno 
i miipo cay/KiiTH He3a.ie>KHiH yKpai'Hcwiiil ^epsasi aauiiB. yKpaHacBKa ^epsasBa 
Paja Gyxe CKaitKana aa]ia3 ace uicaa Toro, sk naciaHe cdokIh na FapalBi ILpoaiy 
i iipHKa3 ,i,aio Baa ^onoaomi aeai hk HaaHiBii^ie saBecm xoflpiirt aaKouniui nopa^ox 
11a yKpaM. /lyaKH, BiicaoBaeHi b Baasi Baniitt, B3araai ii ao'i ,nyMKii, Byaj afiaia 
06 Tijt, a6a no 3ao:)i cm cboix i oScTaBim sa.ioBoainiiTH Baiai 6aa;aiiiia ^oporax 
cepn;io aoeay ceaaH-xai6opo6tB. Kiniy Bao bbix ae ataaiioyB cua i asopoBaa ro 
CHepfiiiaol npan,i no BiaSyiyBaaaio ae3a.ieajaoi yKpatacBKoi Jtepajasn, aaaj- i chokokj 
na yapalai. Aaiin,. rertBaa IlaB.io C a p aaflClKHH." . 

3oopu BKpnaa BiinoBiAt CKoponaflCiKoro ry i raaa „ci8»!" niafiasiopeai 
C]iaTaBnaa ,,aCHoBeaLaoacHoro", bohu yxBajiiiaa me caijyioMi joaaTKoBi no csoei 
saasu nociaiioBH: „1. A(Sh Heraano Cyao noBepHyio zasalHaii norpafionane y mix 
aauHO; 2. A6n posnymeai Cyan Koaiiera i nepeBuflpaHi seacTBa ; 3. A6h CKacoaaH) 
Syau BBfiopa #0 yicpalHCLKM yciaaoBiax SfiopiB i 4. AOh neraBno Cyao Baxaao 
aaKou npo iria^,aacTBo i npo npHcsry na Bipaicw. yKpalaciKiii jepa;afli." 

IIpoBiiin,iaaiHi BiajpaH ^eaoKpaiHiHo-XaiOopoOeiKO) Ilapiil laKOK aiiaan 
,,acaoBeai,aoa;Horo xa3a5na", BiiaaraioiM penpoeiii itpoia „ce.iaHCiB0l roaoia" i Ha- 
rajjy»iH apo cnoe naane Caacajina npaKyraiTa ro cboIx xj'TopiB m,e aKHiict aecaio^os 
jeeaTHH naHcbKo'i acaeaiKH, 

Osaaie ,,x.iifiopo6a" noaiiatiaact. „acHOBeaB«oa£HHi1" pociHebKO-uiaea^KHfi 
reitaaH ae cnpaBj.ua cnofliBanoa „Aoporax fioro cepnro 6paiiB" ceaaH-raaTaiB. 

2. Iloaaeao iyT Re-aai buomocth, npo yKjiaSacBKUi ec-e^iiB b taei aepeso- 
poTy — napTiio, m;o, aajoia coniaaiciimny naaBy, ^aoKpaTHiay ^pajeoaBoriio 



— 14i — 



i (iypHtyasHO-neBOKpaTH'my cyTb, CToaaa aesoB 6n aocepexHHi aim npaaiiK Kpajioa 
j'Kpa'iucbKo'i cou.ia.iiCTH4Hoi xeMOKpari'i i aifiepsuiLHOw Gypatyasieio. 

IIpo aiiiCKa Biftnomennn ec-e$ia x.o rextnaKCiKoro nepeBopoTy HeMae jaox 
flyaOK: ec-e<t>n flaeHO aacKyiajH aa „TBep;;oH> BJia^ojo, nopB^KOjt, aUoBM ypaxoa, 
peaabHOW noiiiTHKOR)" i noaionmiH rapiiHun piianit roay, mnpo pa.'ii.'iii 3 iora, 
mo, Hapenrri, 6yjio ycyHyTo peBOJiKmiflay UeiiTpajibay Paiy i nocTaajieao „flep- 



acasHy capaay i pofiory Ha aijuiOBi'.aHHii fpyHT" 



lie no3.o(5aBca Sm tulku 



creocifi nepeBopoiy, hltkom posfiuniaUbKuii, xo'i i nepefle;[eHiiH „eBponeiicBKiia, Ky.ib- 
Typunx" oiMciibKiix „iia[>o r T.ua". Bixnoiuenaa ne Moaina ^opMyjiysaTH enoBaau o.t- 
noro 3 :iij,cpJB c.-ip. (A. HiKoscnoro), sKaii cicaaaB (na ttif} caprii"), mo ,,ne 
3Baa;aioiii na BJTyiaicTt nepe-BopoTy, B jriiacnoeTH iioro Tpeoa ynaacaiu .lioIiiMiio 
npHpoABHn", 60, mobjmb, ,,niofluicrb aaBuo cuo^iBajiaca isep^ol BJia^ii." 

,,Ono3HB,ia" c,-$. xo rcTb«aHiB,uHH, mo BHaBu.iaei. na Si napiiiinoMy »'I»li 

(B KlIlBJ, 10. — 1-. TpaBHH, 3BI(iaBH0, jTefa.lLBOay), BOflCHIOCILCH B BCJlIKiii Mipi HB- 

B^ajHH BiHn.eK neperoBOpis c.-$. 3 Hianasm npo yTaopemiH ee-e<]nBci>KOro KafiineTy. 

OSpaaceai tum, mo BJia&a nepefiuuia jf,o pyK He-ynpainciKoS fiypacyaa I, ec-e$n 
BHHec^H KUi»na „cep,HHTiix" noctauoB, aaupaB.iennx, ai; tipoTii HinenLKiix BiiiciKOBnx 
Baaciefl, iaK i npota HOBoyTBopefloro rettJiaECBKoro npaBnie.iLCTBa. 

IlosacMO iyi so-flid 3 am. IIocraiioBa 3')3^y I. B ciipaBiBUuoueHiis 
10 U e u rp a,i lhhs ^epaiaB: „IIapiia c.-o)., biiioahih 3 roro, 1. mo ys- 
paiHCLKe rpoxainncTBO hikojii itiiiac Biiiau ue fiyjo nepefinnie inoninicTii'ii:oio 
i HKOfo-6yflt HeHaBucwo i BopoaticTio jo U,eHTpaji£Hui itepacas, 2. mo, ko.iii Hi«HLEo- 
aHCipiiitLKO bluclko npimi;i.iuo na nontnt\>ry upoTH Oo.JLUieBHKiu, na ULoro ahbiijioch 
VKpalHCtKo ]'p«jia;ianCTBu B3arajii i naiaa napiia 30Kpena, aic Ha bimclko RpysKntoI 
aaa nepatasn, 3. mo ffoBOAatenaH ypaay roaydoBnia iaco« ae Bjr.OBOJH.nHJio cnpa- 
aejjiiBHX minor apyacHboro BiiicLita, bkb npBiiui.io na louoaory, irapiia pa30X 3 tus 
Koneraryi! : 1. m,o b ao-jikhx Biina^Kax noBe^uiKa HiicittKoro KoaaHxyBanun xaEOHi 
6y.ia ncBLinoBiiiiuKi nfyxsia ,i,e]);KaBiiiiH u«au»iinx liUiuiciiiiasi, 2. mo uipyiauH« 
niaentKora KoHau,i)'BaHiin no cnpaB biiii^u iiojiniitii ira J'i;paini, o^pa3a uapjaneuiy 
yspaluii — HeBTpajtno'i Paxil, po3rOH i"i, ficiaiouieuHi BiMen,tKOH) ch- 
jojo reiBiaacTBa i a 6 c o :i hi t si o uejeaoKpaniiuoio ta hoc* 
KBO^uBctKoro cboIsb leHfteHaJBXH ypa,ny BinmiKae npoTCCT, ai; 3 6ony napnl, TaK 
i BCtoro yxpalBCbKoro rponaAHHCTsa, iijiotii h,f.oix) ri:ii>Kii uo'iacm saApaiiuBauuio 
BTpyiaHaa b arnrra spyro'i flepa:aaa.'' 

II. B ciipaBaXTaKTiiEniaiji.nonieiiHH jo aojeinj; „1. ;l,o 
KonCTsnyuii, any Bitjan reiBnaiiCbKau ypax, nap-riii Bi^HOCKTbCa piuiyqc Be/aiBBBO, 
hk 3.0 aOeOjiKmiCTiiiHO'i i aHTii3,eaoEpaTH>iHoi ; TaK caso aeAeuoKpaTninna i b '5a- 
rattos BiiuaiK-as pcaKU,ii1uHi i upuTUAepxaBHim yBaaiae napiia cy l iacnilii Kaflinei 
MmicipiB, craBiittca b piaiyiy ono3Hu,iio ^o nboro i aafiopoiiae cboik i.ienau Bcry- 
naiii b iioro citaaa,- 2. B cboiS poflori nap™ waa CopoTiica npoiu BcaKoro sajtaxy 
na iiamy .iL-pvicamiicTt, npoiu uioniHiany ia bcakoI nan.iona^i.aoi Bopoacueiii. 3. I^yiii 
aa sycTpiii Bapo^oai i bhioahiu s iioro iHTepeciB, nap™ saepiae bk naBdijiLiuy 
yaary aa opfaaisaniuHy Ta KyjiMypHy poflory cepeft nac, sko nUBaaiiHy aepxaBHoro, 
nojiiTHiaoro, con,iai*Horo S nanionaaLfforo BijpoAaceHBa yKpalaa " 



*) Hara^aeMO Tyr, mo iiicjie noBopoiy HeHTpaabHoi Paj;H jo Kniaa a /Kiito- 
Hnpa ec-o$n iiocTaBMnct jio Hel b ayace rocTpy 01103110.110. 'tpanuia ec-eipiB ,iosa- 
ra.iact caacyaairHS UeBTpaatiioi PajiH, he „ojpKnBiuoi caifi bie", i ni^BOCBJia npocKi 
opfaniaaitii hoboto napnaienTapHoro opraay — Jl,epacaBHOi Pa^H, cujiajenol „BiAaoai,T.iio 
tacoai" 3 npeacraBBBKiB bbjhko! i spifinoi 6ypxya3il. Oxnoiacno ec-eo)n, *a»4H 
Ki.iLKa nopTijtejiiB b Ka^iaexi Toayo'oBHia, ae sasoBoatiiB.iHCb cboIx danoBumes 
HcnmoCTii a nix, AOMaraaacE yraopeaaa HOBoro Sypayaanoro, iu, he toai tobo- 
piUH, „i,ijioBoro'' EaOiHeiy. JtoBUttBHiHCb npo niarotOBEy nepeaopOTy, c-$., mo6 ne 
noaacTH a tucao „iiepeBepHyTiix", pimajin aiiiiTH 3i csjaiy itpaBHTe.itciBa lleaipajiB- 
aoi Pajin, omaie n Tporn aatiijffEUHCa", sb CEaaas ipyrHB jii^ep c.-<jj., B. n p o k o- 
n o b « i : npo ojciaBKy saamt.in toai, kojk Hinn;i Be.™ iinyp* na UempaaLny 
Pajy, i thm caia EBuyiin na cefle tiel y4acra b reTbstaHe1.K0-HiBen4.KiB 3«oBi. Ha 
3aci;sanKK3 KafiineTy nfi ofonnyaaieniia ojaepio 6yso KHHyio c.-Oj., mo i npHBiycn.10 
Ix BaaTH cbok> o^ciaBKy aa3a^. 



— 145 — 



Ji&jii 3"i3j unnic nocTaHOBy b capaai sobh, 3a3BainBiHii, mo „b yKpa'iHCMcifi; 
flepatafii xepmaBHoro xoboki noniinua 6yiH yKpaiuci.Ka ,, 1 a laiwac sanpoTeciyBaB 
npoTB poarony ceJisncticoro s'i3^y i 3aBejienHB nonepejaiol nen3_ypn, an „npoaBiB 
iio.iiTKiHoi peaKttil ia 3B0,i,eBus paxyaKiB 3 iioaiTitiiiiiaH npoTitunmiaint," 

OAiiaye bci nj „rocipi i piaiyii npOTeciu" na sci (>oku cyan utaiioa „eBpo- 
oeiiCBKOro" xapaifrepy, oyjtii hiiaf uiuuiia, hk tulkh ,,ono3nn,ieK) floro BCJiimnocTii" 

— nana reitaaHa. Bohh hjjikob He saBajKaaa ec-e<paa nociiimo ao<>HBaTiic& nopr- 
$eaiB b reTBuaaciKOMy KafiiaeTi, rait caao, as i ne sana,n,Hjiu c.-$. JI. Ciapiim- 
Kiii-lepnaxiBCBKiii BiiaTit reftaana CKOponaactKOro na Bi^KpHiTio yspa- 
SBCiisoro K3K>6j b KaiBi (19. aaa 1918.). 

KopiBb cnpaBH noJiaraa He b reTtaaHrnnai, as peaaiMi, naaiTt He b peaKnjfi- 
H0»y Kypci reTinaecBKoro npaaiiiejibCTBa, a bbmri^ho b TOMy, mo y BaajH oyjra 
He yKpaiactKa jipioHa 6ypjKya3ia, sk Bona xoro jtyate xc-Tuia, a pocific6KO-Htiiji.iBCi.KO- 

UMtCLKa. 

Ha aaaaaienoay »1s#i c-c$. BiiHeceno TaKoac KiiiiKa yisaji npofpaaOBoro xa- 
paKTepy. HaBe^eao iyT ysBaja b aeaeabnift ciipaui (flOKjia^ K. M an,i e b.h ^t a) ra 
b cnpasi ca«0CTiii booth yKpa'taa (^okjibs 0. Illy Jitr una). Oct Si 3aicT: 

,,I. I! cnpasi $e,n,opan;ii i caMOCiiMHOCTH, Ilapria nuqac 
CK.1a3.annn csoe'i nporpaaii BFixoamia a Toro noos.iy, mo ]mi'ipea.itn'm,ius i nailKopn- 
cthibihm ma yKpaiaB e cpesepaTHBHe e^Banna a Pocicw. J(Mhmi nciiiHiai oflcTa- 
BiiHii — neHTpa.iicTHiHa ta CBOBKopHCtaa nojtiTUKa pociBctKoro ypajy, cycnijikCTBa 
fi aapTLH, BopoaiicTB Sx so jrjRcuoro cjexepajmity i, napenm, oojitiacBiinMa aaautiopa 

— BMcyHyaii ise» caaoCTiiiHOCTB yKpa'iactKOI flepstaBH. PaxyKflBca a hobiimh pe- 
anuiiMii yHOBunami jkbttsi, rtaptia cori.-cpei. npn3iia.ia aepacaBHiCTi .Vk-palnu ByaecB 
lac b cHoiii nap-iaHCHTapniH i 3ara.11.ni1": iKi-iirani nJjrrpHiiyBaaa hb i;i,eio ia cnpnaaa 
KOHCOJiaanii' VKpaincLKOi ,Hep-A'aBii. 

A. 10 paaoa 3 hum napTia posyaie, mo iftea <jte,T,epajri8ay b no-iirnqHia khttio 
*ae iafte caae 3arajii,BO-CBiTone aiiaqinns, sk b coEJHJiBno-eKOHOHH'jHiM ;kiittk> con,i- 
sjium, i rosy n;i i^el aawn, sajiiBiaTiict npoBiAHnxu syKKami napiii. Hk covjisiiua 
t.i.irai: Bci T|i_v;i.siui atacii uci.oro cbitv, TaK fejiepaaiau HkniTt b cofli i^oibii loro 
BcecBiiHioro t^aanna septan, SKe ti^tKH ft MO»re fiytn sanopyKoio nporn imiepi- 
sJii3ay i Biilim IIJ,o-ao Sjiiiaaiaz irepcaeKma, paxyioiifra a peajbiiiinH oocraBirnasin 
■-KiiTia P6cil, Bapiia ;i.in ,'i.aiioro Mcucenry Has b:ik.hoiiith scsKy xoacTnaicrb ijic;ic- 
paTHBiioro 3BB3Ky 3 BejiBKopocieio. Aae paaoii 3 tub eflnanna 3 aaniHUH cycisaMH, 
hki yTBopwioTL nirni caoto ftepiicaBiiicTi, napiia BBaarae ho:khiibhj( i SajKaaa* jpa 
ifliepecis yKpaiaH." , 

,11. B 3eaejitHiu cnpasi ia yKpalni: 1. Bepiosne npaBo 
BaacHOCTH ua aeuio Bajewittt. aepaaBi. J{sa a.ei>5KaD«HX i rpoBaacmiti notpeC ,T,ep- 
ataBa Biiqyatye seavri Bia. B;iacKHKiu 3a eiinoiiiEy njiaiHio. 2. 3a- 
3Ha<iaio<iu csiij coniaJiicTii'iiiau iiea.i, mo npnnaTua BJtacaicTb sa aejwio iioanHiia 
fiyTit sroAOB CKacoBana, aun ociaTonno biiokimhtii aeiiaio 3 nitc.ia 3aco6ia eKcnaEo- 
aTani'i ™>jci.koi npan,i, a'Isj; yBa»:ae ueoflii^ima b cynacnni yMoaax rocroiapctKoro 
acunn sa J'Kpai'Hi b iBTepecai posbbikj II npoaynaifiBHr chji i iuTenesi^iKanii 
ci.iLCLKOio rocnosapciBa npoBecTH pimyny i nocJiiaoBay ae»0KpaTH3an,iK) seMJieBo.io- 
AinHa na n i j 7 1 b 1 1 npngtiEOl uacioen, nua-jcawiH naR- 
npojyKinBnimHa Tpyaose cLiicbko rocnonapcTBO. 11,8 ^eaoKiiaraaania noBBBHa ne- 
peaecTBCH na nijtciaBi apaaycoBoro BiAiOpaHHa u hbkj naaiino Bcii 
seaeat Bnme ipyAOBol HopMH i nepe^aii Ir asjioaeaejiBHosy ia 6e33eaejitHoay 
ce.iaacTBy. 

Jt-ia utoro nap-riff Haaiqae Tari nerafiHi KOHKperai aacotjii : a) \TBopeHHH 
3 3eaejB Aepacaaawx, y^ijiutni, aauacmpcBKiix, opeaaHHi, lajioKya&TypHnx i 'lacTHHH 
Kyjittypniix Taa>iacoBoro jtepataBttoro (J'oaay, 3 acoro uaaLiaiOTica Mfi.103cJie.1tHi 
i 6e33eaejii.Bi ceaane; 6) THaiacoBe SMHiueuafl BHKynjiennx 3eae.1t.nHX rocnosapcTB, 
3Ba3aHHx 3 cijibcLKO-rocnojapciiKoio DpoaacaoaiCTio i bbcoko KyjitTypnax, Ha opcn,i.- 
hhx yaosax, b pyKax cyiacmti BJiacnHKiB i Bupo6.ienna sacofiia uepe^aii Ix Tpyso- 
Boay rocnosapcray; b) pBopenua j,epxaBHo-KOonepaTHDHoI rmioreBH, Ro skoi jiepe- 
xojuiTfc, bk CyBmi GoprH Ha BHKynaeaHX 3ea.iax, iaK i BHKynni iwaTHi, 3 ao3Bo.ioa 
CBjayyaaiu yew cy*y II oKpexua xjiifiopofiaa ; r) Biama aofJi.1i3an.ia 3CMjii, oSae- 
ateaa cKLibKicTB Tpy^onol Hopmn i KOUTpo;ieio opranis aicuesoro ypajiyBaHaa ; 
X) nepeaaia 3cae.11.noI iiojithkii na aicnax, hk no HasiaenHW seajieio, Tas i no 

XpHCTHJK. Iotopia pcsoJBHif, IU.t '" 







— 140 



geiMeycTpoemiio, po3ae>KyBanHK>, opfanaji Micnesoro caMOBpsjiyBanHn, a pefyatOBatiHa 
3e«e.iBKHi BianocHH — aicn,eBiia cyaaa; e) opeH^ne aaKOHoaaBCiBO b nuax aaoes- 
neqeHnH openjiaTOpoBi upaBa BHKOpHCTanna yrBttpenax una aejiiopan,ift, cnpaseji- 
jiiiboI ope«#HoI linn ia npojioB/KeHHa peienn,iB opeHji.il; at) flaiiuiHpiua afpoHosnimia 
Honoaora eeasnMBy b poaunrKy KyjbTypn i nownpeHHa KooirepaTHBHOi caMOOptam- 
3an.i1 ceaancTna; a) j;epataBiio-rpoMaj;ci.Ka opiauiaan.ia aaaosiorn nepecc.ienumi aa 
■ead YKpalHn a yTpnaauHHii obocI afenTypn b Hicn,Hx Ko.iBouiaan.il. 

3. ii'Isjr, npH3Hae, mo ypoatafi a nociaiB, a-po6]iem% ntoro posy ceaaHa¥H, 
noBHHni RicTaTH tI, xto ti nociBii apofiiia, 3 tust, bio, ko.ib nociBH 3po6.ieno b& 
>iy,[;iH 30Mai, aa KopHCTyaaflua iieio noBunen saacHHK BposKaro BntutaTHiH opeaaay 
n,iHy, ana anocnTica b 3,ep-,Kauny cKapC>HUii,K>, hk mo II me ne nneceHo." 

B eMBosumfliB Bo.iiTiin;i a'Un eras Ha fpynr ,,Heo6xiji,HocTH Biji(>yj(OBanffn 
yKpalHCBKo! upoMHCJOBocTu npn yiacrii i sa Jionosioroio sepaaBH", 3 npHTnrHeBnns 
HO u,ie'l cupaBH „upnaaTRiii iniuinniBHiix oci6-ni;;rrpHGMn;iB ra npoMncioBais" i „npn- 
aamol TBopqo'i iniuinTiiuir' B3araii. cf'toji; aaauaqiiB neofixUnicTt Bnpo6jieHua i nepe- 
Bflflenna b »b.tth „b inn eisonoMiiiiroi i noaiTnnnoi caHocTiunocra YKpainH" aarajiB- 
noro eKOBOMHino-irposHcaoBoro i 3araatH0-aep)KaBnoro (financoBo-rocnoaapctKoro 
BjaHy jyia n,iaoI yKpalHii, 3 aaBeACHnasi njKpoBOl, Bnnaol, tmuohoboi ii iininnx 
aononojiin. 

3. Iloaaeao Tyr nonnnii ciwaji, ronosnoro Kosfreiy K.-^, IlapTiI: II, Ey- 
leHKO, T. EnroBCiKHil, A. BespaieitbKHfi, M. Bacnjiemw, A. foabfliao, JI. Ipiiropo- 
BHi-EapcLKnft, M. fiocejieBnii, C. KpynnoB, B. JleBiTCiriii, A. 3KeKy,iiH, A. Patenert- 
Kiil, C. ^pasKitiypT, B. y«anin;KiB, I. 4epnnin, C. x Ie(5aK0B, JI. loaraHCKifi, Capon 
$. DlTeBjFreas, A. HpoineBisi, B. Byojis, A. Ioaonin. JI. 3aiSneB, A. Jlypte. Jlyaa- 
qapcidS i E. IIojitopauKaa — sin Mida Kn'ina; I. BaiininTefin, JI. renniTefni, 
C. TyTEHK, r. JofipoBiincsiu, H. KipccBCKiit, C. IHiepn — bu Micra Oieea; A. An- 
n,n$epoB — mx XapbKona; M. laiiianen,Kiii — Bijr, Uepnnroea; JI,. HpoBiesni — 
bij; IlojuaBn; CuiMciracLKnn — aij, KaiepHHOoiaBa; PenHenKaHiKJi — biji, JloaLufl 
i JIorBHnoBii'! — Bia yuan!. 

4. IIpo apeniTH i.ieniB aencLKiix canoBpajtyBant niaen.!>KHHn BaacTanu TojioBa 
BceyBpaJBebKoI CbLukh iJeMCTB nucaa b rpaBHi aicaai so ninentnoro fi aecTpo- 
yropcLKoro nocniB b Kii'iBi oij.yio'je; 

n llofliI, mo Bia6yBa»Ttcfl na yKpaini, npHMymypoTt Mene 3BepnyTHCfc ao Bac, 
hko ao npe/iCTaannKa ypaay sanpnasenoi naa aeprcaBB. ysaataio neo6xi,inHK noBi- 
flOMBTn, mo BBepTawct no Bac ire (iko noaiTninaft jiiai, a hko rojosa KHiBctKoI 
fyoepHJsjii.HoI ynpaBH it oiHo^acno hko ro.ioBa ynpaBH BeeyKpaiHCBKoro 3eirci.Koro 
CoRi3a, mo ofle^nyc cofioio aci napoAni seacLKi ynpaBn na yKpaini. Jlzti Baiuoro 
Bi^oaa initiopiyio. Hapoari ytrjiaBn e incTHiyn;iBiin caMoBpanyBanna, mo xfaioTb 
npo HapoAHin npoCBiTy i uy.inypy, aonoiroraio^H Hapoa.oBi b iioro eKonoMU'imii, 
rocno^apciiKHs i npoeBiTHiri noTpe6ai. Hapojnii ynpas, sufipaniii casum Hapojioa, 
115; Bonn y^epJKytoTt coTui tiicsi'j Hapoanix njKia, cotbi npo^eciflHiir mKiji i yqii- 
1e.iEe1.Kns ceauHapiii, BejiitKe yncio mnuTa.iiB, aMSyaaTopift, oniKyKiTbca cyjuBJieto 
ui.iariB, jifiumb npo pintni noonepanii ua cc.ii, aaaojiaTi. a,0CBijt«i ci.ibCiKO-rocitoaap- 
ctKi CTaHni!, BeTepnuapui djbbib, jratOTt cboI bojhki Haiieiepni, 3aB0jtH, n.en- 
Tpa.iLiii CKjagn sun nocTaqanna Bace.ienuFO i(nn;icoK, cijiLCino-rocnoiapcbKoro ana- 
pajLHH, Mean naa eutiB i piacaui tipejiaeTiB jiOManjiitoio BiKHTKy; jaiott lopiiAnioy ji,o- 
iioaory nacejiennro — cjobom, oxonaKiioTt naao ne Bci 6okh napojintoro atHrra, iepe3 
mo iiB.iaioTbca iucTBTy^iajia jteps;aBnoro ana^'naa, fianstKaHn napojtoBi i Hapoflos 
ironasaniian. JIk ro;[OBa opfany, mfl ofajraye jtisjbnicTb hhi iHCTHTyn.iii no seiB 
yKpaini, hk iHijnaa, mo If mnpoKi (tpyra r]ioaaHHHCTBa BraanyBa,in jiosippa* i asa 
>tepe3 lie caae noBHHna nepe^ thm rpoaajxaHCTnos 6jta BijtuoBiaajitHoio, oco6jihbo 
b xoaenta bbjibkhx aaiH i icimriB b muttk) n,boro rpoaaAancTsa, a He noisy cuokiuho 
ofiannyxH thi (J"*™ 8 - aB ' * HH ' "atOTb Kicne cKpi3b no yKpaini i 10 bkux aae bix- 
nomeHHH nijueubKa BifictKOBa B.iajia, na ^ojii dkoI ctoItb Bu, Exzellenz. 

B 3Ba3sy a jiepiKaBiniJi nepeBopoioa CKpi3b na yKpaini no4a,iHca apemm 
i saanKaniia a TiopiiH 6e3 cy.iy Ta ciijicTBa piacnoro ciany rpoMaian yKpalnn. Ao 
aeue, hk ao tojiobh BceyKpaincbKoI Culikh 3eacTB, 3BepTaFoiica Ii OKpeai ocofiu 
i u.i.ii jte.Tefaui'i 3 noBiiosnennaa, mo b ojxiiiu ai»i apemroBaiio aeacbKnx MaciiBX, 
a b jipyria i.ieHiB aeaciKo'i ynpana, npn qia n s&skux BirnaxKax, as 01 b 1 k- 
nonui Ba KttlBiiuiRi, HaaiTb aane'iaTauo nojEemKanna u,ie'i iHcniTynil. }[ 3BepTas 




• 






■— m 



^-w 




— 147 — 



yxe jBary n, reT&aana Cnoponaftci>Koro Ha n,i HOAonyciHai i nefiastaHi jaa cbokoio 
Kpaio apeniTti, BKaayroiH Hcay na Beaaicy ne6e3neKy sis, thx apeamB. 

Mania: ua yeasi, mo qacto noA>SHi apemin BHKOiiywTbcH niaentKiia niiieL- 
kom, a BBu»:aio neofixiAana i Bamy, Exzellenz, yBary, SBepeyru Ha ni uptiKpi 
i xyace ue6a-*ani HBHma. JI noBHHen saaaHTH Baa, Exzellenz, 10,0 aese jyato xbh- 
jkjiotb n,i aBHm,a i 1 ic at>ty bla hhi Hinoro ao6poro He tLilkh rjh yiepa'iHH, aae 
ii una xo'i xpyjK&LOi jiepacaBn, BHrnjia npea.MaBHKKOa u.in.in Korpo'i !ia > i;paini hb- 
jiaweci Bn. H, a Korpoaai,BHHH esoro Kpaio, xotib 6h, ho6 apyatHH jtepxaBa, KOTpa 
jonoaora-ia aoeay napojoai aAificnsmi iioro BiicipaaijiaHi BeaifKiiaii stepiflaaH aau,io- 
naatHo icropHini i^eaan fl Gyjta aepinoio, m,o npH3aaJia i'KpalHCbKy HapoAHn Pec- 
nyOawty 3a eaaocTiiiny ^epxasy, — saanniaaact aa 3aBs:jn b cbUomoctr i nanam 
Hapojy. sk cnpaBAi xpystria aepwaBa; a xotib 6h, moO nam napoA 3 noAflKow 
i iipjiauaiiiraM cTaauBca ao Bauioro napoAy 3a icTopniHy npacnyiy, Binaeay ehx 
yupaifli, moo" sacnols Kyawypni SAooyTKii sainoi Aepaasir ia B3arajii no3HCKaB toh 
dpfaiiiaaniiiiiiiii AOCBia;, anna BC.iaBn.iaca na piacuitx noaax sKiirra Hiaeiiima. yjspa- 
Snt-i.icnn Hapoa, oxoie iicpeiiMe up Kpamoio u luiuiux, mac hmiiksih xsict ao KyaB- 
Typn, iipocBirit it opranisanii Ta 3,naTUiii1 b kopotkiiii qac spoCiiTn ie, so 'ioro hhuium 
Tpefla 3naiBO oiataie laey. 264 pona aocKOBCiKoro iiaHynanua He jiflii.iu b iiia ni 
HarjioaaaBHoro noiyiis, Hi 3M»raaHS a.0 cinopenna BaacHo'i nepiKaBU, hk aiodmnoi 
4>o]imh, b «Ky BH.TiiJtHct iioro Janni icTopaiHL ii HaniiMa.ibno-uojiTH'ini ijeaii, Bin 
suae fl TBepao neBHHi'i, mn yKpaiactKa HapoAHH PecnyfiaHica, sk oapeaa xepHcana, 
noBHHaa 6yrn fl no Bona 6yxe icTHyBani Ta Bio niaKa enjia na CBiii He b caai fiyae 
a,ic'i iioro neBuoera 3HHmnTH. SkuI C kojii He cy^iuioct yKpalHCtKOHy napo,i,oBi m,e 
nepexHTii, BiH see oaho cBoe npaso na canociifine js,e\>-MSiBve sttKTTn Bn6ope. 3a n,e 
roBopHTt Ta neaaicrfc, asy «n, yKpalnui, b n,iii cnpaBi BwtyBacKo. 

fl cnBiiaioct naanHM, Exzellenz, jua ioro, nio 6bh Cyan uoiHijiopiBOBaHi npo aauii 
uan6ijiLmi nan;ioHaai.Hi anaraHaa, npo Hauiy neBaicTi b niii cupaBi i H(ofl Bi^iyjiH Ty 
Bi^paay, any Ham napoa manure, ko.th cepei HBoro npoaynae ^yina, mo Ta AeparaBa, 
asa nepnioK) npn3Hajia 3a hum, npaso caMocriiiHoro jepsKaoHoro icTHyBanna i <iepe3 
He ciaaa aanpiiasiieHoio, necuoAiBano jpn utoro ctaaa nepea cboi'x afeiiTiB ■iiiisHTSi 
fioBy ie, mo uiflK He Baateibca 3 yaBOio npo jrpywuio jepatasy. A cane iJaKTaaH, 
111,11 ryiiepo'iaTi riii ynni, i nB.iaiorLca ajieuiin HiHem.KiiBu o^miepaan i caa,iaTa»H 
thi a»Aefl", aKHM BHcaoBita Hapofl. i CBoe flosippa i cbohj noinaHy. yaaicut Toro, 
mofi ABBnTHCt na BiflciKO Bamol aepataBH, m,Q ncpe6yBae Tenep na yKpaiui, hk Ha 
ipyais i DpiiisuiHiiKJB, bIh CTaHe ahbutiicb na Hioro a Be.iiiKini HeflOBippa«, ynepejr.- 
ii;ennaa i (ja'iiiTii 11 uia aace ho jipnsiTe.,,B. a aHijeft, caae 'in npoTiiaeatHiu. H ne 
syaaw, Exzellenz, m,o6 n,e tjyjio b inTepecax Bamoro BificiKa, s Joiy jrjBain, mu 
He ne b iirrepecax Baraoro Kpaio. 

BepecieflctKHM AorooopoM ycrauoB-ieHO nenni ofiosaaifK yKpa'iHctKO'i jepataBno! 
Buniw mfi-xo iiotTayafliia wifia, uaca fl tmmoro nan Banioi ACpa-:aBii. Baa nefiflo 
bUomo, bio Hauia Kpaina SAe6ijii>tiioro xjii6<ipo6ctKa i roaoBuml <jhquhk b AepacaBaia 
wunio J'Kpal'nu e eejaHHH. Orace jas toro, mo6 name eejiaHCtKe aaceaeHHa norao 
jionoMorrn AepsRannin Baajii BBKOHata cboI oGobsbkh eynpoin Bamol jepKaBa, aB.ia- 
eTtea KoneMHOKi neoOxiAaicTio, mo(5 cejiamiH nam air enoKiiiHO o6po6jibtm cbob 
nojie ra cnoKiflno air noiyBarn ce6e r])oaaAaHHHoa yK)/alactKO'i HapoAatoi Peenyfi- 
jiiikh. TaKoro saneBaeHBa BiH ne natHae, Koan na iioro otax TBopHTnayTbca 6e3- 
niACTaBHi apenna a»AeH, Koipax nam iiapoA npHaaae sa aanKpanrax 3-noaiE cefie. 

:i oowcb, Exzellenz, m,o bi'a ioro Ao6pa He GyA,e ai J'Fpaiui, in Bamifl lep- 
staBi. B Haiaia Kpaio iioiuaaeTMa aeenoKifi, eKcmeen, bkl «oarjra npnApaia neCa- 
acani {» oCox aaHpnasaoHiix cTopin ^opan. Biiiaa, onicaa pesojiRinia i Ce3 ioro 
pocrjuaaa rocnoAapcLEnii o|)fani3a Kpaiuii, a ni aoioflBi po3pyxa mowjtb m,e Gijiim 
iioro poaxaTaTii. Bicaa penoaKnii Ham napiA noqaB eparaca aa opiaaiaanim cBoro 
Baacaoro mchtth i hciitth sntlopoHut mia AepsaBii. I a ayniy CTBepAHTii, ua niacTasi 
AOCBiAy i ajHTTeBnx enocTepeacenB, m,o n,a npan,a fioio b Hanpaai Aepatannoro 6yAiB- 
HHHTBa noqaaa nyCHaxn raa6oKe KopruHH b napoAURi CBiRDafcit: noiaau a»Ae n.ia- 
thth noAaiKH, aaaproBaTH aeaaio, cibth, BiAKpHBaTii apocaiTni it enoBOMHiHi TOBapn- 
CTBa, nama 3pyfiaoBaHa npoaacaoBicTi cTa.ia BiApoaatyaaTHCB na oaaro nanioro 
Kpaio, Aaio^H aapo6iioK Beanieauifi apaiS fjeapofiiTHHX, — B3araai acan-a eiaao na- 
aaftHiyBaTHCL. I, kojih a npHraAyio icropHiai aaaiiiofil 3 icropi'i peBOJKin:iT y aamiix 
napoAia, a cxaaaiocB nepeA aoia aapoRoa 3 nomauoio sa ie, mo bih b xuiuiaHy 

10* 






poafiypxauoro acima cBoro nnaBHE inepacaEiniH posya i TBepjiy Boaro b fiya,iBniin,TBi 
csotf JlepvicaBir. Bh, Exzellenz, 3HaeTe, mo Baiaa nepstaBa aac xuttcbiiR imepec 
b lijt, mofl VKpalHa, aKO caaocTifiua jiepacaBa, icrflyBaaa i posBiiBMact. Tpefia apo- 
6bth Bee, mo6 aci yaoBHER TenepiuiHtoro ii nna cnpnaaii BuittHeHHio yxpaiun, as 
jepataBH, jpyxuboi jo Bamoi. U fioioci, mo bihhku aieaTiB bikclkobo] bjibjih na 
aicn.ax nifi cnpasi uiKojaTb i cisopioioTb aiaoc^epy, ay-aie Herapny i flyate Hesis- 
noBiflawiy KyabTHByBannio uioio coiyTia cepea; nairnix ceaaa so Banioi flepwaBa: 
i Bamoro iiapoay. JI Man onSoKe spavdnna, mo Bam napoi., hk i Hapoj.ii iitiinux 
sanpnaBHcnnx Has flepa;aB, xoTijni 6 vkhth b flpyaniix aiiocnaax a iraiiniM. Heoflna- 
pasoBi aaoBii npejcTaflanKiB Bauioro IlpaBHTCibCTBa i flefiain b napjaaeaTi nneB- 
uwKiTt sieisc b him. I)w:s, a aoro norjia.iy, bchks aaaja i bcbkhh aiem B.iajiii 110- 
Biineii imioMoraTii n,iii ciipasi, a ne uth Bcynepei (i ni b skim paji ae pofiuiif 
loro 3 noMaTity npns3ni, mofi ne ncyaam Ii). 

Bflaxyioiuci 3BepnyTn Bauiy ysary na apenmi, a xepyrocb He rLuuai thm, 
mo bobr xevopaaisyfOTi) npaBOCBiioaicTb Bamoro aapoay, ae TiatKii thm, m,o vepes- 
Hi apeuiTii xiina aenctKiit yupas TepRHXt Beaaxy roxojy, 6o rocnoflapebxiift i xyat- 
Typnuii anapai xpaliiH Re Hoxe npaanaEno (JiynKUJonyBaTn, a m$ a tub, mo aixeoLKa 
ii aacTpiiictxa B.iaja, axo Be aiiaiioai y BixjioBianiii aipi a BUHOCRBaaii xpaxi, 
lacoa poOjiaTt ii apcunn, sk MeHi yflaBaaoct BCiaHOBiiTH, nicaa Toro, ax xtocl 
iBTOBiae 'ix na n,e aerapnc fliao 3 ocofincinx uothbjb. H Bnnomy BpawiiiHa, mo tvt 

fle-Bld .IHMe 3B0flBT£ CBOl ROami'im II OCOfillCTl HaBiTb paXYKK'l 3 DpOTlIBBHKOM. 

BaepTawTLfii Tani aicue jo HiacniKux i aBCTpificbicMX oijiiinebin 3 npoxamtas apeuny, 
oijiHu.epH apeniTOByioTi., a noita BirscHfleiEca, mo apeaiToaaiio HeBUBBiix i apeuno- 
Bauo, Bor ana, 3a mo. Bysa-in sunaflxn, mo apcuiTOsyBaao »i.ieniB 3eit- 
I'l.unx yiipas no ofiBHiiyBaieaiiKi b Co.ii>uieBH3ii in^i, ak rj apeuitoBaiii Beau 
aaB3aty CopoTLfiy a doatnieBiiKajiir i CyjiH ocraanisiH npiicyftateHi fto caepTiioi 
KapR ii Ti-ibKU ly^oa si^ Heii cnacauca. TasHM Biina.nKaM Tpefia tionoiEHTit KiaeoB, 
60 noun BasocaTb ae.iiiKiiii y r ;ap npaBOCfiUoHOCTu naraoro Bapojry, tpeOa 
avRiiaRTii ii a 1; x a a a .1 i Hi a p e ui t i n 'i a e 11 i b sgbclkrx y ii p a b 
1 raacHnx a e a c £ x 11 x, 60 sis Toro Teppjiait aejRxy mxojiy 3eactKi anapani 
Ta Bee KyjibTypao-RpocBiTHe fi eKOBOBH«iae senna npHiojiHTt so pylHU. Tpefia noao- 
acnTH xiBen.£ n.aa aanmaa, fio bobh CTBOpiomib ayate nerapny aTaoc$epy cepej Ba- 
moro iia|iii,iy 1 nacTpoiQKiTb fioro npOTR niiici.xa saopaaaiieHux iiaa ^epaiaa, 3 bkiixh 
111 nOBiimii ixirrH lpya:RO u no-npiiaTC.ii.ci.Ki. 

a Ma» iBepay Ha^iio, Exzellenz, mo B 11 3 ocofijuiBOio ysaroio noeiaanTecB 
,io nbnio mm i'n '.iBepTaiiaa. a fi aoTunii, axi xepyBa.nl aaoio a n;iat paai, 6yayri 
ripnutiBTi Baasi nij ocofijiHBy yaary, mo Ba npiniaen' aipa, Bi^noBiRni flan Toro, 
mofi b niflaeranx Ban afemax Bjaa.11 ita aici;ax name aacejcnaa Oayuao jjiiciro 
npeflctaBBHKie sanpnaaaenol flepataaH. fl limy eefie Ha,iieK), mo aiH jhct 3.0 Bac, 
a bo -ittCT jijoiubh, mo BiflDOBiflae nopaaJtao nepefl acacSKiian ycTanoaaan ni.wi 
yKjialnii 3a neBRiiBBilii rocnoflapctKHii i xyabTypno-npocBiTaaii po3BHTOK yxpaiHCBKOl 
^eparaBB, nocaywRTB iob^kok ajb npnBepaeima aafly fl nopaj.xy b Haniiii Kpa'iai, 
6e3 aKHi ne aowe Bona BHKoaaTii cboIx BeaHBBX o6oBa3BiB a.o npeflCiaBaeuoI 
Baan flepsKaBii. 

3 iijiasfliiBiia noBaacaHBau TojOBa KhibcbkuT lytiepnia.ii.uoi 3exc£K0l yupanu 
Ta BceyxpaiaCbxoro Cowaa SeaciB C. Jleiaiopa." 

5. HacayxaBHiacb flaeaopanjyMiB", CKoponajctKiiB nanncaB (aa noiaixy 
annua) na iaa aiRicTpa-npe3u^eBTa JIn3ory6a B pecKpitn"-jncT, b axoay pa^,uB 
Be flyate j.ajiexo saranaTBCB b peaxniiuinix 3aio;;ax. 

r ll.iii|ifuon noaiTiiKii Bauioro xafiiBery, nncaB CKOponaa,CLKHR : 
mo nocTanoBHB co6i aeroio 3ftTBep;iacenna na yxpaiai chjlboI Bjajyi, aaxonoBipBOOTH, 
aoy.ioBaiiHa aoryrBtot aesajieaciioT yxpai'RCbxo'i flepatasii na Minimi BaHionaatno- 
^eaoKpaTHiniix ocnonax, brobbi b i j n e i j a e sola norujai i cipei- 
X i h n a m. lepea to a paxyio ocoOjiibo npneaRHH jyia aene flOBroa npnaecTH Ba* 
i bcjm nanaa ainicTpaa aoio ranfioxy noflaxy aa Te, mo b bmkji»<iho BaiKKiiii lac 
bh bci flouoaorau «eni noxaacTii noiatox aiunoay fiyiyBaHBio yxpalnctKoi ^epacasn 
i ii|io,n>a;i:yiTe uiiiii. He noKaaflaioiii pyx, flpamoBara na Ktipncrb i npon,aiTannfl 
yKpaiHciKoro aapojy. Pasoa a ina a Haxoaty HeofixijBBa oaaiTBTB, mo, ue flHBaa- 
•iiicl aa aero ns> anxatoiBO uanpyiKeuy npau,[o, a,e-ani nnTanaa RepnocTeneaHOi flep- 
iKaniio'i naaaiiEocTR ace mc noTpiCyioTi npuxjaj,enna ocoCIjihbiii sycuat 3 fioxy ypaiy. 



/ 



149 




Ilepiiins niiTaminii n n,iii o&i&cth HBiiJieTbCH ae BijnoBunaioiiiH b ae-aimx bh- 
naajtax nij6op ocid, npu3na>ici[ux na nocaa,a no niuicTcpcTBy BiryTpiuiBix capap, 
He^ocTaiHicTt aroflii, a iBoxj Hasitt npoTnaopeiBBicTb Ix BiaHniB ua aicn.ax 3 tat 
aipaaa i ui.issm neiiTpa,ibfioro ypniy. He aoaiy nocTaBUTii n.boro u nuay ainictep- 
CTBy, Co Bnoani po3ya!jo, hk naacKO apofinTH nianoBUBHH niflfiop ocifi npn cyiacuax 
yaosax. Aje a naaaw n,boay nmaHUto ocoGubbo Baaumue auaiiiiHO. Heo6ii,i.an 
■arji Ba licni Jiiojieu Tsepjax i piuiyiux, a^e ctLilkh h; ncooxijao, moO juoae nj 
npan,K>BaaH BnoBiii BijiaoBuao 3,0 syxy i naiipaHKy n;ep:fiaBHoi. npofpaau. 

JJpynia nHTaBUaa HB.iacTi.ca Te, mo ocHosa HaaiieHof anoro arpapaoi pe$opau 
jo n,i>oro lacy aafis;e aeaiaoaa b bui])Okhi Kpyrax iiaceiieHua, Tuireytrrbca niiuu 
HenpaEji.iLHo, ^ms yiBopraeTtca jyate ciipiiflT.iiiBiiii rpyar jlm caaol sjiOHasipenoJ 
afiiani'i. 

Tpetix nmaiiiina sBJifleTKS opfauisaHJa iipoi080.ii.ioi cnpasn i CopoTtSa 
3 cacayaBuieio. B Hboay Bi,i.BOiaeflHio jwcaniCHi ypaaoB aa simyBBii aicaa.i pe;jy.ii- 
Tam Be Moatua npiniiaTB aochti aajiOBonbHflioiHMH. Mist thb neaaj b u,iii oijjiacni 
BiiKJUKae cii.iiiie ]ic3a^oBo.iennn i fipoareaaa ccpe;i aacu nace.ieHiia. 

BpCBiTi, caana cep8o3BBM iiHTaaBHX SB.iaeTi.CH Bij,cyiHicTt no m.oro iacy 
na.ieanioro ocnii,ojijieHHfl mupoRiix Mac iiace.ienna 3 jtia.iLBicTKi ypa.iy, 3 iioro n,i.ia»n 
i CTpea-iinnaan. it cpafly Ba n,e Bee, DiiOii,OTBopHa HanpaBiieHa Ba ftoopodyi yKpa'iH- 
ciKoro aapo.iv ftia.iLiicTt, ana apoiiHaTa CTpes-iiunaa nf> 36yji.jBaBHH casocTiiinoY 
He3aaejKiio1 yKpaTaa, aoctacTtca HeBW>«oio se tijibkh aaci cejiaocTBa, aire naiiiit 
MiiictKoMy Haccieaaio. Majio loro, na n.boay fpyHTi miniiKan aaaeitia i He 3ycrpi- 
¥ajo>ca HOBiiHfloro Biflnopy afiTauja npoTH Huai icTuyioioro ypajy . . . 

fl nepeKonamtu b ioay, mo yna3aai muoki ninaiiua CyiiyTb 6\aii3iK0 npnannri 
SO cepn.a Uaati i nauaaa aiuiCTpajiu, hk bouu fiy^B npHiiairri Hnoro." 

reTtaaBcwti ainiCTpii siiicBO npHiinn.iii bci 3a3Baicai b ^pecKprniTi 11 cnpaaH 
m 6jh31ko jo cepaa" i 3pofin.n1 see 0,1; bhx 3a.ie»:ne n<m „ua.iea;flOro ocBi^oaaenaa 
mnpoKiix iiac uace.raina" npo $aKTi!HHy, a bc nucany npoipasiy roTiaanCLKoro ypajiy. 

6. „Po6iiBBia I'lseta" (1, 353, bjj 23. cepnirs 1918.) nnca.ia 3 npn- 
Bosy HaB.iiiBy B $aioBn.iB a 3 Pocli (b cTani : „HaiuecTBic i a n j e m e u n 11 k i b u ) 
Ta opo Iibk> poGoTy Ba yKpalai : 

„flK re BopoHBs afiipaeTtca 11a aepTBemiHy, 3 ycix pociilciKiix ueHTpiB, 
3 KoaiiuiiiBoro ^p^icry aa nporaai nijrui Micnuia TarnyTMa aa yKpaiay no nimini 
i ni.iiijiii Be.iHKBSH rpyraan .pyccnie'. Kcihuiei o^H^epH, oacraBHi Bojimrnii 
jt,I h 'i i , mo 6e3 copoay i 6C3 ""« Knay-TH poCoiy y cefie aa fiaTtKiBinHiii, upo^axsii 
i neapoxaatai faseTHHKH, Kojiiimm nouinuiKH, kojiiibIhi ypasonui, cneKy^flHta, paa- 
Ttcpii, myacpH i Kapai ajioiumii — bch u,a apaia .pyccKBi' Ko.nsuiffix .HoaeK cyae 
i cyne na J'Kpaiay fies KiaiiB. Cyue b TaKiii kLilkoith i nonoaaTBca na yKpalai 
tbk, mo noHB.ieHffa i BepefiyBanHH 11 Tyi naOipae lapaarepy rpoaaj,ctKoro ania . . . 
KoJBBiHi o$]in;epii BBajKaKiTfi cboIm npanoa opfani30BVBaTn y Hac cboi s°fipOB03b- 
lecLKi apuil jjih sxiflcuoBBH cdoix 3aBiam., >iy;Kin i jajieitHi nannia iHrepecaa. 
KoauniBi ypnaoBui, nepeitHBTi JHTepecaan .siiaofi ncaejiiaoii' Pocii .ii»iaTB cefie 
b npai)i aoaaramcB nocaj b flaraoay ypajii, aafiaaw is, iipoBajurb ua hbi pofioiy, 
BoposKy Haaiiii nepacaBi i aamoay Hapo^oBi. ^facfMiit noiiimm aiaii, HpalsiKaioHH 
aa y«palHy, po3noiBaaiOTL Tyr cbokj pofiory, pofi.iaia aamy jiepacaBy neBTpox cboI'i 
Bo.iiTH'iiuii KoafiiBan.ifi, iianpaB.iGniu ua Bi^yjoBaBHH eflaaol Pocii. PociiictKi 
fascTMHKE o^paay niaia npulsij nponoHyreTi cbo'1 iiepa 3, noc.TjT Beta th», mo 
i&Hyrt, npora yKpaiacbKoro aaposy S yupainctKol nan.ii . . . 111,0 saai, to see 6lai.uie 
rjoaa^acico an (yKpainai) b CTauoBiimo npornofiaenol naaii, mo ja.ii, to nee aeame 
npocsiiKy jijimacTica nis acix n.ni ,])yccKBi', mo ace 3Gijn.a1yfOTi.CH b tucji i ace 
HtaaBime npoBa,iaTt cboki aHTajepacaBHy i aBTHHan,ioflajrbHy pofioTy" . . . 

B Tin ae „Pofi. PaseTi" (<r. 369, 17. 6epe3as 1918.) B. B n h nn % e h k 
iracaB (b CTarri „Paao 3 t a a 10 b a tii c 1") : „3 KO*nua ttaca pocTe ao bbc 
aiofioB .no'inx bh.ibx OpaTiB — pycbKni. ria-iK-a, aenepeaoataa, HaiaBBiaSaa oik>6ob. 
Hi.ii noTOKH fiparia pycbKar, Cpaiia aaaopociB, fipaTiB niApoS.ieHHX, cijiaiiLnioBanHx 
yKpa'iHU,iB auHyjiB Ha aamy seaaio. reaopoiAajibHi, SHnpofioaani, naTeHTOBaai siiaBrti 
nojiincj u icbEo-3Kauj.apactKoro peataay ; aaopaKOBaHi Kansi'SiTH B iiapciKi aiaicipH ; 
aejopo3CTpi.icBi h6jio6htkh ianepaTopciKoro jeopy ; aawypeui, Biicxai oj, ivi •«, 
b TopfiocxojKHau ^epeBaaw KoaHmni !tojiia,«eHcTepH,. fyfiepaaTopH, ceaaTopa; tobu 






nyG.iin.HCTM bchkux penTiaift ; noeni 3 hohokibbh, 3 nnuiaTBHKoio ; oacTaarri aiaepH 
piiKHBJ B03,T,Hxaromux aa peaKtuam napiiii ; -xti&Bi cneayaaHTU a aKyjijmiim namajtH. 
Sk BKexji 3 roaojy, .iroii, ceityqi Caomani, cynynH fi oficunaaH nac n,i un6opHi, 
KBaju$ixoBaHi esseitiiJiapH Haftiopiiimoi peaKn.it. Own, caaeao MHMKaroiii roaoji,- 
nann, cJiiiHaBiiKH chh'ibh ryfiami, o6ci.in mejipo posK-iafleHi nepej dhbh Ka3enui 
nnpora il jBBKaioTfc Ix t Taaiis paiicnaa rap<taHHa«, mo Mopoa ip;e no Bcifi yKpaini. 
flpyri, po3CTaBHBinH atcy-iaii nauu, Becejio mipa'iHRtiiii Haia6ni o<n, csaiao OHTaKut 
jiypuy yapalHCbKy puSuy, nejtBKy & lajieHtKy. Tpeii, nafipaBnmci cum, uiaJKHBiiB- 
niu ueiOKpOBBi Horn, npoacorost ninanopaib DO Bcil saityTKai, BHinoiyjoTb peBoaronjio 
ia yupaiHctKy CBiAOBicu., ranaioit ix, raeaaroTb, rpaayib. l IeTsepTi, oCcnyBaBota 
no Teaanx, jiki^hhi nyTQiitax lenypaeHLfd pej,aKn.iflni nttByTiinna, thio, noeaiKHO 
aoB.iBTt yEpaincBKiix synioK. A Jii^epn napiiii Tiumacoa uiiaKut no iipuuoBaux, 
qcpea 3aiHt xoj,h 3aBaayioTb By,uniKH, nporaryioTb hhtoikh, «OTyas, niBopKH, ofiiuiy- 
Tyion., 3auuBan>iL klikb — ciobos acsaao, 3aa.ionoTano, 3 neee.TOW aaj,ie» n cepui 
podanTt ni^roiOBiy p o 6 t y" . . . 

7. Hoaaemo Tyi ae-airi BiflOMOCTH npo iBTcpecmnu nonenTH b neperoBopax 
CosiicBKoT Pocii 3 reTBHaactKni ypajoir. 

MapoBa pocificbKO-yKpalacbKa KOn$epeHn,ia pocnoiaaaca 23. aaa b Kn'isi 
(b oyjumay llempajiLHol Pajxa), npa ..ypo'iHCTiii" o<5cTaroBH,i, a caire — y booth 6»jii 
Gyjumay, se aadaaaa KOH$epeBit,ia, iorocb 6yao nocTaBJieno na noroTOBi ffBa ca«o- 
cTpi.iii nij 3apajoM o$an;epa. 3 yupalncLKoro 6oKy 6ymi npHcyrai b inc.ii Hnuinx 
ro.!OBa jTipaincEuoi MapoBoi jejeianii C. IHeayxnH i acpywHufi HiaiciepcTBOM sa- 
KopjtonnHX cnpas ^J.. Ji, p ai e n k 0, 3 6okj CodItclkoI Pocil — roaoaa pocificLKOi 
MHpoBoi jejcfartii X. P a k b c l k 11 i"s, ,'(,. 3. M a n y 'i .1 1 c b k h tt u iimai, Ilepe- 
BtpHBuiB ynoBBOBasseBaa CobjtcbkoI PociactEoI ,Hemian,ii, C. ffleayxan ananas Ix 
noaa.(OBO.TLnflKiiuMii KipnjHiHHM BUMoraa, 3 or.iaay aa Te, no b ynoBiroBaxemiai 
X. PaaoBCLKoro i Maay'iaLctKoro ze Oy.io CKa3ano, s-ts nea.einin akiix cane nepe* 
roBopiB i 3ai:.iKneni!a aisnx AoroBopiB l'x ynoiinoBaiKeno, a TaaoiK i vepca Te, nto 
Aaa C. lllo.'iyxiina Oyjio nencao, „aai ^epasaaa Biosart b canaj, 4>eiepaTasHo'i CoBii- 
CEKoi PocnyOiTHKH", i b 3BaiKy 3 n,m, bi^. iioim aaax napo^ia CyBraoI PocjScbkoI 
lanepii sncTynae pociucLaa jejictaaia. X. PaKOBCiKini nonpoxas C. llle-iyxnaa 
:iijin]iji VJiynuTii CBOi /loaaranjia na nactai, i ua itLOBy nepuie aaci^anun dy.io na'iil- 
lieno. J(,pyre aaci^aima Bijily.iocL 24. aaa. Ha aiicany aaaBy C. Illejiyxuna ciuiaB 
X. PaKOBCbKuii nncany m Buniiiii^t, is aaiii aaaaa'ciiu, mu aeperOBopn Mia; Codit- 
cjiKoio Pocieio S yspalaoio uepeAfiaieiii b ct. BnpoBoro ^orOBopy aia; Hiaei'iunoio 
i Pocieio i mo npo xapamep d,hx neperoBopis CBi^'iart nonepe^m AuajLoaaTinjai 
neporoBopii i KOKyueiiTH b n,iii cnpaai : ot;ko a Hhoro Bcioro hcho, mo ciipana iije 
npo aapoai neperoBopi: i 3aK.iK)'i(,uua KHpy ; mo '& TOpaacTLca nuraHiiH npo od.iacTU, 
aai Bio^nib b CKJia^ $e,nepaTiiBHOl CoBiTCiaoi Pocil, to n;e — cnpana EnyipuH- 
BBOro ycipow Pocil, bkb BuCTynaJia Bate i Biiciynae n iMfiin scii iiajio^in, asi 
n iJiaKTOB iiporojioiucmia i iiAiiiriiciina cositCBKOi 11:1 a;ia BBcau na;i; a vkiitth npiiHuiir 
casooauaMDiiiia", aajiimaKi'nict a Beaiax CoaiiCLKoI Pocii ; „npo lopnwiBy npupo^y 
CosiTCtKOi Pocil, roaopHB PaaoBCiKHii : Tenep ne MO«e fiyin pi-ai, 60 Bona Mae aa 
C06010 MiaiBapoflne ieiayBaniia i Bate apnaaaaa uuuibmh r noroBopaiii. y nac noaa 
coKiaa j,epa;aB, a coioa coBiris, cokw OKpCMiix aBTonownni cosiriB i casoynpaB, mo 
ofieanannca b 3arajrBHy ^e^epanjio.'' IHcin n;ioro noiajraca 3aTfl»!ni sacKyci'i ua 
nopynieni TOMn, ni^qac hkhx X. PaKOBctKiifi BHKJiajaB Teopiio npaBao-ae])ataBHo'i 
KoacT]3yKn,iI CoBiTciKO'J PecnyO.iuKH. C. IIIe.Tyxua aaataaaa, aOn 6y.no na aiictai 
BuaoHceao, aa posyjiiu pociaCBKa flejefan;ia Kipuaiway apapo^y <6e^epaTnBHoi CosiT- 
cbKOi Pocii. 

25. Tpanna X. PaaoBCBKnii nojaB ua nuchal iCKjapauiio npo KipaaanHy 
ii[isipo3y PociflctKot ConiaaiCTmHoI $ejiepaTBBaoi CobitcbkoI PecnyfijiHKn, b aaifl 
roBopHJioct : „Pociiici.Ka CouinaicTiiinia 4>e.n,epaTnBna PecnyflaaKa « eaimoio JiepsKaBOK, 
mo BKaRjiae b cefie Tepaiopil scix cosiTis poCiTBaaiB i cejian. MicrteBi, nosiioBi, 
fyfiepnciKi Ta apaaBi cobith e Eesajie%HiiiiH b oCaacTii BHyTpimnioro ypajyBaHna 
fl y Bcix cnpaaax, Kotpi cTOcyKTica no Bcieil ijieaepan.il b H d,uioctu. Bia;aocHO 
iimnux ^epxaB PocificBKa iejieparHBHa CosiTCbKa PecnyfljiHKa penpeaenTymtca 
CBoeio n.enTpa.UiiTORi aaacTio, KOTpa eaaua npaaoca.ibna bxo^iitii b oi1onH3uoBi sU- 
hociihii MbmapoAinoro xapaKiepy mo-;to TepaTopiaaBBux, cKouosiiaiinx i imiiiiix 






- 151 - 



iitrepecia yciel $eftepan,i'i Taitaa ihhos, npea^teTOa aiiKnapoj;Hboro upaua e Conja- 
.licTuiHa $Dj[epatuBHa CoBiTCbaa P8cny6imna a ii,uocth." 

Uicaa noiaauca aeperosopn npo yaoBH nepeanpps (Bkxoa; conircbKoro aincbsta 
3a a,eaapKau,iLiuy Jiinifo, Biabaifii uaia^, yapaiHCbKHx rpoaajian 3 Poeil 11a i'spainy, 
noBepiieima yapaini sajonjiesux biuclkos Pocii Ha yapa'iai naponoaia i naroaiB, 
nctauoBiieraia ajaeaaoro npe;;CTaBuBU,TBa aaa oOopoau iurepecis rpoaa^aa), npu 
asux buhukjtu rocTpi cynepeiKH a upaBo^y BB3aaieHna a,enapKan,iHHol „iini. BU- 
KBj,aHi«iu aoaaraHaa C. mejiyxiwa iiepeABauyTH flcaapKaHjuay Jiinijo jia-ai aa iiisaiq 
bis aiaii ^aKTHtaoro pocnoaoateHBH sificiKa, X. PaBOBCiKufi aanBuB, no CoBirctKa 
Pock Bt3iMe Hia; yBary npu BHSHaienuio x^shhui. nci a,t>Ka3a ynpainci>KOi a.eat!fan,i'i 
mo-fto n>oro, „kojih bohb CyAyit rpyKTyBamca Ha cnpaB^i aeaOKpaTHiuia BaaBaeaaio 
BOjii jki^hocth." ,,Koaa na TaKax nia,CTaHax yea juaa^iicTb, noqunawaa m% Baaa,a- 
aociOKa i aiEvaJoau 3axia,HuaH HeataaH, BaasuTb, mo aoua xo'ie apajyiHTiica a,o 
yKpaiaii, mu He Oyfteao utoay itpoTHBHWicb." Miac bbhihm, PaKoacbKaa bbcjiobhbch 
npOTii yiaciH HiMn;iB b aoaicil, sua aajia po3raaa,aTH cupaay BCTaHOBaeaaa aeaap- 
KanjiiHOl .iiat'1. 

3acia,aHJia KoH$epenn,ii Bk,aonnjiacb aitvia moro liabKH 31. Tpaana yepes 
ie, m, KOiicia bo BCTaaoB.icaaro aeaapKanimio'i ami He aoivia iipaiini a,o ar.j.in. 
Ha sacuaBBiD bhob imiiiiii-io miTaaan npo yiioBiioisasKeuua pocifictttoi Ae.ntfaui'i. 
C. Meayxiia 3airpouoHyaaB a,o aiajiiicaHHa upotKT upoTOKOJiy b n,itt cirpaBi, b asosy 
fiyao CKassaao, abb- nninua, mo neperoaopa Beftyn.ca mx „caaocriiiflH*B, hi Bis 
koto Heaa.iesKaiiaa ftepacaBanit" — yxpaliioio i Pocieio. X, PaaoBCbKUfi 3auponoayBaB 
jiuaiy pesaKn,lio npoToaoay, ana no^HHaaaci. si BKasiBKE Ha re, mo CoaiTcbaa Pocia 
e 3o0oBa3aBa x«> aaaaKmeHaa aapy 3 J'Kpalnoio no CBoeiiy GepecieScbKOay ^orosopy 
3 HeHTpajitHHifH JepataBatta, i b aiciii aiioro He rOBopaaocb npo caaocrifiaicTb 
FKpalSK. B noacaeaaa X. PaKOBCbuafi floras, mo uHTaaaji npo caaocTiHaicrb J r Kpa5uH 
iiOTpioyc me BHpiiBeuHa, 60 „hbo canocTiiiBa aep^aaa, yKpalaa j,oci b HiatHaposaix 
BijtHOCHHax se Mae mo iipHMaima." Ha ne C. JIle.iyxan saaEua, mo yspalna ae 
noTpioyc npHairaHHa CBoel caaociiHaocTu 3 Sony Pocif, ,,60 yKpalHciKa jl,epa:aBa 
e caaocTiiiHa i ue3aaeiKHa". B cnpaBi aeaapKaniiiaoi aiui'i 3non ae Oyjio jiocaruyio 
3roan i nepe,i,ai[0 '11 ^o Koaici'i, Tas caao bk i cnpaBy 2 BHpofijeHHaa rCKeiy npo- 
TOKO.:iy apo BaaeuiQ BB3Hati[rn ynOBBOBaxeab Ae.iti'iiuiu. 

2. qepBiia Cyao iriaiiucauo (Ha jifiox aosai — pociiicbieifi a yKpaincbKil) 
npoTOKoa npo ofiniu seaeJau,iii ipaaoTaair, Bupdo.ieauii pocisebsofo ;iejc(au;iei0, 
b aKoay roBopHaoci, ok ioro xotjb C. l!Ic;i)Tii!i[, npo caaoc.TiilaicTii yRpaTaCbKOl 
i pocificbKoi AepJKan. 12. lepaaa Bi^dy.iocH saupiiTc lacuanna aiipoBO'i i;un([>epcBn,iI, 
aa aKoay ooionopHina.iiiei. yaniJii iipe.iiaiiiapiKiio uspy i Ovjio iiUiiacauo TeKCi 
TiiaMiiconoro aupy. 3ruHO n;boay TeKCTy, npunHKajata 6oeBa aKius na (jiponTi, 
BCTaaoB.iaaueb upanu-ia slabHoro nepel34y yKpalaniB 3 MocKOBmaiiH na >"KpaiHy 
i MocKajtiB 3 yKpama na MoeBonmHuy, oohsbi AepiKaBH oSonasynajiBca ..npnnejuiyTH 
B3a«MHe KopacTyBaana i oOain 3a.'iiauin!HM pyxoaaa cKJiaAoa" i aasoj,ii.T]tcb nsaeMHo 
Komicapa 1a aoncyau. 14. lepana dyjio iipaeTyn.ieHo pp po3r.iaueHaa cnpaBa vapo- 
Boro ^oroBopy i nepea, ycia BCTaaoBJieuna Kop^onia. yjKCKycia b enpaai aeiK Ha- 
Gpaja rociporo xapaKTcpy. JlIe.iyxnH nij,nic no! u,ia roaosao npHHiun eiHoi'pa^iiq- 
hhii, ^o^aBniH a,o ntoro mo npaaninu eiEOaoan<iauu, feofpa^aiaHH, no.iiiii'inuCi i Tex- 
HHiauu. PaKoucbKHii aaKnays, mo noaia: HaaBanaMH apiiHuinaJin neaae Hpuan,ina 
npo caaooaaaucHaa napoaia, aaioaiciib e daraubKO unaiux, aijKoa jipyropa.T.HUx, 
«ki ne aoBHHHi BiftorpasaTM pioiaioioro saaaiaan. ,,HexaB nace-ienua rojiocye", 
CRasaH PakoacbKHH. y Bij,noBifl,b aa n;e C. Hlejiyxiiu caaaas, mo ne npo ace 
ao;Kaa niiTaiu ajaKy uapo^a, nepeflyaaioioro b TeMHOTi. dopouu ue npniiiuja ^o 
nopoayaiuua, 22. 'lepsfla AHcaycil upoj;oBWuauci ^^Jii- C. IlIeayxuH bkamb, mo 
b npa^poHTOBHx uoBiiax (crapoaj'ecbKiM, arjaacbKia, rjyxiBCbKia, cypa3bKiM, aapa- 
leiBCbKiM ra niiaiHx) floabaieBHKH „caaoio npuaymyioTi iWflnicTt poflaiu uociaaoBii 
npo Ca-.Kaaiin npn.iyiHTUca j,o MocKOBmaaa"; yepes us Tpefla b Koatcii mBnate 
nu3jia'iaiH sopaoaa, a ho aaTaryBaTa cnpaBy 6o.ibuieBHn,bKH»H „njie6kn.iTaaa"; nepes 
n,e caae no^ani 3 thx jtica,eBocTeii nparraopa rpoaa^ npo njiacAHaHiia «o Mockob- 
mnaH He aoatyib aaxn acajaoro ana^taaa. X. PaKOBCbKafl oocToiOBan aepeBeaeEHa 
Ha«(5ic^iiy, 3a'iiiTa» niway npuroBopis cLibCbKHX rpoaaa a npu^poiiTOBax MicaeBocTeu 
i aacT a ceaa Ba s any Tiaaa, CKBiipcbBOro noBiiy aa KniBwiiai, B nsoay 
ceaaae cKapmnaacb ua reTiaancbKun peataa i aaaBiaaa npo CBoa 6aa;aHan na.iewarn 






so CoBiMbKoi Poeil. B pe3yatTaTi RHCKvci'i oyjio yxnajieHO sanponoHoaaay X. Pa- 
KOBCiKiis i sunpaB/ioHy C. BlejiyxHEHB Tasy peaoaiOBix) b cnpaoi ochouiihx aacas 
npa BH3na«ieHHK) nesic : „BcpyiH aa ysary, mo, sk yupaiHctKa, TaK i aocKOBcbKa, 
uiipoBi jieie(aD,ii e oamkobo toy gyiiKB., no TpeCa BupiniHTU cnipHi nuTaHHB, stri 
»oa;yTt DitmtKiiyTU Mia; sepacaBaaH nicia 3pooaeHaa aiipy, nnrnxoa aiaiaapOABboro 
cysy, npo KOTpaa 6yAe oiqieaiifi posjjji d BapoBoay saroBopi, Ta m,o »ap, hkhh 

poOHTtCK MIVK yitpaiEOM i MoCBOBin,!IHOiO, D0BHH6H fpyHTyBaTHCa Ha BinjIHI ]SfilS(i- 

K)>aTii , iHiii ocHouai, iiui b caaia sapoA^y ycyBaTiiayTb aoaaaai b 6yAyinui npuiuiiii 
zenopoayiinb, i mo BiisjuaueHHn kopaohIb e nepeAyaoBOio He Ti.ibKH Tenepiiuaix, ajie 
)1 aafiOyTaix BnacMHiix biabocbb aiw oOoaa flepiKaBaBM, oCaAsi jeaefaitii' roAaTtca 
BiflKHByTii npji BH3HaqeHui KopAoais ycsKy Ayacy npo 3axBata u HacajbCTBa. l Iepe3 
Te oOHftBi jeaeiaD;ii, 3aaa.TaioiH, mo (Jyaj'Tt apa BH3Ha^eafli uopAomB paxysaTMca 
b OAHaKOBift aipi 3 nojiTuiHitan ft hehihbh mTepecajm aapoAJB b i'x ni.Tocru, Ta 
ocHOByKiincfl aa eTHOfpaifriraHiM npiiHuini, bhxoahiu 3 atoro, roAflitcn BH3na'iuni 
AepataBuy aciEy aispoBHB Aorosopoa, npa ^ia b OKpeaax, BH3HaHeaax b iia AoroBopi 
caipaux Bicn,eBocTsx i b 3a3Ha^emB b tjm caaJM Aoroaopi peiiuni oOhsbi CToposH 
roAHTtca yatHTH 3opJaHi30BaHoro a bijilboio aepeamy iikiahocth am BCTaHOBJieaas 
ocTaToiflHi KopAosiB b nnx nicn,eBocTfli. IlepenHT nostiHen po6aTiica mn aoimhaqh 
cnuitmix BocKOBctKo-yKpalHCbKHi uosicift nican paTH<t>iKan,iI Aorosopy Ta npii jbobI 
3Bi.ibB.eHH3 cnipHHi Bicn,e80CTeii bIa BiiicbKa, an 3 OAHoro, iftK i 3 Apyroro OoKy", 

OAHaie upHMHawnii a,id cuiibHoJ ..^opayjiH nepexoAy" nmaHHa npo Bend 
ae nocyayaoct Bnepei. IleperoBopH 3iuraj)H ua nepTBy winy. HpH.iJOAiii savanna 
BaBiKO 30BCJB iipHniiiiHJiiiCE. GosiTCLKa Aeaefanis, BexTywm eTH0ipa$H4HHB npHH- 
ninoa, 3aasjia.ia npeieH3i'i Ha eraofpaijiHiHO yKpaiB.ci.iu aicneBocia, hk ot ^acTnna 
XapbKinmuuii Ta KaTP.piiHoc.'iaiiiiuiHii, He KaiKym biko npo ri, nxo Jieaiau Ha niiiuii 
i ciia bia hhi. yKpaliiciKa Aejiefania TaKoat Bnep.iacb i cKicioioBaia koskhb yKpalH- 
ctKe cejio B npH^poHTOBifi norjjBHHiHiH CByai, 30BciB He BnaB.'ia«"iH to"! ycTynuw- 
bocth, aKy rorbMaflCbKHii ypaA BiiaBJias y uiAiioiueHHK) jsp JI,OHCbKoro BiilciiKa. Ha 
OAHoay 3 ocTanHii aaciAaab (b noiaTKy HaAOJiHCTaJ yKpaiHCbBa AeJiefania aanpo- 
noHyaajia iiposecTK noaiiu^Hy yKpaiHCbKO-pociBctKy rpaaumo, noyaaaioiH bia Bh- 
roaiBCbKoro 03epa, b TaKia Hanpaai : a aexax MiHCbKo'i fyfiepHii — piuoio 111 a pa, 
Aajibme Ha JlreSameBO, KpyroauMi, JIoKTaaii, ^ene-ii, IIorocT, na ypiie, Ilacina, 
GxymiK, BopoBy, HoBy den ; a Mewtai MormiBCbKO'i tyfiepail : ,11, h i n p a, 
4 BepciBH BHm,e StaooHHa, AMbBie aa Pauun, IIIeiiefOBH«ii, piKOK) Coae» ao pisa 
BeciAH. Aa- 116 ™ 6 Ha CsarcbKe ; 3biach aAniHie:rpaTHBHO» rpananeio MepaariactKOl 
ryfiepaii a° Kpacnoro Pora, Aa-nime Ha Ceaen;b TpyC<ieBCbKuii, ptKOW Hepyc, piuoio 
CiBore ao pi™ Tapa Ha AHeuiKOBH'ii — Opia ; ami b aestax KypcbKOi fyfiepnii 
Ha exi,i aa Aboh, CajipaBtBKy, p. CBany, AMBuie Cflauoio u Ceiiaou ao r.'iyiiiKona, 
Ha I'yBAHHO, JTyittHHiBKy, CrapHfi OcKoa i JleTponaB.ioBCbKe (OfiyxiBKa) ; a aeacax 
BopoaiaccbKoi fyfiepHii — na IIIeTajiiBKy, PiniBKy, Koji6bho so X°^y noBepx Kopo- 
TOiKy, Aaai JtoHoa na JUckh MacTiBay, HOTia na IlIecTaKOBO, Hmjk-hki Khoiio, K03- 
aiBKy, ByTypaHniBKy, Baca-iiBKy (BoAaae), Banny i ao ciiAHboI rpflnnn.i BopoHi*- 
CbKoi lydopiii'i. Bbiach Ha niiucKt .iia.ia iith B3Ke rpauun,fl 3 Bcctie.iiiitiiji BiiicbKuH 
JIoiiCbKllx. PociHciKa Jl&.w,ia.n,ia ae noroAii.'iaci, aa n.i rpainmi i B 3BB3Ky 3 3ara.11.- 
hojo HiacHapoAHboK CHTyan.ieio aOBcin nepepBajia neperoaopa 3 retbaaucbKHB ypiuioa. 

8. Ao iCTopil B3ae»ouiAHOCHH nix rerLBaitcbKiiM ypaAoa i yKpa'iactKoio X.ni- 
CopoSciKO-JteBOKpaTaqaOTo llapiieio noAaaao TyT raiti AOAaTKOBi bjaomocth. IIobitobhiI 
s'(3a napTil b JIy6HaK 9. <tepBaa 918, AopyiHB fenepaabaiii ynpaBi naptil 3Bept!ytH 
yBary reThBanctKoro npaBiiTeibCTaa aa tb, n;o noniTHKa Boro cytiepeynib jiyaKut, 
Bnc.ipii.iemis kiiiuclkhb 3''i'3aob napTil a KBinii i yiBajieHHB reTbaamis b fioro aacrf 
AO a'laAy- 3']'3A bhhic Taxi yxaajia -yaara: „1. daKOH npo A03flia KyuyBaTH 
i iipOAaBaTii 3eB.iio He sawepiraa apotH seaeabHOt cneKyaanj'l. 2. Ha ypaAosi no- 
caAH b AeparaBHi iacTHTyaii BOKJiHKaBOiiKiAeil, lyacax yitpaiHctKoay HapoAOBi ao- 
bupo, aanioHa-'ibHiciKi, rpoaaACtKHaa i no.iiTnmiHan TeHAeHijiaBH. '6. BopoTbda 
a aaOinHCTBoa aa aicnjix aeASTbca H63aK0H0)iipHo i Oe3 aBropaieTHoro EepoBHHHTna 
3 iteBTpy. 4. HeooxiAHi noBiAOJUieHHa npo aaiifiyTHJo aeaejitay pe^opay, afia -6iA- 
Hime ceJiaKCTBO iiawcKopine ynenmuioca 11 TOay, no miAii Boro n^^paaie khttx 
BAificHBTbca. B. Heo6xiAao, a6a ao Koaiciti, ai;i BHpo6.iaiOTb npotKTu seaeabaoro 
3aKoay i pe^opaa aicneaoro caBOBpaAyBaana, Cyjio noKaHKaao npeACTaDMiciB 
yKpa'iHCLKBx napTia. Koaa itoaicii n,i 3ociaayibca a coaAi, apiwHaienoay Bute mi- 



i 




__ 






— 153 — 



DiciepciBOM, 3 caHHi npHsiuiMHKiB „CTaporo peiKHMy" Ta jirejieB, Hyatnx yicpalttcLKoiiy 
HapoflOEi, to cnpasa HafiBaatHim,HX pe^topM 6yje nonooBasa. 6. 3'Iaa 3Bepiae yaary 
aa T8, djo cc])eftai hikojih i e n.i« poa,i ae yupaiHisyioTtccfl, a >rep63 ne jureB 
s yKpalnctKHi noiaTKOBin uikLi ho fiaiiaaii': ne npinlsaiuTj,. Hum poOMbca bc.iiiki 
uepeiuKoja miSopoCai u naBiaHHi Is juieti." 

B jkobtfu nicHni 1.918. napTis, bk xh B3ne ara^yaa-iH, aufiyaa csifi II Bee- 
yKpalKCLKiifi 31sa. MiHicip BHyTjiiuiHis cnpaB PcIhOoi cnoiaTity 6yB 8aCopoHoB 
3'Iaa. Ta nSJiiOopofia" 3 d;hh ne iiphbhphjihcb. Ca«e ni* toB qac BijifiyBaBca 
b KhIbi BceyKpainciKKfi a'i'sj. „Coio3a Bene:iianx BjiacHHaiB" (noMimnH,bKuB), aa koi- 
pojny Biicrynaii 11 y p a hi k e b i! q a npOMOBoio npoin cyBepenHoT ynpalHci.KOi Aep- 
ataBir, npoTH BJia^a reTtiana 3a «A Ha y HenoflLntHy HOHapxHiay Pociw npa apyjKHax 
onicCKax 3"i3jxy. 

„X,ii5opo6H'' BHKOpHCiajiD n,eu BHMyn IlypHnrKeBnqa: nacKapatnjnct fen. 
CKoponaxcbKony, HaTHKHyjm Ha re, mo Binicip PeHHSoi aBaaciica ^ueHOJi utoro 
anTii^epacaBiioro „CoK)aa 'dexeahnnx BjiacHifKis" i, mob.iiib, 411 He cojiiiapisyeTLca 
i can 3 BHCTynoB llypamh-eBHia. PeiiHfloi aycia nociyuHTHCi.: a"i3ji; yilXIl oyjro 
ft03Bo.'ieHo, i sia BijioyBCa 26. — 28. jkobthh 1918. 3'Ibh; po3raaiiyB ne-HKi npiinninoBi 
nporpaaOBi nuraHaa i bhhic xaKi yxaajiii: „1. .V'KpalncLua Jl,CMOKpaTHiHo-Xjri6opo(5- 
ctKa Jlapria cioiib 3a Hcaajcjoy, caBOCTifiay yitpalHCLKy Aepxasy 3 KOHCTirryn.iiiHn» 
naaoM, SKOro tiopHH Bp|HaMaTi ca» uapift Ha nepmoMy yitpaiHCbKoay Cohmi, aio 
BHfiae 3 3ara3biioro, pisnoro, ToBaoro i 6e3nocepe.HHi.oro rojiocoBaaafl. 2. y BHyr- 
piiDHiii HoaiTHni ynpalHCLKa JleiioKpaTHiino-XaioopofictKa Ilapiia oGoponsTame apu.HH.in 
sk aafiiunpmoI aiiTOttOMil 3ene.u1>. '6. B aaKopftonaiii noaiiani y,JXn oyxe npsity^ 
saTii no aafiesneueana caHOCTiBaocia J 7 KpaiHCtKoi AapsaBH i Henoai.iinocTn i"i TepH- 
Topi'l. JlapTia iipoTii (tie;iepan,.I 3 Pociem. 4. Bhxo^hih 3 ioro cianoBiima, mo 
b Miaciiapoauis BixHOcaaax, npiit npana 2 cnpaBewumociH, rpae pimaio<iy porno pe- 
ajibua (JiaiiHBa cii.'ia, J'JI,XU oucToioBaTnMe noTpeCy nerafiaoro ciBOpenua MoryTnLal 
yKpa'inctKo'i jian.ioHaJii.Hoi, apnil i ^.ilotii, na ocHOBas ^BOLiiTBioI oOoBaaKOBo'i 
cnyaKfra. 6. iliiiKini rpomaaannH yKpainciKol ^I,ep;KaBH ue aoace Syia oOMeiKemiu 
b cboIi Bpaoax HHaKiae, ay. nicaa npurosopy cy«a. 6. B ocBiiHitt uojiitub;! 5VI.XI1 
TpitMaeTBca ioro noraajiy, mo ocBiTa mnpoKui napo^His Mac noBMHHa 6yTH bcSk 10- 
crynHa, GeanjiaTHa i ofiOBasKOBa, Ha kodjt JtepataBH, onepia na Bauioaaiitno -^epstaB- 
ain-BiixoBanHio, 7. yjl,XII cTaBiiTLca a aounoio noiaaaoio jo KoiKHoro BipoienoBi- 
saiiHa fi iiepKBu b yKpalHciKitt iJepjKSBi. Bepsni npanocaaEHifl najiesHri. napme 
aicne iliac yciaa piBHonpaBHsiaH nepKBaati yttpai'Bii. Bapiia CTOBTHSia pimyie sa 
II asTOKeijia-iiso i noeay He3aaeiKB ; 5Tb, hk i hhiuhi iiepnoB, oi:i CTopoaaix u.i.iiTUMHiis 
BnjiHBiB. 8. y/t,XII CTOiTi 3a ie, a6n CTBopnin uiicjiohb}', eKonojumao oHJitHy apiGay 
Ta cepejcHio seMe.ibHy BaacnicTb. 1epe3 ie napiia CTOaMMe 3a npHMycoBnu BBKyir 
no-aaa iipiiBHaieay Hopsty Be.inKonouimnn.LKni 3eMejii>, npa lia 3 ^iaaacoBoro 6oBy 
n,a pe<|>apsra nyciiTi. Cyra nepeaeiieHa b inn iaiepecitt jtepa;aBnus, a He KvIacobus, 
Mil cTaiiOBKX. 9. llapTia oCopoaanitte nei onpaB^aai i peajitHi npo(j»eciriHi KOHaraaHa 
i npaBa yKpa'iHCBKoro po6iTBnn.TBa. 10. B no.iiTHn;i ToproBo-npoMOioBiii yj,Xn 
ofiogoHflTBBe noBny H03Me^BiCTb yKpalacbKO'l JI,epa:aBH H aapoaa i niffrpHiyBaTrae 
HauBnninB po^BiwoK puao'i Topronjii B nposncJiy." 

Kpisi lid nodaiiOBH, KOBifcepeania yseaan^a KiatKa pe30jnonifi no niiTaHHtix 
(iiatyioro xaparaepa: a) b 3ene.ii.Hii1 enpasi (ttaanaueiio HeoOsiKHicTb BHaaaienBa 
Hopim aaKciityHa aesejiLHOro BoaojinBd), 6) b (jiiHancoBifi enpani (3a3Haweno aeo6- 
sijiaicTb EimycKa nanepofias rpomeii ni^ jtepwaBHiiH aeae-ibaafi $OH-i;, m;o aaB Gyra 
yTBopemiB iepe3 npniiycoBHfi BHKyn naTH^yHjifi, a TaKox BH3iiaaH8 pocififi,i;nx 
rpoineft 6ipH;eBHM xoBapoal, b) npo sep>naBKy aOBy (3a»HaieH0, mo b yKpaiaciitiB 
RepataBi nosHHaa 6ym aepataBHow iobok> rabKH yRpa'inobKa i niaKa unuia), r) npo 
Mi..iBa])Oflac cTSHOHiiBie yitpatnH i MafiOyrnio BHpoBy KOH^epeflniio (cEipaK>™ci. Ha 
eKoaoMH'ini iaTepecn yKpainw, s'tis, nocTaHOBHB, mo iiapTia ^yflaatae noTpioHHM ho- 
JoaciiTH Bcis cboIx en.!, a6a BiiLaa ae3a.iea!Ba Xepacasa yspaiHCbKa ajiepwa.iacn uo 
BiKa"; b nifi n,i.ri ygpalua noBnuaa HaTH „cbo!x BJiacHHS ape^cTaBKHKiB na sapoain 
KOEfpeci", noBiifiHi Oyni „3auKBeni aci pociBcbKi taaeiu Ha yRpalm, mo Beiytb 
ariTaaiio npora )Hspaca8«", „Bsua.ieHi aci pociBctKi afiTaTopa b TepHiopii yKpaiuu" 
Ta „3aoaiencfi Kafliner BiHicTpiB 3 msfil, mapo nijjiairnx yKpalHCiKifi 3,ep5KaBi"i, 
^) npo bj,ihohichhs A0 HanioHajiiiiOTO Cowa (lopy-ieao leeep. ynpaei _ Ilapril 
„BBiHTH Ha neBBHx yMOBax b aumBHi 3H0CHHH 3 HanioaajiLniis Coioaoa bUhocdo 










aafioyrabol cnLimoI jyia acix naujonaataux t\>ya aKTHBBoS noairBKH), e) npo ofiopony 
xcpa:aBii (3"i'M. BiTaa ^yniBepcaJi acaooejibMOainoro nana reitaaaa npo opraniaaajio 
KoaanTaa" i aopyiHB taeflaa uapril bjbth eaepriaay yaaerb b opfaai3an,ii K03an.roa, 
a iaKo;K BHC.iOBiiBCB aa re, ms>6 oy.io „canaeno 3obcim (popayaaBBS aa yKpalHCbKift 
TepnTopit, ocoo.ibbo b oeepej(Kax II, nesKiir Be nauiniia.ii.nHx niiifi.Koiuii lacnni), 
x) b cnpani u,epKOBnoro eofiopy (napiia aoaaraiiacb pocnycay ociaobol cecil ycpa- 
LicLKOro n.epKOBUoro cofiupy i apHaaaieaaa hobki Bnoopis). 

9. Ilnjatno T)T 3Mki „rpa«iOTn 1'en.Maaa aciei J-K|iainn Ta iiiHctK KoaaniKux 
,to irapnjy yKpalHCbKoro*, BHxaaoi b 3B83Ky a yiBopeHBBK BOBoro Koajiajiinoro 
Ka5iH6Ty MimcTpiB: 

„rpoiiaaBH8 y«pa5HH ! 

lliepoKy roay ua;ia;i, 29. keiths, Me, cnonyKaai fiamaaaBii BpaiyBarn irauiy 
puny YKpalay Bin aaraay ii aHapiil, BHpiniajiK npH Heath na cefle bcio nonnoTy 
Baaia b spare. IIpo apHmma, mo citoByKajiii Hac ^o n,boro ii ocbobh, Ha KorpRi 
fl ii[. ji n rin b riKi iiJia.iv, roBopHT&ca b rpasoTi Hauiiii bu 2 . kbIthh n,boro posy. 

3a irj niii'Ti. aicanJB bc.ibboio npan,eio ofipannro Haxn npaBnTejibCTBa, bio 
RpanjOBaJO no aainiii iiiiuaiiiKax. apofuiono Ejree Garaui>Ko a.ui aain,aenns llaiuoi 
Aepsaaii, he oiociiiifiol i nesaiexsoi n c p -m a b h. Hams xiiK- 
napcuae CTaiiOBttnte, bk cysepcHnoI sepaeaBa, fiwio Bajnaao co»3Himfl lepataBaaa 
i leaep aime cBoe aaTBepaxccnns isi.i, Eeih'pa.ibnnx nepataB 

yKpa'iacLKHH napi,n, nparayna ao csoel j,epa;aBHoi caxocrifiHOCTU, xae aeTOio 
Ti.ibii safiesiieqeBHH csoro eKOHmuqaoro i KyjibTypaoro jiofipoOyTy. 3 rj.'ikjuithji 
cepnex nimoB Bin Ha sycrpii jipyataboay bub> laensio 3 BceBe.iiiKHM JI,ohoi[ i Ky- 
Cannio i 6 y a e b i t a t a i cnpnaiji yiBopeHHM joOpofiyia 
ii nenoxiiTHoru ji, e p at a b h o r o ,i a x, j b SpaiepcuciS ii o a y 
B e ji n k o p o c i i, CHHax Koipol J r KpalHa ii Teaep iiae miipoKy rociuHnicTB. 4epea 
n;e, cioioin aa fpyaii EoaaieatHOCTH VKpalEciKoI flep- 
3K a b ii i hi 51 aauciporinioay jpysmoxy aeflrpajiiieTOBi, 
Ma cnojuBaeaocb, mo a iiuiiii jepiKami npiuiiaKiTi, Ham .lepiKaBniiii cyaepeHiTei. 

B o6aacm BayTpiniHboro jkhttii Kpaio Haaio upaBiirejitcTBO Biuaio paji; 3a- 
Kuaia, KOTpi Bvia^yrb niii,ay ocHUBy ;[.ia xaiiCyTBboi ji,ep»caBHOCTB yKpalmi. liv;n» 
Hiuaim -.iaKoim npo rpoia^nnCToo, npo BCiaHOBJieiuia jl,op:icauiiui n Oeiraiy, npo aa- 
iji.uciinn J1.B0X yi;paiacbKHi yaiBepcnieTiB, Bapofijeno saKoaonpueKT npo BCTaaOBJieaag 
yi;]ia'iin:i.Ku'i AtcaAeaii HayK i MucTeUTB; BH^ajio fiyiio aaiconu, mo Kja^TTB aiuny 
ocnoBy cTBOpeanio caoel apail ii ip.is.uTa, iiojiinineno cTaaoiinau) ucix npan,bOBBiiKiB 
cyAoaoro BiioactBa, napoAaix yiM-rcjiu i jiyxonencTBa; un^ano aaKoaa npo aopaj;oE 
nntiopiB B aeacLKJ i aicbsi yCTaaoBii, aaBc^oao jtepiKaBaHil aeaejibaaa oann i 3a 
n;eii iac sajiaao 6i)iLiae 400 nmnnx aaKoan^iTiuii aKTiB, aeioH) Korpux aiua.ioci, 
ynopa^KyBaHHa no-iiraiHoro a eKonoMHaaoro iehtth yKpainn. HacjiijiKH scix 3axo- 
HiB aeaatiapoti BHBBiiiincb y aara-iLnoay nijBHmenni eKOuoaavnoro i KyjibTVpnoro 
3,o6po(5yTy Kpaio, no flBjiaeTtca roJioBnoio aaanpyKOio rpesajiocTu caaol sepaaBH. 

Ii Toil caMiiit iac, naanTaHmn, mo seaejibae nnTaanu aajiaeTbcn aaiirojioBMin;itn 
3aBiaHnaa, Korpe apniiieTbcs BnpiaiuTii Haainicy npaBuiejibCTBy, fl, a uepmax se 
,i,ii in npuiinaTia na ce6e iiouboctb n.iaa,ii. aBcpnya ocoO.iiiBy yeary aa ic, aiod dyjio 
aifipano sci aaai, noTpioni jua npamui.aoro fioro Bapiuieaaa. Teaep ni niftroTOBii 
poSoia iipHfianasaiOTLCH jio aioua, i 'lepes n,e JMii naxojinao Tenep miv.ohhiim iki'iutii 
»Aiiicnenns seae^baol peijtopMH; aje jlis Toro, mo6 umaaas Taitol nepatopaaaol Barn 
fiyjio Bapiaieno naiioi.ni.Ri 3rijiao 3 aorpefiaaa .iiiojmocTn, Mh BBBJEaeao noTpifianK 
aanpocBTH no BapoOjieBBH rojionnBx ocbob aeaejiLHoi pe^opaa ii thx aaKoaojaianx 
saxojtiB, KOTpi noannui <3yrB I'i aonoBBennsa i posehtkom, BpescTaBHiiaiB bcix saacia 
jiioiiHocia, aaiaTepecoBaaui y iihx cnpaBax. Is n,ieK> aeioio Ma aopiaiiuiu coaKain 
ocotfjinsy Hapajiy, b KOTpiii Ma ocofiacio dyiieBo roaoByBaxn. 3aB r i,aBBaa niel aa- 
pana e BapoOJieBaa afpapaoro saKoay aa rojioBnux ocnoBax, sasnaieaax b rpaaori 
HauiiM bii 29. kbItbh n,boro i l oay, a caae: 1. JIpauiiTe.wTBO 6epe b cboI pyKH 
aepesejenHa 3eaeJiLnoI pe^opaa aa yKpalai; 2. 3 n,eio aeToio iiobbbbo Cj'tu )tbo- 
peao JtepsaBBuil 3eaejibaaa $onji; sa kobit aeae-ib cKapfioBiii, b.cpkobhhx i Hacraaa 
npiiBaiiiiix njacBBKiB; 3. Bca pe^iopaa uoBUHna 6yiB nepeBejeaa fiea aopynienaa 
inTcpecin npiinaTfliix ooio. s njiaTOK) no najieffiaiu oniBn;i Eetoro aaiina, mo nocrynaa 
b ^GpjKaBBaii 3e«eJibnHu 4>oii^; 4. Metoro pe^opaa aoBaano 6yTa aooiaiaaaa — ?epe3 
npojiaac aea.ii — «ajio3eaejLEiiH ce.iaHaa i nosaKaa yKpa'iaa seajii i vTBopeaan 



— 155 



Hpioanx, a.ie ckobomhibo ain;niix ceaancbKHX i K03an,bKnx rocnojapcm na yapalm; 
6) Pe$op»a He uoDHusa spofiHTii wkoah nyKposiH npoaHCJionocm, nioay rojiOBnoay 
jiatepejiy fiaraTCTBa yKpalBii, i iminiinia an MOHtna Jidiiiie iioiiii.uitu saraibay upo- 
ayKMBnicrt i KyuiTypy actoro cijiwbKoro rocnoaapcTBa yupaluH. 

Jlopyi is seae.stuojo pe<t>op«oio OcoOjtitaa Hapaxa noBiiiiBa BHpofiHra anajty 
saxojuB AJia po3BHTKy Ha y»palai npoaiiCJionocTH. JJ,e — 3 OHuoro Cosy — ueoG- 
xiaao jyia Toro, aoij saGesneqiiiu cia.'ina 3apo6iTK0a 6e33eae.aMU ioscii .noaHOCin, 
a 8 ipyroro — jpfl toro, moo" aaru thm anaiHisir rpomoBna 3acofia», Koipi BnaE- 
Sjticb b aacaUoK aeaeatBoi petjiopaa, iipo^j'KTitBHHU i floxojBna b-,khtok y aeatax 
eaao'i yKpalim. Hapeum, n,a Hapaaa noBHana bhpoohth aaKononpoeuT npo aejiio- 
paiHBHafi ape,i;nT, upo ci-itciKorocnoaapcbKnu ipiOunii Kpeii!*, npo uu3eaiHi aiipa 
i ae-aisi BHiui aaKOHOiipoeKTH, 3Ba3aai s 8oae.ii.BOK) pe$opso». Hhmb aopyieBO paAi 
MkicTpiB BBpofiiiTH b xa.n63wx<mu <iac npoeKTu npo cttaax n,iel Hapaaa, npo oOcar 
n KOMneTeHn,iI Ta npo nopaAOK II iuajunocin. TBepao Bipio, m,o Hapaja us, ho 
yiacm b KOipiB 6yae saajinKaHO sci Kaaca jtoxboctb, BiipofiHri 3eae3i,Hna aaaou 
i 3BB3aHi 3 bum saxoBH TaK, bjoo n.nw Cy.'io uooaAeHo Min,ay ocaoay eKonoMHuaoay 
XoSpoSyiosi cijtctKOl jikuhoctu aa yapaiai, m,o aajasTbca aauopyaoio eKonoaniHOI 
il noaintiiioi cu.ni iianiu'i ao.iiy.oi flepjKaaH. 

Paaoa is njia Mhohj flopyieno paji aiaicTpiB BBpodiiin sauoa npo yupalH- 

rj.llilii Cofiw. 

SasMxmaiM Bei niapn jikj^hociu aodokoite' Haa i npaBHTe.itCTBy b BupimcHai 
n,nx hboi HaiiroaoBHimux cupaa uamoro Buyipiamboro hchkh, Mb iBep^o Bipuao, 
ra,o npa raKiix yaoBax csoro SAiikHenna. aonu oyjtyTt HC3pynuiM0K) nuBajnBoio Matt- 
(jyratoro po3u,BiTy caaociianot yupaliciicol JI, e p at a b a i sa6e3ne<iaTt 
yKpaiiiCBKOJiy napofloni Ha ftpnri posn fioro eKoaoaayaaa ^ofipofiyr. 

J'eibaan scie'i i'Kpaluu i niacin K03anbKiix 
Jl a b ji o C k o p o n a j t- l k n i"i. 

Bnsaao b KuIbI, 29. scobthb, posy 1918." 

10. BainHifl panTOBO i ao loro 5K ycniinno opieHTan,iK> 3 HiiieiiJiHii na Ah- 
TaiiTy, 3BniaiiH0, dy.io ffyate Tpy^HO, th» fibwue, mp n;e He Bcubu cTe])Tiica eaijoi 
bia U013HKH JIuaoryfla i cauoro feHepajia Cnoponaji,ci>KOro a,o Bepniay i aafiymct 
BipHOJiiManctKi apoaoBH, Barojiomcui ieu. CKoponaxcbKHM nepe^; BiJitreiriaoa Jl. 
UJ,e bo iaK jaBHO (6. uepecna 1918.) fenep. CKoponaaciKHfi, ncpeflyBaioin b CTaBn,i 
isnepaTopa Hiae^iiBBH Biabre.itMa II, ..kjbbch" b cboih Bipaocra Hinnaa, a Iii.n,- 
reJb» o6in,HB ..aoao^oay «oHapioai" cboio npnaieatciiKy ni^TpiiaKy Ha Biifri lacn. 

HaBO^Hao ryr iipoaoBU niu abox , t iipiiaTe.iiB", BilroJlomeHi iiaan iii^-iae no- 
Ca^GHBa. B raaeiuoay cnpaB03,T.anni MUiacao : 

„Ilia5ac nodaienna 5. Bepecna y Bi.ibrejit«crere n. rcTbaana 3 iMiieparopoa 
Bijitrejbaoa, ociaanin SBopnyBcn jifl reibaana 3 TaKoio npoaoBOio : .Jlane FeTbaane ! 
Meni cnpan.iae BCiiiKy pa^icra liram b Hiae'i'jHfli Baniy CflirjiicTb, an iipiianaHoro 
npeacTaBiiuKa yKpafncsKoro Hapojiy i iioro IlpaBiiTeabCTBa. 3 aoacy bhmobhth 
cBoe Hafirapa^inve 3aA0B0,ieaHa, n;o iipyatni Bi^BocuHii Miat yKpaiaoio i EiaeqiflHoio 
8flo6yjH co6i n,aa ai3MT0M flBne upH3Danna. K p i u a b a b i a a a, any k o b a p- 
h u a ii 3 a a ii c a a a n Aetihiu u a k it n y t o c b i t o b i i aiey Bona, ne 3Ba- 
acaiomi aa si3uany He^ocaKiiicTb cboIx jtepjKaBnnx'n,ijieii, isidiiiiiiiii fioace- 
b i a j\ a a n p o ,i o n ;i; y c 3, a .t i, 3 a 11 3, a ji a laiox i y k p a I n i t h vi; k 11 x 
pai. K0.1H, no bii3boj!cbhk> CKOBaaBX PoeiilebKoio lanepieio HapoftHix chji, yxpalHD,t, 
naaaTaioiB npo cbo» caasny HHByBuinay, nporo.iociuia ce6e HesajeatHoio ,iep:KaBoio 
i aBepeyjuca ao Hiaeqianu 3 npoxaHHaa ftonoMorrn la npn fiyflynaHHio SxHtoI ftep- 
xaBa, a oxoie upn.ioiKHB 30 HLoro moix pya, aioO TUbaa aaua 6yaa i'a 
Ca-./ana aoak. Moe npannrejiicTBO i apanJiTe.itcTBa koIx bhcokiix cojosbiikIb 
asa.iH aa cede samaiiin apHrOTOBHTB sjib yicpalHH ai^- 
h a p j 11 x) npanoay nincTaByflJiH II j e p a a b 1 d r ictnyBaaHH, 
apn Hoay nami apai'i noaoraJH 3aBecrn cnouift y Kpaio, noBBia pyluniittbKiix eaeaeaTin ; 
nil iiioponoK) mil apaia 10™ pocitoqainca BiftfiyflOBaaaa nepaaBH, i BH,_Bama 
CniT.iicTb, Biiueccui i uiflTpuaaui iniipoKiiMU aacaaa yBpalncbKoro ceaaHCTua i npn- 
xii.ibiiux ao nopn^Ky rpoaasan, noiajiii a ofiepeacHicTKt i TaKioa BiflflyflOBj-BaTn 
>"i;]iaiBy no Hosoro ^epacaiiaoro yiciiTia i iioaonsajH aa jonoaorow npana 1 3anoBy 
ocHony ^3H cbooo^h ia nopa^Ky. ropoxoiiuH aoa;e bi^ a,boro lacy BiAJ,a THC! ' cno * 



— 156 



kLbho caoesy penecjiy, a ceaannn: npantosaTH feiteiHO kojio piiLii i KopnciaTBCH 
3 naojtiB cooei nj>an,L UI,e 6aran,bKO 30CTacTbca npau,i, aae .Y'Kpalua nix chjubbh 
i TaKTOBHiiH npoBoapx Banio'i Cbit.ioctb upoBuua nace BemiKy lacraay lopora, HKa 
sen® 51 50 BHyTpimHhoro cKpiuaenns, i 3a6e3neiBJia cofii ocaony jpa 6yxyioro pos- 
bow. Hai3BHiaiiHo nene TiaiHTt, m,o b cnhiHiu upaaj HpofiyBaioiHx na FjEpalBi 
niaeuhKux BifictK i ypaiOBnin 3 yttpajnciunsiH BaacTHXH iioiuHae posBBBatuca: uo- 
tyna ace Oiminoro ft Gijibiaoro B3aeMHoro AOBippH, i nfi aae nem aicory b b c ji q- 
BHTHncBHy h a a i m, m; o loniiHiHi i rocaoiapctKi nocggn, 
BKi Biatiio cede aonoBaaioTi, ■ i at H i m e >t t it it <> to fi y k p a 3 n o to, 
6 y a y t h c t a b a t ]] see m i n h i m, h mm i m a p i m, ii s a.' 

iMuepatop aaKiii'iiiB TpioipaaoBuie ,ypa' 3a 3j.opoB.ia nana reTtsaua, a nan 
eTtaiaH BianoBJs yupaiHCBKOio boboio : 

,Bauia l^icapctKa i KopoaiflCbKa Be.iaiaicii ! 3 noiyrTflM HaSr.iuflniol b;wi- 
boctb Biie.iyxae a aacKaBi c.iona, 3 hkhsii Bama BciiiiuicTi. sbo.iii.ih ho xeue 3Bep- 
Hymen. Hi cjona 3nafii.yTb whCokhB baaibhS Bij;t'OMiB no uLaiii yspalHi. B crpanmui 
BUKJiiKannx nieio Biiutoio CTpaiKjaiinBi npoKimy.Toci. nan.ioHajii.nc noiy'TTa noneBo.ie- 
hdi ,t,o Utoro lacy HapojJB, ak axui aopi oyiyioro mipy. 3aBji;HKtt Moryriii nia,- 
aepa.ni HiMci'titnu i II bbcokux coKuuiiniB, aaouya yjcpalHctKiitt aapoa, ai-*napo,T,Hbo- 
npanoai ochobii us caoel 1 1 p a: a i j o t c a a o c t i H a o c i h i ueni.i- 
a era oct a. Bijifiy^OBaana n.iei iiouo'i a,ep-.t:aim uiiaarai: six acne i mx MO'ix i-iiib- 
poOiTum;ii! BO.il] mix 3ycE.1L, II a n .1 a c k a n i m« B itpuiios, hkmjc Bama Be.nii- 
bictl sBii.'ia.'ia Jieae BMaayaaTir, npuBse yupainciKJiii napoit, hk oaiiany npHXHaLaocTH 
Bantoi Bcjimibocth a.o Hoaoa.0! YKpaiaii, i sia x n a, a c r i> nan nu iiitKoinnit 
HUBSJ 3a,n,uiHHB, aid nac me aovKitaatoTb. liepy Ha ccic cai.iHBiCTL pa30» 
3 liaiiioK) lio.iii'iiiii TMi 1111 r .1 11 ii ji t it TBep^y Haj;iK), m,o las ni, a c ji a a 
HiiiarojstHi ixc i! .1 i t it 'i 11 i 1a eioiomiii sBocaaa lix v 0- 
rjntoM Iliieiiiiioio a J7 k p a "i n to m,e & i J t> ni e 3 s i a, n a t t c a' h a 
Kacii oCoi iipojin. B isena Bait'tEioro yKpaincbKOro llapo,;y nijuoaiy, hk 
rCThaaH Bciei yapaiaa, aiit kc.ihx 3a ;:j.np"H.m Bauiol HicapcbKOi i Kopo.iincLKOl 
Be.iti'iHOCTM i aa cjtaBay 6yjyiiCTt xopofiporo i BipHoro Hiiien,bKoro napoxy'. 

XpitKpaTiiHH ,c.iaua' a moctl n,icapa 3aKiHinn CBOto soisy nan rcTbsan." 

Ilicja TaKux B MHoroKpaTHBx" n cJiaBa u Ha <tecr& noSiflaoii HiaetiiiHB, sbh- 
Ma5iHo, tpyano 6yjo 3aneBniiTH AnTaaTy b mapiu npna3Hi xo Hel „aiMon,bKoro" reTt- 
MaHa. He rbbho OTae, e,o podoTa 0. IIIyni.rHHa (c-*!).), A. farina (tob. 
Mia. sasop.t. enpaa) ii udbiiix r^ibnancbKiii „aaTaETO$iiJ[iB" Jtaaaaia xiacpni nai'.'iiAKU. 
X01 tea. CKoponajciKitB, an „iciHHHopyccKitt" reHepaji, i Bi^oMaii dya b aopeBo- 
jnoa,itiHi wen, hk BeaHKaB „pociHci.Ktiu naTpioi" i ,.in,Hpiifi aaraHToi|iiji tb sopor 
HixaJB", xo'i b!h i aan 3Bi)3KH 3 amanTcbKiisiii ,inn:ti.oxaTa»H th ixaixn ipiiiiMit 
b ahi naciyay BtBciKa Cobwc*ko1 Pocil na yKpalny b rpyani 1917. — cinni 1918., 
npoie Anranra na xoMa TaK jtereo saOyiu iioro n 3paji;B" i aoBoi >: ,jiiooobu" xo 
HiKenHHU, 

11. BaKopacToBywiH jkhbi m,e b aapojiaix itacax icTopntHi cnora,i.u npo ko- 
3an,t>Ky sauopoactKy xo6j na yKpalni, fenepaa CuoponaACLKaH xotjb BTaiTtt 
ce.aaHCTBo b nonin(an,BKo-Kaniia.iicTH'!Hy net.no tiunxost ,,BUHOB.teHBH yKpa'iaeiKoro 
Koaan,TBa". B n,iB n,ijii i (Syjio BHJiano citetiiotHHtt „yniBepcaji iioro CBiwiocTH- 
Ucuoae.ibsioacnoro iiaua reTbiaaa BcicI yKpainu Ta siBcM noaan;tKHX no aapOAy 
yKpalHCLKoru" cJiiAytoioro aaticTy : 

„Mn, TeibMan J'cieT yKpa'iiui Ta BifictK Koaan^ttui, yHiBepcajioii n.Hii HaniM 
oaaailoMJioeKo scix thx, aoscy npo u,e BuaTu HaaesKaTb, a ocofiaiiBO ^ep/KaBHHil CeHaT, 
Pa^y MinierpiB i Bci ypa^oBi iHCTiiTyn,iI Jtepsaan yKpaliicbKO'i, ni,o aiisaaaa Ma sa 
6jiai'o syra 3iia,Beaaa cihih ,Hepa:aBH nainol ai^poaiiTH Kosan;TBO ao Bcix nicn,ax 
fioro iciopaiHoro icTayBaHBH na YKpaTai, nonjia,T,aio<iaci b ocHoai fioro Bi,jpoi.(KenDfl 
Ha tt K03an;LK0-jiiin:apcbKi ipajymit, am sonecaa aas ietopia nauta 3 j;o6u jiuHyjiol 
6opoTi6it Ko3an;bKoi I'tcpa'tnii aa cboio rojiio. 

Uicjta tofo, he a flan Bti.ia'ti Hana BtxpyiHoro SHda xo n* BifictKOBoro 
MiniCTpa itepeBe,neHa Oyaa bch niflroTOBia npaa;a no n;60>ty niiTaaato, BaaaajiK Ma 
Tenep Ht'o6xia,iia», bk aepnitlii pea.ibitiiit t;poit x° n,i.oro, nujaTii aah.-on, Hiciiii ocia- 
TOino ofifpyHToaye a aaraatHUX pncai MeTy Hatny no itbo^HiiuraHttio, i 16. :kobthb. 
1918. 6yn yxsaaeHHH yps^oB ^epataBii yKpalucbitoI b laKoay 3nicTi; 



— 157 — 



*■*< 



» 



BejiuEuB HapoAe yKpa'iHCbKHii ! Th daiaia Tenep, mo aacran tok macauBHii 
«iac, KO.m fljMKH TboI i apii, ani r.ia3oKO chsuh b cepn,t Koaoioro maporo ciiaa 
yKpa'iHH, nepeTBopioioTtca b .vftcaicTL. Tenep Tn (Syxem aata iy Haajona.'ibuy 
BiIciKOBy cajiy, aa aitiil ijacao oaiflcTBca Tao« aan/ioaajBae oojbiib, Toift iuct 
i. Tbiu iiarpioTuyHHR boiodb jhoGobk ro pijiporo Kpato, auali 250 .lit tomj aa3a£ 
aaaae aeBracHO b cepnax Tboix caaBam npa^Uin. .Tiin,apcBiri nojjl It, nmposa 
ciaBa, aKa ayHajia i Jiyaae b aaaionajiBHUx aicaax no BciS yiepaiai ail, Kpaio jo 
Kpaw, i BfiMna icropia kutth yupaiacBKOro i aanapcBKOI npani Koaaioi, aita iaK 
^jiH3bKa ToOi, Hapuje yKpaiacBKaa, i npo asy ras ajiipo cuisae b cboii jiyaax 
HeaaGyraia cniBea> yapaSHB, — CyayTB aiiuiojo aisciaBOJO, mofi aanjriiia aaosa, as 
mas, nuninna ubitok aeiiBKa, fiaraia J r KpaIua nu aaxHcio* pi^Horo KosanjBa. Mh 
neani, mo Boao He nacTb pisaoro Kpaio mi noTa^y aoporaa uiiitnis ! 

Bac ace, K03aKH — aaniajiEB ciaBHUi 3iiH.apiB-sanopoHtu.ia, Mh aaBLinKaeao 
3 lectio KOCHTU aapoBaai HaMH K03ani.Ki Kynaaa i j.o6pe jiflam npo Te, aoa copo- 
bos i raKtOom He BttparH 11 i laeifHOiJB Koaaiiix i thx BeauKHx cji&b&hx eiopiaOK 
aauioi icTopii, skhmh hh floci nHiaajiHCB. Baacaio niacin i ycnixy b BeititKiii i Baat- 
jiiiniii npaa,i na aojuo j BtacTH yKpa'iHH, pij^iosy MeHi i acid J'KpaiHi cjiaBaoay 
K03an.TBy, i nporay (wiarodOBeaua Bceiroryioro Bora ma Bcix Bipaax caato yupaSaa 
— mapiix Kojai.-iu. 

Xaii Tiai bcjhk*[i ape^WB nainax xaiysb Bcin nan aia> i cnjiy npaBjHBO 
i iiecBo BHKOuaia re BejniKe 3aa,naHUH, hkb Tenep ctoitl nepej; Haan i ^epjuasoio 
yKpaiactKoio. 

JI,aH pony b\x Pi3S,Ba XpHCTOBOro 1918., hcobihh 16. b CTOJitHoay iiicri JJep- 
a;aBH yKpa'iaciKoI Kiilui, FeiBMan Bciei yupamu Ta BiactK Kosan,i>Kai llaii.w 
k o p o ii a ;i, c t e h E." 

MafiMO npHKiaa, bk nacoH SyiJacyaaia b cboTx mbcobhi iinepeoai BHKopHCTOHye, 
aftasaaoct Su, Haufiiiiai Bopoaii lii aapo r i,Hi ipa;iuui'J. Tpe6a 6y.io ae a6a bkoi 
caiaaBOCTH, mo6 iji,eio K03aa,rBa, Koxpa HB.ineTtca b uapoftHia ysai ij;eeio CopoTLfia 
ae Ti.itKH 3a aan,ioaaaLae, aae rojiOBiiim huhoh 3a cuu.iaJii.Be BH3BOJienaH iioapaBjiaje- 
Horo vKpalncLKoro npausoioioro JiiOAy 8-ai^ Hoaia(am.Koro apua, aoaepayia aa 
c.ijacuy noMiiUHKas i KaaiTaaicTaa. 

12. BofiaieHHa feaepajia CsoponajicBBoro a feHepajoa KpacHo- 
d u a aiji,oyaoc!> 3. aacTonana Ha ciaBn.il Cbopoiohobo aeAa-ieKo nip, Ilo.iTaBB. 
B o$HH,i03Hoay 3B)j;oi(JieBBi (y.T.A.) noaaiio 3SJct bpomobh ieaepajia KpacaoBa, aa- 
rojioaieuol y BiAnoBtit aa ioct. .Veaepaaa CKopouaactKoro sa n 3^opoBJia Oiaaaaa 
KpacaoBa i pocn,Bii Bittctaa ^oaciKoro", i npHBrraJib'ny nponoBy, BHro-iomeay aa- 
laaBBHKOic rettxaacbKoro Jenepajiiaoro aiTafiy noJiKOBBHKos C-iiaiactKaii. 
llo^aeao xyr aaicr n;iBl iarepecHOi npoaoBa : „Baina IIcHOBeJiiaosKiiiCTi! Ba Be.ii- 
■oacai nauone ! Ba 6e3 cyna;By aposyaieie, bki r-iHOoai aoiyiTH 3aionaioKiTB aene, 
Koaa a aaioatyct y BaaioHy loaapacrBi, . na Baiutii 3eMJii. An.xe ac n,e JI,ninpo — 
aiapoKHil aoryraia, He KhIb, 'lepanria, BojoauMHp-BoaaiictKBii. KhIb — .mstl 

ropOftOB'L pyCCKHIl', CTOIBH6 BICTO KniB, S» CH^IB BoJIOABBHp KpaCHe CoHe^KO 

y sacOKoay na.¥an,i, Kyjia a'JsAHJiacb fioro Garanipi 3 aacTas CaraTapcbKai. He CaTB- 
KiBm;«Ha Ijii Mypoan;a, Jl,o6pHHi liiiKininia. Ty^ aiH.ia ca. Oabra, ai^ca ninijia aipa 
pycBKa npaBocaaoaa no acifi CanTopycbKiB Beuii i tjt rpi3ao cioann TBepsuiti KHfB- 
clk! : ne 3.iriMa.ni Ii a ai He^eaira, a ni Taiapa. IIocbmctoji CBHCiaa Co.iOBea-po3- 
<iiiiuuK, iiawynaJio Ha Hfaoro lI^o.iaaie-noraBe, humb aa Htoro BiBnoio Kopcii noat- 
CBKi, cyaTaaii TypeniKi, a »ia pic, fiaraiiB, nix aaxacTOM Ciia BauoposcctKOt, iiij 
ofiopoHow noacBKHi jiiojeB, apaBOcaaBBHi K03aKi8. H cto» posiyaeaafl, oiapoBainiir. 
Meai nparaaycTbca lapiBHuft o6pa3 cb. OaBra a coflopi Kuaaa Bojo^uiupa, oflpas, 
litrtrpafi Biayctoj,a flHBHtBca aa Bac. 

Kara a no.iyal aosteaiH i syKax pyiEB aeiiau Kycaa Pocil, loryTaia yKpaitt- 
cbkiim Hapoa HaiimoB b co6i chjib nijiBHTact la aaOpaTH Bac cboj* reTBuanos, 
iaiioB, he THcaqy poKiB aaaaa, 04i acir jiinuiai jnoaefi pycbKUX Mtepayawi aa 
KbIb. Bauia HcHOBeJLMOacnicib, 3 BautHit napo^oa Ba aepuii noftaaa pyny aoa> 
CBEoay K03an.TBy. J,oacBKe E03an,TBO h!ko.iii n;Loro ae 3a6y^e. Tenep, bojib b epaniiu 
eAHOCTH ch^hjuo mh 3 Baaa aa o^ana croaoa, rajtacTBCH aeai, m,o nenoiaioK 
Toro Beamoro, mo Bh lane aosepmnTH. Bace GaraTupi BBiBCbKi 
CTajia aa bcii aaciaBax aojiofleB,bKDi, aace ^,oh BLatauii Bijt ai,oaana aoraaoro. 






— 158 



Bate na Kyoam iiotojiku aanopoacniB npo<mm,&Kib mnai no cnironai .^pefirax rip. 
BaaicropianpHroTOfluaamjiaiiaacKHii, aae caaBCTiinii. Xatt 
aiHBe nan Penman !" 

13. Hntiucb Hasi nHcaa u KmiiaeiiHoay inaii „yxpa!na" (moAOHfla la- 
36Ta — Opfaa IITTaGy HajUHiapaucbKoi Jlieno'i Apail, N 91, 16. .tHcronaaa, 1919^ 
KaaaHeu,b) b piinimio noBCTaiinn npom reTtnanfliHHH caiAyKree npo Biiflopn JI.ii- 
peKtopiS: „B si« 3 13. na 14. juctona,i,a (3 cepea,u Ha neTBep 1918. p., cane 11 tot 
qac, koju b reTtianctKiii na.iari Ha OaeKeaBApiBCLKiB Byaiin,i BuroioB.in.iaca rpa- 
Mora CKOponaflCiKoro npo tJieAepaujio 3 Pociere i ciuaaaBca $e,iepaTHBanfi Kafliner 
repfiejin, u 6ya,HHKy MiniciepcTBa IffjiaxiB (na Bi6iK0BCLKin oyaisapi N 34, b kI»- 
naii ypajoBna jun ocofiansm ^opyienb 0. C t e 3 a niA tocj. 6) 3iGpaBCB rypioa 
yKpalacBKBi ftiaiis, ape^CTaBUiiKis >'Kpa3Hci.KOi'o HaaioBaatBoro Coro3y ia yKpaln- 
cikhx napiiii, y raKiH CK.iaji : li.BuiimeEED, A. M a k a p e n k o, 4>. HI b e u; t, 
M. Ill a 11 b a a, 0. Hiko, 0. c e n, j. k 11 ii, cothhk Ci«, CipLttnia A. 1 a fi k i b- 

C I> K II fi, HO.iKOISIIlIK T K> T Ki 1111 It K, noaKOBHHK A p K a c, H. j{ i ,\ y III O K, 0. M a- 

KapeiiKo, 0. Miin,»K, M. Kyinnip, 11. AHApieBctKMfi i Kyai<mn,i- 

k u u. IIa|ia,\y ii;.ii!i:a.iii B. BitHUHieHKO i M. JlLuinmu bia im-uii yEpamcBKoro 
Han,ioHajibttoro CoK3a. TonoByBaB B. BnaattieitKo; npoTOKoay niiro ne nncaa. 

. . . B. Bubhhicbko bobiaomeb uapajiy npo ti lauiHi ito r T,i'i, KOTpi b row cane 
sac TBoptiJincn b reTi>naaciiniii uanaii. BciH eiaaa acBa la cTpaaiHa KaTacipoijia, 
flKy reTtaau roTOBim yKpaiaciKiH Hanionaatnifi AepacaBitoern ; b aiKoro He Oy.io 
cyMHiay, mo, koju rcTi>naH yTpnaatsTica npn BaaAt, HaBHHte BiaiTapai 3hochbh ajje- 
niKiaiiB ua A 0H y i sn^acTb iioaiTiiiHi iieitceai Amaini Ta nocKoiicbKim pecraBpaio- 
paM 6JHH01 nejiiflimol Poci'i, TOfti iRaam yicpainCLKo'i ^cpxcaaH ipefla BsaataxH 8a- 
BJaHeHOK). Sbh.18 Cyjia aysse Baatua: bis no'i 3a.ieacaao 6}'th aCo He 6yTH yKpa'in- 
CbKOEy HapojtOBi, yKpaJncbKiii caiocnlmS aepaaBi. \ T y T ynaaa Ta ieupa BeaiiKoro 
JCTopHsnoro siaa, KOTpe nosepuyao icTopii'iiio Kojieco yKpaiHCfeieoro iiapoAV y npo- 
TBBHnri 01k, mm ne aaayayBaB HHn,ioHaiii.niiii peHe^aT Ci;o]ioiiivt,ctKufl. Hapa.ia 6es 
aoBrnx aicKycia noCTanoBitaa niannTn Herauno Bccnapoaufi noBcraHHa upoin Cnopo- 
uaACbitoro 3a cbob con,iaji6He i Han.ioHa.'ibi[o-scp»:aBHe BHSBoaeann. Kojih 6yao no- 
CTaBaoBO BiiTaniiit, hd liiaHHTH napij b iaa oCopoHti npas po3irBano5 B,eBTpajiLiiu'f 
PaflH in b isia CopoTt6fl aa yKpaiHCLKi ycTanoBii 36opa, Hapa^a ojHorojioCHo Li^- 
xiiJiHJia n,i racaa i tasace o^noroJOCHO nocTanoBiua BuCpara JlapeKTopiio yKpaiHctKo'i 
Hapoftntol PecnyfijiHKH, Koipifi jiopyieHo ojiEe-opiceiiEe aai- 
pisH; JtiKBiAysaiH [ctiuhi CKopona^cbKOro. Ha BHiiaaos 
maciHBoro ycnixy isoBCtaHHa BUnosi^He aapoftHe npe^eraBBnuTBO aajo 03aamiTit 
$opay BaaftH Ta j.ep»taBao1 opfaai3an;iI PecnyfijiiiKH. 

B cKJiajt AiipeKTopii Cyan BHfipaai: B. B n k ii u i e a k o, as TojioBa, 
4. BI b e n, b, A. M a k a p e h k o, 11. A b jt. p i c b c t k n B, bk "laenu, i C. II e t- 
ji » p a, aK Tojiobhhh OraMaH yitpaiHCbKiii pectiyfiaaKaHctKHi BiHCiK" . . . 

14. flI,o niAKynH jiilcHO MaaH aicn,e, bhaho ioh 6h a caiAywyax AOsymeHTia 
(ocyfijiiiKOBaHni b cbim qac b opiriHaaai — na poeiikbitifi icoBi b „Po6. ra3eTi" 
q. 438, 21. chna 1919.): 

„I'o;i o it a o k o m a n A.V »' i o m y Bcisa o 3 I) p o e h h m ii cii.iaMiiita 
yi;p;iiui. I.odii oot'Tannuii neoiAK.iaAuo BiiMaraKiTi, moO Biscn.BKi BiHcbKa 
b Kpaitain BtmaAKy 3ajintna^iicb 6h b neBTpa.'ibHOsiy CTaui, as y aiAni'iiteaaKv ao nac, 
Tas i ao noBCTaHQiB. Jl,.ia nboro ueofiiuiioio SBaacTBea cava nittpoica afitania, bk- 
cepej fliMen,bKiix o$uu,epiB, Korjii b cym piin ao nac itjniiajtai, rait i cepeA caa- 
AariB, CijbuiicTi KOTpai, sa BHK.noueBHS» ejib3acn.iB, OABepTO CH«naTH3y»ib npamit- 
HHKaa lleT.iiopti. 31 BsaiKaB 6n neoSxiAimx no>iaTa TaKj- afiianiio aeraitHo, ne 
caiiiuiioMHCL nepoA npHMHB iiUKynoB, as HaqajiBCTayioninx oci6 Hisieu;bKoro KoaanAy- 
Eanna, TaK i ocoOaaBO bii.iiibouhx ca.iAaiiB, oco6,ihbo 3 iiic.ia 'i.ieiiiB .CoBAena.' 
'lti 6_vab na n.eB sowaA aroAa Bainoro CaaTe.iBCTBa i hh A03B0.iHTe Bh aeni poGhtbt 
lacMHO, fieaBUMirao i (3e3AOKyiieHTaJiLHo Btirpaia 3 cymi b oahb aiaion pyo.tiB, 
BiAnynenoi Meni BasiH ,na cenpcini mnvriat.' feHep.-aeSi. lllyuKofi, Biiicmoniiii 
MiaieTp J'KpaTuu. 3 opiriaajoii Bri^ao: HaiaJibHiiB Kaimcinpti Boen. MiHicTpa- 
leHep.-maaop KoBaaeBCBKn B." 

Ha Hboay AOKaaAi fenepaa fpa$ Keaaep noKaaB Taicy pcaoaiouiio: „II,i,iK0K 
noroa:yKicb : a-ih BBKOHanna Tpefia bjkiith seratino cyou enejifirtnas aaioAJB, He 
maiyioiH rpomeB. tjt. Keaaep. 9, rpyaHa 1918. p." 



159 — 



MiBicip ten. mynsofi iiaiipaimu nieaH ntom Roiaaft jaa BBKonaHHa 
3 raKHM npnDMOM: ,,Ilpii n,toKy aa;icaaajo : 1. OpiflBaa jiOKyseaTa soro ,T,a ro.ioniio- 
KOBaH^yioioro 23. JiHCToaana c. p. upo ho3bui nepeBojHTn oeodaiiao Taeimi BH.T.aiKH 
3 cyMU n 1,000.000 py&i., Bi3,nyin,enBi Mem no XQiu:aj.y HaiaaLHHKa HhaOa Timob- 
BOKOMaHjjToioro six 21. aHCTonaaa c. p. ,Ha ceKpeiri Ba^anca' — Tacano, 6e3Bi^- 
iitbo i 6c3SOKynenTa. i ii.Hc, — a pe3ojiK>a,ieK> fp. Keaaepa — ,n,i.TKOM uaroscyiocb : 
jlih BHKonaHun Tpeua bh;hth neraiino enepriilum aaxoais, ae aaayioiH rpomeii' ; 
2. B i s h i t upo saipaiy snow on,Horo MiJiiona pyfl.i,, n i,\- 
nymeHoro aruHO n. 1 D,boro npnnncy 3 a.ooa,neflHaji Konifi : a) nooaja Haia.itHHKa 
Hfrada Tojiobh. Bia. 21. HHCTonaaa 1918. p. i d) S0Enafl,a aoro bia 23. flncToira^a 
c. p. HaKa3yjo, 3 orasiy Ha ocodansy TaemmcTL Bctoro nboro flHCTysanHir, nepeto- 
BysaTii iloro b oco6jihbo Taeanony nopaaKOBi. BianiT nifljaj;ae npea'aB.iennio Iloae- 
BO«y KoiiTpoaeBi mesa nepmol floro Biraoru. Opifiaaji noro jciKJiasy sij 23. jiii- 
crona^a iait caso. BiftctKOBiifi MiHicip Tenep.-JiaBT. Ill, y a, k o fi. OaepisaB 
9. X1L 1918." 

15. 1! jm ofljorn Kalsa pecnydjinKancuciiM niiicLKoit KuTb yaaasB 3 ceCe Bate 
He cto.ihd;io yKpaSuctKo! .HepM&BH, a „vd,ib ropoaoB'b pyccKHXT," — raiaAO sce- 
pociiiciKoI peaKD,ifiHo-»onapiBiuoi 3rpa'i. Ilo bjjiuu;hx po3ry.iKmaim AoCpoBOJiBiectKi 
o$nn,epci.Ki spyaiHHu ; Ha roJOBnimux dyAHHKax po3uiBajiHCL TpiosKOJioposi pociii- 
cbki npaiiopn. J'o.iOBiioloMaaAyjoiiBn' aodponojifc , 'ecLKUMH i reTtBanciKnim BiiktKaMH 
fcfiepa.i l.V.wep iibjibbcb rocnoAapes micTa i „yKpaiHCj>KQi ^ep/KaBa". B cboix aa- 
Ka3ax ia BiAOSBax n,efi n icTnBBo-pyccKii" Hineiy. uoacnaB CBoeity BoxaciBy i ,,o6h- 
BaTe.iaM u , bio aisiKoro YKpaiHn.Koro ttapofly nesae, nto e liiiKii ,,oahh , l pyccKifi 
napoAT>" i iepe3 a,e noBumia 6yra tLiikh o^ua xepHcaBa — 'oaho „BejtHKoe PyccKoe 
PocyAapcTBO". U^od nwiaflLOpaTH xoh xpoxn „pyeeKoe aacejeaie Kiesa' 1 , reTtjraH- 
CbKe npaBiiTeiLCTEo hhlio Ha nojiiTU'tauii inaHraac : oro.iomyBa.io CKjaaem MiflicTpoi 
BHyTpiuifiix cnpaB KLcthkobclkhb ieju(paHii (,,3 Ojecu") npo upuxifl Ha yKpainy 
co»3Horo anTanTctKoro BiHctKa ta upo uoBHuii posrpoji BiScixa il,iipeKTopi!. 

InTcpecno, m,o kojjh 14. ri)yaBa (naa Be^iip) peBoarou,ifiHe bIEclko BCTy- 
hhjto jo Ka'iBa, A 0( >poB0.ibtii oi|>Hn,epcbKi OTpnja sUnpuja no mix 3 Ky-ieaeiia, poa- 
cTauenitx na aaxax fiyflHHKiB, cipinLOy. llopyi s c,hm OTpa^ aojioionoroHniiKiB ma 
KoaanxoB feHepajia K e a n £ p a noian cipinaTii b lactmiy yKpa'iHCLKOro siilcLKa, n;o 
mipiro, ;i KimxaiBCaiBSH uaTOBnos pajtiw^oro aapoaj niixoiaiio no XpenaTHKy 
so Gya,HHny MificbKol JIjuh. 111,0 pyKOBoaa-io hiijjh 3J0tHHHUMH, HiiHJt HeoupaB- 
saiimra npoBaKHifiDHMii BiictyiiasiH aoopoBOjmis, aeBijoio, BaoiKOBUieiii Ix, fen. 
Kennep, (SyB niauia^e p03CTpLiffHaft yKpaJacbKBun Koaasaaa. 









3MICT III TOMY. 



__ 



PoBfliJt I. 

TeTtMaHciKHf nepeBopoi. cio u tKK 

1. ^BMSopn" reiEMana i reTisaacLKi ^aaKOHK" npo ^epKasHHil ycipiS 
yKpaiHH. — 2. yKpa'iHCBKa fleKoKparia i nepeBopOT (^opMyBanna rett- 
HaECtKoro npaBHTeaiCTBa). — 3. 'lopue cbsto : ryumfi noxopoH peBOJ]Kin,i"i 
i BwaHOBJieHHa jHKTaiypa fiypaiyaaii (3*13^ ^a^eris" i n npoTo|icoBB.LB") 3—32; 

PosAiji II. 

3fliHCHeHHH sHKiaiypa noMimHiia i sanixajiiOTiB. 

4. JIiiffeiiipHi saaBii feHepaaa CKopona^ctitoro i fioro npaBUTcjtcTsa. — 

5. 3HBCieHffa rpoaa^cLKiix i nojriTuiaiix caofiij; (aa^yicenna npecn i no- 
ninmBBil Tepop). — 6. Po3ron ftesoKpaTHTOUX opi'aniB easoBps^yBaHHs — 
3encTB i iyn i peeTaBpanjfl fiypscyasuax n.eH30BHX canoBpHsj-Bani. — 
7. IlepeciUyBauiiH xa BUMopioBaflfln roaojtOM pofiiTiiBEjBa i pyaxyittHS 
eKOBOMUimoro jkuttb yKpaiaii. — 8. JIoi(im,un,tKa „3eKejn,na petjiopua", 
KaTyBamm ceaaacTBa i cejuancmi noBCTaniiH, — 9. YupaiHctKa apii'ma 
6ypacya3is fie aa fBaai (sacByBaHnn yKpainciKoro Hai?ioHajiiHO-JI,epa£aB- 

Horo Co»3y) 32-69 

POBffiijI III. 

MocKOBCBKi HamoHajiicTH Ha yjcpa'JHi i reTtMaHCBKHfi ypan, 

(Bopoitda jifiox Kyaityp i ffBOx aepacaBHHX i^eB Ha yKpalai), 

10. PociBciKa fiypaiya3iB i jenoKpaiiji CKpin.nojoTL cboT naHyjo>ri pyeiiijnKa- 
TopcLKi no3Hu,i'i iia yKpa'iui (3acDyianHH „Pyccsaro Coro3a"). — 11. yspalna 
daa B$HTpox BcepocJHCBKo'i KOHTp-poBOJifOBU'i (opfaai3aa,iir fiopoTtou 3a 
Bifl.6yA"By cjjhboi Pocii) 70-79" 

PosAiJi IV. 

YKpaiHCiEa geMOBpa-ria b uaei reTinaHmEBH (raKTaaa apaBHn,i it niuini). 

12. IlepeTBopeEBa yjtpaiHCBKoro Han,ioHa3BHO-,II,epjKaBHoro Corcsy b J'Kpa- 
InciKHS Han,ionaJttnuit Cok>3, yro.iOBCTBO. — 13. Jlo3HU,in i TaKTHiea 
nisol (peBOjnon;ifiHoi) 'sacTHan ReMOKpaiil 79 — 101 

PoafliJT V. 

reTtMaBmHHa nepen, aarHOijum. 

14. IIorjiiifijieHflji peaien.ii, — 15. yitpalncBKa .neBOKpaTHnaa xepacaoa to 
'peaKn,iBna B BenuKan Poccia" ? (Kpi3a KafiiiteTy). — 16. HepeMora „gin- 
H01 Beno^ijiiHoi seJiHKOi Pocii" (yciynjieHHa Koajiin,iHHoro Kafiiaety ; rpa- 
BOTa feaep. Caopona;iCBKorQ npo i[>cxepan,iio yKpa'iaa 3 MocKOBBtHHOio). 
— 17. ILiaaa jiiaBiAaiiii reitiiaHHUiHii 101—127 

P03ffiJT VI. 
IIoBaaeHHa RHETaiypn noMimHEiB i EaniTajiicTiB. 

18. TIpaBHB;a yKpa"inctKoI aentoKparil pimae 3(5poHno BBeiymiiH npom 
reTbMaHmjjHH. BuSopn .HiipeKiopil yHP. — 19. HanjoHMBBa i coEiflJiiBO- 
eKOBOBUTiHa n.iHT$opHa JiapesTopi'i. — 20. ]i,o 3fipo'i ! — 21. Pocejibji 
Huien,[.KO'i apsiii i 3flo0yna Kiiea 127 — -141 

flo^aTKB ro teKCiy §§ I— 15 142 — 159