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OUTH 
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EST 
ES 



FRIC 
FRIK 




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WALViS BAY 




CAPE TOWN- 



EAST LONDON 
Dftf ELIZABETH 



) BANKING SERVICER 



In addition to the safety and convenience of personal banking accounts the 
Bank offers niany other services and has world-wide banking connections for 
business and travel requirements. The Bank's COMMERCIAL SERVICE 
DEPARTMENT, P.O. Box 40, CAPE TOWN, is a clearing house of the latest 
local and overseas trading information and welcomes and deals expeditiously 
with all manner of enquiries. A monthly commentary on South and East 
African business affairs, in English or Afrikaans, is available on application. 



OVER 400 BRANCHES AND AGENCIES IN AFRICA. 



THE 



STANDARD BANK 



OF SOUTH AFRICA, LIMITED 

ESTABLISHED 1862. 




On all your travels follow the Flying Red Horse, 
is the sign of Vacuum Products and Vacuum Service. 
Available to you everywhere. Always ask for — 

PEGASUS PETROL MOBILOIL 
MOBILGREASE 

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VACUUM OIL COMPANY OF SOUTH AFRICA, LIMITED 




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THE SOUTH WEST AFRICA ANNUAL, 1947 



'/ 



Foreword 



Wc have pleasure in presenting to you the 1947 Edition of the South West Africa Annual. 

At the same time wc ask you to condone the delay in publication caused by the still parlous state of the printing 
industry, with its shortages of man power, machinery and materials — a position peculiar not only to our Territory 
but also to the Union of South Africa and the lands beyond our shores. 

We make no apology for stressing, without comment, in this issue, both pictorially and in the written word, the 
"black" aspect of our Territory. » 

South West Africa is apparently a mote in U.N.O.'s eye and wc hope that this issue of our Annual will in some 
small way bring about a better appreciation by the members of the United Nations Organisation of our problems. 

Wc trust that this larger and improved issue will merit the praise showered upon its predecessors, not only by our 
own people in South West Africa and in South Africa but also by those kind and interested people in lands across the 
seas. 

Wc thank you. The Editors. 



DIE SUIDWES-AFRIKA JAARBOEK, 1946 



Voorwoord 



Met genoce bied ons 'n die 1947 uitgawc van Die Suidwes-Afrika Jaarboek aan. 

Terselfdertyd vra ons 11 om die oponthoud van hierdic publikasie oor die hoof tc sien. Dit is vcroorsaak deur 
die slegte toestand van die drukkersbedryf met sy tekort aan man nek rag, masjineric en materiaal, 'n vrccmde en 
eienaardige posisie, nie alleen in die Gebied nie, maar 00k in die Unie van Suid-Afrika en landc oor see. 

Ons bied gecn apologie aan dcur sonder kommentaar, die „swart" aspek van ons Gebied, beide deur portrette en 
die geskrewe woord, in hierdie uitgawe te bcklcmtoon nie. 

Suidwes-Afrika is blykbaar 'n doring in V.V.O. se oe en ons vcrtrou dat hierdie uitgawe van ons Jaarblad in 
geringc mate 'n bcter waardering by die lede van die V.V.O. tewceg sal bring in verband met ons probleme. 

Ons vertrou dat hierdie groter en vcrbctcrde uitgawc die lof wat sy voorgangers gekry het, nie alleen deur ons 
cie mense in Suidwes-Afrika en Suid-Afrika nie, maar 00k dcur daardie goeie en gcinteressecrde mense in lande oor 
die see, sal regverdig. 

Ons dank u. Die Editeurs. 



COHTENTS - IVJiOUD 



PAGK/ 
HIjAOSY 



ADMINISTRATOR'S FOREWORD 5 

VOORWOORD DEUR DIE ADMINISTRATED 7 

THE GOVERNMENT 9 

HERE THE BLACK MAN LIVES IN PEACE n 

TAXATION IN A NUTSHELL 25 

VAN DIE DORRE WOESTYN NA DIE GRASVLAKTE 31 

THEY INHABITED THE WHOLE WORLD 39 

KAAP KRUIS, SIMBOOL VAN AVONTUUR EN ONTDEKKING 45 

HORSE-BREEDING PROSPECTS IN S.W.A 53 

AANMOEDIGING VIR SETLAARS IN S.W.A 57 

WALVIS BAY 61 

DIE BANKWESE EN SY VERWANTE INRIGTINGS 75 

CATTLE BREEDING IN S.W.A 79 

IN SEARCH OF MONOMOTAPO 89 

PLAYGROUND OF THE TERRITORY-SWAKOPMUND ... 99 
SATISFACTORY CONDITION OF LAMBSKIN INDUSTRY ... 101 

A LONELY WATER PLACE IN THE KALAHARI 109 

CENSUS STATISTICS 121 

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS 123 

THE VOYAGE OF THE "THEODORA" ...127 



a r • r • ••« 



• ••*•.. •• •-• 

* * « * •*• ••• ' • 

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orvron? 



Throughout Southern Africa new 
horizons, opened up by the ex pan* 
a ion of primary production , indus- 
try and trade* beckon to the leaders 
of commerce. In step with the 
times, this Bank continues to provide up-to- 
date banking facilities as it has done for over 
a century. Its branch system extends to every 
town of importance in Southern Africa and its 
world-wide organisation of branches and agents 
is at the service of the public. 



BARCLAYS BANK 
(DOMINION, COLONIAL 

AND OVERSEAS) 



S.W.A. Annual, 7947 



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PREFACE 

.By His Honour 
The Administrator 



S 1 



Col. P. I. Hoogenhout 

INCE last years issue of the S.W.A. Annual the eyes of the world have 
been focussed on this Territory as never before in its history. The 
deliberations of the U.N.O. Conference at Lake Success in regard to 
the future of South West Africa and the decisions arrived at are well-known 
and I do not propose to dwell on this aspect of the matter. However, I 
consider it necessary once again to emphasise that the wishes of the great 
!; majority of the people of South West Africa --European as well as non- 

European — have been ignored by these decisions, and it must be borne in 
mind that the memorials which requested incorporation in the Union, were 
voluntarily signed and forwarded to the Union Authorities. No compulsion 
! whatever was used in any way. 



DESPITE a very severe drought the financial position of the Territory 
remains sound and a substantial surplus is again expected, which will 
enable the Administration to proceed with its building programme 
and undertake and complete many essential services. 



l r T m 1HE South West Africa Annual supplies a longfelt want, and makes 
j 1 an earnest effort to enlighten the public on South West Africa 

j conditions. And when I mention the public, I am referring more 

; particularly to the public beyond our borders, for it is surprising how little the 

, people of the Union and elsewhere k now about this Territory. 



j TT HOPE that the Annual will help in large measure to remedy this state 

j I / of affairs. 

Windhoek, S.W. A. 

<! 

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\prinqbok 

CIGARETTES 
AND TOBACCO 



S.W.A. Annual, lytf 



»»»»^»^^^^»»^ »»^^^»^^«P^^^»«»»^^^^^^^^^»«** *»^* + ++''' ) 



r ? .N spytc van 'n ongefende droogte bly die finansiele toe stand van 
Suidwes-Afrika gesond en sal die boekjaar weer met 'n aansienli\e 
surplus sluit, en die Administrasie in stoat stel om met sy bouprogram 
voort te gaan en ander noodsaak}i\c dienste aan te pa\ en te voltooi. 

DIE S.W.A. ]aarboe\ voorsien in 'n Uinggevoelde behoefte. Dit wend 
'n ernstige poging aan om die publie\ oor Suid we s- Africa se aange-. 
leenthede in te lig. En wanneer e\ praat van die publie\ bedoel e\ 
veral die publicly buite ons grense, want dis werk}i\ verbasend hoe weinig 
Xennis mense uit die Unie van Suidwes-Afrika dra, om nie eers van die 
buitewereld te gewaag nie. 



E 



} K spreek^ die hoop uit dat die ]aarboe\ sal bydra om hierdie toestand 
van sa\c te verhelp. 

Windhoek S.W.A. 



VOORWOORD 

! 

I 

Deur Sy Edele 
Die Administrateur ! 

Kol. P. I. Hoogenhout 

5EDERT verlede jaar se uitgawe van die S.W.A. jaarboel( is die oog van \ 

die wereld op hierdie Gebied gerig soos nog nooit van te vore nie. Die | 

beraadslagings op die V.V.O. Konferensie te Laks Success in verband \ 

met die tockpms van Suidwes-Afrika en die verloop van sa\e aldaar is wereld- I 
nuus geword en derhalwe wil e\ nie verdcr hieroor uitwei nie. Maar el( 

din\ tog dis weereens nodig om daarop te wys dat die wense van die groot \ 

meerderheid van die bevoll^ing — blanks sowel as nie-blankes — deur die j 

V.V.O. besluite verontagsaatn is. En die memories wat inly wing by die ! 
Unie gevra het was vrywillig ondcrtekjn en aan die Unie *voorgele. Geen 

dwang van waiter aard oo\ is op enige persoon of inboorlingstam uitgeoefen ' 
nie. 



< » +mmm\++m*m+ +m ++mm m m +m mm+mm++m+mmmmrmmmm+++m++mm ^^ m\+) & mmmm+m+++mmmmmmm++**++>+*m*<m+m+++4*+++4 



X 

1 



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LUDWIG SCHROEDER 



Sole Representative in South West Africa of 



x 

| WINDHOEK. P.O. Box 491 

X 

1 

X 

1 

X 



X 

1 

x Depots at : 

J SWAKOPMUND, WALVIS BAY, WINDHOEK, KEETMANSHOOP 

1 and LUDERITZ 

x 

111 

X 

1 

X 

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X 

II 

X 



Head Office: SWAKOPMUND 

Cables and Telegrams to all Branches: "ELLESS" 



H 

X 

I 

X 

I 

X 

I 



Indent Agent and Importer \ 



I 

x 

« 

X 

HP 

I VARIOUS SOUTH AFRICAN & OVERSEAS 

I MANUFACTURERS i 

i £ 

X ■ 

I ■ .. — _ I 

2 HOLDER OF IMPORTERS' AND GENERAL DEALERS' LICENCES x 



I 

X 

1 



1 Offices and Sample Rooms at : | 

SWAKOPMUND, P.O. Box 80 I 



LUDERITZ, P.O. Box 33 

I OTJIWARONGO, P.O. Box 60 

! KEETMANSHOOP, P.O. Box 16 r 



X 

1 

X 

I 

X 

III 

X 

III! 

X 

III! 

X 

III 

X 



Enquiries Invited from Overseas Manufacturers | 



S.W.A. Annual, 1947 




Government House, the residence of the Administrator of South 

West Africa, nestles in a tropical setting of palm trees and 

beautiful gardens. 



Die Goewernements-huis. die verblyfplek van die Administrateur 

van S.W.A., is pragtig gelee in 'n tropiese gedeelte van palmbome 

en pragtige tuine. 



THE GOVERNMENT 



Administrator: Col. the Hon. P. I. Hoogenhout. 

Executive Committee: The Administrator (Chairman); 
Col. J. L. Hamman, D.S.O., M.L.A.; M. J. Kritzingcr, 
Esq., M.L.A.; Cdt. C. H. B. Obcrholzer, M.L.A.; 
L. C. F. Taljaard, Esq., M.L.A. 

Advisory Council: The Administrator (Chairman); the 
four Members of the Executive Committee and C. G. 
Courtney Clarke, Esq.; Cdt. J. C. Joostc, M.L.A. ; and 
A. A. le Roux, Esq. (Official representing native 
affairs). 

legislative Assembly: A. J. Bestcr (Grootfontein); N. C. 
Frascr (nominated; Chairman); Col. P. }. Hamman, 
D.S.O. (Otjiwarongo); Capt. P. J. Hamman (nomin- 
ated); J. I). Herholdt (nominated); A. C. Janse van 
Rcnsburg (nominated); Cdt. J. C. Jooste (Gibeon); 
M. J. Kritzingcr (Windhoek Central); J. D. Lardner- 



Burke (nominated); S. W. J. Louw (nominated); J. P. 
dc M. Nichaus (Okahandja); Cdt. C. H. B. Ober- 
holzer (Warmbad); L. C. F. Taljaard (Windhoek 
district); G. J. van der Mcrvve (Deputy Chairman; 
Gobabis); J. J. van der Wcsthuizen (Keetmanshoop); 
N. J. P. van der Wcsthuizen (Swakopmund); J. L. 
van Zyl (Ludcritz); D. J. Visser (Stampriet). 

DEPARTMENTAL BRANCHES. 

(Under local Administration): 

Secretariat; Justice (including High Court and Magis- 
tracies); Public Health; Education; Works (including 
Roads); Agriculture; Lands; Deeds; Surveys; Mines; Native 
Affairs; Posts, Telegraphs and Telephones; Audit; Customs 
and Excise; Prisons and Reformatories. 
(Under Union Government): 

South African Railways and Harbours; Police. 



S.W.A. Annual, 1947 




resfone 

THE SOUTH AFRICAN TYRE 



New 8-Rib 

Safti-Grip 

Tread 

Only Firestone gives you these 
advantages ;- 

Provides a maximum nan -skid surface 

— 60% more non-skirl angles, 

II ears longer than any other tyre flue 

to the wider, flatter tread made from 

Vitamiv Rubber~Z2% extra mileage. 

The new safti-lock* guni-tlip/wd cord 

body gives you extra protect ion 

against blowouts. 

Entirely nete rlesign gives you a 

softer* safer ride. 



J*M ^ 



10 



S IV. A. Annual, /9-/7 



HERE THE BLACK MAN LIVES EST PEACE 
- AND LIVES EXCEEDING WELL 



Tlx Okavango Territory 



r JHHE Okavango Native Territory is a large Ovambo 
Reserve, situate in the North Eastern portion of the 
Grootfontein district. It is 12,400 square miles in extent, 
and has a frontage of 248 miles on the mighty Okavango 
river. Thirty-four miles of river frontage were excluded 
from the Reserve by the Administration for certain reasons, 
but that portion of what was known as the western 
Caprivi; Zipfel lying on the right bank of the Okavango 
river was included. The Okavango Native Territory was 
proclaimed by Proclamation No. 32 of 1937, for the ex* 
elusive use by Ovambos, and the land may never be 
expropriated. 

The Territory is divided up into five tribal areas, and 
these are administered by the hereditary Chiefs, according 
to their ancient Law and Custom. These Chiefs are 
empowered to deal with all matters arising in their res- 
pective tribal areas, but their jurisdiction in regard to 
capital offences was withdrawn sometime after the occupa- 
tion of South West Africa by the Union Troops in 191 5. 
I: has been proved that this system of administration is 
ideal in a large isolated Native area, since the Natives 
understand it, and it also allows them to retain the ancient 
rights and privileges which their ancestors possessed. 

The Territory is controlled by a Native Commissioner, 
whose principal duty is to direct and advice the Chiefs, to 
keep the Country peaceful and quiet, and to initiate such 
works which will improve the social and economic condi- 
tions of the Natives in his charge. He has done this for 
many years, in spite of the fact that he has no Police 
assistance, and that the Natives arc still in possession of 
the firearms they had in 1915. 

The seat of the Administration is ;it Runtu, situate on 
the river bank on a high sand dune, 235 miles from the 
township of Grootfontein. It is interesting to relate that 
the Runtu site was selected as far back as 191 1, by a 
German Medical Officer, Doctor Graf, as a most suitable 
spot for a German Government station, and that without 
knowing of this, the same site was chosen by the present 
Native Commissioner, Mr. Harold Eedes, in June 1932. 
The old German Doctor visualised a Government station 
on the high dune overlooking the Okavango river, and 




Ukuanyama— a young matron. 
Ukuanyama— 'n Jong hultirou. 



this came into being in September, 1936, when the present 
stat'pn was completed and occupied by Mr. and Mrs. Eedes. 

To-day Runtu station is one of the most picturesque, 
and is complete with buildings, a water supply system, 
radio station, trading store and aerodrome. Suitable motor 



S.W.A. Annual, 1947 



11 



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"WISPECO" 



Steel Windows 

Steel Doors 

Steel Door Jambs 

Manufacturers : 
WIRE INDUSTRIES, STEEL PRODUCTS & ENGINEERING CO., LTD. 

SOME REASONS WHY YOU SHOULD ALWAYS USE THEM: 

The Quality of "Wispeco*' Steel Windows and Doors is unsur- 
passed — they are supplied complete with all fittings, ready for 
building in. The Production Range of "Wispeco" Steel Windows 
and Doors is sufficiently wide to meet every purpose, Taste, 
Utility, etc. "Wispeco" Steel Windows and Doors offer jyermanent 
service under S.W.A. climatic conditions; they operate satisfac- 
torily in summer and winter and are free from deterioration by 
termites, etc. "Wispeco" Steel Windows combine perfect 
appearance with Dependability and Price Economy. 

For further information and supplies please apply to your dealers or direct 
to the factory representatives for S.W.A. 

SOUTH WEST ASBEST-CEMENT COMPANY 



P.O. Box 148 



WINDHOEK 



Phone 624 



'i 
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12 



S.W.A. Annual, jg^j 



The Okavango Territory 



roads connect it to Grootfontcin and Tsumcb, and to all 
important points w'thin the Territory. 

There are ten Mission stations in the Territory, all 
situate at various distances apart. The Finnish Missionaries 
operate from Kuring Kuru, Lupala and Mupini, and the 
Roman Catholic Missionaries from Tondoro, Haisisera, 
Sambusu, Ruga, Utokota, Nyangana and Andara. While 
the Missionaries have built beautiful stations, churches and 
gardens, especially at Nyangana and Andara. they have 
not been able to influence the Natives to build a type of 



being submitted to the Native Commissioner from time to 
time. There is, therefore, no danger of the Natives being 
exploited. 

The Okavango Native Territory is inhabited by five 
kindred tribes of Ovambos, viz.; the Kuangari, Bunja, 
Sambio, Dirko and Mbukushu, and the total population 
is 5,644 men, 5,849 women, 4,630 male children and 4,356 
female children. By some strange freak o5 Nature, the sexes 
are nearly balanced. The Territory is also inhabited by a 
number of semi-tame Bushpeople, who total 702 men, 728 
women and 634 children. The Administration is at present 
considering ways and means of bringing all the Bushpeople, 
the semi-tame and the w'dd — there are approximately 3,000 




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Drinking water is drawn from deep holes— the water bucket is 
passed from hand to hand up to the drinking troughs. 



Drinkwater word vanuit diep gate uitgetrek. Die wateremmer 
word van hand tot hand oorhandig tot by die waterbakke. 



European dwelling, or to cultivate vegetables and other 
products in the European manner. 

There is only one trading store, mm\ this is situate at 
Runtu on Government ground. It is a non-profit concern 
conducted by the South West Africa Native Labour Asso- 
ciation on a concession basis. Employees arc paid a fixed 
salary or wage, and prices are strictly controlled, price-lists 



i)f the latter— under a system of Administration which will 
be similar to that under which the Natives live. 

Although the Natives own 30,335 head of large stock, 
1,076 pigs, 63 horses, 418 donkeys and 3,010 goats, they 
must be regarded as Agriculturists, not pastoral people. 
They maintain large lands or fields in the Okavango river 
valley, or along certaji Omurambas (dry water courses), 



S.W. A. Annual, ipf? 



13 



ao the iyte 




TYRES 

CAR : TRUCK : BUS : TRACTOR : AERO 
CYCLE : ANIMAL DRAWN VEHICLE : 



MOTOR CYCLE : 
WHEELBARROW 



W* 



***** 



m*» 



WHEEL EQUIPMENT 

Rims : Wheels : Hubs : Axles : Brake Equipment 

ACCESSORIES 

Motor i Motor Cycle : Cycle : Garage Equipment 

SPORTS EQUIPMENT 

renojs, Squash and Badminton Rackets : Tennis. Golf and Squash 

Ball* : IHdrninton Shuttles : Racket Presses : Gut : Tennis 

Nets ; Part Boards : Hockey Sticks : Bowls : Gy rnnasiuni 

Mats i Soccer and Rugby Bladders. 

FOOTWEAR 

Sports and Holiday Shoes s Industrial Boots j Gum Boots : Sole* and 

Heel ft 

GARMENTS 

Sports Trousers : Sports Jackets : Waterproof Golf Jackets and 
Trousers Ruhberless and Late* proofed Rainwear. 

BELTING 

Conveyor : Tran amission : Y-Belta 

HOSE 

Mining : Industrial : Garden 

SEMTEX FLOORING 
DUNLOPILLO LATEX FOAM CUSHIONING 

Cushions — Transport und Domestic : Mattresses : Hospital Equipment 

HOSPITAL & SURGICAL REQUISITES 

Gloves : Hot water Bottles : Cushion a ; Sheetings t etc, 

GENERAL RUBBER GOODS 

Rubber Gloves : Suede Fabrics for Bookbinding^ etc : Concentrated 
Latex ; Tyre Retreading Supplies : Moulded Rubber Products 



DUNLOP 

DUNLOP SOUTH AFRICA LIMITED 




U 



S.W.A. Annual, 7947 



The Okavango Territory 



and grow millet in large quantities. This is their staple 
diet, but it is supplemented by kafTircorn, mealies, beans, 
ground-nuts, melons, pumpkins, and some sweet-potatoes. 
Veld-kos, in main varieties, is also available, the most 
important being the Manketti Nut, which contains a high 
percentage of valuable oil. 

The land is fertile, and bumper crops of the different 
foodstuffs are produced practically every year, with very 
little effort on the part or the Natives. The river has an 
abundant, and never failing supply, of tish which are 
caught by hook and line, trapped or netted. 

Not having had to strive for anything, the Natives 
unfortunately degenerated to some extent, became improvi- 




Thc women with their baskets of corn patiently await their 
husbands' return. 



Die vrouens met hulle mandjies vol koring wag geduldig op .die 
koms van hulle mans. 




• : ; 




of poU of beer are brought at festive occasions. 
S.W..1. Annual, 1947 



m vi& ^snHHII Hi 

Honderde potte bier word gebring tydens feestelike geleenthede. 

15 



88SSS 



THE CONSOLIDATED DIAMOND MINES 
OF SOUTH WEST AFRICA. LIMITED. 



(Incorporated in the Union of South Africa) 



CAPITAL £5,240,000 

In 4,500,000 l l /z% Cumulative Preference Shares of 10/- each, of which 4,480,000 shares are issued and 
fully paid, and in 5,980,000 Ordinary Shares of 10/ -each, of which 5,500,000 shares are issued and fully 

paid. 

DIRECTORS : 

Sir ERNEST OPPENHEIMER, Chairman. 

Dr. A. G. W. COMPTON, M.C. ; Alternate: D. McHARDY. 

Moj.-Gen. I. P. DE VILLIERS, C.B.. M.C. (alternate K. C. ACUTT.) 

E. H. FARRER, C.M.G. (alternate J. Boyd.) 

L. OPPENHEIMER; Alternate: A. C. WILSON. 

R. F. P. PHILIPSON STOW; Alternate: H. F. OPPENHEIMER. 

H. P. RCJDD; Alternate: H. F. LARDNER BURKE, D.S.O., M.C, V.D. 

Sir HERBERT STANLEY, G.C.M.G. 

LONDON COMMITTEE: 

H. CLARIDGE; W\ DUNKELS; R. H. OPPENHEIMER. 
Manager: C. P. A. LOU WRENS. 
Secretaries: IMmberley and London: DE BEERS CONSOLIDATED MINES, LIMITED. 

CONSULTING ENGINEERS AND GEOLOGISTS: 

ANGLO-AMERICAN CORPORATION OF SOUTH AFRICA, LIMITED. 
Local Secretary at Orangemouth : K. M. MACLENNAN. 

REGISTERED OFFICES: 

Head Office 36, STOCKDALE STREET, KIMBERLEY. 

London Transfer Office 15, ST. SWITHIN'S LANE, LONDON, E.C.4. 

Johannesburg Transfer Office 44, MAIN STREET, JOHANNESBURG. 



MINING PROPERTY 

The Company was formed in 1919 to acquire and consolidate the nghts and property of various individual pro- 
ducers who had conducted operations in South West Africa prior to 1914. The fields exploited by the Company 
extend from the north bank of the Orange River in the south to 26 degrees south latitude in the north. The western 
boundary is formed by the Atlantic Ocean, the eastern limit being a line 100 kilometres inland and parallel to the sea 
coast. This area is known as the Sperrgebiet. Prior to 1930, the Company's principal mining operations were con- 
ducted at Kolmanskop and Elizabeth Bay, where large mechanical treatment plants had been erected. Operations 
were later changed to the southern part of the Company's mining area near the coast at Bogenfels and near the coast 
immediately to the north of the Orange River, the latter workings being known as Area G, and towards the end of 
1945 a start was made on working the remaining reserves at Elizabeth Bay, which reveal a considerable caratage but 
a poor yield. In Area G, systematic prospecting operations have disclosed the existence of extensive deposits of 
payable diamondiferous gravel in the form of Marine terraces in which the diamonds arc much larger and more 
valuable than those previously exploited in the northern part of the Company's fields. 

MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS 

The Company is a member of the Diamond Producers' Association, a body formed {inter alia) for the regulation 
and control of the marketing of rough diamonds. The other members of the Association are the Government of the 
Union of South Africa, the Administrator of the Mandated Territory of South West Africa, exercising his functions 
in regard to the marketing and sale of diamonds produced in the Territory by the Company, De Beers Consolidated 
Mines, L'mited, and the Diamond Corporation, Limited. The Diamond Producers' Association disposes of gem 
diamonds of its members to the Diamond Trading Company, Limited, and industrial diamonds to Industrial Distri- 
butors (1946) Linrted, a Company formed to market industrial diamonds, which, for purposes of sale, have been 
entirely separated from gem diamonds. The Diamond Corporation has contracts with the principal foreign producers 
in Africa for the purchase of their production, and these diamonds arc likewise disposed of through the Diamond 
Producers' Association, the Diamond Trading Company, Limited, and Industrial Distributors (1946), Limited. 



16 S.W.A. Annual, 79^7 



The Okavango Territory 



dent, and paid more attention to sexual matters than to 
the question of their betterment, and that of the country 
generally. Due to efforts on the part of the Native Com- 
missioner, a system of Tribal Trust Fund grain storage in 
specially constructed silos has been introduced, and many 
of the Natives have been taught to use ploughs instead of 
the ancient hoe. One thousand six hundred and ninety-six 
ploughs have been imported and sold since 1932, with the 
result that many of the fields are being improved by the 
removal of tree stumps, and bigger crops are being reaped 
every year. 

The use of ploughs has also taught the Natives the 
value of oxen. In the long past, most of the bull calves 
were slaughtered soon after being dropped, as the owners 
did not see why, to them then, a useless animal should be 
allowed to live and consume milk which they required 
themselves. 

The Natives are allowed to shoot game without licences, 
with the exception of elephant, rhino, hippo and giraffe, 
for which permits, which are seldom given, must be 
specially obtained. Those who do not possess breech load- 
ing rifles, use their ancient muzzle loaders, and achieve 
some success. Certain small quantities of gunpowder, 
ammunition and percussion caps are sold by the Native 
Commissioner to those Natives who register their firearms 
in his office. 

The right to shoot game was granted to the tribes, in 

accordance with ancient privilege, and to enable them to 

augment and vary their food supply. Game is plentiful 
and is not likely to be shot out by the Natives most of 

whom are poor shots and indifferent hunters. All the 

firearms are registered, and these total 857, most of them 
being of the muzzle loader type. 



Young Ovambo woman with plaits made from fibre of the palm >^~ 




tree. 



'*rt* 



: v 



'n Jong Ovambo-vrou met vlegeele gemaak van vesels van die 

palmboom. '» .** 






>--*. - *- 




S.W.A. Annual, 194J 



17 





tiiimiHtmitwiiiiiiiniiiWiiiiiiiiiKmiaWi 



TIMES CHANGE 

BUT.. . The " Old Mutual" is your Friend for Life 

Cape Town has changed its appearance greatly since van Riebeeck landed at the 
Cape of Good Hope in the year 1652. 

You may live to see greater changes and end your days in quiet and peaceful old 
age; but no man is sure that he will not be called away unexpectedly. With an 
"Old Mutual" Policy you can protect your family against unexpected disaster, and 
yourself against need in the sunset years, should you reach retiring age. 

Invest in an "Old Mutual" policy now; there is one to suit \our circumstances 
exactly. We will be glad to give you fuller details on request. 

For further information apply: 

THE SOUTH AFRICAN MUTUAL LIFE ASSURANCE SOCIETY 



Head Office : Mutual Building-, Darling Street, Cape Town 



•2<m 



18 



5. W.A. Annual, /yjj 



The Okarango Territory 



Another source or." food supply is natural kaiTir-bcer, 
made from katlircorn. Except in times of grain shortage, 
the Natives are allowed to brew as much beer as they 
wish, and although hundreds of thousands ot gallons are 
consumed every year, there is comparatively little drunken- 
ness amongst the tribes from th'js drink. For obvious 
reasons, the tapping ot palm trees and bushes, and the 
distilling of spirit from wild fruits, is strictly prohibited, 
and severe measures are taken against any offenders by the 
responsible Chiefs. 





This Oram bo baby hat simplicity as the motif of his dress. 

Hierdie Ovam bo-babe tjie het eenvoud as die molief van sy 
kleredrag. 



A donkey laden with "olukula." A wood-colouring which they 

fetch from the faraway Oshimpolo veld. The wood is crushed 

and the red coloured powder mixed with fat or oil is applied to 

their bodies. 



'n Donkie gelaai met ,,Olukula." Dis n hout-kleursel wat verkry 

word van die verafgelee Oshimpolo veld. Die hout word papge- 

druk en die rooi-gekleurde poeier gemeng met vet of olie word 

aan die liggame gesmeer. 



The Natives live in kraals, all situate in the river 
valley, or along the Omuramhas. The kraals are a collec- 
tion of grass-iookd huts, surrounded bv a wooden stockade, 
or by .1 reed-mat fence. Kach kraal houses several families, 
and is built in a maze, on a similar pattern to the ancient 
workings found in Rhodesia. It contains sleeping apart- 
ments, meeting places, cooking places, a granary, cattle 
kraals, and the necessary number of passages and entrances, 
but there is no system of sanitation. In spite of this one 
drawback, the inmates are always generally healthy, and 
arc certainly happv and contented. The Natives arc polyga- 
mous, and it is not the -'mention to interfere with this 
particular custom in any way. 

The most important industry is the making of reed- 
mats. Reeds, which grow along the river and practically 
cover the banks, are cut and then split with small mallets, 
and are then woven into most useful mats of any size 
required. These mats are used to fence ofT kraals, as walls 
lor huts, and for several other purposes. 

In the distant past, women fashioned and burnt clay 
cooking pots and pitchers, but the advance of European 
colonisation, bringing with it the Storekeeper or Trader, 
has ruined this industry completely. 



5. W.A . Annual, / 947 



19 




L*»^ 



or formal— choose an 



SMARTLY TAILORED MEN'S WEAR 

J. W. MUSHET & CO., LTD. 
Ambassador House, Wesley St., Cape Town 
Telephone 26345/7 P.O. Box 1432 




for leisure wear 



THE SOUTH AFRICAN LIBERAL 
INSURANCE COMPANY LIMITED 

LIFE • ACCIDENT • FIRE 

Head Office: ESCOM HOUSE, RISSIK STREET. JOHANNESBURG 

Branch Office for S. West Africa: KAISER STREET, WINDHOEK 

Provincial Manager: F. SCHILLER 

Chief Agency: LUDWIG SCHROEDER, Swakopmund 

THE COMPANY'S ORGANISATION EXTENDS 
THROUGHOUT SOUTH WEST AFRICA 



20 



S.W.A. Annual, 7947 



Tfx Okavango Territory 



Women continue to make grass baskets and grass 
plates or trays, but the making of wooden drinking cups, 
wooden buckets and wooden meat dishes has also prac 
really died out since the Natives can now obtain tin or 
enamel utensils from the local Trading store. 

Certain Native craftsmen still make canoes or dug-outs, 
from large tree trunks, as canoe transport is extensively 
tarried out on the broad Okavango river. Unfortunately 
for the Natives, the felling of trees is now strictly con- 
trolled, and they are rather too lazy to have to go and 
fashion the canoe deep in the forest, and then haul it to 
the river bank. In the past they felled the large trees 
grow'ng on the river bank, and so destroyed some of the 
beauty of the river and countryside. 

There are many varieties of indigenous timber in the 
Okavango Native Territory, the most valuable being wild 
mahogany and African or Rhodcsian teak. The Natives 
have never made any use of this lovely timber, except for 
canoe construction. 




No daughter of the land may enter into matrimony before having 
pasted througn the "Ohango" ceremony. Preparations for the 
occasion are started weeks ahead; great quantities of beer are 
brewed, and the mothers of the prospective brides compete against 
each other in decorating the young girls (Ovafuko). The actual 
feast lasts for weeks and consists mainly of practically uninter- 
rupted dancing of the "Ovafuko." They dance for days on end 
with only short intervals during which light refreshments are 
handed to them. Woe to the girl who breaks down— she brings 
shame over the heads of the whole family. 

„ Ohango." Oeen dogter van die land mag in die huwelik tree 
voordat sy nie die ,, Ohango "-fees deurgemaak het nie. Reeds 
weke voor die aanvang van die fees word dear groot hoeveelhede 
bier gebrou en die moeders van die aanstaande bruide wedywer 
teen mekaar vir die mooiste bruidsuitrustings vir hul dogters 
(Ovafuko). Die eintlike fees duur weke-lang en bestaan hoof- 
laaklik ait 'n feitlik onafgebroke dans van die „Ovafuko." Dae 
i&neen word gedans met slegs kort tussen-pouses wanneer die 
m ligte verversings geniet. Wee die meidjie wat „ilap" 
word; dit bring 'n skande oor die hele f ami lie. 



The Natives in the Okavango Native Territory arc not 
called upon to pay any taxes. A tribal trust fund was 
established in 1937, and every male of 18 years and over 
is required to pay a levy of 5 ,'- per year. This money is 
not taken by the Administration, but is placed in the Fund 
and used for the general improvement of the Natives, i.e., 




The moulding and burning of earthenware pots is the work of 

women only. These pots are mainly made in Ukuambi where 

the most suitable clay for the purpose is obtainable. 

Die vorming en branding van erdewerk-potte word alleen deur 

vrouens gedoen. Hierdie potte word hoofsaaklik in Ukuambi 

gemaak waar die geskikste klei verkrygbaar is vir die doel. 




Basketwork is also exclusively the work of the women who use 
palm leaves to weave baskets, dishes and plates, articles also 
much sought after by European housewives. 

Mandjiewerk is 00k uitsluitlik die werk van die vrouens. Hulls 

gebruik palmblare om mandjies, skottels en borde te vleg. Sulke 

artikels word 00k gedurig deur Europese huisvrouens gesoek. 



in the purchase of purebred bulls for cattle improvement, 
the maintenance of roads, the construction of grain silos, 
the creation or Free Zones to prevent the spread of stock 
diseases, etc. The Natives understand the position fully, 
;ind willingly pay the levy. There are very few levy 
defaulters, and no trouble has ever been experienced on 
any levy collection tours. 



SW.A. Annual, 7947 



21 



Box I. Phone I. Tel.: "MALYEZO." Codes: Scott'i 10th, Bentley't, A.B.C. 5th, Boe't Lombard. 

MANN, GEORGE & CO 

(S.W.A.) LTD. 

Coal Contractors, Steamship and Forwarding Agents, 

Bonded and Duty-Paid Warehousemen 

Managers : Walvis Bay Stevedores. 

WALVIS BAY 

And at CAPE TOWN and DURBAN. 

MANN, GEORGE & CO. (S.A.) LTD. 

24, St. George's Street, Cape Town, P.O. Box 702. 
96, Point Road, Durban. P.O. Box 1020. 
Telegraphic Address : "Malvezo," both ports. 

Agents for: ^ 

^ THE UNION-CASTLE MAIL STEAMSHIP CO., LTD., 

HOUSTON LINE (LONDON), LTD., 

ANDREW WEIR & CO., 

ELLERMAN & BUCKNALL STEAMSHIP CO., LTD., 

BLUE FUNNEL & SHAW SAVILL JOINT SERVICE, 

THE CLAN LINE STEAMERS LTD., 

** AMERICAN SOUTH AFRICAN LINE INC., ETC. **~ 

LLOYD'S SUB-AGENTS & BRANCH OF DET 

NORSKE VERITAS 

# Correspondents in all parts of the World. 

# All Classes of Insurance Arranged. 

# Suppliers of all kinds of SALT ex our Cape Cross pans. 

# Sole Concessionaires in South West Africa for : SCHWEPPES (S.A.), LTD., 
Mineral Waters. 

Sole Agents in South-West Africa for : 

African Oxygen & Acetylene (Pty.) Ltd. 

Sole Agents for: Transvaal Coal Owners' Association <1923) Ltd. Stocks of Witbank Coal 

always on hand. 

We specialise in Customs and Forwarding. Orders Promptly Executed. Trial Solicited. 



22 



S.W.A. Annual, 7947 




'That bltck Utilt fellow with hit mammle't •yti." 



M Daardie klein knapie met *y tui» \it *i," 




TRADING COP g^ 

WINDHOEK. SOtTr^ ' 



ass; 



*ES- 



4* 



*/c 



TELEPHONE 251 Tl.L. ADO.: "PANAFRIC." P.O. BOX 217 

WHOLESALE 

MERCHANTS 



DISTRIBUTORS OF 



** 



GOLDEN SIORY" 



JAMS 

CANNED FRUIT 

DRIED AND CRYSTALLISED 

AND GLACE 

FRUIT 



24 



S.W.A. Annual, 7947 



Taxation in a Nutshell 



TO KEEP THE 



*T*HE main heads of indirect taxation affecting persons 
are Customs and Excise Duties, Gallon Tax on liquor 
sales and Cigarette and Cigarette Tobacco Sales Tax. In 
addition there are certain direct taxes payable, such as : — 

INCOME TAX : 

This tax is levied on income from sources in South 
West Africa. It consists of a normal tax and a super tax. 

Normal tax is payable by married persons with incomes 
or" over £1,000 and by unmarried persons with incomes of 
over £700. The rate of tax is is. jd. and is. 6d. in the £ 
for married and unmarried persons respectively, increased 
in each case by one one-thousandth of a penny for each 
pound of income, subject to a maximum rate of 3s. and 
3s. 3d. in the £ for married and unmarried persons respec- 
tively. From the tax calculated at these rates there is 
deducted a rebate of £67 (equivalent to tax on £1,000) in 
the case of a married person or £55 (equivalent to tax on 
£700) in the case of an unmarried person. Owing to these 
high rebates no allowances are granted in respect ot 
children, life insurance premiums, pension contributions, 
etc. 

Super tax is payable by persons with incomes of over 
£2,000. The rate is 2s. increased by one four-hundredth 
of a penny for each pound of income, subject to a maximum 
rate of 7s. 6d. in the £. From the tax so calculated there 
is deducted a rebate of £240 (equivalent to super tax on 
£2,000). 

The income of private companies is apportioned to, and 
taxable in the hands of, the shareholders, the companies 
themselves being not subject to income tax. 

Public companies pay normal tax at the flat rate of 
3s. 6d. in the £ subject to a rebate of £45 (equivalent to 
tax on approximately £260). Public companies with 
incomes of £260 or less arc exempt from normal tax. All 
public companies are exempt from super tax. 

No taxes of the nature of excess profits duty, undis- 
tributed profits tax, trade profits special levy or non-resident 
shareholders tax have been imposed in the Territory. 

TAX ON PERSONS : 

This tax is levied at the following rates: — 
Unmarried Persons: 

Annual Income Tax Payable 

£1-/250 NIL 

;0>-j£5«> &> 

Exceeding £600 £io 

S.W.A. Annual, 1947 



TERRITORY'S 
WHEELS OF 
PROGRESS 
TURNING 



Married 



*d rersons : 




Annual Income 


Tax Payable 


£ 1 ~£a™> 


NIL 


£*h>—£5 1 x> 


£1 


£?*>— £<«*> 


£2 


.&***—£?<*> 


£*4 


/>»-#00 


£6 


/> x> — £9°° 


£'« 


Exceeding £900 


£"> 



TRADING LICENCES: 

Trading licences consist of certain basic duties plus, 
in certain instances, additional amounts calculated on gross 
turnover. The main items are: 
Butchers (1) Wholesale: 

Annual licence £50. Plus £1 on every £1,000 or part 
thereof of turnover up to £5,000, and £2 on every £1,000 
or pajt 'thereof of turnover exceeding £5,000; with a 
maximum addition of £300. 
(2) Retail : 

Annual licence £5. Plus the same addition as above in 
respect of turnover. 
Bayers : 

Annual licence £5. Plus the same turnover tax as 
applied to Butchers. 
General Dealer: 

When the turnover does not exceed £1,000— Licence 
£7 ""J. 

When the turnover does exceed £1,000— Licence £10. 

Plus £1 on every £1,000 or part thereof of turnover 
exceeding £1,000 and up to £5,000, and £2 on every 
£1,000 or part thereof of turnover exceeding £5,000, sub- 
ject to a maximum addition of £300. 



25 




I J WHOLESALE CHEMISTS P.O. BOX 242 7-9 BREE ST., CAPE TOWN 

jfclo' HEYNES MATHEW 

LTD. 



a 



STOCKISTS OF: Chemists' Sundries, Scientific 
Apparatus, Ethical Specialities, Toilets and Cosmetics, Bottled 

Oils and Dutch Medicines, Patent and Proprietary Medi- 
cines, Photographic Requisites, Developing and Printing, 
Veterinary Medicines, Drugs and Chemicals. 

Retail Branch: 17 ADDERLEY ST., CAPE TOWN • Laboratory; ALBERT RD., WOODSTOCK 



T^afaonyTfrag (lomjmttg. 



INCORPORATED Z"t MAY I07O. 



solicit consignments of 

KARAKUL SKINS 

for sale by Auction in the consuming markets of 

LONDON and NEW YORK 

The first Brokerage House to hold regular Auction Sales of S.W.A. Karakul Skins 

in London. 

The first to sell by Auction in New York when the London market was closed in 

1940 owing to war conditions. 

The first to resume Auctions in London when that market was reopened in 1946. 

For further information write to 

HUDSON'S BAY CO. (PTY.) LTD. 

Box 95 Windhoek 



Telephone 888. 



Telegrams : "HUDSONSBAY' 



28 



S.W.A. Annual, 7947 



Taxation in a Nutshell 



Buyers of Karakul Pelts: 

One district: Annual licence ^10. 

Whole Territory : Annual licence ^25. 

Plus £1 on every ^1,000 or part thereof of the total 
purchase price or value of karakul pelts bought, bartered or 
exchanged during the 12 months ending 30th June of the 
year preceding payment of licence duty up to /5,ooo and 
£2 on every ^1,000 or part thereof exceeding ^5,000. 
Maximum addition £$00. 



Agent or Commercial Traveller of a Foreign Firm or a 

Union Firm : 

Unrestricted /ioo. 

Wholesale transactions only £50. 

The duty payable is, however, reduced to £25 and ^10 
respectively where the agent or traveller has been ordin- 
arily resident in the Territory for not less than two years. 

Agent or Commercial Traveller of a South West African 
Firm : 
Annual licence £y 10s. 

Auctioneer : 

Annual licence ^15. 




The loYely bowling green adjoining the Government Buildings, 
Windhoek. 



Die pragtige kegelveld langs die regeringsgeboue te Windhoek. 



Speculators in Uvestoc\ and Farm Produce : 

Annual licence £10. 

Plus £1 on every /i,ooo or part thereof of total pur- 
chase price or value of livestock and farm produce bought, 
bartered or exchanged during the 12 months ended 30th 
June of the year preceding payment of licence duty up to 
£10,000, and £2 on every ^1,000 or part thereof exceeding 
£10,000. Maximum addition £300. 



Importer : 

Annual licence £1. 

In addition for every person in respect of the value of 
goods imported in each calendar year over and above £100. 

For every j£ioo or part thereof £1. 
Maximum licence duty ^300. 




44 



South Africa's 

best ! " 



More and more housewives are insisting on "Koo" 
canned fruit and vegetables, because they know 
that every tin bearing this name contains the finest 
South African produce canned by the most scientific 
modern methods. 

K00 BRAND 

JAMS, CANNED FRUITS 
AND VEGETABLES 



From the sunlit orchards and farms of the Karroo, juicr 
carefully selected fruit and vegetables are sent to d 
modern, hygienic factories of the Langeberg KoOperin 
at Ashton and Mossel Bay— the homes of "Ron" products 
Here they are sorted, processed and canned by iraino 
experts, whose duty it is to see that these luscious fruff 
and vegetables are brought orchard-fresh to your ubk 



Produced by Langeberg Ko-operasie Beperk, Ashton, Cape Province. Branch Factory at Mossel Bay, Cape Proving 



2* 



5. W, t 4. Annual, ;<n 



Taxation in a Nutshell 



ROFESSIONAL TAXES : 

Accountant and/or Auditor ^10. 

Actuary ^10. 

Advocate £\o. 

Architect £y ios. 

Attorney and/or Notary and/or Conveyancer £10. 

(Consulting Engineer £ 10. 

Dentist ^io. 

Sworn Translator £2 ios. 

Land Surveyor ^5 

Medical Practitioner /io. 

Quantity Surveyor £j ios. 

ETROL SALES TAX : 
3d. per' gallon. 

[OTOR LICENCES: 

From £^ to / 12 ios. depending on the weight ot the 
rhicle. 



WHEEL TAX : 

7s. 6d. per wheel on all vehicles used on public roads. 

The revenue from the last mentioned three sources is 
reserved for the Roads Fund for the construction and 
maintenance of roads and bridges. 

LAND TAX: 

This is a tax on registered owners of land. 

The rate in respect of urban properties is one shilling 
for every 50 square metres subject to a maximum of £2 ios. 
for any separately registered piece of land in a municipal 
area and of £1 for any one erf or lot of ground in other 
cases. 

Land tax on rural properties is imposed on a sliding 
H~alc based on area, the registered owners ot larger areas 
of land being required to pay a higher rate of tax. For 
properties in the Southern districts the tax increases from 
od. per 100 hectares or part thereof where the area of the 
land does not exceed 10,000 hectares to £121 5s. for each 
5,(*)0 hectares or part thereof where the area exceeds 
150,000 hectares. The rates for properties in the Northern 
and Central districts are double those for properties mi 
the Southern districts. 




Otjikoto Lake. 



Otjikoto Mecr. 



V.A. Annual, 1947 



29 



REMEMBER! 

irs IN YOUR 

INTEREST TO 
CONSULT US 
ABOUT 



• • • 



• INVESTMENTS 

• URBAN PROPERTIES 

• FARMS 

• LOANS 

• INSURANCE 

• AUCTIONS 

• KARAKUL STOCK and 
PELTS 

DAMARALAND 

BOARD OF EXECUTORS 

(PTT.) LIMITED 

P.O. Box 416 : Tel. Address: "EXKAMER." 
Telephone : 356 



WINDHOEK 



-SOUTH WEST AFRICA 



UNITED 

BUILDING 

SOCIETY 

ASSETS EXCEED 

£39,000,000 

LOANS TO BUY OR 

TO BUILD YOUR 

HOME 

SAFE AND PROFITABLE 
INVESTMENTS 

Savings Account - - - 2% 
Fixed Deposit - - - - 3% 
Fully-Paid Shares - - - 4% 



Agents: 

C. P. Thian & Co., Windhoek, Box 19 
P. H. M. du Plessis, Otjiwarongo, Box 47 
J. H. Rathbone, Grootfontein, Box 43 
A. £. Rissik, Keetmanshoop, Box 90 



Local Directorate: 

Dr. F. J. Marais 



Mr. M. J. Kritzingcr 



Mr. E. Sander 



VAN DIE DORRE 
WOESTYN 
NA DIE 
GRASVLAKTE 



gUID-WES-AFRIKA hct 'n oppervlakte van 322,000 
vicrkantc myle, min of mcer drie-kwart van die 
groottc van die Unit. Die Noordclike grens van die 
Gebied is die Kunene-rivicr, die Portugces-Wes-Afr* ika 
Kolonie van Angola en Rhodesie. In die ooste word dit 
bcgrens deur die Britse-Bctsjoanaland Protektoraat en die 
Kaapprovinsie van die Unie van Suid-Afrika. Die su.de- 
like grens is die Oranjcrivier en die Atlantiese Oscaan die 
westelike grens. 

Die Gebied styg gestadig van 'n sanderigc kusgeb'cd 
6c tot 100 myl breed na 'n hocr binnelandse plato wat 
geleidelik hoer styg om dan laer te sak na 'n oostelike 
gedeelte van sanderigc land, die Sand veld, tot by die 
gelykwereld van die Kalahari. 

Die Namib, wat strck vanaf die Ugab-rivier langs 
die hele lengte van die westelike gedeelte van die Gebied, 
omvat 'n kusstreek van sand, wat verdcr na die binncland 
in 'n dorre streek ontwikkcl met fcitlik geen plantegroei 
nic. Hier val daar sclde recn en behalwe vir die kusstcde 
is hierdie gedeelte van die land feitlik onbewoon. In die 
noordc op die grensc van die Kaokoveld, verrys die graniet- 
massa van die Brandberg tot 'n hoogte van 8,100 voet uit 
hierdie gelykwereld. Binne-in die woestynstreek, wat 





k pregressiYe farmer plants wheat between his citrus trees in 
the northern district. 

'» Pregresaiewe boar plant graan tussen sy sitrusbome in die 
noordelike distrik. 



Camels at the police training and breeding station in South 

West Africa. Mechanisation of the South African police has 

reduced the scope of the camel patrol, but it is still used in the 

far waterless areas. 

Kamele by die polisie opleiding- en teelstasie in S.W.A. Dear 

meganisering ?an die Suid-Afrikaanse Polisie is die kameel- 

patrollie aansienlik ingekort, maar dit word nog gebruik in die 

waterlose gebiede. 

wissel van 60 tot 100 myl, in die suidelike gedeelte van die 
Gebied, genoem Groot Namakwaland, verander die land 
geleidelik van 'n bergagtige formasic, na *n reeks lang 
deinende grasvlaktes met afwisselende klipperigc plat 
koppies en uiteindclik neem dit 'n vorm aan wat tipies is 
van die Suid-Afrikaanse karo. 

Sodra 'n mens Damaraland binnc kom in die omgewing 
van Rehoboth, merk jy 'n algehele verandering en d.'fc 
Karroo verander na *n pragtige grasland, met doringbome 
hier en daar, wat vermcerder in die noorde tussen Wind- 
hoek en Omaruru. In Damaraland behaal die sentrale 
plato sy hoogtepunt, 4,500 tot 5,000 voet en in die suid- 
westelike gedeelte in die omgewing van Windhoek (5,400 
voet) verrys daar steil en skurwe bergreekse, Auasberge 
(8,100 voet), Khomas Hooglande (7,000 voet) terwyl verder 
noord-oos die Erongo (7,500) en die Waterberg, Etjo en 
die Parcs's bcrge (6,000 tot 7,000 voet), met alleenstaande 
piekc soos die Omataka (8,800 voet) te sien is. 

In die Karst-streek, waar daar van die vrugbare 
vlaktcs te Otavi-berge (7,200 voet) en vcrskeie kleiner 
reekse die Otavi dolomiet verrys en grotte voorkom, is daar 
geen gebaande waterwee nie. 

Die bosse begin digicr word met *n struikgewas van 
gras en hou aan tot die grense van Ovamboland en d ; e 
Kaokoveld. 

Hierdie laasgenoemdc streek, bergagtig en kaal, dek 
die kusstreek en word grasbegroeid op die hooglande en 
oostelike rante na O\amboland en die Kerst-streck, terwyl 
'n oorvloed van tropicsc plantegroei gevind word in die 
omgewing van riviere en bronne oral oor in die omgewing. 

Die oostelike gedeelte van die Gebied— Kalahari — 
het baie vcrskiilendc karaktcrtrckkc van die res van die 



W.A. Annual, 1947 



31 



Where should 

the sun 
when you 




Try snapping with the sun at your side, as in the diagram, instead of 
directly behind you. Side lighting gives more natural shadow effects and 
avoids a flat appearance. Be careful, though, not to let the sun shine into 
the lens. 

By the way Avoid loading your camera in bright sunlight. Good film 

is very sensitive — careless loading can easily spoil the spool. 



FOR THE BEST RESULTS USE 




KODAK film 



KODAK (SOUTH AFRICA) LIMITED • CAPE TOWN • DURBAN • JOHANNESBURG 



32 



S.W.A. Annual 1947 



Van Die Dorre Woestyn 




Thousands of years of erosion leave their mark in the 
gorges of South West Africa. 

land. Beginncndc in die suidc met 'n mengsel van gras- 
cn karoland naby die Oranjcrivicr, vcrander die land 
omstreeks 300 myl noord en word gevolg deur myle van 
sandduine, digbegroeid deur gras, wat Liter in die Kaoko- 
vcld deurspek word met borne. Hicrdie borne vermeerder 
geleidel'lk in getal soos die land verandcr na uitgestrckte 
vlakres van sandgrond wat strck tot die noordelike gebied 
op die Okavangorivier. 

Klimaat. 

Die klimaat van Suid-Wes-Afrika word hoofsaaklik 
bepaal deur die Aardrykskundige ligging van die land, 
tussen 17 en 29 grade suidelike lengtegraad. In hicrdie 
lengtegradc het die lug gewoonlik 'n dalende neiging 
waardcur die hittegraad vermeerder word wat wecr in 
sy beurt die vogtigheid van die lug laat daal ver under 
die versadiging. 

As gevolg van ligging alleen, behoort hicrdie land aan 
d'e droc streke van die wereld, oorcenstemmend met die 
Sahara, noord van die ewenaar. Dit vorm 'n oorgang 
van die uitsluitlike tropiese klimaat van Angola met sy 
oorvlocd van reenval, tot die van die westelike gedeelte van 
die Kaap met sy geringe reenval. 



Duisende jare van verspoeling is die oorsaak van die 
klowe van Suid-Wes-Afrika. 



Nog 'n belangrike raktor wat die klimaat van Suid- 
Wes-Afrika beinvlocd, is die kouc Bcnguella-stroom, wat 
langs die Suid-Afrikaanse kus opstroom. Hierdie stroom 
wat van suid na noord stroom, bring koue pool-water 
en vcroorsaak ondersec-strome by die kus van die Gebied. 

Die temperatuur van die watcr-oppcrvlakte by die 
kus van Suid-Wes-Afrika is dus min of mcer 15 Fahren- 
heit laer as wat dit behoort te wees as gevolg van die 
afstand van die ewenaar. In Suid-Wes-Afrika, het plekke 
met min of mecr dieselfde afstand van d'e kus dieselfde 
temperatuur. Dit beteken dat plekke in die noorde nie 
verskil van plekke in die suide wat op dieselfde meridiaan 
Is nie. 

Die koue lug bo die Hcnguclla stroom vcrhoccl die 
tocgang van die warm Atlantiese lug, vcrsadig deur vogtig- 
heid na die kus van die Gebied en forscer hierdie warm 
lug om te kondenseer voordat dit die Gebied bereik. Die 
vernaamste voorsicner van reenval vir Suid-Wes-Afrika, 
is dus nie die Atlantiese Oseaan nie, maar die Mosambick 
stroom wat aan die kuste van die Ooskus van Suid-Afrika 
spoel, die invloed waarvan nog meer merkbaar word as 
gevolg van sy noordsuidelike vloed. 



S.W.A. Annual, 1947 



33 



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34 



S.W.A. Annual, 19 



\ Die Dorre Woestyn . . . 

c posisie van Suid Wes-Afrika is dus vcrantwoordelik 
verminder'uig van reenval in 'n suidclikc en wcstelikc 
Bergagtige streke vcroorsaak die enige, h(lMhin 
uitsonderings op die reel. 

:kkc gelec op die wcstelikc hangc van die bergreeks, 
in die reengcdeeltc tcrwyl die op die noord oostel ke 
n bietjic meer rcen ontvang. 

Klimaat verskjlle in Smd-WcS'A\nl{a. 
z klimaat van die grootstc gedeelte van Suid-Wcs 
is woestynagtig, veral die hele gedeelte van dc 
woestyn van die Oranjerivier in die suide tot die 
vier van Angola, die Kunene in die noord.e. 
2 Namib vorm 11 kusstreek wat taamlik ste 1 oprys 
: Atlanticse Oseaan na die binncland en \orm 'n 
z van 'n gemiddelde vvydte van 40 myl. Die breedste 
z strek van suid van die Kuisibrivicr tot die noorde 
ic spoorweg, Ludcritz-K.eetmansho>p, vvaar die 
: 'ne strek so ver as 60 myl na die binncland. 
r hierdic gedeeltes is die reenval seldc twee duim 
r; in sommigc jare is (lit onmectbaar laer. Tipies 
z karige plantcgfrci van hierdic woestyn, is daar 
2 ander woestynplante en vctplantc die ur.ieke 
hh mirabilis. 



Verder, uit 'n weerkundige standpunt word die 
volgcnde gedeeltes beskou as woestyn : die grootste gedeelte 
van Groot Namakwaland, bevattende die distrik van 
Warmbad, die groter gedeelte van Kcetmanshoop, die hele 
\an Hethanie en byna die hele distrik van Maltahohe sowel 
as die Kalahari-streek suid van die 24 suid-brcedte graad. 
In hierdic gedeelte aard nie karakoel-skaap die beste. 

Aangrcnsendc hierdic woestyn-strook, waarvan die 
reenval vermeerder met die afstand \an die kus, is die 
stcppeland. Hierdic steppe bercik sv naastc punt aan die 
kus by '11 afstand van 100 myl in die Komas-hooglande op 
2-}° suid-brcedtcgraad, maar meer na die noorde vermeerder 
die afstand van die kus tot i }o myl. Na die suide cgter, 
draa: 1 die grens van die steppe van die kuste van die 
Atlanticse Oseaan tot 'n afstand van omtrcnt ^25 myl en 
hou aan tot buite Suid Wes-Afrika suid van 25 suid 
lengtegraad. 

Die hele van die noorde van Suid AVcs Airika, het 'n 
warm steppe klimaat wat n jaarlikse gemiddelde tempera- 
tuur van 6^° Fahrenheit het en het 'n norniale reenval 
\an 24-30 duim. 

Sons die reenval vermeerder van suid wes na noord-oos, 
is die hoog>tc icenval in die omgewing van Okavango, ecu 
\an die twer noordelike ri\iere. St lis die Caprivi-Zipfcc, 
met 'n jaarlikse reenval van i(» tot 20 duim, moet Ix'skou 
word as n gedeelte \.m tlic warm steiu»e klimaat. 




lifting sand dunes in the Namib desert. (Inset) : "Queen of the Night" blooms once a year for a mere seven hours, 
vende sandduine in die Namib woestyn. (Byportret) :„Koningin van die Nag" Worn een keer 'njaarvir maar sewe uur. 



Annual, 79^7 



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S.Wji. Annual, ig^j 



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S-W.4. Annual, i^7 



THEY 



TWO BUSHMEN FABLES 



INHABITED 

THE WHOLE WORLD 



ff^HERE exists a wealth of fables in the Bushman world. 
Most of them deal with primitive times when the 
Bushmen — according to the fables — inhabited the whole 
world and other people did not exist. This primitive race 
consisted only of hunters who acted at the same time as 
powerful magicians. They could transform '-themselves 
into large animals as well as into one of the smallest 
insects, for instance, the rain-grasshopper (mantis). 

At that time the sun, moon and stars did not exist. 
A dim twilight lit the days, while the nights were com- 
pletely dark and this made hunting very difficult. In all 
that darkness, however, existed one wonderful being which 
was able to spread a bright light, the so-called "Fireman," 
who possessed a head glowing with internal fire. Wherever 
he appeared the landscape was illuminated. If he accom- 
panied the hunters, they would in a short time capture a 
good deal of big game. 

The Fireman was well liked, he travelled from one 
place to the other and was joyfully greeted everywhere. 
He possessed, however, the bad habit of demanding the 
choicest pieces of meat after a successful hunt. The hunters 
begrudged this and considered how it would be possible 
to destroy the meat-eating part of this rare being and still 
leave the source of light intact. 

Some Bushmen decided to shoot the Fireman with 
arrows and to cut off the light radiating head, which should 
be fixed on a pole, thus to light the hunting regions. They 
intended to carry this plan out as soon as the Fireman 
paid his next visit. 

Soon his arrival was announced from afar by his bright 

light. There was still a river in full flood between him 

and the watching Bushmen. Without fear he started to 

walk through the wild waters. The Bushmen were hiding 

silently behind bushes with their bows and arrows 

ready. The Fireman was hardly widiin shooting range 

when he dropped down dead pierced by numerous arrows. 

His murderers jumped quickly into the water and severed 

the precious head from the body with stone knives and 

threw it on firm ground, while the floods were allowed to 

carry the body away. 

The head, which had cooled down slightly while in 
contact with the water, started to glow again brighdy when 
it was on dry ground; it became so hot that nobody was 




Time has wrinkled the features of this old Hottentot woman. 
But she still finds something in life to smile at. 

Die tyd het die gelaatstrekke fan hlerdie ou hotientot-Tron 
gerimpel. Tog find sy nog lets in die lewe om oor te lag. 



able to touch it. At last one man took a long pole, pushed 
it into the neck cavity and threw the head with all his 
power high up into the air, where it rose higher and 
higher into the blue sky. There it remained as the sun 
and it is clear that it is still living — this light-spending 
head — because it moves daily from east to west, looking 
down to the earth, vainly searching for its body. 

One Bushman had been missing when the murder of 
the Fireman was planned, as he had been sitting nearby on 
a hill, but he had heard everything which was discussed. 
His comrades were afraid that he would betray them, so 
they threatened to cut him into small pieces if he should 
spread one word of this. The poor Bushman was frightened 
to death and kept silent, but his secret oppressed him to 
such a degree that he believed he would burst. 

In his trouble he ran out to the veld where he found 
the cave of a porcupine. In the quiet of this shelter he 
conceived a good plan to unburden his troubled mind. He 
brought a heavy flat piece of rock, put it down very near 



$W.A. Annual, /047 



39 



fi 



*gseessssgeeae&is++*a&se&&s* 



EASTWOOD & HOLT INC 

226 WEST 26th STREET 
NEW YORK 

London Office : 
41 QUEEN STREET, LONDON, EC.4 



We solicit shipments of South West 
African Persian Lambskins 

We act solely as brokers and sell by public 
Auction 

Our sales are dated for tins year:— 



London: 
5th MAY 
SEP! EMBER/OCTOBER 



New York ; 
15th MAY 
28th AUGUST 
23rd OCTOBER 



It is to the advantage of producers of South 

West African Persian Lambskins to consign 

direct to us, rather than sell locally 



40 



S.W..4. Annual, 1Q47 



Tbey Inhabited TLx* Whole World 




Heikom Bushman skinning springbuck. 
Heikom-boesman wat springbokke afslag. 



!(» the t.ivc leading to the ground, threw himself down just 
in front of the hole and poured his whole oppressing secret 
down into the cave. When he had finished he covered the 
hole quickly with the flat piece of rock, that nothing which 
he so carefully had poured into ii, should leak out. With 
a light heart he walked avvav. 



Another tale is that ol the creation of the moon and 



stars. 



An old magician sal resting one evening at the lire 
where he had taken oil his wet sandals and asked his 
daughter to dry them, ('arelesslv she put them too near 
to the fire so that one sandal was completely destroyed by 
the fire and the other partially burnt. The old man dis- 



covered this only when it was too late and got very angry. 
In his temper he took the half-singed sandal and threw it 
into the air where it rose higher and higher till it arrived 
at the night sky and remained there as the moon. The 
glowing rests of the other sandal and the white ash had 
to be thrown up too to cool down his temper and developed 
into shiny stars anil into the milky way. The Bushmen, 
however, were far from satisfied when they noticed this 
innovation. They said that the good old times with nights 
full of undisturbed sleep had passed. Had people would 
rove around, murdering and stealing and the game would 
stroll restlessly through the light nights and thus disturb 
their sleep. And so it happened — nobody felt safe any 
longer at night because of the bad spirits of human beings 
and animals moving about. 




Inside a cave: Bushman paintings — marvellously permanent; 
marvellously imaginative. 

Binne in 'n grot: Boesman skilderye — wonderlik blywend; 
wonderlik ryk aan verbeelding. 



S.W..4 Annual, /047 



41 



rh L ARNES & CO.. LTD. 

BUYING AGENTS - SHIPPERS — GENERAL EXPORTERS 



Telephone : 
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42 



S.W.A. Annual, i^-f7 




2 .2P 

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2 E 



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S.H '.,-/. .-In nihil, i (j .J j 



43 



STURROCK (S.W.A.) 

(PTY.) LIMITED 

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KAAP KRUIS 
SIMBOOL VAN AVONTUUR 
EN ONTDEKKING 



fPERWYL ck op die rotsc in die skaduwee van die reus- 
agtigc kruis gestaan het, het ek die omgewing in 
oenskou geneem, en gewonder wat Diego Cam daartoc 
bewceg het om op hierdie vcrlatc kusgebied te land. Daar 
is gecn plantegroci en geen borne nic. 'n Strook puntcrigc 
rotse, met hicr en daar sandcrigc kusstrekc, kan nouliks 
beskryf word as 'n ideale landingsplck. 

Ek het na die binneland gestap na 'n hotir plek, en 
met my gcestesoog die tafcreel probeer sien wat die aandag 
van die onverskrokke Portugese ontdekkingsreisigers 'n 500 
jaar gelede, mocs getrek het. Ek het tot die gevolgtrekking 
gekom dat hullc genoodsaak was om op die onaanloklike 
kus te land, en waar die pick waar Diego Cam gcland 
het, en waar vandag die reuse kruis staan om die plek aan 
tc dui, 'n eiland mocs gewces het. 

Met die verloop van jarc het die kanalc en laguncs 
sradigaan tocgespoel deur slikgrond en so het die gedeelte 
wat Kaap Kruis gcvoer word, *n gedeelte van die vastcland 
geword. 

Dit was in 1485, toe Diego Cam, 00k bckend as Cao, 
op sy ontdekkingstog langs die weskus van Afrika, in 'n 
poging om 'n sceweg na Indie tc soek, op hierdie kus 
gcland het, wat vandag die naam van Suid-Wes-Afrika dra. 

Volgcns legende word bewecr dat baic van sy beman- 
ning gesterf het en sommigc sick, sodat hulle geweier het 
om verder tc gaan. Hy het gcland en die kruis as monu- 
ment opgerig om die landing van die ecrstc Christcne suid 
van die cwenaar tc gcdenk, die dooics begrawc, en met 'n 
wcemocdigc hart teruggekecr na Portugal. Min het hy 
gewect dat slcgs 'n paar hondcrd myl verder suid die land 
* suidpunt bereik kon word en dan kon hy ooswaarts scil 
°ni die nuwe weg tc vind na die rykdomme van Indie. 
Hy het nietcmin die weg gebaan vir Bartholomews Diaz 
*n na horn Vasco da Gama. 

Kaap Kruis le op 'n besondcrc verlate en onaantreklike 
*n onbewoonde kusstrook, 80 myl noord van die kusstad, 
Swakopmund. Vir byna 400 jaar was die bestaan van die 
knris, opgerig deur Diego Cam, totaal onbekend. 

In 1892 het 'n gesclskap Duitsc garnisoen-troepe, wat 
°P patrollie was langs die kuslyn op die monument afge- 



kom, en dit Kaap Kruis genocm. By hulle aankoms tc 
Swakopmund, het hullc die saak by die outoriteite aan- 
gemcld, wat wcer die ontdekking na Bcrlyn deurgestuur 
het. As gevolg hicr van, het op ^o Januaric 1893, op instruk- 




Santet on Skeleton Coast. 
Sontondergang op M dio setkus tan dk dooi." 



i 



5 HM Annual, 1947 



45 



S. GORELICK'S GARAGE 



(S. AND S. GORELICK, PROPRIETORS) 



S.W.A. DISTRIBUTORS FOR 

NASH CARS 

KELVINATOR REFRIGERATORS 

MORRIS — M.G. — WOLSELEY CARS 

MORRIS LIGHT VANS and TRUCKS 

MORRIS MARINE and INDUSTRIAL 

ENGINES 

Bankers: STANDARD BANK OF S.A., LTD. 
Cables & Telegrams: 'GORELICK" 



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WINDHOEK S.W.A. 

Also at SOLLY'S MOTORS, WINDHOEK 



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PORT ELIZABETH 

• 

For more than fifty years 

we have endeavoured to supply 

GOOD HARDWARE and GOOD SERVICE! 

• 



Contact our Agents: Ernst von Mallinckrodt (Pty.) Ltd. at any of their branches 



tp Kruis 



n die Kciscr, die kaptein van die kruiser „Falke", 
p *n oefening-reis was, die ririnc van die kruis ver- 
•, en aanboord op die skip versamel en na Duitsland 
. Die heropgeboudc kruis is toe in .,Das Museum fur 
kunde (die museum vir die scevaart-wctenskap) te 
geplaas waar dit vandag *n creplck innecm. 
eneinde egtcr dat die plek waar die kruis gestaan het, 
laangcmerk sal bly nic, het die Kciscr bevele gegee 

gepolitocrde granict-kruis, prtsies soos die oorspronk- 
net opskriftc gemaak mocs word en gestuur word na 

Kruis. 

»p 23 Januaric 1895 het die kruiser „Spcrbcr" die kruis 
lap Kruis afgelaai en „op die more van die 24stc na 
moeiende reis deur sandduinc, het ons die plek waar 
•uis opgerig sou word, bcrcik. Om 3 uur die middag 

werk voltooi. Die kruis is 15 meters oos-suid-oos van 

Dutkruis opgerig tencinde 'n moontlike skade tc vcr- 

ingeval die houtkruis per ongeluk omvaF\ 

>ie houtkruis waarna hier verwys word, want die bo- 

mde aanhaling is 'n uittrcksel van die Duitsc 

lialc Gaset van daardie jaar, is *n houtkruis opgerig 

die kaptein van die „Falke" om die pick aan te wys 

hy Diego Cam se kruis verwydcr het. 

tie kruis, opgerig op instruksics van die Keiser, word 

wys op *n bygaande portret. Aan die ecn sy is die 

1 van die Koninklikc huis van Portugal aangebring 

ti opskrif as volg: — 

i mundi crcatione flucrant anni 6684 ct a Christi Nativitatc 
uum cxcclcntistimus sereissimus que rcx d Johanes sccundus 
iliac per iacobum canum cius militcn col um nam hie situari 




rich Harbour as Men from the 400 foot dune which towers 
the small settlement. The buildingi ihown are the house 
1 manager of the guano collecting company, the storerooms 
and the gardens. 

lien-have, soos gesien lanaf die 400 ioet hoe dulne vat oor 
Mb nedersetting toring. Die gebone aangewjs, is die hniss 
lit bestnardsr wan die ghvano— i ersamelende kompanjic, die 
on die tuine. 




S^a^^^.X* 






.*£?* 



*••:..< 










-'■ 









--> 



A Herero housewife collects firewood from the flotsam and 
jetsam on the Atlantic coast near Bwakopmund. 

'n Herero-huisfrou Tersamel opdrifsels en wrakgoed langs die 
Atlantiese kus by Bwakopmund. 

(Sedert die skepping van die wereld 6685 gelede en van Christus 
1485 geiede, toe die hoogedele en deurlugtige Koning Johan II van 
Portugal bevele gegee het dat 'n suil hier opgerig word deur sy 
ridder Jacob Canus (Diego Cam of Cao).) 

Onder die wapen is die volgende opskrif: — 

„Era da creao do mundo dc CCCCCCLXXXIV eycelente esclare- 
icido Rey Dom Yeas sequndo do Portugal mandon dekolrir esta tera 
e poez este padram por do cao cavalleiro de sua casa." 

(In die jaar van die skepping van die w£reld 6685 en van Christus 
1485 het sy hoogedele en beroemde Koning Johan II 'n bevel uit- 
gevaardig aat hierdie land verken moet word en dat hierdie suil hier 
geplaas moet word deur Diego Cam (Cao), die ridder van sy hof.) 

Onder hierdie opskrif, het die Keiser, ten einde te her- 
denk dat Duitsland verantwoordelik was vir die hcront- 
dekking van Diego Cam se iandingsplek aan die Suid-wes- 
kus van Afrika, sy eie wapen „Die Arende van Duitsland" 
aangebring, gegrif op die monument wat hy laat oprig het, 
sowel as 'n opskrif wanneer die kruis ontdek is en wat 
gedoen is om dit te vervang. Hierdie opskrif kan gesien 
word onder die Duitse wapen. 

Die verandering van Kaap Kruis sedert sy herontdek- 
king deur die Duitscrs in 1892, vorm 'n interessante hoof- 
stuk van baanbrekers-ondernemingsgees op die suid-wes-kus, 



A. Annual, 1947 



47 



ALLFURS 



KARAKUL 



South West African 
Persian Lambskin Ex- 
porters to 



U.S. of America, 
England, 
Canada, 
Australia, 
South America. 



EXPOR T 



(PTY.h LTD. 




Telephone 9110. 



Telegrams : 
•ALLFURS/' 



P.O. Box 371. 



Bankers : 
Standard Bank of South 
Africa, Ltd., Windhoek 

Barclays Bank 
(D.C. & O.) Windhoek. 



Head Office: 
HANSA HOUSE, KAISER STREET, WINDHOEK, S.W.A. 



48 



S.W.A. Annual, i<tf7 



Katip Kruis 



Die oppmlaktc waar Kaap Kruis staan, is dcur 'n 
\LT^Linnin^ KscLZckcii aan die ,d)cutscli Kolonial Gcscll 
schatY* maar dis aan n Kn^clsman en Noor oorgelaat om 
tc ontdek dat Kaap Kruis nie allcen van ^eskiedkundigc 
Ix-lan^ is nie, maar dat dit storlike bate inhou. Hicrdic 
twee marine, Matthews en Hhlers, hct le vciet met pak 
donkies \an Swakopmund ^ereis en ryk ghwano-xclde in 
die omtick \an Kaap Kruis ontdek- 'n gniot >;cl\k vlakte 
- vvat vvaarskynlik in \ nicer dae 'n la^une wa.-», waar d»c 
sccvocls hullc tuistc ^chad hct. Matthews en Khlcrs hct toe 
*n konsessic van die „Deutsch Kulonial (lescllschatt" \erkry 
tn na hngcland ^cj»aan waar hullc die „Damara Ghwano 
Ko. Upk.", gesti^ hct. Hullc hct teruggekcer na Kaap Kruis 
in seilskcpe en \ir die vol^cndc paar jaar tot Hp2 % hct hullc 
byna 200 duisend ton kosbarc ghwano nil hicrdic strook 
^chaal. Die ghwano is dcur platboom-skuitc na die skepe 
prnccm en mciii^c matroos hct die lewc hier ^elaat dcur 
le virdrink ot per on^cluk met die vcrvtxT \an die ghwano. 
Da.ir is 'n klein bcgralplaas in die omgewing van die- 




Loading bags of guano into a lighter near Walvis Bay. 

Besig om sakke ghwano in te laai in 'n ladingsboot naby Walvis- 

baai. 

kruis waar hicrdic ongclukkige matrosc omgekom hct. Dit 
is omhein en die opskrittc op die graftc is skaars lecsbaar. 
Daar lc 'n Kngelsman, Wilson, en 'n Noor, wit: sc naam 
nie ontsyter kan word nie. Al die antler grar'tc is ongemcrk. 






••/?<.-*^ 




\ To collect guano from the millions of sea birds which breed 
\ along the coast of S.W.A., platforms have been erected off 
thore. Here undisturbed the birds mate, breed and leave behind 
guano. Periodically at low tide natives, under European super- 
vision, collect and bag hundreds of tons of valuable fertiliser. 

•^ H'./J. Annual, ujtf 



Om ghwano van die miljoene seevoels, wat langs die kus van 
S.W.A. uitbroei, te versamel, is platforms opgerig kort by die kus. 
Hier kan die voels onverhinderd paar, eiers uitbroei en die 
ghwano agterlaat. Van tyd tot tyd, met laagwater, versamel 
die naturelle, onder Europe Be toesig, honderde tonne waarde- 
volle bemestingstowwe in sakke. 



49 



THE TRUST AND ESTATE CO. (PTY.) LTD. 

Managing Director : C. P. THIAN, A.S.A.A., C.A. (S.A.) 
Tt^D^oF ESTATES 

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Chief Office for South Africa ADDERLEY STREET, CAPE TOWN 

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For Properties and Inieitmenti consult: 



THE TRUST AND ESTATE CO. (PTY.) LTD. 

P.O. BOX 18. Tel. Add. : "TRUSTEES" Phone 152 WINDHOEK, S.W.A. 

R.A.C. : CONSUL 



Kaap Kruis 



\ 



In die begrafplaas was die tekens van jakkalse te sien wat 
langs die kuslyn rondswcrwc op sock na vis en ander 
voedsel. 

Behalwe die kruis, het Kaap Kruis nog 'n ander aan- 
trekkingskrag — die 50,000 robbe wat jaarliks 'n uittog onder- 
neem om hulle eiers te 16. Hierdie rotse is ysglad gemaak 
deur die honderde jare se gedurige afgly en afglip van die 
robbe. Dit is moondik om tot 'n paar tree van hulle te 
nader, wat deur die bygaande portret btwys word. 

Dit is 'n gesig wat die moeite werd is om te sien. Vir 
omtrent twee myl langs die kus en omtrent 400 tree in die 
see in, kan hulle gesien word. Die water is letter lik swart 
van hulle. In die verte op 'n klein koppie, bevind die 
siekes en sterwendes hulle. Hulle word vcrmy deur die 
trop. 

Gedurendc die helc dag baklei die bulle, terwyl die 
wyfies dieper ingaan see-toe om vis te vang vir die kleintjies. 
Bloed vloci vryelik soos die bulle mekaar aanvai en byt. 
Oral le die vcrminktc liggamc van die dooics en sterwende 
oorwonne bulle. Daar was *n tyd toe robbejag 'n geweldige 
groot onderneming was, wat groot somme geld ingebring 
het vir diegene wat daarmee besig was. Dit was 00k die 
toneel van menige roekeiose gcvcg tussen rob-smokkelaars 
en wettigc jagters. Vandag gaan die nywerheid voort 
danksy die ondernemingsgees van Herman Offen. 

Op sy hoogtepunt, het die rob-industrie *n 100 Euro- . 
pane en verskcie honderde naturelle geimplojcer. Vandag 
sit slegs een Europeaan en 'n klein klompie naturelle die 
wcrk voort. Die teenswoordige konscssionaris, Herman 
Offcn, het in 1916 na Kaap Kruis gekom om die rotssout- 
werkplase oor te neem en in 19 18 met die afsluiting van 
die Eerste Wercldoorlog, het die rob-industrie begin, maar 
rcbbc-velle is nie meer so in die mode as voorheen nie en 
die handel is dus beperk. Allcen seker tipe velle is vcrkoop- 
baar; die ander word uitgevoer vir die vervaardiging van 
lecr-goedere. 

Vir 'n aantal jare is die geweldige groot sout-neerslae 
in die omgewing van Kaap Kruis, wat iaag geskat, 
8,000,000 ton rotssout en *n vcrdere 14,000,000 ton pekcl 
water bevat, afwisselend ontgin op 'n klein skaal. Onlangs 
bet groter bedrywighede plaasgevind en groot hoeveelde 
haodcl-sout en sout vir huislike gebruik is vervaardig deur 
verdamping. Vervoer was egter 'n groot moeilikheid en 'n 
poging om die sout te dra van Kaap Kruis na Walvisbaai 
deur die gebruik van sloepe, het misluk. Die Spoorweg- 
Administrasie het nou 'n vragmotor-diens na Kaap Kruis 
0© die sout te vervoer na Swakopmund, 80 myl verder weg. 
Daar word jaarliks tonne rotssout weggeneem van 
Kaap Kruis. 'n Nuwe onderneming is begin in die omge- 
wiog van Kaap Kruis, waar groot steiers opgerig is waarop 
die Kevoels kan sit en die ghwano agter laat. Die* ghwano 
is haie waardevol en word jaarliks bymekaar geskraap en 
fpxtm na Swakopmund vanwaar dit verskeep word na 
Md-Afrika. 

Wjt. Annual, 1947 



Die oorspronklike ghwano-velde, vanwaar Matthews en 
Ehlers hulle ghwano verkry het, word bewcrk, maar wat 
hulle nalaat, is van 'n baie lae gehalte en lewer maar 'n 
skrale opbrengs. 

Die geskree van seevocls en die geknor van die robbe, 
was nie altyd die enigstc geluide om te meng met die 
klotsende branders van Kaap Kruis nie. In 1914, toe Suid- 
Afrika 'n ekspedisiemag na Suid-Wcs-Afrika gestuur het, 
het die outoriteite verneem van militcre bedrywighede by 
Kaap Kruis. 

Die „Kingsfawn Castle" is uitgcstuur en toe daar nie 
in geslaag word om die Duitse militcre vesting te laat 
oorgce nie, het die bevelvoerder die pick gebombardeer. 
Een bom het deur die stoomketel gcgaan en hierdie gerc- 
parccrdeketel kan vandag nog gesien word. *n Ander een 




Periodic submarine sulphur eruptions off the coast of Walvis 

Bay result in the beach becoming strewn with dead fish, ncoatei- 

tating their burial by squads of natives to protect the health 

of the port. 

Periodteke ondersee- awaei-uitbarstinga langa die kna Tan Walvis- 
baai, la die ooraaak dat die kus beaaal word met deofte via. 
Ten elnde die geaondheid van die hawe te beakerm, word groepe 
naturelle gebruik om hulle te begrawe. 

het die kroeg gcraak en die biljarttafe* verbrysel. Daarna 
het die Suid-Afrikaners mctodies die reddingsbote wat aan 
wal geld het, deurboor. Die Duitse soldate het hierna 
dadelik oorgegee. 

Kaap Kruis het 00k nog 'n aantrekkingskrag. Dia- 
mante het mense gelok na Kaap Kruis, wat in een van die 
verbode polisiegordels gele het. Die polisie is egter waak- 
saam en ontmoedig onwettige diamant-soekers. 1 

Na die Groot Oorlog (1914-1918) is 'n agitasie op tou 
gesit om die oorspronklike kruis van Duitsland te verkry. 
Die Portugese regering is van die beweging verwittig, maar 
behalwe dat hulle 'n natuurlike belang gestel het, is daar 
geen stappe gedoen nie. N6g die regering van Suid-Afrika, 
n6g die van Engeland was bedrywig in die saak en die 
beweging en agitasie het doodgcloop. 

Aan een kant vind ons die gladde rotse waarteen die 
branders gedurig klots en bruis en aan die ander kant die 
skuiwende sande van die Namib woestyn. Tussen hierdie 
twee punte staan 'n replika van die Diego Cam kruis as *n 
monument vir die eerste Christclike strewe in Suiddike 
Afrika. 

51 




W. GLOECK 

KARAKUL EXPORT 

P.O. Box 597, WINDHOEK, S.W.A. 

EXPORTERSOF PERSIAN LAMBSKINS TOTHE UNITED 

KINGDOM, THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 

THE DOMINION OF CANADA. 

AGENTS IN LONDON AND NEW YORK. 
Bankers : 

Standard Bank off S.A. Ltd. Barclays Bank (D.C. & 0.). 
Windhoek. 



pXi 



IX^X==Xi 



IX^X^Xi 



IX = 



1 
X 

1 

X 

1 

X 

1 

X 



\ 

1 

X 

in 

X 

1 

X 

1 

X 

1 

X 

1 

X 

|ltex 



P.O. BOX 6681 

Telegrams : 
KABOOK." 



KAHN & KAHN Z' 

MAIZE, MAIZE PRODUCTS and GRAIN DISTRIBUTORS 

46 PIM STREET, NEWTON, JOHANNESBURG 



Telephones: 
33-6001/2/3/* 



TOUR ORDERS WILL 
RECEIVE THE IMMEDIATE 
ATTENTION OF OUR 
PRINCIPALS. 



SERVICE, COURTESY 
AND SATISFACTION AT 
ALL COSTS IS THE 
UNBROKEN POLICY OF 
OUR ORGANISATION. 




MEALIES 

MEALIE PRODUCTS 

OATS 

BEANS 

GRAINS of ALL DESCRIPTIONS 

SEEDS 

CATTLE FEEDS 

BALANCED RATIONS 

POTATOES 

ONIONS 
ETC. 



THE MARK OF QUALITY AND VALUE 
We are always interested in the purchase and sale of all farm products 



52 



S.W.A. Annual, ify 



[ORSE BREEDING 



. . A QUICK CANTER 



PROSPECTS 
IN S.W.A. 



: days before the motor car the horse was a very 
iportant factor in South West Africa. So much 
rd on it as the only means of quick transportation, 
urally much time, thought and care were spent on 
rding and raising of horses. 

e first stock came from across our southern and 
borders, and many a fine specimen of the then 
Cape horse found its way into our territory amongst 

ndess animals brought across by traders and farmers. 

c boer mares were later on crossed with Thorough- 
Lrab and German Saddle Horse stallions, imported 
1 over the world, to produce cart and riding horses 
farmer and traveller as well as remounts for the 
1 military forces. 

len General Botha's armies occupied the country, 
'as a further influx of good Cape horses, so that in 
rs of 1916 to 1920 the quality and quantity of horses 
h West Africa reached a very high standard. Many 
nember the fine horses bred from high class stallions 
:d at the former Imperial German stud at Nauchas, 
rdy remounts from Claratal, the brilliant race horses 
y Duwisib's famous stallion "Crakajack", the lovely 
bred at Voigtland from the Hungarian stallion 
an" with their marvellous feats of endurance, the 
d stock from "Ordensritter" raised at farm Hoff- 
and farm Mecklenburg, the spirited sons of the 
-bred "Polyeucte" from Gochaganas and many more 
ding horses of those days. 

is climax was soon followed by a sudden and com- 
ollapse brought about by the advent of the motor 
I accentuated by the depression which hit the country 
. During the years that followed the horse industry 
r went to pieces. Hundreds of valuable aniimals 
Ad in truck loads to the mines, to Ovamboland and 
:r native reserves at ridiculous prices and many a 
; stud ceased to exist. Only a few breeders carried 
I kept a few mares just for the love of the horse. 

ith the return of prosperity to this territory horse- 
lg also gradually came to life again. 




A wonderful example of the type of thoroughbred being 

bred to-day in South Weit Alriea. 

*n Nerkwaardige voorbeeld van die aoort volbloed wat 

vandag in Suid Wes Afrika geteel word. 

It is remarkable to note the progress wh'fch has been 
made during the last few years. Whereas from 1925 to 
1935 seldom more than three Thoroughbred stallions were 
doing stud duty in this country, one could to-day easily 
name 15 or more Thoroughbred stallions of good quality 
stationed across the whole of South West from Karasburg 
to Grootfontcin. True, the old "days of the horse" will 
never come back, but apart from the ordinary stock horses 
required on every farm as long as cattle are raised in this 
country, there will always be a demand for two types of 
horses wh'fch offer good opportunities for those breeders 
who succeed in producing the right article: (1) the horse 
for the man or the lady who rides for pleasure, sport or 
simply for health reasons and (2) the race horse. 

The breeding of good saddle horses is a fine art. It 
is to be hoped that a few breeders will be fortunate enough 
in getting the right material for producing the horse that 
so many sportsmen arc looking for. 

As regards race horses, there are no Imitations except- 
ing those set by climatic conditions and finance. A 

successful start in this direction has recently been made by 
Claratal stud. Horses bred at Claratal have already won 
races on Union courses, and two of their colts were sold 

at the 1946 yearlings sales at Rosebank for 475 guineas 

and 300 guineas respectively. It is just a question of 

importfig better brood mares and of paying much more 

attention to the raising of the foals. 



Annual, /047 



53 






UNION and OVERSEAS 



Established 1919 

Incorporating United 

Agency Co. (Ply.) 

Ltd. 




Phones 698 and 9186 

P.O. Box 98 

Tele, and Cables : 

"UNITED," 

Windhoek 



Manufacturers' Representatives 

HEAD OFFICE: 

WINDHOEK 






Branches at SWAKOP, LUDERITZ and KEETMANS 



,+m I 



54 



S.WA. Annual, iptf 




Water roses on the Okavango River 



Waterrose op die Okavango-rivier. 




A native in hit handmade dugout canoe on the Chobe River. 
\A. Annual, 1947 



'n Naturel in sy handgemaakte kano op die Chobe-riiier. 



55 



AANMOEDIGING- 

VIR SETLAARS 

IN S.W.A. 



\TIR dicgcnc wat van voorncmcns is om hullc op die 

boerdery toe te IS in Suid-Wes-Afrika, is dit van 
belang om te weet dat min of mcer vyf-cn-twintig jaar 
gelede 'n Landnedersettingswet ingehuldig is. 'n Beknopte 
geskiedenis van die daaropvolgende ontwikkeling sal hullc 
interesscer. 

Vir vier jaar, vanaf 1915, toe die gebied vir die eerste 
keer onder besetting van die Unie se troepe gekom het, 
tot, die einde van 1919, het daar geen wetgewing bestaan 
vir skemas om persone wat van plan was om hullc in 
Suid-Wes-Afrika te vestig te help nie. Wei is boere, 
meestal van die Noordwestelike deel van die Kaapprovinsie, 
toegelaat om die Gebied binnc te gaan met hulle troppe 
vee en veewagters. Dit kon hulle doen deur 'n wei-lisensie 
uit te necm. Daardeur kon die mense 'n seker getal vee, 
teen 'n vasgestelde tarief op 'n maandclikse basis inbring. 
Vir die grootstc gedcelte van die huurders, is voorsiening 
gemaak op opgemcte onbesette plase in die suidelike 
gedeclte van die Gebied. 

Uiteindclik het dit nodig geblyk om 'n Landneder- 
settingswet van stapel te laat loop, nie allcen omdat die 
tydelike huurders die begeerte uitgespreek het om daar 
op 'n veiligcr basis te wees nie, maar 00k om die Adminis- 
trasie in staat te stel om 'n beter sistcem van bcheer uit 
te oefen. 

Om plaaslike toestande dus te, verbeter, moes die wette 
van die Unie van Suid-Afrika, wat ncdersettings in Suid- 
Wes-Afrika bcheer, gewysig word, 'n Landraad is in die 
lewe gcroep en 'n kantoor opgestel in Windhoek om die 
skema te administreei . 

Die lot van die eerste setlaars was alles behalwe beny- 
denswaardig. Standhoudendc water moes vcrkry word op 
die meeste plase, wat gecn standhoudendc water gehad 
het toe die plase toegeken is nie. Dit spreek vanself dat 
daar baie mislukkings om die nodige water-fasiliteite te 
verkry sommigc was en in gevallc moes setlaars, nadat 
hulle aansienlike somme geld sonder sukses, bestee het, 
die plase verlaat. Nieteenstaande hierdie terugslae, het die 
meerderheid van die setlaars, na 'n taai stryd, tog daarin 
geslaag om hulle gevestig te kry en hulle mocilikhede te 
bowe te kom. 

Verdere terugslae waarmee die sctlaar te kampe gehad 
het, was die gebrek aan markte, byna geen of gebrekkige 
verkeersfasiliteite en slegte paaie. Die geriewe vir onder- 
wys vir die kinders van die setlaars het onvoldoende geblyk 
en die verkeer en vervoer baie treurig. Mcdiese dienste 







The original fort constructed by the first German 
at Windhoek under Captain Francois. 

Die oorspronklike fort gebou deur die eerste Duitse 
te Windhoek onder Kaptein Francois. 

was baie moeilik verkrygbaar en die setlaar moes 
beste pogings aanwend onder die heersende omstan 
Die invoering van die motor- en mcer spoorwej 
gcriewc, het van onskatbare waarde geblyk, en t 
van die lang opstande, wat afgele moes word, 
meeste plekke bereft word met *n taamlike mate va 
Met verloop van tyd, het die nedersetting gunstig 
tot die begin van die na-oorlogsc deprcssie in i< 
aangehou het tot diep in die jaar 1923. Gedurende 
tyd was daar feitlik geen markte vir die setlaar se j 
nie en pryse het gedaal na nulpunt. Wat die po« 
hagliker gemaak het, was *n noodlottige droogtc 
meeste setlaars het ondergang in die gesig gestaar 

Ten einde die sedaars verligting te skenk, 
Administrasie besluit om die waarde van alle neei 
plase met 25 persent te verminder. Ook is 'n sker 
voer, waardeur setlaars 'n afslag kry van die hum 
die eersvolgcnde vyf jaar van die verloop van sy 
betaalbaar is, op voorwaarde dat die ontwikkelin 
plaas dit regverdig. 

Vanaf 1924 het toestande baie verbeter en is se 
staat gestel om hulle finansiele verpligtings tccr 
Administrasie grotendcels na te kom. Weens geb 
genoegsame kapitaal is 'n aantal setlaars verhocd 01 
self permanent op die plase te vestig en 'n taamlik 
mislukkings moes te boek gestel word. 

Gedurende 1929 het die tweedc finansiele dep: 
vcrskyning gemaak met erger gevolgc as die een v, 
1923. 'n Aantal sedaars kon nie kop bo water hoi 
moes tou opgee. Ten spyte van hierdie terugslae v 
nietemin nooit *n gebrek aan aansoeke vir nede 
nie. Dit kan hier gemeld word dat feitlik alle verb 
met verloop van tyd weer verhuur is. Gelukkig 1 
in die laaste jaar van die depressie oorvloedige reei 
wat baie bygedra het tot die uiteindelike rehabilit 
die setlaar. 



56 



S.W.A. Annw 




ffi&m*** 



Jjehind every 

good/Vear tyre 

Stands an unequalled sequence g^ GOODYEAR FIRSTS 

It is no casual circumstance that the pneumatic tyre has reached its present high degree of 
efficiency. Its advance is in a great part due to the major contributions which Goodyear has 
made — innovations and improvements conceived in the greatest research laboratory in the 
rubber industry, and translated into actuality by the skill and experience -gained from a half 
a century of building highest mileage tyres. 

good/Vear 




Give your new tyre the GOODYEAR Tube it deserves I 



A/1/17/9 



W.A. Annual. 194J 



f? 



The Makers of 



FLIT 

Now Offer You Two Products 



DDT 



FOR LONG LASTING 
EFFECT 
in Green and Black Tin or 



For 
QUICK, SURE 
KNOCK-DOWN 



PYRETHRIUM 

in Yellow and Black Tin 

Wholesale Distributors 

VACUUM OIL COY. (S.A.) LTD 

NEW PRICES 

1/8 and 3/' 



FLIT 







LEIBOWITZ BROS. 

LTD. 

P.O. Box 695 JOHANNESBURG 

Manufacturers of 

* TENTS 

* SAILS 

* WATER BAGS 

* HARNESS 

* SADDLERY, ETC. 

Our products are stocked 

by all leading stores in South 

West African territory 

Representatives 

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P.O. Box 217 

WINDHOEK 




OBTAINABLE EVERYWHERE 



P.O. Box 585 Telephones 831 ft 550 

BLOEMFONTEIN 

O.F.S. PRODUCE SUPPLY 
COMPANY 

Est. 1919 
Specialists in 

• TABLE AND SEED POTATOES 

• ONIONS — BEANS 

• AND PEAS (Whole and Split) 
Dealers in 

• GRAIN, SEED AND FODDER 

Stockists of Nasfeed and Epol Balanced Rations 
for Cattle and Poultry 

Contractors to the Union Government, S.A. Railways and 
other Institutions 

56 EAST BURGER STREET 
(Private Siding 82) 
BLOEMFONTEIN 

Agents in South West Africa : 
MESSRS. E. YON MALLINCKRODT (PTY.), LTD. 
P.O. Box 315 — — WINDHOEK 



58 



S.W.A. Annual, 194 



imoediging Vir Setlaars 



ic jaar 1934 hct meegebring 'n uitbrcck van die 
sdc bck-en-klouseer siekte in die Gobabis distrik met 
rvolg dat die Unie-regering onmiddeliik *n verbod 
hct op die uitvoer van vee na die Unie, die setlaars 
jstc mark vir slagvee, dier-produkte, velle, huide ens. 
ct 'n vcrminkende invloed gehad op die boer se 
icdrywighede en die toestand het haglik geword. 
vcl die verbod gou opgehef is, is tog nog, vir 'n 
ic tyd sy nadelige uitwerking gevocl. 

eens die finansiele depressie in die tyd, is die vraag- 

m die setlaars verdere tegemoetkomings te skenk ten 

hullc nedersettings te ontwikkcl, geopper, maar dis 

dat geen verdere tinansiele hulp gegee sal word in 

ckoms nie. Hierdie besluit hct cicnaardige gevolge 

Die setlaar het alleen die onbewerktc plaas gekry 

moes self sorg vir die verkryging van water en 

ncnte verbeterings aanbring op sy eie kostc. 

it hct gou duidelik geword dat die setlaar wat sy 
il moes uitwerk, hardwerkend begin hct om sy plaas 
ivikkel sondcr hogenaamd enige tinansiele hulp van 
Iministrasic. Hy het gou n gees van onafhanklikheid 



en selfvcrtroue geopenbaar wat dikwels ontbreek het in die 
setlaar wat sy voorganger was en wat die voordeel gehad 
het van aansienlike voorskotte wat horn in staat gestel het 
om *n sukses van sy plaasbedrywighede te maak. 

*n Belangrike kenmcrk van die mate van sukses van 
die setlaar in hierdie land, is die karakoel-nywerheid. Vanaf 
'n klein begin in die vroegste geskiedenis van neersettings, 
het die ontwikkcl tot *n belangrike bydrae tot die ekono- 
miese struktuur van die Gebied. Die vecboer hct 00k daarin 
geslaag om die aanteclras van die land op te bou met die 
invoer van opreggcteeldc bulle. Daardeur is gunstige resul- 
tatc verkry in die maak van room en voortbring van slagvee. 

Die land bied nog baie goeie vooruitsigte vir setlaars 
wa. hulle daar wil gaan vestig wat gewillig is om die plaas- 
nyw rrheid met encrgieke krag aan tc pak en wat nie van 
die g»;aardheid is om tou op te gooi as terugslae en mis- 
lukkiiigs voorkom nie. Dit sal van tyd tot tyd gcbeur, 
inaar dit kan oorbrug word deur die tipc setlaar wat die 
moed en krag het om misluk kings die hoot te bied. 

Die Landvcrtakking in Windhoek kan geraadplceg 
word deur diegene wat geinteresseerd is om boerdery in 
die Gebied te begin. Voile besonderhede in verband met 
die Landnedersettingsvvct in svvang sal verskar" word op 
aansoek 




open a country." An animal drawn drilling machine „Hulle doen die aanvoorwerk vir *n nuwe land." *n Boormas- 

on a newly allocated settlement farm to commence drilling jlen deur diere getrek kom by 'n nuut-toegekende nedersettings- 

for water. plaas aan om fir water te begin boor. 



i. Annual, 1947 



59 






DURBAN 

56-80 Congella Road 
Phone 56101. 
P.O. Box 2324. 




JOHANNESBURG 
Main Reef Road, Denver. 
Phone 24-4474. 
P.O. Box 6191. 



The name to 
remember when 
you want . . 



CORRUGATED FIBREBOARD 

BOXES and 
CORRUGATED PAPER PRODUCTS 

HOLDAIN BOXES LTD. 

DURBAN AND JOHANNESBURG 
Telegraphic Address : "HOLBOX." 



S.W.A. Agent: LUDWIO SCHROEDER, Swakopmund, Windhoek, LnderiU, Keetmanshoop and Otjiwarongo. 



■BHHHHBHHHBflRH8HHfllHHHBGBflHiHHHIHHflHH8flHI9i^^HHHiHBI^H^BHIHIHi^Bl^ffl 

IN SERVICE TO INDUSTRY 




The story of the development o' Oxy Acetylene 
Welding, Cutting and allied processes is an impor- 
tant chapter in the drama of Modern Industrial 
Progress, Few industries to-day could operate aa 
efficiently without the aid of these processes. 




In i he upheri' of Welding* Cutting and other Qiy- 
Acetyleue processes, African Oxygen and Acetylene 
(Pty.) Ltd., are constantly striving to give th*» 
gran teat service possihle in tfie way of technical 
information, equipment and materials for use ia 
the Welding Industry 



AFRICAN OXYGEN & ACETYLENE (PTY.) LTD. 

(Division of The British Oxygen Company) 
Agents for South West Africa — 

MANN, GEORGE & CO. (S.W.A.) LTD. 



P.O. BOX 4 



WALVIS BAY 



^ ^^^^ ^^^J ^^^^^f^J ^ ^J^J^Hj ^ ^^^ J ^ .^ fJ ^ # #»^^ »l» ^ » #^ # '^#- J.^^ ^ #* * JKJJHT J ***» .# *»**»* #» l *# *** ^** # l* 






60 



S.W.A. Annual, i^f7 



THIS IS A PORT OF POTENTIAL GREATNESS- 






TN 1929 the Hon. H. U. Moffat, Prime Minister of 
Southern Rhodesia, described Walvis Bay as "the future 
port of Rhodesia". It has often been referred to as 
potentially the greatest harbour on the African seaboard. 
Clear-thinking men have visualised the construction of a 
trunk railway from South-West Africa through Bechuana- 
land to Rhodesia, and it does not require a great know- 
ledge of geography to realise Walvis Bay's strategic im- 
portance in any such development. 

Though none of these predictions have materialised, 
the facts which influenced them, and their interesting pos- 
sibilities, still remain. But to visualise correctly the poten- 
tial importance of W r alvis Bay one must consider not only 
its past achievement, and present productive and growing 
enterprises, but also its tremendous future if its latest 
possibilities are allowed to develop. 

A glance at the historical and political background of 
the port reveals that the Portuguese had a passing acquaint- 
ance with Walvis Bay, which they named '"Bahia das 
Baleias. Before the Dutch occupation of the Cape it was 
frequently visited by American whalers, who made it a 
base for operations. But it was not until 1792 that Walvis 
Bay attained historical significance, as Chevalier F. Duminy 
took possession of it on behalf of Holland. British interest 
began in 1795, when, after their occupation of the Cape, 
Capt. Alexander, of H.M. Sloop "Star", hoisted the Union 
jack on all the islands and bays from the mouth of the 
Orange River up to Walvis Bay. However, neither of 
these annexations received the official recognition of their 
respective governments. 

The 19th Century saw South- West Africa the centre 
of intense diplomatic activity, so in 1878 Walvis Bay was 
officially annexed by the Cape Government. But it was not 
until 1884, when German influence began to make itself 
felt in the Territory, that legislation was actually intro- 
duced whereby provision was made in Act No. 35 (Cape) 
for the formal annexation by the Cape Government of the 
Port and settlement of Walvis Bay. At the time of Union, 
1910, it naturally became an integral part of the Union of 
South Africa. Act No. 24 of 1922 provided that Walvis 

SM.A. Annual, 1947 




Diver Inspecting jetty at Walvis Bay. 
'n Duiker inspekteer 'n hawehoof te Walvisbaai. 



Bay should for administrative purposes only be included in 
the Territory of South-West Africa. 

The Port's greatest asset is undoubtedly its magnificent 
natural harbour, which is protected from the Atlantic seas 
by a peninsula $ l / 2 miles long, known as Pelican Point. 
This provides safe anchorage for even the largest ships. 
The entrance channel has been dredged, and leads into a 
turning basin 2,150 feet long by 700 feet wide, capable of 
accommodating vessels up to the 15,000-ton class. 

The Main Quay was opened in 1927 by His Excellency 
the Earl of Athlone, and was built by Hollanders at a cost 
of ^568,208. It is 1,500 feet long, and has admirable berth- 
ing facilities for large ships. One 7-ton and four 6-ton 
cranes are available, and large quantities of bunker coal 
are stored. Feeder and receiving pipe lines are also pro- 
vided so that ships are directly connected and three privately 
owned fuel oil tanks of an aggregate capacity of 3,900 tons, 
located in the wharf area. Tankers from the Persian Gulf 
frequently make use of these facilities. 

At No. 1 Berth is a modern cold storage with facilities 
for loading carcases directly into ships' holds by means 
of an ingenious system of chutes. No. 2 and No. 3 Berths 
provide extensive covered goods sheds with a floor space 
of 60,000 square feet, while the surrounding platform 
facilities cover an area of 137,000 square feet. 

The Port is served by a 692-ton tug, M J- W. Sauer", 
fitted with a salvage and fire-fighting appliances, and a 
smaller tug, "J- W. Herbert". Provision has been made 
for the acquisition in the near future of a modern 1,000- ton 
first class tug. A qualified diver is available, and a highly 
trained rocket brigade under the personal supervision of 
the Port Officer is always on call. 



61 



LUCHTENSTEIN 
(PTY.) LTD. 

Hardware Branch 



Box 42. Tel. 37. KEETMANSHOOP, S.W.A. 

Stockists and Distributors of: 

GEARINGS SELF-OILED WINDMILLS 

SIMMS WORLD-KNOWN PAINT 
BRUSHES 

BERGER PAINTS AND ENAMELS 

BRITISH GENERAL ELECTRIC CO. 
PRODUCTS 

EVERITE ASBEST-CEMENT PRODUCTS 

WIPESCO STEEL WINDOWS & DOORS 

JOHNSTON ELECTRIC MOTORS AND 
PLANTS 

SPEAR AND JACKSON'S SAWS 

KIRSCH SUN-AIR STEEL BLINDS 

GRIFFEN BICYCLES 
ETC. ETC. 



SHALL BE PLEASED 

TO ATTEND TO YOUR 

ENQUIRIES 




62 



S.W.A. Annual, /o^ 



Walvis Bay 



During the years the Mediterranean was closed to 
Allied shipping, the 1,000-ton slipway made an admirable 
contribution to the common cause. A number of the 
smaller ships in passing convoys were accommodated, as 
well as Royal Navy and S.A.N.F. minesweepers. Apart 
from its splendid war record, the slipway annually meets 
the needs of up to 35 Antarctic whalers on their return 
from the ice for overhauling and refitting: the large 
snoeking fleet which operates from the Port makes exten- 
sive use of the facilities provided. With the convenience 
of two modern side-slips, three vessels can be accommodated 
at the same time. 

The amazing wealth of fish in S.W.A. waters, and the 
readiness with which this sea food can be canned, makes 
the fishing industry Walvis Bay's premier industrial enter- 
prise. Apart from the recognised fishing areas. Dr. v. 
Bondc, Union Director of Fishing, stated that "within 200 
miles of the port, are located the richest unchartered fish- 
ing grounds in the world'*. There arc several aspects of 
commercialised fishing in Walvis Bay. 

SNOEKING. 

The amazing growth of this phase of the industry 
can be appreciated by the fact that in 1933, 205,000 snoek 
were landed at Walvis Bay, whereas the figure for the 
past season was approximately 1,200,000. Actually over 
2,000 tons, representing 800,000, were landed on the Main 
Quay, and this figure does not include the vast numbers 
dealt with by the Canning Company at their private jetty, 
nor the catches taken to Cape Town by the snoeking fleet 
at the conclusion of the season. 

A modern canning factory is in operation provided with 
the latest machinery, and after canning operations the 
waste parts of the fish arc converted into fish meal. The 
hulk of the season's catch is salted and dried and conveyed 
to the Union. In this connection, the Railway Adminis- 








Three whalers refitting at Walvis Bay for the Antarctic. 

T)rii walvisbote wet* herstel en toegerus te Walvisbaai toor hul 
vertrek na die suldpool-streek. 



The guano platform. The overseer carefully makes his way at 
low tide across the mussel covered rocks to the guano platform. 

Die ghwano-verhoog. Die opsigter beweeg veroigtig met die lae 
getye oor die mosselbedekte rotse na die ghwano-verhoog. 

tration provide admirable facilities, as refrigerator trucks 
are drawn up on the Quay directly next to the snoeking 
schooners, thus facilitating loading operations. Altogether 
a fleet of over 35 fishing boats are annually based in the 
Port. 

CANNING OF SMALL FISH. 

Important developments arc impending in the near 
future as smaller fish like mackerel, maasbanker, pilchards, 
and surface swimming fish will be exploited. Specialised 
machinery has been installed by the Walvis Bay Canning 
Company to cope with this progress. 

FRESH FISH. 

The potentialities in this respect are enormous if trans- 
port difficulties can be overcome, and it is expected that 
several trawlers will operate locally. 

There appears to be a big future for the fishing 
industry in Walvis Bay, particularly since agriculture or> 
viously appears to be feeling the pinch in feeding South 
Africa's growing population, and the prospects of sea food 
bridging the gap arc promising. 

VITAMIN OILS. 

The science of extracting vitamin oils from fish livers 
is growing in size and importance. The Vitamin Oils Pro- 
prietary, Ltd., established a factory at Walvis Bay in 1943, 
and up to date 200 tons of fish livers have been processed, 



S -W.4. Annual, 1947 



63 




] 



64 



S.W.A. Annual 194 7 



is Bay 



ng 690 gallons of this valuable vitamin extract, 
tied product is exported to Great Britain and 
and is claimed to be at least ten times stronger 
best imported cod liver oil. 

growth of this branch of the industry is to a great 
pendent on the growth of the trawling industry, 
the present only snock are caught in sufficient 
to justify the processing of the livers. During 
season a research boat started operations from 
ay up as far as Angola, and the results of this 
ill have a great influence on the future of this 
•prise. Particular interest will no doubt be shown 
ilhide shark, which is generally recognised as the 
ific potential source of liver oil. 
ugh guano was first commercialised on a large 
5.W.A. in 1884, when the initial output on the 
[chaboe near Ludcritz Bay yielded 300,000 tons, and 
at an average price of £y per ton, the Walvis Bay 
: this important industry can claim even earlier 
it it was started by the Du Pass family in the 
:s of the last century. Its early development was 
sed by the lack of a spirit of initiative, due 
financial and transport difficulties. 
s not until 1926 that the industry was placed on 
scientific basis. Capt. H. Hansen played a big 
uilding up the structure of this expanding com- 
lterprise. As far back as 20 years ago, he used to 
Jagged guano by sea to Cape Town in a threc- 
hooner, the "Risdale". Subscquendy he controlled 
: activities both at Sandwich Harbour and at Bird 
to his retirement a few years ago. 
Sandwich Harbour concession is at present worked 
z Union fertiliser company. Transport difficulties 





XFT ! 










^& J* V< J^l/ 


mm 




4tC RL_ •• 

Bs? 




-c 



lag of birds—pheasant and guinea fowl. 
to nitslag wan die jag— fisante en tarentale. 



The rail car which provides a fast passenger service between 
Walvis Bay and Swakopmund. 

Die spoorwa wat vooroien in v n vlnnige passasiersdiens tussen 
Walvlsbaai en Swakopmund. 



present the biggest problem, and for several reasons the 
transport of the guano by sea to Walvis Bay has proved 
impracticable. The present method of conveyance is by 
means of mule-drawn carts which carry the bagged fer- 
tiliser along the beach to a certain point, where it is trans- 
ferred to waiting lorries for the second stage of the journey 
to the railhead at Walvis Bay. The annual average output, 
which is deposited on an island in the lagoon, is 1,200 tons. 

At Bird Rock the guano is collected from a huge 
wooden platform 600 yards by 300 yards, supported by iron 
girders. The stage is located about 200 yards from the 
shore, and is well clear of the water even at high tide. It 
is an amazing sight to see the thousands of birds roosting 
upon it, and the average annual yield is 1,000 tons. 

The progress of the industry at Walvis Bay, the wealth 
it has brought,, its remarkable contribution to agriculture, 
and its capacity for expansion justifies the old Chilean 
saying, "Guano, though no saint, works miracles". 

In a pastoral country like S.W.A., Walvis Bay's future 
as a cattle disposal and distributive centre arouses consider- 
able speculation. The modern cold storage and abbatoirs 
so conveniently situated in the wharf area have facilities 
for slaughtering over 350 animals per day, and refrigerator 
capacity up to 15,000 carcases. 

The recent importation by well-known breeders of 
highly-pedigreed championship bulls from overseas is a 
favourable indication of the future possibilities of the meat 
industry in the territory, and as a result of its geographical 
convenience, both in respect of the export trade and in 



inual, 1947 



F*4 



> ** **^fj»>#h#iji j > J K» # i ^i » ^^ » »» » » » »#* # '»**» r ^ | 



WINDHOEKER 

MASCHINEN 

FABRIK 



Telephone 502 P.O. Box 311 

WINDHOEK 

K. Woerner O* EwaJd 






Bankers : 
Messre. BARCLAYS BANK (D.C. & O.) 



Iron and Metal 
Castings 

il 

Autogen and Electric || 
Welding 

Turners and Fitters 

ALL TECHNICAL WORK 
EXECUTED BY EXPERTS 



1 + + *- * + +■*■*■*■ 



i^^^^^^^i 



^j *'** '*^ -* *- ^*-* * ^ . * ^ ^^^- ^ -^ ^ J ! 



«■•■■■■■■■■■••■■■■•■■■■■■■■■■■■••■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■•■■■■■•■■■■■■■••••» 




MING 

(by Hussein-Porcelana) | 

Winner of Metropolitan, 1940; second • 

in 1942, and winner of many other j 

handicaps in South Africa 



i 



Standing at stud of 

L. H. BRECHER & 
J. D. DE VILUERS 

GRUNAU, S.W.A. 

Breeders of thoroughbred race horses, 
thoroughbred and grade Karakul sheep 

Speculators in livestock 



n6 



S.W.A. Annual, 19^ 



Walvis Bay 



relation to its proximity to the cattle-producing areas, 
Walvis Bay must play a major part in the anticipated 
development. It was, in tact, in view of the construction of 
the proposed railway line to Rhodesia that the cold storage 
was built, as it was felt that under favourable conditions the 
combined resources of South-West Africa. Rhodesia and 
Eechuanaland would constitute a strong challenge to the 
supremacy of the Argent'nc in the chilled meat industry. 

Both in war and peace, the oil companies in the port 
have made an admirable contribution to progress. During 
the war years 82 ships ol H.M. and Merchant Navy were 



to the task of assisting in agricultural and industrial recon- 
struction iri the territory. 

Another great asset to Walvis Bay is the powerful wire- 
less station, which has a range of 2,000 miles by day and 
an unlimited night range. Continuous communication is 
possible with mail-ships, even in English waters. 

Prior to the Great War, whaling was carried out at 
Walvis Bay, and was started again in 1923. In 1930, 300 
whales were dealt with at the local land station, but this 
was the last year of activity, since the introduction of 
modernised factory ships rendered the land establishments 
obsolete. However, up-to-date repair workshops were 
cuuipped to deal with the large Antarctic fleet which lies 
at anchor in the Bay annually tor repairs .\nt\ refitting 




Gemsbuck on the run. 



Gemsbok op die Ylug. 



bunkered with 5,630 tons of fuel oil, an invaluable service 
to ships bound for the Middle East, and one the importance 
( >f which cannot be measured in figures. All the Air Force 
; md U.D.F. Army and Navy petrol and oil requirements 
were met, invoking tens of thousands of gallons of high 
°ctave aviation gasoline and specially blended oils for Air 
Force use, besides hundreds of thousands of gallons of 
straight motor spirit. In 1943 a special type of bolted 
storage tank was built for the Admiralty, 55 feet in diameter 
and 24 feet high, with a carrying capacity of 1,300 tons of 
* u d oil. In considering this splendid war record, one 
realises that these tremendous resources will be diverted 



I S-H'./i. Annual, 1947 



before returning to the fishing grounds. As many as 50 
skilled Norwegian craftsmen are employed. 

The shipping companies have kept pace with develop- 
ment in the port, and admirable services are available for 
all ships visiting Walvis Bay. The older established lines 
which operated along the West Coast prior to the war have 
not only maintained but have increased their tonnage, and 
new competitive lines are running to regular schedules. 
Overseas traffic has accelerated not only in the size and 
number of ships calling, but also in the frequency of their 
visits. The indications arc that when the shipping position 
returns to normal Walvis Bay will regain its pre-war 
importance. 



67 



More 
beautiful 
than ever 



CHRYSLER 



'\mm 



There is smart new 
beauty and comfort 
in the luxurious new 
Chrysler, 

Two-tone interiors 
complement grace- 
fully curved exterior 
lines to make both 
the new Chrysler 
Windsor 6 and Chrys- 
ler New Yorker 8 
more beautiful than 
ever. 

See and drive the 
new Chrysler today } 



Sole Distributors in 
S.W.A. 

FOR 

CHRYSLER 

PLYMOUTH 

FARGO 

HUMBERand 
HILLMAN 

Motor Cars & Trucks 



ARIEL 

Motor Cycles 



GOODYEAR 

Tyres & Tubes 



Agents for 

CLAUDE NEON LIGHTS (S.A.) 

LTD. 

W. S. THOMAS & TAYLOR 
(PTY.) LTD. 

PROVINCIAL INSURANCE CO. 
LTD. 




You will want it for 
its modern style and beauty 
• . . for its brilliant per- 
formance and economy . . • 
and for its extra roominess 
and comfort. 

Let a ride convince you 
of the flashing power of 
its big 95-horsepower 
engine. Enjoy the deep, 
soft comfort of a smooth, 
cushioned ride. 

See and drive the latest, 
greatest Plymouth — you 
will agree that 



Plymouth's 



thi CNoraii 



TERRYS MOTORS (PTY.) LTD. 



P.O. Box 784 



WINDHOEK, S.W A. 

Telegraphic Address: "TERRYS." 



Telephones : 005 & 025 



88 



S.W. A. Annual, i^j 



Walvis Bay 



Walvis Bay has other claims to importance, such as a 
base for expeditions into the mighty Namib in search of 
succulents; its growing salt industry is finding an outlet 
for its vast resources in the expanding fishing enterprises; 
it has possibilities as a health and recuperative resort; and, 
last but not least, in the admirable railway facilities, both 
in respect of passenger and goods traffic. 

Geological students would be intrigued by the supposed 

I sulphur eruptions which occur with such frequency in the 

' harbour, causing great havoc amongst marine life. The 

most violent disturbance was in 1923 when fish of all sizes 

were piled up over two feet high on the beach. 

There are several intriguing theories concerning this 
remarkable phenomenon, the first being that the greenish- 
yellow discoloration of the water is caused by volcanic 
sulphur eruptions on the sea bed. 

In this connection it is interesting to recall that on 1st 
June, 1900, an island of clay 150 feet long by 30 feet wide 
and 12 feet high was formed by supposed volcanic distur- 
bance about 100 yards from Pelican Point. The surrounding 
water was nine fathoms deep, and steam issued from the 
day. Mr. Justice Gutsche, who was on military service in 
xhc port at the time, actually rowed out and stepped on to 
tJie island, which suddenly disappeared a few months later, 
leaving no really conclusive evidence of its origin. 

A second theory is that there are vast sulphur deposits 
lying on the sea bed in the Harbour, covered by an immense 
c<arpct of mud. Certain currents are supposed to stir up 
T:his mud, causing the sulphur to escape to the surface. 
Ixiteresting evidence of the thick mud in the Bay is pro- 




1.2S 



1*he narrow gauge railway of the Consolidated Diamond Mines 
Wirhieh lies about twelve miles south of Elizabeth Bay between 
the sand dunes and the Atlantic Ocean. 

Die nou spoorlyn van die Gekonsolideerde Diamantmyne wat 
omtrent twaalt myl suid van Elizabeth-baai 16, tussen die 
sandduine en die Atlantiese Oseaan. 




The memorial erected at Windhoek to the dead of the Herero 
War, 1904-1906. 

Die gedenkteken opgerig te Windhoek ter gedagtenis aan die 
gesneuweldes van die herero-oorlog, 1904-1906. 



vided by the fact that in 1914 a railway engine destined 
for military use was being transferred from a steamer lying 
in the Harbour to a raft moored alongside when the slings 
supporting it broke, and the engine plunged into the sea. 
The services of the late Mr. Louis Benjamin, one of South 
Africa's leading divers, was enlisted, but the softness and 
depth of the mud defied all salvage efforts, and the engine 
still lies buried in the Bay. 

Those who envisage Walvis Bay in terms of desolate 
sand hills must marvel at the beauty of the sun playing on 
the rich gold and browns of the shifting dunes, or on the 
peaceful waters of the lagoon; bird life with the : r beautiful 
plumes? the pink and black glory of a flock of flamingoes 
on the wing; the graceful formation of a group of gliding 
pelicans; the speed of a duiker crashing into the sea to 
emerge with a fish in its mouth; and the quaint, almost 
human, waddle of a penguin seem to be Nature's exclusive 
legacy to compensate for the absence of the foliage of trees 
and the rich green of grass. 



S-W.A. Annual, 1947 



r-^^»s»s^s»>^s^^>^ 



WINDHOEK BAZAARS 



(PTY.) 
LTD. 



Directors: SAM COHEN, I. COHEN. 
Manager: C. HERZ. 



P.O. BOX 549, 
WINDHOEK. 



THE MOST POPULAR RETAIL ESTABLISHMENT 
IN SOUTH WEST AFRICA 

Departments: 



HABERDASHERY 

HOSIERY 

NAPERY 

DRESS MATERIALS 

KNITTING WOOLS 

LADIES' SHOWROOM 

CORSETRY 

FURNISHINGS 
CHILDREN'S WEAR 
MILLINERY 

LADIES' OUTERWEAR 
LADIES' UNDERWEAR 
MEN'S OUTFITTING 



TOILETS 

STATIONERY 

BRUSHWARE 

SUIT CASES 

TOYS 

SWEETS 

HARDWARE 

GLASSWARE 

CROCKERY 

CUTLERY 

KITCHENWARE 

FANCY GOODS 

PICTURES & FRAMES 



70 



S.W.A. Annual, iqf- 



VST A TOUCH OF THE VOODOO 




the latter part of the "Ohango" the Ovafuko dress them- 
in a most peculiar fashion. They powder their whole 
white with ash and then hang strings of short sticks 
heir necks and waists. In this fancy dress and armed 
ng sticks, they (now called "Oihanangolo") roam the 

for several weeks. During this period it is advisable 
men of the land to make themselves scarce, as, should one 

by these "ravaging" women, he is chased by them and, 
it, gets a thorough thrashing. He may not defend himself, 
ainst etiquette. Nobody may harm an 'Oshihanangolo." 

sing days of the festival again feature dancing and drink- 
eventually the girls are taken home by their mothers, 
their prospective fiances soon put in their appearance. 



Oedurende die laaste tydperk van die ,, Ohango" beklee die 
„Ovafuka" hulle met 'n eienaardige kleed. Eers word die hele 
liggaam met as wit gepoeier en dan word halssnoere, waaraan 

klein stokkies gebind is, aan die nek en lyf gehang. 
In hierdie uitrusting, gewapen met lang stokke, trek hulle (nou 
,, Oihanangolo" genoem) vir weke lang deur die land. Oedurende 
hierdie tyd is dit nie raadsaam vir die mans om deur hulle gesien 
te word nie. Indien een deur hulle gesien word, word hy agter- 
volg en indien ingehaal, loop hy terdee onder hulle stokke deur. 
Hy mag horn nie teesit nie— dis teen die gedragvoorskrifte. 

Iemand slaan nie aan ( n Oshihanangolo nie. 
Die afsluiting van die fees neem weer die vorm van *n dans en 
drink-party aan by die feesplek; en eindelik neem die moeders 
hul dogters tuis waar die vryer nie lank op horn laat wag nie. 



'. An fituil. K)JJ 



71 



I ll 

Tel. Add. : "ACKFUR" P.O. Box 273 

ANNING CHADWICK 

& 

KIVER 

WINDHOEK, SOUTH WEST AFRICA 

Manager : G. F. STANTON 
BUYERS OF 

S.W.A. PERSIAN LAMBSKINS 

For Overseas Accounts 

SOLELY ON A COMMISSION BASIS 

•-&* 



Head Office: 
ANNING CHADWICK k KIVER, LTD. 15, Arthur St., London, EC.4 

New Yor^ Branch : 
ANNING CHADWICK & KIVER (Inc.) 238, West 28th St., New York 



72 S.W. A. Annual, 1947 



US T TWO GUESSES 





i dance piay an important part in the lives of the 
. In comparison, however, with other Bantu races, they 
dancers. With the exception of the "Efundula" dance 
kuanyama-Ovambos, their dances consist more or less of 
ut hops accompanied by the clapping of hands and 
Masked dances are practically unknown amongst the 
, but their northern neighbours are excellent masked 
dancers, as these photos will illustrate. 



Spel en dans speel ook in die lewe van die Ovambos ( n groot rol. 
In vergelyking met ander Banturasse is hulle egter swak dansers. 
Met die uitsondering van die „Efundula M dans van die 
Ukuanjama-Ovambos bestaan hul danse slegs uit rondspringery 
vergesel van handegeklap en eentonige singpraat. Maikerdanse 
is feitlik onbekend onder die Ovambos maar hulle noordelike bure 
is uitmuntende maskerdansers, boos hierdie fotos 
vcrtoon. 





Oshokwe dancers. 
Oshokwe dansers. 



A big native Ashing drive on one of the rivers in South-West 

Africa. 

Naturelle uit op ( n groot dryfjag vir visse op een van die riviere 

in Suidwes-Afrika. 



nnual, 7947 



73 




"IVI«'|ilnmi» 2'M) 
WINDHOEK 



CARBIDE 

with a gas- 
yield above standard 
specification 

"Hund CurbjiU* * in a South Afrhiui prrtdurr - mo 
imported material** art imed. 

The Witliaiik KoWory in in the same urea nn The 
Kleetririty Supply Commission Station, and ih eipiippir-l 
\\\\\\ three !arj£e eteeme fnniai-t'H ^ivinu, a tol n I iMltgnU 
of 25.0011 rmm of carbide. 

Thrniitfh a well-equipped laboratory the uualy*i>. n( raw 
material* and finished product ensures thai "Haul 
Carbide" contain* lean than half the perini*Njble impurities 
allowed nriilcr British Standard Sped heat ions. The gas 
yield per pound of "Rand Carbide ' is therefore well 
a lave the; volume required. 

RAND CARBIDE LTD. 

Head Office : 

Southern Life Building, Main Street, Johannesburg. 

Box Vmi Phones M "J7s7 -M. 

Fuetorv : Wit hank, Tjniiflvna). 

Sole Agents: 

Northern Rhodesia Oxygen and Acetylene Co., Ltd,, 
N'Dola Rhodesia Oxygen and Acetylene Co., Bulawayo. 



DIS TIN'S 
BETTER SEED 




South Wilt African Agents: 

A. WUTOW & CO. 



P.O. BOX 168 



WINDHOi 



SOUTH WEST AFRICAN 

KARAKUt EXPORTERS 

ASSOCIATION 



Representing the interests 

of all exporters of South 

West African Persian Lamb 

(Karakul) Skins. 



P.O. BOX 452 



WINDHOEK. 



74 



S.W..4. Annual, it 



DIE 



BANKWESE 



EN 



die Bank-proklamasic van 1930. Vir hierdie voorreg betaal 
hullc aan die Administrasie 'n Note-bclasring gereken teen 
f n koers van £i\ per jaar vir elke £\oo van die gcmjddelde 
maandelikse getal note in werklike sirkulasic en daar word 
van hullc verwag om by die Administrasie as *n versekering 
vir die note uitgegee, sckuriicitc tc gee vir die uitgcre&te 
note-vcrsekcring vir die totale note in sirkulasic en van die 
wat hullc van plan is om ic sirkulccr. Die groot-totaal 
word van tyd tot tyd vasgestel dcur die Adminjstratcur. 



4 S 'n mens die betrcklike klein Europesc bevolking van 
die Gcbied in aanmerking neem, dan is Suid-Wcs- 
Afrika baic goed voorsien van bank-aangclecnthede. 

Die stelsel van bank-vcrtakkings is in swang en daar- 
ileur word baie buite distrikte bedicn. Dit is onder behecr 
\an die twee vooraanstaandc handelsbankc van die Unie— 
Die Standcrd Bank van Suid-Afrika en Barclays Bank 
(D.C. & O.). Hulle hoofagentc is in Windhoek gevestig. 
i>ic Standcrd Bank hct takke in Gobabis, Grootfon- 
tein (met 'n agentskap tc Otavi), Kalkfcld, Kectmanshoop, 
Luderitz (met 'n agentskap tc Bcthanic), Maltahohc, Outjo, 
Swakopmund (met 'n agentskap tc Walvisbaai), en Wind 
hoek, die hoofstad van die Gebicd. 

Beidc bankc verrig enige soort bank-besigheid en hct 
agente en korrespondentc oor die hele werld. 

*n Belangrijcc aspek van die bank-besighcid in Suid- 
Wes-Afrika is die finansicring van die karakoclnywcrheid. 

Die uitvoer van karakoelvcllc gedurende 1941, 1942 en 
i<)43 is bercken op 'n bedrag van min of mccr ^6,500,000. 
Aangesien by verrcweg, die grootstc getal u'jgcvocr is na 
die Verenigde State van Amerika, sal dit duidelik blyk dat 
Suid-Wes-Afrika 'n aansienlike hocveclheid V.S.A.-dollars 
ingeoes het. *n Aansienlike gcdcelte van die karakocl 
eksporthandel word gehanteer dcur (*>rscesc pclt-makelaars 
en bocre-saamwerkverenigings op 'n oorlcweringbas : s, maar 
die grootste gedeelte word behcer dcur plaaslikc uitvocrders 
wat direk van die produscntc koop en aan die dircktcurc 
van oorsec uitvoer. 

Die laasgenoemde het kredictbricwe met die plaaslikc 
tankc om vcrkopings aan te gaan en bctalings geskied as 
die vellc verskecp word. Daardcur word die karakocl- 
handel :*p 'n uitsluitlike kontant-basis geplaas, wat in 
sgself 'n unieke aspek van die nywerhcid is. 

Die Standerd Bank en Barclays Bank is die cnigstc 
gcoutoriseerde ruilings-handelaars aangestel in die Gcbied 
dcur die Unie se tcsouricr under die Unic sc Ncx>d- 
Finansielc Regulasic en in daardic hoedanigheid behecr dit 
die oorscese omloop van alle uitvcx-i ten bclangc van die 
Suid-Afrikaanse Reserwebank. 

Nog 'n kenmerk van die bankwese in Suid-Wes-Afrika 
i> dat die twee handelsbankc wat hicrbo genocm is, gc- 
inagtig is om hullc cie banknote uit te reik in terme van 



SY 



VERWANTE 
INRIGTINGS 



Oorsecse Uitbrcidings-tarief vir die Gcbied, is gebaseer 
op die Unie se tarief, yi per cent, meer gunstig vir die 
bankc as die Unie-tariewe. 

Aanvullend aan die twee vooraanstaandc handclsbanke, 
word d'e bankwese nog op *n kleincr skaal gcdryf in Wind- 
hock deur die private bankgenootskap van die Ohlthaver 
en List Trustmaatskappy wat 00k 'n hegte en konser- 
watiewe instelling is. 

'n Tak van Sasbank (Suid-Afrikaanse Spaar- en Voor- 
skotbank Beperk) is onlangs in Windhoek geregistrecr. Dit 
is 'n leningsbank wat veral die gesalieerde persone tegemoet 
kom vir korttermyn lenings en is aangelok dcur die vcilig- 
heid van sulkc besigheid vir die platteland. Die hoofkan- 
toor is in Blocmfontcin. 

Daar is 00k 'n ander vertakking van die besigheid, 
genocm Volkstrust Ondcrneming Beperk (Peoples Trust 
Corporation Limited), wat trust- en boedelwerk ondernecm. 

Trust- en boedelwerk word gewoonlik dcur dije 
Wetsbeampte gcdocn en die Trust- en Boedel-maatskappy 
Beperk van Windhoek. 

Die Landbank van Suid-Wes-Afrika is in Windhoek 
gevestig en hulle vcrskaf lenings aan boere op feitlik 
diesclfdc basis as die Landbank van Suid-Afrika. Hulle 
geldsakc is op die oomblik baie bedrywig. 

Oor die algcmecn is die land in 'n florercnde toestand 
en daar is 'n oorvloed van kapitaal beskikbaar vir belcgging 
op die huidigc tydstip. 

Die gei'nteresseerde persone van die Unie let meer en 
meer op die moontlikhede van die Gcbied en die algemenc 
indruk is dat Suid-Wes-Afrika nog baie bclangrike 
ontwikkelings sal ondcrgaan in die na-oorlogse jarc. 



S.W.A. Annual, 1947 



75 



THE 

PLATE 
GLASS 

BEVELLING & SILVERING 
CO., LTD. 

1—9 Buitekant Street 
CAPE TOWN 

hi 

ft 

|l |l j 

GLASS 

for 

ALL PURPOSES 

• • 

WE STOCK PLYWOOD AND 

MATERIALS FOR THE 

FURNITURE & UPHOLSTERING 

TRADES 

S.VV.A. AGENTS : 

LUDWIG SCHRODER 

SWAKOPMUND 

WINDHOEK, LUDEMTZ, KEETMANSHOOP 
OTJIWARONGO 



THE UNITED CORPORATION OP 

ADMINISTRATORS 
AND TRUSTEES 

(PROPRIETARY) LIMITED 

Director: E. W. F. Koehlor, Dr, joria. 

Cor. Kaiser & Kasino Sts. 
WINDHOEK, SWA. 

P.O. BOX 775 PHONE 609 

Telegraphic Add. : " BooSu " 

• 

The Corporation Undertakes— 

* AUDITING 

* BOOKKEEPING 

* COST • ACCOUNTING AND COST- 
REPORTS 

* FINANCIAL INVESTIGATIONS 

* ADMINISTRATION OF ESTATES 

* MANAGEMENT OF AFFAIRS OF 
RESIDENTS AND NONRESIDENTS 

* INCOME TAX RETURNS 

* SALE OF LANDED PROPERTIES 

* RENTS COLLECTED 
ETC. 



Consult Us 

You are assured of thoroughly 
reliable services by professionally 
trained and experienced experts 



76 



S.W.A. Annual, 1947 




B 
•8 

I 

E 

•8 



•8 
•O 
C 
9 

u 

« 
E 

i 



5 

I 

§ 

o 



u 



3 

3 

JO 

.3 
8 



W.A. Annual, 1947 



77 



SALES 




SERVICE 



MALHERBE & KIESEWETTER (PTY.) LTD. 

MOTOR AND ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS 

Phone 702 and 570 • After hours phone 570 

P.O. Box 367 • Tel. Address "Kiesewetter" 
WINDHOEK, S.W.A 



SOLE DISTRIBUTORS IN S.W.A. FOR— 

WILLYS 

Cars, "Jeeps" and Trucks 

DODGE 

Cars and Trucks 

B.S.A. 

Motor-cycles 

THOMPSON PRODUCTS 
Motor Spares 

TUTHILL 

Car and Truck Springs 

K.L.G. 

Sparking Plugs 

PIPER CUB, SWIFT AND BEECH 
Aircraft * 
Aerodrome and Flying Equipment 

CONTINENTAL 
Aero Engines 

BANTAM TRAILERS 

RANDOLPH FIRE EXTINGUISHERS 

MOTOROLA RADIOS FOR HOMES AND CARS 

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OXY-ACETYLENE AND ELECTRIC WELDING 

We carry a full range of SPARE PARTS and ACCESSORIES 

EVERYTHING FOR THE MOTORIST • BREAKDOWN SERVICE 



78 



S.W.A. Annual 



"Attd South West Africa will be able to tneet this demand 

for many years to come" 

CATTLE 
BREEDING 
IN S.W.A. 



T^HE explorers of the seventeenth century found in- 
digenous cattle in the possession of the Hottentots near 
Cape Town. South-West Africa remained a closed book 
until Anderson published the story of his travels, having 
traversed the Territory from West to East and from North 
to South during the years 1850-1854. 

He found and described three types ot native cattle, 
Herero, Ovambo and Bechuana. 

The Herero tribe was settled in the central and eastern 
grassveld regions extending deeply into the present Bcchu- 
analand Protectorate. Anderson considered them to be 
recent arrivals since they had apparently come from Central 
Africa at the beginning of the eighteenth century. He 
described their cattle as big (high?), but not weighty, thin- 
legged, with small durable feet, short-haired, with a long 
brush to the tail nearly touching the ground. Horns were 
placed at an angle of 45-90 degrees to the head and very 
long. The Hereros favoured a dark-brown colour with a 
yellow strip along the back, white or yellow oxen were 
considered weak and unable to bear fatigue or hardship. 
Cows were a good deal smaller and gave very little milk. 
The cattle were wild, and extensively used for riding 
purposes. 

Bechuana cattle were of the same type, but of greater 
bulk with bigger horns spirally curved sometimes like a 
kudu-horn. 

Ovambo catde were described as of small size, 
brownish-yellow in colour with small heads, lyre-shaped 
horns and fine in bone. 

Anderson thought the breed to bt very old and later 
observers considered it to have originated on the West 
Coast of Africa. 

Forty years later another variety of cattle was described, 
mostly owned by the Basterds of Rehoboth, the so-called 
"Nama". These were supposed to be a nvocture of Afrikan- 
der and Friesland stock brought up from the Cape Province. 
When European settlement started during the 1890's, 
little notice was taken of the potentialities of the native 
stock. One had to have diem to start farming, but the 
sooner they could be improved by the infusion of blood 




The cream from the can from 

the cow. 
Die room van die kan van 

die koei. 



from overseas animals, the better. Ovambo cattle were 
highly prized for their rustling abilities and capability of 
thriving on the sour veld of the northern territory. 

Herero and Bechuana cattle were of quite a good type. 
Suitable selection and skilled breeding would no doubt 
have built up a useful breed in a comparatively short time, 
in perhaps half a century, a breed native to and adapted to 
the country and its hardships. 

The easier, more immediately lucrative, method of 
grading up the indigenous stock to resemble those left 
behind in the "Vatcrland" was adopted instead. 

There was no definite breeding policy. Importations 
varied from the medium-sized, hardy, dual-purpose Brown 
Swiss to the big-framed, heavy-boned Simmenthaler bred 
in the valleys of Southern Germany. Even the under- 



S.W.A. Annual, 1947 



79 



METJE & ZIEGLER 

(PTY.) LIMITED 

LUDERITZ WINDHOEK WALYIS BAY KEETNANSHOOP 

The Leading Firm in South West Africa 



FOR 



Pumps, Cylinders, Piping and Fittings 

Farm Machinery and Implements 

Galvanised Tanks and Reservoirs 

Windmills and Engines 

Paints, Oils, Varnish 

Household Articles 

Builders' Hardware 

Building Material 

Fencing Material 

Ironmongery 

Tools 

Sole Distributors in S.W.A. for:* 

INTERNATIONAL and HUDSON Trucks and Cars 

and 

"CROSSLEY" Diesel Engines — "WILLARD" Batteries 

DEMPSTER Windmills 

WARD'S Refrigerators 

McCORMICK DEERING Engines 

CELOTEX Building and Insulating Boards 

McCORMICK DEERING and WARD'S Cream Separators 

Manufacturers of 

JOINERY and STEEL KITCHEN STOVES 

(OWN FACTORY AT LUDERITZ) 

Sole Agents for ATLANTIC REFINING COMPANY OF AFRICA, LIMITED 



80 S.W.A. Annual, 1947 



ttle Breeding 



, narrow, red Rotvieh cattle had admirers sufficiently 
listic to bring some of their breed across die sea to 
icir rustling ability against the vagaries of the South- 
: steppe. Others again, justifiably so, pinned their faith 
tat docile mammoth of the catde breeds, the heavy- 
d, sure-footed Pinzgauer of the Carpathian moun- 
, his long, pendulous dewlap and broad, heavy fore- 
denoting an ancestry which was already old when 
i overran his homeland. 

UGGLES.OF EARLY SETTLERS. 

rhe catde industry was only in its infancy when two 
trophes reduced the farmers to despair. Not only had 
e periodic droughts and the difficulties of establishing 
r supplies tested the setders' perseverance to the 
St, but the dreaded rinderpest swept through the coun- 
a 1899. In the short space of two years one quarter 
c settlers' and 80 per cent, of the Hereros* catde suc- 
>ed to the disease. Five years later the Herero War 
1 out. When hostilities ceased it was estimated that 
3,000 Herero catde remained and these were dis- 
ted amongst the European farmers. 

rhe Rchoboth Basterds had saved about 600 breeding 
from the rinderpest. Ovambo cattle, due to their 
ion, had not been affected to the same extent. 

t was necessary to restock the country and during the 
i 1906-1910 about 15,000 head of breeding stock were 
rted from the Cape Province and Bechuanaland. 





Chameleon — the muter of camouflage. 
Die Yerkleurmannetjie— *n meester in die Yermomkuns. 



Recovery was rapid. Census figures show that in 191 1 the 
catde population consisted of 171,000 head and the effects 
of the grading-up policy became noticeable. Methods of 
animal husbandry, however, left much to be desired and 
farm development had been very slow. 

CATTLE BREEDING UNDER UNION INFLUENCE. 

At the end of the First World War many members of 
the Union Defence Forces decided to make South- West 
Africa their home. Most of them were of farming and 
pioneering stock and set about with a will, taking up and 
improving their land. A steady stream of setders came 
across the borders from the Union and more and more 
land was occupied. 

A farseeing Administration not only established stud- 
farms where bulls were bred for sale to the farmers, but 
also assisted them by importing large numbers of suitable 
sires from the Union. In 1934 a Cattle Improvement Ordin- 
ance was passed. Its stringent provisions were not applic- 
able to an area, except at the request of the farmers con- 
cerned. It was soon adopted by all districts. 

With the increasing number of Union farmers British 
breeds came to the fore and these play the leading part 
at present. 



81 



WINDHOEK 



IS 
FAMOUS 

FOR ITS BEER! 



REGISTERED 




TRADE MARK 



"WINDHOEK BEER" IS BREWED BY 

The South West Breweries Ltd 

WINDHOEK 



Wm. S. DUNCAN 




P.O. Box 231 WINDHOEK. SWA Phoae 9017 i 

Telegrams and Cables: "FURSERVICE," WINDHOEK I 



82 



S.W.A. Annual, iy4 



' Breeding 




talk." As its name indicates It is a limestone plateau 
southward for over 100 miles from Mariental. Claused 
on thousands of years ago, Die Kalk towers over the flat 
surrounding countryside. 



„Die Kalk." Boos die naam aandui, is dit ( n kalkklip-plato wat 

suldwaarts strek vir meer as 100 myl vanaf Mariental, veroor- 

taak deur grondverspoeling duisende jare gelede. „Die Kalk** 

staan soos *n toring oor die omliggende landskap. 



>H BREEDS. 

c Shorthorn soon became popular, equalled by few 
celled by no other breed as an "improver", trans- 
his size and weight, early maturity and fleshing 
s, but also his soft feet, susceptibility to tick worry 
k of heat resistance in succeeding generations. Con- 
in South- West soon proved too hard for the Dairy 
>rn, but the beef types are doing very well. Should 
uth-West become the breeding and rearing ground 
ig oxen to be fattened and finished off in the grain- 
ng areas of the Union, the Shorthorn will become 
ling breed of the Territory. 

e Red Poll, famed in its home environment for its 
ss, crosses well with the native foundation stock. Its 
ngth is, due to the low height at the shoulder, not 
noticed except by the skilled butcher. The farmer 
es the fact that his Polls suffer less on the long 
journey to the markets than the horned breeds, 
iny a young settler has reason to be grateful for the 
eld of his Red Poll cows which enabled him to meet 
gations with substantial cream cheques. The dairy 



type of Red Poll is, however, not suitable for continuous 
grading up. Farmers would be well advised to develop 
the beef type and restore vigour and size in high-grade 
animals with an occasional infusion of Afrikander blood. 

The Aberdeen Angus, that thrifty little beast, perhaps 
the most prolific of them all, is indeed the butcher's ideal. 
Small-boned, packed with meat, the "Doddy" has the 
highest dressing out percentage of any breed. Nervous 
when veld-reared, he at once settles down to .feeding and 
the grazier from the Union would be well repaid were he 
to purchase his stores from some of the fine herds in 
South-Wcst. 

The Sussex has an increasing number of admirers of 
his rustling abilities, acdveness and good feet This breed 
is definitely a fine ranching proposition for the type of 
prime slaughter ox sought after in the Union markets. But 
owners should guard against the tendency in this breed to 
run to coarse heads and horns and bones, combined with 
a lack of super beef quality, which, if not carefully con- 
trolled, might place their product at a disadvantage in the 



4. Annual, 1947 



ERNST VON MALUNCKRODT 

(PTY.) LTD. 

Head Office: 

WINDHOEK ;- P.O. Box 315. 

Branches at: 

MARIENTAL - P.O. Box 24; SWAKOPMUND - P.O. Box 103. 

LUDERITZ - P.O. Box 108; KEETMANSHOOP - P.O. Box 91. 

OTJIWARONGO - P.O. Box 19. 



Representatives for 



LEADING UNION AND OVERSEAS 
MANUFACTURERS 



TILES 

For Floors, Walls & Treads 

Decorated, Terrazzo and Non-skid 
Types 

UNION FLOORING 
TILES FACTORY 

6 Long St., Jeppes South, JOHANNESBURG 
Agents for S.W.A. 

LUDWIG 
SCHRODER 

SWAKOPMUND 

Windhoek 

Luderitz 

Keetmanshoop 

Otjiwarongo 




"UNION" Brand 

Regd. Trade Mark 



THE SOUTH AFRICA 
CANVAS COMPANY, LT 

SPECIALISTS IN: 

SUNBLINDS AND AWNINGS 

TENTS AND BUCKSAILS 

MOTOR COVERS ft MOTOR TENTS 

FUMIGATING COVERS 

WATERBAGS 

FLAX, HEMP ft JUTE CANYAS 

COTTON DUCKS (all weights and 

widths) 
LAUNDRY BLANKETING 
FILTER CLOTHS 
ROPES AND TWINES 
HESSIANS 
PAPER BAGS 
WRAPPING PAPERS 
MATS AND MATTING 
GRAIN BAGS, WOOL PACKS, ETC. 

91 BREE STREET, CAPE TOV 

TELEPHONE: 2-2456 P.O. BOX 



84 



S.W.A. Annua* 



Cattle Breeding 



fastidious overseas markets. But, on the stoniest and 

mountain farms of South-West, few equal the 

as a beef breed. • Another advantage is the fact that 

be nicks well with the Afrikander, the so-called Afri-Sux 

Aowing remarkable vigour, fertility and drought resistance. 

The Hereford breed is not as well represented as the 

others mentioned. It has shown itself to be as hardy as 

wj of them, but has not attained popularity on account 

of a supposed susceptibility to ophthalmia, thought to be 

doe to its white face. This matter is receiving the attention 

of the breeders and some fine herds and well-satisfied 

owners are to be found in South- West. Herefords are also 

king used for cross-breeding with Simmenthaler catde on 

account of the general similarity of colour and to reduce 

high-leggcdness in the latter. Good herds of South and 

North Devon are also found. The breed is not only useful 

as such, but often utilised for cross-breeding with Rotvieh 

cattle. Such cross-breds are big, vigorous and economically 

a very good proposition. 

CONTINENTAL BREEDS. 

These have been mentioned in the discussion of settle- 
ment in the early days. Simmenthaler, Brown Swiss and 
Pinzgauer herds are still to be found, and especially the 
first two breeds have proved a profitable investment to 
many. 
INDIGENOUS BREEDS. 

The Afrikander, the only indigenous breed to Africa, is 
rapidly coming into favour and in recent years large num- 
bers of jires have come into the Territory. It is a breed of 
peat antiquity, derived, many centuries ago, from the 
lateral horned Zebu of India. 

A product of the country, it is without equal in with- 
tanding heat, drought and ticks and will seek its food and 
water over long distances with a tireless, long, easy stride. 
Although able to survive all hardships, except cold, better 
; than any exogenous breeds, it responds gratefully to im- 
proved ranching conditions represented by assured food 
and water supplies within reasonable distance of each other. 
During the past fifty years it has been developed and im- 
k proved with phenomenal success. 

Formerly rangy, staggy in conformation, lean in the 
i twist 9 sloping in the hindquarter and of slow growth, skilled 
~ bleeding and selection during the last half century have 
;. brought about fleshing qualities, beef conformation and 
• early maturity. 

The Afrikander is par excellence the beef breed for the 
1 veld, but even to-day will not respond as well to the con- 
finement of the fattening pen as the best British beef breeds. 

WHAT OF THE FUTURE? 

Changes and developments take place rapidly in South- 
West. In the short span of thirty years the catde popu- 
lation has multiplied tenfold in numbers and now exceeds 




Cornfields and palms in the Ovambo territory. 
Koringlande en palmbome in die OTambo-gebied. 

one million head. Simultaneously there has been a great 
improvement in quality. On account of the generally arid 
climate and consequent lack of crops for stall feeding, 
there is no place for the highly developed dairy cow, ex- 
cept in the most northerly district. 

Dairy ranching, i.e., the system of milking cows with 
young calves during the green summer season for the pro- 
duction of cream, will remain an important branch of the 
catde industry for some time to come. 

Stock of high quality are present in sufficient numbers 
to enable South- West to make a bid for a small place in 
the world's markets for grass-fed primes. But the vagaries 
of the climate are such that continuity of supply cannot be 
guaranteed, not even from one year to the next. 

The Union has been the only market for South- West, 
but, whereas in the past only mature oxen and cows have 
been sent there for immediate slaughter, small beginnings 
are now being made with the export of young stock as 
feeders to the maize-growing areas. It is likely that this 
trade will become of great importance in view of the in- 
creasing urbanisation of the Union's population and the 
rising demand for baby-beef of the highest quality. 

And South-West Africa will be able to meet this 
demand for many years to come. 



SJWA. Anmud, 1947 



■4 



NEUE HARIBES CO. (PTY.), LIMITED 

HARIBES 



P.O. MARIENTAL. R.M.S. HARIBES, via MARIENTAL 
Old Established Breeders of Purebred and Higbgrade Karakul Rams 




S.W.A. KARAKULCENTRALE (1928) Ltd. 

WINDHOEK -MARIENTAL 

Tlx oldest buyers of S.Wji. Persians in this Country 
Exporters to all Leading Overseas Fur Markets 



Secretaries to the above Companies: 



OHLTHAVER & LIST TRUST CO., LTD. 

WINDHOEK, SOUTH WEST AFRICA 3 

Telephone 185 P.O. Box 16 jel. Add.: "OHLTHAVER" 



S.WA.Annud, 19 



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EUROPEANS 

Rateable Value 
Area : Town 2,200 hectares. 



POPULATION 

. 6,863 Natives and Coloured* 7,847 

£2,199,083 

Commonape 41,000 hectares 



WINDHOEK 



Windhoek is the Administrative capital of the Mandated territory of South West 
Africa. It is the principal inland town and also the centre of the principal farming and 
Karakul sheep breeding districts. 

This pleasant township is well laid out in the best part of the country, with good 
pastoral land, at an elevation of about 5,534 feet above sea level and surrounded by a 
chain of picturesque mountain ranges. 

The town is served by a main railway line from De Aar to Walvis Bay (253 miles 
from Windhoek). The latter is the principal port of entry into South West Africa. The 
South African Airways maintain a regular tri-weekly air service between Windhoek 
and Cape Town and Windhoek and Johannesburg. 

Considerable Municipal improvements have been effected. These include an "A" 
Class Aerodrome, Zoological Gardens, Swimming Bath, Electrical Power Station, Water- 
works and Abattoirs, to which are attached Municipal Cold Storage Works for chilling 
meat for local purposes as well as for export purposes. Spacious exhibition halls and 
grounds have been prepared for the South West African Agricultural and Industrial 
Exhibitions. There is ample opportunity for sport, the town possessing tennis courts, 
a golf course, football grounds, bowling greens, etc. 

The Municipal Dam at Avis with a storage capacity of 900,000,000 gallons supplies 
the town with filtered water. Apart from this there are hot Water springs with pumping 
installations serving as a stand-by and reserve supply contingent upon extensive drought 
conditions. 

The town is also provided with a water-borne sewerage system. 
The Municipal Market is under direct control of the Council. 

There is a Public Library and a Museum. The latter was organised by the South 
West Africa Scientific Society. 

Excellent High and Primary Schools, both Government and Private, catei for all 
phases of educational requirements. 

The Municipal Council has drawn up a comprehensive post-war reconstruction 
scheme providing for considerable extensions of the town services and also new amenities. 
The amount involved is £1,000,000 approximately. 

There are large tracts of land within and without the town available for setdements 
and for industrial and business undertakings. These lands are all municipally owned 
and are sold at nominal rates. 

The post-war re-construction scheme includes the construction of a large new power 
station and water supply systems, providing cheap power and water for all purposes. 



88 



S.W.A. Annual, /c^ 




Travelogue — From 
Cape Town through 
South-West Africa to 
the Victoria FaUs. 



"Somewhere a foioe is calling." 

A 

„Erens roep 'n lokstem my." 



f people realise the vast area of Southern Africa 

was explored, discovered and opened up, as the 

result of the search for the mythical city of Mono- 

o. 

[onomotapo, from the earliest days of European 
nent, was the legendary city of untold wealth, 
ed to lie somewhere in Central' Africa. The 
icians sought it long before Van Rlebceck landed 
: Cape. Slave traders from the East and the West 
he North sought it in vain, but brought back 
rous talcs of its wealth. 

hey told of a people with long hair and clad in linen, 
inhabited the mythical city. 

Tiese tales were often discussed at the Casde, in old 
Town, in the days of the Dutch East India Company, 
t was not until 1760 that the matter went beyond 
a travellers* tale. In that year Jacobus Coetzec, a 
x of Piquetbcrg, went North across the Orange 'River 
yet named), discovered the hot springs at Warmbad, 
•eturned South to whet the appetite of other advent 
;. From then onwards others followed. 

lendrik Hop, the Captain of the Burgher forces at 

nbosch led an expedition in 1761. Wikar, the Swede, 

ted from the service of the Dutch East, Indian Com- 

and went North. Year after year men returned with 



IN 
SEARCH 

OF 



MONOMOTAPO 



tales from the North, and amongst these men were the 
venturesome African explorers Gordon Lc Vaillant, Anders- 
son, Chapman, Sir James Alexander, and Thomas Baines, 
the celebrated artist-explorer. 

Eventually the tale of Monomotapo became the African 
explorer's Shangri-la. It was set down as being somewhere 
in the neighbourhood of what is to-day Lake Ngami. No 
one has found Monomotapo, but many have sought it. 

Cecil Rhodes, pointing vaguely northwards, told the 
coming generation that there— to the North — lay their 
hinterland. 

Let us follow the vague directions ol Cecil Rhodes, 
and the footsteps of that bold, adventurous farmer, Jacobus 
Coetzee of Piquetbcrg. 

To-day, a wide, asphalt National road runs north- 
wards through the wheatlands of the "Boland". Pask 
Malmesbury and Moorreesburg, on to Piquetbcrg. Then 
comes the climb over Lady Grey Pass, from which there 
spreads below one of the most beautiful panoramic land- 
scape scenes in Southern Africa; on to Citrusdal, and then 
along the De Dooms river, winding and climbing, and 
dropping down again past citrus orchards and vegetable 
gardens, through wheat fields and along irrigation canals. 
Onward northwards, through Clanwilliam, the prosperous 
centre of a progressive farming district, founded by sailors. 

The country becomes less cultivated, more arid. Van 
Rhynsdorp, with the flat-topped mountain on which 
adventurous Victor Smith landed his plane, in his abor- 
tive^ attempt to break the London-Cape record, is left 
behind. 

Now and again, the traveller going north, passes a 
patient family of nomadic trekboers with their sheep and 
their goats, seeking grazing, only resting so long as the 
farmer on whose property they are, Will allow them. 
They follow the rains, and where there is grass, there you 
will find the trekboer. 



A. Annual, 1947 



90 



JIL Aroint f JLappsfutm 

LjJ vita citf K tMkjl Ttkrj V*r< ngtag vtf 5 W. Alrik* / MuglkJ dr-i K»r.v-;ut ZuchH#rdm |ur S"»iJw .^1 AffJki 
Mr^bcr Of Ibt rtarotoii Ort^Jcrj Af*orJitha lar SWA m 

Stambaoni vir'n gryj mm / Stammboum fiir einen grauen Ramm / Pedigree for a grey ram 



Ite^nwEfijt van lorn ^p *f* 
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lamU t 1 * '"' *" 1 'I* 1 



dc dj# 
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da* 



-I fc* Iwn in Helm* fsjn GKT 505 

1)4/ liter itirjii % i^w ^ ^ 



IIwjIn nit tJit 



v*kr 

Vaicf u.p.R, 8/J3 

Mi 



Kin 1 Err UM 66 



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normal 



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* kkhiinwfi df* OeuiJitf 
Covering 1 of fire 



[J£J alightly arahad 



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Aigerotne fr«rrtafn« me >op 
ft. < jrutrE? jndnkfh dn K**p-fr% 
On ippraraflnc of h^aft 



typical 



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tin 

B*dckkiOf ran Imp 
b betaemnf tk* Kopfei 

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silver 



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vary good 



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curled 



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long praasad pi pa a 


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U Behaarung drr Rtppes 
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t ... Bthaarung t.*?t Kruppr 
Covering ol ruoip 



prasaad pipas 



Beb>kiiAg »m SJ3 
IS, Bptuaructf drr Kwlr 

Covering of brrtrh IhwrttV 

HKtekktng vafl atrrt 
Id fkhjtfwig drt ScbwaEEja 

Cowin g of T»U 



tight brokan plpas 



our lad 



Bcdefcfciag tu pen* 

IT. &eb*irtmg dr« HaudM* - 
C&vertag of bell* 



curiae 






Hedtaliijig van bene 
lft Bchiarungdrr Oeioe »J worn 1 »*„_j 

_o*«riiif of legf fro< t i yqvaa 

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10 Ola silky 



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walileit n tirrirte yh liur 



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Demit? of cover uig _ 

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tt t Schw*nrlj£ldiiag typical 

TatlfnrmKkMi 



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meliuri- short 



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as 



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toward 9 tlia ha ad. 




M^|}fY|Y1tT Kaaps Farm, Box 111, Breeder of grey Karakul sheep and 

• VjllvSIlll WINDHOEK. pnw-bred Aberdeen Angus cattle. 

S.W.A. Annual, 1$ 



J 



In Search Of Mononwtapo 



Step in at any hotel, and you are sure to hear stirring 
talcs of the days when illicit diamond buying flourished 
in Namaqualand, following Merensky's discovery of un- 
told wealth in diamonds at Alexander Bay. 

Then Springbok, which is the traveller's haven, with 
tvro hotels, the equal of which, for comfort, cleanliness and 
ocurtesy is rarely encountered anywhere else in South 
^Africa. Here guttural Afrikaans, Oxford English, and 
nasal Yankee twang intermingle, for to the sheep farmers 
oi Namaqualand have been added the miners and mining 
engineers from England and America. 

O'okiep, with its copper mine, once got its supplies 
through Port Nolloth on a funny puffing little engine, on 
a narrow gauge line which has now been sacrificed to pro- 
gress. Supplies come up from the Cape by rail to Bitter- 
£ontein, and then in heavy lorries by road to O'okiep. 
F*erhaps more efficient, but less romantic than the old 
croastcrs at Port Nolloth, and the funny little railway line 
to O'okiep. 

In his journey the traveller can now proceed north- 

^^ards through Concordia and Goodhouse, or through 

Steinkopf and Vioolsdrift. The former follows Coctzee's 

-xroute through Warmbad where Moffat established 'his 

mission station, and where the hot waters still spring from 

t-lic earth as Coeizce described. 

Leaving behind the scene of the London Missionary 
Society's first mission station in South West Africa, the 
traveller has a feeling of unreality. At Goodhouse, in the 
centre of desolation, of black and mineralised rocks and 
cf uartz, and shirting sands, he saw an oasis in the desert, 
^""kre men harnessed the waters of the Orange River to 
serve their needs, holding them irom speeding away, to be 
lost in the Adantic ocean. Leaving these behind the 
country becomes arid and sparsely covered with light grass 
and bush. He has now come into the territory of South 
West Africa, with its recurring droughts, but ever pros- 
perous from its persian-iambskin harvest derived from 
karakuls — the black diamonds— pelts of new-born iambs. 

No time to inquire how man lives or animals exist in 
***is uninviting and unimpressive area. Onwards through 
karasburg, over the red sandy plains to Grunow, where 
the road from Vioolsdrift comes in. If his route took 
**im over Vioolsdrift the traveller must needs see what 
cooperation could do. On the south west side of the 
Grange River, the Union Government, with the agree- 
ment of the Administration of South West Africa, built a 
Sc Hc$ of canals. (Few people know that the boundary 
ketween the Union and South West Africa is the northern 
k*nk of the Orange River, and not the middle of the river, 

$W.A. Annud, 1947 




Although limited by funds the territory has a progressife 
policy. A low leiel bridge has been constructed across the Fish 
RiTer near Mariental. In former times during the rainy season 
the area west of Mariental, a rich* sheep farming district, vat 
often cut off for weeks on end when the Fish River came down 
in flood. 

Alhoewel beperk deur fondse, het die Gebied f n progressiewo pad- 
beleid. 'n Laagliggende brug is gebou oor die Yisriiier by 
Mariental. Yroeer, gedurende die reenseisoen, was die gebied 
wes Tan Mariental, 'n ryk skaap-boer distrik, dikwels fir weke 
lank afgesny as die Yisrivier in flood is. 



as is customary in some boundaries.) The Union could use 
the water up to the north bank, but they had to get a 
right of way along the north bank to complete the success 
of their irrigation scheme. The late Colonel Deneys Rcitz, 
as Minister of Lands, was the father of this scheme. To- 
day progressive settlements flourish along the river. 

From Grunow northwards the road passes through 
undulating country skirting the Great Karasburg moun- 
tains on the right with the Little Karasburg on the left. 
Outcrops of volcanic rock make an interesting contrast to 
the quartz and sandstone formations. The veld becomes 
more attractive although interspersed with that useless vege- 
tation—the melkbosch — which is green and that is all. 

On to Keetmanshoop and through to Mariental, all 
the way excellent sheep-farming country where struggling 
farmers of a few years ago with their herds of goats and 
afrikander and black-head persian sheep, became rich, 
almost miraculously, when they switched their stock to 
the breeding of karakul. Land, even in this area of sparse 
rainfall rocketed in 10 years from 5s. a hectare to 25s. a 
hectare and more. 

Past Mariental on to Rehoboth, curious relic of turbu- 
lent days of African expansion, and exploration. Rehoboth, 

01 



SPICERS (SA) LTD. 



> Manufacturing Stationers 
' Envelope Makers 

Paper Merchants 

Printers' Supplies 



Head Office : 

101 Anderson Street 
Johannesburg 



London Office : 

19, NEW BRIDGE ST., 
LONDON, E.C. 4. 

The Mark of Quality 

Trade Enquiries: Ludwig Sehroeder, Swakopmund. 




$&£ 



H. BITTER 



SWAKOPMUND 



P.O. Box 29 



Phone 83 



ROCK SALT 

COARSE SALT 

• • 




8.W.A. Agent: LUDWIG SCHROEDER, SWAKOPMt 



FURST BISMARCK 
HOTEL 

Proprietor : K. W, Klein. 

SWAKOPMUND 

Phone 30. P.O. Box 5( 

THE LEADING HOTEI 
IN SWAKOPMUNI 



» ^ ^^ *- ^^- ^*^- JS*** ^ ■* ■ ***< 



92 



S.W.A. Annual, 



In Search Of Monotnotapo 




Windhoek's modern high school with one of the sport* grounds 
in the foreground. 



Windhoek se moderne Hoerskool met een van die sportsgronde 
op die Toorgrond. 



part of the Mandated Territory, is reserved to a coloured 
community, the Bastards of Rehoboth. These people, kin- 
folk of the Griquas of East Griqualand and Griqualand 
West migrated northwards thr^igh the Gordonia district, 
and founded their own community before the Germans 
occupied South West Africa. The Germans respected their 
rights, and when South Africa conquered the Territory, 
these rights were continued. 

Possessing excellent pastoral country, the Bastards have 
not made the best of their heritage, but under intelligent 
guidance they are now improving, both in the farming of 
cattle and sheep. 

Still North to the capital of the Territory, Windhoek, 
leaving behind the flat red plains of Rehoboth, and over 
the winding road through the Auas mountains. The capital 
nestles in the foothills of these mountains, up-to-date, 
modern and progressive, with tarred roads, comfortable 
hotels, and a continental atmosphere. Beautiful gardens, 
private and public, entailing much work and care, relieve 
the drab, but picturesque hilly landscape. 



The seat of the Administration, and the centre of the 
Territory's commercial activity, Windhoek looks forward 
and is progressive. 

But the journey is long in search of Monomotapo, and 
we cannot tarry over iced German beer, or equally cold 
whisky and soda (yes, there's plenty of whisky). 

First eastwards, we now turn to go North. We follow 
the railway line to Gobabis, scene of a dream that failed to 
materialise. A railway line was built from Windhoek to 
Gobabis, which was really the continuation of the line from 
Walvis Bay to Windhoek. Gobabis was to become the 
"Gateway to the East," but the gateway, as far as the 
railway was concerned, remained unopened. Bechuanaland 
and the Rhodesias still cry out for an outlet on the West 
coast (Walvis Bay), but their cry goes unheeded. 

Speeding along to the border at Sandfontein, the 
traveller has to be told, to believe, that he has entered 
the Kalahari Desert. He sees rolling plains dotted jwith 
red sand dunes, but all covered with vegetation of grass 
and bush and trees. He sees prosperous farms, but no 



SW.A. Annual, 1947 



93 



A. KOELNER 

EXPORTER OF KARAKUL SKINS 

Cable Address: "FURKOELNER" 

P.O. Box 514 Telephone 674 

WINDHOEK, SOUTH WEST AFRICA 



Representatives — 

NEW YORK : BRITISH AMERICAN FUR CORPORATION, 
259, West 30th Strecf, New York. 
LONDON: KURT TUCH FUR LTD., 
Worcester House, Vintners Place, London, E.C.4. 



"I am proud of the high reputation of my deliveries and the 
good name of my strict assortment." 



CENTRAL BOTTLE STORE 

(Proprietor : LOTZ DE BEER) 

WINE & SPIRIT MERCHANT 

COMPLETE RANGE OF 
IMPORTED AND SOUTH 
AFRICAN LIQUEURS, WINES, 

SPIRITS, BEERS, ETC. 

IMPORTED CIGARS AND CIGARETTES 

SAFARIS, HUNTING PARTIES, PICNICS AND 
FAMILY OCCASIONS SPECIALLY CATERED FOR 



BUELO W STREET, WINDHOEK, SOUTH-WEST AFRICA 



94 



S.W.A. Annual, l 



In Search Of Monomotapo 




Waterhole at Ukualuthi. 



'n Watergat te Ukualuthi. 



^desert. It is only the lack of surplus water that gives it the 
name "desert". But this has been overcome by boreholes. 

A Police Post at the border, at Sandfontcin, recalls 

"^:o mind the tragic death of Mr. van Kyncvcld, the 

wnagistrate of Gobabis in 1926, from a poisoned Bushman 

narrow. A police expedition caught the Bushman. This is 

the country of the Bushmen. They still roam, shooting 

f^ame with their poisoned arrows, drinking water from 

buried caches of ostrich eggs filled with water, or from 

shallow underground streams though dong reed pipes, at 

points only known to themselves. They roam the country 

in bands, each band to its own area, an area as strictly 

demarcated as a town erf. 

On to Ghanzi, the remote farming colony established 
l>y trekboers in 1898, sent there by Cecil Rhodes. The road 
is now a winding track; on past places with romantic- 
bounding names — Deka, Gryspan, Cwaepan and Masar- 
^anyana to Sehitwa on the shores of Lake Ngami. 



Picturesque native stads or villages line the road to 
Maun. 

There is no Monomotapo, but there is something 
beyond Maun that is a "Monomotapo" not of material 
wealth, but of a richness which the eye alone can appreciate. 
The traveller passes the swamps of the Okavango, past the 
pans of Zeborogha and Tstsorogha, past the hills of Xgoha 
and through the villages of Kachikau and Kasane. Here 
the traveller may take in five countries, for it is the corner 
point at which South West Africa (Caprivi Zipfel), Angola, 
Northern Rhodesia, Southern Rhodesia and Bcchuanaland 
Protectorate meet. 

Across the great Zambesi lies Kasangulu, but the 
traveller foregoes the experience of crossing in a barge of 
singing boatmen, and keeps along the South Bank to cross 
the river on a modern bridge before reaching Livingstone. 

Just before journey's end he has found "Monomotapo". 
Domain of vast riches — the splendour of the Victoria Falls. 



Illustrated: 

1. Linter Lightir 
Plant. 

2. Climax Wir <] 
mill 



S. Lister 
Shearing 



Machii 
4. Worthington 
Deep Well Tt 
bine Pump. 




She 




Avoid trouble initially hy in stalling 

COMPLETELY RELIABLE EQUIPMENT 



Every unit which we Mpply curries ail 
assurance of Long and constant ser- 
vice to the owner 
BECAUSE our equipment is built to 

& standard of quality unsurpassed. 

WE MANUFACTURE AT VEREENIG1NG 

S. k L, Steel Tubes and 
Accessories 

Tubular Steel Pole a and 
Tubular Products 

Climax Oil Bath Windmills 

Climax Power Heads, Force 
Ht-ttils and Hand Pumps 

Worthing ton- Simpson Centri- 
fugal Pumps 

Gleufield Pumps and Sluice 
Valves 
Moreover, we supply: 

Lister Engines (Petrol and Diesel) ; 
Blm ketone Eagines (Diesel) ; Wor* 
thingtou and Worthington -Simpson 
Pumps and Pumping Equipment 
(complete range) ; GlenflaM Valve* 
and Water Specialities; Gilkes Wat«r 
Turbines; Lister Cream Separator*; 

Lister Sheep Shearing Equipment. 
Write for full particulars. 



Illustrated: 

i. Lister Diesel En- 
gine. 

6. Lister Cream 
.Separator. 

7. Climax Power 
Head. 

|. Worthington Cen- 
trifugal Pomp. 



^a 4. 8. 




STEWARTS AND LLOYDS OF SOUTH WEST AFRICA ?W 



P.O. BOX 101 OTJIWARONGO 

9fl 



LTD. 
P.O. BOX 309, WINDHOEK 

S.W.A. Annual, ig^j 




Lilies in the vlei— Okavango Yallcy. 



Leiies in die vlei— Okavango-Yallel. 




1 



The kraal of the Ovambo Chief Martin. 
S.W.A. Annual, 1947 



Die kraal van Martin die Ofambo-opperhoof. 



07 



r***'^*^***'^-*^'* 



SWAKOPMUND 



the seaside resort of South-West Africa 

A sojourn at the coast has the same effect as springtime on the re-awakening 
of Nature! 

The refreshing, cold bathe in the sea, the bracing sea-air that is free from 
dust, the healing sunrays and the hot sea-water baths all combine to afford 
to the tired soul, the over-wrought nerves; increasing appetite — deep and 
refreshing sleep — vitality and joy of life — recovery from diseases and over- 
work — in fine, a complete recovery and revival of the vital organs of the body. 
These are the beneficial effects and health-giving advantages of a visit to the 
coast, together with the eminently favourable influence of its natural medicinal 
sources on those who are healthy, HI or in need of recuperation, which can be 
enjoyed at the Health and 

the seaside resort of South-West Africa 



SWAKOPMllVD 




S.W.A. Annual, 1047 



PLAYGROUND OF THE TERRITORY - 



SWAKOPMUND 



QWAKOPMUND was founded in 1892 but it was not 
until the following year that the first dwelling house- 
was erected. Trade with the interior was opened up and 
Swakopmund became the jumping ofl ground for military, 
trading and mining expeditions to the interior. 

By 1895 six large commercial trading houses had estab 
lished themselves there. Two years later the town of 
Swakopmund was laid out and this was followed by the 
commencement of the construction of the railway line to 
Windhoek which had become the capital of the Territory. 
To protect shipping in the Harbour the Mole was con 
stiucted; in 1899 water mains were laid down. 

In 1903 the construction of the railway line from 
Swakopmund to Tsumeb was begun. It is interesting to 
note that there were two railways running practically 
parallel for nearly 150 miles. These railways were con- 
structed by private companies. 

Imports were on such a scale as to warrant the con- 
struction of a landing pier in 1905. Several years later a 
start was made to extend this but the first World War 
intervened. At the conclusion of hostilities Walvis Bay 
became the Port of Entry, and much of the trade passing 
through Swakopmund was lost. Nevertheless Swakopmund 
continued to serve the Territory not only as a commercial 




A bather at Swakopmund tickles the fancy of a baby penguin. 

'n Swemmer te Swakopmund Yerokaf prikkelende Yermaak aan 
*n pikkewyn-kuiken. 




k Siifer Cat, subsequently released, caught in a trap set 
for a leopard on an Okahandja farm. 

'n Silwerkat, later frygestel, in n slagyster geiang wat op 
die plaas Okahandja fir 'n lulperd gestel was. 



centre but was also developed as an educational centre. 
This is shown by the large number of schools and hostels 
which have been erected and serve the whole Territory. 

Its bracing and equable climate have not only benefited 
the large number of school children who take up residence 
there during the school term but it has also resulted in 
the town becoming well known as a holiday resort and 
convalescent centre. Particularly during the summer 
months, from October to March, the many hotels, pensions 
and private boarding houses are rilled to capacity. The 
town caters for sport for its guests in the way of swimming, 
fishing, tennis, golf, football and hockey. 

During December and January the Administrator of 
the Territory makes Swakopmund his headquarters and 
this results in several Departmental heads moving to the 
coast where meetings of the Executive Committee are also 
held. 



SW.A. Annual, 1947 



99 




27661 



OR short trips or long tours . . . business or 
pleasure . . . the Railways Tourist Department is 
specially equipped to facilitate travel by land, air or 
sea, and to offer expert advice about itineraries for 
journeys in any part of South Africa or adjoining 
territories. 

Quotations gladly given (without obligation to the 
enquirer) covering all costs, including hotel reserva- 
tions and any mode of transport. 

Just call at the Tourist Department of the 

SOUTH AFRICAN RAILWAYS 

At your service for 
AIR, RAIL & SEA TRAVEL 




J00 



S.W.A. Annual, 194 



ft 




"South West Africa Persian Lambskins can be looked upon as an established 
factor in the world fur market, and as long as furs continue to be purchased and 
worn the product of the South West African farmer will find a ready sale.' 



SATISFACTORY 

POSITION OF 

LAMBSKIN 

INDUSTRY 



has been a wonderful year not only foi the karakul 
farmers of South West Africa but also for the 
Territory as a whole. Veritably the karakul pelt, or to 
give it its trade name, the Persian Lambskin, has proved 
a Golden Fleece. This, despite one of the severest droughts 
which the Territory has experienced since it was settled by 
Luropcans. 

The drought affected the southern part of the Territory, 
which is mainly confined to sheep farming, more severely 
than other parts and led to an unprecedented exodus of 
karakul farmers with their flocks northwards where the 
country had enjoyed f a r rains and southwards across the 
border to the Union. Hundreds of thousands of sheep 
were moved and with changed conditions and altered 
routine it was expected that, apart from the mortality in 
the pelt-breeding flocks themselves, that the production of 
pelts would suffer not only in quality but in numbers. 

It was expected that figures for 1946 would show a 
marked depreciation. In 1945, 2,518,788 pelts were exported 
to a total value of ^4, 3 17,236. This gave an average value 
of 3)6/6. Final figures for 1946 are not available, but up 
to the end of October, the Territory had exported a total 
of 2,028,056 pelts of an approximate value of ^4,285,300. 
This gives an average price of 46/6. 

It will be seen that despite the drought and depleted 
flocks the production in 1946, with two months to go, is 
jcarccly half a million pelts below 1945. In financial return 
Jhe figure to the end of October is just slightly below that 
of the whole year of 1945. 

The reason for this was the marked rise and high prices 
paid both in the United States and in Great Britain for 
West African pelts from July to September. Towards 
end of the year there was a decline in overseas values, 
though this will be reflected in the eventual total 
to the South West African farmer, and, of course, 
average price, the general average will be considerably 
than 1945. 

S.W.A. Annual, /047 




6£.--™ 



Pure bred Karakul ram lambs receive balanced rations. 

Opreggeteelde karakoelram-Iammers ontvang gebalanseerde 
rantsoene. 

In previous issues we have detailed the various forms 
adopted by the South West African karakul farmer to 
market his pelts. In brer" they arc as follows. He may 
choose to sell his pelts on his farm to a travelling buyer 
of one of the export firms. He may send his pelts to 
Windhoek to be offered on tender to the principals of 
these same firms. He may choose to send his pelts through 
one of the co-operative societies to be sold for his account 
by auction through brokers overseas. Last but not least, he 
may send his pelts to the brokers direct or through their 
local agents. 

Considerable increase in patronage by farmers of over- 
seas brokers as a medium for the sale of their pelts took 
place during 1946. The two overseas fur brokers who deal 
exclusively with this type of business in South West Africa 
are Messrs. Hudson's Bay Company Pty. Ltd. and Messrs. 
Eastwood and Holt. (Inc.). 

Till recently all auction sales of South West African 
pers'an lambskins were confined to New York, but in 
October Hudson's Bay held a sale in London which broke 
all records. Great Britain had re-entered the fur market 
anil the first sale was an outstanding success. 

The following analysis of the various sales held during 

the year by these two organisations is of considerable 

interest. 

HUDSON'S BAY SALES— NF.W YORK. 

Market Tendency 



Market very firm. 

Market unchanged, good demand. 

Demand good, market advanced 

advanced 7 l /i%. 
Market keen and steady, advanced 

10%. 
Good demand but pi ices declined 

12/1 ?o. 

101 



Date 

20 January 

21 March 
1 May 


No. of 
Skins 
118.87^ 

,o8 -37S 

62,808 


Average 
Price 

4^/4 
39/6 
44/1 


16 September 


108,96s 


53/9 


24 October 


67,267 


43/0 



THE SOUTH-WEST AFRICA COLD 
STORAGE & STOCK FARMERS LTD 



Telegrams : "Zero."' 1 



WALVIS BAY 



Telephone No. 14. 



P.O. Box 17 





WHOLESALE AND RETAIL 
BUTCHERS. 






CONTRACTORS TO H.M. NAVY, 
AND TO SHIPPING & WHALING 






BUYERS AND EXPORTERS OF 






COMPANIES. 






CATTLE AND SHEEP ON THE 












HOOF. 












• 






STOCKS OF FRESH AND FROZEN 






EXPORTERS OF CHILLED AND 

FROZEN BEEF, MUTTON, PORK, 

FISH, Etc. 






MEAT, BUTTER, BACON, HAMS, 
FISH AND SMOKED FISH, Etc. 


















— ALWAYS 


Of 


V 


HAND — 





South West African Representatives : 

SOUTH WEST AGENCY CO., 
P.O. Box 217 Windhoek 




K. & L. TIMBERS LTD. 

Incorporating Hansford and Hansford, Ltd., May don Wharf, Durban. 

Head Office : ALBERT & NUGGET STREETS, P.O. Box 6994. 

Telegraphic Address : "Callie," Johannesburg. PHONE 22-1555 



1*2 



S.W.A. Annual, 



dory Position 



HUDSON'S BAY SALES— LONDON. 

47»3°5 56/6 Strong with solid competition. - 



LASTWOOD & HOLTS SALES— NEW YORK. 


I33»9»7 


4i/9 


Strong demand, 5% increase over 
November. 


157.389 


43/i 


Very strong demand, ~ l /*% ad- 
vance over January. 


A«43 


4<>/4 


Advance I2y 2 %. Very strong de- 
mand all grades. 


7«.$5i 


50/8 


Strong demand, advanced J l /i%. 


>43.5o* 


4</5 


• Declined 17^2% compared with 
August. 



Eastwood & Holt did nor inaugurate sales in London 



Nearly a million skins or approximately fifty per cent, of 
the production for 1946 were sold by farmers through these 
two brokerage houses. This indicates the increased popu- 
larity of this method of selling, which has been encouraged 
by farmers* co-operative associations which market their 
pelts in this form. 

The national income from karakul pelts in 1946 will, as 
shown above, exceed ^4,000,000. This figure represents 
approximately four-fifths of the Territory's overseas exports 
and fifty per cent, of the Territory's total exports (inclusive 
of exports to the Union). It is by far the most important 
product :'p the financial structure of South West Africa. 

Apart from indirect revenue accruing to the Adminis- 
tration from the karakul industry, the Administration 



i 





Karakul pelts are air dried on hessian frames in a 
akin room. Drought has, however, necessitated wide- 
kklng and the farmer must adapt himself to the con- 
dor which he finds himself on trek when lambing takes 
mm skins are put out in the open to facilitate drying. 



Gewoonweg word karakoelfelletjies op goiingsak-rame in 'n koel, 
lugtige vellekamer, gedroog. Die droogte het egter grootakaalae 
trekkery noodsaaklik gemaak en die boer moes homself aanpas by 
die omstandighede waarin hy hom beYind as hy op trek is in die 
lam-seisoen. Hierdie velletjies word dan in die ope lug gesit ohi 
die droogmaking te Yergemaklik. 



ssing the summary of market tendency, it must 
in mind that the brokers in calculating the figures 
r decline as compared with previous sales must 
y take into consideration the quality of the offer- 
veil as the actual prices paid. This will explain 
rerta'n instances the percentage rise or decline is 
I to the actual money figures given. 



derives direct revenue from a 2 1 / 2 per cent, ad valorem tax 
on all karakul pelts exported from the Territory. With the 
increased exports and higher values the Territorial income 
has increased proportionately. 1942-1943 the tax brought 
in £33,667. In 1945-46 the amount rose to £98,473, anc * U P 
to the end of October for the financial year 1946-47 the 



Annual, 1947 



108 






I 



I 



"A New and Revolutionary 
Method of sanitation . * . , n 

REPLACING THE BUCKET SYSTEM 

THE SEPTIC TANK 



ROSC 



Parent No. 991-1944 



SANITATION 



Where water-borne sewerage is not available, ROEC 
Sanitation is the new and complete answer to the sanitation 
S problem. It can be installed practically anywhere, and its 

chief advantages are summarised below : 

1. It is odour less* 5. It requires no maintenance. 

2. It is fly-free, 6. It is everlasting. 

3. It requires no water for its operation 7. It is foolproof. 



4, It has uo moving or wearing parts. 8. It does away with the bucket, 

pit or septic tank system*. 



AN IMPORTANT CONTRIBUTION TO COMMUNAL HEALTH 
For full particulars apply to the Sole Distributors; 

BELL'S ASBESTOS AND ENGINEERING 

J (AFRICA) LTD. 

HEAD OFFICE : BESTOBELL HOUSE, BOOYSENS RD., JOHANNESBURG 

JOHANNESBURG, P.O. BOX 4378 CAPE TOWN, P.O. BOX 1451 

DURBAN, P.O. BOX 139 PORT ELIZABETH, P.O. BOX 175 



;,•• 



104 ' S.W.A. Annual, i 9 tf 



arte. 




Orambo herd boy shearing Karakul ewe. Who ihears him? 

'n Ofambo skaapwagtertjie akeer 'n karakoel-ooi. Wie tkeer 

horn? 




KarakBl alaaa fai ile 



MAX HERRLE 




Established 
. . 1905 



SWAKOPMUND 
P.O. Box 110 




8.W.A. Agent: LUDWIO SCHROEDER, SWAKOPMUND. 

106 ' 



fimeUccvn 




ARAKUL 



xpor 



ers 



K. L. Stem (Owner /Manager) 

P.O. Box 275 WINDHOEK. Bankers Standard Bank of 8.A 
Telephones 9162 and 9092. Tel. Address/Cables: "STAR* 



M. GOLDSTEII 

(PTY.) LIMITED 

General Merchants 

BOTTLE STORE PROPRIETORS 
AND PRODUCE BUYERS 

OUTJO, SOUTH WEST AFRICA 

P.O. Box 35 Telephone 

* 
Special facilities for: 

Touring Parties and Safaris 
Etosha Pan Game Reserve, Kaok 
veld, Ovamboland and Ango 



Licensed to sell Arms and Ammunition a 
Explosives 



S.W.A. Annual, 



Satisfactory Positioti 




Farm Brockenfels. An oasis in the Namib Desert. 



Territory had received ^78,509 from the Karakul Kxport 
Tax. 

There arc many people who despite the steady rise in 
the demand and the consistent values obtained in the sale 
0; karakul pelts, contend that it is a luxury article which 
may recede at any time. This contention is not borne out 
by fact. To compare karakuls with ostrch leathers is to 
compare bread with cake. The karakul pelt is a fur and 
the world, particularly the colder northern parts, must have 
furs. There can, of course, be a depreciation in values, but 
iurs will always be in demand. 

As far as the South West African Persian Lambskin is 
concerned, it holds a very satisfactory position not only in 
the lambskin trade but n the fur market generally. The 
quality is good, the pelt has, in general, an excellent lustre, 
and its lightness when dressed and dyed adds considerably 

S.W.A. Annual, 1947 



Die plaas „ Brockenfels." 'n Oase in die Namib- woestyn. 



to its popularity. A factor which contributes to its satis- 
factory position, to a not inconsiderable extent, is the free 
market established and ma'titained in the sale of South 
West African pelts. These are sold in the world market 
at the prevailing world market price. There arc no mono- 
polies, Government or otherwise, which lay down price 
limits. Nor are there any agencies at work, as is the case 
with Persian Lambskins produced in other parts of the 
world, which agencies have the authority to withdraw pelts 
offered at auctions if the price should not come up to expec- 
tations. The world fur buyer knows and appreciates this. 
For these reasons South West Africa Persian Lambskins 
can be looked upon as an established factor in the world 
fur market, and as long as furs continue to be purchased 
and worn the product of the South West African farmer 
w'll find a ready sale. 



107 






HOTEL ATLANTIC 



p£l 



WALVISBAY &*£ .-c, WALVISBAY 




Under the personal Management and Supervision of Mr. and Mrs. F. J. V. Martins. 
CLEAN, MODERN and UP-TO-DATE ACCOMMODATION — EXCELLENT TABLE. 

Imported and S.A. Wines and Liqueurs 
P.O. Box 46 Telegrams : "MARTINS" Telephone 29 



SOUTH WEST AFRICA 
SALT COMPANY (Pty.) LTD. 



SWAKOPMUND 



PHONE 72 P.O. BOX 42 



PRODUCERS OF 
SALT AND GUANO 



A LONELY 
WATERPLACE 
IN THE 
KALAHARI 



l^ROM the Orange in the scuth to the Okavango in the 
north, the eastern part of South West Africa is 
called the Kalahari. Ranges of dunes stretching from 
N.W. to S.E. covered with grass and scanty trees arc 
characteristic in the southern parts whilst further north, 
plains, interrupted by thorny thickets, constitute the 
Rung veld and Kaukauvcld. 

**Kalahari Desert*' it is called on old maps. Yet our 
conception of a desert is quite different. The Kalahari is 
a beautiful grassland. The reason for this misunderstanding 
was because of the scarcity of water. Only for a short time 
after the rains had fallen when vlcis and pans were filled 
with water could the old travellers and hunters live in 
that part. For most part of the year tribes of wandering 
bushmen were the only inhabitants. 

The last two decades have brought about a remarkable 
change. Boreholes have been sunk; anthrax, the dangerous 
cattle disease, has been vanquished; and soon the vast plains 
in the East with their excellent pasture only partly utilized 
so far, will be turned into farmland and then this retreat 
of bushmen and game will have vanished for ever. 

Far away from civilisation lies a lonely waterplace 
! where the water in a small pan attracts the game. During 
the rainy season three cavities are tilled with clear water 
which lasts sometimes till as late as August or September. 

An old ox waggon track leads us to the place. One of 
our natives running in front of the old Ford lorry as a 
guide shows the driver ant-bear holes and hidden tree 
stumps. 

Putting and snorting the old vehicle creeps mile after 
mile through heavy sand until a dark group of trees is 
glimpsed on the horizon. It is our destined camping place, 
a small forest of Whitchorn Acacias where thick branches 
will provide shelter and shade for our lorry and enable us 
to approach the water holes unseen. 

On the narrow game paths, zigzagging between the 
scrub we find many footprints. Most numerous are Red 
tiartebcest and Gcmsbok mingled with Kudu and a few 
•blue Wildebeest and Eland. Duiker and Stecnbuck are 
Regular guests. They were here a short while ago; and only 
o few hours may have passed since a great Warthog boar 



THIS VAST VELD 

NOT YET SPOILED 

BY HUMAN 

CIVILIZATION 



>>:•£: 




Antheaps abound in South West Africa. Here is a good specimen 
which illustrates a curious feature of many antheaps. They 
lean over to the northwest, as the farmer in the picture is indi- 
cating and many old trekkers look upon this as an infallible 
method of determining their compass direction. 

Miershope is volop in Suid-Wes-Afrika. Hier is 'n mooi voorbeeld 
wat 'n eienaardige kenmerk van bale miershope illustreer. Hulle 
hel oor na die noordweste, soos die boer in die portret aanwys. 
Baie ou trekkers beskou dit as 'n onfeilbare metode om hulls 
kompas-rigting aan te dui. 



passed this way. Everywhere we sec the dainty tracks of 
Jackals and Wild Cats. Here, a Hyena went down to the 
water, there fresh traces of a Caracal and a Leopard. 

Suddenly, we find a childlike footprint of a human 
being. Evidently the waterholes arc used by bushmen. 
By now they will know that we arc here. We will have 
to expect an early visit. We dec 'tie to return to the Camp 
and wait until these, the world's best hunters, arrive. 
We shall try to engage them as guides. 

Half an hour passes. Nobody is to be seen. We know 
that all our doings are carefully watched by greedy, hidden 
i yes. An hour passes and three of four of these small 
savages approach. Quietly we await them. Cautiously the 
naked figures covered only by a small apron come closer. 
Their weapons, bow and poisoned arrows, lie hidden 
behind them. 

A few yards from us they squat down and wait. 

"Omaka." 

We offer them some tobacco and the spell is broken. 
It is impossible for us to understand their language with 
its clicks, and only after long and difficult negotiations and 
gesticulating do they understand what we want. 



S.W.A. Annual, i<pf7 



109 




F. L. MERTENS (Ply.) LTD. 



WINDHOEK 



P.O. Box 349 — 
Established at 



- Telephone 470 
St. Petersburg 



(Russia) in 1828 
Established at Windhoek in 1928 

BREEDERS OF PURE 

BRED KARAKULS 

EXPORTERS OF 

KARAKUL SKINS 



WECKE & VOIGTS 



IMPORT 



PVREBRED & HIGHGRADE 
BREEDING STOCK 



EXPORT 



WE SUPPLY : Groceries, Drapery, Boots, Soft Goods, Ironware, Provisions, 
Liquors, Agricultural Machinery, Kaffir Truck, etc. 

WE BUY and take on commission : All Farm Produce, KARAKUL WOOL A 
SPECIALITY. 



BREED 



NG STOCK from our Friesland, Red-Poll, Simmenthaler and Devon 
Cattle. Purebred and High-grade Karakul Rams. Saddle Horse 
Stallions and Mares. 



WINDHOEK — OKAHANDJA — SWAKOPMUND — GROOTFONTEIN 



no 



S AV. A. Annual K 1947 



A Lonely Waterplace 




To the hunter the spoils— "biltong." 



Die buit van die jagter— biltong. 



To-morrow morning when the sun rises they must be 
a: the camp to accompany us as guides. They are ready 
to come because they know quite well that when the white 
man is hunting there will be an abundance of venison 
and that their hollow bellies will, in a few days, be rilled 
and taut like a drum. 

The sun goes down rapidly. Dusk and then darkness 
sets in. Under the glittering sky we sit round the camp-fire, 
sipping our special hunting drink, proved on many days, 
"cold duck" or in other words, red- .vine with lemon chips 
and water. Talk veers naturally to shooting trips in times 
gone by and is every now and then interrupted by the 
voices of the wilds; the howl of a jackal, one starts and 
from all directions the answers come; the short bark of a 
tar away leopard; the hoarse "hui-hui" of a hyena; the 
Eagle Owl shouts its hollow "hoo-hoo" and the Kudu 
snorts in the nearby thicket. 

It is late in the night, the scorpion stands high on the 
fiimament; we turn in and are at once asleep. 

The first streak of dawn cannot yet be seen although 
the Morning Star is high in the sky. Still tired, the boy 
creeps slowly out of his warm blankets. He re-kindles 
trom the dim glow of last night's fire and the bright flames 



appear. Slowly the kettle starts to sing. Suddenly the 
bushmen appear in the firelight from nowhere. Soon now, 
it will be light enough to bring V-sight and corn together. 

Out we go. With long elastic steps in front of me the 
bushman, mere sinew. Slowly I come to recognise the 
various landmarks. At first grey in grey and soon with a 
silvery glow in the first sunrays the tops of the Aristida grass 
wave in the faint morning breeze. 

Here and there are a few lonely Camel thorn-trees. 
Amongst the sturdy crooked branches I can distinguish a 
huge nest. As we approach the old vulture quietly flies 
away with slow but powerful strokes of its enormous wings. 
Sharply and metallically the big leaves of an Omupanda 
rustle, most of which have already dropped during the 
long weeks of drought. Every now and then we needs 
must pass a dense bush or a witch ring, this peculiar 
formation, where the bushes stand in a circle as if planted 
with the help of a compass. On sandy patches, we find 
numerous footprints of all kinds of game. Ceaselessly the 
eyes of the bushman wander from left to right, from north 
to south. Instinctively he avoids by graceful movement 
every thornbush and ant-bear holes hidden in the grass, 
whilst I cannot prevent my arms bleeding from scratches. 



S.W.A. Annua}, 1947 



111 



Buy From The Entrepot of S.WA 

REGULAR CONSIGNMENTS ARRIVING DAILY 
FROM ALL FOUR CORNERS OF THE GLOBE 



GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS 

ANIMAL FOODS AND 

VETERINARY PREPARATIONS 

MEDICINES AND 

TOILET REQUISITES 

PAINTS AND 

PAINTERS' REQUIREMENTS 

OILS, LUBRICANTS AND PETROL 

GENTS', LADIES' AND 

CHILDREN'S OUTFITTING 

PIECE GOODS AND 

HABERDASHERY 

SADDLERY AND 

TRAVELLING GOODS 



APOTHECARYWARE 
BUILDING MATERIALS 
FENCING MATERIALS 
BUILDERS' HARDWARE 
TOOLS 

AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY 
IRRIGATIONAL REQUIREMENTS 
BICYCLES 

MOTOR CAR AND 

BICYCLE ACCESSORIES 

ENAMELWARE AND 

KITCHEN UTENSILS 

DAIRYING REQUIREMENTS, 

ETC., ETC. 



ALL FARM REQUISITES OUR SPECIALITY 
WE PAY HIGHEST PRICES FOR ALL PRODUCE 

M. PUPKEWITZ & SONS (PTY.) LTD, 

Wholesale & Retail Merchants. Direct Importers & Produce Merchants 



P.O. BOX 140 



TELEPHONES 881 ft 9190 



WINDHOEK 

Branches : — 

M. PUPKEWITZ & SONS (PTY.) LTD., K ALKR AND, General Dealers and Hotel 
Proprietors. 

SLEITH DAVIS & CO., General Dealers and Bottle Store, P.O. Box 122, WINDHOEK. 



* 



A Lmiely Waterplacc 




s 



s 



ae 



s 

© 

fa 
"5 

I 



S.W.^. Annual, i^j 



113 



§X§ 



iX§X = XsX^Xi 



!XI 



IXI 



^^Xa 



X 

III 
III 
111 

X 

III 

X 

1 

X 

1 

X 

no 

X 

III 

X 

III 

X 

III 

X 

1 

X 



SOUTH WEST AUCTIONEERS 

Auctioneers, Brokers and Commission Agents 

Suppliers of Waterpumping and Agricultural Equipment 



(PTY.) 
LTD. 



AUCTIONEERING DEPARTMENT 

Farms for Sale — Always on hand 

Auction Sales arranged and conducted 
throughout the country 

Forwarding of Livestock to Union mar- 
kets undertaken 

Buying Commissions reliably and expertly 
executed 

Purebred bulls and Karakul rams a 
speciality 



TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT 

Waterpumping equipment of all descrip- 
tions 

Diesel and Power paraffin engines, H/£ 
to 150 h.p. 

Windmills, piping, cylinders and reser- 
voirs 

Radios and refrigeration equipment 

All steel drilling machines and drilling 
tools 



X 

II 

X 

II 

X 

I! 

X 

II 

X 

III 

X 



Building material 



P.O. BOX 61 
PHONE 852 



WATERBORING CONTRACTORS 

WINDHOEK, S.W.A. 



Fencing material 



Telegrams : 
"AFSLAERS." 



^x=x = 



= Xi 



eX = X^X = 



I 



CENTRAL MOM I I 

Modern and Comfortable O UTJ O High-class Catering 



Telephone 14 

Telegrams : 
"RUCH," OUTJO 




• • 



Under the Personal 
Management of 

Mr. and Mrs. H. RUCH 



• • 



Make the "Central" Your Headquarters for Visits to the 

ETOSHA PAN GAME RESERVE and NORTH 

EASTERN DISTRICTS 



114 



S.W.A. Annual, iq+j 



A Lonely Waterplace 



Suddenly he stands immobile. Only a slight movement 
of head and underlip indicates the direction. There, not 
fifty yards away from me, a Duiker walks slowly through 
a small Omuramba. His back is slightly arched, the head 
down to the ground and the small tail wagging ceaselessly. 
I shake my head, "not this Duiker." A Blue Wildebeest 
is what I am after. I know of a most beautiful bull with 
a capital trophy which has been grazing here for several 
years. 

Wc carry on. There to the right two red spots between 
the high grass. A pair of Stcenbuck arc feeding calmly 
on a Grevia. We pass by and leave them in peace, also 
the jackal, which is stalking Guinea-fowl with their 
"tarring" a few hundred yards away. Calling of these birds 
does not disturb the buck, whilst the jabbering white-quilled 
Korhaan will always serve as a guard and chase the game 




Again the bushman stops. There, far in the open 
prairie, I can recognise with the help of my telescope six 
Oryx feeding quiedy on the glittering Atistida. They are 
all full-grown animals with spear-shaped horns and remark- 
ably pronounced black and white designs on their foreheads. 
Stalking would be easy under the circumstances, but I 
have made up my mind — it must be the old Wildebeest 
bull to-day. The bushman shakes his head greatly dis- 
appointed. How will he ever understand these white 
people. We change direction not to disturb the Oryx which 
hf their flight might frighten the other game. 

Another hour passes. Slowly and carefully I put my 

IWai, Annntl, iof7 




Bushmen types. 
Boesman tipes. 

feet down into the ever hotter growing sand. vSoon feeding 
time will be over. With bellies full the buck will lie down 
in the scanty shade of the Acacia trees. The bushman 
draws my attention to the fresh scents of Hartebeest. And 
there wc recognise distinctly the oversized clearly cut foot- 
prints of the Wildebeest bull. As fast as wc can, without 
making too much noise we follow the track. Suddenly the 
bushman goes down on his knees and points through the 
bushes. 

Gradually, my eyes focus and I am able to make out 
fifteen to twenty Hartebeest lying in the shade. But -no 
sign of the prize. 

Quietly we sneak on our knees through the grass. 
All of a sudden, to my left, the Hartebeest spring up and 
gallop away. I jump up to gain a better view. There at 
the tail, there he is. His head down, his tail up, galloping 
for all he is worth. Without hesitation, without aiming, 

I let drive just to see the bull disappearing in the next 

thicket. 

We walk up, no blood, no hair, the footprints remain 
the same — a clean miss. Wc sit down and wait until the 
animals have quietened down again and vigilance will be 
less. A gigantic nest of the sociable Weaver gives us a 
welcome shade. With a crackling noise the little birds shoot 
out from their nestholes. Only a pair of beautiful pigmy 
Falcons which have taken possession of a hole in this nest, 



lift 



GROSSHERZOG 
HOTEL 

(PTY.) LTD. 

WINDHOEK, S.W.A. 



S.W.A.'s 

Premier 

Hotel 



RIGHT IN THE HEART 
OF THE CITY 



Under the personal supervision of 
MR. & MRS. HARDY LOUBSER 

Telegrams: -GROSSHERZOG" 
Telephone 164 P.O. Box 90 



M'CORMICK* PEERING 




"$Jc^ 




INTERNATIONALS! 




INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER 
COMPANY, S.A (PTY.) f LTD. 

SYDNEY ROAD — — DURBAN, 



116 



S.W.A Annual, tyjy 



1 Lonely Waterplace 




3 Bushmen types. 

Boesman tipes. 

main quietly seated on their branch. It is delightful to 
c how skilfully they catch locusts on the wing. Next to 
c on the ground a dead Dickpens is devoured cannibally 
r its brothers and sisters. 

The cigarette is finished. The bushman is in a hurry, 
gain quietly and carefully we follow the tracks. The first 
tld gallop jumps arc succeeded by a trot and eventually 
e footprints indicate that the herd has started feeding 
;ain. Two to three miles are covered when the bushman 
)ints to the right. And surely — in the shade of a 
imelthorn-trce — about 150 yards away, slightly drowsy, 
ands "my bull." 

After the shot he docs about 100 yards and then he 
•eaks down with a groan. When I walk up to him his 
res are broken. The bullet has struck his high blade 
rhich, of course, for any sportsman-like hunter is the most 
rautiful shot. Whilst enjoying my pipe the bushman gets 
iisy taking out all the entrails and covering the carcas with 
vigs and grass, not to forget the piece of paper tied to a 
ick to scare away jackals and vultures. 

The sun has passed its zenith two hours ago. Since 
awn wc have been at it. I have not the faintest idea 
rherc camp and waterplace are hidden. Evenly monotonous 
rithout landmarks stretches the endless sandvcld in the 
:our directions of the compass. Yet without a moment's 
hesitation, my brown companion takes his bearings, chooses 



his direction, and marches off with a swiftness that I find 
difficult to follow. Within two hours I notice the little 
forest in front of us in which our camp is situated. I have 
to admit that I am mighty glad because I cannot feel my 
legs any longer. A kudu bull, jumping out of a thicket 
to the left receives a cheerful glance and so does the 
warthog sow with her offspring. 




V % * 



Near the camp we come across four Delalandes Foxes, 
whilst a pair of Secretary Birds stalk gravely through high 
grass in search of their prey. 

Late in the evening we hear through the still night 
the rattling of the scotch-cart on which the bushmen and 
his helpers bring back my bull. The two blades go to the 
natives. The rest will be worked into biltong to-morrow. 
In two days' time we shall have full moon. Wc shall have 
more meat then. Our brown friends will rejoice in one 
of their dances with rattles and clapping of hands and 

stamping of feet The monotonous melodies sung by 

high pitched voices and the hoarse cries will last from 
the early hours of the night until dawn breaks. The 
ccstacy is often carried so far that the dancers fall to the 
ground in a deep faint from exhaustion. 

We sit round the flickering fire and plan our. hunt 
for the three days which wc still intend to spend in this 
vast veld not yc£ spoiled by human civilisation and practise 
the game of our forefathers, the passion of which has been 
inherited by us out of times long gone by. 

And after we have gone stillness will reign again and 
buck and bushman will be the sole masters of this lonely 
waterplace in the Kalahari. 



S.W.A. Annual, 1947 



m 



Bus Box 581 



Tel. Add. : %i Vetvee. 



Tel. : 143 



AAAREE & BOSMAN S.W.A. RSK 

AFSLAERS EN EXPORTEERDERS VAN LEWENDEHAWE — LAND- EN ALGEMENE 

AGENTE 

AUCTIONEERS AND LIVESTOCK EXPORTERS — LAND AND GENERAL AGENTS 

Die mees vooruitstrewende Firma in die Lewendehawe-handel van S.W.A. 

The most progressive Firm in the Livestock Trade of S.W.A. 

GERNE DIENEN WIR AUCH UNSEREN DEUTSCHEN FARMERN! 



Raadpleeg ons vir: 

• Organiseer en hou van VENDUSIES 

• UITVOER van L.EWENDEHAWE na 
die Unie-markte 

• Koop en verkoop van PLASE en ander 
EIENDOMME 

• Lewering van PHENOTHIAZINE, 
KOSSOLIAN TETRASOL, en ander 
Veeartseny Medisynes. 



Consult us for : 

• Conducting of AUCTION SALES 

• EXPORT of LIVESTOCK to 
Union markets 



the 



Buying and selling of FARMS and 
other PROPERTIES 

Supplying of PHENOTHIAZINE, 
KOSSOLIAN TETRASOL and other 
Veterinary Medicines. 



ONTHOU ons is altyd met plesier tot u diens. REMEMBER we are always with pleasure at 



vour service. 



BUELOWSTRAAT/STREET WINDHOEK 



UNIVERSAL DISTRIBUTORS 

(PTY.) LTD. 



DIRECT IMPORTERS' 



Manufacturers' Representatives and Distributors, with 
Selling Organisation to Cover the whole territory of 

South West Africa 



^WINDHOEK, SOUTH WEST AFRICA. 



Tel. Add.: UNIVERSAL. 



P.O. Box 9 



Telephone 9094 



ENQUIRIES INVITED FROM UNION AND OVERSEAS MANUFACTURERS 



118 



S.W A. Annual. 194J 





mks 



"Helen," the niece of Chief Martin. 
..Helen," die niggie van opperhoof Martin. 



A dusky "Dorothy Lamour"— a young Ondongua woman, 
n Donkerkleurige ,, Dorothy Lamour"— *n jong Ondongua-vrou. 




Oumbo girls circle round the thrashing floor— singing, dancing, 
always. 



Ovambo-meidjies sing en dans gedurig al om die dorsvloer. 



F. C. U. 




S. W. A. 

FROM STRENGTH TO STRENGTH 

During the 29 years of our establishment we 
have sold produce on behalf of our members 
to the value of £47,078,175 lis. 4d. In the 
same period we have paid dividends and 
bonuses to our members to the amount of over 
£200,000. Our buildings and other assets 
valued at over £300,000 are free of any bond. 

Since our establishment in South West Africa 
just over a year ago, 1,600 Karakul Pelt Pro- 
ducers in the Territory have become members 
of our Organisation. Furthermore, three of 
the oldest co-operative companies, viz : — 

The Omaruru Karakul Producers (Pty.), 

Ltd.; 
The Northern Karakul Pelt Agricultural 
Co-op. Co., Ltd., Kalkfeld; 
and 

The Outjo Karakul Producers (Pty.), Ltd., 
have recently joined us and in future the 
business of these co-ops. will be transacted by 
the F.C.U. at their respective centres. We 
have shipped 350,000 pelts during the past 
season on behalf of our members for sale in 
overseas 9 markets. 

Your interests are our interests and our 
profits are your profits. Join up and share in 
them. Only BONAFIDE farmers are permitted 
to become shareholders. 

We render service, not only in the sale of 
Karakul pelts, but also in the handling of your 
wool, hides and skins and in the purchasing of 
your farming requirements. 

FARMERS' CO-OPERATIVE 

WOOL & PRODUCE UNION 

LIMITED 

For further particulars refer to our 

HEAD OFFICE, S.W.A. 

WINDHOEK 

P.O. BOX 786 
or to our nearest Branch (Wim/r. 



SELMAR 
SANDEL0WSKY 



WINDHOEK 



PERSIAN 
IAMB 

(Export) 



i 



II 



ALSO FARMS- 

Registered Stud of 

PUREBRED HIGH-GRADE 
GREY KARAKUL SHEEP 



120 



S.WJi. 'Annual, 1947 



ttm 



THE CENS US. 

renins flgora show some 

bat it win be Decenary to wait 

il analysis of group*, callings, language* 

, before 




propei concli 



can be 



One obvious feature in the present figures is 
the drift of both Europeans and natives into the 
towns. In 1936 the position was as follows :— 
Europeans in urban areas 1 1.839 
Europeans in rural areas 18,838 

At prevent the position is as follows :— ' 

Europeans in urban areas 18,550 
Europeans in rural greas 19,470 

Difference . . 920 

In the ten years since 1936, the Non-European 
population in urban areas has increased from 
11,734 to 19,695. The vast majority of the Non- 
Buro pe a ns are still, of course, in rural areas. 

These figures show that, while the European 
■rhan population has increased in ten years by 
6.71 1, the European rural population has increased 
by only 632. It is probable that, from now 
" , there will only be slight increases in the 
a rural population, as the end of further 

I settlement is already in sight. As our readers 

an probably aware, there are not enough farms in 
existence or in prospect to satisfy even the demands 
of those fanners who are already in the country. 
This means that, before very long, the population 
in the towns will be greater than the population 
in the rural areas. 

The following figures may be of some interest 
so oar readers:— 

1913 (Last German census) 14,830 Europeans. 
1921 (First Union census) 19.432 Europeans. 
1936 30,677 Europeans. 

1946 38,020 Europeans. 

In regard to Non-Europeans the position is 



POPULATION CENSUS 1946 — EUROPEANS. 

Preliminary Figures y 1946, compared with Final Figures in 1936 Census. 



1913 


No census. 


1921 


. . 208.605 (estimated). 


1936 


.. 261.724. 


1946 


. . 269.569. 


It will 


be seen that the Non-European 



population has increased by relatively little in the 
ast ten years. The Coloured population has 
actually decreased by about 12,000. 



District 

or 
town 


Totals for each Magisterial district. 






Totals for Urban Areas only. 




Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 




1946 


1936 


1946 


1936 


1946 


1936 


1946 


1936 


1946 1936 


1946 


1936 


Bethanie 


486 


342 


424 


282 


869 


624 


95 


— 


104 — 


199 


— 


Gibeon 


1,706 


1,596 


1,516 


1.282 


3,220 


2.878 


— 


77 


— 78 


— 


155 


Mariental . . 


— 




— 




— 




312 


195 


266 173 


578 


366 


Gobabis 


1,969 


1,690 


1,796 


1,389 


3,765 


3,079 


398 


223 


375 192 


778 


415 


Grootfontein . . 


1,347 


1.076 


1,246 


942 


2,493 


2,018 


239 


198 


258 185 


497 


383 


Karibib 


662 


584 


773 


509 


1,626 


1,093 


156 


73 


162 80 


318 


153 


Usakos 


— 




— 




— 




612 


346 


483 298 


945 


644 


Keetmanshoop 


1,561 


1,664 


1,498 


1.422 


3,044 


3,086 


831 


527 


816 516 


1,647 


1,043 


Luderitz 


840 


970 


764 


743 


1,594 


1,713 


416 


455 


408 391 


824 


846 


Aus 


— 




— 




— 




108 


102 


96 101 


206 


203 


Maltahohe 


487 


312 


894 


253 


831 


565 


103 


— 


122 — 


225 


—5 


Okahandja . . 


674 


621 


602 


506 


1,276 


1,127 


350 


219 


273 216 


628 


436 


Omaruru 


646 


470 


667 


396 


1,112 


866 


801 


205 


334 211 


686 


411 


Otjiwarongo . . 


1,168 


1.231 


1,111 


1.015 


2,264 


2,246 


423 


198 


445 173 


868 


37 


Outjo .. 


1,289 


517 


1,066 


421 


2,376 


938 


830 


152 


291 117 


621 


269 


Ovamboland :. 


48 


40 


50 


58 


92 


98 






— 






Rehoboth 


678 


732 


619 


557 


1,092 


1.289 






— 






Swakopmund 


1,874 


630 


1,182 


599 


2,396 


1,229 


738 


584 


616 565 


1364 


1,149 


Walvis Bay 


— 




— 




— 




416 


— 


216 — 


682 


— 


Warmbad 


1,184 


927 


1,066 


859 


2,190 


1,786 


116 


86 


131 91 


246 


177 


Karasburg . . 


— 




— 




— 




166 


— 


130 — 


296 


— 


Windhoek 


8376 


3,162 


3,916 


2.880 


7,792 


6.042 


3379 


2.466 


3,464 2,346 


6368 


4,812 


Total .. 


19,696 


16,564 


18,424 


14,113 


88,020 


30.677 


9,888 


6,106 


9,162 5.733 


18360 


11.839 



POPULATION CENSUS 1946 — NON-EUROPEANS. 

Preliminary Figures, 1946, compared with Final Figures in 1936 Census. 



F 





Totals for each N 






Totals for urban Areas only. 


District of Town 


fagisterial district. 






Coloureds 










Natives 








Asiatics 


Coloureds 


Natives 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 




Female 


Total 




1946 1936 


1946 


1936 


1946 1936 


1946 


1936 


1946 


1936 


1946 


1936 


1946 


1936 


1946 


1936 


1946 


1936 


Bethanie 


— 


1,748 


1,838 


688 26 


148 


— 


184 


— 


288 


— 


46 


— 


27 


— 


78 


— 


Gibeon 


1 2 


4304 


4,506 


8360 2,021 


— 












— 












Mariental.. 


— 


— 




— 


881 


246 


288 


295 


460 


541 


881 


179 


884 


238 


766 


417 


Gobabis 


— 


8386 


2,278 


11389 8,801 


78 


74 


66 


71 


148 


145 


688 


278 


648 


301 


1381 


579 


Grootfontein 


— 


4,166 


4,485 


10340 7,801 


68 


56 


71 


49 


189 


105 


680 


218 


869 


183 


889 


401 


Karibib 


— 


110 


430 


6388 4,166 


7 




18 




80 




881 




266 




497 




Usakos 


— 


— 




— 


8 


44 


8 


54 


17 


98 


716 


597 


678 


714 


1388 


1,311 


Keetmanshoop 


4 3 


7380 


6,495 


2381 1.766 


844 


545 


1,176 


787 


8,120 


1.332 


846 


184 


897 


154 


648 


338 


Luderitz 


65 3 


1388 


1,507 


2,712 2,966 


640 




481 




1381 




680 




861 




881 




Aus 


— 


— 




— 


188 


564 


166 


565 


878 


1,129 


80 


604 


16 


324 


46 


928 


Maltahobe .. 


— 


1348 


1,568 


1379 391 


146 


— 


199 


— 


847 


— 


78 


— 


48 


— 


189 


— 


Okakahandja 


— 


819 


504 


6,797 5,877 


41 


46 


6 


18 


47 


64 


528 


405 


448 


320 


864 


725 


Omaruru 


— 


884 


337 


7381 6,461 


48 


80 


67 


78 


99 


156 


616 


403 


568 


453 


1,178 


866 


Otjiwarongo 


1 — 


178 


951 


12,768 9,919 


6 


72 


7 


66 


18 


138 


811 


359 


691 


353 


1308 


712 


Outjo 


— 


1,088 


1,069 


7,015 3,439 


68 


44 


46 


40 


117 


64 


869 


181 


881 


166 


660 


847 


Rehoboth .. 


1 — 


9,698 


7,521 


6367 3,920 


















— 








Swakopmund 


— 


770 


271 


8,141 1,233 


66 




118 




178 




740 




870 




1,110 




Walvis Bay 


— 


— 




— 


164 


44 


171 


52 


886 


96 


897 


399 


899 


333 


M» 


732 


Warmbad 


— 


4,468 


3,381 


866 295 


146 




181 




886 




18 








18 




Kanuburg 


— 


— 




— 


810 


145 


810 


216 


680 


361 


101 


3 


75 


— 


176 


3 


Windhoek .. 


— 6 


2389 


3,768 


18,728 10,605 


788 


736 


617 


712 


1356 


1,446 


8,716 


2,283 


2,776 


2,102 


6388 


4386 


Total enumerated .. 


68 14 


44308 


40,907 


94368 69,740 


8387 


2,696 


4361 


3,003 


7,988 


5,699 


11388 


6,093 


8386 


5,641 


18386 


11,734 


Estimated figures 


































estslds Police Zone 


































fJw^mWtfaiMl — wl 




8318' 
6314 


-24,465 


1683781 
80378 V 191.984 


























o**» .. .. 




J 


1 


944 J 


























Gmad Total 


•8 14 


58,484 


65,372 


868368 261,724 


S3tf 


2,696 


4301 


3.003 


7388 


5,699 


11388 


6,093 


8386 


5,641 


18388 


11.734 



SWA. Anmmd, 79*7 



121 






X 

III 

X 

II 

X 

III 

X 

111 

X 

1 

X 

II 

X 

II 

X 

1 

X 



X 

1 

X 

III 

X 



X T! 



Box 61 



Tel. 852 



Tel. AM. "Afshers" 

South West Auctioneers (Pty.) Ltd. 

MOTOR DIVISION 

Associated Dealers for 

OVTJO, OMARURU and KAR1BIB DISTRICTS 

KAISER and FRAZER 




CARS 



FEDERAL TRUCKS 

Bookings now accepted (or delivery in strict rotation 
Watch the Press for further announcements 




X 






EDGAR SANDER 



WINDHOEK — 
Tel. Address "Africaskins" 



SOUTH WEST AFRICA 
P.O. Box 190 Telephone 428 



(ESTABLISHED 1925) 

Exporter of Karakul Skins to all parts of the World. 

BANKERS: STANDARD BANK OF S.A. LTD. 

We Specialise in the Breeding of Purebred 
and Higbgrade Karakul Rams at our . . . 

KARAKUL STUD FARM, TSUMIS,S.WA 

— ENQUIRIES SOLICITED — 



122 



S.W.A. Annual. 1947 



IMPORTS AND EXPORTS. 



IMPORTS: 



ioa; 



1943 



1944 



1946 



From Oversea*: 

Direct 

Through Uuiou 1'orts 
Total Overseas 
From Union 

GRAND TOTAL ... 



BXPORT8: 

Overseas : 

Diamonds 
Other Merchandise 
Total Overseas 
To Union 



DETA1L8 OF VALUE OF EXPORTS: 

(Principal articles) 

Cattle for slaughter 

Sheep and goats for slaughter ... 

Meats, fresh 

Butter 

Cheese 

Fish, fresh, dried ami euivd 
Fish, preserved 

Total value of foodstuffs e\|>orfed 

Karakul Pelts 

Hides and Skins 

Wool 

Diamonds 

Gold 

Copper 

Vanadium 

Other metals and minerals 

Ale, Beer and Stout 



£ 


£ 


£ 


£ 


780,353 


75,176 


98,389 


121,166 


565,687 


1,003,472 


1,098,753 


1,337,509 


1,296,040 


1,078,648 


1,197,142 


1,458,767 


945,696 


2,209,026 


2,804,898 


3,388,931 


2,241,736 


3,287,674 


4,002,040 


4,847,666 


£ 


£ 


£ 


£ 


816,331 


721,698 


918,909 


1,195,778 


1,982,813 


3,187,888 


3,459.510 


4,571390 


•2.799,144 


3,909,586 


4.378,419 


5,767,668 


741,334 


2.720,228 


2,590,767 


2,382,887 


3,540.478 


6,629,814 


6,969,186 


8,150,550 


f 


£ 


£ 


£ 


•235,371 


1,108,849 


1,065.230 


895,550 


98,145 


248,292 


168,282 


24,996 


883 


159,184 


46,988 


99,611 


423,468 


800,711 


758,951 


538,707 


24,507 


13,146 


410 


884 


8,029 


18,814 


46,393 


53,964 


58.241 


144,014 


193,810 


126,114 


848,644 


2.493,010 


2.280,064 


1,738,646 


994,858 


2,742,533 


3*,245,619 


4,317,386 


26,664 


67,950 


38,675 


95,496 


168,256 


182,035 





198,165 


816,331 


721,698 


918,909 


1,195,778 


12,993 


— 


— 


658 


229,453 


— 


— 


— 


170,363 


134,068 


24,960 


53,950 


144,139 


103,610 


93,457 


81,883 


8,143 


3,508 


4,328 


13,256 



It will be noted that the present-day value of exports has grown from C3.540.47S in 1938 to £'8,150,550 in 1945. If the value 
of diamonds is excluded the relative figures are £2,724,147 and £6,954,777 respectively. 

The value of foodstuffs exported increased from £848.644 in 1988 to £2,280,064 in 1944 and £1.738,646 in 1945, a decrease of 
£541.418 on the 1944 figure. 



EXPORTB TO UNION: 



Year 
1943 
1944 

1945 



No. of cattle 

on the hoof 

151,434 

118.862 

87,354 



Value 
£1,591,270 
£1,322,627 
£871,848 



EXPORTS OVERSEAS: 

No. of 
carcases 
frozen beef Value 

Nil - 

Nil 



13,600 



£993,586 



No. of 

carcases 

frozen beef 

Nil 

Nil 

4,074 



Value 



£36,666 



Total 

Value 
£1,691,370 
£1,833,687 
£1,080,353 



SHEEP AND 

Year 
1942 
1943 
1944 
1945 



GOATS: 

Number exported 

172,585 

188,230 

137,784 

48,059 



DAIRY PRODUCT8: 

Year 
1942 
1943 
1944 
1945 



Cheese 

manufactured 

205,097 lbs. 

285,270 lbs. 

98,088 lbs. 

60,004 lbs. 



Value 

£129,489 

164,700 

124,000 

75,000 



Exported to 

Union 

114,161 lbs. 

144 866 lbs. 

2,870 lbs. 

334 lbs. 



NOTE : The main reason for the decreased cheese production it 
the prolonged drought, as a result of which both factories 
operating in the Territory were forced to close down 
temporarily from November. 



Year 


Butter 
manufactured 


Exported to 
Union 


1942 


8,185,926 lbs. . 


7,535,386 lbs 


1943 


... 11.088,475 lbs. . 


10,488,007 lbs 


1944 


... 10.569,218 lbs. . 


9,832,008 lbs. 


1945 


7,679,845 lbs. . 


6,591.176 lbs. 



X 



II OUR SELLING ORGANISATION COVERS ^BPBlir - ^ ' 

J THE WHOLE TERRITORY OF "^KPiJoEt? V / I 

■ Sooth West Afric a :s ^fcS8i' ' 

!JJ! A quarter of a century-old selling ^^^ union -■-/ x 

I experience, plus regular visits to \ SOUTH AFClGX/ i 
X all parts, assure a judicious and Y- ■ : ■ ■ r^^ j» 

II efficient distribution .. C^^J^-^**'^ W 

X V^nofti SlUi^r, O'fiCfS AMD OrPOTi X 

| TAEUBER & GORSSEN S.W.A. (Pty.) LTD. ] 

jjjj Distributing Agents Representing South African and Overseas Manufacturers | 

llll (Established 1920) \ 

II Head Office: 1 

I P.O. BOX 183 WINDHOEK Tel. Add.: "MATADOR" j 

X ^— — -_^__^_ ^_ X 

Further information obtainable from our parent house: I 

jjj TAEUBER & CORSSEN (PTY.), LTD., CAPE TOWN S 



Branches at Johannesburg and Durban 



I 
X 

L -.-.=.= -=.= ------ = - = -.- s « = J 




CHR. IIILZITNGER 

P.O. Box 264 ^VINOHOEK Telephone 7% 

INSTALLATIONS OF ANY KIND SPECIALITY: 

BATTERY CHARGING SERVICE MODERN LIGHTING 



HOTEL LIROPAHOF 

Proprietor — P. D. DU PLESSIS — Luderitz. 

Inner Spring Mattresses. Running Water in Rooms. 

Spacious Sample Room. 

CLEANLINESS COMFORT SERVICE 



124 S.W.A. Annual, 1947 




Granaries at Ukualuthi. 



Graanskure te Ukualuthi. 




The Chobe Rifer on the vay to "Monomotapo" choked by 
papyrus islands. 



Die Chobe-rivier word op weg na ,, Monomotapo" deur papirus- 
eilande tertraag. 



S,W.A. Annual, 1947 



125 




*= 



=* 



PACKARD 

is the Aristocrat ofMotordam 



Sole DUtributwt for 8.W.A. 



HUGO HENSEL LTD. 

P.O. BOX 74, WINDHOEK, S.W.A. 




ASK THE MAN WHO OWNS ON K 



X- 



ft 



<! BLACKLEGOL 
| immunity is at 
; least 99.99% cer- 
tain. 



cutter's 



BLACKLEGOL 



. 



An outbreak of BLACKLEG (sponziekte) need 

never occur on your farm if the following pre 

cautions are taken:— 

(a) Immediate inoculation of all cattle under two 
years old. 

(b) Systematic inoculation of all future suckling 
calves and lambs with a singles dose of 
Cutter's Blacklegol. 

PRICE— per vial of 50 c.c. 5/- per vial 
10 vials and over ... 4/7 per vial 
20 vials and over ... 4/2 per vial 
100 vials and over 3/6 per vial 



Milborrow's Veterinary Remedies 

A Division of 

PHARMA LABORATORIES 

(PTY.) LTD. 
P.O. Box 236, Pietermaritzburg, Natal 



SPLENDOR 

A GENCIES 

LEN RABIE • ARNOLD TRAKMAN 



MANUFACTURERS' 
REPRESENTATIVES 
• • 

P.O. BOX 417 PHONE 9142 

Telegrams "CONTACT" 

WINDHOEK 



KARASBURG HANDELSHUIS 
(Pty.) LIMITED 

Directors : 
J. A. Van Wyk, Sen., and J. A. Van Wyk, Jnr. 



GENERAL MERCHANTS AND IMPORTERS 

— DEALERS IN PRODUCE, LIVESTOCK, 

SKINS AND WOOL 



KARASBURG, SOUTH WEST AFRICA 

P.O. BOX 2 Phone 2 



126 



S.W.A. Annual, /o^- 



Diamond Seekers On The West Coast 



THE VOYAGE OF 
THE "THEODORA" 







,,f T*HE legendary riches of the Koakovcld are in fact 
mythical," stated the Administrator of South West 
Africa, Colonel P. I. Hoogcnhout in his 1944 Budget 
Speech. 

He was reierring to the activities of the Kaokoveld 
Exploration Company which was formed about two years 
ago to prospect the Kaokoveld tor base minerals and 
precious stones. 

It is doubtful whether the myth of legendary riches 
ir the Kaokoveld will finally be disposed of. There are 
people who will continue to believe that somewhere along 
the Kaokoveld lies untold wealth in diamonds. The story- 
has been canvassed for manv vears. In German times, the 
Kaokoveld Mining and Exploration Company had a con 
cession over this area but tailed to make any discovery ot 
diamonds. After the war of 1914 1S prospectors trekked 
into the area but their efforts were also in vain. 

In 1929 the Kaokoveld was declared a prohibited area. 
The main reason for this decision on the part of the 
authorities was to obviate the necessity ot long and expen- 
sive police patrols into the waterless wastes of the Kaoko- 
veld. Another factor was the desire to rout out lung 
sickness, spreading down from Angola, from reaching the 
settled areas of the Territory. By proclaiming the Kaoko- 
veld a prohibited area the Administration were able to 
establish a cattle free zone and this eventually led to the 



S W A Annual, 



'917 



ban on the export of cattle horn the ( hitjo District to 
Union markets being removed. 

The declaration of the Kaokoveld as a prohibited area 
was not dictated by considerations relating to the discovery 
and exploitation of diamonds. Many did not and still do 
not believe this. 

The discovery of the tabulous diamond deposits at 
Alexander Bay and subsequently at the Orange River 
mouth spurred on the imagination of the unbelieving. 
The story of vast diamond deposits in the Kaokoveld con- 
tinued to be given currency and to grow, and the police 
of South West Africa had their time cut out to keep the 
area closed to illegal diamond seekers. Time and again 
adventurous souls risked their lives to enter the Kaoko- 
veld and seek for diamonds. In most instances they were 
tracked, arrested and convicted. This did not deter others 
from following. Many did so but no more amazing story 
of illegal entry into the Kaokoveld exists than the thrilling 
adventures of the ship "Theodora." 

The "Theodora" a former 47-foot naval pinnace was 
purchased by a retired railwayman. He was Charles 
Broker. Thirty-five years previously he had come out to 
South Africa as a master mariner and had settled ashore. 
Retiring from the railways he satisfied a lifelong ambition 
to own his own craft. He bought the "Theodora," and 
she rode at anchor in Table Bay. 



127 



Telefoon: 9064 
Telegramme : Verco. 



« 



DIENS" 



POSBUS 623, 

KAISER STRAAT, 
WINDHOEK. 



SLABBERT YERSTER & MALHERBE 

S.W.A. (Edms.) Bpk. 

Aislaers, Makelaars, Spekulante en lewende Hawe Bemarkings-Agente 
BO ERE! ONS LEWER DIE VOLGENDE DIENSTE:— 

• Verkoop u plaas. 

• Organiseer en hou vendusies op enige plek in Suidwes. 

• Bemark u slagbeeste na Maitland of Johannesburg. 

• Stel Ope-Markte daar vir u aanteelvee, stoorosse, trekosse en tollies. 

• Help u met die bemarking van u diere deur vir u die nodige permitte en 

trokke vroegtydig te bespreek. 

RAADPLEEG ONS EERSTE EN VERKRY DIE BESTE RESULTATE 

Ons Leuse is „DIENS" 



HOTEL RHEINISCHER HOF 

STATION STREET, WINDHOEK 
Phone 128 P.O. Box 136 

Telegrams: "RHEINISCHER." 



rZ^f* / 



• 



AMINI 

KARAKUL 

EXPORT 

Telegraphic Address: "Amini." 
Telephone 9066 P.O. Box 71 

UNITED BUILDINGS, 
WINDHOEK, 

SOUTH WEST AFRICA 



Head Office: LONDON. 
Branches: U.S.A., INDIA, PERSIA (IRAN) and 
PALESTINE. 



128 



S.W.A. Annual, i^j 



The Voyage Of The "Tlxodora" 

This ketch one day caught the eyes of a syndicate of 
diamond hunters. They "knew" of a marvellous rich 
patch of gravel on the wild coast of South West Africa, 
North of the Hoanib River. They negotiated with Broker 
to land them on this lonely snot along the Kaokovcld coast. 

Plans were made, the ketch overhauled, supplies taken 
in and all was ready for the adventure. In the meantime, 
by means known only to themselves, the police had an 
inkling of what was afoot and the movements of Broker 
and his friends were tagged. Broker, however, was equal 
to the occasion and gave out the story that he was bound 
for the rich hshing grounds along the coast of Angola. 



straw. Time and again Broker had to heave to and find 
shelter along the coast to snatch a few hours sleep. He 
could not even leave the rudder to take a meal. 

After passing Possession Island, }2 miles stxjuth of 
Luderit/bucht, the "Theodora" encountered a heavy storm 
and there were several narrow escapes from being swamped. 
They managed to reach the shelter of Ichahoe Island where 
they were compelled to rest tor several days as the result of 
their unnerving experience. They hugged the coast and 
were reminded of its dangers by the sight of broken hulls 
along the coast silhouetted by the sun like black milestones 
against the long glaring yellow beaches. At Sandwich 
Harbour they ran short of water and risked the breakers 
to replenish their tanks. 




The beach beside the mole at Swakopmund. 

On October 6th, 193 1, the party left Cape Town. They 
were dogged by misfortune from the outset. Nearing 
Dassen Island the engine broke down. They were com- 
pelled to make sail and return to ("ape Town. Repairs 
were effected and they set out on the 26th. The first few 
days were a nightmare. The six diamond prospectors were 
useless as deckhands. They had never been afloat before 
and the "Theodora" gave them a rough baptism of the 
sea. The mate was inexperienced and Broker had to steer 
for watch after watch in heavy weather. High seas ran, a 
gale blew and the little craft was tossed on the sea like a 



Die kus langg die breekwater te Swakopmund. 

They put in at Walvis Bay and were searched by the 
customs and as nothing contraband was found they were 
permitted to land and revictual. 

Sailing north again they came in a few days to the 
mouth of the Hoanib River. This was the latitude and 
longitude that they had given Broker. He had carried 
out his contract. It was never established whether the 
party had reached their goal or whether as they asserted 
they saw smoke in the distance amongst the dunes and, 
fearing that there might be someone in distress stranded 
ashore, they decided to land. Actually, there was smoke 



S.W.A. Annual, 1947 



129 




CHOICE LITGESOEkTE CEYLON 



DELECTO 



TEA 



• • • 



TEE 



REFRESHING and INVIGORATING 



SARIE 

COFFEE... KOFFIE 



"You've Tried The Rest, 
Now Taste The Best" 



R. LEIB & CO. 

(PTY.) LTD. 

70 STRAND STREET CAPE TOWN 



S.W. A. Trade Enquiries to — 

S.W. AGENCY CO., P.O. Box 217. 

WINDHOEK 



SOUTH WEST 
AGENCY CO. 

Manufacturers' 
Agents 



SOLE AGENTS FOR _^ 



THE 

SHELL 

COMPANY 

OF 

SOUTH WEST AFRICA 

LTD. 



U , ~ 






Bankers : 
Standard Bank of S.A. Ltd. 



HEAD OFFICE : 

WINDHOEK 

United Buildings, 

Kaiser Street. 

P.O. Box 217 

Telephone 251 & 398 

Telegrams "SWACO.*" - 

BRANCHES : 

SWAKOPMUND : Telephone 94, P.O. Box 72, 
Telegrams "SWACO." 

LUDERITZ: Telephone 72, P.O. Box 72, 
Telegrams "SWACO." 



130 



S.W. A. Annual, iqjj 



The Voyage Of The 'Theodora" 

ashore. By an ironic twist of fate the smoke came from 
.1 fire at the camp of Captain du Preez and a party of South 
West African police who, tipped off from the Union, were 
patrolling the coast searching for traces of the cutter. 

The dinghy was manned and two of the diamond 

seekers set out to reach the shore. This they finally achieved 

with the utmost difficulty passing through the breakers 

which were running at a tremendous height. They 

sought the location of the smoke but failed to find the 

spot. They were forced to camp for the night as an attempt 

to return to the ketch failed. A gale rose and for four 

days and five nights they were stranded ashore. All efforts 

to return to the "Theodora" failed. They were in a bad 

way. One had sprained his ankle and the other, when 

their water gave out, on the third day became delirious 

from drinking sea water. In the meantime the men on 

the cutter had watched their hopeless efforts to get through 

for days. Eventually they built a raft of empty drums and 

tying water drums on it two of the diamond seekers climbed 

aboard. Ir was held fast to the ketch by a rope whith 

was slowly paid out. Suddenly a huge comber bore down 

on the raft, snapped the rope and threw the men into 

the sea. After a terriffic battering the two men crawled 

ashore utterly exhausted. The raft was later found washed 

ashore six miles northwards. The original two men ashore 

were in desperate straits. 

One of the newcomers, together with one of the original 
party, decided to try and get back to the cutter with the 
dinghy. They failed. The dinghy overturned and they 
were lucky not to be drowned. Their plight was desperate, 
but fortune turned in their favour and they managed to 
find some of the provisions and water which had been 
washed up from the first shore-going expedition. Here 



they were found by a police patrol. The police had split 
up and this was one of the sections. The latter, however, 
were also running short of food and water and could not 
delay their return to the nearest settlement. 

The condition of the diamond seekers was such that 
it was impossible for them to be taken along by the patrol. 
Accordingly the sergeant in charge of the patrol took down 
details of the party and giving them a letter to Broker 
ordered them to return to the ketch and instruct Broker to 
proceed to Walvis Bay while he went on to the nearest 
police post to report. 

The diamond seekers had to wait another four days 
before they succeeded in getting back to the cutter with 
the dinghy. 

Broker, however, had other ideas and was keen to 
investigate the fishing grounds. W th a storm breaking 
he also decided that he had insufficient water to make 
Walvis Bay. He therefore set course for Mossamedcs 
where he re-fitted for the return passage to Table Bay. It 
was his intention to make straight for Cape Town from 
Mossamcdes but the "Theodora" developed a mysterious 
leak and he was forced to put in at Walvis Bay. He and 
his party were arrested. Broker was lined £40 for landing 
the men in a prohibited area. The diamond seekers had 
had enough of the sea. In any event they could not accom- 
pany Broker for they had to go up to Outjo and stand trial 
on charges of entering the prohibited Kaokoveld without 
a permit. They were convicted and fined and subsequently 
returned to the Union by rail. So ends the tale of the 
"Theodora." The party of diamond seekers broken in 
health had had enough thrills and adventures for a life- 
time. They still believed there were diamonds in the 
Kaokoveld but they swore "Never again" would they 
attempt to find them. Others have tried too and failed. But 
the myth continues. 







Old-time prospector-digger and his hand-worked plant 
S.W.A. Annual, 7947 



n Myn in die oue tyd-delwer met sy hand gedrywe masjiene. 



131 



MAEAKf (1PT¥) 09 LTD, 

GENERAL - KARAKUL - EXPOBST 



HEAD OFFICE, WINDHOEK. 
Tel. Add.: HABIB — Tele. 9053. 
P.O. BOX 63. 



BRANCHE8: 

Mariental, Karasburg, Keetmanshoop, 

Aus, Outjo. 



Having pioneered direct shipments of South West African Persian 

Lambskins to London, New York and Canada, we are to-day the 

largest single shippers. Our buyers operate throughout South West 

Africa and the neighbouring territories. 



New York Office : 

AFRICAN IRAN KARAKUL IMP0RT0R8 INC. 

127, West 30th 8treet, New York. 



London Office : 

EBRAHIMOFF DJEM8HIDOFF BR08 CO., 

62, Queen 8treet, London, E.C.4. 

Y. AZIZOLLAHOFF CO., 

40-42, Cannon Street, London, E.C.4. 



WE ARE THE LARGEST IMPORTERS IN THE TERRITORY OF 
PERSIAN CARPETS AND RUGS, BELGIAN AND ITALIAN CARPETS 



Telegrams : "LEVINSON." 
P.O. Box 458. Telephone 471. 

LIVINSON 

& CO. 

Manufacturers' Agents and 
Distributors 

WINDHOEK, SOUTH-WEST AFRICA. 



THE SUEDWEST 

PERSIANER 

(Pty.) Ltd. 

KALKFELD and WINDHOEK. 



Pioneer Karakul Pelt Exporting 
Company of South West Africa. 
The first Company to export 
Karakul Pelts for sale by Public 
Auction to the benefit of the 
Producer. 

KALKFELD — Box 31; Telephone 13 

WINDHOEK — Box 186; Telephone 445. 

Telegrams : "Persianer." 



132 



S.W.A. Annual, /047 



KELLER & NEUHAUS 

(PTY.), LIMITED. 

Telegrams : "Kellerco." 

Bankers : Barclays Bank (D.C. & 0.) 

Tel. 116, F. Keller Tel. 435, A. Neuhaus. 

P.O. BOX 156 WINDHOEK, S.W.A. 


< 


*++•** + + ++++ + + ++++++4>++~ + »+++++ + + + v0+m 

) { 
\ ' 
1 ' 
i ( 

| Telegraphic Address : < 

! "FURWOLKER" 

> • 

I P.O. Box 621 

WINDHOEK 

• • 

• • 


GENERAL AGENTS, 

AUDITORS AND ACCOUNTANTS, 

GENERAL DEALERS. 


( 
( 

i 


1 • 
1 • 

* • 
> • 

W. WOELKER 

> ( 
1 ( ! 
1 ( > 


Executorship— Trust, Estate and Agency Business, 
Capital Investments— Audit. 

General Agents: 

PHOENIX ASSURANCE COMP. LTD. 

S.A. LIBERAL INSURANCE CO., LTD. 

INSURANCES OF ALL CLASSES. 


Secretaries : 

CREAMERY WINDHOEK (PTY.). LTD. 
NAMIB TIN MINES (PTY.), LTD. 


Direct Exporter 

OF ! 

1 < 
1 * 1 

SOUTH WEST AFRICAN ; 

T> "C T> C T A TVT 


General Dealers: 

ALL FARMERS REQUIREMENTS. 






Of Interest to 

The Liquor Trade . . . 

Sleith Davis 

Bottle Store 


1 

< 
< 

< 


FhK: 
LAMB 

(KARAKU 

i to World's 

Mat 

> 


SKINS 

L PELTS) 

Consuming \\ 
"kets 


WALVIS BAY 

"Specialists in Imported 1 
Liquor " 1 

Comprehensive stocks of a wide range I 

of Imported Wines, Liqueurs, Spirits, I 

etc., held in Bond at Walvis Bay for 1 

the Trade at Wholesale Prices. 1 


< 

1 
I 
1 
1 
1 

< 
1 

< 

I 
1 


• 

1. 

1 
• 

• 
1 

"OUR 

1 


NAME 

1 


Trade Enquiries to: 1 
SLEITH DAVIS BOTTLE STORE, 

BOX 2, WALVIS BAY 1 

SOUTH-WEST AGENCY CO., I 
BOX 217, WINDHOEK 1 


1 

1 \ 


IS A TRADITION IN 
THE TRADE'' 


S.Wui. Annual, 1947 . 






US 



Telephone 582 



P.O. Box 168 



Telegrams: "WUCO," WINDHOEK, SOUTH WEST AFRICA 
Bankers: STANDARD BANK OF S.A. LTD., WINDHOEK 



A. WUTOW & Co 

Agents and Distributors 



OTJ1WARONGO 



Branches at: 



LUDER1TZ - SWAKOPMUND 



SOUTH WEST WHOLESALE 
(PTY.) LTD. 

* -• 

WHOLESALE GENERAL 

MERCHANTS and 
DIRECT IMPORTERS 

* • 

P.O. Box 602. Telephone 632. 

Tel. Add. : "WHOLESALE." 

WINDHOEK SWA. 



*PW*. 




Ladies', Gentlemen's and Children's 
Outfitters 

DIRECT IMPORTERS 

ERNST 
HOLTZ 

(PTY.) LTD. 
KAISER & POST STREETS, WINDHOEK 
P.O. Box 421 Telephone 500 

Tel. Add.: "HOLTZ," Windhoek. 



<*4 



S.W.A. Annual, 7947 



In the Farming of the Future 




Learn more of these new opportunities by writing for 
Allis-Chalmers literature— to-day. 



Modern Power Farming Equipment will be 
a necessary aid to good farm management 

y\llis-(Ralmers 

TRACTORS and 
Equipment 

offer you a system of farming to 
meet the demands of to-day and 
ready for the needs of 
to-morrow. Your lot will be 
easier, better and more profitable. 
With your new leisure you can 
investigate new opportunities and 
keep close touch with market 
trends and conditions. 

MalcoHO 

limited 

P.O. Box 672, East London 



ACCOUNTANT 
LIC. AUDITOR 



H. HENRY TIMM 

^ Counsel for Farmers 

^ Expert Advice in Commercial Matters 

^ Trustee and Estate Agent 

^ Bonds and Loans Arranged 



AUDITING 
BOOKKEEPING 



*^^'^*^s^*^^ ^m* .^^»^^>^» 



INCOME TAX RETURNS 



HANSA BUILDINGS 



P.O. BOX 363 



WINDHOEK 

TELEPHONE 9170 



^Many Tears of experience 



S.W.A. Annual, /047 ' 



135 



ATLANTIC ENGINEERING WORKS, LTD 



Chairman: F. KNACKE. 

LUDERITZ 

P.O. Box 4. Telephone No. 59. 



Issued Capital : ;£ 10,000 

WINDHOEK 

P.O. Box 20. Telephone No. 9018 
Tel. Address: "Atleng." 



Tel, Address: "Atleng." 

Representing — 

FIRESTONE, SOUTH AFRICA (PTY.) LIMITED 

"Firestone*' Tyres, Tubes and Accessories. 

FAIRBANKS-MORSE & COMPANY, Inc. NEW YORK 

"Samson" Windmills, Power Heads, Stationary Engines for Petrol, Paraffin 

and Crude Oil. 

EVERITE (PTY.) LIMITED 

"Everite" Asbestos Cement Products. Corrugated Roofing, Flat Sheets, Down 

Pipes, Ridging, Piping, Flower Pots. 
Carpenters 9 and Mechanics 9 Tools, "Chain" Mattresses, Radios, all Farm 

Implements and Tools. 



CORRESPONDENCE INVITED 



INTERNATIONAL 
KARAKUL EXPORTERS 

W. & H. STERN 



P.O. Box 545 



Telephone 780 



Tel : & Cable Address : "Sternbro," 
WINDHOEK 



Bankers : 

STANDARD BANK OF S.A., LTD. 

WINDHOEK 



Exporters of Quality Persian Lamb- 
skins to all parts of the Globe 



Pestrol Products 

FOR ALL PESTS OF THE 

HOME 

GARDEN 

ORCHARD 

KILLMOTH : For moths attacking clothes, 
skins, etc. 

S.S.B. : For eradication of white ants. 

There is a Remedy for every Pest 



WRITE FOR A LIST. 



Manufactured by 

BUREAU OF PEST CONTROL, 

P.O. BOX 5116 JOHANNESBURG 

S.W.A. Trade Enquiries: 

TAEUBER & CORSSEN 

S.W.A. (PTY.) LIMITED 




P.O. BOX 183 



136 



S.W.A. Annual, /047 




Hubert Davies and Company, Ltd. 

S. COHEN (PTY.) LTD. 



WINDHOEK 



vlf ../. An mid, nj.fj 



137 



The South 



To avoid fine, this book should be returned on 
or before the date last stamped below 



The Editors thank all who, by 
interest in this year's issue of the So 

The Editors will be pleased to c 
the 30th September, 1947. Short st 
of South West Africa interest and si 



Die Jaarboe 

VANJAAR 

Die Rcdakteurs wil almal be dan 
stelling ge&on het in vanjaar se uitj 

Die Redakteurs sal met graagte 1 
word nie as 30 September, 1947. Kc 
moet van Suidwes-Afrikaansc belang 
verscker. 

Index to Ac 



African Caterers 

African Oxygen 4c Acetylene (Pty.». 
Ltd 



Pape 
38 



60 
48 



Allfurs Karakul Export (Pty.). Ltd. 
American Canadian Karakul Ex- 
porters 106 

American Motor Co 34 

Amini Karakul Export 128 

Anning, Chadwick 4c Kiver 72 

Ames 4c Co., Ltd., H. L 42 

Atlantic Engineering Works. Ltd. . . 136 

Atlantic Hotel .. .. 1C8 

Barclays Bank (D.C. &O.I 4 

Bartenstein (Pty.). Ltd., C. F 54 

Bells Asbestos & Engineering 

(Africa), Ltd 104 

Bitter, H 92 

Brecher, L. H. 4s De Villiers, J. D. 66 

Btllbring Bros 46 

Bureau of Pest Control 136 

C.T.C. Coffee 92 

Central Bottle Store 94 

Central Hotel 114 

Cohen 8. 4c Co. (Pty.). Ltd 140 

Consolidated Diamond Mines of 

S.W.A., Ltd 16 

Crohn. M. 90 

Damaraland Board of Executors 

(Pty.), Ltd 30 

Da vies 4c Co.. Ltd.. Hubert . . . . 137 

Davis, Sleith 133 

Delecto Tea 130 

Distin Seeds, Co 74 

Duncan. Wm. 8 82 

Dunlop (S.A.), Ltd 14 

Eastwood 4c Holt. Inc 40 

Everite (Pty.), Ltd 62 

P.C.U.. Ltd 120 

Firestone (8.A.) (Pty.), Lid. 10 

Flit Co 58 

FUrst Bismarck Hotel 92 

Oloeck, W. (Karakul Export! .... 52 

Goldstein, M. (Pty>. Ltd 1C6 

Oorellck's Oarage • 46 

Orand Hotel 34 

Qrossherzog Hotel 116 

Ooodyear Tyre Co 57 



io«-«-«a-tai4 



Ltd. 



aubei jburopanoi 
Hudson's Bay Co, (Pty.), 
International Harvester . . 
International Karakul Exporters 

Johnson and Johnson 

K. 4c L. Timbers, Ltd 

Kaffrarlan Boots (Pty.), Ltd. .. 

Kahn 4c Kahn (Pty.), Ltd 

Karasberg Handelhuis (Pty), Ltd. 
Keller 4c Neuhaus (Pty.). Ltd. .. 



. 124 

26 

. 116 

. 136 

Plate 

. 102 

36 

52 

. 126 

. 133 



Kodak, Ltd 32 



Koelner, A 

Langeberg Koop, Bpk 

Leibowitz Bros. 

Levinson, J. L. 4c Co 

Luchtenstein (Pty.), Ltd 

Malcomess 135 

Malherbe and Kiesewetter (Pty.). Ltd. 78 
Mann Oeorge & Co. (S.W.A.). Ltd. 
Maree 4= Bosman (S.W.A.) (Pty.), 



94 
28 
58 
132 
62 



22 



Ltd. 



Mertens (Pty.), Ltd., F. L. . 
Metje & Ziegler (Pty.), Ltd. 
Mushet 4c Co., Ltd., J. W. . 



118 

110 

80 

20 



Naomi Beauty Form 58 

O.F.S. Produce Co 58 

Olthaver 4c List Trust Co., Ltd. 86 
Pan-African Trading Corp. (Pty.). 

Ltd 24 

Pharma Laboratories (Pty.), Ltd. .. 126 

Plate Olass Bevelling Co 76 

Pupkewitz, M. 4c Sons (Pty.). Ltd. .. 112 

Rand Carbide Co 74 

Rheinischer Hof Hotel 128 

S.A. Canvas Company 84 

S.A. Liberal Insurance Co 20 

S.A. Mutual Life Assurance Society . . 18 

Sandelowsky, Selmar 120 

Sander Edgar 122 

S.A.R. 4c H 100 



jal, 1947 



hotographs, have shown an 

d be received not later than 
ronsidered. These must be 
rs to ensure their return. 

ika, 1947 

IKE 

inuskriptc of foto's, belang- 

es moet nie later ontvang 
king geneem word. Hulle 
sverte om terugsending te 

isies 

Page 

Ludwig 8 

Ltd., Rudolf 38 

Hy.), Ltd 132 

Verster 4c Malherbe 

(Pty.), Ltd 128 

A.), Ltd 92 

splendor Agencies 126 

Standard Bank of S.A., Ltd 2 

Stewarts 4c Lloyds of S.W.A. (Ptv.». 

Ltd \. 96 

Sturrock (S.W.A.) (Pty). Ltd. . 44 

S.W. Agency Co 130 

S.W. Asbestos-Cement Co 12 

S.W. Auctioneers Motor Division 122 

S.W. Auctioneers (Pty.). Ltd 114 

S.W. Breweries, Ltd 82 

S.W. Perslaner (Pty.). Ltd 132 

S.W.A. Cold Storage, Ltd 102 

S.W.A. Karakul Exporters Association 74 

S.W.A. Salt Co 108 

S.W.A. Wholesale (Pty.), Ltd 134 

Swakopmund Municipality 198 

Taeuber 4c Corssen (S.W.A.) (Pty.i. 

Ltd 124 

Terry's Motors 68 

Timrn, Henry 135 

Trust and Estates Co. (Pty.). Ltd. .. 50 

Union Flooring Tiles Factory . . . . 84 

United Building Society 30 

Unltei Corp. of Administration and 

Trustees 76 

United Karakul Exporters (Pty.). Ltd. 139 

United Tobacco Co 6 

Universal Distributors (Pty.i. Ltd ... lib 

Usambara Coffee (C.T.C.) 106 

Vacuum Oil Co Map 

Voeglcrs 74 

Von Mallinckrodt (Pty.i, ltd.. Ernst 84 

Wecke and Voigts 110 

Woelker, W 133 

Western Motors Map 

Windhoek Bazaars 70 

Windhoek Municipality 88 

Windhoeker Maschinen-Fabrik ... 66 

WInson 4c Co., J. A 64 

Wutow 4c Co.. A 134 



138 



S,W,A, Animal, 



f 9*f7 



UNITED KARAKUL EXPORTERS 
(PTY.) LIMITED 

WINDHOEK, S.W.A. 

Directors: SAM COHEN, RUNS) AM IN BIERRF.RG. 




Buyers for 



THE UNITED STATES' 

CANADA'S 

SOUTH AMERICA'S 

and 
EUROPE'S 
Largest Consumers 
of South West African Persian Lambskins 

Reference: BARCLAYS BANK (D.C. & O.) 
WINDHOEK • NEW YORK - — LONDON 

Cable & Tel. Add. : UKE— WINDHOEK. P.O. Box 288. Phone 413. 









WWFORD UBFIANES