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'^ * . * V .>4i«* . • • J 



\ \ 

FRK])r®M AITB BireiilSH 





Tfae fleveral Parts of Speecb->The genders of the French Nouns—The accents of the English WoidB 

for the use of Foreigners— An Alphabetical List of the most usual Christian andPropor 

Names; and of the most remarkable places in the iinoAvn World. 

MT Tt^MAB jyUGEJrr, LL.D. 


With the Addition of the new fFordSy inserted in Meutardier'a and^J^ HereV last ^^UnA t)f4h$ 
^fiaU^nal Freiuh Dictionary; the IrrefiHlagjties of tlr Idnglisii VerUs and ^•ufts; ^ " 
(iDdacoaqirehensive Viewof tbe^Hu}u;ia£t<>ii;ai]|PXsriUac'of4he ', ^ ^" ' 
French /I^Huage. 


• : '\^\\ i( . 

BY J. &umJt^UJi. Jtf. 

::;>:^ /•- '-''^' 


Stereotyped by J. Haiding. 



<* -.en, LE^:CX AND 


tft ^ 

] The rapid and increasing- sale of this Dictionary leaving no doubt of its 
utility, neither trouble nor expense have been spared in this edition to de- 
sen-e a continuance of the public esteem. Sensible of such decided pre- 
ference, two different editors in Paris determined to profit by it One of 
tliem, in an edition sold by Mr. Santin, copied literally this work, boldly 
assuming the name of the present editor. This was an injury, but not a 
direct insult. The other, in an edition for Mr. Theophilus Barrois^ threat- 
' ens with a prosecution any person who shall presume to pirate his manuscript. 
Manuscript indeed ! whoever will be at the trouble to compare the two edi- 
tions, will find that editor to have been a minute copier of this present Dic- 
! As to his asseveration of being* the first who inserted the several irreg^* 
j larities in the English verbs and nouns — nothing, to use the softest expres-^ 
; sion, was ever more g^undless. He took thefo, word for word, from thi^- 
: work, in which they were inserted by the present editor more than twenty 
I years ag^, with the following' paragraph in the preface: — " This edition con- 
. tains all the irregularities in the English language — a convenience which is 
[ not to be found in any other French and En^ish Dictionary." 

Another paragraph was this: — ** Ladies at the head of schools, and pri- 
vate governesses, will find their laudable wish fully satisfied, as tiie most scru- 
pulous care has been taken to expunge all improper expressions." It must, 
however, be granted, that the copier followed here his own plan, and re- 
placed with the strictest attention, all the rude and offensive words which 
the present editor had left, and continues to leave out. 

As to some articles which that editor added, they chiefly con^st of obso- 
lete and uncouth expressions, which will for ever remain undisturbed, or 
of words minutely technical, which the present editor always avoided to 
insert, because a Hterary Dictionary can never be made an Encyclopaedia: 
otherwise, why not have added the whole series of words belonging to che- 
mistry, botany, painting, &c. &c. ? All the chief words, either naval or mi- 
litary, with tiiose of the several arts and sciences, used in general reading 
and conversation, are, and always were, in our Dictionary, according to the 
I excellent plan of the French Academy and of Dr. Samuel Johnson. 
^ We hope that this moderate defence against an injurious encroachment , 
w will not be deemed improper here; and we finish with observing, that this 
edition continues to have the convenience of a clear and comprehensive 
viewof the jwontmaa^ioTi, accidence^ and iyntaxoHh^ French language, with 
a particular Section on grammar in general. 


^ I. When polysyllables are spelt alike 
in both languages, or are only altered 
at the last, or two last syllables, they 
will be found in the following manner: 
Abbrevia//o7\ f. — tton, AbominaJ/ie- 
menlf ad, — bly, 

II. When several words of the same 
ptrt of speech follow one Another, 
the mark of the part of speech is only 
put after the first word, and answers 
to all the others. The same method 
has been followed with regard to the 
gender of the French words. 

III. When a letter, or a syllable, 
such as e, re, euse^ &c. follows a French 
adjective, it is to show its feminine. 
As the adjectives ending in e, with- 
out accent, are always of Ooih genders 
in French, they have no special mark 
in this Dictionary. Those that are 

Suite irregular, are printed without 

IV. When you meet with a line 
thus: — , that begins a new article, it 
means the repetition of the preceding 
word, which generally has another sig- 

V. When there is but one meaning 
to an adverb, if there be near it an 
adjective of the same root, and with 
dinerent significations, the adverb 
generally has them all. — Thus tendre' 
mentf ad. has all the meaning of ten- 
drey a. This observation, which serves 
for several hundred adverbs, and often 
for substantives, will be of great ser- 
vice to young translators. 

VI. The frequent asterisks in the 
first part, show the following words 
to be irregular; and such irregularities 
are explained in the second part, in 
looking for those words in their alpha« 
betical order. 





Wk divide this IntroductiMi into four SecticHis. The firet exemplifies the prindplcs of th« 
French Pronunciation ; the second treats of Grammar in general : the third presents a compre- 
hensive view of the several Parts of Speech in the French and English languages ; the fourth 
contains the fundamental Rules of the French Syntax. 


Of the French Pronunciation. 

Tlie French alphabet consists of 25 letteiB^ in sives to it an open and grave sound, nearly as a 

the order of this Dictionary : a, i, e, <f, «, /, ^, in i>2ay, day. Ex. frere^ erinuy chivre. 

A. «> >i *, h in. «, »,;», ^, r, «, «> u, r, x, y, z. The circumfiex accent (') is put upon any 

They are divided, as m English, into vowels vowel, and gives to it a broad sound, just as the 

and consonants. sound which distinguishes hall from kat^ shawl 

Borne particular marks, called Accents, are from shalL Ex. dupldtreytousiteSilesvitreSf 

essential to the orthography of the Frencli jebrHU. 

words, and affect their sounds. The apostrophe indicates the elision of a vow- 

The acute accent (') is put upon e^ and gives el : as rdme fur la dme; Varbrs for le atbro, 

10 it a slender and acute sound, nearly as a in Tlie cedilla gives to tlie c the sound of «, be- 

ale, pale. Ex. iti^ bonti^ gin&rositi. fore a, o, it. Ex. il lan^Of ma <eso», nous re- 

The grave accent ( ^) is put chiefly upon e, s nd ^mes, 


Observe first. That the French letters s and x, are often pronounced broad, although witfaoat 

when added to the substantives and adjectives a circumflex, as will appear hi the following ta- 

to mark the plural number, serve likewise, in bles. 

^enerai, to lengthen the syllable which precedes The vowels a, «, t, o, «, produce, by their 

them. Ex. un sold&t^ dcs soldats ; un effet^ des combinaUon with other letters, many other sim- 

effets. pie sounds, which we treat as vowels in the 

Secondly, a vowel with a circumflex, is al following order, 
ways broad ; as, vous Stes drole; but vowels 

Opeu A ; sounded like a in shaU Bague, cave, mascarade 

Broad A ; sounded like a in shawl Pl&tre, blftme, rare 

Slender E ; sounded like a in aU Tb«, caf(fe, f<61icit6 

er ; C and so sound cr, ez, and ) Parler, duiser, jbuer 

ez ;< ai, in the final syUables > Vous parlez, dansec, joaea 

ai ; i of verbs. > J*ai, je sals, il salt 

Open E ; nearly like 99 hi may R^gle, z61e, caract«ro 


Opfln E| 


(and 80 sound ai and ei in 
first and middle syUablea; el 
in final syUablea; 0, not ac- 
cented, but followed by two 
conaonantB, or a final c, /, j^ 
r; oi in the imperfect and 
conditional tenses of verbs. 

Broad E; 

ai, aie ; 

— cis; 

oiem ; 

sounded nearly Uke e In there ; 
and so sound at, aie^ ais^ aiz ; 
also oia and oient m the im- >- 
perfect and conditional tenses 
of verba, likewise eto, aite, is. 

JMme, vaine, grammaire 
Haleine, peine, enseigne 
Bonnet, bosquet,' bracelet 
Toilette, sagesse, dentelle 
Bee, chef, sei, enfer 
D parloit, il parleroit 

N. B. Wherever oi has Die sound of ^ or f^ 
raanyaathora change ei into' at'; JVa«saw,^i»* 
glais^ il parloit,, Urc. 

Tempftte, t^te, conqu^te 
Maitre, aise, craie, futaie 
Jamais, d^sonnais, la paiz 
Les Francois, les Anglois 
J'aimoi8,'iiB aimoient 
Sujets, regrets, presdii prd 
8ucc<^s, proems, ici (v^s 

at the end of monosyllables, \ 
and in the composition of ( 

anttur.lEij^„^ is »andea like 
( sister. 

So sound nearly eu and en 
likewise ««, eitx, eus, «i 
and euse^ but much graver. 

Je, me, que, devenir, parvenir 





oBoz, euse. 

Silent E ; gives a full sound to a final consonant, 

which otherwise would be silent 
Slender I ; sounds like ee in sle^ 
OpenO; sounded like o in come; so 
— ~ au ; sounds au at the l>eg:imiing and end of 

Broad 6, ; sounded like in cold ; 

08, ots, so sound the final syllables 

aux ; OS, ots^ am; likewise au in mono- 
Slender U ; thiese vowels have no similar 

ik ; sound in English ; ft sounds Hke «, 
but is a little longer 
Slender OU ; sounded like 00 in cool 
Open nasal UN, UM; no similar sound in 

OP«" ""^^^jjf; j nearly like ^ in rront 

Broad nasal IN, something of the sound of 

im, ein, in as pronounced in saint^ 

— — ain, aim; pint 

Broad nasal AN, something like an in 

am, en, em, tootU, toarroart, but bUII 

Pen & peu, jenne, le peupic, tobu— 
Jefine, Iionteux, je meurs, tu peux 
OSufs, voBUX, creuse, heureuse 

-ent, son, aen, more nasal 

Sain, salne; point, pointe; cbarmant, char 

mante ; m^decin, m6dccine 
Distributif, par ici, visible, v«rit6 
Parole, mode, microscope 
Bateau, tableau, automate 

Aumdne, apAtre, anemone 
A propos, repos, mots, abricots 
Travaux, m^taux, un seau d^eau 

Perdu, vaincu, tumulte 
Je brOIe, tu brules, il brfile 

B^aueoup, dessous, joujoux, amour 
Chacun, oommun, tribun, importun, parftim 

Cordon, manchon, ballon, charbon 

Pompe, trompe, sumom, inlerrompons 

Clavecin, chagrin, quinze, dindon 

Importun, timbre, lo sein, les reins 

Roraain, demain, la faim, un daim 

Sultan, tyran, chantre, rang 

Ambre, chambre, vengeance, printems, souvent, 

paon, faon, la ville de Caen 
SaAne (a river,) taon (a gad-fly,) pron. 5^ ton. 

N. B. 1. Whenaflermori»iblioWBaiicmotetatlieMUMiylla])le,or8iiotlMrmOTiiwllha 
«ow<diatiiefonow!iigB]rnable,tlMmiiideease8tobenaMl. B». eUat% rtacihw; wMmiut »* 
iedne; frip4fn^ friponiu; barony barotuu; pointy wrinU* 

S. JEnC js silent in the third peiion plural of verbS) but the preceding oonaonant hai a Tofy taSk 

aoond. Ex. ib aautent ; U» i 

' iUparlmt; UtmtuigaiL 





Oaet, onait, oaa^ 

Oi, oit, od, 

OuetB, ouolB, ouoient, 

Ots, oient, 

Onas, on&t, 








VtrmUfrvm tkb FMB«i«. 
Uen, noMieu^ 


Udf uet, uoit, 

(Jets, ttoia. uotent, u- 



C'est un grand joueur 

Dee routes boueuses 

Iiouise est ^btooissanca 

Vous 6tes tr6s-enrou6 

Jouet, Boubait, 11 louoit 

n croit que c'est de la nofiUe de poinon 

lis louolent, Je louois, des Jouets 

Que les rois soient justes 

Tu jouas afin qu*U Joudt 

Ce rouage va trds mal 

Nousjouons; nouslouons 

U fait son Joi^ou d'un babouin 

Je vis dans mon coin sans s(^ ni bescun 

II vit en Jouant ; la ville de Roaea 




Armsi/rom ikM rowels. 
Eon, torn 




Icn, «liM|rs im o«rfr«, 
and in some nouns^ 
len, m iitfMfM, I— ^ain; 9»d 


i broad ; 

A la lueur des ^toiles 

Bon front respectueut 

Donnex lui un biscuit 

Cette nude a remu6 vers le tad 

n remuoit : un langage muet 

Je le saluoJa ; Us cherchoient des bluets 

II continua d'obeerrer le nuage 

Tu continuas; tu substituas 

Nous nous saluons ; nous continnoot 

I<es liqueura suintent en Juin 

U a I'air d'un chat-huant 

La chiourrae forga de rames 
Les Confucius et les Fabius- 
Adieu monsieur le rieur 
l^aime ces vieux messieurs 
Je me conflai & son amitid 
Ma ni^ce est vieille ; 11 dtudioli 
lis se floient & ce nisis, & je m'en d^flois 
Un diad^me om6 de diamana 
Ratafia, galimatias 
Ce n^gociant est trop confiant 
Ses passions l8 font rugir comme un lioc 

Ce lien ne tient Jl riea 

Le maintien d*un client ; le soutien d' un patient 

T, by itself, or at the beginning of a word, at Assis a I'ombre d*une yeuse, 11 y Jouoit de la 
afVer a consonant, soundssimply lUte the vow^ lyre 

Y, not beginning a syllable, and followed by a 
vowel, sounds ii, and forms two distinct syl- 

Essayez voe crayons. Ce royaume cs loyal. Les 
paasans sont joyeux 

Two dote over a YowdyCaled <rm«, or di mrt Oe po0ta Aiie'lftiiaAvotA. Lm vm tambtf soal 
n«, indicate tbattboM two Toweis ore not to aonorei. Sa&l iuumui DavkL 
be pronounced in the same syllable. 



B haatwowiunds; », 

Somewhat between p and b^ 

C haa three eounda ; before a, o, «, k. 

Before e, t\ or with g 

In some wordsi nearly 
Ch baa two sounds ; 
Oh in many words, 
D has two sounds ; 

Before a vowel or A mute, 
F has two sounds ; 

OeneraUy b^ore a vowel or A mute, 
6 has three sounds ; before a, o, u, karah 

Before e, i, 

In some words, 
6n is generally liquid, gnU^ 


gnat gno^ 

Sometimes not liquid, 
H has two sounds; aspirated. 
Not aspirated, 
K has one sound ; always as a harsh c, 

L has two sounds ; liquid, glia^ giiot 

Not liquid, to, ^, b', 

M has three sounds ; m, 

With the nasality of n, 

As in English, ^em, «em, Aetm, 

N has three souiids ; nasals 

~ open, 

Asnin tetitfent 

P has one sound ; «, 

Q, has ttiree sounds ; in dropping «, A, 

With tt in its natural sound, eu, 

With tt souuded ou, ccm, 

R has one sound, r, 

Generally mute in nouns in trc before a 
S has two sounds ; «, 

OeiurnUy l>etween two vowels, z, 

T has two sounds ; t^ 

In substantives in Hon ; proper names, in 

tien ; adjectives in tto/, tie/, (mmz, tt«n, 

and their derivatives 
V has one sound ; 
\ has four sounds ; A«, 

As gs In the English word eggs^ gt^ 

A hissing sound, as in kisSf m, 

AM,m tealf tepkjfrf z 

Bon Jour, mon bon ami 

II obtint un pouvoir aberdu 

Du comble des grandeurs on le culbuta dana lu 

C^dille, citron, Ian9a, le(on, re^u. 
La seconde fots ; une b^casse & une bteaasiiMi 
Du cbocolat bien chaud ; un chevol Anglois 
La voix des bacchantes ; un 6cho 
Donnez-moi des dresses de Verdun 
R6pond-il a ce grand homme 
Je suis frapp^ de ceite fatale nouveile 
Neufhommes; pendant neufans 
Gusman de Gonzale ; du gazon 
J'aimo ie giroile & le gingembre 
Suer sang & eau ; unlong entretten 
Les vignobies dc la Bouigogne & de la Cham 

L&gnomonique ; des eauz stagnantea 
Le sh6roe sent h.irdis ; un esprit hargneux 
Un homme heureuz & honn^te 
LeKandesTartores; lasoude est du kali biiiM 
Ce soleil briUant me blesse I'aeil 
Acliflle attaqua la viUe de Troie 
Menez-moi chez ma mSre 
Je sais son nom and son sumom 
Sem. Jdrosaiem, S^lim, Epturaim 
Ce cnien ne prend rien 
L'ennemi est an^anti 
L'amour & I'hymen ; il dit amen & tout 
Le pauvre est sans pouvoir & sans pain 
Quality vaut roieux que quantity 
Une statue ^questre ; le quintuple de vingte 
Le veau marin est un quadrupede aquattoiue 
Votre argent restera sans int^r^t 
Votre pere a un autre projet 

Soyez aage 6c sachez vous taire 
Voici une rose : J*ai perdu mon fuaeau 
Souvent la trahison a les dehors de I'amitM 
La patience est la portion du pauvre 
Les Empereurs Domitien & DiocMtien 
Partial, essentiel, ambitieuz, impatient 
Venezme voir Vendredi prochain 
Les coiffcuses taxent Ic beau sexe 
Exigez qu*il vous en donne l*ezemple 
Soixante, Bruxelles, Cadix, Auzerra 
Deux OBufii & six amande? 

When a final, 

Lea donae ligiiet du aodaiqoe 
Joauia de Metaift lui de Ebodea 

N. B. Tlie coDsonaiits c, /, /, r, are commonly sounded at tbe end of words ; but the other een- 
fooaniB are almost always silent, unless they are Joined to a final e mute ; as taints tamUirnt 
itnijprudcuU; LmvUs^ Louise; Romania Romaine; petUfpelUe. 

The rule generally given, that a word ending nintncing the Anal eonsonanU of the verbs; J*a- 
wiifa a cooflonant abould be joined to a word be- vois envie ; il parut accabl^, nous parl&mes & 
pnnittg with a vowel, is absolutely erroneous, Antoine.— But, sound the final consonant, both 
and leads to a heavy afiecied manner of pro- of the verbs and pronouns, (according as they 

oouncing. It ia true that in reading verges^ and 
. in public speeches, consonants are oftener and 
' more strongly sounded before a vowel ; either 
ki preserve the measure of the verse, or to give 
a quicker impulsion to tbe air, and be heard at 
a greater distance. But in conversation^ and in 
familiar reading,nothing is more carefully avoid- 
ed by all unaffiected people. 

Uowever, as there are many cases in which 
tile consonants must be joined to tbe vowels, we 
(Jiail endeavour to give a clear rule, with its mo- 
difications, for the direction of Foreigners. 

1. Let us observe that the consonants e,/, 2, r, 
. few words excepted, are always joined to the 

next vowel of any word which tblJows them. 

2. The same remark stands good for any 
ether consonant that, by custom, is pronounced 
full at the end c^ some particular words ; which 
for the most part are ancient and modem /o- 
reigit names. Thus in the words ytmuy Bae- 
ckus, Memphis^ Abraham., ice. the final conso- 
nants keep their /uZi and natural sound, either 
before a consonant or a vowel ; therefore pro- 
nounce Vtnus aimable, F'inus blesuiei Bac- 
chus endormi, Abraham obHssanty &c. in sound- 
ing fully tbe final consonants. 

3. The verbs are never joined by unafiteted 
5])cakerB,u> the word which follows them^unless 
Uiat word be their pronoun coiyuhctive, the in- 
determinate pronoun on^ or the supplying pro- 
nouns y and en; which three last always sound 
before and after verbs. — Thus read without pro- 

N. B. The letters to be joined to the next vow- 
. els, have approaches (w) 
' Leg arbres de mon aU6e ; 

The trees of my alley. 

Lesi^des annoncent le ploiiel ; nion fc tsn 
expdment la possession. 

meet either before or after one another) in such 
constructions as these; aliens y; m*attend-oa1 

Sonnexrenl en-avez-vous? On-en-aura; vouaair 

mez ma soeur ; & elle vous aime. Parut-il accar 

bid ? Je ne puis qu'y faire, dit-elle. 

4. However, one may someUnies sound, but 
always very getttly,the final consonant of a verb 
before the inmtitiye avoir and iire. Xlfaut avoir; 
on doit Hrs. ^ 

5. The t of est and sent from the verb ttrSj 
sounds before any vowd. Jl est adroit; eUes 
sont aimabUs ^ 

6. The t of the conjunction et (and) la always 

7. The final n kk nasal sounds Is never to be 
joined to the next vowel, except in these fi>uf 
words ; «n, on, frten, rien; and in masculine 
adjectives ending in n, when iheypresede their 
substantives beginning with a vowel * as, mon 
bon ami ; j'al son argent ; donne moi ton 6p6e. 

6. S and x, joining a vowel, take the sound of 
z; d of t; g of k; and / the sound of v. 

These observations being premised, we may 
now offer the general rule. 

The final consonant of a word, (especially «, 
«, ty >c, and z) is sounded before a vowel, when- 
ever the jtr^e word necessarily afiects the second^ 
that Is, either determines, qualifies, or modifies 
its signification; such as, an article and its noun, 
a preposition and its case, &c. ice. with the ex- 
ceptions above mentioned. 

Refereness to the foregoing observations and 
to the gcnertu rule. 

Les and mon, as articles, modify the words 
arbres and allie; therefore, by the general rule, 
the s and n are sounded. 

The * in tea and dM, and the n in sum and toa, 
are silent before the next vowels* because <«« 

aes, TMiu, and ton, are taken abotraetedly, and i 
do not afiect the next word with their right of 

Here 9 ia pronounced before y and en, because 
lesy as article plural to y and en, determines the ! 
extent of their signification — d is sounded before 
K5a^e, because grand qualifies usage. 
Here the s of vou» sounds before tmstez, because 
it determines t'mttez, being its conjunctive {m-o- 
noun. The 9 of nous is silent before aussi, be- 
cause it does not affect it, but a Airther word 
Tou imitate your brothers; and tot also imi' rmitons, the conjunctive pronoun of which it is 
le them. The s of les ia sounded before imitOHs^ by the 1 

second pvagraph of the third observation. 

The n of ttn is sounded by the seventh obser- 
vation. The 8 of avis ia silent before important^ 
because avis does not qualify important, but ia 
qualified by it The t of imp ffrtantj soands be- 
fore aviSf because important affects tmis by 
qualifying it. 

biguity or a harsh sound ; because, as says M. 
r£hbe d'Olivet, the French prefer an irr^ularUy 
to a discoidant soand. 

- The toords Ics and des skew the plwrat nutm- 
her; the toords men and ton oMufwnoe posses- 
heay & les en sont d* un grand usage en Francois. 

The pronouns y and en are of great use in 
Voiis f mitez vos frdres ; & nous auasl, nous 

les Imitons. 

ITn avis important, 
Un important avis ; 
Jin important advice. 

Whenever some words will appear to contra- 
dict the general rule, let them be examined with 
care, and the reader will easily perceive tliat 
saeh iicenaes are taken to avoid either an am- 


The French have two e's not accented, as has teution to the following remarks will remove 

t>een already seen in the table of the vowels, every difficulty. 

One of them is always silent, and only seVves When a guttural e ends a second syllable, it 

{as far as relates to pronunciation) to lengthen is not pronounced ; and this is effected in the 

the syllable which precedes it ; as, un grand following manner ; the first syllable joins the 

poiiU; une grande pointe. Un mideein; une consonant of the second, and the e thus unsup- 

midecine. ported^ rranains silent: Ex. Q,uand vous se- 

The other unaccented e has a sound of Its own, rez le mi6me, vous me trouverez le m^me. ^ 

which coming from the throat, as in the English 
words daughter^ sister, gives to it.the name of 
guttural e. 

That e is sometimes pronounced, and some- 
times not ; and in this consists a great difficulty 
for foreigners, who always pronouncii^ it full, 
are long before they are able to follow a French 
conversation, and thence are inclined to believe 
that the French speak much faster than any other 

This sentence contains thirteen syllables in 
prose : Quand votw se rez le mime voue me trou 
ve rez le m^me. In verse, m&me would be divid- 
ed into two syllables. 

In familiar reading, and in conversation, it 
only contains eight syllables : Qitand nouss rel 
mSme, vousm trouv rel mem. 

Observe, 1. If the guttural e of the second 

nation. The truth is, that the French, taking syllable is either preceded or followed by a dipli- 
them in general, do not speak faster than other thong or a Vowel compounded of two Ietters,sncb 

people, but in conversation, and in familiar read- 
ing, they drop the guttural e, as often as they can 
do it, and thus go quicker through a sentence 
than does a foreigner, who gives a full guttural 
sound to every e he meets with. 

In this consists much of the neatness and ele- 
gance of a good French accent, and a little at- 

as au, ei, ou, Sec. the e must then begently heard; 
such we mark in the f(41owing examples with 
an asterisk (*). 

2. The consonant of an 9 guttural, cannot be 
joined to a syllable ending in e mute. ^ 

3. When you drop an e guttural, let the juno- \ 
tion be very smooth, and try to avoid a jerking 
harsh sound. 

In order to apply the preceding observations, we give here some lines of which the a*8 which 
follow the approaches, are not to be pronounced. 


Je me rendia le Jour Buivant chez le Gomtc / vent the next dan to the CovaU of Olivmrtx 
^ *^ "^ before the rising' of the eun, 

«f Olivarez, avant le lever de Taurore . 

Tons deviendrez le confident de ce seigneur ; You will become the confidant t/ that Lord; 
^ ^ ohowid not you like it f 

aimeriez-TOS a le devenir? 

(Test ce que je nc soubaite paq du tout, et ce It ta what I do not loitk at alienor nor 

que je ne aoubaiterai jamais. 

Jc ne puB m^empdcher de rlre de la sotte va- I could not help laughing' at tho foolish va 
^ "^ nity of my secretaryt but J did not however op 

iut6 de mdn secretaire, et cependant, je le lau»- pose him 

m fidre. ^ 

Cecte guerre devint le su)ct de toutes les me- 
rares de TEspagne. "^ ^ ^ 

Je nc puis m& rappeller le souvenir de cette 

That war became the subject ef all the wu^Sf 
sures of Spain- 

I cannot coil th<U toum to my remembrance, 
without cursing nineteen of its inhabitants out 
of twenty, 

I do not complain of you, rqilied the good eld 
man ; I even confess it to you, it is with regret I 
see myself in the necessity of breakiftg my word 
with you; and I beg of you to forgive it to mo. 

TiUe, sans maudire les trois quarts et demi de 
leg babitans. "~' ^ 

e ne me plains pas de vous, ripondit le bon 

rieillard ; Jc vous la dirai m6rae, c'est 

a regret que je me vois dans le n^cessitA de 

voos manquer de parole, & je vous conjure de 
me le pardonner.^ ""^ 


Which Foreigners find difficult to be pronounced, 

II y a plus de vignobles en Bourgogne qu'en divisibility de la matiere nous donne IMdte de 
BreUigne. jDe proced6_est ignominieux et in- Tinfinit^ & de retemit^. 

digne d*un Espagnol. Essayez de me trouver 
on petit 6pagneul, semblable d celui de voire 
fille. Un acn pasteur veille sans cease sur scs 

Mettez dans ce bouillon dea feuilles de cerfe- 
Qil & d^osetlle, Sc joignez y une gousse d'ail. J'ai 
pa^ une heure dans le Mail, a fkire une partie 

L*61ectricit6 6toit inconnue a Tantiquitd. 

La felicity accorapagne plus souvent la m6dl* 
oeritii que la superiority. 

Les armies entreront mardi en campagne. 
Marchez, rustres, marchez, ne vous endormez 
pas. C'est en furgeant que vous deviendrez for- 
geton. Formez mieux ces lettres rondez et ccs 

de qdilles. Mon tailleur m*a dit que tous les tettres b/Vtardes, et ne barbouiilez pas tant da 
panda seigneurs ^toient aiors en deuil k Ver- papier. Mon agent a mon argent Quant a moi 


Je m^amnsai la veille de Noel a consid^rer 
one vieille Bourgnignbne, qui jouoit de la viclle 
tiaDquilTement assise au soleil sur le seuil de sa 
porte. Essayez de bien prononcer Tamour & la 
Aiort ; des citroullles & des grenouilles ; un chi- 
"bn hargneux ; une abeille iiidustrieuse. Ne b6- 
pyez pas en disant une anguille et une aiguil- 
le-, ^gnyant and 6gay6. 

On confond souvent la simplicity avec la stu- 
pidity, & la regularity avec la singulaiite, " 

qui n'ai point d'ai^gent, je n'ai pas bcsoin d'a- 
gent. Prononeez les deux R des mots erreur, 
terreur, horreur, irrit^, terrible, erronne. 

Quand un cordier cordant vcut accorder sa 

De sa corde a corder trois cordons il accorde; 

Mais, si Pun des cordons de la corde d^corde, 

Le cordon, decordant fait d6corder la corde. 

La compassion est uno affection tendre. hm 
,.» factions d68olent cette nation. L' ambition est 
La une illusion qui conduit souvent A des actions 



Of Orammar m general 

GRAMMAR is the art of reading, speaking, 
and writing a language by rules. 

Tliere are nine parts of speech,' tlie article; 
tile noun, or sulistantive; tlie adjective, or ad- 
noun ; tiie pronoun ; the verb ; tiie adverb ; the 
preposition ; tiie conjunction ; and tlie interjec- 

1. Tiie article declares a noun, and deter- 
mines ttie extent of its signification. Hence ar- 
ticles are divided into definite j ind^niu^ and 

The word definite^ in its literal acceptation, 
signifies something limited within a known space 
—The word indefinite designs sonietliiiig with- 
out known limits— The word partitive means 
dividing into parts. 

In English, the is definite— a or an^ and like- 
wise soToe or any, in the sense of more or less^ and 
whatever^ are indefinite— «o me, in the sense of a 
portion of is partitive— TAc milliner has sent 
me the hat which I bought yesterday—./? milli- 
ner has shown to me a hat of a new fashion- 
Here are fine oranges, will you have any 7 Yes, 
I will buy «ome— Here is a fine orange, will you 
have any ? Yes, I will be obliged to you for some. 
Give me some l>read. Give me some apples. 

3. A substarUive expresses the idea of any 
thing which we may touch and see, or which 
we may conceive existing liy itself— A itUile, the 
sun, virtue and vice, are substantives. 

Substantives may be divided into proper, com- 
mon and abstract nouns. 

A substantive proper, strictly speaking, onl^ 
belongs to one person or one thing, and names it 
—Shakspeare, Homer; Shakspeare*s Othello; 
Homer's Iliad. 

A substantive common belongs to. more than 
one object. Tree, bird, fiower, oak, sparrow, 
pink, are substantives common. 

A substantive abstract expresses an object 

which is only conceived by the mind, without 

falling under any of the senses— Virtue, vice, 

goodnature, and peevishness, are substantives 

abstract; fbr, though we may know and see 

virtuous, vicious, good-natured, and peevish 

1^ men, we never saw virtue, vice, good-nature, 

^P and peevishness, but only conceive them by the 

power of our mind, as particular habits which 

render men virtuous or vicious, good-natured or 

• peevish. 

Nouns may have either a singular or a plura 
meaning, which ctainmarians ca'I number^ 
There are two nunibers— the singular and plural 

The singular designs one— .An apple, a pen, t 
man, are in the singular number. 

The plural designs many, or more than one- 
Two apples, ten pens, a hundred men, are all il 
tlie plural number. 

Tliere are four genders in Engiisb- Mascii 
line, feminine, neuter, and conunon. 

Tlie masculine belongs to all males— ^ man 
a horse, are masculine. 

The feminine belong to all females—^ wo 
man, a tigress, are feminine. 

The neuter in English' betongs to inanimate 
objects— ./J table, a pen, are neuier. 

The comman belongs to tlie order of males 
and females— CA<7</, chicken, thief, are of the 
common gender. 

3. An adjective or adnoun, expresses a parti- 
cular quality ascribed to a siibstanlive— A gooc 
man, a bad man, a studious man, a lazy man— ' 
The words good, bad, studious, and lazy, ex-J 
press the particular quality which belong to 
such or such a man. 

Adjectives, according to the extent of theii 
signification, take the nanne of positive, compa- 
rative, and superlative. 

An adjective, in its natural state, is in the posi- 
tive degree— Sophia is studious and obliging. 

An adjective in a state either of increase, dimi- 
nution, or equality, is in the comparative degree 
—Hence comparatives are divided into compara- 
tives of superiority, ivferiority, and equality. 

A comparative of superiority has for ita sign, 
the word more, or an ending in er, equivalent 
to TOortf- Cecilia is more studious, and wisei 
than her sister. 

A comparative of inferiority has fbr ita sign, 
the word less, followed by than, or the word st 
with a negation followed by a»— You ar« lesi 
studious than your brother. You are not so at 
tentive as you used to be. 

The comparative of equality has for Its sign 
the word as, followed by as— She is as good 
natured as her mother. 

An adjective in its most extensive meaning, £ 
in the superlative degree, and has fbr its sign tbt 
word most, or an ending in est, equivalent ti 
mest-^YouT sister is the most prudent woman 

kiKnr.->He is iheproudesti and the motttriilni^ 
■m in London. 

» 4. A pronoun is a word which is used instead 
' of a noun, to avoid a troublesome and unharmo- 
moos repetition. 

Pronouns are divided into^Personal^ ponsea- 
iive^ demcnstrative^ relative^ and indeterminate. 
—A complete list of all the pronouns is given in 
tbe following section ; our end here is only to 
give definitions and explain them. 

Personal pronouns, as the word designs it fol- 
fy, rppresent the names of persons—/ was yes- 
. terday with your sister ; she was speaking of yov, 
when your brother came up to us ; we conversed 
with kirn, and he invited «« to his house. 

Possessive in-onouns denote possession or pro- 
fnty — Your iioise is stouter tlian mine, is a con- 
cise way of saying : the horse which you possess 
tf stouter than the horse which /possess. 

Demonstrative pronouns point out the objects 
rf our observation or discourse, and clearly dis- 
tiogaisb them from any other object— TAm boy 
is more attentive than that gixl— These pens are 
tener than thoee. 

Relative pronouns show a reference to some 
■ Ribstantives which cither precede, or follow them. 
-The man who lives with me, and whom you 
know. The pen which I gave to your brother. 
Tbe grammar that I read. Which of these roses 
do you like best ?— Allpronouns, absolut^ qieak- 
inf, have a relative signification, but who, tAat, 
and which, are thoee which are properly called 
relative pronouns. 

The indeterminate or indefinite pronouns de- 
note their object in a genera], vague, and nncer- 
Uin manner— Oii« cannot always be happy— 
Somebody knocks at tbe door— 0>t« and somebody 
denote no particular object, and so they are in- 

5. The subject or nominative of a verb is the 
word which affects the verb, and determines its 
person and number—/ read ; we love ; your sis- 
ter sings ; your brothers play. 

Tbe oijeet or regimen of a verb, is tbe word 
which receives its iu^tion— I know your brother; 
he loves you; he will sing a song. 

A verb is a part of speech which signifies to 
Uy to dOfOrto suffer ; that is to say, the verb ex- 
presses either the actual state of persons and 
tilings, tbe actions which they do, or the impreo- 
sions they receive — We are free', he becomes 

ri. We praise candour ; I hate double deal- 
Liars are despised ; virtuous nif n have been 
mmtdmeu weak. 

Hence the natural division of verbs into tub' 
•tothre, aeUvs, and passive verbs. 

A verb tubstanthe denotes what kind of uaAdB 
subsists between a subnet and its aUrikule, To 
be is tlie only real verb substantive-^Tour bro- 
ther «« obedient ; your brother wiUberich\ that 
caan is not rincere ; your brotlier wsls not guilly. 

A \er\r active declares an action, doing, done, 
or to be done— I praise you ; we repn'moadss 
him ; we wtU examine his conduct 

A verb passive expresses the irapresskm of an 
action which an object is receiving, has receiv- 
ed, or will receive-^He is hated ; your sister was 
praised; he wUI be reprimanded— Ueoxjc it ap- 
pears, that the different tenses of the verb to be^ 
joined to a participle, form a verb 0(M«t««. 

Besides this general division, verbs receive tlie 
names of auTAliary or helping, refieeted, ree i vro- 
eal, neuter, personal^ defective, regular, and tr> 

The verbs to be and to have, are called auxilia- 
ry or helping verbs, because they help to conju- 
gate ail other verbs in many tensea— I have dined ; 
you are praised ; we wiU have sung ; he should 
be corrected. 

A verb rtfiected is a verb active, the su^ect 
and object of which are the same— ife praises 
himself; I hurt myself; yon will ruin your se{f. 

A verb reciprocal is a verb active, tlie subject 
and object of which are not the same ; but as in 
the reflected, they have a mutual action upon 
one anoUier. Hence it follows that a verb reci- 
procal is alwavB in the plural number— M^etove 
one anoVier : they write to one another. 

A verb neuter has no regimen— He /eZ2 down ; 
she runs well. 

All verbs which maybe conjugated with three 
penaons in the singular, and three in the plural, 
are called personal — / write ; thou writest ; he 
writes; we write; ye write; they write. 

A verb impersonal is only conjugated with tiie 
pronoun t(, in the third person singular— /£ rains; 
it will snow ; it eoncerru you. 

A verb defective cannot go through the usual 
variations of other verba— Methinks, methought. 

A verb regular agrees with the usual forma* 
tionof verbs— /in-aue; /praised; /ha^e prais- 
ed; /love; I loved; /have loved. 

A verb irregular does not agree with the usual 
formation of verbs— 7^9, / went, / have gone ; / 
speak, /spoke, /have spoken. 

Verbs have moods, tenses^ persons, and mem 

A mood is the distinct manner of expmMing 
the various powers of a verb— There are four 
moods: the inltnitive, the indicative, the sub- 
junctivcj and the iw^eraCsve. 

Tho mood iwftnitive declares the powe# of tiie 
verb in its most extensive Bignilicatioa'— it ispro- 
JUable^ to study, to converse^ and to r^et: The 
words to atudyyio converse^ and to rt^/Uct, set 
no limits to the ideas of study, conversation^ and 
reflcctionj but leave them iu a boundleas signifi- 

The mood indicative declares in a direct man- 
ner what a subject is, does, or suffers, without 
. standing in need of a conjunction— You are 
happy ; your sister has been, is, and will be loved 
by every body. I now read Anacharsis, and I 
will soon make an extract of it. . 

The mood subjunctive, likewise called con- 
junctive and optative, canniX haye a meaning 
without the help of a conjunction. Its literal 
meaning is a complete definition ; it is a mood 
dependant on a conjunction, either expressed or 
understood.— 7'Aou^A the rich be powerful, they 
cannot avoid diseases, and bribe death. I wish* 
your brother may come iu tune, {* that is under- 

The mood imperative expresses a command, 
or a desire— i2«a<2 your lesson. Sit down by me. 
l^t him speak. us take a walk. 

All the objects of our thoughts are either in a 
past, present, or future time— Hence verbs have 
three tenses, the present, the past, and the fu- 
ture, which remain sufficiently expressed by 
their literal denomination, without any other de- 
finition — / speak, f am speeding, is a present 
tense ; J spoke, I have spoken, is a past tense; / 
will speak, I will be speaking, is a future tense. 

Those three chief tenses are susceptible of su- 
bordinate divisions, as will be seen in the para- 
digm of conjugatioiia. 

Verbs, like nouns, have a singular and a plu- 
ral number. Each number has three persons ; 
/, thou, he, she, or a substantive for the singular : 
we, you, Vtey, a substantive, or many substan- 
tives for the plural—/ read, thou readest, he 
reads, Sophia reads ; we read, ye read, they read, 
the boys read, Mary and Jane read — Modern po- 
liteness will have, in writing and conversing, the 
second person plural used instead of the second 
pereon singular. 

6. The adverb is a word joined to a verb, lo 
determine the extent of its signification— Fcm- 
example, if I say : you run^ you study, you write; 
I only present to the hearer the ideas of motion, 
study, and writing. But if I make use of ad- 
verbs, and say: you run fast; you study eare- 
lessly ; you write elegantly ; the adverbs fast, 
carelessly^ and elegantly^ measure, as it were, the 

parts which arc takea out of die boundless 

meaning, to run, to study, to write. 

An adverb is oflen formed of many words, 
and is then called an adverb compoundr-Yoa. run 
with grace ; that is lo say, gracefully. 

The same word may be taken aiiverbialiy in 
a sentence, and be a preposition in another — Vou 
walk after me, and you should run before me. 
I will go before, if you promise to come after. 
In such circumstances tlie adverb is easily dis- 
tinguished from the preposition; for the latter 
has always a regimen, and the former has noue 
Indeed, those adverbs in appearance, are real 
prepositions with the ellipsis of a regimen. 
Thus, in the preceding sentence, the complete 
sense is : I will go before you, if you promise to 
come after me. 

7. A preposition is an indeclinable word, put 
before a noun or a pronoun, to govern it, and 
show the relation it has to other parts (^ the 
sentence— I have lived near your house during 
three months, and I never had the pleasure <rf 
being in your company before this mom^it — 
The prepositions near, during, ia, b^ore, con- 
nect the relations which vicinity, sociableness, 
and time have to one anotlier. 

8. A conjunction is an indeclinable part of 
speech, which unites the different meanings of 
various words, or part of a sentence, into one 
general cohiplete sense— I saw your father and 
mother yesterday, and neither he nor she would 
believe tliat you could read as well as your bro- 
ther ; but, tftough they are so hard to be persuad- 
ed, they will at length believe me, when they 
hear you read. 

9. An interjection is an indeclinable word 
which serves to declare joy, surprise, fear, grief, 
aversion, desire, and other sudden emotions of 
the mind, which no connected sentence could ex- 
pxesa—Jllas ! dear me I bless vs ! oh 1 fy ! pshaw f 
zounds! and such like expressions, are called in- 
terjections. Thero are emotions of the mind 
so lively, and so very sudden, that every body 
will at that time make use of interjections ; but 
too frequent a use of them, in a' deliberate 
way of speaking, is a sure mark of ignorance, 
affectation, and a dearth of words. Hence we 
see that illiterate people abound most In inter- 
jections, and in that worst kind of them which 
is called swearing. 

We finish this section with observing, tliat in 
order to avoid repetitions, or an uuharmonious 
style, words necessary to tlie grammatical con- 
struction of a sentence are often omitted; and 


that omlarioii is, by grammariam, called tUip' taken out of Button*! Paraditt LoH, points qui 
lu. TlM mHeritk, in tlie foUowing examplea, tbe tUipsU, 

O earth, bow like to lieaven *! (* iM»u art) 

Nor lovethy life, nor hate *; but what thoa livest, (* i£) 
^ Live wdl ; bow kmg, or short *, permit to heaven. i*itiato he) 

Greedily she ingorged * without restraint, {* tke/rnat) 

And knew not * eating death. (* that she vas) 

Grace was in all her steps, heaven * in her eye, (* wtu) 

In every gesture * dignity and love ! (* were} 

Tbe earth gave signs of gratulation, and eacn hlU *; i*gav§ signs ofgrahdation) 

Joyous * the birds, (* were) 

Batwlio I was, or where *, or from what cause *, (* / wav, leame) 

* Knew not : to speak I tried, and forthwith * spake. {*!,!) 
. There are few compound sentences without an ellipsis; and as it may attach u> any part of 
ipeccfa, it is very necessary, for the grammatical analyos of a sentence, to read it careAilly, and ob- 
Krre wliere tbe ellipsis takes place. 



Cf the several Parts of Speech in French and English. 

Thb chief end of this section is to present at one view, those words which occur in eveiy line of 
• book, and constitute at least one-third, and often the half of each sentence. Whoever will take 
;&e trouble of learning them well, (which may be done in a short time,) will very soon be able to 
nad French books with ease and pleasure. 

We shall consider the parts of speech in the following order: Articles; accidents pecnfiarto 
Babetantives and Adjectives; Pronouns; Verbs; Prepositions; Conjunctions; Adverbs, and In- 

Mbreviations used in the following Pages. 
98. maflcnline singular fp feminine phual 

mp. masculine plural cs. masculine and feminine ^gular 

fs. feminine sii^gnlar cp. masculine and feminine pJural. 

N. B. For Definitions consult Section U. 


Definite Article, maseuline singular, before a Consonant^ oranh aspiraUd. 
Le, dn, au ; Le p^re, du p6re, au pere ; father 

tke, of or from the, to the; Le h6ros, du h^ros, au h6ros ; hero 

De^^tnUe Jirticle,feminin» singular, before a Consonant, oranh aspirated. 
La, de la, a la ; La m^re, de la m^re, k la mere ; mother 

Ae, of oi from the, to the; La hame, de la haine, k la haine ; hatred 

definite ..Article, singular, before a vowel, or anh mute. 
L', de r, & V; Vamour, de Tamour. a ramour ; love 

^ of or from the, to the; L'envie, de I'envie, a Penvie ; envy 

The apostrophe stands for e befbre masculine L'homme, do riiomrae, k Thomme ; vum 
0ad for a before feminine nouns. L'heure, de Theure, k Thcure ; hour 

Definite Jirticle, plural, before any Jfoun. 
Les^ 4ca, anz; Les fits, dee fils, aux fils ; sons 

^ tfotfrem the, fe the Les fiUes, des filles, aux fillcs ; daughters 

Les amis, des amis, aux amis ; fncnds 



) r de le 


Du, m». 

De la,/». 

De r, M. brfore a vow- 

De, es. and ep. btfore 

D*, es. and ep. 50f<)r« 

yntk a voweC^ or h 

9oim; annit; apart 

N.B. 5<nii« Is often 
understood in Eng' 

Make always me of the eontractkm, and jm 
▼er write or say ideU^iUjde Us^ A let. 

Ind^fbtite partitive, 

^Donnez-moi da pain ; gweme some breetd. 
II a de la viande ; he hoe some meat, 
n a de I* argent, & de rhumanit6 ; Ae has money 

Elle a des tila & des filles ; sons, da-urhUrs. 
J*ai de bon pain ; de bonne eau ; de Dons amis 

de bonnes pommes ; J have good bread^ toater 

friends^ apples. 
n a d^excellent vin ; d'exceHenteapoiria ; he hat 

fotii«, pears. 

Proper Jfames are deeUned with the prepositions de and k, 
Les livres de Soptiie ; j'ai parl6 & C^clle &. a Emilie : 

The boohs of Sophia. I have spohen to Cecilia and Emilia. 

Les Merits de Voltaire ; U 6crivit & Marmontel, &. 4 Rousseau ; 

The works of Voltaire. he wrote to Marmontel and Roiisseau. 

Cj€s rues de Paris & de Londres ; il demeure a Rome ; 

The streets of Paris and JLondon. he lives at Rome. 

NOUNS, either adjective or subetantioeiiorm. Le bon livre, les bons livres ; book 

their plural by the addition of an « to the sin- 

Observe 1st Nouns ending in «, x, or z, in the 
lingular, never change that termination. 

La bonne fille, les bonnes filies ; girl 

Le fib, les fils ; son 
La croiz, les croix \ cross 
Le nez, les nez ; nose 
Le travail, les travaux ; work 
Le cheval, les chevaux ; horse 
Un 6gal, des 6gaux ; equal 
3. Nouns ending in au, eu, on, and isu^ require Le bateau, les bateaux ; le feu, les feux ; le U- 
an z in the plural. Jou, les bijoux ; le lieu, les Ueuz ; boat^ fire^ 

2. Nouns ending in ail and a<, ibrm tbehr plu- 
ral by changing ail and al intoaux. 

jewel, place 
Une - •• 

4. Nouns of moire than one sylhible, ending in Un enfant ob^issant, des enfans oti^issana ; ebe- 

tt£, are commonly written without t, in the plu- dient child; children 

ral ; but they always take «, according to the ge- Un serpent, des 8er])en8 ; serpent 
neral rule. ^ 

Monosyllables ending in n^ never lose their C, Une dent, des dents ; toothy teeth 

in the plural. II est lent, lis sont tents ; slow 

JtTouns which deviate from the preceding Rules^ or which cannot be wtifomdjf classed* 

Bleu, trou, cou, clou ; blne^ hole^ neek^ naU 

Filou, fou, matou, hibou; sharper, madman^ male cot^ owl 

Mou, licou, loup-garou ; soft^ haker, hobgoblin 

Take s in the plural, contrary to the third ob- Tout has tous for its masculine pt. tous lei 

servation. hommes; all men i 

Bal, camaval, pal, r^gal, bocal ; and proper Ball, carnival, pale In heraldry, a treaty « do- 

names in al, when used m the plural ssnse^ take canter— Le grand Annibal; les AnDlbala sont 

m 8 til thepluralf contrary to the second obser- rares aqjouid'hui ; such men as Hnwsibal sn 

Atlimil. oamail, d^tafi; Apparatiu, friesVt ehMk, partiaiUr 

Eventail, ^pouvantaU, gouvemall ; l^n, scareeroio, helm 

, Mail, ponail, s^rail ; form their pl%ral in 8, JUeUlj large gaU of a ehwrdi, seragUc 
tmtrary to the second observation. 

The foUowUg Jfoeme mr4 gmte irregular. 

BixaSU ». besdanx, pi. cattle; <Bil, «. yeoz, pi. ey«; aieul, ». grandfttther; aleux, pi. gneetsrs, 
del, 8. cieuz, pi. heaven; ail, «. aulz, pi. garlic; mon, ton, aon, ». mes, ub, aoa, p<. «y, My, hit, 
or her. 

Cid bas ca«l« for its plural, wben it flignifies tbe tetter of c bed^ or tbe eloudt in a pieture. <EU 
has flnlff for its plural, when it means an oval vindov — Other minute exceptjons are carefully no. 
tjced in the Dictionary. 

N. B. Observe that We say adjeetivet, and not adjeetivet and ««i«<a»t»oe5.— Substantives never 
vary, but to fonn their plural. — ^Beginoers often fall into tbe error of adding an e to all the substan- 
tives feminine they have occasion to employ. 

Un bomme aimable, une femme aimable ; d<» 
hooimes ou des femmes aimables; sMm, wo- 
man, men, womenj amiable 
Un homme savant, hardi, prudent; une femme 
savante, bardie, prudentc ; learned^ bold^ pru- 

Observe 1st. Of the adjectives in c, some Blanc, blanche, white; franc, firanche, tineere; 
change c into cA«, and some otlierB into que, to sec, s^che, dry; grec, grecque, grecian; pub- 

All adjealves ending with e without accent. 

comBODly called sntte, have the masculine and 

feminiae alike- 
Other adjectives generally take an e mute to 

form Cbeir foniniue. 

form their feminine. 

2. Adjectiv^ ending in/, change it into ve to 
form their feminine. 

3. Adjectives in eur and eux, change those 
terminations Into eute for tbe feminine. 

4. Adjectives in I, with e, n, nr ei before Z, 
double that final Z, and take an e mute— The 
othere only take an e to form their feminine. 

5. Of the adjectives ending in n, those only 
doable n in their feminine, which have o before 
R, or pnd in ien — The others only take e. 

6 The adjectives ending in «, with an « or o 
bHfnre it, double tbe t, and taice e for their fe- 

lic, publique, public; ture, turque, turkieh; 

caduc, caduque, infirm. 
Un homme oisif, vit', naif; une femme oisive, 

vive naive ; indolent^ lively, candid. 
Un homme beurcux, trompeur ; une femme heu- 

reuse, trompeuse ; happy, deceitful. 
Cruel, cruelle, crtul; nul, nulte, not one; pareil, 

pareille, alike. 
Gentil, genteel, has gentiUe for its feminine. 
Un bon homme ; un iivre ancien ; une bonne 

femme ; Thistobe ancienne ; good, andent^hit- 

Net, nettc, dean; sot, sotte, foalith. Secret. 

eompletj and d&rot do not double t, Imt only 

take e; secrete, complete, dttvote. 

miiiine— The others only take «. 

.adjectives which deviate from the preceding Rules, or cannot be uniformly classed. 

Bas, m. basse, /. low; ^pais, ^paisse, thick; 
rxprfs, expresse, prrcise; las, lasse, tired; glas, 
grasse, fat; gros, grosse, big; b^nin, b^nigne, 
mid; malin, maligne, malicious; long, longue, 
long; donx, douce, sweet, mild; frais, fraiche, 
frt^Mh; rouz, rousse, reddish; faux, fausse,/a2«e; 
jaloux, jalouae, jealous; absnos, absoutie, ah- 
solved; diasous, diasoute, dissolved; favori, favo- 
^ lite, darling, favorite. 

Mon, «. molle, /. toft, indoUnt; fou, foUe, mod, 
foolish; beau, belle, handsome, fine ; nouveau, 
Douvelle, new; vieux, vieille, eld, are formed. 

Un CQBur bas, une ame basse ; mon frcrc est las, 
ma soBur est lasse ; un boeuf gras, une vache 
grasse ; un gros homme, une grosse femme ; 
un natnrel Ix^nin, une huroeur b^nigne ; un 
bomme faux & jaloux ; une femme fausse Sl 
jalouse ; un auteur favori, une chanson favo- 
rite— Xoit may have the plural, in following 
the rule for the formation of plural; Rx. bas, 
basse, Sing, bas, basses, pL long, longue, Sing. 
long, longues, &c.p2. 

Un bomme mou, de la cire molle :— (moZ is oat 
of use)- II est fou, un fol amusement, ell« 
est folle ; un beau cbapeau, un bel homm<° 


fnm mol, fol, bel, nonyel, Tieil, vhUk care %»ed one belle femme ; nn noaveaa deawin, nn 
before a vowel or an h mute, Vieux, bowever, nouvel accident, une mode nouveOe ; un vieux 
may be used before a vowel ; un vieU am, or un cbeval, un vieil ami, une vieille maiaoii. 

But the masculine plural Is always formed ftom Ua bel lKMDme,de beaux hommes; «a nouvel 

tbe masculine singular not ending in I. accident, de nouveauz accidens. 

Comparatives in «ttr, form tbeic feminine by the UnmeiUeur loi, une meilleure reine; un g6ni« 

addition of an e, contrary to the third observation ; sup6rieur, une fortune sup^rieure ; un lieu in.' 

meiUeurf meiUeure; eupMmr^ aupirieure, ^e. ftrieur, une partie inf&rieure. 

Personal Proneune. 
We divide the personal pronouns into three classes— The first consists of those which govern the 
verbs ; the second of those which are governed by the verbs ; and the third of those wmch are go> 
vemed by prepositiomH- Some of them, as it will appear, are equally governing and governed. 

Personal Pronouns governing Verbs. 
Je, cs. I; Je lis, i'^cris, je chante ; Irec^ terite^ sing 

Moi, es. I; Vous & moi nous sommes contens ; you and I are satisfied [evmped 

Nous, cp. ve, Nous d^jeun&mes, nous din&mes, nous soup&mes ; toe breakfastedf ^ned^ 

Tu, es. ikou; Tu danses, tu joues, tu dors ; tkou dancest^ playest^ sUepest 

Toi, cs. thou; Toi qui fais I'insolent, qui es-tui tkou who speakest so loudy who art tkou? 

Vous, es. and cp. year Vous mangez, vous buvez ; you eat, drijik 

II, ms. he; it; II 6tudie, il parle; il pleut ; he studiesj he speaks^ it rains 

Lui, ms. he; Voua n'6tes pas amis vous & lui : you and he are not friends 

Elle, fs. she; it; £Ue viendra, die tombra (la malaon,) she wiU eome^ it will fall {the house} 

Us, mp. they; Us ont des amis ; they have fiends 

EUes, fp. they; Eiles sont poUes ; they are civil 

On, es. otu; they; we; On aime k dtre heureux ; oju likes^ we men, people like to be happy; on dit | 
people; men; it is, Sre. it is said 

Personal pronouns governed by Verbs. 
Me, es. me; 11 me connoit; he knows mo 

Me, to me; Vous me parlez ; you speak to me 

Moi, cs. me; Secourez-moi ; help me 

Moi, to me; Parlez-moi Francois ; speak French to ma 

Nous, ep. us; U nous estime ; he esteems us 

Nous, to us; II nous parla ; he spoke to us 

Tc, cs. thee; Je te connois; I know thee 

Te, to thee; H te parle ; he speaks to thee 

Vous, es. ep. you; Nous vous aimons ; we love you 
Vous, to you; Nous vous parlerons ; we will speak to you 

Lui, ms. to him; Vous lui parl&tes ; you spoke to kirn 

Lui, fs. to her; Nous lui ^crivlmes ; 100 wrote to her 

Le, m«. Am; Je le respecte ; I respect him 

La, fs. her; Je la connois ; / know her 

JjgBj cp. them; Nousles aimons; ace Zooe(A«iit ) 

Leur, ep. to them; Je leur parlerai ; ru speak to them vmen or women 

Se, cs. 8c ep. Himself^ herself themselves ) 1 

En, e*. & cp. Of rt, of him, of her, of them 

Y, cs. 6c ep. To it, to him, to her, to them, here, Aere , 

Personal Pronotms governed by Propositions ' 

Moi, cs. me; Devant moi, apr^s moi ; before, after 

Novm,; Avec nous, sans nous; with, without 1 

Tbi,ef. f&«0; Pourto!,lolndetol; /or./ar/hwi 

, .VooB, CM, en. fou; Malgrd voub; <» tpiU off<m 

LaifWu.klm; Denrlere lai, Ten lui ; behind towards 

Elle, /». il0r; Prts d*elle, aupr^s d'elle ; near her 

lax, mp. them; Au-deaoiM d*eux ; below theih 

EUea, /ji. them; Au-deasua d^elles ; above them 

^ea-cn^e 9«Jf; Prendre garde & soi ; to taJto care •/ mm*« M|f 


OmjimctJve peeeeeeioe pronoune. 

Mon, flu. ) Man livre, mon cheval ; bookj horse 

Ma, fa. > My; Ma plume, ma maison ; pm, Aou«« 

Hes, cp. > Mes fr^res, mes scBurs ; brothers^ eiatera 

Toojflw. ) - Ton courage, ton pays; eovrare^ emaOry 

Ts,/«. V thy; Ta ▼ertu, ta bont6 ; virtue^ kmdneee 

Tes, <7. ) Tes oncles, tea tantea ; uneleSf aunts 

Son, ms. ) hia; Son pdre, eon cbeval ; father, horae 

8a,jr#. > her; Sarobe, sajupe; ^oton,9ettMoat 

Ses, cp. > tto; Sea roues, aea rayons; wheeUj apokea 

Notre, c». ) Notre roi& notre reine; ktng^ queen 

Nob, cp. J *^'^* Noe cousins, noacouBines; coiMinj 

Vodre, ca. \ ^^... Votre mari, votre Spouse ; husband, wift 
Yos, <7. $ y'^'^' Voa fits, voa filles ; eons, daughters 

Lenr, ea. i ^j. • . Leur Jardin, leur maiaon ; garden, house 
Leurs, cp. j ' Leure arbrea, leura Heuia ; treea^fiowers 

N. B. Mon^ ton, son, are uaed instead of ma. to, so, before a noun feminine, beginning ^ 
Towel or an h mute, to avoid a harsh articulation. Ex. Mon amiti^, my friendship; ma ■ 
amiti^, my sincere friendship; ton insolence, thy insolence; tagrande insolence, thy extreme mm- 
2cacc; son histoire, his hiatory; sa aavante biatoire, hia learned hiatory. 

Observe also, that all poesesaive Pronouna, either conjunctive or relative, but more clearly those 
of the third peraon, agree, in English, with Ute poaseesor of a thing, and in French with the thing 
poBseaaed. Many miatakea will be avoided by attending to thia obaervation. Ex. U aio»e «afemme, 
«afilte Sc sea aoeurs ; he lovea hia zoife, bis daughter, and hia sistera. Elle ahne son marl, «a» fila, 
k. ses fr^res ; she loves her husband, her son, and her brothers. Votre frdre a perdu son conteaa 
& sa bourae ; your brother has lost his knife and his puree. Votre soBur a perdu son couteau fc a« 
boarae ; yowr tfwtcr has lost her Aait/c and her purfc. 

Relative possessive Pronouna. 
Le mien, ma. ) r Votre livre & le mien ; book 

La mienne, af. f ^^. J Votre plume & la mienne ; p0» 
Les miena, mp. L ' 1 Sea agneaux & lea miens ; lambs 

Les miennes,^. ) ( Ses ch^vrea & les niiennes ; goat 

TjC tien, ma. \ C Mon canif &. le ticn ; penkn^e 

La tienne, fa. f **,•-,. ) Ma le^oa & la tlenne ; lesson 
Lea liens, mp. i ' ) Ses crayons & les tiena ; peneOa 

Les tiennea, ^. ; ( Ses tulipea & lea tiennea ; tulips 

Le sien, m« } ( Mon chapeau 8c le aien ; hat 

La sienne, fs. f Ais and i Ma montre & la aienne ; watch 

^ Lea slen8,mp. ( hers; j Mea baa & lea aiena ; atoekinga 

Lee atennes, fp j f Mes manchettes 8t lea aiennea ; n^fflea 

Le ndtre, ma ) C Votre laquais & le nfttre; footman 

La ndtra, /a. > ottra; < Votre aervante & la ndtre ; maid 

UeanAtrWycp. ) ( Voscooainadblea nfttrea* coicatn 

Le vAtre, ms, } C Hon ^ ventail St to vdtre ; fam 

La'Vdtret/r. > fourt; < Ma tabati^re & la vOtre ; sni^ox 


* Lea v6tre8f q>. S i ^^ soalien & lea vdtres ; tKoet 

Le leur, ms. ) I Notre pays &, le leur ; eowUry 

La leur, /«. > tJieirt; < Notre arm^e & la leur ; army 

lies leurs, cp. > ( Noe chevaux & lea leurs ; hornet 


Altbough all PnmounB have a relative signification, tlie following ones are more peeuliarty bo 
called— They are of both genders and numbers, except l^wl and qvul that are declined. 

Q,ui ; wko^ whom, CAa£, thai which 

Clue ; t0A«m, that, what, howl why? 

Dont ; whose, of whom, of which 

Q.uoi; which, what! what? (never said of persons) 

Ott ; at whichy in which, (ou without acestU, or, either,) 

duel ; ms. quelle, /«. quels, mp. queile8,/p. what— It is always Joined to its substantive. 

Lequel, laquellc, lesquels, lesquelles, duquel, &c. which 

Application of the Rslatiw Pron»nu 

L*homme qui vous parle ; the man who speaks to you 

La femme qui vient d*cntrer ; the womun who just cams in 

Qui demandcas-voua ici ; whom do fou wajit here 

Les choses qui me plaisent ; the things that Hike 

Apr^s qui courez-vous 1 whom do you run after 

De qui parlez-vous ; whom are you speaking of 

L*homme que j'esttme ; the man whom I esteem 

La femme que-vous voyez ; the woman whom you see 

Les chevaux que j'ai ; the horses that I have 

QxLB vous ^tes aimable ! how amiable you are 

Clue n'est-il plus sage ? why is he not wiser 

La dame dont je parle ; the lady whom J speak of 

Les liommes dont vous parlez ; the men whom you speak of 

L'argeut dont j*ai besoin ; the money that I want 

Les lois dont il depend ; the laws on which he depends 

La grammairedont je parte; the grammar of whith I speaJt 

A quoi penses-vous ? what are you thinking of 

De quoi parlcz-vous ? what are you speaking of 

Le but ou J' aspire ; the point which I aim at « 

Le si^cie od nous vivons ; the age we live in 

D'ou vient votre fVire 7 whence does your brother come 

Quel llvre lisez-vous ; what book do you read 

De quelle femme parlez-vous 1 what woman do you speak of 

Quels sont voe sentimens ? what are your sentiments 

Quelles ^tranges'nouvellGS 1 what strange news are these 

Lequel aimez-vous le mieux de ces deux tableaux 1 which of these two pictures do you like oittJ 

Avec laquelle de ces dames avez-vous dans6 1 loitA which of those ladies £d you dance? 
Ce, ms. (before a consonant) this, that; Ce cbapeau ; this, thai, hat 
Get, ms. (before a vowel or an it mute) Get homme, cet oiseau ; this man, that bird 

this, that; 
Cette, fs. this, that; Cette ann^e, this uear 

Ces, ep. these, those; Ces hommes, ces femn 

N. B. Ce, cet, cette, ces^ are always joined to a noun. 
Celui qui, he who; Celui qui parle ; he whfi speaks 

Oelle qui, she who; CeUe qui dmnte ; she who sings 

Ceux qui, they who; 
Celles qui, they toho; 
Ce{ui-ci, ms. tkU; 
Ceiiii-la, 1 
Ceux-ci, 1 
Ceax-tt, tkoae; 
CeIie-ci,/«. this; 
CeUe-14, thai; 
Celles-ci, fp. these; 
Celles-IA, those; 

Ce qui, ms. that vhich; 
Ce que, me. that tohich; 

Ceci, IN*. tkU^ this thing; 
Cela, ms. that, that thme; 

Ceux qui trav&Hlent ; werk 
Celles qui cboutent; simg 
Prenez celui-ci ; take this 
Vendez celui-M , seU thai 
Prenez ceux-ci ; take these 
Vendez ceuz-lA, ; seU those 
Gardez celli-ci ; keep this 
DoDnez celle-la ; give that 
Gardez c^lea-cl ; keep these 
Donnez oelIe»-l& ; give these 

Cequt plah; that which pUases 5 Stnl* S^i^UirSKfl 
Ce queje dia'; that whiJisay \ SjJheTrb. ^ ^ 

Preuez-ceci; take this 
Donnez-inoi cela ; give me that 

N/B. Ci and Id are aJded, to point at the object more forcibly, or to mark the distance. Ex. 
Voyez-vous ces livres 1 i»'enez ceux-ci, & lalssez ceux~lA; 2>o yen, see these books? take these here 
emd leave thoee. Prenez celui-ci, & je preodiai celui-l£i ; take the nearest^ and I will tahe the far- 


Cbaque, ce. «aeA, every;, (is al- 
ways joined to a Rswi.) 
Chacun, sm. cbacune, fs. each; 
{i» never joined to a noun toith- 
omt, theprepoeition de) 
auelque, cs. quelques, ep. some; 
{is alieaye joined to a noun) 
Quek[u*un, ms. quelqu*une, fs. 
quclques-un8,w|). queiques-unes, 
fp. some one., some ones; '(is nc 
zcr joined to a noun without the 
preposition de) 
Q.uiconque, cs. whoever; 
Cluelconque, cs. any^ whatever; 
Peraonne, with ne, me. nobody; 
PerBonne, me. any body; 
On, ce. oncj sonubodyj they^ toe, 
people^ ««n— And it is oftener 
changed into a passive verb. 
En, cs. and cp. of tY, of Asm, of 
ktr, of them, any, some^ likCt tn, 
ftioair, ^c. 

1 am aware that these two useful panicles do not properly belong to the indeterminate pro 
nouns, nor even can be considered as pronouns in many of their meanings; but as they generally 
have no settled Signification of themselves, unless their antecedents be ascertained, I thought they 
might, without any great impropriety, be classed among the indeterminate parts of speech. 

The auxiliary verb AVOIR, tohave, to possess. 

Chaque pays, cbaque mode ; every country has its eustems 
Chaque homme, chaque femme ; man, woman 
Chacun le dit ; every one says «o— cbacune de ces femmes ; each 
of these women 

Quelque traiue voua vendra ; some traitor will betray you—i*di 

quelquc amis; I have some friends 
Quelqu'un viendra ; somebody will come— Parlez h querqu*uiie 

de nes dames ; speah to one of those ladies — Quelques-uns de 

ces hommes, quclques-unes de ces femmes ; seme of those mm, 

those women 

QuiconqUe le dit a tort ; whoever says so is wrong 
Un livre quelconque ; any book 
Personne ne Taime ; nobody likes him 
Personne le croil-in does any body believe it? 
On le dit ; one, somebody says so; we, people eay eo; tt i§ eaid 
to— On halt les tyrans ; tyrants are keited 

Y ee. and ep. to it, to him^ to her, to them, to that, there, thither 

Present, avoir; 

Oerund, ayant ; 

Participle eu, eue; eus, eues. 
had me. fs. mp. ^ 

Pretent Taue^ I have. 


S. J*ai, Ikaoe; ta as, thou hatt; II a, Ae hat; elle a, the hat; on a, om J'ai ea, /have had^ Sre. — 

hat; mon frore a, my broiktr hat; The compoand tenses are 

Pla. Moufl avons, we have; youb avez, ye have; ils ont, they have; eUes fomied in adding thenar 

oat, tkty have; mes f rdres ont, my brathere have. Ue^le to theainiple teosefl. 

Impet^eet, I bad. 
J^avois, ta avois, 11 avolt ; nociB avions, yous aviez, Us avoient-J'avois ea 
Preterite or D^imUe Tente^ I had (jut tueh a time.) 
J'eoB, ta eus, 11 eut ; nous eiimes, voos eiltes, Us eurent— J'eus ea 

Future^ I shall or will have. 
J'aor^, auras, aura ; nous aurons, aurez, auront —J* aural ea 

Oonditionalj 1 would, could, should have. 
J'aonis, aarols, auroit; nous aunons, auriez, auroient— J'auroSs ea 

Pretenti that I have or may have. 
Qae J*aie, ta ales, 11 alt ; nous ayons, voos ayez, lis alent— J'aie ea 

Preterite, that I had or might have. 
Que J'eoBBC, eusses, eflt ; nous euaslons, eusslez, eussent— J^cosse ea 


AiOk have thou; qu*ll ait, let him have; qu'ellc ait, let her have; ayons, let ut have; ayes, haipa y«f 

quUb aient, let them have. 

The aujdliary Verb ETR|:, tobe^to exist. 


Etre, to he; 6tant, bein^; ayant 6t6, having been; 6t6, been. 

INDICATIVE. Compound Ttnaea. 

t am. Je suls, tu es, 11 est ; sommes, fttes, sont —-J'ai ^t6 

Jwat. J'^tois, itols, 6toit ; fttions, «tiez, ^tolent, -^Tavois^tA 

Iteat. Jefus, fu8,fat; fumes, futes, furent ~J*cu8 6t6 

J will be. Je serai, seras. sera ; rons, rez, rent — J'aurais^^t^ 
T would be.' Je serois, serois, seroit; serious, riez, roient — J'aurois 6t6 


That Tmay be. Clue Jesols, sois, soit; soyons, soyez, soient— J*aie 6tA 

That Imightbe. Que Je fusse, fusses, fut; salon, sslez, ssent— J'eusse 6t6 


Be thou. Sols, qu*ll soit; soyons, soyez, qu'ils soient. 

Examples of Verbs used interrogativelu and negatively. 

Ami? Sulfl-Jel es-tui est-il? mon fr^re est-il? aim^sl etes-vous alm^s? sont-lls aimte 1 mes 

•omme»'nous 1 ^tcs- vous 1 sont-ils 1 mea fr^res fr^res sont-ils aim^s 1 

sont-ilsl Have I loved? Ai-je alm^l as-tu aim^l a-t-ll 

Save I? Ai-Je 7 as-tu ? a-Ml 1 mon fr^re a-t-il? aimd ? mon fr^re a-t-il ahn6 1 avons-nous 
Avons-nousi avez-vousi ont-UsI mes frdres alm61 avez-vous aim^l ont 418 aimil mes 
ont-Us 1 fr^res ont-ils aim^ 1 

Am I loved? Sulfi-Je aim6 1 es-tu alm^ ? est-il lam noL Je ne suls pas, tu n*es pas, 11 n^est pas, 
alm61 mon fr^re est-11 alm61 sommes-nous 

moo fir6re n*e8t pas; nona ne aonmiet pas, 
Tons n'^tea pas, Us ne sont pas, mes fr^xcs ne 

(have not. Je n'ai pas, tu n'as pas, il n'a pas, 
mon fx^re n'a pas; nous n'avons pas, vous 
n'avez pas, ils n'ont pas, mes fr^res n'ont pas. 

I am not feared. Je ne suis pas cralnt, tu n'es 
pas craint, il n'est pas craint, mon frere n'est 

eraint; nou n'avoDS pas craint, vons n'aTes 
pas craint, ils n'ont pas craint, mes &irea n*ont 
Jim I not feared. Ne suis-je pas craint 1 u'es-tu 

r) craini ? n'est-il pas craint 1 mon f rdre n'est- 
pas craint 1 ne sommes-noos pas craints? 
n'ete»-voua pas craints 1 ne sont-ils pas craints ? 
mes freres ne sont-ils pas craints 1 

pas crajut ; nous ne sommcs pas craints, yous Have I not feared. N'ai-je pas craint 1 n'as-tu 

n'fites pas craints, ils ne sont pas craints, mes pas craint ? n*a-t-il pas craint 1 mon fr^re n'a- 

frires ne sont pas craints. t-il pas craint ? n'avons-nous pas craint 1 n'a> 

/ kaoe not feared. Je n'ai pas craint. tu n'as pas vez-vous pas craint 1 n'ont-ils pas craint 1 mes 

ciaint; il n*a pas craint, mon frere n'a pas freres n'ont-iJs pas CBaiut1—%/3nd«oo/ any veri. 

Verba ending in e mute in tbe first person singular of the indicative, change it into tf~^'aime, / 
love; aim6-je ? do / love 7 


A verb is regular when all its tenses derive from tbe Infinitive, or from the gerund ; therefore the 
conjugatioiis in enir and evoirj usually classed among the r^ular verbs, are inr^utar. 

We admit, in this introduction, three regular conjugations. 

1st. \ in er, ant, 6,— donner, donnant, donn6 

OA ]^i.«^Jk.v »•'««» 5 ^^1 issaut, i,— punir, punia8ant,-puni 
Sd. branektngtnto j j,» ^^^^ l^Lieiur, s^ntant, senti 


' re, anij u,— -vendre, vendant, vendu 
-M i^^m^M'^^i^f^J "*'«> uisant, uit,— conduire, conduisant, condui 
3d. hran^^^ngtnto-i j^^^^ jg^^^j^ int,Hoindre, joignant, joint 
( oitre, oissant, u,— paroitre, paroissant, paru 
Many verb?, with these terminations, are however irregular, as will be seen afterwards. 
All verbs, eitber regular or irregular, agree together in forming the last syllable of most of their 
lenses ; as will clesrly appear from the following Paradigm, which nearly reduces all the coDJuga« 
lions to one. 


TTo show' the Similarity of the French Verba ^ in Uu final Syllables. 

Present J er, ir, oir, re ; 
Oerund, ant, in ail verbs; 
Participle, e, i, u, t, s, 





Cond itiona L 

Preterite. 88 

IMPERATIVE. > e, ( qa'il 

Do thou. S s, (e;c 

parle, agir, devoir, rendre 
parlant, agissant, &^c 
parl6, agi, dii, fait, mis 












ez, ent, 




























oieiit ; 
6rent ; 
urent ; 
inrent ; 
roient ; 

ssiez, ssont; 
qu'il donne 
qu'il Use 

J'ahne, es, e 
Je sens, s, t 
Je vends, s, d 
Je veuz, X, t 
Je donnois, je sentois 
Je donnai, j'aimai 
J' agis, je fis 
Je re$us, je bus 
Je tins, je vins 
Je devrai„ j'almerai 
Je devrois, j'aimerois 
J'aime, je sente 
J'aimasse, je sentisse 

x^v H»vi». ] B| ( c , Vila, CA, cu^ xiiB, qu II IIHB 

Some persons of the verbs avoir^ l«re, oZter, faire, convaincrej and vatnere, deviate ftom this 
Paradigm, as may be seen in their conjugation. 


A regular verb keeps fta radical letters through all its conjugation. 

The radical letters of a verb are those which stand before the ending common to all the verbs 
of the same conjugation. Thus, in donner, o^'^y the syllables donn and ag are the radical letters. 
So that, when you want to conjugate a verb after a model given to you, observe which are the 
radical letters of both verbs, and add to the radical letters of your verb (according to the tense and 
person you want) the ending which is after the radical letters of the model proposed to you. JBx. 
Suppose I want the first person plural of itvMer for the preterite, and tliat downer be the .model 
proposed to me in the grammar. I begin with observing that the conjugation beins in er, the 
radical letters of the verte are itvdi and donn; I look at the conjugation of donner; and find donn- 
dmeg for the place required. I take dmes which stands after the radical letters, and I place it after 
itiidiy which gives me itudidmes^ the word required.— This, well understood, will ranch facUitat« 
the conjugation of the French verbs. 

. JRegular Qmjugationa in ER, ANT, E. 


Donner, to give; donnant, giving ; donn^, 6e ; ^, ^es, given. 

P. Igive^ Idogive^ lam 


. / did 

givey I too* 


Donn-G, * 

tu, 11 ; nous, 

es, e ; ons, 

ois, oit ; ions. 


P. I will or shall 

gavcy I have 

giving, I gave. 
ret. / gavCf 

r shall givi 
C. / tooiddt eouldj should .Donn-eroii, erois, eroit; 

Donn-ai, as, 
Donn-erai, eras, era; 



Gmpound Tenses. 

vous, lis 

ez, ent — J*ai donne 

iez, oient — J*avois domi6 ' 

fttes, ^rent — ^J'euadonn6 

crez, eront — J'aurai donn6 

eriez, eroient — J'aurois donn6 



That I may give^ due je, que tu, qu'il ; que nous, que vous, qu'ils 

that I give. Donn-e, 

Pret. That I might give^ Donn-as8( 
ih%t I gave. 


ions,' " iez, ' ent — J'aiedonnd 
aasions, assiez, assent — J'eusse donn6 

give thouy 

qu'il donne, 
let him give^ 

qu'ils donnent, 

donnons, donnez, 

_ , letus give^ give ye, let them give. 

The verbs in ger^ add an e mute to the ending, whenever the g meets before an a or o ; tliere< 
fore wri*e nous mangeonsy nous mangedmes ; and not nous mangonsy nous mangdmes. — The verba 
ending in cer, and cevoir^ change the c into f before the vowels, a, o, u. — Je re^ois, ndus commen 
crimes, il re^ut. 

II. Regular Conjugation in IR, ISSANT, I. 
N. B. As the English verbs have but three variations, we cease repeating the English word far* 
ther than the infinitive. The signs may easily be collected from the preceding conjugation. 
INF. Punir, to punish; punissant, punishing; puni, e ; is, ies, punished. 

IND.Pr.Je, '" *'- *'~ ^" 

Imp. Pun-issois, 
Pret. Pun-is, 
Fut. Pun-irai, 
Ckmdit. Pun-irois, 
SUBJ. Pr. aue je, 
Pret. Pun-isse, 
IMP. Punls, 









que tu. 


qu'il pun 




Compound T^enses 
— J'ai puni 







— J'avols puni 




— J'eus puni 




—J* aural pnni 




— ^J'aurois puni 

que nous, 

que voiis. 





— J'aie puni 




— J'eusse puni 

qu'ils punissent« 

So are ca^jogated upwards of ftOOreibi In etr, dfr, gir^ ntiV, ftA-, for, &c.— Durcir, applandir, 
\ tiagir, affennir, fournir, aTertir. 

I m. Regular Conjngativn, t* IK, ANT, L 

INF. Sentir, to stneU: sentant, smelling ; senti, ie ; Is, ies, ameU. 
IJND.Pr.Je, • 


Imp. ScnjL-ote, 

Pret. Sent-is, 

FuL Sent-iral, 

CkmdU. Sem-lrois, 

SUB J. Pr. aue je, 


Pret. Sent-iBse, 

IBfP Sens, 

N. B. Tbe verbs of this conjugation^ ending in ttr, drop their t in tbe first and second i 

smgular of tlie indicative present; and the other verbs drop the letter they have before tr, in tha 

three persons sing, of the same tense— Parttr; Je pars, tu pars, il parti-^JDormtr; je dors, ttt 4on^ 

i] dort. — Servir; je sera, tu sers, il sert 

tu, il; 




Compound 71nu«t 

sens, sent; 




ois, oit; 



-J'avois senti 

fe, it; 




— J^ens senti 

iraa, ira; 




--J'aurai senti 

irois, iroit; 





que tu, qu»il ; 

que nous. 

que vous. 


es, e; 




— J'aie send 

isses, It; 








quMrs sentent. i 

i^ rendonnir, 
*' Repartir, 
iie repentir, 
'* Reasortir, 
Se servir, 

So are conjugated the foUowing Verbs. 

se rendormant, 
se repentant, 
se servant, 
r^partissant, to distribute; ^ 

_ ai consenti 

j'ai dementi 

J'ai desservi 

j'ai dormi 

j^ai endormi 

je me suis endormi 

j'ai menti 

je suis, et j'ai parti 

j'ai presseuti 

j'ai redormi 

je me suis rendormi 

je suis & j'ai reparti 

je me suis repenti 

J'ai ressenti 

je suis ressorti 

J'ai senti 

"ai servi 
me suis servi 
suis & j'ai sorU 

to consent 
--give the He 
—clear the tables kmt 
— lull asleep 
—fall asleqt 

— set out 
— sleep again 
—fall asleep again 
-set out again; rtfljf 

—go out again 
—smelly feel - 
—make use of 
•^go out 

ressortir, ressortissant, to belong to, are conjugated like 


iV. Je, 

Imp. Vend-ois, 
Pret Vend-is, 
F«t. Vend-rai, 
Gmd. Vend-rois, 
SUBJ. Pr. aue Je, 
PreL Vend-isse, 
IMP. Vends, 

IV Regular Ckmjugation in RE, ANT, U. 
Vendre, to seU; vendant, selling; vendu, ne ; us, ues, sold. 







que tu, 

es, e; 

isses, St; 

qu'il vende ; 














que nous, 










que vous, 














qu'ils vendent. 

'omnouMd Tensn 
—J'ai vendu 
— J'avois vendtt 
— J'eus vendu 
J'aurai vendu 
J'auxois vendu 

— J'aie vendu- 
-J'eusse vendu 


N. B. The verb! with an aateritk have a slight irregulaiity in their orthography. Satire and it* 
derivativeB lose one t in the tturee praaons of the indicative pr. sing, and 2d sing. imperaL— Jis beUa 
tu batSf U bat; bats.—Rompre and its derivatives add t to p, for the third person sing, indicat. pr. 

— iZ rotigftf eorrompti intorron^U 
Abattre,* abattant, 






















—play abvMl 
— gpread 








, i'ai abattu 

. 'ai attendu 

, 'ai battu 

, *ai combatttt 

, 'ai condeecendu — e^mvi 

I'ai confondu canfo 

, 'ai corrompa 
, *ai d6battu 
, rai descenda 
. e me suis 6batta 
, 'ai etenda 
, 'ai entendu 

'ai fendu 
\ 'ai fondu 
, 'ai interrompu 
, *ai mordu 
\ 'ai morfondu 

rai pendu 
, 'ai perda 

a poule a pondu 
, i'ai pr^tenda 
; 'ai rabatta 

'ai rebatta 

I'ai refinnda 
\ *9& rendu 

*ai f^panda 

'ai r^pondu 

'ai rompu 
, 'ai tenda 
^ 'ai tondu 
J'ai vendu 

V. JUgMlar Conjugation in UIBE, UISAi>9T, UIT. 


Ckmd-aire, to conduct; condtiisant; conduit, uite; uits, uites: 





























^—expect or vish for 


— cleave 

"tittef rupt 





-lay egge 



— beat again 

— nielt again 

— render^ restore 

— epillf spread 

— answer 

— break 

— shear 

Pr. Jc, 

/m. Cond-uisois, 
.Pret, Cond-uishL 
FSu. Cond-uirai, 
Cond. Cond-uirois, 

Pr. aue je, 

Pret Oond-uisiase, 

tu, II; 

uis, uit; 

uisois, uisoit ; 

uisis, uisit; 

uiras, uira; 

uirois, uiroit; 

que tu, qu'U ; 

uises, uise; 

uisisses, uisit; 

nous, vous, 



uisimes, uisites, 
uJrons, uirez, 
uiriona, uiriez, 

que nous, que vous, 
uieions, uisiez, 
. uisisaions, uisissiez, 








Cbn^ound Tinges 

—J'ai conduit 
—J'avois conduit 
— J'eus conduit 
— J'aurai conduit 
""J'aurois conduit 


uisent — J'aie conda 

uississent — iJ'eusse conduit 

Gonduis, qu^il conduise ; conduisons, uiscz, qu'ils condulsent 














IND. Pr. Je, 


jai c 

80 ar$ tniugtUi ik» foOawing Verbs. 



I d^duit 
j*ai d^tniit 
i*ai enduit 
' iinduit 


i introdait 
j'ai lui, (no t) 
j'ai nui, (no Q 
J*ai produit 
j*ai reconduit 
j'ai recuit 
yai rtduit 
j'ai reluh (no t) 
j'ai s<^duit 
j'ai traduit 

VI. Regular Conjugation in INDRE, IGNANT, INT. 
INF. Joindre, joignant ; joint, e ; s, es, to join. 

to eontiruet 
— ezeite 
— inatruet 
^bring in 
— ohine 

— hake again 

— translaU 








indroit ; 

qu'il ; 


IMPEB. Joins, qu'ii joigne ; joignons, jcHgnez, qu'ite joignent 
So are conjugated the following Verba, 

In^. Jo-ignds, 
Pret. Jo-ignis, 
Fat. Jo-indrai, 
QmiL Jo-indrois, 
Pret. Jo-ignisse, 







que tu, 








que nous, 









que vous, 



Compound TVhjm 
—J'ai join! 


ignent —J'ai joint 

ignoient — J'avoisjdnt 

ignirent — J'eus joint 

indront — J'aurai joint 

indroient — J*aim>isjoint 


ignent — J'aiejoint 

ignissent —J'euaae joint 

j'ai astricnt 


j'ai aveint (ebeolete) —readk 

j'ai ceint "trird 

j'ai contraint 

j'ai craint 

j'ai enceint 

j'ai enfreint 

j'ai enjoint 

j'ai «teint 

j'ai feint 

j'ai o\nt {obsolete) 

Astreindxe, astrdgnant, j'ai astricnt to oblige^ forts 

Atteindre, atteignant, j'aiatteint ^-reaeh 

Aveindie, aveignant, 

Ceindre, ceignant, 

Contraindre, contraignant, 

Craindre, craignant, 

Enceindre, enceignant, 

Enfretndra. enfVeignant. 

Enjoindrek . enjoiptant, 

Eteindre, ^teignant, 

Feindre, . feignant, 

Oindre, olgnant, 

Peindre, pdgnant, 

Plaindre, plalgnant, 

Poindre, to iImpk, to hmrt; U poindra, he wiU huri (olisolete) 

Restreindre, restreignant, j'ai restreint 

Teindre, teignant, j'aiteint 

Vn. Regular Qmjugatum in OITRE, OISSANT, U. 

INF. Paroltre, paroissant; para, ue; us, ues; to appear. 

WD. JV, Je, tu, il; nous, vous, ils Compound Tsnsso. 

oissGZ, oisBcnt —J'ai para 

oissiez, oissoient -J'avoisparu 

j'ai peint* 
j'ai • • 





—put out 

— dissemble 




— limit 

— djfSf colour 

Par-olB, ois, 
Ik^, Far-oinoiSi oimda, 



Prtt. Par-US, 
Flit. Par-oitra!, 
Cond. Par-oftrois, 
BUB.Pr. aueje, 
Pret.' Par-U8Be, 

que tu, 





qu'il ; 







quo nous, 



fltes, urent, — J'cub para 

oitrez, citron — J'aumi pani 

oitriez, oitroient — J'auiois parn 

que vous, qu'ila 

oiseiez, oiaeent, — J'aicpeni 

usaiez, ussent — J'eusse patu 

IMPER. Parois, qu'il paroisse ; paroiasuius, paroisaez, qtt*il8 paroiasest. 






D6croitre, - 





So are cvitQUgaUd the following Verba. 



comparoissant) . 




disparoiasant, * 




J'ai r 

1 accru 
i apparu 
i comparu 
Vai connu 
J'ai cru 
J'ai d^cru 
fai m^connu 
i reconnu 

— appear 
—appear (in law; 
— Aiww 
— decrease 
— remember 
-^grow again 

* In eroUre and ita derivatives, the letters o% sound oe; and in the otlier. verbs In otZr«, the i 
letters oi bave the simple sound of the vowel S. Many people change ox into at, in the latter c 

Let the Learner observe carefully that the compound tenses of the reflected verbs are formed ta 
French, by the verb Hre (to be) and not as they are in English by the verb avoir 'to have.) 
[NF. Se lever, se levant, s'^tant lov6, 6e ; 6s, 6es, 

to rise, risings having risen. 

Compound Tenses. 
[ND. Pr. \ Je me Idve, tu te Idves, il se ISve ; nous nous Ic- ) Je me suis Iev6, 

[rise; lam rising. \ vons, vous vous levez, ils se levent. \ I have risen. 

IMP. / did rise; I S Je me levois,tu te levois, il se levoit; nous nous i Je m'^tois lev6, 

toas rising. \ levions, vous vous levicz, ils se levoient. \ I had risen. 

Pret. I rosCf I did ( Je me levai, tu te levaa, il se leva ; noua nous le- ) Je me ftis lev*, 

rise. } vftmes, vous vous lev&tes, ils se lev^rent. ) / had risen. 

Put. /shall or will \ Je me leverai, tu te leveras, il se levera; nous i Je me serai lev**, 
rise. * \ nous leverons, vousvoUsleverez, ilsse leveront. ) I will have rismi. 

GnuUt. I would or ) Je me leverois, tu te leverdis, il se leveroit ; nous \ Je me Serois lev6, 
should rise. ( nous leverions, vous vous le veriez, ils se leveroient. ) / would have riasM 

SUBJ. Pr. That I \ Que je me l^ve, que tu te leves, qu'il se leve; nous i Je me sois Iev6, 

rise, or may rise. } nous levions, vous vous leviez, ils se levent ) / may have risen. 

Pret. That I might ( due je me levaase,tute levasses, ilsse lev&t; nous | Je me fusee, levt, 
rise; that I rose. ( nous levaasions,vou8 vous levassiezjils se levassent. S / had risen.' 
IMPER. LSve-toi, qu'il se leve ; levons-nous, Icvez-vous, qu'ils se Invent. 

IMPERSONAL VERBS, O y a; il faut 

[I y a, there is, there are; 

II y a eu, there has been, or have been; 

II y avoit, il y avoit eiu ; il y eut, il y eut eu ; 

II y aura, il y aura eu ; il y auroit; il y auroit 

eu ; qu'il y ait, qu'il y ait eu ; qu'il y eut ; qu'il 

y e&t eu. 

Y a-t-il ; is there, are there? y a-t-il eul has 
there been, have there been? U n'y a pas, there is 

not, there are not; il n'y a pas eu, there has not 
.been, there have not been. — ^N'v a-t-il pas? is not 
there, are not there? n'y a-t-il pas eu ? has not 
there been, have not there been ? 

II faut, one must, it must, it is necessary; U a 
fallu; il falloit, il avoit fallu; U fallut, il eut 
fallu; il faudra, il aura fallu; il faudroit, il 
auroit fkllu, qu'il faille, qu'il ait fallu; qu*!! 
fallut, qu'il eut fallu— / must go to Paris, il faut 
que j'aille d Paris ; you must go to Paris^il faut 

fae warn atites A Paris— Tbifl verb k not imper 
•ooal ia Bngiish, and it alwajrs requires the sub- 
jttfidive in French, after the conjunction que. 
My tt unhomme J there i0 a man; 
II y a des liommes, tkere are men— 
And so on throughout this verb, in which the 
nngular in French answeia to tlie aogolar and 
piuraJ in English. 


Among tlie irregular verba some have many 

denvatives; that is, otbet verbs which tiave the 

same irrq^larities. Several stand irregular of 








themaeives, oronly with one or two derivatives 
—The former we shall class according to the ter 
mination of their infinitive, gerund, and partici- 
ple ; and of the latter we shall give an alphabet 
tical list 

N. B. Where only the first person of a tense 
is given, the other persons may easily be known 
by the paradigm^ p. zxii. TbuBfiratjjebua, &c. 
look for the future and preterite in the paradigm, 
and you will easily adxf ; tu irae^ il ira; tu but, 
il buty Su^ 

The leading irregular verbs Bie—fairCf icrire^ 

dircj teiu'r, devoir,meltrey eourir^prekdreycouvrir. 

I. Class of irregular. Verbs from, FAIRE, FAKAUTT, FAIT. 

FAIRE, faisant, fait, j*ai fait^ to do^ make, 

e (kis, fais, fait ; faisons, faites, font. Je reisois ; fis ; f^ai ; ferois; 

fa&se ; fisse. Fais qu'il fasae ; faisons, faites, quMIs fassent. 

eontrefaisanti j*ai contrefait to counterfeit 

d^faisant, j'ai d6fait —undo 

only and forfait —forfeit 

parfaisant, j'aiparfait . —complete 

red^faisant, j^ai red^fait — undo again 

satisfaisant, i*ai satisfait — satisfy 

surfaisant, }'ai surf ait —ask too muck 

IL Class of irregular Verbs in CRIRE, CRFV ANT, CRTT. 
ECRIRE, ^crivant, «crit, j*ai 6crit: to write, 
J'^cris, ta ^cris, 6crit ; ^crivons, 6crivez, dcrivent ; j'^crivois ; dcrivis ; 6crirai ; ecriroisi 
Qjie j*6crive ; ^crivisse ; 6cri8 ; qu'il derive ; 6crivons, ^crivez, qu'ils ^crivent. 
Circonscrlre, circonscrivant, j'ai circonscrit to circumscribe 

Dterire, d^crivant, j'ai d^crit —describe 

Inacrire, insciivant, j'ai inscrit —inscribe 

Preacrire, prescrivant, j'ai present —prescribe 

Proncrire, proscrivant^ j'ai prowrit — proscribe 

R^crire, r6crivant, j'ai r6crit — write again 

Soincrire, souscrivant, Vai souscrit —subscribe 

Tranacrire. transcrivant, j'ai transcrit —transcribe 

in. aas.t of irregular Verbs in IRE, ISANT, IT. 
DIRE, disant, dit ; j'ai dit ; to «a«, UU. 
Je dis, dis, dit; disons, dites, disent Je disois ; dis ; (vrai ; dirois. Que je dise ; 
disse. Dis, qu'il dise ; disons, dites, qu'ils disent 
Confire,* confisant, j'ni conflt, to preserve fruit 

Contredire,* contredisant, j'ai contredit —contradict 

Sed6dire,* sed^disant, je me suis d6dit — unsay 

Interdire,* interdisant, j'ai interdit, —forbid 

M6dire,* m^disant, j'ai m6dit, — slander 

Prfedire, pr^disant, j'ai pr^dit, — foretell 

Redire, redipant, j'ai r^dit — say again 

* Theflix verbs with an asterisk^ make dxsez in the second person plural of the indicative pre- 
sent, and the same peninn imperative ; vovs confisez, vons contredisez. 

TV. Cli-is of irregular Verbs in ENIR, EN ANT, EN IT. 

Tenir, tenant, tenu, j'ai tenu ; to hold. , r* . 

Je tiens, tiens, tienl; tenons, tenez, tieonem. Je tenois; tins; tiendrai ; tiendrois. Uueje 

t-ienne, ieimei, ienne ; t-onions, eniez, 

lennent ; thme. TIeni, qa*U tlenne; tenooi, tflnes, qii*lto 














Be reraouveair, 






















86 resBouveuant, 






* Omomtr, in tbe sense of to guit^ takes 
cdnveuu, & je suis convenu du prU ; that 
Frmch Acad. 

Je me suis abetenu 
J'ai appartenu 
il est avenu 
j[*ai Gontenu 
"ai contrevenu 
suis conrenu 
_ aid6tena 
je suis devenu 
Je suis djaconvenii 
J'ai entretenu 
je suis intervena 
j*ai jnaintenu 
Val obtenu 
je suis parvenu 
j'ai pr^vena 
je suis provenu 
jc me suis resaouvenu 
j'ai retenu 
je suis revenu 
V ai soutena 
j^ai Bubvenu 
je suis venu 

— belong 
— kappaa 

— agree 

— *«ep vp 

— anticipate 
— comefirom 
— retain 
—support -' 
—come by chanee 
— come 

avoir in its compound tenses. Ex. Cetto maison m*a 
house suited me, and I have agreed about the price. 

V. Close of irregular Verbs in evoir, evant, u. 
Devoir, devant, dfi, j'ai du ; to otoe, to be obliged. 

Je dois. dois, doit ; devona, devez, doivent Je devois ; dus ; devrai ; deviois ; One Je d-oiTe,olvei^ 
Give; d-evions, eviez, oivent; dusse. Dois, qu*il doive; devons, devez, quMls doivent. 













J'ai conf a 
j'ai d^^u 
J'ai recu 
J'ai redu 

to discover 
— deceive 
— obtain 
— receive 
— Otoe still 

VI. Class of irregular Verbs from METTRE, METTANT, MIS. 
Je mets, tu mets, il met ; meltons, mettez, mettent. Je mettois, mis ; mettrai ; mettrols. Que 
mette ; misse. Mets, qu'il mctte; mettons, mettez, qu'fls mettent. 





Be d^mettre 












se ddroettant, 










to admit 

j'ai compromis 


je me suis d^mis 

je me suis entremfs 


|*ai permis 

j'ai promis 

J'ai remis 

J*ai Boumis 

j'ai transmia 

— remove 


— mediate 

— omit . 



— replace^ ddhom- 

— submit 

VIL Claat tf irreguUr Verbs from COUBIR, COUBAMT, COURU. 
COURIR, courant, count, J*ai couru ; to run, 
Je oomB, eoora, court; coorons, courez, courent. Je courois; courus; couirai; coorrois. 
coare ; eoarasBe. Couis, qu'il coare ; courons, coiirez. qu'ils coorenL 
AccoQxir, accourant, je suis accouru to run to 

Ckmconrir, conconrant, j'ai concouru 

Diacoarir^ diBcourant, j'aidiscouni 

" ■ J'ai encouni 

'*ai parcoura 
■ recouru 



— discourse 
encourant, J'ai encouni —incur 

parcourant) J^al parcouni — run over 

recoorant, j'ai recoum — recur to 

secouranti Jai secouni —help 

Vm. aass of irreguLar Verbs from PRENDHE, FRENANT, PRIS. 
PRENDRE, prenant, pris, j*ai pris ; to take. 
Je prends, ptends, prend ; prenons, prenez, prennent Je prenois ; pris ; prendral prendrois. Que 
je preim-e, es, e; pren-ions, iez, prennent; prisse. Prends, qu*il prenne; prenons, prenes, qa*ils 




Se m^prendre, 







se m^iffenaat, 



j*ai compris 
j'ai d^sappris 
j'ai entrepris 
je me suis m^prls 
j'ai repris 
j'ai Burpris 

to learn 
— understond 
— unUam 
— mistake 
—take baek^ 
— surprise 

IX. aass of irregular Verbs m IR, ANT, EBT. 
COUVRIR, couvrant, couvert, j'ai convert; to cover. 
Je eouvre, couyres. couvre couvrons, couvrez, couvrent. Je couvrois, couvris, couvriral, oomrrK 
roia. aue je convre, couvxisse. Gouvre, qu'il couvre ; couvrons, couvrez, qu'ila couvrent 
D^couviir, d^convrant, S'ai d6couvert to discover 

Entr*oovTir, entr*ouvrant, j'ai entr'ouvert —open a little 

H^sc^rir, m^sofirant, j'aim6soffert —underbid 

OflWr, offrant, j'aioffert —offer 

Ouvrir, ouvrant, j'aiouvert — open 

Recouvrir, recouvrant j'ai recouveit — cover up 

R'ouvrir, r'ouvrant, j'ai r'ouvert —open again 

Souffiir, flouf&ant, j'aisoufiert —suffer 

Of tke irregular Verbs which cannot be classed. 

N. B. The asterisk (*) announces a verb defective in the tenses which are not mentioned. The 
obelisk and asterisk together (t*) point at a verb at once defective and obsolete. 

We have omitted the imperative mood, the third persons of which are supplied by the pr. of the 
nibjunctivc ; and the others by the pr. of the indicative. Ex. acquires, qu'il acquidre ; acqu^roos, 
acqu^rez, qu'ils acqui^rent. 

* Abeoudre. to absolve; abeolvant; absous, ab- AceueUlir, to welcome; accueillant, accueilli; 
soute; j'ai aosous. J' absous, absons, absout, j'ai accueilli. J'accueille ; accueillois; accueillis; 
Doos absoIVons, absolvez, absolvent. J'abeolvois, accueillerai ; accueillerois. Que j'accueille ; ac- 

absondraf , absoudrois. due j'absolve.— /»n«c«ii- 
ler supines it. 

* Accroire is only used in pie infinitive with the 

* Abstraire, to abstract; abstrait, j'ai abstrait. help 0/ faire ; as, faire accroire, en faire accroire, 

J'abstra'e, ais, ait, nous abstrayons, ayez, aient. 
J'abstrairai— rois ; tb." defective tenses are sup- 
plied by faire alMtractlon. 

to deceive; s'en ftiire accroire, to be self-conceited 
Acqu^rir, to acquire; acqn6rant, acquis, j'ai 
acquis. J'acquiers, iers, lert, nous acquerons, 

acqu^raz, acqiii^rent J^acquf^ioi^ ; acquis; ao- 
querrai ; acquerrois. Que j*acquiere, ieres, iSro ; 
acqu^nons, ^liezi ierent, gM^qiiisse. 

AUer, U> go; allant, all6 ; dtre all6, avoir ^ti. 
Je vais, tu vas, il va; nous allons, allez, vont. 
J'allois; aliai or fus; irai; irois. Que J*aiUe, 
allies, aille ; alliens, alliez, allient ; allasse. 

t* Apparoir, to be evident^ (in law.) II appcrt, 
it 19 evident., 

Assaillir, to assault; assaillant, ajwaini; j'ai 
assailU. J'assaUl-e, es, e; nous assaillons, ez, 
ent. J'aasaillois ; assaillis; assaillirai-, assailti- 
rois. Q,ue J* aasaille , assaillisse ; 

S'asseoir, to sit doton; s'ass^yant, je me suis 
aasis. Je m'asBieds, tu t'aesieds, il s'aasied ; nous 
nous ass^yrais, 6yez, 6yent. Je m'ass^yois, Je 
m'assis, je m*assi6rai, je m*assi6rois. Que je 
m*ass6ye; jc m'assidse — Grammarians do not^ 
agree about tiie oriliograpliy of this verb; we 
follow here the French Acad, 

Boire, to drink; buvant, bu, j'ai bu. Je'bdis, 
bois, boit ; nous bnv-ons, ez, boivent Jc buvois ; 
bus ; boirai ; boirois. Que jc boiv-e, es, e ; bu- 
vions, iez, boivent ; bui^e. 

Bouillir, to boil; bouillant, bouiUi; j'ai bouilli. 
Je bous, bous, bout ; nous bouillons, ez, ent ; je 
bouillois; bouillis; bouillirai; bouillirois. Que 
je bouille ; Imuiilisse. 

* Braire, to bray; il brait, ils braient ; il braira, 
ils brairont; il brairoit, ils brairoienu— CWer 
comme un dne^ supplies it. 

t* Bruire, to roar^ bluster; il bruyoit; les flots 

bruyoient; the waves roared— grander supplies it. 

t* Choir, to /aZ2; chu,/<iUen—7om6er'Supplies 

Circoncire, to circumcise; circoncisant, circon- 
cis ; j'ai circoncis. Je circonc is, is ; it isons, isez, 
isent. Je-circoncisois ; circonc is ; irai ; irois. Que 
JC circoncise ; isse. 

* Clorre, to close; closant, clos, j'ai clos ; je clos, 
tu clos, il cldt. Je clorrai, je clorrois. Que je 
close — Fermer and bov^her supply it. 

Complaire, to humour^ to comply; j'ai comjdu 
—like plairc. 

Conclure, to conclude; concluant, conclu ; j'ai 
conclu. Je coucl-us, us, ut; nous concl-uons, 
uez, uent ; je concl-uois ; us ; urai ; urois. Que je 
concl-ue ; usse. 

Conqu6rir, to conquer; conqu^rant, conquis, 
J'ai conquis. Je conqu-iers, iers, iert; ^rons, 
erez, i^rent. Je conqu6rois; conquis; conquer- 
rai ; conquerrois. Que je conqu-i6re, i^res ; iere ; 
conqu-^rions, ^riez, ierent; conquisse. 

Convaincre, to convince; j'ai convaiacu->{tAe 

Coudre, to sew; cousant, couisu; j'ai cousu. 
Je couds, couds, coud, nous cousons, ez, ent; je 
eous-ois ; is ; je coud-rai ; rois. Que je cous-c ; 
isse— ^'0 cousus^ je coususse^ are bad Frencb. 

Croire, to beheve ; croyant, cru ; j'ai cm. Jo 
crois, crois, croit ; nous croyona, croyez, croient. 
Je croyois ; orus ; croi-rai ; rois. Que je croi«, 
croies, croie; croyions; iez, croient; jecmsee. 

Cueillir, to gather; cueillant, cuejili ; j'ai cu- 
eilli. Je cueill-e, es, e ; nous cueill-ons, ez, ent. 
Je cueiU-ois ; is ; erai ; erois. Que je cu»llo ; 

* D^.cholr, to decay; d6cbu ; je suis ddcbu. Jc 
d6ch-ois, ois, oit ; nous d^choyons, oyez, d^choi- 
ent. Je d6chus ; d^cherrai ; d6cherrois. Que jc 
d^ch-oie, oies,oie; oyions, oyiez,oient; (Kchussc. 
—Baisser, decliner^ supply it. 

^ ♦ Declorre, to unclose^ to open; j'ai d^clos — 
conjugated like clorre, and wanting the same 
tenses — Ouvrir supplies it. 
D^CQudre, to linsew; j'ai d^couse—Iiie coudre. 

* D^faillir, to decay; nous def-aillona, aill^z, 
aillent. J'ai d^failii ; jed^faillois; jed^failUs— 
Dicliner^ tomber, supply it. 

t* Demouvoir, (a law term) to make one desist 
of his pretensions — The innnitive is the only 
word in use— Dibouter^ might supply the rest. 

D6p4aire, to displease; j'ai deplu~2iA;e plaire. 

* Distraire, to take from,, to disturb; j'ai ♦dw- 
\X9M—like abstraire. Enlever and disaiper may 
supply it. 

* Dissoudre, to dissolve; j'ai dtssous— {tiN ab- 
Bovn^e—Fondrey and annuUer may supply it. 

Elire, to elect; j'ai ^lu—like lire. 

Emoudre, to whet; j'ai ^moulvt— like moudre. 

Emouvoir, to stir up^ to move; j'ai 6mu — Uko 

Eclorre, to be hatched; mes vers k sole fiont 
^clos, my sUk-worms are hatched— Wee clorre — 
S'ouvrir, and paroitre, supply it. 

* Enclorre, to enclose, to surround; j'ai enclos 
— like clorre— Entourer and renfermer supply it. 

Enqu^rir, B'enqu6rir, to inquire after; je mo 
suis enquia— ZiA;« acqu6rir. 

S'cnsuivre, (impersonal) to follow, ensue; s'en- 
suivant, il s'est ensuivi ; il s'ensuit ; s'ensuivoit ; 
s'ensuivit ; s'ensuivra ; s'ensuivroit. Qu'il e'en- 
suive; s'ensuivit. 

Entrevoir, to have a glimpse at, to guess; yta 
entrevu— like voir. 

Envoyer, to send; envoyant, envoyfi, j'ai en- 
voy*. J'envoi-e, es, e ; nous envoy-ons, ez, en- 
voient. J'envoyois; envoyai; enverrai; enver- 
rois. Que j'envoi-e, es, e ; envoyions, iez, en- 
voient; envoyasse. 

Exdare, to ezelude; exdoaxit, ezeliu, m. exclue 

pU exeloae, /. J'ai exclu ; je mis excliu, Je suia 

' tsctae, eUe a ^U excli^e. J'ezclus, us, ut ; uonSf 

B6Z, uent. — ^J*exclu-oi8 ; us; urai; uroia Que 

jexd-ucr; oaae. 

*Eztraire, to extraet; fal eiOnit—Uke ab- 
Rraire— /osre »» extraU, dfymUUer may supply 

t* FaiUir, to fail, be lessy fy^Oxatf J'ai failU. 

vent Je mouvois ; mas ; mouv-rai ; rols. Quo Ja 
meuv-e, es, e; mouv-ions, iez, meurent; Je masse. 
Nattre, to be bom ; naissant, n6, Je suia oA. 
Je nais, nais, nait ; nous natas-ons, ea, ent. Je 
naiasois ; naquis ; nait-rai ; rois. Uue Je naloe ; 

*t Ouir, to hear; j*ai oul, I hone heard; J^ouJis, 
I heard. Q.ue j'ouisse, that I might iUor— J'ois ; 

, , . , ., J'oyols ; oyez, &c. ar« ^C« o&5o<0te— Eulendre 

Je faux, faux, faut, faill-ons, ez, ent. Je faillis; supplies ouir. 
I faadrai— /oiUtri je faiUu^ and tbe compound * Paitre, to grate^ to feed; paissant ; I'oiseau 

a i>ft, the bird has fed. Je p-'ais, ais, ait ; nous 
p-aisaons, aiasez, aiaaent Je paiasois. paitrai, 
paitrois. due je paiase— AfaivM* &nu 

i je paiase— Afoa^ar i 
luppiy the deficient tenses. 

Piaire, to jdease; piaiaant, plu, j*ai plu. Je 
pl-ais, aia, ait; noaa plais-ons, ez, aisent. Je 
plaiaoia, plus, plairai, platrois. due Je plaiae : 

PleiiToir, to rain; il a plu, il pleut, pleuvoit, 

t>:rises fai faiUij &c are stiU in use— .Voa^iMr, 
u tremper, tomber^ supply it. 

t* F6rir, to strike^ is only used in tbis phrase ; 
lans coap f<6rir, without striking a blow — ^firapper 
iuppUes the rest. 

* Frire, to fry; frit, frite, J'ai frit. Je fris, tu 
Irjf, U frit ; je frirai ; frirois— JPHca«««r supplies 

Fair,to/y;fuyant,fai,J'alfui. Jcfli-iB,i8,it; . . . ,. 

sous fay-ons, ez, fai-ent Je fuyoia, fuis ; fuirai ; plut, pleuvra, pleuvroit. Qu^il pleuTe, qu'il plCit, 
fuirois. Que je fuie ; fuisse— Je pris la fUite, Je — The third person plural is used figurat. Xjbb 
pnaae la fkiite, are more in use for the preterite honneure pleuvent chez lui, honours pour upon 
foMef— S'enfuir. s'enfuyant, Je me suis enfui, is him. 
emjugated like tvdr, Pourauivre, to pursue; J'ai pouisuivi— bis 

t* G^sir, to lie; nous gisons, ils gisent; il gi- sulvre. 
' ftnt ; ci-git, here lies ; tout git en cela, the whole Pourvoir, to provide; pourroyant, pourvu, J'ai 
point lies -in <Aat— £tre couch^, 6tre situd, may pourvu. Je pourv-oia, ois, oit ; oyons, oyez, oient 
vLpftg it. Je pourvoyoia, pourvua ; pourvoirai ; pourvoirois. 

Uair, to hate; lutiaaam, bal, J'ai bal. Je luUs, Que Je pourv-oie, oies, oie ; pourv-oyions, oyiez, 
ta haia, il bait ; nous ba'iaaona, ez, ent. Je haZs- oient ; pourvuase. 
m\a ; ia ; irai ; iroia. ~ due Je halaee ; haJiase— The Pouvoir, to be able; pouvant, pu, J'ai pu. Je 

want of the trema is the only iir^ularity of this 

r* Tasir, to eome from; issu, (in genealogy) do- 
' tcmded; and issant, (in heraldry) rising ovtf are 
tiic only words in uae—'deseendre supphes it. 

Lire, to read, lisant, lu, J'ai lu. Je lis, lis, lit ; 
noua lis-oos, ez, ent Je lisois ; ius : lira! ; lirais. 
Que Je Use ; loaae. 

Maudire, to eurse; maudiaaant, maudit, j'ai 

pais or peux, peux, peut; nous pouvons, ez, peu- 
vent Je pouvois; pus; pourrai; pourrois. "" ' 


Jepuiaae; puaae. 

rr^valoir, to prevail; pr^valant, pr^valu, J'ai 
pr^valu. Je pr6v-aux, aux, aut ; nous pr^val- 
ons, ez, ent Je pr6 val-oia ; ua; pr6vaad-rai ; roia. 
due je pr6va le; prdvalusae. 
Pr6voir, to foresee; pi^voyant, pr6vu ; J'ai pr6- 
inauuinT, Mr cwT-00, luttuuiBsauh, iiiauuii, j ai vu. Je pr^v-ois. ols, oit ; oyona, oycz, oient. Je 
maudit. Je maud-ia, ia, it ; iaaona, iaaez, iaaent. pr^voyois ; previa, pr6voirai ; prtvoirois. due 
Je maud-iaaots; is ; irai; irois. due Je maud- je pr6v-oie, oies, oie, oyions, oyiez, oient; pr6- 
'US'*.; maudiaae. -* — 

Moudre, to grind; moulant, moulu, J'ai moulu. 
Je mouHls, £, d ; nous moul-ons, ez, en^. Je 
mouNiis ; us ; je moud-rai ; rois. due Je moul-e. 

Houhr, to die; mourant, mort, Je suis mort. 

Je meuis, meurs, meort; nous mour-ons, ez, 

^meurent. Je mour-oia; us; mour-rai; rois. 

due Je meoive, es, e ; mour-ions, iez, meurent; 

I Mouvoir, to move; mouvant, mCi, J'ai rod. Je 
' neaa, mens, meut; nous mouvons, ez, meu- 

♦ Promouvoir, to promote; promu, J'ai promu 
— Avaneer supplies the real. 

* duerir, to bring, to feUh— Only used in the 
infinitive, with the verba oiler, v«ntr, and envo- 
fer; as allez ^amr, go and fetch. 

Se Raaaeoir, to sit again, settle; Je me suis 
raasia— 2tft« s'asseoir. 

Rebouiilir, to boil again; J'ai reboaim—lt&a 

Recoudre, to sew again; j'ai reoousu— KAs 


Recaeillir, to gather ^ to collect; j'oi recueilli— 
like cueiUir. 

Relire, to read again; j'ai xe\\k—like lire. 

Eemoudre, to grind again; j'ai remoulu— Itiks 

Ren^itre, to he horn again^ to he revived — like 
naitie, but the participle rene is rather obsolete. 

* Rentraire, to finedraio; j'ai rentrail— like 
traire^ and wants the same tenses— i2e;0»n4r« 
may supply it. 

Repaitre, to feed; repaissant, rep& ; j*ai repQi. 
Je rep-ais, ais, ait ; aissons, aissez, aiasent Je 
repaisBois ; repus ; repaitrai ; repaitrois. Uue je 
repaisse ; repusse. 

Kequ6rir, to require; j'ai reqois— Itifctf acqu6- 

R^soudre, to resolve; r^solvant, rfesolu, j'ai 
resolu. Je resous, ous, out ; nous r^solvons, ol- 
vcz, olvenU Je r^solvois; r^solus; r^soudrai; 
rtisoudrois. Q,ue je resolve ; r^solusse. — Risou- 
dre, in the sense of changing a thing into another, 
has resous for its participle, and has no feminine; 
as un brouillard resous en pluie, a fog resolved 
into rain. 

Revaloir, to he even with one; je lui ai reralu 
— like valour. 

Revfitir, to invest toith; revfilant, rev6tu, j'ai 
rev^tu. Je rev-6ts, 6ts, 6t ; rev-^tons, 6tez, 6tent. 
Je rev-etols ; 6tis ; ^tirai ; etizois. Que je revete ; 

Revivre, to revive; j'ai rev^cu— Kifca vivre. 

Revoir, to see again; j'ai revu — like voir. 

Ru-e, to laugh; riant, ri, j'ai ri. Je ri-s, s, t; 
nous ri-K)ns, ez, ent. Je riois , ris^ riral, rirois. 
Que je r-ie, es, e ; ions, iez, ent ; nsse. 

* Sailiir, in the sense of to gush outy is regular, 
but in the senefe of to jut out, it is irregular, and 
has only the following terminations— SailUr, to 
jut out ; ce balcon sailie, sailloit, saitlera, saiile- 
roit trop; this haleony juts^ut too muchj Src. 
Saillant, saillante, salient^ projecting, is an ad- 

Savoir, to knout; sachant, su, j'ai su. Je s-ais, 
ais, ait ; nous sav-ons, ez, ent. Je savois ; sos ; 
saurai ; saurois^ Q,ue je sache ; susse. 

t* Seoir, to hecome, to fit tocZi— that verb is ob- 
solete in the infinitive seoir, and gerund seyant. 
The following tenses are still in use— II sied, ils 
silent; il seyoit, ils seyoient; il siera, ils si6- 
ront ; il si^roit, il si^roient. Ex. Cette couleur 
vous sied bien, that colour fits you well; ces ma- 
ni^res ne lui silent pas, ««cA mannas do not be- 
come him. AUer bien, convenir, may supply the 

t* Secir, to n't, be situated; s^ant, sitting; sis, 

»tse, situated Oaw terms) are the mUy words tn 
ttfle— ^tre eitu^ supplies it 

t* Soudre, to solves or resolve— q\at6 obaolet« 
-r-Risoudre, supplies it 

t* Souidre, to spring out, has only the infini- 
tive, and il sourd; I'eau sourd de la terre, the wa- 
ter springs out of the ear<A— ^Sortir may supply it. 

Bourire, to smile; j'ai souri— 2t7c« rire. 

* Soustraire, tosvJbtract, take from; j'ai sous- 
\XB\t-~like abstraite— ^£0r, supplies it. 

Suffire, to suffice; suffisant, suffi, j'ai soffi. Je 
sufi-is, is, it ; nous suff-isons, isez, isent. Je suf- 
fisois ; suffis ; sufirai ; suffirois. due je suffisc ; 

Suivre, to follow; suivant, suivi, J'ai mivi. 
Je suis, suis, suit; nous suiv-ons, ez, ent. Je 
Buivois ; sal vis ; suivrai ; suivrois. due je suive 

Surseoir, to supersede, to put off; only used in 
law in the following tenses— Sursoyant, sursis 
j' ai sursis. Je sun-ois, ois, oit ; nous surs^yons, 
oyent, oient. Je suraoyois, sursis; surseohrai; 
surseoirois. due je surs-oie, oies, oie ; oyions, 
oyiez, oient ; suTsisse. — Suspendre remettre, dif- 
fi^rcr, may supply it. 

Burvivre, to outlive; j'ai survdcu — like vivre. 

Taire, to conceal; j'ai tu— Se taire, to hold one's 
tongue, je me suis Xur—Uke plaire. 

* Traire, to milk; trayant, trait, j'ai trait Je 
tr-ais, aiSj ait ; nous tray-ons, ez, traient Je tra< 
yols; trairai; trairois. CUtejetr-aie, aies, aie; 
ayions, ayiez, aient— TYrer may supply the tw# 
preterite tenses. 

'^t Tiatre, to weave, (obsolete) is supplied by 
tisser, a verb quite regular, except in its partici- 
ple, tissu, woven. 

Tressailllr, to start; tressaillant, j'ai tressailli. 
Je tressaill-e, es, e ; ons, ez, ent. Je treasaill- 
ois ; is ; irai ; irois. due je tressaill-e ; isse. 

Vaincre, to vanquish; vaincant, vaincu, j'ai 
vaincu. Je vaincs, vaincs, vainc ; vainquons, ez, 
ent Je vainquois ; vainquis ; vaincrai ; -vain- 
crois. due je vainque ; vainquisse — The three 
persons singular of the indicative present are 
better suppUed by,;e suis victorieux, &c. 

Valolr, to be worth; valant, valu, j'ai valu. Je 
yaux, vauz, vaut : nous val-ons, ez, ent Je va- 
lois ; valus ; vaudrai ; vaudrois. due je v-aille, 
ailles, aille ; ahons, aliez, aillent ; valusse. 

Vfetir, to drwa; v6tam, vfelu, j'ai vfttu. Jevfits, j 
vftts, v6t ; nous vfet-ons, ez, ent Je v^t-ois ; v6t ; 
is; v6t-irai ; vfet-irois. due je v^te ; v^tisse— The 
three persons singular of the indicative present | 
are better supplied by habiller. 

Vivre, to live; vivant, vteu« j' ai v^cu. Je vis, 


vis, vit; nous yiv-<ni8, ez, ent Je yivois; v6- Vouloir, to be willing; voulant, Tonln. Je 
cos; viyrai; vivrois. Qaejevive; v^cuase. veux, veux, veut; nous vouI-oiul ez, TWileDL 

Voir, to see; voyant, vu, J*ai vu. Je vois, Je voulois; youlus; voudrai; Touarois. QaeJ« 
vois, voit ; noiia voy-ons. ez, voient. Je voyois, v-euille, euilles, euille ; oulions, ooliez ; euiUent ; 
vis; verrai; verrois. Clue je v-oie, oies, ole; voulusse. 
oyioDB ojriez, oient; vlase. 

with a Jfoun to determine their Regimen. 


Avaot, before 
Apres, after, next to 
Anpi^s, near, with 
Avec, withy against 
Aatour, aboutj round 
Ch«z, aty tOy among 
Concernant, eoneeming 
Contre, against^ near 
Dans, in, into 
De, of from, by, 9cc. 
Deca, en this side 
Defa, on that side 
Depuia, since, from 
Dessiu, on, upon, above ) 
DessooB, under, beneath \ 
Devant, before 
Derrifire, behind 
Des, from, very 
Durant, during 
En, in, into 
Entre, b^ween 
' Euvera, towaras 
Euvinm, about 
Excepts, except, but 
Faule de, for want of 
Hon, hormis, etxept 
Hon de, out of 
Jusque, till, as far as 
Loin de, far from 
Malgr^, in spite of 
Moyennant, by means 
Nonobstant, notwithstanding 
Oatre, beHdes, beyond 
Par, frjf, through, Ate. 
Panni, among 
Pendant, during 
Pour, /or 

Pr^B, near, next to 
Proche, near, by 
Quant A, as to, as for 
Sans, without; were it not for; 

but for 
Bauf, except, with deference to 
Boos, under 
8dan, aeeording to 

A trois heures. Pailez k Sophie 

Avant vous ; avant midi 

Aprds la guerre. Marchez apris lui 

Aupr^B du feu. II est bien auprds du roi 

Avec ma sceur. En guene avec la France 

Autour de la maison. Autour de moi 

Chez lui, Chez elJe ; chez lea Romains 

Concemant cette affaire importante 

Contre mon avis. Ba maison est contre la talenne 

Dans ma chambre. U est tomb^ dans Teau 

La ville de Paris. Je viens de chez vous. De nult 

Deca les Alpes; en-dec£L les Alpes 

Dela les Pyrenees ; au-deld du Rhin 

Depuis mon retour ; depuis Landreci 

Cherchez dessus & dessous le li 

Devant le feu; devant le mhroir 

Berridre la pone ; denidre vous 

D^s cinq heures ; dSs ce matin 

9urant la guerre ; six ans durant 

En liberty. L*eau s'dchappe en vapeur 

Entre votre fV^re & ma sceur 

Bnvers Dieu. Envers lui & moi 

Environ quinze ans; environ deux heurea 

Excepts votre courine 

Faute d*^conomie ; ikute d^aigent 

Hora votre frere. Hormis Thonueur 

Ilors de damper ; hors da royaume 

Jusqu*^ Paris ; jusqu'au bout, jusque Hi 

Loin de la cour. Loin de ses amis 

Malgr6 votre pere. Malgrd les difficult^s 

Moyennant sa protection ; moyennant du tema 

Nonobstant la trahison de ces coquina 

Outre ses dettes. Outre mer 

Par son ordre. Par fa fen^tre 

Parmi la noblesse. Parmi vous 

Pendant Tautomne. Pendant le sermon 

Pour la paix ; pour vous, pour moi 

Frds de la tour ; pr^s de neuf heurea 

Proche le palais ; proche du palaia 

Quant 4 moi Taime la sinc^ritd 

Point d'amitie sans franchise. Sana eux tout iroit Uen 

Tout est perdu sauf Tesp^rance. Sauf votre mtiHeur avte 
Sous votre protection. Sous la table 
Comportez vous selon les lois 

Suivant, aeeording to 
Sur, oHy vpon^ t^ove 
Toacfaant, eoneemimg 
Ven. UwardSf about 
Vi«-ft-vi8, oppooiu 
Vu, considering 

Suivant I'ordre du rol 
Bur ma parole. Bur noe i^tes 
Touchant cette malheurense affaire 
Vers Torient Vera Tannde 1819 
Vis-&-vi8 r^glise; xls-a-vis de r^gliae 
Vu lea circonatances pr^sentea 

Aind que, (u; at wU aa 
A ce que, aeeording to; at 
A mesure que, in proportion a$ 
Apr^s que, token 
Attendu qtie, at; beeaiuo 
AuaaitOt que, at soon as 
Autant que, as far as 
C(Mnme, kow^'as 
D^B que, as soon as 
Depute que, since 
liorsque, tohen 
Parceique, beeauso 
Pendant que, while 
Puisque, seeing that^ sine* 
Quand, when 
Selon que, according to; o 
Si» if, whether 
Sitdt que, as soon as 
Tandisque, while 
Tant que, as long as 


Wia a Verb to exsmpUfif tko Mood they require. 

The following Coi^unctionB govern the Indicative. 

Ainai que je voua I'ai dit 

A GO que Je puis Juger 

A mesure que je travaiUe 

Aprds que vous aurez din6 

Attendu qu'il a tort 

Aussitdt que vous serez rentr* 

Autant quie je puis croire 

Voyez comme Us disputent 

D^s que la paiz aera faite 

Depuis que vous 6tCB k Londres 

Lorsque le rol paroitra 

Parceque Je vous aime 

Pendant que nous somnes Utirea 

Pvisque vous m'aimez 

Q,uand vous viendrez cliez moi 

Selon qu*il ^tudiera 

Si vous venez ; sMI est ^lauvre ou ri<u 

Sitdt que nous eiimes din6 

Tandis qiiMl fkit beau tema 

Tant que Je serai k Batli 

Vu qu'll est ignorant 

Vu que, seeing Mot, because 

The following Conjunctions govern the Subatantive. 

* A condition que, on condition thai 
A Dieu ne plaise que, Ood forbid 
A fin que, thai; to the end thai 
A moina que, ne, unless 
Avant que, before 
Au cas que, in ease; if 
Bien que, tho\ although 
De crainte que, ne,/or fear 
De peur que, ne, for fear; Ust 
Dieu veuilie que, Ood grant 
Fn cas que, in case; if 
Encore que, although 
I^oln que, /ar from 
Moyennant que, provided that 
Plaise & Dieu que, Ood grant 
Pour que, totJuend that 
. Pourvuque,j>roin(ied(Aat 

A condition quMl le dise 

A Dieu ne plaise qu'il meure 

Afin que vous soyez en repoa 

A moins que vous ne veniez chez moi 

Avant que nous fussions lev^s 

Au cas qu*on vous apper^oive 

Bien que je sois pauvre 

De crainte qu*il ne meure 

De peur quMl ne vienne 

Dieu veuille qu'il revienno 

En c-aa que je ne Eois pas chez moi 

Encore que vous aoyez riche 

Loin que nous soyons vaincus 

Moyennant quMI vienne 

Plaise k Dieu que nous ayons la paiz 

Pour que j'aille en France 

Pourvu qu*eUe aoit lionorable 

* A condition que, is alao conairued with the ftiture and conditional ; but then it meana certainig 
«nd not mere sttppontion. 


Quoique, aUkough duoique vous aoyes warn amli 

Sang qae, without Bans que j'y allle 

Soil que, whether Soit que voiu y allies ou noD 

Suppo66 que, euppese that Suppoa^ qu'ils fiasent la paix 

The following Conjunctioiifl govern the Infinitive. 
A, tOf im J'aime— je me plate i convener 

De, to; of Ceseez de lui par]er. Le plaisir d*ohUgw 

Pour, to; m order to Pour Jouer ; pour ae diveitlr 

Par, dy, with H finira par m ruiner 

Apr^ after ' Aprds, avoir din6 ; apr^s, 8*6tre batta 

Bans, without Sans aimer, sans boire, sans manger. 

N. B. Remmnber that the conjunctions d, de, powr^ apria^ par^ sane, can only govern verba in the 
infinitive ; and never say : tTayantf sane ayaiU, apres s'itant iottu, par se rumamt, par Pofmni 
fait—m such like expreasioni. It is a gross error, wtiich beginners leave off with difllculty. 

Most of tho French adjectives may become adverbs, by the addition of ment to tliehr maseoline, 
if ending in ^, t, u; or to their feminine, if ending otherwise. Ex. ais^, poll, absolu, sage, douz, 

_,- .. .. . . ^ 1 vivement, ad. 4-e. <•«. Such ad- 

: we oni" " ■ 

?if, o^'. Ais^ment, poUment, absolument, sagemen _, 

verbs we leave to the Dictionary, and practice in reading ; we only select liere tliose that are radical 

of themselves, or the meaning ox which is not sufficiently explained by their e^mology. 

A califourclx>n, astride 

A omtre-ooeur, unmiUmgiff 

A couvert, sheltered 

A decouvcrt, epenfy 

A dcsBein, onpurpose 

A ilTvUe, on ther{ght 

A laux, wrongly 

A (oiaon, plentifuUff 

A fond, thoroughly 

A flear d'cau, even with the water 

A (gauche, on the Uft 


AUJeura, elsewhere 

Ainai, thus 

A la file, in a row 

A ia fois, at once 

A la Piancoise, after the Freneh wmy 

A r amiable, amieably 

A la teg^re, wantonly 

A la renverse, backwards 

A la ronde, round about 

A la voKe, at randem 

A l'6earl, aside 

A Pendroit, on the right side 

A renvers, on the wrtmg side 

A Teovi, vying with one another 

A. Vitomdie, rashly 

A rimproviste, unawares 

Alon, theuj at that time 

A merveUie, exeeeding weU 

A peine, hardly 

'- piate couture, totally; eomndly 

Aller k califourchon 

J^agis k contre-coeur, 

Nous sommes i. couvert 

Farlez k ddcouvert 


Tournes k droite, puis k gauche 

Vous m'accusez k faux 

Nous avons de tout k foison 

Je oonncris cet homme 4 fi>nd 

La digue est k fleur d*eau 

Prenez k gauche, Sc toumex k drotttt 

D est & Jamais ruin^ 

Je m'ennuie ici, allons aiUeon 

Vous le poulez ainsl, J'y cousena 

lis entrdrent tons k la me 

Voui entreprenez trop k la fols 

Nous vivons k la Franpolse 

Arrangez-vous k I'amiable 

Ne faitea rien k la l^g^re 

Vous tomberez k la renveiae 

Buvons k la ronde 

n parle toi^ours k la voMe 

Je lui parlerai k P^cart 

Regardez cette ktaffe k I'endrait 

Voe bas sont k Penven 

Ces demoiselles 6tudient k Penvl 

Vous avez agi k I'^tourdie 

Votre frdre est survenu k Pimpiovisle 

Je demeurois alors k Paris 

Votre soBur danse k merveille 

A peine sait-il Ure 

lis oat ilk battus k plato couture 

A plaJstr, dengjudly; veU 

A [Aein. fully 

A plomb, perpmdicvlarly 

A point nomiu^, in the very time 

Apres, after 

A propoB, tn time; properly 

A quartier, tuide 

A reculons, backtoarde 

Aaaez, enough 

A t&tons, groping along; in^tke dark 

A tort, wrongly 

Au d^pourvu, unawaree 

AJourd'hui, to-day; nov-ordayt 

Auparavant, before 

Autant, as muehf as many 

Autrefois, formerly 

Auvaat, /ar, deep 

Autour, round; about 

Beaucoup, miteA, many 

Bien, well; muck 

Bientftt, soon 

ck & U, here and there 

C6an8, here 

Oependant, tn the mean Cm 

Certes, indeed 

Combien, how mKcA, how many 

Comment, how 

D'abord, at first 

Davantage, more 

De biaia, slopingly 

De bonne foi, sincen^ 

De bon jeu, fairly 

De but en blanc, bluntly; rashly 

De front, abreast; side by side 

De guet-apens, wilfully 

De guingois, awry 

De gr^, willingly 

Dehors, out; not at home 

De jour, by day 

Demain, to-morrow 

De niveau, on a level 

De nuit, by night 

De plus, besidSsf moreover 

De plus belle, again and again 

Depuis, since 

De gaiet^ de coeur, on purpose 

Derechef, again 

Derriire, b^ind 

Dis-lora, even then 

De son chef, of his own aeeord 

D^sormais, henceforth 

Devant, b^ore 

Dor^nayant, for the futtwe 

Encore, yet: again' stiU 

Enfln, at length 

Get habit est fait a plaisir 
Frappez le volant a pJein {skuUle-eeek) 
Cette muraiile est a plomb 
VouB dtes venu k point nommd 
Vous Irez devant & lui apres 
Nous voici arrives fort k propos 
J«e ne puis mettre d' argent k quartier 
LeuiB troupes marchent k reculons 
L'avare ne dit lamais asset 
Je suis venu ici k tftlnns 
Vous me querellez k tort 
II nous a pris au d^pourvu [d^ui 

n fait chaud aujourd^hui ; la mode d'aujour- 
Je veuz diner auparavant 
Ce diamant vaut autant que ce rubia 
C*6toit autrefois la mode 
N'allez pas si avant. II creuse trop avant 
Rq^ardez tout autour 
Get bomme a beaucoup lu 
n se porte bien ; il travaille bien 
D!nerons-nous bient6t? 
Des bataillons ^pars (& it Ik 
II dinera c^aos 
Oependant la nuit s'approche 
Certes, d*l-il, vous avez tort 
Bavez-vous combien cela coiita 1 
Je ne sais comment il peut vivre 
. Apprenez d'abord votre le^n 
Jc n'en dirai pas davantanee 
Ne coupez pas cette 6toffe de biais 
Je vous parle de bonne foi 
J*ai gagn^ la parte de bon jeu 
m*a querelld de but en blanc 
Marchons quatre de front 
On l*a tu6 de guet-apens 
Pourquoi vous tenez-vous de guingois 1 
n le fera dc gr6 ou de force 
Dehors canaille. II est all6 dehors 
n vaut mieux voyager de jour 
Adieu jusqu'A demain 
Ce jardin n'est pas de niveau 
Nous partirons de nuit 
Donnez quelque chose de plot 
II B*e8t endette de plus belle 
Je ne vous ai pas vu depuis 
Vous mMnsultez de gaiety dc coeur 
Que n'essajrez-vous derechef 1 
Marchez, ne restez pas derri^re 
Je le connoisBois dSs-lors 
n s*est niin^ de son chef 
Je ne le verrai jtfus d^sormais 
Passez-devant, je vous suivrai 
•nifl^chissez-y bien dorinavant 
Essayez-encore. Elle vit encore 
Cette aflUre est enfin teimin^e 

En moois de rien, m a trice 

Ensemble, together 
* Ensuite, afterwarda 

EnviroD, abovt; near a^out 

ExpreSj on purpose 

Fort & ferme, stovtly; poHttvely 

Guere, little; but little; few 

Hier, yesterday 

Jadis, Umff ago; in the old tim§ 
' Jamais, ever (with nc, never) 

Ici, here 

Jusqu'ou, hnofaar 

Loin, far 

Maintenant, now 

Mieux, heUer; rather *. 

Moins, less 

Naguere, not long ago 

Nulle put, no where 

Ofi, where^ whiUier 

Oai, yes 
iiii-da, yes indeed, indeed I 


Par m^garde, inadvertefUly 

Par m^prise, iy mistake 

Par-tout, every tohere 

Pele-mfele, in confusion 
» Peu, litae, few 

Peut-^tre, perhaps^ may be 

Pie, worse 

Plok, more 

Pour lors, then; therefore 

Pr^alablement, previously 

Pr6s, near; ici prcB, hereby 
Qaasi, almost 
Qoeiquefoia, somettmes 
Queiqae part, somewhere 
Bans facon, i0ttA<m< ceremony 
Bens dessus dessous, topsyturvy 
Bouvent, ofte«, o/tentme« 
Bar le chvtmpyim.m€diately 
Tant, «0 muchj so many 
Tant 8oit peu, ever so little 
Toujourg, always; still 
^tt outard, soon or late 
Tour & tour, by turns 
Tout d fait, quiU; entirely 
Tout a la fc«B, aU at once 
Toutarebours, quite wrong 
Tout de bon, in earnest 
t Tout de suite, immediately 
Tout droit, straight aiong 
TouirA-coup, suddenly 
Trop, too much, too mM,ny 
JJ8-4-vis, opposite, over against 
Votontiers, wiUingly 

n dispanit en moins de rien 

Nous sommes BOuvent ensemble 

Nous irons chez vous ensuite 

II est environ six heurcs 

Nous sommes venus ici tout ezpr^s 

Je m'y opposerai fort &, ferme 

II n'y a guere de vrais patriotes 

£lle partit hier au matin 

Jadis les 6v6ques ^toient pauvres 

Je n'y consentirai jaihais 

Venez-ici, mon bon ami 

Jusqu'od devez-vous lire 1 

Nous n'irons pas loin aujouid'bui 

Etes-irous pr£t mainlenant? 

Je me pone mieux. J'aime mieux y allet 

Moins debiens, mpins de soins 

Je Tai vu naguere (11 n'y a gu^re) 

Je ne puis le trouver nulle part 

Ou allez-vous si vite % 

Dites-moi oui ou non 

Olii-da, je lui parleral 

Je Tai fait par m6garde 

EUe vous a salu^ par m^prise 

Je vous suivrai par-i.oul 

Tous mes livres sont p61e-m61e 

J'aipeu d' argent et peu d'amis 
Je vous 6crirai peut-Stre demain 

Vous ne pourriez faire pis 

Cela ne vaut pas plus d'une guin^e 

Pour lors gue fera-t-il 1 

Je veux pr^a'ablcment payer mes dettea 

11 est log6 ici pr6s 

On se trompe quasi toujours en politique 

Quelquefois je devine juste 

J'ai lu cette anecdote quelque part 

Je-vous prie, vivons sans facon 

Tout ici est sens dessus dessous 

Parlez souvent Francois 

Nous nous separ&mes sur le champ 

Voici tant pour vous et tant pourmoi 

Donnez m'en tant soit peu 

Vous parlez toujours. II est toujours vivant 

Cela arrivera l6t ou lard 

Parlez tour h toui 

Ma SGBur est tout-d-fait r^tablie 

Je vous payerai tout h la fois 

Ce drap vaut tout autant 

n fait tout a revours 

Je vous parle tout de bon 

Venez tout de suite 

AUez tout droit 

n entra toui-4-coup 

Vous parlez-trop 

II demeure vis-a-vis 

Je vous obligerai volontteis. 

INTERJECTIONS. There are not words 
enough in any language, to ezpres all our ideas ; 
especially in sudden emotions of the mind- 
Hence the use of interjections— As the greater 
part of the ezpresBions used on such occasions 
are taken from nature alone, the real inteijections 
in most languages are roonosyllabical— We think 
it useless to give here an unmeaning list of oA, 
oA, ouaiSf oufj fiy cAut, &c &x. ; they are in the 

Tbe same imparity between languages and our 
ideas, has given rise to the figurative style ; by 
which, with proper judgment, the speech acquires 
much dignity and energy. As many figures of 
Rhetoric are often mentioned in common gram- 
mar, we shall here define the chief of them. 

The Simile illustrates one object by comparing 
it to another, to which it bears a manifest rela- 
tion — Ex. '' She never told her love, but let con- 
cealment, like a worm i* the bud, feed on her da- 
mask cheek."— He behaves like a bear. - 

The Metaphor is a figure by which we make 
use of a word to express an object to which that 
word does not literally belong. Metaphorical ex- 
pressions ^ve great energy to the language. One 
mitj^t say that a metaphor is a simile without the 
ngn of a comparison like or as—Ez. Life is a 
stormy sea. That woman is a crocodile ; her sis- 
ter is a lamb. Envy scatters her venom on all 
sides, and often withers the blossoms of merit. 

An Allegory is a series of metaphors continued 
to some length. A fkble might be termed an alle- 
gory. We have the simile, metaphor, and alle- 
gory combined through the whole song of Solo- 
mon.—" I am the rose of Sharon, and the lity of 
tlie valleys. As the lily among thorns, so is my 
love among the daughters. As the apple-tree 
among the trees, so is my betoved among the sons ; 
I sat under his shadow, and his fruit was sweet 
to my taste. Awake, O, North-wind ; and come, 
thou South, blow upon my garden, that its spices 
may flow out.'* 

The Antitheeis is a contrast of words which 
serve, like shades, to set off opposite qualities.— 
Ex. " In all thy humours, whether grave or mel- 
low—thou art such a touchy, testy, pleasant fel- 
low—hast so much wit, and mirth, and spleen 
about thee —there is no living with thee, nor with- 
out thee." 

The Hyperbole is a figure by which the really 
of things is either excessively enlarged, or dimi- 
nished— £«. " So light was Camilla, that she 
might have run over the wavering ears of com 
without bending them." — " His pond'rous shield 
behind him he cast; the broad circumfenaice 

Jiung on his shoulders like tbd moon."— A comitf 
poet said of a nobleman, proud and poor : Hia 
estate is not la?ger than a Lacedemonian Epistle, 
and his (Nriule reaches from one pole to the other. 

By -the Irony we let understand the contrary 
of what we say. Thus we call a fool a Solavum; 
and a scolding woman a lamb. 

By the Apostrophe we suddenly address our 
speech to any object, whether present or abeent, 
animate or inanimate.— " Ye angels, sing bis 
praise ; on earth join, all ye creatures. Air, and 
ye elements, praise him ; convey his praise, ye 

The Prosopopeia £alls forth absent and dead 
persons, and supposes life and reason in inani- 
mate and irrational objects. There is a great si- 
milarity betwixt this figure and the apostrophe ; 
in the latter we suddenly address our speech to 
any object, and in the former we lend voice and 
passions to it. — Ex. " Hear the voice of your 
country, Catiline, thus she speaks to you ; retire, 
Catiline, retire ; your crimes have overthrown my 
laws, your atrocities desolate me, my veins are 
open ; redre, Catiline, and allow some rest to 
your desolate mother.'* 

As it is very essential to the thorough learning 
of a laimiage, not to mistake one part of speecli 
for another, we finish this section with giving a 
classical and metliodical scheme for parsing a 
sentence. The examples, with very little chan^ 
may suit any language. 

Article. Ouestiona: is it definite, or indefinite 
partitive 1 What gender 1 What number 1 

Examples* Le pouvoir d« roi, the power of tk§ 
kinr; la liberty des hommes, the liberty of- men, 
J'aidtt pain, de la viande, des pommes; Ihavs 
breads meat^ apples. 

Application, Le^ definite art ms. — cfu, contrac- 
tion of de <0, definite art ms.— 2«a, definite art. 
&. — desf contraction of de les, def. art. com. gen* 
der, pi. — (fic, in thesense of some, indef. oait ms. — 
de <a, in the sense of some^ indef. part, rs.— de«, in 
the sense ofsomsy indef. part com. gender, pi. 

Substantive. St^^stions: What gender 1 what 
number 1 If the noun be singular, name its plural ; 
if it be plural, name its singular. 

Examples. Le pouvoir du roi ; la liberti del 
hommes; le prix des denries^ the price of pcnvi- 

Applicatum, Pouvoir^ substantive, ms. pou 
voirsf for its pi. — Liberti^ subst. is. libertiSf for 
itspl.— Prfr., subst ms. prix for its pL— I>«iir^, 
subst f. pi. denrie for its singular. 

Adjective, ^ustions: What gender? what 
number 1 what does it agree with in the sentence 1 


If it be maaculine, name its fern. If it be femi- 
aiDe, name its ms. 

Examples. Un heau chapeau, a fine hat; ces 
femmes aont jolies; those ladies are pretty; cette 
filte est org-ueiUeuse—tkat girl is proud. 

Jlpplication. Beau^ noun adj. ms. agrees with 
chapeau; it has belle for ils feminine. — Jolies, 
noun adj. f. pi. agrees with femmes ; it has joli 

for its masfculine Orgueilleicsey noun adj. fa. 

agrees with Jille; it has orgueilleuz for its mas- 

Pronoon. Questions: Is it personal, possessive, 
relative, demonstrative, or indeterminatel What 
gender? what number 1 with what does it agree 
m the sentence ? 

Examples. Elle a mon livre, she has my book. 
Cette plume ne vaut rien, this pen is good for 
nothing. L'homme qui vous parloit, the man 
who was speaking to you. U y a quelques ann^s, 
xome years ago. 

.application. EUe, pronoun pers. fs.— JIfon, 
pronoun poss ms. agrees with livre— C^tu, pro- 
noun demonstr. fs. agrees vfWh plume— Qui, pro- 
noun reLcommon gender and number, agrees with 
homm»— Quelques, pronoun indeter. pi. common 
gender, agrees with annees. 

Verb. Questions: Name its infinitive— its per- 
son— its number— Its tense— its mood. 

Examples. Pendant gu'ils itoient ens^nbl^, 
fentendis sonner midi ; lohile they were together, 

I heard twelve o*€loek strike, Quoiqu'il ^arou«« 
heureux, u'enotez pas son sort ; tho* he may seem 
happy, do not envy his situation. 

.Application. Etoieut, from Stre; 3d pers. pi. 
imperf. tense, indie, mood — Entendis^ from m< 
tendre; 1st pers. shig. preterite defimte, indica- 
tive mood— Paroisse, fromparoUre, 3d pers. sing. 
Sr. tense, subjuiict. mood— Envicz, from envier; 
d pers. pi. Imperat. mood. 

Preposition. What does it govern in the sen- 
tence ? 

Examples. Avant midi; b&u argent; before 
noon; without money. 

Application. Avant, a preposition, governs 
midi — sans, a preposition, governs argent. 

Conjunction. What mood does it require 1 
Name the verb it acts upon in the sentence. 

Examples. Lorsque le roi entra, when the king 
came iu.—Quoique vous soyez riche, tho* you be 
rich. Je hepour m''aanu8er,Iread to amuse myself. 

Application. Lorsque, a conjunction, requires 
the indic— Here it governs entra.— Quoifue, a 
conjunction, requires the subjunct — Here it go- 
verns soyet—Pour, a conjunction, requires the 
infinitive— Here it governs amuser. 

Adverbs and interjections. Only name them. 

Examples. Ah! mon ami, agissez prudemr 
ment: ah, my friend, act prudently. 

Application, jf A is an interjection— Pntdemr 
ment is an adverl). 



GENERAL DIRECTIONS. Never neglect to that occur in ahnost every French sentence- 

ascertain the parts of speech which compose the 
Englisb sentences yon have to turn into French. 

L For a Verb— Make sure of its mood, person, 
number, and tense, look for its subject, and ob- 
serve wliether it has an object 

52. For a Substantive— Ascertahi its gender and 

3. For an Adjective— Find the Substantive with 
which it agrees. 

4. For a Preposition and a Conjunction— Ob- 
serve what word or words they govern in the 

The IsL The verb agrees in person and number 
with its subject. Ex. Je parle, vous parlez, il 
parle, mon fr^re parle; nous parlons, il parlent, 
mes fcirta parleront, mon frdre et ma aoeur ont 
parle.— The 2d. The article agrees in gender and 
number with its substantive, and so do the adjec- 
tive and pronoun. Ex. Le bon pdre. un mdchant 
p^re, les bons p6res: la bonne mere, une mi- 
chant m^re, les boimes meres. 

This previous care really shortens the time re- 
quired tor writing an exercise; and prevents that 
random manner of composing wtiich tonnents the 
masters, and di^pists the pupils. 

N. B. When the learners come to this section, in translating the examples, which win thus ac- 
it may be supposed they are able to make out a eidentally become doubly useful. 
eonmum French sentence ; therefore no transia- 1. Nouns used in a general sense take no article 
tion will be given to the examples. But, in sup- in English, but they must have the definite arti- 
posing the contraiy, they may first be employed cle in French. Ex* l>e pain est cher. La vie n eat 

S. Never k)se sight of two fundamental rules 


qu^un Bonge. Les roui ne sont que des hommes. 

La paix et Tabondance rendent les hommeB heu- 

I 2. By a consequence of the preceding rule, 

names of countries, kingdoms, and provinces 
I take no article in EngUsh, but they receive the 

I definite article in French. 

Ex. La France est plus grande que I'Angle- 

terre, plus petite que la Russie, et aussi grande 

qne TEspagne. La Bretagne est moins fertile 

que la Normandie. L' Arable a la Perse & TEst, 

et TAfrique au Sud. 

3. [f the sentence expresses the going to a 
I country (in Europe) or the coming from it, the 

article is commonly supplied by the prepositions 

en and de—But, if the country is not in Europe, 

the preceding rule has generally its full force. 

: Ex. Quand frez-vous en France, en Espagne, en 

L Italic, en Turquiel II vient d'arriver de Portu- 

) gal, de Russie, de Pologne, de Su^de— U est all6 

au Japon, a la chine, au Mexique, au P^rou. 

J'arrive du P6rou, de la Guiane, de Tlndostan. 

4. When two comparatives are set, either in 
opposition, or in comparison, in the same sen- 
tence, the definite article expressed in English, 
is not to be rendered in French. Ex. Plus je la 
vois, plus je I'aime. Plus je le fr^quente, moins 
je restime. 

5. A noun of measure and weight takes the ar- 
ticle a or an in English, and the definite le^ la in 
French.— Par often supplies Ze, la in speaking of 
redconing, salary, attendance, &c. Ex. La viande 
se vend onze sous la livre. Cette dentelle vaut 
une guin^e I'aune. Ce diner nous coiktera six 
chelins par t6te. Ou vous demandera deux che- 
lins par mille. Je lui donne cinquante euin^es 
par an. Je donne deux guin^es par moi3, et je 
recois deux lemons par semaine. 

6. Of is frequenly understood in English, and 
supplied by an apostrophe, but it must be ex- 
pressed in French. Ex. Le chapeau de mon frcre. 
Le manchon de masoeur. La modestie de Caro- 
line. Les folios ddpenses de votre ami. 

7. Of is likewise suppressed in English in 
many compound nouns, but it must be expressed 
in French ; viz. 

Sometimes by d, a«, Ala^ APj aux^ to express 
how things are prepared or combined, or to de- 
fine their fitness and instrumental use. Ex. Un 
moulin k c&ff^. De la poudre k canon. Le march^ 
au foin. Du fromage a la cr^me. La bouteille & 
Tencre.— Likewise to describe a person or a thing 
by some distinctive sign or habit. Ex. J a femme 
aux huitres. La demoiselle au ruban bleu. 

Sometimes by de^ to express a simple relation 

between two nouns, the second of which has al 
ways the meaning of an adjective. Un habit d*^' 
carlate. Un pontde pierre. Des has de sole. Une 
maison de brique. Un carosse de remise, a glass 

8. When a preposition and a noun, or a verb 
and a noun, present the sense of an adjective or 
of an adverb ; that is, express only one idea, no 
article is to be used. Ex. Je suis sans amis. Nous 
vivons sans souci. Etudiez avec attention. II a 
confiance en vnus. J'ai compassion de lui. 

9. Proper names take no article, except those 
of some renowned Italian poets and painters , 
and some names formed from common substan 
lives. Ex. Alexandre, Pyrrhus et C6sar ont d6- 
8ol6 la terre ; le Tasse, rArioste, et le Titien ont 
illustr^ I'ltalie. Lisez les fables de la FontMne, 
et les caracteres de la Bruyere. 

10. When eom^ or any are either expressed or 
understood in English, they are rendered into 
French by the partitive article dit, dc, Za, de T, 
desi or the preposition de before adjectives. Ex. 
J'ai du papier, de la cire, de I'encre et des plumes. 
Avez vous achet6 du th6, de lamoutarde, de Tin- 
digo et des cerises'? II a du courage et de la g6- 
nerosit^.— J'ai de beau papier, d'excellente cire, 
de bonne encre etde bonnes plumes. 

11 . But if the adjective and substantive form 
togetlier a kind of compound noun, that is, pre- 
sent but one idea, the article resumes its right. 
Ex. C'est un admirateur du bon ton et du bei-ea- 
prlt. Get homme a du bon sens. 

12. The French make use of de in some par- 
ticular phrases— After guelque chose^ rien^ if^i 
guelgu'un personne, pas, point, antant, assez^ 
beaucoup, and all adverbs expressing quantity. — 
Before a participle preceded by a noun of num- 
ber. Ex. Quelque chose d'etonnant. Je ne sals 
rien de nouveau. Quoi de plus juste que ccttc 
loi ! Y a-t-il quelqu'un de m^contenf? II n'a pas 
d'argent. Je n*ai point d'ambition. Nous avons 
autant de livres que vous. Elle a beaucoup d'en> 
fieuis. n y a eu deux officiers de blesses, et dix 
hommes de tu6s. 

13. Bien, in the sense of beaucoup, requires the 
definite article, whereas beaucoup takes only de. 
Ex. Bien du chagrin— beaucoup de chagrin 
Bien des amis— beaucoup d'amis. Bien de Tar- 
gent— beaucoup d' aij^ent. Bien de la modestie — 
beaucoup de modestie 

14. The articles a and the are often inserted in 
the form of a short parenthesis, when they are 
not to be expressed m French. Ex. Le Ducd'Or- 
l^ans, prince du sang, a£t6 guillotine & Paris, 
Alexandre fils de Philippe, tua son ami Clytus, 


La guerre, fl^au des peuples, est le jeu des prin- 
ces. JLes plus belles fleurs, naturelle image de la 
beaut , ne dureut guerc plus d'un jour. 

15. Jl and ofte used in English before hundred 
and tkoiuand, are not to be expressed in French. 
Ex, J*ai gagn^ millc guiu^es. Je vous en prete- 
rai cent. L^an mil huit centdix neuf. Dussions^ 
noua vivre cent ans, disons in6ine mille ans, il 
nous resteroit encore blen des choses a appren- 

16. The article a is not to be expressed in 
French, after the verbs etre^ devenir, passer, pour, 
&c. when they have not ee for their subject. Ex. 
U est m^decin. £lle est ducliesse. Vous devien- 
drez royaliste— C'cst un ni6dccin. C'est une 

The reason of the rule is, that, in the construc- 
tion without C0, the substantive is taken adjeetive- 


1. We repeat again, as a very essential rule, 
that the adjective must agree witli its substantive 
in gender and number. Ex. Un homme adroit, 
des hcMnmes adroits. Une femme adroile, des 
feinmes adroites. 

2. When two or m'>re substantives have a 
common adjective, that adjective must be in the 
plural. — If the substantives are of different gender, 
the adjective must be of the masculine plural. 
Ex. Monfrereetmononclesonthardis. Masoeur 
et ma tante sont hardies. Mont frere et ma soeur 
fwnt hardis. 

3. If tliere is no verb between tlie substantives 
and the adjective, that adjective agrees with the 
last substantive. Ex. Get acteur joue*avec un 
gout et une noblesse charmante. Get acteur joue 
avec une noblesse et un gout cbarmant. 

4. The place of an adjective in French, is eom- 
mmly after its sutetantive.* Ex. Je faais le terns 
froid. J*aime la musique Italienne. Etle avoit 
une robe bleue. Une femme douce et modeste. 

5- However, we may observe here that the ad- 
jectives beau, bon, grand, petit, jeune^joli, man- 
vais, and michant are generally placed before 
their substantives. Ex. Un beau clieval. Un bon 

Zy, and the French syntax does not permit to 
place an article before an adjective, separated 
from its substantive by a verb. We explain in 
the syntax of the verbs, when ce is to be used. 

17. The article is to be repeated in French b«> 
fore all the substantives that are either Uie sub- 
ject or the object of tiie same verb. Ex. Le bled, 
le vin, rhuiie et les legumes sgnt les ricliesses 
naturclles d'un 6tat. J'admire la patience, r In- 
dustrie, r^conomie, la sobri^t^ et hi pers^v^ranco 
d'un bon agricuiteur. 

18. The preposition t», which follows a super* 
lative in English, is rendered into French by d«, 
de la, de V, des, tie. Ex. Eile passe pour la plus 
belle femme de Londres. G'est le plus beau terns 
de Taimee. Je nommerois bien les plus grands 
coquins du royaume. La plus grande ville des 
Pays Bas. 


enfant. Une grande femme. De petits oiseenz. 
Une jeune fille. Dejolisrubans. De mauvais vin. 
Un mediant homme. 

6. JVu, naked, and denti, half, agree with their 
substantive, whentiiey follow it ; and remain in- 
declinable when they precede it. Ex. 11 va nu- 

Sieds, nu-t^te ; il va les pieds nus, la tdte nue. 
'ai achete une aune et dcmie de drap, et une 
demi-aune de dentelle. 

7. Tout, in the sense of all and whole, agrees in 
gefider and number with its substantive. Ex 
Tout le royauincj toute la terre ; tons les hom- 
mes, toutes les femmes. 

But tout in the sense of though, ever to mueky 
and quite, has a very irregular construction be- 
fore adjectives, substantives taken a^jectively, 
nnd adverbs. — If the adjective is masculine, tout 
is always indeclinable.— If the adjective is fe- 
minine, most vrriters make tout declinable before 
a consonant, and indeclinable before a vowel. — 
Ex. Un homme tout plein de coBur ; des hommes 
tout pleins de ccBur. Tout brave quMI est; tout 
braves quMIs sont— Elle est tout afl1ig6e ; elle est 
toute r^jouie ; elles sont tout afflig^es ; ellcs sont 
toutes r^jouies. — Tout aimable qu'elle est ; tout 

* I say eomtnonly, because it often happens that 
the same adjectives may be placed either before 
or after their substantives. But, this depending 
on a nicety of criticism and ear which nothing 
but a long practice can give, and which it would 
be injudicious to suppose in beginners, I think it 
necessary to avdd such a dissertation in these 
elements. Wlien the learners are well grounded 
in the ftindamental rules ; and have, by reading 

much, sufficientiy harmonized their ears to the 
elegant and select turns of the French language, 
they may have recourse to the Complete System 
of the French Language, by Mr. SALMON, ftom 
page 207 to 316, an excellent treatise, which I 
have carefully consulted, with great pleasure to 
myself, and considerable advantage to tills little 


aimables qu*elles sont— Toute jolie qu'elle est, 
toutea Jolies qu'elles soiit— Elle est tout oeil et 
tout oreilie ; elles sont tout ceil et tout oreille. 

8. Quelgue ia the sense of some^ agrees with 
its substantive. Ex. Quelque homine, quelqaes 

Quelque with qtie in the sense of thought what- 
every is declinable : — when it is joined to a sub- 
stantive alone— or, to a substantive followed by 
its adjective— or, to an adjective immediately fol- 
lowed by its substantive— But, it is indedinabU 
before an adjective, not immediately followed by 
its substantive— In ail those cases the verb must 
be put in the subjunctive. Ex. Quelques titres 
que vous ayez. Quelqiies titres 6clatansque vous 
ayez. Queiques grands titres que vous ayez. 
Q,uelqtte puissans que soient les rois. 

Quelgue^ in the sense of whatever^ immediately 
followed by a verb, in French, is resolved into the 
declinable adjective guel^ guelle^ guelst guelles, 
with gue close to it, and the verb in the subjunc- 
tive. Ex. Qpuei que soit cet honmie. Quelle que 
paroisse sa situation. Quels que puissent 6tro 
vos titres. Quelles que soient vos raisons. 

9. The adjective, without a substantive, is of 
the masculine gender, and takes the article ; be- 
cause it has then the full value of a substantive. 
Ex. Pr6fi6rous I'utile & Tagr^able. Les enfans 
aiment le rouge. Le beau ir est pas toiyours bon. 
J'aime mieux le vert que le bleu. 

10. The adjectives of dimension, such as AfyA, 
deep, broody &x. have a peculiar construction in 
French.— Observe carefuUy; l«e, to use avoir in- 
stead Gfitre, when the adjective of dimension is 
turned into a substantive ; 2m2/y, to repeat de be- 

fore the number, and before the substantive of 
dimension, with the verb Stre^ and with void, 
voila. Ex. Ce mur a vingt pleds de hauteur et 
trois de largeur. Voilk un mur de vingt picds de 
hauteur, et de trois de largeur ; or, de haul tc de 

We might likewise say with the verb 6tre and 
an adjective — Ce mur est haut de vingt pieds et 
large de trois. 

11. When an ordinal number is added in Eng- 
lish to proper names, in order to pomt out their 
order or rank, we make use of a cardinal number 
in French, except for /r«t and second that remain 
ordinal. Ex. Henri premier, second, trois, quatre, 
cinq, six, sept, huit 

12. An adjective becomes comparative in 
French, by adding to it plus more, moina leas, 
auasi so, tant so much, autant as much. Ex. Elle 
est plus belle, moins belle, aussi belle que sa sosur. 
II n'a pas tantde vanit^ que son frdre. Vous avez 
autant d'ennemis que d'amis. 

It appears from these examples that than and 
08, in the second term of a comparison, are ex- 
pressed by que. 

The preposition by, after a comparative, and 
before a noun expressing dimension or quantity, 
is commonly rendered into French by de. Ex. 
Vous Stes plus haut que moi de deux pouces. 

13. The superlative is expressed in French by 
le, la, lee, prefixed to plue ou motn«— tn is rendered 
by de, du, de la, &c. and que after a superlative 
requires the subjunctive. Ex. Leplusbdhomme 
de la ville. La plus belle femme que je connoisse. 
Les plus grands coquins de TEurope. Le plus 
heureux jour de ma vie. 


Personal Pronouns. — 1. A pronoun personal 
subject governs the verb ; and a pronoun personal 
ohjeet is governed by the verb. 

S. O. 8. O. 8. 

Ex. Je vous dme. Vous uooa consolez.— Nous 

0. 8. 0. O. 

les prot^geons. II lui parlera. Consolez-la. Par* 



2. A pronoun personal subject cannot be parted 
from its verb but by a pronoun personal object, 
the supplying pronouns y, en, or the negative ne. 
Ex. Nous voyons souvent votre fi^re. Je vous 
airaeraii tou jours. Vous en parlez sans cesse. Je 
ne m'y fie paa-^Jind not; Je toujours vous alme- 
rai : nous souvent, voyons, itc, 

3. When many pronouns of different persons 
re the subject of a verb, they become disjunc- 

tive, and a pronoun conjunctive in the plural 
number, and of the noblest person, is generally ' 
added to represent them' all. Ex. Lui, elle, et 
moi nous all&mes hier a la com^die. Vous, lui, 
et moi, nous ne nous accorderons jamais. Voua 
et lui, vous apprendrez le Francois. 

You might place the disjunctive pronouns after 
the verb, and say— Nous allftmes hier i, la com^ 
die, lui, elle, et moi, &c. But not— lui, elle et 
moi allftmes, &c. Vous et lui apprendrez, &c. 

4. However, when third persons only are the 
subject of a verb, no other pronoun is to be 're- 
peated. Ex. Mon fr^re et lui viendront demaln. 
Lui, elle, eux et ma soeur apprenent le Fran- 

5. When a pronoun personal is governed by 
a verb, place it between the subject and the 
verb. Ex. Jeleconnois. Vous la connoiesea. 

Je les connois, et je lear parle aouvent— N. B. direcL— N. B. The direct ohjset la never ailbct 
No pronoan affected with de, except en, can be ed by a prepocdtion ; and the indirect o^ect to 
jriaced before a verb which governs it, without always affected by de or d, ezpreaeed or ander> 
being foUowed by fue conductive. Ex. Je parte stood. Ex. Je vous le dirai. Vous nous let 
de vous— c^est de vous que je parle. Vous avez donnerez. It vous la recommande. Nous vous 
raidit de iui, d'elle, de nous— c'est de lui, d'elte, le rccommandons. 
de nous que vous avez m^dit 10. If the pronouns are both of the third per 

6. If the verb is in the imperative, toitkout a son, the direct pronoun comes before the huU 
negation^ then the pronoun comes after the verb. rect. Ex. Je le Iui dirai. Vous les lour dcnuM- 
— if there is a negation, follow the preceding rez. 

rule. Ex. Dites-moi, dites-tui, dites-nous— Ne 11. The supplying prononns y and 011 come 
me dites pas, nc Iui dites pas, ne leur ditcs pas. close to the verb, when they are construed with 

7. Whentwoimperatives,wlthout a negation, nny other pronouns; and en always follows «, 
come together with pronouns, it is better to place when they both happen to meet togi?ther. Ex, Jo 
the first pronoun after the 1st verb, and the se- vous les y apporterai. U nous en dbnna'a. Vous 
cond before the 3d verb. Ex. Voyez-ie, et hii tear y en enverrez. Je leur y en t6ax>igncvai 
dites de vonir me voir. Parlez-Ieur, et leur dites mon m^contcntement. 

de se mieux comporter. The following list may, with a little ingenuity, 

8. With reflected verbs— with penaer^ aUer, be of great use to beginners, and soon accustom 
ind ventTj or any verb taken in a sense in which their eyes and ears to the union of pronouns and 
h cannot receive a direct object, place the pro- verbs, either interrogatively, or negatively. Ton 
noun personal after the verb.— Ex. Je me plains are to suppose the pronouns in each line to be 
de vous. Elle s^est addressee & moi. Je pensois in the same place of the asterisks; read them 
k enx. Get enfant veut aller k vous. II veut ve- often in that order, and it will soon be out of 
nir a mot Courez k Iui. II est account k moi. your power to place them wrong. Tkus ; D mo 

9. When two pronouns personal are governed le donnera ; he will give it to m«, A:c. D me Py 
by a verb, the indirect object comes before the enverra ; he will send it to me, &c. 

Me le, me la, me les, m'en— II * * donnera 
Me I'y, me les y, m'y, m'y en— li * * enverra 
Te le, te la, te les, t'en— * * donnerai-Jc 1 
Te I'y, te les y, t'y, t*y en—* * enverrai-jel 
Nous le, nous la, nous les, nous en— II ne * * donne pas 
Nous Fy, nous les y, nous y, nous y en— II ne * * enverra pas 
Vous le, vous la, vous les, vous en— Ne * * donnerai-je pas 1 
Vous I'y, vous les y, vous y, vous y en— Ne * ♦ enverrai-Je pas 
Se le, se la, se les, s'en— It ♦ * promet 
Se Vyy se les y, s'y, s'y en— II * • procura 
Le Iui, la Iui, les Iui, Iui en— Nous * * promettons 
Le leur, la leur, les leur, leur en— Vous ne * * donnez pas 
Le leur y, la leur y, les leur y , leur y en—* ♦ enverrai ic 1 
FrcMU thiit list it appears that no pronoun af- Conduisez-moi ; amusetoi ; donnez-m'en— Don- 

fected by de, except «n, can come before a verb, nez-le-lui, la-lui, les-lui, le-leur, &c. 

Ex. Je me moque de Iui : il m6dit de vous ; and 3dly. ^01, tot, nous and vous are placed after 

not ; je me Iui moque ; it vous m^dit. le, la, les ; but the pronouns of the third person. 

The foregoing list stands good, all through, for linked together, suffer no change. £x. Donnez- 

verbs in the imperative, v)ith a ne/ration—Ne me Ic-moi ; procurelos-toi ; promettez-les-nous ; as^ 

l€ donnez pas ; ne me I'y envoyez pas, &c. surez-les-vous— Donnez-le-lui, la-lui, lea-leur,&c. 

But, with verbs in the hnperative without a J2. On. The pronoun indeterminate on may 

u^gatunif make the foltowing observations— 1st. be rendered into English by one, we, people, men. 

The pronouns are placed after the imperative. — Z«'on has the same meaning, and is only em- 

Ez. Donnez-le-nous ; envnyez-le-noua. ployed to avoid ambiguity, or a harsh sound. 

2dly. Me and to become nun and toi, except 13. On has generally a plural meaning, but it 

when they are linked with m; but the jvonouns always governs its verb in the tiingular num 

of the third person are not to be altered. Ex. bcr. 


Ex. On c'raint de ee voir tel qu^on est, parce que 
Ton n'est paa ce qu'on dcvroit fttre. 

14. On. must be repeated before every verb 
that has the same subject. Ex. On 6pie la for- 
time, on travailie, on se fatigue, on cherche tous 
lea moyens de la fixer ; el apres bien des soins, 
le tombeau s'ouvre, et Ton s'appergoit trop lard 
que tout ici bas n'est que vanity. 

15. Avoid the passive turn so common in 
English ; and by the means of on, bring the 
verbs to an active state, in such sentences as tlie 
following ones. Ex. On n'a pas encore recu lea 
lettres qu'on attendoit. On a fait de grandes 
rojouissances, et Ton ne sait trop pourquoi. On 
a en voy6 ordre de ramener les troupes, et Ton 
esp^re qu'elles arriveronl demain. On seroit 
toujours en paix, si Ton diminuoit de moiti^, en 
terns de guerre, les profits des gens en place. 

16. £n, in some particular phrases, and with 
the adverbs of quantity, is not to be expressed in 
English; but it cannot be dispensed with in 
French. Ex. Vous avez plus d'oranges que je 
n'en ai. Vous n'avez pas tant de livres que j'en 
ai. Avez-vous autant do chevaux en France que 
nous en avons en Angleterre 1 H en est de vous 


1. All possessive Pronouns, either conjunctive 
or relative, but more clearly those of the third 
person, agree, in English, with the possessor of 

* a thing, and in French with the thing possessed. 
Ex. Voire fr6re a perdu son chapeau; votre 
soBur a perdu son chapeau. Votre mere a perdu 
sa bourse ; votre p6re a perdu sa bourse. 

Translate these examples, and you will find 
tiie English ones ruled by the gender of the 
possessors, frere^ sceury mere, pere; and the 
French, by the gender of the thing possessed, 
chapeau. bourse. 

2. When a noun feminine begins with a vow- 
ol, or an A mute, the French sacrifice the syntax 
to harmony, and make use of mon, Con, son^ in- 

. stead of ma, ta, sa. Ex. Mon anie est fort du- 
dessus de ifia fortune.— Ton industrie te menera 
loin. Son insolence lui fera perdre tous ses amis. 
Mon humanity, ton humcur, son humility. 

3. The personal pronouns supply in French 
the possessive pronouns, when we speak of the 
several parts of the body, or even of any thing 
belonging to the body, such as life, courage, com- 
plexum, sitrht, voice, mind, &c. If that turn cre- 
ates no ambiguity — Ex. J'ai mal & la tSte. II 
s'est coupe ledoigt. Vous avez ToBil enfl6. II 
m'aattaqu^ Thonneur. Vousro'arracherlezplu- 
tOt la vie. Lc courage lul qianque. — But say : 

comme de moi. 11 en est de cela comme de la 
plupart des choses du monde. 

17. L^ is often used to represent either a part 
of a sentence, or an adjective, or a substantine 
employed adjectively ; and it is then indeclina- 
ble—It is rendered into English by so, and 
sometimes not expressed at all. Ex. Dites-moi, 
mon ami, pourriez-vous alier & pied de Londres 
a York 1 Oui, je le pourrois. Et bien, Mesdamea, 
6tes-vous tres occupies? B6cllement, nous le 
sonunes. Est-eWe Me (unmarried?) Oui, etje 
pcnse qu'elie le sera long-temps. 

But, when the word represented is really a 
substantive, or an adjective employed substan- 
tively, then make use of le, la, les, according to 
the gender and number of that substantive. Ex. 
6tes-vous la fille de Mr. West 1 Oui, Monsieur, 
je la suis. Etes-vous la nialade que Madante 
Clinton m'a recommand^e 1 Non, Monsieur, jo 
ne la suis pas. 

If the substantive Is of the plural number, it ia 
better to avoid making use of les^ in order to 
give an easier turn to the sentence. Ex. Etes- 
vous les filles de Mr. Coke 1 Oujj Monsieur— 
toithoiU nous les sommes. 

See page xix, and the N. B. 
Je crois. que ma jambe est enfl^e. Pourquoi 
voua moquez-vous de ma t^te chauvel— Z.^ 
jarnbe and la tete would render the sentence am 

4. In a familiar way of addressing persons, 
the possessive pronoun is left out in English, bul 
not in French. Ex. Voulez-vous faire un toui 
de jardin, ma soeur 1 R^ellement, je ne le puis, 
mon frere. 

5. In speaking of inanimate objects, the pos- 
sessive its and their are expressed in French by 
en.— Ex. Celte plante est fort commune, et ce- 
pendant je n'en connois pas les vertus. petto 
maison me plait; j'en aime la situation. 

6. In the English phrases in which the word 
«afte is joined to a possessive pronoun, the French 
make use of a personal pronoun. Ex. Faitos 
le pour I'amour de moi, de lui, de nous, ice. Do 
it for my sake, &.C. 

7. The relative posseasive pronouns mine^ 
thine, yours, &c. agree, like the conjunctive, with 
the nouns to which they relate, and they take the 
definite article in French. Ex^ Votre fr^re et le 
mien ; votre soeur et la mienne. — See page xix. 

8. When the verb to be, In the sense of to be- 
long to, is joined to a relative possessive pronoun, 
and has a noun for its subject, the possessive 
pronoun is rendered into French by a persona] 


pronooH. Ex. Ce livre est & moi. Gette mai- rendered into French by a coi^unctive powM 

Bon est a nous. Get eventail est k elle. sive. Ex. Un de mes amis m'a montr^ un da 

9. The English idiom ofmine^ of yourSy &c. is vos livres ; a friend of mm«, &c. 

L Qui and que^ without a preposition, and be- lativc pronoun, in speakiM; of situation, plaee, 

fore a verb, are applicable to any substantive. Ex. and time. Ex. C'est une amtire oii il vaut niieux 

L'homme qui parle ; la femme qui chante ; le ne pas entrer. La raaison oil je demeure. Le 

cheval qui court ; les oiseaux qui volent ; les siecle oii noi^ vivons. 

etoiles qui briUent— L'homme que vous connois- 5. Que^ uniting two verbs, and aflcr a noun, is 

sez; la femme que vous louez ; les oiseaux que often understood in English ; but it is always ex- 

vous elevez ; le^ chevaux que vous avez ache- pressed in French. Ex. Je crois que vous ave7 

tes ; lea 6toiles que vous observez. — Hence it raison. On dit que nous aurons bientdt la paix. 

appears that ^ut is used, when it relates to a Les Livres que vous avez achet6s. Les femmes 

noun that governs the verb ; and qtie is used, que vous fr^quentez. 

when it relates to a noun that is governed by the 6. When thai after a verb, signifies to the end 

verb. thaty translate it into French by afin que or pour 

% When a verb governs its object with the que. with the subjunctive ; or nfin de and pour 

help of a pr^x)sition, qui cannot be applied to with the infinitive. Ex. Je vous enseigne afin 

irrational and inanimate beings; it is supplied que vous appreniez. Je vous Icdis pour que vous 

by d4nit, duquel, de laquelle^ desquels^ desqueUes; le sachiez. II est venu afin d'obtenu* cetie gr&ce. 

tmquel, h laquelle^ auxquelsy auxquelUs. Ex. Le J'ai fait tout mon possible pour gagner son ami- 

cfaeval duquel, or dont je me sers ; la science a ti6. 

laquelle je m' applique, &c. 7. Quoi is only said of things, and can never 

3. Dont is used for all genders and numbers, be used but with verbs that require a preposition, 
and it is applicable to any substantive, but it can Ex. A quoi pensez-vous? C'est de quoi je m'in- 
never be mterrogative. — Ex. L'homme dont je qui^te peu. G'est a quoi je ne pense pas— But 
parle; la femme dont vous parlez; la montre «ay; Que dites-vous 1 Quemeconseiilez-vous? 
dont je me sers. Clue cherchez-vous ? And not; Quoi dites-vouS} 

4. Om is often an .elegant equivalent for a re- &c. It is bad language., 


Demonstrative Pronouns. The list (page xx) some other turn, bring the sentence to a lesa 

is sufficient for our purpose in these elements, complicated order. Ex. They are not always 

and we shall only make here the following re- happy who seem to be so ; or^ such are not al- 

marka. wBLya^Scc.— -Imitate the following turns: Geux qui 

1. £te whOf she tohOj they who^ &c. are never to paroissent 6tre heureux, ne le sont pas toujours. 

be rendered into French by il qui, elle qui, dtc. — Ge n'est pas toujours 6tre heureux que do le pa- 

But by: Gelui qui, celle qui, ceux qui, celles qui. roitre. Quoiqu'on paroisse heureux, on ne Test 

Ex. Gelui qui m^prise T^tude, n'en connoit pas pas toujours. On paroit souvent heureux, sans 

le pilx. Geile qui ne compte que sur sa beauts, 1- dtre en efiet — Or^ nearer the English, by adding 

b4tit sur le sable. Geux qui se battent contre Id— Geux-la ne sont pas toujours heureux, qui 

leur patrie, sont des sc^l^rats. Gelles qui 6cou- paroissent I'Stre. 

tent les flatteurs, out souvent a s'en repentir. 3. Ce qui and ce que are expressed in English 

52. Avoid all the inversions by which the sub- by what^ and that wkieh—Qui directs the verb, 

ject of the verb is parted from its relative, and, and que is governed by it. Ex. Ge que voiu dites. 

by the means of the demonstrative pronouns, or Ge qui me plait. 


1. The verb agrees with its subject, m person 
and number. Ex. Je parte, tu danses, il chante, 
elle brode, on s' amuse, mon frere demeure a 
Bath ; nous jouons, vous ^tudiez, ils dessinent, 
elles travaillent, mon oncle et ma tante viennent 

2. The subject beir^ sometunes far from its 

verb, try to find it, before you write a sentence, 
and you will avoid many errors. , £«. Lebon 
ehanoine^ s'imaginant qu'un si grand m^decin ne 
pouvoit faire de faux raisonnemens, se laissa 
saigner sans resistance. I>Q7i Mphonse^ aprds 
avoir recu ses patentes, partit de Madrid avec sa 


3. Many nouns, in the singular, connected as 
the subject of a verb, will have that verb in the 
piural number. Ex. Sa douceur, sa politesse, 
sa franchise, et son savoir lui font trouver des 
amis par-tout on ii va. Yotre insolence, votre 
grossieret^, votre duplicity et votre p^danlerie 
fatiguent tons ceux que vous fr^quentez. 

When we conclude an enumeration of objects, 
the words tout and rien may determine the verb 
to the singular, and give a lively turn to the sen- 
tence. Ex. M6ts simples, rago&ts, chair, poisson, 
legumes, tout est bon quand on a faim. Gestes, 
soupirs, regards, pens^es, rien n^^chappe k la ja- 

4. After adverbs of quantity, such as beaueoup^ 
peuy tant, &c. and after collective nouns, such as 
la plupartj novubre^ sorte^ espece, troupe, &c. fol- 
lowed by a noun plural, tlie verb becomes plu- 
ral. Ex. Beaucoup de personnes sont capables 
dc faire une action sage ; raais bien pen savent 
faire une action g^ndreuse. (Jn petit nombre 
d'amis lui resterent. Tant de fantaisies devien- 
nent ennuyantes, &c. 

5. When two verbs come together, if the se- 
cond has no subject, it is to l>e put in the infini- 
tive ; whether the sign to be prefixed to it or not. 
Ex. Voulez-vous me prater votre dictionnairel 
Je n'ose lui parer.— J^allai sur le ch&mp descen- 
drc k une hdtellerie pres du ch&teau. 

6. If the first verb is the auxiliary to have^ or 
to be, the second verb must be used in the parti- 
ciple. Ex. Ii a abus6 de mon amiti^. rfous 
avons vendtt nos chevaux. Vous 6tes arriv6 trop 
tard. lis seront s^verement punia 

7. When to be expresses a necessity, or an in- 
tention, it is rendered by devoir, with the second 
verb in the infinitive. Ex. Devez-vous partir ce 
soirl Nous devons alter demain k Windsor. 

8. J], de, and pour. A verb, or a noun, may 
govern another verb in the infinitive, either with 
a, de, and pour, or sometimes without any pre- 

i). Jl ha used before an infinitive— when to- 
might be expressed hy in with a gerund— to ex- 
press an inclination to something— to denote 
employment, oeeupation, iw«— when the verb has 
a passive turn which is or might l>e rendered by 
to be into English.— £a;. 11 se plait k dessiner. 
Je m* amuse k Retire et k lire— J'aime k conver- 
ser. Vous dispoeez-vous a partir pour Oxfordi 
Elle 6*attache k vous plaire en Unit. II m*en- 
seigne k jouer du vioion. Vous m'autorisez k 
vous parler sincdrement. G'est une aflfblrs k 
Toufl miner. Cela m'aide k vivre. Ce cheval me 
sert a tirer et k porter.— VoiI& des fhiits bona k 

cueiUir. Sa compagnie est k dviter. Cette guerra 
est difficile k soutenir. 

10. De is used before an infinitive, when to 
may be supplied by of or from with a gerund. 
Ex. Vous m'empdchez de travailler. J'eus bien 
tdt une autre occasion d'employer mon credit. 
Ne vous lassez pas de vous montrer a la cour. 
J'afi'ectai de recevoir ses ordres d'un air gta- 

11. Pour before a verb, determines the cause 
or the end of an action, and commonly answers 
to in order to in English. Ex. J*interrompis 
mon secretaire pour lui demander, ou il avoit 
pris ces livres. Ii ne fera jamais rien pour voua 
obliger. Nous delations souvent de rire, moin» 
pour applaudir a ses saillies que pour nous en 

12. Some verlis |ovem the infinitive witlmut 
any preposition before it. The most usual are 
oiler, venir, devoir, oser, paroUre, sembter, pon- 
voir,faUoir, vouloir, croire, compter, daigner, Sec 
Ex. Allez diner. Venez me voir. Je dois 6crir« 
k votre frdre Osez-vous me repondre de l9 
sorte? Vous paroissez vous ennuyer. Je pour 
rols me passer de lui. II faut savoir se taire. Js 
ne veux plus le voir. Je sals vivre de peu. 

13. The infinitive is elegantly used, without • 
preposition; sometimes as the subject of th« 
sentence ; and sometimes witli the ellipsis of th« 
verb which governs it- Ex. Mourir n'est rien, 
quand on a bien vdcu. S'occuper de fetes et d« 
danses, quand les pauvres meurent de faim, e'est 
insulter a Thumanitd. Moi ! revoir cet lioimne ! 
Jamais. Vous ! ramper sous cet ignorant San- 
grado ! N'en lUtes rien. 

INDICATIVE. 1. Let us observe that th« 
English turn of the verb to be, joined to a ge- 
rund, must be avoided in French. Ex. I ain 
writing ; he was dancing, we were dining, &c. 
— J'dcris ; il dansoit, nous dinions— Or, with the 
preposition <i ; Je suis a 6crire; il 6toit a dan- 
ser; nous ^toins k diner.— But nover: Je suis 
^crivant, &x. 

3. The vresent in English answers to the pre- 
sent in French. Ex. Je travaille. je vois quel, 
ques amis, est je t&che de me crmre heureux. 

3. The present tense elegantly suppUes the 
preterite, in lively descriptions ; and sometimes 
it represents the future. Ex. La fureur qui 
animoit cet audacieux, excita la mienne. Je 
m'avance pour ie punir, et nous commencons tin 
rude combat. Dona Helena et sa suivante en- 
tendent le bruit des 6p6es; elles poussent de 
grands cris, qui obligent les valets k se lever, 
fis sont bientdt sur pied, et Ua acceurent pou 


lipBrer les combattans ; mais ite aniv^rent trqp 
lard.— Je pars demain, avez-vous quelques or- 
irea k me doiiner ? La poste arrive ce soir ; at- 
tendez-vous des lettres. 

4. The future is generally used in French as 
in English. — JEx. La philosopbie ^clairera les 
bommes ; lis cesseront enfin d*6tre -tigres. Nos 
petita-nereux se demanderont ce qu'on appeloit 
Kidats dans le dixneuvi^me si^cle, et I'hnmanit^ 
leur fera veraer des larmes, en lisant notre liia- 

5. The preterite indefimte^ or compound of the 
piesent (j^ai aivU^ fat /Ens, &c.) denotes an ac- 
tion which has happened in the dfay in which we 
gpeak — or, in a time past, but not specified— or, 
bi a time past, but which holds to a period still 
existing. — Ez. J'ai d^jeun^ cc matin avec votre 
soeor, et nous avons beaucoup parl6 de vous. 
J'ai vu votre frdre il y a quelques jours ; j'ai 
toajouiB dit que I'inconstance seroit la cause 
de sa mine ; il m'a souvent promis de s'appUquer, 
mais il ne m'a jamais tenu parole. J'ai eu la 
6kvte aa ccHnmencement da printems. J'ai dSn^ 
deux fois avec votre pdre aana Ic cours de ce 
mois. Nous avons en bien des revolutions pen- 
dant ce sidcle.— Here the tune of the fever, &c. 
is really past ; but the whole of the spring, of the 
week, and of the century, is not elapsed, when I 
am speaking ; therefore such a time is considered 
jost as the day in which I exist. 

6. The imperfect {faimois^ je finiesots^ &C.) 
expfesses an action begun before the time we now 
briog to our consideration, and finisked we know 
not when—KX an action expressed as habitual— 
or an action which might have been heibittuUf if 
Dothing bad hindered it from taking place. Ex. 
Poursuivis par les Maures, ces infortun^s vivoient 
■or les naootagnes, ou demeuroient dans des sou- 
terrains — J'appercus des cuisiniers qui {Nr^pa- 
Toient un festiu. Geux-d mettoient des couverts, 
ceux-Ii lenaplissfnent de vin des cruches de terre, 
et les aatres toumoient des broches, oA 11 y avoit 
toQtes sortes de viandes.— Richelieu resplroit la 
baoteor et la vengeance ; Mazarin ^toit souple 
et avaie^Si les hommes 6toie»t plus sages, s'ils 
TivDJent en frdres, s'ils savoient appr6der tous 
les avantages de la paix, la guerre eesseroit bien- 
tftt d'evrcer ses fureuis. 

7. The preterite or definita tense, ( j*atma<, je 
rtfUBt i« vine* &C.) daKites an action begun and 
JbutJlMi in a time entirely past and speci&Ml. Ex. 
Horn vlmes akMB sortir da viOage et entrer dans 
laplainet nagnuid concoarB de personnes ; c'dtoi- 
ent lea deux 6poux. Nous ali^mes au-dcvant 
u*eax, et Diego se fit connoitre. Des cris de joie 

s'^lev^rent dans rasserobl^o, et chacim a'em 
preasa de courir a lui. Nous pass&mes .a nuit 
dans ce bourg, et nous partimes de lenaemain 
pour Cuenca. 

*4»* An those tenses are very puzzling to begin- 
ners, let us explain them further. 

In any narration a time of action is chosen, 
which time the speaker supposes present; and 
all the actions that bappen tAen, and finish tAen, 
are to be related in a preterite tense— The ac- 
tions which existed before .the time chosen for 
the narration, and are supposed to continue ex- 
isting during that time, are to be de€cribed in 
the imperfect tense. The actions which have 
happened before the time chosen for the narra- 
tion, but without our knowing precisely when 
they have happened, are to be related in a pre- 
terite indefinite— By which it appears that the 
Imperfect describes; the Preterite indefinite re 
latcSf without markins any time ; and the Pre- 
terite relates a series of focts past in a time spe- 
cified, and made now present 

\* Let the beginner try to apply tlie preced- 
ing definitions and remarks to the following paA 

J*6tois dans cette disposition, quand j'appercus 
dans le jardin un paysan qui me regardoit avec 
attention. Je crus que c'^toit un jardinier: je 
I'envisageai, et je m'imaginai reconnoitre le 
malheureux Alvar. Je poussai un grand crL 
J'^tois seule avec Ines qui avoit le plus de part 
a ma confiance ; je lui dis le soupcon qui m'agi- 
toit.— EUe descendit au jardin, et peu de tems 
apr^s je la vis rentrer fort 6mue. C'est Don Al- 
var. me dit-elle. Comme je pouvois le recevoir 
a riieure m^me, parce que le Marquis ^toit i 
Burgos, je charaeai ma suivante de I'amener, 
Je m'^vancuis des qu'il entra. Eassurez-vous, 
Madame, me dit-il, je suis instruit de toutes les 
persecutions que vous avez soufiertes. On a r^- 
pandu Ic bruit de ma mort, et vous I'avez cru, 
pacce qu'aucune lettre de ma part ne vous assu- 
roit du contraire. Je sais de quelle mardere vous 
avez vdcu, et que la necessity, plut6tque I'amour 
vous a jetee dans les bras du Marquis. 

SUBJUNCmVE. We have bejre two ques- 
tions to examine. The l*t.— When is the sub- 
junctive to be used in French ? The 3d.— What 
is the correspondence between the tenses of the 
indicative, and those of the subjunctive ? 

Some conjunctions, all compounded of gue^ al- 
ways require the subjunctive; for which, see 
puffe xxxvi. But que, by itiself, somctinies re- 
quiting the subjunctive, and sometimes not, we 
must examine the cause of that variation. 

1. After all verba (cither teith or trnthout a ne- 
gation) expressing dovAt, fear^ iomA, uncertainty ^ 
command^ necessity; or indeed any passion^ af- 
fection^ or desire of the mind, que governs the 
subjunctive. Ex, Je doute qu'il vienne. Je 
crains qu'il n'y aille. Je voudrois qu'ils fusaent 
partis. II est possible qu'elle parte sans vous le 
dire. Je suia surpris qu'iis vous aient pari6 de 
la sorte. U faat que je sorte tout-a-i*heuro. O 
seroit f&cheux que les ministres n'adoptassent 
pas ce plan. J'admire qu'il dorme si tranquiilc. 
Je serois bien-aise que nous les batUasions. Sup- 
poaons que ce bruit vienne k se r^pandre ; que 
ferez-vous? La pluie emp^cha qu'on ne 8*ali4t 
promener. U est a propos, il est uecessaire, 11 est 
juste quo j* aille le voir. 

2. After all verbs (without an interrogaJtufn 
or a negation) declaring neither doubt, fear^ &c. 
out merely expressing certainty and beliefs the 
conjunction que governs the indicative. JEx. Je 

* crois qu'il viendra. Je r^pondis que j'avois tort. 
Nous vimes qu' ils nous trompoient. Je demeure 
d'accord qu'elle salt <^mouvoir les spectateors. 
Nous sentimes que nous avions affaire 4 un ha^ 
bile homme. 

3. But, if such verbs are used either interroga^ 
lively or negatively^ que governs generally the 
subjunctive. Ex. Je ne crois pas qu'il puisse 
r^ussir. Pensez-vous que la paix se faase cet 
hiver t D n'est pas certain que vous puissiez lui 
parler. Aumit-on cru que des hommes librea 
eusaent voulu se liguer contre la Ubert6 ? 

•;„• r say generally J because it aometimes hap- 
pens that que does not require the subjunctive, 
after a verb used either interrogatively or TUga- 
tivchf.—ThiB distinction requires some care and 
judgment.— If the interrogation or negation sup- 
poses uncertainty^ then que requires the sub- 
junctive ; but, in the contrary case, que requires 
the indicative. 

Indeed, ttiis remark might serve as a general 
rule for the use of the subjunctive in any case, 
but it would perhaps be supposing too much 
grammatic£d accuracy in young people. 

4. Qui, que, dont, ou, or any relative pronoun, 
serving to connect a verb with a relative super* 
lative, such asle plus sage, la plus sage, ice 
will have that verb in the subjunctive. Ex. G'est 
la plus belle femme que je connoiaae. Vous parlez 
du plus grand roi qui ait jamais exists. Un veri- 
table ami est le tr^sor le plus pr6cieux dont on 
puisse jouir. II s'agit des affaires les plus d6- 
licates oil jamais ministra ae aoit troavd en 

By a oonfleqaence of the pieeeding rule, 


quiy que, dont, &e. generally require the subjutie- 
tive after seul, unique, premier, dernier, personnel 
&c. when they have the foA^e (tf a superlative. 
Ex. C'est le seul homme qui nous ait obliges. 
G'est r unique moyen-qui puiase les convaincrc 
de leur folie. Ces deux ministres sondes pre- 
miere qui aint calculi de sang-froid les ressoureea 
de la fraude et de I'infamie. G'est le dernier 
remede auquol vous puissiez avoir recount. Vona 
ne trouverez peraonne qui vous soit plus sincere- 
ment attach^. Quelquee efforts que vous faasiez. 
Je n'en ai parl4 k qui que ce stnt. 

6. When after si, que is used in the sense of 
si, it requires the subjunctive. Ex. Bi vous en-* 
trez dans son jardin, et que vous y fassiez le 
nxundre d^gcLt, vous le mettrez de mauvais hu- 

7. In many cases tiie subjunctive is used, with- 
out having any word to govern it ; but, it is al- 
ways easy to perceive that a wish, a condition, 
or a supposition is understood. Ex. Puissiez 
vous n' avoir jamais besoin des m^chans! (/ 
loisk.) Eussies-vous la patience de Socrate, cet 
homme votw la feroit jteTdre— I suppose. 

After having exj^ained when the subjunctive 
is to be used, let us see what correspondence 
exists between the indicative and the subjunc- 
tive. That is. when the indicative in Engliab, 
is to be put in the subjunctive in French, to 
which of the tenses of the French subjunctive 
goes each of the tenses of the English indicative. 

1. The present andthe^fwreof the indicative 
go to the prMAlU of the subjunctive Ex. Jene 
croia pas qn'il le fosse exiK^a-Je ne croSs paa 
qu'il le fosse expr^s—I do not befieve he does ft — 
or vill do it on purpose. 

2. The imperfect and preterite definite of the 
indicative, and likewise ttie conditional, goto the 
definite of the subjunctive. Ex. duoique je ne 
crusse pas ce qu'il me disoit— Je ne savois paa 
que vous/tt«nez amis— Suppose que nous dUow 
wissions leur coquinerie— Though I did not he- 
Uene what he said. I did not know you were 
friends. Suppose we shouid discover their 

3. The compound tenses follow the order of 
the simple teiuMss. That is-the compoond of 
the present and fiUure t>f Uie indicative, go to the 
compound present of the subj.— The compound 
of toe impeifeet, d^nite, and eonditienal of the 
indicative, go to the compound desfinite of the 
subj. Ex. Q.uoiqu'il ait lu bien des livres, i! ne 
salt rien. Croyez-vous qu'il ait eu Pimpradenco 
d'en parier 1 Je ne m'imai^ois pas qu'ils vous 
en eueeent parU, Je ne croyola pas quo vooa 


tuuUt v0t6 poor Itti. II aoioitflbohaitd que nous 
ouaiens vu son jardin. 

PARTICIPLES. There are two sorts of par- 
ticiples ; one is called gerund or participle active, 
always ending in ant; and the other is called 
participle past — ^The former we simply call ge- 
natd in the foUowing observatioiis, and the latter 

L Tiie gerund is always indeclinaUe. Ex. 
George vatjant uiie rose, voalat la cudllir ; C6- 
cile voyant une rose, &x. Dthe et Caroline voy- 
ant one rose, voulurent la cueillir ; Guillaume et 
CoDslanlia voyant une rose, vouiuient la cueillir. 

There are some gerunds and adjectives which 
are spelt alike ; but the a4iectiveB are declinable, 
and the gerunds suffer no change. Ex, C'est 
uoe homme charmsmt; c'est une femme char- 
manie— Cleopatre c<mquit C^sar en le charmant. 
A. little practice will soon clear up the difference. 
We shall only observe here-that the adjective may 
with sense go before or after its substantive; 
whereas the gerund cannot be transposed. 

2. We use the gerund as seldom as we can in 
French, and above all, in the same sentence ; it 
makes it appear stiff and affected— But, avoid 
tarefttUy the English turn that permits to use 
the gerund with an article, or a pronoun. It is 
very bad French— In isuch a case, make use of 
a noun, cm- of a tense of the verb, fitted to the 
sentence you have to trandate. Practice, in this, 
will go much farther than any rule ; but, how- 
ever, we shall give you here lome examples to 
direct your style. Ex- I think that your speak- 
ing to my father, would be useful to you— Je 
crois que si vous pariiez a mon pere, vous vous 
en trouveriez bien. Je crois qu'en parlant & 
mon pdre, &c Si vous consultez vos intdr^tB, 
vous. parierez & mon p^re. Again; after his 
having given us that account, he melted into 
lears— Apres nous avoir (ledt ce detail, il fondit 
en larmea. II nous fit ce detail, et it fondit 

aussitdt en larmes. n ne nous eat pas platAt fkit 
ce detail qu'il fondit ea larmes. Again; my 
being poor and your being rich, is no reason for 
your insulting rA«— Puree que je suis pauvre et 

Sue vous 6tes riche, il ne s'ensuit pas que vous 
eviez m'insulter. II est vrai que je suis pauvre, 
et que vous dtes riche ; mais cela ne vous donne 
pas le droit de mUnsulter. Parce que je suis 
pauvre, et que vous 6tes riche, croyez-vous avoir 
le droit de m'insulter 1 

*« * Remember that a verb may have twoobjects 
—One direct; that is, without any preposition— 
The other indirect; that is, witli the preposition 
& (X dcj expressed or understood. En always 
implies de, and y always hnplies a. 

3. The participle conjugated with kre has a 
passive meaning, and altoays agrees, in gender 
and number, with the subject of the verb. Ex. 
Hon fr^re est chiri et resjecte; xna sceur est 
chirie et respeetie; mes fr^res sont chdris et ^ 
respectis; mes soBurs sont (juries et respecties. ^ 
Ces hommes ont ^xA reprimawdies et punis; ces 
ferames ont 6t6 reprimandies et punis — By the 
last examples you may perceive that when iti is 
joined to any of the tenses of the verb avot'r, 
with another participle, the meaning is passive, 
and the second participle is considered aa being 
conjugated with itre. 

4. *The participle conjugated with avoir has 
an active meaning, and agrees in gender and 
number with its direct object^ when that direct 
object precedes the participle ; but, if the direct 
object follows the participle, or if the object is 
not direct^ the participle remains indeclinable— 
Nk B. Le, la, les, que— me, te, se, nous, vous (not 
implying a, moi, a toi, &c.) represent the direct 
object— ka^ y, lui, leur, dont, &;c.— me, te, se, 
nous, vous {implying k or de, as de mot, k moi^ 
&c.) represent the indirect object i^ the participle. 
Ex. Mon p&re a vu les chevaux que vous avez 
aeketes. Ma m^re, a re^ les pommes que vous 

* This rule is easy to be understood, but its 
principle often perplexed me, when I tried to 
account for that transition, apparently arbitrary, 
from declinability to indeeltnability and vice ver- 
$d. 1 b^ leave for a moment, to turn from ray 
plan, and venture a remark, which, I think, has 
never been made on this subject. If I am wrong, 
I shall only have lost some lines. 

The participie is so called, because it partici- 
pates of the properties of an adjective, and of 
those of a v&b ; being variable through genders 
and nnmbos, like the former; and regarding 
time, motion, and passion, like the latter. 

When the participle is before its direct object, 
nothing is there to limit its rights as a verb ; it 
helps to lead the sentence, throws its action in 
full on the ol^ect, and is not at all submitted to 
it; therefore it must then remain indeclinable. 
Ex. J'ai reeu votre lettre; j'ai refu vos lettres. 

But, when the du-ect object precedes the parti- 
ciple, the former announces the sentence, partly 
leads it, has a primary action on the participle, 
which thus loses its rights as a verb, becomes an 
adUective, and follows the gender and number 
of the noun that commancb It Ex. La lettre 
que j*ai refue; les lettres que j'ai repus. 


lui avez envoyies; eUe iD*«n a donni deux daw 
laines. J'ai /« avec attention la Uttre que vous 
m'avez Urite. Ma soeur a rdrouvi lea gants 
qa'elle avoit igaree. Les affturee dont vous 
Ui'avez parte ne r^uBsiront pas. 

5. S^etre^ in reflected and reciurocal verbs, has 
the signification of avoir^ and follows the same 
rules. Ex. Mon f^re se seroit exeusi; ma soeur 
se seroit excusie; mes fr^res »e seroient exettsis; 
mes soBuis se seroient es^euseee — U ae seroit aUiri 
la Aatnc, &c. lis «0 seroient attiri la Aatn«, &c. 
Elles se seroient attiri la haiiUy &c— La Aatne 
gtM votre fr^re se seroit attirie; ies ennemia jits 
votre soeur se seroit attiris. 

6. £<« and fallu are invariable — And so are 
the participles of verbs used impersonally. Ex. 
Get homme a iti ce que vous 6tes ; cette femme 
a iti, ces fcmmcs ont 6ti^ &c. — Les grandes cha- 
leurs qu'tZ a fait, cut caus6 beaucoup de mala- 
dies; les grandes chaleurs qu'tl y a eu—Bnt I 
should write : Les grandes dipcnses qu'iZ {sotoc- 
body) a faitcs; Les grandes chaleurs que nous 
avons eues—Ilf in the two first examples, stands 
for no real agent, and thus the verb is imper- 

sonal; but il and noua* In the other erainpleiit 
are real agents; and, the verb ceasing thus t* 
be impersonal, the rule. No. 4, remainsln fotce, 

7. In the following sentences, and in any sen- 
tence of the like construction, the participle ii 
indeclinable, because it has no object to Sjgree 
with, the object being governed by an infinitive 
which follows, either expressed or understood. 
Ex. La montre mte j'aurois voulu, que j'aurois 
pu, que j'aurois d& acheter. La iefon que vous 
avez commence d'itudier. Je lui ai rendu tous 
lea aervieea ;«« j*ai pu (lui rendre is understood) 
EUe ne s'est pas donn^ toutes les peinea qu'cUe 
auroit dii (se domur is understood.) 

8. Some grammarians have pretended that 
the participle should be indeclinable, when the 
subject follows the verb, or when the participle 
is immediately joined to an adjective, which 
agrees witli the direct object. Thus, they would 
write— Les or drea qu^a donn6 le rot. Cette r6- 
publique que ses ennemis ont rendu puisaante — 
Write donnea rendue, to agree with ordrea and 
rqiublioue. Our best authors now follow, in such 
cases, trie general rule. 

OP THE VERBS c^est and il est; ily a; Ufait; il faut. 

1. Cest^ c'etoity &c. are commonly used— Be- 
fore a substantive, either single, or joined to an 
adjective— Before an adjective preceded or fol- 
lowed by an adverb, or its equivalent— Before 
an adverb alone — Before pronouns ; and before 
a verb in the infinitive. Ex. Cest un m^decin; 
c'^toit le laquais de ma sceur ; c'est une jolie 
femme ; c'est une femme charmante— Ce seroit 
trop imprudent ; e'est fait k merville — C'est assez ; 
c'dst demain qu'il doit venir— C'est elle qui me 
I'a dit. C'est nous qui sommes les agresseurs — 
C'est vouloir se predre que d'attaquer ces gens4&. 

2. With tne same verbs, il is commonly used 
before an adjv;ctive without substantive ; and be- 
fore a substantive without article. Ex.W est 
prudent de ne pas Uop compter sur Tavenir. D 
est tems de diner. — D est midi a ma montre — 
We say; c'est vrni, c'est bon, &;c. in sentenced 
without a regimen, by way of answer, or as a 
remark, in a familiar manner of speaking— C0 is 
then a real abbreviation of ccla. 

3. With these same" verbs, when a substantive 
is taken adjectively, we make use of iL, elle^ ils^ 
ellesj according to the number. Ex. II est m^- 
decin ; elie est comtesse ; lis sont soldats ; elles 
sont duchesses. Elle est fille (unmarried)— C^ est 
la fille de Mr. Blair ; c'est la duchesse de. Sec. &c. 

4. When ce is followed by a noun or a pro- 
noun in the third person plural, the verb may be 

either singular or plural, but ce does not change; 
However, when a question is asked, tlie verh 
must remain in the singular. Ex. C'est eux, ot 
ce sont eui qui ont gagn^ la victoire. Ce sera 
les Espagnols, or ce seront les Espagnols qui y 
perdront— Est-ce^ux qui ont gagn6 la victoire t 
Sera-ce les Espagnols qui y perdront ? 

5. Jt is, followed by tottA, is rendered into 
French by il ne est^ with de, or its equivalent. 
Ex. II en est de vous comme de moi. II en est, 
apr6s la mort, du pauvre comme du riche. 

6. // y a, il y avoit, &c. see page xxviii.— This 
verb does not vary in French as it does in Eng- 
lish ; it is always in the third person singular. 
Ex. II y a de bonnes gens dans tous les pays. D 
y a trop de poivre dans ce ragout. 

7. II esty &c. is sometimes elegantly used in- 
stead of il y a, &c. Ex. II est des figures d'hommes 
et de femmes pour qui la toilette ne pent rien. 

8. II fatty il faisoit, &c. This verb is the trai ,- 
lation of it is, it was, &c in English, to denote 
the disposition and nature of the air and of the 
weather, and of the ways. Ex. 11 fera beau dc- 
mam. 11 a fait froid aigourd'hui. II fait crottd ; 
the roads are dirty— -It likewise extends to the 
nature and disposition of places, with the help 
of an adjective. Ex. II ftiit cher vivre & Lon> 
dres. II feroit bon en Italic, si le gouvemement 
y 6toit molns despotique. 


9. H fautf il faUaiti &c. see page zxYiu.— avoid carefully the paauve voice either bv m«k- 
This verb is not impeiBonal in Engliah, and it ing use of on with the verb devoir, or, in ren- 
is alwajTB so in FcenciL Hence the constant dering«»fr;«cC in French, the word which Is «Maet 
laiatake of yonng beginnes. who, instead of in English ; or, by any other active turn. Ex.Tbm 
uying^Il faut que j*aille & liondres. II faudra laws must be obeyed— On droit ob^ir aux lois ; 
que vous soyez de retour k quatre heurea— •■"-•■• ■ • 
would «ay; Je faut, nous faut, &c. It is a gross 

10. This verb, il fhut, &c when used before 
to kavCf is rendered into French by placing have 
in the subjunctive with que ; or, more eletcantly, 
by inserting a personal pronoun. Ex. I must 
have money, &c. H ftiut que j'aie de Targent ; 
Ufaut que vous ayez de Targent; il fautqu'ils 
airat de r argent, &c Or, still better: II me 
faut de r argent : il vous fout de Targent ; ii leur 
faut de rargent, &c. 

IL In such sentences as the foOowIng one. 

il fautob^ir aux lois; ob^issons aux lols; nous 
devons ob^ir aux lois. 

12. Indeed, I had almost said ; Altea$» avoid 
the passive voice in F)reneh. The French lan- 
guage bears it with great difficulty, and, when 
we cannot bring a verb to an active sense, we 

Sve it an active appearance by lending a re- 
active form to the verb. Ex. Lo vin se vend 
trois chelins la boute ille. 11 se trouve des gens 
que rien ne pent contenter. Cela ne peut se 
faire.— The passive sense ia so frequently used 
in English, that beginners are long before they 
can unfetter their style. 
On prqitositionSf ConjunetionSf Adverbs^ ^e. ^c. 
*J* We hope the reader has not neglected to future, in French, instead of the present. Ex. 
Btudy attentively all the inractlcal sentences ttom Quand vous sortiret., vous ferrez bieu de prendre 

p. XXXV. to xxxix. We have only room here 
some remarks. 

L Prepositions do not always correspond in 
French and in En<;lish. I mean ; toitk cannot al- 
ways be translated by aoec^ nor of hyde^ &c. &c. 
Ez. Je suis cpntent de vous ; je pensois d vous — 
I am satistied wit/i you ; I was thinking of you 
—Some of them are not even expressed at all. 
Ez. Nous 6tions seuls— We were by ourselves. 
—Be careful in translating and composing ;, con- 
sult your dictionary, and you will soon write 
witbont Anglicisms. 

2. The verb of a supposition, affected by the 

un parapluie ; when you^g^o out, &c. you wiUj &c. 
duand je saurai dessiner, je ferai votre portrait ; 
when / knoWi &c. / tot'U, &c.— The same remark 
stands good for any conjunction equivalent to 
when, as aussitot que des que^ &C. 

4. The adverbs, in French, are comm<mly 
placed after their verbs ; and, in compound ti 

between tlie auxiliary verb and the participle. 

Ex. Vous ne venez jamais me vob:. Je n'ai pas 

encore appris ma le9on. 
5. When jamais, toujovrs, and souvent meet 

another adverb, place them first. Ex. Nous 

, . sonunes souvent ensemble. D ne parle Jamais 

conjunction, si, can, in French, be neither in the trop. Comportez-vous toujours poUment 
future nor the conditionaL Ex. Si vous me 6. Never place <Moez,e}totf^A, after its substan- 
pritez, (or, si vous voulez me prater) votre livre, tive, as they do in English. Ex. Vous n*avez 
je vous pr6terai le mien. Si votre fr^re venoit pas assez de patience. J*ai assez de livres, mais 
(or, si votre fr^re vient) avant cinq beures, priez je n'al pas assez de terns pour les lire, 
le de m'attendre.— ffe may say; Je ne sals s'il 7. Ji moins que, de crainte que, devour que, will 
viendra. Je ne sals s'il le pourroit— But then have ne with the verb, which, in English, is not 
the supposition affects another part of the sen- negative, and ne pas, when the verb is negative, 
teoce— Suppose que je P invite, je ne sais s'il Ex. Amoinsqu'il ne vienne; d moins qu'Uwo 
vlpodra, je ne sais s'U viendroit, &c. On the vienne poo. De crainte qu'ilne vienne ;de crainte 
contrary, in the first examples the supposition qu'il ne vienne pas; de peur qu'il ne vienne; de 
falls on the very verbs affected by ?»— Suppose peur qu'il ne vienne |iao. Unless he eomes unless 
qoe vous me prfitiez, &c. je vous pr^teral, &c. he should not come, &c. 

3. fVhen, before a present tense, and fdlowed 8. We apply the same rule to the verbs ex- 
by a present tense, has the same construction in pressing fear, risk, and hindrance, followed by 
French and English.— £x. Quand il vlent, il est que, (with the restriction. No. 9.)— jEz. Je crains 
toujours pres86 ; when he comes, he is, &c.— But qu'il ne vienne; ie crains qu'il ne vienne pas; 
this same coi\}unction tcAcw, before a present in J'appr^hendequ'U ne vienne; J'apprehende qu u 
Eagliafa, and followed by a future, must have a ne vienne poe, &c. 


0. After a comparative (of amerioritif or i^fe- 
rioritfy) which is expreased in French by plus, 
moinsj avtre, autrement^ or their equivalent, 110 
is preozed to the second verb, when the first verb 
is (^rmativey or interrogative with a negation, 
Ex. Elle est plus riche que vous ne pensiez. 
N'est-oUe pas plus riche que vous ne pensiez. 

But, if the first verb is negative^ or ijOerroga- 
live toithout a negation^ ne must not be used. 
Kx. Elle n'est pas moins belle que sa soeur 
r^toit. Est-elie moins belle que sa soeur l*6toit 1 

The same rule is true for verbs expressing 
feary risk^ or hinder ance.— Ex. Je crainsqu*il ne 
vienne. Ne craignez-vous pas qu'il ne vicnne % — 
Je ne crains pas qu'il vienne. Craignez-vous 
qu'il vienne?— J'emp^cherai qu'il ne vienne. 
N'empficherez-vous pas qu'il ne vienne 1—Je 
n'emp^cherai pas qu'il vienne. Empdcherez- 
vous qu'il vienne? 

Le is sometimes added to ne; it is a point of 
taste which cannot be felt without practice. Ez. 
Elle est i^us riche que vous ne le pensiez. N'est- 
elle pas moins belle que ne I'^toit sa sceur ? 

As some very respectable grammarians give 
it as a rule (without exception) that ne is always 
used after a comparative, we think it necessary 
to refer the readers (if they should entertain any 
doubt) to Mr. Salmon's Complete System, where 
they will find the rules supported by the authority 
of the French .Academy, yoltaire, JUarivauXf 

10. When a verb used negatively, is in the in- 
finitive, ne and pas come together before that 
verb. £x. J'aime mieux ne pas 6tre riche que 
de faire des bassesses. II est impossible de ne pas 
d6tester les tyrans. 

11. Ao, as an answer, is non in French ; and 
not thaty as xi conjunction, is rendered by non 
muy or non pas que, with the subjunctive. Ex. 
Voudriez-vous fttre roi, lui dit Cleobule ? Non, 
r^pondit-U, j'aime trop la vertii. J'6vilc la cour ; 
non pap que jc haissc la soci6l6, roais je d6teste 
les flatteurs. Nous ne nous voyons plus ; non que 
nous soyons ennemis, mais nos humeurs ne s' ac- 
cordant pas. 

12. Point denies more strongly than pasj and 
both require the preposition de before their re- 
gimen. Ex. U n'a point d'amls. II n'a pas 
d' argent. 

13. If an adverb follows the negation, pas must 
be used; because point denies absolutely, and 
consequently cannot be limited by an adverb 
Ex. Je ne vols pas souveiit votre fr^re. Vous 

Now, I leave my young readers to abler hands, 
lets to them. 

n'avez pas beaucoup d'arbres firuftkn dans votn 

14. When ni is repeated in a sentence, in the 
sense of etTAer, or, and nor, join ne to the preced- 
ing verb in French. Ex. Je ne suis ni l)(^mo- 
crate, ni Aristocrate ; jo suis honnftte hooune. Je 
ne me plais ni & chasser, ui a jouer, ni a boire ; 
J'aime k converscr. 

15. After the verbs pouvoiry savoir^ oser, and 
cesser, ne is commonly used without pas.— Ex, 
D n'ose paroitre en public. Nous ne pouvonc 
r^sister k la calomnic. Je ne sals ce qu'il veut 
dire. Ce pauvre homme ne cesse de se rendre 

16. Neither pa« iu>r point can appear in a sen- 
tence with ja»taM,p{iM, nt, aueun, nuZ, personnc, 
qui que ce soit, rien, quoi que ce soit, quelconque^ 
when they are used as negative terms. Ex. II 
ne fhut jamais se fier aux ra^chans. Nous ne 
voyons plus votre soeur. lis n'ont ni aigent, ui 
amis. Je o'ai lu aucun des livrcs que vous 
m'avez envoys. Vous n'avez nuilc exactitude. 
Personne ne le salt Je ne ledls a personne. Je 
viens du pare ; je n'y ai vu qui que ce soit de 
ma connoissance. C'est un homme qui n'aime 
rien, qui ne sc soucie de rien. Je ne lui al ja- 
mais rien dit. Us ne peuveni r^ussir & quoi que 
ce soit. 

17. Try to avoid the errors often committed in 
tlie use of the following verbs. 

JUener; to lead from the place where one is; to 
guide. Ex. Menez cet enfant a I'dcole. Mencz 
mon chevaj & I'^curie. 

.amencr; to bring to the place where one is. 
Ex. Amenez-moi cet enfant. Vous amrnera-t-il 
votre chcval? 

Emmener; to carry away. Ex. H cmmena 
deiix regimens avec lui. 

Remener; to carry back. Ex. Bemenez cec en- 
fhnt a son pere. 

These four verbs generally suppose motion in 
the objects ; tliey are led and not borne. 

Porter; to carry from the place where one is. 
Ex. Portez ces livres dans ma chambre. 

J3pporter; to bring towards iJie place where 
one is. Ex. Apportez-moi du fVuit. 

Emporter; to carry away. Ex. Emportez cette 

Reporter; to carry baclE. Ex, Eeportez cca 
livres dans ma chambre. 

These four verbs generally suppose that the ob- 
jects are unable to move of themselves ; they are 
homey and not led. 
with the hope, bowevei, of not having been use- 





N. B. T%e reader is referrtd to ike Observations at the beginnrn^^ m order to tatderstand tJU 

Editor* s plan. 
For the names of remarkable 
Men, Women, Empires, Kingdoms, States, 

Republics, Islands, PeninsuJas, Provinces, Cities, 

Towns, Mountains, Volcanoes, Promontories, Capes, 

Seas, Gulfs, Bays, Straits, Bivcra^ 

Ancient and modem Nations, &c. see the Supplement at the End. 


Asnuan A. 
, A, pr. to, at, on, m'tA, «'», 
vnlUtt within, about, according 
to, far, of, against, by, after 
Abaissement, sm. abasement; 

fall; kumbling; diminution 
Abaiaser, vo. to abase; lower; 

* let down; * humble 
S'Abaisser, vr. to * faU; de- 
crease; • sink; cringe 

Abaissenr, sm, depressor 
Abalourdir, va. to stupify 
Abandon, sm. abandoning; lewd- 
Abandonn^, sm. a rake 
^ Abandonn^e, sf. prostitute 
' Abaodonn^, e. a. shameless; im- 
Abandonnement, sm. abandon- 
ing; giving up; dereliction; 

Abandonner, va. to * forsake; 

* give over; * leave off; deli- 
ver up; * let loose; desert, 

S* Abandonner, vr. indulge one's 
sdf; despond \lumn 

Abaque, sm. Abacus, top of a co- 

Abasoorair, va. to stun 

ibatage, snk, charge of clearing 
Part I. 


Abatant, shutter, flap 

Abatardir, va. to corrupt; to mar 

8* — , vr. to degenerate 

Abatardissement, sm. corruption 

Abat-jour, sky-Ugkt 

Abattement, dejection, faininess 

Abatteur, afeUer 

Abattis, offal; rubbish; over- 
throw; pulling dovm 

Abattre, va. puU down; abate; 

S' abattre, vr. * faU down; de- 
spond; fail 

Abattu, e. a. affikted; dejected 

Abattures, sf. foiling 

Abat-vent, sm. pent-kouse of a 
steeple; fence against rain 

Abat-voiz, sm. the canopy above 
a pulpit 

Abb^c, sf. dam; ba/y 

Abbatial, a. of or 'belonging to 
an Mbot 

Abbaye, sf. abbey 

Abb6, sm. abbot 

Abbcssc, sf. abbess 

Abc^der, vn. to turn into an ab- 
scess, or tumour 

Abc^s, sm. abscess, imposikume 

Abdalas, sm. a Persian monk 

Abdication, sf. —Hon 

Abdiquer, va. to abdicate 

Abdomen, sm. abdomen 


Abdncteor, a. s. —tor 
Abduction, sf. —tion 
Ab6o6daire, 3. a. s. novice 
Ab^cher, va. to * feed birds 
Abcille, sf. a bee 
Ab^quer, va. to * feed a bird 
Aberration, sf. —lion 
Ab^tir, va. to stupify 
S'ab^tir, vr. to * grow stupid 
Ab hoc & ab hac, at random 
Abhorrer, va. to abhor, detest 
Abigeat, sm. cattle-robbery 
Abjection, sf. —tion 
Abject, te. a. abject, mean 
Abime, sm,. abyss, hell 
Abimcr, va. to destroy, to ruin 
S' — , vr. to ruin one's self 
Ab-intestat, abintestate 
Abjuration, sf. —tion 
Abjurer, va. to abjure 
Ablactation, sf. the weaning of 

an infant 
Ablatif, sm. ablative 
Abluer, va. to revive old writing 
Ablution, sf. —tion 
Abn(^gation, — tion 
Aboi, aboiement, sm. barking 
Abois, pi. point of deathf at bay 
Abolir,rato abolish; annul; ohh 

S'— , vr. to* be abolished 
Abolisscmcnt, sm- annullmg 

•2 ABB 

Abolition. «/. '-iian 
Abominaiste, 3. a. --^able 
Abominablement, ad. —biff 
Abomination, «/. — tion 
Aboiniuer, va. to abominate^ 

abhor, deteet 
Abondamment, ad. abvndantlf 
Abondance, sf. abundance. — 

AToir la come d'abottdanoe, 

to be luckp 
Abondant, e. a. abundant 
Abonder, on. to abound 
Abonnement, *m. agreement 
S'aoonner, ^r. to bargain, to 

Abonuir, v. to * make good; 

mend; improve 
S' — , vr. to • grow better 
Abord, am. access; attack; resort 
Abordable, 2. ft. accessible 
Abordage, sm. boarding 
Aborder, va. to accost; "hoard; 

land; attack; resort 
' Aborigines, sm. pi. —gines; na- 
Abomement, sm. the fixing of 

bounds, boundary 
Aborner, va. to * set boundaries^ 

to settle 
Abortif, vc. a. abortive 

, sm. abortive child 

Abouchement, conference 
Aboacher, va. to * bring per- 
sons together; to confer 
S*aboucher, vr. to confer; parley 
Abougri, e. a. stunted 
Abouquer, va. add fresh salt to 

About, sm. end, remainder 
About^, e. a. placed end to end 
Aboutir, vn. to border on end 
AboutiBsant, e. a. bordering on 
— ,8m. abutment; abuttals; limits 
Aboutiasement, sm. eking-piue; 

Aboyant, a. barking 
Aboyer, vn. to bark 
— & la lune, to bark when otu 

cannot bite 
, Aboyeur,«iR. barker; dun;elieker 
Abr^g^, abridgment .. 
Abr^ger, va. to abridge " 
Abr^iateur, sm. —tor 
Abriviation, sf. —tion 
Abreuver, to water, soak 


Abreuvoir, sm. watering-plaee 
Abreyer,va. to sheUer, keep from 
Abri, Ml. shelter, defence 
Abricot, apricot 
Abiicot6, candied apricot 
Abricotier, sm. dpricotrtru 
Abriter, va. to shelter 
Abrivent, sm. skelter from wind 
Abrogation, */. —tion 
Abroger, va, abrogate, rateal 
Abrupto, (ex) otU ofhani 
Abrutir, va. to besot 

S' , vr. to grow stupid 

Abrutiaaemeut, sm. brutishness 
Abflciase, sf. part of the axis of 

a curve 
Absence, sf. absence; roandering 
Absent, e. a. s. absent 
S*abaenter,vr. toabsent one's self 
Absinthe, sf. wormwood 
Absola,e.a. absolute; peremptory 
Absolument, ad, absolutely; 

quite; utterly 
Absolution, */. —tion 
Absolutoire, 2. a. absolutory 
Absorbant, a. s.. absorbent 
Absorber, absorb; ««cft up; 

Absorption, sf. —tion 
Abeoudre, vn. to absolve 
Absoute, sf. absolution 
Abet^me, 3. a. s. abstemious 
S'abstenir,vr. to abstain, refrain 
Absteigent, a. s. abstergent 
Absterger, va. to cleanse a wound 
Abstersif, ve. a. abstersive 
Abstersion, sf. — sion 
Abfltinence, — nenee 
Abstinent, e. a. — nent 
Abstraction, sf. — tion 
Abetraire, va. to abstract 
Abstrait, e. a. abstracted 
Abstrus, e. a. abstruse, dark 
Absurde, 3. a. absurd 
Absurdement, ad. absurdly 
Absurdity, sf. —dity 
Abus, sm. abuse; error; fraud 
Abuser, va. to abuse; to deceive 
S'-:— ^-, vr. to * mistake 
Abuseur, «m. seducer, deceiver 
Abusif, ve. a. abusive 
Abusivement, ad. abusively 
Abuter, va. to * throw who shall 

play first 


AbutiloQ, sm. c sort of wutnk- 

Ac9iilit,gooderbad tastseffiruitB 
Acacia, acacia (a tree) 
Acad^micien, member of an aco- 

Acad^mie, tf. aeademw; ga\ 

table, or hou^e; ridtng-hi 
Acad^mique, 3. a. —nueal 

Acad^miquement, ad, < 

Academiste, mi. academist 
S'acagnarder, vr. to grow slotk' 

Acajou, sm. mahogany 
Acanac^, e. a. thorny 
Acanthcj sf. brank-ursinc; 

Aearc, sm. —rus; kandworm 
Acari&tre. 3. a. peevish 
A cause de, c because that 
A cause que, becanse that 
Accablant, c. a. grievous; trow 

Accablemcnt, mi. oppression; 

faintness; heaviness 
Accabler, vn. to overwhelm; 

crush; oppress; tire 
Accaparement, sm. monopoly 
Accaparer, v. forestall; engross 
Accarer, to confront 
Acc^der, vn. to accede 
Acc^l^rateur, sm. — rotor 
Acceleration, sf. — txon 
Acceierer, va. accelerate, hasten 
Accent, sm.. accent; tune; note 
Accentuer, va. to accent 
Accentuation.^/, —tion; prosody 
Acceptable, 3. a. reasonable, 

worth accepting 
Acceptant, e. s. accepter 
Acceptation, sf. acceptance ^ 

Accepter, va. to accept; receive ^ 
Acceptcur, sm. accepter 
Acception, sf. —tion; accepta- 
tion; respect ^ 
Acces, sm. access; fits 
Accessible, 3. a. accessible 
Accession, sf. accession; increase 
Accessit, sm. the second best pre- 

Accessoire, mi. accessary 

— , a. accessary; contributing 
Accident, mi. accident; chance 
Accidentel, c. a. —dental 
AccidenteUemcnt, ad, —ally 


Aedse, «/. excise, tax 
Acdamateur, em. eommender 
Acdamation, sf. shout; Avzza 
AccUmater, va. to season 
Accointaoce, sf. favuHaritg 
Acccriser, va. to calm, stiU 
Aecolade, sf. embrace; dmkhing 
ACC0I6, e. a. joined 
Accder, va. to * clip and cull; 

* jfut together t'n a dish; add 

into one sum; join 
Accommodable, 3. a. that may 

be accommodated 
AcGommodage, sm. dressing of 

mtat; fitting up 
Acoominodaiit, e. a. good na- 

tured; complying 
Accommodation, sf. — tion 
Accommod^, e. a. weU provided 

for; drest out; fitted 

expedient; accommodation 
Accommoder, va. to accommo- 
date; to dress; fit; reconcile; 

mend; cook; use ill; * sell 
S'accommoder, vr. to * make 

much of one's self; like; agree 

with; seize upon; * be made up 
Accompagnateur, sm. one who 

Accompagnement, retinue, ac- 

Accompagner, va. to accompany; 

attend; match; escort 
S'accompagner, va. to * keqt 

company; be*aitended by 
Accomplir, va. to accomplish, 

fulfil, perform 
Accompliseement, sm. aeeom-. 

j^shment; fulfilment; fu{fiU- 

Accix}uinant, e. a. engaging; 

A'accoquioer, vr. to grow fond of 
Accoqujner, va. to entice, allure 
Accord, sm. agreement, concord 
Accordablc, 3. a. gravtahle 
AccordailJes, sf. pi. espousals 
Accordant, e. a. tunable 
Accorde, */. keep stroke 
Accord^, sm. bridegroom 
Accordbe, sf. bride ' 
Accordeur, sm. tuner of any mu- 

Mieal instrument 


Aeeoider, vo. to grant; recsneUe 
S'accorder, vr. to agree 
Accordoir, sm. a tdning key 
Accorer, va. to prop, to stay 
Accorn^, e. a. homed 
Accort, e. a. complaisant; saga' 

dous; courteous 
Accortise, sf. complaisance 
Accostable, 3. a. affable 
Accoster, va. to accost, * come up 
S* — , vr. to * ke^ company yri& 
Aocoter, va. to prop up 
8' — , vr. to lean e^ainst 
Accotoir, sm. prop 
Accoucb^e,*/. woman m childbed 
Accouchement, sm. delivery 
Accoucher, va. to* lay a woman 
-—, vn. to * be brought to bed 
Accoucbeur, sm. man-mid-wife 
Accoucheuse, sf. midwife 
8*accouder, vn. to lean on one's 

Accoudoir, sm. a leaning place 
Accouer, va. to * strike a stag 
Accouple, sf. a leash 
Accouplement, sm. copulation 
A'ccoupier, va. to couple 
Accourcir, to shorten 
S'— , vr. to * grow short 
Accourci8Bemcnt,«iR. shortening 
Accouilr, vn. to run to 
Accoutrement, sm. garb 
Accoutrer, va. to accoutre 
Acooutumance, sf. habit 
Accoutum^, e. a. accustomed; 

Accoutumer, va. to aecustom,use 
S'— , vr. to use one's self 
Accr^diter, to * ^ve esteem 
S*— , vr. to * get a name 
Accretion, sf. accretion 
Accroc, sm. rent; hook; stop 
Accroche, sf. hinderance 
Accrocber,v. to * hang on a hook; 

* catch; delay; grapple 
Accroire, (faire) to * make one 

Accroissemcnt, sm. increase; in- 
crement; growth 
Accroitre, v». to augtn^^ tit- 

S'accroupir, vr. to sguai down 
Accroupis^ment, «m* sitting 

squat down 
Accra, e. a. increased 

ACQ 8 

Accueillir, oa. to receive; * mmt- 

S*— , vr. to hire one's self 
Accui sm. straitness 
.\ccider, *put one hard to it 
S'— , to • betake one's sdf to • 

comer or waU 
Accumulation, «|: ^tien 
Accumurer, va. aceumulato 
S' — , vr. to increase 
Accusable, S. a. blameable 
Accttsateur, trice, s, accuser 
Accusadf, sm. acQtsative . 
Accusation, sf. —tion, charge 
Accusatrice, she-accuser 
Accusal sm. party accused 
Accuser, va. to accuse; indict 
Acensement, sm. teafe,/arm 
Acenser, va. to lease, * Ut out 
Acerbe, 2. a. acerb, sour 
Ac6r6, e. a. sharp; keen; acute 
Acdrer, va. to steel, temper 
Ac^t6, e. acetous, sour 
Ac^teuse, */. jorrel 
Ac^teuz, se. a. sharp, tart 
Acdtum, alcalis^, sm. distilled 

Achalander, va. to * get custom 
Achamement, sm. rage, fury 
Achamer, va. to enrage, provoke 
S'— ,vr. to * faU furiously upon 
Achat, sm. purchase 
Ache, sf. smallage 
Acheminement, sm. means to 

bring a thing about 
Acheminer, vo. to forward 
S' — , vr. to set off; *go one's way 
Achet^r, va. topurdiase, * buy 
Acheteur, se. s. purchaser 
Acheve, e. a. perfect 
Achivement, sm. finishing 
Achever, va. to finish; end; com 

plite; *put to death 
Achoppement, sm. obstacle; rub; 

A chores, the thrush (a 

Acide, 2. a. aoid, sharpy sour 
Acidity, sf. acidity, sourness 
Aciduler, vo. * make sour, 

Acier, sm. steel; sword 
Acolyte, acolyth 
Aconit, sm. aconite; woifboma 

4 ADR 

AcooBtique, «/. ae»uMties 
Aequ^reur, am. purchaser^ ouyer 
Acqu6rir, va.Jo acquire; * get^ 

* buy 
Acquit, sm. aequat 
Acquieaceineat, compliance 
Acq,uiescer, vn. to acquieacs, 

yield; comply 
Acquis, 8M. knowUdgc^ acquire- 
Acquisition, «/. —tion; purchase 
Acquit) sm. acquittance 
Acquit de douaiic, cocket 
Acquit, (au jeu de biUard) the 

Aequitter, va. to clear, acquit 
S'acquitter, vr. to discharge, 

perform^ fulfil, pay off 
Acre, 3. a. sharp, tart, sour 
Acre, sm. acre 

Acret^, sf. sharpness, acrimony 
Acrimonie, acnmony 
Acroatique, 2. a', acroatick 
Acrobats, sm. rope dancer, 

among the ancients 
Acrocbordori, —dan; wart 
Acrocomc, s. who has longhair 
Acromion, sm. — mion 
Acronique, 2. a. axronical 
Acrostiche, 3. a. acrosHe 
— , sm. acrostic 
Acrotdres, acroteres, pinnacles 
Acte, sm. act, action, deed 
Actes, records, rolls; acts 
Acteur, rice, *. actor; actress 
Actif, ve. a. active 
Action, action; share in stock; 

battle; suit at law 
Actions de graces, sf. thanks- 

Actionnaire, sm. stockholder 
Actioner, va. to sue 
Activement, ad. actively 
Activer, va. to put in motion, 

stir up 
Activite, sf. activity, quickness 
Actrice, actress 
Actuel, le. a. actual; real; 
Actaellement, ad. now; reaUy 
Acut, e. a. acute 
Acatangle, 2. acute-angular 
Adage, sm. adage; proverb 
Adaptation, sf. adaptation 
Adapter, va. to adapt; reply 
Ad^qoat, e. a. eompleta 


Addition, sj: oMition 
AilUiiiontiel, lt». a. additional 
Additionner, va. to* setup 
S'addonner, vr. to addict emjs^s 

sdf; to * take to 
Addiicteur, sin. adducent muscle 
Adeinptiou, sf. ademption 
Adepte, sm. adept 
Adtixtr6, a. on the right hand 
Adherence, sf. adherence 
Adherent, e. a. s. adherent ' 
Adherer, to adhere, * stick to 
Adhesion, sf. adhesion 
Adjacent, e. a. adjacent 
Adiante, am, maiden-hair 
Adiapbore, 3. a. indifferent 
Adjectif, sm. adjective 
Adjection, sf. adjection 
Adjectivement, ad. —^ely 
Adieu, sm. ad. adieu, farewell 
Adipeuz, euse, a. adipose; fat 
Adjoindre, va. to adjoin 
Adjoinl, sm. assistant, adjunct, 

Adjonction, sf. adjunction 
Adjudant,9. adjutant 
AdJudicataire,«7A. highest bidder 
Adjudication, sf. adjudging 
Adjuger, va. to adjudge 
Adjuration, sf. adjuring 
Adjurer, va. to adjure 
Admettre, va. to admit; attow of 
Adminicule, sm. slight proof 
Administrateur, manager 
Administration, sf. —tion 
Administratrice, —tratrix 
Administrer, va. adrntniater 
Admirable, 3. a. admirable 
Admirablement, va. —rably . 
Admirateur, sm. admirer . 
Ad miraiif,a.«. note of admiration 
Admiration, sf. — tion 
Admiratrice, sho-'odmirer 
Admirer, va. to admire; to won- 
der at 
Admissible, 3. a. allowaifle 
Admission, sf. admission 
Admon^td, sm. the admonishing 
Admoniteur, sm. monitor 
Admonition, sf. warning 
Adcdescence, adolescency 
Adolescent, «m. tro«<A 
Adonien, ne* a. adonie 
Adonis, sm. a beau; spark 


Adoniscr, va. to* makejtna 
S'— , to trick one's self out 
Adoniaeur, sm. a beau 
Adopter, va. to adopt 
Adoptif^ ve. a. adoptive 
Adoption, sf. adoption 
Adorable, 3. a. adorable 
Adorateur, sm. adorer, worship- 
Adoration, */. — tion, worship 
Adorer, va. to adore, worship 
Ados, Ml. shelving bed 
Adoasement, backing 
Adosser, va. to * put back t0 

back, strengthen backwards 
S* — ,vr.tolean one's back against 
Adouber, va. to repair 
Adouci, sm. softening, polish' 

ing, a soft grinding-stone 
Adoucir, to sweeten; appease; 

tame; soften; mitigate 
S' — , va. to * become sweet; to 

relent; * grow milder 
Adoucissant, e. a. softening 
—, sm. sweetening; softener 
Adoucissement, sm. softening; 

(May; medium; lenitive; Unug 
Adou6, e. a. coupled; paired 
Adragan, sm. gum dragant 
Adresse,*/. direction'^ a letter., 

address, industry, skill 
Adresser v. to address; * hit the 

mark; direct 
S*— , ♦ vr. to apply; * be directed 
Adroit, e. dextrous; sly 
Adroit, sm. sharp fellow 
Adroitement, ad. dextroualy 
Adventif, ve- a. —titious 
Adverbe, sm. adverb 
Adverbial, e. a — bial 
Adverbialement, ad. —ally 
Adversaire, s. —sary, oppoaer 
Advdrsatif, ve..o. —tive 
Adverse, 2. a. adverse 
Adversity, sf. adversity « 

Adulateur, sm. adulator 
Adulatif, ve. a. adulatory 
Adulation, sf.fiattery 
Adulatrice, flatterer 
Aduler, va. to flatter meanly ' 
Adulte, s. an adult 
Adulte, 2. a. adult 
Adult<^re,sm. adultery; aduUarer 
Adult^re, sf. adulteress 
Adttlt^re, 3. a. aduUerouM 


Adulterer, va. to adtdterate 
Adulteiin, e. bom in adiUUry 
Aduste, 2. a. adttut^ overheated 
Adoster, va. to frttm 
Adastioni sf. ^tioriy burning 
ASr6, e. a. well aired 
A6rer, va. to air 
ASrier,sa. to air {by fumigation) 
ASrieu, ne. a. ethereal; aerosta' 

tie, aerial 
A^rc^rapbie, sf. aerograph^ 
A^rranancie, aeromaatcy 
A6nMii6tre, em. aerometer 
Atoun^trie, sf. aeremetry; ae- 
A^ronaute, sm. air-halloonist 
A6iopbobe, one toko is afraid of 

the air 
A^rodat, on vaiaaeau aBrien, sm. 

A^rosUCiqae, 2. a. —tatie 
Affability, sf, —bility 
Aflable, 3. t^abUi courteous 
AflaUement, ad. affably 
AfbAiSyva. to cloy 
AffadisBonent, sm. cloyment 
Aibire^sf. affair,business;tking; 
matter; concern; duty; dis- 
pute; action; trouble^ scrape 
Affair^, e. a. busy 
. Affiuflsement, sm. sinking down 
Affaisaer, va. to press down 
B*aflluaser, w. to • sink down 
Affaiter, va. to tame a hawk 
Afial^, e. a. wind-bound 
Affaler, va. to lower 
Afiamer, to famishy starve 
Afiam^, e. a. greedy of; scanty; 

not strong enough 
Aff&agement, sm. leasehold 
Afl%ager,va- to * give in leasehold 
Affectation, */. —lion 
Affects, e. a. affected 
Affecter, va. to afftct; mortgage; 
appropriate [fections 

Affectif, ve. a. ^at moves the af- 
Affection, sf. affection, love 
Affectionn^f e. a. affectionate 
AflEectionner, va. to love 
B'— , vr. to delight in 
Aflfectueusement, ad. kindly 
Affectucux, 86. a. affectionate 
AiSsnner, vr. to farm; rent 
Affermir, to strengthen 
B*— yiT' to * ^ strengthsned 


AffermiHeiiient^ sm. ngtporty 

Affet6, e. a. affected 
Afffeterie, sf. affectation 
Affiche, sf. bill posted up 
Afficher, va. to post up 
Afficbeur, sm. an advertiser 
Affid^, e. a. trusty^ confidant 
Affier, va. to graft 
Affiler, to sharpen 
Affiliation, sf. filiation; adoption 
Affilier, va. to adopts initiate 
Affinage, sm. affinage^ refining 
Affinement, refining 
Affiner, va. to refine 
Affinerie, */. refinery 
Affineur, sm. refiner 
Affinity, sf. affinity^ relation 
Adinoir, sm. hatchel 
Affiquet, knitttng-sheath 
A&.q\ ornaments 
Affirmatif, ve. a. peremptory 
Affirmation, «/. ^tion 
Affirmative, —tive 
Affirmativement, ad. positively 
Affirmer, va. affirm^ assert 
Affistoler, to dress^ to adorn 
Afflcurer, to level; smooth 
Afflictif, ve. a. affiictive 
Affliction, sf. affiietion 
Affligean, e. a. affiicting; sad 
Affliger, va. to affiiet^ vex 
S'amiger, vr. to grieve 
Afflaettce,«/. affluence; concourse 
Affluent, e. a. flowing; running 
Affluer, vn. to resort; abourtd; * 

Affoiblir, va. weaken; allay 
S^afibiblir, vr. to * grow weak 
Affoiblissement, sm. weakening , 
Affoler, va. to infatuate 
Affolir, t?«. to ♦ grew foolish 
Afforage, sm. assizedpriie 
Affi)rer, va. to assize 
Affourcher, to moor across 
Affourager, affourer, to fodder 
Affouragement, sm. foddering^ 

Afn-anchi, a freed man 
Affranchie, sf. freed woman 
Affrancbir, va. to * set free; free 
— une lettre, to frank 
Affrancbiaeement, sm. delivery; 

Affres, sf. pi. great fright 

AGE 5 

Affr6tement, sm, hire of a ship 
Affi^ter, «a, to hire a sh^ 
Affr^teur, sm. freighter 
Affreuflement, ad. horribly \ 

Affreux, se. a. dreadful, hideoum ^ 
Affriander, va. to uss daintie$ ; tf ] 
allure i 

Aflrioler, to aUure; entiee; decoy j 
Affriter, to prepare a pan tefry \ 
with * I 

Affront, sm. affront; repromeh 
Affrontaillea, sf. bomndaries 
Aff];ont^,e.a. /actii^(in beraldiy) 
Affronter, va. to face; cheat 
Affronterie, sf. cheat 
Afironteur, se. a cAeat 
Affublement, sm. covering 
Affubler, va. to muffie up \ 

S' — , de quclqu*iin, to * be 

vnrapped up with one ' 

AffQt, sm. frame of • camncn; 

lurking place 
Affutage, sm. set of tools 

— , tAe dressing of an old hat 
— , the grinding of tools * 

-—, the mounting of a piut of 

Affutcr, va. to sharpen; mount 

Afin que, c. to the end that 

— de, in order to 

Aga ou Agba, sm. an agOy Turk- 
ish officer 

Agacant, e. a. enticing 

Agace, sf. magpie 

Agacement, sm. setting on edge 

Agacer, v. to * set on edge; to 
entice; vex, provoke 

Agacerie, sf. enticement 

Agapes, love-feasts; agape 

Agaric, sm. agaric 

Agate, sf. agate 

Agatis, sm. waste', damage done 

Age, svi. age 

Ag6, e. a. aged; old 

Agence, sf. agency 

Agencement, sm. arrangement 

Agencer, va. to * set in order 

S' — , vr. to rig one's self 

Agenda, sm. memorandum book 
— Ledrftle est surmon agenda, 
/ remember that fellow 

S'agenouiller, v. to kneel down 

Agenouiller, sm. httssock j 

Agent, sm- agent 



-de change, ezehanfe broker 

Aggravation,~£tim; provoeaibtn 

Aggrave, «m. threatening moni- 

Ag|^aver, va. to aggravate 

Agile, 2. a. agiUj ntirUtle 

Agilemcnt, ad. nimbly 

AgiUt^, »f. agility ^ nimblenese 

Agio, am. eourae of exchange 

Agiotage, stock-jobbing 

Agioter, oo. to ttock-^ob 

Agioteor, em. etockrjobber 

Agir, «a. to act; * do; deal; * 
have an infiuenee; behave; ne- 
gotiate; eue 

Aglssant, e. a. etirrvng^^acUnu 

Agitateur, em. agitator 

Agitation, af. agitation 

Agiter, va. to agitate; move; stir; 
disturb; dieorder; debate 

Agnat, em. descending from a 
collateral male line 

Agneau, em. a lamb 

Agneler, va. to yean 

Agnelet, em. lambkin 

Agnelina, sm. pi. lambs* skins 

Agn^, sm. pL ancient French 

Agnda, ef. a yoimg raw girl; a 

Agnus, 9111. a religious toy 

Agonie, sf. agony 

Agonisant, sm. a dying man 

Agonisant, e. a. dying 

Agoniser,vn. to* be at the point 
of death 

Agraffe, sf. daSp 

AgraiTer, va. to clasp 

Agraire, 2. a. agrarian 

Agrandir, va. to enlarge; raise 

S'— , vr. to '''be enlarged 'raisedj 
promoted; to increase 

Agrandissement, sm. enlarging; 

Agr^able, sm. what pleases 

, 2. a. agreeable 

Agr6ablcment, ad. pleasantly 

Agr6er, v. to allow; accept of; 
please^ like 

on vaisseatt, to rig a iship 

Agr^gat, sm. assemblage 

Agr^gatton, sf. admission 

Agr6g«, sm. fellow 

Agr6ger, va. to aggregate; admit 


Agr6meiit, mb. agreeableness; 


music and dancing t» a play 
Agr^s, rigging 
Agresser, va. to eiggress 
Agresaeur, sm. aggreesor 
Agression, sf. —sion; assault 
Agreste, 2. a. agrestic^ rustic, 

clownish; add^ sour 
Agr6eur, sm.riggerofa skip 
Agriculture, sf. —ture 
Agridre, groundrent 
S'a«riffer, vr. to * cUngfast 
Agnpper, va. to snatd^; pilfer 
Agronome, sm. writer en agri- 
culture, agriculturist 
Agrouper, va. to group figures in 

Aguerrir, train up m war 
S*— , vr. to inure en^s self to 
Aeueta, (dtre aux,) to*Usin wait 
Ahl int. ah! oh! alas I 
Ahan, sm. trouble; effort 
Ahcurt6, e. a. obetinate 
Aheurtement, sm. obstinacy 
S^alieurter, vr. to* be obstinate 
Ahi, int. oh dear! 
Ahurir,« astonish,hurry;fret 
Aide,«/. aid, help; chc^d of ease 
Aidc,«m. helper 
Aider, ea. to help; aid 
Aides, ef. subsidies, exdee 
Algail, sm. morning dew 
Aigayer, va. to bathe, wash 
Aiglc, sm. eagle; euperiorgenhu 
Aiglon, sm. eaglet 
Aigre, 2. a. sour; brittle; ekriU; 

sharp; severe 
Aigre, m. sourness 
Aigredon, very fine down 
Aigre-doux, ouce, a. sourish; 

quaintly polite 
Aigrcfin, a eharper 
Aigrelet, e. a. tart, sourish 
Aigrement, ad. severely [wort 
Aigremoine, sf. acrimony; Uver- 
Aigret, e. a. sourish 
Aigrette, e. a. tufted [there 

Aigrette, sf. egret; tuft of feor 
Aigreur, soumees; sharpness; 

spite, spleen 
Aigreurs, pi. heartburning 
Aigrir, va. to * make sour; irri- 
tate, incense 


8'algrir, va. to turn sew;\o * hi 

Aigu, e. a. sharp, acute; skrHl 
Aiguade, fresh water 
Aigu^yer, va. to soak, water 
Aiguemarine, sf. sort of pre 

eious stone 
Alguidre, ewer 
Aigui^r6e, ewer full 
Aiguille, needlt; spire; hand of 

a watch 
Aiguillee, sf needhfuU . 
Aiguiiler, sm. needle-maker 
Aiguinette,«/. tagged point; sUee 
Aigullletter, va. to tie with points 
Aiguillier, sm. needle-case 
Aiguillon, goad; eting; motive 
Aiguillonner, va. to * sting; 

drive wiUi a goad; to incite 
Aiguiser, to sharpen; whet 
Aiguisement, MR. sharpena^ 
Ail, ^aWic 
Ailo, sf. wtng; sweep; aisle ef a 

church; ale 
AM, e. a. winged 
Aileron, 0m. fin; small wing; pi- 
Aillade, sf. garlic-ragoo,oe sauce 
Ailleurs, ad. elsewhere.— HI* 9^:^ 

leurs, otherwise, besides 
Aimable, 2 a. amiable, lovely; 

Aimant, »iii. loadstone 
Aimanter, va. to touch with the 

Aimantin, e. a. magnetic 
Aimer, va. to love; like; fancy; 

* be fond of 
Aine, ef. gtoin 
Alab, e. a. eldest, first-bom 
— , sm. elder, rider, senior 
Ain6e, sf. eldest daughter 
Ainesee, sf. eldership 
Ainsi, ad. so; thus; just so 
— que, as; even as; so as 
Ajour6, e. a. pierced 
AJoumement, sm. summons 
Ajoumer, summon; * put off 
S'ajoumer, vr. to adjourn 
Ajoutcr, va. to add; join 
Air, «ii. air; vent; wind 
—, sm. manner; carriage; way 
— , sm. tune 
Attain, sm. braes 
Aire, sf. area; wind 


-, ham Ji0or; ejfty ine»t of a 

Urd of preif) 
Airte, abamJUorfuUofskeaoet 

readg to tkraah 
Aiier, «a. to * maJu otu?a atry 
Airier, va. to fumigate 
Ais, MM. board; plank; akdf 
Aisance, af. ease {inmanntre) 
Aiaaace, readif monejf 
Aisaoces, »f. pL privy 
hxsb,^ a. glad; joyful 
— , «/. ease; content; eonveniei^ 

ey; leisure 
Ais6, e. a. s. easy; riek 
ABement, em. privy; leisure 
Ak^ment, ad. easily; freely 
Ataarile, sf. armpit 
Aiaaiett, eceieu, axletree; axis 
Aitrea, eties, em. pi. rooms of a 
AjMs^^e. a. fitted; joined [house 
Ajuatement, sm. adjusting; 

agreement; attire 
Ajuatemens, eonvenienees, 
Ajuster, va. to adjust; frame; 

trim; fit; use ill; recmuUe; 

* take one* 8 aim at; direct 
S*— , vr. to prepare one*s sdf; 

suit; trim; agree 
AjiiBtoir, sm. coinage-scale 
Alaiter, va. to suckle 
Alambic, sm. Umbee; stUl 
fi'alambiquer, vr. to puzzle; re- 
fine too much upon 
Alan, sm. hound 
AJarguer,vi«. to ♦ stand off to sea 
Alarme, sf. alarm; fear 
Alanner, va. to alarm^ fright 
S'— ,*he frighted at 
Alb&tre, sm. alabaster 
Alberge, sf. early peach 
AlbraOf sm. a young wild drake 
Albreper, va. to * shoot at wild 

ducks [dum-book 

Album, am. album; memoran- 
Alcade, alcaid; sheriff 
Alca'ique, 2. a. alcaic 
Alchymie, sf. alehymy 
Alcbymyste, sm, alckymist 
Alcoran, alooran ^ 
Alcove, sf. alcove' 
Alcyon, sm. king*s-fisher 
Aldennan, alderman 
AMgre, 2. a, brisk; cheerful 
AKgrement, ad. briskly 
AKgreBBe, af^joy^ alaerity 


Ai*enooiitie, ad. againat; by 
Al^ne, tf. an awl 
Alentlr, va. to slacken 
Alentour, ad, round about 
Alentoun, sm. pL neighbouring 

places; intimtUe friendsy in- 
AlArion, «m. eaglet [mates 

Alerte, S. a. alert; brisk; pert 
— , sf. c. warning of being igr 

on one*s guard 

, ad. be upon your guard 

Alen (franc,) sm. freehold 
Alexandrin, e. a. alexandrine 
Alexiphannlque, 2. «u antidotal 
Alezan, s. a sorrel horse 

e. a. sorrel colour 

Algaradc, sf. insult; prank 
Alg6braique, 2. a. algebraical 
Alg^bre, sf. algebra 
Alg6biuer, v. to * speak, or * 

write upon algebra 
A]g6briste, mi. algebrist 
Aiguazil,— zii,e<m«ta&<e in Spain 
^e, sf. sea-weed 
ibi, sm. alibi, absence 
AUbl-forain, jireteitM, bad excuse 
Aliboron, am. a. conceitedfellow 
Alidade, croaa-ataff 
Alienable, 3. a. alienable 
Alienation, af. —tiony averaion 
Ali^nd, e. a. insane 
Aligner, va. to aUenate 
Alignement, sm. line; row 
Aligner, vr. to lay out by line 
Aliment, sm. aliment; food 
Alimena,^<. alimony 
Alimentaire, 2. a. —tary 
Alimenter, va. to maintain; feed 
Alimenteux, ae. a. nutritive 
Alinea, 'sm^ alinea^ paragraph 
Alinger, va. to furnish linen 
S'— , vr. to* bespeaJc linen 
Altquante, sf. aliquant part 
Aliquote, aliquot part 
S'aliter,* keep, one^s bed 
AUt6, e. a. bedridden 
Aliz^a, (vents) a. trade winds 
Alkali, sm. alkaline 
Alkalisation, */. —tion 
Alkaliser, va. to alkaJise 
Alkerm68,5m.(acompoiuid drug) 
All^chement, sm. allurement 

All^cher, va. to allure; entice 
I AU66, af. entry; walk 

ALO 7 

AU^gatioD, quotmtion 
AU6ge, a. tender; lighter 
Alliance, allegiance 
AU^gement, sm. alleviation 
AU^ger, va. to ease; lighten 
AUigorie, ^. aUegory 
All^gorique, 2. a. — rteoi 
AU^gorlquement, ad. —rically 
AU^goriaer, va. to allegorize 
AJl^goriaeur, sm. one who is al- 
ways eUegeriiing 
Alienate, mi. alugorist 
Allegro, lively, Uteuly 
All^guer, va. fo allege^ quote 
Alleluia, sm. praise the Lord 
Allemand, ike Oerman tongue 
Allemande, sf. allemande 
Aller, va. to * go; walk 
Alleu, sm. freehold 
Aliiage, mv mixture «f metals 
Alliance, af. —ce; covenant 

ie, e. a. relation; aUy 
Allier, va. to ally; mix 

S' , vr. to match [^«. 

AlUer, sm. a net to cateh quaila, 
Alligator, —tor,* 
Allobroge, mi. a clownish man 
Allocation, ^. allowance in an 

Allocution, —tion 
AUodial, e. a. —dial; free 
Allonge, eking place 
Altongemen, mi. lengthening 
Allonger, v. to lengthen; to 

stretch; prolong 
S' allonger, vr. to * grow longer 
Aliouable, 2. a. allowable 
Allouer, vr. to allow; admit 
Allou6, em. a journeyman 
AUumer, va. to light; kindle 
S'— , vr. to be kindled 
Altumette, sf. a mattk 
AUumeur, sm. the snuffer 
Allure,*/, gate; pace; way of 

Allusion, —sion; quibble; pun 
Alluvion, —vion 
Wmagesbe^sm.almagestj or a eolr 
lection of astronomical obser- 
AUnanach, sm. almanack 
Atanandine, sf. sort of ruby 
AloSs, Ml. aloes 
I Aloetique,3. a. aloetie, hitter 


Aloi,.«m. attoff; value 
Alora, ad. at that ttme^ then, 
Ktoaa^sf. Ok shad 
Alouette, a lark 
Alounlir, va. to stupify^ atu* 
Aloyage, sm. aUayin^; mixture 
Aloyau (de boeuf,) evrloin 
Alphabet, svu alphabet 
Alpbnb^lique, 2. a. —betieal 
AlplntMtiqueraent, ad, —eally 
Alpiste, em. cananf-aeed 
Alterable, 2. a changeable 
Alterant, e. a. that eaueea thiret 
Alt6ratif, ve. a. atteratioe 
Alteration, ef. —t^on; aduUera- 
lion; exeeseive thirst; pervert- 
Altercatkm, conteet [ing 

Alt^6,e. a. thirsty; adulterated; 
altered.^\Jn tigre alt^r^ de 
sang, a blood-thirsty mam 
Alt^rcr, va. to cause tMrst; dis- 
order; alter; adulterate 
Alternatif, ve. a. alternate 
AUemative, sf. —ive; choice 
Altemativement, ad. — naUly 
Alteme, 2. a. alternate 
Altcaee, sf. highness 
Altier, e. haughty; lofty 
Alti^rement, ad. haughtily 
Altim^trie, sf. alttmetry 
Alveole, sm. ceU^ tooth socket 
Alum, alum 

Alumelle, sf. blade of a knife 
Aliuniere, sf. alum-mtne 
AlumineuT, se. a. aluminous 
Amabilit6,«/. —lity, amiableness 
Amadis, sm. frill, ruffle 
Amadou, sm. tinder 
Amadouement, fondling 
Amadouer, va. to fotuuef coax 
Amadoueur, sm. coazer 
Amaigri, e. a. emaciated 
Amaigrir, va. to * make lean 
— ,* growlean,* fall away 
Amalgamation, sf. —tion 
Amalgame, sm. —gama 
Amalgamer, va. to amalgamate^ 

unite ^ 

Amande, akawnd; kernel; also 
a piece of crystal cut in the 
form of an almond 
Amandier, «iii. almondrtree 
Amant, lover; suitor 
Amantc, sf. sweetheart 


to replace those of a taken ship 
Amftrqae, sf. sea-mark 
Amarrage, sm. anchorage 
Amarre, sf. a rope; a fast 
Amaner, va.* tomakefastynutor 
Amanes, sf. pi. cheeks^ or side- 
posts of a toind-beam. or crane 
Amas, sm. heap; pile 
Amaaaement, hmping up 
Amasser, va. to heap up; * lof 

up; gather, collect 
S'amaseer, va. to gather 
Amaasette, sf. painter^ s knife 
Amaaseur, se. s. heaper up 
Amateloter^a. to divide the comh 

pony of a ship 
Amateur, sm. vyrtuoso, lover 
Am^r, va. to unpoUsh metals 
AmBXKmey8f.amazoif;boldwoman ' 
Ambages, sf. pi. preamble^ cir- 
Ambassade, ^rf. embassy 
Ambassadeur, sm. ambassador 
Ambassadrice, sf ambassadress 
Ambesas, sm. ambsace 
Ambient, e. a. ambient 
Ambidextre, 2. a. —dexter 
Ambigu, e. a. ambiguous 
— , sm. medley 
— , a game at cards 
Ambiguity, sf. ambiguity 
Ambigument, ad, —guously 
AmbiUeusement, — tiously 
Ambitieuz, se. a. ambitious 
Ambition, sf. ambition 
Ambitionner, va. to affut; to 

* be ambitious 
Amble, sm. amble 
Ambler, va. to amble 
Ambleur,«m. officer of the king's 

Ambre, amber 
Ambre gris, ambergris 
Ambrer, va. to perfume 
Ambroisie^ sf. ambrosia; deli- 
cious eating or drinking; oak 
of Jerusalem 
Ambroisien, ne. a. ambrosian 

— , sm. exciseman 
Ambulatoire, 2. a. —latary 
Amo sf. soul; spirit 


— , middie part of a faggH 
Am6, e. a. well-beloved 
Amelioration, sf. improvement 
Am61iorer, va. to improve 
Am61ioria8«neut, sm. improv0» 

Amen, Amen; so be it 
Amenage, carriage 
Amendable, 2. a. finable; meiuU- 

Amende, sf. a fine 
Amendement, mi. bettering 
Amender, va. to fine; matd; * 

fall in price 
Amener, va. to * bring; * strike, 

lower; reduce; cause 
Am^mt^^sf. pleasantness— Am&^ 

nite de caractere, sweetness ef 

temper.— Am^uitk de style, 

fiowery style 
Amenuiser,* make thin 
Amer, e. a. bitter 
— , sm. bitterness; the gall of 

beasts \ 

Amerdment, ad. bitterly 
Amertume, sf. bitterness 
Amesurement, sm. appraising 
Amesurer, va. to appraise 
Amet6,e. a. limited^ bounded 
Am^thjrste, sf. amethyst 
Ameubtement,'' sm. furniture 
Ameubler, v. vid. Meubler 
Ameublir,va. to * make moveabU 
Ameubliasement, sm. the making 

Ameuloner, va. to heap up 
Ameutement, sm. mob; coupling 

Ameuter, va. to couple hounds; 

to stir up; maintain a good 

understanding among a body 

of soldiers 
S' ameuter, vr. to conspire 
Amfigouri, Amphigouri, sm, a 

burlesque discourse 
Ami, friend; sweetheart 
Ami, e. a. friendly; courteous 
Amiable, 2. a. friendly, amicable 
A Tamiable, in a friendly way 
Amiablement, ad. kindly 
Amiante, sf. amianthus 
Amical, e. a. courteous, amicabU 
Amicalement, ad. lovingly 
Amict, sm. amice; prieaVs sheid' 



4ai}dant rat. atar^ 
Aniidonner,pa. to atareh; powder 
Anddoanierf sm. etarekman 
Aiaie, sf. friend; mistress 
Aiiiignarder,9a. to fondle; caress 
Amignotcr, to fondle; cocker 
Amincir, to * make thin 
Amlneur, sm. salt-meto' 
AminI, admiral 
Amirale, sf. odmiraTs ship; ad- 

mxroTs wife 
Amirante, sm. amxrant; Spanish 

Amiiaut^, sf. admiralty 
Amissibilit6f — bUity . 
Amiasible, 3. a. admissible 
Amiti^, sf. friendship; love; fa- 
' vour; sympathy; pleasure^ 

meUovmesa of doth 
Amities, compliments^ 
Amman, sm. a title of honour m 

AmrnoDf come, d'ammon, /. a 

kind of spiral shdl 
Ammoniac, sm. gum ammoniac 
Amnirtic, sf. amnesty 
Amoindrir, va. to lessen; abtUe 
Amoindrissement, sm. decrease 
Ammns de, c. under; except 
Amoins qae, unless 
AmoOir, va. to soften; mollify 
S'amollir,* grow effemi- 
nate; * grow soft; * be moved 
Amolksement, sm. softening; 

Amonceler, va- to heap up 
Amont, ad. up the river 
Amorce, sf. bait; prime; decoy 
Amorcer, va. to bait; allure; 

Amorcoir, sm. an auger 
Afflortir, va. quench; redeem; 

allay; * put out; fade; deaden; 

S'— , vr to grow weak; abate 
Amortissable, 2. a. redeemable 
Amortiaaement, sm. redeem ; 

moHmain; finishing; abating 
AmoWbilit^, sf- removing; mov- 
ing away 
AmovibUe, 3. a. removable 
Amonr, sm. love; passion 
Amoor proprc, self-love 
Amoura, sm. pi sports; smues; 


AmoiUH, sf. pL a mistresl 
S'amouradier, vr. to* be smitten 

in love 
Amourette, sf. intrigue 
Amoureusement, aa. amorously 
Amoureux, se. a. in love with 
Amoureux, sm. a 2«ver, wooer 
Amphibie, 2. a. —bious; neuter. 
—<iet homme est un amphi- 
bie, that man is always of 
every body^s opinion 
Amphibologie, sf. —logy 
Amphibol<^que, 2. a. —gicci 
Ampbiboiogiquement, ad, am- 

Amphigouri, sm. nonsense 
Amphigourique, a. obscure, af- 

Amphisciens, sm. —scions 

Amphith^&tre, theatre; first 

Amphorejsf.ameasure ofli^fvids 
Ample, 2. a. large; wide; diffuse 
Amplement, ad. fullyy amply 
Ampleur, sf. amplitude; fulness 
Ampiiatif, Ye. a. ampUating 
Ampliation, sf. dupheate 
Amplier, va. to prolong; to re- 
Amplificateur, sm. romancer; 

artful pleader 
Amplification, sf. —tion 
Amplifier, va. to amplify 
Amiditude, sf. — de, extent 
Ampoulle, bubble; blister; vial 
Ampoull^, e. a. high-flown 
Amputation, sf. —tion 
Amput§r, va. to * cut off 
Amulette, sf. amulet; charm 
Amurer, va. to stretch a cable 
Amusant, e. a. amusing 
Amusement, ^m. — nunt; delay; 

Amuser, va. to amuse' 
Amusette, sf. trying amusement 
Ameuseur, sm. seducer 
Amusoire, sf. amusing trifle 
Amygdales, kernels in the neck; 

An, sm. year 
Anabaptisme, —tism 
Anabaptiste, —tist 
Anachor^te, anachoret 
Anachronisme, —nism 
Anacr^ontique, 2. a. — <»6 

AND 9 

Anagogie, sf. mystery 
Anagogique, 3. a. mystical 
Anagrammatiser, do. to trans- 
pose letters 
Anagrammatiste, sm. maker ef 

Anagramme, sf. anagram 
Analecles, sm. pi. analects; • 
chosen fragments of an author 
Analemme, sm. analemma 
Analeptique, 2. a. analeptis; 

Analogic, */ analogy 
Analogique, 2. a. —gieal 
Analogiquemeut, ad. —colly 
Analogisme, sm. —gism 
Analogue, 2. a. analogous 
Analyse, sf. analysis 
Analyser, va. to analyse 
Anaiyste, sm. an analyst 
Analytique, 2. a. —tical 
Analytiquement, ad. —cally 
Ananas, sm. ananas; pineapple 
Anarchie, sf- anarchy 
Anarchique, 2. a. anea^ehie 
Anath^matiser, va. to anathemef 

Anath^me, sf. —ma; person ex- 
Anatomle, sf. — my 
Anatomique, a. — col 
Anatomiquement, ad. —mically 
Apatomiser, va. to -mite 
Anatomiste, sm. —mist 
Anc^tres, sm. pi. ancestors 
Anchok, sm. anchovy 
Ancien, ne. a. old; late; ancestor 
Ancien, sm. elder; senior 
Anciennement, ad. anciently 
Anclennet^, sf. aneientness; so- 

Anciles, sm. pi. sacred shields 
Ancrage, sm. anchorage 
Ancre, */. anchor ^ iron brace 
Ancr6, e. a. anchored; ankerd or 

ancree (in heraldry) 
Ancrer, vn. to anchor 
S*ancrer,- vr. to settle 
Ancrure. sf. a little plait or fold 

in cloth 
Andant6, moderately 
Andouille, sf. hog's pudding 
— de tabac, roll of tobacco 
Andouillers, sm. deer's antlers 
Andottillette, sf. forced meat 



Androgyne, sm. —gfntu 
Androide, sm. aiftomaton 
Ane, am. asa; idiot 
An^antir, va. to annikilate 

8' — ,to humble otu^s self,to*co7ne 
to nothing [tion 

Aniantissement, sm. annihila- 

Anecdotes, sf. pi. anecdotes 

Ante, sf. the load of an ass 

An^mographie, —phy 

An^mometre, sm. — meter 

An^mom^trie, */. —try 

Anemone, •«/. aneaumy, wind- 

Anerie, sf. gross ignorance 

Aneaae, a she-ass 

Anet, sm. anise^ dill 

Anfractueiix, euae, a. uneven^ 

Angar, sm. shed 

Ange, angel; chain-shot 

Angdlique, 3. a. angelical 

Ang<^lique, sf. angelica 

Ang^liquement, ad. — caUy 

Angelot, sm. a sort of Jforman 
eheese; ancient coin 

Angelua, .^ve Maria 

Angle, angle 

Anglican, e. a. anglican; 0/ 

Anglicisme, sm. anglieism 

Anglois, Englishman 

Anglois, e. a. English 

Angoisse, sf. anguish, pang 

Angon, sm. javelin of the Oauls 

Anguichure, sf. huntsman*s belt 

Anguillade, lashing 

Anguilie, eel 

Anguilliere, an eel-pond 

Angulaire, 2. a. angular 

Angule^x, se. a. angulous 

Angustie, e. a. narrow 

Anfcroche, sf. hinderaneSi sub- 

Anier, sm. ass-driver 

Anil, anil; inaigo-plant 

Animadversion, sf. —sion; cheek 

Animal, sm. animal; brute 

, e. a. animal; sensual} sen- 
sible; blockhead 

Animalcule, sm. —eule 

Animaiitti sf.—lity 

Animation, —tion 

Anim6, e. a. animated; brisk 

Animer, va. animaU; enliven 


S* — , vr.t0*be angry 
Animosity, sf. animosity, spite 
Anis, sm. anise; aniseed; sugar- 
ed aniseed 
Annal, e. a, annual 
Annales, sf. pi. annals 
Aonaliste, sm. annalist 
Annate, sf. annats 
Anneau, sm. ring, bow; eurl 
Ann^e, */. year 

biasextUe, leap-year 

Anneler, va. to curl; to * ring 
Annelet, sm. little ring; annulet 
Annelure, sf. curling 
Annexe, annex; chapel of ease 
Annezer, va. to annex; unite 
Annexion, sf, annexment 
Anniliilation, — tion - 
AnnilUler, va. to annikilate 
Anniveraaire, a. s. —sary 
Annonce, sf. banns of matrimo- 
ny; notice of a play 
Annoncer, va. to * make known; 

* give out 
Annonciade, sf. annoneiada 
Annonciation, annunciation 
Annonciateur, sm. proclaimer 
Annotateur, annotator 
Annotation, sf. —tion, inventory 
Annoter, va. to * take an inoen- 

tory; * make remarks 
Annuel, e. a. annual, yearly 
Annuellement, ad. annually 
Annuity, sf. annuity, set pay- 
ment for life 
Annulaire, 2. a. (doigt) ring- 
Annul atlon, sf. — tion 
Annuler, va. to annul; disannul 
Anoblir, oa. to ennoble 
Anobliasemeut, sm. ennobling 
Anodin, e. a. anodyne 
Anomal, e. a. anomalous • 
Anomalie, sf. irregularity 
Anon, sm. ass-colt 
Anonner, vn. to hesitate, to * 

read elownishly 
Anonsnne, 3. a- — mous 

, sm. —mous author 

Anse, sf. handle; ear; creek 
Ans^atiques, 2. {vUles) hanse- 

Anspessade, am. lancepesado ; 

under corporal 
Antagoniste, antagonist 


Antarctique, 2. a. eaUarctie 
Ant^c^demment, ad. —dently 
Antecedent, e a. foregoing 
Aniec^'fent, sm. antecedent 
Ant^cesaeur, predecessor 
Anf^clirist, antichrist 
Ant«^ciens, sm. pL anUeci 
Antenne, sf. sail yard 
Antennes, pi. horns of buttst 

flies, &-C. 
Ant^p^nuiti^me, a. s. — ttmc 1 

the last but two 
Aiit^rieur, e. a. foremost 
Ant^rieurement, ad. before 
Anteriority, sf. priority 
Anthologie, ^logy 
Anthropologie, —logy 
Antliropomorphite, sm. attribute 

ing a human form to Cfod 
Anthropopathie, —pathy 
Anthropophages, sm. pi. tnsn- 

Anthropophagie, sf. '■wphagy 
Antichambre, —chamber 
Antichreae, antichresis 
Antichretien, ne. a. —ehristisn 
Antichristianisme, sm. —nism 
Anticipation, sf. —tion 
Anticiper,oa. to anticipale,foro' 

Anticiper ear, to usurp, invado 
Antidate, sf. anUdaU 
Antidatcr, va. to antedate 
Antidote, sm. antidote 
Antidoter, va. to mix with anti- 
Antienne, sf. anthem 
Antilogie, antilogy 
Antimoine, sm. antimony 
Antimonarchiquc, 2. a. —ehical 
Antimonial, e. a. —nial 
Antinomie, */. — my 
Antinoraien, ne. s. — nttoii 
Antipape, sm. antipnpe 
Aiitiparalytlque, 2. a. s. —tie 
Antipathie, sf. —pathy 
Antipatbique, 2. a. averse 
Antiperistaae, sf. -Hasis 
Antipestilentiel, le. a. —tial 
Antiphone, */. antiphone 
Antiphonaire, Antiphonier, anti 

phonere, book of anthems 
Antiphrase, sf. —phrase 
AnUpodal, e. a. —dal 
Antipodea, sm. pi —podes 


Antiptose, sf. antiptosis 
J^py-FOtiques, asm. pi. remedy 

good for a burning » 
iutiquaille, sf. an antique 
AnUquailles, pi. old rubbish 
iiotiqaaire, am. —quary 
, JiAtiquariat,2A« knowledge ofan- 
i iifus and antiquities 
pAotique, a. s. antique; ancient 
Aatiquit^, gf. antiquity 
Antisciens, em. pi. Antiadi 
Antiscorbutique, 2. a. —tical 
AntistroBhe, sf. —phe 
Aotithese, sf. —thesis 
Andtrinitalres, sm. unitarians 
Antitype, sm. antitype; figure 
Afltiven^rienf a. sm. ^-nereal 
AmiF^roIique, 2. a. good against 

tie small-pox 
Afltze, em. den; cave; cavern 
B'aimaiter, xfr. to be* benighted 
Anus, sm. anuSf fundament 
AAXJ6t6, sf. anxiety i angtUsh 
Aorigte, sm. aorist 
Aflut, sm. August; harvest 
Aodt£, e. a. ripened by the sun 
Aouteron, sm. harvest-man 
Apanage, appanage; appendix 
Apanager, va. to settle on 
Apanagiste, sm. a prince who 

enjoys an appanage 
ApaDthropie,«/.apan(Aroj?ta, i.e. 
aversionforthe company of men 
Apaite, sm. an aside 
Spathic, sf. apathy 
Ipathique, 2. a. apathie, insensi- 

Ipathiste, sm. void of feeling, a 
selfish man 

ip6deute, sm. an illiterate man 
ipercevoir, va. to perceive 
ipercu, »m. note, observation 
ip6ritif,va. a. aperitive, opening 
Ipeitement, ad. apertly 
i-peu-pres, ad. nearly^ almost 
iphdiie, sm. aphelion 
iphoriame, sm. aphorism 
iphoristiqtfe, 2. a. aphoristic 
iphronitre, sm. salt-petre 
ipi, delicate sort of apple; also 

ipilpyer, va. to move, affect 
iplaner, va. to nap cloth 
ipianeur, «m. A« leho naps cloth 


Aplanir, va. to level; clear 
AplaniBsement, sm. levelling 
Aplomb, ad. perpendicularly 
Apocalypse, */. apocalypse 
Apocaliptique, ^ a. —tic 
Apocope, sf a final elision 
Apocryphe, 2. a. apocryphal 
Apochryphes, sm. pL apocrypha 
Apodictique, 2. a. —etical, de- 
Apogee, sm. apogaum; height 
Apographe, — phum; copy 
Apolog^que, S. a. sm. —tical 
Apologie, */. apology 
Apologiste, sm. apologist 
Apologue, apologue, fable 
Apopbthegme, —thegm 
Apoplectique, 2. a. apoplectic 
Apoplezie, sf apoplexy 
Apostasie, apostacy 
AiKtstasier, vn. to apostatize 
Apoetat, sm. apostate , 
Aposter, va. to suborn; appoint 
Aposthdme, sm.swelling; impos- 

Aposthume, sf. aposthume; im- 

posthuTne, abscess 
ApoBtbumer, vn. suppurate 
Apostiile, sf. postscript, margin- 
al note 
Apostiller, va. to * write margin- 
al notes 
Apostolat, sm. apostleship 
Aix)stoIique, 2, a. apostolic 
A Tapostolique, ad. holily 
Apostoliquement, ad. —lically 
Apostrophe, sf apostrophe 
Afostropher, va. to ♦ speak to; 

* cut off a vowel 
Apothdnse, sf. apotheosis 
Apoth6oser, va. deify a man 
Apothicaire, sm. apothecary 
Apothicairerie, sf. apothecary's 

shop or burliness. 
Apothicairesse^ the apothecary in 

a nunnery 
Apdtre, sm. an apostle 
Apozeme, sm. apoiem 
Appaiser, va. to appease; quiet, 

Apparat, sm. preparation; com- 
Apparaux, sm. pi. all appurte- 
nances of a ship 
Appareii, «m preparaiivniban- 



dage;ecu^age; heigktattkielt 

ness of a stone in the quarry 
Appareiiler, va. to march; * get 

Appareilleut, sm. a marker of 

stones to be cut 
Apparemmebt, ad. rently, 

Apparence, sf. appearance; sign 
Apparent, e. a. — rent; eminent 
Apparent^, e. a. related 
S'apparenter, vr. to marry into 
S'apparesser, vr. to * grow lazy 
Apparier, to pair, maUh, sort 

S' , vr. to couple 

Appariteur, sm. —tor; beadle 
Apparition, sf. —tion; vision 
Apparoir, vn. to appear 
Apparoitre, to appear 

S' , vr. to * show one^s self 

Appartement, sm. apartment; 

Appartenance, sf. appurtenance 
Appartenant, e. a. belonging 
Appartenir, vn. to belong to; to 

* become 

Appas, sm. charms, attraetives 

Appftt, bait; ailurement 

AppSLter, to allure, to * feed in » 
fants, binds, Src. 

Appauvrir, to impoverish 

S* , vr. to * ^010 poor 

Appauvrissement, sm. impover 
ishment; decay 

Appeau, bird-czll; quailpipe; 

Appel, appeal; call, challenge 

Appelant, e. a. s. appealing; do" 

Appellatif, vc. a. appellative 

Appellation, sf.-apptal 

Appellor, V a. to call; appeal 

S' , vr. to * be called 

Appendice, sm. appendix, adden- 

Appendre, va. to append 

AppentiB, sm. a shed 

Appercevable, 2. a perceivable 

Appesantir, va. to * make heavy 
or dull 

S'— , vr. to * be made heavy; to 

* grow dull 
Appesantisaement^sTn. heaviness 
Appetence, */. appetency 
App^ter, va. to covet 



App^tibilitA, «/. —lity 
Appdtible, 2. a. desirable 
App^tis, sm. emaU onions 
App^tissant, e. a. relishing 
App^tiasement, »m. diminution 
App^tisser, di/ninisk; les- 
sen; * shrink 
App^tit. sm. appetite; desire 
App^tilif, ve. a. — ttoe 
App^tition, sf. — <ton, desire 
Appidcemeat, sm. piecing" > 
Appi^cer, vn. to piece 
S'appi6trir, vr. to fade 
Applaner, va. to raise tks wool 

vitk bristly cards 
Applaneur, sm. toool-earder 
Applanir, va. to smootk 
Applanissemwit, sm. smoothing 
* Applanissear, se. s. a polisher 
!Applattr,va. tofiaUen; beat down 
Applatissement, 5m. flattening 
Applaudir, va. to applaud 
Applaudiasemeat, sm. applause 
Applaudiaseur, eommsiuler 
Appl^gement, bailing 
Appl^ger, va. to bail 
Applicable^ 2. a. applicable 
Application, sf. —Hon; study 
Applique, inlaying 
Appliquer, va. to apply; set; 

* put; * lay: ^'w, bestow ; 

* stick up 
Appoint, sm. odd monsy 
Appointement, tUlowancSf decree 
Appoimer, *give aUowanee 
Appointeur, sm. partial judo's' 
Apport, market; country wa3te 
Apportage, carriage 
Apporter, va. to * bring; convey; 

cause; use; raise; start 
Appoaer, to put to or m; * set 
Apposition, sf. —Hon; putting 
Appr^ciateur, sm. appraiser 
Appreciation, sf. appraising 
Appr^cier, va. appraise; rats 
Appr^hender, to apprehend; fear 
Appr^hensif, ve. a. fearful 
Apprendre, va. to ^ learn; hear; 

inform, discover 
Apprenti, e. s. apprentice; novice 
Apprentissage, sm. apprenUee- 

ship; trial 
Appr^t, preparation; painting 

on glass; dressing of fooi; 



Apprdter, va. to pr^are; dress 
Apprdtear, sm. painter on glass 
Apprivoisemenl, taming « 
Apprivoiaer, va. to tame; to ac- 
S' — , to * grow tame 
Appr^henMon, sf. ^sion; fear 
Approbateur, «iii. approver; ap- 

Approbatif, ve. a. approving 
Approbation, sf. —tion 
Approbatrice, approver 
Approchant, e 2. a. somstking 

Approchaat, ad. about 
— , de. pr. near about 
Approche, sf. approach 
Approcber, va. to approach; * 

draw near 
Approfbndir^ to * make de^er; 

to search tnto 
Approfondissement, mi. making 

deeper; iimeitu^alion 
Appropriance, sf. the act of tak- 
ing possession 
Appropriation, — tton 
Approprier, va* to appropriate; 

to adapt; to fit up 
Approvisionnemeiit, sm. supply 

of provisions 
Approvisionner, va. to supply 

with provisions; provide 
Approvisionneur,«iii. provider 
Approuver, va. to approve; to 

like; to allow; consent 
Approximation, sf. —tion 
Appui, sm. support; prop; stay; 

help; defender 
Appui-main, sm. maulstick 
Appu7er,«a. to support; *prop; 

protect, keep up 
—, vn. to press or dwell upon 
9'—, vn. to rely; lean; rest 
Apre, 2. a. rough; eager; hard 
Apremrat, ad. harslUyi, sharply 
Apr^a, pr. ad. after, next to 
Aprdfl coup, too late 
Apr^a quoi, ad. after that; af- 
Apr^a que, c. when, after [row 
Aprea-demain, ad. afier to-mor- 
Apr^a-din^e, */. afternoon 
Apr^B-midi, afternoon 
Aprete, roughness; sharpness; 

eagomosa \ 


Aptitude, sf. aptness 
Apurement, sm. cleanness; ««< 

Apurer, va. to cleanse; settle 
Aquatile, 2. a. aquatic 
Aquatique, 2. a. aquatic;water\ 
Aqueduc, sm. aqueduct 
Aqueux, se. a. water ish; vaterj 
Aquilin, e. hawked 
Aquilon, sm. north-wind 
Aquilonaire, 2. a. northerly 
Arabe, sm. griping usurer; Ar^- 

bian; .Arabic 
Arabeaques, sf. pL arabes&s, 

whimsical ornaments (in paint- 

irSbeese, sf. 

AraSease, */. Arabian « 
Arabique, Arabeaque 2.a.Arabia 
Arable, 2. a. arable 
Arac, sm. arrack 
Arajgn^e, ^. spider; wA 
Aramber, va. to grapple 
Arang, sm. a lazy printer 
Araaement, equal height 
Araser, va. to level, flatten 
Aratoire,a. belonging to husbait^ 

dry {staff 

Arbal^te, cross-bow; Jacobus 
Arbalete & jalet, stone-bow 
Arbal^ter, Da. to shore up; * sta% 
Arbal^trier, sm. cross-bow-man 
Aihoi^txwa,8mpl. pieces oftim- 

ber that * bear up the rafters 

of a roof 
Arbitral^, arbitrage; reference ' 
Arbitraire, 2. a. arbitrary; aJb- 

Arbitraireoient, ad. arbitrarily 
ArbitraI,eMi.(8entence) sf. awari 
Arbitralement, ad, by way of ar- 
Arbitraleur, sm. —tor 
Arbitration, sf. estimation; prit 

Arbitre, (libre,) sm. free-will j 

Arbitrer, va. to arbitrate; order 
Arborer, to hoist; * set up 
Arborise, a. leaved, tufted 
Arbousier, sm. strawberry tree 
Arbre, a tree; beam; mast \ 

Arbre de Diane, chymical tree 
Arbriaaeau, shrub; smail tres 
AibvMet shrub; bush 

ARD ' 

Aic, a bow; ard^sectUn 

A]c-«ii-ciel, rainbo'io 

Aieade, sf. vault; arch; arcade 


tteret of a quack 
Aicboutaat, sm. buttress; ring- 

^boater, oo. to *prop; support 
Aiceaa, stm. archj key 
Aichal, brass wire 
Arcbange, archangel 
Arcbe, sf. arch; ark 
Aithde, sm. vital 
Archelet, sm, little bow 
Archer, an archer; a bowman 
iitbere, sf. a bow-woman 


Aicbetype, archetype; model 
licbev^b^, archbishoprick; 

archbishop's palace 
irchevgqae, archbishop 
i/thidiaconat, archdcaconskip 
Aichidiacon^f archdeaconry 
Afchidiacre, archdeacon 
Aichidue, archduke 
AithidiicJ}^, archdukedom 
ArehiducbeBaef sf. archdutchess 
Aithi^pisGopal, e. a. —pal 
Arthi^piacopat, sm, an archbi- 

skop^s dignity 
irchipedant, errant pedant 
Archipd, —pelag'o 
Archiprdtre, sm. archpriest 
Archipretr6, archpriesthood 
Architecte, arcfiitect 
Architecture, sf. — ture; fabric- 

Architrave, sm, — trave 
Archives;,*/, pi. archives; records 
Arehiviste, sm. keeper of the re- 
Archivolte, arcMvault 
Arebonte, archon^ or chief ma-' 

gistrate in the Greek repttblics 
Arcon, saddlo-boto 
Arctique, 2. a. arctic 
Arctiuin,«fli,»<wt of petty mullein 
Amure, sm. Charles's wain 
Ardelnn, sm, a cringing rascal 
Andemment, ad, ardently 
AMem, sm. pi. St. Anthony's fire 
Aiient, e. a. ardent; burning; 

<a*er; violent; red; fiery 
A- dent, sm. jack-orlantern 
Aideur, sf. ardour; heat; teal 


Ardilloii, sm. tongue of a buckle 
Ardoise, sf. slate 
Ardois^, e. a- of a slatecolour 
Ardoisiere, sf. slate quarry 
Ardre, va. to * burn; constune 
Ardu, e. a. arduous^ hard 
Are, sm. fourteen square yards 

English * 

Ar6ne, sf. sand^ graod; arena, 

Ardner, t>n. to * sink under 
Ardneux, se. a. sandy 
Ardole, sf. circle of a pap 
Ardometre, sm. areometer 
Ar6opage, .Areopagus 
Ar^opa^ite, —giu 
Arer, va. to drag the anchor 
Ar6te,-jr/. fish-bone; edge; ridge 
Argemone, sf. thorny poppy 
Argent, sm, silver; money; ar- 
gent ' 

— vif, ^icksUver 

— monnoy^, coin 

— blanc, silver coin 

Argent comptant, ready money 
Ai^entd, e. a. of a silver colour 
Argenter, va. to silver over 
Argenterie, sf. plate 
Argeateux, se. a. monied 
Aigentier, sm. silversmith; hotise 

steward; purser 
Argentifique, 2. a. — t\/te, that 

which makes silver 
Argentin, e. a. silver coloured 

, of clear sound 

Aigenline, */. silver-weed 
Argenture, jr/. silver plating 
Argile, white day 
Argileux, se. a. clayey 
Argot, sm. dead bough; stub; 

canty gibberish 
Argoter, va. to* cut the stub of 

a tree above the eye 
Argousin, sm. gaUey-sergeant 
Argue, */. wire-dratoing 
Arguer, va. to * wire-draw 
Arguer, to argue; reprove 
Argument, sm. argument 
Argumentant, disputant 
Argumentateur, arguer 
Argumentation, sf. arguing 
Argumenter, vn. to argue 
Argus, sm. Argus, spy 
Ar^utie, sf. quirk, cavil 
Anitnisme, sm. — nism 



Ande, 2. a. ani, barren 
Aridity, sf. — ty, barrennes 
Arien, ne. a. s. an Arian 
Aries, b^lier, sm. Aries, ram 
Ariette, sf. — ta; tune 
Ariser, oo. to lower (a sea term) 
Aristarque, sm. a critic 
Aristocrate, sm. —crat; enslaver 
Aristocratic, sf. —cracy 
Aristocratique, 2. a. — tieal 
Ari^iocratiquement, ad. —call 
Anstodc^mocratie, sf. —cracy 
Aristoddmocratique,2. a. aristo- 

Arithm6ticien, sm. --cian 
Arithm^tique, sf. — metic 
Aritlimdtique, 2. a. —tical 
Arithm^tiquement, ad. — colly 
Arlequin, sm. buffoon, merry-an 

Ariequinade, */. buffoonery 
Armadilie, little Spanish arma- 
da, a light frigate 
Armateur, *j». privateer 
Arme, sf. arm; weapon; ar- 
mour, coat of arms 
Armes blanches, bayonets 
Anne a feu, afire-arm; gun 
Arme de trait, a bow, cross-bow 
Arm^e, sf. army; Jio^ 
Armeline, ermine 
Armement sm. armament; fit- 
ting out a ship 
Armenien, ne. a. s. Armenian 
Ann6nienue, sf. a. bluish stone ' 
Armer, va. to arm; to fit; *tbend; 

S'armer, vr. to arm one's self; 

fortify; defend 
Armet, sm. helmet; head 
Armillaire, 2. (sphere; hollov 

Armilles, sf. pi. mouldings of a 

doric column 
Armlnianisme, sm. — nism 
Arpiinien, ne. a. s. — nian 
Armistice, sm.—tice; truce 
Armoire, sf. cupboard; press 
Armoiries, pi. coat of arms 
Armoise, mugwort; mothioort 
Armoisin, sm. sort of taffeta 
Armorial, book of armory 
Armorier, va. to paint coats of 

Armorique, 2. a. maritime 



Armoriste, gm, armorist; herald; 

Armure, sf. armour 
Armurier,«m. armorer; gujtsmith aromatics; per- 
Aromatiqiie, 2. a. aromatic 
Aromatisation, sf.^tion 
Aromatiser, va. to perfume 
Aromatite, sf. a precious stonCj 

like myrrh 
ArpaiUeur, sm. gold finder 
Arpent, French acre 
Arpentage, land-survey 
Arpenter, survey land; run 
Arpenteur, sm. surveyor 
Arqu6, e. a. arched; bent 
Arquebusade, */. —sade 
Airquebuse, arquebuse 
Arquebuser, va. to* shoot 
Arquebuscrie, sf. trade of a gun- 
smith [smith 
Arqiicbusier, sm. — sier; gun- 
Arquer, vn. to * bend 
Arrachement, sm. pulling out 
Arracher, va. to pidl^ to * draw, 

*pick, * pluck outj or up 
Arracheur de dents, sm. tooth- 
drawer; dentist 

— de core, a eom-eutter 
Arraisonner, v. to argueihecase 
Arrangement, sm. scheme; dis- 
posal; contrivance 

Arranger, va. to * set in order 
Arras, «m a sort of large pairot 
Arrasement, levelling 
Arraser, va. to level 
Arrentement, sm. renting out 
Arrenter, va. to * let out; rent 
Arrdragos, sm. arrears 
Arr6rager, vn. to * be in arrears 
Arrfit, sm. decree; arrest; dis- 
training; re^t; stay; set; stop 
Arr6t6, resolution 

— de confipte, a settled account 
Arreter, va. to * stop; balance; 

determine; arrest 
S'arr5ter, vr. to * stop; *stay; * 

be at a stand; tarry; * forbear 
Arrfeliste, sm. compiler of decrees 
Arrhs, sf. earnest, pledge, money 

Arrhement, sm. the baiting., or 

giving security 
Arrhcr, va. to * give earnest 


Arridre, ad. away 

A rridre de, pr. far from 

Amire, sm. stem, abaft ' 

Arriere-biin, arrierban 

Arri^re-boutique, sf. back-shop 

Arri^re-cbange, sm. interest up- 
on interest 

Arri6re-cour, */. baek-yard 

Arri6re-falx, sm. after birth 

Arri^re-fermier, under-tenant 

,Arri6re-fief, mesne-fee 

Arriere-garde, */. the rear of an 

Arri^re-main, sm. back of the 
hand; back-stroke 

Arriere-neveu, son of a grand- 
child, or nephew 

Arriere petite fille, */. a great- 
grand daughter 

Arricirg petit fils^ sm, great- 


Arrl^re-saison, sf. latter end of 
autu7nn; old age 

Arriere-vassal, sm. under-tenant 

Arri6r6, e. a. in arrears 

Arri6rer, va. to * throw behind- 

S'arrI6rer, wr. to * be in arrears 

Arrimage, sm. stowage 

Arrimer, va. to stow 

Arrimeur, sm. stower 

Arriser, t?a. to lower {the sails of 
a ship) 

Arrivage, sm. arrivaZ of goods 

Arriv6e, */. arrival; coming 

Arrivcr, vn. to arrive; * come; 

* come to pass, happen, befall, 

* fall out, chance 
Arrogamment, ad. proudly; 

Arrogance, */. arrogance; pride 
Arrogant, e. a. arrogant,haugh- 

ty X 

S'arropor, vn. arrogate, claim 
Arrondir, vr. to * make round; 

* give a good turn 
S'arrondir, vr. to * grow round 
Arrondissement, sm. rounding 
Arrosage, watering^ 
Arrosement, watering, soaking 
Arroscr, vr. to water; baste 
Arrosoir, sm. watering-pot 
Arsenal, arsenal 

Anenic, areemcj orpine 


Arsenleal, e. a. —eal 
Art, sm. art, skiU, ability. — B 
n*y n point d'art chea lui, /kt 

is a most candid man 
Arte're, */. artery 
Art6riel, le. a. arterial 
Art6rieux, se. arterious 
Arteriole, sf. small artery 
Art6riologie, sf. —logy 
Art6ritomie, —tomy 
Artbritique, 2. a. —tie 
Articliant, sm. artichoke 
Article, article; jointmatter' 
Articulaire, 2. a. —lar 
Articulation, sf. —tion 
Articuler, va. to articulate 
Artifice, sm. skill; craft; artijh^a 
Artlficiel, le. a. artificxalt artful^ 

Artificielleraent, ad. -^eially; b^ 

Artificier, sm. fire-worker 
Artificieusement, ad. craftily 
Artificieiix, se. a. cunning 
Artillerie, sf. artillery; ordnancn 
ArtiI1eur,'97n. artilleryman 
Artimon, mizsTi-mast 
Artisan, e. s.artifi^er; tradesman 
Artison, sm. wood-louse 
Artisonn6, e. a. worm-eateyt 
Artiste, sm. artist; artificer 
Artisteraent, ad. artfully 
Aruspice, diviner^ soothsayer 
As, sm. ace 
Asbeste, asbestos, a stone vthiek 

fire cannot consume 
A savoir, ad. to wit 
Ascarides, sm^ pi. —des 
Ascendant, sm. — dant; ii\fiueHea 
Ascendant, e. a. ascending 
Ascension, sf. ascension 
Ascensionel, le. a. —nal 
Asccte, s. ascetic; anchoret 
Asc^tique, 2. a. ascetic 
Asciens, sm. pi. ascii 
Ascite, sf. ascites; dropsy 
Ascitique, 2. a. —tic 
Ascyron, sm. St. John's wort 
Asiatique, 2. a. s. .^static; loose 
Asine, (.bfete) he or she ass : 

Aspect, sm. aspect; look; vision 
Asperge, sf. asparagus 
Asperger, va. to besprinkle 
Aspevg^smholy water ;8prinkU 
Asp^rit^, sf* roughness 


AjqKision, besprinkling 
Aapersoir, sm. holy water-stick 
Aq>iK>d^le, am. day lily 
Aspic, 8m. aspf slanderer 
Aspic, aspiCf slanderer 
Aspirant, e. a. a. candidate 
Aspirante, sf. probationer ■ 
Aspiration, sf. — tion; pious eja- 
Aspirer, v. ts aspire; * draw 

breath; aspirate; attract 
Aspre, sm. Turkish coin {jabout 

one penny) 
Aisabler, choke up with sand 
S'— , vr. to run * aground 
Aaraillant^fin. assailant; aggres- 
Assaillir, va. to assault^ attack 
Asaisonnemeat, sm. seasoning 
Asaaisonner, va. to season 
Aasaisonneur, sm. seasoner 
S^AWi^f the favourite sultaness 
Asaasin, sm. assassin, villain 
Aasaaslaant, e. a. very tedious 
Assassinat, sm. assassinationf 

Aasasainer, va. to murder^ kiU; 

plague, vez, tire 
Assart, sm. assault^ storm, onset 
Ass^cher, va. to dry up 
Assecur, sm. a collector 
Agsemblage, assemblage, join- 
ing; union; heap 
Assemblee, */• assembly; meet- 
ing, ball, rendezvous; call 
Assembler, va. to assembte;*meet 
Assener, to * hit the mark 
Assentiment, sm. assent 
Asssoir, va. to * set; * lay; as' 
sees; pitch; fix, 

S' ,* sit down 

Aesennenter, va. to * swear one; 

to confirm by oath 
AK^crteur, sm. assertor; rescuer 
Assertion, sf. assertion 
AsBertivement, ad. affirmatively 
Asservir, va. to subject; enslave 
Asseasiorial, e. o belonging to an 

Aasez, ad. enough 
Asida, e. a. assiduous, constant 
AaStdmVkySf.assiduity^ diligence 
AflridtimeDt, ^^ assiduously 


I Asaidgeant, e. a. besieging 

Assi^ger, va. to besiege; * beset 

Assi^gds, sm. pi. the besieged 

A88iente,8f.slave trade;Assisnto 

Aasientiflte, sm. one who has a 
share in the Assiento company 

Aasi^tte, sf .plate; situation; as- 
sessment; fund; temper; trim 

Aasiett^e, plateful 

A'asignat, sm. mortgage; French 

Assignauon, sf. assignment, 
summons, subpana 

Assigner,va. to assign; to sum- 

AMiinilation,0/. —tion,a making 
like; resemblance 

Aasimiler, va. to assimilate, 
* make like 

AaBimild, ev a. compared 

Assise, sfi lay of stones 

Assises, sf. pi. assizes 

Assistant, e. a. s. an assistant; 

Assistante, sf. a nun that assists 
the abbess 

Assistance, — m; audience 

Assistans, sm. pi. assembly 

Assister, va. to assist; to * be 
present; to help 

Association, sf. —tion; partner- 

Associ^, e. s. partner 

Associer, va. to associate, admit 

A88ommer,to knock down; maul, 

Assommoir, sm. load-stone in a 

Assomption, sf. assumption 

Assonance rhyme 

,As8onttnt, e. a. assonant; chim- 

Assortimcnt, sm. soriment; suit; 

Assortir, va. to * stop; match; 

Assortissant, e. a. matching 

Assot6, e. a. dealing; fond of 

Assoupir, va. to * make drowsy; 
to suppress 

S'— , vr. to * ^010 duU, or sleepy 

Assoupissant, e. a. somniferous 

Assoupissement, sm. heaviness; 

Asaoupllr, va. to supple a horse 

ATI 15 

AHOUidiTi to dMfsn 
Assouvir, to glut; satisfy 
AssouviaMinent, sm. glutting 
Aasujettir, va. to subdue; * over- 

come; submit 
S* — , vr. to subject, tie one's seif 
Aasujettissant, e. a. slavish 
AsBiyettlBBeinent, sm. subjection 
Assurance, sf. —ce, safety; couf 

fidenee; trust; boldness 
AsBur^, sm. proprietor of an in- 
sured ship 
Assure, e. a. sure; confident 
Aasur^ment, ad. assuredly 
Assurer, va. assure; insure; ens' 

Assurance, sf. insurance 
Assureur, sm. insurer 
Ast^risrae, asterien 
Ast^risque, asterisk (*) 
Astiimatique, 2. a asthmatic 
Asthme, sm. asthma 
ABtragale,astragal,8ham liquop- 

Astral, % astral, starry , 
Astre, sm. star 

Astreindre, va. to confine, to tU 
up, * bind 

S' , vr. to stick to 

Astringent, e. a. astringent, coS' 

Astrolabe, sm. cross staff 
Astrologie, sf. —logy 
Astrologique, 2. a. —gical 
Astrologiquement, ad. —caliy 
Astrologue, mi. astrologer 
Astronome, astronomier 
Aatrononae^sf. astronomy. -'L'Mh 
troiogie est chimerique, mats 
I'astronomie est tertaine; as' 
trology is imaginary, but as- 
tronomy is certain 
Astronomique, 2. o> —mical 
Astronomiquement, ad. —caUy 
Astuce, sf. wile, craft 
Asyle, sm. asylum; shelter 
AlermoycRient, delay 
Atormoyer, va. to * put off, delay 
Ath6e, 2. a. s. atheist, atheistical 
Athdtsme, sm. atheism 
AtMnicnne, sf. glass bowl to 

keep curious fish 
Athl6te, sm. athlet, ehampton 
Mhim<\ue, 2. athletic 
AUQter/«a. to * trick, * set out 



AtIantique,2.a.^e2aK t/e, western 

AtiEi8y8m.AUas;&lB0lndian satin 

Atmosphere, sf. atmosphere 

Atome, sm. atom 

Atomiste, aiomist 

Atonie, sf. atony; faintness 

Atouraer, va. to attire^ dress 

Atours, woman^s attire 

Atout, sm. trump 

Atrabilaire, 2. a. —larious 

Atrabile, sf. black-choUr 

Atre, sm. hearth 

Atroce, 3. a. hnnotts^ grievons^ 

Atrocity, sf. hefaousness 

S'attabler, vr. to * sit down -at 

Attachant, e. a. engaging; en- 

Attache, sf. a tie; string; eager- 

Attachement, sm. affection; tie; 

Attacher, va. to tie; fasten; ap- 
ply; endear; allure; a^aeh 

S' — , vr. to apply one's self; to 

* sUck to 

Attaquable, 3. a. that may he atr 

Attaquant, e. a. s. aggressor 
Attaque, sf. attack; insult; fit -^ 
Attaquer, va. to attack; ♦ faJJ 

upon; insult 
Atteindre, va. to reach; attain 
Atteint, e. a. arraigned; affiiett i; 

hit with or by; charged toi^t 
Atteinte, sf. blow; i"'*t;fit 
Attelage, sm. set of hamtf *, or 

Atteler, va. t* * put to, ot- into 
Attelier, sm. workshop 
Atteloir, */. a peg, or pin 
Attenant, ad. next to; near 
Attenant, e. a. contiguous 
Attendant, e. a. that waits 
Attendre, va. to wait; expect; 

* stay; * put off 

S' — , vr. to rely upon; to expect 
Attendrir, va. to soften; affect 
B'—,to* grow tr ' '": to * be af- 
Attendriflsant, e. a. moving 
Attendrissement, rat. resenting; 

Attenda, p for^ <*« ^Monnt of 


Attendu que, e. seeing that 
Attentat, sm. outrage^ attempt 
Attentatoire, 2. a. ulegjd 
Attente, sf expectation, hope 
Attenter, vn. to attempt 
Attentif, ve. a. attentive, intent 
Attention, sf. attention; care 
Attentivemeni , ad. —vely 
Att6nuant, e. i. weakening 
Att^nuatif, vb a. attenuating 
Attenuation, tf.—tion 
Att6nuer, va i« attenuate 
Att^rage, sn . \'anding-place 
Atterrer, va io * throw down; 

Att^riasenk Jitj sm. land increas- 
ed by set -slime 
Atteetatioa, sf —tion; certificate 

sour seruh'-nt, affidavit 

Attester va. attest; aver; call 
AtticisDTe, sm. ■ ticisnm 
Atti^di') va. to tool 
Atti^d'asemerrt sm. coolness 
Attife*, va. ti * trick up 
Attif;t,«m. trinlcets 
AtSiiue,2.a atkie 
Afiquemen afur the manner of 

:he Athenians 
>ltirail, sn. bt^gage; train; 

eqtupage dress 
Attirant, e i. attr^vtive 
Attirer, v^ to attra ct; * draw 
S'attirer, 4r. to * fet into; to 

* win 
Attiser If feu, va. U 9tir the fire; 

to infimne 
Aitiaeur, ee. «. one t»ho stirs the 

Attiaer. ia. to stAors 
Attitre> va. to appoint; to com- 

Attitude, sf. attitude, posture 
Attou ;hement, «m. toiicA; fed- 

ing * 
Attot^her, vn. to * be 'dated 
Attoumance, sf. atturnment 
Attoumement, sm. aUimmejit 
Atti ictif, ve. a. attract've 
Attk action, sf. attractitn 
Attractionnaire, % a.— nary 
Attractrice, a. attractive 
Attraire, va. to entice, allure 
Attrait, sm. allurement, bait 
AttiaitB, pi. charms, bet uty 
Attrape, sf. gin, snare I 


— mouche, sm. gnat-snapper 
Attraper, va. to * catch; * hit; 

* get; cheat; reach; * over* 
take; surprise 

Attrapeur, se. s. catcher^ ncr- 

priser; cheat 
Attrapoir, */. trap; wile . 
Attrayant, e. a. attractive 
Attreniper, va. to temper; dHut* 
Attribuer, to attribuU; ascribe; 

Attribute, sm. attribute 
Attributif, ve. a. attributing 
Attribution, sf. allowance; pri- 
Attristant, e. a. sad, grievous 
Attrister, va. to grieve; afflict 
Attrition, sf. attrition 
Attroupement, sm. tumult; riot 
Attrouper, va. to * get together 
S'— , vr. tofiock in crow& 
Au, art. m. to the; in; with; for; 

S*avachir, vr. tofi^ig 
Avage, sm. hangman*s fees 
Aval, surety for payment 
Aval, ad. downwards; down tiU 

Avalage, sm. letting down 
Avalaison, sf. fiood, torrent 
Avalanges, sf. pi. faU of snow 

from the mountains 
Avalant, sm. ebbing, going dovm 

a river 
Avaler, va. to swaUow;*let dovm 
Avaler, vn. to * go down the ri- 
ver; to hew off' 
1' avaler, vr. to * go down; to 

* hang down too much 
Avaleur, se. s. greedy-gut 
Avaleuf de couleuvres, toad 

eater; mean parasite 
Avaloire, sf. large throat 
Quelle avaloire ! what a guzzler ! 
Avance, sf. advance; step; out- 
Avancement, sm. ^eferment; 

advancement; progress; for* 

Avancer, va. to advance; * set 

forth; forward; hasten; * go 

too fast; avail; jut out 
S' avancer, rr, to move; * coin0 

or * go forward; * get prefer- 


Avaide, af. cppreanou; huuil 
AvaBt,.#m. prow 
Avant, pr. before; f&rward; deep 
Avantage, tm. advantage^ en- 
dowment privilege; honour^ 
victory; odds; bretik-head 
Avantager,va. to bestow; gratify 
Av^tageuaement, ad. profita- 
bly; favourably 
kvtMtageuXf 9&.a.advantageous. 
— Une taiUe avantageuse, a 
jtne shape 
Avant-bec, sm.jtMing-stones of 

a bridg-e 
Avant-corps, fore-part 
Avant-Gour, */• foro-eourt 
ATant-coureuri sm, forerunner; 

ATant-couri^re, sf. harbinger 
Avaat-ib0s6, sm,foro-diteh 
Avaat-garde, sf. vanguard 
Avant-goiit, sm. foretaste 
AY9Bt-iuertad.dayJbefore yester- 
Ayant-logia, sin. fore-house 
Avant-mur, outward wall 
Avant-TeilJe, sf. fore vigil 
Avant-jour, tinu before sunrise 
ATant-main, forehand stroke; 

forepart of a horse 
Ayam-midi, time before noon 
Avant-propoSf preamble 
Avant-toit, house-cave 
Avant-train, fore-wheels 
Avare, 2. a. covetous^ sordid 
Avare, s. a miser 
Avarement, ad. covetously 
Avaricef sf. covetousness 
Avaricieiuc, ae. a. avaricious 
Ayari6, e. a. averaged, damaged 
Avarie, sf. average^ damage 
Avaries, pi. average, loss 
Ayaate, stop {sea-term) 
A-yaii-reau, ad. down the river 
Aabade, sf. aubade; reprimand 
Aabain, sm. tUien 
Aubainage, escheatage 
Aabaine, sf. wind-fall; escheat 
Aube, sf. daybreak 
Aubepine, hawthorn 
Anberge, inn; alberge 
Anbcrgiste, sm. innkeeper 
Aabier, sm. hasU-tree; sap 
Aobifoin, comfiower 
Aubin, wbua of an egg 


Aoeiui, e. a. «•; none; soma 
Aucunementf ad. not at aU 
Audace, sf. boldness; audacity 
— , a stay {for a hat) 
Audacieiisement, ai. boldly 
Audacieuxt se. a. audacious 
Au-^eci, pr. on this side 
Au-dela, beyond 

Audience, sf. audience; hearing 
Audiencier, sm. crier of a court 
Auditeur,— tor; disciple; judge 
Aiiditif, ve. a. auditory 
Audition, sf. audit; hearing 
Auditoire, sm. sessions house; 

Avec, pr. with; withal; for; 

against; by; in 
Avciadre, va. * take, fetch out 
Aveline, sf. filbert 
A velinier, sm. filbert-tree 
Aveniaige} avenage; kind of 

Avenant, e.a.becoming: suitable 
Av^nement, sm. accession; com- 
Avenir, vn. to happen; chaTice 
Avenir, em. summons; future 
A r avenir, ad. henceforth 
Avent, sm. advent 
Aventure, «/. adventure; event; 

fortune; love 
Aventurer, va. to venture- 
Aventureux, ae. a. venturesome 
Aventuder, e. a. s. adventtirer 
Avenue, sf. avenue; walk 
Av6rer, va. to prove; aver 
Averne, sm. hell (in poetry) 
Averse, sf. heavy shower 
Aversion, sf. aversion; hatred 
Avertin, sm. eraziness 
Avertineox, se. o. frantic 
Avertir, va. to warn; inform 
Avertiasement, sm.- advertise- 
ment; warning; caution 
Aveu, confession; consent 
Aveugle, a. s. blind 
^veugle-n6, e. stone-blind 
Aveuglement, sm. blindness 
Aveugl^ment, ad. blindly 
Aveugler, va. to blind; dazzle 
'.— to erect a battery against 
Aveuglette A Taveuglette, ad. 



\groptngy rasMy 
iRuge, */. trough; t 
Aug6et atrayfuU 

Aiiget,««. drawer of a birdcage^ 

sposi of a mill itopper ~ 
Augment, ^otiitiir«; augment 
Augmentatif, ve.-o. — tative 
Augmentation, sf. —tion 
Augmenter, va. to augment^ in- 
crease; eidarge 
Augural, e. a. 0/ on amgWi a»* 

Augure, swu augury; augur; 
■ omen 

Augurer, va. to augurate 
Auguste, 2. a. august; royal 
Augustement, ad. majestically 
Auguslin, sm. .Austin friar 
I Augustine, sf. .Austin nun 
Avide, 3. a. greedy; eager 
Avidement, ad. eagerly 
AviditA^^f.eagerness; greedineas 
Aviltr, va. to disgrace, abate 
Avilisaement, sm. abasement 
Aviner, va. season with wine 
Aujourd'hui, ad. to-day; now 
Aviron, sm. oar 

A vironner, va. to draw with oar.9 
Avis, sm, advice; opinion; in- 

telligenee; motion; project 
Avis6, e. a. prudent; crafty 
Aviser, vn. to consider; spy; 
descry; warn; look Ut; * think 
of; resolve 
S^a.xiaer^*bethink one's self 
Avitaillement, sm. victualling 
Avitailler, va. to victual 
Avitailleur, sm. victualler; agent 
Aviver, va. to brisk up; polish; 
Avlvcs, stoelUng [hew 
Aulique, "2. a. aulic act 
Aumailles, sf. pi. black cattle 
Aumdne, */. cdms, charity 
Aumdn6c, giving of bread to the 

poor after funeral obsequies 
Aumdner, va. to bestow alms 
Aumdnerie, sf. almoner's digni- 
ty; almonry 
Aurndnier, e. a. charitable 
Aum6hier, sni. chaplain 
Aumuce, sf. aumuss 
Aunage, sm, measuring bp ells 
Aune, sf. an eU 
Aune, sm. alder 
Auner, va. to measure by the cU; 

Auneur, sm. alnager _^}i^ 
Avocaaser,*bea petufog- 



Avoeaaserie, «/. petiifogtring 
\YOC9Xy tm. lawyer^ adooeaU 
Avocat plaidant, barrister 

— consultantf chamber counsel 
Avocate, sf. advocate^ mediatrix 
Avoine, Aveine, oats 
Avoines, pi. standing oats 
Avoir, va. to * Aa»e, * kave got; 

to be 

— faitn, to * be hungry 

— 9olf, to * be thirsty 

-^ chaud, to * be warm or hot 

— froid, to * be cold 
Avoir beau—, invain 
Avoir, sm. substance 
Avoisincr, va. to border on 
Avortement. sm. miscarriage 
Avorter, vn. to miscarry; abort 
Avorton, sm. <U>ortive child; 

Avou6, avowee; protector 
Avou6, avoyer; avoyee 
Avouer, va. to own; avow 
Avouerie, sf. advowson 
Auparavant, ad. before 
AuprSs, pr. near; about; by; to 
Aupr^s, ad. hard by; close by 
Aurdole, */. glory; crown 
Auriculaire, 2. a. — lar 
T^moin, —. ear witness 
Aurifique, 3. a, that converts in- 
to gold 
Aurinas, cheval aurillas, long- 
eared horse 
Avril, sm. .April; prime 
Aurone, sf. wild wormwood 
Aurore, dawn; aurora; yellow; 

the east; a fair virgin 
Aurore Bor^ale, aurora borealis 
Auspice, sm. auspice, omen, pa- 
AussI, e. also, sOftoOybutftruly^as 
AuBsi-bien, for; as well 
Aussi-peu, as little [soon 

Aussi-tdt, ad. immediately; as 
Ati8si-t6t-que, e. as soon as 
Auatdre, 2. a. austere, rigid 
Austdrement, ad. severely 
Aust^ritd, sf. austerity, rigour 
Austral, e. a. southern, austraUs 
Autan, sm. south wind 
Autant, ad. as much, so much; as 

much, as many 
Autant que, e. as much as; as 
far as; 


Autel,a/tar; rdigiou (tn poetry) 
Auteur, sm. author; maJker; 

writer; owner; inventor 
Authenticity, sf. — eity 
Authontique, 3. a, authentic 
Authentique, sf. authmtie; Ro- 
man laws 
Authentiquement, ad. —caUy 
Authentiquer, va. to prove 
Autoc^phale, sm. -^lus, i. e. his 

own rvier, or muster 
Autocratle, sf. despotic govern- 
Autocthones, pi. aborigines 
Auto-da-f6, sm. auto-de-fe 
Autographe, sf. <$* in. autogra- 
phy, original writing 
Automate, sm. automaton; a 

Automnal, e. a. autumnal 
Automne, sf. autumn 
Autonomie, autonomy; liberty 
Autopsie, autopsy; medittUion 
Autorisation, impowering 
Autoriser,oa. to impower; justify 
3'—, pr. to * get credit 
Autoritd, */. authority; power 
Autour, j»r. about, round 
Autour, sm. goss'hawk 
Autre, pr. other, another [fore 
Autrefois, ad. formerly, hereto- 
Autrefois, sf. another time 
Autrement, ad. otherwise; also 
Autrepart, elsewhere 
Autruche, sf. ostrich 
Autrui, sm. others, other people 
Auvent, pent-house; fence 
Auvemat, a sort of red heady 

Aux, art. pi. to the 
Auxilialre, 2. a. auxiliary 
Axe,^m. axis, axle-tree 
Axillairc,2. a. axillary 
Axinomancc, sf. —maney 
Axiome, sm. axiom, maxim 
Ay, ave, int, ay! oh! ah! 
Ayeuf, sm. grandfather 
Ayeule, */. grandmother 
Ayeux, sm. pi. forefathers 
Aze, sm. an ass 
Azimut, azimuth 
Azimutal, e. a. azimuthal 
Azur, sm. lapis latvU, azure ^ 
Aznr, sky-colour 
Azurd, e. 0. sky-eolovr9d 


Azyme, 2. a. imleavemd 
Azymes, sm. axynus 
Azymite, s. azymiu 


B— mol, sm. B-fiat 
B-quarre, B-sharp 
Babel, (tourde,) sf. confused 

place or affair 
Babeurre, sm. butter-milk whep 
Babiche, sf. lap-dog 
Babichon, sm. lap-dog 
Babil, chat, talkativeness 
Babiilard. e. a.chatterer, praUldf 
Babiller, va. to chat, prattle 
Babine, sf. lip of beasts 
Babiole, bauble, toy 
Babord, sm. larboard 
Babouche, sf. jjsiatie slippers 
Babouin, sm. baboon; simpleton 
Babouiner, v. play the rogue 
Bac, sm. ferry-boat \ 
Bacaliau, stock-fish 
Baccalaureat, bachelorship 
Bacchanale, sf. tumultuous do* 

bauch; Bacchanal 
Bacchanales, Bacchus^s feast 
Bacchanal iser, vn. to bacehanor 

Use; to revel 
Bacchante, sf. termagant; bac 

Bacha, sm. a bashaw 
Bachelette, sf. damsel 
Bacheller, sm. bachelor of arts; 

a knight 
Bachique, 2. a. drunken, merry 
Bachot, sm. wherry 
Bachoteur, wherryman 
Bacler, va. to * make fast; con- 
Baculer, to thrash, cudgel 
Baculom^trie, sf. —metry 
Badaud, e. s. booby; cockney 
N. B. Badaud at Paris answers 

to the word Cockney in London 
Badaudage, siUiness 
Badander, vn. to ^ape about 
Badauderie, sf. siUy behamow 
Badigeon, »m. plaster of Paris 
Badigeonner, va. to plaster with 

plaster of Paris 
Badin, e. a. s. playful^ wanton 


Badinage, am. sport, play 
Badinant, ahorse of reserve 
Badinemont, ad. wantonly 
Badine, sf. light walking switch 
Badiner, va. tojestyplay 
Badinerie, sf.jest; silly trifle 
Badines,|yZ. smaU tongs 
Bafetas, sm, a sort of cotton 
Bafoaer, va. to ridicule;'abuse 
Bafre, sf. guttling 
E4frer, vn. to guttlo^ 
Bifreur, sc. s. guttler 
Bagage, sm. baggage^ higgoge 
Baj^rre, sf. brawl^ strife, ajfiay 
Bagatelle, trifle, toy 
Baeatelle, tnU stuff I away! 

— Vive la bagatelle, away with 

sorrow and care 
Bagateiiier, sm. tri/ler 
BagatelliBte, toy-man 
Cazne, sm. the place where the 

Turks confine their slaves 
Bagnolet, «7n. Dagnolettc, sf. a 

kind of teaman's head-dress 
Bague, sf. ring 
Bagae sauves, clear, safe 
Baguenaude, bladder-nut 
Baguenauder, vn. to trifle' 
Baguenaudier, sm. trifier 
Baguer, va. to baste; to * give 

rings and jewels to one's Inide 
Baguette, sf. wand; rod; stick 
Baguettes, pi. gantelope 
Baguier, sm. ring-ease 
Bahut, trunk 
Bahatier, trunk-maker 
Bai, e. a. bay-coloured 
Bai-biun, brown-bay 
Bai-chlLtain, of a ehcsnut colour 
Bai-clair, bright bay 
Bai-dor6, yellow dun 
Bai-mirouette, bright dappled 

Baie, sf. bay berry; flam; gap 
fiaie, bay-gulf 
Baigner, va- to bathe; soak; to 

Baigneur, ae. s. bather; bagnio- 
Baignoir, ini. bathing-place 
Baignoire, sf. bathing- tub 
^ai\,sm. lease 
Baiie, the Venetian ambassador, 

at Ckw^tantinople ; a judge, in 



Bailie, sf. large sea-tub 
B&iUemfOit, sm. yawning 
Btliller, on. to gape, yawn 
Bailler, va. to * give, reach, de- 
—A ferme, to lease; * let out 
Bftilleur, se. s. yawner 
BaiUeur, sm. leaser 
Bailleresse, sf. leaser 
Bailli, bailiff: judge; seneschal 
Bailiiage, bailiwick 
BailUve, sf. baUiff^a wife 
BiLilloB, sm. gag 
B&illonner, va. to ga^ 
Bain, sm. bath, bagnio 
Bain-marie, balneum maria 
Bajoue, sf. hog's cheek 
Bairam, sm. a solemn Turkish 

BaisemaJna, sf. pi. complinents, 

Baisement, sm. kissing 
Baiscr, sm. kiss, buss 
BaiBeur, ae. a kisser 
Baisotter, va. to kiss often 
Baiasc, sf. dtminution in value 
Baisser, v. to * let down; bow; 
stoop; lower; * strike; de- 
crease; ♦ fall; * sink 
BaisBi^re, sf. tilt; sediment 
Baisure, hissing crust 
Bal, sm. a ball, dance 
Balade, sf. a ballad 
Baladine, e. s. dancer at shows; 

buffoon; fop 
Balaf re, sf. gash; slash; rent 
Balafrer, va. to slash; gash 
Balai, sm. broom; besom 
Baiais (rubis) a^ne ruby; a very 

red pimple 
Balance, sf. balance; libra; scale 
Balance, sm. a balance {indanp- 

Balancement, balancing 
Balancer, va. to balance, poise, 

Se , * siding; hover 

Balancier, sm. balance-maker; 
balance of a watch; fly. of a 
jack; beam of the scales 
Balancines, sf. pi. lifts 
Balancoir, sm. see-saw 
Balandran et Balandras, old 
fashioned great coat; ill * 
made garp^ent; dumsy-fellow 

Balayer, va. to 

Balayer, to kiU, . CU 

or from a post (iK 
Balayeur, ae. «. tfw 

broom man, or womoK 
Balayures, sf. pU swee^. 

what the sea throws up 
Balbutiement, sm. stammering 
Baibutier, vn. to stammer; Usp 
Balcon, sm. balcony 
Baldaquin, canopy 
Baleine, sf. whale, whalebons 
Baldnon, sm. young whale 
Balenas, pixzle of a whale 
Balevre, sf. under lip 
Balise, buoy, or mast 
Baliser, v. to * set buoys, masts 
Balistaire, a 'military ifffiesr 

among the Romans 
Baiiste, sf. balista 
Balivage, ^m. the marking of 

pollards in a forest 
Bdiliveoin, pollard, stander 
Baliverncr, vn. to trifle 
Balivernea,*/.;;/. ribaldry, trifles 
Balladej sf. ballad, song 
Ballant, a. swinging 
Balle, sf. bullet, baU; bale 
Balleram^e, a cross-bar shot 
Bailer, vn. to dance 
Ballet, sm. interlude; ballet 
Ballon, sm. football; balloon; 

sort of boat in Siam 
Ballon aCrostatique, air balloon, 

vid. Aerostat 
Ballonnier, football-maker 
Baln^able, 2. a. belonging to the 

Balot, 901. bale, packet 
Balotade, sf. bounding of a horse 
BaJotation, balloting 
Ba!ote, voting-ball 
Bn]olCT,vn.toballot; discuss; toss 
Balotin, sm. the boy who receives 

the voting-ball^^c. B\sfiasjnoll 

bale; sort of orange-tree 
Balourd, e. s. loggerhead 
Balourderic, BaJourdlBe, sf. a^ 

Balaamine, balsam 
Balsamique, 3. a. balsamte 
Balustrade, a/, baluster, rails 
RaluEtre, sm. rail, baluster 
Balustr^, e. a. omamsntea wtth 

bali^stersiW rails 


»r, va. to rail in 

Balzan, black, or bayhorae 

Bambin, am. ajtabe 

Bambochade, sf. groteaque pie- 

B&mboche, akrim; puppet 

Barnbou, am. bamboo, aort of In- 
dian catta 

Ban, banna; outlawry; exUe 

Banal, e. a. common 

Banality, af. the righta of • ma- 

Banane, af. banana 

Bananier, am. banana-tree 

Banc, bank; bench; aeat; pew; 
form; aand 

Banc de sable, aa-^d-bank 

Banc du Roi, King^a bench 

— common, common pleaa 
^ Bancs, pi. public diaputationa 

Bancalle, af. little bandy-legged 

Banceile, long form 

Bancroche, am. little handy-leg- 
• gedman 

Bandage, bandage; truaa; bind- 
ing iron platea 

Bandagiste, truaa-maker 

Bande, af. band; fillet; gang; 
link: throng; aide 

Bandeau, am. fillet; veil; peak; 
wreath.-^TJne grosse pension 
est un grand bandeau, a large 
pension ia a thick veil 

Bandelette, af. little filUt 

Bander, va. to * bind; atirrup; 
* bend; * atand; cock; bandy 

Se — , vr. to cover; overlook; 
unite in a league 

Bandereau, am. atring for a 

BanderoUe, af. atreamer; banne- 

Bandit, am. robber; pander 

Bandoulier, vagabond 

Bandoulidre. af. bandoleer; 

Banlieue, precinct 

fianne, tiUfor a boat; cabin 

Banner, va. to cover with a tilt 

Banneret, a. m. banneret 

Banneton, am. a eauf 

Bannettc, af. aort of baaket; a 
certain number ofhidee 

Banni^re, banner^ etatuUtrd 


Bannir, va. to baniah 
Se — , vr. to withdraw from 
Bannissable, 2. d. baniahable 
Bannissemcnt, am. exile 
Banque, af. bank 
Banqueroute, bankruptcy 
Bangueroutier, e. a. bankrupt 
Banquet, am. a banquet, feaat 
Banqueter, vn. tofeaat 
Banqueteur, am. feaatcr • 

Banquette, af. raiaed way 
Banquier, am. banker 
Baptdme, baptism 
Baptismal, e. baptiamal 
Baptiste, a. baptist 
Baquet, bucket; tray; trough 
Baqueter, v. to acoop out water 
Baquetures, */. pi. droppinga 
Bar, am. handbarrow, barb 
Baraque, af. barrack, hut 
Baragoiun, am. gibberish; cant 
Baragouinage, gibberish; cant 
Baragouiner, v. to * apeak gib- 

Baragoulneui, se. who speaks 

Barraquer, va. to make barracks 
Barralte, */. a chum 
Barrater, vr. to chum, cheat 
Barba^ne, *«/. kind of fort; a 

Barbare, 2. a. a. barbarous; 

rude; barbarian 
Barbarement, ad. barbarously 
Barbaric, sf. barbarity; rudeness 
Barbarisme, sin. barbarism 
Barbe, sf. beard; lappet; flap- 
pet; waddle; barbie 
Barbe, im. a Barbary horse 
Barbes, sf. pi. whiskers of a cat, 

<vc. feathers of a quill, bar- 

Barb6, e. a. bearded 
Barbeau, am. a. barbel 
Barbell, e. a. bearded 
Barberie, af. profeaaion of ahav- 

Barbet, mi. a apaniel, a UU-taU 
Barbette, af. stomacher for mnw 
Barbiche, lap-dog 
Barbichon, am. email lap^g 
Barbier, a barber,tonaor 
Barbifier, va. to ahave 
BarbUlon, am. little barbel 
Barboo, a gray-beard 


Barbon, ne. a. moroae; peevish 
Barbonni^, am. pecviahneaa 
Barbote, sf. eel-pout 
Barboter, v. to mutter; mnddU 
Barboteur, am. a dunce 
Barbotine, sf. worm-seed 
Barbouillage, sm. daubing; lum- 

Barbouiller, va. to daub; perplex; 

Se •— , vr. to fiaub one's ace; * 

loseone'a character 
Barbouilleur, se. dauber; acriih 

Barbu, e. a. bearded 
Barbue, af. a dab, quickaet, vine 
Barbuquet, am. chap; acab 
Barcarolle, «/. a Venetian ballad 
Bardane, af. burdock 
Barde, bard; slice of bacon 
Bardeau, sm. shingle 
Barder, va. to cover with a slice 

of bacon; to bard 
Bardes, sm. partition 
Bardeur, day-labourer 
Bardot, small mule; drudge; in- 
complete book 
Barge, sf. a barge; boat 
Barguij^nage, sm. haggling 
Barguigner, haggle; waver 
Barguigneur, se. s. haggler 
Baril, am. barrel, rundlet 
Barillet, keg; barrel of a watch 
Bariolagc, medley of colours 
Bariol6, e. speckled 
Barnabite, sm. bamabile 
Barnacle, sf.'Sea-duek 
Barocher, va. to daub 
Barom^tre, sm. barometer, 100a- 

Barom^trique, 3. a. —trical 
Baron, sm. a baron 
Baronnage, baronage 
Baronnet, a baronet 
Baronne, sf. baroness 
Baronnie, barony 
Baroque, 2. a. rough; odd 
Baroscope, am. baroaeqpa, hare* 

Barot, a beam 
Barotin, email beam 
Barque, af. a bark 
Barqtieiolle, little fiahing^oal 
Barrage, am. paaaage-UM 
Barrager, toU-gat/urer 


Bane, tf. a bar; spar; wJup- 

staff; cross-bar; barrier 
Barrea, pi. pari of a horse's ne- 
ther Jaw 
Baneau, sm. bar; little bar; 

court; lawyers 
Barrer, va. to bar; ♦ stop; *kHit 

fast; erase 
Barrette, sf. bonnet, cap 
Bairicade, barricade 
Barricader, va. to barricade 
Barriere, sjfAtarrier; hinderance; 

gate; list, 
BamquCf hogshead 
Bqiriquot, sm. small barrel 
BaitaveUe,«/.Zar^« redpartridge 
Baiaes,*/- P^- canister (in tohich 

tea is brought from China) 
B^ se. a. tow, shaUoWt Ao'«; 

mean; faint; short 
Bas fond, sm. fiat, shallo 

— peuple, populace., mob 

— relief, basso relievo 
Bas, m. a stocking^ hose 
Bas, ad. down, lov 

Bas, sm. bottom; foot; lover 

BasaJte, sm. a kind of black mar- 

ble; a touchstone 
Basane, ^f. tanned shttp^s Ua- 

Basan6. e. a. tawny 
Basbord, om. the larboard 
Bascule, sf. swipe; swing gate; 

Base, basts 

Baser, va. to settle; fix^ establish 
Basilic, em. basilisk; sweet basil 
Basilicon, — con 
Basiiique, sf. stately ekurcht 

court of justiee 
Basilique, 3. a. basUical 
Basin, sm. dimity 
Basoebe, sf. the company of law- 
yers' clerks of th^ parliament 

of Paris 
Basocliien, sm. an officer of the 

company of lawyers'' clerks 
Basque, sf. skirt of a doublet 
Basse, the bass, in music 
Basse continuci, a thorough boos 

— taiUe, counter tenor 

— de viole, bass viol 
Baaie-coiir, poultry yard 
Baase-foflBe, dungeon 


Baase-ToUe, the main or foresail 

Basses, pL shallows, fiaU 

Baasement, ad. lowly, meanly 

Bassesse, sf. base action 

Basset, sm. terrier-dog of a low 

Baasette, sf. a basset, a game 

Baasiers, sm. pi. fiats; heap of 

Bassin, sm. basin; pan; vase; 

• scale 

, a wet dock 

Bassine, sf. a pan 

Bassiuer, va. to warm; bathe 

Bassinet, sm. small basinorpan; 
nozzle; pan of a gun 

, (fleur,) butter-fioaer 

Bassinoire, sf. wanning pan 

Basso n, sm. bassoon 

Bastant, e. a. sUf^ient 

Baste, ad. int. be it so 

Baste, sf. basket, sort of stuff 
made with the bark of trees 

Baste, sm. basto, ace of clubs 

Baster, va. to suffice 

Basterne, sf. a cart 

Bastide, sm.neat country seat (so 
called in Provence) 

Bastille, sf. the Bastile 

Bastille, e. a. fortified with tow- 
ers (in heraldry) ' 

Bastion, sm. bulwark; bastion 

Bastionn6, e. a. in the form of a 

Bastoimade, sf. bastinado 

Bastonner, va. to bastinado; 

BilLt, sm. pack-saddle; tail 

Bataille, sf. a battle, fight 

Batailler, vn. to struggle hard 

Bataillon, sm, battalion 

Batard, e. a. s. bastard; wild; 
false; mongrel 

B^tardeau, sm. a dam 

B4tardi6re, sf. nursery 

B&tardise, bastardy 

B&teau, sm. boat 

Batelage, trick; fare 

Batel^e, «/./ar«, boatfull—Vne 
batel^e de gens, a great crowd 

Batelet, sm. little boat 

Bateleur, merry-andrew ; jug- 

Batelier, waterman 

Bat^e, baptism, ekristening 



B&ter, va. to saddle with a padt- 

Bkt\er,sm.maker of paek-aaddleo 
Batifoler, vn. to romp; to toy 
B&timent, sm. building; ship 
B^tir, vn. to * build; to baste 
Bati^r, to baptize, christen 
Biltisde, sf. the building 
Bdtisseur, sm. great builder 
Batiste, baptist 
Batiste, sf. cambric, lawn 
Batiatdre, sm. ehurch-certifieate 
B:\ton, a stick, staff, cudgel 
Batonner, va. to cudgel; score; 

B&tonnet, sm. a tipcat 
B&tonnier, staffman 
Battage, thrashing 
Battant, c/ofiper folding; beat 

Batte, sf. rammer; paving beetle 
, beater ; sloping -bench ; 

bolster; tail of a fish 
Batte a beurre, chum-staff 
Battemcnt, sm. beating; elof 

ping; stamping 
Batterie, sf. battery; squabble 

— de cuisine, kitchen tackle 
Batteur, ee. *. beater, thrasher 
Batteur de pav^, sm. idle fdUm 

— en grange, a thrasher 
Batteurs d'estrade, scouts 
Battoir, battledore, beetle 
Battologie, sf. tautology 
Battre, vO. to * beat; strike; bat- 

Se—, «r. to * fight 

Se fair©—, to ♦ get one's self beat 

Battre Testrade, to scour; ecout 

— inonnoye, to coin 

— le bl6, to thrash com 

— le beurre, to chum 

— les cartes, to shuffle 

— des maims, to * clap 

— de Taile, to fiap, flutter 
Battures,.*/. pl.breakers; shelves 
Bavard, e. *. boaster; babbler 
Bavarder. vn. to boast 
Bavarderie, sf. boasting 
Bavaroise, tea sweetened with 

syrup of capiUaire 
Baubi,«»i.a Aorrier; larre hound 
Baudet,an ass; tressel; hammo^ 
Baudrier, shoulder-belt 
Bave, */. slQxer, drvotl 



Baver, vn. to alaver^ drivel 

Bavotte, sf. a bib 

Baveur, ae. a. slabber er 

Baveuse (chair) ef. proud flesh 

Bavocher, va. to pnnt dimly 

Bauge, af. soil of a wild boar; 
sort of mortar; aort of drugget 

Baume, am, balm; balaam 

Baumier, balm-tree 

Bavoch6, e. a. rough; dim; 

Bavolet, am. head-dress 

Bavolette, sf. country lass 

Bayer, vn. to ga^e 

Bayette, sf. a kind of baize 

Bayeor, se. s. a gaper 

Bayonnette, sf. bayonet 

Bdant, e- a. gaping; open 

B^at, e. s. sanctimonious 

Beatification, sf. ^tion 

B^atifier, va. to beatify 

B^atifique, 2. a. beatific 

B^atilles, sf. tit-bits; giblets 

Beatitude, —tude; bltss 

Beau, bel, belle, a. fine; hand- 
some; beautiful; fair 

Beau-pdre, sm. father-in-law 

Beau-fils, son-in-law 

— fr^re, brother-in-law 
BeUe-m^re, sf. mother-in-law 

— fille, dayghter-in-law 

— aoBur, sister-in-law 
Beaa, am, excellence^ fineness 
Beaucoup, ad. mueh^ many 
Beau-pr6, sm. bowsprit 
Beaut6, sf. beauty; fineness 
Bee, sm. beak; bill; rub; snout 
Bee d'aigui^re, gullet 
Beo-de-corbin, pincers; halberd; 

cane with a curved head 

— de lampe, socket 

— d« terre, point 

— de plume, nib 

— de cigogne, ou bee de grue, 
geranium;8torkbilLQi: crane^s- 

Bee de li^vre, hare lip 
B^carre, a b sharp in music 
Bicaase, sf. woodcock 
B^caasc de mer, sea-pie 
B6ca8seau,«m.a young woodcock 
B^caasine, sf. a snipe 
Becflgue, sm. becet^o 
B6che, sf. a spade . 
B^ch^o, ott becqu6e, biU-fuil 


Bftcber, va. to dig 

B^chique, 2. a. peetoralt stomas 

Becqu^e, sf. billful 
Becqueter, va. to * peck 
Bedaine, sf. paunch, gats 
Bedeau, sm. beedle^ verger 
Bedon, sm. fat man; tiUtret 
B6er, oa. to gape; hanker 
Beffroi, sm. belfry; alarm-bell , 
B^gayement, stammering 
B^gayer, v. to stammer, * lisp 
B^gue, 2. a. 9. stammerer 
B^gueule, sf. a silly conceited 

B^guin, sm. biggin, cap 
B^guinage, nunnery 
B^guiDe, sf. stale maid; nun 
Bejaane,ffm. young bird; a booby 
Beignet, a fritter 
Beirain, one of the Turkish lents 
Bel, a. fine, handsome^ vid. Beau 
B^lan^, sf. bilander, a smaU 

coasting vessel 
B61antf e. a. bleating 
B6Iement, sm. bleating 
Bdler, vn. to bleat 
Belette, sf. weasel 
Belief, ram; Jiries; battertng- 

Belinge, tf. sort of Unsey-wolsey 
Belitre, sm. a scoundrel 
Belitrerie, sf. roguiskness 
Belle, sf. a handsome woman 
Belle-de-nuit, night-shade 
BeUe-fiUe, af. daughter-in-law 
Belle-soBur, sister^n-law 
Bellement, ad, softly 
Bellig^rant, e. a. at war 
Belliqoeux, se. martitU, warlike 
Bellot, te. pretty 
Belouse, sf. billiard, hazard 
Belouser, va. to hazard 
Se — , vr, to * mistake 
Beiv^der, sm. a turret; terrace 
B^mol, ab fiat in music 
B^woMab, e. a, marked with a 

B6n6dicite, sm, grace before 

B6n6dicte, an electuary 
Benediction, sf. a blessing 
Benefice, sm, benqfit, living 

— simple, sinecure [ing 

— & cbaige d'&mes aparish liv- 


Beneficence, sf. bounty 
Beneficial, e. a* belonging to « 

Benencier, sm. incumbtnt 
Benet, a. s. silly; a ninny « 
Benevole, 2. a. kind, friendly 
Benignement, ad. kindly 
Benignite, af. —ty, goodness 
Benin, m. Benigne, /. a. benign 
Benjamin, sm, a darling child 
Benjoin, sm. benjamin Xagum 
Benir, va. to bless, preserve 
Benit, e. Beui, e. a. blessed^ 

praised; holy 
Benitier, am. holynoater pot 
Bequeter va. to *ptck 
Bequillard, am^ one that walks 

with a crutch; old dotard 
Bequille, af. a crutch 
BequUler, vn, to walk with 

Bercail, sm. sheep-fold; pale 
Berceau, cradle; bower; vault; 

Bercer, va. to rock, amuse 
Be—, vr. to flatter one's self 
Bergame, af. sort of hangings 
Bergamote, bergamot pear; es- 
sence, perfume, a sort of scent- 
ed snuff 
Berge, high beach, barge 
Berger, sm. shepherd 
Bergere, sf. shepherdess 
— , sort of woman^s cap, sort of 

easy elbow chair 
Betgerie^ sheep-fold, flock 
Bergeries, pi pastorals 
Bergeronnette, sf. wagtail; coun- 
try lass 
Bergerot, sm. little shepherd 
Bericliot, hedge-sparrow 
Beril, beryl 

Berle, sf. water parsley 
Berlioc, a berlin 
Berliii|[0t, or Breiingot, sm. small 

carriage, gig 
Berlue, sf. (Rmness of sight 
Beraie, a berm; covered way 
Bernable, 2. a. who deserves to 
. be tossed in a blanket 
Bernardiere, sf. sort of pear 
Beme, toss in a blanket; an 

Bernement, sm. tossing in a 
blanket; banter 

Benwr, va. to * toss tn • blank- 
et; to ridie*i« 

Baneui, om. toaaer in a blank- 

Bcrnides, of. pU nothing; pshaw 

Besace^. of. a toaUet 

Bcsacier, sm» beggar 

Besaigre, 2. a. sourish 

Begaigu«, sf. a ttotf-hiU 

Besant, sm. besant 

Beaiclce, sf. UmpU-glasses 

Beeogne, vork^ labour 

Beaogner, vn. to toork 

BeflQin, sm. toantf need^ lack 

Besson, ne. a twin^ 

Bestiace, sf. a ninny 

Bestiaire, sm. one that is exposed 
to wild beasts 

Bestial, e. a. beastly y brutish 

B«8tJaleineDt, ad. beastly 

B<!8tialit^, sf. beastliness 

Bestiaux, sm. pi. cattle 

Bestiole, sf. little beast^ insect; 
a young fool ^ 

Betstion, sm. toild beast 

Beta, sm. simpleton; booby 

BetaB, eaUle 

Bete, sf. beasts brute, blockhead 

Bete fauve, wild deer 

— noire, wild bear 

— asine, an ass 
B^tel, sm. betel 
B^tement, ad. sUlily 
B^tille, */. a sort of muslin 
Betiae, stupidity, folly 
B^toine, betony 

Bette, beet 
Betteraye, red beet 
Bcuf, sm. vid. BcBuf, 
Beuglement, beUovring 
Beiigler, vn. to bellow; low 
Beurre, sm. butter 
6eon6, butter-pear 
Beurr^e, sf. bread and butter, 

Beuirer, va, to butter 
Beurrier, e. *. butter-seller 
B^vue,/- oversight, mistake^ 
B^zoard, sm. beioar stone 
Biais, slope, angle, way, bias 
Biatsemeat, feUh, shift 
Biaisar, va. to shuffle, dodge 
Biaiseur, sm. a shuffler 
Biarque, sutler, caterer 
Biaaae, of. raw silk 


Biberon, ne. s. ttppler; the lip of 

a vessel 
Bible, sf. the Bible 
Bibliographe, sm. —pher 
Bibliographie, sf. —phy 
BibUomane, sm. one that is mad 

after books 
BiUiomanie, sf. bookishness 
Bibliotb^caire, sm. librarian 
Biblioth^que, sf. library 
Bibus, sm. paltry thing 
Bic^tre,* sm. unruly boy; house 

of correction in France 
Biche, sf. a hind, lap-dog 
Bichon, ne. s. lap-dog 
Bicoque, sf. a paltry town 
Bidet, «nt. a pony; a tit; joiner's 

Bidon, a can 
Bidoria, little pony 
Bieii, good, wealth, ben^t 
Bien, ad. well, right, many, 

much, very 
Bien-^tre, sm. comfort, ease 
Bien-t6t, soon, very soon 

loin, vfry far off 

loin de,|»r. so far from 

^— que, e. although 
Bien loin que, far from 
Bien>aim6, e. a. s. beloved 
Bienfaisance, sf. beneficence 

^faisant, e. a. liberal, kind 

fait, sm. favour, bertefit 

Bienfaiteur, benefactor 
Bienfaitrice, sf. benefactress 
Biens funds, sm. pi. lands 
Bienheureux, se. a. s. blessed 
Biennal, c lasting two years 
Biens^ance, sf. decency, conve- 

Biens6ant,e. a. decentyconvenicnt 
Bienveiilance, sf. good-will, 

free-gift, benevolence, love 
Bien-venu, e. a. welcome 
Bien-venue, sf. entrance money; 

initiation; garrJsh-moncy; 

happy coming 
Bi^re, beer; ecffin 
Bi^vre, sm. a beaver 
BxeZy'water-mill, channel 
Biffer, va. to erase, cancel * 
Bigame, 2. a.s. twice married 
Bigamie, sf. bigamy 
Bigarade, a sour orange 
Bigarreau, sm. hard cherry 



Bigarreautier, hard eherry-ts-ee 
Bigarrer, va. to party-colour, vor 

Bigarrure, sf. variety of colours ^ 

Bige, sf. chariot and two 
Bigle, sm. a beagle 

2. a. s. squint-eyed 

Bigier, vn. to squint 
Bigne, sf. a bunch 
Bigornc, sf. an anvil 
Bigorneau, sm. little rising an- 

vil, periwinkle 
Bigot, e. a. s. a bigot, hypocrite 
Bigoterie, sf. bigotry 
Bijou, sm. jewel, pretty seat.— 

Petit bijou, little darling 
Bijouterie, sf. jewellery, toys 
Bijouticr, sm. toyman, virtuoso 
Bill, a bill in parliament 
Bilan, account-book 
Bilboquet, sm. a catch; cup and 

Bile, sf. choler, bile, gall 
— , (colere) anger, passion 
Biliaire, 2. a. bilious 
Bilieux, se. bilious, choleric 
Billard, sm. billiard, the mass, a 

billiard table 
Billardcr, vn. to * strike a ball 

Bille, sf. billiard-ball, taw, pack' 

er's stick, rolling-pin 
Billebarer, va. to checker 
Biilebaude, sf. confusion^ bustle 
Billcr, va. to * pack with a pack' 

Billet, sm. note, ticket, billet, 

bill, ballot 
-de lotteric, lottery ticket 
—doux, love letter 
-de baiique, bank note 
Billette, sf. a sign at a toll; billet 
Billtves^e, idle trash 
Billion, sm. thousand millions 
Billon, bad coin 
Billonnage, debasing the coin 
Billonnement, putting off bad 

Billonner, vn. to * put off bad 

coin ' 

Biilouncur, sm. forger 
Billot, biUet; wedge; cudgel; 

Bimbelot, a toy 



Bimbeloterie, «/. toy trade 
Blinbelotier, am. a toy-man 
Binard, a large cart 
BiuaLre, 2. a. binary 
Biiiement, sm. digging again 
Biner, va. to * dig again 
Biriet, sm. a save-all 
Btographe, biographer 
Biographie, a/, biography 
Bipede, 2. a. biped; with two 

Biqiie, sf. a she-goat 
Biquet, sm, a kid; scale to weigh 

Biiiueter, vn. to kid 
Biqueter, vn. to weigh money 

with a money-scale 
Blreme, sf. a ship with two rows 

of rowers on each side 
Birette, a kind of cap 
Biribi, sm. a game ofhaxard 
Bis, e. a. brown 
Bis, int. encore^ over again 
Bisaieiil, great grandfather 
Bisa'ieule, sf. great grandmother 
Bisbilic, sf. quarrel, discussion 
Biscornu, e. a. ill-shaped^ odd 
Biscotin, sm. sugar-cake 
Biscuit, biscuit 
Bise, sf. north-east wind 
Biseau, sm^ cut of a diamond, 

Biseigle, a ruler 
Biser, vn. to * grow brown 
Biseti sm. stock-dove 
Bisette, sf. narrow lace 
Bisetti^re, narrow lace-maker 
Bison, sm. a sort of wild ox; al- 
so buffalo {in heraldry) 
Bisquauis, horse-cloths 
Bis()ue, sf. bisk, cullis^ odds 
Biftjac, 5nt. a wallet 
Bissexte, bissextile 
Biatouri, sm. incision knife 
Bistre, sf. bistre; prepared soot 
Bitter, vn. to bit a cable 
Bitume, sm. bitumen 
Bitummeuz, se. a. — lums 
Brviaire, 2. meeting of two roads 
Bivoie, sf. parting of a road 
Bivouac, sm. extraordinary 

Bivouaquer, vn. to pass the 

night without shelter 
Bisorre, 2. a. fantuettcalt odd 


Bizarrement, ad. fantastically 
Bizarrerie, sf. fantasticainess, 

oddness, toAim, caprice 
BIa.fard,e. a. wan, pale 
Blaireau, sm. a badger 
Bl&mable, 2. a. blameable 
Bi^me, vn. blame, fault 
Blamer, va. to blame; r^rimand 
Blanc, be, a. white, clean, blank, 

Blanc-sign^, am. carte-blanche 
Blanc-uianger, a blank nanger 
Blanc-bec, a novice 
Billet-blanc, a blank 
Blanc, a mark at shooting; a 

break; a blank; white slice of 

the breast of a fowl 
Blanc, whiting 
Blanchaille, sf. young fry 
Blanchatre, 2. a. whitish 
Blanche, sf. minum 
Blanchement, ad. cleanly 
Blancheric, sf. whitster' a field 
Blaiichct, am. wider-waiat-eoat 

, printer^a blanket 

Blancneur, sf. whiteness 
Blanchiment, am. bleaching; a 

wash for silver 
Bianchir, v. to whiten, clear, 

* grow gray; blanch, wash 
— au soleil, to bleach 
Blanclussage, am. washing, 

whitening, bleaching 
Blanchissant, e. a. whitiah 
Blanchisserie, af. whitening' 

yard or fi^ld 
Blanchisseur, am. whitater, 

Blanchisseuse^/. washer-woman 
Blandices, pi. cajoling, fiattery 
Blanque, blank lotted 
Bianquette, sf. delicate sort of 

white wine; aart of pear; white 

Blaser, v, to dry up; * bum 
^e — , to impair one's health by 

hard drinking 
Blasonnement, blazonry 
Biasonncfi va. to blazon, traduce 
Blasonneur, sm.blazoner, blazer 
Blaspli^mateur, blasphemer 
Blasph^matoire, 2. a. bla^he- 

Blaspheme, im.blavhemy 


Btasph^mer, v. to blaapkeme 
Blatier, sm. corn factor 
Biavet, com-fiower, or bhu bot 

Bi^, ou bled, com, wheat 
Bleche, 2. a. a. weak, siUy 
B16me, % a. wan, pale 
Bl^mir,'vn. to * grow pale 
Blemissement, sm. paleness 
B16rcau, vid. Blaireau 
Blesser, va. to * hur,t, wound, of 

fend, stain 
Se — , vr. to miacarry, to * be-qf 

Bleasure, af. wound, bruise, injt 

Blet,te, a. half rotten 
Bleue, ^. blit, or bUta 
Bleu. e. a. am. blue 
Bleuatre, 2. a. bluish 
Bleuir, va. to * make blu 
Blinder, to cover with blinds 
Blindes, blinds 
Bloc, sm. ragged maHle, block 

Blocage, ou blocaillei am. ruh 

bishi shards 
BIocus, sm. blockade 
Blond, e. a. s.fair,fiexen 
Blond ardent, red as a carrot 
Blonde, sf. blond lace; fair W9 

Blondin, am. a beau 
Blondiue, */. a fair girl 
Blondir, vn*io* grow fair 
Blondissant, ante, a. yeUoto, 

Bloquer, va, to blockup,fiUvp 
Blot, sm. log-line 
BlotUr, se blottir, to layaquat 
Blouser, va. to * throw a baU in 

to the hazard 
— se blouser, to fall into a mit 

Bluet, sm. a blue4fottle, or com* 

Bluette, af. little apark 
Bluteau, am. a bolter 
Bluter, va. to bolt, aift 
Bluterie, af. bolting-room 
Blutoir, am. a bolter; aieva 
Bobeche, sf. candlestick' amoeket 
Bobine, a bobbin, ^uiU 
BobJJier, va. to wind aiUt, 4rc» 
Bobineuaes, tf. windera 


Bobo, sm. smaU ailment^ hurt . 

Bocase, a grgve thicket 

Bocager, e. a. rurai 

Bocai, sm. a jug 

Bodine, sf. keel of a ship 

Bodruche, thin par chuient 

Bo^te, vid. Boite 

B(Buf, sm. an oz, beef 

Bceuf, a Ja mode, alamode beef 

Bogue, sj^. the rough prickly shell 

of chesnuts 
Bogue, am. sort of sea fish 
Boheoiien, ne. s. a gipsy 
Boire, va. to * driakj soak^ blot 
Boire, vn. to * put up with a» 


, am. drinky drinking 

Boia, wood; deer's homa 

chablis, chablish 

taillis, a copse 

da charpente, timber 

de 111, a bedstead 

Boifiage, timber j wainscot 
Bois^, e. wainscotted 
Boiser, va. to wainscot 
Boifierie, sf. wainscot 
Boiseux, Be. a. woody 
Boisiliier, am. hewer of wood 
Boiaseau, a bushel 
Boiaselee, af. bushel- full; as 

much ground as a btishd of 

wheats ^c. can sow 
Boissdier, am. a turner 
BoeaoD, sf. drink 
Boite, fit time to drink new wine 
Boite, a box 

de montre, watch-ease 

de presse, hose 

a fusil, tinder-box 

a pondtBy powder-box 

Boitement, am. halting 
Boiter, vn. to* go lame^ limp 
Boiteux, se. a. s. lamCj cripple^ 

Boitier, stn. surgeon's case; box 

of jewels; case-maker 
Bol, ou Bolus, a bolus 
Bold'Arm^nie, bole ammoniac 
Bombanee, af. eating; riot 
Bombarde, a bombard [ment 
Bombardemout, am. bembard- 
Bombarder, va. to bombard 
Bombardier, am. —diet 
BiMnbasin, bombazeen 
Bombe, af. a bomb 


Bombement, sm. bunchirtg out 

Bomber, va. to swell 

Bon, sm. promise^ acceptance^ 

Bon,ne.a. good, kind^ brime^skil- 

ful, excellent ' 
Bon air, good luck, grace 
Bon-mot, sm. witticisni, jest 
Bon^ i7U. pshaw 1 
— , sm. good, clear, the cream 
—, ne. sf. dear honey 
— , ad: Will 

Bonace, sf. calm, calmness 
Bonasse, 'i.a. sillily good-natured 
Bonbonuiere sf. box for sweet- 
Bonbon, sm. dainties 
Bond, rebound; gambol; skip 
Bonde, sf. sluice, fieod-gate; 

bun^, bung-hole 
Bondir, vn. to frisk, r^ound 
Bondissant,e. a. skipping 
Bondissement, sm, frisking 
de coBur, a risijig of Oe sto- 
Bondonuer, va. to bung, stop 
Bondonniere, sf. cooper*a tool 
Bondr^e, a bird of prey 
Bsnheur, sm. happiness, good 

luck, blessing 
Bonhomie, sf. good-nature 
Bonifier, va. to improve 
Bonification, sf. improvement 
Bonne fortune, good adventure; 

lady's favours 
Bonneau, sm. buoy 
Bonnement, ad. honestly well 
Bonnes, sf. pi. trumps 
Bonnet, sm. a cap, bonnet 
Bonnetade,«/. capping, cringing 
Bonneter, va. to * cop, cringe 
Bonneterie, sf hosier's business 
Bonneteur, sm. sharper 
Bonnetier, cap-maker, hosier 
Bonnette, sf. a bonnet of a sail 
Bont^, goodness, kindness 
Bonze, sm. borne, cheat 
Boqueteau, sm. a little wood 
BoquilIon,a i^o^try wood cleaver; 

shirt, lace 
Borat, borax 

Bord, edge, brim^ brink, shore 
Bord a lx>rd, ad. level, even with 
Bord (navire,) ship; board 



Boidage, aide planka of a ahiv 
Bordavtjr, vn. to traverse, sail 
Bord6, sm. hem, edge, lack 
Bord^e, sf. broadside, tack 
Border, va. to edge, to border, 

Bordereau, sm. note, account 
Bordurc, sf. frame. cdge,border 
Bor4^al, e. a. northern 
Bor6e, sm. north wind 
Borgne, 2. a. one-eyed 
Borgne, one-eyed man 
Borgnesae, sf. one-eyed woman 
Borguibus, sm. a tall one-eye4 

Bornage, setting bounds 
Borne, sf. a bound; limit; mHa- 

stone; post 
Born^, e. a. shallow, smallf nar- 

Borner, va. to bound, limit, end' 
Se— , vr. to * keep within bounds 
Bomoyer, va. to look over a sur- 
face with one eye 
Bosphore, sm. —rus; streighta 
Bosquet, thicket, grove 
Bossage, embossment 
Bosse, sf. bunch on the body; re- 
lievo; bruise; knot; lump 
Boaselage, sm. a relievo; euiboss' 

Bosseler, va. to * work in relievo 
Boeselure, sf. crimpling 
Boeseman, sm. boatswain 
Bossette, */. bridle-stud, poss 
Bossu, e. a. s. hunch-backed 
Bossuel, sm. a scented tulip 
Bossuer, va. to bruise, batter 
Bot, sm. a boat 

Bot, pied bot, lame of one foot 
Botanique, sf. botany 
— , 2. a. botanic, botanical 
Botaniste, sm. botanist 
Botanologie, sf. botanology 
Botte, boot; bunch; thrust; bot- 

tie; step of a coach 
Bot'es, pi. clods of dirt 
Bottelage, sm. bottling of hay 
Botteter, va. to bottle hay 
Botteleur, sm. maker of hay into 

Botter, va. * make boots, * put 

boots on 
Se— , vr. to * put one's boota «h 
to clog one's shoes 



Bottine, sf. joskey-boot, buskin 
Bouc, sin. hJ-ffoat; leatksmbud- 

get; slooon 
Boucanar, va. to smoke^ dry by 


•*-i to hunt oxsn 
Boucanier, sin. buccaneer 
Boucaasin, bozcassine 
Boucaut, a kind of hogshead 
Bouche, sf. the mouth 
Bouch^e, mouthfulf morsel 
Boucher, vn. to * stop up^ * shut 
Boacher, sm, a butcher 
Bouchere, sf. btitcher-tooman 
Bouclierie, shamblss^ butchery 
Koucbeture, fence^ enclosure 
Bouche-troa, sm. pin-basket 
BouchoJr, lid of an oven 
Bouchoii, stopple^ cork^ bush 
Bouchonne, sf. darling, honey 
Bouchonner, va. to rub with a 

wisp, rumple 
V . Boucle,s/. buckle; knocker; curl; 


d'oreilie, ear-ring 

Bouclement, sm. ringing 
Boacler, va. to * buckle; * ring; 

* make an end of; to curl 
Bouclier, sm. buckler, shield 
Boucon, sm. poison, gudgeon 
Boudcr, vn. to pout, look gruff 
Bouderie, sf. pouting. — lis ont, 

toujoursquelque bo\iderie,they 

are always wrangling 
Boadeur, se. s. who pouts; suUen 
Boudia, sm. black -pudding 
Boudine, sf. middle knot in a 

glass pane 
Boudinier, sm. pudding-maker 
Boudiniere, «/. a little funnel 
Boadoir, sm. a closet where one 

retires to * be alone 
■ Boue, sf. dirt, matter 
Bpu6e, a buoy 
B'oueur, sm. dustman; scavenger 
Boueux, se, a. muddy, miry 
Bouffant, e. puffing 
Bouff6e, sf. pu^; blast; slight fit 
Bouffer. va. to puff; * be sullen- 
ly angry 
Bouffette, sf. ear-knot of narrow 

Bouffir, va. to bloat, * puff up 
Bouffon, ne. a. a. jocose; buffoon 


Boufibner, va. to droll; jest 
Bouffonnerie, sf. buffoonery 
Bouge, sm. a lodge 

, the middle of a cask 

, a budget, or bag * 

, sort of pear 

Bougeoir, j^at wax-candle'Sttck 
Bouger, vn. to budge, stir 
Bougette, sf. budget, or bag 
Bougie, a wax-candle; bougee 
Bougier, va. to sear with a wax- 
Bougonner, mutter, be surly 
Bougran, sm. brukram 
Bouillant, e. a. hot, hasty 
BouilK, sm. boiled meat 
Bouillie, sf. thick milk, pap 
BouiUir, vn. to boil; work 
Bouilloire, */. boiler, kettle 
Bouillon, sm. broth; gust of pas- 
sion; seething up; puff; bub- 
ble; froth 
BouiUon-blanc, mullein (a plant) 
Bouillonement, bubbling up, 

Bouillotmer, vn. to bubble up, 

gush out 
Bouianger, vn. to bake 
— — , sm. a baker 
Bouiang^re, sf. baker^s wife • 
Boulangerie, baking, bakehouse 
Boide, a bowl, ball 
Bouleau, sm. a birch-tree 
Bouter, vn. to pout, as pigeons 

do, to swell 
Boulet, sm. a bullet, baH 
Boulette, sf. a little ball 
Bouievard,5m. bulwark, fortress 
^oxiXey exs&msxA,total overthrow, 

Bouleverser, va. to ♦ overthrow 
Bouleux, sm. laborious man; 

short thick horse 
Bouli, a tea-pot 
Boulier, a fishing-^net 
Boulimie, sf. bulimy, hunger 
Boulin, sm. pigeon's cove; put- 
lock, scaffolding pole 
Bouline, sf.Jbouline, tack 
Bouliner, vn. tack about, shift 
Boulineur, sm. a camp thief 

Boulinier, a ship that * goes with 
a side wind 


Boulon, iron pin, steePyard 

Boulonaer, va. to fasten; to pin 

Bouque, sf a straight passage 
Bouquer,vn.t0 truckle; buckle to 
Bouquet, sm. a nosegay 
Bouquetier, a flower-pot 
Bouquetidre, sf. nosegay-woman 
Bouquetm, sm. a wild goat 
Bouquin, old he-goat- lecher. — 

De vieuz bouquina, old books 
Bouquiner, vn. to hunt after old 

books; to couple as a hare 
Bouquinerie, sf. a heap of quo 

tations from old books 
Bouquineur, sm. book-worm 
Bouquiniste, second-hand book- 
Bouracan, barracan 
Bouracanier, barracan-maker 
Bouras(|ue, sf. sudden storm, a 

Bourbe, mud, mire 
Bourbelier,Ani.t0z7i boards bpeast 
Bourbeux, se. a. muddy, miry 
Bourbier, sm. slough, plung 
Bourbiilon, matter from a sore 
Bourcette, sf. com salad 
Bourdaloue, sm. hatband 
Bourde, sf sham, fib, fun 
Bourder. vn. to fib, tell stories 
Bourdeur, se. s. a fibber 
Bourdilion, sm. cleft wood to 

make casks 
Bourdon, drone, staff 
Bourdonnant, e. a. butting 
Bourdonn6, e. a. pometty 
Bourdonneinent. sm humming, 

buzzing, murmuring [buzz 
Bourdooner, vn. hum; mutter; 
Bourdonnet, sm. lint 
Bourg, a country town 
Bourgadc, sf. a litJLle town 
Bourgage, sm. burgage 
Bourgeois, burgess, citizen; com 


, e. a. fit for a citizen 

BurgeoLse, sf. citizen's wife 
Bourgeoisement, ad. citizen Uke 
Bourgeoisie,*/, freedom of a city, 

the citizens 
Bourgeon, sm. a bud, a pimple 
Bourgeonner, vn. to btid, * sheet 
Boargmestre, sm. burgomaster 


Bottisa^pine, «/. buckthorn 
Boamiche, borage 
Bouirade, beatify cuff 
fioarrasque, suMen storm; ca- 
price [stuff 
Bourre, w<u2, cow'« hair; silly 
Bourreaii, sm. executioner; but- 

duTj tormentor 
Boiurte, sf. chat-wood^ bavin 

, (danse,) a boree 

Boarrdet, sm. a pad, hood 
Bourrellier, hamess'inaker 
Bourrellement, sm. torture; re- 

Boorreller, va. to torment^rack 
Bouirellerie, sf. racking pain 
Boarrer^ va. to pad; ram; abuse 
Bouniche, sf. a basket in which 

game is sent 
Bourrier, e. a. made of eotoi's 

Aatr, Src. 
Bjorrique, sf. ass., ass*s colt 
Bouiriquet, sm. hand-barrov; 

ass^s colt 
Bourra, e. a. morose^ cross 
Boarae, sf. a purse; a pod; an 

exchange., vesicle, bag 
Bouraette, small purse 
Boursier, sm. treasurer^ purse- 
maker, burser 
Bourstiler,* make a ga- 
"Bouison, sm. a fob 
Bouraouiler, va. to bloat, * puff 
Boursottfflage, sm. Boursoufflure, 

sf. swelling, pomposity 
Bouaard, ou Uouzard, sm. deer's 

Bouse, sf. cow^s dung 
Boiisinage, sm. a viud wall; 

BousiUer, va.* make a mud wait, 

to spoil a work 
Bouslilcur, sm. mud-wall, or dab- 
Bbusquier, vn. to plunder 
Bousdoie, sf compass, guide 
Bout, sm. end, tip, nipple, chape, 
button,- heel-piece, ferruU, but 
Bout d'aile, sm. pinion 
Boats, rim^s, pi. rhymes 
Bout saigneux, neck of mutton, 

Boutadie, sf. freaky whim; spirt, 


Boutadeux, se. a. whimsical 
Bout-en-train, sm. decoy bird, 

merry companion 
Boute-feu, gunner; linstock; in- 
cendiary, firebrand 
Boute-tout-cuire, sm. a spend- 
Bouteillage, butlerage 
Bouteille, sf. a botUe 

, (vesaie d'eau,) bvAble 

BouteJUer, sm. butler 
Bouter, va, to * put; pare off 
Boutique, sf shop; implements, 

stall, trunk 
Bout'quier, sm. shopkeeper 
Boutoir, snout, buttvess 
Boutoa, button; bud, pimple 
Boutonner, va. to button; bud, 

* break out 
Boutonnerie, */. button-ware 
Boutonnier, sm. button-maker 
Boutonniere, sf buttonhole 
Bouture, slip of a tree, sucker 
Bouvart, sm. young bull 
Bouverie, sf. a cow-house 
Bouvet, sm. a plane 
Bouvier, e. s. cowherd, clown, 

Bouviilon, sm. bullock 
Bouvreuil, bullfinch 
Boyar, a Russian nobleman 
Boyau, a gut, bowel 

, branch of a trench [ker 

Boyaudier, sm. fiddle-string mar 
Bracelet, a bracelet 
Bracher, va. to brawl 
Brachial, e. a. brachial 
Brachmane, sm. bramin, Oentoo 

Braconner, va. to poach 
Braconnier, sm. a poacher 
Brai, pitch and tar mixt 
Braie, sf. nursery-linen 
Braiea, pi. trowsers 
BraiUard, e. a. s. bawling noisy 

Brailler, vn. to bawl 
Brailleur, se. s. bawler, scold 
Braiement, 5/it. braying of an ass 
Braire, vn. to bray as an ass 
Braise, sf. live coal; small coal 
Brasier, sm. trough 
Bran, coarsest bran 
Bran, int. pshaw 
Brancard, sm. a litter^ shaft of 



a eoacb; handrbarrow; cAoiV- 

man*s horse 
Brancardier, a litter-driver 
Branchage, branches, boughs 
Brauche, sf branch, bough; sUek 

of a Roman balance 
Brancber, va. to * hang on a tree 

, vn. to perch 

Branchier, sm. a brancher 
firancliu, e. a. branchy 
Brande, sf heath, bough 
Brandebourg, sm. surtout 
Brande vin, sm. brandy 
Brande vinier, e. s. sutler 
Brandillement, sm. swinging 
Brandiller, va. to swing, see-saw 
Brandllioire, sf tt swing 
Brandir, va. to brandish,* stop; 

Brandon, sm. a firebrand; wisp 

of straw ^ 
Brandonner, va. to nail wisps of ^> 

straw at the door of a seized wj 

Branlant, e. a. shaking 
Branle, sm. jo^gin^; hammock 
Branleuient, jogging; motion, 

Branler, v. to jog; * shake; wa- 
ver,* give ground, tottsr, move 
Branleur, Be. s. shower 
Beanloire, sf. swing; see-saw 
Braque, sm. a setting-dog 
Braquemart, a cutlass 
Braqiiement, pointing a cannon 
Braquer, va. to point, to turn a 

carriage [die 

Bras, sm. arm, claw, sconce, han- 
Braser, vr. to solder 
Brasier, sm. coal-fire; a great 

clear fire; pan for coals 
BrasiJIer, va. to broil 
Brasure, sf soldering 
Brassage, sm. coining fees 
Braggart, brassets; bracers 
Braiise, */. a fathom 
Brassee, an armful 
Brasseri, va. brew, mix; devise 
Brasserie, sf. a brewhouse 
Bras^ur, se. s. a brewer 
Brassieres, sf. night-waistcoat 
Brassin, sm. brewer's copper 
Bravache, a swaggerer, bully 
Bravade, sf. hectoring 
Brave, 3. a. *. brave, sprues 



Bravementf ai. stoutly^ finely 
Braver^ va. to brave, buuy 
Braverie, «/. finery 
Bravoure, valour , courage 
Bravoures, pi. high f tats 
Brayer, va. to pitch 
Brayor, sm. a truss, pannel 
Brayes, sf. pi. children's cUmts 
Brayette, afiap 
Brt^ant, sm. a siskin 
Brebiage,<laz on sheep 
Brebis, sjf. a sheep, ewe 
Breche, breach; gap, notch 
Brechedent, 2. a. s. toothless 
Brechetf sm. brisket 
Brecin, sm. iron hook 
Brcdi-breda, stupid, noisy chat 
Bredouille, sf. douMle points at 

French backgammon 
Bredouillement, sm. stammering 
Bredouiller, vn. to stammer 
Bredouilleur, ae. s. stammerer 
Bref, ve. a. brief, short 

, ad. in short, shortly 

— — , sm. a brief, calendar 
Br^haigne, 2. a. barren 
Breland, sm. a gaming-house 
— — , sort of game at cards 
Brelander, vn. to game 
Brelandier, sm. a gamester 
Brclandinier, e. s. a dealer who 

seUs in stalls 
Breliquebreloque, ad. heedlessly 
Brelle, sf. a raft 
Breloque, a gewgaw, toy 
Breluche, thread and worsted 

Breme, a bream [fish) 
Br^sil, sm. Brazil wood 
Br6sill6, e. a. friable 
Br6siller, va. to * efut smali^ to 

dye with Brazil wood 
Br^sillet, sm. Brazil wood 
brctailler, vn. to tilt 
Bretailleur, sm. a titter, btUly 
Bretauder, va. to * crop 
Bretelle, sf. a strap; handle 
Brette, a rapier, long sword 
Brett6, e. toothed, notched 
Bretteur, smt a bully, hector 
Bretture, sf. teeth of tools 
Br^ve, a short syllable 
Brevet, sm. warrantycommission, 

indenture; bUl of lading: 

eharmt speU 


Brevetaire, bearer of the king*s 
warrant for a church prefer- 
Breveter, va. to * give a warrant 
Br^viaire, sm, a breviary; bre- 
Breuvage, drink, potion, drench,, 

Bribe, sf. a scrap, lump 
Bricole, bricole; rebound; back 

stroke, tail 
Bricoler, vn. to * toss sideways 
Bride, sf. bridle, stay, loop 
Brider, va. to bridle, curb, tie 

Brldoir, sm. b/idle on a woman''s 

Bridon, a snaffle, a bit 
Brief, ve. a. quick, short 
Bri6vement, ad. briefiy 
Bri(^vet6, sf. brevity, shortness 
Brifer, va. to guttle, claw off 
Brifeur, se. s. a guttler 
Brigade, sf. brigade, troop 
Brigadier, sm. brigadier ' 
Brigand, highwayman; extor- 
tioner; aristocrat 
Brigandage, robbery 
Brigander, vn. to rob on the 

Brigantin, sm. brigantine 
Brignoles, sf. pi. prunes 
Brignon, sm. kind of plum 
Brigue, sf. solicitation, eabal 
Briguer, va. to solicit, sue 
Brigueur, sm. candidate 
Brillant, e. a. shining, bright 

, sm. brightness; keen sense; 

a brilliant 
Brillanter, va. to * cut a dia- 
mond into angles 
Briller, vn. to * shine; sparkle, 

Brimbale, sf. brake, handle of a 

shfp^s pump 
Brimbaler, va. to * set agoing 
Brimborions, baubles, toys 
Brin, sm. bit; sprig; slip; stick 
BriDde, sf. a toast; a health 
Brioche, sort of nice cake, briosh 
Briea, sm. moss en trees 
Brique, sf. a brick 
Briquet, sm. a steel 
Briquetage, bricks; brick-work; 


Briqueter, oa. to* make brick- 

Briqueterie, sf. brick-kiln 

, brick-making / 

Briquetier, sm. brick-maker 
Bris, wreck; breaking open 
Brisans, sm. pi. breakers, shelves 
Brisaiit, sm. shelf; blind 
Brise, sf. a breeze 
Bris^es, sf. pi. tracks in hunting 
Brise-fer, sm. a very strong f el" 
Brise-glace, starling [low 

Brise- vent, shelter 
Brise-cou, break-neck place 
Brise-raiaon, noisif chatterer 
Briscment, dashiner; rendering 
B riser, va. to * break; * split; 

dash; bruise; * rend; destroy} 

♦ fall out 

Se briser, vr. * break; fold up 
Briseur, sm. breaker 
Brisoir, a brake for flax 
Brjaque, sf. brisque {game of 

Brisure, sf.rebatement 
Britaunique, 2. a. British 
Broc, sm. a leathern jack; 4. 

great jug 
Brocanter, v. to be a broker 
Brocanteur, s. a broker 
Brocard, sm. brocade; tauntj 

Brocarder, vn. to taunt; * n^ 
Brocardeur, se. s. a taunter 
Brocatelle, sf. linsey-woolsey 
Broccoli, sm. brocoli 
Broche, sf. spit; knitting-needles 

faucet; stick, peg, punier; 

Bmch^e, spit-full 
Brocher, va. to * knit, * stitch; 

* do in a hurry; * work with 
gold, silk, <^c. to * stick; fasten 

Brocheu sm. a pike 
Brocheton, a smaU pike 
Brochette, sf. a skewer 
Brocheter, va. to measure th4 

limbs and side planks of a 

ship; to pin on 
Brocheur, se. s. a knitter 
Broclioir, sm. smith's shoeinff 

Brochure, sf. a pamphlet 
Brod6,e.a. embroidered; streaked 
Brodequin, sm. buskin; the boots 


Bnxler, va. to embroider; ro- 
Broderie, sf. embroidery; ro- 
mancing-; knot [ter 
firodeur, se. s. embroiderer^ spot- 
Biodoir, sm,. a bobbin 
Bronchade, sf. stumbling 
Bionchement, sm. failure 
Broncher, vci. to stumble; * trip 
Bronchial, e. a. bronchial^ of the 

Broncbotomie, sf. ^-tomy 
Bronze, 2. s. bronze, brass 
Bronzer, va. to bronze 
Broquait, sm. a brocket 
Broque, vid. Broccoli 
Broquette, sf. a tack 
BroBsailles, pi. brushes, briers 
BroBse, a brushy pencil 
Broeeer, va. to brush 

, vn. to brush along 

Brossier, sm. a brush-maker 

Brouee, sf. fog, mist 

Brouet, sm. boiled milk; gruel, 

thin broth 
Broaette, sf. wheel-barroWf pal- 
try coach [man 
Brouettier, sm. toheel-barroto- 
Brouhaha, clapping 
Broailiamini, hotch-potch 
Broaillard, mist; day-book 
Brouiller, va. to shuffle, * mix to- 
gether, embroil, perplex, jum- 
ole, * set at variance 
3e— , vr. to fall out, * be out, * 

he overcast 
Brouillerie, sf. broil, quarrel 
Broailleries, small trinkets 
firouillon, sm, foul copy; day- 
hook; marplot 
Broaillon, ne. a. s. shuffling, bu- 
Brouir,.va. to blast 
Brouiasement, sm. a rattling 
BrooisBare, sf. blight, blast 
BrouasaiUes, sf. pi. brambles 
BiooaBin, sm. excrescence 
Brout, broioze-toood; green sheU 

of walnuts 
Brouter, va. to browse 
Broatilles, sf. sprigs, trifles 
Broye, a brake for flax 
Broyement, sm. pounding 
Broyer, va. to * grinds pound, 


Broyeur, sm. grinder 
Broyon, a brayer 
Bru, */. a son's wife 
Bruant, sm. yellow hammer 
Brugnon, a nectarine 
Bruine, */. rme; hoar frost 
Bruiner, vn. to drizzle 
Bruire, to roar, bustle, * ring 

Brmsaement, sm. roaring 
Bruit, a noise, report, uproar, 

parrel, fame 
Brulant, e. a. burning, hot, eager 
Brui6, sm. burning 
Brulement, burning, fire 
BruIer,v(£.fo * burn, scorch, blast 
Bruleur, sm. incendiary 
Bru lot, a fire-skip 
Brfilure, sf. a burning, blast 
BrumfJ, e. a. unnterly 
Brume, sf. a fog at sea 
Brumeux, se. a. foggy, misty 
Brun, e. a. broum, dusky; dun 
— , sm. brown colour 
— , e. broion man or woman 
Brunet, te. a. -brownish 

, sm. a brown youth 

Brunette, */. a brown girl 
Brunir, v. to burnish, to turn 

brovm ' 
Brunissage, sm. burnishing 
Brunisseur, a burnisher 
Brunissoir, bumishing-stick 
Brunissure, */. polishing 
Bruse, knee-holly 
BnuHjue, 2. a. blunt; over hasty 
Brusquement,' afT. bluntly; has- 
tily ^ 
Brusquer, va. to affront ^^ 
Brusquerie, sf. rudeness 
Brut, e. a. rough; brute 
Brutal, e. brutish, rude 
— , sm. churl; blunt; brutb 
Brutalement,a<2. inconsiderately, 

rudely, clownishly 
Brulaliser, va. to use roughly 
Brutalit6, */. —lity, rashness 
Brute, a. s. brute, brutish 
Bruyant, e. a. blustering, roar- 
Bruydre, sf. heath: a sort of 

German wool 
Buanderie, a wash-house 
Buandi^re, a washer-woman 
Bube, a pimple^ blister 



Bubon, sm. bubo, blotch 

Buccinateur, a trumpeter 

Buccine, sf. a comet 

Bucentaure, sm. bucentaur 

Bucephale, Bucephalus 

Buche, sf. billet; blockhead 

Bucher, sm. wood-pile, 
house, funeral pile 

, va. to fell wood 

Bucheron, sm, wood-cleaver, or 

Buchette, sf. stick 

Bucolique, a pastoral poem 

, 2. a. bucolic, rural 

BufTet, sm. buffet, side-board, ta' 
ble; set of plate 

Bufteier^ va. to suck wine out of 
a prg-hole 

Buflete.ur,5m.oiie who sucks wine 
out of a peg-hole 

Bufieiier, buff'; who stands 
at the side table; hence, by cor- 
ruption, the English word 

Buffetln, a bvff coat 

Buffle, buffalo; buff-skin; block- 
head; buff coat 

Butfletin, a young buffalo 

Bugle, sf. bugle 

Buglose, bngloss 

Buire, ou buie, a flagon 

Buis, sm. box, box-tree 

Buisserie, sf. boards to make 
hogsheads with 

Buisson, sm. bush, thicket 

Buissonnet, little bush 

BuisKonnier, e. a. truant 

Bulbe, sf. a scallion 

Bulbeux, se. a. bulbous 

BuIIaire, .tm. collection of bulls 

Bulle, sjf. a bull, bubble 

Bulletin, sm. ballot, certificate of 
health, billet 

Buraliste, a receiver of duties 

Burat,£m. a coarse kind of cloth 

Bure, sf. a coarse kind of cloth 
Bureau, sm. office; law; court; 
factory ;bench-committee;scru- 
toire; kind of coarse cloth 

Burette, a/, cruet for oil, crystal 

Burin, sm. a graver 
Buriner, va. to engrave 

Burlesque, sm, a butiarouM iwif 
of writvng 



, 2. a. burlesgne^ moek 

Burleaquement, €uL comically 
Bursal, e. a. pecuniary 
Busard, «m. a buzzard 
Busc, sm. busk, whalebone 
Buse, sf. buzzard^ a ninny 
Busqucr, va. to pursue; to stiff- 
en; to prop 
Buste, sm. a bust 
But, a but; mark; jack; aim; 

BHt a Dut, a4. even hands 
ButeT, vn. * hit the mark, aim at 
Se buter, vr. to clash, be * fixed 
Butin, sm. botity, spoil, prize 
Butiner, va. to pillage, plunder 
BiUireux, se. a buttery 
Butor, sm. a bittern, a lob 
Butorde, sf. a stupid woman 
Butte, hillock^ mark, point 
Buyable, 2. a. drinkable 
Buvetier, sm. a publican 
Buvette, sf. a tavern, a drink- 
ing bout 
Buveur, se. s. tippler, toper 
Buvotter, vn. to * sip, tipple 
Bysse, sm. byssv^, pecious cloth 


CA, int. come on 
9a, an abbreviation o/cela, 
6 ^ that; ca ira, that will do 
ca & la, ad. hitlier, up and down 
Cabalc. sf. a cabal, vlub 
Cabaler, vn. to cabal 
Cabaleur, sm. a caballer 
Cabaliste, a cabalist 
Cabalistique, 2. a. cabalistic 
Cabane, sf. cottage, cabin, till 
Cabaret, sm. puSlic-house, tea- 
Carbareller, c. ». a publican 
Cabas, sm. a frail, basket 
Cabestan, a capstan 
Cabillaud, a cod, chub 
Cabille, sf. clan, tribe 
Cabinet, sm. closet, cabinet, sum- 
mer-house, privy, study 
Cable, a cable 

Cableau, small cable [a cord 
Cabler, va. to twist threads into 
Caboche, sf. alarg&-hcadcdnail; 
head; old nail 


Cabochon, sm. preei&us stone 

not * cut 
Cabotage, coasting trade 
Caboter, vn. to coast 
Cabotier, sm. a coaster ' 
Cabrer, V. to prance, irritate 
Se — , to be refractory, to * fall 

into a passion 
Ccbri, sm. a young kid 
Cabriole, sf. a eapriol; caper 
Cabrioler, va. to caper 
Cabriolet, sm. light low chaise 
Cabrioleur, se. s. a caperer 
Cabron, sm. a kid's skin 
Cabrouct, a little cart 
Cabiis (choux,) cabbage-head 
Cacade, sf. sad balk^ baffie 
Cacao, sm. cocoa-^ut 
Cacaoyer, Cacaoiier, cocoa-ires 
Cacaoyere, sf. place planted 

with cocoa-trees 
Cache, lurking-hole 
Cachement, sm. hiding 
Cacher, va. * hide, conceal, cover 
Cachet, sm. seal, signet 
Cacheter, va. to seal, sealing 
Cachette, */. lurking-hole 
Cachexie, cachexy 
Cachot, sm. a dungeon 
Cachoterie, sf. affectation; mys- 
Cachou,«7n.eacAoe, a kind of nut 
Cacochyme, 2. a. ill-complexion- 
ed, ill-natured, cross , 

Cacochymie, sf. c'acochymy 
Cacophonie, cacophony 
Cadastre, «iit. doomsday-book 
Cada-^^reux, se. a. cadaverous 
Cadavre, sm. corpse, carcass 
Cadcau, a flourish, a feast 
Cadenaa, a padlock 
Cadenasscr, va. to padlock 
Cadence, sf. cadence, harmony 
Cadenc6, e. a. cadenced 
Cadencer, va. to cadence; quiver 
Cadenette, sf. hair-tressed 
Cadet, sm. younger; novice 
Cadette, sf. younger sister 
Cadi, sm. a ju^ge among the 

Cadis, a kind of sergt 
Cadole, sf. a latch 
Cadran, «iii. a dial 

flolaire, sun-dioX 

Cadlre, apictur&-fram$ 


Cadrer, va. t4> quadrate, suit 
Caduc, caduque, a. decayed^ 

frail, pertshabli 
Cdduc6e, sm. Mereury*s wand 
Caduclt6, sf. decay, crazines 
Cafard, e. a. s. hypocrite 
Cafarderie, sf. hypocrisy 
Caf6,am. coffee, coffee-house 
Cafetier, coj^e-man 
Cafetiere, sf. coffee-pot 
Cafier, sm. coffee-tree 
Cage, */. cage, jail 
Cagn.ird, e. a. s. lazy, idle 
Cagnarder, vn. to mump 
Cagnardise, sf. laziness 
Cagnjux, se. a. bowleggcd 
Cagot, e. hypocrite; bigot; a 

Cagoterie, sf. hypocrisy 
Cagotisme, sm. affected devotion 
Cogou, an owl of a jnan 
Cague, sf. Dutch fishing-boat 
Cahier, sm. stitched book 
Cahin-caba, ad. untowardly 
Cahol, sm. a jolt of a coach 
Cabotage, jolting 
Caholer, v. to jolt, shake 
Cahutte, sf. a hut, cottage 
Caieu, vid. Cayeu 
Caille, sf. a quail 
Caili^, sm. curds and whry 
Caillebotte, */. curds and whey 
Caillebott6, e. a. curdled 
Caillpbottis, sm. grating 
Caillelait, rennet 
Caillemcnt, curdling of women* » 

Cailler, va. to curdle; eoagulats 
Cailleteau, sm. young quaU 
Cailletot, a young turbot 
Caillette, sf. rennet, silly goss^ 
Caillot, sm. a clot of blood 
— rosat, rose-water pear 
Caillou, a flint, flint-stone 
Cailloutage,>Z;7it», rock-work 
Caiman, an alligator 
Caimand, a low beggar 
Caimander, vn. to beg 
Cajoler, va. to cajole, wheedle 
Cajolerie, sf. cajoling, coaxing 
Cajnieur, se. s. wheedler, eoaxer 
Caisse, sf. chest, cash; drum 
Caissier, sm. a cashier 
Caisson, sm. covered wa(fen 
Cal, caUosiiy 


Calaisan, »/. dt^tJk •f a ahip 
CaJaminef ealaTuine; lapis ea- 

Calamity,— ^y, misery ^distress 
Calamiteux, se. a. ealamUous • 
Calandre, jr/. calender; weevil 
("alandrer, va. calender cloth 
Calandreiir, sm. a calender 
Calcaire, 2. a. that may be reduc- 
ed to chalk; calcareous, limy 
Calc^doinet sf. chalcedony 
Calcination, calcining 
Calciner, va- to calcine 
CalcuJ, sm. calculation; thestone 

in the bladder 
Calculable, 2. a. computable 
Calculateur, .sm. accomptant calculate^* cast up 
Calculetix, sc. a. calculous. ' 
Cale, sf, -wooden wedge ; creek ; 
ducking ; ship^s hold ; fiat cap 
Calebasse, a gourd * 
Caliicbe, calash; chariot 
Calecon, sm. drawers 
Ca'e^oonier, drawers-maker 
Caleiaction, sf. —lion; beating 
Calemar, sm. cuttle-fish; pencase 
Calembourg, a pun 
Caiendes, sf. calends ; convoca- 
— grecqoes, never 
Calendrier, sm. a calendar 
Gr6gorien, Cfregorian ca- 
Calenture, sf. burning fever 
Calcpin, sm. book of extracts 
Caler, va. to lower (the sails) 
Calfas, sm. calking, oakum 
Calfat, a ealker, calking ' 
Calfatage, calking of a ship 
Caifater, va. to calk, pitch 
Calfatcur, sm. a calker 
ralfatin, ealkcr^s boy 
Calfeutragc, stopping chinks 
Calfputrer, va. to * slop chinks 
Calib^, e. a. chalybeate, impreg- 
nated with steel 
Calibre, sm. bore, size, sort 
Calibrer, va. to dispart 
Calice, sm. chalice, calix, cup 
Califouicbon, & . califoorchon, 

Caligineuz, se. a. gloomy 
C41in, e. s- lazy beggar, booby 
Ciliner, vn. to beggar 


Se— , vr. to * sit, or rest liko a 

beggar or booby 
Calieux, 86. a. callous, hard 
Callosity, sf callosity, hardness 
Calmande, callimanco 
Calme, 2. a. calm, quiet, still 
— , sm. calm at sea, calmness, 

quietness, sHUness 
Calmer, va. to calm, appease, 

quiet, still, pacify 
Calomniateur, sm. calummaior, 
- slanderer 
Calomniatrice, sf. calumniatriz; 

Calonmic, calumny, slander 
Calomnier, va. to calumniate, 

C^lomnieusemeot, ad. slander- 

Calomnieux, se. a. slanderous 
Calotin,«m. a foppish clergyman 
Calotine, sf. a grotesque work, 

ox figure 
Calotte, leather-cap ; lampoon 
Calottier, sm. leather-cap-maker 
Calquer,va. to chalk the outlines 
Calvaire, sm. Calvary 
Calvinisme, ealvinism 
Calviniste, 2. a. s. calvinist 
Calvitie, sf- baldness 
Calumet, sm. large Indian pipe 
Calus, hard knob in the skin, 

hardriess of heart 
Calyphe, ou calife, a caliph 
CaLmaiievi, precious stone, picture 

of one colour 
Camail, a camaU, a capuchin 
Camaldule, a kind of friars 
Caraarade, a comrade, fellow 
Camard, e. a. s. fiat-nosed^ 
Carabiste, sm. change broker 
Cambouig, coom, grease 
Cambrer, va. to vault, * bend . 
Se— , vr. to warp as wood 
Cambrure, sf. bending 
Carafe, sm. cameo 
Cam61^on, a chamelion 
Camelot, camlet 
Camelotd, e. a. woven like camlet 
Camelotlne, */. a kind of camlet 
Cam6rler, sm. chamberlain 
Camerlingat, the papers great 

chamberlain* s place 
Camcrlingue, tho papers great 



Camion, very small pin; cst*» 

claw, little cart 
Camisade, sf. assault by night 
Camisole, sf. under-waistcoat 
Camomile, chamomile 
Camouflet, sm. puff of smokst 

Camp, a cawp ; an army 
Campagnard, e. a. of the coun- 
try, rustic 
Campagnard, sm. a countryman, 

a clown 
Campagnarde, sf. a country wo- 
Campagne, country; campaign 
Campane, a tuft, fringe 
Campanelle, —nella 
Campanette, blue-bell fiower 
Campanilke, steeple, belfry 
Camp3cbe, (bois de,) sm. log- 
Campement, encampment 
Camper, t;. to encamp, place 
Camphre, sm. camphire 
Camphr^, e. a. camphorated 
Campine, sf. fine pullet 
Campos, sm. a play-day 
Camus, e. a. fiat-nosed, balked 
Camuson, sf. fiat-nosed girl 
Canaille, the rabble, mob 
Canal, sm. canal, channel, gut 

ter, pipe, toays, means 
Canap^, a canopy-couch 
Canapsa, a knapsack 
Canard, mallard, water-dog 
Canarder, va. to pelt, * shoot 
Canardiere, sf. a decoy 
Canarie, sm. canary-bird 
Cancel, ckaiicel 
Cancellation, sf. recission 
Canceller, V a. to cancel; raze 
Cancer, sm. a canker, cancer 
Cancre, a crab-fish ; poor ; stin- 


Candelabre, a chanaeUer 
Candeur, arf. candor, frankness 
Candi, (sucre,) sm. sugar-candy 
Candidal, a candidate 
Candide, 2. a. candid, sincer 
Candidement, ad. sincerely 
Cane, sf. a duck, coward 
Caneler, va. to channel, chamfer 
Canellat, sm. sugar wort, einnor 



Canelle, sf. einnanum^ a lap 
CanelJ6, e. a. of a cinnamon co- 
lour ; chamfered 
Canelure, sf. channelling^ cham- 
fer, fiutings 
Canj^pin, sm. fine sheep-shin 
Caneter, vn. to toaddle 
Canetilie, or silver twist 
Canetiller, va. to tie with tioist 
Caneton, sm, duckling 
Canette, sf. duckling 
Canevas, sm. canvass^ rough 

Caniche, sf. spaniel bitch 
Caaiculaires, (jours,) dog-days 
Caniculc, sf. dog-star^ dog-days 
Camif, sm. a penknife 
Canin, e. a. canine 
Canne, sf. cane, stick, measure 
Canon, sm. cannon.; gun-barrd, 
quill-barrel, cannon^un,catch 
Canonial, e. a. canonical 
Canonicat, sm. a prebend 
Canonique, 2. a. canonical 
Canoniquemcnt, ad. —eally 
Ganoniste, sm. a canonist 
Canonisation, sf. —zation 
Canonj^r, va. to canonize 
Canonnade, sf. cannonade, can- 

Canonnage, sm. gunnery 
Canonner, va. to cannonade 
Canonniec, sm.- gunner 

hole, loop-hole 
Canot, sm. a small boat, canoe 
Cantatc, sf. cantata 
Cantattlle, a little cantata 
Cantharide, Spanish fly 
Cantine, a bottle-case ; a tavern 

for soldiers 
Cantique, sm. a canticle 
Canton, district; part of a town 
Cantonnement, cantoning 
Cantonner, va. to canton 
Be—, vr. to fortify one's self 
Cantonniere, sf. canton ; addi- 
tional curtain to a bed 
Canute, sf. pipe, tube 
Cap, sm. a cape 

Capable, 2. a. capaifle, able, apt 
Capablement, ad. skilfully 
Capacity, sf. al>ility, skill, size 
Caparasson, sm. eaparison 
Caparassonner, va. to eaparison 


Cape, sf. tape of a cloak, ridings 

hood; main- sail 
Capelan, im. a poor ignorant 

Capillaire, maiden hair 
Capilotade, sf. a hash ; slander 
Capitaine, sm. a captain 
Capitainerie, sf. government of 

a castle, office of a ranger 
Capitainesse, on capitaine, ad- 
miral galley 
Capital, e. a. c(^ital, chief 

, sm. main point; ftoek, 

Capitale, sf. chief city 
Capitales, sf. pi. capital letters 
Capitalement, ad. capitally, to 

Capitan, sm. boaster, hector 
— bacha, Turkish admiral 
Capitane, sf. the admiral galley 
Capitanie, captainry 
Capitation, poll-tax 
Capiteux, se. a. heady 
Capitole, sm. capital 
Capiton, silk welt 
Capitoul, principal magistrate 

of Toulouse 
Capitulaire, 2. a. of a chapter 
Capitulairement, ad. ehapterly 
Capitulant, sm. member of a 

Capitulation, sf. — tttm, articles, 

Capitular, on. to capitulate, par' 
ley [per 

Capon, sm. idle school-boy; shar- 
Caponner, vn. to * trick 
Caponniere, V- trenehflodgment 
Capor^i, sm. corporal 
Capot, great coat, cloak 
Capote, sf. riding-hood; cloak 
CApre, a caper, m. privateer 
Caprice, sm. whim, caprice 
Secapricier, vr. to * take pet 
Capricieusement, ad. — ciously 
Capricieux, se. o. capricious 
Capricorne, sm. eapricom 
CAprier, a caper-tree 
Caprisant, (pouls) uneven pulse 
Capsule, sf. a case 
Captateur, sm. an inveigler 
Captation, sf. inveigling 
Captatoiref a. froMduhnt de- 


Captor, va. to inveigle 
Captieusement, ad. subtilely, do- 

Captieux, se. a. deceitful, subtlot 

Captif, ve. a. s. captive 
Captiver, va. to captivate, eon- 
Captivity, */. captivity, great 

Capture, capture, booty, seizure 
Capuce, sm. a cowl 
Capachon, riding-cloak ; ootol 
Capucin, capuchin-friar 
Capucinade,«/. a ridiculous ser 

Capucine, capuchin-nun ; nae 

Caquage, sm. barrelUng up 
Caque, sf. a cag, barrel 
Caque-<lenier,9m. pinch-farthing 
Caquer, va. to barrel up 
Caquet, sm. babbling, talk 
Caqueter, vn. to chat, prattle 
Caqueteur, sm. a great talker 
Caqueteuse, sf. talkative gossip 
Caqueterie, tittle-tattle 
Caquetoire, a chair of rest 
Caqueur, sm. he that guts her' 

rings to barrel them 
Car, c. for, because 
Carabe, sm. yellow amber 
Carabin, carabijieer ; rook 
Carahinade, sf. a rook's trick 
Carabine, a carbine 
Carabiner, va. to fire and Iheik 

retreat ; to play the rook 
Carabjnier, sm. a carabineer 
Caracol, en caracol, tcinding 

Caracole, •*/• caroeol, or toheel 

ing about 
Caracoler, vn. to wheel about 
Caracouler, to coo 
Caractdre, sm. character; stile ; 

humour; charm 
Caract^riser, va. to charaeterizo 
Caractdristique, a. s. character- 
Carafe, */. afiagon 
Carafon, sm. an ice^eSH 
Carambole, sf. earambol 
Caramboler, va. to carambei 
Caramel, sm. barley-sugar 
Caraque, 9f' a caraek 


Carat, a curat 
Canvane, »/. a eeeraoan 
Caravanier, am. leader of a ca- 
Caravaniste, one belonging to a 

Caravanserail, am, caravansary 
Cartioacle, a plague; blotch; 

Carbonnade, sf. a carbonade; a 

Carcan, sm. necklace; iron collar 
t'arcaase, af. carcass^ skeleton 
Carcinome, sm. —ma^ a cancer 
Carde, sf. stalk of an artichoke 

) a card 

Cardie, two cards full ofibbol 
Carder, va. to card toool 
Cardeur, se. a carder 
Cardialgie, sf. heart-bum 
Catdiaque, 2. a. s. cordial 
Cardier, sm. a card-maker 
Cardinal, e. a. cardinal 
— — , sm. a cardinal 
Cardinalat, cardinalsMp 
Cardinale, sf. (plante) cardinal, 
Cardinaliser, va. to make a car- 
dinal; to paint red 
Cardon, sm. cardoonrthtstle 
CarSme, lent 

Un car^me, prenant, a ridicu- 
lous fellow 
Car^nage, sm. careening-plaee 
Carene, sf. all the parts of a 

skip under toater 
Car6ner, va. to careen 
Careseant, c. a. kind, flattering 
Caresse, */. caresses, wheedle 
Careseer, va. to caress, sooth 
Cargaison, sf. a cargo 
Carguer, va. to brail up the sails 
Cargues, sf. pi. brails 
Caricature, sf. an overcharge 
Cane, rottenness in the bones 
Caner, va. to rot, taint 
Carillon, sm. chimes; scoldings 

Cariilonnement, chiming 
Cariiioflbier, vn. to chime 
Carillopoeur, sm. a chxmer; a 

noisy fellaip 
Cariole, af. a kind of calash 
Caristadc, alms^ charity 
Canne, sm, a carmdite 
Carmelite, V^- carmeUU nun 


Cannin, mi. carmine 

Carminatif, ve. a. carminatroe 

Carnage, sm. carna^e^ slaughz 
ter, carrion 

Camassier, e. a. carnivorous, 

Camasslere, sf. pouchy bag 

Carnation,*/.— fion; flesh-colour 

Camava], sm. carnival 

Carne, sf. angle^ comer 

Cam^, e. a. carnation 

Camet, sm, a debt book 

Carnivore, 2. a. kamivorous 

Camodt6, sf. camosity 

Carogne, a jade 

Caron, sm. a slice of fat bacon 

Caroncule, sf. a small gland; ex- 

Carotte, a carrot 

Carotter, vn. to play low 

Carouase, */. carousing 

Carpe, a carp. — Carpe p&m^e, 
an affected woman 

— , sm, the wrist 

Carpeau, a little carp 

Caipettes, sf. packing clothes 

CarpiUon, sm, a young carp 

Carquois, a quiver 

Carr6,*/. crown of a hat; shape 
of a coat; toes of a shoe 

, e. a. square 

, sm. a square, garden bed 

de mouton, breast of mutton 

Carreau, square; pane; garden- 
bed ; cushion ; diamond at 
cards; the ground; thunder- 
bolt: thund!er-stone; tailor's 
goose; bolt 

Carrefdir, a cross-way 

Carrel age, paving with square 
tiles, ^-e. 

Carreler, va. to pave with square 
tiles, d'-c. to mend shoes 

Carrelet, «»ii. a flounder 

Carrelette, sf. aflnefile 

Carreleur, sm. one that paves 
vnth square tiles, iS-c. 

Carrelure, */. paving with tiles, 

Carr^ment, ad. square 

Carrer, va. to square 

Se— , va. to strut 
Carret, sm. rope-yam 
Carrier, a quarry-man 
Cariiere, sf. quarry; career 



CamMBC, Ml. a eoaeh 

— de voiture, stage-coach 

— coup6, a chariot 

— bris^, a landau 

— de louage, a haekney-eoaek 
Carross^e, */. full coach . 
Carrossier, sm. a coaeh-maker 
Carrousel, a carousal 
Carrousse, sf. riot, loose mirth 
Corrure, shape of a coat 
Cartayer, va. to quarter 
Carte, sf. card, map, pasteboard 
Carte-marine, sea-chart 
Cartel, sm. cartel; challenge 
Cart^siauisme, the Cartesian 

Cartesian, Cartesian 
Cartier, a card-maker 
Cartilage, a gristle 
Cartilagineux, ae. a. gristly 
Carton, sm. pasteboard, bandbox 
Cartonner, va. to add a leaf to a 
book [ker 

Cartonnier, sm. ptuteboard-m»- 
Cartouche, sf. a charge; car- 
Cartulaire, sm. a collection of 

Cos, a case; fact; chance; mat- 
ter; value 
Casanier, sm. close housekeeper; 

lazy drone 
Casanier, e. a. retired, idle 
Casaque, sf. a great coat 
Casaquin, sm. a short gown 
Cascaide, sf. cascade, afalL 
Case, a point at backgammon; 
square in a draught-board; 
mean habitation; boa 
Casemate, a casemate 
Cascmater, va. to fortify 
Cascr, vn. to * take a point at 

Caserne, sf. a barrack 
(>asemer, vn. to * be in barracks 
Casilleux, se. a. brittle 
Casque, sm. a helmet 
Cassade, sf. a flam, sham 
Ca8gaille,/r«< digging of afield 
Cassant, e. a. brittle 
Cassation, sf. repeal, abrogating 
Caase, cassia, pen-ease, case 
Casse-cou, sm. unsafeplace; umr 

even ground 
CaM^ef (voix,) sf broken motoe 



Ca«er, on. to * hreak, bruise; 

Caaaerole, «/. a stew^an 
Caase-noiaette, am. nut-eracker 
Oaase-tftte, puzzle-brain; heady 

Cassette, sf.eofferet; privf-pw»e 
Caaseur, sm. cracker^ bouncer 
Gassier, eassia-tree 
Cassolette, sf, perfuming pan • 
Cassonade; ptnodired sugar 
Castagnette, castanets 
Caste, a tribe 

Casteiane, sort of green plum 
CasUUe, bickering; contention 
Castor, sm. a beaver 
Casualit6, sf. perquisite 
Casuel, le. a. casual; precarious 
Casuel, sm. profits^ perquisites 
Casueliement, ad. casually^ by 

Casuiste, sm. casuist 
Catacrese, sf. eatecresis 
Catacombs, pi. catacombs 
Catadoupee, pi. toater-faXls 
Catafalque, sm. funeral decora- 
Catalepsie, sf. catalepsy 
Cataleptique, 8. a. —tic 
Catalogue, «m. —logue^list^roU 
Cataplasme, poultice 
Cataracte, sf. a.cataract 
Be cataracter, va. to grow dim 
Catarrhe, sm. a catarrh 
Catarrheux, ae. a. catarrbous 
Catastrophe, */. —phe 
Cat^chiser, va. to caleekise; tc 

endeavour; to persuade 
Cat^cliisme, sm. a catechism 
Cat^chiste, a eatechist 
Cat^cbumene, 2. s. —men 
Cat^gorie, sf. —gory, class 
Cat^goriquement, ad. categori- 

Cathartlque, 2. a. cathartie 
CatMdraie, sf. a cathedral 
Cath6drant, sm. a lecturer 

CathoUcisme, lieism 

Catholicity, sf. Catholicism; the 

catholic countries 
Catholicon, sm. —eon 
CatlioliQue, 3. a. s. catholic; uni- 

,2. «. Roman Catholic, a 



Catholiqucment, ad. Ckristiim- 
Cati, sm. a press [like 

Catimini, ad. stay 
Catin, sf. an immodest girl 
— , sm. a foundry vessd 
Catir, va. to press cloth, ^c 
Catoptrique, sf. catoptrics 
Cavalcade, a caxskade, little 

Cavalcadour, sm. an equerry 
Cavale, sf. a mare 
Cavalerie, cavalry, horse 
Cavalier, sm. trooper; gentle- 

mau, horseman, spark 
Cavalier, e. blunt, haughty 
Cavalidreraent, ad. haughtily, 

gentJeman-like, bluntly 
Caudataire, sm. train-bearer 
Cave, sf. cellar; case of bot- 
tles; vault; pool at play 
— , 2. a. hollow 

Caveaujsm. little vault, or eeUar 
Cav6e, sf. a hollow way 
Caver, vu. to hollow; to stock at 

Caverne, sf. a cavern 
CaverneuiCf se. a. cavernous, 

Cavesson, sm. muzzle to tame a 

horse, check ' 
C&vill&tioa^sf. sophistical reason 
Cavin, sm. a defile, cavity 
Cavit^, sf. hoUowness, canity 
Causality, easuality 
Causatif, ve. a. casual 
Cause, sf. cause^ reason, m4ttive 

d'appel, action upon appeal 

Causer, vn. to cause; 1^; blab 
Causeur, se. s. a baJbblW 
Causerie, sf. babbling, slander 
Causticity, malignity 
Caustique, 2. a, caustic; wasp- 
Cauteleuaement, ad. slily 
Cauteleuz, se. a. wily, sly 
Caut^re, sm. an issue, cautery 
Caut6riser, va. to cauterize; * 

C&ulion,sf.bail; security; surety 

bourgeoise, good security 

Cautionnement, sm. bailing 
Cautionner, va. lo bail, warrant 
Cayer, sm. a quire, stitched book 
Cayeu, a sucitvr; offset 
Ce, cet, cette, i»r0. this, tkat, it 


Ce que, whed, ik«* 

C'est pourquol, thertfett 

Ce n*est pas que, not tkoA 

C^ans, ad. within, at hsmei'kesrt 

Ceci, pro. this, these 

C6cit^, sf. bUndnesa 

C^dant, e. s. grantor 

C^der, va. to cede, yield, resign 

C6dil]e» sf cedilla (ig) 

C^drat, sm. a kind of citron 

Cedre, cedar 

C6dule, sf. biU, note, eedula 

Ceindre, va. toendese; *put en; 

Ceintr^, e. a. arched, vaulted 
Ceiuture, sf. girdle; the waist, 

enclosure; cincture 
Ccinturier, sm. a beU-wtaker 
CeinturoQ, a belt 
Cela, pro. that, thMs, so 
Celadon, sm. seu-green; effected 

sentimental man 
C616brant, e(fficiating priest 
Calibration, sf. solemnity 
C^l^bre, 2. a. famous, eminent 
C^I^brer. va. edebrate, *set forth 
C6]6brild, sf.—ty, solemnity 
C^ler. va. to conceal, * hide 
C^leri, sm. celery 
C6i6rit6, sf. — rll|; swiftness, 

Celeste, 2. a. cOestial, heavenly • 
C^lestins, sm. pi. a sort of fri- 
C^libat, sm. ceUbaey; single lift 
Celibataire, 2. a. of c^ibaey 

, sm. a bachelor 

, sf. ujunarried woman 

C^e, pro. f. she, that 
Cellerier, e. s. caterer; eellarist 
Cellier, sm. cellar above ground 
Cellule, sf. a cell, box-case; hola 

in the honey-comb 
Celui, pro. he, that 
Celui-ci, celle-ci, this 
Celui-la, celie-la, that 
Cement, sm. cement 

Cementation, sf. Hon 

Cendre, sf. ashes 
Cendr^, e. ash-coloured 
Cendr6e, sf. dross of lead; email 

Cendreux, se. a. ashy, fktt of 

ashes * 

Cendrier, sm. ash pan 


Oindle, AWrMl»*irty 
CftnoUte, ^m. «Mia 

Otaobidque, 3. «. eieol 

Oinocapbe, mi. emfUpkj i e. 

Oeoa, fint-fi0ii( 
CenatUe, 3. «. 0/a iiMm«r 
I CennI, sm. a krpker 

(kaabf e. s. oecMmterf; repuUd 
Ceweiir, sm. eentorj « critic 
Ceoder, the lord of a mmor 

, €. s. a fee- farmer 

Cenriuire, sm. « eepykelder 
CeaAv% »f. a wumer 
Censivement, ad. in a fniitU 

Gensoel, le. a.femial 
Censarable, 3. «. —Me, deeerv 

i»f eensMre 
Oeniure, »f. eetuorship; eenewe; 

Oeonirer, va. te eenevre; * ekide 
Cent, 3. a. hundred 

^ em. « hundred 

Oentaine, sf. about a kanired 
Ceataure, em. a centaur 
Oentaar^e, of. eentuarff 
Oentenaire, 2. a. eentenanf 
Centenier, Oenturion, em. eap- 
. tain of « hundred; centurion 
Centi«nie, 3. a hundredth 
Centoo, sm. rhapsody 
Central, e. c central 
Centre, em. centre 
Centrifuge, 3. a. centrifugal 
Centri|Mbte. 3. a. centripetal 
Centuple, 3l a. sm. hundredfold 
Centupler, va. to increaee great- 

Centoriateur, sm. — alor 

Centurie. sf. —ry^ hundred 

Oenturion, em. —rien 

Cep, ««. a vine 

Cependant, ad. t» the Toeantimey 

neverihelessy yet, 
C«phalaio$ie, sf. -^gy 
Ciphalique, 3. a. eephaUe 
CepB, sm. pi stochs, fetters 
C6rat, Ml. eeratcy plaster 
CerMre, Ortenw 
Cerceau, a hoop, n«t, ring 
Cercelle, ef. a teal 
Ceidei Ml. a eireU, ^9somhlf \ 


OHclor, va. U hoop 
Ceietter, mc heop-maher 
Cercueil, a coffin 
C^rtmooial, e. a. —niel 
— , •». —nialrritual 
C«r6inonie, ef. — ny, riU 
C^rtmoiiiettx,. ae. a. eeremeni- 

one i formal 
Gerf, em. a sUg; a hart 
Cerf-Tolant, hem-beetle; paper- 

Oerfeuil, mi. chervil 
Cerise, sf. a cherry 
Ceriaier, sm. a cherry-tree 
Ceme, a ring, cvrde 
Cemaao, kernel of a nut 
Gemer, va. * take out the kernel 

of a »«e, tap a tree 
— yeux cern^s, eyes eurrounded 

teith black and blue fpote 
Gertain, e. a. certain, euro 
——f sm. certainty 
— — o une nouyelle certain, sure 

—^ one certain nouyelle, a re- 
Gertainement, oi. certainly 
Gertes, truly^ indeed 
GertiAcat, em. acerUAcate 
Certificateur, a voucher 
Certification, ef. —Hon 
Gntifier, va. te certify , assure 
Certitude, sf. certainty^ etabiUty 
Cervaiflon, venison-season 
Cerveau, mi. the brain 
Cervelas, cervelas^ kind of sau- 
Gervelet, hind part of the brain 
CerveUe, ef. brains 
Cervical, e. a. — c<U 
Cervier, (loup) mi. a lynx 
Cervoise, */. sort of beer 
G^ruflc, white lead 
Ces, pro. these^ Aose 
Ceaae, ceasing, intermission 
Cesser, v. cease, * leave off 
Cessible, 3. a. transferable 
Cession, sf. a yielding up 
Cessionnaire, 2. s. cessionary, 

Ceste, em. cestus, girdle 
Gesare, sf. emsuray pause, reet 
Get, pro, thie, that 
C^iac^e, a. m. cetaecotu 



Ceux, eeDea, vr*. theee, Oam 

Chabler, va. fasten to a eaUa 
Chablear, mi. a water-^fi/ur 
Cfaablis, wind-fallen wood 
Ctiaconne, sf. chaeon (a tUM) 
Chacun, e. pro. every mm, t 

(it can never be joined 1 

Cliafouin, e. a. a. a «i«aii-lMi« 

tngfMew; a polecat 
Chagrin, «iii. grief; vexatton. 

to « 

—f ehagreen 
— ^t e. a. morose, sad 
Chagrinant, e. vexatious 
Cliagrincr, va. to vex, tefret 
Chalne, ef. chain; warp; ridge; 

Chaineau, sm. a pipe of lead 
Chainetier, a ehain-makor 
Chainette, 5/. aUttUchain 
Chainon, sm. a link 
Cbair, sfjlesh^ skin, quick 
— vive, the quick 
Chaire, a pulpit; fee; eraiery 
Chaise, a chair, seat, eedan 
Chaland, e. t. customer; chap* 

Ch&\a.ndiae,sf. custom, good-wiU 
Chftlet, Ml. a hut, cabm ^ ' 

Ohaleur, ef.^heat; warmth; teal 
Chalit, em. bedstead 
Chaloupe, sf. great boat 
Chaiumeau, sm. stem; a pipei 

Chamade, ef.- a parley [gla 
Chamailler, vn. to fight; wron- 
Chamaillia, «iii. fray, squabble; 

Chamarrer, va. to lace, davi 
Chamarrure, sf. lacing 
Chambalon, sm. a yoke {to carry 

milkf water, Src.) 
Chambellan, chamberlain 
Chambranle,jamA«; mantle-tree 
Chambre, ef. ehav^er, room 
Chambr6e,p0r»oiM lying in one 

room, house-full 
Chambreian, sm. chamber-art^' 

cer, a.lodger 
Chambrer, vn. to lodfe together; 

to confine, take aside . 
Chambrctte, */. littU room ^ 
Chanibrler, mi. chamberUm w 

a monastery 



CbBmbriere, af. chamber-maid; 

Chambriiion, young maid 
Chamcau, em. a camel 
Chamelier, camel-driver 
Chames, Games, em. muaelea 
Chamois, shamoy; wild goat 
Chamoiseur, shamoy-dresser 
Cfaamp, afield; matter 

— de bataiile, field of battle 

— clos, camp list 
Champagne, sf. champaign 
Champart, sm. field-rent 
Champatter, vo. to collect field- 

Champartear, sm, field-rent col- 
Champdtre, 2. a.rural 
Champignon, sm. mushroom; 

thief in a candle 
Champignonni^re, sf. a bed for 

Champion, sm. a champion 
Chance, sf. chance^ hazard 
Chancelant, e. a. tottering; un- 
Chanceler, vn. to totter; to war 

Cbancelier, »m. chancellor 
Chainceli^Te,sf. chancellor's wife 
Chancellement, sm. tottering; 

ChanceIIeri«, sf. chancery 
Chancenx, se. a. lucky 
Chancir, va. to grow mouldy 
Chancissure, sf motUdiness 
Chancre,9ni.a cancer, sore; foul- 
ness in the teeth 
Chancreiiz, se. a. cancerous 
Chandeleur, sf. Candlemas 
Ciiandelier, sm. candlestickf a 

tallow chandler 
Chanddle, sf. a candle 
Chanfrein, sm. forehead of a 

Change, exchange, ehangOfbank- 

er*s trade 
Changeant, e. a. changeable, 

Changement, «m. change; alte- 

Changeotter, va. to change of- 

Changer, va. to change; alter, 
shifty barter 


Changeur, em. banker, money- 
Chanoine, aprebenaary 
Chanoinesse, sf. a canonese 
Chanoinic, canonry, canonehip 
Chanson, a song^ idle story 
Chan8onner,va. to lampoon 
Cbansonnette, sf, little songylay 
Chansonnier, em. ballad-maker 
"Chant, singing; tune; canto 

du coq, cock-crow 

Chantant, e. a. tunable; sing- 
Chanteau, em. hunch of bread, 

Chanter, va. to * sing; to crow; 

Chanterelle,*/, treble-string; de- 

Chanteur, se. s. a singer 

Cnantourn^, a head-piece of a 

Chantre, a chanter, a clerk 
Chantrerie, sf chantry 
Chanvre, fm. hemp 
Chan vrier, hemp-dresser 
Chaos, chaos, confusion 
Chape, sf. cope, helm 
Chapeau, sm. a hat; man 
Cbapelain, a chaplain 
Chapeier, va. to * rasp bread 
Chapelet, sm. chaplet^ head, stir- 
rup-leather; a chain-pump 
Chapelier, e. s. a hatter 
Chapelle, sf. chapel, benefice 
Chapellenie, chaplainship 
Chapelure, chippings ; chips; 

Chaperon, sm. hood; coping of a 
wall; bolster-cap; top; com- 
Chaperonner, va. to * cap one; 
to protect; to hood-wink the 
Chapier, sm. cope-bearer 
Chapiteau, chapiter, capital 
Chapitre, chapter; chapter-house 
Chapitrer, va. to reprimand 
Chapon, sm. capon; crust bf 

bread boiled in broth 
Chaponneau, em. young capon 
Chaponner, va. to capon 
Chaponni^re, sf. eaponry 


Chaquc, pro. each, every (*i» 
always joined to^sabfitantive) 
Char, sm. chariot, car 
Charan^on, a weevil, mite 
Charbon, coals; ulcer 

de bois, charcoal 

— ^ do terre, pit-coal 
Charbonn6e, sf. short rib of 

Charbonner, va. to daub with a 

Charbonnier, sm. coal-merchant 

coUier; coal-hole 
CharlMiiniere, */. colliery; coal- 
house; coal-woman 
Chnrbouiller, va. to stain; to 

Cliarcuter, va. to hack, mangle 
ChaTcui£iie,sf. hog* s flesh; sou* 

eeiges, ^c 
Charcutier, e. s. who keeps a 

Cbardon, sm. thistle; spike-head 
Cbardonner, va. to nap cloth 
Chardonneret, sm. goldfinch 
Chardonnicre, sf. thistle-plot 
Cliarge, load, charge, cargo; em- 
ployment; place, office 
Chartrcant, e. a. clogging; te- 
Chargement, 3m. bill of lading 
Cliaxgeoir, charger in gunnery 
Chai^er, va. to load; charge;- 

burden, Itide, clog 
Se — , to *take upon one's self 
Char|feur, sm. a loader 
Chanage, carriage 
Charier, u. to carry along 

droil, tfi mind one*s hits 

Chariot, sm. wagon, cart 
Charitable, 2. a. charitable 
Cbaritablement, ad. —tably 
Cliarit6, rf. charity, alm^ 
Charivari, sm. paltry musir, 

a clutter 
Chariatan,a mountebank; wheed^ 

Cliariatane, sf. cunning gipsy 
Charlataner, va. to guU 
Charlatanerie, sf. quackery 

Charmant, e. a. charming; de 

Charnie, mi. charm, yoke-dm 
Charmer, va. to charm; eUay 

CHA ' 

Cbannille, «/. hedge of yoke-elm 

Cbarnage, sm. flesh- time 
CkaiDcl, le. a. carnal; sensual 
Ciianiellement, ad. carnally 
ChaniMUXj se. a. fleshy 
Charniur, sm. charnel-house; a 

Cbarniere, sf. a hinge 
Charnu, e. a. fleshy, plump 
Ciiarnure, sf. flesh, skin 
Charogne, carriony carcass 
Charpeote, timber-work 
Charpcnter, va. to loork timber; 

to mangle 
Cbarpenterie, sf. carpentry 
Charpentier, em. carpenter 
Charpie, sf. Cbarpis, sm. lint 
Charree, */. buck-ashes 
Cbarret^ef a cart-load 
Cbarretier, chartier, sm* carman 
Cbarrette, */. a cart 
Cbarroi, sm. carriage, toainage 
Charr<Hi, « cartwright 
Cbanonage, cartwrighUs work 
Cbarruage, arable land 
Charrue, sf. a plough 
Cbarte, chartre, a charter 
Chaite-partie, eharUr-party 
CbartiJ, chartiB, sm. a pent-house 

for carts, great cart 
Chartre, sf. charier, gaol 
Cbartreuse, charter-house 
CbarUeux, se. s. Carthusian fri- 
ar, or sua 
Chamier, sm. keeper of charters 
Chasj sm. needle-eye 
Chaseret, little sash-frame to 

make cheese 
CbOsBe, sf. shrine; ecale; frame; 

Chaase, */. hunting; game; chase 

aux oiaeaux, fowling 

ChaMe-chien, sm. beadsman 
Citasse-eousin, em. had wine 
Cbawe-coquin, bedsman 
Cha«eUis,exce/i0nC soH of white 

CbaaM»-marto, a fish-cart; a 

CbasBer, va. to hunt, * drive a- 

way, chase, pursue 
— aa fuaii, to * go a shooting 
Cbaaeereaae, sf. a huntress 
CbasBCur, em. huntery fowler 


Chasseuse, sf. a huntress 
Cbassie, blfar-eyednese 
Cbassieux, se. a. blear-eyed 
Cb&sais, sm. sash; frame; chase 
Chaasoir, cooper^ s driver 
Cbaste, 3. a. chaste; pure; neat 
Gbastement, ad. chastely; purely 
Cha8tet6, «/. chastity, purity 
Cbasuble, a kind of cope 
Cbasublier, sm. maker of ecclesi- 
astical ornaments 
Cbat, cat 

Petit cbat, little dear 
Cbats, pi. catkins 
Cbfitaigne, «/. a ehesnut 
CbtLtaigiieraie, ehesnut orchard 
Cb^ktaignier, sm. chesnut-tree 
Chatain, a. m. ehesnut- colour 
ChdteaUf sm. a casUe, or seat 
Ghliteaux en Espagiie, airy eas- 

ChSitelain, lord of a manor; go- 
vernor of a castle; casteUan 
Chateiet, Utile castle 
CbdteUenie, sf. castle-ward 
Chat-huantf sm. screech-owl, sul- 
len man 
CblLtiaMe, 9. a. punishable 
Cbdtier, va. to chastise; mind; 

Cbatiere, sf. a cat-hole 
Cb^timent sm. chastisement 
Cbatoii, a kitten; bezel; catkins; 

CbatouiUement, tickling 
Chatouiller, va. to tiekU; please 
Cbatouiileux, ae. a. ticklish^ de- 
Cbatte, sf. a she-cat; puee; dain- 
ty woman 
Cbatt^e, brood of a cat 
Chattemite, demure hypocrite 
Gbatter, chatonner, vn. to kitten 
Gbaud, 6. a. hot, warm, hasty^ 

, sm. heat, hot 

, ad. hot, warmly 

Ghaudeau, sm. caudle 
Ghaudemcnt, ad. warmly, earn- 
Gbauderon, em. a kettle, caldron 
Gbauderonn6e, sf. kettleful 
Gbauderonnerie, brazier*e ware 
Cbauderonnier, em. braiier, tin- 



Ghaadidre, sf. cMron; 

great kettle 
Gbauffage, sm.fuel 
Gbaufi'e, sf. furnace 
Cbaufl'e-pied, sm. a foot^teve 
C haulier, va. to heat, warm 
Ghaulferette, sf. a foot-stove 
Chaufferie, a kind of forge 
Cbauifiiur, sm.warmerofafergt 
CiitMiSQ\T,werming^lace; warm 

cloth for a sick person 
Chaufuur, a limekiln 
Chaufournier, a Time maker 
Chavirer, turn upside down 
Ciiaume,«m. stubble,stubble field 
<Jbaumer,va. to * cut stubble^ to 

Gtiauuiicre,5/.a thatched cottage 
Ghauinine, small cottage 
Ghauasaat, e. a. easy to put on 
Gbausse, sf. stocking, straining 

Ctiauases, pL breeches 
Gbau8B6, e. a. eross-gramed 
GbausB^e, sf. eausewajf 
Gbausse-pi6, sm. sheemg-hom 
Cbaiuser,* put en shoeSf 

or stockings; make shoes; to fit 
— le cothume, to turn a drar 

matte writer 
Ghaussetier, em. hosier 
Gtiaassetrap, sf. a caltrap 
Ghaussette, under-stocking 
Chausson, sm. socks, pumps 
GbauBsure, sf. any cover of the 

leg and foot 
Gbauve, 2. a. bald 
Gbauve-souris, sf. a bat 
Gbauvet^, baldness 
Gbaus, lime 

Gbef, sm. head,chief, leader; fag- 

de famille, housekeeper 

Chef-d'cBuvre, a master-piece 
Chef-lieu, a manor-house 

de parti, a ringleader 

GbeUn, sm. shiUing 
Cbemin, way, read, course 
Chemin^e, sf. a chimney 
Cheminer, vn. to walk, or * eo 
Gheraise, sf shirt, shift <TN 
Gbemisette, under-wattitcoae^ 
Gh^naic, a grove of oaks 
Chenal, sm. channel 
Gbenapan, sm. avagabona 



Chftne, an oak 

CMne-verd, holm-oak 

eii6neaU) young^ oak 

, a pipe to convey ratnrwa- 

ter from the jpUtera 
C^enet, kand-tron 
Cheneviere, sf. hemp-field 
Cbcnevis, am. hemp-seed 
Chenevotte, af. short strata 
Cbeoevotteri vn. to peel hen^ 

Chenil, mi. a ^g-ke»nd 
CheaiUe, sf. a caterpillar 
Chenu, e. a. hoary; gray-headsd 
Cher, e. dear; costly; beloved 
Cherche, sf. search 
GSbercher, va. to * seek^ look for, 

• search 
Ch««heur, se. s. seeker^ searcher 
Chere, sf. cheery treaty cntertotn- 

ChSrement, ad. dear^ dearly 
Ch^rir, w. to cherish^ love 
CbeiBonSse, sf. peninsula 
Cherts, deamesSf dearth 
Gh^mbin, sm. a cherub 
Chdrubique, 2. a. ckentbinicai 
Cbervis, sm. chervil 
Ch6tif,ve. a. meany sorry ^pitiful 
Ch6tivement, ad. pitifully 
Cheval, mi. a horse 
Cheval-fondu, leapfrog 
Caieralerie, sf. knighthood; chi- 
Cbevalet, am. wooden horse; 
bridge of an inatrwnenl; eaael; 
treasel; buttress; poop 
GSevalier, a knight 

dMndujstrie, sharper 

de la coupe, toper 

d'honneur, first gentleman 


du guet, captain of a watch 

on horseback 
Cbevaliere, sf. knighVs lady 
Cbevaline (bete,) horse or mare 
Cfaevance, one's whole substance 
ChevBuchee^ judge* a circuit 
Chevaucher, vn. to * ride (obso- 
^h9t!au-l6gerB, am. light horse 
"OWvecier, veatry-keeper 
Ch^veceiie, tf. office of a veatrf 

Chevela e. a. long^udrtd 


Cbevelure, »f. head of kiair; 

beams; fibre 
Cbevet, am. a bolater 
Ghevfttre, a halter (old) 
Cheveu, a hairy fibre^ Aread 
CbevUle, af. a peg; ando-boncy 

broachy botch [raldry) 

Chevill^, e. a. branched (in ho- 
Cheviller, va. to peg^ to pin 
Chevillette, af. bookbinder* a peg 
Chevillon, mi. turner' a peg 
CbeTillure, af. the broachea of a 

deer* a head 
Cbevir, vn, to manage^ overrule 
Cfadvre, af. a ahe-goaty crab 

' sauvage, antel^e 

Cbeyreau, mi. a kid 
Cb^vre-feuille, heneyauekle 

pied, a. m. goat-footed 

Cbevrette, rf. a doe; ayrup pot; 

little hand-iron; ahrtmp 
Chevreuil, mi. a roebuck 
Chevrier, a goatherd 
Cheyrillard, fawn of a roe 
Chevron, a raftery chevron 
Cbevronn^e, e. a. chevrony 
Chevroter, vn. to kid; to fret; 

akip; to * have a tremhUng 

voice m singing 
Cbevrotin, mi. a kid^a akin 
Chevrotin^, af. deer-ahot 
Cbexy pr. at, or to one' a houae^ 

amongy with 
CfaiasBe, af. aeumy dung 
Chiaoux, am, a 7\trkiah haiUff 
Chicane, sf. Mcaneryy cavil 
Chicaner, va, to chicane; * vexy 

quarrely cavil 
Chicanerie, af, chicanery 
Cbicaneu7,8e. a. chicaner; ahifter 
Chicanier, e. wrenglery eamUer 
Chiche, 3. a. atingy 
Chichement, ad, attngily 
Chichet^, af. niggardlineaa 
Chicon, Ml. eoaa-leUuee 
Chicor^e, af, auccoryy endive 
Chicot, Ml. a, atump 
Chicoter, vn, to wrangle; trifle 
Chicotin, am. orpine 
Chien, a dogy coch of a gun 
Chien-c^leate, am, dog-atear 

dent, dog* a graae 

• Biaxin, eee^iog 

Chienne, «/. a bitch 
Chlenner, vn. to whelpt j»«j»py 

* CHO 

Chtfib, •/. eorry aUky or ata^ 
Chiffon, Ml. a ragy clout 
Chiffons, pi. mUhnery weree 
Chiffonner, rumpUy tumble 
Cfalffonnier, e. a. a rag-pieker 
ChiffomO^reyaf. lady* a work-bag^ 
Chifie, Ml. eiphery figure, a 

number.-^\Jn z6ro en chiAe, 

an tnaignifieant man 
Chiffxer, ««. to * east up; * write 

in dphera 
ChifiVeur, mi. an aeeew^Umt 
Chignon, the nape of the niekf 

hind curl 
Chim^ie, af. chimeroy idle fancy 
Chim^rlqne, 3. a. chimerical, 

Chim^riquement, ad. '-HtaUy 
Chimie, af. ehymietry 
Chimique, 8. a. ehymieal 
Cfaimiflte, mi. a ehymiat 
Chiourme, ^. a gaUey'a crew 
CtaiptibeSyVn. to piddle; trifle 
Chipotier, e. a.piddlery tr^ 
Chiquenaude, af. afiUip 
Chiquet, am. a bit 
Chirographaire, written under 

the diapoaer*a own hand 
Chiroroancie, af. palmiatry 
Chiromancien, ne. a. —numeer 
Cidmrgical, e. a, —col 
Cliimrgie, af. aurgery 
Chirorgien, mi. a aurgeen 
Chirurgique, 2.-^gieal 
ChlaKy af. fiiee* dung 
Choc, am. ahock; daahing; etk- 

aety daahing 
Chocailler, vn, to tipple 
Cbocaillon, af. fuddkng geaaip 
Chocolatj am. chocolate 
Chocolatier, one who keepe a 

ehocolate-heuae, ehocolatema 

kery or aeUer 
Chocolati^re, af. ehoeolate-pot 
ChoBur, Ml. cAtft'r, dutrue 
Choir. im. to * fall [elect 

Choior, va, to*chooaey*piek out, 
Choiz, Ml. choicoy option 
Ch6mable, Sis. to be kept a» a 

Ch6mage, mi. reapite, real 
Ch6iner, v.te* keep holiday, to 

want worky reatfrom work 
Cbopine, ef. A'mcA ha^fynHt: 


CBT « 

Cbopiner, vn. to tipple 
Cboquaot, e. a. shocking; offen- 

Cboqner, p. to* okock, offend, * 

iaok,* clash, to * tonchgUsses 
Be — t w> ^ * teA< thence, abuse 

Choriste, sm. chorister 
Cbof (^apble, af. —phy 
Cborographiqae, 2. a.—phieal 
Cborus, faire cbonw, to * sing 

together, * make chorus 
Cfaoee, sf. thing 
Cbou, sm. cottage; eole-woH; 

Choa-fleur, cauli/lower 
Choacas, sm. a jackdaw 
Chouette, sf. sereeeh-outl; laugh- 
ing-stock; play ^ one person 

against two 
Chouquet, sm. moor's head 
Cboyer, va. to cocker; to * take 

great care of 
Chrome, sm. chrism 
Cbr^mea'i, chrism cloth 
Chretien, ne. a. s. christian 
Cbr6cieiineiDent, ad. christianly 
Cbrttient^, sf. Christendom 
Cbristianisme, Christianity 
Chromatique, 3. a. sf. — tte 
ChroDique, sf. chronicle 
— -, 3. a. ehronical 
Chronlqueur, sm. a writer of 

Ctaronoframme, —gram 
ChroDologie, sf. —logy 
Cbronolopque, 3. a. —ficaX 
Chronologic, sm, —gist 
Cbronoioeue, —loger 
Cbryaalide, sf. chrysalis 
CtaiyBOCoUe, chrysoeol, borax 
Chrysolite, —UU 
Chu, part, fallen down [row 
Cbucneter, vn. to pip as a spar- 
Cbuchotter, vn. to whtsper 
Cbuchotterie, */. whispering 
Chacboteur, se. s. whisper er 
Chut ! int. hush! 
Chute, sf. fall, disaster, cadence. 

—lOL chute des feuilles, aw- 

tumn.—Va» chute d^humeurs, 

a defiuxion 
CbyiCf em. the ehyU 


€:hymie,icc vid, Chimie, ice 
CI, ad. here 
Ci-devant, heretofore 
Ci-apr^s, heree^fter 
Cj-deseous, under here 
Ci-desBUs, aforesdid 
Ciboire, sm. a pyx, box, cup 
Ciboule, sf. seallion, chibbot 
Ciboulelte, chives 
Cicatrice, a scar 
Cicatricule, little sear 
Ciclitriser, va. cicatrize, gash 
Cicero, pica, (printing type) 
Cid, MR. an Jirabian chief 
Cidre, cider 

Ciel, sm. sky, heaven, canopy 
del de lit. Uster, top of a bed 
Des ciels de lit; bed testers 
Ciei^, sm. a wax taper 
CieujE, sm. pi. del for its singv^ 

lar, heavens 
CigtL]e,sf. chirping kind cf grass- 



te mer, a kind t^ sea craw- 

Cigogne, sf. a stork 

Cigogneau, sf a young stork 

Cigue, sf. hemlock 

Cil, sm. eye-lashes 

Citice, sm. hair-cloth 

Cillement, twinkling of the eyes 

Ciller, va. to twinkle, wink 

Cime, sf. the top, ridge, height 

Ciment, sm. cement^ union 

Cimenter, va. to cement 

Cimentier, sm. cement-maker 

Cimeterre, a dmeter 

Cimeti^re, a churchyard 

Cimier, crest, buttock 

Cimier de cerf, haunch of veni- 

Cinabre, cinnabar; red lead 

Cin^raire, (ume,) */. urn in- 
cluding ashes 

Cin^ration, —tion 

Cinglage, sm. ship*s course; lash 

Cingler, vn. to sail before the 
wind, to lash, * cut 

Cinnsmome, sm. cinnamon 

Cinq, a. sm.fve 

Cinquantaine, sf.ffty 

Cinquante, 9. a.ffty 

Cinquantenier, sm. commander 
offfty »"«• 

Cinquantieme 2. a. fiftieth 

Cinqui^me, 8. c Mn.XfU 

denier, four shMngs te 

Cinqui^mement, ad.£ftkbf 
Cintrage, sm. the cords whuh ei- 

ther encircle or tie a sh^ 
Cintre, an arch, centre 
Cintrer, va. to * make arch-wise 
Cifipe, sm. cippus 
Cirage, waxing 
Circonclre, va. %o dreumeise 
Circonci8eur,««. drcumeiser 
CirconcisioD, ^. cireumcision 
Ciconfdrence, circumference 
Circonflexe,3. a. cireumJtex[tion 
Circonlocution, sf. drcumlocw 
Circonscrlption, etrcumscription 
Circonscrire, va. to eirevmscribe 
Circonspect. e. a. circumspect 
Circonepection, sf, circumspec- 
Circonstance, dreumstance 
Clrconstances, & dependence!, 

Circonstancier, va. to relate a 
thing with its dreumstanees 
Circonvallation, sf. dreumvallar 

Circonrenir, va. to dreumventy 

Circonvention, sf. decdt 
Circonvoisin, e. a, ndghbouring 
Circ6nvolution, sf. en'cumvolu- 

Circuit, sm. circuit, ambit; dis- 
trict, compass 
Circulaire, 2. a. circular; round 
Circulaircment, ad. drcularly 
Circulateur, sm. —tor 
Circulation, sf. —tion 
Circulaioiie, 3. a. —latory 
Circular, va. to circulate 
Cire, sf. wax, gum, seal; shao' 

— ^'IS^B^Sigtie, sealing wax 
Cirer, va. to wax 
drier, sm. wax chandler 
Ciron, ahandtcorm; little blister 
Cirure, sf. wax plastering 
Cirque, sm. circus 
CiruTe, */. waxing 
Cisaiilir, va. to * clip, * shear 
Cisailles, sf. shears, dippings 
Cisalpine,a.<m this side the ,aip» 
Ciseau, sm.-chisel, graver 



CaeatuXy pi. scifsora 
Cifieler, va. to chase ^ carte 
Ciselet, am. a graver 
Cike\ewj cAaecT, pinker 
C'ifcelure, sf. chasivg^ carving 
Citadc'Ile, a citadel 
Cltadin, e. a. s. citizen 
Citation, sf. ~tion, summons 
Cit6, a city, a town 
Citer, va. cile^ quote^ summon^ 

Cil^rieur, e. a. citerior; hither 
Citeme, sf. a cistern 
Citiee, sm. eitisus 
t iloyen, ne. *. a citizen 
Citrin, e. a. Umon-coloured 
C'itrtm, sm. citron, lemon 
Ckronfiat, candied orange^ or 

Citronn^, e. a. that has the taste 

of lemon 
Citronnelle, sf. halm gentle 
Citronnier, sm. a len\on-tres 
Citrouille, sf. pvmpion, gourd 
Cive, kind of avion 
Civet, sm. harc-ragoo 
Civette,sf.chiver; civct-cat;divet 
Civi^ro, a hand-barrow 
Civil, e. a. civil, well-bred 
Civilement, jid. civilly, kindly 
Civilisation,'*/. — zation 
Civiliser, va. to civilize 
Civility, sf. civility, eottrtesy 
Civilit6g, pi. respects 
Civique, a. f. civic 
Clabaud, £«!. liar; noisy fellow 
Clabaudage, barking of dogs 
Clabauder, vn. to bark; bawl 
Clabauderie, sf. clamour 
Clabaudeur, se. s. noisy man, or 

woman, a bowler 
Claie, sf. a hvrdle 
Clair, e. a. clear; light; thin; 

bright; plain 
, ad. clearly; plainly; clear; 

•^^, sm. shine, light 

. de lune, moonshine 

Ciairement, ad. clearly; plainly 
""lairet, te. a. reddish 
Claire-voi^ */. rails in a park 
Clairidre, glade in a wood 
ClairoD, sm. clarion 
Clair-flem6, e. a. thin sown; fAt'n, 



Oair-ToyaDce, sf. sagacity; pe- 
nt tration 
Clair-Toyant, e. a- clear-sighted 
Clameur, sf. clamour, outcry 
de bare, citation before the 

Clan, sm. a tribe (in Scotland) 
Clandestin, e. a. clandestine 
Clandeetinement, ad. — vely 
ClandestiniKi, sf. privacy 
Clapet, sm. the sucker of a pump 
Clapier, coney-burrow; rabbit; 

a tame rtibbit 
Clapir, vn. to squeak 
Se —,vr. to* lie squat 
Claque, sf. a flap, clog 
Claquedentf sm. a fialf starved 

wretch, chatterer 
Claquement, clapping, chatter- 
Claquemurer, va. to * put in 

CfaqueoreiUe, sm.. fiapt hat 
Claquer, vn. to- * clap, * snap, 

Claquet, sm. mill-clapper; chat 
Clarification, sf. clarifying 
Clarifier, va. to clarify 
Se — , vr. to * grow clear 
Clarine, sf. a bell for the neck 

of animals 
Clarinette, clarinet 
Clart6, clearness; light; splenr 

Clas, sm. knell; passing hell 
Classe, sf. class; ortUr; form, 

Classement, sm. dispositioUj or- 
Claeser, va. to dispose, to levy 
ClaFsique, 2. a. classic 
Claude, a. foolish, simple 
Claudication, sf. lameness 
Claveau, sm. the rot, scab 
Clavel^c, sf. the scab 
CIavel6, e. a. scabby 
Clavetasin, ou Clavecin, sm. 

Clavette, sf. a key; peg 
Clavicule, the collar-bone 
Clavier, sm. a key-chain; the 

keys of an organ, ^c. 
Clause, sf. clause, proviso 
ClauBtral, e. a. ciaustral; mo- 


ClayoB, sm. Utile hurdle 
Clayonage, a fence made vtth 

hurdlis and turfs 
CH', clef; sf. a key, cUf 
CJ^nience, clemency 
Ck nunt, e. a. clement 
Clonic mines, */. pi., the eonsti 

tiition of Fope Lliment V. 
Clepsydre, an hour-glass 
Clcrc, sm. clerk, clergyman 
CIeig6, chrgy, churchman 
Clerical, e. a. clerical 
C16ricalemcnt, ad. clergyman- 
Cl^ricature, sf, cUrksktp; state 

of a clexgyman 
Client, e. s. a client 
Clientele, sf. protection, patron 

Clignement, sm. winking 
Cli^inemuEsette, sf. hide and seek 
Cligner les yeux, va. to wink 
Clignotement, sm. winking 
Clignoter, vn. to wink often 
Climat, sm. climate, clime 
Climat^'rique, 2. a. clhiiaeterie 
Clin d'cDil, sm. the twinkling oj 

an lye 
Clincaille, sf. hard-ware; bast 

Clincaillerie, iron-ware 
Clincaillier, e. s. ironmonger 
Clinquant, sm. tinsel 
Clique, sf. gang, party 
Cliqueter, vn. to clack 
Cliquetis, sm. clashing of swords 
etiquettes, */. snappers; clapper 
Clisse, little hurdle; splint 
Clieser, va. to * make hurdles; 

splint * 
Cloaque, sm. common sewer; Jil 

thy place 
Cloche, sf. a bell, blister., stew- 

Clochement, sm. hopping 
Clocljer, steeple; parish 
-^, vn. to limp, hobble 
Clochette, sf. hand-bell, ftcZi- 

CloiEon, partition 
Cloifonage, sm partition-work 
Cloitre, a cloister 
Cloitrer, va. to cloister up; im- 

Cloitrier, sm. ciaustral monk 


Clopfn-colpat, ad. hobbling ck 

Clopiner, va. to hob'ble along 
Cioporte, sm. a woodUnise 
Clo|K>rt^ux, se. a. very rough 
Ciorre, va. to enclose^ close 
CIos, am. a close 

, e. a. closed, dose, shtU 

Closeau, sm. small close 
Cloasement, clucking 
Closser, vn. to cluck 
Cloiare, */. aw enclosure 
Clou, sm. nail; a bile; clove; stud 
Clous de girofle, cloves 
Cioa k crochet, tenter-hook - 
Ciouer, va. to nail 
Cloater, va. to stud 
Clouterie, */. nail trade 
Cloutier, sm. a nailer 
Clouliere, sf. nail mould 
C!ub, sm. a club^ society 
Clubiste, member of a' dub 
Clystere, a clyster 
Coaccus^, accused with ova or 

several persons 
Coac^vation, sf. —Hon 
Coactif, ve. a. coercive 
Coactton, sf. coercion 
Coadjuteur, ^m. a coadjutor 
Coadjutorerie, sf. —torship 
Coadjutrice, coadjutrix 
Coagulation, a. congealing 
Coaguler, va. coagulate^curd 
CtAalt, sm^ cobalt 
Cocagne, sm. pays de cocagne, 

a land of milk and honey 
Coearde, sf. cockade 
Cocasse, 2. a. odd, comical 
Cocatrix, sm. cockatrice 
Coche, sm. caravan, large coach 

d'eau, a passage-boat 

, sf. notchy old sow; fat ill- 
shaped woman 
Cochemar, sm. night-mare 
CocheniUe, sf. cochineal 
Cocbenillier, sm. cochineal tree 
Cocher, a coachman 
Cocher, va. to * tread 
Cochet, sm. a cockerel 
Cocbon, a hog, a pig 

d'inde, sm. guinea-pig 

Ck)Cbonn6e, */. litter of pigs 
Coehoimer, vn. to furrow 
Coclionnerie, sf. Jilthiness 
Codioniiet, sm.jaek at bowls 


Copo, eoeoa 

Cocon, the cod of a silk-worm 
Coco tier, a cocoa-tree 
CocUon, sf. coction, digestion 
Cocu, sm. cuckold 
Cocuage, euckoldom 
Cocufier, va. to homify 
Code, sm. code, codex 
Cod^cimateur, partner in tithes 
Codkillaire, 2. a. contained in a 

Codicille, sm. codieil 
Codille (gagner,) vn. to win 
Codonataire, 2. a. he or she to 
whom a thing is given jointly 
with another person 
Co-6tat, sm. divided sovereignty 
Co^gal, e. a. co-equal 
Co6rcitif, ve. a. coercive 
Co6rcit»on, sf. coercion, 
Co^ternel, le. a. co-eternal 
Co6ternit6, sf. —nity 
Co6veque, sm. co-bishop 
CoBur, the heart; courage 
Coexistence, */. —ce 
Coexister, vn. to co-exist 
Coffin, sm, small neat basket 
Coffre, sm. chest, trunk, box, cof- 
fer, coffin, belly of a lute 

fort, strong box 

Coffrer, va. to * put in gaol 
Coffrel, */. a little chest; trunk 
Coffretier, a trunk-maker 
Cognasse, sf. wild ^ince ' 

Cognassier, sm. quince-tree 
Cognat, kinsman 
Cognation, sf. — tion, kindred 
Cogne-f6tu, sm. a trtfier 
Cogn6e, sf. a hatchet, axe . 
Cogner, va. to * drive in, beat, 

Cohabitation, sf. — tion 
Cohabiter, vn. to cohabit 
Coh6rence, sf. coherence 
Coherent, e. a. united 
Coh6ritier,e.9.e<^A«tr, co-heiress 
Cohesion, sf. cohesion 
Cohober, va. to thicken, forti- 
Cohorte, sf. cohort, company 
Cohue, a rout, crowd 
Coi, e. a- stUl, quiet 
Coiffe, sf. coif, hood 

— de nuit, night-cap 

— d'une perruque, &c. eaul 



Coiffe de chapeau,<t)itK^ of a hat 
Coiffer, va. to dress one*s head; 

* stop a bottle 
Se collier de, vr. to * be fondly 

attached to 

Se , to* get drunk 

Se de queiqu'un d'une o^- 

nion, to* be prepossessed for 

somebody, an opinion ' 
Coirieur, se. *. milliner; hair- 
Coiffure, sf. a head-dress 
Coin, sm. comer, wedge, coins, 

die; lock of a wig; clock of a 

Coincidence, sf. coiveideneo 
Co'iucider, vn. to coincide 
Coing, sm. a quince 
Col, ou cou, neck; defile; strait 

, a stock 

Co\ere,sf. anger,wrath,pa^8ioni 


— , 2, o. passionate 
Coleret, sm. sort of net 
Col6rique, 2. a. choleric 
Colibri, sm. humming-bird 
Colitithet, gewgaw toy 
CoIin-mailUird, blindman^s but 
Colique, sf. a colic 
Coiis6e, sm.colisteum 
Collat6ral, e. a. — ral 
Collateur, sm. —tor, patron 
CoIIalif, ve. a. —tive 
Collation, sf. —tion, advowson 
, afternoon's lun^heon^ tear 

Collationner, va. to collate 
— , to * eat between dinner and 

supper, to * drink tea 
Golle, sf paste, glue, size 

- de poisson, isinglass 

- (bourde) sham 
Collecte, coUect, gathering 
Collecteur, sm. a collector 
CoHectif, a. s. m. collective 
Collection, sf. — tion 
CoHectivement, ad. —vely 
Coll^gataire, a. s. collegatory 
College, sm. college 
Collegia], e. a. collegiate 
Collogue, sm. colleague, fellow 
CoUer, va. to paste, glue 

du vin, to clarify wine with 

Se , vr. to lis dose, eake 



Oolleietter «/. woman** neek- 

CoUct, »m. collar; mare; neek 
of meal 

, caj»e; ntck; hand; gin 

Gollet-mont^, affected 
Colleter, va, to collar; * set gnu 
Collier, sm. necklacoy collar 
CoUiger, vn. to collect^ infer 
Coltine, sf. a hiU 
Collision, —sion 
Collocation, —turn 
CoUoquer, va. to place in order 
Colluder, vn. to couude, juggle 
CoUusion^ ef. juggling 
CoUuaoire, 2. a. —eory 
CoUusoirement, ad, —eorily 
CoUyre, em. — riitm, eye-ealve 
Colombag€, row of pillars 
Colombe, sf. a dove 
Colombier, sm. a dove-houee 
Colombin, e. a. columbine 
Colon, sm. a planter^ colon 
Colonel, a colonel 
Colonelle, sf. the eoloneVs eom- 

Colonic, a colony ^ plantation 
Colonode, colonade 
Colonne, a column^ pillar 
Colonnesd'un lil, bed-posts 
Colophane, rosin^ hard rosin 
Coloquinte, coloquintida 
Colorer, va. to colour; dye^ dis- 

gvise^ cloke 
Colorier, to varnish 
Coloris, «m. colourings complex- 
Coloristc, a colourist 
Colossal, 6. a. gigantic 
Coloase, sm. colossus 
Colportage, hawker's trade 
Oolporter, va. to hawk about 
Colporteur, sm- a hawker 
Colurc, coluriy colure « 
Coma, comma 

Comatcux, se. a. soporiferous 
Combat, sm. a fight^ b(Utle 
Combattaiit, a combaitant 
Combattre, v. to *fightt combat^ 

oppugn^ contend with 
Combieo, ad. how much; how 

— , am. price 
-— que, although 


Comblnaison, sf. combination 
Ccmbiner, va. to combine 
Comble, 3. a. heaped 
Comble, sm. the top^heighty tim- 
ber-work of a roof 
Combleau, cordage of a cannon 
Combier, va. heap up; load one; 

Comblette, */. cleft^ or parting 

in a stag's foot 
Combriere, a large net 
Combuger des futailles, va. soak 

a cask 
Combustible, 2. a. —bU 
Combustion, sf. —tion, tumults 
Com^die, a play; play-house; 

shamming; sport 
Com^dien, sm. an actor; dissem- 
Comedienne, sf. actress 
Comestible, 2. a. eatable^ s. eat- 
Com^te, sf. a comet 
Cornices, sm. pi. comitia 
Comique, 2. a. comical 
Comiquement, ad. comically 
Comite,«m. officer of a galley 
Comity, a committee 
Comitial, c. a. comttial 
Commandant, sm. commander 
Commandement,coflMnan<2; com- 
Commander, va. to commandy 

order, * bidy * bespeak - 
Conmianderie, sf. commandery 
Commandeur, sm. commander 

of an order 
Commandite, (society en,) sleep- 
ing partnership 
Comme, ad. as, like^ almost 

c as, whereas 

Comniomoration, sf. —Uon 
Commencant, e. s. beginner 
Commencement, sm. beginning 
Commencer, v. to* begin 
Commendataire, a. sm. —tory 
Conimende, sf. commendam 
Commensal, a. m. messmate, 

eating at the same table 
Commensalit6, sf. —lity, fel- 
lowship of table 
Commensurabilite, ~/tty 
Commensurable, 2. a. —ble 
Comment, ad. how, why 
Commentaire, sm. commeni 


Commentateur, —tator 
Commenter, va. to comment, to 

Commer, va. to* make compari- 
Commer^able, 2. a. negociahle^ 
commerctoZ.— Billet commer- 
'{able, a good, a s(\fe bUl 
Commer^ant, e. trading 
Commercant, sm. trader^ ffMr> 

Commerce, sm. —ce; trade; t]»- 

Commercer, vn. to trade 

Commercial, e. a. ciai 

Cummere, sf. a gossip - 
Commettant, sm. trustee; comU- 

Commettre, va. to commit; <g^- 
point; expose 

Se , es^osCf or venture one's 

Commination, sf. threatening 
Commiuatoire, 2. a. —to^ ; 

Commis, sm. clerk, dtputy^ com- 
Commise, sf. forfeiture 
Commiseration, —tion, pity 
Commissaire, sm. commissary; 
commissioner; overseer 

— de guerre, mv^ter-master 

— de liolice, justice of the peace 
Commission, sf. commission; 

message ^ 

Commissionaire, sm. factor; an 
errand man 

Commodat, loan 

Conimode,2. a. commodious; con 
venient; good naiured [era 
-, sf. a commode; chest ofdraw- 

Commod^ment, ad. convenient- 
ly; comfortably 

Commodiie, sf convenieney 

Comniodites, pi. the necessary 

, d*une maison, accommodo' 


Commotion, sf. commotion 

Conunuer, va. to commute; vU- 

Commun, e. a. common; usual; 

■ mean; public 

Communaute, sf. eommumtp; 

Commune, ef. corportmen 


f inJkabitanU of vil- 
lage*; eomnum pasture; the 
kausa of commons 
Oominunemeiit, ad. eommonly 

- paj-Iant, generally speaking 
Commuiiiantf e. a. communicant 
Commanlcable, 2. a. —ble; easy 

Cobmonicatif, ve. a. —tive 
CommuniGatioD, of. —tion; in- 

tereovTse; ooeitiy 
Commiinier, v. to receive^ or ad- 
minister the sacrament 
Commuiuon, of. — nion; feUow- 

skip; the Liorffs supper 
CoBUDumqaer, va. to 'communi- 
eate; to * have correspondence; 
to produce ^^^ 

6e — , w. a. to • he soeiaStt^ 
Commatatlf, ve. a. —tive 
^'OmmutatioD, sf. —tion 
Oompacjt^, closeness 
Cooipacte, 3. a. compact., close 
Oompogite, sf. a female compan- 
ion; consort 
Com peg nie, company 
CompagDon, sm. companion; 
jonmeyman; feilow; partner 
Comparable, 2. a. — ble; tike 
ComparaiBon, sf. comparison 
Comparant, e. a. s. appearing 
Comparatif, ve. a. —live 
Cknnparativeinent, ad. — tively 
CoiDparsr,«a. to compare; confer 
Sc — a, to vie with 
Cknoparoir, vn, to* make one^s 

Comparoitre, to* make one* a ap- 
Compartiment, em. compart- 
ment; plot in a garden 
Compartir, va. to compart 
Companitear, am. —titer 
Conoparatioii, sf. appearance 
Compas, sm. compasses 
— » de cordonnier, aiu 
— — de mer, compass 

— de proportion, eeetor 
CompafBement, the ^meaauring 

Kith compasses 
Compasser, va. to measure; to 

proportion; order veil 
CompanA, e. a. starched; for- 

mel; affuted 


Compaasbn, tf. compaaaien; 

Compatibility, —Uty 
Compatible, 2. a. —^h 
Compatir, vn. to commiserate, 
suit; * bear vith [ate 

Compatiaeant, e. a. compaaaion- 
Coffipatriote,2. a. oius'a country 

maji, or conntry-moman 
Compendium, am. — dium 
Compensation, */. —tion 
Compenser, va. to eompenaate 
Conip6rage, am. the being god- 
father or god-mother 
Compare, a goasipf jovial fel- 

low; areh-blade 
Comp^temmcnt, ad. competent- 
ly; enough 
Competence, af. competence; 

competition; juriadiction 
Competent, e. a. competent; Jit 
Computer, vn. to belong 
Comp^titeur, am. competitor; 

Competitrice, af. —titrix: rival 
Compilateur, am. compiler 
Compilation, sf. —tion 
Compiler, va. to compile; collect 
Compitales, Rov^n feasts 
in honour of the domestic gods 
Complaignant, e. s. plaintiff 
Complainte, sf. complaint 
Complaire, vn. to please; to hu- 
Se — , vr. to delight in; solace 

one's self 
Complaisance, sf. —sanu; com- 
Complaisant, e. a. a. — aant; ei- 
vii; un complaisant, afiatterer 
Complant, am. vineyard [ice. 
Complanter, va. to plant vinea^ 
Complement, sm. —ment 
Compiet, e. a. complete^ perfect 

, sm. completeness 

Compietement, ad. —tely 
Completer, va. to complete 
Compiexe, 2. a. comjtlex 
Complexion, sf. —%ion; consti- 
tution; temper; humour 
Compiexionne, e. a. tempered 

(ill or well) 
Complication, */. —tion 
Complice, 3. a. a. complUe; oc- 



Complicity, af. the being m m> 

Complies, sf.pL eveningprayere 
Compliment, am. —mai^ cere- 
Complunentaire, firat paarintr 

in a trading aociety 
Complimenter, va. to cempH- 

ment; to flatter [mentor 

Compiimentear, ^se. a. eompU^ 
Complique, e. a. complicate 
Complot, am. a plot; conepiraey 
Comploter, v. to plot; conapire 
Componction, «/. remorae 
Comportement, sm. demeanour 
Comporter, va. to allow of,* bear 
Se — , va. to behave; act 
Compose, am. acompound^ a. nn 

air compose, a sedate counte- 
Composer, va. to compose; to 

Composer des almanacs, to * he 

atar-garing [looks 

Se composer, vr. to fashion one* a' 
Composeur, sm. a paltry writer 
Composite, S. a. compoaite 
Compositeur, sm. a composer {in 

music;) a compositor 
Compo6iti(Hi, af. compoaitiont 

Composteur, am. a eompoaing or 

aetHvg stick 
Compote, sf. stewed fruit, ^c 
Comprehensible, 2. a.—ble 
Comprehension, sf. —sion 
Comprendre, va. to comprehend 
Compresse, sf. compress^ bolster 
Compressibilite, compressure 
Compressible, S. a. —ble 
Compression, sf. —sion,preaaur$ 
Comprimer, va. to compreaa 
Compromettre, v. to compromiaef 

to expoae 
Compromis, am. compromiaa 
Comptable, 2. a. a. accovntable 
Comptant, argent, comptant, 

Compte, am. account; value 
Compte boigne, odd money; 

auspicteua account 

rond, even money 

Compter, va. to eountj aetile ae^ 

counU ; charge; putpoaa; 

reckon; valfM 



Compter, vn. to depaut on 

Coinpteur, sin. accomptant 
Cutnptoir, comiter; cOarUing' 
hv use; factory; bar of a pub- 
lic house 
Compulser, va. to compel 
Couipulsoire, sm. a toarrant 
Coinput, computation of time 
Coniputisle, — list 
Comte, sm. a county an earl 
Coiiit^, county, earldom 
Comtesae, sf. a countess 
CoucaBser, va. to pound 
Concave, il. a. sm. concave 
Concavite, sf. concaoiiy 
Coiic^der, va. to grant, yield 
Concentration, sf. —tion 
Concentrer, va. to concenter 
Concentrique, 2. o. —trie 
Conception,*/, —tion; breeding; 
une concepiiou iourde, a dull 
Concern ant, pr. concerning 
Concorncr, va. to relate to; con- 
Concert, sm. concert; consent 
Conoerter, va. to concert; try 
Concert^, e. a. starched; ajfect' 

Concession, sf. a grant 
Coucessioimaire, sia. a grantee 
Concetti, sm. false wit 
Concevifble, '2. a. conceivable 
Concevoir, va. to conceive; to * 

breed; to word 
Conche, sf. ga>b; state 
Conchyliologio, */. —gy; con- 
cerning shells 
Concierge, 3. s. housekeeper of a 

palace; keeper of a prison 
Conciergerie, 'sf. a keeper^ » place 
Concile, sm. council 
Conciliabule, conventicle 
Conciliant, e. a. reconciling 
Conciliate ur, rice. s. reconciler 
Conciliation, sf. reconcilement 
Concilier, va: to reconcile; gain 
Concis, e. a. concise, short 
Concision, sf. conciseness 
Concitoyen, am. feUow-cititen; 

countryman; eomburgess 
Conclamation, sf. "tion 
Conclave, sm. conclave 
Conclavtste, attendant on a car- 
dinal during a conclave 


Co&claant, e. t 

Conclurre, va. to conclude; in- 
fer; convince 
Conclusion, sf. —sion; issue 

ad. in short; to conclude 

Conciusions, pi. .demands; opin- 
Concoction, sf. — tion 
Coucoiubre, sm. cucumber * 
Concomitance, sf. — tance 
Concomitant, e. a. —tant 
Concordance, sf.agreement; con- 
Concordant, e. a. — dant 
Concordat, sm. concordate; com- 
pact; agreement 
Concorde, sf. concord; union 
Concourir, vn. to concur; to * 

put in for 
Cohcours, am. concurrence; con^ 

Concret, e. a. concrete 
Concretion, sf. —tion 
Concubine, -kept mistress 
Concupiscence, — cence, lust 
Concupiscible, 2. a. —ble 
Concur remment, ad* in competi- 
tion; jointly 
Coi»currence, sf. -—ce; competi- 
tion [val 
Concurrent, e. s. competitor; ri- 
Concussion, sf. exaction 
Concussionnaire, sm. exactor 
Condumnabie, 2. a. condemnable 
Coudamnation, sf. condemnation 
Condaiuner, va* to condemn; to 

Condensation, sf. — tion 
Condenser, va. to condense 
Condescentiance, sf. —denee 
Condescendant, e. a. —ding 
Condescendre, vn. to condescend^ 

to * bear with 
Condisciple, sm. aehool-feUow 
Condition, */. —tion; service; 

Conditionn^, e. a. merchantable 
Conditionnel, le. conditional 
Conditionneiiement, ad. condi- 
Conditionner, va. to article; to 

* make well 
Condoi6ance, sf. condolence 
iCondouloir, on. to condole 


Cooductcur, em, oomduel&r / 

guide; tutor 
Couductrice, sf. conductress 
Conduire, va. to conduct; steer ^ 

* drive; convey 
Se conduire, vr. to behave 
Conduit, sm. a conduit-pipe 
— do la respiration, wind-pipe 
Conduite,«/. conduct; behaviour; 

Condyle, sm. a prominence of 

the articulations 
Cone, a cone 
Confabulateur, tale-teller 
Confabulation, sf, —lien 
Conlabuier, vn. to confabulate 
Confection, sf. an electuary . 
Confederation, confederacy 
Se coiif^derer, vr. to confederate 
Confederos, sm. pi. confederates^ 

Conference, sf. —rence; com- 

p orison 
Conf(&rer, v. to confer^ admit 
Confess*, sf. confession 
Confesser, va. to confess; own 

Se , vr. to confess to a priest 

Confesseur, sm. confessor 
Confession, sf. confession 
Confessional, svu confessional 
Confiance, •/. confidence; trust 
Confiant, e. a. sanguine; confi- 
Contidemment, ad. confidently 
Confidence, sif. trusting; inti* 

Confident, e. s. a confidant 
Confidentiaire, sm. who holds in 

Confier, va. to intmst 
Se — , vr. to confide m 
Configuration, sf. —Hon 
Con liner, va. to confine; border 

Confins, sm. pi. confines 
Contire, va. to preserve, pickle 

une peau, to dress a skin 

Confinnatif, ve. a. confirmatorf 
Confirmation, sf. —tion 
Confiriner,4>a. to confirm 
Se , vr. to strengthen one's 

self; to * be confirmed 
Confiscable, 6. a. —ble; forfeit 

able [tcrc 

Confiscant^e. a. liable te forfeit- 


Coofiocation, sf . -^tion, forfeit- 
Coofiseur, sm. eonfectiotier 
lOQ&squer, va. to confiscate 
Coolitures, sf. pi. confits, tweet- 

Confiiurier, sm. coi^fectioner 
Conflagration, «/. —tion 
Uiaflit, 81*. eoAtentimiy conflict 
Coafluent, confiuXj confitunce 
CoQlbadre, va. to confound 
Coafinuaiioa, sf. —rtio\ 
Cool'ormef 2. a. conformable 
CoQJorin^ineut, ad. conformabltf 
Coolbriiier, va. to conform 
Couformiste, 2. a. conformist 
Conformity, */. —mity, union^ 

Coofort, sm, comfort^ aid 
CoDfoitatif, ve. a. corroborative; 

Ccmfortatioo, sf. corroboration 
CoDforter, va. to invigorate 
Confraternity, Confrerie, sf. 

brotherhood; society 
Ck>nfr6re, sm. brother ^ fellow 
Confrontation, sf. confronting, 

Confronter, va. to confront^ to 

Confus, e. a. confused, ovt of 

Confus^raent, ad. covfasedly 
Confusion, sf. confusion; super- 
abundance; disorder; shame 
Confutation, */. —tion 
Conge, leave; discharge; warn- 
ing; play-day 
Congedier, va. tfi dismiss 
Congelation, sf. — ftojt 
Congeler, va. to congeal; * freeze 
Congefltion, ^. —tion, mass 
Conglutination, —tion 
Oonglutiner, va. to glue 
CongraOilatiott, sf. — tion 
Congratnier, va. to congratulate 
Congre, wt. a conger 
Congr^ganiste, a person belong- 
ing to a congregation 
' Congregation, sf. —tion 

des fideles, the universal 

Congres, sm. congress 
CoDgrQ, e. a. congruous; compe- 


Congruement, ad. exactly 
Congruent, e. a. congruent 
Ck)ngruitti, sf. congruity 
Conjectural, e. a. — roi 
Coigecturalement, ad. by guess 
Conjecture, sf. conjecture, guess 
ConjectUFer, va. to conjecture 
Conjectureur, sm. conjectarer 
Conifer.e, 2. a. coniferous 
Conjoindre, va. to conjoin 
Conjoints, sm. pi. husband and 

wife Un law) 
Conjointemcnt, ad. jointly 
Conjonctif, ve. a. conjunctive 
Conjonction, sf. conjunction 
Conjonctive, a conjunction 
Conjoncture, juncture 
Conjouissancc, congratulation 
Conique, 3. a. conical 
Conjugaison, sf. conjugation 
Conjugal, e. a. conjugal 
Conjugalement, ad. —gaily 
Conjuguer, va. to conjugate 
Conjurateur, sm. conspirator, 

Conjuration, sf. — tion^ conspi- 
Conjurations, pi. entreaties 
Conjures, sm. pi. conspirators 
Conjurer, va. to conspire; to 

conjure; to entreat 
Conn6iable, sm. a constable 
— *— , sf. constable's wife 
Conn6tablie, constable's juris- 
diction < 
Cqnnexe, 2. a. connected 
Connexion, sf. connexion 
Connexit.6, connexion, relation , 
Connil, sm. a coney, rabbit 
Conniller, vn. to shift; to play 

Connivence, */. connivance 
Conniver, vn. to connive at; * 

wink at 
Connoissable, 2. a. hnownhle 
Connoiaeance, sf. knowledge, 
cognizance, acquaintance; 
Connoissances, pi. learning 
Connoisscment, sm. bill of lad- 
Connoisseur, se. s. connoisseur 
Connoitre, va. to^know, account; 

* take cognizance of 
Conque sf. a conch, shell 



Conque marine, trumpet 
Couqu6rant, sm. a conqusror 
Conqucrir, va. to conquer; sui 

Conciuele, sf. conquest 
Contiacraiit, a. sm. a bishop who 

ordains a person named to a 

bishoprick; a priest who says 

Cousacrer, va. to consecrate; to 

devote; adopt; ordain 
Se consacier, vr. to devote one's 

Consanguiu, sm. brother on the 

father's side 
Consaiigiilnite, sf. — nity 
Couscitjnce, conscience 
Consciouciuuscment, conscienti' 

Coiiiiciuncieux, se. a. consciejt- 

Consccrateur, sm. — orator 
Coiisecratioii, sf. —tion 
Conseculir, ve. a. — tiv 
Coiis*iculiveuieut, ad. —tively 
Coudt'il, sm. counsel; council; 

resolution; advice 
Conscillur, e. s. counsellor; a^ 

Conseiiler, va to counsel, advise 
(^oiifientairt, e. a. consenting 
Consentcnicnt, .•nn. consent 
('onsentir, vn. to consent 
jConsequeinmenL,a<i. consequent 

ly; accordingly 
Consequence, sf. consequence, 

Consequent, sm. consequent 
Conservateur, preserver 
Conaervatiou, sf. —tion; pre- 
Conservatrice, sf. —trix 
Conserve, conserve, comfits 
Conserves, sf. pi. presegnoers, 

Conserver,tJo. to conserve; serve, 

to * keep in pay 
Se — , vr. to * keep; mind one's 

sdf , 
Considerable, 2. a. —ble 
Considerfibleinent, ad. —ably 
Consid^rant, e. a. considerate 
Con8id6raJion, sf. —tion, note 
Consid6r6ment, ad. considerate- 



Cknudd^rer, va. to ewsider; * 

have avtUuefor 
Gonsignataife, sm. a trustee 
Consignation, sf. deposiU; ear- 

Coofligne, a trust; teatehtpord 
Consigner, va, to deposit 
Consistance, sf. consistence ; 

Consistant, e. a. consisting cf 
CoDsister, va. to consist; * lie 
CoDSistoire, «jii. consistory; ves- 
Consistorial, e. a. —-rial 
Consistorialement, ad. in a con- 
Consolable, 2. a. eonsolable 
Consolant, e. a. comfortable 
Consolateur, em. comforter 
Consolation, sf. — twn, comfort 
Consolatolre, 2. a. —tory 
C(Ml80latrice, sf. comforter 
Console, a bracket; prop 
Consoler, va. to comfort 
ConsolicUition, */. —tion 
Consolider, va. to consolidate; 

to heal up 
Consommateur, sm. finisher 
Conaommation, sf. consumma-, 

tion; consumption 
Consomme, sm. jelly-broth 
Consonuner, va. to consummate; 

consume; boil to rags 
Con8omptif,ve. a. s. consumptive 
Consomption, sf. consumption 
Consonnance, harmony; rhyme 
Consonne, a consonant 
Consort, e. s. associate 
' Consoude, sf. comfrey 
Conspirateur, sm. —rotor 
Conspiration, sf. —racy 
— des poudres, gunpowder plot 
Conspirer, va. to conspire^ plot 
Conspuer, to * spit upon 
Constamment, ad. constantly^ 

Constance, sf. constancy; firm- 
Constant, e. a. constant; certain 
Constater, va. to verify; prove 
Constellation, sf. —tion 
Constell^, e. a. made under a 

certain constellation 
Consternation, •/. —tion 
Canstemer, va, dispirit^ dismay 


Constipation, sf. —turn; ces- 

Constiper, eonstipatet*bind 
Constituant, e. a. s. constituent 
Constituer, va. constitute; place; 

raise; * put 
une pension, tc settle a pen- 
sion « 
Constitution, —tiony annuity^ 

composition; order; decree 
CoQstitutionnaire, 2. s. annui- 
Constricteur, ««•. —tor 
Constriction, sf. —tion^ compres- 

Constringent, e. a. —gent, bind- 
Construction, */. —tion 
Constmire, va. to construct^ * 

build; construe; fraine 
Consul»tantialit6, sf. —lity 
Consubslantiel, le. a. —tial 
Consubetantiellement, ad. con- 
Consul, sm. consul 
Consuiaire, 3. a. consular 
Consulairement, ad. — larly 
Consulaires, sm. pi. form^ con- 
Consulat, sm. consulship 
Consultant, a. sm^ one who is 
• consulted; counsellor 
Consultation, sf. —tion 
Consulter, «a. to consult 

son chevet, to deliberate 

Consumant, e. a. consuming, de- 
Consumer, va. to consume; waste 
Se — , vr. to waste away 
Contact, sm. contact, touch 
Contagieux, se. a. contagious 
Contagion, sf. —gion, plague • 
Contamination, defiling, pollu- 
Contaminer, va. to defile 
Conte, sm. story, tale 
Contemplateur, rice. s. —tor 
Conteniplatif, ve. a. —tive 
Contemplation, sf. — tion 
Contempier, va. contemplate; 

* behold 
Contemporain, e. a. s. eotempo- 

rary, coetaneous 
Contempteur, sm. despiser 
Contemptible, 2. a. —ble 


Contenanee, sf. eapaetamsneatf 

appearance; posture; order 
Contenant, sm. container 
Contendant, ante. a. rival; con 

Conlenir, va. to contain; ** hold 
Se contenir, vr. to refrain 
Content, e. a. contented; pleased 
Contentement, em. content; sa" 

tisf action; pleasure 
Contenter, va. to eontentf salia^ 

Se —, vr. to * be weU pleased 
Contentieux, se. a. eontentioua 
Contentieusement, ad. eonten 

Contention, sf. —tion; strifef 

application * 

Contenu, sm. contents 
Corner, va. to relate, * teU 
Contestable, 2. a. disputable 
Contestant, e. a. contending 
Contestation, sf. —tion, contest 
Conteste, dispute, odds 
Contester, va. to eentesticoutendf 

Conteur, se. s. a teller 
Conteurde somettes, 9m. a tellef 

of idle stories 
Contexture, sf. contexture 
Contigu, e. a. contiguous; next 
Contiguild, sf. contiguity 
Continence, -^nency, chastity 
Continent, e. a. continent 
Continent, sm. main land 
Contingence, sf. —geney 
Contingent, sm. ^ota 

e. o. casual 

Continu, sm. dose by 

e. a. continual 

Continuateur, sm. —tor 
Continue, sf. continuastee 
Continuation, —tion 
Continuel, le. a. continual 
Continueliement, ad. —nually 
Continuement, incessantly 
Continuer, va. to continue^ * gm 

Contlnult6,5/. continaance; cold- 
ness; cohesion 
Contortion, contortion 
Contour, sm. contour; outline; 

circumference; winding 
Contoumer, va. to * draw tig 

eontoura of a picture 


Caatraetant, e. a. 9. eontraetor 
Contncterf va. to contract 

— des dettes, to * run into debt 
fecontracter, vr. to * shrink vj> 
OootracUon,«/. —tion; shrinking 
Coatractael, le. stipulated 
CoQtradicteur, om. opposer 
Cootnidiction, sf. —Uon 
OoBtradictoire, 3. a. contradieto- 

ry; peremptory 
Contradictoiremeiit, ad. eoiOra- 

Hetoriiy; peremptorily 
OoHtrainare, va. to eonstraiu, to 

Contraiate, «/. constraint; force 

— par corps, a writ' to arrest a 
person [ful 

Contraire, S. a. contrary; hurt- 

, sm, contrary 

Conlrariant, e. a. contradictory 
Cootrarier, va, to contradict, 

Coairari^t^, sf. contrariety 
ContraiMi^s, pi. difficulties; 

CoDtraste, sm. , contrast; obsta- 

Contraster, va. to contrast 
Contrat, sm. contract; covenant 

— de donation, deed of gift 
-de mariage, articles of set- 

Contravention, sf. —tion 
Contre, pr. against, near 
Contre-altee^ sf. a small walk 

alongside of a great onfi 
Cantre-amiral, sm. rear-admiral 
C(H&re-approchea, sf. pi. coun- 
ter- approaches 
^baJancer, va. to eownter-bor 

— bande, sf. prohibited or sm%r- 

Gontre-bandier, e. s. smuggler 

— baase, sf. counter-bass 

— batteric, eounter-battery 

— carrer, va. to thwart 

— coap, sm. rebound 

— danae, sf. country-dance 
Contredire, vn. to -contradict 
Contredit, Ml. aiuiotfr; contro- 

C!ontredit8, «m. pi. objections 
OoDtrie, «/. country, region 
Comre£B^Oi eounUrf siting 


Contrefaire, va. to cavnterfeUi 

to ape, disguise, feign 
Gontre-latte, */. strong lath 
Contre-latter, va. to counUr- 

— maitre, sm. a mate 

— mandement, sm. countermand 

— mander, va. to countermand 

— marque, sf. eounterwurk , 

Centre-mine, sf. eoumermine 

— miner, va. to countermine 

— mineur, sm. counterminer 

— mur, countermure 

— murer, va. to countermure 

— ordre, sm. counter-order- 

— partie, sf. first and seeondpart 
la music 

— peser, va. to- counterpoise 

— pi6, sm. wrong sense, reverse 

— poids, counterpoise; rope- 
dancer's pole, balance 

— poil, sm. wrong course— A cen- 
tre poi), against the grain 

Ck)ntre-point, sm. counterpoint 

— pointer, va. to quilt on both 
sides; to thwart 

— poison, sm. eounterpoison, an- 
tidote / 
preuve, sf. counterproof 

— promesse, eounterbond 
Contrescarpe, sf. counter scterp, 

slope ( 

Oontreacarper, va. to counter- 
Oontrescel, sm. counter-seal 

— scelier, va. to counter-seal 
Contresigne, sm. countersign 

— sens, wrong sense, wrong side 
Contre-signer, va. to counter- 
sign; to frank 

Ck>ntre8palier, sm. hedge-rdw of 

Contretems, mischance; disap- 
Contretirer, va. to* counterdraw 
Contrevallation, sf. —tion 
Contrevenant, e. s. offender 
Contrevenir, vo. to contravene, 

to infringe 
Contrevcnt,«iii. an outside shut-. 

Contrev^ritd, sf. irony 
Contrevisite, second search 
Contribaable, 3. a. taxable 


Coatribuant, ra. - 
Contribuer, va. to centribnl$ 
Contribution, sf. —tion 
Contrister, va. to grieve 
Contrit. e. a. contrite* 
CoDtrition, sf. —tion 
ConlrAle, «m. control; wuwk §u 

plate; command 
Contrdler, vo. to control; «fr»- 

/y,' mark plate; carp at 

seer; a critic 
ControTerse, sf. dnUroversy 
Cootrovera6, e. a. controveriedj 

CoDtroversiste, sm. — v«rfi*C 
Controuver, va. to forge; invent 
Contumace, sf. eontumaey 
Contumacer, vo. to * cast for 

non-appearance; to oiMaw 
Contumaz, a. a criminal that 

does not appear b^ora ike 

Cootum^Iie, sf. —mely; abuse 
Conturodlieiuement, ad. outror 

Contum^lieux, se. a. abusive 
Contus. e. a. bruised 
CoDtusion, sf. a bruise 
Convaiacant, e. a. convictive, 

Convaincre, va. to convineOi to 

Convalescence, sf. —eenee; re- 
Convalescent, e. o.—cmU, 011 the 


Img he 

2. a. Jit; proper; 

becoming; befitting; condign 
Convenablement, a3. suitably 
Convenance, sf. suitabUnesSf 

Convenant^ e. a. suitable, meet 
Convenir, va. to agree, suit, * be 

proper; * become 
Conventicule, sm. conventicle 
Convention, sf. — tion,'eontraett 

Gonventionnel, le. a. eonven- 

Conventionnellement, ad. con- 

Conventuel, le. a. conventual 
Convcntuellement, ad. —tually 
Coavenu, e. a. agreed on 



Convergent, e. a, '-gent 
CobTers, e. a. ». lay brother^ or 

Conversation, »f. —tion 
Converser, vn. to converse 
Conversion, »/. —sion^ change 
Converti, e, s. a convert 
Convertible, 2. a, — ble 
Convertir, va. to convert 
Se — , vr. to * be converted ; 

change; turn 
Convertissement, ant. change 
Convertisseur, a converter 
Conveze, 9. a. convex 
Convexit6, «/. conveziiy 
Conviction, —tion 
Gonvi^r em. a guest 
Convier, va. to invite; incitB 
Convive, 3. a. a guest 
Convocation, sf. — rtwi, conven- 
Convoi, sm, eonvop, funeral 
Convoitable, 2. a. covetable 
Convoiter, va. to covet 
Convolteux, ee. a. covetous 
Convoi Use, sf. covetousness 
Convoler, vn. to marry again 
Convoquer, va. to convolie; as- 
Convoyer, va. to convoy 
Convulse, 6. a. convulsed; agi- 
Convulsif, ve. a. convulsive 
Convulsion, sf. — sion 
Convulsionnaire, sm. one vho 

has convulsive Jits 
Coop6rateur, sm. — rator 
Coop^ratrice, sf. —ratrix 
Cooperation, -^iion 
Conp6rer, va. to co-operate 
Copeau, sm. chip^ shaving 
Copie, */. a copy, picture 
Copier, va. to copy., miviie 
Copieusement, ad. copiously 
Copieux, se. a. copious 
Copiste, sm. copier; prompter 
Copropri6taire, 2. *. joint-pro- 
prietor, or owner 
Copter une cloctie, to tint a bell 
Copulatif, ve. a. copulativejoin- 

Copulation, */. —tion 
Copulative, conjunction 
Copule, copulation [cock 

'^^j sm. a eock^ chmreh weather- 


Coq de bruyere, a heathrcock 

— dcTmarals, a moor-cock 

— 4 l*Anc, nonsense 

— d'Inde, turkey-cock 

— de bois, a pheasant 
Coquiktre, a young cock 
Coque, sf. egg-shell,, cod 
Coquelicot, sm. wild poppy cock- 

Coqueliner, vn. to crow 
Coqueluche, sf. capuchin; fa- 
vourite; hooping-cough 
Coqueluchon, sm. hood; cowl 
Coquemar, a boiler 
Coqueret, winter cherry 
Cogueaigrue, sf. idle talk; stuff 
Coquet, te. a. s. a coquet, beau 
Coqueter, vn. to coquet 
Coquetier, sm, a higgler 
Coquetterie, sf. coquetry 
CoquHlage, am. shells, shell- 
work, shdlrfish 
Coquille, sf. a shell 
Coquillier,9m. collection of shells 
Coquillidre, (pierre,) sf. stone in 

which shells are found 
Coquii^ e. s. a rogue, jade 

, e. a. idle 

Coquinaille, sf. pack of ropues 
Coquiner, vn. to loiter, idle 
Coquinerie, sf. knavery 
Cor, sm. French horn, a com 
Corail, Coral, sm. coral 
Corallin, e. a. coraline, red as 

Corailoides, sf. pi. seed of white 

Coraux, sm. pi. corals 

Corbeille, sf. bread oxfrvit bas- 
Corbeill^e, basket-fuU 
Corbitlard, sm. a large travelling 

coach, hamper 
Corbillon, small, flat basket; 

Cordager, va. to * "make ropes 
Corde, sf. cord, rope, string 
'-> de drap, thread of cloth 

— d boyau, cat-gut 

— de bois, cord of wood 
Cord6, e. a. twisted, stringy 
Cordeaa, ^m. a 2tii«, a cord 


Cprdeler, va. to twist 
CordeJIetle, sf. small cord or Una 
Cordeliere, liYa7iciscan nun 
— , cordelier's girdle 
Cordeliers, sm. pi. grayfriart 
Cordelle, */. party, gang 
Corder, va. to twist, to cord 
Se — , vr. to * grow stringy 
Corderie,«/. arope-walk or houso 
Cordial, e. a. cordial 
Un cordial, sm. a cordial 
Cordiaiement, ad. cordially 
Cordiality, sf. cordialntss ^ 
Corflier, sm. a rope-maker 
Cordon, twist, stringr^ band, gir' 
die, lace, stone-plint, edge of 
coin, milling 
Cordonner^ va. to twist, mill 
Cordonnerie, sf. shoe-making 
Cordonnet, sm. edging 
Cordonnier, a shoe-maJier^ hat- 
Coriace, 2. a. tough 
Corinthien (in arcliitecture,) sm. 

the Corinthian order 
Corlieu, sm. curlew 
Corme, sf. a service, sorb-apple 
Cormier, sm. the service-tree 
Cormoran, cormorant 
Cornac, a groom for elephants 
Comalinc, sf. cornelian 
Come, horn, hoof, cornet 
— d'abondance, cornucopia 
Com6e, eomea of the eye 
Comeilie, a rook; a crow 
Cornement, sm. tingle 
Comemuse, sf. a bag-pipe 
Comer, vn. to * blow a hom^ to 

trumpet about, tingling 
Comet, sm. horn, ink-horn., dice- 
box, rolled wafer 
C^etier, a hom-dresser 
Coraette, */. a. comet, mob 
— , »m. cornet of a troop ofhorse^ 
a commodore's broad pennant 
Comiche, sf. a cornice, gig 
Comichon,«m. a little horn, gir- 

Coraiere, sf. a sloping drain on 

the top of houses 
Comillas, sm. young rook, 
Comouille, sf. cornel-berry 
ComouiU«r, sm, cornel-tree 
Coma, e. a. honud, eomute 
Comue, sf. cucurbits 


CoroDaire, snu cotvUotf 
Conmaire, S. a. eorcmary 
Coronal, e. a. coronal 
Ck)rporal, 9vu a corporal 
Corporation, «/. — tton 
Corporel, le. a. corporeal 
CoipOTellement, ad. — reallf 
Corporifier, va. to corporify^ 

suppose a hodff^ assemble « 
Corps, MB. a body., shape 

— de jupe, pair of stays 

— de k^, side of d'greU house 

— de fer, steel backboard 

— mort, a corpse^ carcasi 

— k corps perda, adv. headlong 
Corpulence, sf. corpulency 
Corpusculaire, 2. a. —lar 
Corpuscule, sm. a corpuseuU 
Correct, e. a. correct^ exact 
CfXTectement, ad. correctly 
Correcteur, sm. a corrector 
Correctif, eorrective^ ealvo 
Correction, */. —tio% 
Correctrice, she who corrects 
Corr^gidor, sm. —dor 
Corr^la^f, ve. a. e. correlative 
Correlation, sf. eorrelativeness 
Correspondance, sf. —dence 
CorrespondaAt, e. a. suitable 
Correspondant, sm. —dent 
Correspondre, vn. to correspond 
Corridor, sm. gallery ^ corridor 
C(HTiger, va. to correety temper 
6« — , vr. to mendt * forsake 
Corrigible, 3. a. corrigible 
Conoboratif, ve. o. —tive 
Corroborer, va. to corroborate 
Corroder, to corrode^gnate 
Corrompre, to corrupt^ taint, 

mar^ bribe^ alter^ temper 
Corriunpa, sm. a debauchee 
Corroeif, vc. a. corrosive 

, sm. a corrosive 

Corrosion, sf-corresionjpiavnng 
Corroi, sm. dressings of leather 
Conoyer, va. to curry ^ plane^ to 

Corroyenr, sm. a eurrier 
Comipteur, debaucker 
Cotniptibilitd, sf. -^ity 
Corruptible, 2. a. —ble 
Corruption, sf. —tion^ bribery 
Corraptrice, corruptrix 
Con^sm. horns 

Corsage, shape^form 



Conndre, corsair^ prvoatesrtpi- 
Corselet, corslet {rate 

Corset, staiysy bodice 
Cortege, a retinue., train 
Cortical, e. a. cortical 
Corv^able, 2. a. averrable 
Corvee, sf. a job^ average^ sta- 

tute-worky or labour 
CorveAe, a cutter, sloop, scout 
Coryo}ceur, sm. statute-labourer 
Coruscation, sf. —tion, flashing 
Coiybante, sm. Cybele' spriest 
Uorymbe, corymbus, tuft 
Corymbirere, 2. a. —ferous 
Coryp&6e, sm. chief, leader, toor- 

Coseigneur, joint lord of a ma- 
Cosm6tique,2. a. cosmetic, beau- 

Cosmogonle, ^f. —gony 
Cosmographe, sm. -~pher 
Cosmograpbie, sf. —phy 
Cosmographique, 2. a. —phical 
Cosmologie, */. —gy 
Coemopolitaiu, e. s. —Mtan 
Cosmopolite, 2. s. —lite 
Cosse, sf. shell ofpeas^^ ^c. 
Coflser, va. to buU like a ram 
Cosson, em. corn-mite 
Cossu, e. a, shelly, rich 
Costume, sm. the costume 
Cote, cotte, sf. a petticoat; num- 
ber, quota 
Cdte, a ribf coast, declivity, hil- 
Cdte h c6te, ad. a-breast 
Cdt6, sm. side, sideway, party 
Cdteau, sm. hillock 
Cdteleite,*/. chop, eutlet.little rib 
Coter, va. to quote, endorse, cite 
Coterie, */. a club, society 
Cothume, «m. a buskin 
Cdtter, a. sm. a coaster 
CdtHre, sf. a range of coast, 

Cotignac, sm. quinee^ marmalade 
Cotillon, under-petticoat 
CoUsation, sf. assessment, club- 
Codser, va. to assess^ to club 
Cotissure, sf. bruising of fruits 
Goton, sm. cotton, down 
Cetonner, va. to * stuff with 
cotton D >' 



Se cotooner, to* bo covered with 

Cotonneux, se. a. spm^, soft 
Cotonnier, sm. a cotton-tree 
Cdtoyer, va. to coast along; to 

walk by the sidf 
Cotret, sm. a little fagot^ cotret 

—- huile de cotret, a souni 

drubbing, oakum towel 
Cotte d^armes, sf. coat of arms 

— de mailles, coat o/maii 
Cotteron, sm. short petticoat 
Cotuteur, a co-guardian 
Cou, the neck, narrow pass 

— du pied, the instep 
Couard, e. a. s. coward 
Couardke, sf. cowardice 
Couchant, a. m. setting 
— , *i». the west 

Couche, sf. a bed, bedstead, deU- 
very, laying in; stake at play, 
hot-bed in a garden, but-end^ 
stratum, a lay 

Couch^e, an inn where one lieo 
on a journey, night* s lodging 

Coucher, va. to * put to bed, to 

* lay, or stake, * lie down 
Coucher en Jouc, to aim at 

— par 6crit, to * write down 

Se coucher, vr. to * lie down, to 

* go to bedy to * set 
Coucher, sm. bed-time, bedding; 

nighCs lodging, couchee 

— du soleil, sunstt 
Couchette, sf. a couch 
Coucheur, se. s. bed-fellow 
Couci, couci, ad. so so 
Coucou, sm. a cuckoo 
Coude, the elbow, any angle 
Coud^e, sf. elbow-room, cuiit 
Coude-pi6, «m. an instep 
Couder, va. to * bend 
Coudoyer, to elbow, hunch 
Coudraie, sf. hazel wood 
Coudre, sm. a hatel-tree 

, va. to sew, stitch 

Coudrier, sm. hazel-nut tree 
Couiinne, sf. hog's skin 
Couette, feather-bed 
Coulage, sm. leakage 
Coulamment, ad. fluently, freely 
Coulant, e. a. fluent, flowing 
Coularit,*iii.««eA/ac« of diamonds 
Could, sm. a quick sinking step 

in dancing 



Coolie, sf. running hand in 

Coulement, am, running of a li- 

Couler, vn. tofiow-, melt^ strain^ 

* rtttt 
— ^ a fond, va. to* sink 
Se coaler, vr. to * slip along 
Couleur, sf. colour^ suit at play 
Couleurs, sf. pi. livery 
Coulevrine, sf. culverin 
Coulevrde, snake-iceed 
Couleuvre, an adder 
Coulis, sm. jelly y gravy 
Vent coulte, wind that comes 

through a chink 
Coulisse, sf. groove^ scene of a 

play-house^ gutter 
Couloir, sm. a strainer^ colander 
Couipe, sf. trespass^ sin 
Coulure, running 
Coup, sm.bloWi throw^ aet^ time, 

boulf, a move, aim, a 6t£, a 
§ stroke, a draught 

— de pied, a kick 
Contre-coup, counter-blow 
Coupable, 2. a. culpable, guilty 

' Coupe, sf. cuttings cut, cup, cu- 
Coupd, sm. a coupes, step 
Coupeau, sm. top of a hill 
Coupe-gon^e, cut-throat place 
— Jarret, a ruffian, assassin 
Coupelle, sf. coppel, test 
Coupeller, va. to assay gold 
Couper,* cut, * cut cff, * 

Be — , vr. to fret^ (of stuffs,) to 

contradict one*s self 
Couper cbemin, to * stop the way 

— la parole, to interrupt 

— court, tobs* short, in short 

— du vin, to brew wine 

— la raciiie, ou —pied A, to root 
out • 

— la tdte, to behead 

— la bourse, to rob 
Couperet, sm. a cleaver 
Couperoee, sf. copperas 
Couperos6, e. a. full of red pim- 
ples, bloated 

Coup-t^te, sm. leap-frog 
Coupeur, se. s. a eutt^ 

de boune, cut-purse 

Coapte, sf. taupUt brau^ yoke 


Couple, Ml. couple (of persons) 
Coupler, va. to couple 
Couplet, sm. a staff, couplet 

satirique, lampoon 

Coupleter, vo. to lampoon 
Coupoir, sm. cutter 
Coupole, sf. a cupola 
Coupon, sm, remnant^ dividend, 

Coupure, sf. a cut 
Cour, courti court-yard 
Courage, sm, courage^ heart, 

— , cheer up! , 
Courageugement, ad. courage- 
Courageux, se. a, courageous 
Cour&ra^ent, ad. currtmtly 
Courant, e. a. current, running 
Courant, sm. current, course 
Courante, sf. courant, looseness 
Courbatu, e. a. foundered 
CourbaluVe, sf. foundering 
Courbe, 2. a.^crookcd, 
, sf. a crooked piece of tim- 
ber, rib of a ship, curbs 
Gourbement, sm. bending 
Courber, va. to * bend, to bow 
Courbette, sf. curvet, mean com- 
plaisance ^ 
Courbetter, vn. to curvet 
Courbettea (.faire des,) to cringe, 

to fawn 
Courbure, sf. eurvity, bent 
Coureaillet, sm. quails-caU 
Coureur, sn. a running footman, 

rambler, racer 
Coureur, scouts 
Coureuse, sf. 

Courge, a gourd, a yoke 
Courier, sm. courier 

— de cabinet, state-messenger 
Courir, vn. to * run, ramb^ 

— k toutes jambes, to * rwjff^rith 
full speed 

— la poste, to * ride post 

— le cerf, to hunt a stag 

— la pretantaine, to gad up and 

— les meiB, to infest the seda 
Courlis, sm. a curlew 
Couronne, •/. a crown, coronet 
Couronnenient, sm. coronation, 

finishing, crown-work 

gadder, streetr 


Couronner, va. to crown 
Couronnure, sf, summit of a 

stages horns 
Courroie, sf. leather string 
Counoucer, va. to irritate 
8e courroucer, vr. to * begreatlp 

incensed, to rage 
Courroux, sm. wrath, raging 
Cours, course, run, airing-placB 
Cours de ventre, looseness 
Course, sf. running, race, eruisOf 

Coursier, sm. courser, charger, 

Court, e. a. short, brief 
Court, ad. short, quick 
Courtage, sm. brokerage 
Courtaud, a thick-set mow, crop' 

ped horse 

— de boutique, shopman 
Courtauder, va, to * crop (a 

horse's tail) 
Court bouillon, sm, a particular 

way of dressing fish 
Courte-naleine, sf. short breath 
Courtement, ad. briefly, short 
Courtepointe, */. counterpane 
Courtibaut, sm. thick and short 

Courtier, a broker 

— de chevaux, a jockey 
Courtine, sf. a curtain (in for* 

Courtisan, sm. a courtier 
Courtisane, sf. a courtesan 
Courtiser, va. to court 
Courtois, e. a. courteous, dvU 
Courtoisement, ad. courteously 
Courtoisie, sf. courteousness 
CousiDf e.s. cousin, gnat [dred 
Cousinage, sm. cousinship, kin- 
Cousiner, va. to call cousin, to 

CouBinf6re, sf. fence of gantM 

against gnats 
CouBoir, sm. a sewing^press 
Coussin, a cushion, pillow 
Cousslnet, bag, pad, quiUed stO' 

Cousu, e. a. sewed 
CoAt, sm.^cost, price 
Couteau, a knife 

— de chaase, a hsneer 

— i pied, ekoemeier's 


Couldas, sm. a cutlass 
CouteM, e. a, slaughtered 
Coutellerie, sf. cutlery 
routelli^re, a ease of knives 
O&ter, vn. to eost^ * stand in 
Coateline, */. coarse calico 
Couteuz, se. a. expensive 
Coutier, sm. ticking-maker 
Coatil, Coutis, ticking 
Coatre, cotUter, ploughshare 
Coutume, sf. custom^ toll 
ODatumier, e. a. customary^ com- 

Coutiimier,«tR. common-law book 
Coatiire, seam^ sewing^ scar 
Couturiere, sf. a mantuamakerj 

a seamstress 
Coav^e, a covey, nest of eggs 
Coav6, e. a. fusty 
Ckmvent, sm. ti convent 

— d'liomines, friary 

— de fill«9, nunjiery 

Couver, va. to broody sit on, * 

breeds incubate, lurk 
Couvercie, sm. a cover, lid 
Convert, the cloth, cover, lodg- 
ing, shady place 
Couveit, e. a. covered, clad, hid, 

elosc,0bscurejull, loaded,dark 
Ck>uverte, sf. a dfick, enanul of 

China ware 
CouTertement, ad. secretly 
Couverture, sf. cover, blanket, 

rug, roof, doth 
Couvcrtures, pi. bed-clothes 
Couverturier, sm. bedding-sMer 
Couvet, a sort of stove 
Couvease, sf. that broods 
Couvi, a. m. addle, rotten 
Couvre-chef, sm. kerchief 

— feu, curfew, fre-strcci^ 

— pifd,.eorer-/ect, quilt 

— plat, dish-cover 
Couvreur, sm. a tiler 

— en ardoise, a slater 
" en chaume, thatcher 

— de chaises, chair-maker 
Couvrir, va. to cover, * hide, 

conceal, defend^ load 
Be — , vr. * be overcast, • put 

one^s hat on, * put on a suit 
Crabe, sm. a crab • 
Crabier, sm. er alt-eater, (a West 

India bird) 
Crac, tm. craeki eraekUng ^«Uc 


Crae, ad, thaVs a fib 
Crachat, sm. spittle 
Cracbement, spitting 
Cracher, va. to * sptt 
Cracbeur, se. ». a spitter 
Cracholr, sm. a spitting-pot 
Crachptement, spitting often 
Cracboter, vn. to * spit often 
Craie, sf. chalk 
Craindre, va. to fear, dread 
Crainte, */. fear, awe 
Crainte de, for fear of lest 
Craintif, ve. a. fearful, timorous 
Craintivement, ad. fearfully 
Cramoisi, sm. crimson 
Cramoisi, e. a. crimson, dyed in 

Crampe, */. cramp 
Crampon, sm. cramp-iron 
Cramponner, vn. fasten with a 

Se cramponner, to * ding at any 

Cramponnet, sm. little cramp or 

Cran, notch 
Crftne, iHe skull, a kot-brained 

Crapaud, a toad 
Crapaudaille, sf. thin crape 
Crapaudi^re, swampy place 
Crapaudine, toad-stone, iron- 
wort, malt-worm, sort of pear 
— & la crapaadine; pigeons k 
la crapaadine, broiled pigeons 
Crapou8sin,«m. a little ill- shap- 
ed man 
Cra|K>ussine, sf. a little ill-shap- 
ed woman 
Crapule, gross intemperance 
Crapuler, vn. to*eat and * drink 

to excess 
Crapuleux, se. a. intemperate 
Craquelin, sm. cracknd 
Cra^uement, crack 
Craqucr, va. to crack,boast,snap 
Craquetement, sm. cracking 
Craqueter, vn. to crackle 
Craqueur, se. s. a boaster 
Craase, sf. dirt, nastiness, rust, 

Crasse, a. gross, thick 
Crasseux, se. a. filthy, sordid 
CratSre, sm. crater, round cup 
Cravate, sf, cravat 



Cravate, mi. a Croat 

Ctayon, pencil; deserrption ; 

rough draught 
Crayonner, va. * draw, sketch 
Crayonneur, sm. a drawer with 

Cr^ance, sf. trust, bdi^, debt 
Cr^ancier, e. s. creditor 
Cr^at,, sm. an usher in a riding- 
Cr6ateur, Creator, Maker 
Creation, sf. creation 
Creature, creature 
Cr6ceIJe, a raUle 
Cr6cerelle, a hawk 
Creche, a manger, crib 
Credence, cupboard where the 

church plate is kqtt 
Credibility, —lity 
Credit, sm. credit, interest 
Cr^diter, va. to credit oneisithe 

Cr6do, sm. creed 
Cr6duie,3.a. credulous, eangwine 
Crdduiite, sf. credulity 
Cr^er, va. to create 
Cr^mailii^re, sf. a pot-hanger 
Cr^maillon, sm. a hook 
Cr6me, sf. cream 
fouett^e, empty, frothy die- 

Cramer, vn. to cream 
Cr^neau, battlement, pinnacle 
Cr6n6l6, e. a. embattled 
Cr^neler, va. to indent, notch 
Cr^nelure, sf. indenting 
Creole, 3. .9. Creole, Oreolian 
Cr6page, sm. the glossing of 

Crfepe, sm. crape 
Cr6pe, sf. pancake 
Cr6pir, va. tofritzle, ♦ eriap 
Cr^pi, sm. rough cast 
Cr6pine, sf. fringe 
Cr6pir, va. to parget 
Crdpifisure sf. rough east 
Crepitation, crackling of fire 
Cr^pon, sm. thick crape 
Cr^pii, e. a. crisped, fritzled 
Cr6puscu)e, sm. ttoUight 
Cresaony sm. cresses 
CressonniSre, sf. cresses-plot 
Cr6te, crest; cock's comb; bank 

of a ditch, tuft 
tal8s< ■ *' ' 

Baisser la cr6te, to decline 



Crftte marine, samphire 

— de bM, pyramidal piU of * 

Cr6t6, e. a. tufted 
Cretonne, sf. sort of white linen 
Crdvasses aiu mains, chaps in 

one*s hands 
Cr^vaaser,* chap; * crack 
Greve-ccBUr, sm. heart-break 
Crever, va. to* bursty cramp^ put 

Crevette, */. prawn 
Oeasement, sm, digging [into 
Greaser, va, to dig^ or ♦ drive 
GreoAet, sm. crucible 
Greux, hollow pitj mould 
Greux, se. a. hollow, deep, chime- 

Cri, sm. erf, akriek, motto 
CriaiUer, va. to bawl, scold 
Griaillerie, sf. bawling 
Griallleur, se. s. a bawler 
Griard, e. a. s. bawling; bawler 
Griant, ante, a. glaring, shame- 
Grible, sm, a sieve 
Oribler, va. to stft 
Gribleur, sm. a sifter 
Griblure, sf. siftings 
Gribratien, si/ling 
Gric, sm. engine for lifting bur- 
Gric-crac, crich^aek 
Gri^e, sf. an auctiony outeru 
Grler, vn. to cry out, proclaim, 

inveigh, clamour 
Grierie, sf. cry, clamour 
Gzieur, se. s. a bawler; crier, 

Grime, sm. crime, sin 
Grime de Ieze-maje8l6, high- 
GrimlnailBte, sm. a writer upon 

criminal matters 
Grimlnel, le. a. criminal, guilty 
Griminel, sm. malefactor 
Griminellement, ad. --naUy^ ca- 
Grin, sm. horse-hair 
Cttiii,e.a.hairy [hair 

Giinier, sm. worker or dealer in 
Grlni£re,s/. horso or Uon^o mane, 
paltry wig 


GrioIe» Creole, 2. s. a Creole, 

Crique, sf. creek "* 

Criquet, sm. a tit; bad horse 
Crise, */. crisis 

Crispation, sf. —tion, wrinkiiTig 
Crisper, va. to draw, squeeze 
Crista!, sm. crystal 
Cristallin, e. a. crystalline 
CristaUisation, sf. —tation 
Gristalliser, va. to crystallite 
Critiquable, 2. a. censurable 
Critique, critical, captious 
Critique, sm. a critic 
Critique, */. criticism; critic, 

Critiquer, va. to criticise 
Croassement, sm. croaking 
Croasser, vn. to croak [pole 
Croo^ STO. hook; fangs; sharper. 
Croc en jambe, trip 
Crocs, sm. pi. whiskers 
Croche, 2. a. crooked 

, sf. a quaver 

Crocbet, sm. hook, steel-yard, 

vickloek, crochet 
Crocbets, fangs, braces 
Crochetec^ va. to * pick a lock 
Crucheteur, sm. porter, picklock 
Crocbeteuse, sf. basket-woman 
Grochu, e. a. crooked, hooked 
Grocbuer, va. to * bend, crook 
Crocodile, sm. a crocodile 
Crocus, saffron-flower 
Croire, va. to believe, * think 
Groisade, sf. crusade, holy war; 

Crois^, sm, a croise, a dupe 
Groisee, (serge,) sf. kersey 
Crois6e, casement; cross-bar 

Groisemeat, sm. dressing 
Croiser, va. to * lay cross-wise; 

* strike out; cruise; cross 

B — , «r.* lie cross; * take upon 

one the cross of the holy war, 

to play the fool 
Groiseur, sm, a cruiser 
Groisiere, sf. cruise 
Groisare, cross-web 
CroiBmaace,growing age; growth 
Groissant, sm. crescent, hook 
Grolt, tncrsoss [wax 

Gioitre, vn. to*grow,increate, 
OraiZ} sf. a 



Croquant, sm. a poor wretch 
Croque-lardon, spunger 
Groquer, vn. to scranch; crackle; 

devour; pilfer 
Croquet, sm. thin and hard gin 

Croqueur, adevourer 
Croquignole, sf. a fillip 
Croquignoler, va. to fillip 
Croquis, sm. sketch "" 
Crosse, sf. crosier, bttt-end, bat 

drumstick, or pestle 
CrosB^, a. who has- the privilege 

of carrying the crosier 
Grosser, vn. M play at cricket; 

treat with great contempt 
Crosseur, sm. a cricket-player 
Croite, sf. dirt, mud; dung of 

Crotter, va. to dirt 
Crottln, sm. dung of horses, ^c. 
Croulement,5tnil»7t^(o/a hou^e,) 

Crouler, va. to * sink, * shake 
Croulier, e. a. boggy 
Croupade, sf. bounding of a 

Croupe, croup; top of a hiU 
Croupi, e. a. stagnated 
Croupier, sm. croup, crouper 
Croupi^re, */. crupper 
Croupion, sm. rump 
Croupiri vn, to * stand sUU; 

Croiipissant, e. a. standing 
Croustille, sf. piece of crust 
Croustiller, vn. to * cut a crust 
Croustilleusement, ad. comical * 

ly, with mirth 
Croustilleux, se. a. droll, delicate 
Croule, sf. crust; scurf; rind 
Croutelette, a little crust 
Crouton, sm. a crusty piece of 

Groyable, 2. a. credible 
Groyance, sf. belief, trust 
Croyant, sm. a bdiever 
Cruaute, sf. cruelty; grievom 

Crucbe, a pitcher; blockhead 
Cnicb^e, a pitcher-full 
Gruchon, sm. little pitcher 
Crucial, e. a. crucial 


Cnicif^re, 2. a. crueiferouB 
Cnicifier, va. to crucify 
Crucifiemeiit, am. crucifixivn 
Crucifix, a crucifix 
Crucifixion, sf. —xion 
Cm, e. a. raw; blunt; Hard; un- 
maniurly; indigested; imper- 
Cru, am. growth; aoil 
Crudity, sf. rawness; crudity^ 

Crae, increase 
Crael, le. a. cnwZ, hard 
CraeUement, ad. cmel^ 
Cruement, blumtiy., rashly 
Cniral, e. a. crural 
Crustac^e, a. crustaeeous 
Cruzade, sf. eruzado 
Crjrpte, sf. burying vault 
Cu, oil, sm. bottom 
Cu de Itunpe, a tail-piece 
Cu de plomb, a sedentary man 
Cu de sac, a blind alley * 

Cu blanc, white tail 
CCl de jatle, a lame man 
Cft de basse fosse, a dungeon 
Cu d'articliaut, bottom of an ar- 
Cube,«m. a cube 
Cubation, sf. cub<Uion 
Cubique, 3. a. cubiciU 
CubitaJ, e. a. cubittU 
Cucurbitains, sm. pi. flat worms 
Cacurbite, sf. eueuHiite 
Cueille, a breadth of sailcloth 
Cueilleret, sm. the rent roll of a 

Cueillene, sf. harvest,gathsringi 

Cueilieur, se. a gatherer 
Cuetllir, va. to gather, to *pick 
Cueilloir, sm. fruit- basket 
Cuiller, sf. a spoony leuUe, 
" k poij a pot-ladle 
CuUler^e, a spoonful 
Cojileron, sm. bowl of a spoon 
Cuir, leathery hide 
Cuirasse, sf, a cuirass 
Cuiraasd, e. sf. with a cuirass; 

Cuirassier, sm. cuirassier 
Cnire, v. to cook; digest; smart; 

bake; to* do;* dress; digest 
Cuisant e. a. sharpy smart 
Cnialiie, sf. kitchen; toekery 


C-oIsiner, vm. to eook 

Cuisinier, e. s. cook 

Cuiasart, sm. thigh at 

Cuiese, */. thighj leg of m fowl 

Cuisson, dressing of victuals; 

Cuissot, sm. haunch of a deer 

Cuistre, servant in a college^ pe- 

Cuit, e. a. done; dressed; boU- 
edy bakedy roasted 

Cuite, sf. baking 

Cuite des briques, burning of 

Cuivre, sm. copper 

jaune, copper 

Cuivrer, va. to copper over 

Cul, bottom^ see Cu, ^c. 

Culasse, sf. the breech of a gun 

Culbute, sf. overthrow ;heels ever 

.Culbuter, v. to * overthrow; * 
break; tumble 

Cul6e, sf. butmont of a bridge 

Culminant, a. m. — ating 

Culmination, sf. — tion 

Culminer, vn. to culminate 

Culot, sm. a nestling; dross 

Culotte, sf. breeches; back part 
of a pigeon; rump of beef 

Culottin, sm. close breeches; child 
newly breeched 

Cuite, worship 

Cultivable, S. a. capable of cul- 

Cultivateur, sm. husbandman 

Cultiver, va. eultivatCy manure 

Culture, sf. culture^ tillage 

Cumin, sm. cumine 

.Cumulatif, ve. a. accumulative 

Cumulatlvement, ad. accumMlor 
tively ^ 

Cumuler, va. to accursMlate 

Cupidity, sf. eupidityy lust 

Cupidon, sm, Cupid 

Curable, 2. a. eurabte 

Curage, sm. cleansing 

Curatelle, sf. guardianship 

Curateur, rice, s. guardian 

Curatif, ve. a. curative 

Care, sf. a cure; living; par- 
sonage; cleaning 

Car6, sm. a parson, rector 

Cure^ent, a tooth-pick 

Cuide, sf. hounds fees^ carnage 



Cure-oreille, «m. ear-pieker 

Curer, va. to cleanse^ to *piek 

Cureur, sm. night-man; cleanser 

Curiai,«. a. belonging to a par- 

Curie, sf. part of a tribe m an- 
cient Home 

Curieusemeut, ad. euriously 

Curleux, se. a virtuoso 

Curion, sm. a priest instituted 
by Romulus [shmo 

Curiosity, sf. curiosity^ raree 

Curviligne, 3. a. eurviUnsal 

Curvit6, */. eurvity 

Curule (chaise,) curule chair 

Curures, */. pi. dregs of a wM 
or sink 

Custode, sf. holster.cap^ py% 

Custode, sm. warden 

Cutan^e, 3. a. cutaneous 

Cnticuie, sf. cuticle^ thin skin 

Cuve, a tub 

Cuvei^u, sm. little tub 

Cuv^e, */. atub-fuU 

Cuver, vn. to work, fret 

Cuvette, sf, a cistern; • littU 

Cuvier, sm. a fish tub, bucking 

Cycle, cycle 

Cycle solaire, cycle of the sun 

Cycle lunaire, ou nombre d*or, 
cycle of the moon, or golden 

Cyclopc, a cyelop^ a smUk 

Cygne, swan; great poet 

Cylindre, cylinder, roller 

Cylindrique, a. cylindrical 

Cymbales, sf. pi. cymbals 

Cynique, 2. a. cynical 

Cynique, sm. a cynic 

Cyiiisme, vutroseness, vsqnulenee 

Cyprus, cypress-tree 

Czar, czar, emperor 

Czarine,i/. eiariTia 


DACTYLE, sm. daetyU 
Dada, hobby horse 
Dadais, a booby 
Dague, sf. dagger; pricket; tusk 

de pr^vdt, eat o* nine tails 

Daguer, va. to sUtb 



Daigner, va. to deign^ vouehsaft 
Daguet, sm. young- stag 
Daim, a buck; deer 
Daine, «/. a doe 
• Daui^«ni. a canopy 
Ddle, sf. a flag (flat stone) 
Dalmatique, a. dalmatic 
Dam, sm. dost; loss; torments 
Damas, damaskj damson 
Damasquiner, va, to damask 
Dama^uinure, sf. -^quining 
DamasBd, 9m. damasked linen 
Damasser, va. to work damask- 
Damassure, sf. damasking 
Dame, sf. lady, goody y draughts 

— de trefle, queen of dubs 
Dame-jeanne, a large bottle 
Dame, dd. nay, marry 
Damer,« eroton(at draughts) 

— le pion, to *■ outdo one -, 
Dameret, sm, a beau, a spark 
Damier, draught-board 
Damnable, 2. a. damnable 
Damnablement, ad. damnably 
Damnation, sf. -—tion 
Damnei, va. to damn 
Damoiseau, sm. a fop, spark 
Damoiselle, sf. a danud 
Danch6, e. a. indented 
Dandin, sm. a ninnp, a dandy 
Dandinement, sm. jolting 
Dandiner, va, to behave like a 

Danger, sm. danger, 
Dangereusement, ad. danger- 
Dangereiuc, se. a. dangerous 
Dana, pr. in, into, within; wUh 
Danae, sf. dance, dancing 
Danser, v. to dance 
Danseur, se. s. a dancer 
Dard, sm.' a dart, spindle 
Darder, va. to dart, * shoot 
Dardeur, sm. dart-finger 
Dariole, sf. a custard 
Darae, slice offish 
Dane, a wet dock 
Daraine, a small wet dock 
Dartre, tetter, ringworm 
Dartre farineuse, scurf 
Datalre, sm. ffatary 
Date, sf. a date 
Dater. va. to date 
Dsterte sf. datary^s ^ffic4 


Datif, sm, dative ease 
Dattc, */. date (fruit) 
Dattier, sm. date-tree 
Davantage, ad. more; besides, 

Daube, sf. a kind of sauce 
DaiU>er, va. to drub, to jeer 
Daubeur, sm. banterer; sneerer 
Davier, pineer for teeth 
Dauphin, dauphin; dolphin 
Daupbine, sf. Dauphines9 
D'autant que, c. whereas 
D'autant plus, ad. the more 

• mieux, the rather 
De, pr. of, from, some, to, with, 

by, at 
De nuit, in the night 
De la Borte, so, thus 
De plus, moreover 
De par, in the name of 
De ce que, c. because, that 
Di sm. die; thimble 
D^bdclage, sm. clearing 
D6b&cle, sf. breaking of a frozen 

D^bftclement, sm. breaking of 

the ice 
D6b&Gler, on. to break as ice in 

a river; dean a harbour, or 

D6b&eleur, sm. water-bailiff 
D6bagouler, va, to *taZ& tU ranr 

D^baller, to unpaek, to pack up, 

or * go away 
D^bandade, a fa d^bandade, 

confusedly disorderly 
D^bandement, sm. rdaxation 
D^bander, va. to unlock, relax 
Se — , vr. to slacken; disperse 
D^banquer,va. to ruin the bank- 
er (gaming term) 
D^barassement, sm. clearing 
D6barasaer, va. to dear; *get 

D^barbouiller, to wash the face 
D^barcadour, sm. place for the 

landing of a ship*s cargo 
D6barda^e, unlading 
D^barder, va. to unlade wood 
D^bardeur, sm. a lighterman 
D^barquemcnt, disembarking 
D^barquer, v. disembark; land; 

D6barraa9er, va, to dear 


D^barrer, to unbar 
D6bat, sm. debate, strife 
Ddb&ter, va, * take off the pack' 

D^batiser, to unchristian • 
D^battre, to \lebaU 
Se d^battre, vr. to struggle; toss 
D^baacbe, «/. debauchery 
D6baucb6, sm. a debauchee 
D^baucb^e, sf. a lewd woman 
D^baucher, debauch; to 

bribe, to eiUice awa^ 
Se ~, va. to follow tU courses, 

* leave off one* s work 
D^bet, sm. balance, debtor 
D^biffer, vo. to disorder; cloy 
D6bile,2. a. feeble 
D^biiement, ad. feebly; weakly 
Debilitation, sf. —tion 
D^hmt^, feebleness, —lity 
D^biliter, va. to enfeeble 
Debit, sm. sale, utterance 
Debiter, va. to vend, utter 

— en gros, to * sell by whdesaU 

— en detail, to "' sell by retail 
Debiteur, se. s. spreader ofneioa 
Debiteur, rice, a debtor 
Deblayer, va. to * rid, to clear 
Deboire, sm. twang, grief ~ 
Deboitement, disjointing 
Deboiter, va. to*put out of joint, 

to warp 
Debonder, to open the dam 
Deiionder, vn. Se debonder, or. 

to sluice out; * break forth 
Debondonner, va. to unbung 
Debonnaire, 2. a. affable; gra 

eious; kind; good 
Debonnairement, ad. kindly 
Debonnaircte, sf. kindness 
Debord, sm. spreading of bai 

Deborde, e. a. dissolute 
Debordement, sm. overfiowingi 

Deborder, on. 1^ deborder, on. 

to * overflow [out 

Deborder, on. to leap over; jut 
Deimrder, va. to unborder 
Debotter, to pvXl off one's boots 
Debouche, Debouchement, sm. 

openings opportunity, means 
Deboucher, va. to*unstop; open 
Deboucler, to unbuckle; uncurl; 

" unwrmg 


Diboainij sm. the trying^ of co- 
lours (tn dying) 
D^bouillir, va. to try colours in 

D^bouquement, sm. disemhogu- 

ing; sailing off 
D^bouquer, va. to sail out of a 

D^bourber, va. to eieans'e 
D^bourrer, to polish a young 

D6boun6, sm. money laid out 
D^bouraement, disbursement 
D6bouraer, va. to disburse 
D^boat, ad. up, stamUng 
D^bouter, va. to r^cct ^n law) 
D^boutonncr, to unbtUton 
P^braiUer, (Se) vr. to open one^s 

breast " 

D^bredooiUer, va. to save the 

D^brider, to itMfrruSe; despatch 
Debris, sm. wredk; waste; rub- 

D^brouillement, Oearing 
D^brottillcr, va. to clear 
jy^Xxmllty to polish^ clear off 
D^bucher, on. to start out of the 

wood (bunting term) 
D^busquement, sm. driving out 
D^bosquer,* drive out, to 

supplant; turn out 
D6butf sm. the leady the begin- 
ning of an enterprise 
Debater, vn. to * begin; to knock 

away; to play first 
Deca, ad. on this side 
D^cacbeter, va. to unseal 
Meade, sf. decade^number of ten 
Dteadence, decay; decline; ruin 
hicagpaej sm. decagon 
D^causer,* take ouXofa 

D^calogae, sm. decalogue 
Ddcam^ron, decameron (ten 

Decampment, decampment 
D^camper, va. to decamp; march 

D^canat, sm. deanry 
D^cantatioD, sf. deOmting 
Dteanter, va. to decant 
D6caper, to part the verdigrise 

from Ae copper 
Decapitation, sf. beheading 


D^capiter, va. to behead 
D^carzeler, to unpane 
D^casquer, to * take off one's 
. heiinet 

Decider, vn. to decease; to die 
D^ceindre, va. to ungird 
D(6c6Iement, sm. detection 
D^celer, va. detect^ disclose^ be- 
D^celeur, se. s. informer 
D^cembre, sm. December 
D^cemment, ad. decently 
Decemvir, sm. decemvir 
Decemviral, e. a. —ral 
D^cemvirat, sm. decemvirate 
D^cence, sf. decency ^ decorum 
B^cennal, e. a. decennial 
Decent, e. a. decent^ becoming 
Deception, sf. deception^ deceit 
D^cemer, va. to decree; ordain 
Di^cds, sm. decease^ death 
D^cevant, e. a. deceitful; ^crafty 
D^cevoir, va. to deceive 
D^cbainement, sm. outrageous 

D^cbainer, va. to unchain; to 

Se —, vr. * break loose; raU at 
D^chalander, va. to * hurt a 

shop*i custov* 
D6chanter, to change one's note; 

to yield • 
D^charge, sf. unloading; volley; 
storehouse; casement; -dis- 
charge; acquittance 
D^cbarger, va. to unload; dis- 
charge; ease; open 
D^cbargeur, sv^. porter^ dis- 
D6cbarmer, vd. to unJtewitch 
D6cbam6, e. a. scraggy; lean 
D^cbarner, va. to * pick off the 

fleshy * make lean, thin, lank 
Style d6charn6, a jejune style 
D^chaussement, sm. the pulling 

off shoes or stockings 
D^chauaser, vd. to pull off one's 
shoes and stockings; bare the 
roots of trees; clear the tootii 
of a gum 
D6chaussotr, sm. lancet 
D6cbdance, sf. forfeiture, loss 
D^chet, sm. diminution, loss 
D^cbeveler, va. to dishevel 
D^cbevdtrer, tounhalter 



D^cbiffrable, ^ a. that earn be 

D^cbinVement, sm. deciphering 
D^cbiffrer, va. to decipher; clear 
D^chiffreur, sm. a decipherer 
D^cbiqueter, va. to pink; slashf 

D^cbiqueture, sm. a pinker 
D^cbiqueture, j/. pinking; sUsk- 

ing; cutting [bouts, ^c 

Ddcbirage, sm. breaking of old 
D^cbirem^nt, tearing, breaking 
D^cbirer, va. to * tear; defamis 
D^cbirure, sf. rent 
D^cboir, vn. to decay, *fall off 
D6chouer,* get off 
Decider, decide; resolve; dispose; 

*^ut an end to 
D^cimable, 2. a. tithabU ■ 
Decimal, e. — mal 
D6cimatcur, sm. tithingman 
Decimation, sf—tion 
D^cimer, va. to decimate 
Decimes, sf. pi. the tenths 
D^circr, va. to free from wea; 

to clean 
Decisif, ve. a. decisive, clear 
Decision, sf. decision 
Decieivement, ad. positively 
Decisoire, 2. a. decisory 
D^clamateur, «ir. noicy orator 
Declamation, sf. —tion; abuse; 

Declamatou'e, 3. a. dulamatory 
Declamer, v. declaim; inveigh 
Declaratif, ve. a. — rtuive 
Declaration, sf.—tion; list 
Declaratoire, 2. a. —ratory 
Declarer, vn. to declare; show 
Declin, sm. decline; wane; end 
Declinable, 2. a. —ble 
Dedinaison, sf. declension; de- 
Declinatoire, ^tory 
Decliner, v. to decline; decay 
Declivite, sf. declivity 
Dedoitre, c. a. unclotstered 
Declorre, v. to unclose, open 
Declqs, e. a. disclosed, epened 
Declouer, vr. to unnaU 
Decochement, sm. shooting 
Decocber, va. to * shoot 
Decoction, sf. decoction 
Decoifier, va. to uncoif; uncorkj 

discompose hair 



D6coHatkm, «/. bekeadinf 
D^collemeiit, am. unglutng 
D6coliet6, e. a. whose breast is 

D^coller, va. to unglue; behead 
D^colorer, to diseotoury tarnish 
D^colieter, va, to uncover the 

D^comhreijto clear from rubbish 
D^corabres, sm. pi. rubbish 
Decomposer, va. to discompose; 

to dissolve, resolve 
Decomposition, sf. dissolving 
D^compte, sm. discount 
D^compter, va. to discount, de- 
duct; * give way 
Ddconcerter, disconcert ; eon- 
found, * put out, baffle 
Se — , vr. to be out of countenance 
D6conflre, va. discomfit; rout 
D^conliture, sf. discomfiture, 

rout, defeat 
D6confort, ^m. despair 
Di&conforter, va. .to discomfort, 

'* cast down, despond 
D6coDseiller, to dissuade 
D6contenancer, to put ovt of 

countenajiee, confound 
D^convenue, sf. misfortune 
D^corateur, sm. decorator 
D^cora^on, tf. ornament 
D^corationa, pi. scenes of a the- 
atre; scenery 
D^corder, va- to untwist 
D^corer, to decorate, adorn 
Decortication, sf.—tion 
Decorum, sm. decorum, decency 
D^coucher, va. to * lie abroad 
D^coudre, vn. to unsew; * rip up 
D^couler, vr. to trickle, to * run 

DecoulemenV"*' trickling; run- 
ning; fluxion of humours 
Decouper, va. to * cut into fi- 
gures; to pink; to carve 
Dicoapeur, se. s. a pinker 
Decouple, e. a. well-set 
Decoupler, va. uncouple; let 

Decoupore, sf. pinking; cut 

cloth, cut paper-work 
Decouragement, sm. diocourago- 

Deeourager, va. to iiseourage, 


Decours, Ml. decrease, wane 
DecQUsu, e. a. unsewed; out of 

order; ript 
Decousure,«/va breach of stitches 
Decouvert, e. a. uncovered; dis- 
covered; revealed; open 
Decouverte, */. discovery 
Decouvrir, va. to uncover; dis- 
cover; perceive; reveal 
Se— , vr. to pull off one's hat; * 

make one*s self known 
Decouvrir le pot aux roses, to 

discover the mystery 
Decrasser, va. to clean; polish 
Decreditementf sm. discredit 
Decrediter, va. to discredit 
Decrepit, e. a. decrepit; crazy 
Decrepitation, sf. — tion 
Decrepiter, va. to dry salt by the 

Decrepitude, sf. —tude, decay, 

Decret, sm. decree, warrant 
Decretales, decretals 
Decreter, va. to decree, award; 

Decri, sm.crying down; disgrace 
Decrier,va. to cry down; to dis- 
grace; * make odious 
Decrire, va. to describe;*draw a 

Decrochement, sm. unhooking 
Decrocber, Decrocheter, va. to 

Decroire, vn. to disbelieve 
Decroissement, sm. decrease 
Decroltre, vn. to decrease 
Decrotter, vo. to^^ off the dirt; 

Decrotteur, sm. a shoe-boy 
Decrottoire, sf. a shoe-brush 
Decruer du fil, va. to prepare 

raw thread 
Decuirasser, to * take off one's 

Decuple^ 3. a. sm. tenfold 
Decupler, va. to increase tenfold 
Decurie, sf. a committee of ten 
judges; band of ten troopers 
Decurion, sm. a decurion 
Dedaigner, v. to disdain, seom 
Dedaigneuaement, ad. disdain- 

DedaJgneax, se. a. disdainful^ 


Dedain, mi. disdain^ s 

Dedale, a labyrinth, a maxs 
Dedamer, vn. to * put a man out 

of the first row (at draughts) 
Dedans, ad. pr. in, within 
Dedans, sm. the inside 
Dedicace, sf. deOication; eens^ 

Dedicatoire,3. a. dedicatory 
Dedier, va. to dedicate; address 
Dedire, to disown, blame 
Se , vr. to recant, * go from 

one's word 
Dedit, sm. a forfeit 

Dedommager, va. to indemnify 
Dedorer, to ungild 
Dedoubler, to unloin [tion 

Deduction, sf. ^tion, snumera 
Deduire, va. to deduct; deduce 
Deease, sf. goddess 
Se defftcfier, vr. to* be padfiad 
Defaillance, sf fainting, swoon 
Defaillant, sm^ he that contemns 

the court; waniing 
Defaillir, vn. to fan; to decay; 

to swoon 
Se defaire, vr. to * be dashed; 

* rid one*s self of; kUl one^s 

self; ♦ sell off; * leave off 
Defaite, sf. defeat, evasion 
Defalcation, —tion 
Defalquer, va. to defalcate 
Defaveur, sf. disgrace 
Defavorable, 2. a. unfavourable 
Defavorablement, ad. unfavour- 
Defaut, sm. defect; blemish; 

want; default; flaw 
Defaut des cdtes, smaU of the 

back [moon 

— de la lune, change of the 
Defectif, ve. a. defective 
Defection, */. dtfeetion [ly 

Defectueuaement, ad. imfferfedt- 
Defectueux, se. a. defective 
Defectuoeite, */. defect 
Defenderesae, sf she-defendant 
Defendeur,^m. defendant 
Defendre, va. to defend; proUf 

bit; * forbid 
Se defendre, vr. to it^end; t9 

excuse one* s s^^ 
Defense, sf. defence; prokiMtlox 



JiifBaaeB^pl. reply in law; fence', 

D^fienaeur, sm. drfender 
MfeoBif, ve. a. defensive 
D6fiN]uer, va. to defecate; re- 
jMe; clarify 
Mferent, e. a. complying' 
D6£6rence, «/. compliance; re- 
B^ftrent, a. «». deferent 
IMferer, v. Ca yield; impeach; 

defer; decree; administer 
D^ferler, va. Co unftarl the sails 
Diferrer, vn, to* be dashed 

, no. to unshoe; nonplus 

Se , to * be confounded^ 

coma off 
D^fet, Ml. wo^c \ 
Mfi, chaUengej defianco 
Defiance, sf distrust; mistntet; 

stupieion; jealousy 
Defiant, e. a. diffident; jealous 
Deficit, MR. wanting 
IMfier, va. to defy, challenge 

Be ,or. to mistrust^ suspect 

Difigurer, va. to disfigure; de- 
D^fil^, sm. a defile 
Difiler, va. to * unstring, fOe off; 

ftaxe {jM a cable) 
D^finir, to define; appoint; de- 
D^finiteur, sm. d^nitor 
D^finitir, re. a. definitive, per- 
. emptors 

Definition, sf. —turn 
' D^fioidTenient, ad. --vdy 
Difinitoire, sm. the chapter of a 

religious order 
Deflagration, sf —tion 
Deiiearir,* shed blossoms 
Defleorir, va. * nip off the blos- 
soms; take off the bloom 
Deflorer, va. to corrupt, vitiale 
Deflozion, sf. defluxion 
Defoncement, sm. staving 
Defoncer one futaille, va,to * 

stave a cask 
Deformer, to * put out of form 
Defoumer,* draw out of the oven 
Defrayer, va. to defray 
Defricbement, sm. grubbing up 
Defrieher, va. to grub «p; clear 
Mfrtcbenr, fm. he that grubs up 

3EG X 


Defriaer, va. to uncurl 
Defroncer, to * undo the gathers 
Se d6froquer, • tkrvw off the 

monkish habit 
Defroque, sf. goods, moveables 

left by death 
Detuner, va. to unrig 
Defunt, e. a. deceased, late 
l>6gage, (degre) sm. back stairs 
Degagement, disengagement ; 

freeing; passage; calling in 
Degager, vn. disengage; redeem 
Degainer, va.* draw one's sword 
Degaineur, sm, a bully 
Deganter, va. to pull off one's 

DegamiTi to unfurmsh; * strip, 

Degascoimer, (of eacA a Gascon 

to speak true French 
Deg&t, sm. havoc; waste; spoil 
Degaacbir, vo. to plane; level 
DegauchisBement, mi. levelling, 



)eg6l, sm. thaw 


Degeler, va. to thaw 
Degenerer, va. to degenerate 
Degingande, e. a. swinging in 

ene*s gate 
Degluer, va. to unglue; get rid of 
Deglutition, sf. deglutition 
Degoiser, vn. to blab, * chirp 
Degorgement, sm. overflowing 
Degorger, vn. to clear, purge, 
spread out 

Se , vr. to overflow; empty 

one*s self 
Degorgeoir, sm. an engine to 

clear a gun 
Degourdi, e. a. sharp, acute, re- 
Degourdir, va. to quicken, to 

warm {water;) to polish 
Degourdiasementf sm. quicken- 
ing; removal of numbness 
Degoiit, disgust; satiety 
Dego&tant, e. a. "disgustful 
Degofite, e. a. squeamish; out of 

conceit with 
Degouter, va. to disgust 
Se. , vr. to* be out of con- 
ceit with 
Degouttant, e. a^ dropping 
Degoutter, vn. to * drop 
Degradation, «/. —titfii, ««<« 

Degrader, va. to degrade; waste^ 

Degrafler, to unclasp 
Degraisneinent, sm. scouring 
Degraisser, va. to scour; clean; 

* take away the fat 
Degraisseur, sm. a scourer 
Degrapiner, vn. to lift the small 

Degie, sm. stair; step; degree; 

Degnngoler, vn. to • run down 

stairs; to tumble 
DegroBsir, to chip; to clear up; 

to fashion 
Deguenilie, e. a. tattered; in 

Deguerpir, va. to quit in a hurry 
Deguerpissenient, sm. quitting 
Deguisement, sm. disguise 
Deguiser, va. to disguise 
DegusUtion, sf. —tion 
Deh&ler, va. take off the swif 

Dehanche, e. a. hipshot 
Dehamacber, va. to unharness; 

* set free 

Dehors, ad. pr. out; abroad 
Dehors, sm. outside appearanu; 

Deja^ ad. already 
Deicide, sm, deieide 
Dejection, «/ a stool; depression 
Dejeter, vn. to jet out 
Se — , vr. to warp ifdst 

DejeCine, dejeuner, sm. bretJe- 
Dejedner, vn. to breakfast 
Deification, 9/. ~<ton; apothesis 
Deifier, va. to deify 
Dejoindre, to disjoin, warp 
Deisme, sm. deism 
Deiste, a. deist, who believes in 

Ood, but admits no revealed 

Deite, sf. deity 
Dejuc, sm. time when the birds 

come from roost 
Dejucher, vn. to unroost; como 

down; * bring down 
De-1&, ad. off; from thence 
De-cd, &. de-l&, up and down 
De-m, pr. beyond, over, above 
Deiabrement, sm. ruining: r«- 

inovs condition Iruin 

Deiabrer, va. to rend; impair; 




^M* t^N?^ 

IMlacer, to «tn2a«< 

D^Iai, sm, a dday, adjournment 

D^Iaissement, desertion 

D^lajaser, va. to forsake; * cast 

V off 

D^lassement, sm. refreshment^ 

D^lasser, va. to refresh 
D^lateur, sm. an informer 
Delation, sf. an information 
D^latter, va. to unlath 
D61av6, e. a. weak in colour 
D^layant, sin. diluter 
Delayer, va. to dilute: temper 
D^lectable^ 2. a. delightful 
Delectation, ef. delight 
D^lecter, va. to delQht 
Delegation,*/.— ttoii,eoiitmM«i0n 
Deiegatoire, 2. a. delegatory 
Deiegue, sm. a deputy; delegate 
Deieguer, va. to delegate; ap- 
Deiestage, sm. unballasting 
Deiester, va. to unballast 
Deiesteur, sm. unballaster 
Deiibation, sf. —tion 
Deiiberant, e. a. unresolved 
Deliberation, sf. — tton, resolve 
Deiiberatif, ve. a. —tive 
Deiibeie, e. a. bold, resolute 
Deiiberement, ad. boldly 
Deiiberer, vn. to deliberate; de- 
termine^ resolve 
Deiicat, e. a. delicate^nice; veak 
Deiicatement, 'ad. — tely; dain- 
tily; tenderly 
Deiicater, va. to pamper; cocker 
Deiicatesse, sf. delicacy; scru- 

pulotuness; niceness 
Deiice, sm. delight 
Deiices, sf. pi. delight 
Deiicieusement, ad. delidously 
Deiicieux, 86. a. delicious; vo- 
Be deiicoter, vr. to unhalter 
Dene, e. a. slender; acute; hose; 

fine; thin; untied 
Deiier, va. to untie, absolve 
Delineation, sf. —tion 
Deiinquant, sm. delinquent 
Deiinquer, vn. to offend 
Deiire, sm. delirium, raving 
Deiit, jfavlt, crime 
Deiivrance, 'sf. deliverance; de- 
livering; release 

Deiivre, em. after-Hrlh 
I>eiivrer, va. to deliver, free 
Deiogement, am. a removing 
Deiogeri va. to remove; to turn 

—, vn. to go away, remove 
— & la sourdine, to leave one''s 

house clandestinely 
Deioyal, e. a. disloyal, perfidioue 
Deioyaiement, ad. perfidiously 
Deioyaate, •/. disloyalty 
Deioge, sm. deluge, flood 
Deiuter, va. to* take away the 

htte of a veeeel 
Demaconner, va. pull down the 

Demagogue, em. demagogue 
Dema^nr,* cut off 
Deoaaigrinement, sm. cutting off 
Demaillotter, va. to unswathe 
Demain, sm. ad. to-morrow 
Demancher, va. to unheft 
Se — , vr. to* be off the hinges 
Demande, sf. demajid, q^estion, 

petitioUy euit, postulatum 
Demander, va. to demand; beg, 

ask, require 
Demandeur, se. s. an asker; a 

Demandeur, sm, plaintiff 
Demanderease, sf. plaintiff 
Demangeaison, itching 
Demanger, vn._to itch 
Demantelement, sm. dismant- 
ling, undoing 
Demanteler, va. to dismantle 
Demantibuie, e. a. broken; out 

of order 
Demarage, sm. unmooring 
Demarcation, sf. (ligne de) an 
imaginary line to divide coun- 
tries, seas, Src. 
Demarche, gait, proceeding - 
Demarier, va. to unmarry 
Demarquer, to unmark 
Demarrer, va. to unmdor; * set 

Demaaquer, va. to unmask 
Demastiquer, to separate, to free 
Dem&ter, to dismast, unmast 
Deroeie, sm. debate, quarrel 
Demeier, va. to separate; dis- 
cover, contest, unravd, disen- 
tangle, decide, perceive 
Be "-^ vr. to * get off clear 


Demeiotr, am. a winding-reel, a 

large comb 
Demembrement, sm. dismem 

bering, cutting off 
Demembrer, va. .to dismember 

Demenagement, am. removing' 

Demenager, vn. to remove , 

march away 
Demence, sf. madness 
Se demener, vr. to * make a bus 

Dementi, am. Uc; balk 
Demeotir,* give one ike 

lie; to contradict; to die- 

Se —.v. to* be ineonsistent; io 

fall, to warp 
Demerite, sm. demerit; desert 
Demeriter, vn. to* do amiss 
Demesure, e. a, huge; excessioa 
Demeaurement, ad. out of mea- 
sure; immoderately 
DemetU«, va. disjoin; discard; 

Se — , vr. to resign; * have out 

of joint 
Demeubler, va. tounfumish 
Denieurant, sm. remainder 
Demcurant, e. a. living; dwell- 

ivg; abiding 
Demeure, sf. dwelling; stay; 

Demcurer, vn. to live, continual 

* stay, remain, tarry 
Demi, e. a. half, demi 
Demi, ad. half 
Demie, sf. half an hour 
Dcmi-lune, half moon 
Demi-metal, «m. semi-metal 
Demi-diametre, semi-diameter 
Dcmi-setier, half a pint 
Demi-queue, sf. a hogshead of 

Champaign wine 
Demis, e. a. put out; removed, 

out of joint 
nemisgion, sf. reeigning 
Deraocrate, sm. —crat, fond of 

a popular government 
Democratie, sf. democracy 
Democratique, 2. a. —tical 
Demoiselle, sf. a misa, waiting 

wemanf rammer 

IMmoIir, «a. to demolish; pnU 

Htmoiitjonf sf. demolishing 
IKmon, sni. a demo%y devU 
B6iDoiiJaque, demoniac 
Demonstrable, 3. a. —bio 
Bimonstrateur, om. —tor 
D^moDstratif, ve. a. — tivo 
ItemcMistratkni, sf. —Hon; assu- 
D^iiM»ifltrativement, ad. clearly 
Demonter, va. to unhorse; * take 
to pieces f confound^ dismountt 
*'mndOi nonplus 
D^jDontrer, to demonstrate^ to 

D6moraluer,va.ti> corrupt^ stain 
Mmordre, v«. * let go one's 

hold; recede from 
D^mouToir, va. to * tahe off 
Mmunir, to unprovide 
Ddmurer, to open a wall 
D^natter, to untwistj unmat 
Deiiatiir6, e. a. unnatural; cruel 
D^naturer, va. to pervert; to 

Dendrite, sf. stone wUh figures 

D^n^gation, sf. denial 
D^ni, sm. denied^ refusal 
D^niais^, cunning fellow 
D^niaisement, sharping trick 
D^Diaiser,* teach wit; to 
■ bubble 
8e— , w. to* learn wit; to* grow 

D^niajaeur, m». sharp fellow 
D^nictaer, no. to unnestle^ to 

— ««. to • bnish off; march away 
D^nicheur, sm. who goes a bird- 
Denier, money yinterest^ farthing 
-de y(Mf^ pmn'^rwcight 

— a diea, earnest-penny 

— viugt, five per cent. 

— vingt-cinq, four per cent. 
Denier, va. to deny, refuse 
Deniers du roi, sm. pi. king's 


— d'octroi, a toll, ot passage- 
penny •■ 

D^Qigrement. sm. slandering.— 
Un grand d6nigrement, a 
heavy disgrace 


D^aigrer,im. to revile; slander 

D^nombrenlent) snu enumera- 
tion, list, survey 

Denominateur, —nator 

D^nominatif, ve. a. —tive 

DenoQiination, */. —tion 

D6nominer, va. to^name 

Denoucer, to proclaim; to f»- 
form against, impeach 

Denonciateur, sm. an informer 

D6nonciation, sf. informing 

D^nototion, —tion 

Ddnoter, va. to denote 

Ddnouer, to unite; * make sup- 
ple; unravel 

Denouement, sm. discovery, cttr 
tastropke of a play 

Denr^e, sf. commodity^ ware, 

Dense, 2. a. dense, thick 

Density, sf. density, thickness 

Dent, a tooth, notch, gap 

Dents, pi. teethi notches 

Dents devantj foreteeth 

— — mftchelieres, jaw-teeth; 

incisives, incisors 

— — de lait, young teetlt^ 

GBilleres, eye-teeth 

Dent-de-lion, dandelion 

Dental, e. a. dental 

Dente, e. a. notched,indented 

Dentee, sf. a bite 

DenteI6, e. a. jagged 

Denteler, va. to indent, jag 

Dentdle, sf. bone lace 

Dentelure, indenting^ notching; 
dented work 

Denticule, denticles 

Dentier, sm. set of Ueth 

Dentifrice, dentifrice 

Dentiste, dentist 

Dentition, ^. —tion, cutting of 

Denture, sf. set of teeth 

Denudation, denudation 

D^nuer, vr. to bereave, * strip 

D^nuement, sm. deprivation 

D^paquetcr, va. to * unpack 

D^parager, to marry a girl be- 
low her condition 

Depareilld, er. a. not complete, 
unmatched , 

Depareiller, va. to unmatch 

iD6parcr, to * strip, disjigurs 



Depariei^ to unmatch 
D^parler, to* give over talking 
Depart, sm. dq^arture, parting 
Departager, vn. to * give the 

casting vote ^ 

Departement, mi. department; 

distribution; district; fuartere 
Departir, va. to impart; to dis" 

3e — , vr. to desist; recede from 
Depasser, va. to "^ go faster^ to 
\i * get beyond, to pull out 
Q^^iaver, to unpave 
D^payser, to carry one into anr 

other country; to * put on a 

wrong scent 
Depecementf sm. cutting up 
Ddpecer, va. to * cut up; carve 
DepSche, sf. despatch; express 
DejpSclier, va. to despatch 
Se — , vr. to * make haste 
D^peindre, va. to depict, df 

scribe, represent, express 
D^penailie, e. a. ill clad 
Dependamment, ad. —dently 
Dependance, sf. dependence 
Dependant, e. a. held of another; 
. depending 
Depeudre, vn. to depend on; * 

hang on; * take down; hold 
Depens, «ifi. pi. expense; cost 
Depense, sf. expense; till; pantry 
Depenser,* spend 
Depensier, sm. expensive man; 

Deperdition, */. —tion 
Deperir, vn. to decay 
Deperissement, sm. decaying 
Depetrer, va. to disengage; to 

* get rid of 
Depcuplement, 'sm. depopulation 
Depeupler, va. to dispeople 
Depilatif, ve. a. depilatory 
Depiiation, sf. —tion 
Depilatoire, sm. —tory 
Degiter, vn. to cause the hair to 

come off 
Depiquer, to allay resentment 
Depit, sm. vexation; pet; ange 
Depiter, va. to vex; to provoke 
Se — , vr. to fret {sionate 

D6pileux, se. a. fretful; pas- 
Deplacement, sm. displacing 
Deplacer, va. to displace; re- 



D^plaire, vn. to displease 
Se — , vr. not to like 
D^plaisance, ^f. dislike 
D^plaisarit, e. a. disagreeable 
D6plaisir, am. displeasure; ill 

office; grief; trouble 
D^planter, va. to * pluck up 
D^plantoir, sm. deplanter 
D^plfttrer, va. to unplaster 
D^plicr, to unfold; open 
D^plisser, to unplait 
Deplorable, 2. a. deplorable 
D^plorabiement, ad. —rably 
Deplord, e. a. desperate; past 

Dipiorcr, va. to deplore 
D^ployer, to display 
Dipluiner, va. to plume; * strip 
I>6polir, to unpoltsk 
Deponent, sm. a. deponent 
Depopulariser, va. to derive of 

Depopulation, sf. —tion 
Deport, sm, delay, first fruits of 

a living" 
Deportation, sf. transportation 
Ddportement, sm. deportmtjit 
Deporter, va. to banish; exile 
Be (Importer, vr. to recede from 
Deposant, e. a. s. deposant 
Depoeer, vn. to depose; to re- 
sign; to deposit 
Depoeitaire, s. depositary; eon- 

Deposition, sf. — tion; deposing 
Depoeseder, va. to dispossess 
Depossession, sf. turning out of 
possession [post 

Deposter, va. to • drive from a 
Dep6t, sm. deposit; trust;' chest; 

settling; sediment 
Depoter, va. to take out; to emp- 
Depoudrer, comb out the powder 
Depouille, sf. skin; east off 
tiothes; books; crop; employ- 
ment or effects of a deceased 
person; spoil; slough 
Depouillement, sm. self-denial; 

parting with any thing " 
Depouiller, va. to * strip; to • 
get in the crop; deprive;* 
east off 
Depourvoir, va. to unfumish; * 
leave destitute; deprive 


Depravation, */. — tion^ corrup- 
l^epraver, va. to deprave 
Deprecatif, ve. a. —tive 
Deprecation, sf. —tion 
Depr6cier, undervalue 
Depiedateur, sm. —dator, robber 
Depredation, sf. —tion, robbery 
D6preder, va. to plunder 
Deprendre, va. to part; loosen 
Se — , to extricate oru^s self 
Depreoccnpe,e.a. unprepossess- 
De-pres, ad. near [ed 

Depression, sf. depression 
Deprier, va. to disinvite 
Deprimer, to depress, debase 
Depriser, to despise, vilify 
Depuis, ad pr. since; from; after 

— quand? how long? 

— peu, not long since 

— long terns, this great while 

— que, c. since 
Depuration, sf. —tion 
Depuratif, ve. a. purifying; 

Depuratoire, 2. a. —tory 
Depurer. va. to depurate 
Deputation, */. —tion 
Depute, sm. a deputy, delegate 
Deputer, va. to depute, *send 
De quoi, pro. wherewithal; what 

of; reason, matter 
Deracinement, sm. rooting up 
Deraciner, va. to root up or out 
Deraison, sf. nonsense 
Deraisonnable, 3. a. iinreasona- 

ble^ unjust 
Deraisonnablement, ad. unrea- 
D^r2ABaaner,vn.*speak nonsense 
Derangement, sm. disorder, con- 
Deranger, va. disorder, embroil 
Se — , vr. to*take to had courses 
Derate, e. a. cunning, sharp 
Se derayer, vr. Ex. Une roue 
qui se deraye, a wheel with 
loose evokes 
Dereche^ ad. again, anew 
Deregie, e. a. disorderly; unruly 
D^reglement, sm. irregularity, 

debauchery, disorder 
Deregiement, ad. disorderly, 

loosely, unruly 
Dertgler, va. to disorder 


S« deregler, vr. * grow lewd; 

* be out of order 
Derider, va. to smooth, clear up, 

Deriuion, sf. derision, ridicule 
Derisoire, 2. a. derisory, derisive 
Derivation, */. —tion, origin 
Derivatif, ve. a. —tive 
Derfve, sf. a ship's lee-way 
Derive, sm. a derivative 
Denver, fja. to* put off from the 

shore; deflect from the course; 

derive; unclinch 
Dernier, e. a. last; utmost; 

worst; greatest; highest 
Dernier, sm. the last; the utmost 
Dernierement, laUly, newly 
Derober, va. to rob; eenceal^ 

deprive; *hide; divest 
Se — , vr. to * steal away 

Derogation, */. tion 

Derogatoire, 2. Derogeant, e. a. 

J)^wgeance,sf.degrading action 
Deroger, vn. derogate, degrade 
Deroidir, va. unstiffen; supple 
Derouiliement, sm. rubbing qff 

the rust 
Derouiller, va. to rub off the rust 
Derouler, to unroll 
Deroute, sf rout, disorder, defeat 
Derouter, va. bewilder, puzzle 
Derriere, pr. behind; backward 

, «i». back part 

Dervis, ou Dervicbe, a dervis 
Des, pr.from, which, at 

— que, e. when, since; as soon ae 

— aujonrd'hui, this very day 

— lore, from that time; then 
Desahuseinent, sm. undeceiving 
Desabuser, va. to undeceive 
Desaccorder, to untune 
Desaccouplir, to uncouple 
Desaccoulumer, to wean from 
Desachalander, to*hurt the citf> 

torn of a shop 
Desaffourcher, va. to heave up 

an anchor 
D6sagencer, to disorder 
Desagreable, 2. a. disagreeable 
Desagreablement, ad. disagree^ 

ably [unrig 

Desagreer, vn. to dispUaoe; to 
Degagreroent, sm. dioagreeabU 

ness: vexation 


D^gajuster, ta. to tUseompoae 
D^sajjerer, to quench the thirst 
D^sancrer, vh. to weigh anchor 
Desappareiller, va. to unmatch 
DesappUquer, to divert from 
D^sappointer, to cashier; also 
used now by many people in 
the Eogii&h sense of to disap- 
Desapprendre, to * forget 
Desappropriation, ^. divesting 
Be deaapproprier, vr. to divest 

one*o self 
D^sapprouver, va. to disapprove 
Deaar^nner, to unhorse^ to non- 

Desargenter, to * wear off the 

silver; to drain off cash 
Desannement, sm. reduction of 

forces; unrtggingr of ships 
Desanner, va. to disarm; to un- 
rig; to appease 
D^sarroi, sm.disorder, confusion 
Disassembler, va. to * take to 

Desaaaortir, to unviatch 
Desastre, sm. a disaster 
Desastreux, se. a. disastrous 
Ddsavantage, sm. disadvantage 
Desavaniageusement, ad. dis- 

D^aavantageux, se. a, disadvan- 
Disaveu, sm, disavotoment; de- 
D^saveugler, vn. to unblind * 
Desavouer, va. to disavow; de- 
cry; disown; deny 
Descendance, sf. descent 
Descendant, sm. offspring; the 

Descendre, vn. to descend; * come 

down; light off or out 
Descendre, va. to take down 
Descente, sf. descent; taking 
down; declivity; invasion; 
rupture; d^ux; gutter 
Description, — tion 
D^semballage, sui. unpacking 
D^sembaUer, va. to * unpack 
Disembarqueinent, sm. landing 
D6sembarquer. va. to unlade; 

to dioembark 
D^sembourber, to * toko out of 


D^semparer, to quit aplacs; lof 

up a ship; disable 
D^sempenn^, a. at random^ 

helpless (old) 
D^semp^r, va. to unstarch 
Desemplir, to empty a liule 
D^senchainer, to unchain 
D^senchantement, sm. disen- 
D^senchanter, va. toVisenchant 
D^sencloacr, to unnail a ennnon 
D^sendormi, e. a. just awake 
D^sentiler, va. to unthread 
Desenfler. remove a swelling, 

D^senflure, sf. unswelling 
D^senivrer, vo. to remove drunk- 
Se d^senlacer, vr. to disentangle 

one's self 
D^aennuyer, va. to divert 
D^senrayer, va. to unbind a 

wheel; to * leave work 
D6senrdler,te dismiss (a soldier) 
D^scnrouer, cure the hoarseness 
D^senrtiumer, to cure a cold 
Desensabler, to get off a boat, 

^c. that has run aground 
D^sensevelir, to * dig out of the 

Desensorceler, to unbewiteh 
D^sensorceUement, sm. unbe- 
■ witching 
D^seniSter, va. to undeceive, to 

* bring to reason 
D^sentorliller, to untwist 
Desenlraver, to unfetter 
Desert, e. a. desert^ solitary 

, sm. desert; urildemess 

Deserter, va. to * lay "^aste; to 

desert; to * run away " 
D6serteur, sm. deserter 
Desertion, */. —tion, deserting 
D^scsp^rade, 4 la d6sespeiade, 

D^scspere, sm. desperado 
D6s9spcr6e,*/ desperate woman 
D6sesp(^r4meiit, ad. desperately 
Dds^sperer, vn. to despair 
D^sesp^rer, va. to * drive to de- 
spair; provoke; make mad 
Se d^s6sp6rer, vr. to *be frantic; 

to^make away with one's Sflf 
D^sespoir, sm. despair, gri^f 
D«sbabiU6, «» wutress 



Ddshablller, va. to undress 
D6sliabit<r, e. a, uninhabited 
D<bsbabiter, va. to dispeople 
D^sbabiteur, to disaccustom^diB' 

Desh^reoce, */. desherison 
D^sb^riter, va. to disinherit 
D^ahonnete, 2. a. dishonest; in- 
decent; shameful 
D68lionn6teinent,a<2. dishonestlp 
DtislionnStL't^, sf. dishonesty 
Deshonueur, sm. dishonour; dtr- 

grace; discredit 
.Deuhonorable, 2. a. disgraceful 
D^slionorablement, euT shame- 
Deslionorer, va. to disgrace; dis- 

Desbuiuaniser, to divest of hW' 

Designation, sf. appointment; 

Designer, va. to describe; denote; 

appoint; assign; design 
Desmcorpoier, to disincorporaU 
Desinauce, sf. termifiation 
D^sinfatuer, va. to vndeceive 
D68iu(ecler, to disinfect 
Desinfection, sf. disinfection 
D6sint6resse, e. a. disinterested; 

uninterested; indemnified 
D^siiiteressement, sm. disinter- 
Desint^resgement, ad. imparti- 
Desiiii^resser, va. to indemnify 
D^'siuviier, to disiuvite 
Desir, sm. desire, wish, longing 
Desirable, 2. a. desirable 
D68irer, va. to desire, wish, long 

D^iiireux, se. a. desirous 
D6sisicuient, sm. desisting 
Se desister, vr. desist; * give 

Ocs lors, ad. from that time 
D6sob«&ir, vn. to disobey 
D^sobeissance, sf. disobedience 
D^sobeissant, e. a. disvbidient 
D^sobligeamuient, ad. unkindly 
D^sobligeant, e. a. disobliging 
D6sobligeant«, sf. a narrow car- 
riage for one person; a sulky 
D6sobligcr, va. to displease 
D^fioccupation, sf. leisure 



D680ccup^, e. a. unemployed; at 

Be d680ccuper, vr. to retire from 

D^fKBttvrd, e. a. out of work 
D6solant, e. a. grievous 
D6solateur, rice. s. desolator 
Desolation, 5/. — tion; extreme 

grief; ruin 
Desoler, va. to afflict^ to * lay 

Ddsopiler, va. to open^ to' clear 
D^gordoim^, e. a, inordinate 
D^sordonn^ment, ad. disorderly 
D6sordre,«m. dworder; debauche- 
ry; tumult; kavock 
D^sorganisateur, sm. a disturber 
D^sorganiser, va. to unorganize^ 

to disturb 
Desorienter, va, to*put out^ dis- 
Ddaormais, ad. henceforth 
D^Bomer, va. to * take off an 

D6sosser, to bone^ unbone 
D^sourdir, to unravel; unwarp 
Dcsponsation, sf.. a solemn en- 
gagement of a marriage . 
D^pote, sm. a despot; a scourge 
Despotique, 2. a. despotic 
Despotiquement, ad. — ticaUy 
Despo'israe, sm. despotism 
Despumation, sf. despumation 
D^epumer, va. to * take off the 

Se dcssaisir, vr. to disseise^ to * 
give up [ing 

Dessaisissement, sm. dispossess- 
Dessaisonner, va. to manure un- 
Dessale, e. a. unsalted^ cunning 
Dessaler, va. to freshen^ unstUt 
Dessangler, to ungird 
Dessdchant, e. a.aesiccative 
Dess^chement, sm. a drying 
DeB66cher, va. to wither; to 

dctun; to dry up 
Dessein, sm. design^ drawingy 
plan, pattern 

— & dessein, ad. on purpose 
Desseller, va. to unsaddle 
Dcaserre,*/. opening of the purse 

— dur 4 la desaerre, close fisted^ 

Deeaeircr, va. to loosen; wauh 


Dessert, «m. desert^ fruit 
Deaserte, sf. that which comes 
from the table; parochial duty 
Desaervant, sm. vicegerent 
Desservir, va. to clear the table; 

to * do an ill office 
Dessicatif, ve. a. desiccative 
Deasiller, va. to open, one^s eyes; 

Dessinateur, »ni. a designer; 

Dessiner, va. to design; * draw; 

Dcssoler, to unsole 
Dessouder, to unsolder 
Dessoudure, sf. unsoldering 
Defiaouler, v. * make^ ot* be so- 
ber (low) 
Dessous, oo. pr. under; beneath 
Dessous, sm. the under part 
Deasus, ad. pr. abovcy upon 
, sm. the top; treble; super- 
Destin, sin. destiny, fate 
Destioation, sf. —tiony appoint- 
Deatin^e, destiny^ fate; pros- 
Deatiner, v. to design, appoint 
Deatituable, 2. a. that may be 
turned out of his place; pre- 
Destitu^, e. destitute; deposed 
Deatituer, va. to depose; deprive 
Deatitution, sf. deposing 
Destructeur, rice. s. destroyer 
Destruction, sf. — tion, ruin 
Desuetude, cessation from being 

accustomed'; disuse 
Disunion, disunion, variance 
D<baunir, va. disunite; divide 
Se — , vr. * fall out; * come 

D6tachement, sm. detachment; 

disengagement; impartiality 
Detacher, va. to detach, untie; * 

take off; * undo 
" — ,vr. to loosen; * leave off; 

tacher, to * take off a stain 
Detacher une made, to kick up 
Detail, sm. retail; particular ac- 
count; particulars 
D^tailier, va. to * cut in pieces; 
retail; * tdl particulars 



D6tailleur, sm: a retailer 
D^laler, va. to* shut shop; scour 

off; run away 
D^teindrc, va. to discolour 
Se — , vr. to * lose its colottr 
D^tclfr, va. to unyoke; unteam 
D^tendre, to unbend; * take 

D^tenir, to detain, * withhold 
Detente, sf a trigger 
Dctentcur, rice. s. one that keeps 

wrongfully another man's 

D6tention, */. — tion, detaining 
D6terger, va. to purge, clean 
D6 16 ri oration, sf. —tion; waste 
D6t6riorer, va. to waste; ♦ spoil 
Determination, sf. —tion 
D6tcrnjin<^, e. a. bold, f reward 

, sm. a desperado 

D6tennin6ment, ad. absolutdy; 

boldly; positively 
Determiner, va. to determine; 

Se — , vr. to * be resolved 
Deterrer, va. to * dig out of the 

grave; to discover 
D6terreur, sm. a discoverer 
Detersif, ve. a. detersive 
Detestable, 2. a. detestable 
Detestablement, ad. abominably 
Detestation, sf. —tion 
Detestcr, va. to detest; abhor 
Detirer, to * draw out a stuff 
Detlser, to rake out the fire 
Deumation, sf —tion 
Detonner, va. to jar; be out of 

— & fu (miner, to expel f^om mi 

nerals the volatile parts 
Do lord re, unttoist, sprain 
D6torquer, to wrest, to force 
D6 torse, */. a sprain 
Deiortiller, va. to untwist * 
Detoupilloner, va. to lop a tree 
Detour, sm. winding; byway; 

way about 
Detoume, e. a. turned away 
Detoumer, va. to turn asideg 

wrest; embezzle; dissuade; 

deter; divert 
Se -i — , vr. to *go about; * team 

Detracter, va. to slander 
Detracteur, sm, slanderer 


Bc'tractloii, sf. — twn^ slander 
Detraqucr, to * put out of order; 

seduce; * take from 
Detremiie, sf. water colours 
Detremper, va, to dilute; soften 

Detresse, sf. distress 
Detrier, sm. aUd horse 
D<itrimcat, sm. — ment, loss 
Detroit, straits; frith; defile; 

precinct; district 
Deiromper, va. to undeceive 
Detrdncment, sm. dethroning 
D«lr5ner, va. to dethrone 
D^trouaser, to untuck^ rifie 
DetroaaBeur, sm. a robber 
ifetruire, va. destroy; demolish 
Se—^vr. to* fall to ruin 
Dettc, sf. debt; duty 
Dette active, a debt due to us 

passive, debt owing to others 

Ddvaler, v. to* let down 
Devaliser, va. to rob 
DevaDcement, sm. out-runwinr 
Devancer, va. to * outstrip; • 

outrun; prevent; precede 
Devancier, e. s, predecessor 
Devant, ad. pr. before; over- 


que, before; before that 

Devant, sm. forepart 
Devantier, sm. coarse apron 
D6vaster, va. to* lay waste 
D^veloppement, sm. unfolding 
D^velopper, va. to unfold; un- 
Devenir, vn. to * become; *'groW 
Deventer, vo. to * Use the wind 

(said of the sails of a ship when 

tlie wind shifts) 
D^vergond^, e. a. shameless 
D6v6rrouiIlcr, va. to unbolt 
IMven, e. a. warped; crooked; 

not perpendicular 
Dever8,pr. towards^ about 
Par — , byt to 

Mveraer,* bend^ lean 
D^vfttir,* strip; undress, 

Be — fVr. to divest one*s self 

Deviation, */. tion 

D^vidage, «jii. the winding into 

a bottom 
Divider, 9a,to* wind to askein 


I>dvideur,Be^.aaC winds skeins, 

a winder 
D^vidoir, sm. a reel, spindle 
Deuil, moumingf, sorrow 
Devin, e. s. conjurer 
Deviner, va. to divine, guess 
Dcvineresse, «/. a divineress 
Devlneur, sm. diviner; conjurer 
Devise, estimate of a buildingi 

diaiogue; talk 
D^visager, va. to disfigure the 

Devise, sf. device; motto; posy 
Deviser, on. discourse togetAer; 

to chat 
D^voilemeat, sm. unvetlin/i' 
D^voiler, va. to unveil; reveal 
D^votement, stu. looseness 
Devoir, duty; a boy's task 

, va. to owe; to * bS; * must; 

* be bound; * ought 
D6vole, sf. the having no trick 

at cards 
D^volu, e. a. devolved; escheat- 
D6volu, sm. lapse of right; de- 
D^volation, sf. —tion 
D6vorant, e. a. devouring; ra- 
D^vorateur, sm. a devourer 
IMvorer, va. to devour, consume, 

brook, st\/te 
D^vot, e. a. s. devout, votary 
D^votement, ad. devoutly 
Devotion, ef.'—4ton, disposal 
Ddvouement, sm. devotedness 
D^vouer, va. to devote; dedicate 
D6voy6, e. a. astray; erroneous 
Ddvoyer, va. to mislead, err 
Deutdronome, sm. —nomy 
Deux, a. two 

, fois, twice 

, sm. two 

Deuxieme, 2. a. s. second 
Deuxidmement, ad. secondly 
Dext6rit6, sf. —rity; skiU 
Dextre, the right hand (old) 
Dextrement, ad. dextrously 
Diable, sm. devil, the deuee 
Diablement, ad. deviUshly 
Diablerie, sf. witeheraft, demUsh 

Diablease, a shrew 
Diablotin, sm. a little iaril 



Diablotins, mm. pi. ehoeolate 9w 

Drabohque, 2. a. diabolical; de- 

Diaboliquement, ad. —UcaUy 

Diacode, sm. —dium^ Ifmp if 


laconat, deaconry 
Diaconesee, sf. deacones 
Diacre, em. a deacon 
Diad^me, a diadem; eroton 
Diaguostique, 2. a. s. diagno^ 

Diagonale, sf. a diagonal 
Diagonalement, ad. —oially 
Dialecte, sm. dialect; idiom ' 
Dialecticien, a logician 
Dialectique, sf. —tic; logic 
Dialectiquem^t, ad. like a !•• 

Dialogiste, s. —gist 
Dialogue, sm. dialogue, coUoguy 
Dialoguer, v. to dialogue; to * 

ptU scenes in dialogue 
Diamant, sm. diamond, adamant 
Diamantaire, a lapidary 
Diametral, e. a. —trial 
Diainetralement, ad. diametric 

colly; directltf 
Diametrc, sm. diameter 
Diapason, an octave in musie; 

concord; ur^on 
Diaphane, 2. a. transparen 
Diaphan6il6, sf. transparency 
Diaphor^tique, 2. a, purging 
Diaphragme, smt midriff 
Diapr6, e. a. diapered 
Diaprure, sf. diapermg 
Diarrb^e, diarrhaa 
Diastole, diastole, dilatation 
Diatonique, 2. a. diatonie 
Dichotomie, sf. -'my; the ha^ef 

the moon 
Dictame, sm. dittany 
Dictateur, dictator 
Dictature, sf. dictatorship 
Dict^e, copy; what is dictated at 

one time 
Dieter, va. to dictate, prompt ■ 
Diction, sf. diction; style 
Dictionnaire, sm. dictionary 
Dicton, common sayii^lgprovert 
Didactique, 2. a. dimSae; doc- 
trinal ,. . . 
Di^r^se, sf. diuresis, dmision 



Di^se, Di^aiB, «m. iUsie; $harp 
Di^te, af. diet, aaacmbly 
DIEU, am. OOD 
Dieu-doim6, Deodatus^ a title 0/ 


Hffamant, e. a. defammg 
Diff^mateur, sm, a defamer 
Diifaination, sf. calumny 
Difiamatoire, 2. a. defamatory 
Difiamer, va. to defame; slan- 
DifiSremment, ad. differently 
Diff(6rence, «/. difference 
Diff(6rencier, -va. to distinguiah 
Diff6rend; am. variance; differ- 
Different, e. a. differing; unlike; 

Diffiirer, v. to differ; delay 
Difficile, 2. a. difieuU^ hard^ 

Difficilement, ad. with difficvity; 

Difficult^, af. difficulty; doubt 
IMfflcultueux, se. a. exceptions 
Diflfonne, 2. a. mishapen 
Diffbrmer, va. to deform 
Difformitd, af. deformity; ugli- 

DiffuB, e. a. d^uae; tedious 
Diffua^ment, ad. diffuady 
Diffusion, af. apreading 
Digeste, am. digeata^ pandects 
Digestif, ve. a. digestive 
Digestion, sf. digestion^ concoc- 
Digitale, fox-glove 
Digne. 2. a. loerthy, deserved 
^— ae foi, credible 
Dignement, ad. toorthily 
Dignitaire, am. dignitary 
Dignity, af. dignity ^ honour 
Digne, a dyke, bank^ pier 
Digression, digreaaion 
Dilacdration, —tion 
Dilac^rer, va. to lacerate 
Dilapidation, */. — tton 
DiJapider, va. to dilapidate 
Dilatation, af. widening 
Dilatatoire, am. dilator 
Dilater^a. to dilate, extend 
DilayJ^M. to put off 
Diiasmre^ a. dilatory; making 

DUeetlon, sf. — ttra, hoe 


Dilemme, sm. dtlemma; trouble, 

DUigemment, ad. diligently 

Diligence, sf. diligence, cartful- 
neas; %tage-machine " 

Diligent, e. a. diligent; quick 

Diligenter, vn. to hasten 

Dimancbe, am. Sunday 

Dime, Dizme, af. tithe 

Dimension, dimenaion^ aite 

Dimer, va. to tithe 

Dimear, dixmeur, sm. a Uther; 

Diminuer, va, to diminish; less- 

Diminutif, ve. a. diminutive 

, sm..a diminutive 

Diminution, */• — Hon; decrease 

Dimissoire, sm. dimissory letter 

Dlmissorial, e. a. dimissory 

Dinanderie, sf. brazier*s ware 

Dinandier, sm. a brazier 

Dinde, sf. a turkey-hen 

Dindon, sm. a turkey-cock; a 

Dindonneau, a turkey-powt 

Dindonnier, a turkey-herd 

Dindonni^re, sf. a country dow- 
dy; a turkey-keeper 

Din6, diner, sm. dinner 

Din^e, sf. the dining place on a 


Diner, va. to dine 
Dioc6sain, sm. a diocesan 
Dioc^sain, e, a. of a hishop^a 

Diocdse, sm. diocese 
Dioptrique, af. dioptricts 
Dipthongue, a diphthong 
Diplomatique, —tical 
Diplome, sm. diploma^ charter 
Dire, va. * tell, *say^ ♦ speak, * 

mean, * bid . 

Dire, sm. what one says; skying 
Direct, e. a. direct; straight 
Directe, sf. tenure in capita 
Directement, od. directly 
Directeur, rice. s. director; ma- 
nager; governess 
Direction, «/» — tion^ conduct 
Directoire, sm, directory; guide; 

Diriger, va. direst; rule; frame 
Dirimantj ante., a hindering, 


Discale, sm. tret; waste 

Discernement, judgment^ US' 
tinction; discretion 

Diacemer, va. to discern 

Disciple, sm. disciple; j^upU 

Disciplinable, 2. a. doale 

{>iscipline,«/. discipline; scourgre 

Discipliner, va. to discipline; to 

Discfmtinuation, sf. dtscontintir 

Discondnuer, va. to discontinue, 
to cease; * give over 

Disconvenance,^/. disagreement^ 

Disconvenir, vn. to disagree; 

Discord, e. a. discording 

Discordant, e. dissonant; jar- 

Discorde, sf. discord; variance; 

Discorder, va. to * be out of tune 

Discoureur, se. s. a talker 

Discourir, vn. to discourse; to 
talk idly 

Discours, sm. discourse 

, figure, rhetoric 

Discourtois, e. a. discourteous^ 

Discourtoisie, sf. discourtssjf 

Discredit, sm. discredit 

Discret, e. discreet, wary 

Discr6temcnt, ad. discreetly 

Discretion, sf. —Hon, wisdom 

Disculper, va. to exculpate; to 

Discursif ye. a. sive 

Discussif, ve. a. —sive 

Discussion, */. discussion; debate 

Discuter, va. to discuss; distrain 

Disert, e. a. copious; eloquent 

Discrtcnient, ad. at large; fully; 

Disette, sf. want; scarcity 

Disetteux, se. a. needy 

Diseur, se. s. a teller 

Disgrace, sf. disgrace; misfor- 

Disgraci6, o. a. deformed; home- 
ly, ov: rf favour 

Disgraciti, va. to * put out ef 

Disgracieuaement, tf4i. iitagree- 


Diagracieuz, se. a, disagreedbh 
Disgregation,^/. —tionitnopties) 
Disgreger, va. to separate {in 

Disjoindre, to- disjoin 
Dwjonctif, ve. a. disjunctive 
Disjonction, sf. disjunction 
Dislocation, bone out of joint 
Dialoquer, va. to dislocate 
Lisparat, e. a. unsuitable 
Disparate, sf. impertinence; od- 
Disparitfft, disparity; difference 
Disparition, disanpearing 
Disparoicre, vn. to disappear 
Dispendieuz, se. tk expensive 
Dispensaire, sin. dispensatory 
Dispensateur, dispensalor 
Dispensation, sf. —tion 
Dispensatrice, disposer 
Dispense, dispensation; license 
Dispenser, 00. to dispense^with; 

distrilnttej dispose, d^oee 
Se — , vr. to * forbear ,* Ut alone 
Disperser, va. disperse^ scatter 
Dispersion, */. —tion 
Dispos, a. m. active, nimhU 
Disposer, va. to dispose, * make 

over, enact 
Be—, vr. to * get ready; * be re- 
Dtspositif, ve. a. preparatory 
Dispositif, enacting clause 
Disposition, sf. —Uon, disposal; 

genius; good-will; mind 
Disproportion, —tion 
Disproportionn^, e. a. — tionate, 

Disproportionner, va. to dispro- 
portion,* make unequal 
Disputable, 2. a. disputable 
Dispute, */. quarrel, dispute 
Dispater, va. dispute, contend 
Disputeur, sm. wrangler; dis- 
Disgue, disk, quoit 
Dissecteur, sm. ^tor 
Dissection, */. —tion 
Dissemblabie, 2. a. unlike 
Bissemblance, sf.unUkeness 
Dias^miner, va. to disseminate 
Dissension, sf. dissention; strife 
Dissequer, vd. to dissect 
IHss^quear, sm. am anatmi$t 


BIsBertatenr, author of a disser- 
Disserution, */ . —tion 
Disserter, vn. to treat upon 
Dissimilaire, 2. a. dissimilar 
Di8siinulateur,rice, s. dissembler 
Dissimulation, sf. —tion 
Dissimul^, e. a. dissembling 

. e. ». dissembler 

Diasimuler, va. to dissemble; to 

* takB no notice of 
Dissipateur, rice, s. spendthrift 
Dissipation, sf.—tion, waste 
Dissiper, vn. to dissipate, quash 
Se — , vr. to relax one's self 
DisBOla, e. a. dis8oluU,lewd 
Dissolvent, e. a. dissolving 

, sm. a. dissolvent 

Dissoluble, 2. a. dissoluble 
Dissolument, ad. lewdly 
Dissolutif, ve. a. dissolvent; dis- 
Diaaolutipn, sf.—tion; lewdness 
Dissonance, dissonance 
Dissonant, e. a. discordant 
DisBOudre, va. to dissolve; melt 
Dissuader, va. to dissuade 
Dissuasion, sf. —sion 
Dissyllabe, sm. dissyllable 
— , 2. a. dissyllabical 
Distance, 5/. distance, interval 
Distant, e. a. remote 
Distention, sf. stretching 
Distillateur, sm. a distiller 
DistillaUon, sf. dtstaiing 
Distiller, vo. to distU; puxtle 

one*s brains 
Se — en larmes, vr. to melt into 

Distinct, e. a. distinct, clear 
Distinctement, ad. dieUnctly 
Distinctif, ve. a. distinctive 
Distinction, */. —tion, note 
Distinguer, va. to distinguish; 

to note 
Se distinguer, va. to*make one's 

self eminent 
Distique, sm. a distich 
Distorsion, */. ^tion 
Distraction, —tion, separation, 

i^sence of mind 
Distraire, va. to separate, to di- 
vert from; iHssuade; quit 
Distribuer, vr to distribute, di- 
Distributeur, sm. —buter [vide 



Distrihutif, ve.—butive 
Distribution, sf. — tion 
Distributrice, she who distributee 
District, sm. district; prednet 
Dit, saying, apophthegm 
Dithyramlie, dithyramb 
Dithyrambique, 2.a. ditkyrambie 
Diton, sm. second {in music) 
Divaguer, vn. to ramble; to * be 

Divan, sm. divan 

Divergent, e. a. gent 

Divers, e. a. diverse; many 
Diversement, ad. diversely 
Diversifier, va. to diversify,vary 
Diversion, sf. —sion 
DivecBit6, —sity,variety 
Divertir,'va. to divert; embeztle; 

recreate; convert 
Se — , vr. to*take one's pleasure, 

make merry or sport 
Divertissant, e. a. diverting, 

pleasant, entertaining 
Divertissement, sm. diversion; 

embeztlement; entertainment 

after a play 
Dividende, dividend 
Divin, e. a. divine 
Divinateur,sm. diviner;conjurer 
Divination, */. —tion 
Divincment, ad. divinely 
Diviniser, va. to deify 
Divinity, sf. divinity, deity 
Divis, sf. division, share 
Divlser, va. to divide; part; dis- 
Diviseur, sm. divider; divisor 
DivisibiUl6, sf. —lity 
Divisible, 2. a. divisible 
Division, sf. — sion, disunion 
Divorce, sm. divorce; variance 
Divorcer, va. to divorce; to send 

Diurdtique, 2. a. sm. diuretic ^ 
Diurnal, sm. daily prayer-book 
Diume, 2. a. diurnal 
Divulgation, sf. divulging 
Divulguer, va. to divulge 
Dix,2. a. ten 
Diz-huit, 2. a. eighteen 
Dix-httitieme, eighteenth 
Dixie me, 2. a. tenth 

, sm. tenth part 

— denier, 2*. in the pound 
Dixiemement, ad. temthly 



Diz-neuf, 3. «. iun€t$e» 
Dix-neuvidme, nnutemUk 
Diz-sept, seventeen 
DU-aepti^me, eeveiUeentk 
Dizain^ra. astanzaoftenvereee 
Dizaine, ef. ten; Otktng 
DIteau, em. shock; heap ef ten 

sheaves efcom 
Dizenier, a tithin£-vusn 
Docile, 2. a. docile; tractaUe 
Docilement, ad. docilely 
Docilitd, ^f. docility 
Docte, S. a. s. learned 
Doctement, ad. learnadlf 
Docteur, sm. a doctor 
— regent, a professor 
Doctoral, e. a. doctoral 
Doctoral, su. doctor's defree 
Doctorerie, sf. disptUatwn for 

the degree of a doctor ofdivinir 
Doctrinal, e. a. doctrinal [(y 
Doctrine, ef- doctrine^ tenets 
Document, ^. — in«nt; precmt 
Dodiner, va. to rock [»e{f 

Sedodiner, vo. to pamper one' e 
Dodo, sm. nurse's lullaby 
Dodu, e. a. plump; fat 
Dogat, sm. dignity ef a doge 
Doge, a doge, ckMf magistrate 

of Fenice 
DogmaAqfiB^em.dogmatical style 
Dogmatique, 8^ a. —tical 
Dogmatiquement, ad. ^-caUy 
Dogmatiaer, v«. to*teath magis- 

teriaUy; to dogmatise 
Dogmatiseur, sm. a dogmatiser 
Df^matiste, dogmatist 
Dogme, dogma, tenet 
Dogue, a maetiff 
Doeuin, e. s. whdp of a mastiff 
Doigt, sm. a. finger; daw; digit 

au pi6, a toe 

Dolgtier, sm. cover for fingers 
Dol,/raiuI, deceit [anee 

Dol^ance, sf. complaint; griev 
Dolemment, ad. moanfvUy 
Doleat, e. a. doleful; gueruloue 
Poierjvo. to plane 
Dx 4man, mi. a Turkish dress 
Doloire, sf. plane; truss; adze 
Tkm,sm. don; lord 
Dtnaaine, domain; demesne 
D<nnanial, e. a. of or belonging 

Ddme, tm* a etipola 


DoiiiMtlGit6,j/'.a« heiagaenmU 
Domestiqae, 8. a. domsstie; tame 
, MM. a domeslie ef a house 

or family; servant 
Domestiqqement, ad. eerviMy; 

Domiciie, sm. dwOimg-hemse; 

abode tplaee 

Se domicilier, «r. t» settle in a 
Dominant,e.a. reigning; ruling; 

predominant * 

Dominates, em. ruler, lord 
Dominaiioo, sf. dominien 
DomineT, vn* to rule; predomi- 
nate; command 
Dominicain, ««i. a Dominican, 

or mkito-friar 
Dominjcaine, sf, dominican nun 
Domino, em. short cloak 
Dominoteriet sf. p«gi>er-staining 
DominoUer, sm. paper-stainer 
Donunage, damage, loss 
Dommageatde, 2. a. damageable; 

Dom ptable, domtabtei 2. a. tamo- 

Dompter, domter, va» to subdue; 
to tame [ror 

Dompteur, domteur, sm. am^iie- 

DoiDt a gift, knack 

Donataire, s. donee 

Donateur, rice. s. a doner 

Donation, sf. grant; deed efgtft 

Done, c. ther^ore; then 

Dondon, sf. plump jolly 

Donjon, sm. a turret ' 

Donnant} ante. a. generoue (its 
chief UM ia with a negation) 
— il n*e8t pas donnant, he is 

Donne, sf. dealing at cards 

Donn^es, sf.pUaata 

Donner, va. to give, * to father 
on; * deal; engage 

Donneur, ee.«.a giveriin asUght 

Dont, pr. whereof; ef-tohem 

Donzelle, sf. a yowsg gentlewo- 
man {bu way ofrtiicule) 

Dorade, dorado, (a fisb) gik head 

Dordnavant, ad. henerforth 

Dorer,* gild 

Dorear, mi. ajnlder 

Dorien, a. s. Greek i 


Dorlqoe, a. s. Doric 
Dorloter, va. to fondle; . ^ _ 
Dormant, e.a.slseping, stagnant 
Dormeur, se. s. sleeper 
Dormeuse, sf. asedgn wtth a bed 

in; an easy chair 
Dormir,* slssp 

, sm. sleeping; sleep 

Dormitif, ve. a. eo^orifie 

Dortoir, «ir. dormitory 

Dorure, ef. gilding, waehing 

Doe, em. back; fidge 

Dos d'&ne, ehetoing en both sides 

Dose, sf. a dose 

Doese, plank; jUtch ef wood 

Do68eret,«ai. ahttlepilaeterjut' 

Dossier, back ef a seat or eoaeh; 

head board of a bed; fiU of 

law papere 
Dot, ^. a portion; dowry 
Dotal, e. a. «/ or pertasming to 

a dowry 
Doter, va. to endow, portion 
Douaire. em. jointure 
Douairiere, ^f. a dowager 
Douane, custom-house; duty 
Douanier, sm. a eustom-honsi 

Doutde, 3. a. doubU, deceit 

y em. two-fold, copy 

Doubleaa, ml. chief arch; joist 

Doublement, ad. doubly 

Doabier, va. to double; to Unci 


Doubiet,M^. /ai«e stons; doublets 

(at dice) 
Doablon, a doubloon 
Doublure, sf. alining; substitute 
Douce, a. /. sweet; mUd; easy; 

Douceatre, 52. a. sweetish 
Doucement, ad.eoftly; gently; 

pretty well ^ 
Doucereux, se. sweetish; preeise 
Dottcette, sf. a prim woman; 

Venue's looking-glass 
Doucet, te. a. s. tweeted 
J)o\iceuT,ef.sweetness; softness; 

mildruss; profit 
Douceurs, pi. sweet thing; JUO' 

tering expreseions 
Douclie, medical putnping 
Doucber, va. to pump one 
Doncine, sf. waved moulding 


Doaer,«a. to * make atetUemmU; 

Doaillage, am. stuff bailf wmmm 
Douille, «/. a socket 
Pouillet, te. a. soft; nice 

t'sm. a self -lover 

Douillettemenv ad, tenderlf '■ 
Doa^VLTj sf. pain; ache; nie[^i 
I>oal6afeiisement,tid. ^meveusly 
DookMireuT, ae. a. pmxfvd; sor- 

rewfid; tender 
Doate, sm. doubt; fear 
Douter, vn, to doubt; questian 
Se — , vr. to suspect 
Douteiitement, ad. dubiousljf 
Dooteaz, se. a. doubtful 
Douvain, sm. wood fit to make 

staves for casks . 
DoQve, sf. pipe-staff; sideboard 
Doax, a. m. Doace, a. f. sweet ; 

mild; easy; affable; soft; 

Douzaioe, sf. a dozen 
Douze, 2. a. twelve 
Doozidmement, ad. twdftklp 
Douzi^me, 3. a. twelflh 

^ sm. twelfth part 

Doyen, sm. dean, senior 
Doyenne, a deanry 
Drachme, dragme, sf. draehm 
Dracancule, a smauwonft 
DngkCj sf. sugas^lum; smaU 

Drageoir, sm. a eomfit'box •* 
Dr&geoB, a svjcker 
Drageonner,* shoot forth 

Drafon, sm. dragon; termagant; 

Dragonnade, ff. dragooning 
Dragonner, va to dragoon 
Drague, sf. grains; sa-nd-shovd 
Draguer, va. to search something 

tj^ lies under water 
Dramatique, S. a. dramatic 

, sm. dramatic poetry 

DramCf sm. a drama 
Drap, cloth^ySheet 

mortuaire, apaU 

Drapeaa, a pair of colours; a 

rag; a clout 
Draper, va. to hang with moum- 

tng; to miU stockings; to jeer; 

to * mak e doth [ry 

- Drapeiie, sf. cloth-trade; drape- 


Drapier, mi. a wasUei^-draper; 

Dr6clie, ef. malt 
Dr^ge, sort of net for turbots 
Prelin, sm. tingle 
Dregte, sf. a pteee ef Uathor to 

w^darlay a shoe 
Dreater,* make straight; 

raise; train up; direet 
Se^— , vr.ts* rtse. * stand up 
DresBoir, sm. a sideboard 
DriUe, a fellow; hard oak 
, sf. old rag to make paper 

, a borer, piercer 
Driller, vn. to scour am&g 
Driltter, sm. a coUsetor of old 

Drogman, interpreter 
Drogue, sf. a drug; a sorry com- 
modity; stuff 
Drogaer, va. to physic too miuch; 

give bad remedies 
Se— ,«r. to * take remedieo withr 

out proper care 
Droguerie, sf. drugs 
Droguet, sm. drugget 
Droguier, a virtuoso* s cabinet; 

Drogidflte, a druggist 
Droit, e. a. strait; right; just; 

upright; good; up 
— , sm, right; law; claim; fee; 

tax; equity; privilege 

— diyin, sm. dtvine law 

— naturel, law of nature 

— canon, canon law 

— civil, civil law 

— commun, common law 

— dea gens, law of nations 
Droit, ad. straight; directly 
Droite, sf. the right hand 

— (d*une ann^e) right wing 
Droitement, ad. uprightly; wise- 
ly ; sincerely; roundly 

Droitier, e. a. right-handed 
Droiture, •/. uprightness 

d'esprit, soundness ef rea- 

Dr61e, 2. a. droll; funny; eo- 

— dc corps, comietd or queer 

Drdle, sm. feUow 
Drdlement, ad. eomieatty 

DtTQ cr 

Artfeiie^. dtoUory^msrrftricfk 
Dr6lease, a wench 
Dromadaire, sm. dromedary 
Drouine, sf. a tinker* s bag 
Drouineur, mi. a tinker 
Dni, e. a. fledged; brisk; Oteft; 

pert; rank-close 
Druide, mi. a druid 
Dryade, sf. a dryad 
DO, Ml. due; duty 
Du, art. some, of the, from, from 

— moins, at least 
~ tout, at oH 

DCk. e. a. due, owing, owed; emgki 

Dubitation, sf. —tion 

Dubitative, a.f. —tive 

Due, sm. duke; hom-owl 

Ducal, e. a. ducal 

Ducale, sf. patent of the Vmub' 

tian state 
Ducat, Ml. ducat 
Ducaton, ducatoeu 
Ducli^. dutehy, dukedom 

— pairie, sf. dutehy, peordsm 
Ducbesse, sf. dutchess 
Ductile, 3. a. malleable 
Ductility, sf. maUeableness 
"" ■ ;fle, duenna, governess 

, sm. dud; also dual Mm- 

ber in Cfreek nouns 
DuelUste, a dudlist 
Duire, v. to fit, or please; irMn, 

up (old) 
Duit, e. a. trained tg^; instrueb' 

Dulcifier, va. to dulcorate 
Dulcin^e, sf. sweetheart 
Dulie, culte de dulie, mi. imt* 

ship of the saints 
Dflment, duemcnt, ad. duty 
Dunes, ef pi. downs 
Dunette, sf. poop {of a ah^) 
Duo, Ml. duet 

Dupe, sf. a dupe; bubble; KiMiy 
Duper. va. to dupe; to guU 
Duperie, ^f. fraud; cheat 
Duplicaia, mi. a duplicate 
Duplication, */. —tion 
Duplicity, —dty; double dsat- 

Duplique, rejoinder, dnpKeate 
DupUquer, va. to rejoin 
Duquel, pro. ef whom^ ofMUht 



Dur, 6k a. hard; frm; tough; 
harsh; stale; sad; cruel; 

— d'oreille, dull of hearing 

— 4 la deaserre, close-fisted 

— A la fatigue, hardened to fa- 

Dure-mdre, sf. dura mater 

Dure, ground, floor 

Durable, 2. a. lasting 

Duraine, sf. a sort of peach 

Durant, pr. during 

que, ad. whilst, when 

Durcir, va. to hardtn; to duU 

Be -^, w. to * grow hard 

Dur6e, sf. duration; continu- 

Durement, ad. hard; harsh; 

Durer, vn. to last; * hold out; 
* abide 

Duret, te. a. someurkat hard 

Duret^, sf. hardness; harshness; 
roughness; cruelty 

croreille, dulness of hearing 

(de style) roughness 

(de pinceau) stiffness 

Duret^g, pi. hard words 

Durillon, sm. callosity; hard skin 

Duriuseaie, 2. a. somewhat hard 

Duvet, sm. dovm; ease 

Duveteux, se. a. downy 

Duumvirat, sm. a magistracy 
among the Romans 

Duumvirs, «tii. pi. the name of 
some Roman magistrates 

Dynamique, sm. — mics 

Dynnste, sm. a petty sovereign 

Dynastie, sf dynasty 

DysBcntcric, bloody flux 

Dyssenterique, 2. a. sm. one af- 
flicted with the bloody flux 

Dysurle, sf. dysury; retention of 


EAU, sf. water: rain; wet, 
tears; gloss; juice 
Bau douce, fresh water 

— de mer, salt water 

— de fontaine, spring water 
- -de source, spring water 


Eau de puits, pump water 

— de riviere, river water 

— rose, rose water 

— (lustre,) water or gloss 

— de vie, aqua-viUe, brandy 
— <■ regale, agua regalis 

■ forte, aqua fortis 

■ d'arquebusade, arguebusade 

S'6bahir, vr. to * be amazed 
Ebahissement, sm. wondering 
Ebarber, va. to shave; barb 
Ebaroul, c. a." desiccated 
Ebat, Ehattement, sm. diversion 
8' 6 battre, vr. * make^ or be merry 
Ebauhi, e. amazed 
Ebauche, sf. a sketchy rough 

Ebauclier, v. sketch, rough hew 
Ebauchoir, sm. chisel, hatchet 
Ebaudir, va. dieer, * make merry 
Ebe, sf. ebb, low water 
Eb^e, ebony 
Eb^ner, * give wood the 

colour of ebony 
Ebenier, sm. an ebony tree 
Ebeniste, a cabinet-maker 
Eblouir, va. to dazzle 
Eblouissant, e. a. dazzling 
Eborgner, vn. to *put out an eye; 

to blind 
S'6bouffer de rire, to * burst in- 
to laughter (low) 
Ebouillir, vn. to overboil 
Eboulement, sm. falling down 

(of a building) 
Ebouler, vn. to * fall down 
Eboiilis, sm. rubbish 
Ebourgeonnenient, pruning 
Eb()urgeonner,va.(o^rune vines; 

Ebourgeoniteur, sm. apruner 
Eboutiff6, e. a. disordered with 

the wind 
Ebranchement, «m. lopping, 

rancher, va. to * lop off the 

Ebranler, va. to * shake; stagger 
S'— , vr. to move, * give way 
Ebrecher, va. to notch 
Ebrener, to dean a child 
£bri6t^, sf. drunkenness 


Ebrillade, j«r& wia the bridU 
S'^brouer, vr. to snort 
Ebruitcr, vn. to divulge 
S'— , vr. to * be talked of; to 

* take air 
Ebullition, sf. ebullition; blotch; 

Ecachement, sm. bruising 
Ecacher, va. to * crush; squash 
Ecaclicur d'or, sm. gold-beater 
Ecallle, sf. scale; shell 
Ecaili6, e. a. scaly 
Ecailler, v. to scale, unseals 
S'— , vr. to peel off 
EcaiUeur, sm. oyster-man' 
Ecailleux, se. a. scaly 
Ecale, sf. a shell of walnut^ ^c 
Ecalpr, va. to shell 
S' — , vr. to come off 
Ecarbouiller, va. to * crush; 

Ecarlate, sf scarlet 

— cramoisie, scarlet dyed in 

Ecarlatine. fievre ^carlatine, 

EcarquUlcinent, sm. spreading 

Ecarquiller les Jambes, vo. to 

Ecart, sm. ramble; cards laid out 
Ecarteld, e. a. quartered; quar- 
Ecarteler, va. to quarter 
Ecs^rter, to disperse ; * mislead ;- 

discard; avert; scatter 
S'6carter, vr. to ramble; swerve; 

to lose 
Eccl^piaste, sm. Kcclesia^tes 
Ecclesiastique, Eccleoiasticus 
-, chnrchman 
-, 2. a. ecclesiastic 
Eccl^eia^tiquement, ad. ecclesi- 
Ecervel6, e. a. hairbrained, 

Echafaud, sm. a scaffold . 
Echafnudage, scaffolding 
Echafaudef, vn. to sdbjfifld 
Echalas, sm. a prop for a vine; 

a pole 
Echalaasement, sm. propping 
Ecbalaaaer, va. to prop a vine 
Echalier, sm. a fence 
Ecbalote, «/. shalot^ scaHum 


Ecbancrcr, veuto* cut sloping 

Ecbancrure, sf. a slope 

Echaoge, sm, exchange; barter- 

Echanger, va. to exchange; bar- 
ter; * chop 

Echanson, sm. a cup-bearer 

Echansonnerie, »/. the king's 

Echantillon, sm, sample; pat- 

EctaaotiHoner, va. ezamijie by 
the standard; * cut out pat- 

Echappade, sf. mistake, slip 

Echappatoire, a come off; a 

Echapp^e, a prank 

de vue, a vista^ prospect 

Ecbapper, va, to escape; * let 
fall; * forget otWs self; * sUp 

Ecliarde, sf. splinter 

Echardoimer, va. to pull out the 

Echarpe, */. a scarf; a sling for 
the arm 

Echarper, va. to slash 

Ecbars, e. a. niggardly 

Echars (vents) shifting winds 

Echasses, pi. stilts; poles 

Ectaauboul^, e. a full of pimples 

Ecbauboulure, »f. a pimple 

Echaudd, sm. folding-stool; sim- 
nel; bun 

Ecbauder, va. to scald 

S'^cbauder, vr. to * bum one's 
fingers*by ill success in some 
affair; to smart 

Echaudoir, sm. scalding-house 

Ecbaufiaison,^/. an over-heating 

. one's self 

Ecbauffement, sm. heating ; 

Ecbaiifier, va, to heat; warm; 
stir up 

S'6chauftbr, over-heat one's 
self; ♦ grow angry; fume 

Echauffure, «/? red pimple 

Echaufibur^e, a rash enterprise; 
a baffle 

Echauguette, spying-place 

Ech^ance, expiration 

Ectaec, sm. cheek; loss; in awe 

— 4c mat, check-mate 

Echecs, sm. pi. chesa 


Echelctte, */. a little ladder 

Ecbelle, a ladder; scale; a 
trading seaport town in the 

de rubans, a stomacher of 


Echellon, sm. a ladder-step 

EcbeniUer, vn. to clear of cater- 

Echeveau, sm. a skein 

Echevel6, e. a. dishevelled 

Echevin, sm. a sheriff 

Ecbevinage, sheriffalty 

Ecliine, sf. chine; spine 

Echin^e, a chine {of pork) 

Echiner, va. to * break the head; 
to knock on the head 

Ecbiquetd, e. a. checkered 

Echiquier, sm. a chess-board; 

Ecbo, sm. an echo; a tool 

Ecbometre, a scale to measure 

Echoir, vn. to expire; *fall due; 
* fall out; happen 

Echoppe, */. stall; fiat graver^ 

Echouement, sm. running a- 

Echouer, vn. to * run aground; 
to miscarry 

Echu, o. a. expired; fallen out 

Eciraer, va. to * cut the top of a 

Kclaboiisser, to splash 

Eciaboussure, sf. the dirt or wa- 
ter one is splashed with 

Eclair, sm. lightning. Com- 

nie un 6clair, in a trice 

Eclaircir, va. to clear; clarify; 
thin; inform; unfold 

S'^claircir, vr. to * become dear; 
to inform one's self 

Eclaircissement, sm. explication; 

Eclair^, e. a. lightsome; know- 
ing; understanding 

Eclairer, va, to light; enlight- 
en; sparkle; watch 

, vn. to glitter; shine 

Eclanche, sf. a leg {of mutton) 

Eclat, sm. pomp; lustre; splen- 
dour ; brightness; clap, up- 
roar; burst; noise 

Eclatant, e. a. shining; bright; 



Eclater, vn. to burst; crack; 

shiver; to exclaim; glitter 
Eclipse, sf. eclipse 
Eclipser, va. to eclipse 
S'6clipser, vr. to vanish away; 

to * be eclipsed 
Faire Eclipser, to eclipse; to help 

to make one's escape 
Ecliptique, sf. the ecUptie 
Eclisse, splint; cheese-vat; sida 

of a /utc, i$c. 
Eclisser, va. to splint 
Eclopp^, e. a. lame 
Eclorre, va. to ♦ be hatched; 

* blow; peep; come to light 
Ecluse, sf. a sluice; dam 
Eclus6e, sluice full of water 
Ecoiaue, sm. professor in divi- 


Ecoie, sf. a school, college 

Ecoiier, e. s. a scholar 

Econduire, va. refuse; shift off 

Economat, stewardship 

Econome, 2. a. s. saving; a 
steward; housekeeper 

Economie, sf. economy, order 

Economique, 2. a. economical 

, sm. economics 

Economiquement, ad. frugally 

Economiser, va. to use sparing- 
ly; to manage well 

Ecorce, */. bark; shell; peel; 

Ecorcer, va. to peel 

Ecorcher, va. to fiay; to gall; to 
exact updn 

3'6corcher, * tear off one's skin; 

* be galled 

Ecarcherie, */. slaughter-house; 

exorbitant demand [tioner 
Ecorcbcur, sm. a flayer; extor- 
Ecorcbure, sf. excoriation 
Ecore, a steep shore 
Ecorner, va. to * break the horns, 

curtail; * break the comers of 

a thing 
Ecornifler, to spunks 
Ecorniflerie, sf. spunging 
Ecornifleur, se. s. spunger 
Ecosse, sf. shdl; pod; Scotland 
Ecosser, shell 
Ecosseur, se. s. he, or she who 

are shelling 
Ecot, sm. scot; cluh; company; 




Eooimne, ef. nmUrfiU 
Ecouaner, va. to file off gold or 

oilvor to its standard 
£c»ufle, 0111. a hawk; Into 
Mcouieaudntf flowing; iUapao 
Ecouler, va. to * run, ot flow 

8*6coaler, or. to * olido away 
Econigeon, of. a speciot of bar- 
Eooarter, vo. to * crop 
Ecoatant, e. a. a. koarer 
Ecoat6, of. a prioaU plaeo for 

Ecooter, va, to hear, Uotom; to 

Ecouteiir, sm. a listener 
Ecouteuz, a. skittish 
Eooutille, ef. seuttU, hatch 
Eooav^le, a brush 
ficoavinoa, sm, mop; drag 
EcoavtUonner, va. toswo^ with 

a drag 
Ecran, sm. a screen 
Ecraaement, crushing 
Ecraaeri va. to crush; spuuh; 

Ecrdraer, to ekim milk 
Ecrevisae, of. erawflsh; lobster; 

tA« sign Canur 
B*^crier, vr, cry out; exclaim 
Ecrin, sm. a jewel-box 
Ecrire, va. to * write 
Ecrit, sm. a writing, work 
Ecriteau, bUl; sign; title 
Ecritoire, sf. an inkstand . 
•— — de table, standish 
Ecriture, writing, scripture 
— Sainte, the BtbU 
Ecrivain, sm, a writer; purser 

of a skip 
Ecrou, nut of a screw 

, gaoler's book 

Ecroaelles, the\ing*s evil 
Ecrouer, va. to enter tnto the 

gaoler* s book;deUver by seroUs 
Ecrouir, va, to cold-beat metals 
Ecroui88ement,«m.t^ cold-beat- 

ing of metals 

Eeroaler, vn. to * shake down 
S'6crouler, vr, to *faU doutn, to 

* give wajf 
Eoroutor, va. to * out eff the 



Ecru, e. a, raw {of oilk and 

Ecu, MM. shield; escutcheon; 

crown piece 
Ecabten, sm. pU hawsers 
Bcueil, a rock; sands; shelf 
Ecuelle, sf, a porringer 
EcueU^e, a porringer fuU 
Ecuto, va, to* tread down at 

Eciime, of. sfMm, froth, foam, 

Ecumer, vo. to foam; okim 
Ecumer lea men, to infest the 

Ecumeur de mer, sm, a pirate 

de mannite, a spung-er 

Ecomeux, se. a, frothy 
Ecumoire, sf. a skimmer 
Ecurer, va, to seour^ cleanse 
EcureoU, sm. a oquirrd 
Ecureur, a scavenger 
Ecureuse, sf. a char-woman 
Ecurie, stable; equipage 
EcuasoD, sm, an fiscutcheon 
"Ea^ffooxauss, va, to ingraft 
Ecuaaonnoir, sm. grt^fting-knife 
Ecuyer, esquire; gentleman of 
the horse; riding-master; gen- 
tleman usher; equerry; groom 
Ecuyer tranchant, a carver 
Edent^, e. a, toothless 
Edenter, va. to* break a tooth, 

notch, ^e, 
Edifiant, e. a, edifying 
Edificateur, am, a builder 
Edification, sf. —Hon; improve- 
ment; edSfying 
Edifice, om, office; building; 

Edifier, va, to edify; improve; 

Edile, Ml. edile 
Edilit^, sf. office of an edile 
Edit, om. edia, ordinance 
Editeur, an editor 
Edition, sf. edition, impression 
Edredon, sm. fine down [tion 
Education, sf. — tion; instrue- 
Edalcoration, ^eetening 
Edulcorer, va, to oweeten 
Eflkcable, 2. a. that may be ef- 
Effiicer, va, to tfface; strike out; 
deface; blot out 


EfiSi^iure, •/. blot; dash; erooo 
Effkr6, e. a, oacredi aghast 
S'^fiarer, vr,to* be seared 
Effkroucber, va, to fright; to 

disgust; to startle 
S*efiaroucIier, vr. to *grow wild 

Efikufiler, va, to basU; U * 

draw a ihreai 
S'^fiTauflter, vr. to vmraoel; to 

* drop a stiteh 

EfiSsclif, ye, a, —tive, effectual 
Efiectivement, ad, reaUy 
EflTectcur, vo. to ^ect, perform 
EfRudaA, e. a, effeminate 
EfiTeminer, va. to effeminato 
Efierreacence, sf. ebuUition 
ESbt, «iii. ^ect; deed; execU' 

tion; design; product 
EiSsuiUer, va, to * str^ eff 

Efficace, 2. a. ^aeious 
— sf. efficacy, force 
Efficacement, ad. ^ectuaUy 
Efficacit6, of. influence, virtue 
Efficient, e. a. efficient 
Effigie, ef. effigy, likeness 
Efilgier, va, to execute in ^Rgy 
^^,sm. fringe 
Effii6, e. a. slender; unwovon 
EflUer, va, to untfsave; unravel 
Effiloeher, va. to drOw threado 
Efflanqu^, to * make lean 
Effleurer, to glance on 
Eflbndrer, va. to * break into; 

* draw a fowl; * sink 
S'effondrer, vr. to sink down 
Effondifllea, ^f. pi. groundo; 

S'efibrcer, vr, to * strive; to 

* do one's endeavours 
Effort, sm, ^ort, aUempt, on 

Efiraction, sf, burglary 
Efirayant, e. a. frightful 
Effrayei, vo. to frighten; scare 
Effr6n6, e. a, unruly 
EfiTriter une terre, to exhaust « 

mFni^ sm, fright; terror 
Eifroni6, e. a. shameless 
——, e. *. brazen face 
Effront^ment, ad. impudently 
Eflirontorie, of. effrontery; im. 



Effioyable, 2. a. frightfid; hi- 
deous [kerriblf 
Effrovableineiit, ad. frightfully; 
Effiuaoo, «/. effusion; overJle»- 


f e. a. $. equal; even 
element, ad. equally; alike 
EgaJer, va. equal; * make even, 

eomptare; match 
S*6galer, or. to eomfore one's 
self [equ€U 

^gahgation> «/. maJtiii0 shares 
Eialiaer, va. to equaliu 
£gaUti6, sf. equality; evennesSt 

rights of man 
Egard, sm, regard^ respect 
Egart, e. a. loandcring^ vild 
f^rement, sm. going out of the 

way, wandering, Mistake 
Egarer, va. to* mislead; to mis- 
lay a thing 
S'^garer, va. to lose one^s way; 

to wander 
Egayer, va. to enliveu; ngoice 
Egide, sf. Jupiter's shield; mgis 
£glantier, sm. eglantine; sweet- 
Eglantine, sf. wild rose 
Eglise, a church; religion 
Eglo^e, an ecloffue 
Egoiser, va. to egotiie 
^oisme, sm. egotism 
Egoiste, 2. s. an egotist 
Egoi^er, va. to * cut the throat; 

to slaughter 
6*6g08iller, vr. to * make one's 

throat sore by vociferation 
Egout, sm. running of waters; 
common sewer; sink; house- 
Egoutter, vn. to drain 
S*6gouUc!r, vr. to drain 
Egouttoir, sm. a drainer 
^ratigner, va. to scratch 
Egratigneur, se. s. seratcher; 

Egratignure, sf. a scratch 
Egraviilonner, va. to ungravd 
Egrener, to * shake out the grain 
Egrillard, c. a. sprightly; met- 
tlesome; pert; wanton 
Egrtscr, va. to * ^rind diamonds 
Egiisojr, sm. a box for grinding 

Egrageoir, a mortar 


Egragtr, VA, to grate, scrape 
Egrugeure, sf. graUng 
Egueuler, va. to * break the gul- 
let of a pot, ^. 

Ehancli6, e. a. hipshot 
Ehont^, e. shameless 
Ehoaper, va.te* cut ths top of 

a tree 
EjaculaUon, sf. —Hon 
EjacttlateuTi sm. —latot 
Eiaculatoire, 2. a. -^latory 
Elaboration, sf. —Hon 
Elabour6, e. a. wrought, done 
Eiaguer, va. to * lop, to prune 
Elan, ma. an elk 
Elancement, pun^eneu ; shoot- 
ing of a pain; ejaculation 
Eiancer, va. to rush upon; shoot 

Elan, sm. jerk, leap, rapture 
Elarglr, va. to widen; release; 

Elaiigiasement, sm. enlargement; 

Elaigiasure, «/. widening piece 
Elasticity, —city 
£la8tique,2. a. elastic 
Electeur, sm. an elector 
Electlf, ve. a. elective 
Election, sf — tion, choice 
Electoral, e. —ral 
Electorat, sm. — rate;elector8hip 
Elecrrice, sf. electoress 
Electricity, —city 
Electrique, 2. a. electric 
Electriser, va. to electrify 
Electuaire, sm. an electuary 
El^gainment, ad. elegantly 
Elegance, sf. elegance 
Elegant, e. a. elegant, fine 
El^giaque, 2. a. elegiac 
Elegie, sf. aa eUgy 
Element, sm. element 
El^mentaire, 2. o. —tary 
Ele pliant, sm. an elephant 
Ele vation,^/. rising ground;pre- 
ferment; front view; exalta- 
tion; height 
El^vatoire, sm. elevator 
Eleve, a pupil; disciple 
Elev6, e. a. bred, edtmated to raise; extUt; pre- 
fer; * bring up; extol; * puff up 



B'^lever, vr. to * rtse, arise; 

* bear off; raise; * grow proud 
Elevure, sf. pimple; blister 
Elider, va. to * make an dision 
Eligibility, sf. —lity 
Eli^hle,i. a. eligible 
S'^fimer,* wear out 
Elire, va. to Oect, * choose 
Elision, sf. elision 

Elite, choice; best part 
Elixir, sm. elixir 
Elle, pro. f. she, her; it 
Elles, they, them 
Ell^bore, sm. hellebore 
Ellipse, sf. eUipsis 
Elliptique, 2. a. —tieal 
Elocution, sf. —tion; styl 
Eloge, sm. elogy, praise 
Elopiite, dogist 
Eloign^, e. a. removed, distant 
Eioignement, «m. removal; a^ 

sence; distance; aversion; es" 

Eloi^er, va. to remove; delan; 

alienate; estrange; * witAhold 
S'61oignier, vr. remove; * for- 

sake; fail 
S' de son devoir, to * bo 

wanting in one's duty 
S' de son sujet, to rqmbla 

from one'e subject 
Elongation, sf, —tion 
Eloquemment, ad. eloquently 
Eloquence, sf. eloquence 
Eloquent, e. a. eloquent 
Elu, e. a. elected; chosen 
Elucidation, sf.—tion; exposi' 

Eluder, va. to elude; frustrate 
Elysee, sm. elysium 
Cliamps elys^es, dlysiens, ely- 

sian, happy fields 
Email, sm. enamel 
Emailler, v%. to enamel 
Emailleur, sm. anenameller 
Emaillure, sf. enamelling 
Emanation,t«sttzn^/rom, illapss 
Emancipation, —tion 
Emanciiier, va. to emancipate; 

* to set free 
S*emanciper, vr. to * take too 

much liberty 
Emaner, va. to emanate; topro" 

ceed from; issue 
Emasculation, sf. • 



Emasculer, va. to emasculate 
Emaux, sm. colours ^ enamels 
Embabouiner, va. to inveigle 
Emballage, sm. packing up; 

packer" s fee 
Emballer, va. * pack up; banter 
Embalieur, sm. packer; roman- 
Embargo, an embargo 
< Embarquement, embarkation ; 
Embarquer, vd' to embark; to 

Embarras, sm. eTnbarrassment; 

impediment; trouble; crowd 
Embarras d'esprit, perplexity of 

£mbarras3ant, e. a. troublesome; 

Embarrasser, va. to embarrass; 

encumber; perplex 
S' — , vr. to * be at a stand; en- 
tangle one's self; * bepuzzled 
Embarrill6, e. a. barrelled up 
Embater, va. to * put on a pack- 
saddle; Co tease 
Embauchage, sm. hiring; decoy- 
Embaucher, va. to hire; decoy 
Embaucheur, sm. a recruiter 
Embaumement, embalming 
Embaumcr, va. to embalm; per- 
Enib6guiner, muffle up 
S'omb6^incr, vr. to* be infa- 
tuated with 
Embellir, va. to embellish; adorn; 

* set off 
— , vn. to * grow handsome 
Embeliissement, sm. embellish- 
S*emberlucoquer, va. to * be 
fondly taken up with a thing; 
blind one's self 
Embesogn6, e. a. busy 
Einbiaver, va. * sow with com 
Emblavure, sf. a piece of land 

sown ioith com 
Embl^matique, 3. a. —tical 
Embl6me, sm. an emblem 
Embler, va. to * steals purloin 
Emboire, to soak in 
Emboiser, to coax, gull, decoy 
Emboiaeur, se. s. a coaxer 
£mboitement, sm. jointing 


Emboiter, va. to joint; * aU in, 

put in a box 
Emboiture, sf. a joint 
Embonpoint, sm. a good case 
Embordurer, va. to frame 
Embouchement, sm. mouthing 
Emboucher, va. to bit a horse; 

* give one his.eue 

S 'emboucher, vr. to discharge 

(as a river) 
E^boucboii, sm. a boot-tree 
Embouchure, */; river's mouth; 

bit; mouthpiece; socket 
^mbouer, va. to dirty with mud 
Embouquer,va. to enter a strait; 

to * begin 
Embourb^, e. a. mired 
Embourber, va. to * put into the 

mire, or mud 
S'— , va.* be mired; to entangle; 

* sink; pester 
Embourer, va. to stuff 
Embourrure, */. stuffing 
Emboursement, sm. pocketing 
Embourser, va. to pocket up 
Embrasement, fwn. confiagra- 

tion; commotion 

Embraser, va. to * set on fire; 

S'— , vr. * take fire; * bum 

Embrassade, sf. embrace; hug 

Embrasaement, sm. embrace 

Embrasser, va. to embrace; com- 
prehend; encompass 

Embrasure, sf. embrasure; port- 
holes; chamfretting 

Embrener, va. to foul; to dirty 

Embilon, sm. embryo 

Embrocation, */. — fion 

EmbTocher, va. to spit 

Embrouillemeut, sm. confusion; 

Embrouiller, va. to perplex; to 

Embruin^, e. a. blasted; spoiled 

Embrum^, e. a. foggy 

Embuche, sf. ambush; snares 

Embuscade, ambuscade 

S'embusquer, vr. * liein ambush 

Emender, va. to amend 

Emeraude, sf. emerald 

Emergent, a. emergent 

Emeri, sm. emery 

Em^rillon, merlin 

Emeiillonn^, e. sprightly; merry 


Em6rite, «. a. who has served kit 

Emersion, */. em^sion 
S'^merveiller, vr. to wonder 
Em6tique, 2. a. emetic 
Emeute, sf. uproar; commotion 
Emeutir, vn. to mute; to dung 
Emier, va. to crumble 
Emietter, va. to crumble bread 
Emigration, sf. — tion 
Emigre, e. a. emigrated 
Emigrer, vn. to emigrate; * leav4 

one*s country 
Emincer,* cut thuiTier ' 
Eminemment, ad. eminently 
Eminence, sf. eminence; hillock 
Eminent, e. a. eminent; immt- 

nent; high; lofty 
Eminentissime, 2. a. most emi- 
Emir, sm. emir 
Emissaire, emissary, spy 
Emission, sf. ejection; emission 
Emmagasiner, va. to store 
Emmailloter, to swathe 
Emmancher, to haft; helve 
Emmancheur, sm. a hafter 
Emmantel6, e. a. covered with « 

Emmantei^e, (comeille) sf. a 

Emmarin^, e. a. hardened in 

Emmariner, va. to man a ship 
Emm^nagement, sm. the fur- 
nishing of a house 
S'emm^nager, vr. to provide 

onh"s self with furniture 
Emmener, va. to carry away; to 

* lead 
Emmenoter, to handcuff 
Emmieiler, to sweeten withho' 

ney, flatter 
Emmiellure, sf. ointment for 

Emmitoufler, va. to muffle up 
Emmortaiser, to mortise 
Emmuseler, to muzzle 
Emoi, sm. trouble, anxiety 
Emollient, e. a. emollient • 
Emolument, sm. emolument 
Emolumenter,.ou. to gain 
Emonctoire, sm. cmunctory 
'Emonder, va. to prune, * lop 
Emondea, sf. branches lopped 

£MP , 

BiiMinde, dwng of birds of prey 
EmoCkm, emotion; iiuurrection 
Smotter, va. to break clods 
Emoucber, va, to * rid of flies 
£iDOUChet, sm. musket-hawk 
Bmoucbette, sf. a horso-cloth to 

* keep off the flies 

Emoucheur, sm. a fly-driver 

Emouchoir, fly-flap 

Kmoudre,* grind (.knives, 

Emouleur, sm. a grinder 
Emoiuser, va. to blunt; dull 
Emoavoir, to move; affect; ex- 
cite; stir up; start 
Empaillear, se. s. chair-mender 
Empailler, tua. to * put in, ox fill 

with straw 
Empalement, sm. impaling 
Empaler, va. to impale 
Empan, sm. a span 
Empanactier, vn. to adorn with 

Empaqueter, to * make into a 

bundle; to * pack up 
S'emparer, vr. to seize; invade 
Empaame, sm/ perfume • 
EjBp&tement, base of wall 
Emp&ter, va. to * make gluish; 

to join together 
£fn|«,tiire, sf. joining together 
Empaomer, va. grasp, wheedle 
EmpAchement, sm. hrnderanfc; 

obstacle; impediment 
EmpScher, va. to hinder; pre- 
vent; disturb; stop 
B'emp6cher, va. to * forbear 
Empeigne, sf. the upper feather 

of a shoe; a vamp 
Empennelle, a little anchor 
Empenner, va. to feather - 
Empereur, sm. an emperor 
Einpesage, starching 
Empeser, va. to starch 
Empeaeur, se. s. a starcher 
Empester, va. to infect 
Emp6Crer, to entangle; engage 
Emphase, ^. emphasis, energy 
Emphatique, 2. a. —tical 
Emphatiquement, ad. —tically 
Empbyt^uee, sf. a long lease 
Empbyt^ote, ou Emphyteutaire, 
s. he, or she who enjoys a long 
Empi^ter, va, to encroach 


Empiffrement, sm. gtMling 
Euipiffrer, vo. to gnttle, cram 
Empiffrerie, ef. cramming 
Emptier, va. to pile up 
Empire, sm. empire; command; 

sway; power 
Empirer, va. to * make worse 

, vn. to * grow worse 

Empirique, 3. a. —rical 
Emplrisme, sm. empiricism 
Emplacement, state ; seat ; 

ground; place 
Empl&tre, */. a plaster 
Emplette, a bargain; purchase 
Emplir, va. to fill fill up 
Emploi, sm, use made of any 

thing; employment; office 
Employer, va. to use, to employ 
S'employer, vr. to apply one's 
self; use one*s interest i 

EmpLumer,va. to feather; to peii 

(a spinnet. Sec.) 
-Empocher, to pocket vp 
Empoigner, to gripe, grasp 
Empois, sml starch diluted 
Empoiaonnement, poisoning 
Empoisonncr, va. to poison; to 
infect; to put an ill construc- 
tion upon y 
Empoisomieur, se. s. poisoner 
Empoisser, va. to pitch over 
Empoissonnement, sm. stocking 

a pond withjish 
Empoissonner, va. to stock a 

pond with fish 
Eniport^, e. a. s. passionate; 

Emportement, sm. passion 
EmpoTte-fA&ce,nipping-tool; bit- 
ter jest 
Emporter, va. to carry away; 
excel; prevail; obtain; * take 

— la balance, to prevail; turn 
the scale 

— une place, to * take a town 

— de haute lute, to carry one's 
point with a high hand 

S'emporter, va. to * fly into a 

Empoter, va. to pot; enclose in 

pots of earth 
Empourpre, e. a. bloody 
Empreindre, va. to imj^int 
Emiaeinte^sf.impresston; stamp 



EmpreeeA, e. a. eager; tn haste 
Emprcssement, sm. eagerness^ 

earnestness, haste 
S*empreaser, vr. to * be eager 
Eniprisonnement, sm. impri' 

Emprisonner, va. to imprison 
Emprunt, sm. borrowing 
Emprunter, va. to borrow 
Emprunteur, se. s. boi rower 
Empuantir, va. to cause an ill 

Empuantlssement, «m. stench 
Empyr^e, a. empyreal 
Emu, e. a. moved; angry 
Emulateur, sm. a rival 
Emulation, sf. emulation 
Bmule, sm. rival competitor 
Emuigent, e. a. emulgent 
Emulsion, sf. emulsion 
En, pr. in, into, for, by; of; like 

— Je vous parle en ami, I speak 
to you like a friend 

— avant, ad. forward 

— tant que, as 

— haut, above 

— baa, below; down 

— suite, afterwards 
Enfin, at length 
,En, pro. of him, of her, of them; 

of it, on it; for it, at it, to tt, 

it, any, some 
Encadrement, sm. the putting in 

a frame 
Encadrer, va. tb *put in a frame 
Encager, to cage, to * lay by the 

Encaiasement, sm. putting in 

Encairaer, va. to * pack up; 

Encan, sm. public sale, auction 
S'encannailler, vr. to * keep low 

S'encapuchonner, vr. to cover 

one's head with a hood 
Encaquer, va. to barrel up 
Encastelurc, sf. the being hoof' 

Eiicaatrement, sm. setting into 

a groove 
Encastrer, va. to fit; set into a 

Encaveuiont, sm. lowering intq 

a cellar 



Encaver, ««.(•* put in a eeUar 
Encaveur, sm, a wine porter 
Enceindre, vo. to enclose 
Enceinte, *f. endoewrei etrewn- 

ference; compose 
Enceinte, a. toith child 
Encens, em. ineenee; praiee 

de terre, ground pine 

Encenaement, censing; perfum- 

Enceneer, o. to cense; toprauc 
Encenaeur, sm, ajlatterer 
Encenaoir, a censer 
Enchainement, connexion 
Enchainer, va. chain; connect 
EncliaiDure, «/. cAoin, links 
Enchantement, sm.enGhantiment; 

charm; wonder 
Enchanter, vo. to enchant; 

charm; to delight 
EnclianteresBe, sf. eorcereee; a 

Enchanteur, sm. a magician 
Enctiaperonner, vo. to hood a 

Ench&aser, to enchase 
Ench&BBure, sf. enchasing 
Enchdre, auction^ otitbiddxng 
Ench^rir, va. to outbid; excel; 

raiee the price of 
Encb^rir, vn. to raiee in price 
Encb^rLnement, mi. rising in 

Euch^risseor, outbidder 
Enclievdtrcr, va. to halter 
S'enchevdtrer, vr. to entangle 

one's self in a difficulty 
Enchev^trure, sf. excoriation; 

Enchifren^, e. a. whose head is 

stopped with rheum 
Enchifrenement, sm. stoppage 

in the head 
Encbifrcner, va. to stvff one's 

head or nose 
Encirer, va. to wax over 
Enclave, sf. a boundary 
Enclavement, sm. bounding 
Enclaver, va. to enclose; mor- 
Enclin, e. a. inelincd^prone^ apt^ 

£ncl6itrer, va. to cloister up; 

Enclorro, to enclose 


Encl<M, sm. an enOontre 
Enclouer, va. to nail up 
Encloure, sf. pricking a horse's 

foot; a difficulty 
Enciume, an anvil 
Encocher, va. to notch 
Encoffrer, to* lay up in a trunk 
Encognare, sf. corner^ angle 
Encolure, the chest of a horse; 

looks; mien 
Encombre, sm. cumker of a ship 
Encombrement, incuvUfering 
Enconibrer, va. to incumber 
Enoontre, sf. luek^ chance 
Encore, ad. ye<; again; even; 

besides; stall; also; more 
Encore que, c. although; though 
Encoine, e. a. homed 

Encourager, va. to encourage 
Encoarir, vn. to incur 
Encraaser, to daub; to soil 
S'encraseer, vr. to grow durty^ 

or rusty 
Encre, sf. ink 
Encrier, sm. an inkhom 
S'encuirasser, vr. to*grow rusty 
Encuvement, sm. putting into 

Encuver,* put into a tuk 
Encyclop^die, sf. encyclopedia 
Encydop^dique, 2. a. -~&col 
Endent^, e. a. indented 
S'endetter, vr. to * run in debt 
Endftvd, e. a. m^id 
End^ver, vn. to* be mad 
Endiabl6, e. a. devilish; mad; 

S'endimancher, vr. to* put on 

Sunday clothes 
Endive, sf. endive 
Endoctriner, va. to instruct 
Endommager, e)g4amage, hurt 
Endormeur, sm. a wheedler 
Endormir, va. to lull asleq^; to 

coax; benumb 
S'endormir, vr. to * fell asleep; , 

• be sleepy 
Endormissement, sm. drowsi- 
ness; numbness 
Endosse, sf. troublCy toil 
Endossement, sm. endorsement 
Endoflser, va. to endorse; * put 

EndoeseuT} sm. an endoreer 


Endfoit, a place; a Ht; tit 

right side of a stuff; part 
Enduire, sf.* do over 
Endiiit, em. plastering 
Endurant, e. a. patient 
Endtticir, va. to harden; inure 
Endorciasement, mi. hardness of 
heart [• *««r 

Endurer, va. to endure; ouffer; 
En6ide, ef. Eneid (a poem) 
Energie, energy^ force 
Eneigique, 2. a. energieal 
Energiquement, ad. —gieaUy 
EneiguiDdne, s. a demoniac 
Enerver, va. to enervate; weaken 
Enfaitement, sm. lead-eovering 
Enfaiter, va. to cover a house 
Enfance,irf. infancy; chUditkr 

Enfant, s. chOd; infant 

— de choBur, singing boy 

— trouv^, a foundling 

— & le mamelie, a sucking 
chUdt a baby 

Enfans de France, the f^reneh 

king's children 
Enfans perdua, forlorn hope 
Enfantement, sm.bringing forth 

a child; delivery 
Enfanter, va. to * bring forth 
Enfantiliage, sm. childuhntss 
Enfantin, e. a. childish 
Enfarin^, e. prepossessed; «»- 

thiiM,ng '^ 

Enfariner, va. to * make wkita 

with meal or with powder 
Enfer, sm. hell; a chymical oe» 

itl ta calcinate mercury 
Enfers, the hell of the hea- 
Enfermer, va. to * shut; to e»- 

close; comprehend 
Enferrer, va. to * run through 
S'—, vr. to * hurt one's sUf t»> 

Enfeu, sm. a burying vauU 
Enficeler, va. tie close with a 

Enfilade, sf. a ran^e of cAam' 

bers; a lengy instpid speech 
Enfiler, va. to thread; * string; 

*eo through; * run through 
Enna, ad. in fine; at last 
Enflamnier, va. to if^fiamsi *s€t 

in afiame^ * catch fir§ 


, sf. pL ratUmra 
Ebfler, v, to * »weU, * puff up ' 
Enflure, sf. atoeUing pritU 

de atiie, bombast 

Enfoneemeat, mi. bottom; sole; 

bremkim£ opeu; sinkinr 
Eofone^, e. a. immersed; sunk 
Enfoneer,oa. to* break open; 

to*tMruotin; to * sink; rout 
S'enfimcer, vr. to plunge one's 

sslf wTkolfy into; to * sink 
BnfiHieear, mi. one that breaks 

Enfiro^iue, sf. boarded bottom 

of a bedstead; akoUow 
Sdbrcir, ««. to strengthen; to 

gather strength 
Eafoalrfto * hide in the ground 
Eafoiircher, to beetride 
Enfimmer, to * put m the oeen 
Eofreindre, U infringe 
Bnfrelnie, sf. infraction 
8*enfroquer, vr. to turn monk 
B*eiifttU', * nan away; leak out 
Eitfuiiier, va. to besmoke 
Engageant, e. a. engaging; ol- 

Engageantes, sf. pi. women's 

Engagement, sm. — ment; mort- 
gage; enlisting ' 
Engager, va. to induce; enlist; ^ 

mortgage; engage; pawn 
S'engager, vr. enlist; hire one's 

self; * run in debt; engage 
Engagiste, sm. a mortgagee of 

the king's demesnes 
E^Sainer, va. to * sheath 
Bngeance, sf. breed; spaton 
Engelare, jMlbkun 
Engendrer, va. to engender; 

prodMce; * beget 
Enger, to encumber; pester 
Engerber, * bindup into sheaves 
Engin, sm. an engine; tool 
Ehglober,.«a. lo unite; * mix 
Engloutir, to swallow up; squan- 
der awaiy 
Engtuer, to daub with birdlime 
Engoneer, to cramp; eor^ne; 

EngcMgement, sm. being choked 
upf obstruction * 

Engorger, va. to choke up; ob- 


Engoaement, mi. choking; inr 

fatutUion; fondness 
S'engouer, vr. to choke one's 

self; to* be infatuated 
S'engrouffirer, to * be ingulfed 
Ei^uler, va. to gobble up 
Engourdir, to benumb; to dull 
EagourdJs8einent,Mi. numbnees, 

Engrais, pasture; manure; com- 

post; fattening 
Engraiaaer, va. to fatten, ma- 
nure, cram; marl 
Engranger, to tun, * get in 
Engraver, to * run aground 
Engrfilare, ef, bordier; edging; 

Engrenage, mi. the disposition 
^several wheelo wlbidb * catch 
one another 
Engrener, va. to catch 
— , va. *put the com in themiUr 

hopper; * feed with com 
EngrosB^e, a. /. got with child 
Engroawr, va. * get with child 
S'engrumeler, ««. to clod, to co- 
Eobardir, va. to embolden, en- 



S'enhardir,* grow bold 
Enharaacbement, mi. hamees- 

ing; strapping 
Enharnacber, va. to harness 
En baut, ad. above;.up etaire 
Enbaz6, e. a. busy to no purpose 
Enbuiler, va. to oU 
Entvrft, e. a. drunk; U^f actuated; 

Enivrement, sm. fuddling; in- 
Enivrer, vm to * make drunk; 

d'enivrer, vr. to get drunk; to 

intoxicate one's self 
EnjamMe, sf. astride 
Enjambement, em. running of 

a veree 
Enj amber, v. to * stride; pro- 
ject; encroach 
Enjaveler, va. to * bind into 

Enjeu, sm. a stake (at play) 
Enigmatique, 3. a. enigmatical 
Eoigmatiqaement, ad. —ticaUy 
Enjgme, •/. enigma; riddle 

EiOcrfndre, va. to enjoin, charga 
Enjdier, to wheedle; cajole 
Enjdleur, le. e. a wheetUer 
EnjolivementfMi. embellishment 
Enjoliver, va. embellish; *9fitoff 
Enioiiveur, mi. setur off 
Enjou^, e. a. cheerful, ga^ 
Eojouement, mi. cheerfulness, 

sprightliness, gaytty 
Eiijoaer, va. to * make merry 
Enlacement, mi. eatangUng 
Enlaoer, va. to entangle; *strikg 
EnJaidir, v. to * make ugly; to 

* grow ugly 
Enlaidisaement, em.fhe growing 

vement, a carrying off; a 
Enlever, lift up; carry off; 

charm; engross; * take off 
Enlevure, sf. pustule, blister, 

Enluminer, va. to colour 
Enlumineur, mi. a map otprinb' 

Enlumlnure, sf. colouring maps 

or prints 
Enneml, enemy; foe; 

— , e. a. unfriendly, hostile 
EnnobUr, va. to ennoble 
Ennul,M». tediousnes8;vexatloni 

lassitude; heaviness 
Ennuyer, va. to weary, tire 
""— , vr. * be weary, or tired; to 

* be low-spirited 
Ennuyeusement, ad. tediously 
Ennuyeux, se. a. s. wearisome; 

tiresome; tpdious 
EnoDC^, (un simple, un faux,) 

an assertion without proof, a 

false proof 
Enoncer, va. to express; declare 
9'6noncer,vr.toexpress one'eself 
Enoneiatif, ve. a. expressive 
Enonciation, sf. expression; de- 
Enorgueillir, va. to*make proud; 

puff up 
S'— ,* grow proud 
Enorme, 2. a. enormous; huge 
Enorm6ment, ad. unmeasurably 
Enormitife, sf. —mity, heinous- 

ness; hugeness; vastness 
Enqu^rap^e. a. inquisitive 



S'enqn^rir, vr. to inquire 
Enquete, «/. inquiry; search 
8*enq,u6ter, vr. to inquire 
Enquetcur, sm. an inquisitor 
S'euraciner, vr. to take root^ to 

* grow inveterate • 
Enrog^, e. a. mad; outrageous 
Enrageant, e. a. provoking 
Enragement, am. being mad 
Enrager, vn. to * be mad^ enrage 
Enrayer, va. to * put the spokes 

to a wheel; to trig a wheel; to* 

make the first furrow; to begin 
Enrayure, sf. the first furrow; a 

El. egimenter, va. to enrol 
Enrtgistrement, am. registering, 

Enr6gistrer, va. to register; to 

Enrhujner, to cause a cold 
S'enrhumer, vr. to ♦ catch cold 
- EDrichir, vr. to enrich 
S'enrichir, vr. to * ^010 rich 
Enrichissement, sm. enriching; 

Enrdlemenl, listings enrolling 
Enrdlcr, va. to list, enrol 
Enroaement, sm. hoaraenesa 
Enrouer, va. to * make hoarse 
Enrouiller, vr. to * make rusty 
S' — , to * grow ruaty 
Enroulement, am. rolling 
Enrouler, va. to roll; wrap up 
Ensabler, to * run aground 
Ensablcnicnt, am. heap of aand; 

Ensacher, va. to * put in a bag 
Ensaisiuement, sm. seiaiu 
Ensaiainer, va. to invest 
Ensanglanter, * make blohdy; 

Enseigne, sf. sign; token; mark; 

.colours; cluster of diamonds 
Enseigne, sm. an ensign {in the 

Enseigneraent, instruction 
Enseigner, va. to teach. 
Ensell^, e. a. saddle-backed 
Ensemble, ad. together 

, am. the whale 

Ensemencement, sowing (,0/ 
* lands) 

Ensemencer, va. to * sow 
Enserrer, to * shut up; contain 


Ensevelir, to bury; to inter 
Knsevelissement, sm. burying 
Ensurceilement, bewitching, 

Ensorceter, va. to bewitch 
Ensorceleur, am. bewiteher 
Ensouifrer, va. to * dip in brim- 
Ensuite, ad. aflerwarUs; then 

de ceia, after that 

Ensaivhnt, following next 
S'ensuivre, vr. to- follow^ ensue 
Entablement, sm. enteiblature 
Entacher, va. to taint, infict 
Entaille, entaillure, sf. notch; jag 
Entailler, va. to notch, to jag 
Entamer, to * make Vie first cut, 
*■ begin ^ enter upon, bespatter 
Entaiue (homme,) a suapicioua 

Entamure, af. cut, first cut 
Entant que, ad. aa, becauae 
Entasseraent, am. a heap 
Eiitasser, va. heap up 
Enle, sf. a graft, grafted tree 
Entement, sm. grafting 
Entendement, understanding, 

judgment ** 

Eotendeur, of ready wit 
Entendce, va:to *hear, * under- 
stand, * mean 
S'entendre, vr. J.o * be skilful, 
have aecret intelligence; play 
booty; juggle 
Entendre malice, to * take some- 
thing in a bad meaning 
— finesse, to *fijid out some wit 

in a thing 
Entendu, e. a. knoving; teell 

performed-; skilful 
Entente, af. meaning, skill 
Enter, va. to graft, ingraft 
Ent^riner, to grant, confirm 
Ent^rinemen^ am. a grunt 
Enterrement, burial, funeral 
Enterrer, va. to bury, inter 
Ent6l6, e. a. infatuated^fond 

, am. obatinate man 

Ent^t^e, af. obstinate woman 
EntStcment, sm. infatuation 
EntSter, va. to affect the head, 
cauae the headache, to prepoa- 
aeaa, puff up 
S'— , vr. to * be conceited, * be 
preposaeaaed, * be fond 


Enthousiaeme, am. enthusias . 
Enihoiisiasmer, va. to tranaport, 

Enthousiaste, am. enthuaiast 
Entbynibffle, — mem, idea 
EntJcher, va. ta taint, to mar 
Eutier, e. a. entire, whole, com' 

plete, obatinate 
Eiuierement, ad. entirely, tebolly 
Entity, «/. entity 
Entoiler, va. to * put linen to 
Entonnemeot, am. the putting ^» 

Entonner, va. to barrel up, to * 

blow; chaunt 
Entonnoir, am. a funnel; a hol6 
Entorse, sf. aprain 
Entortiilement, am. twiating, 

Entortiller, va. to * wind, to 

twiat, to perplex, entangle 
Entours, am. pi. adjacent porta 
Entourrer, va. to aurround 
Entouniure, af. cuff, elope 
Entr'acte, am. an interluda 
S'entr'accuser, vr. to accuse one 

S'entr'aidir, to * htlp one another 
EntraiUeSjjfjT. pi. entrdHafiowelSf 

S'entr'aimer, vr. to love one an- 

— otAer 

fintramer, va. to drag, to hurry 

S'entr'appeller, vr. to call one 

Entraver, va. to ahackle 
S'entr'avertir, vr. to * give one 

another notice 
Entraves, sf. pi. shacklea, feU 

tera, clog 
Entre, pr. between, among; in 

— deux, between . [ing 

— cliien el loujp,' towarda even* 

— b&iller, bn. to gape, open 
S;entrebai8er,vr. to kiss one a». 

S'entrebattre, to * beat one an- 
other [other 
S^entreblesser, to Wkund each 
Entrechat, sm. cross-caper 
S'entrechoquer, vr. to * kit 
• against one another; thwart 
S'entre-comrouniquer, vr. to ni»» 
part to one another 


Entreconper, va to traverse^ in- 
terpose, tnterrupt 

B'entreddfaire. vr to defeat one 

S'entredetruire to destroy eacX 

Eatre-deus sm. middle space, 

B'entredJre, vr. to say * some- 
thing to one another 

8*entre-domier, to * give eadi 

Entree, sf. entry, admissionj en- 
trance-money; first course; 
duty; importation; hint 

6'eiitrefi^cber,fo quarrel together 

Entrefaits— surces entrefaits, in 
the mean time 

B'entrefoaetlerf vr. to * whip one 

6'entrefrapper, to * striks each 

Entregent, sm. acuteness 

fi'enlrdgorger, vr. to * cut one 
another's throat 

B'entregronder, to seold, or ekide 
one another 

B'entreheurter, to * kTioek one 
against another 

Entrelacs, sm. pi. knot toiVkin 

d'amoar, love-knot 

Entrelarder, va. to interlard, 

Eotrelassement, sm, interlacing, 
twist, mixture ^ 

Entrelasser, va. to interlace,* in- 

Entreligne, sf. interlineation 

Entrelire, r. to read cursorily 

S'enlrelouer, vr. to praise one 

S'entremanger, vr. to* eat one 

Entrem^ler, va. to intermingle 

S'entrem^ler, vr. to * mix toge- 

Entremets, sm. a by-dish; second 

Eatreroettant, e. a. meddling 

Entremetteur, acs.afo-between, 
mediator, mediatnx 

B'entremettre, vr. to interpose 

Entremiae sf. interposition 

S'entr'eoip^her, vr. to* eUuh 


8'entremordre.* biu one another 
S'entrenuire, * hurt each other 
Entr'ouir, v. to * hear by the fry, 

to overhear 
S'eutreparier, vr. to talk together 
Entrepas, sm. a broken amble 
S'entrepercer, vr. to * run one 

another through 
d*entrepiaider, tosueons another 
£Dtrepdt,«m. a staple, magazine 
S'entrepouaser, vr. to * push one 

Entreprenant, e. a. bold, assum- 
ing, venturesome 
Entreprendre, va. to * undertake, 

to attempt, encroach 
Entrepreneur, sm. undertaker 
Entrepris, e. impotcTit^ cripple 
Entrcprise, sf. enterprise, under- 
taking, encroachment 
S'entrequereller, vr. to quarrel 

Entrer, vn. to enter, * go in, * 
come in; express ; * fall, side 
with, embrace,* begin 

en kge, to* be of age 

S'entreregarder, vr. to stare at 

one another 
S'entre-rdpondre, to answer one 

S'entre-aaluer, to salute one an- 
S'entre-secourir, to help each 

Entresol, sm. a little room be- 
tween two floors 
S'entre-suivre, vr. to follow each 

Entre-taillure, sf. a cut on the leg 
Entretems, sm. intermediate time 
Entretenir, va.- * hold together, 
tain, * keep up 

ing in repair, discourse 
Entre-toile, sm. cut work 
Entre-tois^, */. a cross quarter 

of timber 
S'entre-toucher, vr. to * be con- 
S'entre-tuer, to kiU one ano^er 
Entrevoir, * have a glimpse of, 

* have a conference 
S'entrevoifjW. to visit each other 
EntreruCi sf. interview 



B*entr'obliger, vr. to oblige on* 

Entr'ouvrir, va. open half way 

— une porte, to * put a door 
upon the jar 

S!entr'ouvrir, vr. to open,togape 
Enture, sf. grafting 
Envahir, va. to invade, usurp 
Envahissement, sm. invasion 
Enveioppe, sf. a cover 
Enveloppement, sm. wrapping 

or folding up 
Envelopper, va. to * wrap up, 
hem in, cover, surrouwd^ in- 
volve, perplex 
S'— , vr. to musffle one's self up 
Envenimer, va. to envenom, ex- 
asperate, fester, irritate 
Enverguer, to * bend the sails 
Envergure, sf. bending of sails, 
their breadth, length, ^e. the 
extent between the two extre* 
mities of the wings of a bird 
Envers, pr. towards, to 
Envers, sm. the wrong side 
Envi, al'envi, with emulation; 

vying with one another 
Envie, sf. envy, desire, fancy ; • 
mole ; spot ; mark of the m<^ 
ther' s longing 
— de vomir, a qualm 
Envieilli, e. a. inveterate 
Envier, va. to envy, to wish for, 

to vie 
Envies, sf. pi. flaws about the 

nails, agnails 
Envieux, se. a. s. envious ; jea- 
Environ, pr. about ; thereabout 
Environs,9iii. jij. adjacent parts ; 

Environner, va. to environ ; sur- 
Envisager, to eye, view, consider 
Enumeration, */. — tion, account 
Enum^rer, va. to enumerate 
Envoi, sm. sending ; envoy 
S'envoiler, vr. to * bend 
Envoisin^, e. a. who has neighr 

Envoler, vn. to* fly away 
S'— , vr. to wing it away 
Envoy6, sm. an envoy 
Envoyor, va. to * send, to emit 

— querir, to * send for 



Emrosrer en Tatttre inoiide,eo UK 
Etriypite, «m. eolipiU 
Epacte, «/• epact 
Epagneal, »m, a spamel^ a 

cringing fellow 
Epagneule, sf. a spaniel bitek 
Epailler, va, to eUan gold or sil- 
Epais, se. «. tk^k^ duU 
Epais, am. thicknesst tkiek 
Epaiaseur, sf. thickness 
Epaissir, va- to thicken 
EpaissiBseineiit, sm. tkiekening 
Epamprer, va. to unleavo 
Epanchement, sm. pouring out; 
effusion; overflowing; dis- 
Epancher, va. to pour out; dis' 

B*— , vr. to overflow, trust 
Epandrc, va. scatter; * shed 
8*6panoair, va. to blow; to bloom; 

cheer up 
Epanouias^ment. «m. blowing of 
flowers; cheerfulness 

— de coBur, de rate, laughter^ 

S'6parer, vr. to * fling the heels, 

to kick 
Epargnant, e. a. saving, parsi- 
Epargne, sf. saoingness, parsi- 
Epai^er, vn. to spare; to save 
Eparpillement, sm. a scattering 
Eparpillcr, va. to scatter 
Epars, e. a. scattered, loose 
Eparvin, sn^ sparvin, tumour 
Epat6, a. (yerre) a glass without 

— (nez) a broad flat nose 
Epater, va. to * break the foot of 

a glass 

Epave, 3. a./, strayed 

Epaalard, sm. large seorflsh, 
like the dolphin 

Epaule, ef. shoulder, flank 

Epaulde, a^ striving with the 

Epaulement, sm. shouldering- 
piece; demi-bastion 

Epauler, va. * slip ene^s shoul- 
der; * prop; back; cover 

Bpaulette, sf. shoulder-piece 



Bp6e, sf. a sword 
Epeier, veuto* spell 
Eperdu, e. a. extremely disor- 
dered, dismayed 
Eperdument, ad. desperately 
Eperlan, sm. a smelt 
Eperon, spur; ship^s beak-head; 

buttress; starlings 
Eperonn^, e. a. spurred 
Eperonoer^ va. to spur 
Eperonnier, sm. a spurrier 
Eperonniere, sf. spur-leAther 
Epervier, sm. sparrow-hawk; a 

sweep net 
Eiili^be, a youth just come to ike 

age of puberty 
Eph^lide, ef. Urge freckle 
Eph^mire, 2. a. ephemeral; ex- 
isting only a single day 
Epb^mdrides, sf. pi. ephemerie 
Ephore, sm. ephorus 
Epi, an ear of com 
Epiale, •. /. continual 
Epice, ef. spice 

biandiei pounded ginger 

Epices, fees, drugs 
Epicene, a. sm. epicen 
Epicer. va. to spice 
Evicene,sf .spices; gro 
Epicier, e. s. a grocer 
Epicarien, oe. a. qricurean 
Epicurien, sm. an epicure 
Epicycle, sm. epicycle 
Epid^mie, sf. epidemy 
Epid^mique, a. .epidemical 
Epiderme, sm. epidermis 
Epier, vn. to shoot into core 
Epier, va. to watch, to spy 
Bpierrer, to dear of stones 
EpieUf snu spear, javelin 
Epigrammatique, 2. a. -^tical 
Epigrammatiste, em. —tist 
Epigramme, sf. an epigram 
Epigrajdie, digraph, motto 
Epi^epde, faUmg sickness; epi- 


EpUepdque, 3. a. epileptie 

; e. one troubled with the 
. iloguer, V. carp at, censure 
Epilogae, em. —gue; contusion 
E^logaewr, fault-finder, eritie 
Eplnarda. ef. pi. sptsmage 
Epine,»/. a thorn; priekU; rub; 


Eptne blanche, hamthem 

noire, blackthorn 

vinette, barberry 

du do8, back-bone; spine 

Efinette, a sptnnet; virginaZ 
Epineux, se. a. thorny; difficult 
Epingle, sf. a pin 
Epingies, sf. pi. a pair of glovei 

(a present) 
Epinglier, e. s. a pin-maker, or 

Epiniers, sm. pi. e. thorny grove 
Epiphanie, ef. epiphany; twelfth 

Epique, 2. a. epte, hero^ 
Episcopal, e. a. episcopal 
Episcopat, sm. episcopacy 
Episcopaux, pi. m. —paKans, 

Episcopiser, vn. to * make inters 

est for getting a bishopric; to 

Episode, em. an episode 
Episodique, a. episodical 
Episser, va. to splice 
EpisBure, sf. a splice 
Epistolaire, 2. a. epistolary 
Epitaphe, sf. an epitaph 
Epilase, epitasis 
Epithalame, sm. —lamium^ a 

wedding song or poem 
Epith^te, sf. an ^thet 
EpiUiyBM), sm. dodder (herb) 
Epitoge, sf. a Roman great coat 
Epitome, sm. epitome;, abridge 

Epitre, sf. an epistle 
EpIorS, e. a. all in tears 
Eploy^, e. a. displayed (in h»- 

Epluchement, sm. picking 
Epiiicher, va. fa * pick; to sift, 

* iep off; * cutoff 
Epiucheur, se. a picker 
Epiucboir, sm. a basket-maker" » 

Epluchures, sf. pi pickings 
Epode, sf. an epode 
Epointer, va. to blunt 
Epols, sin, trackings of deer 
Eponge, sf a sponge 
Eponger, va. to wash wiJLh 

Epopee, sf. ^ie poem 
E^oqw^ epoehttBTik 


Epoodrer, «a. ta dust^ * bsat tU 


Mteal awajf 

Epouiller, r«. to eleante 
B'^poiunonner, vr. to Ure tko 

Epouiajlles, sf. pi. a wedding 
Epoaae, tf. a spouse; consort 
Epous^e, a bride 
Epouser, v. t^ marry; espouso 
Epoiuaetter, to dust; brush; 

EpoosBettes, sf. pi. a brush 
Bpoavantable, 2. a. dreadful 
Epouvantablement, ad. terribly 
Epoavantail, sm. a bvg-bear 
Epottvaote, sf. fright^ terror 
Epouvanter, va. to frighten 
Epoaz, sm. spouse, brtde-groom 
Epreindre, va. to squeeze out 
Epfeinte, sf. a tenesmus 
8'6prendre, vr. to be smitten 
Epreuve, sf. trial; proof 
Epris, e. a. smitten, taken 
Eproaver, va. to try, to prove 
I^uvette, sf. • probe 
Eptagone, sm. heptagon 
Spacer, va. to *^a 
Epoisable, 3. a. that may be ex- 
HpudaemeDt, sm. faintness; esc- 

Epiiiaer, va, to df<un; waste; 

exhaust; * wear out 
Eparer, va. to refine; purge; 

Equarrir, va. to square 
EquarriaBade, sm. squareness 
Equarrinemeut, squaring 
EquariisBoir, instrument to * 

make square holes 
Equateur, sm. equator 
Equation, sf. equation 
Equerre, ^qaierre, square rule 
Equestre, SL a. equestrian 
Equiangle, 3. a. equiangular 
EquidJAant, e. a. equitustant 
Equilateral, e. a. —teral 
Equilibre, sm. equilibrium 
Equinoctial, le. a. —tial 
Eqoiaoxe, sm. equinox 

— da Printems, vernal equinox 

— de VAvaamneyautumnal equi- 

Equipage, e^ipoge; ship's crew 


Equipde, j//ool««A design;prank 
Equipement, «m. equipment; fit- 
ting out 
Equiper, va. equip, aceoutre;fit 

EquipoUence, sf. equal value 
Equipollent, e. a. equivalent 
EquipoUer, va. to* be equivalent 
Equitable, 9. a. equitable; just 
Equitablement, aa.justlv 
Equitation, sf. the art of riding 
Equity, equity, justiee 
Equivalent, e. a. s. —ten* 
Equivaloir, en. * be of equal va- 
Equivoque, sf. pun; play on 

J 2. a. equivocal 

Equivoquer, va. to equivocate 

S' , V. to * mistake one wotd 

for another 
Erable, sm. a maple 
Eradication, sf. — Uen 
Eradicntif, ve. a. — tni.« 
Erafler, vn. grate on, serateh 
Eraffure, sf. slight hurt; scratch 
Erailier, va. to fray, to rub 
— ceil 6ni]\€, blood-shot eye 
Eraillure, sf fraying 
EtatA, e. a. brisk, lively 
Erater, va. to * cut the spleen 
Ere, ^f. ara, epoch 
Erecteur, sm. erector 
Erection, sf. erection, standing 
Ereiater, vo. to*break one^s back 
Er^mitique, 2. a. —tical 
Er^sipdle, sf. St. Anthony's fire 
Ergo, sm. therefore, inference 
Ei|^t, a coek*8 spur 
EirgotA, e. a. spurred 
Ergoter, va. to cavil; wrangle 
Ergoteur, sm. caviller 
Eriger, va. to erect; raise 
S'^riger, vr. to* set i^ 
Erosion, sf. erosion 
Erotique, 3. a. belonging to 

love, amorous 
Errant, e. a. straying; vagrant; 

wandering; errant 
Errata, sm. an errata 
Erratique,2.a.waiu{«nn^; wHd, 

EtoilN erratiques, ef. pi, the 

Etres, sf-pl' the traces of a stag 



Errement, sm. last prveetHngt 

{in a law-euit) 
Errer, vn. to err; wemder 
Eireur, sf. an error; folly 
Erron^, e. erroneous 
Erron^ment, ad. erroneously 
Erudition, af. —Hon, learning 
EruditB, em. pi. the learned 
Erugineuz, Be. a. eruginous 
Eruptif, ve. a. eruptive 
Eruption, ef. eruption, burst 
E8cabeau,M». a stool; joint stool 
EscabeUe, «/. a stool; joint stool 
Escabelon, sm. stand for a bust; 

Eacaclie, sf- a scotch, bit 
Eacadre, a squadron {of ships) 
JSacadrille, a littU squadron, 

smaU fieet 
Escadron, sm. squadron {of 

Eacadronner, vn. to squadron 
Escalade, sf. scalade 
EBcalader, va. to seals 
Escalier, sm. a staircase 

— & vis, winding stairs 

— d^gage, back stairs 

— d^roM, private stairs 

— droit, straitr-sttUrs atJUers 

— en limace,«ptra/, orwmdtN^ 

Escalin, sm. a Dutch shilling 
Eacasuoie,sf. juggler* s cort-baU 
Escamoter, va. to juggle; to 

palm; pilfer [ferer 

Eacamoteur, sm. a fileher; pih 
Escamper, va. to eeamper away 
Escampette ; prendre de la poa- 

dre d' escampette, to run away 
Escapade, sf. a prank; JUng of 

Escarbot, sm. a beetle 
Eecarboucle, sf a carbuncle 
ElscarbouiUer, va. to equash 
Escarcelle, sf. a large purse 
Esca^ot, sm. a snail; til-shaped 

Eecarmouche, sf. skirmish 
Eacarmoucher, va. to skirmish 
Eacarmoucheur, sm. skirmisher, 
Escarpe, sf. scarp {of a diteh) 
Escarp6,e. a. steep 
Eacarper, va. to * cut sleep down 
Eacarpin, sm. pump 
Eacarpolette, sf. a swing 



Escarre, sloughy esehmrf gap 
Escbet, sm. escheat 
Esclandre, a disaster; noise 
Esclavage, slavery ^ bondage 
Esclave, s. a slave 
Escogrifie, sm, a spunger^ a 

shabby felloio 
Eecompte, a diseotaU; deduction 
Escoiopter, va. to discount 
Eecopette, sf. a sort of carabine 
Escopetterie, a volley 
Eacorte, an escort, guard 
Escorter, va. to escort; convoy 
Eacouade, sf. the third part of 
afoot company, a detachment 
Escourg^e, a scourge, whip 
Escourgeon, sm. annel-com; 

Escoiisse, sf. a spring in run- 

ning or leaping 
Escriine, fencing; tilting 
Eeerlmer, va. to fence; to tilt; 

to dispute; debate 
B'escrimer de, vr. to dabble in^ 

pretend to 
Escrimear, sm. a fencer 
Escroc, a sharper, pilferer 
Eacroquer, va. to * trick; spunge 
BacroquehCySf. sharping; spung- 

Eacroqueur, se. s. a sharper, a 

Espace, sm. a space, distance 
Espacement, distance, space 
Espacer, va. to distance 
Espadon, sm. a two-handled 

sword; sword-fish 
Espadonner, vn. to * fight with 

the back-sword 
Espagnoiette, sf.fine rateen 
Espalier, sm. hedge-row of fruit- 
trees; first rower in a galley 
Espace, sf. species; kind; caste 
Esp^ces, pi. coin; forms 
Esp^rance, sf. hope, trust 
Esp^rer, tut. to hope; to expect 
Espiegle, %. a. s. waggish; a 

Espieglerie,«/. a frolic; a wag- 
gish trick 
Eapion, sm. a spy, a scotU 
EsjHonnage, the being a spy; in- 
Espionner, va. to spy 
Esplanade, sf. a parade, glacit 


Espoir, Ml. hope, trust 
.Esponton, sponton. half pike 
Esprit, sm. spirit; mind; ge- 
nius; sense; wit; motive; 
ghost; soul 
Esquif, sm. skiff (a boat) 
Edquille, sf. splinter (jofa broken 

Esquinancie, squinency, sore- 
Esquipot, sm. barber's money 

Esquisae, sf. a sketch 
Esquisser, va. to sketch 
Esquiver, to eschew; avoid 
S' — , vr. to * steal away 
Essai, sm. essay, proof, trial, 

taste, specimen 
Essaira, essain, sm. swarm 
Essaimer, vn. to swarm 
Essanger, vn. to wet foul linen 

before washing 
Essarter, to grub vp, to assert 
Easayer, to try, attempt, taste 
Efisayerie, sf. the assaying of 

Essayeur, sm. assayer 
Esse, sf. any piece of iron like 

an S 
Easeau, sm. hatchet 
Essence, sf. essence; nature; 

perfumed oil 
Essentiel, le. a. essential, real 
Essentiellement, ad. essentially 
Esseuld, e. a. lonesome 
Essieu, sm. axle-tree 
Eeaor, flight; soaring up 
Essorer, vn. to soar up 

, va. to air, to dry 

Essoriller, to * cut off the ears 
Essoufler, to * put out of breath 
Essui, sm. drought; drying place 
Essui main, a towel 
Essuyer, vn. to wipe; dry up; 

* bear; * endure 
Est, sm. East 

Estacade,5/.a staccado, palisade 
Estafie, contribution-money 
EstafFette, a courier; express 
Estaflier, sm. footman in livery 
Estafilade, sf. slash; rent 
Elstafilnder, va. to slash 
Eetame, sf. worsted 
Bstaminet, sm. gin-shop; a club 
of drunkards 


Estampe, sf. print, cut, stamp 
Eslamper, va. to*stamp; emboss 
Efitampille, sf. excise, stamp 
Estimable, 2. a. estimable, valu- 

Estimateur, sm. an appraiser 
Estimation, sf. —tion; estimate 
Estimc, esteem; value; regard 
Estimcr, va. to esteem; appraise.' 

Yeckon; estimate^ value 
Estiva, sf. trimming a ship 
Estoc, sm. stock; lineage 
Estocade, sf. a thrust 
Estocader, va. to till, to duM 
Estomac, sm. the stomach 
S'estomaquer, TT. to resent 
Estrade, sf. an alcove; path 
— battre 1' estrade, to * go on a 

reconnoitring party 
Estragon, sm. tarragon {anherb) 
Estrama^on, the edge of a sabre., 

a cut over the head 
Estraraa^onner, vn. to play, or 

fight with a sabre 
Estrapade, sf. strappado 
Estrapader, va. to * give the 

strappado, to whip 
Estropie, e. s. maimed body 
Estropier, va. to lame; maini; 

Esturgeon, sm. sturgeon 
Et, c. and, 6r 

Et cffitera, and so on, so forth 
Etablagc, sm» stabling 
Etable, sf. cow-/unise; ox-stall; 

Etabler, va. *vut inji stalle, Jf-c. 
Etabli, sm. shop-board; joiner*a 

bench; bank of a printing" 

press; counter in a shop 
Etablir, va. to establish; ap- 
point; assert; * make good; 

state; * lay; broach; settle 
S'— , vr. settle, * set up 
Etablissement, sm. establish' 

ment; settlement; foundation 
Etage, a story, degree 
Etager, va. to * cut the hair 

Etai, sm. a stay (in a ship) 
Etaie, sf. a prop, support 
Etaim, sm. carded icuol 
Etain, pewter 
Eta], a butcher's OTfiskmonger^e 



Elalage, staUing, aam^U, skno 
EtaJer^ va- to hang out for sale; 

to ♦ make parade of 
Etaleur, am. a "itaU-bookaeUer^ 

Etaliei:, a ataUrbiUchar 
Etalingaer, va. to * bend tAe ca- 
ble to the anchor^s ring 
Etalon, am. stallion; attutdard 
£taIonoement, the marking by 

the standard 
Etalooner, va. to * stamp with 

a pubUe mark 
Etaloimear, am. officer appointed 

to m.ark meaaurea 
Stama^, the tinning 
Etameri va. to tin over 
Etamear, am. a pewterer 
Elamine, af. bolting cloth; bom- 
basine; a sieve 
-^^peoBBt par I'^tamine, to ex- 
fOt *be examined in ri- 

Etamines, pi. stamina offiowera 
Etamure, af. tinning 
Etanchement, am. atanching 
Etaacher,' va. to atanch^ atop, 

quench; dry up 

Etancon, am. auppoHj prop 
Etanconner, va. tb * prop; * j 
Etang, sm. a pond^ lake 


Etaague, af. large pineera^ at 
nippers used at the mint 

Gtape, sf. ataple; atore-houae; 
soldier's daily allowance 

Etapier, am. atUler 

Etat, atatCy case, way, purpose, 
condition^iat,eattmate, plight, 

Etau, am. atalq vice 

Etayement, ataying, propping 

Etayer, va. to aupport; to * atay 

Et6, am. summer; heat 

Eteignoir, extinguisher 

Eteindre, va. to extinguish; * 
put out, quench; abolish 

8'6ieiadre, vr. to * go out 

E\ient,e.a.eztinguished; quench- 
ed, extinct, dull 

Etends^e) sm. lines 

£^ndard, atandard, banner, co- 
lours t. 

Etendoir, a printer's peel 

Etendre, va» to extend; *■ spread, 
stretch, explain, enlarge 


S*eteiidre, vr. to stretch one^a 
aelf, reach, * go, last, enlarge, 
EteDdu,e. a. spread, large, long; 
prolix ; tedious ; sprawling, 
Etendue, sf. extent, extension, 

trwat, apace 
Eterhel, le. a. eternal, everlaal- 
' ing,endleaa 
Eteraellement, ad. eternally, 

everlaatingly, for ever 
Eterniser, va. to eternize 
Eternity, af. eternity 
Eternuer, vn. to sneeze' 
Eternuemeut, sm. sneezing 
Etemueur, se. s. sneezer 
Et^sies, sm. pi. Etesian winds 
Etdtemeat, sm. lopping 
Etdter,* lop off the top 
Eteuf, sm. a tennis-ball 
Eteule, sf. stttbble, stalk of com 
Ether, am. ether 
Eth^rd, e. a. ethereal, stibtle 
Ethique, af. ethics, moral 
Etincelant, e. a. sparkling; 

Etincelle, af. a spark 
EtiQcellement, am. sparkling 
Etinceler, vn. to sparkle 
Eiiologie, sf. —gy 
Etiqae, 2. a. consumptive, lean 
Etiqueter, va. to * put a note to 
Etiquette, */. note, ticket, cere- 
monial, concert, title 
EtotCe, stuff, doth [furnish 
Etoffer, va. to * stuff, garnish, 
Etoile, sf. a star, a atar-fish, 
atdrwort, luck 

— fixe, a fixed atar 

— errante, wandering atar 

— courante, shooting star 
Etoil^, e. a. starry, cracked 
Etoiler, S'^toiler, vn. to crack, 

to shiver 

Etole, sf. a stole 

Etonnamraent, ad. wonderfully 

Etonnant, e. a. wonderful, ama- 
zing, strange 

Etonnement, am. amazement, 
wonder, terror, stunning 

Etonner, va. to astonish, sur- 
prise, stun 

S' — , vr. to wonder, marvel, * 
be concerned 




Etoaffant, e. a. auUry, close 
Etouffement, am. a stoppage of 

breathing, stifiing 
Etouffer, va. to sUfie, smother, 

choke, auppreaa 
Etouffi)ir, am, an eztinguishsr 

{for cotUs) 
Etoupe, sf. tow 

Etouper, va. to atop (with tow) 
Etourderie, */. a blunder 
Etourdi, e. a. hair-brained 
Etourdi, e. s. blunderer 
Etourdiment, ad. raahly 
Etourdlr, va. to atun, parboil, * 

take off the chill, benumb 
S'6toiirdi, vr. to * beat out of 

one's brain ' 
Etourdissant, e. a. stunning 
Etourdissement, sm. stunning 
Etoumeau, a starling 
Etrange, 2. a. strange, silly 
Etrangement, ad. strangely 
Etranger, e. a. foreign, strange 

, e. s. a foreigner, stranger, 

Corps — , extraneous body 
Etranger, va. to * drive awaiy, 

to * forsake 
Etranglement, sm. contraction, 

Etrangler, va. to strangle, to * 

make too scanty, * choke 
Etranguilion, sm. the strangles 
Etre, vn. ta * be, exist, belong 

— debout, to * stand 

— de moiti6, to * go halves 
Etre, sm. a being, existence 
Etrea, pi. the several parts of a 

house, ($-c. 
Etr^dr, va. to straiten 

— i%r. to * grow strait, to * 

Etr6cissementi sm. straitening 
Etr6cissure, sf. straitening 
Etreindre, va. * bind, or ♦ wring 

Etreintc, sf. binding, squeezing 
Etrenne, a Christmas-box, haM- 

Etrenner, va. to * give a new 

year* s gtft^to* make apresent, 

to handsel, * take handsel 
Etr6sillon, sm. ajfrop 
Etr68illonner, va. to prop 
Etrier, sm. a stirrup 



Etrille, «/. « eurrf-eomi; spwug- 

Etriller, va. to curry, to thraoh 
Etriper, to unbowdy to unrip ■ 
£triqu6, e. a. narrow, scanty 
Etriviere, */. stirrup-leather 
Etrivieres, pi. horse-whipping 
Etroit, e. a. strait, narrow, inti- 
mate, striety exact 
Etroitement,ai. strictly, straitiy 
Etron^onncr, va. to * cut the 

branches of a tree 
Etrouaser, va. to adjudge, decree 
Etude, sf. stiu^, learning 
Etudiant, stn. a student 
Etudiei, va. to study, mind 
S*— -, vr. to endeavour, addict 

one*8 self 
Etudiole, sf. a scrutoire 
Etui, sm. a case; tweeter 
Etuve, sf. a stove, hot-house 
£tuv6e, stewing, stewed meat 
Etuvement, sm. fomenting 
Etuver, va. to bathe, to foment 
Etuviste, sm. who keeps a bagnio 
Etymologie, sf. —logy 
Etymolo^que, 3. a. —gical 
EQrmologiste, sm. —gist 
Evacaatif, an evacuant 
Evacuation, sf. —tion, veidinv 
Evacuer, va. to evacuate; void 
8*6 vaderyvr • to make one'» escape 
Evagation, sf. —tion 
Evaluation, estimaU, rating 
Evaluer, ta. to appraise; rate 
Evangdiique, 3. a. —lical 
Evangdliquement, ad. —lieally 
Evang^Iiaer, v. to preach the gos- 
Evang^Ildte, sm. —list 
Evanglle, the gospel 
S*6vanouir, vr. to swoon; vanish 
Evanouisaement, sm. swoon 
Evaporation, sf. --tion; rash- 
Evapord, e. s. giddy-brained 
Evaporer, va. to evaporate; tt 

Evaser, va. to wtden 
Evasion, sf. escape; evasion 
Evaaare, widening 
Ettcharistie, eucharist 
Eucharifltiqne, 2. a. —Heal 
Erftch^, sm. a bishop^s palaee^ 
bishopric; episcopacy 


Evell, hint; warning 

EveiM, e. a. sprigkav, dUigmt 

EveiHer, va. to awifun; to a- 

wake; rouse 
Ev6ttement,«m. event; end; issue 
Eventy smack; twang; vent; size 
Eventail, sm. a fan; an air-hole 
Eventaillistc,/ai»-naifc«r, or sell- 
Eventaiie, sort of flat baiket; 

Events, e. s. flighty; giddy; flat; 

Eventer, va. to fan; ♦ «r; *- 

v^ulge; * take vent 
S' , va. to * grow fiat; to • 

take wind, or vent 
Eventoire, sm. a fire-fan 
Eventrer, va. embowel; * draw 
Eventuel, le. a. eventual 
Eventuellement, ad. eventuaUy 
Ev^que, sm. a bishop 
Everrer, va. to worm out (a dog) 
Eversion, sf. eversion, ruin 
S'6 vertuer,w. to exert one^s self, 

to * take pains 
Eviction, sf. eviction, evidenee 
Evidemmeut, ad. evidently 
Evidence, sf. evidence; iemonr 

Evident, e. a. evident^ W<un| 

Evider, va. to unstareh; to* cut 

sloping; * make a groove 
Evier, «m. a sinlr 
Evincer, va. to evict, recover 
Evitable, a. 3. avoidable 
Evit6e, sf. breadth of a river, or 

channel to * be navigable 
Eviter, vo. to avoid, shun 
Eunuqile, sm. an eunuch 
Evocable, a. 3. that may be * 

brought before a higher court 
Evocation, sf. conjuration; sum^ 

Evocatoire, 3. a. summoning 
Evolution, sf. —tion 
Evoquer, va. to conjure up; to * 

bring before a higher court 
Eupatoire, sf. sweet maudlin 
Eupbonle, — ny, harmt 
Euphorbe, sm. —bium 
Euz, pro. them, they 
Exact, e. a. exact, accurate 
Ezactement, ad. exa^, duly 


Exaction, «/. — t£«i», extortiou 
Exactitude, exaUness^ aceuraef^ 

carefulness, care 
Exag^rateur, ra». aiei^tifier 
Exag^ratif, ve. a. exaggerating 
Exag^ration, sf. ampUfying 
Exag^rer, va. to exaggerate^ ag^ 

gravate, amplify 
Exaltation, sf. —tiouy adoane^' 

Exalter, va. to exalt, to oxtel 
Examen, sm. examination 
Exarainateur, an examiner 
Examiner, va. to examine; to 

weigh; diseuse, sift 
S'examiner, vr. to weigh out 
Exarchat, sm. exarchate 
Exarque, an exarch; a kiatd of 

ancient magistrato 
Exauc^*, va. to * hear favomr- 

Excavation, sf^Hion^ hollowing 
Excaver, va. to hollow 
Exc^dant, e. mi. overpbte 
Exc^der, va. to exceed, abuse 
Excellemment, ad. exeeUently, 

Excellence, sf. exeiOence; exoA- 

leney, eminence 
Excellent, e. a. excellent; nottf 

Excdlentlnime, 3. a. most exed^ 

Exceller, va. to ezod^ eurpaas, 

Excentricit6, ef. -"eity 
Excentrique, 3. a. eceentrie 
Except^, ad. except, seme^ but 
Excepter, va. to except 
Exception, sf. —tion 
Excds, sm. excess; riot; abuse 
Excessif, ve. a. excessive 
Excearivement, ad. —velf 
Excise, sf. tax on goods; custom 

Excitatif, ve. a. excitative 
Excitation, sf —tion, stirring 
Exciter, va. to excite, snctte, «tM* 
Exclamation, sf -"tion 
Exclurre, va. to exclude, debar 
Exclusif, ve. a. s i ve 

Exclusion, */. sion 

Exclusivement, ad. —^ely 



EBconunan)^, e. «. a» excommu- 

nieated person 
gie omm n nter , vo. te excMmw- 

Ezcoriatioii, «/. —Uout fretting 

•f ike skin 
Ezcorier, va,to* take off the skin 
Ezcortication, tf. peelings off 
Excrement, sm. -^nient 
Ezcr6menteuz, se. a. exeremen- 

titiouSf exeremental 
Excrescence, sf. exerescenu 
Ezcrttioo, excretion , 
Excr6toire| 2. a. —tory 
Ezcroquer, vid. Escroquer 
Excureion, */. —aion^ inroad 
Kxcnsable, 2. a. excusable 
Excosation, sf. exemption 
Excuse, sf. excuse^ pretence 
Excuser, ea. to excuse 
S'excuser, vr. to desire to * be 

excused^ to decline 
Ex6at, sm. a pass to ^ go out 
Execrable, 3. a. exeerable 
JExecrablement, ad. execrably 
Execration, sf. —tionf abhor- 

Exicratoire, 2. a. accursed 
Ex^cater, va. to execute 
— quelqu'on, to distrain one 
Ex^cuteur, sm. executor^ execu- 

tioner^ hangman 
Exteutioii, sf. — tt<m, perform- 

ancSf distraining 
Ex^catoire, sm. a writ of execu- 
Execatoire, 2. executive 
Ex6cutTice, sf. executrix 
Exemplaire, 2. a. exemplary 
Exemplaire, sm. a pattern; a 

copy of a book 
Exemplairemeiit, ad. exem)9la- 

Ezemirie, sm. ^ f. example; pat- 
tern; incident; ijistance; writ- 
ten copy; a copy 
Exempt, e. a. exempt^ free 

, sm. an exempt; Ufe-guard 

Exempter, va. to exempt; free 
Exemption, */• "Hon; freedom 
Exercer, va. to exempt; train tip, 

to practice 
Exerclce, sm. exercise, practice, 


Exenoe, esorgue of a moiai 
Exfottation, sf. --tton 
B*ezfbUer, vr. exfoliate; /db, 

scale off - 
Exhalalaon, «/. exhalation ^ 
Exhalation, ^ — tion 
Exhaler, va. to exhale; to eva- 

poratCf to vent 
ExhaasKment, am. raising; 

Exbauswr, va. to raise 
Exb^rddation, sf. disinheriting 
ExhAr^der, va. to disinherit 
Exhiber, to exhibit, produce 
Exhibition, sf. ^tion; produc- 
Exhortation, -—tion 
Exhorter, va. to exhort, stir up • 
Exhumation, sf. unburying 
Exhumer, va. to* dig a corpse 

out of the ground 
Exigeant, ante. a. exacting; hard 

to please 
Exigence, sf. exigence; urgency, 

Exiger, va. to require, to exact 
Exigible, 2. a. demandable 
Exigu. e. a. exiguous, small 
Exiguity, sf. exiguity, smaUness 
Exit, sm. ba/nishmetU, exile 
Exild, e. s. an exile 
Exiler. va. to ba$ush, exile ^ 
ExiUt6, sf. smaUness, weaknees 
Existant, e. a. existent 
Existence, sf. existence, beirtg 
Exister, va. to exist, to* be 
Exodo, sm. Exodus 
Exorable, 2. a. exorable 
Exorbitanunent, ad. exorbitant- 
ly, extravagantly 
Exorbitant, e. a. cTtorbitant, ex- 
travagant [one 
Exorciser, va. exorcise, conjure 
Exorcisme, sm. exorcism 
Exorcistfe, an exorcist 
Exorde, exordium 
Exotiqne, 2. a. exotic, foreign 
Expansible, 2. a. —ble; spread- 
Expansif, ve. a. expansive 
Expansion, sf. expansion^ extent 
Expatrier, va. to expatriate 
S*expatrier, vr. to quit one's 

B'/pectant, sm. an expectant 



Bxpectative, «. sf. taputatimt, 

Expectorant, e. a. MpecteratJM 
Expectoration, tf. --tion 
Expectorer, va. to expectorate 
Expedient, sm. expedienl, meeme 
-—, a. m. proper, fit 
Exp^dier, va. to despatch; expe 

dite. * send, * draw up 
Exp6ditif, ve. «. expeditious 
Expedition, sf. —turn; despetdk; 

xpemtioos, sf. pL despetekeei 

mission, patent 
Experience, sf. experiment, «»> 

perience, trial 
Experimental, e. a. — <a< 
Experimente, «. a. tried; eki^f^ 
Experimenter, va. to experieneSt 

Expert, e. a. expert, skilful 
Experts, sm. pi. viewere 
Expiation, sf. atonement 
Expiatoire, 2. a. expiatory 
Expier, va. to expiate; to atemi$ 
Expiration, sfy -^tien, end 
Sxplrer, vn. to expire, die^ end 
Exptetif, ve. a. —live 
Explicable, 2. a. expUeeJble 
Explicatif, ve. a. explicative 
Explication, sf. explanation 
Explicite, 2. a. explicit, plain 
Explicitement, ad. explicitly 
Expliquer, va. to explain; M* 

pound, signify . 
Exploit, sm. exploit, oetoo*- ^ 

ment, unit 

— d' assignation, a summons, ca 

— de saisie, an execution upon a 

Exploitable, 2. a. that may be 
distrained, hewed 

Exploitant, «iii. officer serving 

Exploitation, sf. the execution of 
some works in agriculture 

Exploiter, va. to ♦ defeats; work; 
fell: serve warrants 

Exploratear, sm. —rater 

Explosion, sf. explosion 

Exportation, —tion 

Exposant, e. *. a petitioner 

Expose, sm. suggestion of a pe- 
tition; preamhUi pretence 

^ EXT 

Bzpoeer, va. to expote; to* »et 

forth^ expound 
Ezpoeitif, ve. a. expositive 
Exposition, «/. — tton, exposing, 

account, situation 
Expi^s, 86. a. express, plain, 

Expr^s, sm. an express 

, ad. purposely, on purpose 

Ezpreas^ment, ad, expressly, 

Ezpressif, ve. a. expressive 
Expresaon, sf. expression, ex- 
pressing, squeezing out 
Exprimable, 2. a. expressible 
Elprimer, va. to express; squeeze 

Exprovincia], sm- a monk that 

has been provincial 
Ezpulser, va. to expel, turn out 
Eupulsif, ve. a. expulsive 
Expulsion, sf. expulsion, expel- 
£xpurgat(»re, a. m. —gatory 
Exquis, e. a. exquisite, fine 
Extant, e. a, extant 
Extaae, sf. extacy,rapture,trance 
S'extasier, t»r. to * be in rapture; 
to * fly into, an extaey; won- 
der at 
Extatiqae, 2. a. extatie 
Extensible, 2. a. —sible 
Extension, sf. —tion, extent 
Extenuation, —tion, a faUing 

Ext^nuer, va. to extenuate; ema- 
£xt6rieur, e. a. exterior, out- 

toard, external 
Ext^rieur, sm. the outside 
Ext^ricurement, ad. outwardly 
Extenninateur, a. m. destroyer, 

ExterminatTon, sf. —tion; ex- 
Exterminer, va. to eztermiwUe, 

extirpate, destroy 
Externe, 2. a. external 
Externe, s. day-scholar 
Extinction, sf. —tion; quench- 
Extirpateur, sm. a destroyer 
Extirpation, sf. —tion 
Extirper, va, to extirpate; root 



Extorquer, to extort, wrest 
Extorsion, sf. extortion, exaetioh 
Extraction, — £t«i», descent, pedi- 
Extraire, va. to extract; abridge 
Eztrait, sm. extract; abstract 

de proces, a brirf 

Extrajudiciaire, 2. a. — dicial 
Extrajudiciairement, ad. extra- 
Extraordinaire, 2. a. —dinary, 

VMcommon, singular 
— , sm. extraordinary 
—, a supplement to the gazette 
— dcs guerres, an extraordinary 

fund {in time of war) 
Extraordinairement, ad. extra- 
ordinarily, extremely 
EztraVagamitaent, ad. extrava- 
Extravagance, sf. —ce 
Extravagant, e. a. s. —gant, sil- 
ly, mad 
Extravagantes, sf. pi. decrees of 
the popes, added to the canon- 
Extravaguer, vn. to extravagate, 

to rave, to dote 
Extravasation, sf. —tion 
E'extravaser, vr. to extravasate, 

to run out 
Extreme} 2. a. extreme, utmost, 

Exlr6rae, sm. extreme 
Extr6mement, ad. extremely 
Extrftme-onction, sf. extreme 

Extremity, — mity, utmost part; 

extreme; strait; misery 
Extrinseque, 2. a. extrinsic 
Exuberance, sf. —ranee 
Exultation, sf. —tion, a leaping 

for joy 
Exulter, va. to exult, to * leap 

Ex-voto, sm. thing voted, vowed 

F (musical note) 
fable, */. fable, story 
Fabliau, sm. a tale in verse 
Fabricateur, coiner; forger; fal- 


Fabrication, sf. coining; forg 

Faliricien, sm. churchwarden 
Fabriquant, a manufacturer 
Fabrique, sf. fabric, manufac- 
ture, coinage 
Fabriquer, va. to manufacture, 

to coin, to forge 
Fabuleusemenr, ad. fabulously 
Fabuleux, se. a. fuoulous 
Fabuliste, sm. fabulist 
Facade, sf. front, frontispiece 
Face, face, front, state 
Faire fiice, va. to face 
Face tie, sf. pleasantry, witty 

Facetieusement, lid. facetiously 
Facetieux, se. a. facetious; wit- 
ty; jovial; merry 
Fhcelte, sf. facet 
Facetter, va. to * cut into facets 
FiLche, e. angry; sorry 
FAcher, va. to * vex, grieve; to 

tease, to anger 
9e — , vr. to *be anirry 
Fdclierie, sf. vexation, gritf 
F&cheux, se. a. grievous; ill-na- 
tured; hard; peevish 
Facile, 2. a. easy, free 
Facilement, ad. easily, with ease 
Facilite, */. — ty, easiness 
Faciliter, va. to facilitate 
Fafon, sf. fashion; manner; 

ceremony; affrctedness 
Facon d*agir, de thirc, conduct, 

proceeding, behaviour 
Faf onner, va. to form, fashion, 

polish, compliment 
Faconnier, e. a. s. ceremonious 
Facteur, sm. a factor; postman 
Factice, 2. a. factitious; coined 
Factieux, se. a. factious 
Factieux, so. s. a ringleader 
Faction, .tf faction, cabal 
Factionnaire, ^nt. private eenti' 

Factorerie, sf. factory 
Factotum, sm. factotum 
Factum, a case (in a plea) 
Facture, sf. invoice 
Faculte, faculty, power, taUntf 

Fadaise, foolery; trifles 
Fade, 2. a. insipid; squeamish, 


Fadeur, «/. insipidness, siUiM$» 
Fagot, sm. fagot, bundle.— Cen- 
ter dca fagots, talk nonsense 
Fagotage, sm. making of fagots 
Fagoter, va. * make into fagots; 

to * dress up autktoardly 
Fagotear, sm. a fagot-maker 
Fagolin, jack-puddingy sorry 

Faiance, Faience, sf. delft-ware 
Faiancdf e. a.xbina-like 
Faiancerie, sf. ehina-trade ' 
Faiancier, sm. china-man 
Failii, sm. a bankrupt 
Faillibilil6, sf. failure 
FaiUir, vn. to fail, * mistake, * 
come short, * be uear^ * be rea- 
dy, to miss ^ 
FaiUitef sf. bankrupted 
Faim, hunger; stomach, desire 
Faineant, e. a. lazy, idle 

, e. s. a sluggard 

Fain^antex, vn. to loiter,* be idle 
Fain^antise, sf. slothfulnesa^ 

Faire, vn. to make, to * do 
Faire faire,* bespeak; to prompt 

Faire une 'question, to oik a 

— sembiant, to pretend 
Se faire, vr. improve; ♦ gU, be- 
come; turn; ♦ greto; use; in- 
Faisand, sm. a pheasant 
FaisaiMieaa, youT^ pheasant 
Faiaander, vr. to * k€tp meat till 

it gets a venison taste 
Fai0&nderie, sf. pheasant valk 
Faisandier, sm. one vho breeds or 

sells pheasants 
Faisceau, a bundle 
Faiaeur, se. s. maker, doer 
FaiscHe, */. a cheese-form 
Fait, sm. fact; act; case; feat 
Fait-a-fait, ad. in proportion 
Faitagie, sm . covering of a house; 

roof-timber; ridge-lead 
Faitardise, sf. idleness, sloth 
Faite, sm. top, r^dge, pinnacle 
Faiti^fe, sf. d gutter-tile 
Faix, svi. a burden^ weight 
Fakir, a Mahometan frior^ fa- 

Falaiie, «/. a stetf shore I 


Falbala, sm. furbelow 
" — volant, a Jlounce 
FalJace, sf. fallacy 
Fallacieuaement, ad. fallaeious- 

Fallacieox, se. a. fallacious 
FaUoir, «. imp. to* be needful 
Fallot, sm. sort of lantern ond 

large lamp 
Falot, e. a. ridieuhms, merry 
Falotement, ad. ridiculously 
Falotier, sm. the light-man at 

the king^s court 
Falourde, sf. a great fagot " 
FaJsificateur, sm. a falsifier 
Falsification, sf — tion; forgery 
Falsifier, va. to falsify, forge, 

Faluner, va. to manure with sea- 
weeds and shells 
Fftme, sf. fame, reputation 
Fami, e. a. bien ou mal fam6, 

of good or bad fame 
Famelique. 2. a. hunger^tarvedt 

Fameux^ se. a. famous 
Se familiariaer, vr. tofamiliariie 

one's self 
Familiarity, sf. familiarity 
Familier, e. a. familiar, free 
Familierement, ad. fredy 
Familie, sf. family^ household, 

kindred, stock 
Familieujc, se. a. hungry 
Famine, sf. famine, dearth 
Fanage, sm. hay-making; leav- 
ed branches; hay-maker^s sa- 
Fanaison, sf. mowing-time 
Fanal, sm. ship*s lantern; light- 
house; wateh-Ught 
Fanatique, 3. a. s. fanatic 
Fanatisme, sm. fanaticism 
Faner, va. to cause to fade; to * 

make hay 
Se faner, vr. to wither; to fade 
Faneur, se. s. a hay-maker 
Fanfan, 2. s. dear child; honey 
Fanfare, sf. a flourish of a trum- 
pet; a parade, show 
Fanfaron, ne. a. bragging 

, sm. a bully 

Fanflitronnade, tf. bragging 
Fanfaronnerie, habit of brag- 



Fanff eluebe, sf gewgast 
Fange, mire, dirt, mud 
Fangeuz, se. a. miry; mmddf 
Faoion, sm. a banner 
Fanon, dew-lap; fetlock; peif 

dant; funnel: beard 
Fanons, pi. the dressings of a 

broken le^ or thigh 
Fantaisie, sj. fancy, mind, whim^ 

humour, opinion 
Fantasque,2. a. fantastieal, odd 
Fantasquenient, ad. fantastical- 
ly, whimsically, oddhi 
FantassiD, im. foot-tokU^ 
Fantastique, 2. a. fantastic 
Fanidmc, sm. phantom, chime- 
ra, image 
Fantomee, pi. images of sens*' 

ble things 
Faon, sm. a fawn 
Faonner,.va. tofawn^ to ealvs . 
Faquiu, sm. a scoundrel; a 
wooden statue to run a tiU 

, e. a. basCf vile, mean 

Faquinerie, sf. meanness 
Faraillon, sm. a light-^kouse, 

small sand-bank 
Farce, sf. otuffing, farce 
Faicer, vn. to droll, to jest 
Farceur, sm. a buffoon 
Farcin, /arey, ahorse disease 
Farcineuz, se. a. that has ike 

Farcir, va. to stuff, cram 
FarcisBure, sf. stuffing 
Fard, sm. paint, tinsel, dissi- 
Fardeau, burden; load; weight 
Farder, va. to paint; trim 
Farfsidet, sm. hobgoblin, prig , 
Farfouiller, va. to rummage 
Fariboles, sf pi. idle talk 
Farine, sf. meal, flour 
Folle-fanne, mill-dust 
Fariner, va. to flow over 
Farineux, se. a. white with meal 
Fariiiier, sm. meal-man 
Fariniere, sf. meal or flour- 
warehouse, miller'' s wife 
Farlouae, a meadow-lark 
Farouche, 2. wild: stem 
Fasclnage, sm. fascxne-work 
Fascination, sf. enchantment 
Fascine, fascine, bavin 
Fasciner, va. to enchant 

86 FAU 

Fasier, va. U ftttver; to misi 

the wind 
Paste, am. pagtantrfj pon^^ 

pride, vain show 
Fastes, pi. etuendar; record 
Fastidieuaement, ad. naiueouoly 
Faatidieux, se. a. tiresome; over- 

nice, fastuous 
Faataeusement, ad. proudly 
Fastueaz, se. a. ostentatious 
Fat, sm. a coxeonUt 
Fatal, e. a. fatal, unlucky 
Fatalement, ad. fatally; un- 
FataUate, sm. fatalist 
Fatality, sf. fatality; destiny; 

Fatkbque, 3. a. prophetic 
Fatigant, e. a. fatiguing; ttre- 

Fatigue, sf. fatigue; veariness; 

Fatigaer,«a. to ^re, to fatigue; 

JF'atiguer, vn. to * laiour; * take 

Fatras, sm. trash, trifles 
Fatuity, sf. silliness, foppery 
Fauchage, sm. mowing 
Fauchaison, sf. mowing-time 
Fatiche, mowing; reaptng 
Faucber, va. to mow 
— le grand pr6, * be a galley- 
Faucbet, sm. a rake, a scraper 
Faucheur, a mower, spinner 
FaucUle, sf. a sickle 
Faocon, «iii. a falcon, hawk 
Faaconneau, falcon (a gun) 
Fauoonnerie, sf. falconry 
Fauconnier, sm. a falconer 
Fauconnidre, sf hawking bag 
TaveuT, favour, kindness 
Faufiler, va. to baste 
Be — , or. to*keep company with 
Fauldea, sf. pi. charcoal- ovens 
Faune, sm.fawn 
Favorable, \La.favouTahle, kind 
Favorablement, ad. favourably, 

Favori, te. a. s. favoured; fa- 
vourite, a minion 
Favoriaer, va. to favour; ho- 

FauMaire, sm* uforgsr 


Faiuse-coache, rf. misearriage 

monnoie, false toin 

porte, a back-door 

FauBMB-maiicbea, pi. Si 
FauaKment, ad. falsely 
Fauflser, va. to * break; to 
bend; to Jlineh 

— sa parole, to * breatf one*s 

Fausset, sm. faucet; peg; faint 

treble {in music,) fUset 
Fau86et6, sf. falsehood, forgery 
Fnviie, fault, error, wamt 
Faute de, for want of 
Fauteull, sm. an elbow chair 
'- k roulettes, easy chair t 

runs upon wheels 
Fauteur, rice. s. a favourer 
FKatif,ve. a. faulty 
Fauve, 3. a. fallow^ rufua 
Fauvette, sf. tom-Ut; henrUmut 
Faux, sm. a scythe 
Faux, fausse, a. false; shfm 
FnvLx, sm. falsehood ^ 

— bouns, euburb 

— frais, pi. idle evpvMes 

— fuyant, «ir. a shift, evasion 

— monnoyeur,/ai«e coiner 

— semblant, deceitful appear' 

— brillant, tinsel 

— bourdoD, church-musie 

— pll, a wrong fold 

— saunage, smuggling of salt 

— saunier, smugger of salt 
F6age, sf. feoffment 

F6al, e. a. trusty " 

— , sm. F^aux, pi. liege, vassal 

F6bricitant, e. troubled with an 

Febrifuge, sm. febrifuge 
F*c68, */. pi. feces, dregs 
F^cond, e. a. fruitful, teeming 
F^conditd, sf. fecundity, power, 
genius, plenty 
''eciile, sf. lees, sediment 
Feculence, sediment 
Feculent, e. a. feculent, foul' 
F^d^raliser, va. to unite, to as- 
Fid^ratif, ve. a. federativo 
F6e, */. a fairy 
F6er. va. to enchant 
F«erie, */. fairyism [• limp 
Felndre, va. to feign; dissomble; 


Feinte, sf. feint, dieguise 
Feintise, dissembling 
F^ler,* crack 
Felicitation, sf. congratulation 
Filicitik,felieUy, bliss 
F61iciter, va, to congratulate; to 

F6km, ne. a. s. felonious, f desk 
F^Ionie, ^f. felony, rebellioH 
F^louque, fAuoca 
F^lure, a crack, chink 
FemeUe,/eflMa«, hen, 

Fdminin, e. a. /muatne; ipa- 

F^miniser, va. * moke fomAnimt 
Femme, sf. a woman, w^e 

— de charge, housekeeper 
Femmelelte, a ««U|r, moam, «»- 

FenaisoD, hssy-horvest 
Fendant,Mi. a cutting blow 
Faiie le fendant, to buUy, to hoo- 
Fenderie, sf. the cutting of iron 

bars, chafery 
Fendeur, sm. cleaver 

— de naseaux, a buUy, hectoring 

Fendoir, a cleaving tool 
Fendre, va. to * cleave, * splU, * 

crack,*rip up,* break through 
Fendtrage, sm. the windows 
Fenfttre, sf. a window 
Fenil, sm. a hayloft «l 

FeaovAl, fennel 
Fenouillette, sf. aniseed brandy; 

sort of apple 
Feme, a cleft, chink, crock, slit, 

F^odal, e. a. feudal, feodal 
Fer, am. iron, sword 

— k friser, a pair of pinekinff 

— k paseer, smoothing iron 

— de lacet, tag of a lace 

— d'une caiuie, ferrule ofaeoMO 

— de cheval, horse-shoe {in for- 

Fer Mane, sm. tin 

Fers, pi. chains, slavery, fetters 

Ferblantier, sm. a tin-man 

Ferler, oa. to furl 

Fermue, sm. rent, hir$ 

Fennail, a dasp 


Ferme, ^f, a farm 

Bail k feme, mi. a leue 

Fena»t 3. a. firm^ »Uad^i rt»9- 

bOe^ strong^ luttg 
— I ad. fa*tt hard 
Fenoement, firmly; retohUdy 
Fennent, tm. ferment^ leaven 
Fermeotatif, ve. a. —taUve 
Fermentatioii, sf, fermentmg 
Fermenter, va. to ferment 
Fermer, to * akut^ to dooe^ * Hop 

— & la clef, to lock 

— aa verrou, to bolt 

3e feimer,* shutt eloae mp 
YermeLtj sf firmneto^ hturdnoso; 

Fenneture, sknttertt ire. far ike 

eeeurity of a hotue 
Fermier, e. «. a farmer 
Fennoir, em. a claep^ ^wel 
F6roce, 2.^cey eandge 
F6rocit6, af ferocity ^avageneee 
Ferraille, old irvn. 
Ferrailler, vn. Utfenee^ to tttt 
FerraiUeur, am, a tilter^ bully 
Ferrandine, af. ferrandtne 
Ferrandinier, am. f^andina- 

Ferrant (marshal,) /orr'ier 
Ferrement, an iron tool 
Ferrer, va. to * bind about with 
iron work 

— an cheval, to ahoe a horaa 

— an lacet, to tag a Iocs 

— une canne, to * tip a com 

— la mule, to cheat one 
Ferret, am. a tag 
Ferreiv, a tagger of laeea 
Ferri^re, af. farrier* a pouch 
Ferronnerie, af. iron ware-houae 
Ferronniec, e. a. ironmonger 
Ferrogineux, se. a.ferruginoua^ 

Ferrure, •/. ironrworkf ahoeing 

of a horse ' 

Fertile, 2. a.fertae,fruiiful,fuU 

of, teeming 
Fertilement, ad. fruitfully 
Fertiliser, va. tofertilite 
Fertility, af. fertility, plenty 
F6ru, e. a. smitten with; fond 

of a thing 
Feryemment, ad, fervently 
Fervent, e. a, fervent 
FcrveuTt af* fervour ^ ual 


Firule, famUtt palmer 
Fesable, 3. a-feaaibU, lawful 
Feaeur, Faiaeor, le. a. am. ma- 
ker; doer 
FeflK, •/. buttock^ back, 
Feflse^cahier, am. a hired eepyiat 
Fesse-mathieu, a miaer; « atan- 

Fesa^e, •/. whipping 
Feaser, va. Jlagt * whip aver a 

Feaaeitr, se. a. afiogger 
Feaaier, sm. bottom 
Feami, e. a. that has good but- 
' toeha 

Festin, am. afeaaty baaafuet 
FeBtimex^va. to feuat 
Feston, am. festoon; acoUop 
Featonner, va. tofeatoots; acoUop 
Featoyer, tofeaat 
F6te, ^f. afeaaU helyday; festi- 
FAte dea morta, JiU Souls day 
F6te-Dieu,' Corp^ ChrisH day 
Ffttea du palais, j>I. vacation-time 
Fdter,* keep holiday; to 

* make welcome 
Fetiche, af. the name of idola 

among the negroea 
F6tide, 2. a. fetid; atinking 
Fitii, am. atraWi mote 
Feu, fire; beacon; family; paa- 

— de Joie, bot^re 
•— d'artlfice, fir^^ark 

— de paUIe, a auMen blate 

— du ciel, thunder and lightning 

— foUet, ipiiafatuua 

— gr^geoia, wild-fire 

— aaint ebne, ignis fatuua 
Feu, e. a. lato, deceased 
Feudataire, am. feudatory 
Feudiste, a. am. feudist 
Fftve, tf. bfon 

— de maraia, a garden bean 

— de haricot, French bean 

— de caflfe, coffee-berry 
F^verole, email bean 
Feuillage, em. leavta of a tree; 

branched work 
FeuillaiM, begging friara 
Feuillantiue, af. paatry * made 

Feuiliantiiiea,pl. nwna of the or- 
\ der of St. Barnard 



Feollle, •/. Uitf, aheet^f papar^ 
foUj minute, Ml^foilage 

— VDlante, loose sheet 
F«uill«e, a bower; shady plaea 
Feuille-morte, a. filemot, brown 
FeuiUer,* draw the leaaaa 
FeuiUet, am. leaf of a book 
Feuilletage, puff-paaU 
FeuiUet^, a light cake 
FeuiUeier, va. to turn aver « 


— la p&te, to • make p^ff-paata 
Feuillette, af. halfhogakead 
Feuillu, e. a. fall ofleavea 
Feuillure, af. the groove into 

which doora^ ^c* are inaartad 
F6vrier, am. February 
Feurre, straw, chaff 
Feutre,/ett, scurvy hat 
Feauet, va. to felt 
Fiacre, am. a hackney coacft, a 

Fian9aiIIea, sf. pi. a betrothing 
Fianc6,*«». bridegroom 
Fiancee, */. bride 
Fiancer, va. to betroth 
Fibre, */. fibre, filament 
FibreuXj'ae. a. fibrous 
Fibrille, sf. a very small slander 

Ficeler, va. to tie, to * bind 
Ficelle, sf. packthread 
Ficeliier, sm. a reel 
Fiche, sf. hinge hook; fish {at 

Ficber,* stick in 
Fichu,«ni.a woman*s neck-handr 

Ficbu, e. a. pitiful, silly 
Fichumeot, ad. pitifully 
Ficdf, ve. a. fictitious, supposed 
Fiction, sf. fiction, lie, story 
Fid^i-commis, sm. feoffment of 

— comini8saire,/eoJvM of trust, 

Fiddle, 2. a. s. faithfid, loyal, 

Fid^tement, ad. faiUfully 
Fid61it6, */. fidelUy; faithful 

ness; loyalty 
Piduciaire, 2. o. fiduciary 
Fief, sm. fief; tenure; fee; mo* 

nor; feud 



Fief dominant, manor belonging 

to a lord paramount 
Fieff6, e. a. arrant, merSj very 
Fieffer, va. to enfeoff 
Fiel, sm. gall, grudge 
F&ente, sf. dung 
Fienter, va. to dung^ to ntute 
Fier, va. to intrtist 
8e fier, vr. to rely, trust to 
Fier, e. a. proud; lofty; fierce 
Fier 4 bras, em. hector, bully 
Fi^rement, qd. haughtily 
Fiert^, af. pride; haughtineea; 

stateliness; fierceness 
Fierte, shrijufor relics 
Fidvre, a fever, ague 

— intermittente, intermitting 

— lente, hectic fever 

— scarlaline, scarlet fever 

— miinaire, miliary fever 

— ardente, calenture 

— ctiaud, a violent fever 

— tierce, a tertian ague 

— quarte, a quartan ague 

— pourpr6e, spotted fever 
Fi6vrcux,ae. a. feverish; aguish 
Fi6vrote,ar/. little fever 

Fifre, 8m,fife,fifer 
Figement, congealing 
Figer, va. to congeal, coagulate 
FIgnoler, vn. to strive to excel 

others {low) 
figue, sf. a fig, a sneer 
Figuerie, orchard of fig-trees 
Figuier, sm. a fig-tree 
Figuratif, ve. a. figurative. 
Figurativement, ad. —:vely 
Figure, sf. figure; form; shape 
Figuriment, ad. figuratively 
Figurer, va. to figure, express 
Be—, vr. to imagine, fancy 
Figurer, vn. to look well; to 

snatch; suit; rank 
Figurines, sf. pi. very little fi- 
gures in painting 
FIT, sm. thread; wire; edge; 

— retoFB, tioine 

— d'or, gold wire 
Filage, am. spinning 
FUainent, filament, thread 
Fiiamenteux, ae. a. that has fi- 
laments, filaceous 

Filandiere, sf. a spinster 

Fiiandres, pi, sea-weeds on a 

ship^s bottom; motes ;filanders 

Filandreux, se. a. full offilan- 

ders, motes, *S-c. 
FilsiaaGfSfftax, or hemp, reeuly 

to * be * spun 
Fiiassier, sm.flax or Amp dress- 
Pilaiure, sf. spinning 
File, ji/«, row, order 
— a la file, ad. in a row 
Filer, va. to * spin, * wire-draw; 

vn. to rope; file off; purr 
Filer doux, to * give fair wor4s 
Filerle, sf. the place where hemp 

orfiax * t» * spun 
Filel, am. string, filet, net,ridge; 

Fiieur, se. a. spinner, wire-draw- 
er; string-maker; spinster 
FmBA,e. a. filial 
Filialement, ad. son-like 
Filiation, sf. —tion, descent 
Filiire,wire-drawingiron; win- 
Fiiigranei sm. filigrane, or fili- 
Fiile, sf. girl, maid, daughter 
Fillette, a young lose 
Filleul, am. a god-aon 
Filleule, af. a god-daughter 
Filon, am. vein in a mine 
Filoselle, af. ferret-sUk, gro- 

FiTou, sm. aharper; pick-^^ocket 
Filouter, va. to pilfer; dkeat 
Filouterie, af. pilfering; aharp- 

Fils, am. aon, child, hoy 
Filtration, af. straining 
Filtre, am. atufffor straining li- 
quors, a filter, cAorm 
Piitrer, va. to filtrate [ing 

Pilure, sf. spinning, wire-draw- 
Fin, sm. end, aim, scope, design 
FiiifCienning; main point; cgream 
Pin, e. a. fine, thin, subtle; sly; 

cunning; sharp; nimble 
Finage, am. extent of a juria- 

Final, e. a. final, laat 
Fipalement, ad. finally 
FinsMfje, af. du^, tqx 
Finaace»,pl.finaneea, treasury, 
exchequer^ apunge 


Financer, «. to raise money - 
Financier, sm. financier 
Finaaser, vn. to carry it eun 

ningly - 

Finasseur, se. a. s, sly man^ or 

Finasserie, sf cunning, craft 
Finaud, e. a. low, cunning man 
Finement, ad. finely; cunningly 
Finesse, sf. finenessi artifices 

slyness; ingenuity; jest; da 

Finer, te. a. subtle; aly 
Finiment, 9m. the finiaMng of a 

Finir, va. to finish; io end 
Finisseur, <m. afiniaher 
Fiole, af. vial 
Fion, am. the finishing 
Firmament, tAe firmanunti sky 

cope of heaven 
Fisc, the king*s treasure 
Fiscal, e. a. fiscal 
Fissure, sf. fissure, crack 
F\Btu\e, fistula, ulcer 
Fistuleux, se. a. fistulous 
Fixation, sf. — tton, setting of 

Fixe, 3. a. fixed, steady 
Fixement, ad. fixedly, ateadfasU 

Fixer, va. to * fix, settle 
Fixit^, sf. fixity, fixidity 
Flacon, sm. a decanter, smMing 

Flagellation, sf. scourging 
Flageller, va. to scourge 
,FlagA)let, sm. aflagelet 
Flagorner, vn. to * pick-thanks 
Flagomerie, sf. picking of 

Flagomeur, se. s. a pick-thank 
Flagrant, 6te pris en flagrant 

d6lit, to * be* taken in tha 

Flair, sm. scent (m hunting) 
Flaire, va. to ♦ smdl; to * fort' 

Flaireur, am. a paraaite 
Flambant, e. a. blazing 
F\&mhey af. flag (a flower) 
Flambeau, am. a flambeau; can- 

dleatiek; light; Unk; fire- 
brand; boute-feu 
Flamber, va. to aingt; tc baata 


Ftamber, vn. to blateyjUuh 
Flainberge, sf. a rapier 
Flamboyant, e. a. gliatering 
FJamboTer, rn. to glister 
Flamine, am. Jtamen (a Roman 

Flainme, «/. fiame; »hip*a pen- 
dant; steam 
Fiammdche, a spark of fixe 
Flan, am. custard; plate " 
Flanc, iUmkf side 
Flandrm, «<sm, long-backed felr 

Flanelle, af.fiannel 
FJanquer, va. tojlank; to * give 
Flaque, sf. aplaah; pond, 

Flaqu^e, a dash ofvtaUr 
Flaqaer, va. to dash, to sluice 
Fiaaque, 2. a. faints Jlakbj/ 
Flfttrer,* bum in the, 

Flatter, to JlatUr; please^ * make 

muck of^ hug 
Be flatt)er,va. toJlaiUr one* a self 
Flatterie, sf. fiaUery^ fawning 
Flatteur, 9e.a,a.fiatterit^^fiatr 

Flatteusement, ad. Jlatteringly; 

Flatueuz, ae. a.flatuUnt 
FJataodt^, af. jCainoaity^ wind 
Fl^au, Ml. a JlaUj a plague, a 

beam of a balance 
FKche, af. arrowy atitek^ beam, 

Fl^chir,* bendj to aoften, 

to relent, to aubmit 
Ft^chiasable, 2. a. flexible, pli- 
Fl^cbinement, am. gem^fiexunij 

Fl^chiflseur, bender 
Fl^matique, c. a. -—tie; grave 
Fl^trir, v. to fade, to blemish, 

FKtriaBore, af. toitheringt ble- 

miah, mark of having been 

branded, diagraee 
Fleur, a flower; blossom; bloom; 

lustre; choice; prime; flourish 
Fleur de farine, fine flower 
Flenr-de-Us, a flower-de-lute * 
Fbror de la paariosf paoaion- 



Fleur A fleur, ad. even with 
Fleuraison, af. Uu blowing time 

Fleurdeliser, va. to flourish with 

flower-de-luee, to brand 
Fleurer, Flairer, vn. to * smell 
Fleuret, am. a ferret, fencing- 

Jvil, greas silk 
Fleuretis, flourish in muaic^ 

empty stuff {jolitig 

FIcureite, */. a littlB flower; ca- 
Fleurir, vn. to blossom, to * blow, 

to flourish, •* grow hoary 
Fleuriste, a. a florist 
Fleuron, am. a flower-work, gem, 

border, tool 
Pleuve, am. a large river 
Fiezibilii^, af. pliableneaa 
Flexible, 2. a. flexible, aupplo 
Flexion, af. flexion, bending 
Flibustier, am. a buccaneer 
Flic flac, ad. thwiek thwack 
Ftoeon, am. flake, flock, tuft 
Floral, e. a. floral 
Florentine, */. aort of * wrought 

aatin, also a aort of fine tulip 
Florin, am. a florin, one ahiUing 

and tenpence 
Florissant, e. a. flourishing 
Flot, am. a wave, tide 
Flottage, the carrying a float of 

wood down a river 
Flotiant, e. a. floating, waver- 
ing, fleeting 
Flotte, af. a fleet, a crowd 
Flotter,#ii. to float, fluctuate 
Flotille, af.flotiUa 
Fluant, e. a., running, blotting, 

Fluctuation, */. —tion 
Fluctueux,se. a.fluctuoua; boia- 

Fluer, vn. to flow; to * run 
Fluer & refluer, to ebb and flow 
Fluet, te. a. puny; tender . 
Fluide, 3. a. fluid; fluent 
Flui&it^, af. —ty, volubility 
Flute, a flute; pink (a sh^) 
Flute Allemande, ou tiaversi^re, 

a German flute 
Fliiter, vn. to pipe, to tope 
Flikteur, sm. a piper 
Fldviatile, 2. a. of fresh water 
Flux, sm. flood; tide; flux; 
flush at tarda 

FON 89 

Flux de sang, bloody flux 

— de venire, looseness 

— d'urine, diabetes 

— de bouclie, chattering, alwrnya 

Fluxion, af. drfluxion; cold, m- 
flammation; rheum 

— aux yeux,*a course ofhumoura 
in theepea 

Fluxionaire, 2. a. rheumatic 
FocQs, sm. focus, centre 
F(Bt\iB,ftetu8, embryo 
Foi, sf. faith; evidence; fealty 
Foible, 2. a. feebU, weak, faint 

, sm. foible, weak side 

Foiblement, ad. weakly; fainOy 
Foiblesse, sf. weakness; swoon 

— de courage, faint-hearted" 

Foibiir, vn. to slacken; to * give 

Foie, sm. the liver 
Foin, hau 

— d'arriere aaison, after-matk 

— d'un articiiaut, the choke of 
an artichoke 

Foin, int. fv upon t 

Foire^sf. fair; fairing; looseneaa 

Foireux, se. a. a. troubled with a 

Fois, sf. time, bout 
Foisoo, plenty, abundance 
Foiaonner, vn. to abound, in- 

Folfttre, 2. a. a. playful, wanton^ 

waggiah, a romp 
Fol&trement, ad. wantonly. 
Fol&trer, vn. to play, to toy 
Folfttrerie, af. playing, wanton 

FoliclKm, ne. m. a. aportive, a 

Folie, af. folly, madness, debaw- 

ehery, fondness; wanton dia/^ 

Folle, a. f vid. Fou 
Follement, ad. madly^ foolishly 
Follet, te. a. wanton 
Folliculaire, 2. a. follicular 
FollKule, sm. foUicula, or tka 

bladder of the gall, follieula 
Fomentation, «/ —tion 
Fomenter, va. to foment; abet 
Fonc6,e. a. monied,weU-gr$um4r 




Cottleat fone^e, ^f, m itep m- 

Foncer, va. to gvfphfwUhf ^pmt 
a head to • eaaky*faU upon 

Foncier, e. a. skUUd m, learned 

Fonci^rementf ad. thoroughly 

Fonction, ef. fvnUiouy office 

F(md, sm. bottom^ ground^ nudn 
pointy baekpart, head of a eaek 

Fond de cale, h^ of a ship 

Fond de lit, teeter 

Fondamental, e. c fundamen- 

Pierre fondamentale, ^f, foun- 

FoDdamoitalemei^ ad. fundor 

Fondant, e. a. meUihg 
Fondant, etn. dieeolvent 
Fondateur, a founder 
Fondation, gf. foundation, en- 

Fondatrice, afoundreee 
Fondement, em. foundation^ bar 

at>, eauee^ fundament 
Fonder, va. to founds ground^ to 

* lay the foundation; endow 
fle — , »r. to* be grounded 
Fomderie, »f. a foundry , the art 

of easting 
Fondeur, em. a founder 
Fondre, va. to melt, * eaet^ *faU 

in; *faU away; * sink, *pu8h 

upon, eteop down , 
Fcmdriere, sf. a quagmtret beg 
Fondrilles, pi. grounds, leee 
Fonda, mi. leauL, eoU^fund, stock 
— d'amortiswment, sinking 

FOnger, va. to sink, to blot 
Fongible, 2. a. consumable 
Fongueuz, se. a. spengiouSffun- 

Fongua, sm. excrescence 
Fontaine, sf. fountain; spring, 

cistern, issue 
Fontange, a top-knot 
Fonte, melting; east-iron, font' 
Fontenier, sm. a conduit-maker 
Fonticalc, sf. fontanel, issue 
Fonts, Ml. pi. the font, baptisnud 

Forage, mi. duty on wine 
Forain, e. s. foreign, aUen 
, e. 8. foreigner^ aUem 


Forban, sm. apiraU 
Format, • galiey-elave 
Force, sf. strength, fortitude, 
violetue,force, power, magna- 
»mt£y, energy 
Force, a. many, plenty, store 
Forcdment, ad. forcibly 
Forcen^., e. a. mad, in a fury 
Foroener, vn,to* be mad 
Forcer, va. to force; to • break 

Forceps, mi. pi. surgeon^s pin- 
Forces, sf. pi. shears, forces, 

troops, strength 
Forcettes, jil. small shears 
Forclorre, va. to forejudge, pre- 
Forcluoon, sf. forejudging 
Forer, va. to bore, to drill 
Forestier, sm. forester, ranger 
Foret, sf' a forest 
Foret^ sm. a gimlet, a piercer 
Forfkire, v. to trespass, forfeit 
Forfait, mi. a crime; misdoing 
Forfaiture, sf. forfeit, offence 
Forftnterie, romancery, quaeh. 

Forge, a forge 
Forger, va. to forge; to ham- 
mer, to invent 
Foiger, vn. to over^reach (a« 

some horses do) 
Forgeron, mi^ a blacksmith 
ForgeuT, forger, hammerer 
Fwligner, vn. to degent^aU 
de forlonger, vr. to * rUM a 

length, linger 
Se formaliser, to * take offence 
Formaliate, 2. a. s. formalist 
Formality, sf. formality, form 
Formariage, sm. clandestiHe 

Format, size of a book 
Formation, sf. forming 
Formairice, o. /. formative 
Forme, sf, form^ last, shape, 
figure, manner, formality; 
block; stall in a choir 

— (pour des bas,) a leg 

— de chapeau, crown of a hat 
Formel, le. a. formal, precise, 

Foimellement, ad. formally i ex- 


Fonnor, va. to form, frame, 

* make, fashion, start, * put 

— un si^ge, * lay a formal siege 

— le proces, * draw an indict- 

— (instmire,) to inform; train, 

* bring up 

Se —,* be made, to "* be 
bred, to arise; to * grow a 
Formidable, S. a. formidalbU 
Formier, mi. a last^maker 
Fmamiaite, a. formulary 
Formule, sf. set form 
Fomicateur, sm. fornicator 
Fornication, sf. —tion, ideleUry 
Fors, pr. save, except 
Fort, e. a. strong, stout, hard 
Fort, sm. master-piecei skift, 

heat, bias, fort 
Fort, ad. very, very much, hard 
Fort et ferme, stoutly 
Fortonent, strongly, stoutly 
Forteresse, •/. a fortress 
Fortifiant, e. a. strengthening 
Fortiftcateur, sm. etrengthener 
Fortification, sf. —tion 
Fortifier, va. to fortify, ta 

strenMken, corroborate 
Se — ,vrito gather strength 
Fortin, sm. little fort, scouts 
Fortraire, va. to convey away 
Fortttit, e. a. fortuiUn^s, casual 
Fortuitement, ad. accidentally, 

casually, by chance 
Fortune, sf. fortune, luck, condi 

tion, deetiny, chance 

— de mer, storm 

Fortune, e. a. fortunate; happy 
FortvStu, sm. a scoundrel; up 

start, beggar ' 

Forum, forum 
Forure sf. key-hole, bore 
Fosse, grave, pit, hole 
~ de iMQstomac, pit of the ata 

Fo»6, sm. ditch, moat 
Foeset, a peg, faucet 
Fossette, sf. chuck-hole, dimpU 
Fossile, 2. a. sm. fossil 
FosBoyer, va. to moat round 
FoBBoyeur, sm. a grave digger^ 



Foo, fol, le. a. mad; »%Uy; v«y 

fffnd; foolish 
— ^ am, a fool; jester; a hishop 

«t chess; beech-tree 
Fouage, hearth-money 
Fouailler, va. tofUtgy to lash 
Foadre, sf. thunder-boU 
— , sm. a large tun 
Foudroiement, sm. thunder- 

Foudroyant, e. a. ihundering^ 

Foudroyante, sf. squib; rocket 

resembling a thundear-bolt 
Foudmjer, va. to thunder-strike; 

batter; fulminate 
— ^ tm. to storm 

Fou6e, sf. fowling by candle- 
light [lash 
Foaetf sm. wiliji, vhipcord^ rodf 
Fouett6, e.a. whipt 
Fouetser, v'a. to * whipt lash^ to 

Fouetteor, se. s, ajlogger 
Fouger, va. to root^ ta * dig 
Fougeraie, sf. femey ground 
Fougere, fern , [ship) 

Fougon, sm. a cook-room (in a 
Fougue, sf. heatf impetuosity 
Fougueux, se. a. fitry^ hot; «»- 

rulu * 

FoaiUe, sf. trenching, \'aking up 
FooUte-au-pot, sm. a scuUion 
Fotti^er, va. to trench; to rake 

up; to rummage; * search 
Fouine, sf. a polecat 
Fouir la terre, va. to * dig the 
. ground 
Foula^e, sm^ the pressing of 

Foule, sf. crowd; throng; op- 
pression; fuUi^g 
>'ouler, va. to tread; to fatt; 

trample on; oppr^s; gaU 
-— du drap, to mill doth 
Foulerie, sf. hatter's or fuller's 

leorkhouse; wine-press . 
FoaScuTf sm. a grape-treader; a 

Foul^es, sf. pi. deer*s tracks 
F^lo^, sm. hatter's Working 

board; trqugh of a press 
FouloA, afiiUer 
Foulure, sf, sprain, surbating 
Four, fill, oven; kiln; bakfi-house 


Foarbe, cheat, impostor 

— , 3. a. cheating; deceitful^ 

— , sf. imposture, cheat 
Pourber. va. to cheat; to * trick 
Fourberie, */. imposture, cheat 
Pourbir, va. to furbish 
Fourbisseiir, sm. a sword- cutler 
Fourbissure, sf. furbishing 
Fourbu, e. a. foundered 
Fourbure, sf. foundering 
Fourche, a pitchfork 
Fourches patibulairee, a gibbet . 
Foarcher, vn. to * grow forked 
Fourchette, sf. a fork 
FourchoD, sm. a fork with three 

Fourchon, prong of a fork 
Fourcha, e. a. forked, cloven 
Fourgon, sm. a sort of wagon, 

an oven-fork, pok§r 
Fouigonner, va. to stir the >Sne; 

to poke; to fumble about 
Fourmi, sf. ant, pismire 
Fourmillant, e. a. swarming 
Fourmillement, sm. pricking; 

itchtJig [to * be full of 

FourmiUer, vn. to swarm with, 
Fourmilliere, sf. an anVs nest; 

a throng; a swarm 
Fournaise, a furnace; kiln; 

trial [mine 

Fourneaui^m. a stove, kiln, smeM 
Foumde, sf. batch of bread, 

Fournier, sm. an oven-tender 
Four nil, a bake-house 
Foumimentf powder-fiask 
Foumir, va. to furnish; * find; 

afford; * make up, supply 
Foumir, tm. to serve the turn 
Foumissement, sm, furniture; 

Foumisseur, contractor 
Foumiture, sf. furnishing; pro- 
vision, furniture, remittance, 

trimming, small salad 
Fourrage, sm. fodder, forage 
Fourrager, v. to forage, ravage 
Fourrageur, sm, forager 
Fourreau, a ease, scabbard 
Fourreau de robe, a frock 
Fourrer, va. to thrust in; to * 

stuff with; to fur 



Se fourrer, vr. to intrmie owl's 

self; engage.— Fair fourr^e, 

deceitful peace 
Fourreur, sm. furrier, skinner 
Fourrier, harbinger, provider 
Fourriere, sf. a wood-yard^ 

Fourrure, a fur, fur-lining 
Fourv<^ement, mi. a going 

astray; error 
Fourvoyer^ en. to * misUod 

3 — , vr. to go out of siuI'm 

way, to err 
Fouteau, sm. a beech-tres 
Foyer, a hearth; heat; ^0U9e; 

centre; seat; a ttrny-r^hR/ 

Fracas, crash, clatter, noise 
Fracasser, va. to * break im 

Fraction, sf. fraction 
Fractionnaire, 2. a. fractional * 
Fracture, sf. fracture, breaking 
Fracture, e. a. broken 
Fragile, 3. a, frail, brittle 
FragUit6, •/. —Uty, frailty, bri^ 

Fragment, sm. afragvient 
Frai, spawn, fry, wearing out 
Fraichement, ad, coolly; newly; 

Fraicheurjj/. coolness; freshness 
Fraichir, vn. to increase (i^eak- 

JAg of the wind) 
Frame, sf. a merry-making; 

Frais, fraiche, a. cool, fresh, 

new, recent, raw [air 

Frais,; coolness; fresh 
Frais, pi. charges, expenses 
Frais, ad. newly, coolly 
Fraiae, sf. a strawberry; ruff; 


de vean, calfs pluck 

Fraieer, va. to plait; knead; 

Fraisctte, •/. small strawberry 
Fraisi, sm. cinders 
Fraisier, strawberry plant 
Framboise, sf. raspberry 
Framboiser, va. to * give a tasta 

of raspberry 
Frambotsier, sm. raspberry bush 
Fnnc^Jivre, a piece of money^ 

value 90 pence t^-eneh 



Franc, Arauche, a. />^; ftamk; 

mere; arr,ifU; tr««> »pim 
Fru.ic, aX i^iMi^,' Jii»Hf: eom- 

Ft aiic^aM, «M. mUow»nce of salt 

— aUtHi, a>>*«*«»ii< 

■ totmucior, » freeholder 

Fratkcliemeot, <td. plainly, freely 
Frano^r, m. t« * leap ooer, to 

Ftaueiibe, sf. immunity; free- 
Praaelser, vn. to Frenchify 
Francois, sm. Francis 
Frau(ois, e. a. s. French 
Fr8Ji{.ois, sm. Frenchman 
FraD9oisQ, sf. Frenchwoman 
Frange, /r<n^0, border 
Frangeon, sm. little fringe 
Fraager, va. to fringe 
Franger, e. *. fringe-maker 
^Frangipane, sf. kindofperftune, 

cream aj^ almond cake 
Fraaque, a. (la langae) a lan- 
guage used in the Levant; 
lingua franca 
Franquette— & la firanqaette, too 

freely; without ceremony 
Frappant, e. a. striking; essen- 
tial^ material 
Frappe, sf. stamping 
Frappe-main, sm. hot cockles 
Frappement-de-maina, dapping 

of hands 
Frapper, va. to • strike, * smMe, 
^ knock [ney 

— de la moRQoie, to stamp mo- 
•— des mains, to * clap 
Frappeur, se. s. striker, knocker 
Frasqile, sf. a trick 

Frater, sm. a young barber 
Fratemel, le. a. brotherly 
Fraternellement, ad. fraternal- 
ly; lovingly 
Fraterniaer, vn. to Uve in a bro- 
therly manner 
Fraternity, sf. -^ity; brotherly 

love, society 
Fratricide, sm. fratricide 
Fraude, */. fraud; deceit; cheat 
Frauder, va. to defraud; cheat 
— — las droits, to smuggle 
Fraudeur, «iii. defrauder 
— — de douane, a smuggler 
Prauduleusement, ad. ftOMdvr- 
IvnUy; »y a trick 


Frauduleux, se. a. fraudulent, 

fraudulous, crafty 
Fnyer, vn. to open, to ♦ show, 

rub agiunst,graze,spawn,a^ee 
Frayeur, */. fright; dread; Jear 
Fredaine, a prank; frolic 
Fredon, sm. trilling; quavering; 

alee i* shake 

inner, vn. to trill; quaver. 
Frigate, »/. a frigate 
Frein, sm. bit, bndle, curb 
Prelampier, a mere scrub , 
Frelater, va. to adulterate 
Frelaterie, sf. sophistication 
FrSle, 2. a. frad; weak; brittle 
Frelon, sm. a hornet, drone 
Freluciie, sf. a tuft 
Freluquet, sm. a prig, spark 
Fr6mir, vn. to shudder; chafe, 

to roar, to simmer, tremble 
Fr6mi33ement, a shuddering; 

trembling; humming 
Frdne, an ash tree 
Fr6n63ie, sf. a frenzy, madness 
Fr6n6tiqae, 2. a. s. frantic 
Frequemment, ad. frequently 
Frequence, sf. frequency 
Frequent, e. a. frequent; usual 
Fr6quentatif, ve. a. —taiive 
Fr<iqaentation, sf frequenting, 

hunting, conversing 
Frequenter, va. to frequent, 

haunt, * keep company with 
Frequenter, va. to use a place 
Pr6re, vn. a brpther « 
Fr^re (religieux,) friar, inonk 

dc kit, foster-brother 

Frerea jumeauz, pi. twins 
Fr6rot, sm. little brother . 
Fresaie, sf. screech-owl 
Fresque (peindre &,} to paint in 

Fressure db reaa^ff. calf s pluck 
Fresaure de coimon, sf. hog's 

Fret, sm. freight 
Fr6ter, va. to freight 
Freteur, sm. freighter, owner 
Frdtillant, e. a. fluttering; frisk- 
Freuilement, sm. frisking 
Pritiller, vn. to fHsk, flutter 
Fretin, sm. a fry, trash 
Fretle, sf. ferrule; ferril; iron- 



Frdtte, e. a. fretton (Jin herala 

Priabiiit6, sf. —lity 
Friable, 2. a. friabU, brittU 
Frland, e. a. dainty, nice 
Friand, e. s. sweet tooth 
Friandise, */. daintiness 
Friandises, pi. tid-bits 
Fricandeau, sm. Scotch- coUops 
Fricassee, sf. fricassee 
Fricasser, va. to fry; to squander 

Fricasseur, em. a paltry cook 
Friclie, sf. land untiUed 
Friction, —tion; rubbing 
Frigidite, naturaJ'f rigidity; cool' 

Frigorifique, 3. a. cooling 
Frilleux, se. a. chilly 
Frinias, sm. rime, hoarfrost 
Frin^ant, e. a. gamesome; airy^ 

Fringuer, v. to frisk, to rinse 
Friper, vn. to rumble, gobble 

down; * spoil, squander away 
Friperie, sf. a second hand 


, broker'' s trade 

, broker^ s street 

Frlpe-sauce, sm^ lickspit 
Fripeur, a waster 
Fripier, e. s. a salesman; a bro- 
Fripon, ne. a. s. roguish; rogue 
Friponneau, sm. little rogue 
Friponner, va. to cheat; to play 

Uie truant 
Friponnerie, sf. knavish trick 
Friponnier, sm. a sharper 
Friquet, a slice; a prig; a kind 

of sparrow 
Erire, va. to fry, squander 
Frise, sf. frieze, flanr^l 
Friser, va. to curl, erisp, graxe^ 

ruffie, knap 
Frisoir, sm. hair bodkin 
Frison, under petticoat 
Frisotter, va. to frizzle, crisp 
Frisquette, sf. a frisket 
Frisson, sm. a shivering; a cold 

Friaaonnemeni, feverish, «iki««r> 

Friasonner, vn, to ahiv^i *^^' 



Frisare, */. curling-t curl 
Friiillaure, sf. —lanj, (a flower) 
Friture, frying; fried fish; drip- 
Frivote, 2. a. frivolous^ votn, 

Frivolite, sf. frivolozisnesg 
Froc, snt. monk's habit 
Frocard, a vnmk {ironically) 
Frocqu6, a. who wears a months 

Froid, e. a. cold; frigid; grave 
Froid, stn. cold, coldness 
Faire, ou battre froid, to receive 

coldly y to look cold on 
Froidemeiit, ad. coldly^ weakly 
Froideur, sf. coldness^ cold re- 
ception^ indifference 
Froidir, vn. to * grow cold 
Froidure, sf. cold {of the air) 

, winter (in poetry) 

Froidareux, se. a. chilly 
Froi8Beinent,jni. collision; bnUS' 

ingy dashing 
Froisser, va. to bruise; to m 

pie; to dash to pieces 
Froimnre, sf. a bruise 
Frdlement, sm. grating 
Fr6ler, va. to graze 
Fromaige, sm. cheese 
Fromager, e. s. cheesemonger 
Fromagerlc, sf cheese-market^ 

place where cheese is * made 
Fromageux, se. a. cheesy 
Froment, sm. whetU 

d^Inde, Indian com 

Fromentac^e, a. f.ef the genus 

Froncement de aourcUs, sm, 

Froncer, va. to gather; pucker 

le aourcil, to frown 

Froncis, sm. gather, pucker 
Fronde, a bile, felon 
Fronde, sf. a sting, faction 
Fronder, va. to * sting, stickle, 
to blame; to censure govern- 
Frondeur, sm. stinger, anticour- 

Her, a stickler 
Front, forehead; front; impu- 
Front a front, face to face 
Frontal, sm. a frontlet 
Fioateau, frontlet, head stall 


FronU^re, •/. frontiers^ borders 
Fronti^re, a. f frontier 
Frontispice, sm. frontispiece, 

Fronton, a pediment 
Frottage, rubbing 
Frottement, friction; rubbing 
Frotter, vo. to rub; * do over; 

Se — , vr. to meddle with 
Frotteur, ee. a rubber 
Prottoir, snu a rubbing-elotk 
Frouer. va. to call birds 
Fructifier, t7. to fructify; 'o 

thrive; to * be fruitful 
Fructilication, sf. — tion 
Fructueusement, ad. successful- 
ly, profitably 
Fructueux, se. «. lucrative; pro- 
Frugal, e. a. sober; frugal 
Frugalement, ad. soberly; fru- 
Frugalit6, sf. frugality, sober- 
Fnigivorc, 2. a. frugivorous 
Fruit, sm. fruit; advantage; 

profits; progress; effects 
Fruitage, /nitt {in general) 
Fruiterie, sf. fruitery, fruit-loft 
Fruitier, a. fruit-bearing; fru- 

Fruitier, sm. fruit-garden; fruit- 
Fruitier -regrattier, fruiterer 
Fruiti^r^ sf. a fruit or herb wo- 
Fruition, — tion, enjoyment 
Frusquin, sm. one*s all 
Frustrer, tja. to frustrate; balk; 

deprive of; disappoint 
Fugitif, ve- a. s. fugitive 
Fugue, sf. fugue, chace{in music) 
Fuie, small pigeon-house 
Fuir, va. to *Jiy, to * run away, 

to shift off, to shun 
Fuir, vn. to appear at a certain 

distance, to puff 
Fuitej sf. flight, avoiding; eva- 
Fulguration, —tion 
Fuligineux, se. a. fuliginous, 

Fulminant, e. a. storming; mad 
Fulmination, sf. —tion 

. FUS 


Fulminer, v. to fulminau, to 

fret and fume 
Fumant, e. a. smoking, fuming 
Furore, sf. smoke, steam 
Fumees, sf. pi. fumes, fumeta 
Fumcr, v. to smoke, to dung, to 

fret, to chafe 
Fumet, 8m.fiavour, taste 
Fumeur, a smoker 
Fumeux, se. a. smoky, fkmy, 

Fumier, sm. muck, dung, dung' 

Fumigation, */. —tion 
Fumiger, va. to fumigate 
Fun^bre, 2. a. funeral, dismal 
Funcr, va. to rig 
Fun^railles, sfpl. obsequies 
Fun^raire, 2. a. s. funeral, /u- 

Funeste, 2. a. fatal, unlucky 
Funestement, ad. fataUy 
Funeur, sm. a rigger 
Funin, rigging, a rope 
Fur— a fur et a mesure, from 

hand to mouth 
Furet, sm. a ferret 
Fureter, v. to ferret, to * search 
Fureteur, sm. aferretter; pryer 
Fureur, sf. fury, rage, madnesSf 

Furibond, e. a. s. furious; raging 

Furie, sf. fury, passion, heat 
Furieusement, ad. excessively 
Furieux, se. a. mad, furious, pro- 
Furuf, ve. a^ clandestine, by 

Furtivement, ad. by stealth 
Fusain, sm. the spindle-tree 
Fuseau, spindle; bobbin 
Fue6e, sf. sptndle-full, rocket, 

squib, fusee, barrel, fillet 
D6meler une fu86e, to clear an 

intricate business 
FuBeT,va. to slake,* run,* spread 
Fu8ibilil6, sf —lily 
Fusible, 2. a. fusible, fusile 
Fusil, sm. firelock, tinder-box, 

steel, light pin 
Fusilier, fusilier 
Fusillade, sf. a general discharge 

of small guns 
Fusion, sf. fusion, or metting 



Fustfgation, fiogging 
Fustiger, va. to scourge^ lash 
Fut, sm, gun-stocky shaft of a 
pillar^ S-umrbarrel; cash, staff 
Futaie, sf. a forest of lofty trees 
Fataille, a cask, a vessel 
FutaiUerie, wood fit for casks 
Futaine, fustian, dimity 
Futainier, 0m. fustian or dimity 

Fatd, e. a. crafty^ cunning 
Futile, 3. a. trifling, vain, futile 
Futility, sf. futaity, vanity 
Futur, e. a. future, to come 

, Ml. future tense; futurity 

, c a. said (in law) of per- 
sons who are on the point of 
Futurition, sf. —tion 
Fuyant, e. a. flying; fauz-fuyant, 

Fuyard, «fii. a runaway; coward 
, c a. apt to run away, fear- 


GABARE, sf. a lighter 
Gabari, sm. a model for 
Gabarier, Ivhterman 
GabelRge, the drying of salt in a 

Gabeler, va. to* let salt dry in 

a magazine 
Gabeleur, sm. a gableman 
Gabelle, sf. excise^ duty on salt 
Gabion, sm. a /ration 
Gabionnade, sf. — nade 
Gabionner, va. cover with ga- 
G&che, sf. staple, wall-hook 
G&cher, va. to *mix; rinse linen 
G&cheux, se. a. miry, slobby 
' Guchis, sm. slab, plash 
Gadelle, sf. currants 
Gadellier, sm. currant-bush 
Gadouard, a nightman 
Gadoue, sf. ordure, filth 
Gaffe, g({ff', ir<ni hook 
Gage, sm. pawn, token, pledge 
Gager, va. to hire, to bet, * lay 
Gagea, mi. pU wages, salary 
Gageur, k. #. a bHtsr 


Gagenre, •/. wager, bet 
GagJflte, sm. hired man in a 

Gagnage, pasture-ground 
Gagnages, Gagneries, crop 
Gagnant, e. s. a winner 
Gagne^enier, sm. a labourer 
Gagne-pain, livelihood 
Gagne-petit, knives, or scissors- 

Gagner, va. to • get, gain, * win, 

carry, reach, earn, bribe 
Gagner an pi6, scamper away 
Se gagner, vr. to * be catching 
Gagni, sf. jolly plump girl 
Gai, e. o. gay, merry, lively 
Gaiement, act. merrily, gatly 
Gaiety, sf. gaiety, mirth 
Galllard, e. a. merry, brisk, tipsy, 

gallant, jolly, pleasant 
Gaillard d'avant, sm. forecastle 
Gaillard d'arri^re, quarterdeck 
Gaillarde, sf. a sprightly dance 
Gaillardement, ad. mtrrily, 

bluntly, boldly 
Gaillardise, sf. frolic, gaiety 
Gain, sm. gain, lucre, profit 
Gain (au jeu,) winnings 
Gaine, sf. a sheath 
Gainier, sm. a sheath^ or ease- 
Galsi,fe€ut, entertainment 
Galamment, ad. genteelly,finety, 

gallantly f wisely 
Galant, e. a. genteel, clever 
Galant, sm. spark, sweetheart 
Galant, knot of ribands 
Galanterie, sf. gallantry, in- 

Galaxie, ths milky way . 
Galbanum, sm. — num (gum) 
Gale, sf. the itch, the mange 
Gal^e, a printer's galley 
Se galer, vr. to scratch, to rub 
Galore, sf. gaily, cornice 
Galeiie, gallery, balcony 
Gal^rien, sni. a galley-slave 
Galet, a shuffie-board, pebble 
Galetaa, a garret 
Galette, sf. a m^ffin 
Galeux, se. a. itchy 
Galeux, se. s. scabby man or 

6alimafr6e, •/. galUmaufry; 



Galimatias, sm, iowtiMt, km 

Gallon, a gaUeou 

Galiote, sf. a bark, galliot 

Gatiote k bombes, bontbketek 

Galipot, sm. rosin 

Galle (noiz de) sf. ^all-nul 

Galilean, e. a. galltean 

Galiicisme, sm. — cwm 

Galoche, sf. galosh 

Galon, sm. galoon, laeCf gailom% 

grocer's box 
Galonner, va. to lacs 
Galop, sm. gallop 
Gaiopade, sf. galloping 
Galoper, vn. to gallop, hunt 
Galopin. sm. errand boy 
Galvauder, va. to sr^ld in lass 

Gambade, sf. a gambol; jest 
Gambader, vn. to gambol 
Gambage, sm. malt-tax 
Gambiller, vn. to play with im»*f 

legs ^ 

Gamelle, sf. a wooden bowl 
Gamme, the gamut 
Chanter la gamnie, . to rspri 

mand; to rattle 
Changer de gamme, to altet 

one's conduct 
Ganache, sf. thiek-skuUed fel 

low; nether jaw of a hors§i 

an old wig 
Gangrene, sf. gangrene 
Se gangr^ner, vr. to gangmt 
Ganse, sf. a loop 
Gant, sm. a ^2o«e.— L*amitl6 

passe le gant, true frifidfh^ 

ts not eirimoiiious 
Gontel6e, sf. fox-gloves 
Gantelet, sm. a gauntlet 
Gantcr, va. to * put on gloves 
Gantcrie, */. glove-trads 
Gantier, e. s. a glover 
Garance, sf. madder 
Garanccr, va. to dye Toithmaddei' 
Garant, sm. warranter; voudur; 

guarantee; author 
Garantie, sf. warranty 
Garantir, va. to warrant; pre^ 

Gallon, sm. a boy, a bachelor^ % 

Garconnel, a little boy 
GaiRonni^re, sf. a ron^^ rig 


Garie, gumrd^ keeping mtrse^ 
watch, waitings prptectMni 
Gaide (d'^p^e,) MU 
Garde, em. a keeper^ warder 
Garde-bois, a fareetrkeeper 
Garde-boadque, unfashienabU 

warea^ thop-ke^er 
Garde du corps, life-guard 
Garde-ceadres, a fender 
Garde-cbaase, a game-ke^er 
Garde-cdte, a cruieer 
Garde -leu, iran hare before a 

fire; fender 
Garde-fou. raUs ahng hridgee^ 

quajfSt ire* 
Garde- magasin, a store-keeper 
Garde-manger, larder^ buUerfff 

Gardomeable, a Itardrrobe, yeo- 
man of ditto 
Garde-note, a notary 
Garde-noble, sf. guardianship 

of a nobleman*s children 
Gardes d'une serrure, sf. pL 

wards of a lock 
Garder, v>to* keep^ * take heed 

(un maliAe^to nurse 

Se garaer de, to * keep from do- 
ing any thing amiss 
Gaiderobe, sf. wardrobe; closet; 

Garde-rdle, sm. the master of 

the rolls 
Garde-vaisaelle, a gentleman of 

the ewry 
Gardeur, se. s. a kerdrkeeper 
Gardien, ne. s. a guardian^ a 

Garden, sm. roach, a fish 
Gare, xtU. make way, take care 
Garenne, sf. a warren 
Garennier, sm. a warrener 
Garer, se garer, to ♦ take eare^ 

to protect one*s self 
Se gargariser, vr. to gargle 
Gargarisme, sm. — rism; gar- 

Oatgotage, shabby meal 
Gaigote, sf. paltry eating-house 
Gaigoter, vn. to haunt hedge 

ale-houses; to* eat and drink 

Gaigotier, e. s. paltry victualler 
Gaifouille, sf. a gutter-spout 

GaiBOalB^e, spouUng 
GargoulUemeot, #ni. 

hling I'ft the bowels 
GaigouUler, va. to dehhU, pad- 

GargouUlis, sm. naiss of a wet- 
Gargouaae, sf. a cartoueh, a ear- 

Gargouaai^re, a pouch for tar* 

Garnemeat, sm. apreJUgate 
Garoiment, apparatus 
Gamir, va. to furnish, trim, 

store, adorn, garnish, * bind 
Se ganilr, vr. to seize 
GwnaBon,3f. garrison, peofleput 

in a house on an execution 
Gamiaseur, sm. haberdaeher 
Garmture, •/. furniture, gar- 
nishment, set 
Garou (loop,) sm. wero-wolf 
Garrot, withers; packing-stiek; 

Garrotter, va. to * bind with 

Gars, sm. a lad, bey, stripUng 
Gascon, ne. a boaster, cracker 
Gasconnade, sf. gasconade, bror 

Gasconner, vn. to boast 
Gaaconisme, sm. gasconiom 
Gaspillage, spoiling, wasting 
Gaspiller, va. to lavish, to waste, 

to * spoil 
GaspiUeur, se. s. spendthrift 
Gastrique, a. s. gastric 
Gastriloque, sm. vsntrHo^uist 
GastrollLtre. a glutton 
Gastromanie, sf. data£rMss« 

Gastronomie, my 

G&teau, sm. a cake 

de micl, honeycomb 

G&te-m^tier, a spoil trade; one 

w^o worke, or sells at under 

ter,* spoil, waste, soil, 
mar, corrupt • 

Sc giLter, to taint, to be spoiled 
O&teur, se. s. spoiler, corrupter' 
Gauche, d. a. left; awkward 
Gauchement, ad. awkwardlf 
Gaucher, e. a. s. lefl-hoMded 
Gaucherie, sf. awkwardness 
GaucMr, vn. * shrink bask, sh^ 



Gaude, »f. wood 
Oauder. va. to dye with wood 
Se gauoir,* be merry 
Gauffre, sf. a honeycomb; paaib- 

ry; wafer 
Gauffrer des iXoSta, to figure 


', sm. one who figure* 

Gauftrier, wafer-iron 
Gauffrure, sf. figuring 
Oaule, a switch, vole 
Gauler,* beat down with 

a pole 
GauUs, sm. long sprig 
Gavotte, sf. gavot {a dames) 
Gaupe, a slut, treUop 
Se gauBser, vr, to ^eer, banter 
Oauaserie, sf. jeering, jeet 
Gauaaeur, se. s. ajeerer 
Gaz, sm. elastic fiuid 
Gaze, sf. gauie 
Gazelle, an antelope 
Gazer, vo. to cover with gduxa 
Gazer une expression, to veil tm 

indecent word 
Gazetier, sm. gazetteer; hawker 
Gazetin, a UtOe gazette 
Gazette, s/. a newspaper; blab 
Gazier, sm. a gauie-maker 
Gazon, green turf [turf 

GazoHnement, covering with 
Gazonner, va. to line with turf 
OazouiUement, sm. warbUng, 

Gazouiller, vn, to warbls; purl^ 

Geaijsm. a Jay, jack-daw 
G^ant, e. gtant, giantess 
G^henne, sf. hell, torment 
Geindre, vn. to whine 
G^latineux, se. a. jelly-like 
G«I6e, sf. frost, jelly 

blanche, hoar frost 

Geler, vr. to * freeze 

Geline, sf. a hen 

Gelinotte, a fine tit; puttet; 

wood-hen, water^quail 
G^livare, freezing of treeo 
G^meaux, sm. pi. the sign Go- 
Qimir, vn. to groan, to coo 
G^missement, sm. groaning 



G6nant, e. a. troublesovu ; un- 
Ceucive, */. the gum 
Gendarme, sm. life-guard; a 

termagant; tpark of fire 
Se gendarmer, vr. to bluster 
Gendarmerie, sf. horse of the 

Gendre, sm. son-in-lav 
G^ne, sf. rocky pain., constraint 
G^n^alogiti, genealogy, pedigree 
G^n^alogique, 2. a. genealogical 

G6n6alogi8te, sm. gist 

G^ner, va. to clogf constrain^ 

cramp^ straiten 
G^n^ral, sm. a general, chief 

, c. a. general 
G^n^ralat, generalship 
G^n^rale, sf. the general (a beat 

of drum) 
G^n^raiement, ad. —rally; uni- 
versally, commonly 
G^n^raliser, v. to * make gene- 
G^n^ralisslme, sm, a generalis- 
G6n6ralit^, */. —ty, precinct 
Gdn^ralitds, sf. pi. general dis- 
G6n6rateur, sm. generating 
G^D^ratif, ve. a. —live 
G^n^ration, sf. — tion; progeny, 

propagation, descent 
G6n6reu8ement, ad. genet^usly 
G^n^reux, se. a. generous 
G^n^rique, 2. a. — rical 
G6n6ro6it6, sf. generosity 
Gen^se, Oenesis 
Genfet, sm. broom, genet 
Genet, a Spanish horse; a Utile 
. Genette, sf. a wild cat 
Gfb^vrier, sm. a juniper-tree 
CXetne, genius, talent, temper 
G6ni6vre, a juniper-berry ; ge- 
neva, or pin 
G^nisse, sf. a heifer 
Genital, e. a. genital, genera- 
G6nitif, sm, genitive case 
G^nitoires, sm. pi. genitals 
G^nituref sf. offspring 
Genou, sm. knee 
GenouUlere, sf. the top of a 


Genre, sm. kvadj style, gender 

Gens, sf. pL folks; people; ser- 

N. B. This word is f. when pre- 
ceded by an adj.; and m. when 
the adj. follows 

Gens d'^ise, churchmen 

— de guerre, military men 

— de condition, gentlefolks 
Gent, sf. nation, tribe, people 
Gent, e. a. neat, spruce 
Gentil, sm. a. heathen, pagan 

, le. a. genteel, pretty 

Gentil-homme, sm. a gentleman; 

C^ntilbommerle, sf. gentleman's 

seat; gentility 
Gentilhommiere, neat country 

Gentilil6, the heathens, heathen- 
Gentillfttre, sm. petty country- 

Gentilleeee, sf. genteelness; pret- 
ty saying, pretty trick; toy 
Gentiment, ad. prettily, neatly 
Genuflexion, sf. kneeling 
CMocentrique, 2. a. —tnc 
G6ode, sf. an eagle-stone, (kind 

of pebble) 
G^ographe, sm. —pher 
G^ographie, sf. —phy 
G^ographique, 2. a. —phieal 
Geolage, sm. prison fees 
Geole, sf. a gaol, prison 
Geolier, sm. a gaoler 
Geoliere, sf. a gaoler's wife 
Gdomancie, geomancy 
G^omancien, sm. geomancer 

, ne. a. gcomantic 

G^om^tral, e. a. geometrical 
G^ometre, sm. a geometer 
G6om6trie, sf. — -try 
G^om^trique, 2. a. —trical 
Gt^om^triquement, ad. — caUy 
G^orgiques, sf. pi. Oeorgics 
G6ranium,ff nt. stork-bill; crane's 

bill or geranium 
Gerbe, sf. a sheaf 
Gerb^e, bundle of straw 
Gerber, va. to * make up in 

Gerce, sf. bookworm 
Gercer, v. to chop, * crack 
Ger^ure, sf. chop, cleft, flaw 


G^rer, va. to manage 

Gerfaut, sm. gerfalcon 

Germain,, aine. a. — couain ger 
main, cousine germaine, first 

Germe, sm. bud, shoot, sperm 

Germer, t>n.* shoot, bud^* spring 

Germination, */. —tion 

Germure, budding 

G6rondif, sm. a geruni 

G*8ier, a gizzard 

G6sine, sf. lyinv in 

G68ir, vn. to * lie 

Gesse, sf. vetch 

Geste, sm. gesture, action, gesis 

— de tele, a nod 

Gesticulateur, a man fvU of ac- 
tion in speaking 

Gesticulation, */. —tion 

Gesticuler, vn. to v^e much actio* 
in talking 

Gestion, sf.—tian ^ 

Gibbeux, ne. a. gibbous 

Glbboeit6, sf. gibbosity 

Gibeci^re, pouch, bag, scrip 

Gibelet, sm. a gimlet 

Gibelotte,*/. a fricassee of chick- 

Giberne, a cartouch-box 

Gibet, sm. a gibbet, gallows 

Gibier» ^ame 

GibouJ^e, sf. a shower 

Giboyer, va. to fowl, hawk 

Gilnyeur, sm. a fowler 

Gigantesque, 2. a. gigantic 

Gigot, STh. leg of mutton 

Gigot^, e. a. well limbed 

Gigotter, vn. to * kick about 

Gigue, sf. a jig; a tall frisky 

Giguer, vn. to jig about 

Gile, sf. large fishing-net 

Gilet, sm. under-waistcoat 

Gimblette, sf- cake, ginger-bread 

Gingembre^ sm. ginger 

Gingembrier, ginger- seller, gro- 

Ginguet, tart wine 

Ginguet, te. a. poor, sorry, small . 

Girandde, sf. a chandelier^ a 
cluster of diamonds 

Girofle, sm. cloves 

Girofl^e, sf. stock giUyfiewtr 


Griroflier, sm, a elove-tree 
tiiron, lapf pale, giron 
Girouette, sf. weather-cock; ftag^ 
»on«.— T6te de girouette, gid- 
dy fellow 
Gisement, am. hearing (a aeor 

Gi-git, here * tiea, Src. 
Gite, am. hare's form; where one 
lies at night on a journey; 
Giter, vn. to * lie 
Givre, am. rime, hoarfrost 
Glabra, 2. a. bare, smooth 
Gla-:e, af. ice, glassy fiaw 
Gants glacis, am. pi. glazed 

Gmcer, va. to * freeze, to ebill 
Glacial, e. a. frozen, sharp ~ 
Glaciere, af. an ice-hotcae 
Glacis, am. a aloping bank 
Glacon, a piece or fiake of tee 
Gladiateur, a gladiator; prize- 
Glaire, */. alimy matter; glair; 

white of an egg 
Glairer, va. to glair, to amear 

with the white of an egg 
Glaireux, se. a. s^'my, ropy 
Glaise, af. potter^ a earth, clay 
Glaiser, va. to * do over with pot- 
ter* a earth or clay 
Glaiseux, se. a. clayey 
GlaiBiere, af. clay-pit 
Glaive, am. a aword, glaive . 
GlaDage, gleaning, picking 
Gland, acorn, maat, band-atring, 

Glande, af. a gland, kernel 

an coil, mumps t tonsils 

Gland6e,a. that has the glandera 
Gland^e, af. forest-mast 
Glandule, small gland, or kernel 
Glanduleux, ee. a. glanduloua 
Glane, af. gleaning 

d'oignons, a rope of oniona 

de poires, cltuter of peara 

eianer, va. io glean, to leaae 
Glaneur, se. a. gleaner 
Glanure, */. gleaning 
Glapir, vn. to yelp, to aqueak 
G!api88ant,e. a. aqueaking, ahriU 
Glapissement, am. yelping ; 

Glas, am. tolUng of a bell^ kneU 


Glayeul, com flag 
Gleb#, af. glebe, land, ore 
Glissade, slip, slipping, aliding 
Gliseant, a a. alippery 
Gti8aeT,*alip, alide; glance 
Se gllsser, vr. to * alipy* creep 

Glisseur, am. a eUder 
Gllssoire, af. a alide 
Globe, am. a globe, the world 
Globeux, se. a. round, apherical 
Globule, am. a globule 
Globuleux, se. o. globvloua; glo- 
Gloire, af. glory, pride, honour 
Glorieuseraent, ad. glorioualy 
GlorieuT, se. a. gloHoua; osten- 

Glorieuxl se. a. a proud man or 

Glorification, af —tion 
Glorifier. va. to glorify 
Se glorifler, vr. to glory in 
Gloriole, af. wretched vanity 
Glosateur, Glossateur, am.agloa- 

aographer, scholiaat 
Glose, af. gloaa, comment 
Gloser, vn. to comment, cenaure 
Gloseur, am. cenaurer, carper 
Glossaire, a gloaaary 
Glossographe, —pher 
Glossop^tres, am. pi. petrified 

GloUe, af. glottia 
Glouglou, am. gulling of liquor 

out of a bottle 
Glouglouter, vn. to cry aa a tur- 
Glousseoient, am. clucking 
Glousser, vn. to cluck 
Glouteron, am. a bur 
Glouton, e. a. gluttanoua, greedy 

, e. a. gluttsn, greedy-gut 

, am. aort of badger 

Gloutonnemept, ad. greedily 
Gloutonnerie, af. gluttony 
Gin, bird-lime 
Gluant, e. a. viscid; gluey; clamr 

Gluant, am. a lime-twig 
Gluer, va. to make clammy 
Gluj, am. thatch 
Gtutineux, se. a. glutinotu^ via- 

eid, clammy, ghdah 
Gnome, am. gnome 

GON 97 

Gnomide, af.* female of a gnome. 

(both mere ideal beines) 
Gnomique, 3. a. aententtoua 
Gnomon, am. atyle, index. 
Gnomonique, af. dialling 
Go (to^ut ^e%o,)wiihout ceremony 
Gobbe, af. poiaoned food 
GoM.etysm.e'oblet,cvp, juggler* a 

box, the king's buttery 
Gobelins, m. pi. a famoua car 
- pet manufactory m Paria 
Gobelotter, vn. to guzzle 
Gober, va. to gulp down, to nab 

to awallow down 
Se goberger, vr. to banter, to 

* make much of one* a self 
Goberges, «/,;>/. boarded bottom 

of a bedatead 

ooet, am. a anap, a hasty meal 
Grobeter, va. to plaater the joints 

of a wall 
Gobin, am. a husi-ch-ba^k 
Goblin, a goblin 
Godaille, af. paltry wine 
Godailler, vn. to guule; tipple 
Godelureau, am. a fop, a beau 
Godenot, a juggler* a puppet 
Godet, a little cup, or mug 
Godiveau, aort of pie 
Godron, a puffy plait in linen 
Grodronner, va. to plait linen 
G6fie, 2. a. iU-abaped, awkward 
GogaUle, af. merry-making 
Gogo — vivre a gogo, to live in 

Goguenard, «. a. a. jocose; plea" 

Goguenarder, vn. to joke; droll 
G(^uettes, sf. pi. merry storiea 
— chanter gouguettes, to call 

one namea 
Goinfre, sm. a. toss-pot 
Goinfrer, vn. to guttle aitdguizlo 
Goinfrerie, sf. guttling and guz- 
Goitre, sm. hernia gutturis^ 

Goitreux, se. a. throat-huratcn 
Golfe, sm. a gulf 
Gomme, sf. gum 
Gommer, va. to gum 
Gpmmeux, se. a. gummy; gunk' 

Gommier, am. guwrtret 
Gond, hinge 



GoDdoie, af. gondola^ tup 
6ond(rfier, am. gondolier 
Gonfalonier, a holy sundard- 

Gonflement, sveUing', puffing 
Gonfler, va. to awdl * puff up 
Goret, sm. a little pig 
Gorge, sf. throat; breast; defile^ 

neck, gorge^ gtde 
chaacte, the hawk^e feet; 

banter^ insulting joy 
Gorg6e, */. a gulp 
Gorger, vn. to gorge^ to cram 
Se — , vr. to glut one*s self 
Goi^erettc,. sf. wonuaCs neck- 

handkerehieff a tucker 
Gorgerin, am. neck-piece . 
- Gosier, gullet^ weasand 
Gothique, 3. a. goihie 
Gouche, sf. a painting in water- 
Goudroii, am. pitch and tew 
Goudronner, va. to tar 
Gouffre, sm. abyss, pit, gulf 
Gouge, sf. gouge, truU 
Goujat, sm. soldier's boy; black- 

gwird^ hodman 
Goujon, a gudgeon (a fish and 

a pin so cdlueQ 
Goujonner, va. to pin (with iron 

or wooden pins) 
Goul6e, sf. a large mouthful 
Croalet,«m. a narrow entrance of 

a harbour, hole in a bomb 
Gouliafre, a. s. greedy-gut 
Goolot, sm. neck- of a boUle,^c. 
^ €k)ulu, a shark \gut 

Goulu,e.a. 8. gluttonous; greedy- 
Goulument, ad. gluttonously 
Goupille, sf. a watch^in 
GoupiUon, sm. u holy water 

sprinkle; a boUle-brush 
G^upillonner, va. to cleanse bot- 

tlea vfith a bruah 
Grourd, h. a. numb, atiff 
Gourde, af. a gourd 
Gourdin, am. a cudgel 
Gourdiner, va. to cudgel 
Gourgandine, af. a truU 
Gourroadc, fiaty-cuff 
Gourmand, e. a. a. glutton 
Gourmander, va. to aeold, curb 
Gounnandiae, af. gluttony 
Gourme, th£ atranglea, (a diataae 



Goonner, va. to curb, box 
Gourmet, am. connoiaaeur in U- 

Gourmette, af. a curb 
Gousse, cod, husk, aheU 
Gousset, sm. fob; guaaet; brack- 
et, arm-pit 
Gout, taate; palate; amdl; re- 
lish, style, fancy 
Geuter, vh. to taste, approve, 

relish, * eat 
Gouter, sm. beaver; collation, a 

Goutte, sf. drop, gout, jot 

gypeeuee, chalk gout 

sciatique, sciatic gout 

sereine, gutta serena 

Goutte, ad. not at all [by drop 

k goutte, ad, by drops, drop 

Gouttelette, sf. a little drop 
Goutteuz, se. a. gouty 
Un goutteux, am. a gouty man 
Grouttt^re, sf gutter 
Gouvemail, sm. rudder, helm 
Gouvemante, sf. governess; go- 

vemante, housekeeper 
Gouvemement, sm. government, 

governor* s house 
Gouvemer, va. to govern, rule, 

steer, husband, matiage 
Gouvemeur, am. governor; tutor 
Grabat, a truckle bed 
Grabataire, 2. a. sickly 
Grabuge, am. a squabble 
Grace, af. favour; grace; par- 
don; tiian^a; agreeableneaa 
Graciable, 3. a. pardonable 
Gracieuseinent, ad. kindly 
Gracieuaer, vn. to treat kindly 
Gracieuset6, sf. kindjieaa, gift 
Gracieux, ee. a. kind, graceful 
GraciUt6, sf. shHUness, slender- 

Gradation, —tion, elimor 
Grade, sm. degree 
Gradin, a step 
Graduation, sf. —Hon 
Gradual sm. a graduate 

, e. a. graduate, gradual 

Graduel, le. gradual 
Graduellement, ad. —dually 
Graduer, va. to confer degreea 
Graillon, am. a remnant, acrap 
Qnin,comjgrainf berry kernel, 


Grain de oorail, bead of coral 

de raisin, a grape 

— r- de petite verole, pimple of 

the amallrpox 

de moutarde, muatard aeed 

— — d'or, a bit of gold, aa found 

in a river 

— de folle, crack-brained 

— de grele, a hailstone 

de vent, squall of wind 

Graine, */. seed, kernel 
Graisse, fat, grease, dripping 
Graisser, va. to grease 

la patte, to gain, to bribe 

Graisseux, se. a. greasy 
"Gramen, sm, cow grass 
Grammaire, sf grammar 
Grammairien, sm. grammarian 
Granmiatical, e. a. —eal 
Grammaticalement, ad. —catty 
6ramme,9m. a French weight of 

nineteen grains 
Grand, e. a. g^eat, Iqrge 
Grand, sm. grandee 
Grandelet, te. a. pretty big 
Grandement, ad. largely . 
Grandesse, af. ttk quality of « 

grandee of Spain 
Grandeur, tallness, largeness, 

greatness, lordship, honour] 

Grandir, vn. to grow tall or big 
Grandissime, 2. a. very great 
Grand-maltre, sm. lord steward, 

chief master, great master^ 

head muster 
Grange, sf. a bam 
Grangier, am. a farmer 
Grangiere, af. a f armaria wtfe 
Granlt, am. granite 
Granulation, sf. —tion 
Graiiuler, va. to granulate 
Graphique, 2. a. graphic 
Graphiqaement, ad. with exact' 

Graphom^tre, sm. — meter 
Grappe, sf. bunch, cluster 
Grappiiier, vn. glean, scrape up 
Gtappilieijr, se. a. a grape-glean' 

Grappillon, am, a little bwuh of 

Grappin, grappUng^m^ UlUU 



Grv, te. a. fat; plump; grtasy; 

Grmftm.fat [teg 

— de la jambe, the ealf of the 

double, double tripe 

Gras-fondu, sm. molten grease 
GrasBemcnl, ad. plentifvXly 
Grasset, te. a.^Uty, plumpish 
GraBB^jetneTO^m. lisping 
Grass^yer, vn. to * lisp 
Grass6yeur, se. s. a lispcr 
Gf assoiiillet, te. a. plump 
Gratification, sf gratuity 
Gratifier, va. to * make a present 
Gratin, sm. the burnt to in a 

sauce pan 
Gratis, ad. fornothingj gratis 
Gratitude, sf. gratitude; grate- 
Gratte-cu, sm. hip (a berry) 
Grafte-papier, sm. a scribbler^ a 

paltry clerk 
Gratteile, sf rash 
Gratteleux, se. a. itchy 
Gratter, va. to scratch; scrape^ 

Gratter le papier, to be a scrib- 
bling druudge 
Grattoir, sm. scraper 
Gratuit, e. a. grtUuitouSi volun- 
Gratuity, sf. mercy^ favour 
Gratuitement, ad. freely 
Grave, 2. a. grave; serious; 

Grave, sm. gravity 
Grav6, (visage,) pitted face 
Graveitee, */. tartar^ lees 
Gravelleux, se. a: gravelly; 

troubled with the gravel 
Gravelle, sf. gravel 
Gravement, ad. seriously 
Graver, va. to grave, etch, im- 
Graveur, sm. engraver 
6ravi(;r, gravel 
Gravir, vn. to clamber up 
Gravitation, sf. —Hon 
Gravity, gravity; importance 
Graviter, vn. to gravitaU 
Gravois, «»». gravel, rubbish 
Gravure, */. engraving ^ 
Gi6, sm, accord, will 
Grec, Greqne, a. *. Greek 
Grtdsme, sm^ Grecism 


Gredin, e. a. s. beggarly; shdb- 



Gredinerie, */. beggarliness [by 
Gr^er, va. to rigja ship) 
Greffe, sm. the roUs,' a register^ 

Gruffer, va. to graff, or graft 
Greffier, sm. a register 
Grefibir, grafting knife 
Or^guee, sf pi. breeches 
GrSIe, sf hail 

Grain de gr61e, sm. hailstone 
Grdley 2. a. sUm, lank, shrill 
Grdid, e. a. much pitted with tAe 

small-pox, poor 
Gr^ler, va. to hail; to ruin 
Grelin, sv^ smalt cable 
Gr^lon, a large hailstone 
Grelot, a UtUe beU 
Grelotter, vn, to shiver 
Grdment, sm. rigging 
Grenade, «/. a pomegranate, a 

Grenadier, *^. pomegranate- 
tree, srenadier 
Grenamere, sf. grenado-pouch 
Grenaille, smaU shot 
Grenailler, va. to pound 
Gtenaison, sf. plants forming 

into seed 
Grenat, sm. granate 
Grenaut, garnet, (a fish) 
Greneler, va. to * make rough 

like shagreen 
Grsner, to pound seed, to seett 
Gr6neterie, sf. corn-trade 
Grenetier, e. s. corn-chandler; a 
huckster; comptroller of the 
king's magazine of salt 
Orenetis, sm. ingrailed ring 
Grenier, granary, loft, garret 

d foiii, hay-loft 

d sel, magazine of salt 

Grenouille, sf a frog 
Grenouiller, vn. to ttpple 
Grenouill^re, sf a fen 
Grenu, e. a. full of com, grained 
Gres, sm. a sort of* made brown 

stone, free-stone 
Grisil, hoarfrost, rime 
Gr^sillement, shrivelling,wrink' 

Gr^sfller, va. to shrivel 
Gresserie, sf. stone-ware 
Gr^ve, strand, the gallows 
Grever, va, to oppress 

GriUette, •/. a port-steak or 

griskin, chitterling in slices 
Gnbouillage, 9m. scrawl 
Gribouille, morose or sullen fel- 
GribouiHette, sf. scramble 
Grideiin, a. of a gray violet c«* 

Griecbe, 2. a. speckled 
pie-gr^che, a scolding wo- 

man, a shrew 
Grief; *tii. grievance, injury 
Grief, ve. a. grievous 
Grievement, ad. grievously 
Grievet6, sf grievousness 
Griife, a claw, clutch 
Grlfiade, clawing 
Griffon, sm. a grijffin 
Griffonnage, scrawling 
Griffonnement, roiigh drawings 
Grifibnner, vn. to scrawl, sketch 
Grignon, sm. a crusty piece of 

Grignoter, va. to nibble 
Grigou, sm. a beggarly fMo»t a 

sordid miser 
Gril, a gridiron 
Grillade, sf broiled meat 
Grille, a grate 
Griller, va. to broil, long impiir 

tic9tly, grate up, parch 
Grillon, sm. atfirtcket 
Grimace, sf grimace, wry faeeSf 

Grimacer, vn. to * make wry 

faces, grin 
Griniacier, e. s. one who makes 

wry faces; hypocrite 
Grimaud, sm. a raw schole^ 
Grime, a vulgar boy 
Grlmelin, mean boy, lew gems^ 

Giimehnage, playing for atrt^e, 

trifling gain 
Grimeliner, v. to play for a trifle 
Grimoire, sm. a conjuring-book 
Grimpement, climJbing up 
Grimper, vn. to climb 
Grimpei^eau, sm. a woodpecker 
Grimpeur, se. *. climber 
Grlncement, sm. gnashing 
Gnncer, vn. to gnash 
Griiigotter, vn. to warble 

, va. to hum a tun e 

Griolte, sf. a black ehsrrff 



Griottier, sm. black cherry-tree 
Grippe, af. lohim 
Gtipper, va. to clutch, seize 
Se gripper, vr. to * have croteh- 

etSj to shrivel 
Grippe-sou, em. a petty agent 
Gris, 6. a. gray, brown, tipsy 
Gris, sm. gray colour 
Gris de liu, gridelin 
Grisaille, sf. daubing - 
Grisailler, daub 
Gris&tre, 2. a. grayish 
Griser>o. to * groto gray, fuddle 
Griaetle,sf .gray gown; mean girl 
Grisoo, ne. a. s. gray-headed, 

spy, ass 
Grissonner, vn. to * grow gray 
Grive, sf. a thrush 
Grivel6, e. a. dappled, speckled 
Grivel^e, sf. extortion ' 

Griveler, extort 
Grivelerie, sf. plunder 
Griveleur, sm. extortioner 
Grivois, a jovial fellow 
Giivoise, sf. a soldier" s wench, 

tobacco grater 
Grognement, sm. grunting 
Grof ner, vn. to grunt; growl 
Grogneur, se. s. a. grumbler 
Groin, sm. snout of a hog; chops 
Grommeler, vn. to grumble . 
Gronder, va. to grmol; scold 
Gronderie, sf. scoUting 
Grondcur, se. a. gnmbling, 

— — , *. grumbler, shrew 
Gros, se. a. big, large, coarse 
GroBse viande, butcher^s meat 
Gros terns, foul weaiher 

— meuble, lumber 

Gros, sm. main port, chief point, 
— , a dram [body 

— de Naples, grogram 
— , ad. much 
Groseille, sf. gooseberry 

rouge, currant 

Gro8ei]ler,«m. a gooseberry-bush 
Grosse, sf. gross, copy of a 

Grofiserie, iron ware 
Groseesss, pregnancy 
Grosseur, bigness, swdUng 
GcosBier, e. a. coarse^ thick, 

roughs raWirudeigr^tsSt dawn- 


GrosBiertaoent, ad. coarsely, 

clownishly, in general 
Grosciieret6,#/.c0aro en C6i;,cZoton- 

ishness, rudeness 
Grossir, va, to * make bigger, 

enlarge, increase 
Grossir, vn. ta * grow bigger 
Grossoyer, vai to engrosa 
Grotesque, 2. a. grotesque, gdd 
Grotesquetnent, ad. oddly 
Grotesques, sf. pi. antics; idle 

Grotte, sf. grotto 
Grouillant, e. a. stirring 

swarming, crawling 
Grou\l\et, stir, swarm,cr awl 
Grouppe, sm. group 
Groupper, va. to group 
Gruau, sm. oatnieal,water- gruel, 

young crane 
Grue, sf. a crane; a fool 
G merle, court of justice in eyre 
Gruger, va. to crunch, * grind 
Grumeau, sm. a clod, lump 
Grumeler, vn. to grunt {like a 

Se grumeler, vr. to clod . 
Grumcleux, se. a. ruggtd, gru- 

Gruyer, sm. justice in eyre 
Gruyere, a sort of cheese * made 

in Switzerland 
Gud, sm. a ford, a pass 
Gu6able, 2. a. fordable 
Guede, sf. wood 
Gu^der, v. to woad, to cram 
Gu^er, va. to ford, soak, wash 
Guenille, sf. a rag, tatter 
Guenillon, am. a little rag 
Guenipe, */. a sZut, strumpet 
Guenon, an ape, Jiomcly puss 
Guenuclie, a young ape 
Guenuehon, a very little ape. 

—line vieille guenuehon, an 

old scolding woman 
Gukite, a w asp 

Gu^pier, sm.a snare,wasp^s nest 
Guerdon, sm. reward (old) 
Guerdonner. va. to reward 
Guere, Gueres, ad. but- little, 

not very, not long, but few, not 

Gu^ret, sm. faUow ground, field 
Gu^ridon, a stand [cured 

Gudrir, v. to c«r«, * AeoZ, to be 


Gu^rison, */. cure, recovery 
Gu^rissable, 2. a. curable 
Gu6rite, */. sentry-box, tjirret 
Guerre, war, warfare 
GUerfier, e. a. martial, warlike 
Guerrier, sm. soldier . 
Guerroyer, vn. to * make war 
Guerroyeur, sm. a warrior 
Guet, sm. the watch 
— a pens, ambush 
Un guet a pens, wilful murder 
Gu6tre, sf. n spatterdash 
Gu6tre, e. a. wlio has spaiter- 

dashes on 
Se guetrer, vr. to *put on spat- 
Guetter, va. to watch, wait for 
Gueule, sf. tlie mouUt of a beast, 

fish, oven, Src. 
Gueulee, a huge mouthful, free 

Guculer, vn. to bawl 
Gueules, sf. pi. gules 
Gueusaijie, sf. company of beg- 
Gueusailler, vn. to beg, mump 
Gueusant, e. a. begging 
Gueuse, sf. a sow {of iron) 
Gueuser, v. to mump, beg 
Gueuserie, sf. beggnry, trash 
Gueux, se. a. beggarly, poor 
Gueux, se. s. a beggar 
Gueux rev^tu, sm. upstart 
Gui, misletoe 
Guichet, wicket, shutter 
Guichetier, a tumluy 
Guide, guide, tutor 
Guide, */. a rein, conduct . 
Guide- dne, sm. a directory 
Guider, va. to guide, * lead^ 

conduct, * brin^ 
Guidon, sm. a guidon, standard^ 

sight of a gun 
Guigne, sf. black-Jieart cherry 
Guigner, v. to leer, to * have in 
one's eye [ry-tree 

Guignier, sm. black-heart eher- 
Guignon, ill luck {at play) 
Giiil6e. sf. a shower 
Guilleain, sm. gelding, nag 
GuiUedou— courir le guilledoa, 

to gad about 
Guilfemets, am. pi. invertei- 

Guillemo am. sort ofplotfw 


Gailleret, te. a. sprightly ^ ffoy 
GuUIocher, va. to wave 
Guillochis, 47a. waved work 
Guillotine,^/, beheading machine 
Guiniauve, sf, marshmallow 
Guimbarde, ancient dance; game 
at cards; sort of wagon; 
Jew*s harp 
Gaimpe, nun's stomacher 
GuJmper, v. to * make a woman 

nitn, to turn nun 
Guinde, e. a. bombastic; starch- 
Guinder, va. to hoist up; over- 
Se guinder, va. to soar up 
Guinderie, sf. constraint 
Goin^e, a guinea 
Guiugois, sm. a wrtpuss 
Guingette, sf. a public house out 
of town, a little country house 
Guipure, vellum lace 
Guirlande, a garland 
Guise, way-t fancy, humowr 
Guitare, guitar 
Guttural, e. a. guttural 
Gymnase, ^m. college 
Gymnastique, 2. a. —tie 
Gymnique, 3. a. gymnie 
Gymnaeophiste, sm. —phist 
GynicAe,gynacia ; women' sroom 
Gyn^ocracie, sf. gyuaocraey 
Gypae, sm. parget stone 
Gypseux, se. a. of the nature of 

Gyromancie, */• — maney 
Gyiovague, sm, wandering m»nk 


N. B. The n*8 that are aspirated 
in French are thus marked (*} 

Usihile,2.a.kHowing; able, 
elever,^tive, qualified 
Habilement, ad. skilfuUy 
Habilet^, sf. ability, skill, parts 
Habilissime, 2. a. very eibls 
Habiiiter, va. to qualify • 
fiabillement, sm. attire; clothes 
- de t^te, a headpiece 
flablller, va. to dress; to clothe; 
paUiate; to skin; * draw 


B'habiUer, er. to dress one*s self, 

rif one's self out 
Habilleur, sm. a skin-dresser 
Habit, suit of clothes, garb, dress 
Habit de chasse, sm. a frock 

»de deuil, mourning clothes 

ddchira, ragged tithes 

Habits de c^r^moiiie, pi. forma- 

d'ordofonance, regimentals, 

Habitable, 2. a. habitable 
Habitacle, sm. habitation; habi- 

Habitant, e. a. inhabiting 

, sm. inhabitant 

Habitation, sf. —tion, abode, co- 
lony, plantation 
Habiter, va. to ijthabit, live, co- 
Habitude, sf. habit; acquaint- 
Habituel, le. a. habitual 
Habituellement, ad. —tually 
Habituer, va. to accustom, use 
S'habitucr, vr. to use one's self 
S'— en un lieu, to settle in a 

'Hablerj «n. to romance 
^Hablene, sf. romancing, lies 
'Hableur, se. s. romancer, liar 
'Hache, sf. an axe, hatchet 

' d'armes, battle-axe 

'H^hette, sf. hatchet 
'Hacber, va. to hash, mince, hag- 



gle, hatch 
'ifachis, t 

, sm. hash, minced meat 
Hachoir, chopping-board, knife, 

'Hachure, sf. hatching 
'Hagard, e. a. wild, fierce, hag- 
Hagiographe, sm. hagu>grapher 
Hagiologique, 2. a. —gical 
*Haha, sm. a prospect, opening 
'Hai, int, hey! 
'Hale, sf. a hedge, lane 
'— Vive, quickset hedge 
'Haillon, sm. a rag, tatter 
'Haine, sf. hatred, grudge 

' cach^e, secret hatred 

Haineux, se. a. fell of hatred 
Hair, va. to hate, abhor 
Udre,«/. hair-cloth; poor wretch 
^Ha'iasable, 2. a. hateful, odious 

*HaIage, sm. towing 
*Halbran, a young wild duck 
'H^le, sun-bumiag, drying wind 
'H:\l^, e. a. tanned, sun-bunU 
Haleine, sf. the breath 
Halen^e, breathing 
4Ialener, va. to * smell ons^s 

breath, to * get scent of 
'HJLIer, vn. to tow, to hale; to 

* set a dog at one, to tan 
Se 'hdler, vr. to tan, * be sun- 
^Haletant, e. a. out of breath, 

'HeAeter, tm. to pant 
'Hallage, sm. market-duty 
'Halle, sf. a market-hall 
'Hallebarde, a halberd 
'Hallebardicr, rm. halberdier 
'Hailebrcda, s. a lubberly feUow; 

a tall ungainly wench 
'Hallier, sm. a thicket 
'Halo, halo, circle 
'Haloir, the place where hemp it 

'Halot, a rabbiVs hole 
'Hatte, sf. halt, refreshment 
'Halte la, stop, silence, no mort 

of that 
'Halter, vn. to halt, * stop 
'Hamac, sm. a hammock 
'Hamadriade, sf. -—driad; wood' 

'Hameau, sm. a hamlet 
Hamecon, a fish-hook 
'Hampe, sf. shaft of a weapon 
'Hanap, sm. clunuy drinkingotq^ 
'Hanche, sf. a hip, haunch 
'Hangar, sm. a cart-horse 
'Hantcroche,«/. hinderanee; rub; 


'Hanneton, sm. a May-bug 
-lanie T " " * 


'Hanse Teutonique, 

!, sf. Has 

'Hansiire, sf. a halter, hawser 
'Hanter, vn. to frequent; haunt 
'Hantise, sf. keeping company, 

'Happe, a cramp-iron 
'Happ^e, seizure, distress 
'Happe-fuie. sm. a sea-bird 
'Happe>chHir, a eatchpole 
'Happeiopin, a catch-bit 
'Happelouf de, */. false diamond, 

an empty fop 



^ *H^per, va,tp* snap^ * eateh 
'Haquen^j, af. nag; pad; staff, 

Spanish genet 
*Haquet^ sm. a dray 
'Haquetier, a drayman 
'Harangue, sf. speech^ oration 
'Haranguer, vn. to harangue 
'Harangueur, sm. a speech- 

maifcer, a preacher 
'Haras, study breed of horses 
'HaraoBer, va. to harassy tire 
*Harceler, to tease; to vex 
*Harde, sf. a herd of deer 
'Harder, va. to leash hounds 
'Hardes, sf. pi. clothesy goods 
*Hardi, e. a. boldy impudent 
'Hardiesse, sf. boldness^ courage 
*Hardiment, ad. boldly, stoutly 
'Hareng, sm. a herring 
'Hareng-blanc, fresh herring 
'Harcng-saur, red herring 
'Harengeaifion, sf. hemng-sea- 

'BarengSre, a fish^woman^ a 

'Harengerie, herring-market 

'Har^euXjSe. a. moroscy peevish 

'Hancot, sm. kidney-bean^ hari- 

'Haridelle, sf. a Jade 

Harlequin, sm. a harlequin^ a 

Harlequinade, sf. buffoonery 

Harmonica, sm. a set of musical 

Harmonie, sf. harmony 

HarmonieusemenU ad. harmo- 

Harmonieujc, ae. ad. — niouSi me- 

Harmonique, 2. a. — nicaJy in 
musicy geography, and maths- 

Harmoniquement, ad. —nically 
'HamacJiement, sm. harness 
'Harnacher, va. to harness 
'Hamacheur, sm. harness-maker 
'Hamois, armour; horse-trap- 

pingSy hamessy a dray 
*SaiOy a hue and cry 
'Barpagon, a miser 
Se 'haipailler, vr. to scuffle 
*Harpe, tf. harpy toothings 
*Harper,«a. to grappUy to stringy 



'Harpie, sf. harpy, shreto 

Se 'barpigner, vr. to quarrel 

and * fight with one another 
'Harpon, sm. harpoony grapple 
'Harponner, va. to harpoon 
'Harponneur, sm. a harpooner 
'Hart, sf. band of a fagot; halter 
'Ha8ar(l,«itt. hazard, nsk, chance, 

peril, danger 
'Hasarder, va. to risky ventttre 
'Hasardeusement, ad. hazard- 

ously. by chance 
'Haaardeuz, euse. «. dangerousy 

'Hase, sf. a docy hare, or coney 
'Hdle, haste, speed, hurry 
H&telettc, sf. a small dainty bit 
'H&ter, va. to hasten forward 
'H&tcr le paa, mend one's pace 
Se hftter, vr. to make haste 
Hfttereau, sm. Uver and bacon 
'Hateur, sm. overseer of the roast 

in the king^s house 
'Hfttier, spit-rack 
'Hatif, ve. a. forward, bold 
*U&tiveau, sm. hasty pear 
'H&tivement, ad. forwardly 
'Hdtivet^, sf. forwardness 
'Havage, sm. hangman* s fees 
'Haubana, sm. pi. shrouds 
'Haubereau, sm. a hobby, a petty 

country ^squire 
Haubergenier, haubergeon-nut- 

'Haubeigeon, haubergeouy coat 

of mail 
Haubert, large coat of mail 
—Fief de faaubeit, a tenure by 

knighVs service 
*FlAve, 2. a. palcy wan, dismal, 


Havir, v. to scorch, as meat 
Havre, sm. haven, harbour 
'HavresaJ, a knapsack 
'Hauase, sf. piece of leather to 

underlay the shoe, bindings 
'Hausse-cou, sm. a gorget 
'Hauasement, raising 

' d'^paules, shrug 

'Hausser, va. to * rise, * swell 
Se 'hauBser, va. to * stand a tip- 
toe, clear up [lof^lf 
'Haul, e. a. high, tall, upper, 
'Haatea cartes, «/. pi. court-cards 
*— marges, spring tidM 


'Hattte-Ullle, sf. a treble 
^Haut-bout, sm. upper end 
'Haut-mal, falling sickness 
'Haut, sm. height, top, ridge 

' , ad. high, aloud, big 

'Haut-a-bas, sm. a pedlar 
<Haut-&-la-main, ad. with a high 

'Hautain, e. a. haughty, proud 
'Hautainement, ad. proudly 
'Hautbois, sm. hautboy 
'Haut de chausses, breeches 
*Haut-cflt6, breast of mutton 
'Haute-conlre, */. counter-tenor 
'Haute-Aitaie, lofty trees 
'Haute-lisse, tapestry 
^Haute-mar^e, high water 
'Haute-paye, high pay 
'Haute-taille, alto, counter-tenor 
'Hautement, ad. haughtily, open- 
ly, briskly, boldly 

'Haute8se,«j^. highuess,theCh-and 

Seignior^s titie 
'Hauteur, height, eminence, hil- 
lock, haughtiness, boldness, 
pride, greatness; full length, 
Hauteur de bataillon, depth of a 

'Haut le corps, sm. boMnd, or 

'He! int. ehl ho! 

'He bien, well 

H6! ha! soho! 

'Heaume, sm. helmet 

'Hcaumier, armorer, or helmet- 

Hebdomadaire, 2. a. weekly 

Hebdomadier, sm. he whose week 
it is to be on duty 

H^berger, va. to harbour 

H^betl, e. a. stupid, besotted 

, e. s. a dunce 

H^b^ter, va. to stupify, to dull 

H^bra'ique, 2. a. Hebrew 

Hebraisme, sm. an Hebraism 

H6breu, a. s. Hebrew 

H^catombe, sf. an hecatomb 

H^gire, sf. hegira 

Heiduque, sm. an Hungarian 
foot soldier 

H6Ias! int. «$• sm. alas! 

H^ler, va. to hail a shib 

H61iaque, 2. a. heliacal 
, Hdliastes, «iii. pL heliasteg 


Hilioe, Bf. a spiral line mnd a 

H^Jiofloopef tm. —pe, prospeet 

Heliotrope, a tumsolt svn-fiover 
Vem, hu. hem I 
B6m6n>cale, sf. a day-lily 
K^mlcycle, «m. kemicyeU; semi- 

B^mine, sf. hemine^ moasurs 
{Idmisphere, sm, hemisphere 
H^misph^riquc, 2. a. —cal 
H^misticlie, sm. half verse 
H^morragie, af bloody flux 
H^morrlMJidai, e. a. —dal 
H^monrboides, sf. pL piles 
*Ueimir, vn. to neigh 
*Heimie«ement, sm. neighing 
Hdpatique, sf. livenoort 
— — , SL a. hepatic 
Heptarchie, sf. heptarchy 
H^raldique, 3. a. heraldry 
*H6|aut, sm. a herald 
Herbac^e, 2. a. herbaceous 
Herbage, sm. herbage, greens^ 

pasture ground 
Herbe, sf. grase^ herb 
Herbe Robert^ geranium stork- 

billf ot crane's bill 
Berber, va. to * spread on the 

Herbette, sf. grass^ tender grass 
Herbeux, ae. a. grassy^ herbous 
Herbier, sm. herbal 
Herbiere, sf. herbisoman 
Herboriser, vn. to * go a simp 

HerborJBte, sm. an herbalist^ 

who sells s^pleSf a botanist 
Herbu, e. a. grassy, herbiferous 
*H^re. sm. a poor wretch 
B6r6aitaire, 2. a. hereditary 
H6r6ditairement, ad. by inheri- 
H^r6dit6, sf heirship, heritage 
H^r^siarque, sm. heresiarch 
H6r68ie, sf. heresy 
H^rAtiquet 2. a. s. heretical, a 

BArias^, e. a. bristUng^ thick set 
*H6riaq^r, vn. to * stand on end 
Be 'b^risBer, or. to stare 
•H^riflBon, sm, hedge-hog; drainr 

Heritage, MUritdneet estate 


H^riter, vn. to inherit 

Hirider, e. s. heir^ heiress 

pr^somptif, heir apparent 

Hermaphrodite, sm, —dite; one 
of both sexes 

H6nn6tique, (science,) sf. alchy- 

H6rm6tiquement, ad. ^ticaUy 

HermiQe, sf. ermine 

Hermin^, e. a. ermined (m he- 

Hermitage, sm. hermitage 

Hennite, hermit, anchoret 

Hemiaire, 2. a. hemious 

ou Hemiole, */. rupture- 

'Hernie, sf. rupture, hernia 

'Hemieux, se. a. bursten 

H6roi-K^Qiiuque, S. a, heroi-contir 

H6roide, */. hsroid 

Heroine, a heroine 

H^rb'iqae, 2. a. heroic 

, sm. lofty style 

Hdro'iquement, ad. heroically 

H^roisme, sm. heroism 

'H6roii, a hem 

H^ronneau, young hem 

H^ronni^re, sf. hemsmew 

'H6ros, sm. a hero 

^Hersage, harrowing 

'Hcr8e,«/.aAarr0io, aporteullis, 

'Herser, va. to harrow 

'Herseur, sm. harrower 

Hesitation, sf. —tion 

H^siter, vn. to hesitate, waver, 

Heteroclite, 8. a, irregular, 

Heterodoze, 2. a. —dox 

Heterodozie, sf. opposition 

Heterog^ne, 2. a. —geneous 

Heterogeneity, sf. sty 

Heteroeciens, heterosdans 

'HStre, sm. beech-tree 

Heul int. good lack! 

Heur, sm. luck, fortune 

Heure, sf. hour, time 

Heurea, pi. primer, prayerbook 

Heureusement, ad. happily, luck- 
ily, fortunately, safe 

Heureuz. se. a. happy% lucky, 

'Heurt, sm, &it, 



'Heurter, v. * hit; knock; butt; 

offend; clash 
*Heurtoir, sm. knocks^ 
Hezagone, —gon, six angles 

— 2. a. —gonal 
Hezamette, a. s. —ter; six feet 
Hiatus, sm. gap, intergaping 
*Hibou, an owl, cross fellow 
'Hie, sm. the knot, principal dtf 

'Hideusement, ad. hideously 
'Hideux, se. hideous, ghastly 
'Hie, sf. paviour's <Uub 
Hier, ad. yesterday 

— au soir, yesternight 
'Hierarchic, sf. —chy 
'Hierarchique, 2. a. — chical 
'Hierarchiquement, Ad. —caUy 
Hieroglyphe, sm. —glyphic 
Hieroglypliique, 2. a. —cal 
Hieroglyphiquemcnt, ad. hiero- 

Uuantb,sf.hUarity, cheerfulness 
Hippiatrique, the art of curing 

the diseases of animals 
Hippodrome, sm. a place for 

Hippoglosse, horse*s tongue, 

Hippogriffe, a feigned monster, 

ha^f horse ajul halfgrifin 

ippopotame, a sea-horse 
Hirondelle, sf. a'swaUow 
Hispanisme, sm. Spanish idiom 
'Hieser, va. to hoist 
Histiodromie, sf. histiodronia or 

Uistoire, history, story 
Historial, e. a. historical 
Historien, e. s. an historian 
Historier, va. to embellish 
Historiette, sf a novel, story 
Historiographe, sm. —pher 
Historique, 3. a. historical 
Historiquement, ad. — cally 
Histrion, sm. a buffoon, stroller 
Hiver, winter, old age 
Hivomnge, winter-rest 
Hivemal, e. a. wintsrly; brumal 
Hivemer, vn. to winter 
S'hlverner, vr. to inure one's self 

to cold 
Ho! int. hot 
Hobereau, mi. a hobby, eountrp 




*Hoc cela vous est hoc,you * can- 
not avoid it, you*are sure of it 
^Hoche, */. a notch 
^Hochement, 9m.joffginff; wag- 

'Hocbepot, hotch-potch 

'Hoche-queue, a toag-tail 

'Hocher, va. to jog, * shake; loag 

*Hochet, am. a child's coral 

Hoir, an heir 

— de quenouille, heiress 

Hoirle, */. inheritance 

*Hola ! ad hold ! peace! ho there 1 

'Hollander, va. to cleanse quills, 
to dutch them 

Holocauste, sm. a burnt-offering 

Holographe, 2. a. all toritten 
with the testator's own hand 

'Homard, «m. a lobster 

'Hambre, ombre {game at cards) 

Hom^lie, sf. homily 

Homicide, sm. homicide; mur- 
der; murderer 

Homicide involontaire, man- 

Homicide, 2. a. murdering 

Hommage, sm. homage, duty 

Tlommager, homager 

Hommasae, 2. a. manly; strong- 

Homme, sm. a man 

'— fait, a grown man 

— de robe, a lawyer 

Homogdne, 2. a. homogeneous 

Homog6a6it6, sf. homogeneous- 

Homologation, allowance, con- 
firmation {law term) 

Homologue, 2. a. homologous 

Homologuer, va. to allow; con- 

Homonyme, 3. a. homonymous 

'Horn! int. hum 1 

'Hongre. a. sm. gelding 

*Hongreiine, sf. sort of ancient 

'Hongrer, va. to geld (a horse) 

^Hongrie, */. Hungary 

Honn6te, 2. a. honest; ifirtuous; 
civil; creditable; decent; gen- 
teel; obliging; kind 

Honndte, sm. honest 

Vn honnfite homme, an honest 
man; un homme hozmete, a 
dvil man 


Honnfttement, ad. honestly; de- 
cently: pretty well; kindly 
Honnetet^, */. civility, virtue, 

honesty, motlesty 
Honneur, sm. honour, modesty, 

credit, respect 
Honneure, regalia, honours 
— fun^bres, funeral solemnities 
'Honi soit qui mal y pensc, evil 
to him that evil thinks, {motto) 
Honorable, 2. a„ honourable^ 

splendid, noble 
Honorablement, ad. honourably 
Honoraire, 2. a. honorary, titu 

—, sm. fee 

Honorer, honour, respect 
Honorilique, 2. o. titular 
'Honte, sf. shame; modesty 
'Honteuaement, ad. shamefully 
4Ionteux, se. a. shameful, bash- 


ipital, sm. hospital 
'Hoquet, the hiccough 
'Hoqueton, a coat, Serjeant 
Horalre, 2. a. horary 
*Horde, */. horde, clan 
'Horion, sm. a great blow, abum- 

per, helmet, the rot 
Horizon, horizon 
Horizontal, e. a. —to! 
Horizontal^ment, ad. —tally 
Horloge, sf. a dock 
Horloger, sm. a clock-maker, 

Horlog^re, sf. a clock-maker's or 

wateh-mMer*s wife 
Horlogerie, clock-making 
Hormis, pr. except, but 
Horc^raphie, sf. horography 
Horoscope, sm. easting one's na- 
HoroBCOper, vn. to * east one's 

Horreur, sf. horror, shuddering 

fright; dread: antipathy 
Horreurs, 92. shocking thtngs 
Horrible, 2. a. horrible; horrid, 

nefandous, nefariqus 
Horriblement, ad. —bly, extreme 

Hon, vr. out, except 
Hon de doate, without question 
Hors de raison, unreasonable 
'Hon d'lieore, unseasonable 


«Hors de bl&me, free from blamt 

— d'oBUvre, ibfthout the clear 

— d'oBuvre, sm. outwork; di- 
gression; by dish 

Hortolage, sm, pot-herbs 
Hospice, a sort of hospital fof 

Hospitalier, e. a. hospitable 

, e. *. hospitalier 

Hospitalit6, sf. hospitality 
Hostie, victim, host, waf 
Hostile, 2. a. hostile 
Hostilement, ad. in a hostiU 

HosUlit6, sf. —lity 
Hdte, sm. host; guest; landlord 
U6tel, lodge; house: hotel 
—■ Dieu, hospital {in France) 

— de la monnoie, the mint 

— de ville, guildhall, town-house 
r- de Mars, hospital for invalids 

— de la compagnie des Indes, 
Kast or JVest India house 

H6telier, e. s. inkeeper, host 
H6tellerie, sf. an inn ' 
Hdtesse, hostess, landlady 
*Hotte, a dosser, scuttle 

Hott6e, a dosser-full 

Hotter, vn. to carry the dosser 
*Hotteur, se. s. who carries ths 

*Houage, 'houache, sm. a ship*s 

furrow or wake 
'Houblon, hops 
'Houblonner, va. to hop 
'Houbloimi^re, sf. hop-ground 
'Houe, koe; 9pade; dibble 
'Houer, va. to hoe; * dig 
Houille, sf. pitcojjk spade; hoe 
'Houle, billow, sJOUei 
'Hoolette, a crook; dibble; hoe 
*Houieux, se. a. billowy 
'Hoiippe, sf. a titft, a knob, apvff 
'Houppdande, a riding-coat 

Houpper, va. to tuft 

— de la laine, to comb wool 
'Houppier, sm. wool-comber 
Hourailler, va. to hunt with bad 

dogs [work 

'Hourdage, sm. rough masonry 
^Hoarder, va. to rough * work 
Houret, sf. a bad hound 
Houri, sf. name of women which 

the Turks hope to meet in Pot 



Hoarqae, sm. great Aoy, hulk 

*Hourvari, a^etU uproar; ator- 
Mjf wind lit the IVest Indies ; 
the return of the hounds when 
they have lost the scent 

'H0U86 e- a. dirty 

'Houseaux, sm. pi. coarse spat- 

'HouflplUer, va. to puU and haul; 
to hug 

'Hoosaage, sm. enclosure of a 
windtntU, sweeping 

Houasaie, sf. holly-oak grove 

*Houssard, sm. a hussar 

^Uooaae, sf. a horse-cloth ; a case 
for a chair 

'Ilocuaer, va. to * sweep; dust 

'HoiUBeur, se. s. sweeper 

'HouBsine, sf. a steitch 

*HocuBiner, va. to beat 

'Houssoir,«iii. hair-broom; whisk 

Hoax, holly-oak^ holm 

Boyau, a mattock 

*Huche, sf. a hutch; bin; trough; 
mUhhopper; m^al-tvUt 

*Hucher, va. to hallo after one 

*Huchet, 8m.po8tbo}/s or hunts- 
nian*8 horn 

Hue, hae ho! int. gee-ho! 

'Haee, sf. hooting, halloo 

'Huer, va. to hoot at 

'Huguenot, e. *. —not 

*Hugaenote, sf. a pipkin 

'HuguenoUsme, sm. —iism 

Huile, sf. oil 

— decoterdk, a stick 

Holier, va. to oil 

Hoileuz, ae. a.mly 

Huiler, sm. a^oU-num; eruet 

Huls, a door 

Hui88eri% sf. door-case 

Huinier, sm. door-keeper; tip- 
staff; bailiff; verger 

<Hutt, 2 a. eight 

'Huitain. sm. stanza of eight ver- 

*Huitaine, sf. eight days 

*Haiti«me, 2. a. sm. eighth; the 
eighth day 

*Hatti^meaient, ad. eighthly 

Huitre, sf. an oyster 

'Hoilotte, an owlet 

Humain, e«- a. humanj humaney 

Uiunainf, sm. pi. mortals^ men 


Humainement, ad. hwmanlyt ku^ 

Humaniaer, va. to humanize; * 

make tractable 
3*—, vr. to * grow gentle 
Humanistc, sm. — iu«f , gramma^ 

riun, philosopher 
Humanity, sm. human nature^ 
hamanity, kindness^ mildness learn- 
Huinble, 2. a. humble; lowly 
Hamblement, ad. humbly 
Huuiectant, e. a. moistening 
Humectation, sf. —lion 
Huiuecter, va. to moisten 
'Hunier, to * sup «p, suck <n 
Humeur, sf. humour; moisture; 

Humide, 2. a. dampj moist 
*Huinide, sm. moisture 
Uumidement, ad. damp place 
Huinidit6, sf. —dity, dampness 
Humiliant, e. a. mortifying 
Humiliution, sf. — tiou; mortifi- 
Humilier, va, to humble; to mor- 

SMiumilier, vr. to humble one's 

Humility, sf. humtiity 
Huuioral, e. a. humoral 
Humoriste, 2. a. m. — rist 
'Hune, sf. scuttle of a mast 
^Hunier, sm. top-masty lop-saU 
'Huppe, sf. puet; lapwing; tuft 
*Hupp6, e. a. tufted; t^fping ; 

cunning; rich 
'Hiire, sf. wild boards head;joU 
'Hurlade, a great howl 
'Uurlement, sm. a howling 
'Hurler, va. to hotUy roar 
Hurlubrelu, ad. t^ruptly 
Un hurlubrelu, sm. hair-brained 

'Hutte, sf a hut 
Se "butter, vr. to lodge in a hut 
Hyaciiithe, sf.^—einth; purple 

Hyades, sf pi. hyades 
HydrauUque,2. a. sf. —lies; wa- 
Hydre, sf. hydra^ adder 
Hydrographe, sm. —pher 
Hydrographie, sf. —fhy 



Hydragr^phique, 3. a^—fhicoi 
Hydromancie, sf. —ey 
Hydromei, sm. mead 
Hydrnohobie, sf. hydrophobia 
Hydropique, 2. a. s. —pic 
Hydropidie, sf. dropsy 
jLrdropote, s. water-drinker 
^drostatique, sf.—tics 
Hygiene, diet^ regimen 
Hygroin6tra, sm. —meter 
Hymen, Hymen^e, Mymeni wed- 
Hymne, sm. A- fa hymn 
Hyperbole, */. —bole; fib 
Hyperbolique, 2, a. —Ucal 
Uyperboliquement, ad. -colly 
Hyperbor^e, a. f. —borean 
Hypercritique, a. sm. —tic 
Hypocondre, Hypocondriaqoe, 

2. a. —driac, hippish 
Hypocrae, sm. hypocras 
Hypocriaie, sf. —sy 
Hypocrite, 2. a. s. —tical; hypo- 
crite ; dissembler 
HyiMMtaae, sj. personality; sedi- 
Hypostatique, 2. a. hypostaticai 
Hypostatiquement, ad. —ticaUy 
Hypoth^nuae, sf. hypothenuse 
Hypoth^caire, 2. a. —<ary 
Hypoth6cairement, ad. by an 

action of mortgagp 
Hypothique, sf. mortgage ; 

Hypoth^quer, va. to mortgage 
Hypothiae, «/. — eJkMW 
Hypoth^tique, 2. a. —tical 
Hypotta^tiquement, ad. —tieaUy 
Hyjiotypofie, sf. —posis 
Hyaope, hyssop 
Hyateriqoe, 2. a. hysterical 
Accis hyat^rique, hysterics ;fiU 

N. B. See with the J whatfou do 
not find with L 

Ism. droit Gomme un i, as 
^ straight as an arrow 
lambe, a. ». iamhic 
Ibis, a kind of stork 
Icelui, icelle, pr. *«, him Air, 
«*e, her, U 



rchneamon, sm. — mon, a rat of 

Ici, ad. here^ kitker 
Icl prde, hard by 
Id bas, here bdow; m this 

Iconoclaste, »m.— cZa«t ^ 

Iconographie, »/. "-graphy ^ 
Id^al, e. a. tdeaj [coiueett 

Id6e, sf. idea; notion; hint;. 
Identifier, v. a. to identify 
Identique, 2. a. indentie; the 

Identiqaement, ad. identieaUy 
Identity, sf. identilyf sameness 
Id«8, sf. pi. ides 
Idiome, sm. dialect^ idiom 
Idiot, e. a. s. sillyy idiotj ninny 
Idiotisme, sm. idiotism 
Idolfttre, 2. a. s. idolatrous^ ido- 
later^ excessively fond of 
Idol&trer, va. to worship idols^ 

Idol&trie, sf. idolatry 
Idole, an idol ; statue, post 
Idylle, idyl (short poem) 
If, sm. yev, yew-tree 
I^are, 2. a. illiterate 
Ign^e, 2. a. fiery, igneous 
l^nicole, s. an adorer of fire ^ 
Ignition, sf. ignition 
Ignoble, 2. • ignoble, base' 
IgnoMement, ad. ignobly 
Ignominie, sf. ignominy, infamy 
Ignominieusement, ad.—niously 
Ignominieuz, se, a. ignominious 
Ignoramment, ad. ignorantly 
Ignorance, sf. ignorance 
Ignorantj e. a. s. ignorant 
Ignorantisaijue, 3. a. most igno- 
Ignorer, va. not to * know 
n, pro. he, it 
He, sf. an island, isle 
lies, sm. pi. ilia, bowels 
lUaque, 2. a. iliac 
nilgai, e. a. illegal 
ni^galltd, sf. -Uty 
IU6^time, 2. a. illegal; illegiti- 
niigitim^ment, ad. illegally 
ni^gitlmitd, sf. —timaey 
niicite, 3. a. unlawful • / 
UHcitement, ad. unlawfully 
IUiinit6, «. iUimited 


lUuminatU; ve. a.— noted 
niuniination, sf. —tion 
Illuming, e. a. lightsome, dear 
Dliuniner, va. to illuminate 
Illusion, sf. illusion, fallacy 
UluBoire, 2. a. illusivet prestigi- 
ous; deceitful 
lUuaoirement, ad. deceitfully 
Ulustration, sf.—tUtn 
Iliustre, 2.a. iUustrious,famous, 

noble, noted 
lUuBtrer, va. to illustrate; adorn; 
* set off [ous 

niustriagime, 2. a. most iUustri- 
Ilot, sm. a small island 
Il8,jpro. they 

N. B. The syllables im, in, um, 
«n, in the composition of 
words, answer to not, and of 
late the French make use, ra- 
ther too freely, of these parti- 
Image, */. image, fancy 
Imager, e. a pri/UsrUer; aprint- 

shop; image-maker 
Imaginable, 2. a. —noble 
Imaginaire, 2. a. imaginary 
Imaginatif, ve. — tioe, full of in- 
Imagination, sf. —tiori, fancy, 

Imaginer, va. to imagine ; con- 
trive [think 
SMmaginer, va. to imagine ; * 
Iman, ^m. a mahometan priest 
Imb^cille, 2. a. s. weak, silly 
Imbecility sf. imbecility 
Imberbe, 2. a. beardless 
Imbiber, va. to imbibe; soak 
S'imbiber, vr. to soak; * be im- 
Imbriaqne, s. drunkard 
Imbric^e, tuile imbric^e, con- 
cave tile 
Imbroille, sm. confusion 
Imbu, e. a. imbued; possessed 

with; full, filled 
Imitable, 2. a. imitcUtle 
Imit&teur, sm. imitator; follower 
Imitation, */. —tion 
Imitatrice, —tatrix 
Imiter, va. to imitate ; follow 
Immacul^, e. a. unspotted 
Immangeable,' a. not eatable 
ImmanquaMe, 3. a. infaUiblo 


Immanquablement, ad. ntfaOi- 

Immateriality, sf. —lity 
Immateriel, le. a. immaterial 
Immat^riellement, ad. immate- 
Immatriculation, sf. motncMlo- 

tion, registering 
Immatricule, matriculation 
imraatriculer, vo. to enrol 
Immaturity, sf. unripeness 
Iram6diat, e. a. immediate 
Imm^diatemcnt, ad.—tely 
Immemorial, e. a. —rial 
Immense, 2. a. immense; vast 
Immens^ment, ad. vastly 
Inmiensit6, sf.—sity; vastnMS 
Immersif, ve. a. sive 
Immersion, sf. sion 
Immeuble, sm. real estate 
Imminent, e. a. imminent 
S'immiscer, vr. to intermeddle 
Immis^ricordieux, se. a. unmet 

Immobile, 2. a. immoveable 
Immobilier, iere, a. inseparable 
Immobility, sf. —lity 
Immoderation, intemperance 
Immodere, e. a. itpjnoderate 
Immod6rement, ad. —rately 
Imniodeste, 2. a. —dest 
Iramodestement, ad. —destly 
Immodcstief sf. immodesty 
Immolation, — tf on, «acrtjSce 
Immoler, va. to sacrifice 
Immonde, 2. a. unclean, foul 
Immondices, sf.plfilLh, dirt 
Immortaliser, vq. to immortaliia 
Immortality, sf^lity 
Immortel, le. a. immortal 
Immortelle, sf. amaranth 
Immuable, 2. a. immutable 
Immuablement, ad. immutably 
Immunity, «/. immunity 
Immutability, lity^ un- 

Impair', 2. a. odd 
Impalpable, 2. a.—ble; not to 

* be* felt 
Impardunnable, 2. a. unpardon- 

ble [fective 

Imparfait, e. a. imperfect; de- 
Imparfaitement, ad. imperfectly 
Impnrtagcablc, 2. a. indivisible 
Impaitial, e. a. impartial 

^ IMP 

ImputiHlfmaity ad.—t\aUy 
Impartiality, af. —lity; justice 
ImpaflBlbilit^i —2%, impassable- 

Impaasible, 3. a. —bU 
Impatiemment, ad. — Uently 
Impatience, sf. impatience 
Impatient, e. a. impatient 
Impatienter, «a. to * put out of 

patience; provoke 
8'impatienter, vr. to fret; he 

6*impatroni8er, to * get authar 

rity; to ^' bejfonoard 
Impayabtc, 3. a. inestimable 
Impeccability, sf. —lity 
Impeccable, 2. a. impeccable 
Imp6n«trabilit6, sf —lity 
Impenetrable, 2. a. —trable 
Impen^trablement, ad. tr(h 

Im^nitence, sf. —tence 
Impenitent, e. a. impenitent 

Imperatif, sm, tive, a mood 

Imperativement, ad. haughtily 
Imperatrice, sf. an empress 
Imperceptible, 2. a. —tible 
Impeiceptibiement, ad. —tibly 
Imperdable, 2*. a. inadmissible 
Imperfection, */. -^ — tiun; defect 
Imperial, e. a. imperial 
Iniperiale, sf. coach's roof; ihe 

imperial lily 
Imperiaux, sm. pi. imperialists 
Imperieusemeat, ad. — riously 
Imperieuz, se. a. imperious 
ImperisBable, 2. a. imperishable 
Imperitie, sf. ignorance 
Impersonel, le. a. impersonal 
Impersonellement, ad. imperson- 
Impertinenunent, —tinently ; 

Impertmence, sf. — nence 
Impertinent, e. a. s. impertinent; 
absurd; silly ; foolish ; intru- 
sive; meddlrng 
Imperturbabilite, sf. immobility 
Imperturbable, 2. a. immoveable 
Imperturbablement, arl. steadily 
Impetrable, 2. a. obtainable 
Impetrant, e. a. s. grantee, pa- 

Impetratimi, sf. ^tion [treaty 
Impetrer, vo. to t^tain by en- 


Impeteusement, ad. --tuously 
Impetueux, sc. a. imp^uous 
Impetuoeite, .«/. —sity^fury 
Impie, 2. a. impious"; ungodly 
Impiete, sf. impiety-, ungodliness 
Impitoyable, 2. a. merctless 
Impitoyablement, ad. unmerei- 

fullyy cruelly 
Implacable, 2. a. implaeable 
Implexe, 2. a. intricate 
Implication, sf. — tton 
Implicite, 2. a. implicit 
Implicitement, ad. —dtly 
Impliquer, vo. to embarrass; im- 
plicate; imply 
Imploration, sf, the act of im- 
Implorer, va. to implore^ to beg 
Impoli, e. a. unpolite; clownish 
Impolitease, sf. rudeness 
Importance, importance ; conso- 

quenee; work; moment 
Impprtant, e. a. important 
Importation, */. —Hon 
Importer, vn. to import ; concern 
Importun, e. a. s. importunate ; 

troublesome ; sad 
Importunement, ad. —nately 
Importuner, va. to importune; 

to trouble ; vex ; dun 
Importunite, sf. —nity, dunning 
Impoeable, 2. a. liable to be taxed 
Imposant, e. a. striking; auful 
Imposer, va. to impose, * lay en 
Imposition, sf. —tion^ tax 
Impossibilite, — Wy 
Impossible, 2 a. impossible 
Imposte, */. keystone 
Impoeteur, sm. impostor; cheat 
Imposture, */. imposture 
Impdt, sm. impost; tax; custom 
Impdt, sur cliaque tdte, poll-tax 
— BUT chaque feu, hearth-money 
Impotent, e. a. impotent ; lame 
lmpracticable,2. a. im^ racticable 
Imprecation, */. —tion; curse 
Imprecatoire, 2. a. —tory 
Impregnation, */. —tion 
Impregner, va. to impregnate 
Impregnable, 2. a. impregnable 
Impreacriptibilite, sf, -Uty 
Impregcriptible, 2. a. —UbU 
Impression, sf. ii^ression ; per- 
suasion ; printing 
Impc^voyancei want efforeeust 



Impievoyant, e. a. twtprovident 
Imprevu, e. a. unforeseen 
Imprime, sm. any thing printed 
Xmprimer, va. to print; prime; 

engrave; stamp ; * strike 
Imprimerie, sf. printing ; print- 

ing-hotise; press 
Imprimeur, «in. a printer 
Imprimure, sf. canvass-plaster' 

Improbable, 2. a. improbable 
Improbateur, trice, a censurer; 

Iroprobation, sf. disproving ^ 
Improbite, want of honesty, etce 
Impropre, q. improper; unfit 
Improprement, ad. —perly 
Impropriete, */. — ^rtcty 
Impromptu, sm. extempore 
Improviste, a Timproviste, sud- 

denly, unexpectedly 
Improuver, va. to disapprove 
Imprudemment, ad. imprudent- 


Imprudence, sf. — denee 
Imprudent, e. a. imprudent 
Imprudent, e. s. a fool 
Impubere, 2. a. s. not adult, «w 

der age 
Impudemment, ad. impudently 
Impudence, sf. —dence 
Impudent, c. a. s. —dent; saucy 
Impudicite sf. lewdness 
Impudique, 2. a. imm^tdest; lewd 
Impudiquement, ad. lewdly 
Impugner, va. impugn; oppose 
Impuissance, sf. inability; tm- 

Impuissant, e. a. impotent; in- 

Impulsif, ve. a, — sive; driving 
Impulsion, sf. —sion, impulse 
Impunement, ad. with impunity 
Impuni, e. a. unpunished 
Impunite, sf. impunity 
Impur, e. a. impure ; lewd 
Impurement, ad. inqiurely 
Impurete, sf. impurity; lewdness 
Imputation, — tion; charge; de- 

Imputer, va. to impute; charge 

with; ascribe; deduct 
Inabordable, 2. a. inaccessible 
InaccessiliiUte, sf. inaeeeaeibta- 



Inacceasible, 2. a. inaceesaibU 
Inaccommodable, not to * be ^ 

mtuU up 
Inaccostable, ujuociable 
Inaccoutum6,e a.unaeeiaUmed 
Inaction, sf. inaction 
Inadmisisible, 2. a. not admittable 
Inadvertence, */. —tency; over- 
Inalienability, —lity 
Inalienable, 2. a. —bU 
Inalliable,'tAat can't be mixed 
Inalterable, unalterable 
Inamiasibilite, ef. —lity 
Inamissible, 2. a. —ble 
Inamovible, unremovable 
Inanime, e. a. inanimate 
Inanition, sf, weakness for want 

of food 
Inapplicable, 2. a. —ble 
Inapplication, sf. heedlessness 
Inapplique, e. a. supine; care- 
Inappreciable, 2. a. invaluable 
Inaptitude, sf. want of aptitude 
Inarticuie, e. a. inarticulate 
Inattaquable, 2. a. that cannot 

be attacked 
Inattendu, e. a. unexpected 
Inattentif, ve. inattentive 
Inattention, sf. heedlessness 
Inauguration, — tion 
Inaugurer, va. to initiate 
Incalculable, 2. a. not to * be 

computed or reckoned - 
Incantation, sf. — «»<m, charm 
Incaplble, 2. a. —blcy ut^t 
Incapacite, sf. —city, inability 
Incamadin, e. a. light flesh-co- 
Incarnat, e. a. carnation; flesh- 
Incarnation, sf. —tion 
Incarner, va. to cover (a wound) 

with new flesh 
B'incarner, vr. to* become man 

(speaiiing of Christ) 
bicartade, sf. insult/fraud 
Incendiaire, «m. incendiary 
Incendie, •/. a great fare; com- 
bustion; broils • 
Incendier, va. to * set fire to 
Inc^ration, sf. mixture of wax 
locertain, et a. uncertain, doubt- 
ful; irresolute; in suspense 


Incertainement, ad. uncertainly 
Incertitude, sf. incertitude; un- 
certainty; suspense 
Inceasamment, ad. incessantly; 

forthwith: every moment 
Incesdible, 2. a. iuuiienable 
Inceste, sm. incest [ly 

Incestueu£emeDt,^d. ineestuous- 
Incestueux, se. a. incestuous 
Incidemment, ad. incidtntly 
Incidence, sf. —dence 
Incident, sm. incident, accident 
Incident, e. a. incidental; casual 
Incidenter, vn. to * split a cause 
Incineration, sf. reducing to 

Incirconcise, e. a. s. uncircum- 

Inciser, va. to * muke an incision, 

to * cut 
Incisif, ve. a. —sive, cutting 
Incision, sf. —sion, cutting 
Incisoire, 2. a. inciaory, incisive 
Incitation, */. —tion, motion 
Inciter, va. incite; entice; induce 
Incivil, e. a. uncivil 
Incivilement, ad. uncivilly 
Incivilite, sf. incivility; a piece 

of rudeness 
[ncivisme, «m. want of subjection 

tc the laws 
Inciemence, sf, inclemency; 

Inclement, e. a. — ment, severe 
Inclinant, e. a. inclining; in- 
Inclinaiaon, sf. inclination 
Inclination, —tion, love 
Incliner, v. to tncHnSt * bend; 

bow down 
Fnclus, e. a. enclosed 
Inclusif, ve. a. inclusive 
Incluaiyement, ad. —vely 
Incoatif, ve. a. beginning 
Incognito, —to, unknown 
Incombuetibilite, ef. —litf 
Incombustible, 2. a. —tible 
Incommensurabilite, sf. — lity, 

Incommensurable, 2. a. —ruble 
Incommodant, e. a. troublesome, 

inconvenient; uneasy/ 
Incommode, 3. a. troublesome; 



Tncommodement, aa. uneasily 
bicominoder, va. to incommode; 

* distress; disturb, trouble 
Incommode, e. a. disturbed, it^ 

disponed; disabled; at a pinch 
Inconimodite sf. —dity, tncon* 

vtnitncy; indisposition; want; 

Incommunicable, 2. a. —ble 
Incommutabilite, sf. —lity 
Incommutable, 2. a. —ble, that 

cannot be exchanged 
Incomparable, 2. a. —hie 
Incomparablcment, ad. ,—bly 
Incompatibiliie, sf. —lity 
Incompatible, 3. a. —tible 
In(!ompetemment, ad. —tent 
Incompetence, sf. —tency 
Incompetent, e. a. —tent 
Incomplaisance, sf. tncM^Zf 

ance; suUenness 
Incomplaisant, e. a. sullen 
Incomplet, e. a. —plete 
Incomplexe, e. a. simple 
Incomprehensibilite, sf. —lity 
Inccmpreiicnsible, 2. a. — ble 
Incompressible, —ble 
Inconcevable, inconceivable 
Inconciliable, that * cannot agre, 
Inconduite, sf. misconduct 
Incongru, c. a. incongruous; un 

suitable; inconsistent 
Incongrueroent, ad. —grueuety 
Incongruite, */. —gruxty 
Inconnu, e. a. s. unknown 
Inconsequence, sf. —quenee 
Inconsequent, e. a. inconeistent 

Inconsideration, sf. —tion 
Inconsidere, e. a. — derate 
Inconsiderement, ad. rashly 
Inconsolable, 2. a. —ble 
Inconsolablement, ad. —lably 
Inconstamment, lightly 
Inconstance, sf. fickleness 
Inconstant, e. a. inconstant 
Incontestable, 2." a. —table 
Incontestablement, ad. undouht 

edly, most certainly 
Inconteste, e. a. uncontested 
Incontinence, */. — ii«iey 
Incontinent, e. a. — nent 
Incontinent, ad. immediatdw 
Inconvenient, sm. inconventene^ 



Inoorpcwadont «/. ^ion 

Incorporel, le. a. b*odiles8 

Incorporer, va. to incorporate i 
annex; admit; unite 

Incorrection, */. —tion; negli- 

Incorrigibility, —gibltness 

Incorrigible, 2. a. —ble 

incorruption, */. —tion « 

Incorruptibiiite, — litjf 

Incorruptible, 2. a. —title 

Incraaser, va. to thicken 

Incr6dibilil6, */. —iity 

Incr^dule, 2. a. s. incredulous; 
an unbeliever 

Incredulity, sf. —lity; unbelief 

Incr^e, e. a. uncreated - 

Incroyable, 2. incredible 

Incroyablement, ad. incredibly 

Incrustation, sf. —tion 

Incruster, va. to incrust 

Incubation, sf. —tion^ tke setting 
upon eggs 

Inculie, sm. night-mare 

Inculpation, sf. accusation 

Inculper, va. to accuse of a fault 

Inculquer, to inculcate 

IncuJte, 2. a. uncultivated 

Incurabiiite, sf. incurableness 

Incurable, 2. a. s. —ble 

Incurie, sf. carelessness 

Incursion, — £ton, inroad 

Indes (les,) East, Indies 

Ind^ceimnent, ad. indecently 

Ind^cence, */. —cency 

Indecent, e. a. —cent 

Ind^chiffrable, 2. a. not to be de- 
dpheredj inexplicable 

Inducts, e. wavering; undeter- 

Indecision, sf, — sion 

Indeclinable, 2. a. —noble 

Ind^croUble, 2. a. odd; wkxmsi- 
ctd; suUen 

Indefectibillte, */. —lity 

Indefectible, 2. a. -ble 

Indefini, e. icn^ntVc, unlimited 

Indefiniment, ad. —nitely 

Indefiniapable, 2. ei. unaccount- 

Indeiebile, 2. inielibU 

IndeUMre, e. sudden 

Indemaisation, sf. irtdemnifiear 

Indtoiniaer, vo. t« vUemnify 


Indemnity, sf. indemnification 
Independamment, ad. —denily 
Ind^pendance, sf. — dence 
lude pendant, e. a. —dent 
IndealrucUbilite, sf —lity 
Indestructible, 2. a. —ble 
Indeterniination, sf irresolution 
Indeterniine, e. a. indeterminate; 

undetermined; irresolute 
Indetermineiuent, ad. —minately 
Indevot, e. a. irreligious 
Indevoteinent, ttd. ungodlily 
Indevotion, */, — tion; irreiigion 
Index, sm. index, fore-finger 
Indicatif, ve. a. —tive, showing 
Indicatif, sm. —live mood 
Indication, sf. —tion^ mark 
Indice, sm. sign, probability 
Indicible, 2. a. unspeakable 
Indiction, */. — tion, calling of 

a council 
Indien, ne. a. s. Indian 
Indienne, sf. printed calico 
Indifferemment, ad. —rentlyy 

Indifference, sf. — rence 
Inditferent, e. a. indifferent; im- 
partial; insensible 
Indig^nat, sm. being a native 
Indigence, */. — genes, toant 
Indigene, 2. a. indigenous; native 
Indigent, e. a. —gent; poor 
Indige8tc,-2. a. undigested; rata 
Indigestion, sf. —tion, surfeit 
Indignation, — tion 
Indigne, 2. a. unworthy; base; 

Indigne, e. a. very an^ry 
Indignement, ad. basely 
Indigner, va. to irritate 
S'indigher, vr. to * be filled with 

indignation, to fret 
Indignite, sf. unwortMness ; in- 
Indigo, sm. indigo 
Indigoterie, sf. indigo manufac- 
Indiquer, va. to indicate, appoint 
Indirect, e. a. —rect, sinister 
Indirectement, ad. -meetly 
Indisciplinabie, 2. a. indocile; 

froward; unruly 
Indiscipline, e. not disciplined 
Indiscipline, sf. want of disci- 
pline; rawness 



Indiscret, te. a. s. — erect 
Indiscretion, sf. — tion, folly 
Indiscretement, ad. rashly 
Indispensable, 2. a. —sable 
Indispensablement, ad. —ly 
Indispose, e. a. out of order; 

disaffected; set against 
Indisposer, va. to disiiuline, to 

* set against 
Indisposition.^/. iUness, disaffec- 
Indisputable, 2, a. —ble 
Indisputablenient, ad. — bly 
Indissolubilite, sf. —lity 
Indissoluble, 2. a. —ble 
Indissolublement, ad. — bly 
Indistinct, e. a. indistinct 
Indistinctement, ad. —tinctly, 

Individu, sm. individual 
Individuel, le. a. —dual 
Individuellement, ad. —dually 
Indivis, e. a. unparted, undivided 
Indivisibilite, sf. —lity 
Indivisible, 2. a. —sible • 
Indivisiblement, ad. —bly 
Indocile, 2. a. unte'achable ; un- 

Indocilite, sf. —lity 
Indolence, indolence; supineness 
Indolent, e. a. indolent, supine 
Indomptabie, 2. a. untameaiile; 

Indoinpte, e. not tamed; unruly 
In-douze, sm. a book in twelves 

or duodecimo size 
Indubitable, 2. a. —ble 
Indubitablement, ad. —bly 
Induction, sf. —tion, inference 
Indu, e. a. undu^ 
Induement, ad. unduly 
Induire, va. to induce, * lead; 

Indulgemment, ad. indulgent- 

Indulgence, sf. —gence 
Indulgent, e. a. -rgent, kind 
Indult, sm. an indulto 
Indultaire, one that * has* gU 

an indulto 
Industrie, sf. industry 
Industrieusement, ad. industnr 

' <"**'y .... 

IndustrieuXf ae. a. tndustrtouB ; 





In^branlable, a. unmoveaUe; 
steady; firm 

In^branlabiement, ad, vnmove- 
ably; steadily 

iDeffabilit^, sf. unspeakabletuss 

Ineffable, 2. a. ineffable 

Inefikfable, indelible 

Inefficace, ineffective 

Inefficaclt^, sf. inqffieacy 

In^gal, e. a. unegualf uneven 

In^galement, ad. unequally 

In^gallt^, sf. inequality f uiuvtn- 

In616gant, e. a. —gant 

ln6ligible, 2, a. tohv * eannol be 

In6narrable, 2. a. unspeakaHe 
Inepte, 2. a. inept; unfit; silly 
Ineptie, sf. foolery 
In^puiaabSe, 2. a. inexhaustible; 

Inertie, sf. inertia^ dulness 
Incsp^r^, c. a. unexpected 
Inesigr^ment, ad. unezpecUdly 
Inestimable, 2. a. inestimable 
Inevitable, 2. a. inevitable^ un- 

In^vitablement, ad. bly; unr 

(nexact, e. a. inaccurate 
Inexactitude, sf. inaecuraey 
Inexcusable, 2. a. inexcusable 
tnex6cuUon, */. npn-perform- 
Inexorable, 2. a. — bU [ance 
[nexorablement, ad. —bly 
Inexperience, sf. — rience 
Jnexp6rimente, e. o. inexpert 
Inexpiable, 2. a. inexpiable 
Inexplicable, 2. a. unezplicable 
Inexprimable, 2. a. inexpressible 
Inexpugnable, 2» a. impregnable 
Inextinguibilite, sf. quality of 

being unquenchable 
Tnexlinguible, 2. a. inextinguish- 

abUj unquenchable 
Inextricable, —cable 
Infaiilibilite, sf. infallibaity 
Infaillible, 2. a. infallible 
lofailUblement, ad. infalUbly 
Inftiisable, 2. a. not to * be * 

done; impossible 
Infamant, e. a. defamatory 
Infamation, sf. defaming 
Infame, S. a. «. infamous; 


Infamie, rf. infamy; eeandaUuellBAicWfj ve. a. —Hve 

action; foul names I Infliction, sf. —Uony ptmishment 

Infant, e. a. s. infant; inf aMta\lnfllgQTf va. to inAiet^ punish 
. « .,_ Influence, */. influence 

(a UUe in Spain) 
Infanterie, sf. infantry ^ foot 
lafknticide, sm. —cide, murdeVi 

or murderer of an infant 
Infatigabilite, sf. indefatigable- 

Infatigable, 2. a. indefatigable 
Infatigablement, ad. indtfatiga- 

Infatuation, sf. infatuation ; 

Infatucr, va. to infatuate 
Infecond, e. a. unfruitful 
Infecondite, sf. barrenness 
Infect, e. a. infected, tainted 
Infectcr, va. to infect, taint 
Infection, sf. —tion, taint 
Infeiicite, — c%, unhappiness 
Infeodation, infeoffment 
Inf6oder, vr. to infcoff 
Inferer, to infer, conclude 
Infer ieur, c. a. inferior; lower 
Inferieurement, ad. belov 
Inferiority, */. —rity 
Infernal, e. a. infernal, hellish 
Infbrtile, 2. a. unfruitful 
Infertility, 2. a. barrenness 
Infester, va. to infest 
Infidele,2. a. unfaithful; treache- 
Infidele, s. infidel; unbeliever 
Infideiement, ad. unfaithfully 
Infideiite, «/. infidelity, treachery 
Infini, e. a. infinite; endless 
Intiniment, —nitcly; great deal 
Infinite, sf. infinity, a world 
Infinitif, sm. — tive mood 
Infirmatif, ve. a. annulling 
Inflrme, 2. a. s. infirm, sickly 
Infirmerj va. to invalidate 
Infirmene, sf. infirmary . 
Jnfirmier, e. s. overseer of an in- 
Infirmite, sf. —ty; sicktiess 
Inflammabilite, —lity 
Inflammable, 2. a. ii^mmt^le 
Inflammation, */. —tion 
Inflammatoire, 8. a. — tory 
Inflexibilite, sf. —lity 
Inflexible, 2. a. inflexible, stiff 
Intfexlblement, ad. —bly 
Inflexion, rf. infiexiont bonding 

Influence, */. influence 
Influer, va. to influence 
In- folio, em. afoUo-book 
Information, sf. —tion, inquest 
Informe, 2. a. shapeless 
Informer, v. to inform, * tell 
S'mfonner, vr. to inquire 
Infortune, sf. misfortune • 
Infortunee, a. s. unlucky; ttir 

Infracteur, sm. infringer 
Infraction, sf. infringement 
Infructueusement, cm. unprofibr 

ably; to no purpose 
Infructueux, se. a. fruitless 
Infus, e. a. infused 
Inset, va. to infuse, * steep 
Infusion, */. — «w» 
Ingambe, 3. a. active, nimbltx 

S'ingenier, vr. to look for means 
Ingenicur, sm. an engineer 
Ingenieusement, ad. wittily 
Ingenieux, se. ingenious 
IngenUj e. a. ingenuous, free 
Ingenuite, sf. ingenuousness 
Ingenument, ad. frankly 
S'ingerer, or. to intermcddlt 

with, to * take upon one 
Ingrat, e. a. s. ungrateful 
Ingratitude, sf. ingratitude 
Ingredient, sm. ingredient 
Inguerissable, 2. a. incurable 
Inliabile, 2. a. unqualified, inea 

pable, unapt 
Inhabilite, sf. incapacity 
Inbabitable, 2. a. uninhabitabU 
Inhablte, e. a. uninhabited 
Inheroace, sf. — rency 
InherAit, e. a. -^ent 
Inhlber, va. to prohibit 
Inhibition, */. —tion 
lohoepitalite, —lity 
Inhumain, e. a.s. tnAiiiium; a 

cruel man or woman 
Inbummnemcnt, ad. erueUy 
Inhumaniie, ^. —nity, crueUig 
Inhiunation, interment 
Inhumcr, va. to inter, bury 
Injectt;r, to inject, * cast in 
Injection, sf. —tion [imaginod 
' • • '■ fLu^not to* b9 

mo ^ 

Inimitable, 9. a. — ftle 
Inimiti^, sf. enmity 
lojntelligible, 2.a. unrntOUgHUt 

Ii^jtMiction, sf. injunction 
Inique, 2. a. iniquitous; unjust 
Iniquement, ad. m^ustly 
Iniquity, af. — ty; iigustiee 
Initial, e. a. initial 
Initiation, sf. —tion 
Initier, va. to initiator admit 
lojuie, »/. injury; abusive lanr 

fuag-Cj aiuse^ names 
Injurier , va. to eaU one names 
Injurieujsement, ad. —riously 
lojurjeux, se. a. injurious; a- 

busive, vrongful 
lDjuste,2.a. unjust^ unreasonabte 
InjuBtement, ad. unjustly 
Injustice, sf. injustice 
Inad, e. a. inmate 
Innocemment, ad. innocently 
Innocence, sf. innocence 
Innocent, e. a. innocent ; karmr 

Innocent, e. s. an idiot 
binocenter, va. to acquit 
InnombraUe, 3. a. innumerable 
Innombrablement, ad. innume- 
rably; sans nombre, is better 
Innom6, a.— Contrat innom^, 

reciprocal agreement without 

Innomine, e. a. nameless 
Innovations, sm. innovator 
Innovateor, sf —tion; change 
Innover, va. to •innovate 

Inobservation, non-observance 
Inoculateur, rice. s. --tor; in- 

Inoculation, */. —tion; grafting 
inoculer, va. to inoculate; in- 

Inoculiste, sm. a partisan of in- 

Inofficicuz, se. a. unkind 

Inondation,«/. inundation^ flood; 

Inooder, va. to overflow; * over- 

SMnonder, vr. to ♦ drown one's 
self; * drink much [den 

Iiiopin6, e. a. wiforeseon; sud- 

INS ^ 

Inopin^roent, ad. wtorpeetedlf 

Inoui, e. a. unheard of; strange 
In-promptu, sm. ettempore 
In-quarto, a book in quarto 
Inquiet, e. a. uneasy; restless 
Inqui^ter, va. to disturb; * vex 
S'— ,* be vexed; • be un- 
Inquietude, sf. disquiet; umasi- 

Inquiaitdur, sm. inquisitor 
Inquisition, sf. —tion 
Insaiutvite, unwholesomeness ; 

Insatiability, insatiablenese 
Insatiable, 2. a. —ble^ insatiate 
Insatiablement, ad. —tiably 
Insciemment, ad. not knowing 
Inscription, sf. inscription 
Inscrire, va. to inscribe 
S'— , vr. to * undertake a charge 
Inscrutable, 2. a. —ble^ unfa- 
Insfu, A mon ins^u, without my 

Insecte, sm. an insect 
In-seize, a book in sixteens 
Insens6, e. a. s. senseless; a fool 
Insensibility, sf. —lity 
Insensible, 2. a. —ble^ not * felt 
Insensiblement, ad. —sibly 
Inseparable, 2. -^hle 
Ins^parablement, ad. —rably 
Insurer, va. to insert; add 
Insertion, sf. —tion; inoculation 
Insidieusement, ad. —diously 
Insidieux, se. a. insidious 
Insigne, 2. a. notable, notorious; 

noted; signal; arrant 
Insignement, ad. notably 
Insinaant, e. a. engaging; pleas- 
Insinuation, sf. —tion; register- 
ing [tor 
Insinuer, va. to insinuate; tegis- 
S'inainuer, vr. to * steal in; 

* creep 
Insipide, 2. a. insipid, flat; wit- 
Insipidity, */. —dity 
Insister, vn. to insist; urge 
Insociabilite, sf. uTuociableness 
Insociable, 2. a, unsociable 
Insolation, sf. exposition of a 
vessel to tho mh 




Insolence, */. —lenee; pride 

Insolent, e. a. insolenty proud 

Insoler, va. to dry in the sun 

Insolite, 2. a. unusutU; obsoUU 

Insolvabilit^, sf. vnfolveney 

Insolvable, 2. a. insolvent 

Insoluble, 2. a. insoluble 

Insomnie, sf. want ofrest, woks 

Insouciance, carelessness 

Insouciant, e. a. devoid of care, 

Insoumis, e. a. uneonquered, ro- 

Insoutenable, 2. a. indefensible; 

Inapdcteur, sm. inspector; over- 

Inspection, sf. —Hon 

Inspiration, —tion 

Inspirer. va. to inspire, suggest 

Instability, sf. —lity 

Instable, 2. a. nnstable 

Installation, sf. —tion * 

Installer, va. to instal 

Instamment, ad. urgently; e/ttih 

Instance, sf entreaty; process; 

Instant, sm. instant 

Instant, e. a. urgent, pressing 

Instantan^e, 2. a. instantaneous 

A rinstar, ad. like 

Instauration,^/. —tion; restora- 

Instigateur, sm. Instigalrice, f. 

Instigation, sf. —tion 

Instiguer, va. to instigate; enr 

Instiller, to instil, pour in gently 

Instinct, sm. instinct 

Instituer, va. to institute; *teaehi 

Institut, sm. institute 

Instituaire, a reader of the insti- 

Instituteur, sm. founder, tutor 

Institution, sf. —tion; founding; 
instruction: training up 

Institutrice, a governess, afoumr 

Instructcur, #». — ti .. 

de procda, a seUe^tor' 



Instmctif, ve. a. instructive 
Instruction, sf. —titi 
][n8t(uire, va. to instruct^ inform 
Instruisant, e. a. instructive 
Instrument, sm. —ment^ tool 
Instrumental, e. a. —ttU 
Instrumenter, va. to * viake 

Insuffisamment, ad. —fidcntly 
Insufiisance, sf. —fidency 
Insuffiaant, e. a. insuffixientf un- 

fity ignorant 
Insulaire, a. s. 2. —lary islander 
Insultabie, 2. a. assailable 
Insultant, e. a. abusive 
Insults, sf. insult, affront 
Insulter, va. to insult, abuse 
In8upportable,~2. a. —table 
Insupportablement, ad. —tahly 
Insurgens, sm. pi. Hungarian 

militia; revolters 
Insurmontable, 2. a. invincible 
Intact, e. a. whole, pure 
Intarissable, 2. a. inexhaustible 
lat^gral, e. a. integral 
Int6grant, e. a. integrant 
Int^gre, 2. o. honest, upright 
Int6grit6, sf. inUgrity, honesty 
Intellect, sm. intellect 
Intellectif, ve. a. intellectual 
Intellectuel, le. a. —tual 
Intdiigemment, ad. knowingly 
Intelligence, sf. —ce; under- 
standing; skill; spirit; union 
Intelligent, e. a. intdligent; 

Intelligible, e. a. intelligible; 

Intelligiblement, ad. —gibly 
Intemp<iramment, intemperately 
Intcmp6rance, sf. — ranee 
Intemp^rant, e. a. —pcrate 
Intcmp6r6, e. a. immoderate 
Intemp^rie, sf. —perature 
Intendance, management, office 

of an intendant; district; im- 

tendanVs house 
Intendant, sm. lord-lieutenant; 

steward; commissioner 
Intendante,«f. lord-lieutenanV s, 

steward's, or eommissioner''s 

Intense, 5t. a. intense 
Intensity, sf. tntensenesa 
IntcQsivcinent, ad, HUenselif 


Intenter une action, t>. to * bring 
an action, iitetitute a suit 

Intention, sf. intention, intent; 
purpose; design; meaning; 

Bien ou mal intentlonn^, well or 
ill affected 

Intercalaire, 2. a. intercalary, 

Intercalation, sf. — tion 

Intercaler, va. to insert; to add 

Interc^der, vn- to intercede 

Intercepter, va. to intercept 

Interception, */. —tion, 

Intercesseur, sm- cesser; me- 

Intercession, sf. — tion^ media- 

Interdiction, — Uon 

Interdire, va. to prohibit; * take 
out an act of lunacy; amaze, 
shut up; suspend 

Interdit, sm. interdiction; sus- 

Interdit, e. a.' confounded; for- 

Int^ressant, e. a. of great con- 
cern, affecting 

Int^resse, e. a. selfish; covetous, 

Int6ress6, sm. a party concerned; 

Intferesser. va. to concern; affect; 

S' — , vr. to * he concerned, m^ved 

Int6ret, sm. interest, profit 

Interjection, sf. —tion 

Interjetler un appel, va. to* bring 
in an appeal 

Int6rieur, e. a. interior; inward; 

Int6rieur, sm. inward parts, in- 
ner rooms; man's heart 

Int^rieurement, ad. inwardly 

Inl6«m, sm. interim, meantime 

Interligne, */. interline 

Interlin6aire, 2. a. interlined 

Interlocuteur, sm. — cutor 

Interlocution, sf. —tion 

Interlocutoire, 2. o. s. —tory 

Interlope, sm. a. smuggler; an 

Interloquer, v. to grant an im- 

IntermSde, tm. an interlude 


.Interm6diare, 2. a. —medial 
Intermediat, e. a. —diate 
Interminable, 2. o. —ble, that 

* cannot be decided 
Intermission, sf. —sion, paus 
Intermitlence, disconiinuance 
Intermittent, e. a. —witting 
Interne, 2. a. internal, inward 
Intemonce, sm. internuncio 
Internonciature, sf. place or dig' 

nity of an internuncio 
Interpellation, — tion, summons 
Interpellcr, va. to summon; to 

Interpolateur, sm. —later 
Interpolation, sf. — tion 
Interpoler, va. to interpolate; 

Interposer, to interpose 
Interposition, sf. —tion 

Interpr6tation, tion, ezptor 

Interpr6tatif, ve. a. —live 
Interpr6tativement, ad. —vcly 
Interprete, *. —preter, expounder 
Interpreter, va. to interpret;- 

translate, explain 
Interpreter mal, to misinterpret 
Interregne, sm. interregnum 

Interrex, rez 

Interrogaf, question, trial 
Interrogatcur, an examiner 
Interrogatif, ve. a. —tive 

Interrogation, sf. tion; de- 

' mand; question 
Inlerrogatoire, sm. examination 
Interroger, va. to interrogate; 

examine; ask questions 
Interrompre, to intcrrvpt; dis- 
turb; * break off, * leave off 
Interrupteur, sm. interrupter 
Interruption, sf. —tion 

, Intersection, tion 

Interstice, sm. interstice, inter- 
Intervalle, interval, space 
Intervenant, e. a. —vcning 
Intervenir, vn. to intervene 
Intervention, */. —tion, mediet- 

Interversion, disorder 
Intervertir, vr. to * overthrow 
Intestable, 2. a. intestable 
Intestat, e. a. intestate 
lutestiD, sm. bowd, entraU 


Inteadn, e. a. intettiiUi tuternoZ 
Intestinai, e. a. —imI 
Intimation, «/. a swmnMru 
Intim^, e. a> s. intimatej hearty 
Intim^, e. aJ a defendant 
Intimement, ad. intimatdy 
Intimer, va, to summon; * give 

notice; intimate; signify 
Intunidation, sf. threatenxng 
Intimider/va. to intimidate; ter- 
Intimity, sf. intvmaey 
iDtitul^, am. title of an aetj Src. 
Intituler, va. to entitle 
B — , vr. to call one*s self 
Intolerable, 2. a. — a*Ze 
Intol^rablcment, ad. -^dbly 
Intolerance, af. —ance^ impa- 
iotoierant, e, toko opposes 

a toleration 
Intoierantisme, sm. intoleration 

Intonation, sf. tion 

Intraitable, 2. a. untractable 

Intransitif, ve. a. tive 

latrepide, 2. a. intrepid 
Intr6pkiement, ad. boldly 

Intr6pidit6, sf. dity 

Intrigant, e. a. s. an intriguer 
intrigue, sf. intrigue^ amour; 
plot [puzzle 

Intriguer, va. to embroil; plot; 
B'inlriguer, vr. to bustle; * put 

one's self forward 
lntrins6que, 2. a. intrinsic 
Intrins6quement, ad. sicaUy 
Introducteur, rice. s. introductor 
Introduction, */. —tion 
Introdulre, va. to introduce 
Imroit, sm. introit^ beginning 
Intromission, sf. —sion 
IiitronisatioQ, enthroning ^ 
Intrdniser, va. to enthrone 
Litroavable, 2. ^ not to be * 

Intrufl, e. a. a. intruded; intru- 

Intrusion, sf. sion 

Intuitif, ve. a. intuitive 
Intuition, sf. —tion 
Intuitivement, ad. — lively 
Intumescence, sf. a swelling 
Invainca, e. a. wn>anguished 
Invalide, 2. a. s. dialled; of no 
force; invalid 


Invalideme&t, ad, tnthout force 
Invalider, va. to invalidate^ to 

annuls to * make void 
Invalidity, sf. —dity^ nullity 
Invariability, immutability 
Invariable, 2. a. —bUy constant 
In variabiemcut, ad.firmly;atead- 

Invasion, af. invasion 
Invective, — tivcy railing 
Invectiver, vn. to inveigh 
Inventaire, am. — tory, auction 
Inventer, va. to invent, contrive 
Ittventeur, am. —tor, forger 
Inventif, ve. a. ingenioua 
Invention, */. '-tion, device 
Inventorier, va. to * draw out an 

Inventrice, '*/. —treaa 
Inversable, 2. a. that * cannot * 

be overturned 
Inverse, 2. a. inverted^ a. reverae 

Inversion, af. aion 

Investigation, tion 

Investir, va. to ineeat; veat; * 

Investissement, am. inveaOng 
Investiture, sf. — ture, vesting 
Inv6t6r6, e. a. —terate, old 
Inv6t6rer,* grow old; or 

Invincible, 2. a. —ble 
Invlnciblement, ad. —eiily 
Inviolable, 2. a. — ble, — late 
Inviolablement, ad. —kUtly 
Invisibilii6, af. —bUity 

Invisible, 2. a. ble 

Invislblement, ad. aibly 

Invitation, af. tion 

Invitatoire, am. tory 

Inviter, va. to invite, * bid 

Invocation, af. tion 

Involontaire, 2. a. —luntary 
Involontairement, ad. involun- 

Involution, af. tion 

Invoquer, va, to invoke^ call up- 
Invraisemblable, 2. a. unlikely 
Invraisemblance,«/. unlikelihood 
Inusite, e. a. unusual, not used 
Inutile, 2. a. uaeUsa ; heedleaa ; 

Inutilement, ad, needletaly; in 



Inutime, */. -Uty; trijl» 
Invubi^rable, 2. a. —bl§ 
lonique, 2. a. am. umie 
Iota, am. a jot, a tittle 
Ipreau, JOutdk elm 
Ipso facto, ad, immediately; at 

once (Latin) 
Irascible, 2. a. —ble^ apt to be 

Ire, sf. wrath 
Iris, iria, the rainbq/o 
Lroaie, irony 
Ironique, 2. a. ironica, 
Ironiquement, ad. -^nually 

Irradiation, af. tion 

Irraisonnable, 2. a. irrational 
Irraisonnablement, ad. irration- 

IrratTonel, le. a. —nal 
Irr^conciliable, 2. a. — disable 
Irr6conciIiablement, ad.,irrecon- 

Irreductible, 2. a. irreducible 
Irr^formable, not to be reformed 
Irrefragable, undeniable 
Irregularity, */. —larity 
Irregulier, e. a. irregular 
Irregulierement, ad. —tarty 
Irreiigieusement, ad. profanely 
Irreiigieux, se. a. —gtous 
Irreiigion, sf. —gion, atheism 
Irremediable, 2. a. —ble, irrtco- 

Irremediablement, <id. irreco- • 


Irremissible, 2. a. bte 

Irremissiblement, ad. —sibly 
Irreparable, 2. a. —ble 
Irreparablement, ad. —rably 
Irreprehcnsible, 2. a. —sible 
Irreprehensiblement, ad.^sibly 
Irreprochable, 2. a. blammess 
Ineprscbablement, ad. unblan- 

In-esistible, 2. a. ble 

Irresistiblemeut, ad. —tibly 
Irresolu, e. a. —lute, undecided 

Irresolument, ad. lutely 

Irr68olution, sf. Hon 

Irr6v6renunent, ad. irreverently 

Irreverence, sf. rence 

Irreverent, e. a. —rent, rude 

Irrevocabilite, */. Uty 

Irrevocable, 2. a. ^l» 

Irrevocablement, ad. —cably 



Irriunt, e a. ainmuUing 
Irntatioiif sf. —tion 
Irriter^ va. to irritate^ incense 
Irruption, */. — tion, inroad 
Isabelle, a. 8. yellotOy dun 
Isocele, 3. a. of two equal parts 
Isol6, 6. insulate, lonely 
Isolement, sm. distance (m ar- 
laser, va. to hoist up 
Issu, c. a. horn; ♦ sprung 
Issue, sf. issue; outlet; purte- 

Isthine, Ml. isthmus 
Italien, ne. a. s. Italian 
Italique, 2. a. s. italic 
Item, ad. item; also 
It^ratif, ve. a. repeated 
It^rativement, ad. repeatedly 
Itin^raire, sm. itinerary 
Ivoire, ivory 

Ivoirier, ivory- turner; toyman 
Ivre, 2. o. drunken 
Ivrease, sf. drunkenness 
Ivrogne, 2. a. s. a drunkard 
Ivrogner. vn. to fuddle, bih 
IvTognerie, */. drunkenness 
Ivro^esse, a drunken woman 
Ivroie, Ivraie, tares; bad doctrine 

Ti, ad. already (old) 
t^ Jable, sm. notch of a cask 
Jabler un tonneau, va. to eroe a 

Jabloir, sm. notching tool 
JabM, a bird^s crop ; the bosom 

of a shirt 
Jftbot(Bk va. to prattle 
Jac^e^. hearVs ease 
Jaccnt, 0. common; terres jacen- 

tes. lands in abeyance 
Jachere, sf. fallow ground 
Jacberer, vn. to plough for the 

first time 
Jacinthe, sf. hya^nth 
Jacob^e, ragwort 
Jacobin, mi. a white friar; Do' 


so called from the Dominican 

convent where thsy assembled 
Joeobine, sf. Dominiean nun 


Jacobites, mi. pU Jaeobttee 
Jacobu8,M». Jacobus, broad pisee 
Jactance, sf. boasting 
Jaculatoire, 2. a. — tory 
Jadis, ad. of old, in old times 
Jaillir, vn. to spout out 
Jailliasant, e. a. spouting out 
Jaillissemcnt, sm. spouting 
J&i3,jet; black 
Jalap, jo/ap 
Jale, sf. a bowl 
Jalet, am. a pebble; a stone 
Jalon, a poli, stake 
Jalonner, vn. to * stick poles in 

the ground 
Jalouser, va. to* be jealous 
Jalousie, sf. jealousy, awe 
Jalousies, pi. blinds 
Jaloux, se. a. jealous 
Jamais, ad. never, ever 
Jambage, sm. stroke; doorposts 
Jambe, sf. leg; prop - 
Jambette, elasp-kmfe, jambs 
Jambon, sm. gammon; ham 
Jambonneau, a small ham 
Janissaire, a janissary 
Jans^nisme, sm. —nism 
Jans^niste^ —nist 
Jante, sf. jaunt of a wheel 
Janvier, sm. January 
Japoner, va. to imitate china 
Jappement, sm. yelping, barking 
Japper, vn. to yelp, * bark 
Jaquemart, sm. a jack-; to strike 

the hour 
Jaque de mailles, sf. coat of mail 
Jaquette, child's coat 
Jardin, sm. garden 
Jardinage, gardening; gardens 
Jardiner, va. to garden 
Jardinet, sm. a little garden 
Jardinier, a gardcTur 
Jordinii&re, sf. a gardener^s wife 
Jargon, sm. jargon; gibberish; 
Jargonner, vn. to jabber [cant 
Jargonneur, se. s. jabberer 
Jarre, sf. a jar;' a pitcher 
Jarret. sm. the ham; hough 
— de bosuf, shin of beef 
r- de veau, knwMe of veal 
Janeti^re, sf. a garter 
Jara, sm. large gander 
Jaaer. vn. to chatter, to blab 
Jasene, sf. prating 
Jaseur, se. s. a prater, a blab 


. sm.jasmms 
Jaspe, jasper, also, green mut 

vermtlion to sprinkle a book 
Jasper, va. to marble, to vein 
Ja$pure, sf. marbling 
Jatte, a bowl 
Jatt^e, a bowlful 
Javart, sm. swelling in the foot 

of a horse 
Javeler, v. to* bind in sheaves 
Javeleur, sm. gatherer of sheaves 
Javeline, sf. ajavflin 
Javelle, sheaf 

Javelot, sm. dart; truss of oats 
Jaugeage, sm. gaging 
Jauger, va. to gage 
Jaugeur, sm. a gager 
Jauniltre, 2. a. yellowish 
Jaune, 2. a. sm. yellow; the yolb 

of an egg 
Jaunet, sm. a butter-flower 
Jaunir, va. to f make yellow, * 

grow yellow 
Jaunisse, sf. the jaundice 
Je, pro. I 

J6remiade, sf. a frequent com- 
J^suite, sm. a Jesuit 
Jet, cast; throw; swarm; sprig; 

set; jesses; casting 
Jet d'eau, sm. a water-spwit 
Jet^e, sf. jettee, bank, mole 
Jeter, va. to * throw ; * cast ; 

suppurate; swarm; * shoot; 

spout; shed . 
Se Jeter, vr. to fall upon; ♦ get 
Jeton, sm. counter 
Jcu, game; sport; play; jest 

— de mail, a mall 

— de the&tre, attitude; gesture 

— d'^checs, chess-board 

— de paume, a tennis-court 

— de billard, a biUiard-table 

— de boule, a bowling-green 

— de quilles, a set of ptns 

— de cartes, a pack of cards 
—■ de main, rough play 

— d^esprit, a witticism 

— de xaotB, quibble, pun [gan 

— d'orgues, row of pipes inanor- 
^- de la nature, any formaOon 

out of the common order; Imsus 


Jeadi, sm. TTkursday 
Jeodi-Saint, Maundy'Thuraday 
Jeaoe, 2. a. young; younger 
Jeuoe, 97n. fast^ fasting 
Jeuaer, vn. to fast 
JeuneaaCjsf.youtAj frolic 
Jeunet, te. a. very young 
Jedneur, ee. a. a faster 
Jeoz, ^m. pi. gamesj sports 
JoaiUerie, */. jeweller's trade; 

JoaiJiier, dre. s. a jeweller 
Jocnsaejsm. simpleton; cot quean 
Jodelet, an empty fellow^ fool 
Joie, sf. joy^ delight, gladness 
Feu de joie, sm. a bonfire 
Joig^ant, pr. hard by, next to 
Joignant, e. adjoining, next to 
Joindre, vn. to join, * overtake 
Se joindre, vr. to * meet close 
Joint, sm. joint, seam 
Joint que, c. besides, to which add 
Joints, e. a. legged 
Joint^e, sf. two handfuls 
Jointure, joints, juncture 
Joli, e. a. pretty, genteel 
Joiiel, te. a. pretty enough 
Joliment, ad. neatly, prettily 
JoIivet6s, sf. pi. toys; pretty do- 
ings or sayings of children 
Jonc, sm. rush; hoop -ring 
Jonch^e, sf. strewed flowers; 

Joncher, va. to ♦ strew 
Junction, sf. joining; conjunction 
Jongleur, sm. a juggler 
Joiigierie, */. juggling 
Jonque, an Indian boat 
Jonquiile, a jonquil 
Joiiailler, vn. to play for a trifle, 

for nothinj^ 
Joubarbe, sf/ house-Uek, jubarb 
Jouc, the cheek 

Jou^e,thicknessofawin4ow wall 
Jouer, va. to play; to act; sport 
Se jouer, v. to sport; droit; * be 

in jest , " 

Joufreau, sm. a bungler at play; 

one who plays low 
Jouet, plaything; sport 
.Toueur, se. *. gamester; player 

de gobolets, a juggler 

Jouflu, e. a. fat, buxom 
"Soog, sm. yoke; slavery 
Jovial, c. a. jovial, merry 


Joujou, sm. a'ptaything 
Jouir, vn. to enjoy, possess 
Joulssance, sf. enjoyment; frui- 
Jouissant, e. a. enjoying 
Jour, sm. day; light; day-light 
Jour de Fan, new yearns day 
Jour d^s rois, twelfth day 
Jour des cendres, Jlsh- WeAnts- 

Jour des Morts, AU-Souls-day 
Jour de cong6, play day 
Jour de la naiasance du roi, the 

king's birth-day 
Jour (moyen,) way, insight 
Jour, space; clear space 
Journal, sm. journal; day-hook; 

diary; aero 
Joumalier, e. a. daily; diurnal^ 

Joumalier, sm. journeyman 

Journaliste, nalist 

Journ^e, sf. day; day's journey; 

day's work; a battle 
Journellement, ad. daily 
J ovite, sf. ju^t; tilt 
Joute de coqs, cock-fighting 
Jouter, va. to just; to * fight 
Jouteur, sm.justler; tilter 
Jouvenceau, a lad, stripling 
Jouvence, sf. youth (old) 
JouvencoUe, a lass 
Joyau, 9711. a jewel 
Joyeusement, ad.joyfutty 
Joyeuset6, sf. a joke, jest 
Joyeux, se. a. joyful, merry 
Jube, sm. a lobby 
Jubilation, sf. rejoicing 
JubiI6, sm. a jubilee 
Jubiicr, va. to grant an anymity 

to an old servant 
Jucher, vn. to roost 
Jucholr., sm.. a roost 
Judaiqae, 3. a. Jewish 
Judaiser, vn. tojudaize 
Judaisme, sm: .Tudaistn, 
Judicature, */. judicature; law 
Judiciaire, judgment 
Judiciaire, 2. a. judiciary; judi- 
Judiciairement, ad. —eially 
Judicieusement, —dously 
Judlcieiix, se: a. judicious; wise 
Juge, sm. a judge; umpire 
Jugcment, jud^unt; sentence 



Juger, va. to judge; try 
Jugulaire, S. a. jugular 
Juif, ve. a. s. Jewish, a Jem 
Juillet, sm. July 
Juin, June' 
Jujube; sf, jujube 
Jujubier, ^ni. jujuhe-tres 
Juiverie, sf. Jew's quarter; bro^ 

ker's street 
Julep, sm.julap; decoction 
Jules, Italian coin, sixpence 
Julienne, sf. Julian-flower 
Jumart, sm. a mule 
Jumeau, JumeUe, a. s. twms 
Jumeaux, sm. pi. Oemini 
Jumelles, sf. pi. cheeks, sido 

beams of a press, ^c. 
Jumeller, va. to strengthen with 

ehseks, beams, ^c. 
Juinent, sf. a mare; mould to 

make money 
Junte, junto, cable 
Jupe, a petticoat 
Jupe piqu^e, quilted petticoat 
Jupiter, sm. Jupiter {a planet) 
Jupon, under petticoat 
Jurande, sf. wardenship; tho 

Jurat, sm. aldermoTi, sheriff 
Juratoire, 2. a. to * be* sworn 
Jur6, e. a. sworn 
Jur6, sm, warden of a company; 

juryman; jury 
Jurement, an oath 
Jurer, v. to * swear 
Jureur, se. *. a swearer 
Juridiction, sf. jurisdiction 
Juridique, 2. a. juridical 
Juridiquement, ad. —dically^ 
Jurisconsulte, sm, a lawyer 
Jurisprudence, sf. —denem 
Jurlste, sm. civilian, juiwi 
Juron, affected kind of oath 
iu9, juice, gravy 
Jus de r^glissc, Spanish liquorice 
Jusant, rtflux, ebb 
Jusque, Jusques, pr. to ; as far 

as; until; tiU; even to 
Jusqu'a, JuaqcTaUr even, very 
Jusques a quandl hew long 
Jusques la, so far, hither 
Jusqu^ou ! how far 
Jusquiame, sf. hen-bane 
JusBion, command 
Justc-au-corps, sm, close ooai 



Jiurte, e. a. sm. juat; fit; tight 
Juate, ad. rif^hty ezactlg 
Jufltement, fiMtZy; exactly; right 
Justesse, af.justneaa 
Juatice, justice^ law; righteoua- 

Justiciable, 2. a. — eiable 
Justicier, va. to execute 
Justicier, am. a judge 
Justifiable, 2. a. —bU 
Justifiant, e. a.juatifying 
Justificateur, am, tor (a let- 
ter founder's instrument) 
Justification, af. —tion; defence 
Justifies va.juatify; prove 
Sc juBtiner, vr. to clear one' a aelf 
Jurer, v. to* awear;jar; claah 


KABAKySm. thenameofaome 
public kouaea in Ruaaia 
Kabin,auk6bin,8ec0nd marriage^ 

ox hired wives among the Turka 
Kali, aftt. kali (a sea weed) 
Kan, a commander among the 

Karab^, yellow amber 
Karmesse, af. annual fair in the 

Low Countriea 
Kazine, the Grand Signior*a 

Kermes, am^ kermea 
Kioeque, a-aort of parnUon in a 

KyrieUe, af a legend^ a long to- 

dioua story 
Kynbelle, the litany 
Kjrste, sm. a tununtr, aweUing 

* L 

La, pro. her, it 
La, sm. a note ofmuaie 
Ilk, ad. there, yonder, thither 
Ld, 1^, ao ao; eome come; aofUy 
L&-haut, above 
La-bas, below 

La-m^me, in that very place 
L&-de8su8, upon that, up there 
Li-dessous, ttiuter there^ under 


LMedans, within^ in that place 
Labarum, am. Conatantinal'a im- 
perial atandard 
Labeur, am. labour; work 
Labial, e. a. labial, verbal 
Labi6, e. a. labuUed 
Laboratoire, am, — tory 
Laborieusement, ad. hardly 
Laborieux, se. a. lahorioua 
Labour, am, tillage 
Labourable, 2. a. arable* 

Labourage, am. tillage 
Labourer, va. to till; * dig; toil 
— avec la charrue, to plough 
Laboureur, am. ploughman; til- 
Labyrinthe, — rinth; maze; in- 
Lac, a lake 

Lacer, v. to lace; to tag 
Laceration, */. —tion 
Lac^rer, va. to lacerate, * tear 
Laceron, am. sow-thistle 
Lacet, lace; anare; nooae 
LSLche, 2. a. looae; alack; faint; 

alothful; cowardly; baae 
Un l&che, am. a poltroon; a 

L&chement, ad. baady; alackly 
Itkchexyv. to looaen; * let go; 

fire; * go off 
Se l&cher, vr. to alaeken; to *fiy 

off, to unbend 
L&chet6, af. cowardice; sloth; 

Lacini6, e. a. lacinated 
Lacis, sm. netting 
Laconique, 2. a. —nic; concise 
liaconiquement, ad. —nically 
Laconisme, sm, — nism 
Lacrymal, e. a. —mal 
Lacrymatoire, am. laehrymary 
Lacs, Iaqs,«trtn^; nooae; apring; 

anare; gin; knot 
Lact^e, 2. a. IcMteal; milky 
Lacune, sf. a gap in a book; 

something * left out 
Ladre, 2. a. leprotu, stingy 
Ladre, esse. s. a leper, miser 
Ladrerie, sf. leprosy; lazaretto; 

aordid avarice 
Lagune, af. Venetian canal 
Lai, e. a, a. lay, layman 
Laid, e. a. ugly^ homely ! 

Lalderon, af. a homely puaa 
Laideur, ugliiuaa, deformity 
Laie, wild aoib ; lane through a 

Lainage, am. woollen gooda 
Laine, af. wool-fleece 
Lainerie, woollen trade 
Laineuz, se. a. woolly 
Lainier, e. a. a woolmonger 
La'ique, 2. a. a. lay, layman 
Laiase, lesse, sf. a leash; a hat- 

Laisser, va.lo *-Uave; to* let m^ . 
Lait, am. muk 
Lait de chaux, whiting, aize 
Laitage, milk food 
Laitance, laite, af. mUt; white 

Lait6, e. a. aoft roed 
Laiterie, af. a dairy 
Laitcron, am. aow-thiatle 
Laiteux, se. a. milky 
Laitier, am. acummy matter of 

melted iron 
Laitiere, sf. a milkwoman 
Laiton, sm. latten; brass 
Laitue, af. lettuce 
Laize, breadth of cloth, or atuff 
Laina, am. a prieat among tha 

Lamaneur, coaatpilot 
Lambeau, a rag, a ahred 
Lambel, a label 
Lambin, e. a. humdrum 
Lambiner, va, to * dream, to*b§ 

a lounger 
Lambourde, */. ajoiat 
Lainbris, am. ceiling, wainacot; 

Lambrissage, ceiling; wainacot- 

Lambrisser, va. to ceil; looc'it- 

Lame, af. a plate of metal; a 

blade; wave; flake; reed 
Lain6,e. a. plated 
Lamentable, a. — table 
Lamentablement, ad. moanfullf 
Lamentation, */. —tion 
Lamenter, va. to lament ;%be- 

Lamie, af. lamia (a kind of 

Laminage, am, the flattening of 



Laminer, va. tojlatten metals 
Laminoir, sm. afiattener^ 
Lampas, «m. tumour 
Lampass^, e. a. langtiid 
Lampe, sf. lamp 
Lamp6e, bumper^ brimmer 
Lamper, vn. to toss off brimmers 
Lamperon, am. pipe of a lamp 
Lampion) a smtUl lamp for illu- 
LamiHillon, smaU lamprey 
Lamproie, af. a lamprey 
Lance, a lanee^ spear 
Lance a feu, a squib 
Lancer, va. to dart; * sting; 

launch; rouse; * cast 
Se lancer, vr. to rusk; * shoot 
Lancettc, sf. a lancet 
Lancier, sm. a case for chirurgir 

eal instruments 
Lanciero, sf. a mOTs sluies 
Lancoir, sm. a mtU-dam 
Lande, sf. heath 
Landi,9m. afairnear St.Dewnis, 

and remarkable holidays for 

the colleges of Paris 
Landgrave, sm. —grave; Oer- 

man count 
Landgraviat, —graoiate [ess 
Landgravine, sfOerman eount- 
Landier, sm. a kitchen handiron 
Lanneret, lanner (hawk) 
Langage, language^ tongue 
Langes, pi. swaddling -clothes 
Lange, sm. a printer's blanket 
Langoureiuement, ad. lenguish- 

ingly . [ptnti 

Langoureux, se. a. lang 
Langouste, sf. large lobster 
Langousttn, sm. a praum 
Langue, sf. tongue^ language. — 

Coup de langue, slander 
Langnette, tongue of seosral 

haagnewrtlangttor; pining away 
Langu6yer, va* to examine a 

hog's tongue 
Langu^yeur, sm. searcher of 

hogs' tongues 
Lanpder, dried hog's tongue 
Laoguir, vn. to languish; pine 

away; linger [i^V 

Languuaamment, ad. languishr 
LanguiaBaat, e. a. languishing; 
hang; weak; faint 


Lanier, sm. a lanner 
Lanidre, sf. strap^ lasht lures 
Lanifere, 3. a. lanigerous 
Lansquenet, sm. — «e<, Oerman 
foot soldier; a game at cards 
Lanteme, sf. lantern^ cupola 
Lanteme sourde, dark lantern 
Lanteme de moulin, trundle^ 

head of a mill 
Lanteme magiquc, mAgie lan- 
Lanteraes, pi. fooleries 
Lantemcr, vn. to trifie^ bantboo- 

Lanternerie, sf. silly stuff 
Lantern!^, e. s. lantern-maker; 

tedious talker 
Lantiponnage, sm. nonsense 
Lantiponner, va. to talk non- 
sense; to tease 
Lanugineux, se. a. hairy; woolly 
Laper,* lap^ * lick up 
Lapereau, sm. young rabbit 
Lapidaire, lapidary, jeweUcr 
Lapldation, sf. stoning 
Lapider, va. to stont to ^taith 
Lapidification, sf. —tion 
Lapidifier, vn. to lapidify; to 

turn into stone 
Lapidifique, 2. a. —fical 
Lapin,«m, a rabbit.— Bmvecom- 

me un lapin, a coward 
Lapine, sf. a doe rc^bit 
Lapis, sm. lapis lazuli 
Laps, e. a. lapsed^ fallen 
Laps de terms, sm. length of time 
Laps 6c relaps, a renegade 
Laquais, sm. a lackey^ footman 
Laque, sf gum lac; lacker 
Laque, sm. China varnish 
Laquelle, pre. f. thai^ whiehy 

Larcin, sm. theff, robbery 
Lard, bacon^ lanl 
Larder, va. to lard; * run 

Lardoire, sf. a. larding-vin 
Lardon, sm. thin sliu of baeon 
Lardon, «n«er, sarcasm 
Large, 3. a. large; wide; broad; 

Large, sm. breadth 
Largement, ad. —gely, futty 
Largesse, sf. largeness; gift 
I^aigeur, hrrgen^s^ breadth 



Largo, ad. slew (m musie) 
Largue, sm. offing 
Larguer, va. to * let go 
Larigot, sm. jlute^ or pipe 
Larix, the larch-tree 
Larme, sf. a tear; a drop 
Larmette, a small tear 
Larmoyant, e. a. weeing, ii^ 

Larmoyer, on. to * weep 
Larmoyeur, se. s. weeper 
Larron, nesse. s. thief; ths pith 

of a guill 
Larronneau, sm. a young thief; 

Larves, sm. pi. hobgoblins 
Larynx, sm. larynx 
Las, int. alas I 
Las, laBse, a. wearied^ tired 
Lascif, ve. lascivious, lewd 
Lascivement, ad. —vtously 
Lascivet^, sf. laseiviousjuss 
Lassant, e. a. tiresome^ tedious 
Lasser, va. to tire; fatigue 
Se — , vr. to * growj or * be 

Lassitude, sf — d«, weariness 
Laste, em. a last; two tons 
Latanier, .American palm-tree 
Latent, e. a. latent; hid; hidden 
Lateral, e. a. —ral 
Lat^ralement, ad. —rally; side* 

Latin, e. a. Latin 
Latin, sm. the Latin tongue 
Latineur, a pedantic Latinist 
Latiniser, v. to Latinise 
LaUnisme, sm. Latinism 
Latiniste, LaUnist 
Latinit^, sf. latinity 
Latitude, latitude 
Latitudiuaire, a. s. — narifn 
Latomies, sf. pi. auarries 
Latrie, culte de latrie, worship 

of God. 
Latrines, sf. pi. house of office; 

Latte, ^. a lath 
Latter, va. to la^ 
Lattis, sm. lathing 
Lavage, washing; puddie 
Lavande, sf. lavender 
Lavandidre, a laundress 
Lavange, fuU of snow from tkM 




Jjkvaaae^ violetU rain 
• LRudanum, sm. laudanum 
Laudes, af. pi. prayers 
Lave^ af. lava 

Lavement, am. glister; viaalung 
Layer, va. to * wash; clean 
&e laver, vr. to * vashj or clean 

Laveton, sm. short wool 
Lavette, sf. a dishclout 
Lavear, se. a washer 
Laveuse d^^cuelles, sf. pewter 

Lavjgnon, sm. sort of cockle 
Lavis, a wash {in drawing) 
Lavoir, a waakhouse; a stuk 
Laar6at (poete) poet laureat 
Laurie, sf. crown of laurel 
Laur^ole, sf. spurg»4aurel, 

wreath of laurel; bay 
Laurier, sm. laurel; btUf 
— d'Am^rique, ou d'lnde, Jnr 

dian laurel 

— cerise^ cherryhay 

— ch6ne, kind of cork-tree 

— rose, rose-laurel; rose-bay 
— thym, wild laurel 
tA\ diah- water, hog-waah 
Lazatif, ye. «. —tive; opening; 

Layer, va. to* cut a lane 
Layette, sf. a drawer; box; 

shelf; chiUhed linen 
Lazaret, sm. a pest-house 
Lazzi, dumb show; trick 
Le, orL m. the 
Jje, pro. him; it; so 
L6, sm. breadth of Unm 
XiMhe, sf. a thin slice 
L^che-frite, a drippingpan 
Lecher, va. to * lick 
Lef^Mf* lecture; leaaon 
Lectesr^ sm. a reader; lecture; 

Lectrice, sf. a female reader in 

L^gat, sm. a "Pop^s legaU 
L^gataire, s. a legatee; legacy 
Legation, sf. legatesh^ 
L6ge, 2. a. empty (sea tenn) 
L^gendaire, sm. u writer efle- 

Lecture, reading; lectureship; 

L^gal, e. a. legal; lawful 
Ligalement, ad. honestly 
L6galiMtlon, sf. the making a 

L^^aUier,* wiake authsn- 

L^foUt*, »f. honesty; safety 

Legends, «/. legend; inseriptisn; 

tedious narrative 
L6ger, e. a. tight; nimble ; fickle; 

L^geremcnt, lightlT^nimbly 
Ldgeretd, sf. lightness; agUtty; 
nimbUneas; levity 

d' esprit, levity of mind 

L6glon, Icf^on, vast number 
Legionnaire, am. legionary 
Ldgislatear, legialator, lawgiver 
Ldgislatif, ve. a. —tive 
Legislation, sf. legislature 
Legislatrice, a she lawgiver 
L^giste, sm. civilian, lawyer 
Legitimation, ^f. —tion 
Legitime, 2. a. legitimaU; just; 
lau^ul [mony 

Legitime, */. portion; patri- 
Legitimement, ad.jusUy 
Legltimer, va. to legitimate 
Legitimite, sf. legitimaqf 
Legs, sm. legacy 
Leguer, va. to bequeath 
Legume, sm. legume, pulse 
Legumes, pU greens, roots 
Legumineux, eiue. a. —ous 
Lendemain, sm. the next day 
Lendwe, m. ^f. a humdrum 
Lenlfier, va. to Unify, soften 
Lenitif, sm. lenitive; allay 
Lent, G. a. slow; dull; dilatory 
Lente, */. nit 

Lentement, ad. slowhi; heavily 
Lenteur, sf. slownesT, dulness 
Lemiculaire, a. m. —cular 
LentiUe, sf. a. Until; freeUe; 

Lentilleuz, se. a.freckUd 
Lentlsque, sm. mastick-tree 
Leonin, e. a. leonine, unequal 
Leopard, sm. a ledpard 
Leoparde, a. passant, guardant 
Lepre, sf. leprosy 
Lepreux, se. a. s. leprous; a leper 
Ijeproserie, sf. a lazaretto 
Lequel, pro. m. which, who, that 
Les, art, pi. and pro. the, them 
lAao-maSealb, sf. kigh-treasen 


Utet, wrong 
Lesine, sf. niggardliness 
Lesiner,* be sordidly par 

Lesion, sf. wrong 
Le8quels,|»ro. which; who 
LesqueUes, /. that, which, who 
Lease, sf. hat-band 
Lessive, lye to wash with 
Lessiver, va. to * wash t» lye 
Lest, sm. ballast, laat 
Lestage, laatage 
Leste, 2. a. apruce; neat; clever 
Lestement, ad. aprucely, cleverly 
Lester, va. to btdlaat 
Lesteur, am. a lighter 
Lethargie, af. lethargy 
Lettiargique,2. a. a. lethargic 
Lettre, */. letter, episUe 
— de change, bill of exchange 
Lettres, pi. literature [credit 
Lottres de creance, letters of 
Lettres de recision, A writ to 

annul a contract 
Lettree, a. lettered, literate 
Lettrine, sf. very small Utter or 

type {in printing) 
Lettrise, e. a. (in poetry) that 

begins with the same Utter 
Levain, sm. leaven; yeat; relicsi 
old grudge 

Levant, theeaat, the Levant 

Levantin, a. am. Levantine 

Leve, af. hoUow maUet 

Levee) bank; levy; riaing; rais- 
ing; recess; harvest; trick at 
cards; riding 

Lever, v. to lift up; Uvy; re- 
move; collect; * shoot; * take 
up or off; * rise; ferment 

Se lever, vr. to riae; * break upt 
* ariae 

Lever, sm. levee 

du soleil, sun-rising 

Leveur, tax-gatherer 

Levier, a lever 

Levigation, sf. levijfation 

Leviger, va. to Uvxgate 

Levite, «in. a Levite 

Levitique, Leviticus 

Levis, pont-levis, draw-bridgf 

Lear, pro. their, them 

Le leur, les leura, their 

Levraut, sm. a leveret 

Levre, ^f. the lip 




erieure, t^per lip 
bure, uwur lip 
TjevretB^grreyhound bitch 
Levretter, vn. to hunt katw 
lAvxiety sm. a greyhound 
Levxon, little greyhound 
Letirre, a lure; decoy 
Leurrer, va. to lure; decoy; to 

* teach vit 
Levure, sf. yest 
Lesicograpbef sm. —pher^ a vri- 

ter of tUctionaries 
Lexicon, lezique, a Chreek dic- 
Lizard, a lizard 
L6zarde. sf. a chink or crevice m 

Liais, sm. very hard free-stone 
Liaison, sf. binding; connexion; 

stroke of a pen; tie ' 
Liaisonner, va. to '" bind stones 
Liant, e. a. affable; mild 
Liard, sm. a farthing 
Liarder, vn. to club small sums; 

to join 
Liasse, sf. bundle of papers; 

Libation, — tion, offering 
Libel le, sm. a libel; a bill 
LibeUer, va. to declare vpon an 

action of trespass 
Liberal, e. a. liberal., free.— Arts 

Ub6rauz, sciences 
Lib^ralement, ad. —rally^ freely 
Lib6raiit6, sf —lity; generosity 
Llberateur, rice. s. daiverer 
Liberation, sf. discharge 
Lib6rer, va. tofree^ clear 
Se lib^rer, to dear one^s debts ; 

get * from 
Libert^, sf. liberty; facility; 

Libertin, e. a. licentiotu; lewd 
Libertin, e, s. a lewd person 
Libertinage, «m. lewdness 
Libertiner, vn. to * be Ittertine 
Se libitiner, vr. to * grov lewd 
Libidineux, se. a. lewd 
Libitinaires, sm. pi. libiUnarii^ 

undertakers of funerals among 

the Romans 
Libraire, sm. bookseller; stationr 

Libralrie, sf. book trade 
Librodon, —^tion; poising 


Libre, 3. a. free; easy; open 

bold; loose 
Librement, ad. freely; easily 
Lice, sf. list for combats; hound- 
Licence, license; licentiousness 
Liq$^ci6, sm. licentiaU 
Liconciemenl, disbanding of 

Licencier, va. to disband 
Se licencier,* grow licen- 

Licencieusement, ad. lewdly 
Licencieux,se. a. licentious^ lewd 
Licitation, sf. auction 
Licite, 2. a. lawful 
Licitement, ad. lawfvUy 
Liciter, va. to * sell by oMction 
Licome, sf. a unicorn 
Licou, sm, a halter 
Licteur, lictor 

Lie, sf. lees, dregs, grounds 
Liege, sm. cork 
Linger un filet, to put eerks along 

a net 
Lien, sm. string; tie; band 
Liens, bonds, chains; irons 
Lienterie, sf. lientery 
Uetjva. to * bind; tie; knit; 

jotn; unite; thicken 
Se lier, vr. to * bind one's sdlf; 

to league; thicken 
Lierre, sm. ivy 
Lierre, e. a.*with ivy leaves 
Liesse, (old) 
Lien, 0m. place; room; cause; 

Lieux, pi. privy 
Lieux-commans, m. pL eonmen- 

plaee book • 
Lieu de plirieance, a fine seat 
Lleue, sf. a league, 3 mUea 
Lieur, sm. tier of sheaves 
Li^vre, a hare 

LiSvrsteau, sucking young hare 
Lieiitenanoe, sf. lieutenancy 
Lieutenant, sm. — tenant 
— de roi, lord lieutenant 
Ligament, a ligament 
Ligamenteux, ae. a. stringy ' 
Ligance, sf. a ligature; bamd 
Lige, 2. luge, vassal 
Lige, sm. tulegianee 
Ligenoe, sf aUegianee 
Ligement, ad. by ailegianta 



Lignage, sm. lineage; offspring 

Lignager, one of the samefamly 

Ligne, sf. line; race 

Lign^e, lineage; issue; race 

Ligneui, sm, shoemaker's tkread 

Ligneux, se. a. woody 

Ligue, sf. league; faction; con- 

Liguer, va, to league 

Ligueur, se. «. a leaguer 

Lilas, sm. lUac, pipe-tree 

Limace, sf. limas, sm. a slug 

Lima^on, sm. a snail 

Lima9on de mer, periwinkle 

Limanie, sf. file-dust 

Limande, burt or bretfish 

Limbe, sm. Umb, border 

Limbes, pi. limbo 

Lime, sf. file, lime, sea-froth 

Limer, va. to file: polish, 

Limeur, sm. a filer 

Limier, a bloodhound 

Liminaire, 2. a. dedicatory; pr&' 

Limitatif, ve. a. restrictive 

Limitation, */. —tion 

Limiter, va. to limit, confine 

Llmites, sf. pi. limits, bounds 

Limitrophe, 2. a. bordering close 
on, close to 

Limon, sm. mud, slime; lemon; 

Limonade, sf. lemonade 

Limonadier, c. s. a seller of le- 

Limoneux, se. «. muddy; sUmy; 

Llmonier, sm. a thiU hotse; a 

Limpide, 2. a. limpid, clear 

Limpidite, sf. clearness 

Umnre, filing 

Lin, sm. fiax; linseed 

Lbiceul, a sheet, linen 

Lintiaire, 2. a. Unear » 

Lineal, e. a. lineal 

Lineament, sm. Uneament; fea- 

Linge, linen doth 

Linger, e. s. one who makes, or 
sells linen; a linen-draper; a 
seamster, seamstress 

Lingerie, sf. linen trade; the 
place of a nunnery where the 
linen ie kept 



LlBgRtte, sort of fiannel and 
Lfflgot, 8m. ingot ^ wedge [serge 
Lingoti^re, «/. ingot mould 
Lingual, le. a. linguadental 
LiuguCf sf. sort of cod-fish 
Linier, sm.fiax- seller 
Liniere, 8f.ftax-plot;Jlax-woman 
Liniment, sm. a liniment 
Linon, lavm 
Linotte, sf. linnet 
Linteau, sm. lintel 
Lion, a Uon^ Leo 
I^ionceau, a young lion 
Ijionne, sf. a lumess 
Lippe, blubber-lip 
Lipp^e, a mouthful 
— , tranche lipp^e, free scot 
Lippitude, sf. — tfe, blearedness 
Lippu, e.'a. blubber-lipped 
Liqu^&ction, sf. —tion 
Liqu^fier, v. to liquify; to melt 
Liqueur, sf. liquor 
liiqueurs, pi. drams; cordials 
lAqmda.tinn,8f. settling,clearing 
Liquidc, 2. a. liquid^ clear 
Liquidemcnt, ad. clear 
Liquider ses dettes, to clear one's 

Liquidity, sf. liquidity 
Liquorcux, se. a. luscious 
Lire, va. to ready study 
Li8, sm. a lily 
Lis^rage, embroidering 
Ijis^rer, va. to embroider 
Liseur, as. s. a reader 
Liflible, 3. a. legible 
Lifliblement, aa. legibly 
Ltei^*"., sf list; leading strings; 

hktrt of a place; ridge; selvage 
Lisse, 2. a. sleek; %piooth 
Liaeer, va to sleeky smooth 
Liasoire, sf. a sleeking-tool 
Liesure, sleeking 
Liste, a list; a roll, catalogue 
Lit, sm. a bed; channel of a river 
Lit de plume, feathevbed 

— de duvet, dovm-bed 

— de houne,fioek-bed 

— de paille, strato-bed 

— de parade, bed of state 

— de repoB, a coueh 

— nuptial, wedding-bed 

— de Justice, iud^nent-seat 

— d^ange, bed wider a canopy 
" de campi^M-^Mi 


Lit a la ducbesse, reised tester- 

— a roulettes, truckle-bed [bed 

— en forme de garde-rol)e, a 

— en liousse, angel-bed 

— de aangles, horse-bed 

— de veilie, bed for a nurse 
Litanies, sf. pi. litany [sUiry 
Longue iitanie, long-toinded 
Liteau, sm. a wolfs haunt 
Liteaux, sm. pi. blue streaks tn 

Litharge, sf litharge 
Lithologie, —logy 
Litiere, litter; sedan 
Litigant, e. a. s. litigant, suitor 
Litige, sm. a suit at law 
Litigieux, fle. litirious 
Litispcndance, sf. the duration of 

a lato-suit 
Litron, sm. a wooden measure 
Lit^raire, 2. a. literary 
Littoral, e. a. literal 
Litt^ralement, ad. literaUy 
Litterateur, sm. a great scholar 
Litt6rature, sf. literature 
Llturgie, liturgy 
Livide, 3. a. livid^ black and blue 
Lividit6, sf. —dity 
Livraison, delivery of goods 
Li&reis, /. pi. binding ropes 
Livre, sm. a book 
Livre, sf pound livre (coin) 
liivrie, livery , servants; board 

wages [vom 

Livree de la noce, wedding fa 
Livrer, va. to deliver up 
Se livrer, vr. tv eoi^fide in 
Livret, sm. a little book 
Local, e. a. local, of a place 
Locataire, s. lodger, tenant 
Locatif, ve. 0/, or belonging to a 

Location, sf. a letting out 
Locb, «ni. logi way of a ship 
Locher,* be loose 
Locution, sf. —tion, phrase 
Lodier, sm. quH^ eounterpane 
Loda & venles, sm. pi. fates of 

Lof, sm. loof of a sh^ 
Lo^rithme, logarithm [tie 

Logaritluuique, S. a. logariihme- 
Loge, sf. hut; eM; box; lodge; 


Logeab^e, 2. a. tenantaUe 

Logement}«m. ledgmJmt apart- 

Logette, ef. a smaU cottage; a 
litOe box 

Loger, v. to lodge^ harbour; to 

Se loger, vr. to * take a lodging 

Logicien, sm. logician 

Logique, af. logic 

Logis, sm. dwdUngy home; lodg^ 
ing; inn 

Logiste, a Ugist^ magistrate oj 

Logistique, sf. logistic, algebra 

Logogri[^e, sm. rebtis, riddle^ 

LiO|;omachie,«/. dispute on word. 

Loi, law; decree; dominion 

Loin, ad. far, far off 

Loin de, loin que, far from 

Loin h. loin, at a great distance 

Loin d'icl, away, be gone 

Lointain, e. a. remote, far 

Loir, sm. a dormouse 

Loisible, 2. a. lawful 

Loisir, sm. leisure; time 

Lok, cherishing draught, electw 

LombalrCi 2. a. hvnbary 
Lombard, sm. a pawnbroker 
Lombes, sm. pi. the loins 
Long, longue, a. long; great 
Long, sm. length, long, along 
Long-jolni6, e. a. long jointed 
Longanimity, sf. forbearance 

nge, loin; strap 

>nger, va. to * go by the side of 

a place 


de longue main, lon^ ago 
tngitude, sf. longitude 
Longitudinal, e. a. ~nai 

Long-tema, ad. a long while 
Longnement, a long while; a 

long time 
Longuet, te. a. pretty long 
Longueur, sf. length, slowmss 
Loquacity, sf. excessive toiifccK 

tiveness; loquacity 
Loque, a rag, tatter 
Loquet, sm. a latch 
Loqueteau, liule latch 
Loqueteux, se. a. ragged 
Loquette, ef- little bit 
Loigner. va. to leer, to ogU 
Loigcme, sf. egHng 


Loignette, a spying-gUte* 
Loign^r, 86. 8. an ogler 
Loiiot, am, loriot (a Bird) 
Lore de, ad. at.the time of 
Lorsque, c. when 
Losange, sf. a lozenge 
Lot, 810.. lot; portion; prize 
Loterie, sf. a lottery 
Lotion, lotion; medicinal wash 
Lotir, vn» to divide into lute 
Lotissage, em. distribution 
JjoUaaement, distribution 
Lotisseur, distribiUor 
Lotte, sf. eel-pout 
Loaable, d. a. laudable; eom- 

LouabiemenV ac2. laudably 
Louage, sm, hire; rent 
Louange, sf. praise 
Louanger, va. to trumpet; cry up 
Louangeur, sm. panegyrist; flat- 
Loucbe, 2. a. squint-eyed, ambi- 
Loucher, vn. to squint 
Louer, vh. to hire, * let; praise 
Loueur, ae. s. one who lets out; 

a flatterer 
IlOuie^ sm. Lewis 
Louis d'or, a Uniis d'or 
Loup, wolf, ulcer, black mask 
Loup-garou, unsociable man 
Loup-marin, base (sea fish) 
Loup oerrier, a lynx 
Loupe, sf a wen, a knob of a tree, 

round magnifying glass 
Lound, e, a. heavy; dull; hard 
Lourdeau,de. awkward per- 
Lourdement, ad. awkwardly; 

Lourderie, sf. a gross faiuit; a 

blunder \ 

Lourdcur, heaviness, dul«(ss 
Loorer, va. to join, unite \ 
Loutre, snu an otter \ 

Loave, sf. a she-wolf; slit^s of 

LoaTeteau,«/.w0//'« eub; wedges 

of iron 
Louvetcr, vn. to whelp 
Loaveterie, sf wolf -hunting 
Loavetier ,M».Ck« master of wolf- 

Louviere, sf the haunt of a wolf 


Loovoyer, va. to tack about 
Louvre, *OT. palace in Paris; 

any magnificent house * 
Loyal, e. a. loyal; just; market- 
Loyalemcnt, ad. loyally 
Loyaul6, */. loyalty, fidelity 
Loyer, sm. rent; salary; reward 
Lubie, sf. crotchet, whim 
Lubricity, lubricity, lechery 
Lubrifier, va, to Ivbricate 
Lubrique, 2. a. lecherous 
Lubriquement, ad. wantonly 
Lucaroe, sf dormer-window 
Lucide, 2. a. lucid, bright 
Lucifer, sm. Lucifer 
Lucratif, ve. a. lucrative 
Lucre, sm. lucre, gain 
Luette, »f. uvula, palate 
Luetle abattue, palate down 
Lueur, a glimmer, faint light 
Lugubre,l2. a. doleful, sad 
Lugubrement, ad. dolefully 
Lui, pr. him, her, to him, to her 
Lui-meme, himself 
Luire, vn. to glitter, * shine 
Luisant, sm. the gloss of a stuff 
Ver luisant, glow-worm 
Luiaante, sf. a shining star 
Lumiere, light, Umeh-hole 
Lumignon, sm. snuff of a can- 
Luminalre, luminary, light 
Lumineux, ae. a, luminous 
Lunaire, 2. a. lunar, lunary 
Lunairc, sf. lunary, moonwort 
Lunaison, lunation 
Lunatique, U. a. s. lunatic 
Lundi, sm. Monday 
Lune, sf the moon, silver 
Lunette d^approche, perspective- 
glass, telescope 
Lunette & facettes, a muUiply- 

Lunette poiy^dre, magnifying- 

Lunette, merry-thought 
Lunettes, pi. spectacles 
Lunettier, sm. spectacle-maker 
Lupercalee, sf. pi. —eaUa 
Lupin, Ml. lupine 
Luatral, e. a. every fifth year 
Lustration, sf. —tion 
Lustre, sm, lustre; gloss; scones; 
lustrum^ i. e. five years 

MAC 121 

Lufltrer, va. to give a gloss 
Lustreur,'-9«. a calender 
Lustrine, sf. glostry silk stuff 
Lut, sm. lute, or chemisVs clay 
Lut ou Luth, a lute 
Lutation, sf. —tion 
Luter, va. to lute, or cover with 

Lutii6e, a. like a lute 
Luih^ranisme, sm. —nism 
Lutta^rien, ne. s. Lutheran 
Luthier, sm. a lute-maker 
Lutin, sm. a hobgoblin; a ehUd 

full of tricks and noise 
Lutiner, va, to plague; to * maks 

a great noise 
LutiiB, sm. a reading-desk 
Lutte, sf. wrestling, etruggle 
Luttcr, Oft. to wrestle, struggle 
Lutteur, sm. a wrestler 
Luxation, sf. disjointing 
Luxe, sm. luxury 
Luxer, va. to * put out of joint 
Se luxer, va. to luxatCt or * be 

out of joint 
Luxure, sf. lust 
Luxuriance, —ce, exuberance 
Luxurieux, se. a. lascivious; li- 
Luzerne, sf. lueem; Spanish tre- 
foil [foil 
LuzemiSre, afield sown with ire- 
Lyc^e, sm. lyeeum 
Lymphatique, 2. a. —tic 
Lympbe, sf. lymph 
Lynx, sm. lynx 
Lyre, sf. a lyre, or harp 
Lyrique, 2. a. lyrie^ lyrical 


MA, pro. f. my, mine 
Macaron, sm. macareoH 
Macaroni, macaroni 
Macaronique, 2. a. — route 
Maceration, sf. —tion, mortifica- 
Mac^rer, va. to mortify, * steep 
Mftche, sf. corn-salad 
M&cliefer, sm. dross of iron 
Dents nidcheliSres, grinder 
Machemoure, sf biscuit dust 
M&cher, va. to chew; to daw it e(ff 
Mftclieor, s. great eater 



Machiav^tismc, rat. dupUeity^ 

spirit of despotism • 
Machiav^liste, sm. a crafty man, 

a favourer of tyranny 
Machinal, e. a. mechanical 
Machinateur, sm. a plotter; con- 
Machiaatioh, »f. contrivance; 

plot; device 
Machine, machine; engine; sly 

Machiner, va. to devise; machi- 
nate; hatch 
Machiniste, sm. a machinist 
M&choire, sf. the jaw; chops 
M^choimer, vn. to mutter; * eat 

Machurer, va. to daub 
M&cis, sm. mace 
M&cle, sf. water-chesnut 
Ma^on, sm. a mason^ bricklayer 
Ma^onnage, masonry 
Ma9onner, va. to * build; wall 
up a door; to * do in a bung- 
ling manner 
Ma^onnerie, sf. musonry^ brick- 
Macque, tool to * break hemp 
Macquer, va. to * break hemp 
Macreuse, sf. sea-duck 
Maculature, a macle^ a waste 

sheet of printed pa^er 
Macule, a spot., a stain 
Macaler, va. to spotj to stain 
Madame, sf. my lady^ ladyship, 

jmadam, mistress 
Mademoiselle, madam, miss 
Madr6, e. a. speckled, sly 
Madrepore, sm. sort of sea-petri- 
fied plant 
Madrier, a thick plank 
Madrigal, madrigal 
Madrigalet, little madrigal 
Madrure, sf. speckle, spot; vein 
Maffle, e. a. club-cheeked 
Magasin, sm. magazine; eoeich- 

basket; warehouse 
Magasinage, hire of a warehouse 
Magasiiier, va. to fill a warehouse 
Magasinier, sm. warehouse-keep- 
er, or clerk 
Mage, « wise man among the 

Ifagiof eii| a sereenr^ eonjwrer 


Magicienne,«/.a witch; sorceress 
Magie, magic, black art 
Magique, 3. a. magic, conjuring 
Magiame, sm. magism 
Magister, country schoolmaster; 

Magist^re, magistery ; grand 

mastership of an order 
Magistral, e. a. imperious 
Magistralement, ad. imperiously 
Magistrate sm. a magistrate 
Magistrature, «/. magistracy 
Magnanime, 2. a. magnanimous 
Magnanimement, ad. magnani- 
mously ' 
Magnanimity, sf. — mity; great- 
ness of mind 
Magne, Maghese, a^ Magn^sie, 

magnesia, mineral stone 
Magn^tique, a. magneUe 
Magn^tiser, va. to agitate the 

spirits and fancy 
Magn^tiame, sm, — et«in 

Magnifier, va. to magnify 
Magnifique, 2. a. magnifieeia 
Magnifiquement, ad. nobly 
Magot, sm. baboon; .ugly. fellow; 

hoard; grotesque china 
Mahqpi^tan, ne. a. s. — tan 
Mahom^tisme, sm. —tism 
Mai, Jlfoy, May^pole 
Majesty, sf. majesty 
Majeslueuaement, ad, nobly 
Majestueux, ae. a. majestic 
Majeur, e. a. of age, senior 
Majeure, sf. mitjor of a syllogism 
Maigre, 2. a. lean; tAm; slight- 
Maigre, sm. the lean 
Maigrelet, te. a. leanish 
Maigrement, ad. poorly 
Maigret, te, a. lean; thin 
Maigreur, sf. leanness; lean 
Maigrir, vn. to * grow lean 
Mail, sm. mallet, a mall 
Maiile, sf. mesh, stiuh, web in the 

eye; mail; haw 
Malileau, sm. sort of mallet 
Mailler, v. to * make the meshes 
of a net; to arm with a eoat of 
mail; * grow speckled; bud 
Maillet, sm^ mallet 
MaUiier, ehainrmaker [let 

Mailloclie, sf. small w9oien wtal- 


MaiUon, sm. sort of smad ring 
Maillot, swaddling clothes 
Main^ sf. hand; trick at cards; 

tassel in a coach; pale; quire 
Main chaude, hot cockles 
Main lev^e, replevy 
Main morte, mortmain 
Main d'oeuvre, workmawhip 
Main-pote, a lame harui 
En un toumemain, in a trice 
Maint, e. a. many 
Maint homme, many a man 
Maintefois, ad. oftentimes 
Malntenant, ad. now 
Maintenir, v. to ikaintain 
Se — , vr. to * keep up 
Maintenu, e. a. maintained 
Maintenue, sf. a possession adr 

judged upon a full trial 
I^aintien, sm.mamtainance; do- 

Major, a major 
Ma^rdome, majordomo 
Majority, sf. majority qfage 
Maire, sm. a mayor 
Mairie, sf. mayoralty 
Mais, sm. Indian or Turkey com 
Mais, e. but 

Maiflon, sf house, home, family 
Maison du roi, king's household 
Maison de ville, town-housct 


— seigneuriale, mansion-hous 

— religieuse, convent, monastery 

— de correction, bridewell 

— de aergent, spunging-house 

— de plaisance, country-house 

— ruftique, a farm 
Maisonn^e, sf. the whole family ^ 

MaiA>nnette, a small house 
Maltre, sm. a master, owner 

— garcon, head joumeymam 

— d'hdtel, steward 

— d*6cole, schoolmaster 

— & danser, dancing-master 

— k chanter, music-master 
tetit maiire, a fop 
Maitre ftipon, arrant knave 

— homme, a clever man 

— clerc, head clerk 

— aliboron, a busy body 

— autef, hi^ altar 
Maitreaae, sf mistress^ eweeb- 


Maltrcooo femme, a notable v>o- 
— pl6ce, chief ^riee [man, 

JMaitrise, frtedom of a company 
Maltriaer, t>a. to domineer; sub* 

Majuscule, of. capital Utter 
Mai, am. evil, ill, ache, disease; 

harm; sore; hurt; sickness; 

— d*enfant, labour 

— de mer, sea-sicknesa 

— d'aventure, mischance; tohit- 

— de dents, tooth-ach 

— de tfete, head-och 

— de gor^e, sm. sore throat 

— d*ycux, sore eyes 

— contagleux, the plague 

— e^duCff idling sickness 
Mai, ad. badly, ill, not veil 
Malade, 2. a. s. eick; ill; patient 
Maladie, sf sickness; disease; 

Maladif, tc. a. sieklg 
Maladrerie, «/. lazaretto 
Mal-adresse, unskilfvlness 
Mal-adroit, e. a. unhandy 
Hal-adroit, 6' s. awkward peAon 
Maladroitement, ad. awkwardly 
Malaise, sf. trouble; staU of 

Malaise, e. a. dijjieult, uneasy 

under misfortunes 
MalaiB^ment, ad. withmuch ado 
Mai k propoB, unseasonably 

— aventure, sf. mischance 

— avis^, e. a. imprudent 

— bliti, e. ill-shaped; indisposed 

— content, e. a. dissatisfied 
M&Ie, sm. male, cock, he 
M&le, 2. a. male; manly; vigor- 

Mi^Mte, 8. a bad person 
Malediction, */. aeurse 
Matefice, sm. sorcery, witeheraft 
Mal^ficid, e.a. sickly; fascinated 
Mal^fique, 2. a. malignant 
Malencontre, sf. mischief 
Malencontreuseroent, ad. wfor-, 

Malcncontreux, se. a. unlucky 
Mal-en-point, ad. at an ill pass 
Mal-entendu, sm. amistake 
Malepeste, int. udsbuddikins 
Mal4cre, sm. uneasiness 
H€iibvdkd,2, mahvolent 


Mal'fidie, vn. to * do ill 
Mql-faisant, e. a. mischievous, 

Mal-fait, e. a. ill ma^e, or done; 

Malfaiteur, sm. malefactor 
Malfamd, e. a. defamed 
Malgraciousemont, ad. ruddy 
Malgracicux, se. a. clownish; 

awkward; ungented 
Malgrd, pr. in epite of, notwith- 
standing [bred 
Mai-habile, S. a. unskilful: ill- 
Mal-liabilit6, sf want of parts, 

incapacity; ill-breeding 
Malbeur, sm. misfortune, ill 
Malheur, ad. wo to [luck 

Malheur^ux, se. a. unhappy; 

unliuky; pitiful 
Malbeuieux, sm. an unfortunate 




alheureusement, ad. unhappi- 
Malbonn^te, 2. a. indecent; 

rude; dishonest 
Malhonn6tement, ad. diahomst- 

ly; rudely 
Malbonndtetd, */. rudeness; dis- 
Malice, malice, roguish trick 
Malicieusement, ad. maliciously 
Malicieux, se. a. mischievous 
Malignement, ad. with an ill 

design; mischievously 
Malignitd, sf. malice^ malignity 
Malin, igne, a. mischievou>a; un- 
lucky; hurtful; bad 
Maline, sf spring tides 
Maline, MeiUdine lace 
Malingre, 2. a. pining, sickly 
Mal-intentionn6, e. a. ill-affected 
Malitome, a. s. awkward; un- 
Mal-jug6, sm. illegal decree 
Malle, rf. trunk, mail, box 
Malleability, maUeableness 
Malleable, 2. a. maUeablo 
Malletier, sm. trunk-maker 
Mallette, sf. little trunk; scrip 
Mallier, sm. a pack-horse 
Mal-mener, va. to use ill 
Malotru, e. a. sad; ungainly 
Malotru, em. sad, pitiful wretch 
Malpelgnd, a sloven 
Maljd^&ant, e. a. disagreeable 

Malpropret a* elutttsh; unfit 
MalproBfement, ad. slovenly 
Malproprete, sf. dirtiness; slo* 

Malsain, e. a, sickly; unwholo- 
. some 

Mals^ant, e. a. unbecoming 
Malsonnant, e. a. ill-sounding; 

Malt, sm. malt 
Maltdte, sf. oppressive tax 
Maltotier, sm. tax-gatherer 
Maltraiter, va. to use ill; wrong 
Malveillance, sf. ill-will; spite 
Maiveillant, sm. malevolent 
Malversation, sf. misdemeanor 
Malverser, vn. to misbehave 
MalvoisLe, sf. Malmsey lot'ns 
Malvoulu, e. a. hated 
Mainan, sf. mamma 
Mamie, sweetheart; honey 
Mammelle, the breast, pap 
Mammelon, sm. a nipple 
Mammelu, c. a. full-breasted 
Maniour, love, dear 
Manant, sm. a. clown 
Manche, handle, helve, haft 
— k balai, broom stick 
Manche, sf. a sleeve 
LaManche, the English Channd 
Manchette sf. a ruffle 
Manchon, sm. mvff 
Mancbot, e. a. maimed, lams 
Mandarin, sm. a mandarine 
Mandat, mandamus, bill 
Mandataire, sm. a proxy 
Mandement, order, mandate 
Mander, va. to * write uord 
Mander quclqu'un, to send for 
Mandille, sf. footman's great 

Mandoline, a small guita 
Mandore, mandore; lute 
Mandragore, mandrake 
Manducable, 2. a. eatable 

Manducation, sf. tion; eat' 

Manege, sm. managing a horse; 

riding-horse; intrigue 
Mftnes, pi. shade, ghost, manes 
Mangeable, 2. a. eatable 
Mangeaille, ^. food, victuals 
Mangeoire, o manger 
Sfangev) va. to eat; diet 
Manger, sm. food, meat, eating 



Mangerie, */. eatings exaction 
Mangeur, se. s. eater 
Maniable, 2. a. supple; tracta- 
Maniaque, 2. a. am. maniac, mad 
Mafticles, «/. pi. hand-fetters 
Manie, sf. madness; excessive 
fondness [nage 

Manier, va. to handle; to ma- 
Manid, e. a. elegant^ (of words 

and phrases) 
Maniement, sm. feeling; hand- 
ling; management 
Manure, sf. manner; way; style 
De maniere que, so that 
M&nieres^pLcarriage; behaviour 
Manier^, e. a. affected 
Mani^riste, sm. an affected 

Manifestation, «/. —tion 
Manifeste, 2. a. manifest, clear 
Maifeste, sm. manifesto 
Manifestement, ad. clearly 
Manifester, va. to declare 
Be manifester, vr. to*show one*s 

self i 

Manigance, sf. sly dealings 
Manigancer, va. to brew, to plot 
Manille, sf. Manilla 
Manioc, sni. yucca root 
Manipule, maniple; handful 
Manipulation, sf. —tion 
Manique, a l^and-leather 
^Maniveau, sm. a fish-basket 
Manivelle, sf. han^; r&unce 
Manne, manna; voider; cradlof 

Mannequin, sm. a hamper 
MancBuvre, sf. tackling of a 

ship; motion; procedure' 
Manoeuvrer, vn. to work a shij»; 

to plot 
Manceuvrer, sm. skilful seaman 
Manoir, mansion-house, manor 
Maouvrier, sm. a workman 
Manque, sf want, lack 
Manque de, 042. for want of 
Manquement, om. fault, slip 
Manquement de parole, the 

breach of one's word 
Manquer, va. fail; miss;* do 
amiss; want; * fall short;* 
be missing 
Manaarde, sf. roof of a Kouss 
Mansu^tude, genueness 


Mante, moumii^ mantle, or veil 
Manteau, sm. a cloak, mantua, 

Mantele, e. a.^mantUd 
Mantelet, sm. mantlet; capu- 
chin; mantle; penthouse 
Manteline, sf. riding-hood 
Manuel, le. a. manual 
Manuel, sm. a manual 
Manuellement, ad. manually 
Manufacture, */. — ture 
Manufacturer, va. to manufac- 
tute [turer 

Manufacturier, »m. manufac 
Manumission, sf. — sion 
Manuscrit, sm. a manuscript 
Manutention, sf. preserving, up- 
Mappemonde, sf. a map of the 

Maquereau, sm. a mackerel 
Maquereaux, pi. spots on the 

legs by fire 
Maquignon, sm. jockey 
Maquignonnage, jockeyship; in- 
Maquignonner un cheval, va. to 

fit a horse for sale 
Maquignonn^, to play the part 

of a broker 
Maquilleur, sm. a mackerel-boat 
Marabout, Mahometan priest; 

ugly fellow 
Marals, marsh; swamp; garden 

Marais salans, pi. salt-pans 
Marasme, sm. marasmus 
Mar&tre, sf. a Hep-mother; a 

cruel mother 
Maraud, sm. rascal, villain 
MaraudaiJle, sf. rascals,jade; marauding 
Marauder, vn. to * go amarantd- 

ing, or robbing 
Maraudeur, sm. a marauder 
Maravddis, —dis, littU Spanish 

Marbre, sm. marble 
Marbrer, va. to marble, vein 
Marbreur, sm. papsr-marbler 
Marbrier, marble-cutter 
Marbrure, sf. marbling 
Marc, sm. eight ounces; husks; 

Marcaige, am. tax on sea-fish 


Marcasan, young wild hear 
Marcassite, sf. marcasite stone 
Marcband, e. a. merchantable; 

trading; navigable 
Marcband, sm. a merchant; 

dealer, chapman 
Marcband en gros, a wholesale 

dealer [dealer 

Marcband en detail, a retail 
Marcband libraire, bookseller 
Marcband de soie, silkman 
Marcband de toile, linen-draper 
Matcband drapier, a woollen^ 

Marchande, sf. merchant's wife; 

a trading woman 

— de modes, milliner, 
Marcband d'herbes, greengrocer 
Marcbander, va. to cheapen, 

Marcbandeur, se. s. eheapener 

Marcbandise, sf. merchandise; 

goods, ware 
Marcbe, march; way; step 
Marcbes, pL marches, limits 
Marcbd, sm. market; bargain 

— au pain, bread-market 

— aux bprbes, herb-market 

— aux poules, poultry-market 

— au foin, hay-market 
Marcbepied, sm. footstool; foot- 

Marcher, vn. to walk; marcA; 

* go; rank; * tread 
Marcher droit, to * be honest, to 

behave well 
Marcher, sm. gait; way of 

Marcbeur, se. s. a walker 
Marcotte, */. layer; shoot; sprig 
Marcotter, va. to * set shoots 
Mardi, sm. Tuesday 
Mardi-gras, Shrove- Tuesday 
Mare, tf. a pound; meer; pool '^ 
Mar6cage, sm. marsh, swamp 
Mardcageox, se. a. marshy^ 

Mar^chal, sm. farrier; meer- 
hal [master 

Mar^cbal des logis, a qwaarter- 
Mar^chal de camp, adjutant- 
Mar^chalat, »m.marshalskip 
Mar««hal«ie, tf. farrior-truU 


Mai^cliaaai^e, martkalship 
Mar6e, Ude; fresh sea-fish 
Bl^i^ajat, s-m. urchin^ brat 
Marge, sf. margin 
Margelle, briia of a well 
Mai^inal, e. a. marginal 
Margot, sf. Peggy; magp* 
Margouiilis, sm. a puddle 
Margrave, margraoe 
Margraviat, margraviate 
Marguerite, sf. daisy; pearl 
Marguillerie, church wardenship 
Marguitlier, 5m. a churchwarden 
Mart, a husband, spouse 
Mariable, 2. <^. marriageable 
Manage, sm. marriage^ wedlock; 

Marie grailion, s/. a slut 
Marier, va. to marry; join 
Se marier, vr. to marry 
Marieur, se. s. watch-maker 
Marin, e. a. belonging to the sea 
Marin, sm. a seaman 
Marinade, sf. pickle 
Marine, navy; navigation; ma- 
rine; sea-affairs; beach; sea 
Mariner, 19 it. to pickle; souse 
Maringouin, sm. a moscheto 
Marinier, mariner ^ seaman 
Maijolaine, sf. marjoram 
Maijolet, sm. a fop 
Marion, sf. Polly 
Marionette, a puppet; a little 

Marital, e. a. matrimonial 
Maritalement, ad. like a husband 
Maritime, a. maritime 
Maritorne, sf. a clumsy wovmm 
Marie, &c. vid. Mame 
Marmaille, sf. brats 
Mamielade, marmalade^ jeily of 

bois marmenteau, sm. orna- 
mental trees 
Marmite, sf. porridge pot, kettle 
Marmiteux, se. a. whining 
Marmiton, sm. a scullion 
Marmonner, v. to mutter 
Marmot, sm. a kind of monkey; 

a puppet; a brat 
Marmotte, sf. a mountain-rat 
Marmotter, va. to mutter 
Marmouset, sm. of a grotesque 
figure; marmosH 


Mame, sf. marl, daf 
Marner, on. to marl, manure 
Marni^re, sf. a marl-pit 
Maroquin, sm. Turkey, Spanish, 

Russia, Morocco leaUker 
Maroquiner, va. to counterfeit 

Turkey leather, ^e. 
Maroquinerie, sf. art of making 

the above leather 
Maroquinier, sm. Turkey lea- 
Marotique, 2. a. Hudibrastie 
Marotte, sf. whim; hobbyhorse; 

fooVs bauble 
Maroufle, sm. scoundrel, booby 
Marque, sf. mark; token; print; 
mole; spot; note; proof; 
Marquer, va, to mark; score; 

signify; * show; * teU 
Marqueter, to speckle; inlaf 
Maniueterie, sf. inlaid work 
Marqueur, se. a marker 
Marquis, sm. a marquis 
Marquisat, marquisate 
Marquise, sf. marchioness; tUt 

over a tent 
Marraine, a godmother 
Marri, e. a. sorry, concerned 
Marron, sm. large chesnut; 
buckle of hair; riding wig- 
box; a runaway slave; a work 
printed clandestinely; sort of 
Marron d*Inde, horse ehesnut 
Marronner, va. to curl in great 

Marronnier, sm. large chesnui- 

Marronnier d'Inde, horse ehes- 
nut- tree 
Marronnier, a sledge-driver on 

the Alps 
Mars, March; Mars 
Marsouin, porpoise, sea-hog 
Martagon, mountain lily 
Marteau, hamm,er, knocker 
Martel, uneasiness 
Martelage, mark set on trees for 

Martel6es, sf. pi. dung of fal- 
Marteler, va. to hammer; * vex 
Martelet, sm. Utile hammer 
Marteleur, foreman t» a forge 



Martial, e. a. martial, trarlite 
Martin aec,,«m. etony kind sf 

Martin, or martinet-pteheur, 

king^s fisher 
Martinet, fiat candlestick; a 

mill hammer; a eat o*nma 

tails; a kind of swaUow 
Martingale, sf. martingale 
Martre, marten, marten^kim 
Martre zibeline, a sable 
Martyr, e. e^ a martyr 
Martyre, sm. martyrdom; »uf- 

Marty riser, va. to torture 
Martyrologe, sm. —logy 
Martyrologiste, —logist 
Mascarade, sf. masquerade 
Mascaret, sm. eddy of water 
Mascaron, a grotesque head 
Masculin, e. a. masculine, male 
Masculinity, sf. masculineueee, 

Masque, sm. a mask; a masque- 

rader; sf. an ugly wttch 
Masque, e. a. masked, counter' 

^^eit; dissembling 

asquer, va. to * mask; to clothe 
He —, vr. to * put a mask on 
Massacre, sm. massacre; bungler 
Massacrer, va. massacre; bungle 
Massacreur, sm. bungler; mnr- 

Masse, sf. mass; stocky maUet; 

mace; bullion; club 
Massepain, sm.'esoeet-cake 
Masser, va. to stake 
Massicot, ^m. yellow eolottr 
Massier, mace-bearer » 

Massif, ve. a. massy; heany; 

Massif, sm. masonry work 
Massivement, ad. heavily; duUy 
IVfassue, sf. a cluh; mace 
Mastic, sm. mastich 
Mastication, sf. chewing 
Masticatolre, sm. —lory 
Mastiquer, va. to cement with 

Masutipatan, sm. fine Indian 

Masure, sf. the ruins of a house; 

a paltry house 
Mat, te. a. unwrought; heavy 
Echec et mat, eheek-mate 




M&t, «in. a maU 
M&tage, masting 
Matador, matadore 
Matamore, a bully 
Matelas, mattress; wtCd 
Matelasser^ va. to quilt; wad 
Matelassier, sm. quilt-maker 
Matelot, sailor; consort-sMp 
Matelotage, a sailor''s pay 
Matelote, sf. hotch-potch of seve- 
ral sorts offish 
Mater, va.- to mate; subdue, 

M&ter, va. to mast 

Mat^rialisme, sm lism 

Materialiste, sm. —list 
Mat6rialite, sf. —lity 
Mat6riaiix, sm. pi. materials 
Materiel, le. a. material; lump- 
ish; dull; heavy 
Matdriellement, ad. — rially 
Maternel, le. a. maternal 
Matemel lenient, ad. motherly 
Maternit6,s/. —nity, motherhood 
Mateur, sm. a mast-maker 
Mathematician, —tician 
Matii^matiques, sf. pi. — ties 
Matti^matique, 2. a. —cai 
Math^matiqueinent, ad. —eally 
Matlere, */. matter^ subject 
Matin, sm. «$- ad. morning 
Matin, a mastiff; meanfelloto 
Matinal, e. a. an early riser 
Matine, */. a she mastiff 
Mdtineau, sm. a little mastiff 
Matin6e, */. forenoon 
M^iiner, va. to abuse 
Matines, sf pi. matins 
Matineux, se. a. early riser 
Matois, e. a. s. cunning; sharp; 

a sharper 
Matoiserie, sf. cunning trick 
Matou, sm. a male cat 
JMatras, a matrass; vial 
Matricaire, sf. motherwort 
Matrice, matrix; woTnb; mother 
Matricuiaire, sm. member of a 

Matricule, sf. register 
Matrimonial, e. a. —nial 
Matrone, sf. matron^ lady 
Matir^ to * make unpolished 
Matoir, sm. chisel^ scraper 
Mature, sf. masting^ masts of a 


Maturity, ripeness 
Maudire, va. to * curse 
Maudisson, sm. a curse 
Maudit, e. a. s. cursed^ accursed 
Maugr^er,* curse 
Mausolee, sm. mausoleum^ tomb 
Maussade, 2. a. slovenly j clumsy 
Maussadement, ad. nastily 
Maussaderie, sjf. siovejiliness 
Mauvais, e. a. bad^ evily ill 
Mauvais, sm. bad 
Mauvais, ad. bad, ill 
Mauve^ */. mallows 
Mauviette, a kind of lark 
Mauvis, ffm. mauvis; thrush 
Maux, evils, pi. of mal 
Maxiliaire, 2. a.-maziUary 
Maxime, sf. maxim, axiom 
Maximum, sm. the highest pointy 
greatest price [play 

Mazettc, sf. a tit; a novice at 
Me, pro. me; to me 
M^ctiamment, ad. wickedly 
M6chancete, sf. wickedness, 

wicked action 
M6chanicien, sm.a mechanician 
M^chaniqile, sf. mechanic 
Mdchanique, a. mechanic; sor- 
M^chanlquement, ad. —nieally; 

Mdcbanisme, sm. — nism 
M6cfaant, e. a. wicked, bad, pall- 
Mdcne, sf. wick; match; tinder 
M^chef, sm. mischance (old) 
M^cher, va. to vapour a cask 

with brimstone 
M^compte, sm. misreckoning 
Se m^compter, vr, to misreckon, 

to blunder 
Meconium, sm. juice of poppy 
Mdconnoifisable, 2. a. not to be * 

known again 
M6connoissance, sf. ingratitude 
M^iconnoissant, e. a. unthankful 
M6connoitre, vr. to * forget; not 

to * know; to disown 
Se — , vr. to forget one's self 
M^content, e. a. dissatisfied 
M^contentement, sm. discontent, 

M6contenter, va. to displease 
M^cr^ant, sm. a miscreantf a 
villain^ an ivfidd 


M^croire, va. to disbOiw 
M^daille, sf. a medal 
M^daillier, sm. cabinet of medals 
Medailliste, medallist, afUiguttrp 
Medallion, a medallion 
M6decin, a physician 
Medecine, sf. physic, purge 
M^deciner, va. to physio 
M6diane, sf. median vein 
Al^dianocbe, sm. midnight ra* 

gale -f 

Mediat, e. a. mediate 
Mediatement, ad. by means 
M6diateur, sm. a mediator 
Mediation, sf. mediation 
M^diatrice, a mediatrix 
Medical, c. a. medical 
M^dicamentj sm. —ment^ med^ 

M^dic^mentaire, 2. a. physical 
M6dicamenter, va. to physic 
M6dicamenteux, se. a. medicinal 
Medicinal, e. a., medicinal 
Mediocre, 2. a. middling; mode- 
M^diocrement, ad. indifferently, 

so 80 

Mediocrity, */. mediocrity, ms^ 

Medire, va. to * speak eeil; rail; 

revile; slander 
M^disance, sf. evil-speaking 
Medisant, e. a. s. evil speaker; 

slanderer; slandering 
M6ditatif, ve. o. —tive 
Meditation, sf. —tion 
Med iter, va. to meditate, * think 
Mediterranee, sf. —nean 
Medium, sm. medium, middle 
MeduIIairc, 2. a. medullar 
Mefaire, vn. to * misdo 
Mefait, sm. misdeed 
Mefiance, sf. mistrust, suspicion 
Meiiant, e. a. mistrustful 
Se mefier, vr. to mistrust 
Megere, sf bitter scold, shrew 
Megie, tawing of a skin 
Megisserie, ta-joing 
Megiesier, sm. a tawer 
Meilieur, e. a: better 
Meiancolie, sf. melajuholy;* sad- 
Meiancolique, 2. a. s. melanchofy 
Meiancoliquement, ad. with me- 


Melange, sm. nUxturej medleff 
Hfelanger, va. to mingle; blend 
Milaase, ■*/. molaases 
Bttl«e, the thick of a fight; 

frayj or debate 
M^lcr, oa. to m<x, blend; ehvffie 
— uue serrare, spoil a lock 
Se m61er de, to meddle^ to * be 

eoTicemed >ii 
M6U9se, «/. balm^ mint 
M^iodle, melody 
Mciodieuaement, ad. melodiousfy 
M6iodleux, 86. melodious 
Melon, sm. a melon 
Melonnier, one toko sells melons 
Melonniere, sf. a melon-bed 
Membrane, men^rane 
Menibraneux, se. a. membranous 
Membre, sm. member; Un^; 

joint; moulding 
Membru, e. a. stout 
Membrare, sf. a pannel-square; 

cord for measuring wood 
Mfime, a. same; self; itself 
Mdme, ad. even, very; also 
M(^inement, likeurise 
Memento, sm. a memento 
M^moire, */. memory 
M^moire, sm. memorandum; 

note; biU 
Memoires, sm. pL memoirs 
Memorable, 2. a. memorable 
M^moratif, ve. a. remembering 
Memorial, sm. a memorial; a 

vtaste book 
M^morialiste, —list - 
M^na^aat, e. a. threatening 
Menace, sf. threat 
Menacer, va. to threaten; huff 
Menaccur, sm. a threatener 
M^nade, sf. a bacchanal 
il6nnge^m.housekeepfngy kouse- 
hold^ family; goods; husbandry 
Management, sm, regard; con- 
duet; discretion 
Manager, va. to husband; ma- 
nage; * be tender of; procure; 
contrive: conduct 
Se manager, or. to * make muck 
of one*s self; to * keep fair 
Manager, e. *. thrifty house- 
MAoag^re, sf. housewife^ house- 
ksepar; ease for needles 


Menagerie, place for keeping fo- 
reign birds or beasts; a poul- 
Mendiant, e. a. s. a beggar 
Mendicity, sf. beggary 
Mendier, va. to beg 
Mendc, sf. UTulerhand device; 

Mener, va. to ♦ lead; * drive; 

head; amuee; carry; * bring 
M6n6tricr, sm. a fiddler 
Meneur, gentleman-usker; part- 
ner; driver 
Menin, a minion; attendant 
Menotte, sf. a little hand 
Menottes, pi. handcuffs 
Menae, sf income; stock 
Menaole, key-stone of a vault 
Menaonge, sm. lie; illusion 
Menaonger, e. a. illusory; false 
Menatruel, le. a. menstrual 
Menatrue, sm. menstruum 
Menatrues,/. pi. menses 
Menatrueax, ae. a. menstruous 
Mental, e. a. mental 
Mentalement, ad. mentally 
Menterie, sf. afib^ a lie 
Menteur, se. a. s. lying; liar 
Menthe, sf. mint 
Mention, mention; naming 
Mentionner, va. to mention 
Mentir, vn. to * lie. to fib 
Menton, vn. the chtn 
Mentonni^re, sf. chin- cloth 
Menu, e. a. slender ^ smallj thin 
Menu boia, sm. brushwood; bavin 
Menua plaisire, pL privy purse 
Menus droits, pi. hounds^ fees 
Menu peuple, sm. vulgar j mob 
Menua grains, pi. oats^ barley^ 

pease^ vetch^ Sre. 
Menue monn<^e, sf. copper mo- 
Menu, sm. bill of fare^ biU of 

parcels; small linen 
Menuet, a minuet 
Menuiaer. va. totoork in joinery 
Menuiaerie, sf. joinery 
Menuiaier, sm. joiner 
Se m^prendre,* mistake 
M^pria, sm. contempt^ scam 
M^pris, e. a. mistaken 
M6priaable,2. a. contemptible 
M^priaablement, ad. contempti- 



M^priMnt, e. a.^dainful 
M^priae, sf. a mistake^ bhmisr 
M^priaer, va. to despise 
Mer, sf. the sea 
Mercantille, small trade 
Mercenaire, 3. a. e. mercenary; 

a kireling 
Mercenairement, ad. mercenari- 

Mercerie, sf. mercery 
Mercerot, sm. pedUr^ hawker 
Merci, sf. mercy; pity; power 
Mercier, e. s. a haberdasher^ 

Mercredi, sm. Wednesday 
Mercure, Mercury 
Mercuriale, sf. a reprimand 
Mercuriel, le. mercurial 
Mdre, sf. mother^ dam 
M6ridten, sm. the meridian 
M^ridicn, ne. a. meridian 
M6ridienne,«/. nap after dinner 
Mdridional, e. a. southerly 
M^riae, sf. tart kind of cherry 
Merlaier, sm. small cherry-tree 
M^rite, merit, desert, worth 
M6ritcr, va. to deserve; procure 
M^ritoire, 2. a. meritorious 
Mdritoirement, ad. meritoriously 
Merlan, «ii». a whiting 
Merle, blackbird 
Un fin Merle, a cunning fellow 
Merleaae, sf. hen blackoird 
Merler, sm. battlement 
Merlette, sf. a marlet 
Merlin, sm. conjurer 
Merluche, sf. stoe/^fish 
Merrain, sm. ship-timber . 
Merveille, sf. wonder, marvel 
Merveilleuaement, ad. wonder- 

Merveilleux, ae. a. wonderful^ 

strange, admirable 
Merveilieux, sm. marvellous 
Mea, pro. pi. my 
M^aaise, sm. trouble 

one''s self 
M^aallier, va. to undermatch 
Se mdaallier, vr. to marry below 

©jw s self 
M^aange, sf. a tomrtit 
M^aarriver, vn. td * corns to any 

harm; to succeed ill * 

Miaaventure, sf. mischance 



Mesdames, pi. ladies 
M6aeiit^.re, sm. mesentery 
M6sent6rique, 2. a. -—terie 
Misentiiner, va. to disregareL, to 

M^aintelligence, sf. misunder- 

M^BoSrir, va. to^ underbid 
Meaquin, am. a niggardly man 
Mesquine, sf. niggardly woman 
Mesqiiin, e. a. niggardly 
Mesquinement, ad. sordidly 
Meaquinerie, sf. stinginess 
Message, sm. message^ errand 
Measager, e. i. messenger; a car- 
rier; a penny-postman 
Messagerie, sf. the post-house 
Messe, a mass 
Mess6ance, indecency 
Mess6ailt, e. a. unbecoming 
Messeigneurs, sm. pi. my lords 
Measeoir, vn. not to suit 
Messie, sm, Messiah 
Mossier, keeper of vineyards 
Messieurs, gentlemen^ sirs 
Mesaire, title of honour j sir 
Mestre de camp, a colonel 
Mesurable, 2. a. measurable 
Mcsurage, sm. measurement 
Mesure, sf. measure^ time^ size^ 

Mesur^, e. a. eircumspeet 
Me8urer,va. to measure^ to weighs 

to proportion 
Se mesurer avee, to enter into 

composition with 
Mesureur, sm. measurer, meter 
Misuser, vn. to misuscy abuse 
Mesvendre, va, to * sell under 

Meavente, sf. sale with loss 
M6tairie, a farm 
M<^tai, sm. metal 
M^tqllique, 2. a. —lie 
M6tnllurgie,ff/. metallurgy 
M^tallurgiste, sm. metallist 
Metamorphose, sf. —phosis 
M^tamorplioser, vr. to metamor- 
Se — , vr. to transform OTui's self 
M^taphore, sf. —phor 
M^taphorique, 3. a. —rical 
M^taphoriqnement, ad. tneta- 



M^taphysiqae, sf. ^-sies 
M^taphyaique, 2. a. —sical; ab- 
M^taphyaiquement, ad.—sicaUy 
M6tayer, sm. a farmer 
M6tayere, */. a. farmer's wife 
Meteil, sm. meslin; brown 
M6iempsychose, sf. —chosis 
M^teore, sm^ a meteor 
M6t6orologie, */. — logy 
M^tdorologique, 2. a. —gical, 

M(^thode, sf. method; way 
M^thodique, 2. a. —dieeU 
Mdthodiquement, ad. —eaUy 
M^tliodiste, sm. methodist 
Metier, trade; loom; frams 
M^tif, ve. M^tis a. s. mongrel 
M6tives, sf. pi. harvest-time 
M6Uvier, e. s. a reaper 
M6topo6copie, sf. —copy 
Metre, sm. metre 
M^trique, 2. a. — trical 
M^tromanie, sf. a violent desire 

of making verses 
M6tropole, -~polis; mother-city, 

M^tropolitain, e. a. archiepHco- 

Mets, sm. mess; dish 
Meltable, 2. a. wearable; pass- 

Metteur en OBUvre, stone-setter 
Meltre, va. to * put; * set; * lay 
Meable, sm, households goods, 

Meuble, a. s. moveable 
Meublcr, va. to furnish 
M6vendre, to * undersell 
M6vente, */. underselling 
Meuglement, sm. bellowing 
Meiigier, vn. to low, bellow 
Meule, sf. millstone, grindsUme 
Meule de foln, a hay -cock 
Meule de paille, stack of straw 
Meule, burr of a deer's head 
Meuliere, millstone quarry 
Meunier, sm. miller; pollard 
Meuiiiere, sf. miller's wife 
Meurtre, sm. murder 
Meurti-ier, e. a. murderous 
Meurtrier,- e. *. a murderer 
Meurtriere, sf. a loop-hole 
Meurtrir, va. to bruise 
MeurtrisBore, sf. a bruise 

Meute, pack of hounds 
Mezzo-tiiito, sm. meixotmto 
Mi, half, middle 
Mi.AoQt, sf. middle of JHgual 
Mi-caf^me, mid-lent 
Miaulant, e. a. mewing 
Miaulement, sm. mowing 
Miauler, vn. to mew, caterwaul 
Miche, sf. manchet, loaf 
Micmac, sm. intrigue, plot 
Mi-cdte, */. bending of a kiU 
Microcosme, sm. microcosm, 
Micrometre, micrometer 
Microscope, microscope^ magni^ 

MicroBCopique, 2. a. —pie 
Midi, sm. noon, south 
Mie, sf. a crumb; nurss 
Miel, sm. honey 
Mielat, honey-dew 
Miclleux, se. a. luscious 
Mien, ne. pro. mine, my own 
Miette, sf. little crumb, little bit 
Mievre, 2. a. unlucky, roguish 
Mievrerie, sf. a prank ^ 

Mieux, ad. better, rather, best 
Mignard, e, a. pretty, nice, deli- 
Mignardement, ad. nicely, tetf 

Mignarder, va. to cocker; to fon- 
dle [tures 
Mignardise, «/. delicacy of fear 
Mignardise, China pink 
Mignardises, pi. beauties; deli- 
cacy of features; style; en- 
* dearments 

Mignon, ne. a. delicate pretty 
Mignon, ne. s. a darling, a fa- 
Mignoncment, ad. delicately, cu- 
riously • 
Mignonnette, sf. minionette 
Mignotter, va. to fondle 
Migraine, sf. megrim; head-ache 
Migration, — tion, passage 
Mijaur^e, affected woman 
Mijoter, vo. to boil gentiy; to 

fondle, pamper 
Mil, sm. millet 
Milan, a kite, ffumard 
Milice, sf. militia, soldiery 
Milicien, sm. militia-man 
Milieu, middle, medium; temper 
Militaire,/. a. s. military 


IGttttdremeiK, ad. —laraf 
KUitante,/. a. militmu 
Mmier, to. to nulitaU 
Mille, nt mil, «)». thousand; a 

MiUefeaille, »f. nMfoil; 

MiJId-fois; ad. often 
MUl^aaire, 2. a. ». millenary 
MiU^sime, sm. tke date of coin 

MiUet, miUet 
Millialre, 2. amiliary 
Milliard, sm. thousand millions 
Milliafise, sf. worlds ikousands 

of thousands 
Miiii^me, 2. a. thousandth 
Millier, sm. a thousand 
Million, a million 
Millionaire, a very rich man 
Milord, a lord 
Mime, farce; buffoon 
Minage, measuring of com by 

the mine; fee thereof 
Minauder, vn. to prim it 
l&SxviMAerwi^sf. primming; affect- 
ed nicety 
Minaudier, e. s. a prim man or 

Mince, 2. a. fAi'n, slender^ smaU 
Mine, sf. a mien^ pretence; show; 

looks; mine; ore 

de plomb, black lead 

Miner, va. to undermine; prey 

Mineral, sm. a mineral; ore 
Mineral, e. a. mineral 
Min6ral<^ie, sf. —logy 
Min^ralogiste, sm. — legist 
Mincralogae, mineralist 
Mi nerve,.*/. Minerva 
Mtnet, te. s. puss, kitten 
Minear, sm. a miner 
Mineur, e. a. s. minor, undir age 
Miniatear, sm. a miniature-pain- 
Miniatare, sf. miniature [tsr 

Miniere, sf. mine 
Minime, stn. sort of monk; dun 

MinisCdre, office; agency; mnis- 

try; ministers 
Mlni8t6riel, le. a. — terial 
Ministre, sm. minister^parson 



If ininrn, mrnnim; rsdpainz 
Mioois, look, face ■ 
Minen, apuss^ kitten 
Minorite, sf. —rity, non-age 
lliliaot, sm. hay a mine, three 

Minotaure, sm. minotaurus 
Miuuit, midnight 
Minuscule, sf. smaU letter 
Minute, minute; small writing 
Minuter, va. to * make a rough 

draught; to propose 
Minutie, sf. trifle, minuteness 
Minutieux, se. a. trifling 
Mi-parti, e. a. divided into two 
Miqueiets, sm. pi. banditti 
Miquelot, sm. a young begging 

Mtirabelle, sf. a sort of plum 
Miracle, sm. miracle, wonder 
Miraculeusement, ad. wonder- 
fully, miraculously 
Miraculeuz, se. a. miraculous; 

Mirauder, va. to gaze 
Mire, */. aim of a. gum 
Mirer, vn. to aim; look at 
Se mirer, vr. to view one's self 
in a glass [man 

Mirmidon, sm. conceited little 
Miroir, looking-glass, mirror 
MiroHeriejSf. looking-glass trade 
Miroitier, sm. a looking-glass 

seller 6r maker 
Miroton, sm. kind of hashed 

Misaine, sf. foremast; foresail 
Misanthrope, s. misanthrope, 

Misantliropie, 5/. — thropy 
Mi9cellan6e, sm. miscellany 
Miscible, 2. a. miscible 
Mise, sf. disbursement; current 
Miserable, 2. a. miserable; wick- 
ed; worthless 
Misdrablcment, ad.—bly 
Mise re, sf. misery, calamity 
Mis6r6r6, sm. a twisting in the 

bowels; moment 
Mls6ricorde, */. mercy, pity 
Blis^ricorde! int. bless me.' 
Mia^ricordieusement, ad. merd- 

Misdricordieux, se. a. eompas- 
sionatSf merciful 



MliMl, sm. mass-book 
MisBion, sf. mission 
Missionnaire, «iii. missionary 
Missive, a. (lettre,) sf. epistle 
Mitaine, sf a miUen.—De Vcn- 
guent miton-miiaine, useless 

Mite, a mite; cheese-mite 
Mitliridate, sm. mithridate 
Mitigation, sf. —tion, abatement 
Mitiger, va. to mitigate 
Mitoa, sm. furrowed glove 
Milonner, v. to* let soak; fondle 
— quelqu'un, to humour one 
—' une affaire, to* let a busines 

Mitoyen,ne. a. middle 
Mur-mitoyen, partition-wall 
Mitraille, sf. iroji,or brass 

case-shot "' 

Mitre, sf. mitre; bauble 
Mitrd, e. a. mitred 
Mitron, sm. journeyman-baker 
Mixte, 2. a. mixed, mixt 
Mixte, sm. a mixt body 
Mixtion, sf. mixture 
Miztionner, va. to * mix 
Mobile, 2. a. moveable, fickle 
Mobile, sm. mobile, or mover 
Mobilier, e. a. moveable 
Mobilit4^,5/. —lity, moveableness 
Moca, sm. best coffee 
Mode, sf mode, fashion, way 
Mode, sm. modality; modulation; 

Modele, sm. model 
Modeler, va. to model 
Mod<^rateur, 5>n. a president 
ModdraUon, sf. moderation; a- 

Mod6r6, c. a. moderate; abated 
Mod^r^inent, ad. soborly , 
Mod^rer, va. to moderate; re- 
press; abate; lessen [self 
Se mod^rer, vr. to refrain ^ne's 
Moderne, 2 a. modern 
Modernes, sm. pi. tJie modems 
Modeste, 2. a. modest; grave 
Modestement, ad. modestly 
Modestie, 5/. modesty 
Modicit^, smallness 
Modificatif, sm. —tive 
Modification, sf. —tion, limitor^ 

Mftdifier, va. to modify 



Modilon, sm. modUlon^ braeket 
M odiqne, 2. a. moderate^ tmall 
Modlquement, (td. moderately 
Modulation, sf. — tion 
Module, sm. a models modtiU 
Mobile, sf. marroio, pith 
Mo(;i1eux,se. a. full of marrow; 

pithy; aubstantial 
Mo6 Hon, sm. rough stones 
MoBurs, sf. pi. mAniurst toays 
Mohatra, 2. a. uswrary 
Moi, pr. me, / 
Moi-mdme, myself 
Moignon, am. stump 
Moinaiile, sf. the mmtka {term of 

Moindre, 2. a. less^ least 
Moine, sm. a monkj friar; 

wooden warming-pan 
Moineau, a sparrow 
Moinerie, sf. monkery [tempt 
Moinesse, nun; by way of con- 
Moinillon, sm. a petty monk^ in 

Moins, ad. less^ except^ but 
Moins, sm. the least 
A moind que, c. unless 
Moire, */. mohair 
Moir^, e. a. clouded, watered 
Mois, sm. a month 
Moisi, mould, hoariness 
Moisir, va. to mould 
Se moisir, vr. to grow mouldy 
Moisispure, */. movidiness 
MoiBsine, a branch full of grapes 
Moiaaon, harvest^ crop 
Moi3sonner, va. to * reapf to 

make the harvest 
Moissonneur, ae. s. a reaper 
Moite, 2. a. moist, damp 
Moiteur, sf. moistness, moisture 
Moiti6, half, moiety; wife 
Mol, le. vid. Mou [grinders 
Molaire, 2. a* dents molaires; 
Mdle, sm. a mole, a pier 
Mdle, sf. a moon-calf, kind of 

Molecule, particle 
Molester, va. to molest, * vex 
Molette, */. the rowel of a spur; 

painter's mvJUar; windgaU 
Moli^re, quagmire; mUl-stone 

Molaase, 2. a. flabby, JUmay 
MoUe, a.f, vid. Mou 


MollemeDt, ad. softly, fMntly, 

MoUesse, sf. softne8s,effeminacy, 

Mallet, te. a. s of tich, light 
Moiiet, svt. the calf of the leg; 

short fringe; nipper; pincer 
Molieton, swanskin 
MoUifier, va. to moUify 
Mollir, V. to soften, to * grow 

soft; toJLir; slacken 
Moiy, sm.moly {a plant) 
Moment, moment, minutt 
Momentan6«, 2. a. momentary, 

Momerie, sf. mummery, hypo- 
Momie, a mummy 
Momon, sm. bet-money 
Mon, [ieh 

Monacal, e. a. monachal, monk- 
Monacalement, ad. like a monk 
Monachisme, sm. monkery 
Monade, sf. monad, unity 
Monarchic, a monarchy 
Monarchique, 2. a. — chical 
Monarque, sm. monarch 
Monastere, monastery 
Monastique, 2. a. monastic 
Monaut, sm. ono-eare^ 
Monceau, a heap 
Mondain, e. a. s. worldly; proud 
Mondainement, ad.afteraworldr 

ly manner » 

Mondanit6, sf.worldliness; pride 
Monde, sm. the world; servants; 

Monder, vn. to cleanse; peel 
Mondificatif, ve. a. s. cleansing 
Mondifier, va. to cleanse 
Mon^tairei sm. warden of the 

Moniale, sf. a nwn 
Moniteur, am. monitor 
Monition, sf.—tion, warning 
Monitoire, 2. a. monitory 
Monnole, sf. moneyt coin, mint, 

Monnoyi^e, sm. coining 
Monnoyer, va. to coin,* stamp 
Monnoyeur, am. a coiner 
Monochorde, monochord 
Monoculaire, 2. a. one-eyed 
Monogramme, am. monogram, a 

kind of cipher 


Monologue, --logue, aoUUfny 

Monopole, am. -^ly; tax 
Monopoler, va. to monopoUxe 
Monopoieur, am. monopoUat 
Monpsyilable, monosyllable 
Moi^osyllabique, 2. a. —bical 
Monotone, 2. a. —nova 
Monotonie, sf. monotony 
Mons, sir, {scornfully) 
Monseigneur, sm. my lord 
Monsieur, sir, master; monsieur 
Monstre, a motister 
Monstrueuaement, ad, prodigi- 
MonBtrueux, se. a. monstrous 
Monstruositd, sf. monstrosity 
Mont, sm. a mount, hill. — ^Monts 

et merveillea, wonders 
Montage, coming up 
Montagnard, e. a. a.mountainaer, 

Montague, sf. mountain, hill 
Montagneux, se. a. movntdm- 

01M, hiUy 
Montant, am. the upright in a 

building; total; flowing 
Mont^e, sf. staircase, step,aeeent 
Monter, v. to* go or "* come up, 

* rise, "'.get up, to * flow 
Se iDonter, to amount, * come to 
Monticule, sm. little mountain 
Mont-Joie St. Denis, the ancient 

cry of war of the French; also 

the first king at arms 
Montoir, a mounting block 
Montre,- sf. a wateh^ sample, 

muster, show 
-^ d r^p^tition, a repeater 

— d'orgues, outside of an organ 
Montrcr, va. to * show; * teach 

— Ics dents & quelqu'un, to r» 
sist one 

— ses talons, to * run away 
Montueux, se. a. mountainous 
Montore, sf. a beast for a sad^ 

die; stock; frame 
Monument, sm. a monument • \ 

Se moquer de, vr. to laugh ai, 

ridicule, scorn, jeer 
Moquerie,->«/. mockery, fosUah 

Moquette, mockadoea; yam m 

Moqueur, se. a. mocker, joker %, 
Moqueurvse. a. jeering, aeoffing 
Moraiiles/f/. pL horse bamstles 





MoraiBon, tm. el^sp 0/ a trunk iMoriUon, mi. fine black grape; 
Iforal, e. a. moral ' | sort of emerald 

MoralOf */. morality Moriae, sf. ehiekwsed- 

Moraiement, ad, moratty, pro-] ^otUmt sm. morion 


Morallaer v. to moralite 
Moraliaear, sm. a moraUzor 
Moraliste, moralist 
Morality, sf. morality^ moral 
Morbide, S. a. morbid 
Morbifique, 2. a. morbific 
Morbleu, int. zounds 
. Moroeau, am. bit, pieee^ morsel 

— de la soaris, venison^ bit 

— gras d'une ^clancbe, pope^e 

Morceler, vo. to eantle, parcel 

Mordacity, — city^ eorrosiveness^ 

acrimony of speech 
Mordant, e. a. sharp^ smart 
Mordaat, sm. a printer* a visori- 

tan; two-pointed nail; claw 
Mordicant, e. a. acridy sharp, 

Mordiller, va. to * bite a little 

and often; * carp at [lour 
Mordort, e. a. brownish red eo- 
Mordre, * bite; corrode; carp 

— d la grappa, to like a thing 

— la poussiere, to * be killed 
More, sm. a Moor 
Moreau, sort of bag to * feed a 

horse as he * goes along 
Morelle, sf. nightshade, morel 
Moresque, 2. a. Moorish 
Moresque, sf. morrit dance; a 

ne^ress; moresh-work 
MornI, sm. a wire-edge; uw- 

wrought elephznVs teeth 
Be monbndre, vr. to dance at- 
tendance, to wait in vai-n, to 
* catch cold upon heat 
Morfondure, */. cell upon heat 
Mojpgblinc, chickweed 
Morgue, bone-house; haughty 

surly look 
Morguer, va. to bully, * dare 
Moribond, c. a. in a dying con- 
Moricaud, sm. a tawny man 
Moricaude, sf. a tawny woman 
Mori^ncr, va. to tutor; school 
Morille,#/.fli0r0<, sort of mush- 

Morne, 2. a. dull; sullen 
Morn(&, e. a. tipt, blunt 
Momifle, sf box on the ear 
Morose, 2. a,.morose 
Moroaitd, sf. moroseness 
Morpion, sm. a erab-louse 
Mors, a horse bit 
Morsure, sf. a bite, biting 
Mort, i^otA, decease 
Mort, e. a, dead, deceased 
Morte mar^e, neap-tide 
Mort, e. s. a dead body 
Mort aux rats, sf. rats-bane 
Morte-eau, low tide 
Mortadelle, Italian sausage 
Mortaiae, mortise, joint 
Mortality, mortality, plague 
Mortel, le. a. s. mortal 
Mortellement, ad. mortally 
Morte-paye, sf. a soldier's ordi- 
nary pay during life 
Morte-saison, the dead time of the 

Mortier, sm. mortar 
Mortif^re, 2. a. deadly 
Mortifiaat, e. a. grievous, sad 

Mortification, sf. tion, cross, 

g^^fi gangrene 
Mortiner, va. to mortify, * vex 
Mort-n6, e. a. still-born 
Mortuaire, 2. a. funeral 
Morue, */. a cod; stockfish 
Morve, snot, glanders- 
Morveux, se. a. s. snotty 
Mosaique, sf. Mosaic work 
Moscateline, mmk-weed 
Mosqu^e, a mosque [ing 

Mot, sm. word, note, motto, say- 
Mot du guet, a watch-word 
Mot pour r^re',^a joke, jest 
Mot a double entente, a pun 
Mot 4 mot, word for word 
Motet, sm. anthem 
Moteur, an author, contriver, 

Motif, a motive, aim, catLse 
Motion, sf motion, action 
Motiver, va. to relate the motive 
Motte, sf dod, turf, hillock, peat 
Se motter, vr. to * lurk behind 
turf I 

Motus, int. hush, mum 

Mott, sm. lights of a ahoep^ ot 
cat's meat 

xMou, moUe, a. soft, mellow, dull, 
loose, sluggish 

Mouchard, sm. a spy, rascal 

Mouche, sf. a fly; patch 

Mouche k miel, a bee 

Mouche, a game at cards 

Moucher, va. to * blow on«*s 
nose, to snuff 

Moucherole, */. gnat-snapper 
Moucheron, sm. gnat; snt^of^ 

Moucheter, va. to * pink; spot 
Mouchette, */• a kind of joiner's 

Mouchettes, pi. snuffers 
Moucheture, sf pinking; apota 
Moucheur, *to, a snuffer 
Mouchoir, handkerchief 
Mouchure de chandelle, sf. tha 

snuff of a candle 
Moudre, vn. to * grind 
Mowe, sf. grimace, face 
Faire la moue, to pout 
Mouette, sf. sea-mew; aguU ' 
Mouffette, foul air (in nunea) 
Mouflard^ e. *. bloated face 
Moufie, sf. mitten; bloated face; 

Moudcr, va. to *^swell the cheeks 
Mouillage, sm. anchorage 
Mouille- boucbe, qf. bergamo 

Mouiller, va. to wet; anchor 
Mouillette, sf slice of bread 
Moullloir, sm. spinning vessel 
Mouillure, af. waterijig, wetting 
Moulage, am. moulds, miUstones 
Moulaut, a miller's man 
Moule, a vumld, model 
Moule, sf. a muscle 
Moule e, grinder's clay 
Mouler, va. to mould, *' east, 

print, pile up 
Moulettes, sf. pi. smaU sheila 
Mouleur do boia, sm. assiter af 

!Vfouliii, a mill 

— a vent, wind-mill 

— k eaii, water-mill 

— k papier, paper-mill 
-^ d catf^e, eoffeo-mill 

— k foulon, fuUing-mili 



Moulin k colon, cotUn-miU 

— i dr^che, malt-mill 

— i piler, gfrinding-miU 

— i van, pmntAg-miU 

— k nef, a mill halt on a boat 
or vessel 

Moulin k bras, hand-mill 
MouliDage, sm. the last dressing 

ofsilh brfore it is dyed 
Bols moutin^, rotten wood 
Moulinet, capstan^ hand-mill, 
turnstile, chocolate-fnillj mUl- 
• ed money 

Moult, ad. much, very much 
Moulure, */. a moulding 
Mourant, e. a. dying; pale 
Mourant, sm. a dying man 
Mourir, vn. to die, to* go out 
Se mourir, vr. to * be ^ing 
Mouron, sm- chick-weed; pim- 
Mousquet, sm. musket 
Mouaquetadc, sf. musket- shot 
Mousquetaire, sm. musketeer 
Mousqueterie, */. a volley of 
■ small shot 
Mousqueton, sm. a musketoon, 

Mousse, sf. moss; lather; froth 
Mousse, sm. a ctibin-boy 
Mousseline, sf. muslin 
Mousser, v. to froth, lather 
Meusseron, sm'. small white 

Mousseux, se. a. frothy 
Mouason, sf. monsoon, trade- 
Mousu, e. a. mossy 
Moustache, sf. whiskers 
Mo&t, sm. must, wort 
Moutarde, sf. mustard 
Moutardier, sm. a mustard-pot, 

a mustard-maker 
Moutier, monastery, convent 
Mout«n, a wether, mutton, sheep, 

Moutons, sm. pi. billows 
Moutonnage, tax on sheep 
Moutonnaille, sf. a parcel of 

Moutonne, a tower of false hair 
Moutonncr, vn. to foam, curl 
Moutonnier, e. a. sheep-like 
Moulure, sf. grinding; mixsd 
torn, miUer'sfee 


Mouvance de lief, dependanee of 

a fee upon another 
Houvant, e. a. moving 
Mouvement, sm. motion; move- 
ment; accord; time 
Mouvemena, pi. broils, commo- 
Mouver, va. to stir the mould in 

a garden 
Mouvoir, va. to move, stir, in- 
cite, stir up (tion 
une question, to start a gues- 
Mouvoir, * hold, depend 
Moyen, sm. means, power 
Moyen, ne. a. middling, mean 
Moyennant, pr. for;.by means of 
— que, c. provided that 
Moyennement, ad. so so 
Moyenner, va. to procure, * get 
Moyeu, sm. a stock of a wheel, 
yolk of an egg; nave; a pre- 
served plum- . 
Mu, e. a. moved, stirred 
Muable, 2. a. suJtject to change, 

Muclie-inuche, ad. in secret 
Mucilage, sm. mucilage 
MucUa^neux, se. a. —nous, sli- 
Mucosit^, sf. mucous matter 
Mue, slough; skin; coop 
Muer, vn. to motdt, mew, shed 
Muct, te. a. s. dumb, mute 
Muffle, sm. muzzle 
Mufti, ou Muphti, Mufti 
Muge, a mullet 

Mugir, vn. to low, bellow, roar 
Mugissant, e. a. lowing, bellow- 
ing, roaring [ing 
Mugissement, sm. loving, roar- 
Muguel, lily of the valley; spark, 

Mu^uetcr, va. to court, aim at 
Muid, sm. hogshead 
Muid de bl6, comb and a bushel 

of com 
Mul&tre, s. a mulatto 
Muicte, sf. mulct, fine 
Mulcter, va. to fine, «? mulct 
Mule, sf. a woman's slipper; she 

muie; moto or cock 
Mules, pL kibes, chilblains 
Mulet. sm. he mule, mullet 
Mulener, a mule-driver 
I Molette, sf. a calfs maw 


Mulot, «fii. afieU-mauae 
Multiple, 3. a. multiple 
Multipiiablc, 2. a. pliable 
Multiplicaiide, sm. —cand 
Multiplicateur, —ccOor 
Multiplication, sf —tion 
MultipliciU^, —city, multitude 
Mutiiplier, va. to multiply 
Multitude, sf. multitude 
Municipal, c. a. municipal 
Municipality, sf. corporation 
Munificence, —ce, bounty 
Munir, va. to supply, provide ' 
Munitions, sf. pi. ammumtion 
Munitions de boucbe, provisiene 
Munitionnaire, sm. commissary 

of stores 
Mur, a wall 

Mur mitoyen, a partition-^oaU 
Mur, M&re, a. ripe, m^iJture 
Muraille, sf. a wall 
Mure, a mulberry 
Murement, ad. maturely 
Murine, sf. lamprey 
Murer, va. to wall, mure up 
MQrier, sm. mulberry-tree 
ftlurir, vr. to ripen 
Murmurateur, sm. murmurer 
Mummie, murmur, purling^ 

humming noise, grumbling^ 

Murmurer, v. to mttrrnvr, to 

whisper; purl; warble 
Musard, c. a. s. a loiterer 
Muse, sm. musk; Indian beast 
Muscade, sf. nutmeg 
Muscadelle, musk-pear 
Muscadet, sm. muscadine grape; 

Muscadier, nutmeg-tree 
MuRcadin, sm. muscadine; dain- 
ty cake; fop 
Muscat (vin,) muscadine wine 
Muscat, muscadine grape 
Muscle, a muscle; strength 
Mnsoosit^, sf. —sity 
Musculaire, i2. a. muscular 
Musculeux, se. a. museulous 
Muse, sf. muse 

Museau, sm. muizU, anoul, noM 
Mnsde, mtwncm 
Museliere, sf. a muitle 
Muser, vn. to loiter^ tr^ 
Muserolc, af. the headland af « 



Musette, j/. a bag-pipe 

Muse umiSm.museuMf repotUory 

of curiosities 
Musical, e. a. miuical 
Musicalement, ad. muaicaJUy 
Muaicien, ne. $. a ntusieian 
Mosique, af. music 
Muaique enragde, eatsrtoauling' 
Musqaer, va. to scent with 

Se musser, vk. to lurk in a cor- 
Musulmdn, sm. — man^ Turk 
Musulmaa, e. a. T^kish^ Maka- 

MutabiUt^, sf, —litii 
Mutation, —tion, chants 
Mutilation, —tion^ maiming 
Mutiler, va. to mutilate; cas- 
Mutin, e. a. s. headstrong^ stub- 
born, mutinous 
Se mutiaer, vr. to mutiny , * rise 

in armsy * befrowari 
Mutinerie, sf. mutiny^ froward- 

Mutuel, le. a. mutual 
Mutuellcment, ad. mutually ^ 
Myriade, sf. ten thousands; 

numberless; infinity 
Myrobolan, sm. Indian-plum 
Myrrhe, sf. myrrh 
Myrte, sm. myrtle-tree 
Myidt^re, a mystery , secret 
My8t6rieuaement, ad, mysteri- 

Myst^rieux, se. a. mysterious 
Mysticitd, sf. mysticalness 
Mystifler, va. to ridiculs a maH 

slyly, to quiz him 
Mystique, a. mystical 
HyBtiquement, ad. mystically 
Mjrtbologie, sf—logy 
Mythologiqae, 3. a. -—gieal 
Mythologua, or Mytliologiate, 
sm. --iogist 


NABOT, c. s. shrimp, dwarf 
Nacarat, e. u. light red 
Nacelle, sf. a small boat 
Nacre, mother of peas I 
Nadir, sm.'nadir 


Nageoire, */. ««; cork, *c. for 

swimming; lid 
Nager, vn. to * swim, sail, row 
A la nage, by swimming 
Nageur, se. s. a swimmer 
Nageur, sm. waterman, rower 
N*agu6re, ad. not long ago 
Naiade, sf. naiad, nymph 
Naif, ve. a. arUess, downright^ 

NaiQ, e. a. s. dwarf 
Naine, sf. sort of bean 
Naissance, sf.birthynaUvityyrise 
Nai8saat,e. a. nascent, rising, 

growing, newly bom 
Naitic, vn. to * be born; * breed, 

* arise, * spring, * grow 
Naiveinent, ad. plainly 
Na'ivetd, sf. ingenuousness; in- 
Nanan, good, ^ood (childish ex- 
Nauti, e. a. possessed of 
Nantir, va. to insure 
Se— , vr. to secure 
Nappe, sf. table-eloth; dur-skm 
Nappe d*eau, a sheet of water 
Naqueter, vn. to dance attend- 
Narciase, sm. daffodil, conceited 
Narcotique, 2. a. s. narcotic 
Nard, sm, spikenard 
Naiguer, va. to hector, to bully 
Nai^e de vous, a fig for you 
Nanne, sf. nostril 
Narquois, b. s. a sharper; gib- 
berish; cant 
Narrateur, sm. arelater, tetter 
Narratif, ve. a. —tioe 
Narration, sf. a narrative, a re- 

ItUion, account, recited 
Naxri,sm. a recital, a narratioe 
Narrer, vn. to relaU, to * tell 
Nasal, e. a. nasal 
Nasarde, sf. afiUip 
Nasarder, va. to rap om the nose, 

to jeer 
Naaeau, sm. nostril of a beast 
Nasillard, e. a. one who speaks 

through the nose 
NasUier, vn. to * speak through 

Nasse, sf. an osier fish-net 
Natal, e. a. natal, nntivs 



Natatioa,«/.fA« art of swimming 
Natif, ve. a. native, bom 
Nation, sf nation, race, tribe 
National, e. a. national 
Nativity, sf. nativity, birth 
Nalte, a mat, twist 
Natter, va. to twist, plait 
Nattier, sm. a mat-maker 
Naluralisation, sf. —xation 
Naturaliaer, va. to natundite 
NaturaJiste, sm. a naturalist 
Naturalitd, sf. being a native 
Naturel, le. a. natural, native, 

free, ingenuous, plain 
Naturel, sm. nature,eonstitution, 

genuine temper, humanity 
Naturelleincnt, ad. naturally, 

plainly, fret ly 
Naval, e. a. naval 
Nav^e, sf. a bargeful 
Navet, sm. a turnip {jroot) 
Navette, sf. rape-seed; shuttle; 

smtUl vessel; pig of lead 
NaufVage, sm. shipwreck 
Naufrag^, e. a. wrecked, damag- 
Navigable, 2. a. navigable 
Navigateur, sm. —gator, sailor 
Navigation, sf. — tion, voyage 
Naviger, Naviguer, v. to navi- 
gate, to sail, steer 
Navire, sm. a ship, vessel, sail 
— • de guerre, man of war 
— marcband, merchant-jnan 
Naalage, bbuMb, freight, fare 
Naumachie, sf a mock sea-fight 
Navrer, va. to wound, *be sorry 
Naus^e, sf. a qualm, retching 
Nautique, 2. a. nautical 
Nautonnier, sm. a mariner, a 

Ne, ad. not, no 
Nd, e. a. barn 
N^anmoins, c. nevertheless 
N^ant, sm. nothingness 
Ndbuleiix, se. a. cloudy, dark, 

Nebula, e. a. cloud-like 
Ndcessaire, a. necessary 
N^cessalre, sm. competency 
N^ceasairement, ad. necessarily, 
« infallibly 

Ndcessitant, e. a. necessitating 
Ndcessii^, sf necessity, need 



NftcesBtt^ pi. ueectsariea 

N^cesBiUsri v/u to necestitate^ 

N^cessiteuz, «e. a. neeeooitouOi 

indigoKt^ poor [dead 

N^crologe, «iii. register of the 
N^cromancie, sf. —ancy 
N^croiuancien, ne. «. — i»aii««r, 

Nectar, am, neetax. good wine 
Nef, of nave or bodif of a church, 

N^fle, sf. a medlar 
Ndfiier, sm. a medlar-tree 
N^tif, ve. a. negative 
Negation, sf. —turn 
Negative, negative^ refusal 
Nftgativement, ad. —vely 
I«6glig6, sm. tmdress 
N^gligemment, ad. negligently 
N^igence, sf. negligence 
Ndgligent, e. a. negligent 
N^gliger, va. to negleU^ slight 
N6goce, sm. trade^ commerce 
N6gociable, 2. a. negoeiable 
N^gociaDt, sm. mei chanty dealer 
JN^goCiateur, a negociator 
N6gociation, sf. negociation 
N6gocier, va. to trade^ negociate 
N^gre, n^grcsse, s. a negro 
N^grerie, sf. negro yard 
N^grier, «{n. a Ouinea man 
N^grillon, ne. a Utile negro 
Nelge, sf. snowj whiteness 
Neiger, v. imp. to snow * 

Neigeux, se. a. snowy 
N«m6eiui, a. m. pi. J^emean 
Ndnies, sf. pi. nenia 
Neimi, ad. no indeed m 
Nenuphar, sm. waUr-lily 
N6olc^e, ef. the making of new 

N6o)ogique, S. a. -^al 
N^ologisme, sm. —gism 
N^ologae, —gist 
Neophyte, 8. s. new convert 
N^phr^tique, 2. a. «. nephritic^ 

N^potisme, sm. nepotism 
N6r6ide| sf. seamy mph 
Nerfl am. sinew^ nerve^ hand 
Nerf optique, optic or visual 

Nerf de boBuf, a buWa piiiU 
If 6roU, am. eaaanu of orangsf 


Nerpnin, buckthorn 
Nerrer, va. to cover with sinews 
Nerveax, ae. a. nervous, brawny 
Nervin, a. nervine 
Nervure, sf. a twist, round 
Neryures,p2. mouldings, edging 
Net, te.a.neat,cleanly,clear,clean 
Net, ad. clearly, cleverly 
Netteinent, ad. neatly, plainly 
Nettet6, ef. cleanness, plainness 
Nettpyement, sm. cleaning 
Nettbyer, va. to clean^ scour^ to 

clear, to * eweep 
Neveu, r/A. a nephew 
Neuf, 2. a. nine 
Neuf, sm. a mine 
Neuf, ve. a. new, unexperienced 
Neutratement, ad. neutrally 
Neutrality, sf. neutrtaity 
Neutre, 2. a. neuter, neutral 
Neuvaiue, af. a nine days* devo- 
NeuvUme, 2. a. ». ninth 
Neuvidme, sm. ninth part 
Neuvi^ment, ad. ninthly 
Nez, am. a nose 
Nez d nez, face to face 
Ni, e. neither, nor 
Niable, 2. a. deniajble 
Niais, e. a. silly, single 
Niaia, c. s. simpleton 
Niaisement, ad. sillily 
Niaifier, vn. to * stand trifling 
Niauerie, af. silliness . 
Nice, 2. a. aiUy (old) 
Niche, af. niche; roguish trick 
Nich^e, whole nest of birds 
Nich^e de souris, brood of mice 
Nicber, v. to place, nestle 
Nlchet, sm. nest-egg 
Niehoir, breeding cage 
Nid, a nest 

Nidoreux, euse. a. musty 
Ni^ce, af. a niece 
Nielle, mildew, blast 
Nicller, va. to blast, mildew 
Nier, to deny, disown 
Nigaud, e. a. s. sUly, simpleton 
Nigauder, vn. to play the fool 
Nigauderie, sf. aiUinesst silly 

NiUe, vine tendril 
Nimbe, glory (in painting) 
Nippet} va. to rig out, fumish 
Nippes, gooda^ clothea 


Nique, faire la nHqne, to * make 
game of 

Niquedoullle, sm.sHly simpleton 

Ni louche, sf. demure hypocrite 

Nitre, sm. nitre 

Nitreux, se. a. nitrous 

Nitri6re, pf. nitrous vein of earth 

Niveau, sm. level 

Niveler, va. to level 

Nivelcur, sm. leveller, tr\fler 


Nivette, sf. sort of peach 

Nobiliaire, sm. book of peerage 

Noble, 2. a. s. noble, nobleman 

Noblement., ad. nobly 

Noblesse, sf. nobility, nobleneaa 

Noce, noces, marriage, nuptiaia 

Noce, wedding, the company at 
a wedding 

Nocher, «nt. a pilot, steersman 

Noctambule, s. one who walks vk 
his sleep; noetambulist 

Noctiluque, 2. a. shining in the 
dark • 

Nocturne, 2. a. sm. nocturnal^ 
the planet F'enua 

Nodus, sm. nodua, node [rol 
No^I, Christmas; Christmas ca' 
Noeud, knot; stress; tie; knue- 
kle; node; knob; band; tV 
Nolr, e. a. black, base, dismal 
Noir de fum^e, sm. lampblack 
Noir,»m.a black, negro, the black 
Noiratre, 2. a. blackish 
Noiraud, e. a. s. dark, tawny 
Noirceur,sf. blaekncss,black spot 
Noireir, v. to blacken, asperse 
Noircissure, sf. blackening, a 

black spot r 

Noire, a crotchet 
Noise, strife, squabble 
Noisette, haid-nut; filbert 
Noisetier, sm. a hazel-tree 
Noix, sf. a walnut 
Noix de galle, a gall-nut 
Noix du genou, knee-pan 
Noix conAtes, candied nuts 
Noli me tangere, sm, a thorny 

plant, a bad ulcer 
Nolis, ou nolissement, sm. hiring 

of a ship 

Noliser, va. to hire a ship 
Nom, sm. name, noun, fame 
I Nomade,2. a. wandertngytrrawi 


Nomine, «m. number, m«ny 
Komlve nombrunt, multiplier 

— nombr^, mtiUiplieand 

— d'or, golden nuraber 
Nombreri oa. to number^ to* tell 
Nombreux, se. a. numerou* 
Nombril, sm, the navel 
Nome, liuDy order . * [brance 
Nomenclateur, — tor, remem- 
Nomenclateur, sf. vocabulary 
Nominatif, novuTiative case 
Nomination, sf. nomination^ ad- 


Nomindment, ad. namely, par- 

Nommer, vd. to name^ nominate 

Nonpariel, le. a. maUMesr 

Nonpareille, sf. crimp riband, 
nonpareil; smaU sort of sugar- 

Non, ad. no, not 

Non-sealemeat, ad, not only 

Nonag^halre, 2. a. ntnatjr jfears 
of age 

Konante^ niriety 

Nonantieme, 3, a. ninetieth 

Nonce, sm. a nuncio 

Nonchalamment, ad. supinely, 

Nonchalance, 9/. negligence, eu- 

Nonchalant, e. a. s. supine, neg- 
ligent, careless 

Nonciatiue^ sf. nundature 

Nonconformiste, s. a nonconfor- 
mist, a dissenter 

Nonconformity, sm. — mity 

Nones, nones, prayer 

Nonnain, sf. a nun 

Nonnaat, sm. a kind of sprat 

Nonnc, nonnette, sf. a nun 

Nonobstant, jir. notwithstanding 

Nonpair, e. a. odd, not even 

Non-payement, sm. want of pay- 

Non plus Qltra, ad. utmost 

Non-r6sidence, sf. want of resi- 

NonvaleuT, deficiency, waste 

Non-vuBj/oo-, misty loeather 

Non-usage, sm. disuse 

Hord, north 

Nord-est, north-east 

Nord-oaest, northwest 


'S.oe, pr. pi. our 
Nota, «m. note, mark 
Notable, 2. a, eminent, remark- 
Notablement, ad. notably 
Notables, sm. pi. chief men 
Notaire, a notary, scrivener 
Notamment, ad. especially 
Notariat, sm. notary^s buMTiess 
Notari6, e. a. settled by a notary 
Note, */. noU, remark 
Noter, va. to observe, note 
Noterd'infamie, to brand, to dis- 
Noteur, sm. copier of music 
Notice, sf. account, knowledge 
Notification, — tion, declaration 
Nbtifier, va. to notify, signify 
Notion, sf. notion, idea 
Notoire, 3. a. notoriotts, plain 
Notoirement, ad. manifestly 
Notori6t6, sf. notorie^ 
Notre, »r. our 
Les notres, pi. our people or 

Novate, sf. new ploughed land 
Novateur, sm. an innovator 
Nou6, e. tied; ricketty 
Novembre, sm. J^ovember 
Nouement, tying 
Nouer, va. to tie, to * knit; join 
Se nouer, vr. to * set, to * knit 
Noueux, se. a. knotty 
Nougat, sm, cakes made of al- 
monds and hoTtey [eelli 
Nouilles, sf. pi. German vermi- 
Noulet, sm. a drain 
Novice, 2. a. s. novice, raw 
Noviciat, sm. probation-time 
Novissim^, ad. lately, just now 
Nourrain, sm. young fry 
Nourrice, sf. a wet nurse 
Nourricier, e. a. nutritive; fos- 
Nourrir, va. to nourish, * feed, 

suckle, * nurse up, instruct 
Se— , vn. to live or feed upon 
Nourrissant, e. a. nourishing 
Nourrisseur, sm, a. gralier, a 

cow- keeper 
Nourrisson, sm. foster-child 
Nourrissons des muses, ou du 
Famasse, pi. Jlpollo's som, 
Noorriture, sf.foSd; breeding 



Nou8,pr. we, us, to us 
Noveau, nouvel, le. a. new 
Nouveaut^, sf. newness, novelty, 

innovation, change 
Nouvelle, news; a novel 
Nouvelle apocryphe, dovb^ul 

piece of news 
Nouvellement, ad. newly 
Nouvelliste, em. newsmonger, 

Noyale, sf, coarse canvass 
Noyau, sm. the newel of a wind- 
ing staircase 
Noyau, the stone of a fruity ker- 
nel, mould 
Noyer, walnut-tree 
Noyer, va. to drown 
Se -^,vr.lo* be drowned; drown 

one's self 
Noyon, n6yon, sm. the end of a 
u, nue, a. naked, plain 
Nu, sm. a naked part 
Nuage, a cloud, mist 
Nuageux, se. cloudy 
Nuaison, sf. a settled wind 
Nuance, shadowing 
Nuancer, va. to shade, variegate 
Nub^cule, sf. a spot on the reti- 
na of the eye 
Nubile, a. marriageable 
Nubility, sf. marriageable age 
Nudity, sf. nakedness, nudity 
Nue, a cloud, sky 
Nue, a. s. vid. Nu 
Nu6e, sf. a cloud, swarm, crowd 
Nucment, ad, candidly 
Nuer, va. to shadow, to blend va- 
rious colours 
Nuire, vn. to * hurt, annoy 
Nuisance, sf. — ce, damage 
Nuisible, 2.a. hurtful, prejudicial 
Nuit, sm. night 
Nuitamment, in the night 
Nuit6e, sf. a nighVs expense at 

an inn, a nighVs work 
Nul, le. a. void; none; not one; no 
Nullepart, ad. no where 
NuUe, sf. a. null; unmeaning 
Nullemcnt, ad. by no means 
Nullit6, •/. nullity, error 
Nuin^ralre, 2. a. numcrary 
Numeral, e. a. numeral 
Num6rateur, sm. —tor 
Num6ralion, */. —tion 



Num^rique, S. a. numerieal 
Num6riquement, ad. exactly, 

precise number 
Num^ro, sm. nutnber 
Num^roter, va. to numberf to 

mark toith a number 
Numismatique, 2. a. — matie- 
NumiBmatbxraphie, sf. —pkf 

h e. knowledge of ancient me 

dale and coins 
Nuncupatif, ve. a. —tive, verbal^ 

JtTuptla], e. a. nuptial^ bridal 
Nuque, sf. nape of the neck 
Nutrltif, ve. a. nutritive 
Nutrition, sf. —Hon 
Nyctalope, 2. «. owl-eyed 
Nymphe, */ nymphs nympka 
Nymph^e, pubUe bath 


Of wit. oh! 
• O (a, now, well now 
Obedience, gf. obedience 
Ob^dicncier, sm. obedieniary 
Ob^dientel, le. a. —tial 
OWir, m. to obey; * bend; * he 

easy; * be wrought 
Ob^iasance, sf. obedience^ sub- 
Ob^iseant, e. a. obedient 
Ob^Iisque, mi an obelisk 
Ob6rei', va. to * run in debt 
Objecter, va. to object, reproach 
Objectif, sm. object-glass 
Objectif, ve. a. —tive, ideal 
Objection, sf.^—tion^ difficulty 
Obier, sm. maple-tree 
Objet, oMect^ atm, motive 
Obit, a dirge, obit 
Obituaire, book of burials 
Oblat, oblat; disabled soldier 
Oblation, sf. oblation^ offering 
Obligation, obligation^ bond 
Obtigatoire, S. a. obligatory 
Obligeamment, ad. obligingly, 

Obiigeance, sf. kind temper^ good 

Obligeant, e. a. obliging^ kind 
Obligcr, va. to oblige; *bind 
Obliaue, a. obttfue^ frarnddhus^ 


OUiquement, ad. obUquefyi slop- 

ingly, fraudulously 
Obliquite, sf. obliquity 
Oblong, ne. a. oblong 
Obole, sf. obole, a base coin of 

Obctmbfer, va. to coneealy cover, 

Obreptice, 2. a. surreptitious 
Obreption, sf. —tion 
Obscene, 2. a. obscene, filthy 
Ob«:6nit^, sf. obscenity 
Ohecur, e. a. dark; gloomy 
Obscurcir, va. to darken; dim 
S'obscurcir, vr. to grow dark; 

carcisBement, sm. darkening, 

Obscur^nient, eid. obscurely 
Obscurity, sf. obseurity,darkness 
Obsecrations, sf. pi. — tions 
Obs^der, v. to * besety possess 
ObsSques, sf. pi. obsequies 
Observance, observance, Hte 
Observateur, rice. *. observer 
Observation, sf. —tion, remark^ 

observance, keeping 
Obscrvatoire, «iii. —tory 
Observe, va. to observe, watch 
S'obs^Tcr, vr. to* be upon one^s 

guard; to watch one's self 
ObBCKAon^f. obsession, besetting 
Obsidional, e. a. —nal 
Obstacle, sm. obftacle^ bar 
Obetinatlon, sf. obstinacy 
Obstin^, a. s. stuItborUf obstinate^ 

Obstin^ment, ad. obstinately 
S'obetiner, vr. to persist, to * be 

obstinate [stopping 

Obstnlctif, ve. a. obstructive. 
Obstruction, sf. obstruction, 

stoppage, hinderance 
Obstruer, va. to obstruct 
Obtemp^rer, va. to obey 
Obtenir, va. to obtain^ * get 
Obtention, sf. obtaining 
Obtus, e. a. obtuse, duU 
Obvier, vn. to obviate 
Obus, Obusier, sm. howitzer 
Oca, cavi, sm. a kind of JJmeri- 

>n, i/. oeeasum, opportw 


Occasionellement, ad. -^UUf 
Occasionner, va. to occasion., f# 

caitscy to produce 
Occident, sm. west, decline 
Occidental, e. a. western 
Occipital, e. a. — tal 
Occiput, sm. occiput 
Occiief va. to * slap^ to kill 
Occision, sf. murder 
Occultation, ^tion 
Occulte, 2. a. oceuU, secret 
Occupant, e. s. an occupier 
Occupation, sf. occupationf bw 

sinessy. employment 
Occup^f e. a. busy, taken up 
Occuper, va. to * take up ; axr 

ploy; possess; * hold; plead 
S'occuper, vr. to busy one's self 
Occurrence, sf. occurrence^ eveni 
Occurr^ut, e. a. bceurring; ind" 

Oc^an, sm. the ocean 
Ochlocratie, power of the mob^ 

Ochre, Ocre, */. oker 
Octant, sm. a quadrant 
Octaiite, 2. a. eighty 
Octanlieme, 2. a. etghtieth 
Octave, sf. octave, diapason 
Octavine, small spinnet 
Octavo, sm. an octavo 
Octobre, October 
Octog6naire, 2. a. s. octogauariF 

an, eighty years of age 
Octogone, £ a. sm. octangular 
Octroi, sm. grant 
Octioyer, va. to grant 
Octuple, 2. a. eight-fold 
Oculaire, 2. a. ocular 
Oculairement, ad. visibly 
Ocullste, sm. an oculist 
Ode, sf. an odcy a hymns 
Odeur, odour^ smelly scent^ fra- 
grance [lieiouslf 
Odieusement, ad. odiouslyy mo- 
Odieux, se. a. odiousy heinous 
Odom^tre, sm. odometer 
Odontalgic, sf. toothach 
Odorant, e. a. odorousy fragrant 
Odorat, sm. smelly smelling 
Odorif^rant, e. a. odoriferous 

sweet smtUingy fragrant 
Oecum^nique, 2. a. —nieal 
Oeil, sm. eye; bud; gloss 
Ocil«raille bloodshot sy^ 


Oeil de IxBof, an t/wd 
Oeillade, »f. ogle, Uer^ glem^ 
Oeillader, va. to *-ea8t a sheep* s 

eft; to ogle 
Oeillere, »f. a koree'e eyo-fiap 
OeilJet, am. eamation, pink 
Oeillet, an eyelet kole • 
Oeilleteri^, sf. a bed of earnor 

tiono and pinks 
Oeilleton, sm. swiker of a pink 
OeUIetonner, va. to take suckers 

of plants 
Oenas, sm. a wild pigeon 
Oeaophage, -^kagust windpipe 
Oeuf, egg, spawn, roe 
Oeav6, e. a. har'Shroed 
Oeavre, */. work, action 
Ofienflant, e. a. offensive 
Offense, sf. offence, trespass, 

sin; it^wry; abuse 
OfferuA, sm. the party offended 
Offenser, va. to offend, injure 
S*offeiLaer, vr. to be angry 
Offenseur, sm. an offender 
Offensif, ve. a. offensive 
OffbDBive, sf. assault, attack 
Offensivement, ad. —vely " 
Offene, sf. offering 
Offertoire, sm, the offertory 
Office, offiMi; part; good turn 
Office, sf. a buttery, pantry 
Official, sm. official 
Officiality, sf. doctors* commons, 

episcopal court 
Officiant, a. s. officiating priest 
Officier, vn. to officiate 
Officier, sm. officer, butler 
Officieusement, ad. officiously, 

obUgtngly, friendly [offi^ous 
Officieiix, ee. a. obliging, kind, 
Offrande, sf. an obhUion 
Offrant, a. s. bidder 
Offre, sf. offer, proffer, tender 
Offrir, va. to offer, * bid, tender 
Offiisquer, to darken, cloud, e- 

clipse, daztle 
'^ , sm. an ogre, glutton 

Oh! inLholoe c 
Oie, sf. a goose 
Oies, */. jH. geese 
— petite oie, giblets, trimndngs 
Oignement, sm. ointment 
Oignon, an onion, root 
OignoneUe, ^m. small onion 
OI$nonidre, • bod of oniono 


Oille, ogUo, rich soup 
Oindre, va. to anoint 
Oing^«m. cart-grease 
Oiseau, a bird, a hod 
Oiseler, va. to *go a fowling 
Oiseleur, sm. bird-catcher ^ 
Oiselier^ a bird-seller, fowler 
OiseUene, sf. bird-selling 
Oiseux, se. a. idly, lazy 
Oislf, ve. a. idle, not busy- 
Oisillon, ^m. young or little bird 
Oisivenient, ad. idly 
Oisivet^ sf. idleness, laziness 
OisoD, sm. a gosling, ninny 
Ol^agineuz, se. a. oleaginous 
OI6andre, sm. rosebay 
Olfactif, olfactoire, a. s. olfacto- 

Olibrius, sm. conceited fool 
Oligarchie, */. —chy 
Oligarchiqae, 3. a. —cMcal 
Olira, ad. formerly 
Olivaison, */. crop of olives 
Olivitre, 3. a. olive-coloured 
Olive, */. olive 
Olivette, sort of fenugreek; 

Olivettes, pi. tAd haymakers (a 

country dance) 
Olivier, sm. an olive-tree 
Olympe, sm. Olympus, sky 
Olympiade, sf. olympiad 
Olympien, ne. a. Olympic 
Oiympiques (jeux,) sm. pi. olyntr 

pic games 
Ombelle, sf. pi. umhel 
Ombellifdre, 2. a. umbelliferous 
Ombilical, e. a. umbilical 
Ombrage, sm. shade, umbrage 
Ombrager, im. to shade 
Ombrageux^ se. a. skittish; sus- 
picious, jealous 
Ombre, sf. shade, shadow, ghost; 

protection, pretence 
Onibrer, va. to shadow, shade 
Ombreiu, se. ' a. umbrageous, 

Om^ga, sm. last letter of the 

Oreek alphabet; end; the loto- 

Omelette, sf. omelet, paincake 
Omettre, va. to omit, leave out 
Omission, sf. omission, neglect 
Omniscience, omnisdenea 
Omoplate, «A««M^ bladf 



On, pr. it, they, one, somebody, a 

man, people 
On dit, it is reported, they say 
One, onques, ed. never 
Once, sf. ounce 
Once (sorte de pantb^re,) an 

Oncle, sm. am uncle 
Onctton, sf. unction, grace 
Onctueux, se. a. unctuous, oily 
Onctuoeit^, sf. unctuosity 
Onde, a wave, surge, biU(At 
Ond^e, slMwer 
Ondoiement, sm. a private bap- 

Ondoyant, e. a. widulary 
Ondoyer, vn. to undulate, wave^ 

Ondulation, sf. undulation 
Onduler, vn. to wave, undulate 
On^raire, a. (tuteur) guardian 

in trust 
On^reux, se. a. onerous^ burden^ 

OngIe,w«in. a nail, claw 
Ongi6, a. armed {in heraldry) 
Ongl6e, sf. a numbness of tho 

fingers* ends; whitlow 
Onglet, sm. a sharp graver; tn- 

verted comma 
Onguent, salve, ointment 
Onirocrilie, sf. interpretation of 

Onocrotale, sm. a bittern / 

Onomatopee, sf, likeness of a 

word with the thing it signifies 
Oiyx, sm. onyx, precious stone 
Onze, 2. a. sm. eleven 
Onzi^me, 2. a. eleventh 
—, sm. eleventh part 
Onzi^mement, ad. in the eleventh 

Oolites, sm. pi. petrified little 

Opacit'6, sf. opacity, darkness 
Opale, opal, precious stone 
Opaque, 2. a. opaque, dark 
Op^ra, sm. opera; master-piece^ 

troublesome business 
Op^rateur, operator, quack 
Operation, sf. -^tion, effect 
Op6ratrice, a female operator, or 

Op6rer, va. to operate, work, ot 

138 ORA ORE. 

Oraifloii,«/.«peeeft, oratunt^ P^cit" 
Oral, e. a. oral [er 

Orange, sf. orange 
Orang^, e. a. orange-coloured 
Orangead, «/. orange sherbet 
Oraogeat, »m. orange chips 
Oranger, an orange-tree 
Orangerie, sf. a green-house^ an 

Orateur, sm. an orator 
Oratoire, 2. a. oratorial 

, Ml. a house-chapel 

Oratoirement, ad. oraiqr-Uke 
Orbe, «m. orfr, circle 
— , 2. a. obscure^ dark^ hid 
Orbiculaire, 2. a. —larj round 
Orbicolairement, ad. —larly 
Orbite, sf. orbit; socket of the eye 
OrcheBtique, art of dancing 
Orcheatre, cm. orchestra 
Orchia, arehisj satyrion 
Ord, e. a. nasty; filthy 
Ordatte, sf. ordeal^ trial 
Ordinaire, sm. the post, a cou- 
rier; an ordinary; commons^ 
Ordinaire, 2. a. ordinary; vul- 
gar.— A Tordinaftre, as usual 
Onllnairement, ad. ordinarily, 

Ordinal, a. —nal; sm. ritual 
Ordinand, sm. one that is to be 

Ordinant, a bishop^ Src. v>ho con- 
fers the holy orders 
Ordination, sf. —tion 
Ordonnance, ordinance ; pre- 
scription; voarrant 
Ordonnateur, sm. disposer ^ 
Ordonner, «a. to order ^ dispose; 

prescribe; ordain 
Ordre, sm. order^ rate^ disposi- 
tion, toord, warrant 
Ordure, sf. filth, dust, sweepings, 

Ordurier, sm. dust-basket 
Ordurier, e. a. s. obscene talker 
Ore, sm. treasure, mine 
Or^e, sf. the skirts of a wood 
Oreillard, e. Orillard, e. a. wide- 
eared, as a horse 
Oreille, sf. the ear, fold 
Oieiiler, sm. a pillow 

IOreillelte, sf. the auricle of the 
heart; wire for the ear 

Ophite, a. s. greem yellowisk mar> 

Opiat, sf. opiate 
Opinant, sm. a voter, opinator 
Opiner, vn. to vote; to * give 

one's opinion 
Opiner du bonnet,tovoteasothers 
OpiniAtre, 2. a. s. obstinate, stiff 
Opinifttr^ment, ad, obstinately, 

Opinl&trer, va. to maiidain ob- 
stinately; to render obstinate 
8'opinifttrer, vr. to be obstinate 

in a thing, to * be bent 
OpiniiLtret6, sf. obstinacy 
Opinion, optKurn; mind; bdief^ 

conceit; vote 
Opium, sm. opium 
Opilatif,ve. a.— Ct««, obstructive, 

Opilation, sf. — tion, obstruction 
Opiler, va. to obstruct 
Opportun, e. a. of need^ convo' 

nient, seasonable 
Opportunity, sf. —nity 
Opposant, e. a. opponent 
Oppoaer, va. to oppose, allege 
Opposite, 2. a. sm. opposite 
Opposition, sf. opposition, km- 

derance, exception 
Oppreaser, va. to * oppress 
Oppreaeeur, sm. oppressor 
Opptesaif, ve. a. oppressive 
Oppreasion, */. oppression 
Opprimer, vn. to oppress 
Opprobre, sm. disgrace, reproach 
Optatif, optative mood 
Opter, va. to * choose 
Opticienj sm. an optician 
Opticiame, optimity, the best 
Optimiate, optimist 
Option, sf. choice, option 
Optique, 2. a. sf. optics, optic 
Opulcinment, ad. plentifully 
Opulence, sf. opulence, riches 
Opulent, e. a. opulent; rich 
Opuntia, */. Indian fig-tree 
Opuscule, sm. a smaU piece 
Or, sm. gold; or, {in heraldry) 
Or, c. but, now, and 
Or, (a, now 
Or sua, come on 
Oracle, sm. oracle 
Orage, a storm, broils 
Oiageux, le. a. stormy 


Or^mna, sm, prayer, orison, ud 

Orfevre, a goldsmith 
Orfevrerie, sf. a goldomWCs 

ware or trade 
Orfraie, screech-owl 
Organe, sf. organ; moana 
Organique, 2. — nical 
Organisation, sf. —tion 
Organiser, va. to organize 
Organiste, s. an organist 
Organsin, sm. sort of twisted silk 
Organsiner, va. to twist silk 
Orga£me,«m. orgasmus,swelling 
OrgCj 9f. barley 

Orgeat, cm. sugared barley-water 
Orgies, sf. pi. orgies, frantic re- 
Orgue, sm. Orguea, sf. organ; 

ship's scupper-holes 
Orgueil, sm. pride, loftiness 
Orgueilleuaement, ad. proudly 
OrgueiIleux,se. a. proud 
Orient, sm. east 
Oriental, c. a. eastern, oriental 
Orienter, va. to * set in an east- 
ward exposure 
S'orienter, vr. to consider where 

one is 
Orifice, s'n. an orifice 
Oriflamine, sf. orifiam, royal 

Origan, sm. wild marjoram 
Originaire, 2. a. originally issued 
Originairemcnt, ad. origintMy, 

Ori;>inal, e. a. original, primitive 
Original, sm. original, an odd 

Originality, sf. originally 
Origine, origin, cause 
Originel, le. a. original 
Originellemcnt, ad. — naUy 
Orignac, Original, sm. elk 
Orillard, e. a. wide-eared 
Orillon, sm, ear; handle; swell 

ing about the ear; casement 
Orin, buoy-rope 

Orion, Orion, a fine constellation 
Oripeau, tinsel, thin brass 
Orme, an elm 
Onneau, a young elm 
Ormille, sf. a bed ofyou^g Ama 
Orniin, sm. a. sort ofdimy 
Ormoie, sf. an elm-ploU 


One, Ml. a wld tul 
Omement, ornament, ael-of 
Omar, «a. to adorn, embelUsh 
OniUre, «/. a wkeel-rut 
Omittaogale, star (^f Beihiehem, 

n plant 
OraHbologie, ~2o^ 
Oroitbologiate, sm. — legist 
Omitbomancie, sf. —money 
Omobancbe, ekokeueed 
Orpaillear, «m. eoUecter of gold 

Orphelin, e. a. a. an orphan 
Orpiment, sm, orpiment 
Orpia^ irrpiment 
Orteil, a toe 

Orthodoze, 3. a. a. orthodox 
Oitbodoxie, sf. —dozy 
Ortbographet — pAy, spelling 
Oitbographie, -^Ay, projile 
Ortbographier, va. to spell, fx* 

Orthc^tiphique, 2. a. — tcoZ 
Ortbographiste, sm. —grapher 
Orthop^die, sf. good nursing of 

Ortie, sf, a nettle 
Ortolan, am. an ortolan 
Orvale, sfi dary 
Orvi^tan, sm. orvietan 
Os, a bone 

Oscillation, */. —Hon 
Oscillatoire, 3. a. —tory 
Osq^ler, vn. to move like a pen 

Oaky e. a. darings bold 
Oseille, sf. sorrel 
OaaTi vn. to * dare; * be so bold, 

Oseraie, */. an osier-plot 
Qgier, am, an oaisr^ wicker 
Oflselet, amaU bone; eoekaU 
Osaemens, pi. bonea; boniaof 

dead bodiea 
Oaseax, se. a. bony 
Oasification, sf. —tion 
Ossifier, va. to ossify 
Oflsifrague, sf. a large eagle 
OseAlIoQ, sm, oasicUy smaU bone 
OsBU, e. a. large boned 
Oat, sm. host, army 
OrtenaUe, 3. a. --hie 
09tentation,j/. osteniaUon,vain- 

glory, parade 
Oit^ogie, —logy 


Ostracde, 3. a. ostraeeoua 
Ostracisme, sm. -'cism 
OsuacU^, sf. ostracities 
Ostrelin, sm. easterling 
Ostrogot, barbarian, clnon 
Otage, a hostage 
Ota^ie, sf. a pain in one*s ear 
OVt, ad, except, save, but 
Oter, va. to * take away, pull off, 



Ottomane, 9f. a large sopha, a 

OO) e. or, either, else 

Qn, ad. where, whither; wherein, 
/ in which; to what 

^uaille, sf.fiock of a pastor 

Ovaire, sm. ovary 

Ouais ! irU. hey-day ! laek-a-day ! 

Ovale, 3. a. sm. oval 

Ouatc, sf. wadding 

Ouater, va. to furnish with wad- 

OvMMa,8f. —tion,amaU triumph 

Oahl\,8m.forgetfulness, oblivion 

Oublie, sf. a wafer 

Oubflerjro. to * forget, to * leave 
out ^ 

S'oublier,or.eo * forget onc^s self 

Oubliettes, sf. pi. a dttngeon 

Oublieur, sm. a wafer-man 

Ouhlieuzy'se. a. forgetful 

Ouest, sm. west 

Oatlint. Olpho! 

Oui, ad. sm. yes, ay 

Oui-d&, yes indeed 

Oul-dire, sm. hearsay 

Oiiie, sf. the hearing 

Ouj'efl, gills {of fishes) 

Oyipare, 8. a. oviparous 

Oair, va. to hear 

Ouragan, am. a hurricane 

Ourdir, va. to ♦ warp; * frame; 
to brew; plot 

OurdisBoir, sm. weaver's beam 
or loom 

Ourdi^ure, sf. warping 

Ourler, va. to hem 

Ourlet, sm. a hem 

Oure, a bear 

Oaree, */. a she-^ear 

Oorein, sm. sea hedgcho/r 

Ouraon. a beards euF 

OvaywA,reeailof apaekof hounds 

Outarde, •/. a bustard 

Oatardeau, sm. a youg bustard 

Otttil, a tool 

OutiU6,e. a. furnished with tools 
Outiller, va- to set vp, to settle 
Outrage, sm. outrage, injury, c^" 

Outrageant, e. a. outrageous 
Outrager, va. to affront in the 

most gross manner, to abuse 
Outrageusement, ad. —gerously 
Outrageux, ae. a. outrageous, 

Outrance, & outrance, k toute 

outrance, excessively 
Outre, sf. leather bottle, budget 
Oatre, ad. further, besides 
Outrd, e. a. incensed; grieved, 

rank; vered^ furious 
Cbeval outrd, horse quite spent 
Outrdment, ad. exceesively, bo- 

yond measure 
Outremer, s. beyond sea, nltrtt- 

Outre-meaure, ad. beyond meor 

sure, excessively 
Outre-paaser, va- to exceed 
Outrer,fo * overwork, * override, 

incense; *run into extremes; 

Ouvert, e. a. opfn frank, free 
Ouvertement, ad. openly, freely 
Ouverture, sf. an opening; hole; 

opportunity; hint; overture; 

— d'esprit, genius -^ 

Ouvrable, jour ouvrable, work- 
ing day 
0\iVT9ge,sm.worJc, workmanship 
Ouvragd, e. a. wrought, figured 
Ouvrer, v. to* wa¥J( 
Ouvreur, ae. s. boxkbeper at the 

Ouvrier, e. s. artificer, labourer, 

author, maker 
Ouvrir, v. to open, to begin 
S'ouvrir, vr. to open one's rnina 
Ouvroir, sm. a working-place 
Oyez, * hear; silence (old impe 

rative of the verb ouir) 

PACAGB, sm. pasture 
Pacager, tm. to rrats 
Paeant, sm. sorry fellow, poor 



Paeificateur, «m. pacifier 

Pacification, «/. —tion 

Pacifier, va. to pacify 

Pacifiquc, 3. a. peaceable^ pacific 

Pactfiquement, ad. peaceably 

PacotiiJc, sf. teaman^s ventvare 

Facte, »m. compact, treaty 

Pactiser, vn. to covenant 

Padou, sm. ferret; riband 

Faganiame, heathenisn 

Page, a page; ship-boy 

', */. page, aide of a leaf 

Pagne, a piece of cotton doth 
used by tJke negroes 

Pagne, sm. pungar {sea fish) 

Pagnote, s. eoward 

Pagode, sf apagod 

Paillaase, a straw bed 

, sm. merry-avdreto 

PaillaaaoB, garden^mat; umbrel- 
la for toindows 

Pallle, sf. straw, flaw, chaff 

Pailler, sm. farm-yard; barn- 
door; landin^place 

Paillet, sm. light red wine; boWs 
spring [stamina 

Paillette, »/• spangle; gold-sand; 

Pailleur, sm. a straw- seller 

Pailleuir, ease. a. brittle 

Palllon, sm. link; solder 

Pain, bread; loaf 

Pair, a peer; mate 

Paire, */. a pair; brace 

Pairease, a peeress 

Pairie, peerage; peerdom 

Pais, vid. Pays, Stc. 

Paisible, 2. a. peaceable, stiU, 

Paisiblement, ad. quietly 

Paissant, e. a. grazing iin he- 

Paisseau, sm. a prop for vines 

Paisseler, va. to * prop vines 

Paitre, va. to feed, graze 

Se paitre, to feed upon 

Paix, sf. peace, pax, blade-bone 
of mutton, ^e. 

Paladin, sm. knight-errant 

Palais, palace; court of judicor 
ture; the palate; taste 

Palanque, sf. fence 

Palanquer, va. to hoint 

Palanquin, sm. a sedan 

Paladn, a Palatine 

— , 0. a. Palatini 


Palatinat, sm. —naU 
Palatine, sf. a tivpet 
Pale, a dam; a sluice 
PkUs, 2. a. pale, wan 
Pal6e, sf. the flat of an oar; 

piles of a wooden bridge 
Palefrenier, sm. a groom 
Palefroi, palfrey, lady's horse 
Paleron, shoulder-blade 
Palestre, sf. u/restling place 
Palet, sm. a guoit 
Paleter, vn. to play at quoits 
Palette, sf. battledoor; painter* s 
pallet; prinUr's slice; por- 
P^leur, paleness 
i*alier, sm. a landing-plaee 
Palinodie, sf. recantation 
PAIir, va- to * grow pale 
Psiia,,sm. fence of pales 
Palissade, sf. palisade; . stake; 

hedge; row of trees 
Palissader, va. to palisade 
P&lissant, e. a. that grows pale 
Paiisser, va. to pale 
Palot, sm. silly clown 
Palliatif, ve. a. palliative 
^— , sm. a palliative 
Palliation, sf. palliation; exte- 
nuation; colouring 
Pallier, va. to palliate, colour 
Pallium, 8m.^paU, cloak 
Palmi Cbristi, —ti, (a plant) 
Paime, sf. a branch of the palm- 

— , sm. ahaiurs breadth 
Palmier, palm-tree; date-tree 
Palombe, sf. a kind of pigeon 
Palonneau, Palonner,«m.«pritt^- 

tree bar of a eoach 
Palpable, 3. a. palpable; clear 
PaJpablement, ad. palpably 
Pa]per,vii. to *feel 
Palpitant, e. a. panting 
Palpitation, sf. palpitation 
Palpiter, vn. to palpitate; fant 
Paltoquet, sm. a clown 
Se p&mer, vr. to swoon: faint 
Pamphlet, sm. a pamphlet 
P&moison, sf. a swoon, oi faint- 
Pampe, corn-leaves 
Pampre, sm. vine-leaves 
Pampr^, e. a. decked with vine 


Pan, sm. lappet; flap; pane: 

Panache, sf panacea 
Panache, sm. bunch offeathere; 

mixture of colours in aflover 

, */. a peah^ 

Se panacher, vr: to * be streaked 

with various colours 
Panade, sf. panado 
Se panader, vr. to. strut with m 

proud gait 
Panaec, sm. pasture price 
Panais, parsnip 
Panaris, whitlow, felon 
Pancaliers, sm. pi. sort of cab' 

Pancarte, sf. bill posted up 
Pancreas, sm. panereas^ or 

Pancr^atique, 3. a. panereatie 
Pandecies, «/. pi. pandects, oi 

Pandore, sf. pandora 
Pandou;',sm. Hungarian soldies 
Pan^gyrique, a panegyric 
Pan6gyristc, sm. a panegyrist 
Paner, va. to * do meat avet 

with crumbs of bread 
Panecr6e, sf. a basket-full 
Panels rie, pantry 
Panetier, sm. pantler 
Paneti6re,'^0/. shepherd^ s scrip 
Panic, Panicum, sm. miUet 
PanieU basket, hoop-pettico(U 
Panneau, sm. pannel; panet 

trap; snare 
Paneton, the key-bit 
Pansard, e. a» s. pauneh-beUied 
Panae, sf. paunch; guts 
Pansement,»iit dressing wounds; 

looking after 
Panser, vr. to * dress a woundj 

to look after a horse 
Pansu, e. a. s. paunch-bellied 
Pantalon, sm. —loon, buffoon 
Pantalonnade, sf. droll, dance, 

Panteler, vn. to pant 
Panthdon, sm. pantheon 
Panthdre, sf. a panther 
Panti^re, a draw-net 
Pantographe, sm. —graph 
Pantois, e. a. short-winded 
Pantomime, sm. —mime; atmjt 



Pantoulle, af. a sUpper 

Paon, ant. aveacock 

PaoDC, sf. a peahen 

PaonneaU) sm. yowoffpeaeoek 

Papa, papdj father 

Papable, 2. a. that may be made 
a pope 

Papal, e. a. papal 

Papaut6, sf. papaqf; popedom 

Pape, sm. the pope 

Pap^ai, woodeH bird to shoot at 

Papelard, e. s. a hypocrite 

Papelardise, sf. hypocrisy i 

Papeline, poplin 

Paperasse, old dusty vnitings^ 
waste paper 

Paperaaser, tm. * be ever scrib- 

Papesae, sf. a female pope 

Pap^terie, paper-mill^ paper- 
trade [tioner 

Papetier, e. s. paper-maker; sta- 

Papier, sm, paper; manuscript; 
book; writing 

Papier-monnoie, paper-money^ 

Papillaire, 3. a. papillary 

Papille, */. papilla; teat 

Papillea, sf. pi. small eminences 
on the tongue 

Papilloii) sm, a butterfly; a fop 

Papillonner, vn. to flutter about 

Papiilotage, «7n. the putting hair 
in papers 

PapiUote, sf, spangle; curling 

PapiUoter, va, to * put hair in 

, vn. to twinkle 

Paptsme, sm. popery 

Papiate, s. a papist [pish 

Papwtique, 2. a. papistical; po- 

Papot&tre, sm. a papist 

Pique, sf. the passover 

Paquerette, Raster-daisy 

P&ques cXoeea^pl. Rogation Sun- 

Piques fleuries, Palm Sunday 

Piques, Easter devotions 

Paque, Piqaeff, sm. Easter 

Paquei, packet; parcel; bundle 

Paque-bot, apacketrboat 

Paqueter, vn. to packet 

Paquifl, sm. pasture 

Par, «r. by; on; through; out; 


^f: f^l vt'A; oboat; in; 
over; at 
Par ou, which way 

— ici, this way 

— Id, that way; thereby 

— de li^ on the other side 

— tout, every where 

— tout oil, wherever ' 

— dessouB, under, underneath 

— dessus, overj on; upon 

— le baut, upwards 

— en baut, upwards 

— le bas, downwards 

— en bas, downwards 

— baut &. par bas, upwards and 

— de^a, this side 

— dedans, within 

— dehors, without 

-r- devant, before; forwards 

— derrierCj behind; backwards 
-^ ici par-la, ad. here and there 

— fois, sometimes 

— trop, too much 

— devers, by 

Farabote, sf. parable; parabola 
Paraboljque, 2. a. — Heal 
Paraboliqueraent, ad. —licaUy 
Parachevcment, sm. ending 
Parachever, va. to finish, end 
Parachronisme, sm. — nism 
Parachute, parachute 
Paraclet, the Comforter 
Parade; sf. parade; state; show; 

Paradigme, sm. —digm, model 
Paradis, paradise, t^e upper gal- 
Paradoxal, e. a. — doxical 
Paradoxe, sm. a paradox, an 

odd opinion 
Parafa, Parapho, a flourish add- 
ed to one's signature 
Parafer, Parapner, va. to sign 

with a flourish 
Parage, sm. part of the sea 

, extraction; lineage 

Paragngique, 2. a. —gical 
Paragraphe, sm. paragraph 
Paraguante, sf. pair of gloves, 

a present 
Parallaze, 9ara22ax 
Parallele, 2. a. sf. parallel 
- — , sm. comparison 
Parallelisme, —lism 



Parall^logramnie. —gram 
Paraiogisme, —gism 
Paralyser, va. to deprive of feel- 
ing; to numb 
PHxalya'ie, sf. a palsy 
Paralytique, 2. a. s. paralytic 
Parangon, sm. type; primer; 

model; black marble 
Parangonner, va. to compare 
Paranomasie, sf. affinity of 

Parant^ e. a. adorning 
Paranymphe, sm. public eulogh 

Paranympber, va. to praise 
Parapet, sm. parapet; breast- 
Paraphrase, sf paraphrase 
Paraphraser, va. to commentj to 

Paraphraste, sm. an expounder 
Parapluie, an umbreUa 
Parasange, sf. parasang 
Paraselene, sf. a mock moon 
Parasite, sm. a spungcr 
Paraeitiquc, sf. craft of a spun- 

Parasol, sm. an umbrella 
Paravent, folding screen 
Parbouillir, vn. to parboil 
Pare, sm..apark; a fold 
Parcage, sheep-folding 
Parcelle, */. aparcel; particle 
Parceque, e. because 
Parchemin, sm. parchment 
Parcheminerie, sf. place where 
parchment is made; parchr 
Paccheminier, sm. parchment- 
Parcourir, va. to travel over; 

* run over; survey 
Parderriere, ad. behind 
Pardessous, pr. underneath 
Pardessus, sm. over and above 

, pr. over; higher; beyond 

Pardevant, before; in presence 
Pardevers, by, against 
PaMon, sm. pardon; forgive- 
Pardonnable, 2. a. pardonable 
Pardonner, va. to pardon; * for- 
give; spare 
Pareil, le. a. t. like; equal. 



Pareillement, in like manner 

Par61ie,«/. a moek-sun; meteor- 
0U8 deception 

Parement, sm. facing of gar- 
tnente; free alone; pavement 
on the sides of streets; vum- 

Parent, relation; kinsman 

Parente, sf. ktnswoman 

Parentage, sm. —ge^ relations 

Parens, sm, pi. parents^ parent- 

Parent^, sf. kindred 

ParentSle, relations 

Parenth6se, parenthesis 

Parer, va. to * deck; * set off; 
parry; ward of; leeather 

Be parer, or. to adorn one*s self; 
boast of; avoid 

Par^re, sm. commercial decisions 

Paresse, sf, sloth^ idleness^ lazi- 

Paresser, on. to be indolent 

Paresaeiu, se. a. s, slothful; 
idle: lazy; sluggard 

Parfaire, va. to perfect 

Parfait, e. a. perfect, complete 

Parfait, sm. preterite 

Parfaitement, ad. perfectly 

Parfois, sometimes 

Parfondre, va. to melt 

Parfoumir, va. to complete 

Parfom, sm. perfume 

Parfumer, va. to perfume 

Parfumeur, se. s. perfumer 

Pari, sm. a wagers bet 

Pariade, sf. pairing tiau; brace 

Parier, va. to bet, *lay 

Pari6taire, sm. pellitiry of the 

Parieur, a better 

Parity, sf. parity^ eouality 

Parjure, 2. a. s. perjurer 

, sm. perjury 

Se paijurer, va. to * forswear 
one*s self 

Pwrlementf sm. parliament, ses- 

Parlementaire, 3. a. «. a whig 

Parlementer, on. to parley 

Parier, to * speak, talk 

Se — , or. to converse 

Parier, sm. speech; discourse 

Parlerie, sf. loquaeity, talki 

Parieur, se. s, a talker 


Parioir, sm. parlotr (m a mo- 
Parme, sf. a little round buckler 
Parmesan, sm. —san cheese 
Parmesane, sf. sort of anemony 
Parmi, pr. among, amidst 
Pamasse, sm. Pamassus,poetry, 

Parnassien, a. of or belonging to 

Mount Parnassus 
Parodie, sf. parody 
Paradicr, va. to parody 
Parodiste, sm. parodist 
Parol, sf. partition wall 
Paroir, sm. a farrier's buttress 
Paroisse, */. a parish 
Paroissial, e. a. parochial 
Paroissien, ne. s.varishiener 
Paroitre, on. to ^appear, * look 
Parole, sf. word; speech 
Paroli, .^-m.paroli 
Parotide, */. parotis 
Paroxisme, am. paroxysm 
Parque, sf. destiny, fate 
Parquet, va. to park, fold* 
Parquet, sm. bar of a court of 

justice; inlaid fioor 
Parquetage, inlaid work 
Parqueter, va. to * inlay 
Perrain. sm. a godfather 
Parricide, 2. a. s. parricide 
Parsemer, oa. to strew 
Parsimonie, sf. —many 
Part, part; concern; share; 

side; place. A part, aside. 

Nulle part, no where 

Partage, sm. p. share,lot,'di'Dision 
Partager, oa. to share, divide 
Parlance, sf. saiUnff, departure 

of a ship V 

Partant, c. therefore, wherefore 
Parterre, «in. flower-garden, 
grass-plot; pit of a play-house 
Parti, party; means; offer; re- 
solution; place; side; way 
Partial, e. a. partial 
Partialement, ad. partially 
Se partialiser, or. to be * partial 
Partiality, sf. partiality 
Participant, e. a. partaker 
Participation, sf. —tion, share 
Participe, sm, —pie, partner 
Participer, on. to partake 
Partici^ariaer, oa. to partieular- 


Particularity, sf.pvrHciUeuritg 

Particule, particle 
Particulier, e. a. particular, odA, 

Un particulier, private o|a» 
Particulieremeot, —eularly 
Partie, */. part; guaUJicationi 

sum; game; party; client; 

match *> I part of 

Partiel, le. a. not the whole, a 
Partir, on. to * set out, to * go; 

* go away; proceed; start; 

* spring; depart; *flow 
Partir, oa. to part, divide 
Partiteur, a divisor 

Partitlf, ve. a. partitive 
Partition, sf.-^tion, division 
Partout, ad. every where 
Parvenir, oa. to arrive, reach, 

* come to preferment, attain 
Parvis, sm. court Ifcfore a ckurck 

Parure,v/.)|nery; afCtre; drea§, 

Parures, pi. <shags; parings 
Pas, sm. step; pace; stile 
— , ad. no, not 
Pascal, e. a. paschal 
Pasquinade, sf. a lampoon 
Pa^uiniser, on. to slander 
Passable, 2. a. passable, tolert^U 
Passablemcnt, ad. so so 
Paasade, sf. going through, turn 
Passage, am. passage; way; toiJ 
Passager, e. a. passing; tram- 


— , c. s. a passenger 
Passage rement, ad. for a littlt 

while; lightly [veller 

Passant, sm. a passenger, a tra 
Passavarft, a passport 
Passe, sf. pass; channel; over* 

plus; way; hen-sparrow 
Pass^e, a, past; over; out of 

use; last; dead and gone 

■ sm. times past; things past 
Passe-droit, sm. indulgence; 

Possde, sf. passage of troops 
Passefleur, holly-hoek 
Passement, sm, orris, lace 
Passementer, oa. to tuner wJlk 

late, silk, ^c. 


Paaaementier, «a». a laeemoM 
Paase-partout, a masUr-key^ a 



port, a puasport 

pied, Scotch step 

poilf list of clotA 

Passer,* pass; excel; * go 
beyaikd; exceed; * covm or * go 
by; * skip; * out-run; aUow 

Se passer, or. to fade; * do with- 

Paaserage, sf. dittan^er 

Paasereau, sm. sparrow 

Paaae-roee, af. holy-hock 

tems, sm, pastime^ sport 

velours, eanarafUh 

Passeur, a ferryman 

Passibiiit^, sf. —Uty^ aptness to 

Passible, 3. a. —able; apt to 

Passif, ve. a. passive [suffer 

Passion, sf. passion^ love 

Passionne, e. a. passionately in 
love; prepossessed; greedy 

Passionn^ment, ad. passionately 

Passionner, va. to humour a tune^ 

Se passionner, or. to * have a 
strong desire; "^fall into a pas- 

Paamvement, ad. -^ely 

Passivet^, sf. passiveness^ pas- 

Paasoire, a colander^ strainer 

Pastel, sm. wood, pastel 

Pasteur, shepherd; pastor; mi- 

Pastille, sf. Jl^stil; crayon 

Pastoral, e. a. — roi, rural 

Pastorale, sf. a pastoral 

Pastoralement, ad. like a good 

Pastoureau, sm. a swain 

Pastourelle, sf. a lass 

Patache, advice-boat 

Patagon, sm. apataeoon 

Putarafle, sf. a scrawly a dash in 

Patard, sm. the smallest coin 

Patate, sf. a potato 

Pat and, sm. thick-footed young 


Pataud, e. s. great plump boy or 


Patanger, vn. to waik »n muddy 

Pdte, sf, paste; dough; consti- 
tution; temper 
P&.te, sm. a pie; pasty; blot; pate 
Ptit^e, */. paste for poultry 
Patelin, sm. a crafty fellow 
Patelinage, wheedling 
Palellner, v. to wheedle; gull; * 

Patelineur, se. s. wheedlsr 
PatSne, sf. chalice's cover 
Patendtre, chaplet; bead 
PatenOtrerie, bead-trade 
PatendUier, sm. bead-maker 
Patent, e. a. patent 
Patente, «/. a patent 
Pater, sm. the fiord's Prayer 
Pdter, Oil. to paste 
Patere, sf. a kind of cup [not 
Patemel, le. a. fatherly^ pater- 
Parens patcrnels, pi. m.relations 

on the father's side 
Paternellement, ad. —nally 
Paternity, sf. — ty, fatherhood 
Pater-noster, sm. —ter 
P&teux, se. a. clammy 
Pathetique, 2. a. sm. pathetic 
Path^tiquement, ad. —tically 
Pathologie, sf. —logy 
Pathologique, 2. a. --logic 
Pathos, sm. pathos, moving 
Patibulaire, 2. a. —lary 
Mine patibulaire, /. a gallows 

Patiemment, ad. patiently 
Patience', sf. patience 
Patience, ad. well and good 
Patient, e. a. patient, constajit 
Patient, sm. malefactor going to 

be hanged 
Patienter, vn. to * have patience 
Patin, sm. skait, clog, patten 
Patiner, vn. to skait 
Patiner, va. to fumble, paw 
Patineur, sm. skaiter, fumbUr 
pater, on. to suffer 
P&tis, sm. pasture [work 

P&tisser, on. to * make pastry- 
Pdtisserie, sf. pastry-work 
PfttisBier, e. s. pastry-cook 
Patois, sm. gibberish 
P&ton, fattening hall 
Patraque, sf. gewgaw, old stuff 
PiLtre, sm, a ' 



Palriarcal, e. a. —chal 
Fatriarcat; sm. —chate 
Patriarche, a patriarch 
Fatxic% patrician, noble 
Patriciat, patriciate 
Patricien, ne. o. —cian 
Patfie, sf. native country 
Patrimoine, sm. patrimony « 

Patrimonial, e. —nial 
Patriote, sm. a patriot 
Patriotique, 2. a. patriotic 
Patriotidine, sm. —tism 
Patrociner, va. to preach 
Patron, sm. patron; pattern 
Patronage, —age; advowson 
Patronomique, 2. a. — mac 
Patronne, sf. patroness 
Patrouiliage, sm. paddling; pud 

Patrouille, sf. patrol, rounds 
Patrouilier, on. to paddle; paw; 

Patrouillis, sm. paddle 
Patte, sf. a paw; foot; flap 
Pattepelu, sm. a cheating coaxer 
Patt6e, sf. rap with a ferula 
Pattu, e. a. rough footed 
P&turage, sm. pasturage; feedr 

P&ture, sf. provender, food - 
PAtureau, sm. a green or common 
F&turer, vn. to * feed 
Pfttureur, sm. a feeder of horses 

in the army, in war-time 
P&turon, a pastern 
Pavage, paving 
Pavane, sf. a pavane donee 
Se pavancr, or. to str%A 
Pav6, sm. pavement 
Pavement,jiaoein«ne, paved fleet 
Paver, va. to pave 
Pavesade, sf. netting sails 
Paveur, sm. a paviow 
Pavie, sm, nectarine tree 
— -, a'nectarine 
Pavilion, paviUoti, tent-bed, flag 
Paulette, sf. paulet; tax 
Pftume, palm of the hand; hand. 

Jives; tennie 
Pauiner, va, to * give a slap 
Paumier, sm. the master of A 

tennis court 
Pavois, a great shield 
Pavoisser un vaisseau, to fence a 




Favot, sm. a poppy 
Paupiere, sf. eye-lid^ eye-lashes 
Pause, pause; stop; rest 
Pauser, to pause^ to * stop 
Pauvre, 2. a. s. poor; beggar 
Paiivrement, ad. poorly; beg- 

«Pauvret, te. a. poonsh 
Pauvret6, sf. poverty^ meanness^ 

siUy thing 
Payable, 2. o. payable 
Paye, sf. pay, salary 
Payement, sm. payment 
Payen, iie. a. s. pagan 
Payer, va. to * pay 
Payeur, se. s. paymaster or mis- 
Pays, sm, country 
Paysage, landscape 
Paysagiste, landscape painter 
Paysan, ne. s. couiuryman or wo- 
man; peasant; clown 
Paysan, ne, a. eUnomsk^ histie 
P6age, sm. toH, turnpike 
P6ager, turnpike-man; publi- 
rp-. can 

P«au, sf. skin; hide; rind; peel 
.^mi^usserie, skinner's trade or 
Pcauesier, sm. a skinner 
Pec hareng pec, pickled herring 
Peccable, 2. a. peccable 
Peccadille, sf. peccadillo 
Peccavi, sm. repentance 
P6che, sf. peach; fishing 
P6cli6, sm. a sin 
P^cher, va. to «m, transgress 
Pecher, va. to fish 
Pdcher, sm. a peach-tree 
Pficherie, sf.fislury 
P6cheiir, p<!cherease, s. a. sinner 
Pecheur, sm. a fisherman 
P6core, sf a stupid creature 
Pecque, a^silly woman 
Pectoral, sm. a breast-plate 

, P. a. — roZ, stomachic 

P^iculat, sm. embezzlemeiU of 

public money 
P^cule, peculium^ subftance 
Pecune, sf. money 
P6cuniaire, 3. a. pecuniary 
P^cunieux, se. a. monied 
Pedagogic, sf. —gy 
P^agagiqae, 3. a. —gie 
C^agogue, sm. pedagogue 


P«dale, «/. pedal, Una key of 

Pedant, e. «. a pedant 

, e. s. pedantic 

P^danter, vn. to * he a school 

pedant; to be conceited 
Pedanterie, sf. pedantry 
Pedantesque, 2. pedanlical 
P^dantesquement, ad. pedanti- 
cally . 
P^dautiser, va. to aetapedanVs 

P^dantisme, 9iit. pedantry 
Pddp«;tre, 2. a. pedestrious 
P^diculaire, 2. a. —lar, lousy 
P^dicule, sm. stalk;' pedicle 
P^gase, Pegasus 
Peigne, cond), cards, brake 
Peigner, va. to comb^ to card 
Se peigner, vr. to comb one's head 
Peigneur, sm. a carder; comber 
Peignier, comb-maker, ^e. 
Peignoir, combing-cloth 
Peignures, */. pi. hair combed off 
Peindre, va. to * draw, paint; 

describe; * write; adorn 
Be peindre, vr. to * be repre- 
Peine, */. pain; penalty; pains; 

k peine, ad. hardly 

Peiner, va, to pain^ trouble, * 

work hard 
Se peiner, vr. to * take great 

Peineuse (semaine,) a week of 

Peintre, sm. a painter 
Peinture, sf. painting; picture; 

court card 
Peinture, e. a. painted only with 

one colour 
Peinturer, va. to paint with one. 

colour; to colour 
Pelnturlurer, va. lo daub 
Pelade, sf. falling of the hair 
P6Ie-in6Ie, ad. confusedly 
Peler, va. to * make bald; pare; 

PeW, sm. a bald-pated man 
Pel^e, sf. a bald-pated woman 
P6lerin, c. *. pilgrim; sharp fel- 
low; cunning gipsy 
P61«rinage, «iii. pilgrinage 
Pelican, apeliean 


pelisse, sf. afurreti robe 

P^Jisson, sm. furred petticoal 

Pelle, sf. a. shovel 

Pell6e, Peller6e, shovelfuU 

Pellcron, sm. a little oven-peel 

Pelleterie, sf. skinner'' s ot fur- 
rier's trade; far skins; skin- 
ner's street 

Pelletier, e. s. furrier, skinner 

Pelliculc, sf. a pellicle, cuticle 

Pelote, pincushion; bottom of 
thread; clew; ball 

Pelote, ou 6toile, star in a horse's 

Peloter, va. to * toss; to hangj 
to throw snow balls 

Petoton, sm. a clew of thread, 
snow-ball; knot of people 

Pe!otonncr,oa. to run into heaps; 

Pelouse, sf down; green-sward 

Pelu, e. a. hairy 

Peluclie, sf. shag; tuft 

Pelure, paring; peel 

Penaille, monkery 

Penaillon, sm. a rag; (in conr 
tempt) a monk; a friar 

P6nal, e. a. penal 

P^nalite, */. penalty 

Penard, sm. a dotard; old fusty 

P6nates,dieux p6nate8,pI.Aoti«a- 
hold gods 

Penaud, e. a. out of countenance 

Penctiant, sm. declivity, propen- 
sion; decline; brink 

Penchant, e. a. leaning; bend- 
ing; declining 

Pencliement, sm.. imrihtg; loUr- 
ing . r 

Pencher, va. to * bend; to in- 
dine; to * be inclined 

Se pencher,t>r. to * stoop; ♦ lean: 

T)(m airs pench^s, lolling 

Penable, a. hanging matter 

Pendaison', sf. hanging of male- 

Pendant, pr. during 

que, ad. whilst 

Pendant, sm. ear-ring; skip^s 
pendant; hanger of a belt 

Pendans k 3 grains, 3 drop pen- 

Pendaid, e. s. a villain, jade 

figideloqnei «/. an ear-bob; 

hang-in^ crystals 
Pendentu^ sjh. arek, vault 
Penderie, sf, hanging {fro 

PendiUer, vit. to'dangU to and 
Pendolr, sm, cord to hang bacon 

Pendre, v,to* hang 
Pendule, sf. a clock 
Pendule, sm. a pendulum 
Pene, bolt of a lock 
Pdn^trabilit^, sf. —Uty 
P^n^trable, 2. a. penetrable 
P6n6trant, e. a. penetrating; sa- 
gacious, quick, sharp 
Pdn^tratif, ve. — tiM 
Penetration, sf. —tion, sagacity 
P^netrer, v. to penetrate; ♦ go, 

* get^ pierce or soak through; * 

understand, dive into 
Penible, 2. a. laborious, hard 
Peniblement, ad. painfully 
Peninsule, sf. peninsula 
penitence, repentance, penance 
Penitencerie, the penitentiary 

court at Rome 
P6nitenciel, le. a. —tential 
Penitencier, sm — ientiary 
Penitent, e. a. s. penitent 
Penitentiel, sm. penance-booh 
Pennage, the feather of a hawk 
Penne, sf. beam feather of a 

Penombre, penumbra 
Pens6e, thinking; care; notion; 

thought; sketch 

heart* s ease 

\ Penser, v. to think; imagine; 

believe; suppose 
Penaer, sm. thoiight 
Penaeur, s. arihinking man 
Pensif, ve. a. pensive 
Pension, sf. board, boarding 

house; school; pension 
Pensioonaire, s. boarder, pen- 
Penslonner, va. to give a pension 
Pensum, sm. imposition 
Pent9gone, a. pentagonal 
Pentagone,^»m. pentagon 
Pentametre, —meter 
Pentateaqne, sm. — teucft, the 

five books of Moses 
Pente, sf. declivity, valance, 




Penteeftte, WHUnnday, pente- 

Penture, iron-work of a door, or 

Pdnultieme, 3. a. a. last but one; 

Penurie, */. —ry, iTuUgence 

Peote, smaU Dalmatian ship 

Pepie, pip, thirst 

Pepler, vn. to pip; * chirp 

Pepin, sm. kernel; stone 

Pepiniere, sf. nursery, seed-plot 

Pepinieriste, mi. nursery-gar- 

Per^ant, e. a. piercing; sharp; 
acute; boring; shriU 

Perce en peroe, ad. broached 

Oe perce en perce, quite through- 

Perce-forftt, sm. a great hunter 

lettre, a bodktn 

neige, */. snow-drop 

— — CNreille, sm* ear-wig 

pierre, sf. sea fennel 

Peroement, sm. an opening 

Perceptible, 2^th —ble 

Perception, a0i*-tion, receipt 

Percer, va. to pierce; * tap; * 
break througil^^i bore 

Percevoir, va. to gather 

Perceur, sm. a^^er 

Perclie, sf. a perch, pole, rod 

Percher, vn. to perch, roost 

Percboir, sm. a perching stick or 

Perclus, e. a. who has lest tA« use 
of his limbs; impotent 

Pergoir, sm. a piercer 

Per^u, e. a. received, gathered 

Percussion, */. —tion, stroke 

Perdant, e. s. loser 

Perdition, sf perdition; wreck 

Perdre, va. to * lose; ruin; cor- 

8e perdre, vr. to * lose one's 
self; to* be cast away 

Perdreau, sm. young partridge 

Perdrigon, sort of plum 

Perdrix, */. a partridge 

Perdu, e. a. lost; lewd, undone 

Perdurable, S. a. lasting 

F^re, sm. father 

Pere-nourricler, foster-father 

peregrination, sf. —tion 

PereiQption, nonstdt 



Peremptoire,3 a. peremptory 
Peremptoirement, ad. '■^torUy 
Perennial, e. a, perennial ■ 
Perfection, of. perfection 
Perfectionnement, «m. improve 

Perfectionner, va. U perfect^ to 

Se perfectionner, vr. to improve 
Perfide, 2. a. s. perfidious 
Perfidement, ad, —diously 
Perfidie, sf perfidy, falsehood 
Perforation, —tion 
Perlbrer, va. to bore; to pieree 
Perlcliter,*be in danger 
Pericrftne, sm. —cranium 
Peridot, —dot, a precious stone 
perigee, perigee 
Periheiie, —Hum 
peril, danger, peril 

Perilleuiement, ad. perilously . 

Perilleux, se. a. dangerous fk ^|^ 
Perimer, va. to nonsuit ''^W 

Perim^tre, sm. eireumferenoe 
Perinee, perin(sum 
Periode, pitch; summit 
P6riode, sf. period, time ^ -. 
Periodique, 2. a. —dical 
Periodlquement, ad. —dieally 
Peripateticien, a. peripatetic 
Peripatetisme, sm, Aristotle's 

Peripetie, sf. sudden turn of 

Periphrase, —phrasis 
Peripbraser, im. to periphrase 
Peripneitmonie, sf. — ny, or in- 
flammation of the lungs 
Perir, vn. to perish, decay 
Perisciens, sm. pi. Periscii 
Perissable, 2. a. perishable 
peristyle, sm. —tyle 
Peritoine, sm. peritonaum 
Perle, */. a. pearl; rarity 
Perie, e. a. pearled; curled 
Perlures, sf. pL curlings of a 

Perlustrer, va. to * run over; to 

stray over 
Permanence, sf. — neney 
Permanent, e. a. lasting 
Permettre, va. to permit; suffer^ 

* lei; allow; give leave; tolO' 

rate; to * wink at 
Pezmii, e. a. lawful 



Permis, sm. a permit 
Permi^ion, sf.permiasiony leave 
Peruiutant, am. permuter 
PennulaUon,«/. — tiouy exchange 
of living [ing 

Pcrinuter, en. to exchange a Iho- 
Pernicicusenient, ad. pemicions- 
Pernicieux, se. a. pernicious [ly 
P6ron6, sm. the shin 
Peroniiele, «/. sluty saucy jade 
Pcroraison, peroration^ close of 
an oration [late 

Pororer, va. to sum up^recapitu- 
Perpeiuliculaire, 2. a. sf. —cular 
Perpondiculaircment, ad. per- 
Perpe»(licularil6, sf. —rity 
Perpendicule, sm. apluvunet 
P6j petrer, va. to commit 
Perpeluation, sf. — tion 
Perp6tueU Ui. a. perpetual^ pe- 
t rcnnial, endless 
Perp6Uiclkjment, ad. — tually 
Pcrp6tucr, va. to perpetuate 
Se — , vr. to * be perpetuated 
Perp6tuite, sf perpetuity 
Pcrplexe, 2. a. perplexed 
Perplexil6, sf. perplexity 
Perquisition, strict inquiry; tho- 
rough seardi 
Perriere, a stone quarry 
Perron, sm. steps before a house 
Perroquet, a parrot; a top-gal" 
lant-mast; top-sail; folding- 
Perruclie, */. a paroquet 
Perruque, a wig^ peruke 
Perriiquier, sm. periwig-maker 
Pers, e. a. bluish gray 
Perse, sf. Persian calico [ing 
Pers6cutant, e. a. — euting; teas- 
Pers6culer, va. to persecute^ to 

Pers^culeur, rice. *. persecutor 
Persecution, sf. persecution 
Perseverance, perseverance 
Pers^v^rant, e. a. s. constant; 

Pers6v<%rer, vn. to persevere^ to 

Persicot «m. a land of spiritu- 
0«« liquor ^blind 

Pertf enne, sf. Venetian window' 
Perailage, sm. jeering y staffing 
Pcnilier, va, to jeer^ ridicule 


Perriileur, 9m.jeerer, $coffer 

Persil, parsley 

PersiUade, sf. beef-aUaka with 

Persiquc, large peach; order in 

Persister, vn. to persist^ * hold on 
Personnage, sm. person^ person- 
age; part 
Personnaiiaer, va. to personalize 
Personnaiit6, sf. personality 
Personne, a person 

pr. nobody^ any one 

Personnel, le. a. personal 
Personnellement, ad. ^sonally 
Personnifier, va. to personify 
Perspectif, a. optical 
Perspective, sf.perspeetive^ view 
Respicacit6, perspicacity 
Perspicuity, perspicuity 
Perspiration, -^tion^ sweating 
Persuadant, e. a. persuasive 
Persuader, va. to persuade^ sa- 
tisfy; advise; induce 
Se persuader, er. to fancy 
Persuasible, 2. a. —ble 
Persuasif, ve. a. persuasive 
Persuasion, sf. persuasion 
Perte, loss; damage, i-uin 
Pertinemment, ad. pertinently 
Pertinent, e. a. pertinent^ pat 
Pertuis, sm. narrow pass, hole 
Pertuisane, sf. partisan; kind 

of halberd 
Perturbateur, rice. s. disturber 
Perturbation, sf. — tion, trouble 
Feryenohe, perriwinkle (an herb) 
Pervcrsj e. a. perverse 
Perversion,*/. — sion, corruption 
Pervcrsit6, — sity, wickedness 
Pervertir, va. to pervert 
Pesainment, ad. heavily 
Pesant, e. a. heavy; dull 
Pesant, sm. weight 
Pesanteur,s/. weight; heaviness; 

dulness; bulk 
Pes^e, weighing; ail that is 

weighed at once 
Pesc-Tiqueur, sm. areometer 
Peser, va. to weigh, ponder 
Peseur, sm. a weigher 
Peson, a steelyard; whirl 
Peste, sf. the plapie 
Pester, va. to rod at; * tell tales 
to the master; * be mad; tear 


PeBtifi&re,3. a.~ferous,/contag^ou» 
Pe8tif<fer6, e. a. s. infected witM 

the plague 
Pestilence, sf. pestilence 
Pestilentj e. a. pestilent 
Pestilentiel, .le. pestilenticux:, 

euse. a. pestilential 
Pet, sm. crack; wind 
P6iale, pital 

Petarade, sf. a sign of contempt 
Petard, sm. petard, cracker 
Petarder, va. to * blow up with 

a petard or mortar 
Petai-dier, sm. a petardeer 
Petaudiere, */. a bear-garden; 

a confused company 
Peter, vn. crackle, bounce 
P6terolle, sf. small cracker 
Petillanl, e. a. sparkling; met. 

tlesome [Ung 

Peti {\emer{i^sm.crackling;spark 
Petiller, vn. to crackle; sparkle; 

long, * be eager 
Petit, e. a. little, small, petty 

lait, sm. whey 

Petite v6roIe, sf. small-pox 
Pclits pieds, pi. m. small birds 
Petitenient, ad. little, meanly 
Petitesse, sf. littleness, lowness 
Petition, — tion, demand ' 
PeiiHiire, sm. demon 
Peton, a little foot 
Petoncle, sf. a cockle 
Petrean, sm. sprig, wild stock 
P6tree, 2. a. petrce, stony 
Petrification, */. —fying, — tioft 
P6trifier, va. to petrify 
PetriD,-5OT. kneading trough 
P^trir, va. to knead 
Petrisseur, se. s. a kneadcr 
P6trote, sm. rock-oil 
Petulamment, ad. —lantly 
Petulance, sf. petulancy 
Petulant, e. a. petulant, sauey 
Petun, sm. tobacco 
Peluner, vn. to smoke, to fvnk 
Peu, ad. little, few 
Peu-a-peu, ad. by degrees 
Peu souvent, seldom 
— 8' en faut que, there wants but 

little of it 
Un peu, sm. a little, some 
Peuplade, sf. colony; plantation 
Peuple, sm. people; nation; the 



Peaftto*, va. to people; stock a 

pond; propagaU; multiply 
Peuplier, sm. poplar 
Pcur, »/. fear^ dready fright 
Peureux, se. a. fearful 
Peut-^tre, ad. perhaps 
PhaStOn, sfii. phaeton 
Phalange, sf. phalanx: also a 
sort of dangerous spider; fAc 
bones of the hand and foot 
PLalangite, sm. soldier belonging 

to the phalanx 
Phalarique,5/. -^ica; long spear 
Piiatene^ sm. a kind of butterfiy 
Pharaon, a chance game 
Phare, sm. a lighthouse 
Pharisaique, 2. a. —saical 
Pbarisaisme, sm. — saism; hy- 
Pharisiea, sm. pharisee 
Pilfirmaceutique, '2. a. —tic 
Pharraacie, sf. pharinacy 
Pliarmacleu, sm. apothecary 
Fhannacop6e, sf. —copeia. dis- 
pensary . 
Pharmacopole, sm. ~-pclist; apo- 
Pharynx, pharynx 
J^tiase,.sf. phasis, aspect 
Phas4oIe, French-bean 
Phobas, sm. bombast; the sun 
Ph6aix, a phenix 
PMnomene, phenomenon^ pi. — 

Philanlrops, humane 
Philantropie, sf. philanthropy, 

Piiilaulie, */. self-love 
PnihiJoxe, sm. an egotist 
Phil'Jlogie, sf. philology, univer- 
sal liaminr 
PJiiloJogique, 2. a. -~gical 
Philologue, sm. —gei' 
Phitomele, sf. — tnc/, ni,arhtingale 
Philoiopliale, (pierre,) the phi- 

losopher*8 stona 
Philosaphe, sm. philosopher 

2. a. philosophical 

Philosopher, vn. to philosophize; 

Phiiosophie, sf. philosophy 
Philoaopbique, a. philosophic 
PhikMopb^uement, ad. philoso- 

le, $M. sophistry 


PhilOBophi9te,«m. msophisty false 

Philtre, sm. —terj love potion 
Phimosis, phjtmosis 
Pliiole, sf. vialy glass bottle 
Phl^botomie, ^my, letting of 

Phldbotomiser, vn,to* let blood 
Phl^botomiste, sm. — tomist 
Phl^gmatiqae, 3. a. s. —tie; 

dull; sedate 
Phlegme, ^m. phlegm 
Phleginoneux, se. a. — nous 
Phlogialique, sm. —giston 
Phosphore, —phorus 
Phosphorique, 2. a. phosphoric 
Phrase, sf. phrase^ expression 
Phrasicr, Phraseur, ^m. empty, 

pompous talker 
Phthiaie, sf. phthisic^ consump- 
Phthisiqiic, a. phthisical; con- 
PhyJactcre, sm. — tcry 
Physicic.i, a natural philoso- 
pher; a physician 
Physiologic, sf. —logy 
Physionortuser, va, to judge of 

one's temper by the looks 
Piiysionomiste, sm. physiogno- 
Physique, sf. physic; natural 

Physique, 2. a. — sical, natural 
Physiquemcnt, ad. — sically 
Piaculalre, 2. a. piaeular 
Piaffe, sf. strutting, parade 
Piuffer, vn. to strut 
Piailler, to scold, baiol, pipe 
Piaiilerie, sf. scolding, batoling 
Piailleur, se. .9. a scold; squaller 
Piano, ad. gently 
Piaste, sm. a native of Poland 
Piastre, sf. piece of eight 
Piauler, va. to whine 
Pic, sm. a pick-axe, woodpecker; 

Pica, longing, green-sickness 
Picher, a pitcher 
Picholine, «/, small olive 
Picor6e, plundering 
Picorer, «<(. to * go a plundering 
Picoteur, sm. freebooter; pla- 



Pieotement, apriekisig 
Picoter, vn. to * prick; *poek; 

anger; tease 
Picoterie, sf. biekerhtg; teasing 
Picotin, sm. a peek 
Pie, sf. magpie, pied horse; a 

broiled blade-bone -of mutton 
Pied, pi6, sm.foot, set, plant 

-sur lepied, in proportion, as 

D'arrache pied, without ceasing 
Pi6ce, sf. a piece, stmnaeher 
Pi(^destal, sm. a pedestal 
Pi^douche, little pedestal 
Pi^.droit, piedroit, pier 
Pi6ge, snare; spring; wUe 
Pierraille, sf. a heap of smtUl 

Pierre, a stone, drain 
— — ponce, pumice stone 
Pierr6e, water-course, drain 
Pierreries, pi. jewels 
Pierrette, */. little stone 
Piorrcut, se. a. stony 
Pierrier, sm. swivel gun 
Pierriere, af. a quarry 
PifU6, piety, godliness 
Pinter, vn. to * stand fair at 

Pi^tiner, to dangle one's legs 
Piston, nc. 9. a walker; foot- 
Pie ire, a. paltry 
Piatreineiit, ad. pitifully 
Pietrerie, */. trash, pitiful thing 
Pica, sm, a stake 
Pieascinent, ad. piously 
Pieux, 88. a. pious, godly 
P iff re, esse. s. a glutton 
Pi^'eon, sm. pigeon; bubble 
Pigconne, sf. little dove; honey 
Pijjeonnoau, sm. young pigeon 
Pigeonnicr, sm. pigeon-house 
Pij,'m!ie, a pigmy, dwarf 
Pigiiocher, vn. to * eat slowly 
Pignon, sm. gable-end, pino» 

apple; kernel; watch-pinion 
Pilastre, a pilaster 
Pile, sf. apile, a heap, pier 
Piler, va. to pound; bruise 
Pilier, sm. a pillar, a post 
Pillage, pillage; plunder 
Pillard, e. a. s. filching; plnn 

dering; plunderer 
Pilier, va. to plunder, pirate^ • 

steal; * set adogatono 



Pineriv/. phuUerin^t extortion 

PiUeur, am. pb/Mderer^ plagiarf 

PiloOf pestle; druvutuk 

Pilore, pUorus 

Filori, ikepiUory 

Pilorierf va. to *■ set in thepiUorjf 

Pilotage, em. pilotage; pilework 

Pilote, a pilot 

Filoter, ea. to * dri»e in piles; 

to pUot a ship 
PiloUB, sm. a pile; stake 
Pilule, d/. a pitt 

Piembdche, affected sillp woman 
Piment, sm. aUspiee; pimento 
Pimpant, e. a, flaunting^ gaudy 
Pimpesou^e, sf, a formal lady 
Pimprenelle, hwmet 
Pin, «m. a pine-tree 
Pinacle, apinnadet'top 
Pinaaae, sf. a pinnace 
Pinastre, sm. wild pine-tree 
Pince, sf. nippers; crow; toe of 

a horse'' 8 foot 
Pinco!>, pU horse's foreteeth; 

lobster's claws 
Pinceau, sm. pencil; brush 
Pinole, sf. a pinch 
Pinceller, sm.painLer'ssnvff-box 
Pince-msLiUe, a miser 
Placement, a-pinching 
Pincer, va. to *pinch^ '^nip^jeer 
Pinceter, to * nip off the hair 
Pincette, sf. tweezers 
Pincettes, p2. tonge; pincers 
Pinchina, sm. a kind of coarse 

woollen cUth 
Pinion, the mark <tf a pinch on 

the skin 
Pindarjque, 2. a. Pindaric 
Piudariser, on. to affect loftiness 

of expression 
Piiidarisear, sm, one that speaks 

Pin6e, sf. sort of dried cod 
Pin^ale, a. belonging to the bratn 
Pinnae, ou anana, sm. pineapple 
Plnqae, jr/. a pink (a ship) 
Pinson, sm. ^affinch 
Pinsonne, sf. hen-chaffinch 
Pintade, a Cfvinea-hen 
Pinte, pinty quart in France 
Pinter, va. to tipple 
Pintereau, sm. a dauber 
Pinole, sf. pinnule; sights (of m 



Plochage, sm. digging of grmmd 
Pioche, sf. mattocky pidt-axe 
Biocher, va. to* dig the ground 

with a mattock. 
Piochon, sm. small twibiU 
Piol6, e. a. speckled^ spotted 
Pioler,* pip^ * chirp 
Pion, sm. a paion at chess; a man 

at draughts 
Pionnier, a pioneer 
Piot, wtiM (in jest) 
Pipage, duty on each pipe of 

Fipe^ sf. a pipe 
Pipeau, sm. apipe^ bird-call 
Pip^e, sf. a way of catching birds 

with a bird-call 
Piper^ va. to * catch birds with 

a bn-d-call; to cheat at play 
Piper, vn. to excel 
Pipene, sf. a cheat, a slight 
Pipeur, ae. *. sharper, cheat 
Piquant, e. a. tart, poignant; 

keen; prickly; sharp 
Piquant, sm. a priclUe 
Pique, */. pike; bickering; 

Pique, sm. spades [low 

Pique-boeuf, a drover, stupid fel- 
Piquenique, clubbing at a reck- 
oning « 
Piquer, va. to * prick; * sting; 

guilt; lard; anger 
Se piquer, vr. to pretend tOy to* 

take pet; * be angry 
Piquet, sm. a stake^ picket 

, piquet, (game at cards) 

Piquette, sf. tart sort of wine 
Piquer, sm. huntsman; overseA"; 

Piquier, apikeman 
Piqiire, */. pricking; sting; 

quilting; pinking 
Pirate, sm. a pirate 
Pi rater, va. to pirate 
Piraterie, sf. ptraey, extortion 
Pire, 3. a. s. worse; worst 
Pirogue, sf. pirogue, Indian boat 
Pirole, wtnter^green 
Pirouette, whirligig, turning on 

one's leg 
PirouetteTj vn. to turn on one's 

leg; whirl about 
Plrrnonien, ienne. a. who doubts 

of everything 


Pia, Ml. ndder; dug 
Pis, a. o. worse; worst 
Piscine, sf. a pool, or pond 
Piscine probatique, the pool of 

Siloam or Bethesda 
Pistocbe, a pistachio-nut 
Pistacbier, sm. pistachioAreo 
Piste, sf. a track, footstep 
Pistil, sm. pistil 
Pistole, sf. a pistole 
Pistoler. va. to * shoot with a 

Pistolet, sm. a pistol 
Piston, sucker of a pump 
PItance, sf. a monk's mess 
Pitancier, sm. pitancer 
Pitaud, e. s. a clown 
Pite, sf. a mite, old coin 
Piteusement, ad. pitifully 
Plteux, se. o. pitifvi, wofvl 
Fiti6, sf. pity, compassion 
Piton, sm. a pin^ or nail with a 

round eye 
Pitoyable, 3. a. compassionate; 

■pitiful; paltry 
Pitoyablement, ad. pitifully 
Pittoresque, 3. a. pictures^ 
Pittoresquement, ad. in a pic 

turesgue manner 
Pituitaire, 3. a belonging to the 

Pituito, sf. phlegm 
Pituiteuz, se. a. s. phlegmatic 
Pivert, sm. woodpecker; spider 

Pivoine, sf. piony 
Pivoine, sm. gnat-snapper 
Pivot, pivot; axis; trendle 
Pivoter, va. to hang on a pivot 
Placage, sm. inlaying 
Placard, billpostedup, libel 
Placarder, va. to post up, or libd 

Place, sf. place; room; square; 

Place, dear the way, make room 
Placer, va. to place; *put; * lay 
Placet, sm. low stool, petition 
Placicr, e..». owner of a markst 

Plafond, sm. the ceiling 
Plafonner, va. to ceH 
Plage, sf.Jlat shore, region 
Plagiaire, sm. a plagiary 
Plagiat, plagiarism 


Plaid, speech afapleaier 
Pf aider, o«. to plead, U aru 
Plaidear, se. a. a. one who i$ at 

la»f litigUnu 
Plaidoirie. nf. pleading luto-auite 
Jour plaidoyable, court day 
Plaidoyer, em, plea; pleading; 

Plaids, pi. eowrtrleet 
Plaie, if. a wound; sore 
•^iaigoaat, e. a. s. plaintiff 
Plain, e« a. plain^JUUt even 
Plain-etaan^ m. church-music 
^— De plaiQ pied, on the same 

Plaindie, va. to pity; grudge 
Se plaiQdre, «r. to eomplatn 
Plaine, sf. a plain 
Plaiate. complaint, lamentation 
Plaintit; ve. a. plaintive; doleful 
PlainCif, sm. plaintiff 
Plaiativemenl, ad. moanfvlly 
Plaire, «». to please; * he agree- 
Se plaire, «r. to low; ieUght; to 

* thrive in 
Plaiaamment, ad, pleasantly; 

PlalsaQce, lieu, maison de plai- 

sance, neat villa 
Plaasant, e. a. pleasing, pleasant 
Plalsant, sm. a jester 
Plaiaaater, vn. to joke 
Plaisanteric, sf. a joke, a jest 
Plaisanterie i part, ssriouslff 
Plaisir, sm. ploasure, joy; diver- 
sion; sport; fancy 
Plan, plan; scheme 

, e. a. plain; even 

Planciie, sf. plank; board; shelf- 
garden-bed; copperplate; pre- 
VlBncbetf sm. Jloor ' 
Planehette, sf. a littU beard; a 

Plaocneyer, va. tojloor; board 
Pian^n, sm. a set, a ttoig 
Plane, a plane-tree 
Plane, sf. a plane (tool) 
Planer, va. to hover, toJUt 
Planer, va. to plans, planish 
Plandtaire, 3. a. —tary 
Plan6talre, sm. orrery 
Plan6to, sf. a planet 
Plaoeor, swt. a plamshor 


PlanimAtrie, sf. 
Planisphere, sm. —sphere 
Plant, a set, a plant 
Plantade, sf. a set of tress 
Plantain, sm. plantain 
Plantage, planting, plantation 
Plantard, a set, a twir 
Pfantat, vine a year old 
Plantation, sf. —Uon, planting; 

Plantd, a plant; the sole of the 

footi vineyard newly set 
Planter, va. to plant; to * set; 

Jlz; * drive in 
Se planter, vr. to plant, or * put 

one's se^f 
Plantear, sm. a planter^ setter 
Plantoir, a dibble 
Plantareasement,ad. plenttfuUy; 

in abundance 
Plantureuz, se. a. plentiful 
Planure, sf a chirp, a fiain 
Plaque, a plate; a crown of a 

wig; shell of a sword; back of 

a chimney 
Plaquer, va. to plate, to inlay 
Plaquette, sf. FVeneh coin 
Plastron, sm. a breast-plate 
Se plastronner, to * wear a eon- 

eealed breast-plate 
Plat, sm. dish; mess; Jlat side 
^t e. a. Jlat; insipid; vuan 
Pled plat, sm. a wretched fellow 
Ptatane, the palm-tree 
Planteau, a wooden scale; a tea- 
board, a platform 
Plate-baJode, sf. plat-band; bor- 
der [roof 
Plateforme, a platform; a fiat 
Platine, sevtcheon of a lock; 

plates of a watch; platen; 

apron of a cannon 
Platitude, dulness; insipid talk 
Platonique, 2. a. piatonie 
Platoidame, sm. -^nism 
Pl&trage, plaster-work 
Pl&tras, rubbish, rains 
Plktxe, plaster, parget, paint 
Pl§trer, va. to plaster, to * cloak; 

patch up; daub over 
Pl&treox, te. a. Umy 
Plfttrier, sm. a plasterer 
Pl&tridre, sf. a lime pit 
PlauslbUit*.— Wy [cious 

Plaosibie, 0. a. plausible^ spe- 



PMb^ien, ne. a. s. aplebeiaM 
Ptebiacite, sm. plebiseitus^; L •. 

decree from the Roman people 
?Wifidea,sf pi. Pleiades 
Pleige, sm. pledge, bail 
Pleiger, v. to bad 
Plein, e. a. full; whole; alosa 

Pleine,/. withvoung 
Plein, sm. the full 
Plein-chant, ehureh-^mnsie 
Pleineraent, ad. fully; entirefy 
Pi^nier, e. a. plenary, free 
P16nipotentiaire, sm. —tiary 
Plenitude, sf. --de, fulness 
Pldonasme, sm. — na«in, redan 

daney of words 
Pl^thore, sf. plethory, fulness of 

Pleurant, e. a. weeping , 

Pleurard, e. a blubberer 
Pleurer, v. to * we^; cry; be- 

Pleur^sie, sf. a pleurisy 
Pleur^tique, 3. a. s. —riUe 
Pleureur, ae. a. weeper, moumsr 
Pleureuses, sf. pi. weepers 
Pleureuz, te. a. crying 
Pleumicher, vn. to sham crying; 

to whine 
Pleura, sm. pi. tears 
Pleuvoir, v. imp. to rain 
PIdyon, sm. a twig, an osier 
Pli, a plait; fold; wrinkle; 

rumple; habit 
Pliable, 2. a. vliabh, flexible 
Pliage, sm. folding up 
Pliant, sm. a folding chair 
Pliant, e. pliant, flexible 
Plie, sf. a plaice 
Piier, V. to plait, fold; * bend; 

yield; * give ground, furl 
Se plier, vr. to * bend; conform 

one's self 
Plieur, se. s. a folder 
Pliolr, am. a folding-stick 
•Pliaser, va. to plait, fold 
rllssure, sf. plaiting, folding 
Plomb, sm. lead; plummet; level; 

bullets; shot 
Plombagine, sf. lead and silver 

Plomber, va. to dye over with 

lead; to leqd 



Plomberfc, «/. lead-^o«rif or 

Plombieri sm. a plumber 
Pkmgeoa, d»t>«r, sea-fowl 
Flonger, va. to * dip; immerse; 

dive; plunge 
Plongear, sm. a diver 
Ployable, 2. a. pliable 
Ployer, va. to ^ bcnd^ to fold 
Pluie, sf. rain 

Plumage, sm. feathers, plumage 
Plumai), feather-broom 
PItimait, large feather-broom 
PIama8Beaa,a harpsiehord-qvill; 

a pledget 
Plamasaer, a feather-man 
Plume, sf. feather, quilly pen 
Plum^e, penfvX of ink 
PInmer, va. to * pick; fleece 
Plumet, am. a feather for a hat; 

a plume; a beau; a porter 
PIumetis,/0u2 copy 
Plumeux, Be. a. dovmy, soft 
Piumitif, sm. a minute book 
Plurality, */. —lily, majority 
Pluriel, le. a. plural 
Plariel, sm. plural number 
Plus, more, most 
— x-t f^' more, item, ditto 
Le plus, the most {part 

La piupart, most, the greatest 
PlusleurB, a. pi. many 
Plus loin, ad. farther 

— prts, nearer 

— tard, later 
Piutdt, sooner; rather 

— que de, c. rather, than, to 
Pluvier, sm. a plover 
Pluvleux. se. a. rainy 
Pneumatiquc, 2. a. -^atie 
Pneumaiologie. sf. —logy 
Pneumonique, 2. a. s. —nie; 

good for the lungs 
Poche, sf. pocket; bag; kit; craw; 

net; crease ^ 
Pocher roeil, va. to ♦ give a 

black eye 
Pochelier, sm, pocket-maker 
Pochette, */. purse-net; little 

purse, pocket or bag 
Podagre, 2. a. s. gouty, gout in 

Podestat, sm podestate 
Po6le, a stove; pall; canopy . 
Podle, sf. frying-pan 


Politer, sm. ironmonger 
Potion, skillet, taueepan 
Podlomi^e, sf. a akiUet-fvU 
PoSme, sm. a poem 
Po^sie, sf. poetry; poesy 
Po^tc, s. a poet, a poetess 
Po^tereau, sm. a poetaster 
Po^tiquc, 3. a. poetical 

, sf. art of poetry 

Po^tiquement, ad. — tical 
Po6tiaer,* make verses 
Poids, sm. load; weights; plum- 
mets « 
Poignant, e. poignant, sharp 
Poignard, sm. dagger; poniard 
Poignarder, va. to stab 
Polgn6e, ^. handful, handle of a 

Poignet, sm. wrist, wristband 
Poil,Aatr, colour of a beast, beard 

of men \ 

Poile, see PoSle, &c. 
Poiloux, sm. a wretch 
Poilu, e. a. hairy 
Poin^on, sm. bodkin, punch, pun- 
Poindre, vn. to dawn, * shoot 

forth; * sting 
Poing, sm. the fist 
Point, ad. no, not, none 
— du tout, not at all 
Point, sm. point; dot; hole in a 

stirrup-leather; stitch; size 
Point du jour, smi break of day; 

Pointe, */. point; top; sprig; 
pun; peak; edge; gore of a 
shift; graving tool; printer'' s 
bodkin; tartness 
Pointement, sm. pointing, level- 
ling, (a cannon) 
Pointer, v. to* stitch; dot; point: 

level; soar high 
Pointeur, sm. a pointer 
Pdintillage, dotting; pricking 
Pointille, sf. bickering; cavil- 
ling; punclilio 
Pointlller, va. to dot; quarrel; 

nettle; * prick 
Pointillcrie, */. bickering 
PointiUeux, se. a. captious 
Pointu, e. a. pointed; sharp 
Poire, sf. apear, a powder-horn 
Poir6,'»»». perry 
Poireiui, a leek; wart 

Poir^e, */. beef 
Poirier, sm. a pear-tree 
PoiB, pea; pease 

Poison, sm. poison [sty^ 

Poiasard, (style,) BiUingsg-ate 
Poissarde, sf. fieh-woman 
Poisser, va. to * pitch; to glue 
Poisson, sm. a fish 

d'Avril, an JifrHfool 

Poissotts, Pisces (one of the 

twelve signs) 
Poissonnaille, sf. fry 
Poissonnerie, fish-market 
Poissonneux, se. a. fvU of fish; 

Poissonnier, e. s. fishmonger 
Poiissonniere, sf. a fish-pan 
Poitrail, sm. breast of a horse; 

Poitrinaire, s. consumptive 
Poitrinal, e. a. which affects the 

breast or the lungs 
Poitrine, sf. the breast, lungs' 
Poitron, sm. sort of yellow plum 
Poivrade, sf. a pepper and vine- 
gar sauce 
Poivre, sm. pepper 
Poivr6e, sf. pepper-wort 
Poivrer, va'^to pepper 
Poivrette, sf. Lishop^s wort 
Poivrler, sm. pepper-plant; pep- 
per-box; prppcr-seller 
Poivri6re, sf. spice-box^ pepper- 
Poix, piUh \box 

— t^sine, rosin 
Polacre, lappel coat 

, ou Polaquc, a Levantine 

Polaire, 2. a. polar 
P61e, sm. a pole, extremity 
PoI6mique, 2. a. — mical 
Poli, sm. polish, gloss 
— , e. a. polite; neat; polished; 

bright; terse 
Police, sf. police, policy 
Policer, va. to govern, or order 
Polichinel, sm. punchinello; 

Poiiment, polishing; brightening 
Po^ment, ad. politely 
Polir, va. to polish; smooth; bur 

nish; brighten; civilixe 
Polisseur, sm. polisher 
Polissoir, poUshing-iron 
Polisson, blackguard^ wag 


WoUammoVt vm, to play the fool; 
to crack okea 

PoUflsonerie, of. toaggery; play- 
ing in ttu streets ' 

FOiiaaure, poliskingf smoothing 

PoiiteaBe, poUlenees 

Politique, 2. a. political, artful 

Politique, sm. a politician 

1 «/• politics, policy 

Politiquement, ad. — ticallp 

Politiquer, va. to talk politics 

Poltron, ne. a. cowardly 

, ne. s. a coward 

Poltronnerie, sf. cowardice 

Polygame, sm. polygamist 

Potygamie, */. —gamy 

Polygarchie, chy 

PolygloUQ( 2. a. glot, of se- 
veral languages 

— , of. the American mock-bird ^ 

Polygone, 2. a. s. —gon^of many 

Polygraphia, sf. —phy 
' Polype, sm. polypus 
Polyp6tate, 2. a. —lous 
Polysyllabe, 2. a. s. —lable 
Polytb^isme, sm. —theism 

Po)y{h648te, theist 

Pommadc, sf. pomatum; a feat 

of horsemanship 
Se pominader, use pomatum 
I'onimaille, sf. bad sort of apples 
Pomme, apple; head of a cane; 

lettuce, Sec. 
Poinm6, e. a. headed 
Pooling, sm. cider 
Pommeau, a pomm^, knob 
Pommelld, e. a. dapple 
Se pommeller, vr. to* grow dapple 
Poiomer, va. to pome; cabbage 
Pommer aie, sf. an apple orchard 
Poinmette, pommel, baU of wood 
or metal [roaster 

Pommier, sm. apple-tru; appU- 
Pompe, sf. pomp, splendour 
Pompe, (engine) a pump 
Pomper, va. to * pump 
Pompeuaement, ad. stately 
Pompeux, se. a. pompous: lofty 
Pompier, sm. pumper [monds 
Pompon, trinket; rose of dia- 
Pomponner, va. to adorn 
Ponant, sm. the west 
Ponco, sf. small coal-dust [let 
V&accaUf8m.redf<^py,de<^ scar- 


Poncer, vai to poimee a print; to 

ruA with a pumico-stono 
Ponche, sm. punch 
Poncirade, sf. briony 
Poncire, sm. great lemon 
Poncis, priiU pricked and rubbed 

over with coal-dust 
Ponction, sf. puncture; tapping 
Ponctualit^, punctuality 
Ponctuatiop, punctuaiion 
Ponctuel. le. a. punctual 
Ponctueliement, ad. exactly 
Ponctucr, va. to point 
Pondre, to * lay eggs 
Pont, sm. a bridge; deck 
Poin-levis, a drawbridge 
Pome, a punter, better 
Ponte, */. laying of eggs 
Pout6, e. a. with a deck 
Ponter,* be the punter 
Pontife, sm. a pontiff 
Ponlifical, e. a. pontifical 
Pontificalement, ad. —colly 
Pontificat, sm. pontificate 
Ponton, a lighter; ponton 
Pontonage, pontage, bridge-toll 
PontoDier, ferryman, lighterman 
Populace, sf. populace; mob 
Populaire, 2. a. popular 
Populairement, ad. -larly 
Popularite, sf. —rity 
Popaleux, BC. a. populous 
Populo, sm. a plump little child 
Pore, a hog, pork 
Porc-6pic, porcupine 
Porc-san^lier, wild boar 
Porc-marin, sea-hog 
Porcelalne, sf. china; poreilain; 

Fenus* shell 
PorchaiBon, venison time 
Porclie, sm. porch 
Porcher, a swineherd 
Pore, a pore 
Poreax, se. a. porous 
Porosity, sf. —sity 
Porphyre, sm. porphyry 
Porphyiiser, va. to * grind, or 

pound on porphyry 
Porreau, sm. a leek; wart 
Port, port; harbour; wharf; bur- 
den; postage; gait; presence 
Portage, carriage 
Portail, front gate of a t^urch 
Portant, hand oi ring of a trunk 
Portatif, ve. a. portable 



PoKte, ^f. a door, a -get/U 

, the PorU {the Grand Seig^ 

nior*8 court) 

bris^e, folding-door 

-> A 2 battana, folding-door 

vitr6e, a glass door 

De porte en. porle, from door to 

Porte dc devant, street-door 
Porte dc derriere, a back door; 

a subterfuge 
Porte-assiette, sm. a tubU-stand 
Porte-balle, a pedlar 
Porte-chape, a cope-bearer 
Porle-crayon, a penciUcase 
Porie.croix, cross-bearer 
Porte-crosse, erosier-bcarer 
Porte- drapcau, ensign-bearer 
Porte-enseigne, ensign-bearer 
Porte-6p6e, sword-bearer 
Porte-ep6e, belt 

Porte-^tendard, standard-bearer 
Porte-faix, street-porter 
Porle-feuille, portfolio 
Porte-guignoD, a person tbho 

brings afloiher ill-luck 
Porte-iettre, letter-case; post- 

Porle-manchon, sm. the ring of 

a muff 
Porte-manteau, portmanteau; 

Porte-mouchettes, snvffers-pan 
Porte-mousqueton, swivel 
Porte-queue, train-bearer, mean 

Porte-sel, salt-basket 
Porte-presse, bookbinder's shav- 
Porte- vent, pipe of an organ, ^c 
Porte-veige, a verier 
Porte-voix, speaking-trumpet 
Porlee, sf. brood; litter; reach; 

capacity; length 
Porter, va. to carry; * bear; * 

wear; induce; convey 
Se porter, to * be inclined; to 

believe one's self 
Porteur, sm. a portefj bearer; 

Poneuse, sf. basket-woman; 

Portier, sm. ahouse^orter; door- 

Porti^rCi «/. coach-door; door- 



Mt^&r ni A HMUUTJfi WPM/' 

Portion, pari; portion; aUow- 

ance; share 
Poitiqae, mi. a portico; piaxut 
Portoir, a trap 
Portor, marble with deep yeUow 

Portraire, va. to *• draio;portray 
Portrait, em. portrait; picture; 

deacription; likenese 
Portttian, hearing and plan of 

Posage, em. Pose, «/. the lafing 

of a stone 
Pob6, e. a. staidj gravoj sober 
Poe6ment, oi. sofUy.gravely 
Poser, t)o. to ♦ set; * lap; sup- 

pose; grant, admit; * bear; 

rest; * lean; * lie; *pvX; place 
Poseur, sm. a layer of stones 
Positif, ve. a. positive 
Position, sf. position^ sitnation, 

Poeitivement, ad, ^veiy 
Pospolite, sf. the armed Polish 

Poas^dcr, va. to possess; enjoy; 

* have; be master of 
Be poss^der, or. to keep ont's^ 

Poss^d^, e. s. a. possessed with 

Possesseur, sm. possessor; owner 
Pofisessif, a. possessive 
Possesdon, sf. possession; ettfoy- 

Possessoire, sm. possession 
Possibility, sf. possibility 
Possible, 3. a. sm. possible 

, ad. perhaps 

Postcommunion, sf. — nton 
Postdate, postdate 
Postdater, va. to postdate 
Poste, sm. post; station; place 
Poste, sf post; post boy, post- 
office; hail-shot 
Poster, va. to post; place 
Poster, vn. to * run up and down 
Be poster,* taJte a post 
PoBt6rieur,e. a.posterior; ItUter; 

Postdrieurement, ad. after 
Post6rioril6, sf. posteriority 
Po0t6rit6, -^ty; offspring 

Pottliaiiie. % a. postkumous 
Poetiche, d. a. sham; false; pre- 
posterous; dons afUr 
Postilion, sm. m postilion 
Postpdser, va. to esteem less 
Postscript, sm. postscript 
Postulant, e. a. s. eandndate 
Postulat, «ifi.|>0«fii/at«m 
Postuler, vato*bea candidate; 

to * stand for an employmont; 

to plead 
Posture, sf. posture, way 
Pot, sm. pot 

Petit pot de terre, a pipkin 
Pot a couvercle, tankard 
Pot-pourri, hotch-potch 
Potajj(e, 2. a. drinkable 
Polage, sm. pottage, soup 
Pour tout potage, in all 
Potager, sm. a stove for cooking; 

a kitchen-garden 
Potasse, sf. pearlashes, potash 
Pote (main,) swelled hand 
Poteau, sm. apost^ a stake 
Pot^e, sf. apotful; putty 
Poteld, e. plump, chubby 
Potence, sf. gallows, gibbet 
Potences, pi. crutches 
Potentat, sm. potentate 
Potentiel, le. a. potential 
'Potentiellement, ad. —titMy 
Poterie, sf. earthenware; potter's 

Poteme, postern gate, 6ack-4oor, 
. sally-port 
Potier, e. s. a potter 

d*6taln, *m. pewtorer 

Potin, brittle brass 
Potion, sf. draught, potion 
Potiron, mi. a large mushroom, 

a pumpion 
Pou, a louse (lice, pi.) 
Pona, int. fy I fought 
Pouacre, 2. a. nasty; sloven 
Pouacrerie, sf. nastiness 
Pouce, sm. thumb, inch 
Poucier, worker's thimble 
Poudin, pudding 
Poudre, sf. powder, dust 

^ canon, gunpowder 

Poudrer, va. to powder 
Poudreuz, se. a. dusty 
Poudrier, sm. a sand-box; gun- 

powder-maker; hour-glass 
Foufl plump f banff 


Pbatito de lire, v, t$ * kwtsl 

with laughter 
PouiU6,«m. a registry of livings , 
with an account of their revo- 

Pouilles, sf. pi blackguard^M 

Pouiileux, se. a. s. lousy 
Pouillier, pouillis, sai. a paltry 

Poulaille, sf. domestic fowls 
Poulailler, em. hen-roost; pout 

Poulain, colt, bubo, pulley 
Poularde, sf. puUet 
Poule. hen; pool, (at cards) 

d'lnde, turkey-hen 

d*eau, moor-hen 

Poulet, sm. a chick; love-letter 
Poulette, sf. young hen; girl 
Pouliche, pouline, sf. s^-colt 
Poulie, a pulley 
Poulier,* lift ig» with § 

Poulier, sm.pulley-maker,oi sel 

Pouliner, va. to foal 
Pouliot, sm. pennyroyal^ smaU 

Poulot, liale child 

Pouipe, sf. pulp i 

Pouls, sm. pulse 
Poumon, the lungs 
Poupard, a babe, baby 
Foupait, a kind of crab 
Poupe, iff. the stem, poop 
Poup6e, ik doU 

Poupelin, sm. sort of soft cake 
Poupetier, a doll-maker 
Poupln, e. a. beauish, spruce 
Poupon, ne. s. plump; a pretty 

child; darUnf 
Pour, pr. for; tn order; to , 

— lors, at that time; then 

— peu que, c. if ever so UttU ' 

— ie moins, at least 

— cet effet, therefore 

— que, to the end that 
~ ainsi dire, as it were 
Pour-boire, sm. pot-money; eem- 

Pourceau, hog, swine 
Pourchasser, no. to pursue (Ai 

hunting;) to * eeek after 
Poorfeiuta-e, to ffpUt; dash 

PRA ^ 

Ponfiler, va, to * mix with 
IVwipsrler, mi. parlff^ confer- 

PMirpier, purslttm 
Pooipoiiit, a doublet 
foatpref sm. purple; the purpleo 
Fotirpre, of. purple dye 
Pourpr^f e. a. purple colour; 

POurpfifl} am.premiseOf inelosure 
Poaiqaoi, ad. e. wAff ? 
Poorrir, v. to rot, putrefy 
Poarritare, of. rotteniieso 
Pourauite, pursuit; process 
Pouraulvant, sm. a eagididate^ a 

suitor, a pursuer 
Ponrettivre, va. to pursue; to 

prosoeute; put in form; ♦ go 

POnrtant, e. however, notwitk- 

Pourtoar, tm. circumference^ 

Poarvoir, v. to provide; look to 
8e ponrvofr, vr. jto * make ap- 
plication; to sue *" 
Pourvoyeur, sm. a purveyor 
Pourvu, an incumbent 
Pourvu que, c. provided that 
Pousie, sf. shoot; pursiness 
Pooaaer, v. to * push, thrust; 

shave, forcSf * shoot; jut out; 

drive in , 
Poonler, sm. eoal-drnt^ « 

TauBAere, sf. dust * 
Pouatif, ver^ pursy 
PooaBin, sm. a young chick 
PooflBini^re, «/. the Pleiades, or 

seven stars, a cage for young 

Poutre, abeam 
Poutrelle, a small beam 
Poavoir, v. to* be able; * may; 

* COM m^ 

Poavoir, sm. pinoerfiiiterost 
Pragioatiquef sf. regulation 
Pnurie, a meadow, afield 
Praliae, crisp almond 
Vnaae, fiat-bottomed boat 
Pratieftble, 8. a. practicable 
Pradden, sm. a< practitionxr in 

the law, or physic' 
Vnakrae, sf. practice, custom^ 

»kiu, customer 
PnttfquOf S. a. proetieal^ skilful 


Pratiques, clandestint de- 
Pratiquer, vn. to practise; * keep 

company with; tamper with 
8e — , vr. to* be in use 
Fr6,sm. a meadow, field 
Pr^achat, payment before hand 
Pr^adainite, preadamite 
Pr^alable, 2. a. previoks 
Pr^alablement, previously 
Pr^all^ga^, e. a. before quoted 
Prdambule, sm. a preamble 
Pr^au, a green, a yard 
Pr^bende, »/. prebend 
Pr^bendier, sm. a prebendarf 
Pr^caire, at request^ by destrs 
Pr^caire, 3. a. precaHous 
Pr^cairement, ad. precariously 
Precaution, sf. — turn, caution 
Se pr6c§utionner, vr. to * be 

Pr^cddemment, ad, formerly, 

Pr6c6denl, e. a. former 
Prec6der, vr. to prteede^ • go 

Pr^cepte, sm. a precept, rule 
Pf6cepteur, preceptor^ tutor 
Pr^ceptorat, tutorship 
Pr^ccptoriale, sf. — tory 
Precession, — ston 
Pr^che, sm. protestant church; a 

Prftcher, v. to preach; cry up^ 

Prfecheur, sm. a sorry preacher 
Pr^cieuse, sf. a finical woman 
Pr^cieasement, ad. choicely 
Pr^cieux, ae. a. precious; affect- 
ed; over-nice 
l^rdcipice, sm. a precipice, ruin 
Precipitamment, ad. hastily 
Precipitation, sf. —tion 
Precipite, sm. precipitate 
Precipite, e. a. -^ — tated; over- 
hasty; hurried [hurry 
Precipiter, va. to precipitate ;. 
Preciput, sm. jointure 
Precis, summary, substance 
Precis, e. precise^ fixed 
Preciaenient, e. ad. precisely , 
Preciaer, va. to fix, determine' 
Precision, sf. —sion, exactness 
Precoce, a. forward, early r^e 
Preoocea, sm. ph kaitiHge 



Pli6codtt, sf. forwm'dneet in 
Use, ire. 

, to dedmet, dia. 

fruits, puh., , 
Preeompter, va. 


PrecooiaatSon, sf. report, decla- 
Preooniaer, va. to preconise; * 
make a report; to extol (« 
jocular word) 
Pfecaraeur, rai./orertmiMr, Acr> 

Predeceder, vn. to die btfore 
Predeces, sm. death before thai 

of another 
Predeceaseur, predecessor 
Predecesseure, pi. ancestors 
Predestination, */. —tion 
Predestine, e. s. an elect 
Predestiner, va. to predesUnats 
Predetermination, sf. previous 
determination [minate 

Predeterminer, va. to predeter- 
Predicablc, 3. a. -bU, ta logic 
Predicament, sm. — m«nt, nama 
Predicant, a preacher 
Predicat, predicate 
Predicateur, a preaeAer 
Predication, «/.j7r0aeAm^, a ser- 
mon [er 
i2redicatrice,9/. a woman-preach- 
Prediction, prediction 
Predilection, predilection 
Predire, va. to foretell 
Predominant, e. a. — n«a«, pre* 

Predominer, va. to predominatSt 

Preeminence, sf. pre-eminence 
Preeminent, e. a. —nent 
Preexistant, e. a. —tent 
Preexistence, sf. —ce 
Preface, preface 
Prefecture, —ture 
Preferable, 3. a. preferable 
Preferablement, ad. -bly 
Preference, sf. preforencs 
Pteferer, va. to prefer 
Prefet, ant. prefect; inspector 
Preflnir, va. to * set; appoint 
-Prefix, e. a. prefixed, settled 
Prefixion, sf. settled time 
Precnant, e. a. acute, violent 
Prejudice, sm. detriment, lose 
Pre)udiciable,8. a. hurtful 
Prejodicier, va. to pr^jmdke 





F>^Jug6, «ii|. precedent; presage; 

Pxejuger, do. to eonjecture^ pre- 

Se prelasser, vr. ta elrut * 
Pr6iat, sm. a prelate; a drone 
Pr^lation, sf. —tion 
Pr^iature, prelacy 
Pr6te, horsetail (a plant) 
PrSler, va. to rub with horsetail 
Pr61ever, va. to deduct 
Pr^liminaire, 2. a. em. — nary 
Prelire, prepare a copy for 

the press 
Poudre de prclinpinpln, sf. pow- 
der of post; quackery 
Fr^iire, va. to * read and correct 

Prelude, sm. prelude 
Pr6luder, vn. to prelude 
Pr6inatur6, e. a. premature^ not 

yet ripe 
Pr6matur6mentf ad. premature- 
ly , too soon 
Prematurity, sf. —tureness 
Fi^mbditation, —tion 
Pr6m6diter, va. to premeditate 
Pr6mices, ef. pi. firat fruiU; 

Premier, e. a. jj^rst, former 
Prftmierement, ad. first 
Pr6misse8, /., pi. premie/ts 
Promotion, sf. predetermination 
Pr^munlr, va. to forearm 
Be pr^munir, vr. to provide orte's 

Prenabic, 2. a. that may be taken 
Prendre, va. to * take; * catch; 

* put on 
Preneur, se. a taker; a lessee 
Prduoni, sm. first name 
Pr^notion, sf. notiony surprise 
Preoccupation, prepossession 
Pr6occuper, va. to prepossess 
Pr^opinant, sm. first voter 
Pr6opiner, vn- to vote- before 
rr6paratif, ve. a. — tive 
Pr6paratif, sm. preparation 
Preparation, */. —tion 
Preparatoirc, 2. a. preparatory 
Preparer, va. to prepare 
Se preparer, vr. to * get one*s 
self ready [rancy 

Preponderance, */. preponde- 
Preponderaot, e. a. — waling 

Prtport, Ml. an overseer 
Preposer, va. to * set over 
Preposition, sf. —tion 
Prepuce, sm. foreskin 
Prerogative^ sf. — tive, privilege 
Pres, pr. ad. near, hard by^ al- 
most; by 
A peu prea^ within little 
Pt^snge^am. presage^ sign^ omen 
Presager, va. to presage, portend 
Presbyte^ s. one who can only see 
at a distance 

Prrabyteral,e. a. ral^priestly 

Presbytcre, sm. parsonage 
Presbyteriaiiisme, —nism 
Presbyteriat, presbytcrship 
Presbyterien, ne. a. s. — rian 
Prescience, sf. a foreknowledge 
Prescriptible, 2. a. —ble 
Prescription, sf. —tion 
Prescrirtt, vn. to prescribe 
Preseance, sf. precedence 
Presence, presence 
Present, e. a. present., ready 
Present, sm. present time; pre- 

cent tense; a gift; a present 
Presentateur, patron of a bene- 
Presentation, */. —tion 
Presentement, ad. at present 
Presenter, va. to present, offer 
Se presenter, vr. to * come^ ap- 
pear; offer itself 
Preservaiif, ve. a. sm. —tive 
Preserver, va. to preserve^* keep 
Presidence, sf. presidency 
President, sm. president, speaker 
Presidente, sf. president's lady 
Presider, va. to preside; over- 
Presidial, sm. — dial court 

, e. a. ofot belonging to the 

presidial court 
Ptesidialement, ad. without ap- 
Pr6somplif, ve. a., presumptive, 

Presoniption, */. presumption 
Presomptueuseinent, ad. prer 

Presomptueux, se. a. presump- 
Presque. ad. almost, very near 
Presqu'ile, «tf- a peninsula 
Presqu* ombre, penumbra 

Preaaamment, ad. preasimgUf 
Pressant, e. a. pressing, urgent 
Presse, sf. crowd, press; hsurry 
Presse, e. a. in haste; in a hurry 
Pressenient, sm. compression 
Pressemiment, surmieei preeen ■ 

Presseutir, va. to * foresee 
Pressenlir queiqu'un, sift one 
Presser, to * press; squeeze; 

crowd; close; urge; kiasten, 

require haste; tease 
Se presser, vr. to* be in kaeie; 

* lay close 
Preseier, sm. a pressnuM 
Pression, sf pression 
Pressis, sm. juice ox gravy 

squeezed out 
Pressoir, a press; salting tub 
Pressurugc, pressing; wine ea> 

pressed; press -fee 
Preasurer,.va. to * press, squeeze 

* 'wring 

Pressureur, sm. a pressman 
Prestance, sf. noble carriage 
Prestant, sm, chief row of an 

Prestation de serment, */. taking 

an oath 
Preste, 2. a. quicks nitrble 
— , ad. quick 

Prestemcnt, bluntly, hastily 
Presiesse, sf. agility, nimbleness 
Prestige, sm.pnstige, illusion 
Prc'stigiateur, wiza7d 
Presto, sm. ad. — to, quick 
Pre^slolet, priestling 
Pr(3sumor,»a. to presume^ ♦ ihirUt 
Piesupposcr, v. to presuppose 
Prepupposilioji, .<?/. -tion « 
Presure, rennet 
Pr6!, sm. a loan, money lent 
Prol, e. a. ready at hand 
i'retautainti, sf. gadding about 
Pretendant, e. s. pretender^ con* 

Preteiidie, v. to pretend; claim; 

expect; aspire, at; maintain; 

Pretendu, e. a. supposed 
Prete-nom, sm. one who lends to 

another his name 
Pretention, sf. — sion^ daim 
PrSter, vr. to * lend; stretch 
Se prater, vr, to comply; * be 


MUMsarf; hwmtvr; c&tmU- 

nance; favour 
Fr6ter, sm. Umding^ Iwm 
Prtt^ril, preter-tenae 
Pr6t6ritio]i, »/. —iiam 
Fr6tear, se. s. lender 
Fi^teur, pretoTj Roman ruler 
Pr^texte, —text, pretence • 
Fr^tezter, va. to preteTid 
Fretintailles, sf. pi. toomah'a 

trimminga, trinkets [trim 
FrctintaiQer, vo. to furbelow^ to 
Fr^toire, am. judgment-hall; 

pretor'a palace 
Pretorien, ne. a. a. —rian 
Prdtre, am. prieat 
PrdtreflBe, */. apriestesa 
PrStrise) priesthood 
Preture, pretor'a dignity 
Pr^valcir, vn. to prevail 
Se pr6valoir, vr. to take * ad- 

vantage^ to glory in 
Pr6varicateur, am. —tor 
Prevarication, sf. collusion 
Pr^variqueff vn. to prevaricate 
Prevenance, sf. forwardttesa to 

oblige [engaging 

Vre\ensnt,e.a. forward to oblige^ 
Prevenir, va. to prevent; hinder; 

prepoaseaa; aniieipate; * get 

the atari of ^ 
Pri^ventioo, af. prepossessioji 
Prdvenu de crime, arraigned of 

a crime [seeing 

Prevision, af. foreaight, fore- 
Pr6voir, va. to * fereaeot * be 

Pr6v6t, am. provoat^ sheriff 
Pr^YdtalemeDt, ad. by martial 

Pr6vot6, */. provoatshipi court 

andprecinct of a provost-mar- 
Vr^voy^me^ foresight 
Pr^voyant, e. a. provident 
Preuve, af. proof ordeal 
Preux, a. a. eourageoua^ brave 
Vne.DieUjam.praying'deakt pri- 
vate chapel 
Prier, va. to pray^ beg^ invite, 

desire; * beseech, * bid 
Priere, */, prayer, desire 
Prieur, am. a prior 
Prieure, af. a prioresa 
Prieurd, §m. priory 


Primat, a primate 
Primatie, */. primacy 
Primaut6, priority; eldeet hand 

at play 
Prime, premium, prize, prime 
Prime, the finest Spanish toool 
Primer, va. to surpass; prevent 
Vtimeveie^sf primrose; cotDslip 
Primeur, first coming in of 

fruits; newness of liquors 
Primicicr, sm. the dean in some 

Primipile, the first cmturion 

among tA« Romans 
Primitif^ ve. a. am. primitive 
Priniitivement, ad. —vely 
Primo, ad. am. —mo, first 
Primogeniture, sf. birthright 
Primordial, e. a. —dial 
Prince, siju a prince 
Princessc, sf. a princess 
— de coulipse, actress 
Principal, e. a. principal, chief 
Principal, sm. principal, capital 

sum; main poi7it . 

Principalement, ad. paMy, 

Princlpalit6, sf. the place of a 

Princf pjaut6, principality 
Principe, sm. principle 
Principion, a petty prince 
Printanier, e. a, of the spring, 

Printems, sm. the spring; youth 
Priorat, priorship 
Priority, sf. priority 
Pris, e. a. taken, seized 
Prise, sf. taking; prize;* dose; 

hold; scttffie; pinch 
PriB^e, an auctioneer's prize 
Priser, «a. to rate, to value 
Priseur, sm. an auctioneer 
Prismatique, 2. o. —tie 
Prisme, sm. prism 
Prison, sf. a prison, a gaol 
Prieonnier, e. a. a. priaoner 
Pritan^e, am. the councU-houae 

at Jlthena 
Privable, 2. a.'deprindble 
Privataire, am. ireaaurer of a 

Privatif, vc. a. —tive 
Privation, sf. —Hon, want 
Privativement, ad. exclusively 



Privante, af. privity, nttimacy 
Priv6, sm. a privy; house hf 

Privd, e. a. private; tame; pri- 
vy; familiar; intimate 
Privement, ad. intimately 
Priver, va. to deprive, bereave 
Se piiver, vr. to deprive or debar 

one's se{f 
Privilege, sm. privilege, advan- 

Privil6gi6, e. a. *. leged peo- 
PiiviI6gier, va. to privilege 
Piix,-«m. price, rate, prize 
Un prix, a premium. — De prix, 
dtar; au priz de, in compari' 
son of 
Probabilit6, sf. —lity, likelihood 
Probable, 2. a. probable likely 
Probablement, ad. probably 
Probatcur, sm. — tor 
Probation, sf. —tion, trial 
Probatoire, 2. a. probatory 
Probity,- sf probity, honesty 
Piobiematique, 2. a. —tical 
Piobl6matiquement, ad.—tically 
Probleme, sm. problem 
Proc6de, procedure, dispute 
Proceder, vn. to proceed, act 
Procedure, sf. proceeding at lata 
Proct-s, sm. law-suit, action 

verbal, verbal process 

Processif, ve. a. litigious 
Procession, sf. -^sion, proceeding 
Processionnel, sm. —sionnl 
ProcessionneUemcnt, ad. in a 

Procharin, e. a. next, near, nigh 
Prochain, sm. neighbour; felloi» 

Prochalnement, ad. next ■ 
Proches, sm. pi. relations 
Proclie, pr. near, nigh, close to 

, ad. by, hard by 

De proche en procly, one after 

Proclamation, sf. —tion 
Proclamer, va. to proclaim ^ 
Proconsul, sm. —sul 

Proconsulate, sulship 

Procreation, */. - — sion, gen^ 
I ration 
Procreer, va. to ♦ beget 
1 Frocuiateur, em, —tor 



rroeuimtioii, «/• « <«<<•** </ ^^ 

Procuratrice, proxy 
Piocarer, va. to proenre^ * get 
Procureur, mn. attorney^ proxy 
Procureuae, of. attorney's wife 
ProdigalemeiU, ad, —gaily 
Prodigality, sf. extravaganee 
Prodige, em. a prodigy 
Prodigieuflemeot, ad. —giauely 

Frodigieiiz, se. a. gious; 

Prodigue, 2. a. profuse, prodigal 
Prodigae, e. ependthrift 
Prodlguer, va. to laviek^ waste 
Proditoirameat, ad. treacherous- 

Production, sf. —tion; product; 

Produlre, va. to produce, yidd, 

cause, * ma&e, * show 
Be — , w. to *put one's self for. 

Produit, sm. produce, product 
Piodme, profitOy proemium 
* Profanateur, aprofaner 

Profanation, sf. tton 

Profane, "S. a. s. profane; pro- 

Pzofaner, va. to profane^ abuse 
Prof<6rer, to vtUr, to * speak 
Prof(&a, ie. a. », professed m^nik 

Profeaser, va. to profess 
ProfeaBeur, sm. a professor 
Profession, sf. profession^ busi- 
ness, eauing; art; vow 
Profeasoratf sm. —sorsJUp 

Profiler, va,to * draw tlU eon- 
tours [dency 
Profit, sm. profit^ go^^ profi- 
Profitable, 3. a. -^le, useful 
Profiler, vn. to gain, improve; 
profit; * tkrive; * take advan- 

Prorond, c 

, e. a. deep J profound 
Profond^nient, ad. deep^ de^ly 
Profondeur, sf. depth 
Profonti^ (vaisseaa,) skip draw- 
ing muck water 
Pio-fbrma, for form*s sake 
PiofiMiment, wi. profusely 
PcoAision, if, profusion^ pro- 


Prog^nie, progeny, offspring 
Programme, sm. biU upon a door; 

Pn^res, progress, proficiency 
Progressif, ve. a. -^sive 
Progression, sf. —sion 
Prohlber, va. to prohibit, * forbid 
Prohibitif, ve. a. prohibitory 
Prohibition, sf. —tion 
Proio, prey, booty 
Projectile, sm. projectile 
Projection, sf. —turn, cetsting 
Projecturo, juUy, projecting 
Projet, sm. project, rough 

draught, design, scheme 
Projeter, va. to project^ design 
Prolation, sf. — tion 
Prol^gomenes, fm. pi. prolego- 
mena, long preface 
Prolifique, 2. a. proUfie 
Prolixe, 2. a. prolix, tedious 
Prolixement, ad. tediously 
Prolixity, sf. —ty, udiousness 
Prologue, sm. —gue 
Prolongation, sf. — tion, delay 
Prdlonger, va. to prolong 
Prolusion, sf. essay, trial 
Promenade, walk, walking 
Promener, va. to walky to * lead 

Se promener, vr. to walk 
Promenolr, sm. walking place 
Promeese, sf. promise, noU 
Proraetteur, se. s. promisor 
Promettre, va. to promise 
Se ^. vr. to hope; believe 
Prominence, sf. -~ee,jutty 
Promiflsion, lerre de promiasion, 

blesied land 
Promontoire, sm. — tory, cape 
Promoteur, advancer, promoter^ 

Promotion, sf. promotion 
Promouvoir, va. to promote 
Prompt, e. a. ^teA, suddsn^ ac- 
tive, passionate 
Promptement, ad. quickly 
Promptitude, ef. kaste, nimblo- 

ness; passion 
Promulgation, — t»oi» 
Promulgute, vo. to promulgate, 

Prone, sm. sermon^ scolding 
Frtner, va. to cry up ; topreack 


Prftneur, m. s. boastsr; a great 

Pronom, sm. a pronoun 

Pronominal, e> a. — mol 

Prononcd, sm. senUnu, judg 

Proooncer, va. topronaurue^ do- 

Prononciation, sf. pronouncings 

Pronoetic, sm. prognostic, omen 

Pronostication, sf. prognostica- 

Pronostiquer, va. to presage^ to 

* foretell 
Pronostiqueur, sm. foreteller 
Propagande, sf. propagation; 

tke congregation to promote 

Propagateur, sm. —tor, ^reader 
Propagation, sf. — tto» 
Propager, v*. to propagate 
Propension, sf. — sity 
Propbane, vtd. Profane, ice 
Proph^te, sm. a prophet 
Propb^tesse, sf. a prophetess 
Fropb^tie, prophecy 
Proph^tique, 2. a. —^ieal 
Prophdtiquement, ad. —ticattp 
Propb^tiaer, vo. to prophesy^ to 

* foretell 

Propice, 2. a. propitious 
Propitiation, sf. atonement 
Prof^itiatoire, 2. a. —tory 
Propitiatotre, sm. mercy seat 
Proportion, sf. —tion 
Proportionn^, e. a. proportiemr 

able; adjusted 
Proportlonnel, ie. a. — Uonal 
Proportionnellement, ad. ]b-o> 

Proportionn^ment, with propor- 
Proportidnnor, va. to proportion 
Propos, sm. discourse; proposal; 

A pronoa, ad. suitablyt new I * 

think of it 
De propna d61ib6r6, enpurpess 
Proposable, S. a. that maybepro' 

posed . 

Proposant, sm. proposer; stadMt ' ^ 

•» divinity 
Proposer, va. to propose; effer; 

move; * make • aiat^ 


Se propoier, vr. to prtpoM; in- 

tend [motion 

Proposition, sf. — tt<m, proposal^ 
Paio de — , thotobread 
Proposition d'erreur, a vrU of 

Propre, 2. a. proper; oion; noai; 

stif-.fii; ^*' 

Propre, am, property; real es- 

Proprement, ad. properly y netUly 
Propret, te. a. m'c«, neat 
Proprel6, sf. cleanlineee 
Propr6teur, proprietor 
Prapridtaire,«. proprietory owner 
Propridt6, sf. propriety^ property 
Proquesteur, em. a deputy 
Prorata au prorata, in propor- 

I Prorogation, sf. —Hony delay 
I Proroger, va. to prolongs pro- 

roguoy * put off 
Ptosa'ique, 2. a. prosaic 
Prosateur, sm. a proae-toriter 
Proscripteur, a banisher 
Proscription, sf. outlatsry 
ProsGrire, va. to ovilato, banish 
Proscrtt, snt. an outlaw^ fugitive 
Prose, sf. prose 

Proselyte, s. a proselyte^ convert 
Proser, vn. to * terite prose 
ProBodie, sf. prosody 
Prosodique, 2. a. belonging to 

Pro9opopi<be, sf. —popeeia 
Prospectus, sm. plan of a book; 

subscription [vourable 

Prospere, 2. a. prosperous; fa- 
Proep^rer, vn. to prespery to * 
■ thrivey to* be lucky 
Propp^rit^, sf. — rity, good luck 
Prostemation, prostration 
Prostemement, sm. prostration 
Se proBtemer, vr. to prostrate 

one*s self 
Prostitude, sf. prosUtuU 
Prostituer, va. to prostitute^ 
Prostitation, sf. prostitution 

Prostration, tion 

Protasc, */. protasis 
Protecteur, sm. a protector 
Protection, sf. — tto», shelter 
^ Protectrlce, a protectress 
'Prot6c, a protsus 
Prot4g«r va. Uprotft^ d^end 


Protestant, e. a. s. protesimU 

Protestation, sf. protestation 
Protester, v. • to protest, affi.rm; 

summon one to discharge a bill 

of exchange 
Protftt, sm. a protest, summons 
Protocole, a regieter^ protocol 
Protonotaire, prolhoiuttary 
Prototype, — type^ first model 
Protuberance, sf. —ranee 
Prouc, sf. prov of a ship 
Prov6diteur, sm. — tor^ overseer 
Provenant, e. a. accruingt oris- 

Provende, sf. provender 
Provenir de, vn, to proceed 

from; to accrue; to isaue 
Provenu, sm. profit 
Proverbe, proverb^ saying 
Proverbial, e. a. — bial 
Proverbialement, ad. ^^biaUy 
Prouesse, sf. prowess^ exploit 
Providence, providence 
Provigner, v. to propagcUCy in- 
Provin, sm. layer ofavine^ new 

Province, sf. a province^ shire 
Provincial, e. a. s. —cial; coun- 
try-like; country gentleman or 
gentlewoman (6y way of con 
Provincialat, sm. —cialship 
Proviseur, provisori patron of a 

Provision, sf. provision, victuals 
Provisions, pU grant, patents 
Provisionnel, le. a. —siontU 
Provisionnellement, ad. provi- 
Provisoire, 2. a. —sional 
Provisoirement, ad. —sionaUy 
Provocation, sf. —tion 
Provoquer, va. to provoke; urge; 

move; promote 
Pr&uver, to prove; ♦ make good 
Proximity, sf. nearness 
Prude, 2. a. s. sober; prudish 
Prudcmment, ad. prudently 
Prudence, */. — cc, wisdom* 

I Prudent, e. a. prudent^ wise 
Pruderie, sf. prudery^ affected 



Prad'Iminmc, mi. honest wum 
Prud'bomniie, sf. probity 
Prune, a plum 
Pruncau, sm. a prune 
Prunelaie, «/. orchard of pittas' 

Prunelle, a sloe; the pt^U of 

the eye 
Prunellier, vm. m sloe-tre» 
Prunier, a plum-tree 
Psalmiste, psalmist 
Psalmodie, sf. — *^y 
Psalmodier, v. to * singpsoht 
Psalt^rion, sm, psaltery 
Pseaumc, a psalm 
Pseautier, a psalter 
Puainment, ad. stinkingly 
Puant, e. a, sUnkingy fusty 
Puanteur, sf stinky stench 
Pub^re,i2. a. of age for marriage 
Puberty, sf ripe age 
Public, que. a. publict eomnun 
Public, »m. thepkblie 
Publicain, —can 
Publication, sf. —tioni pubUsk' 

Publicity, J9u&2icity [out 

Publier, va. to pvhlishf * put 
Publiquement, ad. publicly 
Puce, sf. afl^a 
Pucelage, sm. virginity 
Puceron, grub, vine-fretter 
Puchot, a water-spout 
Pudeur, sf. modesty, chastity 
Pudibond, e. a. bashful 
Pudicite, sf. —city, virtue 
Pudique, 2. a. chaste, modest . 
Pudiquement, ad. chastely 
Puer, vn. to * stink 
Puerile, % a. puerUCy childish 
Pu^rilemcnt, ad. childishly 
Pu6rilil6, sf. puerility 
Pugilat, sm. boxing 
Puind", e. a. younger, second 
Puin6, am. younger son or br(f 

Puin6e, sf. youuger daughter or 

Puis, ad. then, afterwards 
Puisage, sm. -the Urawing wp 

Puisard, drain-toeU 
Puiaer, va. to * draw up 
Puisque, c. since; seeing that 
Pulasanuncnt, ad, mightily 



Puifnmce, «/. power ^ might 
Puissanl, e. a. powerful; lusty 
Pujts, 8M. a well 
Pulluler, vn. to multiply; to " 

spring up 
PiilmoDaire, 2. a. pulmonary 
Pulmonaire, sf, lungwort 
Fulinouie, consumption 
Pulmnnique, 3. a. consumptive 
Puipe, sf. pulp 
Fulpeux, se. a. pulpous^ soft 
Pulsiltion, sf. — tw7i, beating of 

the pulse 
Pulverin, *i». priming powder 
Pulverisation, sf. — lation 
Pulv6ris<sr, va. to pulverize 
Puinicin, sm. palm-oil 
Punais, c. a. s. one who has a 

fetid nose; buggy 
Pmiaise, sf. a bug 
Pimir, va. to * punish 
Piinissable, 2. a. punishable 
Piniilioii, sf. ptttiishmait [nor 
Piiplliaife, 2. a. —lary, of a mi- 
Pupjilarite, »/. pupillage 
Pupllle, s. ward, pupil 
Pupil lo, sf. Vie eye-ball 
Piipitrc, sm. a desk 
Pur, c. a. pure; mere; clear; 

entire; clean 
Parte, */. pease soup 
Purernent Sc simpleinent, with- 
out any reserve or condition 
Purenient, ad. uprightly; pure- 
ly; entirely; merely 
Purcfi*!, sf. pnrencss; purity 
Purctlo, black shining sana 
Purfjatif, ve. a. s. purging; purge 
Purjtaiion, sf. purge 
Pulsations, pL monthly courses 
Purgatoirc, sm. purgatory 
Purger»»a. to purgCyclcar 
Se — , vr. to take physic 
PurgeriR, */. refining; whiten- 
ing of sugar 
Purilicatioii, —tion, cleansing 
Purilicaloirc, sm. — tory 
Purifier, va. to purify; cleanse 
Purisnie, sm. nicety in the use of 
' expressions 
Puristo, a purist 
Puriiains, —tans, Calvinists 
Ptirpurln, o. a. purplish 
Purpurino, sf. ground brass 
Purulent, G. a. —lent, maitery 


Pus, sm. pus^ matter 
Pttsillanime, 3. a. — nimoiw 
Pusillanimity, sf. —niinity 
Pustule, pustule, pimple 
Putatif, ve. a. supposed, reputed 
Putois, sm. a polecat 
Putrefaction, sf. — tion 
Putr6falt, e. o. putrefied 
Pulr6fter, va. to putrefy, * rot 
Putride, 2. a. putrid, rotten 
Pygm6e, sm. a pigmy, dwarf 
Pyloro, — rus, lower orifice of 
the stomeicA [dieal 

Pyramidal, e. f. — dal, pyrami- 
Pyramide, sf. pyramid, heap 
Pyrrlionieu, ne. a. s. — nian, 

Pyrrhonismc, sm. — nism, scep- 
Pyrrliiquc, sf. a military dance 
Pythie, sf. priestess ofjipollo 
Pylhon, sm. Python, a familiar 

Pytlionisse, sf. Pythoness, witch 


g\ UADERNES, sm. pi. two 
\^ fours {at dice) 
Q,uadrag6naire, 2.a.s. —narious, 

forty years old 
Quadragesimal, c. a. —mat, of, 

or belonging to Lent 
Quadragosime, ,«/. — ma, the first 

Sunday in Lent 
Quadrangle, sm. — glc, square 
cLuadraiigulaire, 2. a. —lar 
Quadrat, sm. quadrat 
Quadrature, */. ^turc; squar- 
ing: motion *^ 
Quadrer, vid. Cadrer 
Quadrieniiial, e. a. quadrenvial 
Quadrifolium, sm. sort of trefoil 

or clover with four leaves 
Quadrilntere, sm. qnadrilater 
Quadrille, sf. troop of horse for 

a carousal 
Quadrille, sm. qnadril (game) 
Qtiadrupede, a quadruped 

,2. a. quadruped, four-footed 

Quadruple, 2. a. sm. fourfold 
Quadmplcr, va. to quadruplicate 
Quai, sm. the quay on a river _ 
Quoiciie, af. a ketch 


QaRkre« cate^ s. a quiUcer 
Quakerisme, sm. —rism 
Qualiticateur, — cator 
Qualification, sf. — tion, name; 

Qualifier, va. to call; to * give 

the title of; to qualify 
Quality, sf. quality, title 
Quand, e. though, if 

ni^me, though; although, if 

QuaiHl, ad. when 

Quant a, ad. as for^ as to . 

Quantieme, 2.a. sm-what, which; 

day of the month 
Quanti i6,sf. auantity^abundance, 

avast deal 
Quarantaine, /ortjr/ quarantine 
Quarante^ 3. a. forty 
Quarantieme, 2. a. fortieth 
Quarre, vid. Carr6, &c. 
Quart,s»t.a quarter; a seaman's 

Quart, e. a. fourtli [years old 
Quartanier, sm. a wild boar four 
Quartaut, a quarter cask 
Quarte, sf a quart; a fourth in 

musi'c, at piquet, ^c. 
Quartet) ier, ^m. alderman of a 

Quarteron, quarter of a pound; 

q%tarter of a hundred 
Quartier, a quarter; quarters; 

Quasi, ad. almost; even 
Quasimodo, sf. Low Sunday 
Quatorzaine, sf. a fortnight 
Qnatorze,2. o. sm. fourteen 
Quatorzienie, 2. a. s. fourteenth • 
Quatrain, sm. stama of four 
Quatre, 2. a./o«r [verses 

Quatre-tenis, pi. ember-week 

— vingts, 2. a. fourscore 

— vingt-dix, 2. a. ninety 

— vingtieme, 2. o. eightieth 
Qnatrieme, 2. a.^sm. fourth 

1 sf.fourik (at picket) 

Quatrieuiement, ad, fourthly 
QuatriennnI, e. a. quadrennial 
Quayage, sm. quay-toll 
Klmi,pro. that,whiehyWhom,what 
Que, ad.- how, how much; (Aon, 

but, less, unless, let, that 
Quel ? quelle ? pro. a. whaJt 
Quelccmque, whatever 
Quel que soil, whtHUter k§ 


Cliielqneibis, ad. tometimes 
Claelqu*un, somebody, one 
Qufliotte, of. frsl tooth 
Quenouille, distaff, bed-post 
Cloenouillt^e, distaff faU 
Quenouillette, little distaff 
QaereUe, a quarrel, debate 
Q,uereUer, vn. to scold, gziarreh- 
Se — , vr. to quarrel 
Querelleur, se. s. a quarrelsome 

man or looman 
Q.uerir, va. to * fetch 
Qnesteur, sm. questor, purser 
Qnestion, sf. question, query, 

matter, debate; torture 
Questionnaire, e^. a torturer 
Questionner, va. to * ask qius- 

Qtiestionneur, sm. an examiner 
Qucsture, sf. questorship 
Q.u^te, quest, search, gathering 
Q,u6te), vn. to hunt; * make a 

g-aUiering; * go a begging 
Clufiteur, e. s. one who makes a 

Queue, sf. tail, train, handle, 
end, latter end, loin; vessel, 

cue, stalk, rear. Queue a 

queue, one after another 
Queue, sf. a bone 
f^ueuXjSm. the king* s master cook 
Qui, pro. that,wko, wkom^ which; 

Qui que ce solt, whoever; no- 
Quiconque, pro. whoever 
Quidain, sm. a certain man 
Quidane, sf. a certain woman 
Quiet, e. a. quiet, at rest 
Quidtisme, sm. — tism 
Qui6ti8te, —tist 
Quietude, */. quietness, rest 
Quignon, sm. luncheon of bread 
Quiliage, a ship-toll 
Quille, sf. a nine-pin, keel 
Quilter, vn. to * throw who is to- 
gether, at nine-pins, «$-c. 
Quillier, sm. nine-pin square 
Quinaud, e. a. abashed, silly 
QuincaiUerie, sf. ironmonger's 

Quincailler, sm. ironmonger 
Quinconce, quincum, checker- 
Quines, sm. pi, two fives (at dice) 


Quinoia, sm. knave of hearts (at 

Quinquag^aire, 2. a. s. fifty 
, years old [day 

Quinquag6sime,«/. -sima-Sun- 
Quinquennal, e. a. —nial 
Quinquina, sm. jesuiVs bark 
Quint, e. a. fifth 
Quintaine, sf. quintin 
Quinte, sf. aviolentfil of cough- 
ing; a freak; quint; fifth in 
Quintc-feuirie, cinquefoil 
Quintessence, — ce; substance 
Quintessencier, va. to be nice or 

Quinteux, se. a. whimsical, pet- 
Quintuple, 2. a. qvintuple 
Quinzain, sm. fifteen all 
Quinzaine, sf. fifteen; fortnight 
Quinze^ 2. a. fifteen 
Quinzieme, 2, a. sm- fifteenth 
Quiproquo, sm. a mistake . 
QuJqueron, a nightman 
Quittance, sf. an acquittance, 

Quittancer, va. to* write a re- 
Quitte, 2. a. quit, clear, free, rid 
Quittement, ad. clear 
Quitter, vn. to quit, * forsake; 
pull or * cast off,* leave, yield, 
* let go, desist, excuse 
Quitteur, se. s. a forsakcr 
Qui-vivel who * goes there? 
— Etre sur le qui vive, to * be 

watchful; to * be uneasy 
Quoaiiler, vn. not to * stand still 
Ciuol,pro. which, what, that 
Quoi ! what! how now! 
Quoique, e. although, though 
Quolibet, sm. quirk; pun, joke 
Quolibetier, punster 
Quotepart, */. quota, share 
Quotidien, nc. a. daily 
Quotient, sm. quotient 
Quotit^, 8. quota, share 





ABACH AGE, sm. tiresome 
repetition in diseowss 

Rab&cher, jm. to*9taketirs»»tiu 

repetitions - 
Rabflcheur, se. one who * makes 

tiresome repetitions 
Rabais, sm. abatement, fall 
Rabaissement, lessening 
Rabaisser, v. to abate; lessen; * 

check; * fall; lower 
Rabat, sm. a band; the tipping 

at nine-pins 
Rabalage, tare, dedtCction 
Rabat-jbie, a sad balk 
Rabattre, va. to abate; bate; * 
tip; * fall on; parry; puU 
down again; to humble; les- 
sen; plait and sew * 
Rabbi, ou Rabbin, sm. rabbi; 

Jewish doctor 
Rabbinage, the study of the rab- 
bis' books 
Rabbiniquc, 2. a. —nical 
R abbinisme,sni. — nism,Judaism 
Rabbiniste, —nisi 
Rab6tir, v. to stupify; * grow 

Rabiilage, sm. patching, piecing 
Rabiller, va. to * patch, to piece 
Rable, sm. back of a hare; rake 

for an oven 
Rablu, e. a. strong-backed 
Rabobeliner, va. to * patch up 
Rabonir, to meliorate 
Kabot, sm. aplane; beater 
Raboter, va. to plane 
Rahoteux, se. a. rugged, rough 
Rabougrir, vn. to * grow, stunted 
Raboqillere, sf.arabbiVs hole 
Raboutir, va. to piece, to * paich 
Rabrouer, to snub, to chidk 
Rabroueur, se. s. snubber 
RiKwille, sf. rabble, trash 
Raccommodage, sm. mending, 

piecing,, patching 
Raccommodement, reconcile- 
Raccommoder, va. to mend; * 

set right, reconcile 
Racccmmodeur, se. s. a mender^ 

a botcher 
Raccordement, sm. levelling 
Raccorder, va. reconcile again% 

to new tune; level 
Raccoupler, to couple again . 
Raccourci, sm. abridgment 
Raccourci, va. to shorten 



Raecoiirdseement, ^m. gkorte»- 

ing, abridging 
Baccoutrement, mending 
Raccoutrer, va. to mend 
Raccoutreur, se. s. a botcher 
Be raccoutomer, vr. to use one's 

self again 
Raccrocner, va. to hook again; 

to recover; to * be reconciled 
Race, sf. race; breed; kind 
Racer, «n. to race 
Rachalander, va. to retrieve 

custom or customers 
Rachat,5in. redemption^ recovery 
Rache, sf. dregs of pitch; scurf 

on the head 
Rachetabie, 2. a. redeemable 
Racheter, va. to * buy again; 

redeem; regain 
Racheuz, se. a. that * has a 

scald head 
Racbitique,2. a. rickettjf 
Rachitis, sm. rickets 
Racine, sf. root, principle 
Raciner, v. to* spring up; dye 

with roots 
Racle-boyaa, mi. scraper, sorry 

Racier, va. to scrape; grate; 

clean; to* strike off com 
Raclcur, snu scraper; sorry 

Racloir, scraper^ rake 
Racloire, sf. a strickle 
Raclure, scraping 
Racolage, sm. the enticing men 

to list themselves 
Racoler, va. to entice men to list 

Racoleur, sm. a crimp 
Raconter, va. to relate^ * tell 
Raconteor, sm. a relater 
Racornir, va. to * make4ough 
R acquit, sm. winning back 
So racquitter, vr. to * win back 
Rade, sf. road for ships 
Radeau, sm. raft of timber 
Rader, sm. to come into a ship*s 

Radeur, sm. salt-meter 
Radial, e. a. radial [out 

Radiation, sf. — ft'an, crossing 
Radical, e. a. radical 
Radicalement, ad. —callyi ori- 



Radicatiion, sf. radieati^ 
Radicule, radicle 
Radi6, e. a. radiated 
Radieux, se. a. radiant 
Radiom^tre, sm. radiometer; 

Jacobus staffs cross-staff 
Radis, a kind of horse-radish 
Radius, Rayon, rodtW, ray 
Radotage, dota^Sj raving 
Radoter, vn. to dotCj to rave 
Radoterie, sf. dotage 
Radoteur, ee. s. a dotard 
Radoub, sm. refitting a ship 
Rodnabement, refitting of a ship 
Radouber, va. to refity caulk 
Radouheur, sm. a caulker 
Radoucir, va. to sweeten^ soften 
Se — , vr. * grow mild; relent 
Radoucjssement, sm. mitigation 
Rafale, sf. a squall 
Se safraiser, vr. to * sink down 
■ again {harden 

Raffermir, va. to strengthen, 
Se — , vr. to * be confirmed; set- 
tled [ing 
Rafiermissement, «m. establish- 
RaiBnage, refi-nement 
Raffinement, refining; affected 

nicety; subtlety 
Raffiner, va. to refine; * be nice 
Se raffiner, vr. to grow sharp 
Raffinerie, sf. sugar-bakehouse 
Raffineur, sm. a sugar-baker; 

hypercritic [fond of 

Rafioler, vn. to * be passionately 
Raffolir, vn. to * grow mad 
Raffuter, va. to * dress or clean 

a hat 
Raile, sf. pair-royal at dice; 

grape's stalk; raffle-net 
Rafler, va. to *■ sweep the board 
Rafraichir, v. to cool, refit,*blow, 

relieve *crop^ *cut off tAe ends 
Se — , vr. to grow cool; to * blow 

fresh; refresh one's self 
Rafraichissant, e. a. cooling 
Rafraichissement, sm. a cooling; 

Rafraichissemens, pi. provisions 
Ragaillardir, va. to brisk up 
Rage, sf. madness, rage 
Ragot, e. a. thick and short 
Ragot, e. s. dwarf, shrimp 
RagOter, vn. to grumble 
Ragouti sm, ragoOj enticement 


Ragoiktnit, e. a. relishing^ plem 

sant, savoury 
Ragouter, va. to revive one*s su^ 

mach; to quicken; stir up 
Ragrafier, va. to * clasp again ' 
Ragrandir, to enlarge; raise 
Ragr^ment, sm. new fronting, 

Ragr^er, va. to new front, to 

fiaiish apiece 
Raie, sf.line, stroke, streak, fur- 
row; thom-back; stripe 
a la raie, one with another 
Rajeunir, va. to * make young 

, vn. to *gTow young 

Rajeunissement, sm. grotoiug 

young again 
Raifort, horse-radish 
Raiiler, va. to rally, banter, jest 
Se — , vr. to jeer, * laugh at 
Raiilcrie, sf. ban t*r-ing, jest 
Railleur, se. a. s. bantering; 

banter er,jceter,jeerer 
Rainceau, sm. leafy bough- 
Raine, sf. a frog 
Rainure, a groove 
Raiponce, rampion 
Raire, va. to shave; bellow 
Rais, sm. a spoke of a wheel 

, beam of light {in poetry) 

Raisin, a grape [grapes 

Raisine, thick confection of 
Raison, sf. reason, sense; proof , 

cause, matter, satisfaction 
Raison, (d'une soci6t6,) a firm 

(in trade) 
Raisonnabie,2. a. reasonable, ra- 
tional,jut't, right, wise, com- 
RHisonnablement,a<2. rationally. 

Justly, reasonably 
Raisonn^, e. a. rationed; accw 

Raisonnement, sm. reasoning, 

judtfment, argument 
Raisonner, vn. to reason; argue - 
Raisonneur, se. s. a reasoner 
Rajustement, sm. reconciliation 
Rajuster, va. to * set in order 

again, recovcile 
RSlle, sv . p-.hcczing, raltUng in 

the throat 
Ralement, rattling in the throaS 
Ralentir, va. to slacken, ahdte, 
Ussen, relent 


llalendflBement, tm. slackening 
lUler, vn. to rattle in the tkroai 
8e raliter, vr. to relapse • 
Baffiement, sm, rallying 
Kallier, va. to rally 
BaUonga*, va. to lengthen 
Ballamer, va. to Ugkf again 
Be — , vr. to kin^ or * break 

out again 
Ramadan, ouRamazan, sm. Ma- 
hometan Lent 
Bamadouer, va. to coax 
Ramadoueur, sm. a flatterer 
Ramadooz, Indian rat 
Ramage, the warbling of birds; 

flowering; a right of cutting 

branches in a forest 
Ramager, vn. to warble^ * chirp 
Ramaigrir, v. to* make or * grow 

lean again 
BamaiUer, va. to '^ dress goats' 

skins shamoy-like 
Bamas, sm. collection,, heaps 
SLamaase, sf. sledge used on the 

Bamasaer, va. to gather^ collect; 

pick up; * bang 
Ramasser, to lead or * drive 

sledges on the snow 
R^maaseur, sm. a sledge driver 
Ramaasis, heap ofragSy Sre. 
Ramberge, sf. advice-boat 
Ramboar, sn^ sort of fine large 

Rambourg, ou Hambourg, sm. 

sort of cask for pickled salmon 
Ramef sf. an oar; a ream; stake 
Rameau, sm. a bough, branch 
— , (in anat.) ramifications 
— , {in war) branch, return gal- 
ley, or arraignee of a mine 
— , {in geneal.) branch \ • 

— , {in nat. hist.) veins of gold, 

silver, 6lrc. in mines 
Rain^e, sf. arbour.a green bough 
Ramender, v. to * fall in price,'- 

to mend; recover 
Ramener, va. to * bring back; to 

Ramequin, sm. Welch rabbit 
RaoieTf vn. to row; * set up 

sticks for peas, ^e. 
— Poifl rara^s, sm. pi. peas that 

grow upon sticks 
Ramoretaa, mi. young ring-dove 





Bameiiz, ae^ a. branchy 
Ramier, sm. wood-pigeon^ rtng- 
dove, stock-dove 

Ramification, sf. tion 

Se ramificr, vr. to ramtfy, to part 

into branches 
Ramingue, a. restive, stubborn 
Ramoindri^, va. to lessen, dimin- 
Ramoitir, to * damp, moisten 
Ramollir, to soften, slMken 
Ramolliasant, sm. emollient phy- 
RamoUitif, ve. a. emollient 
Rauion, sm. old broom 
Ramoner.) va. * sweep a chimney 
Ramoneur,«m. achimney-sweeper 
Rampant, e. a. pant; crawl- 
ing, cringing, servile, mean 
Rampant, sm- sort of truss 
Rampe, sf. flight of staircase; 

balustrade, slope 
Rampement, sm. creeping 
Ramper, vn. to crawl, creepy 

cringe; to be * mean 
Ramure, sf. horns of a deer 
Ranee, 2. a. sm. rancid, rusty 
Rancidity, sf. rustiness 
Rancir, vn. to * grow rancid 
Rancissure, sf. rancidness 
Rancon, ransom 
Ran^onnement, om. extortion^ 

Rangonner, va. to ransom, to 

extort, exact 
Ran^onneur, ae. s. extortion^, 

exactor ^ ' 

Rancune, sf. ri^ncour, grudge 
Rancunier, 6. a>s. rancorous %. 
Rang, fpi.*rank,xpw, tvm, rate, 
■ 9btack, 'cl&ss, oraer 
Rang6e, ^f. a row^ range 
Ranger, va. to * set in order; 
range, rank, * put, * draw 
back, subdue, tame 
Se ranger, vr. to * stand by, to 

side, to veer 
Rangier, 5m. vid. Renne . 
Raniraer, va. to reanimate, re- 
vive, stir up 
Ranulaire, 2. a. ranular 
Ranule, sf. ranula; tununir 
Rapace, 3. a. rapacious, greedy 
Rapacity sf. -—iy, greediness 

Bapatelle, horse hair cloth 
Rapatriement, sm. reconciliation 
Rapatrier, va. to reeoneUe 
R&pe, sf. grater, rasp, file; rape 
R&p^, sm. new wine 
Rdper, va. to grate, * rasp 
Rapetaaser, to * patch up, piece 
Rapetiaaer, v. to lessen; * grow 

less or short; ■* shrink 
Rapide, 2. a. rapid, swift 
Rapidement, ad. swiftly 
Rapidity, sf. —ty, swiftness 
Rapi^cer, va. to piece, * patch 
Rapi^cetage, sm. patched work 
Rapi^ceter, va. to patch; piece 
Rapi^re, sf. a rapier, a sword 
Rapine, rapine, plundering 
Rapiner, va. to pillage, rob 
Rapinerie, sf. plunder 
Rapineur, smfpiunderer \^again 
Rappareiller, va. to * set sail 
Rapparier, to * match again 
Rappel,9m.r0ca/2; second calling 
Rappeller, va. to call back, call 
over again; recall; trace back; 
* draw back 
Ra^pliquer, to apply again 
Se — , vr. to apply one's self 

Rapport, sm. report; produce; 
affinity; respect; rising of the 
stomeuJi; retain, tale 
Rapporter, va, to bring back; 

relate; yield; tell tales 
Se — , va. to agree; join issue; 
refer, relate 
^apportear, ae. s. n tell-tale 
! Rapporteur, sm. recorder, pro- 

trnctor \%^ % 

Aaqiprendre, va. to^ leam'again 
Rapprivoiser, to tame again 
Rapprocbetnent, sm. reconcile- 
Rapproclier, va. to ♦ draw near 

again; reconcile' 
Se — , va. to * come nearer 
Rapsodie, sf. rhapsody . 
Rapsodiste, sm. rhapsodiet 
Rapt, rape; violence 
Rapure, sf. raspings 
Rai;ue, rack; arrack 
Raquette, a racket 
Raquette, ou ^^\et d*Inde, In- 
dian fig-tree 
Raqaettier^ sm. racket-makt» 



Rare, 2. a. rare^ unccnuMn^ 
scarce., iMri, exquisite 

Rar^factif, ve. a. —tive 

Rar^focUoD, sf. —Hon 

Rar^ftant, a. rarejiable 

Rar6fier, va. ta rarefy^ * make 

Se — , vr. to grow thin 

Rarement, a3. rarely^ seldom 

Raret^, sf. rarity^ scarcity 

Rarissime, 2. a. very rare 

Ra«, e. a. shaved close^ smooth^ — 
Couper ras, to cut off close 

Rasade, sf. brimmer ^ bumper 

Rase, caulking pitch 

Rasement, sm. demolishing 

Raser, va. to shave; raze; graze 

Rasibus, ad. close 

Rasoir, sm. a razor 

RasSfide, sf. glass beads 

Rassasiant, e. a. cloying 
.Raasasieinent, sm. satiety 

Rassasier, va. tofiU; satiate 

Se — , vr. to be satisfied^ to* be 

Raasembler, va. to gather; col- 
lect; join togeth^ again; * 
meet a^ain, reassemble 

Rasseoir, vn. to settle; * put 

Se — , vr. to * sit down again 

Rass6r6ner, va. to * make serene 

Se — , vr. to clear up 

Rassi^ger, vo. to besiege again 

RassiB, e. a. stale; staid; settled, 
ealmy sedate 

Rasais, sm. mending of a horse- 

Rassoter, vb to * beset, infatu- 

Rassurer, va. to secure; * set in 
heart again 

Se — , vr. to cheer up again; 

Rat, sm. a rat; small raft 

Ratafia, —fid, cordial liquor 

Se ratatiner, vr. to * shrink^ shri- 

Rate, sf. the spleen 

B&teau, sm. a rake; ward of a 

Ratel^e, sf. a raking 

Rateler, va. to rake 

Ratelenr, sm. a raker 

BateleoX; le. a. «. spUnetic 


Rather, sm. rack; set qf teeth 
Rater, vn. to * snap; * flash in 

the pan 
Ratier, sm. a humorist 
Ratiere, sf. rat or mousetrap; 

a snuM room 
Ratification, —tion 
Ratifier, t)n. to ratify, confirm 
Ratillon, sm. a Utile rat 
Ratine, sf. rateen 
Ratiocination, —tion, argument 
Ratiociner, vn. to argue 
Ration, s. share of provision 
Rationnel, le. a. rational 
Ratiser, va: to stir the fire; ex- 
Ratisscr, va. to scrape, rake off 
Batissoire, sf. an iron rake 
Ratiifflures, /. pi. scrapings 
Raton, sm. cheesecake; small rat 
Rattacher, va. to tie again 
Ratteindre, to * overtake 
Ratlrapper, to * overtake, regain, 

* catch again 
Rature, sf. rasure, scratch 
Raturer, va. to erase, scratch, 

blot out 
Ravage, sm. ravage, waste 
Kavager, va. to ravage * spoil 
Ravaleraent, sm. disgrace; plas- 
tering of a wall 
Ravaier, va. to debate, swallow 

down again; * faU; * lop off 
Se — , vr. humble one's self 
Ravaudage, srn. botching 
Ravauder, v. to botch; scold; to 

trifle; to plapte 
Ravauderie, sf. silly stuff 
Ravaudeur, se. s. a botcher 
Raucit^, sf. hoarseness 
Rave, a radish^ * 

Ravelin, sm. ravelin • 

Ravigote, sf. a shalot-savM 
Ravigoter, va. to revive 
Ravilir, to vilify, disgrace 
Ravin, sm. a hollow road; a 

gutter caused by a flood 
Ravine, «/. a great flood; hollow 

in a road 
Ravir, vn. to * ravish; to charm 
•r- 4 ravir, wond^fully well 
Se raviser,* think better 

of it 
RaviB8ant,e. a.ravei»oi»; charm- 


RaviflBem€nt,«ni. ramshing^ rap* 

ture . 
Ravisseur, a ravisher 
Ravitaillcment, supply of provi- 
sions and ammunition 
Ravitailler, va. to victual again 
Raviver, va. to brisk up; revive 
Ravoir, to * get again, recover 
Rauque, 2. a. hoarse, harsh 
Rayer, va. to streak; erase; r\fla 

a gun 
Rayon,sm. aray; furrow; spoke; 

Rayonnant, e. a. radiant 
Rayonnement, sm. radiation 
Rayonner, vn. to emit rays 
Rayure, sf. stripes, the rifle of a 

Raze, kind of serge 
R^, sm. d, musical note 
Re, and R6, a reduplicative par- 
ticle which enters in the com« 
poeition of Inany words, and 
18 translated into English by 
the word again, or back. Ex. 
6crire, * to write; r6crire, to 
write again; venir, to * come; 
revenir, to come back.— All the 
words in which Re or Ri ifl 
merely reduplicative, are for 
the most part omitted in thja 
Dictionary, and m that of the 
French academy 
Reaction, sf. reaction 
R6aggrave, sm. last threatening 

R^aggraver, vr. to reaggravate 
R^ajoumement, sm. new sum 

R^al, e. a. regal, royal 
Re ale, */. commander's gaUey, 
» real (Spanish coin) 
R6 algal, sm. red arsenic 
R^aliser, va. to realize 
R6alit6, sf. reality [survew 

Rearpentage, sm. second land- 
R^assignation, sf. new assign- 
ment, new summons 
R6atteler, va. to * put to again 
R6aux, sm, pi. reals (Spanish 

R^barbatif, ve. a. erabbea 
Rebattre, to * beat again; shuf- 
fle again; repeat over tmd 


E6baadir, v«. to mceuragt the 

Sel)ec, sm. rebec; fiddle 
RebeliC, 2. a. «. rebellunts; re- 
Se rebeller, vr. to rebel 
£ebellioTi, sf. rebellion 
Se reb^quer, vr. ti * be mala- 
Eebondi, e. a. round, plump 
Sebondir, tm. to rebound 
Rebondissement, sm. rebound 
Rebord, border, hem, ledge 
Reborder, tfa. to new-border 
Rebciurs, sm. wrong aide, wrong 

stnse^ reverse 
Reboura, e. a. cross-grained 
A rebours, au rebours, against 

the grain 
Rebraisser, to brew again; * mix 
together again; *tuck up one's 
Rebroder, to embroider again 
Rebrousecr, va. to turn up the 

Eebrousser, vn. to * go back; to 

* run, or *Jlow back 
A rcbrousse-poil, against the 

grain; peevishly 
Rebroussoir, sm. cloth-brush 
Rebninir, va. to burnish again 
Rebufi'ade, sf. a rebuff, denial 
R6bus, sm. rebus, silly pun 
Rebut^ repulse; trash, refuse 
Rebutant, e. a. crabbed; forbid- 
ding; loathsome 
Rebuter, va.<o refuse with harsh- 
ness; * thrust away; disheart- 
en; disquiet 
Se — , vr. to despond; * be dis- 
Recacher, va. to * hide again 
Se— , * hide one's self again 
Recalcitrant, e. a. reluctant 
R^calcitrer, * be obstinate 
Recamer, va. to emboss in gold 

or silver 
Recapitulation, sf. —tion 
Recapituler, va. to recapitulate, 

to sum up 
Recarreler, tonew-pave,new-sole 
Rec^der, to restore back again 
Rec^lement, sm. concealment 
Reedier, va. to conceal, secret' to 
receive stolen goods 


Recdieur, se. s.reeeiver of stolen 
goods; concealer 

Recemment, ad. lately, recently 

Recensemem, sm. a new verifi- 
caiiun of goods 

Recenser, va. to verify goods 

R6cent, e. a. recent, fresh, new 

Reed page, sm. lopping a tree 

Recdper^ va- to lop the tops of 

Rdc^pigsd, sm. a receipt 

Receptacle, a receptacle, nest; 
common sewer 

Reception, sf. reception^ admit- 

Recette, receipt; recipe; recei- 
ver's office 

Recevable, 2. a. receivable; law- 

Receveur, se. *. a receiver 
Recevoir, va. to receive; admit 
Rechafauder, va. to new^scaffold 
Rechange, sm. change of arms, 

cordage, ^c. 
Rech anger, va. to change again 
Rechanter, to * sing again; to 

* tell over and over 
Rechapper, vn. to escape; reco- 

Recharge, ff/. fresh charge; ad- 
ditional tax 

Rechasser, to * bcathack,'^ drive 

"■ back, turn out 

Rechasseur,' sm. a driver back 

Recbaud, chafing-dish 

Rechauf, Recbauffement, hot 

Rechaufibr, va. to warm again, 
stir up again; renew 

R.echautfoir, sm. small stove for 

Rechausser, va. to * put on 
again; * lay on new earth or 

Recherche, sf. inquiry; search; . 

Recherche, e. a. far-fetched, af- 
fected . 

Rechercher, va. to * seek again; 

* make inquiry; to court 
Rechigne, e. a. crabbed look 
Rechigner, tm. to look gruff 
Rechoir, to* fall again; relapse 
Recbute, sf. relapse; second fall 



Recidive, a relapse 
R6cidiver, va. to relapss 
Recipe, sm. prescription^ r$cipe 
Reclpieudaire, a candidate 
Recipient,— ptext, vessel in ekjf- 

Reciprocation, */. —tion 
Reciprocite, —city 
Reciproque, 2. a. s. reciprocal 
Reciproquement, ad. -^rocalr 

Reciproquer, va. to requite 
Rccirer, va. to wax again 
Recisiori, sf.—sion,dtsanhulling 
Recit, am. recital, account, ra- 
tion, report, recitative 
Recitateur, rehearser, reciter 
R6citatif, recitative 
Recitation, sf. rehearsing 
Reciter, va. to recite, tell, relate, 

repeat, disclaim 
Reclainateur, sm. claimant ^ 

Reclamation, sf. —tion 
Reclame, direction or catchword 
Reclamer, va. to claim, implore, 

object against 
Se reclamer de, vr. to make we 

of one's name 
Reclamper, va, to mend a broken 

mast or yard 
Rec liner, to recline 
Reclouer, to nail again 
Reclure, to cloister up 
Reclus, e. a. s. recluse 
Recogner, v. to * beat back; * 

knock in again 
Recoin, sm. nook; by-place 
Recolement, rercxamination 
Recoler, re-examine 
Recollection, */. -Hon 
RccoUer, va. paste or ^lue again 
Recollet, te. s. Franciscan friar 

or nun 
Se recolliger, vr. to recoUeet 

one's self 
R6coUe, sf. crop, harvest 
Recolter, va. to * meJte the har- 
BecommandabIe,2. a. commend- 

able, praiseworthy 
Recommandaresse, sf. woman 

who keeps an office for maids 

and nurses 
Recommendation, ^f. —vundor 

ti>n, esteem 




Reoammaader, va. to ncam- 

mtndi desire J vrvfffor 
6e — , «r. to look for proteetifin 
Becommencement, ««. new bo- 
Becoinmencer,t; h^n again 
B^compenae, sf. a reward^ 

En — f 4uL tn return 
B^compeoser, va. to reward^ * 

make amende^ compensate 
Becompoeer, to compose again 
BecompositioD. */. —tion 
B6conciliable,3. a.reconeiloable 
Bteonciliateur, sm. reconciler 
B6eonciIiatioD, sf. •^cilement 
B^Goncilier, va. to reconcile 
Beconduire, to reconduct 
B^confert, em. comfort 
R^conforter, va. to cheer; to 

Seconfrontation, sf. the con- 
fronting again t 
Beconfronter, va, to confront 

Beconnoissable, 3. a. easy to be 

known again 
Beconnoissance, ^. gratitude^ 

rewardf confession^ a knowing 

Reconnoiflsant, e. a. grateful. 

aankful - 

Beconnoitre. va. to know again, 

acknowledge, observe 
Be — , vr. to • come to one^s sdf; 

to repent 
Beconquerlr, va. to reconquer 
Reconter, tg relate, or tell again 
Recopier, copy again 
Becoqaillement, mk. shrinking; 

curling up 
Recoquiller, va. to curl; * shrink, 

cock up 
Recorder sa le^on, va. to con 

one^s lesson 
Recorder, to twist again; re- 
Recorriger, to revise 
Recors, sm, bailiff* s follower 
Recoucheri * put to bed 

'—,to* throw down again; to 

bet again 
Be — ,vr.*to goto bed again 
Recoudre, va. to sew agasn 

R^eonpe, sf. mhble of stones; 
ehippng of bread; first bran, 

sm. recess *n a 



wall or building 
Recouper, va. to * cut again 
Recoupette, sf. coarse meal 
Recourber, va. to * bend 
Recourir,9n. to * run again, to 

* have recourse to 
Recourre, va. to rescue 
Recours, sm. recourse; redreee 
Recouase, sf. rescue, help 
Recouver. va. to brood again 
Recouvrable, 2. a. recoverable 
Recouvrement, sm. recovery; 

gathering of taxes 
Recouvrer, va. to recover, to re- 
trieve; levy, gather 
Recouvrir, to cover a^ain 
R6cr6ance,«/. a provisional pos- 
session given in a suit 
R6cr6atif, ve. a. diverting 
R^cr^ation, sf. —tion, sport 
Reorder, va. to recregie, refresh 
— — , to create anew/regen^ate 
Se — , vr. to refr^h or divert 

one's self 
R6cr6m«ntt smj'—ment, dross 
Recr^pir, parget again 
Se r^crier, vt. to reclaim, cry out 
R6crimina)|bD, sf. —tion 
R^criminer, vn. to recriminate 
R^roqucviller, vn. to shrivel, to 

* shrink up, to roU up 
Recru, e. a. jaded, quite spent 
Recnie, */. recruit, recruiting 
Recruter, va. to recruit, fill up 
Recta, ad. directly, straight 
Rectangle, S2. a. e. rectangle 
Rectangalaire, 2. a. —lar 
Recteur, sm. a rector 
Rectification, */. —tion, refining 
Rectifier, va. to rectify, refine 
Rectiligne, 2. a. rectilineal, or 

Rectitude, sf. rectitude; equity 
de la vue, directness of the 

Recto, sm. the first page of a 

Rectoral, e. a. rectoral 
RectonaU sm. rectorship 
Rectorene, sf. rectoru 
RegUi sm. a receipt, discharge 


Recaeil,-a. eottection 
Recueiliement, recoUeetUm 
Recueillir, va. to gather; * reap; 
recollect; compile; eum up 

sea e^rits, to come to one*s 

self again 
Se — . vr. to meditate 
Recuire, va. to roast or boU 

again; toneal 
Recuit, e. a. overdone; nealed; 
done again 

, e. *. neaUmg, baking 

Recu., sm, a recoil, recoiling 
Reculade, sf. drawing back 
Recuit, e. a. distant, remote 
ReculemenL sm. putting off, 

drawing back, delay 
Reculer, va. to * put back, * fall 
back; retard; recoil; extend; 
shift; * give ground; to * fun 
A reculons, backwards, unwill- 
R6cup6rer, vn. to recover 
Recusable, 2. a. excepticnable 
Recusation, sf. exception in law 
R^cuser, va. to except against 
R^dacteur, sm compiler 
Redaction, sf. digesting, compilr 

Redan, sm. redan 
R^darguer, va. to rebuke, re- 
prove [up 
Reddition, */. surrender, giving 
Red^faire, va. to * undo again 
Redemander, ask again; require 
R^deinpteur, sm. Redeemer 
Redemption, sf. —tion 
Redevable, 2. a. indebted; bound 
Redevance, */. rent, service 
Redevancicr, e. s. tenant, vassal 
Redevenir, vn. to * become again 
Redevoir, to owe still 
R6diger, va. to commit to writ- 
ing; digest 
Se r6dimer, vr. tofree one's self 
Redingote, sf. ricfing coat 
Redire, va. to say * over again; 

to blab; to* find fauU 
Rediaeur, sm. repeater, tell-tale 
Redite, sf repetition, taMolo0 
R^dondance, redundance 
Redondant, e. a. superfiuoua 
R6donder, va. to redound; (» 
reflect ■ 


BedonneFf * give againy * fall 

9n again 
Redorer, to new-gild 
Redoublement, sm. a violent fit; 

Redoublemens, pi. paroxysms 
Eedoubler, va, to new-line; to 

increase} redouble^ 
Redoutabie,2. a-forwiddble^ aw- 
Redoiite, rf. a redoubt 
Redouter, va. to fear, dread 
Bedrcfistment, sm. reforming 
Rcdreeser, va. to rectify; * make 
straight again; * set up again; 
redress; do justice 
Be-~^*grow straight again; 

to * be trimmed 
Redfeseeur, sm. redresser ; a 

sharper, sponger 
BcdresfieuEe, «/. subtle courtesan 
I R^ductible, 2. a. reducible 

I R^dacUf, ye. a. reductive 

Reduction, */. ~tion^ reducing 
£6duiie, vn. to reduce, subdue . 
compel ; reform ; digest j con- 
Se rdduire, vr. to amount; he 
reduced; mend; * come; va- 
R^duit, sm. a little habitation ; 
by-place; nook; intrinchment 
R^dupticatif, ve. «: —iive 
Reduplication, sf.^tion 
£66dificatioiif re-edifying 
R^^difier, va. to r»-edify ; ♦ re 

R6el, le. a. real, true, current 
R^^kction. sf. re-election 
R^ellement, ad. really, indeed 
Rter, vo. to billow 
RefaGonner, to form again 
Refaction, sf. abatement 
Refaire, vn. to * do again; 

mend; * deal again 
Be refaire, vr. to recover; to 

Refait, sm. a drewn game 
R^fectiOB, sf. repast, repair 
R^fectoiie, ««. refeetoiu 
Refendf mur de refend, parti- 
Rfifendre, va. to * cUave agi 
R^f<fti^, «1R. report \cery 

R^ffizendaire,--— clary tn chen- 

Riftrer, va. to refer, report 
Se r^fferer, vr. to * be referred ; 

Refermer, v. to * shut again; 

close up again, to heal 
Referrer, va. to new shoe a horse 
R6fl6cbir, to * think on, rtfiect 
R^fl^chissast, e. a. refiexive 
R6fl6chiesement, sm. refiution 
Reflet, reflexion of the light 
Refl^ter, va. to r^ect the light 
Refleuret, sm. iccond sort of 

Spanish wool 
R^neuiir, vn. to blossom, or 

flourish again 
R^flese, 2. a. reflected 
R6flexibUit6, sf. -^lity 
R^flexible^ 3. a. —ble 
Reflection, sf. reflection, medi- 
Refleiif, vn. to * r^ow 
Refiuz. sm. ebb, reflux 
Refocder, va. to refund 
Refondre, new-cast; melt again; 

Refonte, sf. melting down again 
R^formable, 3. a. that may be 

R^foimateur, sm. reformer 
Reformation, sf. -^ticn; reform 
Reforme, reformation; reduce- 

ment of troops 
Refoimes, sm. pi. Protestants 
Refoime, e. 8. a puritan 
Reformer, va. to reform, eeiskier 
kefuuler, to full; * stamp again; 

ebb; * go against tide; to 

ram ; to work a hat again 
Refouloir, sm, cannon-rammer 
Refourbir, va. to newfurbish 
Reftactaire, 3. a. refractory 
Refi action, sf. — tion 
Refrain, sm.a burden {of a song) 
Refrangibilite, sf. —lity 
Refrangible, 3. a.^gible 
Refrener, va. to rejrain, to curb 
Refrigerant, e. a. cooling 
Refrigerant, «iii. a cooler 
Refrigeratif, ve. a. s.^tive 
Refrigeration, sf. a cooling 
Rclringent, e. a. refractive 
Refrcgnement, sm. a suUenness 

of look 
St refrogner, vr. to * knit ene*» 

brows; to * le^k grim 



Refroidir, v. to cool; refresh; 

* make cold; * grow eool 
Se— , vr, to * become cool; to 

slacken; to relent 
RefioidlKsement, sm, cooling; 

Refuge, refuge ; excuse 
Edlugie, e. s. a refugee 
Se lefugier, vr. to * fly for rf 

Gefus, sm, refusal, denial, rt- 

Refuser, va. to refuse, deny 
Se refuser quelque chose, to de- 

nv one's self eomething 
Renision, sf. refunding 
Refutation, —tion, confutation 
Refuicr, va. to refute, confute 
Regagner, va. to * win back; * 

reach " 

Regaillardir, to enliven again 
Regain, sm, aftergrass or math 
Regal, a treat; a feeut 
Regale, */. regale; right 
Rei^altment, sm. assessment; le- 

Regaler, va. to treat; assest; 

Re^aliste, sm, incumbent of a 

Regard, a look, view 
Regaidant, looker on, spectator 

, a. regardant (in heraldry) 

Regaider, va. to * look at, oton; 

* behold; face; front; consi" 

dtr; concern 
Rcgates, races of gondo- 
las, at Venice 
Regayer, va- to comb flax 
Regayoir, sm. aflax-comb 
Regayure, */. refuse of flax 
Regence, regency; schoolmaster- 
Regeneration, regeneration 
Regenerer, va. to regenerate 
Se 1 egenerer, vr. to *grow again 
Regent, e. a. s. regent; protee- 
" tor; schoolmaster 
Regenter, vr. to * keep school i 

to domineer 
R^ernier, to bud again 
Regicide, sm. -de; kmg-kiUerj 

murder of a king 
Regie, sf. administration 
Regimb^ment, sm. kicking 



B^ghnber, m. to *kiek; to dis- 

Ugime, om. diet; regimen; ad- 

minietration; government 
B^giment, sm. a regiment; a 

great number 
Rf ginglette, sf. a bird-trap 
Region, a region 
R^gionnaire, a. m. regionarf 
R^gir, va. to govern; to rule 
R6giaseur^ sm. a manager 
Rigistraire, a register-keeper 
R^gistrata, enregistered deeds 
R^gistrateur, sm. a recorder 
Registre, regitre, register^ record 
Registrer, regitrer, v. to register 
Rigle, sf. rule; ruler ; pattern 

model; a sum • 
Riigldf e. a. set; regular ^ order- 
ly; exact 
R^glement, sm, regulation 
R6gI6inent, ad. regularly 
Rdgler, va. to rule; regulate; 

order; assign 
Rdglet, sm. a reglet; ruler 
R6gleur, se. s. ruler of books 
R^glisse, sf. liquorice 
Rdgloir, sm. a ruler 
R6glure, sf. ruling; lines 
Regnant, e. a. jrcigningf predo- 
minant; chief 
R^gne, sm. reign, kingdom^ ike 

papers triple croum 
Regner, va. to reign; rule; reach 

along; * be in vogue 
R^gnicole, s. a denizen 
Regonflement, sm. the swelling 
of the waters by some obstruc- 
Regonfler, vn. to * swell {of wa- 
Regorgcroent, sm. overflowing 
Regorger, vn. to * overflow; 

Regouler, va. to snub ; to * give 

a crabbed answer 
Regouriner, to • cuff a^ain 
Regoftter, to taste agatn 
Regrat, sm. regrating, huckster- 
Regratter, va. to*scratch again; 
scrape the outside of a house ; 
new-vamp; huckster 
Regrattene, sf. huckster's trade 
Regrattier, e. s. a. huckster 

HE! ^ 

Rcgreflbr, va. to new-gritfl 

Regrds, sm, a regress 

Rciret, regret; concern; grudg- 

Regrets, sm. pi. complaints^ 

woes, lamentations 
Regrettable, it. a. to be lamented 
Regretter, va. to regret; to 


igulariser, va, to arrange^ dis- 
R6gularit6, sf. regularity 
Rigule, sm. regtUus 
R^gulier, e. a. regular, punctual 
Rigulier, sm. regular monk 
R^gulierement, ad. regularly, 

Rehabilitation, */. — tion; ro- 

Rdhabiliter, va. to reinstate 
Se r^habituer, vr, to us^ one's 

self again 
Rehacber, va. to mince again or 

Rehaussement, sm. raising 
Rehausser, va. to raise; enhance 
Rehauts, sm, pi. sky parts in 

Rehcurter, va. to * knock or ♦ 

hit again 
RejaiUir, vn. to spirt up; to 

Rejaillissement, sm. resilience 
Rejet, sucker; new assessment of 

a tax; refusal 
Rejeton, sucker; sprig 
Rejettable, 2. a. that deserves to 

be rejected 
Rejetter, va, to * throw back; to 

* cast up, reject,swarm;* shoot 

again; to * lay 
Rdimpressjon, sf. reprinting 
RdimprJmcr, va. to ff print 
Rein, sm. the reins, kidney 
Reins, ;?{. the loins; the back 
Reine, */. a queen 
Reine, sort of fne tulip ; sort 

of ancient coin 
Reine-claude, greengage 
Reinette, rennet, pippin 
Re installer, va. to reinstall 
ReJnte, c. a. strong-backed 
Reintegrande, */. a replevy 
Reintegrer, va. to restore one to 

his own; imprison again 


R^indre, to * put together 

again; to * meet again; rojoin; 

* overtake 
Se — , vr. to * be joined together 

again; to * conie togethdr 

Rejoilir, va. to r^oiee; revive 
Rejouissance, sf. rejoicing 
Reiteration, */. —tion 
Reiterer, va. to repeat 
Reitre, sm. reistre (German 

nn vieux reitre, an old fox 

a sharp fellow 
Rel&clie, sm. relaxation 
Relache, sf. road, harbour, ftay 
Relaclie, e. a. loose, remiss 
Rei£lchenient, sm. slackening ; 

relaxation; abatement; con- 

Relucher, va. to slScken; re- 
lease; remit; * put into 
Se — , vr. to ■? grow remiss ; ♦ 

forego; * unbend one's mind 
Relais, sm. fresh horses; reluff 

for hounds; leisure 
Relancer, va. to rouse; to * gtve 

(,ne a Rowland for his Oaver 
Relaps, e. a. s. a relapse 
Rciargir, va. to * make wider 
Relator, to new-laih 
Relatif, ve. a. relative 

, sm. a relative 

Relation, sf. —tion, narrative 
Reiativenient, ad. —vely 
Relaxatif, ve. a. laxative 
Relaxation, sf. —tion 
Relaxer, va. to release 
Relayer, to relieve; * take fresh 

Se —, «r. to rest one's self; to 

relieve one another 
Relegation, sf. banishment 
Rciegui-r, va. to banish, exile 
Relent, sm. a musty smell 
Relevailles, sf pi. the churching 

of a woman 
Releve, e. a. raised: noble; 

lofty; high 
— — , sm. raising again; extract 

of a reckoning; shifting of a 

horse's shoe 
Reiev^ef sf. the afternoon 
Rdcvemcnt, em. raising up 



' Relever, vo. to raite agahk; 

* Bet off; extol; relieve; lift 
up; turn up; * tuck up; ease; 
fuicken; raise 

Se relever, vr. to recover a lose; 

* get up again; appeal 
Bdiage, em. new hooping 
Relief, relievo; relief; ornament; 

finje; offals 
RelLer, va. to * bind; Ue again; 

to new-hoop * 
Relieur, sm. a bookbinder 
Religieusement, ad. godlif 
Religieux, se. a. reUgieue; pious 
Religieux, se. a religious monk^ 

or nun 
Religioo, sf. religion; piety 
Religionnaire, s. a dissenter 
B«liquaire, sm. shrine for relics 
Reliquat, sm, remainder of an 

account^ a remnant 
I Reliqaataire, one that is behind- 
hand in his accounts 
I Reliqiie, sf. a relic 
I Rcliques, pi. relics; remainders 

Relire, va. to * read over again 
Reliive, sf. binding 
Relouer, v%. to * let again; 

under * let 
Reluire, vn. to * shine, glitter , 
Reluiaant, e. a. shining 
Reluqucr,va. to cast sheep* s eyes, 

or leer upon 
Ralastrer, va. to * give a second 

Rcin&cher, to chew again 
Remaconner, to repair 
Remander, to * send word again 
Rcmainer, to handle again; to 

* do over again 

Se reraarier, vr. to marry again 
Remarquable, 2. a. remarkable 
Remarque, sf. remark, note 
Remarquer, va^to * make an- 
other mark; observe 
Remarqueur, sm. an observator 

{in contempt) 
Be remasquer, vr. to * put on 

one's mask i^ain 
Remballer, va. to * pack- up 

Rembarquement, sm. re-embark- 

Rembarquer, va- * to re-emltark; 
to engage again 

■ REM 

Rembarrer, to baffie with keen 

words; repulse 
Remblai, sm. the working for a 

bank; a causeway 
Remblaver, va. to * sow again 

with corn 
RemboitemeDt, sm. setting into 

joint again 
Remboiter, va. to* set into joint 

Rembourrement, sm. stuffing 

Reinbourrer, va. to * stuff 
Rembouraeraent, sm. reimburse- 
Rembourser, va. to reimburse 
Reinbrocher, to * spit again 
Rerabrunir, to * make dearer 
Rembruniasement, sm. the being 

Rembuchement, driving back 

into the lair 
Se rembucher, vr. to • go back 

into the lair, to * sknlk 
Remade, sm. remedy; medicine, 

Rem^dier, vn. to remedy 
Remeler, va. to mix again 
Remfimbrance, */. — brance 
Rem^moratif, ve. a. remem- 
Rcm^morer, va. to * put in 

Remener, carry or bring back 
R^mercier, to thank, dismiss, 

divest of 
Reroerciment, sm. thanks 
Rem^T^, power of redemption 
R^m^rer, va. to redeem (tit law) 
Remettre^ va. to * put or * set 
again; delay; * forgive; re- 
store; recover; resign; commit; 
remit; * send 
Se remetlre, vr. to recollect; re- 
fer; * be reconciled; recover 
Remeubler, new-fumish 
Reminiscence, sf. memory 
Remise, a ceach-kouse; thicket; 

delay; remittance 
Remiser, va. to back a carriage 
Remissible, 2. a. remissible 
Reralasion, sf. remission 
R^missionnaire, sm. the party 

who has a p ardon 
Remener, va. to carry back 



R^molade, sf. a kind of sharp 

Re mole, whirlpool 
RemoUient, e. a. emollient 
Remollitif, ve. a. emollient 
Remonte, sf. a set of new horses 
Rcmonter, va. to * go up again; 

* make up again; * wind up 
again; * run back; remount; 

* set up i^ain; lift up; trace 

Remontrance, sf. remonstrance; 

Remontrer, va. to remonstrate; 

show again; * teach again; 

advise, represent 
Rcmordrc, to * bite again 
Remora, sm. obstacle^ didaiy 
Remords, remorse 
Remore, sf. a sea-lamprey 
Remorque, towing of a ship 
Remorqucr, va. to tow a ship 
Remotis a rdmotis, aside 
Remoiidre, va. to * grind again 
Reinouiller, to wet or * dip 

again; anchor again 
Remouleur, sm. a grinder 
Remniis, dead water 
Rempaillcr, va. to stuff, mend 
Rempaquement, sm. barrelling 

of herrings 
Rempaqueter, va. to pack vp 

Rempardierei sf. a prostitute^ 

Remparement, sm. a fence 
Se retnparer, vr. to intrench otui't 

Rempart, sm. a rampart; fence 
Remplacement, replacing; conk- 
pens ation * 
Rempiacer, va. to replace; * 

make amends 
Remplage, sm. a filling up 
Rempii, folding tn, taking in 
Remplier, va. to * take in; turn 

Remplir, to fill up; fill again; 

Remplissage, sm. laee-mending; 

a filling up 
Remplisseuse, sf. lace-mender 
Rempioi, sm. replacing of me- 

ney, compensation 
Remployer, va. to use again 



Remplii^, to nem-featker 
Se — , t^^put on new feathers; 

Ut * begm to thrive 
Kempocher, to pocket up again 
RompoiasonDement, am. the neto- 

stocking of a pond with fish 
RempoisBonner, va. to new-stock 

with fish 
Reraporter, va. to carry back; 

obtain; *get 
Remuage, sm. a vMving 
Remuant, e. a. stirring; un- 
quiet; uneasy 
Remue-m^nage, mi. removing; 

commotions; noise 
Reniuement, removing; disturb- 
ance; stir; motion 
Remuer, va. to move^ stir 
Se remuer, vr. to move; «t»V, 

remove, bestir one's self 
R6mucuse, sf. a woman who 

rocks a ehUd 
Remugle, am. mustiness 
R6mun6rateur, rewarder 
Remuneration, sf. reward 
R^mun^rer, va. to reward 
Renaissance, sf. new birth; re- 
generation, remval 
Renaltre, vn. to revive; * spring 
up again; * be bom again; 
rise again 
R^nal, e. a. renal; of the loin 
Renard, sm. a fox, a eunning 

Renarfle, sf. a she-fox 
• Reuardeau, sm, afox^s cub 
Renaidier, a fox-catcher 
Renardit^re, sf. afox*s bury 
Rnnasquer, vn. to snuffle 
Renchainer, vo. to chain up 

Rench^rir, «. to make dearer; 
* grow dearer, excel [price 
R6nch6rlssement, sm. rising in 
Rcncbier, large rein-deer 
Rencogner, va. to press close 
Rencontre, sf. accidental meet- 
ing; accident; rencounter; 
pun; occasion 
Rencontrcr, va. to * meet; hit; 

pun; *find; *faU in with 
Se — , vr. to meet together; to 

agree; to tally 
Rencoraer, va. to * make a new 
bodice, or stays 


fie rendetter, * run in debt again 
Rendez-vous, sm. assignation, 

the place of meeting 
Rendonn^e, sf. the windings of 

a hunted animal; tedious talk 
Rendormir, va. to lull to sleep 

Be — , vr. to * fall asleep again 
Rendpubier, va. to turn in; fold 

Rendre, to render; restore; pro- 
duce; void; surrender; express; 

Se rendre, vr. to surrender; 

yield; repair; resort; * run; 

* be spent; tb * lead to; to 

* fall into 

Renduire, va. to new-plaster; 

daub over again 
Rendurcir, to harden again 
Rene, sf. the rein of a bridle 
Ren^gat, sm. a renegado 
Renette, sf. apple-pippin 
R6netVS, farrier^ sparing knife 
Renfaiter, va. to , new^oof a 

Renferm^, sm. musty 
Renfermer, va. to * ehut up 

again; enclose; include 
Se — •, vr. to recollect one^s self 
Renfiler, va. to thread again 
Renflammerj to new-kmtUe; in- 
flame agatn 
Renflement, sm. swelling of a 

Renfler,* swell again 
Renfoncement, sm. hollow place 
Renfoncer, vr. to new-head or 

bottom a cask; * sink again 
Renforcement, sm. strengthen- 

Renforcd, e. a. thick, strong 
Renforcer, va. to reinforce; 

strengthen; fortify, raise 
Se — , vr. to gather strength 
Renfort, sm. supply, recruit, re- 

Rengagementi sm. re-engage- 
Rengager, va. to pawn again, 

re-engage one's seif 
Rengainer, to sheath, * put up 
Se rengoiger, vr. to bridle it 
Se rengouffrer, to be ingulfed 


Rengr^gement, mm. inerease ^ 

a disease 
Rengr6ger, va. to inerease one*9 

disease or sorrow 
Rengrenery to * put again com 

in the mill-hopper 
Renliardir, to spirit up again 
Reniable, 2. a. that may be dc 

nied * 

Reiiicment, sm. cursing and 

Renier, va. to deny; aJbjure; • 

curse and * swear 
Renieur, se. s. profane swearer 
Reniflerj va. to * snuffle 
Reniflene, sf. snuffling up 
Renifleur, se. s. one who snufflcM 

Reniveler, va. to level a piece of 

ground again 
Renne, sf. a rein-deer 
Renoircir, va. to blacken again 
fieuoni, sm. renown, fame 
Rcnommd, e. a. renowned; fa 

mous; noted * 

Renomm^e. sf. fame, report 
Renommer, va. to • give repuU ' 
Renonce, */. rcMmnce; trump 
Reuoncemeut, sm. renouncing 
Renoncement t soi-m^me, se\f 

Renoncer, v. to renounce; for 

sake, revoke 
Renonciation, sf. renundaUon 
Renoncule, ranunculus 
Renovation, renovation 
Renoii6e, blood-wort 
Renouement, sm. reeoncUiaUon 
Renouer, vn. to tie again; rm 

new, reconcile, resume 
Renoueur, sm. a bone-setter 
Renouveau, the spring 
Renouvellement, renewing; r§» 

Renouveller, va. to renew; r»- 

Se — ,'vr. to * be renewed 
Renseignement, sm. a token 
Rensemencer, va. to new * eew 
Rentamer, to* cut again 
Rente, sf. rent; yearly incoms 
Renter, va. to endow 
Rentier, e. s. annuitant; tenant 
RentoUef, va. to * put other Unm 


Rentcnmer, to turn up again 
Beutortiller, to new-twist 
Rentraire, to fine-draw 
Reutraiturc, sf. fine-drawing; 

Reatrayeur, w. s. fine-drawer 
RentHe, sf. beginning of term; 

opening of the eessions; taking 

in at cards 
Rentrer, »n. to * eomoy * go^ at 

* get in again 

Renveraei a la renverae, hack- 

Renvereement, sm, overtiming; 
ruin; pulling down 

Renvvrser, «a. to * throw down, 

* overthrow; ruin; overturn 
RenyerBeur, sm. overthrower 
Renvi, an increase 

Renvier, vn. to increase; im- 
prove upon; surpass; * outdo 

Renvoi, sm. sending back; re- 

Renvoyer, va. to * send again; 
*send back, dismiss^ *put offf 
return^ deny., refer 

Repoire, sm. haunt or den of 
vfild beasts; shelter of thieves, 
hare's dung 

Repairer, va. to haunt^ as wHd. 

Repaiisir, to thicken again 

Repaitre, to *feed, bait 

Se — , vr. to * feed upon; de- 
light in 

Repaitrir, va. to knead again 

R6pandre, to * spiU^ * shed, 
scatter; * spread; leak; * 

Se —jvr. to He spiUed^or *shed; 
to* be lavish of 

R6parable, 2. a. reparable 

R^parateur, sm. repairer; re- 

Reparation, sf. repair; repara- 

R6parer, va. to repair^ retrieve; 

* make amends; recover 
Reparoitre, to appear again 
Repartie, sf. repartee; reply 
Repartir, v. to* set out again; 

* go back again^ reply 
R6partir, to distribute, assess 
Repartition, sf. assessment 
Sepav, em. a reptLst; nuol 


Repasser, v. to repass., carry over 

again^ whet again; to iron., 

call ooer, revise, polish 
Repaver, va. to new-pave 
Repay er, to * pay a second lime 
Repdcher, tofinh up again 
Repeigner, to comb again 
Repcindre, to * draw or paijH 

Repeiiser, to * think of again 
Repentance, sf. repentance 
Repentant, e. a. repentant 
Se repentir, vr. to repent 
Repentir, sm. repentance 
R6percu88if, ve. a. —cussive 
R6percu8sion, sf. —sion 
R6percuter, va. to repercute; to 

r^ct; * drive back 
Reperdre, to lose again 
RepAre sm. a mark, a sign 
Repertoire, --tory 
Repeaer, va. to weigh again 
Repetaillcr, va. to repeat over 

and over, tire 
Repeter, to repeat; to* do again, 

to * teach in private 
Repetiteur, sm. private teacher 
Repetition, sf. —tion, tautology, 

rehearsal, recovery 
Repeaplement, sm. supplement, 

Repeupler, va. torepeople; re- 
plant, stock 
Repic, sm.repeck (at picket) 
Repiler, on. to pound again in 

a mortar 
Repiquer, to * prick again 
Repit, sm. respite; drlay 
Repiacer, va. to place or * lay 

Repiaider, to* go to law again 
Replancheyer, to new-fioer 
Replanter, to transplant 
ReplAtrer, to new-plaster 
Replet, te. a. replete, too fat 
Repiedon, sf. —tion, surfeit 
Rep}ti,sm,afold, winding recess, 

Replier, vo. to fold again; turn 

Se replier, vr. to* fall back, 

wriggle' (as a STiake) 
Replique, sf. reply, replication 
RepUquer, va. to reply, a 
RepUaeer, to plait aga*n 



Replonger, to * dip m dive, 

again; to involve again 
Repolir, to polish again 
Reponoe, sf. ramptons, an herb 
Repondant, sm. baU, surety, re- 

Repondre, v. to answer^ r^lyt 

agrei; * leap; bail; warrant, , 

equal, solve 
Repons, sm. response 
Reponae, sf. answer, r^lu 
Reporter, va. to carry back 
Repos, sm. rest, guict, landing- 

place, pause 
Rcposee, sf. lair of deer 
Reposer, v. to rest, slumber.*lie, 

*lie by, * lie sHU 
Se repoeer, vr. to take rest, eet- 

Reposoir, sm. resting-plaee,altar 

(among the Papists) 
Repouser, va. to marry again 
Repouasement, sm. recoihng, re' 

pulsing, repelling 
RepouAer, va. to r^el, rq^ulee, 

recoil, bud again 
Repouasoir, sm. driver, ehisd 
Reprehensible, 2. a. —sible 
Reprehension, sf. —sion 
Reprendre, va. to * retake; ra> 

new; resume; * chide; * carp; 

profit; reply; ■* take up a 

Se reprendre,or. to coUeet one* 9 

self, te close again 
Represailtea, sf. reprisals 
'- Par repreaailles, through r§' 

venge; tit for tat 
RepresentantjAm. apraxy ' 
Repreaentatii, ve. a. —tive 
Representation, sf. —tion; m- 

hibition; acting 
Representer, va. to reprewnt; 
produce; call to mind;, act; 
act like one*s self; peKeonate 
Se— . t>r. to fancy 
Repreter, vn. to * lend again 
Reprimande, «/. repriinand 
Reprimanded', va. to rq^reve 
Reprimer, to repress, earft 
Reprise, sf. retaking; renewing, 
burden of a eontt; time; re- 
turn; a «Atp retaxen; a game 
(at cards) 
Repriser^va* to new-e^raiet 



Reprobation, «/. —tion 
Reprochable, 2. a. reproat^ful; 

Reprocbe, sm. reproach; up- 
braiding; exception 

against a lettnesa 
Beprocber, va to reproach, ex 

eept against, to grudge 
Reproduction, sf. — tion 
Reprodiiire, va. to reproduce 
R6prouv6, am. a reprobate 
R6pix>uver, va. to reject; disal- 

uno; reprobate 
Reptile, 3. a. sm. reptile; creep- 
ing; cringing 
Republicain, e. a. s. republican^ 

a whig 
R^pubiicanisme, sm, spirit of a 

Rdpublique, sf. republic, com- 

Repudiation, — tion, divorcing 
R6pudier, va. to repudiate; *put 

Repue, sf. meal, repast 
Repugnance, —cy, reluctancy 
Repugnant, e. a. repurnant 
R^pugner, vn. to * clash with, 

*go against 
R^puliuler, to * grow or bud 

again exceedingly 
Repulsion, sf. —sion 
Repurger, va. to purge again 
Reputation, sf. — tton; charac- 
ter; repute; fame; name 
Reputer, va. to repute; account 
Requ^rablc, 3. a. demandable 
Requerant, e. a. plaintiff 
— , e. requiring; demanding 
Requerir,va. to request; require; 

*feteh again 
Requite, «/. request, petition 
Requ^teri va. to quest again, in 

Requiem, sm. requiem,rest,quiet 
Requin, a shark 
Requiller, vn. to * throw again 

who is together at nine-pins 
Be requinquer, vr. to * trick 

one* 8 self up 
Requint, sm. fifth part of the 

fifth penny, a tax 
Requiper, va. to new-rig 
Requis, e. a. requisiu 


Requisition, sf. request, petition 
Requisitoire, sm. suit; request 
Rescindaot, demand to obtain a 

Reacinder, va. to rescind; * make 


Rescision, sf. ^sion, abrogation 

Rescisoire, 3. a. sm. —sory 

Rescription, sf assignment 

Rescrit, sm. rescript, edict 

Rescau, bag-net; net-work 

Reseda, mignonette, sweet balm 

Resemeller, va. to ntw-goU 

Rescnier, tn^'^ sow again 

Roservation, sf. reservation 

Reserve, reserve; proviso. A la 

reserve, except. — En resor\'e, 

in store. —Sans reserve, abso- 


Reserve, e. a. s. reserved; close, 

shy; modest 
Rescrver, va. to reserve; save, 

Se — , • keep one's self, to * stay 
Reservoir, sm. reservoir; fish- 
Reseuil, a sort of net 
Residant, e. a. residing, living 

ship; sediment 
Resident, sm. a rcsidt^nt 
Resider , va. to reside; * abide 
Residu, sm. residue 
Resignant, e. s. a resigner 
Resignataire, resignee 
Resignation, sf. —tion, demise 
Resigner, va. to resign, yield up 
Se — , vr. to submit 
R6sillation, sf. cancelling; an- 
Resilier, va, to supersede; can- 
, eel 

Re sine, sf. rosin, or resin 
Resineux, se. a. resinous 
Resipiscence,^/- rcsipiseence 
Resistance, — cc, opposition 
Resister, vn. to resist; oppoie 
Resolu, e. a.s. resolved, resolute, 

bold, stout 
Resolvant, e. a. resolvent 
Resoluble, 3. a solvable 
Resolutnent, ad. absolutely; 

boldly f stoviXy 
Resolutif, ve. a. —Uvc, dissolv- 


Resolutif, sm. 0. —U»e, or <2i#- 

solving medicine 
Resolution, */. —tion; resolvei 

stoutness: cancelling 
Resonuant, e. a. sounding, echO" 

Resonnement, sm. resounding" to sound; resound; 

* ring again 
Resoudre, va. to resolve; solve; 
induce; cancel; melt; reduce; 
Se resoudre, vr. to * be resolved; 

to melt; * be turned into 
Resous, a m. resolved 
Respect, sm. respect, regard 
Respectable, 2. a. respectable 
liespecler, va. to respect 
Se respecter, va. to act suitablt 

to one's station 
Respectif, ve. a. respective 
Respectivemenl, ad.—vely 
Respectueusement, respectfully 
Respcctueuz, se. a. nespectful 
Rbspirable, 3. a. that may be 

Respiration, sf. —tion, brea^ 
Retpirer, v. to breathe, gape af- 
Resplendir, v. to * sMne, glitter 
RcsplendisFant, e. a. resplen- 
dent, glittering 
Rejspleiulissemenl, sm. great re- 

Respoiisable, 3. a. responsible 
Rcssac, sm. the breaking of a 

wave upon the shore 
Rcssasser, va. to sift again; ex- 
amine carefully 
Ressaut, sm.jutty protection 
Rcssa liter, vn. to* leap again 
Ressoniblance, sf. rcsemblaneef 

hnmoloryy likeness 
Resseinblant, e. a. like 
Resseinbler, vn. to resemble 
Rcssenieler, va. to * put new 

Keseen\iment,8m. a slight touch 
of; sense; resentment; greiir 
Resscntlr, va. to * feel, resent 
Se — , vr. to * feel, resent 
Resserrement, sm. obstmctioHi 

Resserier, va, to * bind up; 


tighter; eontraet; * lay vp 

again; * coop; * bind 
Benort, em. *pring,ward, eogmr 

uauej resort, cause 
BesBortir, vn. to * be under the 

jurisdiction of a court 
ResBortisBant, e. a. lying under 

a jurisdiction 
Be8s6rtir, vn. to* go out again; 

— ^resBortant, going out again 
Re-souder, va. to new-solder 
Reasoiirce, sf. resourcsy shift, re- 

ResouvenKiGe, remembrance 
Be resaouvenir, vr. to remember 
Ressouvenir, sm. remembrance, 

Reasui, sf. lair of deer 
RcssoBciter, v. to raise, * rise 

from the dead, revive 
Ressuyer, va. to wipe again 
Bestant, e. a. s. remainder; left 
Eestaupoge, sm. dam 
Ecstauper, va. to dam 
Restaurant, sm. restorative 
Restaurateur, rice. s. restorer 
Bestauration, sf. restoration 
Restaurer, va. to restore 
Reste, sm. remainder, remnant, 

Reste, sm. change {of money) 
Rester, vn. to remain, * stay 
Restituable, 3. a. rcstorable 
fiestituer, va. to return, refund, 

restore; repair 
Bestituteur, sm. restorer of lame 

passages in authors 
Restitution, */. —tion 
Restreindre, va. to * bind, re- 

strain, confine, to curb 
Be — . vr. to use a restriction 
Restrictif, ve. a. —tive 
Restriction, sf. —tion, limitor 

tion; reservation 
Restringeiit, e. a. binding 
Restringent, sm. a restringent 
Resultant, e. a. resulting 
R^auitat, sm. result, upshot 
R6sulter, v. to result, follow 
R^sum^, sm. summary 
R^Buraer, va. to resume, sum up 
Resumption, sf. summing up 
R^Bure, bait to oateh fish 
Resurrection, */. —tion 
Retable, sm. aUar-piece 


R^tablir, va. to restore^ retrieve, 

repair, recover 
R6tabliaBement,«m. re-establishr 

ment, repairing 
Retailles, sf. pi. shreds 
Retainer, vn. to * cut again 
Retaper, to * cock up a hat 
Retard, sm. stay, delay 
Retardation, sf. delay 
Retardement, sm. delay 
Reiarder, va. to delay, * come 

later, to * stop, to hinder,* go 

too slow, as a watch 
R^taxer, to reassess 
Reteindre, to die again 
Retcndre, to * stretch again, to 

extend again 
Rctenir, to retain, hinder, * get 

hold again, f bespeak, carry, 

* stick at, to * hold, refrain, 

* stop, hire 

Retenir, 2^ 3, to carry 2, 3, in 

doing a sum 
Se retenir, vr. to *forbear, * stop 
Retenter, va. to try, or attempt 
R6tentif, ve. a, —tive [again 
Retention, sf. — tion, reservation 
Retentir, viu to resound, * ring 
Retentissant, e. a. echoing, re- 
sounding, ringing 
Reteiitiseeinent, sm. great sound 
Retentum, clause, proviso 
Retenu, e. a. reserved, discreet 
Retenue, sf. reseroedness, dis- 
Reticence, concealment 
Reticulaire, 2. a reticular 
Retif, ve. a. restive, stubborn 
Re tine, sf. retina of the eye 
Retipore, sort of stony plant 
Retirade, intrenchment 
Retire, e. a. retired, solitary 
Retirement, sm. contraction 
Retirer, va. to ** draw again, 

* draw out, harbour, redeem, 

* shoot again 

Se — , to retire, * go home, * go 

out, * shrink, * leave 
Retoiser, va. to measure over 

Retombee, ff. declivity, in archi. 
ReComber, vn. to * fall again 
Retondre, va. to shear again 
ReUndemGnt,sm.twisting again, 




Retordeur, twister 

Retordre, va. to twist or * wring 

Retorquer, to retort 

Retors, e. a. twisted: cunning 

Retorsion, retorting 

Relorsoir, sm. cerd-wheel 

Retorte, sf. retort^ in ehym. 

Retoucher, va. to touch again, 
revise again 

^Retour, sm. return^ arrival, re 
pentance, vicissitude; dsdinCf 
old age 

Retoum^, sf. trump 

Retoumer, v. to return, turn 

S'en — , vr. to * go back 

Retracer, va. to * draw again, 
describe {tatien 

Retractation, sf. —tion, recaxr^ 

Retracter, va. to retract 

Retraction, sf. — tion, in phy. 

Retraire, va. to redeem an estate 

Rctrait, sm. privy, redeeming 

Retraite, sf. retreat; tatoo; re- 
tirement; recluseness; refuge 

Retranche'inent, sm. retrench- 
ment; intrenchment, refuge, a 
by-room, partition 

Retrancher,toa. to retrench,* cut 
off, lessen, intrench, * take off, 

* forbid, suppress 

Se — , vr. to confine one*s self^ 

* pinch, fortify one's self 
Retroyant, e. s. one who redeems 
Retrecir, straiten; * shrink 
Se — , vr. to * grow narrow 
Retrecissement, sm. contracting 
Retreinte, sf. raising of metad 
Retremper, va. to * soak again; 

to temper metal again 
Retresser, to new-weave 
Retribution, sf. requital, fee 
Retroactif, ve. a. —tive 
Retroceder, va. to * make over 

Retrocession, sf. making over 

Retrcgradation, —tion 
Retrograde, 2. a. retrograde 
— mouvement retrograde, r»- 

treat, prudent flight 
Retrograder, va. to retrograde; 

to*fiy ^ ~ 

Retroussement, sm. tackmg up 

again, cocking up 



Retroiiaer, va. to * tuck, to * 

eeek up 
RetroussiS} sm. cock of a hat 
Rctrouver, va. to * find again 
Rets, »m.a net 
Revaloir, vn. to return like for 

likCt to * be eoen with 
Revancher, vn. to * take one^s 

Se revancber, vr. to retaliate^ 
* be even with [fender 

Revanclieur, sm. revenger, de- 
Rdvaaser, vn. to haee a great 
many dreamsy * be fiul of 
R^ve, sm. a dream 
Rev^che, 2. a. harsh; froward 
Revdclie, s. backslider 
Revdche, sf. kind of baize 
Re veil, sm. awaking, alarm 
Reveille-matin, alarm-clock 
R^veiller, va. to awake, revive 
R^veilleuri sm. a waker; bellr 

R6veilion, midnight revel [ing 
R6v6]aUoa, */. —tion, discover- 
Rdv^ler, va. to reveal 
Revenant, e. a. likely, taking 
Revenant, sm- ghost 
Reveaant-bon, perquisite; emo- 
Revendeur, huckster, retailer 
Revendeuse, sf. ends-woman 
Revendlcation, daim 
Reveudiquer, va. to claim 
Revendre, to * sell again^ * seU 

by retail 
Revenir, vn. to * come or * grow 
again; suit; return, appear, * 
r%se,plea8e, * forgive, amount 
Reveate, sf. selling again; se- 
cond hand . 
Revenu, sm. 'revsnue, income 
Revenue, sf. young wood 
R^ver,* dream, rave, * be 

light-headed; muse; think 
Revub^ratioo, sf. —Hon 
R^verb^re, 0m. reverbere 
^R^verbdr^, va. to r^ect 
Reverdir, vr. to * become greon 

again; * break out a^ain 
— , to'paint green again 
RevercUflBeittent,«m.. the growing 
gretm again 


R^v^iemment, ad. reverenUy 
R6v6rence, sf. reverence; bow; 

R^v^rencieusement, ad. reve- 
R6 v6rencieuz, se. a. reverenHal, 

full of eurtsies 
R6v6read, e. a. reverend 
Rdv^rendisslme, sm. most^ or 

right reverend 

R6v6rer, va. to revere, reverence 
Rdverie, sf. reverie,musing, idle 

fancy, delirium 
Reveroir, va. to glaie over again 
Reverquier, sm. a kind of back- 
Revera, back of the hand; re- 
verse of a coin, back stroke, 
RevcrHer, va. to pour again 
Reversible, 2. a^reoerstbU 
Reversion, sf. Th)ersion 
Reverais, sm. a game at cards 
Revestiaire, a vestry 
Rev^tement, lining of a lUtcA, 

bastion, ^e. 
Revdtlr, va. to clo^e, confer, 

line, invest 
Se — , vr. £0 * put on- 
Rev6tu, e. a. invested; endowed; 

lined; adorned 
Revfitisaement, sm. investiture 
R^veur, ae. a. s. thoughtful 
Rdveur, sm. dotard; idle talker 
Revirement, tacking about 
Revirer, va. to * tack e^out 
Reviser, to revise^review 
R6viseur, sm. a reviser 
Revision, sf. review, revisal 
Revivification, — tion 
Revivifier, va. to revive 
Revivre, va. to * come to life 

again; to renew 
R6unioa, sf. reunion,reconcilitur 
R^unir, va, to reunite, reconeiu 
Revocable, 2. a. revocable 
Revocation, sf. repeal 
Rdvocatoire, 2. a. that revokes 
Revoir, va. to * see again,revise 
Revolin, sm. squall of wind 
R6volte, sf, revolt 
Revolts, «m. rebel 
R6voMer, va. to raise a rehMion, 

to revolt 
8« r^volter, or. to repoU^ to rekel 


RAvoltt, e. a. revolved, coma 

Revolution, sf. revolution 
Revomir, va. to vomit again 
ftevoquer, to repeal, question 
Reuasir, to succeed, prosper 
R^uasite, sf, success, issue 
Revue, review; diligent search 
Revulsif, ve. a. puuing back (m 

Revulsion, sf. revulsion 

Rez pied, rez terre, even with the 

Rez de chaussSe, sm. ground 

R^zeau, vid. Roseau 
RhabiUage, «m. patching 
Rhabiller, va. to new-clothe, * 

dnss again, * patch up 
Rheteur, Rheioricien, sm. a rk»- 

torician, an orator 
Rbetorlque, */. rhetoric 
Rliiaoceros, sm. rhinoceros 
Rhombe, rhomb, or rhumb 
Rhoinboide, rhomboid 
Rhubarbe, sf. rhubarb 
Rbumatiame, sm. rheumatism 
Rliume, rheum, cold 
Rhume de cerveau, cold in tho 

Rh]rthme, rhythmus; harmony 
Riant, e. a. cheerful, pUaoem^ 

pretty, smiling 
Ribler, vn. to ramble 
Rlblette, sf. a broiled steak 
Ribleur, sm. a rambler 
Ribot, chum-staff 
Ric-A-ric, ad. exactly: neHket 

more nor less 
Ricancment, sm. sneering 
Ricaner, vn. to titter, U sneer 
Ricaneur, se. s. gigi[ler; snoerto 
Richard, sm. a monxed man 
Riche, 2. b. s. rich, weaUkys 

opulent; copious; costly; lofig 
Ricbe, sm. a rtcA man 
Ricbement, ad. richly 
Richease, sf. wealth, ricknou 
Richesses, riches 
Ricin, sm. palma christi 
Rioocbet, rebound; duekM mi 

Ride, sf. wrinkle 
Rideau, em. a curtain 


Rider, v«. to wrinkle 
fle^, w. to frown; to * 

Rider une corde, * otreiek otU ^ 

Ridicule, sm. — i«, impertinence 
Ridicule, 3. a. ridiauoue 
Ridiculement, ad, —Uuely 
Ridieuiiaer, va. to * laugh at 
Rien, ad. nothings any thing 
RieiM, sm. pi. nothings trifies . 
Ricur, se. 8. a laugher^ jeerer; 

Riflani, em. large plane 
Rifler, va. to rifie; * sweep away 
Rifloir, em. a sort of file 
Rigide, 3. a. rigid^ stiffs Hem 
Rigidement, ad. rigidly 
Rigidity, sf. rigidity^ sternness 
Rigodon, sm. a rigadoon 
Rignle, sf trench, gutter 
Be rigoler^va. to * make merry 
Rigorisme, sm. stiffness 
Rigoriste, stiff moralist 
Rigoureuaement, ad. sternly 
Rigonreux, se. a. rigorous^ ee- 

vere, ham^ cruel 
Rigueur, sf. rigour; seoerityf 

A la rigueur, en riguear, se- 
verely; literally 
Rimaille, sf. paltry ver'ee 
Rimailler, vn. to * make sorry 

Rimailleur, sm. a poetaster - 
Rime, sm. rhyme 
Rimer, on. to rhyme, jingle 
Rimeur, sm. rhymer 
RmcetMj foilage , 
Rincer, rinser, vo. torinee 
Rincure, riosure, sf. water used 

for rinsing 
Ringrave, pantaloon 
Rinstruire, va. to * teach anew 
Rinl6, e. a. streaked 
Rioter, vn. to giggle^ titter 
RipaiUe (fiiire,> to banquet 
Ripe, sf. joiner* s plane 
Riper, va. to smooth 
Ripopft, em. sorry wine; foolish 

Riposte, ef. keen reply; parry 

and tkruet 
Riposter, va. to reply sharply; 

parrif and tkrutt 


Rire, wn. to * laugh; to joke; 

to* be in jest; smile 
Se rire, or. to laugh at 
Rire, sm. laughter, laughing 
Ris, a laugh, maUe; rice 
Risde.veau, sweetbread 
Risban, a Jlat ground with can- 
nons to defend apart 
Risdale, sf. -Oerman dollar^ two 

shillings and sixpence 
Ria^e, laughing, laughing-stock 
Riaibilite,— Zity 
Risible, 2. a. risible; comical, 

pleasant, ridiculous 
Risquable, 2. a. hazardous 
Risque, sm. risk, hazard 
Risquer, va. to risk, hazard 
Riiaole, */. sort of minced pie 
Risaol^, e. a. tawny, shrivelled 
Rissol^, sm. craakling 
Riasoler, va. t^^oast, fry^ or 

bake brown 
Rit, rite, sm. a rite 
Ritournelie, sf. a. flourish, a i 

luntary in music 
Rituel, sm. a ritual 
Rivage, a shore, bank; side 
Rival, e. a. rival; competitor 
Rivalit6, sf. rivalry 
Rwe, bank, water-side 
River, va. to rivet, clench 
Riverain, sm. one that inhabits 

near a river or wood 
Rivet, a rivet 
Riviere, */. a river 
Rixe, combat, conflict; scuffle 
Riz, em. rice 
Rizi^re, sf. arice-field 
Rize, sf. a bag of fifteen thou- 
sand ducats,in Turkey 
Rob, sm. rob, inspissated juice 
Robe, sf. a gown, sack,robe,law, 
skin, hull, husk [ Bob 

Robin,' sm. a limb of the law; 
Robinet, a cock, spout 
Roboratif, ve. a. corroborant 
Robuste, 2. a. robust, lusty 
RobuBtement, ad. robustly 
Roc, em. a rock, tower 
Rocaille, */. pebbles for a grot- 
to, rock-wort 
Rocailleur, sm. a grot-maker 
Rocambole, sf. sort ofshalot 
Roche, a rock. — Amis de la vi- 
eille •roche, old friends 



Rocher, sm. a rock 
Rochet, lawn sleeves 
Rdder, va. to rove, ramble 
Rddeur, sm. rover, rambler 
Rodomont, a bully, h^ff 
Rodomontade, ef. boasting 
Relation, —tion, request 
R<^tion8, pi. —tion-week 
Rogaton, em. waste paper- 
Rogne, sf. scurf, scab 
Rogner, va. to * clip, * shred, 

pare, * cut 
Rogneur, se. s. a clipper 
Rogneux, se. a. scabby 
Rognon, sm. kidney, Ustieie 
Rognoner, vn. to growl 
Rognure, sf. parings, shreds^ 

clippings, scrapings 
Rogue, 2. a. surly, proud 
Roi, sm. a king 
Roidc, 2. a. stiff, steep, rapiA, 

Roide, ad. swiftly 
Roidement, ad. stiffly 
Roideur, sf. stiffness, steepness; 

Roidillon, sm. a little hill 
Roidir, stiffen, * stretch out 
Be roider, va. to stiffen^ * bear 

up against, to * be stiff 
Rois, sm. pi. twelfth-day 
Roitelet, sm. petty king, wren 
Roitelette, sf. a ken-wren 
Rdle, sm. roll, scroll, list; part 

of a play 
Rdler, va. to • write rolls 
Rdlet, sm. litHe roll, list, <{•«. 
Remain, e. a. e. Homan 
Romain, sm. roman (printing 

Romalne, sf. steelyard 
Roman, sm. a romance 
Romance, sf. Spanish br.Uad 
Romancler, sm. romancer 
Romanesque, 2. a. romantic 
Romanesquement, ad. falsely 
Romaniser, vn. to romance 
Romaniste, sm. romanist 
Romantique, 2. a. romantic 
Romarin, sm. rosemary 
Romlnagrobis, a grave piece of 

formiUity, grimalkin 
Romnement de t6te, excessive 




Rompre, v. to * breaks * break 
off; * keep off; ♦ break itp, 
tiisband, train^ destroy 
A tout rompre, to the utmost 
Ronce, ttf. briar 
Ronceroi, em. a thomf place 
Rond, c. a. round, circular 
Rond, 9111. round, orb, ring 
RoudRche, ef. large shield 
Ronde, round, the rounds 
— a la ronde, round about 
Rondeau, sm. rondo; pasty-peel; 

Rondelet, te. a. plumpish 
Rondelet, sm. Spanish pdem 
RonAelin, lusty andfattnan 
Rondelle, sf. a target 
Rondement, ad. roundly, frank- 
ly, even 
Rondeur, sf. roundness 
Rondin, sm. billet; cudgel 
Rondiner, va. to cudgel 
Rouflement, sm. snoring 
Ronfler, vn. to snore, rumble 
Ronfleur, se. s. snorer 
Ronger, va. to gnaw, *pick, nib- 
ble,'* eat, bite, fret, * champ 
Roquelaure, sf. roquelaur^ or 

Roquer, va. to castle, at chess 
Roquet, sm. a shock dog; short 

Roquette, sf. rocket, (a s^Oad 

Roquille, a gill 
Rosage,»m. duRosagine, sf. rose 

Roeaire, sm. rosary ^ 
Rosat, a. of roses 
Rosbif & rdt de bif, sm. roast- 
beef; strangely taken by the 
French to signify any roasted 
meat;— thus they say; roebif do 
mouton, rosbif d'agneau, Sec. 
Rose, sf. a rose 
Roseau, sm. a reed 
R0660, sf. dew; small and agree- 
able rain 
Roseraic, sf. garden of roses 
Rosereaux, sm. pi. Russian furs 
Roeette, sf. artificial rose; red 
ink; molten copper; sort of 
Rosier, sm. a rose busk 
Roase, sf. a jade; roach 


RoMer, eor to * lick, belabour 
Rossignol, sm. a nightingale; 


— d'Arcadie, an ass 
Roasignoler, vn. to mimic the 

warbling of the nightingale 
Rossinante, sm. a jade; sorry 

Roflsolis, rosolis, rosa solis 
Roetralc, a. rostrated, beaked 
Rot, sm. eructation 
R6t, roasted meat 

Rotation, sf. tion 

Rote, rota, court of justice 

Roter, vn. to eructate 

Rdti, sm. roasted meat 

Rdtie, sf. a toast 

Rotin, sm. Indian reed 

Rdtir, va. to roast; toast; broil; 

* parch ^ 

Rdtisserie, sf. e^oWs shop 
R6tigseur, se. s. a public cook 
Rdtissoir, sm. Dutch oven 
Rotonde, sf. rotunda, pantheon^ 
Rotondit^, rotundity, roundness 
Rotule, the kee-pan 
Roture, soccage, commoners 
Roturier, e. a. s. plebian; com- 
moner; by soccage 
Roturierement, ad. meanly; by 

Rouable, sm. rake for an oven 
Rouage, wheelwork 
Rouan, a roan 
Rouanne, ette. sf. amark 
Rouanner, va. to * mark casks 
Rouble, sm. a fouble (a coin) 

four shillings and sixpence 
Rouche, sf. the carcass of a ship 
Roucouier, vn. to coo, (la colom- 

be roucoule) 
Roue, sf. a wheel, peacock's tail 
Ronelle, little wheel, round slice, 

fillet of veal 
Rouer, va. to * break on the 

Rouet, sm. spinning-wheel; lock 

of a gun 
Rouette, sf. osier, twig, wicker 
Rouge, 2. a. red 

Rouge, sm. women* s paint; rud- 
dock, roach, red colour 
Rougefttre, 2. a. reddish 
Rougeaud, e. a. red-faced; rudr 

dy complexioned 


RoT%c-gorge, sm. rebukred 

Rouge-bord, a bumper 
Rougeole, sf. the meailes 
Rouge-queue, a red-tail 
Rouget, sm. a roach, rocket 
Rongeur, sf. redness, pimplsj 

Rougir, V. to redden, colour 

* blush 
Rouiltej */. rust 
Rouill^, e. a. rusty 
Rouiller, va. to rust 
Se — , to * grow rusty 
Rouillure, sf. rust 
Rouir, V. to steep, to taint; pir 

Roulade, sf. trilling, in music 
Roulage, sm. rolling 
Roulant, e. a. easy, (of a car* 

riags or road) 
Roult^au, sm. a roll, rollvng-^in 

Roulement, rolling; triU; roll- 
Rouler, va. to roll, rankle; rove^ 

reel, * run, revolve 
Roulet, ou Rouloir, sm.,roUer 
Roulette, sf. little wheel; caster; 
truckle-bed; g^cart; book- 
binder* s tool 
RouJier, sm. a wagoner 
Rouiis, rolling, tossing aboKt 
Rouloir, a roller 
Roupife, sf. snivel 
Roupie (monnoic,) a rupee^ tiM 

shillings and threepence 
Roupieux, 66. a. s. snivtHy, 

Roupille, sf. short cloak 
Roupiller, vn. to doze 
Roupilleur, se. s. doling 
Rouque, sm. a rook 
Rouquet, a buck hare 
Roure, «/. a drug to dye ingretn 
Rousse, a. f. red-haired 
Roussutre, 2. a. reddish 
Rousseau, sm. red-haired 
RousEelet, the russelet pear 
Rousaette, sf. king* s fisher 
Rousseur, redness 
Rousseurs, */. pi. freckles 
RouBsi, sm.Russia l^her;buna 

Rousain, strong buHt horse 


BoiUBir, f>. to * grow red; 
* make red look yelloto or 

Koute, sf. road-way ^ cotwee of a 

skip; route; means 
Roatier, sm. road-book 
Routine, sf. rote^ practice 
Roil tinier, sm. mere practitioner 
Rouverin, a. m. brittle^ friable 
Rouvieux, (cheval,) a mangy 

Rouvre, sm. the hardest oak 
Rouviir, va. to open again 
Roux, rousse, a, s. red^ red- 
haired; rufus; earrotty 
Royal, e. a. royal; regal; noble 
Royale, sf. a sort of pantaloons 
Soyalement, ad. royally; prince- 

Royaliste, *m. — Zjfft; Tory 
Royaume, kingdom^ realm 
Royaut^, sf. royalty^ crown 
Ru, sm. the channel of a little 

Ruade, sf. a horse" s kick 
Ruban, sm. riband 
Rubanerie, sf. riband-trade 
Ruban ier, e. s. a riband-weaver 
Rubant^, e. a^ trimmed with ri- 
Rubican (cheval,) a bay horse 
Rubicond, e. a. red^ ruddy 
Rubis, sm. a ruby, red pimple 
Rubriciare, sm. compiler of ru- 
brics; a sly or cunning man 
Rubrique, sf. rubric; title; rule; 

Euche, a bee-hive 
Ruch^e, */. a hive-full 
Rudanier, e. a. surly 
Rude, 2. a. harsh, rough 
RudemeHt, ad. roughly; harsh- 
ly; very hard 
Rudesse, sf. harshness; severity; 

harsh words 
Rudiment, sm. — ment; acci- 
dence, element 
Rudoyer, va. to use harshly 
Rue, sf. rue, a street, lane 
Ruelle, a narrow street or lane, 
alley, bedside, meeting at a la- 
Raer, va. to *fting, * kick 
Be mer mirf to * rush upon 
Rugir, vn. to var 


Rugissant, e. a. roaring 
Rugissement, sm. roaring 
Rugos^, sf. roughness, unsven- 

Ruine, ruin, decay, faU 
Ruiner, va. to ruin, destroy 
Se ruiner, to * fall, to decay 
Ruineux, se. a. 'ruinous, perni- 
Ruisseau, sm. brook, rivuJet, 

kennel • 
Ruisselaat, e. a. gushing 
Ruisseler, va. to* gush;* runout 
Rumeur, */. rumour, uproar 
Ruminant, e. a. ruminating 
Rumination, sf. — tion 
Ruminer, va. to ruminate; chew 

the cud; muse on 
Rupture, sf. fracture, rupture, 

division ^ 
Rural, e. a. ruiW 
Ruse, sf. cunning; shifts; trick 
Rus6, e. a. cunning, sly 
Ruser, vn. to shift, u/te cunning 
Rustaud, e. a. s. boorish; cloum 
Rusticity, sf. rusticity, clownish- 

Rustique, 2. a. rural, clownish 
Rustiquer, va. to * make rustic 

Rustiquement, ad. rudely 
Rustre, 2. a. s. rustical; churl; 

a lout 
Rut, sm. rutting 
Rutoir, pool to steep flax or hemp 
Rye, sea-shore 
Rythme, measure, harmony 




SA, pro. f. his, hT, its 
Sabbat, sm. sabbath; a sup- 
posed nightly meeting of witch- 
es; racket; great noise; ca- 

Sabbatine, sf. thesis on logic, or 
moral philosophy; great noise 

Sabbatique, 2. a. —tical 

Sab^isme, sm. the adoration of 
fire, ire. 

Sabine, sf. savin 

8able,«m. sand^umr-glass, sable 

Sabler, vn. to gravel, cover with 
sand^ swallow at a dramght 

Sableuz, se. a. gritty 
Sabiier, sm. a sand hour-ghua 
SabH6re, sf. sand-pit 
Sablon, sm. small sand 
Sablonner, scour with 9amd 
Sablonneux, se. a. sandy 
Sablonnier, sm. a sand-man 
SabCoimi^re, sf. a sand-pU 
Sabord, sm. a port-hole 
Sabot, wooden shoe; horse's hMff; 

a top 
Saboler, vn. to * whip a top 
Saboteur, sm. on« that whips a 

Sabotier, a wooden shoemaker 
Sabouler, va. to * toss, tun^lo 
Sabre, sm. sabre, hanger 
Sabrenauder, va. to work clum- 
Sabrer, va. to * cut with a saJbre 
Sac, sm. sack, bag, pillage 
Saccade, sf. jerk, reprimand 
Saccagement, sm. sacking 
Saccager, va. to * sack, rasuaeM^ 

Sacerdocc. sm. priesthood 
Sacerdotal, e. a. —tal, priestly 
Sach6e, sf. a sackfull 
Hachet, sm. a satchel, pouch 
Sncoche, sf. a courier^ s bag 
Sacramental, e. a. — tal 
Sacramentalement, ad. — tally 
Sacre, sm. coronation, consecror 

Sacre, a villain 
Sacr6, e. a. sacred, holy 
Sacrement, sm. a saerameiUfnu^ 

Sacrer, va. to consecrate; erown , 
Sacrer, vn. to blaspheme 
Sacret, sm. tassel hawk 
Sacrificateur, sacriflcer 
Sacrificature, sf. priesthood 
Sacrifice, sm. a sacrifice 
Sacrifier, va. to sacrifice; destroy 
Sacrilege, 2. a. sm. sacrilege^ 

Sacril^gement, ad. —Ugiously 
Sacristain, sm. a sexton - 
Saciistie, sf. a vestry 
Sacristinc, vestry-nun 
Sacrum (I'os,) sm. os sacrum 
Saduc^en, ne. s. Sadueean 
Saduc^ieme, sm. Sadueeiam 
Safran, saffron 



Safran, e.a.0fa aaffmt colour 
Bafiraner, va, to oaffron 
Bafranier, e. s. a broken tradeo- 

man or woman 
. Bafre, 2. a.ffreedjf 
• Sagacity, Bf.sagaeity 
^ 1^, 3. a. viioe; modeot; oohtr; 


, *m. oaffc, wioe man 
^-feinnie, sf. midwife 
eincnt, ad. wisely^ soberly 

_»se, of. wisdon^ modesty^ 

konffur^ sobriety 
BageOc, bolt^ arrow 
Sagittftire, am. SagUtarius 
Bafittale, % a. sagittal 
Sngouin, sm. manaoset^ slnnen 
Sa^ouinQ, sf. slovenly woman 
Bate, coot of mail 

, hard brush; serge 

Sniette, thin serge 

Sa'ietter, vn. to clean with a 

smithes brush 
Sai^ant, e. a. bleeding 
Saigner, v. to * bleed, bloodj 

Baigneur, sm. a bleeder 
Baigueux, se. a. bloody 
Baillant, e. a. jutting out 
Baillie, */. *aWy, projecture; 

rant; * flight 
Saillir, vn. to project; * gush 

out; leap 
Sain, e. a. s. sound; wholesome 
Bain-doux, sm. hog^s lard 
Bainement, ad. sound and well; 

Bain-foin, sm. sain-foin 
^ Saint, e. a. s. holy, saint 
Baintenienl, ad. /tolily 
Saintet6, sf. holiness, sanctity 
Sai'que, saiek^ sort of ship 
Saisi, sm, a debtor 
Saisle, sf. seizure, distress 
Sal sine, seisin, possession 
Baisir, va. to seize, * lay hold off 

grasp, distrain, * strive 
Se — , to seize upon, arrest 
Saisissant, e. a. s. seizor 
Saisiasement, sm. shock; qutUm^ 

flurry, prisoner's rope 
Sataon, sf. season, time 
Salade, oaladj head-pieee 
Saladlw. tm. salad dish; basket 

to drain saiad in 


Sala^, salting; salt duty 
Salaire, salary; reward 
Salaison, sf. salting; salt pro- 
Salamalec, sm, Turkish saluta- 
Salamandre, sf. —der, kind of 

Salant (niarais,) sm. salt marsh 
Saiarier, va. to reward 
Sale, 2. a. f only dirty, filthy 
Sal6, sm. salt pork, or meat 
Salec, a. f. brinish 
Salf^ment, ad. fillAily, nastily 
Suler, va. to salt, powder 
Saleron, sm. the upper part of a 

Salei6, sffiUhincss, dirt 
Salciir, sm. he who cures fish 
Salicoquc, sf. aJtind of lobster 
Saliere, salt-ceair, salt-box 
Salieres, pi. hollow pits 
Saligaud, e. 4, sluttish 
Salignon, sm. a salt-loaf 
Saligot, water-nutf or water- 
Salin, e. a. saline, brinish 
Salino, */. salt meat; salt fish; 

Salique (lor,) Salic law 
Salir,tia. to dirt, to foul, to daub, 

stain, sully 
Saligson, sf. a young slat 
Salissure, spot; dirts fiUh 
Salivaire, 2. a. clammy; salival 
Salivation, sf. —tion; fluxing 
Salive, spittle 
Saliver, vn. to spit much 
Salle, */. hall; parlour; ward; 

bower; room 
Salmi, 5711. a htish 
Salmigondis, hotch-potch 
Saloir, salt-tulr, powdering-tub 
Salon, great hall; parlour 
Salope^ 2. a. s. slovenly; sloven, 

Salopcment, ad. nastily 
Saloperie, sf slovenliness 
Salorge, sm. heaps of salt 
Salp^tre. saltpetre, nitre 
Salp^tricr, saltpetre-man 
Salpctriere, sf. saltpetre-house; 

Sarsapareille, sarsaparilla 
SalsiAs, sm. goat's beard 


Sateagineux, se. a. salsuginous, 

somewhat salt 
daliiinlianque, sm. a fuaek 
Saluade, */. salutation 
Salvage, sauvelage, sm, salvage- 
money [faw 
Salvations, sf. pi. pleading in 
Salubre, 2. a. salubrious 
Salubrity, */. salubrity 
SaWe, a volley; discharge; oval 

saucer, or salver; stive 
SaUier, ««. to ^saluU; bow; • 

drink to one 
Saiurc, sf. saltness, brtne 
Saliit, sm. salutation; safety; 

salvation; salute 
Sahitaire, 2. a. salutary: whole- 
Salutairemenl, ad. usefully 
Salutation, */. salutation, bow 
Sainedi, sm. Saturday 
Saucir, va. to * sink, founder 
Sanctificateur, sm. sanetifier 
Sanctification, sf. — tion 
Sanetifier, va. to sanctify; to • 

kcqt holy; to halUno 
Sanction, sf. sanction 
Sanctionner, va. to * give a 
sanction [eel 

Sanctiiaire, sm. —^—tuary;chanr 
Sandal, sandal-wood 
Sandale, sf. a sandal, open shoe 
Sandal ier, sm. sandal-maker 
Sandaraqne, sf. —rac, orpin 
Sang, sm. blood, rate 
Sanglade, sf^ oKash 
Santjlant, e. a. bloody, grievous 
Sanirle, */. a girth 
Sangler, va. to gird, * lash 
SangUer, aw. a wild boar 
Sanglot, sob, sigh, groan 
Sanglolter, t>«. to* sob, to groan 
Snngsue, sf. leech; blood-sucker 
Signification, sf. —tion 
Sanguin, e. a. sanguine, red 
Sanguinaire, 2- a. sanguinary^ 
bloody, cruel , 

Sanguine, */. red-lead; blootk- 

Sangiiindent, e. a. bloody 
Sanfcie, sf. self-heal 
Sanie, matter of a sore L*fy 
Sanieux, se. a. sanious; yttrnr 
Sannea, sm. two sites or stses 
SanB,pr. without; were it notjor 


Qutf-culottefl, (nicknain6)/0f a 
JPreneh repvJtlican 

Uanfloimet, «in. a starling 

8ant6, «/. AeoZtA; a toast; feat- 

Santon, sm. ekeating ^prieat^ 
false prophet 

Baoul, e. tfid. SoAI, e. 

Sapajou, sm, marmoset 

Bapbique, S. a. saphie 

Saphir, sm. sapphire 

Sapience, sf. wisdom 

Bapin, am, a fir-tree; fir; deal 

Sapim^re, sf. forest of fir-trees 

Saporifiquei 2. a. —fie 

Sape, «/. UTidermining a waU 

Bai%r, va,to* sap^ tUgy mine 

Sa^ur, sm. an underminer 

SaribaDde, sf. a saraband 

Sarlmcanei shooting-tube 

Bard&ame, sm. sareasm^ taunt 

Barcelle, «t<2.'Cercelle 

Sarcepareille, sf. sarsepariUa 

Sarcler, ^a. to weed 

Sarclear, se. «. a weeder 

Bare loir, sm. a hoe 

Barclure, sf. weedings 

Barcocele, sm. swelling . 

Barcome, sarcoma, tumour 

Sarcophage, a tomb among the 

Barcotiquc, 2. a. —tic 

Sardine, sf. sardinai pUchard, 

>ioe,tAe sardonfz 
tent, sm. vine branch 
sin, buckwheat 
isine, sf. aporteuUis 
u, sm. a wagener*a or 
•oom*8 frock 

Sa#iette, sf. the herb savory 
, Mil. a sievey search 

Saaier, va. to sift^ examine 

Basel, sm. little sieve 

Saian, Satan, the devil 

Satellite, guard, satellite 

8ati6t6, sf. satietffi surfeit 

SAtin, sm. satin 

Satinade, sf. satinet 

Bating, e. a. satin-like 

Blitiner, va. to * make satin-like 

Satire, sm. satire, lampoon 

Batiriqae, 3. a. —rict abusive 

— , sm. a satirist 

Batiriquement, ad. —rieally 


Satiriaer, va. to aatvrixe 
Satisfaction, «f. satisfaction 
Satisfbctoire, 2. a. satisfactory 
Satisfkire, v. to satisfy^ please, 

discharge, gratify 
Satisfaisant, e. a.pleasn 
Satiflfait, e. contented 
Satrape, mi. a satrap 
Satrajde, sf. siUrapy 
Satteaa, sm. sort of bark^ to fish 

Sataration, sf. impregnation 

with alkali and acid 
Satur6, e. a. impregnated with 

alkali and acid 
Saturer, va.. to saturate 
Baturnales, sf. pi. —nals 
Satume, sm. Saturn 
Satumien, ne. a. saturnine; 
Satyre, sm. a satyr [gloomy 
Bavamment, ad. learnedly 
Savanne, sf. Savanna ■ 
Savant, e. a. s. learned 
Savantaase, sm. pedantic scholar 
Savantissime, very great scholar 
Bavate, sf. old shoe, or slipper 
Bavaterie, old shoes trade • 
Saace, sauce . . 

Saucer,* dip in thesaucc; 

Sauci^re, ef. saucer, sauce-boat 
Saudsae, sausage, pudding 
SauclBBier, sm. sausage-maker 
Sauciaaon, thick and short sau- 
sage; squib 
Saveter, va. to cobble 
Savetier, sm. cobbler, bungler 
Baveur, sf. savour, relish 
Bauf, ve. a. safe 
Sauf, pr. save, under, but 

conduit, sm. safe conduct; 

Kpass; license 
Sauge, sf. sage 
Saugren^e, a. seasoning with 

salt, pepper, and smell herbs 
Saugrenu, e. a. foolish, silly 
Saule, sm. willow or seUlow-tree 
Saunifttre, 8. a. briny, brackish 
Baumon, sm. salmon, pig of lead 
Saumoneau, a little salmon 
Saumure, sf. brine 
Saunage, sm. saU^trade 
Sauner. va. to * make sett 
Saunerie, sf. saltern 
Saunler, am. saU-maker^ aalter \ 



Fauz-iaunier, aalt-smuggler 
Savoir, va. to * know; * be 

Savoir, sm. knowledge, learning 
Savoir-faire, skiU,\wit 
Savon, soap 

Savonnage, soaping linen 
Savonner, va. to * wash wiih 

soap, scold 
Savonnerie, sf soap-house 
Savonnette, a wash-ball 
Savonneux, se. a. soapy 
Savonnidre, sf soap-wort 
Savourer, va. to savour, relish 
Savoar^t, sm. marrow-bone 
Savourcusement, ad. relishingly 
Savourenx,8e. a. savoury 
Saupiquet, sm. high-reUshed 

Saupoudrer; vo. to powder; 

com; sprinkle; * strew 
Saure, 2. a. yellowish brown 
Saurer, va. to dry in the smoke 
Saussaie, sf. a wttlow-plot 
Saut, sm. leap, jump, tumble, 
. water-fall 
Sauter, va. to * ieap, * jump, 

* skip a word, tumble 
Sautereau, sm.jaek of a spinnet 
Sauterelle, sf. grasshopper; lo- 
Sauteur, se. s. leaper, tumbler, 

Bautiilement, sm. skqming ; 

tripping along {along 

Sautiller, vn. to* skip, * trip 
Sautolr, sm. saltier 
Sauvage, 3. a. savage, wild 
Sauvage, sm. salvage; savage 
F^uvageon, wild stock 
Sauvagln, e. a. s. fishy, rammish 

Sauvagne, sf wild fowls; skins 

of foxes, polecats, ^c. 
Sauvegarde, safeguard, pretcf 

Sauver, va. to save, exeus$ 
Seea.\iver,vr. tot escape 
Sauvet^, */. scfety 
Sauveur, sm. Savumr 
Saxatile, S. a. that is amongst 

Saxifrage, sf. stone-break 
Sayon^rai. a kind ofeearae haiH 



Sbire, « eonttdbU im #o«m Mm- 

tries , 

Scabelloiif a stand 
Scabioaie, af. scabious (kerb) 
Scabieux, se. a. itck-Uke 
Scabreux. w. «. rugged^ diffieuU^ 
Scalane, 3. a, seaUne [tUklish 
Scalpel, «ti». su^el, a surgeon^s 

gcamon^e, sf. scammowff 
Scandale, sm. seaatdtUi offenes 
Bcandaleusement, ad. —4ously 
Scandaleuz, se. a. s. scandalous 
Scandaliser, va. to ocandnlite; 

* givi offsnes 
Be scandaliser, or. to * boofend- 
Scander, va, to «can [od 

Scapul^re, SM. —larf 
Scarab6e, sm. scarab^ bsotlo 
Scaramoucbef Italian tani 
Scarificatear, sm. —cator 
Scarification, sf. —tion 
Scarifier, va. to scarify^ lance 
Scarlatine (fidvre,) searlet-fever 
Sceau, sm. a seal 
Scel, a seal [villain 

Sc61drat, e. a. s. flagitious; a 
Sc^Ieratesse, fif. vUlany 
Scell6, sm. the seal 
Scellement, cramping 
Sceller, va. to seal, cramp 
Scelletir, sm. a sealer 
Sc^ne, sf. a stage; scene 
• Se^niqae, 2. a. seenical 
Sc6nogra^e, ^. —pky 
Scepiacisme, sm. — eism 
Sceptique, 3. a. s. septic 
Sceptre, sm. a sceptre 
Scbeilng, a shilling 
Schismatique, 3. a. s. —tic 
Spbisme, sm. schism 
Sciage, sawing 
Sciatere, seiaterie^ sun-dial 
Sciat6rique, 2. a. sdaUrie 
Sciatique, 2. a, sciatic 
Sciatique, sf. sciatica^ hip-gout 
Scie, a saw 

Scie-&-main, a hand-tsaw 
Sciemment, ad. knowingly 
Science, sf. science 
Scientinque, 2. a. seiontifical 
Scientiflquc-ment, ad. learnedly 
Bclcr, va. to * saw 
Scieur, sm. a sawyer 
8citttUI«tion, sf. twinkUng 


Scion, Ml. twig, aA^ef, teion 
Sciflrile, ft. a. scisstio [vision 
Sciflslon, sf.seissioH,€uttingidi' 
Sciaaure, sdssure, oraeifc, remt 
Sciuie, saw-dmst 
Scoiastique, 2. a. sckolastio 
Scolastique, sm. schoolrdnine 
Scoiastique, sf. divinity 
Scolagtiquement, ad. learmdiy 
Scoliaste. sm. a oohoUast 
Scolie, sf. commentary 
Scoiopeodre, —dra; harfs 
Scwbut, sm. scurvy [Untrue 
Scorbntique, 2. a. «. scorbutic 
Scoidium, sm. water-germander 
Scone, sf. dfoso^ scoria 
Scorification, the rodueing to 

Scorificatoire, sm. vessel serving 

to reduce to scerim 
Scorifier, va. to reduce to scoria 
Scorpiojeile, sf. oil of scorpion 
Scorpion, sm. scorpion^ scorpio 
Sconsondre, sf. seortonora 
Scribe, sm. a ser^e^ copyist 
Scripteur, the writer of the 

P9pe's buU 
Scrlpturaire, —turist 
■Scrofulaire, sf, blind^neUle 
Scrofuleiuc, ee. a. scrofulous 
Scroton, sm. scrotum 
Scrupule, scruple; doubt 
ScrapaletiBement, ad. ^-9ously 
Scrupuleux, ae. a. scruptOous • 

Scrutateor, mi. e«r, searcher 

Scruter, va. to serutinite 
Scrutin, Ml. scrulinyt baUot 
Sculpter, va. to carve; e^gf-a»e 
Scolpteur, sm. carver^ sculptor 
Sculpture, sf. — t«r«, carving; 

carved work 
Scurrile, 2. a. — r«, saucy 
Scurrilement, ad. bvffoon-like 
Scurrilitd, */. — Wty, drollery 
Se^pr. ens' 8 se^fhimse^y herself, 

themselves, itself, each other, 

one tlnother 
Stance, sf. place, seat, session 
S^ant, e. a. becoming; decent, 

fitting; sittinfr 
Seau, sm. apatl, bucket 
S^bile, sf. a wooden bowl 
Sec, a. m. S^che, /. dry; biunt; 

sharp; tart; lean 
A wCi dry, p«or, siUnesd 


BSv, Ma* eH/^fnoae 

S^cable, 2. a. iiimeiMM 

S6cance, sf. sequeiua 

Sdcante, secemt 

Sdctae, cutOo-fish 

S^cbement, <Mf. dryby^ €oUI§. 

Sdcber, va. to dry, wiiher 
Secberesse, of. dryness, avidity 
sieeity, droughty jt^eunenesi 
S6cboir, sm. horso or board fo 

drying Knen 
Second, e. a. s. second 
Secondaire, 2. a. —dary 
Seconde, sf. second 
Seoondement, ad. secondly 
Seconder, va. to second, as^t 
Secouer, va. to * shake, * shakt 

off, jolt, jor, bang 
Secourable, 2. a. helpful 
Secourir, va. to succour; * help 
SecouTB, sm. succour, help; sup 

ply; t^apel of ease 
SecoiLBse, sf. shake, jolt, fif 

check, spring 
Secret, te. a. secret, private 
Secret, mi. secret, mystery 
Secretaire, secretary 
Secr^tairerie, sf. the secretary'. 

SecFdtariat, mi. secretaryship 
Secrete, s. secret prayer 
SecrStement, ad. secretly : 
Secr^Uon, sf. —tion 
Secr^toire, 2. a. secretory 
SecUire, sm. a sectary 
Sectatenr, follower, disc^ , 
Secte, sf. a sect 
Sectenr, sm. a sector ^ ^ 
Section, */. section, division 
Soculitire, 2. a. secular 
Secularisation, sf. —tation . 
S6culari8er, va. to seculartu, 
S6cularit«, */. secular life 
S6culler, e. o. s. layman 
S6culi6rement, ad. worldly 
&^cuTM,sf. security ^ . 
S6dano!se, pearl (in prmttng) 
S6datif, ve. a. anodyne 
Sedentalre, 2. a. sedentary 
Sediment, mi. sediment, dregs 
Sddiacusemcnt, ad. -^tiously 
ls<iditietiz, se. a. s.sedit»ous/(bA 


S^didon, J/, aediti&m; vpr0Mr 
SMacteiir, rice^ a, aedueer 
Sedacteur, rice. a. teduang, de- 

eeiving-j deboMdUng 
Seduction, »f. aedueUon 
S^duire, va, to aeduce 
S^duisant, e. a. aeducmg; an- 

SegmeiH« ^ni. aegment 
S^grdgattODf «/. —tian 
Seigle, am. rye 
I Seigle bianCf amet-eom 
' Seigneur^ lordj aeignar 
Seigneariase, aeignoraga 
SeigneuriaT, e. a. ofj or belamg- 

ing to the lord of the manor 
Seigneurie, sf. lordakip^ manor 
ijein, «m. breaat; boaom; vomb; 

gulf; middle 
Same, af. fish net 
Setiig, am, signature^ name,htAul 
Sejour, stay, abode, mansion 
B6joHrner, vn. to * abide, * atay 
8eizainc, sf. thick pack-thread 
Seize, 2. a. a. aiztean 
Seize, am. aizteen 
Seizieme, 2. a. a. aixteenth 
Sel, sm. aalt; loit 
— attique, aterling vtit 
S^lenographie, af. —phy 
Selle, aaddU, pinion, atool 
Seller, va. to saddle 
Sellerie, af. cupboard for horaa- 

Beliette, atoola {at trials) 
SeUier, am. a aadler 
Selon, pr. according to, after 
— — que, e. according aa 
Semalile, af. aowing; seed aown; 

seed time 
Seinaine, toeek, vteeVa work, or 

Semamier, e. a. weekly 
Semainier, sm. on duty 
Seniblable, 2. a. sm. like, aUke, 

such, equal, fellow 
— — , am. fellow creature 
Seniblablement, ad. likewiae 
Semblance, sf. likewiae 
Semblaiit, sm. pretence, show 
Faire aetiiblant, to pretend 
Bembler, seem, * look 
Semelle, sf. sole; foot; lee-beard 
Bemence, aeed; cauaa 
Bevmir, va. to * aowy * apread 


Semestre, 3. «. ai» mentka^ duty 
Semestre, am, »i% montha* aa- 

maatra, mfmrtough 
Semeur, a aowar 
Bemi, half 

Scmi-pre'uve, ^f. aemi-proof 
Semillant, e. a. friaky, \af a 

S^minaire, am. —nary, nursery 
Seminal, e. a. —nal 
S^minariste, am. a aaminariat 
Semis, « aeed plot 
Semi-ton, aemi'tona 
Semoir, a aeed bag 
SemoDCe, af. aummona; warning 
Semoncbre, va' to invite; aum- 

Semonaeor. am^ aummoner 
Sempitemei, le. a. eoerUuting; 

vieille sempitemelle, old aul- 

len woman; old witch 
SAnat, sm. senate, aenate-houaa 
S^nateur, aenator 
Senatorial, e. a. aenatorial 
S^natorien, ne. a. aenatortan 
S^natrice, if. aenator'a wife in 

S^natale, am. little aenate 
S6natu8-oon8uIte, decree of the 

Roman aenate 
Senau, faat aaiUng boat 
send, aena 
Sendchal, aaneachal 
Sendchale, af. seneaehaVa lady 
Senechauasee, aenaachaVajvria- 

Sene^n, am. groundsel 
Senegre, fenugreek 
Senelle, af. hdw 
Senestre (main,) l^t hand 
Sdneve, am. muatardraeed 
Senieur, «0a»or, elder 
Sens, aenae; opinion; eonatric- 

tion; aide; way 
Sens-dessua-dessouB, ad, topay 

Senardevant-derri^re, wrong 

Sensation, af. aenaaHon 
Sense, e. a. aenaible, rational 
Sensement, ad. rationally 
Sensibilite, •/. amaibUity 
Sensible, S. a. aenaible, tender ^ 

grieveua, exeeptioua 
Sensible, am. aenaible part 

SEP 179 

Bensibiement, ad. aanaibly 
Sensittf, ve. a. aenaitive 
Sensitive, */. —tive plant 
Sensorium, «jii. aanaoritan 
Sensualite, sf. aenaua^itv 
Sensuel, le. a. «. aenaueJ 
Sensuellemeut, ad. aenaualfy 
Sentence, af. aentence 
Sentencier, vh. to aentenea 
Sentencieusement, ad, aentenr 

tioualy [fithft 

Sentencieux, se. a. aenientiaua, 
Senteur, sf. odour, amell 
Senteur8,|»2. perfumea, awaeta 
Seniier, *m. path, by-way 
Sentiment, —meiifr, aenae; faair 

ing, sensation, opinion 

inlinie, consdouaneaa 

Sentimental, e. a. —tal 
Sentine, sf. sink of a *A«> 
Sentinelle, sentinel, aentry 
Sentir, va. to * feel; be* a 

ble of; * amell; taatfi; * 

of; * look; foreaee 
Se -—, vr. to *feel; * know one*a 

self ■ 
Seoir, va. to Jit weU, to * beeoma 
separable, 2. a. separable 
separation, tf. tion, divarea; 

partition; parting 
Separatiste, a. dissenter 
Separe, e. a. dietanet, d^farant 
Separement, ad. aaundar, iepef 

Separer, va. to aeparate; part 
Se — , vr. to break up, part • 
Sepee, af. thicket or ehai^fram 

one root 
Sept, 2. a. aaven 
Sept, am. a. seven, aeventh 
Septante, 2. h. am. aeventy 
Septembre, am. September 
Septenaire, (nombre,) a^tanary 

number; seven 
Sejttentrion, am. the north 
Septentrional, e. a. northern 
Septentrionaux, nertham 

Septieme, ^ a. am. the aavamk^ 

Septiemement, ad. aeventhly 
Septier, am. twelve buahela; two 

Septuagenaire, 8. a. «ev«B<|| 

yemra of age 



8eptaag6aime, «/. —#t«a 
S^pulcral, e. a. tepuUhral 
S^pulcre, am. sepuUhre; grave 
Sepulture, 8f. burial; a bwying- 

placij tombf grave 
Sequelle, gang^ crew, dub 
8^qucnc«, sequence 
Sequestration, —tion 
B^qaestre, m. sequeetratien 
— — , sequestrator 
Siquestrer, va. to sequester; so- 

oretSf separate 
Sequin, «m. techin 
S^rail, seraglio 
S^rancer, va. to kaiekel 
B6rancler, sm. hatcheller 
Sdraphin, a. oerapk 
S^raphique, 8. a. seraphic 
S^raskier, om. a general of an 

army among the Turks 
Serdeau, office in the king's 

Serein, evening dew, mildew 

, e. serene, clear, quiet 

serenade, sf. serenade; night- 

music; merriment 
S6r6ni8Bime, 3. a. most serene 
Ser6nit6, ef. serenitjf, calmness 
S^reuz, B& a. serous, waterisk 
Serf, serve, a. s. a bondman, 

bondwoman; a villain 
Serfouette, •/. small hoe 
Sei^, serge 

Sergeant, sm. seijeant, bailiff 
Sei^genter, va. to* send bailiffs 

after one 
Sergenterie, sf. serjeanVs place 
Sergerie, serge trade 
Sergetle, thin and light serge 
Seiner, s. sergo-meuter 
Sdne, */. a series, sequence, in- 
S^rieusement, a^. seriously; in 

SMeux, se. a. serious, grave, 

'earnest, sincere 
Serieux, sm. seriousness 
Dans ]e serieux, in earneot; 

au B6rieux, bluntly 
Serin, a canary bird; hatehel 
Serine, ef. hen canary bird 
Serinette, a bird organ 
Seringat, «iii. seringa (Jlower) 
Seringue, sf. a syrtnge 
Seiinguer, va. to eyrtnge; sf¥irt\ 


Sermon, a sermon; discourse 
Sermonette, sf. sort of anomo- 

ny or wind-flower 

Sermonnaire, sm. collection of 

sermons [fo^ 

Sermonner, va. U preach; *find 

Sermonneur, se. «. preacher^ 

Seroeite, sf. serosity, serum 
Serpe, a hedging bill 
Serpent, sm. serpent, siutke 
Serpentaire, sf. snake root 
Serpentaire, sm. Serpentarius 
Serpenteau, young snake; ser- 
pent or small squib 
Serpenter, vn. to * wind; ser- 
Serper.tin, e. a. serpentine^ spi- 
ral, winding 
Serpentin, sv^ cock of a musket 
Serpentine, sf. —ttne stone; 

grass plantane 
Serper, vn. to weigh anchor 
Serjiette, sf. pruning knife 
SerpilU^re, packing cloth 
Sgrpolet, m. wild-dkyme 
Serre, */. green-house, fruit- 
house; a talon; squeeting 
Serrd, e. a. reserved, dose-fist' 
ed; dose, compact, tight, con- 
Serr6, ad. hard; soundly 
Serre-file, sm. bringing up 
Serre-tdte, night-cap band 
Serr^ment, ad. dose, near, nig- 
gardly [presaioa 
Serrement, sm. squeezing, op- 
Serrer, va. to * squeeze; * draw 
close; tie tigJU; * lay up; * 
Se serrer, to * sit, * stand, * lie 

Serron, sm. a box containing 

imported drugs 
Serrure, sf. a lock 
Sernirerie, locksmith^ s trade, or 

Semirier, mi. a locksmith 
Serte, sf. setting of a ring, ^e. 
Sertir, va. to * set a gem 
Sertifisure, sf setting a gem 
Servage, sm. viUanage 
Servante, ef. servoMt-maid ser- 

Serviable, 3. a, serviceable 
Service, sm. service; waiting; 

ifffice; good turn; course; uaa 
Serviette, sf. a napkin 
Servile, a. servile, mean 
Servilement, ad. slavishly 
Servir, v. toserve; wait;* help, 

fMend; * be of use; to * be 
Servir de, to* be instead of 
Se iservir de, to * make use of 
Serviteur, sm. servant 
Servitude, sf. servitude, slavery 
S6nim, sm. serum, seroeit^ 
See, his, her, its 
Sesame, sm. sesame (plant) 
S^samoide, */. star-wort 
S^aeli, sm. hart-wort 
Session, sf. session, sitting 
Sesterce, ^m. —ce (coin 
Setier, twdve bushels 
S^ton, Ml. a seton, rowd 
S6ve, sf. sap, tartness 
Severe, 2. a. severe, stem 
S^vdrement, ad. severely 
S^vdriti, sf. severity, rigour 
S^vices, ill usage {he 

SeuiJ, sm. threshold 
SeuiUet, lille threshold 
S^vir, vn. to misuse, punish 
Seul, e. a. alone, sole, only 
Un seul, une seule, one 
Seulement, ad. only, soldy, but 
Seulet, te. a. londy, alone 
Sevrer, va. to wean, derive 
Sexagdnaire, 3.a.«m. sixty yearm 

Sexag^sime, sf. —sima 
Sexe, sm. sex. ^Le bean mxOf 

Sextant, a. sextant 
Sexte, sexte; sixA 
Sexdl, a. s. sexUle 
Sextuple, six times as much 
Sexuel, le. a. of the sexes 
Sharif, sm. sheriff 
Si, c. if, so, as, yes, unless, wks- 

Si Men que, so that 
Si ce n'est que, unless, but 
Si tant est que, if so be that 
Si fail, yes, yes indeed 
Si, OTi. an «/.— Des ai &; dea 

mats, ifs and buts; oljeetiani 
Si, si, or * (m musie) 


Biamotoe, af. eoarat cotton cloth 
SibylJej a sibyl; old maid 
Sibyllin, a. sm. oibyllino 
Siccit^, sf. siccityf dryness 
Side, sm. a shekel 
Bidcle, a century; an age; timo 
Steele futur, the life to come 
Si^ge, am. seal; see; bench, 

siege; court of justice 
Si^ge (anus,) fundament 
Singer, vn. to * hoULy * ke^ one'a 

Bien, ne. pro. his, hers; his otpn, 

her oton 
Siens, m. pi. relations, men 
Sier, vn. to *fall astern 
Sieste, sf. aftemOtmls nap 
Sieur, sm. lord of a manor; also, 

sir, or master 
jSiflement, tohistling, hissing 
Sifler, V. to whistle; * hisa; tpor* 

ble; whiz; * give one hia cue 
Slflet, sm. a whistle; catcall; 

Sifleur, ee. a whistler; kisser 
6igiU6e (terre,) terra sigiUata 
Signal, sm. signal, sign 
Signaux, pi. sisals, signs 
Signal^, e. a. signal, famous 
Signa]ement, sm. a aesaiption 

of a man; sign 
Signaler, va. to signalize 
Se — , vr. to signalize one*s self 
Signature, sf. signature,signing 
Signe, sm. sign, token, beck, 

omen, wink, nod, wonder 
Signer, v. to sign, subscribe 
Signet, sm. tassel 
Significatif, ve. a. significant 
Signification, */. ^tion, sense 
Signifier, ua. to signify, * mean 
Silence, sm. silence > 

Silencieuz, se. a. silent, of few 

words, still 
Silique, sf. cod, husk, shell 
Siliage, am. track of a ship 
Si He, a satirical poem amvng 

the Qreeks 
Siller, va. to steer; to sail; to 

Siilon, sm. a furrow 
Silloner, va. to furrow 
Silves, sf, pi. miscellaneous 

Bimagrte, ^.grimace, apiahnesa 


Simarre; a womasCa gown full 

and long 
Similaire, S. a. «<iiit7ar 
Similitude, af. similitude; simi- 
larity; parable 
Similor, sm. pinchbeck 
Simdniaque, 3. a. a. aimeniacal; 

Simonie, sf. aimony 
Simple, 2. a. sm. simple; plain; 
single; silly; medicinal plant 
SimpTement, ad. merely; plain- 
ly; only 
Simplesee, sf. quiet life 
Simplicit6, —city, aiUvnesa 
Simplifier, va. to abridge 
Simulacre, am. idol; image; 

Simulation, sf. —tion 
Simuler, vn. to feign 
Simultan^e, 3. a. —taneoua 
Sinapisme, am. —pism, poultice 

of mustard seed 
Sincere, 2. a. sincere, honest 
Slnc^rement, ad. sincerely 
Sinc6rit6, sf. sincerity, candour 
Sinciput, sm. crown of the head 
Singe, ape; monkey; windlass 
Singer, va. to mimic; imitate 

Singerie, sf^ an apish trick 
Se singuiariser, vr. to affect sin- 
gularity; * be singular 
Singularity, sf. singularity 
Singulier, e. a. am. singular; 
. rare; affected 
Singuli^rement, ad. —larly, af- 



Sinistre, S. a. sinister; unlucky; 

perverse; wicked 
Sinistiement, ad. untowardly 
Sinon, ad. else^ or else; save, 

Sinople, «fiu sinople; green, in 

Sinueuz, Be. a. sinuous, winding 
Sinuosity, sf. sinuosity, winding 
Sinus, sm. sine, sinuM 
Siption, siphon, water-spout 
Sire, sire, lord, sir 
Sirene, */. mermaid; charmer 
Sirerie, lordship 
SiriuB, sm. Sirius, dog-star 
Siroc, south-east wind in the 


Sirop, ayrup 
Siroter, va. to sip; t^le 
Sis, e. a. seated, aituated 
Sistre, am. sistrum, cithern 
Site, site, in landscape 
Sitdt que, c. aa soon aa 
Situation, sf. situation, site,p9a- 

ture, condition 
Situer, vn. to situate, seat 
Six, 2. a. sm. six, sixth; a six 
Sixain, «m. stanza of six versea^ 

six packs of cards 
Sixi^me, 2. a. sm. sixth; a sixth 
Sixi^mement, ad. sixthly 
Sixle, sf. sixth, in music 
Sobre, 2. a. sober, discreet 
Sobrement, ad. soberly 
Sobridt6, sf. sobriety,temperance 
Sobriquet, sm. a nickname * 
Soc, a ploughshare 
Sociability, sf. good-nature 
Sociable, 2. a. sociable 
Social, e. a. social 
Societe, sf. society, converae,clvb 
Socinianisme, sm. —nism 
Sociuien, ne. s. a socinian 
Socle, sm. foot, stand, base 
^cque, sf. sandal; wooden clog 
Socratiser, va. to argue like So* 

Soeur, sf. a sister, a nun 
Soeurette, a little sister 
Sofa, sm. a sofa 
Soi, pr. one's self; itself; one 
Soi-disant, am. pretender, would 

Soi-mdme, one*a aelf, himaelf, 

herself, itself 
Soie, sf. silk; bristle; tongue of 

a blade 
Soierie, silk trade; ailk atuffa 
Soif, thirst, greedy desire 
Soigner, va.t6* look after, tend 
Soigneusement, ad. carefully 
Soigneux, se.a. careful 
Soin, am. care, anxiety 
Soir, sm. evening, night 
Soiree, sf. evening 
Soit, ad. be it so, well and good 
Soit, c. either, or, as 
— que, c. whether, or, aa 
Soixantaine, sf. sixty 
Solxant. 2. a. sixty 
Soixanti^me, 2. a. sm. sixtieth 
Sol, sm. soil, ground-plot 



8ol, Ml, or ^, mutieai wvU 
Sol, vid. 8oa, pmmg 
SoUdra, 3. a. talar 
Bolaiidm, «^. pi. soUMdary uUttr 
dolbata, BoUe-bata, e. a. narhat- 

SoUmtnre, #/. 9urbiaiMg 
Boldanelle, bindnoMd 
Soldat, MS. a, aoUier 
Soldateaque, af. aoldUry 
— , S. a. aoUiier-Uke 
Solde, »f. fay; balama tf an 

. Bolder un eompte, oa. to elo9§ 

Sole, sf. a sole; horoe-hoof 
Barque k lole, a ;S<U-»otto«etf 

Sol^ciame, mi. aoleeiom, inytro' 

prioty in speech 
SoleU, aun; aun-flower; geld 
Sotemnel, le. a. solemn 
8(deinnelleineiit, ad, aolernnly^ 

SolemniBation, af. — tation 
Solemniser, va. to eolemniie 
Solemnitd, af. solemnity 
Solfier, va. to learn the gamut; 

Solidaire (contrat,) a bend in 

aoUiity; bend in ao- 

Bolidairement, ad, in aoUdo; 

Bolide, 3. a. am, aolid; atrong 
Solidement, ad, aolidlyf atrong- 


Boliloque, am. aoUloquy • 
Bolip^de, 3. a. solipede 
Solitaire, 3. a. aolitary, deaert 
•~, am. aoUtaire; anchoret 
Bolifairement, ad. aoUtarily 
Solitude, af. aolitude 
BoUve, a joiatj girder 
Soliveau, am. a rafter 
SoIIicitation, af. aolicitation 
Solllciter, va. to solicit^ entice 
Solliclteur, se. a. aolioilor^ aoli- 

SoIUcitude, af. solicitude, care 
Solstice, am. solstice 
Solstitial, e. a. soUtiUal 
Bolvabilitd, sf, solvency- 
Solvable, S. a. aolvent 


BolaMe, S. a. aoMla 
Solution, af. aolutiout payment 
Somache, 9. a. braekiaht aail 
Somatologie, af. —gy 
Sombre, 3. a. d«tt, gloomy 
Sombrer, VM. to * be overaet 
SQmmaire,3. a, aummary^coneiae 
Sommaire, am. abridgment^aumr 

mary, abstract 
Sommairement, ad. briefly 
Soaunation, sf. a aummona 
Souune, a beaaVa load; a aum 
Sdmme^ am. slumber 
Sommeil. ale^t ale^ineaa 
Sommeiller, tm. to alumber 
SommeiBerie, af, butler^a plieo; 

Sommelier, am, buHer 
Sommer, va. to aummon; aum 

up; daim 
Sommet, mi. top, aunanit 
Bommier, aumpter-horae; hair 

cuahion; aummer 
Sornmit^, af. the aharp end of the 

top ofplantayfl4noera^irc. 
Somnambule, a, one who walka 

in hia aleep 
Somnif^re, 3. a. aomniferoua 
— , am. aoporiferous draught 
Somptuaire, 8. a. sumptuary 
Somptueosemeat, ad, sumptu- 
Somptuenz, se. a. «iifliptiiMi«, 

Somptuoaitft, sf, aumptuouaneaai 

Son, Ml. bran; aound^ rhyme 
Son, pr. m. his, her, its 
Sonate, sf. sonata 
Sonde, sounding lead; probe 
Bonder, va. to «oicni2, probe, * 

search; * pump; sift 
Sondeur, sm. sounder 
Songe, a dream 
Song-creux, visionary man 
Songe-maUce,p<oeter ofmischi^ 
Songer, «. to * dream; * think; 

imagine; consider; mind 
Songeur, se. s. dreamer, mope 
Sonica, s. ad. a card ol basset; 
. tR the nick of time 
Sonnaille, sf. a horse-bell 
Sonnailler, va. to * ring the bdls 

often and without necessity 
Sonnant, e. a. sounding 


. vn. to$$Mdi *Hng; ♦ 

atrike; blow 
Sonnerie, af. ring of bOUidoek' 

Sonnet, am. a sonnet 
Sonnette, af. a little bell 
Sonnettier, mi. maker sf UttU 
. beUa 

Sonneur, a ringer , 
Sonnez, two atxea 
ScxDore, 3. a, aonoroua 
Bophi, Ml. aophi, king of Persia 
Sophiame, am. aopkiam, eavil 
Sophiste, aophister, caviller 
Sophistication, sf. adulteration 
Sophistique, 3. a. sophistical 
Bophistiquer, va. to cavil; ts 

Sopbistiquerie, af. aephistry; 

Boptaistiqueur, mi. —iicator 
BophoniBtes, pi. cenaors m 

Soporatif, a. aoporific 
Boporatif, ve. a. aoporiferous 
Soporeuz, se. a. aopor^fic 
Soporif^re, 3. a. sopor^c 
Boporifique, 3. a. soporijic 
Sorbe, sf. sorb, aerviee 
Sorbet, #tR. aherbet 
Borbier, sorb^ service-tree 
Sorbonique, sf. act of divinity 
Borboniste, mi. a doctor of Sor- 

Border, sm. aoreerer, wizard 
Borci6re, af. sorceress^ witch 
Sorcier, e. a. bewitching 
Bordlde, 3. a. sordid, mean 
Sordidement, ad. sordidly 
Sordidit^, sf. sordidntsss 
Soret, sm. ^ortUfsted 
Sonie, sf. scum; dross of iron 
Somettes, pi. idle storiea 
Sororal, e. a. of a sister, sisterly 
Bororiant, t.a.swtUing, ox grow- 
Son, sm. fate; lot; smell 
— principal, chief sum 
Bortable, 3. a. suitable, equal 
Borte, sf. sort, kind, manner 
De sorte que,en sorte que,ff9 that 
Sortie, sf. avoing out; aaUy; 

an export; outlet 
Sortilege, am witchcraft 


Spitir,m. t»*i^ or •cmu nU; 

*g9 abroad;^ itgue; * spring'; 

get out; * bring off; * come off 
Sot, 80tte,«. s. silly; a fool 
Sottement, ad.fooUskly 
Sotttoe, sf. sUUness; foUy; ob- 
scene langnaffo 
Sottisier, sm. eoUeetion of trash 
Sou. a penny; pennyioortk 
SoiibaaKment, base; fnnge; 

pattern; socket 
Soubreaaut, a gambol 
Soabretle, sf. an abigaU; vait- 

«R# teoman 
BouDrevcste, sf. groom* sfroek 
Soacbe, stump^ stock; stack of 

chimneys; blockhead 
Souchet) sm. kind of freestone; 

eyporus; sort of rush 
I Soocl, anxiety; a marigold 
^ Se aoucir, vr. to care for^ mind 
Soucieox, 16. a. full of care^ 

Sottooape, sf. a saucer^ salver 
Soudaia, e. a. sudden • 
^oudain, ad. forthwith 
Soudainement, suddenly 
Boudarf, sm. sultan of Egypt 
Soadard, soldier (ia jokej 
Soude, sf. salt-wort^ halt 
Boader, va. to solder; settle 
fik>udear, sm. solderer 
Soudoyer, va. to * keep in pay 
Soudre, to solve; resolve 
Boudrille, ^m. rascally soldier 
Soudure, sf. solder^ soldering 
Soufflage, sm. sheathing a ship; 

bloving of glass 
Soufflant, e. a. blowing 
Souffle, sm. puff, breaUi 
Sooffler, v. to * blow; breathe, 

prompt; whisper; chouse; 
ship: huff a mam; 




* seek the philosopher's etone 
Sonffierie, sf. bellows of an or- 
gan; working in chymisiry 
Soufflet, sm. bellows^ calash; box 

on the ear; balk 
Souffletade, sf. several boxes mi 

the ear 
Souffleter, va. to * cuff; box 
Souffleteur, se. s. boxer^ euffer 
Sooffleur, se. blower; prompter; 
one who it in search of the 
phttosopher's stone 

Souffrance, sf. emffering; tole- 
Souffrant, e. a. patient 
Souffre-douleura, s. dru^e 
Souffireteuz, ae. a.poor^ needy 
Souffnr, V. tosufferj admit of 

endure, * stand 
Soufre, sm. brimstons, sulphur 
Soufrer, va, to* do over