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A 

NEW 



UNIVERSAL GAZETTEER,' 



OR 



GEOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY, 



COITTAININO 



A DESCRIPTION OF THE VARIOUS COUNTRIES, PROVINCES, CITIES, TOWNS, SEAS. 
LAKES, RIVERS, MOUNTAINS, CAPES, kc; ' *^^«0| o*^»i 



IV THE 



KNOWN WORLD. 



WITH AN 



APPENDIX, 



COSTAJOmrO am ACCOVNT OV TBB HOBIXS, WBIGHTS AVD HSAAVaXfl Of VAltlOUS GOUHT&IZ8, WIYR 
TABLES UJAfBTajLTIXa THX POPVI.ATIOH, COMMBRGB, AHS RXSOURCXa OS TBS VfflTXD STATEt. 

ACCOMPANIED WITH AN ATLAS. 



BT JEDIDIAH MORSE, D. D. A.,A. S. 8. H. 8. 

An> 
MC HAHD C. MORSE, A. M. 

FOURTH EDITION REVISED AND CORRECTED. 



NEW HAVEN: 

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BT 8. CONVERSE. 



1823. ^ 




DISTRICT OF COJ^J{ECTlCUT, ss. 

BE IT REMEMBERED, That on the eig^hth day of August, ia the forty-sixtk 
k year of the Independence of the United States of America, Jedidiah Morse, and 
I Richard C. Morse, of the said District, hare deposited in this Office the title of a 
Book,the right whereof they claim as Authors and Proprietors, in the words following, 
to wit :— ** A New Universal Gazetteer, or Geographical Dictionary, containing a de- 
scription of the various countries, provinces, cities, towns, seas, lakes, rivers, mountains, capes, &c in 
the known world. With an Appendix, containing an account of the monies, weights and measures of 
various countries, with tables illustrating the population, commerce, and resources of the United States. 
Accompanied with an Atlas. By Jedidiah Morse, D. D. A. A. S. S. H. S. and Richard C. Morse, 
A. M. Third edition, revised and corrected." 

In conformity to the act of Congress of the United States, entitled, ^An Act for the encouragement of 
learning, by securing the copies of Maps, CharU, and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such 
copies, during the time therein mentioned." 

CHARLES A. INGERSOIX, Ckrk ofthe DitirieiofCofmeeticut, 
A true copy of Record, examined and sealed by me, 

CHARLES A. INGERSOLL, Clerk tftheDutriet of Connecticut. 



.-*>■ 



EXTRACTS FROM THE PREFACE TO THE THIRD EDITION, 



THE basis of the present volume, so far as relates to the Eastern 
Continent, is the ^New Edinburgh Gazetteer, in six volumes, " exe- 
cuted by six different authors of literary eminence, each taking a 
separate department" This work is an ample digest of the most 
valuable geographical materials recently published in Great Britain, 
and appears generally to have faithfully noticed all the modern chang- 
es; a point of the more importance, since the common Gazetteers 
published in England still continue the insertion of obsolete divisions, 
and even describe the most noted kingdoms with boundaries which 
have long since ceased to exist. Besides the information derived from 
the Edinburgh Gazetteer, the articles of the Eastern Continent have 
l)een improved from a variety of sources, particularly from the works 
of the best German geographers. 

In regard to our own country, the principal dependence in respect 
to vviiat may be called permanent geography, has been on the various 
ideographical works of the senior author ; the information in which 
has been gradually .collected during a space of more than thirty 
years, partly by correspondence with gentlemen of the first intelli- 
gence in the various States, and partly by consultation of standard 
works, as they have appeared from time to time. Much information 
has also been recently collected by correspondence, and extensive 
personal travels. The valuable works which have lately been pub- 
lished on various parts of the country, have been systematically, and, 
it is believed, faithfully digested. A catalogue of the publications to 
which we are principally indebted, is annexed to this preface. 

Particular attention has been given to the accounts of Missionary 
Stations. The principal authorities in this department of the work 
are the London Missionary Register, the Missionary Herald, publish- 
ed in Boston^ and the Reports of the several Missionary Societies. 
Most of the tables in the Appendix, and the principal articles rela- 
ting to the United States, were prepared by Sidney E. Morse, A. M. 
In tiie tables on the Commerce and Resources of the United States, 
he derived much assistance from the Statistical works of Pitkin and 
Seybert ; but the statements are generally exhibited in a new form, 
and are frequently the result of laborious calculations : many of them, 
also, are brought down to the present time from other sources. 

Abbreviations, though long since abandoned in Great Britain, arc 
?till used by German Geographers, and have been adopted by us. 
Wljcn not carried to excess, they are attended with obvious advanta- 
ge s. In the present volume, they are used only in words of frequent 
occurrence, and the explanation is generally obvious. 

New-Haven, August 8th, 1821. 



PBEFACE TO THE FOURTH EDITION. 



THE sale of the third edition of this work, consisting of 3,000 co- 
pies, in the short space of fifteen months, demands the grateful ac- 
knowledgments of the authors. 

In a work of this nature, it is impossible to avoid error. AH that 
can be reasonably required of the General Geographer, is ^ diligent 
collection, and faithful use, of the best materials. To accomplish this 
we have spared neither industry nor expense ; yet none can be more 
sensible than we ourselves, that some articles will be found defective, 
and some statements erroneous. We shall be much obliged by any 
communications, which will enable us to improve a future edition. 
To the {leads of the different departments of the General Govern- 
ment, and to all the gentlemen, who have obligingly furnished us with 
information for the improvement of the present edition, we tender 
our sincere thanks. 

New-Haven, March 27th, 1823. 



A 

CATALOGUE, 

OF TBE PRIVCIPAL WORKS CONSULTED IN COMPILING THIS GAZETTEER. 



Americana Arcbsologia, or Transactions of the American Antiquarian Society, 

latToh 8yo« Worcester, 1820. 
American Medical and Philosophical Register, 4 vols. 8vo. New- York, 18 1 4. 
American Missionary Register New- York. 
Blodget's Statistical Manual for the United States, 1810. 
Blunt^s Picture of New- Yoik, I8l7. 

Bouchette's Top<^raphical Account of Canada, and maps, 8vo. London, 1815. 
Boame's Map of Ohio, 1 820. 
Brackenridge's Views of Louisiana, 8vo. 1814. 
Cannibich's Lehrbuch der Geographic, 7th edition 8vo. pp. 695, Sondershaa- 

sen, 1820. 
Carrigain's map of New-Hampshire, 1818. 
Cincinnati Directory, 12mo. 1819. 

Connecticut and Rhode-Island Gazetteer, by Pease & Niles, 8vo. 1819. 
Connecticut, map of, by Warren & Gillet, 1821. 
Darby's Tour from New- York to Detroit, 8vo. 1819. 
Dearborn's Memoir of the Commerce and Navigation of the Black Sea, 2 vols. 

8vo. Boston, 1819. 
Drake's Picture of Cincinnati, 12mo. 1815. 
Dwight's Statistical Account of New-Haven, 1811. 
Dwight's Travels in New-England and New- York, 4 vols. 8vo. New-Haven, 

1821. 
Eddy's map of New- York, 1818. 
Edinbui^h Review. 
Emigrant's Guide to the Western and South- Western States, by William Darby, 

8vo. 1818. 
Emigrant's Directory, or Western Gazetteer, by Samuel R. Brown, 8vo. 1817. 
Field's Statistical Account of the county of Middlesex in Connecticut, 1819. 
Forbes' Sketches of Florida, 8vo. 1821. 
GreenleaPs Statistical View of Maine, 8vo. 1816. 
Hannon*s Journal of Travels in the interior of N. America, 8vo. 1820. 
Hassel's Statistische Uebersichts-Tabellen, folio, Gottingen, 1809. 
Hassel's Geographisch-statistisches Handworterbuch, octavo, 2 vols, in one, 

Weimar, 1817. 
Kentucky, Munsell's Map of, 1818, 6 sheets. 

Kramer's Geographic der Staaten des deutschen Bundes, 8vo. Bremen, 1818. 
Lay's Map of New-York, 1820. 
Lewis and Clarks Expedition to the sources of the Missouri and to (he Pacific 

Ocean, 2 vols. 8vo. 1814. 
London Missionary Register. 
Long's Expedition to the Rockj Mountains in 1819, '20, 8vo. 2 voIf. with an 

atlas. I'hiladelphia, 1823. 
Melish's maps. 
Missionary Herald. Boston. 



e CATALOGUE, &c. 

M^Murtrie's Sketches of Louisville, 8vo. 1819. 

Morris^ Statistical Account of Litchfield county, Conn. 1815* 

Morse's Report on Indian Affairs, 8vo« pp. 400. New-Haven, 1822. 

Murray's Historical account of Discoveries and Travels in Asia, 3 vols. 8vo. 

Edinhui^h, 1820. 
Murray's Historical account of Discoveries and Travels in Africa, 2 vols. 8vo. 

Edinburgh, 1817. 
National Calendar for 1820, 1821, and 1822, 12mo. Washington City. 
National Gazette, Philadelphia. 
National Intelligencer, for 11 years, (1812 — 1823.) 
New-Hampshire Gazetteer, by E. & P. Merril, 8vo. 1817. 
New-Hampshire Collections, Historical, Miscellaneous, be. Concord. 
New-York Gazetteer, by H. G. Spafford, 8vo. 1813. 

New-York State, Topographical and Statistical Manual of, 2d edit. 8vo. 1822. 
Niles' Weekly Register, Baltimore, 23 vols, royal 8vo. 
North American Review, Boston. 
North Carolina, Price & Strother's map of, 3 sheets. 

NuttaPs Travel's in Arkansas Territory, 8vo. pp. 296. Philadelphia 1821. 
Ohio Gazetteer, by John Kilbouru, A. M. ]2mo. J 821. 

Pike's Expeditions to the sources of the Mississippi, Arkansas, &c. 8vo. 1810. 
Pitkin's Statistical View of the Commerce of the United States, 2d edition, 8vo. 

Hartford, 1817. 
Quarterly Review, London. 
Rees' Cyclopedia, American edition. 

Report of the Secretary of the Treasury on Roads and Canals, 1803. 
Schoolcraft's V^icw of the Lead Mines of Missouri, 8vo. 1819. 
Schoolcraft's Narrative of the Expedition to the sources of the Mississippi, 8vo. 

1821. 
Scoresby's Account of the Arctic Regions, 2 vols. 8vo. 
Seybert's Statistical Annals of the United States, 4to. Philadelphia, 1818. 
Shaw's description of Boston, 12mo. 1817. 

Silliman's Tour from Hartford to Quebec, 12mo. New-Haven, 1820. 
Silliman's American Journal of Science and Arts, *New. Haven. 
Smith's View of Upper Canada, 12mo. 1813. ^ 
Stoddard's Sketches of Louisiana, 8vo. 1812. 
Sturges' map of jGeorgia, 1818. 
Tanner's New American Atlas, 1822. Folio. 
Thomas's Travels in the Western country, 12mo. 1819. 
Van Zandt's description of Illinois and Missouri, 8vo. 1818. 
Webster's Description of the Azores islands, 8vo. pp. 244. 1821. Boston. 
Whipple's Geographical and Statistical View of Maine, 1816. 



EXPLANATION OP THE ABBREVIATIONS. 



an. 

A. Turkey. 

cap. 

C.H. 

CO. 

CoQO. or Ct. 

dep. 

Eog. . - 

Ea. Turkey. 

fr. 

Hind. 

isl. 

Ken. or Ky. 

m. 

La. - 

Mass. 

Md. - 

Mo. 

N. H. . 



ancient. 

Asiatic Turkey. 

capital. 

Court house. 

county. 

Connecticut. 

deps^rtment. 

England. 

European Turkey. 

from. 

Hindoostan. 

island. 

Kentucky. 

miles. 

Louisiana. 

Massachusetts* 

Maryland. 

Missouri. 

New-Hampshire. 



N. C. 


- North Carolina 


N.J. 


- New-Jersey. 


N. Y. 


- New- York. 


Pa. 


Pennsylvania. 


p-t. 


post town. 


Pop. 


post village, 
ropulation* 


r. - - 


river. 


R.I. 


Rhode-Island. 


S.C. 


South Carolina. 


Sq. m. 


- Square miles. 


Switz. - 


Switzerland. 


8-p. 


seaport. 


Ten. 


Tennessee. 


t. 


town. 


ter. 


territory. 


Va. 


Virginia. 


U. States. 


- United States. 


Vt. 


Vermont. 



Note.— In aU places in Uie Unitad States, when the papulation is expressed without date, it is un- 
'i<>ntood to be according to the census of 1820^ 



NEW UNIVERSAL GAZETTEER, 



OR 



GEOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. 



AAL 



Aa, r. Switzerland, runs into lake Lucerne ; 
Bnother of this name falU into the lake of Wald- 
fUdtea ; and another into the Aar, 3 m. S. W. of 

^a, r. France, rises near Rnmilly, dep. of the 
Pu de Calais, becomes navigable at St Omer, af- 
ter which it divides into three branches, and falls 
into the sca below Gravelines. 

Aa^ T. Netherlands, in Overyssel, falls into the 
lake of Giter,the issue of which is into the Zujder 
Zn, near Bloekz jl. 

Aa, t. Prussian Westphalia, in Munster, joins 
the Old Tisel 9bpve Hardenberg. 

^tf, r. Russia, in Courland, which is formed by 
the onion of the Muss and the Memel, and passing 
by Mittau, blls into the Gulf of Riga. 

^abenradi. See Apenrade. 

AaeK, r. Baden, rises near the sources of the 
Danube and hHi into the lake of Constance at 
Radol&elL 

Aadu, t Baden, 32 m. N. W. of Constance. 

Aachen, See Ais la ChapeUe. 

Aaekm. See Sioekaeh, 

Aahtna, or Ahut^ in the bishopric of Munster, 
% rich baiUwick, comprising four towns and twen- 
ty parishes, and yielding a revenue of above 
16i)00 florins, or 150(M. sterling. 

Aa/uttu, t. 32 m. N. W. of Monster. Pop. 1,600. 

Aaland. See Aland. 

Aalbm, one of the four bishopricks of N. Jot- 
Iftod. in the N. part of the peninsula. Pop. about 
90,fJ00. 

Aalhorg^ the capital of the above, is a large 
and poptdoQs town, and, after Copenhagen and 
Oa?ii9e«,th^ most opulent in D^^nmark. It car* 
He? en a good trade in com and excellent herrings. 
Toc^ harbor is deep and saie, though at one place 
rather difficult of entrance. 30 m. N. of Wiboiig. 

utsryN. Loo.trss'E, 

2 



A A R 

Aaltrij t. Wurtemberg, on the Kocher. Loil. 
W E. Lat. 48" 47' N. Pop. 2,099. 

AalH. See Alost. 

Aalien^ t. Netherlands, in Guelderland. Pop. 
3,520. 

Aamaraj a seaport of Barca, Africa, 60 m. S. £• 
of Tabarca. 

Aar, or Aren^ r. Switzerland, which rises in the 
canton of Bern, and falls into the Rhine near 
Coblentz. 

Aara^ t. Arabia, inHedsjas,25 m. S.W. Madian. 

Aaraban^ t. Asiatic Turkey, in Diarbekir, on 
the river Khabur, 18 m. S. £. of Ras-ain, 53 £• 
N. E. of Racca. Lat. 36" 21' N. Lon. 4Xf E, 

Aarau, See Arau, 

Aarberg^i, Switzerland, 9m. fr. Berne. 

Aarburg^ t. on the Aar, Switzerland, has a castle. 

Aardmburg, t Netherlands, 11 m. N. £. of Bro- 
ges. Pop. 1^76. 

Aaret^ t. Norway, 8 m. S. of Stavanger. 

Aargttu^ Argouf^ Argovia^ a Swiss canton. It 
has the cantons of Zug and Zurich on the E. the 
Rhine on the N. the cantons of Basil and Solothum 
on the W. with those of Berne, Lucerne, and part 
of Zug on the S. ExUnt, 650 sq. m. Pop. 132,763. 
Chief town, Arau. 

Aarkuuiy one of the four bishopricks of N. Jut- 
land, extending from the Categat to the bp. of Wi- 
borg. Pop. about 140,000. Sq. miles 2,547. 

Aarhutu^ capital of the above bp. lies on a 
pleasant level between the sea and an inland lake, 
connected by a canal dividing the town into two 
equal parts. It enjoys a good trade with Livonia, 
Sweden, Norway, Holland, England, France, and 
Srain. The chief article of export is com. 48 
m. S. of Aalborg. Lon. 10^ 13 E. Lat. 56" 10' N. 
Pop. 4,052. 

Aaroe, See ArrOe. 

Aaronsbtirg^ p-t Centre co. Pa. 15 m. E. Belle- 
font, 40 W. 1^ N. fr. Sunbvry. 



10 



ABB 



AamCt Jthmi^ or SL Aanm^ an isl. on the N . 
W. coast of France, on which 9t Malo is built. 

Aarwtngen^y. Swite. canton of Berne, 12 m. E. 
of Solothoni. 

jf orwetfer. See AhrwnUr. 

AoMif^ t. Trance, dep. of thb Aisne, with good 
iron works, 5 m. S. W. of ChAtean-Thierry. 

Aotico* See PntwWBty J^tw* 

Abaeooeht. See Coom. 

Abaca, a poiiit of land on the S. ocfast of St. Do- 
mmfo. Lott.Sr44'W. LatarsaTN. 

Abaetau^ r.S. America, Whkh joint the Orinooo 
near the frU of Atores. 

Abadan, t* of the pechalic of Bajjdad, near the 
Persian Gulf. 40 m. S. E. of Bassora. 

Abode, T. Egypt, on the Nile. Qnthe same site 
was built, in a superior taste, the ancient Greek 
city of Abydos. 80 m. S. Cairo. 

Abadek, a walled t. Persia, proT. Fars. Lat. 
31- WN. Pop. 6^000. 

Abahaner, a cotintij of Ghinese Tartary, in- 
habited by the Mongul Tartan, near the wall of 
China. 

Abmtt, r. Brasil, pror. of Minas Geraes, runs 
E. and fitlls into the Rio Francisco. The lazg«|St 
diamond erer produced in Braiil, was found in 
this river. 

^6afcan, r. Asia, which joins the Enesei, 16 m. 
S.of Abakansk. 

AbokanA, t. Russia, on the Abakan, pror. of 
Kolhyirane. 340 m. £. of Kolhyvane. Lat. 54'' 
0rN.Lon.9lM4'E. Pop. l^^SO. 

Abamo, t. Austrian Italy, in Padua^ noted Ibr its 
hot sulphurous baths. Pod. 3/)00. 

Abtua, Abtueia, or Abpuu Ortat and LiUU, a 
country of Asia, bounded N. by Circassia, S. by 
Mingrelia, and S. W. by the Black sea. The in- 
hebitantB are a bold, rebellions, and independent 
people, subsisting chiefly b^ hunting and plunder. 
Soooe of the tribes have chiefs of their own ; oth- 
ers consider themselves under the protection of 
Russia; and several acknowledge no authority. 
P^. about 160^ 

Aba-l^mr, di^ict, Hungary, above the Theiss. 
It is rich in mCTHs, precious stones, wood, and 
wine like Tokay. Pop. 120/)00. 

Abaici, the name given by the Abyssinians to 
. the great river whica pames through their coun- 
try, and which they consider, erroneously, as 
forming the principal head of the Nile. The 
name signifies in their language, ^ The Father of 
Waters.* 

Abba del Kuria, isl. in the Indian ocean, 50 m. 
W. S. W. of the isl. of Socotra. 

Abb^fi&rl, seaport, Norway, 48 m. S. W. Chri»- 
tiania. 

AbbenUe,i> France, dep. of Somme ; celebrated 
Ibr the manufacture of fine cloth. 9 leagues N. 
W.of Amiens, 22 S. of Cahus, and 40 N. W. of 
Paris. Pop. 18,000. 

AbhmUe, district, S. C. on Savannah r. Chief 
t Abbeville. Pop. 83,167, slaves, 9,6 15; engaged 
in agriculture, 7,343, in commerce, 57, in manu- 
(acture8,229. 

AbberilU, p-t Abbeville district, S. C. 118 m. 
W. Columbia. It has a magaaine, arsenal, and 
goal. 

Abbo(.i, p-v. Muskingham co. Ohio. 

^bboisbury, t England, 8 m. W. S. W. of Dor- 
Chester. 

AbbottkalU V. Scotland, Fife shire, on N. shore 
of the frith of Fordi. Abundance of coal is found 
here, rising to the surface of theground. Pop. 2,879* 



ABE 

Abboi$»Z^miglqf, v. England, Hertford oo. 20 m. 
from London. Pop. 1,300. 

AbbobiouffL SeeBerwtek 

Abbntek, isL Rusna, near the isL of Oesel. 

Abeoude, t Netherlands, 5. m. S. Amsterdam. 

Abda, a prov. on the W. coast of Morocco, is« 
mous for its breed of horses. Pop. 500,000. 

Abdulgunge^ t. Hindostan, prpv. of Oude, 16 m. 
N. Cha^pore. 

Abearety t. Arabia, prov. Hedsjas,80m. N.of 



AbeikfT, Tartary, branch of the Jihon. 

Abd^ a castle and hamlet, Palestine, on a fine 
eminence, 8 m. from Acre. 

AbeUoj t Spain, in Catalonia, 30 m. N. of Ba- 
lag^uer. 

Abenbergf t. Bavaria, 22 m. N. of Eiohitsdt 
Pop. 1,000. 

Abenoja^ t Spain, SO m. 8. W. of Ciudad Real. 

Abennde. See Apenrade. 

Abembergf a district and t. in Bavaria, on the 
riverAbens,20m.E.ofIngo]sCadt. Lon.ir5r£. 
Lat 4^46' N. Pop. 1,054. 

AbermT. Wales, Caeniarvon shire, on the ics 
coast Pop. 534. 6 m.from Bangor. 

Aberanfon, t. Wales, at the mouth of the Avon, 

Abarbr9tlmkf or Arbnaih^ seaport, Seotlaiid« 
Angus CO. Pop. 8,150. 58 m. N. E. Edinburgh. 
12 3. W. Montrose. 

Abereonwajf^ or ContMiy, seaport, Wales, 18 m. 
fr. Denbigh, 23 fr. Caernarvon. Pop. 1/153. 

Aberem^ v. Scotland, 12 m. W. of Edinburgh. 

Abereomj t Georna, oo Savannah river, 18 m. 
N. W. Savannah,5 fr. Ebeneter. 

Aberer9tnbief t Effingham oo. Lower Canada, 
36 m. N. W. MontrMd. 

Aberdeen^ city, Scotland, in Aberdeen shire, on 
the Don, a mile from the sea. It is called OU 
Aberdeen, in contradistinction to the town of th«t 
name about a mile distant, from which it is quite 
separate, both in civil and eoclesiastical constitu- 
tion. An university, called King's Colle^, was 
founded in 1506. It has professorships of divinity. 
civil law, medicine, humanity, Greek, moral phi* 
losophy, natural philosoph;jr, mathematics, and 
Oriental languages. Belonging to the univenitj 
are a very considerable number <rf bursaries or en- 
dowments for the support of students ; the total 
number of whom in 1816—1817, was 187. The 
library contains 12,935 volumes of printed works, 
and several curious manuscripts, tap, 1,91 1 . 

Aberdeen^ seaport, Scotland, Aberdeen eo. and 
the principal city of Scotland N. of the river 
Forth. Afine bridge, ofa single arch, of 132 feet 
span, of granite, was erected recently in Union- 
street, at an expense of 10,000/. There are twen- 
ty one places for divine worship in this city, for 
different denominations of Christians. An uni\'e^ 
sity, called Marischal College, was founded heiv 
in the year 1593. The buildings, which occupr 
a considerable area towards the north-east part of 
the city, have been erected at different periods, 
and are very irregular. An observatory has been 
constructed over a portion of them lately, elevated 
about sixty feet above the court below, and com- 
manding a spacious view. This institution hw * 
good library, containing about 10.000 volumes.;- 
The two universities. King's College and Maris- 
chal College, are quite distinct and independent 
of each other, and some attempts for their unic^ 
under one system have proved abortive. Maris- 
chal College was attended by 220 studenU during 
the winter session 1816—1817, besides 105 ato- 



AB I 

i«diof dlviailj, •Hemrtriy ■tt/Bniing each uni- 
Vvimtj. Trade aad manuitctures are actiyelj 
^Montedtoa bugeaztent Tha latter chiefly 
eaaiit of woollen, lineii, and ootton, in all their 
ifennt alasaa. Hie principal ezporta are grain, 
Ml« thread, lioaiery, oottco, and linen gpoods, and 
aoC leae than 7^000 toni of mnite yearly, for 
MvivtheattoeUofLflQdan. Pop. 3^639. 106 
a. N. of Edidknn^ Lon. 2" S' W. Lat. ST 
f If. 

JIherdten, oo. Scotland, bounded N. and E. by 
the Geraaii ooean, on the S. by Perth, For&r, and 
IfMnidiiw. Pop. 13S,075. 

AbeHeen^ t. Brown co. Ohio, on the Ohio, 9 m. 
S£.ar Ripley, 17 8.W. from West^Union. Pop. 87. 

^b cj de u r , t. Scotland, Aberdeen shire, 8 m.fron 



ABO 



U 



jffcrdbvr, r. Scotland, Fife diire, 10 m. N. W. of 
CiUvifiu Pop. 1,800. 

<tftcFffMifi T. Scotland, on the Tay, 76 m. N. W. 
BiUwgfa. 

■< i ci/ a irf , t. Ei^iland, 8 m. fr . Leeds. 

Akaftn^ t. Bu«ia,go¥. of Wiboi]g,30m. W.of 



\, Mof&gU^ T. Scotland, Perth diire, 9 m. £. Kip- 

Jlc^hBP, t. in the id. of Angleiea, SO m. £. S. £. 
ifHolyhead. P<^. ],0&4. 

Ahtw^tmtm^ t. England, Monmouth co. 17 m. 
fr. MoDBMnith. Pop. 3,a]5. 



A bm%9 ie ft a teaport in N. Wales, Denbigh co. 
12 m. fr. AlMvoanway. Pop. 1,044. 

AkerUjft T. Scotland, Hadduogton shire, on the 
a. tere of tte Forth, 16 m. from Edinbuigh. 



Scotlaml, Angos shire, has two 
obeliaki,€orered with mde sculptures. 4 
a.8.«fBi«d»iii. 

t. Seothmd, Perth shire. Here is a 
r,74 feet h^ and 16 in diameter; 
«f64 regular couraea of hewn stone. 7 
B.fiomPertli. Pop. 1^)86. 

JBbenu^ v. Scotland, Elgin shire, 30 m. S. £. 
if Inrcsneas. Pop. 1,709. 

Jitftaww, t. of Bohemia, circle of Elnbogen. 
Yop.900. 

wttenpMifty seaport, S. Wales, Cardigan shire, 
Sm. NTdf Caidigan. Pop. 2,264. LaL sr IV N. 

LBB.4-sorw. 

Aecrtss. See AfvttuAm 

•tter,a name given to the region along the W. 
esest of the Bed tea, between Abyssinia and £- 
Upt. it eooaistscbiefiy of mountains and deserts, 
aad baa been reiy little explored. Between LaL 
l7*aadS«>N. • 

dtt»-^Ara&, r. Penia, runnii^ into the Caspian 
J6a,30m. N. K. W. of Adior. 

4^ r. in ttie N. part of the isL of Borneo, with 
14 fret waier on a bar at the mouth in spring tide, 
sfpesilato the isle cf Usookan. 

Mtd^ Bmkr d, r. Africa, is considered as tiie 
iNadeflbsKile. It rises in tbo mountains of the 
Hsm, sevec^ hundred miles S. of Darfoor. 

jttM; L on the coast of Abes, on a high mouB- 
teia, aad rewailEaUe ibr its trade in ebony and ar- 
mMtidcplantsi. 

AlritkSmm^ t Auetriaa Italy, dutcfay of Milan, 
•tim liandio canal, 12 m.&W. of Milan. Pop. 

^M», t Svediii, pKw. ^ fiaUaid, 90111. N« of 



i.Engiaod,ftKtalute,oiithiB Himmm. 



Poi)w4,801. 6m.aofOx£Ma,aiid^W.N, W, 
of London. 

Abinedonyi. Hai«Kd oo. Md. SO m. N.E. Bal« 
timore. Pop. 300. 

Abingdon^ p-t and cap. Washington co. Va, 
near the S. W. corner of the state, 860 m* from 
Richmond. A cave, arched with a masiy vxk* 
penetrates 3Q0 feet into the hill on which the town 
stands. It has several apartments, and a broolc 
runnii^ through it. 

w^^tngfoR, p-t Plymouth oa. Mass, lOm. a S. 
Boston. Pop. 1,83a 

Abmgtm^ p-t Luseme co. P». 146 ». N. S. 
Harrisburgh, 15 N. £. Wflkesbarre. Pop. 1/>12. 

.^Mnglemt Montgomery 00. Pfu \t m. N. Phil- 
adelphia. Popu 14456. 

AbmgUn Soeie^ p>r. Windham co. Ct 

Abipinefy warlike Indians who inhabit between 
28" and 30» S. lat. on the banks of the nver Plat*. 
Number about 5,00a During the &V0 wiiyter 
months the country which they ixdiahit is inunda- 
ted, when they retire to live in the islaods or on 
the tops of trees. «• 

.^6tiM,proT. of Peru,£. of the Ante, anda of 
Cuzoo. It is little known, consisting entirely of 
woods, riven, and UUteu being the reluge ef m»- 
ny barbarous nations of l«y^'^yit| who have been 
driven out of the more frequented parts of the 
country. 

Abiieaun^ L Persia, in Khorassan, on the river 
of the same name, 10 m. W. of Asserabad, and 40 
W. of Jorjan. Lat 3T ICN. Lon. 64*6' E. 

j^biteoun^ r. Persia. It fells into the Caspian 20 
m. W. Abiscoun. 

./96ufnet, Quartet ilet, that part of the island of 
Guadeloupe which looks to tlss north-east 

Abii9f or AbiitOy r. Sicfly, which fells into the 
sea between Syracuse and Cape Fkssaro. 

AbUMit a small lake. Upper Canada ; also the 
name of a river which runnmg N. joins Moose riv- 
er near its mouth at James bay. 

Abiiigat^ a numerous and warlike natioB of 
barbarous Indians, in the povinoe and jurisdiction 
of Turma in Peru, who Uve a wandariug life in 
the woods. 

Abiverd, or Baverd^ t Persia, in IQuNnamMi 360 
m.S.&W.ofSamarcand. Lat38<'16'N. Lon. 
76* E. 

Abkwrtfh r. Persia, runni^ginto the Band Emir» 
14m.S.£. ofBaica. 

Ablaeh^ r. Germany, which fells into the Daa- 
ube, near Scheer, in Wirtembeif . 

./46totlKl,t Russian Tartary. Heiearathera- 
mains of a great temple, said to have been ereded 
before the year 1671, by Ablaa, a Kalmwdc chiefs 
to the gods of his nation ; the whole surrounded 
by a wall of 16 feet hiriL Thoash now in a state 
of rapid decay, some MSS. regaining the Mongols 
and Tanguts, were here preserved, during last cien- 
tnry. 540 m. S. £. of Tobolsk, lafuWl4tE. 
Lat4»»aO'N. 

AbOf the capital of Finland, lias at the extremity 
of the promontory §oni^ by the gulfe of Bothnia 
and Finland, on Uie river Aura jooki, v/bkh rune 
throng^ the town, k has a mmmodioas harbor, 
and drives a considerable trade with other towns 
in Fiidand, in oom, cattle, fish, wood, iron, tar, 
and doth. Its foram oommerce extends to Eog- 
lanO, Holland, anC in a small degree, to the 
Meditetraaaan. Here are manufectories of olot^ 
ailkfCelton, ropes, and peper, along with asugar 
nfiasrys there an Ukawue tiro dook-yvds, and 



12 



ABR 



one oftlw belt glu8 houses in the Ruisitn domin* 
ions. Pop. in 1791, 11,500. Gustavus Adolphus 
fbimded here an aoB^demy in 1028, which, in 1640, 
was raised to the rank of a nniyersitj. A nomber 
of Finnish and Russian youths here qnalify them- 
selves for the bar or pulpit Lon. 9T T E. Lat. 
W28'N. 

Abomiy^ capital of the Idngdom of Dahomey, 
which lies a little inland from the Slave Coast of 
Africa, and is noted for the ferocious despotism of 
its goTemment. The roof of the king^s bouse is 
aaid to be adorned with human skulls, and piles of 
heads, erected on each side of the gates. Pop. 
S4,00a Lon.O'55'E. Lat.r»60rN. 

Abofo^ t. and district, on the €rold Coa»t of 
Guinea, on the river Ancobra, immediately be- 
hind Axim. 

Aboro^ a market t. in the kingdom of Acra, on 
the Gold Coast of Africa. 

Aborromj a seaport, Brazil, prov. ofSeara. 

Aboueaii, mt of Arabia, 3 miles from Mecca, 
where, aooording to a tradition among the Ma- 
hometans, Adam was buried. 

AbouUlona, or AbdUonit^ lake, Asiatic Turkey, 
in Natolia, at the foot of Mount Olympus. A riv- 
er called Lupat issues from the west end of the 
lake, which is navigable by boats to the sea of 
Marmora. 8 m. firom Bursa. 

Aboukvr^ t. of Egypt, with a castle, 10 m. N. E. 
of Alexandria. This was the point chosen by Sir 
Ralph Abereromby to effect his landing in 1801. 

Aboukir Bay^ formed on the W. side by the 
point of land on which the town is situated, and 
on the east by that which lies at the mouth of the 
Rosetta branch of the Nile. In this bay was 
fought by Lord Nelson, in 1801, the famous battle 
of the Nile, in which thirteen French sail of the 
line were taken or destroyed. The country around 
is barren. 

AbmUige, or Abuiige^ t. of Upper Egypt in the 
Thebais, on the W. bank of the Nile, a little 8. of 
Siout. The best of opium is made out of the 
abundance of poppies which grow here. 170 m. 
8. of Cairo. Lat. afi^" 50" N. 

AbranUiy fortified town on the 'Tagus, in Portu- 
guese Estremadnra, 45 m. E. Lisbon* 

w46rdko2Aof , Abnlko$^ or Abreogot, Pcini of, on 
the coast of Bradl, in Lon. 30" 51' 30" W. Lat 
18" 10^30*8. Near this point are some bidden 
rocks or sand banks, on which numbers of vessels 
have sulbred shipwreck. These sand banks are 
more than 20 leagues from the continent, and, cal- 
culated from their centre, lie in Lon. 39^ 18' W. 
Lat 17*51' 20" 8. 

Abria^ or Auriat^ t France, dep. of the Upper 
Alps, 16 leagues E. S. E. of Gap. Pop. 1,386. 

Abrmat, or Baxoi de Ba6iiM(,a bank £.of Turks- 
Island, W. I. Lon. 70" 40r W. Lat. sr 5' N. 

Abron, r. France, which runs into the Loire, 
between Avril and Lamotte. 

Abrug'Ban^ or AbrobaniOy t. Transylvania, on 
the Ompa, 21 m. from Alba Julia. It is the prin- 
cipal of what are called the metal town*. Lon. 
triaE. Lat46»28'N. 

AbntMMO^ one of the four great provinces of the 
kingdom of Naples, bounded E. by the Adriatic, 
N. and W. l^the states of the Chuitsh, and S. t^ 
the provinces of Terra di Lavoro, and Canitana- 
ta. It is divided into 3 provinces : Abruzso Ultra I. 
Pop. 167,000. Chief town Teramo ; Abruzzo Ul- 
tra II. Pop.233XN)0. Chief town Aquila ; and 
Abruzzo Citra. Pop. 232^000. Chief town, 
Chieti. 



AB Y 

Abs, t France, dep. of the Ardeche, 8 m. N. W. 
ofViviers. 

Abteeombcj p-v. Gloucester co. N. J. 

Ab^ioron^ peninsula of Persia, projecting into 
the Caspian sea. It forms the district of Baku and 
is part of the Persian territory annexed to Russia. 
It IS an inexhaustible source of the Naptha. Here 
a few Guebres have established themselves, to- 
gether with temples, near to what is esteemed per- 
petual fire, the object of their adoration. Lat. 
40" WN. 

AbaMten. See AbtteUen and Anutoiien. 

Abienau, t Austria, in Saltzbufg, 20 m. S. 3. 
£. Saltzburg. 

Abiegemund^ v. in Wirtembei^, on the Kocher, 
6 m. S. W. of Ellwan^. 

AbU'Arueh^ a territory of Arabia^ near the 
Red Sea, extending from 15* 90^ to IT 40^ N. lat 
Its principal towns are Abu-Ariseh, Gesan a sea- 
port, Harradi, and Sabea. Salt is obtained from 
the hills in the vicinity, and exported. 

Abu^Arueh^ city Arabia, in Yemen, 80 m. E. 
Loheia. Lon. 42** 30* E. Lat. 16*45' N. 

Abuan^ t on the N. W. coast of the isl. of Min> 
danao. Lon. 125* 24' E. Lat 8" 40^ N. 

Abneees, S, Joseph ife ^, a settlement of Indians 
in S. America, on a branch of the Putmnayo. Lon. 
76*22'W. Lata'36'N. 

AbU'Dahea, a rocky islet in the Red sea, near 
the coast of Arabia. Lat 25* 19* N. 

Abti-MtaUej isl. in the Red sea, near the coast 
of Arabia. Lat25*19'N. 

AbnrrOj S, BartoUme tfe, t of New Granada. 
Lon. 75* 17' W. Lat. 5* 51' 30" N. 

Abury, v. Eng. Wiltshire, celebrated for a stu- 
pendous assemblage of stones, of great antiquity, 
artificially arranged. 6 m. fr. Marlborough, 81 
fi*. London. 

Abutehurna, isl. near the E. shore of the Red 
sea. Latie»54'N. 

Abtuchtuehaj isl. in the Red sea. Lat 27* 20^ N. 

Abusir^ or Btuir, t Egypt, on the Nile, 40 m. 
8. Damietta. 

Abutir^ two fortified eminences, 190 m. W. of 
Alexandria, in Egypt 

Abutehoy r. SioNsria, runs into the Tana. Lon. 
132" 44' E. Lat66*30'N. 

AbuHge, See Aboutiee. 

Abyy t Sweden, in Vf, Bothnia, 10 m. 8. Piiea. 

Abj^tinia, an extensive kingdom of Africa, 
bounded E. by the Red sea, N. by Sennaar, W. 
and 8. by Sennaar, Kordoian and vast and barba- 
rous regions ; about 770 m. long, and 550 broad. 
*rhe ranges of mountains, with which it is ev^y 
where intersected, preserve the air cod, and af- 
ford a supply of water sufficient to maintain fertili- 
ty. The declivities of the mountains afibid the 
most agreeable situations, upon which most of 
the towns and villages are built In consequence 
of this physical structure, Abyssinia is exceedingly 
fertile, and is exempted in a great measure from 
that sand which dooms so lar^ a portion of Afri- 
ca to sterility. Wheat is raised in considerable 
quantity ; teff grows on every soil, and afibrds the 
bread which is in universal use. One of the most 
important natural curiosities of Abyssinia, is the 
great plain of salt, between Amphila and Massu- 
ah. It covers a flat plain, about four days jour- 
ney across. It is perfectly pure and hard for about 
two feet deep. It is cut with an adze into pieces, 
which not only serve as seasoning to food, but even 
circulate as money in Abyssinia. The digf^inff of 
the salt is attenied with considerable 



A C A 

fnnB te Ticmity of the GaUa, who fivquently 
attack those employed, as well as the caravans, 
which convey the salt to Antalo. — ^The govern- 
joent is a despotism ; the power of the sovereini 
ha^no limit ; there is no assembly of the people, 
DoranyimbleBto coatroul its exercise. But this 
absolute power is set at open defiance, not only by 
a Dumber of savage tribes established in the heart 
of his dominions, but by the governor of the small* 
at province, by every one in short who can col- 
lect around him a body of armed men. Civil war 
rages thus almott without intermission. This 
perpetual state of civil war and confusion seems to 
be the main cause of that peculiar barbarism and 
brutality, by which the manners of Abyssinia are 
characterised. Dead bodies lie in the streets, 
wittioat being allowed the rites of sepvdture, but 
are left to be devoured by the dogs and hyasnas. 
They eat raw flesh, and when on a journey, are in 
the habit of cutting steaks from a living animal, 
then closing up the wound and driving him on. 
filaiTnige in Abyssinia isa very slight connection, 
formed and dissolved at pleasure. Although the 
Abynnians profess Christianity, their religion 
still retains a large share of Judaical observances. 
They abstain from the meats pn^bited by the 
JUosaic law ; practise cireumcision, and keep both 
the Saturday and Sunday as Sabbaths. The Cop- 
tic patriarch of Cairo continues still to be the 
nominal head oftiiechnrdi, from whofai the Abu- 
na, the resident head, receives his investiture. 
Their veneration for the Virgin is unboundH. 
Then- saints are very numerous, and surpass in 
miraculous power even those of tlw Romish calen- ^ 
dar. The foreien commerce of Abyssinia is car- ' 
riedonentupelyby way of Massuah, whence the 
ccaununication with the interior is maintained by 
the channel of Adowa. The imports are chiefly 
lead, block tin, rold foil, Persian carpets, raw silks 
from China, vdvets, French broaddoths, coloured 
skini from Egypt, glass beads and decanters from 
Veaioe. The exports consist of gold, ivory, and 
slaves. The population is variously estimated 
from 3 to 3,000,000. 

Abw&l, r. Persia, flows into the Persian gulf. 

AdAit Au^hmi^ a seaport ofBarca in Africa, 00 
m.S.E.ofTabarca. 

AeadiBj the name by which Nova Scotia was 
called wtien it beloBged to the French. See AiK 
TuScoHtL 

AeotUa, GO. Louisiana. Pop. 6,174. Chief t. 
Godberrys, between lake Maurepas and the Mis- 
sissippi. 

Aeaemry^ t, Hindostan, in Goloooda; 36 m. N. 
W.A&oL 

Aeama^ or Copt Su Eptphanif^ a promontory of 
the island of Cyprus. 

Aeamiu r> in the province of Darien, which ftdls 
into the sea between Cape Tiburon and the bay of 
Caledonia. 

AttanUto^ or Lot Reges^ t. Mexico, on the coast 
ofthe Pacific ocean. Its port is one of the finest 
in the world, and capable of containing any num- 
ber of vessels in perfect safety. The principal 
trade of Acapuloo is with Manilla, one of the 
Philippine islands, to which it has for a long pe- 
riod sent out annually a laige vessel, called a gal- 
leon. The lading from Acapulco to Manilla gen- 
cndly consists of silver, a very small quanti^ bf 
cochineal frvm Oxaca, of cocoa from Guayaquil 
aadCarraooas, wine, oiUand Spanish wool. The 
value of the precious metals, exported in a single 
vessel, ineliiaing what is not registered, amoimti 



ACE 



13 



in general to about 900/XXM. or SSO/XMV. The 
galleon generally sails from Manilla in the middle 
of July, or beginning of August, when the south- 
west monsoon is already completely established. 
Its cargo consists of muslins, printed calicoes, 
coarse cotton shirts, raw silks, china, silk stock- 
ings, articles of jewelry; spices, and aromatics. 
The voyage formerly lasted from five to six months, 
but now only three or four. As soon as the intel^ 
ligenoe arrives at Mexico, that the galleon has 
been seen ofi'the coast, the roads are covered with 
travellers, and every merchant hastens to treat 
with the supercargoes who arrive firom Manilla. 
Acapulco, owing to its position, is extremely un- 
healthy ; and the unfortunate inhabitants, besides 
being tormented with earthquakes and hurricanes, 
breathe a burning air, full of insects, and vitiated 
by putrid emanations. Bilious fevers, and the 
^u>iera morbus^ are very frequent, and the Mexi- 
cans, who descend from the table land to purchase 
goods, on the arrival of the gallepn, are frequently 
the victims of those diseases. Pop. 4^000, mostly 
people of color. At the time oi the arrival of the 
Manilla galleon, this number is increased to 9/)00. 

AeamgOy r. Paraguay, which enters the Uru- 
guay, near the city of Assumption. 

Atari, r. in Brazil, which enters the Amazon at 
its mouth. 

AearicM^ isl. in the Grecian Archipelago, 9 m. 
£. of Naxia. 

Aearigua, r. Venezuela, rises near the town of 
Araure, and running south, enters the La Portu- 
guesa,a branch of the Apore. 

Aearreito^ a port in S. America, province of Da- 
rien. Lon.77'24rW.Lat. y39'N. 

AeatabatUan^ r. in the province of Vera Paz, is 
Mexico, runs into the Golfo Dolce, 50 m. 8. of 
Vera Paz. 

Acatta^ r. in French Guiana, enters the sea be- 
tween the Ayapuco and Cape Oranee. 

Aeavueti, 1. 100 leagues S. £. of Mexico. Lon. 
94* 45^3or W. Lat. T SS* N. 

AeaxuUih ^ port on the Pacific ocean, in Guati- 
maU. Lon.99"3rW. Lat. M'^^'N. 

Aecaba<i mountains in Asia, between ^destine 
and Arabia Petnea, N. £. of the upper extremity 
of the Red sea. 

Aeeaba, or CakuU d Aecaboy fortress of Arabia 
Petnea, 150 m. £. S. £. of Suez. The harbour is 
of difficult access, dangerous, and full of rocks. 
Lon. 39* 45' £. Lat. 28" 45' N. 

Aeear. See Aidcer. 

Aceetura^ t. Naples, 19 m. S. S. £. Aoerenzai 

Actiies^ r. in Caraocas, 8. America, which en- 
ters the Oronoco. 

Aeeohreito^ t Italy, in the papal duchy of Spo» 
leto,7m.S.W. ofTodi. 

Aeetmae, oo, Va. on the£. shore of Chesapeake 
bay. Pop. 15^966 ; slaves, 4,480; engaged in 
agriculture, 3,979 ; in commerce, 170 ; in manu- 
fectures, 341. At the court-house is a post-office. 
Chief t. Drummondtown. 270 m. £. Richmond, 
214 S. £. Washington. 

Aetumulo^ t. Naples, in Abruzzo Ulterior, 17 m. 
N.W.ofAquilla. 

Aeeg^^i. Italy, in the dutchy of Milan. 
' Acere, t. Italy, in the dutchy of Milan, in Pavia. 

AeerenMO^t, 80 m. £. Naples. 

Aeemo^ or AeiemOy t. Naples, in Basilicata, 14 
m. £. N. £. of Salerno. Lon. 14'' 50^ E. Lat. 40^ 
45' N. Pop. 3,500. 

Atemh t Naples, 8 m. N. N. £. of Naples. 



iC Q 



14 



Maim S66 ^llCWa 

Atkort three naall riven in Bavaria. The first 
Mia into the Danabe near Dooaworth ; the ieo- 
ond a little above Ing^ldstadt ; the third falls in* 
to Uie Inn below Oettinfen. 

wMofM, r. France, which &lls into the Rhone. 

•dflftcm, a kiiifd<Nn occupying theN. W. extrem- 
ity of the island of Somatra, and reaching about 50 
allies inland. 

^esfteen, the capital of the above kingdom, is on 
a river about 2 m. frmn the sea. Itcootains 8/)00 
houses. Lon.05"46'£.Lat.S*'36'N. 

Atskem-huA, axape on the N. ooast of Sumalia, 
Lon.OS^'^or £. Lat. fi^'STN. 

Aehm-Achmte^ a lake in the Tyrol. 

Aouti* See taMMn. 

AchetonU floom, v. Scotland, Haddingtoodiire, 
on the S. shore of tho frith of Forth. 

AcMaefuM. See Angdoi, 

AdukamkOj r. New Grenada, in Quito, which 
enters the Amason. 

Acfttgan Riter, Lower Canada, which fidls into 
the Assumption, 12 m. from its mouth. 

w9<Aitf,isL CO the W. ooast of Ireland. Lat 63" 
38' N. 

AehUfy, hdce, Scotland, Ross-shire. 

AdUm^ in Hanover, a village on the. Weser. 
Pop. 984. 

Aehmim^ or Eekmimyt. Upper Egypt, on the left 
bank of the Nile, 900 m. 8. of Cairo. Lon. 3V 
55' £. Lat 26* 40^ N. Pop. 18,000. 

Adunmneuh v. Upper Egypt, ISO m. S. of Cairo. 
Pop. 5,000. 

Adwrttcwn^ p-v. Columbiana oo. Ohio. 

AekHa. See SewM«fl|pe2. 

AehHrka^ t Russia, m Slobodsk Ukraine, on a 
river of the sune name. Pop. 12,788. Lon.35'' 
40'E.Lat.50'*23'N. 

Aehhibe. SetAkiuba. 

Aeken^ town, castle, and bailiwick, on the Elbe, 
in the dutchy of Megdebuig, 9 m. from Zerbst 
Lon.l2*9'£.Lat5r53'N. Pop. 2,529. 

Aekau See Aix La CfumeUe, 

AduHttMt, Adoemmd. See AjOfen. 

AdcHfCi Keyiy two islands in W. Indies. Lon. 
74"30'W.Lat2f53'N. 

Atbmih^ t ESng;ianii, Yorifcshire, where there is 
a benevolent institution for the children of Qua^ 
kers. Pop. i;S2S. 

Atietttu, district of Switaerluid, in the country of 
theGrisons. 

Aeohare^ and AtoHn^ two rivers of France, 
which fall into the Loire, near Nevers. 

Aconatguoy province of Chili, bounded on the 
N,by Quiilota,£.by the Andes, 8. by Santiafo, 
and W. by Quillota. It produces grain, frmfes, 
Md copper in abundance. Pop.6g000. 

Aconcagua^ t. Chili, in Aconcagua province. 

AenteaguOj r.;S. America, which enters the Pa- 
cific in SSr S. lat 

Amriy r. province of Para, in BrszQ, which fiiUs 



Aetwp, or AebMi^ t Hind. 12 m. N. W. of At- 
tock, on the Indus. 

AtfmnMhft a tape on the coast of Naples, in the 
gulf of Venice. 

Aemiade Co9wrtj|* haiheor on the W. oenst of 
the ioand efSardinia. 

^teiiailea8FtM,t.Naples, in Calabria UHra, 15 
ML W« cTfiquillaoB. 

A^^ua^egra^tJlt^^ thedntehy of Maiitaa,2 
m. N.N.E.ofCaneto. 



A C W 

Aefua^egroy t Italy, m the dntohy of Milan, 3 
m,W, of Cremona. 

AeamLrtty t Naples, in the prineipato Citra, 13 
m. S. W. of Cangiano. 

w^MuoiBO, p-v. Prince Cveoige's oo. Md. 42 m. 
8. S. W. Annapolis, 38 S. £. Wariiingtan, en Pa- 
tnxent river. 

Aequo- VwOy t Italy, in the marquisate of An- 
cona, 10 m. N. E. of AscolL 

Acmd, or ^^910, t Italy, 17 m. S. 8. W. of Ales- 
8Ukdna,and44S.E.ofTurin. Pop. 8,680. 

Aenh or Megaritk Uantr^ t Arabia, in Nedsjed, 
60m.N.ofHaiar. 

Aeroy a kingdom on the Gold Coast of Africa, 
about26 miles in leng«h, and from 12 to 20 in 
breadth. It is the most healthy situation of any 
CO this coast, and carries on the most enteaiive 
trade, both with the Europeans and with the inte- 
rior. Both the Englishand Dutch have forts at 
Acra; here is also a Danish Ibrt Lon.0^iaW. 
Lat 5** 31 N. 

.^rfie,an ancient city of Palestine, a sea-port in 
the pachalic of Acre, which extends from the 
Mediterranean on the west to the river Jordan on 
the east Acre stands ona ba^,in a situation ren- 
dered unhealthy from the nei^ibouring marshes. 
Severe distempers are therefore prevalent during 
avery summer ; and in 1780, no less than 7000 
persons fell victims to the plague. The town is 
small, but very populous and well fortified. Some 
trade is carried on in the export of cotton, and the 
■|>ort of rioe ; but the harbour is bad, though 
better than most others on the coast Europeans, 
however, enjoy much liberty, and a great degree 
of respect, as well from the government as the peo- 
ple, who are a mixture of Turks, and Arabs. 
Population 18,000 or 20,000. This city has been 
celebrated from remote antiquity. During near- 
ly two centuries it became the principal ti&eatre 
of the crusades. In Mai^, 1799, this city was be- 
sieged, without snooess, by the French, under Bo- 
naparte. Since the si^ge, the fortifications have 
been considerably enlar^sd. Distant 8 nt N. N. 
W. of Jerusalem, 27 S. of Tyre. 

Acrty a pachalic of Syria, in^A. Turkey on the 
Mediterranean, inclosed by- the pacha lies of Da- 
mascus and Tripoli. It contains, indnding the 
country of the Druses, above 400/K)0 inhabitants, 
and supports a standing army «f 1,900 men. 

Atirit r. Naples runs into the gulf of Ta- 
rento. 

AcnngUm^ t England, Lancashire, 9 m. £. of 
Blackburn. Pop. 3,268. 

Aeron, a division of the Fantee territory, on the 
Gold Coast of Africa. The principal seaport is 
Apam«50m. E.N.E. of Cape Coast. 

AcropoH, See AgropoH. 

ActUy t Little Biutharia, 108 m. E. of Casl^r. 
Lon.75''15'E. Lat 43" N. 

Aetcn^ t. Eng. Cheshire, on the Grand Trunk 
Canal, 4 m. fr. Nantwich, 177 fr. London. 

Aeluh t in Richelieu and Buckingham coi. 
Lowvr Canada, E. of Montreal. 

Aeton^ t in Windham co. Vt 33m. S. Windsor. 
Pop. 243. 

.^cien, p4. Middlesex 00. Mass. 24 m. N. W. of 
Boston. Pap. 1^7. 

Aeid, s-p. of SL Dossiii^ 8 m. & S. W. of 
Cape FramsoBs; another, 18 m. 8. W. of Los 
Cayes. 

Acmfikj p^inCabaihire tt0.N.H. a6m.W. 
«r Concord. Pop. 1472. 



ADA 

gMM^t.TtaSM,450 m. N. W. of N.Orieuu. 

wldhnen, t. SnuD, m Amcon, on 111* V«ro» If 
mlTw.orBiabutro. 

Jdair^ t. Iraluid, 8 m. S. W. of Umeriok. 

,Mmir^ eo. Km, Chief t Cfritttinbia. Pop. in 
ia90,8,76&,alav«8 1,509; engaged ui ^egrieoltore 
t;2Z3,acoai]aerceS7, in maniifiutiireB 196* At 
tbeCM.isaiMMtoaoe. 

A4t^ r. in 8peia,nuis into the Douro at Ani» 
ano. 

A4ak^ one of the Alevtkn iihiadi. Lon. 184^ 
4'E. Lat.53*4BrN. 

AitiigmMy or AdiOgimts^ t. Kurdistan, on lake 
V«n,lSm.E.of AUat. 

AdamL, t. En. Turkey, inMoldayia, 10 m. N. N. 
W.oCQakls. 

wMeiMi, t Spam, in Andalnaia, 18 m. N. E. of 
Conlofa. 

■frfiyii, a territory on the GoM Coaetof Afnca, 
eztendnijg froB Acrato the Volta. 

Admu^Uhk Coob co. N.H. 64 ulN. of Concord. 
Pop. 3631 

Jfdmt, p-t Berkshire CO. Man. 29 m. N.Lenoi. 
Pop. 1,836. 

.440111, p4. JeOenoneo. N.T. &W.of Wa^- 
tcrtovB, 166 m. W. N. W. of Albany. Pop. 
2,467. 

Adamt^ L Lancatler oo. Pa. 90 m. N. E. Lan- 
caster. 

AdgmM^ p4. Danphine oo. Pa. 133 m. fr. Wash- 
ingtoQ city. 

Admm$9 eo. Pk bordering on Maryland. Chief 
t G ett/ i lwir g . Popy 194<0U engaged in agri- 
caltnre, 3,514, in conuneroe, 65, in manuftctures, 
1,596. 

Admm^ p-r. Hyde co. N. C. 153 m. a E. Ra^ 

Adamt^ co. Misnssippi, on Mississippi r. 
Chief Unms, Natches and Washington. Pop. 
9,899, daree, 1^199; engaged in agnculttire, 
4,000, in conmieroe 10 in manulactares, 22. 

jMbm, t. Washington oo. Ohio, on the Mosk- 
ingmn, 10 m. N. Marietta. Pop. 620 ; in 1620, 
324. 

Adaanf oou Ohio, on Ohio river, between Scioto 
and Biovra cos. Chief t. Westunion. Pop. in 
18S0, 10^406; engaged in agricaltore, 1,560, in 
commeree 15, in manofactares, 380. 

.4dflM,t.Darkesoo.Ohia Pop. 343. 

Aiwmi^ p-t St. Clair co. Illinois. 

Adamf» BiiAiBt^ a ledee of sand-bankB between 
the coasts of Ceykn and CoromandeL 

.^dSmVi'a^mt Ceylon island, 60m.N.£.of 
ColomboL 

Aitm^t Fetni, on the W. coast of N. America, 
S. of the rirer Cohimbia. Lat ASS" 15' N. 

Aiimumftf, p-Y. Marlboro' co. S. C. 

Adana^ a peehalio of Anatolia in A. Tur- 
key, on the Meditemnean, enclosed by Itschil 
andUie paehalins of Konieh,Merascfae and Aleppo. 

Admih t A. Turkey, on the rirer Adana, 10 or 
12 m. from the sea, 170 S. S. W. of Sivas, and 
150 S. £. of Koniefa, Lon. 35"* O' £. Lat 36* 

A^ma^ r. A. Turkey, flows into the Mediterrap 
iiean,Lon.35*irE. Lat86*48rN. 

Adanad, L Hind, in Malabar, 25 m. S. S. £. of 
Calicat. 

Adanajuct or A n dtumquet t Kurdistan, on 
the Deaal, whkh flows hito the Tigris, N. of Bag- 



AD t 15 

Adda, a Danish fort, on the GoM Coast of Af- 
irioai at the mouth of the Rio VoUa. 

Addoj r. in Italy, runs through the VaHeline in- 
to the lake of Como, and joins the Po, nearCre- 



Addaihnok, Point, on the W. coast of N.Amer- 
iea. Lon.23r8'E.Lat6r30rN. 

AddeHmry, t Eng.Ozfbrdshire, 3 ra. fr. Ban- 
bury. 

Addingham, t. Eng. Toricshire,6 m. fr. Skipton. 

dldtfu^ton. Cape, on the W. coast of the Prince 
of Wales' And^lago. Lon. 226° 23r E. Lat. 

AddiMon, t Washington cow Maine, l$m. W. of 
Machias. Pop. 619. 

Addison, co. V t. on Lake Chami^ain, and on 
Otter Creek. Chief t. Middlebnry Pop. 20^9$ 
engaged in agriculture, 5,1 15, inoommeroe72, in 
manufectures 1,098. 

Additon, p-t. Addison co. Vt on hoke Cham- 
plain, 69 m. a W. of Montpelier, and 10 W. Mid- 
tflebinry. Pop. l,10a 

Addtton^pi. Steuben co. N. T. 15 m. S.Bath. 
Pop. 652. 

./9dtfifen,t Somerset CO. Pa. W.aW.of Har- 
risbnrg. Pop. 755. 

w^dMson, t Galliaco. Ohio, ontheOhio, 4 m. N. 
Oallipolis. Pop. 636. 

AdibuU, t Switzeriand, in the canton of Lucerne, 
7 m. N. W. of Lucerne. 

Add, or Adaid^ a territory of Africa, immediate- 
ly S. £. of Abyssinia. It stretches from Zeila to 
the Straiti of Babelmandel, and is divided among 
a number of war-like tribes, who cury on abnost 
perpetual war with Abyssinia. Zeila is the chief 



AddAten, t in Calenberg, Hanover. Pop. 
1,131. 

AddfoTt, t Sweden, in Jonkoping. Lat 57* 
26- N. 

Addgiant. See Adalpiea. 

Addnumnsfdden, t Wirtemberg, in Jaxt Pop. 
1,032. 

Addnau, t Prussia, in Posen. Pop. 1,135, 

Addphi, four islands in the Grecian Archipelago 
inLon.24M'E. Lat 39^22' N. 

Addpki, p4. Ross co. Ohio, 16 m. N. E. Chilli- 
cothe. Pop. 132. 

Addsberg, t. Austria, in Inner Camiola, between 
Laybach and Fiume, capital of a circle of the 
same name, 12 m. E. N. E. of Trieste. 

Aden, a small state of Arabia, in Yemen, bound- 
ed & by the Indian ocean, W. and N. by the do- 
minions of the Imam of Yemen, and E. by the 
country of Jaia. 

Aden, s-p. cap. of the state of Aden, situated on 
the roc)^ peninsula in the S. W. extremity of Ara- 
bia, formerly the most opulent city of Araliia. 
The surrounding country is fertile, and could ex- 

Crt gold, ivory, cofiee, and gum. Loq. 45^ 10" £. 
It 12° 56' N. 

Adendotf, a lordship in the grand dutchy of the 
Lower Rhine, which belongs to Ritsiia ; 8 m. fr. 
Bonn. 

Adenore, t Hmd. in theCamatic, 5 m. a of 
Golconda. 

^derae^Mur, t Hind, in Tmvanoore, 35 m. N. E. 
of Porcah. 

Ademo, t. Sicily, in Val Demona, at tfaeibot 
of Mount Etna. 

Ji(erJtoeA,T«Boh«nia in the ehde of Konif- 



16 



ADO 



iagntz. In the neij^bonrfaood is a famom rock 
alx>ve 4 miles long, 1 broad and 160 feet high ; 
composed of many thousand parts, its sur&ce is 
sandstone, 24 feet thick, and a cataract pours down 
it of 60 feet perpendicular height 

Adiant, See Ajaeeio, 

Mieoni, a port ot Venezuela. 

AdigCj r. rises in the country of the Grisons, on 
the borders of Tyrol, and runs into the gulf of 
Venice near the mouths of the Po. It passes by 
Tyrol, Brixon, Trent, Verona, and Rovigo. 

Mijiara^ r. Great Bukharia, flows into the Har- 
ret, opposite Arhenz. 

Adjodiny or Pmii^piitttm, city Hind, in Moultan, 
on the river Setlege. Lon. 73" 30^ K. Lat 30^ 
21' N. 

AdirheiUan, See AMerbijan. 

Adlart r, in Bohemia, wtuch falls into the Elbe 
near Konigingratz. 

Adlerberg, SeeAHberg. 

AdUrsberg. SteAdeU&rg» 

Adhngtofit t £ng. Cheshire, 5 m. from Maccles- 
field. 

AdUngUm^ t Eng. Lancashire, 4 m. from Wigan. 

AdmirdUjfBmft on the N. coast of Taria Poen- 
amoo the most southern island of New Zealand, 
between Cape Stephens and Cape Jadcson. 

AdmraUy Itland^ isl. discovered by the Dutch, 
near Nova Zembla, in the Frozen Ocean. 

AdmraUy Idand^ laige isl. on the W. coast of 
North America, between King George the Third*s 
Archipelago and the continent, about 180 m. in 
circuit, ton. 225*» 10' to 226" 31' E. Lat sr 2 
to68'a4'N. 

AdmraUy Itkmds^ a number of small isls. at the 
entrance oi Admiralty bay, New-Zealand. Lon. 
186**2'W. Lat40»48'8. 

Admiralty hlaruU, a cluster of 20 or 30 islands 
in the South Pacific ocean, discovered by the 
Dutch in 1816. Lat l*" SS' 50" to 2^ 20^ S. The 
most western island lies in lon. 143^37' 38" £. 

Adnumtf t Austria, on the Ens, in Inner Austria, 
circle of Judenburg, 6 m. N. E. Rosenmann. Pop. 
75a 

AdmuncottOj t Hind. 6 m. S. of Darampoory. 

.^iOfisL Russia, in the gulf of Bothnia, near 
the coast of Finland. Lon. 20" 14' £. Lat 60* 
19' N. 

AdiMim^ PothI, on the N. coast of King George 
the Third's Archipelago. Lon 224'' 281' E* Lat 
68"18'N. 

Adomy OT TTietoUy t on the Danube, in Hungary, 
12 m. S. of Buda. 

Adom^ a small territory in the interior of the 
Gold Coast of Africa. 

Adoniy t and district. Hind, in Golconda, 188 m. 
N. of Seringapatam, 130 S. W. of Hydrabad. 

Adonis, See Eide, 

Adarfy t SaxonjT, on the Elster, near the 
frontiers of Bohemia, 12 m. from Egra. Pop, 
1,310. 

Adour, r. France, rises in the Pyrenees, and runs 
into the bay of Biscay, 3 m. below Bayonne. 

Adowat the capital of Ti^r^ in Abyssinia, and 
residence of the tovtmipi since the Galla gained 
possession of Gondar. It has an extensive manu- 
facture oi cotton cloths, and is the channel of com- 
munication between the coast and the interior. 
Cattle, com, and salt, constitute their chief arti- 
cles of barter. About a thousand slaves pass 
through Adowa, to be shipped at Massuah and oth- 
er ports on the Red sea. Loo. 39° 5' £. Lat 14' 
12nMy'N. Pop.8/)00. 



A F F 

Adruy t Spain, on the Mediterranean, 45 m. S.E. 
of Granada. Lon.S^lO'E. Lat36M'N. 

AdrOy r. Spain, in Granada, falls into the Medi- 
terranean near the town of Adra. 

AdrUf r. Turkey, in Europe, which joins the 
Marizza at Adrianople. 

Adroy t Syria, 15 m. N. E. of Damascus. 

Adragnoj t Sicily, in the Val di Mazzara, 20 m. 
E.N. E.ofMazzara. 

Adramiti, now Ydramii<,L in Natolia, on the £. 
coast of the |;ulf of Adramiti. 

Adria^ t m Austrian Italy, on a peninsula form- 
ed by the river Tartaro and an arm of the Po, 15 
m. E. of Rovigo. Lon. 12^ 2* E. Lat. 45° 2' N. 
Pop. 7,200. 

Adriampatam^ t Hind. 37 m. S. E. of Tai^jore. 

AdrianopU^t (called by the Turks Adranah^) on 
the Marizza, in £u. Turkey, 130 m. N. W. of Con- 
stantinople. The Marizza, which is navigable to 
its embouchure in the Archipelago, promotes ma- 
terially both foreign and inland trade. The prin- 
cipal merchants are Greeks, Jews, and Armenians, 
but the town is also inhabited by Wallachians, 
Turks, and other oriental tribes. An important 
branch of commerce is the wine and fruit raised in 
the adjacent country. It still continues a favour- 
ite place of retreat with the sultans. Pop. 10O/)0O. 
Lon. 23" 20^ E. Lat 44M0' N. 

AdrianopoH, See Argyro Castro, 

Adriatic Sea, or Gulf of Fenice, a part of the 
Mediterranean which extends from S. £. to N. W. 
between Itoly and lUyria, from lat 40^ to 46" 55' 
N. The ebb and flow of the tide, which is not ob- 
servable in other parts of the Mediterranean, takes 
place daily in the shores of the Adriatic, though in 
a much less dcsree than in the ocean. 

Adriekoa, See Andriehoa, 

Adihibeyt a new fortress of Russia, on the coast 
of the district of Oczakow. 

Adshider, a fortress of Russia in the government 
of Cherson, on the Dniester. 

Adnary t Arabia, on the S. side of the Persian 
guU: Lon. 48** 20^ E. Lat 26" 8' N. 

Adveniure Bay, a spacious bay on the east coast 
of Bruny's Isle, off Van Diemen's Land. Lon. 1 47" 
SO' E, Lat 43" 20' S. See Bruno's laU. 

Adventure hlandy in the S. Pacific ocean. Lon. 
144" 30' W. Lat 17" 5' S. 

Adsaneta^ t Spain, in Valencia, 25 m. S. W. of 
Pensicola. 

Adzel, t Russia, gov. of Riga, 20 m. S. W. of 
Dorpat 

Adaerbattig^ v. Denmark, in duchy of Sleswick. 

Adtiitd, or Altchud, t Eu. Turkey, in Molda- 
via, 9 m. W. S. W of Birlat 

Adzuly t Eu. Turkey, in Wallachia, 5 m. £. oi 
Jalonitza, and 6 N. W. of Kirsova. 

AEgades Islands, (the Insula ^gusa of the Ro- 
mans; in the Mediterranean, W. of Sicily. 

Aegelstawiek, s-p. Sweden, near Stockholm. 

Aeron, r. Wales, runs into Cardigan Bay. 

Aersehott, or Arsehot^ t Netherlands, 7 m. N. 
E. of Lou vain, 20 S. E. of Antwerp. 

AerskaiOy t. Siberia, on the Irtisch, 60 m. N. W. 
ofTara. 

AfdiMf Afdimuj Aitimo, or AudimOf v. of Cy- 
prus, 16 m. W. of Baffa. 

AffarH, t Eu. Turkey, on the Marizza, 45 m. 
S. eT of Philipopoli. 

AMeck^s Canalj inlet in the N. Pacific ocean. 
LonT226" l& E. Lat 66" T N. 

Alffhoo, a caravan station between Fezsan and 
Tombuctoo, 120 m. N. £. of Tombuctoo. 



A 6 A 

.f/|ftfliiii«at, a ooaodenble kingdom, between 
Persia and Hindosten, bounded £. by the Indus, 
N. bj a range of lofty mountains, separating it 
from Bulkfa and Buduldishan, W. by Per9ia,4ierat 
beiag iU fitmtier town, and S. by Baloochistan. It 
lies between !2r and Se** N. lat and 6r and 71^ £. 
Ion. comprehending the ancient kingdoms of Zabu- 
lisluk, (Ghizne and Kandahar) uod Kabuliatan. 
The inhabitants of this country are in general iMa- 
hometans of the Soony sect They are a generous, 
boftpttable, and brare people, but illiterate, fero- 
eioiu, and seditions. Their army is principally 
cofflposed of well mounted cavalry ; they have ul- 
M> some artiDery, and a few corps of infantry, 
armed with swords and matchlocks. Many of the 
diatricts are stfll inhabited by die aboriginal Hin> 
doos. The towns are mostly inhabited by Hin- 
doos of the Punjab, or Mahometans of Persian or 
Mogal descent ; but in Kabul there are persons 
from all parts of the East. The population is sup- 
posed not to exceed 3,000^000. The govemnient 
is despotic ; but the Afghans being divided into 
dafis, the Authority of the sovereign is not often 
ezetcised oTer than. KandaJiar wu the capital, 
but it has been transferred to Kabul. 

Africa^ one of the four great quarters of the 
world. It is the third in magnitude, and probably 
in popuhition, though it is less known, and has 
i«wer political relations with Europe, than either 
A<ia or America. It forms a peninsula, connected 
with Asia by the isthmus of Suez. It is bounded 
oa the N. by the Mediterranean, W. by the Atlan- 
tic, EL by Oie Red sea and the Indian ocean. Its 
greatest leng^th from Cape Serra to Cape Aguilhas, 
mchides from about the 37th of N. to the 35th 
of S. lat and its greatest breadth from Cape Verd 
to Cape GnardaLi, about the 18th of W. to the 
Slst of E. loo. iti84,390m. long,and 4,140 broad. 
Africa is diatinguisfaed from the other quarters of 
the world by its immense sand deserts. The Sa- 
hara^ or the great Desert, occupies a large pro- 
portion of Africa N. of the mountains of the Moon. 
Very little is known about the interior of Africa. 
Few travellers have penetrated that burning re- 
pon. The population has been commonly esti- 
mated at 150jOOO^OOO ; Hassel estimates it at about 
994X)OiOOO, and the square miles at 11,659,449. 
llie principal rivers are the Nile, Niser, Senegal, 
Gambia, and Congo or 2aire. The principal 
ranges of mountains are the Mountains of the 
Moon and the Mount Atlas chain. The principal 
exports are slaves and gold. The internal com- 
oieroe is carried on almost entirely by caravans. 
Africa it divided into 1. Jforlhem Africa^ or the 
countries N. of the tropic of Cancer; 2. Sauifum 
,'l/riea, or the countries south of the tropic of Cap- 
neora ; 3. Eastern AfrvDO^ or the countries lying 
OD the east coast between the tropic of Cancer and 
the tropic of Capricorn; 4. Wtzltm Afrita^w ^\'b 
cwmtries on the west coast between the tropics ; 
5. Qtntrol Africa^ or the countries in the interior 
between these four divisions. 

.yrtf&i seaport, 90 m. S. E. of Tunis. 

AJtan^ r. Arabia, rona into the Persian gulf, 36 
m.S. £.ef£l.C8tii: 

Afva^ iaL in the Baltic, between the island Aa» 
land and the coast of Finland. 

AfteaM^ t Sweden, in Dalacarlia, on the Dal- 
£U; not fin- from Fahlon. 

Agai/t^^ t in Bengal, 14 m.S. of Plassey. 

Agadeetf or Santa Cnu^ the most southern port 
in the eaqiire ef Morocco. 

Agadtt, a Iwse town itt the interior of Airioa, 

3 



AGO 



17 



between Feznn and Cassina, the capital of a 
kingdom called Ashen. Lat 20" 2(y N. 

AgaiirpouTy r. Syria, flows into the Mediterra- 
nean, 12 m. S. S. W. of Scanderoon. 

AgamOf 8-p. on the isl. of Cyprus, 25 m. N. Bafik. 

Aganitt isl. on the E. coast of Ceylon. 

Agora, t Asiatic Turkey, in the pad^alic of Si- 
was, 7 m. W. of Tocat 

Agaron, t Hind, in the Carnatic, 15 m. N. W. 
Tiagar. 

Agarum^ t Hmd. in the Mysore, 6 m. £. 8. £. of 
Bangalore. 

Agastobolif or Agaiobolu See Atkaboli. 

Agatfimbwr^, L Hanover, in Bremen. Pop. 273. 

Agathanisi, isL 3 m. S. of the isle of Samoa. 

Agaton. See Gation. 

Agalloo, one of the Aleutian islands, 20 m. £. of 
Attoo. 

Agawamj p-v. Hampden oo. Mass. 2 m. S. W. of 
Spriugfield. 

Agawtuiiy the name of Westfield r. towards the 
mouth. 

Agde^ t France, in Herault, on the Herault, 1 
m. from its mouth, 8 leagues S. W. of Montpelier. 
Pop. 7400. 

Agen, t France, cap. of Lot and Garonne, on 
the Garonne, 30 leagues S. £. Bourdeaux. Lon. V 
E. Lat 44*' 12' N. Pop. 10,834. 

Ager, t Spain, in Catalonia, on the Segre. 

Agerolaj t. Naples, in Principato Citra. Pop. 
2,181. 

AggerhuuSy or CArt>hanui, the most southerly 
of the bishopricks of Norway. S(^. miles, ty7^^^. 
Pop. 390^000. Also, a royal bsdliwick, on the west 
side of the gulf of Christiania, three miles from the 
tovm of that name. 

Aggeroej isl. in the gulf of Christiania. 

Aggertuildf isL in the Catie«;at 

Aggh r* Persia, which flows mto the Aras. 

A^tadoe, v. Ireland, 3 m. N. N. W. of KiUar- 
ney. 

Aghiti, See Agveh. 

Agknishj Point,, on W. coast of Ireland, in Gal- 
way CO. Lat 53* 8' N. 

Aghor, r. Persia, prov. of Mekran, runs into the 
Indian ocean, near Cape Arubeh. 

Aghrim^ v. Ireland, 28 m. E. of Galway. 

AgkfiSy cape of Ireland, 11 m. W. of Sl^o. 

Agia LaufOy t £u. Turkey, 19 m. S. £. of Sa- 
lon iki. 

Agitneer. See Ajmeer. 

Agiai SaranlOy t of £u. Turkey, on the coast 
opposite the island of Corfu. 

Agio'oi Batsafdseck, U Eu. Turkey, 127 m. N. E. 
of Adrianople. 

Aglar, Bee At^ilda, 

Aglity t Sardinia, in Piedmont, 7 m. S. W. of 
Ivrea. Pop. 3,2:i5. 

AfrnadeUoy t. Austrian Italy, in Milan, 12 m. N. 
ofLodi. 

Agoan Oucniaty t Portugal, in Estremadura, 21 
m. E. N. E. of Abrantes. 

AgomiMOy isl. in Hudson^s bay,N. N. £. from Al- 
bany fort. 

AgotiyU France, dep. of La Manche. Pop. 

Agoonoy district on the Gold Coast of Airic^be- 
tween 5*> and 5** 30 N. lat. 

Agosta^ isl. in the Adriatic, off Dalmatia. 

Agoila^L on the coast of Sicily, 18 m. N. Syra- 
cuse. Pop. 15,000. 

.^^/,ial. in Um English chamel^a^ar the coast 
of France. 



18 



A G U 



Agmin or Agom^ isl. Sweden. Lat. 61*" 32r ^. 
Agowty a remarkable people of Abyssinia, in- 
habiting a territory to the east of Oie sources of 
the Bahr-el-Azrek, or Abyssinian Nile. So late as 
the I7th century, they were converted to Chris- 
tianity. Their lang-uagfe is entirely different from 
tiie Abyttiinian, and is said by Mr. Salt to bear a 
tesemblance to some of tlie English country dia- 
lects. 

Agra^ province of Hind, bounded N. by Delhi, 
S. by Malwaff, £. by Oude and Allahabad, and 
W. by Ajmecr. 

Agra^ city, cap. of the above province, and seat 
of the British civil authority ; is on the river Jum- 
na, 800 m. N. W. Calcutta. It is now in a ruin- 
ous state. About the middle of the 16th century, 
the emperor Akbar built here a palace and an ex- 
tensive fort of red free stone, and chan^^ed its name 
to Akbarabad. In 18U3, it was captured by the 
British army from the Mahrattas. In 1813, under 
the direction of the Churdl Missionary Society, 
the Rev. Dr. Corrie arrived here with Abdool 
Mease, a native convert ; the journal of whose 
proceedings has excited so widely a zealous con- 
cern for the success of Missions in India. The So- 
ciety posaem a building, called the Kuttra, where 
Abdool i^des, and wnere worship is held. In 18 
months, about 50 persons with their children, em- 
braced the Christian religion. Some of them 
were Fakeers, or Religious Mendicants ; 6 were 
Mahometans of the first respectability ; the rest 
were of the labouring classes of the people. 
Schools are opened in uie Kuttra and in three 
other places, and about 100 Heathen and Mahom- 
etan children attend them. 1 he converts are 
poor, but chiefly support themselves, the men by 
weaving, and the women by spinning 

Agragatuk^ fortress of Asiatic Russia, on the 
Caspian, 65 m. N. of Derbend. 

Agram^ or Zagrab^ t. Austria, cap. of Croatia, at 
a little distaince from the right bank of the Save. 
Pop. 17,266. It carries on considerable trade and 
navigation. Lon. 16» tV £. Lat 45'' 49' N. 

Agraniy province of Croatia in Austria. Pop. 
178, 126. The part on the S. side of the Save was 
annexed in 1816 to the kiiigdom of Illyrid. 
Agramotit^ t Spain, in Catalonia. 'Pop. 3,000. 
Agreda^ t Spain, in Soria. Pop. S^'^tX). Loo. 
1M7' W,Lat.4r53'N. 
AgropoH, U Naples, 22 m. S. S. £. of Salerno. 
Agua^Cape^ Spain, on the coast of Mun:iu. 
Agua de Peixet^ t. Portugal, 15 m. S. of £vora. 
Agua^ seaport on the Gold Coast of AlVicu. 
Agaada^ r. Spain, in Salamanca, which joins the 
Duero at St. Martin. 

AguadoK point,at the mouth of thegulf of Darien. 
Aguaa Calientes^ city of New Spain, 14o leagues 
N. N. W of Mexico, and GSofGuadaluxara. 

Aguatuleo. s-p. Guaxaca, on tho Pacific. Lat. 
15° 44' N. 

Agveh^ t in Natolia, on the Black sea, 10 m. £. 
ofErekli. 

Agueira^ t Portugal, prov. of Beira, 21 m. B. N. 
E. of Lamego. 

Agaigan^ one of the Caroline islands. Lat. 14* 
43'N. 

Agvdiar, t Spain, in Navarre, 12 m* S. W. of 
Estella. 
Aguilar, t Spain, 32 m. S. of Cordova. 
Agtdlar del CcMpo^ t. Spain, 40 m. N. W. of 
Burgos. 

Aguirroy r. in Guiana, fiUls into the Orinoco, at 
its mouth. 



A I G 

Agurmnde^ t France, dep. of the Indre. 
Afianta,, a kingdom on the Crold Coast of Africa, 
bounded on the west by Appollonia, on the east by 
the Fantee territories. It is the richest district 
upon the coast. 
Ahdun, t Persia, 30 m. S. S. W. Candahar. 
Afier^ t. Pertia, 20 m. N. of Tabris. 
Akkooly^ t. Hind, in the Mysore. 
A/Uderiy t Hanover, on the river Leine. 
Ahlen^ t. Prussian Westphalia, on the Werre. 
Pop. 1,816. 

Ahntedabad^ capital of the provinpe bf Gujerat 
in Hind, on the Sabermaty, which &lls into the gulf 
of Cainbay. One of the best fortified cities in 
Hindostan, 

./9/im«fnA^ir ,tHind. in the Camatic Bala-ghaut, 
well fortified, with extensive cotton lactones. 

Ahmedpore, t Hind, in Orissa, 34 m. S. of Cut- 
tack. 

Ahpmoejeenee^Oamooky lake in Maine, N. of 
Moosehead lake, discharges its waters by the riv- 
er St. John into the bay of Fundy. 
Ahr^ r. Prussia, which joins the Rhine at Sinzig. 
Ahbergj t in Germany, in the Bavarian circle of 
the Rezat,3 m. S. W. of Ohrenbau. 
AhrenfeU, v. 17 m. N. N. W. of Coblentx. 
Ahrensburg^ v. Denmark, dutchy of Holstein, 13 
m. from Hamburg. 

Ahieeiitr, t. Prussian province of the Lower 
Rhine, on tlie Ahr. Lon. 70" 3' E. Lat 50" '^ N. 
Pop. 1,779. 
Ahm, See Lochia, 

Ahvn^ t. France, dep. of Crease, Lon. 2" E. 
LaL 49" 5' N. Pop. 1,850. 

Ahuwan^ t of Persia, 30 m. 8. S. W. of I>ame> 
gan. 

Ahwu^ AhuBusi^ or Haeisa^ L Persia, in Khuzis- 
tan, 40 m. N. of Bussorah. 
Ahicas Rirer, See Karanu 
Aja, Cape^ the south point of the Crimea. 
Ajaccio, or Ajazso^ tiic capital of Corsica, nnA 
the birth-place of Napoleon Bonaparte. It lies oo 
a bay of the same name, 676 m. from Paris ; b 
well fortified and better built than the other towns 
of tlie island. Pop. 6,570. 

Ajim^ the name of the eastern coast of Africa, 
from Cape Guardafui to Magdasho. 
Aias^ L in Natolia, 25 m. W. of Angura. 
Aiax, s-p. Turkey, 20 m. N. ef ScanderooB. 
Lou. fi(J*'5' E. Lat. 36" 45' N. 

jiituaitick. (uu. Kphesm^ v. Asia Minor, in Na- 
tolia, 39 m. S. of Suiyma. Lon. 27" 23* E. Lat- SJT 
3'N. 

Athling, t. in Bavaria, 92 m. S. E. of Munich. 
Aichac/i^ t Bavaria, 12 m. E. N. E. Augsbui;g. 
Aiehbcrg. See Eirtriburg, 
AirhMitteht^ t Bavaria. Pop. 1,360. 
.///rA*/ftf/cn,t. Wirtemberg. Pop. 500. 
Aidub^ port, A. Turkey, on the Red sea. Lat 
22"12'N. 
Aidona^ t Sicily, 4 m. N. E. of Piazza. 
Ajdlo^ t Naples, prov. of Abrozzo Ultra. II. 
Aicia^ t Naples, in Calabria Citra. 
Ajeito^ t. Naples, in Calabria Citra. 
Aiof.n^ t. Austria, 105 m. W. of Vienna. 
AigU, or Ho/f, t. Switzerland, 36 m. £< N. E. d 
Geneva. 

Aigle^ prcMDontory on the ooast of France, be^ 
tween Marseilles and Toulon. 

CAigle^ t France, dep. of the Ome, 14 league^ 
N. £. of Alenoon. Pop. 5,947. 

Aignai, or Aigney-f^Due^ t Fnuioe, dep. oj 
Cote d'Or, 10 leagues N.W.DiJoo. P0p.766. 



AI N 

^ti^fum, t Fnnae^ dep. of Gen. Pop. 1^13. 

Aign^ t Frmnoe, dep. of Charente, 7 leagOM 
N. W. AiKDttleme. Pop. 1 ,428. 

Jign-FoiilUt t. France, dep. of Lower Cha- 
rente. 

j1iguMh,LStLVoj^6 IcAgues E. of Chamberry. 

Aigut'PerMy U f ranee, in Puy de Dome. Pop. 
2.336. 

AigitOi r. France, falls into the Rhone near Or- 

Aig^ut-MorUs^ L France, in Gaud, 7 leaf^ues & 

SWTofNismes. Pop. 2,800. 
Aig^a'Vit€»y t- France, W m. S. W. Nitmes. 
AimUfiny t France, at the conflux of tlie Lot 

and Garoone. Pop. 2,380. 
.4t^u«net,t FraDoe, dep. of Var, 16 m. N. E. of 

Barjols. 
AtjaHtK, t Syria, 35 m. S. of Tripoli. 
Aju[huryi, Hind. S5m. £. of Chatterpore. 
Ajitmult t. of Agra, in Hind. 25 m. W. Cawn- 

pore. 
.4iiauiie,r.Palettine, runs into the Mediterra- 

neaa, 9 m. N. of Acre. 
.Jito, id. Sweden, in the golf of Bothnia. Lon. 

2nO'E.UL6ri3'N. 
.4</aA^i-p. Arabia, in Hedsjas, on the Red sea, 

ctUcd Elath, in Scripture. 1U6 m. £. of Suez. 

Lon. 40P 5' E. Lat. JB" 55' N. 
AiiiMyt Franoe,dep. of Gironde, 6 in. N. £. of 

Buac. 
.^t/iroton, t En^aJEkd, Huntington oo. 58 miles 

from London. 
AxmargutMy L France, 3^ leagues from Nismes. 
AjmKTyW lUwQoianay an extensive province 

in the oeotre of Hindostan, bounded N. by Delhi 

and Mooltan, S. by MaJwa and Gujerat,E. by Del- 
hi and Agra, and \V. by Sinde. 

.4/RKer,city, cap. of the above. Lon. 74" 48' £. 
Ut.28^35'N. Near it is a remarkable place of 
Hindoo superstition, called Phokur, or Pooshkur, 
it being a rammon saying, that all the pilgrimages 
«( the world are of no avail, without bathing in the 
vaten of Phokur. In 1819, a Baptist missionary 
«u sent here to establish schools as a means of in- 
troducing the Gospel. 

Aimmititry L France, 'dep. of Upper Vienne, 5 
l«ac:ues 3. £. SL Leonard. 

AifLs a department of Fiance, bordering on Sa- 
voy and Switaerland. Pop. 322,^08. 
Ain^badilL See Lqumio, 
Ainait, L Arabia, in Hadramaut 
.^ui-osd; Ainbarthoy «^u»-6eieese, Ain^iUa, 
•^tVef-grae&i Awr-^raith Ain on Htidcy Aiti' 
niM, ^M^-e^rofr, Ain^yllah; villages in the 
^th of Aigien, near the Sahara. 

I Am^dutriiiy v. Palestine, 5 m. fr. Jerusalem. 

I Ainermlky t France, dep. of Mouse, 3 m. S. W. 
Dos. 
Ainrdai»y r. France, falls into the Rhone, above 

Amftbd, t Asiatic Turkey, in Diarbekir, 40 m. 
S. W. Mosul. 

Am^moof, t Syria, 150 m. S. S. E. of Aleppo. 

^oHmua, or el Aayan'^mounOy the wells of Mo- 
R^ Anbia, 10 m. from Sues. 

^tadaren, v. Wirtemberg. Pop. 1,100. 
l^tfMi, or Aimuy aborigines of Jetso and Saff- 
niien, oonmonly called Wild Kuriles. Formerly 
^Twcre an independent nation, waging wars 
^ the Japanese, even so lately as the 17th 
*9Xtaj • but Ittve been subdued by that nation. 
^•4tMB,t Spain, in Arragon, 18 m. N. fialbattio. 



A I X 



19 



Aifuworthy t. Eng. in Lancashire. Pop. Iy422. 

Amiaby t Syria, 40 m. N. of Aleppo, 130 S. W. 
Diarbekir. Lon. 37* 25^ E. Lat Sfi' 26' N. 

Ajoy Cape, Spain, on the coast of Biscay. 

AJoty is] . Sweden, in the gulf of Bothnia. Lon. 
«4'*24'E.Lat65*'38rN. 

AJoty V. Paraguay, 24 leagues E. Assumption. 

Aioi Cmuianiinoty t Candia, 32 m. S. E. Canea. 

Aioiiilan^ v. Mexico, in Guadalaxara, on the Pa* 
cific. 

Aiouy a group of Islands. Lon. 131* lO' E. Lat. 
0"24'N. 

Air, See A^^. 

Air, t Bedford co. Pa. S. W. Harrisburg. Pop. 
1,760. 

.^tnigiref , t. France, dep. of the mouths of the 
Rhone, 13^ leagues N. W. of Aix. 

Airano, t Italy, 10 m. S. E. of Como. 

Airdrie, t. Scotland, 12 m. £. of Glasgow. 

Aire, t. France, dep. of the Landes, 9 leagues 
N. N E. of Pau, and 22 S. S E. of Bordeaux. 

Air, or Arien, t. France, dep. of Pas de Calais, 
13 m. from St. Omer. 

Airoioy Airola, Krteit, or Orient, r. Switz. can- 
ton of Ticino, 21 m. S. Altoff. 

Airon, r. France, which runs into the Loire. 

Airvauxy or AirvanU, t France, dep. of Deux 
Sevres, 14 leases N. £. of Miort Pop. 2^0. 

.^tfo, t. Spam, in Arraj^on, 7 m. N- Jaca. 

Aiteh, r. Bavaria, which joins the Regnits at 
Brandenlohe. 

Aise, r. France, joins the Ome, above Caen. 

Aise. See Asse. 

Aishngen, t Bavaria, 4 m. S. of Dillingen. 

Aitjmmderlyt t. I^gland, in Yorkshire, near 
Rippon. Pop. 521. 

Aisne, a dep. of France, consistinfof portions of 
the Isle de France, Champagne, andPicardy. Pop. 
4a^y^Sn. Chief trade in grain. 

AiMne, or Aim, r. France, which afler a course 
of 40 leagues, unites with the Oise, near Com- 
peigne. 

Aix, a small isL France, near Rochefort, oppo- 
site the mouth of the Charente. Lon. 48° 5' N. 

Aixy city of France, formerly capital of Prov- 
ence, now in the department of the mouths of the 
Rhone. It is on a plain, N. of the Are ; 16 
leagues S. E. of Avignon, 7 N. of Marseilles, and 
163 S. by E. of Paris. Pop. 26,900. It is one of 
the oldest towns in Fiance ; built 120 years before 
the Christian era, and received the nameof w^ouc 
SexUt from its famous spring. The chapel of 
Notre Dame de TEsperance is much frequented 
by the pious Catholics. 

Aix, t. in Savoy, 12 m. N. of Chamberry, cele- 
brated for its warm baths. Pop. 1,600. Lon. 5* 
48; E. Lat 45' 40' N. 

Aixe,i. France, dep. of Upper Vienne. Pop. 
2,160. 4 m. from Limoges. 

Aix^en^Othe, t France, dep. of the Aube. Pop. 
1,570. 4 leagues W. S. W. Troyes. 

Aix^la-ChapfiUt t in the gnind dutdiy of the 
Lower Rhine, between Juliersaad Limburg. The 
French give it the name of Aix-la-Chapelle, from 
the circumstance of Charlemagne^ havinjr built 
here a chapel appropriated to a convent of nnns, 
imd frequently resorted to it for his own devotions. 
It is divided into the inner and outer town. In 
1807, it had 3,080 houses, 27,104 inhabitants. It 
was long the favourite residence of Charlemagne, 
and for some time the capital of his empire ; hence 
it was long customary to hold here the coronation 
of the emperon of Germany. Its baths, eight in 



20 



AKM 



nnmber, issne from five springSi mnd are much cel- 
ebrated. They are mutb. resorted to in time of 
peace. This city held the second rank among the 
imperial towns of Westphalia. Two celebrated 
treaties of peace have been here concluded; one 
in l66ft, between France and Spain, the other in 
174b, between the diflerent powers engaged in the 
war of the Austrian soooession. It was entered 
by thft French troops in 1794, and remained in the 
hands of France till the fall of Buonaparte, a pe- 
riod of ^ years, during which it was the capital 
of the dep. of the Roer, and the head of an arron- 
ditsement. It now belongs to Prussia. 95 m. N. 
E. Lie«re, 36 S. W. of Col^;ne. Lion. 6** 64' E. Lat. 

Aixenag^ t France, dep. of Vendee, 15 leagues 
N. W. Foulenoy. Pop. 3,600. 

AiMeu-le-Duc^ t and barony of Fi-ance. dep. of 
Cote dX)r, 9 leagues N. W. of Dijon. 

Akaltike. See w^fctdbo. 

Akmnapet^ t Hindostan, in the Camatic. 25 m. 
a £. Calastri. 

Ahammrui^X. on the Ivory Coast of Guinea, 
near cape ApoUonia, |ths of a league from the 
shore. 

Akam^ t of the Arabian Irak, pachalic of Bag- 
dad, 10 m. S. E. Sura. 

Akaaakuht of Japan, on the S. const of the isl. of 
Niphon. 100 m. £. Meaco, 140 W. S. W. Jeddo. 

Akbar-abad. See Agra. 
Akbar-nagur, See RajemaL 

Akdataky t Persia, in Schirvan, on the Kur. 30 
m. S. W. of Schamagfai. 

Akebar^ L Arabian Irak, on the Tigris, 30 m. N. 
W. Bagdad. 

Aken^ t Prussian Saxony, on the Elbe. Pop. 
5,877. 

AkertnafVh fort, Russia, in Bessarabia, on the 
Black Sea, at the mouth of the Dtieieier. 68 ra. 
a W. of Ocaakow, 65 S. E. of Bender. Loo. 31*" 
14' E. Lat. 46^ 8' N. Pop. 8^)00. 

Akhisar^ L A. Turkey, on the site of the ancient 
Thyatira, 40 m. S. E. of Pergamo. Lon. ^"^ 4ff E. 
Lat. 38" 15' N. 

Akili^ t A. Turkey, in Natolia, on the Black sea, 
35 m. E. N. E. of Constantinople. 

Ahtka^ AghaUigke, or Ghalsig^ province A.Tur- 
key, in Armenia, on the S. W. confines of Geoi^ia. 
It is a fertile and populous country, and its moun- 
tains contain the richest minerals. The town is 
open, and without fortifications, but has a strong 
and lofty castle. Us inhabitants are of ^mrious 
nations, Armenians, Turks, Jews, and Christians, 
and carry on an active trade with Battum, a port 
on the Black sea, 100 miles distant Besides 
mosques it contains two diurches for the Chris- 
tians ; and the Jews have a synagogue. 90 m. N. 
N. W. of Erivan, 100 S. W. of Teflis. 

Akkth *■ station of Lower Suse, S. €i Morocco, 
boniering on the desart of Saiiara. It is the ren- 
deivous of the oaiavans from all parts of Morocco, 
whence they proceed across the desert to Tombuc- 
ioo. Pop. lOgOOO, including the vicinity. 

Akkoi^ t. of Russia, in Finkmd. Lon. SSf* SO' 
E. Lat 61" 11' N. 

Akker^ t Sjrria, pachalic of Tripoli, on Mount 
Baigylua, supposed to be the Ker mentioned in 
•oripture. 30 m. £:of Tripoli, 66 N. W. of Da- 
mascus. 

,^lna,isL in the North Sea near the west coast 
of E. Greenland. Lon. 46^ W. Lat 60° SB' N. 
Akmettehdi or Akmedigjid^ tin the plain of the 



ALA 

Crimea, in Russian Taurida, on the gulf 6f Ne- 

gropila, with a road for vessels. 
Akickirukt v. Russian Tartary, in Dauria, near 

ttie Amur, on the bAnk of the Onon. The fortress 

was built in 1756, and is one of a chain of posts on 

this part of the Ruuian frontier. Lon. 132^ E. 

Lat. 50^ N. 
AkaeraUt A. Turkey, in Caramama, 60 m. N. 

E. Konieh. 
Akthehr, t A. Turkey, in Natolia, at the foot of 

the mountain Akshehr. 60 m. S. S. £. Karahias ar. 

Lon.3r21'E. Lat38"«rN. 
Akshethekr^ t A. Turkey, in Natolia, on the 

Black sea ; 90 m. E. of Constantinople. Lon. 31" 

lO'E. Lat 41* 15' N. 
AHuba^ r. Asiatic Russia, issuing from the Volga, 

and rejoining it before iklling into the Caspian 

sea. 
Akunpore^ t Hindostan, 15 m. £. 8. E. Fyza- 

bad. 
Akuiaru, one of the Aleutian islands. 
AULt t Austria, in Tyrol, on the Adige. Pop. 
4,000. 

AiabanuL, one of the U. & bounded N. by Ten- 
nessee ; E. by Georgia, from which it is separated 
in part by the Chatahoocbee ; S. by Florida and 
the gulf of Mexico ; W. by the state of Mississip- 
pi. The western boundary begins on Tennessee 
river, at the mouth of Bear creek, and proceod^ 
by a direct line to the N.W. comer of Washingtun 
county, and thence due south, to the Gulf of Mex- 
ico. The southern boundary here commences, 
and proceeds eastwardly, including all the islands 
within six leagues of the shore, to 3ie Perdido riv- 
er; thence, up the same, to the parallel of 31* N. 
lat. and thence due east, along that parallel, to 
the western boundary of Georgia. The area 
of the state is estimated at 44^000 square miles. 
It is divided into 24 counties. A ridge of high- 
lands divides the waters which fall into the Ten- 
nessee on the north from those which flow into the 
^If of Mexico on the south. North of this ridge 
IS a limestone region ; south of it the whole coun- 
try is alluvial. The soil is generally fertile, par- 
ticularly on the banks of the rivers. The country 
bordering on Tennessee river, for the qpace of 100 
miles east and west, and 40 from north to south, is 
regarded by some as the garden of North America. 
Thousands of emigrants from the neighbouring 
states have resorted hither within a few year«. 
Madison county, which lies in this region, 7 or 8 
year» ago was a mere wilderness. In 18S0 it con- 
tained more tlian 17,000 inhabitants, and produced 
15^000 bales of cotton or 4,500,0(10 pounds. Cot- 
ton is the Htaple production of the state, and the 
great article of export. 

Alabama has been but recently settled, and the 
population has increased with astonishing rapidity. 
In 1810, there were less than 10^000 inhabitants ; 
in 1816, 29,683; in 1818, 70,594, and in 1820, 
l^,901,of whom 41,879 were slaves. Engaged 
in agriculture, 30,642, in commerce, 452, in man- 
ufactures 1,412. The settlements at present aie 
principally confined to the banks of the great ri\- 
era. The counties on the Tennessee oontain moir 
than one third of the whole population. The In- 
dians formerly occupied the whole state, but their 
title has been almost extinguished by the govern- 
ment of the United States. The Cherokees, how- 
ever, still own a section in the N. £. part of the 
state; and the ChocUws, a leetion m the N. W. 
part 



* A LA 

AlabUMi snd Mississippi foniied a part of G«or- 
gm till 1800, when Aey were separated from it, 
and eetabii^ied by act of Congress as a separate 
eoTemment, under tiie name of the Mississippi 
Territory. In 1817, Alabama was separated from 
Misaianppi and became a territorial government, 
and on the 3d of March, 1819, was admitted into 
the Union as an independent state. In the act of 
Con gress admitting Alabama into the Union, two 
iownriiips of land were granted to the state, for 
the support of a college ; and one section, or thir- 
ty-cizUi part of erery township, was given for the 
support of schools. Five per cent of the net pro- 
ceeds arising fr«»i the sole of the public lands 
within the state, were also apprt^riated to making 
roads and canals for the benefit of the state. A 
military road was lat^ completed, connecting 
FloreDoe on the Teoneesee with the city of N. Or- 
leans, by which the distance to that city is lessen- 
ed 30O miles. Cahawba is the seat of govera- 
ment« 

In 1821, a petition was made to Congress by a ' 
eonvention of the state, to have annexed to Alaba- 
ma that part of Florida, which lies between the 
rivers Apalachicolaand Perdido. This tract con- 
•ists of a slip of coast 50 miles wide, extending 
along ids of the state of Alabama, and includes 
the tenm of Pensaoola, 

Aiabama, p-t. Monroe co. Alabama, on Alabama 
river, 10 m. below Fort Jackson. 

Alabama^ r. in the state of Alabama, is formed 
by the umoo of the Coosa and Tallapoosa, and 
Bowing^ S. S. W. unites with the Tombigbee to 
form Mobile river, 45 miles from the heed of Mo- 
bile Bay. From its mouth to the mouth of the 
Cahawba, 310 miles, it has 4 or 5 feet water ; and 
from tbe mouth of the Cahawba to the forks of the 
Coosa and Tallapoosa, 3 feet in the shallowest 
places. It is navigable for sloops to Fort Clai- 
borne. 

Alab&Mer, or Ekuihera^ one of the Bahama isU 
ands, on the great Bahama bank. The climate is 
bealttiy. It produces pine-apples for exportation. 
There is a small fort and garrison on the island. 
Lon. 7«»ie' to 76^ 56' W. Lat. 24'' 40^ to 26* 
30' N. 

jf fadktis SmmnmOi, in E. Florida, 75 m. W. St 
Augustine, 50 miles in circnmferenoe, without a 
tree or bush, but is encircled with hills, covered 
with forests and orange groves, on a very mch soil. 
Tbe ancient Alachua In&m town stood on the bor- 
ders of this savannah ; but the Indians removed 
to CusoowiBa, two miles distant, on account of the 
unhealthiness c^ the former site. 

./flflfroneff, a long range of hidden rocks, shoab, 
andbaaha, on the 8. side of thegulf of Mexioo,oppo- 
tttetfaeooast of Yucatan, east from Stone Bank, and 
west from Cape St. Antonio. N. Lat S3^, between 
89" and 91* W. Long. Navigators pass round 
them, though there are some good channels and 



ALA 



21 



^dbline/ifan^ in the Bay of Bengal, nearthe 
coast oTSiam, extending from 9° 5' to 9*40' N, 
Lai. ^^ 

^faAira,t. Russia, in Finla]id,34m. N. N. E. of 
Abo. 

^lagm,t.oa tfaea coast of St Michael^ the 
laigeet of the Aaores, 8 m. E. of Delgada. 

Akgarvit t Russia, m Finland, circle of Wasa, 
fromwtiiehtawnitiBdirtaiitOOm.tothe£. Lon. 
»• 41' E. Lat eS" 38^ N. 

,«fatf,« lofty peak, iatiie iea of Okhotsk, 99m. 
N. W. of CapeLe|iatka. 



Aldity AleU<, or AUt^ t Franoe, dep. of the Gard, 
13} leagues N. Montpelier ; trades in grain, olives, 
oil, wine, silk, and in the manufa^ures of its 
territory. Pop. 8^14. Lon. 4"* E. Lat 44* 
8'N. 

Aiarn^ t France, dep. of Upper Garonne ; hous- 
es about 100 } 7 kttgues N. £. St Bertrand. 

Alamagofi, or Conception Island, one of the 
Ladrones, 18 m. in ctrouit Lat 18° lO' N. 

Atarij PoiiUy or Cape^ W. coast of N. America, 
gulf of Georgia. Lon. SS?** 54' E. Lat 48° 2' N. 

Alanehe^ t of France, dep. of the CantaL Pop. 
9,50a 4 leagues W. & W. of Mercoeur. 

Aland^ isL in the Baltic, near the point of meet- 
ing of the gulf of Bothnia and Fimand, between 
the coasts of Finland and Upland in Sweden,' is 40 
m. long, 30 broad ; has 8 parishes, and 1 1,280 in- 
habiil^ls ; and was ceded to Russia, 1809. Loo. 
20° E. I^t60°18'N. 

Akmidi^ t A. Turkey, on the site of the ancient 
Coraoesium, in Cilicia. 1 10 m. S. S. W. of Konieh. 
Lon.SrayE. Lat 36*' 34' N. 

Aiapaew^ t A. Russia, cap. of the gov. of Perm. 
Pop. 1,000. 80 m. N. N. £. Ekaterinburg. Lon. 
6ri4'E. Lat56«N. 

Alaroy t isL of Migorca, 9. m. N. N. E. Palnuu 
Pop. 2,400. 

Alanan^ t Spain, in Cuenca, 42 leagues S. £. 
Madrid. 

Aias, t W. coast of Sumatra. Lon. 102° 35' E. 
Lat4M5'N. 

AUuey Mwntmnsn a ridge in Asiatic Russia^ 
which divides the sources of Omecon and Kovima 
rivers, and terminates on the Frozen ocean. 

AhtBtacy or Akusoc^ t France, dep. of the Cor^ 
rese, 12 m. W. Tulle. Pop. 3,160. 

AUustmOf t Turkey, in Rumelia, at the foot of 
Mount Olympus. Pop. 3,000. 

AiastStrail, between the islands of Lomboo and 
Sumbawa in the Eastern sea. 

Alatamaha^ r. Georgia ; formed by t)ie union of 
the Oconee and Oakmulgee. It runs S. E. and 
empties into the Atlantic by several mouths, be-^ 
tweeu Sapelo and St Simond^s islands, 60 miles 
S. W. of Savannah. It is navigable for vessels or 
30 tons,as far as Milledgeville on the Oconee branch ,, 
300 miles from the ocean. The bar at the mouths 
has 14 feet at low water. 

Alalri, t Italy, in the states of the Church,^ 
40 m. E. S. £. Rome. Lon. 13^ 14' E. Lat 4P 
43' N. 

Alatyfy t A. Russia, gov. of Sinbirsk, at the 
confluence of the Alatyr with the Sura ; 102 nu 
from Smbirsk. Lon. 46'' 14' E. Lat 54** 45' N« 
Pop. 1,364. 

Atacoj one of the three subdivisions of Biscay. 
Sq. mUes 1 ,093. Pop. 57,50a 

Alttca^ the S. point of the isl. Revilln Gigedo, in 
the Pacific Ocean. Lon. 228" 59^ £. Lat 35* 
6'N. 

Abnfiedta, t Sweden, in E. Bothnia, 30 m. S. 
Brahestad. Lon. 24"* 13' E. Lat 64** lO' N. 

Akno^ t Russia, in Finland, 60 m. S. E. Wasa. 
Lon. 23*26' E. Lat6r36'N. 

Alaueh^ t France, dep. of mouths of the Rhone, 
5 m. N. £. MarseilleSb 

.^fouft, t New Grenada. It manufectures cloths, 
faaiaes, aod cotton garments. Lon. 78^ 39* W. Lat 
2»12'N. 

Aknuif r. New Grenada, flows down the W. side 
•f the Cordilleras, into the bay of Guayaquil. 

Aiateia, or AHazey, r. Siberia, runs into the 
rroxanoceuL Loa.l4ri4'E. Lat72"40^N. 



22 



ALB 



Atmakoi^ aettiemcnt, Siberia, on Alaiey river, 
90m. W. N. W. Niachney Kovimkoi. Lod. 144^' 
14' E. Later 4(rN. 

Alby province of Wirtemberig^. Pop. 109,t40 
Chief town, Urach. 

ASbOf t Italy, in Piedmont, on the Tanaro. Pop. 
9,650. 13 m. S. E. Turin. Lou. 7** SO' £. Lat 
44''40'N. 

AWa^ t. Naples, in Abruno Ultra, 17 m. S. A- 
quila. 

Albaeetty or CetitU^ t Spain, in Murcia. Pop. 7 
«r 8,00a The value of the saffron yearly is be- 
tween 6 and 7,000^ 80 m. S. W. Valencia. Lon. 
t»rW. Lat.38»5rN. 

ABtaeinay t. Italy, in the Marca d^Arcona, 10 m. 
W.N.W.Talcntino. 

Albany t France, dep. of the Tarn, 16 m. £. 
Alby. 
AUmnatir, See Albarrtutin, 
Albania^ a large province in Eu. Turkey, on the 
£. side of the Adriatic and the Ionian sea. It com- 
prehends ancient lUyria and Epirus. It is 135 
jniks long, and 70 to 90 in breadth. It yields wine, 
oil, and com, and the mountains are covered 
with forests. Opposite the coast are the Ionian 
Isles. 

Aibanoy t Italy, in Lombardy, on Sens r. 6 m. £. 
Ber^gamo. 

Aibano^ t. Naples, in Otranto, 4 m. W. N. W. 
Ostuni. 

Albano, t. Italy, Compagna di Roma, resorted 
to on pleasure excursions by the inhabitants of 
Rome in spring and harvest. Here is an aqueduct 
of the Romans to carry off the water of the Lake. 
In this nei|^hbourhood was the combat between 
the Horatii and Curiatii. 14 m. S. S. E. Rome. 
Pop. 2,400. 

Aibanopolis^ or A Ibantpoliy t. of Turkey, on Dri- 
no r. in Albania, 43 m. E. Alesio. 

Albany, p-t Oxford co. Maine, 18 m. N. W. Pa^ 
ns. Pop.SSa 

Albttny.^t Orleans, CO. Vt40m.N.N.E.MoDt- 
pelier. 

Albany, co. N. Y. on Hudson r. Pop. 38,1 16 ; 
engaged in agriculture, 4,985, in commerce, 
£55, in manufactures, 1,820. Chief t Alba- 
ay. 

Albany, city, Albany co. the capital of New 
York and the second town in population, wealth 
smd oommeree in the State, stands on the W. bank 
«f the Hudson, 144m. N. of New York, 165 W. of 
Boston, 230 S. of Montreal. Lat42<'38'N. The 
l»wn is divided into 5 wards, and extends about 2 
miles north and south on the river, and in the 
widest part, about 1 mile from east to west It is 
compw^^ built The streets are generally paved; 
the principal are Market, State and Pearl streets. 
A large proportion of the houses are of brick, and 
the style of building has much improved within a 
few years. Among the public buildings are a 
State House, substantially built of stone, at an ex- 
pense of $115,000, aod containing chambers for 
the sfaaieand house of representatives, a court- 
room, jury rooms, offices and lobbies ; an elegant 
Ac|ldemy,sitnated on Capitol hill, and built of the 
Jersey freestone ; it was erected by the citizens of 
Albany, and the expense, when only the lower 
rooms were finished, was|90,000; a large brick 
boildinff for the Lannster school; a jail, an alms- 
house, Sieatre, arsenal and 12 houses for public 
wonhip. The city is supplied with water from a 
spring 3 miles distant, by an aqueduct which con- 
tvj9 the water to every hovatb Alba&y is finely 



ALB 

ritoated for trade^ at the head of slomt navicatkm, 
and connected by canals with Lake £rie and Lake 
Champlain. Steamboats constantly ply between 
this city and N. York, and perform their route 
usually in less than 30 hours. Pop. in 1810, ^356; 
in 1820, 12,630. From the cupola of the SUte 
House there is a rich and extensive proqpect 

.^iSku^tBerkBoo.Pa.£.Harrisburg. Pop.995. 

Albany, r. North America, whi<£ fidls into 
James' bay, Ion. 84<'3aW. Uit 5r30'N. runs 
N. B. through a chain of small lakes, from the S. 
end of Winnipeg lake. The British fort is on the 
river, in Ion. 8r 20' W. Lat53"10'N. 

AVbaradOf t Italy, ia the Veronese, 15 m. S. £. 
Verona. 

Albarieoquu, Paint of Ike, on the N. coast of the 
isL St Domingo, between the Trau d'Enfers aod 
Cape Bourbon. 

Albamuin, t Spain, in Arragon, on the Gauda- 
lavair. Pop. 1,800. It has some iron works; fine 
Arragon wool is produced in its environs. 5 leagues 
W.Teruel, 100 E. Madrid. Um.V3ffW. Lat 
40*34'N. 

Albarregas, r. New Grenada, descends from 
the mountains of Bogota, and runs into the lake 
Maracaibo. 

Albasano, £u. Turkey, in Albania, 45 m. E. S. 
E. Durazzo, 150 S. W. Sophia. Lon. 20^ 15' £. 
Lat4l'»30'N. 

Alhatrou, Point, New Zealand. Lon. 184° 42" 
W. Lat 38" 4' S. 

Albatross, Itl, on the N. of Van Dieman^ Umd. 
Lon. 144*' 41 E. Lat 40^ 25' S. 

Albay, a volcanic mountain in the tsl. Luoon. 

Albasin, or Jacsa, fort, China, on the N. side of 
Amur r. now demolished. Lat S3f N« 

Albe, t Naples, in Abruzzo Ultra, 15^ S. A- 
quila. 

Albe. r. France, runs into the Sarre at Sarrealb, 
dep. of the Moselle. 

Albeea, t Spain, in Catalonia, 6 m. S. S. W. 
Lerida. 

Albedt, t Wirtemberg, 5 m. N. E. Ulm. 

Albefl, r. Switzerland, canton of the Grisona^ 
Joins a branch of the Hhine near Furstenau. 

Albemarle, co. Va. near the centre of the state. 
Chief t CharlottsviUe. Pop. 19,750^ slaves, 
10,659; engaged in agriculture 5^997, in com- 
merce, 63, in manu&ctures616. 

Albemarle Sound, on the coast of N. Carolina, in 
the N. E. part of the state, is 60 miles long from 
£. to W. and from 4 to 15 wide. It receives the 
Chowan, Roanoke, and several smaller rivers. It 
communicates with Pamlico Sound and the Ocean 
by several nairow inlets, and with Chesapeake 
bay by a canal cut through Dismal Swamp. 

Alien, r. Austria, in Illyria, which runs into the 
Adriatic sea. 

Albenga, or Albengua, t on the coast of Genoa, 
30 m.S. W.Genoa. Pop.4|000. 

Albenqtte, t France, dep. of the Lot,8 leaguee 
N. N. £. MonUttban. Poji. 1,920. 

Alberchef r. Spain, province of Toledo, ialls in- 
to the Tagus a little above Talavera de la Reyne. 
On its banks a battle was fbugi^t by Lord Weliiqg- 
ton in 1809. 

Alberrij inlet of N. Pacific ocean, on the 8. W. 
coast of Quadra and Vancouver islands. Lon. 235* 
25'E. Lat49°N. 

Albcrttofff t France, in Lorraine, 91 leagoee 
£. S. E. of Metz. 

Albert^fen^ t. Bavaria, principality of Wnrtx- 
baig, on the Maine, 2 m. Or. Kitsingen. 



ALB 

AAertmn\ p-7. Daplin cd N. C. 
wf Z6t, t Naples, in Abruzso Ultra, 6 m. W. 
Celano. 

«4Ai, or JthUf t Savoy, 7 leagues N. Cham- 
berry. 
Athiana^ s-p. Guinea, on the Ivory coast 
^^'•Tita Qme, on the N. W. extremity of the 
ial. of Cyprus. Lon. arts' £. LatSS^'lCTN. 

jfttMEf, y.Franoe, 2) leagues N. N. £. of Mon- 
taubaa. 

. ^I6fit, or AMny t France, dep. of the Aveyroo. 
Pop. 3,15a 8 leafues N. W. Rhodez. 

AWini^ T. Italy, m the Lombardo» Venetian king- 
dam, distnct of Beigamasoo. 
AUnan^ a name given to Great Britain. 

AUntn^ p-t. and cap. of Edwards co. Illinois, 40 
m. S. W. Vinoennes. It stands on the dividing 
ridge b etwee n theGreat and Little Wabash rivers, 
12 m. from the former and 6 from the latter, in a 
dry and healthy situatiim, while it is well suppli- 
ed with sprinss of water. It was originally set- 
tled by Engiisn emigrants ; and contained in 1821 
a large market house, a place for public worsh^i, 
a lilmry and news-room, several mills, ttsd pre- 
parations were made for building a court house of 
brick. Popiaea 

Alhian^ p-v. Edwards co. Illinois. 

Aibirshmuen^ or Atberdututen^ v. Wirtemburg, 
baliwick of Goppingeo. Pop. 740. 

jf 16m, t Switseriand, 3 m. 8. W. Zurich. 

i^fttfola, V. Sardinia, 5 m. N. W. of Savona. 

AlhUuxrdamm^ v. S. Holland, at the entrance of 
Al blaas r. into the sea. Pop. 3,10a 

AlbUngen^ v. Switzerland, canton of Fribonrg, 
at the oonflox of &e Schwanwassen and the 
Sense. 

Albanm, or AhmuLf t. Austria, in Istria, on the 
gulf of Camero, on a rising ground near the mouth 
of Arsa r. 16 m. E. Rovigno. 

Alber^ t. on the coast of Portugal, in Algarve, 
3 m. £. Lagos. 

AWor^uL one of the Bahamas, between Neque 
and St. Salvador. 

Albonm^ ial. in the Mediterranean, bet. Capo 
de Gata in Spain, and Capo de Tree Forces in Af- 
rica. 

A&oran^ isl. N. Africa, near Melilla, on theeoast 
of Fez. Lon.2»3S'W. LaL 36" N. 

Albeum^U Ene. Wiltshire, on a river running 
into the KenaeL Pop.l,S60. 7m.fr. Marlborough, 
73 ft. Loodou. 

Al^mizeme^9^p. Morooeo, near its E. frontiers. 
Loo.20 54'£. Lat.SSMO'N. 

AtkrttkiakB^ t. Prussia, prov. of Oberland, 20 m. 
E. Maricnweder. 

AlbnehUtAlbefl^ or AruUmen^ v. Prnssian Sax- 
ony. Pop. 740. 3m.N. Suhlara. 

A&reda^ v. W. Africa, oa the Gambia, kingdom 
of Bam, where the French have a factory. Pop. 

Albert or Libretti. France, dep. of the Landes. 
Pop. 1^000. 

AlbnghlMy p-t. Orange co. N. C. 

Albufeira, s-p. Portugal, prov. Algarve. Pop. 
3,181 . 13 m. E. Villa-Nova de Portunao. 

AlbiJferai a salt-watar Jake 8. of Valencia, in 
Spain, tiie overflowings of the sea. It supplies Va- 
lencia with fish. 

AlkuUh or Albaek^ r.Switaerland, canton of the 
Grisons, falls into the JBUiine near Tussis. 

AttututeUuj t. Spain, in Granada, 12m.£. AI- 



AL C 



as 



AUmquerque^ t. castle, and domain, in ^An- 
ish Estremadura. Pop. 5,500. 20 m. N. Bada- 
Joe. 

Albuquerque^ t Mexico, on the Rio del Norte^ 
Pop. 6,000. 

Alburgf p-t. and port of entry. Grand Isle co. 
Vt. 40 m. N. Burlington. Pop. 1,106. 

Albjf, or Albif t. France, dep. of the Tarn. Pop. 
9,860 ; on the left bank of Tarn r. 12 leagues S. 
W. Rhodes, and 15 N. E. Toulouse. On Die side 
next Montauban is the village Chateauviettx, one 
of the suburbs. The prome^de, La Liee^ is very 
beautiful. The archiepisoopal palace on tlie 
banks of the Tarn, affords an extensive prospect 
The organ of the cathedral is one of the finest in 
France. The minufiictures are linen and wool- 
len stuffs, baize, and serge. Lon. 2^ 13^ £. LM. 
4y55'N. 

Alby^ V. Eng. York co. the Roman Dercenta : 
10 m. N. E. York. 

Aleaear de San Juon, i, Spain, in New Castile, 
43 m. a E. Toledo. 

Ateaear-de-SiUy t. Portuguese E>tremadura, on 
Caldao r. 38 m. S. E. Lisbon. Lon. 8* 22^ m. W. 
Lat.38^22'N. Pop. 2,200. 

AleaeovQif (At) t Portugal, in Alentejo, 14 m. S. 
W. Evora. 

Akala de Oievertj or Xibert, t. Spain, in Valen- 
eia, 15 leagues fr. Murviedro. Pop. 3,600. 

Jileala de Henaret, t Spain, in Toledo, 15 m. E. 
of Madrid. Pop. 5,000. It contains 3 parish 
churches, 28 cloisters for both sexes, 4 hospitals, 
and a university of 24 colleges, founded by cardi- 
nal Ximenes, in 1499. After Salamanca, it waa 
the seminary in greatest repute in Spain. That 
splendid edition of the Bible, TKe BibHa Con^lu- 
tentiOf so called from ComphUum^ the ancient 
name of this town, was put to press in 1512, and 
completed in 1517. 

Aleah la Real, t Spain, on a high elevatioki in 
Andalusia, 9 leagues fr. Jaen. It contains a rich 
abbey. Pep. 8,000. Lon. 4« lO' W. Lat ST 43" N. 

Aleamo, t Sicily, in the Val di Maczara, 1 
leaeue fr. the gulf Castele-a^Mure, 25 m. S. W. 
Pafermo. 

Aleanedey t Portuguese Estrenudnra, 19 m« ?• 
W. Thomar. Pop. 2,00a 

•^leofits, t Spam, in Arragon, on the Guada* 
loupe, 46 m. S. £. Saragossa. Pop. 4,200. 

Ateaniara^ t Spanish Estremadura, on the Ta* 
ffus, which is here crossed by an old Roman stone 
bridge. Its walls, bastions, and other works, are 
kept with care, as it is a frontier town. The trade 
is in wool and cloth. Pop. 3,000. 130 m. W. & 
W.Madrid. Lon. 6" 43' W. Lat 39* 40^ N. 

Ahaniara^ or AkaafUaHUoj i. Spain, in Seville, 
nearGuadalquiverr. The Roman bridge across 
the marshes formed by the river, is still remain- 
ing. 14 m. S. Seville. 

Aleaniara^ t. Brazil, in Maranham, on the bay 
St. Marcos, opposite the isl. Maranham. It is a 
thriving place, and its importance increases rap- 
idly, asUie lands in the neighbooihood are in re- 
quest for cotton plantations. It has a stone quay 
for small craft. 

AlearoM, t Spain, in La Manoha,on the Gnada- 
mena. Pop. 3,300. 54 m. E. Ciudad Real, 106 
S. S. E. Madrid 

.^feo/roMf, id. Pftcifio ocean. Lon. 102°30'W. 
L«t.l6*3'N. 

AleatroMy isl. off the W. coast of Africa, S. of the 
RioGwde, IaOO. 14''20' W. UtlO^^N. 



34 



A L D 



Alcauieie^ t Spain, in Andalusia, 8 Ictfnei E. 
& E. of Cordova, and 9 W. Jaen. Pop. 4,000. 

Alcetter^ or Abwuter^ t Eng;. Warwick co. at 
confluence of the Aln and Arrow, engaged in nee- 
dle making. Pop. 1,862. 8 m. N. W. Stratford 
on Avon, lOS N. W. London. 

AUmar^ or Aldcmaary t Netherlands, cap. of 
North Holland. Pop. 10^)00. They tnde in 
eom, cheese, butter, flower-roots, and seeds. A 
eanal leads through it to unite the Zuyderzee with 
the North sea. 24 m. N. N. \V. Amsterdam. 

Alcpiaer^ isl. South Pacific, on the N. coast of 
N«w Guinea. Lon. 135« 46' E. Lat. y SS* S. 

Akoa^ r. Portuguese Estremadura, flows into 
. Ihe Atlantic. 

Akobam^ t Portuguese Estremadura, near tiie 
eea, n ra. S. S. W. Leira. Pop. 1,600. 

Altohele, t, with a castle, Portuguese Estrema* 
dura, on the Tagus, opposite Lisbon. 

Aleolea^ t. Spain, in Andalusia, on the Guadal- 
oniTer, 6 m. N. of Carmona ; aim, a place on the 
Cinca, in Arragon, 15 m. S. Balbastro. 

Aleonrhel, fort of Portueal, in Estremadura, on 
the Alcaraque, 12 m. S. Olivenza. 

Akora, t. Spain, in Valencia, near the sea and 
•4he river Mijares. Here are the best manu&c- 
tnres of earthen ware in the kingdom. 
- AkouHnif t and castle, of Portugal, in Algarve. 
Pop. 1,000. 20 m. N. N. E. Tavira. Lon. T 24' 

w.Lat.srae'N. 

Ako^y t. Spain, in Valencia, with manuActures 
of cloth, soap, and paper. It has fruitful envvoos. 
Pop. 14,600. 20 m. N. Alicante. 

Akudiaj t in the N. E. part of the isL of Major- 
ea, opposite to Minorca. Pop. \fiO(k 

Akudia de Carki, t Spain, in Valencia. Pop. 
2;000. 5 learues S. Valencia. 
• AUttnj r. Siberia, rises on the confines of China, 
and joins the Lena in lon. 12r 20^ E. lat 63^ 25' 
N. On its banla, in Yakutsk, the finest sables are 
obtained. 

AUboroughy s-p.Eng. Suffolk co. on the Aid, 
with a quay for fishing vessels. Pop. l/)67. 3 m. 
•fr. Oxford, 94 fr. London. 

AMborough, t. Eng. West Riding of Yorkshire, 
•on the Ouse, the Roman Iturwm BriganHum ; 
Roman antiquities are still discovered here. Pop. 
-464. 1 m. fr. Borouehbridge, 208 fr. London. 

Aldbonvghj t. Middleaex co. Up. Canada, on 
'Lake Erie. 

Alde^ or O&fe, isl. on the coast of Norway. Lon. 
$*10^E.Lat6r26'N. 

AUea de Araguria, t Brazil, government of 
Ooyas, on the Toccantins. Lon. 49" 46^ W. Lat 

ways. 

Aidea de Cttngat^ t Brazil, on the Negro, 170 m. 
W. Fort Rio Negro. 

^IcfeatfeCtfrtia-tNifii, t Brazil, government of 
Goyas. Lon.52*5r W. Ut iriC S. 

AVktL dd Murtf, or Aktea dd Poeo,t Spain, m 
Old Castile, the Augusttfbriga of Ptolemy, 6 m. E. 
ioria. 

AUeudel Aio, v. Spain, in Cordova,4 leagues 
iram ABdujnr. Pop. 34)00. 

AUego, r. Upper lUly, runs into the Adige, be- 
tween Zerpano and Albaredo. 

Aldeherk^ v. Prussian grand dutohy of the Lower 
Rhine. Pop. 600. It has manu&ctures of si&, 
ribbons, linens, and odier stuffs. 

AUenah^ t Prussian grand dutchy of the Lower 
Rhine, 90 m. S. Cologne, 30 N. W. CoUentz. 

Aldinbef^i t IVussia, grand4«t«hy of the Lowwr 
Rhine, 12 m. N. £• Cologne. 



ALE 

Aldenhwrgt t Qermany, dutohy of Anhalt Bera- 
burr, 4 m./C. Bembni^. 

AUenham^ v. and parish, Eng. Hertfordshire, 
I m. E. of the Cohne. Pop. 14>15. 2 m. N. £. 
Watford. 

Aldenhovenj t Prussia, grand dutohy of the 
Lower Rhine. Pop. l/>5a 3 m. W. & W. Jul- 
ierv. 

Alderpwrghj t Eng. Wiltshire, near the Avon 
and Salisbury canaL It has a manufactory of fus* 
tian. Pop. 448. 3 m. fr. Salisbury, 77 fr. Lon- 
don. 

AUerhohnj isl. Sweden, in Norrland, fosmed by 
three branches of Gefle r. 80 m. N. Stoddiolm. 

AlderUjf Si^Mrior and Aldert^ hiferwy two 
townships, Eng. Cheshire. Pop. 965. 5 in. from 
Macclesfield, 172 fr. London. 

AUUrMy isl. of Great Britain in the English 
channel, 7 m fr. Cape la Hogoe in Normandy. 
The intermediate channel, called the Htoe of Al- 
demey, is of dangerous navigation in stormy 
weather. The island forms part of a chain extend- 
ing to the Caskets, whereon a light-house has been 
erected lately. Pop. 1,30a 18 m. N. £. Guera* 
sey. 

Aldemey^ J^ew. See Ourrj/^^hland, 

AlAa/a dt AiaXha^ t Portu^, in Aientejo, 5 m. 
jS. of Arronc^es. 

Aldtifa Oallega, t Portuguese Eetremadura, oa 
tiie Tafus, opposite Lisbon. Pop. 1,800. 

Aldfirdy U Eng. Cheshire. Pop. 391. 6 m. fr. 
Chester, 174 fr. Ldndon. 

Aldie, p-v. Loudon ca Va. 35 m. N. W. Wash- 
ington. 

Aldoma, r. Siberia, fidls into the aea of Okhotsk, 
at Aldomishbay. 

AldMtcne JHoor, or AUtane Jfoor, t. Ei^. Cum- 
berland CO. oa a hill, at the bottom of which is the 
river Tyne, crossed by a stone brid^. About 
1,100 men are employed in its lead nunes. Pop. 
5,079. 11 m. fr. Hexham, 19 fr. Penrith, 302 fr. 
London. 

AUee, r. Calabria Ultra, in Naples, falls into 
the sea near Cape Spartivento. 

Alegre, t France, dep. of the Upper Loire. 
Pop. 900. 18 leag^ues a S. E. Clermont-Ferrand. 

Al^rde^ t. Portugal, in Aientejo, 7^ miles S. & 
PorUlegre. Pop. 1,100. 

Aldueftkoiy t Asiatic Russia, 90 miles S. S. E 
Sinbirsk. Lon. 50" 14' E. Lat 53" 15' N. 

Aiembaddy^ or Alambaddy, t Hind, in Coimbe- 
toor, 74 miles E. S. E. Senngapatam. 

Akmparre^ or AUamparvoj fort of Hind, on the 
sea-coast of the Camatic, 57 m. S. W. Madras. 

Alm^ t Prussian grand dutchy of the Lower 
Rhine. Pop. 700 ; on the Weser, 13 m, S. S. E. 
Munster. 

Alen, r. Hanovar, hi Calenbei^, falls into the 
Weser, near Lippoldesberg. 

Aknbjfyt, Norway, 50 m. S. DrontheiuL 

Almoin^ t. France, cap. of the department of the 
Ome. The suburbs are St Blaise, Casau, Mont- 
sor, Labarre, and Lanoret Pop. 13^234. Its trade 
is in cloth, m linen, coarse and fine, but particu- 
larly in point-laoe. It has extensive tanneries, 
glatt-houses, and smelting houses. Ther^ are free 
itone quarries in ttie neighbourhood; and at the 
village of Hertre, about a league W. of the town, 
is found the mineral called the Alenoon djamond, 
which has equal lustre, thoughnot tbe same hard- 
ness, aa the true stone. 8 leagOM N. MonPi 10 8- 
a£.Caen,358.W.PMis. 



AL£ 

AlaiH9^ or wf fonldo, the largest prorince m 
l^ortogai^on the Atkntic. 108 m. in length and 
in brnidth; contains 4 cities, 105 towns, and 368 
perishes. Sq.m. 10,576. Pop. 380,480. Itisdi* 
rided into the Jnrisdictioos, Erora, Beja, Elvat, 
Partalem, Oonque, Villa Victosa, Crato and 
Atiz. Chief t ElYora. 

Aleppm^ padiaUc, A. Turkey, boonded N. by 
Adana and Merasche, E. by Orfii, S. by the desert 
of Arabia, Damascos, and Tripoli, and W. by the 
Mediterranean. Pop. 800,000. 

Aleppo^ city of Syria, capita] of the abore pa* 
chalic. It is on 8 small hUls, intersected by Ko- 
wick r. It is in circuit 3^ miles, and including 
the suboriia, 7 or 8. The city is surroonded by a 
wall, and has 9 gates. Near the N. E. comer is a 
caistle on a hill, encompassed by a ditch; a bridge 
of 7 arches is thrown oyer the ditch on the S. It 
is a magazine for military stores. Aleppo is the 
4th city of the Ottoman Empire, exceeded only by 
Constantinople, Cairo, and Dainascus. It is weu 



ALE 



35 



built. Tin streets are broader than usual in the 
East, are paved, and have two ibot-paths raised 
six inches high. The houses are surround^ by 
terraces, on which the inhabitants sleep in sum- 
mer. The seraglio or palace of tbe pacha is spa- 
cioos, with magniiioent gates. A distinct quarter 
of the city b Bilotted to Jews, and another to Eu- 
ropeans, like mosques are built of free stone, 
with a dome in the middle, covered with lead. 
About W caravanseras or inns, spacious quadran* 
ruW edifices one story high, sire dispersed through 
uie city, and coffee houses with a fountain in the 
middle, and a gallery for musicians. Pop. 250,000, 
diiedy Turks and Arabs; among them are 30,000 
Christians, and 5gQ00 Jews. Women are not 
«en in the streets of Aleppo after dusk. Its man* 
ufkctnres are of silk and cotton ; its exports, cloth 
from Anticxh, Merdin, Or& and Antab ; osnaburghs 
I'rom Aleppo and Damascus, and printed cot- 
tons fi«m Diarbdcer ; also galls, different drugs, 
copper, and a variety of other articles. The im- 
ports from Europe are cloths, Lyonese stuffs and 
bonnets after the &shion of Tunis, from France, 
merceries, indigo, tea, sugar, paper, soap, and a 
{Treat variety 3t coral ornaments, 4 caravans an- 
nually proceed through Natolia to Constantino- 
ple ; odiers arrive from Bagdad and Bassora with 
eoflfee brought from Mocha on the Red Sea, round 
the Persian gulf^; as also muslins and riiawls 
from India. Aleppo is healthy; but visited once 
in about 10 years by the plague. 70 m. 8. £. Al- 
exandrBtta, 234 N. Damascus. Lon. 37" IfTRLat 
36'irN. 

Aleppo, t Green co. Pa. Pop. 570. 

Aleria^ t on the £. coast of the IsL of Corsica, 
!20 m. S. E. CortB. 

jSkMkanp^ maricet t Eu. Turkey, in the £. of 
Wallachia, on Chricou r. 

AkaMi^orAieis^t. and fort, Russia in E. No- 
gal, cap. of a circle in Taurida. 

Alahamt ^ ApUduan^ t Eng. Norfolk ca near 
Thyn r. Tbe chief manufacture is stockin||i, 
Hera is a mineral spriqg, deemed efllcacious m 
chronic dbeaaesL Pop. K760. 12 m. N. Norwich, 
121 N.N.E. London. 

AktMmdria or ^kxandriih t. SavdSna, with a 
cHadel onflie £. bank of the Tanarano. It is the 
seeof a bishop, who belongs to the archiepiscopal 
diocese of Ttirin. It contains a cathedral, 12 parishp 
cs, 2 coltogiate churches, 17 monasteries and nun- 
BeriaL np. 36^8. Its fkirs in April and Oeto- 
bBTi v% •tfcwiiJtd by nmchaiiti from Italy, Fnuioa, 

4 



and Switzerland. 38 m. a W. Miha, 44 E. To- 
rin. 

AUitano^ L Naples, in Terra d^Otranto, 12 m, 
9. & W. Otranto, 200 £. & £. Naples. Pop. 
7,000. 

^?emo,t Turkey in Albania, 12 wu N. Duns* 
zo, and 96 S. E. Ri^^usa. 

Aktk, t. France, on Aude r. dep. of the Andift. 
Pop.l,00a 

AUutan or AltuHan lUandt^ a duJn of ishuyli 
in the N. Pacific ocean, stretching from the Pe- 
ninsula of Kamtschatka in Asia, to Cape Alaska 
in North America, under the government of Iik« 
nrtzk, in Russia ; about 40 in number. Several vol- 
canoes exist among these Islands and earthquakei 
are common. Behring's Island, Attoo, and Oona« 
Ushka, are the largest Lat Sd*" N. Lon. IQ^"* tO 
1 96" £. Only a few are inhabited. 

Alexttin, v. France, dep. of the Mayenne, 4 
leagues N. Laval. 

Alexander^ bay, on the E. coast of the CaapifA 
sea. Lon.7r25'£.Lat43»37,N, 

AUsxander^etLjoe on the W. coast of New Geor« 

G' L, one of the Solomon's islands. Loo. 168* 6' £• 
t.6* 46' S. 

Alexander^ cape on the S. coast of an isL at tha 
entrance of Duncan's canal, in the N. Pacifio 
ocean. Lon.227*18'E. Lat66'3e'N. 

Alexander, p-t Genesee co. N. Y« 6 m. S. Bata* 
via. Pop. 1,496. 

Akxanier, t Athens co. Ohio. Pop. 837. 

Alexander, co. Illinois, at the angle between 
Ohio and Mississippi rivers. Pop. in 1820, 626t 
Engaged in agriculture, 116. 

Alexander*t Peak^ group among the Aladin isl, 
in the S. part of the Mergui archipelago. Lat. 9" 8^ N. 

Alextmdertfille, v. Montgomery co. Ohio, on 
Miami r. 7 m. below Dayton. 

Alexandretia, or Seanderoon, s-p. Syria, at the 
S. £. part of a bay in the Mediterranean. Its road 
is the only one in Syria affording good anchorage. 
It is unhealthy owing to the miasmata from uia 
marshes, and proves fatal to the crews of vessels, 
Europeans seek refuge in summer in the neigh- 
bouring village of Beilan. About half a mile 3. 
is an octagonal castle, built of hewn stone, Tha 
walls are low, but each side is defended by a tpw<* 
er. To the N. is an old square tower, inaooessibla 
on account of the morass, 30 m* N. Antioch, 7Q 
N. W. Aleppo. 

Alexandria, t. Russia, in Cherson, 70 m. W. Eka^ 
terinoslav, 150 S. W, Kiev. Lon. 32" 52' E. Lat, 
48'25'N. 

Alexandria, t Russia, in Volhynla, on the Ho* 
vyn, 60 m. E. S. £. Lucko. Lod. 26^ 20' £. Lat 
60^ 46' N. Alexandria is also the name of a num- 
ber of small places throughout Russia, partioalar* 
ly in Pultowa, and Ekatcrinoslav, 

Alexandria, city, ancient capital^of Egypt, found* 
ed 331 A. C. by Alexander the Great On an isU 
and opposite to tho mouth of the harbour, is tha 
pharoa, or light house, one of the wonders of tha 
ancient World. Alexandria formerly engrossed tha 
commerce of India; goods being brought up tha 
Red sea, landed at Bemiee, carried across to tha 
Nile, there embarked and conve^ down the river, 
and through a canal from its main bank, to the city. 
Itwas the centre of all sciences connected with 
mathematics, astronomy, and geography; thoea 
learned men only were valued who had been bre4 
in its school. The library surpassed all others 
which antiquity could boast The discovery of 
tha Capa of Good Hope tnunfiured tha Mia 



96 



ALE 



trade to a difierent chaxmeL Alexandria is aiiua* 
ted* at the W. extremity of the Egyptian coast, 
on the borders of the Lybian desert, upon a neck 
qf land, between the sea and lake Mareotis. It 
communicates with the Nile by a canal, which al« 
■o supplies the cit^ with water. The old town is 
partly inclosed with walls nearly six miles in cir- 
cumference ; but the ruins of the ancient city can 
b^ traced over three times that circuit Pompey's 
pillar is 94 or 95 feet hirh, composed of 3 pieces 
of the finest granite, one for the pedestal, another 
for the shaft, and the third for the capitaL The 
mean diameter is 7 feet 9 inches. The two obe- 
lisks, one thrown down and the other standing, 
Tubularly called Cleopatra^i J^Teedla^ are each 58 
feet 6 inches high, and the breadth of the base is 
7 feet. They are composed each of a siqgle block 
of granite, and entirely covered with hieroglyph- 
ics. The reservoirs with which ancient Alexan-, 
dria was supplied with water, excavated the whole 
cround npon which that city stood. A conduit, 
from the canal of Cleopatra, extended the whole 
length of the city, conducting the w^ier into the 
cisterns. The catacombs begin at the extremity 
of the old city, and extend idong the coast; they 
consist of small sepulchral grottos cut in the rock, 
vhich is a soft calcareous substance ; the interior 
of the galleries is ^astered with mortar, difScult 
to break; eachcavityoontained three coffins piled 
over each other. New Alexandria is built chiefly 
along the coast The population has been estima- 
ted as high as 20/)00, though the settled residents 
may not exceed 5,0d0. Turks compose the offi- 
cers of government and the garrison; the Copts 
are numerous, but held in contempt The mer- 
cantile transactions are in the hands of the Jews. 
The approach from the W. is difficult, the Lybian 
shore being a dead fiat, presenting no object per- 
ceptible at a distance. The first land-mark is two 
eminences, with a tower on each, called Aboukir. 
There are two harbors, the old and the new : the 
old harbor is safe, and affords a sufficient depth of 
water ; the new is shallow, has a rocky bottom, 
a:^ is exposed to the N. winds, which blow with 
jfihi violence, Lon. 30" 5' E. Lat 31** 16* N. 

AUxandriOj t Washington co. Maine, 30 m. N. 
of Machias. 

AUxcnyiriOy t Gradon co. N. H. 27 m. N. of 
Concord. Pop. 707. 

Akxandrioy p-t. Hunterdon, N. J. Pop« 2,271. 

Alextmiria^^t Huntington cp. Pa. 89 m. W. 
Harrisburg, 10 N. W. Huntington. Pop. 280. 

AUxttnariOj co. District of Columbia. Pop. 
^except the city) 1,485; slaves 422; engaged m 
agriculture, 306; in commerce 32; in manufac- 
tures, 50. 

Alexandria^ city, and port of entry, in the Dis- 
trict of Columbia, on the W. bank of the Poto- 
mac, 7 m. S. of Washington. The public build- 
ings are a court house, and 6 churches, viz : 2 for 
presbyterians, 2 for episcopalians, 1 for quakers, 
and 1 for Roman Catholics. Pop. 8,218; slaves, 
1,335. It has a commodious harbor, sufficiently 
deep for the largest ships, and is a plaice of exten- 
live trade, especially in the article of flour. Ex- 
ports in 1810, |930,634. Shipping in 1816, 11,811 
tons. 

Alexandria^ p^t in the parish of Rapide, Loui- 
siana, on Red river, 120 m. from its mouth, 80 
below Nackitosh, And 350 by water from New-Or- 
leans. It is laid out regularly in squares. On the 
pabUc square atands aa elegant court house of 



AL F 

brick, now erecting. The Collie of Rapide is 
a large handsome brick building. There is t 
steam saw and iprist mill, half a mile below the 
town. Alexandria is a flourishing place, and ii 
settled almost wholly by Americans. 

Alexandria^ p-t Campbell county, Ky. 

Alexandria^ t Scioto co. Ohio, on the Ohio river 
at the month of the Scioto, which separates it 
from Portsmouth, 45 m. S. Chillicothe. 

Alexandriana^ p-t Mecklenburg co. N. C. 157 
m. S. W. Raleigh. 

Alexandrmkoj settlement, Asiatic Russia, in 
Caucasus, on Kuma r. Pop. 448. 

Alexandrwikaia^ fort, Russia, in Ekaterinoalav, 
on the Dnieper, 40 m. below Ekaterinoslav, 114 
N. E. Cherson. 

Alexandrowj chief t. of a circle, in Yladimir, 
Russia. Here was erected the first printing press 
in Russia. 48 m. E. Moscow. 

AlexandroWf or Akxandnmka^ t Russia in Po- 
dolia. 

Alexiewka^ t Russia, in Saratov, on the ex- 
treme limit of Europe. 

Akxin^ t. Russia, in Thoula, on the Oka. 

Alexin, t Wallachia, 48 m. N. E. Bucharest 

Altxitj p-t Nackitoshco. Louisiana. 

Alexo, isL of the Atlantic, on the coast of Per- 
nambuco, Brazil. 

Alexopolj cap. of a circle, in Pultawa, Riwia, 
30 m. S. Pultawa. 

AlfaeoTy t Spain, 5 m. N. E. Granada. 

Alfaha, SeeHalfaia. 

Alfimdegada Fe, t Portugal, in Tras los Monte;, 
12 m. N. Torre de Monoorvo. 

Al/aquetj harbor, Spain, in the mouth of the 
Ebro, 9 m. S. Tortosa. 

Alfaro, t. Spain, at the conflux of the Alamaaoti 
Ebro. Pop. 4,700. 9 m. a W. Tudela. 

Alfja^fOf t W. Africa, on the Kalinkie r. which 
falls into the Rio Grande, 60 m. from the sea, and 
80 S. W. Teemboo. 

w9^e/d;t Hanover, on Leiner. Pop. 2^76. 15m. 
S. Hildesheim, and 30 S. Hanover. 

Alfeld, V. grand duchy of Baden, 4 m. N. Nei- 
denaa. 

AlJeOy or Carbon, r. the larsest in the Mores, 
falls into the Ionian sea, on the W . coast, 6 m. from 
Oljrmpia. Oto its banks were held the Olympic 
games. 

Alfeo, r. isL of Sicily, empties into the Mediter- 
ranean at Syracuse. 

Alfordj t England, Lincolnshire. Pop. 1,169. 
30 m. E. Lincoln, 140 N. London. 

Alford, V. Scotland, Aberdeen co. near which a 
battle was fought in July 1645, between the Roy- 
alists under Montrose, and the covenanters com- 
manded by Baillie, who was defeated. 15 m. S.W> 
Inverury, 28 N. W. Aberdeen. 

Alfordy t. Berkshire co. Mass. Pop. 570. 

AtfintTt store, p-v. Hancock co. Georgia, 42 m. 
N. Mflledgeville. 

Affordmile, p-v. Robeson co. N. C. 

Atfordttown, t and cap. Moore co. N. C. 30 n 
W.N.W.Fayettevflle. 

Alfred, t Prescott co. U. Canada, on Ottawa r. 

Alfred, p-t and half shire, York co. Maine, 24 
m.N. ofYork. Pop. 1,271. 

A^red, p-t AUegfaany co. N. Y. 10 m, S. £. An- 
gelica. Pop. 1,701. 

Alfreion, market t England, Deiby co. in which 
stocungs and earthen ware are manufactured 
PopTa^. 14 m. W. Derby, 141 N. London. 



A L 6 

^ilgmkh s-p. W. coast of the isl. ofConiea, at 
fheeffibottehureoftheAreffno into the Mediterra- 
ueao, « JD. N. N. £. Calvi, 38 S. W. Bastia. 

^ijptrs, or JShtsn^ r. Spain, in Cuenea, which 
iUIs into the CabrieL 

JUgQT^ t Spain, in Andalusia, 8 laagnes from 
XereE de la Frontera. 

Aigar, Cape, on the N^ W. coast of the isL of 
Majorca. 

AlgOTDOi ^ ^igarHOf the S. proyinoe of Portu- 
gal, bonDded on the W. and S. by the Atlantic 
Sq. mila, 2,780. Pop. 127,615. 

Algtttj r. Spain, in Arragoo, which fidls into the 
Materana near N«uia8pe. 

.4^811, fonnerly a district of Suabia, now diri- 
ded between BaTaria, Wirtemberg and Baden. It 
lie«i between the lake of Constance, the Lech, the 
Danube and the Tyroleee Alps. 

Aigamiit or Atganetia, t. Spain, in Valencia ; 
near which grow great quantities of Pita, of which 
the J make cordage, and spin a thread fine enough 
for lace. 18 m. S. Valencia. Pop. 4,500. 
' Algtfi, or Al^ierit t on the W. coast of Sardin- 
ia, 79 m. N. W. Carliari. 

AlpAemi^ a widled t grand dutdiy of Hesse 
Darmstadt Pop. 1^430. 

Algairni^ a maratime t Spain, in Andalusia, on 
the ^ulf of Gibraltar, between Cape Algeziras 
and tfie rock of Gibraltar ; hence it is often called 
Okl Gibraltar. Pop. about 4,500; 7 m. W. Gib- 
raltar. 

.%/Use, t Aoctrian Italy, in Bresdano, on Sav- 
arona r. Pop. 3^000. 

Algtaty N. Alrica, one of the Barbery states, on 
the Mediterranean, between Morocco and Tunis, 
extendingS. to the Atlas mountains. It is the ancient 
Numidia and Mauritania Tingitania. The moun- 
Uios are coTered with vineyards and forests, ex- 
cept Juijura, 60 miles S. E. Algiers, whose top is 
covered with sDow during great part of the year. 
The largest river is Shelliff, which has a course of 
3U0 miles ; the Adjidi rolls S. into the desert, and 
Bloet in a lake on its borders. The soil produces 
wheat and barley, and all the fruits and vegeta- 
bles of Europe. It contains mines of lead and iron. 
.Vear the la)^ of Marks is a solid mountain of salt, 
and the lake when it dries up in summer, leaves 
its bed deeply incrusted with it The salt pits 
near Arzew are about 6 miles in compass. The 
manufiictures consist in silk, particularly sashes 
and handfcerchiefe, and in caxpets, and a coarse 
kind of Unen. Hie exports are coral, wool, bees 
wax, ship timber, ostrich feathers, grain, pulse, 
hides, goat and sheep skins, camel^ hair, cattle, 
sheep, of the~annual value of 4S,175L The im- 
ports consist of European manufatctm-ea and colo- 
oial produce. Linens, muslins, and hardware are , 
prominent artidea. The towns are inhabited by 
Moors, Jews, uid Turks', with a few Europeans ; 
the plain country by the Arabs ; and the moun- 
tains by Brebers, or Berebbers. See Barbary, 
Algiers b divided into 3 provinces : the W. or 
Tlemsam or Tremeoen borders on^orocoo; chief 
towns, Tlerasan and Qran : the central or Algiers 
proper; and the E. or Constantina ; chief towns, 
Conatantina and Bona. 

Algierif city, capital of the above country, on 
the Mediterranean, and on the declivity of a hUl, 
OQ whidi the houses rise gradually in the form of 
%a amphitheatre, and terminate nearly in a point 
at the summit it is U niles in cncuit The 
largest street is not above IS feet wide, in which 
are the iMDwona of the opulent, the warehouses of 



A LI 



27 



the princiii»1 merchants, and the markets for com, 
bread, meat, fish, ftc. Pop. estimated from 180,000 
to 300,000. The lar^ buildings are the dey's 
pdace and the seraglio, both of great magnitude 
with marble pillars of curious workmanship. It 
has 60 mosques ; the finest is GO feet by 40, three 
stories high, and supported by pillars of white 
marble, imported from Genoa ; the walls are of 
white stcme, brought from the ruins of Oran 
Aqueducts convey water from the country to 160 
founteins, dispersed through the city. Round 
the city is a wall about a league in ciroumlerence ; 
12 feet thick, thirty feet high towards the land side, 
and 40 feet towards the sea. It is strengthened by^ 
fortifications at its 5 gates. Theharbor is formed 
by two moles, one running N. and the other N. £• 
and meeting at an islandcalled the Lantern. It 
is 130 fethoms long, 80 broad, and 15 feet deep. 
The entrance is defended by a round castle and 
batteries of brass runs. Lon. 3* 90^ E. Lat. 36" 

Algauy isl. Sweden, on the W. side of the gulf of 
Bothnia. Lon. \^^ E. LaL SS" ^ N. 

Algonquim^ Indians, a large tribe in the neigh^ 
borhood of the Assiniboins, on both sides of the 
line which divides the U. S. from U. Canada, W. 
of the Mississippi. 

Algom, t Portugal, in Tras los Montes, fiO m. 
W. S. W. Miranda deDuero. 

AlgriMUm-Hfody promontory on the N. W. coast 
of Scotland, Ross co. Lon. 5* 44' W. Lat bT AiHf N. 

Aihama, t Spain, in Murcia. Pop. 3,500. 

Alhamoy t Spain, in Granada, at the foot of a 
hill, cm Montril r. 26 m. S. W. Granada. 

Alhama le Seeoj t Spain, in Granada, 10 m. N. 
N. W. of Abneria. 

Alhambra^ t Spain, in Arragon, 7 m. S. Teruel. 

Alhambra. See OranadOf Town (f, 

Alhamrud, t Persia, iq Maxanderan, on the S. 
coast of the Caspian sea,30m. W. Fehrabad. Lon. 
Sr 30' E. Lat 35*48' N. 

AlhandrOf t. in Portuguese Estremadura, on the 
Tagus, 15 m. N. E. Lisbon. Pop. 1350. 

AlhauTf r, Natolia, which runs into the Sakaria, 
8 m S. Almeria. 

AUumrin, v. Spain, in Granada, 3 leagues S.W. 
Mahifa. 

A^l Fedr98, t Portugal, in Estremadura, 6 m, 
S. E. Lisbon. 

AHabadj v. Persia, in Maxanderan, 30 m. S, E. 
of Fehrabad, and 39 N. E. of Teheran. 

AUabaUt isL in the Caspian sea, near the W. 
coast Lon.eS^O'E. LatdS'S'N. 

Aliantkoij fort, Russia, 120 m. S.W. Kolhyvane. 
Lon.7y34'E. LatsrsO'N. 

AHbeg-keriy t Eu. Turkey, in Bulgaria, 24 m. 
E. Salittria. 

AHeOf t Italy, in Tuscany, 29 m. W. S.W. Flor- 
ence. 

AHeanij t Ceylon, 10 m. S. Calitoor. 

AUeanie^ t Spain, in Valencia, on a peninsula 
in a bay of the Mediterranean. The harbor is 
one of the best in Valencia. 37 m. N. E. Murcia, 
75 & Valencia. Pop. 16,95a Don. 9* %i' W. Lat 
38»36'N. 

./IKcalo, fortified t on the S. coast of the Val dl 
Maaara, Sicily, 18 m. E. 8. E. Gii^ti. 

AUeudiy wAHeuri^ one of the Lipari islands in 
tfie Mediterranean, 15 m. W. Liparu 

Alieun^ t. Spain, 12 m. from Granada. 

AUgfu^, one of the Philippine idands. Lat 9^ 
61' nT 

Atigne, See ^ofTont. 



so 



A LO 



' ^lMefMffa2,t Chili, 3 mOes from Valpaniio. 

Atfntndraino, U in Spaniah Estremadura, IS HL 
AMerida. 

Ahnendro^ t Spain, in Seville, 18 m. N. N. E. 
Ayamonte. 

^Mieneeftoyt France, dep. of the Orne, 18 m« 
N. Alenoon. 

jUmeriOy a maritime town, Spain, 64 m. S. £• 
Granada, on a irulf of the same name. Pop. 
7,200. 

AkrnnOj L Mezioo^ on the coast, 50 m. N. Vera 
Cmz, 160 m. E. Mexico. 

Abniranie^ r. Florida, runs S. £. into Penncola 
bay. 

AimrmUey Bay^ coast .of Veraf^ia, on the N. 
coast of the latlmiaB of Darien. At its entrance 
are many small islands and hidden roelci. Lat. 
S'S'N.Lon.sraO'W. 

~ Abmiua^ s-p. Dalmatia, 16 m. from Spalatro. 
Pop. 1,600. 

Abnodocar^ t. Portugal, in Alentejo, 9 m. S. Ott- 
riqae. 

AboMdotar^ del Campo^ t Spain, in La Mancha, 
18m.S.CittdadReal. Pop. 3,000. 

AknodovardelPinarf t. Spain, 26 m. £. 8. E. 
Cnenca. - 

Ahnantueidj t Spain, New Castile, 9 m. 8. £. 
Toledo. Another, 16 m. S. Leon. 

Abnonburv^ L England,. in Yorkshire, 1 m. from 
Huddersaeld. Pop. 4,613. 

.tflmoniiir. Scotland, flows into'the frith of Forth, 
6 m. N. W. Edinbiuvh. 

Abnond^ r. Scotland, runs into the frith of Tay. 

Abnont, t Persia, in Matanderan, 90 m. S. W. 
FehraUd. 

AbnorUe, t Spain, in Seville, 16 m. S. E. Mo- 
guer. 

Abnora^ a subdivision of Kemaon, N. £. part of 
Hind, separated from the British territory by a 
lofty range of mountains, and subject to the rajah 
of Nepal. Its capital, Ahnora, is in Ion. 79° 40^ £. 
Lat. 29° 35' N. 

Abnttadi, U Sweden, 4 m. E. Christianstadt. 

Abnunda^ U Hind. 14 m. S. W. Vizianagram. 

Abnuneear^ t. Spain, has a good harbour, and a 
casUe, 36 m. S. S. W. Granada. Pop,2,000. 

Abnuniih t. Spain, in Arragon, 22 jn. from Sar- 
agossa. Pop. 3g000, 

Abnurradidj t. Spain, in La Mancha, 24 m.from 
Mansanarez. 

Abui^ formerly ^fiew MUford, p-t. Lincoln co. 
Maine, 10 m. N. Wiscamet. It is a flouring frrm- 
ing town. Pop. 978. 

Abfwnauihy AUmmUh^ or Alemouth^ s-p. Eng. in 
Northumberlandshire, at the mouth of the Alne. 
6 m. from Alnwick. Pop. 353. 

jf Mtotdfc, or Abnemek^ t. Eng. Northumberland^ 
shire, near the river Aine, once fortified, 34 m. 
N. N. W. Newcastte. Pop. 5^26. 

AbMfficki L Northumberland co. Up. Canada, on 
Rice Lake, W. Kingston. 

Abvtnekf t Northumberland co. New Bruns- 
wick, on the sea coast 

Abuy^ isl. E^. in the Severn, near tiie city of 
Gloucester, Ine single combat between Ed- 
mund Ironside and Canute the Dane, took place 
here. 

Along f r. Asia, which runs into the gulf of Si- 
am. Lon. 100" 21' £. Lat8^4aN. Alsoatown, 
on this river, 30 m. N. N. W. of Ligor. 

AlMf StraiUf in the Eastern seas, between Lo- 
mablem and Pantar isles. 



ALR 

Atmhoj r. Syria, flows into the Mediterranean. 
2 m. 8. Bairout 

Ahroj t. Spain, in Granada, 18 m. N. W. Mal- 
aga. 

AhrCf t Hind, in Dowlatabad, on the Godavery, 
30m.£. Nander. 

Abtrm^ isL on the E. side of the gulf of Bothnia. 
Lon.22"l8'E. Lat.63"36'N. 

Ahmo, t Hind. 8 m. N. Goa. 

Aloim^ Cope^ of the island of Elba. 

AM^ or AaUt^ t Netherlands, in Flanders, on 
the Dender, which is navigable to the town. 13 m. 
S. E. Ghent, 15 N. W. Brussels. Pop. ll^qOO. 

AlotOj t on the coast of Corsica, near the gulf of 
Ajaccio. 

Ahalhaot v. Portugal, in Alentejo, 14 m. N. N. 
W. Portalegre. Pop. 1,200. 

Alpedrumoy t Portugal, in Beira, 13 m. N. N. £• 
CasteUo-Branco. 

AlpeiriMy market t in Portuguese Estremadora, 
8 m. S. W. Leiria. 

Aipermmehy t. in the Black Forest, near Horn- 
berr. Pop. 1,300. 

Alphm. t. Holland, on the Rhine, between Ley- 
den and Woerden. Pop.2,00a 

Alpbaru t Netherlands, in Dutch Brabant Fop. 

i,ooa 

AlptUngton^ v. Eng. in Devonshire, 2 m. from 
Exeter. Fop. 911. 

Alphomo^ isl. in the Indian sea. Lon. 54" 50^ E. 
Lat 7" 4' 3. 

Aljmadi^ or .^ttfiodb/, t Switzerland, in Under- 
walden, 6 m. S. Lucerne. 

A^tmf Feechio, r. Italy, in the Veronese, &lls 
into the Adige. 

Alpmtr, t Hind. 100 m. W. 8. W. Hydrabad. 
Lat16°40'N. 

A^y mountains, Europe, divide Italy from 
Fhmoe, Switserland, and Germany ; the^ are in 
the form of a crescent, and are divided mto the 
Maritime, the Cottian, the Grecian, the Pennine, 
the Rhoetian, the Tyrolese, and Tridentine indu- 
diog those of Suabia, the Noric, the Caraic, and 
the Julian. The maritime Alps are so called from 
their proximity to the Mediterranean. Over the 
Pennine Alps, alons Mount Simplon, Bonaparte 
passed into Italy tolgfat the battle of Marengo, in 
1800. The Alpine mountains are in hei^t from 
4^000 to 12^)00 feet, separated onljr by narrow 
vallies. Mont Blanc is 16,500 feet high, being the 
highest mountain in Europe. It is in Savoy, and 
is seen from Dijon and Langres, a distance of 140 
miles. 

Alp9j the SwAianj or Wirtemhergy a chain of 
mountains, 70 miles in length, and from 16 to 20 in 
breadth, whkh separates the channel of the Dan- 
ube from that of the Neckar, and occupies the S. E. 
comer of the kingdom of Wirtemberff. It is a con- 
tinuation of the mountain tract eaUed the Black 
Forest 

Alpt^ iMwety dep. of Franca, formed of the N. £• 
part of Provence. Extent, S73 sq. leagues. Fop. 
^47,9ia 

•tflMy Upptt^ dep. of France, having N. and E.^ 
the Cottian Alps, which separate it from Pied- 
mont £xtent, 251 sq. leagues. Pop. 121^23. 

Akafmrd^ t Eng. in Southamptonrikire, 6 m. N. 
E. Winchester. 

AhrtMMM^ V. and parish of Eng. Staflbrddiire, on 
the Trent Pop. 1,121. 7 mu N. £. LitchfiekL 

Alnt^ isL m the gulf of Honen^ in Jutland. 
Lan.lO'30'£.Lat.66'62'N. 



ALT 

Jlmttf pronnoe of Fnnee, now formed inta the 
depaitmcDts of the l^pptr and Lower Mine, 

jiimee,L^BikBco.F^ Po|>. 1,64a 

,4l$dUaumf a castle in Suahia, near Biberach, 9 
m.S.Biicfaaii» FopA^BOQ, 

AUeny isL in the Baltic, lyin^ between lal. Fa- 
Den and the £. coast of Sleswkk. Pod. 16^. 
Sponheim. Fi 



ALT 



31. 



*op. 1,100. 9 



AlienMf y. Bavaria, in I 
m. S. Krsutsiacfa. 

AlrfeU t. Ciennany, in Hesie. 
m. M. E. Frankfort on the Maine. 

AUhath, province of Great Bukhariaf on the 
rirar Sibon. Let 43^ N. 

j^iiftciM^aniarkett.inHeiM. Fop. 1^090. 10 m. 

Abmpnad^ ttmit in the Baltic, near Bonder- 
burs, sepaiateB the iaL of Alsen from the main land 
ofSeswielc. 

JUebatf or AUMtben^ t and cartle of Pmiiia, 
in the dntdiy of Mekgdebnig, on the Saale. P<^ 
l/RO. 9m. 9. & W. Benbiug. 

AUo'St^ V. Hungary, in Gomor oo. Much 
qniekiilver and dnonbar are obtained here. 

.iliHaAyt in Sasbe- Weimar. Pop^ 620. 28 m. 
5.M.E.£riVifi. 

Aktemdfj^ Cheihire oo. N. H. 38 m. W. of 
Concord. Pop. I46II. 

AbitHf t Eng. in Lancadiire, 4 m. fr. Preston. 
Pop. 609. 

wfMen,t5.C.near the sea, 20 m. W. Brmis- 
wick. 

Alncangi or Alntan^^ castle and t on the Bal- 
tic, in Courland, Rnsna, 10 m. W. Goldinren. 

^totemta, bay on the N.E. coastof Cuba. 

AUa OraeiUj city and cap. of Setagos, in 
New Granada; alao, t Bnenos-Ayres, 90 m. a 
S. W. Cordova ; 3 settlements in Guiana ; one in 
Tucoman; and one in Venemela. 

Altaij mountains in Asia, commence near the 
Ka of Aral, and terminate on the Pacific ocean at 
East cape, in Ion. 170" W. They traverse about 
5g000 miles under difierent names, the Kolhyvan- 
Voskicsents, KorlMlokinak, Alaskaia, Oubinsk, or 
Vobradc, BuktarminskjTeletBk, Tcharinsk, Kun- 
dzk, Krasnoyank. The highest part of the chain 
is computed to be 10,730 feet above the level of 
the Ka. They contain iron, copper, and lead ore, 
and gold and suver mines. Here was found an in- 
sulated mass of native iron of 1,440 lbs. weight. 

AUamakm, %&t AhianuiheL 

AUammut t Naples, prov. of Bari, at the foot 
of the Apennines. Fop. 15,000. 6 m. N. £. Gra- 



AU&r^ t Meadco, prov. of Sononu The name 
also of a loC^ mountain of Quito. 

AUarad, See And, OUL 

AUamUOf t Nicies, in Principato Citra, 18 m. 
S.E.Saleno. Pop.2,390. 

AUbniMmdu SeeBreitoeft. 

AUburg, T. Germany, in Wirtemberg. Pop. 
l,40a 

AUmOf t, FrasBan grand dutehy of the Lower 
Rhine, on the Lenne and Nette. Pop.3,30a aOm. 
N.£.Cok«ne. 

AUen/a. a diatiiet in S. Holland, bet the Maese 
and BiesDocfa. 

AlitnoH, a mining t of Hanover, in the Harts, 
9 m. fr. Goslar. Pop^ 1,100. 

AUmbeekmf v. Prussian grand dutehy of the 
Lower Rhine, 3 m. £. of L^pspring. Near it is 
a prodactire iron mine. 



AUenbergj, t, in the mining country of Saxony, 
18 m. 8. ofDresden. Pop. 1,380. 

AlUnbmdtf or Oldminekg t Hanover, 27 m. N. 
W.ofStade. Pop. 2,600. 

AUenliwrgj princip^tyin Germany, which is 
divided into two parts by the county of Gera. It 
belongs to the house of Gotha, and is now parti- 
tionedf between the branches of Gotha andSaal- 
feld. The former possesses seven faailiwickB, in 
which there are 616 square miles, and 96,000 in- 
habitants. The soil A this part is very produe-' 
tive, the stock of cattle good, and the people in- 
dustrious and oomfortabie. The Saalfeld portion 
consists of three bailiwicks, of 154 square mil js, 
and about 26,000 inhabitants. The states of the 
principality are composed of nobility, and of the 
deputies of the towns of Altenburg, Saalfeld, and 
Eissenbei^. 

AiUnbwrf, capw of the above principality, was 
formerly a free town of the empire. Pop. 9,500* 
20 m. 8. Leipeic 

AUenburgy or Htm^ortan AUenbvarg, t Hunga- 
ry, at the influx of the Leitha into the Danube. It 
has an active trade in homed cattle and fruit 17 
m. S. of Presbuiig, 40 S. £. Vienna. Pop. 3,400. 

AUenbwg, t with a medicinal bath, on the 
Danube^ in Lower Austria, near the frontier! of 
Hungary. 

AUefUmrg, market t in Transylvania, on White 
Korosch river. 

AUenburgy market t in Lower Austria, on the 
confines of Moravia, 14 m. fr. Crems. 

AUendorrij t Westphalia, 37 m. £. Cologne. 

Altengardy t Sweden, in Dronthein. Pop. 
1,973. Lon.23'4'£. Lat69*'58'N. It is the most 
nprthem place in Europe where agriculture is 
pursued. 

AUenkeimf t Baden, on the Rhine. Pop. 1,300. 

AUenhnfen, market t Austria, in Carinthia, on 
the Metnitz, with acasUe. 4 m. N. E. Veit 

AUenkif^ien, t Prussian Cleves and Bei^g. It 
was the scene of several obstinate conflicts behveen 
the French and Austrisoas in 1796. 15 m. N. N. £. 
Coblentz. 

AUerOeinhtnj market t. of Pomerania, near the 
point of the peninsula. 

AUenUmdtbergy t Prussia, in Brandonbuig. Pop. 
1,027. 

Alienmarkt, or AUemujtthij a market t in Up- 
per Bavaria, 26 m. N. W. Saltsbur^. 

.^/teitiiMrik/, two market towns m the Austrian 
dominions ; one near the Ens, in Styria, 14 m. N. 
£. Rottenmann ; the other in Lower Austria, 4 m. 
S. W.Baden. 

AUm-OeiHngenf t Bavaria. Pop. 1,400. 

AUtmiadtf v. France, in Lower Alsace, 9 leagues 
N. N. E. Strasbuig. Pop. 1,000. 

Altemtadtj v. Wirtemberg. Pop. 500. 

AlUnsUigy t with a castle, in Lower Austria, 55 
m. N. W. Vienna. Pop. 1,000. 

AlientfWy t in the Prussian province of the 
Lower Rhme, 60 m. E. Dusseklorl 

AltenwerdeTy Hanover, an island in the Elbe, be- 
longing to Lunebui^. Pop. 1,015. 

Alter ie CAoen, t Portugal, in Alentejo, 84 m. 
£. N.E. Lisbon. 

AUgBbharUdorf, v. Saxony, in the 3. E. of Upper 
Lusatia. Pop. 2,680. 

AUhorpy harbor on the N. W. coast of King 
George the Third's archipelago,, between Point 
Lncan and Point Lavinia. Tnm are islands at 
its entrance ; on each side of which ii a ipueioiis 



32 



ALT 



MTigable dttnneL Lon. VSf 55' E. Lat 58* 
II' N. 

AHObofi^ dutriot, with% ▼. in the Swiss canton 
<^ Zurich. Pop. 900. 

jfiftfi, Altay^ or TWe^ lake, Asiatic Russia, in 
KolhTvane, 84 m. long by 66 broad. The sooitse 
of the river Biya. 

Atiuried^ t Bayaria, 6 m. fr. Kemptem. Pop. 
1,750. 

AWtamitn^ r, Prussian Sileeiay circle of Hirsoh- 
berff. Pop. 1,240. 

Aitkireh^ t dep. of the Upper Rhine, in France, 
6 m. S. W. Muhlhausen. Pop. 1,625. 

Althutheim^ v. Baden, on the Rhine, opposite 
Spires. Pop. 920. 

AUmarky a division of the Mark of Brandenburg, 
on the W. side of the Elbe. It contained 30 years 
ago, an extent of 1,670 square miles, 13 towns, 6 
royal bailiwicks, S7 manors, 494TiUage8, 16,938 
houses, and 98,305 inhabitants. 

AUmarkj t Prussia, in Little Pomerania, 9 m. 
8. 8. E. Marienburg. 

Alio, San Andret del, 4 villages in S. America ; 
two in Quito, One in Brazil, and one in Peru. 

AUobeh, isl. near the N. coast of Hispaniola, 
seen at a great distance. Lon. 7^ IS* W. Lat 17" 

AUomonte, t Naples, in Calabria Citra; has 
mines of gold, silver, iron, and salt, 10 m. S. W. 
Cassano. 

AUomwuietf t Bavaria, 20 m. N. W. Munich. 
Pop. 750. 

AUon^ market t Eng. Southamptonshire, 47 nL 
W. 8. W. London. Pop. 2,316. 

AUm, p-t Stafford co. N. H. on the 8. end of 
Lake Winnspiaeogee^ 22 m. N. E. Concord. Pop. 
2,058. 

Alian, p-t Madison co. Illinois, on the Mississi]^ 
pi, 3 m. above the mouth of the Missouri. Near it 
18 a coal mine. It is a new settlement, regularly 
laid out, and is destined to become the oommerciid 
capital of the state. 

AUona, or Altena, a large city, 2 m. W. Ham- 
buigh, on the Elbe, belonging to Denmark. Hou- 
9es^l20. Pop.l^(M33,LaQierans,Calvinists,Cath. 
olics, Anabaptists and Jewi. The latter pay 
yearly for toleration and protection 2,000 ducats. 
They have a large synagorueu The number of 
vessels is upwards of 100, iniich trade in the ports 
of the Baltic and Sottb. seas and the Mediterrane- 
an, and are employed in the fisheries for herring, 
cod, whale, and seals. Here are manufactures of 
velvet, silk stuib, calico, stoddngs, leather, gloves, 
tobacco, vinegar, starch, wax, and looking-|lafl8es, 
with sugar refineries and brandy. The principal 
public establishments are an acadefty with 7 
teachers, a library, a house of correction, and an 
orphan-house. 

AUorfy t. SwitEerland, cap. of Uri, near tiie riv- 
er Reuss, surrounded with rising grounds and 
beautifu! gardens. Here the tyrant Geisler pro- 
ceeded to those indignities which thnyngh the 
pstrioeism ef William Tell, laid the foundation of 
the Swiss independence. Pop. 4^060. 20 m. 8. 
E-Luoem. Lon. 8" 2T E. Lat. 46" SO' N. 

AUorff crAlidorf^ t Bavaria, oapilal of a dist. 
of the same naMe, hi the eiide of Rent, fimner- 
ly in the territory of the imperial city of Nurem- 
herr. Pop. in 1803, 2^070, of whom 220 brionged 
to &e now sttppretsed iraiversity. The eoHure 
of hope andt^rewing are important branohes of its 
iMdoslrir. If m. E. 6. £. NnreBbetg, 34 £. N. E. 
ABspaofa. Lon. ireorE.Ltt 49*23^5. 



A L V 

AUotf, t WirtembeK;,5 m. N. E. RaviMiabaig. 
Pop. 2,034. 

AUorf, V. and castle Baden, near Ettenheim. 
Pop. 1,140, Christians and Jews. 

AUtrfy V. France, dep. of Lower Rhine, 3 leagues 
W.8.W. StrasbuiT. Pop. 721. 

Aliremek, a marset t. Moravia, in the circle of 
Iglau, S. of Iji^au. 

Altringham, or AUrm^uanj t. Eng. Cheshire. 
It has manufactories of yam, worsted, and oottoo, 
an annual fair and a weekly market. Pop. 2/1(12. 
179 m. fr. London. 

AlUehtcahery v. in the grand dutchy of Baden. 
Pop. 1,720. 

AUtohl, miniiiff t. Hungary, in the lower circle 
of the county of Sohl, onuie r. Gran. Pop. 1,770. 
There are 2 chalybeate spnngs in its suburbs. 9S 
m' E. N. E. Presburg. 

AUtadiy t. WirtembeiY, near Kotweil. Pop. 
1,600. 

AUttadi, t Moravia, in the circle of Olmnti. 
Pop. 1,150. 

AlMed, t Prussian grand dutchy of the Lower 
Rhine, 5 m. N. W. Aahaus. 

AUun Kuffri^ or Alioun Kapri, the GMm 
Bridge, t. Asiatic Turkey, in Baedad, on the N. 
bank of the Little Zab, or Alton. Here isti Turk- 
ish garrison. Pop. 9fi00. 210 m. (r. Baedad, 90 
S. E. Mosul. Lon. 43" 20^ E. Lat. 35*' 45^N. 

AUnv-Suy r. Asia, flows into the Tigris, 10 m. 
above Tecrit in Kurdistan. 

AUun-Ta»h, t. A. Turkey, in Natolia, 20 m. 
N.W.Kutayeh. 

AUura, v. Spain, in Valencia, lm.fi*. Segorbe, 
Pop. 2,200. 

Aliwan, t on the Frische Hafl", Pomerania, 7 
m. E. Uckermunde. 

AUuHUter, v. Prussia, in Silesia. Fop. 560. 2 
m. N. WaldenbuiT. 

Allwolfaeh, v. Baden. Fop. 1,350. 

AltMOMU, t. Hesse, 5 m. 8. E. Hanan. Pop. 500. 

Aliwey, t Hesse-Darmstadt, on the Selsach. 
Pop. 3,051. 23m.N.W. Worms. 

Ahm-eredt, Ohio, runs into the Big Walnut, 8 
m. S. E. Columbus. 

Alumpore, t Bengal, 20 m. W. Midnapore. 

Afunkar, district m the N. part of Afghanistan, 
between 35" and 36^ N. Lat 

Alur, or Alvar, a district, N. W. part of Agra, 
India. 

Aha, t Portugal, in Beira, 8 m. N. W. Lamego. 

AhM, V. ScotUnd, Sterlingshire. Fop. 909. 4 
m. N. Alloa. 

AbM deT\>rma,t Spain, in Leon, 12 m. S. S. E. 
Salamanca. Here is a palace of the duke of Alva , 
in good preservation, and strangers are shewn the 
diamber occupied by the duke. It was one of 
lord Wellington's stations, in the campaign c^* 
1812. Pop. 1,300. 

AbMllada^ t Portugal, m Alentejo, 16 m. N. 
Purique. 

Alvanna, t Spain, in Gn^uscoa, 9 m. 8. Vitto- 
ria. 

Ahano, t Portuguese Estremadora. Fop. 1,900L 

Alvar, fort. Hind, and cap. of a district, 77 m. 
from Delhi. Lon. 76** 46' E. Lat 2r 41' N. 

.^AMiriuilD,larire r. of Mexico, in Vera Cms, nins 
into the gulf ciMexico, 36 m. 8. 8. E. Vera Cms. 

Aharado, t Mexico, near the mouth of the 
above river, 39 m. 8. 8. £. Vera Cms. 

AhareaiL tHindostan, in Tinnevefley, 70 m. 
lf.E.CapeComorin. Lon. 78° 2^ E. Lat 8"50rN. 

Akara^ t Portngaese Estremadurt. P<^ 1,500. 



AM A 

Jhagimr, tPortu2;aeseEslreBMdar«,13iiLK. 
Thomar. 

Attethtrekj t Eof . id Woroestenhire, 5 m. N. 
Yi Brootfgrove. Pop. 1,344. 

jihtiy t SwwieD, £. Goihiuid. JUt. ST IS' N. 

MrenaUf commane, Switzerland, in the Griaoos. 
Near the rOlage is a sulphureous bath. 

jihtndtbenj T. Prussia, in Ma|^barg. Pop. 
IpOO. 

Abuna^ t Piirtngal, on the Tagua, 6 m. N. 
Lisbon. Pop. IfiSia. 

A\rer4y t. Persia, in Maxanrieran, 60 m. S. S. W. 
Fehnibad. 

Afr<iflkarpe^t. Eng. Yorkshire, 1) ra. fr. Wake- 
field. Pop. 3,756. 

Ahtftm^ t Eng. in Staflbnkhire. Sm. fr. Chea^ 
die. Fap.9S4. 

.4/niifoM^ t N^les, in Calabria Citra, 9 m* N« 
E.Cs9«ia 

Al-FiUar^ t. Spanish Estremadnra, 9 m. fr. 
Fl&ccDsia. Here are the remains of the Roman 
aqueduct, whkh conreyed the excellent water of 
t!i!s place to Caparra. 

Ahint'Wtni^ndorf, t Austria, on the Marosch. 
fop. 3J0O. 

Akin, t Naples, in Terra di Layoro, 10 m. E. 
Cftpoa. Pop. 2,289. 

Alfih^ t PortQgal, in Alentejo, 18 m. S. S. E. 
Evora. 

Akondnhm^ t Portuguese Estremadura, 22 m« 
S.S.W.Leyria. 

Aiwtn^ r. Wales, runs into the Dee, 7 m. N. N. 
LBala. 

Algih^ t Scotland, Perthshire. It has yam and 
brown Knen manufacturoe, and 9 annual fairs. 
M m. W. Forfcr. Fop. 2,563. 

AlnrOy or Algtdra^ fortified t. iSpain, 20 m. S. 
Valencia, on the Xucar. Pop. 10,000. 

AlzMi^ t France, dep. of the Gard. 50 m. W. 
xN:*mes. Pop. 900. 

.-^isonae, t France, on the Fresquel, dep. of the 
Aode. 10 m. W. Carcassone. Pop. 1310. 

Amatharum^ t Hind, in Marawar, 30 ra. S. W. 
Tanjorc. 

Amattirt, r. Guiana, which runs from the Cor- 
dillera, E. into the Atlantic. 
Amaittbat, t Hind, in Doulatabad, 23 m. & W. 

Atnedna^r. 
Amsdan, 99c Ramadan, 
Amadea, r. S. America, in Granada, Joins the 

Mets near its soQr». 
AmmHa^ t A. Turkey, in Kurdistan, on a lofty 

mimntain. At its ba?e is a plain covered with 

villains ; from which there is an accent, by a nar- 
row digbt of steps cut out of the rock. It is a place 

of trade. 72m.N. MosuL 
Amaguana, r. New Grenada, rises on the W. 

(lt<!li?i^ of the Andes, and.ioins the Emieraldas 

near the Tillage of St Antoiu^. 
•^siatUsR, ▼. France, dep. of Deux Sevres, 30 

blN.N. E.Niort 
.^sietttfa, r. S. America, runs into the Amazon, 

oear the mouth of the river Napo. 
Amdk^ or Amagtr^ isL Denmark. Lon. 38*" O' 

t. Lat 56* 40^ N. At one end of the island is a vil- 

Uge of 600 mhabitanti. 
Amalaemif r. Siberia, runs into the Frozen 

oceMi. Lon.l28'l^ELat71MO'N. 
Amtttagan^ or IsUmd of Cmeeplioru one of the 

Udrone isSandi, 3) m. from Gugnan. Lon. 128* 

I'TE.UtlfiUO'N. 
Amalfif mAmahhif t. Naples, in Principatro 

Citrt, 10m.8.W.SaI«rno. Pop. 2,750. 

5 



AM A 



into tfaaPlM 



AmaaiAaij r. Buenos Ayrei, i 

rana, opposite the isL Salto. 

Amanetj t France, dep. of the Upper Saona. 
Pop. 900. 15 m. N. Vesoul; another, 6 m. N. 
Nancy, inthedepuof theMeurthe. 

^nusneou/u Amankohj or Eehlaig€j fort, Perua, 
in Khorassan; 15 m. S. Herat 

AnuuUUif t. Fairfiddco. Ohio, 7 m. W. Laneaa- 
ter. Pop. 1,221. 

AmandatiUe^ p-y.jElbertco. Georgia. 

An%anga$aeki, t Japan, in Niphon island, 35 m* 
&W.Meaco. 

Amangvehif t. Japan, cap. of Nangaro, and one 
of the wealthiest towns of Japan. 215 m. S. W. 
Meaoou Lon. 120* 34' E Lat. 34* N. 

^manibo, r. S. America, in Dutch Guiana, en- 
ters the Atlantic, Lat 5* 57' N. ; also, a t on th» 
coast between Paramaribo and Cayenne, 

Jimaniea^ t. Naples, on the coast of Calabria CU 
tra,at the mouth of the Oliva. Pop. 2,700. 12 
m. 9. W. Coeenza. 

AmanKirifiUnf t Arabia, 440 m. E Mecca, 584 
N.E Mocha. Loo. 6r 3a E. Lat 20" 25^ N. 

Ama/HUiOj t Mexico, in Nicaragua, on a point 
of land running into the Pacific, 12 m. fr. San Mi- 
guel. 

AmapaUa^ large gulf on the W. coast of Ameri- 
ca, between Guatimalaand Nicaragua ; nearly 60 
m. in length, and from 9 to 30 in breadth ; alio 
called the Gulf of Fonseca. 100 m. N. W. Lten. 
Lon. 88* 56* W. Lat 13* aO' N. 

Amapety t Hind, in the Camatic, 10 m. 8. \y. 
Trichinopoly. 

Aman, t Arabian Irak, 1 10 m. N. W. Basson. 

Amaranle, t Portugal, in Entre DouroE Minho^ 
on the Tamega, near its junction with the Douro. 
Pop. 4,000. 23 m. S. E. Braga, 30 £. N. E Opor- 
to. 

Anutratoor^ t. Hind, in the Mysore, 12 m. E N. 
E Nagamungalum. 

Afnareheiia, t Hind, in Golconda, 18 m. N. Rip 
chore. 

Amargoif isl. on the coast of Chili, at the mouth 
of the river Valdivia. 

Amargo$t^T, Braxil, enters the Atlantic between 
point Tiburon and point Mello. Lat 5^8. 

Amttrgxira^ or Oardner*t i?l. in the Pacific It 
has marks of volcanic eruptions. Lon. 175* 10' 
W. Lat. 17* 57' S. 

Amaro, Juan, t Brazil, in Todos Santos, near 
the river Parmaco. Lon. 4(f 14' W. Lat. 13* 17' 
N. The other villa^^cs of this name inS. Amer- 
ica are inconsiderable. 

Amaruco^ r. S. AmeVica, runs N. into the Ori- 
noco, Gvt its mouth. It is navigable for sloops 10 
or \'2 miles. 

AmarnmaixMj a large r, Peru, rises in the Andes, 
13" 30' S. lat and enters the Amazon, in 4" SO' S. lat 

Aniasa^ t. Japan, in the island of Niphon, 8 m. 
E.S.E.Jeado. 

Atnatatntm, t Hind, on the coast of the Canu^ 
tic, 10 m. \. Tondy. 

Amana, t A. Turkey, in Natolia, on the Kiriler- 
mark, surrounded by mountains. The mosque with 
its two lofty minarets is of Iieswn stone. The baths 
are of h<5wn stone ; in front of them are promen- 
aflps under rows of trees. Water is raised from 
the river in buckets fixed to the circumferenoe of 
largre tv heels nearly 30 feet in diameter, turned by 
the'8tn>am. The buckets empty themselves into 
reservoirs, and the water is thence conveyed in 

Eipes to the baths and fountains. Wine, resem- 
ling sherry, is made here. It is the birth-place 



34 



AMB 



of the iunoajs geographer Strabo, Pop. 25^000, 
chiefly Christia&B. SOO nu £. Constantinople. 
Lon. 38" 1^ £. Ut 40^ 40^ N. 

^nuunh^ orAmetirot^ t A. Turkey, in Nato- 
Ua, on a point of land iM-ojecting into the Black 
sea, 150 m.£.N.E. Constantinople. Lon.32^24' 
£.Lat4r2(KN. 

AmamOf t on the S. £. coast of Timor. Lon. 
125*«7'E.Lat Okie's. 

Amalhanitf v. Cyprus, j m. fr. the S. shore, the 
ttte of an ancient city. 3 m. £. LimasoL 

Amaiiqutij gulf at the bottom of the bay of 
HondttiHS. The Gulf of Dolce communicates 
through it with the bay. 

AnuUo, t Naples, in Calubria Citra, on Amato 
riTer, 7 m. S. £. Nicastro. 

Amaaa-ftHL See l\nfoa. 

Amaxieki^ t Ionian islands, on Santa Maura. 
Pop. 6^000. It is badly built with houses of only 
one story and is very filthy. 

AmoMoniy Maranon^ or OrdtanOy r. S. America, 
the largest in the world, formed by the Tun^ra- 
rua and the Ucayale. The Tnnguragua issues 
from the lake Lauricocha, in Peru, lat \(f ^ S. 
The Ucayale is formed by the junction of the Apu- 
rimac, and the Beni. ^ It runs into the ocean un- 
der the equinoctial line, after a course of more 
than 4,000 miles. The mouth is about 180 miles 
wide ; the tide water is distinctly felt at Obidos, 
400 miles above. Among the rivers which &11 in- 
to it from the N. are Santiago^ Morona, Pastaza, 
Ti^re, Napo, Negro, Putiunayo, Tupura, Yagua- 
pin, Curupatuba, and Yari, and from the S. Giial- 
laga, Ucayale, Cuchivara, Yahuari, Yutay, or 
Totau, Cayari, Madera, Topaios, Chingu, Guan- 
apu, Muju. Its banks are clothed wiUi immense 
woods, which alfonl a haunt for tigers, bears, leop- 
ards, wild boars, and venomous reptiles. Its w^ 
ters swarm with alligators, some of them from 20 
to 30 feet long. The turtles are most delicious 
and flumerous, and various in species and size. In 
tilie neighbouring woods are a variety of birds of 
beautiful plumage, and innumerable apes. The 
Te^ctable productions are cacao, cinnamon, va- 
niua, pines, coffee, sugar canes, rice, maize, plan- 
tains, lemoa% limes, oranges ; also wax, storaz, 
copal, and otfier biUsams, resins, and medicinal 
plants ; precious woods, such as cedar, red-wood, 
holly-wood, pine, and other woods, and wme of 
extreme hardness like ebony. In the freshets the 
country for several hundred miles is laid under 
water. 

Ambadco, t. on the E. coast of Celebes, in Telle 
bay. Lon. IftV SV E. Lat. r W S. 

JittMohy t. Hind, in the Delhi, belonging to the 
Seiks. 

Ambtmnotdetn people in the interior of Ma- 
dagascar, at the foot of the Bamboo mountains. 
They supply the inhabitants of the coast with pro- 
visions. 

Ambaret^ L France, 41 m. from Bordeaux, dep. 
of the Gironde. Pop. 2,178. 

AmbaffeLt t. Hind, in Qolconda, 7 m. E. Hydra- 
bad. 

Ambato\ Atsienio de, cap. of a district of the 
same name in S. America, on the banks of a large 
river. In 1698 it was destroyed by an eruption of 
the volcano of Cotc^Mixi. It is in a fertile country 
and has an extensive commerce. 54 miles from 
Quito. Lon. 78^ 25' E. Lat 1*" 14' S. 

Ambaio^ r. New Grenada, runs with a tremen- 
dousstream, and is passed by a strong bridj;e braced 
with iiroD. It joins other rivers to lonn £ePatate. 



AMB 

Atmbaaae^ t France, dep. of iSbm Upper VisDoe* 
12 m. N. N. E. Limoges. Pop. 2,300. 

Ambeer^ ancient capw of Jypore or Jyenadiur k 
Hind. Lon. 75* 53' E. Lat. 26* 48' N. 

Ambeiaehiiat Ambdalaa^ or An^htloeka^ t. A. 
Turkey, in Rumelia, on the decbvity of mooot 
Ossa, and on the right bank of the Peneu8,betwM0 
Larissa and the £gian sea. The number of dye- 
houses for Turkic red yam is 24, and the yearly 
export aver land to Germany, 2600 bales (about 
7500 cwt) of thread. Pop. 6,000. 

Ambeli^ t Hind, m Cauara, 30 m. £. 8. E. Man- 
galore. 

Ambenay^ t France, on the right bank of the 
Rille, in the dep. of the Eure, 18 m. S. W. £t- 
reux. It has a considerable linen trade. 

Ambtr^ p-v. Onondaga co. N. Y. 145 m. W. Al- 
bany. 

Amber Bay^ of Yucatan, in the bay of Hondorai. 
Lon. 88- 5a W. Lat. IV 4^ N. 

Amberg^ t Bavaria, in the circle of Regan and 
the seat (S* the court of appeal^ on the Vila. Pop. 
9,000. Here are an academy and lyceom, a ha^ 
pital, several religious houses, and a convent of 
nuns, composed of ladies of noble famiUes, wIm 
maintain a public school for young girls ; also, a 
castle, arsenal, government buildings, and for the 
mint one of the finest buildings in Gennany. It 
has manufactures of fire arms, earthen ware, to* 
baoco, and iron, and a public repository for nit. 
Pop. of the district, 13;339, exclusive of the town. 

Ambergt Little. SeeAbenberg. 

Ambergreate-Key^ ial. in the bay of Hondora.*, 
on the coast of Yucatan. It aboonds with fresh wa- 
ter lakes; is stocked with gaune, and producei 
logwood and other dye- woods. Lon. 88^48' W. 
Lat 18* 5Qf N. 

AmbtrUu^ or Su Germain i*Amberuui^ I 
France, in the dep. of the Ain. Popv 3,850. SO 
m. S. £. Bourg. 

Amberty t France, on the Dore, dep. of the Pnj- 
de-Dome. It contains manu&ctuies of woolles 
stufis, needles, thimbles, playing cards, and tape. 
Its paper is the best in France. Its export before 
the revolution was valued at 40,000/. Near 
here are the granite mountains, which separate 
Auvergne from Forez. op. 5^467. S7 m.E. hsoire. 

AmbierUy t. France, dep. of the Loire. Pop- 
2,000. 

Ambilt one of the Philippine Islands. Prodnces 
wax and hemp. On it is a volcano. 

AmblauWy or Belaw^ Netherlands, one of the 
Molucca islands, 6 m. S. Boura Lon.2S7'0'E. 
Lat. 3^ 55' S. 

Ambletidey L En». Westmorelandshire, near 
which is the water fall of the Rydalo, S74 m. N. 
London. 

Amblrteiue^L France^ dep. of Pasde Calai8)4 
m. S. Boulogne. 

Amboah^ t. Bengal, 3 m. S. Culna* 

Ainboiiambs. See Ancore, 

AmboitOy 8-p. of Madagascar, in Antongil baj . 
Lon. 50" 5' E. LhL 15"30^S. 

AmbotMy t. France, at the conflue^Boe of the 
Amasse and Loire, 15 m. E. Tours. Pop. 5,660. 

Ambmiy t. France, dep. of the Morbiban, 9 n- 
S. E. Vannes. 

Amboony t and district. Hind. 30 m. W. Arcot 
108 W. a W.Madras. 

Amboongy L on the N. W. coast of Borneo. Los. 
116*'24'E.Lat6"16'N. 

Ambotofiy one of the Philippine islands. Loa 
m'8'E.Latl2"15'N. 



AME 



AME 



S6 



jf flilnrf, or Embatdy y. cap. of Cayor, in W. Af- 
rioB, 70 m. N. E. Goree. 

Amkmvnajfj t. Fnuaoe, betwoen Lyons and Ge- 
nera, 17 m. S. £. Bonri^. 

Amktjf^ or Perth Amhojf^ city, and p-t Middlesex 
flOb N. J. on a point of land, at the union of Karitan 
liver with Arthur kill sound, 35 m. & W. New- 
York, 74 N. £.' Philadelphia. It has one of the 
Vst harbors on the continent Pop.79& Ship- 
pinrin 1816. 10,899 tons. 

JiiifreSfna, Netherlands, isl. in the Eastern sea, 
Oe chief of the Molucca or Spice islands, aU the 
ethers being dependent on its jurisdiction. It is 
between 60 and 60 miles in Icrngth. Pop. about 
M^OOOl The clove tree has been carefully culti- 
▼ated here for centuries. The cloves are collected 
twice a ymi : the average quantity produced in 
the iabod ezoeeds 650^000 pounds ; in some years 
it ■aeonts to a million. It is a Missionary sta- 
tion, the most remote of the stations in the Eastern 
Hemiapliere ; and contains several churches, a 
seninary lor educating Native Teachers to take 
charge of schools, and a printing press. 3S30m. 
aE^Calcatta. Lon.l2ri6'E.Lat 3«40'& 

.iwftsyiig, t. and cap. of the above island, situa- 
ted in the peninsula of Letymor ; on a bay whose 
le between two high and steep points, 
miles asunder, aM which penetrates 
SI miles inland, gradually becoming nar- 
At the site of the town it is two miles 
, with deep water. On the S. shore of the 
bay, and in firont of Amboyna, is Port Vittoria, 
fli*»iiMwy six pieces of cannon, and containing 
ssfe^d public o^oes. The town is regularly 
Built, in mrm of an oblong square, 300 rods long, 
and too broad. Most of the houses consist of only 
sne story, on account of the frequent earthquakes. 
Lon. 148* 16' £. Lat. 3*40^ & Pop. 6,000. 

jf sifoeo, three small islands near the mouths of 
ths river Camarones, on ttie coast of Benin, in Af- 
liea. LaL4ri5'N. 

JmbrweOy^ r. Hind, rises 8 m. & Coimbotoor, 
and runs into the Cavery, 8 m. £. N. £. Caroor. 

Ambritnt^ t France, dep. of Mayenne. Pop. 
g,y30 tt. m. N. Mayenne. 

Mf^ r.cT Congo, m Africa, ^ich runs into 
the Atlantic, in let V S. 

jfflifrreeu^ a duster of islands, near the coast of 
Derien. Loo. 77* SO* W. Lat 8» SS* N. 

jfiii6r9m,isLinthe Pacific, one of the New He- 
taridei. Lon. 168*90' E.Lat 16° 15' S. 

JlmMkhe^ one of the Fox islands. Lon. 178° 
14-E.Lat.63*2rN. 

jfmoorf, t. Hind. 61 m. N. Sunt 

jfmespdk, t Hind. 22 m. E. Tanjore. 

Ameeoy t. Mezieo^ in Guadalaxara, 40 m. a W. 
Guadalazara. 

dfMedki^iir, country, Hind, bounded N. by Can. 
deiah and Malwa, W. by the Balaghaut mountains, 
8. by Bejapour,aikdE. by Berar. ' 

Amedna^T^ city, cap. ef the above, at the foot 
of the Baluhaut mountains, 63 m. N. £. Poonah, 
lOSN.N.W.BeJapour. Lon.74'52'E,Latir6'N. 

jfmobofir, t Hind, in Orissa, 34 m. S. Cuttad^ 

wfmeaMiia6^t Hind, in Lahore. LatSriO^N. 
Lon.7TE. 

Jim-EiMf t Gennany,inCariQtfa]»,OBthe Dravoi 
5 a. W. 8. W. Lavamnnd. 

Amdia, i- Italy, in the SUtesef the Church, 18 
■.S.8.W.8poleto. L<m.1iS'19'£.Lat.4r35'N. 

.«sieisa,co.ya. Pop. 11,104; daves, 7,400; an- 
Msd in agrienltqre, 373 ; in oommeree, 97 ; in 
■anufiMstoraa, 347. At tiie oonrthooe il a poft- 
fllfeey68M.8.W. 



Amdiaf isl. in the Atlantic, on the coast ef F. 
Florida, 7 leagues N. SL Augustine, at the mouth 
of St Mary's river. LatSO'iS'N. It is 13 miles 
long and 2 broad. Chief town, Femandina. 

jimduuburgf t Prince Edwards oo. Upper Can- 
ada, on the bay of Quinti, 8. W. Kingston. 

Amendolma^ t Naples, in Calabria Ultra, 2 m. 
W.Bova. 

Amertdoiaray t Naples, in Calabria Citra, 14 v. 
N. £. Cassano. 

Amenioy p-t Dutchess ca N- Y. 24 m. N. E. 
Poughkeepsie. Pop. 3,114. Here is a marble 
quarry. 

Amenjfy one of the Laoeadive islands, in the fan 
dianocean. Lon. 7'2°30'£.Lat ll'^ST N. 

Amer^ t Spain, in Catalonia, 10 m. W. Geroaa. 

Amefvoj r. Siberia, flows into tiie Aldan. Lon. 
135M4'£.Lat39"25'N. 

.^meno, t. Asiatic Turkey, in Natolia. 72 m. E. 
Kutayeh. Lon. ST 34' £. Lat 39" 25' N. 
' .^merteo, one of the four grand divisions of the 
globe, bounded on the £. by the Atlantic, whidi 
separates it from Europe and Africa, and on the 
W. by the Pacific, which separates it from Asia. 
Towards the N. its limits have not been discover- 
ed. Towards ^e S. it terminates in a point call- 
ed Cape Horn. It is more than 9000 mileelong, 
and on an averege about 1500 broad, v^'^^^mg 
from lat 56" S. to beyond lat 70" N. and firom66" 
to 170^ W. lon. and contains according to Hassd, 
16,504,254 square miles. The population is com- 
monly estimated at 35^900^)00. America eausda 
the old world in the size and grandeur of its moun- 
tains, lakes, and rivers. A range of mountains 
runs from N. to S. through the whole length of the 
continent, a distance of more than 11,000 miles: 
beginning at the southern extremity of the conti- 
nent, in lat 54** S. extendii^ along the western 
coast, and terminating, it is supposed, in lat. 70^ 
N. on the Frozen ocean. America excels the o)4 
world also in the abundance of precious metals. 
More than nine-tenths of all the silver in the 
world comes from the mines of S{>anish America, 
In the course of three centuriee it is estimated 
that they have yielded 3]6,D00/)00 lbs. of pure 
silver. This continent is divided by the isthmus 
of Darien, into North and South America. 

North America comprehends I. British Amer- 
ica : under which is included Nova Scotia, New- 
Brunswick, Lower Canada, Upper Canada, and 
the island of Newfoundland. H. The United 
States, in. The Spanish provinces of Mexico 
and Guatimala. There are two great ranges of 
mountains in N. Amerioa, the westeni and Hm 
eastern. The western is part of the great Amer- 
ican range, and runs from S. to N. through Guati- 
mala, Mexico, the United States, and British 
America. The part of this range which is in 
Mexico is called the Cordilleras of Mexico, and 
the part N. of Mexico, the Rocky mountains. 
The eastern range is wholly withm the United 
8tates,and is called the Alleghany range. The 
prineipal lakes in M. America, are Ontsirio, Erie, 
Huron, Superior, Michigan, Winnip^, and 
Slave Lake. The principal rivers are Macken- 
sie\ Ndson% the St. Lawrence* the Mississippi, 
Red river, Aikansas, Missouri, Ohio, del Nortiw 
Colorado, and Cdombia. 

South America comprehends, L The SfJanish 
provinoes d New Grenada, Veneauela, Pern, 
Chili, and Buenos Ayres. II. Guiana, belongmg 
to the £nglid^ Putch, French, Spaniards, and 
PortHgiieM. nL BnsQ«Mo0siiV totfaaPoHQ* 



AMH 



A M M 



gii«M. IV. Pit«^oiim,beloii|pi^tothe AboH^- 
nat. The principal mountains are the Andes, 
which run along; the whole western coastf ami are 
a part of the great American ran|e. The prin 
cipal riven are the Amazon, La Plata, and Ori- 
f nooo. 

AmerieOi p-t and cap. Alexander co. Illinois, 
on the Ohio r. 7 m. from its junction with tlie 
MississippL It is elevated above the floods of the 
river, and the navigation to this place is almost 
onobstructed. 
Ameriteoggin rixer. See Androteoggin. 
Amerongen^ t Netherlands, 14 m. £. S. £. 
Utrecht Pop. IgOtO. 

Ametpftre^ t. Hind, on the N. W. side of Bay* 
mutW river, 10 m. £. Mockwanpore. Lon. 85" 
Sg'E.LaLjrSl'N. 

Amersehia^ or Amasia^ desert of Arabia, in Hed- 
jas, N. of Yemen. 

Amtrtfort^ or Amertfaord^ Netherlands, the 
seoond town in Utrecht, on the £^em, which is here 
liavigable. Its inhabitants arc employed in the 
tobacco trade, manufacture of dimities, bombazeens 
and other stulSs, and glass ; and carry on an active 
conrnieroe in com. It has communication by canals 
with the principal toiims in Netherlands. Pop. 
8,584. 32m.S. S. £. Amsterdam. Lon.5M'£. 
Lat.52"12'N. 

Amenha$ft^ or Agnumdetham^ t, and bor. £ng. 
Buckinghamshire. Cotton, sacking, and lace, 
are its chief manufactures. Pop. 2,259. 26 m. 
N. W. London. 

Ame»^ p-U Athens oo. Ohio, 12 m. N. £. Athens. 
Pop. 707. 

Amedmry^ or Ambreibur^, i. £ng. Wiltshire, on 
the Avon. It is the birthpla^ of Addison. 
Stonehenre is 2 m. W. of this ' town. It consists 
•f 2 circles, and two ovals which are concentric. 
The outer circle is of 97 feet diameter, and was 
originally composed of 30 pillars, 14 feet high, on 
which were laid slabs 6 or 7 feet broad, and 3 or 
4 thick ; of these, 17 pillars and 6 slabs now re- 
main. The interior circle was originally com- 
posed of 29 pillars ; 9 of which remain. Of the 
ovals within the circles, there are two trilothons : 
stones placed as the lintel of a door, which are 16 
or 17 feet high ; and a single pillar 22 feet high. 
Pop. 723. 6 m. from Salisbury. 

Ametbury, p-t. Essex co. Mass. on the N. side of 
the Merrimack, 5 m. W. N. W. Newburyport. 
Pop. 1,956. 

Amgiruhna^ v. and fort, Russia, on the Amga, 
104 m. 8. £. Yakutsk. 

Amgtmg^i. Hind, in Dowlatabad, 20 m. £. Ou- 
dighir. 

Amharay a general division of Abyssinia, com- 
prehending the provinces W. of the Tacazze. 

Amherst^ t. Cumberland <co. Nova Scotia, on 
Chignecto bay, at the entrance of the rivers La 
Planch, Napan and Macon. 

Amhertt^ p-t, and half-shire, Hillsborough oo. 
N. H. 30 m. 8. Concord, 48 N.W. Boston, 60 \V. 
Portsmouth. Pop. 1,622. 

Amhenty p-t. Hampshire co. Mass. 8 m, N. £. 
J^orthampton, 85 W. Boston, Pop. 1,917. In 
1821, a CoDege was established here. Its offi- 
oers are a President, 3 Professors and one Tu- 
tor. The number of students is 59. The li- 
brary belongrag to the institution contains 900 
volumes, and the Society libraries have about 
400 more. The charity fund is large, and the ex- 
pense of living very moderate. 
Amherst^ U Niagara oo. N. T« Pop. 768. 



Amkmm CO. Va. on James r. Pop. in 1820, 
10,423, slaves, 5,577 ; enpged in agriculture 
3,132, in commerce 170, m manufactures 146. 
At the courthouse is a p-v. 130 u. W. Rich- 
mond. 

Amherti ^rings^ p-v. Amherst co. Va. 124 m.W. 
Richmond. 

Amherttburg^ or Maiden^ t and cap. Essex oa 
Upper Canada, on Detroit r. 3 m. above its en- 
trance into Lake Erie, and 14 below Detroit. It 
has about 150 houses, and a good harbor with an- 
diorage in 3} fathoms. 

AmianthiUy v. Cyprus, near Pallandors. Asbes- 
tos is found near it. The Romans wrapt the dead 
bodies of their emperors in cloth made of it, and 
burnt them to preserve their ashes. 

w^mt£e,isl. off the £. coast of Africa, S. of Cape 
Delgado. Lat. 10°35'S. 

Atmctddungama^ t Hind. inMysore, 12m. N.W. 
Bangalore. 

Amieru, France, formerly the chief town of Pi- 
cardy, and now the capital of the dep. of the Somnif . 
It is situated on the Somme, 14 leagues from the 
sea. Pop. 40,000. Serge, and other woollen stuffs 
are manufactured in the town and neighbourhood. 
The definitive treaty of peace between England 
and France, was signed here on 25th March, 1802. 
30 m. S. E. Abbeville. 

Aminidabj t Persia, in Khuzistaa, 6 m. N. Tex- 
didkast. 

Aminai^poUam^ t. Hind, in the Camatic, 20 m. 
W. Trichmopoly. 

i^mmjio, t Sweden, in Angennannland, 54 m. N. 
Homosand. 

Amirabad^ t. Bengal, 14 m. S. S. E. Islamabad. 
Amiranit Bay, See AlmirttnU Bay, 
AmissriUe^ p-v. Culpepper co. Va. 86 m. W. 
Washington. 

Amite^ co. Mississippi, on Amite r. Chief t. 
Liberty. Pop. 6,853, slaves 2,838 ; engaged in 
agriculture 2,271, in commerce 7, in manufac- 
tures 28. 

Atnite^ r. Mississippi, runs into the Iberville 40 
m. above its entrance into lake Maurepas. It is 
navigable for boats nearly to its source. 
Awiiur^ t. Hind. inConcan, 38 oi. N. Gheriah. 
-4nii/.y,p-v. Orange co. N. Y. 
Atniiy^ p-v. Washin^on co. Pa. 
Amity, t. Berks co. Pa. Pop. 1,090. 
Amiah, t. Hind, in Dowlatabad, 28 m. S. W. 
Amednagur. 

Andar^ t. on £. coast of Panay, one of the 
Philippine Islands. Lon. 122* 35' E. Lat. IT 
10' N. 

Amlink\ one of the Aleutian islands in the Pacific. 
Lon. 187 • 14' E. Lat. 53" 30' N. 

Amiunch^B-j^, Wales, in N. E. comer of Anglesey, 
which has arisen from the state of a poor fishing 
town, in consequence of the opening of cc^per mines 
in 1768. The town is inhabited almost exclusively 
by miners and persons connected with the mines. 
Pop. 4,629. ] 8 m. from Holyhead. 

Ammofif t. Palestine, called Rabbak Ammon in 
Scripture. It was the capital of the Ammonite?, 
and when beseiged and captured by Joab, Uriah 
was killed here. In profane history its name was 
Philaddphuu 52 m. N. E. Jerusalem. 
Anwier^ mountains in the S. part of Alem?. 
AmmerKej lake, Bavaria, 18 m. S. W. Munich. 
Ammerteeyer^ AmmervftUer^ or ./IflHues^ioetr, 
t. France, dep. of Upper Rhine, 4 m. N.W. Col- 
mar. 
. i^iNiMRMfudb,Xiotrer,r.N. Borises in the White 



AM8 

M«aDteiD»t AMT tfas aouroei of Him Mcnrinuck, 
«Dd runs W. into the Connectieat at Bath. 

Ammtmaomteky C)mfr,r.N. H. miif into the Con* 
iwcticot at NorthoinberlaiML 

JmoQSf T. Pakstiiie, fonnerly namad Eminaaa, 
aod then NicopoUa. There are two other ▼ill>^ 
in Palestine of the same name, one near lake Ti- 
beriaa, another suppofled to be mentioned by St. 
l.uke. Amoas is <^en miitaken for the castle of 
Smntausj whhfaer Christ utent after his resurrec- 
tioQ. S2 m. from Jerosalem. 

wfjiionu^jVft. Upper Hesse. Pop. 1,050. 4 m. 
N.N.E-Meatz. 

Awuemngjt. on N. W. eoast of Celebes. Lon. 
124* 12' E. Lat.0*5yN. 

Amaly AmuL, or Anm^ city, in Great Bnkfaaria, 
on tha left bank of the Jihon, there called Amol, 
130 m.W.Samarcand, 300 N.Herat. 1.00.60*4^ 
£. LatSS'aaN. 

AwuL ^etAmui. 

Awwniy r. Wales, ikUs into the Loughen. 

j99iorc,t. Arabian Irak, on the Tigris, 120m.S Jl 
Bagdad. 

Amo^ihaiky or Amerbaehj t Germany, 20 m. N. E. 
Heidelbeii^. Pop. 1,500. 

AmorgOj isl. in the Greek Archipelago. Lon. 

Sa-oO'E. Latae-syN. 

Am^fgo Foulo^ iaL in the Archipelago, 6 m. W. 
Amorgo. Lon.2S''44'W. Lat36°45'N. 

Amaria^ t. A. Tarkey,in Natolia, on the Sakaria, 
Mm. S.W. Angora. 

AwMAeagfallt^ in the Merrimac, 15 m. below 
Coaoord, arvund whidi a canal is dug. The de- 
scent is 48 feet 3 inches in the course of half a 



AM8 



87 



Amotttpe^ V. Peru, between Tumbes and Piora. 
Lon. 80- 42' W. Lat.4°50'S. 

AmovL, t. Hind, in Coimbetoor, 18 m. N. Dara- 
ponun. 

.isMy, r. rans into the Hiwassee, a S. branch of 
Tennessee river. 

•4ii^an/a,t.Eu. Turkey, in Bessarabia, 35 m. 
£.N.E.Galati. 

Amiffing^ V. on4be Iser, in Bavaria, 15 m. S. Din- 
gelfingen. 

Aa^iia B«(y, in the Red sea, on the coast of 
Abysiinisu 

Ampkiloc^tia. SeeAmbelaehia. 

Am^imdt^ t France, dep. of the Rhone, 12 m. 
£. S. £. Roanne. Pop. 3^00. 

^ji9RlA«a,t.£og. Bedfordshire. Pop. 1,377. 12 
m. N. Dunstable. 

Amptirioi^ i. Spain, in Catalonia, 58 m. N. E. 
Barodona. Pop. 2,200. 

•4Mra, t. Hind, in Behar, 12 m. E Noony. 

wf»/a,r. Sweden, rises in Jamtland, and joins 
the Ragonda, 17 m. E Stugun. 

Amrmn^ t. Hind, in Gujarat. Lon. l(f 35' E 
LaLSrSS'N. 

AmniMw (the Pool of Immortality), t Hind, in 
LaboK, the diief place of religious worship of the 
S^ nation. It is on the high road between Ca- 
bul and Delhi, Cashmere and the Dekkan, and is 
a great emporium of trade. 

j^mrom, isL Denmark, on the W. eoast of Sles- 
wjc^ belooeing to E^ten. It contains 3 small 
TiUagas inhabited by fishermen. 

jfAseM6eYY,tBohemia,24m.aPragae. Loo. 
14*2'8rE. lit40'42rN. 

tsiiir/. r. TVetheilands, which runs through the 
rity of AmsUrdam, and discharges itself into tixe 
am of Zoyder Zeecalkd tha 9^ye. 



wft merf as w , T.HoUaad,6 m. 8, Amsteidam* Pop. 
5)051. 

AmMitriam^ the largest, richest, and most pNnni- 
lous city in the Netherlands; is on the arm of 2iUy- 
der Zee called the T or Wye. In former ages it 
was a simple village, meanly built, and inhabit 
by fishermen. It was encompassed with walls and 
other fortifications in 1482, and by successive ac- 
cessions in size and population (particularly in the 
years 1585, 1599, 1612, and 1658,) became in the 
17th century, one of the first tracung cities of Eu- 
rope. One great cause of its rapiu progress was 
the decay of Antwerp. The river Amstel divides 
it into the Old or Eastern, and the New or West- 
em Towns. From the marshy nature of the soil^ 
it has been necessary to build almost the 'vdiole 
city on oaken piles (biven into the ground. It is 
intersected thi*oughout by canals, which cut each 
other in a thousand different ways. Several 
streets are lined with trees, and form agreeable 
promenades. On the land side it is defended by a 
wall and regular bartions, with a broad and deep 
ditch ; and By means of the sluices the whole ad- . 
joining country can be laid under water. To- 
wards the sea it is provided with no fortifications ; 
but the entrance to the harbor is guarded by two 
rows of piles, with openings for the admisnon of 
vessels, which are shut at night. The stadthouse 
stands on a foundation of 13,659 piles, in an opeii 
square in the centre of the city. It b built of 
mestone, (except the ground floor, which is 
brick,) is 282 feet long, 235 broad, and, without 
reckoning the tower, 116 high. Its interior is 
adorned with marble, jasper, statues, paintings, 
and other oostly ornaments. Among other edi- 
fices, are the magnificent East and West Indi^ 
houses, exchange, bank, admiralty, three weigh- 
houses, corn-exchange, and tower. In the old 
church is a chapel, with windows of painted glass. 
The new church contains the tombs of De Ruyter, 
Bentink, and Vondel. The Jews possess splendid 
synagogues. The principal public establishments 
arc the arsenal and dock-yards, the academy, 
grammar school, anatomical and surgical colle^, 
the work-house, house of correction or rasp-huis, 
orphan-house, hospital for old men, establishment 
for widows, lazaretto, lunatic asylum, the botanio 
garden, &c. The exchange, so long famous in tha - 
mercantile world, is a plain but stately fabric 
of freestone, covered with tiles, and is in length 
230 feet, and in breadth 130. It is fitted to con- 
tain about 4,500 persons, and is daily resortodto 
after midday by aU coacemed in exchange or oth- 
er mercantile business. In former days, it was 
not uncommon to see 100 vessels enter the port 
with the same tide, and there commonly lay to- 
gether in the harbor 600 vessels and upwards. The 
objects of this commerce were gniin, wine, groce- 
ries, spiceries, dye-stufis, fish, Virginian and Bra- 
zil tobacco, all Baltic merchandise, cotton, and 
other productions from the Levant and Barbary ; 
the products of Italy, Spain, France, and the 
north of Europe; gold, silvery, jewellery, and all 
kinds of coloiual ptKiuce. In the town and ad- 
joining country are manufactured all sorts of stufiSs 
damasks, galoon lace, velvet, woollen cloths, car- 
pats, and leather ; there are also refineries of su- 
gar, borax, camphire, cinnabar, sulphur, &c. 
Its commerce decbned during the 20 years that 
preceded the general pacification of 1814. ThA 
immediate causes were the war srith England in 
1780, the interior troubles ia 1787, and above all. 



40 



A N B 



AnidUsuit^ f-p. Algiers, 15 m. W. Oran. 
AndtUunoy or Vanddbuia^ proTinoe, Spam, com-' 

nheocUDg Seville, Cordova, Jaen, aiid Granada. 
B oQ the Mediterranean aiid the Atlantic at the 
Straits of Gibraltar. The prificipal rivers are the 
Guadalquiver, na viable for laiqgpe vessels to Se- 
ville, and the Guadiana, which separates it from 
Portugal. Its products are cattle, vrool, oil, com, 
|M>ney, silk, sugar, and wine. The mines yield 
Quicksilver, cinnabar and antimony. Pop. in 1787, 
738,153. Chief towns, Cadiz and SevilU. 

Andahuia, JVeip. See Guniiui. 

AnddlaiUL, p-v. Bucks co. Pa. 

Andaman^ t Fezzan, in Africa, 165 m. £. Mour- 
a^ouk. 

Andaman^ Ortai^ and LitlU^ Itlanda^ on the E. 
side of Che bay of Benpl. The length of the 
Great Andaman is 150 miles, its breadth from 18 to 
do. Little Andaman, 30 miles S. is ^ miles long, 
and 17 broad. Here are the banyan tree, the aX^ 
knond tree, the oil tree, tall aiul affording oil, 
which is extracted by filling an excavation of the 
trunk with fire, the vine tree of extreme hardness ; 
abundance of fine shells, moUuscas, and fish. Pop. 
about 2,500. Lon.arE. Lat. 10* af 14" N. 

Aridanuu^ t Persia, in Khuzistan, 130 mu W. la- 
Jtahan. 

Andance, i. France, dep. of the Ardeche. Pop. 
860. 7 leagues S. Vienne. 

Andaye, t. France, in the Lower Pyrenees, 2i 
leagues S. St. Jean de Luz. 

Andechud, U Bulkh, on the Jihon, 60 m. S. S. W. 
Bulkh. 

Andeer, t. Switzerland, in the Grisons, 8 m. S. 
S. W. Tusis- 

Andegan^ or Fergana/i^ t. in Turkestan, capital 
of the district of Ferganah, 210 m. N. N.E. Sa- 
marcand. Lon. 67* 30* E. Lat. AT 18' N. 

Ande\fingtn^ U Switzerland, in the canton of 
Zurich, on the Thur, 17 m. N. N. £. Zurich. Pop. 
2,000. 

Andelis^ t. Normandy, properly consisting of 
two, viz. the Great and Little Andeli, in the Eure. 
Top. 5j256. 8 leagues S. E. Rouen. 

Andtllyy r. Fnmoe, falls into the Seine 9 m. 
above Rouen. 

Andehpaehj r. Germany, runs into the Danube 
near Scheer. 

Anderaby t. Usbeck Tartary, 130 m. from Bulkh. 
Lon.68'40'E. LatSfi^^N. 

Anderlechi, t Netherlands. 3 m. S. W. Brussels. 

Andermait. See Urseren. 

Andemaekf t. on the Rhine, in the grand dutoliy 
of the Lower Rhine, 6 m. N. W. Coblentz, 25 S. 
S. E. Cologne. Pop. 2^)20. 

Attdero^ isL gulf of Mexico, S. S. E. Cape Gra- 
cfiaraDiot. Lat. 12*'30' N. 

Andertvn, p-v. Sussex co. N. J. 

AndertOHy co. East Tennessee, on Clinch r. N. 
W. KnoxviUe. Chief t. Clinton. Pop. 4,668. 
Slave*, 349. Engaged in agriculture, 1^10 ; in 
qommeroe,4. 
' Andertan^ t Hamilton co. Ohio. Pop. 2,122. 

Andenon^a hland^ on the N. W. coast of Amer- 
lea. Lon.I6r40'W. Lat 63* ION. 

Afiderton'9'Honj p-v. Caswell co. N. C. 56 m. 
K.W.Raleigh. 

AndenotCty r. Indiana, runs into the Ohio be- 
low Troy. 

Andenonrilk, p-v. Edgefield district, S. C. 

AndertonmlUip^T^ Hancock oo. Mississippi. 

Andea^ Called by the Spaniards Cordillera de 
lo8 Andes, an immfmie chaui of moontaini whkdi, 



AND 

under various namet, nmi through the ^ole ooo' 
tinent of America. They commence near the 
straits of Magellan in lat. 54" S. and pa&.«Tng along 
the ooast of the Pacific ocean, through Patagonia, 
Chili, Peru, and New Granada, cross the isthmus 
of Darien into North America, where still pursu- 
ing a northerly course, they pass through Guati- 
mala. New Spain, the United States, and Br:tisb 
America, and terminate, it is supposed, on the Fro- 
zen ocean, in lat 70^ N. In Chili they are about 
120 miles in breadth. Various branches diverge 
from the main chain, in La Paz, Potosi, and Tucu- 
man, to the E. connecting the Andc8 of Peru and 
Chili with the ridges of Brazil. In Peru the An- 
des are divided into three ridra, and about the 
6th degree of S. lat. are united mto a single chain. 
They again divide, on entering Quito, into two 
chains, and farther N. from 2* to 5" N. lat. into 
three. The E. ridge divides the valley of the riv- 
er Macdalena from the plnms of Rio Meta. The 
central chain, which divides the waters of the Bio 
Magdalena from those of Rio Cauca, often attains 
the limits of perpetual snow. The W. separates 
the valley of Cauca from the ooast of the Pacific 
ocean. Its highest elevation is scarcely 5,000 feet, 
and it sinks so low in its progress N. tbut its course 
can scarcely be traced into the isthmus of Darien. 
The three chains are blended together in the 6th 
and 7th de«prees of N. lat After passing the isth- 
mus of Danen, the Andes in Mexico are spread in- 
to vast plains, from 6^000 to 8,000 feet above the 
level of the sea, from which insulated mountains, 
with volcanic summits, covered with perpetual 
snow, rise to the height of 15,000, 16,000, and 
17,000 feet Several of the most elevated p«aks 
of the Andes have been scaled, and their heights 
accurately measured, by Humboldt and M. Bonp- 
land. According to the observations of these 
travellers, who ascended to the height of 19,300 
feet, Chimborazo rose 2,140 feet higher, making 
iU total height to be 21,440 feet above the level of 
the sea. The volcano of Antisano was found to l3e 
19,150 feet high, and that of Cotopaxi only 260 
feet lower. The Andes in the tropical regions, 
from their elevation, comprehend within a short 
space, every variety of temperature, and of the 
vegetable tribes. On the declivity, from about 
3,000 to 5,000 feet above the level of the sea, there 
reigns perpetually a soft spring temperature, 
which never varies more than 7 or 9 degrees of 
Fahrenheit The limit of perpetual congela- 
tion under the equator has been fixed, by Hum- 
boldt, at 15,700 feet, and at 15,000 feet in the lati- 
tude of 20^. Between the tropics, from the level 
of the sea to the height of from S^/XK) to 5,000 feet, 
cassava, cacao, maize, plantains, indigo, sugar, cot- 
ton, and cofiee, are cultivated. Between the alti- 
tudes of 6,000 and 9,000 feet lie^ the climate best 
suited for the culture of all kinds of European 
min. Beyond the limit of 9,000 feet large trees 
begin to disappear. The grasses clothe the ground 
at an elevation of from 13,500 to 15,100 feet, and 
from this to the regions of ice and snow, the only 
plant is the lichen, which covers the rocks, and 
seems even to penetrate under the snow. The 
name Andes, is commonly applied only to that 
put of the chain which is in South America. 
The part in Mexico is called the CorditUras if 
MtxiiQ^ and the part N. of Mexico, the Roekg 
JdoxmimnM. 

Andtty p-t Delaware co. N. Y. Pop. 1 ,f?78. 

AndeMogCj t France, dep. of the Lot and Ga- 
ronne, 10 m. N. E. Agen. 



AND 

wfhMJfmwi, or Deieneum^ t in Galiciaf 59 m. 
& a W. Cracow. 

^m^tk-BurUy cape on Uie N. cout of Natolia, 
in the Black Ma. Loo.35«22'E. Lat4r2r N. 

•fnAon, t Great Bakharia, 15 m. N. Vashgerd. 

wf lultea/la, t. Hind, in Malabar, 38 m. S. S. E. 
Calient. LaLl(f64'N. 

Andigutnt^ t Great Bukharia, 120 m. W. Ba- 



A N E 



41 



AndnerBy t. Penia, on the Persian gall Lon. 
fcTiarfe LatSS^Sd'N. 

AnHUa^ t. Spain, IS leagaes fr. Valencia. 

Andlau^ t. France, in the Lower Rhine, 18 m. 
S.S.W.Straabm^. Lon. 7* Sir E. Lat. 48" 24' N. 
Pbp. 2,184. 

AniOf isL in the North sea, near the coast of 
Lapland. Later 24' N. 

Andtt^t r. W. Africa, (aUs into the Atlantic in 
lat4'30'N. 

.4«hra, t. Genoa, S m. N. E. Onis^lia. 

Andomo^ t. Piedmont, 25 m. N. W. Vercelli, 15 
N.N.E.lTrea. 

Andarre^ t, Spain, in Catalonia, 9 m. N. Urgel. 

jfnrfoMr, t. England, in Hants, 18 m. E. N. E. 
Salisbory, 63 W. London. Pop. 3,295. 

Amdmxr^ t. Oxford oo. Maine. Pop. 368. 

^iuiwer,p-t. Hillsborough oo. N.H. on the Mep- 
rtmack, 18 m. N. W. Concord. Fop. 1,642. It 
contains a printing press, several mills and mann- 
Obctnres. In 1818, a l^j of f lO/XX) was be- 
qaeathed hj Mr. Joseph Noyes for the establish- 
ment of an Academy in this town. 

And€9ery L Windsor co. Vt. 20 m. S. W. Wind- 
sor. Pop. 957. 

Andmoer^ p-t. Emez co. Mass. 20 m. N. Boston ; 
16 W. N. W. Salem ; 90 S. W. Newbiiryport. 
Pop. 3,^9. FhiUipe' Academy in this town is 
the most flonrishing academy in the State. It was 
founded in 1778 fo^ the Hon. Samuel Phillips, Esq. 
of AndoFer, and his brother, tiie Hon. John Phil- 
lips, LL. D. of Exeter. Its officers are a principal, 
3 assistants, a teacher of sacred muflic and a writing 
master. The number of students in 1822 was 130, 
all of whom were pursuing the study of the learn- 
ed lai^ioagee. The institution is accommodated 
with a large and cammodioua brick building, 80 
feet by 4Di, erected in 1818, on a range with ^e 
buildings of the Theological Seminary. The 
Theological Seminary was founded in 1808, and 
haa.been rieUy endowed entirely by private boun- 
ty. ' The whole amount of what has been contrib- 
uted for permanent use in this seminary, including 
the permanent funds, library and public buildings, 
is more than three kundnd and Jiffy ihounnd tM' 
iartj and this has been contributed almost entirely 
from six foffitlies. In 1822 the officers were 4 pro- 
fessors, and the number of students was 132. The 
whole nnmber who have completed their educa- 
tion here is 312. The library contains about 5^000 
volumes. The buildingB are on a lofty eminence, 
and command an extensive prospect. They con- 
sist of an elegant brick edifice, jmitaining the 
ehapd, Ubrary and leeture roooK 2 spacious 
hridc edifices, containing rooms for me aocommo- 
datiooef t28fltadettt8; andhouses for each of the 
pro fess ers and the steward. A majority of the 
students are supported in whole or in part by char- 
ity. The Academy and the Theological Seminary 
are under the same Board of Trustees. 

A niB ver^ p*t. Tolland co. Conn. 15 m. £. Hart^ 
fold. 



Andooer^ t Sussex co. N. Y. 30 m. N. Trenton, 
40 W.N.W. New-York. 

Andaver<,X, Ashtabula co. Ohio. Pop. 185. 

AndamUe^ U France, in the Mayenne, 6 m« N. 
Laval. 

Andosfoeo^ U Peru, in Lima, 32 m. Sr £ Xauxa. 

Andragiry^ r. Sumatra, which falls into the sea 
on the E. coast in lat 0" 3(y S. 

Andrapoura, See Indrapoura, 

Adnuiadl^ or Andre, Si, t of the Austrian em- 
pire, in Carinthia, 20 m. E. N. E. Clagenfurt, and 
32S.E. Mahran. 

Atidreoy t W. Africa, on the Mesurado, 7 or 8 
m. from its mouth. 

Andreatbergy t Hanover, in Grubenhagen, con- 
taining mines of iron, cobalt, and silver. Pop. 
3,350. 10 m. S. S. E. Goslar. 

Andrenehy or Androna^ t Syria, 30 m. S. S. £. 
Aleppo. 

Andrei^ or Anderet,, t A. Turkey, in Natolia, 60 
m. E. Angora. 

Andrertkaui, bay on the coast of Siberia. Lon* 
9n4'E.Lat.76»2aN. 

Andrew, r. W. Africa, foils into the sea, about 
5* N. lat. 

Andrewth or Andre^ a Tartar v. near the Rus- 
sian government of Caucasus. 

Andrew^s bay, in the straits of Magellan, coast of 
Patagonia. 

Andria, t Naples, in Bari, 5 m. W. 8. W. 
Trani. 

Andria, t Asia, in Daghestan, 90 m. N. N. W. 
Derbend. 

Andrieau^ U Austria, in Galicia. Pop, 3,092. 

Andnnuu See Andrtneh, 

Androniga, t Cyprus, 16 m. N. Famagosta. 

Androt, or Andro^ooe of the Cyclades islands, in 
the Archipelago. Pop. 10/)00, mostly Greeks. 
The principal trade is m silk. 

Androt, the capital of the above is in Ion. 25* 2r 
E.Lat37*»46'N. 

Androttogrin, or Ameriieoggm, r. which forms 
the outlet ofUmbegog Lake. The first part of its 
course is in New-Hampshire, where it receives 
a branch called Peabody's river, rising in the 
White Mountams. After entering Maine it runs 
at first in an easterly and then in a southerly di- 
rection and joins the Kennebec at Merry meeting , 
bay, 18 miles from its mouth. Its whole course w 
about 150 miles. At Lewistown, near the mouth 
of the river, is a perpendicular fall of 30 foet. 

Andros Itlandt, or Met del Etniritu Sanio, 
among the Bahamas. Lon. 77" to 78* 15' W. Lat 
from 24* to 25' 20" N. 

Andrtua, t Eu. Itukey, in the Morea, 20 m. N. 
E. Naverin. 

./ffitfuMft France, in Cevennes, on the Garden, 
20 m. N. W. Nismes. Pop. 5,000. 

Anduxar, t. Spain, in Andalusia, oh the Gua- 
dalquiver, 6 leagues from Jaen. Pop. 14^000. 

Anedour, t. Hmd. 20 m. W. Madura. 

Awgada, isL W. Indies. Lon. 64" 22" W. Lat. 
iy46'N. 

Anegada^ bay on the coast of Patagonia, at the 
mouth of the Rio de los Sauces. Lat 44" 45' 8. 

Anemur^ cape and city of Carmania, in Asia 
Minor, 120 m. S. Konieh. Lon. 32" 30^ E. Lat 36" 
15' N. 

Anei, t France, in the Euro and Loire, 8 m. N.. 
Dreux. Pop. 1,570. 

Anel, V. Switzerland, 17 m. W. N. W. Berne. 
. AnfaaUy t. Persia, 30 m. N. W. Zareng. 



6 



a ANe 

Jf^adOK^ t Bavmrn, IS zn. N. W. Aiitpftch. 

AngaA, des6r|, Africa, betweoi Algiera mnd Mo- 
rocco. Inhabited bj fiarcae and war-like Arabs. 

M^fifanM^, t. in Coohio, 36 m. E, CranganDre. 

•^n^o/o^ t. Cevlon, 25 m. S. E. Colombo. 

*/Sngaf^ ill. ia the Fenian gulf, 8. of Kiihma iil. 

Angara^ r. Biberia« rises in lake Baikal, and 
passing Irkutsk, &ll8 into the Enisse J. 

Angara<tt. Thibet, 90 m. N. W. Dharmsaleh. 

wtfi^oniet, province, Peru, watered by some of 
the head streams of the Apurimac. Its capital ia 
Gnanoavelica. Fop. 3^45. 

JingoMtt^ isl. in the Indian ocean, E. Madagascar. 
Lon.5yi0fE.LatirS. 

Angeac, t. France, 3 leagues W. S. W. Cognac. 
Pop. 1300. 

Jingee Oariien, parish, Cote-de-Beaupre seign- 
iory. Lower Canada, on the St. Lawrence, 7| m. 
N. E. Quebec. 

AngMoa^ isL in the Indian sea, 44 m. 8. Goa. 
Lon. 74* E. Lat 14" 44' N. 

Angdt r. Germany, runs into the Ems, near 
Mnnster. 

AngekmOi t Persia, in Irak, 25 m. N. Koom. 

Angeles, See Pudda de lot Angeles* 

AngeHetki p-t. and cap. Alleghany oo. N. T. on 
Genesee r. 8. E. Buffalo. Pop. 1,510. , 

t/fngeln, or Anglen^ district, Denmark, on the 
£. coast <i Sleswick, between the bay of Fleus- 
hw and the river Schley. 

Angdniem^ t. Russia, in Finland, 22 m. E. 8. 
£. Abo. 

AngenUa^ isl. at the E. entrance of the straits of 
Sunda. Leo. 106^ SS' E. Lat. 5" 48- S. 

Angenwed^ L Hind, in Concan, 95 m. 8. Bom- 
bay. 

,^er, t. Styria, 12 m. N. N. E. Grata. 

Anger^ L Austria, 8 m. S. St. Polten. 

AngerbaeK^ r. Pnusia, lalls into the Havel, near 
Potsdam. 

Anger&urg^ t Prussia, 56 m. 8. £. Konigsberg. 

Angene Poinl^ on N. coast of Java. Lon. 105** 

Ang^rmann^a^ r. Sweden, (alls into the gulf of 
Bo^a,atHemosand. Lat62°32'N. 

An^rmannland^ district, Sweden, on the golf 
of Bothnia, bounded N. W. by Bothnia, and Asele, 
~ ~ rk, 8. by Medelpad, 



and \V. by JamtUind. It belongs to jfemosand. 

Angenmmde^ t. in the grand dutchy of the Lower 
Rhine, 7 m. N. DnsKldorf. 

,^ii|«niniii^t. Prussia, in the Ucker Mai^ of 
Brandanboiil, 40 m. N. Berlin. 

Angert, city, France, cap. of the Maine and 
Loire, on the Mayenne. Slate quarries and mines 
of iron and coal, are found in the neighbouriiood. 
Here are manu&ctured atamine, camlets, seige 
and other stufls, hata, and leather. 22 leasuea 
W. Tours, and 30 8. E. Rennes. Pop. 28,927. 

Angerville^ v. France, 9 leagues 8. Versailles. 

AngerviUe VAreker 9nd Angerville la Martel,^ 
towns, France, in Lower Seine. 

AngoKUi^ t Persia, in Irak, 60 m. S. 8. E. Cas- 
biii. 

An^kiari^ t Italy, in the grand dutchy of Tuscan 
9y ; another, near the Adige. 

Anghiera^ t Italy, on the Laco Maggiora, at the 
egress of the Ticino, 30 m. N. W. MiJan. 

Angira^ t. Persia, 30 m. W. Schirax. 

An^isliia^ r. Naptes, rises in Calabria Ultra, and 
runs into ttia gulf olEuieaaia, 8 m. N. Monte Leone. 
Lon. l€-28'K.L8t.3y4TN. 



AN 6 

AngittTh isL in the nilf of Eogia, on the coast 
of Greece. Lon. 23" 22' E. Lat. 37* 41' N.^ 

Anglade^ t* France, 7 leagues N. Bordeaux. 

Anglardy t. France, 12 leagues N. W. St. Flour. 

AngU^t France, 10 leagues £.8. E. Poitien. 

AngUy t. France, 4 leagues W. Lucon. 

Angles^ or Angle^ t. France, 19 leagues HV. 
Montpelier. Pop. 2^. 

Anglesey^ isl. and co. N. Wales, in the Iridi ses, 
separated from the mainiand bv Menai strait, 
and oontaininx 402 square miles. Its copper mines 
formerly yielded from 40,000 to 80,000 tons year- 
ly, employing 1500 miners ; 12 or 15 years ago 1000 
miners were employed ; but in 1809, only 600. 
Lead ore is found here ; and coal is obtained in 
considerable quantity. Grain and cattle are the 
chief products of Anglesey; 100,000 bushels of 
|;rainare exported in favourable seasons. The 
island contains 77 parishes, 7,183 houses, and 
37,045 inhabitants comprised in 7,706 familieSf d 
which 5,376 aro occupied in agriculture, 1,453 in 
trade and manufactures. 

AngksolaA. Spain, in Catalonia, 10m. W.N. 
W» Cervera. 

AngletqueptlU^ t. France, 7^ leagues N. Rouea. 

Angiel^ t France, ^ league W. S. W. Bayonne. 

Angbrit^ CiU de Soe, a secure harbour on the S. 
£. of Martinico island. 

AngoLtciij in Chili, on the Biobio, destroyed 
by the incursions of the Araucanian Indians, 60 
m. S. E. Conception. 

Ang0lay usually described ta a kingdom of W. 
Africa, immediately 8. of Congo, oompriset in 
mercantile language, the whole coast, from Cape 
Lopez Gonsalvo, to St. Phelipe de BengueU, or 
from r to 12° S. lat. It is resorted to for slaves. 
At St. Paul de Loango, 8^** 8. lat. is the diief 
Portuguese establishment for supplying Bnzil 
with negroes. The number annually tnuuported 
does not fidl short of 40/)0a 

•^n^oro, Angura^ or Jfnfofo, city, A. Tuikej,in 
Natolia, surrounded by mountains. Shawls rival- 
ling those of Cashmero are fiibricated of the hair of 
the Angora goat It is long and of a silken texturs. 
The goat affords 200 or 300 drams of it, and is 
ihoin twice a-year. As the neighbourixig territo- 
ry is more profitably employed in rearii^ these 
animals, the city is supplied from a distance with 
grain, but opium is extensively cultivated, and a 
great quantity of honey and wax is obtained. 
The population is variously estimated from 40,000 
to 100,000. Hiey consist of Mahometans and 
Christians ; the Isiter have a Greek and Ar- 
menian archbishop and 7 churchea. 212 m. E. 
8. E. Constantinople. Lon 33" 18' £. Lat. 40* 
4'N. 

Angodura, t. in New Grenada, on the Magda- 
lene, 140 m. N. Santa Fe de Bogota. 

Angoule^ r. Syria, flowing into the lake of Aoti- 
och, 10 m. N. N. £. Antioch. 

AngovJeme^ eiiYy France, on the Charente,2D 
leagues N. N. E. Bordeaux. It is the capital of the 
department of the Charente. Pop. 14,745. This 
town gives the title of duke to a nephew of the 
present king of France. 

Ang€umaity formerly a province of France, now 
fonnipg part of the depailments of the Charente, 
the Charente Inferieur, the Dordogne, and tha 
Deux Sevres. 

Angmttdvu^i, Tibet, 10 m. a Dharmsaleh. 

wffigoani, r. in Mosambique, f). Africa, eamties 
in hit. 16*30 8. 



AN J 

j9iifr«|i-|>.uid cap. ofTflroera, me of the Aiores. 

h ii tlieimleiice of the Portiuruese local govem- 
rnaat Lea. Sri^r W. LaL S^ 38' N. 

Amgmde h§ A«|ier,^ty, Brazil, in Rio Janeiro, 
ooasoiallbay. Lon. 44'' IV W. Lat 93" 4^ S. 

Jmgmk, r. Abyseiniay raes near Gondar, and 
&Ua into the Tacaize. 

JngrU, t Franee, in the Maine and Loire, 5 
kmes W. N. W. Angen. 

Angngm, a oonunune in the yallej of Loceine, 
in FiedsKint, turroanded bj loftj mountain% in 
niny placea inaooeesible. It was the lait ^treat 
of the pcfiecoted Wa&denBei. 
Jh^ia^ t Tibet, 75 m. N. Jemlah. 
Angwatkt district, Abyssinia, on a river of the 
suaenameyfiOni. EL Axiim. 

^ttf^uiiMiifm, id. in the Mediterranean, near the 
£.eoest<tfaerdiBia. Lat.4(frN. 

An^mtk, or Snakt Jtkmd, the most N. of the 
Csribbeeib 10 Icagaes in length, and 3 in breadth. 
ItB productions are tobacco, maixe, and sugar. 
It ti a flovrishins Missionary station. Lat. 18^ 
WTN. 

«4i^uiaa, one of the Bahama islands. N. W. of 
t^ i2ud ii the AngttUla Bankf or O^fOi de lot 
Pomes. Lea.78°5CrW.Lat23<'36'N. 

AngmUarm^ t. Italy, vicariate of Padua, near 
the Adige, 6 m. N. N. £. Rovigo. Pop. 9,860. 

AmguiUmnh r- Italy* at the outlet of firaociamo, 
12BI.N. W.Ronie. 

AngmOt^ Cape^ on the W. coast of Newfound- 
had. Lat 4r ST N. 
Amgtdtyt t. Hind, in the Mysore, 32 m. £. Sera. 
AngiawiaiK^ t Spain, in Old Castile, on the 
Ebro,8fli.N. CaJzada. 
Anguk See Fotfar^ Cmmijf of, 
wJagviTrtna, t France, in the eastern Pyrenees, 
6ksgiiesS.£. Ax. 

Ankail^ principsdity, Germany, bounded N. by 
the Mirk of Brandenbui|;,£. by the dutchy of Sax- 
ODj, 3. W. by the county of Mansfield, and N. W. 
hj Bnuwwiok, Halberstadt, and Magdeburg. It is 
60 Biles long and 12 to 16 broad ; containing 924 
sinere miles, and 110,000 inhabitants. The 
country is level, and productive in com, tobacco, 
sad fruits. Cattle and wood form the chief arti- 
eUi of export The religion is the Calvinist 
The eotire revenue is at least 600^000 dollars, ez- 
elusive of ths poesessions of the Dessau branch in 
Pruisia, Silesia, aivl other parts of Germany. The 
priaeipal propnetors of Anhalt, are the heads of 
the houses of Bemburg, Dessau, end Kothen. 
Each of the thr^ princes has full sovereignty 
over his reapeetive domains. 

Ankoit^ id. Denmark, in the Cattegat, between 
Losoe sod Zealand, surrounded by sand banks. 
Lon. 11* 35' E. Lat56*38 N. 

wfnAett, t castle, and domain, Germany, be- 
tween Monster, Cloves, and Zutphen, on the Old 
Tasel, and belonging to the house of Selm, now 
oooupiod by Prosua, 90 m. £. Nimeguen. 
«4fV€, Ue, Little BQkharia,60 m. S. Hotun. 
^tttaiM, or St Beneir, t France, in Herault, 5} 
liaioes W. by N. Montpelier. 

AniairSlrmis^ between tiie N. £. point of Asia, 
and the N. W. point of America. 

^nyar, t Syria, between Aleppo and Alexan- 
dria. 

Anmif t Hind, in Mysore, 18 m. 8. Banga- 
lore. 

Anjtnif9%,Kui fort. Hind, in Travmnoore, at 
the mouth of abroad and deep river« 70 m. from 
Cipe Ccmorin, 40 N. W. Travancore. 



ANN «| 

Annar^ v. on the N. ooast of Javay on abay, 78 
m. W. Batavia. 

AnimdO^y or AnimdUi^fa^ t Hind. 18 m. 6. Co- 
imbetoor, 35 W. Daraporum. Iion. 77? 3^ £. 
Lat 10" 41' N. 

Anirukf v. Russia, in Perm. Its copper-mine 
produces yearly about 250 tons of copper. 

AnidOf t Naples, 13 m. 8. Miootera. 

AnjoUf fonnerly a provinoe of France, now di- 
vided among the depfljrtments of Loire, Inferienroi 
Vendee, Indre and Loire, Sarthe, iUe and Vilainie^ 
Mayenne, and Deux-Sevres. ' 

AmtMy or 7am6aeyofie, bay at the S. extremity 
of the island Sagfaalin. Lon. 144** fO' £. Lat 40" 
10' N. 

w^ftfaqn^^ t Hind. 5 m. N. £. Cosnmeotta. 

jffiAflpO^t Hind. 20 m. W. Rajamundry. 

Anker^n En^. falls into the Tame, attamworth, 
in Warwickshire. 

AnkexfieUf v. Scotland, in Ro»Bhire| 4 br. S. 
Tain. 

Anklamy t Germany, in Pomerania* Both its 
inland and mtoitime commerce are of considerable 
importance. 36 m. S. S. £. Straliuad. 

Ankun^ t Germany, in Anhalt, near Zerbst 

Anlegy^ V. France, 6 leajpies £. Nevers, 

Annumiagoodjfy t Hind, m Marawar, 90 m^ N. 
Ramanadporum, and 60 S. Ta^jore. 

Anmburgy t in the Prussian dutchy of Saxeny, 
S. £. of Wirtemberg, 45 m. N. N. W. Dresden. 

Awnagfij V. IrehuHi, C<»^k co. 5 m. from Charle- 
ville. 

Annagh^ isL on the W. ooast of Irehmd. Lat 

Annaghy isl. Ireland, in the Lough Conn, eoun^ 
try of Mayo, 8 m. from KiUida. 

Annai^ JVon, or Annadmanf isL on the S. W. 
ooast of Ireland, 22 m. W. Galway. Loo. 9" SO' 
W. Lat 63" 18' N. 

Afmagoondyj or Bijanagur^ city. Hind, on the 
N.bankoftheToombudra. Loii.7r84' £.Lat 
15°14'N. QeeBitnmr. 

Annahf t Asiatic Turkey, on the Euphrates, 
150 m. from Bagdad. 

Afmamaboe^ t Africa, on the Geld coast, for- 
merly a great market for the slave trade. • 

Annamooka, or Rotterdam^ one of the Friendlv 
Mands in die Pacific ocean. Lon. 174** 31' W. 
Lat 20^ 16^8. 

Annan^ bor. and s-p. Scotland^ DunlHeshire, 
on the Annan, 14 m. from Dumfries. 56 S. Edin- 
burgh. It has a good harbour. Shipping 750 or 
800 tons. Pop. 2,500. 

Annanf r. Scotland, runs into the Solwa^ frith. 

Amuauittle^ district, Scotland, Dumfrieshiva, 
on the Annan. 

AnnapoHt^ city, Ann-Anudel co. Md. on the S. 
bank of the Severn, 30 m. S. Baltimore, 40 E. N. 
£. Washix^n. Pop. about 2,000. It is the seat 
of the State government The State4iouse is a 
iM>ble edifice, staiMling in the centre of the city. 
From this point the streets diverge in every direo*- 
tion like the radii of a circle. Shipping in 1815, 
2,563 tons. 

Annapoki^ r. Nova Scotia, runs into the bav of 
Fundy. It is navigable for ships of any buruian 
10 miles ; and 15 miles for those of 100 tons. 

AnnapoHMy co. Nova Scotia, on Annspolis river. 

Ann&p9lu Ro^ s-p. Nova Scotia, on the river 
and bsy of Annapolis. The port is one of the 
finest in the world, from 6 to 18 fiithoms deep, and 
large enough to contain several hundred sl^ps, 
Lon. fiS*^ 2? W. Lat 44» 49^ N. 



44 



A N t > 



AwAoar^ p-y. Mauiy co. Ten. 

Annr^ryndd, co. Md. on the W. side of Cheaa- 
peake bay. Pop. 97,165, slaves, 10,301 ; enga- 
ged in agriealtare, 8^84, in commerce, 190, in 
manaftctures, 9 1 4. Chief t. Annapolis. 

Afmayj Sardinia, cap. of the Savoyese datdiy 
of Generois, and after Chamberry, the larvest 
town iA Savoy, is on Annecy lake, 90 m. S. Ge- 
neva. Lon. S* SV E. Lat. 45"* 50' N. Pop. 

6^i9a 

AnMndm^ v. France, dep. of the North, 3 leagues 
a W.Lille. Pop. 1,500. 

Awnobtm^ isL Africa, on the coast of Congo, 300 
»L W. Cape Lopez. Lon. S** J(y £. Lat V 
3r 8. 

Anmnufy. t. France, at the Junction of the 
Caoce and Deome, famous for its manulaetures of 
excellent paper. 12*^ leagues N. Privas. Lon. 6" 
50r£.Lat.45M5'N. Pop. 5,800. 

jffUtOfM, t Piedmont, in the district of Alessan- 
dria, on the Lanaro. 

Jhmotyt France, dep. of the Lower Alps, 8 
leagues E. S. £. Digne. Lon. 6° 49* E. Lat 48^ 
6TN. Pop. 1,090. 

AnnnmaK, or Annofu^^ t Algiers, 32 m. E. 
Constantina, 

wtfmu6tirv', p-t. Washington co. Maine, 30 m. 
N. W. Machias. 

AnnniUe^ p-v. Dinwiddie co. Va. 55 m. S. Rich- 
mond. 

AnnmlUf p-v. Athens oo. Ohio. 

Aruiuntiadaf Pointy on the W. coast of Africa. 
Lat 15* BO'S. 

AruMMhAr^ t Hind, in Delhi, on the Ganges, 
iDlat«»srN. 

Anoneer^ v. Spain, 12 m. N. E. Toledo. 

AnsttuciOerj v. Prance, in Oise, 7 leagues N. E. 
Btettvais. 

Amedoma^ t Italy, in the grand dutchy of Tus- 
cany. 

AnagOy t Asiatic Turkey, 55 m. N. N. W. Diar- 
bekir. 

Afuoy or Ropoa ^ Atuo^ fort, in Venice, 20 m. 
N. N. W. Brescia. 

Antony p-t Somerset oo. Maine, on the Kenne- 
bec, 12 m. N. W. Norridgewock. Pop. 948. 

Antony CO. N. C. on the Yadkin, S. W. Raleigh. 
Pop. 12,534 ; slaves, 3,476 ; en^ged in agricul- 
ture, 3,766, in commerce, 36, in manufactures, 
144. Chief t Wadesborou^. 

AnMfCt BiUfy on the W. coast of Norfolk island. 

AmonU IdanL See Bouhti, 

Antpaihy or OnoMaihy formerly a principality 
of Germany, but now mostly included in the cir- 
cles of the Resat, and the Upper Danube, in Ba- 
varia. 

Antpachy the capital of the circle of the Reiat, 
in Bavaria, 30 m. S. W. Nuremberg. Lon. 10° 
33'E.Lat49»12rN. Pop. 11,924. 
/ Anttruther WetUty bor. parish, and s-p. Scot- 
land, in Fifeshire, on the N. shore of the frith of 
Fortli, 23 m. N. E. Edinburgh. Pop. 393. 

Ania. SMAkanlah. 

Antalia, See SaUUia. 

Antahy t Abyssmia, cap. of Enderta, 67 m. S. 
E. Adowa. 

AniandrOy t A. Turkey, in Natolia, on the gulf 
of Adramiti, 12 m. S. Adramiti. 

AniaraHk Fiord, bay on the W. coast of W. 
Greenland. Lon. 49" 45' W. Lat 64" 40^ N. 

AniegrwiOy t lUly, 4 m. W. N. W. Brescia. 

Aniequeroy t Spain, 26 m. N. N. W. Malaga, 64 
W.Granada. Pop.l3»00a 



ANT 

AnUquera, See Oaxaea, 

AntoTy t Arabian Irak, 8 m. a S. W. Konub 

Anthonjfy Forty Dutch settlement on the «M 
coast of Guinea, on the W. extremity of Cape 
Three Points, 25 m. E. ApoUonia. 

Anthonjf CaeeU hUmdy in the Pacific ocean. 
Lon. 152" 50 E. Lat 3° 10' S. 

Anikony*t Cruky p-v. Greenfariar ca Va. 

AnUumy'i KiUy r. N. Y. empties into the Hud- 
son from the W. 7 m. above the Mohawk. 

Anihon^i Abse, a lofty promontory, on the E. 
side of Hudson r. 52 m. N. New Totk. 

Aniibu^ s-p. France, on the Mediterranean, it 
is an important barrier on the side of Italy. Lon. 
ril'E. 

Antieoiiy t Italy, in the States of tbeChuitah, in 
the Campagna di Roma. 

AnticoMHy isL in the mouth of the St Lawrence, 
1 25 miles long, and 30 broad. It has no harbtn- and 
is uncultivated. Two persons appointed by goT- 
emment reside on it to assist those idio may have 
the misfortune to be wrecked on the desc^te 
coast Lcm. of the E. point, 62° 0^ W. Lat 49* 
5'N. 

^filigarea^isL in the Indian sea, neartbe coast 
ofCorcan,30m.N.Gheriah. Lon. 72" 58' E. Lat. 
ir W N. 

AnHgnanOy t Istria, 3 m« N. N. E. Pedena. 

Antiguoy ist W. Indies, 50 m. in circumference, 
and containing 93^ sq. miles, pr 59,838 acres, the 
greater part of whidi is api»opriated to the growth 
of sugar. The other prmcipal staples are ootton, 
wool, and tobacco. The official value of tfaeim- 
ports and exports were, ix^ 1809, imports, 198,1211; 
exports, 216,0001 In 1810, imports, 2854581 ; 
exports, 182,392/. Pop. in 1817, 35,739, of whcon 
2,102 were whites, 438 free blacks, and 31453 
slaves. It is the beat of ancient and successful 
missionary establishments. Their schools contain- 
ed, at the last returns, 1,400 scholars, and their ef- 
forts have eflected a happy change in the morals 
of the blacks and coloured people. Lon. W 38^ to 
61* 53' W. Lat 17" to 17" 12' N. St John'b is the 
capital. 

Aniihbanusy mountains in Syria, being paK of 
the chain of Libanus. 

AniiUety a name sometimes given to certain isl- 
ands in the West Indies. They are dirtingnished 
into Greater and Less. The G reater oomprahend 
Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, and Porfo Rioo ; and 
the Less, Oruba, Cnracoa, Buen Aire, Maigarettn, 
Tortuga, Saluda, and Orchilla, near the coast of 
8. America. ^ 

AnHn^ t France, in Upper Pyrenees, 20 leairaeB 
W.S. W.Toulouse. ^ 

Antinoy Cwiia if, t Naples, in AbrUBo Ultra, 
11 m. N. W. Sora, 25 S. AquiUu 

AnHoehy now called Antaki or Antakie by the 
Turks, a city of Syria, on the S. bank of the Onm- 
tes. It is surrounded by walls, inclosing a space 
of more than a mile and a half in diameter. It is 
governed by a mohassel, dependent on tl^ Pacha 
of Aleppo. It is also the residence of a patriardi 
ef the Greek church. 50 m. W. Aleppo. Pop. 
18,150, of whom 15,000 are Mahometans, 3^)0 
Christians, and 150 /ews. Lon. 35"^ IT E. Lat 
38»6'N. 

Antioehey Pertuit (f , strait, W. coast of Fhmoe, 
separates the island of Oleron from those of Rhe 
and Aix. 

AniioeheUOy t A. Turkey, on the coast of Cara- 
mania, 88 m. S. Kooieh. Lon. 32" fOT E. Lat. 
36* 6' N. 



ANT 

AnUBfrna^ provinee. New Gnoiada, NMmded 
K. b J Cartfaagenm, & bj Pc^yan, E. by SanU Fe, 
W.hyChoco. It ^ttmnui goki minefc Its oipi- 
talsSutaFe. Lon. 74? W W. Lat. 6* SCK N. 

Amtamrm, iiL in the Grecna erdiipelii^ be- 
tween Paroa and Smhanto. Here is a oayern or 
grotto in the lide of a rodt, about S milea from the 
abore, in height eo yards, in width im Its i 



AP A 



45 



are crystallized inai1»le, and present a splendid 
scene when lighted op. AnLYf.Vmnt, hoa.fff' 
13rE. LaLSr^N. 

AnhpmgOy AnttpoMt^ or AnHamOuu^ isL near 
Cof€a« indoded in the repablie of the Ionian isles. 

jfnlqMne^ t. Rossia, on Volga r. 100 m. a Sara- 
tov. 

.^nJ^msfc, t. Roma, on the Volga, inhabited by 
Coesacs of the Don, lOOm. & Saratov. 

AnHpmm^ isL in the Grecian Archipelago, S m. 
Ir.Ipseni. Lon.95«33rE. Lat.S8'4rN. 

./Aii^tHinitiqgtoneo.PaL Pop. 757. 

wf nUtsmo, a Fokanic sommit of the Andes, in 
Quito, 19,150 feet above the level of the sea. 

wfaltenc, hamlet in the Andes, 3,800 feet above 
Quito, and 13,500 feet above the levri of the sea ; 
the highest inhabited plaoe on the g^obe. 

AnHMtrif t A. Turkey, in Albania, on the gulf 
of Venkie,38m.S.£. Ragusa. Lat4r«5'N. 

Anilmtrf^ t. Austria, 6 m. £. EntserstorS 

wft rt s ti ie, tClaA eo. Aricansas Ter. Pop. Sa 

Animmg^ t. Netherlands, in Hainaolt, on the 
Scheldt, 4 m. fr. Touroay. Pop. 1,60a 

Aniant or Tfcsl, r. Eng. rises 10 m. N. Andover, 
endt a kw the name of Southampton water at Red- 
bridge, which is retained mitil its discharge into 
the sea at Spithead. 

AniomiWj t. Russia, in Minsk, 16 m. & S. E. 
Mo^r. 

AfUcmgil, bay, on the £. coast of Madagascar. 

.^filsmie^ t. France, in Dordogne, on the Die, S 
leagues fr. Perigeuz. 

Anim^ L Franoe, noted for candle mannlacto- 
rica. Pop. 1,290. Sleagues & & W. Paris. 

Antnkguti^ L Franoe, in Ardeche. Pop^ 1,500. 
4ileagaeeW. Privas. 

Anirmuh, t. France, dep. of the Hie and Vilaine. 
Pop. i;375. 9 leagues N. E. Rennes. 

.'fnlramy t France, in the Nievre, 4 leagues E. 
Coane. 

AtUrify r. Heme, flows into the Sohwalm at ZelL 

.^nfrMi, maritime county of Ireland, in Uls- 
ter. Its manofectnres are linen yam, white and 
brown linen, wool, canvas, paper, and kelp. It 
has an iron ibnndery, fisheries, and exports great 
quantities of butter. Chief towns, Antrim and 
BelfesL Pop. in 1812,S40/K)0. 

Antrim, t. Ireland, in the above county, at the 
N. end of Loo^ Neagh. Pop. 3,183. IS m. N. W. 
Belfittt,84N.I>ublin. 

Anirimy p*t. HiUsboiough co. N. H. 25 m. S. W. 
CoDDotd. Pop. i;330. 

Antrim^ t. Franklin eo. Pa. Pop. 4,120. 

^iifre<qgn,t. Naples, in Basaiciita, 11 m. N. E. 

Anirm^ isL on tiie W. coast of France, at the 
movtb-of the Garomie. 

AitUkoy t. Turicish Armenia, 25 m. N. N. E. 
Jfpira. 

Wwlrimigft, people, in the interior of Madagas- 
car. 

wlnfMCi-p, ei^, Netherlands, in Brabant, on' the 
Scheldt. Its citadel is on the S. side of the town. 
Its faaihor iadeep and oommodieus, capable of con- 
tahuag 14m vesMli. Antwwp waa Ibiiiierlj the 



greatest place of trade in Europe, andhad a nu- 
merous pq^ralation, but the policy of the Dutch 
closed up the navigation of the Scheldt, and tun- 
ed the trade to Amsterdam. These two cities are 
now, however, under the same government, and 
the naviAtion of the river being open, the com- 
merce of Antwerp has berun to revive. It has an 
elegant cathedral churw, stadthouse, and ez- 
chuige; and a vast warehouse for Baltic merclian- 
diie. In the parish church of St James are depos- 
ited the remams of Rubens. The inhabitants are 
employed in jewellery, sucar-refining, and linen- 
Ueaching, and in the manumcturing of cotton, lace, 
andcaipetk Antwerp has repeatedly experienced 
the calamities of war. In 1576 it was plundered 
by the Spaniards; surrendered to the duke of 
Marlborough m 1706 \ the French took it in 1746, 
restored it to Austria at the peace of Aiz-la^ha- 
peUe ; re-occupied it in 1794, and retained it dmv 
mg the next twenty years. 22 m. N. Brussels, 
22 fr. Ghent. Lon. 4^ 28' £. Lat 5r 14' N. Pop. 
6i,80a » 

Antwerp^ p-t Jefierson 00. (N. T.) N. E. Water- 
town. Pop. 1,319. 

AmaUy p-t Lebanon 00. Pk. 17 m* fr. Harri*- 
buijh. Pop. 2,322. 

AnvUie idanilt iu the gulf of Georgia, on the.N« 
W. coast of America. Lon.23r*3^£. Lat49» 
SO'N. 

AwmAna, fort, A. Russia, 50 m. W. N. W. Bi- 
isk. Lon. 83" 14^ E. LaL 58" N. 

Amteikry t Bavaria, dutchy of Deux-Ponts,-oii 
the Queich, 6 m. from Landau. Pop. 1,800. 

i^fuo, r. Piedmont, joins the Tosa near Vo- 

Ansarba, or i/9fMcar6a,t A. Turkey, in Adana, 
30m.N.E. Adana,30W. S.W.Mara8cb. Lon. 
35''4&'E. Lat 37* 4' N. 

ArmeOf or Jtftceera, region in the interior of W. 
Africa, behind Congo. 

.^nsifctes, r. Guatimala, runs E. into the Carib- 
bean sea. Lon.82'60'W. Lat 10*5' N. 

.^nsiiU, or AnMugiama^ t Japan, in Niphon, on 
lake Meaco, 80 m. N. E. Meaoo. 

w^er,i8l.offtheE. coast of Malacca. Lon. 104* 
35'E. Lat2<'25'N. 

Aorte, t France, in the Landes, 4 leagues S, 
Daz. 

AotiOj a dutchy in Piedmont, separated by the 
Alps from Savoy and the Valais. Pop. 66,000. 

AoitOy chief t in ihe above dutchy, on the Doria, 
at the foot of the Alps, at the meeting of the ^reat 
commercial roads m»n Savoy and the Valais to 
Piedmont Pop. 5,550. 25 m. N. W. Ivrea, 150 
N. N. W. Turin. 

AottOj t Syria,near the sea, 35 m. S. Tripoli. 

Aouktl, SeejHbiMM. 

Amuii^ t Franoe, on the Drome, 6 leagues 8. 
Valence. 

Aoutioi, U Eu. Turkey, in Romania, 44 m, W. 
N. W. Burgos. 

AouMj t Arabia Petr«a,near the Red sea, 95 
m. & Calaat el Moilah. 

AifSfpa^i. Spain, in Navarre, 10m. N. W. Pam- 
peluna. 

Ao^^ or Ao^ t Spain, in Navarre, on the 
Trate, 10 m. N. W. Sangnesa. 

Apalaehian. See AUeghany MowUavu. 

ApaUuhU, r. Georgia, the S. branch of the Ooo- 
neoi which it joins 4 m. W. Greensboro*. 

Aptnn. See Acnn» 

w^jManeo, or i)^t Persia, on the Tigris, 27 
m.fr. Bagdad. 



46 



APO 



ApttmiM^ t Afifttic Turkey, on the Meander, 100 
s. W. EddhiMar. 

Apanormia^ t od the N. W. ooest of Santorin, 
6 m. N.N.W. Scaro. Laii.95<'24'E. Lat 98*38rN. 

ApoMiij r. Circania, ram into the Knbaii, 75 bl 
SLTaman. 

Apauo^ t Mexico, 42 m. N. Mezieo. 

Apatthinakj t iu Kamtaehatka, on the Bolichaia. 

Ap€hon^ t France, inCantal, 12 m. N. St Floor. 

Jipie^ one of the New Hebridet. in the Paeifie 
ocean, about 60 milea in circuit Lon. 168" ^V E. 
Latl6"43'S. 

ApdJbo^ t Sweden, in Dalecarlie. Loo. 13*56' 
E.Lat60°28'N. 

ApMu^ or Apeiieebudf t Netherlands, Weit 
Frietland, 98 m. S. Leeuwarden. 

Aven^mg^ t in the Maris of Braadenbarr, 9S 
ID. W. Stendat Pop. 38a Lon. ir & E, Lat 

Apenmnet. See Appmrnifui, 

Apenrade^ t Denmark, in Sletwick, on an aim 
of the Baltic Pop. 3,00a Lon. 9* W E. Lat 
65" 3' N. 

ApfeldMtadti r. Saxony, fidli into the Germ et 
Mouidorf. 

Aphwm, or ^/^--Kbre-AtMor, t NatoUa, on 
flie Manyas, or Mindra, Borrounded by walli, and 
defended by a castle. Manu&ctures are carried 
on here in woollen stulb, particularly carpets ; 
also in chintzes,* and fire-arms; but the staple 
commodity is opium. A pacha of two tails resides 
here, and the town is tlu9 ordinary resort of the 
caravans from Constantinople »nd Smyrna. Pop. 
estimated at 60^000. 56 m. S. Kutayeh, 162 £. 
Smyrna. Lon. 90*26' E. Lat38*46'N. 

Apieey t Naples, in the principato Citra, 7 m. 
£. S. E. Benevento. 

Apioehama^ r. of Peru, runs N. of La Pas, into 
theBeni. 

AphgOj t in Whidah, on the Slave coast of Af- 
rica, near the Euphrates. 

Apo^ one of the Philippine islands, between 
Mindoro and the Calamianes. Lon. 123* iCf £. 
Lat9*23'N. The SAoob extend 28 m. in length 
from N. to S. and 8 in bteadth. Lon. 120*36^ E. 
Lat 12* 27' N. 

Apolabamba^ province, Peru, in La Paz, N. of 
Larecaja. Pop. 30^000, chiefly civilixed Indtaos. 
Chief t St Antonio de Aten. 

ApoUa^t Germany, in the grand dutohy of 
flaxe- Weimar. It belongs to the university of Je- 
na. Here are extensive stocking works, which 
employ above 2,500 persons, who manufiusture 
yearly about 40,000 dozen pairs. Pop. 4g000L 40 
m.S.W.Leipsic Lon.irSO'E. Lat50*5e'N. 

ApoUoniOf kingdom, Africa, on the Gold coast, 
comprehending the whole of the coast W. of the 
river Ancobra. It stretches about 100 miles along 
the coa^t, md 20 inland. The coast is flat^has no 
creeks or harbors, and the sea breaks with such 
Tiden^ as to render the approach dangeroos. 

Apoquiniminkf creek, Newcastle co. Dekware, 
runs into Delaware bay 2 m. below Reedy island. 

Apomtmunink^ hundred, Newcastle co. Dela- 
ware. Fop. 3,388. 

Apaladut^ Indians, 50 in number, on the Bayou 
Rapide. 

ttf^lo&i T^lo^no, cape, on the E. coast of Sibe- 
ria, at the W. end of the gulf of Anndyr. Lon. 
178* 14' E. Ut63*N. 

Apti tUBf a mission of the Jeanits in Pacagnay, 
batwaen the rivars Parana and Uragnaf; 



gulf of Anadyr. .Lon. Apnmmi^ 



APR 

ApoMm, islands, in the stiaxt of Ifagiellan. 
Lon. 75* 6' W. Lat 6r 34' S. 

dfpjMlodUa. See SL Markt. 

Appakukittllmj r. Florida, is formed by the junc- 
tion of Chatahoochec and Flint rivets, and empties 
into St George'b Sound, the W. part of Apalaehy 
bay. 

Appekuhukolm^ t East Florida, on (he above 
river, 100 m. N. E. Pensaoola. 

AppanBig-Ptilam^ t Hind, in Bamunnnl, 9 m. 
S. S. W. Darempoory. 

Appditmn^ t Dutch Guelderland, 13 m. N. W. 
Zutpen. Pop. 2,67a 

Ajtpemwui^ a chain of mountains in Italy, which 
begms near mount Appio, one of the maritime 
Alps in the territory of Genoa, and after rnnniof 
for a considerable way to the £. tra vms ea Italy in 
its whole length, from N. to S. When near the 
end of its course, it separates into two branches, 
one of which advances S. E. to tiie Capo di Lencs 
in the Terra di Otranto, and the other W. to the 
strait of Messina. 

AppenaeUf canton, in the N. E. part of Switzer- 
land, environed on all sides by that of St Gall. It 
contains 326 sq. miles, and 45,000 inhabitants. It 
is divided into two parts, one of which is Catholic, 
and the other Calvmist. Each of these divisiou 
has its own constitution and magistrates, and is 
entirely independent of the other. The form of 
government is pure democracy. 

AppenMtlif diief V. in the above canton, is on the 
Sitter, 40 m. E. Zurich. Pop. 3,000. 

AppeviUt^ t France,7 leagues W. S. W. Roaen. 
Pop. 1,500. 

Appiano^ t Italy, in the Lomfaardo-Venetiss 
Idneaom, 6 m. S. W. Como. 

Appidamiiehkm, t Prussia, 9 m. S. E.GaiB- 
binnen. 

Appignanop t. in Ancona, 18 m. S. S. W. An- 
■cona. 

Appiniy district of Scotland, Aigyle co. compris- 
ing a parish and town of the same name, and the 
isUnd of Lismora. 

Appingadam^ v.oftheNetherianda, inGrooiii- 
gen. Pop. 1,600. 

Applebjf, bor. and t. Eng. Westmorelandahbt. 
10 m. fr. Penrith. Pop. 2,160. 

AppUereek^ p-v. St Genevieve co. Missouri. 

Appltddre^ s-p. Eng. Devonshire, on Barnstaple 
bay, at the month mthe Taw and Towridge,2i 
m. fr. Bideford. 

Appieion^ t Eng. in Lancashire, united with 
Widness. 3 m. fr. Prescott Pop. 1,204. 

AppltUMy p-t. Lincoln co. Maine, 35 m. N. £ 
Wiscasset,inwhichisMontvi]lepo8t-oflKe. Pop. 
511. 

Applmgf CO. Geo. Pop. 1,202. Slaves 78 : 
engaged in agriculture 430. 

Appleitte-graoe^ p-v. Amelia co. Va. 
ApplingUmi t and cap. Columbia co. Geo. 
Appamaiox^ r. Va. a S. branch of James river, 
empties at City point There are foils at Petfft- 
burgh, 12 miles above its mouth, around which 
there is a canal, which has opened tibe navigation 
for 80 miles above that city. 

Appc^ tArdra, on the b<Mders of Dahomey, m 

Africa. 

Approba^/tmi or Apprebatk^ r. S. Amerieat m 
Cayenne, enters the sea near Cape Orange. 

t France, on the Vie, dep. of »^ 
Venclee, 6 leagues N. Sables dXHonne. 

Aprejff V. Franea, in tim Uppm* 



AQU 

J^riMN% t.Naplei,oaMoQBtO«rgiao,iaC«- 
piUnata. Pop. 3,640. 

A pri gUa tmt UNaptas, in Calabria Citra,7 m. 
S. E. Camaa. 

^prm, t. JE^. Tiirkey,iD Romama, on the La- 
rism^ 10 m. £. Tnganopolis. 

^puiy or AapsaLtj t. Eu. Tarkay, in Romania, 
18 n. S. £. Aiiranople. 

ApAeroR, See AMmrttu 

Apij t. Fmoce, on the Calaron, dep. of the 
Vaodiue, 10 leagues N . Aix, and 10^ £. Avignon. 
Pop. 4,021. 

^ateOBMlat, moontainofChineie Mongolia, S. 
ofWheKonen. 

Apuiy r. Guiana, entcn the Arvi. 

AfvbtLy or FvgtiOf the name of the country 
compriMd in the three Nei^litan provinces of 
Ban, Otianto, and Capitanata, which extend 
akxvtImW. 4Mre of the Adriatic. The gnat 
weaSfa of this country lies in its pastures, those 
beloocing to the crown being so extensive as to 
fiBedabovta million of sheep. 

wffnane, r. S. America, rises in New Granada, in 
one of the ridges that diverge from the eastern 
chain oftheAiMas, and after running in an eastei^ 
lyeourselbrfiOO mileB, and reoeivme numerous 
tributanea from Veneiuela, fiiUs oy several 
mouths into die Orinoco. The inhabitants of the 
sovtheni part of Veneroela, are induced, by the 
easy means of conveyance afibrded by this river, 
to 9«nd their coffee, cotton,and indigo, to Guiana, 
inetead of carrying them on thio backs of mules to 
Caiaocas or to Pbrto Cabello. 

Aqumckmwekf p-t £nex eo. N. J. 10 m. above 
Newark, oo Passaic river. The Fftssaic is uaviga- 
ble to this place for small boats. Pop. 3,338. 

JSfmfPrU, settl e men t , on the E. coast of New- 
foandlaad. Loa.S2'33rW. Lat4r5'N. 

Aqmambm kingdom, in the interior of the Gold 
eoast of Africa, separated from Aquapim, by .the 
RioVoIta. 

jfymmmij kingdom, in the interior of the Gold 
cMwst orAfrica, immediately behind Aora, and W. 
of the Fantee country. 

^TtMfiMfi, r. New Granada, enters the lea 
at the bay of Mandinga. 

jtfMcfaeiii oneofthemost earteriy of the Lao- 
cadiveidands. Lon.73"2d'£. Lat.ia'44'N. 

AqmUij r. Quito, flows into the Ucayale. 

Aqtdt or AfmUL, t. Japan, in the S. part of Ni- 
phon. 

AfuiOj p4.StaiR>rdco. Va.4Sm.S.W.Wash. 
iogtoo, 80 N. E. Richmond, on Aquia creek, whii^ 
emptiee into the Potomac. Here are extensive 
quarries of fr e e s to ne, of which the Capitoland 
President's tiouse at Washinrton are built. 

jfyisismifroj r. Mexioo, in Vera Cms, runs into 
the golf of Mexico, W. of the Alvarado. Lat 

iraoTN. 

A^fuigHM^ t FADoe, near the conflux of the 
Eure «ad lion, dep. of the Euro, 3 m. fr. Louviers. 
Pop. l,50a 

A^vilmy JeLofftheE. coast of Minorca. 

jSfniia, city, Naples, in Abruzzo Ultra. It was 
onee an important barrier fortrera ; but the works 
ar» all demolished, except a small fort. The 
Frendi troops fcrced its gates on the 16th Deeem- 
ber<, 179& 50 m. N. £. Rome, 93 N. Naples. 
Pop. 13/n5. 

Iqminm, t. in the Austrian dominions, former- 
ly one of tha largeet and strongest cities in the Ro- 
man CDpire; but now a eemmon country town, 
eoBtaining only a fow scattered buildings. It is 



A R A 



47 



BOW indudad in the Lomfaardo-Venetkn king* 
dom. 90 m. S. Friuli. Lon. 13" S5' E. Let. 45* 
51' N. 

Aqmn^ t. St. Domingo, 46 m. W. Jaquemel. 

Aqmrt^ r. Guiana, enters the Orinoco at its 
widest mouth. 

Aroy r. Spain, in Catalonia, rises in the Pyrsn* 
ees, and foils into the Segre. Another in ArragoB* 
runs into the Cinca at Ainsa*. 

Armhoy r. Persia, flows into the Arabian sea. 
Lon. 65<'40r E.Lat. 25*39 N. 

Amban^ t. A. Turkey, in Orfa, on the Khalrar, 
76m.S.£.Or&. Lon. 40» £. Lat. 36° 20" N. 

Arabaiy t. Russia, onthe N. £. of the Crimea, 
60m.S.£.Perekop. 

wtfratesiirt,t.A. Turkey, in Caramaaia, IfloLN* 
E.Alamek. 

Arab-HiiMtr^ t. A. Turkey, in Natolia, 38 m, 
N. W. MogUL 

Arabia^ an extensive country in the 8. W. of 
Alia, bounded S. by the Indian ocean, W. by tha 
Red sea, £. by the gulf of Persia, and N. by Syr- ' 
ia and the river Euphrates. Lon. SS" to 68^ £• 
Lat.ir to 34* N. Length from the N. £. ex* 
tremity on this river to Cape Babehnandel, 1,500 
miles. Breadth on the southern coast, frvm tha 
mouth of the Red sea to the Persian rnlf; 1,900 
miles ; between Bassorah and Sua, 900. Square 
miles 14)30,000. Pop. estimated at 10 or 12,000^ 
000. The whole interior is an immense deaert of 
burning sands, interspersed with soma few feitila 
spots, which appear like idands in a desolate 
ocean. Ahot and pestiferous wind called the Ak 
moon, frequently blows over the desert, and in*^ 
stanUy suffocates the unwary traveller ; and whole 
caravans are sometimes buried by moving clouda 
of sand raised by the wind. The edces of the- 
eountry on the sea coast contain seme flourishing 
provinces and settlements; but in all parts they 
sufler for want of water, then beiqg no river of 
any consequence in all Arabia, and no rain for 
months, and lometimes a year, together. Arabia 
is commonly divided into three parts : Arabia Fc- 
Itr, or happy Arabia, bordering on the Penian 
gulf, the Indian ocean and the aouthem part of tha 
Red sea ; ArMa Peiraea^ or Stony Anhia, lying 
on the Red sea north of Arabia Felix ; and ArMa 
DeterUh or the Desert, including all the interior 
and northern parts of the country. Among the A- 
rabians these names are not known : that which 
we call Arabia Deserta, they call Nedsjed ; Ara- 
Wa Petraea is denominated He^jas ; and Arabia 
Felix is divided into the kingdoms of Yemen, Om- 
an and Lachsa. All the towns are near the coast 
The principal areJVeeeo, the birth-place of Ma- 
homet, Medina^ iriiich contains the tomb of Ma- 
homet, JiddOj Mocha, San&y and Meseai. Tha 
Arabic language is one of the most extensively 
diffused in the world. It is spoken not only in 
Arabia, but in Syria, Persia, Tartary, part of In- 
dia, and of China, half of Africa, all the sea coast 
of the Mediterranean, and Turkey. The religion 
is Mahometanism. The Arabs « the desert are 
called Bedouins. They are a roving, lawless race 
of robbers, who traverse the country in troops on 
horseback, and plunder travellers and caravans ; 
yetttwy have some noble qualities. They are 
hospitable and generous, and if a Bedouin Arab 
consents to eat txread and salt with a guest, hie 
would not for the world betray him. Arabia it 
governed by numerous petty chiefs called imaniSv 
emirs, or sheika, most of whom are elected by the 
people, and must consult them in all impottaqft 



48 



A R A 



transacUoDi. The Arabs are" a people of great 
spirit and valor, and resolute in defence of their 
liberty. They alone of all Asiatic nations have 
never been subdued. The most remarkable ani- 
mal is the camel, which is wooderfully fitted by 
Providence for travening the hot and parched de- 
sert. He can travel 6 or 8 days without water, 
and usually carries 800 pounds upon his beck, 
which isnot taken offduring his journey. When 
weary he kneels down to rest, and sleeps with his 
load uponhis back. His feet are made of a hard 
fleshy substance, well fitted to resist the heat of 
the sands. — ^The Arabian horses are the best in the 
world. They are swifl yet docile, and will live 
whole days without food, and bear incredible &- 
tigue. The inland trade of Arabia as well as of 
Persia, Turkey, Tartary, and Africa, is carried on 
principally by caravans, consisting of large com- 
panies of merchants, travellen and pilcrims, who 
march with their camels over the sandy deserts. 
The^ carry their provisions and drink with them. 
Their water is carried in skins by the camels. ^ 
They go armed, and travel in company to defend 
themselves from the wandering Arabs. 

^Arabian Sea, the ancient Er^ikratn Sea, be- 
tween the Persian gulf and the Indian ocean; 
bounded N. by Persia, £. by Hindoostan, 9. by the 
Indian ocean, and W. by Arabia, 

ArMan Itianda^ 2 small islands in the Mediter- 
ranean, near the coast of Egypt, 7m. 8. W. Alex- 
andria. Lon.90*6'£.Lat.3rrN. 

AraMdr^ t A. Turkey, in Siwas, on a branch of 
the Euphrates, 100 m.£.Siwas, 80aW. Ene- 
rom. 

w9ra66^,s-p. Arabia, on the Red sea, Lat2S*3rN. 

Afuearit t S. America, on the Rio Negro. LaL 

ifi'ao'S. 

Araeati'AuUy r. Bnzil, runs into the Atlantic. 
Lon.4ri6'W. Lat.3*6'a 

wtf raeo/t-JUmm, r. Brazil, runs into the Atlantic. 
Lon. 41*16' W. Lat 3* r 8. 

Aracav^ wAraea$^ r. enters the Orinoco oppo- 
site Ciudad ReaL 

Araemth t Spain, in Andalusia, in the Sierra 
Moiena, 30 m. N. N. W. SeviUe. 

AraehffvOf t Eu. Turkey, in Livadia, 6 m. N. 
Salona. 

ArueUtu See HeraUi, 

AraeOf r. Chili, runs intotiie Ptdfic ocean. Lat 
27" y 8. 

- Arad'Farmegjfey county, Huncary, 48 m. long, 
and from 9 to 14 broad. It has 6 market towns, 
41 villages, 6 Catholic, and 4S Greek parishes. 
Pop. with the county of Sarand, 184,647. 

Aradf Oidy t, Hungary, on the Marosch, cap. of 
Arad county. Near it is the castle of Arad, now 
in ruins. Here is held the chief cattle market in 
the kingdom, which is frequented by drovers from 
Vienna, and other parts of Gennany. 24 m. N. 
Temeswar, and 195 S. £. Presbuig. Pop. 3,700. 

And, JVVie, is also on the Maresch, about S| 
m. from the old town, on the opposite side of the 
river. Lon.9r3'E.Lat4fi°irN. 

Arad^ or £fiiie66t Solie^A, one of the Bahhrein 
islands, in the gulf of Persia. 

Araii, t A. Turkey, in Natolia, 10 m. N.W. 
Katsamoni. 

ArafiU^ Mrnrn^ Arabia, 16 m. & £. Mecca, held 
«in veneration by the Mahometans, and one prin- 
cipal object of tiieir.pilgrimaces to that city. 

AfmfMxa^ t Sweden, in West Bothnia, on the 
Tomea, 3Sm N. Totnea. 



A R A 

Aragua^i, South AmeHca, in Cumaoa. Alsoa 
river of Paraguay. 

wtf roguaya, r. Brazil, in Para, enters the Toocan- 
tins. 

AragueqfOf r. Brazil, separates the province of 
Matto Grosso from that of Goiaz, and runs into the 
Toccantins in lat. 8" S. 

AragiaHh Sanio ^Domingo dt^ L Caraocas, in 
Cumana, 3 leagues S. E. New Barcelona. 

Aragwi^thB Arragon of the ancients, r. Georgia, 
laUs into the Kur near Teflis. 

Arakal^ v. Spain, in Andalusia, S7 m. E. N. E. 
Seville. 

Araiehe^d, or Laraehe^ s-p. Morocco, at the 
mouth of the river El Kos. It was fonnerly a 
town of considerable trade, but in 1780 the onpe- 
ror Seedy Mahomed issued orders fot all Euix^^e- 
ans to quit the town, and it has ever since remain- 
ed shut against them. The emperor'b lamr ves- 
sels generally winter here. Pop. 3/)00. Lat 35* 

Amketry^ t. Hind, in Mysore, 8 m. fr. Seringa- 



ArtU^ lake, in independent Tartar^, about 150 
m. long and 00 broad. The water is salt, and it 
receives many rivers, one of which is the Ozus, 
after a course of 950 miles. It has no outlet, yet 
it does not overflow its banks. 

Amm^ X. Arabia, 38 m. N. E. Chamir. 

Arama^wndi^ t Penia, with a fort, on Aierbi- 
Jan. 

AramoMCkaiLt t. Siberia, 90 m. S. Tobolsk. 

Aramiit^ t France, in the Lower Pyrenees. 
Pop. \fiSO, 9 lesgues S. W. Pau. 

Aramoy t and fort. Chili, near the Pacific, 90 m. 
S. La Conception. 

Aramoni^ t France, on the Rhone, in the Card, 
5i leagues E. by N. of Nismes. Pop. 3,200. 

ArampaH^ t. Hind, in Madura, formerly cele- 
brated for its manufiictures, employing 20OO 
looms. 

Aran, t. Penia^ in Irak, 100 m. N. Ispahan. 

Aramu, r. Spain, runs into the Agra, 2 m. below 
Pampeluna. 

Aranee, v. France, in the Ain, 7 leagues S. E. 
Bouiig. 

Anmda de DuerOy t. on the Duero, Spain, in 
Bums, 35 m. S. Burgos, and 90 N. Madrid. Pop. 

Aranda de £frro, t. and castle, Spain, in Amgon, 
on the Xalon, 19 m. N. W. Calatayud. 

Arandon, v. France, in the Isere, 14 leagues N. 
by E. Grenoble. 

Arandore^t Ceylon, 22 m. S. S. W. Candy. 

Arang, t. on the E. coastof Borneo. Lon. 116* 
30^ E. Lat. r33'S. 

Aranha, t. Portugal, in Estremadurs, 12 m. N. 
E. Leyria. 

ArwyueMy L and royal palace, Spain, on the 
Tagu^ 30 m. S. Madrid. Dunng part of the 
year it is the residence of the court The town is 
built in conformity to a model laid down by cot- 
ernment, who mi^e over lots of ground to tnose 
who undertake to build according to the prescri- 
bed plan. Broad and parallel streets, with fine 
pavements, intersect each other at right anriee. 
The houses are two stories high, painted white, 
with green doors and window-shutters, and double 
rows of trees planted before them. The high 
road from Aranjuez to Madrid b constructed on 
the model of the ancient Romsn roads, and each 
mile is said to have cost 33,2S0L steriiog. Pop. of 



AR A 

diftlo«adBrii«th»resideiifieortii8eoart, about 
lOfiOO. 

Ammma^ t. in Spuiiah Navarre, 9 m. from St. 
EsteTan. 

Armmitt, poet in Perti, 00 m. S. W. Arequipa. 

wiranyot. Great and lAHlcy two riven in Tran- 
sylvania, unite at St. Kirati, and flow into the 
MaroKhy above St. Emmenek. 



ARC 



49 



frapar 
k, ITOii 



YOQ, 170m.W.a W. Para. 
Amenayh r. Gttiana, rum S. into the Amazon 
ir the straits d Paxis. 



.fnmoyt. Brazil, in Para, on the Amazon, 18 m* 
W.S. W.Cnmim. 

Arapaeuy r. Brazil, in Para, enters the Amazon 
at its montii. 

Araiqi»e$, t Spain, in Arragon, IS m. N. N. W. 
Jaca. 

Armqml, t Spain, in Navarre, 13 m. W. Pampe- 



Araraty a lofty mountain of Armenia, 60 m. S. 

£. Qriipn. It is venerated by the Armenians, 

iief that Noah*s ark rested on it Height 

Armrest Pilot Mt. N.C. on the N. side of 
Tadkia r. near Salem. It rises like a {mamid, 
several thousand feet hi^h, with an area of an acr6 
on the top^ from which it shoots up Uke a steeple 
aOO feet high, and 100 in diameter at the base, and 
terminates in a flat surfece. It is seen at 70 miles 
distanee ; and served the Indians for a beacon or 
fiht in their routes. 

Arari^ r. Brazil, in Para, runs S. into the Atlan- 
tic, opposite the iriand of Tamarca. 

Aranba, r. Brazil, «nten the sea near Pernam- 
boco. 

Arat^ or JETrts, t. Persia, in Schirvan, 50 m. N. 
Schama^gfaie, 130 m. S. S. E. Teflis. 

AroM^vr Araret^ r. A. Turkey, which rises about 
^ m« S. of Erzernm, flows throuefa the whole of 
Armenia and joins the Kur at Kalagail, in Ion. 
48*'3aE. Lat4a'd'N. It is wider than the 
Kur, .bmng l^DOO feet across. 

AnuOf mountain, Arabia, in Hedsjas, S. E. 
Meoca> 

.^rosoig, t. Persia, in Irak, 90 m. S. Casbin. 

.^rosste, t. Italy, in the territory of Genoa, now 
belongine to PiedmonL Here travellers hire ves- 
sels for different porU of Italy. 5 m. S. W. Al- 
beim. Lat.44*4'N. 

Araihapexme. See Aihapeaei>w. 

Arutieu^r, Para, in Brazil, flows into the Ama- 
xoD at its mouth. ^ 

Aratura^ r. S. America, rises in the mountains 
of Itamaea, and «nters the mouth of the Orinoco, 
on the 8. bank. It is navigable about 10 leagues. 

Armh t. Switzerland, in the canton of Aai^u. 
oo the Aarau. It has manufactures of linen, cot- 
ton, and silk. It has been commonly chosen for 
the general assembly of the protettant cantons, 
and wnaat different times the seat of nie Helvetic 
govemnent. Lon.rOT'E. Lat. 47'' 23^ N. 30 
m.N.N.£. Berne. Pop.3«40a 

.^ywMOiifnfcy. See lamoMoiiiiCr^k 

Anmta^ r. inCaraocas, 8. America, fells into tile 
Apnre r. near its junction with the Orinoco. 

AnmBommu^ a barbarous nation of Indians in 
Chili, vrho inhabit the country between the rivers 
Biobio and Valdivia, andbe^eenthe Andes and 
sea, escteodii^ from 38* 44* to 39^* 5^ of 8. lat. 
They are enthnsiasftieally attached to their iiid»* 
peadenee, and arethe hnptecable enemies of the 
^nmardi, whoha^ never been abk to robfeot 

7 



them. For two centuries a successioa of wars has 
been carried on between them and the Spaniards, 
interrupted only by occasional treaties; 

AratUa^ U Spain, 40 m. E. Cordova. 

Araurt^ city, S. America, in Venezuela, on the 
AcarJgua, N. N. E. TmadUio. 

Arawarit r. S. America, in Guiana, fells into th« 
AUantic By the peace of 1001, it was made the 
boundary between Franoh and Portugese Qui- 
ana. 

Aramll, t. Hind, in Candeish, 6m. S. E. Chu- 
prah. ^^ 

Araxa^ Slpain, runt into the Orio atToloaa* 

AroMi. See Atom. ^ 

Ataxia r. BnadXf in Paiaiba, flows intotiba Hott^ 
gagnaba. 

\ Arojf^ or Aortidh^ r. Scotland, Argyla oo. felli 
into the sea at the head of Loch Fyne. 

Araya^ Santiaga lie, point. New Grenada on the 
coast of Cumana, where there are salt woAi. 
Lon.64'*aO'W. 

Aram^ r. Peru, rises in the Andes of Cttchoa,ia 
Pomabamba, and fells by various mouths into tiia 
Amazon. 

Arbaefn, i. Arabia, 12 m. N. Zebid. 

jf rbe, or jf rfto, isL in the gulf of Quamero, in 
the Adriatic, about 90 m. in circuit Pop. 4^000. 
Arba, the chief town, contains 1,400 inhaoitants. 

Arbeeoj U andcastle, Spain, in Catalonia, 10 m. 
E.Lerida. 

Arbegetit t. Transylvania, 7 m. N. Stoltsonbeig'. 

Arbaiaa^ t. Auitfna, 5 m. N. Brugge 

Arbka^ t. Spam, in Navarre, 90 m. W. N. W. 
Pampeluna. 

ArUiL BaeEHril 

Afinloit V. Scotland, in Foifar co. on the sea- 
coast. Its mineral well is resorted to suoeessfull/ 
in rheumatic and soorfoutic cases. Pop. 1 ^14. 

Arbit^ V. France, in the Giroude, 7 leagues 8. K* 
B<»deaux. 

Arboga, t Sweden, in Westmamiland. Pop. 
1,900. It stands on a navigable river, and a oanal 
connects it with Stockhohn, and with Qrebo. The 
chief olgects of trade are saddlery and iron. flSm. 
W. Stockholm. 

Arboit^ t. France; the birth-place of Pieh^ru. 
7 leagues N. £. Lons-le-Saulnier. Lon. 5^ 61 £• 
Lat.46'54'N. Pop.flylfa 

ArboUUa^ Cienega de ht^ port, S. Amerioa, in 
Carthagena. 

Arbmif t Swiss canton of Thuij;BU, on the lake 
Constance, the capital of a district 7 m. S. St 
Gall. 

Afbatm^U Arabia, in Hedsjas. 100 m. N. W. 
Mecca. 

AbondadaJfarte^ 2 isls. on tl^ coast of Bra- 
zil ; one is in the province of Rey, N. Santa Cat- 



Arbet^ t Spain, in Catalonia, 4 leagues from 
Tarragona. 

Arbaueate^i. France, in the Laades^ 12 m. S. E. 
St. Sever, 13 £. N. E. Orthez. 

Ar^roy t Sweden, inHelsingland, 24 m. N. W. 
Soderfaasnm. 

Arbredtt or La Breaie^ t FVanoe, at the junction 
of the lardine and Brevenne, 3 m. from Lyons. 
Pop. 870. 

AftrmOh. BeaAberhnikoA, 

jfroo, t A. Turkey, in Maraaeh, 20 m. W.Ma- 



jfi«afey,tW.ooait8tDonuMp(H 10b.N.Cu1 
deSao. 
.^r«Mtia,inOrB<oa,a M O M tBia<miptoviaoa m 



w 



ARC 



the Morat, celebrated in ancitfit song as the leet 
of pastoral innocence and happiness. The present 
town of Arcadia is in the Morea, 40 m. N.W. 
Misitra. Lon.2r34'E. LatSTS^N. 

JireanatOf t Italy, 18 m. W. Milan. 

AreanOf t. Italy, in Friuli, 11 ul W. Udina. 

treaty 111. one of the archipelago of the Bissasoa 
near the moaUi of the Rio Grande, on the W. 
coast of Africa. Lon. 14"* 4' W. Lat ll° 8' N. 

Areasy islands or rocb near the coast of .Tnca- 
tan, in the gulf of Mesioo. Lon. 92" 24' W. Lat. 
W12N. 

j^rcoMon, bay on the a. W. coaat aflnrance, in 
the Gironde. ^ 

t^fee^^t Frtfloe, in the Eastern Fyrenneei, 12 
BL S. £. Perpignan. 

Arc'tn-Bamrity t Fraaoe, on the Sauecan, in > 
Name. Pop. 1,770. 4) leagues S. W. Chau- 
Jl^ont 

Arcuyi. France, in the Lower Charente. 6 
leagues S. W. Saintes. 

iSivft, T. in the Swiss eanton of Berne. Lon. 10* 
47' £. Ut4&"53'N. 

Anhairra^ or /Yrogoe, t on the coast of Hindos« 
tui, 90 m. S.Seyem(boog. 

Arthanfeli or Arehimgeitkoey government in the 
northern part of Russia. It lies under an inclem« 
cnt sky, where the summer is short, and the win- 
tar of uncommon severity. In Uif northern parts, 
the ground is entirely destitute of vegetation, with 
the exception of a few hardy shrubs. The princi^ 
pal wealth of the country lies in its fisheries, which 
extend along the whole coast Pop. 1 15,000. Ex- 
tent, 356400 square miles. 

AnhangeLt cap. of the above, is at the mouth of 
the Dwina, a few miles from the White sea. It is 
much frequented by the English, Dutch, and Ger- 
mans. The exports consist of train oil, tallow, 
tar, linseed, furs and coarse linens. Its trade re- 
ceived a shock on the erection of St Petersburg; 
Into a oommercial town by Peter L In 1764, it 
was endowed with all the rights and privileges 
possessed by St Petersburg ; yet it has never re- 
gained its prosperity. Arafaangcl contains the 
chief deposit of forei^ articles destined for Sibe- 
ria. Pop. in its 6ourishinr state, 30,000 ; at pre- 
sent, only 7,000. 400 m. N. E. St Petersbui^. 

ArdumgeUk<, a copper work of Russja, in Oxen- 
burg, on the Aksina. It employs nearly 500 work- 
men, and yields about 240/100 lbs. a year. Lon. 
90*44' E. Ut 48*90' N. 

Arekangeldtosf^ 2 towns in Russia ; one 124 m. 
If. N.E. Kostroma; the other 90 m. N. E. Vol- 
o^da. 

rArrfUf i. France, in the Lower Alps, on the 
borders of Piedmont Pop. 800. 6 m. S. W. 
Brive. • ♦♦ 

Ardter^ t Harrison co. Ohio, 4 m. II. Cadiz. 
Pop. 1,106. 

Arekety v. France, on the left bank of the Maese, 
a milefrpmCharleville in tlie Rhetelois. 

A'rchety v. France, on the Moselle, dep. of the 
VoMos, 12 leagues 8. E. Nancy. 

Arehiy t Naples, in Abruzzo Citra. 8 m. 8. 
Mnciano. 

Archiacy t France in the Lower Charente, 8 
laapes S. E. Saintes. Pop. L54a 

Arehidonoy t Spain, on the W. fromtieir of Gran- 
ada. Pup. 5,000. 9 m. E. Antequen. 

Arehuiona, city, Quito. In 1744 it was almost 
mmed bvan explosioD of the yolQUioof CotopaxL 
80 m. 8. B. Quito. 



ARC 

Arehmgmtt France, in the Lower Charttite. 8 

leafoes S. W. St Jean d'Angely. 

Arekmio^ t. Upper Italy, in the territory of Co 
mo, with the title of a county. 

i^/«Ai/}e/ago.<^This term is applied to any tract 
of sea, abounding^ in small islands, and more par- 
ticularly to the .^^n sea, or that part of the Med- 
iterranean between the coasts of Asia Minor and 
Greece. 

Arthipdago of the Oreai Cyeladei, See Jfew 
HeMda. 

Arthipehgo of the Reeherehty several groups of 
islands, rocks, and shoals, on the S. coast of New 
Holland, between 34'' and 34* 90' S. lat and 121* 
90'tol23*9aE.Lon. 

ArchiwinnUy SfOy communicates with Hudsoo^'a 
bay, through Hazard gul£ 

^neubsie, t grand dutchy of Tuteany, in the 
lower province of Sienna. 

AreitOy or ArciaatOy t Italy, in the dutchy of 
Milan, near the source of the Olona, 10 m. W. 
Como. ^ 

Areu-tUT'Aubeyt, France, on the AttbeJ^thg 
department of the Aube. It has manuiacflfe of 
worsted stockings and caps. It snflered considera- 
rably in the campaign of 1814. 6 leagues N. 
Troyes. Pop. 2,32a 

Anoy or Areh^ t on the Saica, on the confinea of 
Tyrol, towards Italy. It gives name to a ooontrj 
or district which oomprehends 18 vtUaget and 
hamlets, and now forms part of the LombsMo- Ve- 
netian kingdom. The town is 12 m. W. Trent. 
Pop.2,70a 

Areo, t Sicily, in the Val di Noto,5 m. N. Noto. 

Arcocy isl. in the straits of Malacca. Lon. 100^ 
35' £. Lat 2" 54' N. 

ArcoUt V. Italy, in the Veronese, 16 m. S. E. 
Verona. 

i^reo/o, or Fering-Peitery v. Hind, in Caoarosy 
on the N. bank of Oie Mangalore. 

Areona^ v. on the island of Rugen, in the Bal- 
tic, 20 m. N. Bergen. 

Arconeeyy v. France, in the Cote d*Or, 10 leaguea 
W. Dijon. 

Afcoty or Areot dt la FronterOy t Spain, in And«» 
lusia, on the Gaudalette. Pop. 12^000. It is the 
residence of a vicar-general of the metropolitan 
of Seville. 40 m. S. SevUle. Lon. 5" 56' W. Lat 
36*'40' N. 

.^fvos, t Spain, in Old Castile, on the Xalon, 9 
m. above Medina Cell 

AreoMy t Portugal, in Beira, 12 m. S. & E. Pea- 
quiera. 
^Areoty 2m, t Spain, in Navarre, 13 m. S. Estella. 

Areot de yaldereM^L Portugal, in Entra Dooro 
e Minho. 

Areoty district. Hind, formerly an independent 
state, but transierred by the nabob to the British 
in 1801. 

Areoiy city. Hind. cap. of the Camatic, on the 
Palar : T3 m*. W. 3. W. Madras, 217 E. Seringa- 
patam. Lon. 79* 29* E. Lat 12" 52' N. 

Arety Uty t France, in the Var, near the led 
bank of the Argens, 13 leagues N. E. Toulon. 

Are tur-Tiiiey v. France, in the Cote d*Or, 3 
leagues from Dijon. 

Arctic Ocean. See Frmen Sea* 

Areueiif v. France, 2^ m. from Paris. Hera ia 
the aqueduct laid in 1624, by Mary of Medicis* 
to convey water from Rongit to Paris; 200 toiees 
lonr, consisting of 20 arches. 

wfiry, or Airy^ t France, in thf Yonp^ QA the 



Aji^ r. Germany, rues near Wehen, in the 
dutehj of NaaaaUtand runs into the Lahn at £>ietz. 

Ardaeker^ or Ardaggtr^ t Lower Aiutria^ on 
Uw Danube, 10 m. S. W. Ipt. 

Jrdagh, L Irebuidy 5 m. S. £. Longford. 

Ardal^ t Xorwaj, above 70 m. N. CbriBtiana. 

Ardales, See Hardalet, 

ArdanondjU, t. Turkish Annenia, 40 m. N. 
Kan, 90 N. £. Eraemm. Lon. 43" 45' £. Ut. 
40'44'N. 

Ardaiw, L A. Ronia, on the Alatyr, 128 m. W. 
Simbirsk. 

Ardtt^Wf t Rdeda. Pop. 780. 90 m. W. Sim- 
birsk. 

Ardelomy t. Rosaia^ 60 m. S. S. W. Nisfanei No- 
Togorod. Lon.43'4'E. LatSO^SaN. 

Ard^ratean^ v Ireland, Meath co. Pop. 4,196. 

Ardiba, lAttU^ t. Persia, in Pars, 54 m. N. Shi- 
fas. 

^nrf^eoM,! Persia, in Irak, 15 m. S. a W. Gner- 
deo, 140 E. Ispahan. 

Afdaht^ r. France, fidls into the Rhone, 4 m. 
sbove.PoiolSi. Esprit. 

Ardeeks^ department, France, bounded E. by 
the Rhone; S. by the Gard; W. byLozereand 
Upper Loire ; and N. W. by Loire; and N. E. by 
Isere. It contains 2^376 square miles. Pop. in 
1816, 2H743. 

.InfeStt Ireland, Louth co. 35 m. N. W. Dub- 
lin. 

Ardtnj Pomi^ on the N. W. coast of Admiralty 
l!liind,kStepbe&'^ passage. Lon. 226" 1' E. Lat 

Ardmdk or UrdanhOy^ t. Hind, in Coimbe- 
tore,47 m. S. £. Seringapatam. 

Ardame^L France, m the Deux Sevres. Here 
sreqasiries of black, white, and red marble. 

Ardennes^ a lorest in France, in the department * 
of Ardennes. 

Ardamet^ department in Fiance, bounded N. 
by Netherlands, E. by Meuse, W. by Aisne, and 
8. by Mame, containing 2,200 square mUes, and 
346,000 inhabitants. Its riches lie in its forests, 
Uj pastores, and its cattle. 

Ardain^ L Italy, in the Valteline, 5 m. N.E. 
Morbcgna 

Ardaimn, t A- Tmkey, in Aladulia, 38 m. N. 
W. Aningtn. 

.4rdcre,t. Calabria Ultra, in Naples, 7 m. & Gie- 
ranc 

^fite tFiaaee, in the Puy de Dome, the place 
(tf traffic between Upper and Lower Auvergne. 
10 learues 8. Clermont Ferrand. Fop. l^a 

^fM, t Amenia, on the Aras, 15 m. S. En- 

Ardet-U^t Fiance^ in the Vendee, 4 leagues 
W.S.W.Mauleon. ^ 

Ardeva,orAnielnl,t Persia, in Azerbijan, 56 
in.N.E.Tabri». Lon. 48" 5' E. Lat 38^ 15 N. 

.4itjrer*,L Ireland, Kerry CO. The town is gov- 
erned by a port-reeve, and 12 burgesses. 4 m. N. 
W. Tralee, 50 from Limerick, 144 from Dub- 
lin. 

Ardfatmm, r. Ireland, Tipperary co. on the 
Snir. 6 m. N. W. Clonmel. 

Ardglast^ »-pi Irelan}, Down co. 5 m. 8. £. 
Downpatriok. 

ArJ^ t Italy, in the Campagna di Roma, on a 
tif er near the Mediterranean, 5 m. S. Albano. 

.Mtere,r. France, in Ain, falls into the Saone 
MarBeOeviUe. 

^niaff,r. Spanish Estremadura, disoharges it- 
1^ into the Gaodiana, near Moura, in Portugal. 



ktHL 



81 



^rdiOaiiTet^ t France, in the Rhone. Pop. 
l,00a 5 leagues N. W. Ville-Franche. 

Ardingay^ or Ardingsft t Hind, in the Camatio, 
44m.S. W.TaiJore. 

Ardmgmjf^ t. Hind, in Marawal', 20 m. 8. £. 
Trumian. 

Ardity t A. Turkey, on a branch of the Tigris 
30 m. N. N. W. Diartwkir. 

Ardiiiwh t. Persia, in Irak, 80 m. N. E. Ispa- 
han. 

Ardirormi Head^ the N. end of North Uist Lob. 
70- 20^ W. Lat SV 41 N. 

Ardmaref v. Ireland, Waterford co. on the bay 
of Ardmore, 7 m. S. W. Dungarvon. 

Ardmore Head^ a Cape on the W. coast of tha 
island of Skyc Lon. 6» 38r W. Lat sr 3*' N. 

Ardmojfj v. Ireland, Antrim oow on the river 
BusK, 8 m. N. E. Ballymoney. 

Ardmurkemish Bmf^ on the W. coast of Scotland. 
Lon. 5* 64' W. Lat.66'28' N. 

ArdnagUtn Bav^ on the W coast of Ireland. 6 
m.8.W. SUgo Lon.8*30'W. Lat54*16'N. 

Ardoek^ v. Scotland, Perthshire, 8 m. N. Dun- 
blane. 

Atdort^ t Nqdes, in Calabria Ultra, 6 m. 8. 
Gierace. 

Ardnnfty t. Netherlands, tear Bruges. Fop. 5,000. 

Ardra^ or Ardrak, territory, W. Africa, on the 
coast of Guinea, immediately E. of Whydah. 
The King was formerly very powerful ; but early 
in the last century was reduced to complete sub- 
jection bv the lung of Dahomey. Ardra, the capi- 
tal, is a large city, about 40 miles inland, on the 
W. bank of the Euphrates. Lon. TdS'E. Lat. 
6*36'N. 

Ardttf or Ardreiy a small but well Ibrtified 
town, in France, 6 m. fir. Calais. It is a barrier 
fortress on the side of the Netherlands. 

Ardnj r. France, joins the Loire near ill month. 
It is navigable for small vessels. 

Ardrq0iant s-p. Scotland, Ayrshue, resorted to 
for seap-bathing. It lias a safe and spacious har- 
bor, con«iructed at great eaq)ense. Pop. 2,526. 
1 m. N. Saltcoats. 

Ardtehe* See Arguh. * 

Arduiliatj v.Ireland, Clare co. 13 m. from Lim- 
erick. 

ArdtHnchar or Stinehor^ r. Scotland, frlls inta 
the sea at Ballantrae. 

Ardtlraw^ v. and parish, Ireland, Tyrone en. 6 
m. S. Strabane, 94 ft*. Dublin. Pop. 1 8,122. 

ArdvtrU t France, on the coast of the LolNT 
Charcnte. Pop. 2,600. 61 leagues W. Saintes. 

Artb^ or Arrab, two villages, on opposite sides 
of the Nile, in \ubia, 10 m. N. Dern. 

Arebiro, t Porto Rico, 30 m. fr. St John. 

Arebo^ or Arbon^ t Benin, on the Formom, 60 
m. above its mouth : a centre for the trade of the 
country. Lon. 6" 8' E. Lat. 5" 58' N. 

Arti^i^ or Hareuek, fort, Syria, 12 m. from An* 
tioch. 

Artcive, U Buenos Ayres, 120 m. N. W. Buen- 
os Ayres. 

Areek, See LarA, 

Areco^ v. Buenos Ayies, on a fiver, 24 leagues 
fr. Buenos Ayres. 

Areema^ t Jai>an, in Niphon, 10 m: N. W. Jeddo. 

Aredj Ely n ridge of mountains in Arabia De- 
serta. 

Aregfu pr .^rrttdk, t. Hind, in Visiapour, 10 m. 
E. Merritch. Lon. 75'* 11' E. Lat 16* 66; N. 

Aregno^ v. Corsica, 2i leagues E. Cain, 9) W. 
byN.Bastia. 



£2 



ARE 



jSreiiti, r. 8. America, ia Camana, enters the 
Gnarapiche. ; 

JfreisUt was the name of a kingdom which com- 
prehended Dauphind, Provence, Burgundy, 8a^ 
▼oy, and the west of Switzerland ; and was some- 
times called the kingdom of Burgundy. It existed 
la the 9th century, and has long oeen united to the 
French crown : except Savoy, and the portion be- 
loiu;ing to Switzerland. 

^rmberg^ a small principality of Germany, on 
the Eiffel, lying between Cologne, Julienr, and 
Blankenheim, and now included in the grand 
dutchy of the Lower Rhine, which belongs to 
IVussia. Pop. 3^000. Revenue 30,000 florins. 

Artmbergt v* in the foregoing principality, 26 
m. S. Cologne. Pop. 200. 

Arm, r. S. America, in Cumana, enters the 
Guarap^e. 

Arena^ t Naples, in Calabria Ultra, 16 m. E. 
Nicotara. 

jf reno, r. Sicily, falls into the Mediterranean 
near Maxzara. 

ArenOf ▼. Abyssinia, at the bottom of the bay 
of Howakil. A ftctory of Somanli traders carry 
CO here considerable commerce. 

Armalj t 8. America, 66 m. N. Tucuman. 

Armn Bdhia de, bay on the coast of the straits 
of Magellan. Also, three points or capes, one on 
the coast of Maraoaibo, another on the W. coast 
tit 8. America, in the bay of Guayaquil, opposite 
the island La Pm», between the 2d and 3d degree 
«f 8.1at ; and another on the coast of Terra del 
fu^^o. 

Artnoi Oofi4Bf , Copt it Itu^ on the E. coast of 
^tagonia. Lat 39* S. 

Armdml or Amdal, t Norway, on a river, in 
Christiansand, near the sea. The river here is 
naTigable for vessels of considerable size, fts 
tradeiSchiefly in wood. Iron mines are wrought 
m the neighborhood 

Arendonk, t. Netherlands. The inhabitants 
tapport themselves in part by training hawks. 
Here are manu&ctnres oif woollen and linen cloth 
and stockings. Pop. 2,850. 6 m. £. Twinhout 
^ Ardofuet, t and bailiwick, in the Old Mark ci 
Bndenburg, in Prussia, IS m. N. W. Stendal. 
Lon.ir35^E. Lat. ST 47' N. 

Artnoe^ isL in the North sea, near the coast of 
Norway. Lat 70* 6' N. 

Armt^t and castle, Spain^ in Arragon, on the 
ednffaies of Catalonia. 

Armt de Motj or Sania Maria de Ariewty t 
Spain, on the ooast of Catalonia, 12 leagues fr. 
uerona. .It has maniifiictnrefi of anchorp, silk and 
cotton ttoddngi, and other stuffs. Pop. 3,500. 

Armdnfg^ t Germany, on the Rocr, capital of 
the dnichy of Westphalia, and of the county of 
Arensberg in particular. It has a castle, and 2,535 
inhafahants. 40 m. S. S. E. Munster. 

Aremberg^ ▼. Holstein, 16 m. N. E. Hamburg. 

Armtberg, t Germany, in the grand dutchy of 
MeeUenburg, 8 m. S. Strelitz. 

Arentberg, t island of Osel, in the Baltic, be- 
longing to Livonia. Pop. 1y400 Germans, Rus- 
sians, and Esthonians. It is the capital of the 
circle of the same name in the government of Ri- 
n, which comprehends the isknds of Oesel and 
Moen. It was taken by the Russians in 1710, and 
has remained in their possession since the peace 
ofNystadt 96 m. 8. W. Revel. 

Artnadwf^ ▼. in the Middle Mark of Brandon - 
bai|;,ciiele of Lebos, belongiiig to the University 



ARC 

of Frankfort on the Oder. Also, a village in ^m 
Markof Priegnitz. 

Arenswalde, t in the circle of the same name, in 
the New Mark of Brandenburg, 94 m. N. £. Ber- 
lin. Pop. 2,15a 

Aremua, t Naples, in Calabria Ultra, 16 m. W. 
St Severina. 

Areqmpa^ province, Peru, bounded N. by Col- 
laguas, E. by Lampa, S. by Moquehua and Arioa, 
W.bythePacifi& 

i/^re^fum, cap. of the above, one of the Uigett 
towns in Peru, containing 24,000 inhabitanta. 
The houses are well built of stone, and vaulted. 
It has been four times laid in ruins by earth- 
quakes. 217 leagues S. £. Lima, 50 N. Arice. 
Lon. 7r 58* W. Lat. 16" 16' S. 

Area^ t in the county of Tyrol, 11m. S. W. 
Tyrol. 

A ruche, v. France, in the Jura, 2i m. £. Ar- 
bois. 

Arethda^t Sweden, in Jamtland, 50 m. N. W. 
Frosom. 

Arei$o,t Spain, in Navarre, district of PUapc- 
luna. 

ArevaliUo^r. Spain, in Old Castik,fUls into ttse 
Adaja. 

Arevalo, v. Spain, in Old Castile, b el nee n the 
Adaja and Arevalillo, 18 m* S. £. Medina del 
Campo. Pop. 2,600. 

Areao, t. in the grand dvlehy of Tuscany, s^t 
the influx of the Chiana into the Amo, 25 ol E. 
N. E. Sienna, 34 S. E. Florenoe. Lon. IV 50" EL 
Lat. 43" 28' N. Pop. 8^). ' 

Arfara, one of the Shetland islands, near the 8. 
coast of Yell. Lon. 1" 20* W. Ut 6r 47' N. 

ArfiuWe, v. France, in the AUier, 12 kagoes S. 
£. Moulins. 

Argana, Argenah, or Hargana, t. A. Turkey, 
cap. of a district in Diarbekir. It is on the aide of 
a mountain, with streets so steep that a straneer 
can walk with difficulty, and the roadi asoendm*^ 
the mountain are dangerous. Lon. 39" 20^ £. Lat . 
88* 15' N. 

Argana, t, A. Turkey, 18 m. S. S. W. Erze- 
rum. 

Arganey, t France, in the Moselle, 9 m. S. Thi- 
onville, 5 N. Metz. 

Arganda^X Spain, in New Castile, 4 leagues 
from Madrid. Pop. 600. 

Arganilt t. Portugal, in Beira, 16 m. E. Coim- 
bra. Pop. MOO. 

j^rgvio, t. on the E. coast of Zebu, one of the 
Philippine islands. Lon. 123* 39' E. Lat. ICT 
18' N. 

Argarosta, r. Savoy, runs into the Iser6,3 m. N. 
"W. Moutiers. 

Argateh, t. Ru88i% in Simbirsk. 

Argt, t Arabian Irak, on the Tigris, 170 m. N. 
W. Bossora. 

Argda, v. France, in the Eastern Pyrenees, 5 
leagues S. E. Perpignan. Pop. 1,360. 

ArgeJes, or Argder, v. France, in the Upper Py- 
renees, 7 leagues S. W. Tarbes. Pop. 850. 

Argen, r. Upner Suabia, falls into the lake of 
Constance, S. of Brogentz. 

Af'gnice, V. France, in Calvados, Sh leagiues E. 
S. E. Caen. 

Argens, t. France, on the canal of Languedoc, 
dep. of the Aude, 4 leagues W. N. W. Narbonne. 

Argerii, v. France, in the Lower Alps,20 leases 
N. E. Aix. , 

Argent, r. France, runs into the Mediterranean 
near Frejus. 



AR G 

Argmi, r. IVtaoe, m ClMr« on tlie Sandrt, 17 
league! !f. Boorgm. Pop. \4iQ0, 

jirgtalatj or AmniaL t, Fnnoe, on tbt Dor- 
dogne, in Corroe, & m. S. E. Tulle. 

.Im9il«i,t Lower NonnaDdy, on tbe Om. It 
btteborthidaoeorMemraT. 4 UMgaes S. FflJnin, 
about 44 W. Pyuria. Pop. m 1815, 5,583. 

Jr^aUam^ the ancient Scnrdua, a ridge M* 
flMHmtaiai in Eoropean Turkey, which tepvaies 
Bolgaria from Macedonia. 

ArgaUeoM, L Netharlandi, in the dntohy of Lim- 
biDg,6 m. W. Dalem. 

Argeaierot Omt^ on the W.ooast of Sardinia, 

AgaUaaltt Tmnoe, on the right bank of tile 
Seiae, two Icaguea from Paris. The neighboaring 
qoarrieiyieldgood gyptum, which it mostly trana- 
ported to Hoimandy. Pop. 4,78a 

Argfntmilt t. France, in the Tonne, on the Aiw 
iBaneoii,8aB. S. Tonnerre. Pop. 1^)00. 

AfgaUadl, seigniory, York oow Lower Canada, 
ootfae N.aida of the Ottoway, 36 m. W. MontreaL 

A^enAaL, U in tha grand dutchy of the Lower 
Rhine, 40 blE. Treves. 

ArgaUura^or KtmoU, the ancient Ctmahis, isL 
in the Ardiipelago, belonging to the government 
oftlie»piidan-nicha. The isUuod is oovered with 
a dislk called Cimolian earth, used in the washing 
udUeaehing of linen. Lon.24^ 4S' £. Lat 3^ 
4TN. 

ArgaUiara, t Italy, in Cadorin, 11 m. N. N. W. 
Csdota. 

ArgenhBre^t France, in Ardeche, on the Ligne, 
: h^gaea W. Viriera. Pop. 2J0OO. 

AfgaUertf or Argentine^ t on the Arc, Mauri- 
eooeeo. in Sayoy. It has lead mines, and an iron 
forge. 4 leagnes N. by W. St Jean de Maurienne. 
Pop.1100. 

ArgeniUTt^ Col ^, a mountain of the Alps, in 
the eoontj ef Salozzo, in Piedmont, across which 
there is a'nss from Baroellonetie, in France, to 
Cooi in Itm. Tlie Tillage of Argentiere lies in 
thcTaUeyoftheStora. 

ArgaUiBret, y. France, in Upper Alps, 9^ 
teaMesN.E.Gap. ^ 

Areentina^ t Naples, in Calabria Citra, at the 
fiwtoTthe ^peninea, 10 m. S. W. Visignano. 

Agenton^ U France, on the Creuse, in Indre, 
l5oi.8.9.W.Chateaaroux. Pop. 3,40a 

ArgtuknOi'CluUeau, t France, in Deuz-Sev- 
r«^ 4 leagms W. Thouars. Pop. 880. 

ArgetUmP Eglue^ t France, in Deux-Seyres, 2 
letgoes N. Thooars. Pop. 780. 

ArgenU'SeuM LmaU t France, in Mayenne, on 
the Joaaa, 2 leagues £.LayaL Pop. 1,65a 

Argenbrtrmm Vitn^ L France, in the Die and 
Vikine, 9 leagues £. Rennes. Pop. 2,300. 

Argia, ^^ Argot. 

Argidk^ or Arda^e^ y. Bagdad, on the left bank 
<f the Euphrates, 25 m. N. Sura. 

ArgiBjf^ i. Fiance, in Cote d^Or, 6 leagues S. 
Dijon. 

Arguekt t Walladiia, near the frontiers of 
Traosjrlvinia, 50 m. S. £. Hermannstadt. 

Argueh^ r. rises in the mountains between Wal- 
iKhia and Tnmsylyania, 10 m. S. £. Hermann- 
itadt, and after passing by Kordedeardi, Piteszti 
•odButroi, joins the Danube near Mireni. 

Argiteh^ the ancient .^rsei, t. Armenia, in Van, 
tt the N. W. side of lake Van or Arsis, opposite 
Via. Loo.4yj:,Lat38*40rN. 

ArgiU^ isL in the gulf of.Egina, 16 m. E. Egina. 

Argjim, Argina^ Arga Thu, or ArkaulA, moun- 



A R 6 



«8 



gul 
Co 



tahii of Tartaiy, N. £. Cashgar, which terminata 
near Tashkund, on the riyer Sihen. 

Argiore, L Hind, in the Cacnatic, 16 m. S. W. 
Tiagar. 

Argol^ T. France, in Finisterre, 7 leagues N. N. 
W. Quimper. 

Argon. See jf onnoio. 

Argonia^ t. Hind, in the Camatic, 20 m. N. W. 
Chittoor. 

Ammnt^ a woody tract in France, 20 leagues in 
length, in the diqpartments of the Maese, the 
Maine, and the Ardemies. 

.^i^got, Idn^om of the Peloponnesus, on the 

ilf of Napoli di Romania. It constitutes, with 

iorinth and Sicyon, the proyince of Saccania or 
Romania Minor. Aigoa, the chief town, stands on 
theNacho,anditspop.islO/)00. Lon.22°4r£. 
Lat 37" 48' N. 

.4f;goilolt, chief t. of the island of Cephalonia. 
Pop.6AX)a Its haibonr is the best in the island. 
It has dock-yards, and the flotilla is one of the 
largest in the Archipelago. The ancient name 
was Cnmtt. 8 m. W. S. W. Cephalonia. 

^^rgougt^ t France, in La Manche, 12 m. S. Ay- 
ranches. 

Arguedat^ t. Spain, in Navarre, 7 m. from Tu* 
dela. 

ArgueU^ y. France, in Lower Seine, 7 leagues 
N. E. Rouen. 

ArgxuUo Pointy on the W. coast of N. Amerip 
ca, in New Albion. Lon. 239° 48^ £. Lat 34' 
38'N. 

.^ivuenon,r. France, runs into the sea near St. 
Malo. 

Arguu^ isL in a gulf on the W. coast of Africa, 
the ancient Ceme, at which Hanno founded a 
colony. The gulf contains stock fish, and the 
best species of turtle. Lon. 16** 20^ W. Lat 20" 

ja'N. 

Argwh Argan^otEmn^Ti Tartary, rises from 
lake Dailai, or Coulon-Nor, in 119^ 14' E. lon. 
and 49** N. lat. in the country of the Mongols. It 
is considered to be the original source of uie riyer 
Amur, which riyer is formed of its stream and of 
that of the Schilka, in lon. 12^ 14' E. lat. 53° N. 
It is the boundary between Russia and China, 
from the source to its mouth, 180 m. £. Nertt- 
chinsk. 

Argwukoiy t and fort, Siberia, in Irkhutsk, on 
the W. bank of the Argun, 162 m. from its mouth, 
177 E. Nertschink. It carries on a considerable 
trade ; but the climate is so cold, that the summer 
heat penetrates the earth yery superficially. 
Near it are valuable silver mines. Lon. 120° 14' 
E. L^t 50° 60' N. 

ArgyUy or ArgyU^ a maritime co. on the W. 
coast of Scotland, bounded N. by Inyemess-shire, 
E. by the counties of Perth and Dumbarton, S. by 
the Irish sea and the riyer Clyde, and W. by the 
Atlantic ocean. It embraces .numerous islands, 
and its shores abound with deep bays and inlets, 
in which the herring fishery is prosecuted with 
great suf cess. A lai^ portion of the county con- 
sists of^eath, rocks, and mountains. Many yalu- 
able mmerals are found, such as lead, copper, and 
iron. There is a profusion of beautiful marble, of 
different colours, which is susceptible of the 
highest polish ; and inexhaustible quarries of fine 
blue slate, which is exported in ship loads. The 
lands are adapted for grazing; and numbers of 
black cattle are reared, and sent to the market of 
the low countries. Argyleshire is divided into 6 



54 



A R& 



districts ; Arg^lS) Cowal, Kintynev Lore, Islay, 
and Mull. Pop. 85^; fiunilies 17388: of 
"Which there are ooenpied in agrioitltvro Sytfl ; in 
trade and ma&o&ctures 3,419. 

ArgjfUy p-t Washington oo. If . T. on tiia Hiid^ 
ton, Ab m. above Albany. Pop. 2^11. 

Argylt^ t Shelbame oo. Nova Scotia, £1 m. W. 
Shelbumo. 

Jrgyro Quiro, t Albania, on the Drino, near 
Vallona. It contains, with its dependencies, 
12,000 men fit for bearing arms, and is the seat of 
a pacha of two tails, who is dependent on the pa- 
tfaa of Joannina. Its ancient names were Mo- 
nole and HadrianopoHa, 

ArheQigen^ v. Germany, in the grand dntcfay of 
Hesse. Pop. 1^6a 

Arhenki Arhung^ or ^rfttmgsenit, t. Asia, in 
Bnlkh, on the Harrat, 42 m. N. £. Balkh. Lon. 
6e*40^E.Lat.37''N. 

Ariy t Naples, in Abnmo Citra, 6 m. 8. E. Ci- 
Tita di Chieti. 

Atianeopang^ t Hind. 3 m. S. Pondicherry. 

i^rsono, t Naples, in the Principato Ultra. It 
is the see of a bishop. 15 m. E. Beneventa Pop. 

io,7oa 

Jtf rutfio, ▼• on an ann of the Po^ in the datehy 
of Ferrara, 24 m. N. £. Ferrara. 

Ariea^ province, Pera, boanded N. by Moqoe- 
hna, N. W. by Areqnipa, W. by the Plusafic ocean, 
S.byAtaoama8. 

AHeoy capital of the above provinoe, is in a 
beaatifiil valley, on the coast of the Pacific, with 
a convenient port 210 m. N. W. La Plata, 270 
N.W.Atacamas. Lon. 70* IS' W. Lat 18" 26' 8. 

Aridmuh t Arabia, 10 m. S. W. Mecca. 

Arien^ isL in the Adriatic, 9 m. N. Venice. 

i^rtenso, t Naples, in Lavora, 14 m. N. E. Na- 
ples. 

Arfeplo^, t Swedish Lapland, 106 m. W. N. m 
Pitea. 

Afignano^ t. Italy, in the grand dntcfay of Tusca- 
ny, between Florence and Areso. 

Arignm^ ^ France, in Haute Garonne, 9 m. N. 
N. £.St uaudens. 

Arimoa^ isL off the E. coast of Timor. 

ArinoSf r. Brazil, runs into the Topayos. 

Ariohy t. Naples, m Principato Ultra, 14 m. W. 
8. W. Benevenio. 

Arjona^ L Spain, in Andalnsia, on the Rio Frio, 
6 m. S. Andujar. 

^rtptooro, t Sweden, in Tornea-Lappmark. 

Arao^ V. on W. coast of Ceylon, 90 m. N. N. W. 
Candl 

wirtf, t. Prussia, 86 m. 8. E. Konigsbetv. 

AfMa^ t Hind, in Mysore, 40 m. £. Chinna 
Balabarum. 

Arue^ t France, 6 leagues S. Chalons. 

Ari^ Elt t Egypt, on the Mediterranean, 168 
m. N. W. Cairo. 

ArimUnera^ t Syria, 12 m. N. Hamah. 

Aritpe^ t Mexico, cap. of the intendency of So- 
nora, near the source of the Yaqui. Lat. 30* Sd' 
N.Lon.l09»W. Pop. 7,600. 

Ariiwan, t Bulgana, in En. Turkey, 10 m. 8. 
Viddin. 

Ariauh t Spain, in Arragon, 14 m. W. Cala- 
tayud. 

Arht^ t Siberia, 66 m. from Okhotsk. 

Arka, t. Asiatic Turkey, in Aladnlia, 21 m. W. 
Malatia, 70 N. E. Maraseh. 

Arkaduubtki, t Russia, on the Mftlwditu, 240 
blN. E. Azimh, 124 8.W.8ttator. Loti.43*4r 
E.Lat60»l&N. 



ARIt 

wffftaiMf, a territory of the U. & bounded K. by 
the State and Territory of Missouri, £. by the Mis- 
sissippi, S. b^ Louisiana and by Red river, ivhich 
separates it nxm the Spanish dominioni, and W. 
by the Spanish dominions. The northern boun- 
dary commences on the Mississippi in 96* N. lat 
and proceeds due west to the St Francia, thesice 
up Oat river to 36* 30^ N. lat thence weet to the 
U. 8. boundary. The Arkansas river runs Ukroogh 
the whole length of the territory from W. to E. 
North of this are the St Francis and White nrers ; 
in the south are the sources of the Wadutn ; and 
in the S. W. is the Kiamesha, a laige bniK^ of Red 
river. The face of the country for about 1 50 mile* 
W. from the Mississippi is in general lervd, coo- 
sisting of bottom lands on the rivers, bordered by 
thinly timbered hills, back ofwhseh are ymA pta>> 
ries. There are some exceptions, particolarly a 
fine district of upland between the St FVaneis and 
White rivers. Beyond the level tra0t,th» country 
rises into hills and ranges of loity mountaios, 
among which are the Mamelle, the Petit John, the 
Casse-tete, and the Mazen. Ahranchof the Bfa- 
aera range divides the giemashe from tha waters 
of the Arkansas. The dimate in the lewl coun- 
try is moist ; vwetatiott bcyins In fhe latter part 
of February, and heavy rains ftUdnring the atna- 
mer months. In the western part of the territory 
the climate is more dry, and Uie rains are slighter 
and less frequent The soil of Arkaniaa ia fitted 
for a great variety of productions. The aUuvia] 
lands produce wheat, oats, flax, hemp^ ooCton, rice, 
and tobacco : the richest yiekl from 60 to 80 bush- 
els of wheat the acre ; the prairies are clothed 
with tall grass, and aflbrd excellent ranie for cat- 
tle ; the uplands in the eastern part of &e lerritD- 
ry are poor, but above the Poteau river, they are 
excellent graainf; knds. The lands on White riv- 
er are the best m the territorv, and among tlie 
best in Amerioa : on the Wacfaita tl^ land is poor 
and stoney. The countnr is still for ttie most part 
unsubdueid, and wikl annuals abound. The buf- 
Alo| hison, elk and deer feed in herds on the prai- 
ries;^ Among the other animals are the bear, the 
beaver and raoeoon. Iron ore, lead and ziae are 
found on White river. Stone oeal, sulphur, ealt- 
petre, and salt are found in abundance. Tlie salt 
oocun principally in the Salines, a tract about 
100 miles wide, extending through the whole 
breadth of the territory from S. to If. at the dia- 
tanoe of 700 miles from the Missfas^ipi Here is 
the salt prairie which is covered for many miles 
with pure white chrystalliwd salt from four to six 
inchesdeep. In this tract is also an extensive body 
of gypsum. In the south are the ftmous hot 
8prin||s of Wachita. 

This country was obtained from the Quapews 
Indians in 1819. A large reservation is left for 
the Qoapaws, extending along the southern baflk 
of the Aricansas from Die town of ArknassM to 
Little Rock, and thence south to the Washita. 
The Osues of the Arkansas occupy the eomitry 
on Grand river, a northern branch of the Arkan- 
sas. The United Foreign Mission Society have a I 
mission established among these Indians at Union. ' 
In 1818 and 1B19, about 5,000 of the Cherokee 
Indians removed from their residence eait of the I 
Mississippi to a fine tract of ooautry on the novth I 
bank of the Arkansas, between 94<'and95' W.lon. 
Here the American Board of Miaeiotts have eetab- 
lished a missionary stttion at a plaoe oalled 
Dwight 
TIm population of the territory in 1810 wss 



ABK 

1^69 ; wad a I890i| (txsliuire ef IqiIiim aad 
huDten) MJX7X ^ whon 1^617 wtn lUVes ; at- 
$B^ m i^nradtare 3413» i^ Mfluneroe 77, in 
m*maitttuft9 179. The hunter population is 
composed of persom fran ranooi lectionB of tho 
Vnited Stetet, idio have either embraced hankini^ 
from inf .imMJya fowfaea Ibr ^epmauit, or have 
ffediroin dviliBed aocietj toeaeape the Mirerit^ of 
the laws and iiidn%e in uni«slrained paasioo. 
They subsist almost entirely bj the chase and 
difier very Kttle m any retpeots from the savages. 
They live chiefly on White river, the Arkanaaa 
«&d Red rrrer. Their number ia estimated at 

This territixy is divided into 5 counties : Ar» 
kamaftiClaik, Hempetesd, Lawrence and Miller. 
The seat of government is established at Little 
Rock. Ths United States have a garrison at 
Fort Smith. 

.^rlsMBi^ r. N. America, which rises in ttie 
Rocky mountains in about lat 4r Nf. and pursn* 
m? 1 sontheasterly oonrse, join^ the Mississippi 400 
mues above the month of Red river. It forms for 
•ookediilaaee the boundary between the United 
States and ths Spaniah possessions, it then flows 
for a dwrt distanoe in &b territory of Missouri, 
uKieolsffsAriansaa near the N.W. coiner; after 
wtikhttscoursetieavrholly in that territory. The 
upper pert of its coaxse is through a mountainous 
sod hilly country, and the channel is oompara- 
\vft\j straigfaL At Little Rock it leaves the hilly 
csoaniry, though for 70 miles below, pine bluft oc- 
^saittnUy occur on its borders. It then enters the 
aUavial tract and winds its way in continual bends 
to the Mississippi. These bends are often worn 
vnj by the stream csutting for itself a shorter pas- 
sage through tiiem, and^mving in the old chan- 
nels ."tagnant waters, dflnd lagoons. About 15 
iniles above its mouth it is coniMCted with White 
river by a natural bayou 8 or 9 miles long ; boats 
eoteriog the Arkansas from up the Mississippi usu- 
aUy ascend the White river 7 miles, and then pro- 
ceed throu|h this bayou; other bayous connect 
Arkuuas nver directly with the Mississippi, form- 
ula delta, but they are dry at low water. The 
roimtry on its banks is subject to inundations, 
which prevent seHlements below the town of Ar- 
kansas. Themundaiions usually take place from 
February to May, earlier than those of the Missis- 
sippi and Minouri nvers, and are therefore less in- 
jurious to tbecrops. The wholelength of the riv- 
eris more than ifiOO miles. It has a few slight 
rapids and shoab, but not such as to prevent its 
nayigatioQ quite to its source. Steam-boats have 
asccpded to Fort 8raitfa, 500 miles from the Missia- 
nppi, and might, it is said, ascend as much farther. 
1(5 principal tributaries are Grand or Sixth Bull, 
»od VenUgris rivers from the north, and the La 
Fere, Petit John, Poteau and Canadian fmra the 
•with. 

•^rfesMMu, or Osmkt p-t. and cap. Arkansas co. in 
Arkansas teiritory, is situated on an elevated blufl" 
CQ the north bank of the Arkansas river, about ^ 
ofles in a direct line, and aO by water from the 
Mississippi, being the 5rst spot in ascending the 
mrer thai is seeure ft^ mundatioo. It is a 
ottered settlement of about 40 houses, and 
^^ foooad by the Fiweh mare thur a ccn- 
<af7 sgo. Most of the inhabitenta are now of 
noed blood, dBaoendanis ef Frenoh and Indians. 
Pop. 73$, 

^rfaiiimt,eo.AikBMaatae. fo^.l^M,dM^m 



55 



ARM 



178; enng«d]nagricultttreS71,in( 
in mannfiictures 19. 

wfrlMweft, t.A. Turkey, in Trebisondy on the 
Black sea, 36 m. £. N. £. Riseh. 

w^ffcam, or Arxmnrnt t En. Turkey, in Wala^ 
chia, on the borders ctf Transylvania, 18 m. & S. 
£. Hermannstadt . 

Arkiik^ Afkiko^ or ErkUt9f s-p. Abyssinia, at the 
bottom of the bay of Massuah. The inhabitants 
are among the worst and most degraded of men. 
Lon.39^l5'E. Ut.l5»32'N. 

AHmLf V. Holland, 8 m. N. Goreum. 

i/Muignrl&db/r, t £ng. in^Torkshire, 10m.fr. 
Richmond. 

AHeilkan. t A. Turkey, in Carammua, 18 m. £. 
Akahehr. ^^ 

Jirkhw^ s-p. Itehmd, 12m. S. Wicklow, 36 S. E. 
Dublin. 

Arkport, p-v. Steuben co. N. Y. on Cauisteo riv- 
er, 25 m. W. Bath. 

AH, QreaL and LiUU^ two rivers of Germany, 
in Saltzburg, empty into the Saltza near St John. 

Arkady or Arimee^ t France, in Pay de Dome, 
16 leagues & E. Clermont-Ferrand. 

ArUmwrni, r. Spain, in Old Castile, which joint 
the Artanza near Burgos, and foils into the Pitu- 
erga. 

AHhergy or A^Uerberg, mountains between Ty- 
rol and the lake of Constance. 

ArUj t in SalUburg, 10 m. S. W. RacUtadt, 38 
S. S. E. Salhburg. 

Arlm^ t in the Tyrol, 8 m. N. W. Landeck. 

ArUi^ a large, ancient, and well built t Franca, 
on tm left bank of the Rhone, in the dep. of 
Mouths of the Rhone, which here divides into two 
branches. Here have been he^ at different pe- 
riods, 13 ecclesiastical councils, of which the most 
important was that in A. D. 314. Its trade is in 
com, wine, oil, fruit, sheqp, and sausages ; and it 
baa manufactures of serge, gold and silver articles, 
and salt-petie. It is 16 leagues W. N. W. Aiz, 
174 8. 6. £. Paris. Lon.4°43'E. Lat43'40'N. 
Pop. 21,000. 

.^rlea, JiTtngdom ^. See Arelat. 

ArUsy t in Eastern Pyrenees, France. It has a 
strong oijUe, hot mineral springs, and near it is a 
lead mine and iron foundery. Pop. 1,230. Lon. 2^ 
43'E. Lat42"27'N. 

AriutgOj t Italy, in Padua, 8 m. N. W. Padna^ 

ArleMhoMf v. Switxerland, 3 m. S. Bale. 

AMei^ cape, Martinique island, on the N. N. W. 
coast. 

Arlmx^ t France, on the Senaet, dep. of the 
North, 2 leagues S. Doiiay. Top. 1 ,400. 

Arlington^y-i, BanniogtoD co. \X, 12 m. N. Ben- 
nington. Pop. in 1810^ 1,468. 

ArlWy t Netherlands, in the grand dutchy of 
Luxemburg. It has iron-works. 13 m. N. W. Lux- 
emburg. Pop. 3,130. 

ArlMiOy t Russia, in Finland, 55 m. E. S. £. Ta- 
vasthuus. Lon. 26" 3' £. I^at ir 44' N. 

w^Wy, r. Savoy, runs into the Isere near Con- 



w^rm lilttndj at the E. entrance of the straits of 
Sunda. Lon. 6*45' E. Lat. 106« 30 N. 

j^rma Saniiago de, city. New Granada, on a 
bianeh«f the Cauca, ISO m. N. E. Popayan, 84 8. 
Santa Fe de Antioquia. Lon. 75* 3ff W. Lat 5» 
33' N, 

.^murg^co. Ireland, in the province of Ulster, 
bounded N. by Lough Neagh, W. by Tyrone and 
Mbnaghan,& bj Louth, and E. by Down. The 



S6 



ARM 



linen mannfiMtiire ilouruhw in this ooonty. Pop. 
in 1812, 141^1. 

Armagh^ city, Ireland, capital of Armaflfa oo. It 
is the leat of the Arohbiahop of Annacfa, who is 
the primate of all Ireland. In the middle centu- 
ries, it wai celebrated as a place of leaminf^, hay- 
ing at one period, IfiOO students at its college. 
But afterwards the city decayed, until Baron 
Rokeby was promoted to the primacy ; by whose 
princely munificence, the cathedral was repaired, 
and the town altogether renovated. He built and 
endowed an obserratory, with an excellent astro- 
nomical apparatus, a library, and a palace ; and 
established a school where diildren are educated 
gratuitously, Mpprdinr to the modem improved 
system. Pop. 910, of which 2^1 are of the Es- 
tablished church, and 3,41 3 Roman Catholics. 62 
m. N. Dublin, 48 8. S. £. Londonderry. Lon. 6* 
SracrW. Lat64*2ri5:'N. 

Armagh^ p-t Indiana co. Pa. SO m. E. Pittsbm^g. 

Arwrngh, t MiiBin co. Pa. Pop. 1413. 

ArmagtOf t Arabia, 68 m. 8. Cathem. 

Armagpae^ formerly a county, France, in Gaaeo- 
ny, now included in the departments of the Gers 
and Upper Pyrenees. 

Armamtr^ t Portugal, in Beira, 10 mu 8. PeMpii- 
era. 

AnumA, t 8yria, in a valley, 10 m. N. W. 
Aleppo. 

Armaneet r. France, runs into the Armaneon, 
near St. Florentin. * 

Armaneonf or Armatuon, r. France, falls into 
the Tcmne, above Joi|py. 

Armaaao, t. Brazil, m 8. America, a statidi for 
the whale fishery. Lon.4r20rW. Lat.27"5'8. 

Armavir^ t. Armenia, on the Aras, 30 m. W. 8. 
W.Erivan. 

Armegoney or Armegum^ t Hind, on the coast of 
the Cantatic, with an English factory, 66 m. N. 
Madras. 

Armentusf v. 8yria, where the glass used in 
Aleppo is manufactured. 35 m. W. Aleppo. 

Armmit t Mingrelia, 30 m. 8. & Itfaur. 

Armenia, country, Asia, bounded N. by Geoiria 
and Min^Ua, E. by Azerbijan in Persia, 8. by 
Diarbekir, and W. by the Euphratea It JMrnoun- 
tainous, and, owing to its height above fhe level 
of the sea, is of a colder temperature than might 
have been expected from its geographical position. 
Wheat and barley, cotton, hemp, tobacco, and 
raw silk, are cultivated. The Armenians INm 
the chief class of traders in the Persian empire ; 
inhabit a large portion of Asiatic Turkey, anid are 
found in other parti of the world. They enpge 
in thf most extensive commereial undertakings, 
and bBar a high character for integrity in their 
tlealings. They are a distinct race of people, sel- 
dom intennarrying with other tribes, and profess- 
ing a peculiar religion, the besis of which is Chris- 
tianity. The western parts are subject to the 
Turks, the eastern to the Persians, and the sou^- 
em are ruled by numerous independent chieis. 

Anmenl^ or £rNMn/, v. on the Nile, in Upper 
IJgypt, called also Baled Mouse, 16 m. N. Esne. 

ArmenUquij place in Spain, 1 m. fr, Vittoria. 

ArmenHeretj t France, on the Lys, in dep. of 
North. It has manufiu^tures of linen and. other 
stuflb. 3 leagues N.W.Lille, 14 N.N.E.Douay. 
Pop.7,60a 

wfrnuii/OitNaiAeSfinBasilicata, S0m.8.aE. 
Potenza. 

AmUj GqM delPf etpe, Naples, on the S. cout 
nfCalabria. 



ARN 

jffMU'fftf f| t Spam, inArragon,44B. 8. San^ 
gOBsa. 

Armir^ t Eng. Yorkshire, 2 m. fr. Bmaith. 

Armiroj s-p. Eu. Turkey, on the W. sidie ef tbe 
gulfofVoIo,10m.8.Volo. Loa.23*rE. LuL 
3»»aO'N. 

Armita^ r. Darieo, enters the sea near Cape Ti- 
buron. Also a town on its banks. 

Anmmt otAfWdK^ v. France, in Aio. Pop. 1,ttOL 
3 leagues N.W.Belley. 

ArmU^ t. Eng. Yorkshire, on the Liveipool ea- 
nal and the Aire, with extensive manuiac&vtta. 2 
m. fr. Leeds. Pop. 2,941. 

Armona^ t isUind of Negroponte, 22 m. S. E. 
Ncgroponte. 

ArmnltUe Head^ cape, on the N. coast of Soot- 
land. Lon.3'66'W.Lat68'36'N. 

Ammn^ parish with six villages, Hanover, 7 n. 
E. 8. E. Verden. 

Arwt^teim^ v. in the upper bailiwick of Absey. 
mnd dutchy of Hesse-llannstadt, on the Wiaa- 
Dach,4 m. N. Abaey. 

Armitrongi co. P**^ on the Alleghany. Chief t. 
ianinjF. Fo "^ 



Pop. 10424; engaged in agricolUuv 
1,997, in commerce 16, in manunctures 347. 

ArmUrcng, t. Indiana oo. Pa. Pop. 587. 

Armttrong^ p-v. Montgomery oo. ^abama. 

Amuirong^i Creeks p-v. Kenhawa oo. Va. 

i^rM*ff Cntt'Roadif p-v. Ontario co. N. Y. 

Armi, t. and harbor, on the E. coast of the isl- 
and of Andros, in the Archipelago. 

Ama^ t Africa, cap. of a district in the deaert 
between Fezaan and Bomou, inhabited by a peo- 
ple called Tibbo, 250 m. E. 8. E. Mouraouk. 

Amacy two villages, France, one in Ronergne, 
the other in Attvergne. Another in the dep. of 
Upper Vienne. Pop. 2ifl|^ Likewise one in the 
dep.pfCorreze. Pop. 1,IML 

AnuUj t Sweden, in Angermannlandf &S m. E. 
N. E. Hemosand. 

Anuu^ t Prussia, in Oberland, 4 m. 8. S. W. 
Osterrode. 

Amauy t Bohemia, on the Elbe, in the ciiTBle of 
Bitschow, 9 m. N. Konigsgratz. 

Amaui-Btlfgradf t. Eu. Turkey, in Albania, 40 
m. N. E. VaUona. ^ 

wfmoty-ie-Due, or Arfu^mf'Arroux^ t. France, 
in Beaune. Pop. 2,750. 10) leagues 8. W. Di- 
jon. 

Amdoiff t Bavaria, in Subibedi, district of 
Parkstein, 4 m. £. Kemnat Another, near tiie 
Nab, 18 m. E. 8. E. Bayreuth. 

Ameburg^ t. in the Old Mark of Brandenburg, 
on the Elbe, 60 m. W. Berlin. 

AmedOf t Spain, in Burgos, 3 m. S-Calahom. 

Amee^ t. Hind, in the Caraatic, 14 m. 8. Aroot, 
75 8. W.Madns. 

Amemu^den^ s-p. in the island of Waldierea, 
Dutch province of Zealand. It had an excellent 
harbor, which is now choaked up with mud, and 
was formerly a place of consequence ; probably 
the Hanse town, Ameimmda. 3 m. £. Middle* 
burg, 6 N. N. E. Flushing. 

.^met, t Sweden, in Angermawnland, on tbe 
gulf of Bothnia. 

Amhmuenj t subject to Bavaria, in Wmtalmrg, 
2 m. 8. Kissii^;eiL 

Amkamen, L Germany, in Pomerania, S4 BL 
N.W. New8tettin. 

^mAetm, or Amhenh city, Netherianda, capital 
of Guelderland. Pop. in 1796, 10^080. 30 m. £. 
Utrecht, 46 8. E. Amsterdam. 

Amot r. Italy, in Tuseany, risei in the Appe- 



A RP 

lunesy ami nms into that puloftheMeditaita- 
nean, called thoTiiBcaii aaa. It.pasMi through 
tKe cjtj of Floranoe^ and «ntan ^e sea 12in. N. 
L egh orn^ and 4 b^w Piaay to which phusa ttit 
aairigabie for imall veaaek. 

Armmy Ctvifo, J% t. Italj, in the States of tbB 
Churd&v 3 m. £• N. £• PorogiaDo. 

ArmM^X. £d«:. 4m. fir. Nottingham. Po|i.3,042. 

Arnold 9 Mpheef p-T. Fanqnier oa 66 m. W. 
WaahingtoD. 

jfmeyai, r. Spam, which tuna into the Mohin, 
near RiTadaria, in Galicia. 

Armaj^ r. Poitogal, rani into the Atlantic. 
Loou 9» 7' W. Lat ^ Sy N. 

A nuiavf^ L Praana, in Oberland,!! hlS Jlolland. 

Anitdarf^ t. PriMsia, in Enneland, 16 m. W. 
HeiUperg. ^ 

ArntfiSif L Sazonj, in Engebur^i 6 m. S. Wol« 



A RR 



57 



N. 



wlmc^ean, t. Germanj, in the grand dotohjr of 
H€9K-I>Bnniladt, 3m.N. W. Wonna. 

j^nuiadtf t Saxony, on the Gera, Sehwarlz- 
boi^macie^acj. It has a oonaiderable trade in 
com and wodL 10 m. S. W. Erfurt Pop. 4,000. 

AnuUiny L bailiwick, and castle, Bavaria, on 
te Webm. fl) m. N. N. £. Wnrtxbuig^. Pop. 
13)0. 

AnuUmy or JSatlerarvMlctfi, t Germany, on 
the Lafan. Iti abbey belongs to the prince of Naa- 
sau.WeilbQi]g. Pop.84XX). 

AnuUmy t. Pruasia, in Natangen, 20 m. 8. 
Bnndenbiu|^. 

Aroy r. Spain, runs into the Meditartanean, 6 
SL S. Pklafeaos. 

Aroany a place in the desert of Sahaim, 150 m. 
N. W. Tombuctoo, on the oaravan route to F^^ 
Its salt mines supply the coiuitnes on the Niger. 

ArocKij t. Spam, in Estremadurst 46 m. I 
W. Seville. 

An>U€ny t. Germany, in the county of Wal- 
4«ilc Moet of the coUeges of the principality 
hive their seat here. 38 m. W. S. W. Gottingen. 

Armnasy t. France, in Jura, 6 leagues S. W. 
Orsetet. ^ , . .^ 

.^roM, t. lUly, on the W. bank of lake Mag- 
fiore, opposite Anghienu 17 m. N. N. W. No- 
>iir. Pop. 4^000. 

Armuiy or Anme^ r. Italy, in the SUtes of the 
Chureh. It issues from lake Braociano, and fidls 
into the Mediterranean. 

Aro&y iA. in the Eastern seas, S. of Papua. Lon. 
]33*E.Lat.6'& . _ . 

Ar903tiet r. rises in Maine, and running E. joins 
the St. Johns in New-Brunswick. 

Ar^inU^t, Hind, in Mysore, 20 m. S. Bannlore. 

Aromeoy t. Portugal, in Beira, 27 m. S. W. La- 

ArwihortMny a country of Tartary, near the 
freat w^ of China. 

Arp^ r. Circassia, falls into the Kuban. Lat. 
44' 46'N. 

Arpaioy t Naples, in Principato Ultra, 6 m. S. 
S. W. Bcnevento. 

Arpcjtmj t. France, on the Orge, dep. of the 
Seine and Otie. Pop. 2,100. Here are manu- 
^cturesofcottoD, and fire-arms. 71eague8S. Ver- 
sailles. 

Arfdvot <»- Severocy t. France, in Cental, a few 
miles £ E. Aurillae. 

Arpatimrgy t. Gennany, in the Old Mark of 
Brandenburg, 9 m. S. Saltzwedd. 

Arvi, or VArrh *• Naples, in Capitanata, 14 m. 
S.VV.Manfirwloiun. 

8 



AfpinOf i. Naples, in Terra di Lavoro, the birth 
place of Marius and Cicero. It has cloth mano- 
bctories. 56m. N.N. W.Naples. 

ArqvaiOf t. Italy, in the papal territory of Um- 
bria, 10 m. S. W. Ascoa 

ArouenneMy t. Netherlands, in Brabant, near 
NireUes, and well known for its lime-pits and 
blue marble. 

Arfuaumf r. Fiance, in Cotes du Nord. It 
runs by Jugon into the Englidi channeL 

Arque$j r. France, in Lower Seine, runs by Ar- 
ques, into the English channel , near Dieppe. 

Arqmuy t. France, on the Aiques, 2 Ungues 8. 
£. Iheppe, 11 N. Rouen. Pop. 1,700. 

Arqitfy T. France, in Artois, ]3i leagues N. E. 
Anras. 

Arquu^ t. France, in Aude, 61 leagues 8. CaN 



Atroy tA. Turkey, in Diarbekir, 30 m. W. 
Orfa. 

Arraeany formerly an independent kingdom, but 
since the year 1783 a proTinoe of the Birman em- 
pire. It lies S. E. BengaL On the £. it is divi- 
ded from Pegue and Ava by a range of mountains, 
through which there are very few passes. Con- 
siderable cooimerpe is carried on with BengaL 
The exports are chiefly honey, wax, ivory, drugs, 
sapphires, rubies, and gold ; in exchange, they 
take back tissues, silks, muslins, European com- 
modities of all kinds, pearls, and diamonds. 

Amuatiy city ond cap. of the above province, 
is on the Arracan, in Ion. 03" 25' E. and hit. W 
40^ N. It is the residence of a viceroy. The har^ 
hour, it is said, has six fathoms water at the bar, 
and is capable of containing a large fleet 

Arradu See Aregh. 

Arraeoiwrty v. France, in Meurthe, 6 leagues E. 
Nancy. 

ArradoHj t France, in Morbihan, 3 m. S. W. 
Vannes. 

ArragoHj province, Spain, bounded N. by the 
Pyrenees, W. by Navarre and Castile, 3, by Va- 
lencia and E. by Catalonia. The soil, thousii in 
some places sandy, stony, and mountainous, is on 
the whole productive. Here are raised maiie, 
hemp, madder and safiron ; and excellent wine is 
exported in considerable quantities. Large quan* 
titles of silk also are made and exported ; but the 
breeding of sheep forms the grand branch of indus- ' 
try. The wool is in high esteem with foreigners, 
and in 1782 nearly 60/)00 cwt was exported. 
Pop. 030^000. 

Arragon, r. Spain, rises in the Pyrenees, and 
falls into the Ebro, between Tudela and Cala- 
horra. 

Arrahy t. Persia, in Mekran, on the coast of the 
Arabian sea, 140 m. W. Tatta. Lon. 85° E. Lat. 
25*' 25' N. 

Arraky t Hind, in Behar. Lon. 84° 48^ E. Lat 
25'32'N. 

Arrant isl. on the W. coast of Scotland, near 
the mouth of the Clyde, 20 miles long, and contain- 
ing 186 square miles. Pop. 8,764. 

Arraneify v. France, in Mouse, 14 leagues N. N. 
E. Bar-le-Duc. 

Arrantnoriy iC on the N. W. coast of Ireland. 
Lon. 8° 25' W. Lat 56° N. 

Amu^ t France, capiul of Pte de Calais, on the 
Scarpa, 6. leases & W. Douay, and 13 N. E. 
Amiens. It is regularly fortified with walls and 
towers. The citadel, which was constructed by 
Vauban, is'reckoned one of the strongest in France. 
L9D.2°6r£.Ut50°irN. Pop. 18,872. 



SB 



A R S 



Arralt^ r. Frtnoe, laUi into the Garoi^, below 
Aobtlar. 

j§mnfal deRiodm Alma^^ t. Bresil, in Goyu, 
onthefooeentint, 4Sm. N. N. E. Villa Boa. 

Anrnfol de Auumpcamy t. Braxil, in Goyaa, oo 
the Toocantins, 340 m. N. N. E. Villa Boa. 

Artn^al de Ponite, t. Brasil, in Pera, oo the 
Toocantins, 310 m. S. Putu 

Arrmjfiloiy t Portagalt in Alentejo, 10 m. N 
Eyora. Pop. 2,700. 

Arreaut or ArreuTj t Franee, in Uf^er Py- 
renees, lOlee^ues 8. Tferbes. 

Arruge^ or Ariep^ r. France, rises in the Py- 
renees, passes by Aiz, Terasoon, Foix, and Pa- 
miers ; beoomes navigable at Saverdun, and joins 
the Garonne between Muret and Toulonse. 

Arritgt, or Ariegi^ deparimeiit of Franoe, 
bounded £. by Aode, S. £. by Eastern Pyrenees 8. 
by the Pyreneen mountains, and W. and N. by 
Upper Garnmne. Pop. 223,996. Foix is the cap- 
ital. 

wf rrtsofia, isl. off the coast of Portngal. Lon. 8^ 
55'W.Ut.37*14'N. 

Arrwaeaur^ffi or Artnaecunhj^j t. Hind. !n 
Coimbetore, beloiu^ to the British. 20m.£. 
Daraporum, 63 8. W. Trichinopoly. Lon. 78^ £. 
Lttt. 10* 15' N. 

^m>, inlet, in the gulf of Georgia, on the N. W. 
coast of America, E. of Quadra and VancouTer's 
island. Lon.23T»0'E.Lat.4"36'N. 

Arroe, isL in the BalUc, 8. W. of Fnnen. Pop. 
in 1803, 7373. Lon. l(f 20^ E. Lat 54** 63r x^. 

wf rroe, islands in thvRed sea, off Mocba. 

Arr^adeSi,Seftanj t Spain, in Estremadura, 
3 m. 8. Mcrida. 

Ammehet, t Portugal, inAlenteJd 95m.£. 
Lisbon. Pop. l,70a 

Arronetf t Spain, in Navarre, 7 m. S. E. Estella* 

Arroty r. Franoe, Ws into the Adour, near 

Aire- ... 

Arroux, r. France, passes through Anton, and 
runs into the Loire, betweni Bourbon-Lancy and 
Port at. Digoin. 

Arram^ r. Eng. faUs into the Lag near Leomin- 
ster. 

.^rroto, r. Ireland, flows from Lough-Arrow to 
the sea, 5 m. 8. W. Sligo. 

Arrow-roekf t Cooper ca Missouri. 

Arrcuaie 4a CkvfUh t. Buenos Ayres, on the 
W. side of the Uregiiay, in lon. 58" 14' W. lat. 38» 
99^ S. 

^fTOMff, t. Paraguay, 51 m. E. Assumption. 
Lon. 5^47' W. Lat. 25' 29' SC' S. 

Art, t France, isl. of Rh^, in Lower Charente. 
6i leagues W. La Rochelle. Pop. 3,000. 

An^ t France, in Crease, 5 m. N. W. Aubusson. 

Anat^ t. Fiance, in Lower Pyrenees. Pop. 
1,015. 12 leagues E. 8. E. Dax. 

Anaee, i. fiyria, IOblN. N. W. Aleppo. 

Anadda. See Solomon's /stomit. 

AnagOf t Italy, in the dutchy of Milan, 12 m. 
N.Milan. 

Anamat^ t Rusaia, 48 m. S. Nishnei-NovgonML 
Pop.5/Nm.' 

./Jnuno, V.Italy, war Naples. Pop. 5,100. 

Aruewafh t Hind, in Onssa, 30 m. 8. W. Sur- 

Jtrieminh t. Sardinia, 7 m. 8. W. Cagliari. 
Aneiif r. Turidih Armenia, runs into the Eu- 
phrates near Il^a. 
ArtH. Sec^mr. 
Arntru, t Wy, in the Vioentm, 20 m. N. Vi- 



AR V 

Ahkf t Russia, on the Kasanka, 40m.N. N. £' 
KMan. Lon. 19'34'E.Ut.60*20'N. 

Artk^y V. Eng. in Yorkshire^ on the Don. 3 
m.fron Doneaster. Pop. l/)00. 

Antmoai, v. France, in Aube, 1^ leagoea N. W. 
Bar-sur-Aabe. 

ArtUj t Persia, in Schirvan, on the Kur, 40 a. 
S. 8. W. Sehamaghie. 

Anundoy t. Sweden, in Gestrildand, 15 m. S. 
W.Gefle. « 

Anwy Amr, ArtgA or At$H a hamlet en the 
coast of Syria. Solomon ir sup p osed tohnTe built 
the city Asor upon its site. 10 m. N. iaA. 

ArU orUntenrl, t Switzerland, on the lake of 
Zuff. 17 m. N. Schweitz. Pop. 2,3001 
. Aria^ or Lmrith U En. Turkey, in Albemia, «d 
Arta river, 9 m.aboveits einltranoe into ik» gidf of 
Arta. Lon.2r8'E.Lat3r30rN.Pop.6g000. 

Arioki, t A. Turkey, inNatoUa, on the 8. coat! 
ofthe sea of Marmora, 45 m.E. Gallipodi, 90S. 
W . ConstantiaoplOb 

ArtahHn t Eu. Turkey, in Romania, 46 m. N. 
W. Gallipoli. 
Uriels, t. Georgia, 40 m. 8. Teflis. 
AHttmmh t. Russia, 120 m. 8. 8..E. Tobolsk. 
Artan^ t A. Turkey, in Cammania, B4 m. S. 
Akserai. 

AHmu^ or AnUma^ t Spain^ in Navarre, 15 b. 
fttm Pampekina. 
Aritmi^ t Turkish Armenia, 27 m. S.Akulzike. 
AHmmu^ t.Fimnoe, on the Indre^ 4 lancues S. 
W.TourT ^*^ 

itfrtaesM, t Mingielia, 1 10m. N . E. Ti«bisoDd. 
Artaxtttej t. Persian Annenia, on the Arase?, 
15 m. 8. Erivan, now in ruins. 

Artmae, t France, in Lower Charente. 7 
lM|ues S. £. Saintes. Pop. 1,500. 

Artena^ t France^ 5 leagues from Orleans, oa 
the road to Paris; noted for its manu&ctUK of 
kmves. Pop. |,500. 

ArUm, t bailiwick, and castle, on the Unstmt, 
m the Saxon part ofthe county of MinsfekL 10 
m. W. Eisleben. Pop. 2,240. 

Arth, or Anha, r. Wales, falls into the eea & of 
Aberystwith. 

Arifua^ t France, in Lower Pyienees. 3 leacoes 
E.0rthez,and6iN.W.Pau. Pop.2JWO. 
Arthur KuU, See JVetnir* Bay, 
Artik-abad^ t. A. Turkey, in Sivas, 12 m. S. S. 
E.Tocat. 

Artinguny^ U Hind, in Marawas, 6 m. £. Ra- 
manadporum. 
Ariieh. See Ar^iteh, 

Ariognoy t Venetian territory, in Bresciano, 13 
m. S. S. W. Breno. 

Artoitf county and government of Franoe, for- 
merly included in the Netherlands, having beeo 
reckoned one ofthe 17 provinces, it is now in- 
cluded in the departments ofthe Pas de Calais, th^ 
Somme and the North. 

ArloUheim^ t. Franoe, in Lower Rhine^ fi m. S. 
£. Sehkttstat 

Artm^ X Fkance, in Lower Loire, 7 leasracs 
W.S. W.Nantes. ^ 

wIrlMtie, t. France, in Pay de Dome, on the 
Moms. 5i leagues N.Clennont-Ferrand. Pop. 

'^not, t Little Bttkharia, 25 m.W.Cashgar. 
Artoudcy t Syria, 16m. N. Damasous. 
ArtroM, t. Turkish Armenia, 00 m. N. Kars. 
Arinbaek^ r. Styria, rans into the Ens, 4 m. S. 
Reiffling. 
ArcOf county in Unngary. It derives itemaac 



ASA 

troDi die namd castk of Arvm, ^R^iioll is Mm. N. 
ijf nwmJwrg 
^n«,r.Uiii«mi7«iUb intotlKiWttf. 11m. 

^/iMm,tBniily«ttli«aioath of the Gutam^ 
po, 140 m.W.S. W.Pan. 

.Ind^,t Fniiea,in Lower PyreneaL PopafOSOL 
5}eagiaeiS.PlKii. 

wine, r. fiavoj, fidli into the Rhone near Ge- 

jlmcil^ L Naples, on the sea coast of Calabria 
Ultn,4iii.&8tiUo. 

.4mitf9eicr,ta««iisliLa|aaBd, 76111. W. Pitea. 
LsL65*t8'N. 

wln0i,r. Eng; Aows into the sea at Little Ham^ 

too, IB SOSSSB. 

jlrwiiel,t£of.mSttsaes,oa the Aran, whioh 
is hoenaT^ableibr Teoelsof aOOtons; awl the 
navkatieB ii carried on to the Thanes by meaas 
ofacsosL Pop. 2,700. lOim-fromChiehester, 
57 8.L««i8ii. 

AnandeUtP^t, York oo. Maine, on the sea^ooast, 
$lo.N.£.Tork. Pop.S«478. 

jIijs, t Italy, in the •Venetian territory, district 
oTFrii^ 10M.W. &.W.Pkhna]aNiiova. 

^rsar,tFnu»e, m Lower Pyrenees, 6|leag«ee 
E.€rtfic& 

Anma^ t Russia, 64 m. from NiahneipNovg^. 
ral Lsn.19r34r£. Lat.66''»rN. 

^rsoaastt, or wfraanno, t Franoe, in Finistem, 
Pop.4,ua IS leB«SB£. Simper. 

wlniflnr,tBavann, inthecnde of the Maine, 
7 m. £. Woosiedel. Pop. 1,132. 

jf fsa^an. Afwrwtgmx^ or Anmjpu^ t. A. Tur- 
key, OB the Eaphrates, 46 m. W. £nerum. 

^fwa»t Upper ItUy, in thePedaan,9m.9.£. 
Pftdus. 

AfwtntHi* See JSfMnMi. 

Arum^^. Akien, 16 aB.£.Oran. 

.4fatfiMM»t Upper Italy,on the Gua, 15 m. W. 
6.w7Viesna. 

.4maB,»>p.Moraeeot the iifst that occors on the 
NsditanaBStt, after passiner Cape Sparte). 

ArzStt^t. tely, rone into the Adriatic a little N. 
sfFkaa. 

^/SMstFraiiM^ in Upper Loire. Pop. 1,60a 

jfrwsft fipanB|mGaliek,12nL £.9t Jagode 



A S C 



<9 



.4t,t&wedBB,inJamtland, nearhdM8torsio,6 
SLN.Osbwsoed. 

jffli, r. Arehdatcby of Austria, runs into the 
DiiuibcS m. N. Efisniing. 

Ambn^ r. Spain, rans into the Aitagoo Mar 
Marillo. 

Tiiiin.nr fmisi. a ooantry between Bengal and 
lliibet, istersseled by the Brahmapootra, and soT- 
cnl other lifers; beondedN. by the lofty m^u- 
tsimof Beotan and Thibet, & by the Ganrow 
■sufltaiosiW.byBeMl and Bisnee, and £. by 
tiibatarisB sf Ava and Chiaa. Asam is an nn* 
Mthy oottitry, but f«ry fertile, and produces 
gold, ifcry, lac, pifpper, silk, and cotton. Itoimp 
portiftsm Bengal an prinoipalhr salt, various Eo- 
ropetBooBimo&iea,andafewnaemuslina. The 
rwiiwimtjun with Pungsl is carried on by means 
iftbs grsit rirer Bnhm^notra, from which there 
a ta iaisnd navigation m e wry direetien. Po]^ 
■fco«tl,88tV00QL Chisft0Wtt,6faerooag. 

^«snie,t8weden,0BttasLiag*, inJamtland, 
B4v.W.9nQAni«IL 

Amn^X. Sicily, infhe Val di Note, 8 m. 8. Ni- 



A$ai^ t Sweden, in Sohonen. Lob. IS* 40^ E* 
LaL66PirN. 

^f66dk, t Germany, in Munster, 4 m. 8. E. Aa« 
bans. 

Atben^ a laige kingdom in the interior of AfriMu 
between Feszan and Caahna. 

4k6vrr, t m the Prossian grend duioby of the 
Lower Rhine, 6 m. £• Meurs, 18 W. Duisbwg. 
AMntrff^ p-t Sussex ca N. J. 36 m. N. Trenton. 
AteaU^ t Franoe, in Lower Pymneei, 3 hl fr. 
StJeandeLus,12fr.Bayonne. Pop^ 1,200. 

wtfsMlsR, t Palestine, on the sea^ooast, 14 m. N. 
Gaza, and 30 a W. Jerusalem. LQn.3«'4T£. 
Lat3r30'N. 

Aaemmmi^ isl. in the Atlantic, betwemi Afrioa 
and Braiil. It is entirely barren and umnhahitod; 
but is frequented by the homeward bound ship- 
ping, on aoconnt of its escellent harbour, and the 
fish, sea4bwl, and turtle, whioh it afibrdi. The 
cnvioe of a rod: in this island forms what is called 
the Sailor'ii Post-Offioe. Hcjre craws leaye a well 
corked bottle, with letters inelosedy which ara ta*- 
ken UD and carried to their destination by the neatt 
ship that passes in a oontraiy direction. Lon. 14* 
28' W. LatS'S'S. 

dfteensisn, parish, Louisiana, on the Mississippi. 
Pop. 3,728, slaves 2,129 ; engaged in agrioultura 
1^696, in oommerce 18, in manulaetnres 16. 

Aaeamon^ cap. of the island of Macgarita, for- 
merly odebrated for its pearl fisheries. 

Atemtim Bajf^ on the £. side of Yucatan, in 
the bay of Honduras. Lon. 88" 66^ W. Ut.l9'W N4 
wIjcA, or AMchoy t. Germany, in the Bohemian 
circle of Egra,8 m. N. N. W. of theEgra. 

^seAo, or .^scAmi, in Upper Bavaria. SeeBMof- 
Atdunu 

AKhath, or Ate/unt^L Austria, on the Danube, 
6 m. N. EffiBrding. 

Aiehath,t Germany, in Bavaria, on the Saale, 
6 m. N. Kissingen. 

Atduijfmburgyt Bavaria, on the Maine, 18 m. 
a £. Frankfort, and 40 £. Menti. Lon.9^7'E. 
Lat40*58'N. Pop.d40O. The original district 
of Aschaiienbnrg whieh constituted that sort of ju- 
risdiction called in Gennan a vieedom, was 22 
miles long and 18 broad, and contained 82 villages 
and hamlets. 

A$ehe^ t Netherlands, in Brabant, on the road 
from Brussels to Ghent Pop. 3,750. 

Aaehmgwukoi^ fort, Siberia, on the confines of 
China. 130 m. S.S. W. Selinginsk. 

AMtheres^i. Franoe, in Loiret, 6 leagues N. N. £. 
Orleans. Pop. 1,500. 

AtehertUbm, t. Prussia, in the pri^ipality of 
Halberatadt, 16 m. S. E. Halberstadt. Pop. 7,900. 
AithiBomau^ lake, Prussia, 40 m. 8. £. Konigs- 

FseMer, t Sweden, in S. Gothland, 12 m. N. 
Wardberg. 

AkoH, L Italy, in the Marea d'Aneona one of 
the States of the Chbroh, at the confluence of the 
Castellano with Tronto river. It is the see of a 
bishop. 48 m. S. Ancona. Ut4r46'N. 

AteoU di Smiriano^ t. Naples, in Capitanata,65 
m.E.N.E. Naples. Lat.4r8'N. 

Ateonmy ▼• Swiss canton of Ticino, on lake Msg- 
giora, 2 BL S. Locarno. 

Ateoti^ t BuoiDngham 00. Lower Canada, on the 
St Francis, 67 m. S. E. Three-Rivers, 16 N. E. 
lake Memphrama^. Pop. l/XX). 

Aaeoj^ t Spam, in Guipusooa, on the Urola, 
6 m. £. Plaoenfaa. 



60 



ASH 



Ateq^ ▼. in Frracfa Flandcrt, with a pariih chQich 
and 250 hooBea, in dep. of the North, 1 league 
from Lille. 

Atcrib UUmdt, N. of Sjrke. Lon. 0" 28' W. IM. 
67*27 N. 

jise. See Orontes. 

Aaputney-, mountain, Vt in Windsor. It is 3^320 
feet above the level of the aea. 

AteU^ t Swedish Lapland, and capital of Asele 
Lapmark, 85 m. W. Umea. Lon. \T 4' E. Lat. 
64" IS' N.^The Lapmark is boondedN. W. by 
Norway ; £. by Umea Lapmark ; S. by Anger- 
mannland; and S. W. by. Jamtland. Pop. 1,200. 

Aserrado^ r. Cuba, rons into the Spanish Main, 
entheacoast Lon. TG** 40' W. Lat2a*N. 

d^^eU-fo-Fttte, t. France, in Ardennes. Pop. 
1,080. 12 leagues S. W. Meaieres. 

AtfuHy orAtM-fuun^ city, Egypt, the ancient 
Aphunitf W. of the Nile, 7 m. N. Esne. 

.^iA,er£<4,t.£n«. 5m.fr. Durham. Pop.383. 

Aah,co. N. C. Pop. 4,335; slaves 250; en- 
gaged in agriculture 785, in commerce 7, in man- 
u&ctures 26. 

Atkangeet lake, in Casta, Abyssinia, near the 
source of the Tacazze. 

Atkaniee, AumUj or Aiienle, an extensive terri- 
tory of W. Africa, situated immediately behind 
the states which occupy the Gold coast This 
kingdom, the name of which till very lately had 
scarcely reached Europeans, seems to be indispu- 
tably the most powerful, civilized, and commercial 
of any on the western coast of this continent. 

A^toiUei. See AsJiueloi. 

AMorough^ p-t and cap. Randolph co. N. C. 85 
m. W. Raleigh. 

Ashbourne, t Eng. 13 m. fr. Derby. Pop. 2,112. 

Athburgan^ tGreaX Bukharia, 45 m. W. Balk. 
Lat. 36" 44' N. 

AMumhant, p-t. Worcester co. Mass. 55 m. N. 
W. Boston, 30 N. Worcester. Pop. 1^230. 

Aihburlonj t Eng. Devonshire. Spinning and 
weaving are carried on here; and tlicre are produc- 
tive mmes of tin and copper in the neighbourhood. 
Pop. 3,053. 9 m. fr. Totness, 23^ £. N. E. Plym- 
outh. 

Atkby, p-t. Middlesex co. Mass. 50 m. N. W. 
Boston. Pop. 1,188. 

Ashby^'la-ZoucK, t. Eng. Leicester co. Near 
it is a mineral water called Griffydam. Pop. 3,141. 
12 m. fr. Derby, 15 fr. Leicester. 

Atkdon^ or Astingdon^ v. Eng. Essex co. 3 m. fr. 
Saffron- Walden, 45 fr. London. 

Aahereft or Athrqff, t Persia, in Mazanderan. 
The bay, i a mile from the town, contains the best 
harbor on the S. side of the Caspian sea. 15 m. from 
Fehrabad, 16 from Sari. Lon.53^32'E. Lat35'' 
62' N. 

Ash/ere, See Esfere, 

Ashfidiy p-t Franklin co. Mass. 15 m. N. W. 
Northampton. Pop. 1,748. 

Atkfordy or Eshfard, t Eng. Kent co. 12 m. fr. 
Canterbury, 57 £. S. E. London. Pop. 1,532. 

Athford, t Eng. Derbyshire, on the Wye. Mar- 
ble is cut here, and polished by machinery. 1^ m. 
fr. Bakewell, 154 N. W. London. 

Athfordy p-t Windham co. Conn. 31 m. N. E. 
Hartford. Pop. 2,778. 

Aihkdrey t Persia, in Khoraasan, 30 m. W. He- 
rat. 

Ashlqfj r. S. C. rises N. of Charleston, and pass- 
ing alon^ the W. side of the city, unites with Coop- 
er river in Charleston harbor, 7 miles from the 



A s I 

AtniMimttfit See jscsAiiiiMeifi. 

AMhmun-tanah^t Egypt, the aneiBnt Thmgnin 
CD a canal of the Nile, 12m. £. Manstfra. 

AAoter^ t. Eng. Derbyshire, 6 m.fr.ChMteifield« 
157 fr. London. Pop. 2,377. 

Atk-mme^monrkar^ cape, ontheooast of Algiers^ 
20m.S.S. W. Bonjeiah. 

AOUabula, co. the N. £. part of Ohio, on L«ke 
Erie. Chief tJelferson. Pop. 7;382; engaged in 
agriculture, 1,499, in commerce 19, in manoi&c- 
tures27l. 

Aahtabuhi, p-t Ashtabula oo. Ohio, on Lake 
Erie, 6 m. N. Jefferson. Pop. 929. 

A^UabulOj r. Ohio, runs mto Lake Erie, 45 m. 
W. Erie. 

Aakian in Wtdbefidd^ t Eng. in Laneashirey 3 m, 
fr. Newton, 195 fr. London. Pop. 4,747. 

Athion^ t Eng. in Cheshire, 3 m. fr. Chester, 
188 fr. London. 

Aahion, t. Delaware co. Pa. Pop. 766. 

MiJUnh Point, on the N. W. coaat of Amer- 
ica, in New CorawaU. Lon. 231* 8' E. Lsa.53* 
SO'N. 

AihionF^under-Line^.t, Eng. on the Tame, in 
Lancashire. Pop. of the parish, 19/152. 85 m. fr. 
London. 

AAtrian, t Great Bukharia, 20 m. W. Semar- 
cand. 

AtkukiLA. Turicey, in Moral, <m the Tlgria,2S 
m. E. Tecrit 

AahmUe, p-v. Buncombe eo. N. C. 

Athieoftii, t Eng. Lancashire, 9 m. fr. Manches- 
ter. Pop. 261. 

win, r. Italy, in the States of the Qiureb, laUs 
mto the Tiber, near Orrieto. 

Ana, one of the 5 divisions of the earth, con- 
nected on the W. with Europe and Africa, Vat 
separated from America on the E. by Behring^ 
straits. It is bounded on the N. by the Arctic or 
Frozen ocean ; E. by the Pacific ocean; 8. by the 
Indian ocean ; and W. by Africa, the Mediterrane- 
an sea and Europe. It extends from 2^ to TT" N. 
lat and from 26*" to 190^E. Ion. The area is esti- 
mated by Hassel at 16,728^000 square miles. 

It contains the following countries : Toikiey in 
Asia, Russia in Asia, Arabia, Persia, Cabul in- 
cluding Beloochistan, Hindoostan or Hither India, 
Farther India, Chinese empire, Japan, and the 
Asiatic islands. 

Asia extends through all the zones and Ims every 
gradation of climate from the cold of the Polar 
regions to the burning heat of the eqoator. It 
presents also every variety of sur&oe, mountains 
whose tops aro lost in the clouds, vast deserts, and 
regions of the most exuberant fertility. 

The principal ranges of mountains are the Altay, 
which in length is iiuerior only to the great Amer- 
ican range, and the Himmalehrai^pe, which is the 
loftiest on the globe. The principid rivers are the 
Oby, the Enioei, and the Lena, which flow into 
the Frozen ocean; the Amour, the Hoaagr-Ho, 
Kian^Ku, and Japanese, which flow into the Pa- 
cific ; aiMl theGanges, hidus and Euphimtas, which 
run into the Indian ocean. 

The prevailing religions are Pagauim and Ma- 
hometamsm. llie principal Ullages are the 
Arabic, Persian, and Chinese, 'fhe popnlati«i 
is variously estimated from 350,000,000, to 
OOO/XWiOOO. Hassel makes it 380,000^00a The 
Asiatic governments are mostly despotic monarv 



Atia Minor, the most western portion of the 
great country of Asia, bounded N. by the Biack 



ASP 

€ca; t.hf the Enphntei; W.bjthe Maditer- 
nxMD, the tea of Marmora, and the itraita cf the 
HcUeapoBt and Boephoros. The whole oountry 
tt under flie Tcirkiih ifOTenimeiit, and it is divided 
ado several provinoes, of which NatoliaandCar* 
asHnia are Uie most important. 

Aiia^j one of the? Venetian commones in Up- 
ptf Haly, whieh belonri to Austria* The town 
of Asiago is the seat or jastioe for all the oom- 
munei; hat a castloi and 11,000 inhabitants. 90 
m.N.Vieenza. 
Atiakmd^ t Kafdirtan, 25 m. N. N. W. Van. 
jf itone, t. Italy, in VenseUi, 4 m. 8. Veroelli. 
Aiiaik Ithndt, a name applied to those Islands 
vhich lie betweoi New-Holland and New Gain- 
es on the S.E. and Asia on the N. W. via: Isles 
of Sands, Borneo, the Philippine islands, Celebes 
and the Spies islaiMis. 

AiikalOy t Ea. Russia, in Finland, 33 m. E.N. 
E. TsTasthuns. 

Asmam, isL oflT tiie N. W. point of Saidinia. 
Loo. 8" 2r £. Lai. 4V* 5' N. Pop. 3,d0a 

AtmmrOf Caae^ the N. W. point of Sardinia. 
LoB.rS3rE.LaU41*6'N. 

^ftnettswr. Naples, rans into the Adriatie. Lon. 
14'arE. Lat.4r]0N. 

AJaujf, t. Abascia, at the month of a river near 
thsBlsfikaea,100m.N.N.W.Anakopia. Lon. 
3T'40rE.LaL44-6'N. 
AtkektL SeeAaeabm, 

Atktme^ hamlet, To^. in Yorkshire. It has a 
niaenl wdL 7 m. fr. Pontefract, 196 fr. Lon- 
don. 

Atkeriwndj t Sweden, in Nerfte, at the N. end 
of late Wetter. Here are fobricated great quan- 
tities of nails. Lon.l4*36'E. LatSO'SS'N. 

A^kertmi, t. Eng. Cumberland oo. 8 m. fr. Car- 
lide, aiSfr. London. 

4dbe, isL in the North sea, near the coast of 
Nomay. Ut OO^ST N. 

Aikfe^ isL Denmark, near the north coast of 
Zesland. Lon. 11*31' E. Lat54'>54'N. 
w^jMb, t. Sweden, in Nyland, 10 m. N. Boigo. 
Atkrigg, t. Eng. in Yorkshire, 6 m. Ir. York. 
AJa^ t Ene. in Yoricshire, 4 m. fr. Otley. 
AriaUf V. Sikem, in the circle of Louenburg- 
Bomlaii. 

^ftinf , t. Austria, in Upper Camiola, circle of 
UybschiOQtfaeSave, 16 m. S. S. W. Clagenfurt. 
i^iismie,tFianee,inDeux-Sevres. Pop.S,00a 
91esguesW.Poitier». 

Amo9g, t Switzerland, canton of the Grisons, 
oa the Rhiae, opposite the pass of Luciensteig. 
Ama. See Etna. 
Ama. SeeHbusso. 

AmabtO^L Hind, in Dowlatabad, 4. m. N. E. 
Dsrore. 

Am^ t. Hind, inOrissa, 40 m. N. W. Hor- 
rispaur. 

^jota, t Austrian Italy, on the Chiese. Pop. 
4,000. 9Dai.&S.E. Brescia. 

•4Mis,t Austrian Italy, in Treviso. Pqp. 3,650. 
15 Bi.N.W.Treviso, 45 N.E. Verona. Lon. ir 
SSIL Lst45«fiaN. 

^t«siM,r. Raly,in the Marcad'Aneona, runs into 
the AAiatie, 10 m.S. E. Fermo. 
^Mp^ 9eeAwoph. 

^^p«^g, t Lower Austria, in the eirde below 
Oie Ibrert of Vienna, on the Tkasenbadi, 17 m. S. 
Ebeiifiiith. 

Aiptu, t Sweden, in Jamtland, 100 m. N. W. 
Bundfwia. LfliLWlfE. Lat6yaO'N. 



ASS 



61 



dlqM, t Spain, in Valencia, on the Ekla, \fim. 
W. Alicant. Pop. 5,000. 

Atpectt t France, on the Garonne. Pop. 3|290. 
19 leagues S. W. Toulouse. 

.^fperen,t. Netherlands, on theLinge, 15 m. 8. 
Utrecht, 22 E. Rotterdam. Pop. 737. 

Aiptrg^ t. Wirtemberg, district of the Enz, near 
Stutgard. It is at the head of a bailiwick. Pop. 
in 1806, 1,883. See Hokmtperg. 

A^^enit t. castle, and lordship, of Lower Au»> 
tria, m the circle below the Mannhartsberg, 10 
UL S. E. Laab. 

Amtrn^ t. Austria, on an arm of the Danube, 
the N. side of the river, below Vienna; the scene 
of a battle, 2l8tand23d May 1809, between Bo- 
naparte and the Austrians. 

AtpejfHoj t Spain, in Gttipusooa, on the Viola, 
15 m. S. St Sebastian. 

Ai/nda^ r. Italy, in the Eoolesiastical stale, Mar- 
ca d'Anoona, runs into the gulf of Venice near 
Loretto. 

wf jptrem, V. Framse, inHerault, 7) leagues W. 
Montpelier. 

Amit^ s-p. Tripoli, in Africa. Lon. 15"* 50^ £. 
Lat31*16'N. 

Atplejh ▼• ^Bb^* Bedford oo. 2 m. N. Wobum, 
43 fr. London. 

Aipoey Russian isl. in the gulf of Bothnia. 
Lon.ST'lO^E. Ut.60^aO'N. 

AtpnL, t lialjy in the States of the Chureh, 
provmoe of Sabma. 

Amremoni^ t Piedmont Pop. 1,300. 2 leagues 

Atgntnumi^ v. Franoe, in Maese, 4} m. S. E. St. 
Michael, 8 E. N. E. Bar-sur-Omain. 

Aspret'Ut'f^eyruM, t France, Upper Alps, 8) 
leagues N. Serres. 6 W. Gap. Pop. 900. 

Aapro, or Atpro-Potmio^ the ancient Aandeut^ 
r. Greece, runs into the Ionian sea, 28 m. W. 
Lepanto. 

^jpfontfi, the ancient Theragia^ isl. in ths 
Greek Archipelago, near the W. coast of Santo- 
rini. Lon.25"23'E. Lat 36^30^ N. 

.^iprosptlt, harbor, En. Turkey, in Livonia, on 
the N. side of the g^lph of Lepanto, 10 m. S. S. 
W. Livadia. 

AtpuUy t Eng. Lancashire, 3 m. fr. Wigan: 
Pop. 1,650. 

Aita^ Ionian Islands, t. Cephalonia, 16 m. N. N. 
W. Cephalonia, with a fort 

Attab^ isl. on the coast of Abyssinia. Lat 12" 
SO'N. 

Astam. See Atom. 

AttoHj t on the N. W. coast of Sumatra. Lon. 
99»6rE. Laty5'N. 

AitarHi t Eu. Turkey, in Romania, 44 m. E. S. 
E. Filippopoli. 

Aaej r. m the county of Mark, in Westphalia^ 
runs into the Lippe. 

Aueeoomah^ district of Fantee, on the Gold 
coast of Africa. 

AuuM RoM^ cape, near the coast of Abyssinia. 
Lon.3n8'E. Lat. 18» 14' N. 

Aiadhg^ t Eng. Yorkshire, 2 m. fr . Howden. 

Atttlheim^y. Bavarian, province of the Rhine, 
near Spires. 

..Ossein, v. Prussian county of Mark, bailiwidc 
of Unna, 9 m.8. E. Padarbom. 

AneuL SeelrfMMm. 

Auoiu See j^fwra. 

^sten, t Netherlands, in Overysselt wfa^re the 
provindal states were wont to assemUei on the 



63 



AST 



Hoorendirp. Tht canal ba t wecu it and the Zay- 
der-Zee, ia about 30 miles in leii^. 11 m. S. 
Groningen. 

Aamedej t. NetherlandB, 1 m. S. W. 8aa van 
Ghent. Pop. 3,120. 

Attaiheim^ t HeMe, at the conflux of tbe Nid* 
da and Wetter. It is in the poneaion of the 
Count of Solms-Roedelheim. 11 m. N. E. Frank- 
fort on the Maine. Lon.8°48'E. ULQ(fWN. 

Aumh bailiwick and s-p. on the W. coast of 
the Danish island of Fnnen in the Little Belt, op- 
posite Holstein. 

AtaaUe. See AdutnitM. 

Amu§ Ean^ isl. in the Chineee sea. Lon. 114^ 
TE. Ut.«l*66'N. 

Atnngoon* See Athu8H» 

A$rimbom^ r. N. America, which flows S. E. 
and joins Red river at Lord Selkirk's setdement 
inkt40"4aN.lon.98' W. aboat 70 miles from 
Like Winnipec It is onobstracted bjf fidb and is 
navigated in canoes to its source. It is sometimes 
called Upjper Red river. 

Attmi Poinij or Row Stair, cape, Scotland, on 
the W. coast of Sutherland ca Lon. 5" ir W. 
Lat58*13'N. 

Amn, t. Italy, in the pope*s dominions, dntchy 
of Spoleto, 20 m. N. N. W. Spoleto. 

AttOjT, Austrian Italy, near the source of the 
Lambro. 

PAatampHon Rivera Lower Canada, mm south 
into the St. Lawrence, 15 miles below MontreaL 

rAoiomptum^ v. on both sides of the above riv- 
«r, 10 miles above its mouth. 

.^tfOfi, t France, in Lower Pyrenees, with ex- 
tensive iron- works. Pep. 2^490. 4 leagues S. £• 
F^u. 

Aumeij p-v. Bristol co. Mass. 42 m. S. Boston. 

.^MMinc,t France, in Denx-Sevres, 6} leagues 
N. N. E. Niort. Pop. 2,000. 

Ai$os, now Bryram^ s-p. A. Turkey, in Natolia, 
on the gulf of Adnmitti, 32 m. W Adramitti. 

Auumptimiy or .^ssofi^ron^, one of the Marianne 
or Ladrone islands. It is conical, rising 600 feet, 
covered with lava from the eruptions of a volcano 
in the centre. 16 m. S. Mang or St Lawrence, 
Lon. 140* 55' E. Lat. lO*" 46' N. 

AuumpHwn^ parish, Louisiana. Pop. 3,576; 
slaves, 1,149 ; engaged in agriculture, lv491, in 
commerce 39. 

AitumpHim, p-t Lafourcha oo. Louisiana, 91 
m. from New Orleans. Pop. 2^172. 

Auumptwt^r Atnanpeion^ cap. of Paraguay ,ott 
the E. bank of the Paraguay, 18 miles above the 
junction ef the Pileamayo. It experts hides, to- 
bacco, and sonr. From Buenos Ayras laign 
beats aniva at tiie eity of Aasnnqvtion, aAsr two 
or three months passage. Lon. 69^ 36' W. LaL 

ar4ra 

AtM^ t France, in the Oise, 3^ leagues 9. Cies- 
py, 17 8. E. Beasvaii. 

At^n-KaUii,y, Asia Minor, in Carta, on tiba 
•iteortbeaneiaatJnsiw. Litti.29>3r E.Lnt.37* 
IITN. 

Ati^^hH, t Pensifli Afaaaia, en the Am, the 
MMieM Anses,90B. & E. Masehran. 

«^ift|ffbff, t France,on theGerB,6 I m g ues N. E. 



Pop. 



Atktfortt t FranMi,inLot and Gi 
4,140. 

jfitaro, t Persia, 70 m. N. 
hm. Ijan.4rE.LctS8"20rN. 

AHm, t Biad. in OMrl«tnhwl» SB 
Aunu^^idMd. 



AST 

AMen^ v. NeCheilands, in North Brabant Pep. 
3,290. 

AtUrabmd^ province, Penia, scmetimfis indnded 
in that of Maianderan, bounded W. by the Cas- 
pian sea, S. by mountains separating it from Dam- 
gan and Bbtan, E. by the 66" of E. ImL. and N. by 
the Ashor. It is the ancient Heremua, 

Aaiefnbad^ t Persia, cap. of the above, on the S. 
E. shore of the Caspian sea, at the month of the 
Aster, 300 a. N. N.E. Ispahan. Lon. 54* E. Lat 
30*44'N. Pop. 15^000. 
AHerjff r. Eng falls into the sea at Hasting!L 
Attemn^ or CorniiM ef AtH, district, Sardinia, 
bounded W. by Chien and CarmagnHa, K. by 
Veroellois, E. by Veroellob and Alexandrine, S. 
bf Goreegno. It is about 25 miles long and 10 
broad, and Ibrms part of the dominions of the 
house of Savoy. 

AtHtCKp. of Astesan, in Sardinia, on the high 
road from Alessandria to Turin, 20 UL W. Alaman- 
dria, 24 E. Turin. Pop. 22,000. 

Aitt^f t Eng. in Lancashire, 6 m. from Newton. 
Pop. 1,723. 

Atil^ Pointy the S. point at the entrance of 
Holkham bay, in Stephens' paasage, on the N. 
W. coast of America. Lon. 2Sr 35' E. Lat 57* 
89^ N. 

Aiton^ t Eng. in Cheshire, 3 m. fron North- 
witch. 

Aiianj t Bucldngfaam ca Lower Canada, 10 m. 
8. E. Three-Rivers. 
Ailvn^ t Delaware ca Pa. Pop. 758L 
AttonrUUkorp^ hamlet, Eng. in Berkshire, 4 vl 
frtMn WalUngfbid. 

i^ifMi Whmawn, t Ei^. in Staflfatdshire, 9 m, 
from Wolverhampton. 

AiloM, t Spam, on a river, 17 iMgpnc from 
Leon. It is the see of a bishop. Lon. 6* 25' W. 
Lat42'3rN. 

AHoria, settlement, Qr^n territory, at the 
mouth of Columbia river, estahlishud by the 
American Fur Company, k stands on the sC side 
of the river, 14 miles from the ocean. Lat 46* 
15' N. 
AtlrabaA, point, on theN. E.coast of the Cr 
AMiraean^ or Atirakhanj province of Ai 
Russia, bordering on the Volga, the Ural, and the 
Caspian sea. Sq. miles 69i,00a Pop. 383^00a 

Astraean^ cap. of the above province, on an 
idand in the Volga, about 52 miles from its mouth. 
It is three miles in circumference, of very irregu- 
lar figure, and surrounded by a waH. There i 
25 Russian churches and 2 conr 



: convents; 
Catholics; tiie 



100E.Ta- 
]^£. S.E. 



are 
likewise a 
church for 

also have a metropolitan churdL Peier the 
Great designed to make this place a great mart for 
the produce of the world, and its situation ie well 
calculated for such a design, beiw conneoCed by 
the Volga and a canal with the Baltic and north 
of Europe ; by the Caspian wkh Penia, awl the 
south of Asia, and being near the Black aea, 
thrombi wiiich is a communieation with Africa 
and thn south of Europe. The population eon* 
sists of a mixture of Russians, Anoeniana, Greeks, 
Tartan^ Pwiibhs, /ewi, iadians, Engl«h and 
French. The Taxtars and Aimanians ana mad to 
be the most numerous ; and the total population 
isestimatad at7O^00a Them are said to be 50 
aaanfoetariesof alk in the city, all in the hands 
of the Armenians ; CKtensive salt works are also 
carried on, and manufrehuea ef gumMMsder. 
Amongtfaa enpoKi may be ammMratedfish^ pig 



ATB 



ATH 



83 



mud bar iron, about 4M00 poondfl of esnchineal 



ual^t and some indigo ; woollen and bnen 
cloCbf, Rnaiia leatliar, brooadaiy taifetaa, 



and Sat^ga T^TeU. The impcvta are raw and 
ipon octtoo, and stuib of the aame material ; raw 
and maAnftctnred nlk, ahawla from Thibet and 
Caihmerey and tone fnrk There it a conaidera^ 
Me trade in jeweb ; oriental tuniiioisei are sold 
in great nomberbjT theAitracan merchants, and 
the Indiaw deal in mbies and emenlda. The 
rhief traffic with Perm is earned on by Armeni- 
ans. It has sotfered from conflagrations, owing to 
the combuatxble materials of which it is oompoMd ; 
bat of laie years an inereased degree of attention 
has been paid both to its safety and to its embel- 
UshmenL It is a station of the Scotch missionary 
society ; lor which its fkMition is remarkably well 
fitted, being firequcnted by merchants from every 
nation b e t w e e n the Indas and the Black sea : 1^ 
means of whom, copies of the Bible, books, and 
tracts are sent to Bagdad, Persia, Bucharia, and 
even to China. It contains prosperous schools, 
awl a printing press, fnm which were issaed in a 
single year, more than 15,000 copies of portions 
of&eBible. 390 m. a a E. Samtov, 1/MO 8. 8. 
fLPeterabniY. Lon.4r44' £.Lat 46"SVN. 

Awtnp^ T. Eng^. Northampton co. where is a me- 
dicinal spiinf^ 5 m. W. Brackley. 

Aitmwmt ▼•Ecclesiastical Stated in the profvinoe 
of Rome, with a harbour and strong castle. It is 
remukable as the place where Cicero lost his 
life. 

wfj/vrio, or jf sfuruu, a principality in the north 
of Spain, which forms an nneqoal parallelogram. 
Inclnding Montanaa, it is bounded N. by the bay 
of Bneay, E. by the province of Biscay, S. £. by 
Old Castile, 8. by Lison, and W. by Galicia. It 
is commonly dmded into Astoria d^Oviedo, and 
Asturia de SantiHana, so called from their chief 
towns : Astoria de Santillana is sometimes called 
Las Hoofcanas. The whole principality is colder 
than the rest of Spain, owing to its lofty and steep 
momiains. The hills are covered with excellent 
pastoree, aiKi a great variety of fruit trees. The 
most important occupation is the breeding of cat- 
tle, the hones being particularly noted for their 
strength* In the interior are found lead, copper, 
iron, magnesia, arsenic, cobalt, lapis lazuli, alum, 
rock-crystal, and different kinds of marble. A 
conssdetable trade is carried on in mules and salt- 
ed fish ; the principal seaport is Gijon. Square 
milea, 3,785. Pop.348,00a 

./ljiM]s,or.(4«fuan,tEg^t,ontheNile. Here 
are the ruins of the ancient Syene. Lat 24* 

JUghmHf p-v. Luzene co. Pa. on the Susqne- 
hannah, 176 m. above Harrisbuiig. Pop. 471. 

jfteftcgm, r. Guiana, falls into the Orinoco. 

wllaeama, province of Feru, bounded N. by Ar- 
ica, N. E. by Lipes, S. £. by SalU and Tucaman, 
S. by the desert which separates it from Chili, and 
W. by the ocean. 

Atmtammt chief t. of the above, about 100 miles 
fromdiecoast Urn. 69* 30^ W. Ut 28* 30r S. 

Akik^ de AiagmOOt t Portuguese Estrema- 
dnra, in Tbomar, IS m. N. W. Lisbon. Pop. 
IvIOQl 

Al9k^SorUlha,t Pfntogal, In Bebra, 13 m. N. 
E. Castel Branco. 

Ata/nierOj t. Spain, in Old Castile, near Burgos. 

AAantf a pass over the moontun Atbara, in 
GeciOia, Abyssinia. 



Albat^tL chain of mountains on the coafioes of 
Yakutsk in Siberia. 

Aukafakafay an outlet of Mississippi river, which 
leaves me main stream 2 miles below the mouth 
of Red river, and running south, nearly 200 miles^ 
empties into Atchafelaya Day. 

Atckekattk^ t A. Turkey, on the Jlack sea, 15 
m. S. W. Trebisond. 

Aidnnik^ t Russia, in Tobolsk, on the Tchulim, 
546 m.& 8. E. Tobolsk. Lon. 89' 36^ E. Lat SO^" 
20' N. 

Ateirakaif t Russia, in Tobolsk, on the Irtisch. 
28 m. S. E. Omsk. 

Aleila, L. Naples, in BaiilicaU, 37 m. W. Ma- 
tera. 

Atauu, t Naplei, in prioeipato Citra, 10 jn» W. 
Marsico Nuovo. Pop. 1,954. 

Ayidij t Egypt, on a oioal of the Nile, 35 m. S. 
Cairo. LQn.31''rE.Ut29'l8'N. 

Ath^ or AeUi^ t NetKeriands, in Hainault, on 
the Dender, noted for iti manufectures of linen* 
It has also bleachfields sod iron works, and a con- 
siderable trade. 18 m.N. W. Mens, 25 8. W. 
Brussels. Pop. 7,650. 

AthaMi^ or AgattML, t Ea. Tnrkej, on the 
Black sea, in Romania, 68 m. N. E. Adnanople. 

A^apeaemg, or Lake cftlu Hilla, lake, N. Amer- 
ica. It receives the river Athapescow. and dis- 
charges its waters throigh Slave river mto Slave 
lake. At the S. W. end stsnds Fort Chippewyan 
in Ion. lir W. Lat dT^r N. 

AMoy,i. Ireland, in Mesth, 29 m. N. W. Dub- 
lin. 

Aikee^ t France, in Maysnne, on the Oudon, S 
leagues 8. S. W. Lava. 

.tftAet, t France, in Indre^nd-Loire, on the left 
bank of the Cher, 3 lea^ S. W. Amboise. 

Athehuy^ islet Eng. n Somersetshire, at the 
Junction of the Thone and Psrlet, a few miles be- 
low Taunton. 

AtfuUtaneford^ v. Scotland, Haddington co. 17 
m. Jl^ Edinburgh. 

Atkauihf t Turkish Armenia, on the Black sea, 
7 m. W. Trebisond. 

Alhennf^ v. and bor. Irelsod, in Gahray co. 10 
m. E. Galway. 

Aihentj (now called Seftnei,) anciently the capi- 
tal of Attica, and the birth place of the most 
distin^idied orators, philosophers, and generals 
of antiquity, is now an msivnificant town in the 
Turkish province of Livtdis. It stands on the 
rivulets of Dissus and Cephissus, a few miles from 
the western shore of Attica, 100 m. N. E. Misitra 
(Sparta,) and above 300 8. W. Constantinople. 
There are still, in the public edifices of this city, 
ample testimony of its former grandeur. The 
relics of art seem here indeed to have been watch- 
ed over by a particular providence ; for while the 
ruins of Oelirfios, Delos, Olympia, Argos, SpKsrta^ 
and Corinth disappoint the traveller by their in- 
significance, those of Athens remain, for the most 
part, in a state little inferior to their original 
splendour. The hard and stony soil on irhicfa the 
principal part of the city was built, has prevented 
any considerable sinking o^ the temples and other 
great monuments in a lapse of more than 200O 
yean. Add to this that a dry atmosphere has 
protected the stone from corrosion, and preserved 
to the work of tiie architect and statuary all their 
original gloss and polish. The modem town is a 
small open place, with narrow and crooked streets. 
The houses are mostly mean and straggling. The 



64 



A T H 



populaUon n from 85OOO to 10^000, of whom one 
fourth are Turki, and the remainder Greeks. Lon« 

AOitaay p-t. Somerset co. Maine, 22 m. N. £• 
Norrid^woek, 50 N. HaUowell. Pop. 59a 

AthtM, t. Windham co. Vt 26 m« S. £. Wind- 
sor. Pop. ii4 1810, 47& 

Athens^ p-t Greene co. N. T. on the Hudson, 
opposite Hudson citj, 28 m. below Albany. Pop. 
2,030. 

AthofiMy p-t Bradford co. Pa. on the Susquehan- 
nah, at the jwtetion tf the Tiosa, 4 m. S. of the 
New-Tork line, 90 ibove Wukesbarre. Pop. 
1,108. 

Athent, p-t Cltrke co. Geo. on the main road 
from Aug;usta to NashirUle in Tennessee, 94 miles 
from the former, and about 300 from the latter. 
It contains about 45 fiunilies, beside many respec- 
table visitants who resort here to spnend the sultry 
months. The university of Georg;ia, establisbcid 
in 1801, is located here, it is under the direction 
of 17 trustees, and its olicers are a president, 
professor of mathematics and astronomy, professor 
of ohemistry and natural philosophy, professor of 
languages, and three tutoB. The buildings are a 
large three story brick edifice, 120 feet long and 
45 wide, containing 24 rooms for students ; a large 
steward's hall ; a chapel 55 by 44 feet ; and a two- 
story brick building csntidning the chemical lab- 
latory, the library of bstween 1 ,000 and 2,000 vol- 
umes, and the philosophieal apparatus. In 1821, 
the Legislature of Geor^a granted |25,000, for 
the erection of an additional edifice, which is al- 
ready began, and is to be four stories hijg;h, 120 
feet by forty-five. The fonds of the University 
consist of 1100,000 in the Bank of the State, seve- 
ral tracts of land yet unsold, beside the monies ari- 
sing from tuition, and sre estimated in the whole 
tobe productive of |11,000 per annum. The 
number of students in 1822, was 119. There is 
also an Academy under the superintendance of the 
trustees and president of the University. The in- 
structors of the academy are paid out of the funds 
of the University, and the pupils receive their tu- 
ition gratis. 

Atheru^ p-t. Limestone 00. Alabama. 

Aiheni^ co. Ohio, on the Hockhocking, at its 
iunction with the Obio river. Chief t Athens. 
Pop. 6,3^; engaged m agriculture 1,368, in 
commerce 5, in manufactures 120. 
. AihenBy p-t. and cap. Athens co. Ohio, on the 
east bank of the Hockhocking, 37 miles above its 
confluence with the Obio, 40 W. Marietta, 52 £. 
ChiUicothe. The Ohio University is established 
here. It is endowed with two townships, or 46,000 
acres of land, and has an annual income of |2,300. 
It is just commencing its operations, and in 1818, a 
lar||e and convenient edifice of brick was erected 
for its accommodation. Pop. 1,094. 

Aikau^ p-v. St. Clair co. Illinois. 

Athtrfield Point, on the S. coast of the Isle of 
Wight Lon.riyW. Lat.50»36'N. 

Aihentone, t £ng. Warwickshire, 13 m. from 
Coventry. 

AtherMone vpon Siour, v. Eng. in Warwick- 
shire, 3 m. S. Stratford on Avon. 

Atherton^ or C/unobenU t Eng. in Lancashire, 7 
m. S. W. Boston. Pop. \794. 

Athie, or Athiet, v. France, in Somme, on the 
Amignon, 11 leagues £. Amiens. 

ASiis^ t Normandy, in Ome,6 leagues N. Dom- 
fitmt Pop. 3460. 



AT O 

Aihkne^ t Ireland, Weitmeath co. oa the ^kaa- 
non, 55 m. W. Dublin. 

AUud, a mountainous district of Scotland, in the 
northern part of Perthshire, about 45 miles long 
by 40 broad. 

AUufl, p-t Worcester co. Mass. 71 m. N. W. 
Boston, 33 N. W. Worcester. Pop. 1,21 L 

Atkol, t Warren co. N. Y. 65 m. N. Albany. 
Pop. 57a 

Aihot, Mount, now called Monte Som/o, a l<^y 
mountain in Macedonia, on a peninjiula formed by 
the gulls of Contessa and Monte Santo^ W. of the 
island of Lemnos. It is protected by fortificalioos 
from the incursions ol the corsairs, and inhabited 
by about 6000 monks, who are chiefly supported 
by the voluntary contributions of the Greek 
Christians in Russia, Walachia, Moldavish and 
other countries. Lon. 24° 30^ E. Lat 4V 8' N. 

AUiff, t Ireland, Kildare co. intersected by the 
Barrow, which is navigable here ; and the navi- 
gation is extended by a canal to Dublin. 3S m. 
S.W.Dublin. 

Atiatii, isl. off the coast of Brazil. Lon. 50^ 
36'W.LatO»5'S. 

Atienea, t. Spain, in Soria, 20 m. N. Sigaenca. 
Pop. 1,95a 

Atiggio, t in Italy, 12 m. S. Camerina. 

Alina, t. Naples, in Terra di Lavoro, 10 m. N. 
Aquino. Pop. 3,777. 

AtipaUi, t Hind, in Mysore, 8 m. N. W. Ons- 
soor. 

Alkartkj t Russia, 52 m. from Saratov. Pop. 
1,31& 

AUdntan, t Penobscot co. Maine. Pop. 245. 

Alkinton, p-t Rockin^^iam co. N. H. 24 m. S.W. 
Portsmouth. Pop. 563. Here is an academy. 

Atkinton, Point, on the N. W. coast of America, 
in the gulf of Georgia. Lon. 237<> 5' £. I«at49* 
21' N. 

Athuri, t Turkish Armenia, 21 m. £. Aghal- 
zighe. 

Atlantic Ocean, lies between Europe and Afri- 
ca, on the £. and America on the W. It ia ^000 
miles wide. 

AtUu, chain of mountaitts, stretching through 
Barbery, and dividing its cultivated territory frtnn 
the vast desert of sand which fills the greater part 
of central add northern Africa. The part of this 
chain aloi^ the eastern boundary of the empire of 
Morocco, is by far the loftiest According to re- 
peated observations, it rises to upwards of 13^000 
feet; and its summits, even in this tropical re- 
gion, are covered with perpetual snow. As the 
chain altera its direction, and stretches through 
eastern Barbery, it diminishes considerably m 
height, and spreads into various branches. 

Atliin, t Siberia, in Tobolsk, on the Ob. Lon. 
6ri4'E. Lat62»5'N. 

AUiteo, t Mexico, in Pucbla, 20 m. S. W. La 
Puebla de los Angelos. 

AnloUmueo, t Mexico, in New Biscay, 140 m. 
N. W. Durango. 

Alooi, or Atowegf, one of the laiger Sandwich 
islands, N. W. of Owhyhee, in the Pacific ocean, 
about 30 miles in lenrth. It has a good roadstead 
on the S. W. side, called Wymoa. Pop. estimated 
at 54^000. From the frequent visits of Britisb 
navigators, some of the natives can now converse 
in English, and several Europeans reside among 
them. Two of the missionaries to the Sandwich 
islands are stationed at this place. Lon. 159* 40' 
W. Lat2r5rN. 



A V A 

Atwguitt, t Portugal, oa the coast of Estrema- 
doTB, 3 zo. E Penicbe. Pop. 1,900. 

jUayafuiy r. .Mezieo, falls into the Pacific, in 
IS" X laL On it is the natural bridge Ponii 
dt Dto, orer wfaidi eoaches and calriages conven- 
ieatlTpass, 100 m. S. E. Mexico. 

AtfttlOf r. Darien, rises in the mountains of Cho- 
eo^and numinff from S. to N. more than 96 leag^ues, 
fails into the eulf of Darien in LoxLlTff W. Lat 

Alrif or Atria^ t Naples, in Abroizo Citra, 9B 
m. N. E. Aquila. 

.itsioHn ▼. Gloucester co. N. J. (SO m. S. £. Phila- 
del^ihia. 

AUatmr,i.Hind. in the Camatic, 30 m. N. N. 
W. Vettore. 

Atida^Mt 00. Looisiana, on the g^ulf of Meidco, 
Yi. of the AtdnJUaya. Chief t Franklin. Pop. 
1-2^; slaves, 5,707; engaged in agricultura, 
1,643; in commerce, 107; in manufactures, 107. 

AlUkapat, p-t Attakapas district, Louisiana. 

AilttOan, t A- Turkey, in Natolia, 44 m. N. W. 
£re^ 

wfUoMofa, t Hind. 67 m. N. W. Cape Gomorin. 

Atimfanrty y. France, on the Blaise, in Upper 
Mime, 1! leafues S. £. Chalons-sur-Mame. 

AUariJfi y. Upper Egypt, 3D m. S. Qirge. 

Attdkny or AidUuri^ r. Sicily, runs into the 
Meditemoean, between Symcuse and Cape Pas* 

AUadam^ t Prussian We8^l^aia, 45 m. E. N. 
£. Cologne. Pop. 1,198. 

.4/iaiAMe, t Netherlands, 3 BL N. £. Landen. 

AttarHJh^ ^^' Torksh^ Urn. S. E. Shef- 
6eM.Pop.2^87a 

Atkrw^ lake, Aurtria, circle of Hausmck. 

AUtnf^ r. Eng. runs into the Tamar near Laun- 
eestoo. 

AitkOy^ Genesee co. N. T. 12 m. S. Batavia. 
Fop. 1^19. 

AtHAjf^ t France, on the Aisne, in Oise, 4 
ktriesN.N.W.Soiaaons. 

Aaipoh ^ France, in Ardennes, on the Aisne, 
lllea^N.E.Rheiiiis. 

A9Ji£bom^hy t Eng^. Norfolk co. Pop. Mia 
Itm. from'nietford and Norwich. 

AutekQfough, p-t. Bristol co. Mass. S9 m. S. W. 
Bo3too,9N. ProTidenoe. Pop. 3,055. 

Aukbonugh, p-t Bucks oa Pa. 20 m. N. E. Phil- 
Kfelphia. 

Aukbwy, p-T. Datcfaess co. N. T. 63 m. S. Al- 
bany. 

Ahetk^orAtiMkBenar^ t. and fort on the E. 
bukof the Indus, in Ion. 7l" 15' E. Ut. 33" 6' N. 

Atued, t Swedon, in East Gothland, 18 m. S. E. 
Lidkopmg. 

Atwa, FaOt tf, in the Orinoco, about 100 miles 
from its mouth. 

•^tvtfer, t Portage CO. Ohio, on Cuyahoga riv- 
er, 15 m. W. Ravenna. Pop. 320. 

Atwood't Xqpf, islands among the Bahamas. 
Lon.7y40'W: Lat23'8'N. 

'^hfbodi^ y. Gennany, in Nassaii-Weilburg, be- 
tveen Giessen and Wetzlar. Pop. 5,000 

•^u, t Bavaria, in Is;er, 12 m. N. VV. Mosbunr. 
Fop. 4,974. 

^M, or AiAaeh^ r. Bavaria, rises near Ober- 
Momidian, and running throiigh ThumaU| joins 
t^ Miioe 4 miles below. 

^SB. See Birman Empire, 

AvoyOt AwtgwOf the ancient capital d the Bir- 
nacmpire. itisnowdesertMl, the0eatafgoT- 
9 



A UB 



65/ 



fimment having been transfierred to Umrapora, 4 
miles distant Lat «!• 51' N. Lon. 95* SfiT E. 

Aval. See Bahhrein JtlaruU, 

Avahn, peninsula, the S. E. comer of New- 
foundland, joined to the island by a neck of land 
between Placencia and Trinity bays. 

Avalon^ t France, in Yonne, on the Cousin. 
Pop. 4,200; 20 leagues W. Dijon. 

Avatff^ t France, in Loir-and-Cher, 12 m. N. 
E. Blois. 

Avatkha^ boy^ on the E. coast of Kamtacttatka, 
into which the Avatschka and Paratounka or II- 
mitsch empty. It is about 25 miles in circumfei- 
ence, its entrance is 4 miles loi^, and 2 or 3 wide. 
Lon. 158" 49' E. Lat 52" 51' N. 

Avauxj t France, in Ardennes, on the Aisne, 
near Rheims. Pop. l,50a 

Auby or Auw^ t Bavaria, on the GoUaiSh, 17 nu 
S. Wnrteburg. 

Aubagne^ t France, in Mouths-of-the-Rhone. 
Pop. 6,600. 17 leagues N. W. Aiz. 

AubaiM^ t France, in Gard, 10 m. S. W. 
Nismes. 

Aub^ r. France, rises in the department of Up- 
per Mame, and falls into the Seine, a few miles 
above Nogent-sur-Seine. 

Aubtj a department of France, bounded N. by 
Mame, E. by Upper Marae, S. E. by Cote d'Or, 
a W. by Tonne, and N. W. by Seine and Mame. 
Sq.m. 2,464. Pop. in 1815, 223^19. The capital 
is Troyes. 

.^i«6e2, v. Netherlands, in Limburg, nearDar- 
theim. Pop. above 3,000. 

Auhmas^ t France, on the Ardeche, 5 leagues 
S. W. Privas. Pop. 3,315. 

Aubenlon, t France, on the Anbe, in Aisne, 6 
leagnet 8. W. Rocroy. Pop. 1,100. 

Aubet-gy t. Upper Austria, on the Danube, oppo- 
site Lintz. 

Aubenve^ t France, in Mame, 6^ leagues £. 
Rheims. 

AuberivA, v. France, in Isere, 17 leagues W. 
Grenoble ; another in Upper Mame, 8 leagues S. 
Chaumont 

Auberi OaUion, seigniory, Buckingham and 
Dorchester cos. Lower Canada, on the Chaudiere, 
55 m. S. E. Quebec. 

Aubderrej t. France, on the Drone, in Charente, 
9 leagues S. Angouleme. 

Aubetie^ r. France, joins the Seine near Rouen. 

Aubtertjt, France, in Deuz-Sevres, 16 leagues 
N.Niort Pop. 2400. 

Aubignanf t France, 5} leagues N. E. Avignon. 
Pop. i;J20. 

AitbigfUy t. France, 5 leagues from La Fleche. 

Aubigny^ or AvignUj^L France, in Cher, on the 
Nesse, 14 leagues S. £. Orleans. Pop. 2,550. 

Auingny^ t. France, in Pas de Calais, 21 leagues 
W. Arras ; another in Loire and Cher, 7 leagues 
S. Orleans. 

Avbin^ t Switzerland, 8 m. S. S. W. Neuf- 
chateL 

Aubarme^ t Switzerland, inVaud, 11 m. W. S. 
W. Lausanne. Pop. 1,600. 

AvburtL See Alboume. 

Aubwn,p-r, and cap. Ca3ruga co. N. T. in the 
township of Anrelius,at the outlet of Owaseo lake, 
170 m. w. Albany, on the great western turn- 
pike. This village has increased with peat ra* 
pidity. In 1810, it contained only about 100 
houses ; in 1820 the population was 2,233. Amoi^ 
Uie public buildings tp a court-hoiue, a jail, a 



66 



AVE 



market-house, a state-prison, lai«;e enou|;h to con- 
tain 1,000 convicts ; a Hieolof^^ Seminanr, and 
3 churches, 1 each for Methodists, Presb^rians 
and Episcopalians. It contains also numerous 
manufactures. The Presbyterian Theological 
Seminary is under the care of the Synod of Gene- 
va. It has 3 professors, 1 of Biblical Criticism and 
Oriental Literature, 1 of Ecclesiastical History 
and Church Government, and 1 of Sacred Rheto- 
ric The institution commenced in 1819. The 
number of students in 1821 was 13. 

w9tifrtim, t. Susquehannah oo. Pa. Pop. 218. 

%^ubum, t Geauga oo. Ohio. Pop. 215. ' 

t^uburrif t. Richmond co. Ohio. 

AtAuuonf t France, on the left bank of the 
Creuse, 16 leagues S. E. Limo^. Pop. 3,620. 

.^ue^,or Auteky t. France, m Gers. Here are 
manufactures of serge and <^ the coarse woollens 
cklled hanU; also tanneries. Pop^ 8,800. 16 
leagues W. Toulouse. 

Auehterarder^ t Scotland, in Perthshire. Pop. of 
the parish, 2,508. 15m.S. S. W.Perth. 

AudOormu/OUjf^ t Scotland, in Fifesfaire. Pop. 
2»403. 9 BL W. Cupar. 

Auchy^ t. France, on the Authie, in Pas de Ca- 
lais, 8 leagues S. E. Montreuil. Pop. 2,000. 

AudaiSlj Buhopiy t Eng. Durham co. Pop. 
1,807. 12 BLS.S.W. Durham. 

Aueklandy t Buckingham co. Lower Canada, 85 
m. S. E. Three-Rivers. 

Auekkmd, IVeiU t. Eng. Durham co. 

Aude^ r. France, rises in the eastern Pyrenees, 
and empties N. E. of Narbonne, into lake Vendres, 
which communicates with the Mediterranean. 

Aude^ a department of France, bounded N. E. 
by Herault, N. by Tarn, E. by the Mediterranean, 
S. by eastern Pyrenees, and W. by Arriege. Pop. 
240,993. Thecapital is Carcassonne. 

Audent, isl. in the North sea, 30 miles long and 
10 broad, 40 m. from Norway. LaL 60" 12^ N. 

Audengtj t France, 7 leagues W. S. W. Bour- 
deauz. 

Audiemty t France, in Finisterre, 7 leagues W. 
Quimper. 

Audineourty y. France, on the Doubs, 4 m. £. 
S. E. Montbelliard. 

Audrioi, or Andriei^ t. France, in Calvados, 3 
leagues W. Caen. 

Audruitk, t. France, 4 leagues S. E. Calais. 
Pop. 2,032. 

Audun-le-Roman^ v. Frsnoe, in Moselle, 4 
leagues S. E. Longwy. 

Aue^ t Saxony, in Schwartzenbui^, on the Mul- 
da, lOm. S. E. Zwickau. 

Aue, r. Hanover, joins the Gosche near Ilien- 
worth, to form Modem river ; another in Holstein, 
runs into the Elbe. It is navigable to Elmshom ; 
another falls into the Weser ; another falls into 
the Seine, near Blnmenau. 

Ave, r. Portugal, falls into the Atlantic, N. 
Oporto. 

Avebury. See Ahury, 

Avegoty t Portugal, in Beira, 16 m. S. W. La- 
meeo. 

Aveirtu de Baixas^ t Portuguese Estremadura, 
15 m. S. W. Santarem. 

AtetroM de Ciofui, t Portuguese Estremadura, 
12 m. S. W. Santarem. 

Aveiroy t Portugal, in Beira. Pop. 7jD0a 33 m. 
S. Oporto. 

^eeMoiht Netherlands, near Courtrai. Pop. 
3,350. 



AUG 

Aceila^ t Naples, in Terra di Lavora, 15 m. E. 
Naples. 

Avetlitufy t Naples, in Principato Ultra, 25 m. - 
E. Naples. It is the see of a bishop. Pop. 9,000. 

Attn^ r. France, falls into the sea, S. E. Brest 

Avenay, t France, in Mame, 15 m. W. N. AV. 
Chalons-sur-Mame. 

Avenehet^ or fFf^u, t Switaserland, 18 m. S. W. 
Berne. 

Auer^ r. Lithuania, runs into the Aregel, 12 m. 
W. Insterbuig. 

Auerbaeh^ t in the Saxon part of Vogtland, 60 
m. W . S. W. Dresdfen. Pop. 2,000. 

Avemakoe, isL Denmark, near the S. coast of 
Fyen. Lon. 10" 18* E. Lat. 55'* ^ N. 

Avemoy Logo tf*, a lake near Pozzuolo, in Tern 
di Lavora, Naples. 

.^fenm, isL in the North sea, near Norway. Lat. 

eye-N. 

Avenoy i, Naples, in Terra di Lavora, the an- 
cient AUlla. It is the seatof a bishop, of a royal 
governor, and a judge. Pop. 13,800. 8 m. N. Na- 
ples. 

Auersiadty v. Thuringia, 22 m. N. £. Erfurt, en 
the road to Leipcis;. 

AveriOf isl. in the gulf of Venice, near Friuli. 
Lat.45^46'N. 

Avery^ t. Huron co. Ohio. In this township is 
the town of Huron. 

.^tvry'iioroy'p-t. Cumberland co. N. C. on Cape 
Fear nver,25 m. above Fayetteville. 

Aw$y isl. 16 leagues from the coast of Veneaue- 
la. Lon. 16» W. Lat. ir 66' N. 

.^M«,or Bird* t Island. West Indies. Lat 15''30' 
N. Lon. 63" 16' W. 

y9Msa,r. Italy, runs into the Adriatic, near Ri- 



Avemeiy t France, on the Hepres, 3 leagues 
from Maubeuge, in North. Pop. 2,700. 

Avtitadit Sweden, in Dalecarlia, near Fahlun, 
with a oopper refinei^, and forges for copper, inxi 
and nails. 

Awurdre^ t France, on the left bank of the Al- 
lier, 6 leagues S. S. W. Nevers. 

Ateyrtnt, r. France, runs into the Tarn, 8 milc< 
above Montauban. It is navigable to Negrepe- 
lisse. 

Av^fron^ department of France, bounded N. by 
Cantal, N. E. by Lozere, E. by Gard, S. £. by 
Herault, S. W. by Tarn, and W. by Lot. Sq. 
miles, 3,674. Pop. 318^7. 

AveBtanoy t. Naples, in Abruzzo Ultra. Pop. 
2,700. 6 m. S. W. Celano, 18 S. Aquila. 

wfttge, r. France, runs into the Aube, near An- 
glure. 

Augila, district and t of Africa, on the route 
between Siwah and Fezzan, nominally subject to 
Tripoli. 

Au^iMtt r. Ohio, runs N. into the Maomee, at 
Fort Defiance. 

Auglaiscy t Wood co. Ohio. Pop. 216. 

Auf^tburg^ city in Bavaria, (formeriy free and 
imperial,) at the conflux of the Lech and Wertacfa. 
40 m. N. W. Munich. There are here manufac- 
tures in silver, fine cotton, wire, and tobacco. 
The engraving on copper aiTords support to many. 
Another important branch of traflSc is bookselling 
and publishing, especially in Catholic literature. 
The celebrated Augsburg confession of faith was 
here presented by Luther and Melancthon, in 1530, 
to the emperor Charles V. and the princes of the 
empire. Lon. lO'SS'E. Lat 48'ITN. Pop.30/)00.. 



AVI 

^mlhwg^ a secularised bishopric of Germany, 
now wmiog part of Bavaria. It took its name 
frooi the ci^ of Augsburg;. 

«fi^, or Kauer^t^ugM^ r^ Switierland, in the 
Fridtfaal, canton of Aai^u ; another opposite to 
it, belonnng to the town of Bale, 6 m. E. Bale ; an- 
•ther in Zurich, district of Hoi^gen ; another in Zu- 
rich, diattrict of Knonau. 

«/fMgttfta,t GrenTilleeo, Up. Canada, on the 
8t. Lawrenoe. 

AH^uttOf p-l. and cap. Kennebec co. Syfaine, on 
both aides oi Kennebec river, 45 m. from its mouth, 
S N. of Hallowell* 56 N. £. Portland. Abridgeis 
thrown aeross the river connecting the two parts of 
the town. The houses are built partly on a beauti- 
ful plain,elevated 150 or SSO^set, and partly on the 
declivity descen d ing from the plain to the river. 
The public buildings are a courtiiouae and Jail, an 
academy and Ptesbyterian church. The river is 
nav^aUe to Augusta for vessels of 100 tons. Pop. 
in 1810, 1,806 ; in 1830, 2467. 

wf^piMtey p-t Oneida CO. N. Y. 12 m. S. W. Utica. 
Pop. 2,771. 

wlt^icsta, p-t Sussex oo. N. J. 79 m. N. Tren- 
ton. 

Amgtuta^ t Northumberland ca Pa. on the E. 
«ide of the Suaquehannah, 40 m. N. Harrisbnrg. 
Pop. tfns. 

•Ivguibh a central eo. Va. Chief t. Staunton* 
Pop. 16,742; slaves 3,512 ; engaged in agrieultnre 
3^1, in commerce S2j in manuiactures l/ttS. 

^ngtaUij city and cap. Richmond eo. Geo. on 
Savannah river, 86 m. N. E. of MiUedgeville, 127 
by land, and double the distance by water, above 
tbedty of Savannah. A bridge is thrown across 
the river, iHiich is here 400 yards wide* Augus- 
ta stands im an elevated plain ; the streets intersect 
each otiier at right ang^ are very wide and orna- 
mented with rows of the beautifid tree called 
Pride of India. The public buildings are a spa- 
cious city-hall of brick, a theatre, an academy and 
5 houaea for public worship, via. 1 each for Pres- 
byterians, Ejpiacopaliatts, Methodists, Baptists and 
Roman Cafliolics. Augusta is admirably situated 
for eommeice; a large portion of the cotton crop 
of the Stete^ besides a great deal from S. Carolina, 
isaenthere. During tbs winter months it is trana- 
pcirted in wagons, or shipped in scows which are 
towed down the river by steam boats, to'Savannah. 
Top. m 1810, 2^76 ; in 18!fO» about 6fibO. 

J9ugtala% p-v. Perry co. Mississippi 

•fs^vitefp-v. Montgomeryeo..^bama. ' 
. AuguMta^ p-t. and cap. Bracken oo. Kentucky, on 
the Obio, 90 m. N. £. Frankfort, 32 briow Mays- 
tiHa. Pop. 255. 

Auguaia^ t. Columbiana co. Ofaia Pop. 533. 

AuguMtaPmnLt the N. E. point of king George 
nrs ardiipelago. Lon. 225"* lOr £. Lat 58° S' N. 

AugUMtmt^SL SeBSLAugutime, 

Augutiow^ or Attgutl&wo, U Poland, in Lomsa, 
S6m.N.W.Bielsk. Pop. 24)00. 

Aidummh ▼« Bavaria, circle of the Resat, on the 
Wemitz. 

wf atofie, t Italy, in Friuli, 28 m. W. Udina, 15 
£. S. £» Bellnno. 

AtitUtfLA. Turkey, on the Hellespont, 17 m. S. 
W. Lampaaki Lon.28'28'E. Lat40'rN. 

AnglUmB, V. Piedmont, in Sum. Pop, 2,880. 
11m. W.Turin. 
. AvigHtm^t ^ Naplea, in Otranto, 7m. E. Otranto. 

Avigkmu^ t. Naples^ in Basilicata, 13 m. W. 
Oppioo. 

Avignon^ city, France, on the Rhone, capital of 



A V O 



67 



the dep. of Vanduse, 16 leagues N. W. Aix, 168 
8. E. Paris. Lon. 4« 53' E. Ut. 43* 56^ N. It 
was theseat of the popes from 1307 till 1377, and 
in 1348, the reignixig pope, Clement VI. bought the 
sovereignty of Avignon for 80,000 golden florins. 
Its formal cession by the Pope to France was stip- 
ulated in the treaty of Tolentino on the 19th Feb- 
ruary 1797. Avignon was formerly the seat of an 
archbishop ; at present it is the see of a bishop. 
Pop. 23,211. 

Aviginonei^ t France, in Upper Garonne, 8 
leMues S. E. Toulouse. Pop. 1,760. 

Avila, province, Spain, in Old Castile, inclosed 
by those of Salamanca, Valladolid, Segovia, and 
Toledo. Pop. 118,061. The chief town Avila, 
is on the Adaga, and was once one of the richest 
cities in Spain. Pop. AfiOfk 50 m. N. W. Madrid, 
Lon.5«W. Lat40P45'N. 

AvUat or Avilet^ t Spain, in Asturia, near the 
bay of Biscay. 15 m. N. Oviedo. 

Avila Fuente^ t Spain, in Old Castile^ 18 m. fr. 
Segovia. 

Aviles., t Portugal, on the coast of Oporto. Pop^^ 
2,300. 

Avire^ U France, in Mayenne, 6 leagues N. W. 
AuFers. 

Avis^ L Portugal, in Alentejo, 9 m. N. W. £s- 
tremoz. Pop. 1,500. 

Aviso^ t. Naples, in Lavora, 6 m. E. Sora. 

Atiae, t. France, in the Gard, 18 m. S. Rheims. 

AtUainc^ U France, in Sarthe, 5 leagues from Le 
Mans. 

Atdas^ t. France, in Gard, 15 leagues W. 
Nismes. 

AttUuter. See Aleesler. 

Auldeamy v. Scotland, Nairn co. Pop. 1,406. 
3 m. S. E. Nairn. 

AtiUndorf^ t Wirtemberg, 8 m. N. Ravenburg. 
Pop. 1,900. 

AukiiA, t Naples, in prinoipato Citra, 4 m. W. 
S. W. Cangiano, 32 S. E. Salerno. 

Autnojff 2 towns, France, in Calvados. Pop. of 
one 1,500 ; of the other, 2,000. 

Aulaay^i t. France, in Lower Charente. Pop. 
1,250. 7 leagues N. N. E. Saintes.— Another m 
Vienne, 16 leagues N. N. W. Poitiers. 

Aidona, See Fahna. 

Au^ty t. France, in Var. Pq>. 3,000. 

AuUy s-p. France, in Somme, 6 leagues W. Ab% 
beville. 

Aumay t Prussia, 44 m. S. a W. Leiptic. 

Atanaie^ t France, in Lower Seine. Pop. 1,720. 

AtumgnonyT, France, foils intothe Somme above 
Seronne. 

AumooHna^ t. Hind, in Mysore, 17 m. W. S. W. 
Periapatam. 

Amu^ r. Eng. foils into the sea near Plymouth. 

Auneauy or Auneaux^ t. France, in Euro and 
Loire, 5 leagues E. Chartres. Pop. 1,348. 

AtmeuUy t. France, in Oiae, 2 leagues S. W. 
Beauvais. Pop. 1^80. 

Aimocy isL Denmark, off the S. W. coast of 
Zealand. Lon.ir46'E. Lat.55"5'N. 

Auniaoy t. Chili, on the coa8t,200m.S. Valdivia. 
Lat.42'50'S. 

Awrite, t. France, in Sarthe, 12 m. from La 
Fleche. 

Amim^ t. Sicily, in Val di Noto, 3 m. N. E. Noto. 
Pop. 6,500. 

.^«on,r. Scotland, folia into the Spey; another 
falls into the Clyde, near Hamilton ; another runa 
between the counties of Stiriing and Linlithgow, 
into the frith of Forth, W. of Borrowstounness. 



66 



AUR 



Avm^ r. ^Es^. iklU into the Endiah ohaimaL 
The lower part is mtyigable for large Teaela. 
Another, rona into the Serem near Berkely ; an^ 
other, joina the Serem at Brittol, and is naviga- 
ble to Bath ; another, joins the Severn at Tewka- 
burv. 

4Mn, r. Wales, rons into the Bristol channel, 6 
m. S. Neath ; another, flows into the Irish sea at 
Barmouth. 

Awm^ r. Nova Sootia, frUs into the Atlantic, E. 
ofHalilax. 

Avor^ p-t. Somerset CO. Maine, 36 m.N. W. Nor- 
ridnwook Pop. 45a 

Aven^ p-t Ontario co. N. T. on Genesee river, 
ti m. W^ Canandaigua. Po^. 1,933. 

Av^tiola^ T. Piedmont, runs into the Cervo^ ^ m. 
W.Bui^onxa. 

Avovoy Captt CarBniania,on the W. side of the 
bay of Adalia. 

AvoyeUety pariah, Louisiana, S. of Red river. 
Chief t. Avoyelles. Pop. 2,245, Slaves 78S ; en- 
gaged in agriculture 636, in commerce 4, in mana- 
iaetures9. 

Avoydkty p-t. Avoyelles parish, Louisiana. 

Aupaekf r. Bohemia, runs into the £ger near 

Aupittbadin r. Saxonv, in Tburingia, faUs into 
the Grumbach, 6 m. £. WeissenfelB. 

Aux Planet river. See Det Plmut. 

AuroteKy t Germany, on the lUer, 3 m« S. W. 
Bamberg ; another in Wirtemberg, 9 m. E. N. £. 
Wurzach. 

Awrtuky r. Fnnconia, faUs into the Regnits near 
Erlangen. 

wf tfroifirt^fe, t France, in Meurthe, 6 m. N. Toul. 

Aurajwki-, r. Finland, runs into the gulf of Both- 
nia, a little below Abo. 

AtranduM^ i, Frmnoe« in La Manche, half a 
league from the sea. Small vesstb come up the 
river Sees, cloie to the town. Pop. 6^000. 322 
m. W. Paris. 

Auraify t France, on the gulf of Morbihan, 4 
leagues W.Vannes. Pop.SVWO. 

i^ttfOH, r. France, runs into the English channel. 
Lat4r34'N. 

Aurbtuhy r. Germany, runs into the Lahn, 2 m. 
above Nassau. 

Aitrt^ r. Fiance, lalls into the Eure ; another, 
joins the Drome below Bayenz. 

AurtCy t. France, in Upper Loire, 9 m. 8. W. 
StEtienne. Pop. 2,104. 
. jl«fiettta,p-t. and cap. Cayuga co. N. T. onCa^- 
nga lake. nyp. 7,923. It contains three post vil- 
li^. Auburn, Cayu|;a, and Union Springs. 

Aurdiutf L Washmgtoa co. Ohio. Pop. 239. 

Aurette^ r. France, fidls into the Eure near 
Boorges. 

w9«riae,t. France, in Upper Garonne, 17 m. Sl 
E. Toulouse. Pop. 1,545. 

AuntBh^ cap. of the principality of East Fries- 
land, in tlM kingdom of Hanover. Pop. 2400. 
It ia ooeneoted by a canal with Elmbden. 12 m. N. 
E. Embden. 

AuHga^ t. Italy, in the Valteline, 21 m. 8. S. W. 
Bormio. 

Aurige^ or Ltmrige^ r. France, runs into the 
Garonne above Toulouse. 

Awignae^ t Gascony, in Upper Garonne, 14 
leagues S« E. Toulouse. 

jfurigTW,isL France, in the Engliah channel, 20 
m. N. Jeney,7 W. Cape U Hogue. 

wli«n(tao,t. France, on the Jordant, in CantaU 
Pep. 111815,10,332. Ill leagueaS. Paris. 



AU S 

Auriilt, t France, in Mayenne-attULoftre, 1 
league N. W. Angora. 

AurMf L France, in Mouths-of-the-RlMMie, 5 
leasuesN.E.Mar8eiUes. Pop.3,70a 

Aur^ t. North Finland, 62 m. S. S. E. Biome- 
bore. 

Auriihf or Uhrl^ t New Mark of Brandenborg, 
on the Oder, 6 m. S. Frankfort 

Aurmr, t France, in Cher, 7 m. N. W. San- 
coins. 

AuroUtmuntierf t Upper Austria, 16 m. 8. Pas- 
sau. 

Auron^ r. France, fidls into the Eure below 
Bourgea. 

Avranij p-v. Cayuga eo. N. Y. on Cayusa lake, 
16 m. ;. W. Auburn. Pop. 1,285. 

Awntroy p-L Portage oo. Ohio, on Cuyahoga riv- 
er, 10 m. N. W. Ravenna. Pop. 549. 

Aurwuy p-v. Dearborn oo. Indiana. 

Awr9ral9laniy one of the New Hebrides. Loa 
168'24'E.Latl5'6'N. 

jfuroia;, t France, in Lozere, 7} leagues N. E. 
Mende. Pop. 1,048. 

Aurungabad, See Ohurka, 

Auta, r. Italy, entera the Adriatic aea at Rimial 

Auteke^ t Bohemia, 8 m. £. N. E. Leutmeritz. 

AutpUa^ t Moravia, circle of Brunn. 42 m. & 
aw. Ohnutx. Pop. 2,215. 

^tisiee, t Inner-Auatria, 48 m. W. N. W. Jo- 
denburg. Pop. 1,280. 

./fictses, V.Moravia, 12m. N. N. W. Olnuts. 

AuMtig^ or AwHf t Bohemia, on the Elbe, 10 
m. N. W. Leutmeritz. Pop. 1,369. 

Auttf V. Eng. Gloucestershire, on the left side 
of the Severn, 12 m. fr. Bristol. 

Autty r. Bavaria, passes by Au, and flows into 
the Danube. 

AutUtfady t Eng. in Yorkshire, 2 m.fr. Bawtiy. 

AwMUuy or Slmolnw^ t Moravia, in the circle 
of Brnnn, 12 m. E. S. E. Brunn. Pop. 1,69). 
Near this place a great battle was fought, on tht 
2d December 1805, between the French com- 
manded by Bonaparte, and the united forces of 
Austria and Russia, with their respecti-ve sore- 
reigns at their head. This battle ended in the to- 
tal discomfiture of the Austro-Russian anny. 

AtuierHt9y p-t Columbia CO. N. Y. Pop. 2,355. 

Autievold, isl. hithe North sea, near .Norway. 
Lat60"2'N. 

AutiMunty p-t Ashtabula oo. (Miio, on Gnatd 
river, 3 m. W. Jefienon. Pop. 445. 

Auttinay p-v. Anson oo. N. C. 

Au^mnilUy p-t. Wythe co. Va. on the Kenha- 
wa,284 m. S. W. Richmond. 

.^uflm^s Crtekj Georgiaf runs into the Savan- 
nah, 12m. N. Savannah. 

Auiiiniownj p-t. Trumbull co. Ohio, 12 m. S. 
Warren. Pop. 720. 

AuUonky^ or Autietdejfy t Eng. in Yorkahire, 4 
m. fromHuddersfield. 

AmtraUuiOy in modem Geography, the lifth 
great division of the globe. It includes the dd- 
fnerous islands which lie between the limits of 3" 
N- and 50^ S.Ut. and between OS"" and lOd"" E.I011. 
It embraces New Holland, Van Diemen's Land, 
Papua or New Guinea, New Britain, New Irebod, 
Solomon'a islands. New Caledonia, and New Zea- 
land, together with a multitude of smaller isknds 
surrounding them in all directions. 

AutlraKadtlE^ririiu8tmi», 8ee H€ * r Mfe s, ^s^p» 

Auatrioyeirvktjf, the krgeatofthe ten circles 
into which the empire of C&rmany was divided. 
It was bounded N. Ii^ Bohemia and Moravia ; E.' 



AUS 

byHuMUT; S^hythBgoUdiVmamnd Half; 
uxl W. uj Switstrlaad mnd Bayaria. These lim- 
iti iacMe all the preitnt domuiioiu of Austria in 
Gemujijy except Bohemia, Moravia and Aos- 
trian Silesia. This country is now divided into 
fnur parts, in refe ren c e to their administration, by 
the cfaaneery at Vienna ; vis. Lower, Inner, and 
Upper Ausbria* and the kingdom of Dlyria. 

Ltwer Jiuthioj is divided into the country bo- 
low the Ens, and the country above the Ens. The 
coaatry below the Ens is subdivided into four 
quarter^ viz. 1. the quarter below the forest of 
Vienna ; 2. the quarter above the forest of Vien- 
Da ; 3. the quarter below the Mannhartsbeif } 4. 
the q uarter above the Mannhsrtsberg. The coun- 
try above the Ens is subdivided into five quarters : 
L (he Haosmdi quarter, or Hausruck-viertel ; 
S. Moh^-viertol; 3. Traun-viertel ; 4. )nn-vier- 
tel ; S. Stehxburr-vieitel. Lower Austria con- 
tains t,S3240S ii&abitantr, of which the part be- 
low the Ens contains 1,032,729, and the part above 
the Ens 709,676. 

/finer ^mtna^ in the modem division of the 
Austrian empire^ corresponds with what was for- 
ntfflytlw dtttehy of Stiria. It is divided into 5 
rirrW, trhich are named after the principal towas : 
indeaUuTg, fimck, Graetx, Marbui|;, and Cilley. 
It contaiaH 763,820 inhabitants. 

(lipcr Ani^ria, includes the lYrol, andwveral 
ai&ller territories. It is dividea into 7 circles, 
vhiefa are named after the chief towns: Schwartz, 
liBst, BrcfentBy Botaui, Bnmcck, Trient, and 
RofcrsdA. 

Fortba subdivisioBt of the kingdom of Dlyria, 

«e/r ' 



AUS 



M 



Jmlraa, JhtkAtiehy ^,c o r re sp onds nearly with 
Lower Austria, mentioned in the preceding ar-> 
tick. 

49Unmf Empire of^ compvebends not cxdj the 
'vsatriesdaacriDedinthe two preceding articles, 
bflt sU the various states under the dominion off 
tbs impesial boose of Austria. It is bounded N. 
bf Saxony, Prussia, and Russian Poland; E. by 
Rosas and Turkey; S. by Turkey, the Gulf oi 
Vfiiiee, and Middle Italy; W. by Piedmont, Swit- 
srlaod* and Bavaria. This empire is oompanr 
thdydfrnodenioriii^ and, at different periods, 
ios neeived various important aupAontations. It 
i* a combination of nations, varying in their ori- 
;?n. lu^uages, religions, sind modes of life, yet 
^^aiag at the wesent day, a firm and compact 
body politia, The siu and population of this 
sreat monarchy will be best exhibited by the fol- 
i*jwin^ view of its cmnponent partk 
uiu or TiiK xxTBirr avd popvlatios ov thx 

AVSTAIAir BMFIKB. 



Countries. 


8q. ms. 


Population. 


U Lower Austria, 


15^22 


1,832,406 


1 iDoer Austria, 


8,778 


763,820 


3. Upper Austria, 


12,276 


741^9 


4. Dlyria, 


13,508 


l/)60,492 


S^Bohcsnia, 


20,922 


3,183,364 


CL Moravia, ) 

".Aostrian Silesia, \ 


12,122 


1,^,262 


K Gov.oTMilan, 


8,340 


2,062,000 


9. Gov. of Venice, 


9,960 


1,932,000 


mCalida, 


92,521 


3,750,000 


11. Hungary, \ 






13. TnSylVama, / 


about 


about 


13. Croatia, > 

14. Selavema, i 


135,000 


ll/)00,000 


\k Dabaatia; ) 






f«^ ia round numbers, 


270,000 


28,000/M)0 



The ierrencGontries first named in the above ta- 
ble, oobstitute the German part of the Austrian 
empire. The governments of Milan and Venice 
are the Italian parts, and form what is called the 
Lombardo- Venetian kinadom. Galicia was taken 
from Poland, and bears £e title of kingdom of Ga- 
licia. 

The population is composed principally of Ibqr 
great races, in the following order: Sdavonians, 
ll,750,DOO,Germans 5,000An» Italians 5,000,000, 
Hungarians 4M)»00a There are besides, 1,400,- 
OOOWaUachiani,420gOOOJews,anda lewArmo- 
aians. This population occupy 758 cities, tfiOO 
market towns, 67,644 Tillages, and 4,192,834 
houses. 

The annual rerenne is estimatftd at about 
60/)00^000dollan. The public debt before the 
FKttsb nvolutioB, was |90/)00/)00 ; in 1805» 
more than |3SO/)00,000 ; and now more than 
#650,000,000. The arm7 on the peace establish, 
mentoooaists of 220,000 »&ntry, 36AX) cavalry, 
with about 154100 artillery. For the protection 
of trade, a few friaates and other armed vessels 
are kept up on tne Adriatic ; while on the Da- 
nube, towards tiie Turkish frontier, are stationed 
the vessels called tsphaiken, manned by about 
1^)00 soldien and seamen. 

The government is an absolute monarchy. In 
Hungary, however, the nation shares the legisla- 
tive, and even the ezeoutive powar with the em- 
peror ; the Tyrolese posaeas, to a certain degree, 
the same privileges. Austrian Italy was erected 
into a kxn^idom by an edict of the emperor in 1815t 
and though inseparable from the Austrian empira, 
it has a separate constitution, at the head of which 
is aprince of the imperial ftmily, with the title of 
Viceroy. Galicia bears the title of kingdom, and 
n governed by a Viceroy; and in 1817 a liberal 
constitution was published, and a representative 

Svemment established. Bohemia andMomvia 
ve each an assembly of states or repreaenUtives, 
but their power is merely nominal. The admin- 
istratioo of the whole empire centres in Vienna, 
and is composed of a number of boards, under the 
name of councils, chanceries, and conferences. In 
the German diet or • confederation of the sove- 
reigns and free towns of Germany,' formed in 
1815, Austria presides, and baa one vote. In the 
general assembly, she has four votes. 

The established religion is the Roman Catholic ; 
but in Hungary, Transylvania, and Sclavonia, 
members of the Protestant and Greek churches 
have long been settled, and in the enjoyment of 
oonsiden&le privileges. In ftet, since the days 
of Joseph n. free toleration is granted to all sects 
throuchont the Austrian dommions. The num- 
ber of the various sects is estimated as follows >^ 
22,000,000 Roman Catholics, 2,600,000 Greek 
Christians, 2^)00^000 Reformed, 1,450,000 Lu- 
therans, 420,000 Jews, and 42,000 Unitariuis. 

In point of literature, Austria is ^preatiy behind 
the north of Gennany. The principal universi- 
ties are at Vienna, Prague, Freyburg, Innspruck; 
Lembeii^, Pest, and Padua. 

The principal manuActares are thread, cottao, 
linen, lace, silk stuffi, stoddi^s, spirituous liquors, 
wrou^t ir^, steel, and brass, kitchen and farm- 
ing utensils, glass, porcelain, and earthen ware. 
The foreign commerce is in a mat measure in the 
huids of Greek merchants The imports consist 
principally of raw materials, such as wool, cotton, 
raw silk, rice, oil, dru«, spices, of a)l which a 
a great part comes from the Levant. 



70 



A XU 



A^ttria^ Son FeHppe ie, city, S. America, 46 m. 
fr.CumaiM. Loii.6y4rW. Ut l(f 31'N. 

wfttteitfo, 00. Alabama. Pop. 8,853, ilay«t 
1^47. Eogagied in agriculture ly461, in com- 
merce 8, in maniifarturei 9. At the C. H. ia a 
poit-office. 

AutMi^t r. France, turn into the Eogliah chan- 
ceL 

AvihffHf t France, in Enre and Loire, 11 
leagues 8. W. Chartrea. Pop. 1,900. Another, 4 
leagues N. E. Saintes. 

Autircy r. Fra^kse, runs into the Sevre, below 
Maillerais. 

Auimmef r. France, runs into the Oise near 
Verberie. 

Auiun^ t. FraAce, in Saone and Loire. Here 
are manufactures of linen, blankets, hosiery, and 
other stuib. 16 leagues S . W. Dijon. Pop. 8/)00. 

Atutue, t. Montgomery co. Missouri. 
- Au Fatey r. Illinois, runs into the Mississippi 56 
miles above the mouth of the Ohio. It is naviga- 
ble for boats 60 miles, through a fine prairie coun- 
try. 

Au»erpie^ formerly a province of France. It 
is now included in the departments of the Puy 
de Dome, CanUl, Creuse, AUier, and Upper 
Loire. 

Atsvergnie^ t. Switzerland, 3 m. S. Neuichatel. 

Auti&rt, or AtmiUardj t France, in Tame- 
and Garonne, on the Garonne, 5 leagues S. Agen. 
Pop. 24)00. 

Auxerre^ t France, capital o§ the department 
of the Tonne. It is on the Tonne, which affords 
an easy communication with the metropolis. 11 
leagues S. 8. £. 8«ib, 37 8. E. Paris. Pop. 11,300. 

AtuDonrt' France, in Aube, Si leagues 8. 8. W. 
Troyes. Pop. 2AM). 

Aux&n, t. France, in Upper Loire, 12i leagues 
N.W.LePuy. Pop. 1,500. 

Auxwmgy i. France, on the left bank of the Sa- 
one, in Cote d'Or, 7 leagues 8. E. D^OB. Pop. 
6,280. 

Awtante^ t France, m Creuse, 11 leagues £. S. 
£. Gueret. Pop. 1,^0. 

AtDottka. See Avaiteka. 

Aweeree, See fVarte. 

Anin Eiit r. Ireland, runs into the sea, 7 m. N. 
Killebegs. 

AwUy r. Syria, runs into the Mediterranean, 
near Sidon. 

Ax, t. France, in Arriege, 6 leagues N. W. Ta- 
rascon. It has warm baths. Pop. 1,554. 

Axy or Axe, r. Eng. Mis into the sea below As- 
mouth ; another hUa into the Bristol channel 8 m. 
below Axbridge. 

Axaroy t A.' Turkey, in Natolia, 50 m. from 
Guzel-Hissar. 

Axatj or Azai, t France, on the Aude, 25 m. S. 
Carcassonne. 

Axbridge, t Eng. Somersetshire, on the As, 8 
m. above its mouth, 17 m. from Bristol. 

Axel, t. Netherlands, in East Flanders, 97 m. W. 
Antwerp. Pop. 1^43. 

Axim, d istrict, part of the kingdom of Ashantee, 
Africa. The Dutch have a fort on Cape Three 
Points, 10 leagues Eb ApoUonia. 

Axiopoli, See Rauovai. 
• Axminsler, t Eng. in Devonshire, on the Ax, 26 
m. from Exmouth. Pop. 2,387. 

Axmoutk, V. ^ng. in Devonshire, at the mouth 
of the Ax. 

AxwH, ancient capital of Abyssinia, now in 



A Z A 

ruins, 40 m. E. Sire. Lon. 38° 50^ £. Lai. 14* 
lO^N. 

Ay, U France, dep. of Manie, 5 leagues 8. 
Rheims. It produces Champaign wine. Pop. 
2,516. 

Ay^otPdlioAy. SeePtftolTay. 

Auamontt, i, Spain, at the mouth of the Goadi* 
ana, 34 W. a W.Seville. Pop. 5,000. 

AyammUe, t Portugal, in Alentejo,3 ul N. W. 
Minfort 

AyoM, V. Caramania, on the W. side of the \ 
of Scanderoon. Lon. 35* 48' E. Lat. 36*40' ] 

^yoi^v. on the coast of Caramania. Lou. 34* 
12'E.Lat36«29'N. 

Avawaroo^ t Hind, in the Caxnatic, 20 m. W. 
Vellore. 

Aybar, i. Spain, in Navarre, on the Arragoo, 3 
m. 8. Sanguesa. 

AyeSHerri, isL in the North sea, near Lapland. 
Lon.4a'5a E. Lat. 69* 50^ N. 

AifempetyL Hind, in the Camatic, 4 m. N. E. 
Tanjore. 

Ayerbe, or Ayerve, t. Spain, in Arragoo, at the 
foot of the Pyrenees, 32 m. N. Saragossa. 

Ayeriioum, t. Burlington co. N. J. 13 m. S. E. 
Burlington. -, 

AykAwry, t Eng. Buddndiam co. 39 m. W. 
N.W.London. Pop. 3,447. 

Aylufwrd, t Eng. Kentco. 32 m. E. London. 

AylemotUh. See Ainemoiafu 

Aj^ahoHL, See jfleshom. 

AyUtt^ p-v. King William co. Va. 29 m. N. E. 
Richmond. 

AymtmUu See EyemouffL 

AynaejY, France, in Lot, 5) leagues N. W. Fi- 
geac, 1 1 N. E. Cahors. 

Ayora, t Spain, in Valencia, 25 m. W. St. Fe- 
lipe. 

Ayr, maritime co. Scotland, bounded N. by 
Renfrewshire, E. by Lanark and Dumfries, S. \fj 
Galloway, and W. by the Irish channel and frith 
of Clyde. Woollen manufactures are established 
in every parish ; and the difierent brandies of 
cotton manufacture employ many penoos. Ex- 
tensive iron works are erected at Muirkirk and 
Glenbuck, where are inexhaustible fields both of 
coal and iron ore. Pop. 103,954. 

Ayr, borough, and s-p. Scotland, cap. of Ayr- 
shire, 75 m. & W. Edinburr. Pop. 5,000. 

Ayr Head, cape, on the W. coast of Scotland. 
Lon. 4° 40* W. Lat. 55* 28^ N. 

Aydingin, t. Bavaria, on the Danube, 3 m. S. 
S. W. DDlingen. 

Ayterpiily, t Hind, in Mysore, 7 m. 8. Colar. 

Ayian^ v. Scotland, Berwick co. Pop. 1^379. 

Ayion, Chreai, v. Eng. in Yorkshire, 3 m. from 
Stokesley. 

Aytre, t. France, in Lower Charente, near La 
Rochelle. 

Agq/L See Scjl. 

Awambuja, v. Portugal, in Estremadora, 25 m. 
from Lisbon. Pop. 2v4O0. 

Aaimdmjeira, t. Portuguese Estremaduta, 7 m. 
W. Santarem. 

AMomar, port, Morocco, on the Morbeya, .80 ml 
N. Morocco. Lon. 8» 15' W. Lat 33** 20^ N. 

.^sar, t. Arabia, in Hadramaut, 76 m. 8. E. 
Amanxirifilin. 

Awaredo, s-p. in the bay of Spiritu Santo, Bra- 
cil. Lon. 40* laW. Lat 20" 18' & 

Ateqf, or Autde-U'Rideau, t. France, in Indra* 
and-Loire, on the Indre, 5 leagues 8. W. Tours. 



BAB 



BAB 



71 



<^sayt t Fnzioe, in Deuz-Sevres, 9 learaes W. 
N. W. PoitienL 

A z mfk f Vrpw, t. Franoe, in Indre, 10 letgaes 
W. ClMteaiiroaz. Pop. 1,8S5. 

«f aqMur-der, t Fnuoce, on Uie Cher, in Indrft- 
■od-Loire, S^ leagues E. S. £. Toun. 

Atta$»abad. See Pofho. 

Awaiam^ t. Portuguese Estremadun, 5 m. N. N. 
W.SetaraL Pop. 2,350. 

Aaem^ or jfjem. See Ardrah. 

AvoMttf^ t. FruKse, in Vendee, 5 leeraes N. Sa- 
bles d'Okmne. Pop.3,00a 

AModg^r^ t India, in Allahabad. Lon. \T 10' 
E.LaLS^'G'E. 

AtermUuy r. France, in Menrthe, 4^ leagues 
S. £. Lonerille, 10 S. E. Nancy. 

Awtf^jm^ or Aderbeitam^ province of Persia, 
between 47 49^ and 48" 34' £. lon. and between 
36* lO'ud 39" N.Ut bounded N. by Erivan and 
Shinnu^ £. by Ghilan, S. by Irak, and W. by 
Turkish Aimenia and Kurdistan. It is a-moun- 
tainons and cold country but well watered, and in 
the Telle JB produces grain, hemp, and fruits; The 
chief town is Taoris or Tabriz. 

Atergue Bahr-eU or Bhtt Rioer^ Abyssinia, rises 
in Gojam, passes through Itfko Dembea, and after 
traversii^ Abyssinia and Sennaar, &Us into the 
liile above Gerri. 

Ateadum t Spanish Estremadura, 16 m. S. S. 
W. Merida. 

jf jiflie, AMiOan^ or AwHUn^ t France, in Aude, 
near the royal canal, 6^ leagues. W. Narbonne. 

jf scaceifr, or Agmcmirt^ v. France, in Pas-de- 
Calais^ 7 m. N. Hesdin, 11 £. Montreufl. On its 
plains Henry V. of England gained a victory over 
the French, in 1415. 

.^siiiA^e,t PortttgueiK Estremadura, 11 m. N. 
N. El Santarem. 

AUq^ t. En. Turkey, in Livadia, 64 m. N. £. 
Lepaato. 

.^jopA, an inland sea of Asiatic Russia, on the 
confines of Tartary, communicating with the 
Euxine by a narrow channel, called the straits of 
Jenicale. It is the ancient Palus Maeotis. 

•4scpA, t Asiatic Russia, on the E. extremity of 
tfaeseaof Aaoph,atthe mouth of the Don, 812 m. 
$.5.£.Peter»biiigfa. ' Lon. 39" 14' E. Ut 4r N. 

.fseref, or ^eifem /ftontfr, in the Atlantic, be- 



tween 37" and 40" N. lat and SS*" and 32" W. 
lon. consisting of St. Michael, St Mary, Tercera, 
Gracioaa, St George, Pico, Fsyal, Corvo and 
Flores. They have been at different times laid . 
waste by earthquakes, of which the mostfonnida- 
ble on record is that of 1591, which continued 12 
days, and destroyed entirely the flourishing town 
of Villa Franca. Another phenomenon stiU more 
extraordinary is that of new rocks which have 
emeigedfrom the ocean. The eflect of subterra- 
neous fires is also visible in numerous hot springs. 
The soil is exceedingly fertile in vines, oranges, 
and other firuits ; and considerable wine is export- 
ed. The best vines are raised on the lofty sides of > 
Mont Pico, on the island of the same name. These 
islands belong to the Portuguese, and the popula- 
tion estimate at 160,000, is almost entirely of 
Portuguese origin. Angra, the capital of Teroera^ 
is the seat of government 

Aworti^t islands in the Atlantic, N. of St Do- 
mingo. 

AMraky r. A. Turkey, flows into the Euphrates, 6 
m. N. fl Semisat 

Atrdc Bahr ei, r. Abyssinia, which rises near . 
lat. 11" N. and Ion. 37" E. and flows ahnost im- 
mediately into the lake Dembea, through which it 
passes without mixing its waters, so that the cur- 
rent always is visible. It issues from the lake at 
the southern extremity, and pursuing a semicircu- 
lar course, turns gradually to the north, and flows 
in this durection throueh Sennar till in lat 16^ 
N. it unites with the Buir el Abiad, or principal 
branch of the Nile. In Abjrssinia and in Europe, 
the Azrek was always considered as the head of 
the Nile, but the superior magnitude of the Abiad 
seems now to be clearly proved. The principal . 
tributaries of the Azrek are the Dender and the 
Maleg. 

AsuagOf t Spanish Estremadura, 9 m. S. E. 
Llerena. 

Aaumar, t Portugal, in Alentejo, 5 m. W. N. 
W. Aronches. 

Aturar^ t. Portugal, in Entre Douro e Minho, 
16 m. S. W. Braya< 

AgurartL, t. Portugjal, in Beira, 6 m. S. E. Viseu . 

Auoglio^ t. Italy, m Masserano, 6 m. N. N. £. 
Masserano. 



B. 



Baaxmeis or Badaed.i'p. Sweden, in Scho- 
nen, on a bay of the Cattegat, 10 m. N. Engel- 
bobn,l6S.Hel]itttadt Lon.l2"45'E. Lat 56" 
SS'N. 

Biiagoe,2 small islands, Denmark, in the Bal- 
tic, one between the islands of Zealand, Moen, 
aaAFalster. Lon. 12*3: E. Lat 54" 56' N. ; and 
the other in the Little Belt Lon.9"49'E. Lat 
55-19'N. 

BaoTs iltser, in West Greenland, empties m 
loD-SO^iyW. l«t.64"30rN. 

Bsar^ or Bttr^ t Switierland, 2 m. N. Zug. 

Bofto, difltrict^ew Grenada, in Quito, 221eagae8 
in extent C^bmq is its st^ile article of commerQe. 
Pep. 4^000. 



BabOf Copt, on the N. coast of Natolia, in the 
Black sea. ton. 31" 51' E. Ut 41" 8' N. 

Babahojfo^ district in Quito. Its capital, Baba- 
hoyo, is agreat mart of trade. Latl"4rS. The 
river Babahoyo rises in the mountains of Chimbo 
and Riobamba, and after running 24 leagues, fidli 
into the Guayaquil. 

Babanmi^ or BaXbanim^ t Cambodia, on the 
Cambodia. Lon. 105" lO' E. Lat .12" IT N. 

Babein^ t Persia, in Irak, 80 m. S. E. Ispahan. 

BabtL See Boston. 

Babtk t. Egypt, on the D^ltajhe ancient Bj^ 

r, 40 m. N.Cairo. ^ 

Babdabouad. See Dtrbend. 

Babilmandel^ Sirmtt of, the entranoe of the Red 



los. 



72 



BAG 



sea from the Indian ocean, 7 leagnai in breadth. 
They are daitferoiiB to para. 

Babtknandd, id. in the above ftxaiti, 5 milet in 
drcumferenoe, barren and icaroely inhabited. 
Lon. 44* 30' E. Lat. 44* 28r N. 

Babenj itl. in the Indian aea, ahoat 18 milea 
long. Lon.l3(rtol31*£.Latr4r& 

Bsbenhinuen^ t. Bavaria, 16 m. 8. £. Uhn. 
Pop. 1,600. 

BttbiSiMalu. See Pulo Baby. 

Babh ill. in the Eastern sea, near the W. coaft 
of Ceram. Lon. 12r S' E. Lat 3* 5' S. 

Battie^ or Bababeg^ t Persia, in Kerman, at an 
equal distance from the cities of Kerman, Shiras, 
and Vezd. Fruit of every kind grows here in 
profusion. Lon. 54'' IS' £. Lat 30^3^ N. 

BoMn, t. Austrian empire, in Oalicia, 36 m. E. 
Belcs. 

BabinotpUstJU^ t Russia, 60 m. N. Mohilew, 
306 S. St. PetersburB. Lon. 30^ 14' £. Lat 64* 

Babe, t W^ah, in Africa, 10 m. N. W. Sabi. 

Baboeu^ t France, in Oise, 2 m. E. S. E. Noy- 
OQ, 42 N. £. Beauvais. 

Babobea^ t Hungary, 22 m. 8. 8. E. Caniscfaa. 

Babvh isi. in the gnufof Siam, near the coast of 
Cambodia. Lon. 103* 48' E. Lat. 9* 42" N. 

Babuan, isl. in the 800I00 archipelago. Lon. 
120*30'E.Lat6*-taN. 

Babuyanet^ islands in the Pacific, N. of Luzon. 
The lanest are Babuan. Calayan, Camiguen, 
Daluspin and Fuga. Tiie chief products are 
uraz, ebony, bananas, cocoas, and plantains. Lon. 
121* W to 122* 6' E. Lat 18* 5^ to 19* 42' N. 

Babjflon^ (in ancient geomphy,) a fiunous city 
on the Eupmtes. It stood on both sides of the 
river, in the form of a square, encompasMd b^ a 
wall 60 miles in circuit, 87 feet thick and 360 high, 
on which were built 316 towers, or according to 
others, 250. There were 100 gates, 25 on each 
side, all of solid brass. From these ran 25 streets 
crossing one another at right angles, each 150 feet 
wide, and 15 miles in length. Thus the whole 
citv was divided into 676 squares. The wall of 
Babylon was accounted one of the seven wonders 
of the world. Extensive ruins are now to be seen 
of this once magnificent city, about 50 m. 8. Bag^ 
dad. 

Baealal^ lake, Mexico, in Yucatan, 36 m. 8. W. 
Valladolid. 

Bae<aan, t Great Bukharia, 45 m. W. Anderab , 
145 E. 8. £. Balk. Lon. 97* 40^ E. Lat 36* 12' N. 

Baeano Bau, on the 8. coast of Cuba. Lon. 
74*58'W. Lat20»6'N. 

Baeeano^ t. Italy, States of the Church, a little 
S. of Rome. 

BaecMgUonej r. Italy, loses itself in the La- 
gnnes of Venice, below Este. 

Bach. SeeBaU(A. 

Baeha^ one of the isb. of the Hebrides, N. E. 
of North Uist Lon. r 3' W. Lat 5r 37' N. 

Baehuradi^ t. Prussian srand dutchy of the 
Lower Rhine, 23 m. 8. Uoblentx. Lon. 7* 40^ 
E. Lat 60* 2^5. Pop. 1,250. 

BothdioTy t Oxford co. Maine, 20 m. W. Pa- 
ris. Pop. 91. 

Baekehr*9'r€trealjP'Y, Pendleton co. 8. C. 

Ba^dorU Rhery s. Americat runs into a bay 
of tlw same name, on the N. side of the straits 
of Magellan. L^n. of the mouth, 73^ 52^ W. 
Lat 5^38^5. 

BttAton, one of the Molucca islands, separated . 



BAD 

by a narrow channel from the island Gtlolo. Lou. 
12r33'E. Lat 1*8. 

BaehkUh See CacAoo. 

Baehmulh^ or BakkmmtA, t Russia, 104 m. N. 
N. W. Azoph, and 112 E. Ekaterinoslav. Lon. 
3r44'E. Lat 48* 25' N. 

Baeku, SeeJSoibu. 

jBodir, r . or aim of Chesapeake bay, in Baltimore, 
00. Md. 4 m. £. of the PaUpsco. 

Baekar^ or Bekhur, distriot, Hind, in Moaltan. 
The town is on an island in the Indus, near its 
junction with the I>ummoody. Lon. l(f 2' E. 
Lat S8" 31' N. 

Back ereek VaUey^ p-v. Frederick 00. Va. 

Badaargungef district, in the 8. E. part of Ben- 
gal. The town is 120 m. E. of Calcutta. Lon. 
89*20^E. Lat2r4a'N. 

Baeknang^ t Wirtemberg, on the Mur, IS m. 
N. E. Stut|;a[rd. Lon. 9*30' E. Lat48*58'N. 

fioro, t m Mindoro, one of the PhUippine isl- 
ands. Lon. 121* 5' £. Lat 13* W N. 

BaeanrcatiU^ p-v. Surry, 00. Va. 74 m. S. E. 
Richmond. 

fioeone, r. Caraecas, rises near the oity oT 
Truxillo, and serves as a boundary between the 
provinces of Varinas, and Venezuela. 

BaeonU Itkmd^ in the Chinese sea. Lon. 113^ 
6' E. Lat 11* 13' N. 

Bacre^ v. Sierra Leone. Iasbu 12* 11' W. Lat 
8*40'N. 

Badriani, t. Asiu, in Georgia, 60 m. N. Teflis. 

Bad rteer, N. W. Territory, runs into Lake 
Superior 16 m. Vf. of Montreal river. It is 70 
yards wide at its mouth, and beatable 8 or 9 mfles. 

BadafoM, t Spain, capital of Estlremadura, on 
the G uadiana. It is an important barrier fortress 
on the side of PortugaL ft was taken by stonn. 
by the British under Lord Wellington, after 4' 
memorable conflict en the 6th of April 1812. 
Pop. 14,500. 82 m. N. N. W. Seville, 49 8. Al- 
cantara. Lon. 6* 47' W. Lat38*49'N. 

Badakifumi^ t Great Bukharia, 150 m. E. Bolkfa. 
Lon.68*50'£. Lat 37* 20* N. 

Badahna^ s-p. Spain in Catalonia, 4 m. N. £. 
Barcelona. 

Badanaeovpy^ t Hind, in Mysore, 28 m. 8. Se- 
rinrapatam. 

Sadar^ t Hind, in Bejapour, on the river Krish- 
na, 30 m. 8. Mijee. Lon. 75* 32r £. Lat 16* 
40rN. 

Badadof^ t Siberia, on the Angara, 80 m. N. N. 
W. Irkutsk. 

Baddamuuf^L Hind, in Bejapour, 80 m. 8. E. 
Merritdi. Lon. 74* 54' E. Lat 16* 6' N. 

Baden^ formerly a maipuviate ci Germany, 
in the circle of Suabia, extending along the £. 
bank of the Rhine, now fonning Uie most impor- 
tant part of the grand dutchy. It was made up 
of Baden*Baden and Baden-Durlach. 

BadtHj a grand dutchy of Germany, bounded 
8. by Switzerland and the lake of Coostauoe, E. 
by Wirtemberg, N. by Bavaria and Hesse-Dann- 
stadt, and W. by the Bavarian circle of the Rhine^ 
and the French department of the Upper and 
Lower Rhine. It is divided into ten circles : 
Cirtiet. Chief Thwns. 

The Lake (Seekreis) Constance. 

The Danube. Villii^gen. 

The Weisen. LorraeU. 

The Treisam. Freybtu^. 

?he Kiniig. Offenbu!]^. 

he Murg. RiMadt. 



B AF 

Tte Hbii tad fis. DnrtaiA. 

TlM Ifcekar. Hcidelbeig. 

The OdcnwaU. MoilMcli. 

TbtMuBandTftQter. WeHheim. 

The grtad duke has the densiuition of * Royal 
HigbMH*; bia nrideooe and uo scat of pir&m^ 
BwataraatCarlindie. Thanwiddatokyooiitaini 
5^iqiHniiiilaa,aiid 924tSin inhabitaati. Rot* 
cQua about £0O(MNWL Tbe gnnd Mds and moat 
of his ml^acU «i« LntbeiwiB. 

B^bi, t. Gamuuiy, m the gnmd dntehy of Bap 
den, m tba einle of tho Mni;^, oalebrated for iti 
mioenl watan. In 1810, tbe nombar of its viaH 
tiatswasSidSS. 2Sin. N. E. Stra^org, 36 W. 
Stntgird, and 40 8. 8. W. Heidalberr. Lon.8* 
Ifff. Lattf'^O'N. Pop. 3^)65. 

Bi^ a diitriet of Switmiand, formerly an 
'"t^r—*"^ cantoaiy bat now miiiad to that of 
Aar^. 

Bmimt t S witgea - l and, on the Limmet, at the 
head of the abor« district; celebrated for its 
wumbatlM. 14 mu N. W. Zunoh, 87 S. £. Bale* 
Pop. ],65a 

BtdoLLLamwr Anstria, IS m. & 8. W. Vien- 
ia;odebiatedfar its warm baths. Pop.2^4a0. 

BoAn, ▼. Switserland, canton of Valait. fai 
itsTicinity it tiie eatnraet of Toaa, SOD feet hig^ 
sod the iunoiis hoi Bprii^ in which an eg^ may be 
boikd. 

BadJwflis t. Hind, in Mysore, SI m. S. Seringa.- 

tHind. inDow]atabad,6m.S. S. W. 

BmlmlMyi^ Austrian Italy, onthe Adige,5 m. 
from L^nano, 15 W. 8. W. Rovieo. Pop. BfiOO. 

BeAi^m, T. Pntasian states, Middle Mark of 
Braadeabiirg,? m. W. Stendal. 

BodNHT. on the slave coast of A£-ica, 10m.N. 
W.GrsodSertra. 

BsrfredUteM, or the Saered Mmmlmn, t. Hind, 
in Gofeooda, on the Godavery. Here isapagoda 
qf»nat celebrity. 73 m. N.W. Rajamundry, 
lao E. Hydrabad, 134 from Viagapatam. 

Badmsl^ t Hind, in Gnwrat, 16 m. E. Surat. 

BstfndL See BMdUanidb. 

BaMUs,t Naplea, in Calabria Ultra, 14 m. 
S.&£.Sqai]laee. 

Beedoa,ansKtcttaiTe kingdom of Central Af* 
rin, S. of Tomboetoo, and £. of Bambarca. 

Boeae, or ^aeno, t. Spain, in Andalusia, 18 m. 
S.S.£.Coidofa. Pop. 4,800. 

BatnttUt, t Prussian states. New Mark of 
Bnadealmn:, 13m. N. N. W. Ciistrin,4S m. E. N. 
LBerliB. 

Baa. SeeBels. 

Bseaa, or Beceo, Spain, in Andalusia^d leagues 
froa Jaen, TO m.N.N.E. Cordova. Lon.tr3y 
W. Uta8*4rN. Pop. 16,000. 

Bcfa, or Bo/o, s-p. Africa, on the Grain coast. 

Lwuirasrw. lolsmo^n. 

^Ai >-p* ^ Cyprus, on the W. coast It has 
kaaall haibor, now cfaoaked up with sand, and is 
the mort dangerous port of the island. Numerous 
reina sad aatiqnities are dispersed in the vicinity. 
LflO-arWE. Lat.34«48'N. 

BMjbi^s Bey, the most norther^ gulf or bay 
tint has yet been discovered in North-AiHerica. 
bcitcnds beyond the 78tfa di^ree of N. lat and 
coaanmiQates with tiie Atlantic ocean through 
Evil's Straits. On the W. side of this bay, in 
^ 74* is Lancaster's Sound; through whi<^ Lieut« 

10 



BAG 



73 



P»nry,ia11ieinmmertof !819aBd 1880, discover- 
ed a passage into the polar sea* He penetrated 
as frras the longitude of 113" 47 W. from Green- 
wich, between the paraUels of 74* and 78* N. Ut 
where hisfnrther progress was arrested bythe ioe. 

Bt^ruah. SeeBoZ/reiA. 

Bag9^ t Spain, in Catalonia, on the Uobregaty 
16 m. N. E. Solsona. 

Buga Re^ one of the Philippmelilaiids,£. Lu- 
lon. 

Bd^orfuce Poinlt cape m Pienobseot bay, Bflaine. 

Bagalaen, district of Java, near its centre. 

Bttguaui, See Bayazid. 

Bagdad, a pachalic of A. Turkey, which com* • 

Sehends the whole of Irak Arabi, with a part of 
esopotamia. Pop. about 1,000/)00, contisting 
partly of Turks and Arabians, partly of Kurds ana 
Jesides. The army of the Ptecha is estimated at 
fromdOiOOOto 50,000 men. This pachalic next to 
that of Anatolia is the most important of all in 
Asiatic Turkey. It is bounded N. by the pacha- 
lic of Diarbekir and the country of the tributary 
Kurds, E. by Iran and the Persian guU; & W.and 
W. by the deserts (rf' Arabia and Syria and by the 
pachalic of Aleppo. 

Bagdad^ a city of Asia, on the Tigris, the capi- 
tal of the Turkish provinces of Bagdad. For more 
than 500 years it was the city of the caliphs, and 
the capital of the Moslem empire, and was one ct 
the most populous and splendid cities of the world ; 
but it now retains very little of its ancient splen* 
dour. It is a city of great trade, and a noted em- 
I>orium for the products of Arabia, India, and Per- 
sia, as well as for many European manuftctures. 
It supplies all Asia Minor, Syria, and a part of Eu- 
rope, with Indian commodities, whidi are import- 
ed at Bassora, and being brou^t up the Tigris in 
boatSi are transported in caravans to Tocat, Con- 
stantinople, Alemo, Damascus, and the western 
parts of Persia. The population is estimated at 
SO^KN), and is composed of Turks, who constitute 
three-fourths of the whole, of Peisians, Jews, and 
a small proportion of Christians. 210 m. S. Mosul, 
300 N. N. W. Bassora. Lon. 44'' 24' E. Lat33* 
SO'N. 

Bagendm^ v. En^ GloiioesterslUre,3 m. N. Cir- 
encester. 

Baggai^ t Algiers, anciently J^a^^asi, 48 m. S. S. 
E. Constantina. 

Baghiian^ L Persia, in Khoraasan, 60 m. N. E. 
Herat 

Bagkwan, or HunJbor, v. Beloocbistan, 10 m. 
from Khonlar. Lon. 66* 35' E. Lat ST 3 N. 

Bapjmtra, t. Upper Egypt, between the Nile 
and Farshout 

Bagna^ t Eu. Turirey, in Servia, on the Orko- 
luka,SO m. N. E. Parakm. 

Bapta CataUoy t Italy, States of the Cburcfa, on 
the Seno, 24m. S. S. £. Ferrara. 

Bagna di <Act[ua^ t. Italy, in Tuscany ; celebni- 
ted for its warm baths. 15 m. £. Leghorn. 

Bagnagar. See Jfyderabad. 

Bagnaja, t Italy, Ecclesiastical States, 1 m. S, 
Vitebo. 

Bo^Turro, t Naples, in Calabria Ultra, Pop. 
5/)00. 14 m. W. Oppido. 

Bagnana^ t Italy, States of the Chnt«h, 6 m. 
S. Orvieto, 12 N. Viterbo. 

Bagnerat de Caaipanj or en Bigvrrt^ t France, 
in Upper Pyrenees, on the Adour, at the foot of 
the Pyrenees. Pop. 6,000. Its bet mineral 



t4 



BAH 



Spring* anno Imi tea 32 in mimlMr, Bad vet 
machfreqiMnted. 11 dl & Tarbes, 460 S. 8. W. 
Parii. 

Bagnertt ie Lwhon^i. Fnunoe, in Upper Gm^ 
ronne, 60 ol 8. W. Toalouse. Pop. 1^60. 

Bagni detta PoretiOf y. Italy, 18 in. S. BolcMRia. 

Bagno^ t Italy, in Tnaeany, 28 m. N. £. Flor- 
ence. 

Boynofo, t Italy, territory of Venice, 8 m. 8. 
Brescia. 

Bagnohi t Italy, in Principato Ultra, IS m. W. 
Conza. 

Bagnols^ L Fraaoe, in Gard,22 m. N. £. Nismes. 
• P«k 4,800. 

Bagneuang^. 8ee Brntj/ouam. 

Bagolmo, t Italy, territory of Venioe, 24 m. N. 
Brescia. Pop. 3,000. ^^ 

Bacofies, r. Brazil, eoten the sea near Cape 
Frio, In lat »» 5' 8. 

Baganguenou^ 3 of the Lacadive islands. Lon. 
'TVB&B, Latll'N. 

BagroOf r. W. Africa, falls into the sea near the 
Mesurado. 

Bahama^ Cheats I$iand of^ one of the Bahamas, 
63 miles long and ^bout 9 broad ; 57 miles from 
the coast of £. Florida. The soil is fertile and 
well watered, and the climate pleasant, but the 
island is almost uninhabited. Lon. 78*' 10^ to 80^ 
24' W. Lat 28'40r to 27" 6' N. 

Bt^wma Channel^ or OuffofFhridoy the narrow 
sea between the coast of America and the Baha- 
ma islands, 135 miles lon^ and 46 brood. The 
currents here are most violent, and vcM*els are 
frequently wrecked in passing through this strait 

Bahama Banky Oreat^ a sand bank extending 
from near the island of Cuba lat 22" SC, to the 
Bahama islands lat 26" 15' N. A smaller bank of 
this name, lies If . of the island of Bahama. 

Bahamoff or Lueajfot IslandSj in the Atlantic 
ocean, opposite the coast of Florida, lying N. of 
Cuba and St Domingo, between 21" and 28" N. 
hit and 71" and 81 " W. Ion. They have been e«r 
timated at 500, bnt of these a great proportion 
are nothing more than cliffs and rocks. The prin- 
cipal are Bahama, Eleuthera, Ezuma, Provi- 
dence, Guanahani or St Salvador, and Turk^s 
Island. The climate is in general salubrious, 
Poa in 1803, 14,318 including 11,395 blacks. 

BoAar, a populous province in Mindoetan, be- 
tween 22" and 27" N. lat bounded N. by Nepaul, 
8. by Berar, W. by Oude and the Mohratta do- 
minioDB, and £. by Ben|;al. It is computed to 
contain 26,000 square miles, and is one of the 
most fertile and highly cultivated districts in In- 
dia, yielding every kind of grain, sugar, tobaixo, 
eottao, opium, and saltpetre. It is divklod into 
seven ooltectorships, in each of which is fix^ an 
En^iah Judge and magistrate. Its capital is Pat- 
na. 

Bator, t Hind. 35 m. S. £. Patna, formerly the 
oapital of the kingdom of Magadha, but now fallen 
to decay. Lon. 85" 37' E. Lat 25" 13' N. 

Bahar^ or JBasar, t Persia, in Kerman. 40 m. S. 
£. Sergian. 

Baharbund^ district, Qea^, W. of Brahma- 
pootra river. Its chief town is Oliapore. 

Bahar CaramofU or Lake of AiUMi^ Syria, 
through which passes the river Orontes. 27 m. 
N.£.Antiooh. 

Bahheii or Ba&eit^ t. in the Delta of f^^pt, 
where are the ruins of a magnifioeat marble tem- 
ple. 7 m. 8. 8. W. Afaasora. 



B AI 

BffAftfvia, a duster of Islfoda oa the 8. W. sad9 
of the Persian gulf, near the coast of Arabia. The 
principal, named Bahhrein, lies about t6 miles 
from the coast, in lat 96!'45'N. Apearl&hery, 
the richest and most productive in the worid, b 
conducted on an extensive scale at these isbmlsL 

Bahia da» Akkat^ bay, W. Africa. LaC 15* 
60*8. 

Bahda Farta, bay, Africa, 10 m. 8. Beagiiela. 

Bahin de ChUwnel, or Honaver 6<qf , on the E. 
side of Tocatan, ia the sea of Honduras. 

JSo^to, Honda^ port, Cuba, oa the N. side, with 
anchorage in 4 and 5 ftthoma. Lon. 83^ O' W. 
Lat2r58'N. 

' Bakia Longa, bar. West Afrksa. Lat lOT 
46' 8. 

Bakia de Tddet &mlef , province, Brasil, en a 
capacious bay of the same name. Its capital is St 
Salvador. It extends along the coast N. to the 
river 8t Fraadsco^ in Ut 1 1" 8. 

Bo^to, City o/. See ^1. Saitadar. 

Baking or Ri/^ the Arabian name of the Delta 
of Egypt, and tlie adjoining districts, east and west, 
on the Meditemaem. 

BaAoMn,isl. ia the Sodoo archipelago. Lea. 
190" 58' E. Lat 6" 9' N. 

Baho&Tf t Hind, m the Caiaatio^ 8bi. 8. Pea- 
dicherry. 

Bahrabad^ t Persia, in Khorassaa. 10 m. N. 
Sebsvar. 

BaJA, or Baiaif t Naples, in Terra di Lavoia, 
oa the site of the ancieat Bom, ia a bay of the golf 
of Naples. 1 1 m. W. Naples. 

Bmorfer Cope, the W. extremity of Luion. Loa. 
I«r40r£. Lat 18^ 4a N. 

BajMHmr^ t. Hind, in Baglaaa, on the Godavary, 
90m.E.Bahbelgong. 

Botos, or Bots^ t Syria, at the N. £. comer of 
the bay of Alexandietta, supposed to be the aa- 
dent /sttM in Cilieia ; 16m.from AlexandreUa. 

Bajatid. See BayaM. 

BoiftoeAta, t Sibena, on the Irtisch, 72 m. N. W 
Tare. 

Batdko, 2 rivers of Siberia, flowing into the Ta- 
ruchan, 32 and 56 m. N. W. Turucbansk. 

Baidehf valley, Egypt, at the N. extremity ef 
whidi is the city of Sues. 

Baikal^ a lake of Siberia, in Irkutsk, 366 miles 
lon^: from S. W. to N. £. and from 20 to 53 brtmd. 
This lake is navigated by the Russians for the pur- 
pose of carrying on their commerce with China. 
Loo. 104* to 1 10^ E. Lat 52" te 55" 41' N. 

Baikaiooa^ t Russia, in Kolhyvane, 112 S. S. £. 
Abakansk. 

BaiUm, v. Syria, on a steep dedivity of two 
mountains, 9 m. £. Alexandretta, 20 N. Antioeh. 
Hither the Europeans resident at Alexandretta re- 
sort during summer heats, fisr the salubrity of the 
air. 

BaHdat, t Eng. in Torkihire. Pop. I^OTa 3m. 
N. Bradfofd. i 

BaU^urg^ p-v. Surry co. Va. 

BaiHeborough, t, Irelaad, Cavan ca. Uteia is a 
pool on the top of a neighboring hill, cdebraied for 
Its efficacy in soorbutio cases. 14 m. 8. £. Gavaa. 
43 N.W.Dublin. 

BaOfee, t. France, m Mayanaa, 43 m. N. £. 
Chateaugontier, 18 m. 8. £. LavaL 

Bailleul^ or Bette, t France, on theLys. Pop. 
9/)00. Laige quantities of thread, lace, aad woo^ 
len stalls are maauiactured heia. 13 ai. W. ti.W. 
Lille ; one in La Manche ; one in Main-and-Loire; 
one m Oise, 8 m. £. N. £. Clennont ; another in 



B AK 

OcBA* 6«>N.AifMtea; UMtbarm Swdk^tSm. 
N.W.UFtecfae. 

Bni, t Fimnos, in Dle-and^VilaiiiA, 16 m. 8. 
IUBii»,MS.W.Vitie. Pop. 3,45a 

Jffiwiiiriffjr, trr rrrirftir. r ^ ^^ — n~| N.Y. 

20 m. S. Norwich. P6p. 2,29a 

JTainftriifjf, p-t Fnnklin 00. Alabuna. 

i;«titM^ p-t Rom co. Ohio, 18 m. 8. W. 
ChiUoolba. It rwntanw about i& hoaiw, a focyeand 
other Mils. PopuliS. Another^Gcauca 00. Pop.199. 

BmiMdge^ P^rt^ inlot on the N. W. coast of 
Amerifla. l^SUrO^E. LatSTSS'N. 

BoiMltet ▼• Fiediiioat,6 m. S» £. Coai, 8 W. & 
W. Mondori 

Bmm»^v,Fr9BfOt^ m £a8taniPyr0iinaes,15m.S. 
W. PerfoifDaD, Pop. 1,800; another in Voig^ai. 

Bom dcCeMftet, id. in the Caribbean tea. Lon. 

rraerw. Lat.is^ao'N. 

Bflte AiMH^ iiL inthe Caribbean tea* Lon. 78^ 
36^ W. Lat. 15* 54' N. 

Sntftf Com, on the N. W. coatt of Minorca. 
Loii.3*44^£. Lat4a*3'N. 

Baudot fmge^ p-T. finritt oa N. C 

Bw^timnh P^ umI cap. Nelson co. Kentookj, 
35 m. S. W. Frankfort, on a branch of Salt river. 
Fop. 8S1. It has a stone courthouse and jail* a 
duirchy and a market-hoota. Here it a Romatt 
Catholic College. 

JSatra. Sea Beira. 

Bi^onst, cape on the £. coatt of Africa. Lon. 
39* £. LaL W W 8. 

Bmrmtt^ at Bagreuik^ t-p. Syria, in the pachalic 
of Acre. There vas formeri^rfk harbor here which 
is now cboalpfid np with tandlrnd rubbish. This 
place it an emporium to which the Druses and 
Slaranilea send com, raw silk, and other products, 
and in retain reoeiTe rice, tobaeco, coffee, and 
tpeeie. Lon. 35*' 32^ £. Ut33'45'N. Pop. 7 
er84KN>. 

Boue, r. Franea, runs into the C^anmne, near 
AicuiUoa. 

Baaindb, t Palestine, the ancient BeeAM(trfB,3 m. 
from the lake TiberiaS| 22 blE. Acre. 

Bats, t Fnnoe, with 300 houses, 8 m. E. Maji- 
eme ; another in Upper Loire, near the Rhone, 
10 m. N. Viricrs. 

Bafer4Jifrica,ontheNile,27m.W.S.WJ>ongola. 

BaUrMmaUj onthe N. W. coast of America. 
Loo.938rttr£. Lat48<'39'N. 

Bdbefvm^t. Asia, in Karasn, on the Jihon, 115 
m.&E.^rkange. 

Bdfcrr's/afl^N.Y. inthe Hudson, at the bend, 
1 m. above Fort Edward. Thedetoent is 76 feet 
in the course of 60 rods. 

BmkerffUa, p-t. Franklin eo. Vt. on Mistisque 
river, 38 m. N. N. W. Montpelier. 

Baier'sisL Mast, off Salem harbor, 5 m. £. N. £. 
Salem. OniuN.endiialighthonta. 

Bmka's rtaer, N. H. rises in Mootehillook moun- 
tain and ram into the Merrimack at Plymouth. 

Adfat/amlCcp-v. Patrick 00. Va. 

Baktmeitf U Eng. in Derbyshire, near the ood- 
toewse of the Wye and Derwent Pc^. 1,485. 
25 m. N. Deiby. 

B^MMtMrat, or B«eta-Smn» t Ruttia, on the 
W. ride of the Crimea, 50 m. N.Cafla. Lon.33" 
fiTE. Lai.46rt0rN. It wat formerly thereaklenoe 
of the Khant, ud contained 90^000 inhabitanti ; 
bat in ISOO flwie were only 5,776, of whomS^N) 
wen Tkrtart, 1 4^ i«v^ and the rett Armeniant, 
«d Gffoeki. Hen f lauiiiftetaies of leatheri 
stdtOea^ silk Unfe wd entlery. 



B AL 



75 



fort, Rnttian IWtiry, in Cauouns, 
eo the W. tide of the Ural, 3t m. N. GureC 

Bakiegim, a salt lake of Persia, in Fart, about 75 
miles in circuit. It is neariy dry in the summer 
season, when a quantity of remarinbly fine lalt, 
left by evaporation, is collected from the liottom, 
and generally used throughout the province. 10 
m. 8. E. Shirai. 

Bohi, or BoAii, t and principality, Persia, in 
Shirvan, on the peninsula of Absharon, in the 
Caspian tea. It hat the beet harbor in the Cas- 
pian. It exportt cotton, fruit, opium, rice, rilk, 
wine, rock salt, and naptha. Kt principal trade 
is with Astracan. Petroleum it obtained in vast 
abundance from wellt about 8 milet from the 
town. They teem almost inezhauttible, tome of 
them yielding 1000 or 1500 pounds daily. They 
areoften dried up; but the naptha generally r»> 
apoeart after an mterval of a few montht. This 
tubstanoe is used by the natives as a substitute for 
lamp oiL All around Baku the country is deeply 
impregnated with inflammable matter, both above 
and under the surfaoe. The earth seems over- 
spread with fire. The city and principality ^ere 
fonnerly much retorted to by the Guebret, or fife 
worshippers. They had templet built of ttone, in 
one of which a blue lambent flame issued from a 
laige hollow cane near the altar; and this the de- 
votees of that sect briieved would subsist at long 
as the world remained. Thit country has been in 

riettion of the Rutttant tinoe 1801. Lon. 5r 7 
Lat.4«»22'N. 

Baia^ t Wales, Merioneth eo. on the lake Bote 
Pooi^ by the natives named L^yn-TUd. 

Baiaba, t. Africa, in Bambanu Lon. 4* lO' W. 
Lat. 13'35'N. 

BtUabac^ isl. in the Eastern seas, 18 miles longi 
by 6 broad; 8. Palawan. Lon. 117*' lO^E. Lat 
8"N. 

Baiabea, isL in the Pacific, off the W. eoast of 
New Caledonia. Lon. 164^ tT E. Lat. 90^ T 8. 

Balaehnoj t Ruttia, in Nishnei-Noygorod, on 
the Wolga. Pop. 54M0. 18 m. W. N. W. Niih- 
nei-Novgorod, 120 E. 8. E. Petersburg. 

BalaganAoi, L Ruttia, 30 m. N. N. W. Ir- 
kutsk. 

Bo/^fuer, t 8pahi, in Catalonia, on the Segre. 
Pop. 3,700. 63 m. N. W. Barcelona. 

Balagtier, Col de^ past, on the 8. E. eoatt of Cat- 
alonia, commanding the high road fixmi Taragonii 
to the mouth of the Ebro. 

BoteteiM, orBafaUaeaJ, t-p. Ruttia, en the 8. 
W. point of the Crimea. Lon.33* UE. Lat44* 
35' N. 

Balambangan^ isl. in the Eastern teat, between 
Borneo and Marindano, 14 milet long, aiid 3 to 6 
broad. 15 m. from Borneo. Lon. 1 17" 5' E. Lat 
r»15'N. 

Balambiuan^ diitrict in the 8. E. of Java, on the 
ttraits of Bally. The trade in pepper once carried 
on here it transferred to Bagnouangay, 15 milea 
north. Lon.lUoaS'E. LatS'Sd'S. 

Baktntey t Frtnoe, in Herault, IS m. fr. Mont- 
pelier. 

BaUuehof^ t Ruttia, 90 m. W. Saratov, 6348. 
E. 8t Petenbuig. Lon. 43* 14' E. Lat bV* 

Bdtefefe,»-p.Hiiid. inOritsa. It it in Balasore 
roadt that the Cakntta pilott wait the arrival of 
vettels. 110 m. 8. W. Calcutta. Lon.87*a3r£. 
Lat 3^31' N. 

Bo/alWi, Wke, Hungary, &m. & Stnhl-Weipiea- 



w 



B AL 



bing, Mulf 40ailM lQi«,«aa froB 1 to 4 bMd. 
Hm AoBtma gonenmieBt propoM to unite thw 
lake with the Daanbe by a oanal. 

Baibatirp, t. SpeiiM in Arragon, near the eonaoz 
of theVeroaadCinoet 90 m. E. N. £. Swngowa. 
Pop* 6/100. 

Ba»9e^ eneienayfieliMMlif, the •City of the 
Sun,' in Syria, oelebfated for its magnificent mini. 
Bitfary has pie s wvtd no aocount of this pbtcoy 
or of its origmal inhabitants. The splendid ra- 
ins of the tnnple of the Son, which still remain, 
shew that it was foimerly adorned with all the 
embellishments of architectore. The stones com- 
posing the walls of this temple are of enormoatf 
aiie. Many of them arefrom 28 to 35 feet long 
end 9 deep, and one is 59 feet long and 12 deep. 
Itis40nLN.N.W.Damasoas. Lon. SOMl' £. 
Lat. 34* V N. Pop. in 175U 5*000 ; in 1784, 
1,200. 

Bf^biU* See BoUett 

^0%, T. £ng. in Yorkshire. Im. 8. W. Don- 



Baknmh s-p. Scotland, on Solway frith, 10 m. 
£.S.E.Creadbright 

JSoMUeimfltot, t. Siberia, in Irkatsk, 140 m. S. 
W. Doroninsk. 

BMEagk^t. Pa. ransN. E. 44 miles, throuch 
Mifflin and Lycoming counties, and falls into the 
west branch of the Sosquehannah. 

BtM Eagky mountains, Jiedford oo. Pa. Baid 
£tt& Dailies on the east side. It is 5 miles wide, 
and the bottom is a bed of limestone. In the lime- 
atone are worn vast piti 300 feet de^ a cave wide 
enoogfa to admit a large shallop with her sails 
spread, and channels anoBr the stfrfeoe of the sroond 
seyeral miles long, through which the largest 
atreamsof the valley pass. 

BMEagkji.C&xtteco,?9^ Pop. 685. 

BtM EagUj i. Lycoming co. Pa. Popb281. 

BaUkek, ▼. Switaerland, 9 m. N. Lucerne. 

Balderunt, t. Prussian granddntchy of the Lower 
Rhine, 36 m. S. W. Coblenta. 

Baidenburg^ t West Prussia, 65 m. S. S. W. 
Dantzic. 

BaUem, U Wirtemberg, 1 m. S. S. E. Zobing. 

BaU Head, the S. W. point of Wells Bay, 
Maun. Lon.70'36'W. Ut43"N. 

Bald Head, the S. W. end of Smith's island at 
flie mouth of Cape Fear river, N.C. It has a light- 
house, 84 m. N. W.by N. from Frying-Pan-Shoals. 
Lon. 78* ly W. Ut. 3^61' N. 

Bald Head^ a promontory about 400 feet high, 
on the S. W. coast of New Holland, at the mouth 
of King George's sound. Lon. 118* £. Lat 35** 

BaU Heady point, on the N. W. coast of Amer- 
ica, in Norton sound. Lon. 198° 18' £, Lat 64" 
43' N. 

BaUima. BeeFaldivia. 

BaU MaunUdnt, a part of the Alleghany ridge, 
on the E. border of I'ennessee. 

Baldodc, t. Eng. Hertfordshire, 38 m. N. Lon- 
don. Pop. 1,438. 

Baldwin, p-t Cumberland co. Maine, 26 m. N. 
W. Portland. Pop. 1,120. 

Baldmnville, p-L Onondaga co. N. Y. 

Baldwin, oo. Geo. on the Oconee, in the centre 
of the state. Chief tMiltoOgeville. Pop. 6^665. 
Slaves, 3,042. Engaged in agriculture 1,960, in 
manufactures 13. 

Baldwin^ co. Alabama, at the junction of Alaba- 
ma and Tombigbee rivem Chief t Fort Stod- 



B AL 

dart Pop. 1,713. Sieves, 1 Ml. Engaged in ag- 
riculture, 486. 

BaldwinmrilUf p-v. Columbia eo. Geo. 

Bale, Baele, or Baailf canton, Switaeriand, ex. 
tending from the Rhine on the N. to the canton a£ 
Soleure on the S. It contains 187 square miles, 
and 37/)00 inhabitants. 

Bale, cap. of the canton of Bale, and the laigeet 
town in Switaerland, lies on the Rhine, iriiich di- 
vides it into two unequal parts, joined togelber by 
a bridge of 600 feet in length. The univenity 
founded here in 1459, has an excellent Itbcary, a 
cabinet of medals, and botaaiegarden. The man- . 
ufectures are silk ribbons, sflk stofis, cotton, paper, 
linen, and gloves. Here was held a femotts eccle- 
siastical council, between the years 1431 and 1444 
A missionary Seminary is established here. The 
tenn of study is three years. The nomber of 
8tudenUinl815was30L Loo.T'SrE. Lat. 4r 
40^ N. Pop. IS/WO. 

Bale, formerly an independent bishopriek, 
bounded E. by the canton of Bale, S. by Solo- 



thuro, and W. by France. It contained 490 
aquare miles, and about 40^0 inhabitants. The 
nett revenue was valued at MfiCOL sterHi^, to 
which the mines contributed between ^fiOOL and 
4fi00l, It is now included principelly in the can- 
ton of Berne, but partly in Bale, Neufcfaatel, and 



Bakmatdm, t Hind, on the ooest of Malabar, 
15 m. N. N. W. Tellicherry. 

Balearie Mandt, in the Mediteiraneen, off the 
east coast of Spain. The principal are Majorca, 
Minorca, and Cabrera. They he from N. E. to 
S. W. and have Ivksa, and the other Pithyusse isl- 
and8ontheS.W. 

Baleamar, isL in the Eastern Indian sea. Lon. 
l28-ir£.Ut7»l8'a 

Balfir9H,y, Scotknd, Stirling ca 92 m. N. G]a». 
gow. Pop. 1,906. 

Balfroih, t. Persia, in Macanderan, is about a 
mile and a half in circuit fO m. W. Fefaimbad. 
Lon.52"40'E. Lat35*'55'N. 
- . Balga, V. castle, and bailiwick, Prussia, 24 m. 
S. W. Konigsbeig. 

Balgaon^ t Hind, in Dowlatabed, 15 m. N. W. 



Baihary, t and district, Hind, is Mysore, on the 
Nassory, 187 m. N. Seringapatam. 

Bali, or LUUe Jata, one of the Sunda islands, 
separated from Java by the straits of Bally. It is 
about 75 miles long by 40 broed. Rioe ta pro- 
duced in great quantities here ; also tofaaoeo, ott, 
and salt The island is divided into eigfatdistriets, 
and each has an independent chieC Pop. esti- 
mated at 200^)00. Lon. 115** £. LatfrtnaS^to 
9*S. 

Baliabadfi* See Palrat. 

BaHkem, t A. Turkey, in Natolia, 52 m. N. E. 
Persamo. Lon. 27'' 54' £. Lat 39" 4Sr N. 

BaUneailaeh, cape, on the N. W. coast of Ben- 
becula, one of the Hebrides. 

Balingen, t Wirtembeig, in Upper Neckar, 10 
m. N. E. RothweU, 36S. Stutgard. Pop. 3^)0. 

BalUf r. Syria, flows into the Enphntes near 

BMe, t Syria, on the Euphntea, SO m. £. 
Aleppo. 

^olsse, the main pass itttotbe mouth of the Mis- 
sissippi, 106 m. below New-Orleans. It is 20 mdes 
SI and has 16 feet water on the bar. Chittiid- 
at the N. side of the pais is a fort. 



B AL 

»f. 9. AflMviBiiy inTacMia, fiUb into 
tfattayarHoiMluni, in loo. 9V 15' W. kL 14' SOT 
N. Oto its builtttlieEqi^iflh have their priiwiiMi 
arttWiAiiwnti for eattiiig down OMhogMiy, some 
of whieli M« 90O miles abovie the maath of the 



B AL 



»7 



, s-p. at the raoath oC the abcnre rirer. 

Seifc. BmBidkk. 

jyaitw, the endant JJoeiiiff, iBoiiiitaiii% Eil 
Tutey* wliieh sepente Romania from Bulgaria. 

BelbM, bny^onthe E. coast of the Canian ma. 
Uft.9ir46'l«. 

BnAcstLHind. in Beder, 16 m. W. N. W. Be- 
te,49N,£.Kalbeq;ah. Lon.7rS9 £. Lat IT 

wn. 

iMZ»T.Ii«laiid,lfayo oo. 107 m. W. Dnblin* 
Bella, t. Boelan, S6 m. fi. Beyfaar. 
BmUaieta. SeeBeAiAea. 
BmUmJmmtt itiaits, be t wee n Jara and Bali itl* 
aads. They are 5 or 6 leagues wide, and of intri- 



t Syria, in the desert, 140 m. E. N. £. 



Pmmt^ the a W. eapeofCarlinford 
bay,«AtheE.eoastofbreland,inLoiith co. 11 m. 
&E.liewry. Lon.e»4rW. Let 53* SIT N. 

Baiii|g%, V. Iielend, Lendonderfy eo. 18 m. S. 
Csleniae. 

BaanUrae, t. Seotland, Ayrshira, S8 m. S. 8. W. 
kjr. 

BefiqMl^t.Himl.iBtfae Camatie, 12 m. W. 



>4 



t Newlbmidhuiid. Lon. ST Se* W. 



LBL4(r55' 

ff e fl is nr fPe«tf,aeKpeontheW.coast oflre- 
hed^Oareoo. Loo.9*3S'W. Lat6r42rN. 

BflOa^ F. on the left bank of the Nile, Upper 



i«[pt, 10 m. & Dendenu 
ffnflesmsigftma, isL 



in the 800I00 archipelacob 
Lm.tWO^E. Lat.S-lO'N. 

t. Wirtemberg, in Gazt, t m. N. W. 



^ t in fiallenstedt ooonty, Gennany, 
n the psincipality of Anhalt-Berabarg. 18 m. 
& W.Benibnff, 87 N. E. Nordhaoaen. Lon. 11* 
f9E. Lnt.6r46'N. Pop.9,50a 

y, T. fVanoe, on the Drome,? m. S. S.W. 
,18 8. Caen. 

t. iretead, Wertmeath 00. lOnuN. 



Aelims,! Ireland, Mayo co. 6 m. 8. KiUala. 

E a Oi m K m irij f , Pmnt^ the N. cape of Dannaryaa 
key, en tba& coast of Ireland, Waterford CO. 4ni. 
LDm%siwsn. 

Rirffanfctnfft.T. frdand^Dewn CO. 18 m. a BeU 



t. Ireland, Qneeas CO. 14 m. W. Caiv 



!flMer, on the W. coast of Ireland, 
«m.H.W.Galway. Lon.9*58rW. Lat53^ 

iMiMMkitsr, bay on the a W. eo^st of Ireland. 
LaB.18rrW. Lat51*46'N. 

JJaBfiiMsiit, t faeland, Qalwayeo. on the W. 
bnikorflmSiMk. Here ii held a fidr for catde 
dDm.W.Galway. 
, t Iretaod, Mayo CO. 15 m. a Caslie* 



T.Mfamd,ABhrim«o.80B.N. Bal- 



id. in the 800)00 arohipehtto. Lon. 

isr5rs.Lit.e*3VN* ^ 



B«Bon,tFnune,«iiheOrae, 16 a. 6* Alio* 
COD. Pop. 3,56a 

Botton, t France, in Lower-Chareate, 9 m. a 
E. La Roehelle. 

BoJUsn, p-t. and cap. 8arato«;a eo. N. T. 88 m. 
N. Albany. Fop. 8,407. It ronfaine a ooaft-hoase« 
an academy, and 6 hoosm for pnblie worship. 

Batt$UniSpa^ p>v. partly in Ballston, bat chisfty 
in Milton, Saratoga 00. N. T. 86 m. N. Albany, in 
a beantiftil and remantie sitnalion. V<x^ 14I09. 
It has a coort-hoQse. two printing-offiQes, a book* 
•tors : with which is connected a circulating U-^ 
brary and a reading-room; an academy, and t 
houses for pablie wonhip, one for Episcopalians, 
and one ibr Baptists. This place is fomoos for its 
minenl waten, which are mnch frequented by 
the gay and foshionable during the months of July 
and AngusL Henee, in addition to toTeral inns, 
there are three laige boarding-houses eaqpresaly 
designed for the accommodation of itrangers. In 
the summer of 181^8,600 persons visitMf these 
springs, of iriiom more than 1,800 were from the 
rtates south of New Torfc. The waters possess a 
stimulating and refreshing quality. Under the 
exhaustion of heat and fotigne, nothing can be 
more egreeable and reviving to the system. As 
a powerful remedy also in many diseases, they are 
well known and highly celebrated. Letters in- 
tended for persons residmc at the springs, should 
be directed to Ballston-^w, as tfiere is anoUier . 
post-offioe in the town of Ballston, at some dis- 
tance from the Tillage. 

BaUmriUe, p-T. Powhattan ca Va. 48 m. N. W. 
Ricbmood. 

BeUunfee^ t Hind, in Orism, 13 m. aE. Cat- 
tack. 

BuOybtigy T. Ireland, m. 8. Monaghan. 

BaUjfetmo€% or BaO^fcmnow^ t. Ireland, Wex« 
ford CO. 6 m. a Newborouefa* 

BtUiifcoatie^ s-pu Ireland, Antrim 00. 30 m. N. 
Antrim. 

Btd^o&Umi^ isl. in St Geone's channel, on the 
8. W. coast of Ireland, 4 m. fr. Cloyne. Lon, 7* 
68' W. Lat.5r50'N. 

Baiijiimtgm Btof^ on the S. W. coast of Ire« 
land. Lon. 10" W. Ut 5r 35' N. 

BaUjfdowUn Bay^ on the 8. W« coast of Ireland* 
Lon. y 38^ W. Lat. 51* 87' N. 

BiOty^ Bay, on the W. coast of Irebnd, 18 m. 
a £. Soath-Arran islands. Lon.lTaO'W. Lat. 
5r 53* N. 

BatMeru Pointy cape, Ireland, on the coast of 
Down.lLon.5'83'W. Lat54<'33'N. 

BtU^lgawiyi r. Ireland, Tyrone co. 74 m. from 
Dublin. 

BaUygdhf Head^ cape, Ireland, on the E. coast 
Lon.5<'44'W. Lat54»64'N. 

Bo^ftoMra, ▼. Ireland, 81 m. N. Cork. 

Bat^fhayi^ t Ireland. Cavan 00. 59 m. fr. Dublin. 

BaUykS^ ^t^KertyHtad. 

BmO^myy isL near the W. coast of Ireland. 
Lon. 10^16- W. Lat53'83'N. 

Bol^mene^ t Ireland, in Antrim co. en the 
Maine. Pop. 840a 80 m. N. W. Belfost 
. Baaymongj t. Ireland, Antrim ca 83 m N. 
Antrim, 30 E. Londonderry. Pop. 1,800. 

Bel^ragtoi Bay, on the W. coast of Ireland. 
Lon.9^6'W. LatSS^TN. 

Bd^yetomen, s-p. Ireland, Donegal co. on a bay 
ut the mouth of the Eme, 40 m. S. W. London- 
deiry. 



T8 



B AL 



B AL 



Bflbie, t SaToy, 6 m. N. W. AmMcy. 

Bahnerim^ v, Scotland^ FiiiBahire, on tlie & 
bulk ortlieT^7,8in. N. W. St Andrewi. 

BaMaA;y<e, T. Scotland, in a bay OB MM W. oMut 
ofLawisialaiMl, one oftheHetridM. Lod.7'3' 
W. LatSS'^d'N. 

Buitngo^ 3 islands in the bay of Bengal, near 
the coast of Arracan. Lon. 98" to 93* SO* E. Ut 

ir«yto«a"5'N. 

Baktmii B«gr, on the E. eoatt of Colonsay, one 
of the Hebrides. Lon. (T T W. Lat 66* 6' N. 

Buitat^ t Peru* in Chaohapojras, on the £. tide 
of the Amason, 40 m. N. Cazamarea. Lat 6* 

Baimra. See BoMtora. 

BaUover, See Boberer. 

BaUUd^ t Switzerland, 10 m. N. E. Solotham. 

BaUOj or jBaAa, t Eu. Russia, cap. of a circle 
in Podolia, ontheKadyma, fl6m. N. N.E. Bender. 

fio/la, one of the smaller S h et lan d islands, near 
the E. coast of Unst Lon.4*2'W. Lat.OI^TN. 

BaUoiek^ ▼. Russia, in Caucasas, on the left of 
the river Terek, 6 m. fr. Waldikawkas. 

BnUehimkuL See B/odfc 5ml 

BalHe Per/, or Rogermekj s-p. Russia, in Re- 
Tel, on Roog^ island, at the influx of the Padis into 
the Baltic, 38 m. W. Revel, 150 N. Ri|a. 

Baliie 5ea, a well known inland sea in the north- 
west of Europe. It begins at the Danish islands 
of Zealand and Funen, and is formed by the coasts 
of Denmark, Germany, Prussia, Russia, and Swe- 
den. It extends beyond 65* N. lat being above 
600 miles in length, and varying from 75 to 150 in 
breadth. Its surface contains about 190,000 
square miles. The flatness. of the Prussian shore, 
with the ruggeAMss of that of Sweden, and above 
all, the sudden changes in the state of the winds, 
and the violent storms, render this sea very dan- 
gerous for navigators. It is frozen for about three 
months every year, so as to prevent navigation al- 
together ; in the south, the melting of the ice takes 
place m April ; but in the eulfs of Bothnia and 
Finland, it is seldom dissolved till the end of 
May. There are three passages from the Catte- 
gat into the Baltic— the Sound, the Great Belt, 
and the Little Belt ; of these, the most frequent- 
ed is the Sound. At each a toll ii paid for the 
purpose of maintaining lighthouses. The num- 
ber of vessels which passed the Sound in 1816, was 
8,871. 

Baltvmre^ t. Ireland, Cork co. 13 m. S. Bantiy. 

BaUimort^ t Windsor co. Vt 11 m. S.W. Wind- 
sor. Pop. in 1810, 907. 

BaUimorc, hundred, Sussex oo. Delaware. Pop. 
«,057. 

Baliimmt^ ca Md. on the W. aide of Chesa- 
paake bay, N. of Patapseo river. Chief t Balti* 
more. Pop. exclusive ci the city and its precincts, 
33,463 ; slaves, 6,7:20 ; engaged in agriculture 
7,746, in commerce 102, in manufactures 1,994 

BaUmortn city, and port of entry, Baltimore oo. 
Maryland, is on the N. side of Pataieoo river, 14 
Biiles from its entrance into Chesapeaka bay ; 38 
m. N. E. Washington, 100S.W. Philadelphia, 160 
& W. New York, 400 S. W. Boston, 160 N. E. 
Richmond, 230 £. S. E. PitUban, 590 N. N. £, 
Charleston. Lon. 76* 36^ W. Lat 38* 17' N. 
Pop. of the city and precincts, in 1790, 13,508 1 
in 1800, 96,514; in 1810^ 46,555; and in 1890^ 
68,738, of whom 3,966 were slaves. 

Baltimore is well situated for commerce. . It it 
fwnaccted by good tnmpike roads with various 



parts of Pa mw y l vania,<Bd wittt Uia aavi|a1ile wa- 
ters which nia into the Ohio. It possessBs the 
trada of Maryland, and of a |reat portifB of tfate 
badE ooontry of Pennsylvania, and tlie •w^ 



country of Pennsylvania, 
States. In amount of shipping, it is the third city 
in the Union. The number of tons in 1815 was 
101,960. The axpotts in 1811 amonntiwt to mora 
than^W^OOa The growth of the city has been 
remarkably rapid. In 1790, the amount of ship- 
ping was onlv 13,564 tons, and the pt^wlaftioQ in 
1770, was only 300. 

The dty u built around a bay, which sets up 
from the north side of the Patapseo, and aflbrde a 
spacious and convenient hubor. The ttrsut 
which connects the bay with the river is very 
narrow, scarcely a pistol shot across, and is w^ 
defended by Fort M'Henry. A small river, catted 
Jones' Falk, empties into the north aide of the 
harbor, and divides the city into two paits, called 
the town and FeU^ point, which an ooonecied by 
bridges. At Fell's point, the walar is deep 
enough ibr vessels of 500 or 600 tons, bat nooe 
lanrer than 900 tons can go up to the town. 

Baltimore contains the State peoiteotiary ; the 
city and county almshouse ; a court-lMNise ; a 
museum ; a theatre ; a custom-house ; a hospital, 
in which there is a fine ooUaction of anatomical 
preparations in wax ; an eaohange, an immwiy 
edifice recently erected; 3 asarket-boases ; 10 
banks, 31 houses of public worship, 5 for Roman 
Catholics, 5 for Episcopalians, 5 for Methodists, 3 
for Baptists, 9 for Presbyterians, 9 for Datoh Re- 
formed, 9 for Seceders, 9 for Friends, 1 for Luthe- 
rans, I for Independents, I for Dunkers, 1 for Uni- 
tarians, and 1 for Swedenboqgians. 

A marble monument to the memory of General 
Washington has been recently erected, on an ele- 
vation at the north end of Charles-street Tlie 
base is 50 feet square, and 93 feet high, on which 
is another square of about half the extent and ele- 
vation. On this is a lofty column, 90 feet in di- 
ameter at the base, and 14 at the top^ On the sum-, 
mit of this column, 163 feet from the ground, the 
statue of Washington is to be placed. 

The Battle Monument, erected to the memory 
of those who feU in bravely defending their city 
from the attack of the British on the 19th and 13th 
of Sept 1814, is a handsome structure of stone, sit- 
uated on a large square in North Calvert-street 
The names of the persons are to be inscribed on the 
colunm. 

The city is generally well built The houees 
are chiefly of brick; many of them are handsome, 
and some splendid. The principal street is Mark- 
et or Baltimore street, 86 feet wide. It runs near- 
ly eastand west, parallel with the harbor, and is 
intersected b^ others at right angles. BaMiaore 
is supplied with water taken from the Jones* frUa, 
and conveyed to reservoirs, whence it is distriba- 
tad to every part of the city. North and East of 
the city, tiM land rises to a considerable elevatioo, 
fixMn wiuoh there is a noble view of the city and 
harbor. 

r There are several literary institutieiis in this 
aity. A Medical College was fiiunded in 18OT. 
In 1819 the institution was enlarged, and received 
a new charter. It is now styled the Univanaty of 
Maryland, and embraces the departments of la&« 
guages, arts, aoianeee, medicine, law, and divinity. 
The medical department has 6 Professors, and iiMa 
a very flouriahini^staie. The professors^ the oth- 
er dafvrtBMOts anneralynoninaL Hie baiMiiaga 



BAM 



BAN 



7» 



^Ye aooaBaBodnUditt for 600 itiidaits. 6t Ma« 
Tj*% CoBflge has a valuable library, a chemical 
mad pinloMpliMal apparatus, and aboat 150 ttu* 
deots. Ba]tiiiiof« college has 2 instmetors, and 
about SO itQdMts. 

iBolftn^Jott, t Irelaiid, Wicklow CO. SO m. S. W. 
Dahlia. 

Botarte, lake, ttnstia, in Orenbnrr, 143 m. S. 
W.UplM. LQa.5r4'E. LatfiQPN. 
BolMdUffan. See Se/oodkiilen. 
Boire, or Boina, t. Pnisrian States, in the dutchy 
of Weatpbalia, on the Hohn, 10 m. S. W. Arens- 
' g,38H.E.Cdlogiie. 
See^Mim. 

Bamftoy the largest and richest province of Con- 
go, W«A Africa. Itesxtends along the coast aboot 
150 miles, from the river Ambriz to the Coansa. 
The city of fiamba is upwards of70 leagues in the 
ioterior. Lob. 13r sr E. LatrS'S. 

Jgiiisilaiia, a kuree and powerful Idn^om of 
CeoCral Africa, on both sides of the Niger, be- 
tween Kaarta on the west, and Tombuctoo on the 
cost The inhabitants eonsist of a mixture of 
Moors and N^roes. The trade with the coast is 
earned on fay travelUng merchants ; that with 
Bartmrj, by the Moors, across the desert Its cap- 
BtsliaSi^ 

Bmmkergf Ibrmerly a bishoprick and principali- 
tj rfFranoonia, now included in the Bavarian eir- 
el» of the Maine and the Rent Pop. 207^000. 
Extent, lylSO sq. miles. It yidds a revenue of 
ISO^WXML flieriing. 

B€Bmberg<t the capital of the circle of the Maine, 
in Bavaria, is on Uie Regnitz, which enters the 
Maine a little below the town. It has a cathedral, 
which It a vast Gothic edifice ; and a university 
which posse sics agood library and museum of nat- 
ural hietory. 30 m. N. N. W. Nuremberg. Lon. 
UrSS'E. Lat.49''53'N. Pop.20jOOO. 

Bambanmghy v. Eng in Northumberland, on 
the sea. coast, with a castle dose to the sea shore, 
5m.E.Belford. 

Boei&oMQft, the ancient Magogs or fiteropolu, 
eity, Syria. It was of an irr^ular form, envi- 
roned by walk, entered by 4 gates. The remains 
of sevMal ancient structures and sculptures are 
still seen. 60 m. fr. Alnypo. 

Bafli6e«fc, kingdom ofCentral Africa, lying be- 
tween ttie Senegal and Gambia, on the £. bank 
of the Faleme, and S. of the kingdom of Gallam. 
It is about 100 miles frtmi N. to 5. and 80 fromE. 
to W. It appears to be the main souroe of that 
large quantity of gold, which is on one side con- 
veyed down the (Sunbia and Senegal, and on the 
otho-acnnB the desert into Barbery. The inhab- 
itants axe mostly of the Mending race, and profess 
Mahometanism. 

BaiiMbaten,t A. Turkey, in Natolia, 13 m. N. 
OmirigiTi 

^gmeneiai, isl. off the coast of Chittayong, in 
BengaL Here is an extensive manufeicture of 
mlt. 

Besnon, city, Persia, on the S. W. side of the 
Hindoo Khoosh mountains, 100 m. N. W. Cabul, 
170 S. & E. Balk. The city is cut out of the 
mountain, and is said to consist of 12,000 diambers 
orrecesMa. Lon.66"57£. Lat34<'30^N. 

BonunalBse, t Bambanra, in Africa, on the Ni- 
ger, at the cataracts. The town carries on a 
rtradeinsalt 180 m. & W. Sego. LQ0.6"48r 
LatlS'fiOrN. 
B4anom t Ava,o& the Irrawaddy, 170 nu N« 5* 
E Ammerapore. 



BoMplOfi^ or BtfN^ploR m the Bmh^ t £ng, in 
Oxfordshire, 10 m. fr. Oxford. Pop. 1,233. 

Bamptmif t Eng. in Devonshire, 6 m. N« Tiver- 
ton. Pop.l,4S2. 

Banaghan, t Ireland| King's co. on the Shan- 
non, 15 m. S. Athlone. 

Bana^tmpiUjfy v. Hind, celebrated for its dia- 
mond mines. 12 m. W. NundiaL Lon. 79" £. I^it. 
W«|'N. 

Banbury, t Eng. Oxford co. 82} m. N. Oxford^ 
75N. W.Londcm. Pop. 2,841. 

Banco, island, in the Indian sea, about ISO milef 
lonf, and 40 or 60 broad, separated from Snma-' 
tra by the straits of Banoa. A vast quanti^ of 
tin is obtained from mines situated in leven difier- 
ent places, which are said to be worked by a colo- 
ny of about 10,000 Chinese. From 133 pounds ef 
ore, 75 pounds of metal are obtained ( and the to- 
tal produce of the mines amoimts to four millions 
of pounds annually. It formerly belonged to the 
king ol Palembangan, but was ceded to the Britisli 
in 1812. In 1814, the British oeded it to HoUand 
in exchange for Cochin. It was formerly almost 
uninhabiti^, except by miners and pirates^ It has 
about 80^)00 inhabitants. Lon. 106^ IS'^lOO*' 40^ 
E. Lat r27'-^4'8. 

BaneOf Straiti ^, between the island of Suma- 
tra on the W. uid that of Banca on the £. It is 
about 102 miles in length. 

Banea, isL off the N. E. extremity of Celebesw 
Lon. 126" £. LatrsO'N. 

Banoaha^ isL in the straits of Malacca. Loik 
10r64rE. Latr 38^19. 

BanttqtouTf t Hind, in Bejapoor, 50 m. E. Dar- 
war. Lon. 75'' 10' E. Lat 14" ^ N. 

Baneaj^mtr, t Hind, in Mysore, 106 m. N. W. 
Seringapatam. 

Bofwan, r. Africa, falls into the CoQgo from 
theN. 

Boneo, t S. America, in Carthagena, on tba 
Masdalena. 

Bantoek, or Fon^ t Siam, 15 or 16 m. from th« 
sea, on the E. side of the river Meinam. Lon. 101* 
10^ E. Latl3°40'N. 

Baneot, islands on the N. W. coast of Hoodu* 
fas. Lon. 84" 46^ W. Lat 15" 24^ N. 

BananU, r. Hind, rises in the Ghaut moontaina 
and fells into the soa, near fort Victoria. 

Baneaui^ or fWi FieioHa, isL Hind, on the 
coast of Concan, with a good harbor, 70 m. & 
Bombay. Lon.72"65rE. Latl7"5<rN. 

Banda hiand$% a group of islands, about 130 a. 
£. S. E. Amboyna. They are ten in number ; 
and covered with rich black soiL None of them 
are large. Pop. 5,763, of whom oi^y 119 are Eu* 
ropeans. Lantoir is only 8 miles long, by 2i 
broad, and Neira, the next in importance, 2i miles 
loQg, by } of a mile broad. The chief produce of 
the Banda islands is nutmegs, for the cultivation 
of which Neira, Lantoir, Pulo Ay, and Pulo Ron- 
do, are laid out in parks car plantations* Each 
tree produces about ten pounds yearly. The to- 
tal quantity produced in the four islands, was for- 
ueriy estimated tl 3504X)0 pounds of nutmeg an- 
nnaUy, and lOO^OOO pounds of mace. The culti* 
vation is only aUowed in four of the islandSk In all 
the others, care is taken to extirpate the tree ; 
and in those islands where the nutmeg is cultiva- 
ted, the trade is held under a strict monopoly. 
These iilands draw a large Mrtion of their pro* 
visions fromBatavia. The Dutch were the fint 
European occupiers of the Banda iilands ; but iis 
1796 the British took possession of them without 



80 



BAN 



reiifltuiMk Hiey were mtored in 1801 ; as^in 
eaptared in 1810« and again restored at the mneFal 
peace of 1814 To the Banda archipelago belong 
7 ialaiidi to the 8. W. the diief of which ii Kiasar. 
These contain (eaoept the Aaron ialandi) a6|S06 
inhabitanti. Lon. 190" E-Lat 4*9X8. 

BandeU^ t. Bengal, 2 m. above Hoogly . 

Bander Abatn, See Chmbenon. 

Baniaai^ bay, on the W. coast of Mexico, bo> 
tween Cape Comentet and Tintoqne point Lat 

Ba$idi,LA&k^ in Lower Gainea, on an idand 
At the mouth of Bandi rivar. 

JtomiiMJ/^^mtf, at the & entrance of the straits 
ofLomboek. Lon. llS'SS'E.LatS'saS. 

Btmdmbridge^ U Ireland, Cork co. on the river 
Bandon. Linens, camblets, and coarse woollen 
atolls are mannfiuBtnred here. 13 m. from Cork 
Poo. 14,190. 

Bandora^ t Hind, on the islandofSalsette,6 
V. N. Bombay. 

Btmee^ isL m the English channel, 3 olS. W. 
Ushant. Lon.4*55'W.Lat48'S5'N. 

Btadf^ a maritime county of Scotland, bounded 
N. by HuRar frith, 8. and £. by Aberdeen co. 
and W. hj Elgin and Inrerness. It contains OSS 
square mues, and 36,068 inhabitants. 

Banff, s-p. Scotland, in Banff co. at the mouth 
of the Derevon, where there is an indiflerent bar* 
hour, owing to the shifting of sand banks. 44 m. 
N. W. Aberdeen. Lon.rzs' W. Lat 57*38' N. 
Po|x2300. 

Bttngahre^t, Hind, in M^re, formerly the 
capital of a kingdom. Its pincipid manufiustures 
ere woollen cloths, and silk. A great trade is 
carried on in bdd-nnt, Uadr pepper, and sandal- 
wood. The situation is healthy, being elevated 
about 3^000 ftet tbore the level ciihm sea* 74 m. 
N. E. Seringapatam, 210 W. Madras. Lon. 77* 
40'E.Latir5rN. 

Banm, a duster of islands in the Mdlooea pas- 
Me. Lon. 124° 15'E. Lat 1*45^ 8. 

if«Btto, id. near Siam. Lon. 96* 42'E. Lat 7* 
48rN. 

Boiler, city and bishop*s see, Wales, in Caer* 
lUurvoiuhiML on a bay in die Menai straits, 251 m. 
Iff. W. London. Pop. of the parish, 2,303. 

Bangor^ V. Wales, in Flintshire, on the Dee. 
^ Bangor, t Ireland, Down co. 90 m. N. £. Dnb- 

BfD^gor,p-t and cap. Penobscot co. Maine, on 
the W. ddeof Penobscot river, at the head ofnav^ 
intion ; 36 m. N. Castine ; and 52 from OiR^ 
Head, at the mouth of Penobscot ba v. Pop. 1 ^Bn . 
It is not open for shipping during the winter, but 
at other seasons it uofvery easy access for vessels 
of Idmost any sin, and the river is open at all 
times within twelve miles,to Frankfort Bangor 
will be the natural market for a lane portion of 
the interior of Maine. It is a flourishing place, 
I a eoQit^house, bank, and printing- 
A Tbeological Seminary was opened 
here in 1816, styled •'The MaineCharity 8dCool.» 
It isunder the difection of 2 professors uid apra* 
eeplqr. Its design is to prepare young men for 
tiie ministry by a shorter conne of smy than is 
usuaL The aualiOeations for admission are a 
knowledge or English grammar, ariOmetic, 
Latin grammar, and iome acquaintance with the 
La^ classics. The tenn of study is four years. 
The nxaoiftr Of Mndents ia 1821 wu mora than 



BAN 

Ban^, p-t Franklin co. N. T. 15 n. W. Ma- 
lone. Pop. 370. 

Banguty r. W. Africa, fells into the Atlantic. 
Latr4rN. 

BeitfiieK id. off the N. coest of Borneo. Lon. 
ll7*2?E.Latri5'N. 

BiifiAo,t Portugal, in Beira,10 m. N. £.Vi. 
•eu. 

Bon^tasAT, t Bengal, on the Hoogly, 15 m. K. 
Calcutta. 

Bemolbyisl. off W. coast of Sumatra. L.on.96' 
48' E. Lat r IC N. 

BanjahAOf or BagnabAayfoit andt Tink)ey,iB 
Bosnia, 144m. W.Belgrade. Lon. 17* 9^ £. Lat 
45- 4' N. 

Banjar JVotitn, t and district, Borneo, on a 
river of that name, which feUs into the eea near 
the 8. extremity of tbs island. The district pro- 
duces diamonds, gold oust, iron, canes, and pep- 
per, the last of which is i6. staple conunodity. Tbt 
Dutch have a ibrt and fei^ry here. Loti. 114* 
65'E.Lat3>8. 

BameOf t 8t Dommgo^ 40 m. 6. E. Cape Fran* 
cois. 

Bankala, ist off the coast of Celebes. Lon. 123^ 
5rE.Latr3(r8. 

Bonibq^r, fort. Hind, in Mysore, on the rinr 
Budra, 9 m. N. W. Seringapetam. 

Jlay^fcodongfisL in the Eastern Indian sea. Loa. 
118'rE.Lat6*12'a 

Bflfaboff. See Bancockm 

Bankit Capt, IheN. E. point of Botany Bay, oa 
the E. coast of New HoUand. 

BankU hiand, New Zealand, 00 miles in cir- 
cumference, and visible at the distance of 12 or 
15 letfues. 15 m. from Tavi Poenammoo. Lat 
43*32^8. Lon. 186* 30rW. 

Benft'i/ttonil, near the N. W. coast of Ameriou 
about 00 miles long and5 broad. Lon. 129* 4y to 
130»WW. Lat 6y30rN. 

BankUP&ft^ a harbour on the N. W. coast of 
America. Lon. 185* W. Lat 56* 40" N. 

BankyboMar, t. Bengal, on the benk of the Hoog- 
ly, 16 m. N. Calcutta. 

Bann, r. Ireland, passes through Lou^ Nea^ 
and runs into the North sea, 4 m. N. W. Coleram. 

BannakCf t France, in Finisterre, 4 m. S. E. 
Rosperden. Pop. 4,760. 

Bannbrid^t^ v. Irdand, Down co. 12 m.N. N. E. 
Newry. 

Bannee, id. in the English diannel, near the 
coast of France. Lon. 4* 55^ W. Lat 48* 25' N. 

Bomiodbfrum, v. Scotland, Stirlingshire, cm the 
Bannock ; femous for a battle, between the Scotch 
and Eneluh, June 1314, in which the English were 
defeated ; and for another between James m. and 
his subjects in 1488. 4 m. E. Stirling, 31 W. Ed- 



BafMMs, s-p. Ireland, 11 m. £. S. E. Water- 
ford. 

BenoSft Spain, in Leone, 30 m.frmn Plaoentia 
in Estremadura. Here are baths reooBameoded for 
rheumatisms and nervous complaints. Itsvinss 
produce annually 15,000 arobas of wine. 

Bantam, kingdom on the N. W. coast of Java, 
belonging to £e Dutch. Bantam, the capital, 
■lands about a mile from the sea, in a lowmardiy 
situation, on Bantam river, 61 m. W. Batavie. tt 
was once the diief resort of vessels from Europe, 
but its trade is transfeiTed to other channels, tad 
the bay and harbour are so much cheeked ^ 
withacoanoatcf Milh wadiad down ftuoi th» 



BAR 

■oOTtiJM, and the growth of eonl ahoals, as to 
be inaccttsible to ships of burden. 

Bantetn^ v. Hanorer, in the principality of Ca- 
lcnber«', 18 m. £. Hameln. 

Bon/ry, t. IrehuMl, on Bantry Bay, 40 m. S. W. 
Cork. 

Bantty Bay^ on S. W. coast of Ireland, aboat 25 
■iles long by 6 or 8 broad, with between 10 and 
40tatboDi« of water. It aflbrda a very fine harboar 
lor shipping. Lon. 9° 24' to9<^45'£. Lat.5F 
30rtool*»4o'N. 

Bunyomoangsf^ Dutch settlement on the coast of 
Jara. It is aometima coTered with ashes, from a 
vokano oo the bland of BaU. L<m. IH"" ^ £. 
Lata* 15' 8. 

BmoLt kingdom, W. Africa, between the Senegal 
aid Gambia. 

BmmntAt t, France, in Pas-de-Calais, 18 m. S. 
E. Arias. Lon. 2" 51' T' E. Lat 5(r 6- ir N. 

PapaumA, or Maromme, r. France, falls into the 
Seine below Rouen. 

Btpopoiy t. in the interior of New Albion. Lat. 
37»45'N. Loo.114^25' VV. See J^ew Albion, 

Bart or Barry t. France, in Lower Rhine. It 
i bada in eoni, cattle, wine, and brandy, and has 
Bianofiictnres of linen and other cloths. 16 m. S. 
W.Straflbui^g. Pop. 4,100. 

BmTy or BaeTj L Russia, in Podolia, on the river 
Kow, 45 m. £. N. E. Kaminioc Lon. 27*^52' £. 
Lit. 49" 5' N. Pop. 1,218. 

Bmr^ V. Fraiioe,in Var, 4 m. N. £. Grasse. 

BoTy C Hind, on the Ganges, in Behar. Lon. 
i l9*5aE.Lat.25*'l8'N. 

Barakoy plain, Siberia, in Tomsk, between the 
' nren Irtisch, Oby, and the Altaian mountains. 
[ Barmean, L Hai^;ary, at the influx of the Gran 
■b the Danube, 2 m. N. Gran. The circle of 
Biracan coatains 26 villages. 

Bmrmeooy s-p. Cuba. 50 m. N. £. St Jago de Cu- 
bi. Pop. 2,600. 

Bmraeoey a-p. on the Gold coast of Africa. Lon. 
1*25' W. Lat 5*28' N. 

Bart^9Hy ist near the island of Salsette, on the 
W.eoaat of Hindostan. * 

B<7vMe» district. Hind, separated from Nepaul 
bf a lofty range of mountains. 

Barana^iamiMy t Siberia, on the Lena, 62 m. 
IT. E. Vitimskoi. Lon. 1 13" 14' E. Ut 5f 5ff N. 

Baramoy r. Mexico, runs into the Pacific, lat 

Baranavy cape, Siberia, on the shore of the Fro- 
wn oceipu Mammoth's tusks, of 115 pounds 
Viigbt, have been found here. Lat 69° 29' N. 

Bmr-AnUeariy t A. Turkey, in Rumelia, on the 
eotatof tJbe Adriatic 

Beranyo, country, Hungary, on the Danube. 
it is rich in grain, fruit, cattle, and • game. Pop. 
9EB,895, eoosisting of Hungarians, Germans, Rua- 
dBOs,uid Croats. 

BmroUuia. See Barraiaria. 

Bantio PortOf s-p. Italy, in Piombino, on the 
snst, with a harbour. 

Bargu^ t. Bohemia, on the Blanits, 60 m. S. 
Pneue. Houaes 142. 

Bof^mctOy isl. in the Atlantic, within the gulf of 



BAR 



61 



city, New Grenada, near the coast, 
» iL N. Qoito, 110 W. S. W. Popayan. 

fy«ffatafli. t in Vaieauela, at the source of Tu- 
eaye river ; another on the £. of Lake Maracaibo, 
T^m. 8. Veneznela. 

Bfliiwfari, one of the Caribbeea, and the most 



eastern of the W. India islands. Lat 13° lO'N. 
Lon. 59** W. The eail of Marlborough obtained 
from James I. a grant of the island, in 1624, and 
laid the foundation of James Town. It is 21 miles 
long, 14 broad, and contains 166 sq. miles, or 

106,470 acres. It lies 20 loaves £. of St Vincent, 
25 from St Lucia, 28 S. E. Martinico, 60 N. E. 
Trinidad, and 100 S. £. St Christopher's. It is 
divided into 5 districts and 11 parishes; chief t 
Bridgetown. Pop. in 1811, 16,289 whites, 3,308 
free people of colour, 62,258 slaves. In 1810, the 
imports were 311,400/. Exports, 271,597/. Ow- 
ing to the hurricanes, the population and produce 
of the island have diminished. From 1740 to 
1786, the annual exports declined fit>m 13,948 
hogsheads of sugar to 9,554 ; from 12,884 pun- 
cheons of rum to 6,448, &c. The United Bretluren, 
and the Wesleyan Methodists have each a missson- 
ary here, and the Church Missionary Society sap* 
ports a school for the education of the negroes. 

Bewbantaney t France, in Mouths-of-the-Rhone, 
5 m. S. W. Avignon. Pop. 2,309. 

Barbaranoy t Venetian territory, in Vicentino, 
12 m. £. Aviano. 

Barbaryy or the Barbara SiaieSy an extensive 
country lying along the northern coast of Africa, 
bounded N. by the Mediterranean, S. by the Saha^ 
ra or Great Desert, and W. by the Atlantic It 
is intersected through nearly its whole extent by 
the celebrated Atlas range of mountains, which 
run parallel with the coast . Between this diain 
and the sea is a valley, from 50 to 200 miles broad, 
which constitutes the cultivated land of Barbery. 
This tract is well watered, and exhibits an exo* 
berant fertility, producing wheat, olives, almonds, 
and delicious fruits. The tract between the Atlai 
range and the desert is to a petX extent sandy 
and barren, but produces dates m such abundance, 
that it is called Biledulgerid, or the country of 
dates. The climate of Barbery is temperate and 
pleasant The plague, however, occasionally 
visits it, and leprosy is very oonunon. Among 
the animals are lions, leopards, and enormous ser- 
pents, some of which are venomous. The inhabi- 
tants may be divided into 4 classes. 1. The 
Moors, who are the ruling people, and constitut4| 
the mass of the population in all the cities. They 
are among the most vicious and profligate people 
on the earth. They are pirates, and formerly 
committed great depredations in the Mediterrane- 
an, on the commerce of Christian nations. 2. The 
Jews, who are the principal merchants, and are 
continually insulted and most cruelly oppressed 
by the Moors. 3. The Arabs, who live m tents, 
in independent tribes, and wander with their 
flocks and herds in the interior districts, on the 
borders of the desert 4. The Brebers, who are 
descendants of the ancient natives, and inhabit the 
mountainous districts. They live in fixed villa- 
ges, and cultivate the ground. The religion of aU 
these classes, except the Jews, is Mahometanism. 
The names of the Barbery States are Barca, Mo- 
rocco, Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli. 

Barbaryy p- v. Rowan co. N. C. 134 m. W. Ra* 
leigfa. 

Barber\ p-v. Fauquier co. Va. • 

Barbmy Pomiy Africa, the N. cape at the month 
of Senegal river. Lat 16° N. 

BarMSy cape, on the W. coast of Africa, near 
the mouth of St Cyprian river. Lat 22° N. 

BarboMirty s-p. France, isL of Noirmontier, in 
LaV«ideo. Pop. 2,396. 



11 



S2 



BAR 



Bar^atiro, See Baibattro. 

Barbaia, r. Algiers, falls into the Taphua, 1 m. 
S. Tackumbreet 

Barbela, or Verbda^ r. Africa, the S. bmnch of 
the Zaire or Congo, supposed to rise in Matamba. 

Bar^rifio, t Italy, in Tuscany, between Flor- 
ence and Sienna. 

BarberiM di Vaiddta^ t. Tuscany, in Certaldo, 
on the Sieve, at the foot of the Appennines, 18 m. 
N. Florence. 

Barbatieux^ t France, in Charente, 28 m. S. £. 
Saintes. Pop. 2,740. 

Barbing^ v. Bavaria, on the S. bank of the Dan- 
ube, below Ratisbon. 

Barbournfilie, p-v. Orange co. Va. 87 m. N. W. 
Richmond. 

BarbourtiiUt p-t. and cap. Knox co. Ken. 124 
m. S. Frankfort Pop. 65. 

BarbormttU France, in Mame, 5 m. S. W. Se- 
Cknne. Pop. 1,200. 

> Barbuda^ one of the Caribbee islands, 21 miles 
long, 12 wide. 12 leagues N. £. Antigua, 24 N. 
N. E. St. Christopher's. Lon. 61" 46' W. Lat 17* 
36' N. Pop. 1,S00. 

BaHnu, r. U. S. runs into Lake Michigan from 
the S. £. between Raisin and Maumee rivers ; 
72 m. N. Fort St. Joseph's. Another in Canada, 
runs into Lake £ri^, 40 m. W. Long-point 

Barburaia^ isl. in the bay of Honduras. Lon. 
86'50'W.Ut 1$«26'N. 

Barbjfy county, Prussian Saxony, on the Elbe, 
between Marburg and Anholt. 

Barby^ chief t. Borby oo. on the Elbe, near the 
junction of the Saale, 14 m. S. S. £. Magdeburg. 
Pop. 2,814. 

Barea, oountry, Africa, on the coast, between 
Tripoli and Egypt It belongs to Tripoli. It is 
a sandy desert except a few oases or fertile spots, 
inhabited by wandering Arabs, the whole number 
of whom is about 300^000. Chief t Deme. Its 
sea-port, Baica, is in lon. 20" 25' E. lat 32" 26^ N. 

Barearoia^ t Spain, in Elsiremadura. Pop. 
2,400. Here are medicinal springs. 

BareehnOf city, Spain, in Catalonia, on the 
Mediterranean. The harbour, though spacious, is 
difficult of entrance. The manufactures are cal- 
ico, silk, woollen and cotton goods, excellent 
miuskets, pistols, swords, and other small arms. 
The imports are French and Italian manufiLctured 
goods ; corn, rice, timber from the Baltic, yellow 
wax fit»m Barbery, iron from Sweden, steel from 
England and Styria, hemp from Riga and St. Pe* 
tersburgh, linen, copper, brass, and wire from 
Germany, and codfish from Newfoundland. The 
town is elegantly built, has nine parish churches, 
34 cloisters, 6 colleges, 6 hospitals, one of which 
is fitted up to contain 3,000 sick ; a theatre, and 
dock-yard. It is the see of a bishop. It is strong- 
ly fortified, but on the 16th of February 1808, it 
was surprised by a body of French troops under 
General Ouhesme, and continued in possession oif 
the French until 1814. 89 m. E. N. E. Tarragona, 
276 E. N. E. Madrid. Lon. 2" ^ 57" E. Lat 41" 
2r44''N. Pop.l4/X)0. 

Barcdomit t on the northern coast of Caraccas, 
capiUl of a district of the same name. It has 
been an emporium for great quantities of contra- 
band goods unported from Trinidad, and dispers- 
ed over the adjacent provinces. It is 42 m. W. of 
Cumana. Pop. 14,000. 

BareelofM /a«er. See Neoeri. 

BarceUmeUa^ t. Spain, S. £. of Baroelona, be- 



B AK 

tween its haribor and the lightJioiiw. Poh. 
10,000. 

Baretknette^ formei'ly a provincse of France 
now included in Lower Alps. 

BaredonUie^ t. France, in Lower Alps. Netr 
it is a passage across the Alps to Coni ; 56 m. X. 
W. Nice. Pop. 1,898. 

BaneloSy t. Portugal, in Entre-Dooro EMm< 
ho, on the Cavado, near the sea. Pop. 33O0. 

Bardj fort, in Piedmont, on the Doria, 17 m. S. 
8. E.Aosta. 

Bardet^ isL N. of Goa, on the W.coast of Himl 

Bardewiekf t. Hanover, in Luneburg, aa the 
Elmenau, 4 m. N. Lunebut^;, formerly a trading 
town of great note. Pop. 1^54. 

Bardiy t. Ualy, in Parma, the head of a mar* 
quisate, 26 m. W . Parma. 

Bardittan^ cape, in the Persian gulf. Loo. 51* 
15' E. Lat 28" N. 

Bardoneehey t Sardinia, in Piedmont, in a val- 
ley, 18m. W. Susa. 

Bardiejf^ isl. on the coast of Wales. Lon. 5* 4' 
W. Lat 52" 48' N. 

Batditown, See BairdUoun. 

Bartfidiiy p-t. Marion eo. S. Carolina, 41 m. fr. 
Washington. 

Baifwrdy t Richelieu and Buckingham cos. 
Lower Canada. S. E. Montreal, on the ProTince 
line. 

Barege^ or Barregu^ v. France, in Upper Py- 
renees, 10 m. S. Bagneres. It is famed for its min- 
eral waters. 

Bareillifj city, Hind. cap. of Bareilly district, os 
the Saukra ; 40 miles east of the Gstoges, 806 N. 
W. Calcutta. Lon. 79* 21' E. Lat 28" 2r N. It 
is large and populous, and the seat of the Briti^ 
Judicial establishment for the district, and is one 
of the stations of the Chureh'Misdonary Society. 
The district was ceded to the British govemmeot 
in 1802, and bids fair to become one of the finest 
parts of the English dominions in the east 

BareUm^elf Lybia, the ancient Paraitmam, 
150 m. W. Alexandria. 

Barmion^ t. France, in La Manche, 5 m. S. C. 
Mortain. Pop. 3,120. 

Bareuih. See Bayreuih, 

BarfUur^ s-p. France, in La Manche. Here 
William the Conqueror equipped the expedition 
"which effected the conquest of England. Pop. 893. 
12 m. E. Cherbourg. The promontory of Baifieur 
is 18 m. £. Cherbourg. Lon. I^IT W. LA.49-40'N. 

Barga^ t and cap. of a vicariat in t|^ ennd 
dutchy of Tuscany, on the Serchio, 6 m. fr. Luc- 
ca. Pop. 2,ooa 

Bargainlaum^ p-v. Gloucester co. N. J. 88 m. 
S. Trenton. 

Barge^ or Barges^ t. Sardinia, in Piedmont, at 
thefiwtofthc Alps, a little N. W. Saluzzo,8m. 
S. Pignerol. Pop. 6,900. 

Barguwij r. Siberia, runs into lake Baikal, 
near £irguxinsk. 

Bargmindc^ v. and fort, Siberia, on Lake Bai- 
kal, 104m. N. E. Irkutsk. Lon. 110" 14' E. Lat. 

syao'N. 

BarhmtL t Eng. Kent eo. On Barham Downs 
the Canterbury races are held. 6 m. fi*. Canter- 
bury. 

Bari, province of Naples, on the gulf of Venice. 
Pop. 331/)0a Bari^ its chief town, is a place oi 
considerable trade, on the guU^ 18 m. £. S. C 
Trani, and 120 E. N. E. Naples, and contains 
18,000 inhabitants. Lat 4^15' N. 



BAR 

Bmjatj t FnuKc^ in Gard, 18 m. N. £. Ahdt, 

Barimm, PotiO; oo the S. side of the entnnoe 
into the Ormooo. N. Lat. 8* 45'. 

BmrnoM. See Vainna$, 

Batj^ or Barfoux^ t Franoe, in Var, S7 m. 
X Toulon. P<^ 2,884. 



BAR 



83 



BonfmnMCfe. See BarQuiiim 

BoHtaiareif part of the Logwood eooqtry, £. 
fide of Tocatan, on the river Balize. It has Hicks 
Keys on the S. and South Lacoon on the N. Lat 
l7»45'N-Lon.89*W. 

Borttomstof, p-t. Litdifield eo. Ct 20 m. N. E. 
LitdifiekL Pop. 1^92. 

Barkm§, i, Enr. Essex oo. 7 m. E. London. 
Pop. 2421. Its inhabitants are fishermen, who 
supply BiBiaesgate with fish. 

Barkuiani, t. Enr. in Yorkshire, 1 m. fir. Hali- 
fiuL Popu 2,096. 

B mitu H Sh t Eng. in Hertfordshire, 34^ m. fir. 
LondoiL 

BarkOj t. Moldavia, on Barlat river, 60 m. N. 
W.Galnie. Lon. 2r ST E. Lat 46" 12^ N. 

BttHe, r. Eng. flows into the Exe^Sm. below 
Dnlrertoo. 

Bmrlemg&f Isl. off the coast of Fortueal. Lon. 9" 
24'W.Lat39'2aN. 

BmrieUOj s-p. Naples, on the gulf of Venice. 
Pop. \Sja&^ 25 m. W. Bari, 100 E. N. E. Na- 
ples. 

Barimt, t Washington co. Ohio, 9 m. W. Mari- 
etta. Pop. 316. 

Bmrimi^i Csve, on the N. coast of Admiralty isl. 
Lon. 2^" 14' E. Lat SS*" 22' N. 

Banmeny Prussia, a valley in Cleves-and-Berg, 
watered by the Wipper, and containing 23,104 in- 
habitants. It is perhaps the most industrious spot 
in Germany. 

Baxwanih^ s-p. Wales, Merioneth 00. at the 
month of the Maw, 8 m. S. W. Dolgelly ; much 
resorted to for sea-bathing. 

BmwuUdtt or New ItsmMw, eo. Denmark, in 
Holstein. it consists of the castle of Ranzaw, the 
market town (rf'Barmstadt, and several villages. 
The town is 17 m. N. N. W. Hamburgh. 

Bormanre, t Bengal, on the bank of the Hoog- 
ly, 3 m. Jbove Calcutta. 

Banmrd^ p-t Windsor 00. Vt 21 m. N. W. 
WindscNT. Pop.l/M8. 

Barmardf p-t Meigs co. Ohio. 

B&nwrdt, p-v. Currituck, N. C. 

Barnard i CaaUt^ t Eng. Durtiam co. on the 
Tees. Pop. 2,986. 216 m. N. London. 

BwrmMif t Siberia, on a river which fiiUs into 
Obe, 100 m. S. E. Kolhyvane. It consists of 
XJXO houses, and is the seat of chancery of the 
mines in the Altaian mountains. One of the mines 
is very productive in gold and silver. Here are a 
foundery of bells and manufactories for glass and 
tiles, which employ 4/100 Peasants. 

Somigr-iyon-DMn, t Eng. Yorkshire, 6 m. E. 
Doncaster. 

fieme, t Huntingdoo co. Pft. Pop. l;387. 

Btfm^Mf, V. Dutehess co. N. T. on tlie Hudson, 
5 m. S. Pougfakeepsie. Lime is manu&ctured in 
this place in large quantities and sent to New- 
York. 

Bmmegai-ha^j or InUts on the E. coast of N. J. 
ia Monmoiith ca 68 m.N. £.Cape May. The 
Bmc^ ezteodMtmi the inlet 8. W. 16 miles to Lit- 
tle E^-harbor. Lat 30* 47 90* N. Lon. 74*13' 
W. 

Bmiutkjh t. Eng. Torkihin. It has manafiio- 



tures of iron, wire, nails, hardware, bottles, linen 
and cotton. Pop. 5,014. 12 m. from Rotherham. 
Bcme9*-miiZt, p-v. Monongalia co. Va. 
Bomeslown, p-t Montgomery 00. Md. 36 m. fr. 
Washington. 

Bante«hi/ie,p-t Belmont co. Ohio, 11 m. S. W. 
StClairsville. 

Bamei, or Chipping BamitU t Eng. Hertfi>rd- 
shire, 11 m. N. London. 

Bamely p-t Caledonia co. Vt on Connecticut 
river, 16 m. N. Newbury : Pop. in 1810, 131. 

Bamet^i'lmem^ p-v. Fauquier co. Va. 59 m. 
W. Washington. 

Bamweldt, t Netherlands, in Dutch Guelder- 
land. Pop, 4,770. 10 m. E. 8. E. Amersford. 

Bamevdt*$ Islandiy on the S. shore of Terra dcS 
Fuego. Lon. 66** SO' W. Lat SS** 40' S. 

BamtjfvilU, t France, in La Manche. Pop. 
840. 15 m. S. S. W. Cherboui^. 

Bomun, circle in the middle mark of Branden- 
burg, divided into Upper and Lower : Pop. of the 
Upper, 40,000 ; of the Lower, including the city 
BerUn, 175,fi0a 

Bmmoliiwiekf t Eng. Yorkshire, 12 m. fir. Set- 
tle. 

BanuiabU co. Mass. in the S. E. part of the 
state. It comprises the whole of the peninsula of 
Cape Cod, and is separated from Plymouth co. by 
a narrow isthmus extoiding from Barnstable ba^ 
to Buzzard^s Bay. Pop. 24,026 ; engaged in agri- 
culture 1358. in commerce 3,363, in manufactures 
912. The soil is principally sandy and barren, 
and the inhabitants depend on the sea for subsist- 
ence. 

BanuUtbley seaport, and cap. Barnstable co. 
Mass. on a bay of the same name at the bottom of 
Massachusetts bay. The township extends across 
the peninsula of Cape Cod, which is here from 5 to 
9 miles wide. The harbor is a mile wide and 4 or 
6 miles long. It has a bar at its mouth which 
prevents the entrance of large vessels. The town 
M built on a declivity sloping to the N. The pub« 
lie buildings are a diurdi and courthouse. Pop. 
3,824. The inhabitants are largely engaged m 
navigation and the fisheries. Amount of shipping 
in 1815, 15,964 tons. 

BamtlttpUy s-p. and bor. Eng. Devonshire, on 
the Taw. It has a manufacture of baize and wool- 
lens for Plymouth market Pop. 4/)19. 36 m. 
N. N. W. Exeter. 

Bamsiead^ t Richelieu co. Lower Canada, 8. 
E. Montreal, on the Province line. Pop. 500. 

Barmitadt p-t. Strafibrd co. N. H. 26 m. N. E. 
Concord. Pop. 1^05. 

Bam'tnvem, p-v. Southampton co. Va. 
Bamweil, CO, & C. Pop. 14,750. Slaves 6,336. 
Engaged In agriculture 4,800, in commerce 19, in 
mancUkctures 1 17. 

Baroehe sous Luee, la, t France, in Ome, 29 
m. W. Alencon. Pop. 1,471. 

Harofistotm, t Ireland, Louth co. 6 m. W. N. 
W. Dundalk. 

BarquiaimelOf city of Carraocas, 120' m. 
W. S. W. Carraocas. It is on an elevated 
plain and cooled by the almost constant N. E. 
wind. The houses are well built, and the streets 
are wide. Pop. 11,300. Its trade ia in cattle, 
suear, wheat, cocoa, and coffee. 

%arr,r. Ireland, runs into the Foyle, near Lif- 
ford. 

Bory, OrefH. t. Eng. Staffordshire, 2 m. fr. 
WalsaH. 



84 



BAR 



BarrOf ▼• Italy, in Nipples, aear the city of Na« 
pies. Pop. 5,250. 

Barra, ial. in the North sea, 27 m. fr. Cape 
Wrath. Lon.5"40'W.Lat68'58'N. 

i^OfTO, kingdom, West-Africa, at the mouth of 
the Gambia. 18 I6a^es long: *^ 1^ broad. 

Barra Jndinf;, the capital of Barra, near point 
Barra, on N. side of the Gambia. 

BarraeandOf t W. Africa, on the Gambia, at 
the fulls, 40O m. abore its mouth. The tide flows 
up to this place. Lon. 13" W. Lat. 13"36'N. 

Barradih or J9arr<u^,r. Syria, passes by Da- 
mascus and is lost in the desert to the S. of that 



'^i 



Sarragon^ Bary, in the river Plata, 12m.be* 
low Buenos Ayres. Ships discharge their caifpoes 
in lighters in the roadstead of Buenos Ayres, and 
wait here for Uieir outward cai«;oes. 

Barrai Sciahiaii or daeri of Cottony in Egypt, 
W. of the Delta, and S. of lake Mareotis. It con- 
tains two lakes, Nedebe and Lebe, from which 
Natron is obtained. 

BorramouL, district, S. part of India, between 
irandl4'>N.Lat 

Barranca^ s-p. Peru. Let IG® 55' S. 

Barroneoy v. New-Grenada, on the Madalena, 
the port through which all goods are brought to 
and carried from Granada; 18 m. fr. the sea. 
Also the name of several inconsiderable settle- 



Barrancat^ fort, Florida, on the W. side of Per- 
dido river, 9 m. below Pensacola. 

Barraiaria^ bay, Louisiana, in the gulf of Mexi- 
co, west of the Belize, Lon. 90° W. In the mouth 
of this bay there is an island remarkable for its 
health, and its strength as a military position. 
Both ends of the island were fortified in 1811, by 
the pirates under M. la Fitte. The bay afibrds a 
nfe and capacious harbor for light ships of war 
and merchant vessels. In time, Siis may become a 
place of importance^ as by a late survey of the 
country in its rear, it is found that that there is a 
district of half a million of acres of the first rate su- 
gar lands. 

Barraux^ or Fori Barreaux^ France, on the 
Isere, 1 8 m. N. E. Grenoble. Pop. 1,320. 

Borroy, isl. one of the Hebrides of Scotland. 
Pop. 1,809. 

Barre^ p-t Washingtcm co. Vt. 7 m. S. E. Mont- 
pelier : Pop. 1,669. 

BarrCf p-t Worcester co. Mass. 24 m. N. W. 
Worcester: Pop. 2^077. It has good pastures, and 
contributes a large quantity of beef, butter and 
cheese for the market 

Barrcy p-t Genesee co. N. Y. 12 m. N. Batavia. 
Pop. 1,767. 

Barre^ t Huntingdon co. Pa. Pop. 1,053. 

Barr^f PoirU, on the W. coast of an island 
between King George's island and Prince of 
Wales' archipelago. Lon. ^aff" 32" £. Lat 56*" 
JS'N. 

Barregt, t France, in the Upper Pyrenees. 
Pop. 670. Here are warm baths. 

jB«rretraf, r. Brazil^ runs into the Atlantic. 
Utl9<'45'S. 

JSarreme, t. France, in Lower Alps, 11 m. 8. 
Digna. Pop. 643. 

i^mnlsktnif in the bay of Bengal, 18 miles 
in circnmlerence, containing a volcano 1,800 feet 
above the level of the sea, which discharges col- 
umns of smoke and showers of red hot stotMs, some 
ttfthem 3 or 4 tons weight Lat 12" 15' N. 

Bmnm bUmd^ in Bass straits, between Great 



BAR 

bland on the N. and Clarke's island on the & Lon. 
148° 10' E. Lat40"23*S. 

Barren Jtkt^ about 3 leagues fr. Cape Elisabeth, 
the N. £. point of Cook's inlet Lon. 200" 33: E. 
Lat58^56'N. 

Barren^ co. Ken. on the S. side of Green river. 
Pop. 10,328 ; slaves 2,446 ; engaged in agricul- 
ture 2,^1 , in commerce 32, in manufiictures 69. 
Chief t Gla^ow. 

Barren^ r. Ken. runs N. W. into Green river, 
between Logan and Warren counties. The m«ath 
of Little Barren river is 50 miles above. 
Barren!, p-v. Genevieve co. Mo. 
Barren springs^ p-v. Perry co. Ten. 
Barrerat^ Cape^ on the eoast of Patasonia. Lat 
50* S. 

Barriga J^egra^ r. S. America, in Bnenoa Ayns, 
rises 160 miles N. £. Monte Video, and falls into 
lake Meri. 

Barringtouy t Queen's co. Nova Scotia, osi the 
S. side of the bay of Fundy. 

Barringtonj p-t Stafford co. N. H. 20 m. N. W. 
Portsmouth. Pop. 1,610. Alum is found here. 
A branch of Agamenticus mt passes through this 
town. 

Barrington, p-t Bristol co. R. I. on Warren riv- 
er, 7 m. S. E. Providence. Pop. 634. 

Barringttm^ Ctqte, the 8. E. point of Santa 
Cruz, or Egmont island. Lon. 164"* 32" £. Lat 
10" 58' S. 

Barrin^icnj Chreatf p-t and the second in rank 
in Berkshu-eco. Mass.S. ofStockbridge, adUoining; 
140 m. W. Boston. Pop. 1,906. 
Barripore^ t Hind. 16 m. S. £. Calcutta. 
Barroy Cape^ on the N. £. coast of Sumntrm. 
Lon. 103" 35' E. LatO**6'N. 

Barrow, Punta de Arena, on the N. W. const of 
America, in lat 38" se* N. Lon. 236^ 44' £. 

Barrotoot, nation, in the interior of S. Africa, N. 
of Latakoo. 
Barrons, p-v. Prince William co. Va. 
Barrowy t and parish, Eng. Leicesterahire, on 
the Soar, 2 m. fr. Mountsorrel. 

Barrow, r. Ireland, rises in Queen's ooanty, and 
is joined by the Nore and the Suir, and &Ub into 
the sea at Wateiford bay. 

Barroir, Point, a cape on the S. coast of lie- 
land, 5 m. E. Kinsale. Lon. 8" 21' W. Lat5r43' N. 
Barrowford, t Eng. Lancashire, 4 m. fr. Cli- 
theroe. 
BarryniUe, p-v. Perry co. Ten. 
BarrymUe, p-v. Mecklenburg co. N. C. 
Banae, t France, in dep. of Gironde, on the 
Garonne, 18 m. S. £. Bordeaux. Pop. 2,583. 

Barteh, or Ban, county of Hungary. It con- 
tains the two miningtowns, Kremnitx and Koenigs- 
berg, 12 market towns, and 188 villages. Pop. 
115,779. 
Bartdorf, v. Silesia, 2 m. S. E. Liegnits. 
Barsoe, isl. Denmark, in the Little Belt Lon. 
r35'E. Lat55*7'N. 

Barston, hamlet, Eng. Warwiakshire, 7 m. fr. 
Kenilworth. 

Bar^turJivbe, t. France, on the Anbn. 30 m. 
£. by S. Troyes. Pop. 4,030. 

Bar-fvr-Orfiotn, formerly Bar4e-Duef t. France, 
on the Omain, in Maeae. 42 m. W. of Nancy, 133 
E. Puis. Pop. 10,000. 

Bar-mr'Seine, t France, in Aube. P<q>. 2,^70. 
18 m.S.E. Troyes. 
Bart, t Lancaster on. VtL. Pop. 14S3. 
Bartenttein, t East Prussia, in Natangen, on the 
' river Alle, SOm. a Konigtbeiig. Pop* 3^460. 



B A S 

BmrtftUt^ U Hungary, Saitwch eo. Pop. 4/W& 
Near the town are two chalybeate flpringB, and 
two baths. 

BarUk^ or Borril, 8-p. <tf the Pnniiaii States, in 
Hkher Pomerania, inincipality of Barih. Po^ 
3;240. It exports oora ana wool to Sweden ; it 
has also several docfc-yaniB. 12 m. N. W. Stral- 



B A S 



SB 



BaHkB lie JVcftef, £a, t France, in Upper Py- 
renees 18 m. S. £. T^bes. Pop, 400. 

BartkaUrngf, r. Louisiuia, falls into the Wachi- 
ta from the N. £. On its banks are good lands, 
which are oultiTatad by settlen, eonsiderably nu- 



Btuiha^ t Prussia, district of Kemnberr. Pop. 
1,335. 

Bari ha kmt w j Cape^ tfaeS. point of Staten-Land, 
in Lie Maire straits, E. of Terra del Fuego. 

Bortfettpp-t. Coos CO. N. H. 60 m. N. N. E« 
CiHMonL Pop. 511. 

BmriimjU £ii^. Totkshire, 7 m. fr. Richmond. 

B&rtany t. Lincoln oo. Up. Canada, on Bor^ 
lingion bay, at the west extremity of Lake On- 
tartow 

BaHtn^ p-t Orieans co. Vt. 39 m. N. N. E. Mont- 
peiier. Pop. in 1810, 447. 

Bmrlany r. Vt. runs N. N. £• into lake Memphra- 



artmk en Swmber^ t £ng. Lincolnshire, oppo- 
MteHoll. Pop. 2,304. 

Baritm on IrweOy t. Eng. Lancashire, 7m. from 
MaDcfaestcr. Pop. 6,948. 

Bari0H unitr^eedwaod^ t Eng. Staffordshire, 4^ 
m. from Burton. 

BaftmnU CreAt Temiessee, nms into the Cum- 
berland, 10 m. above Clarksyille. 

BaHrmAy isl. Ireland, in the bay of Killala, at 
the month of Moy river. 

BmrtrmtL, port, on the S. coast of Newfound- 
land. 

Bartatk^ r. Prossia, in Posen, falls into the Oder, 
7 m. above Great Glogan. 

Baru^ isL off the coast of Carthagena. 

BcruA, t. of the Prussian states, dutehy of Sax- 
ony, 9i m. S. S. £. Potsdam. Pop. 990. 

Bas^orBaU^ isl. France, in the English chan- 
nel. LoiL4"r5'W. Lat.48*45'4rN. Pop. 
380. 

Barmrmkuks or BoMordgik, t Eu. Turkey, 15 
m. N. W. Philippopoli. 

Ba$dkL, r. Italy, in the states of the Church, on 
the Tiber, 9 m. S. W. Todi. 

BateL See Bale. 

BaM-^nrBoitet^ t France^ in Upper Loire, 3 m. 
5. W. MooiatroL Pop. 5,100. 

Barffdy t. Eng. 3 m. N. Nottingham. 

Basket iMkmdij 5 in number, in the Chinese sea, 
beloi^ing to the Spaniards, but not occupied by 
them, viz. Orange, Mcmmouth, Grafton, Coats, 
and Bashee. Lon. 122" E. Lat. 20" 28^ to SO" 
55- N. 

BtukSo^ r. Abywinia, separates Begamder from 
Amhara, and falls into the Bahr-el-Azergue, 90 m. 
8. E. Alata. 

BatiaUo^ r. Naplei^ falls into the gulf of Ta^ 
rentou 

BcstZan, one of the Piulipinne islands^ off the 
S. W. extremity of Magindanao, 60 miles in cir- 
comferenee. Lon. 121" £. Lat.5"50'N. 

BatiMMtet^ otMaiera^ province in Nu>le8, oB 
&e Tuscan sea and gulf of Ttuento, and mtenee- 



ted by the Appenmnes. Pop. 378/X)0. Chief town, 
Potenza. 

BanUpoUnnot^ the ancient Eumtaa^ r. Eu. Tur- 
key, in the S. of the Morea, runs near t he site of 
ancient Sparta, and falls into the gulf of Kolo- 
kytia. 

Bonftuif o, isl. <me of the Lipari islands, belong- 
ing to Naples. 

BonngJlolEe, t Ei^. in Hants. It has four char- 
ity and free schools. Pop. 2,656. 47 m. W. Lon- 
don. 

Boftn Harbor^ p-v. Addison co. Vt in the town- 
ahip of Ferrisbuigfa, on lake Champlain. 

Bonn if MvMM^ a laige body of water at the E. 
and of the bay of Fundy. The lands around it ai^ 
good, watered by many nvers. Tidea rise here'60 

Batkenridgt, p-t Somerset co. N. J. 7 m. S. S. 
W. Morristown. Gen. Lee was taken prisoner 
here Dec 13th, 1776. 

Basle. See Bale. 

Basman, isL in the Persian eul£ Lat 2S" 
24' N. 

Basques^ Lesy or Frauh Bisea/y^ district, on the 
bay of Biscay. It has the river Adour and the 
Lsindes on the N. Beam on the £. and the Pyren- 
ees on the 3. and is now included in Lower-Py- 



Basquei Mtr de. See Bajfonne^ Ba^ of, 

BoMTode^t. Netherlands, on the Scheldt, near 
Dendermonde. 

Bassy a rocky islet of Scotland, in the frith eC 
Forth. 

Bojs, r. East Greenland, runs into the sea. Lon» 
60" WW. Lat 64" 30' N. 

Bast Jslandsy 7 in number, in Lake Erie, 3. m.. 
from Sandusky peninsula ; in these Islands is tfie 
harbor of Put-in-Bay. 

Bast StraitSy separate New Holland from Vatt 
Diemen's Land, and are 50 leagues in length, and 
the same in breadth. Groups of islands he in the 
straits, rendering the navigation dan^^erous. Lon. 
14T»E. Lat 40" S. 

BattOy t Thibet, on the Ganges, 46 m. N. W.. 
Sirinagur. 

BeuaOy s-p. W. Africa, on the ivory coast Lon^ 
rs'W. Lat. 4" 40' N. 

Battacy mountains of Persia, between Lar and 
Congo. 

BiusanOy t. Venetian territory, on the Brenta. 
Pop. 11400. A stone bridge, 182 feet in lengtii^ 
connects the town with Vicantino. The trade is 
in silk, cloth, end leather. Here is the extensive 
printing-office of Remontini. 12 m. N. Vicenza. 

Boiiano, t States of the Church, 3 m. W. Orta. 

Battas, or Baxaty Cape, on the E. coast of Af- 
rica, Lon. 48" 10* E. Lat 4" 55' N. ; another, 
on the W. Coast, near the mouth of the Rio 
Sestre. 

Bastey Terrey chief t. of St Christopher's, W. 
Indies, at the S. E. end of the island. Lon. 62" 36^ 
W. Lat 170 24' N. 

Batse Terrey Forty on the W. coast of Guada- 
loupe. 

Batteey Lay t. France, in North, 5 m. N. W. 
Donay. Pop. 2,200. 

Basteeny s-p. on the W. coast of Hindostan, on 
an island, which is separated by a narrow strait 
from the island of Salsetta, 27 m. N. Bombav. 

Bassesy or Thousand Itlandty off the N. W. 
ooast of New Guinea. Lon. 139" 27 E. Lat. 1"40' S. 



86 



BAT 



ITam^iuma, t Upper It&ly, inthe Sardinianpait 
of Milan, near the influx of the Tanaro into the P<h 
6 m. N. AlesBandria. Pop. 3^000. 

Banignyy district, France, included^ in Upper 
Mame, Vosges and Maeie. 

Boithnt, t Eng . in Derbyshire, 3 m. fr. Bake- 
well. 

BoMora, BuMtora^ or Batrakt a citj of Asia, in 
the goT. of Bagdad, on the W. bank of the Shat- 
nl-Arab, 70 m. from the mouth of that river, which 
it navigable hither by vessels of 500 tons burthen. 
It is surrounded by Walls and fortified. The hous- 
es, in general, are mean, being constructed of day, 
with a small proportion of brick. Bassora is in- 
habited by Arabs, Turks, Persians, Armenians, 
and some Earopeans, who reside in the fectories 
belonging to their reactive countries. The A- 
rabs form the most numerous class, and after them 
the Turks and Armenians. Bassora is the grand 
emporium for all the Indian produce which is sent 
into the Turkish empire. From the various ports 
of Hindostan, it receives silk, muslin, linen, white 
and blue doth, gold and silver stufls, various met- 
als, sandal wood, and indigo ; pearls from Bahh- 
reini and coflee from Modia ; shawls, fruit, and 
the predous metals, from Persia ; spices from Ja- 
va, and European commodities from difierent ports. 
The greater proportion of the commerce is carried 
on in Arabian bottoms, the finest vessels navigating 
the Indian seas now belonging to the merchants of 
Maskat The trade with uie interior is conducted 
by means ot caravans to Aleppo and Bagdad, 
whence the goods are conveyed to Constantinople. 
The situation of the place is unhealthy, oocasion- 
•d by the inundations of the river. The ne^bor- 
ing country is greatly harrassed by tribes of pred- 
atory Arabs. It is 210 m. S. Ispahan, 1,815 S. E. 
Constantinople. Lon.44*46'£. Lat.30"32'N. 
Pop. between 50 and eOfiOO. 

Battouetn t. France, in Gers, 8 m. N. W. Mi- 
rande. 

Battah. See Bishbe^ 

BatUUoj isl. ofi* the N. E. coast of Sumatra* Lon. 
10r23rS. LatO^aO'N. 

Battari, t. A. Turkey, in Natolia, supposed to be 
the andent BifAyntum, 30m. S. W. Amarsh. 

Bastardy t Leeds co. Up. Canada. 

BasHa^ t Corsica, in the N. E. part of the isl- 
and. It is defended by a strong citadel, and has a 
nfe and spacious harbor. Pop. 11,500. 58 m. N. 
£. Ajaodo. 

fiosto, 8-p. Turkey, on the coast of Albania, 
opposite Corfu. Lon. 20" IS' £. Lat39"42'N. 

Bot/to, t Italy, 7 m« N. Modena ; another, in 
the States of the Church, dutchy of Spoleto. 

Bathde^ La^ t France, in Lot, 10 m. S. E. Gour- 
don. 

BatHdede Clarenety LOf t France in Lower-Py- 
renees, 6 m. i:. S. E. Bayonnew Pop. 2,000. 

BmUide da FeuUlant^ La^ t France, in Upper- 
Garonne, 18 m. S. W. Toulouse. Pop. 643. 

BaMk JVeuee, La^ t France, in Upper Alps, 13 
m. W. Embmn. 

BiuHgHOf t. Italy, on the Panaro, below Modena . 

BoiHmeniatt islands, near the isthmus of Darien, 
at the mouth of the bay Nombre de Dois. Lon. 

79»4orw. LatirarN. 

Bosfefige, or Baatenacj t Netherlands, in the 
grand dutchy of Luzembuig, 22 m. N. W. Luz- 
embnxg. Pop. 2,314. 

Bufoaiivng Point, a cape on tbeN. £. coast of 
Sumatra. Lon. 104<> 66' £. UtVSd'S, 

BaiaeoUt^ or B^tkatfih an islaod 3i milefl in 



BAT 

circuit, in an aim of the sea, which penetrates 
the east coast of Ceylon. Here is a (ort, and a 
small village of Hindoos and Mahometans. The 
Wesleyan Methodists have a Missionary heret A 
bar at the mouth of the estuary obstructs the ac- 
cess of vesMls esEoeeding 70 tons burthen. Lon. 
8r63'E. LaLr46'N. 

BaiaeoU. See BaicaU. 

BaialhOj t Portuguese Estremadura, 6 m. S. S. 
W. Leiria. Pop. 1,10a 

Ba<a/m,isL off the £. coast of Celebes^ Loo. 123^ 
64' E. Latr^rS. 

Balong, isL off the S. E. coast of Malacca. 

BattniOj city, near the mouth of a small river, 
on the N. coast of the island of Java, the capital 
of all the Dutch, or as they are now termed, the 
Netherland Indies. It was formerly styled the 
Queen of the East, but now retains very little of 
its andent splendor. From its westerly situation, 
and easy access, it is the best and most conven- 
ient port in the island, in point of security, how- 
ever, and convediency for the landing and ship- 
ping of goods, it bears no comparison to the fine 
haroor of Surabia. There is a broad flat mud 
bar at the mouth of the river, which is a source 
of great commercial expence and inconvenience. 
Batavia is well known m Europe by its fatal cli- 
mate. The disease which chiefly proves mor- 
tal, is a fever generated in the putrid mud banks 
and stagnant canals which are within two miles of 
the shore, and is strictly confined to that limit. A 
stranger who sleeps for six or eight days snooes- 
sivdy in the town, may certainly reckon on catdi- 
ing the fever, and it is more than an equal chance 
that he fi&Us a victim to this terrible malady. The 
rest of the island is even eminent among tropical 
countries for its salubrity. The population was 
formerly 160,000, but is now reduced to 47,217, 
of whom 2,028 are Europeans and their descen- 
dants, and the rest Chinese, Javanese, Malays 
other orientals, and slaves. Batavia surrendered 
to the British in 1811, and was restored in 1816^ 
Lon. 106* 61' E. LatriO'S. 

Batavia, p-t and cap. Genesee co. N. T. 40 m. 
E. Buffalo, 48 W. Canandaigua. Pop. 2,597. 
The village is a busy, thriving place, with two 
houses for religious worship, 1 for Presbyter ians, 
and 1 for Episcopalians; a court-house^ a state 
arsenal, and about 60 dwelling houses. 

Botovio, p-t. Clermont co. Ohia 7 m. W. Wil- 
liamsburg. Pop. 1,208. 

Batavia, t Geauga co. Ohio. Pop. 355. 

Bateate, or Batacok, s-p. Hind, on the coast of 
Malabar, 2am. N. Barcclore. 

Baiihian. See Batkian. 

Bate or Bhatia lile. Hind, at the S. W. extrem- 
ity of the Gdif of Ctttch. Lon. 69* 21' E. Lat 
2r28'N. 

Bateah^ t Mexico, in Yucatan, 190 m. S. S. W. 
Merida. 

BatK, city, England, in Somerset, bounded N. 
W. and 8. by hilts of considerable elevatioQ, and 
intersected by the river Avon. This city is cele- 
brated for its medicinal waters, and for its various 
■souroes of amusement, and is equally the resort of 
valetudinarians and the votaries of pleasure. 
There are places of worship for the members of 
the Established Church, Methodists, Independents, 
Baptists, Moravians, Roman Catholics, Unitarians, 
and Quakers. The Cathedral is the last and pu- 
rest specimen of Eodesiastical Gothic ardutec- 
ture in England. The benevolent institutions of 
Bath are rtry nomerous : of these, the chief io 



BAT 

the ^^cnenl hospital^ tqpe&ed in 1742, kit the re- 
ceptioo of the aick poor from every part of the 
kiiigdom. The hot springs to whidi Bath prin- 
cip^ J OWC8 her celebrity, were resorted to in the 
time of the Romans, and many splendid fragments 
of Roman architecture are still preserved. There 
ire 4 public baths. King's and Queen^s bath, the 
Cross bath, and the Hot bath.. The temperature 
of the difierent springs varies from 93^ to 1 17" of 
Fahrenheit. The disorders particularly benefitted 
by the Bath waters are obstructions of the visoeia, 
(jalsies, g;oat, rheumatism, jaundice, &c. The 
streets and houses of modem Bath are of very 
superior construction. The Queen's Square, Cir- 
cus., Crescents, and Parades are particularly ad- 
mired, and being built with a fine fi«e stone, Bath 
is one of the most elegant cities of Europe. It is 
inlat.5r4ar3yN.andinlon.r21'30' W. 107 
m. fr. Leodon, 67 fr. Oxford, 41 fr. Gloucester, 39 
fr. Salisbonr, and 12 fr. Bristol. Pop. 38434. 

Bmik, L Htti^ary, county of Grosshout, 6 m. N. 
E.Leveoa. 

BatlK^-t, and port of entry, Lincoln co. Maine,' 
on the W. side of the Kennebeck, 15 m. from its 
mouth, at the head of winter navigation, 14 m. S. 
W. Wiscasset, 34 N. £. Portland, 153 N. £. Bos- 
ton. LoD.6r49'W. Lat43'66'N. The river 
is here a mile wide. The town is built on a de- 
clivity, and extends a mile and a half along the 
river, and three fourths of a mile into the interior. 
The streets ran parallel to each other at right an- 
g^le« to the river. Bath is a flourishing town and 
contains two banks, an academy, and 3 churches, 
2 for congregationalisti, and 1 for baptists. Pop. 
ZJ[)36. Amount of shipping in 1815, 20,628 tons. 
Batk, p-t. Grafton oo. N. H. on Connecticut 
river, 67 m. N. N. W. Concord, 36 N. E. by N. 
Dartmouth College. Pop. 149a 

BalK, p-t. and cap. Steuben co. N. Y. on Cos- 
hocton oeek^a brandi of the Tioga, 59 tt. S. W. 
Geneva, 18 N. W. Painted Post, 245 W. Albany. 
Pop. 2,578. 

Baihf V. on the £. bank of the Hudson, opposite 
Albany, N. Y. It has mineral springs of some 
Taloc. 
Batk^ p-t, Northumberland co. Pa. 
Baihy CO. Va. on the Jackson a source oi James 
river, Ktnated among the Alleghany moun- 
tains, 50m. W. S. W. Staunton. It has 2 Hot 
Sprmgf. The bason of one is 30 feet diameter, 
and the water at the temperature of 96**. The 
other, 6 miles distant, is smaller, and of the tem- 
perature of 112? and more efficacious. The 
springs are resorted to chiefly in July and Au||[ust, 
for the relief of rheumatism and other complaints. 
Pop. 5^37; slaves 1,202; engaged in agricul- 
ture 1397, in commerce 12, in manufactures 24. 

Btdhj p-t. Beridey co. Va. 104 m. N. W. Wash- 
inetoo. Here are the Bethdy Springs^ which see. 
'Bathj p-t Beaufort co. N. C. 61 m. S. £. Eden- 
ton, on the N. side <^ Tar river, 24 m. above Pam* 
Uco Sound. LatSS^Sl'N. 

Bathn oo. Kentucky. Pop. 7,961 ; slaves 1,224. 
Kngaged in agriculture 1,865^ in commerce 9, in 
manouetures 178. 
BtUh, t. Green co. Ohio. Pop. 1,185. 
^<Ufc,t Medina CO. Ohio. Pop. 176. 
Ba£/i, p-t Franklin, co. Indiana. 
Bttthgaiey t Scotlsind, 18 m. W. Edinburgh. 
Pop. 2,910. 

Baikma^ r. Asia, anciently called BaihySy rises 
in the mountains of Armenia, and fidls into the 
Blacksea. Loo. 41'' 20" E. Lat4r35'N. 



BAT 



87 



fqAoumt, t at the mouth of te river Ba- 
thoum, 26 m. S. Buti 

Bathurtiy a British settlement in West Africa, 
formed within a few years on the island of St Ma- 
ry's, at the mouth of the Gambia, between 13^ and 
14° N. lat The island is a low sandy spot, sepa- 
rated from the main land by swampy creeks which 
however easily admit of being dyked. The ob- 
ject of the settlement is to introduce a regular 
trade into the Gambia, in lieu of the slave trade ; 
and thus far it has been remarkably prosperous. 
In 1819, the settlement contained more than 1,000 
souls, besioes the garrison; and the duties on 
wax, i¥ory, gum, gold, and hides, exported to 
Great Britain, during the same year, amounted to 
more than £\lfiQQ sterling. In point of com- 
mercial importance, Bathurst bids fair to become 
the first Bntish establishment in W. Africa. 

Batieda, See Boiaeola. 

BaHtean^ r. Lower Canada, falls into the St 
Lawrence, about 15 miles N. E. Three Rivers. 

Batiscarij seig^ory, St Maurioe oo. Lower 
Caziada, on the St Lawrence, at the mouth of 
Batiscan river. 

Baiiey^ t Eng. in Yorkshire, 6 m. from Wake- 
field. Pop. 2,975. 

Baineer, t Hind, in Delhi. Lon. 74"" 45' £. 
Lat 29** 28' N. 

Batonn. ^eeBaihoum, 

Baton Rouge West^ parish, Louisiana. Pop. 
2,335; slaves 1,303. Engagisd in agriculture 
833, in commerce 7, in manufactures 8. 

Bo/on Rougt Eoitf parish, Louisiana, bounded 
N. by Feliciana, E. by the river Amite, S. by the 
Iberville, and W. by the Mississippi. The lands 
are of inexhaustible fertility, but are as yet little 
improved. Pop. 5,220 ; slaves 2,076 ; engaged in 
agriculture 1,612, in commerce 81, in, manufac- 
tures 15a Chief town. Baton Rouge. 

Baton Rtwgen p-t and cap. East Baton Rouge 
parish, La. on the E. side of the Mississippi 15 m. 
above the Iberville, 1 10 above New-Orleans. It 
is at the commencement of the high grounds on the 
Mississippi, and is usually considered the most 
healthy situation on the river. It is a flourishing 
place. The seat of government for the state wiU 
probably soon be fixed at Batcm Rouge. 

Batten, or Baet^ a county of Hungary, bounded 
£. by the Theyss, and W. by'thd Danube. 

Bttttehj or Baet^ t Hungary, capital of Batsen. 
20 m. N. E. Funfkirchen, and 75 S. Buda. Lon. 
WiaE. Lat46M8'N. 

Batlalah, t Hind, in Lahore, 24 m. from Am> 
retsir. Lon.75'3'E. Lat 31° 34' N. 

Bottom, isl. near the coast of Malaoca, Lon. 
104°E.Lat lO^N. 

BelteeoOah, t Hind, on the sea coast of North 
Canara. Lon. 74* 37' E. Lat 13" 56' N. 

Battu, or Bhotty, district. Hind. 150 miles in 
length and 100 in breadth, -vi^ich comprehends 
pails of the provinces of Delhi, Lahore, andAJ- 
meer. The capital is Batneer. 

BaMy t Eng. in Sussex, anciently called Epi- 
ion. 6 m. N. Hastings, 56 S. London. 

Baitttma, t Syria, 5 m. S. W. Antioch. 

Battenburg, t Hesse, on the Eder. Pop. 799. 

Battertea, v. Eng. on the Thames, <^pposite 
Chelsea, 4 m. W. London. 

Battiealoe, See Baioeoku 

Baiticotta, t Ceylon, in the northern part of 
the island, 6 m. N. W. Jafiia. Lon. 80" 15' £. 
Lat 9^ 45' N. It is one of the sUtions of the 



88 B A V 

Amerieui Boud of Owimiiiionai for Foreign 
MissioELs. See Cejfion, 

Battletowti, p>T. Frederick eo. Va. 68 m. W. N. 
W. Washington. 

Baturin^ t. Roisia, in the Ukraine, on the river 
Sem, 80 m. £. S. E. Czemigov. 

Bmarui, the Circle of^ formed one of the great 
divisions of Germany, aoeordingto the finnner oon- 
ititntion of the empire, and was bounded £. by 
Auttria, W. by Suabia, N. by Franconia and Bo- 
hemia, and 8. by Tyrol It comprises 16,588 
square miles, witb li3OO^0OO inhabitants. 

Baarfios kingdom of^ one of the most considem* 
bl« of the secondary states of Europe. It is boun- 
ded £. and S. by the Austrian dominions ; W. by 
Wirtemberg and Baden, and N. by several smaU 
German States. It Ues between 47*' lO'and 50** 
40 N. lat and between 9^ and 13" SO'E. km. It 
is divided into the 8 following circles : 

CireUM. Chief iowm. 

The Iser. Munich. 

The Lower Danube. Passau. 

Th^Regen. Ratisbon. 

The Upper Danube. Augsburg. 

The Rent. Anspach. 

The Upper Main. Bayrenth. 

The Lower Main. Wurtzburg. 

The R}iine. Speyer. 

Bavaria contains at present 32,000 square mUesy 
and 3^560,000 inhabitants. It has risen gradually 
to its present rank among the nations of Europe. 
In 1801 it contained only 2^000 square miles, and 
9,303^000 inhabitants ; but during the prosperity 
of Bonaparte, Bavaria generally sided with France 
in her wars with other European powers ; and was 
paid for her attachment, by extensive territorial 
aggrandizements, made chiefly at the expense of 
Austria. In 1813, after the defeats of Bonaparte, 
the king changed his line of policy, and concluded 
a secret treaty with the allied powers, in which he 
engaged to furnish a certain number of troops in 
support of the common cause, and received in re- 
turn a pledge that the integrity of his territories 
should be respected. The form of government in 
Bavaria is an unlimited monarchy. The soooes- 
sion to the crown is hereditary in the male line, 
but when it is extinct in all its branches, the su- 
preme' power may be vested in a female. The 
revenue is estimated at about 2,600,000^. Bava- 
ria has long been burdened with a public debt, 
which was not a little increased by the assump- 
tion of the debts of her newly acquired dominions. 
The army amounts to between 40,000 and 
504X)0 men. The prevailinir religion in Bavaria 
is the Roman Catholic, but Protestants enjoy the 
unrestrained exercise of their worship, and are 
eligible to civil and military offices. The num- 
ber of monastic institutions in this part of Gor- 
miny was formerly very great, but they have al- 
most all been suppressed by the present govern- 
ment Education has of late years been widely 
diffused through the Bavarian states. In the new 
constitatioii of Germany, as framed by the 53d 
and following acts of the Congress of Vienna, this 
state has one vote in the federative diet, and four 
in the general assembly. Munich is the capital. 

Bmmriay Lake of^ between Lower Bavaria and 
the circle of Prachih in Bohemia. 

Bovy, t France, in North, 8 m. N. E. Quetnoy. 
Pop. 1«421. 

Baud^ t. France, in Morbihan, 18 m. N. W. 
Vannes. Pop. 6,200. 

Bo9enU See JibivcnU 



BAY 

BmterwilMt t Prussian States, in Silesia^ 10 ol 
N. W. Ratisbon. Pop. 1,664. 

Bague U CAale2,t France, in Ain,4 m. £• Ms- 
con. Pop. 3/)00. 

BougAinan, t. Wayne oo. Ohio, 12 m. K. W. 
Wooster. Pop. in 1819, 460. 

Baugnan^ t Bengal, on the Dummooda river. 
Lon.88°£. Lat ST 30^ N. 

BaumaiCi leiande, in the 3. Pacific. Loo. US' 
W.Latira 

Bourne Ut Jfonet^ t France, on the Doobs, 16 
m. N. E. Besancon. Pop. 2,454. 

Bmmgarien^ XJj^tr and Lower^ v. FmsBaa 
states, in Silesia, cm;le<^ Balkerhaun. 

Bnumholder^ t Prussian grand dnichj of the 
Lower Rhine, 35 m. N. Deux-Ponts. 

BawMcky t Bavaria, at the influx of Baonadi 
river into the Maine, 7 m. N. Bamberg. Pop. 960l 

Botidbe, t Russia, in Courland, 18 m. S. Mittav. 
Lon. SS'Sa E. Lat 56** 26' N. 

Boticfef, t. France, in Var, 18 m. £. S. £. Mir- 
seilles. Pop. 3,060. 

Baiut$ehj or Budiuow^ t Moravia, 20 m. N. £. 
Olmutz. 

Bovtem, or BudSessm, t in the kingdoBoi of Sax- 
ony, capital of Upper Lusatia, on the Sptve. It 
has a stronr castle called Qrtenbuig. Near this 
place was fought in June, 18ia>, a bloody battle 
between the French and the allies, in wluch the 
latter were worsted. 30 m. E. N. £. Dreedea, 
76 E. Leipzig. Lon. 14** 27 E. Lat 5i« 10" N. 
Pop. 11350. 

Beaux^ Lef,t France, in Mouths-of-tfae-Rhone, 
15m.£.N.E. Aries. Pop. 3,30a 

Bawder, r. Eng. runs into the Tees. • 

Bmedtayy t Eng. in Suffolk, at the mouth of the 
Dcben,5 m. N. E. Harwich. 

Bavrtr^j t Eng. in Yorkshire, 9 m. S. Doncas- 
ter. 

Baxada, t. Buenos Ayres, on the Pnranm, eppo* 
site Santa Fe. 

Baxat, Cape^ on the S. coast of AfricsL Loik 
23O0'E.Ut34*»S. 

Bay of Idandi^ in the straits of Magellan ; an<« 
other on the W. couft of king George Ill's archi- 
pelago. Lon. 294*' 29^ E. Lat BT 21' N. ; anoth- 
er on the W. coast of Newlbundland, 10 m. S. 
Cape Greeory. 

Bay of Islands^ bay on the E. coast of New Zea- 
land, so called from the number of Islanda c»fi'the 
shore. It afibrds good anchorage, and abounds 
with fish. Lon. 135*'38'W.Lat35M8'S. 

Bay Poinlt cape on the N. W. coast of New 
Zealand. 

Bayamo^ t on the S. coast of Cuba, 520 m. £. 
S. E. Havannah. Lon. 76* 56' W. Lat 20" 46' N. 
Pop. 12,000. 

BayaM^ or BaJaM, a fortified citv of Turkish 
Armenia, 50 m. S. S. W. Erivan,' 140 E, Er- 
lerum. Lon 43" 45^ £. Lat. 39° 24' N. Pop. 
30,000. 

Bayeretehtri, See BeranVi, Lake of. 
Bayendorff t Bavaria, in the circle of the Re- 
nt, 12 m. N. Nuremberg. 

Baytux, t France, on the Aure, in Calvados. 
It is the see of a bishop. 4 m. from the Ei«^»h 
channel, 15 W. Caen, 80 W. Rouen, 145 W. N. 
W. Paris. Lon. 0" 41' 56" W. Lat 49* 16' 34'' N. 
Pod. 10400. 

haykam^ t Middlesex co. Up. Canada, on Lake 
Erie. 
Baykul, t Hind. 25 m. 8. Mangalor«. 
Bayla^ or Bekh t. Persia, in Mekran, ««B^'"«g 



B E A 



»SBi.N.KelaL Lon.66* 

4(rE.utfieri(KN. 

Bi^MivcSi L N«w GtvaBda, 35 m. S. S. W. Me- 
nda« 

B^ptek QfBaUm. 

Bmjftakuty^ p-v. Southampton oo. Va. aboat 70 
a. SL Riehmonil. 

Siwam t Fkwwe, on the Moielle, 15 m. & Nai^ 
cj. Popw793. 

AryaniuH t. Spain, in Galicia, on a bay of tha 
Atlantie, 9 ra. S. W. Vico. Pop. 3,d0a 

B a y w iwa /jte^>idandiinFi-anca,6ni,N.N.W. 
Bajoona^ called by the ancients, ihe JiUt •/ the 
God$. 

gfljfcujit, B«pw France, in Lower Pyrenees, at 
the conflnT of the Nive and Adoor, 2 miles from 
the bay of Biscay. The Nive and Adoor, the 
faimar of which is naTigable for 18 miles, and the 
latter fat tRj^ form a eanuBodions harbour, and 
serve to convey timber, tar, and iron from the 
Pyrenean mountains to Bayonne. A citadel, con* 
strocCed by Vauban, on the top of an eminence in 
the suburb, commands both uie harbour and the 
town. French and foreign eoods go from Ba^- 
cone into Spain, in exchange tor wowl, iron,fruit, 
gold and silver. Masts ai^ other wood for ship 
bnildiny brought from the ^rrenees, are exported 
to Brest and other ports in France, and wines and 
chocolate kk peat quantities to the north of Eu- 
rope. The military weapon called the bayonet, 
takes its name fi^mi this city, where it was inven- 
ted in the l7th century. The language of the 
f^wm^wm^Mn people here U the ancient Biscayan. 44 
m. W. N, W. Pau, 518 8. a W. Paris. Lon. V 
S4'W.Lat.43"2irN. Pop. 12,^00. 

Bmjftmne^ r. Lower Canada, falh into the St. 
Lawrence from the north, nearly opposite the 
movth of Sorel river. 

Bi^outf tore, r. Missinippi, runs into Missis^ 
eippi river, 40 m. above Natchez. 

B^gpour, See B^fpoor. 

B^raOh^ or Bwrath^ formerly a principality of 
Germany, in Franconia, now included in the cir- 
cles of the Lower Maine and the Rent in the 
Irnxdom of Bavaria. 

Bt^rtuik, t. Bavaria, cap. of the circle of the 
Lower Maine J64 m. N. RatisboD, and 48 N. N. £. 
Ang«buig. Lon. ir 17' £. Lat 49" 54' N. Pop. 

8y9%4. 

Ba^ L Franoe, in Mayenne, 6 m. N. Evron. 
f^ 2,100. 

AaM,or Bagahjt Spain, in Granada, 20 m. N. 
E.Guadix. Popu 7,qoa 

JSoot, t. France, in Gironde,30m. S.£.Bonr- 
deaox. Pop. 4,540. 

BoMor. See BoAar. 

BoMeUUf t. Trumbull co. Ohio, 5 m. N. W. 
Warrsn. Pop. 196. 

B«sMgC t France, in Upper-Garonne, 12 m. S. 
£. Toulouse. Pop. 1 <440. 

Baaodu au Perche Oimei, t. France, dep. of 
Euro and Loire, 15 m* W. Chateau Dun. Top. 
2^4001 

BaeQdke<ft<i)eierf,tFranoe, inllleand VUaine. 

Pop. 2,200. 

BtmAgrmBe^ p-v. Lmeme co. Pa. 

Bmdijf HeaA, promontory, Eng. Lon. 0* 15^ 
E.LaL50^44'N. 

J?«»AiUa9i^t. Hancock 00. Maine. Pop. 8. 

BaKMH/icU,t. Eng. Buddnc^Mm co. 23 m. W. 
K.W. London. 

B«ak, r. helnnd, nms into the Shannon ; an- 
othir. flows into the Medway. 

12 



B £ A •• 

BeBfcM6f«eA,r. Ireland, nuM ialo Loo^ Oor- 

rib. 

BeoMwy, t Harden co. Ken. on the £. bank of 
RoUinzfork, 15 m. W. S. W. Bairdstown,50S.W. 
Frankfort 

BeaWL See BuiUh. 

BemminUer^ t. Eng. Dorsetshire, 6 m. fitmi Brid- 
port Pop. 2,290. 

Beane^ r. Eng. runs into the Lea, betweei^ 
Hertford and Ware. y 

Beanos ereek^ p-v. Franklin co. Ten. 

Beem'j Mtaiinmj p-v. Granger co. Ten. 

Bear Bajf., on the S. coast of Newfoundland. 

Bearer^ Ken. runs into Green river in Ohio 
county. 

Bear crsdk, Alabama, runs N. 45 miles and lalU 
into the Tennessee. The boundary-line between 
Alabama and Mississippi strikes the Tennessee at 
the mouth of this creek. 

Beaifieid, t Perry co. Ohio, 10 m. S. W. Som- 
erset. Pop. 42& 

Bear-gi9,p-v. Northumberland co. Pa. 

Bear groiff, creek. Ken. which runs into the 
Ohio at Louisville. Its mouth forms an excellent 
harbour, having at all times 12 feet water. 

BearHoifen, See BaiUryBay, 

Bear Lahe^ Oreat^ North America, near the 
Arctic circle. 

Bear Lake^WkUe^inUL 489 15' N. the head 
water of the Missisippi. 

JBeor, JVbrl^ a small island' in St. James' bay. 
Loo. 81" 20' W. Lat 64* 35^ N. 

Bear Sounds on the W. coast of West Green- 
land. Lon.49<'W.Ut63"2aN. 

BeoTy Souths a small island in St James' bay. 
Lon. 81*20' W. Lat 54* 30' N. 

BeardU creeks Geo. runs into the Alatamaha, in 
Liberty county. 

BeardU naU, p-v. Rowan co. N. C. 

Beam, provinoe, France, now inclnded in Low* 
er Pyrenees. 

Beaitie^sfordyV'Y. Lincoln co. N. C 

Beaueaire^ t France, in Gard, on the rig^t bank 
of the Rhone, opposite Tarascon, with which it is 
connected by a bridge of boats. It is chiefly re- 
markable for a great annual foir held in July, 
which was formerly attended by merchants and 
manufacturers from most countries in EUvope, 
from the Levant, and sometimes even from Persia 
and Armenia. The average sales do not at pres> 
ent exceed 300,00(M. sterling. The trade peculiar 
to the town consists in sflk, wine, oil, almonds, 
spices, drugs, leather, wooLootton, &c 6m« 
N. Aries, 12 E. Nismes, 12 S. W. Avignon. Lon. 
4** 43" E. Lat 43" 48' N. Pop. 8,000. 

BeaueCf formerly a district of France, now in- 
cluded in the department of the Eure and Loire. 

Beau eierc, Pof<,inan island on the N. W. coast 
of America. Lon.228«23'E.Lat56<>lTN. 

Beaver^ co. Pa. on the Alleghany river. Chief 
t Beaverton. Pop. 15,340; engaged in agricul- 
ture 2,585, in commerce 19, in manniaotQres474.. 

J7MMr,t Crawford CO. Pa. Pop. 419. 

Beaver, t Northumberland co. Pft. 60 m. N. W. 
Harrisburg. Pop. 1,502. 

Beoeer, t Pike co. Ohio, 5 m. S. E. PiketcQ* 
Pop. 525. 

Beaver^ t Columbiana co. Ohio. Pop. 839. 

J^eoser, t Guemsey co. Ohio, 14 m. 8. £. Cain- 
bridge. Pop. 568. 

Beaver f t Greene co. Ohio. Pop. 112. 

Beoverdam^ p-v. Delawars co. N. T. 

Beaaerdam^ t Erie co. Pa. Pop. 142. 



M A fi A 

BteMrerttfe^t?. T.itntflS n. 8. E. iailfcBii&- 
to Poptcton river, abruich of the Delawue. 

AdavefHiam, eriekiGeo. runs 8. E. endftUt into 
Bri4r Cr^ck, m mile below JaekMmboro*. 

^0eoer dem, p-v. Qaeen-Anne oo. Md. 

Bener-damy p-r. Pendktton dittriot, S. C. 

Beowr lifafub, Lake MidUgan, 40 m. 8. W. 
M ftddiiaw. They aflbrd good anchorage for Tea* 
Mm. 

BeaMrUm^hoX' P*^- ^^ <^P* Beaver co. P^ at 
the junction of Bigbeaver rirer with the Ohio. 30 
nk below Pittsburg. Pop. of the borough, 361. 
It contains a conrt-honse and jail, a bank, an 
tfoademjr, and varioos maaufiustories. Initsneigh- 
boiuhood is an iron mine. 

JSeoMT Big^ t beaver eo. P«l Pop. 742. 

Beaver LUUe^ U Bearer co. Pa. Pop. 1, 144. 

Beaoer JVoW^ t Beaver co. Pa. Pop. 1406. 

Beaver SauHh^ t Beaver oo. Pa. Pop. 800. 

jyeaverf own, p-t Union co. Pa. Pop. 2,086. 

Bemifwi^X, Saroy^SO m. E. N. E. Chambeny. 

BeoiM^ ca N. C. on Pandioo Sound, at the 
ilottth of Tar river. Chief t Washington. Pop. 
^8S0 ; dares 3.655 ; engaged in agrioulture S355, 
moonmeroe 97, in manufitctnres 239. 

Beaufitrty m. and cap. Carteret co. N C. on 
Core Bound, 27 m. from Cape Look«oot, 45 8. 
l^ewbem. Lat34**42'N. Pop. about 500. Ship- 
1^ in 1815, 1,637 tons. Beaufort mief is under 
the lee shore of Cape Look-out The depth of the 
wiater on the bar ii 14 ieet Wifliin the bar is a 
Mieand spacious harbour. It is proposed to make 
thil inlet the ohannel of trade for all the riversof 
N. Carolina north of Cape Fear ; and for this pur- 
pose to connect it by canals with the Neuse, tiie 
Tur, and the Eoauoke. 

JBeov/bf^, ^tHct, 8. C. on the sea-ooast, be- 
tween Savanniih and Combaree rivers. Chief 
towns, Beaufort and Coosahatchie. Pop. 32,199 ; 
elares C7,339 ; engaged in agriculture 16,409, in 
commerce 69» in manu^ctures 168. 

Beaufort^ uo. and p-t Beaufort district, S. C. 
dft Port Royvlldand, at the mouth of the Coosa- 
batohie, 73 m. 8. Charleston, 60 N. Savannah. 
Pop. about 1,000. Shippmg in 1815, 1,537 tons. 
Its harbour is deep and lat^ge, and was once a sta- 
tion of the Britah fleet. Here is a chartered 
ooUege, with fhnds-of 60 or 70g000 dollars, with a 
handsome edifice, and schools for the preparatory 
studies ; but it is not provided with inBtrnctors in 
the studies of a collegiate course, and doesnot con- 
Ar d^gtees. The public library contsins 700 rol- 

• BemUM en VaXU, t France, in Main-and^ 
Loire, 15 m. E. Angers. Pop. 6/)00. 

Beaagmey, t France, in Loiret, 15 m. 8. W. Or- 
leans. Pop. 4,900. 

Be^eun t France, on the Ardiere, in Rhone, 27 
m.N. N. W. Lyons. Pop. 1,665. 

JSeAiAtfmeu, seigniory, Huntingdon 00. Lower 
Canada, on the 8. side of the St Lawrence, 25 m. 
a W. Montreal. 

Beffujeu^ seigniory, Huntingdon co. Lower Can- 
■d^ on the river Sorel, 28 m. S. MontreaL 

Beaul^^ r. Scotland, flows into the Murray 
frith, at the rillago of Beauley, 10 m. W. Inver* 



BetfuUeiif r. Eng. flows into the English chan- 

BR. 

BeiulieM«t France, in Correce, 18m. B.Ttdlei 
another on the Indre, opposite Loches ; another 
•Q the Loiie, 5 tt« 8. Brian. 



ȣ0 

XBeaumanMiy t. France, in Gers, 19 m. W. 9. 
ll^Auch. 

BMUfiMrw,s-p.ai]d borough, Wale^ iriandof 
Anglesey, on a bay formed by the Menai strait. 28 
m. E. 8. E. Holjiiead. Lon. 4" 15' W. Lat. 63" 
14' N. Pop. l,5ia 

Beaumee^ r. France, in Vauoluse, 15 m. N. E. 
Avignon. 

BeafOHonty t Netfierlands, 8 m. E. Manbeuge. 

Beaumont^ t. France, in Vienne, 8 m. N. N. E. 
Poitiers ; another in Perigor^ 28 m. 8. Perigeaz ; 
one in Pujode-dome,2i m. 8. Clermont*Fenand ; 
one in Seine-and-Mame, 20 m. S. FotttaJnbleaa ; 
one in Indre-and-Loire, 4 m. W. N. W. Chinoa ; 
one in Calvados. 20 m. E. N. E. Caen ; one in 
VauclTise, 14 m. N. E. Aix ; one in Drome, 5 m. 
8. E. Valence ; one in La Maache, 8 m. W. N. W. 
Cherbourg. 

BeatDfumf, sngniory, Hartford oo. Lower Csn- 
ada, on the 8. sidie of die 8L Lawrence, 11 m. E. 
Quebec. 

Beaunoni en iaTgenyie, t. France, m Araemm, 
20 m. 8. E. Mezieres. 

Beaumont de Lomagney t France, in Tsun-and- 
Garonne, 28 m. N. W. Toulouse. Pop. 34>57. 

Be<iumonlfiirOtse,t. France, 20 m. N. Paris. 

Beaumont Is Roger, t France, in Enre, 28 ulS. 
Rouen. Pop. 1,325. 

Beaumont U yieomte, t France, inSarthe, 15 n. 
8. Alencon. Pop. 2,400. 

Becnme, or Beaubu^ t France, in Cote dX)r, 99 
m. S. 8. W. Dijon. Pop. 10,1 14. 

Beattfie,t France, 25 DuN.W. Orleans. Vo^ 
2^060. 

BeauporU seigniory, Quebec co. Lower Csnsds, 
on the N. side of the St. LaWrenoe, at the omflu- 
ence of Montmorend rirer ; 3 m. N. by E. Que- 
bec. The rillage has a Catholic chiiit:fa and 
about 60 houses. 

Bemmreauj t France, in Maine-and-Loire, 25 
m. 8. W. Anrers. Pop. 1,640. 

Beaupwf ae Oroniaouc, t France, in Upper Ga- 
ronne, 5 m. E. N. E. Toulouse. 

Beauregard PEvequOj t. France, in Puy-de 
Dome. 9 m. E. Clermont-Ferrand. Pop^ 1,491 

BeaurituXf t. France, in Aisne, 16 m. £. Sois- 
sons. 

BeauHvogey r. Lower Canada, fidls into the 
Chaudiere, about 4 miles before its oonfluenoe with 
the St Lawrence. 

Beauttauiiy i. Fnnoe, in Lower Seine, 5 m. S. 
Neuichatel. 

Beautse. See Beauee, 

Beaauet, t France, in Var, 7 m. N. W. Tou- 
lon. 

Beouraif, t France, cap. of Ois^, on the The- 
rin. It was besieged by the English without suc- 
cess in 1443, and by duke Charies of Burgundy 
with a similar result in 1472, ttiough at the besiji 
of 80,000 men. 17 m. N. N. W. Paria Loo. 2* 
19' E. Lat 49° 25' N. Pop. 12,800. 

Beauvitlef t. France, in Lot and Garonne, 10 
m. N. Valence. Pop. 1,800. 

Beoupotr tur Mer^ t. France, in La Vendee, 7 
m. N. W. Chalons. Pop. 1,900. 

Bebve, n France, &lls into the Loire, opponte 
Bourbon-Lan^. 

Ber, Le, t France, in Euro, 16 m. 8. W. Rouen. 
Bee de JlbrMWVpoiinsula on the N. coast of St 
Domingo. Lon. 74'' 27 W. Let 18^36' N. 

Beconaeur, r. Lower Canada, runt into the St 
Lawrence, about 7 m. bslo# ThraeRiven^ on 
the oppofito bank. Itgiveiaameto a se^niory. 



PUP 

BmemiM, t, CkftEfieU eo. Pa. Pop.06. 
B«eia, t £d^, Suffolk co. oo the Wayeoey, 
vUok IS uTigable hkber from Yvmouth, 16 
BiOct. Pop. 3^9. 

Bukuh UBuhfimii. on the Laacfanitz, 50 m. S. 
of Prague. Loo. 14'' 19" £. Lat 4»<* 2(y N. Pop. 
1,486. ^ 

^«Qfcen, t crf'ttioPnifisian state8,m Westphalia, 
m the Wen, betwoen LippsUdt and Munster. 

BtebeL, p-t. Berkihira co. Man. 17 m. S. £. 
Uaox. Pop. 984. 

BeMamgrHie, p-t Chester co. S. C. on the Wa- 
teree, 30 m. N. W. Camden. 

Bed:mgt9nt t Eqg. Somenetshire, S m. S. £. 
Frome. 

Bteur, G[9M»onthecoastQf£gypt,12m.N.N. 
£. Alexuidria. 

^crisle, t. Eng. in Yorkshire, 8 m. fr. Richmond. 

Bedahhan, See Badakthan, 

BedBMort, See Bednare. 

Bedar^ r. Palestine, 2 m. fr. Acre. 

Bedandes, L France, in Vaucluse, 5 m. N. Avic- 
neo. Pop. IfidS, 

BtdarrioiXy t France, in Heranlt, 33 m. W. 
Moatpelier. Pop. 3,340. 

BeddrngieUf t. Washington co. Sf aina, 35 m. N. 
W. Mad^. 

Bedf^fdy comity. Ens. bounded N. and N. W. 
by Nortfaaj&pton^ire, £. by Huntingdon, Cam- 
lini%ey and Hertford, and W. by the counties of 
Baduagfaamand Northampton. It contains about 
430 tquare miles. The manufactures are plaiting 
ef straw and making thread-lace, in which nearly 
tines-fourths of the female population are employ- 
ed. Pop. 70,2ia Familiea 14,927 ; of whom 
t^l were engaged in agriculture, and 4,155 in 
BBDoiactaree. 

Bedford^ t. £ng. and capital of Bedfordshire is 
■I both sides of the Ouse, 22 m. S. £. Northamp- 
ton, SO N. of London, Lon. 0^ 27' W. Lat. 52" 
8ri¥. It cootaiiis fivechurches : three on the N. 
sad two on the S. side of the riyer ; a house of in- 
dustry, a county infirmary, a county jail, and an 
asjium Ibr lunatics. Bedford is a borough and 
earponttiosi by preecription, and has sent two 
members to parliament since the year 1295. 

Bedford^ L £ng. Lancashire, 7 m. fr. New- 
toa. 

Bedford^ i. Frontenacco. Up. Canada. 

BedfcrtLf county. Lower Canada, on the £« side 
«C Ridftelseu riT«r, and borderinff on Vermont. 

Bedfardy p-l. Hillsborough co. rfev-Hampshire, 
an the west side of the Merimac, 19 m. below 
ConoonL Pop. l;375. 

Be^ord, t. Middlesex co. Mass. 16 m. N. W. 
BoBloA. Pop. 648. 

Bedford, p-t. Westchester co. N. Y. 40 m. N. by 
£. Kew-YcHrk. P<^. 2,432. Here is an Acade- 
my. The courts are hekl alternately here and at 
White Plains. 

Btdfirdt oow Pa. bordering on Maryland. Pop. 
n^M8 ; engaged in agriculture 4,355, in com- 
mevee 41 , in manufaotuies 906. Chief t. Bedford. 

Bnj^ertf, p-t. and cap. Bedford co. Pa. 100 m. 
£. Pictsbuiig, 200 W. Philadelphia. It is regnlar- 
If ku4 out OA the W. branch of the Juniatta in a 
rQBBBDtic Spot hemmed in by mountains at the foot 
«f whioh issue the ohalyb^te qurings. Pop. 2,110. 
The ^prines, four in number, are particularly 
Wait fk ml m chronic diseases. Convement boaid- 
m^ hottses are erected and ample aoconunodatioits 
1m mim and ieold bathing, and the Biedmiiial 



B £ £ ftf 

propeft^ofthAwatws, together witl|thair ttt- 
nation in a mountainous and healthy country ren- 
der them a great seaort for invalids 

Bedford^ ca Va. on the south side of Jamee riT- 
er. Chief t. Liberty. Pop. 19,305 ; slaves 8/>43. 
Engaged inagricttltnrd 6,948, inoommeroe 36, in 
manu&ctures 351. 

Bedfind^ t Richmond co. Geo. on Savannah riv* 
er, 4 m. above Augusta. 

Bedffndj oo. West TennesKe, on Dock river. 
Pop. 16^012. Slaves 3,566. £ngaged in agricul- 
ture 3,307, in commerce 16, in manufacture* l37. 
Chief t. Shelbyville. 

Bedferdf p-t. Henry oe. Ken. 

Bedford, t Lincoln co. Missouri. 

Bedford, Cope, N.£.eztremity of New-HoUand. 
Lon. 214^45' W. Lat. IS*' 16' S. 
. Bedii de Gomera. See Gemera. 

Bedminder, t. Somerset co. N. J. 20 m. N. W* 
N^-Brunswick. Pop. 1,383. 

Bedmintter, t Bucks co. Pa. Pop. 1,248. 

BedkaL See Bethnal Green. 

Bednort, or Biddanore^ district Hind, in tM 
N. W. extremity of the territories of Mysore, on 
the summit of the western Ghauts. 

Bednore, t Hind, capital of the district of Bed« 
nore, 187 m. N. W. Seringapatam, 330 S. S. £• 
Bombay. Lon. 74'' 48' £. Lat 13° AT N. It was 
formerly a wealthy and niagnifioent city contain- 
ing 20/)00 houses, but is now reduced. At tbft 
period of its capture by Hvder Ali, the plunder 
gained from it was computed at 12 millions stei^ 
ling. That sovereign changed its n^me to Hyder- 
nagur. Lon. 75*' 6^B. Lat. 13^ 48' N. 

Bedomm, wandering Arabs who inhabit the 
desert Many tribes are notorious robbers, so th^C 
it is dangerous to pass through any territory oc- 
cupied by them. They are dii^med in gseat 
numbers throughout Asia and Africa. 

Bedwin, Ortat, t £i^. Wiltshire, 6 m. W. 
Hungerford. 

Beekmarir ^ Dtitchess oo« N. Y. 13 m. £. Pous;|i- 
keepsie. Pop. 4,257. It contains 4 meesmg 
houses of the Friends', 1 of the Dutch Beformad 
and 1 of the Baptist societies. 

BuknutfUomij t. Clinton oo. N. Y. Pop. 1,34^. 

B^erCs'ferrju p-v. Cumberland co. P^ 

BeeWu^ or Beekehj t of the Prussian statesi in 
Westi^ia, 12 m.£. N. £. Arensberg. 

Beer, Betnick^ Bir, or Biradtehiik, t. Asiafcio 
Turkey, on the left bank of the Euphrates. Itie 
a thorou^fare from Aleppo to Oi&, Diarbekir« 
and Persia. Formerly dboriddrable trade w^a 
carried on to Bagdad by mefiis of vessels desoend- 
ing the river. 67 m. fr. Orfa, 115 S. W. Diarbe- 
kir, and60N. £. of Aleppo. Lon. 38** 6'£.I«^t 
36*48'N. 

Beer, oxBere Regis, t £ng. Doraetshira^ 9 m. 
fr.Blandford. 

Beer Evdr, t Palestine, 3m. S. Nvmrelh. 

BeeralMton. See BerealdotL 

BeeringUBe^, on the W. coast of N. Ametioft, 
Lon. 22 r £. Lat 59^ 18* N. It was formerly eliU- 
ed Admiralty bay. 

Beering'e hlmi, an onu^btted iskiid in the 
JSk. Pacific ocean, 104 mOea long by 16 broad. 
Lo».167*'E.Lat65'N. 

Burxng*9 SiraUt^ the narrow aea betwate the 
W. coast of N. America and the E. coest of Asia. 
In the narrowest part in Lat 66^ it is 39]Ailas 

Btedmof t iatbi PrwiaaaMifl^ onthe^pn^, 



9i 



B E t 



10 DL S. W. Frankfort on the Oder, and 40 E. S. 
£. Berlin. 

Beetlofi, t Eag, Cheshire, 7 m. W. Nantwich. 

Befortf county of France, now included in the 
department of the Upper Rhine. The town of 
^efbrt lies at the foot of the Vo^ges, where 6 higfi 
roads meet : 2 from Switzerland, 2 from Paris, one 
from Lorraine, and one from • Strasborg;. Pop. 
6,000. 35 m. S. W. Colmar, 70 S. W. Straaburr. 
Lon.r6rE.Lat.4r38'N. 

B^emder^ province, Abyssinia, havings Dembea 
W. Amhara 8. Samen N. and Angot E. It is 180 
miles long, and 00 broad. 

Beggenried^ ▼. Switzerland, in Unterwalden, 
pa the lake of Lucerne, m. fr. Stantz. 

BegKerme^ country, Central Africa, has Bomou 
N. Bergoo £. and Cassina W. 

Behaban^ t Persia, m Fan. Pop. 10,00a 153 
m.fr. Shiiu. 

Be/drat d MerdJ, lake, Syria, 21 m. E. Damas- 
ous. 

Bthm^t Canalf channel which separates the isl- 
ond of Revilla G^edo from the N. coast of Ameri- 
ca. 

BtkHngU Ithmd, See Beering*t hland, 

BgOf or JBero, in Alentejo, Portugal, compre- 
hends 1 city, 3 towns, and 21 parishes. Pop. 9,000. 
72 m. S. S. E. Lisbon. 

B^gWf district Hind, in Candeish^ about 150 
miles long, and 30 broad. 

Bet^juntr, er Viaiapeurj a proyinoe of Hindoe- 
tan, bounded N. and E. by Aurungnbadand Beder, 
8. by North Canara and the river. Toombudra, 
and W. by the sea : about SSOmiles lon^, by 200 
broad. Four-fifths of it are subject to the Mah- 
rattas, thereitto the Nizam, lb population is 
calculated at seven millions, of which the Mahome- 
tans constitttte a twentieth part, and the rest are 
Hindoos. 

B^apwtfj or Ftfumour, city, Hind, capital of 
Bejapour ^ vince. It is a place of very great ex- 
lent, consisting of three towns within each otfier. 
The innennost is the citadel, a mile in cirouit ; 
the next is the fort, eiriit miles in compass, and 
the third is environed ny a wall. During the pe- 
riod of its greatest prosperity, it is said to have 
contained 9$4,450 houses, and 1^00 mosques. 
Tbeeitadel is a place of very ^reat strength, and 
is eneompasaed by a ditch, m most places 100 
' yards wide. There are several mosques and mau- 
toleuma adorned wifli all the embellishments of 
• eastern arehiteetore, one of which is said to have 
cost 700,0001 and to have occupied 0,533 work- 
men, during 30 years, 11 months, and II dajrs. 
Bejapour was besieced by Aorungzebe, and sur- 
rendered by capitulatifm in 1689. Lon. 75"* 48' 
E.Lat ir9'N. 

B^y or BdMy t. Spanish Estremadura, in Pla- 
otttia, 10 m. N. Coria. Pop. 4,800. 

BtiMmgm^ a county of Saxony, in Thuringia, 
belonffing, since 1815, to Prussia. The castle of 
BeidOingen is 18 m. N. Weimar, and 20 N. £. 
Briurt 

BtiUn. See Baiien. 

BeUngria, t Bavaria, 10 m. N. E. Eichstadt 

BtUMtuk^ t ProisiBn states, grand dutchy of the 
Lower Rhine, on the Moselle, 22 m. W. Coblentx. 
f^AaeHwr, 6 m. S. DiUenburg. 

BeUOdn, t Wirtembei|f, 14 m. N. Stuttgaid. 

Bmae^ m B^fnai^ t France, 8 ul S. Tulle. 
Beira, a provmoe of Portugal, bounded N. by 
Tk%i-kM«MontesuiilfiitreDueroeMinho, £.by 
SpaiOt & by Portogueae Estremadura and Alea- 



BEL 

t^o, and W. by the Atlantio. Extent 11,000 
square miles. Pep. in 1810, 880/W2. 

BetragWj t Hmd. in Orissa, 14 m. W. N. W. 
Boad. 

Beit el FaH%, t. Arabia, in Yemen, partieolar- 
ly oelebratol for its trade in ooffbe, wfaidi grows 
in the hills, distant about 00 miles. The quantity 
carried to Mocha, is about 4000 bales of 313 
pounds each. Several European powers have had 
residents at Beit el Fakih, and merchants resort 
thither from Persia, Russia, Turkejr, Baibary, 
and Africa in geneiaL 30 m. E. S. E. Hodeida, 
72N.Mocha. Lon. 43* 23* E. Lat t^'Sr N. 

BetA, t Scotland, in Ayrriiire, 8 m.N^ brine. 
Pop. of the parish, 4,060. 
> Befueal, city, Cuba, 21 m. from Havannsh. 
Pop. 2,004. 

Bduty t Hungary, in the county of Bekeseh, 
on the Black Karosch. Pop. 0^00. 

Beketeh^ {Beki Kamiegye), a county of Hunga- 
ry, bounded N. by Great Cumania and Bibar, £. 
by Bihar and Zarand, S. by Arad, and W. by Sol- 
nok and Czongrad. Poo. 92,855. 

Btkiah^ or Boqmo, isl. West Indies. 60 m. N. 
E. Grenada, 99 W. S. W. Barbadoes. Lat. 13* 
yN. 

Beia, See Baiien. 

Belu^ t Hungary, in the county of Zipe. Pop. 
2327. 

Bd'AUoMor^ t Spain, in Andalusia, 85 m-N. N. 
W. Cordova. Pop. 2,500. 

BeibeiM, t. Egypt, 35 m. N. E. Cairo, 4 N. W. 
Suez. Pop. 5,000. 

Belboy r. Piedmont, fidls into the Tanaro near 
Alexandria. 

Beltoitro^ t Naples, in Calabria Ultra, near the 
gulf of Sqnillace, 10 m. N. E. St Severina. Pop. 
2,225. 

Beleha^lown^ p-t Hampshire ca Masa. 15 m. E 
S. E. Northampton, 80 W. Boston. Pop. 2<496. 

BelcM^ t Austrian Galicia, near the river Bug, 
with a castle, 148 m. E. Cracow, 152 S. S.E. War- 
saw. Lon.24'' IS'E. Lat 50*24' N. 

BeUd Caroon. See Carovn. 

Beled el Haram^ i. e. the Holy Land of Islam, 
a district of Arabia on the coast of the Red aea. h 
extends from the port of Arabov, 21 leagues N. of 
Jedda, to a port called Almassa Ibrahim, S2 
leaofues S. E. Jeddo, 

BeledMmua. See Atmeni, 

Belemy Bellem, or Beihkm, t Portuguese Estie- 
madura, on the Tagus, 3 m. W. Lisbon. 

Belenyets t. Austria, in Hungary, on the Black. 
Korosch. Pop. 5^000. 

Bdet, SeeBalit. 

BeUte^T. Persia, flows into the Hermttnd, io 
Seistan. 

Beleter, t Pelestine, 14 m. N. Jerusalem. 

Belestnej or Belleme, t. France, in Ome, 90 m. 
E. by S. Alencon. 

Belfast, s-p. Ireland, in Antrim co. at the efflux 
of the river Laran into Carrickfergus bay, 80 ra. 
N. Dublin. The port is connected with the ex- 
tensive lake called Lough Neaeh, by a canal which 
is navigable for lighters. Be&st has considenible 
manufactures, and an extensive commeroe; (he 
principal branch of the former consists in the 
weaving off linen and cottons. There are also 
manuiiMJtories of ^ass, vitriol, pottoy, and seve- 
ral sugar refineries. The chief exports are linen, 
butter, beeSf pork, and oatmeal ; the total value 
of which, in 1810, wai 2;904,520/. Cooaiderable 
trade ia carried on with the West Indies, America, 



aoddhcrptrti of flie world. Tlw p r ogr m of 
BeUuCupopalatkmuideonmieree, faaa beenr»- 
mukabtf rapid. In 1758, the popuUtion was 
8,549» in 1782, 13,105, in 1798, 183», and in 
1 816 vaf eonpated at 30^000. The custom-hotiBe 
duties for 1800 wens, eftjML; and for 1818, 
Sfi^ni. Lon. 5»46' W. Lat 64* 35' N. 

BdfuL, t-p. and p-t Hancock co. Maine, on 
PmobseoCbaj, 9 m, ft. Castine, aeroM the bay, 40 
N. EHalloiweU and Aogvsta. Pop. 2,098. It has 
a rood harbor, and is a place of trade. Here ii an 
Acideoiy. 

BelMit Bedford CO. Pa. Pop. 1,190. 

Btlfattt p*v. Laurens diatriet, 8. 0. 

BelfonL, p-t Jackson co. Alabama. 

Bd/bnfc, or Beifbrte^ v. Eoolesiastieal States, in 
Marca d^Aaeoaa, on the ri^er Chientiy 12 m. N. 
E. CamerJoo. 

BcjM; t &ig. in Northomberland, IS m. Ni 
Alowiek. 

Be^ortf, p.T. Nash co. N. C. 

Be(fbrfe, t Italy, on the Taro, 19 m. 8. 8. W. 
Ptnna ; one in the Ecelesiafltical States, dutchy of 
UriHoo ; one in Naples, Calabria Ultra. 

£e^f< t. Pnusia, in Farther Pomoania, 38 
n. 5. W. New Stettin, 40 E. Camm. Lon. IS'^SOT 
L Lat53*S9'N. Pop. 1,85a 

Be(g«i0B,t Hind. 900 m. N. W. BeUary,onthe 
rotd to Bombay. It is a military station. 

Bdgtm, t Pmasia, on the Elbe, 24 m. N. W. 
Mei9wn,36 N. W. Dresden. Pop. 2,800. 

Beigi9joto^ t Milan, on the Po, 6 m. E. Pavia. 

Belgium, the name g^ven by the French, after 
the rerohitioa, to the Netherlands, (viz. to the 
proriooes of Umbarg^, Upper Guelderland, Ant- 
verp,uid Mechlin, and the greater part of Flan- 
den, Haioaiilt, Namur, Luxembui]|, and Bra- 
bant,) which they annexed to their empire in 
1793, and divided with the bishoprick of Liege, 
into the nine foUowinr departments : the Lys, the 
Scheldt, Gemappe, the Dyle, the Deux Nethes, 
the Sunbre and Meose, the Ourthe, the Loire, 
the Muse, and the Forets. The chief places of 
tbc«e dspartments were Bruges, Ghent, Mons, 
firoKi^, Antwerp, Lie^, Namur, Maestricht, 
and LuxemborF. Belgiom now forms an impor- 
tant part of thekhigdom of the JVefto^OmCr, which 
see. 

Btlgtnd^ t Rnssia, in Kursk. Pop. 5,500. 

Bdgrti, ?. £a. Turkey, in Romania, near Con- 
stantinople, 11 m. N. W. Pera. 

Bdmde, t Eu. Turkey, in Senria, at the con- 
flux ofthe Save and Danube, 150 m. S. 8. E. Bu- 
lla, 440 N. W. Constantinople. Lon. 20" 10' E. 
l^t44<'43rN. It consists of four parts : 1. the 
Fortresi, standing on a steep eminence in the cen- 
tre of the wliole, and commanding the Danube. 
It n i&dosed with high walls, stroiiji; towers, and 
a triple ditch, and is provided with mines and 
^b.proof casemates. 2. the Water-side Divis- 
ioQ, lying on the north, not for from the junction 
•f the two rivers, and defended in like manner by 
««lh and ditches. 3. the Aiseton town, towards 
(he west, in the direction of the Save, is indosed 
▼ith wills and pattisades ; and 4. the PaiankOj 
^f^ endrdesthe fortrMson the soutii and east 

The popuUtion is 904X10, and consists principally 

ecthe fuBilies of the Turkish Janisearies, by whom 

»<^ fort is garrisoned. Belgrade is advantageoua- 

iT situated for commerce, having an easy commu- 

nicatioD with Vienna and the Buck sea. Its sit«> 

itkaas thekey of Hungary, has frequently ren- 



BEL 



9S 



dered it the object of fierce contaDtioii between th« 
AustHans and the Turks. 

Belgrade, p-t Kennebec oo. Maine, 19 m. N. Au- 
guste. Pop. 1,1«1. 

Beigrude, p-t Pope co. Illinois. 

Belgrado, t Rely, in Lombardy, 18 m. 8. Udine, 
*7 N. E. Treviso. 

Selgram, t Hind, in Oude. Lon. 88* 9^ E. Lat 
triSTN. 

BeHan, r. Great Bukharia, flows into the Har- 
nt, 60 m. W. S. W. Badakshan. 

Beliaif or Behn, t France, 48 m« S. S. W. Bour^ 
deauz. 

BeHtM, t Prussia, in the Middle Mark of Bran- 
denburg, 12 m. a W. Potsdam, 98 S. W. Berlin. 

BeiUte, or Belae, t France, in Upper Vienne,fO 
m. N. W. Lunoges. Pop. 9,901. 

BeOagioy v. Italy, in Milan, at the 8. E. extrem- 
ity of lake Como, 19 m. N. N. E. Como. 

BeUmTf or Lei EewreuUt% seivniory, Hampshire 
eo. Lower Canada, on the N. side of the St Law- 
rence, St m. W. Quebec. 

BeUair, p-t and cap. Harford eo. Md.22 m. N. 
E. Baltimore. 

Beii-air, p-v. Lancaster distriet, a C. 

Bella hoUt. See Bwrnmui Fslande. 

BeUano, t Italy, in Milan, en the £. hank of 
lake Como, 17 m. N. N.E. Como. 

Bellnry, t Hmd. intiie Mysore, 187 m. N, Se- 
rii^patam. 900 N. W. Madras. 

BeltM^ t Portugal, 8 m. N. W. Lisbon. Pop. 
1,245. 

BeHbroekt p-t Green co. Ohio. 

BelUAUimee, v. Netherlands, near Waterloo^ 
in South-Brabant Here Wellington and Blucher 
met on the night after the battle of Waterloo, 1816w 

Bdfe-Boy, on the 8. coast of Newfoundland, N. 
of Fortune bay. 

BelU Fontame, v. St Louis ca Missouri, on tht 
S. side of Missouri riv^y 4 m. above its mouth, 15 
N. St Louis. The inhabitants are chiefly French. 

Beilefunte, bor. p-t and cap. Centre co. Pa. 
about 70 m. N. W. Harrisbur«:. Pop. 493. it 
stands at the head of boat navigation on Spring* 
creek. It is regularly laid out, and has a bank, 
and an academy. 

BeUegardet fort, France, on the side of Spain, in 
Eastern Pyrenees. It is regularly constructed^ 
and has five bastions. 4 m. S. E. Ceret, 15 a Per- 
pignan. 

Bellegttrde.t. Franoe, in La Creuse, 5 m.E. 
Aubusson. Pop. 1,687. 

Belle-Itle, isl. Ireland, in Lou^ Erne. 

BdU'Itle, or BeUeitie enMer, isl. France, in ^e 
bay of Biscay, 15 miles long, and from 6 to 18 
broad. It is 25 m. S. W. Vannes, 28 W. Guerandet. 
Len. 9" 6' W, Lat 47" 17' N. Pop. 5,570. 

BeUeiiley isl. at the mouth of the straits of Bel- 
lisle, between Labrador and the N. end of New- 
foundland island. Lon. 55* Id' W. Lat 51* 
68' N. • 

BeUemve, t France, in Allier, 25 m. S. a W. 
Moulins. Pop. 1,900. 

BtUtBtay or BeUeiiai, v. France, in Arriege, 10 
m. S. Mirepoix. 

Belleville, v. Franoe, in Seine, on a height about 
9 m. N. E. Paris. 

BeUemlle lur Sam, t France, in Rhone, 7 m. 
N. ViUefranche. Pop. 2,000. 

Belleviewy t Washington co. Missouri, 19 m. fr. 
Hercalaneum. It lies on Cedar creek, a branch 
of Big river, and is noted for Its iron oto. Huiip 



N 



nnh 



ore ii piled in each eDormotttniaHes as tooompoM 
tka eoiiff iOoUMfB extremity of a lofty ridge 500 
or 600 feet high. The town oontaini aboulM 
^families. 

BeilevOti, p-T. EiMS 00, N. J. on the Punic,6 
m. above Newark. 

BtOnHUx p-l. Wood oo. Va. on the Ohio, 5 m. 
below the mouth of Hockhoddng river. 

JBetteaitte, p-v. MiAin oo. Pa. 

BdUvilU^ p-v. Waahington oo. Pa. 

MdlemlU^ t and oap. Logan oo. Ohio. 

B^Umik^ U Richland oo. Ohio, on a W. brandi 
of Mohiooan eioeii. 

^BtUmlkt p4. St Clair 00. Illinois, ll(m. £.C%* 
liokia, 60 N. Kawkaskias. 

Bcllaviie,fief,SiUTy CO. Lower Canada, on the 
Sb tideof the St Lawnnee, 90 m« N. E. Montreal. 

Beiie^fOrBeUav^ L Fraape, in Ain, 36 m. S. E. 
JBoM. Pep. 3,776. 

Be^Ht T. Greensville oo. Va. on the Mel^iw 
rin, opposite Hicksford, 45 m. 8. Petenburg. 

BMeim^t Bnvariat in the cirele of the Rhine. 
Po^ 1,600. 

BeUU^ peviA, Seetland, in Banilshire and Mo- 
rayshire^ on the Spey, near its month. 

JBettn, t PrasBia,in Brandenboig, 18 bl N. N. 
W.Cnstnn. 

BtflhwgftfiitEaf. in Northnmbeiland, 14 m. 
N. Hexham. 

BdUM^kam, L Norlolk co. Mess, afii m, & W. 
Boston, 90 N. Providence. Pop. 1,034. 

BdHn^am't Ba^ on the W. coast of Aaerioa, 
j» the gnlf of Geofgia. It every where affinrds 
good and seoareanchoTBge. Lon. of the E. extrem- 
ity, 937* 60r £. Lat 48* 98^ to 48" 48^ N. 

J^etftiuiseWsr, v.and fort, Netherlands, in Gro- 
nincen, 7 m. E. Winsooten. 

BeilinamMf t. SwitMrland, canton of the Tici- 
no, 96 m. N. N. W. Como, 40 & Zurich. Pcm. 
1,900. 

BeUukf r. Now Branswidc, mns into the St 
John from the d 

BeUuie, StraUtifi between Kewlbaadland and 
the coast of Labrador . 

^efionn. SeeLsTvy. 

Bdlo^ifaUt^ inConneatieiitriver,atWalpole, 
N. H. In the midst of the chennel worn in the 
rook8,a huge rock remains, on each side of which 
is a passage for the water. As the E. side, howev- 
er, IS more elevated, the water, except when the 
river is high, does not pass over it ; and the whoks 
Connecticut which above is about 350 feet wide 
and 96 feet deep, shoots through a space 16 feet 
wide, desoendiog by suooessive pitches in the 
couffie of half a mile 44 feet On the western 
side of the &lls is a canal three-fourths of a mile 
long,60feetbroedat top, andl8 at bottom, and 
90 feet deep, with 7 looks. A bridge is thrown 
over the riyer, supported in the middle by the 
rock. The village of Beiiawt-FaUi dbntains « 
pott-office and several mills. 
Beflbudk, or Selpuig^ t Spain, in Cf talonia, 10 

Betf- Aodk, or Inch Cape^ a dao^srous tock op 
4iO E. coast of Scotland, near the mouth of the 
Tay, 19 m. S. W. Aberbrotfaock, in the dire^ 
tiwk of ell vessels OMged in the ooesting trade of 
the east coast of Sco&nd. A Ught4»olueisereoU 
edonit ' 

Bsttr, p-v. Wanenoo. Kegu 

Bclfcmest, 12, a monntninoQt diftriBt of Au«tr]|» 
Italy, in Lomberdy, It is rith in eon, wine, and 



nil sorts of fmifc, has exoeUeet pe^nsee end thri- 
viag cattle ; but its principal wealth lies in the ex- 
tensive forests on the sides of the moontaine, the 
wood of whieh is transported in floats oo the Pi- 
ave to the Lagunes of Venice. Popw47,600l 

Beikmoj tli casikal of Bellunese, stands on a 
hill between the Ardo and Piave. It has a Urge 
suburb called Ccwyirfefls, 14 churches, 6 cloister*, 
end a large aqueduot The main souiee of sub- 
sistence is the trade in wood. Pop. 7«40(X 43 m. 
N.Venicf^ 48 E. Trent 

B^^ t Austria, at the junction of the Dmve 
and the Danube. Popw9y600. 

Bdmonl, t on tbs coast of Syria, 8 m. 8. Tri- 
poL 

Bflmmtf t Franee, in Loire, 14m. N.£. Ro- 
anne ; one in Aveyron, 19 m. S. W. St Afiriqna. 

BdmoHi^ t Naples, in Calabria Citra, on the 
Tuscan sea, 11 m. W. S. W. Coscoaa ; one in Ter- 
ra di Lavoro, 10 m. N. E. Ponie Corvo. 

Behnant, p-t Haaoook oo. Maine, 90 m. W. 
Castine. Pop. 876. 

BtimatU^ oo, Ohio, on Ohio river. Pop. 90499. 
Engaged in agriculture 4;37l, in commerce 60, in 
manufectures 711. Chief t St Clairsville. 

Behntia^ t Italy, in Frinli, 4 m. N. Udine. 

Bdoeilj seigniory, Surrey cob Lower Canada, on 
the river Sorel, 16 m. £. MontreaL 

Bel^fin, t Italy, in the Veroneae, 10 m. N. 
Oarda. 

Be/oodMon, a country of Asia. In its nio!t 
copi^mhensive acceptation, it indudes the whole 
space within lat94« 50— 80" 40'N. and Ion. 58* 
56'— 6r aO' E. bounded N. by Seistan and Car 
bul, S. by the Indian ooean, W. by Kerman, 
and E. by Sinde. Area estimated at llBfiOQ 
mi. milesL Pop. 3|000/)0a A lane proporbon 
of the country is mountainous. Water is gen- 
erally scarce i the principal rivers being Uttle else 
than mountain torrentsy losing themselves in the 
sands, or finding their way in shallow strenmi to 
the sea. There are two great classes of inhabitants, 
the Beloochea and Brahooes, who differ from encfa 
other in their outward appearance, as well as in 
their manners. The Belooches are tall, hand- 
some, and active. They are lawless robbers, and 
undertake distant excursions in aoest of booty, 
or for the purpose of carrying ofl'uie inhabitants 
of other countries for slaves. They are Mahome- 
tans of the Soonee feith, and entertain a great an- 
tipathy to other sects. The Brahooes have short 
thick bones, round facesy and flat features. They 
are a quiet and industrious race, and, although 
equally brave, free from the predatory pursniu of 
the Belooches, 

The chief town of Beloobhistan is Kelat, where 
the khan or sovereign o< the whole country re- 
sides. His power has declined of late, in conae- 
quence of some of the tributary chiefs having de- 
clared themselves independent The total num- 
ber of troops which the khan cen raise is about 
80,00a Hmdoos reside threoghontBeloochiBtan, 
and occupy 4 or 600 of the best houses in the cap- 
ital, under the protection of gorremment They 
am aU osenpied in commercial concerns, and 
have become the wealthiest class in the whole 
nountiy. 

Bslota, t Lombuao-Vcwatiaii kingdom, 8 m. £. 
Jtn T f' JfeivaJDOk 

JBejpcdb, t France, m Aude, 7 m.N. W. Mii«- 
yoiz. Popb9g099. 

Jpe^ytEi^.iBDtibydiireb Popb6»77& Sin. 
fr. Derby. 



IIM. OfelO, on OIliOTtM', 

14 in.~& W. Marietta.^ Pon. 1,151. 

BemOrmimad £«ft2e^ theuaMMeftwonrrow 
fltzuts, wfaiGheomwct tha BaHk witfatlia Catte^t. 
Tbe Ibrmar Uaa between the itlaads of ZeaJand 
and Fimaii* and tfae latter betwan the iaiaiid of Pit* 
on and Am eoast of Jutland. 

Bdta, r. Africa, fidb into the Atkutie. Let 

Belturhei^ t Ireland, on the Erne, 8 m. N. W. 
C^fan. 

BtheAre^ L En. Turkey, near the W. ceait of 
flie Morea, onthe ske ofthe andent J^ Mm. W. 
Cori&tfc. 

Bdcedare^ t Naples, in Tnra d'Otrantn, Site. E. 
I^tanlo; one in Ptoma, 17 m. 8. Ptema; ooa in 
Calabria Citra, 15 m. S. E. Sealea. 

Befcedcre £AmI, about f4m.N. of the island of 
Baaea. LoiLlOrE. LatrifB. 

BektM^ L Fraaoe^ in Derdogne, S8 m. S. Peri- 
^enx. P6p. 1,798. 

^^eftidSerct Franklin oaVt. 40 m. N. Montpe> 
I&er. Pop. w 1810, 217. 

Bebridere^ ^t. Sussex eo. N. J. en the D^ware, 
llBLaboTeEaslon. 

J9etoi,t. Hanover, in Bremen, at the enftranee of 
teOsteintD the Elbe. Pop. 848. 

Beiaiff^ t. JVn swa, in firandenbni^. Pop. 1 ,7781 

Beiur^ t. Gnat Bokharia, 160 m. E. Badak- 
Aan. 

Behw Ttwfr, the ancient Amrci, a moantain of 
Ai>a,%1iidk7orms the boundarrof Little Bnkharia, 
t. of Belnr. 

Jg f t m sfer. BeeBeamifuter. 

Bam, t. Piedmont. 28 m. 9. Turin. Pop. 

Benmikp^ or BentUek^ t Bohemia, 8 m. S. 3. W. 
Jmifs Buntzlan, 22 N. E. Prague. 
Ben/sgutuU^ t Spain, in Valencia. Pop. 3,150. 
fieaoiffft. France, on the Loire, 9 m. E. N. £. 



BBN 



M 



naoarirnhM^ willi a pHAlM^^iliUidH 
llieyhaTe aiso the gspariatei&inee of m 



Benmr^ t. on tiie W. coast of Africa, near Sxerre 



B c iM in f , t. Spam, in Valencia. Pop. 2,250. 

Bensres, a large and valuable district, Hindoe- 
tan, on both sides of tiie Ganges between 23" and 
ST" N. lat. fiontaining 1200 square miles of fertile 
sofl, wUAprodtees all kinds of grain, and a quan* 
tily ef n^pur, in^;o, and opium. It is exceedingly 
papsikNu. In 17^ the sovereignty of this district 
nas eededtotheBritisfa. 

BenartM^ eitj. Hind. cap. of Benares district, on 
Iheir.lMmkof tfmGaiiees; inlon.83"E. lat 25'' 
aKX. 460 m.N.W. Calcutta. It is ttie ancient 
seat of Brahwinipal learning, and denominated 
^tbe VM^ City." The Hindoos oonceive that a 
person dymg at Buares, isoertain of paradise, a 
notion which oootribntes to the increase of its 
popdation. It ccmtains 12^000 itone and brnk 
hft us e s , finm one to six stories high ; and above 
IMQO mod houses. Pop. in 1800, 682,000 ; dur- 
■r the fest i v ah, tfae eoneonrse is beyond all cal- 
culation. The residence of the Engliih jud||e, 
md ami establishiDeat, is at Secrole, a pleasnt 
viDage, tibont 2 miles from the eitj, wUere there 
ii a mSitary "cantonment lor a battkiion of sepoyi. 
This citj carries on a very extensive trade with 
4[parts of India, ftis tll^ prhu^al mart for the 
4fanaidrlbimdiai!homhiesof Bundelcwid, and 
itiattanfiusturee of gold and idlverlace, siUa, and 
icanieatoafipartfof theEast. 'nia 



Chorch Mimionary Society hare lately aant aar* 



charity sdiooi, which has been very libeially en- 
dowed by a native Hindoo with tfae sum of 88^000 
rupees, or 11/KNK. Studants are admitted from 
12 to 18 years of age ; tin eeniae of study is 12 
years. In 1819, tlM number in the school wai 
121* ef whom 63 were studying English, 32P«r» 
alaa, 11 Hiadee and Sanscrit, and 15 Bengalee. 

Bmaldt, Soe BmMy, 

Bmrntmrt^ t Spain^ in Arragon, 18 m. £. N. £» 
Balbastro. Pop. 1,562. 

BefMRwnle, t. Spain, in Leoa^ 36m.S.Leon. 
Pop.2«196. 

AenAenO^isLof theHebridea» between North 
andSon&Uist Lon.rid'W. Lat5T'26'N. 

Baneoelen, the oidy Britiah settlement en the 
island of Sumatrni For a few years it was a 
dirtinct presadeBcy, but is now inooipointed with 
thatofBengaL llieoaltuie of pepper is tfae pro- 
fceaed and only object of the whole settlement, and 
it yiehls about 1000 tons. Lon. lOTlO' 15^" E. Lat, 

y4r 16* 8. 

Bai-Cnoie, or J^ie Come^ v. in the 9. part of tho 
Algerine territory, 63 m. S. W. Constantina. 

Bmia, 8eel9«fHlii. 

Bmi £Mnr, r. Persia, in Fan, flows into lake 
Batkegan. 

Bemfer, a regularly fortifled t of £«. Russia, aa 
Besnrabia,ontheDneister. In 1770, tfae Rossiane 
took it from the Turks, but restored it at thepeaoe 
of Kaynardgi They eot possession of it a second 
time ; restored it at &e peaoe of Jassy ; again 
made themselves nmsters of it in the last war, and 
retained it at the peace of 1812. 100 m. E. Jasiy, 
and lOOW. Oczakoy. Lon.29'36'E. Lat 48* 

wxv. Pop. about aoyooa 

Bender Abaui, See Goffiftnoon. 

Bender Boakaoir, See Btuhirt, 

Bender Rigk^ t-p. Persia, in Fars, ontho N. sidla 
on the Persian gulf, 35 m. N. Bushhre. The fort 
Bender Biakern is 18 m. S. E. Bushire. 

Bendor/t t. Prussia in prov. of Lower Rhine, on 
the Rhine, 5 m. N. Coblentz. Pop. l^SOa 

BendeMnt or Bend^ehe^ t Austrian Silesia, 7 m. 
S. W. Jagemdor£ Lon. IT 35^ £. Lat 481* 
53' N. 

Benedict^ p-t (%arlesco. Md. on the W. side of 
Patuxent river, 47 m. E. Wadungton, 

Bentvenin, dutchy, Italy, included in Prineipato 
Ultra, of the kingdom of Naples, but beloi^ng to 
the States of tfae Church. It consists of tSe eitjr 
of Benevento and a smaH district around it, about 
11 miles square. Pop.20/N)0. 

Benaenia, ci^, Italy, indoded in the kiflgdon 
6f Naples, bnt'm reafa^, the capifnl of « nnall 
djBtch^ belonging to tfae States of the Cfaurcfa. No 
pbtoa in Hidy, with the exceptitm of Rome, cen- 
tains so many interesting remains of antiquity aa 
Benevento. 25 m. E. Capua, 30 N. E. Naples, 
]OOS.E.Rame. Lon. U^SS^B; Lat4rrN. 
Pop. 14,000. 

^en/U&n, t Fkmce, in Lower Rhin^, 15 m. 6. 
S. W.StMbui^g. P6p. 1,290. 

Bengali an extensive aud valuable province df 
Hindostan, 400 miles long and 360 broad, situated 
between 21*" and 27° N. Let and between 86^ and 
or £. Lon. On the N. and E. it is bounded bf 
th^ motmtaina of Nepaul, Assam, and Ava ; on 
th^ B. by a line of infaospiuble and dang^fous sea 
ooiut; on the W. it joins Bataar^nd Oude» Ex- 
tsnt of the tenitorias under the Bengal pf«8idenfcy 
222ilD00sq. milei. Pop. 8IM)00,000» aooofding U 



96 



BEN 



the MtiaoiAte of HaniUoii. Itoioa produoM every 
thing reqvisitD for the laitenaiioe of life, and in 
soeh abnnchnoe that the crops of one ]^ear are rafli- 
eient fof the oooBtimption of iti inhabitants for two 
yean. The revenue! consist chiefly of rents paid 
to the government for land. In the years 1811*13 
they amoantedi inclnding those of Bahar and O* 
risM, to 3,69(M)0(y. sterling. The exports of Ben- 
gal are principally rioe, ootton and silk both 
raw and manufiMstored ; indij^ nig^f saltpetre, 
ivory, tobaooo, and drugs of various kinds. Its 
imports are gold and silver, copper and bar iron, 
woollen cloths of every deaoription, tea, salt» rlass 
and china ware. The south-east districts produce 
elephants, which are used by the opulent natives 
lor state or riding, and also for carrying the camp 
equipage of the army. Bengal is intersected by 
tiieuimges, the Brahmapootra, Dummooda, and 
several other rivers, so connected by yarious 
streams, and the annual inundations, that there is 
•oaroely a town which does not eiyoy the benefits 
of an inland navigation. The greater proportion 
of the inhabitants are Hindoos : they are very 
dark, but not so black as Africans. They are small 
and deUcate in their persons, of a timid temper, 
and excessively litigious. The Mahometans, who 
constitute about one tenth of the population, are 
the descendants of the A%faan and Mogul conquer^ 
ors, end Arabian merchants. The descendants of 
the Portuenese are numerousL The climate of 
Bengal is found to agree very well with European 
constitutions. The year is there divided into three 
seasons, via. the hot, the rainv, and the cold ; the 
former begins in March and ends in June; the 
rains then commence, and continue till October, 
after which it becomes cool, and the weather con- 
tinues pleasant for four months. This province in 
1767, fell into the hands of the English, who have 
gradually changed its form of government, and in- 
troduced a code of relations founded on the Hin- 
doo, Mahometan,and English laws, by which impar • 
tial justice is adniinistered to all the inhabitants, and 
tolerationgranted to all religions ; owing to which 
the countiy improves, and the population increas- 
es. Calcutta is the seat of government. The 
military establishment of Bengal consists of 3 bat- 
talions of European artillery, with a number of 
natives attached, for the subordinate departments ; 
1 regiment of European infantry; 60 battalions 
of native infontry, and 8 regiments of native cav- 
alry : to each company of native infiintry and troop 
of cavaliT an European officer is attached. Ex- 
clusive of the above, there are always some of the 
king^s rogiments employed under the Bengal gov- 
ernment. 

Bengal Ptu$age^ between Pulo-Brasse and Pulo- 
Way. 

Benge, r« W. Africa, falls into the Atlantic, lat 
8*50^8. 

Bengort Htad^ cape, Ireland, on the N. ooaat of 
Antrim. Lon.G'ld'W. UtSS'lS'N. 

BenfMUh territory of W. Africa, immedi- 
ately 8. of Angola. Its coast extends from Coan- 
sa river to cape Negro, from 10° d(K to 16* 15' 
&lat 

BmgiuUL, JVew, s-p. in Benguela, on Cow's bay, 
whidi affords very safe and convenient aaoborage. 
Lon.lS'dO'E. Latl3'28'S. 

Bemh r* Peru, rises in the Andes, near . 
lAke Titkaca, between ir and 18* S.lat and 
joins the Aporimac in 10" S. lat to form the 
Ucayale. 



BBlf 

B€Rie0ris, t Spain, in ValMBb, tt m. N. £. Va- 
lencia. Pop. 6,858. 

' Benft-^esMT, district, S. part of Algeics. The 
chief town is Gardeiah. 

Btmn^ a kingdom of W. Africa, extendingfirom 
the Rio Lagos to the Rio Formosa, whicbfolls into 
theAthmUcinlon.S'SO^E. The whole eoaat pre- 
sents a succession oi' estuaries, some of them very 
broad, and the origin of which has never been ex- 
plored. These streams, dividing into branches 
and intersecting the country, form a great number 
of alluvial islands, and this aspect of the <soast has 
sunrested to a recent geographer, that these isl«Dds 
mi^t form the Delta of the Niger or great centr^ 
river of Africa, the termination of whidi is invol- 
ved in so mwm mystery. The king of Benin is 
an absolute monarch. The inhabitanta are gentle 
in their manners and in agricultural iadus^ are 
superior to most of the African tribes. Benin, the 
capital, is in Ion. 6* 6' £. lat.6*15'N. 

Bsnwiie/,t. Upper Egypt, 60 m. 8. Cairo. Lat 

Benlomond^ mountain, 8ootland,riseefroiB Loch- 
lomond, to the height of 3,240 feet 

BennedBensiein^ t of the Prussian states, 13 m. I?. 
Nordhausen, 18 S. W. Halberstadt 

Ben-Mvii^ mountain, Scotland, in Dombuton 
00. the hiehest in Great Britain, being 4,370 feet 
above the lev^ of the sea. 

^enntn^ton, co. in the 8. W. part of Vermont, 
bounded N. by Rutland co. E. by WindBmm co. Su 
by MassachusetU, and W. by New York. Chief 
town, Bennington. Pop. 16,125. Engaged in 
agriculture 4,024, in commerce 38, in manufoc- 
tnres784. 

BenmngMi^ p-t. Bennington co. Vt 37 m. N. E. 
Albany, 132 W. N. W. Boston, 68 S. W. Windsor. 
Pop. in 1810, 2,624. It lies on the New York line, 
and is surrounded, except on the east, with a fine, 
fertile faiminr country. Foreini goods are gener- 
ally procured from Troy on the Hudson. TVo fii- 
mous battles were fought near this town, August 
16lh, 1777, in which General Stark, at the head of 
800 American militia defeated the British. 

Benmngion, t Genesee oo. N. T. 15 m. S. W. 
Batavia. Pop. 796. 

Benninglon^ t Mercer co. Pa. on the Chensingo 
river, 60 m. N. N. W. PitUbure. 

BenningUm^ t. Licking co. Ohio. Pop. 210. 

Benodet. See Boyne Idands. 

Benoit. See Aniant. 

Benownif t and cap. of Ludamar, in central Af- 
rica. Lon-riaW. Lat 15* 5* N. 

Baualem^ t Bucks co. Pa. on the Delavmre, 
above Philadelphia. Pop. 1^67. 

Bensbergj t of the Prussian states, in the Lower 
Rhine, 7 m. E. Mulheim. 

BenOoro, p-v. Pitts co. N. C. about 60 m. S. £. 
Raleigh. 

BeMheim^ t in the grand dutchv of Hesae, i»in- 
cipalitv of Starkenbuig^, 8 m. S. I>armstadt, 20 X. 
Heidelbeig. Pop. 3,100. 

Benrington^ or JScnson, v. Eng. in Oxfordshire, 
46 m. from London. 

BmMn,p-t Rutland ca Vt onLakeChamplain, 
57 m. N. Bemuqgton. Pop. in 1810, 1,561. 

Bent ereekf p-v. Buckingham co. Va. 112 m. W. 
Richmond. 

Benthem^ a county of Germany, indudad in 
the kingdom of Hanover. It oontama 440 iqaaie 
miles and 2M,000 inhabitants. 

Btnihem, the chief town of Bantheun oeoaty. 



B E R 

S2 m. N. W. Mojoster, 38 W. Osnabnick. Loo. 7"* 
6' E. LaLSrW N. Fra. 1,650. 

BaUmdt Pointy the N. £. point of Hindiinbrook 
ialaody N. W.coast of Amenca. Lon. 214* 24' E. 

Bentinek^a Armt^ 2 branches of an inlet on the 
N. W.coast of America. Lon. 233" to 233^ 21' £. 
Lat 52" to 52» 25' N. 

BmH^snOe^ p-T. Halifax co. N. C. about 60 m. 
E. Raleigh* 

Benitm^ p-L Ontario co. N. Y. on the W. side 
of Seneca Lake; S. W. Canandaig;ua. Pop. 
3J57. 

BenweU% t £n^. in Northumberland, 2 m. W. 
Newcastle. 

fioiO) district of CMebesy on the sea-coast, ex- 
tending E. from the river Bampang, to the point of 
Lassoa. 

Berar, province, Hind, belonging to the Mahrat- 
tas and Nizam. 

Beral^ or Ardaulk Bdgmdt, t Eu. Turkey, in 
Albania, 40 m. N. E. Aulona. Pop. 12,000. 

Bermtn^ X. Bohemia, cap. of a disbict Pop. 1,857. 
14 m. S. W. Prague. 

Btrmatka, r. Bohemia, which flows into the MoI« 
da a at KofUganaL 
Bertuta, See Btma, 

BerhertLt district, Africa, extending from the 
straits of Babehnandel to Cape Cruardafui. It is 
the native coiintrj of myrrh, incense, and gums, 
which are export^ thence to all quarters of the 
world. 

Btrban^t Africa, capital of the Berbera district 
Here a large fair is annually held, which is resort- 
ed to by caravans from a great distance in the inte- 
rior. The aitidea sold are gum arable, mjrrrh and 
frankjocenfle. 

Berbice, r. S. America, in Guiana. It enters the 
\tlanticin UL 6* 20' N. lon.57o 16" W. Abarof 
aaod prevents any vessels drawing more than 14 
ieet water, from entering the river. 

Berbiet, a district of Guiana, which formerly 
beion^^ to the Butch, but is now in possession 
'Ji' Britain, having been finally ceded by tlie peace 
of Paris in 1814. It extends along the sea-coast^ 
150 miles from Abarry creek on the W. to Goran- 
tine river on the E. The coast is low and marshy, 
-md except at the settlement, is inundated from 
!he sea. All ^ plantations are strongly diked. 
The land is eoudnnally encroaching upon the sea. 
On many j^arts of the coast, it has advanced two 
miles within 20 years. The soil is a rich clay, and 
yields maize, sugar cane, cocoa, all the tropical 
ihiits, and all the necessaries and luxuries of life* 
The climate is very uniform, the range of the ther- 
mometer being frx>m 76* to 84^; and is much 
Healthier than formerly. The population of Ber- 
bice in 1811, according to official returns, was 
2S359, of whom 550 were whites and the rest ne- 
groes. Within a few years, however, many of the 
estates have been broken up, and the slaves trans- 
ferred to Demerara. The population at present 
B about I8g000. The exports are sugar, mm, 
nolaases, oocoa, &ic The value of exports in 1810, 
vas 51,785/. and of the imports, 191,606/. New 
\msierdam b the capitaL 

Berthemy t. NeOierlands, in Axitwerp. Pop. 
l,aS6. 

BtTckmg^ tBavaria, on the Salts, 26 m.W. N. 
W. Ratisbon. Pop. 1,400. 

Btrekinligaddmtt. of the Austrian empire, 13 
]D.S.8alt^irg. P«p.3/)00. 



B E R 



97 



Bertkelf r. Germany, runs into the Tssel, at 
Zutphen. 

Berdiczowy t. Russia, in Volhynia, 324 m. S. £• 
Warsaw. Pop. 1,341. 

Berdoa, See Bttrgtu 

BeredUton^ t and M>rough, Eng. Devonshire, 6 
m. from Tavistock. 

Bereghi county, on the N. side of the Theyas, in 
Hungary. Pop. 81,888. 

Bereht, See Bcuriot* 

Bertsford*$ Idandt^ probaUy the same as the 
SarHsnt Wandt^ in the Pacific. Lon. 128*57 W. 
Lat.50P52'N. 

Bengudsa, t Russia, on the Volga, 124 m. S. 
Saratov. 

Beresinoy t Russia, in Minsk, 44 m. N. £. 
Minsk. 

BertxinOy r. Russia, fiunous for the disastrous 
passage of the French in their retreat from Rus- 
sia, in 1812. It &lls into the Dnieper, near Ret- 
chitza. 

BtrettTidtoi, t Russia, in Tobolsk, on the Irtisch* 
40 m. E. Tobolsk. 

Beresavy t Russia, in Tobolsk, on the Soswa, 
18 m. from its confluence with the Ob. Lat. 
64* N. 

BercMorAoij t Russia, on the Ural, 140 m.E. N. 
E. Orenburg. 

Bergy formerly a dutchy of Germany, in the cir- 
cle of Westphalia, bounded N. by the dutchy of 
Cleves, E. by the county of Msrk and the dutchy 
of Westphalia, S. by the Westerwald, and W. by 
the Rhine. It belonged to the Elector of Bava- 
ria previous to 1815. It now belongs to Prussia, 
and is included in the province of Juliers-Cleves- 
Berg. Pop. 267,479. 

Bergy a county of the Netherlands, in Guelder- 
land, district of Zutpl^en. 

Berg^ r. Africa, fidls into St Helena bay. Lat. 

32»icra 

BergOy t of the Prussian states, on the Elster, 
12m.N.E.Netistadt. 

Bergamateoy a district in Austrian Italy, in the 
Lombardo-Venetian kingdom, bounded N. by the 
Valteline, £. by the Bresciano, S. by the Cremo- 
nese, and W. by the Milanese. Pop. 366,00a 

Bergamoy city, Upper Italy, cap. of Berganuueo^ 
between the rivers Brembo and Serio. It is pro- 
tected by a castle and walls. Here is a fair on 
tlie 24th of Augfust which is frequented by mer- 
chants from Italy, Germany, and Switzerland. 
The great trade of the town is in silk, which is ex* 
ported to Germany, France, and England. The 
unports are fine doth from England, France, and 
Holland, camlets from Holland and Flanders, 
coarse cloths, spiceries and drugs, from Germany, 
and com from the Milanese. ^ m. N. E. Milan, 
28 N. W. Brescia, 38 N. W. Cremona. Loa 9^38* 
£. Lat 45"* 42* N. Pop. 25,000. 

Btrgtdorfy t. Germany, territory of Hamburg, 
9 m. £. S. £. Hamburg. Pop. 2,000. 

Bergenj one of the 5 bi^opricks into which 
Norway is divided between &" 14' and 7'24'E. 
Ion. and between 59" 34' and 62" 39^ N.hLt Sq. 
miles, 14,366. Pop. 150^)00. 

Bergen, t Norway, capital ofthebishoprick and 
government of Bergenhuns. It lies at the bottom 
of a lone bay, which is inclosed on all |ides by rug- . 

Sd and barren rocks. The harbor is secure but 
e access is attended with considerable dan^r. 
The inhabitanU are employed^ chiefly in naviga- 
tion, trade, and fifhing. Driad fish and tnun oil 



13 



98 



BER 



•teODdiuigadwithtfae Dutdi, £iie:liih, Swedeiy 
and other natioiu, for com, and the necessaries of 
Mb, laO m. K. StoTenger, and 370 S. W. Dron- 
theioL Lon.7M4'£. LatMfKTN. Pop. 18,|00a 

Bergen^ t. Netherlands, 3 m. N. Alkmaer. 

Bergen^t. GexiBaD7,3 m. N. £. Frankfortonthe 
Blain. 

Btffm^t. Prania, caipkal of the island of Ru- 
gen, in the Baltic, 13 m. N. £. StraUund. Loa. 
13°34'£. Lat.54''28'N. Pop. 1,535. 

Bargen^ p*t. Geneeeeeo. N. Y. 14 m. N. £. Ba- 
tayia. Pop. 2,438. 

Bergen^ co. N. J. on the Hudson oppoaite Neir« 
Tork. Pop. 18,178; sUves 1,683; enga^ in 
agriculture 3,1^, in conuneroe 57, in manofactares 
96^ Chief t. Hackenaac. 

Bergen^ t Bergen co. N. J. 3 m. W. New-Tork; 
Pop. 3,137. Here is an academj. Bergenneds is 
the peninsula extending from Bergen S. 6 miles, be- 
tween New- York ba^ on the £. and Newark bay 
on the W. and is divided by a strait on the S. from 
StatenUand. 

Bergm-op^Zoom^otBerg'^'Zoomt t. and fort, 
Natfaerhuidi, in North Brabant, near the East 
Scheldt, with which it has communication by a 
eanal. 18 m. N. N. W. Antwerp. Lon. 4*" 5' G. 

ut.srss'N. Pop. 4300. 

Bergerac^ t. France, in Dordogne, on the river 
Dordogue. Pop. 8,344. It was one of the prin- 
cipal strong-holds of the Huguenots. 40 m. E. 
Bordeaux. 

Bergluimt t France, in Upper Rhine, 5 m. S. W. 
SchelesUt. 

Btrgooy territory in the interior of Africa, 
bounded E. by Darfur, W. by Begherme, and N. by 
Bomou, to which it is tributary. Wara is the 
capital. 

Be/;gr-i2adb«»flem-jra«eA/)erdky-Hory, mining L 
Bohemia, 90 m. W. Prachatits. Lon. 13^26'E. 
Lat.4d^6'N. Pop. 1,434. 

Berguu SL fVinot^ t. France, in North, on the 
Colme, between Dunkirk and Mont-Cassel. Pop. 
6,100. 5 m. S. Dunkirk. 

Bergadbtrnf t Bavaria, inthe circle of the Rhine, 
6 m. S! S. W. Landau. Lon.r£. Lat.49"6'N. 
Pop. 2,ooa 

BeffAampore, fort, Bengal, 5 m. from Moorsheda- 
bad. 

Btringon, See Burinf^t Idand. 

Barkot t Saxe Weimar, 9 ni. N. Eisenbach. 

Berihamtieady t Eng. in Hertfordshire, 9 m. S. 
W. 8t Albans. Pop. 1,963. 

£efiJUey,t£ng.Glouceatershire,onthe Little A von. 

Berkioj^ p-t Bristol co.Mass. on Taunton river, 
opposite Taunton, at the head of sloop navigation; 
96 m. S. Boston. Pop. 1,060. 

Berklejf^ or Stmdiowny v. Gloucester co. N. J. 14 
m. fr. Philadelphia. 

BerUesf, co. Va. on the Potomac, W. of the Blue 
rt(%e. Pop. 11,211, slaves 1,898 ; engaged in agri- 
culture 1^1, in commerce 27, in manufactures 
606. Chief LMartinsbuig. 

Berkl^$S9und, N. W. coast of America, 70 m. 
&£.Nootka Sound. 

Berkksf SpringSy p-v. BerUy 00. Va. on the Po- 
tomac, 1 10 m. above Washington. The waters of 
the springs are warm, and thou^ weakly mineral- 
iied are much resorted to, being in a pppulout 
oountry and provided with aooommodations for 
▼iiiton. 

Btrkiy or BerkMre^ 00. Eng. bounded N. by Ox- 
foKl and Buckingham, E. by Surrey, S. by Hamp- 
shire, and W. by WUtshire. It contams 476,160 
eeresr or nearly 744 aqum milM. Popttlaiion in 



BE R 

1811, 118^277; fomilies,25/^l,of wfaiehOKiiilw. 
13,409 were engaged in agricidtore, and 7^5B4 in 
commerce. 

J3^f«t, CO. Pa. on the Schuylkill. Pop. 46,375: 
engaged in agriculture 5,217, in commeroe ISSi in 
manufactures 2,928. Chief t Reading. 

Berkihire^ p-t Franklin co. Vt. on the MiiamqQe 
river, 39 m. N. Burlington. Pop. in 1810, 918. 

BerkMhire, co. Mass. the W. part of the State ; 
Pop. 35,720 ; er^iaged in agriculture 746S, in com- 
merce 133, in manufiictures tfild. Chief L Leo- 
ox. It is crossed from N. to S. by the Green 
Mountains. Quarries of marble are opened in 
Stockbridge, Sheffield, Lanesborou|^ mad other 
places. ' 

Berhhirt^ p-t Broomeco. N. Y. 100 m. W.S.W. 
Albany. Pop. 1,502. 

Bejitkirty p-t Delaware co. Ohio, 10m.E» I>el- 
awaie, 23 N. Columbus. Pop. 19a 
BerkMhire vaUejf, p-v. Morns co. N. J. 
BeriareOy t Netherlanda, in Antwerp. Pop.3,236. 
BerlaimonU t. France, in North, 6 m. N. W. 
Avesnes. Pop. 1,550. 

Berleberg, t. Prussian grand dutchy of the Low- 
er Rhine, on the Berlenbaoh, 20 m. N. W. Mar- 
burg, 70 £. Colo^. 

fferHrij the capital of the Prussian states, ia on 
tiie Spree, in the Middle Mark of BraiMienbQi«r. 
and IS one of the moat beautiful eities of Europe, 
the circumference of its walls and pallisades is 11 
miles, and the entrance is through 15 galea. The 
streets are for the most part broad and straight, and 
the squares regular and spacious. The population 
made a rapid progress during the last century. 
In 1661 it was onlv 6,500, while in 1818 it wa^ 
182^, or including the military, 188,485. Ber- 
lin is indebted for its chief embellishments to the 
celebrated Frederick U. who ia supposed to have 
expended yearly in the improrement of this city 
400,000 dollars. The city is made up of 5 distinct 
towns. 1. Berlin Proper^ in which are the gover- 
nor's house, and the council chamber s the royal 
arsenal, from which the whole Prussian army is 
supplied with clothing; Frederick's hospital, in 
which above 800 childmi are gratuitously educa- 
ted, n. Cotn^ or Cologne on the Spree^ in which i? 
the royal castle, 430 feet in le^^ and 276 in 
breadth. This building contains the kiog's libra- 
ry, which has upwaMs of 200/)00 volumes, 
and receives a frequent increase, as two oopiea of 
every new book must be deposited in it by the 
publishers. HI. Frederiektwerder or Prederidt^s 
Jdandy containing the medical college, the old cus- 
tom-house, the old mint, the royal arsenal and 
foundery, the stamp-office, && IV. DonOumttadt^ 
or New 7\Non, containing among others, the royal 
academy of sciences, wim its elegant hall, library, 
and cabinet of medals, the observatory, the ana- 
tomical theatre, lice V. Frtderidctkidi, the largest 
of the 5 towns. Here are situated the principal 
courts of law, the porcelain manufactory, the mag- 
nificent palace of the grand master of the order of 
Malta, £c Berlin is highly distinguished for its 
manufactures : the principal articles are silk, wool- 
len, linen, and ootton goods, jewellery, porcelain. 
Sec Thenumberofmanufiicturers is about IdyOOO, 
of which number, 3/)00 are engaged in tbe silk 
manufactories, and 6,000 in the royal porceUin 
manulactory. 

Berlin was taken by the Aostriansaad Russians 
ia 1760, and was occupied byBooapaitein 1806,af- 
ter the battie of Jena. 25 m.£. BTadenbarg,4S N. 
W. Frankfort on the Oder, 75 S. W. StetSn, 900 
N.byW.Viemm. LoiLl3"2rE.]at.5r31'4ri9. 



BER 

Berlin, t Waiiunftoii ea Vt. on Onioii riTer, op- 
poote MoDtpelier. Pop. m laiO, 1^067. 

Berim^ t Worcester co. Man. 14 m. N. E. Wor- 
certer, 34 W. Boston. Pop. 62S. 

Aerffn, i^-t Hartlbrd co. Ct 11 m. a Hartford, 
S N. New Haven, on the turnpike road between 
these two cities. It is divided into three pariabes : 
Worthinrton, Kensington and New Britain. Pop. 
S;BS7. Worthin^n is the principal seat of the 
■sno&ctare of tm ware, which is carried on by 
pedlars to a very peat extent The ])edlars set 
«ff m fte antmnn m waggons loaded with the tin 
ware, together with other articles of merehandize, 
sod p t - ue e cd chiefly to the southern and western 
States. Workmen are also sent oat by water 
with a aofficient quantity of the raw materials to 
employ them during the winter and establish 
thcanielves in different towns in the interior. To 
fikem the pedlar resorts, when his stook is exhaus- 
ted, for a fresh supply. In this way a large amount 
sf goods is sold during the six or ei^t months that 
ttrrare absent 

BtH^ t. Rensselaer co. N. Y. 3S m. E. Albany, 
19&IlTroy. Pop. 1,986. 

BerUmj p-t Adams co. Pb. on Conewaga creek, 
13m. W. York, 100 W. Pbiladelphhu 

SeHm, bor. and p>t Somerset co. Pe. 25 m. W. 
Bedford. Pop. 382. 

Berime t Coshocton cow Ohio. Pop. 386. 

Berhny p-t Hunm eo. Ohio. 

BerUmhen^ t. of the Prussian states in the New 
Mark of Brtdenbuitf, 36 m. N. N. E. Custrin, 80 
CN.E. Berlin. 

BerimanBty p*T. Northampton co. Pa. 

Bermuda hmiredj Chesto^ld eo. Va. a small 
TiDage on the point of land at the confluenoe of 
the .Appomattox with James river. On this pe- 
iBDfnla,? m. S. W. of the village, is Ciljf Point, 
vhidisee. 

BermudoM^ or Somer^i hlandt^ a cluster of small 
idBnds in the Atlantic Ocean, in number about 
408» but for the most ^rt so small and barren, 
(hatihey have neither mhabitants nor name. 200 
kagoes distant from Cape Hattera^ in N. Caroli- 
ng wlddi last is the nearest land to them. They 
citend from N. E. to 8. W. about 45 miles. Then- 
vfa<^ conat issurrounded with rocks. The north 
point of the islands lies in lat 32" 34^ N. Ion. 63" 
2ir W. The largest of these islands are St. 
George;, which is 4 or 5 miles long, and 2 broad ; 
Sl David, Cooper, Ireland, Somerset, Long isl- 
and. Bird island, and Nonesuch. On the first 
Aereisatown,oontainine about 300 houses. The 
wiitar is hardlj peroeptime here. The fields and 
trees are dad m perpetual green, and so salubrt- 
eoi is the air, that invalids frequently come hither 
ferthereoovery of their health. The Bermudas 
esnlaia firom lOsOOO to 12,000 acres of poor land, 
of which nine parts in ten are either uncultivated, 
or reserved in woods for the supplying of timber 
fr boikbing small ships, sloops, axiid shallops Ux 
«Ie ; this being the principal employment of the 
iahahitnnts. Pop. estimated at 10,381 ; 5v462 of 
iriiom are whites, and 4,919 are blacks. They 
have two harvests of indmncom in the year, one 
■My, the odier in I>eoember. They likewise 
cdtivate tofaaeoo, legumes, and fhiit simlcient for 
Ifceir wants. The importi in 1809, amounted to 
£11,048, spul liie exports to £M^9. 

Bern, or Beme, a cant<m of Switzerland, for- 
K«ly the largest in the republic. Iti present 
fce uuisui es are Uri, Unterwalden, and Lucerne on 
tke E. Annan and Solothum en the N. the Jura 
JimFkAwwf^ aad Vandon the W^aadtfatt 



3,8fft 



B£R 

Vakis on the & It „ 

miles, and 2!5»000 inhabitimts. 

Bemy the capital of the canton of Berne, standi 
on the dedivit^ of a hill near te Aar, which 
washes three sides of the town. It is large, and 
in part fortified. The scenery of the environs is 
very romantic It was taken by the Ftenoh in 
1798,afler several bloody skirmishes. 60 m. a 
W. Zurich, 75 N. E. Geneva. Lett, r ST E. 
Ut46*»56'55'N. Pop. 18,340. 

Bem, p-t Albany oow N. Y. 20 m. W. Albany, 
14 from Schoharie. Pop. 6,631 . 

JBem,t Berks CO. Pa. 14 m. N. W. Reading. 

Bem^ t Fairfield co. Ohio, on teHodchodciBf, 
3 m. W. Lancaster. Pop. 923. 

Bemangy or Bemegg, district and v. 8witurw 
Und, in St Gall, 8 m. il N. £. AppenseS, 

Bemard'tOutie. See Bamonf'A 

Bemard$im^ p-t Franklin on. Mam, 6 m. N. 
Greenfield. Pop. 912. 

B«nMfdWown,t Somerset oo. N.J. Pop. 24)63. 

BmuiUy t Prussia, in the Middle Mark of Brai^ 
denborg, 14 m. N. £. Berlin. Pop. 1,600. 



Bemau, t Bavaria, 28 m. N. £'. Amboiv. 
Bemajf^ t Prance, in Ears. Pop. 6,470. 

.W.N.W.Evreux. 



Btml^uTgy a portion of the primlpaljty of Att* 
halt, in Germany, containing 330 square miki^ 
with 364X10 inhabitants, and yielding a ravcnoe 
of upwards 6f 2004XX) dollars. Bembew the 
chief town, is on the Saale, 20 m. W. Desmn, tt 
S. Magdeburg. Lon. ir62'E. LvLSrsO^N. 

Berneaslei^ t Prussian states, in Lower lUnM, 
on the Moselle, 18 m. £. N. E. Treves. Pop. 1,564. 

Berne. See Bern, 

Bemeeky t Bavaria, 8 m. N. N. £. Bayrenth. 

Bemer^i Bay^ on the N. W. coast of Amerien, 
between Point Bridget and Point St Mary. Li.t 
68*43i'N. 

BotKsso, t. Sardinia, in Piedmont Pop. 2,600. 

Bemier^e blandy on the W. coast of New-Hot* 
land. Lat24''50'S. 

Bemtiadiy t Prussia, in Silesia, on the Weida, 
20 m. £. Breslau. Pop. 2^92. 

Bemgtadty t Saxony, 9 m. S. W. Gorlits. Lon. 
14*54'£. Lat5r2'N. Pep. 1,600. 

Berrty t. France, in Mouths-of-the-Rhone, 16 
m. N. W. MarseiUes. Pop. 1,660. 

Bernfy before the revolution, a provinee df 
Ftanoe, bounded S. by La MarolM, W. by Toor- 
aine and Poitou, N. by Blaisois, Solegne, Orleaif- 
nois proper, and Gatinois, and E. 1^ NiTemcm 
and Bourbonnois. 

Berry-hiU'btuffy p- v. Putnam eoi Geo. 

BerrytUeky p-v. Logan oo. Ky. 

BerrymUty p-v. Charles co. Md. 

BerrysviUey p-v. Mecklenburg co. N. C. 

Bertehy t. France, in Lower Rhine, 16 bl W. 
Strasbnrg. Pop. 1,878. 

Bert^eiMy t Austria, in Illyria, en the Achistic, 
38 m. S. Trieste. Lnt45*2rN. 

Beruiy t Turkey, in Maraseh, on the Enpitta- 
tes, 50 m. S. Malatia. 

BersellOy t Italy, in Reggio^ on the Po, 10 m. N. 
E. Parma. Pop. 4,000. 

BerlhUty V. and seigniory, Warwick go. Low«r 
Csnada, on the N. shore of the St Lawrence, 46 
m. N. E. Montreal, 50 S. W. Three-Riven. The 
Tillage contains at least 80 houses, and many 
granaries, and store^houses of British manufac- 
tured goods. The neighbouring country is thriv- 
ing and populous, and firom it large quantities of 
grain are annually exported. Pop. of the seign- 
«ry,5»00a 



100 



B E S 



Ber&deT', wicmory, Hertford co. Lower Cena- 
da, on the 8. lide of the St Lawrence, 25 m. £. 
Quebec. 

Beriiti t. Linoohi co. Upper Canada, on Lake 
Erie, at its eaitem extremity, having Niagara 
riyeron theeaat 

BeifUj 00. N. C. on the Roanoke, at its en- 
trance into Albemarle Sound. Pop. 1,805 ; slaves 
6,725 ; engaged in agriculture 3,4^ in commerce 
11. CWrf L Windsor. 

BerHnoro, i. Italy, States of the Church, 15 m. 
S.Ravenna. Lat44*8'N. Pop. 3,50a 

BertiolOf s-p. Brazil, 15 m. S. St Sebastian. 
' BavUnOr Inoerbervie^ t Scotland, Kincardine- 
shire, on the sea coast, 13 m. N. £. Montrose. 

Berwiekt a county of Scotland, bounded N. by 
Haddington, £. by the German ocean, W. by 
Midlothian, and S. by Rosborougfashire and the 
Tweed. It contains about 446 square miles, or 
285,440 English acres, of which upward of 100,000 
are arable, and 185,000 are in hill and pasture. 
The population in 1811 was 30,779; families 
e>867,of whom 3,124 were engaged in agricul- 
ture, and 2^13 in commerce. 

Berwiek-upon-Tweedt t and county in itself, on 
the N. side of the Tweed, within half a mile of its 
confluence with the German ocean. It formerly 
belonged to Scotland, and was the chief town in 
the county of Berwick, and the theatre of many 
sanguinary conflicts between the English and 
Scottish armies. It was finally ceded to England 
in 1502; and by a treaty between Edward VI. 
and Mary Queen of Scotland, it was declared to be 
a free town, independent of both states. Many 
privileges still remain, peculiar to the town and 
Its libertiea. Its diief trade consists in exporting 
eora, pork, cm, and salmon. The salmon fishe- 
nr employs about 70 boats, and 300 men. The 
Berwick smacks that sail between London and 
that town, have long been fioned for their accom- 
modation, safety, and expeditious sailim^, and for 
many years engrossed the carrying trade for the 
Eastern district of Scotland. Pop. 7,746. 336 
m. N. W.London, 54 S. E. Edinburgh. 

BertffUk Jforth^ t Scotland, Hadilington co. on 
the Frith of Forth, 22 m. E. Edinburgh. Pop. 
1,727. 

Benriekf t York co. Maine, on Salmon fall 
river, 16 m. N. W. Portsmouth. The villa^ ex- 
tends about 2 miles along the river, and carries on 
a considerable trade, chiefly in lumber. Berwick 
haaan academy. Pop. 2,736. 

Berwick^ Smithy p-t York co. Maine, on Salmon 
full river, 12 m. N. W. York, 17 N. by W. Ports- 
mouth. Pop. in 1810, 4,455. At the landing at 
the foot of the fidls is a flourishing village. 

Berwkk^ p-t Columbia co. Pa. on the £. branch 
of the Susquehannah, opposite the fiills in Nesco- 
peck creek, 221 ul above Sunbury. 

Bermeki or AbboMown^ t Adams co. Pa. 41 m. 
S. W. from Harrisburgh. Pop. 1,207. 

Be$agn»t r. Italy, runs into the gulf of Genoa. 

Betaneon, a large, ancient, and well built city, 
France, formerly capital of Franche Comte, now 
of the department of the Doubs. It is on the 
Doubi, which nearly surrounds it It was strong- 
ly fortified by Louis XIV. Its citadel is on a sharp 
rock. 56 m.E. Dijon, 235 S. E. Paris. Lon. 6* 
2'45''E. Lat4ri3r46*'N. Pop.28,200. 

Betbormtgh I$landf in Norton Sound, on the N. 
W. coast of America. Lat. 64" lO' N. 

Beaehian^ or Fwe^ountaintj Asia, in Cauca- 
sus, the most northera range of the Caucasian 



BET 

chain. There is an establishment of Briliih mis* 
sionaries at its base, over which a native of Scot- 
land presides ; and there is a printing press be- 
lon^ng to it, from whence many religious tracts 
in the Eastern languages have issued. 90 m. fr. 
Georgiefsk. 

Bucon^ t France, in Maine-and-Loire, 7^ m. 
W. Angers. 

Betigfuim, t Wirtemburg, at the influx of the 
Enz into the Neckar, 23 m. N. Stutgard. Pop. 
1,960. 

Besots r. Spain, fidls into the Mediterranean, 
near Barcelona. 

BettarabitL, orBudnae Tartarsh proviDoe» Rus- 
sia, on the Black Sea, between the Danube and 
the Dneister. It was formerly in the hands of the 
Turks^ but in 1812 was ceded to Russia. The 
Budziac Tartars fonnerly inhabited this ooantry, 
but many of them have emigrated to the banks of 
the Kuban. 

BentatiadeTf t Iceland, on a peninsula, on the 
W. coast. 

Beuauj s-p. W. Africa, on the Grain coast. Lon. 
9"40'W. LatS'SO'N. 

Bes$e, i. France, in Puy-de-Dome, 24 m. 5. 
Clermont Ferrand. Pop. 1,338. 

Beue, t. France, in Var, 18 m. N. E. Toaloo. 

Betse-CourtenvauXf t France, in Sarthe, 3 m. 5. 
St Calais. Pop. 1,800. 

Beisinet, t Franoe, in Upper Vienne, 18 m. N. 
Limoges. Pop. 2,510. 

Betamore Head, cape, on the W. coast of Skye. 
Lon. 6" 43' W. Lat5r26'N. 

BeianMOiy the Fianum Brtgcmftum, or Flati»- 
briga of the Romans, t Spain in Galicia, 7 ni. S. 
£.Corunna. Pop. 1,600. 

Beteskoe^ t Siberia, on the Irtisch, 230 m. S. E. 
Tobolsk. 

BetfuUforOj Moravian settlements, Stokes co. 
N. C. 4 m. S. E. Bethany. 

Btikany, v. Palestine. Here is shown a grotto 
which is pretended to be the sepulchre of Laza- 
rus. It is 3 m. S. Jerusalem. Another 15 m. N. 
Jerusalem. 

Bethanyy p-t Genesee co. N. T. 6 m. S. Batavia. 
Pop. 1,691. 

Bethany^ p-t and cap. Wayne co. Pa. 50 m. N. 
E. Wilksbarre. Pop. 193. 

Bethany^ p-t Stokes co. N. C. setUed by Mora- 
vians, 9 m. N. W. Salem. It contains aboot GO 
houses. See Waehovia. 

Beihanyt a settlement in S. Africa, in Great 
Namaqualand, and formerly called Klip fountain, 
55 m. N. of the Great river, about 550 fr. Cape- 
town. The London Society, has a missionary 
here. 

Bethel^ p-t Oxford co. Maine, on the Andros- 
in, 18 m. N. W. Paris. Pop. 1,267. 
^eOuly t Windsor co. Vt 29 m.N. W. Wind- 
sor. Pop. in 1810, 1,041. 

Belhel, p-t Sullivan co. N. T. on Delaware riv- 
er, W. of Thompson. Pop. 1^96. 

Beihei, t Bedford co. Pa. Pop. 1,063. 

Be^^tBerksco. Pa. Pop. 1,294. | 

^etffteA t Delaware CO. Pa. Pop. 324. ; 

Beihd, t Dauphin co. Pa. Pop. including ! 
Easthanover and Rush, 397. I 

AtflAe/, t Lebanon CO. Pa. Pop. 2,538. ! 

Bethel, p-t Clermont co. Ohio, 7 m. & Wil- I 
liamsburg. Pop. in 1815, 100. I 

Bethel, UCiarkB CO. Otdo, Pop. 978. 

i'dAe^t Huron CO. Ohio, Pop. 164. Another, i 
Miami co. Pop. 1,04a | 



BET 

* gUfcfldbiy, a Hottentot settlementy in 8. Africa, 
mbont oOO miles east of Cape-town. It conaiftB of 
•boat 1900 penons. The Miasionaries of the 
Itoadon Society hare laboured here since 180S, 
aad with great auooen. Hundreds of Hottentots 
hrnvB beeo converted to Christianitjt and their im- 
provcBient .in civilization is great They now 
pncboeBo lea than 16 trades. 

BethetdOf a settlement in S. Africa, on the mat 
Change river,fonBerly called Orlam^s Kraal, about 
TOO miles from Cape town. The London Society 
has a missionary here. 

BeAidkeMf or Bethlehem Ephraiahj or E]^hratah^ 
t Palestine, on a moontain covered with vmes and 
otiTea, 6 m. S. Jerusalem. It is remarkable as the 
both plaoe of Christ. The manger wherein he 
was laid, is pretended to be shown. The convent 
over it ii a solid stone structure, and includes three 
religieas houses, for Franks, Greeks, and Aimen- 
jaaa. Bethlehem contains at present about 500 
Amilies. 

BeOkhem, t. Grafton co. N. H. 69 m. N. Con- 
cord. Pop. 467. 

BeAkhem, p-t Albanr co. N. T. on the Hudson, 

8 m. below Albany. Pop. 5,114. In this town 

two remarkable caves have lately been discovered. 

Bethlehem, t. Hunterdon co. N. J. on a branch 

eftfae Raritan. Pop. 2^002. 

BeAlehemj p-t. Northampton co. Penn. on the 
Lehigh, 12 m. S. W. Easton, 53 N. Philadelphia. 
Pop. Iyl36. It is a settlement of the Moravians or 
United Brethren. The situation is healthful and 
pleasant, and in summer is frequented bv gentry ' 
from the different parts. There are two ixiarding 
schools, one for young ladies, and the other for 
hoys, which are in hish, repute, and receive many 
scholars from New-^rk, Philadelphia, and other 
parts of the United States. 

Bethiehem^EoMt^ t Washington co. Pa. on the 
Monongahela. Pop. 2,239. 

BeOMtan^ Weal, t Washington co. Pa. Pop. 
2,187. 
Bethkhem, t. Northampton co. P^ Pop. 1,86a 
Bethlehan, t Stark co. Ohio. Pop. 489. 
BethJekem, p-v. Clarke co. Indiana. 
BeikldumU creA^ or VkmaiCe kiilj N. T. runs 
into the Hudson, 7 m. below Albany. 
Bethldum-eroU'ToadM, p-v. Southampton co. Va. 
Btthleah P-t. Litchfield co. Ct 9 m. S. Litch- 
field, 32 N. N. W. New-Haven. Pop. 932. 

BethnaH, or BednaU-Oreeny parish, Eng. a4Join- 
01^ London. 

0eCfetai«,t. France, in Pas-de-Calais. Pop. about 
7>000. 90 m. N. W. Arras, 134 N. Paris. Lon. 
r44rE.Lat50'arN. 

Betieg<t t £n^. in Stafibrdshire, 4 m. from New- 
eastle-under-Lme. 

BetUsy t. A. Turkey, near Lake Van, 100 m. N. 
Mosul, 1 10 E. Diarbekir. The population of the 
town and neighbouring villages is computed at 
264)00 Kurds, Turks, Armenians and Syrians. 
Leo. 4r 31' E. Lat Sr 45' N. 

Betfew Aamg n, v. Germany, in Saxe-Meiningen, 
6 m. W. Meini]^§;en. Pop. 6,520. 

BetOahy district. Hind, in Bahar, between lat 
27* and 28" N. bounded W. by the river Gun- 
dock, E. by the district of Tyrheot Bettiah city 
isflieeapitaL Lon. 84'*je6' E. Lat ST 3' N. 

BettmiUhkmd^inihe Pacific, near the coast of 

Bevflla-GiMdo. Lon. 228" 28* £. Lat 55'' 21' N. 

Setteorm^ district. Hind, in BeunU, 100 miles 

IsDglrf about 20 broad, on the N. £. bank of the 

Ganges. 



B H A 



101 



Bett^kufg% p«v. in Jerusalein, Chenango co. 
N. Y. 

Be/s, t France, in Oise, 18 m. S. £. Senlia 

Bevagna^ t Pope's dominions, in the dutchy of 
Spoleto, 15 m. N. W. Spoleto. 

BeveUmd^ Tibrth and Sauthy two islands of Neth- 
erlands, in Zeal a nd, fonned by the branches of tho 
Scheldt 

Betevy r. Hanover, fidb into the Ems, between 
West Bevem and Munster. 

Beteren^ t Netherlands, in Fhmders, 15 m. N. 
N. E. Dendennonde. Pop. 4,930. 

Beeerljfy t Eng. in Yorkshire. Its principal 
trade is in com and coal. 9 m. N. W. Hull« 30 
E. S. E. York, 128 N. London. Pop. 6,035. 

Benerhf, t York co. Upper Canada, S. W. 
York. 

Beverfyy p-t Essex co. Mass. H m. N. Salem» 
16 m. N. N. E. Boston. Pop. 4,283. It is oonneo- 
ted with Salem by a handsome bridg^ 1500 feet 
long. It has a bank, and four meetii^-housea ; 
3 for Congregatiooaliste, and 1 for Baptists. The 
inhabitants are extensively engaged inthefish^ 
'ries. 

Beeerh formerly T^fgertU vaUejfy p-t and eapi 
Bandolph co. Va. is pleasantly situated between 
two branches of Valley river, and promises to be- 
come a plaoe of considerable business. Here is 
a brick court-house and jail. 254 m. N. W. 
Richmond. 

Beoem, t Germany, in the dutchy of Bruna- 
wick, 20 m. W. Eimbeck. Pop. 1,050. 

Betterungen, t Prussian statei, in the principali- 
ty of Paderbom, on the Weeer, at the influx of 
the Bever, 24 m. S. E. Paderbom. Pop. 1,565. 

Betery>siek, v. Netherlands, 9 m. N. Haarlenk 

BevUaequay t. Italy, in Verona, 28 m. S. W. Pa^ 
dua. 

Bewyy t France, in Pas-de-Calais. Pop. 2,020. 

BeuUUpadiyt, Wirtemberg, 8 m. S. E. Stutgard. 
Pop. 1,66a 

Beuthen Ujppery t of the Prussian states, in Si- 
lesia, 40 m. S. E. Oppeln. Lon. 18^ 53^ E. Lat 
SO'iyN. Pop. 1,900. 

Beuthen Lower^ t Silesia, on the Oder, 13 m. 
W. N. W. Great Glogau. Lon. 15* 50^ E. Lat 51* 
4X N. Pop. 2,730. 

Beutedten, t Prassian sUtes, in the grand 
dutchy of Posen, 44 m. W. Ppsen. 

BeugtviUey v. France, JiT Euro, 38 m. N. W. 
Evreux. Pop. 2,450. 

Bewdky% t. Eng. in Worcestershire, on the Sev- 
ern, 33 m. W. ladderminster, 14 N. Worcester. 
P<». 3,454. 

Bex, V. Switzerland, in Vand, 43 m. S. S. W. 
Bern. 

Be^ef^/leth, v. Denmark, in the dQtchy of Hol- 
stein, 5 m. N. W. Gluckstadt. 

BejJuiry t Bengal, cap. of Cooch Behar, on the 
banks of theTorssha, in hit. 26" 18'N.lon.89* 
^E. 

B<s«otir, t Hind, on the coast of Malabar, 16 
m. S. Calicut. 

Beyramiteht citfy Asia Minor,cap.of Troas,60 
m& from the Dardanelles. 

BfiBKrv,t France, oh the canal of Lapguedoe, 
14 m. N. E. Narbonne, 38 S. W. Montpelier. Lon. 
y 11' E. Lat 43" 20' N. Pop. 14,335. 

Besoflfo, t Hind, on the Krishna, 15 m. S. E 
Condapilly. 

Bhadrinathy t. Hind, in Serinariinr, on the W. 
bank of the Alcanunda river. The concourse of 
persons is said to be annually 50^)00, who •] 



102 



B ID 



Uwir ofleriittf tt tbe ilinn« of the tempto here. 
Lou. 79*»E. Lat 30" 4dr N. 

BhagiruUy, SeeHoogfto. 

Bhagmulfy^ r. Hind, in Nepeul, which flows in- 
to the Gunduck. 

Bhaif^ong^ citr, Hind, in Nepaol. It contains 
IS^OOO honses or briok, and is the residenoeand 
seat of learning of the Brahmins of NepauL 

BnnUnu See J9ootoft* 

Bkurtmnt^ t Hind, in Ana, cap. of the Jant 
diier. Loo.Tr«8'E.Ut.«ri3'N. 

Bta/arOfdirtriet, Africa, a E. efBttsia, almost 
wholly unknown. 

Biafmrag, See BuMurot . 

Btflla, r. sepsrates Bilitz in Austrian Silesia, 
from Galicia, and falls into the Vistula ; another, 
runs into the Dunajetz. 

i^Mis, t. Austrian empire, in Galioia, 16 m. N. 
£. Fescher. Pop. 3,055. 

BuUoy t. in the kingdom of Poland, 11 m. 8. W. 
Bnese. Pop. S|79D. 

Bto/ocerUsv, t. Russia, 50 m. 8. 8. W. Kier. 
Lon.30P10'£.Ut.4r44'N. Pop. 1,839. 

Bialogni^ t. Russia, in Wilna, 8 m. S. E. 



BtaJ^feoHMn, t. Austria^ in Galicia, near the 
eeuree of the Bug, f 5 m. E. N. E. Lemberg. 

Bte^fledk, t. Russia, in Grodno, S4 m. N. Bi- 
elsk. Lon.sr30r E.UtSS^rN. P<m. 5/K)e. 

Bianoj ancient city of Hind, in Agra. Lon. IT 
irE.ULS(r'56'N. 

jBumes, isl. in the Adriatie, near the coast of b- 
tria. Lott.irSO'E. Ut45<*16'N. 

Btoneo, Lo^ t Naples, in Calabria Ultra, 12 m. 
N. E. Bova. 

Bter, t. Spain, in Valencia. Pop. 9,800. 

BtM, 00. ID the centre of Alabama. Pop. 3,876 ; 
slaves 746 ; encaged in agriculture 1,294. 

BtMimo, t Tuscany, IS m. N. Arezzo, 96 E. 
Florence. 

Bt6er, r. Suabia, falls into the Danube, near 
Leipheim. 

Biberaeh^ t. in Wirtemberg, in the district of 
the Danube, in a fertile and agreeable yalley on 
the river Riess. ft is not fortified, but has sufier- 
ed seTerely in the wars of the 17th and 18th cen- 
turies. 18 m. @. 8. E. Uhn, 48 W. 8. W. Augs> 
burg. Lon.90 4rE.Lat48»rN. Pop. 4,350. 

BibtfiHuk^ t. Bavaria, in the circle of the Upper 
Danube, m. from Augsburg. Pop. 1,200. 

Biberitt^ v. Switserland, in Solothum. 

BtfrersMtn, t. Switaerland, in Bern. 

BiMofUi, V. Sardinia, in Piedmont, near Luoer- 
na. Pop. 2,500. 

Bte, seigniorf , Comwallis eo. Lower Canada, 
on the S. side of the St. Lawrence, 153 m. below 
Quebec 

BtMneer, district. Hind, in Ajmeer, between 
]at 28" and 30" N. and lon. 72* and 75'' E. 

BseeHsr, t Eng. in Oxfordshire^ 68 m. W. N. 
W.London. Pop. 1,921. 

Bfdbe, r. fclls into the Orinoco from the W. 
near the falls of Atures. 

Bidberti^^ t Eng. in Lancashire, 3 m. from 
Ormskirk. 

Bidkerien'f,or£«Mni/al8fitf, in the Pacific one 
of the Friendly Isluids. Lon. 174* 46^ W. Lat. IST 
4T8. 

BtMseie, V. Lenbarde^VeDetian kmgdem, 2m. 
N.E. Milan. 

Bfchflfce, 1 FrsiMse, 16 m. £. Bayonne. Pop, 

V. separmlwSpaiB §nm FrHwe^ wtA 



BI O 

falls faito the bay of Biscay, between Andsy* and 
Fontarsbia. 

BUdefiriy s-p. York co. Maine, on Saeo rirv, 
opposite Saco, 38 fn. N. E. York. Pod. 1,738. 

BftAfle, Laibe,theS. W. head of Bighorn river. 

Bideford^ s-p. Eng. in Devonshire, 9 m. fixws 
Barnstable. Pop. 3,244. 

Bidourle^ r. France, &lls into tlw Mediterrana- 
an,E. ofMontpelier. 

Btdotue, r. France, runs into the Adoor, near 
Bayonne. 

BtAoat, district, Syria, bounded N. by Pake- 
tine, W. by Egypt, and E. and S. byArabm. 

BiedenkopAt of the grand dutehy of Hceee, 15 
m. N. W. Marburg. Pop. 2,60a 

Bute, or Croft, one of the Virgin islands, 9 m. 
E. 8. E. Porto-Rico. Lon. 65" 15' W. Lat. !»• W. 

Biefe/eM,t of the Prussian States, in the prov- 
ince of Westphalia. The chief trade ia in linen. 
22 m. N. Lippstadt, 25 E. Monster. Lon. 8** 2r 
£. Lat 51* 53^ N. Pop. 6,6ia 

Btefew, t. Russia, on theOka,65m. W. S. W. 
Thoula. 

Bielgmrodyt. Russia, in Kursk, 68 m. S. S. W, 
Kunk. Lon.36*54'£.Lat.50*55'N. 

Bie^lo, orBtoglio, t Piedmont, 24 m. N. W. 
Veroelli,35N.N.E. Turin. Pop. 8,250. 

Btelst, isl. Russia, in the sea of Kankoe. Lon. 
69* 14' E. Lat 73" 4a N. 

Bteisi, t Russia, in Smolensko, 50 m. N. If. E. 
Smolensko. Pop. 2, 274. 

Bte{i»-Osero, bke, Russia, in Novgorod ; the 
Scheksna flows from it 8. to the Volga. 

Bidopolje^ t Russia, in Charkov, 88 m. N. N. 
W. Charkov. Pop. 9,050. 

BieUuenk^ t Russia, in Novgorod, on lake Bie- 
lo-Ozero, 64 m. N. E. Vologda. Lon. 38* 14' £. 
Lat59*52'N. Pop. 2,80a 

Biehk^ t Russia, in Grodno, 108 m. E. N. £. 
Warsaw. Lon.23*15'E.Ut5r40rN. Pop.2gB3Q. 

Btemie, or Bid, t. Switzerland, in Bern, 15 m. 
N W. Bern. 

BiaUtnOt t Tuscany, 15 m. E. Pisa. 

Bier/Udy t Netherlands, on an island in the 
West Scheldt, 12 m. N. E. Sluys, 90 N. Ghent 
Pop. 1,100. 

Bter&y, JV*arf%, t Eng. Yorkshire, 2 m. firom 
Bradford. Pop. 4,766. 

BjetboKh, a large lake or arm of the sea, be- 
tween Dort and Gertruydenburg, in S. Holland, 
which was formed in the year 1421, by the bnrst- 
ingof the dykes. 

BiaenikaUi t. Prussia, 18 m. N. E. Berlin. Pop. 

Bidigheim^ t. Wirtembei*g, at the oonfluenee of 
the Metter and the Enc, 15 m. N. Stu^ard. Pop. 
2,200. 

Bifirm^T. Naples, falls into tiie gulf of Venice^ 
near Termoli. 

Bigbajf-^dtUmentt p-v. Johnson co. Illinois. 

Bigbmer eredt. See Makiming. 

Bigbladt^ r. Mississifypi, runs S. W. 170 miles, 
and folb into the Mississippi at the Great Gulf; 
50 m. above Natdiev. It is ntvigable in wst sea- 
sons 70 miles. 

BigUtte^ r. Indiana, runs into the Ohio, about 
16m.W,Corydon. 

B^-frone care. See Wkiie^ oo. Teonessee. 

B^gdofie flredfc, Ken. runs N. into the Ohio, 40 m. 
below Cincinnati Big'Bom-Lidtt is 8 miles 
above its month, and is a tract of land on each side 
of the river, forrowedby tihe tongues of the buA^ 
loes and deer, who liiA it for the saH widi which 



B r L 

H k ittpvQgnated. It noeirm its name tram the 
boMs of mine esonnoiis animal wluch were 
baod here, 

^%H^ '• North America, rum into the Mia- 
apori, 150 m. above the Ydlow Stone. 

Big'^flaU^ p-y. in Ehnira, Tioga eo. N. Y. 

Bighorn Biixr^ North America, riaea in the 
Rodcy mountains, near the souKes of the Platte, 
and falls into the Yellow Stone at Manners fort 
Hs length is 80O miles. In iti course it reoeiyes 
two considerable rirera, one fnaik the W. and one 
from the S. called Little Bighorn riyer. It is un- 
obstrocted byialls, and is oavigable to a great dis- 
tsBoe in canoes, through a rich open countrj. 

Biggar^ t. Scotland, in Lanark, 27 m. a W. 
Edinburgh. Pop. 1,376. 

BiggiesiMtfe, t. £og. in Bedfordshire, on the 
Ivel, whkh is nayigable to this place. 45 m. N. 
London. Pop. 1,895. 

Big-tiek,p^r, Botetourt eo. Va. 

BtgprairUf U New Madrid oo. Missouri 

Bigrirtr^U St. GeneWeye oo. Missouri. 

Bigrimr^ t. Jefierson co. Missouri. 

JB^reci, t. Delaware oo. Ohio. Pop. 952. 

Bigrtiek^ t. Pulaski co. Arkanms territory, ex- 
leads au miles along Arkansas riyer. Pop. 338. 

B^-Smdy^ cie&, Geo. runs into the Oconee, 
sboot 90 miles aboye Dublin. 

BigSeniy^ r. rises in the Alleghany mountams, 
near the heads of the Tennessee and Cumberland 
nvers, and fiOls into the Ohio between Virginia 
tod Kentucky. It is the boundary between 
these Stotesfor nearly 200 miles. It is nayigable 
to the Wascioto mountains. The east branch joins 
the sooth or main stream 40 miles above its en- 
trance into the Ohio. The mouth of Liilk Sandy 
river is 20 miles below that of Bi§ Sandy. 

Big &»eur, r. falls into the Muaouri from the 
aorth, 882 miles aboye ita mouth. 

Big tprings^ p-y. Waahington ca Md. 

Big-Jiuddjf'Creek^ p-y. Randolph co. DUnois. 

-B^iiA«,asmall kii^om of We^t Africa, on the 
Rio Grande. 

Big-FFobuii^ creek, Ohio, runs into the E. side 
oTthe Scioto, 12 m. below Columbus. 

Bihar^ a county of Hungary, bordering upon 
Transylyaniaontheeast Pop. 386,716. 

Bijo, r. Romia, issues from the lake Teletakoi 
b Kolhyyane, and joining the Katunia at Katun- 
eknia, is called the Ob or Gbj. 

Bijaghmr, ftMrt, Hhid. in AUohabad. Lon, 83* 10* 
E. Lat.24*3rN. 

B^^ore^ t. Cabul, cap. ofBijore district, 55 m. 
from the riyer Indus. Lon. 70" 43' £1. Lat 34'' 8' N. 

BiptgQ9. See Bi jst^at. 

Bikiilam^ isL in the Red sea, 24 m. from the 
Arabian ooaflt Lat 16* 18" N. 

Bt/5ea, or Bilhaoj t Spain, the capital of Biscay 
proper, is on the Ybaichalbal, 6 m. from the sea. 
It is well boilt, has a spacious harbour, and 15,000 
mhabitaiita. It carries on an eztensiye conuneroe, 
the wofA of Spain beii^ mostly exported through 
ttus dmnnel to Enrland, France, Holland, and 
otherooontriea, while the whole of the north of 
Spain is aupplied through it with foreign mer- 
chandiaeb The importa are atock-firii, Baltic 
hemp, materials for ship^buiMing, ship 8tore^ 
eoeoa^ sogar, coflee, linen, English woollen manu- 
^nres, chnigs, French wines, ftc. There are 
generally imported about 160 cwt of salt iSsh, and 
6M> bamrels of train oil. The number of y emels, 
great and vmli, that liait tiie harbour yearly, is 



BI M 



103 



between 500 and GOO. 220 m. N.Madrid. LoD.2^ 
43'W. Lat 43* 14' 16" N. 

Bihittigmd^ the usual name giyen to an ertenp 
siye region of Africa, aituated immediately S. of 
AJgiera and Tunis. It forms the transition firom 
the fertile pUuna of Barbery, to that desert of sand 
which coyers the interior Africa. The only pro- 
duct is dates, which supplies the inhabitants witii 
food, and enables them, by exchange, to procure 
the amall quantity of forei^ commodities <Mr which 
they make use. Theae tnbea are under a speciee 
of nominal subjection to the neighbouring states 
of Algiers and Tunia, though it acanely amounta 
to more than the payment of an annual tribute, 
whidi aome of them eyen refuae to pay. 

Bilgam^ a-p. on the S. Vi, coaat of Ceylon. Lon. 
80*32' E. Late^'N. 

BihlMf a amall principality in Austrian Sileaiay 
on the borders of Poland. The town of Biliti is 
on the riyer Bialy, 15 m. £. N. E. Teschen. Lon. 
ir59'£. Lat 49* 48* N. 

BiU'Birdt'Keyj isL in the Spaniah Main, on the 
Mosquito shore. Lon. 82* 54' W. Lat IT 16* N. 

BHU, r. Denmark,falls into the Elbe near Ham- 



kUenit^^ t Eng.in Essex, 24 m. E. London. 

Biileneth p-t. Middlesex co. Mass. 19 m. N. Bos* 
ten. Pop. 1,38a 

BilUtdony t Eng. 8 m. E. Leicester. 

BiUtUnut isl. between Bumatra and Borneo. Lon. 
108*E. Lat3*S. 

Billigkeimy t. of the Bayarian dominiona, in the 
circle of the Rhine, 4 m. S. Landau, 16 S. W. 
Spirea. Pop. 1,000. 

BiUtngtanf t Eng. in Lancashire, 6 m. from 
Blackburn. 

BtV/on, t. France, in Puy de Dome, 12 m. E. S. 
£. Clermont-Ferrand. Pop. 5,200. 

BilUnayah^ district. Hind, in Gundwana. Jjat 
24* and 25* N. Lon. 84* and 86* E. 

Bilit^ rock in the Atlantic, near the W. coast of 
Ireland. Lon. 10* 1' W. Lat 58*52' N. 

BiiUmMd^ p-t Caledonia co. Vt 38 m. N. E. 
Montpelier. Pop. in 1810, 433. 

fit&io, a desert of Africa, between Bomou and 
Feezan. Carayans are ten days in crossing it 

Bihah, t Hind, in Mulwah, on the riyer BeU 
wah. Lon.77»60'E. Lat 23* 33' N. 

Bilteny t Netherlands, 14 m« N. Liege. Pop. 
1,95a 

Bildcai^ t Siberia, on the Balaia, 90 m. N. W. 
Irkutsk. 

Bilitein, t Prussian States, in the proyince of 
Westphalia, 42 m. £. Cologne. Lou. 8* 8^ £. Lat 
51* N. 

fiblen, t Eng. in Staflbrdshire. Near it are yal- 
uable quarries €i free stone; also productiye 
mines of coal and ironstone, and furnaces are erect- 
ed for smelting iron ore. Here are manufactories 
lor japanned enamelled goods, and iron ware. 1 1 
m. N. W. Birmingham, 121 N. W. London. Pop. 
9,646. 

Bikion^ t Eng. in Suffolk, 9 m. from Ipswioh, 
11 N. E. Sudbury. 

Btmo, ton the N.E. extremity of the island of 
Sumbaya, on a fine besin. The British have ap- 
pointed a resident here. Lon. 118*51' E. Let r 
24' S. 

BHne^ temple and fort, Hind, m Ni^gereote. 
Lon.75*4rE. Lat 32* JOT N. ^^ 

JStmtfH,one of the Bahaauides. Lon. 79*S6r 
W. Lat. 25* N. 



104 



B I R 



Bimlipalmi^ i-p. Hind, in the Northern Circin, 
IS or 15 m. from VizagBpataiiL 
^tfia,t. Italy, on the Oglio, 10 m. N. E. Cre- 



Binaroif i-p. Spain, in Valencia, on the Medi- 
terranean, aO m. S. £. Tortosa. 

Btnofco, t Austrian Italy, 10 m. S. £. Milan. 
Pop. 4^0. 

Binbrook, t. Lincoln oo. Up. Canada. 

Binehe, t Netherlands, in Hainault, on the 
Haye. Pop. 3,000. 12 m. S. £. Mons. 

BtngwrLt a-p. Barca, in Africa, formerly a ]sm 
and iMAutifttl city, but now much reduced. It 
has a harbour for ships of 200 tons burden, and is 
defended by a wall and casUe. Lon.20"£. Lat32° 
SO^N. Pop. 5,000. 

Bingen^ t in the g;rand dutchy of Hesse, on the 
Rhine, near the u^uz of the Nahe, 19 m. W. 
Mentz, 30 S. Coblentz, 54 £. Treves. Lon. T 48" 
£. Lat 49" 55^ N. Pop. 2,003. 

Bingenhiomj in the grand dutchy of Hesse, IS 

.3. S.£.Giessen, 16 N.N. £. Frankfort on the 



Bingham^ t £ng. in Nottingham co. 9 m. E. 
Nottingham. Pop. 1,326. 

Bingham, i, Somerset co. Maine, on the Kenne- 
beck, 26 m. N. Norridgewock. 

Bingham Poini, the N. W. point of King 
George md's archipelago. Lon. 223^ 44' £. Lat 
8r4'N. 

Binghamptonj p-v. and cap. Broome co. N. Y. 
at the junction of the Chenango and Susque- 
hannah rivers ; 40 m. S. W. Norwich, 148 S. W. 
Albany. 

Bingle^y t Eng. in Yorkshire, 16 m. N. Leeds. 
Pop. 4,782. 

Biniang^ isl. off the S. coast of Malacca, at the 
^ entrance of the straits of Sincapore. Loel 104'* W 
£. Lat.rS'N. 

Biobio^ r. Chili, rises in the Andes, and enters 
the South sea, 2 leagues fr. the bay of Conception. 

Biogrady decayed place in Dalmatia. Its harbor 
is capacious and secure, 18 m. S. E.Zara. 

BioUe^ t Savoy, 12 m. N. Chamberry. 

BiolHo^ t Piedmont, 8 m. £. Bielle. 

fiiome6of^,s-p. Russian Finland, on the gulf of 
Bothnia, 65 m. N. of Abo. Lon. 2" 43' E. Lat 6^ 
30' N. 

Bir, See Beer. 

Birbhoom^ district, Bengal, 85 miles long, by 30 
broad. It is bounded N. by Monsiur and Raje- 
mahl, S. by fiurdwan and Pachete, £. by Rajishy, 
and W. by Pachete. 'Nagore was iormerly the 
capital, but the civil auUiorities now reside at 
Surool. 

Birch Ba^^ on the N. W. coast of America, in 
thejulf of Georgia. Lon. 237" 33' £. Lat 48^53' N. 

nvrchingUin% s-p. Eng. in isle of Thamet, county 
ef Kent, a member of the port of Dover, 4 m. W. 
Margate. 

Btnlft Brown CO. (^o. Pop. 2^)82. 

Birdj island, in the N. Pacific ocean. Lon. 196*^ 
8* £. Lat 23° 6' N. another in the S. Pacific, lon. 
216* 24' £. lat W 48' S. another on the coast of 
Ireland, lon. 5''28r W. lat 54"* 28^ N. another on 
the same coast, lon. 9" 40^ W. lat. 51" 28' N.,anoth- 
er near the coast of Sumatra, lon. dT* 25' £. lat I"* 
39' N. another in the S. Atlantic, lon. 38^22' W. 
lat 54"* S. another in the Indian sea, lon. 54*' 40^ 
£. lat. 3° 4a S. another on the coast of Africa, lat 
24*20' S. another in the gulf of St. Laavrence, Ion. 



B I R 

60^45' W. lat. 4^55^ N. another in the Caribbean 
sea, lon. 64*' W. lat 15"* 40r N. 

Bird islands, a cluster of islands in Uie Carib- 
bean sea, lon. 66^5aW. hit 12<* N. another, loo. 
67''46'W.latir50'N. 
f Birdsborough^ t Berks co. Pa. on the S. side of 
the SchuylkiU, 8 m. below Reading. 

BirdwUhy p-v. Burke co. Geo. 

Biredgick, See Beer, 

BirkadM, v. of the Prussian states, in the grand 
dutchy of the Lower Rhine. 25 m. £. S. £.TrGvet, 
SON.N.W.Deux-Ponts. Lon.r59'E. Lat 49* 
35' N. Pop. 1,060. 

Birket-el'Cairyn. See Caroon. 

Birkei-el'Marioub. See Mareolis. 

Birkin-Islandsy in the North sea, £. of Lewis. 
Lon. 6* saw. lat 58" 6' N. 

Birmahf Burmah^ or Birman empire^ sometimes 
called Ava, a powerful empire of Asia composed 
of the 4 ancient kin^oms of Ava, Pegu, Arracan 
and Cassay. Its limits are not accurately known, 
but it is supposed to extend from lon. 92" to 102* 
E. andfrom lat 9° to 26* N. It is bounded N. by 
Assam, Thibet and China ; £. and S. by Siam ; 
W. by the bay of Bengal, and a range of moun* 
tains, which separates it from British India. It is 
alx>ut 1;200 miles long from N. to S. but varies 
much in breadth. This empire is of modem 
origin. It is situated mostly between the trop- 
ics, but being a hilly country does not suifer 
from heat or from inundations like Hindooetan, 
and is therefore more favorable to European con- 
stitutions. The soil produces all kinds of grain 
and vegetables, and all the tropical fruits; but its 
principal production is the celebrated Teak tim- 
ber, or Indian oak, which is said to be more dura- 
ble, and to resist the worms better, than any wood 
that is known. The manufactures consist chiefly 
of cotton and silk goods, saltpetre, gunpowder, and 
various kinds of pottery. 

The principal river is the Irawaddy. The prin- 
cipal ports are Arracan, Negrais, Rangoon, Syriam, 
Tavoy and Merguis; but the government is so 
jealous of foreigners, that all commerce with Eu- 
ropeans is con£ied to Rangoon. The ancient cap- 
itiU was Ava. The present capital is Umrapoora, 
on the Irawaddy, 400 miles from its mouth. 

The population of Birmah is uncertain, but has 
been estimated at 17,000,000. The army in peace 
consists of only a few thousand cavalry, but on 
any emergency, every village is obliged to fur- 
nish soldiers according to its population. The prin- 
cipal strength of the Birmans consists of warl^ts, 
built very long and narrow, carrying from 30 to 
60 armed men, and having a piece of cannon on 
their prow. 

Ihe government is despotic In religion, the 
Birmans are followers of Boodh,and have numer- 
ous temples and idols. The character of the Bir- 
mans is very different from that of their neighbors, 
the Hindoos. They are a lively, passionate and 
intelligent race of men. Their mode of punishing 
crimes is of the most horrid kind. Among the 
modes of inflicting capital punishment wxe be- 
heading, crucifyiB|;, starving to death, ripping 
open the body, sawing it in twp, pouring red hot 
lead down the throat, plunging into hot oil, and 
Toasting to death by a slow fire. The milder pun- 
ishments are putting out the eyes, cuttine off the 
tongue, the hands, feet, ears, nose, &c. The live^ 
and property of travellers are very iiuecure in this 



B I R 

cocmtar^ the p f incy l roads and riven being; is* 
fested with robbers and murderers. 

The American Baptists hare a mission at Ran- 
goon. 

Birmmghamy a maritet t Etvland, in War- 
wicksKire, 69 m. N. W. Oxford, 87 IV. Bristol, and 
109 N. ?f . W. London. It is one of the first mann- 
&ctnrin^ towns in Europe, and is particularly 
celebrated lor articles of hardware. It is hard- 
\j possible to describe the various processes adopt* 
id in tliis wealthy and populous place, for abridg- 
ing labour. They comprehend every complica- 
ted and Lagenioos contrivance, from the most pon- 
derous manhinpn, such as steam engines, down to 
tho«e ^rhich are framed for opcratioa« of the most 
nice and minute accuracy. Under the influ^ice 
of this powerful machinery, the rude material of 
iron ia manu&ctured into all sorts of lueful imple- 
menta. A coining mill was erected here in 1788, 
which faaa since been improved so as to work eight 
machines, and is now capable of striking between 
30.aOOaiid40/XK) pieces of money in the space of 
an hour. Muskets occupy a considerable number 
of workmen, and no less than 14,500 have been de- 
livered per week into the ordnance office for the 
use oTgovemmenL Buttons of all descriptions are 
inaautectared ; and it is said, that at the pin-worka 
12,000 pins can be cut and pointed in an hour. 
Steel screwBi watch chains, and vast quantities of 
toys are likewiae manu&ctured ; and human in- 
dustry ia turned to such account, that not only 
freatnumben of women find employment, but 
childrea only a few years old, can assist in some of 
the operattoDs. There are very extensive brass 
founderies, manofiustories for whips, and many 
ethers too numerouaio be mentioned. Commerce 
is much asiated by several canab, which are of 
the moet eaaential service, byenajjling the town 
to carry on a direct intercourse witn distant coun- 
tries instead of trading with them through the 
the medium of the metropolis. 

Birmingham is not an incorporated town, and, 
Dotwithstaoding its size and importance, has no 
representation in parliament Population 85,753. 
The average of interments for six years, ending 
1801, was fbimd to be as 1 to 59, whereas in Lon- 
(]on it was as 1 to 31, and in Manchester as 1 to 
37. Dr. Price considered.Birmingham one of the 
healthiest towns in England. Birmingham has 3 
churches and 5 chapels complected with the estalK 
iishment, andS places of worship for Unitarians, 3 
ibr Independents, 4 for Baptists, 3 for Methodirta, 
2 for Roman Catholics and 2 for Jews. Among 
the public institflxtionfl are several flourishing 
sdMols, a vrofic house on a large scale, a general, 
hospital, a dispensary for the relief of indigent sick 
persona, a society for the relief of deaf and dumb 
children, an institution for the relief of persons la- 
boHng under bodily deformities, and a handsome 
theatre. 

g|y iw t wgtow, t Delaware eo. Pa. on Bnu^v- 
vine creak. Pop. 515. 

Btr«tty^gftam,t Chester cou Pa. Pop.3S3. 

Birmu^frnm^ p-t Huntingdon co. Pa. 18 m. N. 
W. HuttSgdon. Pop. 43. 

BimtL r.' Asia, forms the sontheni boundary of 
Pen, ami flows into the straits of Malacca. 

BcnuM, hiU, Scotland, in Perthshire. 

Bcren, t. JVonMi in Dordogna, 73 n^ E. Bour- 
deanz. 

Birr, fennerly caBed Pormw' Taim, Ireland, 
Kiai^en^^ m. N. £. Limeriek. 

14 



B I S 



ua 



Birij r. Switseriand, fiOls into the Rhine near 
Basle. 
Binen, L Russia, in Wilna,45 m. S. £. Mittau. 
Birttein^ t Austrian dominions, 27 m. E. N. E. 
Frankfort on the Maine. 

Birlf or Btrufgek, t Turkey, on the Euphrates. 
Pop. 3 or 4,000. 00m.fr. Orft. 
Bin. QeeBrU. 

Btrthin, r. Eng. falls into the Usk, in Mon- 
mouthshire. 
BiHleyy L Eng. 9 m. fr. Durham. 
Buaeeioy t. Naples, in principato Ultra, 40 Bfc 
£. Benevento. Pop. 4,918. 
Biscaroy t Alters, 150 m. S. S. E. Algiers. 
BiMctuf^ a province of Spain ; in the most ex- 
tended sense, it comprises the 3 piovinees of Ala- 
va, Guipuscoa, and Biscay proper, and is bound* 
ad E. by Franco, N. by the bay of Biscay, W. by 
Las Montanas de Santander, and S. by Burgos. 
Biscay preserves a marked distinction from the rest 
of Spain, and though each of ita component parte 
has its own constitution, the whole forms a kind 
of separate state, governed by a provincial assem- 
bly, according to ancient laws and usages. The 
king of Spain, who is simply styled lord of Biscay, 
has no right to impose taxes, but a demand is 
made in his name, and the supply is mnted in 
the shape of a donative, or free • gift ; tne mmwM* r 
ofraisiog it remaining with the provincial sUtei. 
Sojealousare the Biscayans of their liberties, that 
no custom-house was allowed till lately within the 
province. Population, 310,758. Chief pkces, 
Bilboa, in Biscay proper; Vittoria, in Alava; 
and St Sebastian, in Guipuscoa. 

Biteay Proper^ a district of the foregoing prov* 
ince, is inclosed by the bay of Bisoay, Old Castile, 
Alava^ and Guipuscoa. Pop. 120,00a The 
coast is inhabited by seafaring people and fisher- 
men ; and in the interior, immense quantities of 
iron ore extracted from the ore, and wroi^t into 
different articles. The foreign trade of the pro. 
vince is carried on at Bilboa. 

BUcay, Bay ofy that part of the Atlantic ocean 
which lies between the island of Ushant in France, 
and Cape Ortegal in Spain. It washes the weit 
coast of France, and the north coast of Spain. 

Biicay^ Bayof^ on the S. coast of Newfound- 
land, between Cape Raerfiid Cape Pine. IiOiu 
5y6'W.hit46«50'N. 

^tseoy, Aew, formerly a province of New 
Spain, and dpw forming part of intendanoy of 
Durango. 

Biteayno^ isl. in the gulf of Florida. JLiOD. 80* 
23'W.l»t.25«55'N. 

Bitchoftheim^ t Baden, on the Tauber, 32 m. 
E. Heidelberg, 64 S. £. Mentz. Lon. 9° 40" £. 
lat49*34'N. Pop. 1,873. 

Bitduifthemj v. Germany, in the territory of 
Frankfort on the Maine, 6 m. E. N. £. Frankfort 
Bigekoftheim-am'Sttum, v. France, in Lower 
Rhine, 2 m. N. Strasburg. Pop. 1,406. 

Biachofttein, t. E. Prussik, 4i2 m. S. Konigt- 
benr. Pop. 2,230. 

Sisthofstoerda^ t Saxony, on an island in the 
river Wesenitz, 20 m. E. Dresden. 

Biaehofsuterder^ t Prussia, 63 m. S. S. E. Dant- 
zic Pop. 1,200. 

Bitehofi-ZeUy t Switzerland, in Thurgau, 13m. 
S. Constance. Pop. 1,750. 

Bisrhweikr^ t France, in Lower Rhine, 10 m. 
N. Strasburg. jPop. 3,400. 
Biseglia^ t Naples, in Terra di Bari, near the 



u» 



B I T 



Adriatic. Itistheaeeofabuhop. Pop. 10,600. 
6iilE. ofTrani. 

Bisentina^ iiL Italy, in the lake oTBolsena. 

BitetUg, L Moravia, 14 m. S. W. Hradiaeh. 
Pop. 2,550. 

hueria^ t, Africa, in Tunis, on the coast Lon. 
10»rE.Lat37'irN. 

BiMesh, t. Eg^pt, 40 m. N. £. Cairo. It ap- 
pcan to be the ancient Bubatie^ celebrated for its 
relirious rites and fiachanalian. orgies. The re- 
mains are still stupendous. 

BiMhcp and his CUrkt^ rocks off the coast of 
Wales, at the entrance of St. George's channel. 
Lon. 6" 2ff W. lat 51" 54' N. 

BithnpU Cattle^ t Eog. in Salop, 16 m. 8. S. W. 
Shrewsbury. Pop 1,367. 

Buhop^t laland^ on the W. coast of Ireland. 
Lon. 9* 35' W.lat sr 38'N, 

BiahMi't Itiandty amour the Hebrides. Lon. 
r36'W.lat66'48'N. 

Biihopndef L Eng. in Tovkshire, 3 m. fr. Rip- 
pan. 

Biakop Siortford^ t Eng. in Hertfordshire, on a 
canal, which commonioateB with the Lea, 30 m. 
N. London. Pop. 2,680. 

BithopU Waitkamy t. Eng. in Southampton, 10 
m.S. S. E. Winchester.* Pop. 1,530. 

BiAtp fVearmoulh^ parish, Bug. in Durham. 
Pop. 7,000. 12i m. fr. Durham. 

Bettffiaito, t. Naples, in Calabria Citra, 14 m. 
N.Coasenza. Lon. 16''33'E.lat.3Jr32' N. 

BiiUj/^ t Eng. in Gloucestershire. Pop. 4,757. 
to m. 8. S. £. Gloucester. 

Bimagar^ or Ammgoondy^ city Hind, on the S. 
bank of tlie river Toombudra ; formerly populous, 
but now in ruins. 260 m. fr. Seringapatam, 386 
fr. Madras. Lon. 76** 34^ E. Lat. 15" 14' N. 

Bimety district. Hind. Ijring between Boigal 
and Assam, on the N. side of the Brahmapootra 
river, between 2r and ST N. lat 
' Bimee, t.Bootan, near the borders of Bennl, 
186 m. N. £. Moorshedabad. Lon. 90* 46' £. Lat 
«r28'N. 

Biuaeoiy a group of small islands, which lie 
df the W. coast of Africa^ near (he mouth of the 
Rio Grande. See BuUma, 

Bistao, one of the Bissagos islands, 40 miles 
long by 30 wide. LoS: UMO' W.Lat ir24' N. 

Biuolee, t. Hind, capital of a district, in the 
province of Lahoire, on the Ravy. It is fortified, 
aadconunands the r«wd to the Northern moun* 
tains. Lon. 74'4«'E. Lat 3^22' N. 

fitmo^pere, t Hind, in Allahabad, at the junc- 
tion of the Dewah and Ganges. Lon. 841 40^ £. 
Lat.25«40rN. 

^ufufilpore Ootakf t. Bengal, on the Ganges. 
Lon. 8r 62' E. Lat 25* 20' N. 

Bittinemi, lake Louisiana, communicates on 
the South with Red river, and receives Dacheet 
river on the North. 

Bistrianka, i. Russian Tartaiy, on the Don, 
100m.£.N.£. Asoph. 

BiMtrUz^ r. runs between Transylvania, Bako» 
wine, and Moldavia, and falls into the Sereth. 

Bistriis^ royal free town in Transylvania, 42 m. 
N. N. £. Clausenburg, 256 E. Vienna. Lon. 23" 
64'E.Lat4T»14'N. Pop. 4,000. 

BiilfUMOj r. Austrian Galicia, frlls into the 
Dniester at Mariempot 

Bfcu^o, r. Russian Tartary, runs into the sea of 
Asoph, 48 DL S. W. EiskoL 

BiUn^ t. Naples, in Terra di Bari« 10 m. S. S. 
W.Bari. Lon. 16* 46' E. Lat 41" 8' N. 



BLA 

Biiford^ t Eur. in Warwieksbire, oq tiie Aftm^ 
7m.W.S.W.Stratfoni. 

Biionio^ t Naples, in Terra di Baii, 8 m. 6. 
Bari. Lon. 16* 40^ E. Lat 41* ir N. Pop. 13,700. 

BUtch^ t France, in Moselle, at the loot of the 
Vosges mountains. It was fortified by Vaubna. 
and was one of the barrier fortresses delivered 
over for a limited time to the Allies, by the ooo- 
▼ention of Paris in 1815. 16 m.E.S.E. Saffaflmines, 
18 E.Weissembourg. Lon. r 30* £. Lat 49* 4' N. 

Biilburgf (BedaQ t (^ the Prussian states, in 
the Lower lUiine, 30 m. N. E. Luxemburg; 

BUterfdd, t of the Prussian states, in Merae* 
beiqF, on the Mulda, 16 m. 8. Dessau. Lon. 12* 
23' E. Lat 51*39' N. Pop. 1,46a 

Biwnraiy or Pedro ShoaU^ on the Spaniah main, 
30 m. S. Jamaica. Lon. 7r to 78* 20^ W. Lat 

iris'N. 

Bisarre if2e, at the entrance of Ottawa river 
into the St Lawrence, N. of Montreal 

BiMtrUh t Tunis, on the site of the ancient 
Jiyr^^ 30 m. N. Tunis. Lon. 9* 48^ E. Lat 37* 

BlaMurn^ t. Eng. in Lancashire, on the Der. 
went The manufactory of cotton goods is very 
extensive ; about 26^000 pieces are made weekly, 
which gives employment to 13^000 penons. The 
Leeds and Liverpool canal passes by this town, 
and is of essential service to its trade. Pop. in 
1811, 15/)e3. 42 m. N. E. LiverpooL 

BkLMwm'SpringB^ p- v. Jackson oo. Ten. 

Black endkt S. C. runs into the Pedee in Liber- 
ty county. 

Blael^ord, t Posey oo. Indiana. 

Btaek Forest, See Forest, BiaeL 

BhuithiaU Head, the N. cape, at the entrance of 
Bantiybay. Lon. 9* 55' W. Lat 51* 32' N. 

Blaekheady the S. cape of Gal way bay. Lon. 9* 
ll'W.Lat5yrN. 

Bladdieath, hamlet, Eng. on an open and eleva- 
ted situation, at the N. W. extremity of the county 
of Kent 

Bladdieatk, p-t Randolph co. Illinois. 

Bladckorse^ p-v. Burlington co. N. J. 12 m. from 
Trenton. 

Black-horse^iavent, p-v. Chester co Pa. 

Black Island, t. Hancock co. Maine. P<^. 9. 

Black Lake, or Ostpegatehie, N. Y. in St Law- 
renoe co. It is about 20 miles loqg, and 1 or 2 
wide. It is the expansion of Indian river, and 
communicates by an outlet 3 miles long, with Os- 
wegatchie river, 7 miles above its entranoe into 
the St Lawrence. 

Black Lake, r. Louisiana, rises in the N. W. 
<part of the state, passes through Black Lake, 
which is 15 or 20 miles loQg, and joins the Salim^ 
8 m. N. E. Natchitoches, to fonnthe Rigolet de bon 
Dieu. 

BlaeUesfy t. Eng. in Lancttdiire,3 m. N. E. Man- 
diester. Pop. 2389. 
■pkuk Lick, p-t Indiana co. Pa. Pop. 1,303. 

Black Lidk, r. Ohio, Joins tfie Bi;g Walnut 9 m. 
above its entrance into the Scioto, and 10 S. £. 
Columbus. 

Blackness, v, Scotland, in Linlithgow, oa the S. 
bank of the Forth, 16 m. W. Edinburghv 

Black Mfr, cape, on the £. coast of Ireland. 
Lon. 5* 24' W. Lat 54* 21' N. 

BUtABmfr, Vt runs into Lake Bfemp 
another, runs into the Connecticut at Sp 

Black Rwer, N. Y. runs into Lake Ontario 
above Sackets-harbor, in Hungry-bay, after a 
northerly course of 120 miles. At the Junction 



BL A 

of Moon Tif «r, it fidb over a inrttdpiee 63 feet 
hi|^ Lang FaU$ is 46 m. bcloWf and is the 
descent of the river by saooessive pitches of 14, 
12,ittiftfect,iiiacfNir9eof 14miles. Over the 
hstdescoit, at Brownyille, mills are erected. The 
Bkek BxBtr ominlry is fertile and rapidly settling. 
Bhtk Rucr^ N. C joins Cape Fear riyer, on the 
L 23au above Wilmington. 

BhtA Bimr^ Ohio, runs into Lake Erie, 30 m. 
L Ssadusky-hay. 
Biatk Ruer, p-t. Huron oo. Ohio. Pop. 354. 
BkA iZicer, AliehigBn territory, runs W. into 
Lske Michigan, nortn of the river St Joseph's. 

Bktk Stioer^ Miasouri, rises near the sources of 

the Merrinsck and the Gasconade, and running 

in a soatherly dirsctum is joined by Current, 

Thomss, %MrBig and Strawberry, larse rivers from 

the west, amr which it flows into Sie Arkansas 

territoiy sad unites with the White river 50 m. 

beloirtfae town of JLawrenoe in about Ion. 9S* W. 

1st. 5G* N. It is navinble more than 100 miles for 

lane boats. It flows through a very frrtile country. 

Bkti IZiKr, t. Wayne oo. Missouri. 

BMiRmr. Se^WaehUa, 

BktkBiodt^iBh in St. George's channel. Lon. 

rfT'W. ut.5naN. 

BkA Rackj harbcir,.itt Fairfield, Ct. 

BkdsTodt^ p-v. Niagara co. N. T. on the Niaga^ 
IS, Sol below BoflUo. It ia at present the station 
for tiie steain boats and c^er vessels employed in 
the nsvigition of Lake Erie, and the lakes above. 
A mole is now constructing for the purpose of 
Conning a harbor in the rivor oi^waite to this vil- 
hge. it wfll extend from Bird island in Lake Erie 
to Squaw island below the rapids in Niagara riv- 
«,sad thane to the United States' shore, thus 
ibnnii^ a harbor of 2 miles in length and of the 
ctjaci^ of 900 acres, opening at one end into the 
Lake by a mouth SBOrods wide, and at the other 
coDDected with the Erie canal which will be sup- 
plied from it witla water. The first pier, which 
musQDkan 7di Sept 1822, is 50 feet long, 18 
vide and 14 higii, compMed of a strong frimie of 
vhiteoak timber,filled with 600 or 700 tons of stone. 

Blaekrodty U £ng. Lancashire, 5 m. S. Chorley. 
Pop. 4,111. 

Black See, or Euxine Sea, a laige inland sea. 
Partly ia Europe, and partly in Asia, bounded W. 
by Earapean Turkey, E. by Mingrelia,Circas8ia, 
and Georgia, N. fcy Russian Tartary, and S. by 
Hstolia. U is 93SI miles long, on an average 3^ 
broad, 3,800 in circumference, and contains, 
SXMXX) sq. miles. The principal ports are Odea- 
M, KiabiDD, Cherson, Nicoleui; Sevastopol the 
diicf station of the Russian fleet, and Caflii. The 
Tartu fonnerly would not sufier Europeans to 
ungate this sea, but by the treaties concluded in 
1774 sod 1791, they allowed a Russian navy to be 
fttrmed and to have a free passage through the 
Dardanelles. This sea was in 1784 opened to 
Aiatria, and afterwards at the peace of Amiens 
to the Prussian, Spanish, Neapolitan, Dutch, Ra^ 
^«n, ud English merchant flags. The corn- 
move faaisinee that period greatly increased. In 
1803, 815 vessels entered the Russian ports from 
theMeditenwiean. Of these 552 were for Odessa. 
They came chiefly in ballast, and returned loaded 
with com. 

SkdbotfPMnl,Irdand,theaCapeof theMul- 
Wt Lon.irsS'W. Lat54*fil'N. 

Bkdalone Riter. SmPahuM. 

Bbdb Stadu^ p-v.Chester district, 6. C. 

MlaA ammp, p4r. St Peter's pariah, 3. C. 



B L A 



107 



SladcwaB^ hamlet, Eng. a^oining London, on 
the E. side of the Thames. Here are very exten- 
sive docks and yards for shipping. The wet docks 
are the most spacious and the best oonstmoled of 
any in Great Britain. 
BUick Walnut, p-v. Halifax ca Va. 
Bladt WarrUtr^ot Codo, r. Alabama, enters the 
Tombigbee from the E. 80 miles above St. Ste- 
phens. It is navigable for boats to the falls near 
its source : 500 miles by water from Mobile; thence 
to Huntsville is 100 miles, over a good road. 
Goods have been brought from Mobile to Hunts- 
ville in 30 dajTS. 

BUuhoaUr, r. Eng. Joins the Chelmer at Maiden 
and flows into Blackwater bay. 

BladcwaUr, r. Ireland, falls into the sea at Youg • 
hall bay. ^ 

BiaekwaUr, t Ireland, 5 m. N. N. W. Armagh. 
Blackwaiery r. N. H. flows into the Contoocook, 
in Hopkinton. 

Bladttvaier, r. Va. joins Nottaway river 5 m. above 
the boundary of N. Carolina. 

Blackwater, r. Michigan, which runs into Lake 
Michif^an, SO m. N. of the St. Josephs. It is 60 
miles m length, and navigable in canoes nearly to 
its source. 

Bladen, oo- N. C. on the S. side of Cape Pear 
river. Pop. 7V278 ; slaves 2,788 ; engaged in ag- 
riculture 3^417. Chief t Elizabethtown. 

Bladenrimrg, p-t Prince George's co. Md. on the 
E. branch of the Potomac at the lerks, 6 m. above 
Washington city. Here is a chalybeate spring of 
strong medicinal properties. In 1814, the Ameri- 
cans here sustained a defeat in an action with the 
British, which was followed by the capture of 
Washington. 

BlmnviUe,t France, in La Mandie, 5 m. W. 
Coutances. 

BkdfwilU mr VEau, t. France, on the Meurthe, 
12 in.S. E.Nancy. 

Blair Aihol, v. Scotland, in Perthshire, 28 m. fr. 
Perth. 

Blair Oowrie^ v; Scotland, in Perthshire, 17 m. 
fr. Perth. 
Blairmlle, p-v. York district, 8. C. 
BlaiamM, district, of Old France, on both sides of 
the Loire. Blois was the capital. 

Blmiton, t France, on the Loiroi in Maine-and- 
Loire, 9 m. S. E. Ai^rs. 

Blaiu, Cape, W. Florida, between the bays of 
Apalache ana St Joseph. 
Blahely, t Luzerne co. Pa. Pop. 450. 
Blakely, p-t. Mobile co. Alabama, on the Ten- 
saw or Eastern outlet of Mobile river, 10 m. from 
Mobile bay, and 15 E. N. E. the town of Mobile. 
Lat 30^43^ N. Its site is an elegant and pleas- 
ant spot, well supplied with good water. It is also 
well situated for commerce ; vessels drawing 1 1 
feet water can enter the port at full tide, and the 
same wind that enables a vessel to enter Mobile 
bay will carry her to the wharves of Blakely. It 
is also connected by a good road with the rapidly 
improving country on the Alabama. It is a new 
town ; the settlements commenced in 1817. 

Blakeelmrgf t Penobscot co. Maine, 20 m. N. 
Bangor. 

BUamni, t France, in Meurthe, 16 m. E. Lune- 
ville. Pop. 1,860. 
Blanai, t Spain, in Catalonia. Pop. 3,600. 
Blane, Mtmi. See MorU Blame, 
Blane-tn'Berry, Le, t France, in Indre, on the 
Creuae, 32 m. w. 8. W. Chateauroux. Lon. 1* 
8'E. Lat4r3rN. 'Pop.34S6. 



106 



B L A 



Bkuuka^wrk, r. (HiicH tfaeE. hrvxh d the 

BUmekenber^ t Netherlands, in Flanders, 9m. 
N. Bruges. Pop. 1,916. 

Blanco^ Cape^ Eu. Turkey, on the S. coast of the 
Morea. Lon.tr Stf-E. Lat.36'44'N. 

BkmeOj Cape^ on the S. coast of Sicily. Lon. 13" 
IffE. Ut.35"28'N. 

Bltmto, Camtf on the N. coast of Spain, in Astn- 
rias. Loa.r54'W. Lat43"35'N. 

Bkmeo^Capej Naples, on the £• coast ofCalabria. 
LoD.irS6'E. Lat3y69'N. 

£&»M0 Cope, W.Africa. Lon. 16" 58' E. Lat 
W47'N. 

SUtneo^ Cmae^ Peru, the S. point of the rulf of 
Tttmbes,orGaayaqaiL L6n. 81<=> 6' W. Lat 4*" 

Id's. 

BZofuso, CV^M, S. America, the W. point of the 
bay of Salinas. I^t.lO^N. 

Bianco^ CapA, on the N. W. coast of New Albion. 
Ut^a^&H. Lon. 235" so* W. 

BUmdfbrdf t. Eng. in Dorset, on the Stour, S3 
BlW. Salisbury. 103 W.London. Pop. 2,425. 

Plandf&rdt L Oxford co. Upper Canada, on the 
Thames. 

Blmfidford, p-t Hampden co. Mass. 16 m. W. 
dpringfteld. Fop. 1,515. 

BUmdford^ t Prince George co. Va. It is inclu- 
ded in the borough of Petersburg, and is on the 
Appamatoz, below the town, and separated from 
H ^ a small creek. 

JBionef , (anciently Blanda^ 8-p.NSpain, in Cata- 
lonia, on the Mediterranean, 34 m. N.E. Barcelona. 
Lat. 41*' 42' N. Pop. 3,60a 

Bhngii^ or Blanof^ t France, in Lower Seine, 
16m.E.Neulchater Pop. 1,715. 

BUmgy, t. France, in Calvados, 28 m. E. 
Caen. 

Bkmkenherg^ t of the Prussian states, in the 
dutchy of Ben, on the Sieg, 12 m. W. Bonn, 20 S. 
E. Cologne. Pop. 1,900. 

Blan&nhurfi^ district, in the dutchy of Bruna- 
wick, containmg 143 square miles and 12,000 in* 
habitants* The principal sources of revenue are 
the iron mines, the forests, and the marble quar- 
ries. Blankenburg, the chief town, is at the foot 
of a mountain, on which stands a castle. Pop. 2,700. 
7 m. £. S. E. Wemigerode, 9 S. Halberstadt. Lon. 
10^67'E. Lat6r48'N. 

. Blankenburg^ t Germany, in the principality of 
Schwartzbuig-Rudolstadt, 5 m. N. W. Saalfeld. 
Lon. ir2r£. Lat.50"39'N. Pop. 884. 

Blankmue^ t. Denmark, in Hobtein, on the El- 
be, 9 UL from Hamburgh. Pop. 2,000. 

BUtnkenhayH, t Saze Weimar, 9 m. S. W. Jena. 
16 S.E. Erfurt. Lon.ll0 2aE. Lat 50" 61' N. 
Pop. 1,970. 

BlaxikmiUin^ Hesse, province in the principali- 
ty of Upper Hesse. Pop, li;310. 

Blannerhanefs Island^ a beautiful and fertile 
island of about 300 acres, in the Ohio river, oppo- 
site Belpre, 13 m. below Marietta. 

Blanqueforl^ L France, in Gironde, 5 m. N. W. 
Bordeaux* Pop. 1,990. 

Biamae^ t France, in Charente, 12 m. S. W. 
Angouleme. Pop. 980. 

Blanturt^ v. Scotland, in Lanark, 2 m. from Ham- 
ilton. Pop. 2,092. 

BlaringfwKi^ v. France, in North, 33 m. N. W. 
Douty. 

Blarney v. Ireland, Cork ea 25 m. W. Cork, 

Biat^ c^ty S. America, on the coast of Dmraen, 
18 m. from Porto Bello, 62 fhm Carthag^. 



B LO 



Bfoifce<ff,or FerriUnldaindt^ attiie eaCnaoe ef 
Dingle bay, Ireland. Im. W9X W. LaL fiT 

BlaUkttipgor^^ t. Ene . adjoining Hndder^kU 
in Lancashire. Pop. 2,4»0. 

BUUna, t Bohemia, 44 m. S. 8. W. Prague. 

B^drt46eiMm,t.Wirtembcrg,7m.W. Ulm. Loo. 
9'48'E. Lat. 48' 46' N. Pop. 1,75a 

Blayt^ t France, ou the Giitmde. Its faaibor 
is capacious, and much frequented. Wine, brandy, 
and corn are exported to a considerable amount. 
Pop. 4,700. 21 m. N. Bordeaux. Lat 45* 
8'N. 

Bhehmglqf^ t. Eng. in Surrey, 20 m. S. Lon- 
don. 

Bleehington, v. Eng. Oxfordshire, 6 m. N. Ox- 
ford. 

Bieekedcy t Hanover, on the Elbe, 20 m. E.N JL 
Lunebuig. Pop. 1^8. 

BletUocn CO. East-Tennessee. Pop. 4^005; alavcB 
961 ; engaged in agriculture 1,054, m eammerotS^ 
Chief town, Pikeville. 

Bleieherodcy t Prussian states, in the provinee 
of Saxony, 9 m. S. W. Nordhausen, 90 N. Mnhl- 
hausen. Lon. 10" 35' E. Lat. 51' 96" N. Fop. 
1,900. 

Bleistein^ t Bavaria, 22m.E. N. E. Asiberg. 
Lon. ir2rE. Lat.49"38'N. Pop. 2,050. 

B/cfctngen, district of Sweden. It has Smahmd 
on the N. Schonen on the W. and the Baltic on tl^ 
S. and E. Sq. miles, 1,127. Pop. 67,200. Carls- 
crona is the capital. 

Bleneauy t France, in Yonne, 28 m. W. Aoxerre. 
Pop. 1,100. 

Blenheim^ v. Bavaria, in the circle of the Upper 
Danube. It is on the Danube, and will for ever 
remain famous for the great victory obtained in its 
vicinity on the 13th August 1704, by the Engiish 
and Imperialists, under ue duke of Marlborough 
and prince Eugene, over the French and Bavari- 
ans, commanded by marshals Tallard, Mstfsin, and 
the elector of Bavaria. The loss of the French 
and Bavarians exceeded 30,000; that of the aOliet 
was 12/100. 2m.N. E. Hochstadt, 8 aW.Dana- 
wert 

Btenham^ t. Oxford ca Up. Canada. 

Blenheim, p-t Schoharie oo. (NY.) S. Sdioliarie. 
Pop. 1,826. 

bleraneourty L France, in Aisne, 10 m. N« W. 
Soissons. Pop. 892. 

Biere, t France, in Indra-and-Loire, 15 m. £. S. 
E. Tours. Pop. 2,560. 

Bfese, t. France, in Upper Loire, 39 m. N.W. Le 
Puy. Pop. 1,414. 

Bkwrie<t seigniory, Bedford co. Lower C*auada, 
on the river Sorel, 25 m. S. E Montreal 

BUeateaHeUk a lordship of the Prussiuk etatec, in 
the mnd dutchy of the Lower Rhine. The town 
of BUesscastell is on the river Blies, 5m. W. Deux- 
Ponts, 10 E. Sarrebrudr. Pop. 1478. 

BUgK't Itland, off the N. W. coast of America, 
in Prince William'b sound. Lon. 213* 43* £. Lat. 
60*52'N. 

BHgnjf tur OttfAet, t. France, in Cote dX>r, 22 
m. S. W. Dijon. 

BlilA«,r.£ng.runs mto the Trent, 4m. N. E. 
Litchfield. 

Blodi liland, off the coast of Rhode latand, 24 
m. S. S. W. Newport, 21 E. by N. firom MonUuk 
point on Long Island. * It constitutes the town of 
/few Shoreham, in Newport county. It is about 7 
miles long and 4 broad. Pop. 955, Lon. 71"* 30' 
W. Ut.4r8'N. 



B LO 

fibcfcl9.t. Phil^elpiiui eo. P^oii^« Sdrayl- 
kill, 3 m. W. Fhiladelphk. Vop,%fi5S. 

BMtdfrgt or the Broekm, (Mont Bruetenu,) 
the ptineipu mountain of the HartE, in the Pnu- 
sisn fCatei^ not &r from Elbineerode. Ita height 
is 3,000 fiKt Lon. 10"96'3S''E. Let 51* 4» 

Biockgui^ t Netherhukli, in Orerywel, on the 
£. side of the Znyder-Zee, 28 nu S. Lenwarden, 
32W. N. W.Coevorden. Lon. 5** AT £. Lat. 52" 
4S N. Pop. 1^400. 

Bhitj an ancient cit^ of France, capital of Loire 
and Cher, on the dedivity of a hiU, on the right 
bank oitht Loire. The trade of the town con- 
siits in wme, bnndy^oom, wood and firuit ; there 
are mmmiirtnrea d aerge, stunine, and other 
cloths, as well as of haniware and glass. The 
sorroonding country is fertile and agreeable ; and 
the prospect from the hill, on which the town 
ftanda, is one of the most beautiful in France. 
96 m. S. W. Orleans, 36 N. E. Tonn, 109 S. 8. 
W. Piris. Lon, r aO'E. Lat.4r34'N. Fop. 
14,900. 

Siomtm^ or B^tao^a small river^ Silesia, in 
the principality of Oppein, which fidls into the 
Oder, about 7 miles below the town of Oppeln. 

BUn^ntn^ p-t Bedford oo. Pa. 

fiioem, p-t. Columbia co. Pa. Pop. 820. 

Biaom^ t. Fsii&ld co. Ohio, 7 m. N. W.Lan- 
cuter. Pop. 1,6 13 ; another in Scioto oo. 16 m. E. 
Portsmooth. Pop. 205; enother, Morgan eo. 
Pop. 44S. 

Bhowi^Uldy p-L Somerset oo. Maine, 7 m. E. 
Norridgcwock. Pop. 889. 

BhmmJiekL.V'L Ontario co. ML T. It is divided 
into East and West Bloomfield. East B. is6,and 
Weit B. 12 m. W. Canandaigua. Pop. 3,621. 

Bi99mJ6dd^ p-t Essex co. N. J. 5 m. N. W. New- 
ark. Pop. 3^085. In its vicinity are quarries of 
iree stone. 

BlMmJUld^ p-t. Crawford co. Pk. Pop. 214. 

BUfimifiMt p-v. Loudon CO. Va. 

BhomfiM, p>v. Nelson co. Ken. 

Bkoa^/Uid^ p-t Trumbull eo. Ohio, 15 m. N. 
Warren. Pop. 166 ; another, t Jefferson co. 14 
m. W. StnuboiTiUe ; another^ p-t. Pickaway co. 
Sm. N. Cvdeville ; another, t Jackson co. Pop. 
318 ; another, t Knox co. Pop. 468. 

Btoamingtary, p-T. in Mamakating, Sullivan 
CO. N. Y. 

BAjtmiugJaU, Y, on the Hudson, 7 m. N. New- 
fork citj» 

B lo o ming gi mtf p-t. Orange co. N. T. 12 m. W. 
Wcjt Point Pop. 1,219. Here is an academy. 

BiboMMngigroec t Richland oo. Ohio. 

Btommngtkufg^ t Fayette oo. Ohio. 

B/ooMtfi^lofi, p*t and ci^. Monroe CO. IndiuMu 
It onntains a court-house and jail, and about 300 
inhabitants. Two townships of land are flven 
far the establishment of a State College, which, it 
is expected, will be located at this place. 

BlommngniUet p-t Huron co. Ohio. 

Biooms6uyg:, p-v. Northumberland co. Pk. 

Bkamaburgf p-v. Haliftx eo. Va. 

Bi$omtburgn p-t Hunterdon co. N. J. 

Bitr€ Hfl^ t Eng. in Stallbrdshiie, fiunoos 
far the battle fought September 1459, between the 
adherents of the houses of York and Lancaster.* 

Btemf, oo. Alabama, on the Tuscaloosa river. 
Fop. 2,415 ; slaves 175 ; ongaged in agriculture 
905, in eemmeroe 1, in manu&dures 22. 

B<sioil,oo. Enst Tc na awee , on the 8. rideef 



B O C 



109 



Holston river. Pop. 11,268; tbvM IfiSH; enga* 
ged in agriculture 1,531, in com me ree 10. Chacf 
tMarysville. 

BhnmitvUk^ p-t and cap. Sullivan co. £. Ten- 
nessee, 130 m. N. E. Knoxville. 

Blue eatih^ r. Louisiana, runs into the Kansas. 

BkttfiMt Bayy on the S. W. coast of Jamaica. 
Lon.78'W.Latl8»10'N. 

Bhuhmy p-t. Hancock co. Mame, 12 m. N. E. 
Castine. It is attheheadof BluehiUbay. HeM 
is an academy. Pop. 967. 

BhteLiek, Vjpper^ p-T. Fleming ,co. Ken. on 
Licking river. 

Bhbt Lwk, Lower, See ElHimlle. 

Blue Bidge^ a range of mountains, Virginia, E. 
of the Alleghany range, and parallel with it, di- 
viding the State into two parts, neariy eqnaL 
NeartheS. line of the State it bends westwani 
and unites with the Alleghany range. Among its 
summits are the Peelct ofOlter^ whidi see. 

Bhteroek^ r. Muskingum co. Ohio, on Musking- 
um river, 8 m. below Zanesville. Pot. 557. 

BlueUonet r. Va. runs into the Kenhawa, in 
Giles county. 

BhtewtUer^ r. Missouri, runs N. into the Missoa* 
ri, 9m. below Kansas river. 

Bluff epringt^P'r, Jeflfersonco. MississippL 

Bhtffloih t Howard oo. Missouri. 

Bhonberg^ t in Baden, 10 m. N. Scfaaffhausen. 

BtoKn^an, 1 8witierland,ll m. 8. S. E. Benk 

Bhmienf^ v. Hanover, 12 m. N. W. Bremen. 

B^fihborough^ t 'Es^. in Suffolk, 4) m. from 

Bly^ t Eng. 3 m. N. Nottingham. 

Bhfihe^ s-p. Eng. in Northumberland, at the 
mouUi of the Blythe, 12 m. from North Shiekisy 14 
from Newcasde-on-Tyne. 

Bo Itlandt^ in the Eastern seas, E. 8. E. Gilolo. 
Lon. I26» 25' E. Lat r 17' S. 

Boad, t Hind, in Orissa, on the Mahanuddy. 
Lon. 84M8' E. Ut 20*60' N. 

BoardmarL, p-t Trumbull co. Ohio, 10 m. S. E. 
Warren. Pop. 604. 

Boainut, p-v. Clermont co. Ohio, 
. Boat^yardy p-v. Sullivan co. TennesMe. 

JBoMto, t Sardinia, in the hollow of the Appe- 
nines, mi the left bank of the Trebbia, 24 m. 8. S. 
E. Pavia, 30 N. E. Genoe. Lon. 9* 12'E. Lat 
44*45'N. Pop. 3,56a 

BoMto, V. Piedmont, near Lueenuu 

BobenhauMen^ t in Hesse, 13 m. N. £. Darm- 
stadt. 

Bober^ r. Silesia, rises on the Bohemian frontier, 
and falls into the Oder, near Crossen. 

Bo5en6er;, t Prussia, in the New Mark of 
Brandenbun^, on the Bober, 6 m. 8. Crossen, 70 
£. 8. E. Berlin. Pop. 978. 

BobOee^ t and Ibrtress of Hindostan, 32 m. W. 
Cicacfde. Lon.83"28'E.Ut 18*2rN. 

£o6tiig«n, t. Bavaria, 9 m. S. Augsburg. Pop. 

' BoArMmtofcstt Poland, 24 m. W. N. W. Lub. 
lin. 

Bobfwki t Russia, en, the Beresina, in Minsk, 
32m.W.Rcgntchev. LatSTlO'N. 

Boea dd Drago^ the W. entrance into Almirante 



Bo 



toea Eeeomdkbh bay, in the bay of Campeachy, 
on the ooast of Yucatan. Lat1flr50'N. 

Boea do Pan^r, Peru, nmt into the bay of Turn* 
bes. 

Boea del Tbre, the entrance |ito Afaniraate bof^ 



110 



B 6E 



E. of tiM iilttid oTBoealoro.! Lou. ST ft* W. \j^l. 

SocttUatt iilmnd near the E. coast of Newfoand- 
land. Loii.5rS8'W.Lat48']6'N. 

BoeahrQ^ isl. at tbe entrance into Alminnte 
\mj. Lon.srWW.LatriS'N. 

Boeotttt'f 6a(yi in the itraits of Magellan. Lon. 
71* 6' W. 

Bmw, t. Lombaido-Veoetian kingdom, 6 m. N. 
N. E. Sabionetta. 

Bdeca Tierity the month of the river Pe-ldang 
ef ChioBf' uroittfa which Tesselt pa« to Canton. 
It 11 about a muucet ahot acron. 

Boe^idxh I^ pui of the Appeninei, in the 
ridge which divides Genoa from Lombtrdy • 

Boefmia^ t Austrian (yalicia, 20 m. E. Cracow. 
It is famous for its mines of salt, which emploj 
ibove 1000 workmen, and yield annually 900^000 
ewt Pop. 3^90a 

Bodbou, L in the kingdom of Saxony, circle of 
the Enqgebirge, 90 ul Sl W. ChemnitE. 

Boctoiem^ t. Hanover, 14 m. E. Hildesheim. 
Pop. lijBSa. 

^oefeenAttm, v. Germany, 9, m. from Frankfort 
OB the Maine. 

BoMoiiy t. of the Prussian sUtes, 36* m. W. S. 
W. Munster, t4 E. Cleves. Lon. 0^ 42^ E. Lat. 
51*S5'N. Pop. 3,446 

Boebngs t Eng. ia Essex, 40 m. E. Londoiiir 
Pep. 2,644. 

BedUet, v. Bavaria, 14 m. N. Kissmgen. 

Bodhim, t. of the Prussian states, in the grand 
dutchy of the Lower Rhine, 24 m. N. E. Dussel* 
dori;35 N. Ctdogne. Pop. 1,673. 

Bossl^ t Rnnia, in Grocbio,6 m. a W. Bielsk. 
PbjD^l^Oa 

Bodeou, lake, Louisiana, oommnnicates with 
Red river, and receives Bodeaux river at its north 



Beteo, PoK, on the N. W. coast of America. 
Let 38^21' N. The Russians have had a settle- 
ment at tibis post since 1817. 

BodenfeUe^ t Hanover, on the Weser, 16 m. N. 
W. Gottingen. Pop. l/)06. 

Bodenkebt. See JCuringetL 

Baien See. See Contianee Lake. 

Bodenuerderf L Hanover, on the Weser, 8 m, 
N.Bevem. Pofk 1,264. 

Bodmann, t Wirtemberg, on the Lake of Con- 
stance, which is called from it the Bodmersee. 

BedMi, t and bor. Eng. Cornwall co. 9 m. S. 
S. W. Camelford. Pop. 2,050. 

Bodrog^ r. Hungary, ialls into the Theyss at 
Tokay. 

Bodrog^ county, Hungary, which has been 
united smoe the year 1 747 with that of Batsch. It 
lies at the 8. W. extremity of the kingdom, be- 
tween the Danube and the Theyss. 

BodruHL See Boodroom. 

Bodrtm^ s-p. and fort, A. Tnricey, on the N. side 
of the gulf ofScalanova, 16 m. S. Smyrna. Lon. 
26*35'^E.Ut38"16'N. 

Bedtmgen^ Oreai^i. Germany in the principality 
of Schwaitsburg-SondttBhausen, 6 m. N. Bleiche- 
roda. 

BoeifgltA^ienf, islands, near the N. coast of New 
Guinea. Lon. 135'' 33' E. IaL r 25' S. 

Boeii, t. fYaaoe, in Loire, 36 m. W. Lyons. 
Pop. l,20a 

Boeitf^ Le, r. Erie eo. N. Y. which runs through 
• small lake of the same name and Joins French 
creek. It is only tWorods wide, but the depth is 
suffidflAt for boats of the greatest bwdentoWa- 



BOH 

teiford. Two miles east of (be like is the nCe of 
the old French fort. 

Boevffit Franklin CO. Missouri. 

Bofi, SeeBo^. 

Bog, or Be^jr, r. Russia, rises in Poddia, and 
afler a S. E. course of 400 miles, joins the Dnieper 
near Otchakov. It is not navigable on aooouat oC 
its many rooks and sand banks. 

BogoroMfeot, t A. Russia, 136 m. N. Tobolsk. 

BogOi^ t. Lower Egypt, at the mouth of the E. 
branch of the NUe,3 m. S. Damietta. 

Bogdaiwwka^ or MdUopoHg^ t Russia^ in Tanrl* 
da, inhabited by the sect called jE>ufAo6onkt, or 
MaUopoHUi. Number of males, 1,150. 

Bogdo^ a chain of mountains, whose loftiest 
summits rise near the centre of Asia, to the height 
of more than 20/)00 feet above the level of the sea. 
It is said to send forth brandies in all diKctions to 
the Altai mountains, the Moos Ta|^, Belur Tag 
and the mountains of China. 

Bogdoi, country of Tartary, N. of China, and 
subject to the Chinese. 

Bogenteet t Denmark, on the N. coast of Punen, 
15 m. N. W. Odensee. 

Boggah^ t. Hind, in Bahar. Lon. 84" 3a E. 

LatiriaN. 

Boggt, t. Centre ca Pa. Pop. 847. 

Bogie, r. Scotland, falls into the Deveron. 

Bogtlnmd, district, in Allahabad, about 24* N. 
iat 

Bsgliofi, t of the Austrian empire, 27 m. S. S. E. 
Trieste. 

Bog^^ore, district. Hind, in Bahar, iateraected 
bytheGai^^ Till lately it wascaUed.MmgAir, 
which see. 

Bsgltpore,oap. of Bogliporedistriot Loiu 86^ 
6aE.Lat.25'lVN. 

Bogmutiy^ r. Asia, runs into the Gai^gea near 

Bognor,v. Eng. on the coast of Sussex, 6^ m. & 
Chichester. 

Bd^otfueftoir, t. Rttssia,84 m. N. N. W. Char- 
kov. Pop. 6,800. 

BogorodUA, t Russia, 16 m. E. Thoula. Fc^. 
6,000. 

BoigorocUk, t. Russia, 28 m. E. Moscow. 

Bogolo, Bio, <2e, r. New Granada, rises nemr the 
city of Santa Fe, breaks through the aoontains 
S. W. of it, and joins the Magdalene. It is re* 
markable for its iall, called the cataract ofTeqoen* 
dama. The river, which above is 140 iisel wide, 
passes through a crevice in the rocks, from 30 to 
35 feet wide, and fiills, in two successire pitches, 
about 570 feet. The vapour rises like a cloud, 
and is seen from the waUn around Santn Fe, at 
the distance of 15 miles, reflecting the coloun of 
the rainbow in ever varying beauty. 

Bogusteir, t Russia, in Kiev, 32 m. S. £. Biala* 
oerkiev. 

BogwmgoUij t. Bengal, in Moorshedabnd^on the 
Ganges. Lon.88«'28'£. Lat24''2r N. 

Bo/kotn, t France, in Aisne, 12 m. N. N. £. SL 
Quentin. 

Bahary, t Hind. 27 m. £. Surmt 

Bohatieba, t. Palestine, near Acre. 

BeAanui, a kingdom in Germany, fomunepaii 
of the Austrian dominions. It is bounded N. by 
the kingdom of Saxony ; EL by Silesia and Mom- 
via ; S. by Austria proper ; and W. by Bavaria. 
It extends from Iat 48* 30' to 51"* 5' N. suid from 
lon. ir to 16* 50' E. Its greatest length u 200 
miles, its greatest breadth 180, and its s^ierfidsl 
extent 20i922 square miles. It iM lepaimted by 



BO I 

the nvcrMoldatt into two parti nearly cqualy and, 
exclusive of the metropolu, ia divided into the 16 
loAlowii^ circlei ; which take their namet from 
their ch^ towns — Buntzlaa, Konigsmts, Bits- 
cbow, Chradim, Czaiilau, Budweis, Tabor, Pra* 
chin, Pilsen, JOattau, Saatz, Elnbogen (including 
tbeanaU district of Egra,) Leutmeritz, Rakonitz, 
6en!La» aud Kaurzun. 

Bohemia resembles a great basin, being surroon- 
ded on eTery «ide by high mountains; it has the 
Sadetian chain, and the Kiessengebirge on the N. 
£.; the mountains of Moravia on the S. E. and S.; 
the Bohmerwald on the W. and the Erzgebirge 
OQ tiie N. The principal river is the Elbe, whiiai 
receives in ib course the Auxa, Erlitz, Dobrawa, 
Iser, Moldau, Eger, and others. The soil yields 
corn, poise, hope, flax, hemp, fruit, and all kinds of 
^rv.len vegetables in abundsince. Few countries 
are richer in mineral productions than Bohemia. 
Here are found silver, tin, iron, quicksilver, co- 
balt, zinc, arsenic^binnuth, calamine, antimony, 
sulphur, saltpetre, vitriol, alum, and pit coal ; tsit 
is DO where met with. The principal manuiao- 
tores are yam, linen, cambric, veils, thread, laoe, 
stockings, ribbons, printed linen, wax-cloth, wool* 
len 9ta& and glass. The principal imports are 
ai.lt, wine, spirituous liquors, silk, Spanish wool, 
rottoo, quickBilver, iron, lead, hardware, jewels, 
trinketJ, and dye-stufis. The principal places 
diroogh which commerce is carried on, are Vienp 
sa, Trieste, Leipzig, and Hamburg. 

The language is the Bohemian, or Crecheisch 
(jialt^ of UkB Sclavonic, and is nearly allied to the 
Poliah, but contains more words of German ori- 
pxL The population is 3,203,1222, of which num- 
ber 3^)92,393 are Roman Catholics, about 50,000 
Jews, and the remainder Calvinists, Lutherans, 
and Hoaites. The revenue is estilnated at 
IfiOOXMXM. Bohemia isa part (^ the Austrian em- 
pire. It haa an assembly of States, but their pow- 
er i» merely nominaL 

BaAeatssr, r. Md. runs into Elk river, 11 m. be- 
lovElktoD. 

Bokmarwaii, i e. The Bohemian Forest, a rid^ 
of moontaina in Germany. It separates Bohemia 
from the Upper Palatinate ; and extends through 
a part of Bavaria proper and Passau. 

BoKolt <me of the Philippine islands, 90 m. N. 
Mindanao. 

Bokranenike Lake, t. Silesia, 16 m. S. Breslao. 

Bofma, or BoAui, a government of Sweden, now 
forming the greater (Mirt of the province of Got- 
tanborg. 

Bmador^ Capt^ W. coast of Africa. Lon. 14* 20" 
W. Lat.26^1«'N. 

B^foiw, t Italy, 42 m. N. Naples. Pop. 3,44a 

Beummta^ t. Prussian states, in Posen, near th« 
fronder of Silesia. Pop. 2,6 la 

BwuUtf district, Persia, in Daghestan, on the 
Imftadie. The town Boinak is near the Caspian 
tea, ^ m. N.N. W. Derbend. 

BmmUy t. Hungary, 11 m. W. N. W. Krem- 

BltZ. 

B^we, t. France, in Mayenne, 7 m. W. Sable, 
Bmt Msfic, isL at the lower end of Gros Isle m. 
the month of Detroit river, belonging to Canada. 
The eaatam channel, betweoi it uid the Canada 
rfiore, 19 about ^ d* a mile wide, and is deep 
cBOQgh for the largest vessel ; the Western is much 
wkler, bat ia shallow, and full of small islands. 

BoisUantt isl. in Lake Huron, between the isl- 
and of Michillimackinac and the peninsula of 
Michigan, about 10 miles limg and 3 broad. 



BOL 



111 



BoiM fikne, Z^riot, N. AaMvioa, between lake 
Superior and the Lake of the Woods. 

BoiM bruk^ p-v. Perry co. Missouri. 

Bois bmi^ (Burnt wood) r. N. W. Territory, 
which runs into the bottom of Lake Sujperior. It 
is navigable 80 miles, whoice there is a short 
portage to the St. Croix, a navigable water of the 
IfiMissippi. 

Boi^Conmnm^ t France, in Loiret, 24 m. £, S. 
E. Orleans. Pop. 1,100. 

BoU'le-DuB^ or Baseh^ t Netherlands, in Dutch 
Brabant, at the conflux of the Dommel and Aa. 
It ia surrounded with walb, flanked by 7 bastions. 
Pop. 13,347. 18 m. £. N. £. Breda, 42 S. S. £. Am- 
stei^am. Lpn.S'Q'E. Lat6r4aN. 

Boiuetson ^AvmnUd^ t France, ia Tarn, 8 m* 
E.Ca8tres. Pop. 3,100. 

BoiUtmburg, t Gennany, in Meeklenbatf« 
Sohwerin, 38 m. E. S. E. Hambuig. Pop. 2,096. 

Bofto, t Arabia, in Yemen, 23 ii|, N. N. %. Ho- 
deida. 

BMuuro* See Jatii^nena. 

Bokia, See Baekergungt. 

Bolabday one of the Society islanda, about 24 
m. in cireumferenee. Lon. isr 6Sf W. Let. 16* 
32' N. 

Be2as, r. S. America, £i11b into the golf of Quay* 
aquiU 

Bolate^ L Italy, 6 m. N. W. Milan. 

Boldly mountain, France, in Upper Rhine, 3,800 
feet above the level of the sea« being the highest 
of the Vosges. 

Bolehowy t Russia, in Orel, on the Nugr, 32 ni» 
N.N. W.Orel. Pop. 5,400. 

BoUL, t, Eng. Laxicashire, 2 m. fr. Preieot. 

BoidfounUMh P-v- Charlotte eo. Va. 

Bokiy t Syria, on the site of the ancient FaUost 
16 m. fr. Latakia. 

BoHy t. A. Turkey, in Natolia, 74 m. N. W. An* 
gora, 140 E. Constantinople. Lon. 2V 20^ E. Lat 
41* 30' N. 

BoUnghroke^ t Eng. in Lincoln, 13 m. N. £. 
Boston. 

Bolmgbrokej v. Talbot oo. Md. at the confluence 
of Boliogbroke creek with the Choptank, 5 m* £. 
Oxford. 

Bdipkikaf t Russia, on the W. side of the Vol- 
ga, 124 m. S. Saratov. 

Bofktnhojffiy t, Silesia, the capital of a circle in 
the principality of Schweidnitt, 10 m. N. W. 
Bchweidnitz, 40 S. W. Breslau. Lon. 16* 6^ E. 
Lat. SO' 46' N. Pop. 1,35a 

BoUjLv4 district, Switxerluftd, 10m. S. Fri- 
bourg. 

BoUebecj t France, in Lower Seine, 17 m» lY. 
Havre. Pop.5^XX). 

BoOene^ t France, in Vanduse, 10 m. N. Or* 
anse. Pop.4/NX). 

BoUenMey PaUmerthalj or FaUe di BregnOy one 
of the most fertile valliei of Switzwland, in the 
canton of the Ticino. 

BoUmm de Fklddorm, t Piedmont, 26in. N. of 
Nice. Pop. 1,000. 

Ba<Mng2on,t Eng. in Cheshire. Pop^ 1,518. 3 
m. N. Macclesfield. 

Bei^gno, anciently Bonenus the second citv in 
magnitude and opulence in the Ecclesiastical 
states, ia at the foot of the Appenines, between the 
Savena and Rine, in a rich and fertile valle^f. 
The churches are of ingenious and costly archi- 
tecture, and are adored in the interior with 
beautiful paintings. Here is a jbrnous university 
firequeoted by foreig«ers fnm diflfrent partQ of 



Ill 



BOlt 



Europe. It oomists office Taenlties, tfieology, <«<• 
Bon law, Roman law, mediciiift, and philoBOj^y. 
The Spaniirdi, Germans, Hungarians, lUyrians, 
Flemiw, Piednonteae, and otMr nations, hare 
each theifr particular ooileg^e. The principal man- 
vfactuTM are cloth, silk stockings, and other stoffi ; 
Mtitts, damasks, taffeta, Telvet, gfaoze, crape, and 
linen, which give occasion to tn active trade with 
Genoa, Leghorn, and Venice, the most important 
branch of which is in twisted silk. In 1799, Bo- 
logna was taken by the Austrian general Klenau ; 
but after the battle of Marengo, it fell into the 
hands of the French. It is now restored to the 
pope. 84 m. S. £. Modena, 26 S. E. Ferrara, 48 
N.Florence, 180 N. N. W. Rome. Lon. ll**!' 
SCTE. Lat44*30'12''N. Fop. 63^000. 

SotagnOf Y. Italy, in Marca d^Ancona, territory 
ofCamerino. 

Bokgnete^ or Legation tf Bchpui, a prorinoe 
of Italy, in the pope's dommions, having the Fer* 
rarcse on the N. Romagna on the £. Tuscany on 
the S. and Modena on the W. Pop.900,000. The 
inhabitants have long had the reputation of being 
lovers of learning aikl the arts. 

BoMuna^ t Russia, on thelrtisch, 340 m. E. S. 
E. Tobolsk. 

Boltehaia Reka, or the Oreol 12teer,KamtBchat- 
ka, after a course of ISO miles, falls into the sea of 
Okhotsk, inlat 54''59rN. 

BoUehereiA^ t and ibrt, Kamtsohatka, on the 
Bolschaia Rein, 20 m. from its mouth. Lon. 157* 
E. LatSS'N. 

B^hma^ t Italy, in the pope*8 dominions, 8 m. 
8. Orvieto. Lon. 11* 54' E. Lat 42*37' N. 

Bolnver, t Eng. in Derbyshire, 5 m. E. Ches- 
terfield. 

BolitPttordj t Netherlands, in West Friesland, 7 
m. & 8. E. Harlingen, 13 S. W. Leuwarden. Lon. 
6*27'E. Lat6y7'N. Fop. 2,783. 

Bolt Head^ promontory on the coast of Eng. 19 
m. S. E. Plymouth. Lon. 3^ 48* W. Lat. 50* 
13' N. 

BoUon^ V. Eng. in Yorkshire, 10 m. 8. E. Rich- 
mond. 

Bolton^ t Richelieu eo. Lower Canada, oo Lake 
Memphremagog, 8. E. Montreal. Pop. 800. 

BoUoriy p-t. Chittenden co. Vt on Onion river, 
18 m. N. W. Mon^lier. Pop. in 1810, 249. 

BoUon, p-t Worcester oo. Mass. 18 m. N. E. 
Worcester, 33 W.Boston. Pop. 1,229. 

Bolton, p-t Tolland co. Ct 14 m. E. Hartford. 
Pcm.73L 

Bolton, p-t Warren co. N. T. on Lake George, 
14m.N.CaldweU. Pop. 1,087. 

Bolton U Moor, t. Eng. in Lancashire, consist- 
ing of two townships. Great and Little Bolton. 
Pop. 24,149 : via. of Great Betton 17,070 ; of Lit- 
tle Bolton 7,079. 11 m. N. Manchester, 197 N. N. 
W. London. 

Bohit-Hoai, oape, Irsiaad. Lon. 10" Vt W. 
Let. 51*44' N. 

BombaAmou, s-p. W. Africa, at the month of 
IbeZaiie. LatnOTS. 

Bom6<Qr,iaL on W. coast of Hindostui, oontain- 
ingtheeify of Bombay, which is the Gu>ital of all 
the British settlements on that side of^the penin- 
sula. The island is OimHes long from N. to S. 
and about 1 mile broad near the fort. It is sepa- 
rated from the meinlind by a narrow strait, and is 
oonnected with the neigfaborinjr island of Salsette 
by a causeway, 177 m. 8. W. Buret Lon. 72* 38" 
£. Utl8'68'N. 
The city is about a mile in length, anda^iiiarter 



BOM ^ 

of a mile in breadth, and is sorrounded by fortifi- 
cations. In the centre is the Green, a large open 
space, which is surrounded with many large and 
well built houses. Here is the English church. 
On the right of the church gate is uie bazar or 
market-place, which is crowded and populous, 
and is well supplied with all kinds of merchuidize 
and provisions. The bezar is the residence of the 
native merchants. Besides the Eiu'lish church, 
thera aro numerous temples for the Hindoos, and 
mosques for the Mahometans, a synagogue for the 
Jews, chapels for the Poitugaese Roman Catho- 
lics, and a Presbyterian church. The population 
is estimated at 220^000, of whom about three- 
fourths aro Hindoos, 8^000 Persees, 8/XX> Mahom- 
etans, 3 or 4^000 Jews, and Portuguese in oonsid- 
ttable numbers. 

Bombay commands an extensive commerce with 
the countries on the Persian and Arabic ffulf% 
with the west and east coasts of India, the ialaodi 
in the Eastern ocean, and China. With Europe 
also, and with different parts of America, it carries 
on a considerable trade. Ship-building is carried 
to great perfection by the Persees ; and for this 
employment Bombay is well fitted, on account of 
the immense teak forests which lie along the W. 
side of the Ghaut mountains. Hero are rope- 
walks equal to any in England, with the excep- 
tion of the king's yard at Portsmouth, a lar^ and 
ma^ificent dock-jrud, and forges for all kinds of 
smith's work. With all these advantages, Bom- 
bay has become an important naval arsenal ; and 
within these few years ships of from 60U to IgOOO 
tons have been built in its yards, equal in durabil- 
ity and beauty of construction to any in the worid. 
Bombay has been in possession of the English East 
India company since 1 688. The administration is 
vested in a governor and three counciUers, who 
aro placed under the control of tiie sopreme gov- 
ernment of Bengal. The climate of Bombay oAea 
proves fiktal to Europeans ; the liver compiaioC 
being more frequent here than in any other part 
of Imlia. The American Board of Commissiooen 
for FMei^n Missions have employed several Mis- 
sionaries m this city and its neighborhood since 
1814. In 1 820 the number of missionaries was 5 ; 
holding their primary seat in Bombay, and occu- 
pying a station at Mahim, distant 6 miles <m the 
N. part of the same island, and another at Tannab, 
distant 25 miles, on the island of Salsette, of whidi 
it is the chief town. Their principal and daily 
work is preaching the gospel to the heatheru In 
prosecution of it they not only visit the teinple« 
aiod places of resort in the oity, but make circuit* 
upon the islands, and in the provinces of the conti- 
nent They have also engaged in the tranalatioii 
of the Scriptures. In 1818 they had tnmalated the 
whole of the New Testament and a considerable 
part of the Old, into the Mahratta language, which 
is spoken not only in Bombay, but hy many mil- 
lions on the neighboring continent There ia « 
printing press at&ohed & the mission, and large 
editions of select portions of the Bible, and numer- 
ous tracts have already been publithed. Another 
object, on which the Missionaries have bestowed 
much attention, is the education of natrre chil- 
dren. In 1819, the total number enrolled in their 
schools, as regular pupils, was more than I^OOO, 
and funds only were wanting to increase the mun-- 
her almost indefinitely. In all the schools, those 
who can read are daily employed in reading or 
committing to memory portions of the Bible or r^ 
Ugiotts tracts. 



BO rr 



BOO 



lis 



BmAn Uofr, uL m Ddawire bay, at iJbm 
raoutli DiDDek creek, 9 m. S. Reedy-ithnd. By 
a canal till mileS| the waters of the Chenpeake 
and Debwire might be eonnected at thu point 

Btmndf t DiSeh Guelderland, od an island 
fumed bj the Maese and the Waal. Pop. 9,900. 
7ffl.X.Bet»-le-Diic,0ON.£. Antwerp. Lon. 4'' 
SSfL Ut5r48'N. 

BommehMtrt^iaL Netherlands, in Dutch Gaeld- 
efhodf formed by the Maese and the Waal, and 
gboat 15 uileiloB^, and 6 broad. 

Bomrmutwolhm^ t Hind, in the Camatic, 50 
blW.N.W. Madras. 

Bm^ >-p. Algiers, called by the Arabs Blaidel- 
Aneb. It has a capactoas harbor. It was one of 
th^ setUeoieoli of the French African company, 
fstablished during the reign of Louis XIV. li| 
1803 itwuoeded to the Ei^iih. 66 m. N, N. £. 
CunstaotiBi. Lon.r 45^ £. lAt.36''62^N. Pop. 

iboQts,ooa 

BoMy r. N. America, nms into the bay of Canx- 

£a]us,iiLoa'Ceram. ton. 198^5' E. Lat.3^3'S. 

Banatai, or Guanajo^ isl. in the bay of Hondu- 
iw. LoQ. 86»23' W. LaL 16" a>' N. 

^oa jftrt See Btten Aire, 

Bmamatt ntBomUu, t. Germany, 3 m. N. N. W. 
rnnkfort. 

BmadrtOy Capc^ the N. point of Scarpanto xsl- 
aaJ. 

fiMAfiM, t Spain, on the GnadalqaiTir, near 
its mouth. Lam Tessek onload their cargoes 
hen for the city (? Seville. 

BMoried^ Y. Asia Minor, the site of the hot 
ipringa to the plain of Troy. 

Bmtntntwrt i^and, Lower Canada, at the N. 
atnnoe into Chaleor bay. 

BmsrjIs, one of the Cape de Verd islands, 48 
DiksmcireiunfiBrenoe. Lon.22^59'£. Lat 16* 

irx. 

BfMMta, Cam, on flie E. aide of Newfonnd- 
laad,mW.lon.62*32'. N.lat4ri5'. 

Bmiy ca Illinois, on Kaskaskia riyer. Chief t 
Indepeodeace. Pop. 2^31. Engaged in agricol- 
tnreSSS, in commerce 8, in manufiu^tures 104. 

Bimdmdhn ▼. Italy, in the dutchy of Modena. 

Botidoi^ reef of rocks in the golf of Bothnia. 

utey»N. 

Bmdai0,l itHy, at the conflaenoe of the Pa- 
naro sod the Po d*Argento, 9 m. W. Fcrrara. 

Brntdorff t in Baden, 28 m. N. Zurich. L<mb. 
8'«rE.Ut4r5«'N. 

Bvudtu, a kingdom of central Africa, bounded 
L by Bambonk, 8. E. and S. by Tenda and the 
viUernenof Simbaoi, S. W. by WooUi, W. by 
FooUTorra, and N. by Kajaaga. The inhabit 
tints trade with Gedtunah, and other Moorish 
eoantries. 

BM^tr, t and district. Hind, in Hyderabad. 

u.7yyE. utiris'N. 

BmhafUm,r. MiddleMZco. If. J. 6 m. N. £. 
New-Bmnswiek. 

Bon h a mm e^ t St Louis co. Missouri. 

B»ni B19, called Sewa by the natires, and 
fiu^etf by the Europeans, on the S. coast of the 
Bland of Celebes. Lon. \2V 9ff £. Lat 4'' 8. 

Ben^aeia, s-p. Corsica, on the strait which 
I'Pustn this island from Sardinia, and is called 
SttutaofBonifiuto. Lon. 9* 9* 16^ E. Lat 4^ 

»i(yN. 

fi«n(facM,C^di,theS.E. Point of Corsica. 

Bona, t of the Prussian states, in Cleres and 

Bo;, CD the left baJlOt of the Rhine. Here is a 

IS 



unireriity on a compteheosiTe scale, establiihed 
in 181& The court of the elector of Cologne 
was formerly held here. 14 m. S. 8. £. Cologne, 
30 £. Aiz-la-ChapeUe. Lon. V 6' £. Lat 60* 
40'N. Pop. 9,000. 

Bmmat^ t France, in Creuse, 12 m. N. GuereU 

Baiifie, t Savoy, 10 a. £. S. £. GenoYa. 

Bamnrfemme^ t. Howard oa Missouri 

Bormeij r. Ireland, runs into Loush GilL 

Bonnet biandt^ in the Mergui aruiipelaff o. Lat 
10* 29' N. 

BonnetabUf t France, in Sarttie, 15 m. N. E. 
Le Mans. Pop. 4^600. 

BonnecfUy t France, in Eure-and-Loire» 90 m. 
a Chartres. Pop. 1,S50. 

Bonnafilkt ^ Savoy, 14 m. N. £. Annacy. Lon. 
O^'dl'E. Lat 46^ 4' N. 

Bonntere#, t France, in Seine-and^Oiee. 25 m. 
N. W. VersaiUes. 

Bimny^ t France, on the Loire, 45 m. W. 8. W. 
Orleans. 

Bonoy is], in the English channeL Lon. 3^ SS' 
W. Lat 48* 33' N. 

£ono, p-t. Orange oa Indiana, 15 m. N. Paoli. 

BmuiUlt t £ng. Derbyshire, 3 m. N. Wirkt- 
worth. 

Bonteecun^ seieniory, Ricfalieu co. Lower Caa> 
ada, 37 m. N. £. Montreal. 

BonaeowMf seigniory, Buckingham eo. Lower 
Canada, on the 8. side of the St Lawrence, 2S m. 
8. W.Quebec 

Banteeouri^ seigniory, Devon co. Lower Cana- 
da, on the 8. side of the St Lawrence, 41 m. N. 
£. Quebec 

Bofueeourff, bay, Alabama, which sets up from 
Mobile bay northerly about 14 miles, and receives 
at its head a small river of the same name. The 
river has 7 feet water at its entrance, and ii navi- 
gable 5 or 6 miles. From the head of navigation 
on this river to a bay which sets up fiom the Per- 
dido, is 4^ miles. Through this isthmus a canal 
is proposed to be made. 

Bonthainj t. and district of Celebes, at the 8. 
extremity of the island. Lon. 120^ 9^ £. Lat 5" 
SO^S. 

Bomtnh settlement, Missouri, 10 m. 8. 8t 
Charles, 20 W. St Louis. It extends not less 
than 15 m. east and west, and from 6 to 10 north 
and south. The land b fertile uid well watered. 

Boobenuky r. Algiers, runs into the Mediterra- 
nean, a little W. of Dellys. 

Boobooan^ isl. of the Sooloo archipelago. Lon. 
122* 9^ E. Lat6'I7'N. 

Bocby Island^ near the N. coast of New-HoI«* 
Und. Lon. 14^ 56^ £. Lat 10" 36^ 8. 

Boobsf leiandy W. Indies, near St Christo- 
pher's. 

Bco^ Roek, isl. oiT the coast of New-Ireland. 
Lon. 159° 24' E. Lat 2r 24' 8. 

BoodieoUoj t Hind, in Mysore, 30 m. 8. E. 
Bangalore. 

foodroem, or Boudrun, t Asia Minor, in Cara- 
mania, supposed to occupy the site of the ancient 
Hahtanuunu., Lon.27*20'E. Lat 37^ N. 

Boofenoane, v. Algiers, 125 m. a 8. E. Sher- 
shell. 

Booge6octf s, t Hind. cap. of Cutch. Lon. 69* 
45' E. Lat 23" 15' N. 

Boejemahj r. Algiers, jpins the Seibouse, near 
Bona. 

Booi, or BiOhon, district. Hind, in Cananu Lat 

lyN. 

Beet 8eeBi)Ae2. 



114 



B O R 



Boom, t. Netherlands, 10 m. S. Antwerp. 

Boonah, i. A. Turkey, on the Black Sea. Lon. 
38» E. Lat. 40" 44' N. 

Boontfyt t Hind, in Ajmeer. Lon. 75° 35' E. 
Lat.25^26'N. 

Bomu, CO. Ken. on the Ohio. Pop. 6,549; slaves 
1,296. Engaged in agriculture 1,82 1 , in commerce 
17, in manu&ctures 191. Chief t Burlington. 

Booner Shmu^ fort, Netherlands, 15 m. S. Emb- 
den. 

Boom6oFO, p-v. Washington co. Md. 

Boofi«6oro, p-t Madison co. Ken. on Kentucky 
river, at the mouth of Otter creek, 15 m. S. £. 
Lexington. Pop. 68. 

Boonetliek^ t Howard cow Missoari. 

Bocn^s miUSf p-v. White co. Illinois. 

Boone'' t tetUement. See Hotoard county, 

Booneion, p-v. Morris co. N. J. 

BoonviUe^ p-t. Oneida co. N. Y. on Black river, 
27 m. N. Utica. Pop. 1,294. 

Boo-^haiter^ supposed to be the ancient (//tea, 
90 m. N. Tunis. 

Booinahj t and district. Hind, in Bengal. Lon. 
80»39'E. LatayjKTN. 

Bootan^ country, Asia, bounded N. and W. by 
Thibet, E. by Assam, and S. by Bengal. It is very 
nountainous, but is covered with perpetual ver- 
dure, and the sides of the mountains are cultiva- 
ted with as much care as in China and overspread 
with populous villages surrounded with orchards 
and oiher plantations. Its productions are rice, 
wine, and a grcAt variety of fruits. The prince 
of this country is tributary to the grand Lama of 
Thibet, and very Jealous of intercourse with Ben- 

Bootkba^ p-t Lincoln co. Maine, 10 m. S. E. 
Wiscaaset. Pop. 1,950. The bay extends 12 miles 
inland, and afibrds a bold and safe harbor of 9 
fiithoms water. The soil of Boothbay is rocky. 

Booih OiMfldthaw, t. Eng. in Lancashire, 8 m. fr. 
Burnley. Booth Hightr^ adjoins Booth Gold- 
ihaw. Pop. 2,568. Sooth Lowers adjoins Booth 
Hiriier. 

BootU^ t Eng. 2 m. from Liverpool. 

Bopalj t andterritory. Hind. in Malwah. Lat 
23"16'N. Lon.77'»3TE. 

Bopfingm^ t. Wirtemburg, 28 m. N. N. E. Ulm. 
Lon.lO°22'E. Lat48'48'N. Pop. 1,750. 

Boppart^ t of the Prussian states, on the Rhine, 
8 m. 8. Coblents. Pop. 2,220. 

Boquet Creeky Ohio, runs into Scioto river, 5 m. 
W. Delaware. 

Borabora. See Botabola, 

Borahs t Hind, in Malwah, 30 m. S. W. Se- 
ronge. 

Sonmg^ isL Sumatra, in the river Palambong, 
20 m. below the city of Palambang. 

Borate i, Sweden in West Gothland, province 
of Elfsborg, 10 m. a W. Ulricaham. Pop. 1,792. 

Borba^ t PortiMal, in Alentejo, 7 m. E. £s- 
tremoK. Pop. 2,734. 

BofHo, r. Piedmont, falk into the Tanaro at 
AitL 

Borekdoy v. Netherlands, on the Berckel, 12 m. 
£. N. E. Zutphen. 

Bor4^ t. France, in Correze, on the Dordogne, 
»m.E.N.E.TuUe. 

Bordentown^ p-t Burlington co. N. J. on Dela^ 
ware river, 6 m. below "^lenton, 24 above Phi- 
ladelphia. It contains about 100 houses, and is 
the seat of an academy. 

Bordif Lm, t France, in Arriege, 12 m. S. £. 
Foix. 



BO R 

Bordetholm, v. of the Danish atates, 35 m. 5, 
Hambui^h. 

Bordigheraj t. Genoa, 8 m. £. Albenga. 

Bore^ r. Ireland, runs into the Sloney. 

BorghettOj t Austrian empire, in Trent, 8 m. 
a S. W. Roveredo. 

Bofghetto^ t Austrian Italy,' in Lodi^oo tfaf 
Lambro. Pop. 2,400. 

BorghettOj v. Italy in the Verenese, on the Mio* 
cio, opposite Valeggio, and N. of Mantua. 

Borghobni fort Sweden, on the island of Oeland. 

Borgne^Lake^ Louisiana, connected on the W. 
with lake Ponchartrain by the Rieolets, andoi 
the E. with the gulf of Mexico, ft is about 40 
miles long and 15 broad. 

Borgo^ t. Russia, in Finland, on the gulf of Fin- 
land. Lon.25'40'E. Lat60'23'N. 

Borgo^ three military villages in Transylyina, 
9 m. N. E. BistritsB. 

Borgo St, Donnino, t Italy, 12 m. N. W. Par- 
ma. Pop. 5,000. 

Bor^o d*Otma^ t. Spain, in Old Castile, 40 a. 
S. E. Burgos. Ix>n. 2" 57' W. Lat 41" 46' X. 

Borgo di St, Angelo, formerly Citts FiUonm 
fort, Malta, near La Valetta. 

Borgo di St. Sqtokro, t Italy, in Tuscany, 48 m. 
E. S. £. Florence. Lon. ir ST E. Lat 43^35' N 

Borgo di Siaia^ t. Italy, in Milan, 50 ol N. .\. 
E. Turin. Lon. 8" 16' E. Lat 45" 4^ N. Pop 
5,000. 

Borgo di Vol di Taro, t Italy, in Panna, ^io. 
S. W. Parma, 35 S. Cremona. 

BorgoiH Fal StiganOj t Austrian empire, in Ty- 
rol, on the Brenta, near the Italian frontier. 

Borgofortty t Italy, on the Po, 7 m.S.S.W. 
Mantua. Pop. 2,000. 

Borgo JTanian, t. States of the Church, in Bo- 
logna on the Renot 

Borgo St, DaimasiOi v. Piedmont, 8 m. S. \V. 
Coni. Pop. 2,754. 

Bofvo Verceiliy t Piedmont, in the Novarese, 3 
m. N. E. Vereelli. 

Bofja, t Spain in Arragon, 34 m. W. N. W. 
Saragossa. Pop. 3,200. 

Boris90glebtk,t Russia, on the Wolga, ^b 
W. Jaro9lav. Pop. 2,076. 

Boriuoglebtky t Russia, on the Worona, "d m 
S. S. E. Tambov. Pop. 1 ,78a 

BorittOTj t Russia, on the Beresina, 38 m. E. 
Minsk. 

Borken, t Prussia, 30 m. W. Munster. Loo, 6* 
48' E. Lat 52" 51' N. Pop. 2,380. 

Borkwnt isl* Hanover, on the coast of East Friee- 
land. 

BoHoy t A. Turkey, in Natolia, suppowd to be 
the ancient Bithynium, 

Bormet, t France, in Var, 24 to. N. W. Freju*. 
Pop. 1,316. 

Bormia, or BorHkdoy r. Piedmont, runs into th# 
Tanaro near Alexandria. 

Bormio, t Austrian Italy, at the influx of w 
Fredolib into the Adda, 45 m. N. W. Trent L«- 
10*22' E. Lat 46» ITN. Pop. 1,200. 

Boma, t Saxony, 12 m. S. S. E. Leipiigr- ^^ 
2,40a 

Borne, r. Eng. runs into the Tame. 

Bomm, the large^^t island in the world, except 
New-HoHand, is in the centre of the Asiatic id- 
ands, asid is intersected by the equator. It " »" 
miles long, and is suppoeed to contain more thso 
300,000 square miles. The coasts are low m 
swampy. The interior is ahnost wholly on^J^ 
to Eun^aai. The oommeice of the uiMaA i- 



B OR 

prindpAllj IB the hands of the Chmeie, who ex- 
port pMf diunonds, pepper, camphor, ami edible 
bird's 0091% which wee regarded in China as a 
gmt delicacjr. Borneo produoea aleo the ourang- 
nutai^«aiiDgolar animal, bearing a striking re- 
wmNnce to the haman apeciea. It is of short 
itiLutt, scareely emseeding three feet in height, 
with fltender limbs and a broad and naked face, 
L'lough the reatof the body ia profusely covered 
with hair. When taken young it becomes ex- 
trefflely gentle and docile, and much attached to 
rbo«e aroond it. It aheda tears when displeased, 
rolls nD the iloor, and beats its head against it with 
aii the gestures of a passionate child. The popu- 
Ution of the island la estimated at 3,000^000. Lon. 
m to 119" E. Lat 4* N. to 7*25' S. 

Ijomeottfae coital, is in the N. W. part of the 
island, on a riyer 10 miles from the sea. The 
houMf are bailt oto* the water, and supported on 
posts, ajid the iahabitanta communicate with each 
other entirely by boats. Alligators lurk below 
to preT on the oAda dropping uirough the lattice 
work of the floor. Thia mode of building citiea 
}• Qot onoammon in thia part of Asia. Lon. 114^ 
44LLaL4^66'N. 

BmJuim^t, Netherlanda, 8 m. N. £. Dender- 
iBofide. Popi 3,124. 

Bomkolmy t iaL Denmark, in the Baltic. In 
Lh« interior there aire quarries of marble, lime, 
Kiaj stone and free stone, coal minea, and vitriol 
worts. Ud. is* E. Lat. 56* 10' N. Pop. 18,902. 
Boreoii, an extensive kingdom in the interior 
c/ Africa, bonnded N. by the desert of Bilma and 
cfLybia; £. by countriea unknown ; S. by Ber* 
?»tixiBergherme ; W. by Caasina and Aaben. 
The emperor is one of the most powerful sove- 
(ticQs in the interior of Africa. Bergoo, Beg- 
itrm, Waogara, and Cassina, are his tributaries. 
The chief grain is Indian com. The whole coun- 
try u tnversed by a rreat river called the Wedel- 
Gut\j which runs from south to north, and is 
h^iia the desert of Bilma. The commerce of 
Bomou is chiefly carried on by the merchants of 
Moanook in Fezzan, which forms a central point 
tor the interior commerce of Africa. The im- 
P':)its consist of braaa and copper ; red woollen 
'^p^ check linens, Light coarse cloth, baize, car- 
pets, lilk, labre blades, Dutch knives, scissors, 
oral beads, small looking-glasses, and Gooroo 
nut5 from the south of the Niger. The exports are 
^ia>e!s gold, and civet. 

fiomeu, capb <^ the kingdom of Bomou is a- 
bf»ut iday^s journey from the Wed-el-Gazel. It is 
'^i<l to be a large city. It ia placed by nugor Ren- 
Mil b \oa.^ar E. lat 24" 32' N. 

^«ndtno, V. Ruasia, near the river Moskwa,90 
m. W. Moseow, remarkable for the great battle 
tauf:htthae,on the 7th Sept. 1812, between the 
French and Rusaiana. 
Bmuffh^ t Beaver co. Pa. Pop. 244. 
^orwghbridgey t Eng. Yorkahire, 17 m. N. W. 
York. 

BrnvUt-du^ t Roaaia, 85 m. £. 6. £. Novgo- 
rod. Pop. 2,574. 
Bmutkj t Rusaia, 80 m. S. W. Moscow. Pop. 

5,176. 
Borriano, t Spain, 21 m. N. Valencia. Pop. 

BarnmeiJtlands^ 3 islands ofSardinia, in Lake 
"i^giore. They belong to the house ofBorro- 
^^u and are famous for their beautiful situation 
^ their groves of oranges and lemons. 



BOS 



115 



Borrowf^eimncat, a-p. Scotlaad, on the S. bank 
of the Forth, 18 m. W. Edinbui^gh. 

BoneUn^ v. Netherlands, on Uie ialand of South 
Beveland. 

Bofo, 8-p. on the W. coast of Sardinia. Lon* 
8"42'E.Lat40'18'N, 

BuKOMtU^ or BotertauXf t. Eng. in Cornwall, 
on the Bristol channel, 16 m. W. N. W. Launcea- 
ton. 

Botemten^ p-t Hillaborough oo. N. H. on the 
Merrimack, 8 m. N. W. Concord. Pop. 2,113. 

Boteh^ iaL in the North aea, off Groningen. 
Lon.5'63'E. Lat6y33'N. 

Bateo^ or Botehif t. Piedmont, 6 m. S. £. Ales- 
aandria. 

Boiham^ or Bote/Uuan^ v. Eng. in Sussex, on an 
arm of the sea, 3 m. W. Chichester. 

Botkavir* SeefiusAsre. 

BothuanoBf numerous tribea in the interior of 
S. Africa, whoae territory extenda from 25'' to 20* 
S. lat They are evidently of the same original 
stock with Uie Ka&rs, but aomewhat alterad ; 
interior in bodily strength and stature, but supe- 
rior in civilization and the arts of life. Nothmg 
was known of them till 1801, when two English 
travellers penetrated into the country. Since 
that time Latakoo has been visited by Dr. Litch* 
tenatein and Mr. CampbelL It is the capital of 
the Matchai^in tribe, the only one amoogthe 
Boshuanaa yet visited by Europeans, 

Boffetmans. See HoUeniot$» 

BoikoieiiMj t Moravia, 22 m. W. Olmutz. Pop. 
3,617. 

Bosnoj r. Eu. Turkey, runs into the Sa,ve, 50 
m. fr. Boana-Serajo. 

Baana-Sermo^ t Eu. Turkey, cap. of Boenia, 

118 m.W. Belgrade, 230 S. Vienna. Lon. 18* 5' 
E. Lat 44° 25^ N. Pop. 12,000. 

BoiniOy country, Eu. Turkey, aeparated from 
Sclavonia on the N. by the Save, from Servia on 
the E. by the Drino, from Dalmatia on the S. by 
a ridge of mountaina, and from Croatia on the W. 
by the Verbaa. It is full of mounti^, but con- 
tains fruitful fields and vineyards. The inhabi- 
tants are about 850/X)0, and are of Sclavonia9 ori- 
gin. They are generally of the Greek religion. 

Botphonuy or Sirmi of ContUmiinopU^ the strait 
between the Black sea and the sea of Marmora* 
about 1 or 1^ miles broad, and 20 miles long. It ia 
called Bogag by the Turks. 

BoMtiney^ or TVerenfio, t and borough, Eng. in 
Cornwall, on the Bristol channel, 4 m. N. W. 
Camelford. 

Bo*ty city, Persia, 60 m. S. W. Candahar. Loo. 
64°46'E.Lat3r30'N. 

Boston^ or Olukitla el fioiton, t A. Turkey, in 
Natolia, 50 m. N. N. W. Marasch. 

Bof/on, s-p. Eng. Lincoln oo. on theWitham, 

119 m. N.London. 

Boiioriy 8-p. and cap. Mass. in Suffolk oo. and 
the largest city in New-England, 115 m. S. S. W. 
Portiand, 56 S. by W. Portsmouth, 40 N. N. E. 
Providence, 100 E. N. E. Hartford, 210 N. E. 
New-York, 300 N. E. Philadelphia, 436 N. E. 
Washington, and 300 S. S. E. MontreaL Lon, 70f* 
58* 53" W. Lat 42*22' 23*' N. 

It is pleasantly situated at the bottom oTMassa- 
ehusetts-bay, on a peninsula of an uneven surftoe, 
2 miles long, and in the widest part about 1 mile 
wide. The harbor is one of the beat in the United 
States. Ithaa a aufficient depth of water for the 
largest vessels at all times of tide, and is accessible 



116 



BOS 



Bt all MUou of the year. It it tafe ftom every 
wind, and so oapeoious that it will allow 500 vea* 
aelf to ride at aaebor, while the entrance is to 
narrow as scarcely to admit 2 ships abreast The 
entrance is well defended by Fort Independence 
and Fort Warren. 

Boston is Tery eztensirely engaged in com* 
merce. There are probably few cities in the 
world where there is so much wealth in propor- 
tion to the population. The amount of shipping 
owned here in 1816, wa& 143,430 tons ; a groiter 
amount than belonged to any other port in the 
United States, except New-York. The country 
in the immediate vicinity is iertile and populous, 
and connected with the capital by fine roads. The 
Middlesex oanal opens a water communication 
with the interior of New-Hampshire. 

Among the literary institutions are the Boston 
Athenseum, which contains about 18^000 volumes, 
the Boston library, which has 6 or 6,000, and sev- 
eral other libraries belonging to literary societies. 
Among the benevolent institutions are the Gene- 
ral Hospitel, founded in 1818, which has been rich- 
ly endowed by the libemlity of the State and of 
individuals, sind a Hospital for the Insane, the 
buildings of which are situated in Charlestowa. 

There are four bridges connecting Boston with 
the adjacent towns. Charles river bridge, which 
connects it with Charlestown on the north, is 
1,503 fi9et long, 42 broad, and stands on 75 piers. 
West Boston bridge^ connecting it with Cam- 
bridce-port on the west, is 3,483 feet long, and 
•tanas on 180 piers. Cragpe^s bridge is b^ween 
these two, and connects it with Cambridge. A 
mill-dam nearly two miles long and fifty feet 
wide was completed in 1821, across the bay on the 
S. W. side of the dty, the object of which is to 
open anew avenue, and also to create a water 
power sufficient to put in operation extensive tide 
mills, and other water works. 

The houses in the older part of the city are 
plain, and the streets generally narrow and crook- 
ed ; but in West Boston and in several streets re- 
cently laid out, the private buildings are more 
splendid than in any other city in the United 
States. In 1817 there was erected on each side of 
Market-street, a block of brick stores more than 
400 feet in length, and 4 stories high ; and on 
Central Whar^ another immense pile of buildings 
was completed the same year, 1,240 feet long, 
oontainii^ 54 stores, 4 stories high, having a spa- 
cious hall in the centre, over which is erected an 
elegant observator jr. 

Amour the public buildings are the State house, 
which is built on elevated g^round, and commands 
•.fine view of the surrounding country; the new 
courthouse, built of stone, at an expense of ^92,- 
000 ; Faneuil hall wtiere all public meetings of the 
citizens are held ; a theatre ; an aim j-house ; a cus- 
tom house, and ^ places for ]^ublic worship, 1 1 of 
which are for Congregationalisti, 4 for Episcopa- 
lians, 4 for Baptists, 2 for Methodists, 3 for Uni- 
venalists, 1 for Roman Catholics, 1 for Friends, a 
New-Jerusalem church, and the seamens' chajie]. 
Hie population in 1800 was 24,937, in 1810, 
33,250 ; and in 1820, 43,298. The vicinity of Bos- 
ton is very populous. The inhabitants have long 
been celebiated for their enterpriaee and intelli- 
gence, and for the liberality with which they sup- 
port religions, literary, and humane institutions. 
The country around Boston is the admiration 
of every traveller of taste. The view from the 
dome of the State house lurposses any thing of the 



BOU 

kind iu thiseountry, and is not exeaQed byflts! 
from the castle hill of Edinburgh, or thai of the 
bay of Naples, from the castle of St Elma Here 
may be seen at one view, the shipping, the har- 
bor, variegated with islands and alive with ban. 
ness ; Charles river, audits beautiful country ona- 
mented with elegant country seats ; and more 
than 20 flourishing towns. The hills are fioeir 
cultivated, and rounded by the hand of natnre 
with singular felicity. 

JBo9/on, t Niagaraco. (N. T.) S. Bul&la Pop. 
886. 

BotUm^ t. Portage oo. Ohio, on Cnyahega river. 
18m.N.W.Rav#ma. Pop. 270. 

Bo9W9nh^ t Eng. 11 m. W. Leicester. 

Botany Ba^i a bay on the S. CL coast of 5ev 
Holland, discovered by capt Cook in 177a It 
has been since converted into a British settlemrat 
for the reception of exiled criminals. The dioute 
is salubrious, the soil fertile, and the settlement 
flourishing. In 1810, the population was 10,454, 
VMS. 5,513 men, 2,230 women, 2,721 children. TV 
colony consists of four districts, Sidney, ParanstU, 
Hawkesbury,and Newcastle, and it has two de- 
pendencies, HobartVtown and Port Dalrympi* 
on Van Diemen's land, about 300 miles distuL 
The chief commerce is in seal-skins, oU, and 
whalebone, and a profitable contraband tnM ii 
carried on with Chma and the South Sea isfautds. 
BeeJVeteHotouL 

Botany hland^ in the S. Padflc ocean. Loo. 
168»16'E.Lat22»26'S. 

Bote$iaief tEng.inSuflblk, 5 m.fr.Ey8. 

Boleiowi, CO. Va. W. of the Blue-ridge. Pop. 
13,589. Slaves 2,806. Engaged in agriculture 
3358, in commerce 32, in manufactures 598. 
Chief t.Finca8tle. 

Bothnia^ an extensive provice in the nortii of 
Europe, which is divided into Eaai and West, by 
the gulf of Bothina. The whole was formeri/ io 
the possession of Sweden, but the east diruion 
was ceded to Russia in 1809. West Bothnia be- 
longs under the title of a county to the Swedab 
province of Norland. 

BoikfUth Gtdfofy that part of the Baltic which 
separates Sweden from Finland. It extends iron 
lat.60»20'to65*50'N. 

Bothoa^ t. France, in Cote du Nord, 15 m< S. 
Ouingamp. 

BaihweU^ V. Scotland, in Lanark, on the Cljde, 
9 m. fr. Glasgow. 

Botol TabatOBima, isl. in the Chinese sea. ho^ 
lI7''l2'E.Lat.2P5rN. 

BolUh t Italy, on the Po,4 m. N. N. W.PU- 
centia. 

BoUkhiiU p-t Morris co. N. J. 16 m. N. ^^. 
Elizabethtown. 

Botiomlen Bay^ on the coast €i( 8. Ameriea. 
Lat4r50'S. 

Bottwar, t Wirtemberg. Lou. 9* 24' E. Lat 
4n'N. Pop. 2,255. 

Botten^ L Austrian empire, in the Tyrol, 27 m. 
N. of Trent. Lon. UMO' E. Lat 46* SJ' N. 

Bol9€3nhwrfi^ t. Prussian states, 47 m. N. Berlin. 

£000, t Naples, in Calabria Ultra, 20m. S.t. 
Reggie. Lon. 16« 19* E. Lat 37* SS* N. Pop- 
8,797. ^ .. 

Bvut^ isl. on the S. coast of France. Lon-* 
68" 49'' E. Lat 43* 23^ 31" N. . 

Buucham^ t France, on the Soheklt, in ihs «P; 
of the North. The fortifications are ci p^^ 
strength. 7 m. N. N. E. Cambray, 9 S. W. Vsiw 
ciennes. Pep. 1,123. 



BOU 

BMteri; tFrntoe, 18in.S. W.Toimu 
B^mkai, iil. Lower Cuuida, in the river St 
lAwteaBtftl m. N. £. MoatrMd. 

Bmdienilkf mifaiorj^KBoi oo. Lower Cum- 
^ 00 the & fide ortlie St Lawrence, opposite the 
viud of MeetmU and aboat 10 m. £. of tbe 

foediel, r. nniB into Lake St Freneis, near the 
booadaiy between Upper and Lower Canada. 

SraAk tSwitxerUmd^ontheJleiue, 14olS. 
W.Neo&atel. Pop. l^SOa 

Bwauty tDenmarlc, intheidandof Fmien. 

Smm, tFliBdmoiit,4m.&Coni. 

Bmg Trtui^ t Eng. in DerooBhire, 5 m. fr. 
AshbnitoB. 

BMfMni&'f Basf^ in the straits of Magellan. 
Loii.72*9'W.Ut63*6(rN. 

fisHfrnwifie's Idtmd^ in the 8. Pacific ocean. 
LoiLl55'2(rE.Lat.6"S. 

BtugtmUk^t SimUsn between Boaninville's 
isiaad, iodone of Solomon's islands. Lon. ISff" 

Bmtgtdutp^ r. risee in Mississippi, and running 
S. £. joins Peerl river in Louisiana. 

BMutittk^ orBugiMj s-p. Algiers, 80ni.E. Al- 
jien. LoQ.5*10'E.Lata6*42'N. 

AwMMfc, t end district. Hind* in Bahar. Lon. 
84'9'E.LatSS'a6'N. 

BmaBt Mamrd^ t Fnnee, in Maine-aad-Loire, 
6B.N.W.8egie. 

BcmBm, dutehy, Netherlands, between the 
paaddntehjof Luxeaabaii^andthe principality 
^ Lie^ Prince Charles of Rohan now posses- 
lait mder the soyereignty ti the king of the 
Xetherlsads. It is about 18 miles long and 9 
hroid. 

BomOm^ cap. of the dntchy of Bouillon, 60 m. 
8.E.N«aar. Lon. 5«> S' £.Lat 41^48' N. Pop. 

Btum, iiL on the W. coast of France. 

Boims, t DeUware co. N. Y. Pop. 1,287. 

Btcwtt, t France, 9 m. &£. Lille. 

Bfftns, t Naples, 28 m. £. N. E. Benerento. 

Binka^ or Ltlrd AnmnCt I^and^ in the S. Pacific 
wan. Lat5*S.Loii.l54^34'E. 

fiot%,t France, 12 nuE. by N. Meti. Pop. 
2,069. 

Bouik^Ldu, t France, 8 m. 8. W. Rouen. 

J^m^ne, »-p. France, in Pas-de-Calais. The 
b^rboor, fomerly among the best on the coast, is 
I'ow Detrly choked ap with Mini Boulogne has 
klvays been a frirounte place of resort for English 
^imxAjL Here lay the flotilla prepared by Bo- 
u^vte ia 1804 and 1806 for the invasion of Eng^ 
J^ Sm. a Calais, 46 N. Abbeville, 164 N. by 
K Paris. Pop. 10,140. 

BoHlBgiis, t France, 40 m. S. W. Toulouse. 

Bvukirt, t France, 8 m. W. N. W. St Calais. 
.BoiaMOreoik, p-t. Somerset co. N. J. on the N. 
"d« of the Raritan, 7 m. above New-Brunswick. 

B^m^imlm^ t Italy, on the Bacchiglione, 7m. S. 

Boufuoasm, t France^ 45 m. E. Mats. Pop. 
1)800. 

Bottrbm en island beloi^ng to France, in the 
nditQooesn, about 400 m. £. Madagascar. It is 
ttmileaionff, and 98 broad, containing 2,500 sq. 
■iM», and is composed of two mountains. In the 
^^U«at or touthem one, voksaaic fires are still 
Am. Ccfiee has long been the staple product 
« BoQibon. The tobacco grown here is of a good 
J^^- The forests contain wood fit for ship* 
"Uning; «l86 aleeB, ebony, palm, with a variety 



117 



BOU 



of trees that afibrd odorileroas i 
Earthquakes are unknown here ; but it is subject 
to violent hurricanes, which iigure the crops, o^ 
ten throw down houses, root up trees, and occa* 
sion the destruction of shipping. The population 
in 181 1, was 60,346, of whom 16^00 were whites 
and the rest free negroes and slaves. Lon. 65* SO' 
£. Ut21<'S. 

Boiir6on, co. Ken. lyinr between Licking and 
Kentucky rivers. Pop. 17^664. Slaves 5,165. Eup 
gaged in agrioolture 2,058, in conuneroe 77, in 
manu&ctures 492. Chief t Paris. 

Bowrbon rArehambaudf t France, 14 m. W. 
Moulins. Pop. 2,542. 

Bcurbun VAney^ t France, in Saone^nd* 
Loire, 36 m.S.W.Autun. Pop. 2,623. 

Bourbumu Us Boms, t France, in Upper 
Mame, 30 m. S. E. Chaumont Lon. 5'' 50^ E. Lat 
4r5rN. Pop. 3,913. 

Bour6ofmst«, a province of Old France, now 
forms the department of the AUier, 

Bourbon^s river^ a branch of the Maramek, in 
St Louis CO. Missouri. 

Bourbon' Fendee^ t France, cap. of Vendee, on 
the Ton, 33 m. N. W. Fontenay le Peuple, 266 S. 
W.Paris. Pop.3/)8a 

Boio^fteiifg, t France, 21 m. S. E. Gravdines, 
14 N. W. St Qmer. Pop. 1,966. 

Bombriae, t France, in Cote dn Nord, 18 m. 
W. StBrieux. Pop. 2,607. 

Bourehemin^ seigniory, Richelieu co. Lower 
Canada, 33 m. £. MontreaL 

Bourdeaux, city, and s-p. Fr^aa, cap. of Giron- 
de, on the left bank of the Garonne, 16 leagues 
from its mouth. It has a uniyersity founded in 
1441 ; an academy of arts and aoiences, instituted 
in 1712, iHiich has a library of 20,000 volumes ; 
and an academy of painting, sculpture, and archi- 
tecture, founded in 1670. 

The inland commerce, carried on through the 
Garonne and Dordogne, is very extensive ; and 
the maritime commerce is, next to that of Mar* 
seilles, the greatest in France. The tide rises to 
the height of 12 feet, so that large merchant ves- 
sels, and even frigates, can come up close to the 
town. It has an extensive trade in wme and braiH 
dy, with Britain, Ireland, Holland, Sweden, Den- 
mtfk,the Hanse towns, and other northern states. 
The principal imports are, from England, woollen 
stufls, tin, lead, co«l, herrings, ealtea flesh, leather, 
dye stufls, and diflisrent kinds of provisions ; from 
Holland, Denmark, and Sweden, staves, deals, 
timber for ship building, hemp, pitch, copper and 
cheese. The intercourse with the United States 
is very frequent, and is yearly on the increase. 325 
m. S.W.Paris. Lon. 0" 33' 59" W. Ut44'50' 
16" N. Pop. 92,374. 
Bowrdeaux^ v. France, 28 m. S. E. Valence. 
BourdeiUe^ t France, 9 m. N. W. Pcrigueux. 
Bourg ArgaUal^ t France, 35 m. S. W. Lyons. 
Bourg i*AuH^ s-p. France, 18 m. W. AbberiUe. 
Bourg en Brette^ t France, in Ain. Pop. 7400. 
20 m. E. Macon. Lon.5<' 13^ 45"E. Lat 4SP 12' 
26" N. 

Bourg'DeoUj t France, on the river Indre, ^ 
league N. Chaieaureux. Pop. 1,535. 

Sourg'LatHey t France, 25 m. W. Clermont- 
Ferrand. 

Bourghii^ sei^iory, Hampshire co. Lower- 
Canada, 25 m. W. Quebec 

Bourgmarie^ East^ seigniory, Buckingham and 
Ricfalieu counties, Lower-Canada, 36 m. S. Thrcf;- 
Rivers. 



118 



BOW 



Bovrgmarie^ Wetty eeiniiory, Ridieliau co. 
Lower-Canada, 35 m. N. £. MontreaL 

Btmrg tur Mer^ t France, at the conflux of the 
Dordogne and Garonne, 15 m. N. E. Bourdeaux. 

Bowg fPOisqm, t France, 16 m. S. £. Gf«no- 
ble. 
' Bowg de Peage^ t France, 1 m. N. Valence. 

Bourgantufy t France, 25 m. £. N. E. Limoges. 
Lon. 1* 60' E. Lat 46* 67' N. Pop. 1,988. 

Bcurges., t France, cap. of Cher, at the conflux 
of the Eore and Aaron. It has manu f actures of 
silk, woollen, and cotton stuffi, stockings, caps, 
and other articles of clothing. The chief objects 
of trade are com, wine, cattle, wool, hemp, and 
doth. It was anciently called ^varieum, and 
afterwards Biiurig<B. 36 m. N. W. Nevres, 155 S. 
Paris. Lon. r 23' 65" E. Lat AV 6' 4" N. Pop. 
16,40a 

Bowgei, t Savoy, 4 m. 8. W. Aix, 7 N. E. 
Chambeny. Pop. 1,169. 

Bourgneuft t. on the W. coast of France, 22 m. 
S. W.Nantes. Pop. 2,040. 

Bourgoinj t France, in Isere, 25 m. E. S. E. Ly- 
ons. Pop. 3,395. 

Bowmeii^ t France, 25 m. S. W. Tours. Lon. 
©•16'W. Lat47«17'N. 

Bourhtj lake, Egypt, between the Damietta 
and Rosetta branches of the Nile, about 40 miles 
long. The town BwrhSy is 30 m. BL Rosetta. 
Baurht Capty is opposite ihit E. extremity of the 
like. Lon. 31" 16' E. Lat. 31** 29* N. 

Bcvmwnti t. France, on the Maese, 22 m. £• N. 
£.Chaumont P«^ 1,071. 

BourfuUwi, V, A. Turkey, 3 m. fr. Smyrna. 

BeurrUf t Eng. 36 m. S. Lincoln. 

BoufTK, r. Eng. runs into the Avon, at Salis- 
bury. 

Bouroj one of the Molucca islands, 75 miles 
long, by 38 broad, and exceedingly fruitful in rice, 
sago, flour, oranges, lemons, citrons, other fruits, 
pepper, and the cayupnti tree, from which the na- 
tives obtain much cayuputi oil by distilling the 
leaves. Fine timber erows on this island, and 
many kinds of beautiful wood, besides black and 
white ebony, which are sought by the Dutch cabi* 
net makers. On the N. E. coast there is a spacious 
bay, with a good harbor, called Cayeli Road, 
much frequented by English whalers. 65 sl W. 
Ambqyna. The Dutch tort stands in lon. 12^4' E. 
lat. 3^ 24* S. 

Bourtang^ t, and fort, Netherlands, in Groning- 
en, 12 m. S. S. W. Winschoten. 

Baurthy t France, in Eure, 6 m. N. W. Vemeuil. 
Pop. 1,640. 

jboufso, t. Central Africa, on the Niger, E. of 
Tombuctoo. 

Bmusae^t France, 18 m. W. Mont-Lucon. 

BmutiUtj t France, on the Loire, 25 m. W. An- 
gers. 

Bouton^ isl. near the S. E. coast of Celebes, 85 
miles long, by 20 to 30 broad. The town of Bou- 
ton is in lon. 122^30 £. Iat5'*28' 8. 

Boutorme, r. France, joins the Charente, 6 m. 
£. Rodiefort 

Boutieville^ t France, 45 m. E. Orleans. 

BouBcntHU, t France, 19 m. N. E. Metz. 

Bow, or Siralford U Baw^ v. Eng. in Middlesex, 
en the Lea, 4 m. E. London. 

Bow, t Rockingham CO. N.H. on the Merrimack, 
6 m. S. S. £. Concord. Pop. 935. 

Bowd&in, p-t Lincoln oo. Maine, 20 m. W. Wis- 
casset Pop. 1,777. 



BRA 

Bewdfiinham^ p-t Linooln 06. Maine, 15 m. W. 
Wiscasset Pop. 2,259. 

BoweHninkf t Penobsoot 00. Maine, 40 m. N.W. 
Bangor. 

Botfvrt, p-v. Essex CO. Va. 

Bawerty p-v. Southampton co. Va. 

Bowes, t Eng. Yorkshire. 

Bow ItUmd^ m the S. Pacific ocean. Loa. 141' 
12' W. LaL 18* 23' S. 

Boirltng, t. i^g. in Yorkshire. Pop. 2,396. 

Bowling-green, p-v. and cap. Caroline 00. Va. 
48m.N.R£hmond. 

Bowling-green^ p-v. and cap. Warren co. Ken. 
about 30 m. E. Russelville. It has a bank, court- 
house, jail and ai»demy. Pop. in 18 10, 165. 

BowUnggreenyt Licking 00. Ohio, £. of New- 
ark. Pop. 479. 

Bownest, or BuUneu, i. Eng. in CumberUnd, 
10 m. from Carlisle. 

Bowsfer*t bluff, the W. point of WaAington 
harbour in Green bay. Lake Michigan, 85 m.N. 
£. Fort Howard, 99 S. W. Mackinaw. 

Bowyermlle, p-v. Southampton 00. Va. 

Box, V. Eng. Wiltshire, 7 m. from ChippenhuL 

Boxborough, t Middlesex 00. Mass. 30 m. N.W. 
Boston. Pop. 424. 

Boxford, t En*, in Suffolk, 5 m. from Sodbory. 

Boxford, p-t Essex co. Man. on the S. side of 
the Merrimack, 14 m. above Newburypoii, 15 N. 
W.Salem. Pop. 906. 

Boxmeer^ v. Netherlands, 24 m. E. Bois-le-Duc 

Boxlel, t, Netherlands, in Dutch Brabant, on the 
Dommel, 5 m. S. Bois-le-Duc. Pop. 2,635. 

Bo^U creek, p-v. Sevier co. Ten. 

Bo^t eretk, Louisiana, runs into theMissiaiip- 
pi, in lat 31* 60' N. 

Boyd'S'landing, p-v. Caldwell co. Illinois. 

Bojfdttown, p-v. and cap. Mecklenburg co.Vt. 

BojfU, t Ireland, in Roscommon, 18 ra. 5. 
Sligo. 

Bosfle, p-t Ontario co. N. Y. on Genesee nver, 
16 m. N. W. Canandaigua. Pop. iUslSlO, 3360. 

BojfUUm, t Worcester co. Mass. 7 m. N. E. 
Worcester. Pop. 902. 

BwlHon^ Wett, p-t Worcester co. Mail 7 m. 
N. Worcester, 44 W. Boston. Pop. 886. 

Boynt, r. Ireland, falls into the Irish channel 4 
m. b^ow Drogheda. 

Boyne ItUtndi, or UUtndM uf Benodet^ near Ker- 
guelen's Land. Lon, 68" 47' E. Lat 49" 49' S. 

BoyOalhe^ t Java, 44 m. from Samarang;. 

Bourah, t New-London co. Ct. about 6 m. W. 
Norwich. Pop. 1^083. 

BoBzo, r. Italy, in Milan, issues from the Lago 
Maggiore, and runs into the lake of Chivrs. 

BoMtoh, t Italy, in Mantua, on the Ogbo, 18 
m. W. Mantua, 26 E. Cremona. Lon. 10" 29^ 36 
E. Lat46*6'N. . ^^ 

Bra, t Piedmont, on the Stura, opposite the- 
rasca Pop. in 1802, lOyWO. 10 m. S. E. Cannag- 
nola. Lon, 7- 53' E. Lat 44" 43' N. 

Brabani, Duichy ofy province, Nethertands, 
bounded N. by Holland and Guelderland, W.oy 
Zealand and Handers, S. by Hainault and Na- 
mur, E. by Liege and Guelderland. It fonoCTiy 
belonged parUy to the house of Austria, «ijd part- 
ly to the United Provinces, and was divided mto 
Spanish or Austrian, and Dutch Brabant, in* 
south part of it is known by the name of >^n- 
loon-Brabant: in it the prevailing 1«'»8W " ' 
species of corrupted French, while in the nortflern 
division the common people use the rlomtn, 



BRA 

bat Am h^her daaaes throughout speak pare 
Freoeh. Brabant is diyided into the quarters of 
Loans, Brussels, Antwerp, and Bois-le-Duc 

Bi^borgy T. Sweden, in £. Gothland, 24 m. E. 
Koflikoping. 

Brmdait^ t. Scotland, in the isle of Skye. Lon. 

6*23' w. ULsrsa'N. 

firaenono, t. Ecclesiastical States, on the lake 
of Bnccisno. Lon. \T 15' E. Lat. 42* 5' N. 

BraeeoBe^ p-t Trumbull co. Ohio, 7 m. S. W. 
Warren. Pop. 380. 

Broe&l, T. Prussian States, 6 m. W. Cologne. 

BradtaAeim, t Wirtemberg, 18 m. N. Stutt- 
jard. Fop. 1,469. 

Bneka^ co. Ken. on the Ohio. Pop. 5;280. 
Slaves 676. Engaged in agriculture 993, in com- 
merce S8, in mannfartures 153. Chief t Au- 
gusta. 

BroeU^ t Eng. in Northampton, 13 m. S. S. 
W. Northampton. 

Braiana, r. Naples, fiills into the gulf of Ta* 
ranta 

BraddodtUJSdd, Pa. the place where Braddock 
wasilainin an ambush of Indians, July 1755, on 
Tartle creek, 6 m. E. S. E. Pittsburg. 

Bndiod^t hay, on the S. shore of Lake Onta- 
rio, 5 m, W. of the entrance of Genesee river. 
It sets up about 4 miles into the towns ^of Gates 
lad Psrma. 

Bndfield^ t Eng. in Yorkshire, 4 m. W. Shef- 
field. Fop. 4454. 

Bmifvrd^ t Eng. in Wilts, on the Avon, 7 m. 
S. L Bath. It is celebrated for the manufiicture 
of sQperfine broaddoth. Pop. 6,435. 

Bndford^ or Bradforth, t. Ene. in Yorkshire, 10 
BL W. Leeds. Mannfiictures of worsted stuff! are 
arried on here, more extensively than in any oth- 
er put of the kinedom. Pop. 7,767. 

Broifori, p-t. Hillaborough co. N. H. 20 m. W. 
Concord, Pop. 1,318. 

Brtdfordj p-t Orange co. Vt on Connecticut 
mer, 7 m. below Newbury. Pop. in 1810, 1,302. 

Bmifordy p-t Essex co. Mass. on the S. side of 
the Merrioiaok, opposite Haverhill, 10 m. above 
Newbaryport; 28 N. Boston. Pop. 1,600. Ves- 
»h of oonsiderable burthen are built here. Great 
qoantities of leather shoes are made for exporta- 
tion. Bradford academy is highly respectable, 
uklcostams at present about 120 pupils. 

BraJfMl^ co. Pa. on the Suaquehannah. Pop. 
n,S54; engaged in agriculture 3,076. Chief t 
Meaiuv\)le. 

B«i^orrf,t Clearfield CO. Pa. Pop. 672. 

^ra^sfi, £«/, t Chester co. Pa. Pop. 1,217. 

BrMrd, fFuty t Chester co. Pa. Pop. 1,739. 

Braftng, v. on the E. coast of the isle of Wight. 

BrmtUyhaily p-v. Prince- William co. Va. 

Bf^i^y Jfitrtkf t. Eng. Wiltshire, 3 m. S. 
Trowbridge. 

Bndlegtaie^ t Caledonia co. Vt 40 m. N. E. 
Mootpelier. 

Bradle^tviUe, p-v. Litchfield co. Ct. 

BrtdrUndi, t Eng. in Devonshire, 6 m. N. E. 
Exeter. 

Bradihmty t Eng. in Derbyshire. 

Bndwell^ t Eng. in Derbyshire, 3 m. from 
Tidenrell. 

firsCTiBr, a mountainous district, Scotland, in 
we S. W, part of Aberdeen county. 

BragOjcity, Portugal, capital of Entre-Douro- 
f-Mjnho,oo the Este. It is the seat of an aroh- 
, who is primate ef the kingdom. Its hat- 



B R A 



119 



manufactory supplies a great part of Portugal. 27 
m. N.N. E. Porto, SON. Coimbra. Lon.#5'W. 
Lat 4r 33 N. Pop. 13,000. 

J^rogo, ^rMishoprie of, forms the third divis- 
ion of the province of £ntre-Douro-e-Minho, in 
Portugal. Pop. in 1810, 638,102. 

BraganzOy t Portugal, one of the oldest in the 
kingdom, is situated on the Fervensa, in the prov- 
ince of Tras-los-Montes. 30 m. N. W. Miranda- 
de-Duero. Lon. r 25' W. Lat 41' 44' N. Fop. 
2,900. 

B raganga^ Mtva. See Aveiro, 

Brahettadi, t. Russia, on the E. coast of Both- 
nia, 33 m. S. S. W. Uleaboi^. Lat 64" 41' N. 

BroAt^oir, t Turkey, in Walachia, with a strongs 
ciudel on the Danube, 130 m. S. S. W. Bender. 
Lon. 28" 16* E. Lat 45' 16' N. 

BraidaUnn^ district, Scotland, in Perthshire, 
about 33 miles long, by 31 broad. 

Brainerd^ Missionary station of the American 
Board of Missions in Chickamaugah, a district of 
the Cherokee nation, 30 m. from the N. W. comer 
of Georgia in an easterly dvection, 2 within the 
chartered limits of Tennessee, 250 S. E. Augusta, 
150 N. W. Nashville, 110 N. E. KnoxviUe. It 
stands on the western side of the Chickamaugah 
creek, a navigable water of the Tennessee, 16 
miles from its mouth. The establishment was 
made in 1817, and has been remarkably prospered. 
In 1822, 29 boys and 18 girls had left the school 
who could read and write ; and the number of < 
scholars then in school was 100, of whom all are 
boarded, and many clothed, at the expense of 
the mission. The buildings consist of a dwellinr 
house, with appendages for the accommodation m 
the family, 2 school houses, 1 for the boys and 1 for 
the girls, several cabins used as dwelling houses, 
a grist-mill, saw-mill, blacksmith's and car- 
penter's shops. A farm of about 50 acres is 
brought under cultivation, and already such is the 
progress of the Cherokees in agriculture, that 
they furnish most of the means of subsistence to 
the mission. In the burying-ground is the grave 
of the Rev. Dr. Worcester, late Corresponding 
Secretary to the board, who died here June 7th, 
1821. 

Brainerd*i bridge^ p-v. in Nassau, Rensselaer oo. 
N.Y. 

Bninef t France, 10 m. E. Soissons. 

BraineH Aleu, t Netherhmda, 10 m. E.N.E. 
Braine le Comte. 

Braine le Comte^ t Netherlands, in Hainault, 15 
m. N. N. E. Mons, 16 S. S. W. Brussels. 

Braintree^ t. Eng. in Essex, 1 1 m. N. E. Chelms- 
ford. 

Braintree^ t Orange oo. Vt 21 m. S. Montpe- 
lier. Pop. in 1810, 850. 

BraifUret, t Norfolk co. Mass. on a bay, 8 m. 
S. Boston. Pop. 1^166. It is the birth-place of 
JoHir Adams, tne second President of the United 
States. 

BrairUree^ (A«0.) SeeJVew Brmniree, 

BramtrenWf p-v. Luzerne co. Pa. on the Susque- 
hannah, 50 m. above Wilkesbarre. Pop. 525. 

Braltn, t Silesia, 8 m. E. Wartenburg. Lon. 
lT'55'E.Lat55<> 18' N. 

Bramaniy t Savoy, on the river Are, 42 m. E. 
by S. Chamberry. 

Bramapootra river. See Burrampooier. 

Brambtr^ t and borou6:h, Eng. in Sussex. 

Bramham^ v. Eng. in Yorkshire, 4 m. S. Weth- 
erby. 

Bramley, t Eng. in Surrey. 



130 



BRA 



' Bvmide^^ t En;, in Yorkshire, 4 m. from Leedii 

Brampton^ t Eng. in Cumberland, 6 m. N. Car- 
lisle. 

Brampton^ t Eog. in Derbyshire, 4 m. W. Ches- 
terfield. 

Bromp/on Bierojow, t Eng. Yorkshire, 6 m. from 
Rotherham. 

Bramttede^ ▼. Denmark, 21 m. N. Hambofg. 

Bran, r. Scotland, &Us into the Tay near thm- 
keld. 

Brtmeakone^ t Naples, in Calabria Ultra, 9 m. 
B. E. Bova. 

Braneatter^ t Eng. in Norfolk. 

Braneo de Malambo^ t New Grenada, on the 
river Madalena, 75 m. N. Carthagena. Lon. 75^ 
WW.Ut. 11*40' N. 

Brand, t Saxony, 2 m. S. Freyberg. 

Brandeu^ i. Boh^nia, on the lUbe, 13 m. £. N. 
£. Prague. 

Brmtdmburg^ Mark^ or MarqttUaU o/, the most 
important of the Prussian states, and the basis of 
the monarchy, has Brunswick and Hanorer im 
the W. Mecklenburg and Pomerania on the N. the 
grand dutchy dT Posen on the E. and Silesia, with 
a part of Saxony, Anbalt, and Magdeburr, on the 
8. It is divided into the electoral and the New 
Mark ; the former comprehends the Old Mark^ 
the Priegnitz, the Middle mark, and the Ucker 
Mark. The principal towns are, in ths Old Mark, 
Stondal ; in the Middle Mark, Berlin, Branden- 
bm^, Potsdam, and Frankfort on the Oder ; in 
the Ucker Mark, Prenzlan ; in the New Mark, 
Custrin, and in the Mark of Priegnitz, Perleberg. 
The minority of the inhabitants are Lutherans, 
the remainder Calvinists. Pop. in 1801, including 
the military, 1,100,000. The arts and sciences 
are more cultivated here than in any other part 
ef the Prussian monarchy. Berlin is both the 
residence of the court and the centre of literary 
•stablishments. 

Brmuienburg^ t. Prussia, in the Middle Mark 
«f Brandenburg, on the Havel, 31 m. W. Berlin. 
fop, 13,000. 

BrantHi^t Saxony, 9 m. E. Leipsic. 

Brmdis^ v. Switzerland, 11 m. E. N. E. 
Berne. 

Bnmdonf t Eng. in SuflTolk, 6 m. from Thet- 
ibrd. 

Brandon^ p-t Rutland co^ Vt. on Otter crdek, 
12 m. N. Rutland, 40 S. W. Montpelier. Pop. in 
1810, 1,375. Here is a bed of iron ore of a supe- 
rior qusdity, at which are erected a foige, a lur- 
naoe and an establishment for the manufacture of 
shovels ; the forge yields 36 tons of bar iron, and 
the furnace upwards of 100 tons of cast iron annu- 
aUy. 

Brandaotj isl. Demnark, in the Little Belt Lon. 
r44'£. Ut55''22'N. 

Bnmdy Pe/s, islands in the St. Lawrence, 108 
m. below Quebec, and opposite the mouth of Sa- 
guenay river. 

B randywine^ t Chester co. Pa. Pop. 1 ,43] . 

Brandjpnnt hundred, New Castle co. DeL 
Poa 2,708. 

£raii4n9ttie, creek, Delaware, rises in Cherter 
CO. Pa. and running E. of S. 45 miles, passes by 
Wilmington and falls into the Delaware 2 miles 
below. It abounds with fine mill «eat^ the de- 
scent of the river being 300 feet in the course of 
25 miles. It is navi^ibto for vessels drawing 8 
feet water to the mills 3 miks from its mouth. A 
mile above its mouth it receives Chriitiana creek 
from the West The BraadywiM floor aiUt form 



BRA 

the' finest oolleetion in the United StalM. b 
1815, they were 14 in number, capable of grind- 
ine annually 500,000 bushels. Above the floor 
muls other improvements are made^ exten- 
ding 4 or 6 miles along the river ; among these 
are several large cotton and woollen mamifoct«>- 
ries, a large manufacture of gunpowder, n paper 
mill, snun mill, &c A battle was fouj^t at a 
place called Chadd^s ford on this river, between 
the British and Americans, Sept 11th 1777, after 
which the Americans retreatecL 

Branfofd^ p-t New-Haven oo. Ct od Loog^ 
Island Sound, 10 m. E. New-Haven. Pop. 
2,23a 

Bmii«fc,t. Russia, in Grodno, 16 m. W. Bielsk. 
Pop. 1,026. 

BriKuUme^'i, France, 10 m. N. Perigneux. 

Bron/on. See Btounion. 

BnutkinCt crttky Ken. runs into Salt river, in 
Shelby county. 

Bmril, SeeBfOffiL 

BuuUn^t, Russia, 76 m. N. N. E. Wilnsu 

Bnupari^ t France, in Finisteira, 8 m. N. Cha- 
teau-LuL Pop. 2;323^ 

Brosfoy. See BreMt^. 

Brauat^ t France, in Puy-de-Dome, 9 m. S. Is- 
Boire : another in Tarn, 11 m. E. Castres. 

BrofSM, r. Mexico, rises in 34** N. lat. and lOflT 
W. Ion. and entering the province of Texas, dis- 
charges itself into the gulf of Mexico in VP 40^ N. 
lat. after a course of iQO miles. 

BraUkoi, t Siberia, in Irkutsk, on the Angazm, 
140 m. N. E. Nischney Udinsk. 

BraUum, t West Prussia, 48 m. E. Culn. 

Brattleboro^ p-t Windham co. Vt on Connecti* 
cut river, 36 m. E. Bennington, 41 above North- 
ampton, 96 W. N. W. Boston. Pop. in 1810^ 1,891. 

Srattarijt Eng. in Wiltshire, 3 m. E. N. E. 
Westbury. 

BraisUtv^ t Russia, in Podolia, on the Bog. 
Lon. 28° 55'E.Lat 48" 50^ N. 

Brmia,s-p. E. Africa. Lon. 44*" SO' E. Lat 1* 
12' N. 

Braubaeh^ t Germany, on the Rhine, 10 m. W. 
Nassau. 

Braughm^ v. Eng. in Hertforddure, 28 m. N. 
London. 

Bnittfio, the highest of the Rhoetian Alps, near 
Bormio, on the borders of the TyroL 

BftRfnoti, fortified t Austrian empire, oa the 
Inn,60 m. N. E. Munich. Lon. 12* 56^ 45^ £^ 
Lat48»14'N. 

Bfiramtu, t Bohemia, 25 m. E. Konmgtcratz, 
Lon.l6'9'E.Lat60"25'N. 

Brauntdorf^U Saxony, 11 m. N. E. Freyberg. 

Brmaueijfen^ t Moravia, 16 m. N. N. E. OI- 
mutz. 

Bfotmfon, t Eng. in Devonshire, 4 m. N. W. 
Barnstaple. 

Braoo Rio, See JVer/e, Bto tfel. 

Brmfy V. Eng. in Berkshire, on the Thames, 25 
m. from London. 

Bra^y s-p. Ireland, 10 m. from Dublin. 

Bray tur Stine^ t France, on the Seine, 10 m. 
a S. W. Provins. 

Brcry tur Somme^ t France, 15 m.E. Anuens. 

Braanli a country of S. America, whioh inclu- 
ding Portuguese Guiana, is bounded N. by Span- 
ish Guiana, French Guiana, and the Atlantic 
Ocean ; E. and S. E. by the Atlantic ; and W. by 
Buenos Ayres, Peru and New Granada. It ex- 
tends on the coast, from the month of the Oyapok 
inlat4'>N.tokt33*3'3. TheaNAis< 



BRA 

ttdtt%9l0BOi4au«mil«tor aeirljoQetHlid 

ofSoatb.4nencm. Beiide the abore territoiy, 
the ?vtapute hare recently takeo poeaeitioii of 
aU tkl portiao of Buenos Ayrei, lying ■oath imd 
east flT'lhe Panin, and extcaidi]i§: ^ the eoatt to 
tbtawthof the Plata, bat their right to thii eooD- 
tirina Dever been acknowledged. 

fortaguese Guiaaa includes nearly all the part 
Mrth of the Amazon. The rest of the coantry is 
dirU into 12 prorinces, called capitaniaa, via. 
hn, Mftiinham, Seara, Peraamboco^ Bahia, 
Kwas Geni«s^ Rio Janeiro, St. Paul, 8t Cathe« 
i-ina, Rio Gruide, Qoias, Matto Grotto. 
A ridge of moaDtains, termed the Brazilian Andes, 
rODs pualld to the eoast» at no great d]ttaiiee,from 
If to3f S. lit with the steepest side towards the 
Kt, and slopiog more gradoally towards the inte- 
rior. In the vest, the country again rises, and by 
i:entle gndations attains to the height of from 
V»l0to5fi0Ow efiOO feet aboye the level of the 
ftx, where it spreads out intothoee barren and san- 
dy plaioi kiKiWD onder the name of Campas Pa- 
Rxis, whi^ eocii^y the very centre of South 
.Uiericatfouiid the sources of the Tapajos and 
tiie hcsd waters of the Itfadeira. Nearly the whole 
of Brazil isoovered by a vast and impenetrable 
bnH, scarcely 20/XX) square miles oat of the 
S^tOfMlOO wfaidi it contains being as yet brought 
Boder coitiiration. This immense wilderness is 
irarened by the principal tributaries of the Ama- 
zoB aadLa Phita, oiioae head streams are separa- 
ted from escb other by the Andes of Cfaiquitos 
which winds its way irregularly from east to west 
throu!^ the very heart of the coantry, between \(f 
ad'Xr S. lat The clnnate of Brazil in the 
acithera pert of the Amazon is intensely hot, but 
I! tempered by the humidity of the atmoephera 
ud by eopioas dews. In the south it is temper- 
>te aod flometimes even eoUL The coantry is 
iiaitby. Ihe rams commence in March and coD- 
tiaue tiU .^ngost The soil, so far as it has been ex- 
pioRd, is eztnanly fertile and well watered. The 
prodoetioos sfe cotton, sugar, ooSm^ tobacco, and 
fnsii ia the noithem provinces ; the southern 
podnce wheat and other European grains, and in- 
Qiimenble herds of cattle. The forestt abound 
with Tirieties of useful atod beautiful wood for 
^ioSiCsbnetwork, or diip-bailding. But the 
BHKtpiscioas productions of JBrazil are diamonds 
u>i gold, which are chiefly found in the beds of the 
DoantsB torrents, or in deep vallies, in a stratom 
of nraoded pebblea or gravel, from which they 
(^teputed by washing. What is termed the 
I>»aoQd district, extends about 60 miles from 
north to sooth, and 95 findn east to west around 
<H«Moroea of the Rio FVancisoo and lUo Grande 
iiithecspttaniaoflllinasGeraes. This territory 
I* BDder militAry government, and guards are sta- 
"oiwd oa all the roads to examine travellers, and 
^^'tain pertoQs suspected of smuMiing diamonds. 
^^ one is allowed to enter the Kamond district 
without the petuission of the governor. The 
penoa who is detected in smaggling, is punished 
^ih the confiscation of his whole property and 
^tite to AfirioB, or with imprisonment, sometimes 
Ttife. The average qaaatity of diamonds ob- 
^ in this district, may be estimated at from 
^000 to 2SJ0OO carats amuially, which are sent 
oMer amiUtary estort to Rio Janeiro, and there 
^xi^inthe royal treasury. The oolleetionof 
•iiiowndsnow m potoessioa of the king of Portu- 
;«i>» the finest in the world, and is supposed to 

16 



BRE 



121 



•acetoed in value three miUio&s stbrting. The 
largest diamond ever found in America, weighing 
almott an oanoe, is one of the collection. The 
population is estimated at 2,400,000, oi whom one 
sixth are supposed to be whites of Portoguese ori- 
gin, one half negroes and mulattoes, and the re- 
mainder independent Indians. Brazil is a Portu- 
guese colony, governed by a viceroy. In the year 
1806» when Portugal wras mvaded by the French, 
the royal family, to escape the impending daOp 
ger, removed to Brazil and established their gov- 
ernment at Rio Janeiro, which continued dm 14 
jrears to be the capital of the Portuguese possessions 
m both hemispherci. The king has now returned 
to Europe, and Brazil is reduced to its former state 
of colonial dependence on the mother country. 
The religion is Roman Catholic, under one arch* 
bishop and eight bishops. The commerce of Bra- 
zil was formerly subjected by the Portuguese gov- 
ernment, to all the usual restraints imposed by 
the colonial system of Europe. But after the em- 
igration of the court to Rio Janeiro, the old re- 
strictions were done away, and a commercial tneaty 
was concluded with Great Britain, by which all 
the ports of the country were opened to British 
vessels and produce, on payment of a duty of 15 
per cent British manafacturte of every deatsnp- 
tbn are now imported to a great extent Portu- 
gal continues to send oil, wine, brandy, linens .and- 
cottons. From the United States are imported 
flour, salted provisions, household furniture, and 
naval stores. India and China goods are also in 
great plenty. The principal exports are cotton, 
cofiee, sugar, tobacco, and Brazil wood from the 
northern provinces ; gold and diamonds, from the 
middle ; and wheat, hides, horn, hair and tallow 
from the southern. The chief towns are Rio Jan- 
eiro, St Salvador, and Pemambuoo. 

Bnosso, isl. in the Adriatic, opposite Spalatco 
in Dalmatia, belonging to Austria. Pop. 16^000. 

Breoge, t. Eng. in Cornwall, 3 m. N. W. HeU- 
ton. Pop. 2,888. 

Bnauie, i France, 90 m. W. N. W. Rouen. 

Breben, SeeBoiWy. 

Brecey,t France, in La Manche, 8 m. N. £. 
Avranches. Another, 7 m. N. W. Mayennft. 

BrecAtn, t Scotland, in Forfiir or Angus ca 83 
m. N. Edinburgh. Lon. nV E. Lat. 56** 40'N. 

Pop.5,ooa 

BreekavHdgt^ oo. KeiL on the (Hiio, intersected 
by Green river. Pop. 7,486 ; slaves 1,207 ; en«> 
gaged in agriculture 2^094, in commerce 9, in 
manufactures 38. The court-house is 44 m. from 
Corydon in Indiana. 

BreOeei^idd, t Prussua states, 20 m. N. N. £. 
Cologne. 

Breebwdc ca S. Wales, boOnded N. by Had- 
nor, W. by Cardigan and Caermartiien, S. ■ by 
Mohmouth and Glamorgan, and £. by HerefoM. 
It contains 731 square miles, a third of which is ' 
unfit for cultivation. Pop. 37,735. Families, 
7,919, of which number 4,667 are engaged in agri- 
culture, and 2^09 in manu&ctures. 

Brcdbnodc, or Brecon, t and cap. of Brecknock- 
shire, Wales, is at the confluence of the Uske and 
Honddu, 168 m. W. London. Lon. 3* 12^ W 
Ut.5r54'N. Pop. 3,196. 

Bredbiedb, t Lancaster co. Pa. Pop. 1^062. 

Bredbiodb, t Berks cb. Pa. Pop. 636. 

Breaa^ a strong town of the Nefherlands, in 
Dutch Brabant, on the navigable river Merck, 
near the influx of the Aa, 22 m. S. S. E. Rotter- 
dam. Lon.4'46'drE.Ut&r35'23''N. 



188 



B RE 



B RE 



Breit^ r. Eng. joini the Rotfaflr, mv WineiMU 
fte. 

Bredoy Lth t France, in Gironde, 10 dl B.Bour- 
deaax. Pop. 1,324 

Breddedt, t. Denmark, 21 m. W. N. W. Sles. 
wick. 

Bnty t France, in Mayenne, 10 dl N. £. La- 
val. 

Brtevort^ otBredeooort^ t Netherlands, 27 m. S. 
E Zutphen. 

Breeaneorij itl. off the coast of. France. Lon. 6° 
lyarE* Lat4y5'28"N. i 

Bregenit^circlB^ Austria, in Tyrol, on the lake 
of Constance. Pop. 84,750. firegentz, the chief 
town, is 4 m. S. £. Lindaa. Lon. 9° 43* 55" £. 
Lat 47*' 30^ 30^ N. The river Bregenia falls into 
the lake of Constance. 

BregUo, t. Sardinian states, 18 m. N. E. Nice. 

BrAaly t France, 5 m. N. E. Granville. 

Brehar, one of the ScUly islands. Lon. 6** 47' W. 
Lat 50* 2' N. 

Brdiammi, t France, in Indre-and-Loire, 15 m. 
W. Tours. 

Brehna, t. Prussia, 62 m. N. W.Dresden. 

Breirat^ mt Scotland, m Aberdeenshire, 4,220 
feet high. 

Brtitach^ formerly AU BreuaeK t. Baden, on 
the Rhine. Pop. 2,614. Lon. 7<> 33' £. Lat. 
48" IN. 

Breiienbaehy t Schvrartzbui^ Sondershausen. 
Pop. 2,000. 

BreitenfiMt v. Saxony, 6 m. N. Leipsic. 

Brem^ t Austria, 18 m. E. Trieste. 

Brembatodi SoHo^ U Italy, 6 m. W. Beigamo. 

Branbo, r. Italy, joins the Adda, 8 m. fr. Ber- 
gamo. 

Bremeih a dutchy in the kingdom of Hanover, 
between the Weser and the Elbe, having Hadeln 
on the N. and Lunebuig with Verden on the S. 
It contains 2,200 square miles, and 168,504 inhab- 
itants. 

Bremen^ one of the four free cities of Germany, 
lies on both sides of the Weser, near the centre of 
the kingdom of Hanover. It was formerly a lead- 
ing member of the Hanseatic league, and has had, 
since 1529, a celebrated academy, partly Lutheraa, 
partly Calvinist The harbor is at a place called 
Elfslelh, 6 mUes nearer the sea. The trade of 
Bremen u extensive, and is in part founded on its 
Qanufactures of reined sugar, cotton, woollen 
cloths, dye stuft, ftc^ but chiefly on the exporia^ 
tion of the products of the country on the Weser, 
and the importation of such foreign goods as find 
a market in these parts of Germany. The city 
contains 37,400 inhabitants, or including the an- 
nexed territory of 77 sq. miles, 48,500. 54 m. 
S. W. Hamburg. Lon. 8* 48' 3"' £. Lat 53" 4' 
45" N., 

Bremgarten, t Switzerland, in Aargau, on the 
Renss, 10 m. W. Zurich, 20 N. Lucerne. 

Bremme^ t. Sardinia, in MUan, at the junction of 
the Sesia with the Po. 

Brtfuihky^ t. Eng. in Kent, 7 m. S. £. Tun- 
bridge. 

Brendolon t. Austrian Italy, on the river Beo- 
ehiglione, 7 m. S. W. Vicenza. Pop. 2,200. 

BreneU^ v. Switzerland, 10 m. N. W. NeuibhateL 
Pop. 1,000. 

Brenner^ one of the Tridentine Alps in the Ty- 
rol, between Innspruck and Stoning. Height 6^087 
feet 

Breno^ or Bree. t Italy, on the Oglio, 32 m. N. 
Bresciano, 25 S. Bormio. Fop. 24)00. 



Breni^ r. Sag. raw into the Hiamat «t Breot^ 
fold. 

Brtni, or Souih Breni^ t Eng. Devondure, 16 
m. E. Plymouth. 

Brenia^ r. Austrian Italy, in gov. of Venice, h 
rises in a lake in the Tyrol and runs into the Adri- 
atic below Padua ; by means of its tribatary the 
Brentone and numerous canals it is very advan- 
tageous for inland trade. It divides before its en- 
trance into the sea into two branches. 

Brenifinrdj t. Eng. in Middlesex, on the Thames. 
7 m. W. London. 

Brenttpoodj p-t Rockingham co. N. H. 15 m. W. 
Portsmouth. Pop. 892. 

Brmiwood or Bumiuoody t Eng; in Eaaex, 18 m. 
E. London. 

BrmlMj r. Wirtemberg, runs into the Danube at 
Laujingen. 

BrudiaU v. Dutrh Brabant, 6 m. fr. Antwerp. 

BraeiA, city, Italy, cap. oC the Bresciano, in a 
beautiful plain on the Gana. Thu town is sur- 
rounded with walls, ditches, and bastinns^ Tbe 
manufactures are linseed oil and fire amu. Th« 
other articles of trade are silk, flax, wool, linea, 
and wine. Pop. 48,000. 30 m. S. E. Bergamo, 54 
N. Parma, and 106 W. Venice. Lon. 10" 14' E. 
Lat46"32'N. 

Brueianoy a district, Austrian Italy, in Milan, 
bounded N. by Botmia and Treat, E. by the lake 
ofGarda,the Veronese, and the dutchy air Mantua; 
S. by the same dutchy and the Cremonese, and W. 
by the Cremasco, the Bergamasoo, and the Valle- 
line. Pop. 500,000. 

JSreitnj, isl. off* the S. W. coast of EiylaM. 

Breilauj one of the four districts of the proT- 
inoe of Silesia. It contains 3^74 square miles, 
and 476,000 inhabitants. Breslau is the chiei 
town. 

BretUm, cap. of Silesia, is on the left bank oi 
the Oder, at the influx of the Ofalan which rues 
through thetown, 130 m. E. Dresden. Lon. 17" 
2" 18'' E. Lat 51** 6' N. It is surrounded with 
strong walls and other fortifications. Hare are 26 
Catholic and 8 Lutheran churches, and a Cathobe 
University, which has 14 professors and 400 atn- 
dents. It is the centre of trade for the whole of 
Silesia. The staple article is linen, after which 
come printed cottons, calico, chintz, woollen stutE^ 
silk, Turkish yam, and thread. Four annual 
fairs are held here. Pop. including the military. 
76,8ia 

Breile^ r. France, foils into the English channel 
atTreport 

Bretle^ t France, in Oise, 8 m. E. Beauvais. 

Breuay^ one of the Shetiand islanda, aboat 4^ 
miles long and 3 broad, separated from Shetland 
by Bressay sound, a fine harbor, where the Green- 
land whale ships and Dutch herring vesseb fre- 
quently rendezvous. Lon. V 12f W. Lat. 60^ 
14' N. 

Bresst, a province of France, included, since the 
revolution in the departinent of the Aisne. 

Bresfiars, t France, in Deux-Sevres, 14 nu S. 
E. Chatillon. Pop. 630. 

BresI, s-p. France, in Finisterre, the chief sta- 
tion of Uie French marine, and one of the best 
harbors in Europe. The road affords-anchorage 
for at least 500 men of war. The harbor is in the 
form of alongcuial,with a very narrowand difficult 
entrance defended by strong fortifications. One of 
the chief advantages of the harbor of Brest is, 
that vessels can go out with almost any wind. The 
principal public buildings are the barradcs, rope- 



fi Rf 

walks, doHi nBLBofafltorite, f«rg«B and foanderief, 
the inuBeoK naval anenal and dock-yard ; the two 
quajTs wbkk eneompasa the harbor. Pop. 24,180. 
l.!7 BL W. Ptois. Lon, 4*'S8' 46" W. Lat.46* 
23- 14" N. 

BnkmL, t Fiance^ inEure, 17 m. S.W. Erreiix. 
Pbp. 1,896. 

Bretemi^ t. Franoe, in Cue, 90 m. S. Armiens. 
Fop. 2,ioa 

Breton, r. £i^. fidb into the Stow, near Had- 
leigfi. 

Brdiofu See Cape BreUnu 

BntonwoodB^LCktoaeo. N. H. 70 m. N. Concord. 
Pop. 19. 

Breff, T. Ei^. in Essex, fiills into the Stoor. 

BreH, Gf^M, the N. £. point of the Baj of Isl- 
ands, in New-Zealand. Lon. 185° 24' W. Lat 35" 
JOTS. 

Brtaen,ar BreAnm^i. Baden, 18 m. S. E.Spires» 
and 21 a Heidelberg. Pop. 2,594. 

Bretimt^ Monk^ t. Eng. in Torkidiire, 1^ m. from 
Bamsley. Breittm^ ^ett, 6 m. fr. Bamsley. 

Bretsenkeim^ v. Prussia, prov. of Lower Rhine, 
formerly capital of a German principality. Pop.522. 

BreaiOA, p-t. Natchitoches co. Louisiana. 

Bmcacft, r. France, runs into the 111, at Stras- 
bary. 

Brewer., p-t. Penobscot co. Maine, on Penobscot 
rivier, 5 m. S. £. Bangor. Pop. 744. 

Bmrer's iMomL, bay on the coast of Honduras. 
Loo. W 40r W. Lat 16' 48' N. 

Brtw9odj t. E^. in Staffordshire, 7 m. N. Wol- 
Terfaampton. 

Brewster, p-L Barnstable co. Mass. on Bamsta- 
bl£.bay, 16 m. E. Bamstoble. Pop. 1,285. 

Brarton. See Bruion. 

Brete^ t. Prance, in Maiae-and-Loire, 5 m. S. 
raomnr. 

BrtMoOn^ t. France, in the Eure-and-Loire, 22 
m. X. W. Cfaartres. 

Braiden, t Syria, 100 m. N. N. E. Damascus. 

Brumcon^ t France, in Upper Alps. Beings . 
"«ated on the principal road across the Alps from 
Fraoeeto Piedmont, it is a barrier fortress of the 
&?t importance, and is considered impregnable. 
50 m. E. S. £. Grenoble. Lon. 6*" 43^ E. Lat. 44* 
S4X. Pop. 2,976. 

BrUnutmnOj t Savoy, on the Isere, near Mou- 
tired. 

Brumit, t Russia, in Orel, 95 m. N. W. Orel. 
Pop. 4,000. Lon. 34" 14' E. Lat 53" 20' N. 

Briar ereekn t Columbia co. Pa. Pop. 1,719. 

Briar ereik^ Geo. rises about 40 m. W. Augusta, 
md runs S. into Sarannah river, about half way 
between Angusta and Savannah. 

BrMvc,t France, on the Loire, 33m.E.S.E. 
Orleans. Pop. 1,65a 

BniNr, t Austria, in Illyria, circle of Fiume. 
Pop. 2,712. 

Brkdand erot$-roadM^ p-v. Washington cb. Pa. 

BnrAeroaeo, t Piedmont, 3 m. S. S. W. PigneroL 

Bridk, r. Ireland, runs into the Cashin, 10 m. N. 
Tralee. 

BriMmttt, p-v. Sussex co. N. J. 

Briek^meeiinghmue^ p-v. Cecil co. Md. 

BrtdbvtZIe, t Cuyahoga co. Ohio. Pop. 316. 

Briei^<, r. Ireland, runs into the bay of Dungar- 
ran. 

BraJ^ r. Ireland, foils into the Blaek-water. 

Bridgdrmeh, or BridgeoiOe^ p-v. Sussex co. 
Del. 

Briigefrr^j T. Eng. 10 m.E. N. E. NottinghBin. 



B RI 



193 



BrvMum^tonf p-v. in Southampton, Suffolk 
Brid^end^ t Wales, in Glamoigan, 20 m. W. 

Bridgenett^ s-p. Scotland, on the Frith of Forth. 
17m. W.Edinburgh. 

Brif^gmorf^tEng. in Shropshire, on the Sev* 
ern. It is an ancient royal borough, and sends 
two members to parliament. 20 m. E. S. £• 
Shrewsbury. Lon.2" SC/ W. Lat. 5T 3» N. Pop. 
4,179. 

Bridgeport, seaport and borough in the town- 
ship of Stratford. Conn. 3^ m. W. Stratfoid, 17i 
W. New Haven. It is beautifully situated on both 
sides of Pughquonnuok river, a fine mill stream 
forming at its mouth the harbor of Bridgeport 
Here are a bank and 2 churches, 1 for Episcopali- 
ans and 1 for CoD^regatioualists. Pop. in 1810, 
1,089. The inhabitants are mostly mwduuvts en- 
gaged in the coasting trade, and mechanics. Ship- 
piiM^ in 1815, 1,414 tons. 

Bridgeport, p-v. Harrison co. Va. 

Bridgeport, bor. and t. Fayette co. Pa. on the 
Monongahela, separated by Dunlap's creek from 
BroumevUle, Pop. 624. 

Bridgetown, t and cap. Barbadoes, on the S. W. 
coast of the island, on the bay of Carlisle, which 
is large enough to contain 500 ships. It is esteem- 
ed one of the finest cities in the West Indies, but 
has suflered severely at different times both from 
fires and hurricanes, especially from the dreadful 
storm of the 10th October, 1780, in which above 
4000 of the inhabitants perished. Lon. 58^ 3b' W. 
Lat. 13" la N. Pop. 10,000. 

Bridgetown, p-t. Cumberland co. Maine, 39 m. 
N. W. Portland. Pop. 1,180. 

Bridgetown, p-t. and cap. Cumberland ca N. 
J. on Cohanzie creek, 20 m. above its entrance 
into Delaware bay, 50 m. S. S. E. Philadelphia. 
The river is navigable to this place for vessels 
of 100 tons. Shipping in 1815, 14,493 tons. 
Here are a courthouse and jail, a bank, and an 
academy. 

Bfidgetown, t Queen-Anne co. Md. on the W. 
side of the Tuokahoe, 8 m. £. Centreville. 

Bridgetown, p-t. Kent co. Md. on Chester river, 
18 m. lOMve Chester, 45 E. Baltimore. 

Bndgewater, t Eng. in Somerset co. on the 
Parret, 12 miles from the sea. The river is navi- 

rble to this place for vessels of 200 tons. 44 Rk 
W. Bristol. Lon. 2" 59" W. Lat 5r 7' N. 
Pop. 4,911. 

Bridgewater, p-t Grafton co. N. H. on the 
Merrimack, 28 m. N. N. W. Concord. Pop. 
727. 

Bridgewater, t Windsor co. Vt. 17 m.. N. W. 
Windsor. Pop. in 1810, 1,154. 

Bridgewater^ p-t. Plymouth co. Mass. 22 m. S. 
Boston. Pop. 5^0. Large quantities of hard- 
ware, nails, &c. are manufactured here. There is 
an academy in the south Parish. 

Bridgewater, p-t Oneida co. N. T. 12 m. S. Uti- 
ca. Pop. 1,533. 

Bridgewater, p-t. Susquehannah co. Pa. Pop. 
1,994. 

Bridgewater, t Somerset oo. N. J. 3. m. N. 
Boundbrook. Pop. 3,147. 

Bridlington, See Burtin0on, 

Bndport, s-p. Eng. in Etorsetshire. Its chief 
manufiustures are cordage, sailcloth, nets, and 
twines of all descriptions. 15 m. W. Dorehestar. 
Loo. ft 51' W. Lat 50"41' N. 



m 



PHI 



itrie^NMi, H* AddiBon oo. Vt. on Uko Cbsm- 
plain, opposite Crown -Point, 6 m.W. Middlebnry, 
^op. in 1810, 1,69a 

' Brie^ district of Old France, now included in tha 
departjnent of the Seine and kame. 

Brity Cmnt€'Robert,i. France, 16 m. £. Paris. 
Pop. 2^1900, 

t|riee^ t, France, in Finiaterre, $ m. N. N. £. 
Qttimper. 

BrUgi t. Silesia, on the Oder. The conuaerce 
of the town is considerable, as are its manuftc- 
tores of hats, stockings, and woollen stufis. S4 m. 
S. C Breslau. Lon. 17«3a £. Lat. 50^ 48' N. 
?op. 8,7.0a 

MriH, t Nethierlandf, on the N. side of the island 
of East Voon>, near the month of the Maese. It 
hM a lar^ andoomniodiou' harbor. 13 m. S. W. 
^ottordanu Pop. 3,200. 

Brierme^ t. France, in Aube, 14 m. N. W. Bar. 

Brien^ v. Italy on the lake of Como. 

BrieniM^ ▼. Switzerland, 32 m. S. £. Bern. 

BrienM^ t. Naples, in Prineipatro Citra. Pop. 
4,352. 

jBrMt, or Breaio Bonyo, t. Hungary, in Sohl, on 
the Gran. Pop. 6,305. 

Brieiten^ t Prussia, on the Oder, 32 m. £. Ber- 
lin. Pop.4,00a 

Brietam^ t Prussia, 34 m. S. W. Berlin. 

JXrtey, t. France, in MoseUe, 14 m. N. W. Met% 
190 £. N. £. Paris. Pop. 1,661. 

Brig. Se» Gktmifrrd Brig. 

Briga^ Lo, t Sardinian states, 22 m. N. £. Nice. 
Pop. 3,000. 

Brighihelmstone^ or Brighton^ s-p. Eng. in Sus- 
•eaE, at the bottom of a bay formed by Beachy 
Head and Worthing Point, in the English channeL 
It is one of the most fiuhionable places of resort, 
particularly for sea-bathing, in the kingdom. The 
inhabitants subsist chiefly by the resort of compa* 
ay and the produce of the fishery. 54 m. S. Lon- 
dnn. Pop. 12^)12. 

Brighion^ p-t. Middlesex co. Mass. 5 m. W. Bos- 
ton. Pop. 702. Here the cattle are driven for 
the supply of Boston market The Brighion Cat" 
th-9how is under the direction of the Massachu* 
s^tts Agricultural Society. Stalls are erected for 
the cattle, and a building 70 feet by 36 for theex- 
hibiticm of Domestic Manufactures. Brighton 
has many elegant country seats. 

Brighion^ p-t. Monroe co. N. T. on the £. side 
of Genesee river, at its mouth, 24 m. N. W. Ca- 
nandaigua. Pop. 1,972. In this town ii the new 
vilbige.of Car^^e, and part of Roehmttr, 

BHghian^t. Beaver co. Pa. at the falls of Big- 
beaver creek. Pop. 738. 

Brigktndt fiter/ow, or Brightnde EedeaalL, t 
Eng. in Yorkshire, adjoining Sheffield. Pop. 
6,569. 

Brignaia^U France, dep. of the Rhone, 9 m. Sw 
Lyons. Pop. 1,050. 

BrignoUu^ t France, in Var, 20 m. N. Toulon. 
Pop. 9,000. Lon.6*>5'£.Lat43"24'N. 

Brihuega^ t Spain, in New Castle, 40 m. £. N. 
£. Madrid. Pop. I,fi0a 

Brikn^ t of the Prussian states, in the province 
of Westphalia, 70 m. £. N. £. Cologne. Pop. 

BrimfiMt p-t. Hampden co. Mass. 19 m. £. 
Springfidd, 70 W. Boston. Pop. 1,612. 

Brindin^ the ancient Bnmdutiumy s-p. Naples, 
io Terra dX>tFanto, near the entrance of the gulf 
of Venice, 35 m. N. W. Otranto. Loa. }r 4ff £. 
Lat 40* 48" N. Pop. 5,900. 



BrmiU^ t Eog. in LaBcaahireiS wl W. Black- 
bom. 

BrtM^miUt p-v. Halifax co. N. C. 

Brinon VArtheteque^ t France in Yonoe, 4 m. 
W. StFlorentin. Pop. 2,372, 

Brtofti, 3 islands in the Adriatic. Loo. 13" SJ 
£.Ut45*3'N. 

Brwvau^ t France, in Eure, on the RiUe, 22id 
S. W. Rouen. Pop. 1,720. 

Briwde^ t. Franoe, in Upper Loire, 39 m. & L 
Clermont-Ferrand. Pop. 5,(iOO. 

Briquebecy t France, in Manche, 20 m. N. W. 
Cltrentan. Pop. 4,000, 

^ftsoc^, Oldy t Baden, op the E. bank of thr 
Rhine, between Bale and Stresbuig, 33 m. S 
Stresbure. 

Briwai^ A*«W, t and strong fbrtresa, France, oa 
the W. bank of the Rhine, opposite Old Briaach 
in Baden,8m. £. Cobnar, 33 S. Strasburg. 

Briigmit an extensive country in Germany, be> 
longing, for the most pa^ to the grand dutchy of 
Baden, and now distributed among the curcles of 
the Wiesen, the Treisam, and the lunzig. 

Bruaoe, t. France, 1 1 m. S. Ancers. 

Brimaihef t France, 12 m. N. N. £. Angers. 

Britiolt city, and county, £ng. between the 
counties of Gloucester and Somerset, on the river 
Avon, which is navigable for ships of great bor- 
den down to the Severn, four miles di:>tant, where 
ccmunences the Bristol channel. The harbour for- 
merly labored under serious inconveniences, shipi 
beinr left abound at the retreat of the tides, 
whidi here rise to the height of 40 feet ; but since 
IflOS.extenaive works have been erepted, at an ex> 
pense of nearly £600»000, by mean$ of which 
every difficulty haa been removed, and mercfaant 
ships of all bturdens now lie constantly afloat, and 
enter or leave the harbor at any time of the tide. 
The hoojes in the older parb of the town axe 
built principally of wood, and are crowded to- 
gether in narrow, irregular streets, but those o( 
more recent erection, pvticularly towards the sub- 
urbs and outskirts, consist of brick and stone^ and 
are disposed in spacious streets and squares. Ali 
bulky articles are conveyed througl^ the city oa 
sledges, carts not being admitted for fear of <Hm- 
aging the arches of the vaults and sewers which 
are made under all the streets. There are 18 
churches, all of them neat and beautifully deco- 
rated, besides numerous meeting-houaesy and pla- 
ces of worship for dissenters of almost every de- 
nomination. Several of the buildiiiga for com* 
mereial purposes are elegant edifkses, and the city 
has long been famous for its numerous and well 
conducted charitable institutions. Among the 
manufjatcturing establishmeiitA, are 20 glass houses, 
18 sugar refineries, and numerous distilleries. iU 
brass trorks are the most extensive in England. 
Bristol has long been encaged in a very extensive 
foreign Grade, though it nas not made such rapid 
advances as meny other porta, and partjcolaiiy 
its great rival, Livecpool. Its foreign conneetioos 
are chiefly with the West^Indies; and its com* 
merce with Ireland is also very extensive. Its in- 
ternal commerce is carried on by means of the 
Seveni, andthe numeroQs canals with which it is 
connected. About a mile west of Bristol, close. to 
the river, is the villa^ of the Hot Wells, celebra- 
ted for a. wanii. Sf^iag, which, has be«n found 
a. powerful remedy in various, diseases, and i» 
much resorted to b^ invalids, and the fashiona- 
ble, Pop^ of the ci^s 76^433, but indudii^ the 
out-parishei, lOO^OOa 1 17 m. W. London. 



BRI 

Briifai, p-4. Lxneoln oo. MaiM^ ISnou £. Wi»- 
^asset. Pop. 9,946. 

BrnKt- Grafton OIK N.H. Pop. 675. 

BristBit P-U Addison co. Vt 26 m. S. W. Mont- 
|)elier. Popu in i 810, 1,179. 

^/uM:oo.MMi. bounded N. bj Norfolk co. £• 
bj FljmoQth eo. S. b J Buzzard's bay, W. by 
Abode-Island. Pop. 40,908 ; ene|aged in agrical- 
tcre 4^641, in oommeroe 974, in manuwctufes 
:2tlJ8w Ckiel' towns, Taunton and New-Bedlbrd. 

JBristo^ eo. R. 1. boundod N. andN. £. by Mas- 
ncbasetts, & and W. by Narraganset-bay, £. by 
3ioant Hope Bay. Pop. S»637 ; eqgaged in a$xi< 
culture 513, in oonuaaroa ^1, in manwfiicturas 
r^J. Chiaf L Bristol. 

jBrw<Q2,s-p. and cap. Bristol co. R. L on the E. 
>hore of Nana|;anset bay, 13 m. N. Newport, 16 
.'^. ProTideoMb Lat 41° 3&' N. Pop. 1,397. It 
has a safe and commodious harbour, and is a plaoo 
of cooeakraUe trader Shipping m 1816, 6,944 
tuns. 

Brittai, p-t. Haxtlbrd oo. Ct 16 m. W. Hart- 
ford. Pop. 1,362. 

Bnifef, p-t. Ontario co^ N. T. 10 m. S. W. Ca- 
naodaigua. Pop. 2,849. Coal has lately been 
discovered here ; also a burning spring from which 
ts emitted inflammable air. . 

Bfittal^ bor. and p-t. Bucks co. Pa. ou Dela- 
ware rirer, opposite Burlington, 20 m. above 
PhUadeli^im. Pop. 906, of the town 1,166. 

£rij<o^ t. Philadelphia CO. Pa. Pop. 1,257. 

Briti^ t. Trumbull ca Ohio^ 12 m. N. War- 
ren. Pop. 313. Another, Morgan CO. Pop, 462» 

BfiHel Bdy, on the W. coast of N. America; 
fcaned I7 the Peninsula of Alaska on the S. and 
Cape Newnham 00 the N. Lat58"20'N. 

BriMM Channel, between the S. coast of Wales, 
aod the counties of Somerset, Devon, and Com- 
xnH, in England. 

Briiminj conmionly called Greai Briiainy lies 
belveeo bO* and SSl* N. lat. It is bounded N. 
by the North sea, £. by the German ocean, S. by 
the E'yg*^*» channel, and W. by SC George's 
citfoioel and the Atlantic Frcun N. to 8. it ex- 
tendi about 580 miles ; its greatest breadth from 
the North Foreland in Ken^ to the Land's End in 
Cornwall, is about 370^ and it contains 87,602 
fqoare miles. 

The northern part of the island is mountainous. 
The principal minerals are coal, iron, tin, cop* 
per, and lead. The annual value of the minenl 
prudocta of Great Britain and Ireland, is com- 
puted at i£9,000,000 : and the annual value of the 
nfflMriea at £1,600,000, The mann&ctures com- 
prehend every variety of fabric; particularly, 
wool, cotton, linen, silk, leather, glass, pottery, 
irao, and the various metals. In 1814, the amount 
of fofeign wool imported was 16,712,617 pounds, 
sod the value of woollen goods exported, 
£8,4044481. The commerce of Britain consists al- 
quHt whflUy in the exchange of her manuftfltmes 
for the nide produce of Europe and Amerioa. In 
1816^ the value of the exports was £60,983,894. 
The revenue in 1816 was 67,926|899/. During 
the iate war the army amounted to 640,600 men, 
tod the navy consisted of mora than 1,000 shifw, 
Duoned by 184^000 seamen. The population in 
181 1, including the Hebrides, Orkney, and Shet- 
la«l islands, was 12,696,808; &milies 2,644,216, 
of which 1,129,049 were employed in trade, man? 
ufretores^ or handicraft, 896,998 in agriculture, 
lod 619,168 in other ways. Total pop. in 1821, 
14,379,677. 



BRI 



125 



GokmiM in aU quartera of tlm werld are 4e- 
jMndent on the British idandt. Of these, the prin- 
cipal are two military posts in Europe : Gibraltar 
and Malta ; in Asia, the whole Indian peninsula, 
from about 27 N. lat to Cape Comorin, the isl- 
and of Ceylon, New Holland, and othen in the 
Eastern and Southern oceans ; the Canadian terri- 
tories, Newfamdland, and West India islanda in 
America ; the Cape of Good Hope, Sierra Lieone^ 
and Goraa, in Africa. The population of the Brit- 
ish islands and their dependencies ia emulated te 
exceed 60 miUiens of men; of whom about 40 mil- 
lions inhabit the Eastern hemisphere. 

Bntain, Aew, isL intheEasten sea. Lon. 148* 
6" W. Lat 6*' 60^ 9. It isseparated fromNew 
IreUnd on the north by anairotw channet 

Briiav/iy AWs. The country lying round Hud* 
son's bay, or the country of the Esquimaux, cofli^ 
prehending Labrador, Naar North and SokUi 
Wales, has obtained the general name of New MU 
ain, and ia attached to the government of Lower 
Canada. 

It is a dreary, desolate region. The sudaoe 
to a great extent is naked rock. Theelimate is 
so cold, and the soil so barren, that nothing of the 
vegetable kind can flourish here. Wild animali 
are abundant The principal are beavers, bean, 
deer, raccoons, and musquaahea, and the fur trad# 
ia carried on with great spirit On all tfaepvin- 
cipal lakes, and at the mouth and. forks of nearly 
all the considerable rivers, there are trading hou- 
Ms established by the English. Heie the Indiana 
brin^ the fun of the animals which they kill is 
huntmg, and sell them for blankets, guns, pow- 
der, beads, &c The trade ia carried on by twe. 
flompanies of merohants : the HudtorCt Ba^ com- 
pany, and the IforlhrWtH company. The trade 
of the former ia confined to the neighbourhood of 
Hudson's bay; that of the latter extmids from 
lake Winnipeg to the Rocky mountains and thus 
Froaen Ocean. The North- West company it 
composed of Montreal merchants The usual mode 
of travelling in this country is in birch bark ca* 
noesi With these the inhabitants pam up and 
down the rivers and lakes, and wlmn they meet 
witha rapid, or wish to pass frmn one river to an- 
other, they gat out of the canoe and carry it on 
their shouldm. In this way, the men engaged ia 
the fur trade travel thousands of miles, and carry 
all their goodsu 

BrUith India. See HindotUm. 

Briitar^j or Bretagne, before the revolutioq, 
one of the larvest provinces of France. It occu- 
pied the N. VV. comer of the Idncdom, and was 
bounded S. E. by Poitou, E. by Anion and Maine, 
N. E. by Normandy. It contained 1,776 square 
leagues, and 2,300^000 inhabitants. It is now di- 
vided into the departments of Lower Loire, Dle*- 
and Vilwne, Finisterre^ Morbilum, and Cotes vdn 
Nord. 

Bfi0fln,isl.mthe FkoiailOeemik LotLSff^l^' 
E.Lat7r6'N. 

BriveMf t Fraooe, in Correie, 14 m. S. W. TuHei 

Bruwae, U Franee, in Correse, 18 m. £. 
Brives. 

Bririeitfa, t Spain, in (Md CMtile, 21 mw N.E. 
Buiigos. Pop. 2,600. 

Bfwio, t Italy, 18 m. N. N» E. Milan. 

Brix, t Bohemia, on the Bila« 40 m. N. W. 
Pra^e. Lon. ir 40^ E. Lat.60^30rN. 

^rtf, t Franoe, in Manche, 6 ou W. Valogaet. 
Pop. 2,699. 

Bfiseih anoalAiiNd biihopriiBk of the Anitri- 



196 



B R'O 



in empire, now forming; a part of Up^ Anstrie. 
It> extent is about ^4 tqiiare miles. Pop. 

Brixen^ t. Austrian empire, in Tyrol, at the 
junction of the Riens and Eisach, 39 m. N. N. E. 
Tnmt Lon. 1 1» 37' 15" E. UL4er4ff N. Pop. 
5,000. 

BHxemtadt^ or Prichttenrtadt, t Bavaria, 16 m. 
E. N.E. Wurtzburg. Pop. 97a 

Brixham^ s-p. Eng. in Devonshire, on the W. 
aide of Torbay. Pop. 4,341. 

i^fts€in6otii^, t France, 12 m. H St Jean d'An- 



••Sfn 



3roaehf district, Hind, in Gujerat, between tV 
and 23" N. lat. on the rulf of Cambay. Broach^ 
the capital, is in Ion. 73*6' E. lat 21*'41' N. 

BroadaUfinj p-t. Montgomery co. N. T. 38 m. 
W. Albany. Pop. 2,428. 

Broadereek^ p-v. Queen Ann co. Md. 

Snmdereek^ t Sussex oo. Del. Pop. 2,599. 

Broadereekj Md. runs into the Potomac, in 
Prince Geoi^e co. 5 m. below Alexandria. 

Brooiffieldy p-v. Westmoreland co. Va. 90 m. S. 
Washin";ton. 

Broadfunen^ bay, on the W. coast of Ireland. 
Lon.9'4syW. Lat54MrN. 

BroadhetuPt ereekj Pa. runs into the Delaware 
in Smithfield, Northampton co. 

Broadkill, p-t and hundred, Sussex co. Del. on 
a creek which runs into Delaware bay, 10 m. N. 
Lewisten. Pop. 2,731. 

Broad rtoerj S. C. is formed by the union of En- 
noree, Tijrer and Packolet rivers, and af>er flow- 
ing 40 miles joins the Saluda above Columbia, to 
torn the Congaree. 

Broad river^ Geo. runs E. into Savannah river, 
between Petersburg and Lisbon. The North fork 
rises in Franklin county, and unites with the 
South fork, 6 m. S. W. Elberton. 

Broad'Stairi^ v. Eng. in the isle of Thanet, 2 m. 
N. Ramble. 

Broekm, the highest mountain of the Hartz, and 
of the northern part of Germany. Lon . 10* 38' E. 
tat 5r 48' N. It belongs to Prussian 9ax»ny. 
Height, 8,486' feet 

BrodniiU^ v. cap. of Leeds co. Up. Canada, on 
the St Lawrence ; 16 m. above Prescott It is a 
flourishmg commercial place, in a well cultivated 
and populous country. 

Brodj t and fort, Austrian empire, oa the Save, 
llOnuW. of Belgrade. Lon. 18" 10" E. Lat 45* 

ao'N. 

BroA, t Bohemia, 18 m. E. Prague. 

Broil, t Bohemia, 60 m. S. E. Prague. 

Brod, t Moravia. Lon. 17" 39' E. Lat 49* 
2'N. 

Brodeatyi, Bohemia, on the Iser, 5 m. S. Jung 
Buntzlau. 

Brodtra^ t Hind, in Gujerat Lon. 73* 24' E. 
Lat 22* 13' N. 

Brod^y t. Anttrian Galicia. It carries on an ex- 
tensive commerce with Moldavia, Walachia, the 
Crimea, and other parts of Turkey and Russia. 
30 m. S. Lucko. Pop. 24,000, of whom 17,000 are 
Jews. 

BrodWee, t Russia, 48 m. E. Minsk. 

Brodk, V. Netherlands, 3 m. W. Monikeendam. 

Bme, or Bruive^ r. Switzerland, flows through 
the lake of Morat into that of Neufchatel. 

Bfdb, t Poland, 45 m. E. S. E. Warsaw. 

BrolMsB^ New H<dland. Lon. 151* 2rE. 
Lat 33* 34' S. 



B R O 

Bmkm /fcm/e, creek, Crawford co. <Miio, on the 
E. branch of Sandusky river. 

Broken ttraw, t Warren co. Pa. Pop. 302. 

Brokm-itraw^-ereek^ p-v. Crawford Co. P». 

Brokav-straw, creek. Pa. runs into the Allegha- 
ny, 8 m. W. Warren. It is about 40 yards wide at 
its mouth, and is a rapid stream with numerous 
mills on its banks. 

Bromberg, t Prussian states, in the grand dutchy 
of Posen, capital of the district of the Netze, and 
of a department and circle of the same nnme, oo 
the Brahe. A canal 20 miles long connects the 
Brahe near Bromberg, with the Netze near Nack- 
el. It is a work at great importance, as complex 
ting the communication between the Vi^ula, the 
Oder, and the Elbe. 30 m. N. W. Thorn. Pop. 
4,764. 

Brome.t Richelieu co. Lower Canada, S. E. 
Montreal. Pop. 600. 

Bronhamy t. Eng. in Wiltshire, 4 m. N. N. W. 
Devizes. 

Braadty, t. Eng. in Kent, 10 m. S. S. E. Lon- 
don. 

BrtrndtyU Ida^ near the gulf of Carpentaria. 
Lon. 136**33' E. Lat 11* 52' S. 

Bromplon^ t Buckingham co. Lower Canada, 
on St Francis river, 55 m. 8. E. Three-Rivers. 

Bronuebroy t Sweden, 12 m. from Christian- 
ople. 

Bronugrove^ t Eng. 12 m. N. N. E. Worcester. 

Bronthortty t. Netherlands, 5 m. N. Zutphen. 

Bronddragmet Danish isL in the Baltic. Loo. 
ll*2rE.Lat54*37'N. 

Brondolont Austrian Italy, 12m. 8. Venice. 

Bront,t Sardinian States, 10 m. 8. W. Pavia. 

Bronte, t Sicily, near Mount Etna. Pop. 
6,000. 

Bronx eredc^ N. Y. runs S. 28 mfles, and falb 
into East river, in Westchester. 

Brooke, co. N. W. comer of Va. bounded N. and 
W. by Ohio, E. by Pennsylvania, S. by Ohio 
county. Pop. 6,631 ; slaves, 383 ; engaged in ag- 
riculture 1,526, in commerce 40, in manulacture^ 
237. Chief tWellsburg. 

Brool^fieU, t Stratford co. N. H. 31 m. N. N. W. 
Portsmouth. Pop. 690. 

Brooi^/CeU, t Orange ca Vt 17 m. S. Montpe- 
lier. Pop. in 1810, 1^4. 

Brookjleld, p-t Worcester co. Mass. 18 m. W. 
Worcester, 58 W. Boston. Pop. 2,292. It was 
formerly divided into two parishes, but the second 

S Irish now constitutes a distinct town called North 
rookfield. 

Brooi^fiM, p-t. Fairfield co. Ct 6 m. N. E. Dan- 
bury, 33 N. W. New-Haven. Pop. 1,169. 

BroeH^fieUy p-t Madison co. N. Y. 22 m. S. Uti- 
co. Pop. 4V240. 

Brooi^tld, p-t Trumbull co. Ohio, 15 m. K 
Warren. Pop. 524. Another, Morgan co. Pop 
314. 

BrDoftAaren, p-t Suflblk CO. N. T. on Long-Isl- 
and. It extends from the Sound to the Atlantic, 
between Riverfaead and Southampton E. and hlip 
and Smithtown W. and contains 9 post-oflkses, ri/. 
BroMmen^ Seiayket, Stony-krook, MiddleUnm. 
Pakhogue, Fireplace, Forge, Drovned->Meadott, 
va^Morriehet, Pop. 5,218. 

Brook'hiUy p-v. Montgomery co. Ten. 

Brodtttne,t Hillsborough co. N. H. 33 m. S. bv 
W. Concord. Pop. 592. 

Brotddine^ t Windham co. V^t 40 m. a Wind. 
•or. Pop. in 1810^ 431. 



B R O 

BiMttMit Norfolk CO. Man. 5 m. 8. W. Boo. 
too. ?ff> 900. Here are many 6l^;ant country- 
imU Aeron tlie bay which sets np from Charles 
riTerbehraeo this plaoe and Boston, a miU-dam 
is erected. 

BmkijfH, p-t. and cap. Wmdham co.Ct on the 
H'. aide of the Qoinebang, 20 m. N. Norwich. 
Pop. 1,964. 

BmAl^f^ Kings, co. N. Y. on Long-Island, 
opposite N. York city, from which it is separated 
by East river, | of a mile wide. It is the third 
town in tiie and comnierce in the State. Pop. 
7,17& It has 6 chundies. The JVaUaboght^ is a 
tract of land round a small bay, in this town, and 
iiiht she of one of the United States navy-yards. 
A battle was fooght in Brooklyn, Aug. 27, 1776, 
when the Aaericana were defeated by the British. 

BrotkfyMt t Cayahoga ca Ohio. Pop. 348. 

Bnth, p-t. Hancock co. Maine. Pop. 31 8. 

fi/«NbciiUe,t Hancock 00. Maine. Pop. 9^2. 

Broeknlk^p-v. Montgomery co. Md. on the W. 
tide of the Patuxent, 22 m. N. Washington. 

BtmkKiiky p-t. and cap. Franklin co. Indiana, in 
the forks of White-water river, 20 m. N. Law- 
raicebart, and 42 N . W. Cincinnati, on the Ohio. 
Itwulaidour in 1811) and already contains nearly 
lOObQildings, a market-house, a brick court-house 
aiki jail. The river can be easily made navigable 
to BrookviUe« which will be the emporium d 
tnJe for an extensive fertile country. 

fin)eiiie.eo.N. Y. on the Susquehannah. Pop. 
\\fi^\ engaged in agriculture 3,002, in com- 
fflcroe 51, in manofiustures 496. Chief t. Che- 
Danr». 

^rooRie, p-t Schoharie co. N. York, 36 m. S.W. 
Albsny. Pop. 2^80. 

Bnmty t. France, 15 m. S. W. Dinant Loo, 
rr W.LaL 48^ 15' N. Pop. 1,806, 

Brow, t Transylvania, near the Maresch, S. 
W. Weiasenbuig. Pop. 3,190. 

£rors, lake, Scotland, in Sutherland county. 

Bmeieih t Eng. in Salop, on the Severn, 5 m. 
N. W. Bndgennorth. Pop. 4,850. 

Brtlker^vattey, t. Somerset co. Pa. Pop, 

i;30i. 

Bnthtrtmi^ t. Eng. in Yorkshire, 3 m. firom Pon- 
(efrtft 

firoAcrlMTR, an Indian village in Paris, N. Y. 
^nthi population of about 400. 

BroAie, r. Scotland, runs into the sea at Aber- 
brothodr. 

BntUnde^ v. Germany, 3 m. N Smalkald. 

Bnu, t France, 10 m. N. W. Chateau-Dun. 

Brsnef/e, r. Indiana, joins the Wabash on the 
\ above Fort Harrison. 

Bnmage^ t. France, between the mouths of the 
Giroime and Charente. Pop. 793. 

Bmigki0nj t Buckingham co. Lower Canada, 
36 m.S. Quebec. 

Bmi^oti, Greats v. Eng. in Yorkshire. 

Broughion in Fiime«, t. Eng in Lancashire, 10 
".N.N.W.Ulvenrtone. 

Brwghtm, t. Enr . 2 m. S. W. Stoekbridn. 

Brot^^hlon't ArAipeiaf;p^ islands of the Paeifie, 
«» the N. W. coast of America. Lon. 232^56' to 
W4(rE. LatWSy to 51*N. 

Broughijf Ferry, v. Scotland, on the Tay, 4 m. 
L Dundee. 

Brmttte, t. France, 20 m. £. Clermont-Fer^ 
raod. 

Bnuienlmmyt NetherUmds, 8 m. 8. W. Hel- 
▼^tdoyi. Lon.3'48'E.Ut5r44'N. 



B RU 



1S7 



BrMTfit t Lycoming co. Pa. Pop. 312. 

Brown, 00. Ohio^ on the Ohio, between Adams 
and Clermont COS. Chief t Ripley. Pop. 13,366; 
engaged in agriculture 2,727, in commerce 22, in 
manufactures 387. 

Brown, t Miami co. Ohio. Pop. 348. 

Brownj t. SUrk co. Ohio. Pop. 365. 

Brotm, CO. Michigan ter. Pop. 952 ; engaged 
in agriculture 60, in commerce 16, in manuno- 
tures 10. The seat of justice is Green Bay. 

BrmenfieSd^ p-t Oxford oa Maine, on Saco riv« 
er, 28 m. 8. W. Paris. Pop. 747. 

Brownhdm, t Huron co. Ohio. Pop. 282 

BrewmngAm, p-t. Orleans co. Vt 55 m. N. £• 
Montpelier. Pop. in 1810, 236. 

Brownrimrg^ p-t Rockbridge co. Pa. 12 ulN. 
E. Lexington. 

Browvuburgi p-v. Washington co. Ten« 

Broton*< corner, p-v. Kennebec co. Maine. 

BrwnCi etou roadt, p-v. Pike co. Ohio, 15 m. 
N. W. Piketon, 24 S. W. Chilicothe. 

BromCt Pauagen N. W. coast of America, be- 
tween Dundas •m. Stephen'^ islands, leading into 
Chatham's sound. 

Brmtm't Point, cape at the 8. end of Tobago. 
Lon. 60° 40^ W. Lat 11* lO' N. 

BrownU Sound, on the N. W. coast of America, 
m lat. 55*' 18* N. Ion. 132" 20^ W. 

Brown't tmemy p-v. Ann Arundel co. Md. 

Srovmslown, p-t and cap. Jackson co. Indiana, 
60 m. N. Corydon. 

BrownnUle, borough and p-t Fayette co. Pa. 
on the 8. bank of the Monongahela, at the junc 
tion of Dunlap's creek. The town is built on the 
side of a hill rising 300 feet above the river, and is 
regularly laid out. It contains a printing-press, a 
buk, 2 market-houses, and 3 churches, one each 
for Presbyterians, Episcopalians and Methodists. 
Pop. 976. Brownsville is in the vicinity of Laurel 
Hill, whence abundance of iron ore is obtained. 
It isj well supplied with excellent Ooal, and, 
next to Pittsburg, is the most considerable menu-' 
ftcturing town m the western part of the State. 
Among the manufactories are a glass house, cot- 
ton manufactory ; foundry, forges and furnaces 
for the manufacture of various articles of hard- 
ware ; and a steel manufactory, capable of making 
annually 70 tons of steel. The river is navigable 
at this plaoe for boats of 2 or 3 feet water, and 
steam-boats and other boats are built here for the 
navigation of the Ohio and Mississippi. 

Brovnsville^ p-v. Marlborough district, S. C. 

BroumsoilU, p-t and cap. Jackson co. Illinois, 
on Muddy river, 40 m. S. E. Kaskaskias. 

Brown Unicerrisjf, See Providence^ R. L 

BrownviUe, t Penobscot co. Maine, 40 m. N. 
Bangor. Pop. 136. In 1810, the country between 
Brownville and the Cbaudiere was explored, and 
the distance to St Francou on that river, found to 
be 100 miles. 

BrownmUe^ p-t Jeiferson co. N. Y. on Black 
river, 5 m. above its mouth. Pop. 3,990. 

BroyU, harbour, cape, and settlement, on the 
E. side of Newfoundland, 15 m. N. £. Aquafort, 
30 8. W.St John's. 

BruM,r. Sicily, falls into the gulf of Catania. 

Brue de Origru^nt^ France, 10 m. 8. W. Peri- 
gueux. 

BraeeviiU^ p-v. Knox co. Indiana. 

Bruehhmuen^ t Germany, on the Weser, 6 m. 
W.Hoya. 

BnidUo/, t. Baden, 11m. 8. H Spires. LoitSf 
55'E.Ut49*8'N. 



130 



BUD 



SmMead eruk, r. Geo. rans 8. into the Oge- 
chee, about 60 miles below LouiiviUe. 
BitdchomfiUlii p-v. Chatham co. N. C. 
BtMet t Scotland, in BanJi; 5 m. W. Cullen. 
Budtin^uun^ co. £ng. bounded N. by Northamp- 
tonihire, E. by Bedford, Hertford and Middlesex, 
8. by Berkshire, and W. by Oxford. It contains 
748 square miles, or 47B,7^ acres, of r/hich 
928,000 are arable and in pasture, and 20,000 in 
wood. It is celebrated for com and cattle. Pop. 
in 181 1, 1 17,650 ; families 25,901, of which 13,833 
are eiu|a{j[ed in agriculture, and 8,4^ ^^ tnde and 
manufactures. 

Buekinj^uunj t Eng. cap. of Buckinghamshire, 
on the Ottse. The principal manufacture is 
white thread laoe. Pop.3,500. 67 m. W. N. W. 
London. 

BucMitf Aom, co. Lower Canada, chiefly in the 
district oiThree-Riyers, on the S. side of the St. 
Lawrence. 

Buekinghamj t York co. Lower Canada, on Ot- 
taway rirer, N. W. Montreal. 

Btidktfi^Aiam, co. Va. on James river, and ex- 
tending 3. to the Appomatox. Pop. 17,569 ; slaves 
8,938; «ngaced in agriculture 4,103, in commerce 
163, in manufactures 438. Chief t. New-Canton. 
Buekingham, p-t Bucks co. Pa. Pop. 1,862. 
Bttdktf^Atfm, t. Wayne co. Pa. Pop. 385. 
BueUandj t Hertford co. Lower Canada, 18 m. 
8. £. Quebec. 

BwkUmdt t Franklin co. Mass. 10 m. S. W. 
Greenfield. Pop. 1,037. 

BuMmd, p-t Prince William co. Va. 40 m. S. 
W.Washington. 

BuekUUinnif t Berkeley co. Va. 8 m. fr. Mar- 
tinsbui^. 
Budtout t Prussia, 28 m. £. Berlin. 
Bvdtty CO. Pa. on Delaware river. It has Phil- 
adelphia and Montgomery counties S. W. and 
Northamnton co. N. W. Pop. 37,842; engajied 
ID agriculture 6,100, in commerce 26, in manutoc- 
iores 8,188. Chief U Bristol. 

Budukin^ t Ross oo. Ohio, 16 m. N. W. Chili- 
cothe. Pop. 1,331. 

Buekaport^ formerl^r Budcatwen^ p-t Hancock 
oow Maine, on the E. side of the Penobscot, 25 m. 
£.Casttne. Pop. 1,658. 

Bvdetown^ t Dorchester ca Md. on the E. shore, 
8i m. S. Cambridge. 

BwCa, city, and cap. of Hungary, on the W. 
bank of the LHmube, opposite P«t, with which H 
has communieation by an immense bridge of boats. 
It is famous for its hot baths. 125 m. E. S. E. Vi- 
enna, 150 N. N. W. Belgrade. Lon. 18° S'SO" E. 
Lat 47^28' 44" N. Pop. 30,000. 

Budarin^ t. Russia, in Caucasus, on the UraL 36 
m. as. W.Uralsk. 

BtMCavoii,t and district of Hind, in DelhL The 
town is in Ion. 78° 4' E. Ut 28° 21 N. 

Buddaruek, or Badrvdc, t Hind. 33 m. S. W. 
Balasore. 
Buddtndak. SeeBoiedaU, 
Bude^ B-p. Eng. in ComwalL Lon. 4° 45' W. 
LatSO'se'N. 
Budm^ t Bohemia, 20 m. N. Prague. 
Bndingen^ t Germany, 10 m. E. N. E. Frank- 
fort on the Maine. Pop. 2,000. 
Budiitan, t Moravia, 20 m. S. E. Iglau. 
BuMeighy t Eng. in Devonshire, 12 m. S. Ex- 
eter. 
Budnsnih t* Hind.^ m. E. S. £. Burhampour. 
Budoa^ t Austrian empire, on the coast of Dal- 
matia. Lon. W&9 £. Lat 42° 31' N. 



B UE 

Budnusk, t Hind, in Oriaia. Lon. 86" 44riL 
Lat 21° 5' N. 

Budweis^ a circle of Bohemia, separated from 
Austria by a chain of high mountaina. Pop. 
170^000. Budweis, the chief town, is on ti^e 
Meldau, 66 m. S. Prague, and contains 4,800 ixk- 
habitants. 

BwiweU%t t Moravia, 15 m. N. W. ZDaym. 

Budziae 7hr/ar«. See Bettaralna. 

jBuet6, e/, V. Egypt, 20 m. N. E. Cairo. 

Buenaire, isl. in W. Indies, belonging to thr 
Dutch. It is 52 m. E. Curacoa. Lon. 67^ 36^ W. 
Lat 12° 26' N. 

Buenaventura^ a Spanish settlement on the coa»t 
of New California. Ut34°16'N. 

Baenaventunh *-p. S. America, 200 m. W. Ssmta 
Fede Bogota. Lat 3° 56' N. 

Buenoi Ayret^ a country of South America. 
bounded N. by Peru ; R by Brazil ; S. E. by tk^ 
Atlantic Ocean ; S. by Patagonia, and W. by the 
Andes, which separate it nam Chili and Pent. 
ThedesertofAtacama, lying along the coast be< 
tween Peru and Chili, is also included in this 
country, which makes the Pacific ocean the we9- 
tern boundary for nearly 300 miles. It extends 
from 14° to 38° 30' S. lat. a distance of more than 
1,700 miles, and the number of square miles is com- 
puted at l400,000. The chain of the Andes run* 
from south to north along the whole western boun- 
dary, and the country for several hundred miles 
to the east of the Andes is generally mountainous ; 
the territory east of the rivers Paraguay and Pan> 
na is a fine, waving, well watered country ; the 
intermediate district lying between these vixen 
and the mountains, and extending from north to 
south through the whole length of the country 
consists of extensive plains. In the north thae 
plains are elevated, and during the rainy aeasos 
are in many parts liable to be overflowed ; ia 
the south they are called Pampas, and are re- 
markably dry and destitute of trees. One of tht 
Pampas commences near the banks of the Para- 
na, and extends beyond the southern bounJarv 
into Patagonia, being about 1,500 miles long, aud 
500 broad. I'he soil is fertile, and owing to the 
variety of climate, capable of producing all the 
common fruits and vegetables of the temperate 
and torrid zones. Hitherto, however, it has been 
appropriated chiefly to pasturage. The provioce 
of Paraguay produces that singidar herb called 
matte or paraguay tea, which, being prepared by 
boiling it in water like V^ommon tea, ms^es the fa> 
vorite beverage of the inhabitants, and is extesb- 
sively used in various parts of South America. 
Large quantities of it are annually exported te 
Peru and Chili. In the mountainous districts 
along the Andes, almost every town and v&Uey 
from Mendoza to La Paz, has haci, or now hcLH 
some productive mine in its neighbourhood. A 
short time since there were 73 mines in actual 
<^ration within this country, viz. 30 of gold, iT 
of silver, 2 of tin, 7 of copper and 7 of lead. The 
richest of these are the celebrated silver mines of 
Potosi, whicb from their discovery in 1545 liH 
1803, have yielded £237458,334 sterling, or near- 
ly £li000,000 annually which has paid the royal 
duties. Salt is found in the extensive plains ly- 
ing between the Paraguay and the mountains. 
The pampas to the southwest of Buenos Ayre*. 
also contain lakes which produce salt of a very fine 
quality. According to the official estimates fur- 
nished in 1817 by the government of Bueno? 
Ayrcs to the deputies of the United States, the 



SUE 

popnkticm wms i;300,000, ezclusiye of Inditni. 
Tit «iyiliied Indians alone, it is supposed, amoont 
Id more than 700,000. The population is com- 
posed of whites, Indians, mestizoes, negroes, and 
mulattoeB. The number of n^roes and mulat- 
toes is very small. The most populous districts 
arearoand the towns on the coast and near the 
mouths of the great riyers, and the mining; dis- 
tricts in the west, but particularly the norUiwes- 
leni proTinces near the borders of Peru, which 
were formerly attached to that country and are 
still called Alto Peru, or Upper Peru. The plains 
in the north are almost ezclnsiyely occupied by 
tribes of wandering Indians. 

Buenos Ayres was formerly a Spanish colony, 
■nder the government of a viceroy, but a new gov- 
ernment was established in 1810, which ruled in 
the name of the king of Spain till the 9th of July 
1816, when it declared itself wholly independent, 
onder the title of the United provinces of Rio de 
la Plata, w^ich has since been changed for that 
eC the United Provinces of South America. 
Since 1810 there have been three or four reve- 
lations, in each of which the form of govern- 
ment, so fiir as relates to the executive de- 
partment, has been altered. During all the 
efaau^pes, however, there has existed a congress 
iwniBrting of representatives from the several pro- 
vtoees. The revenue for the year 1817, was 
3gD37,187 dollars. Since the revolution many re- 
fonnt have been introduced. The law of primo- 
genitiue is repealed, and all titles of nobility are 
prohibited under pain of the loss of citizenship. 
One of the first decrees of the congress manumit- 
tsd the olbpring of slaves bom after February 
1813, and emancipated a}l slaves imported after 
that period. The RomanCatholic is theestablished 
religion, but there are many advocates, both in 
eonversation and writing for universal toleration. 
The number of monks uid nuns was never very 
great in Buenos Ayres, when compared with other 
portions of the Spanish dominions, and they have 
diminished since the revolution* The herdtmen 
or peasantry of the Pampas form a very consid- 
erable proportion of the population. Thinly 
strewed over the great plains, they have com- 
monly, each one, the chai|;e of a country many 
leagues in extent ; they are wholly illiterate, 
and dwell on an immense waste in continual soli- 
tude. From infancy the herdsman is continually 
en horseback, and Uiere is perhaps no more ex- 
pert horsemen in the world. The wars that have 
been recently carried on in this country havecall- 
ed these herdsmen into the field of battle, and it is 
said, they make the most formidable partisan sol- 
diery that ever existed. In courage they ara in- 
ferior to none ; and in adroit and rapid horseman- 
ship they exceed what has been told of the Par- 
thian, the Scythian or the Cossac of the Don. 
They are usually called Gvaehot, an epithet, like 
that of Yankee, oririnally cast on them in deris- 
ion, but now no longer offensive. One of the 
prineiiial branches oi internal commerce is the 
trade in mules, which are sent in droves from Sal- 
ta over the Andes into Peru. The exports consist, 
principally, of hides, beef^ and tallow, the great 
staples of the conntry ; a variety of furs and pel- 
try ; with gold, and silver from the mines of Poto- 
sL The imports are principally British mann- 
fiwtores, consisting of woollen and cotton goods of 
every description, hardware, hats, porter, &o. ; 
from the United States are imported lumber, and 
Baval stores of all kinds, salted fish, fur]ntare, 



B UP 



131 



boots, shoes, ftc and from Braiil, mgar, ooflee and 
rum. The value of the exports is estimated at 
^10,000,000 per annum ; and that of the imports 
u about the same. The principal rivers of Buenos 
Ayres are the Paraguay or Plata, Parana and 
Uruguay. This country is divided intoSinioi* 
daneies: vix. Buenos Ayres, Paraguay, Cordova, 
Salta, Potosi,Charcas, La Pax and Cochabamba. 

Btunot ^yret^ city and capital of the above is 
buUtontheS. W. bank of the Rio de la Plata, 
180 miles from its mouth. The river here is 30 
miles broad, and is merely an open road. Ships 
cannotapproach within tfaiiree leagues of the shore, 
and are compelled to unload by lisrhters, and to 
resort to the bay of Barragan, 83or 24 miles below, 
to wait for their cargoes. The nav^stion of the 
Plata to Buenos Ayres, is extremely dansvons, 
owing not only to rocks, sand banks, and shal- 
lows, which abound in many parts of the river, 
but likewise to the impetuous blasts, called Pam- 
peros, which occasionally sweep over it with des- 
tructive fury. The town is regularly laid out, the 
streets intersecting each other at right angles. 
In the middle of the town is a large area, 40 rods 
square, on the sides of which are the castle, the 
cathedral, and the town hall. All these edifices, 
together with the churches, convents and hospitals, 
are built of a beautiful white stone, found in a 
plain near the town. The population is esUma^ 
ted at 09^000, one half of whom are whites, and 
the rest, Indians, negroes, mulattoes, and mesti- 
soes. The commerce nf the town is very exten- 
sive, the port being the outlet for the produee, 
not only of the whole valley of the Plata, but also 
of laige districts of Pqra and Chili. Loo. 67*" £4' 
W.Lat34«35'S. 

Bum Rain, Beit Modrid, 

Bttero. See Bauro. 

Bufaloj Porio^ s-p. Turkey, on the S. W. coast 
ofNegropont Lon.24'' 16'E. Lat88° IS'N. 

Bi^alo Lake^ North America, near theCepper- 
mine river, in Ion. 1 ir W. lat ffT lit N. 

Buffalo^ p-t port of entry and cap. Niacara eo. 
N. T. at the outlet of Lake Erie, 2S m. S. ftiagara 
falls, 80 N. E. by £. Erie, 240 E. Sandusky, 302 
E. Detroit, 222 N. N. E. Pittsburg, 291 W. Alba- 
ny. Pop. 2,095, of whom 1,100 are in the village. 
Here is a bank. Being situated on the bestchaimel 
of intercourse between the Atlantic and the regions 
of the West, BufiUo is destined to bec<mie a great 
emporium of trade. The town is built on the N. E. 
side of Bufialo crock, a considerable mill stream 
which joins the lake half a mile below. The 
depth of water in Bnf&lo creek is sufficient jfbr a 
harbor, being 12 or 14 feet for a mile from its 
mouth, and the breadth from 12 to 16 rods. 
Its only obstruction is the sand and gn:^^ &t its 
mouth, driven in by gales of wind. To prevenir 
the sand from thus accumulating, a pier of 1000 
feet in length is now erecting, which is so &r 
completed (1822) that vessels drawing 6 or 7 feet 
water enter the harbor. Buffalo was burnt by 
the British during the late war, but has been since 
rebuilt. 

Bf/ffahy t Washington co. Pa. Pop. 1,430. 

Bvffalo^t t. Armstrong co. Pn. Pop. 1,^. 

Bu/alo, t Butler co. Pa. Pop. 582. 

BuffnUon t Union co. Pa. Pop. 2,376. 

J3u/ato, ^etf, t Union ^o. Pa. Pop. 1,183. 

Bvjfaioj t Perry co. Pa. Pop. 875. 

Bt^aiOf p-v. Mason co. Va. 

Bvffalo^ t. Guernsey co. Ohio^ oa Willi creek, 
6 m. 8. Cambridge. Pop. 482. 



199 



BUK 



Bi|fW9« t Pikt 00. MiMouri 

B^W^b r. Niagum oo. N. T. mns into Lake 
Erioot Boffido. 

^H^olo, r. Pa. nmi into the W. branch of the 
Sawnwhannah, above Lewiaboi^. 

Bvgai/b treikf Va. roni into the Ohio above 
Wheeling. 

Bt^ah ereelhriam in N. C. and ntm into Broad 
river, in S. Carolina. 

Btffaiocreekf Geo. ronsinto the Oconee, 30 or 
40 m. below Milledpville. 

BtMOf r. Miniwippiy runs into the MiwiMtppi, 
t m. above Fort Adams, at LoftuB* hei^^hti. 

Bv^ahfwkf Arkanaaa territory, rues near the 
N. bank of the Arkansas, and running 180 miles 
N. £. joins White river 700 miles above its mouth. 
. B^gf or Bogy r. Poland, has its souroe in Gali- 
cda, and frlls mto the Vistula a little above the 
town of Zakroczyn, N. W. of Warsaw, it forms 
the boundary between the kingdom of Poland and 
the Russian governments of Volhynia and Grodno. 

Bttfo, city, New Grenada, 16 leagues N. E. Po- 
payan. Lat.rfiS'N. 

BwMMy isL off the 8. E. coast of Sumatra. 
Lou. lOr 25' E. Ut S'SO' & 

Bvgimt or Budoim^ t Eng. in Huntingdon, 90 
01. 8. Stamford. 

Bug^f formerly a province of France, which 
lay botween Franche Comt^, Bresse, Dauphiny, 
said Savoy, now included in the department of the 



Bueg^^ SeeBomBfly. , 

Bttgim, 8ee Bomeiah, 

Bugie^ ▼. A. Turkey, 3 m. 8. Smyrna. 

BvgUf s-p. E^Tpt, on tlw Red Sea. Lon. 38" 
4a£.Lat.&15'N. 

Bughwiony t Eqg. in Cheshire. 

Bitfue, Ley t. France, in Dordogne, 18 m. S. 
8. E. Perigueuz. Pop. 2,486. 

B^igubnoy t Russia, in Upha. Lon. 52* 24' £. 
Lat.54''39'N. 

BugwviUmakyt Russia, 140 m. W. S. W. Upha. 

BmmnnUfore^ district, Hind, on botli sides of 
tiieHyphaais, or Ghurra, bounded £. and S. by 
fiioeanee, W. and N. by Moultan. Bvhmndporty 
the cap. is on the E. bank of the Hyphasis, in laL 
90^ 40^ N. Ion. 71*45' £. 70 m. fr. Moultan. 

BtJUy t. in Baden, 9 m. S. S. W. Rastadt Lon. 
ri2'E.Ut48"44'N. 

B^'iUmieey t Spain, in Andalusia, 10 m. E. 
Cordova. 

Bwwoy t Hind, in Gujarat Lon. 71* 25^ E. 
Lat 22" 55' N. 

BviUhy t. Wales, in Brecknock oo. on the Wye, 
14 m. fr. New Radnor. 

BuinmaKy Pomiy Ireland, the S. cape at the en« 
trance of Newport bay. Lon. 9° 43" W. Lat 43** 
46'N. 

Bviiy Lty t France, 45 m. 8. E. Valence. Lon. 
r2rE.Lat44MrN. 

f uiMce, r. Quito, enters the Juanambu. 

BuUrago^ t Spain, 36 m. N. Madrid. Lon. 3^ 
i3'W.UL41'rN. 

BukartMt, See Bueharett. 

BtMuEriOy Bukharoy or Bokhara, said to signify 
the Country of Learned Meny a country of Asia, 
whose limits are not exactly defined by modem 
a;^|:raphers. It is commonly called Great Buk- 
nana, m contradistinction to a country called Lit- 
tle Bukharia, which bounds it on the east. ^ 
the N. and W. it soems to be bounded by Karasm 
and Tuikestan, and on the S. by Persia and Nor- 
thern Uindostan. It extends, according to the 



BU L 

most aoonimte ertimate, about 700 miles from 9. 
to 8. and 350 fromE.toW. It is believed to be 
divided into three provinces (though they are cer- 
tainly not ruled by the same government,) Buk- 
haria proper, Samarcand, and Sulkh. The coun- 
try is watered by the Sihon on the N. the Amu, 
or Oxus on the S. and the Sogd. It is inhabited 
by two distinct races of Tartars, one called Tau- 
Jiks, Tajiks, or Kiighises, and the other, Usbecka, 
a principal tribe of Tartars. This country wai 
called by the ancients Sogdiana. 

Bukharia, BokharOy or Bogaty a city of Asia, 
cap. of Great Bukharia, on the 8ogd,abranch of the 
Oxus, 50 miles from its mouth. It has loi^ been 
celebrated for the study of theology and Mahome- 
tan law. The inhabitants are employed in Che 
manufacture of cotton yam, calicoes and soap, 
which are chiefly exported to Persia. Merchants of 
all kinds meet with great encouragement, and all 
religions are tolerati». The population is supposed 
to exceed 100,000. Lon- 62^ 45' E. Lat. SO^'fT S. 

Btikhariay LitiUy a country of Asia, no better 
known to Europeans than Great Bukharia. It 
appears to lie amidst deserts, and is bounded N. 
and E. by Mongolia, S. by Thibet, and W. by 
Great Bukharia. The productions of the country 
are gold, silver, and all sorts of precious stones, 
which are sent to India, China, and Tobobk in 
Siberia. The Bukharians are Tartars and Ma- 
hometans. This country formerly consisted of 2 
kingdoms, Kashgar in the west, and Kalis in the 
east. Since 1 759, the whole has been tributary to 
China. The principal towns are Yarkand and 
Cashgar. Lat 36^ to 43* N. 

BukoretL See Buehartti, 

Bukowiney province in the Austrian empire, 
bounded N. by the Dniester, E. and 8. by Molda- 
via, and W. by Transylvania and Galicia. It 
contains 4^000 square miles. Pop. 190,000. 
^ Bulaehy t Switzerland, 8 m. N. Zurich. 

Buiaehy v. Black Forest, in Suabia, 20 m. W. S. 
W. Stutganl. 

Bulaky V. Egypt, 2 m. W. Cairo, to which city it 
serves as a harbor. It contains a custom-houae, 
magazines, and a large bazar. 

Bulamoy one of the Bissagos islands, on the W. 
coast of Africa. In 1792 a company was fomaed in 
Ei^land with the view of colonizing this island, 
and the island was ceded to Great Britain ; but 
owioFto the bad choice of the colonists, defecU of 
the climate, and hostility of the neighboring peo- 
pie, it was abandoned. 

Bular4caiay t Russia, on the Irtisdi, <»posite 
Tobolsk. »'Yi— * 

Btdgariay LiitUy a province of Turicey in Eu- 
rope, which extends from the Black sea to Servia. 
The Danube divides it from Bessarabia, Moldavia, 
and Walachia, while the Sardinian mountains and 
the river Kamtchi separate it on the S. from Mace- 
don and Rumelia proper. Pop. estimated at 
1,500,000. The inhabitants speak the Sdavooic 
language, and profess parUy the Greek, and part- 
ly the Mahometan religion, 

Buigin, t. Siberia, 3 m. fr. Okhotzk. 

BuignevilUy t. France, 10 m. S. E. Neufchateau. 

BulUaga, a range of mountains in central Asia, 
extending from lon. 72" to 73" E. lat 48^ 30* to 
61'N. 

Buikhy or BaUc, a country of Asia, dqiendent on 
the kingdom of Cabul. Its extent cannot be ac- 
curately defined ; it has the Oxus on the N. the 
mounUins of Hindoo Coosh on the S. and a desert 
country on the W. It ia about 260 milea tag and 



BUN 

too broad. Tha eountrj sonromidiii^ the towDt 
ts in a h%h state of cultivation. It is inhabited by 
libeck Tartan, Taujiki and Arabs, who dwell 
paxtly in towns and partly in tents. Pop. about 

BhM, cap. of the prorinoe of that name, on the 
DdHumin a fiat, ferUle and well cultivated coun- 
tTT, watered by eighteen canals. It is the BaC' 
tU of the Greeks ; its history belongs to the hij^h^ 
est tntiqiiity, and all Asiatics are impressed with 
the idea of its being the oldest city m the world. 
Pop. e^OOO or7,qoa Lon.65M6'£. Lat 36** 

BuiZ, isl. off the S. W. coast of Ireland. Lon. 

Hryw.Lat.sraa'N. 

BuU,ra^, off the N. coast of Ireland. Lon-G^IST 
W. LaLSe^l^N. 

BuOanBajh between the island ofAchiland 
W. coast oflreland. Lon. 9" 43r W. Lat. 64* N. 

BuSe, L SwitMrland, 10 m. S. Fribouig. 

BulieMy L France, 10 m. E. N. £. Beauvais. 

Bitiiei^ GO. Ken. on the Ohio. Pop. 6,831. 
Slaves 345. Engaged in agriculture 1,228, in 
commeroe 7, in manufactures 288. 

BvUeitkyrg^ p-t Boone co. Ken. 

BMUlMUmd^ S. Con the N. sideofCharieston 
bsrfoor. 

BuOMk^t. Bengal, 12 m. S. E. Lackiponr. 

BuflSsdb, oo. Geo. between Qgechee and Ca- 
Doohee rivers. Chief t Statesboro'. Po{>. 2,578. 
Slaves 097. Engaged in agriculture 329, in man- 
uisetnces 1. 

BviPsBt^^ or BoboulBauy on the E. coast of 
Newlbandland. Lat4r2rN. 

BttlTs Htttd^ cape, Ireland. Lon. 10* 4' W. 
Ut- 58* 6* N. 

Btt^Uktfiy t. Fayette co. Pa. on the Tougfaiogeny. 
Pop. 1,484. 

BulMtrode^ t« Buckingham co. Lower Canada, 
» m. S. E. Three-Riven. 

Buasm, city, Persia, cap. of Kerman. It is 
stmngly fi»rtified. Lon. 58" E. Lat 29° IT N. 

BumMO, or Abi^ isl. in the Persian gul£ Lon. 
M'E. Lat.26*15'N. 

Bwuuetj s-p. Scotland. Lon. 5* 16' W. Lat 
i6»24'N. 

BwUmr^ v. Eng. 6 m. fi*om Nantwicb. 

Bunehd^. See A<ne-7otm Barry, 

Buneambe, ca N. C. the W. comer of the state. 
PopL 10,542 ; slaves 1,042 ; engaged in agricul- 
tare^79((, in commerce 11, in manufactures 16. 
Chief t Morristown. The warm springs of this 
county are found upon the margin of French 
Broad river about 32 miles from Ashville and 5) 
from the Tennessee line. The waters are of the 
teraperatai« of 94" to 104* and are beneficial in 
esses of palsy, rheumatism, cutaneous affections, 
kc Tise country around is mountainous and 
heslthy, and abounds in romantic scenery, ren- 
deriog the springs an agreeable resort for inva* 
lids. 

Bvmddami^ an extensive district, Hind, in the 
province of Allahabad, lying between 24*^ and 26^ 
N. lat Its capital is Callinger. Since 1804, it has 
belonged to the Britidi. 

Btmderllag. See Bmier Rigk. 

BiflMmi, t Eng. in Suffolk, on the WaYeney, 
vhish is navigame by barges to Tannouth ; 38 m. 
N.N.E. Ipswich. 

BtoMoor, t Persia, in Mekran. It has a strong 
Inmess. Lon.flO^iaE. Lat2r50^N. 

Bmnee, r. Ireland, runs into the Moy. 

Bunnw, r. Ireland, runs into the Donegal Bay. 



BUR 



133 



BunHngffrd, t Eng. 11 m. N. Hertford. 

BurUwUk t Hind. 15 m. E. Mangalore. Lorn 
75"9'E. Lat 12'48'N. 

BuniMbxiLt Circle of^ in Bohemia, bounded E. by 
Koniggratz, S. byKauraim, W. by Leutmeritz, 
and N. by Silesia and Lusatia. Pop. 313,592. 

Buntzlau^ t. Bohemia, on the Iser, 28 m. N. N. 
E. Prague. 

BuniBiauj t Silesia, on the Bober, 26 m. N. W. 
Jauer. Lon. 15" 37' E. Lat 51* 13' N. Pop. 
3,534. 

BunwooU isl- off the W. coast of Mindanao, be- 
longing to the English East India company. Lon. 
124' 30' E. Latri2'N. 

Buoneonoenio^ t. Tuscany, 10 m. S. E. Siena. 

Buano^ r. Chili, enters the Pacific, in lat 40^ 
3T8. 

Burampooter, See Burrampooter, 

Burm^Hmr^ t Hind. 80 m. N. E. Cicacole. 

Burburata^ t Caraccas, 52 m. W. Coro. Bur- 
burata itlands are opposite to it, in the Caribbean 
sea. 

BunUe, t Hind. Lon. 82" 27 E. Lat 24»37' N. 

Burdwarif district of Bengal, between 22" and 
24"* N. lat and on the W. side of the Hoogly. 

Burdwan^ the capital, is a large town, on Dum- 
moodah river, 50 m. N. Calcutta. Lon. 87^ 57' E. 
Lat 23" 15' N. The Church Missionary Society 
have selected this place for one of their stations, 
and in 1820, they had 13 flourishing schools under 
their direction, in which 1300 children were receiv- 
ing instruction. 

Btfrefa, Cape, Spain. Lon. 7*26' W. Lat 43* 
41' N. 

Burella, t Naples, in Calabria Ultra, 9 m. E. 
Nicotera. 

Buren, t Netherlands, 6 m. S. E. Utrecht. 

Burtih t Prussian states, 13 m. S. S. W. Pader- 
bom. 

Buret, t Eng. in Suffolk, on the Stour. 

Burford, t &g. 17 m. N. N. W. Osdbnl. 

Bwford, t. 0]dbrd co. Up. Canada. 

Burgy t. Prussian states, 4 m. N. E. Magdeburg. 
Pop. 7,000. 

Burg, t Prussian Cleves and Berg,in Dusselford, 
on the Wipper. Pop. 2^000. 

Burg, t Netherlands, 12 m. S.S. E. Zutphen. 

Burgas, t Turkey, on the Black sea, 112 m. N. 
N. W. Constantinople. Lon. 27" 29* E. Lat 42" 
31' N. 

Burgua, formerly amaigraviate of Suabia,now 
includeil in the Bavarian circles of the Upper Dan« 
ube and the lller. Pop. 1 1,497. 

Bureau, t. Bavaria, 19 m. N. W. Augsburg, 20 
E. N. E. Ulm. 

Burg-Bumhnm, t. Bavaria, 14 m. N, N. W. 
Anspach. Pop. 1,100. 

Burgiarf, t. Switzerland, 10 m. N.E. Bern. 

Burgdorf, t Hanover, 9 m. S. ZelL Lon. 10^ T . 
E. Lat 62" 28' N. 

Burg'Ebraeh, t. Bavaria, 8 m. S. W. Bamberg. 

Burgd, t Germany, 15 m. S. £. Weimar. Lon. 
11*44' E. Lat 50" 55' N. 

Burgets, t Leeds co. Up. Canada. 

Burgeittcwn, p-t. Washington co. Pa. 

Burgh, t. Eng. in Lincoln, 5 m. N. W. Wain- 
fleet 

BurgHamMO, SeeHomso. 

BurghauMen, t Bavaria, on the Salza, near its in- 
flux into the Inn, 50 m. £. Munich. Lon. 12" 47' E. 
Lat48"rN. Pop. 3,010. 

Burgh Head, cape, Scotland. Lon. 3" 24' W. 
Lat 57" 41' N.; another, in lat 64" 44' 20' N. 



134 



BUR 



Btff^fA-ii^Mfi-SaiMb, ▼. En;. 5 m. N. W.Car- 
liile. 

Burglen, ▼. Switzerland, 4 m. N. N.W. St GalL 

BurglMgenfdd, t Bavaria, IS m. N. W. Rat- 
isbon. Pop. l,40a 

Burgot^ province, Spain, part of Old Castile. 
€q. nules, 7,752. Pop. 450^000. 

Burgot^ city, Spain, cap. of Old Castile, on the 
right bank of the Arlanzon. It was very flourish- 
ine in fonner times. 112 m. N. Madrid. Lon. ft 
4flfl5''W. LML^rsffSSr^. Pop. 9,000. 

Burgaiadit t. Saxony, 3 m. fr. Penig. 

Burgu^ district, Africa, on the S. border of the 
Lybian desert, probably the same as Burdoa. 

BurguetlOjEl^ t Spain, 24m. £.N.£. Pampe- 
luna. 

Burgundy^ Cirde of, one of the ten circles of 
the Gterman empire. Oririnally it was very ex- 
tensive and comprised, beside the free county 
(^Ffxmehe Comti) of Bui:g;undy, the whole 17 prov- 
inces of the Netherlands ; but after the Dutch 
provinces declared their independence, and the 
southern part of the circle was mdually acquired 
by France, it consisted only of the Spanish or Aus- 
trian Netherlands. 

Burgtmdy^ DuUhy of, otherwise called Burpmr- 
dy Proptr, or Lower Burgun^>, to distinguish it 
from Ktmiehe ComU or Ujpper jSurgundy^formerlj 
a province in the east oi France. The principid 
product of the country is its wine, which is known 
and esteemed throughout Europe. At the revolu- 
tion it was divided into the departments of the 
Saone and Loire, the Cote d'Or, and the Tonne ; 
part of it also lies in those of the Nievre, the Aube, 
the Upper Mame, and the Ain. The principal 
towns after Dijon, are Macon, Autun, Chalons sur 
Saone, Auxerre, and Sens. 

Burgundy. See Arelat, 

BuAalia^ t Syria, 10 m. N. Vf, Damascus. 

Burhampourt city. Hind. cap. of Candeish, on 
the Tatee, 100 m. N. Aurungabad, 452 S. I>eihi. 
Lon.76°20'E. Lat.2rS2'N. 

BurioiuK, t Tuscany, near the lake of Castigli- 
one, 16 m. S. Montieri. 

BurUu^ one of the Philippine islands. Lon. 122* 
4yE. Latl2'4e'N. 

Buriatt^ a tribe of Tartars, widely dispersed 
throughout the government of Irkutsk in Sibe- 
ria. Their features bear much resemblance to 
those of the Kalmucks. They inhabit the banks 
of the lake Baikal, and of the rivers Angara and 
Lena. 

Burhoj or Varaquty s-p. Arabia, the residence 
of the Iman of Muscat, 40 m. N. W. Muscat Lat 
23'48'N. 

Burke, p-t Caledonia co. Vt 45 m. N. E. Mont^ 
pelier. Pop. in 1810, 459. 

Burkty CO. N. C. on Catawba river, amonf the 
mountains of the Blue ridge. Pop. 13,411 ; slaves 
1,9 17 ; engaged in agriculture 3,799, in commerce 
15, in manufactures 188. Chief t Moigantown. 

Bwrit, CO. Geo. on Savannah river. Pop. 11,577; 
slaves 5,820 ; engaged in agriculture 4^77, in com- 
merce 27, in manufactures 103b Chief t Waynes- 
boro. 

Burkertdorf^y. Saxony, in Misnia. Pop. l/XNX 

Bvarke'i Canal, inlet on the N. W. coast of 
America, formed by King's Island on the N. and 
New Albion on the S. Lon.232^iaE. Lat5r 
57' N. 

BurketviUe, p-t. Cumberland co. Ken.^ 

Burlais, t. France, 4 m. £. Castrea. Pop. 1,192. 



BUR 

Burlejf, t Eng. in Torkdiire, 2 m. fr. OUey. 

Burl^ on the HUl^ v. Eng. in Rutland eo. 

BurUngton, or BridHngUm, s-p Eag. in York- 
shire, on Burlii^on bay. BurUngton Quay, it 
situated on the coast It is formed by a pisr, which 
extends a considerable way into the bay, snd is 
defended by two batteries. Considerable trade is 
carried on here. There is a custom-house, irfaieh 
is dependent on Hull. The Quinr is much retort- 
ed to for sea bathing. Pop. of Burlioeton aad 
Burlington Quay; 3,741. 20 m. from Scartmroagh. 
Lon. ^8' W. Ut 64»8' aor- N. 

BurUngUm^u-L Middlesex co. Mass. 12 n. .\. 
W. Boston. I^>p.506. 

BurUnafon^ p-t port of entry, and cap. Chitteo- 
den oo. Vt deliefatfully litaatedoaabsyoftbe 
same name in lue Champlain, 34 m. 1¥. N. W. 
Montpelier, 110 S. Montreal, 198 N. W. BoHon. 
Lon. 73" W. Lat 44» 29' N. Pop. in 1810, 1,69a 
The village is one of the handsomeit in the itate. 
It occupies the side of a hill, asceodiiig neir i 
mile from the bay. Here are two handsonie Con- 
gregational meedng-houees, a courthoose, jail 
academy, and a spacious coUe^ edifice. Within 
the limits of the township, a mile N. E of theTil- 
lage, are the &lls of Onion river, around which 
are several valuable mills and msnniaolarifl^ 
establishments. About 20 vessels Barintelakr 
Champlain, most of which are owned io this 
place. 

The University of Vennont is located in thii 
town. It was incorporated in 1791, and bsi been 
liberally patronized by the state. It has s pr»- 
dent, 6 professors, 2 tutors, a library of about 
1^000 volumes, and a philosophical sppsratot 
which is tolerably complete. The funda couiit 
principallv of lands, amounting to aboat 40JOOO 
acres, and yield at present an income of about 
1200 dollars. The number of studenta in 1818 
was 28. The college edifice is a beautiful brick 
building, 160 feet long, and 4 stories Yofj^ H b 
finely situated on the E. aide of the viUsge, a mile 
froaa the lake, and elevated more than 300 M 
above its surface. From the t<^ of the ooUeg» 
there is a noble view of the lake and the adjaool 
country. 

Burlington, t Hartford co. Ct 16 m. W. Hart- 
ford. Pop. 1,360. ^ 

Burlington, p-t Otsego oo. N. T. U n. W. 
Cooperstown. Pop. 2,457. 

BurHngtonj co. N. J. on the Atlantic sad ezteo- 
ding N. W. to DeUware river. Pop. tt^K; 
slaves 82; engaged in agriculture 4/M2, in com- 
merce 175, in manufiustures 1,585. Chief towns, 
Mount-Holly and Burlington. 

Burlington^ city, port of entry, and c^- B°f 
lington CO. N. J. on Delaware river, opposite Bris- 
tol, 11m. below Trenton, 17 above Philsdelph»- 
Pop. 2,758. The most populous part ia oo an isl- 
and in the Delaware, to which there sre4 en- 
trances by bridges. It was settled in 1677. K 
contains a courthouse and jail, 4 houses of poWic 
worship, an academy, a public library, uKi°*' 
some manufiustures. Its haibor is safe snd com* 
modious. Shipping in 1815, 1,582 tons. 

JBur/an^/on, t Bradfoid, CO. Pa. Pop.5W; 

BurUngton, t Bebnont co. Ohio, on Ohio nw* 
4 m. above Wheeling in Kentucky, 10 N- E. =»• 
ClairsviUe. Another, in Licking ca Fop. 48»; 
Another, p-t and cap. Lawrence oo. Ohio, onUW« 
river, 75 m. S. E. ChiUicothe, 120 fr. Colambus. 
Pop. 140. • 



BUR 

BwlnslM-^ Up. Canada, the W. end oflake 
OnUrio. This bay is both spacious and seonre* 
bat tbe sDtranoe is narrow and so shallow that 
only bosto can paaa, and there is a bridge thrown 
acTMiit 

JiiiiBMri. See Birmah. 

i7Knnoii/;T. ofCuttackfinHind. It is fortified, 
isd omnmands a pass into the district Lon. SS** 
WT^ UtWSl'N. 

Bwmaft Idamit in tiie Frosen ocean. Lon. 182* 
30'E.Ut,er45'N. 

Bumkiamt t. Eng^. in Essex, 48 m. fr. London. 

BvmAemj or Market Bumham^ t Eng. in Nor- 
folk. 34 m. N. W. Norwich. 

Bumkjfy t. £n^. in Lancashire, 23 m. N. Man- 
c^iester. Pop. 4,368. 

fiiotrfesal iflofMi, Hancock co. Maine. Pop. 
218. 

BunU<omy p-t. and cap. Monroe co. Alabama. 

Bwni iakaidj a royal borgh and pari8h,8cotland, 
on the Frith of Forth, 6 ri.N. N. W.Leith. 

Bvmt biml, off the S. coast of Newfoundland, 
15 m. E.S.E. Cape Ray. Lon. 58^ 5ff W. Lat 
4730rN. 

Burnirwer, See .Von/reo/rtver. 

BunOmood, Biee Breniwood. 

Bwmt. See Borrunu 

fitPT.tsl. in the Irish sea. Lon. 5^ 21' W. Lat 

Bummoetoe^ t Hind, in Bejapoor. Lon. 74** 
31' E. Latl8»14'N. 

BurraMMOler, or Brahmapootra^ r. Asia, which 
Hiea an me north aide of the Himmaleh moun- 
taiui not Ur from the source of the Ganges, and 
after flowing for more than h^ its course in an 
easterly direction, breaks through the mountains 
aad turning to the W. and then to the S. joins the 
GftD^ about 40 m. from its mouth. Its course is 
ftboQt 1500 miles. 

Brtmnf, one of the Orkney islands. Lon. 2"4T 
W. Lat 60" 41' N. 

Burmy, one of the Shetland islands. Lon. 1"* 
39' W. Lat 60^ 6' N. 

Bumtet22e, t Providenoe co. R. I. 24 m. from 
Prondeoce. Pop. S,164. It contains a bank, and 
Kverai cotton factories. 

Bufnw Head. See Burgh Head. 

BujTowbridge. See Boroughbridge. 

Bumwtiounesi. See Bomwftoumnett, 

Burttty city, A. Turkey, in a spacious plain at 
the foot of mount Olympus. The populatiou^xm- 
lists of Turks, Greeks, Armenians, and Jews. Va- 
rious manufactures, and considerable trade are 
csiried on here. Great variety of satins, chiefly 
striped, are made, for the short under garments of 
the Turkish habit ; there are besides manufac- 
tures of oik stufb and irauze, and qifantities of 
raw silk are exported to Smyrna and Constantino- 
ple. The caravans passing from Smjrma and Alep- 
po to the capital, promote its commerce. Bursa 
iw once the capital of the Turkish empire. Pop. 
>^ut 60,000. 75 m.S. Constantinople. Lon. 29^ 
l^E. Ut40*lVN. 

Bur-Salum. See Solum, 

BwKheid^ t Prussian grand dutchy of the Low- 
er Rhine, near Aix-U-ChapeUe. Pop. 3,534. 

nuraooug^ t Eng, in Lancashire, on the Liver- 
pool and Leeds canal. 

l^^r^Sm. See^. 

ihtr^'.nti, t Eng: in Staifordshire, 3 m. N. New- 
•^ ilr^-ander-Line. It has extensive potteries. 
' \ 8,625. 



BUS 



13S 



jBur<9n,or Burtm in JTendiBJ, t Eng. in West, 
moreland. 

Btirton, t Sunbury co. New Brunswick, on the 
W. side of St John river. 

Burton, t Stratford co. N. H. 50 m. N. N. £. 
Concord. Pop. 209. 

Burton^ p-t Geauga co. Ohio. Pop. 506. 

Burton^ t. Washington co. Missouri. 

Burton vpon SiaOwty t Eng, 31 m. N. Lincoln. 

Burton upon TVen/, t Ens. in Stafford, celebra^ 
ted for its excellent ale, of which vast quantities 
are made both for home consumption and for ex- 
portaUon. 11 m. S. W. Derby, 1«4 N. N. W. 
London. Lon. V 30' W. Lat 5r 5ff N. Pop. 
3,979. 

Burtonnille^ p-v. Orange co. Va. 

Bttrtuihj harbour on the N. E. coast of New 
Brunswick, 15 or 20 m. from the S. extremity. 

BtmMK, district of Bengal, adjoining Palamow. 

Burwtdi^ t Eng. m Sussex, 49 m. fr. London. 

Bury^ t. Eng. in Lancashire, 9 m. N. Manches- 
ter. Pop. 8,762. 

Bury, t Buckingham co. Lower Canada, 70 or 
80 m. S. E. Three-Rivers. 

Bury Si. Edmundi^ t Eng. in Suffolk, on the 
Lark. This town is a borough, and returns two 
repvesentatives to parliament. Here are the re- 
mains of an abbey, anciently one of the most weal- 
thy and magnificent in Britain. 43 m. S. S. W. 
Norwich, 72 N. N. E. London. Lon. 0" 50' E. 
Lat52'90'N. Pop. 7,986. 

Bunet^ t France, in Ardeche, 15 m. N. Argen- 
tiere. Pop. 2,670. 

Bufoeo, a convent in Portugal, in Beira, 30 m. 
N. E. Coimbra, memorable for an action fought 
here on 27th Sept 1810, between Massena and 
Lord Wellington. 

Busca, t Sardinia, in Piedmont Pop. 7,900. 

Bush river, Md. is formed by the confluence of 
several creeks at Harford, and runs into the Ches^ 
apeake 10 miles below. 

Buth creeks Pa. runs into the Delaware in 
Wayne county. 

BushkUU t- Northampton co. Pa. Pop. 1^2. 

BtM^, r. Ireland, flows into the sea, 3 m. S. W. 
Bengore Head. 

Busheab, isL in the Persian gulf. Lon. 53° 4f £. 
Lat27''2'N. 

Bvuhirey AbtuMfir, or Bender Boshavir, s-p, 
Persia, in Pars, on a peninsula in the Persian gulf. 
Provisions and fruits are cheap and excellent in 
Bushire ; but tiie water is bad. A considerable 
trade is carried on here. The exports are Persian 
commodities, such as carpets, wine of Shiraz, rote- 
water, drugs ; and the imports are Indian g^oods 
of different kinds, and English broadcloth. The 
English East India company have a factory at this^ 
place. 100 m. W. S. W. Shiraz. Lon. 50* 43^ E. 
Lat28'59'N. Pop. 5,000. 

Buthmen, or Boijesmetis. See Hoiientotf. 

Bwh toum. See Harford, Md. 

Buthwiek, t. Kings co. Long-Island, N. Y. on 
East river, 3 m. from New-York city. Pop. 930. 

Biotr. See Abueir, 

Buifc, t. Austrian Galicia, on the Bug, 25 m. E. 
N. E. Lemberg. Pop. 1,800. 

BwkirkU bndge, p-v. Washington co. N. Y. 

Buueto, t Italy, in Parma, 8 m. S. Cremona. 
Pop. 3,000. 

Busriere-Badit, t. France, 10 m. N. Nontroo. 

Butnere-Poitemne, t France, 10 m. N. N. W. 
Bellac, 



13d 



CAB 



Bnaari bt^^xm the E. coast of New HoUand. 
LoD. SOr 18' W. Ut 24M' S. 

Buitard /Ztver, Lower CanadaL, mns into the 
8t Lawrence^ 7 m. W. Manjcongaii-Point 

BuiHmi, Cape, on the Persian enlf. Lon. 54* 
3«'E.Lat.ar36'N. 

BtuiUHhm, t Philadelphia co. Pa. 10 m. N. W. 
Philadelphia. 

Butto^ Cape, Spain. Lon. d* 30" W. Lat 43* 
5r N. 

Bute, isl. Scotland, at the month of the frith of 
Clyde, 15 miles long, and containin| 29,000 acres. 
Rothesay is the only town on it. 18 m. W. Gree- 
ttock. Pop. 5,824. 

Bute, CO. Scotland, constituted exdosiTely of 
islands, lying near the mouth of the frith of Clyde, 
VIS. Arran, Bute, Largs, Little Cumhray, and 
Inrhmamnck. Pop. 11^083. Families 2^19, of 
whom 1,S14 are employed in agricoltnre, and 530 
in trade and manufactures. 

Bv/ero, t Sicily, 15 m. E. N. £. Alicata. 

BtUi, t Tuscany, SO m. N. N. E. Leghorn. 

Butifam, Capt, Minorca. Lon. 4* 13* W. Lat. 
39**48'N. 

Byaier, co. Pa. on the W. side of Alleghany riv- 
er, bounded N. by Venango, E. by Armstrong, S. 
by Alleghany, W. by Beaver, N. W. by Meroer. 
Pop. 1(^193; engaged in agriculture 3,038, in 
commerce!^ in manufiictnres 434. Chief t BuUer. 

BtUler, p-t. and cap. Butler oo. Pa. 40 m. N. 
Pittsburg. Pop. 697. 

BftOer, 00. Alabama. Pop. 1,405 ; slaves 569 ; 
engaged in agriculture 505, in commerce 1, in 
manufactures 7. 

Builer, ca Ken. Pop. 3,083 ; slaves 472 ; en- 
gaged in agriculture 374, in commerce 3, in man- 
v&tures 18. 

BiiOery CO. the S. W. part of Ohio, on Great Mi- 
ami river. Pop. 21,746 ; engaged in agriculture 
3,961, in commerce 59, in manufiu^tures 1,0^ 
County t. Hamilton. 

Butler^ t. Columbiana co. Ohio. Pop. 998. 
Another, Montgomery co. Ohio, on Miami river, 
7 m. N. Dayton. Pop. 1,646. Another, Darke 
CO. Pop.3£3. Another, Montgomery co. Pop. 
1,646. 

Bti/rtnto, s-p. En. Turkey, in Albania, opposite 
the island of Corfu. Lat. 39* 44' N. 

ButsehowiiM, t. Moravia, in Brunn. Pop. 1 ,800. 

BtUtenheim, v. Bavaria, 6 m. E. S. B. Bam- 



BuUer itUmd, Hancock co. Maine. Pop. 11. 

BuitemuU, p-t. Otsego co. N. Y. 21 m. S. W. 
Cooperstown. Pop. 3,601. 

BtUtertDorth, t Eng. in Lancashire, 2 m. from 
Roclidale. Pop. 4,872. 

BuiUvani, t Ireland, 21 m. N. Cork. 

Buithardj t Bavaria, 6 m. S. a W. Wurtz- 
burg. 



CAB 

Bvtion-J/eu, cape, Scotland. Lon. r4S'W. 
Lat 56*28' N. 

Button's lilandt, at the S. end of Hodsoo's 
ttraiU Lon. 65* lOT W. Lat 60* 18* to ST 
40" N. 

Buttooit district, Hind, in Oude, between 27 
tnd 28* N. lat 

BuUitadi, t Saze Wennar, 12 m. N. Weimv. 
Pop. 1,630. 

Buiibaehy t. Germany, 7 m. S. S. W. Giewo. 

Buitow, t. Germany, in Meeklenburg-Schwern, 
24 UL N. E. Schwerin. Lon. U* 55^ £. LsL Sf 
53" N. 

Buxar, t and fort. Hind, in Bahar, on the S. 
bank of the Ganges, 70 m. below Beuans. Loo. 
83° 68' E. Lat 25* 35' N. 

JBuzAefMi, V. Bavaria, 3 m. from Memmingo. 

BuxUhuie, t Hanover, on the Este, 16 m. W. 
8. W. Hamburgh. Pop. 1,843. 

Buxton, t. En^. in Derby, situated i& a nller 
surrounded by hiUs, celebrated for its minenl vi* 
ters. These prove efficacious in severtl com- 
plaints, and the town is on that aoeomit moeh re- 
sorted to by invalids. 33m.N.N. W.Derl)j,15d 
N. N.W.London. Pop. 934. 

Buxlon, p-t York CO. Maine, on Saoorifer,8]s. 
N. W. Saco, 40 N. York. Pop. 2,59a 

BuMoncoia, t Prance, in Indre, 14 n. N. W. 
Chateauroux. Pop. 3,199. 

BuMwano, Cape, on the S. E. coast of 5s]d0. 
Lon. 16* 34' E. Lat ST 57' N. 

BugMonPt bo^, on the 8. coast of Mats, eets ap 
between Seakonet point on the W. and KatU* 
hunk, one of the Elisabeth islands, on the E. It 
is 40 miles long by 7 wide, and ^>prosche8 within 
3^ miles of Barnstable bay. A canal to coooect 
them has long been in contemplation. SeeJfiu- 
aseAitteOf 6ay. 

Byberry, t. Philadelphia co. Pa. Pop. 87& 

Byerly. See Bitr^, Jforth. 

Bjf/SeU,pari8h,Essexco. Mass. partly in Rov1«t, 
and partly in Newbury. Pop. in 1810,755. Here 
Dummer Academy, well endowed, and ha?iD$ t n 
good library ; also an acadeiny in which yoao; 
ladies are taught the higher branches of edoca- 
ticm. 

Bygonbarry, t Bengal, on the W. side of the 
Brahmapootra. Lat. 24* 46* N. 

Byian. See Bailan, 

Byram, r. runs into Long-Island sound, between 
Connecticut and New- York. 

Byranii t Sussex co. N. J. Pop. 672. 

Byrd, t Cape Girardeau co. Missouri. 

Byron^ Cape^ on the E. coast of New HolM 
Lon- 153* 30nE. Lat. 28" 37' N. 

Byron'i Island, in the Pacific. Loa. 173" 16^ F- 
Lat 1* 18' S. 

Byron's Strait, divides New Ireland from Kew 
Hanover. 



C. 



CAAHAirA,CAPK, outho N. )V. coast of Ameri- 
ca. Lon.228*l7'E.Lat55*29'N. 
Cabarda, Se^Kabarda. 
Caiart/a,iaL off Jamaica. Lon. 76* 40^ W. Lat 

18* 24' N. 



Ca6arra«,ca in the W. part of N. C. Po^ 
7,248; slaves 1,599; engaged in ««wf5j 
2,029, incommen)e7,inmanulactareslt tom 
t Concord. 



CAB 

Cabeemdi Fidlr, t Pottagal, in Alentejo, 14 m. 
S. W. Portelgre. Pop. 1,600. 

Cadelh^ or CoKlh^ PmiOy •-p. Caiuccu, with 
■Jin excellent harbour and bay. It it on a penin- 
•^ula, SO m. W. Caraocaa. Lon. 68" 16' W. Lat. 
lO'id'N. Pop. 7,500. 

Cj6c«7, CO. Va. Pop. 4,789 ; slaves 392 ; enga- 
ztd in a^ricultiire 1^90, in cmnmeroe 7, inmanu- 
kcl'ir-^ 130. • 

Cubtil ^aHhoutty p-v. Cabell co. Vt« 

CobtUMmrg^ t. Amherst oo. Va. 

Cobrnda^ «.p. Africa, a little north of the Zaire, 
in Cacongo. Lon. IT W E. Lat 5"* 40^ S. 

Cabtt^ or Ga6ef , t. Tunis, at the bottom of the 
gulfotCabes. Lon. 10" 20* £. Lat 34'' N. 

Cabut an independent country of Soudan, or Ni- 
irito, iu Afhca. 

Ca6itiFpecii|,p-C Sniryco. Va. 

Cabo de CVicB, point on the S. fide of Cuba. LaL 
19*^ 4ir N. 

CabodeSi. Jiiofi, the N. £. point of Porto Rico. 
Ul 18* «4' N. 

Caba iRoBBO, cape on the W.coast of Africa. Lat 

CabUj p-t. Caledonia co. Vt 16 m. N. £. Mont- 
peber. Pop. 1,032. It is on the height of land be- 
tween the Connecticut and Lake Champlain. 

C4i6ra, tSpein, 25 m. S. £. Cordova. Pop. 6,000. 

Cabroj the port of Tombuctoo, Africa. 

Ca6r«a, one of the Balearic islands at the S. 
poiot of Majorca, a place of exile for criminals, 
ntli a fort and harbour. Lon. 3" £. Lat 39" 7'^. 

Cabrtni^ ial. off Sardinia. Lon. 9''2r £. Lat 
4r lo' N. 

Cabrcren^ t France, 13 m. £. N. £. Cahors. 

Cabrtm^ r. £. Africa, falls into the Manzora. 

Co^ri, t Persia, 40 m. S. W. Meschid. 

Cabrvn^ Cape, St Domin2;o. Lat 19'* 23' N. 

Cabul, Cmabul, or Cabulistan^ sometimes called 
Afghai^MUutyhi a country of Asia, bounded N. by 
lodefieodent TarUry, from which it is separated 
^•y the Hindoo Coosh and Parapomisan moun- 
tains : £. by Hindostan, from which it is separa- 
teJ by the bdus ; S. by Beloochistan : and W. by 
Fenia. Besides the country included within 
these boundaries, the province of Balk in Tartary, 
Cashmere and sever^ other countries on the east 
of the Indos, and a part of Beloochistan are in a 
rreaier or less di^grae dependent on the kin<^ of 
CsiboL In its greatest extent the kingUom stretches 
t>um24''io37*N. lat and from 60^ to 77'' £. Ion. 
Slid contains according to Haasel more than 800,000 
4)aare mDcs. TlieHindoo Coosh and Parapom- 
i*an raoantains run along the whole northern 
frontier. A branch of the Hindoo Coosh, called 
\h*i ridge of Solimaun, proceeds in a southerly di- 
rc<rtian and sinks mdually into the plains of 
^iCiie, at the mourn of the Indus. These two 
nnfes, with branches striking off from them, 
traverse nearly the whole kingdom, except the 
trscis near the southern and western frontiers 
which are occupied by yast plains and sandy des- 
ert!. The climate exhibits the most striking va- 
rieties, in ecmseqnenoe of the abruptness with 
which the mountain ranges often rise from the 
<lcep plains beneath. Afew hours journey car- 
ries the tiaveller from a place where snow neyer 
i^lii to another where it nerer melts. In some 
af (he plams persons are ahmn killed by the inten- 

!itj of the hot wind, while re^ona of eternal ioe 
^*e towerinc above. The soil it nearly as vari- 
^>Mi as the eUniata. In well watered plains of 
!a(4erate eleTrntioD, ai tboat «C Pariitwer and 

18 



C A C 



137 



Candahar, it is exceedingly fertile and produoea 
two crops in the year. The loftier part of the 
mountam chains is of course condemned to perpet- 
ual ruggedness and sterility, while in the level 
districts of the south and west extensive deserts 
are produced by the absence of water. Agricul- 
ture is followed with assiduity. The grand process 
upon which its success depends ia that of irriga- 
tion, which is practised in every part of the king- 
dom. Wheat and barley are the staple produc- 
tions. Fruits and vegetables of various kinds are 
also abundant The population of the kingdom 
and its dependent territories, according to £lphin* 
stone, is 14,000^000, of which number 4,300,000 
are Afghans, 1,400,000 Belooches, 1,200,000 Tar- 
tars, 1,600,000 Tadschiks and Parsees, and 
5,700/100 Hindoos. The Afghans are the ruling 
people, and the khan of their principal tribe is the 
king of the whole country. The govenmienty 
however, is by no means of that simple structure 
which is usual in Asiatic monarchies. Over the 
great towns, indeed, and the country in their*im- 
mediate vicinity, the authority of the sovereign is 
direct and almost supreme, but the rest of the na- 
tion is divided into tribes, each under its own 
khan, who is nearly independent Alliances are 
formed and wan carried on by the different tribea 
between themselves, without any concern or inter- 
ference of the sovereign. This form ci govern- 
ment keeps every part of the country in a state of 
continual tumult and ferment The army of the 
king is estimated at 150,000 or 900,000 men, prin- 
cipaJly cavalry, but his ability to raise this num- 
ber depends on the co-operation of the different 
tribes. 

Cabul^ a very ancient city, and cap. of CabuL 
It was long considered as the gate of Hindostan 
towards Tartary. It is the residence of the Ab- 
dally or Doorany monarch, and the centre of a 
consideraole commerce between Tartary and Hin- 
dostan. 176 m. N. £. Kandahar, Lon. 68*35' W. 
Lat 34' 30' N. Pop. 200,000. 

Cabifruhul- S. of Celebes. Lon. 121° 63^ £. Lat 
6' 18' S. 

CacabdoM^ t. Spain, in Leon, 40 m. N. W. Leon. 

Caecia^ Capcy Sardinia. Lon. 8" 19^ £. Lat 40* 
34' N. 

Caeeionui, t Sardinian States, 8 m. N. Biella. 

Coeettcs-p. Portugal. Lon. 7" 28' W. 

Caceras, t. Spanish Ji^stremadura, 30 m. S. E. 
Alcantara. Lon. 5» 50" W. Let 39" 18' N. Pop. 
8,000. 

Caeerei, t Mexico, 70 m. N. W. Vera Cntt. 

Caehan. See Caahan^ 

Caehaoy Kaehoy Keeho^ or Bae^ink, city, and 
cap. of Tonquin, on the W. side of the Songkoi, 
about 80 m. from the sea. It is a place of great 
commercial resort Gold, beautiful silks, and 
lackered ware are exported in large quantities. 
Both the £nglish and Dutch had commercial es- 
tablishments here, which have long since been 
withdrawn. Lon. 105* 15' £. Lat 22" 36' N. Pop. 
40,000. 

Caehao, t W. Africa, in Senegambia, on the coast, 
opposite the island of Bissao, on the river St. Do- 

EPop. 15,000, partly Portuguese and 
mestizoes and negroes. It belongs to the 
juese. 
Cadiary country, Asia, between Bengal and 
A va, bounded N. by Assam, and S. by Cassay. It 
was formerly independent, but since 1775 has been 
tributary to Birmah. 
CocAe, t. ArkansM Territory, on White river, 



188 



CAD 



ftO m. W. of the month of St. Fnncia river. Pep. 

Caekieyj p-v. Bath co. Va. 

Caewigo^ kingdom, W. Africa, bounded S. by 
the Zaire, which separates it from Congo, and N. 
by Loango. Malemba is the principal pork 

Cadakriy t. France, 19 m. N. N. W. Castrei. 

Caderuo^ one of the Laccadive islands. 

CadereUa, t. Mexico. Lon. 99^ 93^ W. Lat. fKf 
«4'N. 

Coder Idris^ mt. Wales, in Merionethshire. 

Caderauney t France, in Var, 3 m. W. Orange. 
Pop. 2,786. 

Cadiapaimn^ Pointy Hind. 18 m. N. W. Cape 
Comorin. 

Cadillae, t. France, on the Garonne, 18 m. 9. W. 
Bourdeauz. Pop. 1,296. 

Cadiay (an. OaUer and Oaidet,) city, Spain, 45 
m. N. W. Gibraltar, 60 S. W. Seville, ft stands 
on the island of Leon, at the extremity of a long 
tongae of land, projecting in a N. W. direction. 
The' town is walled and on three sides surroun- 
ded by the sea, whilst strong fortifications across 
the isthmus secure it from attack by land. The 
bay of Cadiz is a vast basin, inclosed between the 
oontinent and the projecting tongue of land, and 
it one of the finest bays in the world, being more 
than 30 miles in circumference, with excellent en- 
coring ground, while the neighbouring moun- 
tains protect it to a considerable extent from the 
winds. It is defended by four forts, and is the 
erand rendezvous of the Spanish navy. On an 
island in the bay there are twelve docks, and a 
mnd arsenal with ample supplies of naval stores. 
The streets are narrow, but clean, well paved, and 
well lighted. The town and the country seats in 
iti neighbourhood make a beautiful appearance 
from the harbor. The manufiictures of Cadiz are 
insignificant, but the conunerce is very ^t^nsive. 
It has long been the chief commercial town in Spain, 
and particularly the centre of trade with America 
and the West Indies. Large quantities of salt ure 
made in the neighbourhood for exportation. The 
population is estimated at 70,000 souls, many of 
whom are Irish, Italian, French, English, and 
Dutch. One of the great inconveniences in Cadiz 
is the want of good water. Lon. 6" 17' 22^ W. 
Lat.SrSS'N. 

Cotftz, p-t. and cap. Harrison co. Ohio, 25 m. 
W. Steubenville, 125 £. Columbus. Pop. 537, of 
the township 2,472. 

Caduiy SiraUi of^ is that part of the Atlantic 
which has the coasts of Algarve and Andaluiia on 
the N. those of Fez and Morocco on the S. and the 
straits of Gibraltar on the £. 

Corfe, r. Arkansas territory, one of the branches 
of Little Red river. 

Oute, t. Clark oo. Arkansas. Pop. 6 1 7. 

Codbre, t. Venetian Territory, in the district of 
Gadorin. It stands near the Piave, and carries 
OB a traffic in iron and timber 15 m. N. Belluno. 
Lob. 12*17 E. Lat46«25'N. 

Cadorin II Cadorino, a district in the Venetian 
territory, on the frontiers of Tyrol. Pop. 22,000. 

Cadoun^ t. France, 18 m. W. N. W. Toulouse. 

Cadnmj or ^iiodrttni^ p-t and cap. Pulaski co. 
Arkansas, laid out on a high and rocky spot on the 
N. side of the river ArkuisaS at the mouth of a 
SBiall creek of the same name, 150 m. by land from 
the town of Arkansas. Here is a convenient har- 
bor for boats. Pop. 717. 

Caiatmdy isl. in Flanders, foimed by the sea, 
tiift Wester Scheldt aad ether ri?«ri«Bd cbbbIs. 



C AF 

It is preserved from the eneroedmients of Om n 
by high dikes constructed at a vast eipsme. 

Coot, t France, cap. of Calvados, at the infloi 
of the Odon into the Ome. The town wu isf 
merly surrounded by a high walL It has long 
been noted for its university, founded in 1431 by 
Henry VI. of England. I'his university fell into 
neglect at the revolution; but was reviTsd is 
1803, with the title of an academy The mbabi. 
tants manufacture qtiantities of linen, lergei, ke, 
stockings and caps. Caen has always been ife. 
vorite retreat of the English. Pop. 36/100. 6! 
m. W. by S. Rouen, and 132 W. by N. of Pihi. 
Lon. 0*21' 38" W. Lat. 49» 1 V irW. 

CaerUon, t Eng. in Monmouth, ontheUfk04S 
m. W.London. Lon. 3" 21' W. Latsrsn?. 

Caermarthen, co. Wales, bounded N. bj Cardi- 
san, £. by Brecknock, and Glamorgan, B. by 
Bristol channel, and W. by Pembroke. It cos- 
Uins 926 sq. miles or 590,640 acres, 2^000 oi 
which are in pasturage, 114,000 m tilhi^ iod 
the remainder unfit for cultivation. Pop. 77417. 
Families 16,083, of which number 9,878 ve oc- 
cupied in agriculture, and 5,256 in trsdeaDdnum- 
ufiictures. 

Caermariken^ t. S. Wales, cap. of Csermarthfl! 
CO. on the Towy, 10 m. from its mouth. Veedi 
of 300 tons can come up to the quay. The chiet' 
manufactures are tin plate and iron. Pop. 7^5. 
45 m. W. Brecon. Lon. 4» 22' W. U. 5? 
14' N. 

Caernarvon^ co. N. Wales, bounded N. br th^ 
sea, £. by Denbighshire, S. by Merioneth and the 
sea, W. by the Irish sea and the itiait of Mnai 
It contains 775 square miles. Pop. 49,396. Fami- 
lies 10,187, of which 6,677 were engsgod in <^> 
culture, and 2,667 in trade and manufaetiucs. 

Caernarvon^ t N. Wales, cap. of CaeniBrTci& 
CO. is on the shore of the strait of Meosi. Con- 
siderable trade is carried on with London, Bristol, 
Liverpool, and Ireland. Copper ore sod slater 
are exported, as also flannel and stockings, d s. 
S. W. Bangor. Lon. 4" 30' W. Lat SST 6' N. 

Caemarvouy t Berks co. Pa. Vop. 899. 

Caernarvon^ or Earl^ p-t Lancaster co.Ps.52 
m. fr. Harrisburr. Pop. 1,412. 

CaerphiUy^ t Wales, in Glamorgan, 30 m. S 
W. Monmouth. 

Caenoeniy v. £ng. in Monmouth, 17 m. N. ^ 
Bristol. 

Caervyt^ t. Wales, 5 m. W. Flint 

Cosiorea. See JTatforseA. 

Cosforea rti«er. See Cokanne eredt. 

Coior't eretkj t. Green oo. Ohio. Pop. Iil31. 

Cafe, or Kaffoj t Ea. Russia, in the Crime 
hs harbor is capacious, but shallow. It was de- 
clared in 1798 a free port for 30 yeare,snd is ww 
the principal commercial town in thepenin'u)^' 
Its trade consists prineipally in stuffs oiF Torkah 
manuftM^are, and in wine, rice, and cofte. The 
strait of Cafla, otherwise called the CiBUMr"^ 
Bosphorus or the strait of Jenicale, is s nirrov 
channel that Joins the sea of Asophto the BhcK 
sea. Lon.35M«'45"£. Lat 45* 6* 30^ N. Pop 
80,000. 

Onjfrioy or Kajftwria^ territory, Sonth Kirn, 
eactending along the coast in a N. E. diredwo 
lh>m the Great Fish rrrer ^ich separates it from 
the colony of the Cape of Good Hope, totheKey> 
river, which divides it from the country of U»« 
Tambookies. The name, however, is sometiine? 
applied to all that part of Soutii Africa whidiw 
nothwhidediM theec^eoy of the Cape ef Gooo 



C AH 

Hope; UMtribM wkiod inhabit this eoontry, 90 
lar aa fnrcypeuis are acquaintad with tham, being 
moaily ol* KMtttr origfin. The i>riDcipal tribes 
kaown to Europeans in Cafiraria taken in its 
JAigcst sense, are the Kafiers, Boshuanas, Dama- 
ns and Twnbookies. The Ki^ert^ or inhabitants 
oi' Cai&mria proper, differ in every respect from 
ihe bordAring laoe of Hottentots. There is not 
p^rfatafw in uSt world a finer raoe^ of men as to ex- 
[fraal figpue; they are tall, robust, mnscnlar adH 
.iindsome. Thoi^ black, or very nearly so, 
ihey have not a line of the Afrioan negro, either in 
the- ir countenanoe or persons. They are more ad- 
dictedto agricoltore than the Hottentots, but pas- 
1:1 ra^ ia the ^yoorite and general oocapation. 
Their geoaial habits are peaceable, bat with the 
4Ta^ Boejesmans they are fireqnently at war. 
TKey have had occasional contests with the colo- 
nists, bat the blame is said commonly to have been 
with the latter ; and when victors, they have nev- 
er be«B gvilty of any cruelty. European mari- 
scrs shipwrecked upon their coast have been 
treated with the greatest humanity. 

Caffre Taunt^ v. on the E. branch of the Nile, 
7 m. S. W. DamietU. 

Ca^riaittn, or KtUfe^ country of Asia, between 
^-^andST^N. latand 69^ and 73" E Ion. bound- 
ea N. by BadaUishan, W. by Bulkh, S. by Af- 
{rhanistan, and £. by Little Thibet It is compo- 
sed of snowy mountahis, deep pine forests, and 
fmallbitt fertile vallies. 

Cvifayafi &iIm, isl. in the Eastern seas. Lon. 

iia'arE. LaL rN. 

Cagfi, t. u the States of the Church, 20 m. S. 
Urbino. Pop. 2^0001 

CagiuLt O^e, See Makfon Cape. 

CagHBorij capw of Sardinia, in the gulf of Cag- 
liari. It is the residence of the viceroy of Sar- 
dinia, and fhe seat of a royal audience, a chance- 
ry, aa intendant, an archbishop, and an universi- 
ty. The harboar is spacious and secure. The 
lahabitaBfts carry on a considerable trafiic in salt, 
oil, and wine. Lon. r 5' 45" E. LatSTlS'Q^ 
!f. Fop. about 30,00a 

C^iiafia,t. Corsica, 14 ra. N. Bastja. 

Cagnoiie^ t. Lombardy, 15 m. S. S. W. Brescia. 

Cigjiei^ t France, in Var, 6 ra. W. Nice. 

Cdgwoa, t New Grenada, on the Magdalena, 
105 m. 8. Santa Fe de Bogota. Lat T 40* N. 

Csigiirna, t. Spain, in Navarre, 18 m. N. W. 
CalahiorTa. 

CtJimbon^t Mexico, 25 m. W. Vera Pte. 

CaAatf6a, fCakawba^ or Cede, r. Alabama, after 
a southerly coarse, joins the Alabama, 160 m. be- 
low its forio the Coosa and Tallapoosa; and 210 
above its junction with the Tombigbee. 

CoAostto, 00. Alabama, now Bibb. 

Cakamha^ t. and cap. Dallas co. Alabama, and 
«at of government of the state, on a high bluff 
at the junction of Cahawba river with the Alaba- 
ma, 77 m. N. £. St Stephens. It was laid out in 
1813. Here is a printing press from which a 
newspaper is issued. 

Cahoida^ r. Illinois, runs into the Mississippi, 5 
m. l>elow St Louis. 

CtfAoftia, p-t. and cap. St Clair 00. Illinois, on 
the Mississippi, 5 m. below St Louis, 52 N. W. 
Kaskaakia. It contains about 100 dwelling-hou- 
•es, a court house, jail, and Roman Catholic chap- 
el Hie itduibitsuits are mostly French. 

CahomftdiB^ in Mohawk river, 3 m. above its 
moo^ The river here is about 1000 ftet wide ; 
the rode over which it poun^ extends across the 



C A I 



lS9 



river obliquely fifom S. W. to N. £. tad is 70 IM 

high. From the bridge } of a mile below, the 
falls are in full view. 

Cahoit^ t France, cap. of the dep. of the Lot« 
on the Lot In the adjoining country is raised the 
famous red wine, which is exported by Bourdeaux 
to England and Holland. 63 m. N. Toulouse, 100 
E. Bourdeaux. Lon. 1" 27'17''E. Lat 440 26' 
69^ N. ' Fop. 10,136. 

Cajartj t France, in Lot, 16 m. E. Cahors. Pop. 
1^11. ^ 

CqfanOf or GojoMao^ t Naples, 25 m. N. £. Na- 
ples Pop. 2,765. 

Cat6ar. See Khaibar. 

Coieos, cluster of islands between St. Domingo 
and the Bahamas. The largest called the Grand 
Caico, is due north from St Domingo. Lat 21^ 
N. Pop. 950. 

Caifa, or Hin/o, s-p. Palestine, 13 m. S. W. 
Acre. Lon35°]0'E. Lat 32° 44' N. 

Caiiaekj Point, cape, Scotland, on the N. W. 
coast of the county of Ross, 7 m. E. Udr%il Head. 

CaiUomOy t Peru, near some rich silver mines, 
46 m. N. N. E. Arequipa, 140 S. Cuzco. 

CaiUp, t France, 10 m. N. N. E. Rouen. 

Cdtmofu, or Caymam^S small islands, 55 leaguis 
N. N. W. Jamaica. Great Cayman lies in Jon» 
8r33'W. kit 19°15'N. 

Ciiifmlei,'3 islands near the W. coast of His* 
paniola. 

Ca-/ra, p-v. Cumberland 00. Va. 

Caimgormj mountain, Sootland, between tfa* 
counties of Banff and Inverness ; celebrated f<|r 
the crystals found on it, called cairngorms. 30 m. 
E, Fort Augustus. 

Cairo, or Kahirahy the metropolis of Egypt, and 
the centre of its commerce, stands near uie east 
bank of the Nile, with which it is connected by a 
caaaL Loa 3r 19* 43^' E. Lat 30" 2' N. The 
streets are winding and narrow, and are not pa- 
ved. Contrary to the general custom of the eiist» 
the houses have two or three stories, over which 
is a terrace of stone or tiles. They have the air 
of prisons ; for they have no light from the street, 
and it is extremely dangerous to have many win- 
dows in such a coimtry. The ^di^ices on which 
architectural ornament have been chiefly bestow- 
ed, are the mosques, of which the city contaioft 
300, and the tombs of the mamelukes. 

The castle of Cairo is built on a hill to the south 
of the city; but this hill being coxnmanded by one 
adjoining is of no value as a fortification. From 
the top of it however, there is a most delightful 
prospect of Cairo, the Pyramids, and all the sur^ 
rounding country. The well in the castle, com- 
monly called Joseph's Well, is about 270 feet 
deep in the solid rock ; and there is a passage 
down by steps carried round the well. 

The commerce of Cairo is very extenrive. 
Through it the various productions of Asia and 
the East Indies, and partly also those of Europe, 
are transmitted into the vast regions of interior 
Africa. The communication with the interior of 
Africa is chiefly maintained by three caravans, 
which go to Sennaar, to Darfur, and to Mounouk. 
The returns are made in gold, ivory, senna, ^m9, 
hides, and above all in slaves. Specimens of al- 
most all the native tribes of the continent, are to 
be seen in the slave market at Cairo. The trade 
witii Europe is carried on wholly by the channel 
of Alexandria. Pop. 300,000. 

Cairo, OH, city, Egypt, called anciently Fosfat, 
OD tlieNile^ about two miles S. of New or Great 



146 



C A L 



Cairo. It 11 JB agreat mMsure iahabilMi by Copts, 
uidiB the residraoe of the patriarch of the Coptio 
chnn^. 

Cotra, t Piedmont, in the dutehj of McmtfeiTBt, 
on the fionnida, 18 m. S. Aoqui. Pop. 4^000. 

Gstiv, formerly Canlonj p-t Greene co. N.T. 
10m.N.W.CatdDll. Pop. 2,353. 

Cairo^ t. Alexander co. Ulinois, at the jmiction 
of the Ohio with the Mitsiauppi, 80 m. 8. Ka8ka»- 



Cotre, or Craigfort^ p-t Sumner oo. Ten. dn 
Cumberland river, 30 m. above NaahviUe. 

Cotroon. See JSTatnoon. 

Cainm, See Caroon. 

Cotftnett, county in the N. of Scotland, boun- 
ded N. by Pentland frith, £. by Murray frith and 
the German ocean ; S. and W. by the county of 
Sutherland. It containi 618 square miles. Pop. 
33,419. Familiet 4,714, of which number 3,270 
were engaged in agnculture, 838 in manufactures 
andtrBii&. 

Cfltt^neit, Ord of, cape, on the E. coast of Soot- 
land. Lon. y 13' W. Lat 58» 12' N. 

Cofe/f, or fiouro, t. eap. of the island of Bouro, 
in a bay on the N. £. coast. Lon. m"* SO' £. Lat. 

y»s.- 

Caiaai el Aeaba, See Aceaba. 

Caiaai Erroaii^ fort, Syria, 50 m. N. Aleppo. 

Ca/ooi d MmiaK, fort, Arabia Petraea, on the Red 
Sea. LatartO'N. 

Calabar^ OUL, territory, W. Africa, on Calabar 
river. Its principal place Duke Town, is in about 
rE.lon.S"40'N.lat 

Calabar^ ^eWi river and town, about 80 m. W. 
Old Calabar. 

CoIoMmo, t. Venezuela, 156 m. S. Canocas. Lat 
r34'N. Pop. 4,800. 

Calabria^ a province in the kingdom of Naples, 
separated from Sicily by the strait of Messina, and 
bounded N. £. by the gulf of Taranto, £. S. and 
W. by the Mediterranean. A branch of the Ap- 
penines crosses the province, dividing it intoCaJa* 
bria Citra on the N. and Calabria Ultra on the 
8. Both divisions are extremely fertile, and pro- 
duce great quantities of fruit, oil, wine, grain, 
rice, hemp, cottqn, flax, wood, safiron, and manna. 
Pop. about 760,000, of which number Calabria 
Citra contains 341,000, and Calabria Ultra 
419,00a 

Calagnuhra, isl. near Sardinia. Lon. 8^ 57' E. 
Lat. 40^ 25' N. 

Caiakorra^ t Spain, in Soria, near the Ebro, 62 
m.N. W. Saragossa. Lon. 2" 6* W. Lat 42* 16'N. 
Pop. 7,200. 

Co/ats, s-p. France, in Pas^de-Calais, opposite 
Dover. It is surrounded with k moat and wall, 
and defended by a very large citsdri. It has an 
easy communication by means of a canal with St 
Omer, Gravelines Andres, Bourbourg, and Dun- 
kirk. The harbor is not large, and is too much 
obstructed with sand to admit large vessels or 
even common merchantmen, except at high water. 
The inhabitants derive their principal support 
from the intercourse with £nfland. 20m. N. £. 
Boulogne, 25 S.W. Dunkirk. Lat 50°6r N. Pop. 
6,986. 

Calaitj p-t Washins;ton co. Maine, on St Croix 
river, just belpw the falls, 30 m. N. W. £astport 
The river is navigable to this place for sea venels. 
The saw mills at the falls are amouff the most ex- 
tensive in the state ; the whole number of saws is 
about 30. A bridga is in contemplation to connect 



C A L 

this town with St Stephens on tfaeBritiAsideof 
the river. Pop. 418. 

Go^atf , p-t Washington oo.Vt 9 m. N. £. Moot. 
pelier. Pop. 1,111. 

CalaUeoy t Lancaster co. Pa. Pop. 4,590. 

Ca&OTMlo, (the ancient T^eramene) t Tu Aej, 
in the Morea, on the river Spinana. Loo. ^ 1 
Ut7yiO'N. 

Ca/amtofiec, a group of islands in the essten 
teas. Lon. 120" 20^ £. Lat. 12* N. 

CdUanon, anciently Cotonos, t on the coutoT 
Syria, 10 m. S. Tripoli. 

Calanaret district. Hind, in Lahore, between 31' 
and32° N. lat Caianare, the capital, it 70 m. L 
Lahore. Lon.75*'£. Lat 3^51' N. 

OdaUigironei t Sicily, 30 m. S. W. Catsma,37 
N. W. Syracuse. Pop. 12,500. 

Calatauudf t Spain, in Arragon, on the Xtlon. 
37 m.S.W. Saragossa. Lon. 1*33' W. UL4r 
28'N. Pop. 9,000. 

Cololraea, t Spain, in New Castile, on the Gut- 
diana, 12 m. N. E. Ciudad Real. 

Caiaur Itlanii^ in the Eastern seas, Los. \tV 
£. Lat6'50'a 

Calaifan, the most northerly of the Babojaos 
islands. Lon. 121** 30^ £. Lat 19^ 28' N. 

Caibuco^ t Island of Chiloe, in Chili. 

Calear^ t Prussian states, in the grand datchv of 
the Lower Rhine, 6 m. S. £. Cleves. 

Caicatiu^ r. Louisiana, empties into tbe ^If of 
Mexico, £. of the Sabine. Before enteriof the 
gulf it spreads out into a broad lake, and tbenon- 
tracts again into a narrow river* 

Calca y Lares^ or Galea and Lorei, prorioce of 
Peru, bounded S. by Quispicanchi, E. by^Paacar- 
tambo, S. W. by Cuxco, W. by Abancay, N. and 
N. £. by the Andes. Pop. 10,000. It is watered 
by the Vilcomayo. 

CtUekaguay^ province, Chili, between the riren 
Cachapool and Teno, and between the Axxles aod 
the sea. St Ferdinando is the capital. 

Caleinaio^ t Austria, in Milan, on the Chieae, 10 
m. £. Brescia. Pop. 3,000. 

CalnOim city, Bengal, and capital of all the 
British possessions in Hindostan, stands oo the £. 
bank of Bhagirutti or Hoogly river, about 100 
miles from the sea. Opposite to the town there s 
good anchorage for ships of 500 tons burden, bat 
larger vessels are obliged to stop at Diamoodbtf- 
bor, about 50 miles down the river. Fort Wil- 
liam stands on the side of the Ganges, and com- 
mands the river. It is so extensive as to require 
incase of a siege a garrison of 10,000 or IbjW 
men. 

Calcutta is inhabited by merchants of all oous- 
triesof the world, and by 500,000 natives. Thehow- 
es belonging to the £nglish, are well built of bntfj 
and many m them more resemble tbe palsces ot 
monarchs than the houses of merchants. The bal>- 
itations of the natives are in general of one itory. 
and built of earth. This city is the grand empo- 
rium of the east. Its commerce u very exten- 
sive in sugar, salt opium, silks, muslins, oslKoes, 
&c; the value of iriiich is nearly lOmilUom per 
annum. . 

It is the seat of the metropoUtan, who, onder 
the tiUe of bishop of Calcutta, has the aupeno- 
tendance of all the ecclesiastical affairs of luait- 
An insUtution caUed the Asiatic Society was e«- 
tablished here by Sir WiUiam Jones, and a co^ege 
founded at Fort William by the Marquis Wsil»- 
ley, in which an profesiars of £i>gliih» Mabome- 



C A L 

tiuA tnd Hindoo lawa, hktorj, geognphy, nator- 
«i historr, ftc In 1816 a college was established 
by the H^idoos for the instroction of their sons in 
the Ea^^Lsh and Indian langaages, and in the lit- 
eratnre and tcieoce of Europe and Asia. This 
institation was projected and is superintended 
and supported by the Hindoos themselTes. More 
recently stilly a Mission college has been estab- 
lished under the direction of the bishop of Cal- 
cutta, which has been generously endowed with 
UGoiU. hj three religious charitable societies in 
Great Britain. One principal object of the inis- 
sioa college is to prepare the natives, and others 
to become preechera, catechists, and schoolmas- 
ters. The Baptists and several other dencnnina- 
tions have miseionaries in this city. The envi- 
rons of CaJcutta are occupied by gardens and 
country houses, many of which are pleasantly 
situated. In 1802, the population was estimated 
at oOOfiOO, and within a circuit of 90 miles, at 
t^SDfiOa. Lon.SrSS'E. Lat22"34'N. 

CaUoM, t. Portugal, 10 m. £. Peniche. 

C4ikiat de GerOy v. Portugal, 3 m. fr. Monta- 
legre. 

C4Uda» de Monbvof^ t. Spain, in Catalonia, cele- 
brated far its hot mineral waters. 15 m. N. Bar- 
celona. 

CaJtferv r. Eng. runs into the Aire. 

CiUder^Mid, v. ScoUand, 12 m. W. Edinburgh. 

CaUerOn s-p. Chili, 10 m. N. Copiapo. 

Ca^eroia^ U SUtes of the Church, 20 m. W. 
FeoBA. 

CaUeronA, or GvadursgnHta^ 3 small islands in 
the Mediterranean, about 35 m. S. Candia. 

CaUierOy v. Italy, 9 m. S. £. Verona. 

Cff/rfmeff, p>t. and cap Warren co. N. T. on lake 
George, 62 m. N. Albany. Pop. 723. The oldFori 
George is in this township. 

CaUweUy t. Essex co. N. J. adjoining Newark on 
theX. W. Pop. 2,020. 

CaMwdi^co. Ky. Pop. 9,022; slaves, 1^444; en- 
gaged in agriculture 2^225, in commerce 16, in 
manuiactares 39. 

CaidtnWf^rridge^ p-v. Franklin co. Ten. 

Co/Iedon, a missionary station of the London So- 
ciety, in the colony of the Cape of Good Hope, 150 
a. E. Cape-town. 

Cs^edon Bau, New Holland. Lon. 136^ 35' E. 
Utl2»4ra 

Caledonia^ port, on the isthmus of Oarien. Lon. 
rrx^W. Lat.8»30'N. 

Caledofda^Jfew^ isl. S. Pacific ocean, 240 miles 
loog. The inhabitants are cannibals. Lon. 163^ 
3Tto lff?«14'E. Ut 19" 37' to 22* 30' S. 

Caledama, co. Vt. bounded N. l^ Essex co. E. 
by Connecticut river, S. by Orange co. W. by 
Washii^on and Orleans counties. Chief towns, 
Danville and Peacham. Pop. 16,669; engaged in 
s^icolture 2,930, in commerce 53, in manuiac- 
tores 387. It is watered by the Pasnmpsic, Onion 
and Lamoil rivers. 

Caledonia^ p-t. Genesee oo. N. T. on Genesee 
nver, 31 m. W. Canandaigua, 17 N. E. Batavia, 

chiefiy settled by emigrants from Scotland. Pop. 

^645. The Big Springi here, are a curiosity. 

iWy discharge water enough at all seasons to 

*ttpply numerous mills. In tnis town gypsum is 

iilMiDdant. There is here a large moimd cal- 
led Bone HiU^ principally composed of human 

boDes. 
Caledonia, v. Washington oo. Missouri. 
Odedoniim vanal^ Scotland, extends from Loch 
Lochy to Lodi Oi^ and completes a oav^gable 



C A]L. 



141 



enmmnnifiatioD across the northem part of the 
country. 

CaUdrnwrnStai that part of the Atlantic ocean, 
which extends from the Hebrides and Scotland ta 
Ireland. 

CaieUa, t. Spain, in Catalonia, on the coast 
Pop. 2,400. 

CakmUk^ Bigy and LiitUj 2 small rivers, whidi 
empty into Lake Michigan, at its southern bend. 

Calenbergy a principality in the southern part of 
the kingdom of Hanover. Hanover and Hameln 
are the chief towns. Pop. 141,500. 

Caiqnoy L Lombardy, 12. m. E. Bergamo. 

Calfypattttrey or Jfairth Birer^ Va. runs into 
James nver, at its passage throu^ the Blue ridge. 
It is one third as large as the mam stream. 

Calhmm, t. Tennessee, on the N. side of the 
Hiwassee, directly opposite the Cherokee Agency. 

Caihueo, t on the coast of ChilL Lat. 4T 
40'S. 

Caii, or Santiago de CoH^ city, New Grenada, on 
the Cauca,67m. fr. Popayan,74fr. the port of Buen- 
aventura. Lon. 76" 23' W. Lat.^ 24' S. 

CaHeOy r. Turkey, runs into the gulf of Salo- 
niki. 

Ca/«;u/,district, Hind, on the Malabar coast. It 
was ceded to Great Britain in 1792. Calicut, the 
capital, is 95 m. S. W. Seringapatam. Lon. 75* 
SO'E. Utiri5'N. 

Co/ft/orma, 0/tf , a province of Mexico. It is a 
peninsula, extending from the bay of All-Saints 
in lat 2a^ tocape St Lucas in lat 22^48' N.and 
bounded N. by New California, £. by the gulf of 
California, and W. by the Pacific. A r^e of 
mountains runs through the centre of the penmsu- 
la. The soil is generally barren. The Jesuits 
made the first establishments here in 1742. Since 
their expulsion, the Dominican monks of the city 
of Mexico have had chai^ of the missions. The 
country contains 55,000 square miles, but in 1808 
only 9g00O inhabitants. Ilie population has much 
diminished within the last 40 years, owing to the 
ravages of the smoll-pox. 

CaHfomia^ JVew, a province of Mexico, which 
extends from the isthmus of Old California, or the 
bay of Todos Santos, to Cape Mendocino, in N. 
lat 40"* 19^. It is a narrow tract of country, 600 
miles long and contains 16^000 square miles. The 
soil is as well watered and fertile, as that of Old 
California is arid and stony. The climate is more 
mild than in the same latitude on the eastern coast. 
Good wine is now made in most of the villages 
established by the Spaniards along the coast S. and 
N. of Monterey, to beyond 37^ N. lat The Eu- 
ropean olive is also successfully cultivated in sev- 
eral of the settlements. The country abounds in 
&h and game of every description : h&res, rabbits 
and stags are very conmion ; seals and otters are 
also found in prodigious numbers. There are 1 8 
missionary settlements, formed by the Spaniards 
on the coast, which, within a few years, have made 
great progress in population. Including the In- 
dians who were settled and had begun to cultivate 
the fields, the population in 1790 was 7,7 48, and 
in 1802, 16,562, of whom 1,300 were whites, mes- 
tizoes, and mulattoes. 

Ca^,t Spain, in Valencia. Pop. 2,385. Lon. 
0P4TE. Lat4a'28'N. 

CaHmene^ ist in the Grecian ardiipelago. Loa 
96"44'E. Lat3r7*'2'N. 

CaUnaeron^ cape, in the Black sea, 20 m. EI. 
Constantinople. 

Ca/sn£«||Ntfam, tHiiid.onthesM coaity 12iii. 



142 



C AL 



CN. E. Cioaoo1«, 70 N. E. SeringftpataoL Lou. 
84M5'£. Lat.l8*25'N. 

Cmliptnriy r. Naples, rum into the rolf of Sqail- 
laoe. Loii.t6*6(y£. Lat 38*33' N. 

Caliiri^ t Naples^ in Principato Ultra, 33 m. E. 
8. £. Benevento. P(^. 4,5sa 

Calix^ r. Sweden, runs into the golf of Bothnia, 
SO ra. W. Tomea. 

CaUaboik Boy, on the 8. coast of Jamaica. Lon. 
TTtS'E. LatirsS'N. 

CaUaCf t. France, 15 m. S. W. Gningamp. 

CaUtuhanU^ p-v. Bath co. Va. 

CaUtJi. SeeOtUah, 

Cailahj elt L Alg^iers. It contains an eztensiTe 
mannActory of carpets and bnmooses. 40 m. £. 
Oran. 

CMtnder^ y. Scotland, in Perthshire, on the 
Teth, 61 m. W. Edmbui]g;h. 

CoUand's ilore, p-v. PtttsylTania co. Pa. 

CaUaot 8-pb Peru, on a low flat point of land, at 
the mouth of a small rirer of the same name. It 
is the port of Lima, from which city it is 2 
leagues distant, and is one of the most safe and 
commodionson the coast of the Pacific ocean, and 
is defended by numerous batteries. It is the ren- 
desTous of about 17^000 tons of shipping, employ* 
ed in commerce with the other provinces of South 
America, and with Europe. The houses are een- 
erally built of slight materials on account of the 
fre(|uent earthquakes, the most remarkable of 
which happehed in 1746, when three-fourths of 
Lima was laid in ruins, and Callao was entirely 
demolished, only 900 of the inhabitants escaping 
Ihe general destruction. Pop^ about 5^000. Lon. 

7r4'w. Lat Ira's. 

Cattoo, or Csmoelto, isl. 8 m. from the coast of 
Cochin^hina. Lon. 106" 30^ E. Lat Id'^SS' N. 

Cailas^ t France, 5 m. N. E. Drag[uignam. 

CalU fo, fort on the coast of Algiero, formerly 
the principal factory of the French African com- 
pany. 75 m. W. Tunis. 

Callenberg, v. Saxony, 48 m. W. S.W. Dresden. 

Cailian^ t France, in Var, 56 m. N. E. Tou- 
louse. Pop. 1,823. 

CalUan. See GaUian, 

CaUianee^ t Hind. 65 m. W. Boeder. Lon. 77'' 
33' E. Lat \r ay N. 

CaUiano^ t Sardinia, in Montserrat. Pop. 2,340. 

Caltianpour^ t Hind, on the sea coast, 36 ul N. 
by W. Mangalore. Lat. 1^ 18* N. 

Cailiaqtu^ t. and harbor at the 8. W. end of St 
Vincent 

CaUigcngy district of Bengal, between 24* and 
SS^'N. latand88^and89°£.lon. Its chief town 
b Doolabary. 

CaUinger, district of Allahabad, in Hind, be* 
tween 24" and 26* N. lat bounded N. by the rirer 
Jumna, and W. by Chatterpore. In 1803, it was 
ceded by the M ahrattas to the British. Callineer, 
the capital is a strong and rery celebrated fert 
Lon.80^22'E. Lat24*58'N. 

CaiHngtanf t Eng. in Cornwall, 10 m. 8. Laun* 
eestott. 

CaaUmdrogJart, Hind. 44 m. 8. by E. Bellary. 
Lat 14*30rN. 

Cabnue. SeeKalmue, 

Cabnar, 1 8weden,on Calmer sound, in the Bal- 
tic, 7 m. from the island of Oland, which lies di- 
Nt^y opposite. On the side next the harbour it 
is surrounded with double walls and ditdies, and 
entside the town, on the Sound, stands the castle 
ef Calmer, which is deemed one of the strongest 
pla0es.iii8weABft. The harbeor li fliafl, but le- 



Cam 

The eommerDe of the town was fermeriy 
very considerable, but a great part of it hsa beeo 
transferred to Stockholm. Pop.4j000. 150 olN. 
E. Copenhagen, 190 S. S. W. Stockhdm. Loa 16* 
26'E. Ut 56*40' SOT' N. 

Calmuuh large t Dahomy, in Allies. Popi 
15,000. 

CoMe, t Eng. in WUtshire, 19 m. E. Bath. Poa 
3.457. 

Ca/n, £asl, Chester CO. Pa. Pop. 1,161 Ctk, 
^ivl, adjoining it Pop. 1,182. 

Caloiera^ or Calogtrm^ isL in the Arcfatpehgo, 
15 m. S. Andros. 

Colo Limno^ isL in the Propontis, aneicDUy 
called BetMna. Lon. 28* 31' E. Ut4(r21'N. 

Ce/oiiiie, t Hind, in Dowlatabad. Loo. 75* 28* 
£.Latl8*42'N. 

Caioum^ district, Hind, about 32* N. lat boon* 
ded N. by Kaugrah, E, by Besseer, S. by Nihn. 
and W. by the Punjab. Its capital isBeDupore. 

Colpe, t Spaiui on the ooast of Valencia. Ut. 



.Vitoe, 

37 N. 



38* 

Ca^fteniem^ fort and large natrms Tillage, od ttv 
W. coast of Ceylon, 90 m. N. Colombo, 100 S. 
Jaifiia. It is a station of the Church MinioDiry 
Society. Lon. 79* SO' E. Lat8*20rN. 

Ca^t t Hind, in Agra, on the Jumna. Itisi 
place of considerable trade, and the entrepot for 
the transportation of cottm from the wsstero snd 
southern provinces into the British teni(orie$. 
Lon.79*48rE. Lat26*l<rN. 

CaUurOy v. and fort on the W. coast of Ci^ioo, 
28 m. S. Colombo. The Wesleyaa Methodbt} 
have schools here in which more than 500 chil- 
dren receive instruction. 

Cabfodoi^ rocks on the N. coast of Korasulf. 
Ut49*22'N. 

Cahadoi^ a department of France, boooded t 
by Euro, S. by Orae, W. by La Maaehe, and N. 
by the English channel Sq. miles 2,^ f^ 
605,500. 

aa0er,t Eqg. Derby oo. 10m. fromCbeffff- 
field. 

CtOverieighy t Eng. in Yorkshire, 4 blN.E. 
Bradford. 

Caherij oo. Md. on the W. shoreof the Ch» 
apeake, bounded N. by Anne-Amndel ca S. W. 
by St Mary's co. W. by Prince Georige co. Pojfc 
Bfi^S ; slaves 3,668 ; engaged in agricotture 3,919, 
in commerce 7 1 , in manufiM:tures 165. Chief town, 
Prince Frederick. 

Co/rt, fortified t. Corsica, 38 m. W. & W. B»j- 
tia. Pop. 1,162. 

Co/m, t Naples, 7 m. Ff. Capua. 

Cafc?tfafio, t lUly, 12 m. S. 8. E. Brescia. 

Co/ruson, t France, in Card, 9 m. &W. NisiwJ- 
Pop. 2,400. 

Cairuraano, large v. near Naples. Pop. 2,207. 

Cakmoy r. Africa, falls into the Atlantic about 
60 m. N. Sierra Leone. 

CalumoMee^ r. Michigan, runs into Lake Mkhi- 
gan, N. of Black river. 

Calumeif t Pike co. Missouri. 

Calvordej t Germany, in Brunswick, 21 d- ^' 
W.Magdeburg. 

Cahuo, t Piedmont, 5 m. N. Chivalso. 

C«/w, or Calbe, t Wirtembcrg, 16 m. W. S. W. 
Stutgard. Lon.8*50rE. Lat48*4r N. Pop 33^6; 

Cahmere, the 8. point of the Caraatic Loo. <9 

66' E. Lat 10*23- N. ^^, 

Cfltoaio, t Spain, in Old Castile, 40 m. W. Cal- 

ahorra. . ... 

Cmny r. Eng. is fcraed by the «u» * ** 



CAM 

Rkeetndihe Granta dmut Cambridge, and lilla 
into tbtOme aracHigthe Fern. 

Ctmy r. Eiig:. raoa into the Severn, 6 m. N. N. 
E. Berkley. 

Omarmiy isL in ttie Red lea, off Cape Israol, en 
Uwcout of Arabia. Lat.l5*'e'N. 

CmaroRo, r. Sicily, nms into the aea on the S. 
rtast Lon.l3*38r£. 

Camartl^ t-p. France, 8 m. S. Brest. 

Comeref, v. Fnnce, in Vaadnie, 4 m. N. E. 
Orai^ Pop.S,036. 

CMMfnit, a cliuter of islands, France, in the 
muath of the Rhone, separated from each other by 



CAM 



143 



Csmertnet, the most southern province of La* 
eotL, one of the Philippine islands. 

Comcroiit Capt^ on the coast of Honduras. Lon, 
M''54'W. Lat IS^aON. 

CMUTMia, r. W. Africa. Its mouth is in lat 3* 

sea 

Camannu^ r. Patagonia. Its mouth is in lat 
44^45^8. 

Cambaly mountainoos and fertile district at the 
S. extremity of Abysainia. 

Cmbmf^ t Hind, in Gujerat, at the top of the 
^If of Caaibay. It was formerly a very flouridi* 
mg tovn, but owing; to the danglers of the navig^- 
tiou i^f the g^l^ the trade has much decreased, 
ud if chiefly eoofined now to cotton and camel- 
i&ns, which are carried to Bombay. In 1803 it 
was ced^xl to the British. Lon.72°45'£. Lat 22^- 

Qmherg^ t Germany, in Nassau, 22 m. N. 
M€nt2,3aE.Coblentx. 

Cambtrgom^ t Hind, in Dowlatabad, 8 m. S. 
W. Amednagur. 

ConbmeeUi ^' d^S- ^ Surrey, 2} m. S. Lon* 
doQ. 

Combo, t France, in Lower Pyrenees, 8 m. S. 
bj E. BayoDne. 

Caoi6«dia, Camboge^ or Comdoyo, country, Asia, 
(Athe £. shore of the ^If of Siam, bounded N. bv 
Laos Bud Cocbin-China ; E. and 3. £. by the Chi- 
n^sea; S. W.by the gulf of Siam, and W.by the 
)no|dooi of Siam. It is watered by the Cambo- 
ilia river, llie soil on the river is fertile, pn>- 
^w.w^ rice in abundance. The mountains, wbidi 
rise on etch side of the river at a short distance 
ttoffi its banks, yield gold and many precious 
Hones; the forests abound with wild animals, 
■ UMQ^ which iire elephants, lions and tigers. The 
iohabitints, estimated at 1,000^000 in number, 
hare rery little intercourse with other nations, 
Bul there are few eastern countries with which 
Europeans are less acquainted. It probably has 
been conquered by the kine of Cochin-China, umI 
forstt part of the new kingdom of Anam. Lat 9^ 
toWN. 

OmMio, city, cap. of the country of Cambo- 
<iia, is situated* on Cambodia river, 160 or 170 
BHlei from the sea. Lon. 104''35' £. Lat 13" N. 

Cam&«(ui,r. Asia, called also Kiou-Long, May- 
kumg, Mecon or Mioon, and Japanese. It rises 
tBQQg the mountains of Thibet, and passmg 
titfough the provinceof Tun-nan in China, and the 
KMubrj of Laos and Cambodia, falb into the Chi- 
MK sea byseveral mouths This river is naviga- 
^bythelaigest vessels^ leagues from iUmottth. 
CmAodia, Cape, the southern extremity of 
CtmbadiayinthegulfofSka. Lon. 106* £. Lat 

10* N. 

OwtoM, bL off the 8. coast of Celebes. Lon. 
«5*45'E; UtS*22'S. 



? 



CtmUnu^ t. Eng. in Comwall, 12 m. 8. W. 
Trura 

Cambfi^ t France, in the dep. of the North, on 
the Scheld. The citadel is one of the strongest in 
Europe. The manufecturea are a very fiiM spe-.. 
eies of linen, which has received from this place 
the name of cambric ; also thread, soap and leath- 

; 15 m. S. £. Douay, 110 N. N. £. Paris. Loo. 

13'4rE. LateO'lO'STN. 

CambroM/, or Oovemeur, p-v. St Lawrence oo. 
N.Y. 

Ca$nbriaj p-t Nianra oo. N. T. on Niagara 
river. Pop. 1,134. It contains the post villa^ 
of Manehetterj Ltwition and Fort JViagam ; which 
see. 

Can^tnia^ co. Pa. bounded N. by Cleai^ld eo. 
E. by Huntingdon and Bedford cos. S. by Somer- 
set oo, and W. by Westmoreland and Indiana cos. 
Pop. 3,287 ; engajged in ^;ricultnre 614, in oom* 
meroe 3, in manumctures 143. Chief t Ebena- 
burg. 

CemMo, t Cambria co. Pa. Pop. 604. 

CwmMd^e^ an inland county of iSigland, bound- 
ed N. by Lincolnshire, N. W. by NorthampUm- 
shira, N. E. by Norfolk, E. by Suffolk, S. by Es- 
sex and Hertfordshire, S. W. by Bedfordshire, and 
W. by Huntingdonshire. It contains 686 square 
miles. Pop. in 1810, 100,109. Families 21,022, ot 
which number 12,&31 were ei^sed in agricul- 
ture, and 5,303 in trade and manu&ctures. 

Cam6rtd|g-e, t. Eng. cap. of Cambridge co. is sit- 
uated on the Cam, 17 m. S. Ely, and 51 N. Lon- 
don. Latsri2'N. Pop. 11,106. It is divided in- 
to 14 parishes, and has 14 churches, besides 4 
meeting-houses for dissenters. Cambridge is chief- 
ly celebrated for its university, which was founds 
ed sometime previous to 1229. It consists of Vi^ 
different colleges, 4 halU, the schools, the public 
library, and the senate-house. The schools, which 
occupy three sides of a small court, were com- 
menced on their present site in 14^ but were 
not completed till 1470. The public library is 
calculated to contain nearly 100,000 volumes. 
The senate-house, where degrees are conferred, 
and other public business of the university trans- 
acted, is a handsome building of Portland stone. 
The colleges have been founded at different peri- 
ods during the six preceding centuries, and are 
very unequal in extent and decoration. 1. St 
Peter's or Peter House, was founded in 1284. 2. 
Clare Hall, in 1326. 3. Pembroke HaU, in 1343. 
4 Corpus Christi, Benit, or Benedict College, 
in 1356 ; though a mean edifice, one of its libra- 
ries, consisting of Saxon and old £n|;lish manu- 
scripts, is mudi celebrated. 5. Trinity HaU, in 
1350. 6. Gonvile and Caius College, in 1348. 

7. King's colle^ the chapel of which is said to be 
the most magnificent structure of the kind in Eu- 
rope, was founded by King Henry VI. in 1441, 
but not completed before the reign of Henry VIII. 

8. Queen's College, in 1448. 9. Catharine Hall, 
m 1475. 10. Jesus College, in 1496. 11. Christ 
Collm, in 1506. 12. St John's College, in 1509. 
13. Mary Magdalen College, in 1542. 14. Trini- 
ty College, by King Henry Vm. in 1540 ; here 
there is a library which ranks amonr the first in 
Great Britain, for its collection of printed books, 
manuscripts, Roman antiquities and natural curi- 
eeities. 15. Emanuel College, in 1584 16. Sid- 
ney Sussex College, in 1593. 17. DowaingCd- 
Im was founded in the year 1807, in pursuance 
<tf the will of Sir George Downing, made 1717. 
Hedied m the year 1747 ; but the frmd for the en- 



444 



CAM 



dowmeot of Um Milage, which now prodaees 
about 6,00(U. being burdened with survivonhipi, 
nnd subject to a long litigation, the erection of 
the edifice was poitponed.— The uniyersity en- 
joys many priyileget, and is entitled to send two 
representatives to puiiament. The whole num- 
ber of fellows belonging to the university, previ- 
oos to the foundation of powning College, was 
406, and of scholars 666, besides 236 inferior odi- 
oers and servants, who are maintained on the vari- 
ous endowments. 

Cambridge^ L Coos ca N. H. on Lake Umba- 
gog, 95 m. N. by £. Concord. 

Cambridge^ p-t Franklin co. Vt. on Lamoil riv- 
eri 21 m. N. £. Burlington. Pop. 1,176. 

Cambridge^p-t Middlesex co. Mass. on Charles 
-river, 3 m. W. N. W. Boston. Lon. TIM'SIK 
W.Lat.ir23'N. Pop. 3,296. It contains the col* 
leges, a court-house, coun^ jail, State arsenal, and 
4 houses for public worship, viz. 2 for Congrega- 
tionalists, 1 tor Episcopalians, and 1 for Baptists. 
The courts of the county are held alternately here 
and at Concord. The court-house and jail are at 
the S. E. extremity of the town, on Lechmore's 
point, which approaches within a mile of Boston, 
and is connected with it by a bridge over Charles 
river. There is another bridge connecting this 
point with Charles t9Wn. The village of Cam- 
bridgeport, which lies west of Lechmore's point, u 
connected with Boston by a bridge called West 
Boston bridge. 

In this town is Harvard College, or the Univer- 
sity of Cambrid^, the oldest and most wealthy 
literary institution in the United States. It was 
founded in 1638, in less than 20 years ailer the first 
settlement of New-England. Its officers in 1821, 
were a president, 20 professors, 5 tutors, an in- 
structor in French and Spanish, a proctor, and a 
regent The library is the largest in America, 
containing upwards of 25,000 volumes. The 
philosophical and chemical apparatus are com- 
plete. There are belonging to the University, a 
valuable cabinet of minerals, an excellent anatom- 
ical museum, and a Botanic garden containing 8 
acres, and furnished with an extensive collection 
of trees, shrubs, and plants, both native and for- 
eign. The college buildings consist of the Univer- 
sity hall, which is an elegant stone edifice, contain- 
ing the chapel, dining halls, and lecture rooms ; 
Harvard hall, containing the library, philosoph- 
ical apparatus, museum, &c. ; 4 spacious brick 
edificcM, containing rooms for students ; and seve- 
ral other buildings, for the accommodation of the 
president, professors, and students. An astronom- 
lOil observatory is about to be erected on an ex- 
tensive scale. A Ijaw school. Medical school, 
and Theolorical seminary, form part of the Uni- 
versity. The whole number of students in 1821 
was 374, of whom 29 were Theological students, 
63 Medical students, 13 Law students, and 277 
nndereraduates. The whole number who were 
educated herefrom the establishment of the insti- 
tution to the year 1818, was 4,662, a greater num- 
ber than at any other college in the country. 

Camlnidge, IPei<,p-t. Middlesex co. Mass. 6 m. 
N. Boston. Fop. 1,064. 

Cambridge^ p-t Washington co. N. T. 12 ni. S. 
Salem. 35 N. £. Albany. Pop. 2v491. In 1816, 
2 towns, JVhUe creek and Jaekton^ were set ofi'from 
Cambridge. Here is an academy. 

Cambndgt, p-t and cap. Dorchester co. Md. 
about 14 m. S. Eaton. Lat38''34'N, it is fine- 
ly situated on Grett Choptank river, which is here 



CAM 

2 miles wide. The town is neatly built, and the 
public buildings are a house of worship for Meth- 
odists, 1 for Episcopalians, a oonrt-hoose and jail, 
and an academy. 

Cambridge, p-t Abbeville district, S. C. 80 bl 
N. N. W. Columbia, 50 N. by W. AngusU, 140 
N. W. Charleston. It contains 60 or 70 homses, a 
court-house and jail, and an academy. In May, 
1781, this town, then in possession of the Biitiah, 
was doeely besieged by General Greene. 

Cambridge^ p-t and cap. Guernsey oo. Ohio, on 
Will's creek, 25 m. E. ZanesviUe, 85 from Cdua. 
bus. Lat 4(f 4^ N. It is a flourishing place, and 
contains the county buildings and about fiO dwel- 
ling houses. Pop* 300. 

CambriOa, t Spain, 10 m. W. S. W. Tarra- 
gona. 

Cambrutta, or Porio FmUieo, s-p. A. Turkey, 
in the gulf of Satalia, 7 m. N. Cape Chelidoni. 

Cambtuneihan, v. Scotland, in Lanark, on the 
Clyde, 5 m. from Lanark. 

CiMmbyna, isl. off the S. E. extremity of Ce- 
lebes. 

Camdeioo, district of the Cape of Good Hope, 
bordering on Kaffraria. 

CanuUru See Canqfden* 

Camden, t Kent oo. Upper Canada, on the 
Thames. 

Camden, p-t. Lincoln co. Maine, on Penobsoot 
bay, about 12 m. E. Thomaston, and 37 £. Wis- 
casset. Pop. 1,825. It is a small but growing vil- 
lage, and carries on the business of homing lime. 

Camden, p-t Oneida oo. N. Y. 20 m. N\ W. 
Rome. It is settled chiefly by emigrants from 
Connecticut Pop. 1,772. 

Camden, t Gloucester co. N. J. on the Dela- 
ware, opposite Philadelphia. 

Camden, p-t Kent co. Del about 4 m. S. 
Dover. 

Camden, co. N. E. paK of N. C. Pop. 6347 ; 
slaves 1,749 ; engaged in agriculture 1,889, in 
commerce 14, in manufactores 1. Chief t Jooes- 
boro'. 

Camden, p-t and cap. Kershaw oo. S. C. en 
the £. side of the Wateree, at the junctioa 
of Pine-tree creek, 35 m. N. E. Colombia, 
120 N. by W. Charleston, 109 N. £. Augusu. 
Lat 34" ir N. Lon. 80" 64' W. It is PegSariy 
laid out, and contains about 200 houses, a court- 
house and jail, an academy now belonging to the 
Orphan Society, a masonic hall, brick market- 
house and library, an arsenal, 3 flouring mills and 
other mills, 4 reliipous societies, viz. an Episco- 
palian, a Presbyterian, a Baptist and a Methodist 
The river is navigable for boats of 70 tons, and 
there is a lively trade with the back country^ It 
is memorable for two battles fought here durinfr 
the Revolutionary war ; one the 16th Au|g^. 1780, 
between Gen. Gates and Lord Comwallis ; the 
other, the 23d April, between Gen. Greene and 
Lord Rawdon. 

Camden^ co. on the coast of Geo. separated 
from Florida by St Mary's river. Pop. 3,4(6 ; 
slaves 2^5 ; engac^ in s^iculture 226, in man- 
ufactures 2. Chiei' towns, JefiSurson and St Ma- 
ry's. 

Camden^ Part, inlet in Prince Frederick's 
sound. Lon. of the entrance, 226* 15* £. Lat 56^ 
65' N. 

Camelford, t Eng. in Cornwall, on the Camel, 
17 m. W. Launceston. 

CameUm, v. Scotland, in Stirling, 2 m. W. Faf^ 
kirk. 



CAM 

. I mtone oftfaehigfaeit of the Green 
nauntuMy SO m. £. by S. Boriin^oii. , 
Cmmat^ U Frvuam^ 90 m. S. £. Munster. Loo. 

Camemm^ ▼• Silena, on the Neiaa, 5 m. S. Frank* 
enstem. Lon. 16*" 41' £. Lit. 5(f 9ff N. 

Camermoj t Italy, m SUtes of the Choivh, 40 
ffl. S. W. Ancona, 75 N. N. £. Rome. Lon. 13^ 
J4'ia^E.Let43orarN. Pop.5,330. 

Cameroon^ isL near the S. W. coast of Polawan. 
Lon. 117*«4'E. Lat T 5T N. 

CamtUur, p-t. Onondaga oo. N. T. on Seneea 
nVer and on the Erie canal, 10 m. W. Onondaga, 
Pop. 5,791. Oypnun is abundant here. 

C&min^ or Kamminf a mdall town of the Prus- 
ikn siatee, in Ferther Pomerania, circle of Flem- 
mia^, near the influx of the Oder into the Baltic, 
with 1,900 inhabitants It was once the seat of 
an independent bishoprick, and the venerable ca^ 
thedtvl if still in existence, as well as the chap- 
ter. 24 m. N. of Old Stettin, and 30 N. N. W. 
Stargnid. Lon. 14* 4(^ £. Lat 53*" 66' N. 

CammkAt L Portugal, in Entre Douro e Minho, 
II m. N J».W. Viana. Lon. 8*35' W. Lat 4V 45* N. 
, t. Venetian territory, 7 m. S. £. Vi- 

Pop. i,6oa 

, t Italy, in Lombardy, 6 bl N. N. £. 



CAM 



145 



ooontry of W. Africa, immediately N. 
of Lioai^o. 

C a» w uiieto , r. Naples, mns into the Adriatic. 
Ut 4^ IS* N. 

Csmefm, t Ireland, in Weiibrd, lOm. N. N.E. 
EnHi^porthy. 

Cawtomemj VaiU H^ Talley, Upper Italy, in the 
Brcfciano, on the Oglio, 45 miles long and 9 wide. 
Pop. about 40,q00. 

CBnefils, one of the Nioobar islands. Lon. 90* 
E. Lat \€t N. 

Cvnarowkm lalandsy in the St Lawrence, 
afooot 50 m. below the idand of Orleans. 

CsflMRoi^ Case, on the W. coast of Cyprus. 
Lon. 3r Sa* £. Lat 34** 5a N. 

CemM^na, t Naples, in Principatro Citra, 6 m. 
^ N.E. Salerno. Pop. 3,93& 

th€ States of the Church, bounded N. by II Pat- 
rimnuo di St Pietro and Sabina, N. E. and E. l^ 
Ihe kingdom of Naples, and S. and W. by the Tus* 
eaa sea. Formerly the richest and most populous 
epot in the world, it now consists of waste and 
vDfaealthy tracts, nearly depopulated. There are 
few bouses or trees, and little is to be seen but the 
scattered ruins of temples and tombs. The soil is 
generally fertile. 

Gni^agnar, t Franoey in Aveyroui 35 m. N. 
Milhaud. 

Cmpagiumoj or Savuio^ r. Naples, in Calabria 
Citra, mils into the gulf of St Eufemia. 

Compagne, t France, in Pas de Calais, 8 m. S. 
E. Montreoil sur Mer. 

Cnapo^ eredtj Ohio, mns into the (Miio, 8 m. 
above Gallipolis. 

Canqtmij t France, in Upper Pyrenees, on the 
Moor, Si m. S. Baffneres. Fop. 4,200. 

CampbOl, t S. Africa, 40 m. E. Griqua town. 
Itb a station of the London Missionary Society. 

CssipMI, oo. Va. bounded N. by James rirer 
and Bneldn^ham ca E. by Charlotte co. S. by Ap- 
pouatox rirer, and W.byBedfiNfd CO. Pop.16,569; 
sUtcs 7.|445; engaged in agriculture 4,103, in 
commeiee 163« in naouf actores 439. 

19 



CaMjpMZ, CO. Ten. Pop. 4,344 \ dares 116 ; 
engaged in agriculture 1,053, in commerce S. 
Chief t Jacksonborough. 

CaifpfrdZ,co.N.paitofKen.ontheOhio. Pop^ 
7^023 ; slaves 897 ; engaeed in agricultura 1^446, 
in manufiictures 97. Chief t Newport 

Campbell Pomiy cane in Cooke's inlet, N. W. 
coast of America. Lon. 2W 35^ £. Lat. 6(f 

CVmrnfteO, Cope, New Zealand. Lon. 183° 45* 
W.Lat41°44'S. 

CampbeWs forty in Tennessee, near the conflu- 
ence orthe Holston and Tennessee rivers. 

Can^pbeWi grwe^ p-v. Iredell co. N. C. 

CampbtlFs mUU, p-v. Abbeville district, 8. C. 

CampbeWs itaHim^ p-v. Knox co. Ten. 

CampbtlFtvUUyi^y. Green co. Ken. 

CampbeUtown^ s-p. Scotland, in Ai]gyle, with an 
excellent harbbur, 30 m. W. Ayr, 176 W. Edin- 
burgh. Lon. 6" 34' W. Lat 56* 37' N. Pop. 
6,000. ^ 

Campbelltowih P-t* Steuben co. N. T. 

Can^bdl towHy t Lebanon oo. Pa. 13 m. E. 
Harrisburr. 

CompAeSloiffn, p-v. Edgefleld district, S. C. 

Canufdau or Camden^ t Eng. in Gloneestei^ 
shire, 7 m. from Evesham. 

Campetuhy,, t Mexico, in Merida or Yucatan, 
on the river St Francis, in the bay of CampMchy. 
The port is large, but shallow. It was formerly a 
stated market for logwood, of which great quanti- 
ties grew in the neighbourhood. Lon. 90^ 34' W. 
Lat lO* Sa N. Pop. 6W). 

Campen^ fortified t Netherlands, in Overyssel, 
on the Tssel, a few miles above its entrance into 
the Zuyder Zee. Its port is now much choked up 
with sand. 43 m. N. E. Amsterdam. Lon. 5** 48* 
E. Lat. ST 3T N. Pop. 6,300. 

Ccanpit t Tuscany, m Florence, where the fin- 
est straw-hats are manufactured. 

Compo bauoy t Naples, in Samio, on the bor- 
ders orthe Molise. Pop. 5,450. 

Campo beUoy province of New Brunswick, a fer- 
tile island at the mouth of Passamaquoddy bay, 
separated on the S. W. by a narrow passage from 
Lubec. It is about 9 miles long and from 1 to 3 
broad, contains many excellent harbours, and has 
many advantages for commerce and the fisheries. 
The lands are now in the hands of a single pro- 
prietor, but if offered for sale, few places would 
settle more rapidly. 

Con^ DoldnOy v. Lombardy ,5 nu N. W. Chia- 
venna. 

Campo Formioy an elennt castle in the Venetian 
territory, nearly 4 m. W. of Udine in Friuli. 

Campo Mayor^ t and barrier fortress of Portn- 

Ed, in Alentejo, 10 m. N. W. Badajos, and 100 E. 
isbon. LatSS'dO'N. 

Compe di S. Pietro^ t. Venetian territory, 13 m. 
N.Padua. Pop. 3,30a 

CampoKj t. Naples, in Abruzzo Ultra, 3 m. N. 
Teramo. Lon. 13» 46' E. Lat 43" 40' N. 

Campredon^ fortified t. Spain, in Catalonia, on 
the Ter, 30 m. S. E. Puyoerda, 37 N. N. W. 
Gerona. Lon. ft \y E. Lat 43? 33' N. Pop. 
1,500. 

Campne^ v. Scotland, in Stirlii^,7 m. from 
I>umbarton. Pop. 3,61 8. 

Camptotiy p-t Grafton co. N. H. 40 m. N. Con- 
cord. Pop. 1,047. 

Can^pvOUj p-v. Spartanburg district, S. C. 

CcmmMp, formerly an independent kingdom, 
lying N.E.ofBengftl, on both banks of the Brah- 



146 



CAN 



9i«poolM iiy«r. itu now mdndud puCly in Ben- 
1^ «Dd pwrtly in Anuo. 

Cktmioot Riser ^ r. South Afrioay in the Eeitern 
put of the Cape Colony. 

C^M. SeeComui. 

Cenoy ▼. Syria, with about 500 ftmiliei, 7 nu 
W. N. W. TalMffia. 

CmMMin, p-t Somenet co. Maine^on the £. 
nde of Komebee rirer, oppotite Bloomfield, 10 
ft. £. Norridgewoek, 15 abore WaterriUe, 35 
aboTe Hallowell. Pop. M70. It has Mme yala- 
ablemiUf. 

Ckmoon, p-t. Gnfton oo. N. H. IS m. E. Dart- 
month college. Pop. 1,198. 

CwMon^ p-t Emox CO. Vt on Connecticat riv- 
er, 69 m. N. E. Montpelier. Pop. 277. 

Canaan^ p-t. Litchfield co. Ct on the E. tide 
<tfthe HooMtcnie, 16 m. N. N. W. Litchfield. 
Pop. 1,331. Here ii a Ihmace and lereral anchor 
Ibtget, Between thif town and Saliibury are re- 
Barknble &lli in the rirer. See &i/ii6ttry. 

QmOAn, p>L Colombia Co. N. Y.25m. N. E. 
Hildion. Pop.24)79. The village of Aew JLeAu- 
iion isinthiitownBhip. 

Cmwm^ t. Wayne co. Pa. Pop. 596. 

Cmmii, t Athens co. Ohio. Pop. 345. 

Ckmoen, L Wayne co. Ohio. Pop. 158. 

ConA-Mmm, a bay on the aonth coait of Arabia, 
attheittoathof a river, which, after patting lev- 
eral townt, lallt into theArebian tea. Lon.47" 
5'£.UL13'30'N. 

Cenoftae, oneofthelaigeitof the Biitegot itl- 
andt. 

(Cewflrfei an cstctttiTe country in N. America, 
wat iormerly called the province of Qnebec, but 
iinoel791 it hat been divided into two provinoet, 
called Upper and Lower Canada. 

Ctmada^Lwer^ liet between 45^ and 52" N. lat 
end 63° and 81*W. bn. It it bounded N.by the 
territory of the Hudton't Bay company, or East 
Maine ; E. bv the gulf of St Lawrence, and part 
of the Labrador coatt ; 3. by New Bruntwick, 
Maine, Ifcw-Hampthire, Vermont, and New- 
Toi^ ; and W. by Upper Canada, from which it 
it eeparated princqwlly by the Ottowa river, and 
a line drawn finm the head of the river in Lake 
Temitouning doe N. to Hudion't bay. It it di- 
yided into the diitrictt of Montreal, Three Riv- 
en, Quebec, and Gatpe, which were tubdivided 
hy a proclamation of the government in 1792, 
into the fi>llowing 21 countiet, namely, Bedford, 
Buckingham, Comwallit, Devon, Dorchetter, 
F.ffingham,Gatpe, Hampthire, Hertford. Hunting- 
don,Kent, Lemtter, Montreal,St Maurice, North- 
omberluod, Orleant, Quebec, Richelieu, Sur- 
rey, Warwick, and York. The minor divitiont 
are, Itt, The teignioriet, or the original grants of 
the French government under the feudal tyttem, 
which were again partitioned out into parishet by 
the French sovemment 2d, The townthipt or 
granti of land made by the Englith government 
pinoe the year 1 796, in free and common Boocace.^ 
The climate is congenial to health in an emment 
degree. Heat and cold are indeed felt in their ex- 
ti«mes, but they are not opprestive. The cloud- 
lett sky aud pure dry air of winter, makes the 
cold both pleasant and healthf aL No general det- 
crintion wul convey an adequate idea of the toil 
of Lower Canada. In the part of the province 
tenth of the St Lawrence, a triangular district, 
included between the northern boundariet of Ver- 
mont and New-Hampthire, the St. Lawrence and 
theChaqdiBre^oostiits of exoeUenl land laid oat 



CAN 

in townthipt and in many parts tettibdtiid cuUi- 
vated, and bids &ir to beo^M the most flooriahuir 
part oif the province; from the Chaodiere to the 
touroet ofthe 8t John, the land it much broken 
and of an indifferent quality ; from the aoorces of 
the St John to the gulf of St. Lawrence, the coun- 
try hat been but partially explortd but hai 
every appearance of tterility . On the north nde 
ofthe St Lawrence, a ridge of heights comraeDas 
at t^ eattem extremity of the province, tad rum 
along the margin of this river from 64^ to 7r W. 
km ; it then l^vet die river, and takuir a S. W. 
direction ttriket the Ottawa river &)ot 38 
leaguet above itt confluence with the 8t Uv. 
lence, enclosing within it and the two rmn^ a 
beautiful country, well watered and level. On 
the N. tide of the ridge just detcribed, liei the if- 
maining part of Lower Canada, which has beta 
to little explored that it it only known to be cov- 
ered with immente forestt. The pcipulttioQ of 
Lower Canada hat rapidly increated within a lev 
yeart. In 1769, when it wat oonqnered from the 
French, it was ettimated at 7(M)0D ; in 1775, it 
had only increated to 90/K)0 ; but in 18S0, the 
Catholic population was 333,900^ Prottitants i- 
bout 40,000, Quebec 14,000, Montreal ISjOOO, 
making a total of about 4OO/X)0l The gorin- 
ment it in the handt of a governor, lieotODantfOT- 
emor, eicecutive council, who are appointed by 
the king ; and a houte of attembly, who are re|^ 
retentativet of the people.^— The prevailiii; reli- 
gion it Roman Catholic ; of thit perraanoo there 
It a Bithop of Quebec, a ctMuyntor, with the titk 
ofBithopofSalde, nine vicars general, tod aboat 
200 curates and mittionaries, tpread over the Jii- 
ferent districts ofthe province. The icTeooes oi 
the Catholic clergy are derived in part from gnats I 
made of land to them under the ancient re^. > 
The spiritual concerns ofthe proiestanti are uxler 
the guidance ofthe Lord Bishop of Qoebec, 9 rK- I 
tors, and a competent number of other clerrynM. > 
who are supported in part by annual stiptDds from 
the government, and the appropriation of one kv- I 
enth of all granted lands. 

Canada^ Ujpper^ is bounded N. by theteiritff) 
oftheHodaoni bay company; N. E-and &by 
Lower Canada; 8. E. and S. by theUnitadSUUsj 
on the W. and N. W. no limits have been astpi«l 
to it It it divided into 8 districts, viz. the 1> 
tern, Johnstown, Midland, Newcastle, home, 
Nii^ra, London, and Western. These are 
agam subdivided into 23 counties, and 159 town- 
ahipa. The townships contain in all 9,894,400 
acres,of which 3,000,000 are granted in free t^ 
common soccage, 2,769,828 are reserved foriw 
crown and clergy, and 3,924,572 still remain to be 
granted. These townships are laid out i\m ^ 
banks ofthe St. Lawrence, Lake Ontario, UK« 
Erie and Lake St. Clair, and extend b«k lor a 
distance, varying from 40 to 50 miles. Th«5^»*. 
throughout is scarcely excelled byanyportJOfl« 
N.America. In the rear of the townships «« 
large tracts of land stretching far to the nortfl* 
covered with immense forests, and litUe koowu 
except to the Indians ; but it has been ^^^ 
that there are many laive tracts of rich »iL i ^ 
climate is talubriout. The winters '^'^'^ ' 
and milder than in Lower Canada. The »PJ^ 
opent utuaUy from 6 weekt toamcmthi«rtw , 
than at Quebec. The population of Uppe[J^ I 
da hat increated with great rapidity. »f *^^ l 
did not exceed 10,000 toult, and in J^^;* /J^ 
95«)0. It it nude up> principaUy, ^ '""P*""^ 



1 



CAN 

from thttJmtod StetM, nd « few Britiah, Iruh, 
and Scotdi. Ofthe ^fiOOfiOO acres granted to set- 
tlers, tbe quantity under tillage in lBt5, was esti- 
mated at 290,000, dispersed over the di^Brent dis- 
tricCs. The mostpepulousand improved part oftlie 
colony, is along the banks of St Lawrence river, 
md the esetem part of Lake Ontario.— The gov- 
(mmcnt of Upper Canada is administered by a 
lienteaaiit-eovenior, (who is almost always a mili- 
tuy officer^) a legis&tive ooancil, an exeentive 
ootincil, and a hoaie of assembly. The l^sla- 
tiveGoanefl consists of not less than 7 members, of 
which the chief justice of the province is president, 
md 'Wherein the Bishop of Quebec has a seat; 
the members are appointed by mandamus from the 
Kin^, and hold their seats, under certain restric- 
tions, for life. The executive council is com- 
posed of tf members ; the chief justice is president, 
uid the bishop of Quebec likewise has a seat in it 
The house of assembly is composed of 26 mem- 
bers, who are returned from the 23 counties ; the 
duratioo of Uie assembly is limited to 4 years* 
The civil and criminal law is administered by a 
rhief justice and 2 puisne judges. There is a 
r-ourt of king^ bench, common pleas, and a court 
of appeaL The expense of the civil list is defray- 
ed by Great Britain. 

For the defence of the two Canadas, a regular 
military establishment is maintained bjjr the Brit- 
ish government, which was estimated m 1815, at 
from 27,000 to 30,000 men. The river St Law- 
rence is the only channel, by which the commodi- 
ties of these two provinces have hitherto found 
their way to the ocean. The principal exports 
consist of oak and pine timber, deals, masts, and 
bowsprits, spars of all denraninations, staves, pot 
aul peail auies, peltry, wheat, flour, biscuit, In- 
dian com, pulse, salt provisions, fidi, and other 
miscellaneous articles, which employ generally 
about 150^000 tons of shipping. In return Ibr 
these are imported, wines, rum, feugar, molasses, 
eofiee, tobacco, salt, coals, and manu&etured jpro- 
dooe from Great Britain. The commerce of Can- 
ada has hecB progressively increasing, since it be- 
came e British i»ovince. In ITGS^tbe annual 
raloe of its exports amounted to 165^0^ audit 
employed 70 vessels. In 1797, the estports amoun- 
ted in value to 49M192. and the imports to 
338^141. in 1806, the exports were 1,156^0602. 
asd the imports 610^0001. 

CoMHfe, endtf Eatiy N. Y. runs into the Mo- 
hawk from the N. 9 m. below LitUe Falls. 

Canada^ ereek, Weti^ N. Y. the largest northern 
branch of the Mohawk. It rises near the head- 
waters of Black river, and dischaiges itself at the 
German flats, 6 m. above Little Falls. 

Canada ertekf Oneida co. N. Y. the N. branch 
of Wood creek, joins theW. branch, 4i m.W. 
Borne. 
Canadmmty- 8ee F)reedenia, 
Canad&ma^ ereekt N.Y.runsN. W. 12 miAi, 
tod fells into lake Erie, about 45 m. 8. W. Bufia^ 
lo. 



CAN 



]4f 



r. Aikansas, which rises near Red 
river and flowixu^N. E. joins the Arkansas 60 m. 
below the mouth of Grand river. It is of eonsid- 
siderable magnitude and nav^ble 100 miles. 

Canafoharie, p-t. MontMmery co. N.Y.onthe 
1 side ofthe Mohawk at ueentranoe of a creek of 
flit same name, 15 m. S. W. Johnstown, 49 W. 
Albany. Pop. 4^77. It derives its name from 
the Cotinjohoroo, or Great boiling pot in the 
creek, which ii a vMt cavity m a rodt, of an oral 



form 22 feet by 18 in diameter and about 10 
feet deep, filled with water whidi when the river 
is hi^ exhibits the appearanoe of boiling. 

Canais. See MiddUteXj Jftw^Yark^kc 

CanandaiguOf p-t Ontario qo. N. Y. 16 m. W. 
Geneva, 111 W. Utica, 206 W. Albany, 88 E. 
Buflklo. Lat4r48MrN. Pop. of the village 
2,100, of the town, 4,68a It has an Episeoiwl 
church, a Congregational, and a Methodist; a 
state arsenal, a court-house and jail, two banks 
and an academy. It is situated on a hill, at a lit- 
ttedistanoe N. W. of the Lake. The houaesaie 
built with uncommon eleeanoe, and many of them 
would be ornaments in the oldest settlfrmwits of 
the country. 

Canandttigua iake^ Ontario oo. N. Y. 14 miles 
long, and about 1 wide. Itdischar]^ its waters 
through Canandaigua river, 45 miles long, inte 
Seneca river. 

Canoitore^ s-p. Hind, on the coast of Malabar. 
It carries on a trade with other parts ofthe pe- 
ninsula, as also with Arabia and Sumatra. 100 
m.W.S. W.Seringapatam. Lon. Yd"" 25^ £. Lat 
11*51' N. 

Canara, a provxnoe on the W. coast of Hmdes- 
tan, about 180 miles long, bounded N. by the Be- 
japore, £. by the Mysore and Balaghaut district, 
S. by Malabar, and W. by the sea. The climate 
ofthiscountiyisfine. It produces abuhdaneeof 
rice, which is the staple commodity, sandal-wood, 
sugarcane, pepper, cocoa-nuts, Ac. It was ce- 
ded to the British m 1799. Lat. 12* to 16^ N. 

Canardy /#/e ok, in the St Lawrence, at the 
eonfluence ofthe river des Prairies. 

Canariu. a group of islands in the Atlantie, 
near the W. coast of Africa. They are 13 in 
number, of which the largest are Teneriilb, 
Grand Canary, Fuerteventun, Palma, Ferro^ 
Gomera, and Lancerota. The group was cele- 
brated in antiquity, under the appellation of the 
Fortunate islands. They lie between 27* 39* and 
29* 26' N. lat and between 13*2aand inO'W. 
Ion. The aspect of all these islands is elevated 
and full of mountains, some of which, partioalarly 
the Peak of Teneriflb, rank among the Ic^ieat on 
the globe. The sides of the mountains which in- 
cline tovrards the west and north, make a profuse 
display of vegetation, and exhibit, ristng above 
each other, the plants ofthe torrid, the temperate, 
and even the frigid zone. The most verdant and 
fertile islands are Grand Canary andTsnerifle; 
Lancerota and Fuertaventura are dry and sandy. 
The most valuable production of the Canaries is 
wine, of which Tenerifle yields irom 20^000 to 
24,000 pipes, 8000 or 9000 of whkh are expoited. 
They produce wheat suflicient for their own con- 
sumption ; also maize, potatoes^ and French beans. 
The other chief objects of trade are brandy, ar- 
diil, and soda. 

These islands belong to Spain and the pfesent 
inhabitants are entirely of European orirln. They 
are estimated at 160,000. l%ej are of a mving 
and enterprizing disposition, which impeh them tot 
emigrAte ; and they have establiahea themselvea 
in aU the Spanish settlements in the New World, 
and in the E^ Indies. 

Canmy^ Orand^ the largest and most fertile of 
the group of the Canaries. It is about 30 miles 
long by 28 broad. The whole island consists in a 
manner of one mountain, whidi rises to a great 
hei^t, and the summit of which is covered wi^ 
peipetual snow. The lofty central parts of the 
island contain cppioui springs of pure water, 



IM 



CAP 



9$. Th% manageiiient of ^b/b trade of Canton is 
Twtad ina oooncQ called hong^ fonrinting of from 
IS to 14 members, generally men^of |preat wealth* 
AU foreign cargoes pass through thev hands, and 
Ifae^ also provide the cax^goes to be exported. The 
Chmese pretend that it is entirely from favoorto 
liwe^giners that they permit any traffic with their 
empire. Pop. Tariously estimated from 1,600|000 
to WOOfiOO, Since 1807, the London Society 
have had a miistODanr in Canton, who has been 
enmloyed intranslatnythe Bible into Chinese, 
end several editions of Gm New Testament have 
been published and circulated, but the labours of 
ttiemissionaiT are much restricted by covemment. 
LoikU3>14'E. LatWTN. 

Canion, p-t Norfolk co. Mass. 6 m. a E. Ded^ 
ham, 14 8. W. Boston. Pop. 1,368. 

Canion, or 1Fe»^ Simdmnh p-t Hartford ca Ct 
15 m. W. N. W. Hartford. Pop. 1^322, 

Cantan^ p-t St Lawrence co. N. T. 15 m. 8. E. 
i^gdensbtourg, 200 N.W.Albany. Pep. 1,337. 
C«iien,t Bradford CO. Pa. Pod. 569. 
CantOHf t Washington co. Pa. Pop. 1,S76. 
Conlon, p-t and cap. Starke co. Ohio, in the 
fHks of Nimishillen creek, 58 m. N. W. Steuben- 
ville, 140 N. Columbus. Pop. 1,398. It contains 
a court-house and jail, 2 houses of public worship, 
a printiQg'^jffioe and a bank. 

Conlofi, t Belmont co. Ohio, on the Ohio, op- 
posite Wheeling. 

CmUtffelTs bndge^ or Apoquinimink, p-v. New- 
castle oo. DeL 
Canfyre. SeeXtn^. 

Ca^wijf, ist Eng. m the mouth of the river 
Thames, about 5 miles long, and 2 wide, 36 nu E. 
London. 

Canjf ereek^ Alabama, (lows into the Tennessee 
from the S. about 20 m. below the Muscle-shoals. 
Cafwfirkf r. Tennessee, runs into Uie Cum- 
berland from the S. 50 m. £. Nashville. 
Conse. See Cofy'e. 

Goerle, isL in the Lagunes of Venice, off Friuli. 
Pod. 2,128. 

Cop, isl. in the straits of Sunda. Lon. 105* 48'E. 
Lat5"58'S. 
Ctye, t Cumberland co. Maine. Pop. 52. 
Ci^petfe, V. Netherlands, 6 m. N. Antwerp. 
Ct^jelU op den JBoscft, v. Netherlands, 6 m. S. 
Antwerp. 

Ctgpdie Marwai^ t. France, 8 m. N. N. W. Fi- 
geac. 

CapeBrttmif isL in the rulf of St Lawrence, 
109 miles long, separated from Nova Scotia by a 
narrow strait, called the gut of Canso. The soil 
is fertile, and produces timber. Its shores abound 
in vast quantities of fish. In 1743, while this isl- 
and belonged to the French, no less than 564 ships, 
and 27,000 seamen were employed in the fishery. 
At present this fishery has very much declined ; 
Ancf the inincipal employment of the inhabitants is 
the working of the coal mines. Pop. about 3,000. 
In respect to government, the isl^ is attached 
to Lower Canada. 

Capt Coati CoMtle^ cap. of the British settle- 
ments in Guinea, is in the district of Fetu, on the 
Crold Coast, under the African company. Lon. 1* 
20^ W. The Society in England for propiu;atiqg 
the Gospel have a missionary here. Pop. 8^000. 

Ct^ Codf peninsula, on the S. side of Massa- 
chusetts bay. Its shape is that of a man's arm 
bent inwards both at the wrist and the elbow. It is 
about 66 miles long, and from 1 to 20 wide. A 
great pail of thi^ peoiiifiila ii mdy and baive% 



CAP 

and in many placet wholly deaGtnle nT Yie«ta* 
tion ; yet it is populoua The inhabitants obtain 
their support almost entirely from the oeean ; tiie 
men bemg constantly employed at sea ; and the 
bcrjrs, at aTOry early age, are pot on board the 
fishing boats. In consequence of the violent east 
winds, it is supposed that tiie cue ir mdoall^ 
wearing away. Lon. of the cape, 70^ 14^ W. LaL 
4r4'N. 

Gape EHtabeiK^ on the ooast of Iflame, in lat 
43*dN. lon.WirW. 

Gne EHMobeikfi. Cumberland oo. Ifaine^ 6 m. 
8. WT Portland. Pop. I,68& 

Gqie FarewdL See FareweO. 

Cape Fsor, the S. point of Smiths island in the 
mouth of Cape Fear river, N. C. Lat 33* SST N. 
Lon. 78* 25' W. 

Ciqte Fear rteer, N. C. Its N. W. braadi is 
formed by the union of the rivers Haw and Deep 
and flowinc £. of S. 100 miles unltee with 
the N. E. Dranch or Clarendon a little above 
Wilmington, 34 miles belovT which city tfie 
united stream enters the ocean between Gape Fear 
island and Smith ville. This river affords the be^ 
navigation of any of the rivers in N. CaroUna. 
There is 18 feet water on the bar at its nsooth. 
Large vessels can ascend 21 miles, and vesaels 
drawing 10 or 12 feet, 14 miles larther to Wi]> 
mi^on, and boats to FayetteviUe 90 miles. The 
N. £. branch is nav%able for boats 70 aiile& 

Ctqfe CHrardeau^ CO. Missouri, on the Miaeisup> 
pi, bounded N. by St Genevieve and Washington 
COS. W. by the coun^ of St Louis. Pop. S^SS, 
slaves 865 ; engaged in agriculture 1^675, in oom- 
merce 39, in manufoctures 229. Jacksion is the 
seat of justice. The lands on the Missisatppi and 
the St Francis are fertile. The Greol SwiBt^ 
commences 5 m. S. of the town of Ch>o Girar- 
deau, and ez|;end8 60 miles, being from 3 to 5 
broad, to the low-lands of the St. Francis. 

Ga^-Otmni^ p-t Cape-Girardean co. Mis- 
souri« on the Mississippi, 93 m. below 9t Louis, 
20above the mouth of the Ohio. It has about 40 
houses. 

Cape Henryy formerly Cafe FraneoiM^ t. on the 
N. coast of the island Hispamola, on a promontory 
at the edn of a large plain 60 miles long and 13 
broad. Its harbour is one of the most secure and 
convenient in the whole island. It was ttie last 
town Vetained by the French in Htspaniola and 
was surrendered to the blacks in 1803. It then 
contained 900 houses and 20,000 inhabitants. 30 
leagues E. Cape St. Nicholas. Lon. 72* IG' W. 
Latl9»46'N. 

Cape Hope^ the V, W. point of Martha*s Vine- 
yard, Mass. on which is a light-house. 

Cape of Oood Boj^e^ cape and settlement of S. 
Afric^ now belon^ng to the British, n boaaded 
N. and £. by Caffraria, S. by the Indian ocean, and 
W. by the Atlantic ocean. It is neariy 600 miles 
longfrom east to west, and on an average about 
900 broad. The area is estimated at 120^000 eq. 
miles. The leading feature in the aspect of this 
territory consists of three successive nmges of 
mountains, running completely across the coun- 
try from east to west, almost parallel to each oth- 
er, and to the southern coast the first ran^ is 
at the distance of from SO to 60 miles from the 
ooast The second range, ealled the Zwarte Berg, 
or Black mountain, is considerably higher and 
more rugged than the first ThAelt interposed 
between me Zwarte Berg and tibe first nmge is 
nearly of the tame araraga breadth as that be- 



CAP 

ilkft fat rui^B and the ma, tmt is of'eomid* 
ermbiy grKter el«?«tioiL Beyond the Zwnrte 
Bei^, at en mterfal of 80 or 160 miles, rises the 
Nieuwttldt atonntaiiis, the hic^iest range of south- 
ern Afrio«« and the summits of which an suppoe- 
fd to b« 10.000 Aet aboTe the level of the sea. 
Thex Ibnq^ ttse northern boundary of the colony. 
rbe b^t or plain interposed between these two 
Ust rhaifw is oonsiderably mora elevated than ei« 
(her of Um olber two, so that this oountir fonns as 
tt were a anooeasien of terraces, rinqg above each 
other. Thfi plain neict to (he sea is covered with 
t deep and fertile soil, watered by numeroos riva* 
lets, well clothed withnass, and with a variety 
flf treea and shrubs. The second terrace contains 
t oonaideimUe prc^iortion of well watered and fer- 
tile landa ; bat these are mixed with lan» tracts 
of tKe arid dssert, called Karroo. The third belt, 
filled the Great Karroo, is almost entirely a vast 
^lesert. The jmonds in the cit^ of Cape town, 
for 90 or 30 mfles in werj direction, are employed 
slmoot eotiittly injraising wine and fruits ; bejKond 
this limit, for 50 or 60 miles, grain is raised in 
lar^ quantities and of a very superior quality : 
the Btore remote parts of the colony are devoted 
to pasturage. Tobaeoo and many other plants 
thrive perfectly and might be cultivated to a great 
eztenL Pop. in 1810 estimated at 81,000, of 
wbom oBie thnrd were whites and the rest negroes 
er Hottentots. The free inhabitants may be di- 
vided into 4 chusMs, via. the inhabitants of the 
capital, viae growm eom ftraers, and graxiers. 
The wine boon reside in the immediate vicinity 
of C^e town, and are the most civilised and com- 
lortably aitoated oCihe peasantry. Most of them 
are deeomded from French femilies, by tHiom the 
Hne was first introdnoed. The com boors live 
Seoenlly at the distance of two or three days jour- 
aey froaa the cafe. Their agriculture is misera^ 
ble, bat the soil is fertile, and notwithstanding 
their slovenly management, they are generally in 
goodcarenmstancft. The grazier is much m6re 
UKoltivated than the ottier classes. Many are 
perfect Homades, wandering from place to plsoe, 
end living in strew huts like theHotentots. 

The chief town is Cape town. The principal 
rivers are the Great Fish, Sunday and Orange. 

The United Brethren established a mission 
among the Hottentots in 1736, which was renew- 
ed in 1792, and since that time the London Mis- 
sionary Society have sent out many missionaries. 
The labors of both have been attended with the 
bappieet eliects. The Hottentots, at the several 
seUlenents now cultivate the fields, own laige 
nnmben of cattle, exercise various trades, and 
contribate liberally to the stt|^rt of religious and 
charitable institutions, exhibiting a wonderful 
proofofttie power of Christianity to elevate men 
from the lowest point of intellectual and moral do* 
pression. Their principal stations are at Gna- 
ifentfaal and BethelsdoTp. 

This eolony was originally planted by the 
Dut^ bat in 1806 it feS into the hands of the 
British, and was confirmed to them in 1816 by the 
Coogrem of Vienna. Its principal imfNMlance in 
& eomnercial view is derived firom its oonven- 
ienoe as a plaee of refreshment to vessels sailing 
between Europe and the Cast Indies. It also oon- 
amnaa Britidi mannfectores to a large amount 
1\e value of merehandiae imported into the colo* 
ay from Great Britain in 1800, was £311^016. 
The principal ezporta are wine and brandy. LaOt 
oftfaeCvpnl8'»'£. Lit. 34" 28^8. 



CAP 



151 



CqM06, t. Fnnee, in Aiflw. Pop. 1,077. 

Gfl^M May^ CO. N. J. bounded N. by Gloucester 
CO, & £. by the AtUtntic, and S. W.by DeUware 
bay. Pop. 4^265 ; engaged in agriculture 377, in 
commerce 60, in manufacture 63. A post^offioe is 
kept at the court-house. 

Capetian^ t France, in Hereult, 11 m. N. Nai^ 
bonne. Pop. 1,150. 

Copeainnie^ t Naples, in AbruzM> Ultra. Pop. 

Cape lown, the cap. of Cape of Good Hope 
colony, is agreeably situated at the head of Ta- 
ble bay, about 30 miles N. of the Cape. The town 
is defended by a castle of considerable strength, 
but it is commanded hj higher grounds in the vi- 
cinity. The harbour is safe during 8 months of 
the year, but during the remainiD^7our,when the 
N. W. winds prevail, ships an obliged to resort to 
False Bay on the other side of the cape. The 
town is regularly laid out in streets intersecting 
each other at ri^t angles. There are 1,145 hou- 
ses, inhabited by about 5,500 whites and people ol' 
colour, and lO^iOO blacks. The town is well sup- 
plied with excellent water. Lon. 18* 23^ £. Lat. 
34*6'N. 

CapeFenU. See Ferde. 

Cape Ftneentf p-v. Jefierson co. N. T. 

CopAon aprtfwt, in Frederick ca Va. 21 m. W. 
aW.WincWer. 

Capibariie^ r. Bnsil, frJls into the sea near Per* 
nambuco. LaL 8" 15' 8. 

Capirmf r. in Caraoeas, runs into the sea. Loo* 

' Cc^ntanelo, povince of the kingdom of Naples, 
on the gulf of Venice, between Abnuzo Citn on 
theN. W. andBariontheS.E. The soil is gen- 
erally fruitful, and yields good pasture* Pop. 
266,000. 

Capiimaia^ t New Grenada, 60 m. NI N. £. 
Tui^a. 

Cape d*I$irutf a capital of the Austrian province 
of istri, on a small island in the gulf of Trieste, 8 
m-S. Trieste. Pop.5AN>. 

Catpefita,r: Mexico, runs into the Pacific Lon, 
96'30'W. 

Caoe Poiearo^ isl. at the S. E. extremity of the 
island of Sicily. 

Conraf, one of the Philippine islandSi S. of Ltt« 
con. Latir3aN. 

Cappel^ t. Hesse, 22 m. 8. £. Cassel. 

Ct^fpdn^X, Denmark, 16m. N. E. Sleswick. 

Capptln^ Ottert Hanover, 12 m. £. Osnabruck. 

Caprma^ isl. of the Sardinisn States, in the 
Meditenanean, between the N. point of Corsica 
and thecoast of Italy. Lon.9*48' 12'E. Lat 43" 
0?18'N. Pop. 2,000. 

Cfljprsnu, V. Eu. Turkey, in Livadia, on the 
Cephissus, nearly corresponding in situation to the 
ancient Chmnnea, The ruins of that town are still 
in existence. 

Caprani, isL in the Mediterranean, near the S. 
W. coast of the Morea. Lon.2r40'£. Lat 36° 
STN. 

C4qn% isL in the Mediterranean, at the entrance 
of tiie gulf of Naples. It was anciently called Ca- 
prase. 26 m. S. Naples. See Ana Capri. 

Capr i tofn^ Cawe , on the N. £. coast of New 
Holland. Lon. 208" 58^ W. Lat 23^24' & 

Oqirtna, t Lombardy, 8 m. W. N. W. Becw 
game. 

Gc^ra, t Doogola, on the Nile, 8 m. S. Mescho. 

Csnrone, isL in the Grecian archipelago, 2 m. 
9. wTataaohio. Loa^fiTfim Lat36' 59^ N. 



1S2 



CAR 



Cmpryikti t Flanden, 14 m. & E. Sluyi. 

Cb^ SL MiehnuL aeicniory. Sorry oo. Low«r 
Canftda, on the S. nde of the St Lawrenoe, ofypo- 
Bte the iflland of Orleuis. 

Ctiptam JohnUmiUt^ p-T. Montcomerjrca Md. 

Cti^ma ertekt Ohio, ruin into 9ie Ohio, t3 m. 
Mow Wheriing. 

Captina ereettP-r, Behnont oo. Ohio. / 

CiqnMi i. Napfea^ ia Terra di Lavoro, on the 
Voltumo. The ancient town 80 celebrated in hiB- 
tbry, iflnearljjSm. 8. £. of the present town. No 
plaee in Italj, except Rome, contains a greater 
mimber of ancient inscriptions. Capua was forti- 
fied by Vanban, has a strong citadel, and is ao- 
eonnted the key of Naples on the N. 16 m. N. Na- 
ples. Pop. 7^31. 

Capiifa,isLcirCorsica. Lon.Sr29'E. Lattf* 

stnT 

Co^ueta, r. Quito, divides into two aims ; the 
Japora, enters the Amaion between 4" and 6** N. 
lat the other arm divides into two streams, one of 
fHiidi enters the Orinoco. 

Cera, isL of the Hebrides. Lon.6''48'W. Lat 

fis^'ae'N. 

CuraftoM, or Carabaia, proTinoe of Pern, 
boqnded £. by Larecaja, W. by Quispicanchi,N. 
and N. W. by the territories of the Indians, S. W. 
by the province of Canes and Canches, and S. by 
Liampa and Asaoearo. 

Ceroeeof , or renesuefo, a eoontry of 8. Ame- 
rica, which including Spanish Guiana extends 
from the Caribbean sea on the N. to the Portu- 
goese dominions on the S. and from New-Gn^ 
nada on the W. to the river Essequebo which sep- 
arates it from English Guiana on the E. It lies be- 
tween 6'4(K and l^N. lat Area 61 li924sq. miles. 

The northern part of the country is mountain- 
ous. A branch of the Andes, called the chain of 
Venezuela, runs alon^ the whole northern ooast 
and terminates opposite the island of Trinidad. 
Below the mountains, ttuare are *«nw^»f plains 
which stretch south beyond the Orinoco, and west 
into New-Granada. In the rainy season the Ori- 
noco overflows its banks, and these plains are in- 
undated to a vast extents— In the low country the 
dimate is hot, but in the mountains very pleasant 
and healthy. Earthquakes are common in some 
partk The soil is very fertile. The mountains 
are covered with forests of most valuable timber ; 
the vallies between the mountains contain the 
principal plantations, and produce cocoa, indigo, 
cotton, sugar and tobacco, m abundance; me 
trains furnish immense pastures for numberless 
herds of cattle. Tribes of independent warlike 
Indians occupy the country about the mouths of 
the Orinoco, the whole ooast from the Orinoco to 
the Essequebo, the country west of Lake Maracai- 
bo, and the whole interior of Spanish Guiana. 
By means of the Orinooo and its tributary streams, 
all the country south of the mountains enjoys an 
easy communication with the sea. This river 
forms a natural channel for the conveyance to the 
ocean of the cattle and produce raised on the 
banks of the Apura and its wide spreading branch- 
es. By means of the Meta also, a navigable com- 
munication is opened into New Granula, almost 
to the very foot of the Andes. The flour, and oth- 
er productions of an extensive district near Santa 
Fe de Bogota, are conveyed to market ^the Ori- 
noco in preference to the Magdalene. The pova- 
lation in 1801, acoordinr to the estimate of De- 
pons, was 728,000, of 'vriiom about 186,000 were 
whites, 218/K)0 n^^ dam, 291,000 in$d mn. 



C AA 

and the remainder Indians. In 1822 tha whtAm 
population may be estimated at iaaorm tbsn 
1,000/100, without including the tribes of inde- 
pendent Indians. MostoftlMlndiantribesin this 
country have been brought into subjection to the 
SpanisLrds. The principal remaining unsabdiaed 
are the GooAtrM) the Ouarmmoi, and the Gmrs6*. 
Previous to the late revolution Carsccas vras a col- 
ony of Spain, and the government was entnisied to 
a captain-^eral, who resided at Caraocas. In 
1811 the inhabitants revolted from the Spsmish 
yoke, and declared themselves independent. The 
mother country, however, afterwards snooeeded 
in establishing her authority, but the revolotloiH 
ists have recently again ezpeUed the rojral troopi, 
and Caraocas ii now united with New Graaada 
under one government, and the whole countey 
oonstitntes the Republic of Colombia. Hie prin- 
cipal exports are cacao, indigo, tobacco, ooflbe and 
cattle. The imports are manufactured goods of 
almost every description. The contrabajid trade 
is carried on to such an extent by the foreign colo- 
nies in the neighborhood, that it is imposaibley 
from the custom-house returns, to foim any esti- 
mate of the real value of the imports or exports. 
The Dutch in Curraooa have been engaged in this 
trade for nearly two centuries, and tws Ensliah 
have recently prosecuted it veiy extensively from 
Trinidad, Jamaica, and Guiana ; and such are the 
facilities afibrded l^ the vicinity of these colonies, 
bv the long extent of coast, and by ^e navigsition 
oi the Orinoco, that the government find it wholly 
impossible to suppress it 

CorKMcaf^ city, S. America, and capital of the 
country described in the preceding article, is in a 
valley, between two mountains, a few leagues 
from the coast, elevated 2,000 feet above the level 
of the sea. It contains a university and several 
churches, hospitals, and monasteries. The popu- 
lation, according to the returns in 1802, was 
42,00a On the 26th of March, 1812, this city 
was partly destroyed hj an earthquake, and 12;000 
persons were buried m the ruins. The port ct 
Caraocas, named Guayra, has bad anchorage, but 
by the construction of a mole the road is ffood. 
Lon.66'46'W. Lat 10*30 N. 

CaraeoL See Cahana. 

CaragKOf t. Piedmont, 6 m. W. Coni. Pop. 
7,200. 

Carahiitar. See AphimiL 

Ctarrnnan^ t France, 15 m. E. S. E. Tonlooae. 

CaramaniOj province of A. Turkey, bounded 
N. and W. by Natolia, and S. by the Mediterrane- 
an. Pirates frequently shelter themselves behind 
the promontories of the coast, whence they issiae 
forth to commit their depredations on demoelees 
vessels. The province belongs to the Turkic 
empire, but some peril of it submit with inapa- 
tience to its rule. 

CarammUa^ t New Grenada, in Antioqaia, 65 
leagues N. E. Popayan. Lon. 75* 33' W. Lat. 
5*68'N. 

Ceningas, province, Peru, bounded N. by the 
province of Pacages, £. by Peria, 8. by Lipes, 
and W. by Arica. 

CaranjOj isL 9 m. S. Bombay. 

CartftlUh r* Naples, runs into the Adriatae, 
m. 8. M anfredonia. 

Cortrpetta, t. Naples, in Abrono Ultra, 15 m. 
£. Aqnila. 

CenmOfGipe, onth* N. ooait of Siotly. L«t. 



CAR 

Varatmm, t. Spam, on a rirer of the same 
nami-, 60 m. W. N. W. Murcia: Pop. 8,720. 

t oramggw, t. Lombardy, 10 m. N. Crema. 

CarttTt&, Cape, on the N. E. coast of Marti- 
ar*>. LooL 60" 56' W. Lat 14** 55' N. 

CVmtp, t. Syria, 42 m. E. N. E. Damascus. 

Cfirawangy Cape, on the N. coast of Java, Lon. 
1." lO' E. Lat 5** 45' S. 

Caratpong Pointy the eastern point of Batavia 
tjy. Loo. lOr* 10* E. Lat. 5" 57 S. 

r<xrasa, isl. in the month of the Volga, 70 m. ^ 
Ajtmr-an. 

('arbonara^ t. Naples, 2m. S. 9. E. Ban. Pop. 
l". 17. 

4 crbonaaro^ Cape^ on the S. coast of Sardinia. 
L .I.V V- 49^ E. Lat. 39" 22' N. 

(.'ti '-6ofi«, T. Sj>aini runs into the Gaudalqaivir, 
:> I it* le aboTe bev ille. 

C'ardon^o, t. Spain, 14 m. N. N. W. Segovia. 

( arbonncy t. France, 21 m. S.Toulouse. 

Ccirrafri^, t Spain, in Cordova, 8 m. E. N. E. 

( \^rra'n^ r. Asia, separates Queda from Malacca, 
V'\. runs into the straits of Malacca. Lat. 5* 

{'arcassmme, city, France, and cap. of*Aude, 

• .i \\\^ A tide, which divides it into Upper and 

l.ow€r. The principal manufacture is cloth for 

.'• L*/vant market. 48 m. S. E. Toulouse. Lon. 

i £ V E. Lat. 43* 12' 45" N. Pop. 15/21)0. 

Car Craig^ ifl. Scotland, in the Frith of Forth. 

C arrftfioy t. Hind, in South Canara. Lon. 75" 
\ V: I^t. 13* 12^ N. 

( 'ardailkity t. France, in Lot, 5 m. N. Figeac 
i .p. 1,500. 

frirtiiff\ t. AVales, in OIkmorganshire, on the 
T' if. 3 m. from the Severn. A navigable canal 
• •'iL'^^ts it with the Merthyr Tydvil works, 
-. Vure a great quantity of cast and wrought iron 
- i rought. Not less than -80,000 boxes «f tin 
, iitef^ manidkctured at an extensive work, with- 
L \ miles of Cardiff, are shipped for Bristol. 160 
-L VV. London. Lon. 3" W W. Lat. SI** 28* N. 
r^T 2,157. 

('firdi^€mj a maritime co. of Wales, bounded 
N. I y MerioDetfa and Montgomery, E. by Radnor 
II. a Brecknock, 8. b^ Caermarthenshire, and W. 
''Y the Irish sea. It contains 726 square miles. 
eup. 50,260. Families 1 1,296, of which 5,864 
•»r« pQ«;aged in agriculture, and 1,913 in manu- 
'ufcru res. 

Cardigan, t> Wales, cap. of Cardigan co. on the 
T vry, 2 m. from it* mouth. It owns 10,097 to^s 
.^f "hipping-, which are navigated by 929 seamen. 
'7 fiL W. N. W. Monmouth. Lon. 4" 42' W. Lat 
iV 5*r S. Cardigan Bmf, is W. N. W. of the town. 

Canhna^ t. Spain, in Catalonia, on the Cardone- 
ro, li^fended by ramparts and a castle. It lies at 
'he foot of an immense' rock of salt, which on 
in(* 5iJe of the river is perpendicular, forming a 
:u^ of ^lid salt between 400 and 500 feet in 
' « cht, and nearly 3 miles in circumference. The 
'ill is of various coloura, but generally white ; 
<>1 rases, unis, candlesticks, and other utensils, 
^1 toys, are OMde out of it. The river is salt, 
ill provaa fttal to fish for an extent of 8 miles ; 
?; 11. N. W. Barcelona. Lon. V 31' E. Lat. 41* 
i N. Pc^ 2,800. 

Cardonero, r. Spain, runs into the Llobregat, at 
M-Aflxcs. 

fjard/ius, T. Seotland, on the Leven, 3 m. N. 
W. Dumbarton. 

CartHa* an eEXieanTe tract of eonntry in Fin- 

20 



CAR 



158 



land, now for ihe mast part included in the gov- 
ernment of Wiborg. 

Carmnact t. France, 7 m. N. W. St. C6t€, 

Careutaiv, t France, near the conflux of the 

Douvre and Carentan. Lat. 49* 18' 17" N. Pop. 

2,857. *^ 

CarentiHr, t. France, in Morbihan. Pop. 5,300. 

34m.N.*E. Vannes. 

Carfagnana, district, Italy, in the dutchy of 
Lucca. Pop. 23,000. 

Carhaix, t. France, in Finisterre, 19 m. S. Mor- 
laix. Pop. 1,782. 

Carhamt r. Eng. in Northumberland, 28 m. N. 
W. Alnwick. 

Cariaco, city, S. America, in Cumana, on Cari- 
aco river. Lon. 63" 39' W. Lat. 10" 30' N. Pop. 
6,500. 

Cariaco, gulf, on the coast of S. America, in 
Cumana, into which the river Cariaco empties. 

CariacOy isl. in the W. Indies, dependent on 
Grenada. 

Carinn, the S. W. part of Arracan, between IQ* 
and 17" N. lat 

Cariati Nuovo^ t, Naples, in Calabria Citra, 25 
m. N. St Severino. 

Caribou^ isL in Lake Superior. Lon. 85* 30^ 
W. Lat 47" N. 

Caribou, r. Canada, runs into the Sainiena. Lat. 
48" 29' N. t 

Caribean Sea, a part of the Atlantic, bounded 
N. by Jamaica, St Domingo, Porto Rico, and the 
Virgin islands, S. and W. by the continent, E. by 
the Caribee islands. 

Caribee Islands, a part of the West India islands;' 
extending in the form of a crescent from the isl- 
and of Porto-Rico to the coast of South America. 
They lie between 58" and 65" W. Ion. and be- 
tween 9" and 19" N. lat The chief are Santa 
Cruz, St Martin, St Christopher, Nevis, Anti- 
gua, Montserat, Gaudaloupe, Dominica, Marti- 
nique, St Lucia, St Vincent, Barbadoes, Grena- 
da, Tobago, and Trinidad. They are divided in- ' 
to the Leeward islands consisting of Dominica 
and all north of it, and the Windward islands 
consisting of Martinico and all S. of it 

Caribs^ Indians occupying the coast of Spanish 
Gaiana between the mouths of the Essequebo and 
Orinioo. They have been troublesome neigh- 
bors to the Spaniards but might, it is supposed, be 
easily subdued. 

Caridien, isl. off the W. coast of Ceylon. Lon. 
79"55'E. Lat 8" 30' N. 

Carignano, t. Piedmont, on the Po. 8 m. S. Tu- 
rin, ^op. 7,299. 

Carimon, isl. in the straits of Malacca. Lat 1* N.* 
Carinaeou, one of the Grenadilla islands in the 
W. Indies, with an excellent harbour, 16 m. N. E. 
Grenada. • 

Carinena, t Spain, m Arragon, 20 m. N. Ca- 
lataiud. Pop. 2,036. 

Carini, t Sicily, 17 m, S. W. Palermo. Pop. 
4,000. 

Carmish, Point, on the S. W. coast of Ireland. 
Lon. 9* 58' W. Lat. 5V 37' N. 

Carinola, (an. Forum CUtudiC) t Italy, 28 m. 
N. W. Naples. 

Carinthia, in the old division of the Austrian 
dominilfcs, was a province with the title of dutchy, 
lyin0 between 46" 30' and 47' 6" N. lat and be- 
tween 12" 35' and 15" E. lon. In the modem di- 
vision of ^e empire, this country forms the cir- 
cles of Cla^enfort and Villach, in the kin^om of 
Ulyria. It is a mountainous country, and its chief - 



154 



CAR 



wealth lies in its mines. The lead mines are par- 
ticularly celebruted. See lUyria, 

Carubrookj v. Isle of Wig^ht, remarkable for its 
church and castle, which are of g^reat antiquity ; 
1 m. from Newport. 

Carisio, or Casttl RotsOj t in Greece, at the S. E. 
extremity of the island of Negropout Lon. 24*" 
35' E. Lat.38*4'N. 

CarUbsfi Old^ s-p. Finland. It has a good har- 
bor. 60 m. S. W. Cajana. Lon. 23* 1' E. Lat 
63" SON. 

CarlentirUy L Sicily, 2 m. £. Lientini. Pop. 
4,000. 

CiMrUmardUf t Silesia, 9 dl E. Brieg. 

Carlin^ord^ s-p. Ireland, in Louth. Carling- 
ford bay is a fine haven, with 20 fathom Water but 
is dangerous from rocks. 51 m. N. Dublin, 24 S. 
S.E. Armagh. Lon.G^'B'W. Lat 54" 1' N. 

Carluke city, Eng. in Camberland, very pleas- 
antly situated near the confluence of the Bklen 
and Calden. It was formerly a military post of 
the first importance, and of mat strength. The 
cathedral dedicated to the Holy Trinity is a ven- 
erable structure, partly of Saxon, and partly of 
Gothic architecture. ConsideraUe trade and 
manufactures are carried on here. Pop. 12431. 
96 m. fr. Edinburgh, 104 from Glasgow, 200 
from Dublin, and 301 N. London. Lon. 3" 6' W. 
IM. 54* 50' N. 

Carlitle, t. Middlesex co. Mass. 20 m. N. W. . 
Boetoa. Pop. 681. 

CarlUU^ p-t. Sclioharie co. N. Y. 8 m. N. W. 
Schoharie, 40 m. W. Albany. Pop. 1,58a 

Carlisle^ bor. and p-t. Cumberland co. Pa. 16 m. 
W. Harrisburg, 113 W. Philadelphia. Pop. 2,908. 
Lon. 77" 10' W. Lat 40" 12" N. The situation 
is pleasant and salubrious. It contains houses of 
public worship for Episcopalians, Roman Catho- 
lics, Methodists, Lutherans, and several denomi- 
nations of Presbyterians. Dickinson college was 
founded in this town in 1783, and was, for a num- 
l)er of years a flourishing institution, having a 
president, 3 professors, a complete philosophical 
apparatus, and a library of about 3,000 volumes. 
Its exercines were suspended for several years, but 
are now resumed. 

CarlUlCj p-v. Bourbon co. Ken. 

Carlisle^ p-v. Nicholas co. Ken. 

Carlo, isL in the gulf of Bothnia, ofi* the coast 
of East Bothnia, subject to Russia. Lon. 24* 40^ 
E. Lat. 65" 2' N. 

Carlopago, s-p. Austrian empire, on the Adriat- 
ic. Pop. 12,000. 40 m. S. BukharL . Lon. 15** 
13' E. Lat. 44* 55' N. 

Car/otr, or Caiherhgk, county of Ireland, bomi- 
ded N. and N. W. by Kildare and Queen's co. E. 
by Wicklow and Wexford, and S. W. by Kilken- 
ny. It is about 26 miles long and 23 broad, and 
contains 214 square miles. Pop. about 78,000. 

Carloto, the assize town of Carlow co. Ireland, 
on the east side of the Barrow, 39 m. S. Dublin, 
17 N. Kilkenny. Pop. 6,575. Lon. 6* 63' W. 
Lat 52*49' N. 

Carlowiit, t Austrian empire, on the Danube, 
32 m. N. W. Belgrade. Lon. 20* 3' E. Lat 47* 
25' N. Pop. 5,600. 

CarUbad, t. Bohemia, fiimous for its hot mine- 
ral waters, 6 m. N. £. Ehibogen, 56 W.^rague. 
Lon. 12* 52' E. Lat 50* 12' N. m^ 

CarUfnirg, or CarlsUuU^ fortified t Hanover, 
30 m. N. by W. of Bremen. Lon. 8* 40' E. Lat 
53*32'N. 

C«Lrlaerana^ or Carlieroonf s-p. Sweden, in 



CAR 

Blekingen, on the Baltic, 220 m. 8. a W. Stock- 
holm, is the principal station of the Swadiab na \} 
It is built on five rocky islands, wfaicli are oonntv- 
ted together by bridges. The harbour which i* 
capable of holding 100 shipe of war, is defended hv 
two forts at the entrance and several others in ld^ 
interior. Several noble docks have been formoi 
here at an inmense expense, one of which waf c-tit 
out of the solid rock ; the largest remains in an 
unfinished state. Carlscrona has conaidera^if 
trade and 12,000 inhabitants. Lon. IS"* 33 I. 
tat, 66* 6' 57" N. 

Carhfrldy a mining t in Saxony, 16 m. ^. 
Zwickau. 

Car/<Aamm,a royal staple town, Sweden, on th«> 
Baltic ; with a good harbour, a forlresa, anJ i 
dock-yard. 12 m. W. Carlscrona. Lon. i4' 39' 
E. Lat. 56* 12' N. 

Carlthof, isL in the Pacific Lon. 140^30 \\ 
Lat 15* 45' N. 

Carlsruhey a handsome town in the ^ranl 
dutohy of Baden, the residence of the grand dukt 
and his court. It is about 3 m. from the Riiintr, 
and is laid out on a regular plan with streets diver- 
ging from the centre in the form of radii. Uud'^f 
the late and present grand duke, it has reoeit «^i 
great augmentations and embellishmentB. *i it. 
N. VV. Durlach. Lon. 20* 45' E. Li^ 48*' 59 51 
N. Pop. 15,000. 

Carhiadi, t Austrian empire, 42 m. S. S. f.. 
Laybach, 170 S. by W. Vienna. Lon. 15' 50 I 
Lat 45* 34' N. 

Carlsiadt, province of Sweden, comprising i:.e 
whole of Warmeland. Sq. miles 6,57&, ~i^>. 
1 35,438. Chief town, Carlstadt 

Carlttadi, t Sweden, on the island of Tinrwon7>, 
at the influx of the CUira-£l^ or Star-EU, iLt 
lake Werner, 160 m. W. Stockhohn. Lon. 1;^ v* 
E. Lat 59* ^ N. 

CofUtadi, t. Bavaria, on the Maine, 12ni. X. W 
Wurtzburg. Pop. 2^200. 

Cnrlton, v. Eng. in Bedford, 5 m. fmm Olnrv. 

Carmagneija, t Piedmont, on the Po ; one oi' rl ' 
strongest places on the Piedmontese frontier, li ^^ t 
is carried on a great trade in cloth, hempiv snd \^,r- 
ticularly in silk. 12 m. S. S. E. Turin. Lon. T* 
43* E. Lat 44* 50' N. Pop. 12,000. 

Camiatfien, See Caermarthen. 

Carmd, Mount, Palestine, a fruitful mountain, 
on the Mediterranean, on the N. side oTtlve buy w 
Acre. 

CarmeU p-t. Penobscot co. Maine, 15 m. AV. 
Bangor. Pop. 15a 

CarmeL, p-t. Putnam co. N. Y. 26 m. S. £. 
Poughkeepsie. Pop. 2,247. 

Carfnen, isL near the coast of Norway. Lat 
59* SO' N. 

Carmiy p-t and cap. White co. Illinois, on live 
Little Wabash, 20 m. above its mouth, 40 N. 
Shawneetown. 

Carmona, (an. Carmo,) t Spain, 20 m. N. F. 
Seville. Pop. 12,685. 

Carmonoj t Spain, 15 m. from Toledo. Pop. 
2,400. 

CarmuUa, t Hind. 70m.N. Bejapour. Lon. 
75* 32'E. Lat 18*23' N. 

Comae, r, Egypt, occupying a part of the site 
of ancient T^^efref. 

Carwanart, r. Ireland, fidli into Gahray baj. 

Carruuvon, See Caernarvon. 

Camatie, a province extending along the T^ 
coast of Hindostan, about 560 miles loi^, by front 
50 to 100 broad, comprehending what lately form- 



CAR 

«l the dfuuuimia of the nabob of Aieot The 
cUmate ia liable to exoeanre heats, especiallj 
dnnoig somoier. On aocoont of the extreme 
seafcitj of water, large tanks or artificial ponds 
haTe been constrooted in manj jplaces. The 
couatry ia alao liable to frequent famines. Most 
of the inhabitanta are Hindoos : Mahometans and 
Chriatians forming but a small proportion of tiie 
fopulatioD. The principal towns are Arcot, 
Caddalore, Madraa, Madura, Ongolo, Pondicher- 
ry, Tai^ore, Tinnevelly, Trichinopoly, and V'el- 
kre. In 1801 the whole territory, with the ex- 
emption of a small portion reserved by the nabob, 
was oeded to the British, who divided it into eight 



CAR 



155 



Cmmmd, a celebrated t Hind, in lat. 29^ 42' N. 
k>n.76*4r£. 
Camut^ cape, Scotland. Lon. 2° 48' W. Lat 

Camenille^ p-t. and cap. Franklin co. Geo. 110 
».from Augusta. 

Car Aaester, the most northern of the Nicobar 
wiandit, and the laieest of the whole, being about 
75 mAea in dicuit Lon. 93^ 12' £. Lat &* 
KK N. 

Cmmimla^ formerly a province of the Austrian 
empire, with the title of dutchy, bounded N. by 
Carinthia, N. £. by Styria, £. and S. £. by Croa- 
tin, S. by Dalmatia and the Adriatic, and W. by 
iatria, Friuli» and the county of Goritz, containing 
4,700 square miles, with a population in 1807, of 
400,604. ' It fonnerly formed with Styria, Carin- 
thia, Frittli, and the territory of Trieste, the di- 
viston of the empire called Inner Austria^ but 
siaoe 1816, it has composed the circles of Lay- 
haeh, Neuatadt, and Adelsburg, in a new division * 
flf the onpire called the kingdom of lUjrria. See 

This province contains a number 6f iron mines. 
QoiekailTer is found near Ostraga ; and the fa- 
noas minea of that metal at Idria may likewise be 
cQiaidered as belonging to this province. Cinna- 
bar ia obtsuned in tlw county of Gomor, to the 
amoODt of 6,000 or 7,000 cwt. per annum. The 
iahabilants are for the most part of Sclavonian 
extraction and are called by the Germans Wen- 
den, or Vandals. The number of pure Germans 
does not exceed 30,000. 

Carwulj t and district, Hind. Lon. IT 68^ E. 
Latl5*50rN. 

Cmnuorty the S. E. point of Ireland. Lon. 6*" 
»W. Lat 52" UN. 

Carola&i^ principality, in Prussian Silesia, inclo- 
sed by the circles of Glogau, Freystadt, and Grun- 
ben;. Extent about 100 square miles.^ 

&reimBk,Lay t Spain, in Andalusia, 20 m. N. 
IL Anduxar. Lon. 3" 36' 13^ W. Lat 38* 17' 6" N. 
Pop. about 3,000. 

CafUna^ (Abr/^) one of the U. S. bounded N . 
by Virginia ; E. by the Atlantic ; S. by S. Caro- 
lina and Georgia, and W. by Tennessee. It ex- 
ioida from lat 33° 50r to 36*30' N. and from lon. 
75* 45' to 84'* W. and contains 48,000 square 
milea. 

Along the whole coast of N. Carolina is a ridge 
of sand, separated from the main land, in some 
l^aeea by mrrow Sounds, in oUiers by broad Bays. 
The paaaagea or inlets through it are shallow and 
dangvroiia, and Qciacoke inlet is the only one 
north of Cape Fear, through which vessels pass. 
In the counties on the sea coast, the land is low, 
and covered wi^ etxtensive swamps and marshes, 
and for 60 or 80 miles from the shore is a dead 



level. Beyond this, the country swells into hills, 
and in the most western part rises into mountains. 
Among the productions are pitch pine, cotton, to- 
bacco, wheat, rye, barley, oats, hemp, and Indian 
com. Coal has lately been found in Chatham 
county* and lead ore a few miles N. of Raleigh. 
The principal rivers, beginning in the east, are the 
Chowan, Roanoke, Pamlico, Neuse, Cape Fear, 
Yadkin, Catabaw, and Broad. Most of the pro- 
duce of North Carolina is exported from the 
neighbouring states. Not a single point has yet 
been found on the coast, within the limits of the 
State, at which a safe and commodious port could 
be ef^tablished. Hitherto the productions of the 
northern parts of the State, lying on the Roanoke 
and its branches, and also on the upper parts of the 
Tar and Neus^, have been sent to the markets of 
Virginia ; and the trade of Broad river, the Ca- 
tabaw, and the Yadkin has gone to South Caro- 
lina. The principal exports are pitch, tar, tur- 
pentine, lumber, rice, cotton, tobacco, wheat and ^ 
Indian com. The value of the exports from the 
ports of North Carolina in 18^, was only 
1808,319 The value of the manufiictures in 
1810 was estimated at |6,6d3,152. 

Since the year 1815, the state has been sealous- 
ly engaged in the business of internal improve- 
ments. It is intended to improve the navigation 
of the inlets and sounds, so as to open a direct and 
easy communication with the ocean ; to remove 
the obstructions in the navigation of the principal 
rivers ; to connect the rivers by navigable canals ; 
to improve the roads ; and to drain the marshes 
and swamps of the eastern and southern counties. 
In the prosecution of these plans, skilful engineers 
have been employed for several years in making 
the necessary surveys, and several private compa- 
nies have been formed under the patronage of the 
state. In 1819, the legislature appropriated for 
the purpose of internal improvements, the pro- 
ceeds of the sale of all the Cherokee lands, which 
have lately come into possessioif of the state. The 
population in 1790, was 393,751; in 1800, 
478,103 ; in 1810, 555,500 ; in 1820, 638,829, of 
whom 205^17 were slaves, and 14,612 free blacks. 
Engraged in agriculture 174,196, in commerce 
2,551, in manufactures 11,844. The slaves are 
principally confined to the low country. The 
western parts of the state are settled by Scotch" 
Irish emigrants. Almost all the country between 
the Catabaw and the Yadkin is thus peopled. 
The Moraviang^ in 1751, purchased a tract of 
100,000 acres, lying between the head waters of 
the Yadkin and the Dan, and it now contains a 
number of flourishing 'villages. Within a few 
years, there has been much zeal displayed iA the 
establishment of academies and schools. Previous 
to 1804, there were but 2 academies in the state. 
The number at present is 30, and is rapidly in- 
creasing ; and there is a flourishing university at 
Chapel Hill, called the University of North Car- 
olina. The Methodists and Baptists are the pre- 
vailing denominations of cliristians, especially ia 
the low country. The Scotch-Irish are Presbyte- 
rians, and there are also in the western parts of 
the state a few settlements of Germadliutherana 
and German Calvinists. The legislative power 
is vested in a general assembly, consisting of a sen- 
ate and house of commons. The senators are 
chosen annually, one from each county. The 
members of the house of commons are chosen 
annually, two from each county, and one from 
each of the six principal towns. The executiye 



156 



CAR 



power is retted in a governor, and a oouncil of 7 
persooi, all of whom are chosen annually by a 
joint ballot of the two houses. Raleigh is the seat 
of government 

CarolinOf (Souif^i one of the U. S. bounded N. 
and N. £. by North Carolina ; & £. by the At- 
lantic ; and S. W. by Geoi*gia, from which it is 
separated by Savannah river. It extends from 
lat. 32" to 35** 8* N. and from lon.78° 24' to 83° 3ff' 
W. containing 24^000 square miles. Pop. in 1790, 
239^3: in 1800,345,591; in 1810, 415,1 10, and 
1820, whites 243,244; slaves 251,783; free 
blacks 6,714 : total 502,741 ; engaged in agricul- 
ture 161,560, in commerce 2,588, in manufactures 
6,488. 

The sea coast is bordered with a fine chain of 
islands, between which and the shore there ia a 
very convenient navigation. The main land is 
naturally divided into the Lower and Upper 
country. The low country extends 80 or 100 
9 miles from the coast, and is covered with extensive 
forests of pitch pine called pine barrens, inter* 
spersed with swamps and marshes of a rich soil. 
After leaving the low country in proceeding into 
the interior, you first pass through a region of 
little sand hills, resembling the waves of the ocean 
in a high sea. This curious country, sometimes 
oalled the middle country, continues for 50 or 60 
miles, till you arrive at the Ridge^ which is a re- 
markable tract of high ground as you approach it 
from the sea, but level as you advance from the 
N. W. Beyond this ridge, commences a fine 
healthy country of hills and dales, terminating in 
the western extremity of the state, in lofty moun- 
tains.— The banks of the large rivers and the 
creeks in the low country, are bordered with a ' 
belt of excellent land, producing cotton and 
maize in abundance ; the marshes and swamps in 
this district make fine rice plantations ; and some 
of the low grounds between the sand hills in the 
middle district, f^ suitable for agriculture and 
pasturage : but with these exceptions, the whole 
country below the Ridge has a sandy barren soil, 
not worth cultivation. The soil of the upper 
country is ^nerally strong and productive. — 
Cotton and rice are the stable productions of the 
vtate. The climate and soil are well adapted to 
tobacco, grain, and indigo, and these were for- 
merly cultivated to a great extent : but since the 
invention of the machine to cleanse upland cotton 
from its seeds, the cultivation of cotton has be- 
come so profitable, that almost every thing else is 
neglected. 

The climate of the Upper country is ^healthy 
fct all seasons of the year. In the low country, 
the summer months are sickly, particularly Au- 
gust and September and at this season the climate 
frequently proves fatal to strangers.— The princi- 
pal rivers beginning in the N. £. are the Pedee, 
Santee, Cooper, Ashley, Edisto, Combahee, and 
Savannah. — There is a canal, 22 miles long, con- 
necting Santee and Cooper rivers, by which the 
produce of a large section of this state, and of the 
western part of N. Carolina, is brought to the city 
of Charleston. 

South Okrolina college, at Columbia, has been 
liberally patronized by the state. Colleges have 
been also incorporated in Abbeville district, in 
Beaulbrt and in Winnsborough, but they have not 
taken a higher rank than academies. Free schools 
are established throughout the state, and the sum 
of 1^30,000 annually, has been appropriated by the 
legiiliiture, for their support— The most numa* 



CAR 

roQs religious denominations are MetfaodiaiB as! 
Baptists. Next to them are the Presbyierian* 
and Episcopalians. — The legislature oonsists ctf s 
senate and house erf" representatives. Tbe senatp 
is chosen evecy four years, and the representati ve? 
every two years, by districts. Tbe eoTem<M- i< 
chosen every two years by a joint baUotof both 
houses. 

In 1820, South Carolina wis the third Stale in 
the Union, in the value of her exports. T^ 
amount was ^8,882,940, and consisted almost 
wholly of domestic produce. The staple of the 
State is cotton. The other articles are rioe, lam> 
ber, pitch, tar, turpentine, kc A lar|;e part uT 
this produce is exported in ships, belong^ing to the 
merchants of the northern States. Chsule^too is 
the largest town in the State, and the oentre of its 
commerce. Columbia is the seat of goTcmmcHit 
Carolinef p-t Tioga co^N. Y. 12 m. N. £. Spen- 
oer. Pop. 1,608. 

Carohne^ oo. Md. on the eastern shore, biMmded 
N. W. by Queen Anne co. E. by 'Dekwaie, S. by 
Dorchester CO. and W. by Talbot. Pop.ia»108; 
slaves 1,574 ; engaged in agriculture 9^7, in 
commerce 97, in manufactures 272. Chi^ L 
Denton. 

Caroline, eo. Va. on the S. side of the Rappa- 
hannock. Pop. 18,008 ; slaves 10,999; vtg^ed m 
agriculture 4^624, in commerce 31, in mannibe. 
tures 286. Chief town, Bowlinggreen. 

Caroiine Jtlandt, or Jfew Phiiimnnesj in the Pa- 
cific, consist of several groups lying east of tbe 
Pelew islands, and stretching from 138" to IfiCT E. 
Ion. and from T^iol V N. lat. They are claim- 
ed by the Spaniards, and are inhabited by a mild 
and friendly peojde. 
Caromataj isl. off the W. coast of Borneo. 
Caromb^ L France, 18 m. N. E. AvigxK»n. 
Carondolet^ or^Fide poehe^ v. St Lonia ca, Mis- 
souri, on the Mississippi, opposite Cahoioa, 6 m. 
below St Louis. It is a French settlement of about 
60 houses. 

Carom, lai^e r. S. America, falls into the Orino- 
co on the S. side, 72 leaguesfrom its month, ailer a 
course of more than 400 miles. 

Caroon Beled, or Beiet^ an extensive maas of ra- 
ins, situated upon the lake of the same name, and 
which appear to be the remains of the celebtated 
building called the Labyrinlh of Egypt 

Ciaroon, Birket e/, (an. Moerit) a considerable 
lake in Faioum, in Egypt, about 50 miles kmr and 
10 broad. 

Caroor, t. Hind, in Coimbetoor, on the Amar- 
wati, 42 m. W. Trichinopoly. 

Caro/a, city, Venezuela. The inhabitants are 
chiefly engaged in rearing oxen, mules, horses, 
sheep, goats, &c. 45 m.E. lake Maracaibo^270 W. 
Caraccas. Lat 9" 50' N. 
Carouge^i. France, 12 m. N. W. Aleneon. 
Carot^e, Pointy the N. extremity of St Do- 
mingo. 

Car^rignon t Naples, in Terra d'Otranto ; 3 m. 
£. Ostuni. Pop. 2,819. 

Carp River, runs into the S. side of Lake Superior, 
30 m. W. of the La Train. ^ 

Carpanedoy t Italy, 10 m. N. Baasano. 
Catjmthian Mouniams, an extensi've chain of 
mountains, which reaches from tbe borders of 
Saxony to the Black sea, separating Moravia from 
Silesia ; Transylvania and Hungary from the Bn- 
kowine and Galicia ; and Walachia from Moklavisu 
Most of its fluamitt are covered with peipetna] 



CAR 

b, t Auftrian Italy, oik the Serio- 
)4><:tue9e, 15 m. S. S. £. BiwMia. Pop. 4,000. 
CarpaiiBHmy Qui/ oft on the N. coast of New- 
f foliand. It stretches inbreadth5"30' of longitude 
from Endeavour Strait to Cape Wilberforoe, and 
r of Jatitnde in depth. Lon. 130" 50^ £. Lat lO' 
20 S. 
Carpenier^s PoirUj p-v. Orange co. N. Y. 
CarpenirtUft, France, on the Anson, in Vaudnse, 
12 m. N. E. Ayignon,38 N. W. Aix. Lon.5''3'E. 
Ut.44*3rN. Pop. 9,000. 
Carpi, t. Italy, in Modena, 24 in. S. Mantua. 
Carpij t. Venetian Territory, on the Adige, 5 m. 
S. Legnmno. 

Carpte, t. Spain, 22 m. £. Cordova. Pop. 
4<0OO. 

Carra^ r. Ireland, runs into Dingle bay. 
Carroco, Xrfz, s-p. Spain, 6 m. £. Cadiz. 
Cammlajra IjOf^oon^ a laige gulf on the S. side 
<>r the bay of Honduras. Lon. 83* W. Lat. 15*^32' 
\. CarrmkUuea Shoals extend from it 40 miles. 
Lon 83^ W. Lat-irN. 

C^vrrofo^ t, Italy, in the dutchy of Massa, long 
ceiot rated for its qnarries of beautiful marble, 
which ia of different colours, and adapted to dii- 
ff^reut uaes, some kinds being employed in build- 
ixiT^ and others in statuary ; 5 m. N. W. Massa, 22 
N.W. Lucca, Lon.W4'E. Lat. 44'* 3' N. Pop. 
;i.44a 

Corrtftetfn Sea, See Canbean Sta, 
Carriek onShamwn^ t and cap. of Leitrim co. 
Ireland, 36 m. S. Ballyshannon. 

Carriek •« SMir,t. Ireland, in Tipperary. Pop. 
J^xA 1 1,000 ; . 1 2 m. N. W. Waterford, 70 N. W. 
Dublin. Lon.T'8'W. Lat 52*23' N. 

C«mdy«^j,* s-p. Ireland, in Antrim, on Bel- 
fa5t loogh, or Carrickfergus bay. It was once the 
priocipal seaport in the north of Ireland, but its 
inde has been transferred to Belfast Pop. 3,400. 
s m. fr. Belfiut^ 86 fr. Dublin. Lon. 6* 2' W. Lat 

Carrion., r. Spain, which rises in Asturias among 
the Cantabrian mountains and runs into the Pisu- 
erf:a belaw Paleocia. 

Carrion ielos Condes^ t Spain, in Leon ; 40 m. 
W.Bujwe. Pop. 2,800. 

Carrag, r. Wales, &Us into the sea 4 m. S. S. W. 
Caemftnoii. 

CarroitotLt p-v. Green co. Illinois. 

CfffTon, V. Scotland, in Stirling, on Carroft riv- 
er, which falls into the Forth. Iron works, now 
•tmoac the most extensive in Great Britain, were 
erected here in 1760. There are about twenty 
iumaccis, and the whole works employ more than 
iOQO persons. All kinds of iron goods are manu- 
Wturad at Carron : heavy oidnanoe, cylinders, 
•tf>am-engine8, pumps, boilers, flies, wheels, and 
pinions, together with other ponderous apparatus 
i-ed m war, or the arts ; 2 m. N. W. Falkirk, 26 
N. W. Edinbuigh. 

CarroKge^ t Savoy, 3 m. fr. Geneva. 

Carr^ Roek, on the N. shore of the frith of Forth, 
Dear its mouth« 

Corrv, t Piedmont, on the Tanaro, 4 m. S. Bene. 
Pop- 44XJO. 

Caryying^oT Pwiofte River^ Ohio, runs into the 
S. W. end of Lake Erie, 15 m. from Sandusky. 

Carf, r. Scotland, falls into the Clyde, 3 m. N. 
Msley. 

Cartoffo, city, capital of Costa-Rica, in Guati- 
msla* about 10 l^igues from the Atlantic, and 
about 17 from the Pacific. Lon. 8^30' W. Lat 



CAR 



tSl 



Cartage city of Popayan, near the river Cauca. 
75 m. N. E. Popayan. Lat 4* 46' N. Pop. 5 or 
64)00. 

Cariamti, r. S. America, in Antioqoia, runs into 
the Cauca. 

Carter, co. Tennessee, bounded N. by Sullivan 
CO. £. by N. Carolina, S. W. by Washington co. 
Pop. 4,^; slaves 345 ; engaged in agriculture 
980. Chief town, Elizabethtown. 

Carier*8 bay, on the N. W. coast of America. 
Lat52'58'N. 

CarUrety maritime co. N.C. on Core and Pamlico 
Sounds. Pop. 5,609; slaves 1,329 ; engaged in ag- 
riculture 664, in commerce 275, in manufactures 
167. Chief town, Beaufort. 

CartereVt Harbor, on the S. W. coast of New* 
Holland. Lon.l5ri9'E. Lat5»& 

CartereCt Idand, in the S. Pacific Lon. 154*' 
14' E. Lat 8" 26' S. 

CarlerU Store, p-v. Halilax co. Va. 

CarUrnOle^ p-v. Cumberland co. Va. 48 m. fi-om 
Richmond. 

Carthage. The remains of this great city, the 
ancient emporium of northern Africa and empress 
of the sea, are situated on a promontory 12 miles 
£. IV. £. of Tunis, but can now scarcely be distin- 
guished by a suiperficial observer. The harbor 
has been filled by the action of the winds and a 
change in the bed of the river whidi fell into it 
There are no remains of the ancient walls, arches 
or pillars. The cisterns, however, still repiain al- 
most entire, and are on a magnificent scale. The 
great aqueduct which brought the water from a 
distance of 50 miles, may be traced through the 
whole of its course. 

Carthage, p-v. Jefferson co. N. T. 

Carthage, v. in Brighton, Ontario co. N. Y. at 
the lower falls of the Genesee, 5 m. from Lake 
Ontario, and about 30 N. W. Canandaigua. Car- 
thage bridge, erected across the Genesee, lately 
fell. It consisted of a single arch of 352 feet chora, 
resting on abutments of solid rock, which rise to 
the height of 150 feet. 

Carriage, p-v. Moore co. N. C. 

Carthagf, p-t. and cap. Smith co. Ten. on the 
N. side of Cumberland river, opposite the mouth of 
Caney fork, 50 m. £. N: £. Nashville. 

Carthage, v. Hamilton co.Ohio, 6 m. N. Cincin- 
nati. 

Carthage, t Athens co. Ohio. Pop. 312. 

Carthagena, or Cartagena, s-p. Spain, on the 
coast of Murcia. It was founded by the Cartha- 
genian general Asdrubal. It is protected by a fort, 
and possesses the best harbor in the Mediterranean. 
It consists of a natural basin of great depth, reach- 
ing close to the town, and secur^ from every wind 
by the surrounding hills and by an island near the 
entrance. The town lies on a peninsula in this 
basin, has good spring water, and a large and well 
stored arsenal. A manufactory of sail-cloth is 
carried on by tlie inhabitants. Pop. 25,000. Lon. 
rO'2rW. Lat 37^35' 50" N. 

Carthagena^ a province of S. America, in New 
Grenada, bounded N. by the Caribbean sea, S. by 
Antioquia, E. by Santa Martha, from which it is 
divided by the great river Magdalene, W. by Da- 
rien. It contains about 60,000 whites, 13,000 In- 
dians, and 7,000 negro slaves. 

Carthagena, city, S. America, in New Grenada, 
on a sandy island, artificially connected at the west 
end with the main land. The harbor is spicions, 
defended from every wind, with a sufficient depth 
of water, and good anchorage, bat the entrance is 



158 



CAS 



very narrow. The cUmate is ezoettively hot and 
unhealthy, bat the advantageous situation of the 
town has, notwithstanding, made it a place of «x* 
tensive trade. Its wealth and importance has 
caused it to be frequently pillaged by the. English 
and French, and during the contest which is now 
carrying on between Spain and her colonies, it has 
frequently been taken and retaken by the contend- 
ing parties. Lon. TT Sff W. Lat IcySCN. 
Pop. 34,000. 

Carthagena^ r. 9. America, enters the Pacific at 
tile cape of Corrientes. 

Corihkmnp^ r. Wales, runs into the Tare, 7 m. 
W. 8. W. Caermarthen. 

Cartwelj t Eng. 16 m. from Lancaster. 

Carver^ p-t Plymouth co. Mass. 8 m. E. Plym- 
outh, 50 S. E* Boston. Pop. 839. Here is a pond 
containing iron ore. The iron is of a superior 
quality, and 500 tons have been obtained in a 
year. 

Carvers river, Missouri Territory, which runs 
into the St Peters on the N. side about 40 m. 
above the junction of the latter with the Missis- 
sippi. ' 

Carwar, s-p. Hind. 45 m. E. Goa. Lat 14^ 
4TN. 

Cary^ r. Ireland, runs into th#eea near Bally- 
castle. 

Casabar. See Durgui. 

Catacy a country of Persia, in Armenia, nom- 
inally subject to Persia, but ruled by its own prin- 
ces. 

Coioda. See Catdaga. 

Com Grande, t Mexico, in Sonora, on the Rio 
GUa. Lon-liyayE. Lat.3y40'N. 

Casaie, or Catal^ t Piedmont, cap. of thtfdutchy 
of Montserrat, on the Po, near the site of the 
ancient Seduta, 35 m. 8. W. Milan, 37 N. E. 
Turin. Lon. 8" 19' E. Lat 45° W N. Pop. 
15,000. 

CasaU^t of the Austrian states, in the Paduan, 
6 m. S. W. Montagnana. 

Catale Maggiore^ t Lombardy, on the Po, SO m. 
E. S. E. Cremona. Pop. 6,624. > 

CataU MoranOy t. Italy, 12 m. N. W. Cremona. 

Ceuai J^TuovOj t Naplej, in Terra d*Otranto ; one 
in Capitanata, 1 1 m. N. Lucera ; one in Lombar- 
dy, 5 m. W. Cremona ; one in the grand dutchy of 
Tuscany ; one in Naples, pop. 3,510. 15 N. Po- 
licastro; one in Naples, 15 m. N. Tursi. 

CataU'Ptuiertengo^L Lombardy, 10 m. S. E. 
Lodi. 

Catal vitri, t Naples, in Terra di Lavora. Pop. 



Catalegio, v. Italy, in Parma, dutchy of Placen- 
cia, 6 m. S. W. Piacenza. 

Ctttan. See Katan, 

Casanara^ r. Venezuela, falls into the Meta, 
about 75 leagues above its junction with the Ori- 
noco. By means of this river, and of the river 
Meta, the inhabitants of Santa Fe can carry their 
produce into Guiana. 

Casarriibiosy t Spain, 25 m. S. W. Madrid. 

Cathin^ city of Persia, in Irak, on a great sandy 
plain. It is one of the most extensive cities in 
Persia The manufactures and trade of Casbin 
are considerable, this city being open to Georgia, 
Azerbijan, Ghilan, and the Caspian sea. 240 m. 
N. N. W. Ispahan. Lon. 49" 33* E. Lat JC* ir N. 
Pop. 60,000. 

taSmonOj t. Naples, in Calabria Citra, 6 m. W. 
Strongoli. 



CAS 

Caseadeiy hU dts in the 6t Lawrence, mt iU en- 
trance into Lake St Louis. 

Catcae$y s-p. Portugal, on the N.side of the T»«- 
gus, at its mouth. 15 m. W. Lisbon. Lat ^o" 
44 N. Cape Cascaes is 2 m. S. W. 

Caaekau or Cassoma, cap. of Upper Hunsrnrv, 
100m. S.Cracow, 105 N E. Buda. Pop. 7,9aC». 
Lon.20"40'E. Lat49»40'N. 

Cateiruh t Piedmont, 10 m. S. W. Alexandria. 

Ca$co ba^y isl. N. Brunswick, in PassamA- 
quoddy bay. 

Cateo bay, Maine, a beautiful bay, the entrance 
of which is between Cape Elizabeth on the S. W. 
and Cape Small Point on the N. E. and 1840 mil e> 
wide. It receives Fore river, Presumpseut au-i 
several other rivers, and indents the shore with 
numerous arms, among which is the haibor i>t' 
Portland . Over the bay are spread more than tOi 
small islands, some of which are inhabited aol 
nearly all cultivated ; the largest is Long hi an J 
34 miles in length. The channels between the 
islands are navigable and afford fine ancfaomf^e 
for vessels, particularly the sound formed by Lc^ii^ 
Island. 

Catdaga^ small lake, Chatauque co. N. Y. about 
8 m. from Dunkirk on Lake Erie. It is connectfi j 
by a river of the same name, 40 miles long, with 
the Conewango. The river is navigable through- 
out its course for boats of 20 tons. 

CasertOy or Caseerta J^ora^ t. Naples, in Terra di 
Lavora, noted for its magnificent palJMse. 15 m. 
E. Capua, 13 N. E. Naples. 

Casey, co. Ken. Pop. 4^349; slaves 456 ; ei^;a;«^i 
in agriculture 1,033, in commerce 18, in manu- 
factures 46. Chief town, Elizabeth. 

Cathan, or /faiAan, city, Persia, in IraJr, one ft' 
the most flourishing in the empire. Coloured aoi^ 
flowered silks, the latter of exquisite beauty, aro 
manufactured here ; also carpets and cotton ricth, 
utensils of cupper, gold, and silver. Pop. estima- 
ted at 30,000. 106 m. N. Ispahan. Lon. 51" 17 
E.Lat33»55'N. 

CatkrcUrp seWemeni, p-v. Johnson co. Illittors. 

CasheUy city, Ireland, in Tipperary, an ainchie- 
piscopal see, about 3 m. from the river Suir, 31 N. 
W. Waterford. Pop. about 3,000. 

Cashgar. See Kathgar. 

Cathie, r. N. C. runs into Albemaale sound, 
near the mouth of the Roanoke. 

Cdshmere, a province of Hind, belonring to thr 
Afghans ; it is about 90 milA long, and neaHy of 
an oval form, situated chiefly between 34^ and J6' 
N. lat. and between 73* and 76° E. lon. It i<t a 
fertile valley, surrounded on all sides by moun- 
tains, which prevent communication except throu irti 
seven passes. The mode of transporting gofids 
through these passes, is on men^s shoulders, the 
roads beiii^ impracticable either for hemes, bul- 
locks, or mules. There are guards potted at each 
of these passes, who examine all strangers ; anJ 
no one is allowed to quit the country without a 
passport. Innumerable rivulets descend ixi all 
sides from the mountains, and after spreading ver- 
dure and fertility over every part of the val- 
ley, fall into the river Jhelum, which breaks 
through the mountains. From its elevatctl 
situation the climate of Cashmere is delight- 
ful, and the fruits and flowers of both xones are 
found in the greatest abundance. This beautiftil 
valley was for a long time the favorite retreat of 
the emperors of Hindostan during the hot moulh< 
of the year, and the oriental poefes vie with each 



CAS 

other in oetobntiiur its praises. The principel 
source of vealth of Cashmere is its delicate and 
u II ri railed nuinaiacture.of shawU; the wool or 
tiutr <ii which the shawl is made, is produced by a 
?>^ar found only in Thibet, from wh«)ce tne Cash- 
in* re mcn^ants are supplied with the wooh 
During the late revolutions in the Afghan govern- 
UK' lit the governor of Cashmere revolted, and 
f r.ti t iiiaea to maintain his independence. Its prin- 
ci\tAl towns are Serinaghur and Islamabad. 

Cashmere^ called also Serinaghur, the capital of 
Llie above province, is in Ion. 73^ 43^ £. Lat. 34*" 
iu N . oD the Jhfelum, over which there are five 
MrD4j;^ien bridges. Many of the houses are three 
.•tMnes high, and are principally built of wood, 
'j'here are no public buildings of any consequeuce 
ill the city, but in the envurons there are the re- 
m:iinj of aeverul handsome palaces budt by the em- 
iKrrors of Hindostan. 

Cash rietTj N. W. Territory, runs into Lake Su- 
p* nor, 3 m. E. Dead river. It is 30 yards wide 
ar its mouth. 

CizM rieer^ Illinois, runs into the Ohio, 15 m. be* 
\»>w WiUdnitonville. 

Cask^y district. Hind, tributary to Nopaul, be- 
tween 2Sr and 29^ N. lat. and about 83° £. Ion. 
Cajfiar» See Ccuarea. 

CarikU^ t on the W. coast of Natolia. Lat. 37* 
^ S. 

CattnuTyOT Canmf, (an. EietUherui^) r. Syria, 
I'liil^ into the sea, 4 m. N. Suir. 

CanmirMmrgy a fortified place of Pomerania, on 
the Baltic, 13 m. E. N. E. Colbeig. 

Cusinoy r. Naples, runs into the sea, 2 m. N. W. 
CajeStilo. 

Casa, isl. in the Mediterranean, 6 m. 3. Scar- 
pa nlo. 

Ca^ty t Spain, in Arragon, on the Ebro, 44 m. 
S. E. Sarragossa. Pop. 8,200. 

Caspian Sea, an inland sea of Asia, bounded N. 
^ y Russia, E. by Tartaiy, S. by Persia. It is 646 
uiue^ ioug, from N. to S. ami 265 in extreme 
b.T'aiith. , The water is as salt as that of the ocean, 
•- il lias a bitter taste. Numerous rivers run into 
the Caspian, and among them the Volga, the lar- 
^r^t river in Europe, yet the lake has no visible 
OQ tlet. The navigation of this sea is dangerous, 
owing to the numerous shallows. There are ma- 
ny ports, but few of which are safe and commodi- 
ous for shipping. Stuigeon, salmon, and other fish 
tn caught in great quantities, and a number of 
mi all vessels leave Aetracan every wason, for the 
seal fishery on the Caspian. 

C'ojrpian, or Beautifulj lake^ in Greensboroogb, 
V't. It is a bead-water of the Lamoil. 

CocM^pte, t. France, in Aveyron, 14 m. S. 
Rhodez. Pop. 1,432. 

CoMmndrOy Gvlfofy on the coast of £u. Turkey, 
kk the north-west part of the archipelago, east of 
ttio gulf of Saloniki. Lon. 23" SC E. Lat. 40" N. 

Castandrm JVbeo, t Eu. Turkey, 15 m. S. £. Sa- 
loniki. 

CasstmOf U Naples, in Calabria Citra, 119 m. 
E. 5. E. Naples. Pop. 4,000 ; one in Principato 
Ultra, 12 m. W. Conza. Pop. 2,106. 

Cowflmo nil Adia^ t. Lombardy, 16 m. N. £. 
Milan. 

CoMOyt caUed also Meckley, or Muggalow, a 
province of the Binnan empire, lying between 23" 
and 26" N. lat. and between 93" and 96" £. lon. 
bounded N. by Assam, W. by Bengal, S.'and E. 
by .Ava. |t is goremed by a rajah, who is triba- 



CAS 



U» 



tary to the Binnan monarchs ; and its inhabitants 
are Hindoos, many of them brahmins. The coun- 
try is mountainous and very poor. 

Coisebitry Ghauiy a mountainousjpass. Hind. 2S 
m. N. Chandor. 

Cauely t. Germany, cap. of the electorate of 
Hesse, (called from it Hesse Cassel.) It is on the 
Fulda. The great school, called Colkgium Carih 
Imumy was founded here in 1709. The trade of 
this place is not of great importance, but there ai« 
some manufactories of china, earthen ware, and 
woollen stuffs. 50 m. S. £. Paderborn, 84 N. £. 
CoblenU. Lon. 9" 35' 18" E. Lat. 51" 19* 20'' N. 
Pop. 19,000. 

Catsel, or MonUaudy t. France, in the dep. of 
the North, 15 m. S. £. Dunkirk, 158 N. Paris. 
Lon. r 29' 24'' E. Lat. 50" 47' 54" N. Pop. 3,601. 

Cassely t. Germany, in the grand dutchy of 
Ilesse, on the ri^ht bank of the Rhine, opposite 
Mentz,,with which it has communication by a 
bridge of boats. 

CasselU, t Piedmont, 6 m. N. Turin. Pop. 
9,500. 

CaueWt siorcy p-v. Amelia co. Va. 

Casteneuily t France, in Lot and Garonne, 6 m. 
W. N. W. Villeneuve d' Agen. Pop. 1,045. 

Cassinoy or Cathnf^i an extensive kingdom of 
Central Africa, situated W. of Bomou, and exten- 
ding S. to the Niger. Like most other states in 
this part of Africa, it is now tributary to Bornou. 
The commerce of Cassina with Northern Afi-ica 
is maintained by a caravan from Fezzan. The 
exports consist of gold dust, slaves, cotton cloths, 
and goat skins dyed red and yellow. The imports 
are woollen stuffi, carpets, hardware, arms, knives, 
scissors, beads, mirrors, and toys. Cassina, the 
capital, is a city of great extent, but little is known 
respecting it. 

Cawnay or Red Cedar Lake, N. America, one 
of the,sources of the Mississippi river. It is about 
8 miles long and 6 broad, and discharges itself by 
a winding stream 50 miles long into Lake Winni- 
pec. The waters of the Cassina are pure and 
transparent, and are supplied with pike, carp, 
trout, and catfish. It has an island covered with 
red cedar trees. Its shores are lined with the elm 
maple and pine, interspersed with fields of Indian 
rice, reeds and rushes, and here and there a gravel- 
ly beach. On the N. W. side it receives two 
streams, the Turtle and La Beesh. 

Casnnej v. Piedmont, 6 m. N. Aoqui. Pop. 
3,414. 

Ccuriquiariy r. a branch of the Rio Negro, in S. 
America, which communicates with the Orinoco. 

Cassis, s-p. France, 8 m. 8. £. Marseilles. Pop. 
2,030. 

Cassius, Jtfinm/, or JebelOcraby mt. Syria, near 
Antioch,2 m. S. of the river Orontes. 

Cassa^y the Hindoo name oi Benares. 

CastagnedoHoy t Lombardy, 6 m. S. 3. E. Bre- 
scia. 

Castamenay or Kaslmmmi,t A. Turkey, in Na- 
tolia, which has many manu&ctures, particularly 
of copper and of silk. Lon. 34** 18' £. Lat 40" 
42' N. 

CoMtanely t France, 6 m. S. S. E. Toulouse. 

Castanheiray t Portugal, 18 m. N. E. Lisbon ; 
one 24 m. E. S. £. Coimbra ; one in Beira, 7 m. 
£. Aveiro. 

Castano, t Lombardy, 18 m. W. N. W. Milan. 

Castanomtty or KostanitaOy t. and fort, Aus- 
trian empire, in Citatia. Lon. 17" 0' E. Lat 45* 
30' N. 



160 



CAS 



Catld BaUoj t Venetian temtory,90 m. S. S. 
W. Padua. Pop. 3,000. 

Casiel Duranta^ or Urbanea^ t of the Popedom, 
7 m. S. W. Ur^ino. 

Coitel'-Gandolfoj t States of the Church, in 
CampBgnadi Roma, 12 m. E. of R.ome. 

Cattd JaUmx,, L France, in Lot and Garonne. 
Pop. 1,757. 

Castd Leone, t Lombardy, 15 m. W. N. W. 
Cremona. Pop. 4,190. 

Castel a Mare di Stalna, s-p. Naples, in priiici- 
pato Citra, 15 S. E. Naples. 

Outel JVuoro, fortified t. Austrian empire, in 
Dalmatia, in the galf of Cattaro, 10 m. W. of Cat^ 
taro. Lat. 4r40'N. 

Castd Jfuovo^ t Piedmont, 17 m. N. W. Asti. 

Ca$td M'uovo, t, Italy, in Modena, 9 m. N. N. 
W. Reggio. 

Cattd RodrigOy fortified t. Portugal, in Beira, 
10 m. N. W. Pinnel. 

CaHd Sardo, s-p. Sardinia, 23 m. N. E. Sassari. 

Caitd'Sarrantij t France, on the Garonne, 10 
m. W. Montauban, 30 W. N. W. Toulouse. Pop. 

Cattd Sdino, t. Island of Candia, 21 m. S. W. 
Canea. 

Cattd Fetere^ (an. Cati/tiui,) t Naples, in Cala- 
bria Ultra, 12 m. N. Gierace. Pop. 4,500. 

CatteUautt t Prussian states, in Lower Rhine, 
22 m. S. S. W. Coblentz* 

CattdbraneOf fortified t Portugal, in Beira, on 
the Leira, 7 m. S. E. Coimbra. 

Cattdlamonte, t. Piedmont, 7 m. S. S. W. Ivrea. 

Cattdlane^ L France, 36 m. W. Nice. 

Cattellaaoy t Piedmont, 7 m. S. Alessandria. 
Pop. 4,745. 

Catteilo di Btoona, (an. Slippo^) t Naples, in 
Calab^a Ultra, 6 m. W. Monte Leone. 

Catteilo Citao du (an. 7\femim 7V6ermum,) t. 
States of the Church, on the Tiber, cap. of agoun- 
ty, 100 m. N. Rome. 

CasteRo Rotto^ isl. in the Mediterranean, half a 
mile from the coast of Caramania. Lon. 20° 
37' E. 

Catteilo de Fide^t and frontier castle of Portu- 
gal, 9 m. E. N. £. Portalegre. 

Cattellon de la Planoy L Spain, 28 m. ^ Valen- 
cia. Pop. 11,000. 

Cattdluecio^ t. Naples, 39 m. N. W. Bisignano. 

Cattdmoronf t. France, on the Lot, m. W. Vil- 
leneuve d'Agen. 

Cattdmoron^ t France, 27 m. S. E. Bourdeauz. 

Coj/e^morour, t France, 8 m. E. Toulouse. • 

Cattdnau de Bonnifim^ t. France, in Tani,3«i. 
W.Alby. Pop. 1,158.* 

Cattdnau de BratSae, t France, 9 m. E. Castres. 

Cattelnau de Magnoac, t. France, in Upper Py- 
renees, 25 m. N. E. Bagneres. Pop. 1^. 

Cattelnau de Monimirailj t France, in Tarn, 6 
m. N. W. Gaillac Pop. 2,462. 

Cattelnau de Montratier, t. France, in Lot, 15 
m. N. Montauban. Pop. ^000. 

Cattelnau de Strefondy t France, in Upper Ga- 
ronne, 11 m. N. W. Toulouse. Pop. 1,436. 

Castehymderyf t Franci, in Aude, 33 m. S. £• 
Toulouse. Pop. 8,100. * 

Cattdnuovo Tortonentey or di Scrieia^ t. Milan, 
en the Scriyia, 10 m. N. Tortona. Pop. 5,414. 

Castiglioley t Piedmont, 11 m. S. W. Savigliano. 

CoMtiglione, t. Tuscany, on a lake near the coast. 
It is famed for its manufacture of salt. l2 m. S. 
Massa. Lat 42° 52^ N. One, Itajy, 18 m. N. 
Lucca ; one, Sardinian states, 20 m. E. Genoa ; 



CAS 

one, Naples, in Prindpato CRra, 5 m. N. E. Saler- 
no ; one, Naples, in Abruzxo Citra, 6 m. E. S. L 
Civita Borella. 

Catiiglione deUe Sticiere, i. Lombardy, in lST>in- 
tua. It i» surrounded with walls. 20 m. N. W 
Mantua. 

Castignoku or CatHgliola, t. Piedmont, ft m. W. 
N. W.ConL 

Castile^ Oirf,an extensive proyinoe of Sptin, in- 
closed between Arragon, New Castile^ Estremv 
dura, Leon, Asturiaa, Biscay and Navatre. It^ 
form is that of an irregular triangle, whose »• 
treme lei^^ is 60 lea^pes, and its breadth about 
50l Bui^os is the chief town. The veoitb ni 
Old Castile consists in its pasturage, which ice.i- 
thousands of sheep, cows, and other cattle. Tri^ 
merinoes after wintering in the plains, find in the 
mountains of^ this provmoe a rich supply oflcx/l 
for the summer months. Tl)e commerce consist 
in the transport of wool, and this takes place chuf- 
ly by Burgos. Pop. 1 ,200,000. 

CattiUy A>w, a province of Spain, bounded >'. 
W. and N. by Old Castile, N. E. by Am^on, L 
by Valencia, S. E. by Murcia, and S. by Aniluin- 
sia. The principal towns are, Madrid ; ToIpJu, 
the provincial capital ; Cueoca, the seat of a bish- 
op, Cuidad Real, Segoeoza, and Talavendeh 
Reyna. The residence of the court durin; the 
last three centuries has had a very evident efikt 
on the improvement of Madrid, but very little on 
the province at large. The soil is natarallv fer- 
tile, but the cultivation of it is neglected* aiiii lite 
mineral treasures of the mour uns remain unex- 
plored. The manufiictures are woolleo stutt-, 
silks, satin, and velvet, hats, soap, earthen ware, 
and cutlery. Pop. 1,200,000. 

Cattiiet p-t Genesee co. N. T. 

CattiUonj t France, in Gironde, 25 m. £. Boar- 
deaux. 

Cattillon de Medoc, t. France, on the GaroQac 
34 m. N. by W. Bourdeaux. 

CattiUoneMt t France, 5 m. E. Lausnn. 

CcLttiney s-p. and cap. Hancock co. Maine, \fi 
m. E. N. E. Portland. Lon. 68" 46* W. Lat 44 
24' N. Pop. 976. It is situated on a promootn- 
ry nearly at the head of the east side of Penob?cot 
ba^. The harbor is excellent for any niunber ol 
ships of the largest size, has bold water, and is ac- 
cessible at all seasons of the year. Castine hH> 
great strength from its natural situatioA. Frum 
the narrowness of the isthmus which connect^ it 
with the main, it could be insulated without much 
labour or expense ; and this mode of defence, to 
addition to strong batteries, would enable it to re- 
sist any force which would probably be brought 
against it An enemy in possession of Ctstine ha< 
command of all the intermediate country from the 
Penobscot to the St Croix. This place wai Uken 
by the British during the late war, bot was re- 
stored on the return of peace. 

Cadlt Aerej t Eng. in Norfolk ; 6 m. fr. Swu?- 
ham, 95 fr. London. 

Oi»iU Douglas^ V. Scotland, in Kirkcodbnglit ; 
9 m. N. ViTigton. • « 

Cattle Dermoni, t Ireland, in Kildarc, 34 m. s> 
W.Dublin. , 

Cattle Donnington, See Danniington Catile^ 

Cattle, t Eng. in Essex, 7 m. fr. Braintree. 

CattU Riiing, t and borough, Eng. in NorfolK 
5 m. N. E. Lynn. __ ^ , 

CattObary t Ireland, in Mayo ; 36 m. N. Oai- 
way. • 

Cattlecmer, t Ireland, 10 m. N. Kilkenny- 



CAS 

CiHl^ t£Bf.uiTiirkiliin,4BLfr.pQiite- 

fract 
Cof^MAccHi ton the S.cMit of Ireland, 19m. 

S. W. fiaodonbridge. 

CasUeimt t Eng. in Laneailer. Pop. 6,723. 1 
ffl. S. Roebdale. 

CaUieton, p-t Ratltndoa Vt 38 m. W. Wind- 
er. Pop. 1^1. The Vennont Medical iDstitu- 
tioa WIS estftbiisbed here a few jean ago. It has 
«iQce been incorporated and in 1890 was connected 
with Middlebury CoUege» It has 6 Professors. 
The term of study is three years. A building is 
irected for the accommodation of the students, the 
Lumber of whom in 1822 was 76. Degrees are 
ouierred by the President of Middlebury col- 
lege. 

CaaildMy p-t. Riehmond co. on Staten island, 
S. Y. 9 m. a W. New- York. Pop. 1,527. Here 
L:e the .Marine Hospital, which can accommodate 
.lorjOO sick; and the Quarantine and Health 
LiaolishiDttits of the city of New-Tork. 

t'asUttm, p-L Rensselaer co. N. T. 

CesHdamn^ or Catth Ruahmy (an. Sodo) t. Isle 
oiMaQ,Eng. Lon.4'*40'W, Lat.54"6'^N. 

(MOavm^Y. Scotland, 18 m. S. 8. W. Jedburgh. 

CQ^ioTy t Madi&on oo. Missouri. 

Coi/or'f Rixery Newfoundland, falls into St. 
Jcthn's harbor* 

Coi/ono, r. Turkey, empties into a lake in 
Macedonia, after which it is caUed FutrilMa. 

CutmunMofuniainM^ a branch from Mount 
LebtooQf in Syria, 20 m. 8. Tripoli. 

CaatrtSf t France, at the conflux of the Agout 
likl Thouret, 35 m. £. Toulouse. Lon. T 19' E. 
Ui4y36'N. Pop. 12,400. 

Coitri, t En. Turkey, in Livadia, on the S. W. 
! lie of Mount Parnassus, and the site of the an- 
f-'i^nt DdpkL 

OutrituM^ V. Netherlands, 6 m. S. S. W. Alk- 
mer. 

Cesiria, Bay tfy on the £. coast of Chinese Tar- 
Ury, in the channel or gpilf of Tartary, which sep- 
jnit(9 that part of the continent from the island 
t'Sflghalien. Lat.6r29'N. 

CW/Tft, a dutchy of Italy, in the States of the 
Chnrch, lying between St. Peter's Patrimony, the 
>le<l!t'?rronean, Tuscany, the Orrietano, and 
ibp river Marta. Cos/ro, the capital, is near the 
n« cr Ospula, 10 miles from the sea ; So m. N. W. 
Home. Loo.ir35'E. Lat42°33'N. 

^•»^^ t Naples, on the gulf of Venice, 8 m. S. 
EOtrwto. 

Cojiro, (an.Jfyff26ne) »-p. Island of Mctelln, 
30 m. S. W. Adramiti. Lon. ST 28' E. Lat 39** N. 

Cbi^ chief t Lemnos. Pop. 800 families. 

tWro Ocfis, t. and county, Spain, 20 m. W. 
Bifffw. 

^'u(y« OMFORm, t. Sicily, 40 m. W. Catania. 
Ul4»5(rE. LatarSO-N. Pop. 12,000. 

Ciu/raJforim, s-p. Portugal, on the Guadiana, 
r^|a.E.N.E.TaTira. 

Co/roAiiew, t. Sicily, 20 m. 3. E. Palermo. 

Cu/np, t Prussian sUtes,27 m. S. S. W. Mun- 
«ter. 

Ciu/rsps2, t Spain, 14 m. £.Mondonedo. 

Cartrs Virtyna^ province, Peru, bounded N. 
^- by Conete, N. by Yauyoo, N. E. by Angiraea, 
'^HQMnan».and-Huanta; W.by VilcasHua- 
*M ; 8. W. by Lucanas and fca. Coj/ro Virty- 
ffl. the capital, is 60 m. fr. Lima. Lon. 74" 44' 
^^. ULiy48'S. 

<-'«/««, t. fatria, 30 m. S. E. Trieste. 



CAT 



1*1 



OMiM&,eo. in the N. i>art of N. C. Pep. |S^; 

slayes S^H ; engaged in agricultiu« 3,541, in 
commerce 54, in manufactures 461. Chief t 
Leesbuix. At the Court*House is a post*<|ffice. 

Cal /ilofid, one of the Bahamas, the first l«;id 
discovered hj Columbus, who called it Sl Saka- 
dor. Lon.75»W. Lat. 24*30' N. 

Caiab4nnba, t Peru, and cap. of a proyinoe of 
the same name, 90 m. S. W. Cusco. 
Caiabaw river. See Caimebeu 

CuUabuhuy Tm 8. America, &lls into the Rio Ne- 
gro. 

Caiaeo, co. Alabama. Pop. 5,263 ; Slaves 
858; engueed in agriculture 1,155, in commerce 
3, in manufactures 37. ' «r 

Cainhoula, co. Louisiana. Pop. 2,2871 Slaves 
751 ; engaged in agriculture 716^ in commerce 
24, in manufactures 157. 

Caiahoula^r. Louisiana, which joins the Wachi- 
ta on the W. opposite the mourn of the Tensaw. 
Before entering the Wachita, it expands into a 
lake and again contracts to a river. 

Caiahoula^ p-i, Rapideco. Louisiana. Pop. in 
1810, 1,164. 

Caiahunk itland. See BuBuard^t^Bajf, 

Caialina harbour^ on the £. coast of Newfound- 
land. Lat.48'38'N. 

Caiahnia^ province in the N. £. part of Spaio, 
bounded N. by the Pyrenees which separate it 
from France, E. by the Mediterraaean, S. by Va- 
lencia, and W. by Am^n. It far surpasses eve- 
ry province in Spain in manufactures, commerce, 
agriculture and industry. Vines are cultivated 
on a very large scale. The other products are ol- 
ives, silk, hemp and flax. A ^c^t trade is carried 
on with the American colonies, Italy, the South 
ofFranee, England, Holland, and the North of 
Europe. The Catalans manufacture woollens, 
silks and cottons, hats, leather, gunpowder, and 
hardware. 

CatamaiUy r. Quito, falls into the Pacific, ia 
about 41" 45' @. lat. Near its mouth, it is called 
Amotapt. 

Cnlamandoo, city. Hind. cap. ofNepaul, in lat. 
ST 33' N. lou. 85" 39' E. on the Bhagmutty river„ 
in one of the most romantic valliee in the world. 
It is well supplied with every convenience of life, 
and is said to contain 50,000 persons^ The hous- 
es are built of brick, of two, three, and four sto- 
ries, but, in general, have but a mean appear- 
ance. 

Catamareoy S. Fernando de, city, S. America, in 
Tucuman. Lat. 27" S. 

Caianduanei^ one of the Philippine islands, £. 
of Luzon. Lon. 124"* 30' E. Lat. 15* N. 

Cataniay a famous city of Sicily, in the Val De- 
mona, beautifully situated on the £. coast of the 
island, at the footof Mount Etna. Although de- 
stroyed tliree times by the lava of the volcano, it 
has always risen more splendidly from its ashes. 
The harbor is one of the largest in the island, 
and the trade of the town considerable, particular- 
ly in silks. 35m. N.Syracuse. Lat 37' SO' N. 
Pop. about 50,000. 

Caianzaro^ t. Naples, cap. of Calabria Ultra. 
Pop. computed at 10,900. 9 m. N. E. Squillace, 
lOS. W. Belcastro. Lon. 13" 54' E. Lat. 38" 
68' N. 

Cataraei River^ N. America, falls into the Co- 
lumbia, about 200 miles from its mouth. 

Ca/aratt^us, CO. the S. W. part of N. T. bound- 
ed N. by Nia^ra and Genedce counties, £. by 



21 



162 



CAT 



C AU 



AUtigfaany CO. S. by Ptonsylvmnia, andW. by Cha- 
tauque. Pop. 4^ ; cib^ged in commeroe 6, in 
manafactures 107. 

Caiinraugiu^ creek, N. T. a rapid itream which 
runs into Lake Erie 25 mites S. of Buffalo. It is 
about ar7 miles long;, is bordered by a fertile soil 
And affiirds numerous mill seats. 

Caiaraugut reterwUimtf lies on the N. E. side of 
the above creek and commencing; 4 miles from its 
mouth. It extends 10 miles alon|^ the river and is 
4 wide conteining about 37,000 acres. The num- 
ber of Indians is about 700, amone whom a mis- 
sion is established by the United Foreig;n Mission 
Society. 

Catoi AlUUj y, Brazil, about 200 miles N. £. 
Rio Janeiro 

Catofresse, V-t Columbia co. Pa. on the E. 
branch of the Susquehannah, 20 m. N. E. Sunbury. 
Pop. 2,520. 

Catmwba, r. which rises in N. Carolina and 
flowing into S. Carolina, is robbed of its name 
by an mconsiderable river called Wateree which 
joins it 30 m. above Camden. 

Caieau Cambresit^ fortified t France, 15 m. 8. 
E.Cambniy. Lon.y3r 56" E. Lat 60" 6' 15^ 
N. Pop. 44)00. 

Cathame, r. Maine, runs into Merry*meeting;« 
tmy, in Lincoln oo. 

Catharine, p-t. Tioga co. N. Y. 18 m. W. 
Spencer, Pop. 2i478. 

Caihtm^ Catema^ KtUffumOj Chan, or KinuUt 
8-p. Arabia, in Laohsa. Lon. 48* lO' E. Lat 29" 
13' N. 

CaHf, ti^ t. Arabia, in Lachsa, near the Pervian 
gulf, 132 m. S. Bassora, 490 S. Ispahan. X>on. 47* 
16' E. 

Catingoor, t Hind. 50 mu E. S; E. Hyderabad. 

CaHitoboley r. W. Florida, runs into the gulf of 
Mexico. Lon.SS'ld'W. 

Cailenbwrg, t, Hanover, 16 m. S. S. E. Einbeck. 

Caitelitburg^v-y, Greenup oo. Ken. 

Catmandu. See Caiamando9, 

Caio^ p-t Cayuga co. N. T. on Seneca river, 
24 m. N. Auburn. Pop. 4^1. 

Caton, t Eng. 4 m. N. Lancaster. 

Catrak^ t Hmd. in Benares, 25 m. S. W. Mir- 
zapore. 

Calrine^ r. Scotland, 14 m. N. W. Ayr. 

Catsereek mUit, p-v. Washington co. Ohio. 

CaiMkW, r. N. T. runs S. E. and joins the Hud* 
son atCatskill. Its mouth makes a good harbor 
for sloops. 

CaMlU p-t. and cap. Greene co. N. T. on the 
Hudson, at the entrance of the Catskill. The vil- 
lage is built principally on a single street parallel 
to this creek, and contains the county buildings, 
2 banks, anacadcmy for females and 3 churches, 
viz. one for Presbyterians, one for Baptists and 
one for Episcopalians. It is a place of coosidera- 
ble trade. 33 m. below Albany^ 5 below H udson. 
Pop. 3,510, of whom 1,443 are in the village. 

CaiskUl motmiaint^ N. T.arange of mountains 
which proceeds from the Highlands in a northerly 
direction through the counties of Ulster and 
Crreene. They are the highest land in the State. 
Round top the highest summit, according to the 
measurement of Capt Partridge is 3,804 teet above 
the level of the sea, and High Peak, the next high- 
est, 3,718 leet 

Cattaro^ t. Austrian empire, at the bottom of the 
^ulfofCattaroyOnthe £. side of the Adriatic It 
18 defended by a castle and strong battlements, 
and is ioclesed with high rocks. 28 m. W. N. VV. 



L«n. ir Sr E 



Sfsiitari, 30 8w S« E. Ragusa. 
Lat 42* 22' N. 

Ca/leoru, t France, indep. of NoHh. Pop. 4,960 
Lon. 3* 41' E. Lat 50* 6^ 16'' If. 

Catkgaif a large ehaanel, between JaUand oa 
the W. the islands of FonenaadZeeladMloQthe 
S. and thecoast of Swedes en the £. It comma- 
nicates with the Baltic by the Sennd end the two 
Belts. 

CaUwith, t Eng. in Torkihiie, 22 m. fr. Bo- 
rou«fhbridge. 

Catlotm, an Epglish settlement en the W. coast 
of Sumatra. Lon. 101*4&'E.Let.3rS(r & 

Cattwyck, two villages of the NetherlaDds, in 
Holland : one on theseasheie, 6 nk N. W. Lej- 
den, called Cattwyekop See ; the other near itoo 
the Old Rhine, called Cattwyok ep Bhifm. 

Catxndnbogm, OU,t in the dotehjr eTNassKQ, 
28 m. W. N. W. Mentz. Lon. T ST £. Lat 
SO^IS'N. 

Cam, La^ t Ifaples, 85 m. E. Neplne. 

Cauaekiin t Quito, on the Amaaon, 90 bl If . L 
St. Joadiim de Omaguas. 

Car«fe, lake, Tyrol, 12 m. W. N, W. TreoL 

CoMMis, r. Portugal, (alls into the Atlantie, be- 
low Braga. 

CavagUoy v. Piedmont, 16 m. W. Veroelli 

CdBtSUon^ (an. CabeliM t France, an the Du- 
rance, in Vaucluse, 12 S. E. Avitnon. P^p. 7,000 

CmaHhit, t St Domingo, 5 leagoea W. by S. 
St Louis. 

Covato, or La CoMle, s-p. En. Turkey, os 
the Archipelaeo. Lon.24'*48'£. Lai. 40* 43'N. 

CacaUrij isL Eu. Tvakey^ in the Arehipelap. 
Lon. 24» lO' E. Lat 38* 7' N. 

CavaiierMaggwre'y large v. Piedttettt, 19 b. S. 
Turin. 

CaraJtere, Co^ie, on the coast ofCnmmania. 

CaraUejf, islands near the coast of New Zealand 
Lon. 185* 42" E. Lat 35*3^ N. 

Ceonn, CO. Ireland, bounded N. by Fennanasi'. 
E. by Monagfaan, S. by Longford, Meetk, a't>J 
Westmeath, and W. by Leitnm. Pop. in it»>l. 
90/N)0. 

Cirran, t Ireland, cap. of Ca van oo. 54 m. >'• 
W. Dublin. 

Cama, t. Peru,inCu8eo,100BLS. W. Co^co. 

Carertere, t Venetian territory, en the Ada^e, 
16 m. N. N. E. Rovigo. 

Cavazdta, t Cuba, 120 m. E. Havmnnah. 

Cfff^r^ t Germany, inthedutchyofNatsaQ, on 
the Ijthine, 20 m. S. Coblents. Lon. 7* 40 ¥. 

Cdubul, SeeCa6ttl. 

Cto, t Spain, in Old Castile, IS m. N. Sc^ 
govia. 

Cmica^ r. S. .\merica, rises near Popayan, au| 
after a northeriy course of about 500 tnilea b<] 
tween the great western and middle nd^ d 
the Andes, mils into the Rio Magdalene in l&'l 

Caucfffus, a vast chain of mountains in Asi^i 
which commence near the mouth of the Kuban o« 
the Black sea ; and running S. traverses Miu^rei 
lia and Geonria, and afterwards turning east, ruu 
along the W. shores of the Caspian aea, ani 
through the Persian provinces Daghestan atti 
Shirvan. Thence it pursues an easteriy coarH 
under other names, till it joins the immenfie r&it ji 
known by the name of Hindoo Kooah. Part of thi 
chain is covered with perpetual snow. i 

Cauctuuiy Ooremmmt oft a province of Rqai* 
bounded N. bv Saratov, EkaterinMlar, and u^ 



C AX 

•onntry «f Clw Den Cotndu ; Bii>]r the Cupnn 
sea, and the riTer Ural ; S. by the Persian and 
Turknii dgniniins, And the territories ef inde- 
pendent tribes ; end W. by the sea of Atoph and 
proTinee of Tknrii^ The inbebitants consist of 
oumenMia tribes, sobm ef then soeroely admitting 
the Tupreniaej of Rossia. It oonsists (Xftwo pror- 
ux^es, Caocasns and Astneen. 

CaurhumnNt Tnridsh tsL in the Mediterranean. 
lAn.98*«4'E. Lat.38*a(rN. 

CaudaTj r. Spain, rons into the Xncar, above 



C A Z 



1«S 



Ca 



W. 



Cmadebety t. France, on the Seine, 18 
RoQen ; one on the Seine, in Eare. 

C^ifrferoBle, t France, 7 m. S. E. A^en. 

OztMleie, t Spain, in Valencia, a leagne from 
Viiiemu Pep. d,000. 

CtntdtOj t FraiiDe,97 m. W. N. W. Ferpignan. 

Ctrrtndiak^ p-t. Windsor eo. Vt. 10 m. S. W. 
Windsor. Fop. 1,551. 

CorerttOH&ioR, t. Hind. SSn. W. V. W. Gaudi- 
cotta. 

OxverspotoR, t Hind, in the Mysore, 103 m. E. 
S^ringapatam. 

C flwr ye rMw , t Hind. 85 m. S. E. Seringapa- 
tam. 

Care^iR^ p.T. Oranee co. Va. 

Caa^moAnr, Land district, Bengal. LatSTlS' 
S. Lon.89'48'E. 

CoHghnmp^aj p-v. Montgomery co. N. T. 

Cmana, itl. in the month of the Amaxon, about 
V20 oDuleein circmiiferenoe. 

C^nama, t Brazil, 15 m. S. W. Penu 

CaatkAmgk, t. A%hanistan, on ^e Indus. In the 
rictnity ue hunge rocks of pure salt LotLKf 4ff 
E- Lat.9S*IVN. 

CovMmi; t France, SO m. 8. W. Caen. 

CauMeiif,t. Franee, on the Durance, 8 m. E. by 
5. Arignon. 

Caipie, La, t. Franee, 21 m. £. N. E. Oastres. 
CeasMs, Les, t. France, S5 m. W. Narbonne. 
Cmmgliim, P^ifU^ on the W. coast of Ireland. 

utsrsa'N. 

Coimsrafteod^ eape, on the W. coast of Ireland. 
Lat.52*8rW. 
Cnor, t. Piedmont, 8 m. 8. by E. Pignerol. 
Cnafutne$9 r. Chili, fttlls into the Maale. 
Ceiiaoife, t. France, 35 m. N. Toulouse. 
Csvien. r. ChiIi,&Us into the Pacific, in hit 39* 

Catftereft, ▼. France, t5 m. S. W. Tarbes. 

Caiuieryj r. Hind, in Tiuijore, passes through the 
Mrsore, ukI falls into the sea by several mouths, 
^irr a course of nearly 400 miles. 

Cawnm^re^ t Hind, in Allahabad, on the Oan- 
P<, in lon.«r «r E. lat Sr 30r N. on the high 
^«d b e t w een Cnlpee and Lucknow. The British 
Diiilary cantonments are in its vicinity, and con- 
ain $i:cnd bsurracks lor three regiments of caralry, 
>«e bsMaliott ef artillery, two European regi- 
Sicsts^ and SIX battallions of native infontry. 50 m. 
i. LudEnow. 

CateeMC* t Eng. in Totkihire, on the Onse, 19 
n. 8. W. York. 

Cos^lftofTie, t. Eng. in Yorkshire, 4 m. from 
Bfirasley. 

Caxmmanos city, Peru, and oux of a prorinoeof 
taesamename. Lat6*54r8. Pop. S/WO. 

CaxmrnarifuiOa^ city, Peru, and cap. of a pror* 

■irc of the same name, lies S. £. of Cazamarca, 

m lat.7* SB'S. Tlie population of the prorinoe is 

CsOOO. 

Coxdemk^ city, Peni, aadcap^ of a prorhioe of 



the same mom, lies 160 m. N. of Lima, in hit lO"" 

ar 8. 

CaxUm^ t Eog. 10 m. from Camfaridce. 
CSoyu, r. Spain, in Estremadura, tails into the 
Guadiana near Badges; another in Catalonia, 



runs into the Medttemnean near Tamarit 

Ci^yaguit Sooho /tfes, a duster of islands in the 
Eastern seas, lying off the N. £, coast of Borneo. 
Lon. IW sort LatrN. 

Csgiia^kegia. See Coyiffa, and d^Asiga. 

Ca^ombe^ or CSniaai6e Unu^ one of the loftiest 
summits of the Andes, in the £. chain of the Cor- 
dilleras. eO m. Nt W. Quito. It is 90,000 feet 
above the level of the sea. 

Caymnt^ isl. in French Guiana, 18 m. long and 
10 broad, separated from the main land by the riv- 
erCayenne. The soil is fertile. Lat5**N. Lou. 
53- 15' W. 

Cayenne, cap. of French Guiana ; is on the N< 
point of the island of Cayenne, at the mouth of a 
river of the same name. It Yxm a large and con- 
venient port defended by a castle. Lon. 59f* 18* W. 
Lat5*N. Pop. about 1,^00. 

CUi^miUyT, French Gniaiia, Alls bto the Atlan- 
tks,inlat4*55^N. 

Coyes, X^ B-p. St Dommgo, 13 leagues W. by 
a St Louis. LatlS'irN. 

CoYOiXj t on the N. coast of France, -O^m. W. 
St Valery. 

Caymans. See Caimant, 

CaymUu, See Catmtlet. 

CoyTM, r. Wales, 6dls into the Severn, 4 m. W. 
Neiftown. 

Cmfo^ t Wales, in C&ermarthen qo. 6 m. from 
Llan-dovery. 

Ca^Ur, r. Natolia, falls into the sea near Eph- 
esus. 

CayU^ T. Brasil, falls hito the sea, in hit 0° 58^ 
S. Ion. 4r 40^ W. 

Cayitfii, CO. (N. Y.) E. of Cayuga lake ; bound- 
ed N. by Lake Ontario and Osw^ ca ; E. by 
Oswego, Onondaga and Courtland cos. ; 8. by 
Tompkins co and W. by Cayuga lake, and Sene- 
ca and OnUrio cos. Pop. 38,697 ; engaged in 
agriculture 7,695, in commerce 127, in manufac- 
tures 1,773. Chief town. Auburn. 

Cajfuga^ or Ea»i CayugOj p-v. in Aurelius, Cay- 
uga CQ, N. Y. stands on the east side of Cayuga 
lake. A bridge 380 rods long, crosses the lake at' 
this place, and a steam-boat plies the lake to Ith- 
aca. 

Cayttga Lakty between Cayuga and Seneca cos. 
N. Y. 40 miles long, and from 1 to 4 broad. Its 
outlet is Seneca river. 

Cayuga eretk, Niagara co. N.Y. the most north- 
em fork of Bufhlo creek. 

Q^ufo, t Tioga co. N. Y. 10 m. N. Spencer. 
Pop. 1,889. 

Cosa #Vr/e, a fort of BranL in Goyas, on the 
Tocantins. 380 m. N. N. E. V illaboa. 

Custtif, t France, 9 m. S. W. Oourdon. 

Ga8mi6on, t France, 25 m. W. Condom. 

Coscnorui, p-t and cap. Madison co. N. Y. 40 
m.W.Utica, 130 W.Albany. Pop. 3,909. It is a 
pleasant and flourishing town, and contains a 
court-house, a Jail, and anank. 

Coseres, t France, on the Garonne, 33 m. S.W. 
Toulouse. 

CoMobla^ t Spain, in Andalusia, on the Guadal- 
quivir. 

Gossan, t Arabum Irak, on the Euphrates, 55 
m. W. Bagdad. 

Casso/o, isl. in the Adriatic. Let 43* 8^ N. 



104 



C E L 



Ceot t SimiAt S3 m. JE. 8« £. Leon. 

Cecilf t Washington co. Pa. Pop. 1,154. 

C«ei^ CO. Md. on the eastern ahore oif the ChcB- 
ape«ke ; bounded N. by Pen^syh'ania, E. by Del- 
aware, S. by Kent co. and W. by the Chesapeake. 
Pop. 16,048; slaves 2,343; engaged in agriculture 
5A^« in commerce 268, in manufactures 1,453. 
Chief town, £lkton. 

Ceetha, r. Italy, falls into the Tuscan sea, be- 
tween Leghorn and Piombino. 

Cidaff t Howard co. Missouri. 

C«dar«recib, hundred, Sussex co. Del Pop. 2,280. 

Cedar ertek, Rockbridge co. Va. runs into James 
river. The J^atural Bridget over this creek, is 
12 m. S. Lexington, and is a great curiosity. The 
river runs throt^ a chasm which is 90 feet wide 
at the top^ The sides are 250 feet high, and al- 
most perpendicular. The bridge is a huge rock 
throwii across this cl|^ttm at the tQp^ It is 60 , feet 
wide, and covered with earth and trees, and forms 
a sublime spectacle when beheld from the margin 
of 1:^0 creek. 

Cedar eruk, runs into the Missouri front the N. 
in St Charles co. Missouri. 

Cedar-creek mouthy p-v. Franklin co. Ken. 

Cedar Lakty N. America, 60 m. E. Lake Win- 
nipec, with which it is connected by the Saskatch- 
iwine. Lon. 100^ 5' W. Lat. 33" 8' N. 

Cedar Lake (fied.) See Catnna lake, . , 

Ctt/or |70tn/,cape, Md. on the W. side of Chesa- 
peake bay, at the mouth of tlie Patuxent 

Cedar pomlt >-P« Charles co. Md. otn the Poto- 
mac, 12 m. S. S. £. Port^Tbbacco. 

Cvdai^ V. Canada, ojfk the St Lawrence, 30 m. 
Above Montreal. 

Cedarnlie, p^v. Cumberland co. N« J. 

Cedognot t Naples, in Principato Ultra, 12 m. 
NvW.Melfi. 

Ctfalu^ t Sicily, in Val Demone, 30 m. E. Pa- 
lermo. Pop. 6^500. 

Ce^gin,t. Spain, 37 m. W. Murcia. 

CeUlee^ t France, iu Hcrault,35 m. N.W. Mont- 
pelHir. Pop. 917. 

Ceira^ t Portugal, at the mouth of t)ie river Cei- 
ra, 3 m. S* E. Coimbra, 

Ceizeriat^ t France, 6 m. E. S. £. Bourg en 
Bre«e. 

Ceiano, t Naples, in Abruzzo Ultra, near Lake 
Cflano. 16 m. W. ^aimona. Lon. 13^27' E.* Lat 
42^6rN. 

Cela^, t Mexico. Lou. 101" 5' W. Lat 2r N. 

Celbridge, t. Ireland, 10 m. from Dublin. 

Celebes^ ist in the E. Indian sea, of a very ir- 
regular figure, consisting of four long narrow pe- 
ninsulas separated from each other by deep bays. 
The area is estimated at 90,000 sq. miles. The 
inhabitants are computed at 3,000,000. They are 
Af Malay origin. They generally profess a cor- 
rupted form of the Mahometan religion* They 
are adventurous navigators, frequenting all places 
in the Eastern seaSk Their piracies inspire dread 
among the neighbouring islanders. The trade 
oansiato in the exportation of gold, tortoise-shell, 
Mgo, rice, and cotton cloths, iuod in the importa- 
tion of arms and ammunition, iron and steel, blue 
and white cloth. The island is called Negree 
Oran Bag|;e4)s and Tanna Macassar, by the na- 
tives. It IS partitioned into several political di- 
visions, which are governed by diflerent rajahs or 
chiefs, reflpectively independent in their own ter- 
ritories. Many towns are seen fth>D{f the coast, of 



CE N 

which Macaanr is the best known* Lon. 116*40' 

tol2r40'E. LatS'^N.toSMO'S. 

CclenUfh r« Calabria, runs into the golf of Ta- 
rento. 

Ce/tfu2ro, Mk A«ia Minor, 64 m. N. CerizK* 'in 
the island of Cfyprus. 

Cdle^ t France, 6 m. £. Thiers ; one 10 m. fr. 
Moulina; one,. 6 m.fr. St Almand ; one, in Aub«:« 
on the river Ource^ 

CeUefrouiny t France, 9 m. N. Rochelbiicaiilt. 

CeUtt, t France, 10 m. 8. E. Niort 

Cellet, t Netherlands, 11 m. N. El Toonmy. 

Ce^ t France, 12 m. W. Ramorantin. 

CelorieOf t Portugal, m. N. W. Goatdsu 

CenedOy (an. .^cedum,) t Venetian territory, 10 
m. 8. Belluno. 

C^nto, r. Spain, runs into the Mediterraneaii, 8 
m. N. E. Peniteola. 

Cenit Mounts a high mountain of the Alpa, in 
Savoy, between Turin and Chamberry, at aa 
equal distance from both. Across this mouEUain 
is one of the moat important passes of the Alp«, 
opening a communication between Savoy and 
Piedmont 

Cenit t or Jtfbn/ Cemr, t France^ 10 m. S. An- 
tun. 

Centale, v. Piedmont, 5 m. N. W. Com. 

Cenielieitj t Spain, in Catalonia, 10 m. S. Vi* 
que. 

Cenivmd^ Great and Litikj islands in the bay of 
Bengal. Lon.O^GO'E. Lat ir3&'N. 

CenlOy t. States of the Church, 13 m. M. ^. W. 
Bologna. 

Centorhi, (an. CerUuripOf) t Sicily, 29 m. W. 
N.W.Catania. 

Centre^ co. Pa. bounded N. by Lycoming col E. 
by Northumberland co. S. by Mifflin and Hunt- 
ingdon counties, and W. by Clearfield oo» Pop. 
13,706; engaged in agriculture 1,807, in com- 
merce 27, in manu&ctuiet 874. Chief t. Belie - 
fonte. 

Centrej t Butler co. Pa. Pop. 97S. 

Centre^ t Green co. Pa. Pop. 795. 

Cenire^ t. Union co. Feu Pop. 2^4. 

Centre, t Indiana co. Pa. Pop. 837. 

Cenire^ t Columbiana co. Ohio. Pop. 1,437. 

Centre^ t. Monroe co. Ohio. Pop. 1,992. 

Centre^ t. Morgan co. Ohio. Pop. 277. 

Cenire-fumaee^ p-v. Centre co. Pa. 

Centre harbor, p-t Stratford co. N. H. at the N. 
W. end of Lake W imupiseogee, 30 m . N. Concroni . 
Pop. 486. The villao;e of Centre^nurbor la parti j 
in the town of Meredith. 

CentreviUe, t AUc^^any co. N. Y. Popw 42L 

CentreriUe, p-v. Crawford co. Pa. 

Centrerilie, p-t and cap. Queen Anne oo. Md. 
12 m* S. Chestertown, at the head of Cor»icft 
creek, which flows into Chester river. The public 
buildings are a court-house and jail, a hou<e 
of pubhc worship for Methodists, and aa acaJ- 
emv. 

CentremUe, p-v. Fairfax co. Va. 

CentreviUe^ p-v. Pendleton district, S. C. 

Cenirerille, p-t Livingston co. Ken. Here u 
an academy. 

CentrevtUe, t Fairfield co. Ohio, 14 m, N. W. 
Lancaater, 14 8. £. Columboa. 

CenireviUe^ p-t Montgomery co. Ohio, 9 m. B. 
Dayton. 

Cen/r^vO^ t Gallin CO. Ohia Pop. ia 18 ]j, 
47a 



C E R 



C E Y 



165 



, p>t tad eftp. Wayne oo. IndlaiMi. 

CephttUmiOj the lurgMi of the iilandi formiiir 
the lonisB npobbo, n in Om Meditonnean, N« of 
ZuOb, It i« 40 miles leog^, and from 10 to ^ 
broad. The aoil u of great natural fertility. The 
pi in ei pal prodaetiont are raiifau, cumntB, oil, 
wine {particiilarty the kind called muteadel) cit- 
voiMS mnliMMi pooMg^anates, and ootton. The 
pinoi|Ml manofiMstaie it coarse cotton cloth. The 
mhwbitapte ^own aboat 250 small merchant ves- 
aeb, which trade to the Levant, Apulia, end other 
dietnotft bordering on the gidf of Venice. Ar- 
rostod, the chief town, has one of the best har- 
bors in the Mediterranean. The imperii consist 
ehiefty of eoni) woollen cloths, linen, sugar, and 
hardware. Pop. 0O/K)O, mostly Greeks. Lon. 
to* 40r to SIMS' £. Lat.38"to38^28'N. 

CgiAista, or Kephm^i, Greece, on the Cephi»' 

GeMBH* id. in the Eastern sea, about 160 miles 
Jong^ and 40 l»oad. The clove tree formerly 
flmiriehed hme; but through the influence of the 
Dutch it has been extirpated. Lon. 128* to Id!"* 
E. Lat.3»4a"to^33'S. 

Cordotf, isL off the coast of Tuscany. Lon. 9* 
35' £. Let. 42* SIN. 

Ctreaio^ province of Peru, bounded N. by 
Qwnoay, N. E. by Guarochini, S. by Canete, and 
W. by the Pacific. 
Ccitins, t France, 12 m. 8. Bourg eo Brasse. 
CeraKe,t France, 7 m. S. Coutanoes. 
Cercfw, t France, 10 m. 8. Lemans. 
Cenfww, t. Naples, 30 m. E. Cosenza. 
C^fvt, t. MeKeanoob Pa. Popi 425. 
Cfrd, t France, 15 m. 8. W. Perpknan. 
Cmfy hie nu, small isl. in the St. Lawrenee, at 
the e4»fluence of the river des Praiiiea. 

CertgiiQ^a, L Naples, in the Capitanata, 28 m. 
& £. Manfredonia. Lon. Id*" 56^ E. Lat4ri3r 
N. Pop.l2,00a 

Ceri^^ or Ourig^ (an. CyOura^) one of the 
eercB latends in the Meditenanean, which com- 
pose the Ionian republic It lies S. of the Morea, 
from which it is separated by a narrow strait. It 
is 17 miles long, and 10 broad ; and is in general 
arid and little cultivated. There are raised, 
however, small quantities of com, wine, oil, flax, 
and cotton. Pop, l<k,O0O. Cerigo, the chief town, 
i» a amskll place, near the 8. coast Lon. 22f 5T 
E. Ut.SriO'N, 

CerigtUOy fan. EgiUa) islet in the Ionian ma, 
fludway between Cerko and Candk. 

Cerino^ s-p. on the N. coast of the island of Cy- 
pnis, aitaated in a fertile district, which abounds 
in grain and cotton, and olive, mulberry, fig and 
ether fruit trees. Lon.36''3S'E. LatSS'SO^N. 
Ceriutyj ^ France, 7 m. 3. 8. £. Chatillon sur 
Sevre. 
CeriMok^ ▼. Piedmont, 5 m. E. Carmagnok. 
Cmsy, t. France, 8 m. E. 8. E. Coutanoes ; one 
7m.N.E.St.Lo. 

CtnuL, r. Piedmont, runs into the desia, 3m. N. 
W. Veteelli 
Cerm^, t. France, 18 m. N. E. Befort 
Cents, or Ceme.tfMes, t Eng. in Dorset, 7 m. 
XDoffohester. 
Cemd^, V. 8witserland, 24 m. & E. Coire. 
CemobiB^ ^ CsmoMmIn,) t. LMubardy, in Mi- 
lan, on the lake of Comoi, near the town of Comob 
Cetf^h ^ Fraase* 7 m. £. Estampes. 
Cerrito, t. Naples, 18 m. W. N. W. Benereoto. 
f^erro do Fn's^ or H^ CW«A&i|ii/«mi,a disUrkt 



of the provinee of MinasGeraeB, in Bmil, chiefly 
remarkabk for its diamood mines. 

C€nn9f,isL in the Pacific, on the coast of Cali- 
fornia. Lat.28^8'N. 

Cerlolds, t. Tuscany, in the Sknnese. 

CenarOf t Ni^ks, 9 m. £. N. E. PoUcastro. 

Cenwra, t Spain, in Catalonia, 30 m. N. Tatra- 
gena ; one 7 m* fr. Takvera ; one, 10 m. N. Ro* 
sas; one 50m. E. N. £. Leon; one, 15m. 8. S.E. 
Cakhonra. 

Cerveni, CV^e, Spain, in lon. 3^ d' E. and lat 
42f'26/ N.; another, in lon. 0" 40" W. and kt. 37^ 
38'N. 

CerviOy t states of the Church, 10 m. 8. E. Ra- 
venna. 

Cemn, Jtfbn/, mountain, Switserknd, near 
Mont Blanc. It is 13,845 feet above the kvel of 
the sea. 

Cervini Metf in the Adrktic, belonging to 
Austrkk 

Cerren, t France, 17 m. 8. E. Ckmecy. 

Cetaraf r. New Granada, feUs into the Magdale- 
ne, iakt 8* 46' N. 

CttBttOm See CtBf&tMt 

Ce$area Crttk* See Co^kmey. 

Cttma^ t States of the Churdi, 18 m. 8. Raven- 
na. 

CetmaHeOf s-p. States of the Church, on the 
golf of Venice, 16 m. 8. E. Ravenna. 

Cerif t States of the Church, 6 m. N. Narai 

CesMfien, t. France, 9 m. N. Bezkrs. 

Cesloi. See SettM, 

Cetifie, r. Dalmatia, felk into the gulf of Ve- 



CetmOf L Dalmatia, 30 m. N. E. Spalatra 

Ceiorii t France, 30 m. E. 8. E. Alencon. 

CetrarOy t. Napks, in Cakbrk Citra, 21 m. N. 
N. W. Cosenza. 

C^le^ or iSeMe, s-p. France, 18 m. 8. W. Mbnt- 
pelier. Lon. 3" 41' S'' E. Lut 43' 23^ ^^ N. 
Pop. 8/)00. 

Cera, t. Piedmont, on the Tanaro, 40 m. W. 
Gya. Lon.yi5'E. Lat44''23'N. 

CsMnnet. See Se9tnintM» 

Ceete, t. Switzerland, 10 m. N. Locamo. 

Ccttte, s»p. and fort, Morocco, opposite Gibral- 
tar. Lon.5MrW. Lat35''38'N. 

Ceifhny a large island in the indkn sea, sepa- 
rated firom the coast of Coromandel by achannel, 
caUed the straik of Manaar. Its general out* 
line resembles the shape of a pear ; its extreme 
leittfth is about 300 miles, and its breedth 140. 
This nknd k named Cingala by the natrvee, who 
are thence denommated Cingalese. The dimasle 
in some parts, k hot and oppressive ; in others 
more temperate and salubrious. The interior 
has a climate very destructive to Europeans. 
Great variety of mintink are found here^ as tin, 
lead, iron in abundance, and qukksilver. Pre- 
cious stones are probably more numerous and ch- 
versifledthan inany otherpart of the world. The 
most extensive pearl fishery on the globe is carri- 
ed on in the straits of Manaar ontheN.W.eotst 
The finest firuik grow on the island. <^ranges, 
lemons, water melons, and cocoenuts, are plenti- 
ful, as also pepper, eoflee and a species^ of the tea 
tree; bpt the most valuaUe of all the Ceyknese 
pknts Is tiie cinnamon tree, the principal pknth- 
tibns of wfaioh Ue near Colombo. Snakes of mk 
enormous size, and some, of the most venomoiM 
species, are fomid on the island. The eiephank 
of Ceylon «re highly cekbimted for stro^gth aAd 



166 



C H A 



ngaeitj. The inhabitantB seem tob« of three dis- 
tinct races, the Veddah&, or Beddahf , the natiTe 
jCingelese, and the olbpring of foreigners by alii- 
enoes with the natives. (XT the first, verjr little 
is known more than that they are every wild peo- 
ple, subsisting diiefly by hunting and the sponta- 
, neons produce of the woods. The Cingalese 
have a language, and use characters peculiar to 
themselves. 

The religion of Ceylon is the worship of Boodh. 
The number of native Protestants is about 150,000, 
and of Roman Catholics, 50,000. Formerly the 
number was much |;reater, but of late multitudes 
have relapsed into idolatry. 

This island was visited by the Portuguese in 
1505, who maintained their superioritv here du- 
ring 153 years, when they were expelled by the 
Dutch. The Dutch settlements were captured by 
the BritisKin 1796, and the conquest of the island 
was completed in 1815, by the subjection of the 
kin^ of Candy. See Ctmd^. It is now constitu- 
ted mto one of the British governments of India. 
Pop. l,500,00a 

In 1816, the American Board of Commissioners 
for Foreign Missions established a Mission in the 
disteict of Jalfiia, in the northern part of the isl- 
and. In 1890, it consisted of 6 ordained mission- 
aries, a physician, and a printer. It occupies two 
prineipsi stations, Tillipally, and Batticotta, and 
has espedally assi^ed to it six huge parishes, 
with ancient bniklmgs and lands devoted to reli- 
gious use, and containinjra dense Pagan popula- 
tion. It is advantageonuy situated for communi- 
cation with the different parts ol the island and 
with the populous provinces of Southern India, 
and foreztensive and efficient operations. 

The missionaries besides preaching the Gos- 
pel have established 15 free schools^ in which 
about 700 children are instructed in the common 
branches of education, and the principles of 
Chrirtianity. In additikm to the tree schools, 
there is, at each station, a boarding sdiool, con- 
eistin^ of youths taken under the parental care of 
the missionaries, supported by the bounty of be- 
nevolent societies and individuals in America, and 
bearing names selected by the respective donon. 
In 1819, the number of pupils in the boatding 
sehoolswas 48 males and 9 femalea. In no part 
of the heathen world, probably, can chikhren be 
sufmorted and educated so cheaply, as in this part 
of Ceylon. The small sum of IS doHars is con- 
sidered sufficient for the entire support of one boy, 
and boys can be obtained by the missionaries, to 
theextent of the funds with whidi they may be 
Amished. 

C«iini6m, s-p. Portugal, 10 m. W. Setuval. 

Csiy, t France, 3 m. N. W. Joigny. 

Chabaqmdikkt isl. Mass. off the £. end of Mar- 
tha^ vineyard. 

Chabemlit.TnnoBj 9m. 8. E. Valence. 

€%e6lfttt,a provinoe of Savoy, with the title of 
datshy, extending along the southern bank of the 
lake of Geneva as far as the Valais to the east; 
on the west it is bounded by the territory of Qe- 



CAaftlif, t France, 10 m. E. Auxerre. 

C%a6nt,t. France, 6 m. S. Romorantin. 

Ommo, port, in the island of Chiloe, & Amer- 
ioa, OB the narrow channel between the island and 
themaialand. Lat4riaa 

CftoMisaler, t. Eng. in CotnWaU, 6 m. W. Truro* 

CAadUywia«,proviiiDe^ Pera, bomided £. by the 



C HA 

eastern ridges of the Andee, If. W. by Luya and 
Chillaos, and W. by Caxamarca. 

ChactaoU B19, N. W. coast of Ammoa, & of 
Norton sound, between C^>e Denbigh and Bssbo- 
rougfa island. 

Chaeky or Fort Htuthm^ iertifled t HiaL in 
Bahar. Lon. 86*25^ £. Lat 24* SS^N. 

CAooo, an extensive oountry of S. Affierics, m< 
dttded within the limits of the viceroyslty of 
Buenos Ayres ; bounded N. by the country of the 
Chiquitos Indians; E. by the Parsguay ; S. and 
W. by the Spanish provinces <}f the vioeroTtlty. 
ItiB750miles long from N. to8.aB()450farasd; 
and consists of one immense plain, watsred bjr 
the rivers Piloomayo, Vermejo, and Selado. This 
country is inhabited by uncivilised Indian whom 
\i\ the efforts of the Spanish missionariei hsTc 
fidled to reelaiffl from barbarity. 

Chaetawt. See ChodawM, 

CfuuUertm^ t Eng. in Lancashire, 5 m. from 
Manchester: Pop. 4, 1 38. 

Chadenar^ t France, 4 m. fr. Pons. 

Chmnmia, See Cepnnitt. • 

Chagainf^ city of Uie Birman empire, 00 the 
N. baiuc 01 the Irrawud^ river, oppoiits Ats. 
Lon.96*E. Lat.«r54'N. 

Chagford. See Chagford. 

Chagf^f t France, 1 1 m. N . by W. ChakDMor 
Saone. . 

Chagre, a navigable river of 8. Ameriea in thi 
province of Panama, whidi falls into the ooeu 
30 m. W. S. W. Portobello, in let r ir N. Lon. 
80* 16' W. It is navigable for lam barks as far 
as Cruoes, where there is a wharffbr unloadiDfi 
and where the royal custom-house ii esUblishi^ 
The greater part of the commerce between Porto- 
bello and Panama is conduoted by this river. 

Chagriney r. Ohio, runs into lake Erie, N. E. of 
Cleveland. 

Chagrme^ p-t. Cuyahoga 00. Ohio, on lake 
Erie. Pop. 733. 

Chahttigruiy t France, 5-m. N. E. Chatssn^a 
Loir. 

ChmA, r. Siberia, runs into the Obe. 

ChaiUae, t France, 12 m. S. S. W. Aigentoa. 

Chailltmd, t France, 12 m. N. Laval 

ChmUand, t Languedoc, 13 m. N. W. Privia. 

ChaiUti let Marait, t France, 11 m. S. W. F<m. 
tenaye le Comte. 

ChttUUt tints la OrmemtXj t Franee, 10 m. E. 
SaUe. 

Chmllevette, L France, 5 m. S Marsnnei. 

CAooigy, t France, 5 m. W. Orleans. 

Cftom/stofur, in the Pacific. Lon. 145* 50* W. 
Lat. 17*23rS. 

CAatn-SAol/f&m^ near the coast of N.C. L<»>- 
70»36'W. Lat.34«65'S. 

ChaUe Lhtu, La^ t France, 12 m. E. Brionde. 

ChakAre, t France, 14 m. & W. LimDUZ. 

CfuUnii^ t France, 5 m. W. Aubeterre. 

Charlamoni^ t France^ 15 m. 8. Bmuf-^ 
Bresse. 

GlateiMe, or JdbotocMir, a district of Bind. "> 

the provinoe of Gujerat. 
CAafe«f»-jBi^, a large bay between New Biw 

vick and Lower Canada, communicating witn <»< 
gulf of St. Lawrence. 

Chtdgrwoe #Vetf, Eng. in Oxforddure. 

Oka&m, t. France, 6 m. 8. W. Nancy. . 

CkaHn, r. Russia, flows into the KzrAone^ 
Lon.71M4'E. Lat7y6'N. 

GMifiy t. Fraaoe, 15 m. W. Aageis. 



CH A 

Ckaimertf Pfi^ Montiigue idancU in Priooe 
Williun^b wwdL Lon. SIS' Si" £. Ut 60" 
Mr N. 

C9Mp^ r. Alia, rises near Ijum, and empties into 
tbe golf of Cochin China, opposite the island of 



C H A 



167 



OlcJenfie,t.Fnnoeyonthe LoiretlSm.S. W. 
Aiwers. Pop.6ANK 
Cftalenii U Franeoi on the Marne, cap. of 
There are here woollen mannlactures 
The principal objects of trade 
are eom and wine ; 25 nu S. E. Rheims, 108 £. 
FterJs. LoB.4*tr£. Lat 48" 57' ir N. Pop. 

11,100a 

dflAmi^ t. Ftance, on the Saone. It is the see 
of a hiehop ; 170 m. N. Lyons, S14 a £. Paris. 
LoiL4*5VrK. Lat4ir4a'5rN. Pop. 9,000. 

ChmiMM^t* France, 17 m. 8. W. Limoges. 

CSkan, t Bararia, S4 m. N. £. Ratisbon. 

CAoM, or Kham^Y, Switaerlaad, 7 m. S. Zug; 

CUinaik,t. Gold coast of Africa. Lat5*'6'N. 

CkatHbaK, district. Hind, in Lahore, aboat 33^ 
N.lat. Chanbah, ttie cap. is 110m. N. £. La- 



CftoMftme, t Piedmont, 51 m. &E. Aosta. 

CftflMfterri, t cap. of the dntchy of Savor, is 
aftoalnd in a fmitfol vallej at the oonfluz of the 
L'AiaeeandD'Albaas, 35 m. E. 8. £. GeneTa, 55 
E-l^yoni. Lon.5''55'£. ^iAL45«'34'N. Pop. 

ChmwHbtrthufg, p-L and cap. Franklin co. Pa. on 
Coaococheaqoe creek ; 46 m. 8. W. Harrisbnrg^, 
143 W. Philadelphia, 30 8. W. Carlisle, 76 N. W. 
Baltiniore. Loo. 77* ST W. Lat 30" 57 N. 
Pop. in 1818, ti304. The situation is healthy, 
and the sontHudin^ country rich and highly cnl- 
tivatod. The town contains a coorthoose and jail, 
abank, an academy, and 7 honses of pablic wor* 
Aqk it iebnllt principaUjr on two ]Bxge streets, in- 
li B is e ciiiy each other at right angles, and leaving a 
pnblic aqoare in the oentre. On the ereek there 
are sevml mills and manoiacturing establish* 



Oumbeneretkf Orangeco. N. T. a small stream 
near Newbuiig on which it erected a cannon foiin- 

CMaifterltn, v. Fraaoe,6 m. 8. Dijon. 

Chambfy or ChambHst, t. France, 3 m. N. W. 
Beaumont tar CKse. 

CftoMMy, seigniory, in Kent and Bedford cos. 
LowerCanada, on the river Sorel, 12 m.£. Mont- 
reaL Here is a forty and a village of about 100 



Chmmban^ L France, 3 m. W. £vaaz ; one 6 8. 
W. St Etienne. 

ChmmbonL, v. France, in Loir and Cher, 10 m. £. 
Blois. Lon.rSO'fi. Lat.47'37'N. 

CfumbrtfLoj t Savoy, 5 m. N. W. St Jeande 
Maurienne. 

Cfttfmefe/, t France, 9 m. W. Villefranche. 

Cktammm^^ or G/it»n6euitt, t Sardinia, in Savoy, 
in adeligiitfal valley at the foot of Mont Blanc, 
fop. 1,148. 42 m. 8. £. Geneva. 

CAaiRp«gnac,t France, 5 m. £. 8. £. Roche- 
Qionart ; one 5 m. N. E. Manriac 

doBmnie, foimerly a province in the £. of 
"ranoe. The < ' * " 



I chief products are com, and the 
ftmoua wine, called Champagne; and the pastni^ 
sse in some plaoesis eseellent. It nowforms the 
Me of the departments of the Anlennee, the 
JHaiae, the Upper Marae, and the Aube, and the 



greater part of Ihose of the Tonne and the Seina- 
and Marne. 

Cfuunpapu i, France, 6 m. 8. £. Lucon ; one 
1:2 m. N. W. Le Mans ; one 10 m. N. Belley , one 
10m.N.Riberac 

C^iOmpagne Moutan^ t France, 14 m. W. Con- 
Iblens. 

CfumqHignoie^ t. France, 14 m. S. E. Poligny. 

Chan^Higny's Artkmdago^ islands on the N. W. 
coast of New Holland. 

Champah^ the name of a pass throueh the moun- 
tains, between Bahar and Bengal, in Hind. Lon. 
SS'^SOTE. Lat24''30'N. 

Champaign^ co. Ohio, on Mad river a branch 
of the Miami. Pop. 8v479; engaged in agriculture 
1,677, in oommeroe 19, in manufactures^. Chief 
town, Urbanna. 

Cftotimaneer, district, Hind, bounded N. by Go- 
dra, £. by the territories of the Mahratta, S. by 
Narbudda river, and W. by Baroach. Chamr 
paneery the cap. is in Ion. 73* 37' £• lat 2S^ 
31' N. 

Oumpikniers^ t France, 10 m. N. Niort. 

ChampenUretf t. France, 6 m. N. E. Angou- 



CAompeofi, t France, 9 m. N. £. Mayenne. 

C/uwifngny war Fende, t France, 7 m. 8. Chi- 
non. 

Chamfnen^ p-t. Jefferson co. N. Y. on Black riv- 
er, at the head of the Long falls ; 52 m. N. Rome, 
161 N. W. Albany. Pop. 2/MK). 

Champum^ t Trumbull co. Ohio, 4 m. N. War- 
ren. 

Champion^ v. in Painesville, Ohio. 

CAtfnmtetn, p-t and port of entry, Clinton co. 
N.T. on Lake Champlain, 15 m. N. Plattsbui^, 185 
fr. Albany. Pop. 1,618. It is watered by the Cha- 
zy, and contains numerous mills. 

Cktanplainy Lake^ between New-Tork and Ver- 
mont. Its whole length from Whitehall, at its 
southern extremity, to its termination 24 miles 
N. of the Canada line, is 128 miles ; its breadth 
varies from half a mile to 16 miles. Its surface 
coven about 600 square miles. The principal 
streams which flow into it from the east, are the 
Missisque, Lamofl, Onion, and Otter creek ; those 
from the west are the Chazy, Saranac, Sable, the 
waters of Lake George, and Wood Creek. The 
whole extent of country drained by these waters, 
is between 6 and 7^000 sq. miles. There are sev- 
eral large islands in the northern part of the lake, 
the principal of which are North and South He- 
ro, and Isle Lamotte. The outlet of the lake is 
the river 8«:el, which runs N. mto the St Law- 
rence. About 800 tons of shipping are employed 
on the lake, owned principally at Burlington, and 
in the summer season a steamboat pues from 
Whitehall to St John's through its whole length. 
A battle was fought on this lake on the 11th of 
Sept 1814, in which the American fleet under 
Commodore Macdonough, gained a complete vic- 
tory over the British. 

ChaH^ktin CanaL See JVev> Forib StaU, 

Chm^tHUe, t Franoe, 27 m^ W. VesouL 

ChampioHf p-t. Jefierson co. N. T. 

Champot^ t France, 17 m. N. E. Mauriac. 

C/uumuea^L Portuguese Estremadura, 9 m. £. 
Santareno. 

CAomu/t, r. Naples, 6 m. S. S. £. Gieraoe. 

Chanacy t. France, 7 m. 8. W. Meode. 

C/utfuM,r.&lls into the Guadiana between Por- 
tugal and Andalusia. 

Chtmcay, province of Peru, bounded N. by San- 



1(18 



C H A 



U« N. E. and K. 1^ Cuatwdlw, £. by C«iM»« ud 

S. by Cereado. Chanea^, the cap. ii 45 m. N. W. 



Chanuma^ L France, 18 m. N. W. Dijon. 

aumeefordj p-t York oo. Pa. on the W. aide of 
the Snsqaehaanah, oppodte Hub mouth of Conoeto- 
^ creek. Pop. 1^248. 

Chaneefordt (Jmwt) t York co. Pa. Pop. 965. 

ChMudad^ L France, 3m. N. W. Periguenz. 

ChtmdaiL, district, Hind, in Allahabad, between 
S4C>and25<»N.Ut. 

Chaaidanit^ district. Hind, in Lahore. C%a»- 
danu^ the cap. is in lat 33^ 24' N. Ion. 74^ 
41' £. 

Chtnideur Idtmdt^ in the salf oi Mexico, near 
the coast of W. Florida. Lon. 88" 40^ to 88" SB' 
W. Lat.2y30'to28*45'N. 

Obndereoofia, t Hind, in BengaL LQn.8T'38' 
£. Lat2r44'N. 

Chandergheri^ t. Hind. 15 m. S. Mangalore. 

C/umdergunge^ t Hind, in BengaL Lon. 91* 
2(yE. Lat.»56'N. 

Chandemagere^ or Frankhmga^ the principal 
settlement of the French in BemL It u on the 
W bank of the Hoogly, 21 m. above Caktttta, in 
]at2r49'N.lon. 88«26'£. 

CA«fuie^^fy,t. and district of Hind. 72 m. W. 
N.W. Madras. 

Oumdgherfy, t. Hind. 108 m. N. N. W. Serin- 
gapatam. 

Chandler's Qore^ Washington oo. Mdne. Poa 
48. 

CfumdUrtviUe. See Jonetborough. 

ChandienviUu t Somerset co. Maine. Pop. 155. 

Chatidor^ t Hind. 80 m. N. W. Anrangabad. 

CAan^ra-Ot9yrt,t andfortofHind. Lon. 75*8' 
E. Lat.U'SS'N. 

Chandrct^ district and t. Hind, in Malwa. The 
town contains about 14,000 houses, and is on the 
liyer Betwah, in lon. 78" 43' E. lat. 24* 48' N. 

Changmmah, t Hind. 100 m. S. W. Madras. 

Change^ t France, 3 m. S. E. JLe Mans ; one, 3 
m. N. Laval. 

Chang'tongt a province of China, bounded W. 
and N. by the province of Pe-tche-li, S. by Kiang- 
nan, £. by the Eastern sea, and N. E. by the gulf 
of Pe-tcfae-U. X Pop. 24,000,000. Lat 34** SO' to 
38* 1>. 

Cftongy, t France, 11 m. N. W. Roanne. 

Channel^ EngHah, that part of the Atlantic ocean 
which divides England from France. 

CAoTiena/, France, 6 m. S. Clermont. 

Chanonryy t Scotland, united with Rosemarlde, 
forms Fortrose. 

Chaniagir^ r. Siberia runs into the Enesei. Lat 
Al'SO'N. 

ChmUeUe U Chateauj t France, 10 m. N. W. 
Gannat 

Oianienay, t. France, 15 m. W. 8. W. Le 
Mans. 

ChantiUjf^ t France, in Oise, 5 m. W Senlis, 25 
N.Paris. Pop. 2,930. 

ChanUmnay^ t France, 12 m. W. La Chataigna- 
raye. 

Chantrigne.t. France, 9 m. N. Mayenne. 

Chaouree^ t. France, 9 m. W. Bar sur Seine. 

Chtutala, the largest lake of Mexico. It lies 
just above lat 20* N. about 120 m. W. of the city 
of Mexico, and is 90 miles long and 20 broad, cov- 
ering an area of 1225 square miles. 

Chapels JiUerUm. See jiUtrion Chapd. 

CAa/»eZ-en-^Frtlft,t£ng. in Derbyshire. Pop. 
3,042; 4i fr. Buxton. 



C H A 

Cht^ fliittip-t OMigB«R. fXX. oiNcw-Bopr 
creek, which runs into the Haw a branch oi' 
Cape Fear river, 27 m. W. Raleigfa. The sitiia- 
tion is yery healthy, in a high broken country. 
The town contains aboot 3D nouaes, beaides the 
public buildings* 

Chapel HiUis the seat of the University of N. 
Carolina, which was incorporated in 1788* and has 
been liberally patronized by the State. The Col. 
lege buildings ooniist of a chapel, and 2 spncioos 
eulices for the accommodation of students, all of 
brick, and a dwelling house for the President 
The officers of the college were in 1821 a presi- 
dent, 4 prolesiors, vis. one oC mathematics, one oT 
chemistry, one of languages, and one of rtictoric ; 
and 2 tutors. Number ^ sudents 140. 

ChapeHaodf v. Ireland, 2} m. W. DubUn. 

Chmd Kev^ isL in the bay of Honduras. Loa. 
WAffVf, Latl8»N. 

C/u^eUe Agnon^ t France, 5m. N. Ambert. 

Chc^ptUit d^Angittmi^ t France, 10 m. N. Bonr- 
gw. 

Cfti^pcUe w9ti6ry, Zio, t France, 8 m. 8. Si. Flo- 



ChiapdU Bauej Le, t France, 9 m. N. E. Nan- 
tes. 

ChapdU Btmeh^ t- Fraaoe, 3 m. froni Bour- 
gueil. 

C%i99lmlon,p-t Barren co. Ken. 

C^pmcn. t Lyoopunr 00. Pa. Pop.35& 

CAe/i0ian'jB<i9,S.^ioa, between T^le Bay 
and the Cape of Good Hope. 

ChaptUe^ p-t St Mary's co. Md. 

C^,r. fSag. empties at Channonth. 
• CAora^aun. SeeC%m6on. 

CAarodira, ^an. Ckandrua^ r. Greaoe, travcnei 
the plain of Marathon, and 'nils into the sea. 

Charakf (•n.Strof,) t Persia, in Lariatan, oo 
the Persian gulC 

Charmuy, t Ftmnoe, 10 m. W. S. W. Loo^ivuj. 

CharatHL SeeKhanunu 

ChmnUen. See Ckariten* 

Charbotdtref r. Arkansas, which joina the Ar- 
kansas on the 8. side, above the mouth of the Pe- 
tit John. 

C^rvas,or Chanania^ a province of S. Ameri- 
ca, in the Viceroyalty of Buenos Ayres, bouikded 
N. by Cochabamba, E. by Miique, S. by Potosi, 
and W. by the Andes. The name Chazcsks, or au- 
dience of Cbarcas, was formerly applied to a moch 
more extensive territory in the nortiieni part of 
the viceroyalty of Buenos Ayres. 

Chard, t Eng. in Somerset, 15 m. S. Taonton. 

Chardon, p-t. and cap. Geauga oo. Ohio, 12 m. 
S. E. from the mouth of Grand river, 160 N. £. 
Columbus. Pop. 430. 

Charedteh. See Karak, 

Charente, (Carantemu^) a large r. France, rise* 
in Upper Vienne, and after a course of 100 miles, 
falls into the sea, about 8 miles bdow RocheforC, 
opposite the island of Oleron. It is navigable lor 
lai|e vessels to Rochefort 

Charenle^ Loj a department of France, bordered 
by Lower Charente, Deux Sevres, Vienne, Upper 
Vieone, and Dordo^;ne. Pop. 327|000l Extent 
2,240 sq. miles. It is divided into the five arron- 
dissements of Angouleme (the capital,} Cognac, 
Barbesieux, Confolens, and Rufiee. 

CharenU, ihe Loufer^ or La Charente Inferitmrt^ 
a department of France, inclosed by the Atlantic 
and the departments of Gironde alnd Dofdogne, 
Charente, Deux Sevres, and La Vendee. 8q. miles 
2,800. Pop. 393,00a 



C H A 

CAaroiaaM, t FnoiM, 4 m. S. £. Fkris. 

CA«r«Jfe,p-t.Moiit^oinei70o. Missouri, on the 
N. sitle of the Miaouii, 40 m. above St. Charles. 

CkmiAt or Si, Adrian^ V.Greece, in the Morea, 
7 m. S.^ W. AvfjOB. 

ChaHej principal Tillaae in the £1 wah, or 
Great Oasiaof E^^ypt Lon. 29^ 4(r £. LaLSS"* 

Cftomf ,1. Eng. in Kent, 7 m. W. Ashford. 

Ckar^ La, L France, 13 m. N. N. W. Ne- 
ircift. 

Okoraloii, r. MiaMuri^'whieh rum inte the Mis- 
»(Hiri, on the N. tide. Near iti mouth it receives 
th« Little Charito% and below the confluence is 
\H jardswide. 

Ckarittn^ t. and cap of a county lately set off 
&UII1 Uotnud CO. Missouri) is under a bluff on the 
fiver of the same name, at the confluence of the 
Little Chariton. It contains several handsome 
bnck hooMSy a saw and grist mill, a distillery, and 
2bote]a. 35ni. W.Franklin. Pop. about 300. 

C^rtee, or KaHsof^ t Eu. Russia, cap. of the 
jroTcmiBeot of CharkoT. It contains 10 churches, 
2 ccoTeats, and a university. 350 m. S. W. Mos- 
cow, 640 S. S. £. St. Petersburgh. Lon. 36*" 26' 
32 E, Lai. 49^59' 43r'N. Pop. 11,000. 

Ckmrbm^^ govamment of Eu. Russia, bounded 
N. bv Korsk, £. by Voronetz, S. by Ekaterinos- 
kv,vid W. by Pultava. Sq. miles, 13^)00. Pop. 

Cfcarl6s0^, t Eng. in Oxford, 5 m. W. Wood* 
stock. 

Ckmrtemmi^ t !reland,8 m.N. Armagh. 

QtaHamMly p-t. Franklin co. Maaa. 14 m. W. 
Greenfield, 107 W. N. W. Boston. Pop. 1,081 . 

CkarktM/Ui^ strong t. France, 10 m. N. Me- 
3iere£,24S. W. Namur. Lon. 4"* SO' E. Lat. 50" 
: N. Pop. 1,310. 

Ckarleroift t. and fortress of Netherlands, on the 
^^bre,lOm.£.N.£.Mon8. Lon.4''32'£.Lat 

mt^' N. 

CharieSf co. on the W. shore of Maryland, be- 
tveea PoloDBae and Patuxent rivers. Pop. 16,500; 
1:1 vea 9,419; engs^ped in agriculture 1,470, m 
vaimerce 47, in mangfartures 327. Chief town, 
furt Tcjimcco. 

ChawU»t Cape, on the coast of Labrador. Lon. 
SS^^tflO' W.Lat.5r26'N. 
C^Afiei, Cape, Va. the N. cape at the entrance 
f Chenpeake bay. Lon. 75° 58^ W. Lat. ST" 
li' JS*. 

CkoHei dip, co. Va. between James river and 
Jie Chickahominy. Pop. 5,255; alave82,967; enga* 
fed in agricolture 1,313, in manufactures 24. The 
fourt-house, where is a post-office, is 35 m. S. E. 
Hichmond. 

Charles fori, Ireland, at the entrance of Kinsale 
Harbour. 

ChtuieM Island, in Hudson's Straits. I^on. 79* 
J5 W.Lat-er40'N. 

CkoHea Island, on the s^ts of Magellan, 5 m, 
S. S. W. Fortescne's bay. 

Cftariet rtner, Mass. flows between Charlestown 
ind Boston, and joins Mystic river in Boston har- 
* 'jur. Its principal branch issues from a pond bor« 
ilering en Hopkinton., 

Qmrlesian, p-t Montgomery co. N. Y. on the 
Mohawk, 10 m. S. Johnstown, 40 W. Albany. 
Pop. 5,365. It contains 4 houses of public wor- 
liiip. 

ChaHetian duiriei, in the Lower country of S. 
C. between Santee and Combahee rivers. Pop. 
iD 1610, 36^468. Slaves, 11,671. 

22 



C H A 



169 



Charksttm, city and s-p< in Charleston district, 
S. Carolina, 113 m. N. £. Savannah, 113 S. S. £. 
Columbia, 165 £. S. £. Augusta, 544 S. S. W. 
Washington. Lon. 79* 54' W. Lat 32*47' N. 
Pop. in 1790, 16,359; in 1800, 18,712; in 1810, 
24,711, of whom 11,668 were whites, and 13/)43 
blacks ; in 1820, 24,780, of whom 12,652 were 
slaves. 

It is built on the tongue of land between the 
rivers Ashley and Cooper, which ynite immedi- 
ately below the city, and form a spacious and con- 
venient harbour communicating with the ocean 
at Sttllivan^s island 7 m. S. £. of the city. The 
harbour has a bar at its mouth, through which 
are two channels for sea vessels ; the deepest has 
16 feet of water at low tide. Ihe harbour is da- 
fended by fort Moultrie on Sullivan's island, and 
forts Piidmey and Johnson.— ^Among the public 
buildings are a city hall, custom-house, theatre, or* 
phan house, hospital, alms-house, 6 banks, uid 19 
houses of public worship ; viz. 3 Episcopalian, 3 
Presbyterian, 3 Methodist, 2 Independent or Con- 
giegational, 1 Lutheran, 1 Baptist, 1 French Pro- 
testant, 1 Friends, 1 Roman Catholic, a Mariner's 
church, a Jew's synagogue, and an Orphan- 
house church. The Orphan Asylum has grown 
up from small beginnings, to be the most respecta- 
ble establishmlent of the kind on the continent. A 
large and handsome building has been erected, 
sufficiently spacious to accommodate 150 children. 
A chapel is connected with this institution, where 
all the christian clergy of the city perform divine 
service in rotation. Among other charitable soci- 
eties are 2 for the relief of the vridows and or- 
phans of clergymen, one of which is formed by 
members of the Episcopal church, and the other 
by those of the Independent church ; each of them 
has large funds.— The Library Society have a 
well chosen library of 13,000 volumes, which is 
increased annually by an importation of books to 
the amount of about 300t sterling— The 'South 
Carolina Academy of Arts' was formed in 1821 
for the encouragement of the fine art8.-~The city 
is regularly laid out in parallel streets, from 35 to 
70 feet in vridth, running from river to river, and 
intersected by others at right angles. The new 
houses aro of brick, and many of them are ele- 
gant The commerce of Charleston is extensive 
and flourishii^. It imports the foreign goods con<> 
sumed in S. Carolina, a considerable part of N. 
Carolina and a part of <7eoigia. It is connected 
by a canal 22 miles long, with Santee river. In 
1816 it was the fifth town in the United States in 
amount of shipping, the number of tons being 
36,473. The city is regarded as more healthy than 
any part of the low country in the Southern States, 
and during the sickly months is the resort of the 
rich planters from the country and the West In- 
dies. The citizens of Charleston have ever been 
distinguished for polished manners and unaffected 
hospitality. 

CharkHen, p-t and cap. Clarke co. Indiana, 33 
m. from Madison, 2 from Ohio river, and 14 above 
the falls. Pop. about 1,500. 

CkarUsiotm, v. Scotland, 14 m. N. W. Edia^ 



JVtfur, t Penobscot co. Maine, 20 
m. N. W. Bangor. 

Charleslotm, p-t Cheshire co. N. H. on Con- 
nectiout river, over which a brid^ is thrown, 41 
m. W. Conooid, 30 S. Dartmouth college, 80 W. 
by N. Portsmouth. Lon. 72" 19' W. Lat 43" 14^ 
N. Pop. L702. The courts of the ^ounty are 



172 



CH A 



Chatham^ p-t Columbia co. N. T. 18 m. N* E. 
Hudson, 21 S. £. Albany. Pop. 3,372. 

Chatham^ p-t. Morris co. N. J . oa the Passaic, 
13 m. N. W . Elizabethtown. Pop. 1,832. 

Chatham^ p-t. Chester co. Pa. 

Chatham, a central co. N. C. Pop. 12,661 ; 
Rlaves 3,808 ; engaged in agriculture 3,407, in 
commerce 4, in manufactures 136. Chief town 
Pittsburg. 

Chaiham, p-t Chesterfield district, S. C. on the 
W. side of Great Pedee river, 101 m. fr. Colombia. 
It is well situated for trade, the river being navi* 
gable to this place. 

Ch4Uham^ co. iii the eastern district of Geo. on 
the sea coast between Savannah and Ogechee riv- 
ers. Chief t Savannah. Pop. (exclusive of Sa* 
vannah^ 7^^ ; slaves 3^5 ; engaged in agricul- 
ture 3,995, in manufactures 21. « 

Chaihamfour-eomen, p-v. Columbia co. N. Y. 

Chatham Island, in the S. Pacific ocean. Lat of 
the N. point, 43" 43' S. Lon. 183° 2' E. 

Chatham island, in the S. Pacific ocean. Lon. 
172'18r W. Lat lySflTS. 

Chatham^ or Puryo Bay, on the 8. W. coast of 
Florida. Lat 25° 30' N. 

Chatham Straii, a channel on the W. coast of N. 
America. It divides King George the Third's 
Archipelago from Admiralty island. Lat 58° N. 
Lon. 134" W. 

Chalian-bay, an English settlement on the coast 
of Labrador, 200 or 300 m S. Hopedale. 

ChaiUUm, t Piedmont, 10 m. 8. £. Aosta ; one, 
4 m. S. 8. W. Paris ; one, in Savoy, 15 m. N. 
Chamberry. 

ChatiUon tur Bit, t France, in Drome, 30 m. S. 
E. Valence. Pop. 1,207. 

ChattUon U» Dambesy t. France, in Ain, 12 m. 8. 
W. Bourg en Breese. Pop. 3,195. 

ChatiUon nur Jndre, t France^ in Indre, 10 m. 

5. S. £. Loches. Pop. 2,609. 

ChatilUm tur Loing, t France, in Loiret, 40 m. 
£. Orleans. Pop. 1,996. 

ChatiUon tur Loire^ t France, in Loiret, 14 m. 
N. E. Aubigny. Pop. 1,980. 

ChatiUon tur JUame, t. France, in Maine, 18 m. 
8. W. Rheims. Pop. 1,002. 

ChatiUon tur Saone, t France, in Vo^s, 9 m. 

6. E. La Marche. 

ChatiUon tur Stiru, t France, 24 m. E. Ton- 
nere. Lon. 4* 36' E. Lat 47^ 61' N. Pop. 
3,700. 

Chatre, La, t France, on the Indre, 18 m. 8. 3. 
£. Chateauroux. Pop. 4^000. 

Chatteris, v. Eng. 11 m. W. N. W. Ely. 

Chattetpore, city, Hind, in Allahabad. Lon. 79° 
63' E. Lat 24° 57' N. Pop 20/)00. 

Chatterton. See Chadderton, 

Chaudiet Aigytt^ t France, in Cental, 12 m. S. 
W. St Flour. Pop. 2,040. 

Chaudiere, r. Lower Canada, rises in Lake Me- 
gantic, and aifler a northerly course of 102 miles, 
falls into the St Lawrence, 6 m. above Quebec. 
It is not navigable owing to numerous rapids and 
falls, of which the most remarkable are those call- 
ed the Chaudiere Falls, about 4 miles from its 
mouth, where the descent is estimated at 130 feet 

Chavet, (an. Aquoi Flamm,) t Portugal, in Tras- 
los Montes, 30 m. W. Braganza. Pop. 3,650; 

Chauffailiety t France, 17 m. 8. CfaaroUes. 

ChaiJkunda. See Kakundgf. 

Chaulnet, t France, in Somme, 7 m. S. W. Pe- 
vonne. Pop. 1,236. 

Chawoont, t France, 15 m. 8. W. Beauvai«. 



C H£ 

CAmoiMm/, t« France, in Loire, tS m. S. S. W. 
Lyons. Pop. 5^X10. 

Chawnont, p-t in Brownville, Jefferson co. N 
Y. on Chaumont bay, in lake Ontario. 

Chaumoni en Battigftv^ t. France, in Upr^ 
Mame, 147 m. 8. E. Pans. Lon. 6° 14' E Lat. 
48°6'I3:'N. Pop. 6^000. 

C^uny, t France, in Aisne, on the Oiie, 65 m. 
N.N.E. Paris. Pop.4^0a 

Chaux de Fondt, la, v. Switzerland, 9 m. N. N. 
W. NeufchateL Pop. 3,000. 

Chajfonia. See Chartat. 

ChiBunf, river A Big and fAttUy Clinton co. N. Y. 
run into lake Champlain, in the town of ChaiO' 
plain. 

ChoMy, p*t Clinton oo. N. T. on lake Cbain* 
plain, adjoining Plattsburg, 186 m. N. ADuy. 
Pop. 2,31a 

CAeacfie, t Eng. Staffordshire, 15 m. N. E. SUf- 
ford. Pop. 3,191. 

Cheadle Moteky, t. Eng. in Chester, 3 m. S. W. 
Stockport 

Cheat, r. Va. runs into the Monongaheb, 3 or 4 
miles within the Pennsylvania line. It is qsti^- 
ble for boats, except in dry seasons, and there is a 
portage of 37 miles to the Potomac 

Chebaeco^ a parish of Ipswich, Essex eo. Mas<. 
where the small boats called CAe6a«o boaU nt 
built 

Chebueto Bay, on the S. £. coast of Nora Sco- 
tia. Lon. 63° 31' W. Lat 44° 4ff N. 

Cheeo. See Cachao. 

Chedahueto, or Milford Haven, on the E coast r4 
Nova Scotia, at the mouth of the gat of CanKi. 
Lon. 61° 10' W. Lat 45° 25' N. 

Chedbau, or Cheduba, isL in the bay of Bengal 
Lon. 93° 38' E. Lat 18° 51' N. 

ChMer, V. Eng. 7 m. N. W. Wells. 
. Cheego Muddy, t Hind, at the mouth of the 
Caggar, in lat. 23" 5' N. 22 m. 8. W. Boqg«booge. 
• Chtekt erott^roadt, p-v. Hawkins co. Ten. 

Cheetapanny, t and fort, in the Nepaul territo- 
ries. Lon. 85" 30' E. Lat 27° 23' N. 

Chefuncti, r Louisiana, fiills into lake Pcocfaar- 
train, at Madisonville. It is boatabk 30 miles. 

Chegford, t Eng. in Devonshiror 15 m. W. Ex- 
eter. 

Chegoimegon^ Point, N. W. Tenitory, a andy 
point projecting into Lekie Superior and fonnia? 
the eastern side of a bay of the same name. 1^ 
bay affords an excellent harbor for vessels, BDd 
next to that of Grand isle, the best on tiie sootheni 
shore of the Lake. Across its entrance is a chain 
of islands. 27 m. E. Fond du Lac, 130 W. Keweena 
point 

Chdicut, t Abyssinia. Lon. lO' SPT 1?'' E. Lat 
13^ 21' 34'' N. 

Chehn, t Poland, 108 m. E. 8. £. Warsaw. 

Chtbntfordf t Eng. in Essex, at the conflueoee 
oftheChehnerandCann, 22 m. W. Colchester, 
29 E. London. Pop. 4,649. ^ . 

Chelmtfofd, p-t Middlesex co. Mass. oa the N 
aide of the Merrimack, 26 m. N. W. Boston. r<^ 
1,535. Middlesex canal opens into the Mem- 
mack at this place^ through sefieral l0cks. mre 
are a glass house, and extensive quarries w nne 
granite, much used in building. Miwy ^<»^ ^. 
Boston, the University haU at Cambridge, *»" 
the eleeai^ Presbyterian diuich at Savannah are 
built ofthis stone. . ^ 

Cheltea, parish, Eng. in Middlesex, « ^J: 
ride of the Thames, Um. W. London. He^-" 
the greatnttioDftl asylum for decayed aaunauii 



J 



CHE 

eJ soldien: Cfaelnft Hoqntal, being tiie noUeit 
hiiildin^uidoiie of the bettfonndatioDs of the kind 
in Europe. Connected with the ho«pitelf is a 
rt'vai militarr esyliun, fcnmded in IHOl, for the 
education and maintenanoe of soldiers' children. 
Pip. in 1811,18,262. 

Cheiaca^ p-t. and cap. Orange oo. Vt 37 m. N. 
VVmdaor. Pop. 1/162, 

CfuiBeOj t. Suffolk CO. Mais^ 3 m. N. £. Boston. 
Ti'p. 64^2. There is a ferry from Boston across 
(ht> harbor to this place, and it is connected with 
Churlestown by a bridge. 

Chelsea IsM^ng, p-v. and port in Norwich, 
Xew-LoodoD CO. Ct on the point of land between 
^netuckeC and Ncnwich rivers, the two branches 
which tbnn the Thames, 14m. IN. New-London. 

Cheif, r. Ei]^. &lls into the Severn. 

Cheiitnham^ t. end parish Eng. in Gloucester, 
rhiefly oekbnted for it medicinal waters, which 
uttiact about 4^000 visitors to the place during 
summer. Pop. of the parish 8;325w 10 m. £. N. 
L. Gloucester, 94 N. W. London. 

CheUmhmm, t. Montjromery co. Pa. Pop. 956. 

CAeJBS, t. Spain, m ValeiKaa, 18 m. S. W. Se- 
5orbc. Pop. 7,200l 

CktmOU^ L Fiance, in Maine and Loire, 10 m. 
N. E.Cbolet Pop. 3,1 12. 

CAcsKfi, r. Indiana, runs N. and &lls into Lake 
Michigan. 

CAcsMttIs, or Kenmiia^ L Saxony, 36 m. W. a 
W. Dresden. Lon. ir fiO' £. Lat 60" 45' N. 
Pop. 10,835. Here are mann&ctured canvass, cot- 
' on itockingB, cape, and similar stuA. 

Chemimg, p-t Tioga co. N. T. 10 m. S. W. 
Speocer, 198 fr. Albany. Pop. 1,327. 

CkmaU Eemrtej r. Up. Canada, falls into Lake 
5t. Clair. 

Chenango^ r. N. Y. which rises in Madison co. 
and flowing S. receives the Tioghniogfaa and 
unites with the Susquehannah at Binghampton, 
aiter aconrse of about 90 miles. 

CAeMOua, co. N. Y. bounded N. by Madison 
fo. E. by Otsego, and Delaware cos. S. by Broome 
CO. and W. by Broome and Courtland cos. Pop. 
31^15; engaged m agriculture 4,996, in c<xn- 
nerce 54, in manufectures 743. Chief tovn, Nor- 
wich. 

CAensigo, p-l. and cap. Broome co. N. T. on 
(he E. branch of the Susquehannah, 40 m.fr. Nor- 
wk-h, 148 W. S. W. Albany. Pop. 2,626. It con- 
uiM the village ofSthgAata/iton, in which are the 
4 fiDnty4railding8. 

ChmtmgofBHa^ p-v. Broome co. N. T. 

Ckemmg* point See Binghampton. 

ChtnH, V. Nubia on the Nile, with about 250 
hooaea. L«n. 33" 25" £. Lat 16*' 39^ N. 

Chavyan^t^MmAdeny city of Chinese Tar- 
tary, cap. of a district 54 m. £. N. E. Pekin. 
Lon. 122» lO^E. Ut4r 40^ N. 

Ckepaekei^ p-v. in Gloucester, Providence co. 
R. I. It is a flourishing place, aiid eontains seve- 
nd mills on Chepaehet creek. Gloucester bank 
19 in this village. 

ChepewoM. See Chwpewajft. 

CMrfer, »-p. Eng. m Monmouth, on the Wye, 

2 m. iron ils junction with the Severn. It carries 

on eonsiderable trade. Pop^ 2,581. 15 m.N.N. 

W. Bristol 

CA«r, r. France, wfaieh riaes near Bellegarde, 

aud after a course of 150 miles, joins the Loire, a 

little below Tours. 
r%(r, a department of France bounded N. by 



CHE 



I7S 



Loifet,£.by Nievre, S. by AUser, W. by Indre- 
and-Loire. Bourges is the capital. Pop. 228,000. 

CAcrac, t France, 34 m. S. of Saintes. 

Cherateo^ t Piedmont, at the conflux of the Ta- 
naroand Stura. It is one of the strong holds of 
Piedmont ; it contains 7 churches within its walls 
and 3 without 80 m. S. S. £. Turin. Lon. 7"* 
65' £. Lat 44"* 4r N. Pop. 1 1,200. 

Cheraw^ p-v. Darlington district, S. C. 52 m* 
fr. Camden,.90 fr. Georgetown. 

CAer60iii;g, animportant seaport of France, in 
La Manche, on the N. coast, at the bottom of a 
large bay, between Capes La Hogue and Barfleur. 
Ithas long been considered by the French a sta- 
tion of great importance in the navigation of the 
English channel, and immense sums have beoi 
expended in improving the harbor. After several 
fruitless efibrts, this <»jeet was at length accom- 
plished in 1813, by an excavation from the solid 
ground of a harbor capable of containing 50 sail 
of the line. The excavation is 1,000 feet long, 
770 wide, and 50 deep. Awetdockof equaldi- 
mensions was commenced by Bonaparte in 1813» 
and is now nearly completed, after having cost, 
along with the basin, a sum of nearly five mil- 
lions sterling. Cherbourg is 190 m. W. N. W. 
Paris. Lon.1'37 yW.Lat49»38'31"N. Pop. 
10,400. 

Chenbony t. on the N. coast of Java, and capital 
of a principality, situated at the bottom of a deep 
bay. The principality is remarkably fertile in 
timber, coflee, indigo, sugar and pepper. Lon. 
108^35'£.Lat6«43^S. 

Cherokee Agency^ Tennessee, on the S. side of 
the Hiwassee, 36 m. E. N. E. Brainerd. 

Cherokee eomerj p-v. Oglethorpe co. Geo. 

CherokeeBj an Indian nation, whose territory 
lies principally within the chartered limits of 
Geoi^ia, but also extends into N. Carolina on the 
E. and into Alabama on the W. and comprises that 
part of Tennessee which lies S. of Hiwassee and 
Tennessee rivers. The country is of an irreralar 
form; the greatest length from N. E. to S. W. ia 
about 200 miles and the greatest breadth 130, and 
it contains about 10,C^,000 acres. The Al- 
leghany range of mountains penetrates this coun- 
try and gives rise to numerous streams, some of 
which flow N. into the Tennessee and HiwasMe, 
and some form the head waters of rivers flowing 
into the gulf of Mexico. The soil is fertile and 
the climate healthy. The Indians live scattered 
over the country in log cabins, not much inferior 
to those of the whites in the neighbouring settle* 
ments. Many whites reside amon^ them having 
obtained the privileges of citizenship by marrying" 
female natives. These intermarriages have been 
so long practised, that a considerable pert of the 
tribe are of mixed blood. The mixed breed can 
generally speak English, and a few send theirchU- 
dren to the white settlements for education. As 
to their persons, the Cherokees are well formed, 
and of a good appearance. Some of them have as 
fine oenntenanew as can easily be found in any 
country. The children are almost universally ac- 
tive and healthy, and as apt to learn as the chil- 
dren of civilised people. Some of the half-braedi 
have large plantations, which they cultivate by 
the aid of slaves. In 1809, the number of the 
tribe was 12,385. They owned 6,519 horses, 
19,165 black catUe, 1,037 sheep, 19,778 swine, 
13 grist mills, 3 saw mills, 30 wagons, and 583 
negro slave; ; the whole value of which was ee- 



174 



CHE 



timatod at 571,500 d«Uan. Thej had bwidM* 
upwards of 500 looms and 500 ploughs. 

In 1817 the Amerioan Board of Foreign Missions 
established a mission among the Cherokees, and 
the suoeess of this experiment fully evinces the 
practicability of inducing the Indian tribes to a* 
handon the chace and adopt the modes of life of 
civilized society. The principal seat of the mission 
iiatBrainepl, but schools have been established 
at Taloney, Creek path and various other places. 
The Moravians also have a respectable mission at 
Springplaoe uid the Baptists another at Valley 
towns. With a view to the instruction of the In- 
dians in the arts of civilization, the Government 
of the United States have extended their patron- 
age to these missions ; the expense of erecting a 
school-house and a dwelling house has, been de- 
frayed firom the National treasury and $lfiOO a 
year is allowed to the station at Brainenl. The 
Cherokees have appropriated 100,000 acres of 
land for a perpetual school fund which is placed 
«uider the direction of the President of the United 
states. Besides bein^ taught reading, writing, 
arithmetic, and the prmeiples of Christianity, tbe 
•children are instructed in the most useful arts of 
•civilized life. The boys learn the use of the hoe 
and the axe, while the girls learn the use of the 
spinning wheel and the needle. Throughout the 
nation fiiere is a general and strong impression in 
favour of having their children instructed ; and 
were sufficient funds supplied, the greater part of 
the children might at once be brought under a 
system of instruction. 

The Cherokees are governed by a National 
council who meet annnally and consist of chiefs 
from the diflbrent clans. Recently they have be- 
gun to institute civil government among them- 
Alves. The country is divided into 8 districts or 
counties, to each of which a Judge and a Marshal 
are appointed, besides a Circuit Judge who pre- 
sides over two districts. 

Cherokeet of Arkansat. Within a few years, a 
part of the Cherokees have migrated to the coun- 
try on the Arkansas river, the government of the 
U. S. having assigned them lands on that river, in 
exchange for a part of the Cherokee country. 
The country eeded to these emigrants is as lam, 
acre for acre, as that relinquished by them to Sie 
United States. It is bounded S. by the Arkansas 
river and N. by White river ; the E. boundary is 
a line which commences at the mouth of Point 
Remove in the Arkansas, Ion. 94<^ E. and proceeds 
northwardly to White river. The number of emi*^ 
Xiants in 1819 was 6,000. The American Board 
mve a mission among them at Dwight 

Cherrs^fieUj t. Washington co. Maine, 30 m. W. 
Machias. Pop. 181. 

Chary Island, in the South Pacific. Lon. 169° 
56'E.I^t.ll«27'S. 

Cherrytlone, a port of Va. Shipping in 1815, 
1^606 tons. 

Cherrytree^ t. Venango co. Pa. Pop. 297. 

Cherryvalletf, p-t O&ep) co. N#Y. Pop.S,684. 
The three Western turnpikes through the state of 
New- York meet in this place. It is 13 m. S. W. 
Palatine bridge on Mohawk river, 14 N. E. Coop- 
erstown, 53 W. of Albany, 270 fr. Bn&lo. The 
village is large, and contains a bank, a Meeting- 
house and an Academy, and many handsome 
houses. 

ChertyvHie^ p-v. Northampton co. Pa* 

Ch/ertOf alargeiolaiidbeloBjpBgto Austria^ ia 



CHE 

that part of the Adriatic betweaa the coasts of I». 
tria and Dalmatia called the gulf of Camero. li 
is 60 miles l(mg, and has extensve Ibresti, from 
which the Venetians draw a laige supply of wood 
It also exports olives, wine, ^s, silk, and wool 
Pop. 10,000. Cherso, the capital, is oa tlieon&u 
at the bottom of a deep bay. Pop. 4,000. Loo. 
l4*36'E.Lat45*'8'N. 

CAerson, t Eu. Russia, capital of tbe goTem. 
ment of Cherson, on the Dnieper, 60 mites from 
its mouth. It was founded in 1778, and was des- 
tined by the empress Catharine to become tbe 
Petersburg of the Black sea. But from tbe diiS- 
eulty of navigating the Dnieptf, and the anbeaiUi* 
inesB ot the climate, it nradually fell into de- 
cline, and is now completely eclipsed, hj the 
neighbourinr port of Odessa ; but extensive w«rb 
are still carriMl on in the dockyards and amoal 
of Cherson. In 1788, the populatkm wai about 
50,000. In 1803, notabove 11,00a Thsffoven. 
ment ofChenon contains 26,532 square milei, and 
above 400,000 inhabitants. 128 m. 8. W. £ka. 
terinosla V. Lon. 3r 56^ 30? £. Lat 46" 38' iO' X. 

Ckarttey, t Eng. in Surrey, 10 m. from Houib- 
low,22W.S.w7London. 

Cheaadawd Lake^ N. Amerioa, about 210 m. N. 
E. by £. of the £. end of Slave lake, in the Hud. 
son-Bay company'b territory. 

Cheu^eake hay^ a spacious bay of the U. S. lU 
entrance is 12 miles wide, between Cape-Heorj 
in lat. 37** and Cape Charles in 87^ 12^ N. It ex- 
tends 200 maes in a northerly direction, throu^ 
the states of Virginia and Maryland, dividisg thejn 
into two parts, called tbe eastern and weetero 
shores. About 75 miles of the length of the bay 
is in Viipnia, and 125 in Maryland. The breadth 
varies from 7 to 20 miles. It is generally as much 
as 9 fathoms deep, and affords many commodious 
harbours and safe navigation. It receives tbe va- 
ters.of the Susquehannah, Potomac, Rappshao- 
nock, York, and James rivers, besides munberles? 
small streams, both from the eastern and weiteni 
shores. 

Oieaaptak toum^ p-v. Cecil co. Md. 

Chetham^i. Eng. in Buddneham, 25 m.W.y 
W. London. 

Cfuihire^ a county palatine of Eng. bounded X 
by Lancashire, W. by Flint and Denbigh, a sodE. 
byDerbyshire, Staffordshire, and Sallop. It coo- 
tains 1,040 square miles. Coal is abundsat in tbe 
south-east parts, but the principal minertl consists 
of inexhaustible straU of rock salt Cbeshireal'o 
is celebrated for the quantity and excelknoe of its 
cheese, which forms one of the principal «^^ 
PopulaUon 227,031. Families 44,508, of wn'^ 
number 16,396 are enjfpaged in agriealtnre, and 
23,043 in trade and manimctures. 

Cheshire, co. S. W. part of N. a bounded N.by 
Grafton co. E.by Hillsborough €o.& by Maaa. 
ohusetts, and W. by Connecticut river, which lep- 
amies it from • Vermont. Pop. 45,376 ; «og>|^ 
in as^ricultore 7,960, in commerce^ in ^^^"^ 
tttres 1,620. Chief towns, Keene sad Chart««- 
town. «, V r 

Cheshire, p-t Berkshire co. Mass. 17 m^- »• *" 
Lenox, 140 W. N. W. Boston. Pop. ^^ « 

Cheshire, p-L New-Haven co. Ct 13»«J^ 
New-Haven. Pop. 2^1. The Epi»copsl A^ 
amy of Connecticut is estaUiahed here. Itiu^ 
Ihndof |26,000, and a libraqr of ^/T^ 
The institution is under the direction of • rrmu- 
pal, and a Professor of languagii. The»^«f^ 



CHE 

number ofibidenCs hw been T(K The acedemieftl . 
buiMiqp isa brick edifice, 50 feet by 34. 

C%«i£nn,t Gallia co. Ohio, on the Ohio, 10 m. 

N. OftilJpolifl. Popk.446. 

Cfuthmt^ t. Eng^. in Hertford, 13 m. N. London, 

CktsiJ Bwnk, en iwimeniie bank of pebbles oa the 

coa$t of Donet, En;, extending from the iale of 

FordaAd to the maxtSand of Ablxttsbury. 

VHtumt ereek^ Va. a branch of the Great Ken- 
kiws^ where it crones the Carolina line. 

Chenaa hiU, p-v. Northampton eo. Pa. Pop. 
1.026. 
ChemuikSl, p-T. Jackson co. Geo. 
Ckemui fidge^ part of the Alleghany mountains 
which exteoda from Maryland N. E. through Fay- 
«tte and Westmoreland cos. Pa. 

Cfceifer, city, Eng. cap. of Cheshire, on the Dee, 
IB in. from the sea. It is surrounded by wallji 
Dearij two miles in circuit, with four principal 
^tes. Four principal streets lead from the four 
^tes and meet in a centre. Chester contains a 
•.itijedral and eight parish churches within the 
vails, several pls^ea of worship for dissenters, and 
seven! alms-houses, and endowments for charita- 
ble parposes. 'The two annual fairs for Manches- 
ter «oods. Yorkshire cloths, Irish linens, and Bir- 
min^itiam wares, are the most considerable ones 
!b the Dorthem part of the kingdom. 145 m. N. 
Bnnol, 181 N. W. London. Lon. :f 4' W. Lat 
53 UN. Pop. 17,472. 

Ckater, t Lunenburg co. Nova Scotia, in Ma- 
liOQe bay, S5 m. from Windsor. 

Chater^ p-t Rockingham co. N. H. on the E. 
ikJe of the Merrimack, 14 m. N. W. Haverhill, 14 
W. Exeter, 25 S. C. Concord, 31 W. Portsmouth. 
Pep. 2^62. Masabesic pond lies mostly ill (he W. 
part of this town. 

Ooter, p-t Windeor co. Vt. 16m. S. W. Wind- 
.-jr, II W. Charlestown, N. H. Pop. 2,493. 

CAoter, p4. Hampden co. Mass. 20 m. N. W. 
Springfield. Pop. 1^26. 

C^^, p»r. and psirish in Saybrook, Middlesex 
'.o.Ct 

Chater, p-v. in Goshen, Orai^ oo. N. Y. 115 
n.tr. Albany. 

ChuUr, p.t Warren co. N. Y. on the Hudson, 
2S n. W. Ticonderoga, 90 N. Albany. Pop. 
\M Scraon lake lies on the east side of this 
town. 
Chnter^WtfL 3^ fFetl Chetier. 
CkaUT, p-t Morrieco. N. J. Pop. 1,213. 
C&oter, t Burlington CO. N. J. Pop. 2,253. 
Oiatir, CO. Pa. bounded N. E. by Montgomery 
CO. S. £. by Delaware and Phihidelphia txM. S. by 
Maryland, W. by Lancaster co. and N. W. by 
Berks 00. Pop.44y451; engaged in agriculture 
'4^2, in commerce 139, in manufactures 2,659. 
Chief town, West4:iliester. 

Che$terf bor. and cap. Delaware co. Pe. on Del- 
k«tre river, near Marcus Hook, 13 m. N. £. Wil« 
aun^oQ, 15 iiom Philadelphia. Pop. of borough 
^T, of town 638L Its sitnadon is pleasant, and it 
a the rsKirtef much ccNnpany from Philadelphia 
in the summer months. 

Ohaitr hwr, a navigable water of Md. on the 
^^AAeni share. It is fonned by the union of Cy« 
prusaiulAndavercredEs at Bridgetown, ft pass- 
's by Chestertown, receives South East creek 3 
ailes below, and empties in the Chesapeake at 
Uve Poifii, 18 m. below Chester. 

^^er,t Shenandoah co. Va. on the point of 
iaaa between Allen's or North, and South rivers. 



CHE 



175 



the two bnnehes of the Shenandoah, 16 at 8. by 
W. Winchester. 

CfuHtT^ t Cumberland co. Va. on the S. W. 
side of James river, 6 m. S. Richmond, 15 N. 
Blandford. 

Chetter^ district, S. C. on Wateree river. Pop» 
14,189 ; slaves 4,542 ; engaged in agriculture 
4,767, in commerce 45, in manufactures &4. Chief 
town, Chester. 

Chester^ p-t and cap. Chester district, S. C. 22 
m. S. Pinoioiey court-house, 58 N. W. Columbia. 

Chetter, L Wayne co. Ohio, N. W. Woosten 
Pop. 551. 

Chtttery t. Clinton co. Ohio, 5 m. W. Wilming- 
ton. Pop. 1,171. 

Cheater^ t. Geauga co. Ohio. Pop. 269. 

Cfuttar^ t Knox co. Ohio. Pop. 697. 

Cheater^ r. W. Florida, runs into Pensacola bay. 

CkuUr U Street, t. £ng. 6 m. N. Durham. 

CfuMieirfiekL, t. £ng. Derbyshire, on the Rother, 
26 m. N. Derby. Pop. 4,476. 

Cheatei^fidd^ t. Kennebec co. Maine. Pop. 612. 

ChnUxfiMt p-t. Cheshire oo. N. H . on Connecti- 
cut river, opposite Brattleborough, 11 m. S. W. 
Keene, 25 S. by W. Charle^town. Pop. 2,1 10. 

Chetiexfield^ p-t Hampshire co. Mass. 15 m. W. 
Northampton. Pop. 1,447. 

Cheaierfieid, p-t Essex co. N. Y. on Lake Cham- 
plain, 18 m. S. PlatUbuig. Pop. 667. Adgate^$ 
faUi^ in Sable river, is at this place. See Sable 



Chatexfield, t Burlington co. N. J. Pop. 2^7. 

Chesterfield^ co. Va. between James and Appo- 
matox rivers. Pop. 18,003 ; slaves 9,513 ; enga- 
ged in agriculture 2,995, in conmierce 21 * in man- 
ufactures 501 . At the court-house is a post-office. 

Chette^fieldf district, S. C. bordering on N. Caro- 
lina. Pop. 6,645 ; slaves 2,062 ; engaged in agri- 
culture 2,031, in commerce 29, in manu&ctures 
138. 

CheHerfieid Jnlit^ a bay on the W. side of Hud^ 
son's bay, about 200 miles long, and 15 wide. 
Lon. of the mouth, 90** 40^ W.Lat63° SO'N. 

Ckute^fitid Key^ an islet, near the N. coast of 
Cuba. Lon. 77* SC W. Lat. 22" 15' N. 

Chetttrtomh p-t. and cap. Kent co. Md. is 
pleasantly situated on Chester river, about 18 
miles from its mouth in Chesapeake bay, 35 m. S. 
Elkton, 38 8. 8. E. Baltimore. Lon. 77*57 W. 
Lat 38* 12' N. It contains 140 houses, a court- 
house and jail, a specious college edifice, and 2 
houses of public worship, 1 for Methodists, and 1 
for Episcopalians. An elegant bridge is now (1821) 
erecting over Chester river. The town had for* 
merly considerable trade, but is now on the de> 
cline. The amount of shipping in 1805 was 3,421 
tons ; in 1815, it was i,8ia 

Washington college in this towni was incorpo- 
lated in 1782, and had a fund of 1,250L a year 
settled upon it by the lesislature, which has since 
been withdrawn ; and the building is now appro- 
priated to the accommodation of a Latin and £n|;- 
ush school, which is one of the most respectable m 
the state. 

ChealervilUj p-t Kennebec co. Maine^ 30 m. N. 
W. Augusta. Pop. in 1810, 43a 

Cheauneook^ a laige lake, in Maine, through 
which the main branch of the Penobscot flows. 

Chetamache*. See Lafmmhe, 

Chetamaehet lake^ Louisiana, near the mouth of 
the Mississippi. It is 24 miles kog and 9 broad, 
and commomcatee with lake Portage. 



116 



C HI 



Chetecan Head^ cape on the W. oout of Cape 
Breton. Lon. 6(f46'W. Lat48''40' N. 

Cheihamy t. Ene. U m. from Manchester. 

Cherer. See Kkauar, 

Cheifemyy t France, 9 m. S. E. Bloia. 

Oumot HiUtn a ridge of hills in England, run- 
ning from N. £. to S. W. along the borders of 
Northumberland, and dividing tl»t county from 
Roxburghshire in Scotland. 

Chares^ t France, 18 m. E. Aneouleme. 

Chevres^ t. France, 15 m. S. W. Paris. Pop. 
1,130. 

C/uvrieuL See Deer river. 

ChevroHerCy r. Canada, fidls mto the St. Law- 
cence from the N. about 40 m. above Quebec. 

ChewabaiL, s-p. Persia, on the £. side of the en- 
trance of the Persian gul£ 

Cheserjfy t. France, 8 m. N. W. Greneva. 

Chtsy V Abbayey t France, on the Mam, 4 m. 
S. S W. Chateau Thierry. Pop. 1 ,300. 

Chianoi r. Italy, divides into two branches, cme 
of which fells into the Tiber, near Orvieto, and 
the other running north, joins the Amo near Ar* 
czzo^ 

C/uttfUlOy t. Mexico, 40 m. S. W. Puebla de los 
Angelos. 

Cktapoy province, Guatimala, bounded W. by 
Oaxaoa, S. by Guatimala, E. by Vera Paz and 
Yucatan, N. by Vera Cruz. 

Chiapa dot EtpagnM, or Cividad Real^ cap. of 
the above province, SdO m. N. W. Guatimala. 
Lon. 93" 23^ W. Lat. ir N. Pop. 2,500. Its 
principal commerce is in cocoa nuts, cotton, wool, 
sugar, and cochineal. 

CfUapa de loi Indiosy the largest Indian town in 
Guatimala, in the N. W. extremity of the conn- 
try, on the isthmus of Tehuantepec, about half 
way between the gulf of Mexico and the Pacific 
ocean. It has about 20^000 Indian inhabitants, 
who are rich and enjoy many privileges. The 
celebrated Las Cases, the apostle of the Indians, 
was the first bishop of this place. Lon. 93°63' 
W.Lat.irS'N. 

Cfuaramontey t. Sicily, in Val di Note, 25 m. W. 
Syracuse. Pop. 6,500. 

Chiarenaoy or ClarenzOy s-p. En. Turkey, on 
the W. coast of the Morea, 80 m. W. Corinth. 
Lon. 21' IC E. Lat 38* ir N. 

Chiariy t. Lomb»rdy, 12 m. W. Brescia. Lon. 
r56'E.Lat45**32'N. Pop. 7,000. 

Chicueiaf r. Ecclesiastical States, fells into the 
Tiber, 5 m. S. Perugia. 

Chiavari,i. territory of Genoa, 20 m. S. E.Ge- 
noa. Pop. nearly 8,000. 

ChMmen$My a county of Lombardy, N. of the 
lake of Como, on the borders of Switzerland, be- 
tween the country of the Grisons and the Valte- 
line, 18 miles long and 15 broad. Pop. 18,000. 
Chiavenna, the capital, is deemed the key of Lorn- 
hardy, on the side of the Grison territory. It is 
on the side of a high mountain on the right bank of 
the Maira, a little above its influx into the lake of 
Como. 38 DL N. Como. Lon. 9" 21' E. Lat 
4e»16'N. Pop. 2,800. 

G%sfiw, 6ii(^ ^, a deep bay on the N. E. side of 
the island of Gilolo. 

CkUrianey v. Cyprus, anciently called Corinea ; 
celebrated for its wine. 

Ch$eafOy river, or arm of Lake Michigan, at its 
S. end, in Illinois. A mile from the lake it divides 
into two channels : the N. channel extends along 
the west side ofthe lake, about 30 nules; the&is 
only 6 miles loog, and aJTorde a secure harbour for 



CHI 

vessels of almost any burden, but has a bsrat id 
mouth with only two feet water. This obstrac- 
tion might%e easily removed, and the harbor ten- 
dered accessible. The portage from Chicago nrer 
to the Des Planes one of the two branches of Illi- 
nois river, is 9 miles, and is so low as often to b^ 
covered with water and passed in boats. A rami 
here is contemplated, and could be made with lit- 
tle expense, which would open a water communi- 
cation between the Great Lakes and the Missisip- 
pi, through the Illinois. Half a mile from the 
month ofthe Chicago, is Fori Dearborn^ which *«. 

CAteamo, r. Peru, which falls into the Ptriir 
ooean,inhit7'*4S'S. 

Chieapeey r. Mass. is formed of three priodpsil 
branches, Ware, Swift and Quaboag riven, which 
rise in Worcester county ; the united stresm nub 
into Connecticut river, 4 m. above Springfield. 

CAflcour, t. Hind. 16 m. S. Chitlore. 

ChiehMCtiOf t. and fortress, Bootan,on the fron- 
tier of Bengal, SO m. N. Rnngpore. Lon. \jff' & 
E.Lat26»42'N. 

CkUhoB y Tbr^'a, a province of Boenos A jm, 
bounded N. by Poton, E. by the Indian country, 
S. by Jujuy, and W. by the Andes, which iepsinte» 
it from the desert of Attacama. 

Chiehettery city, Eng. cap. of Sussex, on the Le- 
vant. It is a bishops see, and besides the cotlic- 
dral there are six parish churches. Large quao- 
titles of salt are made at Itchenor, 3 miles from 
Chichester, where ship building is also csrn«l en 
to some extent This city sends two memben to 

r*liament 86m.S.E. Winchester, end 61 1^^^. 
London. Lon. 0^ 47' W. Lat 50*50' N. IV 
6,425. 

ChiehitUr,t Rockingham co. N. H. 10m.E 
Concord, 45 N. W. Portsmouth. Pop. 1,010. 

CkUketttTy Lower and C^er, 2 towns in Dela 
ware co. Pa. Pop. of Lower Chichester 502 ; ^ 
Upper, 413. 

CkUkahomvMfyT, Va. runs into the N.n(iet( 
^ames ri ver, 37 m. above Point Comfort It ha? i 
bar at its mouth with 12 feet water, above wh!ci> 
lam vessels asceiid 8, and vessels of 6 tons,^: 
mi&s. 

Ckiekamaugtth creek, riaes in Georgia, tnd join* 
the Tennessee, a few miles above Lookout Moiu.- 
tains. 

Chiekatawy r. Ten. runs into Mississippi. 

Chickaeaiw Agentyy Alabama, in thecouotrju. 
theChickasaws, 27 m. W. Cotton-Gin-Port, B- 
S. W. Huntsville. Here is a post-office. 

ChiekoMOiw^ Bluffs, four in number, on the K 
side of the Mississippi, in Mississippi State. Tk 
upper bluff is 176 m. below the mouth ofthe Ohio : 
it IS between 300 and 300 feet high andeiteii|t^ 
Smiles on the river. The other three occur at tbf 
successive distances of 1 1, 21 and 32 miles spsil 

Chiekaamtt, Indians, whose eountiy li«alin«t 
wholly within the chartered limits of Miisw^P^ 
but also embraces a small section of AUbw"- 
Formerly then- possessions extended north to 
Ohio river, but in 1818 they ceded to the Unm 
States aU their Unds N. of the southern hoiffldary 
ofTennessee. OntheS. isthecountiyofthethoc- 
taws. The Chwkasaws according to the "low oi 
the United States agent are 6,456 in namket^Li''^ 
their neighbours the Cherokees «nd Chocta* 
they are considerably advanced in ovtot^P' 
At their raquestthe Amerioaa Board ^f^^^'f; 
Missions are preparing to establish among them c 
mission. ^-it, 

Ckiekyoi$h4iiy,r. Mississippi, rises in the Cfcpc 



CHI 

fiw coimtr7,iiid8 mil«s below, N. lat 91* joiu 
Leaf rirer to form the Pascagoula. 

Ckichrmrhrri p-v. Greene co Miseinippi 

atdbM, r. Spain, 52 m. S. S. W. SeiriUe. 

QbrM«,t£. Afnca, oelebrated for iU silver 
fflm«3. LoiL3(r9ir£.Latl6^9(KS. 

CA«fi^, Cape^ on the N. coast of Labrador, at 
the eotranoe of Hodaaa's straits. Lon. 70° 25' W. 

CAiisii, Iiofo, in BaTaria, between the Inn and 
Salnch. It is 12 miles IcMog and 8 broad. 

Chunto, r. Italj, fidls into the gulf of Venice. 
Ui.4yi4'N. 

CAieri, or CKteri, t Piedmont, surroonded with 
vails. 6 m. £. Turin. Lon. r> 48' £. Lat 45''4'N. 

?cpL]o,ooa 

ChitKf r. Italy, ftlls into the Oglio, at Caneto, 
iothedateby of Mantua. 

ChieU, t Na^/M, in Abruzzo Citra, on the Pes- 
can, 780. N. e. Rome, 93 N. Naples. Lon. 14* 
30 Ut. 48" 22' N. Pop. 12,234. 

Oaam, t Netherlands, 12 m. N. W. Mons. 

ChifrmonL See Bovinet. 

CbifvneU^T. Louisiana, falls into Lake Ponchar- 
train. & little below Madison ville. 

Ckipuao Bogy the N.W. arm of the bay of Fun- 
<ij, io Nova Seotia. 

CkhvaakuA, t Mexico, in Durango. It is sur- 
rounded with mines of silver on every side. 180 
a N. W. Mexico. Lon. 108* 16' W. Lat. 28* SCT 
>. Pop. 11,600. 

CAtidi^,a kingdom of £. Africa, W. of Mono- 
o'ipata. Here are valuable gold mines. 

iMhikt, t Hind. II m. S. W. Seringapatam. 

Cyce, i-p Peru, 40 m. S.Callao. Lat. 12* 
3fS. 

eye, r. Chili, ialls into the Pacific, in lat. 

CAtit,coantry, 8. America, bounded N. by the 
dfivrt of Atscama, which separates it from Peru ; 
K. bj tlie Andes, which separate it from Buenos 
Ayres; 8. by Patagona ; and W. by the Pacific 
Oceso. It is a long and narrow country, extend- 
i^ from 25* to 43° S. lat. about 1,300 miles long, 
ukl oDBn sTerage 140 broad, and containing about 
loO^ squsre milee. The part of this country 
^'^ited bj the Spaniards, is from the northern 
Wjiidarj to the river Biobio in lat 36*60' S. 
TKe parts, of the Biobio, is occupied by the A- 
raucanian Indians. Chili is well watered. Lying 
at the foot of the Andes, it naturally receives the 
vaten vhich (all on the western declivity of those 
Boaataias, and rush with the rapidity of torrents 
^^ireeUj ioto the Pacific Ocean. The rivers are 
nameroas and serve to irrigate the valleys, ren- 
drtin; thsffl exceedingly fertile. Chili has been 
ttl>d the Switzerland of America. The lofty 
<'hain of the Andes runs along its whole eastern 
^ "laiary, and the country below is composed to a 
cci]«id«rable extent of vallies surrounded by high 
& A.otains or ridges. In most cases there are little 
•.^aiQ;»s in these ridm, more or less rugged and 
piecipitoQf, and passable only for mules. 

Ki to its climate^ Chili may be divided into two 
^oQs ; the variable and humid region, south of 
^t. as", where the weather is chim^eful and it 
f^^ Qocaaiooally throughout the year; and the 
©liable and dry country, where it does not rain 
^>f two thirds of the year, and in the most north- 
erly provinces does not rain at all. Throughout 
tJ^ whole of this dry country, extending from 25* 
^' ^' of S. lat a distance of nearly 700 miles, not 
uloudUtobeseenfrom November to May. The 

23 



C HI 



177 



atmosphere daring this period is perfeetly dear, 
and the dews are scarcely perceptible, nor is the 
heat oppressive. The proximity of the Andes 
tempers the air, and the mercury fluctuates be- 
tween 70 and 80 of Fahrenheit, and rarely rises to 
85*. Thunder storms are unknown in this part of 
Chili. The climate generally is remarkably salu* 
briotts. The southern part of Chili is abundantly 
clothed with fine timber and forest trees and 
abounds with com, wine and oil. The country 
between the parallel of 32? and the northern 
boundary is dr^ and barren of vegetable produc- 
tions, but rich m mines of tin, copper, silver and 
gokl. The climate and soil of Chili are well 
adapted to the culture of sugar and rice. Cattle 
are every where numerous and of a large sixe. 
Gold is found in the sands of the plains, brooks 
and rivers, and to a neater or less degree in almost 
every mountain and hill of the noruem provin- 
ces. Several of the mines have been wrought for 
centuries and have yielded a mat produce. All 
the silver mines are found in &e highest and cold- 
est parts of the Andes, and on that account few of 
them are worked. The silver mine of Huasco it 
the richest in the world. The copper mines aie 
exceedingly numerous, and all that are worked 
yield at least half of the wekht of the ore in re- 
fined copper. The value of the gold and silver 
annually produced, a few years since was estima^ 
ted at ^000,000; and that of the copper and tin 
is supposed to be f500,0oa Besides these metals, 
lead, and iron of the very best quality, are found 
in abundance. There are also several mines of 
quicksilver. There are 14 volcanoes m Chili 
which are in a state of constant eruption, and a 
still greater number that dischaige smoke only at 
intervals. With one or two exceptions, they all 
lie nearly in the middle of the Andes from £. to 
W. so that the lava and ashes thrown out by them 
never extend beyond the mountains. Three or 
four earthquakes occur in Chili annually. The^ 
are however generally slight, and little notice is 
taken of them. There are but three carriage 
roads in the whole country, viz. 2 from St J ago to 
Valparaiso and 1 from St Jago to Conception. The 
high ridges whidi every where separate the val- 
lies of ChiU from each other, are passable only 
for mules. The commerce with the provinces of 
Buenos Ayres is carried on through the passes 
of the Andes. The pass most frequented is that of 
Putaendo. 

According to a census taken about the year 
1812, the population is 1,200,000, exclusive of in- 
dependent tribes of Indians. With a trifling ex- 
ception, the whole of this population is concentra- 
ted between the rivers Juncal and Biobio, on a 
territory of about lOOgOOO square miles, making 
12 to a square mile. What portion of the 
1,200,000 are Indians cannot be exactly ascertain- 
ed. In almost every valley there is a town of sub- 
missive Indians, and there are besides about 
60,000 held in slavery. Mestizoes are numerous 
in the vicinity of all the Indian towns, and the 
Huasos or peasantry are all of this mixed class. 
There are very few negroes, not more than 1^000 
in all the country. Chili was formerly a Spanish 
colony, under the dominion of a viceroy. In 1810, 
during the troubles in Spain, the people took the 

government into their own hands ; but in 1814 the 
panish troops from Peru invaded the country 
and re-established the royal authority. In 1817, 
however, the revolutionists, aided by an army 
from Buenos Ayres under Gen.3an Martin,deftated 



178 



C H I 



the royal troops, and restored the independence of 
the country. The declaration of independence is 
dated February 12th, 18 1 8. The supreme author- 
ity at present is in the hands of a durector, who is 
absolute. It is expected, however, that a con- 
gress will soon be called and a government organ- 
ized on republican principles. The Roman Cath- 
olic is the established religion. There are said to 
be about 10,000 monks and nuns in Chili ; and the 
religious institutions with which they are connec- 
ted, hold nearly one third of the landed property 
of the country, besides about ten million dollars 
in money lent out at an interest of five per cent, 
-per annum. 

The army, in 1818, consisted of 8,400 regular 
troops, besides militia ; the navy of one vessel 
of 62 guns ; one of 36; two of 23 ; one of 18 ; 
and one of 14; recently purchased and manned 
lly foreign seamen, chiefly Americans and English, 
•riie revenue in 1817 was |2,177^67. While 
Chili was a Spanish colony, European goods to 
the amount of more than a million of dollars were 
sent from the mo^er country in exchange princi- 
pally for gold and silver. From the opening of 
the ports by the revolutionists in February 1817, 
to July 1818, the imports into Chili in British 
vessels amounted to about $1,800,000 ; and in ves- 
sels belonging to citizens of the United States to 
about |1 ,300,000. The imports consisted of arms, 
ammunition, iron, furniture, tobacco, and of 
French, India, and British manufactures, particu- 
larly the latter. The exports were gold, silver, 
copper,*tin,wheat, hemp, hides, peltry, figs, rai- 
sins, &c. 
ChiHj t. Monroe co. N. Y. taken from Riga. 
Chilidromia. See Lidromia. 
CkiSka^ lake. Hind, on the coast, 36 miles long 
by 10 or 12 broad. 40 m. S. W. Cuttack. Lat. 
19'39'N. 

Chiliambaramj t Hind, on the coast of the Car- 
natic. 120 m. S. S. W. Madras. Lon. 79° 52' E. 
Lat.ir27'N. 

Chilian^ province, Chili, bounded N. by Maule, 
£. by the Andes, and W. by Itata. Chilian, the 
capital, is on the river Chilian. Lat 35** 36' N. 
ChiUeurt, t France, 14 m. N. E. Orleans. 
ChiUicothey p-t and cap. Ross co. Ohio, and the 
second town in size in the State, on the W. bank of 
the Scioto, 45 m. in a direct line, and 70 by water 
from its mouth ; 45 m. S. Columbus, 70 S. W. 
Zanesville, 93 E. by N. Cincinnati. Lon. 82** 56' 
W. Lat. 39" 14' N. Pop. 2,426. It is laid out 
on an elevated plain between Paint creek and the 
Scioto. The streets are spacious and cross each 
other at right angles. It contains a courthouse 
and jail, a market-house, 2 printing oflices, Shanks 
including the branch bank of the United States, 3 
houses of public worship, 1 for Presbyterians, 1 
for Seceders, and 1 for Methodists, and an acade- 
my. In the town and vicinity are many valuable 
mills and manufactories. 

Chillis, t. Syria, in the pachalic of Aleppo. It 
has 15 mosques, large bazars, and is a noted mart 
for cottons. 15 m. N. Aleppo. 

ChUUsquamUy t. Northumberland co. Pa. on the 
W. In^nch of theSusquehannah, 6 m. above North- 
umberland. Pop. 1,035. 

ChiUoa^ V. New Grenada, on the Magdalena. 
Lat 9" 6' N. 

ChiUon^ a fortified castle of Switzerland, in the 
canton of Vaud, on a peninsular rock, at the £. 
«iidof the lake of Geneva, 6 m. S. E. Vevay. 



C H I 

ChiUimeoltay t Hind, in Mysore, 20 si. E. Chi- 
nabalaram. 

Chilhimealy t Hind. 17 m. N. W. Cnddapah. 

Chiimark, t Duke's co. on Martha's Vineyard 
Island, Mass. 90 ra. S. by |:. Boston. Pop. 695. In 
this town is the blufi", called Gay-head, 

Chilmary^ t. Bengal, on the Brahmapootra river. 
Lon.90"3'E. Lat 25" 25' N, 

CkUney^ isl. in the Arabian sea, near the coast of 
Persia. Lon. 65" 44' E. Lat 25" N. 

ChUoy t. Clermont co. Ohio, on the Ohio, 23 m. 
S. WilHamsburg. Pop. 115. 

Chilot^ Archipelago ofy a cluster of islands in a 
large gulf or bay at the S. extremity of Chili. It 
consists of 47 islands, 32 of which are inhabited. 
Chiloe, the principal island, is between lat 42" IS' 
and 43" 47' S. and is about 120 miles long. It is 
separated from the main land by a channel little 
more than a mile wide. 

Chilongeryy t Hind. 45 m. N. W. Serin gaps- 
tam. 

Chiiparufingo^ t. Mexico, on the great road from 
Mexico to Acapulco. 

Chilqtitt y Masque*^ province of Peru, bounded 
W. by Cotabamba, N. by Abancay, and N. E. by 
Cuzco. The capital is Paruro. 

ChiUem HiUs^ a ridge of chalky hills in England 
passing nearly through the centre of the county of 
Buckingham. 

Chitcert Colon, t Eng. in Warwickshire. 
• Chmaroj s-p. Eu. Turkey, 36 m. S. Valona. 
Lon. 19" 53' E. Lat 40" 19' N. 

Chimenfyi. Netherlands, inHainault, on the riv- 
er Blanche Eau, 10 m. N. Rocroy. Pop. 2,083. 

ChimborazOy the most elevated summit of the 
Andes, is 100 m. S.W. Quito. LatrSCS. It 
rises to the height of 21,440 feet above the level of 
the sea, and for nearly 5,000 feet from its top is 
covered with perpetual snow. This vast mountain 
presents a most magnificent spectacle when seen 
from the shores ofthePacifk; ocean,with its enormous 
circular summit projected upon the deep azure blue 
of the equatorial sky. It was ascended by Hum- 
boldt on the 23d June 1797, who with his party 
reached the height of 19,300 foot above the level 
of the sea, when their further progress was pre- 
vented by a chasm 500 feet wide. Here they were 
surrounded by a thick fog, and greatly incommo- 
ded by the extreme tenuity of the air, whieh was 
also felt intensely cold and piercing. Respiration 
was difficult, and blood oozed from their eyes, 
their lips, and their gums. The point on which 
they stood was higher than any ever before at- 
tained by man. 

China, an extensive empire in the S. E. of Asia. 
The territories subject or tributary to the emperor 
of China are of vast extent including Mandshnria 
and Mongolia proper, Thibet, and the whole of 
central Asia, between Hindostan on the S. and 
Asiatic Russia on the N. On the W. it is bounded 
by the Belur mountains, which separate it fitm 
Independent Tartary. The countryj however, 
described in the present aKicle, is Chma proper, 
which is of much more limited extent lying be- 
tween 20" and 41" N. lat and between 98" and ifKT 
E. lon. It is bounded E. and S. by the sea, W. by 
Thibet, N. by Chinese Tartary, and contains about 
1,300,000 sq. miles. The surface appears to be 
agreeably diversified with hills and vallies, plains 
and mountains. One chain of mountains running 
from west to east through the southern provinces, 
seems to be a prolongation of the Himmaleh rang^e 



C H I 

la approttdui^ the Bea it tunu to the north-eaitt 
ajod termiiuites on the coast a little louth of the 
p-eal rirer Yan^-tfle-kian^. The north of China 
1^ u.lsa iotenected by several chains of mountains, 
bat their direction b unknown, as that part of the 
•.>T)untry has never been explored by Europeans. 
The climmte is very diftreut in different parts of 
the countr J. The heat in the southern provinces 
is grtAter than in fiengal, while in Pekin, near 
the northern frontier, snow lies on the ground for 
three months of the year, and the climate is colder 
than under the same latitude in Europe. The 
{orincipal cultivated production is rice, which is 
*ike general food of the people, the tea-plant, and 
dte white mulberry for the productions of silk, 
wluch has long been one of the staples of the em- 
lire. The forests produce the camphor tree, tal- 
low tree, and paper mulberry tree. Agriculture 
!• proeecated with much care. Every spot is 
brought under cultivation ; even steep hills and 
mountains are converted into terraces, one above 
Another, each supported by a mound of stone, 
while reservoirs are made at the top, in which rain 
is collected and conveyed down the sides to water 
Ihe plants. Beds of c»al in the province of Shan- 
tung supply the greater part of China with fiieL 
Copper ^wundi m the southwestern provinces, 
ind mines of gold and silver are said to be co- 
pions. 

The public works of China are magnificent. 
.No nation can produce a parallel to the great ca- 
□ai, wtiicfa runs in a continuous line from Pekin 
SOO miles to the Tang-tse-kiang. By means of the 
Ysng-tse-kiang and one of its tributaries from the 
S. the navuration is continued to the frontier of the 
province of Canton. It is here interrupted by a 
rsnge of mountains which runs across China, and 
whu:h must be passed by land, but on the opposite 
liJe of the range travellers embark on another riv- 
rr, which ialls into the sea near Canton : so that 
t«tveen that city and Pekin, a distance of 1,000 
aiJes the water conmiunication is uninterrupted, 
^icept by a land journey of a single day. Smaller 
ranals are almost innumerable. The great roads 
4ui bridges of China are likewise very magnifi- 
cat. But the most stupendous of all ihe public 
irorks of the Chinese is the great wall. This mighty 
rampart runs along the whole northern and part 
^ the western frontier, and is carried over rivers 
upon arches, over plains, vallies and mountains, 
ihroogh a distance of 1,000 miles. It is built of 
brick and stone, usually 25 feet high and so thick 
that 6 horsemen can ride abreast on the top. It is 
provided with towers at every little interval, and 
was designed as a barrier against the incursions of 
the Tartars. The period of its erection is vari- 
ously stated from 600 to 2000 years ago. 

The population of China has been a subject of 
rnuch sp^Eulation. The number of 333,(XX),000 
which was given by a mandarin to Lord Macart- 
ney, as founded on official data, seems abandoned 
0X1 all hands as an empty vaunt. Geographers 
now generally place it somewhere about 
1 30,000^000. The government is an absolute des- 
potism, but is administered with much of the patri- 
archal spirit. The army is estimated at 810,000 
a«n,of whom 210,000 are cavalry and 600,000 
iaCuitry. The revenue is reckoned by Barrow at 
X66,000/W0. 

The officers of government are called Manda- 
noi, and are divided into nine orders, the low- 
est of which are entrusted with the collection of 
the itTOiae, others are governors of cttiet, 



C H 1 



179 



and the highest class are governors of prov- 
inces or viceroys. There is no established reli- 
gion and no congregational worship, the govern- 
ment studiously avoiding and prohibiting every 
thing by which men can be assembled together. 
The system almost exclusively professed is that of 
Fo, which is distinguished by numerous images of 
departed worthies, some of gigantic size ; by pro- 
cessions, bells, besids, and tapers, forming a strik- 
ing resemblance to the Catholic rites. The Chris- 
tian religion has been introduced by the Jesuits, 
who at one time boasted of 300,000 converts, but 
their career has been stopped fc^ that hostility to 
change which is so deeply fixed in the ruling pow- 
ers. The Chinese are of a mild, affable axklquiet 
disposition. Among their good equalities are un- 
remitting industry, perseverance m their pursuits, 
exactness and punctuality in business, veneration 
tor parents and ancestors,andageneralgood humour 
and courtesy of manners. Among tiieir vices are an 
entire disregard of truth, and unparalleled skill in 
the art of cheating. 

The Chinese display great ingenuity in the 
manufacture of porcelain, silks and satins, cot- 
tons, and a variety of little ornamental articles. 
Their paper and mk are also of a very superior 
quality. The internal commerce of China is un- 
rivalled in extent The innumerable rivers and 
canals with which it is intersected, are covered 
with barges of every form and dimension, intern- 
changing the productions of the different provin- 
ces. Considerable commerce is also carried on 
with the Indian islands by the Chinese in their 
own junks, no vessel from these quarters being al- 
lowed in return to enter her ports. Foreign com- 
merce is viewed with a jealous eye. Europeans 
have only two points at which they are allowed to 
trade, one at Kiachta the emporium for the over- 
land trade of Russia, and the other at Canton. 
The management of the trade at Canton is vested 
in 10 or 12 persons, called the fumg merchants, 
who are generally men of great wealth, and re- 
ceive the im^rial license to trade with Europe- 
ans. All foreign cargoes pass through their hands, 
and they also provide the cargoes to be exported ; 
but though they thus enjoy a monopoly, yet as they 
are men of extensive dealings, they do not afford 
much reason to complain of their conduct. The 
principal exports are tea, silks, cottons, and china^ 
ware. Among the principal exports are woollen 
cloths, furs, cotton, opium, and watches. 

CAtna, t Kennebec co. Maine, 20 m. N. Augus- 
ta. Pop. 894. 

CAtna, t. in the S. W. comer of Genesee co. N. 
y. Pop. 780. 

CAtna grove^ p-v. Georgetown district, S. C. 

ChinampcUa, L Hind. Lon. 78*' S' E. Lat 9° 
41' N. 

CAtfiopa/am, t Hind, in Mysore. Lon. 7T* 44' 
E. LatirSQ'N. 

Chinmaiam, the ori^al name ofMadnu, 

Chinenanehi, v. Mexico, 10 m. N.Merida. 

ChtnehiUa^ t Spain, in Murcia, 168 m. S. E. 
Madrid. Lon. r 52' W. Lat. 38* 48' N. Pop. 
4,50a 

Chindum^ t Spain, in Segovia, 18 m. E. S. £. 
Madrid. Pop. 3,680. 

CAtncAoor, t. Hind, in Auningabad, on the road 
from Bombay to Poonah. Pop. 5,000. 

CAtfuAuro, t. Bengal, 20 m. S. S. W. Dinaga- 
pore. 

ChineUputf t and fortress. Hind, and cap. of 
Chincleput district It is situated on the N . £^ 



tio 



CHI 



bank of the Palar river, 39 m. fr6m Madras. L<m. 
TVSS'E. Latirsd'N. 

CMnet Loy v. Lower Canada, on the itland of 
Montreal, 7 m. above the city. It ia the centre of 
all the oommeroe between Upper and Lower Can- 
ada. Here the boats of the N. W. oempany com- 
mence their Toyage for the interior country of 
America. It is intended to cat a canal from La 
Chine to Montreal, by which a direct communica- 
tion with the city will be opened, and the difficult 
passage of the rapid of St Louis avoided. 

Chifmaehin^ t Nepaul It is the frontier town 
towards the N. W. Lon. 8^ 35' £. Lat. 30" 29' N. 

CAutnoofc, r. N. America, runs into the N. side 
of Columbia river near its mouth. 

Chinortj t France, in Indre and Loire, on the Vi- 
enne. Lon. 0" 14' SB" W. Lat. 47" 1 1' N. Pop. 5,500. 

Ckmradwrganij fort, Hind, in Mysore. Lon. 78° 
rE. Lat. 12* 23' N. 

CAmJuro, the principal Dutch settlement in 
Bengal, on the W. bank of the Hoogly, 24 m. 
above Calcutta. In 1795 it was captured by the 
British, but has been lately restored. The Lon- 
don Society have 3 Missionaries here, and schools 
have been established on an extensive scale for the 
education of the natives. Lon. 88° 28' E. Lat ST 
62' N. 

O^on^, t NepauL Lon. 85'* 52^ E. Lat2T* 
29' N. 

CkiM. See Sdo. 

CkioMBQ^ or Chwgxia, isl. in the Adriatic, near 
the mouth of the Brenta. Pop. 20,000. The 
town of Chiozza is on the island, 14 m. S. Venice. 

Chipianay t Spain, in Seville, near the mouth 
of tile Guadalquivir. 

Chippenham, t. Eng. in Wiltshire, on the Avon, 
13 m. E. N. £. Bath. Lon. r 8' E. Lat 5V 27' N. 
Pop. 3,410. 

Uhippeway, or Chepewyan Fori. See Chippe- 

Chipptwayy v. Lincoln co. Up. Canada, on Ni- 
agara river, 10 m. above Queenston, 2 above Ni- 
aigara falls. Chippeway creek runs into the Ni- 
urara at this place. The battle of Chippeway, 
July 5, 1814, was fought in the plain, on the south 
side of this creek. 

Chippewasff t Beaver co. Pa. Pop. 443. 

Chippeway^ r. N. W. Territory, runs into the 
Mississipi at Lake Pepin, in lon. 93° 54' W. Ut 
43° 45' N. There is a short portage between this 
river and the Montreal, a water of Lake Superior. 

Chippeway^ t Wayne co. Ohio, 12 m. N. E. 
Wooster. Pop. 681. 

Chippeway9y or Sauieurt^ Indians, one of the 
most numerous and powerful tribes in N. Ameri- 
ca. About 5,700 of them dwell on Saganaw bay, 
in Michigan Territory ; the remainder are scat- 
tered in petty bands along the Northern border of 
the United States. They maintain a perpetual 
war with the Sioux. 

Chippeu^fif Fort^ N. America, at the S. W. 
end of .Athapescow lake. Lon. 111° W. Lat 58° 
40' N. 

CA^ing-A'orfon, t Eng. in Oxford, 19i m. N. 

Chijtpmg'-OngaT, t Eng. in Essex, 21 m. N. E. 
London. 

Chipping Sodbwy, t. Eng. in Gloucestershire, 
11 m. N. £ Bristol. 

ChiquOoty a numerous and warlike nation of 
Indians, in S. America. The territory which they 



CHI 

inhabitextends from lat 1^ to 20^8. Itisboou!- 
ed on the W. by the province of Santa Crox de 
la Sierra, and on the east it extends to the Pin- 

Chirac, t France, in Loaere, 3 m. S. W. Ms^T^ 
Jols. Pop. 1,580. 

Chirambira, point on the W. coast of S. Ameh^ 
ca, in lat 4° 15' N. 

ChiroMgOf r. Naples, runs into the Adriatic Lo&. 
14° 4*^ Lat4r42'N. 

Chiriquit a district of Veragua, on Chiriqsi 
river, which falls into the Pacific, in lat S* 10^ K. 

ChiMtnCy or Cttme, (an. Cyr/uf,) s-p. Anatolja, ia 
A. Turkey, separated by a narrow strait from the 
island of Scio. 40 m. N. Smyrna. Lon. 26* 17' t 
Lat 38° 24' N. 

ChiMoiny t France, 6m. N. N. W.Ofchies. 

Chitwdl lUetf offthe N. W. coast of Americi,iB 
lat 69° 31' N. lon.211°iaE. 

Chitwieky v. Eng. in Middlesex, on the Thamo. 
5 m. W. London. 

Chilorey district, Hind, in AJmere, bounded N. 
by Mewar, E. by Harrowly, S. by Jalora, sad W. 
by Sarowy, in about 25° N. lat and between 74* 
and 75** £. lon. 

Chitorty or ChetWy a celebrated fbrtreis of Kid* 
dostan, the capital of the above mentioiiod dii- 
trict This fort is on the top of a high mounUiBf 
and is considered a place of great strength. 

Chitporty a village, constituting the N. ptrt of 
Calcutta. 

Chitporty t Hind, in Gujerat, oelebrsted for it! 
manufacture of chintzes. It is on Sonoit^ rirer, 
in lat 23*45' N. lon. 73" 3' E. 

Chiiriesy s-p. on the S. coast of the Mores, iQ tbe 
gulfofCoron. 

Chitro, (an. Psfdnoy) t. Eu. Turkey, in Micedc 
nia, 36 m. S. E. Edessa. . 

Chittagongy an extensive district in the S. E. ji 
Bengal, between 21* and 25' N. lat bonnded L 
by a range ef mountains which divides it from the 
Birman empire, and W. by the sea. Itsprodw- 
tions are rice, salt, timber, ivory, indigfo, cotton. 
hemp, pepper, coffee, spices, and wild elephant!. 
The coast is much resorted to by the European in- 
habitants of Bengal, on account of the sea air tai 
bathing. Its chief town is also called ChittsW 
but more frequentiy hlamabady which we. Chit- 
tagong being a frontier province, has fnq^^f 
changed masters ; but in 1780, it wasformallf «" 
ded to the British, who have here a military lorw-. 
and a civil esUblishment Pop. 1,200/»0; bw 
of whom are Mahometans, and half Hindoos. 

Chiitapeiy t India, 75 m. a W. Madras. Lob. 
79"26'E. Latl2«25*N. . . ,^ 

Chiltendeny co. Vt. on Lake Champlsin, iwer- 
sected by Onion river. Pop. 16,055 ; engig*^ 
agriculture 2,607, .in commeroe 81, in m"'*"'* 
tures 668. Chief town, Burlington. , 

CAt«e»«ien,t Rutland ca Vt 30 m.N.W.^u« 

sor. Pop. 528. „ ^ 

Chiitenhamy t Montgomery co. P». \%^'Zuy. 

ChUimingo ereeky issues from a lake m U«n 
via, and falls into Oneida lake. . ., 

ChiUMroogy a celebrated fort, Hind, m W!* 
sore. Lon. 76" 29' E. Lat 14' lO^ N. 

ChiHoTy t and fortress, Hind. 80 m-E- M«f^ 
Itwas ceded to the British in 1801. Lon.75ri 
E. Latl3"12'N. „, .-^ P^tsa. 

ChUtra, t Hind. 100 m. S. by W. fi«» **"*• 
Lon.84'*58'£. Lat24'14'N. 



C HO 

Chihf^tBiuMbui. LmlW IV £. Uft. IQT 

23: S, 

CArm, t Spain, 15 m. W. N. W. Valeooia. 

C'hin^ a territory of Independent Turtary, W. 
of the Ozns, 28D m. £. of the Caspian. 

Ckiauto^ t Piedmont, on the Po, 11 m. N. E. 
Turin. P<^ SA50, 

ChiiuaM^t Naples, 14 m. S. S. E. BeneTento. 

Ckiun, t Ital7,40 ra. S. S. £. Florence. 

Chobar, »-p. of Mekran, in Persia. 130 ra. S.W. 
K«j. LoD.6ir S' E. LaL SS^'SO' N. 

C%«ca, a sroyince of New-Granadii borderin|^ 
no the Pacifie oeean, and bounded N. hy the prov- 
ioc«of Daricn. 

ChocfUf L Bengal, on the Ganges, 36 m. £. 
Moonhedabad. 

aocs<ale,r. N. W. Territory, runs into Lake 
Ssperior, 21 m. W. La Train river. 

Choe^,v. Peru, 30 m. N. Truxillo. 

Oodov, or Choelahaiehegj r. Florida, which 
risa in Alabama and diacharges its waters into St. 
RonioQiidat the N. E. extremity. 

Chodw Agtne^f Mississippi, 4 m. W. Pearl 
rirer, 190 N. E. Natches. Here ia a post-office. 

Choetatt, Indians, whose country lies chiefly 
irithin the chartered limits of Mississippi, but also 
extendi to Tombigbee riTcr in Alabama. The 
N. boaodary, whicn separates it from the country 
d'the Chiekasaws, is a line drawn from the Mis- 
usippi in lat 34*" N. dae S. E. to strike the Tom- 
rifbee at the mouth of Ooktibbeha creek ; on the 
L it 19 boonded by the Tombigbee, on the 3. by a 
hoe nmniDT a little below me parallel of 32^ N. 
At and 00 me W. the boundary line commences 
2t a pointa little east of Pearl riTcr and proceeds 
he N. to the Natchee road, thence to the head of 
Bhek creek down this creek till it reaches a*lake, 
tt»ice in a direct course so as to strike the Missis* 
t*ppi one mile below the mouth of Arkansas river, 
thence op the Mississippi to the parallel of 34** N. 
at The soil is fisrtile and is watered by the Ta* 
tNi, Big Black and Pearl rivers in the upper part 
cf their coarse. The number of the Choctaws is 
e^tioittad at SS^OOO. Within a lew years they 
bare msde great advances in eivHiation. Thev 
nhecora, cotton, and a great many cattle, and of- 
teQ appear dad in cotton garments of their own 
naaaiietare. 

IV American Board of Foreign Missions have 
1 niwoo among these Indians. It was commenoed 
m 1818 by memben of the Cherokee mission, and 
<]<«4 not yield to that mission either in the extent 
of it} field of operation or in the funds for its en- 
dowaent With a view to the instruction of the 
I°>^iao9 in tfie arts of civilized life, the Govern- 
aeot of the United States have extended to it their 
(atronage. The expenses of erecting a school- 
boQieand dwelling-house at the different establirii* 
BMots hare been defrayed from the National treas- 
0^1 and the sum of 1 1,000 annually is allowed to 
*^ Miision. The Choctaws, their Chiefs espe- 
''ially,have from the beginning professed towards 
< the most friendly dispositions, and haverecent- 
'T proved their sinoeritv, by the most unequivo- 

^i eTidenee. At a treaty held in 1816, they sokl 
« portion of their country to the United States, for 
^^ they are to receive i6/)00 annually, in cash, 
»r 17 years. The whole of this sum they have 
voted to appropriaie to the support of schools un- 
^ the direction of the American Board. 

in J». 182%, according to the returns of the Su- 
permtendant, the number of the mimion family 
^36, «nd there ware belonging totheamion 



C HO 



le 



136 aerei of land improved, 18 home, 7 yoke of 
oxen, 385 head neat cattle, 220 swine, several 
wagnms, ploughs, IIec. ; school houses, and othfr 
buildings were erected, and the number of pupUa 
in the schooU was 90. The two primary seals of 
the Mission are Elliot and Mayhew ; a sehoo? ia 
also established at Newell, and requests have bee^ 
made by the Indians for similar estaUishments In 
various other places. 

The Choctaws formerly owned the country lying 
between their present western boundary and the 
Mississippi, but in 1820 it was ceded by them to the 
United States in exchange for lands in Arkansae. 
The Choctaw lands in Arkansas comprise tha 
whole country between the Arkansas and Red 
rivers, bounded W. by Canadian river and E. by 
a meridian drawn through the loweit settlement 
on Arkansas river belongmg to the Cherokees. 

Choeiatc JVading-howey p-v. Alabama. 

Choenth t. and fortress of Russia, in PodoUa, otf 
the Dniester. It was included formerly in the 
Turkish province of Moldavia, but was ceded t» 
the Russians in 1812. 110 m. N.N. W. Jassy. 
Lon. 26" 3&' £. Lat 48^31' N. 

CAedsesen, t Ruaia, in Posen, on the Netio.' 
Pop. 2393. 

Chagdahj t. Bengal, 40 m. N. CalcutU. 

Ch&igeul, t France, 12 m. N. E. Langresu 

Chouy, t. France, 12 m. N. Provins. 

Choiiyte Roit t France, on the Seine, 5 m« 8. 
Paris. Pop. 1,200. 

CAelo, isl. off the E. coast of Africa, a of Mon* 
fU, about 8° & lat. 

Chaiet, or CholUi, t. France, on the MayennOt 
1 1 m. S. Beaupreau. Lon. 0^ 54' 45" W. Lat 47" 
5'N. 

CAoAiMgOfy, t. Russia, on an island in the Dwi- 
na, noted for its breed of black cattle, 30 m. S. 
Archangel. 

CholmondeUft Sounds on the E. coast of Prince 
of Wales' archipelago, in Clarence^ strait Lon. 
of the entrance, 22Cr IT E. Lat 55'* 15' N. 

ChohdOf city, New Spain, in the intendancy of 
Puebla. Before the invasion of the Spaniards, 
when the Mexican government w^ in its glory, it 
contained 40fiOO houses, and numerous temples. 
The great temple, erected on an artificial moun- 
tain, still remains. 80 m. E. Mexico. Pop. 16/XX). 
Lon. »8» r 45" W. Lat 19- 2' 6" N. 

Chomonehouan, lake, Canada, 219 m. N. W. 
Quebec Lon. 76' 40' W. Lat 39*20' N. 

Chonat. See Sehonac. 

Chonady t. Hungary, on the Marosch, 25 m. N. 
Temesvar. 

ChoMty r. New Granada, falls into the Peciftc, 
in lat 0" 33^ S. 

CAongofi, t New Granada, 40 m. W. Guaya* 
quit • 

CAofiof, isl. in the S. Pacific, near the coast ot 
Chili ; about it are a number of small islands, 
called the Chonos archipehi^. Lat. 44*" to 47** S. 

ChowkuJly t Hind, in AUahabad. Lon. 8^ 4flr 
E. Lat24''29'N. 

CAoper, r. Russia, which falls into the Don, near 
Choperskaia. 

Choptanky a larre navigable river on the east- 
em shore of Maryland, emptying into the Chesa- 
peake. 

Chopygmutiy r. Missouri Territory, a branch of 
the Kooskooshee, in the Rocky mountains. Lon. 
liyW. Lat46'ayN. 

CAepersfc, t Russia^ 140m. W. Saratov. 

CooriMM* See AerasiMi* 



laa 



C H R 



CAoi^£fftre« s-p. Penia, oo the Peniui golf, 44 
m. S, Bcuhire. 

ChorUjf^ L Eng. in Lancashire. The cotton 
mAnniactare is here carried on in iti Tarioui 
brtpohes. Coal, lead, alum, flag and mill stones 
abound in the vicinity. Pop. 5,182. 208 m. N. 
WtLondon. 

Vhorombaroif r. fiaenos Ayres, nins into the 
Bio Duloe, 20 m. S. W. Tucuman. 

ChoUh p-v. Bloontco. Geo. 33 m. fr. Milledge- 
Tille. 

Cfunuru See Corgo, 

Chmig, See Shogglt. 

Choidt Lowery »-p. and fort, Hind, in Aunanga- 
bid. Lon.72»46'£.Lat.ir36'N. 

Cheuii L^iper,8*p. and fort. Hind, in Auronga- 
bad, 35 m. S. Bombay. 

Chmmay^ Capt^ on the coast of Cochin-China, 
at the mouth of Choumay river. Lon. 107** bl' YL 
Latl6»l2'N. 

Chnutj t France, on the Loire, 10 m. £. Sau- 
mur. 

Chowan, r. N.C. is formed by the onion of the 
Nottaway, Meherrin, and Blackwater rivers, and 
falls into the N. W. comer of Albemarle sound. It 
is 3 miles wide at its mouth. 

Chowan, co. in Eidenton district, N. C. on the 
N. side of Albemarle sound. Pop. 6,464 ; slaves 
3,469 ; engaged in agriculture 2,151, in commerce 
55, in manufactures 216. Chi^ town, Eden- 
ton. 

Chowarah, t. Hind. inOnde. Lon. 83* 13' E. 
Lat.26*30'N. 

Chowpareh,^ Hind, in Lahore, on the Indus. 
Lon. 7#50' E. Lat 32° 10' N. 

Chowry. See J>tieobar ItlandM. 

ChriUburg, i. Prussia, 12 m. S. E. Marienburg. 

Chritlehureh, t Eng. in Hampshire, between 
the Avon and the Stour, 100 m. W. S. W. Lon- 
don. 

Chrisldiurek, a parish, in Charleston district, 
S.C. 

Christian, co. in the S. W. part of Ken. on 
Cumberland river. Pop. 10^459 ; slaves 3,491; 
engaged in agriculture 2,625, in commerce 23, 
in manufactures 228. Chief town, Hopkins- 
ville. 

ChntUany t Lawrence co. Arkansas. Pop. 
1,222. 

Chrittian Sound, a large arm of the Pacific 
ocean, N. of Cape Decision. Lon. 325'* 50^ E. 
Lat6ri3'N. 

Christiana, or Chrtttiana-bridge, p-t Newcas- 
tle co. Del. on Christiana creek, 12 m. fr. Elkton, 
9 8. W.Wilmington, 37 S.W. Philadelphia. It 
is the greatest carrjring-place between the naviga- 
ble waters of the Delaware and Chesapeake, and 
drives a brisk trade with Philadelphia, in flour. 

Christiana ertek, Del. unites with the Brandy- 
wine below Wilmington, and flows into the Dela- 
ware. It admits vessels of 14 feet draught to Wil- 
mington, and those of 6 feet draught to Christiana- 
bridee. 

Christiana, hundred, Newcastle co. DeL Pop. 
8,355. 

ChrisHanOy Oreai, isl. in the Grecian archipe- 
lago, 9 m. S. W. Santorini. Lon. 25*' 15' E. Lat 
36'20'N. 

C%ni/tania, s-p. Norway, at the bottom of a 
gulf, which penetrates 50 miles into the interior 
of the country. It is the seat of the governor ol" 
the province of Afijperhuos, of a supreme court d[ 
juitiee, and of a bishop who ii metropolitan of 



C H U 

Norway. Here are a military hospital, encid 
in 1806, an university, a military scbooU s&d tv« 
theatres. This town has an excellent harbor, a^ 
carries on a considerable trade. A great aonud 
fair is held here on 13th January. 250 m. W. 
Stockholm. Lon. 10* 48^ 45" £. Lat 59° 55' 21/ 
N. Pop. 9,000. 

Christiasunle, s-p. Sweden, on a penioroli^ 36 
m. S. W. Catnar. Lon. 16° E. Lat se^ 13' N. 

Christiansand, one of the 4 provinces of Nor. 
way, in the S. W. part Sq. miles 14,877. Poa, 
140,000. 

ChrisHansandj the capital of the above, is as 
the S. coast, and was formerly one of theatatiooa 
of the Danish navy. The island of Flekkeroea 
forms, with the mainland, a road several miles is 
lengtii, where there is good anchorsse. 220 oi. 
N.W.Copenhagen. Lon. 8" 3^ E. Lat 58° ff N. 
Pop. 5,000. 

Christiansborg, a Danish fort, on the GoUcout 
of Africa. 

ChristianUnarg, L and cap. Montgomery co. Vt. 
200 in. W. S. W: Richmond. 

CArif^nf-Oe, a Danish island, in the Baltic 
Lon. 14" 47 E. Lat. 56** 13' N. 

Christianstad, province of Sweden, cofflpriaiu; 
the northern and eastern parts of Shooen. Sq. 
miles 2,310. Pop. 116,681. 

Christianstad, t Sweden, 57 m. W. by & Carls- 
crona. Lon. 14* 9' E. Lat 56* I'N. Pop. 2^ 

Christianstadt^ t Prussia, on the Bober, 54 m. 
N. E. Dresden. 

Christiansted, t Santa Cruz, on the N. side of 
the island, defended by a fortress. Loo. $3"^ 
W. Lat 17* 46' N. 

Christiantundj a-p. Norway, in Drontheim. 
Lat 63" 6' 35' N. . 

Christianviile, p- v. Mecklenburg co. Vs. 

Christinaham, t Sweden, at the N. E. extrem- 
ity of lake Wener, 16 m. £. CarlsUdt Pop- 
2,020. 

Christinattadi, s-p. Rasaia, in Finland. Lob. 
21* 9' E. Lat 62" 16' N. 

Christmas Harbor^ a good and safe bay, oq the 
N. coast of Ketguelen's land. 

Chritinuu Island^ in the Pacific, 15 or 20 leagues 
in circumference. Lon. 215** 53' E LaL a^ 
57' N. 

Christmas Sound, a bay, on the S. oosit of Ter- 
ra del Fuego. Lon. 70" 16' W. Lat 65'27' ?. 

Chroma, r. Siberia, falls 4nto the Northers 
ocean. Lon. 139° 14' E. Lat. 73" N. 
. Chrudim, a circle of Bohemia. Po^ 345,000. 
Chrudim the capital, is on the Chrudimka, 60 id. 
E. Plague. Lon. 15*40' E. Lat 49" 53' N. M- 
4,514. 

Chrudimka, r. Bohemia, which fella into th^ 
Elbe near Konigingratx. 

Chut^a, r. Chil^ which runs into the Pacific 
ocean, in S. lat 31" 40'. 

ChucuUo, a province of Buenos Ayres, 75 mil^' 
long, and about 50 broad, on the shores of the 
great lake Chucuito, or Titicaca. Chucoita, the 
capital, is in lat 16" 30' S. lon. 70" StX W. 

Chucuito, or Titieaea, a lake of S. America, be- 
tween the two Cordilleras of the Andes, in tbei>. 
W. part of Buenos Ayrcs. It is 240 miles u cir- 
cumference. There are several islands in the 
lake, in the largest of which the Incaa formerly 
had a magnificent temple dedicated to the sun-9- 

lat from 16' 35' to 17" 30'. 
C*i«Bc^rA, t. Eng. 9 m. W. 8. W. Eieter. 

CMonAmtaf, t Pera, 90 m. W. Coico. 



CIN 

Ckumkif^^ t 'En§, in Deyoiuhire^ on the Dtrt, 
194 m. W. London. 

Chunar^ district. Hind, in Allahabad, between 
^S^'and 26« N. lat bounded N. bv the Gan^. 

ChuHorgur^ t and celebrated fortreaB, Hind, in 
AUahabttd, on the Ganges, in lat 25"* 9' N. Ion. 
82^ 54^ £. The fort is built on the top of a solid 
rockf which projects into the river. It was ceded 
to the Britiah in 1763. The town of Chunar is 
ea^ of the fort, and within reach of its guns. Near 
the town are quarries of excellent fr^ stone for 
building. It is a station of the invalids of the 
British nrmy, and the Church Missionary Socie- 
ty have sehook and missionaries here. 

Ckunquen^ isL near the coast of Chili. Lat.44* 

Chvpparah^ U Hind, in Allahabad, on Bein 
Gunga river. Lon. 80» 2' E. Lat 22» 22' N. 

Chuprah^ t. Hind, in Bahar, on the N. bank of 
the Ganges. Lon. 84* 46' £. Lat 25" 46* N. 

Ckuqfdbamba, t. Peru, cap. of Condesuyos de 
Arequipa, 4 leagues from Cumana. 
Chugtdmea. See Plata, (La.) 
Chmh, Stales of the. See States if the Ckareh. 
Church eretk^ t Dorchester co. Md. at the head 
•fChoFch creek, a branch of Hudson river, 7 m. 
5. W. Cambridge. 

Church Hiiin p-v. Queen Anne's co. Md. 8 m. 
N. E. Centreville. 
CAureA Httf, p-v. Spartanburg co. S.C. 
Churehiii, Cape, in Hudson's bay. Lon. 95^*5' 
W. Lat. 58* 54' N. 

CAifTcAttf Rirer, Miuinnippi, or EngHsh river, 
r. N. America, which falls into Hudson's bay, in 
laL 5Sr N. at Churchill fort 
CAurcA Streiton, t. £ng. 13 m. S. Shrewsbury. 
Church town, p-t Lai^aster co. Pa. 20 m. E. N. 
E. Lancaster, 50 W. ff, W. Philadelphia. 
CAureo, »-p. Caramania, 20 m. E. Selefke. 
CAvnmi^dSen, v. Switzerland, 5 m. S. E. Caire. 
Chiisittanj proviuce, Persia, bounded N. by 
Irak Acemi, £. by Farsistan, S. by the gulf of Per- 
sia, and W. by the Tigris. 

CAwfoA Boggah^ t Bengal, 20 m. N. W. Bet- 
tiah. Lan.8?26'E.Lat2e<*53'N. 

Ckuitergunge^ t Bengal, 32 m. S. S. W.Burd- 
wan. Lon.8r38'E.Lat22»48'N. 

Chuwaij district, Hind, in Gujerat, between 
23^ and 24*" N. lat Janagnr is the chief town. 

Cieacoley circar. Hind, on the W. side of the 
bay of Bengal, between 17" and 20° N. Lat and ex- 
tending about 60 miles inland. It belongs to the 
British. Cicacole, the capital, is in lon. 83* ST 
E.Latl8'21'N. 

Cieatica, a province of Buenos Ayres, bounded 
£. by Cochabamba, 8. E. by Paria and Oruro, S. 
W. by Pacages, and N. W. by Omasuyos. Pop. 
&i).00O. The capital is of the same name. 

Cicero, t Onondaga co. N. Y. on Oneida Lake, 
8 m. N. Salina, 57 W. Utica. Pop. 1,303. 
CischarufUf, t Poland, 75 m. N. E. Warsaw. 
CtecAoftotrtee, t Poland, 75 m. N. E. War- 
nw. 
Cifumtet, t Spam, 22 m. S. Signenza. 
CUley, t Austrian empire, cap. of the circle of 
Cmev, 130 m. S. & W. Vienna. Lon. 15* 24' 45'' 
E.Lit46'40'N. Pop. 2,100. 

Cimhritham, »-p. Sweden, 24 m. S. Christian- 
stadt 

Chnonef mt of the Appenines. Height 7000 
fleet 

CimUoOy formerly a prov. of Mexico, but now 
forming the S. part of the Intendancy of Sononu 



C I R 



183 



Cimi&Mr, t. Mexico, on Cinaloa river, which 
falls into the gulf of California. Lat25<>60^N. 

Cineinnati, p-tand cap. Hamilton co. Ohio, 
near the S. W. comer of the State, on the N. bank 
of Ohio river, 20 m. above the mouth of the Great 
Miami, 93 W. by S. Chillicothe, 175 N. E. Louis- 
vUle, 102 N. N, E. Frankfort, 465 below Pitts- 
burg by water. Lon. 84* 27' W. Lat. 39» 6' N. 
It is r^larly laid out, in a pleasant and healthy 
situation, and is one of the most flourishing towns 
west of the Alleghany mountains. The growth 
of Cincinnati has been rapid, almost without a 
parallel. In 1805, the population was 500 ; in 
1810, 2,540; in 1815, it was estimated at 6^; 
and in 1820, it was 9,642. In 1821 , it contained a 
court-house, 2 brick market-houses, 4 printiog- 
ofiices, a steam flour-mill built of stone, 9 stories 
high ; a steam saw-mill, 1 woollen and 4 cotton 
factories, 2 glass-houses, a brewery, and several 
other manutaoturing establishments ; 4 banks, a 
Collie edifice and 6 houses of public Tvornhip, S 
for presbyterians, 2 for metbodists, 1 for episcopa- 
lians, and 1 for friends. The funds of the Li'.ncas- 
terian school have lately been incirased by a sub- 
scription of|30/)00 and it is intended to erect it 
into a college. Amon^ the literary and scientific in- 
stitutions are the Cmcinnati College, the Medi- 
cal College, and the Western Museum Society 
whose object is to collect the natural and artificiad 
curiosities of the Western country. Cincinnati 
is the most flourishing commercial town between 
Pittiburg and New-Orleans. About 130,000 bar- 
rels of flour were inspected here during the year 
ending April Ist. 1819, and more than ISOgOOO 
bushels of salt imported. A company has been re^ 
cently formed for the purpose of importing goods 
directly from Europe, by the way of New Orleans. 

Ctnrtnna/v«, p-t. Cortland co. N. Y. 14 m. S. £. 
Homer, 140 W. Albany. Pop. 885. 

Cineji, t. Sicily, 20 m. W. Palermo. 

Ctngo/t, t lUly, 22 m. S. W. Ancona. 

Cinque Ports, sea-ports of England, on the 
coasts of Kent and Sussex : viz. Dover, Sandwich, 
Hithe, Romney, Hastings, Rye, Winchelsea, and 
Seaford. Their number was originally five ; the 
three last having been added sul»equently to the 
first institution. They were bound, in considera- 
tion of certain privileges, to furnish a number of 
vessels, equipped and manned, to be at the dispo- 
sal of the sovereign in any emergency. 

CintegabtlU, t France, 17m. S.Toulouse, 

Cinthiana^ p-t and cap. Harrison co. Ken. on a 
branch of the Licking river, 13 m. N. Paris, 24 N. 
Lexington. Pop. in 1 810, 369. It contains a bank, 
academy, court-house and jail. 

Cintra, or Sintra,Y. Portugal, in Estremadura. 
It is chosen by the nobility and English residents 
in Lisbon for a summer retreat 15 m. N. W. 
Lisbon. Pop. 1,900. 

Cintruenigo, t Spain, 9 m. N. W. Cascante. 

Ciotat, La, s-p. France, on the Mediterranean. 
It has a good harbour. The neighbourhood is fam- 
ed for excellent muscadel wine, which forms, with 
oil and fruit, the chief object of exportation. 12 
m. S. E. Marseilles, 1 6 W . Toulon. Pop. 6,1 1 7. 

Circars, Northern, an extensive province of 
Hindostan, 60 miles broad, on the W. side of the 
bay of Bengal, between 15* and 20^ N. lat. boun- 
ded S. E. by the sea, N. by Cuttack, and S. by the 
Camatic. It was divided into five districts, or cir- 
cars, viz. Guntoor, Condapilly, Ellore, Rajamun- 
dry, and Cicacole. The country is very fertile, 
and produces all kinds of grain, tobacco, sugar, 



184 



C IT 



and cotton. The manoliicturet are salt, miisliiif« 
chintzety cfUiooes, and other goods. Pop, ZJSOOfiOQt 
the greater part of whom are Hindoos. This 
country was ceded to the British in 1765, who 
have divided it into five districts or oollectonhips, 
pver each of which presides a European collector, 
Jiidm,&c. 

Citeauia^ a country of Asia, occupying a great 
part of the territory between the Black and the 
Caspian seas. It is on the N. declivity of the Cau- 
casian mountains, and bounded N. by the rivers 
Terak and Cuban. The limits of this country are 
Tery ill defined. The territory so designated, is 
■otually filled with a multitude of small, indepen* 
dent, and hostile tribes. They acknowledge a 
species of vassalage to Russia, but they neither 
pay tribute nor perform military service; and 
even indulge in regular plundering excursions in- 
to the Russian territories. The men are tall, and 
of an athletic, though slender form ; their fea- 
tures are expressive, their air haughty and mar- 
tiaL The beauty of the females has been long cel- 
ebrated throughout Europe ; and Circassian cap- 
tives are considered as the brightest ornaments of 
an eastern seraglio. 

Cireeiioy or Monie CirttttOf a promontory, Italy, 
in the Campagna di Roma, 28 m. W. Gaeta, 60 
8. E. Rome. 

CirtleviUej p-t and cap. Pickaway co. Ohio, on 
the E. side of the Scioto, 26 m. S. Columbus, 19 
N. ChUlicothe. Lon. Sr W. Lat 39" 36^ N. It 
is situated on two contiguous mounds of earth, 
one circular, the other square ; the areas of which, 
together, contain nearly 20 acres. These mounds 
are artificial works, whose origin is unknown. 
The town is built principally on the circular 
mound, and hence derives its name. In the cen- 
tre of the circle is an elegant brick court-house of 
an octagonal fonn. Pop. 535. Lon. 82" 65' W. Lat. 
39'38'N. 

CireeUo^ t. Naples, in Calabria Citra, 8 m. S. S. 
£. Scalea. Lon. 15" 56" E. Lat 39" 48' N. 

Cireneesier^ or Cieeler, t and borough, Eng. in 
Gloucesterriiire, on the Chum, 89 m. N. W. Lon- 
don, 17 S. E. Gloucester. Lon. 2" W. Lat 61" 44' 
N. Pop. 4,540. 

Ctrie, t. Piedmont, on the Doria, 8 m. N. N. W. 
Turin. Pop. 3,470. 

Citnume^ t Venetian territory, at the junction of 
the Cismone and Brenta, 24 m. N. W. Trevigio. 
Pop. 130O. 

CiiadeUa, t Venetian territory, 19 m. N. N. W. 
Padua. Pop.6/X)0. 

CiUauxy or Citieaux, t France, 3 m. £. NniU. 

CitUuUUa. See CiudadeUa, 

Ciila DutaU, t Naples, 18 m. W. Aquila. 

CiUa AVvni, or Auooa, t Ecclesiastical State, 6 
n. S. Loretto. 

CiUa JViioea, maritime t Istria, 60 m. E. Ven- 
ice. Lon. 13" 20^ E. Ut 45" 35' N. Pop. 832. 

Citta deila Pievty t. SUtes of the Church, 69 m. 
N.Rome. Pop. 2,400. 

CmaFeeeMa, SecMoAo. 

CtMa ViUwimay or Borgo di St. Angela^ a forti- 
fied t Malta, on a narrow neck of land, with a 
•trong citadel! It is sometimes considered as a 
suburb of La Valetta. 

Ciiy-pwUy p-t. and port of entry, in Bermuda 
bundled, Prince George oo. Va. on James river, 
SO m. below Richmond, 12 E. Petersburg, 100 
above Hampton roh.^. t.bn. 77" 31' 30^ W. Lat 
ST* Ifi' N. Vessels of burden lie at this place to 



c L A 

load, and receive the goods from Richmood is 
boats. I 

CwUdla, t. and dutchy, Naples, 34 m. N. by W. 
Aquila. 

CtMla deUon or /amnii, t Minoroa, on the N*. 
W. coast, about 30 m. fr. Port Mahoo. Pop. 
2,400. 

Ciudady or CiMid RodrigOy t Spain, m Uon. 
on the Agneda. It is a barrier fort on the ode of 
Portugal. On 10th of July, 1810, it Burreodemi 
to the French, and continued in their possenioB 
till 19th January, 1812, when it was taken hj 
storm by the British under lord Wellin^oo^ after 
a siege of 1 1 days. 30 m. £. by N. Coimbrt, 45 
S. S. W. Salamanca, 110 W. Madrid. Lcm.r33 
W. Lat 40" 52' N. Pop. U/XK). 

CiudadlUaL See Chufpa. 

Ciudad Realy t. Spain, m. New Castile, cap. d 
La Mancha ; long noted for its manu&ctore of 
glove leather. 67 m. S. Toledo. Lon.4'3'W. U 
39" N. Pop. 9,000. 

Cividad dd FrnUiy (an. Forum Jukim,) t Ve. 
netian territory, on the Natisone, 10 m. N. t 
Udine. Pop. 4^000. 

CwUa BoreUoy t Naples, 50 m. N. Capoa. 

CwUa CaaieUmOj t States of the Church, 34 m. 
N. Rome. 

CivUaDwaie, or Aeole, t Naples, 13m.N. W. 
Aquila. Pop. 8,747. 

Cinia Lanmoy t Ecclesiastical Statea, 4 D.(r. 
Veletri. 

CitfUa Lttpatdia, t Naples, 2 m. N. Cirita Be- 
rello. 

CivUa Mandania^ »-p. Naples, 15 m. N. N. K. 
Bisignano. Lon. 16" 30^ £. Lat 39" 52' iN. 

Civiia Veeehia, s-p. Italy, States of the Chairh, 
and next to Ancona m commercial importmce ; 3a 
m. N. E. Castro, 38 N. W. Rome. Lon. If 44 
45' E. Lat42"6'24"N. Pop.l2g00a 

Cirniy, t France, in Vienne, 25 m. S. Poitiea 
Pop. M84. . _, 

Ctodbamttf, r. Or^on territory, joim thi Wal- 
laumut 

Clackmannan^ co. Scotland, bounded 8.E.5 
Fife, S. and S. W. by the river Forth, iN a»I t. 
by the county of Perth. It conUins 48 sqaat* 
miles. Pop. in 181 1, 12,010. FsmiUes i,78l, cj 
which number 280 are engaged in agriculture, a«i 
893 in trade and manufactures. 

Clackmannan, t. Scotland, in Clackm