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BIOLOGISTS HANDBOO 
OF PRONUNCIATIONS 



JMwaw iii»i> » i n 



««wai 




C Jaeger, Die 



DIACRITICAL MARKS 



a 


as in ask 


I as in line 


a 


as in sofa 


6 as in bone 


a, 


as in bay 


6 shortened long o 


a 


as in far 


6 as in bore 


a 


as in father 


oo as in hoof 


a 


shortened long a 


06 as in brook 


e 


as in be 


u as in blue 


e 


shortened long e 


u shortened long u 


A 

e 


as in her 


u as in urge 




' Principal 


accent 





r "*' t 



H R A ■ 



/ %% >** » » t mm f ' . fg ft rC^- -* 




3 n 



































5! 






r* 




CD 1 

si 


















m *^ m 









nj 
i-n 

_D 

□ 

D 

o 

hr 
a 
m 

o 

D 



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THE BIOLOGIST'S HANDBOOK 
OF PRONUNCIATIONS 



By the same author 

A SOURCE-BOOK OF MEDICAL TERMS 
Charles C Thomas, Publisher, Springfield, Illinois 

A SOURCE-BOOK OF BIOLOGICAL NAMES AND 
TERMS 

Charles C Thomas, Publisher, Springfield, Illinois 



THE 



6{V 

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BIOLOGIST'S HANDBOOK 
OF PRONUNCIATIONS 



By 

EDMUND C. JAEGER, D.Sc. 

Curator of Plants 
Riverside {California) Municipal Museum 

Illustrationstfyf' WOODS HOLE, MA *-£ 
Morris Van Dame ancf/T-Ee Autrjorl BRARY 



$m 



U.S. DEPT. OF COMMERCE 
NMFS-NEFC 



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CHARLES C THOMAS • PUBLISHER 
Springfield • Illinois • U.S. A 



~ ' 1 



CHARLES C THOMAS • PUBLISHER 

Bannerstone House 

301-327 East Lawrence Avenue, Springfield, Illinois, U.S.A. 

Published simultaneously in the 
British Commonwealth of Nations by 

BLACKWELL SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS, LTD., 
OXFORD, ENGLAND 

Published simultaneously in Canada by 

THE RYERSON PRESS, TORONTO 



This book is protected by copyright. Xo 
part of it may be reproduced in any manner 
without written permission from the publisher. 



© I960, by CHARLES C THOMAS • PUBLISHER 
Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 59-14924 



With THOMAS BOOKS careful attention is given to all de- 
tails of manufacturing and design. It is the Publisher's desire 
to present books that are satisfactory as to their physical 
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Printed in the United Stales of A merica 



PREFACE 

It is a complaint all too common among those 
who are beginning the study of the biological 
sciences that they can make little satisfactory 
progress in the pronunciation of the numerous 
scientific names and terms they must use. Their 
path is made thorny by the fact that advanced 
students and even many teachers of scientific 
studies, to whom they look for guidance, mispro- 
nounce, often atrociously, many of the terms. Per- 
haps all, both students and teachers, would gladly 
improve their pronunciation if they could find 
ready at hand some small but adequate book of 
reference. 

In response to the demand of these multitudes, 
I have prepared, with some misgivings and hesita- 
tion, this handy pronouncing guide. It includes 
not only a host of the most commonly used and 
often mispronounced technical terms, but also 
the better known generic names of plants and 
animals and numerous Latin adjectives and ad- 
jectival compounds used as specific or trivial 
names. As a special aid to learning, with each 
specific name is given its original Greek or Latin 
meaning or English equivalent. 

Acceptable pronunciation of each word is indi- 
cated, by its division into parts (not necessarily 
syllables) by means of hyphens, by accent, and by 
diacritical marks. The preferred pronunciation is, 



vi PREFACE 

in each case, indicated first; the less used but ac- 
ceptable alternatives are placed afterwards. 

It should ever be remembered that while there 
are formal rules of pronunciation they have not 
always been observed. Long usage has in certain 
cases established other ways of sounding some let- 
ters, especially vowels, and of placing accents. It 
is also well to keep in mind that words, especially 
derived ones, may be pronounced differently by 
phonetic experts and by reputable biologists resid- 
ing in different countries. The individual prefer- 
ences are indeed many. 

The scientific names of both plants and animals 
are generally cast in Latin form even though they 
may be compounded from Greek or other stems. 
It has been agreed that they should, for the most 
part, be pronounced in conformity to Latin rules 
and practice. Accordingly I have given in the in- 
troduction the more important rules governing the 
syllabification and accentuation of Latin words. 
A table showing the needed diacritical marks and 
the sounds of the letters which they govern has 
been located for ready reference inside both the 
front and back covers of the book. To add interest 
and to help the student in learning, a number of 
illustrations have been placed throughout the text. 
These call attention to often mispronounced words. 

Those who use this Guide are urged to read 
carefully the Introduction and to make an earnest 
effort to master the brief but highly important 
material found there. They may then proceed to 



PREFACE 



vn 



pronounce intelligently and with ease and accu- 
racy, the names and terms they use. 

Gardeners and horticulturists, specialists in ani- 
mal husbandry, foresters, naturalists, and stu- 
dents of the biological sciences will often need to 
consult the Guide. Teachers, especially, will wel- 
come this aid as they prepare to give their lectures 
or conduct recitations. All will find it to be a most 
profitable and interesting spare-time pleasure 
(although at times embarrassing) to run through 
the lists of familiar generic and specific names as 
well as oft-used technical terms and underline the 
great number of mispronunciations they have been 
habitually making. 

In preparing the long list of words (there are 
more than 9000), a guide to whose pronunciation 
is indicated, the author tried particularly to in- 
clude only those most likely to cause difficulty. 
Thus many commonly used terms and generic 
names of obvious sound and accentuation have 
been omitted. This has made it possible to keep the 
book down to a size easy to handle, and to render 
it valuable as a constant desk or brief-case com- 
panion. 

The author realizes that although he has spared 
no effort to here present a thoroughly reliable 
work, there still must be errors which have slipped 
in. Constructive criticisms and corrections are ac- 
cordingly invited for the purpose of helping to at- 
tain to a more uniform and correct standard of 
pronunciation in future editions of the Handbook. 



Vlll 



PREFACE 



I have been fortunate in securing the advice and 
generous assistance of many able students of the 
principles of phonetics, and to them I am deeply 
indebted. A list of the more important and helpful 
books consulted is appended. 

Edmund C. Jaeger 

Riverside, California 



INTRODUCTION 

Unfortunate as it is, the "English method" 
of pronouncing Latin is used, both in this country 
and in England, by most biologists, in the pro- 
nunciation of biological names cast in Latin form. 
According to this system the vowels are given their 
customary English sounds as are the consonants, 
except that ch is pronounced as k; c, g, and gg are 
usually soft before e, i, y, and the diphthongs ae 
and oe. The usual Latin rules of accentuation are 
observed. 

The use of the "English method" of pronuncia- 
tion goes back to the period when this method was 
used in the English Law Courts. Later it was 
widely taught in English and American schools. 
More recently it has been superseded by the "Con- 
tinental method," which is now used exclusively 
in the secondary schools and colleges of the LInited 
States and many parts of Europe. 

Since there are those who may prefer to pro- 
nounce words in accordance with the Continental 
or Roman method the following explanation of 
diacritical marks and sounds of consonants and 
diphthongs will be useful: 







Loni 


y Vowels 


a 


like 


a 


in 


ah 


e 


a 


e 


« 


they 


I 


a 


i 


a 


machine 





a 


o 


a 


mole 


u 


u 


u 


u 


mule 



IX 



INTRODUCTION 







Short Vowels 




a like 


a in 


idea 




e 


a 


e " 


let 




i 


u 


i " 


pin 




o 


a 


o " 


obey 




n 


a 


Ll " 


full 








Consonants 




c 


like c 


in come 




ch 


a 


ch 


" chemistry 


g 


a 


g 


" give 




r 


u 


r 


" room 




s 


a 


s 


" son 




t 


u 


t 


" time 




V 


a 


w 


" we 




qu 


a 


qu 


" quite 








Diphthongs 




ae 


nearly 


like ai in 


aisle 


oe 






" oi " 


coin 


au 






" ou " 


spout 


eu 






" eu " 


feud 


ei 






a ei a 


veil 


vi 






« we " 


cui (kw r e) 



CONCERNING THE SYLLABIFICATION 

AND ACCENTUATION OF LATIN 

WORDS OR OF GREEK WORDS 

CAST IN LATIN FORM 

1 . A syllable consists of a vowel or diphthong* with or with- 
out one or more consonants. Accordingly, a word has as 



INTRODUCTION xi 

many syllables as it has separate vowels or diphthongs. 

2. In dividing a word into syllables, a single consonant is 
joined to the vowel which follows it. 

3. If two or more consonants occur between two vowels, as 
many are joined to the following vowel as can be pro- 
nounced with it. 

4. In compounds, the parts are separated. 

5. The last syllable of a word is called the ulltima. The next 
to the last syllable of a word is called the penult. The syl- 
lable preceding the penult is called the antepenult. 

Words of two syllables have the accent on the 
penult. Thus: Latin tu'-bq, trumpet and an'-ceps, 
two headed, double. 

Words of more than two syllables have the ac- 
cent on the penult when that syllable is long: other- 
wise the accent falls on the antepenult. Thus: 
prae-di'-co, to foretell but prae'-di-co, to declare. 

In this pronouncing guide only the primary or 
principal accent is indicated, since, usually, know- 
ing this, it is rather easy to find the secondary ac- 
cent. It is well to remember that the secondary ac- 
cent, as a general rule, can never fall less than two 
syllables before the primary one. 

A syllable is long: 

1. if its vowel is long. In this book the long vowels are 
marked; unmarked vowels must be regarded as short. 

* A diphthong (Gr. di, double; phthongos, voice) is a union 
of two vowels pronounced as one. In "proper" diphthongs, 
which we have in such English words as "joy," "poise," and 
"round," the two vowels are blended; but in "improper" 
diphthongs which appear in such words as "people," "each," 
and "pain" only one of the vowels, generally the first, i> 
sounded. 



xii INTRODUCTION 

2. if its vowel is followed by "x" or "z." 

3. if its vowel is short but followed by two or more conso- 
nants. Except a mute (p, b, t, d, c, k, g, q,) followed by 
1 or r or by x or z. 

4. if it contains a diphthong.* 

5. final as, es, os are long. 

A syllable not held to be long is short. 

A final syllable ending in any consonant other 
than "s" is short (-is, -us, and -ys are short). There 
are few exceptions. 

In pure Latin words a vowel is long: 

1. if it is formed by the contraction of a diphthong. 

2. if it occurs before "gm" (and often "gn"), "nf," and "ns." 

3. if it occurs before "consonant i" =y (with the sound of y 
in yet). 

4. usually if the "o" and "u" are final. 

In pure Latin words a vowel is short: 

1. if it occurs before another vowel or "h," thus: via, nihil. 
An exception is found in some words transcribed from 
Greek. 

2. if it occurs before "nd" or "nt." Thus: amandus and 
amant. 

Compound Words 

Many generic and trivial (specific) names of ani- 
mals and plants consist of fabricated compound 

* The most common Latin diphthongs are "ae," "au," and 
"oe." "eu" occurs in a few Latin words derived in part from 
the Greek "eu," meaning "well, good." "-eus," a common 
Latin adjectival ending, is pronounced "-S-us"; i.e., in two 
syllables. The common Greek diphthongs "ae" (represented 
by ae), "ei>" (transliterated "eu"), and "en" (transliterated 
"oe") are considered long in pronunciation. 



INTRODUCTION xiii 

words. If the words are compounded from Greek 
words or word-stems, the parts are often joined by 
the use of the vowel "o," often, but not necessarily, 
sounded as a shortened long "o" and marked <( o." 
Thus we have ornithopteris from the Greek stem 
ornithos, a bird, joined by the use of "o" to the 
word pteris, a wing. This connecting vowel "o" is 
also used in constructing some Latin compounds 
but the usual joining vowel in Latin compounds is 
"i." This we see in the trivial name alnifolia from 
the Latin stem alnus, the alder, and folium, a leaf. 

Transliterated Word- Endings 

Greek words ending in -on {-ov) and -os (os), 
when made over into Latin words, appear with the 
endings -um and -us, while those ending in long 
e (-rj) usually have their Latin derivatives ending 
in -a. Thus Greek petalon (ireraXop) becomes the 
Latin petalum, a leaf, and Greek cyamos (/cuajuos) 
becomes the Latin generic name Cyamus, a bean. 

In the case of commemorative names ending in 
-ia, -iana, or occasionally in -ella, given to honor 
discoverers, eminent scholars, or patrons of science, 
every effort should be made to preserve in their pro- 
nunciation as near as possible the original sounds; 
only thus can the names be readily associated with 
the persons in whose memory they were originally 
given. Certainly Dahlia, given to commemorate 
the Swedish botanist Dahl, should be pronounced 
Da'-li-a and not Da'-li-a as is so commonly done, 
and Camellia, given in honor of the botanical con- 
tributions of George Joseph Kamel (Latinized 



xiy INTRODUCTION 

form = Camelli) , the seventeenth century Moravian 
traveller, should have the e pronounced short 
(Cam-eT-li-a) and not long (Cam-el-'li-a) as so 
many careless persons are in the habit of doing. 
Pronounced otherwise, the connection between the 
man and the plant or animal is almost entirely 
obliterated and one of the chief purposes of giving 
the name is defeated. 

Sometimes words have passed over into the 
English language and in so doing have not only 
had their accent shifted and the sounds of their 
vowels changed, but they have also had the spell- 
ing slightly altered. Examples of such words are 
the Greek dnem-o'-ne (avenuvr)) which in English 
appears as the plant name anem-o-ne, and the 
Latin or-a' ' -tor becomes in English or'-d-tor. From 
the Latin fd-li-ns, leaf, we have the English words 
fo'-li-dge and fo'-li-o. Strange indeed, and rightly 
so, it now would sound, to hear someone speak of 
fo'-li-dge or of a fo'-li-o. The long o in foliage comes 
to us through French. 



WORKS CONSULTED 

Allen and Greenough: New Latin Grammar. Ginn and 

Company, 1903. 
Andrews and Stoddard: A Grammar of the Latin Language. 

Crocker and Brewster, 1868. 
Brown, Roland W. : Composition of Scientific Words. Brown, 

Roland W., 1954. 
Brues, C. T., Melander, A. L.: The Classification of Insects. 

Bulletin Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard Coll. 

73, 1932. 
Crozier, A. A. : Crozier 's Dictionary of Botanical Terms. Henry 

Holt and Company, 1892. 
Coninck, A. M. C: Jongkindt-Dictionaire Latin-Grec- 

Francais-Allemand-Hollandaise. G. E. Stechert and Com- 
pany, 1926. 
Drewitt, F. Dawtrey: Latin Names of Common Plants. 

H.F. andG. Witherby, 1927. 
Essig, E. O.: Insects of Western North America. The Macmillan 

Company, 1926. 

College Entomology: The Macmillan Company, 1942. 
Gray, Asa: Manual of the Botany of the Northern United States. 

American Book Company, 1889. 
Goodwin, William W.: A Greek Grammar. Ginn and Com- 
pany, 1892. 
Gilbert-Carter: Glossary of the British Flora. Cambridge 

University Press, 1950. 
Harkness, Albert: A Complete Latin Grammar. American 

Book Company, 1898. 
Hitchcock, A. S. : Manual of the Grasses of the United States. 

U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, 1935. 
Jackson, B. D.: A Glossary of Botanical Terms. Duckworth. 

Fourth Edition, 1928. 
Jackson, E. Hilton: Law-Latin, a Treatise in Latin. John 

Byrne and Company, 1905. 
Lane, George M.: A Latin Grammar. Harper and Brothers, 

1899. 

XV 



XVI 



WORKS CONSULTED 



Lyons, A. B.: Plant Names, Scientific and Popular. Nelson, 
Baker and Company, 1900. 

Mfxander, Alex Leonard: Source Book of Biological Terms. 
The College of the City of New York, 1940. 

Mooney, W. D.: A Brief Latin Grammar. American Book 
Company, 1897. 

Munz, Philip A. in collaboration with David D. Keck: A 
California Flora, University of California Press, Berkeley and 
Los Angeles, 1959. 

Savory, T. H.: Latin and Greek for Biologists. University of 
London Press. 

Greek-English Lexicon: Liddell and Scott. Harper and Broth- 
ers, Franklin Square, 1889. 

Harpers Latin Dictionary: Revised by Lewis and Short. Ameri- 
can Book Co., New York. 

Standardized Plant Names: J. Horace McFarland Co., Harris- 
burg, Pa. 1942. 

The Cambridge Natural History: The Macmillan Company, 
London, 1909-1920. 

The Century Dictionary and Encyclopedia: The Century Com- 
pany, 1911. 

The Illustrated Dictionary of Gardening: edited by George 
Nicholson: A. L. S. L., Upcott Hill, London. 

The Royal Horticultural Society: Dictionary of Gardening. 
Oxford at the Clerendon Press, 1951. 

Webster's New International Dictionary, Second Edition: G« 
and C. Merriam Company, 1950. 




THE BIOLOGIST'S HANDBOOK 
OF PRONUNCIATIONS 



ABAMA 3 

Generic names of plants are followed by an 
asterisk (*). 



Abama* (ab-a'-ma) 

abbreviatus (ab-rev-i-a'-tus) abridged. 

abditus (ab'-di-tus) removed, withdrawn. 

abdomen (ab-do'-men) 

abductor (ab-duk'-tor) 

Abelia* (ab-el'-i-a; a-beT-i-a) 

aberrant (ab-er'-ant) 

abient (ab'-i-ent) 

Abies* (ab'-i-ez) 

abieticola (ab-i-et-i'-ko-la) fir-dweller. 

Abietineae* (ab-i-et-in'-e-e) 

abietinus (ab-i-et-i'-nus) abies-like. 

Ablepharus (a-blef'-a-rus) 

ablutus (ab-lii'-tus) washed. 

abnuitus (ab-nu'-it-us) given up, rejected. 

abomasum (ab-6-ma'-sum) 

aboral (ab-o'-ral) 

aboriginus (ab-or-ij'-in-us) the primeval Romans, 

also, a nation, the Aborigines. 
abortivus (a-bor-ti'-vus) born prematurely. 
Abramis (ab'-ra-mis) 
abrasus (ab-ra/-sus) rubbed off, shaved. 
Abraxas (a-brak'-sas) 
Abrocoma (a-brok'-6-ma) 
Abronia* (a-bro'-ni-a) 
abrotanifolius (ab-rot-an-i-fol'-i-us, ab-rot-an-i- 

fo'-li-us) with leaf like Abrotanum. 



ABROTANOIDES 



abrotanoides (ab-rot-an-o-ld'-ez) like abrotanum 
or southernwood. 

Abrotanum* (ab-rot'-an-um) 

abrotonoides (ab-rot-on-o-l'-dez) resembling Ar- 
temisia (abrotonum) . 

abruptus (ab-rupt'-us) separated, torn off. 

Abrus* (a'-brus) 

abscise (ab-siz') 

abscissus (ab-sis'-us) separated, divided. 

absconsus (ab-skon'-sus) concealed, hidden away. 

absimilis (ab-sim'-il-is) unlike. 

absorb (ab-sorb') 

absorption (ab-sorp'-shun) 

abutiloides (ab-u-til-o-id'-ez) like Abutilon. 

Abutilon* (ab-u'-ti-lon) 

Acacia* (ak-a'-shi-a) 

Acaena (a-se'-na) 

Acaloithus (ak-al-o-ith'-us) 

Acalypha* (a-ka-li'-fa) 

Acanthaceae* (ak-an-tha'-se-e) 

Acanthina (ak-anth'-in-a) 

Acanthis (ak-anth'-is) 

Acanthium* (ak-anth'-i-um) 

acanthocoma (ak-anth-ok'-om-a) spiny-haired. 

acanthodes (ak-anth-o'-dez) thorny. 

Acanthodoris (ak-anth-6-do'-ris) 

Acanthodrilus (ak-anth-6-drl'-lus) 

acanthoides (ak-anth-o-i'-dez) like a thorn or like 
Acanthus. 

Acantholimon* (ak-anth-o-li'-mon) 

Acanthophis (ak-anth'-o-fis) 

Acanthostachyum* (ak-anth-ost-ak'-i-um) 



ACARIDA 



Acarida (a-kar'-id-a) 

Acarospora* (ak-ar-os'-po-ra) 

Acarus (ak'-ar-us) 

acaulescent (a-kol-es'-ent) 

acaulis (a-ko'-lis) without stem. 

accedens (ak-se'-denz) resembling, approaching. 

Accipiter (ak-sip'-i-ter) 

accipitrine (ak-sip'-it-rin, ak-sip'-i-trin) 

acclimatize (a-kli'-ma-tiz) 

acclinis (ak-li'-nis) leaning on or against some- 
thing. 

acephalus (a-sef'-al-us) without head. 

Acer* (as'-er) 

acer (a'-ser) with sharp taste, sharp. 

Aceraceae* (as-e-ra'-se-e) 

Aceras* (a'-ser-as) 

acerate (as'-e-rat) 

Acerates* (as-er-a'-tez) 

acerbus (as-erb'-us) bitter, harsh, rough. 

Acerentomidae (as-er-en-tom'-i-de) 

acerifolius (as-er-i-fol'-i-us, as-er-i-fo'-li-us) maple- 
leaved. 

aceris (as'-er-is) of the maple tree. 

acerosus (as-er-o'-sus) needle-shaped, full of 
needles; also, chaffy. 

acervate (a-ser'-vat, as'-er-vat) 

acetic (a-se'-tik; a-set'-ik) 

acetosus (as-e-to'-sus) full of acid. 

Achatina (a-kat'-in-a) 

achatinus (ak-a-tl'-nus, ak-at-l'-nus) like agate, of 
the color of agate. 

achene (a-ken'; ak-en') 



ACHILLEA 



Achillea* (ak-i-le'-a) 

achilleaefolius (ak-il-e-e-fol'-i-us, ak-il-e-e-fo'-li-us) 

with leaf like yarrow. 
Achimenes* (a-kim'-e-nez) 
Achlys* (ak'-lis) 

achradophilus (ak-rad-of'-i-lus) pear-tree loving. 
Achras* (ak'-ras) 
Achyronia* (ak-ir-on'-i-a) 
Achyropappus* (ak-ir-o-pap'-us) 
acicularis (a-sik-ul-a'-ris) needle-like. 
Acidanthera* (as-id-an'-the-ra) 
acidophil (as'-id-o-fil, as-id'-o-fil) 
Acilius (as-il'-i-us) 
acinacifolius (a-sin-a-si-fol'-i-us, a-sin-a-si-fo'-li-us) 

with sword-shaped leaf. 
acinaciform (a-sin-a'-si-form) 
acinarius (as-in-a'-ri-us) 
Acineta (as-in-e'-ta) 
acinifolius (as-in-i-fol'-i-us, as-in-i-fo'-li-us) having 

leaves resembling those of Acinos arvensis. 
Acinonyx (as-in'-on-iks) 
acinus (as'-in-us, pi. as'-in-l) 
acipenser (a-sip-en'-ser) 
Aciphylla* (as-iph-il'-a) 
Acisanthera* (as-is-an-the'-ra) 
Acmadenia* (ak-mad-e'-ni-a) 
Acmena* (ak-me'-na) 
Acnida* (ak-nl'-da) 
Acocanthera* (ak-o-kan-the'-ra) 
Aconitum* (ak-o-nl'-tum) 
acontium (a-kon'-shi-um, a-kon'-ti-um) 
Acordulecera (ak-ord-ul-es'-er-a) 



ACORUS ; 

Acorus* (ak'-o-rus) 

acoustic (a-koos'-tik) 

Acradenia* (ak-ra-de'-ni-a) 

Acraspeda (a-kras'-pe-da) 

Acridotheres (a-krid-o-the'-rez) 

Acris (ak'ris) 

Acrocera (ak-ros'-er-a) 

Acroceratidae (ak-ro-se-rat'-i-de) 

Acrochordinae (ak-ro-kor-dl'-ne) 

Acrochordus (ak-ro-kord'-us) 

Acrocinus (ak-ro-si'-nus) 

acrocladon (ak-rok'-lad-on) with pointed branch 

Acrocomia* (ak-ro-ko'-mi-a) 

acrogynous (ak-roj'-i-nus) 

Acrolepia (ak-rol-e'-pi-a) 

Acronychia* (ak-ron-ik'-i-a) 

Acronycta* (ak-ron-ik'-ta) 

Acropera* (ak-rop-e'-ra) 

Acrosanthes* (ak-ros-anth'-ez) 

Acrosoma (ak-ro-so'-ma) 

acrostical (ak-ros'-ti-kal) 

Acrostichum* (ak-ros'-tik-um) 

acroteric (ak-ro-te'-rik) 

acrotrichus (ak-rot'-rik-us) with sharp hairs. 

Acryllium (ak-rir-i-um) 

Actaea* (ak-te'-a) 

Actinella (ak-ti-nel'-a) 

Actinemys (ak-tin'-em-is) 

Actinocarpus* (ak-ti-nok-ar'-pus) 

Actinolepis* (ak-ti-nol'-ep-is) 

Actinomeris* (ak-ti-nom'-er-is) 

Actinophrys (ak-ti-nof'-ris) 



8 ACTINOSTACHYS 

Actinostachys (ak-ti-nost'-ak-is) 

Actinostrobus* (ak-ti-nost'-rob-us) 

actius (ak'-ti-us) pertaining to Actium. 

Acuan* (ak'-u-an) 

aculeatus (ak-u-le-a'-tus) thorny, prickly. 

acuminatus (ak-u-min-a'-tus) sharpened, pointed. 

acus (ak'-us) a pin or needle, something pointed. 

acutangulus (ak-u-tang'-ul-us) with sharp or well- 
defined angles. 

acutiflorus (ak-u-ti-flo'-rus) with sharp-pointed 
flowers. 

acutifolius (ak-u-ti-fol'-i-us, ak-u-ti-fo'-h'-us) with 
sharp-pointed leaves. 

acutipennis (a-kii-ti-pen'-is) sharp-feathered, 
pointed-feathered. 

acutus (ak-u'-tus) acute or pointed. 

Adela (ad-e'-la) 

Adelea (ad-e-le'-a) 

Adelges (a-del'-jez) 

Adelgidae (a-del'-ji-de) 

Adelochorda (ad-el-o-kor'-da) 

adelphogamy (a-del-fog'-a-mi) 

adeniform (a-de'-ni-form; a-den'-i-form) 

adenocaulon (a-de-no-kol'-on) glandular-stemmed. 

Adenophora* (a-de-nof-or-a) 

adenophyllus (a-de-nof-il'-us) glandular-leaved. 

adenose (a'-de-nos) 

Adenostoma* (a-de-nost'-o-ma) 

Adenota (a-de-no'-ta) 

Adenotrichia* (a-de-no-trik'-i-a) 

Adephaga (a-def'-a-ga) 

adiantifolius (ad-i-ant-i-fol'-i-us, ad-i-ant-i-fo'-li- 
us) with leaf like Adiantum. 



ADIANTUM 



Adiantum* (ad-i-an'-tum) 

adience (ad'-i-ens) 

Adimeridae (ad-im-er'-id-e) 

adipocere (ad'-ip-o-ser) 

adipose (ad'-i-pos) 

adjectus (ad-jek'-tus) placed near. 

Adlumia* (ad-lu'-mi-a) 

adminiculatus (ad-min-ik-kul-a'-tus) well-sup- 
ported, well furnished. 

admirabilis (ad-mlr-a/-bil-is) worthy of admira- 
tion, wonderful. 

adnascens (ad-nas'-senz) growing on. 

adnatus (ad-nat'-us) growing to, connected by 
birth. 

adnixus (ad-niks'-us) leaning upon, pressing 
against. 

adocetus (ad-os-e'-tus) unexpected. 

Adonidia* (ad-on-id'-i-a) 

Adonis* (ad-o'-nis) 

Adoxa* (a-dok'-sa) 

adpressus (ad-pres'-us) pressed toward. 

adrenal (ad-re'-nal) 

adscendens (ads-sen'-denz) growing up, standing 
higher. 

adsitus (ad'-si-tus) sown, planted, set near some- 
thing. 

adspersus (ad-spers'-us) a sprinkling upon, scatter- 
ing. 

adsurgens (ad-sur'-jenz) rising, erect, standing up. 

adtidal (ad-ti'-dal ; ad'-tld-al) 

adulterinus (ad-ul-ter-l'-nus) not genuine. 

adumbratus (ad-umb-ra/-tus) false. 

aduncus (ad-unk'-us) hooked, bent like a hook. 



10 ADUSTUS 

adustus (ad-ust'-us) burned, singed, damaged, 
made brown. 

advenus (ad'-ven-us) a stranger, a foreigner. 

Aechmea* (ek-me'-a; ek'-me-a) 

Aechmophorus (ek-mof'-o-rus) 

aecidiospore (e-sid'-i-o-spor) 

aecidium (e-sid'-i-um) 

aeciospore (e'-si-6-spor) 

aedeagus (e-de'-ag-us; ed-e-a/-gus) 

aedon (a-e'-don) the nightingale. 

aedonius (a-e-don'-i-us) pertaining to the nightin- 
gale. 

Aega (e'-ga) 

aegaeus (e-je'-us) Aegean. 

aegagrus (e-ga'-grus) the wild goat. 

aeger (e'-ger) troubled, suffering, sick. 

Aegeriidae (e-je-rl'-i-de) 

Aegialites (e-ji-al-i'-tez) 

Aegicerus* (e-jis'-er-us) 

Aegilops* (e'-jil-ops) 

Aegithalos (e-ji-tha'-los) 

Aegopodium* (e-go-po'-di-um) 

Aegopogon* (e-go-pog'-on) 

Aegothelidae (e-go-thel'-i-de) 

aegrotus (e-gro'-tus) sick; also, sick of seeing you. 

Aeluropus (e-lti'-ro-pus) 

aemulus (e'-mul-us) rivalling. 

aeneus (e'-ne-us) of bronze or copper. 

Aeolidiadae (e-o-li-dl'-ad-e) 

Aeolothripidae (e-o-lo-thrip'-i-de) 

Aeonium* (e-o'-ni-um) 

Aepyceros (e-pis'-er-os) 



AEPYORNIS 11 

Aepyornis (ep-i-or'-nis) 

aequabilis (e-kwa'-bi-lis) equal, similar. 

aequipetalus (e-qui-pet'-al-us) equal-petalled. 

Aequorea (e-kwo'-re-a) 

aequoreus (e-kwor'-e-us) of or pertaining to the 
sea. 

aereus (e'-re-us) coppery, made of copper or 
bronze. 

aerial (a-e'-ri-al, a-e'-ri-al) 

Aerides* (a-e'-ri-dez) 

aerius (a-e'-ri-us) pertaining to air, high, transi- 
tory. 

Aerobion* (a-er-ob'-i-on) 

aerotropic (a-er-6-trop'-ik) 

aeruginosus (e-ru-jin-os'-us) full of copper, rusty. 

Aeschna (esk'-na) 

Aeschnidae (esk'-ni-de) 

Aeschynanthus* (es-ki-nan'-thus) 

Aeschynomene* (es-ki-nom'-e-ne) 

aesculifolius (es-kul-i-fol'-i-us, es-kul-i-fo'-li-us) 
oak-leaved. 

Aesculus* (es'-ku-lus) 

aestival (es'-ti-val; es-ti'-val) 

aestivalis (es-ti-va'-lis) summer-flowering, per- 
taining to summer. 

aestivate (es'-ti-vat) 

aestivation (es-ti-va'-shun) 

aestivus (e'-sti-vus) of summer; often, in botany, 
referring to time of flowering. 

aestuans (es'-tu-anz) warming, inflaming. 

aethereus (e-the'-ri-us) heavenly. 



12 AETHIONEMA 

Aethionema* (e-thi-on-e'-ma) 

aethiopicus (e-thi-o'-pik-us) from Ethiopica (Aethi- 

opica). 
Aethusa* (e-thu'-sa) 
aetiology (e-ti-ol'-oj-i) 
aetites (a-e-ti'-tez) 
afer (af'-er) African, 
afferent (a'-fer-ent) 
affinal (af-i'-nal) 

affinis (af-In'-is) adjacent, neighboring, 
afrum (a'-frum) African. 
Agabus (ag'-a-bus) 
Agalmyla* (ag-al'-mil-a) 
Agama (a'-gam-a) 
Agamidae (a-gam'-i-de) 
agamospecies (ag-am-6-spe'-shez) 
agamospore (ag-am'-o-spor) 
Agaontidae (ag-a-on'-ti-de) 
Agapanthus* (ag-ap-anth'-us) 
agape (a-gap', a-gap') 
Agapostemon (ag-ap-os'-te-mon) 
Agaricus (ag-ar'-i-kus) 
Agastachys* (ag-ast'-ak-is) 
Agathaea* (ag-ath-e'-a) 
Agathis* (ag'-a-this) 
Agathophyllum* (ag-ath-of-il'-um) 
agave (a-ga'-ve) 
Agave* (a-ga'-ve; a-ga'-ve) 
agavoides (ag-av-o-l'-dez; ag-av-o-i'-dez) like 

Agave. 
Agdestis* (ag-des'-tis) 
Agelaius (aj-e-la'-yus) 



AGELENA 13 

Agelena (aj-e-le'-na) 

Ageniapsis (aj-en-i-as'-pis) 

ageratoides (aj^e-rat-o-i'-dez) like ageratum. 

Ageratum* (aj-e'-rat-um, a-jer'-a-tum) 

aggregatus (ag-re-ga/-tus) gathered together. 

agilis (a'-ji-lis) active, nimble. 

Agkistrodon (ag-kis'-tro-don) 

Aglaonema* (ag-la-on-e'-ma) 

Agnepteryx (ag-nep'-ter-iks) 

agninus (ag-ni'-nus) pertaining to a lamb. 

Agnostus* (ag-no'-stus) 

Agoseris* (ag-os'-er-is) 

Agraphis* (ag'-raf-is) 

agrarius (ag-ra'-ri-us) pertaining to fields. 

agrestis (a-gres'-tis) wild. 

agrifolius (ag-ri-fol'-i-us, ag-ri-fo'-li-us) rough or 

scabby-leaved. 
Agriidae (ag-ri'-i-de) 
Agrilus* (ag'-ril-us) 
Agrimonia* (ag-ri-mo'-ni-a) 
Agriotes* (ag-ri-o'-tez) 
Agromyzidae (ag-ro-mlz'-i-de) 
Agropyron* (ag-ro-pl'-ron) 
Agrostemma* (ag-ro-stem'-a) 
agrostideus (ag-ros-ti'-de-us) like agrostis, a plant 

mentioned by Theophrastus. 
Agrostis* (ag-ros'-tis) 
Agrotis (a-gro'-tis) 
Agulla (ag-u'-la) 
aigrette (a-gret', a'-gret) 
ailanthifolius (a-lanth-i-fol'-i-us, a-lanth-i-fo'-li-us) 

with leaves like Alianthus. 



14 AILANTHUS 

Ailanthus* (a-lan'-thus; I-lan'-thus) 

Ailurin (l-lur'-in) 

Ailuroedus (al-u-re'-dus) 

Ailuropoda (al-u-rop'-6-da) 

Ailuropus (al-u-ro'-pus) 

Aimophila (i-mof'-il-a) 

Aiphanes* (a-i'-phan-ez) 

Aira* (a/-ra) 

aithochroi (I-thok'-ro-l) 

aitionastic (l-ti-6n-as'-tik) 

Aix (aks) 

aizoides (a-I-zo-l'-dez) aizoon-like. 

aizoon (a-I-zo'-on) ever-living; an evergreen plant. 

Ajaia (M'-a) 

ajaja (l-l'-a; a-ya'-ya) 

Ajuga* (aj'-oo-ga; aj-u'-ga) 

akebia (ak-e'-bi-a) 

akinesis (ak-in-e'-sis) 

akinete (ak'-i-net) 

alacer (al'-a-ser) quickly, lively. 

alatavicus (al-at-av'-ik-us) 

alate (a'-lat) 

alatus (a-la'-tus) winged. 

Alauda (a-lo'-da) 

Alaus (al-a'-us) 

albatross (al'-ba-tros) 

albescens (al-bes'-senz) growing white. 

albicans (al'-bi-kanz) becoming white. 

albicaulis (al-bik-o'-lis) white-stemmed. 

albicollis (al-bik-ol'-is) white-necked. 

albidulus (al-bid'-ul-us) whitish. 

albidus (al'-bi-dus) white. 



ALBIFRONS 15 

albifrons (al'-bif-ronz) white-browed. 

albigula (al-bi-gu'-la) 

albigulus (al-bi-gu'-lus) white-throated. 

albinism (al'-bi-nizm) 

albino (al-bl'-no) 

albipes (al'-bi-pes) white-foot. 

albispinus (al-bis-pl'-nus) white-spined. 

Albizia* (al-biz'-i-a) 

albocinctus (al-bo-sink'-tus) white-belted. 

albostipes (al-bo-stl'-pez) white-stalked, with 

white stalk. 
albums (ar-bul-us) whitish. 
albumen (al-bu'-men) 
albus (al'-bus) white. 
Alca (al'-ka) 
Alcea* (al'-se-a) 
Alcedo (al-se'-do) 
Alcelaphinae (al-sel-a-fi'-ne) 
Alcelaphus (al-sel'-a-fus) 
Alces (al'-sez) 
Alchemilla* (al-ke-mil'-a) 
alcicorneus (al-si-kor'-ne-us) antler-shaped, with 

horns like the elk. 
alcoides (al-ko-i'-dez) auk-like. 
Alcyonium (al-si-o'-ni-um) 
Alectoria* (a-lek-to'-ri-a) 
Alectoris (a-lek'-tor-is) 
Alectrion (a-lek'-tri-on) 
Alectura (a-lek-tu'-ra) 
Aleochara (al-e-ok'-a-ra) 
aleppensis (al-ep-en'-sis) from Aleppo. 
Aletris* (al-et'-ris, al'-e-tris) 



16 ALETROIDES 

aletroides (al-et-ro-i'-dez) like Aletris. 

Aleurobius (al-u-ro'-bi-us) 

aleuron (al-u'-ron) 

Aleurodidae (al-u-rod'-i-de) 

alga (al'-ga, pi. al'-je) 

algidus (al'-ji-dus) cold. 

alimentary (al-i-men'-ta-ri) 

Alisma* (a-liz'-ma) 

alismaefolius (al-iz-me-fol'-i-us, al-is-me-fo'-li-us) 

with leaves like Alisma. 
alkaline (al'-ka-lln; al'-ka-lin) 
alkeifolius (al-ke-i-fol'-i-us, al-ke-i-fo'-li-us) with 

leaves like mallow. 
Allactaga (a-lak'-ta-ga) 
Allamanda* (al-a-man'-da) 
allantoic (al-an-to'-ik) 
allantois (a-lan'-to-is) 
Alle (al'-e) 

allele (al-eT, pi. a-lelz') 
allelism (a-le'-lizm) 
allelomorph (a-le'-lo-morf) 
Allenrolfea* (al-en-rol'-fe-a) 
allex (al'-eks) the great toe. 
alliaceus (al-i-a'-se-us) garlic-like. 
Alliaria* (al-i-a'-ri-a) 
Allium* (al'-i-um) 
allochthonous (al-ok'-thon-us) 
allogamus (al-og'-a-mus) 
allometry (al-om-et'-ri) 
allophyllus (al-of-il'-us) with other kind of leaves, 

i.e., with peculiar, strange leaves. 
Allosaurus (al-o-sor'-us) 



ALLOSOME 17 

allosome (al'-o-som) 

Allosorus* (al-os-o'-rus) 

allotropic (al-o-trop'-ik) 

almond (a'-mund) 

alnifolius (al-ni-fol'-i-us, al-ni-fo'-li-us) with leaves 
like the alder. 

Alnus* (al'-nus) 

Alocasia* (al-o-ka/-shi-a) 

aloe (al'-o, pi. al'-oz) 

Aloe* (al'-o-e) 

alogus (a'-16-gus) irrational, without reason. 

aloides (al-o-i'-dez) resembling Aloe. 

aloifolius (al-o-i-fol'-i-us, al-o-i-fo'-li-us) aloe- 
leaved. 

Alonsoa* (al-on-so'-a) 

Alopecias (al-o-pe'-shi-as) 

alopecuroides (al-o-pek-ii-ro-I'-dez) foxtail-like. 

Alopecurus* (al-o-pek-ti'-rus) 

Alopex (al'-o-peks) 

Alosa (a-lo'-sa) 

Alouatta (al-66-at'a) 

Aloysia* (al-o-ish'-i-a) 

alpestris (al-pest'-ris) of the Alps. 

alpine (al'pln, al'pin) 

alpinus (al-pi'-nus) alpine. 

Alsine* (al-si'-ne) 

alsinifolius (al-sin-i-fol'-i-us, al-sin-i-fo'-li-us) like 
Alsine, the chickweed. 

Alsophila (al-sof'-il-a) 

Alstroemeria* (al-stre-me'-ri-a) 

alternans (al-tern'-anz) changed. 

alternate (al-ter'-nat, al'-ter-nat) 



18 ALTERNIFLORUS 

alterniflorus (al-tern-i-flor'-us) with alternating 
flowers. 

Althaea* (al-the'-a) 

alticolus (al-tik'-ol-us) dwelling in high places. 

Altides (al-ti'-dez) 

altilis (alt'-il-is) nutritive, fat, large. 

altipetens (al-tip'-et-enz) seeking high places. 

altissimus (al-tis'-im-us) tallest, very tall. 

altiusculus (al-ti-us'-ku-lus) rather high, a little 
too high. 

altivallis (al-ti-val'-is) of high valleys. 

altrices (al'-tri-sez) 

altricial (al-tri'-shal) 

altus (al'-tus) high, tall. 

alula (al'-u-la) 

alumnus (al-um'-nus) well-nourished, flourishing. 

alutacius (a-lu-ta'-shi-us) pertaining to soft leather. 

alvarius (al-va/-ri-us) pertaining to or of the womb. 

alveolar (al-ve'-o-ler; al'-ve-6-lar) 

alveolus (al-ve'-o-lus, al-ve'-ol-us) 

alveus (al'-ve-us) a basket, a deep hollow, a chan- 
nel. 

Alydus (al'-i-dus) 

Alysicarpus* (al-is-i-kar'-pus) 

Alyssum* (a-lis'-um) 

Alytes (al'-i-tez) 

amabilis (a-ma'-bi-lis) lovely, worthy of love. 

Amanita* (am-an-I'-ta) 

amanous (am'-a-nus) 

Amaranthus* (am-a-ran'-thus) 

Amaroucium (am-ar-u'-shi-um) 

amarus (a-ma'-rus) bitter. 



AMASTRIDIUM 2? 

Amastridium (a-mas-tricT-i-um) 

ambiguus (am-big'-u-us) doubtful, of uncertain 

relationship. 
ambitus (am'-bi-tus) a going round, a revolving. 
Ambloplites (am-blop-ll'-tez) 
amblyceps (am'-bli-seps) blunt-head. 
Amblychila (am-bli-ki'-la) 
amblyodon (am-bll'-od-on) blunt-toothed. 
ambon (am'-bon) 

ambrosia (am-bro'-zhi-a, am-bro'-zi-a) 
ambulacral (am-bu-lak'-ral) 
ambulacrum (am-bu-lak'-rum) 
Ambystoma (am-bis'-to-ma) 
ameiosis (a-mi-o'-sis) 
Amelanchier* (am-e-lan'-ki-er) 
ameloblast (a-mel'-o-blast) 
ament (a'-ment, am'-ent) 
americanus (am-er-ik-a'-nus) of America, 
amethysteus (am-eth-is'-te-us) like amethyst. 
Ametropodidae (am-e-tro-pod'-i-de) 
Amianthium* (am-i-anth'-i-um) 
amine (am'-in, am'-en) 
amino (a-me'-no; am'-i-no) 
Ammocharis* (am-ok'-ar-is) 
ammocoete (am'-o-set) 
ammocoetes (am-o-se'-tez) 
Ammodramus (am-od'-ra-mus) 
Ammodytes (am-6-dl'-tez) 
Ammogeton* (am-og-e'-ton) 
Ammon (am'-on) an epithet of Zeus. 
Ammonites (am-o-nl'-tez) 
Ammophila* (am-of'-ila) 



20 AMMOPHILUS 

ammophilus (am-of'-il-us) sand-loving. 
Ammospermophilus (am-6-spur-mof-il-us) 
amnion (am'-ni-on) 
amoebiasis (a-me-bi'-a-sis) 
Amoebina (a-me-bl'-na) 
amoeboid (a-me'-boyd) 
amoenus (a-me'-nus) lovely, charming. 
Amomum* (am-o'-mum) 
Amoreuxia (am-o-rook'-shi-a) 
Ampelopsis* (am-pe-lop'-sis) 
Amphiachyris* (am-fi-a'-kir-is) 
amphibious (am-fib'-i-us) 
amphiblastula (am-fi-blas'-tu-la) 
Amphibolurus (am-fi-bol-ur'-us) 
Amphicarpaea* (am-fi-kar-pe'-a) 
Amphicarpum* (am-fi-karp'-um) 
Amphicepha (am-fi-se'-fa) 
Amphicerus (am-fi'-ser-us) 
amphicoelus (am-fi-se'-lus) 
Amphicyon (am-fis'-i-on) 
Amphilobium* (am-fil-ob'-i-um) 
Amphimeryx (am-fi'-mer-iks) 
amphimixis (am-fim-ik'-sis) 
Amphipoda (am-fip'-6-da) 
amphipodous (am-fip'-o-dus) 
Amphisbaena (am-fis-be'-na) 
Amphispiza (am-fis-pi'-za) 
amphithecium (am-fi-the'-shi-um) 
Amphithoe (am-fith'-o-e) 
amphitriaene (am-fit-ri'-en) 
amphitropous (am-fit'-rop-us) 
Amphiuma (am-fi-u'-ma) 



AMPHIURA 21 

Amphiura (am-fi-ur'-a) 

Amphizoidae (am-fi-zo'-i-de) 

amphrysus (am-fri'-sus) of Amphrysos, a river in 

Thessaly. 
amplexicaulis (am-pleks-i-kol'-is) with entwining 

or embracing stem. 
ampliate (am'-pli-at) 
amplus (am'-plus) great, large, wide. 
ampulla (am-pooT-a), am-pul'-a) 
ampullaceus (am-pul-a'-se-us) flask-like. 
ampullatus (am-pul-a'-tus) jugged, bottled. 
Amycterus (a-mik'-te-rus) 
Amyda (am'-id-a) 

amygdalinus (am-ig-dal-l'-nus) of almonds, 
amygdaloides (am-ig-dal-o-i'-dez) like an almond. 
Amyris* (am'-i-ris) 
Anabas (an'-a-bas) 
Anabasis (a-nab'-a-sis) 
anabolism (a-nab'-6-lizm) 
Anabrus (an-ab'-rus) 
Anacharis* (an-ak'-ar-is) 
anadromous (an-ad'-ro-mus) 
anaemic, anemic (a-ne'-mik; a-nem'-ik) 
Anaeretes (a-ner-e'-tez) 
anaerobe (an-a/-e-rob) 
anaerobic (an-a-e-ro'-bik, an-a-er'-ob-ik) 
Anastrepha* (an-as'-tref-a) 
Anagallis* (an-a-gal'-is) 
anaides (a-na-l'-dez) reckless, shameless. 
analogous (a-nal'-o-gus) 
analogy (a-nal'6-ji) 
anamnia (an-am'-ni-a) 



22 ANANAS 

Ananas* (a-na'-nas) 

Anaphalis (a-naf'-al-is) 

Anaphora (an-af'-or-a) 

anapleurite (an-a-plobr'-it) 

Anas (a'-nas) 

Anasa (an'-as-a) 

anastasis (an-as-ta'-sis) erection. 

anastomosis (a-nas-to-mo'-sis) 

Anatis (an-a'-tis) 

anatomy (a-na'-to-mi) 

anatonus (a-na'-to-nus) extending upward. 

anatropous (a-nat'-ro-pus) 

anax (an'-aks) a lord. 

Anchitherium (ang-ki-the'-ri-um) 

Anchusa* (ang-ku'-sa) 

ancipital (an-sip'-it-al) 

Ancistrocladus* (an-sis-trok'-lad-us) 

Ancistrodon (an-sis'-tro-don) 

ancylus (an'-si-lus) bent, crooked. 

Andira* (an-di'-ra) 

Andrena (an-dre'-na) 

Andrenidae (an-dren'-i-de) 

andricolus (an-drik'-ol-us) man-dwelling. 

Andricus (an'-dri-kus 

androecium (an-dre'-shi-um) 

Andrographis* (an-drog'-ra-fis) 

androgynal (an-droj'-i-nal) 

Androloma (an-drol-o'-ma) 

Andromeda* (an-drom'-e-da) 

Andropadus (an-drop'-ad-us) 

androphorous (an-drof-6r-us) 

Andropogon* (an-dro-po'-gon, an-drop-o'-gon) 



ANDROSACE 23 

Androsace* (an-dros'-as-e) 

andrus (an'-drus) with stamens. 

Aneides (an-I'-dez) 

anemic (an-e'-mik) 

Anemone* (a-nem'-o-ne) 

Anemonella (a-nem-6-nel'-a) 

anemotaxis (a-nem-o-taks'-is) 

Angelica* (an-jel'-i-ka) 

angiocarpus (an-ji-o-kar'-pus) vessel-fruited. 

angiostomatous (an-j i-o-stom'-at-us) 

angiotonin (anj-i-ot'-on-in) 

anglicus (ang'-li-kus) English. 

angora (an-go'-ra) 

Anguidae (ang'-gwi-de) 

Anguilla (an-gwil'-a) 

Anguis (an'-gwis) 

angularis (ang-ul-ar'-is) having angles or corners. 

angustifrons (an-gust'-i-fronz) narrow forehead. 

angustifolius (an-gust-i-fol'-i-us, an-gust-i-fo'-li- 

us) with narrow leaves, 
angustissimus (an-gust-is'-im-us) most narrow. 
Anhima (a-nye'-ma) 
Anhinga (an-hing'-a, a-nying'-a) 
ani (a'ne) 

animosus (an-i-mo'-sus) bold, spirited. 
Anisomeles* (an-is-om'-e-lez) 
anisatum (an-Is-a/-tum) anise-scented. 
Anisocoma* (a-nis-o'-kom-a) 
anisodorus (an-is-o-do'-rus) anise-odored. 
Anisolabis (an-is-or-ab-is) 
anisophyllus (an-Is-of-il'-us) unequal-leaved. 
Anisota (an-is-ot'-a) 



24 ANKYLOSAURUS 

Ankylosaurus (ang-ki-lo-so'-rus) 

anlage (an'-lag-e; pi. an'-lag-en) 

annalis (an-a/-lis) annual, continuing a year. 

annectens (an-ek'-tenz) joining, connecting. 

Annelida (a-nel'-id-a) 

Annonaceae* (an-o-na'-se-e) 

annosus (an-o'-sus) aged, old. 

annotinus (an-o'-ti-nus) a year old. 

annulipes (an-ul'-i-pez) ringed-foot. 

annulose (an'-u-los) 

annuus (an'-u-us) yearly, annual. 

Anoa (a-no'-a) 

Anobiidae (an-o-bi'-i-de) 

Anoda* (a-no'-da) 

Anolis (a-no'-lis) 

anomalus (a-no'-ma-lus) irregular, deviating from 
rules. 

anomocerus(an-o-mo / -se-rus) irregular or unequal- 
horned. 

Anona* (a-no'-na) 

anopetalus (an-op-et'-al-us) erect-petaled. 

Anopheles (an-of'-e-lez) 

Anoplophrya (an-op-lo-fri'-a) 

Anoplura (an-o-plu'-ra) 

Anosia (a-no'-shi-a, a-no'-si-a) 

anostraca (an-os'-tra-ka) a shell. 

Anous (an'-o-us) 

ansatus (an-sa'-tus) having a handle. 

Anser (an'-ser) 

Anseres (an'-ser-ez) 

anserinus (an-se-ri'-nus) pertaining to geese. 

antebrachium (an-te-bra'-ki-um) 



ANTECHINOMYS 25 

Antechinomys (an-te-kl'-no-mis) 

Antechinus (an-tek-In'-us) 

Antennaria* (an-te-na'-ri-a) 

Anteon (an-te'-on) 

Anthaenantia* (an-the-nan'-shi-a, an-the-nan'-ti-a) 

Anthemis* (anth'-e-mis) 

Anthericum* (an-ther'-ik-um) 

anthesis (an-the'-sis) 

Anthocerotae (an-tho-ser-5'-te) 

Anthochloa* (an-tho-klo'-a) 

Anthocoridae (an-tho-kor'-i-de) 

Anthomyiidae (an-tho-ml-i'-i-de) 

Anthonomus (an-thon'-om-us) 

Anthophoridae (an-tho-for'-i-de) 

Anthoxanthum* (an-tho-zan'-thum) 

anthracinus (an-thra'-sin-us) coal-colored. 

Anthrenus (an-thre'-nus) 

Anthribus* (an'-thri-bus) 

Anthriscus* (an-thris'-kus) 

anthropeic (an-thro-pe'-ik) 

anthropoid (an'-thro-poyd) 

anthropometry (an-thro-pom'-et-ri) 

anthropomorphosis (an-thro-po-mor-fo'-sis) 

anthropophora (an-thro-pof-6-ra) man-bearing. 

Anthurium* (an-thu'-ri-um) 

Anthus (an'-thus) 

Anthyllis* (an-thil'-is) 

anticus (an-ti'-kus) foremost. 

Antidorcas (an-ti-dor'-kas) 

antidromic (an-tid'-ro-mik) 

Antigonon* (an-tig'-o-non) 

Antilocapra (an-til-6-kap'ra, an-ti-16-ka'-pra) 



26 ANTIMERES 

antimeres (an'-ti-merz) 

Antiopa (an-ti'-op-a) wife of Lycus, king of Thebes. 

Antiopella (an-ti-op-el'-a) 

Antipatharia (an-ti-pa-tha/-ri-a) 

antipodal (an-tip'-o-dal) 

antiquus (an-ti'-kwu-us) antiquated, old. 

Antirrhinum* (an-ti-rl'-num) 

Antispila (an-tis'-pi-la) 

Antrostomus (an-tros'-to-mus) 

anus (a'-nus) 

Anychia* (a-nik'-i-a) 

aonyx (a-on'-iks) 

aorta (a-6r'-ta) 

Aotes (a-o'-tez) 

aoudad (a'-o-dad) 

apache (a-pach'-e) 

Apachyidae (a-pak-i'-i-de) 

Apaganthus* (a-pag-an'-thus) 

Apanteles (a-pan'-te-lez) 

Apargia* (ap-ar'-ji-a) 

Apargidium* (a-par-jid'-i-um) 

apatelius (ap-at-el'-i-us) deceitful, deceptive. 

Apatelodes (ap-at-el-od'-ez) 

Apaturia* (ap-at-u'-ri-a) 

Apera* (a'-per-a) 

apertus (a-per'-tus) open, free. 

apetalus (ap-et'-al-us) without petals. 

apex (a'-peks, pi. ap'-i-sez or a'-pi-sez) 

Aphanostephus* (af-a-nos'-tef-us) 

Aphanostoma (af-an-6-sto'-ma, af-a-no-sto'-ma) 

Aphelandra* (af-el-an'-dra) 

Aphelinidae (af-el-in'-id-e) 



APHELINUS 27 

Aphelinus (af-el-i'-nus) 

Aphelocoma (af-e-lo'-ko-ma) 

Aphelopus (af-e'-lo-pus) 

Aphididae (a-ficT-i-de) 

aphis (a'-fis, pi. a'-fid-ez) 

aphlebia (af-leb'-i-a) 

aphodal (af-6d-al) 

Aphodiidae (af-o-dl'-i-de) 

Aphodius (af-od'-i-us) 

Aphorista (af-or-ist'-a) 

aphorodemus (a-for-od'-em-us) not bearing a body. 

Aphriza (af'-ri-za) 

Aphrophora (af-rof'-6r-a) 

Aphyllon* (a'-fil-on) 

aphyllus (a-fil'-us) leafless. 

apiary (a/-pi-er-i) 

apical (a'-pik-al; a/-pik-al) 

apicalis (a-pik-a'-lis) concerning or of the top. 

apiculture (ap-i-kul'-tur) 

Apidae (ap'-i-de) 

apiferus (ap-if -er-us) bee-bearing. 

Apios* (ap'-i-os) 

Apistes (ap-is'-tez) 

Apium* (ap'-i-um, a'-pi-um) 

Aplectrum* (a-plek'-trum) 

Aplodontia (ap-lo-don'-shi-a) 

Aplopappus* (ap-16-pap'-us) 

aplostemonous (ap-lo-stem'-on-us) 

Aplysia (ap-lis'-i-a) 

Apochrysidae (ap-o-kris'-i-de) 

Apocynum* (a-pos'-i-num) 

Apoda (ap'-6-da) 



28 APODEME 

apodeme (a'-po-dem) 

Apodemus (a-pod'-e-mus) 

Apodes (ap'-o-dez) 

apodus (ap'-od-us) without feet. 

Aponogeton* (a-pon-6-je'-ton) 

apophysis (ap-of'-i-sis, pi. ap-of'-is-ez) 

aporogamy (a-por-og'-am-i) 

aporrhysa (ap-or'-is-a) 

aposematic (ap-os-em-at'-ic) 

aposporogony (ap-6-sp6r-og'-6n-i) 

Apostraphia (ap-os-traf'-i-a) 

appendage (ap-en'-dej, ap-en'-daj) 

applanatus (ap-lan-a'-tus) to, toward, flattened. 

appositus (ap-oz'-i-tus) placed near, added to. 

appropinquatus (ap-rop-in-kwa/-tus) drawing near. 

apricot (a/-pri-kot, ap'-ri-kot) 

apricus (a-pri'-kus) lying open, exposed; also, 

coming from the south. 
Aptenia* (ap-te'-ni-a) 
Aptenodytes (ap-ten-6-dl'-tez) 
Aptera (ap'-ter-a) 
Apus (a'-pus) 
aquarium (ak-wa'-ri-um) 
aquatic (a-kwat'-ik, a-kwot'-ik) 
aquaticus (a-kwa'-ti-kus) growing in or near water, 
aquatilis (a-kwa/ -til-is) living or growing in or 

near water. 
Aquifolium* (ak-wi-fol'-i-um, ak-wi-fo'-li-um) 
Aquila (ak'-wi-la) 
Aquilegia* (ak-wi-le'-ji-a) 
aquiline (ak'-wi-lin) 
aquilinus (ak-wil-i'-nus) pertaining to an eagle. 



ARA 



29 



Ara (a'-ra, a'-ra) 
Arabidopsis* (ar-a-bi-dop'-sis) 
Arabis* (ar'-a-bis) 



Arabis. New Latin <Gr. Arabis, Arabian. Ac- 
cent on first syllable which contains a short a. 
Pronounced: ar'-a-bis. 




Arachis* (ar'-a-kis) 

arachnites (a-rak-nit'-ez) spider-like. 

Aradidae (a-rad'-i-de) 

Aradus (ar'-ad-us) 

aralensis (ar-al-en'-sis) from the Aral Sea. 

Aralia* (a-ra'-li-a) 

Aramus (ar'-a-mus) 

Aranea (a-ra'-ne-a) 

araneus (a-ra'-ne-us) pertaining to a spider. 

araniferus (a-ra-ni'-fer-us) spider-bearing. 

Araucaria* (ar-6-ka'-ri-a) 

Arbacia (ar-ba'-shi-a) 

arboreal (ar-bo'-re-al) 

arboretum (ar-bor-e'-tum) 

arboreus (ar-bo'-re-us) tree-like. 

arbuscula (ar-bus'-ku-la) a little tree. 

Arbutus* (ar'-bu-tus) 

Arcella (ar-sel'-a) 



30 ARCEUTHOBIUM 

Arceuthobium* (ar-su-tho'-bi-um) 

Archaeopteryx (ar-ke-op'-ter-iks) 

archegonium (ar-ke-go'-ni-um) 

archenteron (ark-en'-ter-on) 

archespore (ar'-ke-spor) 

archetypal (ar'-ke-tip-al) 

Archilochus (ar-ki-lo'-kus) 

Archippus (ar-kip'-us) name of a Greek poet. 

Archytas (ar'-ki-tas) 

Arctictis (ark-tik'-tis) 

arcticus (ark'-ti-kus) arctic, northern. 

Arctiidae (ark-ti'-i-de) 

Arctium* (ark'-shi-um; ark'-ti-um) 

Arctomys (ark'-to-mis) 

Arctostaphylos* (ark-to-staf'-i-los) 

arcuatus (ar-ku-a/-tus) bent, curved. 

arcularius (ar-ku-la'-ri-us) pertaining to or of a box. 

arculus (ar'-ku-lus) 

Ardea (ar'-de-a) 

ardens (ar'-denz) glowing, fiery. 

Ardetta (ar-det'-a) 

Areca (ar'-e-ka, a-re'-ka) 

Arecastrum* (ar-e-kas'-trum) 

arefactus (a-re-fak'-tus) dried up, broken down, 

withered. 
Arenaria* (a-re-na'-ri-a) 

arenarius (a-re-na'-ri-us) of or pertaining to sand. 
Arenicola (ar-en-ik'-61-a) 
arenicolor (ar-en-i'-kul-or) sand+color. 
areniferus (ar-en-if'-er-us) sand-bearing. 
Arenivaga (ar-en-i-va'-ga) 
arenosus (ar-e-no'-sus) 



AREOLA 31 

areola (ar-e'-o-la) 

areolar (ar-re'-6-lar) 

Arethusa* (ar-e-thti'-sa) 

argali (ar'-ga-li) Mongolian word for sheep. 

Argemone* (ar-je-mo'-ne) 

argenteus (ar-jen'-te-us) silvery-white. 

Argidae (ar'-ji-de) 

argillaceus (ar-jil-a/-se-us) of clay, clay-colored. 

Argiope (ar-ji'-6-pe) 

Argusianus (ar-gus-i-a'-nus) 

argutus (ar-gu'-tus) bright, lively, noisy, rattling; 

also, sharp, pungent, sly, etc. 
Argynnis* (ar-ji'-nis) 
argyreus (ar-ji'-re-us) silvery. 
argyroneurus (ar-jir-on-ii'-rus) silver-nerved or 

-threaded. 
Argyropa (ar-ji-ro'-pa) 
Argyropidae (ar-ji-rop'-i-de) 
Argythamnia* (ar-ji-tham'-ni-a) 
aridus (ar'-id-us) withered, dry. 
arietinus (ar-i-et-i'-nus) like a ram's head. 
aril (ar'-il) 
Arilus (ar'-il-us) 
Arisaema* (ar-i-se'-ma) 
aristatus (ar-is-ta'-tus) furnished with an awn, 

having ears of corn. 
Aristida* (ar-ist'-ida) 

Aristolochia* (ar-is-to-lo'-ki-a), ar-is-to-lok'-i-a) 
Aristonetta (ar-ist-o-net'-a) 
aristotelian (ar-ist-ot-el'-i-an) 
Arixeniidae (ar-iks-en-l'-i-de) 
Arizona (a-ri-zo'-na) 



32 ARMENIUS 

armenius (ar-me'-ni-us) of Armenia. 

Armeria* (ar-me'-ri-a) 

armigerus (ar-mi'-jer-us) armor bearing, armed. 

Armoracia* (ar-mo-ra'-shi-a) ; ar-mor-a'-si-a) 

Arnica* (ar'-ni-ka) 

Arnoseris* (ar-nos'-er-is) 

aromaticus (ar-om-at'-ik-us) spicy, fragrant. 

Aronicum (ar-o-ni'-kum) 

Arquetella (ar-kwe-tel'-a) 

arrector (ar-ek'-tor) 

arrenotokous (ar-en-ot'-6-kus) 

Arrhenatherum* (ar-en-a'-ther-um) 

arrhizus (ar-iz'-us) without roots. 

arsipus (ar'-si-pus) with elevated or raised foot. 

Artabotrys* (ar-tab'-ot-ris) 

Artamus (ar'-ta-mus) 

Artediellus (ar-ted-i-el'-us) 

Artemia (ar-te'-mi-a) 

Artemisia* (ar-te-mis'-i-a, ar-te-mish'-i-a) 

Arthrodira (ar-thro-di'-ra) 

Arthrolobium* (ar-thro-lo'-bi-um, ar-thro-lob'- 
i-um) 

Arthromacra (ar-thro-mak'-ra) 

arthropod (ar'-thro-pod) 

Arthropoda (ar-throp'-o-da) 

Artibeus (ar-ti'-be-us) 

articulatus (ar-ti-kul-a'-tus) jointed, furnished 
with joints. 

artus (ar'-tus) close, confined, short, straight, nar- 
row. 

Arum* (a'-rum) 

arundinaceus (a-run-di-na'-se-us) reed-like. 



ARUNDINARIA 



33 



Artemisia. Named in honor of Artemis. To this name 
is appended the Latin or Greek -ia, an ending often 
added to commemorative names. The i of the ante- 
penult is short which takes the accent. Pronounced: 
ar-te-mis'-i-a. 




Arundinaria* (a-run-di-na'-ri-a) 

Arundo* (a-run'-do) 

arvalis (ar-va'-lis) of cultivated field, growing on 

arable land. 
Arvicanthis (ar-vi-kan'-this) 
Arvicola (ar-vik'-o-la) 
arytenoid (ar-i-te'-noyd, a-rit'-e-noyd 
Asaphes (as'-a-fez) 
Asarum* (as'-ar-um) 
Ascalaphidae (as-ka-laf'-i-de) 
Ascaphus (as-ka'-fus) 
Ascaridae (as-ka'-ri-de) 
Ascaris (as'-ka-ris) 
Ascetta (a-set'-a) 

Aschelminthes (ask-hel-min'-thez) 
ascidium (a-sid'-i-um) 
Asclepias* (as-kle'-pi-as) 
Asclepiodora* (as-kle-pi-o-do'-ra) 
Asclera (as'-kle-ra) 
ascogenous (as-koj'-en-us) 



34 ASCOMYCETES 

Ascomycetes* (as-ko-ml-se'-tez) 

ascyphous (as'-i-fus) 

Ascyrum* (a-sl'-rum) 

asellus (as-el'-us) a small ass. 

asemus (a'-se-mus) without a flag, i.e., without 

distinguishing mark. 
asepsis (a-sep'-sis) 
asexual (a-seks'-u-al) 
asilid (a-sil'-id) 
Asilidae (a-sil'-i-de) 
Asilus (a-sil'-us) 
Asimina* (a-sim'-i-na) 
asininus (a-sin-l'-nus) of or produced by an ass; 

also foolish. 
asio (a'-si-o) a horned owl. 
asomatus (as-om'-at-us) incorporeal. 
asparagoides (as-par-ag-o-i'-dez) asparagus-like. 
Asparagus* (as-par'-a-gus) 

Aspasia (as-pa/-shi-a) Aspasia, friend of Socrates. 
aspera (a'-sper-a) rough, uneven, fern, of asper. 
asperatus (as-per-a/-tus) made rough, uneven; 

also, exasperating. 
Aspergillus* (as-per-jil'-us) 
aspernatus (as-per-na/-tus) despised, rejected, 
aspersus (a-sper'-sus) scattered, sprinkled over 

with, bespattered. 
Asperugo* (as-pe-roo'-go) 
Asperula* (as-per'-ul-a) 
Asphodelus* (as-fod'-el-us) 
Aspidistra* (as-pid-is'-tra) 
Aspidium (as-pid'-i-um) 
Aspidonectes (as-pi-do-nek'-tez) 



ASPILA 35 

Aspila (as'-pi-la) 

Asplenium (as-ple'-ni-um) 

assessor (as-es'-6r) an aide, he that sits by one. 

assimilation (a-sim-i-la/-shun) 

assimilis (a-sim'-il-is) similar, like. 

association (a-so-si-a'-shun, a-so-shi-a/-shun) 

Astacus (as'-tak-us) 

Asterias (as-te'-ri-as) 

Asterophrys (as-te-rof'-ris) 

asthenic (as-then'-ik) 

asthma (az'-ma, as'-ma) 

Astilbe* (a-stil'-be) 

astomatous (as-tom'-at-us) 

astomous (as'-tom-us) 

astomus (as'-tom-us) without a mouth. 

Astragalinus (as-trag-al-i'-nus) 

Astragalus* (as-trag'-a-lus) 

Astrantia* (as-tran'-shi-a) 

astreans (as'-tre-anz) star-like, gleaming like a 

star. 
Astur (as'-ter) 
Astyanax (as-tl'-a-naks) 
asymmetrical (a-si-met'-ri-kal) 
asyndetus (a-sin'-det-us) without connection. 
Atamasco* (at-am-as'-ko) 
Atamisquea* (at-am-is'-kwe-a) 
atavic (at-av'-ik) 
atavism (at'-av-izm) 
atavus (at'-a-vus) an ancestor. 
Ateleopus (at-e-le'-o-pus) 
ateleosis (a-tel-e-o'-sis) 
Atelerix (a-tel'-er-iks) 



36 ATELES 

Ateles (at'-e-lez) 

ater (a'-ter) black. 

aterrimus (a-ter'-i-mus) pronouncedly black. 

Athene (ath-e'-ne) 

Atherinidae (a-ther-in'-i-de) 

Atherura (ath-e-rQ'-ra) 

Athyrium* (a-thir'-i-um) 

Athysanus* (a-this'-an-us) 

atmosteon (at-mos'-te-on) 

atokus (at'-ok-us) 

atoll (a-tol', at'ol) 

Atragene* (a-traj'-e-ne) 

atratus (a-tra'-tus) dressed in black. 

atretic (a-tre'-tik) 

atricapillus (a-tri-kap-il'-us) black-haired, black- 
capped. 

atricristatus (a-tri-kris-ta'-tus) black+combed, 
tufted, crested. 

Atriplex* (at'-ri-pleks) 

atrium (a/-tri-um, pi. a'-tri-a) a room, a hallway. 

atrofuscus (a-tro-fus'-kus) dark-brown. 

atrogularis (a-tro-gul-a/-ris) with black throat. 

Atropa* (at'-rop-a) 

Atropidae (a-trop'-i-de) 

atrorubens (a-tro-rub'-enz) black, dark red. 

atrous (a'-trus) 

atrovirens (a-tro'-vir-enz) blackish-green. 

atrox (a/-troks) fierce, horrible, dark, gloomy. 

Attagenus (at-a-jen'-us) 

Atypinae (at-i-pl'-ne) 

Atypus (at'-i-pus) 

Aucuba* (6-kQ'-ba) 



AUCHENIUM 



37 



auchenium (o-ke'-ni-um) 

aucuparius (6-kup-a/-ri-us) watched for. 

audax (o'-daks) spirited, audacious. 

augescens (o-jes'-enz) increasing, multiplying. 

Aulostoma (o-los'-to-ma) 

aurantiacus (o-ran-ti'-ak-us) orange-colored. 

auratus (or-a'-tus) gilded, covered with gold. 

Aurelia (o-re'-li-a) 




Aurelia <L. Aurelia (lit. golden), a feminine name. The accent falls on the 
antepenult which contains a long e. Pronounced: 6-re'-li-a. 



aureus (o'-re-us) of gold, golden. 
auricestus (6r-i-kes'-tus) with golden girdle. 
auricomus (6-rik'-om-us) with golden hair, with 

golden foliage. 
auricula (o-rik'-u-la) 
Auriparus (6-ri'-pa-rus) 

auritus (o-ri'-tus) with ears, having large ears. 
aurochs (o'-roks, ou'-roks) 
austerus (os-te'-rus) harsh, tart; also, severe, rigid, 

stern, troublesome, 
australis (os-stra'-lis) southern, 
austriacus (6s-tri'-ak-us) belonging to the south. 



38 AUSTRINUS 

austrinus (o-stri'-nus) southern. 
autochthon (o-tok'-thon) 
autochthonous (6-tok'-thon-us) 
Autodetus (6-tod'-e-tus) 
autoecious (6-te'-shi-us) 
autolysis (o-tol'-is-is) 
Autolytus (6-tor-i-tus) 




Autolytus <Gr. auto- <aulos self -\-lytos, 
dissolvable. A marine annelid. Pro- 
nounced: 6-tol'-i-tus, not 6-to-lI'-tus. 



-MVD, S<? 



Automeris (6t-om'-er-is) 

autosome (o'-to-som) 

autotomy (6-tot'-6-mi) 

autotrophic (6-to-trof-ik) 

autotropic (6-to-trop'-ik) 

autumnalis (6-tum-na/-lis) belonging to autumn. 

auxin (ok'sin) 

avarus (av-a'-rus) greedy. 

Avena* (av-e'-na) 

avenaceus (av-e-na'-se-us) of oats. 

aveniform (av-e'-ni-form) having the form of oats. 

Averrhoa* (av-e-ro'-a) 

aversus (a-ver'-sus) turned away, bent back. 



AVES 39 

Aves (a/-vez) 

Avicennia* (av-i-sen'-i-a) 

avicularis (av-ik-ul-a'-ris) pertaining to little 

birds. 
avitus (av-i'-tus) ancestral. 
avium (a'-vi-um) a desert, a wilderness, 
avius (a'-vi-us) remote, solitary, lonely. 
avocet (av'-o-set) 
axcipetal (aks-ip'et-al) 
axilla (ak-sil'-a, ak'-sil-a) 

axillaris (ak-sil-a/-ris) borne in axils, axillary, 
axis (ak'-sis, pi. ak'-sez) 
axon (aks'-on) 
Axonopus* (aks-on'-o-pus) 
Ayenia* (a-ye'-ni-a) 
Azalea* (a-za'-le-a, a-za'-le-a) 
Azolla* (a-zol'-a) 
azureus (az-u'-re-us) azure-blue, 
azygoid (az'-i-goyd) 
azygous (az'-i-gus) 

B 

Babiana* (ba-bi-a/-na) 

Babirussa (bab-i-ru'-sa) 

baccans (bak'-anz) with berries, berry-like, pulpy, 

baccatus (bak-a'-tus) berried. 

Baccharis* (bak'-a-ris) 

baccifer (bak'-sif-er) berry bearing. 

bacciferous (bak-sif'-er-us) 

bacciform (bak'-si-form) 

bacillary (ba-sil'-ar-i) 

bacilliparous (bas-il-ip'-ar-us) 



40 BACTERIUM 

bacterium (bak-ter'-i-um) 

Bactrocerus (bak-tro'-se-rus) 

bacula (ba/-kul-a) a small berry. 

baculiferus (ba-kul-i'-fer-us) bearing rods or reeds. 

baculum (bak'-ul-um) a stick, staff, rod, support. 

Bacunculidae (bak-un-ku'-li-de) 

badius (bad'-i-us) brown, chestnut-brown. 

Baeocera (be-os'-er-a) 

Baeolophorus (be-ol-of-or-us) 

Baetidae (be'-ti-de) 

Bahia (ba-e'-a) 

Baiomys (bi'-6-mis) 

Balaeniceps (bal-e'-ni-seps) 

Balaenoptera (bal-e-nop'-ter-a) 

Balaninus (bal-an-l'-nus) 

Balanosphyra (bal-a-no-sfl'-ra) 

Balanus (bal'-a-nus) 

Balearica (bal-e-ar'-ik-a) 

baliolus (bal-i'-o-lus) dark, swarthy, chestnut- 
colored. 

Balistes (bal-is'-tez) 

Ballota* (bal-o'-ta) 

balsam (bor-sam) 

balsameus (bal-sam'-e-us) having the soothing 
qualities of balm. 

balsamiferus (bal-sam-if'-er-us) balsam-bearing. 

balsamifluus (bal-sam-if'-lu-us) balsam-yielding. 

Bambusa (bam-bti'-sa) 

Bambusicola (bam-bii-sik'-o-la) 

bambusoides (bam-bu-so-i'-dez) bamboo-like. 

Bandicota (ban-di-ko'-ta) 

Barbarea* (bar-bar-e'-a) 



BARBARUS 41 

barbarus (bar'-bar-us) foreign. 

barbatus (bar-ba/-tus) bearded. 

barbigerus (bar-bi'-je-rus) having a beard. 

Barosaurus (bar-o-so'-rus) 

basalis (ba'-sal-is) basal. 

Basella* (bas-el'-a) 

Basidiomycetes (bas-id-i-o-ml-se'-tez) 

basifixed (ba'-sif-iksd) 

basifugal (ba-sif'-u-gal) 

basilaris (bas-il-a/-ris) pertaining to the base. 

Basileuterus (bas-il-u'-ter-us) 

Basiliscus (bas-il-isk'-us) 

Basilona (bas-il-on'-a) 

bassalia (bas-a/-li-a) 

Bassaricyon (bas-a-ri'-si-on) 

Bassariscus (bas-a-ris'-kus) 

Bathyergus (bath-i-er'-gus) 

Batis* (ba'-tis) 

Batrachoseps (bat-ra'-ko-seps) 

batrachostomus (bat-ra-kos'-to-mus) 

Batrachus (bat'-ra-kus) 

Batrisodes (bat-ris-od'-ez) 

Bdellostoma (del-os'-to-ma) 

Bdeloura (de-lu'-ra) 

Bdeogale (de-og'-a-le) 

Begonia* (be-go'-ni-a) 

Belamcanda* (bel-am-kan'-da) 

Belemnite (bel'-em-nlt) 

bellicosus (bel-i-ko'-sus) full of fight. 

Bellis* (bel'-is) 

Bellophis (bel'-of-is) 

Beloperone* (bel-o-per'-on-e, bel-o-per-o'-ne) 



42 BELOSTOMATIDAE 

Belostomatidae (bel-os-to-mat'-i-de) 

Belyla (bel-ll'-a) 

Bembicidae (bem-bis'-i-de) 

Bembidium (bem-bid'-i-um) 

Berberis* (ber'-be-ris, ber'-ber-is) 

Bernicla (ber'-ni-kla) 

Beroe (ber'-o-e) 

Berothidae (ber-oth'-i-de) 

Berteroa* (ber-ter-o'-a) 

Berula* (ber'-u-la) 

Beryx (ber'-iks) 

Bessera* (bes'-er-a) 

Beta* (be'-ta) 

betae (be'-te) of the beet. 

Bethylidae (beth-il'-i-de) 

Betonica* (bet-on'-i-ka) 

Bettongia (bet-on'-ji-a) 

Betula* (bet'-u-la) 

Bibio (bib'-i-o) 

Bibos (bl'-bos) 

bicarinatus (bik-ar-in-a'-tus) with two keels. 

bicipital (bis-ip'-it-al) 

bicodulus (bik-od'-ul-us) with two tails. 

bicolor (bik'-ol-or) two-colored. 

bicornis (bik-or'-nis) two-horned. 

bicors (bik'-orz) having two hearts, false. 

bicrenatus (bik-re-na'-tus) twice scalloped. 

bicruris (bik'-rur-is) with two limbs. 

Bidens* (bi'-denz, bid'-enz) 

biennis (bi-en'-is) lasting two years. 

bifarius (bif-ar'-i-us) double, in two ways. 

bifid (bif'-id, bl'-fid) 



BIFIDUS 43 

bifidus (bif'-id-us) divided into two parts, cleft. 
biflorus (bif-lo'-rus) two-flowered. 
biforous (bif-6r-us) 
bifrons (bif'-ronz) two-fronded. 
bigemminate (bi-jem'-i-nat) 
Bignonia* (big-no'-ni-a) 
bijugate (bi'-ju-gat) 
bijugus (bij'-ug-us) 
bilineatus (bil-in-e-a/-tus) two-lined, 
bilituratus (bil-it-ur-a'-tus) twice blotted out. 
bilocularis (bil-ok-u-la/-ris) with two compart- 
ments. 
bimerus (bim'-er-us) 
bimus (bi'-mus) lasting two years. 
binaevatus (bin-e-va'-tus) two-spotted, 
binarius (bl-na'-ri-us) 
binocular (bin-ok'-u-ler; bi-nok'-ii-ler) 
binoculatus (bin-ok-ul-a'-tus) 
binominal (bl-nom'-i-nal) 
biota (bi-o'-ta; bl'-ot-a) 
biotonus (bl-ot'-on-us) 
biparous (bip'-ar-us) 
bipedal (bi-pe'-dal, bip'-ed-al) 
bipes (bi'-pez) two-footed. 
bipinnaria (bl-pi-na'-ri-a) 
bipunctatus (bip-unk-ta'-tus) two-spotted. 
biramose (bi-ram'-os) 
bisnaga (bis-na'-ga) 
bisulcus (bis-ul'-kus) twice-parted, 
bitegmous (bl-teg'-mus) 
Bitis (bi'-tis) 
Bittacidae (bi-tas'-i-de) 



44 BITTIUM 

Bittium (bit'-i-um) 
bivalent (bl-va'-lent, biv'-a-lent) 
bivittatus (biv-it-a'-tus) twice bound with a head- 
band. 
Bixa* (biks'-a) 

blandus (blan'-dus) smooth, agreeable, pleasant. 
Blapstinus (blap'-sti-nus) 
Blarina (bla-rl'-na) 
blastema (blast'-em-a; blast-em'-a) 
Blastocerus (blas-tos'-er-us) 
blastomere (blas'-to-mer) 
blastula (blas'-tii-la, pi. blas'-tu-le) 
Blattaria (blat-ar'-i-a) 
Blattidae (blat'-i-de) 
Blechnum* (blek'-num) 
Bleo* (ble'-o) 

Blepharidachne* (blef-ar-i-dak'-ne) 
blepharoplast (blef'-ar-6-plast, blef-ar'-o-plast) 
Blephila* (blef-il'-i-a) 
Blighia* (bll'-i-a) 
Blissus (blis'-us) 
Blitum* (bll'-tum) 
Blumeanum* (blu-me-a'-num) 
Blysmus* (bliz'-mus) 
Bochus (bok'-us) 
Boehmeria* (bo-me'-ri-a) 
Boerhaavia* (boor-ha'-vi-a) 
Bolboxalis* (bol-bok'-sa-lis) 
Boletus* (bo-le'-tus) 
Bomarea* (bom-a'-re-a, bo-ma'-re-a) 
Bombinator (bom-bi-na/-tor) 
Bombycidae (bom-bis'-i-de) 



BOMBYCILLA 45 

Bombycilla (bom-bi-sil'-a) 

Bombyliidae (bom-bi-ll'-i-de) 

Bonasa (bon-a'-sa) 

bonasus (bon-a'-sus) a buffalo. 

Boopiidae (bo-op-i'-i-de) 

Borago* (bo-ra'-go) 

borealis (bor-e-a/-lis) of the north. 

Boreidae (bo-re'-i-de) 

Boreomyia (bor-e-o-mi'-i-a) 

Boriomyia (bor-i-o-ml'-i-a) 

Boromys (bo'-ro-mis) 

Borus (bor'-us) 

Boselaphus (bos-el'-a-fus) 

Bostrichidae (bos-trik'-i-de) 

Bostrichus* (bos'-trik-us) 

botanodes (bot-an-o'-dez) herbaceous. 

Botaurus (bo-tor'-us) 

Bothrops (bo'-throps, both'-rops) 

Botrychium* (bo-trik'-i-um) 

Botryllus (bot-ril'-us) 

botryoidal (bot-ri-o-l'-dal) 

botrytis (bot-rl'-tis) racemose. 

Botula (bot'-u-la) 

Bougainvillea* (boo-gin-vil'-le-a, boo-gan-vil'-le-a) 

bovine (bo'-vln; bo'-vin) 

Bovista* (bo-vis'-ta) 

Boweia* (bo-we'-i-a) 

Boykinia* (boy-kin'-i-a) 

bracatus (brak-at'-us) with breeches. 

brachelytra (brak-el'-i-tra) 

brachial (bra'-ki-al) 

Brachiaria* (brak-i-ar'-i-a) 



46 BRACHIATE 

brachiate (bra'-ki-at) 

brachium (bra'-ki-um, brak'-i-um) 

Brachycera* (brak-i'-ser-a) 

Brachychaeta* (brak-i-ke'-ta) 

Brachycome* (brak-ik'-om-e) 

brachydactyly (brak-i-dak'-til-i) 

Brachyelytrum* (brak-i-el'-it-rum) 

Brachylaena* (brak-il-e'-na) 

Brachyphylla (brak-i-fiT-a) 

Brachypodium* (brak-i-po'-di-um) 

brachyptera (brak-ip'-ter-a) short-finned or 

winged, 
brachypus (brak'-i-pus) broad-foot. 
Brachyris* (brak-l'-ris) 
Brachystola (brak-is'-to-la) 
Bracon (bra'-kon) 
Braconidae (bra-kon'-i-de) 
Bradypus (brad'-i-pus) 
branchelion (brang-ker-i-on) 
branchia (brang-ki'-a) 
branchiopod (brang'-ki-o-pod) 
Branchiostoma (brang-ki-os'-to-ma) 
Branchipus (brang'-ki-pus) 
Brandegia* (bran-de'-ji-a) 
Brasenia* (bra-sen'-i-a) 
Brassavola* (bras-a'-vo-la) 
Brassica* (bras'-i-ka) 
Braya* (bra/-ya) 
bregma (breg'-ma) 
Bregmaceros (breg-mas'-e-ros) 
brephic (bref'-ik) 
brevicalyx (brev-ik-al'-iks) with short calyx. 



BREVICOMIS 47 

brevicomis (brev-i-ko'-mis) brief or shortly oblig- 
ing. 

breviculus (brev-i'-ku-lus) a little short. 

brevifimbriatus (brev-if-im-bri-a'-tus) short- 
fringed. 

brevilabrus (brev-i'-la-brus) with short lip. 

brevipes (brev'-ip-ez) with brief or small foot. 

brevis (brev'-is) short. 

Breviscapa* (brev-is-ka/-pa) 

brevistylus (brev-is-ti'-lus) short-styled. 

brevitubus (brev-i-tu'-bus) with short tube. 

Briza* (bri'-za) 

brizoides (bri-zo-i'-dez) 

brochus (brok'-us) with projecting teeth. 

Brodiaea* (bro-di-e'-a) 

Bromius (brom'-i-us) 

bromoides (brom-o-i'-dez) 

Bromus* (brom'-us, bro'-mus) 

Brongniartia* (bron-yar'-ti-a) 

Brotogeris (bro-toj'-er-is) 

Broussonetia* (brus-son-e'-ti-a) 

Browalia* (bro-wal'-i-a) 

Bruchus* (bru'-kus) 

brumalis (bru-mal'-is) wintery, pertaining to the 
shortest day. 

Brunfelsia* (brun-fel'-shi-a) 

brunneus (brun'-e-us) brown. 

Bryaxis (brl-aks'-is) 

Brycon (brl'-kon) 

Bryonia* (brl-o'-ni-a) 

Bryophyta (brl-of'-ita) 

Bubalis (bu'-ba-lis) 



48 BUBALUS 

bubalus (bu'-ba-lus) of the wild-ox. 
Bubo (bu'-bo) 
bucca (buk'-a, pi. buk'-e) 
buccal (buk'-al) 

buccatus (buk-at'-us) big-jawed, with big cheeks, 
buccinatorius (buk-sin-at-or'-i-us) known, pro- 
claimed. 
Buccinum (buk'-si-num) 
bucephalus (bu-sef -al-us) bull-headed. 
Buceros (bii'-ser-os) 
Buchloe* (bu-klo'-e) 
Bucida* (bii'-sid-a) 
buculus (bii'-ku-lus) a bullock. 
Bucyon (bu'-si-on) 
Buddleja* (bud'-le-ya) 
Bufo (bu'-fo) 
Bufonidae (bu-fon'-id-e) 
bufonis (bu-fo'-nis) of toads. 
bufonius (bu-fon'-i-us) having to do with toads. 
Bugula (bu / -gu-la) 

bulbifera (bulb-if'-er-a) bulb-bearing. 
Bulgaria* (bul-ga'-ri-a) 
Bulimus (bu'-li-mus) 
bulla (boo'-la) 

bullatus (bul-a'-tus) inflated. 
Bumelia* (bu-me'-li-a) 
Bungarus (bung'-ga-rus) 
Bunium* (bu'-ni-um) 
bunodont (bu'-no-dont) 
bunoid (bu'-noyd) 

bunophilus (bu-no'-fil-us) hill-loving. 
Buphaga (bu'-fa-ga) 



BUPHTHALMUM 49 

Buphthalmum* (bui-thal'-mum) 

Bupleurum* (bu-plu'-rum) 

Burhinus (bu-ri'-nus) 

burrus (bur'-us) red. 

bursa (bur'-sa, pi. bur r -se) a pouch. 

bursarius (bur-sa'-ri-us) pouched. 

Bursera* (bur'-ser-a) 

bursiformis (bur-si-for'-mis) pouch-shaped, 
pocket-like. 

Busycon (bu-si'-kon) 

Buteo (bu'-te-o) 

Buthus (bu'-thus) 

Butia* (bu'-ti-a) 

Butomus* (bu'-to-mus) 

Butorides (bu-tor-i'-dez) 

buxifolius (buks-i-fol'-i-us, buks-i-fo'-li-us) box- 
leaved. 

Buxus* (buk'-sus) 

Bycanistes (bik-an-is'-tez) 

Byrrhus (bir'-us) 

Byrsonima* (bir-son'-im-a) 

byssus (bis'-us, pi. bis'-us-ez) 

Bystropogon* (bis-trop-o'-gon) 

Byturus* (bit-ti'-rus) 



caballus (ka-bal'-us) an inferior pony, a nag. 

Cabomba* (kab-om'-ba) 

Cacalia* (kak-a/-li-a) 

Cacatua (kak-a-tu'-a) 

cachinnans (kak'-in-anz) laughing. 



50 CADAVER 

cadaver (ka-da'-ver, pi. ka-da'-ver-a; ka-da'-ver) 

cadaveric (ka-dav'-er-ik) 

caddis (kad'-is) 

caducous (kad-u'-kus) 

Cadulus (kad'-u-lus) 

Caecidotea* (se-si-do-te'-a) 

Caeciliidae (se-si-ll'-i-de) 

caecum (se'-kum) 

caecus (se'-kus) blind; also, hidden, obscure. 

caelatus (se-la'-tus) carved, engraved. 

caelebs (se'-lebz) unmarried, single. 

Caenidae (se'-ni-de) 

Caenolestes (se-no-les'-tez) 

caenosus (se-no'-sus) muddy. 

caerulescens (se-rul-es'-senz) becoming blue. 

caeruleus (se-ru'-le-us) dark-colored, dark blue or 

green, blue like the surface of the sea. 
Caesalpinia* (ses-al-pin'-i-a) 
caesius (se'-si-us) bluish-gray. 
caespitosus (se-spi-to'-sus) tufted. 
cafer (kaf'-er) of Caffraria (Kafir). 
caffer (kaf'-er) Kafir (Kaffir), in South Africa. 
Caiman (ka'-man) 
Cairina (ka-rl'-na) 
Cajanus* (ka-ja'-nus) 
Cakile* (ka-ki'-le) 
Caladium* (kal-a'-di-um) 
Calamagrostis* (kal-a-ma-gros'-tis) 
Calamites* (kal-am-l'-tez) 
Calamoceratidae (kal-a-mo-ser-at'-i-d<? I 
Calamospiza (kal-a-mo-sp!z'-a ) 
Calamovilfa* (kal-a-mo-vil'-f ) 



CALANDRINIA 51 

Calandrinia* (kal-an-dri'-ni-a) 

Calanthe* (ka-lan'-the) 

calathinus (kal-ath-l'-nus) basket-like. 

calcaratus (kal-kar-a/-tus) spurred. 

calcareous (kal-ka'-re-us, kal-kar'-e-us) 

calcareus (kal-ka'-re-us) pertaining to lime. 

Calcarius (kal-ka'-ri-us) 

calefacient (kal-e-fa'-shent) 

Calendula* (kal-en'-du-la) 

calendulus (kal-en'-dul-us) of the first of the 
month. 

Calendulus (kal-en'-du-lus) 

Calidris (kal-id'-ris) 

calidus (kal'-i-dus) warm, hot. 

caligatus (kal-i-ga'-tus) booted, wearing boots. 

Caligatus (kal-i-ga'-tus) 

caliginosus (ka-ll-jin-os'-us) obscure, dark, cov- 
ered with mist. 

Calimeris* (kal-im'-er-is) 

calines (kal'-enz) 

Caliphruria* (kal-if-ru'-ri-a) 

Calistemma* (kal-is-tem'-a) 

Calla* (kal'-a) 

Calledapteryx (kal-ed-ap'-ter-iks) 

Callianassa (kal-i-an-as'-a) 

Calliandra* (kal-i-an'-dra) 

callianthemus (kal-i-an'-the-mus) beautiful-flow- 
ered. 

Callicarpa* (kal-i-kar'-pa) 

Calligonum (kal-ig'-on-um) 

Calligrapha (kal-ig'-raf-a) 

Callimome (kal-im-om'-e) 



52 CALLIOPE 

calliope (kal-l'-o-pe) beautiful-voiced. 

Callirrhoe* (kal-ir'-o-e) 

Callistemon* (kal-i-ste'-mon) 

Callistephus* (kal-is'-te-fus) 

Callitris* (kal-it'-ris, kal-i'-tris) 

Callimomidae (kal-i-mom'-i-de) 

Callipepla (kal-i-pep'-la) 

Calliphoridae (kal-i-for'-i-de) 

Callisaurus (kal-i-sor'-us) 

Callitriche* (kal-it'-ri-ke) 

Callizia (kal-iz'-i-a) 

Callosobruchus (kal-os-o-bru'-kus) 

Calluella (kal-u-el'-a) 

Calluna* (kal-u'-na) 

Calobata (kal-ob'-at-a) 

Calocalanus (kal-ok-ar-an-us) 

Calocarpon* (kal-o-kar'-pon) 

Calochortus* (kal-ok-or'-tus) 

Calodracon* (kal-od'-rak-on) 

Caloenas (kal-e'-nas) 

calogaster (kal-o-gas'-ter) with beautiful belly. 

Caloglossa* (kal-og-los'-a, kal-og-lo'-sa) 

Calonectris (kal-on-ek'-tris) 

Calonyction* (kal-o-nik'-ti-on) 

Calophaca* (kal-of'-ak-a) 

Calophanes* (kal-of'-an-ez) 

Calopogon* (kal-6-po'-gon) 

Caloptenus (kal-op-te'-nus) 

Calopteron (kal-op'-ter-on) 

Calosoma (kal-o-so'-ma) 

Calotes (kal'-o-tez) 

Calothorax (kal-oth'-or-aks) 



CALTHA 53 

Caltha* (kal'-tha) 

caltrop (kal'-trop) 

calycanthus (kal-ik-an'-thus) calyx-flowered. 

calycine (kal'-i-sin) 

calycinus (kal-is'-in-us, kal-is-In'-us) with persist- 
ent calyx. 

Calycocarpum* (kal-ik-6-kar'-pum) 

Calycodenia* (kal-ik-o-den'-i-a) 

Calycoseris* (kal-ik-o'-ser-is) 

Calycotome* (kal-ik-ot'-om-e, kal-ik-ot-o'-me) 

calyculatus (kal-ik-ul-a/-tus) provided with a 
calyx. 

Calydermos (kal-id-er'-mos) 

Calypso* (kal-ip'-so) 

Calypte (kal-ip'-te) 

Calyptomerus (kal-ip-to-me'-rus) 

calyptraeus (kal-ip-tre'-us) hooded, helmeted. 

Calystegia* (kal-is-te'-ji-a, kal-is-te'-ji-a) 

Calythrix* (kal-ith'-rix) 

calyx (ka'-liks, pi. ka/-li-sez) 

Cambarus (kam'-ba-rus) 

Cambrian (kam'-bri-an) 

cambricus (kam'-bri-kus) of Wales (Cambria). 

Camelina* (kam'-e-li'-na, ka-mel'-i-na) 

Camellia* (ka-mel'-i-a) 

Camelus (ka-me'-lus) 

campaneus (kam-pa'-ne-us) of the field. 

Campanula* (kam-pan'-u-la) 

Campephilus (kam-pe'-fil-us, kam-pef'-il-us) 

campestris (kam-pes'-tris) pertaining to a field, 
even, flat. 

Campodeidae (kam-po-de'-i-de) 



54 CAMPODEIFORM 

campodeiform (kam-po-de'-i-form) 

Camptorhynchus (kam-pto-ring'-kus) 

Canace (kan'-a-se) 

Canachites (kan-a-kl'-tez) 

canalis (kan-a/-lis) a pipe, a groove. 

canariensis (kan-a-ri-en'-sis) belonging to the 

Canary Islands. 
Canavalia* (kan-av-a'-li-a) 
Canbya* (kan'-bi-a) 

candicans (kan'-di-kanz) white, wooly, hoary, 
candidulus (kan-did'-ul-us) shining white. 
candidus (kan'-did-us) pure-white, shining. 
Canella* (kan-el'-a) 

canescens (kan-es'-enz) becoming white or gray. 
Canifa (kan'-if-a) 
canine (ka-nin', ka/-nln) 

caninus (kan-i'-nus) of or pertaining to a dog. 
Canis (ka'-nis) 
Canistrum* (kan-is'-trum) 
Canna (ka'-na) 
Cannabis* (kan'-a-bis) 
Canotia* (kan-o'-ti'-a)) 
cantabricus (kan-tab'-ri-kus) belonging to Cantab- 

ria. 
cantaloupe (kan'-ta-loop) 
Cantatores (kan-ta-to'-rez) 
Cantharidae (kan-thar'-i-de) 
Cantharis (kan'-thar-is) 
Canthon (kan'-thon) 
cantianus (kan-ti-a'-nus) of Kent. 
Cantua* (kan'-tu-a) 
canus (ka'-nus) ash-colored. 



CANUTUS 55 

canutus (ka-nu'-tus) gray, hoary. 

Capella (ka-pel'-a) 

capercaille (kap-er-kal'-ye) 

capibara (kap-i-ba'-ra) 

capillaris (kap-il-a/-ris) of or pertaining to the 

hair. 
capillary (kap'-i-le-ri, ka-pil'-e-ri) 
capillus-veneris (kap-il'-us ven'-er-is) Venus's 

hair. 
capistratus (kap-is-tra'-tus) bridled. 
capitatus (kap-it-a'-tus) headed. 
capitellum (kap-it-er-um) 
Capniidae (kap-nl'-i-de) 
Capparidaceae* (kap-a-ri-da'-se-e) 
capreolate (kap-re'-6-lat, kap'-re-o-lat) 
Capreolus (kap-re'-o-lus) 
Capricornis (kap-ri-kor'-nis) 
Caprimulgidae (kap-ri-mur-ji-de) 
Caprimulgus (kap-ri-mul'-gus) 
Caprinus (kap'-ri-nus) 

capriolatus (kap-ri-ol-a'-tus) having tendrils. 
Capromys (kap'-ro-mis) 
Capsella* (kap-sel'-a) 
capuchin (kap'-u-chin, kap'-u-shen) 
Carabidae (kar-ab'-i-de) 
Carabus (kar'-a-bus) 
Caragana* (kar-a-ga'-na) 
Caralluma* (kar-al-lu'-ma) 
carapace (kar'-a-pas) 
Carcal (kar'-kal) 

carcharias (kar-ka'-ri-as) a kind of dog-fish. 
Carcinides (kar-sin-l'-dez) 



56 CARCOCAPSA 

Carcocapsa (kar-ko-kap'-sa) 

Cardamine* (kar-dam-l'-ne) 

cardamine (kar'-dam-In) 

cardiaca (kar-di'-ak-a) to do with the heart. 

cardinalis (kar-din-a'-lis) cardinal-red; also, chief. 

Cardiospermum* (kar-di-o-sper'-mum) 

cardon* (kar-don') 

carduaceus (kar-du-a'-se-us) thistle-like, a thistle. 

Carduelis (kar-du-e'-lis) 

carduifolius (kar-du-i-fol'-i-us, kar-du-i-fo'-li-us) 

with leaves like the thistle {Carduus). 
Carduus* (kar'-du-us) 
Caretta (kar-et'-a) 
Carex* (ka'-reks) 
Cariama (kar-i-a/-ma) 
Carica* (ka'-ri-ka) 

caricinus (ka-ri-sl'-nus) resembling Carex. 
carina (ka-rl'-na) 
carinate (kar'-i-nat) 
carinatus (kar-i-na'-tus) keeled, 
cariosus (kar-i-o'-sus) decayed, full of holes, 

withered. 
Carissa* (kar-is'-a) 
Carlina* (kar-lln'-a) 
Carludovica* (kar-lud-o-vl'-ka) 
carmineus (kar-min'-e-us) carmine. 
carnerosanus (kar-ne-ro-san'-us) of Carneros Pass, 

Mexico, 
carneus (kar'-ne-us) flesh-colored, 
carnicolor (kar-nik'-ul-6r) flesh-colored, 
carnulentus (kar-nul-en'-tus) like flesh. 
carotid (kar-o'-tid) 



CARPHIBIS 57 

Carphibis (kar'-fi-bis) 

Carphophis (kar-pho'-fis) 

carpinifolius (kar-pi-ni-fol'-i-us, kar-pi-ni-fo'-li-us) 

with leaves like the hornbeam. 
Carpinus* (kar-pl'-nus) 
Carpobrotus* (kar-po-bro'-tus) 
Carpodacus (kar-pod-a'-kus) 
Carpodinus* (kar-pod-l'-nus) 
Carpophilus (kar-pof'-il-us) 
Carrisa* (kar-is'-a) 
Carthamus* (kar'-tha-mus) 
cartilaginus (kar-ti-laj'-in-us) like cartilage. 
Cartodere (kar-to-de'-re) 
Carum* (ka/-rum) 
caruncle (kar'-ung-kl) 
carunculatus (kar-ung-kul-a'-tus) like a little piece 

of flesh. 
Carya* (ka'-ri-a, kar'-i-a) 
caryophyllaceus (kar-i-of-il-la'-se-us) like Cary- 

ophyllum. 
Caryophyllum* (kar-i-of-ir-um) 
Caryopteris* (kar-i-op'-ter-is) 
Caryota* (kar-i-o'-ta) 

caryotideus (kar-i-o-tid'-e-us) like caryota. 
casein (ka'-se-in) 
Casimiroa* (kas-i-mi-ro'-a) 
Casmerodius (kas-mer-od'-i-us) 
caspica (kas'-pik-a) 
Cassandra* (ka-san'-dra) 
cassia (kash'-i-a, kas'-i-a) 
Cassidix (kas'-i-diks) 
Cassiope* (kas-i'-op-e) 



58 CASSIS 

cassis (kas'-is) a helmet. 

Castanea* (kas-tan'-e-a, kas-ta'-ne-a) 

castaneus (kas-ta'-ne-us) chestnut-like. 

Castanospermum* (kas-tan-o-sper'-mum) 

Castela* (kas'-tel-a) 

Castilleja* (kas-til-e'-ya) 

Casuarina* (kazh-u-a-rln'-a) 

catadromous (kat-ad'-ro-mus) 

Catalpa* (ka-tal'-pa) 

Catamblyrhynchus (kat-am-bli-ring'-kus) 

Catananche* (kat-a-nang'-ke) 

cataphyllus (ka-ta-fil'-us) with down-hanging 

leaves, 
catena (kat-e'-na) 
catenatus (kat-e-na/-tus) bound with a chain, 

fettered. 
catenifer (kat-e'-nif-er) carrying or bearing a 

chain. 
Catha* (ka'-tha) 
Catharacta (kath-ar-ak'-ta) 
Catharopeza (kath-ar-6-pe'-za) 
Cathartes (kath-ar'-tez) 

catharticus (kath-ar'-ti-kus) cleansing, purifying. 
Catherpes (kath-er'-pez) 
Cathestecum (kath-e'-ste-kum) 
Catocala (kat-ok-al'-a, ka-tok'-a-la) 
catomus (kat-o'-mus) the shoulders. 
Catoptrophorus (kat-op-tro'-for-us) 
Catorama (kat-or'-a-ma) 
Catostomus (ka-tos'-to-mus) 
Cattleya* (kat'-le-a) 
Caucolis* (ko'-kol-is) 



CAUDAL 59 

caudal (ko'dal) 

caudate-lenticular (ko-da-to-len-tik'-u-lar) 

Caulanthus* (kol-an'-thus) 

caulis (ko'-lis) 

Caulophyllum* (ko-lo-nl'-um) 

caurinus (kor'-i-nus) of the northwest wind. 

cautus (ko'-tus) to be on guard. 

cavus (kav'-us) hollow. 

Ceanothus* (se-a-no'-thus) 

Cebatha* (seb'-a-tha) 

Cebrio (seb'-ri-o) 

Cebrionidae (seb-ri-on'-i-de) 

Cebus (se'-bus) 

Cecidomyiidae (ses-i-do-mi-l'-i-de) 

Cecrops (se'-krops) 

Cedronella* (se-dron-el'-a) 

Cedrus* (se'-drus, sed'-rus) 

Ceiba* (sa-e'-ba, se-l'-ba) 

Celama (sel-am'-a) 

celandine (sel'-an-dln) 

Celastrus* (se-las'-trus) 

celatus (se-la'-tus) hidden, kept secret. 

celeratus (sel-er-a'-tus) hastened, quickened. 

Celosia* (sel-o'-shi-a) 

Celsia* (sel'-shi-a) 

Celtis* (sel'-tis) 

cembroides (sem-bro-l'-dez) like the Cembra or 

Swiss Stone Pine, 
cement (n. se'-ment, v. se-ment') 
Cemophora (se-moF-or-a, se-mof'-or-a) 
Cenchrus* (seng'-krus) 
Cenozoic (se-no-zo'-ik, sen-6-zo'-ik) 



60 CENTAUREA 

Centaurea* (sen-to'-re-a, sen-to-re'-a) 

Centaurium* (sen-to'-ri-um) 

Centetes (sen-te'-tez) 

centranthifolius (sen-tran-thi-fol'-i-us, sen-tran-thi- 

fo'-li-us) centranthus-leaved. 
Centranthus* (sen-tran'-thus) 
Centrocercus (sen-tro-ser'-kus) 
Centrophanez (sen-trof'-a-nez) 
Centrosema* (sen-tro-se'-ma) 
centrum (sen'-trum) a sharp point, the point 

around which a circle is described. 
Centunculus* (sen-tun'-ku-lus) 
Centurio (sen-tu'-ri-o) 
Centurus (sen-tu'-rus) 
Ceophloeus (se-of-lo-e'-us) 
Cephaelis* (sef-a-e'-lis) 
Cephalanthera* (sef-a-lan-the'-ra) 
cephalic (se-fal'-ik, sef-al'-ik) 
Cephalophus (sef-ar-6-fus) 
cephalopod (sef-al-6-pod, sef-ar-6-pod) 
Cephalopoda (sef-a-lop'-6-da) 
cephalopodium (sef-al-o-po'-di-um) 
cephalotus (sef-al-o'-tus) with a head, 
cephalula (sef-al'-u-la) 
Cephidae (se'-fi-de) 
Cephus (sef -us) 

Cerambycidae (ser-am-bis'-i-de) 
Ceraphron (ser'-a-fron) 
cerasifer (ser-as'-i-fer) cherry-bearing, 
cerastes (se-ras'-tez) a horned serpent; also, 

horned. 
Cerastium* (ser-as'-ti-um) 



CERASUS 61 

Cerasus* (ser'-a-sus) 
Ceratophrys (ser-a-tof'-ris) 
Ceratinidae (ser-a-tin'-i-de) 

ceratocarpus (ser-a-to-kar'-pus) having a horny- 
fruit. 
Ceratodus (ser-at'-o-dus) 
Ceratonia* (ser-a-to'-ni-a) 
Ceratophrys (ser-at-of'-ris) 
Ceratophyllum* (ser-a-to-fiT-um) 
Ceratophyta (ser-a-tof'-it-a) 
Ceratopogonidae (ser-at-o-po-gon'-i-de) 
Ceratopsia (ser-a-top'-si-a) 
Ceratopsyllus (ser-a-top'-sil-us) 
Ceratopteris* (ser-a-top'-ter-is) 
Ceratotheca* (ser-at-o-the'-ka) 
ceratus (ser-at'-us) smeared, covered. 
Cerberus (ser'-be-rus) 
cercalis (ser-ka'-lis) tailed 
cercaria (ser-ka'-ri-a) 
Cerceris (ser'-ser-is) 
Cerchneis (serk-ne'-is) 
cerciatus (ser-si-a/-tus) tailed, with a tail. 
cercid (ser'-sid) 

Cercidiphyllum* (ser-sid-i-nT-um) 
Cercidium* (ser-sid'-i-um) 
Cercis* (ser'-sis) 
Cercolabes (ser-kol'-a-bez) 
Cercomys (ser'-ko-mis) 
Cercopidae (ser-kop'-i-de) 
Cercopis (ser-ko'-pis) 
Cercopithecus (ser-ko-pi-the'-kus) 
Cercospora* (ser-kos'-po-ra) 



62 CERCUS 

cercus (ser'-kus) 

Cercyonis (ser-sl'-on-is) 

Cerdocyon (ser-dos'-i-on) 

cere (ser) 

cerebellar (ser-e-bel'-er) 

cerebellum (ser-e-ber-um) 

cerebrum (ser'-eb-rum) 

Ceresa (ser-e'-sa) 

Cereus* (se'-re-us) 

ceriferus (se-ri'-fer-us) producing wax, having a 

waxy covering, 
cernuus (ser'-nu-us) inclined, with face toward the 

earth. 
ceroma (se-ro'-ma) 
Ceropales (ser-op'-a-lez) 
Ceropegia* (se-rop-e'-ji-a) 
Ceroxylon* (se-rok'-si-lon) 
certation (ser-ta'-shun) 
Certhia (ser'-thi-a) 
Ceruchus (ser'-uk-us) 
cerumen (ser-u'-men) 
Cervus (ser'-vus) 
Ceryle (ser'-i-le) 
cespitose (ses'-pi-tds) 
Cestrum* (ses'-trum) 
Ceterach* (set'-er-ak) 
cetolith (se'-to-lith) 
Cetoniidae (se-to-ni'-i-de) 
Cetorhinus (se-to-rin'-us) 
Cetraria (se-tra'-ri-a) 
Cettia (set'-i-a) 
Ceuthmochares (su-thmo-ka'-rez) 



CEUTHOPHILUS 



63 



Ceuthophilus (su-thof'-il-us) 
Ceyx (se'-iks) 
Chaenactis (ken-akt'-is) 



Chaenactis. New Latin <Gr. chaino to 
gape-f-afe/1'5, a ray, referring to the marginal 
flowers of one section of the genus. The 
accent falls on the penult because this syllable 
is long (the vowel a followed by two con- 
sonants). Pronounced: ken-akt'-is. 



Chaenomeles* (ke-nom'-e-lez) 
Chaerophon (ke'-rofon) 
Chaerophyllum* (ke-ro-fir-um) 
Chaeropus (ke'-ro-pus) 
chaeta (ke'-ta, pi. ke'-te) 
Chaetochloa* (ke-tok'-16-a) 
Chaetognatha (ke-tog'-nath-a) 
chaetosema (ke-tos-e'-ma) 
Chaetura (ke-tu'-ra) 
Chalarus (kal'-ar-us) 
chalaza (kal-a/-za) 
Chalcididae (kal-sid'-i-de) 
Chalcomitra (kal-ko-ml'-tra) 
Chalcophora (kal-kof'-ora) 
Chalcosiidae (kal-kos-i'-id-e) 
Chalepus (kal'-ep-us) 
Chalia (ka'-li-a) 




64 CHALICE 

chalice (chal'-is) 

chalones (ka'-l5nz) 

Chama (ka'-ma) 

Chamaea (ka-me'-a) 

Chamaebatia* (kam-e-bat'-i-a) 

Chamaecyparis* (kam-e-sip'-ar-is, kam-e-sip'-a-ris) 

Chamaedaphne* (kam-e-daf -ne) 

Chamaedorea* (kam-e-do'-re-a) 

Chamaelirium* (kam-e-lir'-i-um) 

Chamaemyiidae (kam-e-ml-l'-i-de) 

Chamaerops* (kam-e'-rops) 

Chamaesaracha* (kam-e-sar'-a-ka) 

Chameleon (ka-mel'-e-on) 

Chaoboridae (ka-6-bor'-i-de) 

chaparral (sha-par-al') 

Chara (ka/-ra) 

Characeae* (ka-ra'-se-e) 

Charadrius (ka-rad'-ri-us) 

Charina (ka-ri'-na) 

Charionetta (kar-i-6-net'-a) 

Charitonetta (kar-i-to-net'-a) 

Charophycophyta (kar-6-fl-kof-it-a) 

Chasmosaurus (kas-mo-so'-rus) 

Chaulelasmus (ko-le-las'-mus) 

Chauliodes (ko-li-od'-ez) 

Chauliognathus (ko-li-og'-na-thus) 

Cheilanthes* (ki-lan'-thez) 

cheilanthus (kl-lan'-thus) lip-flowered. 

cheilocystidium (ki-lo-sis-tid'-i-um) 

cheiragonus (kl-rag'-on-us) with angled hand. 

cheiranthoides (kl-ran-tho-l'-dez) like Cheiranthus. 

Cheiranthus* (kl-ran'-thus) 



CHELEMYS 



65 



Chelemys (kel-e'-mis, keT-e-mis) 

chelicera (ke-li'-ser-a, pi. ke-li'-ser-e) 

Chelidonium (kel-i-don'-i-um, kel-i-don'-i-um) 

cheliped (ke'-li-ped) 

Chelonarium (kel-on-ar'-i-um) 

Chelone* (kel-o'-ne) 

Chelonia (kel-on'-i-a) 

Chelonobia (kel-o-no'-bi-a) 

Chelopus (keT-o-pus) 

Chelydra (kel-id'ra) 

Chelyosoma (kel-i-os-om'-a) 

Chen (ken, ken) 



Chen <Gr. chen, a goose, 
properly pronounced with 
the e long. Through long 
usage the New Latin chen 
is now considered an allow- 
able pronunciation. Pro- 
nounced: ken or ken. 




Chenopodium* (ke-nop-od'-i-um) 
Chermidae (ker'-mi-de) 
Chersodromus* (ker-sod'-rom-us) 
chersophyte (ker'-so-fit) 
Chersydrus (ker-sid'-rus) 
chiasma (kl-az'-ma) 
chiastic (kl-as'-tik) 



66 CHILIANDRA 

Chiliandra (kil-i-an'-dra) 

Chilognatha (kl-log'-na-tha) 

Chilomeniscus (kl-16-me-nis'-kus) 

Chilomonas (ki-lom'-o-nas) 

Chilonycteris (kl-lo-nik'-ter-is) 

Chilophylla (kl-lof-il'-a) 

Chilopsis* (kl-lop'-sis) 

Chilostomata (ki-16-stom'-a-ta) 

chimaera (kl-me'-ra, kim'-e-ra) 

Chimaphila* (ki-maf'-i-la) 

Chimonanthus* (kl-mon-anth'-us) 

chimpanzee (chim-pan'-ze, chim-pan-ze') 

Chincha (chin'-cha) 

Chiogenes* (kl-oj'-e-nez) 

Chionactis (ki-on-ak'-tis) 

chionanthus (kl-on-an'-thus) snow-flowered. 

Chion (kl'-on) 

Chione (kl-on'-e) 

Chionodoxa* (ki-on-o-dok'-sa) 

Chirocholus (kl-rok'-o-lus) 

Chiroleptes (ki-ro-lep'-tez) 

Chiromyces* (ki-rom'-i-sez) 

Chiromys (kl'-ro-mis) 

Chironomidae (ki-ro-nom'-i-de) 

Chironomus (kl-ron'-o-mus) 

Chiropotes (ki-rop'-o-tez) 

Chirotes (kl-ro'-tez) 

chitin (ki'-tin) 

Chiton (kl'-ton) 

Chitonia* (kit-o'-ni-a) 

chlamidospore (klam-id'-os-por, klam'-id-6-spor) 

Chlamydomonas (klam-id-om'-o-nas) 



CHLAMYDOSAURUS 67 

Chlamydosaurus (klam-id-o-sor'-us) 

chlamydospore (klam-id'-o-spor, klam'-id-o-spor) 

Chlidanthus* (klid-anth'-us) 

Chlidonias (klid-o'-ni-as) 

Chloanthes* (klo-anth'-ez) 

Chloanthez (klo-an'-thez) 

Chlora* (klo'-ra) 

chloragen (klo'-ra-jen) 

chloragocyte (klo-rag'-o-sit) 

chloragogen (klo-ra-go'-jen) 

chloranthus (klo-ran'-thus) green-flowered, with 

greenish-yellow flowers. 
chlorine (klo'-ren, klo'-rin) 
Chloris(klo'-ris) 
Chloroceryle (klo-ro-ser'-i-le) 
chlorocruorin (klo-ro-kru'-or-in) 
chlorofucin (klo-ro-fu'-sin) 
Chloromonadina (klo-ro-mo-na'-di-na) 
Chloropeltina (klo-ro-pel-tl'-na) 
Chloropeta (klo-rop'-et-a) 
Chloropidae (klo-rop'-id-e) 
Chlorops (klo'-rops) 

chloroticus (klo-rot'-i-kus) green, pale-green. 
choana (ko'-an-a) 
choanocyte (ko'-a-no-sit) 
Choeropsis (ke-rop'-sis) 
Choeropus (ke'-ro-pus) 
Choisya* (koys'-shi-a) 
choledoch (kol'-e-dok) 
cholla (cho'-ya) 
Choloepus (ko-le'-pus) 
Chondestes (kon-des'-tez) 



68 CHONDRILLA 

Chondrilla* (kon-dril'-a) 

chondrioma (kon-dri-o'-ma) 

Chondrostei (kon-dros'-te-l) 

chone (ko'-ne) 

chordata (kor-da'-ta) 

Chordeiles (kor-dl'-lez) 

chordorhizus (kor-do-ri'-zus) string-rooted. 

chordotonal (kor-do-to'-nal) 

chordus (kor'-dus) produced late. 

chore (ko'-re) 

chorea (ko-re'-a) 

chorion (ko'-ri-on, kor'-i-on) 

Choristidae (ko-ris'-ti-de) 

Chorizanthe* (kor-i-zan'-the) 

Chorizema* (kor-iz'-em-a) 

Chortophaga (kor-tof -ag-a) 

chresard (kre-sard') 

Chroicocephalus (kro-i-ko-sef'-a-lus) 

chromatin (kro'-ma-tin) 

chromatophore (kro'-mat-o-for) 

Chromulina (kro-mu-li'-na) 

Chroococcus* (kro-o-kok'-us) 

chrotorrhinus (kro-to-rl'-nus) color+nose. 

Chrozophora* (kro-zof-6-ra) 

chrysalis (kris'-al-is, pi. kris-al'-i-dez) 

Chrysanthemum* (kris-anth'-em-um) 

chryseides (kris-e-i'-dez) 

Chrysemys (kris'-e-mis) 

chryseolus (kris-e'-ol-us) golden. 

Chrysididae (kris-id'-i-de) 

Chrysobalanus (kris-o-bal'-a-nus) 

Chrysobothris (kris-o-both'-ris) 



CHRYSOCHLORIS 69 

Chrysochloris (kris-o-klo'-ris) 

Chrysogonum (kris-6g'-on-um) 

chrysographes (kris-6g'-raf-ez) marked with gold. 

chrysolepis (kris-o'-le-pis) golden-scaled, with 

golden membranes. 
chrysomallus (kris-om-ar-us) with golden wool. 
chrysomelas (kris-om'-el-as) golden-black. 
Chrysomelidae (kris-o-mel'-i-de) 
chrysomphali (kris-om'-fal-l) golden + navel. 
Chrysopelea (kris-op-el'-e-a) 
Chrysophycophyta* (kris-6-fl-kof-it-a) 
Chrysophyllum* (kris-6-nT-um) 
Chrysopidae (kris-op'-i-de) 
Chrysops (kris'-ops) 
Chrysoscias* (kris-6s'-si-as) 
Chrysosplenium* (kris-6-sple'-ni-um) 
Chrysothamnus* (kris-o-tham'-nus) 
Chrysothemis* (kris-oth'-em-is) 
Chrysotis (kris-o'-tis) 

chrysotoxum (kris-ot-oks'-um) golden-arched. 
Chrysoxylon* (kris-o-zi'-lon) 
Chthamalus (tham'-a-lus) 
Chyliza (ki-li'-za) 
Chyphotes (kl-fo'-tez) 
Chytraculia* (kl-trak-ti'-li-a) 
Chytrids (ki'-tri-dz, ki'-tri-dz) 
cibarian (sib-a'-ri-an) 
cibarium (sib-a'-ri-um) 
cibarius (sib-a/-ri-us) suitable for food, 
ciborium (si-bo'-ri-um) 
Cibotium* (sib-o'-ti-um) 
cicada (si-ka/-da) 



70 CICADELLIDAE 

Cicadellidae (sik-a-del'-i-de) 

Cicadidae (si-kad'-i-de) 

cicatricial (sik-a-trish'-i-al) 

cicatricle (si-kat'-rikl) 

cicatrix (sik'-a-triks, si-ka'-triks, pi. si-ka-trl'-sez) 

Cichladusa (sik-lad'-us-a) 

Cichorium* (si-ko'-ri-um) 

Cicindela (sis-in-de'-la) 

Cicindelidae (sis-in-del'-i-de) 

cicinnal (sis'-in-al) 

Cicinnurus (sis-in-Qr'-us) 

Cicinnus (sis-in'-us) 

Ciconia (sik-o'-ni-a) 

Ciconiidae (sik-o-ni'-i-de) 

Ciconiiformes (si-ko-ni-i-for'-mez) 

Cicuta* (sik-ti'-ta) 

cicutarius (sik-u-ta/-ri-us) like Cicuta, a genus of 

Umbelliferae. 
ciliaris (sil-i-a'-ris) fringed as with eye-lashes. 
ciliatus (sil-i-a'-tus) furnished with cilia or small 

hairs. 
cilium (siT-i-urn, pi. sil'-i-a) 
Cimbicidae (sim-bis'-i-de) 
Cimex (sl'-meks) 
Cimicidae (sl-mis'-i-de) 
Cimicifuga* (sim-i-sif'-u-ga) 
cinclides (sing'-kli-dez, pi. of cinclis.) 
Cinclus (sing'-klus) 
cinctipes (sink'-ti-pez) girdle-footed, 
cinctus (sink'-tus) surrounding, girdling. 
Cineraria* (sin-e-ra/-ri-a) 
cinerarius (sin-er-a/-ri-us) pertaining to ashes. 



CINERASCENS 71 



Cimex, the bed-bug. <L. cimex, a 
bug. Pronounced: sl'mex, not sim'-ex, 
as we often hear. 




-MVD'« 



cinerascens (sin-er-as'-senz) 

cinereus (sin-er'-e-us) ash-colored; like ashes. 

cingulatus (sin-gul-a'-tus) girdled, encircled, zoned. 

Cinixys (sin-ik'-sis) 

cinnamomeus (sin-a-mo'-me-us) of or from cinna- 
mon. 

cinnamo minus (sin-a-mom'-in-us) of or from cinna- 
mon. 

Cinnyris (sin'-i-ris) 

Cinulia (sin-u'-li-a) 

Cionus (sl'-o-nus) 

Cipura* (sip-ii'-ra) 

Circaea* (ser-se'-a) 

Circaetus (ser-ka'-e-tus) 

Circinae (ser-si'-ne) 

circinatus (ser-si-na'-tus) made round. 

Circoporus (ser-kop'-or-us) 

circumcisus (ser-kum-si'-sus) cut around, cut off. 

circumoesophageal (ser-kum-e-sof-a'-j e-al) 

Circus (ser'-kus) 

cirratus (sir-a'-tus) curled, having curls. 

cirrus (sir'-us) 



72 CIRSIUM 

Cirsium* (ser'-si-um) 

Cissus* (sis'-us) 

Cisticola (sis-tik'-ol-a) 

Cistothorus (sis-toth'-6-rus) 

Citellus (si-tel'-us) 

Citheronia (sith-er-on'-i-a) 

citrinus (sit-rl'-nus) of or belonging to citrus. 

citriodorus (sit-ri-o-do'-rus) lemon-scented. 

Cixiidae (siks-l'-i-de) 

Cladium* (klad'-i-um) 

cladode (klad'-od) 

cladogenous (klad-oj'-e-nus) 

Cladoselache (klad-o-sel'-a-ke) 

Cladrastis* (klad-ras'-tis) 

Clambus (klam'-bus) 

clamitans (kla-mi'-tanz) loud-calling. 

Clandestinus (klan-des-ti'-nus) secret, hidden. 

clangula (klang'-u-la) a small noise. 

claripennis (kla-ri-pen'-is) bright- or clear-feath- 
ered. 

clarus (kla'-rus) bright, shining, evident; also, dis- 
tingushed. 

clathrate (klath'-rat, klath'-rat) 

clathratus (klath-ra'-tus) set with bars, latticed. 

Clathrulina (kla-thru-ll'-na, klath-ru-ll'-na) 

clausus (klo'-sus) enclosed, shut. 

Clavaria* (klav-a'-ri-a) 

clavatus (kla-va'-tus) furnished with prickles or 
points, nailed; also, furnished with stripes. 

Claviceps* (kla'-vis-eps) 

claviculatus (kla-vi-kul-a'-tus) provided with bars, 
provided with tendrils. 



CLAVIPES 73 

clavipes (klav'-i-pez) club-footed. 
clavus (kla'-vus) 
Claytonia* (kla-ton'-i-a) 
cleidoic (kli-do'-ik) 
cleistogamy (kli-stog'-a-mi) 
cleithrum* (kli'-thrum) 
Clematis* (kle'-mat-is, klem'-a-tis) 
Clemmys (klem'-is) 
Cleome* (kle-o'-me) 
Cleomella* (kle-6-mer-a) 
Cleonymus (kle-on'-i-mus) 
Clepsine (klep-sl'-ne) 

clepticus (klep'-ti-kus) belonging to a thief, thiev- 
ish. 
Clerodendrum* (kler-6-den'-drum) 
cleronomy (kle-ron'-6-mi) 
Clerus (kle'-rus) 
Clethra* (kle'-thra, kle'-thra) 
Clethrionomys (kle-thri-on'-6-mis) 
climacteric (kll-mak'-ter-ik, kli-mak-ter'-ik) 
Clinopodium* (kli-nop-od'-i-um) 
Clinostylis (kll-nos-tl'-lis) 
clitellum (klit-er-um) 
Clitoria* (kll-to'-ri-a) 
clitoris (kll'-to-ris, klit'-o-ris) 
Clivia* (kll'-vi-a) 
cloaca (klo-ak'-a) 
clone (klon) 

Clonorchis (klo-nor'-kis) 

clonus (klo'-nus) confused and violent motion. 
Clubionidae (klub-i-on'-i-de) 
Clupea (klu'-pe-a) 



74 CLUSIUS 

clusius (klu'-si-us) a cognomen of Janus. 

clypeatus (klip-e-a'-tus) shielded, with shields. 

clypeus (klip'-e-us) 

clysium (kli'-si-um) 

cnemial (ne'-mi-al, kne'-mi-al) 

cnemidium (ne-mid'-i-um, kne-mid'-i-um) 

Cnemidophorus (ne-mi-dof'-6-rus) 

Cnemidotus (ne-mi'-dot-us) 

Cneoridum* (ne-or-id'-i-um) 

Cneorum* (ne-o'-rum) 

Cnethocampa* (ne-thok-am'-pa) 

Cnicus* (ni'-kus) 

Cnidaria (ni-da'-ri-a) 

Cnidium* (nl'-di-um) 

cnidoblast (nl'-do-blast) 

Cnidoscolus* (nl-do-sko'-lus) 

coarctatus (ko-ark-ta/-tus) pressed together. 

coccid (kok'-sid) 

Coccidae (kok'-si-de) 

coccigerus (kok-sij'-er-us) berry-bearing. 

Coccinellidae (kok-si-nel'-i-de) 

coccineus (kok-sin'-e-us) scarlet. 

Coccoloba* (kok-kol'-o-ba) 

Coccothraustes (kok-6-thros'-tez) 

Cocculus* (kok'-ku-lus) 

coccus (kok'-us, pi. kok'-si) 

Coccyges (kok-sl'-jez) 

coccyx (kok'-siks) 

Coccyzus (kok-si'-zus) 

Cochlearia* (kok-le-a'-ri-a, kok-le-ar'-i-a) 

Codiaeum* (ko-di-e'-um) 

Codonium (ko-do'-ni-um) 



CODONOPSIS 75 

Codonopsis* (ko-do-nop'-sis) 

Coelenterata (se-len-ter-at'-a) 

Coelogenys (se-loj'-e-nis) 

Coelogyne* (se-loj'-i-ne) 

coelom (se'-lom, se'-lom) 

coelomic (se-lo'-mik, se-lom'-ik) 

Coelopleurum* (se-lo-plob'-rum) 

Coenagriidae (se-nag-ri'-i-de) 

Coendou (ko-en'-doo) 

coenosarc (se'-no-sark) 

coenosus = caenosus (se-no'-sus) muddy, foul, dirty. 

coerulescens (se-rul-es'-senz) becoming dark or 

black. 
cognatus (kog-na'-tus) related by blood. 
coition (ko-ish'-un) 
coitus (ko'-i-tus) 
Coix* (ko'-iks) 
Colaptes (ko-lap'-tez) 
Colax* (ko'-lax) 
Colchicum* (kor-ki-kum) 
Coleogyne* (kol-e-o'-ji-ne) 
Coleonyx (kol-e-on'-iks, kol-e-on'-iks) 
Coleophora (kol-e-of'-6r-a) 
Coleophoridae (kol-e-of-6r'-id-e) 
Coleoptera (kol-e-op'-ter-a, kol-e-op'-ter-a) 
coleorhiza (kol-e-6-ri'-za) 
Coleus* (kol'-e-us, ko'-le-us) 
Colinus (ko-lin'-us) 
Coliupasser (ko-li-u-pas'-er) 
Colius (ko'-li-us) 

collaris (kol-a'-ris) pertaining to the neck, 
collatus (kol-a'-tus) brought together, gathered. 



76 COLLEMBOLA 

Collembola (kol-em'-bo-la) 

collenchyma (kol-eng'-ki-ma) 

collencyte (kol'-en-slt) 

Colletes (kol-e'-tez) 

Colletidae (kol-et'-i-de) 

Collinsia* (kol-in'-si-a) 

collinus (kol-l'-nus) pertaining to or of a hill, hilly. 

collis (kol'-is) high ground, a hill. 

colloid (kol'-oyd) 

Collomia* (kol-o'-mi-a) 

colludens (kol-u'-dens) playing together. 

Colobus (kol'-o-bus) 

Coloptychon (kol-op'-ti-kon) 

Coluber (kol'-u-ber, kol'-u-ber) 

colubrinus (kol-ub-rl'-nus) like a serpent. 

colubris (kol-u'-bris) of a serpent. 

Columba (kol-um'-ba) 

columbarius (kol-um-ba'-ri-us) of or pertaining to 

a dove. 
Columbigallina (kol-um-bi-gal-l'-na) 
Colutea* (ko-lut'-e-a) 
Colymbetes (kol-im-be'-tez) 
Colymbus (kol-im'-bus) 
coma (ko'-ma, ko'-ma) hair. 
Comandra* (ko-man'-dra) 
comans (kom'-anz) covered with hair. 
Comarum* (kom'-a-rum) 
comatosus (kom-at-o'-sus) hairy. 
Comatula (ko-mat'-u-la) 
comes (ko'-mez) 

cometes (kom-e'-tez) a comet, also, a proper name. 
Commelina* (kom-e-ll'-na) 



COMMENSAL 77 

commensal (kom-en'-sal) 

commissure (kom'-i-shur) 

communal (kom'-u-nal) 

communis (kom-u'-nis) general, common. 

commutatus (kom-u-ta/-tus) changed entirely, re- 
placed. 

comose (ko'-mos) 

comosus (kom-o'-sus) furnished with a tuft of hair 
or leaves, hairy. 

compar (kom'-par) equal. 

comparative (kom-par'-a-tiv) 

complanatus (kom-pla-na'-tus) level with the 
ground. 

compressus (kom-pres'-us) squeezed together, 
straight, narrow. 

Compsognathus (komp-sog'-na-thus) 

Compsothlypidae (komp-soth-lip'-i-de) 

Compsothlypis (komp-soth'-li-pis) 

Conandron (ko-nan'-dron) 

conarium (kon-a'-ri-um) 

concha (kong'-ka) 

conchiolin (kong-ki'-ol-in) 

conchology (kong-kor-6j-i) 

concinnus (kon-sin'-us) beautiful, striking. 

concolor (kon'-ku-lor) of the same color; also, uni- 
formly colored. 

Condalia* (kon-da'-li-a) 

conditor (kon'-di-tor) a builder, a farmer. 

conditus (kon-dl'-tus) seasoned well; also, estab- 
lished. 

Condylarthra (kon-di-lar'-thra) 

condyle (kon'-dil, kon'-dil) 



78 CONDYLURA 

Condylura (kon-dil-u'-ra) 

condylodes (kon-dil-o'-dez) knobby, knuckle-like. 

Conepatus (ko-ne-pa'-tus) 

confertus (kon-fer'-tus) pressed together, crowded, 

dense. 
Confervales* (kon-fer-va'-lez) 
confinis (kon-fl'-nis) neighboring, adjoining. 
confluens (kon'-flu-enz) running together. 
confluentus (kon-flu'-en-tus) croweded together 

joining, flowing together. 
confractus (kon-frakt'-us) 
confraternus (kon-fra-ter'-nus) brotherly, also, 

with affection. 
confusus (kon-fu'-sus) confused, perplexed, 
conglomeratus (kon-glo-mer-a/-tus) gathering to 

form a ball, 
congregatus (kon-gre-ga/-tus) collected. 
conic (kon'-ik) 

conicus (ko'-ni-kus) cone-like, 
conidium (kon-id'-i-um) 
conifer (ko'-ni-fer, kon'-i-fer) 
Coniferae* (ko-nif'-er-e) 
coniferous (ko-nif'-er-us) 
Conilurus (kon-i-lu'-rus) 
Coniophanes* (ko-ni-6-fa/-nez) 
Coniopteryx (kon-i-op'-te-riks) 
Conioselinum* (ko-ni-6-se-ll'-num, kon-i-6-se-li' 

num) 
coniospermous (kon-i-o-sper'-mus) 
Conium* (ko-nl'-um) 

conjugatus (kon-jug-a'-tus) united, joined. 
connate (kon'-at) 



It' 



CONNEXUS 79 

connexus (kon-eks'-us) joined, cohering. 

connivens (kon-i'-venz) gradually converging. 

Connochaetes (kon-o-ke'-tez) 

Connophron (kon'-of-ron, kon-of'-ron) 

Conoclinium* (ko-nok-li'-ni-um) 

Conolophus (kon-ol'-of-us) 

conopea (kon-o'-pe-a) resembling a gnat. 

Conopholis* (ko-nof-6-lis) 

Conopidae (ko-nop'-i-de) 

Conopophaga (ko-no-pof'-a-ga) 

Conops (ko'-nops) 

Conostephium* (ko-nos-tef'-i-um) 

consanguineus (kon-sang-win'-e-us) related by 

blood, 
consimilis (kon-si'-mi-lis) similar, like. 
consobrinus (kon-so-brl'-nus) relation, a cousin. 
consortes (kon-sor'-tez) 
contemptus (kon-temp'-tus) despised. 
contiguus (kon-ti'-gu-us) near, touching. 
continuus (kon-ti'-nu-us) joining, continuous. 
Contopus (kon'-to-pus) 
contortus (kon-tor'-tus) twisted. 
contractile (kon-trak'-til) 
Conuropsis (kon-ur-op'-sis) 
Conurus (ko-nii'-rus) 
Conus (ko'-nus) 
Convallaria* (kon-val-a/-ri-a) 
convallarius (kon-val-a/-ri-us) forming a valley. 
Convolvulus* (kon-vol'-vul-us) 
Conyza* (kon-l'-za) 
Copaifera* (ko-pa-if'-er-a) 
copepod (ko'-pe-pod) 



80 COPEPODA 

Copepoda (ko-pep'-o-da) 

Copidita (kop-id-i'-ta) 

coprolite (kop'-ro-lit) 

coprophagus (kop-rof -a-gus) 

Coprotheres (kop-ro-the'-rez) 

Copsichus (kop'-si-kus) 

Coracina (kor-as-in'-a) 

Coracius (kor-as'-i-us) 

Coragyps (kor'-a-jips) 

corallidomous (ko-ral-id'-o-mus) 

corallinus (ko-rar-in-us) coral-red. 

Corallorhiza* (ko-ral-6-rl'-za) 

corallum (ko-ral'-um) 

corbis (kor'-bis) a basket. 

Corchorus* (kor'-kor-us) 

cordatus (kor-da'-tus) wise, prudent. 

Corduliidae (kor-du-li'-i-de) 

Cordyline* (k6r-di-li'-ne) 

Cordylophora (kor-di-lof-6-ra) 

Coregonus (ko-re'-go-nus) 

Coreidae (ko-re'-i-de) 

Corema* (kor-e'-ma) 

coremata (kor-e'-mat-a) 

coremiform (kor-e'-mi-form) 

coremium (kor-e'-mi-um) 

Coreopsis* (kor-e-op'-sis) 

Corethrogyne* (kor-e-thro'-ji-ne) 

coriaceus (kor-i-a'-se-us) made of leather, leathery. 

Coriandrum* (kor-i-an'-drum) 

coriifolius (kor-i-i-for-i-us, kor-i-i-fo'-li-us) with 

leathery leaves. 
Corisa (kor'-i-sa) 



CORISPERMUM 81 

Corispermum* (kor-i-sper'-mum) 

corium (ko'-ri-um, pi. ko'-ri-a) 

Corixidae (ko-rik'-si-de) 

Corizidae (kor-iz'-i-de) 

cornea (kor'-ne-a) 

corniculatus (kor-ni-kul-a/-tus) horn-shaped, 

horned. 
corniculus (kor-nik'-ul-us) a small horn. 
cornigerus (kor-nij'-er-us) horn-bearing. 
Corningia* (kor-nin'-ji-a) 
cornubiensis (kor-nu-bi-en'-sis) of Cornwell. 
Cornus* (kor'-nus) 
cornutus (kor-nu'-tus) horned. 
corolla (ko-rol'-a) 
coronal (kor'-o-nal, ko-ro'-nal) 
coronary (kor'-o-nar-i) 

coronatus (kor-on-a/-tus) furnished with a crown. 
Coronilla* (kor-o-nil'-a) 

corporalis (kor-por-al'-is) pertaining to the body. 
corpus (kor'-pus, pi. kor'-por-a) 
Correa* (kor'-e-a) 
Corrigiola* (kor-ij-i-o'-la) 
Corrodentia (kor-6-den'-shi-a) 
Cortaderia* (kor-ta-de'-ri-a) 
cortex (kor'-teks, pi. kor'-ti-sez) 
Corthylio (kor-thi'-li-o) 
Corticaria (kor-ti-ka'-ri-a) 
Corydalidae (kor-i-dal'-i-de) 
Corydalis (kor-id'-a-lis) 
Corydiidae (kor-i-di'-i-de) 
Corydon (kor'-i-don) 



82 CORYLIFOLIUS 

corylifolius (ko-ri-li-fol'-i-us, ko-ri-li-fo'-li-us) with 

leaves like the hazel, Corylus. 
Corylophodes (kor-il-of-o'-dez) 
Corylus* (kor'-il-us) 
corymbose (kor-im'-bos) 

corymbosus (kor-im-bo'-sus) full of corymbs, 
corymbus (kor-im'-bus) 
Corymorpha (kor-i-mor'-fa) 

corynocalyx (kor-in-ok-al'-iks) with club-like calyx. 
Corynorhinus (kor-in-o-rl'-nus) 
Corypha* (kdr'-i-fa) 
Coryphantha* (kor-if-an'-tha) 
Coryphodon (kor-if-6-don) 
Corythaix (ko-rith'-a-iks) 
Corythosaurus (kor-ith-o-so'-rus) 
Corythuca (kor-ith-Qk'-a) 
Cosmopteryx (koz-mop'-ter-iks) 
Cossidae (kos'-i-de) 
Cossus (kos'-us) 
Cossypha (kos'-if-a) 
costatus (kos-ta'-tus) ribbed. 
Cotinga (ko-ting'-a) 
Cotinus (kot'-in-us) 
Cotoneaster* (ko-to-ne-as'-ter) 
Coturnicops (ko-tur'-nik-ops) 
Coturnix (ko-tur'-niks) 
Cotyledon* (kot-i-le'-dun) 
covert (ku'-vert) 
coxopodite (koks'-o-po-dlt) 
coxosternum (kok-sos-ter'-num) 
coyote (ko-yo'-te, koy-o'-ta) 
coypu (koy'-poo) 



CRABRONIDAE 83 

Crabronidae (krab-ron'-i-de) 

Cracidae (kras'-i-de) 

Crambe* (kram'-be) 

Crambidae (kram'-bi-de) 

Crambidia (kram-bid'-i-a) 

Crangon (kran'-gon) 

craspedum (kras'-pe-dum) 

craspedote (kras'-pe-dot) 

crassipes (kras'-i-pez) fat- or thick-footed. 

Crataegus* (krat-e'-gus) 

cratera (kra-te'-ra) 

Crateropus (krat-er'-o-pus) 

craticular (krat-ik'-ul-ar) 

Cratogeomys (krat-6-ge'-o-mis) 

craurus (kro'-rus) brittle. 

Creadion (kre-ad'-i-on) 

creatine (kre'-a-tin) 

crebrus (kre'-brus) close, frequent, repeated. 

Creciscus (kres-is'-kus) 

cremnobates (krem-no-ba/-tez) cliff-climber. 

cremocarp (krem'-6-karp) 

crena (kre'-na) 

crenate (kre'-nat) 

crenatus (kren-a/-tus) notched. 

Crenothrix* (kren'-o-thriks) 

crenulate (kren'-u-lat) 

Creodonta (kre-6-don'-ta) 

Creophilus (kre-of -il-us) 

creper (kre'-per) dusky, dark, doubtful. 

Crepidula (krep-id'-ul-a) 

Crepipoda (kre-pip'-od-a) 

Crepis* (kre'-pis) 



84 CREPITANS 

crepitans (krep'-i-tans) clattering. 

crepuscular (kre-pus'-ku-lar) 

Cresentia* (kres-en'-shi-a) 

Cretaceous (kre-ta'-shus) 

Crex (kreks) 

cribriform (krib'-ri-form) 

Cricetinae (kris-e-ti'-ne) 

Cricetomys (kris-e'-to-mis) 

Cricetus (kris-e'-tus) 

crinifiorum (krl-nif-lo'-rum) 

crinitus (krl-nl'-tus) covered with hair. 

Crinodendron (krln-od-en'-dron) 

Crioceris (kri-os'-e-ris) 

Criocerus (krl-os'-er-us) 

criocone (krl'-o-kon) 

crispus (kris'-pus) curled, wrinkled, wavy. 

Cristatella* (kris-ta-tel'-a) 

cristatus (kris-ta'-tus) crested, tufted. 

crithmoides (krith-mo-l'-dez) like Crithmum. 

Crithmum* (krith'-mum) 

Crocanthemum* (kro-kan'-the-mum) 

Crocethia (kro-seth'-i-a) 

croceus (kro'-se-us) of or pertaining to saffron. 

Crocidura (kros-id-u'-ra) 

Crocosmia* (kro-koz'-mi-a) 

Crocus* (krok'-us, kro'-kus) 

Crocuta (kro-ku'-ta) 

Cronartium* (kro-nar'-shi-um) 

Crossosoma* (kros-o-so'-ma) 

Crotalaria* (krot-a-la'-ri-a) 

Crotalus (krot'-a-lus, kro'-ta-lus) 

Crotaphytus (krot-a-flt'-us) 



CROTON 



85 



Crossosoma. New Latin <Gr. krossot, 
a fringe +soma, a body. Since the 
penult is long (because it contains a 
long vowel) it takes the accent. Pro- 
nounced: kros-6-so'-ma, not kros- 
sos'-6-ma. 




Croton* (krot'-un, krot'-on) 

Crotophaga (kro-tof'-a-ga) 

Crucianella* (kru-shi-an-el'-a) 

Cruciferae* (kru-sif'-er-e) 

crucis (kru'-sis) of a cross. 

cruentus (kru-en'-tus) spotted, stained with blood. 

crumena (kru-me'-na) 

cms (krus) 

Cryophytum* (krl-o'-fi-tum) 

Cryptocercus (krip-to-ser'-kus) 

Cryptodira (krip-to-dl'-ra) 

Cryptogramma* (krip-to-gram'-a) 

Cryptophagus (krip-tof'-a-gus) 

Cryptostegia* (krip-to-ste'-j i-a) 

Cryptotaenia* (krip-to-te'-ni-a) 

Cryptotis (krip-to'-tis) 

Crypturus (krip-tu'-rus) 

Cryptus (krip'-tus) 

cteinophyte (tin'-6-flt) 



86 CTENIUM 



Ctenium* (ten'-i-um) 

ctenocyst (ten-o'-sist, kten'-6-sist) 

Ctenomys (ten'-o-mis) 

Ctenophora (ten-of'-6-ra) 

ctenophore (ten'-o-for) 

Ctenosaurus (ten-os-o'-rus) 

Ctenucha (ten-Qk'-a) 

ctetosome (te'-to-som) 

Cucubalus (ku-ku'-bal-us) 

Cucujidae (ku-ku'-ji-de) 

Cucujus (kii'-ku-jus) 

cucullatus (kuk-ul-a'-tus) hooded. 

cuculus (ku-koT-us) a cuckoo. 

Cucumaria (ku-ku-ma'-ri-a) 

Cucurbita* (ku-kur'-bi-ta) 

cuirass (kwe-ras') 

Culicidae (kQ-lis'-i-de) 

cultellus (kul-tel'-us) a little knife. 

cultigen (kul'-ti-jen) 

Cumingia (ku-min'-ji-a) 

Cuminum* (ku'-min-um) 

cuneatus (kun-e-at'-us) wedge-shaped. 

cuneiform (ku-ne'-i-form) 

cuneus (ku'-ne-us) a wedge. 

cunicularius (kun-I-kul-a/-ri-us) a miner. 

cuniculus (kun-i'-ku-lus) a rabbit. 

Cunila* (ku-nl'-la) 

Cunonia* (ku-no'-ni-a) 

Cuon (ku'-on) 

Cupedidae (ku-ped'-id-e) 

Cuphea* (ku'-fe-a) 

Cupidonia (ku-pi-do'-ni-a) 



CUPIDUS 87 

cupidus (kup'-id-us) a desire, a wish. 

cupitus (kup-i'-tus) desired. 

cupreatus (kup-re-a'-tus) coppery. 

Cupressus* (kQ-pres'-us) 

cuprinus (kup'-rin-us) of copper. 

cupule (ku'-piil) 

curassavicus (ku-ra-sav'-i-kus) like the greenish- 
blue, crested currasow. 

Curculionidae (kur-ku-li-on'-i-de) 

Curcuma* (kur'-kum-a) 

Curimatus (ku-ri-ma/-tus) 

cursor (kur'-sor) a runner. 

curtatus (kur-ta'-tus) shortened. 

curtus (kur'-tus) short, broken, mutilated. 

Cuscuta* (kus-ku'-ta, kus'-ku-ta) 

cuspidatus (kus-pid-a/-tus) pointed. 

cutaneus (ku-ta/-ne-us) pertaining to or of the 
skin. 

Cuterebra (ku-te-reV-ra, ku-te-reb'-ra) 

cuticle (ku'-tik-l) 

cutin (ku'-tin) 

Cyamus (si'-am-us) 

Cyanea (si-a'-ne-a) 

cyaneus (sl-an'-e-us) dark-blue, sea-blue. 

Cyanocitta (si-a-no-sit'-a) 

Cyanophyceae* (sl-an-o-fl'-se-e) 

Cyathea* (si-ath'-e-a) 

cyathium (si-ath'-i-um) 

Cyathroceridae (sl-ath-ro-ser'-i-de) 

cyathus (si'-a-thus) 

Cybaeus (sib-e'-us) 

Cybister (sl-bis'-ter) 



88 CYBOCEPHALUS 

Cybocephalus (sib-6-sef-al-us) 

cycad* (sl'-kad) 

Cyclamen* (sl'-kla-men, sik'-la-men) 

Cyclanthera* (sl-klan-the'-ra, sik-lan'-the-ra) 

Cyclaris (sik'-la-ris) 

cyclic (sik'-lik, sl'-klik) 

cyclocerculus (sik-klo-ser'-ku-lus) round + tail + 

-ulus, a diminutive ending. 
cycloid (sl'-kloid) 

Cycloloma* (si-klo-lom'-a, si-klo-lo'-ma) 
Cycloplasis (si-klop-las'-is) 
Cyclophorus (si-klof-6-rus) 
Cyclorhapha (sl-klor'-a-fa) 
cyclosis (si-klo'-sis) a whirling, a circulation. 
Cyclostomata (sl-klo-stom'-at-a) 
cyclostomate (si-klos'-to-mat) 
Cyclostrema (si-klo-stre'-ma) 
Cyclothurus (si-klo-thu'-rus) 
Cyclotus (si-klo'-tus) 
Cyclura (si-kloo'-ra) 
Cyclas (sl'-klas) 
cydariform (si-dar'-i-form) 
Cydippe (si-dip'-e) 
Cydippida (si-dip'-i-da) 
Cydnidae (sid'-ni-de) 
Cydonia* (si-do'-ni-a) 
cyesis (si-e'-sis) 
Cygnopsis (sig-nop'-sis) 
Cygnus (sig'-nus) 
Cylas (si'-las) 
Cylichna (sil-ik'-na) 
Cylindroleberis (sil-in-dro-leb'-er-is) 



CYLLENE 89 

Cyllene (si-le'-ne) 

Cymatogaster (sl-mat-o-gas'-ter) 

Cymatophora (si-mat-of'-or-a) 

Cymbidium* (sim-bicT-i-um) 

Cymbopogon* (sim-bo-po'-gon) 

Cymindis (sim-in'-dis) 

Cymopterus* (sl-mop'-ter-us) 

cymose (si'-mos, sl-mos') 

Cymothoa (sl-moth'-o-a) 

Cymothoidae (si-mo-tho'-id-e) 

Cynaelurus (sl-ne-lu'-rus) 

Cynanchum* (sin-ang'-kum) 

Cynanthus* (sin-an'-thus) 

Cynara* (sin'-a-ra, sin'-ar-a) 

Cynictis (sl-nik'-tis) 

Cynipidae* (sin-ip'-i-de) 

Cynips* (sin'-ips, sl'-nips) 

Cynoctonum* (sin-ok'-ton-um) 

Cynodon* (sin'-o-don, sl'-nod-on) 

Cynodonta (sin-o-dont'-a, si-no-dont'-a) 

Cynogale (sin-og'-al-e) 

Cynoglossum* (sin-o-glos'-um, sl-no-glos'-um) 

Cynomys (sin'-o-mis) 

Cynopithecus (sin-o-pi-the'-kus, si-no-pi-the'kus) 

Cynosurus* (sin-o-su'-rus, si-no-su'-rus) 

Cyperus* (sip-e'-rus, si-pe'-rus) 

cyphella (sif-el'-a, sl-fel'-a) 

Cyphomandra* (si-fom-an'-dra) 

Cyphon (sl'-fon) 

Cyphornis (sif-or'-nis) 

Cypraea (sip-re'-a, si-pre'-a) 

Cyprinus (sip-ri'-nus) 



90 



CYPRIPEDIUM 



Cypripedium* (sip-rip-ed'-i-um, sip-ri-pe'-di-um) 
cypsela (sip'-sel-a) 
Cypselus (sip'-se-lus) 
Cyrilla* (sl-ril'-a) 
Cyrtonotum (ser-ton-ot'-um) 




IBB EnnimnnrmnTTTrmn- 








MVD-' 



Cynomys. New Latin <Gr. kyon, kynos, dog-r-nrys, a mouse. The generic 
name of the prairie dog or "the rodent that barks like a dog." Accent on 
the first syllable. Pronounced: sin'-o-mis, not sin-o'-miz. 



Cyrtonyx (ser-to'-niks) 
Cyrtophium (ser-tof'-i-um) 
Cyrtopogon (ser-to-po'-gon) 
Cystacanthus* (sis-tak-anth'-us) 
Cystignathus (sis-tig'-na-thus) 
Cystophora (sis-tof-or-a) 
Cystopteris* (sis-top'-ter-is) 
Cystopus* (sis'-top-us) 
Cytherea (sith-e-re'-a) 
Cytinus* (sit'-i-nus) 
Cytisus* (sit'-i-sus) 
Cytophyllum* (sit-of-ir-um) 
cytula (sit'-ul-a) 



DABOECIA 91 

D 

Daboecia* (da-bo-e'-shi-a) 
Dacelo (da-se'-lo) 
Dacnusa (dak-nu'-sa) 
dacryocyst (dak'-ri-o-sist) 
Dactilomys (dak-til'-o-mis) 
dactyl (dak'-til) 
Dactylis* (dak'-til-is) 
dactyloides (dak-til-o-i'-dez) finger-like. 
Dactylopius (dak-til-op'-i-us) 
Daemonelix (de-mon'-e-liks) 

daemonius (de-mon'-i-us) elfin, strange, marvel- 
ous. 
Dafila (daf'-i-la) 
Dahlia* (da'-li-a) 
Dalbergia* (dal-ber'-gi-a) 
Dalcerides (dal-ser'-id-ez) 
Dalibarda* (dal-i-bar'-da) 
dama (da'-ma) a fallow deer. 
Damalis (dam'-a-lis) 
Damaliscus (dam-al-is'-kus) 
damnosus (dam-no'-sus) injurious, destructive. 
Danaidae (da-na'-i-de) 
Danaus (da'-na-us) 
Danthonia* (dan-tho'-ni-a) 
Daphne* (daf'-ne) 

daphnoides (daf-no-i'-des) laurel-like. 
Daptrius (dap'-tri-us) 
darnel (dar'-nel) 
dartos (dar'-tos) 
Dascyllus (da-sil'-us) 
Dasyatidae (das-i-at'-i-de) 



92 DASYCLADOS 

dasyclados (das-ik'-la-dos) shaggy-twigged. 

Dasylirion (das-i-ll'-ri-on, das-i-lir'-i-on) 

Dasymys (das'-i-mis) 

dasypaedes (das-i-pe'-dez) 

Dasypeltis (das-i-pel'-tis) 

dasyphyllus (das-if-il'-us) shaggy or hairy leafed. 

Dasyprocta (das-i-prok'-ta) 

Dasypus (das'-i-pus) 

Dasyurus (das-i-ur r -rus) 

Datana (da-ta'-na) 

datum (da/-tum, pi. da'-ta) 

Datura* (da-tu'-ra) 

Daucus* (do'-kus) 

daunus (do'-nus) fabled king of part of Apulia. 

Davallia* (dav-al'-i-a) 

dealbatus (de-al-ba'-tus) whitened, plastered with 

white-wash, 
debilis (de'-bi-lis) crippled, feeble, weak, 
decapetalus (dek-ap-et'-al-us) ten-petaled. 
Decapoda (de-kap'-o-da) 
Decatoma (de-kat'-6m-a) 
decemjugate (des-em-ju'-gat) 
decens (de'-senz) seemly, fit, well-formed. 
deceptus (de-sep'-tus) deceiving. 
decidua (de-sid'-u-a) 
decipiens (de-sip'-i-enz) deceiving. 
decisum (de-sl'-sum) settled, determined, 
declinatus (de-kll-na'-tus) bent aside, turned down, 
declivis (de-kll'-vis) sloping. 
Decodon* (dek'-o-don) 
decollatus (de-kol-a'-tus) beheaded. 
decolorans (de-kol'-or-anz) without color. 



DECORUS 93 

decorus (dek-or'-us) elegant, becoming. 

Decumaria* (dek-ti-ma'-ri-a) 

decumbens (de-kum'-benz) lying down. 

decurrens (de-ker'-enz) 

decussate (dek'-us-at, de-kus'-at) 

decussatus (dek-us-a'-tus) divided crosswise. 

defecate (def-e-kat) 

dehiscence (de-his'-ens) 

dehiscent (de-his'-ent) 

deirids (di'-ridz) 

Deirochelys (dl-rok'-e-lis) 

deletrix (de-le'-triks) she that destroys. 

deletus (de-le'-tus) abolished, finished. 

delicatus (de-lik-a'-tus) alluring, delightful. 

Delonix* (de-lo'-niks) 

Delostoma* (de-los'-tom-a) 

Delphacidae (del-fas'-i-de) 

Delphinapterus (del-fin-ap'-ter-us) 

Delphinium* (del-fin'-i-um) 

Delphinus (del-fi'-nus) 

deltoides (del-to-i'-dez) 

deltoideus (del-toyd'-e-us) delta-like. 

deme (dem) 

demersed (de-merst') 

demersus (de-mer'-us) submerged. 

demissus (de-mis'-us) low-lying, hanging down. 

demorsus (de-mor'-sus) bitten off. 

Dendragapus (den-drag'-a-pus) 

Dendraspis (den-dras'-pis) 

Dendrobates (den-drob'-a-tez) 

Dendrobium* (den-dro'-bi-um) 

Dendrocalamus* (den-dro-kal'-am-us) 



94 DENDROCTONUS 

Dendroctonus (den-drok'-ton-us) 

Dendrohyrax (den-dro'-hi-raks) 

Dendroica (den-droy'-ka) 

Dendroides (den-dro-ld'-ez) 

Dendrolagus (den-dro'-lag-us) 

Dendroleon (den-dro-le'-on) 

Dendromecon* (den-drom-e'-kon) 

Dendromys (den'-dro-mis) 

dendron (den'-dron) 

Dendropanax* (den-drop'-an-aks) 

Dendrophidion (den-dro-fid'-i-on) 

Dendroseris* (den-dros'-er-is) 

Dennstaedtia* (den-stedt'-i-a) 

densleonis (denz-le-on'-is) lion's tooth. 

densus (den'-sus) thick, dense, set close. 

Dentalium (den-ta'-li-um) 

Dentaria* (den-ta'-ri-a) 

dentatus (den-ta'-tus) having teeth. 

denticulatus (den-tik-ul-a'-tus) having small teeth. 

denudate (v. den'-u-dat, de-nud'-at; adj. de-nud'- 
at, den'-u-dat) 

denudatus (de-nu-da'-tus) stripped, laid bare. 

depictus (de-pik'-tus) portrayed, described. 

depilans (dc'-pi-lanz) despoiling of feathers or 
hair, making bald. 

depauperatus (de-po-per-a'-tus) stunted, having a 
poor appearance. 

dentaneus (den-ta'-ne-us) threatening. 

depilation (dep-i-la'-shun) 

depula (dep'-ul-a) 

derelictus (de-re-likt'-us) abandoned, neglected. 

dermalia (der-ma'-li-a) 



DERMAPTERA 95 

Dermaptera (der-map'-ter-a) 
Dermestidae (der-mes'-ti-de) 
Dermochelys (der-mok'-e-lis) 
Derotremata (der-o-tre'-mat-a) 
dertrotheca (der-tro-the'-ka) 
deserti (dez-er'-ti) of the desert. 
deserticolous (dez-er-tik'-o-lus) 
desiccant (des'-i-kant, de-sik'-ant) 
Desmana (des'-man-a) 
Desmanthus* (des-man'-thus) 
Desmodium* (des-mo'-di-um) 
Desmodus (des'-mo-dus) 
Desmognathus (des-mog'-na-thus) 
Desmoncus* (des-mon'-kus) 
desquamate (des'-kwa-mat, de-skwa/-mat) 
detonsus (de-ton'-sus) clipped off, sheared, 
detritus (de-tri'-tus) worn out, trite, 
deustus (de-us'-tus) consumed, burned up, de- 
stroyed, 
deuteroplasm (du'-ter-o-plazm) 
deutoplasm (dti'-to-plazm) 
Deutzia* (du'-tzi-a) 

devexus (de-veks'-us) inclining downwards, steep. 
Devonian (de-vo'-ni-an) 
diabetes (dl-a-bet'-ez) 
diabetic (di-a-bet'-ik) 
diabolis (di-ab'-ol-is) 
Diacalpe (di-ak-al'-pe) 
Diacrisia (dl-ak-ris'-i-a) 
Diacrium (dl-ak'-ri-um) 
Diadasia (di-ad-as'-i-a) 
Diadophis (di-ad'-6f-is) 



96 DIAMORUS 

Diamorus (dl-am'-6r-us) 

Dianthera* (dl-an'-ther-a, di-an-the'-ra) 

Dianthus* (di-an'-thus, di-an'-thus) 

diapedesis (dl-a-ped-es'-is) 

Diapensia* (di-a-pen'-si-a) 

Diaperis (dl-ap-er'-is) 

Diaphania (di-af-an'-i-a) 

Diaphora* (dl-af'-or-a) 

diaphysis (di-af'-i-sis) 

Diapria (di-ap'-ri-a) 

diarch (dl'-ark) 

Diarrhena* (di-a-rhen'-a) 

Diascia* (di-as'-ki-a) 

Diaspididae (di-as-pid'-i-de) 

Diaspinae (di-as-pl'-ne) 

Diastata (dl-as'-ta-ta) 

diathetic (di-a-thet'-ik) 

diatom (dl'-a-tom, di'-a-tom) 

Diatraea (dl-at-re'-a) 

Diatropura (di-at-rop'-ur-a) 

Diatryma (di-at-rl'-ma) 

Dibelodon (dl-ber-6-don) 

Dicaeum (dl-se'-um) 

Dicamptodon (dl-kamp'-to-don) 

Dicentra* (di-sen'-tra, dis-en'-tra) 

Diceras (dis'-e-ras) 

Diceratherium (dis-er-a-the'-ri-um) 

Diceros (dis'-er-os) 

dichasium (di-ka'-zi-um) 

Dichelesthium (dl-kel-es'-thi-um) 

Dichelostemma* (dl-kel-os-tem'-a) 

Dichelyma (di-keF-i-ma) 



DICHOGAMY 97 

dichogamy (dl-kog'-am-i) 
Dichondra* (di-kon'-dra) 
Dichromanassa (dl-kro-man-as'-a) 
diclinic (di'-klin-ik) 
diclinous (dl'-klin-us) 
Dicoria* (dl-kor'-i-a) 
Dicotyles (di-kot'-i-lez) 
Dicrostonyx (dl-kros'-to-niks) 
Dictamnus* (dik-tam'-nus) 
didactic (di-dak'-tic, di-dak'-tic) 
Didelphys (dl-del'-fis) 
Didineis (di-din'-e-is) 
Didinium (di-din'-i-um) 
Didiplis* (di-di'-plis) 
Didunculus (did-ung'-ku-lus) 
Didymocarpus* (did-im-ok-ar'-pus) 
didymus (did'-i-mus) in pairs. 
didynamous (dl-din'-a-mus) 
Diedrocephala (di-ed-ro-sef'-al-a) 
Dielasma (dl-e-las'-ma) 
Diemictylus (dl-em-ik'-ti-lus) 
Dierama* (di-er-a/-ma) 
Diervilla* (di-er-vil'-a) 
Difflugia (dif-lu'-ji-a) 
Digenea (dl-jen'-e-a, dl-jen'-e-a) 
digenous (dij'-en-us) 
Digera* (dij'-er-a) 
digestion (di-jest'-chun) 
Digitalis* (dij-i-ta'-lis) 
Digitaria* (dij-i-ta'-ri-a) 
digitatus (dij-it-a'-tus) with fingers. 
digitigrade (dij'-it-i-grad) 



98 DIGLOCHIS 

Diglochis (dl-glo'-kis) 

dignabilis (dig-na'-bil-is) worthy. 

Digraphis* (dig'-raf-is) 

digynous (dij'-in-us, dl'-jin-us) 

dihybrid (dl-hl'-brid) 

Dilaridae (dl-lar'-i-de) 

dilatation (dil'-a-ta'-shun, dl-la-ta'-shun) 

dilatatus (di-la-ta/-tus) spread out, enlarged. 

dilate (dl-lat', di-lat') 

dilectus (dl-lek'-tus) precious, valuable. 

Dilophus (dil'-of-us, dl'-lof-us) 

dilute (di-lut' , di-lut') 

dilutior (dl-lu'-ti-or) thinner, weaker, softer. 

Dimecodon (di-me'-ko-don) 

dimeric (dl-mer'-ik) 

dimerous (dim-er'-us) 

dimerus (dim'-er-us) in two parts. 

dimidiate (dl-mid'-i-at, dim-id'-i-at) 

dimidiatus (di-mi-di-a'-tus) halved, half. 

Dimorphotheca* (di-morf-o-the'-ka) 

Dinacrida (di-nak'-ri-da) 

Dinetus (dl-ne'-tus) 

Dineutes (din-u'-tez) 

Dinoceras (di-nos'-er-as) 

Dinoflagellata (din-o-flaj-e-lat'-a) 

dinomic (dl-nom'-ik) 

Dinomys (dl'-no-mis) 

Dinophilea (di-nof-i-le'-a) 

Dinopidae (di-nop'-i-de) 

Dinopis (di-no'-pis) 

dinosaur (dl'-no-sor) 

Dinotherium (di-no-the'-ri-um) 



DINOHYUS 99 

Dinohyus (di-no-hl'-us) 

Diodia* (di-o'-di-a) 

dioecius (dl-e'-shus, di-e'-si-us) 

dioestrus (di-e'-strus) 

dioicous (di-oy'-kus) 

Diomedea (di-o-me-de'-a) 

diomedeus (di-o-med'-e-us) Diomedes, hero at the 

siege of Troy. 
Dionaea* (di-o-ne'-a, di-o-ne'-a) 
Dioon (di-o'-on) 
Diopogon* (dI-6-pog'-6n) 
Diornis (di-orn'-is) 

Dioscorea* (dl-os-ko-re'-a, di-os-kor'-e-a) 
Diosma* (di-oz'-ma, di-os'-ma, di-os'-ma) 
Diospyros* (di-os'-pi-ros) 
Diotis* (di-o'-tis) 
Diphyes (dif'-i-ez) 
Diphylleia* (dl-fi-le'-ya, dif-i-le'-ya) 
Diphyllobothrium (dl-fil-o-both'-ri-um, dif-il-o- 

both'-ri-um) 
diphyllus (dif-il'-us) two-leaved, 
diphyodont (dif'-i-6-dont) 
Diplodocus (dip-lod'-o-kus) 
diploe (dip'-lo-e) 
Diploglossata (dip-16-glos'-at-a) 
diploid (dip'-loyd) 
Diplomys (dip'-16-mis) 
Diplophysa (dip-lo-fl'-sa) 
Diploplectron (dip-16-plek'-tron) 
Diplopoda (dip-lop'-o-da) 
dipnoan (dip'-no-an) 
Dipnoi (dip'-no-i) 



100 



DIPODOMYS 



SUA 




Diplodocus <Gr. diplo- <diploos, double, twofold -\-dokos, a main beam or 
bar. Pronounced: di-plod'-o-kus, not dip-lo-do'-kus. 



Dipodomys (dl-pod'-6-mis) 
Diprion (dip-rl'-on) 
Diprionidae (dip-ri-o'-ni-de) 
diprotodont (di-pro'-to-dont) 
Dipsacus* (dip'-sa-kus) 
Dipsas (dip'-sas) 
Dipsosaurus (dip-so-so'-rus) 
Diptera (dip'-ter-a) 
Dipylidium (dl-pil-id'-i-um) 
Dirca* (der'-ka) 
Dircaea (der-se'-a) 
Dircenna (der-sen'-a) 
dirus (dl'-rus) dreadful, awful, ill-omened. 
Disarenum* (dis-ar'-en-um) 
Dischidia* (dis-kid'-i-a) 
discors (dis'-kors) disagreeing. 
disideratus (dis-id-er-a'-tus) twice sunstruck. 
disjunctus (dis-junkt'-us) separated, distant, re- 
mote, disjoined. 
dispar (dis'-par) unlike, different, unequal. 



DISPERMIC 101 

dispermic (di-sper'-mik) 

Dispholidus (dis-fol'-id-us) 

Disporum* (di-spo'-rum, dis'-por-um) 

dissect (di-sekt') 

dissectus (dis-ekt'-us) deeply cut. 

dissitus (dis'-it-us) remote. 

Dissosteira (dis-os-ti'-ra) 

Dissoura (dis'-ur-a) 

distachyon (dis-tak'-i-on) two-spiked. 

distachyus (dis-ta'-ki-us) two-spiked. 

distans (dis'-tans) standing apart, distant. 

Distichlis* (dis-tik'-lis) 

distichus (dis'-tik-us) 

districhum (dis'-trik-um) 

distylus (dis'-til-us) 

Dithyrea* (dith-i-re'-a) 

Ditoma (dit'-o-ma) 

Ditrocha (dit'-ro-ka) 

ditrochous (dit'-ro-kus) 

Diuris* (di-Q'-ris) 

diurnal (di-ur'-nal) 

diurnus (di-ur'-nus) belonging to the day, of the 
day. 

divaricate (di-var'-i-kat) 

divaricatus (dl-var-i-ka/-tus) spread apart. 

divergens (dl-ver'-jenz) bending, inclining away 
from. 

divergent (di-ver'-jent) 

dives (di'-vez) rich, splendid, precious. 

divisus (di-vl'-sus) divided. 

divulsus (di-vul'-sus) rent asunder, torn, sepa- 
rated. 



102 DIZYGOTHECA 

Dizygotheca* (dl-zl-go-the'-ka) 

dodecagynous (do-de-kaj'-i-nus) 

Dodecatheon* (do-de-kath'-e-on) 

Dodonea* (do-do-ne'-a, dod-on-e'-a) 

Dohrniphora (dor-nif'-6r-a) 

dolabratus (dol-a-bra'-tus) shaped like a pick-ax. 

Dolichoglossus (dol-ik-6-glos'-us) 

Dolicholus* (dol-ik'-ol-us) 

Dolichonyx (dol-ik'-6-niks) 

Dolichopsyllidae (dol-i-ko-psil'-i-de) 

Dolichos* (dol'-i-kos) 

Dolichotis (dol-i-ko'-tis) 

Doliolum (do-li'-o-lum) 

Dolium (do'-li-um) 

Dombeya* (dom-be'-a) 

domesticus (dom-es'-ti-kus) belonging to one's 

family or household. 
domicile (dom'-i-sil) 
Dominula (dom-in'-ul-a) 
donax (do-naks', don'-aks) a sort of reed; also, 

the male scallop or pecten. 
Dondia* (don'-di-a) 
Doris (do'-ris) 

Doronicum* (do-ro-ni'-kum, do-ron'-ik-um) 
Dorosoma (dor-o-so'-ma) 

dorsalis (dor-sa/-lis) pertaining to or of the back. 
Doryanthes* (dor-i-anth'ez) 
Dorycnium* (dor-ik'-ni-um) 
Dosinia (do-sin'-i-a) 
dovekie (duv'-ki) 
Dovyalis* (do-vi'-al-is) 
Dowingia* (dow-inj'-i-a) 



DOWITCHER 103 

dowitcher (dow'-ich-er) 
Downingia* (down-inj'-i-a) 
Doxantha* (doks-an'-tha) 
Draba* (dra/-ba) 
Dracaena* (dra-se'-na) 
Dracocephalum* (drak-6-sef'-al-um) 
Draconis* (drak-o'-nis) 

Dracontium (drak-on'-ti-um, drak-on'-shi-um) 
Drapetes (dra-pet'-ez) 
Drassus (dra'-sus) 
Drasterius (dras-te'-ri-us) 
Dreissena (drl'-se-na) 
Drepana (drep'-a-na) 
Drepane (drep'-a-ne) 
Drepanis (drep'-a-nis) 

drepanophyllus (drep-an-of-il'-us) with sickle- 
shaped leaves. 
Drimys* (drl'-mis) 
Driosporos* (drl-os-po'-ros) 
Dromaeus (dro-me'-us) 
Dromas (dro'-mas) 
dromedary (drom'-e-der-i) 
Dromiacea (dro-mi-a/-se-a) 
Dromicia (dro-mish'-i-a) 
Dromocyon (dro-mo'-si-on) 
Drosera* (dros'-er-a) 
Drosophila (dro-sof'-il-a) 
Drosophilidae (dros-o-nl'-i-de) 
drupe (drup) 

Dryadophis (drl-ad-of'-is) 
Dryas* (drl'-as) 
Dryinidae (drl-in'-i-de) 



104 DRYINUS 

Dryinus (dri'-in-us) 

Drymarchon (drl-mar'-kon) 

Drymnobius (drim-no'-bi-us) 

Drymomys (drim'-o-mis) 

Drynaria* (dri-na'-ri-a) 

Dryobates (dri-6-ba/-tez) 

Dryocopus (dri-ok'-o-pus) 

Dryopetalon* (dri-6-pet'-al-on) 

Dryopithecus (drl-o-pi-the'-kus) 

Dryopteris* (dri-op'-ter-is) 

dubius (dub'-i-us) fluctuating, undecided, moving 

in two ways. 
dugong (du'-gong) 
duiker (dl'-ker) 
dulcamara (dul-ka-ma/-ra) 
dulosis (du-lo'-sis) 
Dulus (du'-lus) 
Dumetella (du-met-el'-a) 
dumetorum (du-me-to'-rum) of thickets, 
duodenal (du-o-de'-nal) 
duodenum (du-od-e'-num, du-6-de'-num) 
duramen (du-ra'-men) 
Durio* (du'-ri-o) 

duriusculus (du-ri-us'-ku-lus) somewhat hard. 
Dyctina (dict'-in-a) 
Dysdera (dis'-der-a) 
Dysdercus (dis-der'-kus) 
Dysodia* (dis-6'-di-a) 
Dyssochroma (dis-sok-ro'-ma) 
Dyssodia* (dis-so'-di-a) 
dystrophic (dis-trof -ik) 
Dytiscidae (dl-tis'-i-de) 



EACLES 105 

E 

Eacles (e'-a-klez) 

Earina* (e-ar'-in-a) 

ebracteatus (e-brak-te-a'-tus) without bracts. 

ebrius (eb'-ri-us) drunken. 

Eburia (e-bu'-ri-a) 

eburneus (e-bur'-ne-us) of ivory. 

ecalcaratus (e-kal-kar-a/-tus) without spurs. 

Ecballium* (ek-bar-i-um) 

Eccremocarpus* (ek-rem-6-kar'-pus) 

ecderon (ek'-der-on) 

ecdysis (ek'-dl-sis) 

Ecdyuridae (ek-di-ur'-i-de) 

echard (ek-ard') 

Echeveria* (ek-ev-e'-ri-a) 

Echimys (ek-i'-mis) 

Echinacea* (ek-I-na/-se-a) 

echinatus (ek-in-a'-tus) prickly, spiny. 

Echinochloa* (ek-I-nok'-lo-a) 

Echinococcus (ek-i-no-ko'-kus) 

Echinocystis* (ek-i-no-sis'-tis) 

Echinodermata (ek-in-o-der'-mat-a) 

Echinodorus* (ek-I-no-do'-rus) 

Echinoidea (ek-in-oy'-de-a) 

echinoides (ek-I-no-l'-dez) hedgehog-like, prickly. 

Echinophora* (ek-In-of'-o-ra) 

Echinophthiriidae (ek-I-nof-thir-l'-i-de) 

Echinops* (ek-i'-nops) 

Echinopsis* (ek-i-nop'-sis) 

Echinosorex (ek-I-no-so'-reks) 

Echinospermum* (ek-I-nos-per'-mum) 

echinulate (ek-in'-u-lat) 



106 ECHIOGLOSSUM 

Echioglossum* (ek-i-o-glos'-um, ek-i-o-glos'-um) 
Echis (ek'-is) 
Echites* (ek-i'-tez) 
Echium* (ek'-i-um) 
Echiurus (ek-i-u'-rus) 
Eciton (es'-i-ton) 
Eclipta* (e-klip'-ta) 
eclosion (ek-lo'-zhun) 
ecobiotic (e-ko-bl-ot'-ik) 
ecology (e-kol'-6-ji) 
Ectobia (ek-to'-bi-a) 
Ectrichodia (ek-tri-ko'-di-a) 
edaphic (e-daf'-ik) 
edaphon (ed'-af-on) 
edax (e'-daks) gluttonous, 
edentulus (e-dent'-u-lus) toothless. 
Edraianthus* (ed-ra-i-an'-thus) 
Edriaster (ed-ri-as'-ter) 
edulis (ed-u'-lis) edible. 
effector (ef-ekt'-6r, ef-ekt'-er) 
efferent (ef'-er-ent) 
efferus (ef'-er-us) wild, fierce, 
efficax (ef'-i-kaks) powerful, efficient. 
effusus (ef-u'-sus) loose-spreading. 
Ega (eg'-a) 

egenus (ej-e'-nus) needy, in want of, poor, worth- 
less. 
egg (eg) 

Eglanteria* (eg-lan-te'-ri-a) 
egret (e'-gret, eg'-ret) 
Egretta (e-gret'-a) 
Eichhornia* (ik-hor'-ni-a) 



ELACHISTA 107 

Elachista (el-a-kis'-ta) 

Elachistodon (el-a-kist'-o-don) 

Elaeagnus* (el-e-ag'-nus) 

Elaeis* (e-le'-is) 

elaeocyte (el-e'-6-sit) 

elaioplast (el-i'-o-plast) 

Elanoides (el-a-no-i'-des, el-a-noy'-des) 

Elanus (el'-a-nus) 

Elaphe (el'-a-fe) 

Elaphodus (e-laf-6-dus) 

Elaphoglossum* (el-af-og-los'-um, el-af-og-los'-um) 

Elaphrium* el-af'-ri-um) 

Elaphrus (el-af -rus) 

Elaphus (el'-a-fus) 

Elaps (e'-laps) 

Elasmognathus (el-as-mog'-na-thus) 

elassodon (el-as'-6-don) a driving tooth. 

Elassoma (el-a-so'-ma) 

elater (el'-a-ter) 

Elateridae (el-a-ter'-i-de) 

Elatine* (el-at-i'-ne) 

elatior (e-la'-ti-or) 

elatus (e-la'-tus) high, tall. 

Eledone (el-e-do'-ne) 

Eleocharis (el-e-ok'-a-ris) 

Eleodes (el-e-o'-dez) 

Eleotris (el-e-o'-tris) 

Elephantopus* (el-e-fan'-to-pus) 

Elephas (el'-e-fas) 

Eleusine* (el-u-sl'-ne) 

Eleutherurus (el-u-the-ru'-rus) 

Elgaria (el-ga'-ri-a) 



108 ELIGULATE 

eligulate (e-lig'-Q-lat) 

Elis (e'-lis) 

Elodea* (e-lo'-de-a, el-6-de'-a) 

elongatus (e-lon-ga/-tus) removed, kept aloof. 

Elops (el'-ops) 

Elymus* (er-i-mus) 

Elysia (e-lis'-i-a) 

Elytraria* (el-I-tra'-ri-a) 

elytrum (er-i-trum) 

Emballonura (em-bal-o-nu'-ra) 

Emberiza (em-ber-i'-za) 

Embernagra (em-ber-na'-gra) 

Embiidae (em-bi'-i-de) 

Embioptera (em-bi-op'-te-ra) 

embryo (em'-bri-o) 

embryonal (em-bri-on'-al) 

emendation (e-men-da'-shun, em-en-da/-shun) 

Emerita (e-mer'-i-ta) 

Emesa (em'-es-a) 

Emesis (em'-e-sis) 

eminens (em'-i-nenz) prominent, lofty. 

Empetrum* (em-pet'-rum) 

Emphytus* (em'-fit-us) 

Empididae (em-pid'-i-de) 

Empidonax (em-pid'-o-naks) 

Emyda (em'-i-da) 

Emys (e'-mis) 

Enaliornis (en-al-i-6r'-nis) 

Enallagma (en-al-ag'-ma) 

enantius (en-an'-ti-us) opposite. 

encaustus (en-ko'-stus) burned in. 

Encelia* (en-seT-i-a, en-sel'-i-a) 



ENCELIOPSIS 



109 



Enceliopsis* (en-sel-i-op'-sis) 
Enchelys (en'-ke-lis) 
Enchenopa (en-ken-o'-pa) 
enchylema (eng-kil-e'-ma) 
Enchytraeus (eng-ki-tre'-us) 
Encope (en'-ko-pe) 
Encrinus (en'-kri-nus) 
Encyrtidae (en-ser'-ti-de) 
endemic (en-dem'-ik, en-dem'-ik) 
endocrine (en'-do-krin, en'-do-krin) 
endogenous (en-doj'-e-nus) 
endognathal (en-dog'-na-thal) 
endolysin (en-dol'-is-in) 
Endomychidae (en-do-mik'-ide) 
Endomychus (en-dom'-i-kus) 
endopodite (en'-dop-6-dit, en-dop'-o-dit) 
Endymion* (en-dim'-i-on) 
energid (en-er'-jid) 
enerterus (en-er'-ter-us) 
Engystomatidae (en-ji-stom-at'-i-de) 




Enhydra. The generic name of the sea-otter. <Gr. enydris, the otter 
<enydros, living in water. The accent is on the antepenult. Pronounced: 
en'-hi-dra. 



110 ENHYDRA 

Enhydra (en'-hi-dra) 

Enicocephalidae (en-i-ko-se-fal'-i-de) 

enixus (e-niks'-us) ascending, bringing forth. 

enneaphyllus (en-e-a-nl'-us) nine-leaved. 

Ennearthron (en-e-ar'-thron) 

Enneopogon* (en-e-o-pog'-on) 

Enoclerus (en-ok-le'-rus) 

Enodia (en-od'-i-a) 

Enophrys (e-nof'-ris) 

Ensatina (en-sat-In'-a) 

ensatus (en-sat'-us) sword-like. 

Ensete* (en-se'-te) 

ensifolia (en-si-fol'-i-a, en-si-fo'-li-a) with sword- 
like leaves. 

Entemobryidae (en-tem-ob-rl'-i-de) 

enteron (en'-ter-on) 

Entomostraca (en-to-mos'-tra-ka) 

Entosphenus (en-to-sfe'-nus) 

enucleator (e-nu-kle-a/-tor) a taker out of kernels, 
one who shells nuts. 

enzyme (en'-zlm, en'-zim) 

Eoanthropus (e-6-an-thro'-pus) 

Eocene (e'-6-sen) 

Eogaea (e-o-je'-a) 

Eohippus (e-6-hip'-us) 

Eois (e-o'-is) 

Eopsaltria (e-o-sol'-tri-a) 

eos (e'-os) sunrise. 

Eosentomidae (e-os-en-tom'-i-de) 

Eosentomon (e-o-sen'-to-mon) 

Epacris* (ep'-a-kris, ep-ak'-ris) 

Epeira (ep-l'-ra) 



EPEIRIDAE 



111 



Ephedra <L. ephedra, the horsetail 
<Gr. ephedra <ephedros, sitting upon. 
Pronounced: ef-e'-dra; the Century 
Dictionary places the accent upon the 
first syllable, ef'-e-dra. 




Epeiridae (e-pl'-ri-de) 
Ephedra* (ef-ed'-ra) 
Ephemerellidae (ef-e-mer-er-i-de) 
ephemerid (ef-em'-e-rid) 
Ephemeridae (ef-e-mer'-i-de) 
Ephestia (ef-es'-ti-a) 
Ephydra (ef'-ld-ra) 
ephydrid (ef'-i-drid) 
ephyra (ef'-i-ra) 
Epicauta (ep-i-ko'-ta) 
epichilium (ep-i-kir-i-um) 
Epicrates (e-pik'-ra-tez) 
Epidendrum* (ep-id-en'-drum) 
epididymis (ep-i-did'-i-mis) 
Epigaea* (ep-i-je'-a) 
epigamic (ep-i-gam'-ik) 
epigenesis (ep-i-jen'-e-sis) 
epigeous (ep-ij-e'-us) of the earth, 
epigynous (ep-ij'-i-nus) 
Epihippus (ep-i-hip'-us) 



112 EPIBULUS 

Epibulus (ep-ib'-u-lus) 

epilimnion (ep-i-lim-nl'-on, ep-i-lim'-ni-on) 

Epilobium* (ep-i-lo'-bi-um, ep-il-ob'-i-um) 

Epimachus (e-pim'-a-kus, ep-im'-a-kus) 

Epimartyria (ep-i-mar-ti'-ri-a) 

Epimedium* (ep-im-e'-di-um) 

epimere (ep'-i-mer) 

epimerite (ep-i-mer'-It, ep'-i-mer-It) 

epimeron (ep-i-me'-ron) 

epiotic (ep-i-6t'-ik) 

Epipactis* (ep-i-pak'-tis) 

Epiphyllum* (ep-if-ir-um) 

epiphysis (e-pif'-i-sis, pi. e-pif'-i-sez) 

epiploon (e-pip'-lo-on) 

epipodite (ep-ip'-o-dit) 

epipodium (ep-i-po'-di-um) 

Epipogium (ep-i-po'-ji-um) 

epithelium (ep-i-the'-li-um, pi. ep-i-the'-li-a) 

epithymoides (ep-ith-I-mo-l'-dez) thyme-like. 

epitoke (ep'-i-tok) 

epitokus (ep-it'-o-kus) 

Epitonium (ep-i-ton'-i-um) 

Epochra (ep-ok'-ra) 

epsilus (ep-si'-lus) somewhat bare. 

Eptatretus (ep-ta-tre'-tus) 

Eptesicus (ep-tes'-i-kus) 

equine (ek'-wln) 

Equisetum* (ek-wi-se'-tum) 

Equus (ek'-wiis) 

Eragrostis* (er-a-gros'-tis) 

Eranthemum* (e-ran'-the-mum) 

Eranthis* (e-ran'-this) 



ERATO 113 

Erato (er'-a-to) 

Erax (e'-raks) 

erebenus (er-e'-ben-us) black. 

Erechtites* (er-ek-ti'-tez) 

erector (er-ek'-tor) 

erectus (e-rekt'-us) straight up. 

Eremian (er-e'-mi-an) 

eremicola (er-e-mik'-ol-a) a desert-dweller. 

eremicolor (er-em-i-kul'-or) 

eremicus (er-e'-mik-us) of deserts, pertaining to 
deserts or sandy plains, solitary, lonely. 

eremobic (er-e-mo'-bik) 

eremology (er-em-ol'-o-ji) 

Eremomela (er-e-mom'-e-la) 

Eremophila (er-e-mof'-i-la) 

eremophyte (er-em'-of-it) 

Eremopterix (er-em-op'-ter-iks) 

Eremorhax (er-e'-mo-racks) 

Eremurus* (er-e-mu'-rus) 

erepsin (er-ep'-sin) 

Erethizon (er-e-thi'-zon) 

Eretmochelys (er-et-mok'-e-lis) 

Ereunetes (e-rQ-ne'-tez) 

ergates (er-ga'-tez) a worker. 

Ergaticus (er-gat'-i-kus) 

Erica* (e-rl'-ka) 

Ericameria* (e-rl-ka-me'-ri-a) 

ericetorum (e-rl-se-to'-rum) of heather, heather- 
loving. 

ericifolius (er-Is-i-for-i-us, er-is-i-fo'-li-us) erica- 
leaved . 

Erigenia* (e-ri-jen'-i-a) 



114 



ERIGENS 







MVD-. 



Erethizon <Gr. erelhizon, the porcupine. Pronounced: er-e-thl'-zon, not 

er-eth'-i-zon. 



erigens (e'-ri-jenz) raising. 

Erigeron* (e-rij'-er-on, e-rij'-er-on) 

Erignathus (e-rig'-na-thus) 

Erigone (e-rig'-6-ne) 

erinaceus (er-in-a'-se-us) 

Erineum (er-l'-ne-um) 

Eringium* (er-in'-ji-um) 

Erinus* (er-i'-nus) 

Eriobotrya* (er-i-ob-ot'-ri-a) 

Eriocaulon* (er-i-ok-o'-lon) 

Eriocera (er-i-os'-e-ra) 

Eriochilus* (er-i-ok-I'-lus) 

Eriochloa* (er-i-ok'-lo-a) 

Eriocoma* (er-i-ok'-om-a) 

Eriodes (er-i-o'-dez) 

Eriogonum* (er-i-og'-6n-um) 

eriomerus (er-i-o'-me-rus) with woolly parts. 

Eriophorum* (er-i-of-or-um) 

eriophorus (er-i-of-or-us) wool-bearing. 

Eriophyes (er-i-6-fT-Oz | 



ERIOPHYLLA 



115 



Eriogonum <Gr. erios, wool+gowy, joint. Accent on 
antepenult (og) since the penult o is not considered 
long it being derived from the Gr. short o. (omi- 
cron). Pronounced: er-i-og'-o-num. 




eriophylla (er-i-of-il'-a) woolly-leaved. 

Eriophyllum* (er-i-of-ir-um) 

eriospathus (er-i-os-pa'-thus) woolly-spathed. 

Eriphia (e-rif'-i-a) 

Erismatura (er-is-mat-ur'-a) 

Eristalis (er-is'-ta-lis) 

Erisyphe* (er-is-i'-fe) 

Erithrina* (er-ith-ri'-na) 

ermineus (er-min'-e-us) ermine-like, spotted like 

the ermine. 
Erodium* (e-rod r -i-um) 



%> 




Eriophyllum <Gr. erios, \voo\-\-pyl- 
lon, leaf. The penult is long because 
the vowel is followed by a double 
consonant. Pronounced: e-ri-of-il'-um, 
not er-i-of'-il-um. 



116 EROGENOUS 

erogenous (e-roj'-e-nus) 

Erophila* (er-of -il-a) 

erosus (e-ro'-sus) jagged, gnawed. 

Erotylidae (er-o-til'-i-de) 

erraticus (er-at'-ik-us) wandering, straying. 

erromenus (er-om'-en-us) strong, robust. 

erubescens (e-rub-es'-senz) blushing. 

erucifolius (e-ru-si-fol'-i-us, e-rii-si-fo'-li-us) with 

Eruca-like leaves, 
eruciform (e-ru'-si-form) 

erumpens (e-rum'-penz) breaking forth, bursting. 
Ervum* (er'-vum) 
Eryngium* (e-rin'-ji-um) 
Erysimum* (e-ris'-im-um) 
Erythacus (er-ith'-a-kus) 
Erythea* (er-ith-e'-a) 
erythraeus (er-ith-re'-us) reddish. 
Erythrea* (er-ith-re'-a) 
Erythrina (er-ith-rl'-na) 
erythrocyte (er-ith'-ro-slt) 
Erythronium* (er-ith-ro'-ni-um) 
erythropus (er-ith'-rop-us) red-footed, red stalked. 
Eryx (e'-riks) 

Escallonia* (es-ka-lo'-ni-a) 
Eschara (es'-ka-ra) 
Eschscholtzia* (es-sholt'-zi-a) 
esculentus (es-kul-ent'-us) edible, 
esodic (e-sod'-ik) 
esophagus (e-so'-fa-gus) 
Esox (e'-soks) 
esoteric (es-o-ter'-ik) 
Estigmene (es-tig-me'-ne) 



ETHMIA 117 

Ethmia (eth'-mi-a) 

etiolation (e-ti-6-la/-shun) 

Euarctos (Q-ark'-tos) 

Eublepharis (u-blef-a-ris) 

Eucharis (u'-ka-ris) 

Euchira (u-ki'-ra) 

Euchlaena* (Q-kle'-na) 

euchlorus (u-klo'-rus) beautiful-green. 

Euchone (Q-ko'-ne) 

Euchoreutes (u-kor-oo'-tez) 

Euchroma* (Q-kro'-ma) 

Euclea (u-kle'-a) 

Eucleidae* (u-kle'-i-de) 

Eucnetus (uk-ne'-tus) 

Eucnide* (Q-knl'-de) 

Eucodonia* (Q-ko-do'-ni-a) 

Euconnus (u-kon'-us) 

Eucope (Q-ko'-pe) 

Eudistylia (Q-di-sti'-li-a) 

Eudocimus (u-dos'-i-mus) 

Eudolon* (Q'-dol-on) 

Eudynamis (u-dl'-na-mis) 

Euelephus (u-el'-e-fus) 

Eufragia* (u-fra'-ji-a) 

Eugenes (u-je'-nez) 

eugenics (u-jen'-iks) 

Euglandina (u-glan-dl'-na) 

Eulabes (u'-la-bez) 

Eulalia* (u-lal'-i-a) 

Eulecanium (u-lek-an'-i-um) 

Eulophidae (u-lof'-i-de) 

Eulophus* (u'-lo-fus) 



118 EUMECES 

Eumeces (u-me'-sez) 

Eumenes (ti'-men-ez) 

Eumenidae (ti-men'-i-de) 

Eumycophyta (u-mi-kof'-it-a) 

Eunice (u-ni'-se) 

Euonymus* (u-o'-nim-us, Q-on'-i-mus) 

Eupagurus (u-pa-gu'-rus) 

Eupatorium* (u-pa-to'-ri-um, u-pat-6r'-i-um) 

Eupetes (u'-pe-tez) 

Euphagus (u'-fag-us) 

Euphausia (Q-fa-ush'-i-a) 

Euphlebia* (u-fleb'-i-a) 

Euphorbia* (Q-for'-bi-a) 

Euphrasia* (ti-fra'-shi-a, u-fra/-si-a) 

Euphuta (u-fu'-ta) 

Euplectella (u-plek-tel'-a) 

Eupleres (u-ple'-rez) 

Euplotes (ti-plo'-tez) 

Eupoda (Q-po'-da, ii'-pod-a) 

Eupodotis (Q-po-do'-tis) 

Euproctis (u-prok'-tis) 

Eupsalis (up'-sal-is) 

Euptelea* (up-te'-le-a) 

eurocarpus (u-ro-kar'-pus) with broad fruit. 

europhilus (ti-rof'-il-us) loving the southeast wind. 

Euryalae (Q-ri-al'-e) 

Eurycea (ii-ris'-e-a) 

euryhaline (u-ri-hal'-In) 

Eurymus (u'-ri-mus) 

euryphagus (u-rif'-a-gus) 

Eurytoma (Q-rit'-om-a) 

eurytopic (u-ri-top'-ik) 



EUSCAPHIS 119 

Euscaphis* (u'-skaf-is) 

Euschistus (u-shis'-tus) 

Eustachian (u-sta'-ki-an) 

eustele (us-te'-le) 

Eustoma* (u'-stom-a) 

Eutaenia (Q-te'-ni-a) 

Eutamias (u-ta'-mi-as) 

euthenics (u-then'-iks) 

euthycomous (u-thik'-om-us) 

Eutrema* (u-tre'-ma) 

Euxesta (Qks-es'-ta) 

evagor (e-va/-gor) wandering, roaming; also, ful- 
filling. 

evanidus (e-va'-ni-dus) frail, feeble. 

Evaniidae (e-van-i'-i-de) 

Evax* (e'-vaks) 

evexus (e-veks'-us) rounding off near the top. 

Evides (ev'-i-dez) 

evocator (ev-ok-at'-or) 

evolution (e-vo-lu'-shun; in England, e-vo-lu'- 
shun) 

Evolvulus* (e-vol'-vul-us) 

evotis (e-vo'-tis) 

Evotomys (e-vot'-o-mis) 

Exacum (eks'-ak-um) 

Excaecaria (eks-se-ka/-ri-a) 

excelsior (ek-sel'-si-or) still higher. 

exciple (ek'-si-pl) 

excisus (ek-si'-sus) cut away. 

exconjugant (eks-kon'-joo-gant) 

excrement (eks'-kre-ment) 

excreta (eks-kre'-ta) 



120 EXCRETIVE 

excretive (eks-kre'-tiv, eks'-kre-tiv) 

excretory (eks'-kre-to-ri) 

Exetastes* (eks-e-tas'-tez) 

exhale (eks-hal', eg-zal') 

exiguus (eks-ij'-u-us) briefly, sparingly, small. 

exilis (ex-ll'-is) small, weak, tender. 

eximius (eks-i'-mi-us) select, uncommon. 

Exitelia* (eks-it-e'-li-a) 

exites (eks'-its) 

Exogonium (eks-o-gon'-i-um) 

exogyrus (eks-oj'-i-rus) 

exopodite (eks-op'-o-dlt) 

Exoprosopa (eks-op-ros-op'-a) 

Exothea* (eks-oth'-e-a) 

Exothostemon (eks-6-thos'-te-mon) 

exotic (egz-ot'-ik) 

exoticus (eks-ot'-ik-us) from another country. 

exsputus (eks-spu'-tus) spit out, removed. 

extensus (eks-ten'-sus) spread out, stretched out. 

extimus (eks'-ti-mus) most remote. 

exustus (eks-us'-tus) burned up, consumed. 

exuviae (eks-u'-vi-e) 



faba (fab'-a) a bean. 

Fabaceae* (fab-a'-se-e) 

Fabago* (fab-a/-go) 

fabarius (fab-a/-ri-us) bean-like. 

Fabia (fa'-bi-a) 

facies (fas'-i-ez, fa'-shi-ez) face, figure, shape. 

faeces (fe'-sez, pi. of L. fex) 

Fagara* (fa-ga'-ra) 



FAGINEUS 



121 



fagineus (fa-jin'-e-us) of beech, of the beech tree. 
Fagonia* (fa-go'-ni-a) 

Fagopyrum* (fa-go-pi'-rum, fa-gop-i'-rum) 
Fagus* (fa/-gus) 

falcatus (fal-ka'-tus) hooked, curved, sickle- 
shaped. 
falcinellus (fal-sin-e'-lus) a small scythe. 
falciparus (fal-si'-par-us) sickle-producing. 



Falcon <early modern English 
< Middle English fawken or falkon 
<Late Gr. falkon. Pronounced: 
fo'-kn. 




falcon (fo'-kn, fol'-kn) 

falconet (fo'-ko-net, fal'-ko-net) 

falconry (fo'-kn-ri) 

fallax (fal'-aks) deceptive. 

Farancia (fa-ran'-shi-a) 

farinose (far'-i-nos) 

farinosus (far-i-no'-sus) of meal, mealy. 

fascia (fa'-shi-a, pi. fa'-shi-e) 

fasciatus (fas-si-a'-tus) of bundles, bundled. 

fascinator (fas-sin-a/-tor) an enchanter. 

fasciola (fas-si'-o-la) a strip of cloth. 



122 FASCIOLAR 

fasciolar (fas-si'-o-lar) 

Fasciolaria (fas-si-o-la/-ri-a) 

fasciole (fas'-si-ol) 

fastigiatus (fas-ti-ji-a'-tus) 

fastigium (fas-ti'-ji-um) 

fastuosus (fas-tu-o'-sus) proud. 

Fatsia* (fat'-si-a) 

fatuus (fat'-u-us) insipid, tasteless; also, simple, 

foolish. 
fauces (fo'-sez, sing, fo'-ks) 

faustus (fos'-tus) favorable, fortunate, auspicious. 
faveolus (fav-e'-ol-us) 
favulosus (fav-u-los'-us) full of small cells, a 

honey comb. 
febrile (fe'-bril, feb'-ril) 
fecal (fe'-kl) 
feces (fe'-sez) 

fecund (fe'-kund, fek'-und) 
fecundity (fe-kun'-di-ti) 
Fedia* (fe'-di-a) 
Feijoa* (fe-jo'-a) 
Felicia* (fe-li'-shi-a) 
feline (fe'-lin, fe'-lin) 
Felis (fe'-lis) 

fenisex (fe'-ni-seks) a mower, 
fennec (fen'-ek) 
feral (fe'-ral) 

ferreus (fer'-e-us) made of iron; also, firm, fixed, 
ferrugineus (fer-u-ji'-ne-us) dark-red, rust-colored, 

dusky. 
Ferula* (fer'-ul-a) 
festinus (fes-tln'-us) quick. 



FETOSUS 123 

fetosus (fe-tos'-us) prolific. 

Festuca* (fes-tu'-ka) 

fetid (fe'-tid, fet'-id) 

fibril (fi'-bril) 

fibulare (fib-u-la/-re) 

Ficaria* (fl-ka'-ri-a) 

ficifolius (fl-si-fol'-i-us, fl-si-fo'-li-us) with leaves 

like the fig tree {Ficus). 
ficiform (fls'-i-form) fig-form 
Ficimia (fl-sim'-i-a) 
Ficus* (fi'-kus) 
Fidonia* (fl-do'-ni-a) 
figwort (fig'-wert) 
Filago* (fi-la'-go) 
Filaria (fil-a'-ri-a) 
Filicinae* (fil-i-sl'-ne) 
filicoides (fil-ik-o-i'-dez) 
filicula (fil-ik'-ul-a) a rock-fern, polypody, 
filiferus (fl-lif'-er-us) bearing threads. 
filiformis (fl-li-for'-mis) thread-like in form. 
Filipendula* (fi-lip-en'-du-la) 
Filipes* (fi'-lip-ez) 
Filistata (fil-is-ta'-ta) 
filoplume (fi'-lo-plum) 
filosa (fll-os'-a) full of threads. 
filose (fl'-los) 

fimbriatus (fim-bri-a'-tus) fringed, cut in shreds. 
Firmiana* (fer-mi-a'-na) 
fission (fi'-shun) 
fissiparous (fis-ip'-ar-us) 
fissus (fis'-us) divided, separated, 
fistulosus (fis-tu-lo'-sus) tubular, pipe-like. 



124 FLABELLA 

flabella (fla-bel'-um) 

Flabellina(fla-bel-In'-a) 

flaccid (flak'-sid) 

flaccus (flak'-us) flabby, hanging down. 

Flacourtia* (flak-6rt'-i-a) 

flagellaris (fla-jel-a'-ris) whip-like. 

flagellum (fla-jer-um, pi. fla-jel'-a) 

flammeolus (fla-me'-ol-us) 

flammeus (fla'-me-us) flaming, fiery-red. 

flammulatus (flam-ul-a'-tus) provided with little 

flames. 
flavescens (fla-ves'-senz) growing yellow, yellow, 
flavidus (fla/-vi-dus) of golden yellow, yellowish. 
flavirameus (flav-i-ra'-me-us) yellow-branched. 
flavovirens (fla-vo'-vi-renz) yellow-green. 
flavus (fla/-vus) golden-yellow, of the color of flax. 
flexuosus (fleks-u-o'-sus) full of turns or windings, 

tortuous, crooked. 
Floerkia* (fler'-ki-a) 
flora (flo'-ra) 
flore-pleno (flo'-re-ple'-no) with full or double 

flowers. 
floridanus (flor-id-a'-nus) of Florida. 
Floscularia (flos-ku-la'-ri-a) 
Flourensia* (flur-en'-si-a) 
fluitans (flu'-i-tans, flob'-it-anz) floating. 
fluviatilis (flu-vi-a'-ti-lis) of or belonging to a 

river, 
fodiens (fod'-i-enz) digging. 
Foeniculum* (fe-nik'-ul-um) 
foetens (fe'-tenz) ill-scented, stinking. 
foetid (fe'-tid, fe'-tid) 



FOETIDISSIMUS 125 

foetidissimus (fe-tid-is'-i-mus) most fetid, foul- 

odored. 
foetidus (fe'-ti-dus) ill smelling, foul, stinking. 
foetus (fe'-tus, pi. fe'-tus-ez) 
foliation (fo-li-a'-shun) 
foliole (fo'-li-ol) 

foliolosus (fol-i-ol-o'-sus) with leaflets. 
folium (fo'-li-um) 
folsomi (fol'-som-I) 
fontanus (fon-tan'-us) of or from a spring or 

fountain, 
fontinalis (fon-tin-a/-lis) relating to a spring. 
foramen (fo-ra/-men, pi. fo-ram'-in-a) 
Foraminifera (fo-ram-i-nif'-er-a) 
Forchammeria* (for-sham-e'-ri-a) 
forehead (for'-ed) 
Forestiera* (for-es-ti-e'-ra) 
forficatus (for-fik-a'-tus) deeply notched, 
forficulidae (for-fi-kti'-li-de) 
Formica (for-mi'-ka) 
Formicidae (for-mis'-i-de) 

formosus (for-mo'-sus) beautiful, finely formed, 
fossa (fos'-a, pi. fos'-e) 
fossor (fo'-sor) a digger. 
Fouquieria* (fQ-ki-e'-ri-a) 
fovea (fo'-ve-a) 
foveiform (fo-ve'-i-form) 
foveola (fo-ve'-o-la) 
foveolate (fo-ve'-6-lat) 
Fragaria* (fra-ga'-ri-a) 

fragiferus (fra-ji'-fer-us) strawberry-bearing. 
fragilis (fra'-ji-lis) fragile, brittle; also, weak. 



126 FRAGROSUS 

fragrosus (frag-ro'-sus) fragile. 

Francolinus (frang-ko-ll'-nus) 

Frankenia* (frank-en'-i-a) 

frater (fra'-ter) a brother. 

Fratercula (fra-ter'-ku-la) 

fraterculus (fra-ter'-ku-lus) a little brother; also, of 

unknown parents. 
Fraxinus* (frak'-si-nus) 
Fregata (fre-ga'-ta) 
Fregilus (frej'-i-lus) 
frenulatus (fre-nu-la'-tus) bridled, 
frenulum (fren'-u-lum, fre'-nu-lum) 
frenum (fre'-num) 

frequens (fre'-kwenz) often, repeatedly. 
Friesia* (fre'-si-a) 
frigidus (frl'-ji-dus) cold. 
Fritillaria* (frit-il-a/-ri-a) 
frondator (fron-da/-tor) one who strips leaves, a 

pruner. 
frons (fronz) a leafy branch, 
frontal (frun'-tal) 

fructivorous (fruk-ti'-vor-us) fruit-eating. 
fructose (fruk'-t5s, frook'-tos) 
frumentaceous (froo-men-ta'-shus) 
frustror (frus'-tror) deceiving, useless. 
frustulentus (frust-u-len'-tus) filled with small 

pieces, a bit, a piece. 
frutescens (frut-es'-enz) becoming shrubby. 
frutex (frut'eks) a bush, 
fruticosus (frut-i-ko'-sus) shrubby, bushy, full of 

bushes. 



FRUTICULOSUS 127 

fruticulosus (frut-ik-ul-o'-sus) putting forth many 

small shoots, to put forth shoots, 
fuchsia (fu'-shi-a) 
Fuchsia* (fo6k'-si-a, fu'-shi-a) 
fucosus (fu-ko'-sus) 
Fucus* (fu'-kus) 
fugacious (fu-ga/-shus) 
fugax (fug'-aks) swift, fleet, 
fugiens (fu'-ji-enz) fleeing. 
fulgens (fur-jenz) glowing. 
fulgidus (fur-ji-dus) glittering, flashing. 
Fulgoridae (ful-gor'-i-de) 
fulgurans (ful'-gu-ranz) flashing, glittering. 
Fulica (fii'-li-ka) 

fulicarius (fu-lik-a/-ri-us) coot-like. 
Fulix (fu'-liks) 

fullonum (ful-on'-um) of one who fulls cloth. 
fulmar (fool-mer) 
Fulmarus (fool'-ma-rus) 

fulvus (ful'-vus) tawny, gold-colored, deep yellow. 
Fumaria* (fu-ma/-ri-a) 
fumeus (fu'-me-us) smoky, full of smoke. 
Funastrum* (fu-nas'-trum) 

funebralis (fu-ne-bra/-lis) pertaining to the dead. 
Fungi* (fun'-jl) 
Fungia (fun'-ji-a) 
fungus (fung'-us, pi. fun'-jl) 
funicle (fun'-ikl) 
funiculus (fun-ik'-ul-us) 
furax (fii'-raks) given to stealing. 
furcatus (fur-ka/-tus) forked. 
Furcraea* (fur-kre'-a) 



128 FURCULA 

furcula (fur'-ku-la) 

furfurosus (fur-fur-o'-sus) brownish, like bran, 
furvus (fur'-vus) dark, dusky, black, 
fuscatus (fus-ka'-tus) 

fuscipes (fus'-si-pez) dusky-footed or black- 
footed, 
fuscus (fus'-kus) dark-tawny. 
Fusicladium* (fti-sik-lad'-i-um) 
fusiform (fu'-si-form) 
Fusinus (fu'-sin-us) 

G 

Galactia* (ga-lak'-ti-a, ga-lak'-shi-a) 

galactophorous (gal-akt-of'-or-us) 

Galago (ga-la'-go) 

Galanthus* (ga-lan'-thus) 

Galax* (ga'-laks, gal'-aks) 

galea (gal'-e-a, ga'-le-a) a helmet. 

Galeata* (gal-e-a'-ta) 

galeatus (gal-e-a'-tus) helmeted. 

Galedupa* (gal-e'-dup-a) 

Galega* (gal-e'-ga) 

Galemys (gal'-e-mis) 

Galeobdolon (ga-le-ob'-dol-on, gal-e-ob'-dol-on) 

galeodes (gal-e-o'-dez) like a shark. 

Galeopithecus (ga-le-o-pi-the'-kus) 

Galeopsis* (ga-le-op'-sis, gal-e-op'-sis) 

Galera (gal-e'-ra) 

galericulatus (gal-e-ri-kul-a'-tus) hooded. 

Galerida (gal-er'-id-a) 

Galeruca (gal-e-roo'-ka) 

Galgulus (gal'-gu-lus) 



GALICTIS 129 

Galictis (gal-ik'-tis) 

Galidia (ga-lid'-i-a) 

Galium* (ga/-li-um, gal'-i-um) 

Galleria (gal-er'-i-a) 

Galleriidae (gal-er-l'-i-de) 

Gallerucella (gal-er-us-el'-a) 

gallicus (gal'-i-kus) French, from Gaul. 

gallina (gal-In'-a) a hen. 

Gallinago (gal-i-na/-go) 

Gallinula (gal-in'-u-la) 

Gallirallus (gal-i-ral'-us) 

Gallus (gal'-us) 

gambusia (gam-bu'-si-a) nothing. 

gametal (gam-e'-tal) 

gametangium (gam-e-tan'-ji-um) 

gamete (ga'-met, ga-met') 

gametids (gam-e'-tidz) 

gametogenesis (gam-e-to-jen'-e-sis) 

gametophyta (ga-me-tof'-it-a) 

gametophyte (ga-me'-to-flt) 

Gammaridia (gam-ar-id'-i-a) 

Gammarus (gam'-a-rus) 

Gamolepis* (gam-or-ep-is) 

gangrenosus (gan-gren-o'-sus) full of eating sores. 

gape (gap, gap) 

Garcinia* (gar-sin'-i-a) 

Gardenia* (gar-de'-ni-a; gar-den'-i-a) 

Gasteria* (gas-te'-ri-a, gas-ter'-ia) 

gastraea (gas-tre'-a) 

Gastridium* (gas-trid'-i-um) 

Gastrochaena (gas-tro-ke'-na 

gastrocnemius (gas-trok-ne'-mi-us) 



130 GASTROPACHA 

Gastropacha (gas-trop'-a-ka) 

Gastrophilus (gas-trof'-i-lus) 

Gastrophryne (gas-tro-frl'-ne) 

Gastropoda (gas-trop'-od-a) 

gastrula (gas'-tru-la) 

Gaultheria* (gol-the'-ri-a) 

Gaura* (go'-ra) 

gausapatus (go-sa-pa/-tus) covered over, covered 

with felt. 
Gavia (ga'-vi-a) 
gavial(ga'-vi-al) 
Gavialis (ga-vi-a'-lis) 
Gayophytum* (ga-o'-fit-um) 
Gazania* (ga-za'-ni-a) 
Geaster* (je'-as-ter) 
Geatractus (je-at-rak'-tus) 
Gecarcinus (je-kar'-si-nus) 
geebung (je'-bung) 
Geissorhiza (gl-so-ri'-za) 
gelasinatus (jel-as-in-a'-tus) with dimples. 
gelasinus (jel-as'-i-nus) 
Gelastocoridae (j e-las-to-kor'-i-de) 
Gelastocoris (je-las-tok'-or-is) 
Gelechia (je-le'-ki-a) 
Gelechiidae (je-lek-i'-i-de) 
Gelidium* (je-lid'-i-um) 
gelidus (jel'-i-dus) icy cold, frosty. 
Gelochelidon (jel-o-kel-l'-don) 
Gelsemium* (jel-se'-mi-um) 
gemmiparus (jem-ip'-ar-us) 
gemmule (jem'-ul) 
gena (je'-na) 



GENEALOGY 131 

genealogy (jen-e-al'-o-ji, je-ne-al'-6-ji) 
generalis (jen-er-a'-lis) general, prevailing. 
Generium* (jen-er'-i-um) 
generosus (jen-er-os'-us) of noble birth, eminent, 

superior, excellent. 
Genetta (je-net'-a) 
genie (jen'-ik) 
geniculatus (jen-ik-ul-a/-tus) with bended knee, 

bent, curved. 
geniculum (jen-ik'-ul-um) 
Genipa* (jen-i'-pa) 
Genista* (jen-is'-ta) 
genital (jen'-i-tal) 
Gennaeus (jen-e'-us) 
genotype (jen'-6-tip) 
Gentiana* (jen-shi-a/-na) 
gentilis (jen-tl'-lis) belonging to the same stock; 

also, foreign. 
genys (jen'-is) 
geobionts (je-ob-i'-onts) 
Geococcyx (je-6-kok'-siks) 
Geocoris (je-ok'-or-is) 
Geogale (je-og'-a-le) 
Geometridae (je-6-met'-ri-de) 
Geomys (je'-o-mis) 
Geonoma* (je-on'-o-ma, je-o'-no-ma) 
geophilus (je-of-il-us) ground-loving. 
Geophis (je'-of-is) 
Georyssus (je-6-ris'-us) 
Geothlypis (je-oth'-lip-is) 
geotonus (je-ot'-o-nus) 
Geotripes (je-o-tri'-pez) 



132 GEOTROPISM 

geotropism (je-ot'-ro-pizm) 
Geotrygon (je-o-tri'-gon) 
gephyrea (je-fl'-re-a, je-fi-re'-a) 
gephyrocercal (jef-ir-o-ser'-kal) 
Geraea* (je-re'-a) 
Geranium* (jer-a/-ni-um) 
Gerbera* (ger'-ber-a, ger-be'-ra) 
Gerbillus (jer-bil'-us) 
germigen (jer'-mi-jen) 
Geropogon* (jer-op-o'-gon) 
Gerrhonotus (jer-o-no'-tus) 
Gerridae (jer'-i-de) 
gestalt (ge-stalt/) 

getulus (je-tu'-lus) of Lybia, of the African coast. 
Geum* (je'-um) 
Gibberella* (jib-er-el'-a) 
gibbifrons (gib'-i-fronz) with swollen front. 
gibbosus (gib-o'-sus) full of humps, badly hump- 
backed, 
gibbus (gib'us) crooked, humped. 
giganteus (ji-gan'-te-us) very large. 
gigas (jl'-gas) a giant. 
Gilia (jil'-i-a, gil'-i-a) 
Gillenia* (gil-e'-ni-a, jil-e'-ni-a) 
gilvus (gil'-vus) pale-yellow. 
gingival (jin-jl'-val, jin'-jiv-al) 
Gingko* (ging'-ko, jing'-ko) 
Gingla (jin'-gla) 

ginglymus (jing'-li-mus, ging'-li-mus) 
Ginkgo* (gin'-ko, jing-ko) 
Giraffa (ji-ra'-fa) 
Githago* (gith-a'-go) 



GLABELLUS 133 

glabellus (glab-el'-us) smoothish. 

glaber (gla'-ber) without hair, bald, smooth. 

glabriusculus (glab-ri-us'-ku-lus) somewhat bald, 

nearly without hair. 
Gladiolus* (glad-l'-o-lus, glad-i-o'-lus) 
glanduliferus (glan-dul-if'-er-us) gland-bearing, 

glandular. 
glandulosus (glan-dul-o'-sus) full of kernels, full of 

glands. 
Glareola (gla-re'-o-la) 
Glaucidium (glo-sid'-i-um) 

glaucinus (glo'-sin-us) blue-gray, silvery, gray. 
Glaucionetta (glo-si-6-net'-a) 
Glaucium* (glo'-si-um) 
Glaucomys (glo'-ko-mis) 
glaucopsis (glo-kop'-sis) glaucous-like. 
glaucus (glo'-kus) sea-green, covered with a 

"bloom." 
Glaux* (gloks) 
gleba (gle'-ba) 
glebula (gle'-bul-a) 
glinus (gli'-nus) 
gliosomes (gli'-6s-6mz) 
Glires (gli'-rez) 
gliriform (gli'-ri-form) 
glischrus (glis'-krus) sticky, clammy. 
globator (glob-a/-tor) maker of a globe. 
Globicephalus (glo-bi-sef'-al-us) 
Globigerina (glo-bi-je-ri'-na) 
Globiocephalus (glo-bi-o-sef'-al-us) 
globosus (glob-o'-sus) round, spherical. 
Globularia* (glob-u-la'-ri-a) 



134 GLOBULE 

globule (glob'-ul) 

globuliferus (glob-ul-if'-er-us) bearing globules. 

globulin (glob'-u-lin) 

globus (glob'-us, pi. glob'-i) 

glochid (glo'-kid) 

glochidium (glo-kid'-i-um) 

Gloeocapsa* (gle-o-kap'-sa) 

glomeratus (glom-er-a'-tus) gathered into a round 

mass. 
glomerulus (glom-er'-u-lus) 
Glossina (glos-i'-na, glos-In'-a) 
Glossocomia* (glos-ok-om'-i-a, glos-ok-om'-i-a) 
Glossopetalon* (glos-o-pet'-al-on, glos-o-pet'-al- 

on) 
Glossophaga (glos-of'-a-ga, glos-of'-a-ga) 
Glottidia (glo-tid'-i-a, glot-id'-i-a) 
Glottiphyllum* (glo-ti-fi'-lum, glot-i-fi'-lum) 
glumaceous (gltl-ma'-shus) 
gluteal (glu-te'-al, glu'-te-al) 
glutinosus (glu-tin-o'-sus) full of glue, tenacious. 
Glyceria* (gli-se'-ri-a) 
glycogen (gli'-ko-jen) 
Glycymeris (glis-im'-e-ris) 
glycyphyllus (glis-if-il'-us) with sweet leaves. 
Glycyrrhiza (glis-i-rl'-za) 
Glyptopleura* (glip-to-plu'-ra) 
glyptospermus (glip-to-sper'-mus) with sculptured 

seed, 
gnamptorhynchus (namp-to-ring'-kus) 
Gnaphalium* (na-fa'-li-um, na-fal'-i-um) 
Gnophaela (gnof-e'-la) 
Gnorimoschema (nor-im-os-ke'-ma) 



GNOSTUM 135 

Gnostum (nos'-tum) 

gnu (nu) 

Godetia* (go-de'-shi-a) 

Gomphrena* (gom-fre'-na) 

gonad (gon'-ad) 

gonadotropic (gon-ad-6-trop'-ik) 

gonangium (gon-an'-ji-um) 

gonapophyses (gon-i-pof'-is-ez) 

Gonatocerus (go-nat-os'-er-us) 

Gonatopus (go-nat'-op-us) 

gondolus (gon'-do-lus) boat-shaped. 

gongylodes (gon-ji-lo'-dez) turnip-like. 

Gongylonema (gon-ji-lo-ne'-ma) 

gonidia (gon-id'-i-a) 

gonion (gon'-i-on) 

Gonionemus (gon-i-o-ne'-mus) 

Gonolobus* (go-nol'-o-bus, gon-ol'-o-bus) 

gonotheca (gon-o-the'-ka) 

Gonyaulax (gon-i-6r-aks) 

gonys (gon'-is)^ 

gooseberry (goos'-ber-i, gooz'-ber-i) 

Gopherus (go'-fer-us) 

goral (go'-ral) 

Gorilla (go-ril'-a) 

Gorytez (gor-i'-tez) 

goshawk (gos'-hok) 

Gossipium* (gos-ip'-i-um) 

gourd (gord, goord) 

Goveniana* (gov-e-ni-a'-na) 

Gracilariidae (gras-i-la-ri'-i-de) 

gracilentus (gras-il-en'-tus) very slender. 

gracilis (gras'-il-is) delicate, slender. 



136 GRAECIZANS 

graecizans (gre'-si-zanz) becoming widespread. 

Grallae (gral'-e) 

Grallatores (gral-a-to'-rez) 

Grallina (gral-i'-na) 

gramineus (gra-mi'-ne-us) pertaining to grass, 

grassy. 
grammacus (gram'-a-kus) consisting of lines, 

streaked. 
Granatellus (gran-at-el'-us) 
Granatum* (gra-na'-tum) 

grandiflorus (gran-dif-lo'-rus) large-flowered, 
grandifolius (gran-di-fol'-i-us, gran-di-fo'-li-us) 

large-leaved, 
grandis (grand'-is) large, great, full, abundant, 
granulatus (gra-nul-a'-tus) bearing small tuber- 

cules, covered with small granulations, 
granulocyte (gran'-u-16-slt) 
granulosus (gra-nul-o'-sus) full of grains. 
Grapsidae (grap'-si-de) 
Graptemys (grapt'-e-mis) 
graptolite (grap'-to-lit) 
Graptophyllum* (grap-tof-il'-um) 
Gratiola* (gra-ti'-ol-a, gra'-ti-ol-a) 
graveolens (grav-e'-o-lenz) strong-scented. 
graveolent (grav-e'-o-lent) 
gravis (grav'-is) heavy. 
Gregarina (greg-a-rin'-a) 
Gregarinida (greg-a-rin'-id-a) 
gregarious (gre-ga'-ri-us) 
Grevillea* (grev-il'-e-a) 
grex (greks) a swarm, a herd. 
Grias* (grl'-as) 



GRISBOX 137 

grisbox (grls'-box) 

grisescens (gris-es'-senz) becoming or tending 
toward grey. 

griseus (gris'-e-us, gris'-e-us) gray. 

Grison (gris'-on) 

grosbeak (gros'-bek) 

grossularia (gros-ul-a'-ri-a) pertaining to a goose- 
berry. 

grossus (gros'-us) large, thick. 

Grus (grus, grus) 

Gryllidae (gril'-i-de) 

Grylloblattodea (gril-o-blat-o-de'-a) 

Gryllotalpidae (gril-o-talp'-i-de) 

Grypanian (gri-pa'-ni-an) 

Guaiacum* (gwl'-a-kum) 

guanaco (gwa-na'-ko) 

guano (gwan'-o) 

Gubernetes (gu-ber-ne'-tez) 

guenon (ge-non') 

guereza (ger'-e-za) 

guillemot (gil'-e-mot) 

Guiraca (gwi-ra'-ka) 

Gulo (gu'-lo) 

gulosus (gul-o'-sus) big-mouthed, gluttonous. 

gummosus (gum-os'-us) gummy, made of gum. 

gutta (gu'-ta, pi. gu'-te) 

guttation (gu-ta'-shun) 

guttatus (gut-a'-tus) spotted. 

Guzmania* (guz-man'-i-a) 

Gyalecta (jl-a-lek'-ta) 

Gyalopion (jl-al-op'-i-on) 

gyas (ji'as) giant with a hundred arms. 



138 GYGIS 

Gygis (jl'-jis) 

Gyminda* (jim'-in-da) 

Gymnadenia* (jim-na-de'-ni-a) 

gymnantherus (jim-nan'-ther-us) naked-flowered. 

gymnetrous (jim-ne'-trus) 

Gymnocladus* (jim-nok'-la-dus) 

Gymnogramme* (jim-nog-ram'-e) 

gymnoheliophilist (jim-no-hel-i-of'-il-ist) 

Gymnolaemata (jim-no-le'-ma-ta) 

Gymnophiona (jim-no-ff-o-na) 

Gymnorhina (jim-no-ri'-na) 

gymnosperm (jim'-no-sperm) 

gymnospermae (jim-nos-per'-me) 

gynandromorph (jin-an'-dro-morf) 

gynase (jin'-as) 

gyne (ji'-ne) 

gynecology (jin-e-kol'-o-ji, jl-no-kol'-o-ji) 

gynobase (jin'-o-bas, jl'-no-bas) 

gynoecium (jin-e'-shi-um, jin-e'-si-um) 

gynophore (jin'-o-for, jl'-no-for) 

Gynura* (jin-u'-ra) 

Gypaetus (jip-a'-e-tus) 

Gypohierax (jip-o-hi'-er-aks) 

Gypona (jip'-on-a) 

Gyps (jips) 

Gypsophila* (jip-sof'-i-la) 

Gypsophoca (jip-sof-ok'-a) 

gyration (jl-ra'-shun) 

gyrfalcon (jer'-fol-kun, jer'-fol-kn) 

Gyrinidae (ji-rin'-i-de) 

Gyrinophilus (ji-rin-of'-il-us) 

Gyrinus (ji-rln'-us, jl-rin'-us) 



GYROCERUS 139 

Gyrocerus (ji-ros'-e-rus, ji-ros'-e-rus) 
Gyrocoryna (ji-ro-ko'-ri-na, ji-ro-ko'-ri-na) 
Gyrocotyle (ji-ro-kot'-il, ji-ro-kot'-il) 
Gyrodactylus (ji-ro-dak'-til-us, ji-ro-dak'-til-us) 
gyroma (ji-ro'-ma, ji-ro'-ma) 
Gyropidae (ji-rop'-i-de, jl-rop'-i-de) 
gyrotoma (ji-rot'-om-a) 
gyrus (ji'-rus, pi. jl'-ri) 

H 

Habenaria* (hab-e-na'-ri-a) 

Habranthus* (hab-ran'-thus) 

Hadena (ha-de'-na) 

Hadenoecus (had-e-ne'-kus) 

Hadentomum (ha-den'-to-mum) 

Hadrosaurus (had-ro-so'-rus) 

haematin (he'-ma-tin, hem'-a-tin) 

Haematobia (he-mat-ob'-I-a) 

haematology (he-mat-or-6-ji, hem-at-ol'-oj-i) 

Haematopinidae (he-ma-to-pin'-i-de) 

Haematopus (he-mat'-6-pus) 

Haematoxylon* (he-mat-oks'-il-on, hem-at-oks'- 

il-on) 
haemoglobin (he-mo-glo'-bin, hem-o-glo'-bin) 
haemophilia (he-mo-fil'-i-a, hem-o-fil'-i-a) 
Hakea* (ha'-ke-a, ha'-ke-a) 
Halcyon (hal'-si-on) 
halepensis (hal-e-pen'-sis) of Aleppo. 
Halesia (hal'-zi-a, hal-e'-shi-a) 
Haliaetus (hal-i-a/-e-tus) 
halibut (hal'-i-but) 
Halichoerus (hal-i-che'-rus) 



140 



HALICORE 




Haliaetus <Gr. ha!iaetos,a 
bird, prob. the osprey 
<hals, the sea+aetos, the 
eagle. Pronounced: hal-i-a'- 
e-tus. 



Halicore (hal-ik'-6-re) 

Halictidae (hal-ik'-ti-de) 

Halictus (hal-ik'-tus) 

Halimium* (hal-im'-i-um) 

halimus (hal'-i-mus) a plant, the orach. 

Haliotis (hal-i-o'-tis) 

Haliplana (hal-ip'-la-na) 

Haliplidae (hal-ip'-li-de) 

halitus (hal'-i-tus) 

Halmaturus (hal-ma-tu'-rus) 

halophilous (hal-of'-il-us) 

halophilus (hal-of -il-us) salt-loving. 

halophyte (har-6-fit) 

halosere (hal'-o-ser) 

Halosoma (hal-o-so'-ma) 

Halosydna (hal-os-id'-na) 

Halsidota (hal-si-do'-ta) 

halter (hal'-ter, pi. hal-te'-rez) 

Haltica (hal'-ti-ka) 



HAMAMELIS 141 

Hamamelis* (ham-a-me'-lis) 

hamatum (ha-ma'-tum) 

hamilifolius (ham-il-i-for-i-us, ham-il-i-fo'-li-us) 
with leaves like A trip! ex hamilus. 

hamulatus (ha-mu-la/-tus) furnished with a small 
hook. 

hamulus (ha'-mu-lus) a small hook. 

hamus (ha'-mus) a hook. 

Hapale (hap'-a-le) 

Haploa (hap-lo'-a) 

haptera (hap'-te-ra) 

Harelda (ha-rel'-da) 

Harenactis (ha-ren-ak'-tis) 

harlequin (har'-le-kwin) 

Harpalus (har'-pal-us) 

Harpephyllum* (har-pe-fil'-urn) 

harpes (har'-pez) 

hastaefolius (has-te-fol'-i-us, has-te-fo'-li-us) spear- 
leaved. 

hastatus (has-ta'-tus) armed as with spears. 

hastula (has'-tu-la) 

haustor (ho'-stor) a drawer of water. 

Haworthia* (ho-werth'-thi-a) 

Hebeandra* (he-be-an'-dra) 

hebecarpus (he-be-kar'-pus) pubescent-fruited. 

hebes (heb'-es) blunt. 

Hechtia* (hek'-ti-a) 

Hedeoma* (he-de-o'-ma, hed-e-o'-ma) 

Hedera* (hed'-er-a) 

hederaceus (hed-er-a'-se-us) of ivy, ivy-green. 

hederaefolius (hed-er-e-fol'-i-us, hed-er-e-fo'-li-us) 
ivy-leaved. 



142 HEDONIC 

hedonic (he-don'-ik) 

Hedychium* (he-dik'-i-um) 

Hedychrum (he-di'-krum) 

Hedymeles (he-di-meT-ez) 

Hedyotis (he-di-o'-tis) 

Hedysarum* (he-dis'-a-rum) 

Heisteria* (his-te'-ri-a) 

hekistotherm (he-kist'-o-therm) 

Heladotherium (hel-a-do-the'-ri-um) 

Helenium* (he-le'-ni-um, he-le'-ni-um) 

Heleocharis* (hel-e-ok'-a-ris) 

Heleodytes (hel-e-6-di'-tez) 

Helianthemum* (he-li-an'-the-mum) 

Helianthus* (he-li-an'-thus) 

Helice (hel'-i-se) 

Helichrysum* (he-lik-ri'-sum) 

Helicodiceros* (hel-ik-od-dis'-er-os) 

helicoid (her-i-koid) coiled like a snail shell. 

Helictis (hel-ik'-tis) 

Helietta* (hel-i-et'-a) 

Heliodinidae (he-li-o-din'-i-de) 

Heliophila (he-li-of'-il-a) 

Heliopsis* (he-li-op'-sis) 

Heliornis (he-li-or'-nis) 

Heliothis (hel-i-oth'-is) 

heliothropism (he-li-ot'-ro-pizm) 

Heliotropium* (he-li-ot-ro-'pi-um) 

Heliozela (he-li-oz-el'-a) 

Helisoma (hel-is-om'-a) 

helix (hel'-iks, he'-liks, pi. hel'-i-sez, he'-li-sez) 

Helleborus* (hel-eb'-o-rus) 

Helminthia* (hel-min'-thi-a) 



HELMINTHERUS 143 

Helmintherus (hel-min-the'-rus) 

helobius (hel-o'-bi-us) 

Heloderma (he-16-der'-ma) 

Helodromas (hel-6'-dro-mas) 

Helogale (hel-og'-al-e) 

Helonias* (hel-o'-ni-as) 

Helorus (hel-o'-rus) 

Helosciadium* (hel-os-si-ad'-i-um) 

Helostoma (he-los'-to-ma) 

helotism (hel'-ot-izm, he'-lot-izm) 

helveolus (hel-ve'-ol-us) pale yellow. 

helvolus (hel'-vol-us) pale yellow. 

Helxine* (hel-ksi'-ne) 

hemal (he'-mal) 

Hemerobiidae (hem-er-o-bl'-i-de, he-mer-o-bl'-i-de) 

Hemerocallis* (hem-er-6-kar-is, he-mer-o-kal'-is) 

Hemigale (hem-ig'-a-le) 

Hemimeridae (hem-i-mer'-i-de) 

hemionus (he-ml'-on-us) a half-ass, a mule. 

Hemiphlebiidae (hem-i-ne-bl'-i-de) 

Hemiptera (hem-ip'-ter-a) 

Hemisia (hem-is'-i-a) 

Hemitragus (hem-it-ra/-gus) 

hemocoel (hem'-o-sel) 

hemoglobin (he-mo-glo'-bin, hem-6-glo'-bin) 

Hepialidae (he-pi-ar-i-de) 

heptalobus (hep-ta-lo'-bus) seven-lobed. 

Heracleum* (her-a-kle'-um) 

herbaceous (her-ba'-shus) 

herbaceus (her-ba'-se-us) grassy, grass-green, with 

green stalks. 
herbarium (her-bar'-i-um, her-ba-ri'-um) 



144 HERBIVOROUS 

herbivorous (her-bi'-vo-rus) 

Heriades (her-l'-ad-ez) 

hermaphrodite (her-ma'-fro-dlt) 

hermaphroditism (her-maf'-ro-dlt-izm) 

Herminium* (her-min'-i-um) 

Herniaria* (her-ni-a'-ri-a) 

Herodiones (he-ro-di-6'-nez) 

heron (he'-run) 

Herpestes (her-pes'-tez, her-pes'-tez) 

Hesperaloe* (hes-per-al-o'-e) 

Hesperiidae (hes-per-l'-i-de) 

Hesperiphona (hes-per-if-on'-a) 

Hesperis* (hes'-per-is) 

hesperius (hes-per'-i-us) of the West. 

Hesperocallis* (hes-per-o-kal'-is) 

Hesperomys (hes-per'-o-mis) 

Hesperornis (hes-per-or'-nis) 

Heteranthera* (het-er-an'-the-ra) 

Heterocera (het-er-os'-er-a) 

heteroclitus (het-er-o-klit'-us) 

Heterodon (het-er'-o-don) 

heterogeneity (het-er-6-j e-ne'-i-ti) 

heterogeny (het-er-oj'-e-ni) 

Heterogeomys (het-er-6-j e'-o-mis) 

Heterolocha (het-er-o-lok'-a) 

heteromerous (het-er-om'-er-us) 

Heteromys (het-er'-o-mis) 

heterophyllus (het-er-of-ir-us) with different 

leaves. 
Heteroplectron (het-er-6-plek'-tron) 
heterosis (het-er-o'-sis) 
heterosporous (het-er-os'-por-us) 



HETEROTHECA 145 

Heterotheca* (het-er-o-the'-ka) 

heterotopic (het-er-o-trop'-ik) 

heterozygote (het-er-6-zi'-got) 

Heuchera* (hu-ke'-ra, hu'-ke-ra) 

Hevea* (he'-ve-a) 

Hexactinellida (heks-ak-ti-nel'-i-da) 

Hexagenia (heks-aj-en'-i-a) 

Hexalectris* (heks-a-lek'-tris) 

hexandrus (heks-an'-drus) having six anthers. 

hians (hi'-anz) an opening, a gaping. 

hiantulus (hi-an'-tu-lus) with a small opening. 

hiatus (hi-a'-tus) 

hibernus (hl-ber'-nus) belonging to winter. 

Hibiscus* (hi-bis'-kus, hib-is'-kus) 

hiemal (hl'-em-al) 

hiemalis (hi-em-a'-lis) belonging to winter. 

hiemation (hi-em-a'-shun) 

Hieracium* (hl-er-a'-shi-um, hi-er-a'-shi-um) 

Hierochloe* (hl-er-ok'-lo-e, hi-er-ok'-lo-e) 

Hilaria* (hi-la'-ri-a) 

hilum (hl'-lum) 

hilus (hl'-lus) 

Himantopus (hi-man'-to-pus) 

Himatione (him-at-i'-on-e) 

Hinnites (hi-ni'-tez) 

Hipparion (hi-pa/-ri-on) 

Hippelates (hip-el-at'-ez) 

Hippiscus (hip-is'-kus) 

Hippoboscidae (hip-6-bos'-i-de) 

hippocampus (hip-6-kam'-pus) 

Hippocrepis* (hip-o-kre'-pis) 

Hippodamia (hip-o-da-mi'-a) 



146 HIPPOLESTES 

Hippolestes (hip-o-les'-tez) 

Hippolyte (hip-ol'-i-te) 

Hippophae* (hip-of'-a-e) 

Hippopotamus (hip-6-pot'-a-mus) 

Hippopus (hip'-o-pus) 

Hippuris* (hip-u'-ris) 

hircinus (her-si'-nus) of a goat, with smell like a 

goat, 
hirsute (her'-sut, her-sut') 
hirsutus (her-su'-tus) shaggy, rough with hair or 

prickles, 
hirtus (her'-tus) rough, uneven, hairy. 
Hirundo (hir-un'-do) 
hispanicus (his-pa/-ni-kus) Spanish. 
hispidus (his'-pi-dus) rough, hairy, prickly. 
Histiurus (his-ti-u'-rus) 
Histrionicus (his-tri-on'-ik-us) 
Hodomys (hod'-o-mis) 
Hodotermitidae (hod-6-ter-mit'-i-de) 
Hoffmannseggia* (hof-man-seg'-i-a) 
Holacantha* (hol-ak-an'-tha) 
holandric (hol-an'-drik) 
holarctic (hol-ark'-tik, hol-ark'-tik) 
holard (ho-lard') 
Holbrookia (hol-brook'-i-a) 
Holcochlaena* (hol-kok-le'-na) 
holcodont (hol'-ko-dont) 
Holcus* (hol'-kus) 
holoblastic (hol-o-blas'-tik) 
Holocera (hol-os'-er-a) 
Holognatha (hol-og'-na-tha) 
Hololepta (hol-6-lep'-ta) 



HOLOMASTIGOTE 147 

holomastigote (hol-o-mas'-ti-got) 

Holometabola (hol-6-me-tab'-6-la) 

Holometopa (hol-6-met-op'-a) 

holophyllus (hol-of-il'-us) entire-leaved. 

holophytic (hol-6-fit'-ik) 

holosericeus (hol-6-se-ris'-e-us) entirely silky. 

Holosteum* (hol-os'-te-um) 

Holothuroidea (hol-o-thii-roy'-de-a) 

holotype (hol'-ot-Ip) 

holozoic (hol-o-zo'-ik) 

Homalium (ho-mal'-i-um) 

Homalocladium* (hom-al-6-kla'-di-um) 

Homarus (hom'-ar-us) 

homeosis (hom-e-o'-sis) 

homoblastic (hom-o-blast'-ik) 

homocercal (hom-o-ser'-kal) 

homodont (hom'-o-dont, ho'-mo-dont) 

homodromous (hom-od'-ro-mus) 

homogenous (hom-oj'-en-us) 

homoiothermal (hom-oy-o-ther'-mal) 

homologous (hom-or-6-gus) 

homologue (hom'-o-log) 

homomallus (hom-om-ar-us) 

homospory (hom-os'-por-i) 

homozygous (hom-o-zi'-gus) 

homunculus (hom-un'-ku-lus) a little man. 

Hoplisodes (hop-lis-od'-ez) 

Hoplonemertea (hop-16-ne-mer'-te-a) 

hordeiformis (hor-de-i-for'-mis) with form like 

barley. 
Hordeum* (hor'-de-um) 
horminum (hor-ml'-num) a kind of sage. 



148 HORMIPHORA 

Hormiphora (hor-mi'-for-a) 

hormones (hor'-monz) 

horridus (hor'-id-us) standing on end, shaggy, 

bristly; also, wild, horrid, 
hortensis (hor-ten'-sis) cultivated in gardens. 
hospitable (hos'-pit-ab'l) 
Hosta* (hos'-ta) 

Hovenia* (ho-ven'-i-a, ho-ven'-i-a) 
huia (hoo'-ya) 
huisache (we-sa'-cha) 
humifusus (hum-if-u'-sus) spread out on the 

ground, 
humilis (hum'-i-lis) low, small. 
Humulus* (hu'-mu-lus) 
Hyacinthus* (hl-a-sin'-thus) 
Hyalonema (hl-a-lo-ne'-ma) 
hyaloplasm (hl'-al-o-plazm) 
hybrid (hl'-brid) 

hybridization (hl-brid-i-za/-shun) 
hybridus (hl'-bri-dus) hybrid, 
hydatid (hl'-da-tid) 
hydatiform (hl-dat'-i-form) 
Hydranassa (hl-dran-as'-a) 
Hydrangea* (hl-dran'-je-a) 
Hydrobates (hl-drob'-a-tez) 
Hydrobius (hl-drob'-i-us) 
Hydrocharis* (hl-drok'-a-ris) 
Hydrochoerus (hl-dro-ke'-rus) 
Hydrocleis* (hid'-rok-lls) 
Hydrocotyle* (hl-dro-ko'-ti-le) 
Hydrolea* (hl-dro-le'-a, hid-ro'-le-a) 
Hydromantes (hl-dro-man'-tez) 



HYDROMETRA 



149 



Hydrocotyle <Gr. hydor, 
water +kotyle, a cavity or cup. 
Pronounced: hl-dro-kot'-i-le; 
also, hid-rok-ot'-il-e. 




Hydrometra (hl-drom-et'-ra) 

Hydrophilidae (hi-dro-nT-i-de) 

Hydrophilus (hi-drof'-il-us) 

hydrophobia (hl-dro-fo'-bi-a) 

Hydrophyllum* (hl-dro-nT-um) 

Hydropotes (hl-drop'-o-tez) 

Hydroprogne (hl-drop-rog'-ne) 

Hydroptila (hl-drop'-ti-la) 

Hydroptilidae (hi-drop-til'-i-de) 

Hydroscapha (hi-dros-ka/-fa) 

Hyemoschus (hi-e-mos'-kus) 

hygiene (hi'-ji-en, hi'-jen) 

Hyla (hi'-la) 

hylaeus (hl-le'-us) one of the centaurs. 

Hylaplesia (hi-la-ple'-si-a) 

Hylephila (hl-lef'-il-a) 

Hylobates (hi-lob'-a-tez) 

Hylocharis (hl-lok'-a-ris) 

Hylocichla (hl-lo-sik'-la) 

Hylotoma (hl-lot'-om-a) 

hymenium (hl-men'-i-um) a membrane. 

Hymenocallis* (hl-men-o-kar-is) 



150 HYMENOLEPIS 

Hymenolepis (hi-men-ol'-e-pis) 

Hymenopappus* (hl-men-o-pap'-us) 

Hymenophyllum* (hl-men-o-nT-um) 

Hymenoptera (hi-men-op'-ter-a) 

Hymenorus (hi-men'-or-us) 

Hymenoxys* (hi-men-oks'-is) 

Hyoscyamus* (hi-os-si'-am-us, hi-o-sl'-a-mus) 

Hypatus (hip'-a-tus) 

hypaxial (hip-aks'-i-al) 

Hypena (hi-pe'-na) 

Hypericum* (hip-er'-ik-um) 

Hyperoodon (hi-per-o'-o-don) 

Hyperotreta (hl-per-o-tre'-ta) 

hyperpnoea (hi-per-ne'-a) 

hypertrophy (hl-per'-tro-fi) 

Hyphaene* (hi-fe'-ne, hif-e'-ne) 

Hyphantria (hl-fan'-tri-a) 

Hyphanturgus (hl-fan-tur'-gus) 

Hypilate* (hip-i-la'-te) 

hypnody (hip'-no-di) 

hypnoides (hip-no-i'-dez) resembling Hypnum, the 

feather-moss. 
Hypnum* (hip'-num) 
Hypocera (hi-pos'-er-a) 
Hypochera (hl-pok'-er-a) 
Hypochilus (hi-po-kil'-us) 
Hypocolius (hi-po-ko'-li-us) 
hypocotyl (hi'-pok-ot-il) 
hypogaeous (hi-poj-e'-us) 
hypogaeus (hi-poj-e'-us) underground, 
hypogastric (hl-po-gas'-trik, hip-o-gas'-trik) 
Hypohippus (hl-po-hip'-us) 



HYPOHOMUS 151 

Hypohomus (hl-po'-ho-mus) 

Hyponomeutidae (hi-po-nom-u'-ti-de) 

hypophaeus (hl-po-fe'-us) dusky below. 

hypophloeodal (hi-po-fle-o'-dal) 

Hypoprepia (hl-po-pre'-pi-a) 

Hyporhagus (hi-po-ra/-gus) 

Hypositta (hi-pos-it'-a) 

hypothalamus (hi-po-thal'-a-mus) 

Hypotricha (hi-pot'-ri-ka) 

Hypoxis* (hi-poks'-is) 

Hypsiglena (hip-si-glen'-a) 

Hypsilophodon (hip-si-lof-6-don) 

Hypsiprymnodon (hip-si-prim' -no-don) 

Hyracotherium (hl-ra-ko-the'-ri-um) 

hyssopifolium (his-op-i-fol'-i-um, his-op-i-fo'-li- 

um) with leaves like Hyssopus. 
Hyssopus* (his-o'-pus) 
Hystrichopsyllidae (his-tri-ko-psi'-li-de) 
Hystrix* (his'-tri-ks) 
hyther (hlth'-er) 



Iapygidae (l-a-pij'-i-de) 
Ibalia (ib-a'-li-a) 
Iberidella* (ib-e-rid-el'-a) 
Iberis* (l-be'-ris) 
Ibicella* (T-bi-sel'-a) 
Ibycter (l-bik'-ter) 
Icacina* (ik-a-si'-na) 
Icaco (ik-a'-ko) 
Icerya (i-ser'-i-a) 
Ichneumia (ik-nu'-mi-a) 



152 ICHNEUMONIDAE 

Ichneumonidae (ik'-nQ-mon'-i-de) 
ichnite (ik'-nlt) 
Ichnocarpus* (ik-no-kar'-pus) 
Ichthyornis (ik-thi-or'-nis) 
Ichthyosaur (ik'-thi-6-sor) 
Icichthys (i-sik'-this) 
icotype (I'-ko-tip) 
Ictalurus (ik-tal-u'-rus) 
Icteria (ik-ter'-i-a, ik-te'-ri-a) 
Icterus (ik'-ter-us) 
Icticyon (ik-tis'-i-on, ik-tis'-i-on) 
Ictidomys (ik-tid'-o-mis) 
Ictiobus (ik-ti'-o-bus) 
Ictonyx (ik'-to-niks) 
id (id) 

idant (id'-ant) 
ideomotor (id-e-o-mo'-tor) 
Idesia* (id-e'-si-a) 

idioandrosporous (id-i-o-and-ros-po'-rus) 
idioblast (id'-i-o-blast) 
Idmonea (id-mo'-ne-a) 
Idolothripidae (l-dol-6-thrip'-i-de) 
idoneus (i-d5'-ne-us) fit, proper, suitable, suffi- 
cient. 
Idotea (I-do'-te-a, i-do-te'-a) 
Idothea* (l-doth'-e-a, I-do-the'-a) 
Iduna (i-du'-na) 

ignavus (ig-na'-vus) slow, slothful, inactive. 
igneus (ig'-ne-us) fiery. 
ignotus (ig-no'-tus) unknown. 
Ilex* (I'-leks) 
iliacal (i-ll'-a-kal) 



ILLECEBRACEAE 153 

Illecebraceae* (il-es-e-bra'-se-e) 

illecebrosus (il-es-eb-ro'-sus) full of allurement, at- 
tractive. 

Illecebrum* (il-es'-e-brum, il-es-eb'-rum) 

Illicium* (il-ish'-i-um, il-is'-i-um) 

Illigera* (il-ij'-e-ra) 

Ilysanthes* (il-is-anth'-ez) 

imaginal (im-aj'-in-al) 

imago (im-a/-go, pi. im-a'-ji-nez) 

Imantophylum* (im-ant-of'-il-um) 

imantus (im-ant'-us) a strap or throng. 

imberbis (im-ber'-bis) beardless. 

imbricatus (im-brik-a/-tus) overlapping, as if 
covered with tiles. 

immutabilis (im-u-ta'-bi-lis) changed, altered. 

impar (im'-par) uneven, unequal, unlike, odd. 

imparilis (im-par'-il-is) unlike, unequal. 

imparipinnate (im-par-i-pin'-at) 

imparis (im'-par-is) unequal, uneven, odd; also, 
inferior. 

Impatiens* (im-pa/-shi-enz) 

impavidus (im-pav'-id-us) fearless. 

imperialis (im-per-i-a/-lis) kingly. 

impiger (im'-pi-jer) active, quick. 

implexus (im-pleks'-us) plaited, interwoven. 

impolitus (im-pol-i'-tus) rough, not polished. 

impotent (im'-po-tent) 

Inachidae (in-ak'-i-de) 

inaquosus (in-ak-wo'-sus) lacking'water. 

incanus (in-kan'-us) hoary. 

incarnatus (in-kar-na/-tus) 

incessus (in-ses'-us) a going, walking. 



154 INCISOR 

incisor (in-sl'-zer, in-sl'-ser, in-si'-sor) 

incisum (in-si'-sum) cut into. 

incitatus (in-sit-a/-tus) rapid, quick. 

inclarus (in-kla/-rus) obscure. 

incolatus (in-kol-a/-tus) dwelling in a place. 

incongruent ((in-kong'-gru-ent) 

increpitus (in-kre'-pi-tus) making a noise, rattling, 

rebuking. 
incubaceus (in-kub-a/-se-us) lying close to the 

ground. 
incurvus (in-ker'-vus) bent, curved, 
indecoris (in-dek'-or-is) unbecoming, inglorious. 
index (in'-deks, pi. in'-di-sez) 
indicus (in'-dl-kus) of India or the East Indies. 
indigen (in'-di-jen) 
Indigofera* (in-di-gof'-er-a) 
indivisus (in-di-vi'-sus) undivided. 
indumentum (in-du-men'-tum) 
indusium (in-du'-zi-um, in-dii-si-um; pi. in-dus'- 

i-a) 
inebriate (in-e'-bri-at) 
inermis (in-er'-mis) unarmed, defenseless. 
infantile (in'-fan-til, in'-fan-til) 
infectivus (in-fek-ti'-vus) pertaining to dyes, 
infestus (in-fes'-tus) unsafe, infested, troublesome. 
infiatus (in-fla/tus) blown up, inflated. 
infuscatus (in-fus-ka/-tus) obscure, 
ingenitus (in-jen'-i-tus) innate, instilled by birth, 
ingens (in'-jenz) huge, enormous; also, remarkable. 
ingluvies (in-gloo'-vi-ez) 
inhaerens (in-he'-renz) connected, hung to. 
inhalant (in-ha'-lant) 



INHERENT 155 

inherent (in-he'-rent) 

inion (in'-i-on) 

innatus (in-a'-tus) unborn. 

innoxius (in-oks'-i-us) harmless, blameless, inno- 
cent; uninjured. 

Inocarpus* (l-no-kar'-pus, I-nok-ar'-pus) 

Inocellia (in-os-el'-i-a) 

Inocelliidae (in-o-sel-i'-i-de) 

Inodes* (in-o'-dez) 

inodorus (in-od-6'-rus) without smell. 

inopinatus (in-op-in-a/-tus) unexpected. 

inopinus (in-op-In'-us) unexpected. 

inquiline (in'-kwi-lin) 

insculptus (in-skulp'-tus) engraved, carved. 

insignis (in-sig'-nis) remarkable, notable. 

insolitus (in-sol'-i-tus) unusual, uncommon. 

insonus (in'-son-us) without sound. 

insperatus (in-sper-a/-tus) unexpected. 

inspiratory (in-splr'-a-to-ri) 

inspissate (in-spis'-at) 

instabilis (in-stab'-il-is) unsteady. 

integument (in-te'-gu-ment) 

intercalary (in-ter-kal'-a-ri) 

interdictus (in-ter-dik'-tus) prohibited. 

intermedins (in-ter-med'-i-us) intermediate. 

interpres (in-ter'-pres) an interpreter, an explainer, 
a go-between. 

interruptus (in-ter-up'-tus) broken, parted, in- 
terrupted. 

intestine (in-tes'-tin) 

intine (in'-tin, in'-tin) 

intortus (in-tor'-tus) twisted. 



156 INTUTUS 

intutus (in-tu'-tus) defenseless, dangerous. 

intybus (in'-ti-bus) chicory. 

Inula* (in'-u-la) 

inundatus (in-und-a'-tus) over-flowed. 

invictus (in-vik'-tus) unconquered, invincible. 

invisus (in-vl'-sus) unseen, unknown. 

involucre (in-vo-lu'-ker) 

involutus (in-vol-u'-tus) intricate, obscure, in- 
volved. 

Io* (i'-o) 

Iochroma* (i-ok-ro'-ma) 

Ionidium* (i-on-id'-i-um) 

ionoglossus (i-on-o-glo'-sus, i-on-o-glos'-us) violet- 
tongued. 

Ionopsis* (i-on-op'-sis) 

ionoptera (i-on-op'-ter-a) 

Ionornis (i-on-or'-nis) 

Iphiclides (if-ik-ll'-dez) 

Iphisa (if-is-a) 

Ipomoea* (i-po-me'-a, I-pom-e'-a) 

Ipsea* (ip'-se-a) 

Irena (l-re'-na) 

Iresine* (i-res-i'-ne, i-res-I'-ne) 

Iridoprocne (ir-i-do-prok'-ne) 

irrectus (ir-ekt'-us) not straight. 

irriguus (ir-i'-gu-us) wet, swampy, full of water. 

irrorate (ir'-o-rat) 

irroratus (ir-6-ra/-tus) moistened. 

Isandra* (is-an'-dra) 

Isaria* (is-a'-ri-a) 

Isatis* (I'-sa-tis, I-sa'-tis) 

Ischarum* (isk'-ar-um) 



ISCHIOCERITE 



157 



ischiocerite (is-ki-os'-e-rit) 

ischium (is'-ki-um) 

Ischnocera (isk-nos'-er-a) 

Ischnochiton (isk-no-ki'-ton) 

Ischnopsyllidae (isk-no-psil'-i-de) 

Ismelia* (is-me'-li-a) 

Ismene* (is-me'-ne) 

Isnardia* (is-nar'-di-a) 

Isocardia (l-so-kar'-di-a) 

Isocoma* (l-so-ko'-ma) 

Isocybus (l-sos-ib'-us) 

isocytic (l-so-sit'-ik) 

Isoetes* (l-so'-e-tez, Is-o'-e-tez) 

isolecithal (l-so-les'-ith-al) 

Isolepis* (l-sol'-ep-is, I-sol'-ep-is) 

Isolobodon (I-so-lob'-o-don) 

Isoloma* (l-so-lo'-ma) 

Isomeris* (is-om'-er-is) 

Isoodon (l-so'-o-don) 

isophyllus (l-sof-il'-us) equal-leaved. 



Isomeris <Gr. isos, equa.l-\-meris, part. 
Pronounced: is-om'-er-is, but I-som'- 
er-is is acceptable. 




158 ISOPODA 

Isopoda (i-sop'-6d-a) 

Isoptera (l-sop'-ter-a) 

Isopyrum* (l-so-pi'-rum) 

Isora* (l-so'-ra) 

Isotria* (l-so'-tri-a) 

Itea* (it'-e-a, I'-te-a) 

iter (i'-ter, i'-ter) 

Ithaginis (ith-aj'-i-nis) 

Ithomia (ith-om'-i-a) 

Itonididae (it-on-id'-id-e, it-o-nid'-id-e) 

Iva* (I'-va) 

Ixiolirion* (iks-i-ol-i'-ri-on) 

Ixobrychus (iks-ob'-rik-us) 

ixocarpus (iks-o-kar'-pus) sticky-fruited. 

Ixodia* (iks-o'-di-a) 

Ixora* (iks-o'-ra) 

Ixoreus (ik-sor'-e-us) 



Jacana (ha'-ka-na) 

Jacaranda* (jak-a-ran'-da) 

jackal (jak'-al) 

Jacquemontia* (jak-kwem-on'-ti-a) 

jaeger (ya'-ger) 

jaguar (jag'-war) 

jalapa (jal'-ap-a) 

Jaltomata* (jal-tom'-at-a) 

Jalysus (ja'-lis-us) 

Jambosa* (jam-bo'-sa) 

Jamesia* (jam'-zi-a) 

Janipha* (jan-i'-fa) 

Janthina (jan'-thi-na) 



JANUSIA 



159 



Jamesia. Named in honor of Dr. 
Edwin James, American botanist 
who discovered the plant. Pro- 
nounced: jam'-si-a, not ja-me'-si-a. 




Janusia* (ja-nu'-si-a) 

Jasione* (jas-i-o'-ne) 

Jasminum* (jas'-min-um) 

Jassidae (jas'-i-de) 

Jatamansi* (jat-am-an'-si) 

Jatropha* (jat'-ro-fa, ja'-trof-a) 

jecoral (jek'-o-ral) 

Jerboa (jer-bo'-a, jer'-bo-a) 

Jongheana* (jon-ge-a'-na) 

Jubaea* (ju-be'-a, jub-e'-a) 

jubatus (jub-a'-tus) crested, having a mane. 

Juglans* (ju'-glanz, jiig'-landz) 

jugular (ju'-gii-lar) 

jugum (jQ'-gum) 

jujuba (jii'-jub-a, ju'-jub-a) 

jujubinus (ju-jub'-i-nus) jujub-like. 

Julus (ju'-lus) 

junceus (jun'-se-us) made of rushes, rush-like. 

Juncus* (jun'-kus) 

Juniperus* (ju-nip'-er-us) 



160 JURASSIC 

Jurassic (ju-ras'-ik) 
Justicia* (just-is'-i-a) 
Jussiaea* (jus-si-e'-a) 
juvenal (jti'-ven-al) 
juvencus (juv-enk'-us) young, 
juvenile (ju'-ven-il) 

K 

Kallstroemia* (kal-stre'-mi-a) 

Kalopanax* (ka-lop'-an-aks) 

Kalosanthes* (kal-os-anth'-ez) 

Kalotermitidae (ka-lo-ter-mit'-i-de) 

Kapala (kap'-al-a) 

karyoplasm (kar'-i-o-plazm) 

Kastnia (kast'-ni-a) 

kenenchyma (ken-eng'-kim-a) 

Kermes (ker'-mez) 

Kielmeyera (kel-ml-'er-a) 

kinesiatrics (kin-e-si-at'-riks) 

kinesis (kin-e'-sis) 

kinesodic (kin-es-od'-ik) 

kinetochore (kin-et'-o-kor, kin-e'-to-kdr) 

Kinixys (kin-iks'-iz) 

kinkajou (king'-ka-ju) 

Kinosternon (kin-6-ster'-non) 

knephoplankton (nef-o-plangk'-ton) 

Kniphofia* (nif-of'-i-a) 

Kobus (ko'-bus) 

Kochia* (kuk'-i-a, ko'-ki-a) 

Koeberlinia* (keb-er-lin'-i-a) 

Koelreuteria* (kel-roo-te'-ri-a) 

Kogia (ko'-ji-a) 



KOLKWITZIA 161 

Kolkwitzia* (kolk-wit'-zi-a) 
Krameria* (kra-mer'-i-a) 
krummholz (krum'-holz) 
Kyrthanthus* (kir-tan'-thus) 



labellum (lab-el'-um) 

labial (la'-bi-al) 

Labiatae (la-bi-a'-te, lab-i-a'-te) 

labiatus (lab-i-a/-tus) 

Labichea* (lab-l'-ke-a) 

labidophorus (lab-i-dof-6-rus) 

Labidura (lab-i-dur'-a) 

Labiduridae (lab-i-du'-ri-de) 

labidus (la/-bid-us) slippery. 

Labiidae (lab-i'-i-de) 

labilis (la'-bil-is) slipping, transient. 

labium (lab'-i-um, la'-bi-um) 

Lablavia* (lab-la'-vi-a) 

laboratory (lab-or-at-o'-ri, lab'-6r-a-to-ri) 

Labrax (la'-braks) 

labrosus (lab-ro'-sus) thick-lipped. 

labrum (lab'-rum, la/-brum) 

Laburnum* (lab-ur'-num) 

Lacaena* (las-e'-na) 

Laccobius (lak-ob'-i-us) 

Lacepedea* (las-e-pe'-de-a) 

lacerans (las'-er-anz) mutilating, torturing. 

Lacerta (las-er'-ta) 

Lacertilia (las-er-til'-i-a) 

Lachenalia* (lak-en-al'-i-a) 

Lachesis (lak'-e-sis) 



162 LACHNAEA 

Lachnaea (lak-ne'-a) 

Lachnanthes* (lak-nanth'-ez) 

Lachnosterna (lak-no-ster'-na) 

Lachnostoma (lak-nos'-tom-a) 

laciniatus (las-in-i-a/-tus) with jagged edges. 

Lacistema* (lak-is-te'-ma) 

Lacosoma (lak-os-om'-a) 

lacrimal (lak'-ri-mal) 

Lactuca* (lak-tu'-ka) 

lacuna (la-ku'-na, pi. la-kti'-ne) 

lacunar (la-ku'-nar) 

lacunose (la-ku'-nos) 

lacustris (lak-us'-tris) associated with lakes or 

ponds. 
Ladanum* (la/-dan-um, lad'-a-num) 
Laemobothriidae (le-mo-both-ri'-i-de) 
laenatus (le-na'-tus) cloaked. 

laetivirens (le-tiv'-ir-enz) with bright-green foliage, 
laetus (le'-tus) cheerful, gay, pleasing, beautiful, 
laevicaulis (le-vik-6'-lis) 

laevigatus (le-vi-ga'-tus) made smooth, smooth, 
laevis (le'-vis) smooth, slippery, soft. 
lagena (laj-e'-na) a flask 
Lagenaria* (laj-e-na/-ri-a) 
lagenarius (laj-e-na'-ri-us) of or pertaining to a 

bottle or flask. 
lageniform (laj-e'-ni-form) 
Lagenorhynchus (laj -en-o-ring'-kus) 
Lagerstroemia* (la-ger-stre'-mi-a) 
Lagidium (la-ji'-di-um) 
Lagoa (la-go'-a) 
Lagomorpha (la-go-mor'-fa, la-go-mor'-fa) 



LAGOMYS 163 

Lagomys (lag'-6-mis, la-go'-mis) 

lagopinus (lag-o-pi'-nus) like a hare's paw. 

Lagopus* (lag'-6-pus, la-go'-pus) 

Lagostomus (lag-os'-to-mus) 

Lagothrix (lag'-o-thriks) 

Lagunaria* (lag-u-na'-ri-a) 

Lagurus (lag-ur'-us) 

lamella (lam-el'-a) 

lamellar (la-mel'-ar, lam'-e-lar) 

Laminaria* (lam-in-ar'-i-a) 

Lamium* (la'-mi-um) 

Lampranthus* (lam-pran'-thus) 

lamprocarpus (lam-pro-kar'-pus) shining fruit. 

Lamprocolius (lam-pro-ko'-li-us) 

Lamprogale (lam-prog'-a-le) 

Lampropeltis (lam-pro-pelt'-is) 

Lamprotes (lam'-pro-tez) 

Lampyridae (lam-pir'-i-de) 

Lampyris (lam'-pir-is) 

lanate (la'-nat) 

lanatus (la-na'-tus) wooly, furnished with wool. 

lanceolatus (lan-se-ol-a/-tus) armed with a small 

point or lance. 
Laniidae (lan-l'-i-de) 
Lanius (lan'-i-us) 
Lanivireo (lan-i-vir'-e-o) 
lanose (la'-nos) 
Lantana (lan-ta'-na) 

lanuginosus (lan-u-jin-o'-sus) woolly, full of down, 
lanuginous (lan-u'-jin-us) 
lanugo (lan-u'-go, la-nu'-go) 



164 LAPATHIFOLIUS 

lapathifolius (lap-ath-i-fol'-i-us, lap-ath-i-fo'-li-us) 
sorrel-leaved. 

Laphria (laf'-ri-a) 

Laphygma (la-fig'-ma) 

lapideus (lap-id'-e-us) of stone, stony, a stone. 

lapillus (lap-il'-us) a pebble. 

Laplacea* (lap-la'-se-a) 

lappaceous (la-pa/-shus) 

Lapponum* (lap-o'-num) 

Lapula* (lap'-ul-a) 

largus (lar'-gus) abundant, large. 

laricinus (lar-is'-in-us) larch-like. 

Lariidae (lar-l'-i-de) 

Larix* (lar'-iks, la'-riks) 

Larrea* (lar'-e-a) 

Larus (la/-rus) 

lascivus (las-i'-vus) playful, frisky. 

Laserpitium* (las-er-pish'-i-um, las-er-pit'-i-um) 

Lasiandra* (las-i-an'-dra) 

Lasiocampidae (las-i-o-kam'-pi-de, la-si-6-kam'- 
pi-de) 

lasiolaenus (las-i-6-le'-nus, la-si-o-le'-nus) shaggy 
cloak. 

Lasionycteris (las-i-o-nik'-ter-is, la-si-o-nik'-ter-is) 

lasiophyllus (las-i-o-nl'-us, la-si-6-fiT-us) shaggy- 
leaved. 

Lasiopyga (las-i-o-pi'-ja, la-si-6-pi'-ja) 

Lasiosphaeria* (las-i-o-sfe'-ri-a, la-si-6-sfe'-ri-a) 

Lasiurus (las-i-u'-rus, la-si-ti'-rus) 

Lasius (las'-i-us, la'-si-us) 

Latania* (lat-a/-ni-a) 

Latax (la'-taks) 



LATEBRA 



165 



latebra (lat-eb'-ra) a hiding place. 

latebrosus (lat-eb-ro'-sus) obscure, secret, full of 

lurking places. 
latex (la'-teks) 
Lathraea* (lath-re'-a) 
Lathyrus* (lath'-ir-us) 
latidens (la'-ti-denz) broad-toothed. 



Lathyrus <lathyros, an old Greek name 
for the pea. Pronounced: lath'-ir-us, 
not lath-I'-rus. 




latifolius (la-ti-fol'-i-us, la-ti-fo'-li-us) broad- 
leaved, 
latipes (la/-ti-pez) broad-footed, 
latiusculus (lat-i-us'-ku-lus) somewhat broad, 
latrans (la'-tranz) barking. 
latus (la/-tus) broad, 
latus (la/-tus) carried, borne, 
latus («. la'-tus) the side, a lateral surface. 
Lavatera* (la-va-te'-ra) 
Lavinia (la-vin'-i-a) 
laxus (laks'-us) wide, roomy, open. 
Lebia (le'-bi-a) 



166 LEBISTES 

Lebistes (le-bis'-tez) 

Lecanium (le-ka/-ni-um) 

Lecanora* (lek-an-o'-ra) 

lechuguilla (lech-oo-ge'-ya, lech-06-geT-ya) 

lecithin (les'-ith-in) 

lecotropal (lek-ot'-rop-al) 

lectotype (lek'-to-tlp) 

lectus (lek'-tus) brought together. 

Lecythis* (le'-sith-is, les'-i-this) 

Leda (le'-da) 

ledifolius (le-di-fol'-i-us, le-di-fo'-li-us) with leaves 

like Ledum, the Laborador tea. 
Ledum* (le'-dum) 

legatus (le-ga'-tus) appointed, chosen. 
legume (leg'-iim, le-gum') 
Leimadophis (li-mad'-o-fis) 
Leiolopisma (ll-o-lop-iz'-ma) 
Leiophyllum* (li-of-il'-um) 
Leiothrix (lf-6-thriks) 
Leiotulus* (li-ot'-ul-us) 
Leipoa (li-po'-a) 
Leitneria* (llt-ne'-ri-a) 
Lemaireocereus* (le-ma-re-o-se'-re-us) 
lemma (le'-ma, pi. lem'-at-a) 
Lemmus (lem'-us) 
Lemna* (lem'-na) 
Lemniscomys (lem-nis'-ko-mis) 
Lemonias (le-mo'-ni-as) 
lendigerus (len-di'-jer-us) bearing kernels. 
Lendyanus* (len-di-a'-nus) 
lentiginosus (len-ti-jin-6'-sus) freckled, full of 

spots. 



LENTISCUS 167 

Lentiscus* (len-tis'-kus) 

leoninus (le-o-nl'-nus) of or belonging to a lion, 

colored yellow. 
Leontocebus (le-ont-o-se'-bus) 
Leontodon* (le-on'-to-don) 
Leonurus* (le-o-nu'-rus) 
Lepachys* (lep-ak'-is) 
Lepadomorpha (lep-ad-o-mor'-fa) 
Lepas (le'-pas) 

Lepidagathis* (lep-id-ag'-ath-is) 
Lepidium* (lep-id'-i-um) 

lepidocarpus (lep-id-o-kar'-pus) scaley fruited. 
Lepidoptera (lep-i-dop'-ter-a) 
Lepidosaphes (lep-id-os'-af-ez) 
Lepismidae (lep-iz'-mi-de) 
Lepomis (le-po'-mis) 
Leporidae (lep-or'-i-de) 
Leporillus (lep-or-il'-us) 
leporinus (lep-or-i'-nus) of a hare. 
Leptinus (lep-tin'-us) 
Leptoceridae (lep-to-ser'-i-de) 
Leptodeira (lep-to-di'-ra) 
Leptodira (lep-to-di'-ra) 
Leptodora (lep-tod'-o-ra) 
Leptogyne* (lep-toj'-in-e) 
Leptolophus (lep-tol'-o-fus) 
Leptonycteris (lep-to-nik'-ter-is) 
Leptophis (lept-of'-is) 
Leptophlebiidae (lep-to-fleb'-I-i-de) 
Leptoptilus (lep-top'-ti-lus) 
Leptospermum* (lep-tos-per'-mum) 
Leptotes* (lep'-tot-ez) 



168 LEPTOTHYRIUM 

Leptothyrium* (lep-toth-ir'-i-um) 

Leptotyphlops (lep-to-tif'-lops) 

Lepturus* (lep-tu'-rus) 

Lepus (le'-pus, lep'-us) 

Leria (le'-ri-a) 

Lernaea (ler-ne'-a) 

Lespedesa* (les-pe-de'-sa) 

Lestes (le'-stez) 

Lestidae (les'-ti-de) 

Lethocerus (leth-os'-er-us) 

lethostigma (leth-o-stig'-ma) 

Leucaena* (lu-se'-na) 

leucania (lu-ka/-ni-a) 

Leucauge (lu-ko'-je) 

Leucelene* (lu-se-le'-ne) 

Leucocorryne* (lii-kok-or'-in-e) 

leucocyte (lu'-ko-sit) 

Leucoium* (lQ-ko'-i-um) 

Leucojum* (lu-ko'-jum) 

leucon (lu'-kon) 

leucophaearia (lu-kof-e-a'-ri-a) 

leucophaeus (lu-kof-e'-us) white + dusky or gray. 

Leucopogon* (lu-kop-o'-gon) 

leucopsis (lu-kop'-sis) white-faced. 

Leucopsis (lu-kop'-sis) 

leucorhoda (lu-kor'-od-a) white rose. 

Leucosolenia (lu-ko-so-len'-i-a) 

Leucosticte (lu-ko-stik'-te) 

Leucothoe* (lu-koth'-6-e) 

leucothorectis (lu-ko-thor-ek'-tis) 

leucurus (lu-ku'-rus) white-tailed. 

levator (lev-a'-tor) 



LEVER 169 

lever (lev'-er, le'-ver) 
levigate (le'-vi-gat) 
levigatus (le-vi-ga'-tus) smooth, 
levipes (lev'-i-pez) light-footed. 
levis (lev'-is) light, not heavy, 
levis (le'-vis) smooth. 
Levisticum (lev-is'-tik-um) 
levulose (le'-vu-los, lev'-u-los) 
Leycesteria* (la-ses-te'-ri-a) 
Liatris* (li-a'-tris) 
libani (lib'-an-i) of Lebanon 
Libellulidae (li-be-lul'-i-de) 
Libocedrus* (li-bos-ed'-rus, lib-os-ed'-rus) 
libriform (lib'-ri-form) 
Lichanura (lik-an-ur'-a) 
Lichenes* (ll-ke'-nez) 
Lichnis* (lik'-nis) 
Lichonycteris (lik-o-nik'-ter-is) 
ligamentum (lig-a-ment'-um) 
Ligularia* (lig-ul-a'-ri-a) 
Ligusticum* (lig-us'-ti-kum) 

ligustrinus (lig-us-tri'-nus) of the kind of the privet. 
Ligustrum* (lig-us'-trum) 
Ligyda (lij'-i-da) 
Ligyrus (lij'-i-rus) 
Lilacis* (li-la'-sis) 
Lilium* (li'-li-um, lil'-i-um) 
limaciform (li-ma'-si-fdrm) 

limatulus (li-ma/tul-us) somewhat filed or polished. 
Limax (li'-maks) 

limbatus (lim-ba'-tus) bordered, with a hem, or 
edge. 



170 LIMIA 

Limia* (li'-mi-a) 

Limicola (li-mik'-6-la) 

Limicolae (ll-mik'-o-le) 

Limnada (lim'-na-da) 

Limnanthemum* (lim-nan'-the-mum) 

Limnephilidae (lim-ne-fil'-i-de) 

limnetic (lim-net'-ik) 

Limnetis (lim-ne'-tis) 

limnobates (lim-nob'-a-tez) 

Limnobia (lim-no'-bi-a) 

Limnobium* (lim-no'-bi-um) 

Limnodea* (lim-no'-de-a) 

Limnogale (lim-nog'-al-e) 

limnology (lim-nor-6-ji) 

Limnothlipis (lim-noth'-li-pis) 

Limonium* (li-mo'-ni-um) 

Limosa (ll-mo'-sa) 

Limosella* (li-mos-el'-a) 

limosus (llm-o'-sus) slimy, full of mud. 

Limulus (lim'-ul-us) 

Linanthus* (li-nan'-thus) 

Linaria* (ll-na/-ri-a) 

linariaefolius (li-na-ri-e-fol'-i-us, li-nar-i-e-fo'-li-us) 

with leaves like the toad-flax, Linaria. 
lineatus (li-ne-a'-tus) made straight; also, striped. 
lingulatus (lin-gu-la'-tus) shaped like a tongue, 
linicolus (li-ni'-ko-lus) growing amongst flax. 
linin (li'-nin) 
Linnaea* (lin-e'-a) 
linophyllus (ll-nof-il'-us) with leaves like flax 

(Linum). 
Linum* (ll'-num) 



LIODERA 



171 



Linanthus <Gr. linon, thread + anthos, 
flower. Pronounced: H-nan'-thus, not lin-an'- 
thus. 




Liodera (li-od'-e-ra) 

liolaenus (li-ol-e'-nus) smooth-cloaked. 

Liolepis (ll-ol'-e-pis) 

Liomys (ll'-o-mis) 

Liopeltis (ll-o-pelt'-is) 

Liotheidae (ll-oth-e'-id-e) 

Liparis* (lip'-a-ris) 

Liparia (li-par'-i-a) 

lipase (li'-pas) 

Lipeurus (lip-ur'-us) 

lipoclastic (lip-o-klas'-tik) 

Liposcelis (lip-os'-sel-is) 

lipotype (li'-po-tlp) 

lipoxenous (li-pok'-se-nus) 

liquis (ll'-kwis) oblique. 

Liriodendron* (ll-ri-od-en'-dron) 

Liriope* (ll'-ri-op-e) 

Litargus (lit-ar'-gus) 

Lithocolletes (lith-ok-ol-et'-ez) 

Lithocolletis* (lith-ok-ol-e'-tis) 



172 LITHODES 

Lithodes (li-tho'-dez) 

Lithodidae (li-thod'-i-de) 

Lithospermum* (lith-os-per'-mum) 

litigiosus (ll-tij-i-o'-sus) quarrelsome. 

litoral (lit'-6r-al) 

litoralis (li-to-ra'-lis) belonging to the shore. 

litoreus (llt-or'-e-us) 

Litorina (lit-6-ri'-na) 

litorosus (ll-tor-o'-sus) of or on the shore. 

litotes (ll-to'-tez) 

Litsea* (lit-se'-a) 

Littonia* (lit-on'-i-a) 

Littorella* (lit-or-el'-a) 

lituatus (lit'-u-a'-tus) forked. 

litus (llt'-us) of the sea-shore. 

lividus (li'-vid-us) blue, lead-colored. 

livius (ll'-vi-us) lead-colored. 

lobatus (lob-a'-tus) divided into or bearing lobes. 

Lobelia* (lo-be'-li-a) 

Lobesia (lo-besh'-i-a) 

Lobipes (lo'-bi-pez) 

Lobium (lo'-bi-um) 

Lobivanellus (lo-bi-van-el'-us) 

Lobosa (16-bo'-sa) 

Lobostemon* (lo-bos-te'-mon) 

lobotes (lo-bo'-tez) lobed. 

lobular (lob'-u-lar) 

lobule (lob'-ul) 

lobus (lo'-bus) 

locellate (lo-sel'-at) 

locellus (lo-sel'-us) 

Lochia (lo'-ki-a) 



LOCHITES 



173 



Lochites (lo-ki'-tez) 
loculicidal (lok-u-li-sld'-al) 
Locustidae (lo-kus'-ti-de) 
lodicule (lod'-i-kul) 
Lodoicea* (lod-o-is'-e-a) 
Loligo (lo-ll'-go) 




Loligo <L. loligo, a cuttlefish. Pronounced: lo-ll'-go, not lo'-ll-go. 



Loligopsis (lol-I-gop'-sis) 

Lolium* (lor-i-um, lo'-li-um) 

Lomaria* (lo-ma'-ri-a) 

Lomariopsis* (lo-ma-ri-op'-sis) 

Lomatium* (lo-ma'-shi-um, lo-ma'-ti-um) 

Lomvia (lom'-vi-a) 

Loncheres (long-ke'-rez) 

lonchochlamys (long-kok'-la-mis) with speared 

bracts. 
Lonchophylla (long-kof-il'-a) 
Lonchoptera (long-kop'-ter-a) 
Lonchura (long-ku'-ra) 
longevity (lon-jev'-i-ti) 
longiceps (lonj'-i-seps) long-headed. 



174 



LONGIFOLIUS 



longifolius (lon-ji-fol'-i-us, lon-ji-fo'-li-us) having 

long leaves. 
longinquus (lon-jin'-kwu-us) long, extensive. 
Longipennes (lon-jip-en'-ez) 
Lonicera (lon-is-e'-ra) 




Lonicera. Named after Adam Loni- 
cer (1528-1586), German botanist. 
Pronounced: 16-nis'-er-a, also lon-is- 
e'-ra. 



Lopezia* (lo-pez'-i-a, lop-e'-zi-a) 
Lophanthus* (16-fan'-thus, lof-an'-thus) 
Lophiola* (lo-fi-ol'-a, lof-i-ol'-a) 
Lophiomys (lo-fi'-o-mis, lof-i'-o-mis) 
Lophocereus* (16-fo-se'-re-us, lof-o-se'-re-us) 
Lophodytes (16-focT-i-tez, lof-od-i'-tez) 
Lopholatilus (lo-fo-lat'-i-lus, lof-o-lat'-i-lus) 
Lopholepis* (lo-fol'-ep-is, lof-ol'-ep-is) 
Lopholithodes (lo-fo-lith'-o-dez, lof-o-lith'-o-dez) 
Lophopanopeus (lo-fo-pan-op'-e-us, lof-6-pan-op'- 

e-us) 
Lophophora* (lo-fof'-or-a, lof-of'-or-a) 
Lophortyx (lo-for'-tiks, lof-or'-tiks) 
Lophotes (lo-fo'-tez, lof-o'-tez) 



LOPHYRUS 175 

Lophyrus* (lof-i'-rus) 

Lopimia* (lop-im'-i-a) 

Lopus (lo'-pus) 

Loranthus* (lo-ranth'-us) 

lorica (lo-ri'-ka, lor'-i-ka) 

loriceus (lo-rl'-se-us) clothed in armor. 

lotic (lo'-tik) 

lotor (lo'-tor) a washer. 

Lottia (lot'-i-a) 

Loxia (lok'-si-a) 

Loxodonta (lok-so-don'-ta) 

Loxotis* Ooks-o'-tis) 

lubricus (lti'-brik-us) slippery. 

Lucanidae (lu-kan'-i-de) 

Lucanus (lQ-kan'-us) 

lucens (lu'-senz) shining, conspicuous. 

Lucernaria (lu-ser-na'-ri-a) 

Lucidota (lu-si-do'-ta) 

lucidus (lii'-si-dus) clear, full of light, bright. 

Luciparens (lu-sip'-ar-enz) 

lucius (lu'-si-us) a kind of fish. 

luctuosus (luk-tu-6s'-us) causing trouble, doleful. 

luculentus (lu-ku-len'-tus) clear, bright, splendid. 

Lucuma* (lu-ku r -ma) 

ludens (lu'-denz) sportive. 

ludibundus (lu-di-bun'-dus) sportive, playful. 

Luffa* (luf'-a) 

lugubris (lu-gu'-bris) of or belonging to sorrow. 

Luidia (lu-id'-i-a) 

Luina* (lu'-in-a) 

Lumbricus (lum-brl'-kus, lum'-bri-kus) 

lumen (lu'-men, pi. lu'-mi-na) 



176 LUNDA 

Lunda (lun'-da) 

lupine (lu'-pin) 

lupinus (lup-l'-nus, lQ-pl'-nus) 

lupulinus (lup-u-li'-nus) with habits or form of 
hops. 

lupus (lup'-us) a wolf. 

luridus (lu'-rid-us) 

Luscinia (lu-sin'-i-a) 

luscus (lus'-kus) one-eyed. 

lusitanicus (lu-sit-a/-nik-us) Portuguese, of Portu- 
gal. 

lutarius (lu-ta'-ri-us) living on mud. 

luteoalbus (lu-te-o-al'-bus) yellowish-white. 

luteolus (lu-te'-ol-us) yellowish. 

luteus (lu'-te-us) yellow, golden-yellow, orange- 
yellow. 

lutosus (lu-to'-sus) full of mud, filthy, dirty. 

Lutra (lu'-tra) 

Lutreola (lu-tre'-ol-a) 

Luziola* (lQ-zi'-ol-a) 

Luzula* (lu'-zu-la) 

Lycaena (ll-se'-na) 

Lycaenidae (li-sen'-i-de) 

Lycaon (lis-a'-on) an animal of the wolf kind. 

Lychnis* (lik'-nis) 

Lycioplesium* (lis-i-op-le'-si-um) 

Lycium* (lish'-i-um, lis'-i-um) 

Lycogaster (ll-kog-as'-ter) 

Lycoperdina (li-ko-per-dl'-na) 

Lycopersicon* (li-ko-per'-si-kon) 

Lycophyta (ll-kof'-it-a) 

Lycopodiales* (ll-ko-pod-i-al'-ez, ll-ko-po-di-al'-ez) 



LYCOPODIUM 



177 



Lycium <Gr. Lykion, a. name given to 
Rhamnus since it comes from Lycia. Pro- 
nounced: lis'-i-um, not H'-si-um. 




Lycopodium* (li-kop-od'-i-um, li-kop-o'-di-um) 

Lycopsis* (li-kop'-sis) 

Lycopus (li'-ko-pus) 

Lycoris* (li-kor'-is, lik-o'-ris) 

Lycornis (ll-kor'-nis) 

Lycosa (ll-ko'-sa, lik-o'-sa) 

Lycosidae (li-kos'-id-e) 

Lyctidae (lik'-ti-de) 

Lycurus* (li-kur'-us) 

Lyda (li'-da) 

Lyencephala (li-en-sef'-al-a) 

Lygaeidae (li-je'-i-de) 

Lygeum* (li-je'-um) 

Lygistum* (lij-is'-tum) 

Lygodesmia* (ll-go-des'-mi-a) 

Lygodium* (lig-o'-di-um, ll-go'-di-um) 

lygophil (ll'-go-fil) 

Lymantria (ll-man'-tri-a) 

Lymantriidae (li-man-trl'-i-de) 

Lymexylon (li-meks'-il-on) 

Lymnaea (lim-ne'-a) 



178 LYNCEA 

Lyncea (lin-se'-a, lin'-se-a) 

Lynx (links) 

Lyonetiidae (li-o-net-l'-i-de) 

Lyrocarpa* (ll-ro-kar'-pa, lir-6-kar'-pa) 

Lyroda (ll-ro'-da) 

Lyrurus (ll-ru'-rus) 

Lysichiton (ll-si-kl'-ton, lis-i-kl'-ton) 

Lysiloma* (li-si-lo'-ma, lis-i-lo'-ma) 

Lysimachia* (li-si-ma'-ki-a, lis-i-ma'-ki-a) 

lysin (li'-sin) 

Lysiphlebus (ll-sif-le'-bus) 

Lyssianassidae (lis-i-a-nas'-i-de) 

Lythrum* (lith'-rum, li'-thrum) 

Lyurus (li-u'-rus) 

M 

Maba* (ma'-ba) 

Macaca (mak-a/-ka) 

Macacus (mak-a'-kus) 

macaque (ma-kak') 

macellarius (mas-el-a/-ri-us) of or belonging to a 

meat-seller, 
macer (ma'-ser) meager, lean. 
Machaerocereus* (mak-e-ro-se'-re-us) 
Machairodus (mak-l'-rod-us) 
Machilidae (mak-ir-i-de) 
Macodes* (mak-o'-dez) 
Macoma (mak-o'-ma) 
Macradenia* (mak-rad-e'-ni-a) 
macradenous (mak-rad-en'-us) large-glanded. 
Macranoplon* (mak-ran-op'-lon) 
Macrochelys (mak-rok'-e-lis) 



MACROCHIRES 179 

Macrochires (mak-ro-ki'-rez) 

Macrochloa* (mak-rok'-lo-a) 

Macrocladus* (mac-rok'-lad-us) 

Macratia (mak-ra'-ti-a) 

Macrobasis (mak-rob'-as-is) 

Macrogeomys (mak-ro-ge'-o-mis) 

Macronema* (mak-ro-ne'-ma) 

Macronyx (mak'-ro-niks) 

Macrophya (mak-rof -i-a) 

Macroplethus* (mak-rop-le'-thus) 

Macropodidae (mak-ro-pod'-i-de) 

macropyrenic (mak-ro-pir-e'-nik) 

macrorrhizus (mak-ro-rhl'-zus) with long or large 
roots. 

Macroscelides (mak-ros-sel'-i-dez, mak-ro-sel'-i- 
dez) 

Macrotus (mak-ro'-tus) 

Macroxyela (mak-ro-zi'-el-a) 

Macrozamia (mak-ro-za'-mi-a) 

maculatus (mak-ul-a/-tus) spotted, speckled, dap- 
pled. 

Madia* (ma/-di-a) 

Madoqua (ma-do'-kwa) 

Madreporaria (mad-re-por-a'-ri-a, mad-rep-or-a'- 
ri-a) 

madrepore (mad'-re-por) 

madreporite (mad-rep'-6r-It) 

Magilus* (maj'-i-lus) 

magnus (mag'-nus) large. 

Mahonia* (ma-ho'-ni-a) 

Maia (ma'-ya) 

maize (maz, ma-ez') 



180 MAIANTHEMUM 

Maianthemum* (ma-an'-the-mum, ma-yan'-the- 

mum) 
majalis (ma-ja'-lis) a gelded boar, 
major (ma'-jor) greater. 
majus (maj'-us) great. 
Malachium* (mal-ak'-i-um) 
Malachius (mal-ak'-i-us) 
Malaclemys = Malaclemmys (mal-a'-klem-is) 
Malacomiza (mal-ak-om-Iz'-a) 
Malacostraca (mal-a-kos'-tra-ka) 
Malacothrix* (mal-a-ko'-thriks) 
Malarcha* (mal-ark'-a) 
Malaxis* (mal-ak'-sis) 
Malope* (ma'-lop-e, mal'-o-pe) 
Malpighia* (mal-pig'-i-a) 
maltose (mol'-tos) 
Malva* (mal'-va) 
Malvastrum* (mal-vas'-trum) 
Malvaviscus* (mal-vav-is'-kus) 
Mammea* (mam-e'-a) 
Mammilaria* (mam'-i-la'-ri-a) 
Manaclus (man-ak'-lus) 
Mandragora* (man-drag'-or-a) 
manicatus (man-i-ka'-tus) furnished with long 

sleeves. 
maniculatus (man-ik-ul-a/-tus) with small hands. 
Manolepis (man-o'-lep-is) 
Mantidae (man'-ti-de) 
mantis (man'-tis, pi. man'-tez) 
Mantispidae (man-tis'-pi-de) 
Marasmius* (mar-as'-mi-us) 
marcescent (mar-ses'-ent) 



MARCIANUS 181 

marcianus (mar-si-a'-nus) 

Mareca (ma-re'-ka) 

margarine (mar'-gar-in) 

margaritaceus (mar-gar-i-ta'-se-us) pearl-like. 

Margarites (mar-gar-l'-tez) 

Margarodidae (mar-ga-ro'-di-de) 

marinus (mar-I'-nus) of the sea, growing in the 

waters of the sea. 
maritimus (mar-it'-im-us) of or belonging to the 

sea. 
marmoratus (mar-mor-a'-tus) covered with marble. 
Marmosa (mar-mo'-sa) 
Marmota (mar'-mo-ta) 
Marrubium* (mar-u'-bi-um) 
marsupial (mar-su'-pi-al) 
Martes (mar'-tez) 
Masaridae (mas-a'-ri-de) 
Masaris (mas'-a-ris) 
masculus (mas'-ku-lus) vigorous, manly, having 

testicle-like tubers. 
Masticophis (mas-tik'-of-is) 
mastigium (mas-tij'-i-um) 
Mastigophora (mas-ti-gof'-o-ra) 
Mastotermitidae (mas-to-ter-mit'-i-de) 
Matricaria* (mat-ri-ka'-ri-a) 
matrix (ma'-triks, pi. ma/-tri-sez) 
matronalis (ma-tron-a/-lis) of or belonging to a 

married woman. 
maturative (mat-ur'-a-tiv) 
matutinal (mat-u'-ti-nal) 
Maurandya* (m6r-an'-di-a) 
maximus (maks'-im-us) largest, very large. 



182 MAYACA 

Mayaca* (ma-yak'-a, ma-ya'-ka) 

Mayetiola (ma-et-l'-ol-a) 

Maytenus* (ma'-ten-us, ma-te'-nus) 

Mazama (ma-za'-ma) 

Mazus* (maz'-us) 

Meandrina (me-an-drl'-na) 

means (me'-anz) going, passing; sometimes used in 

sense of quick-moving, 
meatus (me-at'-us) a passage. 
meconium (me-ko'-ni-um) 
Meconopsis* (me-kon-op'-sis) 
Mecoptera (me-kop'-ter-a) 
Medeola* (me-de'-ol-a) 
mediastinum (me-di-as-tl'-num) 
Medica* (me'-dik-a) 
Medicago* (me-dik-a'-go) 
Medinilla* (me-din-i'-la) 

medius (me'-di-us) intermediate, in the middle. 
medulla (med-ul'-a) 
medullary (med'-ii-la-ri, me-dul'-a-ri) 
Medusa (me-dus'-a) 
Megaceryle (meg-a-ser'-i-le) 
Megachile (meg-a-ki'-le) 
Megachilidae (meg-a-kil'-i-de) 
Megaderus (me-gad'-e-rus) 
Megadrili (meg-a-drl'-ll) 
Megalobatrachus (meg-a-lo-bat'-ra-kus) 
Megalodachne (meg-a-lo-dak'-ne) 
Megalodon (meg'-a-lo-don, meg-al'-o-don) 
Megalonyx (meg-a-lon'-iks) 
Megalops (meg'-a-lops) 
Megalopyge (meg-a-lop-l'-je) 



MEGALORNIS 



183 



Megalornis (meg-al-6r'-nis) 

Megaphyton (meg-af'-i-ton) 

Megascops (meg'-a-skops) 

Megaspilus (meg-as-pl'-lus) 

Megathymus (meg-ath-Im'-us, meg-a-thl'-mus) 

Megilla (me-jil'-a) 



Megascops <Gr. megas, great+ skops, a 
■small kind of owl. Pronounced: meg'-a- 
skops, not meg-a-skops. 




meiogenic (ml-o-jen'-ik) 
meiomery (ml-om'-er-i) 
meiosis (mi-o-'sis) 
meiotic (mi-ot'-ic) 
Meiracylium* (mlr-ak-ir-i-um) 
Melaleuca* (mel-al-u'-ka) 
Melampodium* (mel-am-po'-di-um) 
Melampus (mel-am'-pus) 
Melampyrum* (mel-am-pl'-rum) 
Melanerpes (mel-an-er'-pez) 
melanin (mel'-a-nin) 
melanism (mel'-a-nizm) 
melanistic (mel-an-is'-tik) 
Melanitta (mel-an-it'-a) 



184 MELANOCARPUM 

Melanocarpum* (mel-an-ok-ar'-pum) 
melanocorys (mel-an-ok'-or-is) black helmet, 
melanophore (mer-an-6-for, mel-an'-o-for) 
Melanoplus (mel-an'-o-plus) 
Melanthium* (mel-an'-thi-um) 
meleagridis (mel-e-a/-gri-dis) of the guinea-fowl. 
Meleagris (mel-e-a'-gris) 
Meleoma (mel-e-om'-a) 
Meles (me'-lez) 
Melia* (mel'-i-a) 
Meliantheae* (mel-i-anth'-e-e) 
Melica* (mel'-i-ka) 
Melicope* (mel-ik'-op-e) 
melilot* (mel'-i-lot) 
Melilotus* (mel'-i-lo'-tus) 
Meliosma* (mel-i-os'-ma) 
Meliponidae (mel-i-pon'-i-de) 
Melissa* (mel-is'-a) 
Melissodes (mel-is-od'-ez) 
Melittis* (mel-it'-is) 
Melittobia (mel-it-ob'-i-a) 

melleus (mel'-e-us) of honey, honey-sweet, de- 
lightful. 
Mellivora (mel-iv'-o-ra) 
Melocactus* (mel-o-kak'-tus) 
Melochia* (mel-ok'-i-a) 
melodus (mel-o'-dus) melodious. 
Meloidae (mel-o'-i-de) 
Melolonthidae (mel-o-lon'-thi-de) 
Melophagus (mel-of'-ag-us) 
Melospiza (mel-o-splz'-a) 
Melothria* (me-loth'-ri-a) 



MEMBRACIDAE 185 

Membracidae (mem-bras'-i-de) 

Membranipora (mem-bra-nip'-6r-a) 

membranous (mem'-bra-nus) 

mendicus (men-di'-kus) needy, beggarly. 

menicatus (men-ik-a'-tus) made into a crescent. 

meningeal (men-in'-je-al) 

meninges (men-in'-jez) 

Meniscotherium (men-is-ko-the'-ri-um) 

Menispermum* (men-i-sper'-mum) 

Menodora* (men-6-dor'-a) 

Menoponidae (men-o-pon'-i-de) 

Menotypla (men-o-tip'-la) 

Mentha* (men'-tha) 

Mentzelia* (ment-ze'-li-a) 

Menura (men-ur'-a) 

Menyanthes* (men-i-an'-thez) 

Mephitis (me-fi'-tis, mef-l'-tis) 

Mercurialis* (mer-kur-i-a'-lis) 

merens (mer'-enz) deserving; also, guilty. 

merganser (mer-gan'-ser) 




Mephitis <L. mephitis, a pestilential exhalation. Pronounced: 
mef -it-is, not me-fit'-is. 



186 MERGENS 

mergens (mer'-jenz) dipped, sinking. 

Mergus (mer'-gus) 

meridianus (mer-id-i-a/-nus) 

Meriones (me-rl'-6-nez) 

meroblastic (mer-o-blas'-tik) 

Meropidae (me-rop'-i-de) 

Merops (mer'-ops, me'-rops) 

Mertensia* (mer-ten'-si-a) 

merulus (mer'-ul-us) a blackish bird. 

Merychippus (mer-i-kip'-us) 

mesaeum (mes-e'-um) 

mescal (mes-kal') 

Mesembryanthemum* (mes-em-bri-anth '-em-urn, 

mes-em-bri-anth '-em-um) 
mesenchymal (mes-eng'-ki-mal) 
mesenchyme (mes-eng'-kim) 
mesentery (mes'-en-ter-i) 
mesepimeron (mes-e-pim'-e-ron) 
mesial (me'-zi-al) 

mesic (mes'-ik, me'-sik) pertaining to the middle. 
Mesites (mes-l'-tez) 
mesoderm (mes'-o-derm) 
mesoglea (mes-6-gle'-a) 
mesomelas (mes-o'-me-las) halfway black. 
Mesoplodon (mes-op'-lo-don) 
Mesovelia (mes-ov-eT-i-a) 
Mesozoic (mes-6-zo'-ik) 
Mespilus* (mes'-pil-us) 
mesquite (mes-ket'-a, mes-ket') 
Mesua* (me'-su-a, mes'-u-a) 
Metachirops (met-a-kl'-rops) 
metameric (met-a-mer'-ik) 



METAMERISM 187 

metamerism (met-am'-er-izm) 

Metandrocarpa (met-an-dro-kar'-pa) 

meteloides (met-el-o-l'-dez) like metel, a kind of 

plant. 
Metepiera (met-e-pi'-ra) 
Methoca (meth-ok'-a) 
Metis (me'-tis) 
metoecious (met-e'-shus) 
Metopia (met-op'-i-a) 
Metopoceros (met-6-pos'-er-os) 
Metridium (me-tri'-di-um) 
Metrosideros* (me-tro-si-de'-ros, met-ros-id-e'- 

ros) 
Metroxylon* (me-troks'-il-on) 
Meum* (me'-um) 
Mezira (mez-i'-ra) 
Miarchus (ml-ar'-kus) 
micans (mik'-anz) glittering. 
Micranthemum* (ml-kran'-the-mum) 
micranthus (ml-kran'-thus) 
Micrathene (mik-ra-the'-ne) 
Microcebus (ml-kro-se'-bus) 
Microdipodops (ml-kro-di'-pod-ops) 
microdon (mi'-krod-on) 
Microgadus (ml-kro-ga'-dus) 
microglochin (ml-kro-glo'-kin) a small point. 
microgyne (mi-kroj'-in-e, ml'-kro-jin) 
Microligea (ml-kro-li'-je-a) 
Micromalthus (ml-kro-mar-thus) 
micromeris (mi-krom'-er-is) a small part. 
Microrhagus (mi-kro-rag'-us) 
micron (mi'-kron) 



188 MICROPALAMA 

Micropalama (ml-kro-par-a-ma) 

Micropodidae (ml-kro-pod'-i-de) 

microscopist (ml-kros'-ko-pist) 

Microseris* (ml-kros'-er-is) 

Microsorex (ml-kro-so'-reks) 

Microstylis* (ml-kros'-til-is) 

Microtus (mi-krot'-us) 

Micruroides (mlk-ru-ro-l'-dez) 

Micrurus (mi-kru'-rus) 

Midas (ml'-das) 

Mididae (mid'-i-de) 

mignonette (min-yun-et') 

Mikania* (mik-an'-i-a) 

miliarius (ml-li-a/-ri-us) of millet; also, containing 

a thousand. 
militaris (mi-li-ta/-ris) war-like, like a soldier. 
Milium* (mil'-i-um) 
milleped (mil'-e-ped) 
milpa (mil'-pa) 

milvus (mll'-vus) a bird of pre}', a kite. 
Mimesidae (ml-mes'-id-e) 
mimetic (mi-met'-ik, mi-met'-ik) 
Mimosa* (ml-mo'-sa) 
Mimulus* (mim'-u-lus, ml'-mul-us) 
Mimus (mi'-mus) 
Mimusops* (ml'-mus-ops) 
minax (mi'-naks) projecting, 
minimus (min'-i-mus) very small, least, smallest. 
Minois (min-o'-is) 
minor (ml'-nor) smaller 
minus (mi'-nus) less, subtracting, 
minute (adj. min-ut/) 



MINUTUS 



189 



Mimosa <L. mimus, an actor. Pro- 
nounced: ml-mo'-sa, also sometimes pro- 
nounced mi-mo'-sa, but this is not correct 
but rather a pronunciation long used and 
so accepted. 




minutus (min-u'-tus) small. 

Miocene (ml'-o-sen) 

Miohippus (ml-o-hip'-us) 

miracidium (ml-ra-sid'-i-um) 

Mirafra (mir-af'-ra) 

Miridae (mlr-i-de, mir'-i-de) 

mirificus (mi-ri'-fi-kus) wonderful, strange. 

Mirounga (mir-oung'-ga) 




Mimulus <Late L. mimulus <L. mimulus, a dimin- 
utive <mlmos, an actor. Pronounced: mi'-mul-us, 
but mim'-u-lus is almost always used. 



190 MIRUS 

minis (ml'-rus) wonderful, extraordinary. 

Miscophus (mis-ko'-fus) 

miser (mis'-er) wretched. 

mistletoe (mis'l'-to) 

Mitella* (mit-el'-a) 

mitis (ml'-tis) mellow, ripe, soft, gentle. 

mitiusculus (mi-ti-us'-kul-us) mild, very gentle. 

mitochondria (ml-to-kon'-dri-a) 

mitosis (ml-to'-sis, mit-o'-sis) 

mitral (ml'-tral) 

mitralis (ml'-tra-lis) pertaining to a head-band or 

turban. 
mitriform (mi'-tri-form) 
Mnemiopsis (ne-mi-ops'-is) 
Mniotilta (m-o-til'-ta) 
Mnium* (ni'-um) 
Mobula (mob'-u-la) 
Modiola* (mo-di'-o-la, mod'-i-ol-a) 
modiolus (mo-di'-o-lus) 
Moeritherium (mer-i-the'-ri-um) 
mola (mol'-a) a millstone. 
Molamba (mol-am'-ba) 
Molanna (mol-an'-a) 
Molannidae (mo-lan'-i-de) 
molecule (mol'-e-kul, mo'-le-kul) 
Molge (mol'-je) 

molitor (mol'-i-tor) a grinder, a miller, 
mollis (mol'-is) soft. 
Mollugo* (mol-u'-go) 
Moloch (mo'-lok) 
Molossus (mo-los'-us) 
Molothrus (mol'-o-thrus) 



MOMORDICA 191 

Momordica* (mom-or'-di-ka) 

Momota (mo-mo'-ta) 

Mompha (mom'-fa) 

Monachus (mon'-a-kus) 

monad (mon'-ad, mo'-nad) 

Monadina (mo-na-dl'-na) 

Monarda* (mon-ar'-da) 

Monarthrum (mon-ar'-thrum) 

monax (mon'-aks) a monk. 

Monedula (mon-ed'-ul-a) 

Moneses* (mon'-es-ez, mo-ne'-sez) 

Monezia (mon-ez'-ia) 

Monilia* (mon-i'-li-a) 

Moniliales (mon-I-li-a/-lez) 

moniliferus (mon-il-i'-fer-us) bearing a necklace or 

collar, 
moniliform (mon-il'-i-form) 
monilis (mon-i'-lis) of a necklace. 
Monniera* (mon-i-e'-ra) 
monobasis (mon-ob'-as-is) 
Monoclonius (mon-6-klo'-ni-us) 
monoecious (mo-ne'-shus, mon-e'-shus) 
Monogenea (mon-o-je'-ne-a) 
monogynus (mon-oj'-in-us) with single style, 
monogyra (mon-o-ji'-ra) single-whorled. 
Monohammus (mon-6-ham'-us) 
monohybrid (mon-6-hl'-brid) 
Monolopia* (mon-ol-o'-pi-a) 
Monopelis* (mon-op'-el-is) 
Monophyllus (mon-o-fil'-us) 
Monotoma (mon-ot'-o-ma) 
Monotropa* (mon-ot'-rop-a) 



192 MONTANUS 

montanus (mon-tan'-us) belonging to a mountain, 

dwelling in mountains. 
Montia* (mon'-ti-a) 

monticolus (mon-ti'-kol-us) mountain-dweller. 
Mopalia (mo-pal'-i-a) 
mopane (mo-pa'-ne) 
Moraea* (mor-e'-a) 
moray (mo'-ra) 

mordax (mor'-daks) given to biting, snarling. 
Mordellidae (mor-del'-i-de) 
Mordellistena (mor-del-is'-ten-a) 
Morina* (raor'-I-na) 
Moringa* (mor-in'-ga) 
Moris (mo'-ris) 
Moronidae (mo-ron'-i-de) 
Moronobea* (mor-o-no'-be-a) 
Moropus (mor'-o-pus) 
Moroteuthis (mor-o-tu'-this) 
Morphoidae (mor-fo'-i-de) 
morrhua (mor-u'-a) 
morula (mor'-ul-a) 
Morus* (mo'-rus, mor'-us) 
Mosasaurus (mo-sa-so'-rus) 

moschatus (mos-ka/-tus) having the odor of musk, 
Moschus (mos'-kus) 
motacilla (mo-ta-si'-la) the wagtail. 
Motacillidae (mo-ta-sil'-i-de) 
mouflon (moof'-lon) 
mucronatus (mu-kro-na/-tus) ending in a short 

point, pointed, 
mucronis (mu-kron'-is) of a sharp point or edge. 
Muehlenbeckia* (mu-len-bek'-i-a) 



MUGIL 



193 



Mugil (mu'-jil) 

Mugilidae (mu-jil'-i-de) 

Muilla (mu-ir-a) 

mulatto (mu-lat'-o) 

Mulgedium* (mul-je'-di-um) 

multicaulis (mul-ti-ko'-lis) many-stalked. 

Mungos (mung'-os) 

Munia (mu'-ni-a) 

Muntiacus (mun-tl'-ak-us) 

muralis (mu-ra'-lis) belonging to walls. 

Murgantia (mur-gan'-ti-a) 

muricatus (mu-ri-ka'-tus) pointed. 

Muridae (mu'-ri-de) 

Murinus (mu-rl'-nus) 

murorum (mur-6r'-um) of walls. 

murre (mer) 

Mus (mils, mus) 

Musa* (mu'-sa, mu'-za) 

Musaceae* (mu-sa'-se-e) 

musang (mu-sang') 




Mus <L. mils, mouse. Pronounced: mus, but New Latin mus is considered 

acceptable. 



194 MUSCARDINUS 

Muscardinus (mus-kar-di'-nus) 

Muscari* (mus-ka'-ri) 

muscariform (mus-kar'-i-form) 

muscarius (mus-ka'-ri-us) belonging to flies. 

Muscicapa (mus-ik'-ap-a) 

Muscidae (mus'-i-de, mus'-i-de) 

musciferus (mus-if'-er-us) bearing moss, moss-like. 

muscipulus (mus-ip'-ul-us) fly-catching. 

Muscivora (mus-iv'-6r-a) 

muscoides (mus-ko-l'-dez) like moss. 

muscosus (mus-ko'-sus) moss-like, mossy. 

musimon (mus'-i-mon) 

Mustela (mus-te'-la) 

mustelinus (mus-te-li'nus) weasel-colored, of or be- 
longing to a weasel. 

muticus (mut'-i-kus) blunted, curtailed, lopped 
off. 

Mutillidae (mu-til'-i-de) 

Myadestes (ml-a-des'-tez) 

Mycetochares (mi-set-ok'-ar-ez) 

Mycetophagus (mi-se-tof -a-gus) 

Mycetophila (mi-se-tof -il-a) 

Mycetophilidae (mi-se-to-nT-i-de) 

Mycetozoa (ml-se-to-zo'-a) 

Mycomyia (ml-kom-i'-i-a) 

Mycteria (mik-te'-ri-a) 

Mydaidae (mid-a'-i-de) 

Mydaus (mid'-a-us) 

myelin (ml'-el-in) 

myeloblast (ml-el'-o-blast) 

Mygale (mig'-a-le) 

Myiarchus (ml-i-ark'-us, ml-yark'-us) 



MYIOBORUS 195 

Myioborus (mi-i-o-bor'-us, ml-yo-bor'-us) 
Myiochanes (mi-i-o-kan'-ez) mi-yo-kan'ez) 
Myiodioctes (ml-i-o-di-ok'-tez, ml-yo-di-ok'-tez) 
Myiopsitta (mi-i-o-sit'-a) 
Mymaridae (mi-mar'-i-de) 
Myoporum* (ml-op'-or-um) 
Myosorex (ml-os-o'-reks) 
Myosotidium* (mi-os-6-ticT-i-um) 
Myosotis* (ml-os-o'-tis) 
Myosurus* (mi-os-u'-rus) 
Myotis (mi-ot'-is) 
Myriapoda (mir-i-ap'-o-da) 
Myrica* (mir-i'-ka) 
Myriodaria (mur-i-o-da'-ri-a) 
Myriophyllum* (mir-i-o-fil'-um) 
Myrmecobius (mur-me-kob'-i-us) 
Myrmecolacidae (mur'-me-ko-las'-i-de) 
myrmecology (mur-me-kol'-o-ji) 
Myrmecophaga (mur-me-kof'-a-ga) 
Myrmeleontidae (mur-me-le-ont'-i-de, mur-me-le- 
ont'-i-de) 
Myrmica (mur-mlk'-a) 
Myrrhis* (mir'-is) 

myrsinites (mir-sin-i'-tez) myrtle-like. 
Myrtillocactus* (mur-til-6-kak'-tus) 
Myrus (ml'-rus) 
Mysis (ml'-sis) 
mytilid (mi'-til-id) 
Mytilus (mit'-il-us) 
Myxine (miks-i'-ne) 
myxinoid (miks'-in-oyd) 
Myxomycetes (miks-o-ml-se'-tez) 



196 MYXOMYCOPHYTA 

Myxomycophyta (miks-6-mi-kof'-it-a) 
Myzine (mi-zi'-ne) 
Myzomela (ml-zom'-el-a) 
Myzostoma (mi-zos-to'-ma) 
Myzus (mi'-zus) 

N 

Nabalus* (nab'-al-us) 

Nabidae (nab'-i-de 

Nacerdes (na-ser'-dez) 

nacre (na'-ker) 

Naeogeus (ne-oj-e'-us) 

naevius (ne'-vi-us) spotted with moles, with 

blemishes. 
naiad (na'-yad, ni'-ad) 
Naias* (na'-yas) 
Naja (na'-ja) 
Nama* (na'-ma) 

Nannochoristidae (nan-6-ko-ris'-ti-de) 
Nannus (nan'-us) 
nanus (na'-nus) a dwarf. 
Napaea* (na-pe'-a) 
Napaeozapus (na-pe-o-za/-pus) 
napellus (na-pel'-us) a little turnip. 
Napus* (na'-pus) 
Narcine (nar-si'-ne) 
Narcissus* (nar-sis'-us) 
Narcobatis (nar-kob'-a-tis) 
Narcomedusae (nar-ko-me-dus'-e) 
Nardus* (nar'-dus) 
nares (na'-rez, sing, of na'-ris) 
Narthecium* (nar-the'shi-um, nar-the'-si-um) 



NASALIS 197 

Nasalis (na-sal'-is) 

nascent (nas'-ent, na'-sent) 

nasicus (na'-si-kus) nosed, with a nose. 

Naso (na'-so) 

Nasturtium* (nas-tur'-shi-um) 

nasus (nas'-us) nose. 

nasutus (na-su'-tus) large-nosed. 

natant (na'-tant) 

Nathodus (nath'-o-dus) 

Natica (nat'-ik-a) 

Natrix (na'-triks) 

Naucinus (no'-sin-us) 

Nauclerus (no-kle'-rus) 

Naucoridae (no-kor'-i-de) 

naucrates (nd-kra'-tez) a pilot. 

navalis (na-va'-lis) belonging to ships. 

Navarretia* (nav-ar-et'-i-a) 

navicular (na-vik'-u-lar) 

neanderthalensis (ne-an-der-tal-en'-sis) 

Nebalia (ne-ba'-li-a) 

necator (nek-a/-tor) a murderer. 

Nectarophora (nek-tar-of'-6r-a) 

Nectogale (nek-to'-ga-le) 

Nectria* (nek'-tri-a) 

Necturus (nek-tii'-rus) 

Neelidae (ne-el'-i-de) 

Neelus (ne-el'-us) 

Negundo* (ne-gun'-do) 

Neides (ne-ld'-ez) 

Nelumbo* (ne-lum'-bo) 

Nemacladus* (ne-mak'-la-dus) 

Nemastylis* (ne-mas'-til-is) 



198 



NEMATHELMINTHES 




Nemocladus <Gr. nana, genit. nemalos, 
a thread -rklados, a branch. Pronounced: 
ne-mak'-la-dus, net ne-ma-klad'-us. 



Nemathelminthes (nem-at-hel-min'-thez) 
Nematocera (nem-at-os'-er-a) 
Nemocladus (ne-mak'-la-dus) 
nematocyst (nem'-at-o-sist) 
Nematodirus (nem-at-o-di'-rus) 
Nematomorpha (nem-at-o-morf'-a) 
Nematus* (ne'-mat-us) 
Nemertez (ne-mer'-tez) 
Nemesia (nem-e'-shi-a, ne-me'-si-a) 
Nemia* (ne'-mi-a) 
Nemocera (ne-mos'-er-a) 

Nemognatha (ne-mog/-nath-a, nem-og'-nath-a) 
Nemopanthes* (ne-mop-an'-thez) 
Nemophila* (ne-mof'-il-a, nem-of'-il-a) 
Nemopoda (ne-mop'-od-a) 

Nemopteridae (ne-mop-ter'-i-de, nem-op-ter'-i-de) 
nemoralis (nem-or-al'-is) belonging to woods. 
Nemorhaedus (nem-o-re'-dus) 
nemorosus (nem-or-o'-sus) full of foliage, bushy; 
also, woody, shady. 



NEMORUS 



199 



Nemophila <Gr. nemos, a glade and 
philos, fond of. Pronounced: nem-of'-il-a. 




nemorus (nem'-or-us) of woods, of groves. 

Nemoseris* (nem-os'-er-is) 

Nemospiza (nem-o-spi'-za) 

Nemouridae (nem-ur'-i-de) 

Neofelis (ne-of'-el-is) 

Neofiber (ne-of'-i-ber, ne-o-fl'-ber) 

Neogaea (ne-o-je'-a) 

Neognathae (ne-og'-na-the) 

Neomenia (ne-o-men'-i-a) 

Neopasites (ne-o-pas-I'-tez) 

Neophron (ne'-o-fron) 

Neopieris* (ne-o-pl'-er-is) 

Neosorex (ne-o-so'-reks) 

Neotinea* (ne-ot-in'-e-a) 

Neotoma (ne-ot'-o-ma) 

Neotremata (ne-o-trem'-a-ta) 

Nepa (ne'-pa) 

Nepenthes* (ne-pen'-thez) 

Nepeta* (nep'-et-a, nep'-e-ta) 



200 



NEPHECOETES 




Neotoma <Gr. neo-, ne\v-\-lomo, to cut. Pronounced: ne-ot'-6-ma, not 
ne-6-to'ma. The last o is not considered long, therefore it does not receive 
the accent. 



Nephecoetes (nef-e-se'-tez' 

Nephila (nef'-il-a) 

nephridium (nef-rid'-i-um) 

Nephrodium* (nef-rd'-di-um) 

Nephrolepis* (nef-rol'-ep-is) 

Nephropetalum* (nef-ro-pet'-al-um) 

nephrostoma (nef-ro'-sto-ma) 

nephrostome (nef'-ro-stom) 

nepionic (ne-pi-on'-ik) 

Nepticula (nep-tik'-u-la) 

Nepticulidae (nep-tik-ul'-i-de) 

Nereis (ne'-re-is) 

Nereocystis (ne-re-o-sis'-tis) 

Nerissa* (ner-is'-a) 

Nerita (ne-ri'-ta) 

neritic (ne-rit'-ik) 

neritinus (ne-rit'-in-us) like Nerita, a sea mussel. 

Nerium* (ne'-ri-um) 



NERTERA 201 

Nertera* (ner'-ter-a) 

nesioticus (ne-si-ot'-i-kus) belonging to an island. 

Neslia* (nes'-li-a) 

Nesogaea (ne-so-je'-a) 

Nesomys (neV-o-mis) 

Nesophontes (ne-so-fon'-tez) 

Nesotragus (ne-sot'-ra-gus) 

Nettion (net'-i-on) 

Neuroctena (nur-ok'-ten-a) 

neuroglia (nur-og-li'-a, nur-o-gle'-a) 

neuron (nu'-ron, nu'-ron) 

Neuroptera (nii-rop'-ter-a) 

Neurotrichus (nu-rot'-rik'-us) 

Neviusia* (nev-i-u'-shi-a) 

Neyraudia (na-ro'-di-a) 

Nezara (nez'-a-ra) 

Nicandra* (nik-an'-dra) 

Nicolletia* (nik-o-le'-ti-a) 

Nicrophorus (nik-rof-or-us) 

nidus (nl'-dus) a nest. 

Nierembergia* (ner-em-ber'-gi-a) 

Nigella* (nii-el'-a) 

niger (nij'-er) black, dark, dusky. 

nigrescens (nig-res'-senz) becoming black. 

nigricans (nig'-ri-kanz) blackish. 

nigritellus (nig-ri-tel'-us) dark, nearly black. 

nigritus (nig-rl'-tus) black. 

niloticus (nl-lo'-ti-kus) of the River Nile. 

nimbosus (nimb-os'-us) cloudy, full of rain. 

Nirmus (nir'-mus) 

Nisaetus (nis-a-e'-tus) 

Nisonniades (nis-on-l'-a-dez) 



202 NITENS 

nitens (nit'-enz) shining; also, pressing against or 

upon. 
Nitidulidae (nit-i-du'-li-de) 

nitidus (nit'-i-dus) shining, bright, handsome, rich. 
Nitrophila* (ni-trof'-il-a) 

nivalis (niv-a'-lis) snowy, belonging to snow. 
niveus (niv'-e-us) of or from snow, snowy. 
nobilis (no'-bi-lis) well known, celebrated, noble, 
noctifiorus (nok-ti-flo'-rus) flowering at night. 
Noctilio (nok-til'-i-o) 
Noctiluca (nok-ti-lu'-ka) 

noctivagans (nok-ti'-va-ganz) night-wandering. 
noctivagant (nok-tiv'-ag-ant) 
Noctuidae (nok-tu'-i-de) 
nocturnal (nok-tur'-nal) 

nodifiorus (no-di-flo'-rus) flowering at a node. 
Nodosaurus (no-do-so'-rus) 
nodose (nod'-os, no-dos') 
nodosus (no-do'-sus) full of knots. 
Nolina* (no-ll'-na, no'-lin-a) 
Nomada (nom'-a-da) 

nomenclature (no-men-kla/-tur, no-men'-kla-tur) 
Nomonyx (no'-mon-iks) 
Nonea (non'-e-a) 

Nopalea* (no-pal'-e-a, no-pa-le'-a) 
Nopalxochia* (n5-pal-kso'-ki-a) 
nosogenic (nos-o-jen'-ik) 
Nostoc (nos'-tok) 

notaeum (no-te'-um) pertaining to the back. 
Notelaea (not-e-le'-a) 
Notemigonus (no-te-mig-o'-nus) 
Nothofagus (noth-of-ag'-us) 



NOTHOLAENA 203 

Notholaena* (norh-ol-e'-na) 

Notholcus* (noth-ol'-kus) 

Nothosaurus (noth-o-so'-rus) 

Nothrotherium (noth-ro-the'-ri-um) 

Notiosorex (no-shi-o-so'-reks, nd-ti-o-so'-reks) 

Notiothaumidae (no-shi-o-tho'-mi-de, no-ti-6-tho'- 
mi-de) 

Notodontidae (no-to-don'-ti-de) 

Notogaea (no-to-je'-a) 

Notommatidae (no-tom-at'-i-de) 

Notonectidae (no-to-nek'-ti-de) 

Notophthalmus (no-top-thal'-mus) 

Notoxus (no-toks'-us) 

Notropis (no'-tro-pis) 

Notungulata (no-tung-u-la'-ta) 

novenarius (nov-en-ar'-i-us) consisting of or per- 
taining to the number nine. 

nubeculatus (nu-be-kul-a'-tus) cloudy, with dark 
spots. 

nubigenus (nu-bi'-jen-us) creating clouds. 

nubilus (nu'-bil-us) cloudy, dark, gloomy. 

nucellus (nu-sel'-us) 

nucha (nu'-ka) 

nuchal (nu'-kal) 

Nucifraga (nu-sif -ra-ga) 

nucleolar (nu-kle'-o-ler) 

nucleolus (nu-kle'-61-us) 

Nucula (nu'-ku-la) 

nudiflorus (nQ-di-flo'-rus) with hairless (naked) 
flowers. 

nulliplex (nul'-i-pleks) 

Numenius (nu-men'-i-us) 



204 



NUMMULITES 




Nucifraga, generic name of Clark's Nutcracker <L. nux, genit. nucis, a 
nut <frangere, to break. Pronounced: nu-sif'-ra-ga, not nu-si-fra'-ga. 



Nummulites (num-Q-llt'-ez) 
Nuphar* (nu'-far) 
nuptialis (nup-ti-a'-lis) 
nutans (nfi'-tanz) nodding. 
Nuttalia* (nut-al'-i-a) 
Nyctaginia* (nik-ta-jin'-i-a) 
Nyctale (nik'-ta-le) 
Nyctanassa (nik-tan-as'-a) 
nyctanthous (nik-tan'-thus) 



Nummulites <L. nummus, a coin +-lites 
<Gr. lithos, a stone. Pronounced: num-u- 
li'-tez, not nu'-mu-lltz. 




NYCTEA 205 

Nyctea (nik'-te-a) 

Nyctereutes (nik-te-ru'-tez) 

Nycteribia (nik-ter-ib'-i-a) 

Nycteris (nik'-ter-is) 

Nycticebus (nik-ti-se'-bus) 

Nycticeius (nik-ti-se'-i-us) 

nyctitropism (nik-tit'-rop-izm), nik-ti-tro'-pizm) 

Nyctobates (nik-tob'-at-ez) 

Nyctocalos* (nik-tok'-al-os) 

Nymphaea* (nim-fe'-a) 

nymphaeoides (nim-fe-o-l'-dez) like the water-lily. 

Nymphalidae (nim-far-i-de) 

Nyroca (nir-o'-ka) 

Nysius (nis'-i-us) 

Nyssa* (nis'-a) 

o 

Obeliscaria* (ob-el-is-ka'-ri-a) 

obeliscus (ob-el-is'-kus) an obelisk. 

obese (o-bes') 

obesity (o-bes'-i-ti, 6-bes'-i-ti) 

obesus (o-bes'-us) fat, fattened. 

oblique (ob-lek', ob-llk') 

oblongifolius (ob-lon-ji-fol'-i-us, ob-long-ji-fo'-li- 

us), oblong leaf, long leaf. 
oblongus (ob-long'-gus) oblong, rather long. 
Obolaria* (ob-o-la'-ri-a) 
occidentalis (ok-si-den-ta/-lis) 
Oceanodroma (o-she-an-od'-ro-ma) 
ocellated (os-e-lat'-ed) 
ocellus (o-sel'-us) 
Ochna* (ok'-na) 



206 



OCHOTONA 




Ochotona <the Tartar name for the pika or little chief-hare, a mammal of 
rocky areas of high mountains. Pronounced: ok-6-to'-na. 



Ochotona (ok-6-to'-na) 

ochraceum (ok-ra'-se-um) reddish yellow. 

Ochranthe* (o-kran'-the) 

ochroleucus (o-kro-lu'-kus) pale yellow ochre. 

Ochroma (o-kro'-ma, ok-ro'-ma) 

ochropus (o-kro'-pus) yellow + foot. 

Ochrosia* (o-kro'-si-a) 

Ochthrodromus (ok-throd'-ro-mus) 

Ocimum* (o'-si-mum, os'-i-mum) 

ocrea (o'-kre-a) a legging. 

Octadesmia* (ok-tad-es'-mi-a) 

octomeral (ok-tom'-e-ral) 

octopus (ok'-to-pus, pi. ok'-to-pl, also ok-to'-po- 

dez) 
Octopus (ok-to'-pus) 
oculeus (ok-ur-e-us) full of eyes. 
Oculussolis* (ok-ul-us-so'-lis) 
Ocyphaps (o'-si-faps) 
Ocyptera (os-ip'-ter-a) 
Ocyrhoe (o-sir'-o-e) 



ODAKS 207 




Octopus <L. octopus <Gr. oktopous, eight-footed. Pronounced: ok-to'-pus. 
The common name "octopus" is accented on the first syllable: ok'-to-pus. 



odaks (o'-daks) 
Odinia (o-din'-i-a) 
Odobenus (o-do-be'-nus) 
Odocoileus (od-o-koy'-le-us) 
Odonata (od-o-na'-ta) 
Odontarrhena* (od-on-tar'-ren-a) 
Odontoceridae (od-on-to-ser'-i-de) 
Odontophyes (od-on-to-fl'-ez) 
Odontostomum (6-don-tos'-to-mum) 

Odontosyllis (od-on-to-sir-is) 

odoratus (od-o-ra/-tus) smelling, odorous. 

Oecobius (e-kob'-i-us) 

Oedemeridae (e-de-mer'-i-de) 

Oedicnemus (e-dik-ne'-mus) 

Oedogonium (ed-e-go'-ni-um) 

Oenanthe (e-nan'-the) 

oenocyte (e'-no-slt) 

Oenothera* (e-no-the'-ra) 

Oestrelata (es-trel'-a-ta) 

Oestridae (es'-tri-de) 

oestrus (e'-strus) 



208 OFFICINALIS 

officinalis (of-i-si-na'-lis) of practical use to man, 
of the apothocary's shop. 

Ogcocephalus (og-ko-sef'-al-us) 

Oidemia (oy-de'-mi-a) 

oike (oyk'-e) 

okape (6-ka/-pe) 

Okapi (o-ka'-pi) 

Okapia (6-ka/-pi-a) 

Olax* (ol'-aks) 

Olea* (o'-le-a) 

Oleaceae (o-le-a'-se-e) 

Oleacinidae (o-le-a-sin'-id-e) 

Oleandra (o-le-an'-dra) 

Olearia* (ol-e-a'-ri-a) 

olecranon (o-le'-kra-non) 

oleic (o-le'-ik, o'-le-ik) 

Oleineae (o-le-in'-e-e) 

Olene (o-le'-ne) 

olens (ol'-enz) odorous, sweet smelling. 

Olenus (o'-len-us) 

oleraceus (ol-er-a'-se-us) resembling herbs, vege- 
table. 

Olethreutes (o-le-thru'-tez) 

Olethreutidae (o-le-thru'-ti-de) 

Olfersia (ol-fer'-si-a) 

olidus (ol'-i-dus) odorous, of evil smell. 

Oligantha* (ol-ig-an'-tha) 

Oligocene (ol'-i-go-sen) 

Oligochaeta (ol-ig-o-ke'-ta) 

Oligomeris* (ol-ig-om'-er-is) 

Oligoneuriellidae (ol-ig-6-nur-i-el'-i-de) 

Oligosma* (ol-ig-oz'-ma) 



OLIGOTERMIDAE 209 

Oligotermidae (ol-ig-6-term'-i-de) 

olor (ol'-6r) an odor. 

Olusatrum* (ol-us-a/-trum) 

Olyra* (ol-l'-ra) 

Omalanthus* (om-al-anth'-us) 

Omaloptera (om-al-op'-ter-a) 

Omanus (6-ma'-nus) 

ombrophobous (om-brof-6-bus) 

Ommastrephes (om-as'-tre-fez) 

Omosita (6m-os-It/-a) 

Omphalodes* (om-fal-o'-dez) 

Omus (o'-mus) 

onager (on'-a-jer) 

Onagra* (6-na/-gra) 

onca (on'-ka) 

Onchidoris (ong-kid'-6-ris) 

Oncidium* (on-sid'-i-um) 

Oncifelis (on-sif -el-is) 

Oncocyclus (ong-kos-i'-klus) 

Oncomelania (ong-ko-mel-an'-i-a) 

Oncometopia (ong-ko-met-op'-i-a) 

Oncosperma (ong-kos-per'-ma) 

oncospheres (ong'-kos-ferz) 

Oncotylus (ong-kot'-i-lus) 

Ondatra (on-dat'-ra) 

Oniscus (o-nis'-kus) 

Onobrychis* (on-ob-rl'-kis, on-ob'-rik-is) 

Onoclea (on-ok'-le-a) 

Ononis* (on-o'-nis) 

Onopordon* (on-op-or'-don) 

Onoseris* (on-os'-er-is) 

Onosmodium* (on-os-mo'-di-um) 



210 



ONTHOPHAGUS 



Onthophagus (on-thof'-ag-us) 
Onychium* (on-ik'-i-um) 
Onychogalea (on-ik-6g-al'-e-a) 
Onychomys (on-ik'-o-mis) 













'■Vjt!d'!.Y'K <4i /i S//J','.',:j/U. l /j 




&•"■ 



Onychomys <Gr. onyx, a nail or claw + my s, mouse. Generic name of the 
grasshopper mice. Accent falls on the antepenult. Pronounced: on-ik'o-mis, 
not on-i-ko'-miz as we sometimes hear. 



oocyst (o'-o-sist) 

ooecium (o-e'-shi-um, o-e'-si-um) 

oology (o-o'-lo-ji) 

ootheca (o-oth-e'-ka) 

operarius (op-er-a'-ri-us) a workman. 

opercular (6-per'-ku-lar) 

Ophelus (of -el-us) 

Opheodrys (of-e-od'-ris) 

Ophibolus (of-ib'-6-lus) 

Ophidia (of-id'-i-a) 

Ophiglossum* (of-i-6g-los'-um, of-i-o-glo'-sum) 

Ophiobolus* (of-i-ob'-o-lus) 

Ophiophagus (of-i-of -a-gus) 

Ophioplocus (of-i-op-lo'-kus) 

Ophiopogon (of-i-6-po'-gon) 

Ophioxylon (of-i-ox-Il'-on) 



OPHISAURUS 211 

Ophisaurus (of-i-so'-rus) 

Ophrys* (of'-ris) 

Opiliones (op-il-i-o'-nez) 

Opisthobranchia (op-is-tho-brang'-ki-a) 

Opisthocomus (op-is-thok'-o-mus) 

opisthotic (op-is-tho'-tik) 

Oplismenus* (op-lis'-men-us) 

Opomiza (op-o-mi'-za) 

Opopanax* (op-op'-an-aks, 6-pop'-a-naks) 

Oporanthus* (op-or-an'-thus) 

Oporornis (op-or-or'-nis) 

Opostega (op-os'-te-ga) 

Opsebius (op-se'-bi-us) 

opthalmic (op-thar-mik) 

Opuntia (o-pun'-shi-a, o-pun'-ti-a, op-un'-ti-a) 

orarius (o-ra/-ri-us) of or belonging to the coast. 

Orasema (or-as-em'-a) 

orbicularis (6r-bik-u-la/-ris) circular, in the shape 

of an orb. 
Orca (6r'-ka) 
Orchestes* (ork-es'-tez) 
Orchis* (or'-kis) 
Orcinus (or-sl'-nus) 
Ordovician (6r-do-vish'-i-an) 
ordure (or'-dur) 
Oreamnos (6-re-am'-nos) 
Orelia* (6r-el'-i-a) 
Oreocharis* (or-e-ok'-ar-is) 
Oreodaphne* (or-e-od'-af-ne) 
Oreohelix (or-e-o'-hel-iks) 

Oreoscoptes (or-e-o-skop'-tez, 6r-e-6-skop'-tez) 
Oreotragus (o-re-ot'-ra-gus) 



212 ORETA 

Oreta (or-et'-a) 

orientalis (6-ri-en-ta/-lis) belonging to oriens, the 

East. 
Origanum* (6r-l'-gan-um, o-rig'-a-num) 
originalis (o-ri-ji-na/-lis) primitive, original. 
oriundus (6r-i-un'-dus) descended, sprung from. 
orius (or'-i-us) mountain-dwelling, mountain. 
Ormenis (or'-men-is) 
Ormyrus (6r-mi'-rus) 
ornatulus (6r-na/-tu-lus) fine, smart. 
Orneodes (6r-ne-6d'-ez) 
Ornithogalum* (or-ni-thog'-al-um) 
Ornitholestes (or-nith-o-les'-tez) 
ornithology (6r-ni-thor-6j-i) 
Ornithopus* (or-nith'-op-us, or-ni'-thop-us) 
Orobanche* (or-ob-ang'-ke) 
Orobella* (or-ob-el'-a) 
Orobus* (or'-ob-us) 
Orohippus (or-o-hip'-us) 
orolestes (or-o-les'-tez) a mountain-robber. 
Orontium* (or-on'-shi-um, o-ron'-ti-um) 
Oroxylum* (or-oks'-il-um) 
Ortalis (6r'-ta-lis) 
Orthezia (orth-ez'-i-a) 
Orthocarpus* (6r-tho-kar'-pus) 
Orthocladius (or-tho-klad'-i-us) 
Orthogeomys (6r-tho-je'-o-mis) 
Orthonyx (or'-tho-niks) 
Orthoptera (or-thop'-ter-a) 
Orthotomus (6r-thot'-6-mus) 
ortus (or'-tus) sprung from, descended. 
Ortygometra (or-ti-go-me'-tra) 



ORTYGOSPIZA 213 

Ortygospiza (or-ti-go-spl'-za) 

Orussidae (o-rus'-i-de) 

Orycteropus (6r-ik-ter'-o-pus) 

Oryctes (or-ik'-tez) 

Oryctolagus (or-ik-tol'-a-gus) 

Oryssus (o-ri'-sus) 

Oryx (o'-riks, or'-iks) 

Oryza (o'-rl'-za) 

Oryzomys (or-i'-zo-mis, or-i'-zo-mis) 

Oryzopsis* (or-i-zop'-sis, or-I-zop'-sis) 

Oscinis (os'-i-nis) 

osmeterium (os-me-te'-ri-um) 

Osmorrhiza* (os-mo-ri'-za) 

osmosis (os-mo'-sis, oz'-mo-sis) 

osmotic (os-mot'-ik) 

Osmunda* (os-mun'-da) 

Osmylidae (os-mi'-li-de) 

osphradium (os-fra'-di-um) 

Osphranter (os-fran'-ter) 

osphretic (os-fret'-ik) 

osphresis (os-fre'-sis) 

osprey (os'-pra, os'-pri) 

Osteolaemus (os-te-6-le'-mus) 

Osteospermun* (os-te-os-per'-mum) 

Ostinops (os'-ti-nops) 

Ostomatidae (os-to-mat'-i-de) 

Ostracoda (os-tra-ko'-da, os-trak'-6-da) 

Ostracoderm (os'-tra-ko-derm, os-trak'-o-derm) 

Ostrea (os'-tre-a) 

ostreatus (os-tre-a'-tus) rough, scabby. 

Ostruthium* (os-tru'-thi-um) 

Ostriya* (os'-tri-a) 



214 



OSYRIS 



Osyris* (os'-ir-is) 

Otaria (6-ta/-ri-a) 

Othnius (oth'-ni-us, oth-nl'-us) 

Othonna* (o-thon'-a) 

Otides (o'-ti-dez) 

otidium (o-tid'-i-um) 

Otis (o'-tis) 

Otocorys (o-tok'-o-ris) 




-NWD^ 



Otocorys <Gr. ous (ot), ear+korys, helmet. Also spelled Otocoris. The genus 
includes the horned larks. Pronounced: o-tok'-6-ris, not ot-o-kor'-is. 

Otocyon (o-tos'-i-on) 
Ototylomys (ot-o-ti'-lo-mis) 
Otus (o'-tus) 

ovatus (o-va'-tus) egg-shaped; also, having egg- 
shaped spots. 
ovinus (ov-i'-nus) belonging to sheep, 
oviparous (o-vi'-pa-rus) 
Ovis (o'-vis) 

Oviscapte (6-vis-kapt'-e) 
ovule (o'-vul) 
Oxalis* (ok'-sa-lis) 
Oxybaphus* (oks-ib'-a-fus) 



OXYBELIS 



215 



Oxalis. New Latin. <Gr. oxys, acid. 
Pronounced: oks'-al-is, not oks- 
al'-is. 




Oxybelis (oks-ib'-el-is) 

Oxycoccus* (oks-i-kok'-us) 

Oxydendrum* (oks-id-en'-drum) 

Oxyechus (oks-i-e'-kus) 

Oxyopes (oks-i-o'-pez) 

oxyphilous (oks-if'-i-lus) 

Oxypoda (oks-ip'-o-da) 

Oxyptilus (oks-ip'-til-us) 

Oxyria* (oks-ir'-i-a) 

Oxyropus* (oks-ir'-6-pus) 

Oxystylis* (oks-i-sti'-lis) 

Oxytelus (oks-it'-e-lus) 

Oxytenia* (oks-it-e'-ni-a) 

Oxytropis* (oks-it'-rop-is, oks-it'-ro-pis) 

Ozaena (6-zen'-a) 

Ozothamnus* (oz-oth-am'-nus) 



Pachidendron* (pak-id-en'-dron) 
Pachira* (pak-i'-ra) 



216 PACHISTIMA 

Pachistima* (pak-is'-ti-ma) 
Pachybrachys (pak-ib'-rak-is) 
Pachycereus* (pak-i-se'-re-us) 
Pachycormis* (pak-i-kor'-mis) 
Pachygrapsus (pak-i-grap'-sus) 
Pachylomerides (pak-i-lo-mer'-I-dez) 
Pachypoda (pak-ip'-6-da) 
Pachyrhizus* (pak-i-rl'-zus) 
Pachysandra* (pak-is-an'-dra) 
Pachystima* (pak-is'-ti-ma) 
Pachystoma* (pak-is'-tom-a) 
pademelon (pad'-e-mel-on) 
Paederia* (pe-de'-ri-a) 
Paederus (pe'-der-us) 
paedogenesis (pe-do-jen'-e-sis) 
Paeonia* (pe-o'-ni-a) 
Pagasa (pa'-ga-sa) 
Pagina* (pa'-jin-a) 
Pagiopoda (pa-ji-op'-o-da) 
Pagolla (pag-ol'-a) 
Pagomys (pag'-o-mis) 
Pagophila (pag-of'-i-la) 
Paguma (pa-gu'-ma) 
Pagurus (pa-gu'-rus) 
Piaropus* (pi-ar'-o-pus) 
paisano (pl-sa'-no) 
palaearctic (pa-le-ark'-tik) 
Palaemon (pa-le'-mon) 
Palaeochenoides (pa-le-o-ken-o-i'-dez) 
Palaeoscincus (pa-le-o-skink'-us) 
Palafoxia* (pa-laf-ok'-si-a) 
Palamedea (pal-a-me'-de-a) 



PALEA 217 

palea (pa'-le-a) 

paleaceus (pal-e-a/-se-us) like chaff, chaffy. 

Paleacrita (pal-e-ak'-ri-ta, pal-e-ak'-ri-ta) 

paleobotany (pa-le-o-bot'-a-ni, pal-e-o-bot'-a-ni) 

Paleolaria* (pa-le-ol-a'-ri-a, pal-e-ol-a'-ri-a) 

paleolithic (pa-le-o-lith'-ik, pal-e-o-lith'-ik) 

paleophytic (pa-le-o-fit'-ik, pal-e-o-fit'-ik) 

Paleozoic (pa-le-6-zo'-ik, pal-e-o-zo'-ik) 

palingenesis (pal-in-jen'-e-sis) 

Palingeniidae (pal-in-jen-l'-i-de) 

Palinurus (pal-i-nu'-rus) 

Paliurus* (pal-i-u'-rus) 

Pallavicinia* (pal-av-i-si'-ni-a) 

pallescens (pal-es'-senz) turning pale. 

palliatus (pal-i-a'-tus) 

pallidus (pal'-i-dus) pale. 

pallium (par-i-um) 

palmatisect (pal-mat'-i-sekt) 

palpebra (pal'-pe-bra) 

palpebral (par-pe-bral) 

Paltonium* (pal-ton'-i-um) 

Paludicolae (pal-u-dik'-o-le) 

Paludina (pal-u-di'-na) 

paludinal (pal-u'-di-nal) 

paludose (pal'-u-dos) 

paludosus (pal-u-do'-sus) marshy, boggy. 

Palumbina* (pal-um-bi'-na) 

palus (pa'-lus, pi. pa'-li) 

paluster (pal-us'-ter) swampy, marshy. 

palynology (pal-in-or-jo-i) 

Pamphila (pam'-n-la) 

Pamphiliidae (pam-fil-i'-i-de) 



218 



PANAGAEUS 



Panagaeus (pan-a-je'-us) 

pancreas (pan'-kre-as) 

Pandaca* (pan'-dak-a) 

Pandanus* (pan'-dan-us, pan-da'-nus) 

Pandion (pan-di'-on, pan'-di-on) 




Pandion <Gr. Pandion >L. 
Pandion, king of Athens, father 
of Procne, supposed to have 
been changed into a swallow. 
Pronounced: pan-di'-on, not 
pan'-di-on. 



Pandorea* (pan-do'-re-a) 

Pandorina (pan-do-rl'-na) 

pangamic (pan-gam'-ik) 

Pangaeus (pan-je'-us) 

pangens (pan'-jenz) 

paniceus (pa-ni'-se-us) made of bread. 

paniculatus (pan-i-ku-la'-tus) having pannicles or 

tufts of flowers. 
Panicum* (pan'-i-kum) 
pannosus (pan-os'-us) full of rags. 
Panorpidae (pan-6r'-pi-de) 
panthalassic (pan-thal-as'-ik) 
Pantoclis (pan'-tok-lis) 
Panulirus (pan-iil'-ir-us) 
Papaver* (pa-pa'-ver, pap-a'-ver) 
Papaya* (pa-pi'-a) 
Paphia (pa'-fi-a) 



PAPHIOPEDILUM 



219 



Paphiopedilum* (pa-fi-o-ped'-i-lum) 
Papirius (pap-Ir'-i-us) 
papillary (pap'-i-la'-ri, pa-pil'-a-ri) 
Papio (pa/-pi-6) 




^tem 







s? 



Papio <Fr. papion, the baboon. Pronounced: pa'-pi-o. 

Pappogeomys (pap-o-je'-o-mis) 

Pappophorum* (pap-of-or-um) 

pappus (pap'-us) 

papyraceus (pap-i-ra'-se-us) papery. 

parabiosis (par-a-bi-os'-is) 

Paracaryum* (par-ak-ar'-i-um) 

Paracrangon (par-a-kran'-gon) 

Paracyamus (par-a-si'-a-mus) 

Paradisia* (par-ad-i'-si-a) 

paradisiaca (par-ad-I-si'-ak-a) 

Paradoxurus (par-a-dok-sii'-rus) 

paradoxus (par-a-doks'-us) strange, contrary to 

expectation. 
Paragalia (par-ag-a/-li-a) 
Paragramma* (par-ag-ram'-a) 
Paragus (par'-a-gus) 



220 PARAHIPPUS 

Parahippus (par-a-hip'-us) 

Paralariscus (par-al-ar-isk'-us) 

Paralichthys (par-a-lik'-this) 

paralius (par-al'-i-us) that grows by the seaside. 

Parameles (par-am'-e-lez) 

Paramesius (par-am-e'-si-us) 

Parandra (par-an'-dra) 

Parapholas (par-af'-6-las) 

paraphysis (par-af'-i-sis) 

parapodium (par-a-po'-di-um) 

parapsidal (par-ap'-si-dal) 

parapsis (par-ap'-sis) 

Parascalops (par-as'-kal-ops) 

parasitism (par'-a-slt-izm) 

Parastacus (par-as'-ta-kus) 

Pardalianches* (par-dal-i-ang'-kez) 

paradalis (par'-da-lis) a female panther, also, a 

tiger. 
Pardanthus* (par-dan'-thus) 
Pardalotus (par-da-lot'-us) 
Pareiasauria (par-e-a-so'-ri-a) 
Paridra (par'-i-dra, par-i'-dra) 
paries (pa-ri'-ez, pi. pa-rl'-et-ez) 
Parietaria* (par-i-et-a'-ri-a, pa-rl-e-ta'-ri-a) 
parietes (pa-rl'-et-ez) 
paris (par'-is) equal. 
Parnassia* (par-nas'-i-a) 
Parnassiidae (par-nas-i'-i-de) 
Parnassius (par-nas'-i-us) 
Parnopes (par-no'-pez) 
Paronychia* (par-o-nik'-i-a) 
Parosela* (par-o-se'-la) 



PAROTID 221 

parotid (pa-ro'-tid, par-ot'-id) 

Parthenium* (par-the'-ni-um) 

parthenogenesis (par-then-o-jen'-e-sis) 

Parula (par'-u-la) 

Parus (pa'-rus) 

parvifolus (par-vi-fol'-i-us, par-vi-fo'-li-us) with 

small leaves, 
parvulus (par'-vu-lus) very small, slight. 
Pasimachus (pa-sim'-a-kus) 
Passerculus (pas-er'-ku-lus) 
Passeres (pas'-er-ez) 
Passerherbulus (pas-er-erb'-u-lus) 
Passerina (pas-er-i'-na) 
passerinus (pas-er-i'-nus) like a sparrow. 
Passifiora* (pas-i-flo'-ra) 
Pastinaca* (pas-tin-a'-ka) 
patagium (pat-a'-ji-um, pat-a'-ji-um) 
Patamon (pat'-a-mon) 
patens (pat'-enz) open, accessible. 
patent (pa-tent, pat'-ent) 
patina (pat'-in-a) 
Patriofelis (pa-tri-o-fel'-is) 
patruelis (pat-ru-el'-is) a cousin, 
patulus (pat'-u-lus) open, spread out, broad; also, 

common, 
pauciflorus (po-si-flo'-rus) with few flowers. 
paulus (po'-lus) small, 
paunch (panch, ponch) 
Paurotes (por-o'-tez) 
Paurotis (por-o'-tis) 
Pauxi (pok'-si) 
Pavo (pa'-vo) 



222 



PAVONARIA 




,J^w^. 



Pavo <L. pdvo, the peacock. Pronounced: pa'-vo, not pa'-vo. 



Pavonaria (pa-vo-na/-ri-a) 

Pavonia* (pa-vo'-ni-a) 

paxilla (pak-sil'-a) 

pebrine (pe-bren', pe'-brin) 

pecan (pe-kan', pe-kan') 

pectineal (pek-tin'-e-al) 

pectoralis (pek-to-ra/-lis) 

pedalis (ped-a'-lis) of or belonging to the foot, a 

foot in length; also, a slipper. 
Pedetes (pe-de'-tez) 
Pedetidae (pe-det'-i-de) 
pedicellaria (ped-i-sel-a'-ri-a) 
Pedicularis* (ped-ik-u-la'-ris) 
Pediculidae (ped-i-ku'-li-de) 
Pedilanthus* (ped-i-lan'-thus) 
Pedilonum* (ped-i-lo'-num) 
Pedilus (ped'-il-us) 
Pedioecetes (ped-i-o-se'-tez) 
Pedionomus (ped-i-on'-o-mus) 
Pedipes (ped'-i-pez) 
pedonic (ped-on'-ik) 
Peganum (pe'-gan-um, peg'-an-um) 



PELAGE 223 

pelage (pel'-aj) 

pelagicus (pel-a'-ji-kus) relating to the sea. 

Pelargonium* (pel-ar-go'-ni-um) 

Pelecanus (pel-e-ka'-nus) 

Pelecinus (pel-es-in'-us) 

Pelecypoda (pel-e-si'-po-da) 

pelegrina (pel-e-grl'-na) 

Pelidna (pel-id'-na) 

Pelidnota (pel-id-no'-ta) 

pelius (pel'-i-us) black, livid. 

Pellaea* (pel-e'-a) 

pellions (pel'-i-onz) 

pellucidus (pel-u'-si-dus) transparent. 

Pelobates (pe-lob'-a-tez) 

Pelocoris (pel-ok'-or-is) 

Pelopaeus (pel-o-pe'-us) 

peloria (pel-o'-ri-a) 

pelta (pel'-ta) a half-moon shaped shield. 

peltatus (pel-ta'-tus) having shields. 

pelvis (pel'-vis, pi. pel'-vez) 

Pempheris (pem-fe'-ris) 

Pemphredonidae (pem-fre-don'-i-de) 

pendulus (pen'-du-lus) hanging, pendent; also, 

doubtful. 
Peneides (pen-e-i'-dez) 
penelope (pe-ne-lo'-pe) 
penicillatus (pe-nis-il-a'-tus) 
penis (pe'-nis, pi. pe'-nez) 
Pennisetum* (pen-is-e'-tum) 
pennus (pen'-us) pointed, sharp; also, a wing. 
Pentachaeta* (pent-ak-e'-ta) 
Pentacrinus (pen-tak'-ri-nus, pen-tak-rl'-nus) 



224 PENTAPETES 

Pentapetes* (pent-ap'-et-ez) 

Pentaptera* (pent-ap'-te-ra) 

Pentarthron (pent-ar'-thron) 

Pentatoma (pent-at'-o-ma) 

Pentatomidae (pent-a-tom'-i-de) 

Penthestes (pen-thes'-tez) 

Penthina (pen-thl'-na) 

Penthorum* (pen'-tho-rum) 

Pentstemon* (pent-ste'-mon) 

Peperomia* (pep-er-o'-mi-a) 

peplis (pep'-lis) the name of some plant. 

peploides (pep-lo-i'-dez) like Peplis. 

pepo (pe'-po, pep'o) 

Peraclius (per-ak-li'-us) 

Perdicium* (per-dl'-si-um, per-di'-shi-um) 

perditus (per'-di-tus) ruined, made away with. 

Perdix (per'-diks) 

peregrine (per'-e-grin) 

peregrinus (per-e-grin'-us) strange, foreign. 

perennis (per-en'-is) continuing through the year, 

unfailing. 
Pereskia* (per-esk'-i-a) 
Perezia* (pe-re'-zi-a) 
perfoliatus (per-fol-i-at'-us) having the stems 

appearing to pass through a leaf, 
perforatus (per-for-a'-tus) piercing through. 
Pericallis* (per-ik-al'-is) 
Perichaena* (per-i-ke'-na) 
periclinal (per-i-kll'-nal) 
Pericome* (per-ik'-o-me) 
pericranial (per-i-kra/-ni-al) 
Peridinium (per-i-din'-i-um) 



PERIDROMA 



225 



Peridroma (per-id'-rom-a) 
Perigonimus (per-i-gon'-i-mus) 
perigonium (per-i-gon'-i-um) 
perigynous (per-ij'-in-us) 
Perilampidae (per-i-lamp'-i-de) 
Perilla* (pe-ril'-a) 
Perillus (pe-ril'-us) 
Periophthalmus (per-i-of-thal'-mus) 




is-^SiS^^" 



_MVD 

Peripatus. Pronounced: per-ip'-a-tus, not per-i-pa'-tus. 

Peripatus (per-ip'-a-tus) 
periphery (per-if'-er-i) 
periphloic (per-i-flo'-ik) 
periphysis (per-if'-is-is) 
Periplaneta (per-i-plan-e'-ta) 
Periploca* (per-ip'-lok-a) 
Perisoreus (per-i-so'-re-us) 
peristalsis (per-i-star-sis) 
Peristeria* (per-is-te'-ri-a) 
Peritoma (per-it'-6-ma) 
peritoneum (per-i-to-ne'-um) 
peritrichous (per-it'-ri-kus) 
Perityle* (per-i'-ti-le) 



226 



PERLIDAE 



Perlidae (per'-li-de) 
Pernettya* (per-ne'-ti-a) 
Perognathus (pe-rog'-na-thus) 
Permian (per-mi'-an) 
Peromya (per-6-ml'-a) 
Peromyscus (per-6-mis'-kus) 




«*n*t 



Perognathus. The Spiny Pocket Mouse <Gr. pera, pouch+ gnathos, jaw 
Pronounced: pe-rog'-na-thus, not per-o-gna-thus. 



Peronospora* (per-6-nos'-po-ra) 

peropodous (pe-rop'-o-dus) 

perpinguis (per-pin'-gu-is) very rich. 

Perrisonetta (per-is-o-net'-a) 

Persea* (per-se'-a) 

persicifolius (per-si-ki-fol'-i-us, per-si-ki-fo'-li-us) 
with leaves like the peach. 

personus (per'-son-us) ringing, resounding. 

pertinax (per'-ti-naks) tenacious, obstinate, per- 
sistent. 

pertusus (per-tii'-sus) perforated. 

perulate (per'-u-lat) 

pes (pez, pi. pe'-dez) 

pessulus (pes'-u-lus) 

Petalostemon* (pet-al-os-te'-mon) 



PETASITES 



227 



Petasites* (pet-a-si'-tez) 

Petaurista (pet-6-ris'-ta) 

petax (pet'-aks) greedy. 

petilus (pet-i'-lus) thin, slender. 

petiole (pet'-i-ol) 

petraeus (pet-re'-us) growing among rocks. 

Petrea* (pet-re'-a) 

petrel (pet'-rel) little Peter. 

Petricola (pe-trik'-o-la) 

Petrochelidon (pet-ro-kel'-i-don) 

Petrogale (pet-rog'-a-le) 

Petrophila* (pet-rof'-il-a) 

Petroselinum* (pet-ros-el-l'-num) 

petrous (pet'-rus) 

petunia (pet-Q'-ni-a) 

Peucaea (pu-se'-a) 

Peucedanum* (pti-sed'-a-num) 

Peucedramus (pu-sed'-ram-us) 

Peucephyllum* (pu-se-fil'-um) 

peyote (pa-yo'-te, pa-yo'-ta) 



Peucephyllum <Gr. peuke, the pine or fir 
-\-phyllon, leaf. Pronounced: pu-se-fil'-um. 




228 PEZIZA 

Peziza* (pe-zl'-za, pez-iz'-a) 

Pezophaps (pez'-o-faps) 

Phacelia* (fa-se'-li-a) 

Phacochoerus (fak-o-ke'-rus) 

phacoid (fak'-oid, fak'-oid) 

Phaedon* (fe'-don) 

Phaedranassa* (fed-ran-as'-a) 

Phaedranthus* (fed-ran'-thus) 

phaeism (fe'-izm) 

phaeocryptus (fe-6-krip'-tus) dusky + hidden. 

Phaeophycophyta (fe-6-fl-kof-it-a) 

Phaeopus (fe'-o-pus) 

Phaethon (fa/-e-thon) 

phage (faj) 

phagocyte (fag'-o-slt) 

phagolysis (fag-ol'-is-is) 

Phainopepla (fa-i-no-pep'-la) 

Phajus* (fa'-jus) 

Phalacrocorax (fal-a-kro'-ko-raks) 

Phalaenopsis* (fal-e-nop'-sis) 

Phalaenoptilus (fal-e-nop'-til-us) 




Phainopepla <Gr. 

phaeinos shin\r\g+ pep - 
los, a robe. Pronounced: 
ffi-i-no-pep'-la, fa-i-no- 
pep'-la. 



PHALANGER 229 

phalanger (fa-lan'-jer) 
phalanx (fal'-angks, pi. fal-an'-jez) 
Phalaris* (fal-ar'-is) 
phalarope (fal'-a-rop) 
Phalaropus (fal-ar'-o-pus) 
phallus (fal'-us) 
Phalonia (fal-on'-i-a) 
Phanaeus (fan-e'-us) 
Phaneroglossus (fan-er-6-glos'-us) 
phaosome (fa/-6-som) 
Pharbitis* (far-bi'-tis) 
Pharomacrus (far-o-mak'-rus) 
Pharus (fa'-rus) 
Phascogale (fas-kog'-al-e) 
Phascolarctos (fas-ko-lark'-tos) 
Phascolomus (fas-kol'-o-mus) 
Phascolomys (fas-kor-6-mis) 
Phaseolus* (fa-se'-o-lus, fas-e'-o-lus) 
Phasianus (fa-si-a'-nus) 
Phasmida (faz'-mi-da) 
Phasmidae (faz'-mi-de) 
Phataginus (fat-a'-ji-nus) 
Phebalium* (feb-al'-i-um) 
Phegopteris* (fe-gop'-ter-is) 
Pheidole (fi-do'-le) 
phellema (fel-e'-ma) 
Phenacodus (fen-ak'-odus) 
Phenacomys (fen-ak'-o-mis) 
phengophobe (feng'-o-fob) 
phenogamous (fen-og'-am-us) 
phenol (fe'-nol, fen'-ol) 
phenotype (fen'-o-tip, fen'-o-tlp) 



230 PHIALIDE 

phialide (fl'-al-id) 
Phidippus (fi-di'-pus) 
Philacte (fil-ak'-te) 
Philander (fil-an'-der) 
Philetaerus (fil-e-te'-rus) 
Philohela (fil-o'-he-la) 
Philomachus (fil-om'-a-kus) 
Philonthus (fil-on'-thus) 
Philopteridae (fil-op-ter'-i-de) 
Phlebodium* (fleb-o'-di-um) 
Phlebotomus (fleb-ot'-o-mus) 
Phlegethontius (fleg-eth-on'-ti-us) 
Phleum* (fle'-um) 
phloem (flo'-em) 
phloeoterma (fle-ot-er'-ma) 
Phloeophora (fle-of'-or-a) 
Phloeothripidae (fle-o-thrip'-i-de) 
Phloeotomus (fle-ot'-o-mus) 
Phlogacanthus* (flog-ak-an'-thus) 
Phlomis* (flo'-mis, flom'-is) 
Phoca (fo'-ka) 
Phocaena (fo-se'-na) 
Phoenicopterus (fe-ni-kop'-ter-us) 
Pholadidea (fo-lad'-i-de) 
Pholidauges (fol-id'-oj-ez) 
Pholcus (fol'-kus) 
Pholidota (fol-i-do'-ta) 
Pholisma* (fol-iz'-ma) 
Pholistoma* (fol-is-to'-ma) 
Pholiurus* (fol-i-Qr'-us) 
Phora (fo'-ra) 
Phoradendron* (fo-ra-den'-dron) 



PHORANTHA 231 

Phorantha (fo-ran'-tha) 

Phoridae (for'-i-de) 

Phormium* (for'-mi-um) 

Phorodon (for-od'-on) 

Photinus (fo-tm'-us) 

phototropism (fo-tot'-ro-pizm) 

phoxocephalus (foks-o-se'-fal-us) tapering head. 

Phragmatobia* (frag-mat-ob'-i-a) 

Phragmites* (frag-mi'-tez) 

phragmocyttarous (frag-mo-sit'-ar-us) 

phratry (fra'-tri) 

phreneticus (fren-e'-ti-kus) mad, delirious. 

Phrixocephalus (frik-so-sef-al-us) 

Phryganeidae (frig-a-ne'-i-de) 

Phryma (fri'-ma) 

Phrynichus (frin'-i-kus) 

Phrynium* (fri'-ni-um) 

Phrynosoma (frl-no-so'-ma) 

Phthiridae (thir'-i-de) 

Phthirius (thir'-i-us) 

Phyciodes (fis-i'-o-dez) 

Phycis (fl'-sis) 

Phycita (fi'-sit-a) 

Phycomycetes (fl-koml-se'-tez) 

Phylachora (fi-lak'-o-ra) 

phylicifolus (fi-li-si-fol'-i-us, fi-li-si-fo'-li-us) with 

leaves like Phylica. 
Phyllanthus* (fil-an'-thus) 
phyllary (fil'-a-ri) 
Phyllidae (fil'-i-de) 
phylloclade (fil'-o-klad) 
Phyllocnistis (fil-ok-nis'-tis) 



232 PHYLLODACTYLUS 

Phyllodactylus (fil-lo-dak'-ti-lus) 
phyllode (fil'-od) 
Phyllodoce* (fil-od'-6-se) 
Phyllodromiidae (nl-o-drom-l'-i-de) 
Phyllomedusa (fil-o-me-du'-sa) 
Phyllopoda (fil-op'-o-da) 
Phyllorynchus (fil-6-ring'-kus) 
Phylloscopus (fil-os'-ko-pus) 
Phyllostachys* (fil-os'-ta-kis) 
Phyllotreta (fil-o-tre'-ta) 
Phylloxera (fil-ok-se'-ra) 
Phylloxeridae (fil-ok-ser'-i-de) 
phylogeny (fl-loj'-e-ni) 
Phymata (fl'-mat-a) 
Phymatidae (fl-mat'-i-de) 
Phyostegia* (fl-o-stej'-i-a) 
Physalia (fi-sa'-li-a) 
Physalis* (fi'-sal-is) 
physalus (fJ'-sa-lus) the rorqual whale. 
Physcia* (fis'-i-a) 




Physalis. New L. <Gr. Physa, a bladder, a bel- 
lows. Pronounced: fi'-sal-is, not fis'-al-is. 



PHYSETER 233 

Physeter (fi-se'-ter) 

Physianthus* (fl-si-an'-thus) 

Physocarpus* (fi-so-kar'-pus) 

Physosiphon* (fl-sos'-if-on) 

Physospermum* (fl-sos-perm'-um) 

Physostegia* (fl-sos-te-ji'-a, fi-so-ste'-ji-a) 

Phytelephas* (fl-tel'-e-fas) 

Phyteuma* (fit-u'-ma) 

phytome (fi'-tom) 

Phytophaga (fi-tof'-a-ga) 

Pica (pl'-ka) 

Picea* (pls'-e-a) 

pichiciago (pich-i-si-a'-go) 

Pici (pi'-sl) 

Picicorvus (pis-i-kor'-vus, pi-si-kor'-vus) 

Picinae (pis-l'-ne) 

Picoides (pik-o-i'-dez) 

Picramnia* (pik-ram'-ni-a) 

Picris* (pik'-ris) 

pictus (pik'-tus) painted, stained. 

Picumnus (pi-kum'-nus) 

Picus (pl'-kus) 

Pieris (pl'-er-is) 

Piesma (pi-es'-ma) 

pigal (pl'-gal) 

pigidium (pi-jid'-i-um) 

pika (pl'-ka) 

Pilea* (pi'-le-a) 

pileate (pl'-le-at, pil'-e-at) 

pileatus (pi-le-a'-tus) capped. 

pileolus (pil-e'-61-us) 

pilidium (pl-lid'-i-um) 



234 PILIFER 

pilifer (pil'-if-er) 

pilomotor (pil-o-mot'-or) 

pilose (pil'-os) 

pilosus (pil-o'-sus) shaggy, hairy. 

Pilularia* (pil-ul-a/-ri-a) 

pilulifera (pil-ul-if'-er-a) bearing small pill-like 

glands. 
Pimelea* (pi-mel'-e-a) 
Pimephales (pim-ef-a'-lez) 
Pimpinella* (pim-pin-el'-a) 

pimpinelloides (pim-pin-el-o-l'-dez) pimpernel-like. 
Pinanga* (pin-ang'-a) 
pineal (pl'-ne-al, pin'-e-al) 
pinetum (pin-e'-tum) 
Pinguicula (pin-gwik'-u-la) 
Pinnipedes (pin-ip'-e-dez) 
Pinnipedia (pin-i-pe'-di-a) 
Pinnotheres (pin-o-the'-rez) 
pinocytosis (pin-os-it-os'-is) 
Pinus* (pi'-nus) 
Piophilidae (pI-6-nT-i-de) 
Pipa (pi'-pa) 
Piper* (pl'-per, pip'-er) 

piperatus (pi-per-a'-tus) with peppery taste, 
pipiens (pl'-pi-enz) chirping. 
Pipile (pip-l'-le) 
Pipilo (pip'-i-lo) 
Pipistrellus (pip-is-trel'-us) 
Pipridae (pip'-ri-de) 
Piptochaetium* (pip-to-ke'-shi-um, pip-to-ke'-ti- 

um) 
Pipunculidae (pi-pung-ku'-li-de) 



PIRANGA 235 

Piranga (pi-rang'-a) 

pisces (pl'-sez) 

piscine (pis'-in, pis'-in) 

Pisidae (pis'-i-de) 

Pisidium (pis-id'-i-um) 

pisiform (pis'-i-form) 

pisiformis (pis-i-form'-is) pea-form. 

Pisobia (pis-o'-bi-a) 

Pissodes (pis-o'-dez) 

Pistacia* (pis-ta'-shi-a) 

pitahaya (pe-ta-ha/-ya) 

Pithecanthropus (pith-e-kan-thro'-pus) 

Pithecolobium* (pith-e-kol-ob'-bi-um) 

Pithium* (pith'-i-um) 

Pittosporum* (pit-os'-po-rum) 

Pituophis (pit-u-o'-fis) 

Pitymys (pit'-i-mis) 

Pityophis (pit-f-o-fis) 

Pityrogramma (pit-I-ro-gram'-a) 

Pizonyz (plz'-on-iks) 

Placea* (plas'-e-a) 

Plagiobothrys*(pla-j i-6-bo '-thriz, plaj -i-6-bo '-thris) 

Plagiodon (pla-ji'-o-don, plaj'-i-o-don) 

plancus (plan'-kus) a kind of eagle. 

Plantago* (plan-ta'-go) 

planula (plan'-u-la) 

Plasmodium (plaz-mo'-di-um) 

Platalea (plat-a'-le-a) 

Plataleidae (plat-a-le'-i-de) 

Platanus* (plat'-a-nus) 

Platax (pla'-taks) 

Platycerus (plat-is'-er-us) 



236 



PLATYCLINIS 




Plantago <L. plantago, the plantain. Pro- 
nounced: plan-ta'-go, not plan-ta'-go, unless you 
pronounce it according to the Roman method. 



Platyclinis* (plat-ik-li'-nis) 
Platycodon* (plat-i-ko'-don) 
Platyctenea (plat-i-te'-ne-a) 
Platydema (plat-id'-em-a) 
Platygeomys (plat-i-ge'-6-mis) 
Platyhelminthes (plat-i-hel-min'-thez) 
Platypeza (plat-ip-ez'-a) 
Platypezidae (plat-i-pez'-i-de) 
platyphyllus (plat-i-fil'-us) flat leafed. 
Platypsaris (plat-ip'-sa-ris) 
Platypsyllus (plat-ip-sil'-us) 
Platypteris* (plat-ip'-ter-is) 
Platyptilia (plat-ip-til'-i-a) 
Platysomus (plat-i-so'-mus) 
Platyspermum* (plat-i-sper'-mum) 
Plecia (ple'-si-a) 
Plecoptera (ple-kop'-ter-a) 
Plecotus (ple-ko'-tus) 
Plectocomia* (plek-tok-om'-i-a) 
Plectrophenax (plek-trof'-e-naks) 
Plegadis (ple'-ga-dis, pleg'-a-dis) 



PLEIOBLASTUS 237 

Pleioblastus* (pll-o-blast'-us) 

pleiogonus (pll-og'-on-us) many-stamened. 

pleiomerous (pli-om'-er-us) 

Pleionema* (pll-on-e'-ma) 

Pleiospilos* (pll-o-spl'-los) 

pleiotropy (pll-ot'-ro-pi) 

pleiotropic (pll-o-trop'-ik) 

Pleistocene (plis'-to-sen) 

pleocleis (ple'-o-klls) 

Pleocnemia (ple-ok-ne'-mi-a) 

Pleodorina (ple-o-do-rl'-na) 

pleogamy (ple-og'-am-i) 

Pleomele* (ple-om'-el-e) 

plerome (ple'-rom) 

plerosis (ple-ro'-sis) 

Plesiochelys (ple-si-ok'-e-lis) 

Plesiops (ple'-si-ops) 

Plesiosaurus (ple-si-6-sor'-us) 

Plesippus (ple-sip'-us) 

Plethodon (pleth'-6-don) 

Plethopsis (pleth-op'-sis) 

Pleurodelidae (plu-ro-del'-i-de) 

Pleurodira (plu-ro-di'-ra) 

Pleuronichthys (plu-ro-nik'-this) 

plexus (pleks'-us, pi. pleks'-us; also, plex'-us-ez) 

plica (pll'-ka) 

plicate (pll'-kat) 

plicature (plik'-a-tur) 

plicatus (plik-a'-tus) folded. 

pliciform (plis'-i-form) 

Pliocercus (pli-6-serk'-us) 

Pliohippus (pli-o-hip'-us) 



238 PLOCEIDAE 

Ploceidae (plo-se'-i-de) 
Plocepasser (plo-se-pas'-er) 
Ploceus (plo'-se-us) 
Plocama* (plok'-am-a) 
Plodia (plo'-di-a) 
Ploiariidae (plo-i-ar-i'-i-de) 
Ploima (plo'-i-ma) 
plover (pluv'er) 
Pluchea* (plu'-ke-a) 
Plumbago* (plum-ba'-go) 
Plusiidae (plu-sl'-i-de) 
Plutellidae (plu-tel'-i-de) 
Pluvialis (plQ-vi-a'-lis) 
Poa* (po'-a) 
Podabrus (pod-ab'-rus) 
podagricus (pod-ag'-ri-kus) gouty, 
podarthrum (po-dar'-thrum) 
podeon (pod'-e-on) 
podetium (po-de-shi-um) 
podex (po-deks) 
Podica (pod'-i-ka) 
podical (pod'-ik-al) 
Podiceps (pod'-i-seps) 
podilegous (po-di-le'-gus) 
podilegus (pod-i-le'-gus) 
podium (po'-di-um) 
Podocarpus* (pod-o-kar'-pus) 
podocephalous (pod'-os-ef'-al-us) 
Podoces (po-do'-sez) 
Podogymnura (pod-6-jim'-nu-ra) 
Podolepis* (pod-ol'-ep-is) 
podomere (pod'-o-mer) 



PODOPHRYA 239 

Podophrya (pod-6-fri'-a) 

Podophyllum* (pod-o-fil'-um) 

Podostemon* (pod-o-ste'-mon) 

podotheca (pod-o-the'-ka) 

Podura (po-du'-ra) 

Poduridae (po-dti'-ri-de) 

podzol (pod'-zol) 

Poeocetes(po-e-se'-tez) 

Poecilichthys (pe-sil-ik'-thiz) 

poecilogony (pe-si-log'-o-ni) 

Poephagus (po-ef'-a-gus) 

Pogogyne* (po-goj'-in-e) 

Pogonia* (po-go'-ni-a) 

pogonion (po-go'-ni-on) 

Pogonomyrmex (po-gon-6-mir'-mex) 

Pogostemon* (po-go-ste'-mon) 

Poicephalus (poy-sef'-al-us) 

Poinciana* (poyn-si-a'-na) 

Polemonium* (pol-e-mo'-ni-um) 

Polianthes* (pol-i-an'-thez) 

polifolius (pol-i-for-i-us, pol-i-fo'-li-us) with leaves 

like Germander, Teucrium poliiim. 
Polinices (pol-i-nl'-sez) 
Poliodon (pol-i'-o-don) 
Polioptila (pol-i-op'-ti-la) 
Polistidae (po-lis'-ti-de) 
Polistes (po-lis'-tez) 
politus (pol-l'-tus) polished. 
Polium* (pol'-i-um) 
pollen (por-en) 
polster (pol'-ster) 
Polyborus (pol-ib'-6-rus) 



240 POLYCAON 

Polycaon (pol-i-ka'-on) 

Polycarpon* (pol-i-kar'-pon) 

Polycentropus (pol-i-sen'-tro-pus) 

Polycera (pol-is'-e-ra) 

Polychrosis (pol-ik-ro'-sis) 

Polychrus (pol'-i-krus) 

Polyctenidae (pol-i-ten'-i-de) 

polyembryony (pol-i-em'-bri-6-ni) 

Polygala* (pol-ig'-a-la) 

Polygnotus (pol-ig-no'-tus) 

Polygonatum* (pol-ig-on-at'-um) 

Polygonella* (pol-ig-on-el'-a) 

Polygonum* (pol-ig'-on-um) 

polyhybrids (pol-i-hi'-bridz) 

Polymitarcidae (pol-i-mi-tar'-si-de) 

Polynices (pol-i-ni'-sez) 

Polyphaga (pol-if'-ag-a) 

polyphemus (pol-i-fe'-mus) many-voiced. 

Polyplacophora (pol-i-pla-kof'-6-ra) 

polyploidy (pol-i-ploy'-di) 

Polypodium* (por-i-po'-di-um, pol-ip-od'-i-um) 

Polypogon* (pol-i-po'-gon) 

Polypremum* (pol-ip'-rem-um) 

polyrhizus (pol-i-ri'-zus) many-rooted. 

Polyscias* (pol-is'-si-as) 

Polystichum* (pol-is'-tik-um) 

Polystoechotidae (pol-i-ste-kot'-i-de) 

Polytaenia* (pol-i-te'-ni-a) 

polytrichous (pol-it'-rik-us) 

polytrophic (pol-i-trof'-ik) 

Pomaderris* (po-ma-der'-is) 

pomarine (pom'-a-rin, pom'-a-rin) 



POMATIAS 241 

Pomatias (po-ma'-ti-as) 

pome (pom) 

pomegranate (pom-gran'-at, pum'-gran-at) 

Pomoxis (po-moks'-is) 

Ponera (pon-e'-ra, po-ne'-ra) 

Poneneridae (pon-er'-i-de) 

Ponicrus* (pon-ik'-rus) 

Ponjidae (pon'-ji-de) 

ponogen (pon'-6-jen) 

Pontederia* (pon-te-de'-ri-a) 

Pontia (pon'-ti-a) 

Popillia (pop-il'-i-a) 

poplar (pop'-lar) 

popliteal (pop-lit'-e-al, pop-li-te'-al) 

Populus* (po'-pul-us) 

Porana* (por-a/-na) 

Porcellana (por-se-la/-na) 

poricidal (po-ri-sl'-dal) 

Porites (po-ri'-tez) 

Porphyrocoma* (por-fir-ok'-om-a) 

porrectus (por-ekt'-us) 

porrifolius (por-i-for-i-us, por-i-fo'-li-us) with 

leaves like leek. 
Porthetria (por-the'-tri-a) 
Portulaca* (por-tu-la'-ka, por-tu-la'-ka) 
Porzana (por-za/-na) 
posterior (pos-te'-ri-er) 
posthumous (pos'-tu-mus) 
Potamanthidae (pot-am-an'-thi-de) 
Potamochoerus (pot-a-mo-ke'-rus) 
Potamogale (pot-a-mog'-a-le) 
Potamogeton* (pot-a-mo-je'-ton) 



242 POTAMOPHIS I 

Potamophis (pot-am'-of-is) 

potency (po'-ten-si) 

Potentilla* (po-ten-til'-a) I 

Poterium* (pot-e'-ri-um) 

Potoos (po'-toos) 

Potorous (pot-6-ro'-us) 

potto (pot'-o) 

praecox (pre'-koks) before time, immature. 

Prasanthea* (pras-an'-the-a) 

pratensis (pra-ten'-sis) growing in meadows. 

Pratincoles (pra-tin-kol'-ez) 

pratincolus (pra-tin-kol'-us) meadow inhabiting. 

predator (pred'-a-tor) 

Prenanthes* (pre-nanth'-ez) 

prenanthoides (pre-nanth-o-l'-dez) with drooping 
leaves or flowers. 

preparator (pre-par'-a-tor, prep-ar'-a-ter) 

Presbytes (pres-bi'-tez) 

pretiosus (pret-i-o'-sus) valuable, at much ex- 
pense. 

primaevus (prl-me'-vus) young. 

primordial (prl-mor'-di-al) 

Primula* (prim'-u-la, prl'-mu-la) 

primigenius (pn-mi-je'-ni-us) first formed. 

primiveris (pri-mi-ve'-ris) first of spring. 

princeps (prin'-seps) first, in front, most eminent. 

Prinia (prin'-i-a) 

Priodontes (prl-o-don'-tez) 

priscus (pris'-kus) first, primitive, of olden times. 

pristine (pris'-tin, pris'-tin) 

proboscideus (pro-bo-sid'-e-us) with similar nose. 

Proboscidia (pro-bo-sid'-i-a) 



PROBOSCIS 243 

proboscis (pro-bos'-sis, pi. pro-bos'-i-dez) 

Procavia (pro-ka'-vi-a) 

procerus (pro-se'-rus) tall, long, large, extended. 

procerus (pro'-ser-us) a muscle of the nose. 

Procinura (pro-sin-ur'-a) 

Procnias (prok'-ni-as) 

proctodeum (prok-to-de'-um) 

procumbens (pro-kum'-benz) bending down, lying 
along the ground. 

Procyon (pro'-si-on) 

Prodenia (pro-den'-i-a) 

Prodidomus (pro-did '-6-mus) 

Prodoxus (pro-doks'-us) 

prodromus (prod'-ro-mus) 

Proechimys (pro-ek-i'-mis, pro-ek'-i-mis.) 

progamic (pro-gam'-ik) 

prognathus (prog'-nath-us) 

Progne (prog'-ne) 

Proiphys* (pro'-if-is) 

proliferate (pro-lif'-er-at) 

proliferus (pro-li'-fer-us) bearing progeny, repro- 
ducing freely. 

prolix (pro'-liks) extended, long. 

prolixus (pro-liks'-us) stretched out, long; also, 
broad. 

Promerops (prom'-e-rops) 

prophylactic (pro-fi-lak'-tik) 

propinquity (pro-pin'-kwi-ti) 

propodium (pro-po'-di-um) 

prorsal (pror'-sal) 

prosenchyma (pros-eng'-ki-ma) 

Prosopidiae (pro-so-pid'-i-de) 



244 PROSOPIS 

Prosopis* (pros-o'-pis, pro-so'-pis) 
Prosthocereus (pros-tho-se'-re-us) 
protandry (pro-tan'-dri) 
protegulum (pro-teg'-u-lum) 
Proteidae (pro-te'-i-de) 
Proteides (pro-te'-id-ez) 
protein (pro'-te-in) 




Prosopis <Gr. prosopis, a kind of 
plant. The first o is short. Pro- 
nounced: pros-o'-pis; also, pro-so'- 
pis. 



Proteles (prot'-e-lez) 

Protentomidae (pro-ten-tom'-i-de) 

Proterospongia (pro-te-ro-spun'-ji-a) 

proterothesis (pro-te-ro-the'-sis) 

Proterozoic (pro-te-ro-zo'-ik) 

proteus (pro'-te-us) 

prothorax (pro-tho'-raks) 

Protonotaria (pro-to-no-ta'-ri-a) 

Protoparce (pro-to-par'-se) 

Protophyta (pro-tof-it-a) 

protopodite (pro-to'-po-dlt, pro-top'-6-dit) 

Protopterus (pro-top'-te-rus) 



PROTURA 245 

Protura (pro-tu'-ra) 

provectus (pro-vek'-tus) advancing, increasing. 

pruinosus (pru-i-no'-sus) full of hoarfrost. 

Prumnopitys* (prum-nop'-it-is) 

Prunella* (pru-nel'-a) 

psalterium (sol-te'-ri-um) 

Psamma* (sam'-a) 

Psammocharidae (sam-6-kar'-i-de) 

Psathyrotes* (sath-i-ro'-tez) 

Pselaphidae (se-laf'-i-de) 

Pselaphus (sel'-a-fus) 

Psephenus (sef-en'-us) 

Psephotus (sef-ot'-us) 

Pseudacris (stid-a'-kris) 

Pseudechis (sud r -ek-is) 

Pseudemys (su'-de-mis) 

Pseudochirus (su-do-kir'-us) 

Pseudois (su'-do-is) 

Pseudolarix* (su-do-la'-riks) 

Pseudomethoca (su-do-meth'-ok-a) 

Pseudoplisus (su-dop-li'-sus) 

pseudopodium (su-do-po'-di-um) 

Pseudotsuga* (su-do-tsu r -ga) 

Psidium* (sid'-i-um, psid'-i-um) 

Psilactis* (sl-lak'-tis) 

Psilonema (si-lon-e'-ma) 

Psilonotus (sl-lo-no'-tus) 

Psilophyta (si-lof'-it-a) 

Psilophyton (sl-lof'-i-ton) 

Psilostrophe* (si-lo'-stro-fe) 

Psilotum* (si-lo'-tum) 

Psithyrus* (sith'-i-rus) 



246 PSI TTACEUS 

psittaceus (sit-a'-se-us) parrot-like. 

Psittacus (sit'-a-kus) 

psoas (so'-as, pso'-as) 

Psocidae (sos'-i-de) 

Psocinella (so-sin-el'-a) 

Psocoptera (so-kop'ter-a) 

Psocus (so'-kus) 

Psolidae (pso'-li-de) 

Psolus (pso'-lus) 

Psophocarpus* (so-fo-kar'-pus) 

psora (so'-ra) the itch. 

Psoralea* (pso-ral'-e-a) 

Psoroptes (so-rop'-tez) 

Psychidae (sl'-ki-de) 

Psychodidae (si-kod'-i-de) 

Psychomyiidae (sl-ko-mi'-i-de) 

Psychotrophum (sl-kot'-rof-um) 

psychrometer (si-krom'-e-ter) 

Psydrax (sid'-raks) 

Psylla (si'-la) 

Psythirus (psith'-i-rus) 

ptarmigan (tar'-mi-gan) 

Ptelea* (tel'-e-a, te'-le-a) 

Pteranodon (ter-an'-o-don) 

pteridophyte (ter-i'-do-flt, ter'-i-do-fit) 

Pteridophyta* (ter-i-dof'-i-ta) 

Pteris* (ter'-is, pter'-is) 

Pterocles (ter'-o-klez) 

Pterocletes (ter-o-kle'-tez 

Pterodactyl (ter-o-dak'-til) 

Pterodrorna (ter-od'-ro-ma) 

Pteromalidae (ter-o-mal'-i-de) 



PTEROMYS 247 

Pteromys (ter'-o-mis) 

Pteronarcidae (ter-o-nar'-si-de) 

Pterophora (ter-of -6r-a) 

Pterophoridae (ter-o-for'-i-de) 

Pterophorus (ter-of -6r-us) 

Pteropus (ter'-6-pus) 

Pterospora* (ter-os'-po-ra) 

Pterostichus (ter-os'-tik-us) 

pterotus (ter-o'-tus) winged, with handles. 

pterygius (ter-i'-ji-us) winged, with wing-like spot. 

Pterygota (ter-i-go'-ta) 

Ptilichthys (til-ik'-this) 

Ptilimnium* (til-im'-ni-um) 

ptilinum (til'-i-num) 

Ptilocnema* (til-ok-ne'-ma) 

Ptilodexia (til-o-deks'-i-a) 

Ptilomeris* (til-om'-er-is) 

Ptiloris (til-6r'-is) 

ptilosis (til-o'-sis, ptil-o'-sis) 

Ptilostephium* (til-os-teph '-i-um) 

Ptilota* (til-o'-ta, ti-lo'-ta) 

Ptinidae (tin'-i-de) 

Ptinobius (tin-ob'-i-us) 

Ptinus (ti'-nus) 

ptomain (pto'-ma-in, pto'-man, to'-man) 

Ptyas (ti'-as) 

Ptychoramphus (ti-ko-ram'-fus, tik-or-am'-fus) 

Ptychosperma* (tl-ko-sper'-ma, tik-os-per'-ma) 

Ptycozoon (tl-ko-zo'-on) 

Ptylichthys (ti-lik'-this) 

ptyocrinus (tl-ok'-rin-us) 

ptyxis (tik'-sis) 



248 PUBERULENT 

puberulent (pu-ber'-ul-ent) 

pubescens (pu-be'-senz) downy, slightly hairy. 

Pueraria* (pQ-er-a'-ri-a) 

pulchellus (pul-kel'-us) somewhat beautiful. 

pulcher (pul'-ker) handsome, beautiful, excellent. 

pulegium (pu-le'-ji-um) pennyroyal. 

Pulicaria* (pu'-li-ka/-ri-a) 

pulicarius (pu-li-ka/-ri-us) of or belonging to fleas. 

Pulicidae (pii-lis'-i-de) 

pullus ( pu'-lus) dark-colored, dusky. 

pulsellum (pul-serum) 

Pultenaea* (pul-ten-e'-a) 

pulverulent (pul-ver'-u-lent) 

pulverulentus (pul-ver-u-len'-tus) dusty. 

pulvillus (pul-vil'-us, pi. pul-vir-i) 

pulvinus (pul-vi'-nus, pi. pul-vi-nl) 

pumilus (pu'-mi-lus) dwarfish. 

punctate (pung'-ktat) 

punctatus (pung-kta'-tus) marked with dots. 

Punctum (pung'-ktum) 

pungens (pun'-jenz) piercing. 

Punica* (pii'-nik-a) 

puniceus (pii-ni'-se-us) reddish, red, purple. 

Pupipara (pu-pi'-pa-ra) 

purpuraceus (pur-pur-a'-se-us) 

purpureus (pur-pu'-re-us) purple; also, red, red- 
dish, brilliant. 

purus (pu'-rus) clean, pure; also, unadorned, free 
from spots, clear, bright. 

pusillus (pus-il'-us) small, insignificant. 

putorius (pu-to'-ri-us) with foul odor, rottenness. 

putus (put'-us) pure, clear, unmixed. 



PUYA 249 

Puya* (pu'-ya) 

Pycnanthemum* (pik-nan'-the-mum) 

Pycnogonum (pik-nog'-o-num) 

Pycnonotidae (pik-no-not'-id-e) 

Pycnonotus (pik-no-not'-us) 

Pygaera* (pi-ge'-ra) 

pygal (pi'-gal) 

Pygathrix (pl'-ga-thriks) 

Pygidicranidae (pi-j id-i-kran'-i-de) 

pygidium (pi-jid'-i-um) 

Pygopodes (pi-gop'-o-dez) 

Pygopus (pl'-go-pus) 

Pygoscelis (pi-gos'-e-lis) 

pygostyle (pl'-go-stll) 

pylangium (pi-lan'-ji-um, pi-lan'-ji-um) 

pylic (pi'-lik) 

pyloris (pl-lo'-ris) 

Pyracantha* (pir-ak-anth'-a) 

Pyragra (pir-a'-gra) 

Pyralidae (pi-ral'-i-de) 

Pyralis* (pir'-al-is) 

pyramidal (pir-am'-id-al) 

Pyrausta (pi-ro'-sta) 

Pyraustidae (pi-ro'-sti-de) 

pyrene (pi'-ren) 

pyrenocarp (pi-re'-no-karp) 

pyrenoid (pi-re'-noid) 

Pyrethrum* (pl-reth'-rum, pir'-eth-rum, pir-e'- 

thrum) 
pyriform (pir'-i-form) 
Pyrochroa (pl-rok'-ro-a) 
Pyrola* (pir'-o-la) 



250 PYROPHILA 

Pyrophila* (pi-rof'-i-la) 

Pyrophorus (pl-rof'-o-rus) 

Pyrostegia* (pi-ro-ste'-ji-a) 

Pyrrhocorax (pi-ro-kor'-aks, pi-rok'-o-raks) 

Pyrrhopappus* (pi-ro-pap'-us, pir-o-pap'-us) 

Pyrrhuloxia (pir-oo-lok'-si-a) 

Pyrrosia* (pir-ro'-si-a) 

Pyrularia* (pir-u-la/-ri-a) 

Pyrus* (pir'-us) 

Pythium* (pith'-i-um) 

Python (pl'-thon) 

Pythonium* (pi-tho'-ni-um) 

Pyticera (pit-is'-er-a) 

Pyxidanthera* (piks-id-an-the'-ra, piks-id-anth'- 

er-a) 
pyxis (pik'-sis) 

Q 

quadrangulus (kwod-ran'-gu-lus) four-cornered. 

quadrifidus (kwad-rif'-id-us) divided in four. 

Quadrumana (kwod-ru'-man-a) 

quadrupedal (kwod-roo'-pe-dal) 

Qualea* (kwa'-le-a) 

Quamoclit* (kwa-mok'-lit) 

quarantine (kwor'-an-ten) 

quartile (kwor'-til) 

Quassia* (kwash'-i-a) 

Quelea (kwe'-le-a) 

querceticola (kwer-se-tik'-ol-a) oak dwelling. 

quercetum (kwer-se'-tum) an oak-wood. 

Quercus* (kwer'-kus) 

Querquedula (kwer-kwed'-u-la) 



QUERULUS 251 

querulus (kwer'-ru-lus) plaintive. 

Quincula (kwin'-ku-la) 

quincunx (kwin'-kungks) 

quinquemaculatus (kwin-kwe-mak-ul-a'-tus) five 

spotted. 
quintuple (kwin'-tu-pl) 
quintuplets (kwin'-tu-plets) 
Quiscalus (kwis'-ka-lus) 
Quisqualis* (kwis-kwa'-lis) 

R 

rabies (rab'-i-ez, ra'-bi-ez) 

raceme (ra-sem 7 ) 

racemosus (ra-se-mo'-sus) full of clusters, clus- 
tered. 

rachial (ra'-ki-al) 

rachilla (ra-ki'-la) 

rachiodont (rak'-i-o-dont) 

rachis (ra'-kis, pi. ra/-ki-dez) 

racial (ra'-shal) 

radicans (ra-di'-kanz) taking root. 

radicant (rad'-i-kant) 

radicatus (ra-dl-ka'-tus) rooted. 

radicivorous (rad-is-iv'-or-us) 

radicose (rad'-i-kos) 

Radiola* (rad'-i-ola) 

Radiolaria (rad-i-o-la'-ri-a, rad-i-o-la'-ri-a) 

radiosus (rad-i-o'-sus) radiant, giving forth many 
beams. 

radius (ra'-di-us) 

radix (ra'-diks, pi. ra'-di-sez) 

radula (rad'-ul-a) 



252 



RALLUS 



Rallus (ral'-us) 

ramentactaceus (ra-men-ta'-se-us) 

ramigerous (ram-ij'-er-us) 

ramose (ra'-mos, ra-mos') 

ramosus (ra-mo'-sus) with many branches, branch- 
ing. 

ramulosus (ra-mu-lo'-sus) full of branches or 
twigs. 

ramus (ra'-mus, pi. ra/-ml) 

Rana (ra/-na) 




Rana <L. rana, a frog. Pronounced: ra'-na, not ra'-na. 



Ranatra (ran'-at-ra) 

Rangifer (ran'-ji-fer) 

Raniceps (ran'-i-seps) 

Ranidae (ran'-i-de) 

raniform (ra/-ni-form, ran'-i-form) frog-shaped. 

Ranunculaceae* (ra-nung-kul-a/-se-e) 

ranunculoides (ra-nung-kul-o-i'-dez) 

Ranunculus* (ra-nung'-kul-us) 

Raoulia* (ra-oo'-li-a) 

Rapa* (ra/-pa) 

Raphanus* (raf'-a-nus) 

raphe (ra'-fe, pi. ra'-fl) 



RAPHIA 253 

Raphia* (ra'-fi-a, raf'-i-a) 

raphid (raf'-id, pi. raf'-id-ez) 

Raphidiidae (raf-id-l'-i-de) 

Raphidophyllum* (raf-i-do-nl'-um) 

raphidus (raf'-i-dus) 

Raphiolepis* (raf-i-ol'-ep-is) 

Raphistemma (raf-is-tem'-a) 

Raphus (raf'-us) 

rapunculoides (ra-pung-ku-lo-i'-dez) like a little 
turnip. 

Rapunculus* (ra-pung'-kul-us, rap-ung'-ku-lus) 

rariflorus (ra-ri-flo'-rus) not dense-flowered. 

rarus (ra'-rus) thin, dispersed. 

rasorial (ra-so'-ri-al) 

Ratibida* (rat-ib'-id-a) 

ratio (ra'-sho) 

Ratitae (rat'-i-te) 

ratite (rat'-it) 

Ratufa (rat-u'-fa) 

ravidus (ra'-vi-dus) grayish, dark-colored. 

ravus (ra'-vus) grayish-yellow, gray. 

reclinatus (rek-lin-a'-tus) turned or bent down- 
ward, bent back. 

rectrices (rek-trl'-sez, sing, rek'-triks) 

rectrix (rek'-trix, pi. rek-trl'-sez) 

Recurvirostra (re-kur-vi-ros'-tra) 

redimiculum (red-i-mi'-ku-lum) a band, a head- 
band. 

Redunca (re-dung'-ka) 

reduncus (re-dung'-kus) curved or bent back. 

Reduviidae (red-u-vl'-i-de) 

Reduviolus (red-u-vl'-ol-us) 



254 REFLEXUS 

reflexus (re-flex'-us) bending back. 
regalis (reg-a/-lis) kingly, royal. 
regius (re'-ji-us) royal. 
Regulus (reg'-u-lus) 
Reithrodontomys (rl-thro-don'-to-mis) 
relict (rel'-ikt) 

remex (re'-meks, pi. rem'-i-jez) 
remiges (rem'-i-jez, sing, re'-meks) 
remigrant (rem'-ig-rant) 
Remora (rem'-6r-a) 
remotus (rem-o'-tus) distant, remote, 
ren (ren, pi. re'-nez) 
renal (re'-nal) 
Renanthera* (re-nan-the'-ra) 
renascent (re-nas'-ent) 
reniform (ren'-i-form, re'-ni-form) 
Renilla (ren-il'-a) 
repand (re-pand') 
reparative (re-par'-at-iv) 
repellant (re-pel'-ant) 

repens (re'-penz) unexpected, unlooked for, sud- 
den. 
repletes (re-plets') 

replicatile (re-plik'-a-til, rep-lik'-a-tll) 
replum (rep'-lum) a door-case, 
reptans (rep'-tanz) creeping. 
reptile (rep'-til) 

resartus (res-ar'-tus) restored, patched, 
research (re-serch') 
resectus (res-ek'-tus) cut off. 
Reseda* (re-se'-da, res'-e-da) 
reservoir (res'-er-vwor, rez'-er-wvar) 



RESOLUTUS 255 

resolutus (res-ol-u'-tus) released, loosened. 

respiratory (re-spir'-a-to-ri, res'-pi-ra-to-ri) 

reticulatus (re-ti-ku-la/-tus) net-like. 

retifer (re'-ti-fer) net-bearing. 

Retinospora (re-tl-nos'-por-a) 

retrograde (ret'-ro-grad) 

retromorphosis (ret-ro-mor-fo'-sis) 

retrusion (re-tru'-zhun) 

retrorse (re-trors') 

retrostalis (ret-ro-stal'-sis) 

retrusus (ret-ru'-sus) distant, hidden. 

retusus (ret-u'-sus) blunted, dull. 

Reynosia* (ra-no'-shi-a) 

Rhabdocoelida (rab-do-se'-li-da) 

Rhachianectes (ra-ki-an'-ek-tez) 

Rhacoma* (rak-o'-ma) 

Rhacomitrium* (rak-o-mit'-ri-um) 

Rhacophorus (ra-kof-6-rus) 

Rhagadiolus* (ra-ga-dl'-ol-us) 

Rhagionidae (ra-ji-on'-i-de) 

Rhagodia* (ra-go'-di-a) 

Rhagoletis (ra-go-le'-tis) 

rhagon (rag'-on, ra'-gon) 

Rhamnidium* (ram-ni'-di-um) 

rhamnifolius (ram-ni-fol'-i-us, ram-ni-fo'-li-us) with 

Rhamnus-like leaves. 
Rhamnus* (ram'-nus) 
Rhamphastos (ram-fast'-os) 
Rhampholeon (ram-fo'-le-on, ram-fo'-le-on) 
Rhamphorhynchus (ram-fo-ring'-kus) 
Rhanis (ran'-is) 
Rhaphanistrum* (raf-an-is'-trum) 



256 RHAPHE 

rhaphe (ra/-fe) 

Rhaphidophora* (raf-id-of'-or-a) 

Rhapis* (ra'-pis) 

Rhaponticum* (ra-pon'-tik-um) 

Rheomys (re'-o-mis) 

Rheumaptera (ru-map'-ter-a) 

Rhexia* (rek'-si-a) 

Rhinanthus* (ri-nan'-thus) 

Rhineura (rl-nu'-ra) 

Rhinocerus (rl-nos'-er-us) 

Rhinocheilus (ri-no-ki'-lus) 

Rhinotermitidae (rl-not-er-mit'-i-de) 

Rhinotora (ri-not'-or-a) 

Rhipiphorus (rip-if-or-us) 

Rhipsalis* (rip'-sal-is) 

Rhiptoglossa (rip-to-glos'-a, rip-to-glo'-sa) 

rhizanthous (rl-zan'-thus) 

rhizautoicus (rl-zo'-toy-kus) 

Rhizina (rl-zi'-na) 

Rhizomys (ri'-zo-mis) 

Rhizophora (ri-zof-6-ra) 

Rhodea* (ro'-de-a) 

Rhodiola* (rod'-i-ol-a, ro-di-ol'-a, ro-dl'-ol-a) 

Rhododendron* (rod-6d-en'-dron, ro-do-den'-dron) 

Rhodomela* (ro-dom'-e-la) 

Rhodope (ro'-do-pe) 

Rhodophycophyta (rod-6-fi-kof-it-a, ro-do-fi-kof- 

it-a) 
Rhodostethia (rod-6-ste'-thi-a) 
Rhodothamnus* (rod-oth-am'-nus, ro-do-tham'- 

nus) 
Rhodotypos* (rod-ot'-ip-os) 



RHOMBOPLITES 257 

Rhomboplites (rom-bop-li'-tez) 
Rhopalocera (ro-pal-os'-er-a) 
Rhopalomera (ro-pal-om-e'-ra) 
Rhus* (rus, rus) 

Rhyacophilidae (ri-a-ko-fir-i-de) 
Rhyacotriton (rl-ak-o-tri'-ton) 
Rhymbus (rim'-bus) 
Rhynchetus (ring-ke'-tus) 
Rhynchobdelida (ring-kob-del'-id-a) 
Rhynchocyon (ring-kos'-i-on) 
Rhynchophanes (ring-kof'-a-nez) 
Rhynchops (ring'-kops) 
Rhynchosia* (ring-ko'-shi-a) 
Rhynchospora* (ring-kos'-po-ra) 
Rhynchostoma (ring-kos'-to-ma) 
Rhynchotragus (ring-ko-trag'-us) 
Rhynchotus (ring-ko'-tus) 
Rhyncophora (ring-kof -6r-a) 
Rhyssa (ris'-a) 
Rhyssodes (ri-so'-dez) 
rhytidome (rit'-i-dom) 
rhytidophyllum (rit-id-6-fir-um) 
Rhytina (ri-ti'-na) 
Ribes* (rl'-bez) 
Ricinidae (ris-in'-i-de) 
Ricinulei (ri-sin-u'-le-l) 
Ricinus* (ris'-in-us) 
Ricotia* (rl-ko'-ti-a) 

rigidulus (rij-id'-u-lus) rigid, stiff, hard, 
rigidus (rij'-ji-dus) stiff, hard, not flexible. 
Rigiopappus* (rij-i-6-pap'-us) 
Rima (rl'-ma) 



258 



RIMOSUS 



rimosus (rl-mo'-sus) full of cracks or fissures. 
ringens (rin'-jenz) grinning, snarling. 
Riparia (rip-ar'-i-a) 

riparius (rip-a'-ri-us) frequenting river banks. 
risorius (rl-sor'-i-us) 
Rissa (ris'-a) 

rivalis (rl-va/-lis) of or belonging to a brook. 
rixosus (riks-o'-sus) quarrelsome, 
robiginosus (ro-bl-ji-no'-sus) rusty. 
Robinia* (rob-in'-i-a, ro-bin'-i-a) 
Rodentia (ro-den'-shi-a) 
Romalea (ro-ma'-le-a) 
Romneya* (rom'-ne-a, rom-ne'-ya) 
Rondeletia* (ron-del-e'-ti-a) 
root (root) 
Rorippa* (ro-rip'-a) 
Rosa (ros'-a, rd'-za, ro'-sa) 
roseus (ros'-se-us) rose-colored, 
rosmarinifolius (ros-ma-rl-ni-fol'-i-us, ros-ma-rl- 
ni-fo'-li-us) with leaves like rosemary. 




Rosa <L. rosa, the rose <Gr. rhodon. Al- 
though the English word "rose," and the 
girl's name "Rose" are pronounced with a 
long o, the Latin rosa, has the o short. Pro- 
nounced: ro'-sa. Because of long usage 
ro-za is considered acceptable. 



ROSTRALIS 259 

rostralis (ros-tra'-lis) of or concerning a beak or 
snout. 

rostratus (ros-tra'-tus) beaked. 

rosulatus (ros-u-lat'-us) resembling a rose, ar- 
ranged in a rosette. 

Rotala* (rot-a'-la) 

rotatus (rot-a/-tus) a turning round. 

rotifer (ro'-ti-fer) 

Rotifera (ro-ti'-fer-a) 

rotula (rot'-u-la) 

rotundus (rot-un'-dus) round, wheel-shaped. 

rouleaux (roo-lo') 

rubellus (rub-el'-us) a little bit red. 

rubens (rub'-enz) becoming red. 

ruber (rub'-er) red. 

rubeta (rub-e'-ta) a kind of poisonous toad. 

rubeus (rub'-e-us) red, reddish. 

Rubia* (rub'-i-a) 

Rubicola (rub-ik'-o-la) 

rubinus (rub'-in-us) red. 

Rubus* (rub'-us) 

Rudbeckia* (rud-bek'-i-a) 

ruderalis (rud-er-al'-is) growing in waste places or 
among rubbish. 

rudis (rud'-is) rough, raw, untilled. 

Ruellia* (ru-el'-i-a) 

rufescens (rQ-fes'-senz) becoming red, reddish. 

rufidus (ru'-fi-dus) somewhat red. 

rufinism (ru'-fin-izm) 

rufus (ru'-fus) red, reddish; also, red-headed. 

ruga (ru'-ga) a crease or wrinkle. 

rugilobus (ru-jil'-ob-us) with wrinkled lobes. 



260 RUGINOSUS 

ruginosus (ru-jin-o'-sus) wrinkled. 
rugosus (ru-go'-sus) wrinkled, corrugated, shriv- 
eled, 
ruidus (ru'-i-dus) rough. 
Rumex* (roo'-meks) 
runcinatus (run-sin-a/-tus) planed off, made 

smooth. 
rupester (roo-pes'-ter) growing on rocks. 




Rupicola, Cockof the Rock <L. rupes, genit. rupis, a rock+ cold, to inhabit. 
Pronounced: roo-pik'6-la (accent on the antepenult), not ru-pi-ko'-la. 



rupestrine (roo-pes'-trin) 

Rupicapra (roo-pi-ka/-pra, roo'-pi-kap'-ra) 

Rupicola (roo-pik'-6-la) 

rupicolous (roo-pik'-6-lus) 

rupicolus (roo-pik'-o-lus) rock-dwelling. 

Rusa (roo'-sa) 

Ruscus* (rus'-kus) 

rusticus (rus'-ti-kus) rustic, rural. 

Ruta* (roo'-ta) 

Rutelidae (ru-tel'-i-de) 

rutilus (rut'-il-us) red, ruddy. 



RYNCHOPHANES 261 

Rynchophanes (ring-kof'-an-ez) 
Rytiginia* (rit-ij-in'-i-a) 



Sabal* (sa'-bal) 

Sabbatia* (sab-a/-ti-a) 

sabine (sa'-bln) 

sabulus (sab'-u-lus) 

saccharatus (sak-a-ra'-tus) sugary, sweet. 

saccharine (sak'-a-rin, sak'-a-rin) 

Saccharum* (sak'-a-rum) 

sacciferous (sak-sif'-er-us) 

sacciform (sak'-si-form) 

Sacciolepis* (sak-i-ol'-ep-is) 

Saccochilus* (sak-ok-l'-lus) 

Saccolabium* (sak-ol-ab'-i-um) 

Saccophora (sak-of -6-ra) 

Sacculina (sak-u-li'-na) 

sacer (sas'-er) holy, sacred. 

Sacodes (sa-ko'-dez) 

sacrarium (sa-krar'-i-um) 

Sagartia (sa-gar'-ti-a) 

Sageretia* (sag-er-e'-shi-a, sag-er-e'-ti-a) 

Sagina* (saj-l'-na) 

sagitta (saj-it'-a) 

sagittal (saj'-i-tal) pertaining to an arrow. 

Sagittaria* (saj-it-ta'-ri-a) 

sagittifolius (saj-i-ti-for-i-us, saj-i-ti-fo'-li-us) 

arrow-leaved. 
Sagmatias (sag-ma'-ti-us) 
Saiga (sl'-ga, sa/-i-ga) 
Salacia* (sal-a/-si-a) 



262 SALAZARIA 

Salazaria* (sal-a-zar'-i-a) 

Saldidae (sal'-di-de) 

salebrosus (sal-e-bro'-sus) rough, uneven, full of 
bumps. 

Salicaria* (sal-ik-a'-ri-a) 

salicarius (sal-ik-ar'-i-us) of or pertaining to wil- 
lows. 

salicifolius (sal-is-i-fol'-i-us, sal-is-i-fo'-li-us) willow- 
leaved. 

Salicornia* (sal-i-kor'-ni-a) 

salignus (sal-i'-gnus) of willow wood, of willow. 

saline (sa/-lin) 

Salix* (sal'-iks, sa'-liks) 

Salpiglossus* (sal-pi-glos'-us, sal-pi-glo'-sus) 

Salpinctes (sal-pingk'-tez) 

salpingectomy (sal-pin-jek'-to-mi) 

Salpinx* (sal'-pingks) 

Salsola* (sal'-so-la) 

salsuginous (sal-su'-ji-nus) 

saltator (sal-ta'-tor) a leaper, a dancer. 

Salvadora (sal-va-dor'-a) 

Salvelinus (sal-ve-ll'-nus) 

Salvia* (sal'-vi-a) 

Salvinia* (sal-vl'-ni-a) 

Samadera* (sa-mad'-er-a) 

Samanea* (sam-a'-ne-a) 

Samara* (sam'-ar-a, sam-a'-ra) 

samara (sam'-a-ra, sa-ma'-ra) 

Sambucus* (sam-bu'-kus) 

Samia (sa/-mi-a) 

Samolus* (sa'-mol-us, sam'-ol-us) 

Sandoricum* (san-dor'-ik-um) 



SANGUINALIS 263 

sanguinalis (san-gwi-na'-lis) bloody, of blood, 
blood thirsty. 

Sanguinaria* (san-gwi-na'-ri-a) 

saguineus (san-gwi'-ne-us) bloody, of blood, blood- 
red. 

Sanguisorba* (san-gwi-sor'-ba) 

Sanicula* (san-ik'-u-la) 

Sansevieria* (san-se-ver'-i-a, san-sev-i-e'-ri-a) 

Saperda (sap-er'-da) 

sapidus (sap'-i-dus) good to eat, savory. 

sapiens (sap'-i-enz) knowing, of good taste. 

Sapindus* (sap-in'-dus, sa-pin'-dus) 

Sapium* (sap'-i-um, sa'-pi-um) 

Saponaria* (sap-o-na'-ri-a) 

Sapota* (sa-po'-ta) 

Saprinus (sap'-rin-us) 

saprophytic (sap-ro-fit'-ik) 

Sapygidae (sa-pij'-i-de) 

Sarachilus* (sar-ak-ll'-us) 

Sarcina* (sar'-si-na) 

Sarcobatis* (sar-kob'-at-is) 

Sarcobatus* (sar-kob'-at-us) 

Sarcodina (sar-ko-di'-na) 

Sarcoglottis* (sar-kog'-lot-is, sar-kog-lo'-tis) 

Sarcolobus* (sar-kol'-ob-us) 

Sarcophagidae (sar-ko-faj'-i-de) 

Sarcophilus (sar-kof'-il-us) 

Sarcopsylla (sar-kop-sil'-a) 

Sargassum (sar-gas'-um) 

Sargania* (sar-gan'-i-a) 

Sargus (sar'-gus) 



264 SARMENTOSUS 




Sarcobatus <Gr. sarkos, flesh -\-batos, a bramble. 
Pronounced: sar-kob'-a-tus, not sar-ko-ba'-tus. 



sarmentosus (sar-men-to'-sus) twiggy, full of little 

branches. 
Sarothamnus* (sar-o-tham'-nus) 
sarothroides (sar-oth-ro-l'-dez) 
sarothrum (sar-o'-thrum) a broom. 
Sarracenia* (sar-as-e'-ni-a) 
sartorius (sar-to'-ri-us) 
Sasa* (sa'-sa) 
Sasia (sa'-si-a) 
sasin (sa'-sin) 
Satira (sat-ir'-a) 

sativus (sat-i'-vus) planted, that is sown, 
saturatus (sat-u-ra'-tus) full of color, rich in color 
Satureia* (sat-u-re'-i-a) 
Saturniidae (sat-ur-ni'-i-de) 
satyr (sat'-er, sa/-ter) 

Sauroglossum* (so-rog-glos'-um, so-rog-glo'-sum) 
Sauromalus (so-ro-mal'-us) 
Sauropsida (so-rop'-sid-a) 
Saururus* (so-ru'-rus) 
saxatilis (saks-a'-ti-lis) found among rocks. 



SAXICOLOUS 



265 



saxicolous (saks-ik'-ol-us) 

Saxifraga* (sak-sif'-ra-ga) 

saxosus (saks-o'-sus) stony, full of rocks. 

Sayornis (sa-or'-nis) 

scaber (skab'-er) rough, scurfy. 

Scabiosa* (skab-i-o'-sa, ska-bi-o'-sa) 

scabricomus (skab-ri'-ko-mus) 

scabrosus (skab-ro'-sus) rough. 

scabrous (skab'-rus) 



Saxifraga <L. saxifraga, "the rock-breaker" <saxum, 
rock+ j 'ranger e, to break. Pronounced: saks-if'-ra-ga, 
not saks-if-ra'-ga, as we often hear. 




Scaevola* (se'-vol-a) 
Scalaria (ska-la/-ri-a) 
scalene (ska-len') 
scallop (skal'-up, skol'-up) 
Scalops (ska'-lops) 
Scalopus (skal'-op-us) 
Scandix* (skan'-diks) 
scansorial (skan-so'-ri-al) 
Scapanus (skap'-a-nus) 
scape (skap) 

Scaphiopus (skaf-l'-6-pus) 
Scaphisoma (skaf-is-6m'-a) 



266 SCAPHITES 

Scaphites (skaf-i'-tez) 

Scapholeberis (ska-fo-leb'-er-is) 

Scaphopoda (skaf-op'-o-da) 

scapiodeus (ska-poyd'-e-us) scape-like. 

Scaptolemus (skap-to-lem'-us) 

scapulare (skap-u-la/-re) 

Scarabaeidae (skar-a-be'-i-de) 

scariola (ska-ri-ol'-a) wild lettuce. 

scarious (ska'-ri-us) 

Scatophaga (skat-of'-ag-a) 

Scatophagidae (scat-o-faj'-i-de) 

scaup (skop) 

sceleratus (sel-er-a/-tus) defiled, vicious, bad. 

Scelidosaurus (sel-id-6-so'-rus) 

Scelio (se'-li-o) 

Scelionidae (sel-i-on'-i-de) 

Sceliphron (sel'-if-ron) 

Sceloporus (se-lop'-o-rus, sel-op'-or-us) 

Scenedesmus (se-ne-des'-mus) 

Scenopinus (se-nop'-in-us) 

Scepsis (skep'-sis) 

Schedius (sked'-i-us) 

Schedonnardus* (sked-on-ar'-dus) 

schidigerus (ski-di'-jer-us) splinter-bearing. 

schindylesis (skin-dil-e'-sis) 

schizont (skl'-zont) 

Schinus* (ski'-nus) 

Schistosoma (skis-to-so'-ma) 

schistosomiasis (skis-to-som-i-a'-sis) 

Schizandra* (skiz-an'-dra) 

schizogomy (skiz-og'-a-mi) 

Schizoloma* (skiz-ol-o'-ma) 



SCHIZOPHRAGMA 267 

Schizophragma* (skiz-6f-rag'-ma) 

Schizophyta (skiz-of'-it-a) 

Schizopoda (skiz-op'-6-da) 

Schizostylis* (skiz-os'-til-us) 

Schoenoprasum* (sken-op'-ras-um) 

Schoenus* (ske'-nus) 

Sciadocalyx (si-ad-ok'-al-iks, si-ad-ok'-al-iks) 

Sciadopitys* (si-a-dop'-it-is, si-ad-op'-it-is) 

Sciaena (sl'-e-na) 

Sciagraphia (sl-a-graf'-i-a) 

Sciara (si'-a-ra) 

Scilla* (sil'-a) ' 

Scincus (sing'-kus) 

scion (sl'-on) 

Scirpus* (sur'-pus) 

scission (sizh'-un, sish'-un) 

Scissirostrum (sis-i-ros'-trum) 

scitulus (skit'-u-lus) slender, graceful, elegant. 

Sciuropterus (sl-u-rop'-ter-us) 

Sciurus (si-ii'-rus) 

Scleranthus* (skle-ran'-thus) 

scleroblast (skle'-ro-blast) 

Sclerochloa* (skle-ro-klo'-a) 

Sclerodermi (skle-ro-der'-ml) 

Sclerolopis* (skle-ro'-le-pis) 

Scleropogon* (skle-ro-po'-gon) 

sclerotic (skle-rot'-ik) 

sclerotin (skler'-o-tin) 

Sclerurus (skle-ur'-us) 

scobina (skob-l'-na) a rasp. 

Scoliidae (sko-li'-i-de) 

Scoliodon (sko-ll'-6-don) 



268 SCOLOPAX 

Scolopax (skor-6-paks) 

Scolopendrium* (skol-op-en'-dri-um) 

Scolops (skol'-ops, sko'-lops) 

Scolymus* (skor-im-us) 

Scolytidae (sko-lit'-i-de) 

Scolytus (skol'-i-tus) 

scomberomorous (skom-be-rom'-o-rus) 

Scombresox (skom'-bre-soks) 

Scoparia* (sko-pa'-ri-a) 

scoparius (sko-pa/-ri-us) a sweeper. 

Scopelus (skop'-e-lus) 

Scopidae (skop'-i-de) 

scopiform (sko'-pi-form) broom-shaped. 

scops (skops) 

Scordium* (skor'-di-um) 

scorteus (skor'-te-us) made of leather. 

Scorzonella* (skor-zon-el'-a) 

Scorzonera* (sk6r-zon-e'-ra) 

Scotiaptex (sko-ti-ap'-tex, sko-shi-ap'-tex) 

Scotophilus (sko-tof'-il-us) 

Scotornis (sko-tor'-nis) 

scrobiculate (skrob-ik'-u-lat) 

scrofa (skrof'-a) a breeding-sow. 

Scrophularia* (skrof-u-la'-ri-a) 

scrotal (skro'-tal) 

Scrupocellaria (skru-p6-sel-a/-ri-a) 

scrupulosus (skrQ-pul-o'-sus) rough; also, exactly, 

carefully, 
scurvy (sker'-vi) 

scutatus (sku-ta'-tus) armed with a shield. 
Scutellaria* (sku-tel-a'-ri-a) 



SCUTELLATUS 269 

scutellatus (sku-tel-a/-tus) with shield-like parts, 
shield-like. 

Scutelleridae (sku-tel-er'-i-de) 

scutellum (skut-el'-um) 

Scuticaria (sku-tik-a'-ri-a) 

Scutigera (sku-ti'-je-ra) 

Scutula* (skut'-u-la) 

scutullatus (skut-ul-a'-tus) diamond-shaped, 
checkered. 

scutum (sku'-tum) 

Scydmaenidae (sid-men'-i-de) 

Scylla (sil'-a) 

Scyllarus (sil'-a-rus) 

Scymnus (sim'-nus) 

Scypha (si'-fa) 

scyphistoma (sl-fis'-to-ma) 

Scyphozoa (si-fo-zo'-a) 

Scytalopus (sl-tal'-o-pus) 

Scytonema* (si-to-ne'-ma) 

sebaceous (se-ba'-shus) 

sebific (se-bif'-ik) 

sebum (se'-bum) 

Secale* (sek-a/-le, sek-a'-le) 

secalinus (sek-a-ll'-nus) resembling rye. 

Secalis* (se'-kal-is) 

Sechium* (se'-ki-um) 

secretory (se-kre'-tor-i) 

sectatrix (sek-ta'-triks) a female follower. 

secund (sek'-und) 

secundus (sek-un'-dus) second. 

sedimentarius (sed-i-men'-ta-ri-us) settling, a sedi- 
ment. 



270 SEDOIDES 

sedoides (se-do-i'-dez) sedum-like. 

Sedum* (sed'-um, se'-dum) 

segetis (sej'-e-tis) of a cornfield. 

Seiurus (si-u'-rus) 

sejugous (sej'-u-gus) a team of six. 

Selaginella* (sel-a-ji-nel'-a, sel-a-jin-el'-a) 

selaginoides (sel-a-ji-no-i'-dez) like Selago. 

Selago* (sel-a'-go) 

Selasphorus (sel-as'-fo-rus) 

Selenarctos (sel-en-ark'-tos) 

Selenodon (se-le'-no-don) 

Seleucides (sel-u'-si-dez) 

Selinocarpus* (sel-i-no-kar'-pus) 

Selinum* (sel-l'-num) 

Semecarpus* (se-me-kar'-pus) 

Semele (sem'-e-le) 

semen (se'-men, pi. sem'-i-na) 

semidecandrus (sem-i-de-kan'-drus) with half of 

ten stamens. 
seminal (sem'-i-nal) 
seminiferous (sem-i-nif -er-us) 
Semotilus (se-mot'-i-lus) 
sempervirens (sem-per'-vi-renz) evergreen. 
Sempervivum* (sem-per'-vi-vum, sem-per-vi'- 

vum) 
Senebiera* (sen-eb-e'-ra) 
Senecio* (se-ne'-shi-o, se-ne'-si-d) 
senile (se'-nil, se'-nil) 
senticosus (sen-ti-ko'-sus) full of thorns. 
sentus (sen'-tus) thorny, rough. 
sepal (se'-pal, sep'-al) 
Sepedon (sep'-e-don) 



SEPIOLA 271 

Sepiola (se-pi'-6-la) 

sepium (se'-pi-um) of hedges or fences. 

Sepside (sep'-si-de) 

septangularius (sep-tan-gu-la'-ris) corner of a 

hedge, a fence angle. 
septentrionalis (sep-ten-tri-6-na/-lis) northern, of 

the north. 
septic (sep'-tik) 
septum (sep'-tum) 
Seraphyta* (se-raf'-it-a) 
sere (ser) 

Serenoa* (ser-en-o'-a) 
Sergestes (ser-jes'-tez) 
Sergiolus (ser-ji'-o-lus) 
sericatus (se-rik-a'-tus) clothed in silks. 
Sericidae (se-ris'-i-de) 

Sericocarpus* (ser-i-ko-kar'-pus, se-rik-ok-ar'-pus) 
Sericostomatidae (ser-i-ko-sto-mat'-i-de, se-rik-o- 

sto-mat'-i-de) 
Sericulus (se-rik'-u-lus) 
seriema (ser-i-e'-ma) 

series (ser'-ez, se'-ri-ez, pi. ser'-ez or se'-ri-ez) 
Serinus (se-ri'-nus) 
Seriphium* (ser-i'-fi-um) 

serotinus (se-ro'-ti-nus) late, late-ripe, backward. 
Serphidae (ser'-fi-de) 
Serpula (ser'-pu-la) 
serpyllifolius (ser-pi-li-fol'-i-us, ser-pi-li-fo'-li-us) 

thyme-leafed. 
Serpyllum* (ser-pil'-um) 
serrate (ser'-at) 
Serratula* (ser-rat'-u-la, ser-a'-tul-a) 



272 SERTULARIA 




Serinus. Generic name of the canary. New L. serinus <Fr. serin, a kind of 
bird, a canary. Pronounced: se-ri'-nus, not ser'-in-us. 



Sertularia (ser-tu-la'-ri-a) 

serum (se'-rum) 

Sesamum* (ses'-a-mum, se'-sam-um) 

Sesiidae (ses-l'-id-e) 

Seseli* (ses'-e-ll) 

sessile (ses'-il) 

Sesuvium* (se-su'-vi-um, ses-u'-vi-um) 

seta (se'-ta, pi. se'-te) 

setaceus (se-ta/-se-us) bristly, with bristles. 

Setaria* (se-ta'-ri-a) 

Setochalcis (set-o-kal'-sis) 

Setophaga (se-tof -a-ga) 

setula (set'-u-la) a small bristle. 

sexangularis (seks-an-gu-la'-ris) six-angled. 

Shibataea* (shib-at'-e-a) 

Sialia (si-a'-li-a) 

Sialidae (si-al'-i-de) 

Sialis (sl'-al-is) 

Sibbaldus (sib-al'-dus) 

Sibiraea* (sib-I-re'-a) 



SIBYNOPHINAE 273 

Sibynophinae (sib-in-of'-in-e) 

siculus (sik'-u-lus) of Sicily. 

Sicydium* (sis-id'-i-um) 

Sicyos* (sis'-i-os) 

Sicyosperma* (sis-i-os-per'-ma) 

Sida* (si'-da) 

Sidalcea* (si-dal'-se-a) 

Sideritis* (sid-e-rl'-tis) 

sierozem (syer'-6-zem) 

Sigalphus (sig-al'-fus) 

Sigmodon (sig'-mo-don) 

Signiphoridae (sig-ni-phor'-i-de) 

Sika (se'-ka) 

Silaus* (si-la'-us) 

Silene* (sl-le'-ne) 

siliqua (sil-ik'-wa) 

Siliquaria (sil-i-kwa'-ri-a) 

siliquastrum (sil-i-kwas'-trum) 

Silphidae (sil'-fi-de) 

Silphium* (sir-fi-um) 

Silvanus (sil-van'-us) 

silvaticus (sil-va'-ti-kus) forest loving. 

silvestris (sil-ves'-tris) belonging to a wood or 

forest. 
Silybum* (sil'-i-bum) 
Simaruba* (sim-ar-u'-ba) 
Simenchelyidae (sim-eng-ke'-ll-i-de) 
Simethis* (sim-e'-this) 
simian (sim'-i-an) 
simiolus (si-mi'-ol-us) a little ape. 
simplex (sim'-plekz) simple, unmixed, plain. 
Simuliidae (sim-u-li'-i-de) 



274 SIMULTANEOUS 

simultaneous (si-mul-ta'-ne-us, sim-ul-ta/-ne-us) 

Sinanthropus (sin-an-thro'-pus) 

Sinapis* (sin-a'-pis) 

Sinapus* (sin-a'-pus) 

sinew (sin'-ti) 

Sinningia* (sin-inj'-i-a) 

sinuate (sin'-ii-at) 

sinuatus (sin-u-a/-tus) bent, curved. 

sinuous (sin'-u-us) 

sinus (sl'-nus, pi. sl'-nus or si'-nus-ez) 

Siphateles (sif-at'-e-lez) 

Siphlonuridae (sif-lon-ur'-i-de) 

Siphneus (sif'-ne-us) 

Sipho* (sif'-o) 

Siphonaptera (si-fo-nap'-ter-a) 

Siphoniopsis* (si-fo-ni-op'-sis) 

Siphonocladales* (si-fo-no-kla-da'-lez) 

siphonoglyph (sl-fo'-no-glif) 

siphuncle (si'-fung-k'l) 

Siren (si'-ren) 

Sirenida (sl-ren'-i-de) 

Sirex (sl'-reks) 

Siricidae (si-ris'-i-de) 

Sirium* (si'-ri-um) 

Sison* (si' -son) 

Sistrurus (sis-tru'-rus) 

Sisymbrium* (sis-im'-bri-um) 

Sisyra (sis-i'-ra) 

Sisyridae (sis-ir'-i-de) 

Sisyrinchium* (sis-ir-in'-ki-um) 

Sitaris (sit'-a-ris) 

sitiens (sit'-i-enz) drying up, thirsty. 



SITODREPA 275 

Sitodrepa (sit-od-re'-pa) 

Sitotroga (sit-ot-ro'-ga) 

sitotropism (sl-tot'-ro-pizm) 

Sium* (sl'-um) 

Skimmia* (skim'-i-a) 

skolex (sko'-leks) 

skotoplankton (skot-6-plangk'-ton) 

sloth (sloth, sloth) 

Smeeana* (sme-a'-na) 

smegma (smeg'-ma) 

Smicra (smi'-kra) 

Smicrips (sml'-krips) 

Smilacina* (smi-la-sl'-na, sml-las'-in-a) 

Smilax* (smi-laks) 

Smilodon (smi'-lo-don) 

Smynthuridae (smin-thur'-i-de) 

Smyrnium* (smur'-ni-um) 

soboles (sob'-o-lez) 

soboliferous (sob-o-lif'-er-us) 

Sobralia* (sob-ral'-i-a) 

sobrinus (so-bri'-nus) a cousin. 

sobrius (so'-bri-us) not drunk; also, reasonable. 

socies (so'-shi-ez) 

sodalis (so-da'-lis) a mate, a companion. 

Solandra* (so-lan'-dra) 

Solanum* (so-la/-num) 

Soldanella* (sol-dan-el'-a) 

Solea* (so'-le-a) 

Solenanthus* (so-le-nan'-thus) 

Solenobia (so-le-nob'-i-a) 

solenocytes (so-le'-no-sits) 

Solenomya (so-le-no-ml'-a) 



276 



SOLIDAGO 




Solanum <L. solatium, the night- 
shade. The o is long as also is a. 
Pronounced: so-la'-num, not so- 
lan'-um. 



Solidago* (sol-id-a'-go) 
solidus (sol'-i-dus) firm, dense, not hollow. 
Sollya* (sol'-i-a) 

solstitialis (sol-sti-shi-a'-lis) belonging to the sum- 
mer solstice, of or belonging to midsummer. 
solutus (sol-u'-tus) free, loose. 
soma (so'-ma) 
Somateria (so-mat-er'-i-a) 
somatic (so-mat'-ik) 
somatogenesis (so-mat-6-je'-ne-sis) 
somatopleure (so'-mat-o-plur) 
somnifer (som'-ni-fer) bringing sleep. 
Sonchus* (song'-kus) 
Sophia* (sof'-i-a) 
Sophora* (sof-o'-ra) 
Sophronitis* (sof-ron-l'-tis) 
soporator (sop-o-ra'-tor) a sleeper. 
soporific (so-p6-rif'-ik, sop-6-rif-ik) 
Sopubia* (sop-u'-bi-a) 
Sorbus* (sor'-bus) 
soredium (so-re'-di-um) 



SOREX 277 

Sorex (so'-reks) 

Sorocephalus* (so-ro-sef'-al-us) 

sorus (so'-rus) 

Sotalia (so-ta'-li-a) 

Sotol (so'-tol) 

spadices (spa-di-sez, pi. of spa-diks) 

spadonius (spad-o'-ni-us) barren, seedless. 

Spadostyles* (spa-dos'-til-ez) 

Spalax (spa/-laks) 

Sparaison (spar-a-Is'-on) 

Sparganium* (spar-gan'-i-um, spar-ga'-ni-um) 

Spartina* (spar'-ti-na, spar-tl'-na) 

sparverius (spar-ver'-i-us) pertaining to a sparrow. 

Spatangus (spa-tan '-gus) 

spathe (spath, th as in those) 

Spathodea* (spath-o'-de-a) 

Spathoglottis* (spath-og-lot'-is, spath-og-lo'-tis) 

spathose (spa'-thos) 

spathula (spath'-u-la) a spatula. 

Spathyema* (spath-I-e'-ma) 

species (spe'-shez, spe'-shi-ez, pi. spe'-shez) 

speciosus (spe-si-o'-sus) good looking. 

Specularia* (spek-u-la/-ri-a) 

spelaeology (spe-le-ol'-o-ji) 

Spelerpes (spe-ler'-pez) 

speltus (spel'-tus) a kind of wheat. 

Speotyto (spe-ot'-i-to) 

Spergula* (sper'-gu-la) 

Spergularia* (sper-gu-la'-ri-a) 

spermaceti (sper-ma-se'-ti) 

Spermacoce* (sper-ma-ko'-se) 

spermatic (sper-mat'-ik) 



278 SPERMATID 

spermatid (sper'-ma-tid) 

spermatium (sper-ma'-shi-um) 

spermatogonium (sper-mat-6-go'-ni-um) 

spermatocyst (sper'-mat-6-sist) 

spermatocyte (sper'-mat-6-sit) 

Spermatophyta (sper-ma-tof'-i-ta) 

spermatophyte (sper'-mat-o-fit) 

spermatozoa (sper-mat-6-zo'-a) 

spermiducal (sper-mi-du'-kal) 

Spermolepis* (sper-mol'-ep-is) 

Speyeria (spa-e'-ri-a) 

sphacelate (sfas'-e-lat) 

Sphacele* (sfas'-el-e) 

sphactes (sfak'-tez) a slayer. 

Sphaeralcea* (sfe-ral'-se-a) 

sphaerocephalus (sfe-ro-se'-fa-lus) round-headed. 

Sphaerites (sfe-ri'-tez) 

Sphaerocera (sfe-ros'-er-a) 

Sphecidae (sfes'-i-de) 

Sphecius (sfe'-si-us) 

Spheniscus (sfe-nis'-kus) 

Sphenodesma* (sfe-nod-es'-ma) 

Sphenodon (sfe'-no-don) 

Sphenogyne* (sfe-noj'-in-e) 

Sphenopholis* (sfe-nof-ol'-is) 

Sphenophorus (sfe-nof'-6r-us) 

Sphyrapicus (sfi-ra-pi'-kus) 

Spica* (spi'-ka) 

spicatus (spl-ka'-tus) having spikes, putting forth 

or having ears or points. 
Spicillaria* (spi-sil-a'-ri-a) 
Spilanthes* (spl-lan'-thez) 



SPILOGALE 279 

Spilogale (spi-log'-a-le) 

Spilornis (spi-lor'-nis) 

Spilotes (spl-lo'-tez) 

Spilonota (spi-lon-ot'-a) 

Spinacia* (spin-a'-shi-a, spi-na'-si-a) 

Spindus (spin'-dus) 

Spinifex* (spi'-nif-eks) 

spinosior (spln-o'-si-or) more spiny. 

spinosissimus (spi-no-sis'-i-mus) very spiny, most 
spiny. 

spinosus (spl-no'-sus) full of spines or thorns. 

spinule (spin'-ul) 

spinulose (spin'-u-los, spin'-u-los) 

Spinus (spl'-nus) 

spiracle (spl'-ra-kl, spir'-a-kl) 

Spiraea* (spl-re'-a) 

Spiranthes* (spi-ran'-thez) 

Spirodela* (spi-ro-de'-la) 

Spirontocaris (spl-ron-tok'-ar-is) 

Spirostemon* (spl-ros-te'-mon) 

Spirotrichonympha (spi-ro-trik-6-nim'-fa) 

Spirula (spir'-u-la) 

spithameous (spith-a'-me-us) 

Spiza (spl'-za) 

Spizella (spl-zel'-a) 

splenetic (sple-net'-ik, splen'-e-tik) 

Spondias* (spon'-di-as) 

Spondylus (spon'-di-lus) 

sponsalis (spon-sa'-lis) of or belonging to be- 
trothal. 

Sporobolus* (spor-ob'-ol-us) 

sporogony (spor-oj'-o-ni) 



280 SPOROPHILA 

Sporophila (spor-of'-il-a) 
Spraguea* (spra'-ge-a) 

spretus (spre'-tus) despised, held in contempt, 
spumescent (spu-mes'-ent) 

spurius (spur'-ri-us) false, of illegitimate birth. 
Spyridium* (spir-id'-i-um) 

squalidus (skwa'-li-dus) stiff, rough, foul, unculti- 
vated. 
squamose (skwa'-mos) 
squarrosus (skwa-ro'-sus) rough, scabby, 
squirrel (skwur'-el) 
Stachyopogon* (stak-i-op-6'-gon) 
Stachys* (stak'-is, sta'-kis) 
Stachytarpheta* (stak-it-ar-fe'-ta) 
stagninus (stag-ni'-nus) growing in swampy places, 
stalk (stok) 

stamen (sta/-men, pi. sta'-menz) 
Stangeana* (stanj-e-a'-na) 
stans (stanz) erect, upright. 
Stapelia* (sta-pel'-i-a, sta-pe'-li-a) 
Staphylea* (staf-i-le'-a) 
Staphylinidae (staf-i-lin'-i-de) 
stasis (sta'-sis) 
Statice* (stat'-i-se) 
statocyst (stat'-o-sist) 
Staurotypus (sto-rot'-i-pus) 
Steatornis (ste-a-tor'-nis) 
steganopodes (steg-a-nop'-o-dez) 
Steganopus (steg-an'-o-pus) 
Stegnogramme* (steg-nog-ram'-e) 
Stegocephalia (steg-o-se-fa'-li-a) 
Stegodon (steg'-6-don) 



ST EIRONEMA 281 

Steironema* (stl-ro-ne'-ma) 

stele (ste'-le, pi. ste'-lez) 

Stelephuros* (stel-ef-u'-ros) 

Stelgidopteryx (stel-j id-op'- ter-iks) 

Stelis (ste'-lis) 

Stellaria* (stel-a'-ri-a) 

stellaris (stel-a'-ris) starry. 

stellatus (stel-a/-tus) starred, covered with stars. 

stelligerus (stel-i'-je-rus) bearing stars. 

Stellula (stel'-u-la) 

stellulatus (stel-u-la/-tus) star-like. 

Stemodia* (ste-mo'-di-a) 

Stemonitis* (stem-on-i'-tis) 

Stenanthium* (sten-an'-thi-um) 

Stenia* (sten'-i-a) 

Steno (sten'-o) 

Stenochilus* (sten-ok-l'-lus) 

Stenoglottis* (sten-og'-lot-is, sten-og-lo'-tis) 

Stenolobium* (sten-o-lo'-bi-um, sten-6-lob'-i-um) 

Stenomesson* (sten-6m-es'-on) 

Stenomylus (sten-o-ml'-lus) 

Stenopelmatidae (sten-o-pel-mat'-i-de) 

Stenorrhina* (sten-o-rln'-a) 

Stenosiphon* (sten-os-i'-fon) 

Stenosolenium* (sten-o-so-le'-ni-um) 

Stenotaphrum* (sten-ot-af'-rum) 

Stenotrema (sten-6-tre'-ma) 

Stenotus* (sten'-6-tus) 

Stenus (sten'-us, sten'-us) 

Stephania* (stef-a'-ni-a) 

Stephanidae (stef-an'-i-dS) 

Stephanomeria* (stef-an-om-er'-i-a) 



282 STEPHANOPHYSUM 

Stephanophysum* (stef-an-of-i'-sum) 

steppe (step) 

Stercorarius (ster-ko-ra/-ri-us) 

Sterculia* (ster-kul'-i-a, ster-ku'-li-a) 

Stereochilus (ster-e-ok-il'-us) 

sterigma (ste-rig'-ma, pi. ste-rig'-ma-ta) 

Sterigmostemon* (ste-rig-mos-te'-mon) 

sterilis (ster'-i-lis) sterile, bare, empty. 

Steriphoma* (ster-if-o'-ma) 

Sternotherus (ster-no-the'-rus) 

Stevia* (ste'-vi-a) 

Stibasia* (stib-a'-shi-a, stib-a/-si-a) 

Stichotrematidae (sti-ko-tre-mat'-i-de) 

stigma (stig'-ma, pi. stig'-mat-a) 

stigmata (stig'-mat-a) 

Stilbeae* (stil'-be-e) 

stilbius (stil'-bi-us) shining. 

Stilbopterygidae (stil-bo-te-ri'-j i-de) 

Stipa* (sti'-pa) 

stipel (stl'-pel) 

stipellate (stl-pel'-at) 

stipes (sti'-pez), pi. stip'-i-tez) 

stipitate (stip'-i-tat) 

stipularis (stip-ul-a'-ris) having stipules, pertaining 

to stipules. 
stipule (stip'-ul) 
Stipulicida* (stip-ul-is'-id-a) 
Stizolobium* (stiz-ol-ob'-bi-um, stl-zo-lob'-i-um) 
Stizostedion (sti-zo-ste'-di-on) 
Stizus (stl'-zus) 
Stobartiana* (stob-art-i-a'-na) 
stolidus (stol'-i-dus) unmovable, dull, stupid. 



STOMA 283 

stoma (sto'-ma, pi. sto'-mat-a) 

stomadeum (sto-ma-de'-um) 

stomata (sto'-mat-a) 

stomatic (stom'-at-ik) 

Stomatolepas (sto-ma-to-le'-pas) 

stomodaeum (sto-mo-de'-um, stom-6-de'-um) 

Stomoxyidae (sto-moks'-i-de) 

strabismus (strab-iz'-mus) 

stramineous (stram-in'-e-us) 

Stratiomyidae (strat-i-6-mi'-i-de) 

Stratiotes* (strat-i-6'-tez) 

stratum (stra/-tum, pi. stra'-ta) 

Strebla (streb'-la) 

Strelitzia* (strel-itz'-i-a) 

Strepsiceros (strep-sis'-er-os) 

Strepsiptera (strep-sip'-ter-a) 

Streptanthus* (strep-tan'-thus) 

Streptopelia (strep-to-pe'-li-a) 

Streptopus* (strep'-top-us, strep'-to-pus) 

Streptosolen* (strep-tos-o'-len) 

striatus (stri-a/-tus) striped, having faint parallel 

ridges or lines. 
strictus (strik'-tus) drawn tight, pressed together. 
striga (strl'-ga, pi. strl'-je) 
strigatus (strig-a'-tus) furrowed. 
Striges (stri'-jez) 
Strigidae (stij'-i-de) 
Strigilia* (strij-il'-i-a) 
strigilis (strij'-il-is) 

strigosus (strig-o'-sus) lean, thin, meager. 
striola (strl-ol'-a) 
Strix (striks) 



284 STROBILA 

strobila (strob'-i-la, stro-bi'-la) 

Strobilanthes* (strob-il-an'-thez) 

strobile (strob'-il, strob'-il) 

Strobilorachis* (strob-il-or'-ak-is) 

strobilus (strob'-i-lus, pi. strob'-i-le) 

Strobus* (strob'-us, stro'-bus) 

Stromatopora (stro-ma-top'-o-ra) 

Strophostyles* (strof-o-sti'-lez) 

struma (stru'-ma) 

strumatus (stru-ma'-tus) with tumors. 

strumosus (stru-mo'-sus) scrofulous, swellen. 

Struthio (stru'-thi-o) 

Struthiomimus (strii-thi-o-mim'-us) 

Struthium (strti'-thi-um) 

strychnine (strik'-nin) 

Strychnos* (strik'-nos) 

Strymon (strl'-mon) 

stupulosus (stu-pu-lo'-sus) covered with fine, short 

hairs. 
Stylandra* (stl-lan'-dra) 
Stylocline* (stl-lok-ll'-ne) 
Stylolepis* (stl-lor-ep-is) 
Stylonychia (sti-lo-nik'-i-a) 
Stylophorum* (sti-lof'-or-um) 
Stylopidae (stl-lop'-id-e) 
Stylosanthes* (sti-los-an'-thez) 
Styphelia* (stif-el'-i-a) 
styraciflua (stir-ak-if'-lu-a) 

Styracosaurus (stir-rak-o-so'-rus, stl-rak-o-so'-rus) 
Styrax* (stir'-aks, sti'-raks) 
Suaeda* (su-e'-da, swe'-da) 



SUAVEOLENS 285 

suaveolens (swa-ve'-o-lenz) sweet-scented, fra- 
grant. 

subaerial (sub-a-e'-ri-al) 

subanconeus (sub-ang-kon'-e-us) 

Suber* (su'-ber) 

suberectus (sub-e-rek'-tus) raised up. 

suberin (su'-ber-in) 

Suberites (su-ber-f-tez) 

suberosus (sub-e-ro'-sus) corky in texture. 

subitus (sub'-i-tus) sudden, unexpected. 

submersus (sub-mer'-sus) submerged, plunged 
under water. 

subruficollis (sub-ru-fi'-kol-is) red under the neck. 

subsequus (sub-se'-kwu-us) 

subsidence (sub-sid'-ens, sub'-si-dens) 

substratum (sub-stra/-tum) 

subterraneus (sub-ter-a/-ne-us) beneath the 
ground. 

Subularia* (su-bu-la'-ri-a) 

subulate (su'-bu-lat) 

subulatus (su-bu-la/-tus) awl-like, thread-like and 
tapering to a fine point. 

subulicorn (su'-bu-li-korn) 

Succisa* (suk-sl'-sa) 

succisus (suk-sis'-us) cut off, imasculated, made 
powerless. 

Sueda* (swa/-da) 

suffocatus (suf-o-ka'-tus) suffocated, strangled. 

suffruticose (suf-ru'-ti-kos) 

suinus (su-In'-us) belonging to swine. 

sula (su'-la) 

sulphurea (sul-fur'-e-a) 



286 SUMAC 

sumac (sti'-mak, shoo'-mak) 

Sunipia* (su-ni'-pi-a) 

supinator (su-pi-na/-tor) 

supine (su'-pln) 

supinus (sup-In'-us) lying on the back, bent back. 

surculaceus (sur-ku-la/-se-us) woody, like wood. 

surculatus (sur-kii-la'-tus) trimmed, pruned. 

surculose (sur'-ku-los) 

surculosus (sur-ku-lo'-sus) woody, like wood. 

Suriana* (su-ri-a/-na) 

Suricata (su-ri-ka'-ta) 

Surinam (su'-ri-nam) 

Surnia (sur'-ni-a) 

Sus (sus) 

Susarium* (sG-sar'-i-um) 

Sutrina* (su-tri'-na) 

suturalis (sut-ii-ra/-lis) pertaining to a seam. 

Swertia* (swer'-ti-a) 

sycon (si'kon) 

syconium (sl-ko'-ni-um) 

Syctodes (sik-to'-dez) 

sylvaticus (sil-va/-ti-kus) growing in woods. 

Sylvicapra (sil-vi-kap'-ra) 

Sylviidae (sil-vl'-i-de) 

symbiosis (sim-bl-o'-sis) 

symbiotic (sim-bl-ot'-ik) 

Symphachne* (sim-fak'-ne) 

Sympherobiidae (sim-fe-ro-bl'-i-de) 

Symphoricarpus* (sim-fo-ri-kar'-pus) 

Symphyandra* (sim-fi-an'-dra) 

Symphyla (sim'-fi-la) 

symphysis (sim'-fi-sis) 



SYMPHYTUM 287 

Symphytum* (sim'-fit-um) 
Sympieza* (sim-pi-ez'-a, sim-pi-ez'-a) 
Symplocarpus* (sim-plok-ar'-pus) 
Symplocos* (sim'-plok-os) 
Synandra* (sin-an'-dra) 
synapse (sin-aps') 
synapsis (sin-ap'-sis) 
Synaptomys (sin-ap'-to-mis) 
Synarrhena* (sin-ar'-ren-a) 
Syncarida (sin-kar'-id-a) 
Synceros (sin'-se-ros) 
synconium (sin-ko'-ni-um) 
syncytium, (sin-sish'-i-um, sin-sit'-i-um) 
syndesis (sin-de'-sis) 
synergid (sin-er'-jid) 
Synetheres (sin-eth'-e-rez) 
Syngenesia* (sin-jen-es'-i-a) 
Syngonium* (sing-o'-ni-um) 
synhesma (sin-hes'-ma) 
Synlestidae (sin-les'-ti-de) 
synoekete (sin-e-ket') 
Synsiphon* (sin'-sif-on) 
Syntelia (sin-te'-li-a) 
syntenosis (sin-te-no'-sis) 
Synthliboramphus (sin-thli-bo-ram'-fus) 
Synthyris* (sin-thl'-ris, sin'-thi-rus) 
Syntoechus (sin-te'-kus) 
Syntrichopappus* (sin-trik-6-pap'-us) 
Syringa* (sl-rin'-ga, si-ring'-a) 
syrinx (sir'-ingks, pi. sir'-in-jez) 
Syrphidae (sur'-fi-de) 
Syrrhaptes (sir-rap'-tez) 



288 SYSSARCOSIS 

syssarcosis (sis-ar-ko'-sis) 

systemic (sis-te'-mik, sis-tem'-ik) 

Systena (sis'-te-na) 

systole (sis'-to-le) 

sistylus (sis-ti'-lus) with styles together. 

Syzygium* (siz-ij'-i-um) 



tabaccarius (tab-ak-a/-ri-us) pertaining to tobacco; 

also, a pipe for smoking. 
tabacinus (tab-as'-i-nus) 
Tabanidae (tab-an'-i-de) 
Tabanus (tab-a'-nus) 
Tabebuia* (tab-eb-u'-i-a, ta-be-bu-l'-a) 
tabescens (ta-bes'-enz) decaying, wasting, away. 
tabidus (ta'-bid-us) decaying, corrupting. 
Tachibaptes (tak-i-bap'-tez) 
Tachina (ta/-kin-a) 
Tachinidae (ta-kin'-i-de) 
Tachycineta (tak-i-sin-et'-a) 
Tachyporus (tak-ip'-or-us) 
Tadarida (ta-da'-ri-da) 
Taenia (te'-ni-a) 
taeniatus (te-ni-a'-tus) banded. 
taeniiform (te-ni'-i-form) 
Tagelus (ta'-je-lus) 
Tagetes (ta-je'-tez) 
taiga (ti'-ga) 
Talegallus (tal-e-gal'-us) 
Talinopsis* (tal-in-ops'-is) 
Talinum* (tal-i'-num) 
Talpa (tal'-pa) 



TAMANDUA 289 

Tamandua (tam-an'-du-a) 

Tamarindus* (tam-ar-in'-dus) 

Tamarix* (tam'-ar-iks) 

Tamias (ta'-mi-as) 

Tamus* (ta'-mus) 

tanacetifolius (tan-a-se-ti-fol'-i-us, tan-a-se-ti-fo'- 

li-us) tansy-leafed. 
Tanacetum* (tan-a-se'-tum) 
Tanaecium (ta-ne'-si-um) 
Tanais (ta-na'-is) 
Tangavius (tan-ga'-vi-us) 
Tantilla (tan-te'-ya) 
Tanypus (tan'-ip-us) 
Tapacolas (tap-a-kol'-as) 
tapetum (tap-et'-um) 
Taphonycteris (taf-6-nik'-ter-is) 
Taphozous (taf'-o-zo'-us) 
Taphrina* (taf-ri'-na) 
Tapinoma (tap-i-no'-ma) 
tapir (tap'-er) 
Tapirus (tap'-ir-us) 
Tapogomea* (ta-pog-6'-me-a) 
tarandrus (tar-an'-drus) an animal of northern 

countries. 
Taraxacum* (tar-ak'-sa-kum) 
Tardigrada (tar-dig'-rad-a) 
Tarenna* (tar-en'-a) 
Tarsipes (tar'-si-pez) 
Tarsius (tar'-si-us) 
Tarsonemus (tar-so-ne'-mus) 
Tasmania* (tas-man'-i-a) 
Tatarida (ta-tar'-id-a) 



290 TATUSIA 

Tatusia (ta-tu'-si-a) 

Taurotragus (to-ro-trag'-us) 

Taxidea (tak-sid'-e-a) 

Taxodium* (tak-so'-di-um) 

Taxus* (tak'-sus) 

Tchitrea (chi'-tre-a) 

Tecoma* (te-ko'-ma, tek-6'-ma) 

tectorum (tek-to'-rum) of a roof, of a cover. 

tegenaria (tej-e-na/-ri-a) 

tegens (te'-jenz) covering. 

tegula (teg'-u-la) 

tegumen (teg'-u-men) 

Teiidae (te'-i-de) 

Teius (te'-us) 

Telamona (tel-am-on'-a) 

Telea (te'-le-a) 

Telenomus (te-len'-o-mus, tel-en'-om-us) 

teleology (tel-e-ol'-o-ji, te-le-ol'-6-ji) 

Telephorus (tel-ef'-6r-us) 

Telipogon* (te-lip-o'-gon) 

telium (te'-li-um, tel'-i-um) 

Tellina (te-li'-na) 

Telmatodytes (tel-mat-o-di'-tez) 

telolecithal (tel-o-les'-ith-al) 

Telopea* (te-lo'-pe-a) 

telophase (tel'-o-faz) 

telotarsus (tel-o-tar'-sus) 

Telphusa (tel-fu'-sa) 

telum (te'-lum) a weapon, a missle. 

temulentus (te-mu-len'-tus) drunk, inebriated. 

Temenuchus (tem-e-nu'-kus) 

temperature (tem'-per-a-tur) 



TENACULUM 291 

tenaculum (ten-ak'-u-lum) 

Tenaga (ten-a'-ga) 

Tenaris* (te'-nar-is) 

tenax (ten'-aks) holding fast, tight, firm. 

Tendana* (ten-da'-na) 

Tenebrionidae (te-neb-ri-on'-i-de) 

tenebrosus (ten-e-bro'-sus) dark, gloomy. 

tenellus (ten-el'-us) somewhat tender or delicate. 

teneral (ten'-er-al) 

Tenodera (ten-od'-er-a) 

Tenthredo* (ten-thre'-do) 

tentorium (ten-to'-ri-um) 

tenuiflorus (ten-u-i-flo'-rus) thin-flowered, weak- 
flowered, slender-flowered. 

tenuifolius (ten-u-i-fol'-i-us, ten-u-i-fo'-li-us) thin- 
or weak-leafed, slender-leaved. 

tenuipes (ten-ii'-i-pez) weak-footed. 

tenuis (ten'-u-is) thin, lank; also, weak. 

tenuissimus (ten-u-is'-i-mus) most weak or thin. 

tepal (tep'al) 

Tephroclamys (tef-rok'-lam-is) 

Tephritis (tef-rlt'-is) 

Tephroclystis (tef-ro-klis'-tis) 

tephrosanthus (tef-ros-an'-thus) with ash-colored 
flowers. 

Tephrosia* (tef-ro'-shi-a, tef-ro'-si-a) 

Teracolus (ter-ak'-ol-us) 

Terapene (ter-a-pe'-ne) 

Teras (te'-ras) 

Terathopius (ter-a-tho'-pi-us) 

Terebra (ter'-eb-ra) 

Teredo (ter-e'-do) 



292 TEREKIA 

Terekia (ter-ek'-i-a) 

teres (te'-rez) 

terete (te-ret', ter'et) 

Teretistris (ter-et-is'-tris) 

teretiusculus (ter-et-i-us'-ku-lus) almost smooth, 

well-rounded, cylindrical. 
tergesus (ter'-ges-us) polished, 
tergite (ter'-jlt, ter'-glt) 
tergum (ter'-gum, ter'-gum) 
Terminalia* (ter-min-a/-li-a) 
Termitidae (ter-mit'-i-de) 
Termitoxeniidae (ter-mit-o-zen-l'-i-de) 
Ternatea* (ter-na/-te-a) 
ternatus (ter-na/-tus) consisting of three, 
ternipes (ter'-ni-pez) 
Ternstroemia* (tern-stre'-mi-a) 
Terpsiphone (terp-si-fo'-ne) 
terrestris (ter-es'-tris) belonging to the earth. 
Tertiary (ter'-shi-a-ri) 
Tesia (te'shi-a, te'si-a) 
tesotus (tes-o'-tus) stiff, hard, firm. 
Tessaria* (tes-a'-ri-a) 

tesselatus (tes-el'-a-tus) of small stone, checkered. 
Tetanocera (tet-an-os'-er-a) 
teter (te'-ter) offensive, foul, loathsome. 
Tethys (te'-this) 
Tetrabelodon (tet-ra-bel'-6-don) 
Tetracera* (tet-ras'-er-a) 
Tetracha (tet'-ra-ka) 
Tetragonia* (tet-ra-go'-ni-a) 
Tetragonotheca* (tet-rag-o-noth-e'-ka) 
tetragonum (tet-ra-go'-num) a quadrangle. 



TETRALIX 293 

Tetralix* (tet'ral-iks) 
Tetramera (tet-ram'-e-ra) 
Tetranychus (tet-ran'-i-kus) 
tetrancistus (tet-ran-sis'-tus) 
Tetrandrus (tet-ran'-drus) 
Tetrao (tet'-ra-o) 
Tetraogallus (tet-ra-o-gal'-us) 
Tetraoperdix (tet-ra-6-per'-diks) 
Tetrapanax* (tet-rap'-an-aks) 
tetraploidy (tet'-ra-ploy'-di) 
Tetrapogon* (tet-rap-o'-gon) 
tetraspermus (tet-ra-sper'-mus) four-seeded. 
Tetrastichidae (tet-ra-stik'-i-de) 
Tetrastichus (tet-ra'-stik-us) 
Tetrix (te'-triks) 
Tettigidae (tet-ij'-i-de) 
Tettigoniidae (tet-i-gon-l'-i-de) 
Teucrium* (tu'-kri-um) 
thalamus (thal'-a-mus) 
Thalarctos (thal-ark'-tos) 
Thalasseus (thal-as'-e-us) 
Thalassochelys (thal-a-sok'-el-is) 
Thalia* (tha'-li-a) 
Thalictrum* (thal-ik'-trum) 
thalassoid (thal-as'-oyd) 
Thallophyta (thal-of'-ita) 
Thamnophis* (tham'-no-fis) 
Thamnosma* (tham-nos'-ma, tham-noz'-ma) 
Thanasimus (than-as'-im-us) 
Thanatus (than'-a-tus) 

thlaspiformis (thla-spi-for'-mis) of the form of 
Thlaspi. 



294 THARUS 

tharus (tha'-rus) 
Thaspium* (thas'-pi-um) 
Thaumatoxenidae (tho-mat-o-zen'-i-de) 
Thea* (the'-a) 
Theca* (thek'-a) 
theca (the'-ka) 
Thecla (thek'-la) 
Thecophora (the-kof -6-ra) 
Thecostele* (the-kos-te'-le) 
Thelephora* (the-lef'-6r-a) 
Thelesperma* (the-les-sper'-ma) 
Thelocactus* (thel-o-kak'-tus) 
Thelphusa (thel-fu'-sa) 
Thelygonum* (the-lig'-on-um) 
Thelymitra (the-lim-l'-tra) 
Thelyphonus (the-lif-6-nus) 
Thelypodium* (the-li-pod'-i-um) 
Thelypogon* (the-lip-o'-gon) 
Themistoclesia (them-is-tok-le'-si-a) 
thenal (the'-nal) 
thenar (the'-nar) 
Theobroma* (the-6-bro'-ma) 
Theraphosa (ther-a-fo'-sa) 
Theraphosidae (ther-a-fos'-i-de) 
therapod (the'-ra-pod) 
Thereva (ther-ev'-a, ther'-e-va) 
Therevidae ( the-rev'-i-de) 
Theridium (the-rid'-i-um) 
Therina (the-rl'-na) 
theriodonta (the-ri-o-don'-ta) 
Thermesia (ther-me'-shi-a, ther-me'-si-a) 
therophyte (ther'-o-fit) 



THESIUM 295 

Thesium* (the'-shi-um, the'-si-um) 

thesocytes (the'-so-sits) 

Thespesia* (thes-pe'-shi-a, thes-pes'-ia) 

Thetomys (thet'-o-mis) 

Thevetia* (the-ve'-shi-a, the-ve'-ti-a) 

thigmotropism (thig-mot'-ro-pizm) 

thinobates (thin-o-ba'-tez) 

Thinocoridae (thln-o-kor'-i-de) 

Thinocorus (thln-ok'-6-rus) 

thinophyte (thln'-o-flt) 

Thinopus (thin'-o-pus) 

Thiobacteria* (thi-o-bak-te'-ri-a) 

Thlaspi* (thlas'-pl) 

Thoe (tho'-e) 

Thomomys (tho'-mo-mis) 

thorax (tho'-raks, pi. tho'-ra-sez) 

Thos (thos) 

Threskiornis (thres-ki-or'-nis, thres-ki-6r'-nis) 

Thrinax* (thri'-naks) 

Thrincia* (thrin'-shi-a, thrin'-si-a) 

Throscus (thros'-kus) 

Thryallis* (thri-al'-is) 

Thryomanes (thrl-o-man'-ez) 

Thryospiza (thrl-o-spl'-za) 

Thryothorus (thrl-oth'-o-rus) 

Thuja* (thu'-ja) 

Thujopsis* (thu-jop'-sis) 

Thunbergia* (thun-ber'-gi-a) 

Thuya* (thii'-ya) 

thylacine (thi'-la-sin) 

Thylacinus (thi-las'-i-nus) 

Thylacynus (thi-las'-i-nus) 



296 THYLOGALE 

Thylogale (thl-log'-al-e) 

Thymallus (thi-mal'-us) 

Thymus* (thl'-mus) 

Thynnidae (thin'-i-de) 

Thyone (thl'-o-ne) 

Thyreocoris (thl-re-ok'-or-is) 

Thyreus (thi'-re-us) 

Thyridopteryx (thl-rid-op'-ter-iks) 

Thyroptera (thl-rop'-ter-a) 

thyrsiflorus (ther-si-flo'-rus) with flowers arranged 

in a thyrsis or contracted panicle, 
thyrsus (ther'sus) 
Thysanocarpus* (thl-sa-no-kar'-pus, this-an-6- 

kar'-pus) 
Thysanoptera (thl-sa-nop'-ter-a, thi-sa-nop'-ter-a) 
Thysanura (thi-sa-nti'-ra, thi-sa-nu'-ra) 
Tiarella* (ti-a-rel'-a) 
tiburon (ti-bu-ron') 
Tichodroma (ti-kod'-ro-ma) 
Tichosurus (tl-kos'-ur-us) 
tige (tlj) 

Tigridia* (tl-grid'-i-a) 
Tigrisoma (tl-gri-so'-ma) 
Tilia* (til'-i-a) 
Tillandsia* (til-and'-si-a) 
Timalia* (tl-ma'-li-a) 
Timelia (tl-me'-li-a) 
Tinamus (tin'-a-mus) 
tinctorius (tink-to'-ri-us) belonging to dyeing; also, 

blood-thirsty. 
Tinea (tin'-e-a) 
Tineidae (ti-ne'-i-de) 



TINEINA 297 

Tineina* (tin-e-i'-na) 

Tingidae (tin'-ji-de) 

Tingis (tin'-jis) 

Tintinnus (tin-tin'-us) 

tinus (ti'-nus) a plant, prob., a Viburnum. 

Tiphia (tif'-i-a) 

Tiphiidae (tif-l'-i-de) 

Tipularia* (tip-u-la/-ri-a, tip-ul-a'-ri-a) 

Tithonia* (ti-tho'-ni-a) 

Tithymalus* (tith-im'-al-us) 

Titragyne* (tit-raj '-in-e) 

Tobira* (tob-I'-ra) 

Tococa* (tok-o'-ka) 

Todea* (to'-de-a) 

Todirostrum (to-di-ros'-trum) 

tokostome (tok'-os-tom) 

Tolmiea* (tol-me'-a) 

Tolypeutes (tol-i-pu'-tez) 

tomentosus (to-men-to'-sus) full of matted hairs, 

covered with matted hairs, 
tomentum (to-men'-tum) 
Tomeutes (tom-u'-tez) 
Tomex* (to'-meks) 
Tomicus* (tom'-ik-us) 
Tomistoma (tom-is'-to-ma) 
tomium (to'-mi-um) 
Tomocerus (tom-os'-er-us) 
Tomoxia (tom-oks'-ia) 
tonotaxis (ton-o-taks'-is) 
topotype (top'-o-tlp) 
Tordylium* (tor-di'-li-um) 
torminalis (tor-mi-na'-lis) good against colic. 



298 



TOROSUS 



torosus (tor-o'-sus) full of muscle, lusty. 
tortilis (tor'-til-is) twisted, twined, winding. 
tortoise (tor'-tus, tor'-tis) 
Tortricidae (tor-tris'-i-de) 
Totanus (tot'-a-nus) 
totipotent (tot-ip'-ot-ent) 
towhee (tou'-he; to'-he) 
Toxostoma (toks-os'-to-ma) 




W0ir\^^— — - — ->» 

Toxostoma <Gr. toxon, a bow+sloma, mouth. Generic name of many of the 
Thrashers which have bowed beaks. Pronounced: toks-ost'-6m-a. 



trabecula (trab-ek'-u-la) 
trachea (trak-e'-a, tra/-ke-a) 
Trachelas (trak-e'-las) 
Trachelipoda (trak-e-lip'-6-da) 
Trachelium* (tra-ke'-li-um) 
Trachelospermum* (tra-kel-os-per'-mum) 
Trachinus (tra-kl'-nus) 
Trachymene* (trak-i-me'-ne) 
trachyodon (trak-i'-6-don) with rough teeth. 
Tradescantia* (tra-des-kan'-shi-a, tra-des-kan'- 
ti-a) 



TRAGANUM 299 

Traganum* (tra'-gan-um) 

Tragelaphus (tra-jel'-a-fus) 

Tragia* (traj'-i-a) 

Tragopan (trag'-o-pan) 

Tragopogon (trag-o-po'-gon) 

Tragulina (trag-u-ll'-na) 

Tragulus (trag'-u-lus) 

tragus (tra'-gus) 

Trametes* (tra'-met-ez) 

Trapa* (tra/-pa, trap'-a) 

Trema (tre'-ma) 

Tremarctos (tre-mark'-tos) 

Trematoda (tre-ma-tod'-a, trem-a-tod'-a) 

Tremex (tre'-meks) 

tremulus (trem'-u-lus) trembling, that which 

causes one to tremble. 
Treron (tre'-ron, tre'-ron) 
triandrus (trl-an'-drus) three-anthered. 
Triblemma (trib-lem'-a) 
Tribolium (trib-or-i-um) 
Triboloceratidae (trib-6-lo-se-rat'-i-de) 
Trichomonas (tri-kom'-6-nas) 
triboluminescence (trib-o-loo-min-es'-ens) 
Tribonyx (trib'-o-niks) 
Tribrachium* (tri-brak'-i-um) 
Tribulus* (trib'-ul-us) 
Tricantha* (trik-an'-tha) 
Triceratops (tri-ser'-a-tops) 
Trichachne* (trl-kak'-ne) 
trichas (trl'-kas) a thrush. 
Trichechus (trik'-e-kus) 
trichidium (trik-id'-i-um) 
Trichilia* (trik-il'-i-a) 



300 TRICHURIASIS 

trichuriasis (trik-in-l'-as-is) 

Trichobius (trik-ob'-i-us) 

Trichodectidae (trik-6-dek'-ti-de) 

trichoides (trik-o-l'-dez) hair-like. 

Tricholaena* (trik-6-len'-a) 

Trichomanes* (trik-om'-a-nez) 

Trichomonas (trik-om'-6-nas) 

Trichonema* (trik-o-ne'-ma) 

Trichoplusia (trik-op-lu'-si-a) 

trichopes (trik'-6-pez) hairy-footed. 

Trichopoda (trik-op'-6d-a) 

Trichopteryx (trik-op'-ter-iks) 

Trichoptilum* (trik-op-ti'-li-um) 

Trichosanthes* (trik-os-an'-thez) 

Trichostema* (trik'-o-ste-ma) 

Trichosurus (trik-os'-ur-us) 

trichotomous (trl-kot'-o-mus) 

tricolor (trik'-ul-or) three-colored. 

tricornis (trik-or'-nis) three-horned. 

Tricyrtis* (trl-sir'-tis) 

tridens (trid'-enz) 

tridentatus (trid-en-ta'-tus) three-toothed. 

Tridymus (trid'-i-mus) 

Trientalis* (tri-en-ta'-lis) 

Triepeolus (tri-ep-e'-o-lus) 

trifarious (trif-a'ri-us) 

triferous (trif'-er-us) 

trifid (trif'-id) 

trifidus (trif'-i-dus) cut into three parts. 

trifoliate (trl-fo'-li-at) 

Trifolium* (trif-or~i-um, trl-fo'-li-um) 

trifurcus (trif-ur'-kus) three-forked. 



TRIGAMY 



301 



Trifolium <L. trifolium, trefoil, a "three leaved 
grass" <tri (Gr. tris) three times+/oJtM7w, leaf. 
Pronounced: trif-ol'-i-um. Often pronounced 
trl-fo'-li-um. 




trigamy (trig'-a-mi) 

Triglochin* (trig-lo'-kin) 

Triglossum* (trig-lo'-sum, trl-glo'-sum) 

triglumis (trl-glum'-is) with three glumes. 

Trigonella (trig-6-ner-a) 

trigonal (trig'-o-nal) 

trigone (trl'-gon, trl'-gon) 

Trigonia (trig-o'-ni-a) 

Trigonocephalus (trig-6-no-sef'-al-us) 

trigonophyllus (trig-o-no-fiT-us) three-angled leaf. 

trigynus (trij'-i-nus) three-pistiled. 

trilineata (tril-i-ne-a/-ta) 

Trilisa* (tril'-i-sa) 

trima (trl'-ma) 

Trimeresurus (trim-er-e-su'-rus) 

trimerous (trim'-er-us) 

trimestris (trim-es'-tris) 

Trimorphodon (trl-morf'-o-don) 

trinervis (trl-ner'-vis) three-nerved. 

Trinia* (trl'-ni-a) 

Trinoton (trl-no'-ton) 



302 TRIODIA 

Triodia* (tri-o'-di-a, tri-od'-i-a) 
Triodytes (tri-o-dl'-tez) 
Trionyx (tri'-o-niks) 
Triops (tri'-ops) 
Triopteris* (trl-op'-ter-is) 
Triosteum* (tri-os'-te-um) 

tripartitus (tri-par-tl'-tus) divided into three parts. 
Tripetalus* (trip-et'-al-us) 
triphyllus (trif-il'-us) three-leaved. 
Tripidae (trip'-i-de) 
Triplaris* (trip-la'-ris) 
Triplasis* (trip-las'-is) 
triploid (trip'-loyd) 
Triplopus (trip'-16-pus) 
triplostichous (trip-los'-tik-us) 
tripodalis (trip-od-a/-lis) 
Triprocris (trip'-rok'-ris) 
Tripsacum* (trip'-sa-kum) 

triquetrus (trl-kwe'-trus, trl-kwet'-rus) three- 
angled. 
Trisetum* (tris-e'-tum, trl-se'-tum) 
Tristania* (tris-ta'-ni-a) 
tristis (tris'-tis) dejected, miserable, 
tristyly (trl-stl'-li) 

trisulcus (tris-ul'-kus) three-pointed, triple. 
Triteleia* (trit-el-i'-a) 
Triteleiopsis* (trit-el-I-ops'-is) 
Triticum* (trit'-i-kum, trl'-tik-um) 
Tritoma* (trit'-o-ma) 
Triton (tri'-ton) 
Tritonia* (trl-to'-ni-a) 
Triturus (trit-u'-rus) 



TRIUMPHANS 303 

triumphans (tri-um'-fanz) 

triungulin (trl-ung'-gu-lin) 

Triuris* (tri-u'-ris) 

trivialis (triv-i-a'-lis) common, ordinary, found 

everywhere. 
Trixoscelis (triks-os'-sel-is) 
trochanter (tro-kan'-ter) 
Trochelminthez (trok-hel-min'-thez) 
Trochilus (trok'-il-us) 
trochlear (trok'-le-ar) 
Trochocarpa (trok-6-kar'-pa) 
trochophore (trok'-o-for) 
Trochotoma (trok-ot'-6-ma) 
Trochus (tro'-kus) 
Troctes (trok'-tez) 
Trogidae (troj'-i-de) 
Troglodytes (trog-lo-di'-tez, trog-lod'-i-tez, trog- 

16-dl'-tez) 
Trogoderma (tro-go-der'-ma) 
trogon (tro'-gon) 
Trogosita (tro-go-sl'-ta) 
troilus (tro'-i-lus) 
Trollius* (trol'-i-us) 
Trombidium (trom-bi'-di-um) 
Tropaeolum* (tro-pe'-ol-um) 
Trophianthus* (trof-i-an'-thus) 
trophobiosis (trof-o-bl'-o-sis) 
trophozoite (trof-o-zo'-it) 
Tropidia* (trop-id'-i-a) 
Tropidocarpum* (trop-id-o-kar'-pum) 
Tropidoclonion (trop-id-o-klon'-i-on) 
Tropidopria (trop-id-o'-pri-a) 



304 TROPIDODIPSAS 




Tropidocarpum <Gr. tropis, genit. tropidos, the keel of 
a ship-f- karpos, fruit. The initial o is short. Pronounced: 
trop-id-6-kar'-pum, not tro-pid-o-kar'-pum. 



Tropidodipsas (trop-id-6-dips'-as) 

Tropidonotus (trop-id-6-no'-tus) 

tropism (tro'-pizm) 

tropophyte (trop'-6-flt) 

tropotaxis (trop-o-tak'-sis) 

Trox (troks) 

Troximon* (troks'-i-mon) 

Trutta (trut'-a) 

Trygon (trl'-gon) 

tryma (tir'-ma) 

Trypanosoma (trip-a-no-so'-ma) 

trypanosome (trip-an'-6-som) 

Trypeta (trl-pet'-a) 

Trypetidae (tri-pet'-i-de) 

Trypoxylon (tri-pok'-si-lon) 

Tsuga* (tsu'-ga) 

tuberosus (tu-be-ro'-sus) full of humps. 

tubula (tub'-u-la) a small trumpet. 

Tubularia (tub-u-la'-ri-a) 

Tulipa* (tu'-lip-a) 

Tumboa* (tum'-bo-a) 



TUMESCENT 305 

tumescent (tu-mes'-ent) 

Tunga (tun'-ga) 

Tupaia (tu-pa'-ya) 

Tupinambis (tup-i-nam'-bis) 

Turacus (tti'-ra-kus) 

Turbellaria (tur-bel-a'-ri-a) 

Turdoides (tur-do-i'-dez) 

Turdus (tur'-dus) 

turgescent (tur-jes'-ent) 

turgid (tur'-jid) 

turgor (tur'-gor) 

Turritis* (tur-l'-tis) 

Tursiops (tiir'si-ops) 

Tussilago* (tus-i-la/-go) 

tylarus (til'-a-rus) 

Tyloglossa* (ti-log-los'-a, tl-log-lo'-sa) 

tylosis (ti-lo'-sis) 

tylosurus (tl-lo-su'-rus) 

tylote (tl'-lot) 

Tympanuchus (tim-pa-nu'-kus) 

tympanum (tim'-pan-um) 

Typha* (tl'fa) 

Typhlocyba* tif-lok-i'-ba) 

Typhlops (tif'-lops) 

typhlosole (tif -16-sol) 

Typhlotriton (tif-lo-trl'-ton) 

Typhonium* (tl-fo'-ni-um) 

Tyrannosaurus (ti-ran-o-so'-rus) 

Tyrannus (tl-ran'-us) 

Tyroglyphus (tl-rog'-li-fus) 

Tyto (ti'-to) 



306 UBERICOLOR 

u 

ubericolor (ub-er-i'-ku-lor) rich in color. 

Uca (oo'-ka) 

Udora* (ud-o'-ra) 

uletic (u-let'-ik) 

Ulex* (u'-leks) 

uliginose (u-lij'-i-nos) 

uliginosus (u-lij-i-no'-sus) wet, full of moisture. 

Ulmus* (ul'-mus) 

ulnare (ul-na/-re) 

Uloboridae (u-lob-6r'-id-e) 

Uloborus (Q-lob'-or-us) 

Ulothrix (u'-16-thriks) 

Ulotrichi (u-lot'-rik-i) 

ulula (u'-lu-la) a screech-owl. 

Ululodes (ul-ul-6'-dez) 

Ulva* (ul'-va) 

Uma (Q'-ma) 

umbellatus (um-bel-a/-tus) umbelled, with umbels. 

Umbellularia* (um-bel-ul-a/-ri-a) 

umbilical (um-bi-li'-kal, um-bi'-li-kal) 

umbilicus (um-bi-li'-kus, um-bil'-i-kus) 

umbo (um'-bo, pi. um-bo'-nez) 

umbonal (um-bo'-nal, um'-bo-nal) 

umbrinus (um'-bri-nus) darkened, shady. 

umbrosus (um-bro'-sus) shady. 

Uncinula* (un-sin'-ul-a) 

uncus (ung'-kus) 

undatus (un-da'-tus) wavy. 

undosus (un-do'-sus) full of waves. 

undulatus (un-dul-a/-tus) wavy, full of waves. 

Unedo* (u'-ned-o) 



UNGNADIA 307 

Ungnadia* (un-gna'-di-a) 
unguiculate (un-gwik'-u-lat) 
unguligrade (ung'-u-li-grad) 
unicolor (u-nik'-ul-or) 

uniflorus (u-ni-flo'-rus) one or single-flowered. 
uniglumis (ii-ni-glum'-is) with a single glume, 
unijugate (Q-ni-jQ'-gat) 
Uniola*(u-ni'-6-la) 
Unisema* (u-nis-e'-ma) 
unisexual (u-nis-eks'-u-al) 
univalent (u-niv'-al-ent, un-i-val'-ent) 
Upupa (u'-pu-pa, u'-pu-pa) 
urachus (u'-rak-us) 
Uralepsis* (Q-ral-ep'-sis) 
Urauges (u-ro'-jez) 

urbanus (ur'-ba-nus) belonging to the city, re- 
fined, elegant, 
urbicus (ur'-bi-kus) belonging to the city. 
Urceolaria* (ur-se-ol-a'-ri-a) 
urceolate (ur'-se-6-lat) 
Urceolina* (ur-se-ol'-in-a, ur-se-6-li'-na) 
urceus (ur'-se-us) a pitcher, 
uredinia (u-red-i'-ni-a) 
uredinous (u-red'-i-nus) 
uredospore (u-re'-do-spor) 
urens (u'-renz) burning, 
ureter (u-re'-ter) 
urethra (u-re'-thra) 
Urginea* (ur-jin'-e-a) 
Uria (u'-ri-a) 
Uroaetus (u-ro-a'-e-tus) 
Urochroa (u-rok'-ro-a) 



308 UROCICHLA 

Urocichla (u-ro-sikMa) 

Urocoptis (u-ro-kop'-tis) 

Urocyon (u-ros'-i-on) 

Urodela (u-ro-de'-la) 

Urogale (Q-rog'-a-le) 

Uromastix (Q-ro-mas'-tiks) 

Uromyces* (u-rom'-is-ez) 

Uromycladium* (u-ro-mi-kla'-di-um) 

Uroplates (u-ro-pla'-tez) 

Uropsilus (ii-rop'-si-lus) 

Urosaurus (u-ros'-or-us) 

Urospermum* (u-ros-per'-mum) 

Ursinia* (ur-sin'-i-a) 

Urtica* (ur-ti'-ka) 

Urubitinga (oo-roo-bi-tin'-ga) 

urubu (oo-roo-boo') 

Urvillea* (ur-vil'-e-a) 

usitatissimus (Q-si-ta-tis'-i-mus) most ordinary, 

very common. 
Usnea (us'-ne-a) 
Usofila (u-sof'-il-a) 
Ustilagnales (us-ti-lag-na'-lez) 
Ustilago (us-ti-la'-go) 

ustulatus (us-tu-la/-tus) burned, scorched. 
Uta (u'-ta) 

Utricularia* (tl-trik-u-la'-ri-a) 
uvula (u'-vu-la) 
Uvularia* (u-vu-la'-ri-a) 



Vaccinium* (vak-sin'-i-um, vak-si'-ni-um) 
vagans (vag'-anz) uncertain., wandering. 



VAGINA 



309 



vagina (vaj-l'-na) 

vaginal (vaj'-i-nal, vaj-l'-nal) 

vaginalis (vaj-in-al'-is) 

vaginatus (vaj-i-na'-tus) sheathed. 

Vaginularia* (vaj-i-nul-a'-ri-a) 

vagrant (va'-grant) 

Valdesia* (val-de'-shi-a, val-de'-si-a) 

Valeriana* (va-ler-i-a'-na) 

Valerianella* (va-ler-i-a-nel'-a) 




Vampyrum <Fr. vampire =G. vampyr. Generic name of the blood-sucking 
bats. Pronounced: vam'-pi-rum, not vam-pl'-rum. 

validus (val'-i-dus) strong, stout, vigorous. 
Vallisneria* (val-is-ne'-ri-a) 
Vallonia (val-on'-i-a) 
Vampyrum (vam'-pi-rum) 
Vanda* (van'-da) 
Vanellus (van-el'-us) 
vanessa (va-nes'-a) 
Vanquelina* (van-kwe-ll'-na) 
Varanus (var'-a-nus) 

varicosus (var-i-ko'-sus) full of dilated veins, 
variegatus (var-i-e-ga'-tus) of various colors, vari- 
ous, manifold. 



310 VARIUS 

varius (va'-ri-us) diverse, changing, mottled. 

Varonia* (va-ro'-ni-a) 

vas deferens (vas de'-fe-renz) 

vasectomy (vas-ek'-to-mi) 

velate (ve'-lat) 

velatus (ve-la/-tus) furnished with a veil. 

Velella (ve-lel'-a) 

velifer (ve'-li-fer) bearer of a veil. 

veliger (ve'-lij-er, vel'-ij-er) 

vellerosus (vel-er-o'-sus) full of fleece. 

Velozianum* (vel-6-zi-a/-num) 

velox (ve'-loks) swift-footed, quick. 

velum (ve'-lum) a covering, a curtain. 

velutinus (vel-u-tl'-nus) velvety, smooth. 

vena cava (ve'-na-ka/-va) 

venation (ven-a/-shun) 

venenatus (ven-e-na/-tus) poisonous. 

Venerupis (ven-e-ru'-pis) 

venetus (ven'-e-tus) sea-colored, bluish. 

Venidium* (ven-id'-i-um) 

Ventilago* (ven-til-a'-go) 

venule (ven r -ul) 

venulosus (ve-nul-o'-sus) full of small veins. 

venustus (ven-us'-tus) lovely, pleasing, graceful, 

elegant. 
Veratrum* (ve-ra'-trum) 
Verbascum* (ver-bas'-kum) 
Verbena* (ver-be'-na) 
Verbesina* (ver-bes-i'-na) 
verecundus (ver-e-kun'-dus) modest, shy. 
Veretillum (ver-e-til'-um) 
Vermes (ver'-mez) 



VERMICULATUS 311 

vermiculatus (ver-mik-ul-a/-tus) 

Vermivora (ver-miv'-or-a) 

vernalis (ver-na/-lis) of spring. 

vernicosus (ver-ni-ko'-sus) with surface appearing 
as if varnished. 

Vernonia* (ver-no'-ni-a) 

vernus (ver'-nus) of or belonging to spring. 

Veronica* (ve-ron'-i-ka, ver-on-i'-ka) 

verrucosus (ver-u-ko'-sus) full of warts. 

versabilis (ver-sa/-bi-lis) changeable, movable. 

versatilis (ver-sa/-til-is) able to be turned around, 
revolving, movable. 

versicolor (ver-sik'-ul-or) of various colors. 

vertagus (ver'-ta-gus) a gray-hound. 

vertebra (ver'-te-bra) 

vertebral (ver'-te-bral) 

verticil (ver'-ti-sil) 

verticillatus (ver-ti-sil-a/-tus) disposed in verticils, 
whorled. 

vesica (ve-sl'-ka, ves'-ik-a) 

Vesicaria* (ve-sl-ka/-ri-a, ves-ik-a/-ri-a) 

vesicarius (ve-si-ka'-ri-us) belonging to the blad- 
der, curing pain in the bladder. 

vespertine (ves'-per-tln) 

vespertinus (ves-per-tl'-nus) belonging to evening; 
also, western. 

Vespidae (ves'-pi-de) 

vestibular (ves-tib'-u-lar) 

vestigial (ves-tij'-i-al) 

vestitus (ves'-tit-us) dressed, attired. 

Vetiveria* (vet-i-ve'-ri-a) 

vexillarius (vex-il-a'-ri-us) like a flag. 



312 VEXILLUM 

vexillum (vek-sil'-um) 

vial (vi'-al) 

viaticus (vi-a/-ti-kus) belonging to a road. 

vibeks (vl'-beks) the mark of a blow, a stripe. 

Viburnum* (vl-bur'-num) 

Vicia* (vish'-i-a, vis'-i-a) 

vicinior (vis-in'-i-6r) 

Vidua (vid'-u-a) 

Viguiera* (vi-gwi-e'-ra) 

Vilfa* (vil'-fa) 

villosus (vil-o'-sus) hairy, rough, shaggy. 

vimen (vl'-men) a switch, an osier. 

viminalis (vim-i-na/-lis) bearing or belonging to 

twigs for wickerwork. 
Vinca* (ving'-ka) 
vinctus (ving'-tus) banded, 
vinealis (vi-ne-al'-is) of or belonging to vines. 
vinnulus (vin'-ul-us) delightful, sweet. 
Viola* (vi'-o-la) 

violaceus (vi-6-la/-se-us) violet-colored. 
Viorna* (vl-6r'-na) 
Vipionidae (vip-i-on'-i-de) 
virens (vir'-enz) becoming green, verdant. 
Vireo (vir'-e-o) 
virescens (vir-es'-senz) greenish, turning green, 

prospering. 
virescent (vir-es'-ent) 

virgatus (vir-ga'-tus) slender like a virga or rod. 
viridis (vir'-i-dis) green; also, vigorous, 
viridulus (vir-i'-du-lus) light green, somewhat 

green. 



VIROSUS 313 

virosus (vir-o'-sus) fond of men; also, full of slime, 
fetid, poisonous. 

virulent (vir'-u-lent) 

Viscacha (vis-ka/-cha) 

viscarius (vis-ka'-ri-us) bird-lime, slimy. 

viscosus (vis-ko'-sus) sticky, viscous. 

Viscum* (vis'-kum) 

visnaga (vis-na'-ga) 

vison (vi'-son) 

vitality (vl-tal'-i-ti) 

vitellin (vl-tel'-in) 

vitelline (vl-tel'-en) 

vitellus (vit-el'-us) 

Vitex* (vi'-teks) 

vitifolius (vl-ti-fol'-i-us, vi-ti-fo'-li-us) with vine- 
like leaves. 

Vitis* (vl'-tis) 

vitta (vlt'-a) a band. 

vittatus (vit-a'-tus) striped. 

vivax (vi'-vax) long-lived, tenacious of life; also, 
vivacious, lively. 

Viverra (viv-er'-ra, vl-ver'-a) 

Viverricula (viv-er-ik'-ul-a) 

Vivipara (vl-vip'-a-ra) 

viviparous (vl-vip'-a-rus) 

volador (vo '-la-dor) a flier. 

volans (vo'-lanz) flying. 

volitans (vol'-i-tanz) flying. 

volubilis (vol-u'-bi-lis) twining, able to climb. 

volucellus (vol-u-sel'-us) small-winged. 

volvaceus (vol-va'-se-us) covered by an external 
wrapper. 



314 VOLVOX 

Volvox (vol'-voks) 

Vombatus (vom'-bat-us) 

vulgaris (vul-ga/-ris) usual, common, common- 
place. 

vulgatus (vul-ga/-tus) generally known, ordinary. 

Vulpes (vul'-pez) 

vulpinus (vul-pl'-nus) of or belonging to a fox, fox- 
like. 

w 

Wallabia (wal-ab'-i-a) 
Wallacei (wol-a'-se-l) 
Weigela* (wi'-ge-la) 
Welwitschia* (wel-wit'-chi-a) 
Whipplea (whip'-le-a) 
Whitlavia* (whit-la/-vi-a) 
wislizeni (wis-liz-e'-nl) 
Wislizenia* (wis-li-ze'-ni-a) 
Wissadula* (wis-ad'-du-la) 
Wistaria* (wis-ta'-ri-a) 
Wyethia* (wi-eth'-i-a, wi-e'-thi-a) 



Xanthisma* (zan-this'-ma) 
Xanthium* (zan'-thi-um) 
Xanthocephalus (zan-tho-sef'-al-us) 
Xanthocoma* (zan-thok'-6m-a) 
Xantholaema (zan-tho-le'-ma) 
Xanthorrhiza* (zan-tho-rl'-za) 
Xanthorrhoea* (zan-tho-re'-a) 
Xanthosoma* (zan-tho-so'-ma) 
Xanthoxalis* (zan-thok'-sa-lis) 



XANTHOXYLUM 315 

Xanthoxylum* (zan-thok'-si-lum) 
Xantusia (zan-tu'-si-a) 
Xema (ze'-ma) 
xenoecic (zen-e'-sik) 
Xenophonta* (zen-of-on'-ta) 
Xenopsilla (zen-op-si'-la) 
Xeranthemum* (ze-ran'-the-mum) 
xeric (ze'-rik) 
xerochasy (ze-ro-ka'-si) 
Xerophyllum* (ze-ro-fil'-um) 
Xerophyta* (ze-rof'-it-a) 
xerophyte (ze'-rof-It) 
xerophyton (ze-rof-l'-ton) 
xeropoium (ze-rop-o'-i-um) 
xerosere (ze'-ros-er) 
Xestobium (zes-to'-bi-um) 
Ximenia* (zi-me'-ni-a) 
Xiphidium* (zif-id'-i-um) 
xiphihumeralis (zif-i-hu-mer-a/-lis) 
Xiphosura (zif-6s-u'-ra) 
Xyelidae (zl-el'-i-de) 
Xylaria* (zi-la'-ri-a) 
Xyleborus (zl-leb'-or-us) 
xylesthia (zi-les'-thi-a) 
Xyleutes (zl-lu'-tez) 
Xylia (zl'-li-a, zil'-i-a) 
Xylobium* (zi-lob'-i-um, zil-ob'-i-um) 
Xylocopa (zi-lok'-o-pa) 
Xylocopidae (zl-16-k6p'-i-de) 
Xylophagus (zl-lof'-ag-us) 
Xylophylla* (zi-lo-fi'-la) 
Xyrauchen (zi'-ro-ken) 



316 



XYRIS 




-MVD-, 



Xylocopa <Gr. xylos, wood+tomo, to 
cut. Generic name of the wood cutting 
bees. Pronounced: zl-lok'-o-pa, not 
zl-lo-ko'-pa. 



Xyris* (zl'-ris, zir'-is) 
Xysticus (zis'-ti-kus) 



yolk (yok, yolk) 

Yponomeutidae (ip-o-no-mut'-i-de) 
Yucca (yu'-ka) 



Zaglossus (zag-los'-us, zag-lo'-sus) 

Zaitha (za'-tha) 

Zalophus (zal'-o-fus) 

Zamenis (zam'-e-nis) 

Zamia (za'-mi-a) 

Zanclus (zang'-klus) 

Zanonia* (za-no'-ni-a) 

Zapus (za'-pus) 

Zea* (ze'-a) 

Zelotes (ze-lo'-tez) 

Zenobia* (zen-o'-bi-a) 

Zephyranthes* (zef-i-ran'-thez) 

zerda (zer'-da) 

Zeus (ze'-us) 

Zeuzera (zu-ze'-ra) 



Z EUZERIDAE M7 

Zeuzeridae (zu-zer'-i-de) 

Zibethailurus (zi-beth-al-u'-rus) 

zibethicus (zi-beth'-i-kus) 

Zingiber* (zin'-ji-ber) 

Ziphius (zif'-i-us) 

Zizania* (zi-za'-ni-a) 

Ziziphus* (ziz'-i-fus) 

zoarium (zo-a'-ri-um) 

Zodion (zo'-di-on) 

Zoea (zo-e'-a) 

zoecium (zo-e'-shi-um) 

zoehemera (zo-e-hem'-er-a) 

Zonotrichia (zo-no-trik'-i-a) 

Zonurus (zo-nu'-rus) 

zoology (zo-ol'-oj-i) 

Zoomastigina (zo-6-mas-ti-jl'-na) 

zoophilous (zo-of -i-lus) 

zootomy (zo-ot'-o-mi) 

Zoraptera (zor-ap'-te-ra) 

Zostera* (zos-te'-ra) 

Zoysia* (zoy'-si-a) 

Zygadenus (zl-gad'-e-nus, zig-ad-e'-nus) 

Zygogeomys (zi-go-je'-o-mis, zig-6-je-o'-mis) 

zygomorphic (zi-go-mor'-fik, zig-o-mor'-fic) 

zygospore (zi'-go-spor, zig'-6-spor) 

zygote (zi'-got) 

zymolysis (zi-mol'-is-is) 



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DIACRITICAL MARKS 



a 


as in ask 






T 


as in line 


a 


as in sofa 









as in bone 


a. 


as in bay 









shortened long 0. 


a 


as in far 






A 

o 


as in bore 


a 


as in father 






60 


as in hoof 


a 


shortened long 


a 




00 


as in brook 


e 


as in be 






u 


as in blue 


e 


shortened long 


e 




u 


shortened long u 


A 

e 


as in her 






A 

u 


as in urge 




' Princi 


pal 


accent