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Full text of "Boyer's French dictionary : comprising all the improvements of the latest Paris and London editions, with a large number of useful words and phrases, selected from the modern dictionaries of Boiste, Wailly, Catineau, and others with the pronunciation of each word, according to the dictinary of the Abb'e Tardy: to which are prefixed, Rules for the pronunciation of French vowels, dipthongs, and final consonants, collected from the prosody of the Abb'e D'Olivet, with a table of French verbs, &c"

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^S!f%^-— j^fe— ■ - '«^^2^ 

J^fif^C ^ 

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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1843, by 

Bewjamiit B. Mcsskt 

to Uie Clerk s Office of the District Court of the Distnct of Massachusetta. 


The twenty-fifth French edition, which is tlie basis of ours, contains above two thousand 
more words than the best English editions. It lias been our care to enrich this vocabulary 
with as many more words, and idiomatical phrases, selected from the most esteemed French 
Dictionaries, and in performing the laborious task of examining every word and definition, 
and comparing them with other dictionaries, we have been enabled to correct many thousana 
errors which had crept into former editions. In our vocabulary will be found every word 
contained in that of the Academy, with a great many olliers not received by them, although 
used by very respectable modern writers. There is filso a very large number of mercantile 
cuid nautical words and phrases, and many professional and scientifick terms, which often oc- 
cur in works not properly scientifick. 

The editor is aware that all rules for teaching the pronunciation of a language must be im- 
perfect ; but much assistance may undoubtedly l>e obtained in this way, and he trusts that the 
system of tlie Abbe Tardy, so justly celebrated, with the introductory remarks of the Abbe 
D'Olivet, will be found extremery useful. The rapid sole of the pocket dictionary to which 
the pronunciation of Tardy is annexed, encourages the editor to hope that, connected with a 
more complete vocabulary, it will be far more acceptable to the student. It may also be re- 
marked, that although the name of Boyer is attached to the title of this dictionary, yet if the 
latest editions be compared with those which preceded them, it will appear that very little 
more than the title remains. 

The plan we have adopted in regard to adjectives is more convenient than that hitherto 
followed. The adjectives which in the masculine end in e mute are of both genders. For 
example ; Ainde will be found in our dictionary Avide, adj. which signifies that the word is 
both masculine and feminine. Most adjectives, however, require the addition of an e mute 
to form their feminine, and this is indicated by an e jilaced after them. Turn to 
Chand, and you will find. Grand, e, adj. which signifies that the adjective Grand for the 
masculine becomes (rm«<fe in the feminine. So Estime, E, adj. means that the adjective 
Estirni becomes Estimee in the feminine, and so with all others of this class. There are 
some adjectives which, terminating in a consonant, require that consonant to be doubled be- 
fore the e is added. Thus Net, te, adj. signifies that the adjective Net, masculine, becomes 
Nette in the feminine. So Gros, se, adj. etc. Some adjectives change their final consonant 
in the feminine, and in this case we have placed a hyphen before the final consonant, and 
then added what should supply its place. Tims Dangereu-x, se, adj. implies that the adj. 
Dangereitx becomes Dangerettse in the feminine. So Flatteu-r, se, Rou-x, sse, etc. 
Certain adjectives or nouns of quality, ending in eur for the masculine, change this termina- 
tion into rice in the feminine ; we have marked this change by placing a hy|)hen before eur, 
and adding rice whenever the English word expresses noth tne masculine and feminine. 
Thus Disi'ensat-eur, rice, s. m. & f. But although the word Protectetir becomes Pro- 
tectrice by the same rule, yet each of these words will be found in its place, because Protec 
teur is Protector in English, whilst Protectrice is Protectress. Other similar terminations are 
also marked, but they will be understood without any further explanation here. 

In preceding editions certain verbs are marked impersmial, for this the student is referred 
to the observations at the word Impersonnel. At the end of each irregular verb, also, the 
participles and the first perscm singular of each simple tense were formerly added, but as the 
table we give contains all the irregular verbs, as well as a regular verb for each of the foiu- 
conjugations, it is unnecessary to repeat what maj" be found in the table. As we admit but 
four conjugations, the first in ei; the second in ir, the third in air, and the fourth in re, these 
terminations are so distinct, that we need not add to each word a figure, to denote to which 
conjugation it belongs. The table of Chambaud, which was prefixed to former editions, 
rendered these figures indispensable, for, instead of four conjugations, he recognises ten. 

As I and .1, U and V, are considered distinct letters by our best philologers, and as no one 
who ever used a dictionary needs to be thus apprised of the inconvenience of confounding 
them, as is done by m.ost lexicographers, the editor has consulted the convenience of the stu- 
dent, and kept each letter perfectly distinct. 

On the whole, this edition is ofliered to the American publick,in the humble hope that it will 
assist the cause of education in our country, and lessen in some measure its dependence upon 
foreign presses. 

Boston, Feb. 1, 1822. 


The success of the first edition of this Dictionary, evidenced in jthe sale of a lai^e edition 
in less than three years, and the almost entire exclusion of foreign editions from onr market, 
has induced the proprietors to risk the expense of stereol^-ping it. In doing this they have 
endeavoured to make it more correct if possible, than the former edition ; and as it contains 
as much, is^ better printed, and at a less price, ii is hoped the publick will have new induce- 
ments to continue their patronage. 

Boston. 1825. 




live Prosody ofVAbU D' Olivet, and from tlie best Writers on this Subject. 

A has two sounds. It is long in bos and short in bal. The English have the first sound la 
bar and the second in bat. 

It is long in the alphabet, but short when it is a verb or preposition : il a, he has ; h, to. 

It is short in the beginning of a word, except in acre, age, affres, agnus, dtne, dne, apre, 
arrhes, as : and in their derivatives, acret^,age, etc. 

It is short at the end of words, except those tiiat are taken from foreign languages, wherein 
it is rather long, as in sofa, agendAi, etc. 

* Abe is long only in astrolabe and crabe. 

Able is long m most verbs and substantives, except table and 4raJ)le, wherein it is short, as 
in all adjectiA-es, according to M. D'Olivet ; and doubtful according to M. Feraud. Custom 
seems to be in favour of the lalter.t 

Abre is long. e\'en before a masculine^ termination : sahre, sabrer, etc. 

Ac. General rules. — All final syllables are short, when the vowel is followed by a consonant 
other than s, z, or x : .lac, nectar, sel, pot, iif, etc. 

— All masculine syllables, long or short m the singular number, are always long in the plu- 
ral : des sacs, des sets, des pots, etc. 

— All masculine nouns that end their singular number with s, z, or x, are long i le temps, 
le nez, la lyrix, etc. 

Ace is long only in grace, €.ipace,j'e d4lace, lace, entrelace. 

Aclie is lonff only in tache, taclie, (a task,) gache, relacJie, mache, /ache, and in the verba 
derived from Uiem, even before a masculine syllable, lactier, relac/ions, etc. 

Acle is long only in il rack, il debacle ; doubtful in all others. 

Acre is long only in acre (sharp, sour.) 

Ade is always short : auhade.fade, etc. 

Adre is short only in ladre ; long in all other words, even before a masculine syllable : cadre, 
'•.adrer, etc. 

Afe, aphe, are always short : carafe, epilaphe, etc. 

Affres, afre, are long only in affrcs and bafre. 

Afle is long even before a masculine syllable : rqfle, rafter, etc. 

Age is long only in &ge. 

Agm is long only in gagne, and all the tenses of the verb gagner. 

A^ue is always short : bagiie, dagiie, etc. 

At, a false diphthong which admits of the three sounds of the masculine ^, has the sounds 
of the close 1^ only in j ai,je sais, iu sais, bai, of the open acute ^ in the middle, and at the 
and of words, except in essai, detai, rrai, ■wheretn it is doubtful, according to M. D'Olivet, 
long and open according to M. Feraud ; and of the open grave ^, wlien followed by e, s, rs, 
is, re, and when it has the circumflex accent : plate, jama:is, pairs, portraits, f aire, faite, etc. 

Aie is always long. General rules: All vowels immediately followed by an e mute are 
\or\g: plaie, pensie, joie, etc. Except when there is a liquid articulation as in _p«?/e. But 
manj- authors change the y into i, and write paie, in which case there is no occasion for this 

\\ hen a vowel meets any other vowel but the mute e, it becomes short, as i is long mjelie, 
and short in natis lions. 

Aigne is always short : ch&taigne, didaigne, etc. 

Aiore is always short : aigre, vmigre, etc. 

.42/ is always short. General rule: All final syllables are short that end with a liquid/; 
iventail, soldi, seuil, etc. 

* These rules chiefly relate to fnal syllables, tlie sound of which is more easily distin- 

t A doubtful t'owel is long wlien its word ends a sentence, and generally short when 
enother word comes after it. 

X A syllable is tanned feminine when it aids with an e mule, like sobre, aimes, parlent. All 
tJiO' terminatums care maacutine. 


Aille. is sliort iii nu'dailk, fe traraille, detaille, hnaille, bailie, (1 give,) and in all the tenses of 
Uiese verbs. It is long in all other words, even before a masculine syllable, raiile, raillons, etc. 

Aillet, aillir, are always short : paitletjaillir, etc. 

Aillmi iij short only in medallion and baiaillon, and in these verbs nans d^taillons, ^lail' 
Ions, travailUnis, bailloiis, (we give;) but long in nous baillons, (we yawn,) and in all other 

Aim, ain, im, in. General rule : A 11 nasal vowels, followed by a consouaitt which begins 
another syllable, are long : jambe, mentor^ boinbe, craindre, etc. 

But when the m or n is doubled, Uiere is no nasal sound ; and the vowel is short : ^jngrcan- 
me, ■personne, etc. 

An exact standard for this nasal sound is not to be found in the English pronunciation. 
However something like it is lietu-d in the word hang. But it must be seizeci immediately 
preceding the articulation of the g. With regard to this and other nasal sounds, as on, un, I 
must ohsei-vc what Air. Walker very projierly remarks with regard to the sound of en in en- 
core. " If, in ])ronouncing these soujuls, the tongue should once touch the roof of the mouth 
(as it happens in pronouncing ?«««, ruen, sin, son, su7i,) tlie French nasal sound would be 

The French standard for this is in in vin. 

Aime, the only word that has this termination is short. 

Aine is lony only in Imine, chaine, gaine, traine, and in tlieir derivatives. 

Air is douSiful ui the snigular, and long in the plural : iclair, iclairs, etc. 

Aire, ais, aijr, aise, aisse, are always long : jtaire, palais, etc. 

Ail, aite, are lon^ only in plait, nuit, rei>ait,Jaite, (top.) 

Aitre, is always long : viailre, etc. 

Ale is long only in luxle, pale, un male, rale, and in tlieir derivatives : holer, paleur, etc. 

Alle is always short : 7)uUle, etc. 

Am, anj em, en. This nasal vowel has four sounds : it is always long when spelt with an 
a, e.\cept in comjtant (readtj monetj.) 

When it is spell with e, it is 1st. long in the beginning and in the middle of words, and at 
the end of adjectives, as in pnidait, ennemble, exempt, etc. 

2dly. Generally short at the end of substantives and adverbs, as in vent, sagemeiit, etc. 

3dly. Short and slender in viien, iien, sien, bien, lien, rieti, etc. 

4thly. l^ong and slender in the plural of these words, in mentor, and some other words, 
wherein it has the sound of in in vin. 

The first sound is heard in the two syllables of enfant, and in the first of encore, which the 
English have adopted with its nasal sound. 

The second has for stamlard en in vetU. Those who can pronounce en in encore, may 
easily obtain iu short sound by dwelling less upon it. Sometliing like it is heard in the word 

The third, heard in the last syllable of lien, has something like it in the word send. 

The fourth, heard in maitor, has the sound of in in vin. See under Aim what is said of 
the nasal sounds. 

In the following Dictionary the three first sounds of that nasal vowel are always spelt en, 
except after the hard g and *, where the u is bolter calculated to preserve the hard articula. 
tion of these two consonants. 

.,47/ifi is long only \\\ ame,infame,bl&me,il sepAme,xm bi-ame; in the preterits, f.s aimAmes, 
etc. and injlamme alihoiigli the m be doubled. 

Ajw, Anne, are long only in crave, tine, manes, la vianne, une nianne, damne, and con- 

Ape, Apjte, are long only in rape, and in the verb rajvr. 

Apre is always long. 

Aque is long only in Paqms, Jacques. 

Ar is always short. N. B. Many except char and proper names, as Cdsar, Gibraltar, etc. 
which are pronounced long, at least, at the twul of a sentence. 

Ai-be. General rule : In all sylla!>lcs ending with an r, and followed by another consonant 
which begins another syllable, "the vo\vel is sliort ; barhe, berceau, etc. 

Ard, Alt, are doubtful. But when an e mule follows the d or t, the a is short. See Arbe, 
ca/ard, ca/arde, 
■ Are is always long, but becomes short before a masculine syllable : il J^re, il para, etc. 

Arre. General rule: All vowels before rr, which form a single articulation, are long j 
as arret, barre, etc. 

Exceptions to this rule will be found in their respective places. 

Ari is long only in hourvari. 

As is generally long, as in tas, has, as, Pallas, etc. 

Ase. General rule : s or z, helween two vowels, the last of which is an « mute, lengthens 
and opens the penultima : base, pese, etc. but this penultima often becomes short before a 
masculine syllable, as in peser, apjiai^er, etc. 

Aspe. General rule : An s articulated after a vowel, and followed by another consonant, 
always renders the vowel short : juk~j)e, masque, lustre, etc. 

Asse is long in the substantives basse, chasse, (shrine^) classe, Miasse, passe, masse, (stake) 
and tasse : in the adjectives basse, grasse, lasse ; in the verbs casse, amasse, enchasse, 
cmnjiasse,sasse; and in their masculine terminations, casser, etc. in words derived from, ox 
ronifiosed of these verbs ; also in these terminations of the subjunctive mood, aimasse, parlas 
ses clumiassent, etc. it is short in all other words. 


At \son\y Ions in bat, m3i, cO^gai, and in the third person singular of the preterit of the 
subjunctive : quil, ainiat, etc. 

Aie, Ates, are long only in pate, hdte, il ajrpate, gate, male, demote ; and in the preterit 
tenses, cli&ntates, etc. 

Mie, Atlre, is only short in quatre; battre, and its derivatives. 

Au, (a false diphtliong) has the three sounds of the French o, (See O.) 

It is generally long and open before a feminine termination ; or a consonant at the end of a 
word ; in the plural number, and under the circumflex accent ; as in augc, chaud, maux, etc 

It is short in PmiJ, and before two consonants, as in aiigmenter, etc. 

It is long and broad before re, as in restaure, etc. in all other cases it is generally doubtful j 
as in mulace, epcmier,joyau, etc. 

Ac-e is short in rave, cave, etc. oftener long, as in grave, entrave, etc. and doubtful in brave 
and Batave. 

Avre is always long ; cadavre, etc. 

Ax, axe, are always short ; thorax, parallaxe, etc. 


The French Academy distinguishes three sounds of this letter : the close, the open, and the 

But the open may be more or less so. It is a little open mfervie, and entirely so in proces. 
When it is a little open, the Academy calls it open acute, and assigns for its standard the 
first e in trompeUe. Dumarsais, and othfers, call it the common or midd/c. e : when it is en- 
tirely open, it is called 07?ew ^rare. Therefore we must distinguish linee nidsculine ^5, viz. 
the close, the open acute, and the open grave* 

These are tenned masculine, in opposition to the mute e, which is the sign of the feminine 
gender in most adjectives, and all past participles. 

The close ^ is so called from its being pronounced with tlie mouth almost closed, and from 
ts slender sound. 

It may be deemed short, if compared with its feminine termination, wherein the e, mute, 
obliges us to dwell somewhat more upon it, as is obvious in aise, aisee ; but it is long, if com- 
pared with the open acute, which is shorter, though it frequently bears tne same accent. 
This is observable in cree, wherein the first ^ is somewhat more open than the last, and evi- 
dently shorter, according to the general rule which is to be found after the termination i.s.. 
See e£. 

The natural standard for this i is the primitive sound by which it is known in the French 
alphabet, as in bonte, and answers to the first letter in the English alphabet, as \nfale. 

The open acute ^ is so named from being somewhat more open tlian the dose e, and from 
the acute accent which it frequently bears. It is found in the first i oicrei, or trompette, and 
is the same as in the English words, 7/iet, ebb ; it is always short. 

The open grave ^ is so called from requiring a greateV opening of the mouth, and from the 
grave or circumflex accent which generally attends it, as in ajyres and tele. It is similar in 
sound to the English e in there. 

" The mute e is a mere emission of the voice, which is hardly heard ; it is so imperceptible, 
that a man born blind could not find the least difierence in hearing /roc, or froque, ci-ep, or 
crejie." D'Olivet. 

Dumarsais thinks that the articulation of the consonant by which it is preceded, is sufl^cient 
to express it, as in mnei-, and dmender, the explanatory spelling of mener and demander. 
However, in monosyllables, and in the first syllables of other words, the imperfect sound of 
this letter is more perceptible, and may be termed guttural. 

Attheendof polysyllables, where it IS entirely mute, it is like the second e in tlwre, and 
generally serves to lengthen or open the urecedin^vowel : when it is more perceptible it is 
fike the e in battery, or over ; and even tnen the French suppress it as often as they can, 
especially when the preceding or following syllable has a full sound. 

P. Catineau, the last grammarian who has «Titten on this subject, gives the following exam- 
ple, which is very coirect : " Qitand vans serez le mime, vous me trouverez le meme. 'I'his 
sentence contains thirteen syllables in prose, quand-vmis-se-rez-le-meme-vous-me-trou-ve-rez- 
U-meme. In poetry mime would have tw o syllables. However, in familiar reading and 
conversation, it is pronounced in eight syllables only, quund-i'mt-srel-meme-vman-trauv-rel- 
mime." The suppression of that e is precisely the reason why foreigners suppose the French 
speak so very quick. 

This imperfect sound is never suflfered in two S3llables together at the end of a word. To 
avoid this dissonance, it is changed into an open ^, in the penultima of verbs, when their last 
svllable becomes mute, as mener, mem; some words double their consonant, (which produces 
the same effect,) as tenir, que. tu tiennes ; others change that e into the diphthong oi, as devoir, 

M'^hcB the pronoun ;e comes after its verb, it produces the same effect, so that /e chante,j'e 
mene, become chante-^e ? mene-je ? And in this case the guttural e rfniener that had become 
open acute in 7/ie7ie, becomes again guttural in mene-je ? 

* We confine the sounds of the masculine 6 to the three noticed by the Acadeitfi/, because those 
who hare distinguished more have rather perplexed than perfected the prmtunciation of tliu later, 
Besides, as Mr, D' Olivet obsenes, "it is useless to anatomise sounds so jnuch." 


E, when under the acute accent, is generally close at the end of words, as boivU, aisi : Sdljj'. 
in adverbs derived from adjectives ending in ^, as aishnent : 3dly. before ilie feminine termi> 
nation of adjectives where it is somewhat longer, as in aisie; in any other place it is almost 
always open acute.* It is close likewise in the termination ez and er, when the r is silent j 
and open acute in any other place where it is not open grave, or doubtful. 

It is generally open grave under the circumflex, and grave accent, sometimes doubtful, as 
will be seen hereafter. 

N. B. The following rules relate to the open acute k, and to the open grave, when the 
word close is not mentioned. 

Ecle, Ebre, Ee, Ere, are always short ; bee, niece, etc. 

Eche, is long only in beclie, leclie, grieche, peclie, (fishing, or peach) retvche, U peche, (he 
fishesj (Upeche, empedie, preclie, and in all the tenses and persons of these verbs. 

Ecle, Ect, Etie. Eder, are always short : siecle, insecte, ceder, etc. 

Ee is always long and close, as in aimee, etc. See Aie. 

Ee. General rule : All vowels before another vowel which is not the mute e, are short ; 
n-ip feed, hair, etc. 

fis always short ; EJfe, EJle, are long only in greJFe, and nefle, 
^ e is always long ; college, etc. M. Feraud makes it short. The prevfailin* custom seema 
to be for pronouncing it long at the end of a sentence, and short in any other place. 

Egle is always short ; regk, seigle, etc. 

Egne is doubtful ; regne, dauegne, etc. 

l^Ule is long in vieitle, vieiUard, neillesse, which have the sound of the close i. 

Em, Eird, Einte, are always long. See Aim. 

Eine is long only in reine. 

Eitre is long only in Retire. 

Ele is long only in zele, poele,frile. pele-mele, grile. il sefile, il b^le. 

Em, En. See Aim and An. But there is no nasal sound in Betldeem, item, amen, hymen, 
etc. And whenever the m or n is artictllated, the e is o])eii acute. 

Erne is short only in seme. It is doui)tful in creme ; and long in any other word. How- 
ever, the terminations in ieme are frequently heard short before another word. 

Ene is long only incene, chetu, sckne,gene, alene,rene,frine, ar^ne, pine, ajid in aJI proper 
names. Emie is always short, krenne, etc. 

Epe is always long ; cripe, etc. 

Epi-e is short only in Upre, etc. 

Epte, Eplre, are always short ; precepte, scetxre. etc. 

Eque is long only in ereqiie, arclieveqiie. 

Er is long and open infer, enfer, mer, anier, hirer: long and close in h'ger, altier ; and 
in all nouns and verbs, as aimer, berger, etc. when the r is silent : hut when the r is articu- 
lated, as it must be, especially in verbs, before a word beginning w illi a vowel, the e is open 
acute, and short. 

Erbf, Erce, Erse, Erche, Ercle, Erde, Erdre, are all short. See Arbe. 

Erd, Ert, are doubtful ; il perd, desert, etc. 

Ere is doubtful, /r<ire, chimere, etc. but it is uniformly long in the third person plural of 
verbs ; Us esphrerit, parlkrerd, etc. 

Erge, Ergue, Erie, Enne, Erne, Erpe, Erie, Ertre, Esque, Este, Estre, are all short. 
See Arbe. 

Erre is always long, even before a masculine syllable ; gveire, verrons, etc. ; but it is short 
when the two rr are heard separately', as in erreiir, etc. 

Esse is lon^ only in abesse, jyrofesse, confesse, presse, compresse, cesse, lesse, expresse, il s'ent- 
vresse^ il prof esse. 

Et IS long only in arret, Unet,forh, gen&l, prSt, aprit, acquit, interit, tit, protit, U est. 

Ete is long only in Mte,fete, arbal^le, boite, ternjiete, qtiite, conquete, enquete, requite, arrite, 
crite, tele : it is doubtlii in ites, and homiite, and short in all the rest. 

Etre is ]ong on\y m etre,sal23etre, ancitre,fenetre, pretre, cliumj/etre, liitre, chevitre, guitre, 
je me depetre. 

Eu; this diphthong has three different sounds : it is long and close in je&ne, (fasting;) short 
iajeune, (^oung;) iong and open in beurre. 

The first has no standard in English; but it may he obtained by pressing the lips a little 
forward, in such a manner as to leave the breath a narrower passage than for the e of over, 
and by dwelling longer upcn it. 

The second is somewhat more open than the « of otxr, and can hardly be distinguished 
from it. 

The third may be obtained by opening the lips somewhat wider, and in a more circular 
form, than for the e of oi-er, and by protracting the sound.f 

* It has been tliought proper to adhere to tlie ancient custom of writing this second e with the 
acute accent, to avoid the double mistake frequently occasioned by those who of late hare 
written it with tlie grave accent, in some temniuitions, as ece, 6de, etc. Those who are un- 
acquainted with Mr. D' Olivet's itiles, being misled by the grave accent, give to that e the 
sound of the open grave b., whilst, on the otlier hand, tliey are induced to confound with tlie 
close k, all the open acute ones, which have not been STihJected to this partial reform. A little 
attention to the above nde will be stifficient to prevent the mistaking of the close kfor the open 
acute. As to the exceptions to this or any of these rides, the similar spelling of every word will 
remoi:e all douJjts. 

t No grammarian, I believe^ has ever distinguished this third sound, so different frcm 


Ell, uiileas accented, is short in the beginning and in the middle of words ; heureux, atneU' 
ter, etc. ; it is doubtful at the end ; feu,jeu, etc. ; and when it is long it has the close sound of 
eu in Jeuiu, unless it be followed by an r. 

Eiifls always short : neuf, veiij, etc. 

Euk is long only in made. 

Eune is long only \ajeune, (fasting.) 

Eur is generally short, leur,peur, etc. ; it is doubtful m coeur, choeur,s<xur ; and long open 
in all plural nouns. 

Eure is doubtful, but always open, Iwure, infiriewe, etc! 

Evre is doubtful, tevre, sevre, etc. 

Eujc, Euse, are always long and close ; feux,jeiix, heui-euse, etc. 

Eve is lou^ only in trire, greve, rive, river : it is doubtful in Jive, brhve, il acheve, crh-e, se 
Ikve, allhough mute in crever, achever, s'elever. 

Ex, Exe, are always short, perplex, sexe, etc. 

N. B. All the terminations of the three vowels, which are not noticed in the other following 
Rules^ are always short. 


This letter has two sounds. It is long in gtte, and short in ami. The standard for the first 
in English is ie m field, and of the second i in fig, 

Id'-e is long only in hidre and cidre. 

Ie is always long. See Aie, 

len when "it is dissyllabic, both s^'llables are short, as in li-en ; but it is doubthi/ when it is 
monosyllabic, as in mien, tien, etc. ; when it is long it has the sound of in in vin. See Ain. 

Igeis doubtful, as in tige, prodige, litig/e, il oblige, etc. 

Jle is long only in He, nuile, styk, tuile, presqu'ne. 

Till, In. See Ain. 

Imes is long only in ctbtrne, dixme, and in the preterit tenses, vtmes, prtmes, etc. 

Ire is doubtful : empire, soupire, etc. ; but always long in the preterit tenses, prlrent, pimi- 
rent, etc. 

Ise is always long ; surprise, etc. 

Isse is long only m these terminations of the subjunctive ; fisse, prisses, punissent, etc. 

It is long only m the preterit of the subjunctive ; qii'ilprit, qv/ilfit, etc. 

Ite is long in benite, giie, vile, and in the preterit tenses ; viles,finites, etc. 

lire is long in 6pitre, luiitre, litre, regiire ; but short in registre, and all the rest. 

Ive is long only in adjectives ; rive, crairUive, etc. 

Ivre is long only in vivre (substantive.) 


This letter has three sounds. It is long and open in tr&ne, short in tiobh, long and broad 

N. B. This third sound has not, I believe, been noticed by any grammarian. However 
the pronunciation of o in aurore, corps, alors. etc. as o in trone or neme, would be highly im- 

This sound is regularly found before in r supported by other consonants, or an emute ; and 
before an r alone when its word ends a sentence. 

The standard in English is, for the first, o in robe ; for the second, o in rob, for the third 
in lord. 

O in the beginning of a word, is long only in as, osier, Ster, hole. 

Obe is long only in globe and lahe. 

Ode, Oge, are long only in rode, doge. 

Oi a diphthong that sometimes has the sound of ira in war or ■wart ; sometimes those of e 
in tliere or ebb. It is doubtful at tlie end of words where it has always the sounds of tod or 
wa, mm, td, Rot, etc. 

Die is always long : joie, etc. 

Oient a false diphthong that has always the sound of the open grave k. Us aimoihit, etc. 

Oin a diphthong which has the sound of in in vin, preceded by tlie English w. See Aim 

Oir is doubtful : savair, espoir, etc. 

Oire is always long : boire, mihnoire, etc. 

Ois, oise, oisse, oitre, oivre, are always long, whether they have the sound of wa, or of an 
open grave e. 

Oil is long only in il paroit, connoit, and croit (lie increases.) 

Ole is longonly ifl drdk, p6le, geole, mdle, role, controle, il enjoU, enrdle, vole, {he steals.) 

Om, on. This nasal vowel has no exact standard in English ; but something like it is 
heard in song. See Aim. In French its standard is on in mon, and it is always long. 

Om« is short only in Rome. Omme is always short. 

One is always long when the n is not doubled : trone, etc. 

(he two first. Hence some pronounce beurre, leurre, etc. with the sound of eA injeftne, 
which IS a very ricious pronuiwialion ; for in French, as in English, the r generally opens 
the sound of the preceding vowel. Bif otliers, and especially by foreigners, feux, alfeux, ge- 
nereux,jeune, etc. are pronounced with tlie sound of e\\ in beurre, which is no less exctp- 


Oris always short, according to M. D'Olivet. M. F^raud makes it short ouly in caMar. 
hitU>7-, encor ; but longer in all other words, when r is followed by a rf or t. The opinion of 
. the latter seems to prevail, especially when the word ends a sentence. Therefore o in or, 
essor, ]wrt, Lord, etc. should be placed in the class of the doubtful vowels. 

Ore is always long and broad : etwore, evapore, etc. But it becomes short before a femi- 
nine syllable : haporer, etc. unless followed by two rr, which form a single articulation, as • 
in eclorrai, etc. 

Os, ose, are alwaj's long : repos, oppose, etc. 

Osse\s\i}ng oi\\y'mgrosse, fosse, emlosse, engrosse, and in their derivatives, which pre- 
serve the o long even before a masculine syllable : grosseur, etc. 

Ot is long only in iinput, lot, dejwt, entrepot, siippot, prMt, rot. 

Ote is long ojilv in liole, cQte, maltote, 6te. The three last preserve the o long before a 
masculine syllable : cole, oter, nuxllotier, etc. 

Otre is long in apotre, acd doubtful in Tiotre and votre. 

Oil a false diphtliong, which is long in route, and short in boule. 

The first has fur its standard, in English, the two oo in mood ; the second, the two oo ia 

Oudre, oue, are always long : mondre,je loue, etc. 

Ouille is lono; only iu rouille, il derouilie, embrouille, d^brouUU ; but becomes short before 
a masculine syllable : rouiller, Irouillon, etc. 

Oule is long only in vwule {muscle,) lafoule, senile, ilfouU, icrmde, roule. 

Oure is duubtfuf: bravoure, etc. 

Ourre is always long; but ouir becomes short before a masculine syllable, contrary to the 
rule after An-e ; courner, bounade. 

Ousse is long only in pousse. 

Out is long only in aoiU, coiit, gout, mout. 

Oute is long in ahsoute, joule, crovte, wute ; il coute, brovte, goute, qfoute, but mostly short 
before a masculine syllalile : jouter, etc. 

Outre is long only in poutr'e and coutre. 


This letter has two sounds ; it is long in bust, and short in hut. 

There is no standard for these sounds in English. To form the first, observe the situation 
of the tongue when you pronounce the English letter a. It widens itself into the cheeks, so 
that it touches the first grinders. When the tongue is in this situation, advance both lips a 
little forwards, shutting them at the same time in such a manner as to leave a narrow oval 
passage for the brealli. This movement will lightly press the tongue between the grinders, 
and its tip against the fore-teeth of the inferior jaw, and thus let the breath pass which is 
necessary to emit the sound of the French u. Its short sound is formed by dwelling less upon it. 

Uche IS long only in buclie, embuclie, debuclie. 

Ue is always long : vue, lortiie, etc. 

Uge is doubtful : deluge, juge, etc. 

f7/€ is long only in Zi/W'?,' and in all the tenses of Zr/-<l/«-. 

Um, un. See Aim. This nasal vowel has no standard in English. Its sound is formed 
by lowering the inferior part of the mouth somewhat more than for the pronunciation of k, 
tnaking at the same time the opening of the lips more circular, and Uirowing the breatu 
against the interior j>art of the roof, whilst the tongue touches lightly the grinders in remov 
iug a little from the fore-teeth of the inferior jaw. 

Umes is long only iu preterit tenses : jjarumes, reqtimes, etc. 

Vre is always long : injure, parjure, etc. 

Usse, usses, ussent, are always long, except in la Prusse, les Russes. _ 

Ut is long only mfiil (Iwgshead) ajj'ut ; and in the preterit of the subjunctive, ^w't/yJi/, etc. 

Ute is long onlv mjlfite, and in preterit tenses, Uiies^ parutes, etc. 

N. B. Few of these rules are without some exceptions. These exceptions, together with 
the jjronunciation of the proper and improper diphthongs that are not noticed in these rules, 
and likewise the various articulations of consonants, are shown in the similar spelling of their 
respective words. 

But as words are spelt as they are pronounced when alone, or before a conscnant, we shall 
particularly notice here the final consonants which cease to be silent when they meet a word 
Deginning with a vowel. 

Directions for the articulation of the final consonants before a 
vowel or h mute. 

1st. General Rule. — Final consonants are to be articulated before a word beginning with 
a vowel or H mute.* 

* No nde is more frequently cited, nor has so many exceptions, even in a publick speech where- 
in it is more strictly adhered to. On this point, harmony must be frst 'Mended to. Wlienever 
the connexion of a fnal consonant produces a discordant sound, it must be avoided ; for at 
Mr. D'Olivet lias very projyerly renuxrked, "tlie French prefer an irregularity to a dis- 

E-tcepting tli£ aliove mentioned case tlve connexion should take place, even in conversa- 


2d. General Rule.— All final consonants that are articulated when a word stands alone, 
or before the consonant of another word, preserve the same articulation before a vowel, un- 
less otherwise mentioned in the following observations. 

B is articulated only in radoub, and proper names, even before a consonant. 

C. When the final c is articulated, it has the articulation ofk. 

It is always silent in accroc, arsenic, broc, cc^ignof, marc, (weight or grounds,) estomae,lacs, 
{love knots;) in the last syllable of succinct, and of yorc-ijnc, and after the nasal sounds, aa 
banc, convmnc, etc. 

However, it is articulated in done at the beginning of a sentence and before a vowel ; also 
'm/ranc-e?icens,franc-alleii, du blanc au noir. 

1). When the final d is heard before a vowel or h mute, it has the articulation of at. 

It is always silent in sourd, nid, in the terminations in ona, rand, etc. and after an r, as in 
fuyard. accord, etc. 

In other words it is frequently suppressed in conversation. 

It should never be suppressed, 1st. in defend en comble ; 2d. after qvand, before U, Us, eux, 
el.£s, on, en, a, au, aux ; 3d. after adjectives followed by their substantives: grand htmme, 
grand arbre, etc. 4th. after the third person of verbs, when they are followed by their pro- 
noun personal, or the preposition a ; repond-U ? il eikend h demi, etc. 

F. The final y is generally articulated even before a consonant. 

It is silent, even before a vowel ; 1st. in baillif, clef, eerf; but is always heard in come de 
cerf : 2d. in chef and nerf when used in the following expressions, chef-d^oeuvre,nerf de 
boeufs, although it must be articulated in any other place ; 3d. in pluKal nouns, as boeufs, 
feufs, &c. except cAe/Jf, wherein it is always articulatea. 

G. The final ^, when it is not silent, has the articulation of a A. 

It is articulated, 1st, in sang and rang before an adjective, sang ichmiffi, rang ^lev^, &c. 
2d, in these or similar sentences, suer sang et eau, de rang en rang, &c. 3d, edways in bourg. 

According to M. Feraud it is also heard in long before a substantive : long M, Si.c. which 
he spells lon-ketd. The word long before a vowel is generally avoided, or the g suppressed 
in the pronunciation. 

In )mig some pronounce it as ^ in bag, even before a consonant ; others suppress it even 
before a vowel. 

H. His seldom, and ought never to be final in French. It has no articulation. 

When it is deemed aspirate, " it only communicates to the vowel the properties of a conso- 
nant ; that is to say : if the preceding word end with a vowel, that vowel is never suppressed i 
if it end with a consonant, tnat consonant is never connected with the vowel whicn follows 
To this is confined all the effect of the aspirated H." D'Olivet. 

This pretended aspiration, so different from that of the English, is nothing else than the 
hiatus occasioned by the meeting of two vowels, as in go on, go again. 

N. B. The h is preserved in the similar spelling only in words before which no vowel is 
suppressed, and with which no consonant is connected. 

It is proper to notice here some irregularities of this letter. 

In conversation or prose h is mute in Henri ; it may be aspirated in poetry. 

According to the Academy it is better to aspirate it in hiaeux. 'Ihe contrary custom stU] 

It is aspirated in Hollande and Hongrie, but mute in toih or frontage d'HoUande, Reine or 
fdnt d'Hcn^rie. 

It is mute m huit and its derivatives ; however, we spell Euid pronounce le hint, U Imitihne, 
la huitaine, as if it were aspirated. 

Onze and its derivatives, and oui used substantively, produce the effects of the aspirated h. 
No vowel is suppressed before these words, nor any consonant connected with them, les onze, 
les onzihnes, &c. le oui et le non,^ tons vos oui, &c. although we spell and pronounce je croit 
qu'oui, instead of /e crois que oid. 

L. The final > is never pronounced in barril, chenil, fusil, gentil, gril, outil, nombril, jjersU, 
soul, sourcil, pouls,fls, cul. But gentil in gentil-hotnme, and gril in verse, take the liquid ar- 
ticulation of ^/ in seraglio. 

In conversation, some people, whom Richelet calls refiners, suppress it in qnelqzte, quelque- 
fois, iiuelqu'un, though Uiey pronounce it in quel and quelconque. They suppress it likewise 
after the pronouns il. Us : and instead of pronouncing il dit, Us ont dit, parle-t-il encore ? as if 
spelt il di, il-zon-di, parl-ti-lenkor? pronounce i-di, i-zo7i-di, parl-ti-en-kor ? 

M. Chambaud observes, with regard to this last point, that the I cannot be silent in read- 
ing ; and that it would be better to pronounce it always^ to avoid double meariings. Since 
this suppression of the I may occasion ambiguity, it cannot be too carefully avoided. 

M. The final m is never articulated when it makes a nasal sound. It is always articu- 
lated in hem! item, and in foreign names, Amsterdajn, &c. However m is silent in Adam 
and Absalom, which have a nasal sound. 

N. The final n, when it makes a nasal sound, is articulated before a vowel only in the 
following cases : 

1st. Adjectives before their substantives, and mon, ton, son, rien, un, and bien (adverb^) 
lose their nasal sound in connecting their n with a following vowel ; certain avieur, divtn 

fion, when the frst word determines, qualifes, or modifes the sound; as tlie article before 
its Tioun ; the adjective or pronoun before Us substaidive ; the substantive before its adjective; 
the noun or pronoun before its verb ; the verb before its pronoun, adverb, object, or aid ; Uie 
adverb before an adjective or 'participle. 



, bon ami, rien au m<mde, tin homme, bien-aime, &c. pronounce cer-td-no-teur, di-vi-na- 
mour, Tii-no-numde, bo-na-mi, u-ncmi, biA-TH'-^ne. 

2d. Benin and mcdin ought not to be jilaced before a substantive, except matin esjmt, 
wherein malin preserves its nsisal sound, and a second n is articulated before esprit . violin' 

3d. En and on preserve their nasal sound, but a second n is articulated before a vowel i 
en entrujit, 071 assure, 6LC.prono{mce en-nen-tran, on-na-sure. But the first after an impera- 
tive and the second after its verb, su-e never connected ; par-lez-en h votre wn, a-t-on- 
appi-is, &c. 

P. The final p of coup, beaucoup, and trap, and of the words that have it articu/ated before 
a consonant, are the only ones heard before a vowel. 

Q. When the final q is not silent, it htis tlie articulation of a k. It is alwaj'S heard in cinq^ 
when alone, and before a vowel ; also in coq, but never in coq-d'Inde. 

R. The final r is generally articulated before vowels, at least in reading. 

Except, 1st, Monsieur and Messieurs, though it be always hard in le sienr, les sieurs. 

2d. The plural of nouns ending in er, wherein the « alone is articulated like a z. 

3d. It is often suppressed in conversation before consonants in noire, votre, ipiatre, pro- 
nounced not, vol, qua/. ; but never in Notre pere qui eles aux cietix, Notre-Dame, quatre-vingts, 
nor at the end of a sentence. 

4th. Sometimes also it is suppressed in conversation in the verbs and nouns ending in «r; 
but never in proper names ; words derived from foreign languages, nor when the ^ is open 
grave, as in Jupiter, pater, mer, etc. 

6th, Some suppress it in words ending in ir ; but it is not the prevailing custom. 

S. The final s, in reading, is always heard before a vowel. It is articulated as in yes, even 
before a consonant, in the words uis and cens ; and in the Latin, and proper names, Pallas, 
bolus, 6cc. 

In any other word, before a vowel, it has the articulation of a z, in which case it is often 
Buppressed in conversation, but this would be a fault in reading. 

T. The t final is generally articulated before a vowel ; except, 

1st. When it is preceded by another consonant ; respect humain, effort itovmard, etc. 

2d. In qiiatre-vingt-un, q>iatre-nngt-on:e, though it be articnlatecTin vingt et un, and evem 
before consonants in the following numbers, up to t;t>i^<-7!«// inclusively. 

3d. Li all plural nouns, and in et^ teint, contrat, mout, tit, prot/'t, puits. 

4th. It is silent in fort, {adjecUve)yo/-< et grand, but articulated in /or<, (adverb) fori 

X. The final x is always articulated, 1st, as ks m Greek and Latin words : stix, prefix, 
&c. ; 2d. as the s oiijes in Aix, Cadix : and like a z in all other words, but only before a 

Z. Is silent before a vowel only in the word mz : it is frequently suppressed at the end of 
other words in conversation ; but lliese and similar licenses, though tolerated, can never be 
enforced as rules. 

Explanations of the Abbreviations used iti this Dictionary. 

V. Vide, see. 
Mar. marine term. 
Ex. example. 
&A]. adjective. 
adv. adverb. 
S. substantive. 

conj. conjunction. 
interj. interjection. 
prep, preposition. 
pron. pronoun, 
m. nuisculitie. 

pi. plural. 

v. a. verb active. 

V. n. verb neuter. 

V. r. reciprocal verb. 

* obsolete or seldom used 

A Table of the simple sounds to which all the French vowels and diph- 
thongs are referred, by the figures over the letters in the Dictionary, 





Lon^ in baS, 

Short in bal, 
' Close in c6te, 

Open grave in apr^s, 

Open acute in trom- 

Guttural in refus, 
i Long in gite 

Short in ami, 
■ Long-open in tr6ne, 
[ Short in noble, 
_ Lonsr-broad in aurore 

Long in roule, 

Sht^ in boule; 








p. 4 

p. 6 

p. 6 
p. 8 

p. 8 
p. 9 

Long in 
Shor-t in 
■ Long-close in 
I Sliort in 
Long-broad in 
Long in 
Short in 
[ Short-slender in 
Long in 
Long in 

UN, Long in 




p. 9 



p. 7 




p. 5 




p. 8 


p. 8 

1 brun. 




A Table of the consonants which, in the similar spelling, must be con- 
stantly articulated as follows. 

n, as in nol, can. 
n, (ilalick) denotes a nasal souud. 

p, as in put, up. 

r, as in robe, or. 

s, as in safe, yes. 

sh, as in shore, ash. 

I, as in table, bit. 

V, as in vine, love 

vv, as in wag. 

y, as in yes. 

z, as in zone, size. 

z, (italick) as in azure. 

.Directions for using the similar sounds and articulations. 

1. Tliejivwes over the vowels mark tlueir respective sounds. To have tliem perfect, they 
must be stripjxd of tlieir ailending coriscnarUs, without losing any part of tlieir pecidiar 

b, as in 

bag, rob. 

d, as in 

done, nod. 


fig, of. 

ff, asin 

*^, [itaMk) as in 

go, bag. 


g-n, as in 


pn, as in 

h, see page 10. 


k.asc in 

corn, musick. 

•A, (italick) as in 


J, as in 

ad, eel. 

/, {Ualix:k) as gl in 



man, am. 

2. Two vmcels in Vie sarne syllahte are to he pronounced togetJier. and the first shorter than 
tlie second. Thus in pia-th, the similar sounds for piete, tlie i must be united icUli k,precisely at 
in the word iiosier, the i is nniled with er. 

3. i marked with the fi^re 1 . is etfuivalent to ie in field. 

4. oo in the same syQiSle lutvea single figure, to show tliat tliey express a single sound as in 
mAod or gdod. 

5. In nouns oj the singular number, the final vowel marked 2, undergoes some change in the 
plural; thus Si-ml, tr^-zAr, fl^ur, &.c. similar sounds of a-mi, tresor, near, become in tlie plu- 
ral l-mi, tri-z3r, fliur. 

6. The standards tliat hai-e an u, or an n in Italick type, are peculiar to the French language. 
Look for tliem as directed in the foregoing table. 

7. Wlien u has nofgure, it makes with tlie vowel a, one of the sounds of the dipMhong eu wi 
jiAne, m?ute, bSurre. 

8. TJie three nasal souiids that hai-e no figure never vary. 

9. An adjective or participle, venose feminine is not noticed in the similar spelling, is pro- 
nounced in the same mamur for botii getulers, except tlie sound of S, which is somewhat longer 
for the feminine. 

10. The syllables cat divided as they are heard in conversation, and not as they are counted in 


Veiller, v?-^ ; the 2 marks i in ?bb ; I'le 3 k in base ; and the I in Italick, the articulation of 
gl, in seraglio. But when it is followed by a x-owel, its similar sound must be v2-/?r. S!e« 
page 7. __ 

Courtisan, e, k6or-t?-z^n, z^. The first 2 denotes fto in gSod ; the second ? in f?g ; the 
figure 1 and the n Italick, hi in ^-fawt ; the next syllable sq^arated by a comma, which is 
the feminine termination of tnat substantive, 1ms tlie sound of h in bit, and n articulated as in 

Poi^nard, pwA-^nir. The 2 marks S. in bit ; the 1 k in bkr ; gn in the same syllable, the 
artiailation of gn in poignant. 

BaguenauSe, bSg-nAcl. The 2 denotes k in bit ; the li in rAbe ; and g, being separated 
from n, must be articulated as in magnificent. 

Guerre, ^^r. Tlie 1 marks ^ in t Wre ; and tlie g in Italick, tlie softened articulation of the 
hard g commented on in tlie note beloic. 

Jour, iSor. The 2 deriotes 6o '« g6od ; and the z in Italick the artiailation of z in azure. 

• 77(6 g and k in Italick type denote that, between them and the following vowel, a sound 
like eor y is interposed, tlie better to unite the letters, ivid soften a little their liard articula- 
tion. This softened articulation of the hard c and k, and g, is noticed in Steele's Gram- 
mar, pase 4y ; reproved in Nare's Orth. page 28, as " a monster of pronunciation only lieard 
on tlie English stage." It is given as polite pronunciation by Walker, who in his pronouncing 
Dictionary, directs us to pronounce card, guard, kind, &c. as if spelt) ke-hard, ghe-ard, or 
gyard, kylnd, &c. 

This intermediate sound is very ohviousin cue and argue, wluch are not pronounced kou and 
argou, but at if a ^ or g were articulated before the pronoun you, so that kyou and argyou, of- 
fer the same sounds as cue and argue. 

The sound of this y between the k or g and the dijilithong ou, is precisely that which the 
French interpose between them, and tlieir u, as in cure, legume ; and which tliey frequently ex- 
tn-ess by an u after q or g before their e and '., as in manqu6, quete, vainqueur, guette, giude, 
rigueur, &c. wha-ein these lettersyare less hard than in corps, garde, though harda than m cet, 
dxk, g^ne, gite. 




■ «1 c-S OS ^-s 

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« aj 4) 



|-i-=i|2-5 2if| 


flj O QJ fl> 4J 


■^ I'B S-p 2.2 -io „- ^<i: ~-S 2 «-^3 

o t; » f 01 u 



"f E = 3 

ill ilii 111^5 111 M i l.&l il i rij I fl li| 


S = s 3 -r '3 'o !?•=:. 

S = S E E ? =., 
a> V a> a> V 


■?E.2f «■-•= 

-i 3'3'5 £ 5- 




o o o o-o 

-"I -^ Jz •~i^-^--Tr^-^-s I ------ I--... I 

IM^IIJIIJ i s iii.Uii|.~ 

'P 5 3-5 s «•: 


:; 3 > > a. 




S -5a 
1 2 = «> .5 


^ i-- 

O O Cs o 

O © O D C O O , 




•S-S-S-S .e .S-SS-S-S-S .g.S.S-S.S.S.S -5 -SS-S 





indie. Pres. 




on ez 

ent. Ir 

,(nr,re are regul . oniy in the pi. 





ions lez 


For the four cortjngat^ms. As 

1 > Cm- 




ames &tes 


there is no exception to this 


< is 



imcs ites 


rule, the tense is not in the 

^'^"- 3'^ Hon. 




umes utes 


table oj verbs. 

in enir 




Snmes tmes 






ons ez 
rons rez 


added to the infinitive in er. 





nons nez 


Subjunc. Pres. 




ions lez 


( 1) Can. 

C asse 



assions assiez assent. 


< isse 



issions issiez 


^^^•\ Z^tian. 




ussions ussiez 


\ in enir 

insse msses 



The Imperative has no 1st pers. and is like the pres. indie, in 1st conj. except its having no 
s in 2d prrs. sing_. ; in the other conjiig. the 2d piers, sing, and the 3d person pi. are like the 
pres. indie. The 3d pers. sing, is like the 3d pres. subjunc. The Participles will be found in 

The (.'ompound Tenses, formed by annexing the Past Participle to the variotis tenses of tlie 

verbs avoir and et)e, iiiey be found in the following table. 
Compound of the Present Indie. 

T'o have 

having, --..-- 


Ihare, ------ 

thou hast, - - . - - 
he has or lie hath, - - - - 

toe have, . , - - . 
you have or ye have, - - - 
they have. - - - - - 

Compound of the Preterit Indie. 

I had, 

thou hadst, . - - - - 
ne had, . . . . - 
we liad, . - . - - 
you liad, - - - - - 
they had. - - . - . 
Compound of the Imperfect ludic. 


thou hadst, - - - - - 
he had, . . - . . 
we had, - - - - - 
you had, - - . - - 
they had. - . - . - 
Compound of the Future Indie. 
1 shall or will hare, - - - 
ihou shall or wilt have, - - - 
he shall or teill have, - - - 
we shall or will liave, - - - 
you shall or tcill have, . - - 
tliey shall or will hai-e. - - - 
Compound of the Conditional Indie 
J should or would have, - - - 
tkmi should'st or would' st liave, 
Jte should or would have, 
we should or would have, 
you should or would have, 
tJiey should or would have. - 
Compound of the Present Subjunct. 
1 may hav-e, shall have, etc. - 
thou may'st have, etc. - 
he may ham, etc. - . - 
toe may have, etc. - - • 
you may have, etc. 
they may liave, etc. 
Comp.ofthe Pret.(Imp.or Con.) Sub. 
/ might have, should have, I Itad, etc. 
thou mightest have, etc 
7ie might have, etc. 
we might have, etc. 
you might have, etc. 
itiey might have, etc. 

avoir, t 



J'ai, < 

tti as, 


nous avons, 

vt>us avez, 

lis ont. 

J eus, o 

tu eus, 
il eut, 

nous eumes, 
vous eutes, 
lis eurent. 

I jivois, o) 
tu avois, 
il avoit, 
nous a V ions, 
vous aviez, 
ils avoient. 

j'aurai, 01 
tu auras, 
il aura, 
nous aurons, 
vous aurez, 
ils auront. 

j'aurois, oi 
tu aurois, 
il auroit, 
nous aurions, 
vous auriez, 
ils auroient. 

j'aie, or 

tu aies 
il ait, 

nous aj^ons, 
vous ayez, 
ils aient. 

j'eusse, ot 
tu eusses, 
il eut, 

nous eussions, 
vous eussiez, 
ib eussent. 


Je suis, 
tu es, 
il est, 
nous sommes, 
vous eles, 
ils sont. 

jc fus, c 
tu fus, 
il fut, ^ 
nous fiimes, 
vous fiites, 
ils furent. 

j'ctois, c 
lu etois, 
il f'toit, 
nous etions, 
vous etiez, 
ils etoient. 

je serai, c 
tu seras, 
il sera, 
nous serons. 

je serois, ot 
lu serois, 
il seroit, 
;i I nous serious, 
!vous seriez, 
ils seroicnt. 

je sois, 
tu sois, 
il soit, 

nous soyons, 
vous soyez, 
ils soient. 

je fusse, 
tu fusses, 
il fut. 


vons fussiez, 

ils fussent. 

s'etre, m'eire, etc. 

s'^tant, m'etant, etc 


Je me suis, 

lu t'es, 

il s'est, 

nous nons sommes, 

vous vous ^tes, 

ils se sont. 

je me fus, 

tu te fus, 

il se fut, 

nous nous fumes, 

vous vous futes, 

ils se furent. 

je m'etois, 
tu t'eiois, 
il s'etoit, 

nons nous Etions, 
vous vous etiez, 
ils s'etoient. 

je me serai, 
tu le seras, 
il se sera, 
nous nous serous, 
vous vous serez, 
its se scront. 

je me serois, 
lu te serois, 
il se seroit, 
nous nous serion*, 
vous vous seriez^ 
ils se seroient 

je me sois, 
tu te sois, 

1 se soit, 
nous nous soyons, 

ous vous soyez, 
ils se soient 

je me fusse, 

tu te fusses, 

il se fut, 

nous nous fussions^' 

vous vous fussiea,- 

ils se fusseat. 



hkr, bit, base : th^re ; 6bb, ov^r : field, fig : r6be,^rftb, l^rd : ni6od,.gdo'ij 
bi'ise, b&t : j^iine. m^ute, beurre : infant, chit, hen . vin ; oon ; h\u,i 

A, a, First letter in the alphabet, and first of 
the vowels. 

A. s. m. A. Un ban A, a good A. E nesait 
ni A ni B, he knows not A from B, he is a 
mere ignoramus. 

A, is sometimes the third person singular of 
the present in the indicative mood of the verb 
ovoir, II a, he has ; elle a, she has ; on a, one 
has, people have. Ry a, there is (speaking 
of one,) there are {spea/cing of several.) 

A, with the grave accent over it. when not 
a capital, is a preposition, for which the Eng- 
lish chiefly but not indiscriminately use, at, to, 
in, into, bij and with, within, at the distance 
of, on, Jor, after, according to, etc. Now 
instead qfk le or a la, before a vowel not as- 
pirate, or before h mute, the French use a I' ; 
instead of le before a consonant they use an ; 
and instead of a les they use aux : A ce prix- 
la, at that rate ; h ruKon de cinq pour cent, at 
the rate of five per cent. ; il sera ici A dix 
lieures, he will be here at ten o'clock ; elle est 
assise a la parte, she is sitting at the door ; 
nous jouons soiivent aux cartes; we often 
play at cards ; il vise a cet enmloi, he aims at 
that place ; cela est arrive h Paris, that hap- 
pened at Paris. AUez A Paris, go to Pans, 
venez a Londres, come to London ; a I'ami ; 
to the friend, a I'homme, to the man : cl I' Ante, 
to the soul ; ait roi, to the king , a la reine, 
to the queen ; aux ojiciers, to the officers. 
Jl demeure d. Douirres, he lives in Dover ; 
votre chapeau est a la mode, your hat is in the 
fashion. J'irai a la ccunpagne, 1 shall go into 
tlie country. A lafaveur de la nuit, by the 
help of the night ; a force de, by strength of, 
by dint of; an vimjen de, by means of. Batir 
h clrnux et a sable, to build with lime and 
sand ; travailler a I'aiguilJe, to work with the 
needle; h grand'peine, with much trouble; 
Je n'ai pas encore wz I'homme au nez rouge, 
I have not yet seen the man with a red nose ; 
or whose nose is red. A deux doigts de terre, 
within two inches of the ground, or at tiie dis- 
tance of two inches from the ground. A 
droite, or a main droite, on the right hand ; 
au contraire, on the contrary. Faites un 
habii h mon domestique, make a coat for my 
servant. Vaukz-x'ous que cet habit soit a la 
franqaise? Will you have that coat after 
the French fashion ? A ce qu'on dit, accord- 
ing to what people say, by what people say, 
as people say; h jnonains, according to my 
opinion, in my opinion. 

This preposition a is also used in reckoning 
games : Quatre a rien, four love ; cinq h dnq, 
five all ; trois h quaHre, three to four ; etc. h 
is also used to express a progressive succes- 

sion in an ordinal march, when the word is 
repeated, and then d is equal to by or and. 
lis marchoient trois a trois, they were walking 
three by three, or three and three ; pas a pas, 
step by step. See En. 

The following observations will, the Editor 
hopes, y. of service to the student. French Ed. 

I. When a verb is found to govern an ac- 
cusative in regard to the thing, whether this 
be expressed by a noun or by a phrase, the 
person (or what is used instead of the per- 
son,) governed by the same verb, is generally 
to be considered as if atfected by to {h, said to 
be the sign of the dative case,| let the manner 
in which it is presented be with or without any 
preposition : Elle dit la. m^me chose a mon 
frere, she tells the same thing to my brother, 
or (by trans])osing the person governed be- 
fore the thing governed, which transposition 
allotcs the suppression of tlie preposition in 
English.) she tells my brother the same 
thing ; elle promit h monfrh-e qu'elle viendraii 
demain, she promised my brother that she 
would come to-morrow ; nous primes h I'enne- 
mi une quantity immense de protrisions, we 
took from the enemy an immense quantity of 

It is from tlie same cause tliat an infnitive 
affected by any part of faire, Jaissef, voir, 
ouTr, or entendre (considered each as an 
au.xiliary verb,) if that infnitive govei-n 
an accusative in regard to tlie thing, the per- 
son (or what is used instead of the person,) 
considered as governed by tlie auxiliary 
verb, is often rendered as if affected by to 
(a) though tlie English preposition commmdy 
used in tliese circumstances be by. when the 
second verb is introduced passively : Cesai 
fit promettre a Augustin de venir le voir au 
chateau, Cccsar made Augustine promise to 
come and see him at the castle ; o'est un 
grand talent que de savoir faire aimer la vertu 
aux mechans, to know Jiow to make the wicked 
lore virtue (or virtue laved by the wicked) is a 
great talent. 

II. The French preposition a is prefixed 
to an infinitive when the expression which 
governs it would require a (to) before the 
name of the thing for which the infinitive 
then stands, on account of a tendency towards 
the object, etc. hence, II sera condamnd h 
rendre Vargent, he will be condemned to 
return the money (because we say condamner 
une personne a une chose, to condemn a per- 
son to a thing.) Or, when this infinitive has 
a passive meaning, though presented in its 
active form, in which circumstance it might 
govern in the accusative a preceding noun 

18 A ABA 

bir, bit, base : th^re, ebb, over : f'eld, f?g : i-6be, rftb^ l6rd : m6o<i, g6od. 

(or pronoun) which is already in one case : 
Lm questian e'^t difficile a resoicdre, the ques- 
tion is difficult to solve or to be solved {}iere, 
]a question might be made the accusative of 
resoudre ; for, we migld say, U eat dificile de 
re^oudre la question.) Jai deux ou trois 
kttres a r'crire, I have two or three letters to 
write (to be written, which must be written, 
which I must write,) or, I am to write, (1 
must write) t«o or three letters. 

. III. As (he Freiicl) preposition a, prefixed 
lo a nonn, is often found to announce how far 
a qualification or modification extends, ex- 
tended of may e.\tend, so', when prefixed to 
»a' infinitive, il may be founc' to amiounce the 
tame : Urie teste a mamhes, a waistcoat 
with sleeves to it, or that has sleeves ; il aime 
h lafoiie, he loves lo distraction ; elk s'afflige 
a la ?nort, she grieves herself to death ; c'est 
un homme h tout /aire, he is a man \\ ho will 
do any thing or fit for any thing ; i-oila w 
proces a lous ruiner, that is a law-suit which 
is likely to rain ^ou : hence also, un maitre ci 
danser, a dancing-master, or a master who 
teaches dmicing. 

IV. The French preposition h is often 
found to denote didn, jxtrt, or business, and 
even turn : C'est a moi a rous jrrouver, it is 
my duty (part or business) to prove to you, 
or I am to prove to 30U (with an emphasis 
upon my or /.) c'est a. rous a parler, it is 
your turn to speak. «<• now von are to speak 
(with an emphasis upon i^our or you.) 

V. The same preposition h ser%es to de- 
note that possession or appertenance which, 
aAer a tense of to he in the sense of to belong 
to, causes the English possessor to be present- 
ed with 's (as if a temimation) and the English 
o/tvhom to become ichose, when transposed : 
A qui est rette maison-ci ? whose house is tliis ? 
EUe est a Monsieur Bernard, it is Monsieur 
Bernjwd's. This 's being erroneously said to 
be the sign of the possessive case, see Salm- 
on' sjirst Principles of the English Grammar, 
where tlie nature of 's is traced to its origin. 

VI. As de, when used instead of depuis 
and rendered in English by from, serves lo 
announce tlie priitciple of action, or point 
from which 07ie starts, lias started, or is to 
start, so a (to) ser\'es lo announce the end of 
action, or point whereat, an action ceases. Juts 
ceased, or is to cease ; hence, nous irons de 
Rochester h Dourres, we shall go from Ro- 
chester to Dover, V. En. 

[E? Here it is proper to add, that if, for 
Oie principle of action, we use depuis instead 
of de, %ce slumld, for the end 0/ action, use 
rasqu k (as fur as) xnstead ofk : hence, depuis 
le matin jusqu' au soir, or du matin au soir, 
from morning to niglU ; de Londres a Paris, 
or depuis Londres jusqu'a Paris, from Lon- 
don to Paris. 

VII. The French preposition h often dis- 
appears in making tiie French phrases Eng- 
lish ; for "nstance, when the principle of 
action happens to be placed after the end of 
action : A trois jours de la, three days after ; 
h vingt lieiies d'ici, twenty leagues otf (hence 
or from this spot.) Besides, the English lau- 
^age abounds v.'ith compound words, the 
initial of which particularizes the next ; and, 
to form these, a transposition takes place, 
whereby the preposition which would be used 

j before the particularizing noun, if to be ex- 
I pressed after the noun particularized, become! 
I suppressed : hence un pot a /'eaw, a water-pot ; 
1 un moulin a vent, a wind-mill ; une chaise ^ 
bras, an arm-chair ; une hoite a fusil, a tinder 
box: de la sauce uux ognons, onion-sauce; 
! une bouteille a I'huile, an oil-bottle ; le niarctie 
j au foin, the hay-market ; une femme auct 
hukres, an oyster-woman, etc. See, however, 
de, Observ. I. as also the examples of Obser- 
vation I. here. Again, au, a la, aux^scA to 
alarm or call assistance, disappear in English : 
aufeu, fire ! au vdeur, thief! 

VIII. The preposition for principle of ac- 
tion (de) is often left understood ; and in this 
circumstance instead of from zaAto (accord- 
ing to Obs. VI, (the English 7>uiy use abovit, 
tlien or ; or between, men and : lis etaient 
neifa dix mille, they were about nine or ten 
thousand, or. they were between nine and ten 
thousand ; for, they were from nine to ten 

IX. Sometimes the French preposition A 
is found rendered by a in English, where it 
presents a sort of compound word : A bord, 
aboard for on board ; au Ht, a-bed/or on bed 
or in bed. 

[n? J'his English particle a is sometimea 
found before a jMrticiple present : he is gone 
a fishing, il est alle pecher, or ii est alll a la 
peche ; she is a writing, elle est b, icrire or die 

Abajour, V, Abat-jour. 

ABAissh, K, adj. pulled down, brought 
down or low, depressed, humbled, cast down^ 

Abaisse, ?i-bfe, s.f. under-crusl cf pastry, 
or paste that senes to make iu 

Abaissk.mknt, ^-b&-men, s. m. a fall, fall- 
ing, humbling or pressing down, diminution, 
humiliation, abasement, fell, discrace. L'a- 
baissement de la matrice, the fall of the ma- 

Abaisser, a-b^-sa, v. a. to pull, bring <w 
let down, let fall, lower ; to humble, abase, 
casX down, depress, debeise ; une bronche, to 
cut or lop off a branch. S'abaisser, v. n. to 
fall, sink, decrease, be laid, humble one's self, 
stoop, cringe, submit. 

AB4.ISSEUR, ^-b^-s3ur, s. m. abductor, de- 

Abalourdir, v. a. to stupify. 

Abandon, i-b^-don, s. m. an abandoning, 
a forsaking, quitting, renouncing or resigning. 
L'abandon des biens du monde, the quilling 
or renouncing the goods of this world. Deso- 
late condition, condition of one forsaken or 
abandoned. Que peiU-on faire duns un tel 
abandon ? what can a man do in such a deso- 
late condilion or forlorn state ? Abandon, the 
leaving things at random. Abandon fait lar- 
ron, opportunity makes a thief; fast bind, fast 
find ; (debauclie) lewdiiess, excess, debauch- 

'A Vabandon, adv. at random. Laisser tout 
a l'abandon, to leave all at random or in con- 
fusion, abandon or forsake all, leave all at 
sixes and sevens. Mettre tout a lytbandon, lo 

Cut all things in disorder, leave all things to 
e piflageil. I^iisser ses enfans a rahtndon, 
not to look after one's children, to leave them 
u> the wid« world or to shift for tlieniselves. 




b&se, b&t : jiime, mSute, b^urre : htiknl, chit, Vihi : \\n, mon : hnxn. 

Abandonn^, e. &-bert-d6-na, adj. aban- 
doned, forsaken, cast ofl', given over, left at 
random ; arrant, profligate. Terres abandon- 
flies, derelict IeukIs. Cliamp qui est abandonnd, 
field untilled or uninanured, M'/ade abandon- 
tU, sick person given over by his physicians. 

Un abandonnd, s. m a lewd, wicked, de- 
bauched fellow , a rake. 

Une abandonnee, s. I. a lewd, loose woman ; 
a prostitute. 

Abandoxsement, ^-b^rt-d6«-m§«, s. m. 
an abandoning, a forsaking, leaving, quitting, 
casting off, giving over, desertion. Abandon- 
nemetU d'une terre, dereliction of an estate. 
Abandonnement, lewdness, excess, debauch- 
ery. Eire dans le dernkr abandonnement, to 
be extremely lewd. 

Abandonner, i-b^-dS-nl^, v. a. to give 
over, forsake, cast oft', quit, leave, desert, 
shake off, forego. Mes forces m'abandonnerU, 
my strength Tails me. II n'a jamais aban- 
donni son ip^e, he never let his sword go. 
Abandmmer les armes, to lay down arms. 
Abandonner sa maitresse a tout k monde, to 
prostitute one's mistress to all the world. 
Norn Vabandonnmis a voire coiere.. we leave 
him to your anger, we deliver him to your re- 
sentment. S'atMtidonner, v. r. to give one's 
self over, give up or addict one's self. S'aban- 
donner a. la cokre, to give way to one's anger, 
indulge one's passion, gratify one's passion. 
Dans cetle extremiti, ilne s'abatulonna point, 
in that extremity he did not despond, he was 
not disheartened or cast down, he was not 
wanting to himself. S'abandonner au liasard, 
to commit one's self to fortune. 

Abaque, ^-b^k, s. m. abacus or pl^nith, 
in architecture. 

Abasourdir, i-bi-z8or-dlr, v, a. to stun, 
fill with consternation. 

Abatage, i-b^-t^z,s.m. expense for clear- 
ing a forest. 

Abatant, S.-bi-t^ra, s. m. shutter of a sky- 
light, flap of a counter. 

Abatardi, e, adj. degenerate, marred, 
spoiled, grown worse, adulterate. 

Abatardir, i-bi-t^r-dlr, v. a. to corrupt, 
spoil, mar, adulterate. S'abatardir, v. r. to de- 
generate, grow worse, be spoiled, be marred. 

Aeatardissement, ^-ba-tS,r-dis-ni§;i, s. 
m. corruption, spoiling, depravation, degene- 

Abat-jour, 5.-ba-z3or, s. m. sky-light, 
opening under the top of the fruit of some 

Abatis, ^-bi-tl. s. m. the fall or pulling 
down of houses, or felling cf tiees, rubbish, 
stones hewed down in a quarry, offal, gar- 
bage, giblets, lamb's head and pluck, slaujrh- 
ter of game or other animals, track made ay 
young wolves on grass. 

Abattee, s. I. a casting or falling off of a 
ship. Attention, a I'abatt^e pour mettre la 
barre au veiU, watch her falling off, to put the 
helm up. Faire son abatt4e, to cast ( in getting 
under way,) to fall off (when lying to.) 

ABATTEMENT,^-bS.t-m§n,s. m. weakness, 
faintness ; sadness, trouble, heaviness, dejec- 
tion. Abattement de courage, abjection of 
mind, discouragement, meekness of spirit, 

Abatteur,, s. m. one that pulls, 
beats or cuts down ; feller. Un 

teur de bois or de quilks, a great despatcher of 
business, a great man at nine-pins, a great 
l>oaster, as well as a great feller of wood. 

Abattre,, v. a. (like baUre,) to 
pull, break, beat, batter, bring or bear down, 
overthrow, demolish, destroy ; to humble ; to 
cast down, grieve, afflict, bring low, daunt, 
damp. Abattre les rideaux, to untie, draw 
or let down the curtains. Abattre des arbres, 
to fell or cut down tiees. Abattre bien du 
bois, to be a man ofgreat despatch, to despatch 
a great deal of business. Qu'il abattra de 
teles! how many heads will he cut off! Abat- 
tre les vapeurs, to abate, suppress, keep 
down or lay the vapours. Aliattre lea venk, 
to abate, appease or lay the winds. * ;Se 
laisser abattre a la tristesse, to suffer one's self 
to be cast down with grief, to be overwhelmed 
with sorrow. Abattre la poudre, to comb the 
powder otr. Elk sa robe, she let her 

fown down or hang down. Abattre k anr 
'un bopuf, to skin or flay an ox. Abattre, 
Mar. n faut que cette corvette abatte sur tri- 
bord, tlial sloop must cast to starboard. Laisse 
abattre. Let her fail off. Nous avons abattu 
notre biUinient en carene a la Jama':que, we 
had our ship down (or we careened our ship) 
at Jamaica. Ahottre un vaiisean de bois 
x-irures, to heel a ship three streaks out. 
L'avez-voiis aliattu en quilk ? AA you heave her 
keel out ? S'abattre, v. r. to fall, tumble do\vn. 
La chakur s'afxit, the heat abates. To de- 
spond, be cast down, dejected or discouraged. 

Abattu, e, adj. pulled out, broken, let 
down, overthrown, destroved, dejected, griev- 
ed, afflicted, cast down, discouraged, broken, 
overwhelmed, etc. V. Ahattre. 

Abattures, l-ba-tir, s. f. pi. sprigs or 
grass beat down by a deer as ne rushes oo. 

Abavent, ^-bii-v^, or, abat-vent, s. m. 
penthouse of a steeple, fence against wind. 

Abeatial, E,i-bi-sMl, adj. of or belong- 
ing to an abbot. E^lise abbatia/e, abbey- 
church. Droits abbatiaux, rights and privi- 
leges of an abbot. 

Abbaye, hhl-yX, s. f. abbey. 

Abb^, l-ba. s. "m. abbot. 

Abbesse, i-b^s, s. f. abbess. 

A B c, i-ba-sa, s. m. a b c or criss-cross- 
row, the alphabet. Una be, a primer. A b 
c, grounds or principles of an art or science, 

Abceder, ^b-sS-da, v. n. to turn into an 
abscess or tumour. 

Abces, ^b-s^, s. m. abscess, imposthume. 

Abdala, s. m. Persian monk. 

ABr)icATioK,ib-d?-c4-sio«,s. f. abdication. 

Abdiq,ue, e, adj. abdicated. 

Abdi^uer, \h-m-k\, V. a. to abdicate. 

Abdomen, ^b'd<!)-m^n, s. m. abdomen. 

Abdominal, adj. abdominal, relating to 
the abdomen. 

Abducteur, ^b-dflk-t?ur, s. m. abductor 

Abduction, &b-duk-s!on, s. f. abductioik 

Abece, Y. Abe. 

ABEcfoAiRE, i-b^-s^-d^r, adj. & s. m, 
alphabetical, abecedarian, a beginner, a 
spelling book. 

Abecquer, i-b^-Ara, v. a. to feed (a bird. 

AsiE, A-ba, s. f. dam (for water.) 

Abeille, i-b^Z, s. f. bee,, honey-bee. 

Aberration, ^-b^r-ra-slon, s.f". small ap 
parent motion of tlie fixed stars, error. 




b4r, b^t, base : th^re, ^bb, ovir : fleid, fig : r6be, r6b, 16rd : m6od, gftod. 

Aeetir, a-b^-tlr, V. a. et n. to stupify, 
grow stupid. S'abetir, v. r. to g^ow stupid 

Ab hoc et ab^ hac, adv. at random. 

Abhorrer, a-bSr-r&, v. a. to abhor, to 
detest, loathe, abomijiate. 

Abigeat, i-bl-i^, s. m. cattle robbery. 

Abject, e, ib-z^kt, adj. abject, \-ile, con- 
teinptil>le, base, mean. 

Abjection, ab-z^k-s!on, s. f. abjection. 

Abime, &-blm,s. f. abyss, bottomless gulph, 
or pit, unfathomable depth, hell. 

Abimer, l-bl-m^, V. a. to cast or throw 
into an abyss, swallow up ; to destroy, ruin, 
undo, bring to nothing. 
* Abimer, v. n. to fall into an abyss, sink or 
be swallowed up in a bottomless pit ; to pe- 
rish, be undone or come lo a fatal end. 

S'abimer, v. r. to run into an abyss, niin 
one's self, lose or sink or bury one's self (in 
study, etc.) 

Ab-intestat, 5lb-in-t?s-ta, adj. intestate. 

Abjuration, ib-zfl-ra-sJon, s. f. abjura- 

Abjcrer, ib-ii-ri, v. a. to abjure. 

Ablais, i-bli, s. m. com cut down but not 
yet canied out of the field. 

ABLATiF,i-blS.-tif, s. m. ablative. 

Able, ibl,OMABLETTE,s.f.blayw bleak 
(sort offish.) 

ABLERET,?ibl-r^, s. m. loop-net, purse-net. 

Abluer, Sb-lfl-a, V. a. to wash ; to revive 
old writing by washing it with nut-gall, etc. 

Ablution, s. f. ablution, washing. 

ABNicATioN, s. f. abnegation, denial. 

Aboi, &-bwi, s. m. barking, baying. L'aboi 
des chiens, the opening of the dogs. V. Abois. 

Aboiement, 3.-bwa-m&t, s. m. barking, 

_ Abois, H-bwijS. m. pi. despairing condi- 
tion, last shift, extremity, distress. La religion 
est aux abois, religion is upon its last legs. 
II est mix abois {u expire) he is at his last 
gasp or breathing his last. Le cer/est aux 
aiois, tiie stag is at bay. 

Abolir, ^-b6-l?r, v. a. to abolish, annul, 
repeal, abrogate, vacate, antiquate, extin- 
guish, annihilate, rase out, Abolir un imjtot, 
lo take off or away a tax. Abolir iin crime, 
to pardon a crime. S'abolir, v. r. to be abo- 
lished, etc. 

Abolissement^ ?l-b6-l?s-m?«, s. m. abo- 
lishment^ disannulhng, abrogation, annihila- 
tion, rasmg out, extirpation. 

Abolition, ^-b6-ll-s?on, s. f. alwlition, 
pardon or full discharge (of a crime,) abolish- 
ment etc. as in abolissetnent. 

Abominable, 5.-b6-mi-nibl, adj. abomi- 
nable, detestable. 

Abominablement, l-b3-mJ-nibl-m§7i, 
adv. abominably. 

Abomination, i-bfl-m?-n?l-s!on, s. f. abo- 
mination, detestation, execration. Avoir en 
abomination, to abominate, detest, abhor, 
loath. Etre en abominaiion, to be abominated, 
detested, abhorred or loathed. 

* A^OMiNER, V a. to abominate, abhor or 

AtONDAMMENT, ?L-bon-d^-m?n, adv. abun- 
dantly, plentifully, in abundance, fiiUy, copi- 

Abondance, li-h<m-Ahns, s. f. abundance, 
plenty, store, copiousneK, great quantity. 
vivre ou itre dans Vabondomce, to have 

plenty of all, live plentifiilly. Avoir qutlqut 
chose en abondance, to abound in or with a 
tiling. Boire de I'abondance, to drink wine 
mixed with a gieat deal of water. 

Abondant, e, h-hon-dbij dhnt, adj. a- 
bounding, plentiful, plenteous, copious. 

* D'aSondant, adv. moreover, over and 
above, besides. 

Abonder, k-hon-dk, v. a. to abound in or 
with, have an abundance or great deal of, 
to abound, overflow, be in abundance. Abon- 
der en son sens, to be self-conceited. 

Abonnement, S^-b6n-mfe^, s. m. contract, 
or agreement, subscription (for a book.) 

ABONNER,i-b6-nii,v.a.tocompouna with. 
Les fermiers des aides ont abonne ce cahare- 
tier, the excisemen have compounded with 
that alehouse-keeper. S'abonner, v. r. to 
compound for, agree with one for a thing at a 
certain rate. Je me suis abonne avec mxm 
cordonnier pour me foumir des souliers toutes 
les semmnes, 1 have agreed or made a bargain 
with my shoe-maker that he should find me 
new shoes once a week. 

Abonnir, ^-bft-nir, v. a. to make good or 
better, to better, improve. S'abonmr, v. r. 
or Abonnir, v. n. to grow better, mend. 

Abord, k b6r, s. m. landing, arrival ; re- 
sort, confluence, store, (of peojAe or things ;) 
onset, attack; access, admittance. Avmr 
Vabord daux, gracietix, to receive people 
kindlv, courteously, obligingly. Rest ae diffi- 
cile ahord, he is hard to be spoken with, he 
keeps people at a distance, there is no coming 
at him. D'abord, tottt d'abord, adv. at first, 
at the first, at first blush, at first sight ; pre- 
sently, fortliwilh, straightway. D'abord que, 
as soon as. 

Abordable, &-b3r-dibl, adj. accostable, 
accessible, of an easy access. Cote qui n'est 
pas abordable, an unsafe coast. 

ABORDAGE,a-bSr-daz, s. m. boarding (of 
a ship,) running or falling foul (of ships one 
upon another.) Aller i Paborda^e, to Doard 
Filets d'abordage, boarding-nettmg. 

AB0RDER,^-b6r-di, v. n. to land or arri\'e 
at ; to resort. 

Afiorder, v. a. to come or draw near, accost 
Aborder le rivage, to come to the coast or shore, 
to land. Ahoi-der nn vaisseau. to board a ship j 
also to fall alxiard or run foul of a ship. 

Aborigenes, k-hi-rl-zin, s. m. pi. abo- 

Abornement, k-hbm-mkn, s. m. fixing of 
bounds, boundary. 

Aborner, k-h6r-uK, v. a. to set limits, to 
fix the bounds of. 

Aeorti-f, ve, i-b8r-tif, tlv, adj. abortive 

Abouchement, &-b8osh-m^7t, s. m. inter 
view, conference parley. 

Aboucher, i-b6o-sha, v. a. (quelqu'un) to 
confer or speak with (one.) Aboucher deux 
personnes, to bring two persons together. 
S'aboucher, v. r. (avec quelqu'un) to have an 
interview or conference (with one,) peu-ley or 
confer (with him.) 

Abougri, e, adj. stunted, knotty. 

Abouquer, v. a. to add fresh salt to old. 

About, s. m. end, butt-end (of a plank.) 

About^, adj. placed end to end. 

Aboutir, a-bfto-i?r, v. n. to meet at the 
end, be bounded, border upon. Aboutir en 
pointe, to grow sharp at the top, end sharo or 




bise, bfii : jeune, m^ute, blurre : hnikni, chit, Whn : v'm : man : brun. 

pointed. To tend, drive at some end, aim at ; 
discharge, {as a>i abscess.) 

Aboutissant, e, adj. bordering upon. 

Aboutisant, ^-b6o-t5-s^, s. m. Ex. 
Les teiians et aboiUissans d'un champ, the 
abutments of a piece of ground. Le^ tenans 
et alioutissans (Tune affaire, the circumstances, 
particulars, or sum ofa business. 

Aboutissement, l-b^o-tls-m3«, s. m. the 
drawing to a head (of an impostbume ;) eking 
piece ol clolh. 

Aboyek, i-bwi-ya, v. n. et a. to bark. 
ties creanciers ahoieiU aprh bii, his creditors 
are at his heels, he is dunned by his creditors. 

Aboyer apres queique charge, to gape after 
a place or preferment. 

Aboyei'R, ^-bwfi-yfur, s. m. barker, dun. 

A^RAq,VKR, V. a. Mar. to haul taught. 
Abraqm les boulines de jterroquet, steady for- 
ward the top-gallant bowlines. 

Abk^g^, e, adj. abridged, ihortencd, cut 
short, contracted, epitomized, compendious. 
See abreger. 

ABRfo^, k-hr^-ik, s. m. abridgment, 
abstract, epitome, summary, compendium. 
En aln'^gi, in short, compendiously, summa- 
rily, briefly, in few ^^'o^ds. Jteduire en 
aitr^g^, niettre en ou jkxr airr^ge, to abridge, 
contract, epitomize. 

"ABR^GEMENTjS.^m. abridgment. 

Abr^geu, ^-bri-za, v. a. to abridge, short- 
en, epitomize, abbreviate, contract. Pour 
abreger, in short, to be short, to sum up all. 

Aer£viateur, i-bra-vi-4-tSur, s. m. 
abridger, abbrevialor. 

Abk£viation, i-brS.-vli-s!on, s. f. abbre- 

ABREUVE,E,adj.watcred, soaked, drench- 
ed. Notre Seignair fid abreur^ de rinaigre, 
our Saviour had vinegar given him to drink. 
Abreur4, informed, thai has been told over 
and over, imbrued. 

Abreuver, i-brJu-vli, v. a. to water, 
drench, give to drink, to soak, steep. Abreu- 
ver de (meique nouvelle, to inform of some 
news. S'abreuver, v. r. to drink plentifully. 

Abreuvoir, i-br5u-vwiir, s. m. waterfng- 

Abri, i-br?, s. m. shelter, cover; sanc- 
tuary. Metti'e h Pabri, to shelter. U71 abri 
pour les r-aisseaiix, a lee-shore, corner or creek 
where ships ride safely. Etre a Pabri de la 
Urre, Mar. to be under the lee of the land. 

Abricot, i-brl-kft, s. m. apricot. 
ABRicoTf,a-brl-k6-ia, adj. candied apricot. 

Abricotier, i-bri-kS-tii, s. m. apricot- 

Abrier, v. a. Mar. to becalm. 

Abkiter, i-bri-ta, v. a. to shelter, shade. 

Abri-vent, s. m. shelter from wind. 

Abrogation, ?i-brft-gi-siort, s. f. abroga- 
tion, repealing. 

Abroger, i-brS-sS., v. a. to abrogate, re- 
peal, disannul. 

Abrotone, s. f. southernwood. 

Abrouti, e, adj. said of trees the buds of 
which have been destroyed by cattle. 

Abrupto, s. m. oft' fland, unexpectedly. 

Abrutir, 5-brfl-t?r, v. a. to besot, render 
brutish, stupid, dull, or heavy. S'abnitir, v. 
r. to be besotted, Jaecome brutish, etc. 

Aerutissement, S,-bra-tis-m?«, s. m. 
bruiishness, stupidity. 

Absence, ab-s^ns, s. f. absence or being 
away ; distraction or wandering of the mind, 
want of attention. 

Absent, e, ab-s^ra, si«t, adj. absent, out 
of the way. 

S'Absenter, v. r. to absent one's self, go 
away, keep out of the way, be absent. 

Abside, s. f arch, vault. 

Absinthe, ab-slwt, s. f. wormwood. Bi' 
kre d'absi7ithe, purl ; also grief, chagrin. 

Absolu, e, ^b-s6-la, lii, adj. absolute, ar- 
bitrary, unlimited, imperious, magisterial, 

Absolument, S.b-sfi-l&-m?n, adv. abso- 
lutely, arbitrarily, witli an absolute power, 
wholly, entirel}-, imperiously, magisterially, 
by all means, in general, simply. 

Absolution, ib-sd-lft-slon,"s. f. discharge, 
acquittal. Les furh ont conclu a C absolution, 
the jury have acquitted him w brought him \x 
not guflty. jfbsoluiion des ji^clies, the abso- 
lution or forgiveness of sins. 

Absolutoire, ib-sfl-14-twir, adj. absol 

Absorbant, ib-sir-b^n, adj. and s. m 

Absorber, Sb-sAr-bi, v. a. to swallow up, 
absorb. S'ahsorber, v. r. to be absorbed, of 
swallowed up, to be soaked. 

Absorption, ib-sdrp-s?on, s. f. absorp- 

Absoudre, ?lb-s6odr, v. a. irr. absohxmt, 
absoiiSjfabsouSj to absolve, acquit, discharge, 
bring in not guilty. Absoudre un penitent, to 
give a penitent sinner absolution. 

Absou-s, te, adj. absolved, acquitted, dis- 
charged, brou^fht in not guilty, who has re 
ceived absolution. 

Absoute, ib-s6ot, s. f. general absolution 
upon Maundy-Thursday iu the Romish 

Abst^me, ibs-t^m^ adj. and s. abstemious, 
one who has an aversion to wine. 

Abstknir, (s') ^bs-tl-n?r, (like /enir) v. r. 
to abstain, forbear, refrain. 

Abstergent, e, adj. abstergent. 

Absterger, &bs-t?r-ii, v a. to absterse 
or absterge, cleanse. 

Abstersi-f, ve, ^bs-t?r-slf, siv, adj. ab- 
stersive, cleansing. 

Abstersion, Sbs-l<^r-s?on, s. f. abstersion. 

Abstinence, ib-st?-n<^;js, s. f abstinence, 
temjierance, sobriety, forbearance. 

Abstinent, E,&bs-t}-nin, u^nt, adj. absti- 
nent, sober, temperate. 

Abstraction, Sbs-tr5k-s?on, s. f. abstrac- 
tion. Par abstraction, adv. abstractedly. 

Abstractivement, §ibs-trak-tiv-mfe, 
adv. abstractedly. 

ABSTRAiRE,"Sbs-tr^r, V. a. (having only 
the infinitive, and the present and future, in 
use, and those only in tlie s\ngu]ar : j'abstrais, 
tu abstrais, il abstrait, fabstrairai ; part, ab- 
strait) to abstract. 

Abstrait, E,?!bs-tr3, tr^t, adj. abstracted. 

Abstrus, e, S^bs-trfl, tniz, adj. abstruse, 
dark, intricate, obscure. 

Absurde, db-siVd, adj. absurd, foolish, 
nonsensical, unreasonable, silly, impertinent. 

Absurdement &b-sflrd-m^j, adv ab- 
surdly, nonsensical fy. 

Absurdit^, ab-sflr-d?-t?i, s. f. absurdity 
foolishness, unreasonableness, impertinence. 



bir, b^t, hlse : th^re, Sbb, ovir : field, fig : r6be, rflb, 16rd : mAod, gftod. 

Abus, S.-bii, s. m. abuse or misusing of a 
thing ; error, mistake ; fraud, cheat, deceit. 

Abusek, i-b&-za, de, v. n. to abuse, mis- 
use, or use ill. Abuser d'un mot, to use a 
Word improperly. Abuser, v. a. to gull, de- 
ceive, cheat, cozen. Abuser une JilTe, to se-' 
duce a virgin. S'ubuser, v. r. to err, mistake, 
be mistaken. 

Abuseur, l-bfi-z?ur, s. m. deceiver, im- 
postor, cheat. 

Abusi-f, ve, ^-bfl-zif, Iv, adj. abusive. 

Abusivement, i-bft-zlv-m^rt, adv. abu- 
rivoly, improperly. 

ABUTER,^-b&-ta, V. a. (at niiiepins,) to 
throw who shall play first. 

Abutilon, s. m. sort of marsh-mallow. 

Abyssinie, s. m. Abyssinia. 

AcABiT, ^-ka-b], s. m. taste (of fruit.j 

Acacia, a-k^-sli, s, m. acacia. Acacia 
eommun, ^mce. of iloes. 

AcADEMiciEN, ?i-ki-di-mi-sKw, s. m. aca- 
demist or pi atonic philoscphe--. 

Acad6micien, ne. fellow of an academy 
or learned society. 

AcAuiMiE, i-kl-d'd-ml, s. f. academy; 
riding-school ; gaming-huuse. 

AcAD^MiQUE, ^-ki-d^-mik, adj. acade- 
mical, academic. 

AcADEMiQUEMENT, S.-ki-da-mik-m6«, 
adv. academically. 

AcAUEMisTE, ^-ka-d?i-mist, s. m. acade- 

AcADiE, s. f. Acadia. Nova Scotia. 

AcAGNARDER, (s',) V. r. to grow lazy, 
slothful or idle, be besotted, sit sotting. 
S'acagnarder aupris d'une fetntne, be always 
at a woman's tail. 

Acajou, i-ka-?5o, s. m. mahogany. 

AcANACE, E, Si-ka-n5.-sa, adj. thorny. 

AcANTHABOLE, s. m. acautbabolus. 

AcANTHE,S.-ka»t, s. f accinthus. 

AcARiATRE, &-k^-r!-itr, adj. humour- 
some, peevish, scolding, cross grained. 

AcARNE, s. m. sort of thistle ; a sea fish. 

AcATALEPsiE, s. f. inability to compre- 

AccABLANT, E, ^-ki-bi^/i, hlhit, adj. bur- 
densome, troublesome, grievous, uusuffera- 

AccABLi:, E, adj. over-burdened. AccabU 
cfannees, d'affaires, full of years or business. 
AccabU de deties, in debt over head and ears. 
Je suis accabU de sommeil, I am very heavy, 
drowsy or sleepy. Accable smis les ruines 
d'une maison, buried in the ruins of a house. 

AccABLEMEST,-i-kkbl-m^n, s. m. burden, 
oppression, grief, trouble, heaviness, discour- 
agement. Accablemerd de pouls, irregular 
beating of the pulse, upon coming out of an 
ague fit. 

AccABLER, i-k^-bli, V. a. to crush or 
make sink under the weight, over-burden, 
over-do, over-charge, over-load ; to oppress, 
grieve, bear down, plague, weary, tire, trou- 
ble, overwhelm. 

AccAi.MiE, s. f. Mar. lull. Vire ci I'accal- 
mie, heave and a lull. 

AccAPAREMENT,?i-ki-pSjr-m&j, s. m. mo- 

AccAPARER, i-kS.-pi-rS., V. a. to forestall, 

AccAPAREU-R, SE, adj. engrosser. 

AccAREMENT s. m. V. Confrontation. 

AccARER, V. ConfrmUer. 

AccASTiLLAGE, ^-kits-^-Wz , s. m. Mar. 
the castles, upper works, all that part of the 
hull which is above water. 

AccASTiLLE, E, ^-kas-ti-Za, adj. Mar. 
B&tiinent lumt occaMilU, deep-waisted ship. 

AccEDER, ^k-sa-d4, v. n. to accede. 

Accelerant, e, adj. accelerating. 

AccEL^RAT-EUR, RICE, ak-s6-ld-r4-tSur, 
tris, adj.^ accelerator, accelerating. 

Acceleration, ik-sg-ld'-ri-slon, s. f. ac- 

AccELERER, ^k-s^-lS-ra, V. n. to accele- 
rate, hasten. 

Accent, ik-^.n, s. m. accent. Pousser de 
fnnebres accens, to cry mournfully. Tune, 
note, voice. 

Accentuation, s. f. accentuation. 

AccENTUER, ak-s^-t?i-^, v. a. to accent, 
mark with an accent. 

Acceptable, &k-s§p-tkbl, adj. reasonable 
not to be rejected. 

Acceptant, e, adj. accepting, accepter. 

Acceptation, ?ik-s^p-tl-siw«, s. f. accept- 

Accepter, ik-s?p-t^, v. a. to accept, re- 

Accepteur, ^k-s§p-t?ur, s. m. accepter 
(of bill of exchange.) 

Acceptilation, ik-s?p-t!-l^-sIora, s. f. (in 
law) acceptilation. 

AccEPTiON, ik-s?p-sfon, s. f. acception, 
acceptation , particular respect, regard, pre- 

Accis, Sk-s^, s. m. access, admittance, a 
fit. Second trial to elect a pope. 

Accessible, ak-s^-sfbl, adj. accessible, 
approachable, of an easy access, easy to b« 
come at. 

Accession, ^k-s2-sio7J, s. f. accession, in- 
crease, access, entry .^ 

Accessit, &k-s^-sit, s. m. second best pre- 

Accessoire, ^k-sS-swkr, s. m. accessary, 
addition, accession or appendix ; bad condi- 
tion or circumstance, pinch, strait. A nerve. 

Accessoire, adj. accessory, additional 

Accessoirement, adv. accessorily. 

Accident, ik-si-d§7i, s. m. accident, 
chance, fortune, casualty. Facheux accident, 
mischance, ill fortune. Les accidens, the acci- 
dents (in opposition to substmice.) Les acci- 
dens de la grammaire, the accidence or acci 
dents in grammar : Par accident, adv. casu- 
ally, by chance, accidentally. 

Accidentel, le, ,\k-sl-"d^n-tSl, adj. acci- 
dental, casual, adventitious. 

Accidentellement,^ 2lk-si-dfci-tSl-mSn, 
adv. accidentally. 

AccisE, ^k-slz, s. f. excise. 

Acclamateur, s. m. shouter. 

Acclamation, h-klh-mh-sion, s. f. accla- 
mation, shouting, shout, huzza. 

AccLAMPi,adj. Mar.ifo/ acclamp^, a mast 
strengthened with clamps. 

AccLAMPER, ^-kl^«-p^, V. a. Mar. to 
strengthen with clamps. 

Acclimate, e, ^-kli-m?i-tci, adj. used to 
the climate. 

AccLiMATER, (s',) V. r. to usc one's self to 
the climate. 

**AccoiNTANCE, ?i-kwin-tins, 8, f, acquaint- 



biise, bflt : j^une, m^ute, beurre : hidint, dm, lien ; v'm : mon : brun. 

AccoiNTER (s'), to be familiar with, to be 

AccoiSEMENT, s. HI. Subsiding or calming 
(of the humours.) 

AccoiSER, V. a. to quiet, quell. S'accaiser, 
V. r. to grow calm or still. 

Accolade, i-kft-lad, s. f. embracing or 
hugging, (a ceremony at the dubbing of a 
kuiglit,) crotchet. Accolade de lajiereaux, 
couple of rabbits roasted or served together. 

AccoLE, e, adj. joined, fifc. 

Accoi.EU, ft-k6-lS , V. a. to hug or embrace. 
Accoler plusiairs articles daits un compte, to 
jcin several articles tojrether in an account by 
a crotclict. Accoler deux kijiereaux, to put 
two rabbits together. Accoler la vigive, to 
tie the vine to its prop. S'accoler, V. r. to 
hug one another. 

AccoLURE, s. f. straw-band. ^ 

AccoMMODABLE, a-k6-mft-dabl, adj. that 
may be settled or accommodated. 

AccoMMODAGE, ^-kft-md-dii, s. m. dress- 
ing, or cooking, (of meat.j Accommodage 
d'une maison, fitting up of a lioase. 

AccoMMODANT, E, ^-kfl-mO-d^n, d^7(t,adj. 
complying, complaiseuit, easy, courteous, 

AccoMMODATiosr, s. f. accommodation, 
conciliation, affinity. 

AccoMMODf, E, adj. fitted, furnished, 
drest, etc. easy in his circumstances. 
^ AccoMMOBEMENT, &-kft-m6d-ni§n, s. m. 
accommodation, agreement, composition, re- 
conciliation, adjustnig of a quarrel ; ten:per ; 
fitting up (of a house.) 

AccoMMODER, ft-icS-mS-da, v. a. to fit or 
make fit, fit up, dress, trim, furnish. Accom- 
moiler sa viaifon ou ses affaires, to settle or 
mend one's concerns, clear one's estate, im- 
prove it. Accommocler a manger, to dress, 
or make ready victuals. To prepare, make 
or get ready, make fit ; to suit with, be con- 
venient for, fit, serve one's turn ; to adjust, 
accommodate, compose, make uj), settle, re- 
concile ; adapt, conform, frame ; to use. 

Accommoder quelqii?un or Uaccommoder de 
tmUespik-es,lo pay one off, thrash him, beat 
him. Accomvwder quelqu'un de quelqite chose, 
to accommodate one with a thing, furnish 
him with it. S^occommoder, v. r. to put up 
with a thing, make a shift. S'accotrmioiJer 
deqndqw chose, to make bold or free with a 
thing; {prendre ses aises] to consult one's 
own ease or convenience, take care of one's 

AccoMPAGNATEUR.4-kon-p(l-gn^-t<»ur, s. 
m. one who accompanies the voice with an 

AcCOMPAGNEMENT, Sl-koM-pSgll-mi^, S. 

m. accompanying, waiting on, attendance, 
followers, retinue ; appen<lix, accessary, mu- 
sic played to one who sings. 

AccoMPAGNER, k-koyi-pK-giA, v. a. to ac- 
company, wait on, come or go along with, 
escort, attend or follow, be of^one's retinue, 
play to one who sings; to match, suit. Ac- 
compa/rver quelque chose d'une antre, to 
add one ihnig to another. S'accompnoyier, 
V. r. to take along with one, be accompanied, 

AcooMPi.i, E, i-kon-pll-pll, adj. accom- 
plished, complete, perfect, excellent, finished, 
fulfill fid, p<3ribrmed. 

Accompli R, 3i-ko7«-jjlir, v. a. to finish, ac- 
complish, perform, fulfil. S'accomjylir, v. r. 
to be accomplished pr fulfilled, etc. 

AccoMPLissEMENT, i-kon-plis-m^w, s. m. 
an accomplishing, fulfilling, or finishing; 

AccoN, s. m. flat botjomed boat, lighter. 

AccoQi'iNANT, E, k-k6-kl-uhi, nZnl, adj. 
alluring, engaging. 

AccoQuiNER,"A.-k&-A-i-ni, v. a. to besot, 
allure ; to contract a habit. 

S'accoqi drier, v. r. to grow idle or Ia«y, sit 
sotting, trifling one's time away, be besotted. 

Accord, a-k6r, s. m. agreement, aniclea 
of agreement, treaty; concord, good under- 
standing, agreement, reconciliation ; accord, 
consent ; unity or conformity of sentiments ; 
agreement, projwrtion ; concert, harmony. 
'Pout d'un accord, with one accord, uucUii- 
mously, Etre, foml'er ou demeurer d'accord, 
to agree, be agreed, consent. D'accord, je U 
veu,r bieii, done, I will, I cousent or agree to 
it, 1 grant it. Eire de tons tons accords ; to 
be for any thing proposed, of an eas^ disposi 
tion. Un instrumerU qui est ou qui n'est pas 
d'accord, an insti-ument in or out of tune, V 

AccoRDAELE, ^-k5r-dibl, adj. reconcila 
ble, conciliating, grantable. 
AccoRDAii.LES,a-kiir-d4i,s.f. pi. espousals. 

Accordant, e, adj. tunable, agreeing lo 

AccoRDE, s. m. keep stroke, order for 
rowers to strike toj^ether. 

Accord £, E,S.-kfir-da adj. reconciled, etc 

AccoRDE, s. m. adj. bridegroom. 

AcconDEE, s. f. acfj. bride. 

AccoRr)ER, ^-k6r-da, v. a. to reconcile, 
make friends ; compound, compose, adjust, 
make up (a difierence) ; to tune. Accorder 
sa loix area un iitstninient, to sing in tune 
with an instrument. Accorder Vadjectif avec 
le suhstaidif, to make the atljective and sub- 
stantive agree. To grant, allow. Accorder sa 
fille en iiutriage, to betroth one's daughter to 
a man. S'accorder, v. r. to agree, suit. 

AccoRDEUR, s. m. one wno tunes (musi- 
cal iiLsiruments.) 

AccoRDoiR, 4-k5r-dwir, s. m. tuning key. 

AccoRNE, E, adj. horned. 

AccoRT, E, ?i-kAr,kSrt,adj.courteous, civil, 
complaisant, affable. Subtle, cunning, crafly. 

*AccoRTiSE, s. f. civility, complaisance, 
aflfability, subtilily, cunning. 

AccosTABLE,^-k()s-t<iljl, adj. accostable, 
of an easy access, atfalile, civil, courteous. 

AccosTER, a-k6s-i'i, v. a to accost, make 
or come up to. Accoster, Mar. to near, com« 
along side of, stand directly towards. Ac 
caste or accoste a-bord, come along side. 
Accoster la terre de pres, to make free witn 
the land. S'accoster de qiielqu'un, v. r. t^ 
keep company with one, accost ota. 

AccoTER, S.-k5-ta, v. a. to prop up, sup- 
port, bear up. S'accoler contre, v. r. to lean 

AccoTOiR, a-kft-twir, s. m. prop, leanirg 

AccoucH]^E,4-k3o-sh^, s. f. woman newly 
brought to bed, wonian that lies in, woman iu 
the straw. 

Accouchement, i-kftosh-m6n, s.m child- 
bed, woman's delivery. 




bir, b&t, base : tli^re, dbb, ov^r : field, fig : ribe, rOH, I6rd : in6od, g^od. 

AccoucHER, a-k5o-sha, v. u. to briiiff forlh 
a child, be delis ered, be brought to bed. Ac- 
couclter avard le trrme, to miscarry. Acccmcher 
d'un outrage d'espi it, to produce a work of 

Arco/irher, v. a. to lay or deliver a woman, 
do the office of a midwife. 

Accoucheur, i-kflo-shSur, s. m. man- 

Accoucheuse, &-kflo-sh^uz, s. f. midwife. 

AccouDER, (s') si-k6o-da, v, r. to lean on 
one's elbow. 

AccouDoiR, ^-kfto-dwar. s. m. a leaning 
or elbow-place. Cliaise ci accoudoir, elbow- 

AccouER, V. a. to strike (a flag.) 

ACCOUPLE, s. f. Iccish. 

AccouiM.EMENT, ^-kftopl-m^, s. m. cou- 
pling or yoking together ; copulation of ani- 

AccouPLER, ?l-k5o-pla, v. a. to couple, 
join, or yoke together. S' decoupler, v. r. to 

AccouRCiR, ?l-k5or-s?r, v. a. to shorten, 
make shorter, abridge, cut off, clip. Accour- 
cir la vue, to make short-sighted, dim the sight. 
S'accourcir, v. r. to shorten, giow shorter, 

AccouRCissEMENT, s. m. shortening, 
abridging. AccourcissemeiU de cliemin, short- 

AccouHiR, ^-kSo-r?r, v. n. (like courir) to 
run to Acrourir en foule, to flock together. 

AccouRU, E, adj. run to. 

* AccousiNER, V. a. to treat as a cousin, 
call (one) cousin. 

* Accoutrement, k-k&otr-m?M, s. m. ac- 
coutrement, garb, dress. 

*Accou7RER, V. a. iparer) to accoutre, 
dress. To bang, thrash, beat. 

* AccouTUM ANCE, i-kfto-tfi-m^rts, s. f. use, 
habit, custom. ^ 

AccouTUME, E, ?l-kfto-tS-ma, adj. accus- 
tomed, used, inured, usual, wonted, ordinary. 
A I'accoidumee, adv. as usual, according to 

AccouTUMER,^-k6o-tu-ma,v. a. to aecus- ■ 
torn, use, inure. Accoutuvutr, v. n. to use, I 
be wont. S'accoutnvier, v. r. to accustom, 

J or inure one's self. 

AccRAVANTER,etc.V. ^ccaifer or JEcra,9e7-. 

AccREDiTER, i-kr?-d?-ta, v. a. to give 
authority, reputation, credit or sanction to ; to | 
put in esu-em. S'lccrediter, v. r. to get into 
credit, get a name, ingratiate one's self. 

At'iK^Ti.>N, s. f. accretion. 

AccKOc, ?i kr6, s. m. rent (in any thing 
that is eaupht by a hook.) Hook, thorn, or 
what may tear.^an impediment. 

AccRocHE, a-kr6sh, s. f. hindrance, ob- 

AccRocHEMENT, s. m. the act of catching 
with a hook. 

AccRocHER, &-kr5-sh^, v. a. to hang upon 
a h(X)k ; to hoolc in ; to catch ; to stay, stop, 
Accrocher un vaisseau, to grapple a ship. 
S'accrocher, v. r. to hang on, be caught, 
catch. S'cKcrocIier avec un vaisseau, to grap- 
ple with a ship. 

AcrRoiRE, 5-krwir, v. n. (onlj'used in 
the infinitive.) Ex. Faire aca-oire, to make 
believs, create a belief of a thing untnie. En 
faire aca-oire a quelqu'un, to impose upon 

■. a. 10 receive, 
surprise, over- 

one, put upon him. S'en/aire accroire, to ba 
self-conceited, think well of one's self. 

AccROissEAiENT, (i-krwas-m^M, s. m. in- 
crease, improvement, accretion, advance- 
ment, addition. 

AccRoiTRE, ^.-knvitr, v. a. (like a-oitre,j 
to increase, add, augment, improve, advance; 
to accrue. S'accroili-e, v. r. ou aca-oitre 
v. n. to increase, grow, be augmented or ad 

AccROUPi, E, adj. squat upon the ground. 

AccROUPiR, (s') sa-krflo-pir, v. r. to sit 
squat upon the ground. 

AccRoupissEMENT, 4-krdo-p!s-m^, s.m 
sitting squat. 

AccRU, E, adi. increased, etc. V Accroitre. 

AccuEiL, ii-lchul, s. m. reception, enter- 
tainment. Accueil fax-orable, kind reception. 
Faire accueil a quelqu'un, to make one wel- 

AccuEii.r.iR, ^-khw-Rr, 
entertain, make welcome ; 

Accui,, h.-k^\, s. m. place that has no outlet, 
a corner ; a small cove. 

Accui.EMENT, s. m. Mar. rising (of the 
timbers.) Acculemeitt de la maitresse varangue, 
rising of the midship^ floor timber. 

AccuLER, ^-^-la, V. a. to throw one on 
his tail, drive him to a place whence he can- 
not esc'ape, Acculer quelqu'un, to put one to 
a nonplus. S'acculer, v. r. to sit on one's tail, 
throw one's self into a place where there is no 
danger of being attacked behind. 

AccuMUi.ATEUR, s. m. accumulator. 

Accumulation, ^-A6-miVla-s?oM, s. f. ac- 
cumulation, heaping up. 

AccuMULER, &-Ki-mfl-li, V. a. to accu- 
mulate, heap up. S'accumider, v. r. to be ac- 
cumulated, increase. 

Accusable, ^-i&-zabl, adj. accusable, 

AccusAT-EUR^ rice, ^-A&-zl-tSur, trfs, s. 
m. et f. accuser, informer. 

AccusATir, i-Arfl-zi-tif, s. m. accusative 

Accusation, Si-Aru-si-sIow, s. f. accusation, 
information, charge, impeachment, indict 

AccusATOiRE, adj. accusatory. 

AcctJsf , E, adj. accused, informed against, 
etc. hence I'accus^, s. m. I'accus^e, s. f. the 
party accused, the prisoner or criminal. 

Accuser, &-A:fl-za, v. a. to accuse, inform 
against, charge with a crime, indict, impeach, 
reproach, dispute the validity of. To mention 
or give advice of (the receipt of a letter, etc.) 
To call (one's game.) S'accuser, v. r. to ac- 
cuse one's self. 

AcENS, s. m. or Acensement, a-s^ns-me??, 
s. m. leased farm or the letting out for a 
yearly rent. 

AcENSER, ^-s^M-s^, V. a. to lease or let out. 

AcEPHALE, S.-s§-fM, adj. without a head. 

AcERBE, ^-s2rb, adj. sour, sharp. 

AcERBiTE, s. f. acerbity, sourness. 

AcER^, E, 5.-s^-ra, adj. steeled, steely, of 
steel. Sharp, sharp-edged, keen, acute. 

AczRER, ^-s^-ri, v. a. to steel, tempei 
(iron with steel.) 

AcEscENCE, s. f. tendency to sourness. 

Acescent, e, adj. acescent, that has a 
tendency to sourness. 




biise, bfit : jeiiiie, ni^ute, beurre : wtfiw/i, chii, liera ; vi?t ; mow ; brun. 

Ac£tku -x, sk, a-se-lbu, teuz. adj. acelose 
or acetous. Aceleuse, s. f. sorrel. 

AcETUM, Atcaiise, distilled vinegar. 

AcHALANDE, E, adj. accustomed or that 
has customers. 

AcHAi.ANDER, ^-shi-l^?i-di\, V. n. to get 
custom, bring customers to. S'ackaLinder, v. 
r. to get or draw customers. 

AcHARNE, E, adj. provoked, etc. See 
Achai Tier. Achanie au combat, eager iti figlit. 

AcHARNF.MENT, S.-sh?irn-m6w, s. m. fury, 
rage (of animals towards their prey ;) animo- 
sitv', strong inclination, violent propenNity. 

AcHAaNER, S-shir-ua, v, a. to provoke, in- 
cense, exasperate ; to excite (aniinals) with the 
taste of flesh. S'achanier, v. r. sur ou contre, 
to be eager after or eagerly bent ujxjn, fall 
furiously upon, be enraged or have a spite 

Achat, i-sh^, s. m. purchase, bargain, 
buying, purchasing. 

Ache, ash, s. f. smallage, {an herb.) 

AcHEES, s. f. pi. worms used as baits ibr fish. 

AcHEME.NS, s. f. pi. (ill heraldry) mantles 

AcHEMiNEMENT, ish-mTn-mJrt, s, m. a 
waj', a means of coming to, an introduction. 

AcHEMiNER, ^sh-m!-na, v. a. to forward. 
Acliemimr un clieml, to teach a horse to keep 
the road. S'acliemiiier, v. r. to start, to take 
, one's way, begin one's journey, set forward. 
L'affaire s'achemiiie, the business goes for- 

Acheron, 4-k3-roM, s. m. Acheron, a river 
of hell. 

AcHETER, Jish-ta, V. a. to buy, nurcliase. 
Acheter hieii cher utie grace, to pay dear for a 

AcHETEUR, ^sh-tSur, s. m. buyer, chap- 
man, purchaser. 

AcHEVE, E, adj. finished, ended, conclud- 
ed; accomplished, complete, perfect, abso- 
lute, rare, excellent; arrant. Un clieval achec<! , 
a horse thoroughly managed. 

AcHEVEMKNT, d-sh§v-ra§rt, s. m. finish- 
ing, bringing to perfection, perfecting, accom- 

Ache VER, ish-vfi, v. a. to finish, end, close, 
conclude, make an end of, accomplish, bring 
to perfection, perfect, put the last or finishing 
hand, polish. A peine acherait-il de jxirler, 
he bad scarce done speakiii"', the words were 
scarce out of his mouth. Acherer de boire, to 
drink up. Acherer d'emplir, to fill uu. 

AcHiT, s m. a sort of vine that gvoUs wild 
in the Island of Madagascar. 

AcHOPPEMENT, it-sliflp-m3n, s. m.ov pierre 
d'achoppement, s. f. stumblingblock or stone. 

AcHOREs, .<!. m. pi. the thrush (a disorder.) 

AciDE, ^-s?d, adj. acid, sharp, sour. Aciile, 
s. m. a primitive salt (chymistry.) 

AciDiTE, i-s?-di-ta, s. f. acidity, sharpness, 

AciDur.E, i-sl-dfll, adj. of the nature of 
acids. Eaujc minerales acidules, acidulae. 

AciDULER, i-sl-dft-la, v. a, to temper with 
acids, make sour. 

AciER, a-si-a, s, m. steel. 

AciERi E, s. f. building where steel receives 
Its first shape after being melted. 

Acolyte, ^-kS-lit, s. m. acolyte, priest's 

AcoNiT, i-kft-n!t, s. m. the plant aconite. 

AcoRE, s. m. Mar, chuck, prop, shoar. 
Acores d'tm banc, edges of a bank. Etre ^ 
I'acore d'an banc, to be at the edge of a bank. 
V. Ecore. Les Arores, the Western islands 

AcoRER, v. a. Mar. to shoar up, Acorer 
une piece d'arrimage, to wedge a cask iu the 

AcoRUS, s, m. (/i/aTi/) acorus. 

AcoTARS, s. m. nl. Mar. filling pieces. 

AcOL'SMATE, ^-Kfios-mfU, s. m. noise of 
human voices or instruments thouglit to be 
heard in the air, 

AcousTiQ,UE, a-kftos-tik, s. f. acousticks- 
Acoustiqm, adj. relating or belonging to 
acousticks or to the hearing. 

AcQt;iREUR, li-k^-riaT, s. m. purchaser, 

AcQUERiR, a-^3-r?r, V. a. (See Qu^rit, 
in the table,) to acquire, gel, gain, purchase, 
buy, procure, obtain. S'ucquerir, v. r. to get, 
gain, be acquired, etc. 

Acq,ve.r,ii-k^,s. m. purchase, acquest, ac- 
c,uisition. // n'est pa-i si bet acquet que le don, 
no purchase is equal to a gift. 

AcciuiEscEMENT, ^-Jci-li-m^n, s. m. ac- 
quiescence, consent, compliance, assent. 

AcQuiEscER,a.-&i-e-sa, V. a. to acquiesce, 
yield, submit, consent, condescend, comply. 

Acqi.'is, E, (from acqu^rir) acquired, etc. 

Acquis, s. m. acquirement. Ex. Avoir de 
Vacquis, to have acquired knowledge. 

Acquisition, a-Ai-zI-slor«,s. f. acquisition, 

Acquit, S.-A?, s, m, acquittance, discharge ; 
I (at billuirds) the lead. Acquit de douane, 
cocket. Par jmmiere d'acquit, careless! v, neg- 
ligently, for fashion's sake, Jouer a VacquU, 
to play to see who shall pay tlie whole. 

Acquitter, ^-Ai-ta, v. a. to clear, acquit ; 
discharge, {)ay off. S'acquitier, v. r. to dear 
or dischara^e or pay otf one's debts. S'acquit- 
ier de son aeioir, to discharge or perform one's 
duty. S'acquitier d'une obligation, to discharge 
or requite an obligation. S'acquitter de sa 
promesse, to perform or make good one's 
promise. S'acquitter d'un vceu, to fulfil, ac- 
complish, or perform a vow. 

Acre, S,kr, adj. sharp, biting, tart, sour. 
I Acre, s.^m. acre of land. 
I Acrete, ikr-ta, s. f. sharpness, tartness, 
I acrimony. 

AcRiiioPiiAGE, adj. living on locusts. 
I Acridoj^hages, acridopliagi, or eaters of lo- 
' custs. 

AcRiMONiE, ^-kr?-m8-nl, s. f. acrimony. 

AcRiMo.MEU-x, SE, adj. acrimonious. 

AcROBATE, s. m. rope-dancer. 

AcROCHORDON, s. m. acrocliordon, wart. 

AcROcoME, s. m. & f. who has long hair. 

Acromion, s. m. acromion. 

AcRoxiQUE, adj. acronical. 

Ackostiche, a-kr6s-tlsh, s. m. &. f. acros- 

Acroteres, s. m. pi. pinnacles, pedestali 
in balustrades. 

Acte, akt, s. m. act, action, deed ; thesis; 
act of a play ; deed, act or instrument in law. 
Acfef, records, ptrf>lic registers, rolls. 

Act-euk rice, ak-t?ur, tris, s. m <fe f. 
actor, actress, player, a manager or promoter 
(of a business.) ^ 

AcTi-F, vE,ak-t?f, tlv, adj. active Effett 
actifs ou deltes ictives, debts owing or due » ua 




bar, bat, base : th^re, ^bb, ovir : field, fig- : r6bc, rOb, I6rd : mOod, gOod. 

AcTiUxS, ak-slow, s. f. action; operation, j| Adjoikdre, a4-~wi?«dr, v. a. (like jVnndre) 
working; act, deed, feat. Action ae ffraces, to adjoin, associate, give as an Eissistant. 

llianks, thanksgiving. Gesture. A suit at law, 
spetich, harangue ; sermon ; an^er, pjissiou ; 
movement, motion ; fight, battle ; posture ; 
stocks (of banks, etc.) 

Act I o N N A I K E , &k-sl8-n^r,s. m . stockholder. 

AcTio.vKEK, ak-sfS-nS., v. a, to sue, bring 
an action. 

AcTivEMENT, ak-llv-m?n, adv. actively, 
in ^n active sense. 

AcTiviTE, S.k-ti-v?-ta, s. f. activity, brisk- 
ness, quickness, nimbleness. Activited' esprit, 
readiness or quickness of wit. 

AcTUEL, LE, S^k-ti-Sl, adj. actual, real, 

AcTUELLEMENT, S^k-tfi-^l-mSn, adv. ac- 
tually, now. 

AcuT,TE,adj. [in printing) acute. 

AcUTASGLE,^i-M-t67jgl, adj. acutanCTiIar. 

*Adage, ^-daz, s. m. adage, proverb, old 

Adagio, adv. ada;^io, slowly. 

Adaptation, a-dip-ti-sion, s. f. adapta- 

Adapter, l-dip-t^, v. a. to adapt, apply. 

Adatis, s. m. East-India muslin. 

AnDrno.N-,ad-dt-£lo7<, s. f. addition. 

ADDfTioN.SEL, i-E, adj. additional. 

Additionner, Id-di-sJS-nS., v. a. to make 
an addition, cast up, add. 

Ademption , s. i. revocation of a legacy, etc. 
/ Ai'ENOGRAPHiE s f. a treatise of tlie 

Adepte, &-d3pt, s. m. adept, 

Adequat, te, adj. complete, total 
Adextre, e, adj. (in lieraldr-^ 
right hand, 

i-y) on the 

Adherence, i-d^-r^s, s. f. adlierence, 
adhesion, attachment. 

Adherent, e, i-d?-rin, r^t, adj. stick- 
ing, cleaving, attached to. 

Adherent, s. m. adherent, follower, par- 

Adherer, ?i-d3-r^, v. n. to cleave, adhere, 
slick, cling ; to adhere to, follow, side with, 
cleave to, stick to. 

Adhesion, a-dS-z!on, s. f. adhesion. 

Adiante, s. m. the plant maidenhair. 

Adiaphore, adj. indifferent, neutral. 

Adiaphoriste, s. m. &. f. a moderate Lu- 

Adieu, a-di6u, adv. adieu, farewell, God be 
with you. Adieu, mon argaii, farewell my 
money, or farewell to my money. Dire adieu 
h qiwlque chose, to bid a thing adieu or fare- 
well, renounce it, ^ive it over. Adieu, s. m. 
farewell, leave. Sans adieu, I don't take mv 
leave of you. Faire ses adieiix, to take one s 
leave. Adieu tw. Mar. helm's a lee. 

Adipeu-x, se, adj. adipous, fat. 

Adi RER, V. a. to lose, put out of the way. 

Adition, s. f. Adition d'lieredit^, accepta- 
tion or taking possession of an estate by he- 
reditary right. 

Adjacent, K, ^d-za-sin, s^t, adj. adja- 
cent, neighbouring. 

Adjkction, cid-z?k-s!on, s. f. adjection, 

AojECTi-F, VE, ^d-2?k-tlf, tlv, adj. <fe s. m. 

AnjECTivEMENT, ^d-cSk-i5v-miV, adv. 

Adjoint, e, &d-::wiBt,adj. adjoined, asso- 
ciated, given as an assistant. 

Adjoint, s. m. assistant, colleague, joint 

Adjonctio.v, ^d-so7;k-s?on,s.f. adjunction. 

Adjudant, kd-zit-dhn, s. m. adjutant. 

ADjuDicATAiRE,&d-ifl-d!-ka-t^r, s. m. & 
f. highest bidder ; party to whom a thing is 

Adjudicati-f, ve, adj. tliat adjudges or 

Adjudication, ad-ifl-dl-k^-sJon, s. f. ad- 
Ad JUGER,id-2fl-ia,v. a. to adjudge, award. 

Adjuration, M-zii-rk-shn, s. f- adjura- 
tion, form of exorcism. 
ADJURER,id-;ft-ra,v. a. to adjure, exorcise 

Admextre, ad-m^tr, v. a. (like mettre) to 
admit, receive, let in ; to admit of, approve of, 
allow, grant, acknowledge, entertain. 

Adminicule, Sd-mi-ni-A'fil, s. m. admini- 
cle, help, additional proof. 

Administrateur, ad-m]-n?s-tra-t?ur, s. 
m. administrator, trustee, governor (of an hos- 

Administration, Sd-m!-n?s-tri-s?on, s. f. 
administration, government, management. 

Administratrice, ad-m?-n!s-trS-trls, s. f. 
administratrix ; she who is entrusted witli the 
management of affairs in a nunnery. 

Administrer, ^d-m?-nls-tra, v. a. to ad- 
minister, manage, govern. Administrer des 
temoins, to procure evidence, bring proofs. 

Admirable, Sd-m?-rabl, adj. admirable, 
wonderful, inar\'e]lous, rare, good, excellent. 

Admirablement, id-m?-rabl-m^rt, adv. 
admirably, marvellously, wonderfuily, rarely, 
mio^hty well. 

Admirateur, ^d-mi-r^-t^ur, tr?s, s. m. 
Admiratrice, s. f. an admirer. 

Admirati-f, ve, ^d-m]-r^-t!f, tlv, afjj. ex- 
pressive of admiration. Point admiratif, note 
of admiration. 

Admiration, ^d-mf-ni-slon, s, f admira- 
tion, wonder. 

Admirer, ^d-m!-ri, v. a. to admire, won- 
der at. 

Admis, e, adj. admitted, etc. V, Admettre 

Admissible, ^d-mi-sTbl, adj. allowable. 

Admission, id-mi-s!o7j, s. f. admission, ad- 
mittance. ^ 

Admon^te, e, adj. admonished. 

Admon^tI, s. m. admonition, reprimand, 

Admoneter, &d-mft-n2-ti, v. a. to ad- 
monish, warn, reprimand. 

AdmoniteiFr, id-m6-nl-t§ur, s. m. moni- 
tor, admonislier. 

Admonition, S,d-m6-n!-s]on, s. f. admoni- 
tion, warning. 

Adolescence, a-d6-l3-s^rts, s. f. adoles- 
cence, youth. 

Adolescent, e, S,-d5-l^-s6n, s^t, s. m. & 
f. a )ourig man or woman. 

*Adonc, adv. then. 

Adonien ou Adonique, adj. Adonie, 

Adonis, l-dS-nJs, s. ni. Adonis, bean. A 

Adoniser, &-d5-n?-z^,v. a.lo dress finely 
S'adoniser, v. r. to deck one's self o'.it to ap 
pear j-oung. 




meute, beurre : infant, chit., lien ; viw ; mon : brun. 


Adonne. e. adj. addicted, inclined, bent. 

Adonner, (s') sa-dfi-ni, v. r. to addict, or 
apply one's self to, give one's mind to, follow. 
S'adonner a un liai, to frequent a place, be 
often at a place. Adcmner, v. n. Mar. to draw 
aft, (said of the wind when it becomes favour- 
able.) Les vents admiwnt, the wind draws 
aft, Le rent adonm et refuse, the wind veers 
and hauls. 

Adopter, ^-dSp-t^,v. a. to adopt, prefer. 

Adopti-f, \ E, a-dflp-tif, tiv, adj. adoptive. 

Adoption, i-dflp-s?ow, s. f. adoption. 

Adorable, a-dd-rcibl, adj. adorable. 

Adorateur, i-dd-ri-teur, s. m. adorer, 
great admirer. 

Adoration, S,-dA-rl-s?on, s. f. adoration, 
Worship, reverence. 

Adorer, 5.-dfi-r^, v. a. to adore, worship, 

A DOS, ^-d6, s, m. shelving-bed, border in a 

Adossement, s. m. sitting- back to back, 
leaning against with the back, backing, 
Strengtnenmg backward. 

Adosser, a-d6-sa, v. a. to set the back 
against a thing, set back to back, strengtiien 
backw£ird. S'adosser, v. r. to lean one's back. 

repair. Adauber, v. n. (at chess, drauglUs, 
etc.) to touch a piece only to .set it right. 

Adoucir, a-dSo-s?r, V. a. to sweeten, make 
Bweet; to soften, make soft, smooth, make 
smooth ; allay, mitigate, assuage, ease, allevi- 
ate, to appease, pacify. Adoucir le son de la 
trompette, to make a trumpet souiu^ softer. La 
•pluie a adouci le temps, the weather is grown 
mild after the rain. S^adonci?-, v. r. to 
sweeten, grow sweet ; soften, grow soft, grow 
mild, or gentle ; be tamed, assuaged, lenlfied, 
tempered, etc. 

AnoucissANT, E, adj. softening, lenitive, 

Adoucissant s. m. emollient medicine, 

Adoucissement, S.-d3o-s!s-m<!ra, s. m. 
sweetening, softening, or smoothing; allay, 
ease, mitigation, assuaging, lenifying, appeas- 
ing, alleviation ; temper. Jl faut apporter 
qtielque adoucissement aux mots qui ne sont pas 
men Stablis, some lenitive must be used for 
words that aie not current. 

ADOui, E, ^-dSo-H, adj. coupled, paired, 
(said of partridges, etc.) 

Adragant, s, iti. adraganth, or gum dra- 
Adressaht, e, adj. directed, addressed. 
Adresse, a-dr?s, s.f. direction, address; 
industry, dexterity, cunning, knack ; subtlety, 
cunning, craftiness, slyness, shrewdness. L'a- 
dresse d'une lettre, the direction of a letter. 
Bureau d'adresse. office of intelligence. 

ADREssER,i-drS-sa,v. a. to address, direct, 
send. Adresser un livre a qnelquUm, to dedicate 
a book to one. S'adresser, v. r. to be directed. 
S'adresserh qttelqu^un. to apply, make appli- 
cation. Ce discours s'adresse a vous seiil, this 
discourse regards, or is directed to you alone. 
Adresser, v. n. to hit the mark. 

Adroit, e, ^L-dnv^, drw^t, adj. dexterous, 
handy, ingenious, industrious, cunning, ner.t, 
tkilful; siibtle, sly, wise. 

Adroit, ?. m. cunning or suMIe fellow. 

ADR0iTEME.NT,a,-dr3iwt-mGn, adv. dexte- 

I rously, neatly, industriously, wisely ; can' 
ningly, subtilely. 

Adulat-eur, RiCE,^-dfl-l§,-t?ur,trIs,s m 
&. f. flatterer. 

Adulation, ^-dB-li-sIon, s. f. flattery. 

AuuLER, v. a. to flatter 

ADULTE,^-d51t, adj. adult. 

ADULTERAT19N, s. f. adulteration. 

Adultere, d-dfll-tir, adj. adulterpus; 

Adulters, s, m. adulterer, adultery, 
avowtry. Adult^re, s. f. adulteress. 

Adulterer, v. a. to adulterate, (in plu^r 
macy.) Adulterer, v. n, to commit adulte- 
ry. ^ 

Adulterin, e. Il-d?d-t?-ri«, rfn, adj. 
adulterine, bastardly, begotten in adultery. 

Aduste, adj. adust, over-heated. 

Adustion,s. f. adustion, buniing. 

Adventi-f, ve, ad-v^-tif, tlv, adj. ad- 
ventitious, casual. 

Adverbe, ad-v?rb, s. m. adverb. 

Adverbial, e, fid-v§r-bial, adj. adverb- 
ial, belonging to the adverb. 

Ad vekbialement, ?id-vSr-bial-m^«, adv. 

Adverbialit^, s. f. quality of a word 
looked upon as an adverb. 

Ad VERSAiRE, ^d-v^r-sir, s. m. &, f. adver* 
sary, adverse party, op poser. 

Adversati-f,ve, ^d-vSr-si-tlf, tlv, adj. 

Adverse, id-v5rs, adj. adverse. 

ADVERsiTi:, ad-v?r-s?-ti, s. t'. adversity, 
calamitj', misery, trouble. 

AEOLipyLE,s. m. acolipile. 

Aer:^, E, a-?-rft, adj. in an airy situation. 

Aerer, iv-(^-ra,v. a. to air, give the enjoy- 
ment of air, ex]X)se to the air. 

Aerien, NE,&-^-rl2n, ri^n, adj. aerial, airy. 

AP.rif.r, 5l-^-r?a. V Aerer. 

Aeriforme, adj. said of a fluid that has 
the physical properties of air. 

Aerographie, s. f. aerography. 

Aerologie, s. f. aerology. 

A |romancie, s. f. acromancy. 

Aerometre, s. m. aerometer, (instivmettt 
to measure the density of air.) 

Akrometrie, s. f. aeronietrj*. 

AiRONAUTE, a-^-rS-nAt, s. m. aeronaut, 
aerial navigator. 

A EROPHOBE, s. m. one who dreads the air 

Aj^ROPHOEiE, s. m. aerophobia, dread of 
the air. 

Aerostat, a-S-rSs-tSi, s. m. aenjstatick 
machine, air balloon. 

AEROSTATiquE, adj. aerostatick. 

A^RUGiNEUX, V. Emsrineux. 

AFFABiLiTi:, ?i-fa-bI-U-t^, s. f. aflability, 
court e-sy. 

Affable, li-f?ibl, adj. aflablc, civil, courte- 

AFFABLEMENT,adv. affably, courteously, 
lovingly, kindly. 

Affabulation, s. f. moral of a fable. 

Affadir, ^-fa-dir, v. a. to render insipid, 
to cloy, disgust. 

AFFADissEMENT,i-f^-<Hs-m2n, s.m. cloy- 
ment, nauseousncss. 

Affaire, S-fer, s. f. aiTair, business, thing, 
matter ; case, cause or suit in law ; concern, 
bargain ; trouble, scrape, pain ; qunrrcl ; oc- 
casion, want, need. Se tira- d'ajjairt, to re- 




bir, bAl, l>fise : lli^re, ebb, ov^r : field, 1% : rbbe, rdb, Idrd : ni6od, g-dod. 

rover. Eire tiuil dans ses affaires, /aire mal 
$&$ affaires, not to thrive, to ^o down the wind. 
Faire bifii. ses affaires, to thrive, do well, pros- 
per. Faire ses affaires, to answer the calls of 
nature. Avoir affairt a des forces superieures, 
to have to contend with an enemy of superiour 
force. ^ 

Affaire, E,l.-f^-r8, adj. busy, fuUofbusi- 

Affaissement, ^-fh-m^n, s. m. sinking-, 
weighing down, pressing down. 

Affaisser, d-f§-si, V. a. to press, weigh 
down. S'affaisser, v. r. to siiK (wiih too 
much weight.) 

Affaitkr, v. a. to train (a haick,) to tame. 

Affal^, E,a-fa-la, adj. wind-bound. Etre 
affale, to be over-hauled, embayed. Affale 
sur la cote, embayed, 

Affa, &-fa-la, v. a. Mar. to lower, over- 
haul. Affaler un palan, to shift a tackle. 
S'affaler, v. r. to get embayed or becalmed. 

Aj^'fa m £, e, adj . famished, starved ; greedy. 
Un liabit affanie, a scanty coat. 

AFFAjMER,S.-fa-ma, v. a. to famish, starve. 
Aff^amer son ecrUure, to make one's strokes in 
writing too fine. 

Affeagement, S,-fS-LE-m5n, s, m. the 
granting on fee farm. 

Affeager, 3.-fS-S.-s^, V. a. to grant on fee 

Affectation, i-f?k-l3.-s?on,s. f. affecta- 

Affectf, e, adj. affected; studied, over- 
curiously done ; assigned, attributed proi)er or 
properly belonging to some thing ; afflicted. 
AFFECTER,^-f^k-t^,v. a. to destine, appro- 
priate ; to mortgage ; to aflect, do with too 
much study, to study, desire. S'affecter, v. r. 
to be affected. 

AffectI"F, ve, S,-f§k-iTf, tlv, adj. Ex. 
Thevlogie affeciire, t'lat part of theology which 
moves the affections. 

Affection, ?L-f?k-s?ow,s. f. affection; love, 
benevolence, good-will, kindness, inclination, 
passion ; mind, study, desire ; zeal, earnest- 
ness: attachment. 

Affections^, e, i-f^k-s?3-nii, adj. affec- 
tionate, well-affected. Mal affectionw, ill-af- 
fected. Affectionne h xme cfwse, addicted to 
a thing. 

AFFECTioNNER,?i-f?k-sTS-n^, V. a. to love, 
have a love or an affection for, affect, fancy, 
like, favour. A fectionnerune affaire, to espouse 
a cause. S'affeclionner, v.r. (kqitelqite chose,J 
to attach or apply one's self to a th i ng. 

Affectueusement, ^-fSk-tWuz-mSn, 
adv. affectionately, heartily. 

Affecti;eu-x, se, ^-f^k-tfl-iu, ^uz, adj. 
affectionate, kind, obliging, hearty, affecting. 

AFFERMER,^-f2r-m^, v. a. to farm, let, 
lease out ; to hire, rent, taKe on a lease. 

AFFERMiR,i-f^r-mir, v. a. to strengthen, 
fasten, make fast or firm. Affemiir son pied, 
to set one's foot upon sure ground. To har- 
den, consolidate, make hard, firm or tou^h ; i 
to establish, conform, settle, secure, corrobo- 
rate, fortify. Affermir son esjiril cmitre les 
dangers, to inure or harden one's self against 
dangers. S'affermir, v. r. to be confirmed or 
established, S'affermir dans son dessein, to 
persist in one's design. 

Affermissemknt, ^-f?r-m?s-m?w, s. m. 
stay, support, prop ; strengthening, fastening, 

etc. Establishment, confirmation, settlement. 
AFFiTE, E, a-fg-ia, adj. affected, full of 
affectation, precise, nice. 

Affeteuik, ^-f^t-ri, s. f. affectation, pre 
ciseness, niceness. 

Affetto or Affettuoso, adv. to be 
plaj'ed witii a tender expression fin mnsick.) 

Xr¥y.VRXQ¥.,Affeurer, V. Affora^e,afforer. 

Affiche, ^-fish, s. f. bill or paper posted 
up in publick places, placard, 

Afficher, S-fr-sha, v. a. to post up. 

Afficheur, i-fi-sliSur, s. m. one that 
posts up bills, papers or placards. 

AFFioi, E, ^-fJ-di, adj. trusty, Affde, 
s, m. trusty friend, confidant. 

Affier, v. a. to plant, graft. 

Affil^, e, adj. sharpened, whetted, set, 
keen. Avoir la kmgue bien affilee, to have a 
nimble or glib ton"-ue. 

Affilek, ^-fi-m, V, n. to set, set on edge, 
sharpen, whet. 

Affiliation, 5.-fi-ll-S,-slon, s. f. affiliation, 

Affilier, a-f?-ll-a, v. a. to adopt, also to 
initiate in all the m3'steries of a religious or- 
der. S'aff.lier, to join or unite one's self to a 
church or society. 
Affinage, ^-f i-n?li, s. m. afl^nage, refining. 

Affine, e, adj. fined, refined. 

Affinement, s. m. V. Affnage. 

Affiner. ^-f?-n^, V. a. to make finer, re- 
fine (metals, etc.) Affiner qmlqu'un, to cheat 
one. Affiner, v. n. to clear up, (said of the 
weather.) S'ajiner, v. r. to grow refined. 

Affinerie, ?L-f?n-rl, s. f. a little forge 
where iron is made into wire ; iron refined 
and prepared for sale ; finary. 

Affineur, ^-f!-nefir, s. m. refiner. 

Affinite, i-fi-nl-ta, s. f. affinity ; rela- 
tion, agreement, acc|uaintance, familiarity. 

Affinoir, ^-f'i-nwir, s. m. hatchel to 
make hemp finer. 

AFFiquET, a-f?-M,s. m. case for knitting 
needles. Affiquets, s. m. pi. trinkets or little 
ornaments (of a uoman's dress.) 

Affirmant, E, adj. affirmant, affirming. 

Affir-mati-f, ve, ^-f?r-ma-tif, tlv, acQ, 
affirmative, peremjitory, positive. 

Affirmation, a-fir-mS-si^M, s. f. affirma 
tion, assertion ; oath, affidavit. 

Affirmative, s. f. affirmative. 

Affirm ATI VEMENT, ^-fir-mS-tiv-mJw^ 
adv. affirmatively, by way of affirmation, 

Affirmer, i-f?r-m^, v. n. to affirm, assert, 
ascertain, assure, maintain ; to swear, take 
one's oath, confirm with an oath. 

Affleurer, V, a. to level. Affleurer, 
Mar. to fay. 

Affliction, ^-fl?k-s?o«, s. f. afflictioi^ 
trouble, sorrow, anguish, vexation, grief ; ad 
versity, misfortune, calamity, misery, dia^ 

Afflicti-f, ve, i-flik-tif, tlv, adj. Ex. 
Peine afflictive, corporeal punishment. 

Afflige, e, actj, afflicted, grieved, trou- 
bled, sorrowfid ; cast down, vexed, disquieted ; 
distressed, in affliction or distress. 
Afflige, E, s. m. & f. a person afflicted, etc. 

Affligeant,e, K-^-tl'n,xbn\., adj .afflict. 
ing,affliclive, sad, grievous. 

Affliger, ^-flf-r^, V. a. to afflict, grieve, 
trouble, cast down ; to vex, i.<is(]tiiet, lotnieuf, 



bilise, bflt : j^une, m^ute, beurre : ^nf iwt, chit, Vihi : v'm : more ; brun. 

mortify, macerate. S'qffliger, v. n. to grieve ; 
be afflicted, troubled m- cast down. 

Afflouer, v. a. Mar. to come afloat. 

Affluence, i-flfl-^is, s. f. affluence, 
plenty, great store, abundance. Affineiwe de 
tnonae, concourse or great resort o^ people. 

Affluent, E, a-fl&-^w, tet, adj. running 

Affluer, i-flft-^, V. n. to flow, run (into 
the same place ;) to abound, to resort or come 
together, flock. 

Affoiblir, ^-f^-bllr, v. a. to weaken, 
make weak or faint, debilitate, enervate, en- 
feeble. Affoiblir la numnoie, to clip coin, di- 
minish the weight of it. S'affoiblir, v. r. to 
grow weak, feeble or infirm, to lose one's 
strength, decay. 

AFFOIBLISSANT,E,i-f^-blI-S^, S^t, adj. 


Affoiblissement, i-fS-bl?s-m?n, s. m. 
weakening, enfeebling. Affoiblissement de 
courage, tfiscouragement. Affoiblisseincnt de 
numrwies, clipping, reducing the weight of 

Affol^, e, k-ff>-\h, adj. extremely fond, 
desperately in love, doting. Boussole oa Ai- 
guille aJ'oUe, bad compass, compass not 
true. ' 

Affoler, v. a. to make extremely fond, to 
make one dote upon. 

Affolir, v. n. to grow foolish. 

Afforage,s. m. assize or price set by the 
Magistrates; du'y paid to tlie lord of the 
manor for selling wine, etc. 

Afforer, v. a. to assize, set the price. 

*Affouguer, V. a. to give fire. 

Affouragement, h-i'&o-rtu-min, s. m. i 
foddering, feeding. ^ [ 

Affourager, ^-fdo-ri-2^, v. a. to fodder, I 

Affourcher, i-fftor-shi, v. a. Mar. to 
moor or moor across, cast one anchor and ca- 
ble pcross another. Affotircher arec un cable 
rur chaqtie ancre, to moor with a cable each 

Affourer, v. a. V. Affmirager. 

Affranchi, e, ci-fri«-sh?, shi, adj. free, 
freed, set at lil)erty, etc. Affranchi, e, s. m. 
& f. one made free. 

Affranchir, 2i-fr^n-sh?r, v. n. to free one 
from a thing; to set free, make free, give one 
his liberty, enfranchise. Affranchir tme lettre, 
to frank a letter. To free, deliver, exempt, 
discharge. Affranchir un butiment, Mar. to 
free a ship of water, pump her out dry. 
S'affranchir, v. r. to free or to rid one's self, 
get free. 

Affranchissement, i-fr^n-shls-mSn, s. 
m. setting free, delivery, discharge, exemp- 
tion, enfranchisement. 

Affres, s. f. pi. great fright. 

Affretement, ^-frh-min, s. m. Mar. 
freight or hire (of a ship.) 

Affretf.r, i-fr^-ta, v. a. Mar. to freight. 

Affreteur, i-fr?-t?ur, s. m. freighter. 

>FFREUSEMENT, K-Muz-mht, adv. horri- 
bly terribly, dreadfully, frightfully. 

Affreu-x, se, ^-fr^u, fr^uz, adj. hideous, 
dreadful, grisly, ghastly, frightful," terrible. 

AFFRiANDKR.ifrl-^-d^, v. a. to make 
dainty, to allure with dainties. 

Affrioler, ^-fri-fi-la, v. a. to allure, en- 
tice, decoy. 

Affriter, v. a. Affriter une pnele neure, 
to prepare and try a new frying-pan, so as to 
make it fit for frying with. 

Affront, ^-Tron,s. m. affront, abuse, con- 
tumely; reproach, disgrace, dishonour, shame. 

Affr()NTailles,s. f. pi. bounds of several 
pieces of ground. 

Affronte, e, adj. facing each other, (in 
heraldry ;) dared. 

Affronter, 4-frore-t^, v. a. to encounter, 
attack with great resolution, dare ; to cheat, 
gull, cozen. 

Affronterie, i-front-rl, s. f. cheat, co- 
zening; effrontery. 

Affronteu-r, se, i-frow-t^ur, tiuz, s. m. 
&. f. cheat, impostor. 

Affublement, ^-fftbl-m2«, s. in. cover- 
ing, any thing that serves to muffle or wrap up 
one's head or body. 

Affubler, i-ffi-bla, v. a. to muffle, cover 
up. S'aff'ubler de quelqu^un, v. r. to be wrap- 
ped up in any one. 

AffCt, S-fi'i, s. m. carriage for a gun or 
mortar; place where the hunter waits for 
game. Eire h I'ajfttt, fo be upon the watch. 

AffCtage, i-ffi-tis, s. m. mounting of a 
piece of ordnance ; a set of tools, implements ; 
dressing of an old hat ", grinding of tools. 

Aff^t^:, e, adj. mounted (caimon;) that 
has his tools ready, furnished with tools, set 

AffOter, i-ffl-t!l, V. a. un canon, to mount 
a cannon. Affuter un outil, to set a tool, make 
it sharp. 

Afi LAGER, s.m. officer presiding over pub- 
lick sales at Amsterdam. 

Afin de, S-firt, (with inffniiire,) in order to. 
Afin que, (with subjunctive,) that, to the end or 
in order that. As ajin de and afin que are 
often equivalent to pour and jxmr que. — See 

Aga, i-gi, s. m. ags, (Turkish officer.) 

Aga^ant, E.i-gJl-s^, siret, adj. enticmg, 

Agace, s. f. a magpie. 

Agacement, ^-g&s-mSre, s. m. setting on 

AGACER,5.-gi-s5l, (les dents,) v. a. to set 
(the teeth) on edge; to provoke, urge, egg, 
an^r, exasperate, entice. 

Agacerie, ^-gSs-ri, s. f. enticement, en- 
couragement. Faire des agaceries ft qitelqu'un. 
to make advances to one Jin love ajfairs.) 

Agallochium, 8. m. aloes. 

Agapes, ^-g^p, s. f. pi. love feasts, (among 
primitive christians.| 

Agap^tes, s. f. pi. virgins in the primitive 

Agaric, K-gk-tik, s. m. agaric, (a plant.) 

Agasillis,s. m. shrub that produces the 
ammoniacol gum. 

Agate, l-g^t, s. f. agate. 

Age, i;r, s. m. age, one's days, years, life. 
Bos age, jetine Age, Age tendre, tender age, 
infancy, childhood, youth. Jl ne petd pas ven- 
dre soil Men, il n'est pas d'dge. he cannot sell 
his estate, he is not of age or he is under age. 
La merveille de notre Age, the wonder of our 
age, days ortime. Several centuries, an age, 
tract of time. L'&ge ou le sUcie d'or, the 
golden age. 

Ace, F, adj. aged; ^tre hgl de vingtans, 
to be twenty j'ears old ; aged, old, elaerly, 




b^ti-, bit, base : th^re, gbb, ovir : field, fig . r6be, r6b, 16rd : miod, gbod. 

well stricken in years. 11 est dg^, he is in 

Agesck, K-z<^ns. s. f. agency. 

Agencement, kshis-m^n, s. m. order, 
arrangement ; (grouping (in painting.) 

Agencer, d-:^«-s5. V. a. to set in order, 
Hrraiige, dis])ose, fit up. S'agencer, v. r. to 
rigor trim one's self. 

Agenda, i-sin-di, s. m. memorandum, 
>ook of memorandums, table-book, pocket- 

Agenouiller, ^z-nio-lK, v. a. to kneel 
down. S'agenouiller, v. a. to kneel, kneel 
down, fall upon one's knees. 

Agenouilloir, s. m. hassock, bench to 
kneel upon at prayers. 

Agent, ^-z^n, s. m. agent. Agent de 
change, exchange broker. 

AGioMETRiE, s. f deviation ftwrn the rules 
of geometry. 

Agglomeratiojt, s. f. agglomeration. 

Aggi.omerer, v. b. to agglomerate, ga- 
ther up in a ball. 

Aggi.utinajtt, e, adj. & s. agglutinant; 
des agglutinans, aggljitinants. 

Agglutinati-f, ve, adj. agglutinative. 

Agglutination, s. f. agglutination. 

Agglutisement,s. m. agglutination, co- 

Agglotiner, v.^ a. to agglutinate. 

Aggravant, E,a.-grd-v^t, \ha, adj. ag- 

Aggravation, s. f. aggravation. 

Aggrave, s. m. threatening, monitory. 

Aggrave, E, adj. aggravated; (de som- 
meil,) heavy with sleep. 

Aggraver, a-CTa-v^, v. a. to aggravate. 

Agile, k-zW, adj. agile, quick, nimble, ac- 

Agilement, i-jH-m&j, adv. nimbly, rea- 
dily, quicklv. 

' Agilite, k-zl-M-tk, s. f. nimbleness, agi- 
lity, quickness, swiftness, activity. 

Agio, i-ii-A, s. m. course of exchange. 

Agios, s. m. pi. trinkets. 

Agiotage, i-i?-ft-tis, s. m. stock -jobbin"', 

Agioter, k-zl-6-ik, v. n. to be a stock- 

AGiOTEUR,S.-2?-5-teflr,s.m. a stock-jobber. 

Agir, k-zlr, V. n. to act, to deal with, ope- 
rate; influence, work; to negociate. manage; 
(maniere tPagir) way of proceeding, course. 
Agir contve qtie'lfnt'un, to sue, prosecute any 
one at law. J7 s'agit, the matter or point is. 
Ex. De quoi s'agU-il? what's the matter? 
n nt s'agit pas de cela, that is not the business 
in hand. 7Z s'agit de voire vie, your life is at 
stake or in danger. 

Agissant, e, i-t!-s^, s^, adj. eflBca- 
cious, active, busy, stirring. 
Agitateur, s. m. agitator, - 
Agitation, i-ii-t^-siow, s. f. agitation, 
toss, violent motion, jolting, tumbling, per- 
turbati( a, trouble. 

Agiter, ?i-ii-ta, V. a. to shake, toss, tum- 
ble, jolt , to agitate, hurry, trouble, disquiet, 
torture; to agitate or debate (a question.) 
S'agiter, to put one's self into a violent mo- 
tion, throw one's self about, oe agitated, etc. 
Agnat, kg-nh, s. m. male issue, descend- 
ing from a collateral male line. 

Agnatiquk, %-ni\-tIk, adj. relating to 
aiale issue. 

Agnation, ag-n^-s1on, s. f agnation. 

Agneau, 3.-gnA, s. m. lamb. De Cagnetm 
ou chair d'agrwm, lamb or lamb flesh. 

Agneler, 4gn-la, v. a. to yean, bring 
forth lambs. 

*Agnelet, Sgn-l8, s. m. lambkin, 

Agnels, s. m. an ancient French coin. 

Agnus, a-gnfis, s. m. Agnus Dei, Lamb 

Agnus-castus, ^-gnfls-kas-tfls, s. m. ag- 

Agonie, li-gh-xA, s. f. agony, pangs of 
death, last gasp; extreme anguish, grief, 
trouble. Eire k I'agonie, to be at the point 
of death. 

Agonisant, e, adj. dying, in a dying con- 

Agoniser, k-gi-nl-zh, v. n. to be at the 
point of death, be dying, be in agony. 

Agonistique, adj. agonistic, relating to 
prize fighting. Agonistiqne, s. f. agonism. 

Agonothete,^. m. oflScer who presided 
at ancient games. 

Agonyclytes, s. m. pi. christians who 
never kneeled in prayer. 

Agrafe, ^-gnif,s. f. clasp. Agrafe djicne 
Iwtte, brace of a dorser or pannier. 

Agrafer, k-gA-ik, v. a. to clasp. 

Agraire, a-grer, adj. agrarian. 

Agrandir, h-grkn-Sr, v. a. to enlarge, 
make greater or bigger, increase, augment, 
improve ; to raise, advance, prefer ; to am- 
plify, exaggerate, aggravate. S'agrandir, 
V, r. to raise or advance one's self, advance 
or make one's fortune, enlarge one's estate, 
grow, increase. 

Agrandissement, i-gr^ra-d!s-m^, s. m. 
improvement, enlarging, increase. Advance- 
ment, preferment, promotion, growth, rise. 

Agreable, k-grk-kb\, am. agreeable, 
pleasant, pleasing, acceptable, welcome, 
CTateful, charming. Agreable, s. m. Ex. 
Joindre t'ulile a PagrMle, to join profit with 
pleasure. Avoir •pour agreable, to like, ac- 
cept, be pleased with. 

Acreablement, k-gri-k\A-mhi, adv. 
agreeably, pleasantly, merrily, gladly, com- 

Agreer, k-gri-k, v, a. to accept, receive 
kindly; to allow, approve of, like ; v. n. to 
please, be pleasing or acceptable to. Agreez 
que je voits dise, give me leave to tell you, 
Agreer ten vaissecai, to rig a ship. 

AGREEUR,^-gr^-^ur,s. m. rigger of ships, 

Agr^gat, k-gi^-gk, s. m. aggregate. 

Agregation, k-gri-^-si^n,s. f. admis- 
sion (into a society ;) aggregation ; adherence. 
Corps par agregation, aggregate body. 

Agreg^, E,i-gr5-i^, adj. aggregated, ad- 
mitted \into a society ;) agrfg4 au college roy- 
al, fellow of the royal college. Agr4ge, s. m. 
aggregate, aggregate body. 

Aor£ger, k-grk-zk,\. a. to aggregate, 
admit (into a society.) 

AGREMENT,i-gf^-m^w, s. m. liking, ap 
probation, consent, agreeableness, charm, al- 
lurement, agreeable quality', comfort, plea- 
sure, delight. Ornament, what helps to 8el 
oflT (in dre^s.) Variation (in vuisick.) 

Acres, k-grh., s. m. pi. Mar. rigging. 

AoRESSER, ^-gr<^-s?i, v. a. to aggress, 

AGRESSEUR,^^-'grt-s?iir. s. in. asgressor. 

Agression i-gr2-s!on, s. t. aggres.siou. 




biW, bfit: j^une, m^ute, beurre: hifknt, cSnt, Wen: vm; nio?i; bru«. 

Agreste, k-grist, adj. wild, agrestic, ill 
bred, rustic, clownish, unmannerly, savage. 
Fruit agreste, wild fniit. 

Agricole, adj. addicted to agriculture. 

Agrictjlteur, s. m. one who cultivates 
the earth. 

Agriculture, ^-gr?-kul-tur, s. f. agricul- 
ture, husbandry. 

Agrie, s. f. kind of tetter which corrodes 
the skin and causes the hair to fall oflT. 

Agriffer, (s') v. r. to catch with the 
claws, lay hold of, seize, cling fast. 

AGniMOiNE, s. f. V. Aigremoirte. 

Agriophage, adj. thai lives upon wild 

Agriote, ^-gri-3t, s. f. sour cherry. 

Agripaume, s. f. mother-wort. 

Agripper, a-gri-pS., v. a. tooripe, seize, 
catch at. S'agripper, v. r. to lay hold of, 
cling to. 

Agronomie, s. f. theory of agriculture. 

Agronome, s. m. a theoretical farmer. 

Agrouper, V. GroujKr. 

Aguerri, e, adj. disciplined, exercised in 
martial discipline, mured to the hardships of 
war, experienced in war. SoldcUs mat ag>ier- 
ris, undisciplined, unexperienced or raw sol- 

Aguerrir, i-^S-rir, v. a. to train up in 
war, discipline, inure to the hardships of war. 
S'aguen-ir, v. r. to grow warlike, use or inure 
one's self to the hardships of war; (a une 
chose,) to use one's self to a thing. 

Aguets, ?i-g^, 3. m. pi. watch, watching. 
Eire or se tenir aux aguets, to lie in wait, be 
upon the watch. 

Ah, i". interj.oh! alas! A! ah, hah! ho! 

*Ahan, s. m. trouble, labour, fatigue ; faire 
urn chose avec aJmn, to do a tiling with great 

*Ahauer, v. n. to toil, to be in pain. 

Aheurte, e, adj. obstinate, stiff, peremp- 

Aheurtement, ^-?urt-m3«, s. m. obsti- 
nacy, stiffness of opinion. 

Aheurter, (s') i-§ur-ti, v. r. to maintain 
a thing obstinately or to stick to it, be stiff or 
obstinate in a thing, persist firm in a purpose, 
be fully resolved. 

Ah I, ^-!, interj. of pain. Oh ! 

*Ahurir, ^-&-rir, v. a. to amaze, confuse, 

AiDAXT, adj. helping. Ex. Dim aidant, 
by God's help. 

Aide, Sd, s. m. helper, assistant, mate. 
Aide a ma(;on, mason's man. Aide de cuisine, 
under cook. Aide de cir^nwnies, under mas- 
ter of the ceremonies. Aide major, adjutant. 

Aides, Mar. Aides-clmrjientiers, carpen- 
ter's crew. Aifks-chirtirgiens, surgeon's 
mates. Aide-pilofe, pilot's mate or ratlier 
quarter-master. Aides-voilkrs, sail-maker's 

Aide, s. f. aid, assistance, help, relief, sup- 
port, helper, help, (a serving womaji ;) chapel 
of ease. A reticle, help ! 

Aides, ^d, s. f. pi. excise, taxes, customs, 
subsidies. La cour des aides, the court of ex- 

Aider, ?-dl, v. a. to aid, assist, help, suc- 
cour, favour, relievcj support. Aider -a la 
(ettre, to supply what is not expressed, to em- 
\.cllisii. it aider, v. r. to help one's, self. 

S'aider on s'erUr'aider, to help one another. 
S'aider de q^ielque chose, to use a thing, make 
use of it. 

AiE, ky, interj. oh ! oh dear. 

AlEUL,E, §i-y§ul,s. m. and f. grandfather, 
grandmother; in vie. plural, Aieuls, m. & 
AXeules, f. Aieux, forefatliers, ancestors, pre- 

AiGAiL, s. m. dew. 

AiGAYER, v. a. to wash, soak, rinse. 

AiGLE, %1, s. f. & m. eagle ; an eagle of 
copper with extended wings used as a clcsk in 
the middle of a choir ; sort of ray. Des yenx 
d'aigle, eagle's eyes, piercing eyes. Vd 
d'aigle, bold flight (of llie mimC.\ 

AiGLETTES, §-glSt, s. f. pi. eaglcts {in 

AiGLOiV, ^-glon, s. m. eaglet, young eagle. 

AiG RE, ^gr, adj. sour, sharp of taste, strong, 
ill, unpleasant, harsh, rough, fragile, brittle, 
sour, sharp, bitter, crabbed, rough, ill-natured, 
churlish, severe (person.) 

AiGRE, s. m. sourness. Aigre d£ Union. 
lemonade; aigre doux, between sweet anri 

AiGREFiN, Sgr-fi«, s. m. one who lives by 
his wits, sharper. 

AiGRELET, TE, 3gr-lfi, let, adj. sourish, a 
little sour. 

AiGREMENT,?CT-m37J, adv. sourly, sharp- 
ly, bitterly, severely, roughly. 

AiGKEMOiKE, s. f. agrimony [an herb.) 

AiGREMOHE, s. m. pulverized charcoal. 

AiGRET, TE, e-grft, gr^t, adj. sourish, a lit 
tie sour. 

Aigrette, s. f. egret, sort of white heron ; 
plume made of its leathers. Aigrette d'eau, 
water-work in form of a heron's tuft. 

Aigreur, ^-grSur, s. f. sourness, sharp- 
ness, bitterness, roughness, tartness, ill-nature, 
heat, grudge, spite, spleen, ill-will, malioe, 
animosity, odium. Aigi-enrs, s. f. pi. heart- 
burning; engraving where the aqua-fortis has 
eaten too deep. 

AiGRiR,S-gr!r, v. a. to make sour or sharp, 
to exasperate, incense, provoke, increase, to 
make ill-humoured, cross or peevish, give the 
spleen. S'aigrir, v. r. to sour, turn sour, 
grow sour or sharp, to fall into a passion, be 

AiGU, E, i-g^, gii, adj. pointed, sharp, 
keen, acute, prickly; (of the mind) acute, 
sharp, ingenious, subtle, witty, quick; {of 
sight) piercing, quick, keen ; (o/'roice) shrill, 
loud, clear ; (of pain) sharp, acute, violent. 
Accejii aigu, acute accent. Angle aigu, acute 
angle. Mente aigue, spear-mint. 

AiGUAiiE, S-gad, s. f. Mar. watering place. 
Faire aiguade, to take in fresh water, to 

AiGUAiL, s. m. dew. 

AiGUAYER, v. a. to bathe, wash in water. 

AiGUE marine, §g-mS,-rIn, s. f. sort of pre- 
cious stone. 

AiGUi^RE, i-ghr, s. f. ewer. 

AiGUiEREE,ft-^§-rS., s. f. ewer-full. 

AiGUiLLADE, s. f. an ox-goad. 

Aiguille, i-S-&-i/, s. f. needle; (de tite,) 
bodkin for the hair ; hand of a watch, cock or 
needle of a balance, spire of a church, thorn- 
back, (fish.) Aisnille, Mar. out-rigger, top- 
mast, spar employed to supixirt a lower mast 
in heaving down a ship. Aiguille defanal. 




bir, bit, L&<!e : th^re, Sbb, over : field, fig : r6be, rftb, I6rd : in6od, g6od. 

lantern beam, iron brace or crank of a poop 
w top lantern. 

AiGuiLLEE, i-g''CA-l\, s. f. needle-full. 

AiGuiL».ER,S-^fl?-/a,v. a.tocouchtheeye. 

AiGUiLLETTK,S-^?-/^l,s. f point, tag"-ed 
point, also slice. Courir I'aig-uiUette, to play 
the common whoce. L&cJier Caiguilleltej to 
ease one's self. Aiguillette de vorqites, Mar. 
upper futtock riders ; V. Eguillettes. Aiguil- 
lette ou ligne d'aniarrage, lashing. 

Aiguillette. e, adj. whose breeches are 
tied with points, a/so stifi, starched, V. Eguil- 

AlGUILLETTER, i-gH-li-lk, V. a. to tie 
with points. Mar. to clash. 

AlGUILLETTIER, i-giH-li-Hk, S. HI. One 

who tags or pomts laces or cords. 

AiGuiLLiER, S-o^-/la, s. m. needle-case, 
also needle-maker. 

AiGUiLLON, i-giA-lon, s. m. sting, goad, 
spur, motive, incentive, incitement, induce- 
ment, encouragement. 

AiGUiLLONNER, ^-^g^il-ifl-n^, V. a. to in- 
cite, goad, spur on, stir up, egg on. 

AiGUisE, E, &-g1 zh, adj. whetted, made 
sharp, etc. 

AiGuiSEMENT, i-glz-mhi, s. m. whetting, 

AiGUisER, i-gl-zk, V. a. to whet, sharpen, 
make sharp, set an edge on. 

Ail, y, s. m. aux in tlie plural, garlick, 
clove of garlick. 

AiLE, ^l,s. f.wing. Boid(Vaile. V. Bou- 
delte. Ailes (Tun mouiin a vetit, sweeps of a 
wind-mill. Ailes d'laie armee, wing's of an 
army. Ailes d^un bdtimeiU, wings of a build- 
m^. Aile de la nef d'une eglise, aisle or ile 
of a church. Ailes de lardoire, broad end of a 
larding pin. .4i/e, lead wherein are set the 
panes of glass windows. J'en ai dam I'aile, 
1 am caught, I am at a loss, I am undone. 
En tirer pied ou aile, to get a snack or snip of 
It. // ne bat plus qite d'une aile, he is gone, he 
IS undone, he is put to his last shifts. Aile, s. 
f. ale. Ailes d'arrimage, Mar. wings of the 
hold. Ailes de dirive, lee boards ; ailes de la 
cole, run. BouLi-d'aile, quills (for pens ) 

Ail£, e, ^-IS., adj. winged, that has wings. 

Aileron, Sl-row,s.m. extremity of a wing; 
a fin. Ailerons, wings or ladles (of a water- 
mill ;) gristly part (of the nose on both sides 
of the tip.) 

AiLETTE, S-l?t,s. f. side-lining (of a shoe.) 

AiLLADE, fi-/S.d, s. f. garlick ragout or 

AiLLEURS, i-/eur, adv. elsewhere, some- 
where else, in another place. Par ailleurs, 
through another place. U' ailleurs, from ano- 
ther place ; besides, moreover ; otherwise, in 
other things, in other respects. 

AiMABLE, 6-mibl, adj. amiable, lovely. 

AiMANT, 2-m^w, s. ni. loadstone, magnet. 

AiMANTi,E, adj. rubbed or touched with a 
loadstone; aiguille aimant^e, magnetic needle. 

AiMANTER, S-m^-ta, V. a. to rub or touch 
with a loadstone. 

AiMANTiN, E, i-mhi-tin, tin, adj. of or be- 
longing to a loadstone, magnetick. 

AiM^, E, adj. loved, beloved. Bienaimi, 
weli-beloved, darling. 

Aimer, J-m&, v. a. to love, have an affec- 
tion or inclination for, like, be in love with, 
be taken with, fancy, be fond of. 8e (aire 

aimer, to gain people's love, favour or good 
will. Aimer miexur., to prefer, choose rather, 
Aiiner mieiix une chose qu'une autre, to pre 
fer one thing to another. 

S' aimer, v. r. to love one's self. S' aimer 
en quelque lieu, to like a place, like or love 
being there, delight in it. S'entr'aimer, to 
love one another. 

AiNE, in, s. f. groin. 

Ain:^, e, i-iA, adj. eldest, first bom ; elder, 
older, senior. L'aini de deux frkres, the elder 

AiNE, s. m. eldest son, first-born. 

AiN^E, s. f. eldest daughter. 

AiNESSE, k-xA.%, s. f. eldership. DroA 
d'ainesse, birthright. 

*AiNS, iws, adv. Ex. Ains au controdre, 
but on the contrary. 

AiNsi, in-s?, adv. so, thus, after this man- 
ner; so, just so, likewise; tlierefore. Ainst 
que ou toid ainsi que, as, even as, so as. Est- 
ce ainsi que vous etudiez ? Do you study no 
better 1 II est ainsi fait, that is his temper, 
way, or humour. On est ainsi fait, sucn is 
the genius of this age. Ainsi-soit-il, amen, 
so be it. *Ainsi n'avienne, God forbid 
*Comme ainsi soit que, whereas. 

AiR, hr, s. m. air, wind. £n Z'air, in vain, 
vainh', sillily, extravagantly. Prejidre Voir 
du feu ou d'un fagot, to warm one's self bj 
the fire or with a fagot. Declmusser les ar- 
hres par le pied pour leur dormer de Vair, to 
bare the roots of trees or dig the earth about 
them, to refresh them. Dormer de I'air a un 
tonneau, to give vent to a vessel. Avoir tou- 
jours le pied en I'air, to be always in motion, 
flutter about. Air, air, manner, way, course, 
carriage, rate, form, fashion, demeanour, look, 
countenance, aspect, presence, fashion, out 
side, appearance, harmony of features, (in a . 
picture,) etc. Avoir I'air de qneiqu'un, to 
look like one, be like him. Je vois tons les 
traits, etc. de votre visage dans ce portrait, mais 
I'air n'y est pas, I see all your features in this 
picture, but yet it wants your air. Air de 
Vent. V. Aire. Air, air, tune, song. Air h 
hoire, jovial drinking song. Air, Mar. way 
of a ship. Le batiment n'a pas assez d'airpour 
virer de bord, the ship has not way enough to 
put about ; prendre- de I'air, to gather way. 
V. Aire et Bonner. 

AiRAiN, ^-rij», s. m. brass. 

Aire, hr, s. f. smooth and even floor. Aire 
d'une grange, a barn floor ; eyrie ; area, space 
betwixt the walls, superficies, area or inside 
(of any geometrical figure;) circle about the 
moon and some stars. Aire de rent, s. f. Mar. 
point, quarter, point of the compass. Dans 
quelle aire de vent a-t-on aper^u cette ierre? 
m what quaiter was that land seen ? 

AiREE,^-ra, s. f. barn floor full of sheaves 
readv to be thrashed. 

AiRER, i-rh, V. n. to make a nest or eyrie. 

AiRiief Airier. V. At^reetA^rer 

Ais, h, s. m. board, plank. Ais de carton, 

AiSANCE, i-zhns, s. f. ease, facility, free- 
dom. Aisances, a privy, house of office. 

AiscEAU, s. m. cooper's adze. 

AiSE, iz, adj. glaa, well-pleased, joyful. 
Vous ne serez pas lien aise que je vous disela 
vMtd, you will not like to hear the truth. from 




buse, bfit : jiilne, mSute, blurre : ^f<int, c&iil, Vihn : vin ; mon ; brun. 

AiSE, s. f. contentment, joy, gladness ; ease, 
conveniency, comfort, pleasure. TressaiUir 
d'aise, to leap for joy. Etre a son aise, to be 
at ease ; be in Ccisy circumstances. Aimer 
sea aises, to love one's ease or convenience. 
Vivre h smi aise, to live in plenty or at ease, 
live comfortably. Leisure, spare time. 

A I'aise, adv. easily, with ease, without 
much ado. On est assis h. I'aise h son sermon, 
there is room enough in the church when he 

f)reaches. II vii cliez lui en jmx et aise, he 
ives easy and quiet at home. 

Aisi, E, adj. easy, ready ; easy, free ; easy, 
convenient; rich, wealthy, in easy circum- 
stances. Homnie ais^ h/Aaver, peissionate man . 

AisEMENT, h-zk-m^n, adv. easily, with 
ease, readily, freely, willingly. 

*Ais£MENT, s. m. easement, privy. 

AissELLE, ^-s^l,s. m. arm-pit, arm-hole. 

Aissi, s. m. shirgle. 

AlTIOLOGIE, s. f. etioloffv. 

Ajourz, e, i-^do-ri, acij. pierced (in her- 

Ajournement, 4-i6orn-mln, s. m. sum- 
mons, citation, assignation. 
Ajourner, k-zbov-uk, v. a. to summon, cite, 
to adjourn, put off. S'ajoumer, v. r. to adjourn. 

AjouTAGE,i-:flo-ii;, s. m. mixture of one 
thing with anotlier. 

Ajouter, i.-z6o-tk, V. a. to add, join. 
Ajouter/oi, to give credit, believe. 

Ajuste, e, adj. fitted, set in order, set to- 
gether, ordered, contrived, composed, dis- 
posed, joined, clad or dressed. 

Ajustement, 4-iflst-m5n, s. m. framing, 
fittin^j squaring, adjusting ; agreement, re- 
conciliation, dress, garb, attire, apparel, ha- 
bit, furniture, embellishment ; improvement. 

Ajuster, i-jtfts-ti, v. a. to make a weight 
or measure true or just ; size ; to adjust, tit, 
set in order, join, frame, dispose, put together, 
put in order ; to adjust, compound, compose, 
reconcile, accord, agree; to trim, adorn, em- 
bellish. Ajuster un clieval, to make a horse 
carry himself right. Ajuster un cheval au ga- 
lop, to put a horse upon the gallop. S'ajiis- 
ter, V. r. to prepare, get or make one's self 
ready; to agree, suit; quadrate; trim or 
trick up one's self, make one's self fine. 

Ajustoir, S.-«is-twir, s. m. pair of scales 
used in the mint. 

Ajutage, k-zii-lkz, s. m. tube or pipe for 
ALAMBic,S.-I^n-blk,s.m. an alembickor still. 
ALAMBiauER, k-lim-hl-kk, V, a. to refine 
too much upon. 

S'alambiquer I'esprit de, v, r. to puzzle or 
worry out one's brains. 

Alan, k-\6n, s. m. (espice de dogfte) kind 
of large, strong, thick-headed, and short- 
snouted dog. 

Alarguer, 3-lar-;;il, v. n. Mar. to take 
sea-room, bear off, shear off. 

Alarme, i-l^rm, s. f. alarm, fear, A-i^ht. 

ALARMER,il-lar-nia,v. a. to alarm, fright. 
S'alami^r, v. r. to be alarmed or frighted. 

Alaterne, i-la-tSrn, s. m. privet. 

Albatre, M-bitr, s. m. alabaster. 

AlBERGE, il-b(V«j OU AUBERGE, s. f. a 

sort of early peach. 

Al.BERGIF.R, (il-bfir-^E, OU AUBERGIER, 

s. m. alberge-tree. 

Albigeois, s. m. pi. Albigenses 

ALBiiiUE, al-blk, s. f. sort of white chalk. 

Albran, ^1-br^n, V. Hatbran. 

Albrene, e, adj. V. Halbrene. 

ALBRENEK,S,l-br5-u^,v. n. V. Halbrener. 

Albugine, e, adj. white (membrane.) 

Albogineu-x, SE,il-b4-ii-niu,n6uz, adj. 
albugineous, white. 

Albugo, s. m. albugo, white spot on the eye. 

Alcade, s. m. a Spanish judge, alcade. 

AlcaT^ue. il-ki-ik, adj. alcaic, (in vtrse.) 

Alcali, M-ki-U, s. m. alkali. 

Alcalin, e, adj. alkaline. 

ALCAHSATioN,al-ka.-li-2?L-slo7i, s. f. alka- 

Alcaliser, M-ki-il-zi, V. a. to alkalizate. 

Alcee, s. f. alcea. 

Alchimie, ?ll-shJ-ml, s. f. alchymy. 

Alchimique, adj. alchymical. 

ALCHiMisTE,dl-shl-mlsl, s. m. alchymisi 

Alcohol, s. m. alcohol, spirits of wine. 

Alcoholisation, s. f. alcoiiolization. 

Alcoholiser, v. a. to alcoholize. 

Alcoran, il-k&-r^, s. m. alcoran. 

Alcove, il-kflv, s. f. alcove. 

Alcvon, ^l-s}-on, s. m. halcyon. 

Alcyoxien, e, ^.A^. jours alcyoniens, hal- 
cyon days, time wherein the king-fisher makes 
her nest, quiet and calm limes. 

Alderman, s. m. alderman. Les alder- 
Tiians, the aldermen. 

'AldIberam, s. m. little star in the tail 
of the great bear. 

Ale, s. f. ale. 
ALECT0R0MANCiE,8.f. divination by acock. 

Al^gre, i-l5gr, adj. cheerful, merry, 
brisk, lively. 

ALioREMKHT, h-MgT-mht, adv. cheer- 
fully, merrily, briskly, readily. 

ALfGRESSK,i-l^-gr^s, 8. f. joy, gladuess, 
cheerfulness, alacritv. 
Al£ne, i-I^n, s. f. awl. 
ALiNiER,S.-l^-nl^,s.m. awl-maker or seller. 
Alentis, v. a. to make slow, slacken. 
S'aleniir, v. r. to grow slow, slacken. 
Alentour or i Ventour, adv. about, round 

Alerion, 8.-l?-rfon, s. m. eaglet. 

Alerte, ^-13rt,adj. careful, diligent, vigi- 
lant, watchful, stirring, sprightly, brisk, pert. 

A LE RT K ,adv. soyez alerte, be on your guard. 

Alevin, al-vin. ou Alevinage, s. m. 
young fry, small fisn in a pond. 

Aleviner, U-vi-n^, v. a. to stock with 
small fish. • 

Aleviniere, M-vI-n!ir, s. m. small pond 
wherein fish are kept for breed. 

Aleuromancie, s. f. aleuromancy. 

Alexandrin, l-lSk-s6w-drin, acg. alex- 
andrine, verse of twelve syllables. 

Alexipharmaque ou ALEXixiRE, adj. 
alexiphcirmick, alexilerick, counteracting 

Alezan, il-z^t, adj. of a sorrel colour. Un 
cheval alezan, ou un alezan, s. m. a sorrel horse. 
Un clia:al roux alezan, a red bay horse. 

AlIze, k-\iz, s. f. child-bed linen, clout. 

Algakon, s. m. a chain for galley-slaves. 

Algarade, Jll-gS.-rSd, s. f. a blunt attack 


brik, adj. algebraick. 

Algebriser, M-zi-hil-zh., v. n. to speai 
or write on algebra. 

AlgIbre, kl-z&hr, s. f. algebra. 




bar, b^t, base : th^ie, ^bb, ovir : field, fig : r6be, rSb, I6rd : m6od, gSod. 

Algebriste, al-iS-brist, s. in. algebraist. 

Algorithme, s. m. algorithm, science of 

Ai.GUAJiL, ou Alguazil, M-gwk-zSl, s. 
m. alguazil. 

Algue, 51^, s. m. sea-weed. 

Alibi, 5-ii-b?, s. m. alibi {in law.) 

Ai.iBiF0RAiNs,i-li-b]-f5-ri»i,s. m. pi. vain 
excuses, evasions. 

Ai.1 BORON, ^l-lf-bu-ron, s. m. Alaitre alibo- 
ro», cunning old fox or fellow. 

Alica, s. m. kind of wheat. 

Alidade, a-li-did, s. f. alidada, kind of 
ruler that moves on the back of an astrolabe 
or any other geometrical instrument to mea- 
.sure angles or distances. 
•Alienablk, ^-lie-uabl, adj. alienable. 

Alienation, i-ll^-ni-slon, s. f. alienation 
or transfer; averseness, dislike, aversion, 
strangeness, estrangement, alienation (of 
mind!) ^ 

Alien^, E, adj. alienated, estranged, rfc. 
out of his wits, crack-brained, distracted. 

Aliener, l-liS-ni, v. a. to alienate, trans- 
fer, make over, to alienate, estrange, or draw 
away one's affections. Aliener I'esprit a 
mtelqu'im, to make one mad, distemper his 
brain. S'aU^ner de qiu:lqu'un,\ . r. to estrange 
one's self from one. 

Aligne, e, adj. squared or laid out by a 
line, that stands in a right line or in a bow, 
*Colonve(Uignee ou haute, taper pillar. 

Alignement, ^-lign-m^w, s. m. squaring 
or laying out by a line ; level ; row [of build- 

Aligner, ?l-ll-gna, v. n. to square or lay 
out b}' a line ; level ; dress (soldiers.) 

Aliment, k-M-m^n, s. m. aliment, food, 
nourishment. L'alirnent du feu, fuel. Ali- 
niens, alimony, maintenance. 

Alimentaire, i-J]-m^-t?r, adj. alimen- 
tary. Provision ou pension alimentaire, ali- 

Ai.iMENTER, i-ll-miw-ta, v. a. to provide 
food for. 

A LI MENTEU-X, SE, ?i-l!-m^ t^u, t^uz, adj. 
nutritive, alimentary. 

Alinea, i-l?-uS-a, s. m. fresh paragraph, 

Alinger, v. a. to supply with linen. 
S'alinger, v. r. to buy or besjaeak linen. 

Aliquante, i-H-kiwt, adj. Ex. Partie 
aliqimtite, aliqua:it part. 

ALiQuoTE,S.-l?-kdt, a(5- f. Ex. Partieali- 
quote, ali^quot part. 

Alite, e, adj. bed rid, that keeps his bed. 

Ai.iTER, ^-li-t^,v. a. to make one Keep his 
bed. S'aliter,v. r. to keep one's bed, be bed rid. 

Alivrer, v. a. to put together a number 
of wax candles sufficient to make up one 
pound weight. 

Alize, i-liz, s. {. fruit of the lote-tree. 

ALiz£,i-ll-z^,adj.Mar. Ex. VenUalizh, 
trade winds. Pravdm les vents alizes, in get 
iuto the trade winds. 

Alizier, i-ll-z?a, s. m. lote-tree. 

ALxiKENGi, s. m. alkekengi or winter 

ALKERiwis, W-kir-mh, s. m. alkermes. 

ALLAiTEMENT,s.m. suckling, giving suck. 

ALLAtTER,?i-l?-ta, v. a. to suckle, nurse. 

Allant, e, k-\hn, \hn\., s. &, adj. Ex. AL- 
iww et venans, goers and comers. 

ALLEcnf K, adj. allured, drawn, incited, 
templed, seduced. 

Allechement, k-Xhh-mhi, s. m. allure- 
ment, enticement, seducemeut. 

All^cher, &-l^-shi, V. a. to allure, draw 
in, entice, seduce. 

AllIe, K-\k, s. f going, walking ; passage, 
entry; ajley,walk. ^4tf(^ecOTrt'erie, shady walk! 

Allegateur, a-l^-g^-t^ur, s. m. alleger. 

Allegation, kA^-gk.-s'ihnfi. f. allegation, 
quotation, instance, affinnatton. 

Allege, i-l^z, s. f lighter, tender. 

*ALLf GEANCE,SL-lS-t&i>- s. f. allaying, alle- 
viation, ease,comfort,refreshment; allegiance. 

AllEgement, s. m. ease, alleviation. 

ALLEGER,a-l^-i&, V. n. to ease, disburden, 
lighten ; to allay, alleviate, ease, refresh, mi- 
tigate. Mar. to lighten. Allege I'avmre de 
revers de misaine, clear away the lee fore tack. 
Allege le cable, light up tlie cable. Alleger 
vn cable, means also, to buoy up a cable with 
empty casks, etc. in order to keep it clear of 
foul ground. 

Allegerir, ou Allegir, v. a. to make 
(a horse) lighter before than behind, 

Allegorie. ^l-l^-g6-ri, s. f. allegorj'. 

ALLiGORiQUE, Sj-lS-gfi-rik, a^. allego- 

AllEgoriquement, il-l^-g<i-rik-m^ra, 
adv. aliegorically. 

ALL'iGORisER,il-l? g5-ri-z&,v. a. to alle- 

All:£goriseur, M-U-gfl-ri-z^ur. s. m. one 
who delights in allegories. 

Allegoriste, s. m. allegorist. 

All£gresse,s. f. lively expression of joy 

Allegretto, adv. with a motion a little 

Allegro, adv. with a sprightly motion. 

Allegro, s. m. sprightly piece of music. 

Alleguer, ^1-1^-^, V. n. to allege, cite, 
quote, produce, instance. 

ALLinjiA, &l-la-lft-v4, s. m. allelujah; 
also, a plant good for sallad. 

Allemagne, Sil-mign, s. f. Germany. 

Allemand, e, il-min, m^d, adj. &s 

Allemande, s. f allemande (in music.) 

Aller, ^-]k,v. n. to go. Alter & pied, to go 
on foot, foot it. Aller a grands pas, to go very 
fast, walk very fast. Alkrle trot, to troi. Aller 
I'amble, to amble. Aller a tatons, to grope 
along. Aller au coniraire, aller a I'encontre, to 
go against, run counter, oppose. Aller a la ren- 
contre, to go to meet. Aller h la rencontre, 
to obviate, prevent. Allez en paix, depart 
in peace. Ne faire qu'aller et venir, to be 
ever running up and down. Je neferai qu'aller 
et venir, I will not stay, I will^e back again 
presently. Aller a Pexch, to run out into excess. 
Aller, to go, run. Tontes les eaux des rivieres 
vont a la me'r, all the waters of rivers run or go 
into the sea. Aller, to go, run, come, amount, 
(speaking of time, extension, number.) Rien 
ne va phis vile que le temps, nothine goes faster 
than time. Lafor^t va depuis le village jusqu'ei 
] la rivih-e, the forest goes or nins from the vil- 
lage to the river. Ce calail va a tartt, that 
reckoning amounts or comes to so much. Un 
rasoir qui va bien, a razor that cuts well. Aller, 
to end, lead, come. Cette piece de terre va en 
poinie, that piece of ground ends in a point. 
Ce chemin va h I'^glise, this way gOHES or 



35, bflt : jiune, m^ute, blurre : Mknt, cSnt, li^ ; vin ; mon : bru». 

leads to the church. Son entrepi-ise est allee a 
rien, his undertaking is come to nothing. Al- 
kr, to go, go forward, go on. Ces ouvriers 
vont Men lerUement, these workmen get on 
very slowly. Le commerce ne vi ■phis, there is 
no trade stirring, trading is dead. Cette affaire 
va de Men en mieux, that business goes on bet- 
ter and belter. Alter, to concern. Je n'ai 
rien dit qui ailk h vouSj I said nothing that 
concerns you ; what I said was not meant for 
you. Alter, to lend to, drive at, aspire to, aim 
at, be bent. Alter, to go about, to act, pro- 
ceed. Elst ce ainsi que vous y allez ? Is this 
your way of proceeding ? Is this your way ? 
Aller rondement, to act candidly or roundly. 
Alter, to go, do, or be well or ill. Comn^erU 
va votre sante 1 Commdnl vous enva? How 
goes your health ? how goes it with ^ou ? how 
do you do ? Comment vont vos affaires ? how 
does your business go on ? tout ixi Men, all is 
well, or goes on well. Aller hien ou mat, to 
become or suit well or ill. Alter, to fit. Al- 
ter (k pair, to be equal. Alter, to be going, 
be ready, go near, chance. 11 va sortir, he is 
just going out. 11 va rendre I'&me, he is ready 
to give up the ghost. E s'est alt^ emharrasser 
dans cette affaire, he has entangled himself in 
that business. Cela s'en va fait, that is almost 
done. Ije carime va Jinir, Lent draws to an 
end. Alter aux opinions, to put to vote. Al- 
kr, lay, stake. Alkr par liaut et par bos, to 
void upwards and downwards. Faire otter, 
to make go, set a-going, move, give motion to, 
etc. Laisser alter son corps, se laisser otter, to 
let one's body swag or hang. Se laisser otter 
a qu-elque cliose, to abandon, or give over one's 
self to a thin^, yield, or give way to it. Faire 
en alter, to drive out, drive away. Faire en 
aller les botUons da visage, to take away the 
pimples of one's face. R en va de cette affaire 
cornrne del' autre, it is with this business as with 
the other. S'en atkr, lo go away, go one's 
way ; get one's self j^one, depart, set out. S'en 
alkr d'une carte, to throw away a card. II s'en 
va pkuvoir, it is going to rain. S'en alkr par 
terre, to be falling. Cela s'en va sans dire, 
that is without question, that is to be supposed 
or understood. // ?/ va de votre vie, your life 
lies or is at stake, your life is concerned 
in it. Attons, va, alkz, [interjections. \ Ex. 
Allans, Jinissons, come, or come on, let us 
make an end. Va, tu ne sais pas empaumer 
ks gens, away or go, you know not how to 
wheedle people. *Un las d' alter, a lazy fel- 
low or lazy bones. 

Alter, Mar. to go, be bound, run, sail, etc. 
OU allez-vous? where are you bound to? 
Nous attons a Bonkaux, we are bound to Bor- 
deaux. Ce vaisseau vient de Cadix et va h 
Londres, that ship is bound from Cadiz to 
London. Alkr a bord, to go aboard. Aller 
h la boiditie. to stand close hauled. Alter a la 
cok, to run ashore. Alter h la dicouverte, to go 
upon the look out. Atkr a la sonde, to run by 
the lead. Aller h la touAe, to warp. Alter h 
terre, to go ashore. Alkr a la voik, to sail. 
Alkr k voiks et a rames, to sail and row. Al- 
ler au mouillage, to stand in for anchorage. 
Alkr au rmdis, to roll, fetch away. Alter de 
bout h la latne, to bow the sea. Alkr de con- 
feree, to keep company with a ship. Aller de 
Vaoani, to go fast through the water. Aller en 
course, to go privateering. Alter en croisi>.re 

I to go upon a cruise. Alkr en derive, to go 
I adrift. Aller en lest, to go in ballast. Alter 
en rade, to go out of harbour into a neighbour- 
ing road-stead. Alkr a fond, to sink, go to 
the bottom. 

Aller, s.m. Ex. 11 a eu Palter jpour le ve- 
nir, he has had his labour for his pains. 

Pis atkr, V. Pis. 

All^ser, h-\i-zk, V. a. to enlarge the ca- 
liber of a gun. 

All^soir, K-lh-zwkr, s. m. bore or borer. 

Allesukk, s. f. parts of metal which fall 
down in the boring of a gun. 

Alleu, i-l^u, s. m. Franc alien, freehold, 
free tenure. Terres en franc alien, allodial 
lands, freehold. 

Alliage, i-ll-ir, s. m. allaying, mixture or 
mixing of metals ; alloy or allay ; alligation. 

Alliance, S-lI-^ws, s. f. alliance or affinity 
by marriage, match ; union, uniting, blending ; 
alliance, confederacy, league, covenant ; a 
gimmal, wedding ring. 

Alli6, E.i-li-i, ddj. allied, matched ; al- 
layed, mixed. 

ALLii, s. m. Alli^e, s. f. kinsman, or 
kinswoman, relation ; ally, confederate. 

Allier, i-lia, v. a. to allay, mix. Onpeut 
oilier ces choses ensemble, those tilings may bo 
reconciled together. 

S'allier, v. r. to match. To enter into an 
alliance, or confederacy, make an alliance. 
To be alloyed or mixecl. 

ALt.iE R, s. ni. sort of net to catch partridges. 

Alligation, s. f. alligation. 

Alligator, s. m. alliMior. 

Allioth, s. f. star in the tail of th? great 

Alliteration, s. f. alliteration. 

Allobroge,?iI Ifl-brd?, s. m. clownish or 
unmannerly fellow. 

Allocation, ^l-lfi-ki-sfow, s. f. allowance 
or pulling into an account. 

Allocution, ^l-lA-Ai'i-slon, s. f. allocution. 

Allodial, e, M-l6-d]-M, adj. allodial, free. 
Terres ollodiaks, allodial or free lands. 

ALLODlALiTE, M-ld-d1-i-li-t3i, 8. f. allo<iB- 
ality, free tenure, freehold. 

Allonge, i-lo««, s. f. eking-piece. Al- 
longes de pen-uque, drops of a wig. Allonge, 
Mar. fullock, futtock-iimber. Allonge de re- 
vers, top-limber. Allonges de porqne, fullock 
riders. Allonge des ^cubiers, hawse-pieces. 
Allonges de comih-e, lop-limbers of the lashion 
niece. Allonges de pmive, stern-timber. Al- 
longes de tableau, taffarel-timbers. 

Allongement, il-lon:-m?«, s. m. length 
ening or stretching out, drawing out in length 
extension; prolonging, delay ; delaying, pro- 

Allonger, h.-\Qn-A, V. a. to lengthen, 
stretch out, draw out in length, eke out ; to 
prolong, defer, dela^', protract. Allonger un 
coup, to sc'.ke a blow. Allonger une botte, to 
make a thrust or pass. Allonger la courroie, 
lo make a penny go a great way. S'ollonger, 
V. r. to stretch, grow longer. Mar. Attmge 
les ecoides des huniers, stretch along the top- 
sail sheets. Allonge une Mture du maxtre cd* 
bte, get up a range of the sheet cable. 

Allouable, 3-lfto-ibl, adj. allowable. 

Alloue, s. m. journeyrnaji- 

Allouer, i-l5o-a, v. a. lo allow, account 
for, grant 




bir, bat, bise : th^re ; ^bb, ov4r : field, fig : r6be, rSb, I6rd : m6od, g6od. 

*Allouvi, E, S.-l5o-v5, vl, adj. famished, 
hungry as a wolf. 

Alluchon, ^-Ift-show, s. m. catch or tooth 
of a wheel that goes into the notch of another. 

Allumer, ^-l&-mi, V. a. to light, kindle, 
set in flames or on fire. S'allumer, v. r. to 
light, kindle, catch fire, break out. 

Allumette, i-lfl-m§t, s. f. match. 

Allumeur, s. m. he that lights the cjin- 
dles at the play house. 

Allure, 1,-lflr, s. m. gait, going, pace. 
Allures, behaviour, conduct, way of proceed- 
ing. Mar. trim of a ship, point of sailing 

Allusion, k-lh-zhn, s. f. allusion. Faire 
allusion a, to make an allusion or allude to. 

Alluvion, i-lfl-vJow, s. f. alluvial land. 

Almageste, s. f. almagest, collection of 
astronomical observations. 

Almanack, or Almanac, h-mh-ak, s. m. 
a.manack, calendar. Faiseur d' almanacs, al- 
manack-maker, astrologer. 

Almadie, s. f. Afincan cane. 

Almandine, s. f. almandine, sort of ruby. 

Aloes, S-lft-is, s. m. aloes (tree and plapt.) 

AloItique, adj. consisting of aloes. 

Alogne, s. f. a kind of rope (used in the 
construction of bridges.) Y. Ahigve. 

Aloi, ?t-lw^, s. m. alloy, the goodness 
of any metal that is to be coined into money. 
Moniwie de bas, de faiuc, or de mam^ais aloi, 
bad money, mixed metal, counterfeit money. 
Un homme de bas aloi, a man of mean birth 
or education. 

Aloigne, s. f. buoy, ciinbuoy, nunbuoy, 

ALopiciE. s. f. alopecy, fox's evil. 

Alors, S.-lftr, adv. then, at that time, in 
those times. La mode d'alors, the fashion of 
those times. Alors que, when. 

Alose, i-lAz. s. f. shad. 

Alouette, i-lbo-it, s. f. lark. 

Alourdir, ^-l6or-d?r, v. a. to make dull 
er heavy. 

Aloyage, s. m. alloying, mixture. 

Aloyau, i-lwi-y6 de dcbu/, s. m. short rib 
of beef. 

Aloyer, i-lwi-y^, V. a. to alloy (gold or 

Alpagne,s. m. Alpagna (a Peruvian ani- 
mal somewhat like a vigon.) 

Alpes, 5lp, s. f. pi. Alps. 

Alpha, ^1-fi, s. m. alpha, first Greek letter. 

Alphabet, M-f^-bS,s.m. alphabet, primer. 

^iLPHAfiiTiQUE, i) f^-b^-tik, adj. alpha- 

Alpharktiquemekt, ou par alphabet, 
adv. alphabetically. 

Alphas Kf, s. m. Tunisian falcon. 

Alpiste, s. m. a sort of dog-grass. 

Alsace, s. f. Alsatia. 

Alte, ait. V. HaUe. 

ALxiRAELE, il-tS-ribl, adj. alterable, 

Alterant, e, hU^rht, rhni, adj. that 
causes thirst. Des alierans, alterative medi- 

Alterati-f, ve, ?il-t?-ri-tlf, tlv. adj. 
{in Medicine,) alterative. 

ALTiRATiON,M-t?-r?i-s!on,s. f. alteration, 
change. Corruption, spoiling, adulteration. 
Thirst or drought. 

*Altercas, s. f. Altercation, M-t2r-ki- 
ilon, s. f. alterca'ion, dispute, contest. 

ALT£Ri, E, S,I-lg-r?i, adj. altered, changed ; 

adulterated, spoiled, impaired, disordered* 
dry, thirsty. AUire de sang, blo<>d-thirsty. 

Altere, s. m. griping or covetous man. 

Alt^rer, ^1-t^-rS, v. a. te alter, change, 
turn. To adulterate, spoil, falsify, sophisti- 
cate, counterfeit ; to disorder, impair, trouble ; 
to make dry, cause drouo;ht. 

Alternati-f, ve, ^f-tSr-ni-t?f, tlv, adj. 
alternative, alternate, done by turns, inter- 

Alternation, s. f. alternation (in alge- 
bra and geometry.) 

Alternative, s. f choice, option ; je vou* 
dorme I'aUemaiitx, I leave it to your choice. 

Alternativemekt, h\-ih-sA-t\v-m&t, 
adv. alternatively, alternately, by turns, one 
af\er another, interchangeably. 

Alters!, adj. alternate (in botany and 

Alterne,!;, il-l8r-ni, adj. alternate (in 

Alterner, v. n. to alternate, perform 

Altesse, ?J-t?s, s. f. highness. 

Ai.tier, e, ll-t!tt, tlir, adi. proud, lofly, 
arrogant, presumptuous, haugnty. 

AltiArement, adv. proudly', haughtily, 
loftily, arrogantly, etc. 

Altimetrie,s. f. art of measuring heiafhts. 

Alude, s. f. sheep skin coloured for bind 
ing books. 

Aluine, s. f. wormwood. 

Alum, or rather A 'in, i-lpn, s. m. alum. 

*Alumelle,?1-15 .n^l,s. f. blade of a knife, 
cassock without sleeves. 

Alumi^re, s. f. place where alum is 

"Alumineux, se, i-lfl-mJ-n^, n^uz, adj.' 
of the nature of alum. 

Aluner, ^-Ifi-ni, V. a. to steep in ahim 

ALvfoLAiRE, adj. of or belonging to th« 
cells (in a h ey-comb.) 

Alv£oli aJ-v^-oI, s. m. cell (in a honey- 
comb ;) socLet, hole (wherein a tooth is fas- 

Alvin, etc. V. Alenrn. 

Alzan, V.^Alezan. 

Amabilite, h-mi.-hl-]1-ih, s. f. amiable- 
ness, loveliness, amiability. 

Amadis, ?l-m^-dls, s. m. kind of close 
sleeves that button on the wrist. 

AMAD0TE,i-m?i-d6t,s.f. amadettoorama- 
dot. Amadote, s. m. amadot-tree. 

Amadou, Jl-m^-dSo, s. m. sort of tinder. 

Amadouer, S-m^-d6o-^, v. a. to flatter 
coax, wheedle, cajole. 

Amaigrir, ^-m^-gr?r, v. a. to make lea 
or thin. S'aTnaigrir, v. r. ou Amaigrir, v. n 
to grow lean, thir , or meagre ; fall away. 

Amaigrissement, &-m^-grls-m^, s. m, 
growing lean, fafling away. 

Amalgamation, &-mS:I-gi-m3i-s?on, or 

Amalgame, ^-m^-^m, s. f. amalgama* 

Amalgame, s. m. amatgama. 

Amalgamer, i.-mk\-gK-mh., v. a. to amal- 
gamate. S'amalgamer, v. r. to be calcined 
with quicksilver, be capable of amalgamatioik 

Amanije, ii-m^d,s. f. almond ; kernel ; a 
piece of crystal in a chandelier shaped like 
an almond. V. Amende. 

Amand£, ^-m^-d^, s. m. almond posset 



biW, bfit : j^ime, m^ute, b^urre : MmA, chit, liln ; vin ; mora .■ brun. 

Am>ndikh, k-m^nSk, s. m. almond tree 

AM.iNT,S.-in^,s. m. lover, suitor, gallant, 
q>ark, sweet-heart. 

Amanie, S.-m^t, s. f. mistress, love, sweet- 

Amarante, i-mi-r^t, s. f. amaranth. 

Amarante, adj. oflhecolourof amaranth. 

Amarantine, i-mi-rin-tln, s. f. kind of 

Amariner, i-mi-rl-na, v. a. Mar. to man 
(a prize.) 

AMAR(iCE, s. f. Mar. buoy. Prendre des 
amarquet, ou des amers, to make marks on 
the shore. 

Amarrage, A-ma-nli, s. m. Mar anchor- 
ing, casting anchor, mooring (of a ship) lash- 
ing, seizing, knot, etc. Avuxrrage «n etrire, 
throat seizing of a dead eye. Anutrraj^e a 
plat, end seizing, the eje seizing of a pair of 
shrouds. Aniarrage en fouet, a tail block 
clapped on with a rolling catch, and the end 
stopped. Aniarrage coulaiU, slip knot. 
Faire un amarrage, to clap on a seizing, to 

Amarre, i.-mir, s. f. Mar. mooring, fast, 
rope or cable to make any thing fast. Amarre 
de bout, head-fast. Amarre de trailers, 
brake-fast. Amarre fie jtou-pe, stern-fast. 
Prendre une amarre, to take in a mooring. 

Amarrer, ^-rni-r^, v. a. Mar. to belay, 
make fast, moor secure. Amarre, take a 
turn there or make fast. Amijure pcatout, 
make all fast. 

Amarres, s. f. pi. cheeks or side post of a 
wind-beam or crane. ' 

Amas, i-mci, s. m. heap, pile, mass, col- 

Amasser, i-mi-si. v a. to heap up, ga- 
ther, gather up, hoanl up, treasure up, lay 
up, get together. Amasser de I'argent arec 
blende la peine, to scrape up money. S'anias- 
ser, V. r. to gather or get together. 

Amasset TE, S,-mi-s^t, s. f. stick or horn, 
{or any thing else) wherewith painters scrape 
up their groinid colours. 

AMATEL0TER,4-mat-lft-tSi, V. a. Mar. to 
divide the company, give each man his mate 
or comrade (in a ship.) 

Amateur, i-m3.-i5ur,s.m. lover, virtuoso. 

AMATiR,i-mi-tir, v. a. to unpolish (gold 
or silver.) 

Amaurose, s. f. amaurosis, disease of the 

Amaye, s. f Mar. V. Amarque. 

Amazone, K-nA-z6n, s. f. amazoii, war- 
like woman. 

*Ambag£s, ^n-hk'zis, s. f. pi. ambages, 

Ambassape, kn-\A-Ad, s. f. embassy, love 

Ambassadecr, iri-ba-si-diur, s. m. am- 

Ambassadrice, iw-bi-si-dr?s, s. f. am- 
bassadress, ambassador's lady. 

Am BBS AS, inh-zks, s. f. ambs-ace, {at 

Ambiant, ^n-b?-^n, adj. ambient. 


AMBioiNE, adj. amhlgenal. 

Ambigu, e, ^h\-gh, gh,3.i\\. ambiguous, 

Ambigu, s.m. medley, odd mixture, ban- 
<{uet of meal aad fi-uit together. 

Ambiguite, ^H-bJ-^-i-lii, s. f. ambiguity, 
double meajiing. 

Ambigument, knAA-gh-m'^n, adv. ambi- 

Ambitieusement, hnAA-Akuz-mhu, adv. 

Ambitieu-x, se, ira-b!-sliu, siioz, adj 
ambitious, full of ambition. 

Ambitieux, s. m. Ambitieuse, s. f. taa' 
bitious person. 

Ambition, ^-bl-s!on, s. f. ambition. 

Ambitionner, ^n-bi-sl6-i>S., v. a. to be 
ambitious of, ambitiously to seek after. 

Amble, hih\, s. m. amble. Alkr Vainble, 
to amble or pace. 

Ambler, ^n-bl^, v. n. to amble, pace. 

Am bleu r, s. m. an officer of the king'i 

Amblygone, adj. amblygonal. 

Amblyopie, s. f! amblyopia or amblyxjpy, 
dimness of sight. 

Amboutir, v. a. to incurvate,bend a piec« 
of metal so as to make it concavo-convex. 

Amboutissoir, 8. m. tool used for making 
metal couca\o-couvex. 

Ambue, ^br, s. m. amber. 

Ambreade, s. f. factitious amber. 

Ambre-gris, s. m. amber-gris. 

Ambrer, ^«-br4, V. a. to perfume with 

Ambrette, ^ra-br2t, s. f. a sort of flower, 
also sort of musky pear. 

Ambroisie, ^«-brfi-zi, s. f. ambrosiju 

Ambulance, s. f. office of a travelling ex- 
cise officer. 

Ambulant, e, ^.i-bfi-16rit, l^Jt, adj. travel- 
ling or that goes from one place to another. 
Troupe de comediens amhuums, company of 
strolling players. Jugea ambuians, judges 
who go the circuit. Commis ambuiarU, 
travelling excise-office?, aiso rider (for a mer- 

AMBULAToiRE,^ba-li-twir, adj. travel- 
ling. Cour aiiibulatoire, the judges circuit, 
that removes from one place to another. 

Ame, km, s. f. soul, spirit. Reiidre I'dme, 
to give up the ghost. Mind, heart, conscience ; 
gliosi, spirit ; person ; ixmne dme, good honest 
soul, good meui or woman. La cliariti est 
I'dme des veitiis chretiennes, charity is the 
soul of the christian virtues. L'dme d'une 
devise, the motlo of a device. L'dme d'uH 
fagot, brush-wood, the little sticks that are in 
a fagot. Sound post (of a musical instru- 
ment,) rough figure of clay to be covered with 
stucco, etc. Ame d'lin canon, mouth of a 
gun or cannon. Arne damnee, tool, under- 
strapper, underling (that will do any dirty 
work for another.) 

Ame, e, &-ma, adj. (in chancery) well- 
beloved. A nos am^s el fectux conseillers, to 
our well-beloved and trusty counsellors. 

AMiLiORATioN, Si-m^-ll-5-ri-sid«, s. f. 
improvement, bettering, mending. 

Am^liorer, k-vak-W-i-A, v. a. (o im- 
prove, mend, better. 

AMiLioRissEMEKT, 8. m. V. Am^Hora 

Amek, s. m. & adv. Amen, so be it 

Amenage, km-nkz, s. m. the bringing o( 
any thing, carriage, money paid for carriage. 

Amenagement, s. m. the cutting out of 
wood for sale. 



bir, bat, base : there, ^bb, ovir : f iold, fig : r6bc, rAb, Idrd : m6od, gSodr 

Am^nager, v. a. to cut out wood for sale. 
Amendable, S-m^t-dibl, adj. finable, a^- 
$0, mendable, that may be mended. 

Amende, l-m^id, s. f. fine, mulct, penal- 

?T, forfeit, amercement. Condamnef, mettre a 
amende, to fine, set a fine upon, amerce. 
Amende honoraJbU, publick ackjiowledgroent 
of an offence or crime. 

Amend^, e, adj. fined ; amended, mend- 
ed, etc. 

Amendement, ^-m^7jd-m?w, s. m. amend- 
ment, bettering, mending, improvement, re- 

Amender, ^-mkn-d%, v. a. to fine, mulct, 
amerce, to mend, amend, improve, belter. 
To improve, manure (land,) to refonn. 
Amender, v. n. to be fined, pay a fine or pe- 
nalty. To mend, improve, grow better ; to 
mend inpoint of health, be on the mending 
hand. To profit, be the better. To fall in 
price. S'amender, v. r. to amend, grow bet- 
ter, be reformed. 

Amendier, s. m. receiver of fines. 

Amener, im-na, v. a. to bring, draw, lead. 
Amener unc affaire jusqv! a un certain point, 
lo carry a business to a certain point. Amener 
une mode, un usage, to introduce or bring up 
a fashion or custom. Amener, (at dice,) to 
throw, fling. Amener, Mar. to bring, lower, 
strike. II nous fatit amener te vioulin par 
Viglise, we must bring the wind-mill to bear 
with the church. Voile amende, sail lowered. 

AMEMxi, i-ma-nl-ta, s. f pleasantness, 
agreeableness, amenity, delightmlness. 

Amenuiser, im-nfll-zi, v. a. to make 
small or smaller, lessen, make thin or slen- 
der, extenuate. 

Amer, e, li-mhr, adj. bitter. Bitter, hard, 
grievous, sad, troublesome. 

Amer, s. m. bitterness; gall of animals. 
Amer, Mar. V. Amarqiie. 

AmIrement, S.-m6r-m5n, adv. bitterly, 

AMiRiCAiN, E, ^-m2-r!-Ai», Ain, adj. &s. 

Am^rique, i-m^-r?k, s. f. America. 

Amertume, i-m?r-t5m, s. f. bitterness, 
bitter taste ; grief, affliction, haired, gall. 

Amesurement, s. m. admeasurement. 

Amesurer, v. a. to appraise, proportion. 

AMixHYSTE, ^-ma-t'fst, s. f amethyst. 

AMEUBi,EMENT,i-m^ubl-m5n,s.m. house- 
hold-stuff, furniture, moveables. Avoir un 
Jfoli ameublement, to have a house or room 
y furnished. 

Ameubler, V. Meubler. 

Ameublir, ?i-mefl-bUr, v. a. to make 

Ameublissement, Jl-mefl-bHs-m^, s. m. 
the making moveable, thing made moveable. 

Ameutement, s. m. the forming of dogs 
into a pack. 

Ameuter, i-mSu-t!L, V. a. to form dogs in- 
to a pack, to stir up. Ameuter le peuple, to 
raise a mob. S'ameuier, v. r. to assemble 

Amfigodri or Amphigouri, s. m. bur- 
lesque poem or speech full of puns. 

Amfigourique or Xmphigourique, 
adj. affected, bombastic, unintelligible, pun- 

Ami, 8. m. Amie, i-m!, mi, s. f. friend, ac- 
<ntaintance, fellow, crony, companion, gallant 


(of a married woman,) friend, lover. Ami 
de la virile ou de la vertu, lover of truth or 

Ami, E, adj . friendly, kind, courteous. Ami 
lecteur, courteous reader. 

Amiable, d-mi-ibl, adj. friendly, kind, 
courteous. Al'amiable, adv. amicably, friend- 
ly, lovingly, in an amicable maimer. 

Amiablement, S-m!4bl-mSn, adv. ami- 
cably, friendly , kindly, lovingly. 

Amiante, ^-ml-^«t, s. m. a mineral sub- 
stance which is made into incombustible cloth. 
Amicalejient, S.-m?-k^l-ni^, adv. ami- 
cably, friendly. 

Amict, Lmi, s. m. amice, a priest's robe. 

Amidon, l-ml-dow, s. m. starch. 

Amidonier, S^-mi-do-nla, s. m. starch- 

Amignarder or Amigkoter, a-mi-gn6- 
ta, v. a. to fondle, cooker. 

Amincir. i-mi?i-s?r, v. a. to make small or 
smaller, make thin. 
I Amiral, i-m?-rill,s. m. admiral. L'ami- 
ral, the admiral's ship. 

Amiral, e, adj. belon^n^ to the admiraL 

Amirale, s. f. admiral's wife or lady. 
Admiral's galley. 

Amirante, s. m. b ,:h admiral (in Spain.) 

Amiracte, i-mi-rA-ta, s. m. admiralship, 

Amissibiht^, s. f. possibility of being lost 
(in theology.) 

Amissible, adj .amissible, that may be lost. 

Amiti^, l.-m?-t?a, s. f. friendship, love, uni- 
ty, affection ; favor, kindness, courtesy. II a 
fait itne nouvelle amitie, he has got a new 
love or amour. La musique est son amitie, 
musick is his delight. Sympathy. L'amitie 
des couleurs, the suitableness or a'greement ol 

Amities, kindness, fair or kind words, com- 

Ammi, s. m. bishop's weed (a plant.) 

Ammonia-c, que, i-mft-nJ-^Cj adj. am- 

Ammoniac, s. m. ammoniac. 

Amnios, dm-n?-6s, s. m. amnion or amnios. 

AMNiSTiE,im-nis-tl, s. f amnesty. 

Amodiateur, &-m5-dia-t5ur, s. m. farm- 
er, tenant of land, lessee. 

Amodiation, 5^-mfl-d?l-s!om, s. f. leasing, 
letting out to farm. 

Amodier, ^-mS-tfi^, v. a. to lease, farm, 
let out ; to take to farm upon a yearly rent. 

Amoindrir, S-mwin-dr?r,v. a. to diminish, 
lessen, make less, abate. S'a7noindrir, v. r. 
ou amoindrir, v. n, to lessen, grow less, de- 
crease, sink. 

Amoindrissement, i-mw7n-dr?s-m2n, s 
m. lessening, decrease, abating, diminution. 

AMOLLiR,l-mft-llr, v. a. to mollify, soften ; 
to enen'ate. S^amollir, v. r. to grow soft, 
tender or pliant ; to grow soft or effeminate, 
lose one's vigour. 

AmollTssement, hmf>-^s-mhi, s. m. sof 
tening, effeminacy, softness. 

Amome, S-m6m, s. m. amomum. 

Amomi, ^-m5-m?, s. m. Jamaica pepper. 

Amonceler, ?l-mons-li, v. a. to heap up 
lay on a heap. 

Amont, ^-mon, adv. up the river. lya 
mont, down the river. Bateau qui vieat d'a 



buse, bfit : j^iine, m^uie, biarre : infant, c^t, liln ; vin ; mo7i . bmn. 

numt or du pays d'anont, a boat that goes 
down the river. Veid d'anumt, easterly 

AittoncE, i-mSrs, s. f. bait, allurement, at- 
traction, charm, decoy; priming (of fire 

Amoecer, ^l-mftr-si, v. a. to bait ; to prime ; 
to allure, inveigle, djcoy, entice, draw in. 

AMOK901R, 8. m. kmd of auger. 

Amortir, l-mflr-tir, v. a. to auench, ex- 
tinguish, put out; to dead or deaaen 'a bul- 
let ;) to deaden or fade (colours ;) to allay or 
cool (the passions ;) to amortize, redeem, buy 
out, extinguish (rents or pensions;) to cantor 
pass away (an estate in mortmain.) S'amor- 
tir, V. r. to be quenched, etc, Aiiwrtir, Mar. 
to deaden, sew. Aniori'issei Voir dii baliment, 
deaden the ship's way. Ce bdlifneul est antor- 
ti, that ship has sewed. 

Amortissable, i-mftr-ll-sibl, adj. re- 

Amortissement, 4-m5r-t!s-m^/i, s. m. 
deadening, weakening, abating; redeeming 
or buying out or extinguishing (o/a rent, etc.) 
also, mortmain or a license 01 mortmain ; tlie 
finishing of a piece of architecture. 

Amovibilite, s. f. possibility of being 
amoved or revoked. 

Amovible, a-m5-v!bl, adj. that may be 

Amour, i-mftor, s. ra. love, ofTection, pas- 
sion, desire. Love, Cupid, god of love. A- 
niour-propre, s. m. self-love. Chienne ai amour, 

Croud bitch. Pour I'amour de, prep, for the 
)ve or sake of. 

Amours, s. f. pi. love, party beloved ; also, 
amour, intrigue. 

Amourache, e, adj. in love, fallen in love. 

Amouracher, (s') si-mdo-ra-shd, v. r. to 
fall in love, be smitten. 

Amourette, a-mSo-r?t, s. f. a foolish pas- 
sion, love, amour. Se marier par amourette, to 
marry for love ; s. f. pi. sort of grass. 

Amourel'seme.vt, ^-m6c-r^uz-mSn, adv. 
amorously, lovingly. 

Amol'reu-x, se, il-mfto-ri^u, r^uz, adj. in 
Ime, smitten (siwaking of persons;) amorous, 
of love (speaking of things.) 

Amoureux, s. m. lover, wooer, gallant, 
spark ; amoureux t/-a?Mi,whinmg or languish- 
ing lover. 

Amphibie, in-fl-bl, adj. amphibious. Un 
amphibte, an amphibious animal. 

Amphiboi.ogie, irt-fi-b5-lS-«I, s. f. amphi- 
bology, ambiguity. 

AiMPHiBOLOGiquE, adj. amphibological, 

Amphibologkiuement, ^.-fi-b5-lfl-;ik- 
m^n, adv. amphibologically, ambiguously. 

Amphibra^ue, s. m. foot of a long syllable 
between two short ones. 

Amphictyon, ^-fik-slon, s. m. represent- 
ative of a town (among the Greeks.) 

Amphimacre, s. m. foot of a short sylla- 
ble between two long. 

Amvhiprostyi.e, s. m. amphiprostyle, 
or edifice with four columns in the front, and 
as many on the back part. 

Amphiptere.s. m. serpent with two wings. 

Amphisbene, s. m. amphisba-na, or ser- 
pent with two heads. 

Amphisciens, in-f?-s?-in,s.m. pi. amphis 
«j. those who live in the torrid zone 

Amphithzatre, in-fl-t^-ktre, s. m. am- 

Amphore, hi46r, s. f. amphora, ancient 

Ample, hnp\, adj. large, wide, spacious, of 
great compass, ample, great, fall. iJiscours 
ample, diffuse, or copious discourse. Ample 
diner, plentiful dinner, a great dinner. 

Amplement, hipl-m^n, adv. amply, fully, 
largely, at large, plentifully. 

Ampleuk, ^H-plSur, s. f. amplitude, ful- 
ness (in clothes or furniture.) 

Ampi-iati-f, ve, in-pl»-i-t?f,ilv,adj. am- 
plialin^, that adds to the former (said of the 
pope's bulls or mandates.) 

Ampliatio.v, in-pU-a-s!on, s. f. duplicate, 

Ampi.ier, v. a. to put off. Amplier vn 
cnmitiel,ict defer passing sentence on a cri- 
minal. Amplier un prisonnier, to give a pri 
soner more liberty. 

Amplificateur, in-pH-fi-k^-t^ur, s. m 
amplifier, romancer. 

Amplification, i/i-pll-fl-kl-slon, s. f. 

Amplifier, ^-pH-fl-i, v, n. to amplify^ 

Amplissime, adj. very large, wide. 

Amplitude, ^-pH-tud,s. fVlargeness, am- 
plitude ; horizontal line drawn from a inwtar 
to the point where the bomb falls ; arch of the 
horizon between the points where a star and 
where the sun rises and sets. 

Ampoule, in-p6(.l, s. f. bubble, blister or 
rising of the skin. Vial or glass vessel, in 
which the oil for anointing the Kings of France 
is contained. 

Ampoule, ^-pAo-li, adj. tumid, high, of 
high-ficwn, swelling, swollen, bombastick. 

AMPouLETTE,iM-pdo-let, s. f. Mar. watch- 
glass, sand-glass, glass. 

Amputation, i«-pfl-ti-s1on, s. f. amputa- 

Amputer, ^-pfi-t^, V. a. to amputate, cut 

Amulette, S-mft-l^t, s. m. amulet. 

Amure, s. t Mar. tack (of a sail.) CetU 
frescote a les amures u trihord, that frigate is 
on the starboard tack. Prendre les amures h 
tribord or a h&bord, to haul upon the starbocird 
or the larlward tack. 

Amurer, Si-mft-ra, v. a. to haul aboard. 
La misaiue est-elle amur^e tout bos ? is the fbre- 
tack close (town ? Voile amuree, sail the tack 
of which is hauled on f)oard. 

Amusant, E, a-mfl-z^n, z^t, adj. amus- 
ing, diverting. 

A.MUSKMENT, i-mi'iz-m^n, s. m. stop, de- 
lay, hindrance, amusement. Toy, trifling 
business to pass away tne time. Amusemena 
d'enfam, children's toys or playthings. 

Am USER, &-mfl-za, v. a. to amuse, keep, 
stay, make stay, stop, play the fool with, 
drive off'; to amuse, divert. Amiiser Vermemi, 
to amuse the enemy, hold him in play, keep 
him at bay. Anutser U tapis, to trifle, talk to 
no purpose. 

S'amuser, v. r. to stand trifling, loiter, tarr\' 
or stay, fool one's time away ; to bestow one s 
pains and time about something, to mind or 
he taken up with any thing. S'a/nuser nraU 
sonner de, to stand arguing.. Shammer ah mmi ■ 
tarde or h la bagat--Iie, to trifle, stand on trifles 




bir, bat, base : ih^re, ^bb, over : field, fig : r6be, rib, Ifird : mAod, gfiod. 



i-mii-zh, s. f. amujeinent, tri- 

Amuseur, ^-mfl-z^ur, s. m. amuser, trifler. 

Amusoir, s. m. or Amusoire, s. f. toy. 

Amyguales, k-mlg-dkl, s. f. pi. tonsils, 
little kernels in the neck. 

AmvGDAi.oTDE, adj. amygdaline, resem- 
bling almonds. 

An, ht, s. m. year, a twelvemonth. 

A.vabaptisme, a-n^-b^-tlsm, s. m. ana- 

Anabaptiste, l-nli-b4-tlst, s. m. & f. an 

AnacalypteriEjS. f. Anacal>T5teria, feast 
on the day when the bride was allowed to un- 

Anacarde, s. m. fruit resembling the Mo- 
lucca beans. 

Anacathartique, adj. & s. anacathar- 

ANAcipHAi.EOSE, s. f. anacephaisBosis. 

Anachorette, ^-nii-kS-r§t, s. m. anacho- 
rite, anchoret or anchorite, hermit. 

Anachronisme, ii-na-kr6-nlsm, s. m. ana- 

Anaclastique, s. f. anaclaticks. 

Anacreontique, a-na-kr^-ort-tlk, adj. 

ANADiPLOSE,s.f aiiadiplosis,reduplication. 
Anagogie,s. f. anago^y, religious rapture, 
the raising of the soul to heavenly things. 

Anagogique, A-nk-gi-zlk, adj. mystical, 

Anagpammatiste, s. m. maker of ana- 
grams, anagrammatist. 

Anagramme, ^-n^-grim, s. f. anagram. 

ANALECTES,ii-n^-l^kt, s. m. pi. fragments 
selected from authors. 

Analeme, s. m. analemma. 

Analepsie, s. f recovery of vigour. 

Analeptique, adj. analeptick, strength- 

Akalogie, S-n§.-lS-jl, s. f. analogy, rela- 
tion, agreement, conformity^, proportion. 

Analogi^ue, a-na-l6--:ik, adj. analogical, 

Analogiquement, h-n^Ab-zlk-mhi, adv. 
A.NALOGisME,i-ni-lft-;]sm, s. m. analogism. 
Analogue, i-ni-lSg, adj. analogous, ana- 

Analyse, 4-nil-liz, s. f. analysis. 

Analyse R,S.-n^-li-z^, v. a. to analyze. 

Analtseur, s. m. anah-ser. 

Analyste, S.-na-l?st, s.^m. analyzer. 

Analytique, 5.-n^-n-tik, adj. analytical. 

Analytiquement, ?l-iA-lI-t?k-m^, adv. 
analytically, by way of analysis. 

Anamorphose, s. f. anamorphosis. 

Ananas, d-na-ni, s. m. ananas, pine-apple. 

ANAPESTE,S-na-p^st, s. m. anapaest. 

Anapesti4ue, adj. anapsestick. 

Anaphore, s. f. anaphora, repetition. 

Anapl£rotique, adj. anaplerotick. 

ANARCHiE,^-n^r-shi, s. f. anarchy. 

Anarchique, ?L-n2Lr-sh?k, adj. anarchical. 

Anarchiste, s. m. a partisan of anarchy. 

Anasarque, 8. i anasarca, dropsical 

Anastase, s. f. anastasis. 

Anastomose, s. f. anastomosis 

ANastomoser, V. n. S'anaslomoser v. r. to '. by springs. 

join at the extremities (said of veins ami ar- 

Anastomotique, adj. anastomotick, that 
has the quality of opening the vessels or re- 
moving obstructions. 

ANATHiMATisER, S-nS-ta-mi-tl-zi, V. a. 
to anathematize, excommmiicate, condemn, 
to abjure (an error.) ^ 

Anatheme, l-na-tim, s. m. anathema, 
excommunication, the person accursed or ex- 
communicated. Etre I'anathhne de tmd k 
mmide, to be abhorred by all the world. 

Anatifere, adj. anatiferous, producing 

Anatocisme, ^-nS-tfl-s?sm, s. m. anato- 
cism, accumulation of interest upon interest. 
Anatomie, ^-na-tfl-mi, s. f. anatomy. 
Anatomique. a-n^-t6-m?k, adj. anatomical. 
Anatomiser, &-n&-i5-mi-za, v. a. to ana- 
tomize, dissect ; examine thoroughly. 

Anatomiste, ^-na-t5-m?st, s. m. anatomist. 

Ancetres, hi-skir, s. m. pi. ancestors 
forefathers, predecessors. 

Ancette, s. f. Mar. cringle. 

Anche, ^sh, s. f. reed of a bautlwy or 
other w ind instrument ; miller's scuttle ; stop 
(of an organ pipe.) 

AnchI, e, adj. crooked (in heraldry.) 

Anchois, ^K-shwi, s. m. anchovv. 

A N c I E N , N E , hi-R^hi, s5^n , adj . oltf, ancient 
of old time, late, former (officer.) 

Ancien, s. m. old or aged man, elder, sen- 
ior ; elder, lay elder (of a church.) Les an- 
ciens, the ancients. 

Anciesnement^ hi-Mu-mh%, adv. an 
ciently, in former times, of old, in old times. 

Anciennes, s. f. seniors in a monastery 
of nuns. 

Anciennete, ^-s??n-t^, s. f. aacientness, 
anliquity, (priority) seniority. 

Ancile, s. m. little shield (said by th« 
Romans to have fallen from heaven.) 

Ancolie, s. f. columbine (ajl<nper.'\ 

Ancrage, hi-Vrkz, s. m. Mar. anchorage. 
Prendre ancrage, to anchor or cast anchor. 

Ancre, knkr, s. f Mar. anchor. Brace or 
iron bar like an S used to strengthen a waH. 
Derniere mure, last refuge or shift. 

Ancrer, iw-kra, v. n. Mar. to anchor, 
cast anchor. 

S'uTicrer, v. r. to settle one's self (get foot- 
ing in a place.) 

Ancrure,s. f. little plait or fold (in cloth.) 

Andabate, s. m. gladiator who fought 

Andaillot, s. m. Mar. ring to lash a sail. 

Andin, ^-din, s. m. grass a mower can 
cut down at one stroke. 

Andalousie,s. f. Andalusia. 

Andante, adv. &, s. m. andante, mode- 

Andantino, adv. a little more lively than 

Andouille, ^n-ddol, s. f. chitterling. 

Andouiller, ^n-dfi>o-&, a. m. antler of 
deer. Premiers or maitres andoinllers, brow- 
antlers. Siir andouillers,sur-Rni]ers. 

Andouillette, hi-<i6o-lh, s. f. hashed 
veal pressed into a small ball or pellet. 

Androgyt^e, in-<k&-zh, s. m. androgy- 
nous, hermaphrodite. 

AnhroVde, s. m. figure of a man moted 




base, bfil : j^iine, niOuto, h^urre : enll»rt, c^l, lien ; vin ; iiion ; brun. 

Andro roMiE, s. f. practice of dissecting || goisses de la mort, the pangs of death. Poire 
hrnnan bodies. j d'angoisse, ciioke-pear, also a gag. 

ANK,iii,s. m. ass; ignorant fool, sot, idiot. i| Angon, hi-^on,s. m. sorlofdart aacienlly 
Iks cordes de peau d'ane, tales of a tub. Pont j; used by the Franks. 

ttux dues, ditficulty that puts ignorant people | A.n'guichlrk, s. f. leathern bell by which 
to astaiid. AlsopiiiM evasion or shift, come ji the huntsman hangs his^h<)rn. 
off. Coq a I'dne, nonsense, unconnected, ex- 

travagant discourse. En dos d'dtie, sharp, 

ANj£ANTiR,i-na47»-l1r, V. a. to annihilate, 
destro}', bring to nothing, undo, ruin. S'aiie- 
antir, V. r. to fall or to come to nothin;^, to be 
annihilated or destroyed ; (devant Iheu,) to 
humble one's self before God. 

AiViANTISSKMENT, &-n^-^«-t?s-m?rt, s. m. 
annihilation or annihilating, bringing to no- 1 
thing. Destroying, destruction, overthrow, 
ruin. Humiliation, abjection. 

Anecdote, ^-nSk-tlftt, s. f. anecdote,pri- 
vate memoir, secret historj'. 

Anecuotier, s. m. one who relates anec- 

An^e, s. f. load of an ass. 

Anemometre, s. f. instrument to measure 
wind. ^ 

Anemone, i-nl.-m6n, s. f. anemone, wind- 

Anemoscope, s. m. anemoscope. 

AnIpigraphe, adj. that has no inscription 
(said of medals.) 

Anerie, kn-A, s. f. ignorance, stupidity. 

Anesse, i-nSs, s. f. she-ass. Lait d'dttesse, 
ass' milk. 

Anet, ^-nJ, s. m. anise or dill. 

AxfvRisME, s. m. aneurism. 

Anfractueu-x, se, adj. anfractuous. 

Anfractuosite, s. f. anfracluosity. 

Ange, knz, s. m. angel. D'aiige, angeli- 
cal, divine, extraordinary, good. Lit d'aiige 
angel-bed. Eau d'un^e, sweet water, orange- 
water; ange, aJigel-shot, chain-shot; skate, 

XNGELiquE, tn-zk-iik, adj. angelical, di- 
vine, extraordinary, excellent. 

ANGELiquE,s."f. angelol; angelica; kind 
of wind-flower. 

ANGELiQUEMENT,^7t-i^-lik-m?M, adv. an- 
gelically', like an angel. 

Angelot, s. in. sort of Norman cheese ; 
angel, (coin once current in France.) 

Ang^lus in-zS-lfts, s. m. prayer among 
the Roman Catholicks beginning with tlie 
word Angelus. 

Angine, s. f angina, disease of the throat. 

Angiographie, s. f. anpography. 

Angioi.ogie, s. f. angiology. 

Angiomonosperme, adj. augiomonosper- 

Angiosperme, adj. angiospermous. 

Angiotomie, s. f. angiotomy. 

Angle, ^Mgl, s. m. angle, corner. 

ANGLETERRE,^wgl-tir, s. f. England. 

Angleu-x, se, hi-g\i\i, gl^uz, adj. thick- 
shelled, (said of nuts.) 

Anglican, e, ^n-gl!-kiw, k^n, adj. Angli- 
ca», of England. 

ANGLicisME,^-gl?-sIsm,s. m. Anglicism. | 
Anglais, E, ^n-gl^, g'' " ^ 
Un Anglais, s. m. ?n Englishman ; a dun. 

^l^z, adj. English. 

Une Anglaise, s. f an English woman. JJan- 
glais, English or tne English tongue. 

Angoisse, ^7j-gwis, s. f. anguish, great 
pain, trouble, distress, affliction. Les un 

Anguillade. in-^i-lkd, s. f. lash or lash- 
ing with an eel-skin whip. 

Ang u I LLE, itn-gil, s. f. an eel. II y a quel- 
que anguUle tons roche, there is some mystery 
in it. AnguUles, Mar. ways or bil";e-ways on 
which a vessel's cradle is supported at her be- 
ing launched. 

Anguill^es, s. f. or AnguiUeis, s. m. 
Mar. limbers, limber-holes. 

Angi;illiere, s. f. eel-pond. 

Angulaire, irt-gA-l^r, adj. angular, hav- 
ing angles, cornered. Pierre angvlaire, 
corner stone. 

Anguleu-x, se, i7»-gfl-l^u, liuz, adj. au- 

Angusti^, e, adj. angust, narrow, (said 
only of roads.) 

Anheler, v. n. to keep up a proper neat 
in the furnace (of a glass-house.) 

Anicroche, i-nJi-krfish, s. f. demur, rub, 

Anie"r,s. m. ANiiRE,i-n!^,nl^r, s. f. ass- 

Anil, s. m. anil, indigo plant. 

Animadversion, ^-n?-m^d-v?r-s?on, s. f. 
reprimand, check, censure, animadversion, 
remark, observation. 

Animal, il-n?-m?.l, s. m. animal, creature 
or li\ ing creature, beast, brute ; ass, sot, block- 

Animal, e, adj. animal, sensible ; natural, 
sensual, carnal. ' Esprits vitaux et aninuntx, 
vital and animal spirits. FaciUtes anitiuiUs, 
sensitive faculties. 

Animalcule, i-n?-m3J-A&l, s. m. animal- 

*Animalit£. s. f. animalily. 

Animation, d-ni-nii-s!o«, s. f. anima- 

Anim^, e, ^-n?-m^, adj. animated, living, 
having life ; animated, heartened, stirred up, 
egged on, incitefl, encouraged. Incensed, 
exasperated, provoked. Beanie anim^e, beau- 
ty brisk and lively. Beamti qui n'est point 
anini^e, dull beauty. 

Animer, &-n?-mi, v. a. to animate, quick- 
en, give life, to enliven (a picture,) to hearten, 
encourage, embolden, animate, spirit. To 
urge, provoke, exasperate, incense. 

S'anivier, v. r. to "■row brisk, cheer up, be 
encouraged ; to chafe, take fire, be angry. 

Animosit^ , S-nl-mfl-zi-ta, s. f. animosity, 
hatred, ill will, spite, grudge, malice. 

Anis, S-nl, s. m. (P^^) anise; seed of 

Aniser, cl-nl-z^, V. a. to lay over with ani- 

Anisette, s. f. liquor made of aniseed. 

Ankyloblepharon, s. m. disease of the 
e^-es, in which the eye-lids close and stick to- 

Ankyloglosse, s. m quality of being 

Ankylose, s. f. ankylosis, state of being 
ton^je-tied, swellin"-. 

Annal, e, ^n-nal, adj. of a year, that lasU 
but one year. 




bar, bat, base : there, Cbb, ov^r : field, fig : robe, rSb, I6rd : in<!)od, g-fiod. 

Annales, S.ii-nS.1, s. f. pi. annals, annual 

Aknai-iste, 5n-ni-15st, s. m. annalist. 

Annate, an-nat, s. f. annats, first fruits 
paid to the Pope 

A.VNEAU, a-n6, s. m. ring; bow or ring (of 
a key;) ringlet. Mar. ring, grommet. An- 
neatix de corde, grommets, anneaux de bois, 

Annee, ^-na, s. f. a year, a twelvemonth. 

Anneler, hn-W, V. a. to curl (hair) in 
locks or ringlets. Anmler une cavale, to ring a 

A.VNELET s. m. little ring, annulet. 

Annelure, Sn-lur, s. f. ringlets, curling 
of hair in ringlets. 

ANNEXE,&-neks,s. f. annex, thing annexed, 
chapel of ease. 

Annexer, ^-n?k-sa, v. a. to annex, unite. 

Annexion, ^-n§k-s!o», s. f. annexion. 

Annihilation, s. f. annihilation. 

Annihiler, v. a. to annihilate, reduce to 

Anniversaire, S-n?-v3r-sir, adj. anni- 
versary, 3'early, annual. 

Anniversaire, s. m. anniversary, yearly 

An nonce, ^-no7is,s. f. bans of matrimony ; 
the gi\'ing out of a play. Nmis mimes sous 
iwte a Cannonce du coup de txiit, we got under 
weigh at the first appearance of the gale. 

ANNONCER,i-noj?-s^, V. a. to tell, declare, 
to pronounce, forelel, forebode, promise, 
preach, proclaim,publish; to give out (a play.) 

ANNONCEiiRA-non-s<^ur, s. m. player who 
announces the next play. 

Annonciation, iL-n&n-s!i-s?on, s. f. an- 

Annotateur, ?l-n6-d-t§ur, s. m. annota- 

Annotation, Sln-n5-t^-s?on, s. f annota- 
tion, note, remark, observation. Inventory 
of goods attached or distrained. 

Anndter, Sn-nS-ta, v. a. to make a list or 
inventory of goods attached or distrained. 

Annuel, le, -ii-nfl-Jl, adj. annual, of a 
j-ear, that lasts a year. Annual, yearly. Pen- 
sion annuelle, yearly pension, annuity. 

Annuel, s. m. mass said everj' day 
throughout the year for a deceased person. 

ANNUELLEMENT,^-n&-^l-m?n, adv. annu- 
ally, yearly, every year, from year to year. 

Annuit^, &-nft-f-ta, s. f. annuity. 

Annulaire, il-n&-l^r, adj. le doigt an- 
nulaire, the ring finger or fourth finger; (of 
tclipses) aimular. 

Annulation, s. f. the act of annullin"'. 

Annuler, ^-n&-la, v. a. to annul, disan- 
nul, abrogate, repeal, make void, vacate. 

Anoblir, ?L-iiS-blir, v. a. to make noble, 

AN0BLissEMF.NT,S.-nft-bl?s-m3rt, s. m. the 
making noble. Leltres d'anoblissement, patent 
or rrant of nobility. 

Anodin, e, ?l-uS-din, d?n, adj. anodyne. I 
Reml>des anodins, anodynes. j 

Anolis, s. m. anolis, kind of lizard. 

Anomal, e, l-nft-mal, adj. anomalous, ir- 1 
regular. I 

Anomalie, i-nft-m^-ll. s. f. irregularity. ' 

ANONiME,^-nft-n?m,adj. anonymous, name- 1 
less. f/nawomW, s.m. an anonymous author ' 

Anosjmement, adv. anonymously. 

Anon, k-non, s. m. young ass, ass-colt. 

ANONNEMENTjS.m. faltering, stammering, 

Anonner, SL-nft-nii, v. n. to stutter, read 
Diiorly, falter, stammer. Anonner, to foal, 
bi ing forth a young ass. 

Anse, hn&, s. f. car or handle (of a pot, bas- 
ket, etc.) "Faire le pot a deux anses, to set 
one's arms a-kimbo, strut. Voike a anse de 
jmnier, flpi arched vault. Creek, cove. 

A NSEA riQUE, Cn-sa-a-tik, adj. Villes an- 
siatiqws, hansetowns. 

Ansette, s. f. small handle. 

Anspec, s. m. handspike, lever. 

ANSPESSADE,^rts-pS-s^d, s. m. officer of 
infantry below a corporal. 

Antagoniste, ^n-ta-g6-n?st, s. m. anta- 
gonist, adversary. 

*Antan, s. m. the year past. 

Antanaclase, s. f. antanaclasis. 


Antecedemment, ^-ti-s?i-dl-m?n, adv. 
antecedently, before, previously. 

Ant^cIdent, e, ^n-ta-sa-cfen, d^t, adj. 
foregoing, going before (in time.) 

ANTfcEDENT, s. m. antecedent, (in gram- 
mar and logick.) 

AntecesseuRjS. m. a professor of law (in 
some universities.) 

Antechrist, kni-\ir\, s. m. antichrist. 

Anteciens, s. m. pi. antoeci. 

Antediluvien, ne, adj. antediluvian. 

Antenne, ^-t^n, s. f. yard (of a ship.) 

last but two. 

ANTEP^NULTiiME, s. f. antepenuU. 

Ant^rieur, E, ^n-ta-rf-eflr, lur, adj. fore- 

foing, former ; anterior, set before, foremost. 
M. partie anierieure de la. tete, the fore part of 
the head. 

before, anteriorily. 

Ant^riorite, ^n-ta-r?-fl-r?-t^, s. f. prior- 
ity of lime, anteriority. 

Antes, ^nt, s. f pi. antes, large pillars. 

Antestature,s. f. traverse or intrench- 

Anthelmentiqu^, adj. that kills worms. 

Anthologie, s. f. anthology. 

Anthrax, ^j-traks, s. m. anthrax. 

Anthropologie, s. f. anthropology. 


s. m. anihropomorphite. 

Anth ropophage, ^w-irfl-pft-f^, adj. that 
eats man's flesh. 

U71 anthropophage, s. m. a cannibal, a man- 

Anthropophacif, s. f. anthropophagy. 

Astichamere, kn-^-&hbfihr, s. f. anti- 
chamber, antechamber. 


Antichristianisme, s. f. opposition to 

ANTtcijf ation, in-t?-s?-p?l-s?on, s. f. anti- 
cipation, pi-evention, forestalling. Appeljiar 
anticipation, anticipated appeal. 

Anticipe, e, adj. anticipated. Connots. 
sanr.e anticip^e, foreknowledge ; vieillesse an- 
ticip^e, premature old age. 

Anticiper, ^-tW-pS,v. a. to anticipate, 
prevent, forestall, take up before-hand or be 




bise, b&t : jtune, in^ute, b^un-e : infant, c^nt, liew ; vin ; mo« ; bru/j. 

fore the time. Anliciper sur, to encroach upon, 
usurp, invade. 

Anti-cour, V. Amnt-cmr. 

Antidate, ^M-ti-dit, s. f. antedate. 

Antid ATER, i«-t?-da-t^, V. a. to antedate. 

ANTiDOTE,fe?-tl-ddt, s. m. antidote, coun- 
terpoison, preservative. 

Antienne, hn-&in, s. f. anthem. 

Antilles, ^n-ti/, s. f. Windward Islands. 

Antilogie, s. f. antilogy, contradiction. 

ANTiMoiNE,^n-ti-mwin, s. m. antimony. 


Antimonial, e, adj. antimonial. 

Anti-national, e, adj. in opposition to 
the national taste, etc. 

Antino»iie, s. f. contradictory laws. 

Antipape, 6w-ti-p^p, s. m. antipope. 

Antipathie, in-ti-pii-ti, s. f. antipathy, 
natural aversion, repugnancy or avei-seness. 

Antipathk^ue, ^n-ti-pa-tik, adj. averse, 

Antiperistase, s. f. aniiperistasis. 

Antipestilentiel, le, adj. antipesti- 

Antiphrase, kn-H-^rkz, s. f. antiphrasis. 

Antipodes, ^n-tl-pSd, s. m. pi. anti()odes. 

Antipoile, contrary, directly opposite. // 
tst I'antipode du ton sens, he is a contradiction 
to good sense. 

ANTiquAiLLE, ^-t?-ka/, s. f. antiouc, ru- 
inous piece of antiquity. ArUiqiudlles, old 
rubbish or stuff. 

Antiqcaire, hn-^-kkr, s. m. antiquary. 

ANTiQUE,^n-t!k, adj. antique, old, ancient. 

Antiq,uE;^s. f. antique, piece or monument 
of antiquity. A Uantique, adv. after the an- 
cient or old way, fashion or manner. 

Antiquite, hi-ii-k\-ili,s. f. antiquity, an- 
cientness, the ancients, ancient times, former 
ages ; antique, piece of antiquity. 

Antisciens, ^-t?-s?in, s. m. pi. people 
who live on each side of the equator, equi- 
distant from it. 

Antiscorbutiqije, adj. antiscorbulick. 

Antistrophe, s f. antistrophe. 

Antithese, ^-ti-t^z, s. f. antithesis. 

ANTiTHrnQUE,(^n-ti-ta-tIk, adj. opposite, 
contrarj', full of antitheses. 

AnrirRiNiTAiRE, s. m. antitrinitarlan. 

Antitype, s. m. antitype. 

AntivInerien, ne, adj. antivenereal. 

Antonins,s. m. pi. Antonian,(sortofmonk.) 

Antonomase, s. f. autonomasia. 

Antre, ^rttr. s. m. den, cave. 

Anvers, s. m. Antwerp. 

AnuitI, e, adj. benighted. 

S'Anuiter, sil-nai-ti, v. r. to be benighted, 
stay till it is night. 

Anus, ci-nSs, s. m. anus, fundament. 

Anxiete, ^rak-sM-ta, s. f. anxiety, per- 
plexity, sorrow, anguish, great trouble. 

Aoriste, 5-rist, s. m. aorist, indefinite as 
to time. 

Aorte, s. m. aorta, artery of the heart. 

AouT, 60, s. m. August. L'aotd, the har- 

Aout:^, e, i-So-ti,adj. ripened in August. 

Aouter, v. a. to ripen in August. 

AouTEKON,6ot-ro7i s.m.rea!.erin 

Apagogie, s. f apagogy. 

APAiSER,&-p3-za. v. a. to appease, miti- 
gate, pacify, quiei, slill, allay, sol^ten, assuage, 
calm, qualify, co pose, suppress, to quench 

(thirst,) to compose, compound, adjust, make 
up (a difference.) S'apaiser, v. r. to allay 
one's passion, be allayed, be or grow quiet, 
etc. Le vent s'est apaise, the wind is gone down 
L'orage s'est apctisS, the storm is over. 

Apanage, k-pk-nkz, s. m. portion of a 
sovereign prince's younger children. Dormer 
urie terre en ajMimge, to as.sign an estate in 
lieu of a future right 01 succession to the who.e. 
yl;wrwo-e,appendix,appurtenance, appendage. 

Apanager, ^-pi-ni-ta, v. a. to settle an 
estate on a younger sou for his maintenance. 

Apanagiste,s. m. young prince on whom 
an estate has been settled for his maintenance. 

APARTi, ^-par-la, s. m. tliat which an ac 
tor speaks aside, (it takes no s in the plural.) 

Apathie, il-p3[-ti,s. f. apathy, composed- 
ness of mind, insensibility, freedom from pas 

Apathique, %-p?L-t!k, adj. insensible, void 
of passions. 

Aped BUTE, s. m. apoedeutes, ignorant from 
want of instruction. 

Apedeutisme,s. m. apcedeusia, ignorance 
from want of instruction. 

Apennin, s. f. Apeimine. 

Apens, V. Guet. 

Apepsie, s. f. apepsy, loss o'" concoction, 

Apercevable, i-pdrs-vibi, adj. per- 

Apercevance, s. f. faculty of perceiving. 

APERCEV0iR,2i-p^rs-vw^r, v. a. to per- 
ceive, desriy, ken, discover. S'aj-ercevoir, 
v. r. to perceive or see, etc. S'apercevrir de, 
to jierceive, understand, remark, take notice 
of, find out, discover. 

APER9U, s. m. attentive observation. V 
Apercevoir, i\,e participle past or passive of 
whi<;h \s,ajKrqu. 

Aperiti-f, ve, il-pa-ri-t?f, tlv, adj. aperi 
tive, opening (said of medicines.) 

*Apertement, adv. mauifesdy, plainly 
openly, clearly. 

Ap'iTALE, adj. that has no petal. 

Apetissement, ilp-tls-m^n, s. m. diminu 
tion, lessening. 

Apetisser, ip-t?-s!t, v. a. to lessen. Ape 
tisser, v. n. or S'aj^tisser, v. r. to grow less or 
short, decrease, lessen or shrink. 

Aphelie, s. m. aphelion. 

APHiRisE, s. f. aphseresis. 

Aphonie, s. f. apiiony, loss of voice. 

Apiiorisme, d-l &-rlsin, s. m. aphorism. 

Aphthe, s. m. small white swelling in the 

A PI, S-p!, s. m. sort of red apple. 

Apic^uer, v. a. Mar. Ex. Apiqiiertmever- 
gue, to peak a yard, top a yard up and down. 

A PLANER, V. a. to raise tlie wool or nap 
ot a blanket. 

Aplaneur, s. m. he that raises the wool 
or nap of a blanket. 

Aplanir, ?l-pli\.-n?r, v. a. to 'erel, smooth, 
make even o>' smooth, lay flat, to lake away, 
clear, remove (uitficulties.) S'aplaiiir, v. r 
to grow smooth or easy, etc. 

ApLANissEMENT,S.-pli-n?8-m?n, s. m. le- 
velling, making smooth or even. 

Aplanisseu-r, se, s. m. & f. polisher. 

APLATiR,i-pl,\-tir, V. a. to flatten, make 
flat. S'aplatir, v. r. to become flat. 

Aplatissfment, ^-plri-t!s-mt^ s. m. flat 
, teuing or making flat. 




hkr, bit, base : lh(^re, ebb, ov^r : field; fig : nbbe, r6b, 16rd : mAod, gdod. 

Aplomb, s. m. perpendicular line or posi 
tion. Prendre rajdomb d'une murailie, to level 
a wall. 

Aplomb, adv. perpendicularly, uprightly. 

Apnef,,s. f. want of respiration. 

Apocalypse, a-p6-ka-i)ps,s. f. apocalypse, 
the Revelation of St. John. 

Apocalyptique, adj. apocalyptical. 

Apoco, s. m. one who has little or no wit 

Apocope, s. f. apocope. 

Apocroijstique, adj. apocrustick. 

Apocryphe, a-pd-krif, adj. apocryphal. 

Les Avocnjphes, s. m. pi. the Apocrypha. 

Apocyn,!-. m. dog's-bane, Hy -trap, (a plant.) 

Apodictique, adj. apodicticfj. 

Apogee, a-pd-ta, s. m. apogee. 

Apog RAPHE, s. m. copy of a writing. 

ApoLooiTiQUE, a-p6-ld-i^-tik, adj. apo- 

AP0L0GETIQ.UE, s. m. apologctic oration, 

Apologie, &-pd-ld-ii, s. f. apology, de- 
fence, excuse. 

Apologiste, a-pft-lS-zlst, s. m. apologist, 
he that apologizes. 

Apologue, a-p5-l6g, s. m. apologue, mo- 
ral fable. 

Apom£cometrie, s. m. apomecometry. 

Aponevrose, s. f. aponeurosis. 


Apophlegmatisme, s. m. apophlegma- 

Apophthegme, i-p5f-t3gm, s. m. apo- 
thegm, short, and pilliy sentence, maxim, 

Apophyge, s. f. apophyge. 

Apophyse, s. f. apophysis. 

Apoplecti^ue, a-p6-plek-tik, adj. apo- 

Apoplexie, ?l-p6-pl?k-sl, s. f. apoplexy. 

Apostasie, i-pfts-ta-si, s. f. apostacy. 

Apostasier, il-p6s-ti-zi-ii, v. n. to apos- 

Apostat, i-pfts-ta, s. m. apostate, back- 
slider, rencgado. 

Apostate, s. f. apostate woman. 

Aposteme,s. m. aposteme or apostume. 

AposTER,i-pfts-ta,v. a. to suborn^ appoint. 

AposTiLLE,i-pAs-t?Z,s.f. postscript; mar- 
ginal note or reference. 

Apostiller, i-p6s-tJ-/^, V. a. to write a 
postscript, make notes or references iji the 

AposTOLAT,ii-p6s-ta-l?i,s. m. apostleship. 

AposTOLiquE, i-pSs-tft-lik, adj. aposto- 
lick ; good, holy. 


apostolically, holily. 

Apostrophe, *a-p6s-tr6f, s. f. apostrophe. 

Apostropher, Ji-pfls-lrd-fa, v, a. to 
apostrophize, address one's speech to. 

Apostume, ^-pAs-tflin, V. Aposteme. 

AposTUMER,i-p3s-t&-m\, v. n. to suppu- 
rate, gather matter, draw to a head. 

ApoTHfosE,(l-pd-t^-Az, s. f. apotheosis. 

ApoTHicAiRE,^-pft-il-Wr,s. m. apothecary. 

Apothicaikerie, i-i)d-tl-/l-^r-rl,s. f. apo- 
thecary's shop. {L'art rfapoi/ncuiVf,) apothe- 
cary's trade. 

Apothicairesse, s. .nun that prepares 
remedier. i n a nunnery. .\podiocary's wife. 

Ap6trk a-i)Atr, s. m. apos'.le; un ban 
ap^tre, a pretender to honesty. 

Apozeme, a-p6-zem,s. m. apozem, deOBie' 

Apparat, l-pi-ri, s. m. preparation, 
study ; discours d'apparat, discourse made 
with great preparation, studied or set speech ; 
a compendious dictionary. 

Apparaux, a-pa-r6, s. m. pi. Mar. the 
whole furniture of a ship, as sails, rigging, 
tackle, yards, guns, etc. 

Appareil, a-ph-ril, s. m. preparation, 
provision, furniture; train, retinue, e<|uipage 
attendance ; dressing ; thickness or height (of 
a stone.) Mettre un appareil a une piuie, to 
dress a wound. Apjiareil, Mar. Ex. Fuire 
un apjiareil, to raise a purchase. Ajtpoi-eil 
des aiwres, ground-tackle. 

Appareillage, s. m. Mar. act of getting 
under way or under sail. L'escadre est en 
appareillage, the fleet is getting under way. 

Appareille, e, adj. dressed, fitted, etc. 
Pierre a]yp<ireilUe, stone ready marked to bo 
cut. Voile appareillee, Mar. sail made 

Appareiller, a-pS.-r§-/a, v. a. to match. 
Appareiller des bas, to dress or fit stockings. 
Appareiller, v. n. Mar. to set sail, get under 
way. S'apjrmreiller, v. r. to couple or match. 

ApPAREiLLEi;R,Ji-pa-r^-/fiur,s. m. he that 
prepares or marks stones that are to be cut. 

Appareilleuse, i-pi-rS-Ziuz,s. f. bawd, 

ApPAREMMENT,a-pi-ra-m37i, adv. likely, 
apparently, in all appearance. 

Apparence, a-pi-r^»^s, s. f. appearance, 
outside show. // n'y a en elle aucune appa- 
rence de vie, there is not in her any sign of 
life. Apparence, appearance, likelihood, pro- 
bability. A phenomenon, an appearance. 

Apparent, e, a-pa-ren, r^nl, adj. appa- 
rent, plain, manifest, evident; likely, proba- 
ble. Eminent, chief, topping, considerable. 
Apparent, seeming. 

Apparente, e, adj. Ex. Bien apparent^, 
that hcis good relations, of a good family 
Mai ajyparentS, related to persons of low de- 
gree, wlio has very mean relations. 

an alliance (with a family.) 

Apparesser, v. a. to dull, make heavy 
and dull. S'apjm-esser, v. r. to grow lazy or 
dull or heavy. 

Apparie.ment, i-p^i-rl-m^, s. m. pairing, 

Apparier, il-pA-r!-i, v. a. to pair, sort, 
match. Apparier le mAle avec la ftmeilt, to 
match the male and female. S'apparier^ v. r, 
to couple. 

Appariteur, ^-pk-rl-llaT, s. m. appari- 
tor, beadle. 

AppARirtoN, S-p5-r!-s?o», s. f. appear- 
ance, apparition, vision. 

Apparoir, i-pa-rw4r, v. n. defect only 
used in the infin. and third person sin"-, il op- 
pert, it appears, it is apparent or evident. 

Apparoitre, &-pJ»-r^tr, v. n. {liJce pa- 
roiire) to appear. Les ambassaJeurs ont fait 
apparoitre de letirs pmtroirs, the ambassadors 
have produced or exhibited their powers or 
credentials. *ll apparoit, it appears. S'U 
roiis apparoit que, if you find, if you are satis- 
fied that. 

Appartement, ?i-pirt-mSn, s. m. apart- 
ment, drawing-room. 




bise, bflt : j^iine, mSute, biurre : en&nt, chii, lien ; vi« ; mon ; hmn. 

Appartenance, i-part-n^, s. f. appur- 
tenance, appendage. 

Appartenant, e, adj. belonging, apper- 

Appartekir, i-pirt-n?r, v. n. (like tenir) 
to appertain, belong, to belong to, relate to, 
concern ; to be related. 

// appartient, v. imp. it becomes, it is the 
duty, it is meet or just or reasonaole, it is fit. 
A tous ceux h qui U appartiendra, to all those 
whom it may concern. Ainsi qu'il apparti- 
tndra, as they shall see cause. 

Apparu, e. adj. appeared. 

AppAS,i-pi, allurements, charms, attrac- 

Appat, i-pi, s. m. bait; allurement, at- 
traction, enticement. 

Appateler, l-pkt-ll, V. a. to feed. 

AppATER,i-pi-ta, V. a. to bait, allure, en- 
tice, also to feed. 

AppAuvRiR,i-p6-vrfr,v. a. to impoverish, 
msike poor, beggar. Appaucrir, v. n. or 
s'appauvrir, v. r. to grow poor. 

Appauvrissement, i-p6-vrls-m3n, s. m. 
impoverishment, decay, poverty. 

Appeao, i-p<S, s. m. bird-call. 

Appel, 1,-pJl, s. m. appeal, appealing, 
call, roll call, calling over; call of a drum; 
a challenge. Faire Cappel du qttart, Mar. to 
muster the watch. 

Appelant, e, 3ip-lin, l^t, adj. appealing, 
that appeals. 

Appelant, s. m. Appelante, s. f. ap- 
pealer or appellant. Decoy-bird. 

Appeler, ip-li, V. a. to call, name, to call 
over; call for, call to, give a call; (envoyer 
chercher) to call, send for, summon to appear, 
to challenge, send a challenge to fight. Ap- 
peler. V. n. to appeal. Mar. to ^row. Comment 
appelU le cdble 7 How does the cable grow ? 
Appeler le monde cat quart, to spell the watch. 
S'apjyekr, v. r. to be called or named. 

Appellatif, i-p^l-l2i-tlf, adj. appellative. 
Norn appellatif, appellative, noun or name 
belonging to a whole species. 

Appellation, il-p^l-la-sion, s. f. appeal. 

ApPENUiCE,?i-p^n-dIs, s. m. appendix. 

Appendrb, i-p^ndr, v. a. to append, hang 

Appendu, e, adj. hungup. 

ApPENTis,i-pin-ti,s. m. shed, out-house. 

Appert, V. Apparoir. 

Appesantir, ip-zt«-t?r, v. a. to make 
heavy, dull, make dull. S'appesantir, v. r. to 
grow heavy or dull. 

APPESANTISSEMENT,?ip-zSra-tIs-m?rt,S. m. 

heaviness, dulness. 

Appetence, ii-p^-ihra, s. f. appetence, ap- 

Appeter, i-pi-tl, V. a. to desire, covet, 
be desirous of, tend to, 

Appetibilit^ , s. f. appetibility. 

App£tible, adj. appetible, desirable. 

Appetissant, e, S.-p5-t]-s^, s^TJt, adj. 
that provokes the appetite, that whets the sto- 
mach, relishing. 

App^tit, k-pK-i\, s. m. appetite, desire, 
affection, inclmatiou; appetite, stomach. 
Homme or femme de grand app^tit, high 
feeder. Clierclier son appitU, to please one's 
palate. Un cadet de bon a^lit, a sharp set 
lad ; b. Capp^tit, de, for wan' of, for tlie sake of 

Appetiti-f, ve, adj. concupiscible, appe- 

AppiTiTiON, ^p-pa-t5-s!on, s. f. appetilion. 

Appi£trir, (s') v. r. to fade, lose its lus 
tre, grow rusty. 

Applaudir, ^-pl6-d?r, v. n. to applaud, 
clap hands. Applaudir a une comedie, to cl<^ 
a play. Applaudir a, to applaud, approve, 
praise, commend. S'applaudir, v. r. to ap- 
plaud or praise or admire one's self, hug one's 

Applaudissement, i-pl6-dls-m3«, s. m 
applause, clap or clapping of hands, publick 

Applaudisseur,s. m. applauder. 

Applicable, ^-pl?-k4bl, adj. applicable. 

Application, ii-pH-k^-slo«, s. t. applica- 
tion, applying; care, attention, diligence, 

Applique, i-pHk, s. f. laying upon. 

AppLiQuf, e, adj. applied, etc. also w1h> 
applies very close. 

Appliquer, i-pll-ii, v. a. to apply, put, 
set, lay. Appliquer un soufflet, to give a box 
on the ear. 

Appliquer, v. n. to apply. Appliqtter une 
somme d'argent a b&lir, to bestow a sum of 
money upon building. To apply, engage. 
S'appliquer, v. r. to apoly, to addict one s self, 
to be applied. S'appliquer quelque cliose, to 
apply a thing to one's self, to take it upon one's 
self, eirrogate or appropriate a thing to one's 

Appoint, K-pw'm, s. m. odd money. 

Appointe, E, adj. ex. Requite appointee, 
petition that has been answered. Cause ap- 
pointee, cause referred to farther delibera- 

Appointe, s. m. officer or soldier that re- 
ceives better pay than the rest. 

Appointement, i-pwint-m^, s. m, de- 
cree, order, rule, etc. (given by a judge upon 
a cause before a final sentence.) Allowance, 
stipend, salary, maintenance. Foumir a I'ap- 
pointement, to help maintain one. 

Appointer, a-pwirt-ta, v. a. to refer (a 
cause.) To give an allowance or a salary. 

Appointeur,s. m. judge who puts off the 
hearing of a cause; reconciler. 

Apport, i-p6r, s. m. market, wake. 

Apportage,s. m. carriage. 

Apporter, S,-p6r-t^, v. a. to bring, convey, 
cause, breed, procure, occasion; to allege, 
bring, cite, produce; to use; to raise, start 
(objections, etc.) 

Apposer, i-p5-zi, V. a, to set np,put in or 
to ; to affix. 

Apposition, ip-p3-z1-s!on, s. f. apposition, 
setting or putting to, affixing ; addition, 
adding or putting to. 

AppRiflENDER, V. a. to give to a person 
of one's own choice one's prebend. 

Appr£ciateur, i-pra-sf-d-tSur, s. m. ap 

Appreciation, ^-pri-s!-!l-s?on, s. f, ap- 
prais'ng, rating, valuation, estimation. 

ApprIcier, ^)ra-sM, v. a. to appPciise^ 
value, rate, prize, set a value upon. 

Apprehends, e, adj. apprehended, etc. 
feared, etc. 

Apprehender, %.-pA-kn-dh, v. a. to ap- 
prehend, take, lay hold on, seize ; to appre- 
l nend, fear, stand in fear, dread, stand in awe of. 




b, b&t, base : th^re, ^bb, over : f.eld, fJg: r6be, r8b, !6rd : mAod, g6od. 

Apprehensi-f, ve, adj. apprehensive, 
(earful, timorous. 

Apprehension, i-pr^-^-sioji, s. f. appre- 
hension, perception ; appreliension, fear. 

Apprendre, ^-pr^ndr, v. a. (like prendre) 
to learn, get knowledge of; to learn or hear, 
understand^ be told or informed; to learn, 
teach ; to mform, advise. Ajrprenez qu'il ne 
fait pas ban sejouer arec lui, remember or lake 
notice that it is not safe meddling with him. 

Apprenti, e, i-pr^n-tl, s. m. &, f. appren- 
dce ; novice, new beginner. 

Apprentissage, ^-priw-ll-sls, s. m. ap- 
prenticeship. Faire son apprentissage, to 
serve one's apprenticeship, serve one's tnne. 
Mettre en ajrprenlissage, to bind apprentice. 
Etre en apjwentissage, to be an apprentice. I'apprmtissage du bel art de la. giierre, 
he is learning the noble art of war. Brevet j 
d'apprentissage, apprentice's indenture. Ap- 
prentissage, trial or one's skill. 

ApprSt, ^-pr^, s. m. preparation, dressing, 
stiffening, putting a gloss upon. Peindre en 
appret, to paint upon glass. Apqrrit (des vi- 
andes,) dressing or seasoning (of meat.) 

Apprete, a-pr^t, s. f. slice of bread to 
eat a boiled egg with. 

Appr£ter, S.-pr^-ta, v. a. to prepare, 
dress, make or get reidy, to stiffen or put a 
gloss upon. Appr^ter h manger, apjirtler des 
viandes, to dress victuals. Appreter a rire, to 
Bfford matter of laughter, make one's self a 
laughing stock. Apjrriter im brfdot, Mar. to 
prime a fireship. S'appriler, v. r. to prepare 
one's self, go about, get ready. 

Appreteur, l.-pri-tSur, 8. m. painter 
npon glass. 

Appris, e, adj. taught, leanit, etc. V. 
Ajrprend)-e. Un jeune homme bien amris, a 
well-bred young man, a youth well educated. 

Apprivoiser, ^-pri-vwS-za, v. a. to tam*>, 
make tame or gentle or tractable. S'appri- 
voiser, v. r. to grow tame or familiar. La per- 
fidie s'apprivoise par les bienfaits, perfidious- 
ness may be overcome by kindness. 

Approbateur, &-prS-b?i-t§ur, s. m. Ap- 
probatrice, s. f. approver, on« that ap- 
proves or likes. 

Approbati-f, ve, adj. appnving. 

Approbation, S.-pr5-b?i-sIori, s. f. appro- 
bation, liking, consent. 

Approchant, e, S-pr5-sh^, sh^t, some- 
thing like, not unlike, near allied, near akin. 
Approchant de, near, about. 

Approche, ^-prftsh, s. f. approach, ap- 
proaching, coming nigh, drawing near. Lu- 
nette d'approche, prospective or perspective 

Approcher, ?l-prft-sh^, v. a. to draw or 
bring near, approach. Apjrrochez la table du 
feu, draw the table near the fre. Les In- 
nettes anprocherU les choses, perspective glasses 
bring objects nearer to our sigh*. Tocher 
d'approcher deux personnes Vune de I'auire, 
to endeavour to reconcile two persons. Ap- I 
procher qttelqu'un, to approach one, have free I 
access to him. Approcher^ Mar. to near. 
Approcher, v. n. to draw nigh or near, ap- 
proach, come near. S'approclier, v. r. to draw 
neararnigh,appr<- tch, come near. Approchez- 
rxnis du feu, draw near or come near the fire. 

AppROFOxniR, ^-prA-foTJ-dir, v. a. to dig 
Of make deeper, to search into, examUie tlio- 

roughly, penetrate to the bottom of (a subicct.) 

Approfondissement, s. m. act of dig- 
ging deeper, act of examining thoroughly, 

Appropriance, s. f. act of taking posses- 

Appropriation, ?i-prd-pri-S,-sion, s. f. 

Approprier, il-pr6-pri-^, v. a. to appro- 
priate, adopt, fit, apply. S'approprier, v. r. 
to appropriate to one's self, usiu-p ; to lay claim 
to, appropriate to one's self. 

Appro visioNNEMENT,i-pr5-vi-i?3n-m^n, 
s. m. the supplying with necessaries. L'ap- 
provisiomiement d'un vaisseau, the victualling 
of a ship. 

Approvisionner, l-prd-v?-s!6-na, v. a^ 
to provide, victual, supply with provisions. 

Appro visiONNEUR, ^-prfl-vi-sffi-n^ur, 
s. m. provider, victualler. Batirnent approvi- 
sionneur, victualling ship. 

Approuver, l-jprflo-v^, v. a. to approve, 
approve of, allow of, like, consent to. 

Approximation, ^-prflk-si-m^-don, s. f. 

Approximer, v. a. to approximate. 

Appui, 5-pfiif, s. m. prop, stay. Hauteur 
d'appui, breast-height. Mur a hauteur d'ap- 
pui, wall breast high ; support, strength, de- 
fence, countenance, interest, credit, help, 
protection. Clieval de ben appui,^ horse of an 
easy rest upon the hand. Alter a I'appui de 
la boule, to hit the bowl of another player. 
Aller a I'ajypui de la boule, to second, back. 
Poiiit d'apjnti, support, basis, foundation. 

Appui-MAiN, s. m. painter's mostick, 

Appuy£, e, adj. borne up, propped, etc. 

Apputer, ^-pfl!-y^, v. a. to bear up, sup- 
port, prop, stay, keep up ; to support, bear 
up, uphold, countenance, back, favour, pro- 
tect, defend ; strengthen, ground, make good. 
Appuyer, v. n. to lean, bear. Appuyez da- 
vantage sur le cachet, lean harder upon the seal. 
Ap]7uyer, io dwell, lay a stress, insist. Ap- 
puyer un signal, Mar. to enforce a signal . Ap- 
puie les bras du vent, haul taught the weather 
braces. S'appuyer, v. r. to lean, rest. S'ap- 
puyer de la protection de quelquun, to rely or 
build or depend upon a man's protection. 
S'appuyer sicr qnelqiie passage de i' Ecrilure, 
to ground what one says upon some passage 
of the Scripture. ^ 

Apre, ipr, adj. rough, harsh, sharp, tart ; 
hard, severe, biting, nipping ; rough, rugged , 
violent, fierce, cniel, grievous ; austere, crab- 
bed, sullen; eager, greedy, fierce. 

Aprement, k'pr-mhi, adv. roughly, 
harshly, sharply, rigorously, cuttingly, 
fiercely, severely, greedily, eagerly, etc. 

Apres, ?i-pri, prep, after, next to. 

Aprks, next to, except; after, against, 
upon. Tout le numde crie apr^s Ini, every 
body cries out upon him. R est toujours 
apr^s moi, he is always at my elbow". Be 
mettre aprh quelqu'un, to fall upon one, go 
about to beat him. ^ Apres quoi, after that, 
then. Je suis apres a ea-ire. I am writ 
ing. Ci-aprh, hereafter. D'apres, next. 
Le Jour d'apres, the next day. D'apres 
is also used as a preposition in sum- 
ming up what has been said, seen, read, 
etc. to lead to a conclusive inference or de- 
cision ; Ex. D'apres ce que vous avez dii, U 




bise, b&t : jiune, mSute, b^urre : knfkni, c^t, liew ; vin ; men : bruw. 

mdrite n'est pas toujours recompense, it follows 
from what you have said, that merit is not al- 
ways rewarded. D'apres, by, upon, accord- 
ing to, in consequence of, in imitation of, upon 
the authority of, from the original of. 

Apres coup, adj. too late, when the time 
or opportunity is over. 

ApRis quE, corj. after, after that, when, 
by that time. 

Apres-demain, adv. after to-morrow. 

Apres-dine, adv. after dinner, in the af- 

Apres-dinee, s. f. the afternoon. 

APRi:s-MiDi,^adv. afternoon. 

ApRis-souPE, adv. after supper, at night. 

APRi:s-soupiE,s. f. the time after supper, 

Aprete, ipr-ti, s. f. asperity, roughness, 
sharpness, harshness, tarUiess, ru^gedness, un- 
evenness ; asperity^ harshness, sharpness, se- 
verity, violence, rigour, suUenness; eager- 
ness, greediness, 6erceness. 

Apsides, s. m. pi. absides (the plural of 

Apte, clpt, adj. proper, apt, fit. 

APTiTUDE,ip-lJ-t&a,s. f. aptness, aptitude. 

Apuremknt, i-piir-m^n, s. m. cleansing. 
Apurement d'un compte, the settling or ba- 
lancing of an account. 

Apurer, S-'pfl-r^, V. a. to cleanse. Apu- 
rer un compte, to settle or balance an account. 

Apyre, ?L-pir, adj. incombustible (said of 
sorts of earth and stones which fire cannot 
change into glass, lime or plaster.) 

Apvrexie. s. f. apyrexy, intermission or 
cessation of a fever. 

Aquarius, s.m. Aquarius (in the zodiac.) 

Aquatile, adj. pron. acouatile, aquatile, 

AquATiquEji-kw^-tlk, adj. pron. Acoii- 
atique, watery, full of water, marshy, growing 
or living or breeding in or about the water, 
aquatick, aquatile. PlarUes aquatiques, plants 
growing in or near the water. Oiseaiix aqim- 
tiqiws, water-fowls. 

AquEDUC, ik-dflk, s. m. aqueduct, water- 

Aqueu-x, se, \-kk\x, khuz, adj. aqueous, 
waterish, watery, resembling water. 

Aquilin, e, H-Ai-lirt, liu, adj. hawked, 
hooked, aquiline. 

Aquilon, ii.-B-\on, s. m. north-wind. Les 
ttquilons, the cold and boisterous winds. 

Aq,uiLONAiRE, adj. northerly. 

AquiTAiNE, s. f. Aquilania. 

ARABE,l-rib, adj. & s. m. & f. Arabian. 

Arabe,s. m. covetous, base, sordid, griping 
fellow, miser; c'est un Arabe, he is a Jew. 
Arabe, Arabic language. 

Arabesque, i-ri-Wsk, or Arabique, 
adj. Arabian, Arabic. 

ARABiE,i-ri-bi, s. f. Arabia. 
Arab.sme,s. m. Arabism or Arabian idioin» 

Arable, adj. arable, fit for tillage. 

ARACK,i-r^k, s m. arrack, rack. 

Akachnotde.s f. araclinoides. 

Araigkee, S rS-gni, s. spider; toile 
dCaraign^e, cobweb ; <3so, superfine thin lawn. 
Dmgts d'araignee, long lean fingers. Arai- 
gnee, Mar. crow-foot. 

Ara mher, a-r^n-bii, v. a. Mar. to grapple. 

ARASEMENT,4-riz-m^7t, s. m. levelling. 

Araser, i-ri zi,v. a. to build up or raise 

part of a wall or building even with another 
part which is higher ; to level the top of a wall. 

Arab ALEST RILE, s. f. Jacob's staff", cross 

Aratoire, adj. of or belonging to tillage, 

Arbalete, ir-b<l-l§t, s f. cross-bow. Ar- 
halite ajalet, bow to throw stones. Arbal^te, 
Jacob's staff. 

Arbaleter, ?lr-bi-l3-ta, v. a. to stay or 
bear up with pieces of timber. 

Arbaletrier, ?ir-bd-l^-tri-ii, s. m. cross- 
bow-man. n n'est pas grand arbaletrier, he 
is no conjuror, he is not very vigorous. 

Arbaietriers, s. m. pi. pieces of timber that 
bear up the rafters of a roof. 

Arbitrage, ir-bl-irii, s. m. arbitration, 
arbitrement, umpire's decree or sentence. 

Arbitraire, ?b-bl-tr^r, adj. arbitrary, 
voluntary, absolute, despotick. 

Arbitrairement, ir-bl-tr^r-m^n, adv. 

Arbitral, E,ir-b!-lrM, adj. Ex. Sentence 
arbitrale, arbitrement, sentence or judgment 
of the arbiti-ators, umpire's award. 

ARBiTRALEME.\T,ir-bl-tril-ni^, adv. by 
wav of arbitration, by arbitrators. 

Arbitrateur, §ir-bi-tri-tSur, s. m. arbi- 

Arbitration, s. f, arbitration. 

Arbitre, &r-bltr, s. m. will,/mnc arbitre, 
or libre arbitre, free-will ; arbiter, arbitrator ; 
umpire, sovereign disposer, master. 

Arbitrer, V. a. to arbitrate,- regulate, or 
der, adjudge. 

Arborer, Ir-bA-r^, V. a. to set up, hang 
out, or lio'st. Arborer une plume a son clui- 
pcau, to set off one's hat with a plume of 
feathers. Arborer un m&t, to set up a mast ; 
arbore lajiamme, hoist the pendant. 

Arbouse, ir-bAoz, s. f. fruitof the arbute. 

Arbousier, S.r-b5o-zfi, s. m. arbute, 

Arbgutanf, V. Arc-bmdant. 

Arbre, irbr, s. m. tree ; axle-tree, beam. 
Arbre de navire, mast of a ship. V. Mat. 

Arbrisseau, &r-brJ-s6, s. m. dwarf tree. 

Arbuste, ir-bftst, s. m. arbuscle, shrub, 

Arc, irk, s. m. bow, hand-bow, long bow ; 
arch. Arc c^cccc/e, arch, segment, or section 
of a circle. Arc de triomphe or Arc triomphai, 
triumphal arch. Arc-en-ciel, rain-bow. Arc, 
Mar. L'arcd'un b&timent, the cambering of a 
vessel's deck or keel. Arc d'une piece de con- 
struction, compass of a piece of timber. Arc 
de constntcteur, instrument employed by ship- 
wrights for drawing on paper the sheer of the 
wales, etc. 

Arcade, ir-kJd, s. f. arcade, arch, vault. 

Arcane, s. m. arcanum, secret. 

Arcasse,s. f. Mar. stem-frame. V. Barre. 

Arc-boutant, ir-b5o-t^M, s. m. pillar that 
supports an arch, buttress. Arc-boutant, Mar. 
bciom. Les arcs-boittans des titles, the spurs of 
the bits. Arc-boutant, ring-leader, sup|X)rter. 

Arc-bouter, v. a. to prop or support ao 
arch, or wall. 

Arceau, s. m. arch of a vault. 

ArchaTsme, s. m. antiquated word or ex- 

ARCHAL,ir-sh?Ll,or_/f/d'arfAa/,8. m. wire, 
brass- wire. 




Ukr. lU, biise : th^e, ebb, over : field, f?g : r6be, rftb, I6rd : ni6od, giod.' 

Archange, ki-kknz,s. m. arcnangel. 

Archk, ^rsh, s. f. arch (of a bridge.) 
L'arche de No^, Noah's ark. L'arclie d'alli- 
amx, the ark of the covenant. 

Archee, ?lr-sh^, s. f. archcus, prmciple 

Archelet, s. m. little bow. 

Archer, Sr-shi, &. m. archer, bowman. 
Franc archer, archer free from taxes. Cette 
Jemtne est un franc arcJier, that woman is a 
termagant. Sort of officer, or attendant or 
guard. Archer du precot, one of the provost 
marshal's attendants or guard. Lfs arcliers 
du guet, the patrole (at Paris.) Archer des 
vauvres, archer de Vicuelk, foot soldier that 
lias orders to seize upon street beggars, and 
cirrv them to the worlc -house. 

*Archerot, s. m. little archer (sciid of 

Archet, Sr-sh?, s. m. bow to play on a 
violin, etc. ; upper part of a cradle ; sweating 
cradle. A little bow used with the hand for 
drilling or turning. 

Archetype, Ir-ki-tip, s. m. archetype, 
original, model, stcuidard of weights, etc. 

ARCHEvicH^^ ?Li-sh-v6-sh^, s. m. arch- 
bishopric ; archbishop's palace. 

ARCHEviQUE, ^sh-v^k, s. m. archbishop. 

Archi, ir-sh?, arrant, egregious. Vn 
archi-menteitr, a most egregious liar. Un ar- 
chi-frijh/ti, an arrant knave. Archi, chief, 
great. .4rc/(iVr/wn5a«, chief cupbearer; ar- 
chi-trhorier, great-treasurer. 

Archicamerier or Archichambel- 
LAN, s. m. great chamberlain. 

Archidiaconat, s. m. archdeaconship. 

Archidiacone, s. m. archdeaconry. 

Archidiacke, ^r-slii-diakr, s. m. arch- 

Archiduc, s^ m. archduke. 

Archiduche, s. m. archdukedom. 

Archiduchesse, s. f. archduchess. 

ARCHiipiscopAL, E, Sr-M-^-pls-kfl-pM, 
adj. (pron. arid,) archiepiscopai, of or belong- 
ing to the archbishop. 

Archimandritat, s. m. revenue annexed 
to the office of the superior of a con\ ent. 

Archimandrite, s. m. abbot or superior 
of some convents. 

ARCHiMARfcHAL, s. m. high-i larshal. 

Archipel, 2Lr-sh!-f)^l, s. m. archipelago. 

Archipompe, S.r-sm-ponp, s. f. well in a 
ship, pump-well. 

Archipr£tre, ?tr-sh1-pritr, s. m. arch- 

Arch7Ph£tr]e, ?lr-sM-pri-trS,s. m. arch- 
priest hcH)d; dignity, office and jurisdiction 
of an arthpnest. 

Archifrieur^, s. m. arch-priory. 

Architecte, ir-shi-tSkt,s. m. architect,' 

Architectoniq,ue, adj. architectural. 

Architecture, Sr-shi-t^k-tiltr, s. f. ar- 
chitecture, art of building. 

Architrave, 5r-shi-triv, s. f. architrave. 

Arch i VES,ir-shiv,s. f. pi. archives,records. 

ARCHiviSTE,S.r-shl-vlst, s. m. keeper of 
the records. 

Arch i volte, s. f. archivault. 

Archontat, ir-kon-ti, s. m. dignity of 
the Archon. 

Archonte, ir-kont, s. in. Archon, one o£ 
the chief magistrates at Athens. 

AR90N, ilr-swi, s. m. saddle-bow. Vider 
or perdre les arsons, to be thrown out of the 
saddle, to fall ofi" one's horse. Etre ferme 
dans les arqoiis, to sit firm on a horse. 

Arctique, Irk-tik, adj. arctick, north. 

Ardelion, s. m. busy-body. 

Aruemment, ^r-d^-m§n, adv. ardently 
vehemently, eagerly, fervently. 

AnnENT,E,Sr-d^n,d^wt, adj. hot, burning 
burning hot, glowing, fiery ; ardent, vi'^lent 
vehement, mettlesome ; eager, earnest zeal- 
ous. Poll ardent, red or sandy hair. Ar- 
rfeni, Mar. griping, carrying a weather helm. 
Vaisseaxi ardent, griping ship. Le vaisseau est 
ardent, the ship gripes. Le vaisseau est il ar- 
dent 7 Does toe ship carry a weather helm ? 

Ardent, s. m. kind of fiery meteor. 

*Arder, v. a. to burn. La gorge m'oarde, 
my throat is on fire. 

Ardeur, ^r-d§ur, s. f. heat, burning heat, 
ardour, eagerness, fervency, passion, zeal; 
fire, mettle. 

ARDiLLON,ir-d3-/ora, s. m. tongue (of a 

Ardoise, Hr-dwiz, s. f. slate. 

Ardoisiere, &r-dwa-ziir, s. f. quarry of 

*Ardre, v. a. & n. used only in ll»e inf. 
and in the -Sd person sing, of the pres. indica- 
tive, and of the subj. il arde, qu'il aide, it bums. 
V. Arder. 

*Ardu, e, adj. hard, arduous, tough, diffi- 
cult of access. 

Arene, ^-W>n, s. f. sand, gravel ; that place 
in the amphitheatre where gladiators and wild 
beasts used to fight. 

Arener, v. n. to sink. 

Areneu-x, se, i-ri-n^u, n^uz,adj. sandy. 

Akeole, s. f. small area ; coloured circle 
round the nipple. 

Areometre, s. m. areometer, instrument 
for weighing liquids. 

Areopage, |-ri-3-pi«, s. m. Areopagus. 
ARE0PAGiTE,a-r&-3-pi-i?t,s. m.areopagite. 

Arer, ?i-ra, v. a. Mar. to drive, bring the 
anchor home, drag the anchor. 

ArIte, S-r^t, s. f. fish-bone; angle or 
edge (of ti mber or stone.) ArtU de cuilkr, 
ridge of a spoon. Arfte de lame d'ejiee, ridge 
of a sword-blade. Ar^te d'assieile or de plat, 
edge of a plate or dish next the bottom. 

Ariles,s. f. pi. mangy humour (in horses.) 

Arganeau, ^r-gu-nft, s m. V. Organemi. 

Argent, kr-zbi, s. m. silver. Vi_fargent, 
quick-silver, mercury. Aroent trail or file, 
silver wire. Silver coin, money, coin. Bmir- 
reau d' argent, prodigal fool, spendthrift. Point 
d'argent point de Suisse, no penny, no pater- 
noster. Jeter V argent a poign^es, to throw one's 
money away. Argent, (in heraldry,) argent 
(the white colour.) 

Argent£ e, adj. silvered over, done over 
»vith silver, plated with silver, silver-coloured. 
Les jHots argentis, the silver waves. GrU 
argeidi, whitish gre 

Arg enter, ^r-;' 
do over with silver, 

Argenterie, ir-*^t-ri, s. f. plate, silver 

•Argenteu-x, se, \x-zkn-\h\, tiuz, adj 
monied, full of money. 

ARGENTiER,^-2in-t!L silver-smith 
steward, puner. 

sh grey. 

i,^r-2tn-ti, V. a. to silver ( 





buse, bflt : j^une, mSute, bSurre : &nTunt, c^nt, lie« ; viw ; mon : brun. 

Argentin, e, kr-zhi-Un, tin, argentine, 
of ciear sound. Voix argentine, clear voice. 
Silver-coloured, bright or white or clear as 

Argentine, s. f. silver-weed. 

Argenture, s. f. thin sheets of silver for 

Argile, is-zW, s. f. clay, potter's clay. 

Argileu-x, se, ?lr-2l-l^u, liuz, adj. clay- 
ey, foil of clay. 

Argot, ?Lr-gfl, s. m. stub above the bud, 
dead bough ; cant, cant words. 

Argoter, v. a. to cut the stub of a tree 
above the bud. 

*Argoui,et, s. m. argoulet, sort of troop- 
er, scoundrel, paltry fellow, scrub. 


Argue, 2irg,s.f machine to wire-draw gold. 

ARGUER,&r-ffli-i, V. a. to reprove, con- 

- Argument, ^r-gh-mhi, s. m. argument, 
reasoning, proof, evidence ; subject, or sub- 
ject matter ; conjecture. 

Argumentant, ^r-gbi-mhn-ih^, s. m. dis- 


arguer. disputer, lover of disputes, wrangler. 

Argumentation, Sr-^^-m^-t^-sion, s. f 
argumentation, arguing, reasonmg. 

Argumenter, ir-jO^-m^-ta, v. n. to ar- 
gue, reason, discourse, infer, conclude. 

Argus, s. m. one suspiciously vigilant. 

Argutie, S.r-^-sl, s. f. cavil, quirk. 

Arianisme, i-r?-i-n!sm, s. m. Ariatiism. 

Aride, §,-r?d, adj. arid, dry, sterile. 

Aridit^, 3i-r!-d}-t?i, s. f aridity, dryness. 

Arien, ne, SL-ri-4n, 8n, adj. & s. m. & f. 

ARiis, s. m. Aries, the Ram. 

Ariette, 3i-ri?t, s. f arietta. 

Aristarque, i-ris-tArk, s. m. Aristar- 
cfaus, severe critic. 

ARisTOCRATE,?i-rfs-tft-kr?it, s. m. aristo- 

Aristocratie, i-r!s-tS-kri-sl, s. f. aris- 

Aristocratique, 3.-r!s-t6-kri-tlk, adj. 

Aristocrati^uement, !L-r!s-t3-kr§^-lik- 
m^, adv. aristocratically. 


ARiSTODiMOCRATiq,UE, adj. aristodemb- 

Aristoloche, s. f. hart-wort, birth-wort. 

Arithm^ticien, ^-r?t-mS.-tI-sien, s. m. 
arithmjtician, accountant. 

Arithmetique, &-rit-mS.-tlk, s. f arkh- 

Arithm^tiqce, adj. arithmetical. 

Arithm^ riQUEMENT, §l-r1t-ma-tik-m&^, 
adv. arithmetically. 

Arlequin, iiX\-k\n,\. Harle<iuin. 

Armauille, ^r-ma-di/,s. f. light frigate; 
small fleet of Spanish vessels to protect their 
colonial trnde. An animal, arma<lillo. 

Armani), s. f drench (for a sick horse.) 

Armateur, &r-m^-l?ur, s. m. owner of a 
privateer, fitte;* out of privateers, ship-owTier. 

Arme, Snn,s. f. arm or weajwn. Arnie a 
fm, fire-arm, gun. Armes, (pi. is more 
used,) arms. Prendre les anncs, to take up 
amis. Porter les armes, to bear arms. Aux 
aniwi ' to arms ! Passer nar les armes, to 

shoot or to be shot to death. Amw.s, armour, 
wars, fighting, martial affairs. Les armes 
sontjounialih-es, the fortune of war is uncer- 
tain. .4rwi««, military ex|)loits ; coat of arms, 
acliie\ements. Fencing. Maitre d'armes, 
nuiitre en fait d'armes, fencing-master. 
Faire des armes, to fence. Salle d'armes, 
fencing- school. Ar?nes, arms, v capons, rea- 
sons, arguments, defence, aid. Faire pro- 
fession des arvies, to profess arms, be a sol- 
dier or in the army. 

Arm£, e, adj. armed, etc. V. Amier. Viais- 
seatc armi en course, vaisseau arme en gueive, 
privateer, cruiser. Arm4 de toules piices, 
armed cap-a-pie. 

Arm^e, s. f. army. Armee de terre,\aiid' 
army. Armee narale, fleet, fleet of men of 
war. Dieu des amices. Lord of Hosts. 

Armeline, s. f. ermine. 

ARMEMENT,s.m. armament, arming, war- 
like preparations, raising of forces. Anne- 
meni. Mar. armament, equipment, out-fit, 
Etre en annemenl, to be fitting out. Mettre 
un baliment en armemenl, to put a ship into 

Arm^nienne, s. f bluish kind of stone. 

Armer, ir-ni^, v. a. to arm, furnish with 
arms ; make preparation for war, raise forces ; 
cause to take up arms ; to bind, strengthen 
(a beam with iron bars.) Ariiier, Mar. to fit 
out, (said of ships.) Armer les avirons, to 
ship the oars. Arme les avirons, get your 
oars to pass. Armer le cabestan, to rig the 
capstern. Armer la pompe, to man the nump. 

Scanner, V. r. to arm one's self, take up 
arms ; to fortify or arm or fence or strengthen 
or secure one's self S'armer de quelqne chose, 
to seize any thing to defend, or protect one's 

Armet, Sr-m6, s. m. helmet, head-piece 
*// en ad:iiis fannet, his brains are out of or- 
der, he is brain-sick. 

ARMiLLAiRE,Sr-miI-lir, adj. Ex. SpJi^re 
arvdllaire, armillar3' or hollow sphere. 

Arminianisme, ^-ml-a?i-nism, s. m. Ar- 

Arminien, NE, ir-ml-n1in, n?2n, s. m, & 
f. Arminian. 

Armistice, &r-m?s-t!s, s. m. armistice, 
truce, suspension of arms. 

Armoire, ar-mw^, s. f press, chest of 
drawers. Annoire a raisselle, cup-board. 

Armoiries, ir-mwi-rl, s. f. pi. arms, coat 
of arms, achievements. 

Armoise, s. f mothwort, St. John's wort, 

Armoisin, s. m. sarcenet. 

Armon,s. m. furchel. 

Armoniac, v. Ammoniac. 

Armoriai,, e, ar-mO-ri-Sl, adj. armorial 

Armorial, s. m. book of armonal eusigns. 

Armorier, ^r-mS-rl-fi, v. a. to put o» 
paint a coat of arms on anv thing. 

Armorique, Ir-mft-rik, acQ. armorick, 

Akmoriste, ^r-mS-rlst, s. m. a painter, 
writer, or teacher of heraldry. 

ARMURE,ar-miu-,«. f armour; the arming 
of a loadslone, the casing of it with iron. 

ARMURiEK,ar-m&-ria,s.m. armourer, gun- 

AROMATE,^-rS-mrit,s^m. aromatick drug. 

spicy. odorifeious, fragrant, sweet smelling. 




bir, bit, b&se : th^re, ^bb, ovir : flelJ, fig : r6be, rftb, I6rd : niAod, gaod. 

Akomatisation, s. f. mixing with aro- 

Aromatiser, i-rS-ml-tVza, v. a. to mix 
aromaticks with other drugs. 

*Aronde, k-Tond, s. f. swalJow. Queue 
d'aronde, swallow's tail, dove-tail. 

Arondklat, s. m. young swallow. 

Arondelle UK MER, s. f. Mar. light or 
small vessel. 

Arpegement, s. m. rapid, distinct and 
successive striking of all the notes. 

Arpeger, V. a. to strike all the notes ra- 
pidly, distinctly, and successively. 

Arpent, kr-p^n, s. m. acre (of land.) 

Arpentage, ir-piw-taz, s. m. measure- 
ment, surveying, (of land.) 

Arpekter, ar-p^-ta, v. a. to sun'ey or 
measure land. To run, walk a great pace, 
ran over. 

Arpenteur, kr-phi-iivtr, s. m. surveyor, 
measurer of laiid. 

Arque, e, adj. bent, crooked. Des Jam- 
bes arqu^es, bow-legs. 

Arquebcsade, Jrk-b5-z?Ld, s. f. arquebu- 
sade, shot of an arquebuse. 

Ari^uebuse, 4rk-biiz, s. f. arquebuse, 
sort of hand-gun. 

Arquebuser, ^rk-bfl-zi, v. a. to shoot, 
kill with an arquebuse. 

ArQUEbuserie, ark-biz-rl, s. f. trade or 
business of a gun-smith. 

Ar^uebusier, irk-b&-z1i, s. m. arquebu- 
sier, gun-smith. 

Arquer, S.r-H, v.n. to bend, turn crooked. 
Arquer, v. n. to be bowed. S'arqtier, v. r. 
Mar. to cumber, become hogged or broken- 

Arkache,Ex. D'arraclie-pied, without in- 
termission or discontinuance. 

Arrache, e, adj. pulled, plucked out, ef. 

*Arrachement, s. m. pulling or plucking 
out, drawing or getting out by force, snatch- 
ing. ArrcwIiemerU signifies now the places 
where a vault begins to form itself into an 

Arracher, &.-ri-shl,v. a. to pull, draw, 
get, pick, pluck out or away by force, grub, 
pull up, root up, snatch, tear off, wring, 
wrest, force out. Arracher ks yeiix a qml- 
qu'un, to pull one's eyes out. Arracher une 
dent, to draw a tooth. Arraclier un cor, to 
pick out a corn. Arracher un arbre, to grub 
up a tree, pull it up by the roots. Jelui ai 
(LrrcLchi ce tivre de la main, I have snatched 
this book out of his hands. Arraclier la peau, 
to tear the skin off. Arracher une ep^e des 
mains de<iuelqu'un, to wrest o/- wring a sword 
out of one's hands. Arracher, to get from 
prout, force out from, take away, lug away, 
tear off. AiTocher le cceur, PAvie, les entrad- 
les, to tear one's soul, break one's heart. 
Arraclier sa vie, to have much ado to keep 
life and soul together. 

Arracheur. ci-r?i-sli^ur, s. m. Arrachenr 
de dents, tooth-urawer. Arraclieiir de cars, 
com -cutter. 

"Arraisonner, Ex. S'arraisoTtner, v. r. 
to argue. 

Arrangement, i-r^nr-m^., s. m. ar- 
rangement, ordering or setting in order, dis- 
posniff, right-placing, scheme, project, plan. 
FrerMre des arranfremens pour paijer ses aettes, 
10 take measures for paying one's debts. I 

Arranger, k-rkn-z^, v. a. to arrange, sel 
in order, dispose, place in order, rank. Ar- 
ranger ses affaires, to settle one's affairs. S'ar- 
ranger, v. r. to seUle one's affairs. S'arran- 
ger cliez soi, to set one's house or lodging iu 

Arras, s. m. sort of parrot. 

Arre, V. Arrhe. 

Arrentement, i-r^nt-mSn, s. m. rent- 
ing or taking upon lease, place let or taken 
upon lease. 

Arrenter, i-rin-tS,, v. a. to rent or lease 
out, to rent or take hy lease. 

Arr^rager, v. n. to be in arrears or be- 
hind hand. 

Arr^rages, i-rSi-rLr, s. m. pi. arrears. 

Arrestation, s. f. the act of stoppuiif, 
seizing, arrest. 

Arr^t, k-rli, s. m. act, judgment, decree, 
sentence; arrest, distraining o/- at'achment, 
rest for a lance. Mettre la lance en arret, 
to rest or couch the lance. Arret, stay ; set- 
ting (of a clock, dog, etc.) CIden d'arrH or 
chten couchanl, setting dog, pointer. ArrH 
de cheval, stop or stopping of a horse. Un 
esprit qui n'a point d'arret, un esprit sans ar- 
ret, an unsteady mind, a giddy-head, a gid- 
dy-brain. Arrit, Mar. embargo ; mettre un 
ojidei- auxarrits, to put an oibcer under an 

ARRix^, E, adj. stooped, stayed, etc. V. 
Arriter. II n'a pas la v?ie arret^e (or as- 
surie,'^ he has not a steady look. R n'a pas 
Pespnt' an-etij he is giddy-brained or crack- 

Arrete, ^-r^-ta, s. m. resolution, agree- 
ment. Vn arriti de compte, an account 
agreed upon. 

ARRiTE-BOEUF, i-rit-bSuf,s. ni. rest-har- 
row, (an herb.) 

Arreter, i-ri-t^,v.a.tostop,detain,sta3', 
make to stand still, put a stop to ; lo fcisten, 
make fast, tie hard, keep up, stay ; suppress, 
hinder; to hire; to allay, alleviate, assuage 
{pain,) to conclude, make an end of, deter- 
mine, adjust; resolve, determine, design,de- 
cree, propose. Aireter un compte, to settle 
or balance an account. Arreter vn valet, to 
hire a servant. Aireter, to rest, to appoint, 
pitch upon (a daij,) to fix (tlie eyes.) to set 

Arreter, v. n. to stop, halt. 

S'arreter, v. r. to stop, stay, pause, rest, 
stand still. To stand trifling, be idle, loiter, 
tarry, stay. To settle {somewliere.) To for- 
bear, refrain ; give o\'er. To stand, keep 
to, pitch upon ; (a quelque chose,) to mind a 
thing, stand upon it, slick to it, insist upon it. 
Jl s'arrete, he is out or at a stand, his me- 
mory fails him, he hesitates. 

Arr^tiste, s. m. compiler of decrees. 
ARRHEMEN'r,s.m.the giving earnest money. 
ARRHER,i-ra, V. a. to give earnest money, 
lo secure a purchase. 

Arrhes, kr, s. f. pi. earnest or 
money. Earnest, pledge. 

AiiRiERE, a-r?^r, adv. away,avaunt. Ar- 
riire de moi, be gone from me. Arriere <a 
raillerie,]el us have no joking. En arriere, 
backwanl. Eire en arriere, lo be behind hand, 
to be in arrears. En arrih-e de quelqu'tm, 
behind one's back, unknown to one. (7b* 
parte loute arriere, a door wide opeu. 




bise. b5t : j^iine, m§ute, beurre : ^nfiwt, dm, li^ ; vin : mow ; brura. 

Arriere,s. m. Mar. stern, after part, aft. 
En arriere, de i'arriere, sur I'arri^re, abait, 
aft. De I'avarO. k I'arriir'. fore and aft. En 
Krrikre du vaisseau, astern of the ship. Le vent 
est droit de Uai-rikre, the wind is rignt aft. Le 
mcU. de ndsaine est incline en arriere, the forC' 
mast hangs aft. En arriere du grand mat 
abaft the main mast. De I'arriere des bUtes 
Jusqu'h la. Sainte-Barbe, from abcift the bitts to 
the gim-room. Avoir vent arriere, to go before 
the wind. Faire vent anitre, to put before the 
wind. ,Arriver vent arriere, to bear up, bear 
away, bear away right befor-e the wind. Le 
cutter n'est pas assez sur Uarriere, the cutter is 
not enough by the stern. // ncais favt passer 
de I'arriire de ce brfdot, we must go under that 
fire-ship's stern. Le navire est il de I'arriere 
de voire point? is the ship a-stern of your 
reckoning 1 Ces batimens sent restes de I'ar- 
riere, those ships have dropped a-stem. 

ARRiiRE, E, adj. in arrears, behind 

ARRiiRE-BAN, s. m. assembly of free- 

ARRii:RE-BouTiQCE, s. f. back-shop. 

Arriere-change, s. m. interest upon in- 

ARRiiRE-coRPs,s.m.tliat part of a build- 
ing which projects the least. 

ARRiiRE-couR, s. f. back-yard. 

Arriere-faix, s. m. after-birth. 

Arriere-fermier, s. m. undcr-farmer, 

Arriere-fief, s. m. mesne fee or mesne 

ARRiiRE-GARDE, s. f. rear of an army or 
of a squadron of men of war. Conduire, me- 
tier, commander, I'ari'iire-garde, to bring up 
tlie rear. 

ARRiiRE-GODT, s. m. aftcr-taste. 

Arrierk-main, s. m. back of the hand ; 
back stroke. 

Arriere neveu,s. m. son or descendant 
of a nephew. 

Arriere-pensee, s. f. after-thought, se- 
cret end or view. 

ARRiERE-PETiT-FiLS, s. m. great grand- 

ARRiiRE-PETiT-FiLLE, s. f. great grand- 

ARRiiRE-POiNT, s. m. stitchin^ upon the 
wristband of shirt sleeves, back stitch. 

Arriere-pointeuse, s. f. woman that 
•titches wrist-bands. 

ARRiiRE-SAisoN, s. f. autumn, latter end 
of autumn. Old age. 

Arriere-vassal, s. m. under-tenant. 

Arrierer, i-riS-ri, v. a. to throw behind 
nand. Ceproces m'afort arriere, this law- 
suit has thrown me greatly behind hand. S'ar- 
rierer, to be in arrears, to stay behind. 

Arrimage, a-rf-mij, s. m. Mar. stowage, 
tiie stowage of a vessel's cargo, or whatever is 
contained in her hold. Nous avons acheve 
TWtre arriniage,vfe have completed our hold. 
Faire I'arrimage, to trim the hold. V. Piece. 

Arrimer, ?t-r?-m^, v. a. Mar. to stow. 
Arrimer la cole, to stow in the hold. 

Arrimeur, s. m. stower {of cargoes,) 

Arriser, v. a. Mar. to lower, bring down 
'speaking of the yard.) 

A&ritage, s. m. Mar. arrival. 

ARRiyf F., 5-ri-v^, s. f. arrival. Arriv^, 
Mar. movement of bearing away, also, of 
fallin" off when lying to ; Jairt une arriv^e, to 
fall off. Ce vaisseau fait son arriv^e. That 
siiip is falling off. 

Arri VER, d-ri-va, v. n. to arrive, come to, V 
get into ; to arrive at, compass ; to come un- 
lookcd for, come upon; to happen, befall, 
come to pass, fall out. S'il arrive que vous 
ayez besom de tnoi, if you chance to want me. 
Arriver, Mar. to bear away, bear up, bear 
down, arrive, etc. Le general a arrival de trois 
quarts, the Admiral has bore up three poi..ts. 
Arrive, keep her away. Laisse arriver d'un 
quart, keep her away a point. Nous arri- 
vdines sur laruntgarde ennemie, we bore down 
upon the enemy's van. Arriver tout jnot, to 
bear round up. Arrive lout, hard a-weather. 
Sans arriver, nothing off. La flotte des 
Grandes Indes est, the East-India fleet 
is arrived. V. Arriere. 

Arroche, s. f orache, a pot herb. 

Arrogamment, ir-rft-gi-m^n, adv. arro- 
gantly, presumptuously, proudly, haughtily. 

Arrogance, ir-r6-g4ns, s. f. arrogance, 
pride, haughtiness, presumption. 

Arrogant, e, ir-rd-gin, g<int, adj. arro- 
gant, proud, haughty, presumptuous. 

Arroger,(s') sir-rd-ii, v. r. to arrogate, 
claim, challenge or attribute to one's self, 
take upon one's self. 

*Arroi, s. m. retinue, train, equipage. 

Arrondi, e, adj. rounded, made round ; 
pSriode arrondie, period well turned. 

ARRONDiR,5,-ron-d?r,v. a. to round, maku 
round. Arrondir une pt'riode or une stance, 
to give a period or stanza a good turn. Ar- 
rondir un clieval, to break a horse, ride him 
round a ring. Arrondir (in painting,) to re- 
lieve, ^ive a relief to. Arrondir, Mar. Ex. 
Arrondir un cap, to weather a cape, sail 
round a cape. 

Arrondissement, 5-ron-dls-m?n, s. m. 
rounding or making round, roundness. 

ARROsf, E, acy. watered, wet, bathed, 

Arrosement, ?L-r6z-m§7i, s. m. watering, 
soaking, sprinkling. 

ARROSER,cL-rd-zi, v. a. to water, sprinkle, 
soak, bathe. Arroser du rati, to baste meat 
that is roasting. 

Arrosoir, i-rS-zwir, s. m. watering-pot. 

Arrdgie, s. f. canal (in mines) to convey 
off the water. 

Ars or Arts, s. m. veins of a horse where 
they are usually blooded. 
Arsenal, ilrs-iAl, s. m. arsenal ; dock-yard. 
Arsenic, 5rs-n?, s. m. arsenick, crpiment 
or orpine. 

Arsenical, e, Irs-n!-k3ll, adj. arsenicaJ. 

Art, cir, s. m. art, science, skill, address, 
craft, cunning. Maitre des Arts, Master of 

Artere. ?ir-l^r, s. f. an artery. 

Art^fiel, le, 5r-t?-r??l, adj. arterial. 

Artj^riolggie, s. f arteriology, treatise 
or discourse on the arteries. 

ArtIriotomie, s. f. arteriotomy. 

Arthritique, adj. arthritick, gouty. 

Artichaut, ^r-t?-sh<\, s. m. artichoke. 

Article, Sr-tikI, s. m. articulation, knuc- 
kle, joint; article, head, claiise. Les articles 
de la foi Ckrdtienne, the articles of the 




bir, biit, base : Ui^re, Sbb, over . field, fig : rAbe, rdb, I6rd : mOod, g5od. 

CJhrisdan faith. L'aiiicle de la mori, the point 
of death ; article (a term of CTammar.) 

Articulaire, ar-ti-M-lfer, adj. articular. 
Maladie articulaire, articular disease, gout, ar- 

Akticulation, ar-t?-H-la-sTora, s. f. arti- 
culation or joining of bones. Articulation de 
la vcix, articulate or distinct pronunciation. 

Articulation de /aits, enumeration, deduc- 
tion of facts. ^ 

Ahticule, e. adj. articulated ; set down 
in articles or heads ; articulate, distinct. 

A KTicuLER, &r-t?-^a-Ii, V. a. set down arti- 
cle by article : to articulate ; pronounce, cir- 
cumstantiate. Sarticuler, v. r. to joint. 

Artifice, ir-t?-f?s, s. m. art, industry, 
skill, workmanship ; artifice, cunning, craft, 
deceit, device. 

Artificiel, le, ir-t?-ff-c!^l, adj. artificial, 
artful, done by art. Sp/j^re ariificieUe, Eumil- 

Artificiellement, Kr-il-fi-sl^l-mht, 
adv. artificially, artfully, by art. 

ARTiFiciER,ir-tI-fl-s?i, Si. m. maker of 

Artificieusement, &r-t]-f?-sf^z-m?7j, 
adv. cunningly, craftily, artfully. 

Artificieu-x, se, ?ir-ti-ft-s?^u, s?^uz, adj. 
conning, subtle, crafty, artfiil, inveighing. 

ARTiLLi, E, adj. ftirnished. 

Artillerie, ar-t?/-ri, s. f. artillery, ord- 
nance, guns, train of artillery. Bureau de 
Cartillene, ordnance-office. L'artillerie de 
notre b&timent est trap foible, our ship should 
have heavier metal. 

Artilleur, ^r-tl-/?ur, or *Artillier, 
s. ni. matross. 

Artimon, Sr-t?-mow, s. m. niizen mast. 

Artisah, ir-t?-z^, s. m. artisan, trades- 
man, handicrafts-man, work-man; artificer, 
author, contriver. Artisane, s. f. female arti- 
ficer, contriver, etc. 

Artisok, 2ir-tl-zon, s. m. a small worm in 

Artison^, e, adj. worm-eaten. 

Artiste, ^r-tist, s, m. artist, artificer, in- 
genious workman. 

Artiste, adj. skilful, done in a curious 
and workman-like manner. 

Artistement, Sr-tJst-m^, adv. work- 
man-like, curiously, ingeniously, cunningly. 

ARUSPiCE,i-rfis-p1s, s. m. soothsayer, di- 

Artthme, s. m. weakness of the pulse. 

Arzel, adj. Clieval arzel, horse that has a 
»-hite spot on the hind foot of the right 

As, as, s. m. ace at dice or cards. 

AsARCM, s. m. {plant) assarabacca. 

Asbkste, s. m. asbestos, amianthus. 

AscARiDES,s.m. pi. ascarides, little worm. 

Ascendant, s. m. (iu astrology,) ascend- 
ant, influence, strong natural inclination, as- 
cendency, power, influence. 

Ascendant, k-^-Akn, adj. ascending, 

Ascension, i-s^-s?on, s. f. ascension ; as- 
cending or rising. Ascension or Jour de P As- 
cension, ascension-day. L'ascension des li- 
ijueurs, the rising of licjuors. 

AscENsioNEL, LE, a-s^n-slft-n?l, adj. Dif- 
Jerence ascensi^melle, difference between 
right and oI)lique ascension {in astronomy ) 

Ascete, s. m. & f. ascetick, anachorite, 
anchoret, rechise, hermit. 

Asc:£tere, s. in. monastery. 

AscfTiQCE, i-sa-tik, adj. ascetick. 

AsciENs, h-sVm, s. m. pi. having no shadow. 

AsciTE.s. f. ascites, sort ofdropsv. 

Asiatique, ^-zM-tTk, adj. Asiauck, east- 
ern ; as also verbose, diffuse, loose. 

Asile, a-zll, s. m. asylum, sanctuary, re- 
fuge, place of refuge, privileged place, sheher. 

AsiNE,&-z]n adj. lieteasine,he or she-ass. 

Aspalathe, s. m. Aspalathus, sort of 

Aspect, Ss-p^k, s. m. aspect, sight ; looks, 
countenance ; vista, prospect, aspect {of pla- 

AsPERGE, cis-p^r?, s. f. asparagus. 

Asperger, Is-p^r-ii, v. a. to sprinkle with 
holy water or blood. 

AsPERGEs, &s-p^-rfe, s. m. holy watei 
stick or sprinkler. 

AsPERiTE, &s-pa-r!-t^, s. f. asperity. 

Aspersion, is-p^r-sion, s. f. sprinkling. 

AsPERsoiR, s. m. holy water-sprinkler o» 

AsPHAi-TE, s. m. asphaltos. 

AsPiiALTiQUE,iis-fal-tlk, adj. asphaltick, 

AspHODELE, s. m. daffodil. 

AsPHYXiE, s. f. asphyxy, sudden suspension 
of the pulse, respiration and motion. 

Aspic, 2is-plk, s. m. asp or aspick; lanpie 
d'aspic, ill-tongued, foul mouthed, backbiting, 
slandering man or woman. Asjric, sort of la- 
vender, spikenard. 

AspiRAL,s. m. pendulum. 

Aspirant, e, &s-pl-r^, r^t, adi. a^iring. 
Unc H asjiirante, an aspirate H. Pompe asjd 
ranie, sue lion pump. 

Aspirant, e, s. m. & f. candidate, proba 
tioner, one that stands for an office or place 

Aspiration, &3-pJ-r&-s?on, s. f. respiration, 
breathing ; fervent desire, longing alter ; pi- 
ous ejaculation ; aspiration. 

AspiRER, ks-pi-rk, v. a. to fetch or to draw 
breath. Aspirer I'H, to aspirate the H, to pro- 
nounce it with an aspiration. Aspirer a. to as- 
pire at, covet, desire, ambitiously seek, aim at. 

AssA, s.f.sort of gum or resin. Assa-dutcis, 
benzoin. Assa-fcetida, asa foetida. 

AssABi.ER, ft-si-b!a, V. a. to fillorchoke 
up with sand. S'assabkr. v. r. Mar. to run 
aground, stick in the sand. V. Etisabler. 

Assaillant, ?i-s^-/^, s. m. assailant, ag- 
gressor ; also challenger at tilting. 

AsSAiLLiR,a-si-/?r, V. a. to assauh, assail, 
attack, set upon. Nous fumes assaillis d'un 
coup de vent a I'entree de la Manche, we were 
caught in a gale of wind in the chops of the 

AssAiNiR, V. a. to make wholesome. 

AssAisoNN^,!, adj. seasoned. 

Assaisonnemznt, h.-sh-zim-min, s, 

AssAisoNNER, V. a. to season. 
AssAisoNNEUR, 5-s^-zft-n^ur, s. in 

Assassin, s. m. assassin. 

Assassin, E,&-si-siw, sin, adj. killing, mtir 
dering; des uetix assassins. kUhng eyes. 

AssASsiNAT, il-sA-s?-nJl, s. m. assassination 

AssASSiNER,li-s?l-s1-n^, V. a. to assassinate 
murder ; to kill, sire, truuble, plague. 

AssATiow, s. f. assaticB, roastme;. 




bisc,bfil: jfeune, mSute, blurre : ^ufhnl, chiX, lihn: vin; mon: brun. 

AssAUT, 4-s6, s. m. assault, aUack, onset, 
storm. Etnporler uiie ville d'assaul, to carry 
a town by storm. Dormer Cassaut a uiie 
place, to storm a place. Faire assatit contre 
quei'/u'im, to fence with one. Assaut, brunt, 
effort, sliocL Faire assaut d'espril, to make 
a trial of wit. 

AssicHER, V. a. to dry up. Ass^clier, v. 
n. Mar. to appear to be dry. Ce roclier assklie 
a la basse rmr, that^rock is dry at low water. 

Assemblage, a-s^w-bliz, s. m. joining-, 
seltiug together, union, conjunction^ collec- 
tion, heap. Assemblage, Mar. rabbit, scarf, 
Bcore, tenanting, dc. Assemblage a queue 
iTaronde, swallow tail scarf. 

AssEMBLEE, s. f. assenjbly, congregation, 
meeting ; company ; ball, assembly ; rendez- 
vous, meeting of hunters ; the tattoo. Bai- 
tre I'assemblee, to beat the tattoo. 

Assembler, i-si7t-bla, v. a. to assemble, 
^t up, bring, draw, join together ; gather, 
•ay, or heap up ; (un parlemeid^ to call or as- 
semble a parliamenL To set lu or fit iu or 
together (wood work.) 

S' assembler, v. r. to assemble, meet, ga- 
ther, come or get together. Le parlemait s'est 
assemble, parliament is met. 

AssENER, is-ni, bien son coup, v. a. to hit 
the mark, take one's aim right, su-ike home. 
II lui assena un grand coup de poing sur la 
tite, he gave him a smart blow on the head 
with his list. 

AssENTiMENT, s. m. asseuL 

AssENTiR, (a) V. n. to assent to. 

AssEoiR, a-swar, v. a. to sit, sit down, set- 
tle, place, put, lay; (les tallies) to assess the 
land taxes ; (son camp) to pitch a camp, pitch 
teuls, encamp ; {son jugaiieiU.) to fix, settle 
07- ground (one's judgment.) 

S'asseoir, v. r. to sit down. Asseyez-vous, 
sit down, sit you down. S'asseoir sur une 
branclie, to settle or perch on a branch. 

AssERME.NTER, V. a. to tender cui oath. 

AssERTEU R, s. m. assertor, defender ,main- 
tainer, protector, rescuer. 

Assertion, i-sSr-iion, s. f. assertion, pro- 

AssERVi, E, adj. subjected, etc. 

AssERViR, i-sJr-vJr, v. a. (regularly con- 
jugated) to subject, enslave, bring under sub- 
jection, or into lx)nda§e, to overcome, master 
or conquer (one's passions.) 

AssESSEUR, S,-8^-seur, s. m- an assessor, 
judge lateral. 

AssEZ, k-sk, adv. enough, enow, sufficient- 
ly, abundantly. Asset lien, well enough, 
pretty well, indiflerently. On ne pent avoir 
assez de soiii de son salut, a man caanot be 
too careful al>out bis salvation. 

Assinu, E, i-s?-d6, du, assiduous, diligent, 
close at business, constant; continual, fre- 

AssiDUiTE, s. C assiduity, diligence, con- 
tinual care or attendance, coustant applica- 

AssiDUMENT, ?i-sl-dft-m^n. adv. assidu- 
ously, constantly, diligently, continually. 

Assieg£, e, S.-s!a-ia, adj. besieged ; hence 
ks assUges, the besieged. 

Ass EGEAKT, E, i-sia-i^rt, zhit, adj. that 
besieges, besieger. L'armSe assiegeante, the 
army of the besiegers. Les assiegeans, s m. 
fl. wc botiegcrs. 

AssiEGER, i-sia-ia, v. a. to besiege, laj 
siege to; encompass, compass about, sur- 
round, beset, stand or be about. 

AssiENTE, k-sieni, or AssierUo, s. m. As- 
siento, contract to furnish slaves. 

AssiENTisTE, s. m. One who has a share 
in the Assiento. 

AssiETTE, i-sf^t, s. f. seat, site, situation •, 
sitting posture ; state of the mind, temper or 
condition one's mind is in, assessment (o/ a 
fcw;) fund, assignment; a plate. Assiette a 
moiicliettes, snunier-pan. Assiette d'uii bdli- 
nieitt, Mar. trim of a ship. 

ASSIETTEE, ^-Sl3-ti, S. f platC-full. 

Assignable, adj. that can be assigned. 

AssicNAT, s. m. assignment ; assignat. 

Assignation, i-si-gua-sio«, s. f. assign- 
ment ; summons, subpoena, citation. Assig- 
nation, rendezvous, appointment. 

Assignee, S-s?-gna, v. a. to assign, ap- 
point, settle, ascertain; to summon, subpoe- 
na, warn, cite (to appear.)^ 

Assimilation, &.-si-mMa-s!on, s. f. assi- 

Assis, E,^ adj. sitting, seated. 

Assise, a-slz. s. f course or lay of stones 
or bricks in building. 

Assises, i-slz, s. f. pi. assizes. Les juge* 
qui tiennail les assises, the judges of the cir- 

Assistance, ?i-sls-tins, s. f. presence, b«- 
ing in a place ; assistance, aid, help, succour; 
assembly, audience, company, congregation, 
by-stauders ; council of Assistants. 

Assistant, a-s?s-tcM, s. m. by-stander, au- 
ditor, assistant, heli)er. 

Assistante, i-sls-t^, s. f. a nun tliat as- 
sists the abbess in anunnerj". 

AssisTEU, i-sis-t^, V. n. to be present, 
stand by. 

Assister, v. a. to assist, help, succour, re- 
lieve, take care, attend.^ 

Association, ii-s5-sia-s!o«, s. f. associa- 
tion, socie^ty, fellowship, partnership. 

AssociE, E, adj. associated, etc. 

AssociE, e, k-sd-dk, s. in. & f. partner, 

AssociER, i-s5-s!-a, v. a. to associate, 
bring into a partnership, make a partner, ad- 
mit or join to a compnuy. S'associer avec, v. 
r. to associate one's self'^or enter into partner- 
ship with, join with, keep company with. 

AssoMMER, i-sd-ma, v. a. to knock down, 
kill; to maul; beat soundly ; to over-whelm, 
grieve, oppress or bear down. 

AssoMMOiR, s. ra. a small stick baited and 
placed under a stone to kill rats, etc. 

AssoMPTioN, i-sonp-sion, s. f minor of a 
syllogism. Assumption (0/ the Virgin Ma- 

Assonance, <l-sfl-n^«s, s. f. assonance. 

Assonant, e, adj. assonant, chiming. 

AssORTi. E, adj. furnished, stocked ; port- 
ed, matched. Its out des casuistes assortis li 
toutes sortes de personnes, they have casuisU 
for all sorts of persons. 

AssoRTiMENT, l-sAr-tl-mSn, i. m. assort- 
ment, suit, set ; sorting or matching things to< 
gether. Assortment, stock. 

AssoRTiR, &-s3r-tir, V. &. {regularly con- 
jugated,) to furnish, stock, store; to sort of 
match. Assortir, v. n. to suit or sort with, 



bir, hh, base : th^re, ^bb, ovir : field, fig' : r6be, rdb, ISrd : m6od, gflod. 

AssoRTissANT,E,adj. that matches or suits. 

AssoT^, E, adj. extremelj' fond, doting. 

AssoTER, V. a. to assot, infatuate. 

Assoupi, E, adj. dull, heavj', drowsy, 
sleepy, suppressed, stifled, over, at an end ; 
mitigated, etc. 

AssoupiR, k-sio-pir, V. a. to lull asleep, 
maKe dull, heavy, drowsy or sleepy ; to sup- 
press, stifle ; quiet ; mitigate {pain.) S'as- 
soupir, V. r. to fall asleep, grow dull, heavy, 
drowsy or sleepy. 

AssoupissANT, E, adj. soporiferous, that 
causes sleep. 

AssoupissEMENT, ^-s5o-p?s-m6n, s. m. 
heaviness, drowsiness, sleepiness, dead sleep ; 
wpineness, carelessness, negligence, sloth. 

AssouPLiR, i-sflo-pl?r, MM c/i£iW, V. a. to 
make a horse supple or tame. 

AssouRDiR, lL-s5or-dlr, v. a. to deafen. 
make deaf. S'assourdir^ v. r. to gi-ow deaf. 

AssouviR, ?i-s6o-vir, v. a. to satisfy, glut, 
satiate (appetite or passion.) S'assouyir, to 
glut one's se'f, etc. to be glutted or satisfied. 

AssouvissEMENT, ^-sdo-vls-mSn, s. m. a 
satisfying, glutting or satiating. 

Assu JETTiR, i-sft-iS-tir, V. a. to subdue, 
overcome, bring under, subject, make subject, 
bring into subjection, make liable ; to master, 
conquer, keep under ; to restrict, tie down, 
oblige ; to make fast and steady. S'assiijetHr, 
V. r. to captivate, confine, subject, submit or 
tie one's self; yield. 

ASSUJETTISSANT, E, i-sft-Z^-tl-si/l, sint, 

adj. slavish. 

AssujETTissEMENT, ?i-sft-z§-tJs-m^n, s, 
m. subjection, slavery, coastraint. 

Assurance, ^-sft-r^s, s. f. assurance, cer- 
tainty; trust, confidence; surety, security, 
pledge ; assurance, boldness, confidence ; in- 
surance ; security, safety, quietness. Lieu 
d'assurance, safe place, place out of danger or 
out of harm's way. Vivre en assurance, to 
live securely. 

Assure, e, adj. sure, certain, infallible; 
trusty ; safe, secure ; bold, confident ; assur- 
ed. V. Assurer. 

AssuREMENT, k-sii-rk-mhi, adv. surely, 
assuredly, certainly, sure enough. 

Assurer, St-sfl-ra, v. a. to assure, affirm, 
assert, aver. Assurez-k de mes i-espects, pre- 
sent my respects to him. Assurer quel(ju'un 
d'une chose, to warrant, assure, promise (a 
thing.) Assurer, to secure, make sure ; to 
insure. Assurer un mat (m-ec des ■pataras or 
fcaix haubans) to swift a mast ; to embol- 
den, encourage, inspire with confidence or 
Sourage ; to prop, bear up. Assurer un vase, 
to set up a vessel carefully. 

S'assurer, v. r. to assure one's self, hope, 
be sure, confident or persuaded. S'assui-er 
en, to trust in, to rely or depend upon. S'as- 
tttrer de quel/fu'un, to make sure of one, se- 
cure or Kispeak him. To secure one by ar- 
resting or imprisoning him. 

AssuREUR, i-sfl-r^ur, s. m. insurer, un- 

AssYRiEN, NE, adj. & s. m. &f Assyrian. 

AsTERiSME, s. m. asterism, constellation. 

AstIrisque, ?LS-t^-rJsk, s. m. asterisk. 

AsTHMATiquE, Ss-mi-t1k, adj. asthma- 
tick,troubled with a short breath ,short-winded . 

AsTHMS, &sm, s. m. asthma, shortness of 

AsTicoTER, v. a. to contradict, torment, 

AsTRAGALE, cis-trS-g^l, s. m. astragal. 

Astral, e, Ss-trll, astral. 

AsTRE, Islr, s. m. star. Astre de la nuit, 
planet of the night, moon. Astre du jour, 
sun, planet of the day. 

AsTREE, lis-tra, s'. fAstrea (the goddess 
of justice.) 

AsTREiNDRE, ^s-triwdr, V. a. {Yike/eindre, 
cdteindre;) to tie up, subject; to biud (the 
body ;) restrict. 

AsTREiNT, E, adj^tied up, subjected, etc. 

Astringent, e, k&-ir\n-zhn,zhn\., adj. as- 
tringent, astriclive, binding, costive. 

AsTRiNGENS, s. m. pi. astringents, bind- 
ing or costive medicines. 

Astrolabe, &s-tr6-lib, s. m. astrolabe, 

AsTROLOGiE, ns-trft-lft-zl, s. f. astrology. 

Astrologique, ^s-tr6-l3-jik, adj. astro- 

AsTROLOGiQUEMENT, Is-trfl-lfl-iik-m6n, 
adv. astrologically. 

AsTROLOGUE, "&s-tr6-l3g, s. m. astrologer. 

AsTRONOME, as-trd-n6m, s.m. astromomer. 

AsTRONOMiE, is-tr5-nd-mi, s. f. astronomy. 

AsTRONOMiQUE, adj. astronomical. 


adv. astronomically. 

AsTUCE, as-tus, s. f. craft, cunning, wile. 
Parastuce, adv. craftily, by craft. 

AsTUCiEU-x,SE,adj. cunning, artful, subtle. 

Asymptote, adi. asymptote. 

Atabale, ^-ti-bil, s. m. atabal, moorish 
drum, kettle drum. 

Ataraxie, s. f ataraxy. 

Ataxie, s. f. ataxj'. 

Atelier, it-lla, s. m. shop or workshop, 
men, workmen, people (any number of men 
employed by the same master in one work- 
shop.) L'alelier des charpentiers, the carpen- 
ter's shop ; Vatelier des forgerons, the smith's 
shop ; I'atelier de irreement, the rigging loft ; 
Vatelier des menuisiers, the joiner's shop ; Vate-- 
Her de la peinture or des peintres, the painter's 

Atellanes, s. f pi. kind of satirical en- 
tertainment among the Romans. 

Atermoiement, s.m. agreement or com- 
position between the debtor and the creditor for 
the payment of a sum at certain times; delay. 

Atermoyer, v. a. to put ofr,delay the pay- 
ment of S'ctia-moyer avec ses creanciers, 
v. r. to compouni or agree with one's credi- 
tors for the payment of a debt at certain tinics. 

Athanor,s. m. athanor. 

Athee, k-\h, adj. atheistical. Sentimettt 
a</i/e, atheistical opinion. 

Ath^ E, s. m. & f atheist. 

Atheisme, i-t?-Jsm, s. m. atheism. 

ATHiROME. s. m. atheroma, sort of wen. 

Athlante, s. m. Atlas. Des athlxaUes et 
des cariatides, statues of men and women, 
put instead of pillars. 

ATHLiTE,St-l^t, s. m. champion, wrestler, 
strong lusty-fellow. D'athlete, athletick, ath- 

Athletique, i-tlS-t?k, adj. athletick, alh- 
letical ; s. f wrestling. 

ATHLOTHiTE, s. m. president over th« 
athletick exercises. 

Atinter, v, a. to trim or dress, set off 




bise, bflt : j^Ane, mSute, blurre : ^nfknt., chtl, Vihn : viw ; mon ; brun 

Atlante, V. AthUnte. 

ATLANTiQUE,adj. Atlantick. LaimrAt- 
lardiqiu, the Western Ocean, the Atlantick. 

Atlas, s. m. collection of maps, Atlas; 
Atlas, first vertebreoftheback. 

ATMOSPHiRE,it-mfls-fir, atmosphere. 

Atome, i-t<Sm, s. m. atom. 

Atomiste, s. m. atomist. 

Atonie, s. f. atony, debility. 

Atour, i-lSor, s. m. {of women) attire, 
dress, rigginj;. Danie d'atour, tire-woma:i 
(to a queen or princess.) 

Atourner, v. a. to attire, dress, rig out, 

Atout, a-t3o, s. m. trump (at cards) _/aiVe 
atout, to play trumps, trump about. 

Atribilairz, \-iA-\ii-\hr, adj. s. m. & f. 
alrabilanan, atrabilarious. spleiietick. 

Atrabile, a-tri-i)ll, s. f. black choler. 

Atre, kit, s. m. fireplace, hearth. 

Atroce, a-trfis, adj. heinous, grievous, 
odious, outrageous, atrocious. 

Atroceme.vt, adv. heinously, grievously. 

Atrocite, 5,-lr5-si-ti, s, f. atrocity, lieia- 
ousness, giievousness, odiousness, enormity. 

Atrophie, s. f. atrophy, consumption. 

Attabler, (s') si-ti-bl^, v. r. to sit down 
at table, to take one's place at table. 

Attachant, e, i-ti-sh^n, shi?tt, adj. en- 
dearing, engagiii", alTecting. 

Attache, ^-tash, s. f. struig, band, tie, af- 
fection, inclination. Faire quelqiie cliose arec 
atlaclie, to do a thing eagerly or with eager- 
ness. II a plus d'atlache an del qu'u la terre, 
his mind is more bent upon heaven than upon 
earth. Lerrier d'attaclie, great grey hound, 
Irish grey hound. 

Attache, e, adj. tied, bound, fastened, 
etc. V. Attacher. AttacliA a itm opinion, wed- 
ded to an opinion. AltacM h smi sens, obsti- 
nate, stiff in his opinion. AttacM a ses int^rets 
or a son projit, selfish, minding nothing but his 
own interest. 

Attachement, i-tish-m?n, s. jn. attach- 
ment, tie, affection, inclination, love, passion ; 
constant attendance or application, adhesion ; 
amour, intrigue, inclination. 

Attacher, a-ta-sha, v. a. to tie, bind, 
fasten or make fast ; {avec un clou) to nail ; 
(encroir) to nail or hang (on a cross;) {avec 
tin bcniiori) to button ; {avecuneepingle) to pin. 
Mon bonlieitr est allachi au voire, my happiness 
depends upon yours. Le ciel a attucli^ mon 
bonheiir a voire vie, Heaven has wrapped up 
my happiness in your life. C'est un vice at- 
'ccM a cet Ai/e, it is a vice inseparable from 
that age. Attacher le miueiir {le metire en etai 
de travail'.er a courert,) to set on the miliar. 
Attacher, to lie, oblige, engage or end^n*. 
Aitaclier son esprit a quehjiie chose, to apply 
one's mind to a thing, to mind it. 

S'atlaclier, v. r. to take hold, cling, keep 
close, cleave, stick or stick fast ; (h qiielqu'un, 
atiprks de qitelqu'un) to stick or adhere or de- 
vote one's self (to one ;) {a qiielqiie chose) to 
five or apply one's mind to a thing, mind it, 
e intent upo/i it. S'attacher ci ses ojnnions, to 
stick to or be wedded to one's own opinion. 

Attaquable, adj. that may be attacked. 

Attaquant, e, a-ta,-kirt, adj. & s. ag- 
gressor, assiilant. 

Attaquk. ii-t^k, s. f. attack, assault, onset, 
•attempt, encounter, charge, brunt • insult, in- 

sulting words, reproach, abuse ; (d'une mala 
die) fit of a disease. 

ATTAQui, e, adj. attacked, etc. V. Atta 

Attaq,uer, \-\k-kk, v. a. to attack, charge 
or assault, to fall or set upon, encounter ; to 
urge, provoke or challenge, quarrel with. 
Aliaqiier la terre, JMar. to stand right in for the 

S'attaqiter a, v. r. to set upon, encounter, 
stand up against, challen"-e ; also, to meddle 
with, to try mastery with, blame, find fault 

Atteindre, a-tindr, v. n. like feindre at 
diidre ; to reach, come to. Atteindre a ( par' 
vetdr a,) to attain to or attain, compass, ob- 
tain, reach, come at. Alteindre, v. n. to reach, 
hit, strike, touch ;^ to overtake. 

Atteint, e, a-ii«, tint, adj. hit, struck, 
etc. V. Atteindre {d'une maladie,) afflicted or 
troubled or infected with a disease, {de crime) 
charged with or arraigned for a crime. 

Attei.vte, s. f. blow, stroke. 11 reqid une 
rude atteinte au bras, he received a violent blow 
on the arm. Atteinte d'une Tualadie, fit of a 
disease. Courir a une attdnte, donner une at- 
tdnte a la bariie, to hit the ring, llaeu deiuv 
attdiUes dt undeda?is, he has hit the ring twice 
and got it once. Atteinte, blow a horse gives 
himself by striking his fore feet with his hind 
feet. Donner atteinte or des atteintes a mu 
clwse qu'on jtoursuit, to go near getting what 
one pursues. Donner atteinte a quelque chose, 
to strike at or prejudice a thin^. Donner des 
attdntes, to set upon, tease. Je lui donnerai 
qiielques attdides pour lui tirer Ics vers du nez, 
1 shall endeavour, by some means or other, to 
pump it out of him." Je suis liors de ses at- 
teintes, I am out of his reach, he can do me 
j no harm. L« atteintes du froid et du'clmud, 
the approaches of cold and heat. 

Attelage, ^t-lai, s. m. set of horses or 
other beasts (to draw a coach, cart, efc.) 

Attei.e, e, adj. put to or into a coach or 
cart (sijeakingof beasts.) Le carrosse est-il 
attde I is the coach ready ? Vn carrosse atteld 
de six clievaux, a coach drawn by six 

Atteler, ^t-la, V. a. to put horses, oxen, 
etc. to a coach or cart, etc. Aiteler le carrosse, 
to put horses to the coach. Aiteler le chariot, 
to put the horses or oxen to the cart. 

Attei.ier, V.^^/e/i"«r. 

Attelle, a-tSl, s. f. splint ; also hawm of 
a draught horse ; a potter's tool. 

Atteloire, at-lwar, s. f. peg or pin to 
fasten the draught of horses. 

Atte.vant, e, at-ni«, n^t, adj. adjoining, 
next, contiguous, near. 

Attendant, e, a-t^w-d^n, adj. that waits 
or stays for, expecting. 

En attendant, adv. in the mean time, in the 
interim. Promenez-vous en attendant, walk in 
the mean time. En attendant qu'il viemie, till 
he comes, against he comes. 

Attendre, h.-tkndr, v. a. to expect, be ia 
expectation of, wait, stay or look for; to ex- 
pect, hope. Atiendre, v. n. to staj', tarry, 
wait or he in expectation. Atiendre a /aire 
une chose jusqu'a ce que, to put off doing a thing 
till. Aiiendez, hold, stay. Aitendre aprh, 
to stay or wait for. Se faire atiendre, to make 
people stay for one's coming. S'atiendn, 



bir b^t, bise : th^re, ^bb, 




r6be, r&b, Idrd : mAod 


V. r. {I'un I'tatire) to tarry or wait for (one 
another.) S'attendre a, to rely, depend 
upon. S'attendre a, to expect, wait or hope 

Attendrir, h-vht-drir, v. a. to make len- 
der (meat, etc.) also to soften, move to pity 
or compassion, nicll down, affect. S'altendrir, 
V. r. to grow tender ; also to be moved to pity 
or compassion, melt, relent. 

Attendrissant, e, adj. meving to pity 
or love, softening-, melting. 

ATT£NDRissEMENT,^-l^n-dris-mera, s. m. 
rtkenting, compassion, pity, commiseration. 

Attendu, e, adj. expected, waited for, 
«fc. V. AUendre. Attendu que, seeing or 
a'.nce, forasmuch as, whereas. 

Attentat, K-\hi-\K, s. m. illegal enter- 
prise or attempt, outrage, encvjachment. 

Attentatoire, i-twi-t^-twar, adj. ille- 
gal, done in contempt of a jurisdiction. 

Attente, &-t^t, s. f. expectation, waiting; 
hope, trust, confidence. Pie -re d'atteiUe, a 
toothing stone that sticks out of a wall for 
new building to be joined to it. Table 
d'attetite, clotn on the strainer (for a pairU- 

ATTENTER,^-t^/i-tS,v.n. & a. to attempt, 
make an illegal attempt. 
_ Attenti-f, ve, a-t^-t?f, tlv, adj. atten- 
tive, heedful, mindful, intent or bent upon, 

Attention, l-t^-slow, s. f. attention, ap- 
plication, diligence, heedfulness, mindfulness, 
care, carefulness. Faire attention, to mind, 
heed, consider, reflect upon, be intent upon. 
Regarder arec atlention, to look fixedly, gaze 
upon. Atlention, tigard (both generally in the 
plural) regard, respect. Aliention a la barre. 
Mar. mind your helm. 

Attentivkment, S-t?n-tlv-m?7«, adv. at- 
tentively, heedfully,^ carefully, diligently. 

Att^nuanTjE, a-t^-nft-^, or Att^nua- 
Ti-F, VE, adj. attenuating, weakening, wast- 
ing, that makes thin. 

Attenuant, s. m. attenuating medicine. 
Attenuation, ^-ta-nfl-i-sW/, s. f. attenu- 
ation, weakening, lessening of strength, ex- 

Attenuer, i-t^-nft-^, V. a. to attenuate, 
'ke thin or lean, weaken, impair or waste 
.jie strength. Attenuer un crime, to extenuate 
a crime. 

Atterage, h-ii-Az, s. m. Mar. place a 
vessel may touch at. 

Atterrer, l-t^-r^, V, a. to throw or strike 
down ; to overthrow, cast down, destroy. 

Atterrir, i-tS-rir, v. n. Mar. to make 
the land. A la route que dent le Commandant, 
il \>a atterrir sur Ouessant, by the course the 
commodore is steering, he intends to make 

Atterrissement, i-t?-r?s-m§7i, s. m. al 
luvial land, alluvion. 

Attestation, ^-t5s-tS.-s?ow, s. f. certifi- 
cate. Attestation sous serm/ent, affidavit. 

Attester, J-t?s-t?i, V. a to attest, assure, 
certify, aver, witness, avouch, affirm ; to call 
or take to witness. 

Atticisms, &-l?-s?sm, s. m. atticism, con- 
cise and elegant style, wit. 

Atti£dir, 5.-tla-dIr, v. a. to cool. S^attii- 
Hr \. r, to cool, grow cool. 

Attieijissement, i-tS-dis-m^, s. m. 
cooling, lukewarmness. 

Attifer, i-ti-fl,v. a. to dress a woman's 
head. S'alti/er, v. r. to dress one's head. 

*Attifet, a-ti-f§, s. m. a woman's head 
gear, dress or attire. 

Attique, i-tik, adj. attick, after tlie Athe- 
nian way. Colonne aitique, attick pillar. Le 
sel attique, polite and genteel raillery, attick 

Attique, s. m. attick, an upper story (in 

ATTiQUKMENT,adv. after the attick manner. 
Attirail, ^-tl-ra/, s. m. train, implements, 
equipage, furniture, luggagCj baggage. 

Attirant, E,adj. atiracimg, enticing, al- 
luring, engaging. 

Attirer, ?i-t}-ra, v. a. to draw, attract ; 
to draw or bring ; to draw in, allure, whee- 
dle. Attirer le ccrur, to win the heart, gain 
the affections. Attirer quelqn'ttn a son senti- 
ment, to brin^ one over to one's opinion. Un 
malheur en auire un autre, one mischief draws 
in another or treads upon the beek of ano- 

S'attirer, v. r. to draw or bring upon one's 
self, incur, run into ; to gain, win, get. S'at- 
tirerune maladie, to catch a disease, to make 
one's self sick. 

Attiser, ^-tl-2^, V. a. to stirup (properly, 
to lay a brand near another, to make them 
burn the better.) Attiser lefeu, to add fuel to 
the fire, help a quarrel forward. 

Attiseur, s. m. one who stirs up, excites. 
Attitrer, i-ti-tra, v. a. to suborn, pro- 
cure by bribery ; to authorize, commission 
Attitude, i-tJ-tSd, s. f. attitude, posture. 
Attollon, s. m. knot or cluster of small 

ATT0UCHEMENT,^-t5osh-m&»,s.m. touch, 
touching, feeling. 

Attoucher, v. n. Ex. Attoucher de. pa- 
rente a quelqu'uji, to be related to one, be his 
relation or kinsman. 

Attracti-f, ve, ^-trik-tif, tlv, adj. at- 
tractive, that draws to or attracts. 

Attraction, ^-trak-slon, s. f. attraction, 
drawing to. 

Attractionnaire, s. m. stickler for the 
system of attraction. 

*Attraire, v. a. like traire, but seldom 
used except in the infin. and part, to entice, 
draw in, allure. 

*Attrait, e, adj. enticed, drawn in, al- 

,,^Attkait, ^-tr^, s. m. allurement, entice- 
vnat, charm, attraction. 

Attrape, a-trJp, s. f. gin, snare Attrape- 
mouche, s. m. gnat-snapper. Attra^es, s. f. 
pi. Mar. relieving tackle {used in liejving 
down a ship.) 

Attraper, i-tri-p&, v. a. to entrap, en- 
snare ; to catch, overtake; to hit, reach, 
strike; to catch, take, surprise; to catch, 
compass or get cunningly; to get; cheat, 
over-reach, trick ; to apprehend ; to hit, ex- 
press well. Attraper, Mar. to catch. Attra- 
per la brise, to catch the breeze. Attrape au 
garant de candelette, clap on the fish. 

Attrapeu-r, se, s. m. &. f. one who is 
upon the catch, deceiver. 
Attrap£TT£. s. f. little trick 




buse, bSt : j^iine, nvJute, beurre : hiiiun, c^nt, lien : \'m : more ; brun. 

ATTRAPOiRK,a-trft-pwar,s. f. trap, snare, 
piUall ; also wile, cunning, trick, bile. 

Attkayant, k, &-lr^-y^rt, y^nl, adj. at- 
Iractive, alluring, charming, engaging. 

Attrkmpkr, v. a. to temper {.said of 
iron :) oiseaii attrempe. h\rd neillier too fat nor 
too lean (said of hawks.) 

Attribuer, ^-tri-bS-a, v, a. to attribute, 
•ocribe, impute, father upon, grant. 

S'atlribiter, v. r. to assume, lake upon one's 
self, arrogate to one's self, challenge. 

Attribut, a-tri-bfi, s. m. ntlribule. 

Attributi-f, ve, a-tri-bS-tif, liv, adj. 
that atlribules {m law.) 

Attribution, a-id-bfi-s!o7t, s. f. grant, 
patent, charter. Lettres d'aitribution, pow- 
er granletl by a sovereign to give a final 
judgment without further appeal. 

Attristant-e, i-tris-tirt, ikiii, adj. sor- 
rowful, sad, grievous. 

Attrister, i-tr!s-t?i, v. a. to grieve, 
make sad or sorrowful, afflict, trouble. S'at- 
tiister, V. r. to grieve, be sad or afllicted, etc. 

Attrition, i-tri-siort, s. f. coulritiou, at- 

Attroupement, H-trftop-m&i, s. m. riot, 
riotous assembly, mob. 

Attrouper, a-trSo-pii, v. a. to assemble, 
gather or get togertier. S'ailrouper, v. r. to 
troop, flock or get together. 

Au, 6, masculine article. Vide A. 

AuBADE, 6-bid, s. f. morning music, such 
as is played at the dawn of day before one's 
door or under one's window ; check, repri- 
mand, reproof, lecta* e. II en a en i'aitbade, he 
was checked or reprimanded for it ; vouz aurez 
tantut Uaitbaik, you will have a lecture anon. 

AuBAiN, 6-bi7i, s. m. alien, foreigner set- 
tled in a country and not naturalized. 

AuBAiNAGE, s. m. escheatage. 

AuBAiNE,6-b^n, s. f. or droit d'aubaine, 
escheat, escheatage ; windfall. 

AuBE, bh, s. f. l)reak of day, day-break, 
day -peep, dawn, dawning of the day ; a sur- 
plice, alb. Aubes de maulin, ladles of the 
wheel of a water-mill. 

AuB^PiNE, 6b4-pln, s. f. white thorn, 

AubAre, 6-b^r, adj. Cheval aubkre, flea- 
bitten, grey, or dapple grey horse, white 
horse sj)ottcd with sorrel and bay spots. 

AuBERGE, 3-b^ri, s. f. kind of inn.eatin"-- 
house, ordinary, chop-house. Sort of peacTi. 
V. Albers^e. 

AuBERGisTE, 8-bSr-t!st, s. m. & f. inn- 
keeper, one that keeps an ealing-house or 

AuBiER, A-bJa, s. m. white hazel-tree. ' 

AuBiER or AUBOUR, soft and whitish su^ 
Jtance which lies between the bark and the 
solid wood of a tree, sap in timber. 

AuBiFoiN, 6-bI-fwiw, s. m. ihe weed blue- 
bottle, blue-blow, corn-flower or hurt-sickle. 

AuBiN,6-bin,s. m. cajiter, (the going of a 
horse betwixt the amble and the gallop;) 
white of an e^g. 

AuBouR, V. Aubier. 

AucuN-E,ft-A:un-kftn, adj. no, none, no one, 
not any. // «'(/ a aitctin moyen de faire cela, 
there is no way of doing it. Vous ne troiive- 
rez aurnn hovime qui vmille rous cmUioTi' 
fUr,you will find no man that will bail you. 
Je n aime aucum de ces femmes, I love none 

n of these women. Aucun, s. some, some one. 
any one. 

AucuNEMENT, A-i-3n-mS?t adv. notatall, 
in no wise, not in the least. 

AuDACE, 6-das, s. f. audacitj, audacious- 
ness, boldness, coiuidence, daringness, assu- 
rance, presumption ; loop for a hat. 

AuDACiEUSEMENT, 6-da-s!-eiIiz-m^, adv. 
boldly, confidently, daringly, audaciously, 

A ui)AciEux-sE,6-d5.-s?-eii,eiiz, adj. auda- 
cious, bold, confident, daring, presumptuous 

Audience, 5-di^s, s. f. audience, hearing, 
hearing of a cause ; court o/- judges who hear 
causes ; court o;- hall where causes are tried ; 
audience, auditor3'. 

AoDiENciER, fi-dl^-sl&, s. m. Ex. Huis' 
sier audie7icier, usher or crier, that attends the 
court when causes are hearing. Grand au- 
diencier, one of the chief officers in the chan- 
cery of France, that examines all letters- 
patent, etc. before they pass the seal. 

AuuiTEUR, (S-di-t§ur, s. m. auditor, or 
hearer ; disciple or scholar (that comes to a 
lecture.) Auditeur des comptes, auditor of ac- 
counts. Auditeiirs du Chi'delet, petty judges 
that determine finally all personal causes 
that exceed not the value of 25 french livres. 
Auditeur (at Genera,) sheriff. Auditeur, se- 
cretary (to the nuncio.) Auditeur de rote. 
V. Kke. 

Aui)iTi-F, VE, adj. auditory. 

Audition, s. f. hearing, auditing. 

AuDiToiRE, 6-di-twir, s. m. court or hall 
of audience, sessions-house. Auililory, audi- 
ence, company of hearers. (Lieu oil les pro 
fesseurs font leurs lemons.) School, lecture 

AuGE, Ar, s. f. trough. 

AuGEE, 6-^a., s. f. trough-full. 

AuGET, A-:S, s. m. drawer of a bird-cage; 
spout of a mill-hopper. 

Augment, ig-mUm, s. m. Augment dedot, 
(in law) jointure or settlement; augment 
(in the Greek grammar.) 

AUGMENTATI-F, VE, Sg-miw-ti-tif, tlv, 

adj. ftugmentative, increasing.. 

Augmentation, d^-m^?-tft-s?on,s. f. aug- 
mentation, increase, improvement, enleirge 
ment, addition. 

Augment^, e, adj. augmented, etc. Un 
Hire aus^mente, a book with additions. 

AuGiMENTER,8g-m^n-ti, v. a. to augment, 
increase, improve, enlarge, amplify, add to, 
aggravate. Augnienter, v. n. or H'oaigmeTi^ 
ter, V. r. to increase, grow. 

Augural, E,d-g&-ril, adj. of or belong- 
ing to an augur. Baton augural, augur's staff 
or wand. 

AuGURE, S-^'ir, s. m. augury, omen, 
presage. De mauvais augure, ominous, ill- 
boding. Augure, augur, soothsayer, divi- 

AuGURER, 3-»^-r^, V. a. to augurate, con- 
jecture, surmise. 

AuGUSTE, 6-giisl, adj. august, sacred, 
venerable, majesiick, royal, imperial. 

AuGUSTEMENT, adv." Stately, venerably, 

AuGusTiN, 3-o^-tin, s. m. Austin friar, 
black friar of the order of St. Austin. 

Augustine, d-^As-lIn, s. f. Austin nun. 



bkr, bit, base : th(^re, ?l)b, over : field, ffg : r6b(>, r8b, 16rd : in6od, g-fiod. 

AujouRu'HUi,6-jftor-dflJ, adv. to-day, this 
day ; at present, now, now a days, iji this age. 

AuLiQUE, adj. Ex. Leconseil Aiilique, ihe 
Aulic council (in Germany.) 

AuT.iQUE, s. f. publick thesis or disputa- 
tion for a doctor's degree (in theology.) 

AUI.NAIE, AULNE, & Aui.NEE, V. Atl- 

naie, etc. ^ 

Aui.oFKE, s. f. Mar. act of luffing or 
springing the luff. Faire wie aulofee, to luff, 
spring the luff. 

AuMAiLLES, f. pi. b^tts auviailles homed 

Aum6.\e, 5-mAn, s. f. alms, charity. Faire 
raunuine, lo give alms, bestow a charity, give 
something to the poor. Demancler Paumdne, 
to ask alms, beg. Aumonesjieffees, frank al- 
moin, lands, etc. given to Ihe church for 
alms, their tenure of the donor being recog- 

AuM6nER, S-m6-na, v. a. to bestow alms, 
pay a fine to charitable uses. 

AuMONERiE, d-m6n.ri, s. f. almoner's of- 
fice; almonry. 

AuMoNiER, E, 6-mA-ni5., n!^r, adj. alms- 
giving, charitable. 

AuM6NiFR,6-m6-nili,s.m. almoner, chap- 

AuMUSSE, A-mfls, s. f. amice. 

AuNAGE, 6-niz, s. in. alnage, measure- 
ment by the ell. 

AuNAiE, 6-ni, s. f. grove of alders, alder- 

AuNE, 6n, s. f. an ell. Tout da long de 
Vaune, soundly. Mesurer ks mdres k son 
tame,io judge another by one's self. 

Aune, s. m. alder-tree" 

AuNEK, s. f. elecampane. 

AuNEK, A-nS,, V. a. to measure by the ell. 

AuNEUR, <!)-n?ur, s. m. aliiager. 

AuPARAVANT, 6-pS-r&-v^n, adv. before. 

AuPREs, 6-pr^, (with de) prep, near, by, 
about, i^a inaison est aupres de la mienneAxis 
house is near mine ; with, near, by, to. Etre 
bien aupres d'un grand seigneur, to be in 
the good graces of a nobleman. 11 reside 
aupres dii prijtce, he resides near the prince. 
S'atiaclier aupres de quelqu'un^ to enter into 
one's service. To, in companson with. Vo- 
tre null n'est rien auprh da mien, your distem- 
per is nothing to mine. Aupres or TaiU 
aupres, adv. liard by, close. Par aupres, hard 
by, near, a little aside. 

Av(^VE.i., (or hleqml.) V. Leqnel. 

AuRELiE, s. f Aurelia, chrysalis. 

AuRfoi.E, 6-rJ-dl, s. f. circle of light 
around the head of saints ; degree of glory 
of saints in heaven. 

AuRicuLAiRE,ft-r?-Ki-l^r, adj. auricular. 
La confession auriculaire, auricular confes- 
sioa. Un timoin auriculaire, ear-witness ; 
doigt auriailaire^ little finger. 

AuRicitfE, adj. Mar. Ex. Voiles auriqnes, 
shoulder of mutton sails. 

AuRONE, ft-r6n, s. f. southern-wood. 

AuRORE, fl-r8r, s. f. Aurora, morning, 
break of day, day-break, dawn ; yellow, ofa 
yellow colour ; east ; fair and j-oung virgin. 
Aurore boreale, Aurora borealis. 

Auspice, 5s-pis, s. m. auspice, presage, 
omen. Sous d'lieureux auspices, auspicious- 
ly. Sou: ks auspices de quelqu'uu, under 
one's auspices, conduct, guidance, protection. 

.^ .,0 .>,., adj. austere, severe, ri- 
igid, strict ; harsh, rough, sour. 

Aussi, 6-s?, conj. also, too, likewise ; also, 
too, over and above ; so, therefc-e, but then, 
accordingly ; // est plus avis^ que tviis. aitsst 
esl-il plus ag^, he is wiser than you, and in- 
deed or but, or but indeed or but then, he is 
older. J'ai brfd^ ce papier, aussi ne sa-roit- 
it de rien, I have burnt that paper, and in- 
deed or and truly it was good for nothing. 11 
a ete vok, miss^i pourquoi va-t-il la nuit '! he 
has been robbed ; but then why does he go 
about in the night'/ • 

Aussi, as, as much. // est aussi sage que 
vaillanl, he is as prudent as valiant. // est 
aussi embaiTusse que vioi, he is as much 
puzzled as I am. Elk ^crit aussi bLyn que sa 
samr, she writes as well as her sister. Je par. 
tirai aussitot quejepourrai, I shall set out as 
soon as I can. 

Aiissi-bien, for, and indeed. Je n'iraipoint, 
aussi-bien il est trop tard, I will not go, for it 
is too late. 

Aussit6t, forthwith, presently, out of 
hand. Aussitut dit, aussitot fait, no sooner 
said than done. 

Austere, fts-t^r 
gorous ; 

siiarp ; grave, reserved ; miiie austere, stem, 
crabbed or sour look. 

AusTEREMENTjfis-tir-m^n, adv. austere- 
ly, rigorously, strictly, severely. 

AustIrite, 6s-ti-ri-l^, s. f. austerity, 
mortification ; severity, strictness, rigour. 

Austral, e, fts-tral, adj. southern, austral, 
austrine. Les parties auslraks du Zodiaque, 
the southern or austral parts of the Zodiack. 
Terre Austrak, Terra Australis. 

AuTAN, 6-t^r?, s. m. south-wind. 

AuTANT,6-t^n, adv. as much, so much, as 
many, so many, as. Autaut que jamais, as 
much as e\er. J'ai autant de giii'nees que de 
pistoles, 1 have as manj' guineas as pistoles. 
Voiis avez eu du bonheur, fen aurai autant, 
you have had good luck, I shall have as much. 
Vousavez troisfrires, dites-rnus ; fen ai au- 
tarU, you have three brothers, you say ; 1 
have as many. Autant de tetes, autant 
d'ojrinions, so many men, so many minds. Je 
I'ai rendu taut autant, 1 sold it for -so much. 
Je suis autant que reus, I am as good as you. 
Autant de fois qu'on k commande, as often 
as he is bicklen. Autant en emporte k rent, 
that signifies nothing or that does not signify 
a pin. Autant que fen puisjuger, as far as I 
can conjecture. J'en ai autant que lui or 
qu'il en a, I have as many or as much as he, 
or as he has. Je I'ai rendu autant, 1 have sold it 
for so much ; c'eiit M autaiU d'argent d'epar- 
gne, it would have been so much money saved; 
ctTSeront autant d'amis que rotts acquerrex, 
they will be so many friends whom ^ou will 
get ; quelquesuns out cru que les etoiks fxes 
etoient autant de sokils, some have believed 
that the fixed stars were so many suns. 
When autant que precedes autant in a sen- 
tence, the former is rendered by inasinnch as 
and the latter bv so much. Ex. Autant que 
Minen-e est auaessus de Mars, autant une 
ratetir discrete et prh-mjante surpasse or 
(sw-passe-t-elk) un courage bouillant et fa' 
roiiche, in as much as Minerva is superiour to 
Mars, in so much does discreet and provident 
valour surpass petulant and fierce couragfs 
D' autant joinea to the verb boire is render d 


bise, b&t : jeune, m^ule, blurre : hifhni, cint, Vihn . 


vm; mora, 


in English by a great deal or very lutrd. D'au- 
tant qjce, in law language, is rendered by 
wliereas, for as much as, in as much as. But 
when d'aiUant is found at tiie beginning of 
the comparatives plus^ mieux, veilleur, mains, 
tnoindre, pis, pire, it is rendered by so much 
the or simply by tlie, with an English com- 
parative; and "if que be then employed in 
French to introduce the cause or reason of 
what precedes, que is rendered by as or be- 
cause. Ex. Jei'ainied'autaiU plus quHl est tres- 
modAri, I love him the more (or so much the 
more) as (or because) he is a very sober man. 
On meurt d'aidaid plus volontiers que Von est 
homvie de bien, the better a man lives the more 
willingly he dies. D'autant mieux que, espe- 
cially as. 

AuTAST, (law term) duplicate of a writing. 

AuTEL, 6-t^l, s. m. altar. Le grand or le 
maitre autel, the high or j^rcat altar, Le saint 
sacremenl de I'autel (I' Eucharistie) tlie holy 
sacrament, the Eucharist. 

AuTKUR, (i-t^ur, s. m. author, cause; in- 
ventor, maker, contriver; author, writer, 
composer ; reporter ; (in jurispruiUnce) he 
from whom any thing is hefd, original posses- 
sor. Les auteurs de sa race, those from whom 
he descends by birth. It may be said of a 
woman, c'est elle qui est I'aiUeur de ce livre, it 
is she who is the author of tiiat book. 

AiiTHENTiciTE, ft-lin-ll-sl-li, s. f. au- 

AuTHENTiQUE,6-t&M!k, adj. authentick, 
authentical, allowed, of good authority, origi- 
nal, solejun, credible, approved. 

AuTHENTiQUE, s. m. aulhentick act, 
writin;^, or copy. 

Authentiqiie, s. f. certain of the Roman laws. 

AuTHENTiciUEMENT, i-thi-Cik-mhi, adv. 
authentically, in an authentick manner. 

AuTHENTi(iUER,6-t6«-ii-A:a, v. a. to make 

AuTOCEPHAi.E, s. m. bishop (among the 
Greeks) not under the jurisdiction of the pa- 

AuTOCRATiE, s. f. autocrasy. 

AuTOCRATOR, s. m. absolute sovereign. 

AuTOCRATRiCE, s. f female autocrat. 

AUTOCTHONE, s. m. Aborigines. 

AUTO-DA-KE, 6-tft-di-f i, s. m. Auto-da-fe. 

AuTOGRAPHE, 6-t6-graf, s. m. autograph, 
original writing. 

AUTOGRAPHE, ad5. of one's own hand 
writing, autographical. 

Automate, 6-i5-mit, s. m. automaton. 

AuTOMNAL, E, 6-t6m-nM, adj. autumnal. 

AuTOMNE,i-tSn,s. f. or m. autumn, fall of 
the leaf. 

AuTONOME, adj. autonomous, enjoying the 
privilege of autonomy. 

AuTONOMiE,s. f. autonomy, the being go- 
verned by one's own laws. 

AuTosiE, s. f. autop.5y, contemplation. 

AuTORisATiON,d-t6-rl-zi-siow,s. f. autho- 
rization, impowering. 

AuT0RisER,5-tS-rI-zS, V. a. to authorize, 
impower, give authority or power, allow by 
authority. S'autoriser, v. r. to get credit or 

AuT0RiT£,ft-l&-r1-la,s. f. authority ,power ; 
imperiousness ; credit, interest, consideration, 
weight ; passage or testimony quoted as a 

AuTiiUR, 6-l6or, s. m. goshawk. 

AuTOUR, (with de) prep, about, round. 
Autour de sa personne, about his person. Au- 
tour de V^glise, about or round the church. Au- 
tour, aAv. about,round ; ici autour, hereabouts. 

AuTouRSERiE, s. f. training up of gos- 

AuTOURSiER, s. m. goshawker, one that 
trains up goshawks, falconer. 

Autre, 6tr, adj. other. EnvoiULun,voilh 
I'autre, there is one, there is the other. L'autre 
jour, the other day. Une autre fois, another 
! time. C'est nn autre Alexandre, he is ano'.her 
Alexander. // est tout autre (for, un tout autre 
homme) he is quite another man, he is quite a 
different man. // ne sera jamais autre qu'il a 
4t^, he will never be different from what he 
has been, he will ever be the same man. We 
say, il y en a d'uns et d'atUres, there are good 
and bad ; comma dit l'autre^ as the saying is, 
as somebody says; en voici d'un autre or en 
void bien d'un autre, this is still more surpris- 
ing ; il en fait bien d'autres, he does things 
still more surprising or this is nothing to what 
he commonly does ; a d'autres, this maj- do for 
other people but not for me, 3'ou may talk so 
to other people but not to me. L'un on I'autre, 
either, the one or the other. L'un el I'autre, 
all of them, both; l'un I'autre or les uns les 
aiitres, one another. Les uns et les autres, both, 
the one and the other. Ni l'un ni I'autre, nei- 
ther. Autres is not expressed in English after 
iwns, vous, eux, elles, ex. vous autres, jeunes 
gaiSjVOusn'etes jamais satis/aits; you, young 
people, are never satisfied. 

Autre, after gue'que, aticun, nul et tout, is 
sometimes rendered by 4se. If que follow 
autre it is suppressed in English as in the fol- 
lowing pronoun. Ex. Donnez-moi quil/ju'au- 
tre chose or donnet-mci autre chose, give me 
something else. Tout autre que lui eid per- 
du courage, any body else would have been 
disheartened. 11 aime tout autre que moi, he 
loves any body but me, or he loves me not, he 
loves any l)0(ly else. Sometimes even the 
else may dc omitted. II nefait autre chose que 
jouer, he does nothi ng but pla^, that is, nothing 
else but play. Les inis se plaisent a une chose, 
les autres h une autre, some delight in one 
thing, some {or others) in another, or olliers 
in something else. 

Autrefois, 6tr-fwi, adv. formerly, here 
tofore, in former times, in times past. 

AuTREMENT, 6tr-m3n, adv. otherwise, af 
ter another manner or fashion, contrariwise 
another way ; otherwise, else. Pas atitrement 
not otherwise ; also not much, indifferently. 

Autre part, elsewhere, somewhere else < 
d'autre part, moreover. 

Autkiche, s. f. Austria. 

AuTRicHiEN, NE, 6-tri-shiSn, sh??n, adj 
&, s. m. & f. Austrian. 

AuTRUCHE,6-triish, s. f. ostrich. Avmr 
un estonuw d'autruche.,lo have a stomach whicL 
will digest any thing. 

AuTRUi, 6-tr&!, s. m. others, other people 
Ilnefaut pas desirer le bien d'autrui, we must 
not covet what belongs to others. S'affliger 
du mal d'autmi, to i)e sorry for other people or 
other men's troubles. 

AcvENT,6-v5/j, s. m. pent-house. 

AuvER.NAT, s. m. sort of coarse red heady 
wine, made in or about Orleaiiii. 




bir, bat, base : th^re ; <ibb, over : field, f?g : r6be, rSb, I6rd : m6od, gftod. 

Acx, V. ^ et Ail. 

AuxiLiAiRE, Sk-sMWr, adj. auxiliary. 
Annee auxiliaire, troupes mixiliaires, auxiliary 
forces, auxiliaries. Verbe auxiliaire, auxilia- 
ry or helping verb. 

AuxQUELS, AuxQDELLES, (forh Usquels, 
b, lesquelles.) V. Lesqnels, 

A VACHIR, (s') s?i-va-sh!r, V. r. to grow faint 
or heanles.s, hang down the head {speaking 
of persons ;) to flat or flag (speaking of ri- 
bands, stuA's, etc.) 

AvAGE, s. m. Droit d'avage, a duty which 
the hangman, in some places in France, re- 
ceives every market-day for some sort of 

*AvAL, i-vil, s. m endorsement on a bill 
of exchange or note of hand, as a surety in 
case of its not being paid by the proper party. 

Aral, down, downward, down the river. 
VerU d'aval, westerly wind or north west wind. 

AVALAGE, s. m. the letting down of wine 
into a cellar, or the hire of porters for doing it. 

AvALAisoN, k-v^-\&-zon,s. f. flood, torrent. 

AvALANGE, ^-vS,-li«r, s. f. fall of snow 
from the mountains. 

AvALANT, E, adj. & s. that goes down the 

AvALE, E,S.-vi-lii, adj. swallowed, etc. 

AvALE, flagging, hanging down, fallen in. 
Oreilles aralees, flagging ears. Joues avalees, 
cheeks fallen in. 

AvALER,i-vii-la, v. a. to swallow down, 
sip up. Araler le calice, avaler le morceaii, to 
submit to what is repugnant. Araler des ecu- 
leurres [recevoir dts aiagrins) to pocket an 
affront. Araler du vin dans la cave, to let 
wine down into the cellar. Avaler un bras a 
anelqu'un, to cut oiT one's arm. AraLr une 
lettre de change or un billet, to become a surety 
to the payment of a bill of exchange or note 
of hand. V. Aval, s. m. Avalt'r, v. n. of boats 
to go down the river, fall down. S'ai-aler, v. 
r. to flag, hang down, fall in. 

AvALEOR, S.-v^-l^ur, s. m. one that swal- 
lows, c/w avaleur de pots gris, a greedy-gut, 
a glutton. Un avaleur de cliarrettes ferries, a 
biuly, a hector, a braggadocio. 

A VA 1,01 RE, S.-va-hvir, s. f. great throat oi- 
swallow ; a crupper. 

AvANCE, ^-ve^is, s. f. start, way one has 
got before another ; advance, state of forward- 
ness ; out-iultiiig or leaning-place ; advance 
money, acfvancing of money, paying before- 
hand; advance, first step, u'acance, par 
avance, before-hand. 

AvANcf E adj. stretched or stretching, 
out-jutting arlortningout,advanced,supposed, 
asserted; advanced forward, in good for- 
wardness. Vans un age avanci, avance en 
6ge, stricken in years, elderly. FruUs avances. 
forward fruit, bastings, fruit early ripe. Un 
esprit avance (or hMff") a forward wit. L'an- 
nee est trien avancie, tejour est bien avartci, the 
year or the day is far advanced, gone or spent. 
L'2 nuit est bien avancie, it is late in the night. 
Avance aux lionneurs, advanced or prefened 
to honours. 

A VANCEMENT, ^L-vi/is-m^n, s. m. progress, 
proficiency ; {d^un ouvrage) forwardness or 
forwarding ; advancement, preferment. 

AvANCER,i-v^rt-sa, V. a. to putoc stretch 
forth or forward ; to hasten, set forward, for 
ward ; to advance, give or pay before-hand ; 

to advance, promote, prefer ; to advance or 
bring forth, assert. 

Avo.ncer, v. n. to advance, go or pass on, 
move or get forward, proceed. L'horloge 
avance, the clock goes too fast. Vous avez 
avance sur ma terre, you have encroached 
upon my gi'ound. La sh-e avance dans une 
annee seche, the sap comes early in a dry year. 
Aw.ncer, to avail ; to jut or stand out", shoot- 
forth ; to make some progress, be forward, go 
on or forward, profit or thrive. Je n'avartce 
rien par vies plaintes, I get nothing by my 
complaints. S'avancer, v. r. to advance .tie's 
self, advance or go or move forward ; to go 
on ; to advance one's self, get preferment ; to 
go far ; Je me mis avance de lui offrir telle chose 
de rotre part, I went so far as to make him 
such offers from you. 

AvAME, i-va-nl, s. f. oppression used by 
(he Turks against the Christians to extort 
money from them ; injury, wrong, insult, of- 
fence, outrage. 

AvANT,&^-v^n, s. m. & adv. Mar. prow, 
head or forepart of a ship, bow ; a-head, afore, 
forward. Le navire est trap sur I'ai-ant, the 
ship is too much by the head. J^e batiment est 
en avant de mon point, the ship is a-head of 
my reckoning. Nons passerons de I'avant de 
cette /rigate, we wiW go a-head of that frigate. 
Le conroi est en avant de nous, the convoy is 
a-head of us. Le vent inent de Varant, the 
wind is in our teeth or is quite contrary. V. 
Hcler. Avant elance, flarmg liow. Avant 
maigre, lean bow. Avant jfifflu or renjli, 
bluff bow. Avant, avant, Y)v\\?L\\giy. Avant 
paiiout, give way lore and af\. Avant bd- 
bord et scie trihcrrd, pull the larboard and hold 
water with the starboard oars. De I'avant h 
I'arri^re, fore and aft. 

Avant, prep, before. Apprenez rotre le- 
gon avant d aller joiier, avant que d'alhi-jcmer, 
learn your lesson before you go to play. Je 
savais ma legon avant que vous fiissiez venu, i 
knew my lesson before you were come. 

Avant, adv. forward. R ne saurait aller 
ni avant ni arrikre, he can go neither back- 
ward nor forward. Plus avant, further, far- 
ther, dcept/. Si avant, so far, so deep. Bien 
avant, fort avant, very deep or deeply, very 
far or great way, much. 3 rop ax-ant, too far. 
En avant, adv. forward. Alter en avant, to 
go forward. De ct jour-la m avant, from that 
day forward. Me'ttre en avomt, to propose, 

AvANTAGE, lt.-\hn-\kz, s. m. advantage 
benefit, interest, profit, honour, praise, supe 
riority, victory ,convenience, gift, prerogati\ e 
excellence, good quality, endowments, ac 
complishments. C'est voire avantage, that 
is your advantage or interest. Quel avantage 
tirez-vous de la? what benefit do you reap 
from that 1 Chacun cherche ses avaniagcs, 
every body minds his own interest. On pent 
dire ceci a son avantage, this may be said in 
his praise, this may be said for him. Parler 
h I'aranlage de quelqu'un, to speak to one's 
advantage, to give a good character of him. 
Les Anglais oni eu I'avantage, the English 
have got the better or victory. I'irer avan- 
tage de quelqne chose, to take advantage of a 
thing, turn it to one's advantage, l.&me a 
de crands avajitages sur le corps, the soul has 
gieat prerogatives over the body. l'oss4 





biise, bflt : j6iiiie, ni?ute, bSurre : f'.nfknl, t^ni, Wen : \'\n : mow ; bni*!. 

der tons les avantages naturels, to have all 
natural excellencies, good qualities, endow- 
ments or accomplishments, to be endowed 
with all natural gifts. Avoir de grands avan- 
tages sur quelqu'un, to be much beyond ano- 
ther. II n'a aucun avantage sur moi, he is no 
better man than I, I am as good a man as he. 
Donner h qizelqu'un I'avantage de I'eloquence, 
to yield to one in point of eloquence. Prendre 
de I'avantage pour miiiter a chei-al, to take ad- 
vantage of some elevation or horse-block to 
get on horse-back. Avantage. advantage, 
gratification. Avintage (at ptatj) odds or 
advantage. D'avantage, adv. V. Davantage. 
Mar. Gagner Vavantage du vent sur un vais- 
seau, to weather a ship, get the weather gage 
of a ship, get to the windward of a ship. 
Avantage, Slar. beak-head, cut-water (0/ a 

A VANTAGER, K-vhn-lk-zh, V. a. to gratify, 
bestow, ^i ve or allow by way of advantage or 
over and above. 

AVANTAGEUSEMENT, i-vin-ti-iiuZ-mSrt, 

adv. advantageousl_y, profitably, to the best 
advantage ; conveniently. Etre monte avan- 
tagensemerU, to he well mounted, ride a good 
horse. VHu avantageusement, well clad. Pur- 
ler aivmtageusement de quelqu'un, to speak 
well of one. 

AvANTAGEU-x, SE, ^-\hn-ia.-zku, zhwz, 
adj. advantageous, profitable, useful, good, 
honourable; convenient; excellent, good. Also 
disposed to take advantage of others. Porter 
uniugement avariia<>;eux de quelqu'un, to judge 
well of one. Taille arantageiise, tall, proper 
size. Mine avanta^euse, noble mien or look. 
Succh avantageux,l^a.ppy or prosperous suc- 

AvANT-BEC, l-v^7t-b3k, s. m. name of the 
comers of the piles of a stone-bridge. 

AvANT-BRAS, i-virt-brd, s. m. tlie part of 
the arm betwixt the elbow and the wrist. 

AvANT-cHEMiN-couvERT, s. m. first Co- 
vered way (in /orlification.) 

A VANT-CcEUR, 'k-vhi-keur, s. m. pit of the 
stomach; anticor. 

Avant-corps, K-vhn-k&r, s. m. fore or 
projecting part (o/a building.) 

Avant-cour, s. f. outward court, fore- 

Avant-couredr, s. m. forerunner, har- 

AvANT-couRRiiRE,s.f. harbinger or fore- 

Avant-dernier, e, adj. last but one, 

AvANT-Fossi, s, m, foredltch, ditch of the 

AvAKT-GARDE, i-viw-gird, s, f. Van, van- 

AvANT-GOUT, s, HI. foretaste, prelibation, 

A VANT-HiER, l-v^-t!^r, adv. the day be- 
fore yesterday, two days ago, 

AvANTiN, V. Crossette. 

AvANT-LOGis, s. m, fore-housc. 

AvANT-MAiN, cL-v^n-mii, s. m. fore-hand- 
slroke, also forepart of a horse, 

AvANT-Muu, s. m, outward wall. 

Avant-pAche, ?i-v^rt-pish, s. f, forward 
or nasty peach. 

Avant-pied, s. m, forepart of the foot; 
also mmcr leather of the shoo, of a boot, and 
the t()re-stake. 

Avant-poignet, s, m. palm of the hand 

Avant-propos, i-v^n-pr6-p6, s, m. pre- 
face, preamble. 

Avant-QCart, s. m. warning (stroke in 
some clocks before the quarter, half hour, 
and hour.) 

Avant-toit, s. m. fore-roof, house-eave 

AvANT-TRAiNjSro. fore-wheels of a coach 
or of the carriage of a great gun. 

Avant-veille, ^-v^-v^7, s. f. fore-vigil, 
day before the eve. L'avant veilte, may stand 
for two days before. 

AvANTURiNE, or AvENTURiN E, s. f. asort 
of precious stone. 

AvARE, i-v^r, adj. avaricious, covetous, 
stingy, griping, sordid, closefisted, niggardly. 
Etre avare de ses/aveurs, to be spewing of one's 

AvARE, s. m. & f, covetous person, mi- 

AvAREMEST, adv. covetously, niggardly, 

Avarice, i-vi-rfs, s, f. avarice, covetous- 
ness, gi'eediness, 

Avaricieu-x, se, i-\-3.-ri-s?^u, si^uz, ava- 

Avarie, i-v?i-rl, s. f. Mar. average, hurt 
or damage a ship receives, waste, decay of 
wares or merchandise, extraordinarv charges 
and expenses during a voyage , also ancho- 
rages, duty paid for the maintenance of a ha- 
ven by every ship that casts anchor in it, 

AvARii, adj. averaged, damaged. 

Avau, adv. ex, Avau-l'eau (m boating) 
down the river. Toules ses erUreprises sottt 
allf'es avau-l'eau, &]] his undertakings are come 
to nothing. 

Av£, Ave or Ave Maria {latiji) first words 
of the angel's salutation to Mary. 

AvEC,i-v5k, (anciently avecque) prep, with, 
together with, along with. Ex. 11 a pris mon 
manteau et s'en est alM avecAie took my cloak 
and went away with it. On Pa bien traits, et 
il a eu de I'argent avec, he Avas well entertained 
and got money to boot or besides that. In 
g^ieral avec is tJie contrary of sans : but tJie 
English preposition with is not always rendered 
by avec. V. A, De, Coup, etc. Avec cela, 
avec tout cela, fi-r all that, nevertheless. Avec 
le temps, at length, in time, in process of time, 
D'avec, from. Viscenier le bien d'avec le mal, 
to discern good from evil. 

*AvEiNDRE, i-vi»dr, V. a. like fexndre at 
dndre, to take or fetch out. 

AvEiNE,i-vin, V. Avoine. 

*AvEiNT, E, adj. taken or fetched out. 

AvELiNE,^v-l?n, s. f. filbert. 

AvELiNiER, ^v-H-nili, s. m. filbert-tree, 

A VENAGE, s. m, avenage. 

AvENANT, E,^v-n^n, ne«t, adj. handsome, 
neat, genteel ; suitable. Avetmntle decks d'un 
tcl, or le cas ai^enant ^u'un tel meure, in case 
such a one should die. A I'avenant, propor- 
tionabiy, answerably. 

Av2NEMENT,i-v?n-m3n, s. m, arrival, 
coming, accession, advancement, advent. 

AvENiR,iv-n!r, V. n. (like «er»r,) to hap- 
pen, chance, fall out, come to pass, ^tl 
arien: que safcmme meure, if his wife happens 
to die *Ainsi n'ainenne, God forbid, 

A\ ENiR, s. m. future, time to come, things 
to come. Aivnir (in lato) summons. A Pa- 
vaiir. Cor the future, hcncefcrth. 



hkr, bat, base : th^re, §bb, over : field, fig : nSbe, rftb, I6rd : in6od, gAod. 

Av ENT, 5,-vSn, s. m. advent. Advent ser- 

AvENTiN, s. m. twigof a vine, &c. 

AVENTURE, ^-v6n-ti!ir, s. f. adventure, ac- 
cident, event ; amour, intrigue ; adventure, 
heizardous enterprise, adventure or venture, 
chance, hazard, random. Bonne or heureuse 
aventure, lucky adventure or accident, happy 
turn. Triste menlure, sad mischance. Dire 
la bonne, aventure, to tell one's fortune. Diseur 
de bonne aventure, fortune-teller. Mettre a la 
grosse aventure, to venture all in one bottom. 
Prendre de Pargent a grosse aventure, to take 
money upon botlomry, borrow money upon 
the keel of one's ship. A I'aventure, adv. at 
a venture, at random. D'arenture, par aven- 
ture, adv. peradventure, perchance, by 

AvENTURER, V. a. to adventure or ven- 
ture, put to the venture, hazard. S'arenturer, 
s' h.-\hi-i&-r^, V. r. to adventure or venture, 
run a hazard. 

AvENTUREU-x, sE, adj. venturesome. 

AvENTURiER, E, i-vi«-tfl-r?a, ri^r, s. m. 
& f. adventurer, fortune-hunter. 

AvENTURiN'E, s. f. V. Avanturine. 

AvENU, E. adj. come to pass, happened. 

Avenue, iv-ni, s. f avenue, passage, en- 
trance, wa3 to a place ; walk or alley of trees 
before a house. 

AvERER, i-v^-rS., V. a, to aver, evince, 

AvERNE, ii-v?rn, s. m. the poetick hell. 

Averse, s. f. sudden and heavy shower 
of rain. 

Aversion, S.-v?r-s1on, s. f. aversion, ab- 
horrence, hatred, antipathy. 

Averte, s. f. a little bee. 

AvERTi, E, adj. warned, advertised. V. 

AvERTiN, s. m. moroseness, craziness, 
madness ; distemper in beasts occasioning a 
swimming in the nead. 

AvERTiR, S,-v§r-t?r, v. a. to warn, adver- 
tise, inform, tell of, give notice or intelligence 
of, make knowrt. AveHir paravance, to fore- 
warn, give a caution beforehand. 

AvERTissEMENT, ^-vSr-tls-mSn, s. m. ad- 
vertisement, advice, caution, putting in mind, 
warning, information, intelligence. Aver- 
tissement (in law,) bill and answer of plaintiff 
and defendant. 

AvERTissEUR, ^-v?r-t]-s?ur, s. m. one of 
the king's officers^ whose office was to give 
iiotice when the kmg was coming to dinner. 

•AvEU, k-\'hu, s. m. confession, acknow- 
ledgment; approbation, consent. Unhomme 
tans aveu, one that nobody will ovra, a vaga- 

AvEUER, V. Avtier^ 

AvEUGLE, 5.-v?uffl. adj. blind. Rendre 
tvet/gle, to blind. Oheissance aveugle, passive 
obedience, blind submission. Ilagital'aveu- 
gle, he acts blindly, 

AvEUGLF. s m. & f. blind man or woman. 

AvEUGLEMENT,5.-v§ugl-m§«, s. m. blind- 

AvEUGL^MENT,i-v?u-gla-m?7j,adv. blind- 
ly, blindfold^ inconsiderately, rashly, head- 
long, unadvisedly, at all ventures. Croire 
aveiigUment,\o believe imjilicitly, have an im- 
Dlicit faith 

AvEUGLER, a-veu-gli, V. a. to blind, take 
away the sight, dazzle ; cloud, darken. Aveu- 
gler une vme d'eau, Mar. to fother a leak, to 
stop a leak by fothering a ship, or by any 
other temjjorary method. S'ai-eugler, v. r. 
to blind one's self, be blinded, be guilty of 

*AvEUGLETTE, a-v?u-gl^t, s. f. the act of 
groping. The word is not used now singly ; 
but they said formerly a aveuglette; and now 
they say a I'aveugletle, to express ci talons, 
groping, groping along. Aller a I'avetigldte, 
to go groning along. Che-cher qvelque chose 
a Caveugtette, to grope about for a thing. 

AviUE, a-vid, adj. greedy, covetous, de- 
sirous, eager, earnest. 

AviDEMENT, a-vid-mSn, adv. greedily, 

Avidit£, ^-vl-dl-ti, s. f. avidity, greedi- 
ness, eagerness, eager desire or appetite. 

AviLiR, l.-vi-lir, V. a. to afease, disgrace, 
disparage, undenalue, make contemptible. 
S'avilir, v. r. to undervalue one's self, grow 

AviLissEMENT, i-v?-lis-m?7?, s. m. abase- 
ment, abjection, contempt, dispdragement, 
disgrace, undervaluing. 

AviNE, E, adj. seasoned with wine. Un 
homme or un corps avin^, staunch toper or 
hard drinker. 

AviNER, ^-vi-na, V. a. to season with wine. 

AviRON, ^-vi-ron, s. m. oar {to row with.) 
Tirer h I'aviron, to tug at the oar. Aviron de 
vaisseau, sweep or ship-oar. 

AviRONNiER, oar-maker. 

Avis, ^-vi, s. m. opinion, sentiment, mind, 
judgment, thought. A mon avis, in my opi- 
nion, mind or judgment. *Il m'est avis, me- 
thiiiks. 11 m'etoit avis, methought. Je suis 
d'ai-is qu'on prefh-e la paix a la guerre, 1 
am for peace rather than war. Je ne sui» 
rxxs d'avis de lui resister, I would not have 
nim resisted. Avis, Eidvice, advertisement, 
notice, intimation, account, news, information, 
intelligence. Lettres d^avis, letters of ad- 
vice. On donne avis de Paris que, we 
have an account from Paris that. ' Avis, ad- 
vice, counsel. Prendre avis de ijuelqu'un, 
to ask advice of one, advise with him. Avis 
{in an assemily,) motion. Ouvrir un avis, 
to make a motion. 11 y a jour d'avis, there is 
time enough to consider of it. Avis, project. 
Donneur d'avis, projector. Avis, vote. Pren- 
dre les avis, aller aux avis, to put to tlie 

AvisE, E, adj. warned, etc. V. Aviser. 
Wise, well-advised, prudent, discreet, consi- 
derate, war}', circumspect. Mal-avise, ill-ad- 
vised, unwise, inconsiderate, unwary, impru- 

AvisEAU, V. Ai^iso. 

AviSER, k-\']-zk,v. a. to warn, caution, to 
spy out. Aviser, v. n. to advise with one's self, 
thmk, consider, to think adviseable, resolve. 
S'aviser, v. r to think of, take notice of. Je 
ne m'en stiis pas avisS, I did not think of it, it 
never came into my mind. S'aviser, to be- 
think one's self. 

Aviso, s. m. advice-boat. 

AviTAiLLEMENT, !i-v?-ti/-m?n, s. m. pro- 
vision or providing of victuals (for a place.J 
Avitaillenieitt d'un vaisseau^ the victualling ol 
a ship. 



bAse, bftt : j^une, m^ute, beurre : hititnt, c^t, li^w ; viw ; mon ; brun. 

AviTAiLLER, S.-vi-ta-^a, v. a. to furnish or I 
store with victuals or nrovisions, convey pro- 
visions into. Avilaiucr un laisseauAo vict 
ual a shiiJ, provide her with victuals. 

AviTAiLi,EUR,i-v5-td-/^ur, s. m. commis 
sioner of the victualling oflice. 

AviVEti,?L-v!-va, V. a. to brisk up. ^I'i- 
ver des figures de mital, to furbish or polish or 
brighten metal figures. Amver k bois de char- 
verite, to hew timber. Avii-er un diamant, to 
brighten a diamond. 

A viVES, i-viv, s. f. pi. the vives, a disease 
in hoi^ses. 

*AvocASSER, i-v6-ki-s^, v. n. to follow 
the law, be a pettifogger. 

AvocAT, i-vd-ki, s. m. lawyer, counsellor, 
advocate, counsel at law : advocate, inter- 
cessor, mediator. Avocat -general, attorney- 
general. Acocat de causes perdues, scurvy or 
Ignorant lawyer, pettifogger. 

Acocate, s. f. female advocate, mediatrix. 

AvocATOiRE, i-v6-ka-twkr, adj. Ex. 
Lettres avocatoires. avocatoria. 

A vo I N E, i-vwi.n, s. f. oats. Pam d^avoine, 

Avoir, ?i-vwir, v. a. to have. Avoir du 
bien, to have an estate, to be rich. Avoir 
rtud u la lite, atix dents, etc. to have the head- 
acne, tooth-ache, etc. Avoir /aim, soif,froid 
et cliaiid, to be hungry, diy, cold and hot. 
Avoir soin de quelque chose, {o take care of a 
thing. 7/ y a, there is, tjiere are. llyaici, 
here is, here are. II y a pres de20 miles, d'ici 
Ih, it is near twenty miles thither, llyaun an, a 
year ago. II y a Long temps, long since, long ago. 

Avoir, Mar. Ex. Avoir a la traine, to tow, 
na\ e in tow. Amir le bord or le cap an large, 
to, stand for the oiling, standoff. Avoir le cap 
«/r Uj. lerre, to stand in shoi-e. Avoir les 
mouvemens ditrs, to labour. Avoir torn ses ris 
pris, to be close reefed. Avoir le vait largue, 
to sail large. Aimr totites ses ancres sur nez, 
to have all the anchors down. Avoir toutes 
ses i-oiles sitr les cargues, to have all the sails 
clued up. Avoir sa hatterie encombree, to 
have the gun deck lumbered. Avoir sa. md- 
tiire sur Carriere or sur Uavant, to have the 
masts -aking aft or forward. Avoir ses ancres 
en mouillage, to have the anchors clear for 
running Aroir ses hmiers en coche, to have 
the top-sails close up to the mast-head. Avoir 
ses kuniers sur le ton, to have the top-sails on 
the cap. Arvir ses mats de hune caUs et ses 
busses vergues amenees, to have the yards and 
top-masts struck. Avoir ses mMs de perroquet 
pass^es sur Uarriire, to have the top-gallant- 
masts abaft the top-masts. Avoir ses ])erro- 
<nuts degrees or en croix, to have the top-gal- 
lant yards down or across. Avoir ses coulettrs, 
to show the colours. Avoir son arrimage d4- 
rang4, to shift the ballast or cargo by rolling. 
Avoir son branle-boj fait, to have the ham- 
mocks up and stowed and the ship clear. A- 
voir sm port franc sur un butiment, to have a 
certain number of tons permission in a ship. 
A voir beaucaitp de bmi, to have a great breadth 
of beam. Avoir bemccoup de creux, to have a 
deep and roomy hold. Avoir de I'eau a cou- 
rir, to have good sea-room. Avoir de I'eau 
sous la qville, to be in deep water. Avoir de 
lempature, to have a great spread for the rig- 
ging. Avoir de Uentre-deux de mats, to have 
a great distance between the masts. Avoir du 

largue dans les voiles, to be going lashing or 
free. Avoir du mou dans ses cdb/es, to be slack- 
moored. Avoir la viaree, or le courant pour 
soi, to have the tide or the current in one's fa 
vour. Avoir lefond or la sonde, to be in sound- 
ings. Aroir le beaupre a terre, to have the land 
close aboard. Avoir le vent sous vergtie, to 
have the wind right aft. Ax-oir le vent sur un 
butiment, to have the weather-gage of a ship. 
Avoir le feu abord,lo be on lire. Avoir la 
latitude, to ascertain the latitude by ol serva- 
tion. Avoir le passage de la lune au nieridien, 
to know the moon's southings. Avoir connais- 
sance de terre, to be in sight of the land. Avoir 
de L'avantage pour la marche, to have tlie ad- 
vantage in sailing. Avoir des hommes en sub- 
sistence to have men victualled ou board not 
belonging to the ship. 

Avoir, s. in. substance, what one has. 
C'est tout mon avoir, this is all my substance 
or all 1 have. 

Avoisiner, i-vwi-z!-ni, v. a. to border 
upon. Un arbre qui avoisine les cieiix, a tree 
that reaches to the skies, a lofty tree. 

Avortement, ^-vflrt-mJrt, s. m. abortion^ 

AvoRTER, ^-v3r-t^, V. n. to miscarry, 
bring forth before tlie time. Faire avorter, 
to cause a miscarriage ; also to baffle, render 
abortive, prove abortive. 

AvoRTON, il-vdr-t07i, s. m. abortive or un- 
timely child or birth, one born out of due time. 
Quel petit avorton est-cela ? what little shrimp 
or dwarf is that ? Avorton (speaking of fruits) 
untimely fruit, Avorton, unfinished produc- 
tion {of the intellect.) 

AvoUE, E, adj. owned, etc. 

AvouE, A-vio-k, s. m. avowee, patron or 
protector of a church ; lawyer. 

AvouER.^-v5o-a,v. a. to own, confess, ac- 
knowledge, grant, avow ; to father; approve, 
allow of. ^avouer de quelqu'un, v. r. to make 
use of one's name. S'avotter de quelque reli- 
gion, to profess one's self of a religion. 

AvouERiE, s. f. advowson. 

*AvoiiTRE,or AvouETREjS. m. offspring 
of adultery. 

AvoYE, s. m. magistrate of some Swiss ci- 
ties, avoyer or avoyee. 

AvRiL, s. m. April. En I'Airril de sesans, 
in his prime ; unpoisson d'Avril, an April fool. 

AvuER, V. a. to eye, have an eye upon 

Axe, iks, s. m. Axis, axle, axle-tree, L'axe 
du monde, the axis of the earth. L'axe dn cy- 
lindre, the axis or axle-tree of a cylinder. 

AxiLLAiRE, iVk-sil-l^r, adj. axillaiy, be- 
longing to the arm-pits. 

AxiNOMANciE, s. f. axinomancy, divina- 
tion by an axe. 

AxiOME, ik-s!-6m, s. m. axiom, maxim, 
established principle. 

AxioMETRE, s. m. Mar. tell-tale. 

AxoNGE. s. f. softest fat or grease of ani- 

Ay, iy, inter, ah ! oh ! 

Ayant, (participle of avoir) having. 

Aye, Aye, interj. [of pain) oh I 3i ! 

Ayeul, V. Aleid. 

AzEROLE, ^z-r5l, s. f sortofsmall medlar 

AzEROLiER, Kz-rh-Wfi, s. m. small medlar- 
tree, the three grained medlar or Neapolitan 




bir, bat, base : thire, Sbb, ovir ; field, flg : r6b€, r6b, 16rd : m6od, g6od. 

AziMK, adj. du pain azime, unleavened | 

AziMES, s. m. pi. feast of unleavened 
bread among the Jews. 

A/iMUT, cl-z?-in3t, s. m. azimuth, vertical 

AziMUTAL, E, adj. azimuthal, belonging 
to tlie azimuth. 

AzoTH, s. m. azoth, mercury. 

AzuR,^ S-zflr, s. m. azure, sky-colour, blue. 

Azure, e, i-z5-rS^, adj. coloured with 
tizure or blue, sky-coloured. 


B. 8. m. second letter of the alphabet, V. A. 

B-MOL, V. Bemol. 

B-auARRE, V.Biquarre. 

Babel, {lour de) s. f. confused place or 

Babecrre, b?l-blur, s. m. butter-milk. 

Babiche &, Babichon, b^-blsh, b^-bl- 
sbo'?, lap-dog. V. Barbiche. 

BABiL,ba-b?Z,s. m. prating, prattling, chat, 
chatting, chattering, talk or talkativeness. 

Babillard, e, bi-bl-/ir, /Srd, a^. talka- 
tive, prating, full of talk or prattle. Chien ba- 
billard, liar, dog that opens false. 

Babillard, s. m. prattler, prattling or 
talkative man, babbler, blab, tattler. 

Babillarde, s. f. prattler, prattling womai), 
gossip, talkative woman, tattler. 

Babiller, bi-b!-/k, v. n. to talk, prattle, 
ihat or chatter, tattle. 

*Babilloire, V. Ca/pietoire. 

BABiNE,b5.-l>?n, s. f. lip of some beasts. 

Babiole, bi-bifil, s. f. bauble, toy, gew- 

Babord, bi-bSr, s. m. larboard; port. 
Le coti de babord d'un batimerU, the larboard 
side of a ship. Feu h&bord, fire the larboard 
guns. Babord totd, hard a port. B&bord tin 
peu, port a little. Sans vetiir sur babord, 
mind ^our port helm. 

Babordais, s. m. pi. larboard watch. 

Babouche, bi-bdosh, s. f. shoe worn in 
Turkey and other eastern countries. 

Babouin, bi-bwin, s. m. monkej', baboon ; 
a ridiculous figure daubed upon the wall of a 
guard-house, which soldiers are made to kiss 
for some misdemeanors. Faire baiser le ba- 
bouin a quelqu'un, to make one truckle. Ba- 
hcuin, young, little fool, simpleton. 

Babouine, s. f. foolish girl, simpleton. 

Bac, bak, s. m. ferry-boat. Passer le bac, 
to cross the river in a ferrv-boat, ferry it over. 

Baccalaureat, b^-k5.-l5-r^-i, s. m. ba- 
chelor's degree. 

Bacchanale, b^-kX-nll, s. f. bacchanal, 
basso-relievo or picture representing the 
figure of Bacchus, also noisy drinking-bout. 

Bacclianales, s. f. pi. bacchanals, Bacchus' 

Bacchanaliser, v. n. to riot, revel. 

Bacchante, hhkknt, s. f. bacchante, 
priestess of Bacchus; also froward mad vro- 
man, termagant. 

BAcciriRE, adj. bacciferous, bearing ber- 

Bacha, b^-sh^, s. m. bashaw. 

•Bachelette, s. f. young virgin, lass, dam- 

Baceklier, biish-Ui, s. m. bachelor. 8e 

/aire passer bachelier, to take a bachelor's de* 
gree. Bacheliei-, young unmarried man, lad ; 
also youi^ nobleman serving under the ban- 
ner of another. 

Bachi^ue, ha-sh!k, adj. of or belonging 
to Bacchus, drunken. Une clianson bachtque, 
a drinking song. 

Bachot, bi-shft, s. m. (from Bac) wherry 
small ferry-boat. 

Bachotage, s. m. wherry-man's busi 

Bachoteur, s. m. wherry-man. 

Baclz, e. adj. barred. Bacli, done, 
agreed on. concluded. 

Bacler, bi-kla, v. a. to bar (a door of 
window) inwards, chain, fasten, make fast. 
To qpnclude, bring to a close. 

Baculer, v. a. V. B&totmer, 

BAcuLOMfTRiE, s. f. baculomctry. 

Badaud, hk-d6, s. m. silly man, booby ; 
simpleton, cockney. 

Badaude, bi-d6d, s. f. silly woman, simple- 

Badaudage, s. m. V. Badauderie. 

Badauder, b^-d6-da, v. a. to stand gaping 
or gazing about, loitgt, trifle away one^ time. 

Badauderie, b^6d-rl, s. f. simplicity, 
foolery, silliness. 

Baderne.s. f. Mar. mat,panch. Bademe 
des mats mujeurs, dolphin of the masts. 

Badigeon, s. m. piaster of Paris. Yellow 
ish colour for walls. 

Badigeoner, v. a. to plaster with plaster 
of Paris. To colour walls yellow. 

Badin, Ej bi-din, dJn, aclj. & s. wanton, 
waggish, apish, merry, sportful, idle, silly, 
ridiculous, playfiil. 

Badinage, bi-d!-nlr, s. m. play, spdrt, 
wantonness, toying, joke ; wit, smartness, 
agreeable trifling ; folly, nonsense. 

Badinant, s. m. supernumerary horse. 

Badinement, adv. wantonly, waggishly, 

Badiner, b^-dl-nSi, v. n. to play, play the 
fool or the wag, be full of mad or wanton 
tricks, toy ; to play, trifle, be smart or witty ; 
to jeer, rally ; to^ play, wave (in the air.) 

Badinerie, ba-d]ii-rl, s. f. silly or foolish 
thing, silly stuff, foolery, idle story, imperti- 

Badines, b2i-d?n, s. f small tongs. 

Badoulage, s. m. slander. 

Badoulier, s. m. slanderer. 

Baffetas, s. m. sort of coarse cotton. 

Bafouer, b^-fo5-i, v. a. to abuse, mock, 
affront, laugh at. 

Bafre,, s. f. eating, eatables, guttling, 

grand dinner. Faire bafre, to feast, guttle. 

Bafre R,ba-fra, v. n. to eat greedily, guttle. 

Bafreu-r, se, bi-fr6ur, fr?uz, s. m. &. f. a 

Ragace, s. f. sugar-cane bruised and the 
sugar extracted. 

Bagage, bi-gltr, carriage, baggage, lug- 
gage, goods. Plier or troitsser bagage, to paac 
away, march bag and baggage, go away. 

BAGARRE,ba-gir, s. r brawl, strife, quar- 
rel, squabble. 

Bagasse, s. f. quean, slut, baggage, drab. 

Bagatelle, bi-gi-t?l, s. f. trifle, toy, idle 

j thing, thing of small value, small business. 
I Dormer £ms la bagatelle, to mind trifles, 
1 busy one's self about trifles. 




buse, bat : j^une, mgute, blurre : i/i-fin, c^t, Whn 

vin ; moTi ; brun. 

Bagatelle, iiiterj. pshaw, stuff; no such 
Bagatellier, s.m. trifler, trifling fellow. 
Bagatelliste, s. m. toy-man. 
Bagne, s. m, place of confinement for 

Bagnolette, s. f a sort of head-dress for 

Bague, hkg, s. f. ring. Bagtws d'oreille, 
ear rin»s. Bagues sauves, clear, safe, unhurt. 
Ex. ll s'en est tire bagues scMiies, he is come 
eiff clear. 

Bague, Mar. hank, grommet. 

Baguenaude, b2i^-n6d, s. f. bl&dder-nut. 

Baguenauder, Mg-nA-dlijV. n. to stand 
trifling, mind nothing but trifles, fool the time 

Baguenaudier, b^g-n6-dia, s. m. tree 
\liat bears bladder-nuts. 

Baguenaudier, s. m. trifler, trifling idle fel- 

BAGUER,bcL-2^,v. a. to baste (as a tailor.) 

Baguette, M-gk, s. f. little stick, rod, 
switch, wand; gun-stick, rammer, ramrod ; 
drum-stick. Commander a la baguette, to 
command magisterially, or imperiously. A 
small moulding. Baguette dv-imiloire, forked 
hazel twig used by pretenders to find mines, 
springs, &-C. Faire passer par Us baguettes, 
to run the gauntlet. 

Baguier, bi-o-la, s. m. case or box for 

Bahut, \A.-h, s. m. trunk. 

Bahutier, bci-&-t}a, s. m. trunk-maker. 

Bai, ba, adj. bay, of a chestnut colour. 
Chexial bai, bayard, bay horse. Bai brun, 
brown bay. Bai chAtain, of a chestnut colour. 
Bai dor4, yellow dun. Bai miroiU or a mi- 
roir, bright dapple bay. 

Baie, b^, s. f. berry; bay, road at sea; 
gap (in a wall for a door or window ;) sham, 
flam, trick, bite. 

Baigner, b^-gnsl, v. a. to bathe, water, 
soak, wash. 

Baigner, v. n. to bathe, soak ; to welter. 

Se baigner, v. r. to weish, bathe, bathe one's 
self. Les gens truels se baignent dans le sang 
de leurs ennemis, cruel men bathe in the blood 
of their enemies. 

Baigneur, SE,b?-gn5ur,gn^uz,s. m. & f. 
master or mistress of a bagnio, bath-keeper ; 
also one that bathes. 

Baignoir, s. rn. bathing-place (in ariver.) 

Baignoire, b^-gnwir, s. f. bathing-tub. 

Bail, baZ, s. m. lease, pi. Baiix. 

Baille, s. f. fliar. half tub. Bailie a des- 
saler le bceuf, freshening tub. 

Baillement, \M-mhn, s.m. gaping, 
yawning, hiatus. 

Bailler, \A-lli,y. a. to give, reach, de- 
liver. Bailler h terme, to lease, farm, let out. 

BAiller, V. n. to gape, yawn ; to gape open, 
chap, crack. 

Bailleresse. V. Bailleur. 

Baillet, s. m. light red-coloured horse. 

Bailleul, s. m. bone-set'.<3r. 

Bailleur, s. m. Bailleresse, b^-/?ur, 
bA/-res, s. f. lessor, or one that lets or farms out. 
Un bailleu-de cassades or de hourdes, a stiam- 
mer or cheat. 

Bailleii, , s. m. yawner. Un hon hailletir 
en/ait bailler d^vr, yawning is catchin?. 

Bailm or Baillif, ba-fl, s. m. bailiff". 


Bailhage, s. m. bailiwick. 

Baillive, h\-l\v, s. f. bailiff's wife 

Baillon, bi-/on, s. m. gag. 

BAiLLONNER,bi-/d-na, V. a. to gag. 

Bain, bin, s. m. bath; bathing, bathing 
house, bagnio; bathing-vessel, bathing-tub. 
balneum, fin chymislry.) Bain Twine, balne- 
um mariee, boiling water in which a vessel is 
placed, containing some meat or liquors that 
require a milder heat than the naked fire. 
Ordre du bain. Order of the Bath. 

Bains, s. m. pi. baths, or waters naturally hot. 

BaIonnette, bd-yS-n^t, s. f. bayonet. 

BAToquE, s. f. baico, (a small piece of coin 
in Italy.) 

Bairam, s. m. Bairam (a solemn feast 
among the Turks.) 

Baisemain, bkz-m\n, s. m. kissing the 
lord's hand in token of vassalage ; (at Paris.) 
offerings, Easter-offerings ; audience (of th« 
Grand Seignior.) 

Baiseniains, s. m. pi. service, respects, 
compliments. Ex. Faites-lui,je yoiis prie, 
mes baisemains, present my service or re- 
spects, to him, pray remember me to him. A 
belles baisemains, adv. submissively. 

Baisement, b^z-m&n, s. m. kissing. 

Baiser, b^-z4, V. a. to kiss, buss. 

Se baiser, v. r. to kiss each other, exchan^ 
kisses ; to lie close, touch each other. 

Baiser, bJ-za, s. m. kiss, buss. 

Baiseu-r, se. b5-z?ur, ziuz, s. m. & f. 
kisser, that loves kissing. 

Baisotter, b^-zfl-ti, V, n. to be always 

Baisse, s. f. diminution, waste, decay. 

Baissk, e, adj. down, let down, bowed 
down. Se retirer la tete baissh, to sneak 
away.^o away hanging one's head. Aller 
tete baissee conire I'ennemi, to encounter the 
enemy without fear, run headlong ujwn the 

Baisser, b?-si, V. a. to let down, lower, 
I bring lower. Baisser les bords d'un chapeau. 
to flap a hat. Baisser les yeux, to look down- 
wards ; cast one's eyes down or downwards 
Baisser la voix, to let fall or depress one's 
voice. Baisser la tSte, to stoop or bow one's 
head, to nod. Baisser U pavilion, to strike the 

Baisser, v. n. to fall (in valui ), decrease, 
sink, decay, flag, lower or shorten ; to fall oi 
go down a river. Se kiisser, v. r. to sloop. 

Baiseikres, b^-si^r, s. C pi. wine when it 
approaches the lees. 

Baisure, b5-2i\r, s. f kissing crust. 

Bajoire, s. f. double-faced coin. 

Bajoue, bi-260, s. f. hog's cheek. 

Bal, bM, s. m. ball, dancing. 

Baladin, e, ba-l!l-din, din, s. m. Si, f stage 
dancer, vaulter, fop, buffoon. 

BaladinagEjS. m. gross joke, jest. 

Balafre, bi-ldfr, s. f. long gash or scar 
(on the face.) 

Balakrer, b^-lJ-fr?l, v. a. to cut, g<ish. 

BALAi,bS-l^, s. m. broom, besom, Rotir It 
balai, to live in obscurity or peiiuriously ; also 
tc sow one's wild oats, to'play one's pranks, fin 
sporting,) the tail of birds, the end of a dog's 

BALAis,bd-l^,adj.Ex. /luiis W<ns, balass 

Balance, bi-l6ns, s. f. balance; pair of 




hkr. oh, base : there, Sbb, ovSr : field, fig : r6be, rSb. I6rd : in6od, g&od. 

■cales. Emporter la balance, to outweiffh 
Faire pmclur la balance, to turn the scale. 
Etre en balance, to waver, be irresolute or in 
suspense. Mettre une chose m balance, to take 
a thing into consideration, weigh or examine 
a thing. Faire entrer une cliose en balance 
avec une autre, to put a thin|^ in llie scale 
agaiast or with another. La Balance, Libra. 
Balance, s. m. sort of dancing step whereby 
the body is poised alternately on each foot. 

Balaxcement, ba-l^ns-m?w, s. m. ba- 
lancing, poising or counterjioising. 

Balancer, bi-lin-sa, v. a. to balance, 
counterbalance, seesaw, poise or counterpoise. 
Weigh, examine, ponder or consider. 

Balancer, v. n. to be poised or balanced ; to 
boggle, waver, be floating or uncertain what 
to do ; to beat up and down. 

Se balancer, v. r. (in walking) to swing. 
Se balancer en Voir, to hover in the air. 

Balancier, bi-l&w-sia, s. m. balance- 
maker. (Roue or verge d'une horloge or d'uiie 
numtre.) balance wheel (of a clock,) die, stamp. 
Balattcier d'un touniebroche, the flyer of a 
kitchen jack. Balanciers, Mar. Balanciers de 
boussole, gimbals of a compass. Balanciers de 
lampe , rings of a lamp. Balanciers de pirogue, 
■>ut-riggers of a canoe. 

Bal-ancines, ba-l^-sln, s. f. pi. Mar. lifts. 

Balancines de misaim, fore-lifts. Balancines 
du petit liunier, fore top-sail lifts. Balancines 
du grand hunier, main-top-sail lifts. Balan- 
cines du petit perroqrcet, fore top-gallant lifts. 
Balancines du grand perroquet, main top-gal- 
lant lifts. Balancines du perroquet defougue, 
mizen top-sail lifts. Btuancines de grande 
vergue, main-lifts. Balancines de la vergue 
scene, cross-jack lifts. Balancines de la per- 
ruche, mizen top-gallajit lifts. Balancines de la 
civadiere, sprit-sail lifts or running lifls of the 
sprit-sail yard. Balaiunnes degui, topping lifts. 

BALAN901RE, bS-l^n-swA.r, s. f. a see-saw. 

Balandran or Balandras, s. m. great 
cloak for foul weather. 

Ba LAN T, s. m. Mar. bight or slack of a rope. 
Abraque le balant des boulines d^avant, steady 
fon^ard the bead bowlines. 

Balauste, bci-18st, s. f. wild pomesranate. 

Balaustier, bi-16s-tia, s. m. wild pome- 
granate tree. 

Balayer, bS.-13-ya, v. a. to sweep, clean 
with a broom. 

BALAYEU-R-SE,bS.-l5-ySur,y^uz,s. m. &f. 

Balavures, bil-l^-yur, s. f. pi. sweepings, 
what the sea throws on shore. 

Balazkes, s. f. pi. sort of cotton. 

Balbutiement, bal-bfi-sl-m^n, s. m. stut- 
leiing, stammering. 

Balbutiek, Ml-bfi-sia, v. n. to stutter, 
stammer, hesitate. 

Balcon, b^l-ko78, s. m. balcony. 

Baldaquin, b^-da-Arin, s. m. canopy. 

Bale, Basle (city.) 

Baleine, bi-lin,s.f. whale; a/«o a constel- 
. ation in the southern hemisphere ; whale-bone. 

BALEiNEAU,bi-lS-n6, or Baleikon, s. m. 
young whale. 

Balenas, bi-l?-ni, s. m. pizzle of a whale. 

Baleston, s. m. Mar. sprit (of a shoulder 
of mutton sail.) 

Balkvre, bi-l^\T, s. f. stone which juts 
out in a wall ; also under lip. 

Balise, ba-liz, s. f. Mar. beacon, buoy. 

Baliser, v. a. Mar. to lay down buoys 

Balistaire, bi-lis-t^r, s. m. manager of 
the balista among the ancients. 

Baliste, bi-l!st, s. f. bahsta (warlike ei»- 
gine used by the ancients. > 

Balivage, s. ra. clK>ice of young trees to 
be left for growth. 

Baliveau, bi-fl-vA, s. m. standard, young 
tree left for growth. 

Baliverne, bi-li-v?rn, s. f. idle stuff, idle 
tale or story, old woman's tale. 

Baliverner, b2i-li-vir-na, v. n. to pity 
the fool, trifle, tell idle stories. 

Ballade, bi-lad, s. f. ballad; refrain de 
la ballade, burden of the son». 

Ballarin,s. m. a sortofhawk. 

BALLE,bal, s. f. ball, bullet, shot. BaUe 
ramee, cross-bar shot, cross-bar. Carwn de 20 
mves de Mle, twenty -pounder, gun that carries 
a hall of 20 pounds. Enfant ile la balle, child 
of a tennis-court keeper ; also one of the same 
business with his fattier and brothers, one of 
the clan or of the same gan^. Balle, bale or 
pack; chafi'or bull (that holds the grain.) 

*Baller, v. n. to dance, skip. 

Ballet, hk-]&, s. m. ballet, interlude. 

Ballon, ba-low, s. m. foot-ball ; balloon or 
air balbon ; oar-vessel (in the country of Siam.) 

Ballonnier, ba-16-nia, s. m. foot-ball- 

Ballot, b^-l3, s. m. bale, pack. 

Ballote, V. Marrube. 

Ballottade s.f. bounding of a horse. 

Ballottage, ba-IS-tii, s. m. balloting, 

Ballotte, bil-lftt, s. f. ballot or voting 
ball ; wooden vessel for vintage. 

Ballotter, bS-1^; a, v. a. &, n. to toss, a 
term used at tennis ; (quelqu'un) to toss from 
post to pillar, play the fool vith,keep at bay, 
(tme affaire) to bandy, examine or debate. 

Ballotter, v. n. to ballot, vote by ballot. 

Balourd, e, bci-16or, lOord, s. m. &, C 
fool, tony, simpleton, loggerhead. 

BALOURDiSE,b4-lfior-diz, s. f. duH^stupid 
thing, absurdity. 

Balsamine, bil-z^-mln, s. f, sort of plant, 
crane's bill. 

Balsamique, b^l-zA-mlk, adj. balsamick. 

Balustrade, ba-liis-lr^d_. s. f. bahislrade, 

BALUSTRE,ba-lfistr, s. m. rail, baluster, 
little piliar ; small twisted column. 

Balustrer, v. a. to rail in. 

Balzan, bul-z^, s. m. bay-horse with a 
white spot on one, two, or three of his legs. 

Balzane, s. f. white spot on a horse's 

Bambin, b^-bin, s. m. babe. 

BAMBOcHADE,b^n-bft-sh?id, s. f. grotesque 
picture; composition upon mean and low 

Bamboche, b^-bflsb, s. f. large puppet; 
also shrimp, dwarf; a bamboo. 

Bambou, b?«-bdo, s. m. bamboo. 

Ban, b^H, s. m. ban, proclamation ; banish- 
ment, exile ; proscription, outlawry. Ban a 
arrihe-ban, ban and arriere-ban, proclrmation 
whereby all those that hold lands of the crown 
are summoned to sor>e the king of France in 
his wars. Ban defour et de mmlin, privilege 




biise, bflt : j^iiiie, mSute, bSurre : Mknl, c^t, liln ; vin ; more ; brun. 

of the lord of the manor, whereby his tenants 
and vassals are to grind and bake in his mills 
and ovens, pay ing him a fee for the use of them. 

Banal, e, b^MAl, adj. belongi:ig to a ma- 
Qor, common. Taureau banal, common or 
town-bull ; expression hana/e, vulgar expres- 
sion ; t4inoin hanat, knighl of the post. 

Banalite, bi-ni-li-ii, s. f.privileo^e of the 
tord of the manor, whereby he obliges his 
rassals to make use of his mill, oven, etc. 

Banane, \A-nkn, s. f. the fruit of the bana- 

Bananier, bi-n\-n?-i, s. m. banana-tree. 

Banc, bin, s. m. bench, form, seat. Banc 
ferm^ dansnneeglise, pew or seat in a church. 
Bahcs, s. pi. public disputations, public ex- 
ercises. Etre sur les bancs, to stand out a 
dispute, hold out a dispute. 

Banc, Mar. bank, shelf, etc. Banc de sable, 
sand-bank; banc de rochers, reef; banc de glace, 
field of ice or island of ice ; banc de bnuiie, fog- 
bank ; banc de jtoissons, shoal of fish ; bajic de 
rameurs, thwart of a boat. Donner a trarers 
quelqm banc, to run aCTound, strike the sands. 

Bancal-e, bSw-kir, s. m. &. f. little bandy- 
legged man or woman. 

BANCELLE,s.f. loiig narrow form Or bench. 

BANCROCHE,b^-krfish,s. m. little bandy- 
legged man. 

BANDAGE,b^-dA!r,s.m. binding up of any 
thing; bandage or ligature ; truss; iron band, 
tire of wheels. 

Bandagiste ,birt-d^-r?st,s. m. truss-maker. 

BANDE,biwd,s.f. band, fillet; link; thong; 
strip, side-bar {of a saddle:) cushion of a bil- 
liard lai)le ; bend (in heraldry.) Band, crew, 
set, company, gan^. Bandes, bands, forces. 
Bande, Mar. Iai bande du siid, the southern 
shore ; donner a, la bande, to heel, lie along, 
have a lis|| V. C(3<^. Pnnde de fer, plate 
or iron plffis ; bandes ae ris, reef bands. En 
bande, amain. 

Baxdeau, b^-dA, s. m. head-band, ban- 
dage, fillet. Le bandeau d'une I'ewrc. a widow's 
peak. Avoir un bandeau devant les yeux, to 
be blindfolded, have a veil or mist before one's 
eyes. Bandeau royal, roj'al wreath or diadem. 

Banuelette, b^td-l^t, s. f. little fillet, 
band or string. 

Bander, bin-dK, v. a. to bind, tie; to 
bend, spread ; to stretch; to cock (^re-amw ;) 
to bandy (at tennis ;) to raise ; (les yeiLx h 
quelqu'un) to blindfold or hooilwink. Bander 
son esprit, aroir I'esprit band^, to bend one's 
mind or one's self to a thing. Bander une 
voile, Mar. to line a sail round the bolt-rope, 
in order to strengthen it. Bander, v. n. to be 
tight, stretched. 

Se bander, v. r. to league ; to rise. Poit}-- 
qnoi rous bandez-ivus contre la v^riti 1 why 
do you withstand truth ? 

Bandereau, bired-rA, s. m. string for a 

BANnEROLE, bind-rSl, s. f. streamer, band- 
rol ; also fringed bandrol of a trumpet. 

BANDiiRE, s. f Mar. V. Frmt et Ordre. 

Bandit, bhv^i, %. m. bandit, banditto, 
robber, cut-throat, vagabond, highwayman. 

Bandoui.ier, b^Ti-dSo-Iia, s. m. a high- 
wayman, a vagabond. 

Bandouliere, bi^in-dSo-nir, s. f. large 
thoulder-belt, bandoleer. 

BiNDURE. s. f. kind of gentian. 

Banians, s. m. pi. East-Indian idolaters. 

Banlieue^ bin-lieu, s. f. jurisdictioii, pre- 
cinct or liberties (of a town.) 

Banne, \An, s. f. lilt or coverin* for a boat, 
sort of bcisket made with boughs, kisidof pan 
niers. Sonie say Banneau. 

Banner, bk-i\h, v. a. to cover with a tilt 

Banneret, bftn-r^, adj. m. bcumerel 
Cheralier banneret, knight-banneret. 

Banneton, b^n-to7^, s. m. cauf. 

Banni, e, adj. banished, etc. 

Banni, s. m. outlaw, banished man. 

BANNiiRE,bi-n!ir, s. f. banner, standard, 


Bannir, bi-n?r, v. a. to exile, banish, ex- 
pel, drive away, exclude. 

Bannissable, adj. banishable. 

Bannissement, bi-n!s-min,s m. banish- 
ment, exile. 

BANtiUE, bijtk, s. f. bank. 

Banqueroute, bink-rflol, s. f. bank- 
ruptcy, breaking, failure. 

Faire bamjneroiite, to break, turn bankrupt 

Banqueroutier, e, biwk-rfto-tia, ti^r, s. 
m. &. f. bankrupt. 

Banquet, bin-*?, s. m. banquet, feast; 
also part of the cheeks of a bit. 

Banqueter, birik-tA, v. n. to banquet, 
feast, jur.ket. 

*BAN<iUETEUR, s. m. feastcr. 

Banquette, bin-^t, s. f. raised way, 
little bank ; causey or causeway ; long seat 
stufied and covered. 

Banquier, bin-^-^ll, s. m. banker. 

Banquize, s. f. Mar. heap of floating ic« 
frozen together in close masses. 

Banvin,s. m. exclusive right of a lord of a 
manor to sell his own wine before any other. 

BAPTEME,bil-tim,s. m. baptism, christen- 
ing. Recetvir le Bapt^nie, to be christened or 
baptised. Tenir un enfant sur les fonts de 
bapleme, to stand god-father or god-mother to 
a child. Norn de bupteme, Christian name. 
Bapteme^ Mar. ducking (as practised in cross- 
ing the Une or tropics.) 

l?APTisER, bi-t?-za,v. a. to baptize, chris- 
ten ; also give a nick name. Bajtiser son 
vin, to put water to one's wine. 

Baptismal, E,bSp-t!s-mill, adj. baptismal. 
Les folds baptisnuxiLv, ihe font (in a church.) 

Baptiste, s. m. (St. John) the Baptist. 

Baptistaire, ha-t?s-tir, adj. of or belong- 
ing to baptism. Registre baptistaire, register 
of christenings. 

Baptistere or Baptistaire, s. m. baptistery ; 
baptistaire or extrait baptistaire, certificate of 

Baquet, b'k-k^., s. m. tub, bucket, trough. 

Baqueter, bik-ti, V. a. to scoop out 

Baquetures, bik-tur, s. f. pi. dropping* 
of wine or beer into the tap tub. 

Bar, bSr. V. Bard. 

Raracan. V. Bouracan. 

Barachois, s. m. Mar. snug anchorage 
(formed by land on one side, and a ledge that 
breciks off the sea on the other.) 

Baragouin, bi-r^-gwi«, s. m. gibberish. 

BARAGOuiNAGE,s.m. cant, gibberish, 

Baragouiner, bA-r^-pv?-nfl, v. n. to 
speak gibberish or broken language ; to pro- 
nounce oddly. 

Baragouineu-r, se, bH-rJl-gwI-n^r, 
niuz, s. m. & f one that talks gibberisU 


BAR, bit, base : th6re, ^bb, over : field, f?g : r6be, rOb, 16rd : m6od, gOod. 

Baraque, ba-ruk, s. f. barrack, soldier's 

Baraquer, ba-r<i-k?i, v n. Se baraquer, 
T. r. to make huts or barracks. 

Baratte, ba-rS,t, s. f. chum. 

Baratter, hk-x^-\k, v. a. to chum. 

Baratterie, s. f. Mar. the producing of 
a false bill of lading or making of a false en- 
try or declaration. 

Barbacane, bSr-b^-kan, s. f. hole made in 
a wall to let in or drain out the water ; loop- 
hole in a wall to shoot through ; barbacan. 

Barbacole, s. f. (a gavie) faro. Barba- 
eoie, s. m. pedagogue, school-master. 

Barbade, s. f. JJarbadoes. 

Barbare, biir-bir, adj. barbarous, mde, 
unpolished, savage, cruel, inhuman. 

Barbare, s. m. barbarian. ^ 

Barbarement, b&r-b^r-men, adv. bar- 

Barbaresque, adj. of or belonging to the 
people of Barbary. 

Barbarie, b^r-b?l.-rl, s. f. barbarity, bar- 
barousiiess, cruelty, inhumanity ; incivility, 
rudeness, rusticity, gross ignorance ; alsoBar- 
Barbarisms, bSr-b^-rism,s.m. barbarism. 
Barbe, b?irb, s. f. beard ; tail (of a comet;) 
gills (of a cock ;) lappet, pinner (of a head 
2res* ;)" barbies (disease in a horse's moidli ;) 
fins (of fat fish ;) whiskers (of a cat or ichate.) 
Faire la barbe, to trim, shave or beard. Faire 
tous les ■nuitihs dix ou douze barbes, to trim 
every morning ten or twelve people. Faire 
la barbe a quelqu'un, to affront or insult or abuse 
one. Faire la barbe a une etoj'e. to barbe or 
beard a stu ff". Rire sous barbe or dans sa barbe, 
to laugh in one's sleeve. Je le dirai a sa barbe, 
I shall tell it to his face. 11 1'afait a sa barbe, 
he has done it under his nose. Sainte Barbe, 
Mar. gun-room. Barbe d'un bordage, whood 
ends or whoodings of a plank. 

Barbe, s. m. barbe, Barbary horse. 

Barbe, e, adj. bearded. 

BARBEAU,b^r-b6,s.m. barbel ; bluebottle 

Barbei.e, e, b^rb-1^, adj. barbed, beard- 
ed ; Ftkhe barbelee, bearded-arrow. 

Barberie, b^rb-rl, s. f. art or profession 
of shaving. 

Barberot, s. m. paltry barber, shaver. 

Barbet, bilr-b5, s. m. shagged dog. 

Barbette, biir-b^t. s. f. snagged bitch ; 
also kind of stomacher for nuns. 

BARBEYER,v.n.Mar. Ex. Lavoilebarbeye, 
the sail shivers in the wind. 

Barbiche, s. f. Barbichon, b5r-b!-shora, s. 
m. a lap-dog, little spaniel. 

Barbier, b^r-bi^, s. m. barber. 

BARBiiRE, s. f. barber's wife, female sha- 

Barbifier, v. a. to shave. 

BARBiLLON,bir-b!-/on,s. m. little barbel; 
also the barbies. V. Barbe. 

Barbon, b?br-bon, s. m. old dotard, grey 

Barbon, he, adj. morose, peevish, slo- 

Barbonnage, 8. m. old age, peevislmess, 

Barbote, b^r-b5t, s. f. eel-pout. 

BARBOTER,b^r-b&-ta, v. n. to gobble (like 
a dtick;) to mumble, mutter, grumble. 

BARB0TEUR,b^r-b6-t^ur,s.m. tame duck 
Barboteuse, s. f. harlot ; termagant. 

Barbotine, s. f. worm-seed. 

Barbouillage, bar-bfio-/5^, s. m. dau 
bing; scribbling; nonsense.^ 

Barbouiller, blLr-bfio-/a, v. a. to dauU 
To daub or foul ; to perplex, confound ; to 
scribble, waste paper. Feuille qui barbouilk 
(in printing,) sheet full of monks or blots 
Se barbouuier, v. r. to daub one's self ; (I'es' 
prit,) to puzzle one's self, confound one's 

Barbouilleu-r, se, b&r-bfto-/?ur. /6uz, 
s. m. & f. dauber ; scribbler, paltry writer. 

Barbu, E, b^r-bfi, bii, adj. bearded, fjl! 
of beard, that has a great beard. 

Barbue, s. f. dab (kind offsh) also quick- 
set wine. 

Barbuquet, s. m. chap or scab on ihe 

Barcarolle, s. f. a Venilian ballad. 

Bard, s. m. hand-barrow ; also barbel. 

Bardache, s. m. catamite, pathick,i)igic. 

Bardane, b^r-dS.n, s. f. burdock. 

Barde, b^rd, s. f. barb, horse-armour; 
sort of great saddle, horse-cloth stuffed ; thin 
broad slice of bacon (wherewith pullets, ca- 
pons, etc. are sometimes covered instead of 
basting them.) 

Barde, s. m. bard, ancient poet. 

Barde, e, adj. barbed; also covered with 
a slice of bacon. 

Bardeau, b^r-dif, s. m. shingle. 

Bardelle, b^r-d§l, s. f. mean saddle 
(made of cloth and straw.) 

Barder, bar-di, v. a. to barb (a horse) 
also to cover with a slice of bacon. 

Bardeur, s. m. a day-labourer who car- 
ries the hand-barrow. 

Bardis, s. f. Mar. water-boards, weather- 

Bardot, bar-dft, s. m. small mule; also 
drudge, and among booksellers, hack. 

Baret, s. m. cry of an elephant. 

Barge, bar2,s. f. bird not unlike a cur- 
lew ; barge ; hay-cock ; bundle of faggots. 

Barg uiGNAGE, hl.T-g'i-^iAz , s. m. hawing, 

Barguigner, bRr-jg-!-gni, v. n. to haw, 

Barguigneu-r, se, b?ir-^!-gnJur, gn^uz, 
s. m. &- f. one that stands hawing, haggler. 

Baril, bil-rl, s. m. barrel, rundlet, small 
cask. Baril de galere, Mar. breaker. 

Barillar, s^m. officer in a galley who 
takes care of the wine and water. 

Barillet, b?i-rl-/6, s. m. barrel (of a 
watch ;) also small rundlet, cask or banel. 

Barioi.age, hK-rib-lkz, s. m. medley or 
confused mixture of colours. 

Bariole, e, adj. speckled, variegated. 
Feres bariolees, French beans, kidney-beans. 

Barioler, b^-r5S-la, v. a. to speckle, 
streak or daub with several colours. 

Barlong, s. m. parallelogram. 

Barlong,ue, adj. disproportionately long. 


Barnachew Barnacle, or Barna<iue, 
s. f. barnacle, (sort of goose.) 

BAROMETRE,b^-r5-m^tr,s. m. baromelei 

Baron, b^-rort, s. m. baron. 

Baronnage, s. ra. baronage; a comic 



bilise, b&t, : j^uiie, m^ute, blurre : e»fi.nt, c^t, Mhi : vin : mon : bruw. 

Baronne, ba-rOn, s. f. baroness. 

Baronnet, ba-rft-nS, s. m. baronet. 

Baron NiE, b4-rd-nl, s. f. barony. 

Baroque, bi-r6k, adj. rough; irregular, 
uneven, odd. 

Barque, bSirk, s. f. bark, great boat, light- 
er. Savnir Men conduire sa barque, to kiiow 
how to carry one's self. Conduire la barque, 
lo be the ringleader in a business. Barque 
d'avis, advice boat. Barque de piclicur, lish- 
ing-boat ; barque de cliarge, lighter. 

Barquee, s. f. boat-load of goods or stores, 
etc. Barqiiee de lest, ten tons of ballast. 

Barquerolle,s. f. little bark or boat. 

Barquette, s. f. kind of pastry- work like 
a boat. 

Barrabas, (this word is used in tliis pro- 
vervial expression, viz.) Cela est commun or 
eonnu coniiite Barrabas a la passion, that is 
as common as the highway. 

Barrage, bi-r4z, s. m. kind of toll, to 
keep roads in repair. 

Barrager, b^-ra-2a,s. pi. he that gathers 
the toll, turn-pike man. 

Barre, bir, s.; cross-bar; bank of 
saud. Baz-re de liaison, division, hyphen. 
Barres, barriers, prison-bars. Jouer a barres 
stires, to play a sure game, go upon sure 
ground. Barres, that part of a horse's jaw 
where the bit rests. 

Barre, Mar. bar, traiisom, tiller, helm, 
tree, etc. Barre d'arcasse, transom. Barre 
da gouvemait, tiller, helm. Barre framlie, 
tiller that works upon deck wiliiout a wheel. 
Barre de recliange, spare tiller. Barre d^ 
cabestan, capstan bar. Barre du premier 
pont, deck transom. Barre de la soute du 
rtmitre cuTumnier or barre premiere uu-dessus 
du premier pont, first transom. Barre 
d'ecusson, counter transom. Barre mailresse 
de hune, trestletree. Barre traversikre de 
hune, crosstree. Barre de perrmiuet, top 
mast crosstree. Barre d'ecoiUille, hatch-bar. 
Barre de vindas, hand spike, bar of the 
windlass. Barre au bout de L^etambort, helm- 
post transom. Barre die remplissage ; filling 
transom. Bdbord hi barre, port the helm. 
Change la barre, shift the helm. Dresse la 
barre, right the helm. Droit la barre, put 
the helm a midships. La barre au vent, up 
wiih the helm. La barre dessous, down 
with the helm. Mollis la barre, ease the 
helm. S^n'torrf /a iarre, starboard the helm. 
Faire attention h la barre; to mind the 

Barre, e, adj. barred, etc. V. Barrer. 

Barreau, bi-r6,s. m. little wooden or iron 
bar, rail ; court, bar. Gens de barreau, law- 
yers, counsellors, etc. Frequenter le barreau, 
to follow the law, to be often hearing or 
pleading causes. 

Barrer, ba-ra, v. a. to bar, shut with a 
bar ; lo stop ; to bar or scratch out ; une veine, 
to sear a vein (of a horse.) Barrer un bd- 
timeiil, Mar. to give a ship too much helm 
so as to yaw her about. Attention a ne jms 
barrer le bdtiment, don't give her so much 

Barrette, hh-rh, s. f. cap or bonnet. 
J'ai hien parU h sa harreUe, I have rattled 
Slim to some tune. 

Bahkicade, bi-ri-kad, s. f barri- 

II Barricader, bi-ri-k^-dl, v. a. to barri- 
cade. Se barricader, v. r. to barricade one's 

Barriere, bi-rlir, s. f, rail, field-gate, 
turn-pike; bar, let, hindrance, obstacle; 
barrier ; list, place to fight in ; barrier, start- 
ing place ; combat a la barriere, tilt, tilting. 
Barrih-e de sergens, publick place where 
bailiffs are to be found. 

Barrique, bi-rik, s. f. French hogshead, 

Barrot, s. m. Mar. beam (of the quarter 
deck, poop and fore castle,) small beam 
(placed between larger ones.) 

Barroter, v. a. Mar. to load chock up to 
the beams. 

Barrotin, s. m. Mar. ledge, (put across 
the beams in French ships of war in order to 
strengthen the decks ;) barrotinsde caillebotis, 
ledges of the gratings^ 

Barses, s. f. pi. cariiSter or pewter chest 
wherein tea is brought from China. 

Bartarvelle, s. f. sort of red partridge. 

Bas, se, adj. low, shallow; lower; low, 
mean, pitiful, base, vile, sordid, poor ; inferior, 
subaltern. Les eaux smit basses chez lui, 
things are at a low ebb with him. Avoir la 
vtie basse, to be purblind or short-sighted. 
Faire main basse, to put all to the sword. 
Basse or basse-contre (in musick) base or 
bass. V. Haul. Basse continue, thorough 
base. Basse de viole, base viol. Basse-taiue, 
counter tenor. Basse-cour, lower court, in- 
ner yard, poultry yard. Basse-fosse, dungeon. 
Les Put/s-Bas, the Low Countries, the Ne- 
therlands. Basse Alsace, Lower Alsatia. Bas 
Breton, language of Lower Britany. C'est 
du bas Breton ])our nioi, that is Ilebrew lo 
me, I don't understand that gibberish. Le 
cartme est bas. Lent is forward or early. 
Bas-relief, basso relievo. Le bas peuple, 'he 
commor people, the vulgar, the mob. Les 
basses cartes, the small cards. Sorti de bas 
Hen, meanly extracted or born. A basset 
notes, in a low lone of voice. Bas, Mar. 
Bas-fond, shoal, shallow, flat. Bas mdts, 
lower masts, standing masts. Bas-bord, V. 
Bdbord. Vaisseau de bas-bord, low built 
ship, small ship. Basse, shallow, shoal, flat. 
Basse mer or 7ner basse, low-water. Riviere 
basse, shallow river. Basses voiles, courses. 
Temps bas, cloudy weather. 

Bas, hk, s. m. stocking ; ban-icade with 
netting; hose. Vendeur de bas, hosier. 
Bas, s. m. (jxirtie inferieure) bottom, low- 
er part or foot (of a thing.) Le bas d'une 
montagne, the foot or bottom of a hill. Le 
vin est au bas, the wine runs low or draws 
towards the lees or dregs, 

Bas, adv. down, low. Mettre bas les 
armes, to ground arms. Parler bas, lo speak 
low or soitly. Jcuer argent bas, to play for 
ready money. E est hasperce or it est bas, 
>it is low with him, he is low of purse, Mettre 
\ bas, to bring forth (as beasts do.) JA-bas, 
below ; also yonder. En-bas, <Iown, below. 
A bas, upon the ground. Son rigne est h 
bas, there is an end of his reign. A bas, 
down or come down. Mettre le pavilion bas, 
to strike the flag. Ici-bas, here below. Let 
choses d' ici-bas sont perissables, the things of 
Uiis world are frail. 

Basalte, s. m. basalt. 



b^r, bilt, base : th^re, ^bb, ovgr : field, f?g: nSbe, r5b, Iflrd : m<!>od, gflod. 

Basane, s. f. sheep-skin leather. 
BasanI, e, hh-zii-iA, adj. tawny, sun- 
burnt, of a swarthy complexion. 

Bascule, bis-Afil, s. f. swipe or sweep {0/ 
a well,) seesaw ; swing-p^ate. 

Base, biz, s. f. base, Basis, foundation, bot- 

Baser, v. a. to base or found upon. 

Basilic, ba-«I-l?k, s. m. ba«i!isk, cocka- 
trice. (Herb,) sweet-basil. 

Basilicon, s. m. basilicon, {ointment.) 

Basilique, b?t-zl-l5k, adj. basilick. Ex. 
Xtf veine basilique, the basilick vein. 

Basilique, s. f. court of justice, great 
kail. A great churc'i «• temple. 

Basin, ba-ziw, s. m. dimity. 

Basicglosse, s. m. basiogloss (muscle 
which is tlie abductor of the tongue.) 

Basoche, b^-zftsh, s. f. company and ju- 
risdiction of lawyers' clerks in the parliament 
of Paris, having among them a king, a chan- 
cellor, and their peculiar laws. Le roi de la 
basoche, the master of misrule. 

Basochien, s. m. lawyer's clerk o/- officer 
of the company of lawyers' clerks. 

Basque,, s. f. skirt of a doublet. 

Basque, s. m. that is of Biscay. Basque. 
Tour de Basqtie, clever trick, legerdemain. 
Aller du pied comme un Basque, or courir 
eomme un Basque, to be swififooted. Le 
Basque, language of the Biscayans or of the 
people of Biscay. 

Bassa. V. Bacha. 

BASSEjbIs, feminine of i?a5. V. J9a*. adj. 

Bassement, bis-m&», adv. meanly, poor- 
ly, pitifully. 

Bassesse, b^-s&, s. f. meanness, lowness, 
base or mean or unworthy action, low ex- 

Basset, b^s^, s. m. terrier, terrier-dog. 

Basset, te, adj. of low stature. 

Bassette, bl-s^t, s. f. a game at cards, 

Bassile, s. f. a sort of plant. 

Bassin, ba-si«, s. m. basin ; (close stool) 
pan ; scale ; wet dock, basin, dock, basin of a 
dock. Bassin de raJdoub, dry dock. Eire 
dans le bassin, to be in dock. Mettre un 
bdtiment dans le bassin, to put a sliip into 

Bassine, bi-s?n, s. f. deep wide pan. 

BASSiNER,b^-s?-nSL, V. a. to warm with a 
warming-pan ; ^ (fomenter) to bathe, foment. 

Bassinet, ba-s1-n&, s. m. crow-fooi, butter- 
flower; pan, touch-pan (of firearms.) 

Bassinoire, b^-si-nwir,s.f warming-pan. 

Basson, hk-son, s. m. bassoon. 

*Bastant, e, adj. sufficient. 

Baste, bast, s. m. the ace of clubs. 

Baste, adv. & interj. granted, well, well 
enough, lei it be so. 

*Baster, v. n. to be sufficient or enough, 
suffice. L'affaire baste mal, the business does 
not go well. 

Bast£rne,s. f. itter used by the Roman 
matrons. * 

Bastide^ s. f. country house in the south 
of France. 

Bastille, bSs-tIZ, s, f. Bastile. 

Bastingage, s. ni.Mar. aei. Filets debas- 
imgage, netting. 

Bastinguk, s. f. Mar netting. 

Basting uer,«m 7-nisseau,\. a. Mar. to 
harricade a ship or slieiler her crew by means 

of netting. Se bastinguer, v. r. Mar. to se- 
cure one s self by means of netting. 

Bastion, bSs-ti-ow, s. m. bastion, bulwark, 

B\stonnable, adj. that deserves to be 

Bastonnade, bls-tfl-nad, s. f. bastinado 

Bat, bi, s. m. pack-saddle, pannel; tail 
(of a fish.) ClteicU de bat, pack-horse, dull 
heavy fellow. 

Batail, s. m. clapper of a heA. 

Bataille, hk-ikl, s. f. battle, fight 

Bataille rangee, field or pitched battle. 
Cheval de batuille, war-horse. Mettre or 
ranger une armee ai bataille, to draw up an 
army in battle airay. 

Batailler, bi-ti-Zi, V. n. Ex. Ilm'a 
bienfallu batailler pour I'obtenir, I was fain to 
struggle hard for it. 

Bataillon, b^-t^-/ort, s. m. battalion. Ba- 
taillon carr^, hollow square. 

Batard, e, hii-\kr, tiid. s. m. & f. bas- 
tard, illegitimate ; mongrel. Une jriece de 
canon batarde, a demi-cannon or demi-culve- 
rin. Bdtard de racage. Mar. pairel, parrel- 
rope, truss. 

Batardeau, bi-t&r-d6, s. m. dam, dike. 

Bat ARDiERE, s. f nursery for young trees 

Batardisk, bi-tlr-dlz, s. f. bastardy. 
Dr&'.t de butardise, right of inheriting the ef- 
fects of a bastard dying intestate. 

Batate, V. Palate. 

Batayole, s. f. Mar. Batayole de la jwu 
laine, iron-hoise. Batayoles, stanchions and 
rails of the netting. Batayoles des hunes, 
stanchions and rails of the tops. Batayoles 
■pour le bastingage, barricade. 

Bate, e, adj. (from bAter) saddled with a 
pack-sacldle. C'est wi dne bold, he is a block- 
nead or a dunce. 

Bateau, bi-t6, s.m.boat ; bwlv (ofacar- 
riage.) Bateau courert d'un tendelet ou d'unt 
toile, tilt boat. Bateau de passage, wher- 
ry, ])assage boat. Bateau deprorision, bum- 
boat. Bateau lesteur, ballast lighter. Ba 
teau de loch, log. Bateau de plazsance, plea- 
sure-boat. Bateau Bermudien, sloop. Ba- 
teau d'ojice, boat employed by ships of war 
for bringing off fresh provisions, etc. when in 

Batelage, blt-Er, s. m. juggling, jug- 
gler's trick, legerdemain; afeo waterman's fare. 

BatelIe, bit-la, s. f. boat-load, boat-full, 
fare ; also crowd, pack, flock of people. 

Batelet, bat-l^, s. m. little boat. 

BatePEU-r, se, bit-l^ur, l^uz, s. m. Sl f. 
juggler, puppet-player, buffoon, mountebank. 

Batelier, bSt-M, s. m. wate"man. 
Bater, bk-\.k, V. a. to saddle with a pack- 

Bati, e, adj. built, etc. V. Bdtir. Maison 
mal b&tie, ill-built or ill-contrived house. 
Hlmvme mal bati, ill-shaped man. 

Batier, bci-t?i, s. m. saddler, maker or 
seller of pack-saddles. Un sot bdiier, silly 
fellow, booby, clown. 

Batifoler, b&-t!-f&-li, v. n. to play lika 
children, romp. 

Batiment, bi-tl-m?n, s. m. building, edi- 
fice, structure, fabric. B&timent, Mai-, ves- 
sel, ship, sail, man. Batiment a pompt 
eiroite, pink-stemed ship. BMment h poupe 
Carrie, square-stemed snip. BcUimerd noH' 




bitse, bAt : jiime, m^ute, bJiirre : ^tfiint, c^wt, Her* ; vin ; mon ; brun. 

frag^, wreck ; bMiment arvie en course, pri- 
vateer, letter of marque. BMiment arine en 
/lute, store-ship. Batirnent anw en guerre, 
vessel equipped for fighting. Bdtiment arm4 
tn guerre et marchandises , armed merchant- 
man. Batirnent Barbaresque, vessel of the 
coast of Barbary. Bdtitnent bien assis sur 
I'eau, vessel that sits well on the water. Bd- 
timerit bien smttenu del'avant, ship with a full 
bow. Batirnent bien lailte de I'avant, vessel 
very sharp forward. Bat intent bien et-ide de 
r«rr?ere, ship with a clean run aft. Bativient 
bien suivi dans ses proportion, vessel of 
good proixjrtions. Batirnent taille pour la 
tnarclie, vessel built for sailing fast. Bati- 
rnent tree- fin dans ses fonds, sharp-bottomed 
vessel. BAtinient senma de magasin, ship 
used as a repository for stores. Batirnent 
servant h transpoi-ter des vicres, victualler. 
Batirnent acfiete pour le service de la marine, 
vessel purchased into the service. Bc'ttiment 
servant de prison, prison-ship. Batiinent 
servant d'hopital, hospital-ship. Batirnent 
terre-neuvier, banker, Newfoundland fishinp; 
vessel. Batirnent pecheur, fishing vessel. 
Batirnent de transport, transport. Bati- 
rnent de commerce, trading-vessel. Batimeni 
de la compagnie des Irules, India-man, East 
India-man, efc. Batirnent de charge, vessel 
of burden. Batirnent ennemi, enemy. Bd- 
timent nevire, neutral vessel. Bdiinierd 
et ranger. Foreign vessel. Bdtiment char- 
bonnier, collier. Bdtiment contrebandier, 
smuggler. Bdtiment croiseur, cruiser. Bd- 
timent Jlibustier, freebooter. Bdiiment pi- 
rate or forban, pirate. Bdtiment inarchand, 
merchant-man. Bdtiment nkgrier, Guinea- 
man. Bdtiment null li4, vessel badly put 
together. Beau bdtiment, fine vessel.' Joli 
bdtiment, handsome vessel. Bon bdiiment, 

food vessel. Mautais bdtiment, bad vessel. 
idtiment condamn^, condenmed vessel. Bd- 
timent largrmnt de patout, crazy vessel. 
Bdtiment trompeur or de pen d'apparence, 
deceitful looking vessel. Bdtiment t res mani- 
abte, handy vessel. Bdtiment ramass^, snug 
vessel. liuliment fort or ay ant un fort 
ec}mntHlon, strong built vessel. Bdtiment 
craquelin or foible, weak vessel. Bdtiment 
nevf, new vessel. Bdtiment vieux or \rieux 
bdtiment, old vessel. Bdiiment canard, ves- 
sel that pitches deep. 

Batik, b4-t!r, v. a. to build; to baste, 
make long stitches. Bdtir sa fortune, to build 
or raise one's fortune. 

Batissk, hk-tls, s. f. building. 

Batisseur, ba-tl-s^ur, s. m. builder, one 
Uiat builds much, one fond of building. 

Batiste, hl-t?st, s. f. cambrick. 

Baton, hk-ion, s. m. stick, staff, cudgel. 
Bonner des coups de bdtmi a, to cwlgel. 
BcUon de Jacob, Jacob's staff. Bdton a deux 
bouts, quarter-staff. Bdton de commande- 
ment, staffer truncheon of command. 1'our 
du bdton, by-profits, by-gains, perquisites. 
Tirer au court bdton aivc quelqn'un, to try 
maileries or strive or contend with one. 
Baton de rieillesse, support of one's old age. 
Faire qnetqw chose a batons rompiis, to do 
a thing by snatches, or by fits and starts. Je 
wuis iur cette mati^re tr^s-assure de mem 
Udim, I am sure of the thing. Baton. Mar. 
Waff, boom, stick, spindle. Bdton de cmn- 

mandement, eiisipi-staff, flag-staff at the mast 
head. Bdton denseigne or de pavilion, flag- 
staff. Bdton de foe, jib-boom. Bdton de 
clin-foc, flying jib-boom. Bdton de JUanme, 
stick of a pendant. Bdt.on de gaffe, boat- 
I hook staff. Bdton de girouetle, vane spindle. 

Batonnee, s. f. as much water as comes 
out of a pump every time it plays. 

Batonner, bk-t6-n^, v. a. to strike out 
efface, cancel ; also to draw lines under those 
passages which require particular attention. 

Batonnet, s. m. cat, tipcat, (plaything.) 

Batonnikr, bi-tft-nia, s. m. chief oAne 
counsellors of the parliament of Paris. Baton- 
nier d'line confrerie, staffman of a company. 

Batrachite, s. f. a sort of green anu hol- 
low stone. 

Battage, ba-t^, s. m. threshing. 

BATTANT,adj. beating. Bortir tartboitr 
battant, to come out drum beating. Ce tisse- 
rand en soie a trente metiers battans ; thai silk- 
weaver has thirty looms going. 
*Batiant-nenf, brand-new, fire-new. 

Battant, bn-t^n, s.m. clapper (of a bell,) 
fold of a door. Porte a deux battans, folding; 
door, two leaved door. Battant, Mar. fly. 
Ballant d^un pavillc^i, etc. fly of an ensign, 

BATTANT-L'oEiL,s.m. French night head- 
dress or dishabille. 

Batte, bat, s. f. rammer, paving-beetle, 
commander. Batte de cimentier, dauber's 
I beetle. BuHe de blanchisseuse, small slop- 
ing bench whereon the washer-women beat 
ami soap their linen. Batte df. selle, bolster 
of a saddle. Batte r) beurre, chum-staff. 

Battement, biit-m^n, s. m. beating. 
Battement de mains, clapping of hands. Bat- 
temertt de pieils, stamping of the feet. Batte' 
mejit du gosier, shake (in musick.) 

Batte RiE, bit-rl, s. f. battery, fighting, 
scuflle, squabble ; particular way of playiiie 
upon the guitar, or of beating the drum ; (tfi 
canon) a l>attery of ordnance ; (de ctiisine) 
funi itii re ; co ver ( of tlie pan of a gun. ) Bat- 
terie, Mar. battery, etc. Les pieces en bat- 
terie, run out your gxnis. Batteries Jlottan- 
tes, floating battery. Batterie qui s'adapte h 
la culasse d'un canon, lock applied to the 
breech of a cannon. Votre vaisseati a une 
belle batterie, your ship carries her guns a 
good height out of the water. Ce raisseau 
a 5 pieds 9 voiwes de batterie, that ship's low- 
est gun-deck port is 5 feet 9 inches above 
the surface of the water. 

Battkur, ba-l<^ur, s. m. beater. Batteur 
fi'or, gold-beater. Batteur de bli or batteur 
en grange, thresher. Vn batteur de pavi 
or de chemin, a rambler, a man that is al- 
ways rambling up and down the streets ; also 
a padder or vagabond. Batteurs d'estrade 

Battense d^or, s. f. woman gold-beater. 

Battoir, b^-twir, s. m. beetle, battledore. 

Battologie, b§L-t6-l5-«l, s. f. tautology, 
needless repetition, 

Battre, b?itr, V. a. to beat, strike. BtA' 
tre les enwmis,\o beat the enemy, get the bet- 
ter of them. Battre de quelqne raison, to beat 
down with an argument. Battre une inlle en 
mine, to batter down a town. Battrt 
quelqn'un en mine, to run one down, to put 
hJin to a nonj)lus. Battre le fer, to fence 




bir, bat, oase: th^re, dbb, over : field fig: r6be, r5b,ldrd : in<!>od, gOod. 

tilt. Hfmd baitre kfer tandis qu'il est cltaud^ 
we must strike the iron while it is hot. But- \ 
tre la campagne or I'estrade, to scour the 
country for intelligence. Baitre h semelle, 
to beat the hoof, foot it, travel a foot. Baitre 
bie?i du pays, to travel a great way. Baitre 
moimde, to coin, mint money. Baitre du 
Lie, to thresh grain. Baitre le beurre, to 
churn ni'lk. lialtre les cartes, to sliufHe the 
cards. La riviere bat les mwailles de la vil/e. 
the river Injats against {or runs close by) the 
wall of the town. Baitre le pave, to ramble 
ahout, run up and down the streets. 

Battre la diane, JMar. to beat the reveille ; 
baitre la retraite, to beat the retreat. 

Battre, v. n. to beat. Le cccur me bat, m^' 
heart beats, pants, or goes pit-a-pat. Battre 
des mains, to clap, apjiiaud. Battre de I'aile 
or des ailes, to flap or flutter. 

Se battre, v. r. to fight. Se battre en diiel, 
to fight a duel, on se bat pour avoir du pain, 
people struggle hard to get bread. 

Battu, e, adj. beaten, beat, etc. V. Bailre. 
Vcus aiiez les yeux balttis, your eyes look 
black and blue. Battu de I'orage' or de la 
lempite, tossed by the wind, weather-beat- 

Aidant raut-il etre bieit iattu que mat battu, 
over shoes, over boots. 

Battue, ba-ti'i, s. f. beating. Faire la 
battue, to beat the bushes, etc. in order to 
spring or start the game. 

Battukk, s. f.Mai. shallow, shoal. 
Bau, s. m. Alar. beam. De»ii-buu, he'f- 
beam. Mailre-bau, mid ship beam. Baii de 
rcltis, cellar beam. Faux baux, orlop 
beams. I 

BAfiBi, s. m. sort of hunting dog (for 
hares, foxes, and boars.) 
Baud, s. m. sort of stag-hound. 
*Baudement, adv. joyfully, merrily. 
Baudet, bA-d^, s. m. ass; aJso stupid 
fellow ; horse, block, trestle ; hammock. 

Baudir, v. a. to set dogs or hawks on with 
the horn and voice. 

Baudrikk, b<!)-dr?-a, s. m. belt, king belt, 
shoulder-belt, baldrick. 

Baudruche, b6-drflsh,s. m. gold-beater's 

Bauge, bfl^, s. f. soil of a wild boar; a 
kind of mortar made of clay and straw. A 
bauge, adv. plentifully, in plenty. 

Baumk, Mm, s. m. balsam ; balm, balm 
mint. Bamite, s. f Mar. spanker ; ex. (rui 
de haunts or de briganline, spanker boom. 1 
Baumiek,s. m. balm-tree. 
BAuquiEREs, s. f. pi. Mar. clamps. 
BAUX,b6,s. m. (the plural of bail) leases; 
also (the plural of oau) beams, etc. 

Bavard, s. m. Bavardk, bi\-vi\r, viird, 
J, f. babbler, blab, idle prater, prattling silly 
fellow or woman ; also boaster, cracker, 
bouncing or boasting fellow, romancer. 

Ba V AKI>AC£, s. m. the act of prating, blab- 

Bavarder, bi-vSr-da, v. n. to boast, 
crack or botmee, romance. 

Bavarderie, bi-v^rd-rl, s. f. bouncing, 
cracking, boasting, idle prattling. 

BAVAROisE,bi[-va-rwaz, s. f. tea sweet, 
ened wiili syrup of capillaire. 
Bave, bivj s. f. foam, slaver, slabU'ring, 


Baver, b'd-va, V. n. to foam, slaver, slal>- 
ber, drivel ; to be salivated. 

Bavette, bd-v6t, s. f. bib, slabbering bib. 
Tailier des bavettes, to chat, gossip. 

Baveu-x, se, bS.-veu, veuz, adj. & s. m. 
& f. slabbering, slabberer, slabber-chaps. 
Baveuse, sort of sea-fish. Cliair baveuse 

Baviere, s. f. Bavaria ; de baviere, of o» 
from Bavaria, Bavarian. 

BAVocnE,E,adj. (in engraving) notcleanlj 
cut or stamped or printed. Epreuve bavocliee, 
proof that wants neatness, foul proof. 

Bavochure, s. f. print not clearly cut ot 

Bavolet, bii-v6-l§, s. m. kind of head- 
dress worn by country-women. 

Bavolette, s. 1. (celle qui parte un ba- 
volet) country-lass. 

Bayer, ii-yk, v. n. to gape, to look for a 
long time at a thing with one's mouth open. 
Baijer aux corneilks, to stand gaping or look- 
ing sillily at every trifling thing. Bayer 
apres uns chose, to gape or hanker after a 

Baveu-r, se, b^-ySur, yiuz, s. m. &. f. 

Bazar, s. m. publick market (in the East} 
or place where slaves are shut up. 

Bdellium, s. m. Bdellium (sort of tree or 
its aromatick gum.) 
Be, ba, llie bleating of sheep. 
B^ant, e, hh-hi, hn, adj. open, wide 
open, gaping ; Imiche bMnte, open mouth. 

Beat, e, ba-S,&t, s. devout or> holy per- 
son, saint, bigot or bypi.crite. 

Beatification, hi-^-t!-f1-kS.-sion, s. f. 

Beatifier, v. a. to beatify or pronounce 

B^ATiFiquE, bSi-S.-tI-fik, adj. beatifical, 

Beatilles, b<\-^-l!/, -s.f. pi. tit-bits, dain- 
ty-bits (such as cocks combs,sweet-breads,e;c.) 
' Beatitude, ba-a-tl-t&d, s. f.. beatitude, 
bliss, blessedness. 

Beau, bA, adj. Formerly several words 
ended iu el, wliose tennination is now 
eau. In adjectives, however, the mcisculine 
termination el is preserved before substantives 
b«^niiing with a vowel or h mute, and as an 
alnx to certain names. The feminine of these 
adjectives is formed from the jirimitive ter- 
mination el by doubling the/ and adding an e 
mute. Thus beau m. oecomes bel m. before 
a vowel or h mute, l>eUe in the ieminine, and 
in the plural beaux for the roasc. and belles 
for the fern. Ex. Un beau garqon, a fine 
bov ; un bel honime, a handsome man ; un 
Ae/^azV, a fine air; une belle fernme, a hand- 
some .woman, etc. de beaux garqons, fine 
bo3's ; de beaux fummes, handsome men ; de 
beaux airs, fine airs ; de belles femmes, hand- 
some women ; Philippe-le-Bel, Philip the 
fair. Ce que vous diles la est bel et ban, what 
you are saying is pretty good or well onoujjh. 
Beau, belle, etc. fine, handsome, comiJly, 
pretty, beautiful, neat, fair ; delicate ; curious, 
pleasant, excellent ; lucky, happy, favoura- 
ble ; decent, seemly. Ceta n'est pas du beau 
stiik, that is not elegant. Faire beau semblant 
a quelfiu'un, to keep or carry it fair with one 

'\ II Va traJii, sous ftn beau seviblant d'amitU 





buse. bul: ieiine, meutc, beiirrc : hifiini, c5«l, Yihi 

vi7» ; ma/j . 


he has belravetl him under the pretence of 
friendship. Le beau inon-le. the beau inoiulc, 
fine people, gentlemen and ladies. Le beau 
sexe, the fair sex, ladies, women, the fair. 
Jmier beau or grand Jen, to play deep or 
high. Un beau mangeur, a great eater, a 
high feeder. Beau Joiieiir, one that plays 
fair and never frets at play. Avoir les amies 
belles, to fence well. Dormer beau jcu a, to 
give fair play to. Payer a beaux denien 
camptaris, to pay ready money. Bean (ironi- 
cally.) Voila <nd est beau, voiis lever a midi ! 
jou are a fine man indeed, to rise at twelve 
o'clock! Voila une bdle ecfuipeel that is a 
fine plot indeed. // lui arraclui Vornlle a 
belles dents, he bit his car ofl" cleverly ! 11 1'a 
Miappe belle, he escaped it very narrowly. 
liecommencer de pbis belle, to begin a- fresh 
or more earnestly than before. La bailler or 
dormer belle a; quelqu^un, to bamboozle or 
banter one. La vtaiiqiter belk, to have a 
narrow escape. Beau-pcre, father-in-law. 
Belle-mere, mother-in-law. Beau-fils, son-in- 
law. Belle-fille, daughter-in-law. Beau-frere, 
brother-in-law. Belle-sceur, sister-in-law. 

Bfau, s. m. excellence, beauty, efc. Jmndre 
ensemble le beau et I'effroyalile, to join to- 
gether the fair and the foul. Le beau des 
tnun^es est de represenler la chose coinme elle 
s'est passh, the excellency of images is to 
make true representations of things. // fair 
beau, (il fait beau temps,) it is fine weather. 
II fait beau se prom^ver, it is fine walking or 
agreeable to walk. II fait beau voir ce g-^-W- 
ral a la tete de ses troupes, it gives one 
pleasure to see that general at the head of his 
troops. Vest une cerhnonie qu'il /era beau 
voir, it is a ceremony which it will be agreea- 
ble to see. See the obs. on falloir. l^out beau ! 
inter), hold, hold there, fair and softly, not so 
fast! Tout beau! ne parlez pas si hunt, soMy'. 
do not speak so loud. Tout beau ! we voiis 
fache:-pas, peace, peace! be not angry. 
Mettre une chose uans un beau jour, to 
explain clearly. II y a beau temps' or beau 
jour que je ne Cai vu, it is a long time since 
1 saw him. E refusa bieu et beau or bel et 
beau, he utterly refused. Peindre quelqu'mt 
en beau, to paint or set one off to the best ad- 
vantage. Vous avez beau chasser le chagrin, 
il reviejd toiifours ; drive away .sorrow ever 
so m-jch, it will return; you may drive away 
sorrow as much as it is in your power, still it 
will return ; in vain you repeatedl}- drive 
away sorrow, it will return, etc. J'ai beau Put- 
tendre, il iu>. Hendra jias ; it is useless for me 
to wait for him, he will not come. Elle. a beau 
/aire, elle n^en riendr?. pas a bout, let her do 
what she can, she will not succeed or bring 
it about. Vous avez beati dire et beau /aire, il 
rhissira dans son pw/reprwc, whatever you may 
say and do he will succeed in his enterprise ; 
you may (kt you) ;say and do whatever von 
please, he will "succeed in his enterprise. Mes 
affaires auroienl <»« becm etre pressanles 
(quelqtu pressantes qu'eussenl etenies affaires) je 
n aurois pus laissi de vous ecrire, how press- 
ing soever my aflairs had been, I would 
have written to you. 

Beaucoup, bA-k6o, adv. much, many or 
great many, many a. Bcaiwoup d'argent, 
much money ; beaucoup de femmes, many 
women or many a woman. listen fait beau- 

10 ■' 

coup que votre affaire soit achevee, your busi- 
ness IS far from being ended. Il u'est pas a 
beaucoup jjres si beau que sonfr^re, he is no- 
thing near so handsome as his brother or he 
comes far short of being as handsome as his 
brother. ^ 

Beaupre, bA-pra, s. m. Mar. bowsprit. 
Notre lieaupre fut rompu par ce b6tim,ent, that 
ship carried away our bowsprit. L'escadre 
ennemie est en ligrte beaupre sur poupe, the 
enemy's Heet is in a close line of battle ahead. 

Beaute, b6-t^, s. f. Beauty, fineness, hand- 
someness, prettiness, comeliness. Cela est de 
lu dei-iwre beaute, that is extremely fine or 
beautiful ; beauty, pleasantness, fineness, cu- 
riousness, delicacy, excellency ; beauty, beau« 
liful or channing woman. 

BEAUruREjSlar. Etre en hecadurede temps, 
to have a continuance of fine weather. 

Bec, bek, s. m. bill, beak (o/birdi,) nose, 
snout (of certain fish,) gullet (of an eiver,\ nib 
[ofaj)en,) socket (of a lamp,) mouth (of a 
iiuin,)^ point (of land.) Ccntp de bec, wipe, nip- 
ping jest, taunt. Tom/- cfe i/?c. kiss, buss. ElU 
fail le petit bec, she mi iices. Bec de likvre, hare- 
lip. Qu'il est heureux de baiser ce bec ammt- 
reux! how happy is he to kiss those amorous 
lips ! A voir du bec, avoir le bec kien affile, to be 
I a 1 k ati ve , have one's tongue oi led or wi ;] 1 hung, 
// ri'a rim que le bec, he is all tongue, he does 
nothing but prate. Faire le bec a qneiqu'un, to 
lea(-h one before-hand what he shall say. Pow- 
ser a quelqu'un la plume par le bec, to make a 
fool of one, baflfle or abuse him. On lui tient 
le bec dans or a I'eau, he is amused or played 
the fool withal ; he is kept at bay. Bec dt 
corbin, kind of halbert. Gentilliomme h bec 
de corhin, gentleman-pensioner. Un'. canne 
a bec de corlrin, a cane with a head in the 
form of a raven's bill. Bec cornu, hornified 
or conuited puppy. Bec, Mar. bill, beak, 
prow. Bec d'ur^ lartane, etc. beak, or prow 
of a tartan. Bec d'une ana-e, bill of an anchor. 
Bec de corbin, ripping-iron. 

Becaure, ba-kar. s. m. B sharp (j« mU' 
sick,) also an adj. sharped (note.) 

Becasse, bji-kSs, s. f. woodcock. B^casst 
de mer, sea-pie. Brider la becasse, to cozen 
or catch one, trap a bubble. 

Bkcasseau,s. m. a young woodcock. 

Becassine, b^-ki-s?!!, s. f. snipe. 

Beccari), s. m. female salmon. 

15EC-KIGUE, b?k-f?g, s. m. becafico, fig- 

Bfchf., b^sh, s. f. spade. 

Bechee^ V. Becquee. 

B£chin, V. Ben. 

B6cHER, b^-sha, v. a. to dig with a spade. 

Bechi<h;e, ba-shlk, adj. & s. m. for a 
cough, good for a consfh, good to cure a 
cough, lozenge for a cough. 

BKCfiUE, E, adj. beaked (in heraldry.) 

BEcqu^E.b^-ita.s.f. bill-full. 

Bf.cqueno, s. f. prattle-basket. 

BEcqi'ETER, b?k-ta, v. a. to peck. 

Bkdaine, bd-d?ii, s. f. paunch, gutb. 

Bedeau, b§-d6,s. m. verger, mace-bearer, 

*BEDoy, s. m. (tambour) a tabrel or drum { 
(un .^ros bedon) fat thick man. 

Bee, adj. f. (only found in this sense with 
gueule.) Un totineau a gtmde bee a cask 
with one. end knocked out. 




b.\r, bat, base : tlif-re, ^bb, ovSr : field, Hg : r6be, r6b l6rd : m^d, gftod. 

Beffhih, ba-fiwa, s. m. beHi7, walch- 
lower, steeple ; also alarm-bell. 

*Beflkr, v. a. to baffle, monk, play the 
(bol with, make a fool of, laugh at, banter. 

B£ga!KME«t, \A-ghmhn, s. m. stuttering, 

B^GAYER, b^-j-f-yl, V. n. to stutter, stam- 
mer, lisp. 

B]£gu, k, s. m. & f. horse or mare that has 
the mark in the mouthy not only till seven 
years old but for life. 

Begue, li^g, adj. w s. m. &. f. that stutters 
or stammers, stammerer or stutterer. 

B^L'KULE, ba-^?ul, s. f. conceited woman. 

Begueulerie,"s. f. the airs of a conceited 

Beguin, ba-^in,s. m. biggin, cap. 

Beguinage, ba-g-I-na^, s. m. kind of nun- 

Bm»ine, XA-gin ,s. f. sort of nun ; bigoted 
"^]£gum, s. f. Begum, princess of Indostan. 

Beige, s. f. sort of serge. 

Beicnet, bJ-gn?, s. m. fritter. 

B^.7AUNE, bS-t6n, s. m. nias hawk; aha 
foolish y<>iuig man ; blunder, ignorance, silli- 
ness, mistake. 

l^Ei., V. Beau.^ 

Bela NPRE, bi\-l^dr, s. f. bilander. 

Bf.LANT, e| adj. bleating. 

B^LEMENT, b^l-m?7i, s. m. bleating. 

Bf t.EMNiTE, s. f belemnites(sortofftssil.) 

Beler, bt-l5, V. n. to bleat. 

Bei.ette, bl-l?t, s. f. weasel. 

Belier, ba-li?i, s. m. ram ; battering ram ; 

Bet.iere, b^-lWr, s. f. ring upon which the 
bell-clapper hangs. 

B^i.ii««AiLLE, s. f gang of scoundrels. 

Bei.itre, s. m. rascal, rogue, scoundrel. 

Belle, V. Beau. 

BELLK-nE-NuiT, s. f. great night shade, 
jalap. Bcllf-de-Jour, s. f day-lily. 

BELLEMF.NT,"adv. softly, gingerly. II ra 
bellement en tout ce (jiiHlfail, he goes on fair 
and softly, he acts with deliberation. 

BelligIrant, e, \M-^-A-xhi, rhni, adj. 
belligerent, at war. 

Belli QiJEU-x, se, b?l-ll-^-^u, khuz, adj. 
warlike, martial, valiant. 

*Bellissime, adj. very fine, superfine. 

Bellone, s. f. Bellona. 

Bellot, te, adj. pretty. 

BiLofDER, s. ni. fine green plant without 
flowers, called by some the toad-fla.x. 

Belouse, V. Btotise. 

Belveper, b?l-va-d^r,or BelrSdhv, s. m. 
belvedere, a plant. Belreder, sort of terrace ; 
cdio, belvidere, turret, pavilion on the lop of a 
house ; and the plant desrril^d at B^loeder. 

Bi-MOL, ba-mfti, s. m. B flat {in tmisick.) 

B^MOLisE, E, adj. marked with a flat. 

Ben or Bechen or Behen,s. m. behen or 
ben. A tree of Arabia, the nut of whose fruit 
jnelds an oil much used bv perfumers. Ben- 
allmm., s. m. sort of lychnis. 

BiNEniciTi, M-nS^-di-sl-tS, s. fa. grace 
before dinner or supper. 

Bfnfdicte, s. m. benedict, electary. 

B^NEnicTiN,s. m. monk of the order of 
Sf. Benedict. 

Benedictine, s. f. benedictine nun. 

BlNJfnicTioN, bi-na.-dik-s!ow, s. f. bless- 

ing, benediction ; favour, grace ; consecra- 
tion. Ce nom est en bhwdictimi b, tmit It 
mojide. that name is bjesscd by ever}- bodj*. 

Benefice, ba-na-fis,s. m. benefice, livmg. 
Benefice simple, sinecure. Benefice, benefit, 
privilege ; benefit, profit, advantage, emolu- 
ment. B^ndfce dc ventre, looseness, moderate 
looseness. Atteiidre le benefice du temps, to 
wait for an opportunity. 

BENEFICENCE, s. m. benef.cence, bounty, 

BENEFiciAiRE,b^-nVf!-sW, adj. Ex. M- 
ritier benejiciaire, one who 'nherits without 
being obliged to pay ihe^ debts of ihe deceased. 
BiNEFiciAL, E, ba-n^-ff-siil, adj. belong- 
ingor relating to a benefice. 

BIneficier, b^-na-fi-sia, s. m. beneficed 
man, one that has a benefice, an incumbent. 

BENix, be-n^, adj. & s. m. sottish, silly, 
doltish ;^sot, booby, simpleton, blockhead. 

Benevole, ba-na-vSl, adj. kind, friendly. 

Bengale, s. m. Bengal. 

Beni, e, adj. blessed, praised. V. Binit. 

Benigne, V. Benin. 

Benignement, ba-n?gn-m§7i, adv. kindly, 

Benignite, ba-n?-gn!-t&, s. f benignity, 
goodness, l>ounty, humanity, kindness. 

Ben-in, iGNE, adj. gentle, benign, kind, 
favourable, courteous, humane^ good-natured. 

BESJOiN,s.m. benzoin, Benjamin (a gum.) 

Benir, ba-nir, v. a. to bless or praise, give 
solemn thanks ; to consecrate ; to wish good ; 
to prosper. Benir la table, to say grace, bless 
the table. 

Benit, e, adj. blessed, praised ; conse- 
crated, holy. Eaubenite de cour, coun holy- 
water, fair empty words, mere promises. 

BiNiTiER,Da-n!-ti&, s. m.pot or vessel for 
holy water. 

*BiNoiT, E, adj. blessed, holy, sanctified. 

Bf NoiTE. s. f bennet, sort of plant. 

Benoitement, adv. with a sanctified look. 

Bequillari), s. m. one that walks ob 
crutches, or with a stick. 

B^qiJiLLE, hh-fr]l, s. f. walkijig-stick made 
crutch-like, a crutch. 

Bi^qnilles, s. f. pi. Mar. legs or shoars (used 
to support sharp built vessels when laid 

Bequiller, v. n. to walk with a crutch o- 

Bequiller, v. a. to dig weeds up with a trowel. 

Bequillon, s. m. little leaf ending in a 


Bercail, b?r-k?i/, s. m. sneep-fold. JLe 
bercail de Nglise,{he pale of the church. 

Berce, s. m. a little bird that lives in 
woods; a sort of pi ant. 

Berc:^, e, adj. rocked, etc. V. Bercer. 

Berceau, b6r-s6, s. m. cradle; arbour, 
bower; vault. Des le berceau. from the cra- 
dle, from one's infancy or tender age, from a 
child. Etoiijfer I'h^resie dans son berceau, to 
stifle heresy in its birth. 

Bercer, b6r-sS, v. a. to rock a cradle, to 
lull or amuse. J'ai M berci de cela, I have 
heard it over and over. 

i^ bercer, v. r. to feed or flatter, or lull one's 
self // se berce de ses jrrcpres chim&es, he 
feeds himself with his own chimeras. 

Bt.rche. s. f. JMar. .\ small newly caal 





hiise, b&t : j^une, inJulc. beurie : i/jl.Vwt, c^nt, Vihi : vin ; mon ; brur». 

Bkrgame, b^r-gim, s. f. ordinary sort ol" 

Bergamote, b^r-gi-m6t, s. f. bergamot. 

Berge. s. f. hiffh or steep beach, strand w 
bank of a river ; barge. 

Berger, bSr-zi, s. ni. shepherd; lover, 
swain ; the happy or critical moment, the 
yielding momentj^ 

Bergkre, b^r-^As. f. shepherdess ; nymph, 
ass, a sort of anfrrhair. 

Bergerette, s. f. liquor made of wine 
and honey, oenomeli. 

Bekgerie, b^rr-ri, s. f. sheep-fold. Ber- 
geries, pastorals. 

Bergeronnette, birz-rd-nh, s. f. wag- 
tail. Little shepherdess, country-lass. 

B^RiL, s. m. beryl, a precious stone. 

Berline, b^r-liu, s. f. bcrlin {sort of 

Berlingot, s. m. chariot after the berlin 
fashion. -^^ 

Behlu-Berlu, s. m. blunder-buss or 
hair-brained fellow. ^ 

Berlue, b^r-lu, s. f. dimness of si£:ht, daz- 
zling. Avoir la berlue, to be dim-sigKted, see 
double. Donner la berhte, to dazzle. 

Berme, s. f. benn, covered way or way 
four feet wide between the fool of the ram- 
part and the ditch. 

BERNABi.E,adj. that deserves to be tossed 
in a blanket or laughed at. 

Bernacle, s. f. a barnacle, shell-fish. 

Bernardin, s. m. Bemardine monk. 

Bemardine, s. f. Bemardine nun. 

Berne, b^m, s. f.toss or tossing in a blan- 
ket. Berne, Mar. waft or weft. Hisse U pa- 
vilion en beiiw, hoist the ensign in a weft. 
Mettre te pavilion en heme, to hoist the ensign 
in a weft (a signal of distress, or for absent 
boats or men to come on board.) 

Bernement, b^m-mS/i, s. m. tossing in r. 

BERNER,b5r-ni!i, v. a. to toss in a blanket ; 
also, to laugh at, ridicule, make a fool of. 

BERNEL'R,b^r-n^ur, s. m. one that tosses 
another in a blanket. 

Berniesque, adj. &- s. m. Berni, poetc 
Italien, fut I'inventour du Berniesque. lienri, 
an Italian poet, invented a style which ap- 
proacJies tlie burlesque, but is rattier more ela- 

Berniquet, s. m. beggary. Envotfer 
quelqu'un au bemiquet, to beggar one. AUer 
eai bemiquet, to be at an ill pass. 

Bert, s. m. Mar. cradle. 

Berthelot, s. m. Mar. prow {of lateen 

Besace, b?-z^s, s. f. wallet, bag with two 
pouches to it. Mettre quelqu'un h la besace, 
to bego^ar one, bring or reduce him to begga- 
ry Etre h la besace, to be extremely poor. 

Besacier, bl-zi-siS, s. m. one who car- 
ries a wallet, beggar. 

Besaigre, hh-zigr, adj. sourish (said of ' 
toine which runs low or draws towards the 

Besaigue, bl-z?-gA, s. f. twy-bill. 

Besa5T, s. m. besant, sort of ancient mo- 
ney. {In heraldry) a round piece of gold or 

Besas or Beset, s. m. ambs-ace {at dice.) 

Besi, s. m. Celtick and generical name of 
several kinds of pears, to which the name of 

the country is added from which they have 
been tfkea. Hence Besi d'Heri, Besi de La 
motte, Besi Chacemontei.e/c. 

Besicles, b^-zlk|,s, barnacles, spec 
tacles. ' 

BES0GNE,be-z6gn, s. f. piece of work, bu- 
siness, labour. Donner de la besogne a quel- 
qu'un, lui tailler de la besogne, to cut out work 
for one, create him trouble. 

*Besogner, v. n. to work. 

Besoin, be-zwiw, s. m. need, want, lack, 
indigence, necessity. Avoir besoin de, to 
want, need, lack, stand in need of. Qu'est-il 
besoin d'en pai-ler darantage 7 to what pur- 
pose so many words ? AiUant qu'il est besoin, 
as much as is needful. Iln'est pas besoin^ufi 
lous vaiiez, 3'ou need not come, it is hot ne- 
cessary for you to come. Faire sea besoins, 
to do one's needs. 

*Bessoi*, ne, adj. twin. 

Bestiace or Bestiasse, s. f. nimiy, sim- 

Bestiare, b^s-ti^r, s. m. one that was {at 
Rome) exposed to wild beasts or that fought 
wiiii them. 

Bestial, E, b^s-tl(il. adj. bestial, beastly, 

Bestialement, b^s-tlil-m&i, adv. beast- 
lly, like a l)easl, brutishly. 

BkstialitS, b^s-tia-lM, s. f. bestiality, 

Bestiaux, bSs-tl6, s. m. pi. cattle. V. jB^ 

BESTiot,E, b§s-t?6l, s. f. little beast, living 
creature, insect : also little simpleton. 

Bestioxs, b€s-ti07i, s. m. pi. wild-beasts. 
Tupisserie de bestions, tapestry of wild beasts. 
Uestion, M ar. beak ( because it generally bears 
the figure of some animal.) 

B^ta, s. m. fool, simpleton, ninny. Un 
gros beta, a great fool. 

B£tail, ba-tal. s. m. cattle. V, Bestiaux. 

Bete, b^t, s. f. beast, brute : a game like 
loo ; silly fellow, sillj- woman, blockhead ; 
{l>ete fauve) dear ; {bke noire) wWdhodir. Bete 
epavJee, disabled man or beast ; also whore, 
crack. C'est une mMiante bete, c'est une borme 
bete, he is a cunning fellow or a notable 
blade, or she is a cunning gipsy. Faire la 
bete, to be looetl or beasted. 

Betel, s. m. betel, a plant. 

B^tement, hh-mhi, adv. like a oeast, 
foolishly, stupidjy. 

Betise, b^-tJz, s. f. folly, foolishness, dul 
ness, stupidity, blockishness. 

Betoine, ba-twin, s. f betony {a prant.) 

Beton, s. m. kind of mortar, whick petri 
fies in the earth. 

Bette, IW^t, s. f beet. 

Betterave, bSt-riv, s. f. red beet. Vn 
net de betterave, a CTeat red nose. 

Betyle, s. m. kind of stone of which the 
most ancient idols were made. 

Beuglement, b^Mgl-m§K, s. m. bellowing, 

Beugler, b^M-gla, v. n. to bellow, low. 

Beurre, biur, s. m. butter. J'y stiis pom 
mon beurre, it cost me sauce, I paid dear 
for it. 

Beurr^, e, b2u-ra, adj. buttered. 

Beurre, b?u-r?i,s. m. butter-pear. 

Bfirree, s. f. slice of bread and butter 

Beurrkr, hhu-rk, v. a. to butter 





, bat, base : th^re, Sbb, ovir :fleld, fig : r6be, rSb, I6rd : m6od, gfiod. 

BECiiRiER,^beu-ria, s. m. butter-man. 

Beurricre, blu-rf^r, s. f. butler-woman. Des 
jiUeurs a beiirrieres, Grub-Street writers. 

BivL'E, ba-vi, s. f. oversight, mistake, er- 
ror, blunder. 

Bky, ba, s. m. Bey ( Turkish governorA 

BkzestaN, s. m. public market (in Tur- 

Bezoard, s. m. bezoar. 

BiAis, bie, s. m. slope, bias ; way, manner, 
course. 11 s'y prend du bail Mais, he goes the 
right way to work. Je m me soucie pas de quel 
Iriais vous le prenez, take it how you will, 1 do 
not care. J'ai bien de la joie dt vous voir 
prendre si ban biais i voire dessein, I am very 

flad to see yoar design ^o on so successfully. 
)e buds {de travers) adv, slanting, sloping, I 
aslope, across. I 

BiAisEMENT, s. m. the moving in an ob- 
lique or sloping direction ; also, shift, fetch, I 
evasion. ^ i 

BiAisER, bIS-za, V. n. to go slanting or 
sloping, lean ; to use shifts or evasions, sliifl, 
play fast and loose. C'est un Iiomme qui biaise, 
he IS a shuffler or shifting fellow. 

BiAisEUR, blS-z^ur, s. m. shuffler. 

BiASSE, bias, s. f a sort of raw silk. 

BiBERON, NE, bib-ro/t, rSn, s. m. & f. to- 
per, w ine-bibber, tippler, guzzler ; also lip or 
spout (o/a cruel or any drinking vessel.) 

Bible, bibl, s. f. bible, holy writ, scripture. 

BiBLioGRAPHE, bi-bl?fl-grif, s. m. biblio- 
grapher ; connoisseur in books and ancient 

BiBLiOGKAPHiE, bl-bllS-gri-f 1, s. f. bib- 
liography ; knowledge of books and ancient 

Bibliomane, s. m. & f. one that is mad 
B-fter books. 

BiBLioMANiE, s. f. bookishncss ; extrava- 
gant fondness for books. 

BiBLiOTAPHE, s. m. He tliat shows his 
books to nobody. 

BiBLiOTHECAiRE, bl-blld-tS-Ar^r, s. m. li- 

BiBLiOTHEquE, bl-bllft-tck, s. f. library, 
book -case, selection of pieces from various 

*BiEUS, s. m. thing of no value, of no con- 
sequence. Un poete de bibus, a paltry or 
sorry poet, a poetaster. C'est una affaire de 
bibus, it is an affair of no consequence. 

Biceps, s. m. bicipital muscle. 

BicixRE, s. m. roguish or unlucky boy; 
also, a house of correction in France. 

BiCHE, bish, s. f. hind, {female o/thestag.) 

BicHET, l)]-sh?, s. m. measure holding 
about two Parisian bushels. 

BicHo, s. m. a sort of worm which is bred 
under the skin and causes great pain. 

BicHON, NE,b?-shon,sh6n, s.m. &. f. lapdog. 

Bicios, V. Biclw. 

BicoQUE, b?-kflk, s. f. little paltry town. 

Bidet, bl-dS, s. m. tit, little nag, p'^ny, 
galloway, post-horse; (meuble de garder obe) 

BiDON, b?-<lOT», s. m. can, tin-pot. 

BiDOT, s. m. Mar. Ex. A bidot, aback or 
to windward of the mast, speaking of a la- 
teen sail, etc. 

Bien, bilu, s. m. good, benefit, advantage, 
interest ; pleasure, happiness, saiisfaclion, fe- 
licity blcising: benefil kiudnessj favour, good 

turn or office ; estate, means, substance, rich- 
es; virtue, goodness, probil^' Les biens de la 
terre, the goods or fruits ol the earth. Pro- 
faner le bien de Dim, m abuse God's crea- 
tures. Uii honune de bien, a good or honest 
man. Unefemme de bien, a good or virtuous 
woman. Les gens de bien, good people. Qui 
bien /era bien trouvera, do well and have well. 
Dire du bien de quelquun. to speak well of 
one. Vouloir du bien h quelqu'uii, to wish one 
well. Expliquer en bien une chose, to put a 
favourable construction upon a thing, give it 
a favourable sense. Cela ne me touehe ni en 
bien ni en rnal, it does not concern me either 
one way or another. 11 sent son bien] lie looks 
like a gentleman. 

Bien, adv. well, right, very, very much ; 
fain, willingly ; quite, full ; indeed. Purler 
bien Franqais, to speak good French. Je se- 
rois bien sot de le croire, I should be a great 
fool to believe it. J7 a eti bien examine, he 
was strictly examined. Je vois bien quf. je 
perdrai ma peine, 1 clearly see I shall lose my 
labour. Voila bien de quoifaire taut le brave.' 
a groat matter indeed to be so proud of! Ou 
bien, or else, otherwise. Oui bien, well and 
good. Bien loin, a great way ofTi Bien loin 
de me louer, il me blame, he is so far from 
praisin^that he blames me. Si bien que, so 
that. Bien que, though, although. 

Bien, with du, de la, de V , des, before a sub- 
stantive, and de. before an adjective, is ren- 
dered by inuch or many, a great deal, etc. Ex. 
Bien du monde, many j)eople ; bien de la peine, 
much or a great deal of trouble ; bien de I'ar- 
sent, mucli money ; bien des livres, many 
books; bieji des femmes, many women or 
many a woman. 

Bien with the verb Vouloir expresses con 
sent. Allez, je le veux bien, Go, I consent. 
Veuillex bien nous envoyer, be good enough or 
so good as to send us ; etc. 

Bien is often also redundant, and although 
it gives some additional force to the French 
expression, it is not rendered in English. Ex. 
Je puis bien vous assurer, I can assure you. 

BiEN-AiME, E, bif-nS-m?i, adj. beloved,, 
well beloved. 

BiEN-uiRE, b?en-dlr, s. m. affected display 
of eloquence or language. 

BiEN-DisANT, E, b?ln-d]-z^n, z^nt, adj. 
well spoken, eloquent ; that speaks well of. 

BiE.v-ETRE, b?5-n^tr, s. m. well being. 
Tout le monde cherche son bien-Hre, every one 
endeavours to be in eas}' circumstances. 



BiENFAiSANCE, b5ert-f?-z^KS, s. f bcnevo 
lence, readiness or disposition to oblige. 

BiENFAisANT,E,b?l7t-fS-z^t,zcnt; adj. be- 
neficent, obliging, gracious, kind, good, boun- 
tiful, benevolent. 

BiENFAiT, blen-f?, s. m. benefit, favour, 
kindness, good turn or office, pleasure, cour 

BiEN-FAiT, E, adj. well made, handsome, 

BiENFAiTEUR, bfen-fC-tJur, s.f.benefactor 

BiENFAiTRicE, b?i«-f3-lr?s. s f. bcncfac 

nv, blessed. I^es bienheureujc, s. m pi. the 
blessed in heaven. 


buse, b&t ; jiiine, mSute, blurrc : 6r«fant. cSnt, lien ; vin ; niort .• brun. 


BiENNAL, E, adj. biennial, continuing two 
years. ^ 

BiENSEANCE, b!l«-sl-ins, s. f. decency, 
decorum, seemliness, propriety ; conveniency 
or convenience. La Flandre est a la biense- 
ance du roi de France, Flanders stands very 
convenient for the king of France. 

BiENSEANT, E, bIen-sS.-^/i, kni, adj. decent, 
comely, fitting, convenient, seemly, becoming. 

BiEN-TENANT, E, adj. & s. possessof, land- 

BiEN-Tt^T, b!l»-t6, adv. shortly, soon. 

BiENVEiLi.ANCE, blhn-v^-lbfis, s. f. good- 
will, love, kindness, benevolence, favour; 
free gift, gratuity. 

BiENVEiLLANT, E, h\hi-vhlhn, lint, adj. 
well-wishing, benevolent. 

BiENVENa, E, bi^n-v2-n&, nh, adj. wel- 

BiENVENUE,s. f. welcome. Payer sa Men- 
venue, to pay one's entrance or initiation. 
Bienvenue, garnish, garnish-money (required 
by prisoners of new-comers.) 
*BiEffvouLU, E, adj. well beloved, beloved. 

BiiRE,blir, s. f. beer; coffin. 

BiEVRE, bJivr. s. m. heaver. 

BiEZ, s. Tc\. pipe or canal out of which the 
waters fall upon the wheel of a mill. 

BiFFER, bl-fi, V. a. to cancel, scratch or 
blot out. 

Bifurcation, s. f. bifurcation, forking. 

BiGAME, bl-g4m, adj. and s. m. & f. twice 
married, who has had two husbands or wives 
successively ; oftener who is married to two at 
one time. 

BiGAMiE, b!-gi-ml, s. f. bigamy or second 
marriage ; oftener the being married to two at 

BiGARADE, b?-g\-rcl.d, s. f. Seville orange 
or kind of sour orange. 

BiGARRf , E, adj. variegated, etc. 

BiGARREAU, bl-ga-r6, s. m. red or white 
hard cherry. 

BiGARREAUTiER, b?-gk-r5-tia, s. m. red 
or white hard cherry -tree. 

BiGARRER, b?-gi-ri, V. a. to variegate, 
speckle, checker. 

BiGARRURE, b?-gi-rur, s. f. variety or di- 
versity of colours, medley, motley piece. 

BiGE, s. f. chariot drawn by two horses. 

BiGLE, b?gle, s. m. beagle. 

BiGLE, adj. squint-eyed, that has a cast 
with his eyes. 

BiGLER, b?-gll, V. n. to squint. 

•BiGNE, s. f. bump in the fore head. 

Big NET, V. Beignet. 

BiGORNE, bl-gArn, s. f. bickem. 

BiGORNEAU, s. m little sort of anvil. 

Bigorner, v. a. to round upon a sort of 
anvil, called a bickem. 
. Bigot, e, bl-gft, gftt, adj. & s. m. &. f. 
bigot or bigoted person, hypocrite. Bigot de 
rucao-e, Mar. parrel-rib. 

BiGOTERiE, bi-g6t-rl, s. f. bigotry, super- 
stition, hypocrisy. Donner dans la bigoterie, 
to turn bigot or devotee. 

BiGOTisME, bl-g3-t?sm, s. m. character of 
a bigot. 

BiGjER, V. a. to chop, make an exchange, 
barter, swap, truck. 

JJiGUES, s. f. pi. Mar. sheers. 

BiHOUAc, V. Bivcrtac. 

liuov. bl i6o,s m. jewel, trinket, a little 

pretty house cr box. Biiou, jewel, any thing 
that IS beautiful or excellent in its kind. 

Bijouterie, bi-iftot-ri, s. f. to^-s, jewels 
jewelry, trinkets, trade or business of those 
who deal in jewels. 

BijouTiER,bl-iSo-ti^, s. m. jeweller; one 
fond of trinkets or toj's. 

Bilan, bi-lin, s. m. balance account. 

Bilkoquet, bil-bft-A:5, s. m. cup and ball, 
stick hollowed at both ends, with a line in the 
middle, on which hangs a ball for children to 
play with. 

Bile, b?l, s. f. bile, choler ; passion, anger, 
wrath ; gall. Bile noire, choler, adust me- 
lancholy. Faire bien de la bile, to void much 

Biliaire, bM3-ir, adj. biliary, bilious. 

BiLiEU-x, SE, h1-]i-iu, hiz, adj. bilious, 
cholerick, full of choler, hippish, passionate. 

Bill, s. m. bill (in the English Parliament.) 

BiLLARD, b?-/ar, s. m. billiards ; also bil- 
liard-stick, and billiard-table. Billard, Mar, 

BiLLARDER, b]-Mr-dS., V. n. to strike a 
ball twice, or to strike two balls together. 

BiLLE, hM, s. f. billiard-ball, also marble, 
taw, and rolling pin. Faire une bilk, to ha- 
zard a ball. Bide d'emballeitr, packer's stick. 

BiLLEBARKER, V. Bigarrer. 

BiLLEBAUDE, s. f. confusion, harlyburly. 
A la billebavde, confusedly. 

BiLLER, bWa, V. a. to pack up close with 
a stick ; also to prepare paste with a rolling- 
pin. Biller les clievaux pour tirer un bateau, 
to set horses to tow a boat. 

Billet, h\-li, s. m. bill, note, ticket ; note, 
billet or letter. Billet doux, short love-letter, 

Billeter, V. a. to ticket or label (goods.) 

BiLLETTE, s. f. sign made barrel-like, and 
set up at a toll-gate. 

BiLLEVEsifi, hil-vf:-zh, s. f. idle story, 
trash, stuff. 

Billion, s. m. a thousand million. 

Billon, b?-/o7i, s. m. gold or silver below 
the standard ; also base coin, and place where 
base coin is melted down. 

BiLLONNAGE,b?-M-nir,s.m. trade of circu- 
lating or putting off bad money. 

BiLLONNEMENT, s. m. the act of putting 
off iiad money. 

BiLLONNER, b?-Zfl-ni, V. a. to circulate or 
put off bad money. 

BiLLONNEUR, b?-/5-n?ur, s. m. he that cir- 
culates or puts off bad money. 

Billot, bi-M, s. m. block, log ; wedge; 
stick tied across a dog's neck. 

Bimbelot, s. m. play-thing, toy. 

Bimbelotier, s. m, toy-man, one that' 
keeps a toy-shop. 

Binage, s. m. saying mass twice in one 
day ; second ploughing. 

BiNAiRE, bl-nir, nd}. binary. 

Bin ARD, s. m. a sort of great cart for tim- 

Binement, b?n-m?n, s. m. the digging or 
delving or ploughing the ground over again. 

BiNER, b?-n^, V. a. to dig again, to tun; up 
the ground a second time. To say mass twice 
in one day. 

Binet", b?-n5, s. m. a save-all, Faire hind, 
to make use of a save-all, stick the end of a 
candle on a save-all. 




bir, bat, bise : th^rc, ^bb, « /ir : field, fig : r6be, rfib, fAi'd . iu<Sod, gdod. 

Bin I, s. m. a monk companion. 

BiNori.E, b!-n6kl,s. m.kind of double pro- 
spective gl.nss, i. e. for both eyes at once. 

BiOGKAPHE, bi-5-griif, s m biographer. 

BiocRAPHiE, b?-6-gra-fl, s. f. biography-. 

Bipedal, e, adj, bipedal, that measures 
two feet. 

Bipeds, b?-p^, adj. & s. biped, that has 
two feet. 

BiQUE, b5k, s. f. she-goat. 

BiquET, bi AS, s. m. kid, also sort of mone^' 

BiQUETER, bik-t^, V. n. to kid, bring forth 

BiRAMBROT, s. m. beverage made with 
beer, sugar, and nutmeg. 

BiREME,bl-r^m, s. f. ancient vessel with 
two banks of oars on each side. 

BiRETTE, s. f. kind of cap worn by Jesuits 
during their probation. 

BiRiBi, s. m. sort of game of hazard. 

BiKLoi R, s. m. sort of screw to keep up the 
sasli of a window. 

Bis, E, bj, biz, adj. brown {srpeakmg of 
bread omd dough.) Vivtfemme hist, a brown 
woman, a wainscot face. 

Bis, b?s, [loivi) encore, again, repeat. 

BiSAGK, s. m. second dying of cloth. 

BisaTeul, bi-2^-y^ul, s. m. great grand- 

Bisaleide, s. f. great grand-mother. 

BiSANNUEL, LE, adj. biennial (said of 

B1SBILI.E, s. f. quarrel, dissension {for tri- 

BiscAYE, s. f. Biscav. 

BiscAyEiV, NE, adj. Biscjiyan, of Biscay 
cav barcalonga 

BiscAYENNE, s. f. Mar. Biscaycinor a Bis- 

BiscoRNU, E,b7s-k6r-nfl, nu, adj. crooked, 
odd, crabbed. 

BtscoTiN, b!s-k6-tirt, s. m. sort of sweet 

Biscuit, bIs-ArSi, s. m. biscuit. 

BisE, s. f. or vent de bise, s. m. north wind. 
Bise, penny or half-penny loaf. See also 
Bis, adj. 

BisEAL', b!-z6,s. m. kissing-crust ; sloping- 
cut ; stop (of an or^an.) Bezel (of a ring.) 
Biseaux (in printing,) the wedges which 
fasten the pages of a form. 

BiSER, V. a. & n. to dye a second time ; to 
grow brown, (as grain.) 

BiSET, bl-zJ. s. m. stock-dove, wood-pigeon. 

BisETTE, b?-z^t,s.f. footing, narrow lace of 
small value, edging. 

BiSETTiERE, s. f. woman that makes foot- 
ing or narrow lace. 

BiSEUR, s. m. dyer. 

Bismuth, s. m. bismuth, (mineral.) 

Bison, s. m. buffalo, wild ox. 

BiSQUAiN,s. m. sheep's-skin with the wool 

Bisque, bisk, sort of rich soup ; odds at 

BissAC, b?-sik, s. m. littlf wallet. Riduire 
CM bissac, to h««;gar, bring to poverty. 

BissE, s. f. (m heraldry^ sort of serpent. 

BissEXTE, b?-s?kst, s. m. additional day in 

BissEiTiL, E, bl-seks-til, adj. Ex. tan his- 
textil ot Vann^e hisse.riile, leap-year, bissex- 

BisTOfiUET, b?s-l5-A^, s. m. large billiard* 
stick to prevent striking the ball twice. 

BiSTORTE, s. f. bistort, snake-weed. 

BiSTOURi, bis-t5o-ri, s. m. bistoury. 

BiSTOURNE, E, adj. ex. Un cheval bistour- 
n^, a horse whose genitals have been 

BisTOURNER, bis-t3or-nil, v. a. to twist the 
genitals, so as to make them unfit for genera- 

BiSTRE, s. f. bistre. 

BiTORD, s. m. spun-yam, small kind of 
cord. Faire du bilord,\o s^\n spun-yam. 

Bitter le cable, v. a. Mar. to bit or bitt the 

BiTTES, s. f. pi. Mar. bits or bitts. Bittes 
latteraies du inndas, carrick bits. 

BiTTONS, s. m. pi. Mar. top-sail sheet bits, 
knight-heads, kevel-heads. 

BiTTURE, s. f. Mar. bitter or range (of the 
cables, etc.) Prendre une bitture or faire bit- 
tare, to get up a range of the cable. 

BiTUME,bf-tum, s. m. bitumen. 

BiTUMiNEU-x, SE, bl-tA-ml-u^u, nhuz, a^. 

Bivalve, s. f. bivalve. 

BiviAiRE, s. m. meeting of two roads. 

BivoiE, s. f. place where two roads meet, 
parting of a road. 

Bivouac, bi-vik, s. m. extraordinary night 
guard for the security of a camp. 

Bizarre, bl-zir, adj. odd, fantastical, hu- 
morsome, extravagant, whimsical; strange, 

Bizarre, s. m. & f. whimsical or fantasti- 
cal person. 

Bizarrement, b?-zir-nj?n, adv. oddly, 

BiZARRERiE,b!-zir-ri, s. f. fantasticalness, 
fantastical humour, caprice, extravagance, 
oddness, variety. 

BiZERT, s. m. sort of bird of passage. 

Blafard, e, hlk-ikr, fkrd, aaj. pale, wan, 

Blaiche, adj. slothful. 

Blaireau, bl§-ri), s. m. badger. 

Blamable, bl?l-m4bl, adj. biameable, re- 

Blame, blim, s. m. blame, imputation, re- 
proach. Jeter la blame sicr un autre, \o lay 
the fault upon another. 

Blamzr, blk-ma, v. a. to blame, find fault 
with ; to reprimand. 

Blan-c, CHE, h\hn., h\kns\\, adj. white; 
clean. Unecu blanc, a crown, a crown-piece. 
Argent blanc, monnoie blanche, silver ; che- 
veu.T blancs, grey hairs. Les flews blanches 
(defemmes) the whites (in women.) Cartes 
blanches, blank, any card except the court 
cards. Avoir cartes blanches, to have none 
but small cards. V. Carte. Blanc-nuinger, 
white and dainty dish made of almonds, jelly, 
etc. Fer blanc, tin. Billet blanc (of lottery,) 
blank. Gelee blanche, white hoar frost. Ej^e 
blanche, naked sword. Faire une chose a bis 
et a blanc, to do a thing by hook or by crook. 
Avoir les pieds blancs, to be privileged, be 
much in favour ; armes blanches, swords, hal- 
berds, etc. (in ojrposition to fire-amis.) 

Bi.ANC, s. m. white, white colour; blank, 
mark to shoot at ; old coin worth five deniers. 

Blanc or Blanc-signe or Blanc-seing, blank 
or blank-caper, a blank ; break, blauk wluv 




hiise, bflt : j^une, m^ute, bSurre : hi&nl, c^«t, Win : v'm : mow ; brun. 

ia^. Chocpeau en bLanc, hal not dyed. Lixre 
tn bUmc, book iii sheets. Blanc b, flmile, white 

Blanc-bec, s. m. a novice, an inexperi- 
encea youth. 

Blanchaille, bl6n-sh4/, s. f. small white 
fish, young fry. 

Blanchatre, bl^7?-shitr, adj. whitish, 
somewhat white, inclining to white. 

Blanche, bl^/Jsh, s. f^ minim in music. V. 

Blanchement, bl^Msh-mS/i, adv. cleanly. 

Bi.ANCHERiE, V. Blancktsserie. 

Blanchet, s. m. blanket of a printing 

BLANCHEURjbl^re-shSur, s. f. whiteness. 

Blanchi, e, adj. whitened, whited, wash- 
ed, made white or clean. 

Blanchiment, bl^«-sh?-m3n, s. whitening 
of linen cloth ; also wash (to whiten silver.) 

Blanchir, bl^re-sh1r,v. a. to whiten, make 
white ; to white-wash ; to bleach ; to blanch ; 
to wash, make clean ; to plane, to polish. 
Blanchir taie personne, to clear the reputation 
of one. Blanchir, v. n. to whiten, to grow 
white ; to grow grey headed, old or hoary ; 
to foam ; to graze, touch lightly, make no im- 
pression, be meffectual. 

Bi,ANCHissAGE,bl^n-shi-sii,s.m. washing. 

Blanchissant, e, adj. growing white or 
grey. Jaune blanchissant, whitish yellow. 

BLANCHissERiE,bl^n-shfs-rl,s. f. whiten- 
ing yard or field. 
Blanchisseuse, bl^«-shl-s^uz, s. f. laundress, 

*Blandices, s. f. pi. flattery. 

BLANQtrE,bl^k, s. f. sort "of game with 
Manks and prizes ; blank, nothino^. 

Br.ANQtTETTE, h\iin-kh, s. f. delicate sort 
of white wine ; also sort of small beer, white 
fricassee, and a sort of pear called Blanket. 

Br.ASER,v. a. (speaking of the effects of ar- 
dent spirits) to impair, consume, burn up ; it 
is also found used in the sfnse of to surfeit, 
Iwnce, blase sur, surfeiUd with, tie blaser, blS.- 
t.k, V. r. to ruin one's constitution or impair 
one's health bv hard drinking. 

Blason, hla-zoK, s. m. blazon, heraldry; 
blazon arms, coat of firms, achievement ; 
blazon, praise. 

Blasonnement. s. m. blazonry. 

Blasonner, blA-zft-n?i, v. a. to blazon a 
coat of arms. To blacken, defame, traduce. 

*Blasonneur,s. m. one who writes on 
heraldry ; blazoiier. 

Blasph^mateur, blis-f^-mMeur, s. m. 

Blasph^ MATOIRE, blis-fa-mi-twkr, adj. 

Blaspheme, bl^s-f^m, s. f blasphemy. 

Blasphemer, blSs-fa-ma, v. a. & n. to 
blaspheme, revde God or sacred things. 

Blatier, bla.-t1^, s. m. grain-merchant. 

Ble or Bleo, bla, s. m. grain, wheat. 
BU-frament, corn, wheat. Bl^-seitrle, rye. 
Orands-bl^s, wheat and rve. Petits-bles, oats 
and barley. Ble-inJteil', mixed grain, (half 
wheat and half rye.) Ble de Turqnie or 
d'lnUe, MnizR, Intfian corn. BU noir or sar- 
razin, buck wheat. Manger son hie en herhe, 
•tyjfwnd one's ri»n(s betbrethwy arc due. 
BLEC7HE,adj & s. weak, irresolute inan. 

Bleime,s. f. Bleyme, (a bruise in tlie foot.) 

BlSme, bl^m, adj. pale, wan, bleak. 

Bl^mir, bl^-mir, v. n. to grow pale. 

Bl^missement, s. m. paleness, turning 

Bless:£, e, adj. hurt, wounded, etc. Blessi 
du cerveau, crack-brained. Blessi d'amour, 
smitten in love. 

Blessek, blS-sa, v. a. to hurt or wound; 
to damage ; to offend ; to wound or blemish ; 
to hurt. Mes souliers me blessent, my shoes 
pinch me. Blesser le respect que Von doit h 
quelqu'un, to break in upon the respect due to 
one. Ceci blesse la cluirite, this is repugnant 
to charity. 

Se blesser, v. r. to hurt one's self, wound 
one's self, etc. S'entre-blesser, to wound one 
another, to miscarry, to be offended, lake ilL 

Blessu RE, bl^-sur, s. f. hurt, wound, bruise, 
offence, injury. 

Blet,te, adj. half rotten. 

Blette, s. f. blit or blits (a pot-herb.) 

Bleu, e, bl^u, adj. blue. 

Bleu, s. m. blue, sky-colour. 

Bleuatre, bl^u-itr, adj. bluish. 

Bleuet, V. Bluet. 

Bleuir, bl5u-lr, v. a. to make blue. 

Blin, s. m. Mar. sort of rammer. 

Blinde, s. f. blind (to cover trenches.) 

Blinder, v. a. to cover trenches with 
blinds or faggots. 

BLoc,bl6k,s. m. block, unwrought piece of 
marble or stone; whole lump. Faire tm 
marche en bloc et en tdche, to take by the lump. 

Blocage, bl5-kai, s. m. Bi ocailie, s. C 
rubbish, shards, rough, ragged stones, pieces 
of stones to fill up walls with. Muraille de 
blocage, rou^h wall ; {with printers) one letter 
put tor another. 

Blocus, bl5-^s, s. m. blockade. Mettrt 
le blocus decant une place, or faire le blocut 
d'une place, to blockade a place. 

BLOND,E,blo?i,bloHd,adj. fair, light, flaxen. 

Blond, s. m. fair or light colour. Unbeau 
blond, lively fair colour. Blond dore, flaxen, 
light yellowish colour. 

Blonde, s. f. fair woman; blond-lace. 

Blondin, s. m. flaxen haired young man; 
also gallant, beau, spaik. 

Blondine, s. f. flaxen haired young wo 
man or girl. 

BLONDiR,bloM-d!r,v.n. to grow light or fair. 

Bloquer, bl6-^a, V. a. to block up ; to fill 
with rubbish and mortar; (at billiards) to 
drive hard into the hazard ; (in printing) to 
use an inverted letter, when the letter required 
is not in the case. 

Blot, s. m. Mar. instrument serving to 
measure the way a ship makes, log-line ; (in 
falconry) stick on which the bird rests. 

Blottir, (se) s^-bl6-tir, v. r. to squat, lie 
squat, lie close to the ground. 

BL0USE,bl6oz,s. f hazard in abilliard table. 

Blouser, blAo-z^, V. a. to throw into the 
hazard. 8e blouser, v. r. to mistake, be in the 
wrong box. 

Blousse, s. f. short wool which can only 
be carded. 

Bluet, bli-S, s. m, blue-bottle. 

Bluette. bia-?t, s. f little spark (o^_^. 

Blu TEAU, s. m. bolter or boltmg-clotl^ (ibc 
flour, etc.) 

Bluter, bia-t&> T «u to boH, «ft. 




bir, M, base : thire, ^bb, c er : field, fig : r6be, rfib, Idrd : m6od, gdod. 

Bluterie, biflt-rl, s. f. bolting-room. 

Blutoir, s. m. y. Bltiteau. 

BoBicHE, b6-b6sh, s. f. socket (of a can- 

Bo BINE, b6-bln, s. f. bobbin, quill (to wind 
silk, etc.) 

BoBiNER,b5-bl-n^, V. a. to wind upon a 

*BoBO, b6-b6, s. m. a small ailment or 

BocAfiE, bft-kiU, s. m. grove. 

BocAGER, E, bA-lA-zS, 2^r, adj. frequent- 
ine or living in woods or groves, rural. 
Nyvvp^ies bocagh-es, wood-njTnphs. 

BocAL, b6-kal, s. m. sort of jug or bottle 
with a short neck and large mouth ; a sort of 
tx>und crystal or white glass bottle which some 
artists fill with water and use as a help to the 
sjffht ; mouth-piece (of a musical instrument.) 

BoETE, V. Botte. 

BoEUF, b^uf, s. m. ox. Bceuf sauvage, 
wild ox. Bcetif or chair debce7if,heef. Langue 
de bceuf, neat's tongue. Boat/, blockhead, 
booby, dull fellow. 

BoHEME, bw^m, s. f. Bohemia. 


bwl-mien, miSn, s. m. & f. Bohemian ; also 

BoiRE, bwir, V. a. to drink ; to drink spi- 
rits intemperatel}', love drinking ; to suck in 
or imbibe ; to put up with. Tu as fait la 
folie,c'esth tci h la boire, as you have brewed, 
so you must drink ; thou hast played the fool, 
it is fit thou shouldst suffer for it. Faire boire 
une peau darts la riviere, to soak a skin in the 

Boire, s. m. drink, drinking. 

Bois, bwi, s. m. a wood, forest ; wood ; 
shoot, young branch ; {of dter) head or horns. 
Le sacre hois de la croix, le bois de la vraie 
croix, the tree or cross on which our Saviour 
suffered. Bois de charjmite, timber. Bois 
taiilis, copse or underwood. Bois de lit, bed- 
stead. Bois de toume-broclie, wood-work of 
a turn-spit. Je sais de quel bois il se diaujfe, 
I know his way, I know his kidne^'. 11 ne sail 
plus de quel bois faire feche, he does not know 
which way to turn himself. Trouver i-isage de 
bois, to find the door shut. Bois, Mar. (in 
general) wood or timber. Bois de cidre, cedar ; 
Dois de chene, oak ; bois de cliine x-ert, live-oak ; 
bois de gayac, lignum vitse ; btris de lietre, beech; 
bois d'or?nea7i, elm ; bois de sapin, fir ; bois de 
construction, or bois de cliarpetUe, timber ; bois 
droit or bois de hatite futaie, straight timber ; 
bois cotirhans, compass timber ; bois d'arri- 
mage, fathom-timber or fathom wood ; bois de 
chcaiffage, fuel or fire-wood, furze, faggots ; 
bois die remplissage, dead wood ; bois de mem- 
brure, crooked timber ; (fit for the floors or fiit- 
tocksof aship's frame ;) Ims de recelte, wood or 
timber fit for ser\ice ; bois de rebiU, \\mher unfit 
for service ; bois ded^molition,iimberofdin old 
ship broken up ; faire du hois, to take in wood. 

BoisAGE, bwa-ziz.s.m. timber, wainscot. 

Bois£, E, bwi-zi, adj. wainscotted ; also 
woody, that has great woods. 

BoiSER, bwi-zi, V. a. to wainscot. 

BoisERiE, bkwz-rl, s. f. wainscot or wain- 

BoiSEO-x, SE, bwi-ziu, ziuz, adj. woody. 

BoissEAD, bwi-sA, s. m. bushel. 

Boi8SEl£e, s. f. bushel or bushel-measure 

or bushel-full ; also as much ground as will 
take up a bushel of seed to sow it. 

BoissELiER,bw^-Iia,s.m. maker of bush- 
els and other wooden utensils. 

BoissELERiE,s. f. the act of making busb- 
els and wooden utensils. 

BoissoK, bw&.-son, s. f. drink. 

BoiTE, bwit, s. f. box. Boite de montre, 
watch-case. Boite de presse, hose of a prin- 
ter's press. 

BoiTE, s. f. (said of wine, | ripeness, matu- 
rity. Ce vin est en sa boite, thai wine is fit to 

BoiTER, bwi-ti, V. n. to go lame, limp, 

BoiTEU-x, SE, adj. &, s. m. & f. lame, 
halt, cripple. 

BoiTiER, bwi-tl&, s. m. surgeon's case (for 
salves or ointiiients.) 

BoL or Bolus, b5l, b3-l5s, s. m. bolus. 
Bol d'Armhiie, Armenian bole. 

BoMBANCE,bon-b^s, s. f. vain or extrava- 
gant expense, riot, luxury, feasting or ban- 

Bombards, bon-b^rd, s. f. bombard, a 
great gun. 

BoMBARDEMENT, boTi-bird-m^n, s. m. 
bombardment, bombarding. 

BoMBARDER, bon-b^r-d&., v. a. to bombard 
or bomb. 

Bombardier, bon-bSir-dll, s. m. bom- 

BoMBASiN, boM-b^-zin, s. m. bombasin. 

BoMBE, bonb, s. f. bomb, shell. 

BoMBEMENT, bonh-min, s. m. swelling, 
bunching out, protul)erance, convexity. 

Bomber, v. a. to swell ; make convex. 

BoMERiE, bAm-ri, s. f. Mar. bottomry. 

BoN, NE, bow, bAn, adj. good; useful, fit 
or proper ; great, large, long ; beneficent ; fa- 
vourable ; advantageous, indulgent, humane, 
good-natured, easy. C'est un hon coeur or c'est 
un bon coeur d'komnie, he is a true heart, he is 
a true-hearted man. C'est une bonne titt 
d'homme, he has a good head-piece. Le bon 
Dieti, God Almighty. Bon homme, good man. 
Bon homme, simple, innocent man or fellow. 
Un ban (or grand) verre de vin, a good or 
great glass of wine. Bonjonr et bon an, I wish 
you a nappy new year. Un bonjonr, a holy- 
day. Faire son bon jour, to receive the sacra- 
ment. Bon an, vial' an, one year with another. 
Je rous le dis une bonne fois, 1 tell you once for 
all. De bonneheure, he.umts,Q^r\y. Alabomie 
lieure, in good time, in the nick of lime. A la -^ 
bonne heure, well and good, let it be so, with 
all my heart, fly va a la bonne foi, he means 
no harm. Bon mot, jest, quibble. Dixmille 
bons hommes, ten thousand good or choice men. 
Les bons comptes font les bons amis, short ac- 
counts make long friends. A hon jour bonne 
ceuvre, the better day the belter deed. Bon 
temps, play-time, diversion, pleasure. Se don- 
ner du bon temps, to divert one's self, take 
one's pleasure or diversion. Trouver bon, to 
like, approve^ allow of. Trouvez bon que je 
vous ecrive, give me leave to write to you. 
Qiiand bon vmis semhlera, when you shall 
think fit. Tenir bon, to hold out, persist, con- 
tinue steeidfast. 11 fait hon vivre id, it is good 
living here, it is pleasant to live here. Etrt 
homme h bmne fortune, to be the darling 
of the fair sex. V. Fortune. La. gar- 




base, bill. : jeune, meute, beurre : hifknl, cinl, lier* ; v'm : mo7i : bru?j. 

der bonne a quelqu'un, to owe one a grudge, 
watch an opportunity for doinff one a mis- 
chief. Bon veiU, Mar. fair wind ; bon mouil- 
la^e, anchoring ground; boji voilier, good 

Bojf, s. m. good, goodness, profit, advan- 
tage ; guaranty. Se former uiie uUe du beau 
et clii bon, to fi-ame to one's self an idea oi" that 
which is fair and good. My a cent ecus de boii 
Uiere are a hundred crowns clear. Si i'on a 
dubon, if we get the better. Le bon du coiite, 
the cream of the jest. C'est k bon de La inede- 
cine, it Is the happiness of physick 

Bon, bonne, s. dear, honey. Ex. Venez id, 
ma bonne, come hither, my dear ; also a woman 
whose employment it is to amuse children. 

Bon, adv. well, right, pshaw. Bon! nous 

liors de danger, well, we are out of 
danger. Bon! voila qui va bien, that is very 
well. Bo7i ' je ne vous crains pas, pshaw, I 
don't fear you. Aquoibon? to what purpose ? 
Tout de bon, seriously, in earnest, indeed. 

BoNACK, bi-nis, s. f. calm, tranquillity, 
calmness, stillness, quietness. 

BoNASSE, b6-n&s,adj. good, good-natured, 

Bo.VBANc, s. m. a sort of white stone. 

Bonbon, s. m. pies and similar dainties. 

BoNBONNiERE, s. f. a box to putdainlies in. 

Bon-chrktien, s. m. bon-chretieu (peai-.) 

Bond, bo/t, s. m. rebound; also caper or 
capering, gambol. Faire un bond, to rebound. 
Aller par bond, to skip about. Tant de bo/id 
que de volee, by hook or by crook. 

BoNDE, bo«d, s. f. dam, wear, sluice, flood 
gate, bung, or bung-hole. 

BoNDiR, bon-dir, v. n. to rebound ; to 
bound, caper, frisk, skip, jump about. CeUe 
viande me fait bondir le coRur or le cceiir me 
bandit qiiandfen mange, this meat rises in my 

BoNDissEMENT, bon-dis-mSra, s. m. skip- 
pino', frisking ; (decofur) rising of the stomach. 

BoNDON,bon-do7^, s. m. buug,stopple ; also 
the bung-hole. 

BoNuoNNER, bow-dS-nl, V. a. to stop with 
a bung or stopple. 

BoNuoNsiEKE, s. f. a cooper's auger. 

BoNDREE, s. f. species of the buzzard; a 
bird of prey. 

BoNHEL'R, b3-n6ur, s. m. good luck, good 
fortune, prosperity, happiness, felicity, good 
blessing. Pur bonheur, adv. luckily, happily. 

Bonhomie. bS-nd-mi,s. f. good nature. 

BoNiFiER, bfi-n'i-fi-i, v. a. to make bel- 

Bonification, s.f. making better, improv- 

BoNiTE, s. f. sort of fish. 

Bon JOUR, s. m. good morrow, good moni- 
in"-. Donner or souliailer le bonjour a quel- 
qu un, to wish one good mon-ow". 

BoNNEMENT, bSn-mOrt, adv. plainly, ho- 
nest.y, downright, ingenuously, innocently. 
Je ne saurois bonnaneiU vous le dire, I cannot 
exactly tell you. 

Bonnet, b5-nS,s.m.cap,bonnet. Prendre 
k bonnet de docfjmr, to take a doctor's degree. 
Ce sont deux t^les dans un bonnet, thpv pass 
through c.'.e quill. Rirc sous le bonnet, to'laugh 
in one's sleeve. Opiner du bonnet, to vole 
blindly or without reasoning. La question 
fossa du Zip?wtL the quest ion was carried una- 

nimously. Avoir la tete pres du bonnet, to be 
hasty, have a hot head of one's own, take fire 
presently. Triste comme un bonnet de nuit 
sans coiffe, very sad or melancholy; in the 
dumps. Prendre le bonnet vert, to step aside, 
break or turn bankrupt. Porter le bonnet 
vert, to wear a green tap, to be a bankrupt. 
*±k)NNETADE, s. f. capping, cringing. 
BoNNETER, V. a. to Cap, to cringe, pulJ 
off one's hat. 

BoNNETERiE, bA-n^t-H. s. f. cap-makcrs, 
hosiers ; also hosier's business. 
JioNNETEUR, s. in. sharper. 
BoNNETiER, b^n-tiSi, s. m. cap-maker; 
also hosier. 

BoNNETTE,s. f. Mar. studding-sail. Bon- 
7ietle de brigantine or de bau/ne, ring-tail. 
Gra7uie bonnelte, or bonnette de grande voile, 
main studding-sail. Bonnette de liune or Jiu- 
nier, top-mast studding-sail. Bonnette basse, 
lower studding-sail. Bonnette mailleeor lacee, 
bonnet, drabler. Mettre les bonnettes, to set 
the studding-sails. Bonnette, bonnet, a piece 
ol' fortification. 
BoNS-HOMMES, (Minimes.) V. Minime. 
BoNsoiR, s. m. good evening, good night 
BoNTi, bon-tS^, s. f. goodness, excellence; 
merits, justness, kindness, good-natuie, gen- 
tleness, favour, indulgence. La bont^ aune 
place, the strength of a place. 

Bonzes, s. in. & f. pi. Bonzes (Chinese 
*BoQuiLLON, s. m. feller of wood. 
Borax, s. m. borax. 

BoRD, b6r, s. m. edge, side, shore, brink 
or brim ; riband, galloon, for edging; border, 
hem, skirt, lace. 11 estsur le bord de la fosse, 
il a la mort sur le bord des lei-res, he has al- 
ready one foot in the grave. Jai son nom sitr 
le bord des Itcres, 1 have his name at my 
tongue's end. Bord, Mar. side ; board, tack, 
stretch; shore; [in astronomy) limb. Bords 
des voiles, leeches. Prendre une embarcation 
dubord, to take a boat belonging to the ship. 
Passe du monde sur le bora, man the side 
Nous avonsfait un bon bord, we have made a 
gootl board o/- tack. Se tenir bord sur bord, 
to make short boards or tacks. Venir bord a 
quai, to come along side the wharf. Avoir al- 
ternativenient le bord ^ terre et le bord an large, 
to keep standing on and off. A bord, aboard, 
onboard. J' auai a son bord or a bord de son 
vaisseau, I went on board his ship. V. Monde 
and Prendre. La riviere est bord h bord du 
quai, the river is even (level) with the quay. 
Bord d bord, along side, Eire bord a bord, to • 
lie along side of a ship. Accoste h bord, come 
along side. Faire feu des deux bords, to fire 
on both sides, 

Bordage.s, m. Mar. plank, side plank. 
Bordages des anguilleres, limber-boards. 
Bordage a din, clincher-work. Bordages du 
i-aisseau, skin of the ship. 

Bordayer, v. n. Mar. to traverse sail, 
make boards or tacks, stand oftand on, stand al- 
ternately upon the starboard and larboard 

BoRDE, b6r-di, s. m. galloon for edging; 
hem, edge, lace. 

Bo R DEE, b6r-d^, s. f. Mar. board or tack 
or stretch ; also broad-side (of cannons.) 

BoRDEL, bSr-d^l, s. m. broiliel, bawdy 
house, stew. 




bkr, bh, bLsc : Ih^re, ^bb, overTfleld, fig : ribe, r5b, Idrd : m6od, gftod. 

•BoRDKLAGE, s. m. whoring. 
*BoRi>ELiKK, s. m. wbore-iiiaster. 
BoRDKK, bfir-di, V, a. to edge, bind, bor- 
der, lare. Border un lit, to tucK in the bed- 
clothes. Les soldals bordent la cole, the sol- 
diers line the coast or stand along the coast. 

Border, Mar. Border un vaisseau, to plank 
a ship. Border a din, to plank with clincher 
work. Border en lauvelte, to lay on the planks 
level. Border les basses voiles or lesecoutes des 
basses ^-oiles, to tally the sheets or to tally aft 
the sheets. Border wne toile or vne ecoute, to 
haul a sheet home or haul aft the sheet (of any 
sail.) Borde la misaine, haul aft the fore- 
sheet. Boi-delej>erroquetdefmtgite,s\\^e\.\\onw 
ihe mizen lop-sail. Borde iiJoiniLe, slieet home. 
BoRiJFREAU,bfird-r6, s. m. account, note. 
BoRDiER, adj. Mar. laps'.ded. 
BoRUiGUE, s. f. crawl (for taking fish.) 
BoHr)URE,b5r-di'ir,s. f. edge, border,(pic- 
ture) frame; (in heraldry) bordure. Bordure, 
Mar. breadth of the foot of a sail (measured 
from clue to clue in square sails, Eind from lack 
to the clue iu other sails.) 

Boreal, e, b5-ra-al,adj. northern, north- 
erly. Aurore boreale, aurora borealis. 
BoREE, h6-ra, s. m. north-wind, boreas. 
BoHGNE, h?>rgn, adj. one-eyed, blind of one 
eye, that has but one eye ; dark, obscure. 

BoRGSE, s. m. man that has but one eye, 
one-eyed man. 

Borgmsse, b6r-gnSs, s. f. one-eyed woman. 
BoRNAGE, b6r-na:, s. m. setllmg of boun- 

Borne. b6m,s. f. boundary, limit ; stone 
stud or post (to keep off carriages, etc.) 

Borne, e, adj. bounded, linlited. Maison 
qui a une vue horn^e, house that has a narrow 
prospect. Un lunnme qui a dcs vues bornees, 
a man of narrow views or unaspiring. Un 
esjtrit/ort borne, a shallow brain, a mean or 
narrow wit. Une fortune bornce, a mean or 
small or moderate fortune. 

BoRNER, bSr-iiti, V. a. to bound, set bounds 
to, limit ; to end, put an ^1 to. To confine, 
limit, slint, set bounds to*moderate. 

Se bonier, v. r. to keep within bounds or 

BoRNOYER, bSr-nwi-3^, v. a. to look with 
one eye (to see if a line be straight, etc.) 

BosAN, s. m. a sort of drink made of millet 
boiled in water. 

BosPHORE, b6s-f3r, s. m. bosphorus. straits, 
channel. Le bospliore Cimmirien, the Cim- 
merian Bosphorus, 

Bos«iUET, l)6s-A-§, s. m. grove or thicket. 
BosiiAGE, s. m. (in architecture) bossnge. 
BossE, b6s, s. f. bunch, hump, lump or 
swelling; bruise, dint; roughness, unevenness, 
ruggeduess ; knob, knot. Onrrage releve en 
basse, relievo, embossed piece of work. Ou- 
vrage de basse rortde or de pleiu relief, figure 
in relievo. Ouivage de demi-bosse or demi- 
relief, figure in bass relief. Basse, Mar. stop- 
per (pieces of ropes knotted at the end.) 
Bosses de bout, stojipers of the anchor. Bosses 
afouet, stoppers for the rigging. Bosses a 
bouton, deck-stoppers. Modtresse bosse or qui 
prend da grand nwt, dog-stopper. Bosses qui 
prennent des uiles de la fosse aux c&bles, \v\n^- 
stoppers. Clierilles a boucle pour les bosses du 
cdbte, siopper-holis. Bosses des cables, stop- 
l>ers of the cables 

BossiXAGE, bos-la^, s. m. embossing (of 

BossEEER, b6s-l^, V. a. to embosb (plate ;) 
also to crimple (said of leaves.) 

BossEMAN,s.m.niferiour boatswain's mate, 
quarter-master's mate. 

BossER, V. a. Mar. to stopper. Les ecoutet 
des huniers sont-elles bossees jHtrt ml 1 are the 
top-sail sheets stoppered fore and aft? 

BossETTE, b6-s^t, s. f. (of a horse's bit,) 
stud. (Of a buckler,) boss. 

BossoiR, s. m. War. cat-head. 

Bossu, E, b6-s&, su, adj. &. s. crooked, 
humped. Cimetiere bossu, fat cliurch-yard. 
Chemin-bossu, rugged or uneven way 

Bossu ER,b6-s6-a,v. a. to bi-uisc,dint, hatter. 

BoT, adj. m. ex. Pied Zio/, p'iSi-bfi, stump or 
club foot. 

BoT, s. m. sort of Dutch boat. 

BoTANK^UE, b6-ta-iiik, s. f. botany. 

BoTANiQUE, adj. botanical. 

BoTANiSTE, b&-ta-nist, s. m. botanist. 

BoTHNiEjS. f. Bothnia. 

BoTTE, bSt, s. f. boot. Gra'^sfsboUes, jack 
boots. .Bo«e, bunch, bundle ; (of hay) truss, 
bottle; (of wine) butt ; (of silk) hank ; (of a 
carriage) step ; (of mud or s}«)w) clod ; coup 
defleuret, (in fencing) pass or ihnist. 11 luia 
portA une -cilaine or une terrible botte, he served 
him a very scurvy or slippery trick. Porter 
une botte a quelqu'un, to strike one, make a 
pass at one, also borrow money of one. 

Botte {en,) Mar. in frame. Bntiwent en botte, 
the frame of^a vessel in pieces numbereti (or put- 
ting togedwT. Futaille en botte, cask in frame. 

Botte, e, adj. booted. 

BoTTELAGE,b6t-l^::, s. m. bottling of hay, 
making of hay into bottles. 

BoTTELER, b&t-la, V. a. Bnt'e/er du foin, 
to make bottles of hav , bottle hay. 

BoTTEEEUii, bftl-l^ur, s. m. maker of hay 
into bottles. 

BoTTER, b5-ta, V. a. to mcke boots ; also 
to put or help one's boots on. »<e bolter, v. r. 
to put one's boots on ; also to clog one's shoes 
with mud, etc. 

BoTTtNE, b6-t?n, s. f. buskin, small boot. 

BoTTiER, s. m. boot-maker, thoc-maker. 

Bouc, bSok, s. ni. he-goat ; also goat skin 
for wine or oil. Bouc emissaire, scape-goat 

BoucAN, bSo-ka/t, s. m. baw dv-hotise or 
stew, brothel ; also uiensil on v^hich the wild 
Indians smoke and dry their meat. 

BoucANER, b6o-k&-na, v. a. to ci-ck fish or 
flesh as the Indians do ; also to httnt oxen for 
their skins ; to go a whoring. 

BoucANiER, boo-kii-nla, s. m. kunter of 
oxen in the West-liuljes, buccaneer. 

BoucASsiN, s. m. kind of fustian. 

BoucASSiNE, E, adj. ex. Toile boucassin^e. 
linen cloth made fiistian-like. 

BoucAUT, s. m. hogshead. 

Eo ucH E,b6osh,s. f. mouth. Fermer la bou/:ht 
h quelqu'un, to stop one's mouth, put him to si 
lence, silence him. // dit tout ce qui lui rient h 
4a bouche, be speaks what comes next or what 
lies uppermost. Avoir bomie bouche or bmwlu 
console, to keep counsel, be secret. Traitcr a 
boiwhe q7w reujr-iu,\.o treat nobly, provide good 
cheer. Nous Mons la a bouche que vt-ux-tu, we 
lived there in clover. Faire la jietile bouche de 
' 5«e/oMec/iose,to mince the matter. Ellen' en faii 




biise, b&t : jeiuie, m^ute, beuire : infant, c^nl, Vihi : v'm : mon : hum. 

point la petite bimr.he, slie does not mince it, 
she speaks openly or freely. Clieval qui n'a 
point de boucIi£ or qui a la bouclie mauvaise, 
un cheval/o't en bouclie, hard mouthed horse. 
Cheval qui a une bonne bouclie, hard feeding 
horse. Cli^ixil qui n'a ni bouclie ni Speron, 
horse that obeys neither the bridle nor the 
spur. Assurer la bouclie a un cheval, to bring 
a horse to a certainty of rein. II n'a ni bouclie 
ni iperon, he is a man of no discourse or wit. 
Bouclie a l/ouclie, face to face. Selon ta bourse 
gouveme to. bouclie, you must cut your coat ac- 
cording to your cloth. J'ai trente bouclies a 
noutrir, I nave thirty mouths or peoiJe or 
beasts to i'ecd. Bouclie. (with princes) kitch- 
en ; also officers of the king's kitchen. Cela 
vousfera bonne bouclie, that will leave a plea- 
sant taste in your mouth. Laisser ses conrives 
sur la bonne bouclie, to serve the best things at 
the latter end of the enlcrtainment. Jeoarde 
ces fruits pour la bonne bouclie, 1 keep these 
fruits for the last bit. Cela vie fait x-enir I'eaii 
h la bouclie, that makes my mouth water. 
L'eau lui en cient a la bouclie, liis mouth waters 
at it. 

BoucHE, K, adj. stopped, e/c. Port bouche 
par les sables, harbour choked up with sand. 
Homme qui a I'esprit boucli^, heavy, dull wit, 
man of slow apprehension. 

Bouch£e, bdo-sha, s. f. mouthful, morsel, 

Boucher, bSo-shSi, v. a. {fermer) to stop 
or shut or dam up. Boucher une vote d'eau, 
to stop a leak. 

Boucher, bSo-sha, s. m. butcher. 

Bouchere, bio-sher, s. f. butcher's wife or 
widow; also woman who keeps a butcher's 

BoccHERiE, bSosh-H, s. f. shambles. Aller 
h la boucherie, to go to the butcher's. Viande 
deboiKlierie,h\}tc\\er's meat. Bouclierie,h{iuh- 
ery,slaughler,caniage,discoinfiture, massacre. 

BoucHETURE, bftosh-tiir, s. f. fence, en- 

BoucHE-TROU, s. m. pia-basket. 

BoucHOiR, s. m. lid or door of an oven. 

BoucHo.v, b6o-sho», s. m. stop|)le, cork ; 
(sign of a wine-seller) bush ; (of straw) wisp ; 
any thing rumpled. Afon petit bouclwn, my 
little punch, my liille honey. 

BoucHON.VER,bfto-s!i5-im,v.a. tomnwilha 
wisp (a horse;) to rumple; to fondle (children.) 

Bouci.E, bftokl.s. f. a buckle; ear-ring; 
knocker (of a door;) curl (of liair.| 

Boucle, Mar. (of a rope or block) eye. 
Boiick in other cases may generally be rimr. 
Le capi faille Pa fait nieltre sous boucle, the cap- 
tain clapped him in irons. Tmir sous boucle, ' 
to keep in irons. I 

Boucle, e, adj. curled, etc. Un port 
boucle, a haven blocked up. 

Bouclement, bfiokl-m^rt, s. m. ringing (of 
a mare.) 

B0UCI.ER, bAo-kli, V. a. to buckle ; to curl 
or put in ringlets; to ring; to make an end 
of; (un marche) to bind, clench (a bargain ;) to 
block up, lay an embargo on the ships in iwrt. 

Bouci.ier, b?)o-kl1-a, s. m. buckler, shield, 
defence, protection. Lec4e de boiicliers, nuicli 
ado about nothing 1 

BoucoN. s. m. poison, poisoned bit. On luia 
donn^Ze/)OMcon,he was poisoned. Avaler/ebon- 
con, to be poisoned; also to swallow a gudgeon. ' 

Boudelle, s. f. first quill of a goose's 
wing, pinion. 

BouuER, b5o-da, v. n. to pout, look gruffl 
Bonder, v. a. to glout at, pout at. 
BouDERi E, b6od-ri, s. f. pouting, angry look 
BoucEU-R, SE,b6od-d3ur, d^uz, s. m. & 
f. one that pouts or looks gruff. 

BouDiN, bdo-diw, s. m. pudding. 

Boudin, Mar. middle rail of the head (in 
French ships of war.) 

BuuuiNiERE, bOo-dT-ni^r, s. f. little fun- 
nel used in making puddings. 

Boudoir, bio-dwir, s. m. private room, 

BouE, b6o, s. f. dirt, mire, mud, low state 
or condition ; matter, corruption. Une Amt 
de boue, a dirty, base, pitiful, sneaking, un- 
generous soul. 

BouEE, s. f. buoy. V Buoy. 

BooEUR,l)fto-?ur,s. ni. dustman,scavenger 

BouEU-x, SE, bSo-iuz, ^uz, adj. dirty 
miry, muddy. 

Bouffant, e, adj. puffing. 

*BouFFE, s. f. chaps. Je te donnerai sur 
la bouffe, I will give lliee a slap on the chaps. 

BuuFF^ E, b6o-fa, s. f. puft, whiff, blast; 
little fit. H'adonner a une chose par bouffees, 
to {lo a thing by fits and starts. Bouj}'ee de. 
r^w<, puff of wind, ^ust of wind. 

BouFFER, bSo-ta, V. a. to puff or blow up. 
Bouffer, v. n. to puff, swell. 

BbuFFETTE, bflo-fSt, s. f. ear-knot (of 

BouFFi, E, adj. puffed un,.swoln. Visage 
hotiffi., bloated face. Style Ivajfi., turgid style. 

BouFFiR, b6o-ffr, v. a. to jiuff up, bloat, 
swell. Boujir, v. n. Se boujjir, v. r. to puff, 

BouFFissuRE, bfto-fl-sLir, s. f. puffing, 
swelling up, turgescency, being hloaled. 

BouFKoN, .NE,bdo-fo7i, fAn, adj. fullofjests, 
pleasant, jocose, merry, jovial, droll, facetious. 

BouFKON, s. rn. buffoon, jester, droll, mer- 
ry Andrew. 

BouFFONNER, bfio-f3-na, v. n. to play the 
buffoon or droll, be merry or full of jests. 

BoUFFO.NNEUiE, b6o-'f Au-rl. s. f. buffoone- 
ry, scurrility, jesting, drollery. 

BouGE, "bftor, s. m. lodge; little room or 
closet. Baucre (de la futaille,) middle of a cask. 

Bouse, Mar. rounding. 

Boi;geoir, s. m. candlestick for tlie hand 
(i. e. without a foot.) 

BoUGER, bfto-;a, v. n. to budje, stir. 

Bougette, s. f. leather travelling bag. 

Bougie, b5o-il, s. f. wax-candle. 

BouGiER, V. a. to grease the eAge of cloth 
with a wax candle (to prevent its unravelling.) 

BoucoNNER, V. n. to grumble, mumble. 

BouGRA.v, bflo-gr^n, s. m. buckram. 

BouGRE,s. in. toTmer\y Bidfrare ; it then 
signified heretick; it now signifies sodomite, 
dog. etc. 

BouG RESSE, s. f. jade, bitch, etc. 

BouiLLANT, E, adj. boiling hot, scalding 
hot ; hot, hot-headed, petulant, hasty, fiery 
fierce, eager. 

Boun.t.t, b5o-/l, s. m. boiled meat. Nona 
arons bouilli et rati, we have roast and boiled 

BcjuiT.i.i, E, b5o-fl, adj. boiled. 

BouiLLiE, s. f. thick-milk, pap. Faire 
bouillir des pitds de boeuf jusqu'a ce qu'iU 




bar, bat, base : thke, Sbb, over : field, f fg : r6be, rdb, 18rd : m6od. g;6od. 

soient reduits en bouillie, to boil neat's feet to a 

BouiLLiK,b5o-/ir,v. boil, bubble up ; 
to work, ferment. Faire bouUlirdela viande, 
to boil meat. La marmite bout, the pot boils. 
Le san^ bauilloit dans mes vdnes, my lijood 
boiled in m^ veins. La tefeme bout, my head 
burns like hre. 

BouiLLOiRE,b5o-/wiir, s. f. boiler, kettle. 

BoifiLLON, b6o-/on, s. m. broth; boiling 
or bubbling up ; gust or transport ; puff, 
flounce. L'eau sort de la roche a gros bouil- 
lons, the water spouts or comes gushing out 
of the rock. Bouillon blanc, pretty mullein, 
wood-blade,torch-weed,higli laper,"long-v\ ort. 
Bouii.i.oxNEMENT, b5o-/5n-m^n, s. m. wa- 
ter boiling or bubbling up, spouting or gush- 
ing out. 

BouiLLONNER, bdo-/6-n?l, V. n. to boil, 
bubble up, spout or gush out. 

Bouis, V. Buis. 

BouLAiE,s.f field planted with birch-trees. 

BouLA.NGER, h6o-\hi-zk, V. n. to knead 
and bake bread. 

BouLANGER, s. m. baker. 

Boulangere, bSo-l^n-s^r, s. f. baker's wife 
or widow ; aho a woman that bakes. 

BouLANGERiE, bSo-l^K^-rl, s. f. baking, 
art of baking; a/so bake-house. 

BouLE, b6ol,s. f bowl, ball. Jm dehoule, 
bowling-green. Joiier a la bonle, to play at 
bowls. Joner a la bo7ilerue, to play sure play, 
play upon sure ground. Faire line chose a 
boiderue, to do a thing rashlj', without con- 
sideration , at random. Tenir med a boiile, to 
stand fast or close to one's work. 

BouLEAU,bSo-16, s. m. birch-tree. 

BouLER, b8o-la, v. n. to pout or swell the 
throat (as pigeons do.) 

Boui.ET, b6o-lS, s. m. bullet, ball. Coup de 
ftow/rf, bullet-shot. Bow/rf, (of a horse) fetlock, 
pastern-joint. Boukt h rf^/x^e/fs, chain-shot. 

BouLETTE,b5o-l§t,s.f. little ball (of dough 
or hashed meat.) 

Boulevard, bftol-vir, s. m. bulwark ; also 
rampart, fortress. 

BOULEVERSEMENT, b3ol-vfe-m?7i, s. m. 
overthrowing, overturning, turning topsy- 
turvy ; also great confusion, disorder. 

BouLEVERSER, b8ol-v<*r-s^, V. a. to over- 
turn, overitirow, turn upside-down or topsy- 

Boui.EUX, s. m. short thick horse fit only 
for hard work. Un bon bouteux, a plain 
plodding man, a drudge. 

Boui.icHK, s. f. filar, great earthen vase 
used in ships. 

Boui.iMiE, s. f. bulimy, great appetite. 

BounN, bSo-lin, s. m. pigeon's cove, pi- 
geon-hole ; (in building) scaffolding-hole ; also 

BooLiSE, bSo-fin, s. f. Mar. bowline. Bm/- 
line. de niisaine, fore bowline. Boidine de petit 
hunier. fore top bowline. Boidine dn petit per- 
roquet, fore top-gallant bowline. Boidine du 
petit perryqiiet volant, fore top-gallant royal 
bowline. Bouline de la grands voile or grande 
bouline, main bowline. Bouline du grande hu- 
nier, main lop bowline. Bouline dugrandeper- 
roqttet, main lop-gallant bowline. Bouline du 
erande perroquet volant, main top-gallant royal 
bowline. Bouline du pei-roquet defongue, mi- 
zentop bowline. Bouline de laperruclie,mhe» 

top-gallaiit bowline. Bouline du kakatoffs de 
perruche, mizen top-gallant royal bowline. 
Clwquer la bouline du grand hunier, to check 
the main top bowline. Vent de bouline, scant 
wind, tack-wind. 

Bou LINER, V. a. to rob or thjeve in a 
camp ; to dodge, shift, plaj'fast and loose. 

Boidiner, v. a. Mar. Ex. Boutiner le vent, 
to haul the wind. Boidiner une voile, to haul 
\ the bowline of a sail. Boidiner, v. n. to go 
I near the wind, go with the side-wind. 

BouLiXETTE, s. f. Mar. fore-top bowline. 

BouLiNEUR, b8o-li-niur, s. m. camp thief 
thieving soldier. 

BouLiNGRiN, b6o-lin-gri«, s. m. grass 
plot, green-plot, bowling green. 

BouLiNiER,s. m. Mar. plier, ship that goes 
with a side-wind. Bon boubnier, good plier, 
weatherly vessel. Mauvais boulmier, bad 
plier, leewardly ship. 

BouLON,b5o lon,s. m. iron bo!t,a&o weight. 

BouLON, s. m. Mar. boll, square bolt. 

BouLONNER, b6o-l8-na, v. a. to fasten with 

BouQUE, s. f. Mar. narrow passage. 

BouQUER,bfto-^a, v. a. to kiss unwillingly. 
Bouqner, to truckle, submit, buckle to. 

Bouquet, b6o-k&, s. m. nosegay ; plume 
or bunch of feathers ; (of cherries) bunch or 
cluster; (of trees) clump,cluster; (bookbinder's) 
tool ; (of straw) wisp ; (of scions) knot ; (0/ 
hares) buck ; (0/ goats) kid. Fleur qui vieni 
en bouquets, flower that grows in bunches. 

BouQUETiER, bOok-tia, s.m. flower-pot. 

Bouifuetikre, bSok-tW, s. f. nosegay-womau. 

BouQUETiN, bdok-tin, s. m. wild goat. 

BouQuiN, bflo-«iw, s. m. old he-goat. Un 
vienx l>ouqnin,nn old lecher. Aji old worm-eat- 
en book. Sentir le houquin, to smell rammish. 

BouQuiNER,bdo-jH-na, v. n. to read old 
books, be a book-worm, go a book-hunting ; 
to cou])le (liares.) 

BouQuisERiE, s. f. heap of old, worm- 
eaten books. 

BouQUiNEUR, s. m. one fond of old books^ 

CouquiNiSTE, b6o-Al-n!st, s. m. second- 
hand bookseller. 

BouRACAN, bfto-r^-kin, s. m. barracan. 

BouRBE, bflorb, s. f. mud, mire, dirt. 

BouRBEU-x, SE, bSor-b^u, b^uz, adj. mud- 
dy, miry, full of mud. 

BouRBiER, b8or-bI^, s. m. mire, slough, 
pudrlle, danger, lurch, scrape. II est dans U 
bourhier, he is in a hole. 

BoUREiLi.oN, b5or-bi-loM, s. m. matter 
from a sore, corruption. 

BouRCER, V. a. Mar. to contract the sails. 

BouRCETS, s. ni. pi. Mar. lugger's largest 

BouRCETTE, s. f. corn-salad. V. M&clie. 

BouRDALOu, b6or-di-16o, s. m. hatband 
with a buckle. 

BovRDE, bftord, s. f. fib, lie, sham. 

BouRDER,bdor-d?i,v. fib, sham, bam 
boozle, fun, sell a bargain. 

BouRnEU-R,SE, bflor-dSur, diuz,s. m. & 
f. fibber, shammer. 

BouRDii.LON, s. m. cleft wood to make 
casks, staves. 

BouRDiN, s. m. sort of peach. 

Bourdon, bSor-dwj, s. m. drone; {in 
jninting) out, omission ; {pf a pilgrim) staff. 





buse, bftt: j^ane, mSute, b&uire: hiPdnl, chni, \ihn: v'm: mon: bru«. 

Planter le bourdon, to pitch one's camp, set- f 
tie, set up one's staff. Faux bourdon, a sort 
of church musick. 

BouRDON.NEMENT, bftor-d3n-m^n , s. m. 
buzzing, humming ; tinkling, buzz, murmur. 

BouRiJONNER, bftor-cld-ua, v. n. to buzz, 
hum ; to mumble, mutter. 

BouRuoNNKT, s. m. dozel. 

lioi;RG, bftork, s. m. borough, market- 
town, country-house. 

BouRGAi^K, b6or-gild, s. f. small borough. 

BouRGA(iK,s. m. burgage. 

BouRGEois,bftor-twa,s. m. citizen, burgh- 
er or burgess , commoner ; cit. Lt; bourgeois, 
may mean all tlie citizens ; as well as tlie mas- 
ter, the master tradesman. 

Bourgeois, e, adj. of or belonging to a 
citizen, citizen-like. Caution-bourgeoise, city- 

BouKGEOiSE, b6or-2wiz, s. f. citizen's 
wife ; ciiess. 

BouRGEOisEMENT, h&or-zvfkz-mht, adv. 
citizen-like, like a cit. 

Bourgeoisie, bdor-twi-zl, s. f. freedom, 
freedom of citizens. Dontier a qnel'/ii'uH le 
droit de bourgeoisie, to make one a freeman. 
Avoir k droit de bourgeoisie, to be free (of a 
city ;) the citizens or burghers {collective/ u.) 

Bourgeon, b6or-eo«, s. m. bud, eye, but- 
ton (o/p/tf/i^*;) pimple (on the face.) 

BouRGEONNK, E, adj. full of pimples. 

Bourgeonner, b5or-i5-na, v. n. to bud, 
bourgeon, shoot, put forth. Son risage com- 
mence a bourgeonner, his face comes out in 

BouRGMESTRE, bftorg-mSslrc, s. m. bur- 

Bourgogne, bftor-gftgn, s. f. Burgundy; 

Bourguepine, s. f. buck-thorn. 

Bourguignos, ne, adj. Burgundian, of 
Burgundy, born in Burgundy. 

BouRGOiGNOTE,b6or-j-i-gn5t,s. f. burgan- 
net, a Spanish murrion. 

BouRiQUET, s. m. pulley (used in mines.) 

BouRJAssoTE, s. f. kind of fig. 

BouRi.ET, V. Bourrelet. 

BouRRACHE, bSo-rAsh, s. f. borage. 

BouRRADE, bSo-rad, s. f. beating, thrash- 
ing, blow ; home-thrust ; snapping or biting 
(of a grey-hound without catching the hare!^) 

BouRRAsquE, s. f. Mar. sudden and vio- 
leiU sq jail, storm. 

Bo u R R E, b6or, s. f. (of saddles, morlar, etc.) 
cow's hair, etc. Bourre lanice, flocks of wool. 
lionrre tontice, shear-wool. Lit de bourre, 
flock-b6<1. Brmrre (of a s^im) wadding, wad. 
Lirre okil xj a bea?tco:tp de bourre, book full of 
trjLsh. ' I 

Bourre, e, adj. thrashed, mauled, beaten. | 
_ BouRREAUjbiVo-nS.s. m. hangman, execu- | 
tioner, Jack-catch. Tormentor, cruel man, i 
butcher. Bourrean d^argeid, speiid-lhrift. 

BouRREE, bfto-r'i, s. f fagot of chatwood 
or brush wood ; (in dancing) boree. 

BouRRELER,v. a. to torment, torture, rack. 

Bourrelet, bdor-l^, Mar. puddening or 

Bourrelet or BouREt.ET, s. m. pad, 
roll stuffed with flocks of wool or hair, etc. 
«ho pad or padding for a young child's head ; 
and Itood worn by graduates ; (of horses) col- 
Uur; (in dro2]sy)'s\ve\\\ag in the back; cuiT, 

sham or false sleeve. Bourrelet de cordage, 
tissu, m. Mar. puddening. 

BiiURKELiER, b(ior-iicL, s. m. harness- 
maker, collar-maker. 

BouRRELLE, bAor-rSl, s. f. crael woman ; 
also hangman's wife. 

*BouRRKLLEMENT,s.m. sting or remorse. 
*Bou r. KELLER I E,s.ftorment,racking-pain. 

BouRRER, b'6o-rii,v. a. to ram, ram home 
a charge or wad ; to pad, stuff, wad ; to boat, 
thrash, belatH>ur ; to pay ol^', run ilown ; (of a 
hound) to be so near as to bite the hair of a 

BuuRRicuE, s. f. baaket for or full of game 
or poultry. 

BouRRiQUE, bflo-rTk, s. f. he or she-ass. 

BouKRiquET, bdo-ri-A-S, s. m. ass's colt ; 
hand-barrow, sort of turn-stile. 

BoURROCHE, s. f. l)orage, pot-herb. 

BouRRU, E, bfto-rfl, ri'i, adj. humorsome, 
capricious, fantastical, peevish, cross, morose. 
Vin hourru, Jiew and sweet white wine that 
has not worked. Moine bourru, bug-bear. 

BouRSAUT, s. m. sort of willow. 

Bourse, bdors, s. f. purse; (in the Levant) 
sum of 500 crowns ; fellowship, pension or 
maintenance for poor students; vesicle; hull, 
peel, pod, skin, coat; the exchange; purse- 
net ; bag (of the hair.^ Bourse de secretcrire 
da roi, lees of a king s secretary. Coujieur 
de bourse, cut-purse, pick-pocket. Faire 
bourse a part, to keep ones own money. 
Vest une bomie bourse, he is a monied man. 
Bourse en reseau, net purse. Perniqite h 
Itourse, bagwig. Bourse h berger (plant) 
shepherd's purse, toy wort. Bourses, the 

BouRSETTE, s.'f. Small purse. 

BouRSiER, E, bftor-sfi, s?^, s. m. & f. 
purse-maker or seller. Purser, bursar, trea- 
surer ; fellow or scholar that has a pension or 
maintenance in a college. 

BouRsn.LER, boor-s5-A, V. n. to contribute 
towards an expense. 

BouRsoN, bSor-son, s. m. fob, little leather 

BouRSOUFL^, E, adi. bloated, blown «p ; 
puffed up. Un gi-os hoursoii/le, big bloated 
body. Sttjleboursonjle, turgitlstyle. 

BouRsouKi,ER, bdor-s6o-fla, v.. a. to bloat 
or blow up, puff up. 

BouscuLER, v. a. to overthrow, overturn, 
turn upside-down. 

Bouse, b6oz, s. f. cow-dung. 

BousiLLAGE, b6o-z?-laj, s. m. mud-wall 
or mud-walling ; bungling piece of work. 

BousiLLER,b6o-zWa, v. n. to make a 
mud-wall ; also to f.ungle. 

Bousir.LEUR,b5o-zi-/eur, s. m. mud-wall- 
er ; also bungler. 

BousiN, s. m. soft crust, (of stones when 
taken out of the quarry.) 

Bouss()i.E,bOo-s6l, s. f. compass, sea or 
mariner's compass ; ixlso guide, conductor. 

BousTRopHEDON.s. m. manner of writing 
alternately from right to left and from left to 

Bout, b3o, s. m. end, extremity ; (end of a 
scabbard) chape ; (of a foil) button ; (of the 
nose) tip: nipple; ferrule; patch (of a shoe;) 
morsel, bit, piece ; (of silver to be made into 
icire) stick. Un petit boui d'homme. a little 
man, a dwarf, a shrimp. Uh bout de j^mite, 



hir, hh, b^se : th^re, ^bb, ovgr : field, Hg : nSbe, rSb, I6rd : mAod, gftod. 

stump of ci-peii. Le Aas bout, the lower end I 
Rire du bout des l^vres, to make a forced 
laug'h. Eire assis au haitt bout, to sit at tiie 
upper end. Tenir le liaut bout, to get the 
upper end. Vevir a bout de, to bring about, 
compass or attain to, accomplish, manage. 
On ne peut veriir a bout de eel enfant, this child 
cannot be managed, 
mettre a hmU,io Ure; i 

strike home. Pousser tme' chose h hoia, to 
bring a business to an issue. Cela lui est de- 
tneur^ au bout de la plume, he has forgot to 
Virite it, he left it in the inkhorn. Aroir nn 
nom sur le bout de la lansrue, to have a name | 
at one's tongue's end. Savoir qiielque chose ' 
sur le bout du doigt, to have a thing at one's 
fingers' ends. Se tenir sur le boiU des pieds, 
to stand on tip-toe. Tirer qmlqu'wt h bout 
portant or a bout toiichaiU, to shoot one with a 
cun clapped to his breast. D'mi hoiU a t'otttre, 
from the beginning to the end, all over. Au 
bout du compte, when all is done, after all. A 
tout bout de climiip, ever, ever and anon, at 
every turn. 

Bout, War. end, butt, etc. Bmd d'/tn cord- 
ite, rope's end. Bout de beaupre, bumpkin. 
Bout de bordage, butt of a plank. Bout de 
lof, out-rigger. Bout de rerir?ie, yard-arm. 
Bout du garctid d'un palan, fall of a tackle. 
Bouts de cables, junks. Aroir vent de bout, to 
have the wind m one's teeth or right cthead. 
Au bout de, at the end of. Attraperons-nous 
le nwuiUage a bout de hordee ? shall we fetch 
the anchoring-place this stretch ? Bo>ii-pour- 
bout, end for end. Changeons bout-pour-bout 
une paiiie de nos manoeuvres coiirantes, let us 
shift some of our running rigging end for 

BoUTADE, bSo-tad, s. f. spirit, start, fit, 
maggot, w lim. BoiUade de vers, poetic rap- 

*BonTADEUX, SE,' adj. maggoty, full of 

BouTANT, adj. m. Ex. Arc-boutind, pillar 
that supports an arch ; Pilier boutant, pillar 
that supports or strengthens a building. 

rBouTARGUE, s. f. botarM. 

BouTE, bftot, s. f. Mar. large cask for fresh 
water ; also tub or bucket to put the drink in 
which is distributed to the crew. 

BouTE, E, adj. the legs lame from the knee 
to the cornet (said of a horse.) 

BouTE-EN-TRAiN, s. m. bird that teaches 
others to sing ; also person that leads in a di- 

BouTE-FEU, s. m. lint-stock ; gunner; in- 
cendiary, firebrand. 

BouTE-HORS, s. m. beat the knave out of 
doors, (kind of play.) Joiieraii bmde-hors, io 
endeavour to supplant ore another. Boute- 
Aw«, good utterance or delivery. Boute-hors, 
Mar. boom. 

BouTEiLLAGE, s. m. butlerage. 

BouTEiLLE, h&o-i^l, s. f. bottle ; bubble. 
Coup de pied de bouteille, red pimple. Bou- 
ieilie, Mar. gallery, quarter-gallery. Fausse 
bouteille, tiuarter-badge. 


BouTELOT, s. f. Mar. bumpkin, outlicker. 

•BouTER, V. a. (mettre) to put. 

BouTEROi.i.E, bftot-rfti, s. f. chape of a 
Bcabbard, tool of a lapidary, a steel punch, 
•raid of a key. 

BouTE-SEi.LE, s. m. Signal for mounting. 
Sonver le boute-selle, to sound to horse. 

BouTE-Torx-cuiRE, s. m. glutton, spend 
all, spend-thrift. 

BoUTiLLiiR, bfto-tl-fii, s. m. bu'ler. 

Boutique, b&o-tIk,s. f. shop; siall; ped- 
lar's box ; w ork-shop ; tools, iinjilements, 
Pousser a bout, or 11 trade; trurJi (place in which fish are iuja in a 
to put to a nonplus, \\jishing-boat.) 

^ ' BouTiQuiER, s. m. shop-keeper. 

Boutis, bfio-il, s. m. rooting place of a 
wild boar. 

Boutisse, bdo-iis, s. f. Ex. Pierre en bou- 
tisse et en paremetU, stones laid crosswise and 
leno^thwise alternately. 

BoUTOiR, b&o-lwar, s. m. snout of a wild 
boar ; farrier's buttress. 

BouTOX, b<io-to«,s.m. button; bud; pim- 
ple ; knob ; (of a musket) sight. Serrer le 
boidon a qneliiu'un, to keep a strict hand over 
one, be pressing oi- urgent vviih him. 

Bouton, Mar. knot. Bmiton d'un canon, 
button or cascabel or pomiglion of a cannon. 

BouTUNNE, E, adj. buttoned. Nez bou- 
tonne ,noseivi\\ of red pimples. 

BouTONNER, b5o-t6-nl, V. a. to button. 

Boutonmr, v. n. to bud ; to break out with 

Se boutormer, v. r. to button one's self. 

BouTONNERiE, bdo-tftu-H, s. f. buttons, 

BouTONNiER, bio-tft-nia, s. m. button- 

BouTONNiERE, b6o-t3-nI^r, s. f. button- 

BouTS-Ki!«:£s,bAo-rT-m^,s. m. pi. rhymes 
given in order to be tilled up and made into 

BouT-RiMEUR,s. m. One that fills up given 

"Boutcre, bdo-tihr, s. f. slip of a tree or 
plant, sucker. 

Bou VA Ri>, s. m. young bull ; also hammer 
used in coining before the invention of dies or 

BouvEAU,V. Bouvillon. 

Bouverie, b5o-vrl, s. f. stable for oxen, 
place where oxen are kept in pubKc markets, 

Bouvier, s. m. BouTiERE, bAo-vIi, vl^r, 
s- f neat-herd, cow-herd ; clown, churl ; 

Bouvir,LON,b6o-v!-/ow, s. m. bullock. 

BouvREUiL, s. m. bullfinch. 

BouXE, BouziN, V. Bouse, Bousm. 

BoYAU,bwa-yA,s.m. gut, bowel, intestine; 
hose (to convey Koter.) Corde a boyau, cat- 
gut. jL>escCTifecfeAo?/a»fcr, rupture, burst, Boyau, 
branch of a trench in fortification. 

BoYACDiER, bwS-vA-dia, s. m. one that 
makes strings for musical instruments, gut 

BoYER, s. m. kind of Flemish or Dutch 

Brabant, s. m. Brabant. 

Bracelet, bras-l8, s. m. bracelet. 

Brachial, adj. m. (pron. Brakial) bra- 
chial. Ex. Mnsole braclnal, brachial muscle. 
It is also used substantively/. 

BRACONNER,brS-kft-ni, v. n. to poach 

Braconnier, bri-k3-n?a,s. m. poacher. 

Brague, s. f. Mar. span. Bragtie dt 
canon, breeching of a gun. Brogues de 




biise, b6l : j^iine, mlute, blun-e : Imtknl, chit, lien ; viw ; mem : bru»t. 

^outsemail, rudder stoppers (to prevent its be- 
Mar. pitch. Brai sec, 

lag' unshipped.) 
Brai, br^, 

pitch. V. Braye. 

Braip:, br^, s. f. cloct [of an infant.) 
Fausse braie, s. f. fausse-braie, or false bray. 
V. B.-aije. 

*Braks, breaches, slops, trowscrs. Sortir 
d'um affaire braiesiieUes, to save one's bacon, 
gel ofl clear. 

Braillari), br4-/ar, /ard, V. BraiUeur. 

BraiUarde, V. Brailleuse. 

Brailler, bri-/a, v. n. to brawl, be 
Bois}- or obstreperous. 

Braii.leur, brk-liur,l!taz, s. m. brawler, 
noisy or obstreperous teilow. 

Brailleuse, s. f. brawling woman, brawler, 

Braiment, s. m. braying. 

Bkairk, br^r, v. n. to bray as an ass. 

Braise, briz, s. f. live coal, burning coa! ; 
also baker's small coal. 

Bramkr, bra-m^, v. n. to braj' {as a rfa^.) 

Bran or Bren, br^n, s. m. turd, sirrever- 
ence, bran; ^de Judas) freck\e ; saw-dii^t. 

Bran, jnierj. a fart. Bran de vous et de vos 
services, a fart for you and your services. 

Branc, s. m. long sword, rapier. 

Brancard, bren-kir, s. m. kind of litter ; 
also shaft (of a coach or chaise.) 

Braschage, brew-shiz, s. m. branches, 

Braxche, br^nsh, s. f. branch, bough; 
branch ; {of a sword hilt) bow. Cliandelier a 
branches, branch-candlestick. 

Branche-ursine, s. f. Acanthus. 

BRANCHER,br^«-sha,v. a.tohaiigonatree. 

Brancher, v. n. to perch, roost. 

Bra.schier,s. m. brancher, joung hawk. 

Branchies.s. f. pi. the gills of a fish. 

Branchu, e, breu-shii, shi, adj. full of 

Brande, br^wd, s. f. heath; brandes, (in 
huuiiii;^) tKiughs of trees. 

Brandebourg, br^/id-l)Aor, s. m. Bran- 
denburg; also kind of button hole. 

Brandetourg, s. f. campaign-coat, surtout. 

BRANUEViN,brind-virt, s. m. brandy. 

BRA>.'DEViiiiER,E, briud-vi-nia, s m. &. 
f. sutler. 

Br\kdi, e, adj. (from Bmnrfir) brandish- 
ed. Enlewr un fardeau tout brandi, ia lake 
up a burden all at once or iu the condition it 
is in. 

Braxdillement, hrhi-fSl-min, s. m. 
Ewmging, tossing. 

Branuii.ler, hrin-dl-la., v. n. to swing, 
toss, shake to and fro. Se brandiller, v. r. to 
swing, see-saw. 

Brandilloire, brin-d!-/vvkr. s. f. swing. 

*Brasdir, brert-dir, v. a. to brandish. 
Braitdir uu chevron sur la panne, to fasten a 
rafter on a beam. 

Brandon, brerj-don, s. m. wisp of straw 
lighted ; flake of fire. Lebrandon de cupidan, 
the torch of love. 

Branlant, te, adj. shaking, wagning. 

BuANi.E, breni, s. m. motion, agitation, 
tos^'ingi jo&ging brawl (so.-t of dance ;) ba- 
lance, susocnse doubt. Mener le branle, \.o 
lead (he <lance. Sonner Ifs chches en branle, 
to ii;ig out the bells. Mdtre une cloche en 
Iraiik, to raise a bell. Dunner le branle. a une 

affaire, to influence or encourage a thing,' to 
set it a going. Faire darner un branle de sor^ 
fie a quelqu'un. to turn one out, show one the 
door. C'est lui qui a donne le branle aux 
aiUres, it is he that stirred up the rest or that 
set the rest to work. 

Branle, Mar. hammock. Branle-has, up aii 
hammocks. Faire branle-bas, to lash up and 
take down all the hammocks from between 
deck. Faire branle-has general, to clear for 
action. Faire brajile bus de pro])ret^, to clear 
away for washing below. F.tre en bi-jnle- 
bos, to be clearing ship. V. Pcxser. 

Branlement, br^l-m^rt, s. m. motion, 
agitation, tossing. Jogging, shaking. 

BRANi.ER,l)r<^/(-la,v. a. to shake, jog, stir. 

Branter, v. n. to shake, jog, stir, nr.cvc, 
wag. Les deiils lui branknt, his teeth are 
loose ; to stagger, totter ; to give ground ; to 
be unsteady or wavering, stagger, waver, be 
in doubt, vacillate. 

Branleu-r, se, s. m. & f. shaker. 

Bra.nloire, br^-lwkr^ s. f. see-saw. 

Braque, brak, s. m. kind of short tailed 

Bkaqlemart, s. m. short and broad 
sword, whiiiyard. 

Braquement, brSk-m5n, s. m. levelling 
of a piece of onlnance. 

Br aquer, bri-Xra, V. a. to turn, set (w-bend. 
Braquer un canon, to level or point a caimon. 

Bras, brfi, s. m. arm ; elbow or arm (of a 
chair;) cIhws (of a lobster;) fore-leg (of a 
horse;) handle, sconce ; arm or power; cou- 
rage. Deinnirer les bras croises, to stand with 
one's arms across, be idle. Se Jeter entre Us 
bras de qiielqi/'un, to cast one's self upon ano- 
ther for protection. Vivre de ses bras, to live 
by one's labour. A force de bras, by main 
strength. 11 avail le bras retrouss^ jiisqu'au 
coade, he; had his sleeve turned up to the el- 
bow. // a une grandc famille sur les bras, he 
has a great family to maintain. Ai'oir de 
grandes affaires sur les bras, to have great 
concerns m hand. Avoir beaucoup de crean- 
ciers sur les bras, to hiive many duns at one's 
heels. S'altirer un puissant ennemi sur les 
bras, to draw a powerful enemy upon one's 
back. J'ai sur les bras un puissant ennemi, 
I have to do with a powerful enemy. // Tnt 
jette toiites ses forces sur les bras, he turns all 
his forces against me. Terulre les bras h 
quelqu'un, to be ready to help, relieve, assist 
or {jfotect one ; to offer one aid or protection. 
Preler son bras a quelqu'un, to lend one as- 
sistance or help. C'est mon bras droit, he is 
my right hand or the greatest help I have. 
Je reii.v avoir les bras casses, si, 1 will be 
burned or hanged, if. Bras dessus, bras des- 
sous, arm in arm. 

Bras, Mar. brace. Grands bras or bras de 
la grande vergne, main braces. Bras de la 
ixrgne seclie, cross-jack braces. Bras de 
misaine, fore braces. Bras du petit perroquet, 
fore top-gallant braces. Bras du grand per- 
roquet, main top-ga!laut braces. Bras dm 
petit perroquet vo&nl, fore top-gallant royal 
braces. Bras du grand perroquet volant, main 
top-gallant nival braces. Bras<le laperrucke, 
mizen top-gallant braces. Fau.r bras, pre- 
venter braces. Bras de I'uncre, arms of the 
anchor. Bras d'un ariron, loom of an oar 
Bras da vent, weather-braces. Bras de dei' 




bir, bS.1, base : th^re, 6bb, over : field, fig : r6be. rSb, Iflrd : m6od, gScd. 

tmis U vent, Ice-braces. Bras de vier or de 
rixriire, arm of the sea or of a river. Petil 
bras de mer, inlet of the sea. Faire hon bras, 
to round in the weather-braces (when the 
wind draws all.) V. Brasser. 

Braskr, v. a. to braze, solder. 

BuAsiER, br^-zia, s. in. brisk clear fire of 
coals or w ood ; pan for coals, brasier ; fire, 
burning flame, great heat. 

Brasillku, bi-i-z?-/a, V. a. to broil. upon 
charcoal. Faire hrasiller des ptcfies, to broil 

BRAS<iUE, s. f. mixture of clay and pound- 
ed charcoal for the inside of furnaces. 

Brassage, s. m. coining or minting of mo- 
ney. Droif. de brassage, coinage. 

Brassard, bri-siVr, s. m. piece of armour 
for the arm ; leather-cuff or bracer. 

Brasse, brSs, s. f. fathom, six feet. 

BRASS£E,bra-sa, s. f. arm-full. 

Brasser, br2i-s^, v. a. to brew; to mix 
together (metals;) to brew, plot, hatch, con- 
trive, imagine or devise. Brasser, v. a. IVlar. 
fo brace. Brasser les voi/es a cider, to back 
the sails. Brasse tout a culer, lay all flat a- 
back. Brasser carre, to square the yards. 
Brasse carre derrvre, square the after yards. 
Brasse a contre devaiit, brace about the head 
yards. Brasse an vent, Lrace to, also haul in 
the weather braces. Brasse sous le vent le 
grand kunier, haul in the lee main and main 
top sail braces. Brasse en ■pointe les vergues 
de j>erroquet,^(An\. the top-gallant yards to the 
wind. Brasse bahord, haul in the larboard 
braces. Brasse tribord, haul in the starboard 

Brasserie, bi'is-rl, s. f. brew-house. 

Brasseu-k, sE; br2i-s5ur, siuz, s. m. & f. 

Brassetage, s. m. Mar. inner quarters 
of a yard (between the shrouds.) 

Brassiage, s. m. Mar. depth of water. 

Brassieres, br^-sl^r, s. f. pi. tight waist 
for a child or a woman. 

Brassin, br^-sin, s. m. brewer's copper. 

Bravache, bi-A-vSsh, s. m. bully, hector, 

Bravaue, brii-vSd.s.f. bravado, hectoring. 

Brave, brav, adj. brave, stout, valiant, 
jurageous ; fine, spruce, gallant. 

Brave, s. m. brave man, stout man, gal- 
lant man, man of courage, bully, bravo. 
Fure le brave, to cany it ingli. 

Bravement, hrkv-mhfi, adv. valiantly, 
bravely, stoutly ; finely, adroitly. 

Braver, br^-vi, v. a. to brave, dare, 

Braverie, briv-ri, s. f. fineness, fine 

BRAVOURE,br5^-v(Sor,s.f. bravery, valour, 
courage ; achievement. 

Brave, s. f. Mar. coat of stuff, tarred can- 
vass, coat of a mast, etc. Braije du gouver- 
futil, rudder coat. 

Bray^, e, adj. pitched, done over with 
pitch and tar, etc. 

Brayemev-i V. Brai7tmtt. 

Brayer, or6-y?i,v. a. Mar. to payor pitch, 
t/> pay with hot melted pitch (speaking of 
seams, planks,) etc. 

Braver, bii-ya, s. m. truss ; brail or pan- 
nel (of a Imw/c.) 

Brayers, s. ni. pi. tackle-ropes. 

BRAYETTE,bra-y^t, s. f. fore-flap of a pai 
of breeches. Cod-pigces. 

Breant, brWw, s. m. green finch or king 
of little bird with a big short beak. 

*BKiBiACE, s. m. tax on sheep. 

BuEBis,bre-bl, s. f. sheep, ewe. Brebia 
galeuse, a person of corrupted manners, scab- 
by sheep. 

Breche, br^sh, s. f. breach ; notch, gap; 
breach, prejudice, damage, diminution. 

Breche-uest, adj. ti)at has lost one or 
more of the fore teeth, toothless. 

Brechet, s. m. brisket, breast. 

Brecin, s. m. iron-hook. 

Bredindin, s. m. Mar. garnet, (small 
tackle affixed to the main stay m French 

BREDOUiiXE,br2-u8o?,s. f. lurch (at back- 
gammon.) Etre en bredouille, to be put to a 
nonplus, be beside one's self. Sorlir bredmiilh 
d'un lieu, to leave a place without having been 
able to do what one had intended. 

Bredouillement, brl-d8o/-m^B, s. m. 
stuttering, mumbling. 

BiiEDOUiLLER, bre-d3o-/^, v. n. to stam 
mer, stutter, mumble. 

Bkeuouilleu-r, se, brl-d6o-/^ur, Wuz, 
s. m. & f. stammerer, stutterer. 

BREK,BRivE,br?f,br^v, adj. brief, short. 

En bref, adv. in a short time, shortly, 
briefly, bref, adv. in short, to cut or be short. 

Bkef, s. m. brief or pope's letter; aisa 
church-calendar for the order of divine ser- 

Bregin, s. m. Mar. kind of net with nsir- 
row meshes. 

Brehaigne, brWgn, adj. f. Ex. Bicht 
brehaigne, barren hind. Brehaigne, barren 
woman. or Breland, bre-l^,s. m. kind 
of game at cards ; gaming-house oi- ordinary ; 
pair-royal {three cards oj the same suit.) 

Brelander, br^-1^7«-da,v.n. to game, be 
a gamester [at cards.) 

Brei.andier, e, brl-l^-dl^, d?ir, s. m. 
&, f. gamester, gambler (at cards.) 

Brelandiniek, e, s. m. & f. dealer who 
sells in stalls. 

Brelic-Breeoque or Brelique-Brz- 
LOQUE, adv. heedlessly, carelessly. 

Brei.le, s. f. raft. 

Brei.oque, bil-ldk, s. f. toy, gewgaw. 

Breluche, s. f. threaden and worsted 

BrIme, brim, s. f. bream, a fresh-water 

Bren, V. Bran. 

Breneu-x, se, br?-niu, niuz, adj. beshit- 
ten, beshit, befouled. 

Bresil, brS-ziZ, s. m. Brazil ; also Brazil- 

Br^sit.ler, br^-zWa, v. a. to dye with 
Brazil; also to cut into small pieces. 

Bresillet, s. m. inferior sort of Brazil- 

Bresse, s. f. Bresse, now the departmenl 
of Ain (in France;) also Brescia (a city of 

Bretagne, s. f. Britanny (in France.) 
Grande-Bretagne, Great Britain. Nereu h la 
mode de Bretagne, cousin once removed. 

Bretailler, brl-tfi-Za, v. n. to be quar 




buse, bSt : jeune, meute, beiirre : htCknl, r.irH, lien ; \in : mon ; bruw. 

Bretah.i.kur, bre-ta-/<5ur, s. m. quarrel- 
some fellow. 

Bnr.TAUDER, br3-t6-da, v. a. to crop a 
horse's ears, cut one's hair too short. 

Bretelle, bre-i6l, s. f. strap, handle of a 
dorser or pannier. Breteltcs. gallowses {of 
■pantaloons, etc.) 

Brett E, br(?t, s. f. rapier, lonff sword. 

Brette, e, adj. notched, indented, jag- 
ged or toothed like a saw. 

Brettelek, v. a. to cut stones with a 

Brettkr, v. 17. to be always quarrelling 
and fighting. 

BRETTtJuR, br3-l3ur, s. m. bully, hector, 
quarrelsome fellow. 

Bretture, bre-tur, s. f. teeth or dents of 
some tools. 

Brkuiller,v. a. Mar. to clue up the sails. 

Breve, s. f. (or sijllube breve) short syl- 

Brevement, V. BrUiveinent. 

Brevet, bre-vJ, s. m. writ, brief of the 
crown, commission or warrant of an olficer ; 
indenture ; bill of huling ; charm or spell. 

liREVETE, V. Brieret'l. 

Br^vetaire, s. m. bearer of the king's 
warrant for a church preferment. 

Breveter, v. a. to grant a warrant. 

Breviaire, br?-v?6r,s. m. breviary. Eire 
an bout de son breriaire, to be at one's wit's 
end ; brevier (i;//'^.) 

Breuvage, breu-vi::, s. m. drink, beve- 
rage, also mixture of equal parts of wine and 
water for the crew on board French ships to 
drink during an action ; potion ; drench. 

Bribe, brib, s. f. piece or lunch of bread ; 
scrap ; scraps or broken victuals. 

Bricoi.e, brl-kftl, s. f bricole, re!x>und of 
a ball at tennis, liack stroke at billiards ; kind 
of net; strap o;- thong of ieitiher. Doiiner(ks 
hricoles h quelqu^un, to impose upon one, soli 
him a bargain. De bricole, adv. (indirecfe- 
ment) indirectly. Bncole, Mar. uneasy roll- 
ing of a ship. 

Bricoler, br?-k5-la, v. n. to pass a ball, 
toss sideways ; also to play fast and loose. 

Bride, brid, s. f. bridle; string [of a cap, 
etc. J stay ; loop ; bar. Lm main de la bride, 
the left hand. A brid/" ahattue or a tonte bride, 
full speed. Aller bride en main dans unit af- 
faire, to carry on a business prudently, act 
with deliheralion. Trurailler bride en main, 
to work with deliberation, make no more haste 
than good speed. Tenir la bride haute a 
quelquun, to keep one short or under, keep a 
strict hand over one. 7VniV en bride, to bri- 
dle or curb, keep ic or under. Tourjier bride, 
to turn back or short, wheel about. lAchcr 
la bride a qnelqwnn or Mettre a qiidqn'nn la 
bi ide sur le con, to leave one to himself, let 
one take his own course. Lacker la bride a 
ses passioiu, to indulge or gratify one's pas- 
sions. Un clievalfort en bride, a hard-mouthed 
horse. Briile a veaii, sham, foolish or silly 

Brid£, e, adj. bridled, /.a b^casse est 
iridee, he is caught , the bi bble is trapped. 
Oison bride, silly creature. 

BRiDER,br!-"da, V. a. to bridle, put on a 

bridle ; to rein in, curb, keep under, keep in; 

to tie fast. Brider le mz a quebiii'nn, to hit 

or strike over the fave. Ce clieval m se laisie 


point brider, that horse will not be bridled, 
will not endure a bridle. 

Brider, v. a. Mar. io snap, seize, swift in, 
span in. Brider les haubans, to swift in the 
rigging. Brider les luiubans pour enfrapper 
le irelingage, to span in the rigging fbrseizmg 
on the cat haq^ing legs. 

Bridoir, bri-cwir, s. m. bridle, chincloth. 

Bridon, brl-don, s. m. snaflle or break. 

Brief, Brieve, hri-M, ev, adj brief, 
short, line bonne el brieve Justice, a good ana 
quick dv.'spatch of justice. Ajourmment htroii 
briefs jours, three days adjournment. 

HRiEVEMENT,brf-^v-mi^yj, adv. briefly, ia 
a few words, in short, compendiously. 

BRiEVETE,bri-^v-ia,s.f. brevity, shortness. 

BRiFr.,s. f. a large piece of bread. 

Briker, v. a. to eat greedily, devour, claw 
ofT the victuals. 

l^RiFEU-R, se, s. m. & f. greedy eater 
ravenous feeiler. 

Brig, V. Bri;!;antin. 

Brigade, brl-gdd,s. f. brigade; company 
o;- troop; gang (of robbers.) 

Brigadier, bri-gAdia, s. m. brigadier. 
Bri<^adier, Mar. bow-man (of a boat.) 

BitiGAND, bri-gi/t, s. m. brigand, robber, 

Brigandage, brl-gin-dSr, s. m. robbery, 
hi^h way -robbery, dei>redation. 

BRIGA^tDEP,'brl-gi^^-da, V. n. to rob, go 
on the highway. 

Brigandin, s. m. brigandine. 

Brigantin, bri-giu*-ii7j, s. A>. bnganline, 
bri^. V. Saume. 

Brigittix, e, s. m. & f. monk or nun of 
St. Bridget. 

Brig.noi.e, brf-gnSl, s. f. sort of plums. 

Brignon, V. lirupion. 

Brigue, br?g, s. f canva.ssing, soliciting, 
making interest; brig-ue, party, ciibal, faction. 

Briguer, br7-»u, v. a. to put up or can- 
vass or stand or make interest for. Briguer 
une charge, to stand for an office, to sue, make 
interest lor a place. 

Brigueur, brl-^^eiV, s. m. candidate. 

Brillam.ment, brl-/a-m^«, adv. in a bril- 
liant manner. 

BRii.r.ANT,E,adj. brilliant, shiuing,spark- 
ling, glittering, bright. Cheral brillwnt, fine 
or stately horse. Esprit />r)7/un/, sparkling 
wit. Haineur brillaiUe et enjou^e, brisk and 
lively humour. 

Brii.i,ant, br?-/^w,s. m. brightness, splen- 
dour ; a brilliant. II n'ajioiidde brillant, he 
is not smart, he is duli. Elle a un brillant 
d'esprit qui enchaiite tout le monde, she has 
sparkling wit that charms every body. 

Brii.i-anter, brf-Zew-ta, V. a. to cut into 
angles (a iliamond.), br!-/i, v. n. to shine, sparkle, 
glitter or glister, be bright or sparkling, etc. 

Brim BALE, bri/j-b&l, s. f. Mar. brake or 
handle of a pump. 

Brimbaler, briw-b!i-l?i, v. a. to swing. 
Brimbaler les cloches, to ring, set the bells a 

Brimborion, brin-bft-riora, s. f. bauble, 
gewgaw, tov. 

Brin, hrui, s. m. bit, piece ; sprig, shoot ; 
slip or blade; twist. Hois de brin, round 
wood. Cordon de Ifois bri.ns desoie, hat-band 
6f three silken twists Un brin de. paille, a 



bar, bi\t, base : there, gbb, over : fltld, fig : r6be, rSb, I6rd : mAod, gSod. 

straw. Brm d'estor, quarier stafi", long slick. 
Brin a brin, by Utile and little, piece-meal, 
bit by bit. 

Brin, Mar. sample. Le premier brin, the 
prime of the hemp. Le second brin, the 
combings of the hemp. 

*BuiKDE, brind, s. f. health, toast. 

Brindille, s. f. a little bough. 

BuiNGUEiSALK, s. f. War. V. Bn'mbale. 

Brioche, brl-ftsh, s. f. sort of cake. 

Bkioine, s. f Bryony, white-vine. 

Brion, brl-on, s. m. moss on trees. 

Brian, Mar. fore-foot. 

BuiquE, brik, s f. brick. 

BiiiQ,UET, brWS, s. m. steel (for a tinder- 

BRiquKTAGE, hr?k-t'vr, s. m. brick work ; 
also imitation of brick work. 

BRiQ,iJETEK,brik-ta,v. a. to imitate, make 
brick work. 

Briqueterie, brik-t§-rl, s. f. brick-kiln, 
also brick-making. ^ 

BRi(iLETiER,'brik-tia, s. m. brick-maker. 

Bris, bris, s. m. breaking open. Br's de 
jn-ison, breaking out of prison. Bris, Mar. 
wreck. Droit de bris, the admiralty of a sea- 

Brisant, br?-z^n, s. m. rock, shelf, bri- 
sans, breakers. 

Briscambille, s. f. a sort of game at 

Brisk, brlz,s.f. Mar. breeze, gale of wind. 
Nous efaiies lattrise des praniers, we liad the 
first of the breeze. Brise an larffe, spa-breeze, 
sea-turn. B/ise de terre, iancl-breeze, land- 
turn. Brisecarabinee, stifiTbreeze or stiff gale. 
Brises folks, baffling winds. Brise molle, 
light breeze. Brise riprUe, steady breeze. 

Brisk, e, adj. broken, bruised, beaten in 
pieces, etc. V. Briser. Ai-vu>s brisees, coat 
of arms rebated or diminished. Lit bris^, 
folding-bed. Chaise brisee, folding-chair. 
Porte brisee, folding-door. Carrosse brise, 
landau. Vuisseaii bris4, a ship wrecked. 

Brise-cou, brlz-k6o,s. m. steep stair-case, 
break-neck stair-case. 

Brisees, br!-za; s. f. pi. boughs cast in the 
deer's way. Revenir sur les brisees or re- 
prendre les brisees, to resume one's former dis- 
course. Suivre les brisees or marcher sur les 
brisees de quel/iu'un, to follow one's steps, imi- 
tate one. Alter or marcher snr ks brisees de 
qiulqii'un, to intei fere with one. 

BRisE-GLACEjbriz-glas.s. m. starlings (to 
break the ice at the piers of bridges.) 

Brisk-image, s. m. &- f. image breaker, 

Brisement, briz-mSn, s. m. breaking or 
dashing of the waves. Brisement de ccpur, 
rending of the heart, repentance, contrition. 

Briser, bri-za, v. a. to break, bruise or 
beat in pieces. Briser, v. n. to break o^ split. 
Us sont brish ensemble, they are fallen out. 
JBrisons-la, let us break off there, no more of 

Se briser, v. r. to break, be \-ery brittle ; also 
to fold up. Table <iui se brise, folding-table. 
Se briser {parlani d'lm niisseuu} to suffer wreck. 

BaisE-VEXT, brlz-vftn, s. m. shelter (from 
the wind.) 

Briskur, br?-z?ur,s. m. breaker. Briseur 
d'ima<>es, image-breaker. Briseur de sel, 
kind of salt-officer. 

BiusoiR, bri-zwir, s. m. brake for flax. 

Brisque, s. f. a sort of game (at cards.) 

Brisure, br?-zilir,s.f. fracture, separation) 
rebatement (in heraldry.) 

Britannique, brJ-tan-nik, adj. British, 

Broc, br6, s. m. great leathern jack, large 
tin or wooden pitcher iron-hooued ; great jug. 
*Broc, spit. JJe broc en bouclie, hot from the 

Brocanter, br3-kin-i^, V. n. to deal in 
pictures, medals, curiosities, etc. 

Brocantkij-r, SK, brfl-kan-t^ur, tiuz.s 
m. & f. seller of curiosities, etc. 

Brocard, brS-kir, s. m. nipping jest, 
taunt, scoff; a brocket. 

Brucaroer, br5-kar-da, v. a. to jest 
upon, jeer, nip or taunt, scoff. 

Brocarueu-r, se, brS-kar-d?ur, diuz, 
s. m. & f. one that gives dry rubs or wipes, 

Brocart, s. m. brocade. 

BROCATELLE,br6-k&-t3l,s. f. kind of stuff 
like brocade, a/sc kind of variegated mju^le, 
kind of linsey-woolsey, made in FlandenC 

Broccoli, V. Brocoli. 

Brochant, adj. m. (in heraldry) across 
the escutcheon, over-all. Brochanl surktout, 
more than all the rest. V. atso Brocher. 

Broche, brflsh, s. f. spit; faucet, lap ; (to 
hang candles on) stick; peg; needle to knit 
with ; tusk or tush. JHettre la viande h la 
broche, to spit the meat. Metlre nne fntailU 
en broche, to broach a vessel. Drap a double 
broche, drab. 

Brochee, br3-shl, s. f. spit-full. 

Brocher, br5-sh?i, v. a. to work with 
gold, silk, etc.; to knit; to stitch (a book,) to 
peg, to fasten (shoes.) Brocher im clou, to 
strike a nail into a horse's foot. Broclier, to 
do in a hurry or in a trice. 

Brochet, br5-sh3, s. m. pike, jack. 

Brochktkr, v. n. Mar. to extend over a 
plank a small line to which a number of small 
sticks are fastened at equal distances, in order 
to work it to a proper shape, so as to fay to 
the next plank, the necessary measures being 
marked on each of the sticks. 

Brocheto.v, brOsh-ton, s. m. small pike, 

Brochette, f)r3-sh5t,s. f. wooden skewer. 

Brocheu-r, se, s, m. & f. stitcher (of 

Brochoik, br6-shwar, s. m. smith's shoe- 
ing hammer. 

Brochure, br5-shir,s. f. pamphlet, stitch- 
ed book. 

Brocot.t, br3-kS-l!, s, m. brocoli ; young 

Brode, adj. f. black, swarthy, sun-burnt, 
tawny. ^ 

Brode, e, adj. embroidered, etc. Melon 
brode, streaked melon. 

BRor)EQUiN,br5d-kin, s. m. buskin. 

Brodequin, (sort of torture,) boots. 

Broder, bro-d^, v. a. to embroider; to 
spot (gauze) to embellish, set off. Voiis bro- 
dez comme ilfaiit, you romance, you flourish. 

RRonERiE, br8d-ri,s. f. emliroidery, em- 
bellishment (of a story.) Parterre eiibroderit 
or de broilerie, parterre with knots or figures. 

Bkot)EU-R, se, br5-d?ur, deuz, s. m. &. f 
embroiderer ; (of gauze) spotter ; romancer 




bise, bat : j^ane, m&ute, heurre : hiihil, chiX, lie/t 

• viw ; mort . 


Bromos, s. f. a sort "f plant. 

BRONcnADE,bron-shiJ,s.f. or Bronche- 
UENT, s. m. slumbliiig, tripping, failure. 

Brokcher, bron-shi, v. a. to stumble, 
trip ; [manquer, hesiier en prechaiU, etc.) to 
hesitate, be put out. Clieval qui bronche, a 

Brdnches, s. f. pi. those vessels of the 
lunrs which receive the air. 

Bronchial, e, adj. bronchial. 

Bronchocele, s. m. brouchocele. 

Bronchotomie, s. f. broncliolomy. 

Bronze, broHz, s. ni. bronze ; Ugtire de 
bronze, brazen-figure, brouze. Vlv-xal de 
bronze, brazen-horse. 

BRONZER,bron-zi,v. a. to paint the colour 
of bronze, paint dark brown ; to colour or.dye 
black (leather.) 

Broquard, V. Brocard. 

Broquart, s. m. brocket. 

BROtiuETTE, hrh-kh, s. f. tack, small 

Bbssailles, v. Brotissailles. 

Brkse, brSs, s. f. brush, pencil. Brosse 
h gouMon, tar-brush. 

Brosser, brd-s^, v. a. to brush, rub with 
a brush. 

Brosser, v. n. to run through woods or 
bushes, brush along. 

Brossier, s. m. brush-maker. 

Brou, s. m. green shell or burr of nuts. 

BR0UEE,br6o-^, s. f. fog, mist, rime. 

BiioUET, br5o-S, s. m. milk-porridge, gru- 
el, thin broth. Broiiet d'andoiiille, luoth of 
chitterlings. La chose s'esl en allee en brouet 
d'andouiUe, it is all come to nothing. 

Brouette, br6o-5t, s. f. wheel-barrow, 
paltry coach ; a/40 sort of a two wheeled chair 
drawn by one man. 

Brouetter, brflo-S-ta, v. a. to carry in a 
wheel-barrow or paltry coach. 

Brouetteur, br6o-6-t^ur, s. m. one that 
draws a two-wheeled chair. 

Brouettier, brfio-S-t'ia, s. m. wheel-bar- 

Brouhaha, brO-i-i, s. m. noise of clap- 
ping, applause. 

*Bro uiLLAM INI, br6o-/a-m!-n?,s.m. disor- 
der, confusion, that has neither head nor tail. 

Brouili.ard, brOo-/ir, s. m. mist, fog; 
day-book, waste-book. 

Brouii.i.ard, adj. m. Ex. Papkr brouU- 
lard, blotting or sinking paper. 

Brouille, s. f. quarrel, falling out. 

Brouillement, brdo/-me«, s. m. mixing 
together or confounding. Brmdllement de 
couleurs, mixing or confounding of colours. 

Brouiller, br6o-/a, v. a. to jumble, 
shuffle, blend, mix together ; to put out, per- 
plex, confound, puzzle; to embroil, confuse, 
disorder ; to set at variance, cause a division, 
set together by the ears ; to disturb or em- 
broil, make a stir or caiwe an insurrection in 
(the state;) to tura, derange (the brain;) to 
blot (paper,) waste by scribl>ling. Brouiller 
Us cartes, to create confusion, cause a misun- 

Brouiller, v. n. to shuffle. Se brouiller, v. 
r. 10 confound or perplex one's self, ho put 
out (S'e li'-ouiller avec qitelqu'un, to fall oui 
with one. Le temps se brouille, the sky be- 
jpns to be overcast. ' I] to set on fire. A br^le-potirjioirU, adv. 

BR(ji;iLLERiE,braoZ-ri,s. f. broil. troubles, 'i close // I'a tiri h. brtik-pourpoiiU, he 

disturbance, discontent ; aho falhng out, quar 
rel ; and small trinket. 

Brouillon, s. m. foul copy; day-book^ 
waste-book ; busy-body, intermeddler, shuf- 
fling or pragmatical fellow. 

Brouii.lon, NE. brtk)!on, \hn, adj. shuf- 
fling, busy-body. Ilumeur brouillonne, shuf- 

Brouir, br3o-?r, v. a. to blast. 

*Brouissement, s. m. rattling. 

BR0uissuRE,br6o-l-sur,s.f. blast, mildew. 

Br.oussAii.i.Ks.s.f. pi. briars, thornsjbram- 
bles, bushes, thicket ; also little loose .sticks. 

Bkoi;ssis,s, m. excrescence on a maple 

BROiiT,brSo,s. m. browse-wood; (of nuts) 
green shell. Aller au broul, to go a browsing, 
V. Cordage. 

BuouTER, brAo-ta, v. a. to browse, bite or 
nibble oil* the sjjrigs, grass or leaves; also to 
feed on. 

Brouti LLES,br5o-t?/,s. f. pi. sprigs, browse- 
wood, brush-wood ; also thiufrs of no value. 

Bkoye or Broie, s. f. brake (lor hemp.) 

Bkovement, brwiy-mSu, s. m. grinding, 
beating small, e/c. 

Broyer, brw4-ya, v. a. to grind, bray, 
beat small, fxjund, bruise, Broyer i'enae (m 
printing) to bray the ink, 

Bro Y EUR, brw2i-y^ur,s.m. grinder, pound- 
er, one who mixes colours for pamling. 
Broyetir d'ocre, post dauber. 

Bkoyon, brwa-yo«, s. m. mullar. 

Bku, br&,s. f. son's wife, daughter-in-law, 

Bru A NT,brS-^n,s.m. yellow-hammer ,ring. 

Brugnoi.e, V. Brigiiolle. 

BRUGNON,bra-gno«,s. m. nectarine. 

Bkuine, bruin, s. f. rime, drizzling rain, 

Bruin£,e, adj. blasted by frost. 

Bruinkr, brfii-na, v. a. to drizzle. 

Bkuire, brB-lr, v. n. to make a noise, 
rustle, rattle, roar. 

Bruissement, brft-Is-m?ra, s, m. rustling 
noise, roaring, rattling. 

BiiuiT, brfii, s. m. noise ; rattling ; clash- 
ing ; chattering or gnashing; jerk or snap- 
ping; screaking (of^ a file;) bouncing or 
bounce; cracking or crack; stamping; creak- 
ing (of shoes o;- a door;) roaring or raging; 
sound, resounding ; noise, buzz, din ; noise, 
name, eclat, fame, repute, reputation ; bruit, 
rumour, news-report, common fame, common 
talk ; uproar, sedition, insuriection ; quarrel, 
dispute, variance. Avoir bruit ensemble, to fall 
out, be at variance. A zrand bruit, adv. with 
great bustle. A petit bruit, adv. without osten- 
tation, silently, softly. Le bruit court, it is said. 

Brulant, te, adj. burning, scorching; 
also hot, burning ho! , ((/e desir or d'envie, etc.) 
ea"f*r, earnest, ardent. 

BuiLE, E, adj. burnt, burnt up, burnt 
down, etc. Avoir le teint hrtiU, to be tanned 
or sun-burnt. Cerveau brCue, cervelle br&l^e, 
enthusiast, fanatick. 

BitULi, s. m. burning. Je sens le br&U,} 
smell something burnt. Chose qui sent U 
bride, thing that smells as if it were burnt, 

Brule.ment, brilil-mSn, s. m. burning or 
setting on fire., bri-la, v. a. to burn, consume by 

fire ; to scald ; to blast; to burn, scorch, parch; 


he shot 




bar, bat, base : th^re, Sbb, ov^r : field, fig : r6be, r6b, I6rd : m(Sod, good. 

him with a gun close to his breast. C'est un 
raisonnenmU a brtile-pottrpoint, it is a home 
argument, an invincible argument. Bruler 
des amorces, Mar. to let ofl" powder in small 
quantities, as night-signals, in lieu of false-fires. 

Brulf.r, V. n. to burn, be on fire or all in 
flames ; be inflamed ; to he impatient, to long 
with great impatience ; to consume away by 
degrees, pine away. Se hrkler, v. r, to burn 
one's self; be on fire or burning. Se brtiter a 
la chandel/e, to throw one's self into danger, 
burn one's fingers. 

Bkulkur, bru-l^ur, s. m. incendiary. 

Brule-gukui.e, s. m. short pipe. 

Buur.OT, brii-lft, s. m. fire-ship, also food ex- 
ceeding hot with salt w pepper, nigh seasoned 
dish, incendiary letter, incendiary fellow or 
firebrand, and the ancient machine, pyrobolus. 

Brui.ure, bru-lur, s. f. burn or burning, 
scald or scalding; also blast (of plants.) 

Brum AL,E,brfi-m^l, adj. winterly, wintry, 
that comes in the winter. 

Brume, brfim, s. f. thick fo^ or mist. 

Brumeu-x, se, adj. V. Enibrume. 

Brun, e, bru«, brftu, adj. brown, dark, 
dun, dusky. Bai-brim, V. Bai. 

Brun, s. m. brown man; biown colour. 

Brunc, s. f. brown maid or woman. Sur 
la brum, in the dusk of the evening. 

Brunelle, s. f. self-heal (plant.) 

Brun et, brfl-n^,s. m. brown or dark youth. 

Brunette, brfi-n^t, s. f. brown girl or wo- 
man ; kind of dark brown stufl'; love ballad. 

Brunir, brft-nir, v. a. to burnish, polish or 
brighten ; to make brown or dark. Brunir, 
V. n. se brunir, v. r. to grow brown or dark. 

BRUNissAGE,br&-ni-sai, s. m. burnishing, 

Brunisseu-r, se, brfl-n!-s2ur, s^uz, s. m. 
& f. burnisher. 

Br us I ssoiR, br&-ni-swir, s. ni. Durnisher, 

Brunissure, s. f. polish of the horns of 
■tags, etc. 

Brusc, s. m. butcher's broom. 

Bruse, briz, s. m. knee holly, a butcher's 

Brusque, brflsk, adj. blunt, harsh, rough, 
hare-brained, over-hasty, sudden. 

Brusquement, t>riVsk-m(^K, adv. bluntly, 
harshly, roughly, hastily, suddenly. 

Brusquer, brifis-k?i, v. a. to be short or 
blunt or sharp with, attack with violence, take 
by storm ; also to do in haste or unexpectedly, 

BRUSQUERiE,brfisk-rl,s.f.bluntness, blunt 
action, roughne«s, rough way of proceeding. 

Brut, e, br&t, adj. (the t is pronounced in 
the masculine,) rough, unpolished, unhewed ; 
oruie, void of reason. Bois brut, timber in 
the rough. Du siicre brut, brown sugar. 

Brutal, e, br&-t^l, adj. brutish, beastly; 
also fierce, passionate, rude. Un brutal, mie 
brutide, s. m. & f. a brutish person, a brute, 
person given over to brutish pleasures, a churl, 
a clown, a clownish woman, passionate per- 
son, rash or blunt or hair-brained or incon- 
siderate person. 

Brutalement, brfl-tSl-m§w, adv. bru- 
tishly, beastly, clownishly, passionately, rash- 
ly, inconsiderately, liaiul over head, bluntly. 

Brut liser, brfi-ta-l'i-za, v. a. to treat 
brutally, use roughly, abuse (by words only.) 

^Br-utaliser, v. n. to enjoy or take brutish 

Brutalit^, brfl-t^-li-ti, s. f. brutality, 
brutishness, beastliness, clownishness, rash- 
ness, inconsideration, also abusive or out- 
rageous language. 

Brute, s. f. brute, brute beast. 

Brutier,s. m. bird of prey that cannot be 

BRUXELLES,(pronounccd BrusseUes) Brus- 

Bruyant, e, brfii-y^n, ySwt, adj. (from 
Bruire) blustering, roaring, thundering, ob- 
streperous, noisy. 

Bruyere, bru-y^r, s. f. sweet broom or 
heath. Cavipagne courerte deb)~uij'ere, heath. 

Bryoine, s. f bryony. 

Bu, E, adj. drunk, drunk out. V. Boire. 

BuANDERiE,b4-i7?d-rl,s. f. place for wash- 
ing (with lie.) 

Buandier, e, bfi-^w-d?i, diir, s. m. & f. 
washer-man or washer-woman. 

BuBE, bfib, s. f. pimple, pustule. 

Buberon, s. m. sucking-bottle; (of a cru- 
et) spout. 

BuBON, b&-bora, s. m. bubo, blotch, pesti- 
lential sore. 

Bubonocele, s. m. bubonocele. 

Bucc A I, ,E,adj. of or belonging to the mouth. 

Bucchante, s. f. sort of plant. 

BucciN, s. m. kind of shell like a horn or 
paper roll in form of a cone. 

BucciNATEUR,s. m. trumpeter; a/so mus- 
cle which laterally occupies the space be- 
tween the two jaws. 

BucciNE, s. f. kind of trumpet. 

BucENTAURE, s. m. bucentaur (great ship 
used by the Venetians in the ceremony of 
marrying the sea.) 

BucuE, bush, s. f. billet, log; sot, block 
head, dull-pated fellow. II ne se reimie non 
plus qti'uTie bttche, he moves no more than a 

Buche, Mar. buss, herring buss. 

BucHER, bfi-shi, s. m. wood-pile, funeral 
pile ; also wood-house. 

BucHER,v. n. to fell wood, cut down frees. 

BucHERON, bfish-roK, s. m. wood cleaver, 
feller of wood. 

BucHETTE, bfi-sh?t, s. f. Small stick. 

BucoLiQUE, s. i. bucohck, pastoral poem. 

BuEE,''s. f. lie for washing. 

Bui FET,b&-fS, s. m. buffet, cupboard ; aha 
service of plate. BuJJ'et d'orgties, organ-case, 
also little organ. 

BuEFLE, b&fl, s. m. buffle, buffalo; also 
buff-skin and buff-coat. Un gros buffle, un 
vrai buffle, a great fool or blockhead. 

BuFFLETiN, s. m. a young buffalo. 

BuGALET, s. m.sort of small vessel or bark. 

Bugle, s. f. {sort o/plant) bugle. 

BuGLosE, s. f. bugloss (kitchen herb.) 

BuiRE, bfllr, .s. f. flagon or oreat pot, 

Buis, bui, s. m. box-tree, box ; we say 
menton de buis, pronsinent elevated chin. 
Dmirier le buis a qu^lque chose, to burnish or 
polish or finish a thing. 

BuissoN, b&i-so«," s. m. bush, tree thai 
grows with a bush head, bushy dwarf-tiee, 
bush, thicket or covert, and thicKel or grove. 

BuissoNNEU-i, SE, adj full of thickets 




J, bftt : j^une, m^ute, beurre : imiknt, cint, Viht : viw : tnon : brun. 

UiJissoNNiER,E,b&}-s6-n?a, n?<\r,a(lj. Ex. I| 
Lajrln buissonnier, rahbh that lives in a ihickel. ' 
Faire I'^cole buissonniere, to play the truant. 

BuLBE, bfilb, s. f. bulb, bulbous root, seal- 

BuLBEU-x, SE, bul-bSu, b^uz, adj. bulbous. 

BuLLAiRE,bai-l^r, s. in. colleciion of the 
Pope's bulls. 

BuLLEj bfll, s. f. bull, letter from the Pope ; 
bubble (of air or water.) 

BuLL^, E, adj. in due form, authentic. 

Bulletin, bfil-llw, s. m. vote, ballot; 
[to lodge soldiers) billet; bulletin, daily re- 
port ; certificate {given to a French sailor.) 

BuLTEAU, bfll-l6, s. m. tree, the top of 
which is cut in the form of a bowl. 

BuPRESTE, s. f. winged insect that has a 
sting like the bee. 

BuRALisTE, bfi-r^-llst, s. m. receiver of 

BuRAT, bfl-rd, s. m. coarse sort of woollen- 

Borate, e, bfi-rft-tR, adj. of a coarse kind. 

BuRE, bur, s. f. coarse woollen-cloth ; 
shaft of a mine. 

Bureau, b&-r6, s. m. coarse woollen-stuff; 
board, table ; (table sur laqitelle on compte de 

I'argetU, sur laquelle 

met des 


counter, desk ; office ; factory ; court, jurisdic- 
tion ; audience, hearing of causes ; court, 
bench, judges ; committee ; bureau, scrutoire. 
Bureau d' addresses, office of intelligence ; also 
prating gossip. Pans est le grand bureau 
des men-eilles, Paris is the place of wonders. 
Connoitre or savoir fair du bureau, to know i 
how a cause is likely to be determined, to I 
know how matters stand. L'air du bureau 
n'est pas pour ro?«, the cause rs likely to go 
against you. Prendre l'air du bureau, to in- 
quire how matters stand. 

Burette, bfl-r^t, s. f. little flagon to put 
the wine and water in for the celebration of 
mass ; also little cruet for oil. 

Burgau, s. m. the finest sort of mother of 

Burin, bu-ri«, s. m. burine, graver. 

Burin, Mar. sort of a large toggel. 

BuRiNKR, bfl-r?-na, v. a. to engrave. 

Burlesque, bfir-l^sk.adj. burlesque, mer- 
ry^ocose, comical. 

Burlesque, s. m. burlesciue. 

Bcrlesquement, bfir-l^sk-m?«, adv. 
comically, in a jocose manner. 

Bursal, e, bftr-sal, adj. pecuniary. Edits 
bursaux, money edicts. 

Busart, s. m. a sort of bird of prey. 

Busc, b&sk, s. m. busk. 

Buse, buz, s. f. buzzard ; ninny, goose, 
simpleton, ignoramus. On ne sauroit faire 
Hum buse un 4pervier ; one cannot make a 
dunce an able man. 

Busquer, b&s-A-^, fortune, to seek one's 
fortune. Busquer, to put a busk in. Se 
busquer, to wear a busk. Elle ne sort jamais 
qu'elle ne soil busquee, she never goes out with- 
out a busk in her stays. 

BusQuiERE, b&s-AJ6r,s. f hole in the stays 
to receive a busk ; also stay-hook, and sto- 

TiusTE, bfist, s. m. bust {head and shoul- 

But, bft, s. m. butt, a mark to shoot at; 
aim, scope, cud or design. Frajiper an hit. 

toucher au but, to hit the nail on the head. 
But a but, even hands, without any odds 
Etre but a bid, to be even. De but en blanc, 
point blank ; also roundly, plainji^, openly, 
without any preamble, and bluntly, abruptly. 

Bute, s. m. farrier's buttress. 

BuTi,E, adj. hit, aimed at,efc. also fixed, 

BuTER, v. a. to hit the mark ; to aim. Se 
buter, V. r. to clash with one another. Sebu 
ter h, to be resolved or fixgd upon. 

BuTiN, bft-tiw, s. m. booty ; spoil; plunder, 

BuTiNER, bfi-tl-ni, V. a. to get a booty, 
pillage, plunder. 

BuTiREU-x, Se, adj. biutery, like butter 

BuTOR, bfl-tftr, s. m. bittern or bittour. 

BuTOR, DE, s. m <& f. great booby, lob, 
dull person. 

Butte, bftt. s. f. butt, bank, small rising 
ground, shooting at a but ; mound of earth 
(at the foot of a tree.) Etre eji butte a, to be 
exposed to. 

Butter, bft-tit, v. a. to raise a heap of 
earth round ; also to prop with a buttress. 

BuTTiERE, s. f. kind of gun to shoot for 

Buyable, bfl-vibl, adj. fit to drink, drink- 

BuvEAU, s. m. bevel. 

BuvETiER, bflv-tla, s. m. master of a ta- 
vern or ale-house, publican. 

BuvETTE,bft-vJt, s. f. tavern or ale-house J 
also a sort of tavern or victualling house in 
the court of judicature at Paris ; drinking. 

BuvEU-R, sE, b3-vSur, viuz, s. m. & f. 
drinker, toper, tippler. 

BuvoTTER, ba-vft-tH, v. n. to sip, drink a 
little at a time and often, tipple. 

BuYE. V. Bitire. 

BuzE. V. Buse. 


C, si, s. m. 3d letter of the French alpha 

Ca,s?1, adv. hither, here. Ch et /it, this 
waj and that way, up and down. Qni <^ci, 
qui la^ some one way, some another. De-<;h, 
this side or on this side. De de-qh, of this 
side, of these parts. En-de-(^A, au-de-^ci, 
par-de-qh, this side, on this side. Au-de-qh 
du Rhin, on this side (he Rhine. En fA, 
{style de nabxis) to this lime. Depnis deux 
ans en qa, tins time two years, two years 

Ca, inteij. come on, come. 

Cabale, ka-bal, s. f (tradition among the 
Jetrs) cabal. Cabal, party, combination, 
confederacy, faction ; set, gaivj ; club, com- 
pany, society. 

Cabal^, e, adj. got by caballing. 

Cabaler, kii-bii-la, v. n. to cabal, com- 
bine, conspire together. 

Cabaleur, k^-bS-l?ur, s. m. cahaller. 

Cabaliste, kl-b5-llst,8. m. Jewish caba- 
list ; also (but only in Languedoc) partner in 

Cabalistique, ka-bLns-t?k, adj. cabalis- 

*Caban, s.m. sort of cloak. 

Cabane, k^-ban, s. f. cot, cottage, hut, 
thatched house ; also cage for birds to brood in 




bar, hat, : there, ^bb, ov^r : field, f% : robe, r6b, I6rd : mAod, gSod. 

and flat boiiomed covered boat arid hoops of 
Mar, to turn 

a tilt ; cabin {o/a vessel.) 
Cabanf.r, ka-ba-na, 

upside down {applied to a boat.) 

CABANbN, s.m. a little hut. 

Ca B A R K r, ka-b^-r§, s. m. tavern, publick- 
honse ; tea-table ; {plant) asarabacca. Ca- 
baret u hiere, ale-house. Cabaret a cidre, ci- 

Cabaretier, k, ki-bar-tia, tl^r, s. m. & 
f. tavern-keeper, alehouse-keeper, publican. 

Cabas, ka-bi, s.%j. frail, basket made of 

*'Cabasset, s.m. slight kind of helmet. 

Cabksta.v, ka-b^s-t^rt, s. m. Mar. capstan 
or cfll'Siern. Grand cabestan, cal)tstan de 
I'arri^re, main capstem, after capsteni. Pe- 
tit cabestan or caheslim d'-irant, jeer cap- 
stern. Cabestan volatit, crab. Metlre du 
monde aii cabestan, \o man the capstem. 

Cabillaud, ka-bIM, s. m. a chub, had- 

Cabii.i-e, s. f. hord, clan, tribe. 

Ca BILLOT, s.m. Mar. toggel; also wood- 
en-pin (for belaying ropes.) 

CABiNKT,ka-b?-uf^, s. m. closet, study; 
cabinet, cal>inet council. Eire du cabinetjia 
be of the caliinet council ; cabinet, chest of 
drawers; arbour, bower; summer-house; 
wardrobe ; house of office. Uii liomme de 
cabinet, a studious or bookish-man. 

Cablk, kabi, s. m. Mar. cab.e. Cables de 
reteniie, two thick cables fastened to the fore- 

f)art of a ship on the stocks when about to be 
aunclied, and which are cut at the moment 
she is to go off. V. Tour. 

Cableau, ka-biA, s.m. little cable. V. 

Cabler, ka-blfl, v, a, to twist several 
threads into a cord, make cables. Cabler de 
la pcelle. to twist tiu'ead. 

Cabi.ot, s. m. Mar. cablet, painter, warp. 

CABOtHK,kn-bdsh,s. f. head; sortofhob- 
nail ; old useless nail. 

Cabochok, ka-b5.shon, s, m, precious 
stone polished but not cut. 

Cabotage, ka-bft-iat, s. m. Mar. coast- 
ing, art of coasting, coasting-trade. 

"Catoter, ka-bfl-ta, v. n. Jfar. to sail 
along (he coast and trade from port to port. 

Cabotier, ka-bS-t?a, s. m. coasting ves- 

Cabrer, ka-brli, v. n. secabrer,\. r. to 
prance, irritate, rise upon the two hind feet, 
rear u|> ; to start, fall or fly into a passion, be 
transported with anger, take head. Ne lui 
dites pas rela, i-oits le fere: cabrer, do not say 
that to him, j'ou will make him fly into a 
passion. Faire cabrer un clie>-al, to make a 
norse rear upi. 

Ca bri, ka-br?, s. m. young kid. 

Cabriole, ka-brl-dl, s. f. capriole, caper; 

Cabrioler. k^-br?-S-la, v. n. to caper, 
cm capers. Faire la rahriole, to be hanged. 

Cabriolet, ka-bri-S-l?, s. m. one horse- 

Cabrioledr, k^-br!-6-l?ur, s. m. caper- 
er ; one that cuts capers. 

Cabrions. s.m. pi. Mar. quoins pr wedges 
to secure gims in bad weather. Mettre les 
cabrimui a let bcriterif, to quoin the guns. 

Cabkoji. ka-brort,s. in. kid, kid skin. 

Cabus, ka-bii, adj. m. headed. Ex. Choux 
cabiis, headed cabbage. 

Caca, k^-ki, s. m. nursery word for ex 
cremcut of infants. 

Cacade, k?i-kad, s. f. evacuation; also sad 
balk, baffle. Ex. Faire une cacade, to be 

Cacalia, s. f a sort of plant. 

Cacao, ka-ka-A, s. m. cocoa-nut. 

CacaOYER, ki-ka-<S-y&, s. m. cocoa-tree. 

CACAoYERE,ki-ka-fl-yir,s.f. place plant- 
ed with cocoa-trees. 

Cacatoij,Cacatoua. V. Kakato^'s. 

Cache, kash, s. f, lurking-hole, secret 
place, hidden comer. 

Cach£, e, adj. hid or hidden. V. Caclier. 
Se tenir cache, to lie hid, to lurk or skulk. 

Cachectique, adj.& s. cachectick, of a 
bad constitution. 

Cachement, s. m. hiding. Caclieniens de 
visage, hidin^^s of the face. 

Cacher, M-sha, v. a. to hide, conceal, 
secrete, cover ; keep close, private or secret, 
dissemble, ^e caclier, v. r. to conceal or hide 
one's self, lurk, or skulk, abscond. // ne s'en 
cache point, he does it openly or barefaced. 

Cachet, ka-sli^, s. m. seal. Le cacliet du 
rot, the king's signet. 

Cacheter, kash-tS, v. a to seal, seal up. 

Cachette, ka-shSt, s. f lurking-hole, se- 
cret or hiding-place. JEn cachette, adv. in se- 
cret, secretly, underhand. 

CachexTe, ka-Ar^k-si, s. f. cachexy, bad 
habit of body.^ 

Cachot, ka-sh5, s. m. dungeon. 

Cachotterie, ka-sh6l-rl, s. f. aflfected 
mysterious way of speaking or acting in or- 
der to conceal trifles. 

Cachou, s. m. cashew or cashoo (md.) 

Cack^ue, s. m. Mexican prince. 

Cacis, s. m. black currant, jelly made of 
its fruit, cordial made of its fruit and leaves 

Cacochyme, ka-k6-shTm, adj. cacoch}'- 
mick, ill-complexioned, full of ill humours. 
Esprit cacochyme, ill-humoured, cross, pee- 
vish person. 


Cacophonie, ka-k6-lS-nl, s. f. cacophony, 

Catotrophie, s. f. cacotroph)', depraved 

*Cacozele, s. m. ill-aflfection, misguided 

Cadastre, k?l-dJslr, s. m, register of 
lands, dooms-day book ; terrier. 

Cadavereu-x, se, ki-di-vS-r^u, r^uz, 
adj. cadaverous. 

Cadavre, ki-dW,s. m, corpse, carcass, 
dead body. 

Cadeau, kS-d6, s. m. flourish in writing ; 
flourish, mere flourish; feast, banquet, treat 
{given to women ;\ gift, present. 

Cadenas, kSid-ni, s. m. padlock. 

Caoenasser, k?id-niV-sa, v. a. to padlock. 

Cadevce, ka-di/js, s. f. cadence; close; 
time; shake. 

Cadenc E, e, ad!, well turned, harmonious. 

Cauencer, ka-d^H-sa, v. a. to give a versa 
or period an agreeable cadence, to cadence, 

*(/AI)FKE, ka-d?n, s. f. chain (for gai ley- 
slaves.) Etre a la cadene, to be tied by the 
leg like a galley-slave 




bi'ise, bcil : jeiine, mCutc, beurre : hit'hvl, cirH, liew; vin; 

Cadenettes, kad-n^i.s. cue. Che- 
veux en cadenettes, hair dressed wilh a cue. 

Cadet, ka-d6, s. m. younger son or bro- 
ther ; cadet or volunteer in the re^'irnent of 
guards ; junior ; young fellow. Uji cadet de 
hmct a,rpetit, a sharp set young fellow. 

Cadelle, ki-d^t, s. f. younger daughter; 
also younger sister, ana sort of free-stone 
good for paving. 

Caui, s. m. justice of the peace among the 

Cadis, kil-dl, s. m. kind of scr^e. 

Cadix, pronounced Cadisse. Cadiz. 

Cadmie, s. f. composition that adheres to 
the sides of a furnace where meteils are melt- 
ed ; cadmia. 

Cadoi.e, ka-d5l, s. m. latch. 

Cadran, kK-Arhn, s. ni. dial, sundial. 

Cadue, ka.dr, s. m. frame (of pictures, 

Cadre, Mar. cradle, bedframe. Nous 
avons 30 homines sur les cadres, we have 30 
men in the sick birth. 

CADRER.ka-dri, v. n. to quadrate,to agree, 
agree or answer, suit, tally ; v. a. to square. 

Caduc, CADU(iUE,kl-<luk, adj. decaying 
or decayed, crazy ; frail, brittle, perishable. 
Legs caduc, succession caduque, escheat. Alal 
caauc, falling sickness. 

Caduc£e, ki-d&-si, s. m. caduceus, Mer- 
cury's wand, also the tipstafT of die king at 
arms and heralds. 

Caducite, ki-dfl-s?-tii, s.f. weakness, de- 
crepitude, craziaess ; o/so decay o?- falling to 
ruin of a house. 

Cafard, e, ki-f?ir, f^rd, adj. & s. hypo- 
critical, hypocrite or bigot^ puritan. Danuts 
cafard, sort of damask mixed with silk and 

Cafardkrie, s. f. h^'pocrisy. 

Cafe, ki-fJ, s. m. coflee. Feves de cafe, 
cofTee-berries. ColL>e-house. 

Cafetax, s. m. caftan, vest amonsr the 

Cafeti^re, kSf-t?^r, s. f. cofTee-pot. 

Cafjer, ka-ffa, s. m. coflee-tree. 

Cafrlrie, s. f.Caffraria. 

Cage, ka:,s. f. cage, bird-cage ; jail; four 
walls of a house. 

Cage, Mar. cage, a poule, hen-coop. Cage 
h drisse, sort of tub open on the sides. In 
which the main-topsail haliards are coiled on 
board French ships of war. 

Cagee. s. f. cage-full. 

Cagier, s. m. bird-seller. 

Cagnard, E,ka-giitir,gn?(rd, adj. (fes.m. 
& f. lazy, slothful, idle person. Mar. wea- 
ther cloth. 

Cagnarder, kii-gn^r-dti, v. n. to live an 
idle^ lazy life. 

Cagnardise, kil-gn^r-dlz, s. f. laziness, 
slothfulness, i«lleness. 

Cagne, s. f. bitch, whore, strumpet. 

Cagneu-x, se, k^-gn^u, gn^uz, adj. ba- 
ker-legged, the knees bending inward. 

Cagot, e, ka-g6, g6t, adj. &, s. hypocriti- 
cal, hypocrite. 

CAG(iTKRiE,ku-g3t-rl, s. f. hypocrisy. 

Cagotisme, s. m. hypocrisy, aflected de- 

Cagou, ki\-gfio, s. m. one who, owl-like, 

Cache, s. f kind of Dutch 


CAHiER,ka-y^,s.m. loose sheet of a book, 
stitched book, copy-book ; also bill or account. 

Cahin-caiia, kii-in-ki-a, adv. against the 
grain, untowardlj', with much ado. 

Cahot, kS.-S, s. m. jolt ; shock. 

Cahotage, ka-5-tai, s. m. jolting. 

Caiioter, ka-6-ta., v. a. to jolt. 

Cahutte, ka-flt, s. f. cottage, hut. 

CaKeu, k^-y^u, s. m. sucker, offset. 

Caii.le, kkl, s. f. quail. 

Caille, e, adj. curdled, etc. Sung ciilM, 
blood coagulated, clotted blood. 

Caille, ki-/a, s. m. milk turned to curds, 

Caillebotte, kiZ-b&t, s. f. curds of milk 

Caillebotte, adj. curdled. 

Caii.lebottis, s. m. pi. Mar. gratings 
Ote les caillebottis, unlay the gratings. 

Caii.lement, kkl-min, s. m. curdling of 
women's milk in ch'ld-bed, also of liquors., ki-/a, v. a. to curdle, coa^late. 
La viorsure lies serpms caille le sang, the bite 
of serpents curdles the blood. Cailler, v. n. 
Se cailler, v. r. to curd, curdle or turn into 
curds, coagulate. 

Caillkteau, kkl-l!), s. m. young quail. 

Cailletot, s. m. young turbot. 

Caili.ette, kk-lk, s. ff rennet bag of a 
caif, etc. also silly gossipping person. 

Caii-Lot, kk-lft, s. m. litOe clot of blood, 
lump of clotted blood. 

Caili.ot-rosat, s. m. rose-water pear. 

Caillou, kk-l?>o,s. m. flint, flint-stone. 

Caii.loutagf., kil-/5o-ti^,s. m. flints. 

CaImacan, s. m. officer among the Turks. 

Caimand, e, i'^-m<^w,m(^jd, s. m. & £ 
beggar, lazy beggar, muniper. 

CAiMANDER,'W-m6«-da, v. n. to beg or 

Caimandeu-r, se, k?-men-d^ur, dhiz, s. 
m. &. f. beggar, mumper, 

CaTque, k?i-Ik, s. m. galley-boat. 

Caire, ^'^i s. m. what wraps up the co- 
coa-nut. Le Caire, le grand Caire, Cairo. 

Caisse, khs, a. f. box, chest, tnink ; cash ; 
ready money ; drum. Caisse, s. f. Mar. 
Caisse rf'?/w poj/Zfe, shell of a block. Caisse 
flotlarUe, mooriiig-buoy. Caisse d'af>p)ii, two 
large empty chests in the shape of floating 

Caissier, Ai-sia, s. m. cash-keeper or 

Caisson, ^^-so7^, s. m. covered wagon or 
carriage. Caisson, s, m. Mar. locker., ki-ift-lj, V. a. to cajole, flatter, 
coax, court, fawn upon, wheedle. Cajoler la 
maree. Mar, to drive with the tide against the 

Ca joi.erie, kH-tftl-ri, s. f. cajoling, coax 
iiig, courting, fawning upon; or flattery, praise. 

Cajoi,eu-r, se, ka-i6-l^-ur, l<!;uz, s. m. & 
f. cajoler, coaxer. 

Caju TE, s. f. bed {in a ship.) 

Cal, kal, s. m. callosity ; callous. 

Cai.abre, s. f. Calabria. 

Ca i.a I SON , s. f. Mar. depth of a ship. 

Cai.ambour, s. m. a sort of India-wood. 

Calament, s. m. Calamentje, s. f. caia> 

Calamine, s. f calamine. 

and powder the hair. 

Ca I.A MITE, s. f. magnet, load-stone, mag' 
netick neetile. 



t)ir,, base : there, ebb, ov|r : field, fig : r6be, rSb, I5rd : mi^od, gftod. 

Calamity, ka-lii-mi-la,s. f. calami U-, mis- 
ery, adversity, trouble, misfortune, distress. 

'CALAMiTKu-x,sK,ka-lil-m5-t6u, t^uz,adj. 
calamitous, miserable, wretched, hard. 

Calandrf., ka-16?^dr, s. f. weevil; calen- 
der ; kind of lark. ^ 

Calandker, ka-lin-drSi, v. a. to calender 

Cai.andreur, kiL-l^-dr3ur, s. m. one who 
calenders cl jth. ^ 

Cai.cairk, kal-Mr, adj. that maybe re- 
duced to chalk. 

Calcedoike. s. f. calcedonious, clouded 

Calcedoineu-x, se, adj. precious stones 
that have some white spots. 

Calcinatio.v, kal-si-ni-slow, s. f. calcina- 
tion, caicining. 

Calciner, k^l-s?-nii, v. a. to calcine or 
calcinate, iie calciiier, v. r. to calcine, be 

Calcul, k^l-^1, s. m. calculation, com- 
putation, reckoning, accoimt; the stone in 
tlie kidneys or blaimer. 

Calculable, kal-M-labl, adj. that may 
be calculated. 

Calculateur, k^l-Arfl-li-tSur, s. m. cal- 
culator, accountant. 

Calculer, ktil-W-la, v. a. to calculate, 
compute, cast up, reckon. Mar. to find. 
Calculer I'heure de la pldne mer, to find the 
time of high, water. Calculer la longitude, 
to find the longitude, etc. 

Cale, kal, s. f. sort of woollen cap. Por- 
ter la cale, to wear a livery. 

Cale, s. f. ]Mar. wedge, chock, hold ; {in 
the Mediterranean) lee-shore, small creek 
between two rocks or cliffs ; ducking. Cale 
ordinaire, common ducking. Grande cale, 
keel-hauling. Cale a I'eau, main-hold. Cale 
an vin, etc. spirit-room. Cale de construc- 
tion, stocks or slip for ship-building. Cak 
{de magasin, de qimi, de mature) slip. Arant- 
cale, that part of the slip which is a-stern of 
a ship while building. Geits de la cale, holders. 

Calebas, s. m.^Mar. V. Halebas. 

Calebasse, kal-b^s, s. f. great gourd ; 
also gourd bott'e. Tromper or fraader la 
mlebasse, to cheat, gull. 

CALEBASSiKR,s.m. a tree of America that 
is very much like the apple-tree. 

Calebotin.s. m.crownof an old hat used 
by shoemakers to put their thread and awls in. 

Caleche, ka-l^sh, s. f. calash. 

CAI.E90N, kaZ-swi, s. m. drawers, pair of 

Calefaction, ki-la-flc-s!on, s. f calefac- 


S. m. pun, quibble. 

Calenues, k&-l^»d, s. f. pi. calends. Aux 
calendes Grecques, when two Sundays come 
together, at latter lammas, never. 

Calen'les, convocation of country-parsons. 

Calenprier, ka-li/i-drla, s. m. calendar, 

Calenture, \A.-\hi-iuT, s. f. calenture. 

Calepin, s. m. book of extracts or notes. 

Caler, k^-li, V. a. & n. Mar. to chock, 
wedge up. Cale davantage le batiment, 
bring the ship more down in the water. 
Caler Us voiles, to strike sail. Caler la voile, 
to submit, yield, buckle to. Cixler les jntds 

d'une l%ble, to make a table stand level of 
firm by means of a sort of wedge. 

Calfat, k?il-f|, s. m^ calking; calker. 

Calfatage, kal-fS-tat, s. m. calking. 

Calfater, kal-f ^-t^, v. a. to calk. 

Calf ATEUR, s. m. calker. 

Calfatin, s. m. calker's boy, oakum boy. 

Calfeutkage, kal-f^u-trftz, s. m. stop- 
ping of chinks. 

Calfeutrer, k^l-f?u-trll, v. a. to stop 
the chinks (of a door,) etc. to keep out wind. 

Calibre, ka-Hbr, s. m. bore (of a gim,) 
size (of a ball ;) sort, kind, stampj merit, rate, 
worth, parts (of a person ;) size, bigness, bulk. 

Calibrer, ka-li-bra, v. a. to dispart (a 
piece of ordnance, etc.) to size (a ball.) 

Calice, k4-l?s, s. m. chalice, communion 
cup; chalice or cup {ofajlower,) cup of af- 

Califat, s. m. dignity of a Califf. 

Calife, or Caliphe, s. m. Califf. 

Califourchon, s. m. Ex. a cali/ourckon, 
adv. a-straddle. A Her a clm-al d. cali/our- 
chon, to ride a-straddle. 

Cahgineu-x, se, adj. gloomy. 

Calin, e, ki-lin, lin, s. m. & f. silly lazy 

Caliner, ki-ll-nii, se cdliher, v. r. to be 
indolent or inactive. 

Caliorne, s. f. Mar. winding tackle, large 
two or three fold tackle. Caliorne de misaine, 
fore tackle. Grande caliorne, main-tackle. 

Calleu-x, se, kal-l^u, l^uz, adj. ceiIIous, 

CALLosiri, kM-lfl-z?-ta, s. f. callosity: 
hardness or thickness of the skin. 

CALLOT,kal-!6,s.m. block of unhewn slate. 

Calmande, kal-m^«d, s. f calimanco. 

Calmant, s. m. calmer, anodyne. 

Calmar, kal-mir, s. m. cuttle-fish, pen- 

Calme, kalm, adj. calm, still, quiet. La 
mer est bien calme, the ^^■ater is very^ smooth. 

Calme, s. m. calmness, tranquillity, quiet- 
ness, stillness. Mar. calm. Calme plat, flat 
or dead calm. Etreen calme, to be becalmed. 

Calmer, k^l-ma, v. a. to calm, appease, 
quiet, pacify, still. Calmer, v. n. Mar. to fall 
calm. Se calmer, v. r. to grow calm. Jl 
calme, the wind abates. 

Calmie, s. f Mar. lull. Nage a la calmie, 
give way in the lull. 


tr?s, s. m. &;.f. calumniator, slanderer, false 

Calomkie, k?l-lSm-nl, s. f. calumn}', scan- 
dal, slander, false imputation, malicious as- 

CAL0MNiER,ka-l3m-n?-a,v. a. to calumni- 
ate, slander, asperse or detract, accuse falsely 

Calomnieusement, ka-l5m-n]-^uz-m?n, 
adv. falsely, slanderously, by false accusa- 

Calomniec-x, se, k^-ldm-n!-iu, iuz, 
adj. calumnious, false, slanderous. 

CALONiERE,s.f pop-gun. V. CanoTinikre 

*Calot, s. m. shelled nut, walnut. 

Calotin, s. m. coxcomb, priest. 

Calotine, s. f grotesque work or figure. 

Calotte, k^-l6t, s. f calotte, skull-cap. 

Calottier, s. m. a maker or seller of ca- 
lottes or skull-caps ; also walnut-tree. 

Caloyer, s. m. caloyer, {sort 0/ monk.) 


bise, bfit : jiAne, mSute, blurre : ^nf iwt, chit, lien . 



CalquEj Hlk, s. m. outlines of a desigii 
W print which has been chalked. 

Calquer, kal-Xri, chalk or mark 
tlie outlines of. 

Calumet, k5.-lfl-m3, s. m. calumet. 

Calls, ki-lfis, s. m. callous ; hardness, cal- 

Calvaire, kiil-vir, s. m. Calvary. 

Calville, k^l-vil, s. m. kind of apple. 

Calvinisme, k3d-v?-n?sm, s. m. Calvinism. 

Calvin isTE,s. m. Calvinist. 

Calvitie, k^l vJ-sl, s. f. baldness. 

CamaJeu, k^-m?l-y^M, s. m. camaieu ; also 
picture painted all with one colour, brooch. 

Camail, kk-mkl, s. m. camail (a bishop's 
purple ornament.) a capuchin {worn in win- 
ter by other ecclesiasticks.) 

Camarade, k^-mi-r?id, s. m. comrade, 
companion, fellow, friend. Camarade cVecole, 
school-fellow. Camarade de voyage, fellow- 
traveller, etc. 

Camard, e, ki-mir, mard, adj. & s. m. 
& f. flat-nosed person. 

Cambiste, kin-b?st, s. m. one who buys 
and sells bills of exchange. 

Cambouis, kS.7i-bwl, s. m. gome, black and 
oilv grease of a cart-wheel, etc. 

Cambrai, srm. (a7y of Flanders) Cam- 
bray. Du Cambrai or de la toile de Cambrai, 

CAMBRf, e, adj. vaulted, arched, came- 
rated, that lies cambering ; warped ; hollow. 

Cambrer, kin-bri^, v. a. to vault or arch, 
crook or bend. Se cambrer, v. r. to warp. 

Cambrube, k^M-brir, s. f. bending or 

Came, V. Cham£. 

Cam^e. s. m. cameo {sort of stone.) 

CAMiLi£oN, kk-miAi-on, s. m. chamele- 
on ; also a constellation in the southern hemi- 

CAMiL^0PARD,s. m. cameleopard. 

Camelot, kSm-l5, camelot, camlet. 

Camelote, e, adj. woven like camelot. 

Camelotine, s. f. sort of camelot. 

CamIrier, ka-mS-rSi, s. m. chamberlain 
of a Pope or cardinal. 

CAMKRHNGAT,kS.-m^r-lin-gS,, s. m. office 
of the Pope's great chaml>erlam. 

Camerlingue, k^-m§r-ling, s. m. the 
Pope's great chamberlain. 

Camion, ka.-mi-o«, s. m. kind of litUe cart 
drawn by two men, cat's claw, small pin, 

Camisade, k?L-m1-zid, s. f. camisado, as- 
sault by night. 

Camisard, e, s. m. & f. camisard (fana- 
tic in the Cevennes.) 

Camisole, ka-m?-zAl, s. f. under waistcoat. 

Camomille, krt-mft-m?/, s. f. camomile. 

CAMouFLET,k^-mflo-flS, s. m. smoke of 
burning paper blown up the nose of one 
asleep; ofeo affront. 

Camp, kkn, s. m. camjj ; the lists. Camp 
volant, flying-camp. Mestre de camp, colo- 
nel of horse. Marichal de camp, major gen- 
eral. Aide de camp, aid de camp. Lever le 
camp, to decamp, break up. 

Campagnari), e, kiw-p^-girir, gn^rd, 
adj. &, s. m. & f. of the country, rustic, coun- 
tryman, counlry-womnn. Air campagnard, 
f lownish look. Noblesse campagiiurde, coun- 
try gentry 


Campagne, kin-pagn, s. f. country ; cham- 
paign ; campaign {of an army.) Pike de 
campagne, field-j)iece. Se metlre en cam- 
pagne, tenir la campagne, to have the field, 
keep the field. Commencer or ouvrir la cam' 
pagne, to begin the campaign, open tlie field. 
Mar. voyage or cruise during a season or li- 
mited space of time. Campagne decroisi^re, 
cruise. Campagne de cote, cruise along shore 
(from port to port.) Cainpagne de long 
cours, long voyage. Campagne de rade, time 
which ships of war, ready for sea, remain in 
a road-stead, and then return into harbour 
without sailing. 

Campane, Icin-pin, s. f. tuft, fringe. 

Campanelle, s. f. bell flower. 

Campanette, s. f. bluebell flower, Can- 
terbury bell. 

Campanille, s. m. steeple, cupola, s. f. a 
small dome. 

Camp:£, e, adj. encamped, etc. Biencampi, 
in a good posture or position (speaking of a 
person or figure.) 

CAMpicHE, KciTi-p^sh, s. m. logwood, 

CAMPEMENT,kinp-mS«, s. m. encamping, 

Camper, kin-p^, v. n. Se camper, v. r. 
to encamp, pitch a camp ; to place one's self, 
pilch one's camp. Camper, v. a. to encamp ; 
to place, give a position to (the body.) 

Camphre, k<i7!fr, s. m. camphire. 

Camphre, e, adj. camphorated. 

Campine, s. f. fine pullet. 

Campo, s. m. Spanish wool. 

Campos, kcl7^-p6,s. m. play-day, holy-day. 

Camus, e, k?i-mili, miiz, adj. & s. m. &. {. 
flat-nosed, flat-nosed person. II est bien ca- 
miis, le voilh bien camus, he has been sadljr 

Camuson, s. f. flat-nosed girl. 

Canaille, kk-nkl, s. f. mob, rabble. 

Canal, kil-nSl, s. m. channel, bed ; chan- 
nel, strait, narrows; canal; aqueduct, pipe, 
water-conduit ; gutter ; groove for the ram- 
mer of a gun ; passage, canal (of the body;) 
way, means. Ca?ial de I'dpine du dos, cavity 
or hole of the back-bone. Faire canal, to 
put off to sea, keep the sea, cross a channel 
from one shore to tne opposite shore. 

Canal d'nne poulie, Mar. sheave-hole of a 

Canape, k^-n?i-n?i, s. m. couch, sofa. 

Canapsa, s. m. knapsack. 

Canard, k^-nir, s. m. duck or drake, nuJe 
duck, mallard; a/so water-dog. Canard privi, 
decoy-duck ; also [speaking of people,) decoy, 
one that takes another in. Donner des ca- 
nards h quelqit'un, to put upon one. 

Canarder, kil-nSr-da, v. a. to shoot fit)sn 
a place of safely, to pelt. 

Canardiere, k^-n5r-d?^r, s. f. decoy to 
catch ducks ; also loop-hole to shoot through. 

Canari, ka-ni-rf, s. m. canary-bird. 

Canarie, s. f. sort of dance. 

Canarin, s. m. canary-sparrow. 

Canastre, ki-n^tr, s. m. canister. 

Cancel, kin-s^l, s. m. chancel. 

Cancellation, s. f. rescission. 

Cancelle, s. m. small crab-fish. 

Canc?:' ler, kan-scl-li, v. a. to cancel. 

Cancer, kin-s(^r, s. m. a cancer; Cancer 

Cancke, kinkr, s. m. crab fish ; wretch 
soriUd fellow. 



bir, bit, bise : th^re, ^bb, ovir : field, fig : r6be, rftb, I6rd : in6od, gi^od. 

Candelabre, ki7i-d^-libr, s. m. great 
branched candlestick, chandelier. 

Candelette, s. f. Mar. fish (tackle em- 
ployed for fishing the anchor.) 

Candeur, kcin-dfur, s. f. candour, frank- 
ness, openness, sincerity, integrity. 

Candi, e, adj. (from Ctmdir) candy or 
candied. Du sucre candi, sugar-candy. 

Candidat, kk«-di-di,s. m. candidate. 

Candiue, kin-did, adj. candid, sincere, 
frank, open, ingenuous. 

Candidement, kkn-dld-mhi, adv. can- 
didly, sincerely, frankly, ingenuously. 

Candir, k&t-dfr, se candir, v. r. to can- 
dy. Fajre candir, to candy. 

Cane, kiln, s. f. (Jemale of canard) duck ; 
Faire la cane, to betray cowardice. 

Canepetiere, s. f. bird llie size of a 

Canepin, kSn-pin, s. m.fine slicep-skin. 

Canetkr. kan-tl, v. n. to waddle like a 

Caneton, k?ln-ton, s. m. Canette, s. f. 
young duck, duckling. 

Canevas, kan-v4, s. m. canvass ; rough 
draught, sketch, ground work. 

Cangrene, V. Ganffrene. 

Caniche, s. f. spaniel bitch. 

Caniculaire, ki-ni-W(-l^r, adj. canicu- 
lar. Les jours canicutavea, the canicular or 

Canicule, ki-nl-iil, s. f.; also 
the canicular or dog-days. 

Canif, ki-nif, s. m. pen-kuife. 

Canin, E, ki-nin, nin,adj. canine. Faim 
canine, canine appetite, greedy worm. Dents 
canines, eye-teeth or fangs. Kis canin, grin. 

Cannage, s. m. measuring by a stick of 
an ell and two thirds ii. length. 

Canxaie, s. f. field planted with rushes 
and reeds. 

Canne, kSn, s. f. cane or reed ; cane, 
walking-stick ; stick or measure of an ell 
and two thirds (of Paris.) Domier des coups 
dt canne h qnelqu'un, to cane one. Jeu des 
camtes, cane-play, kind of tournament. Can- 
ne de siicre, sugar cane. 

Canneberge, s. f. plant which grows in 
marshes, and the berries of which are good 
to eat. 

Cannelas, k%n-I&, s. m. cinnamon sugar- 

Canneler, kin-l&,v. a. to flute (acoltemn,) 
channel, chamfer. 

Cannelier, s. ni. cinnamon-tree. 

Cannei.i.e, kci-n^l, s. f. cinnamon. Can' 
nelle sauvage, kind of gray cinnamon. Can- 
neUe, tap, brass-cock. 

Cansell'ke^ k^n-liir, s. f. fluting, cham- 
fering, channelling {of a column.) 

CANNETiLLE,Hn-ti/, s. f. purl, gold or 
silver purl., V. a. to tie with purl, tie 
with gold or silver twist. 

Cannibale, k?t-n!-bM, s. m. cannibal, 

Canon, ki-nore.s.m. cannon, piece of ord- 
nance; barrel (of f re-arms ;) pipe; gutter; 
(inmiisick) sort of fuge; pad, roller; (in 
prinHn^) a large sized type ; can»^.., thurch- 
law. Z^ droit canon, "the canon-law. Le 
canon des ^critures, the canonical books of 
scriptiu-e. Coup die canon, cannon-shot, re- 

port of a cannon when fired. A la pcrUe d» 
canon, within cannon-shot. 

Canon, s. m. Jlar. gun, etc. Un canon dt 
dix huit, an eighteen pounder. Canons de 
chasse, bow-chases. Canons de retraite, 
steni-cbases. Lcs canons de cette frigate sont 
rentres, this frigate's guns are run in. Ce 
bdtiment a ses canons aux sabords, that ship 
has her guns run out. 

Canon iAL,E, ka-n6-nial, adj. canonical, 

Canonicat, kS.-n5-nl ki, s. m. caaonry, 

CANONiciTi, s. f. canonicalness. 

Canonique, ka-n6-n?k, adj. canonical. 


Canonisation, k^-nd-ni-zil-sion, s. f. ca- 

Canoniser, ki-n^nl-zl, v. a. to caaoiuze 
or saint. 

Canoniste, ki-nd-nlst, s. m. canonist, doc- 
tor of canon-law. 

Canunnade, k^-nS-n^d, s. f. cannonade, 

Casonnage, s. m. Mar. gunnery. 

Canonner, ki-nS-ni, v. a. to cannonade, 
batter with cannon. Canonmr un bdtiment 
dans son bois, to hull a ship, strike a ship 
with shot in the hull. 

Canonnier, kci-n6-n!^, s. m. gunner. 

Canonnia; Mar. Maitre canonnier ; gun- 
ner. Second canonnier, guiuier's mate. 
Aide-canonnier, quarter gunner. 

Canonniere, ka-n6-d^r, s. f. loop-hole 
in a wall to shoot through^ casemate, embra- 
sure : a/so draining hole m a wall, and pop- 
gun, tent the sides of which are open. 

Canot, k^-nS,s. m. canoe, boat. Grand 
canot, barge. Petit ta7io<, jolly boat. 
de I'etat-nuxjor, pinnace. 

Canotier, s. m. Mar. rower. 

Cantal, s. m. sort of cheese. 

Cantate, kiw-tit, s. f. (jiiece of : 

CANTATiLLE,kin-ti-t5/, s. f. little Cantata. 

Cantatrice, kan-t^-tris, s. f. woman 
singer (generally Italian^) 

Cantharide, k^K-ta-rid, s.f. cantharidea. 

Canthus, s. m. canlbus, sort of sea-fish. 

Cantine, ka/i-tin, s. f. case for bottle*; 
place where drink is sold to soldiers. 

Cantinier, kan-ti-ni-a, s. m. cantlne- 
kecper in an army. 

Cantique, kaw-tlk, s. m. cantick;, spirit- 
ual song. 

Canton, kira-t8w, s. m. canton ; districtw 
part of a country ; comer or part of a town. 

Cantonade, kan-l&-nSd, s. f. comer of 
i the stage. Parler h la cantonade, tc speak to 
' a person behind the scenes. 

Canto N NlE, E, adj. stationed, etc. 

Cantonnement, s. m. cantoning. 

Cantonner, kaw-t8-iia, v. n. to get into 
stations or quarters. Be cantonner, v. r. to 
withdraw to or station one's self in some se- 
cure place. 

CANTONNiiRE, kin-t6-n!ir, s. f.sortof ad> 
ditional curtain to a bed. 

Canule,s. f. pipe (for a sore.) 

Cap, kap, s. m. head. Ve vied en enpj 
cap-a-pie, from top to toe. Parler cap i cap, 
to have a private conversation. 



buse, bflt : 


jedne, m^ute, bSurre: hafktil, c5nt, liert." vim • mow; brun. 


Cap, Mar. head of a ship ; head-land, cape, 
promoJitory, point. Cap d'ouvriers, quarter 
maa or foremaa among artificers in au arse- 
nal. Le commandant a le cap au large, the 
commodore is standing off shore. Ok est le 
cap ? How Ls her head I Le cap en route, steer 
the roui-se. Cap de mouton, dead eye. Cap 
de tiwaicm/erre, iron-bound ilead eye. Cap 
de mffiUon h croc, iron-bouud dead eye with 
a hook. Cap de remorque d'uii canot, guest 
rope of a boat in town. 

Capable, ki-pibl, adj. capable, able, apt, 
fit; able, learned, skilful. CajMble de tenir or 
de xnienir, capacious enough to hold or re- 
ceive. Faire le capable, to pretend to great 
matters, take upon one's self, set up for a man 
of skill. Un honime capable de toiU, a daring, 
resolute, or bold man ; one that will do aay 

Capablement, adv. learnedly, skilfully. 

Capacite, ka-p4-si-ta, s. f. capaciousness 
or capacity, spaciousness, extent, size ; ability, 
skill, skiliulness, sufficiency ; capability. A- 
voir urn profonde capacite, to be deeply 
leaniecL Selon la capacite de. man esprit, ac- 
cording to my apprehension. Capacite or 
Capacntes, Mar. bulk, burden, tonnage, space 
contained within the hold of a ship. Votre 
batimertt manque de capacites, your ship has too 
narrow a floor. Ce brig a de grandes capaci- 
tes, that brig is very full built. 

Capa RA90N, ka-p^-ra-son, s. m. caparison, 
accoutrement (of a horse.) 

Capara^oNiVer, k5.-pa-r4-s3-H^, v. a. to 
caparison, accoutre. 

Cape, kap, s. f. Spanish cape, a riding- 
feood. Rire sous cajie, tolaugh inoiie's sleeve. 
N'avoir que tepee et la cajK, to have nothing 
but one's sword to trust to, to have little or 
nothing. j 

Caj>e, s. f. Mar. Etre a la cape, to be try- 1 
ing or lying to (in a storm) to try or lie to. 
Ce h&timent est a la cape a la peuilletise, that 
ship is tr\'ing under her main stay-sail. La 
cofie a la'grande voile est tres dangereuse dans 
tes saufs de vent, it is very dangerous to be ly- 
ing to under a main sail in sudden shifts of 

Capelage, s. m. Mar. the shrouds, rigging, 
etc. which go over the mast-head. 

Capelan. kap-l6n, s. m. tattered crape, 
poor priest ; also sort of sea-fish. 

Capeler, v. el Mar. to fix on the mast- 
bead. Citpeter une hune, to get a top over. 

CAPtLET, s. m. swelling in a Iwrse's ' 

Capemne, k^p-!?a, s. f. woman's cap set 
off with feathers ; also Mercury's cap ; and a 
sort of bandage. 

Capen»0, or CooRTPENDU, 8. HI. short 
gtart apple. 

Cap^yeRjOt Caper, v. n. Mar. to try, to 

lie to. 

Capillaire, kS-p?-l^r, s. m. capillaire. Capon, k^-p6n, s. m. t^kish fellow or 
maiden-hair, ladies-hair sharper {at play.) Capon, s. m. Mar. cat. 

Capillaire, adj. of maiden-hair ; a/so of Caponner, ki-p6-na, v, a. to trick or cheat 
capillaire; an<£ capillary. Fracture capillaire, at play. Ca/xmwr, v. a. Mar. to cat. 
fracture not biggerthan a hair. CAPONNiiRE,s.f.caponiiiere,sortoftrench 

CAPiL0TADE,ka-p?-l5-tid,s. f.sortofhash. or lodgement with loop-holes to fire through 
ileltre quelqu'un en capilolade, to berate or ' CAP0UAL,ka-p8-ral, s. m. corporal, 
■lander unmercifully. jl Capot, k'k-pft, s. m. (at piquet) canot 

Capiok, s. m. Mar. upper part. Capion de I Faire quelqti'un capot, to capot one. Etre 
froue, upper part of the stem. Cajrioa de capot, to be capotted. Faire capot. Mar. to 

poupe, upper part of the stern post. De capion 
a capion, from stem to stern. 

Capitaine, ki-pi-tSn, s. m. captain ; also 
commander, general; and governor fof a 
castle.) Lorsqu'il est question de Juir, il est 
toiijaurs le cajntaine, in time of flight he is al- 
ways foremost. Capitaine de vaisseau, post- 
captain. Capitaine de pirAUon, captain of a 
flag ship. Capitaine d'armes, master at arms. 
Capitaine de ]wrt, harbour-master ; also sort 
of master attendant (m a dock-yard.) 

Capitainerie, k4-pi-t^n-ri,s. f. captainry 
or government of a castle ; a/so office of ran- 
ger ; and bouse of the goveriiour or ranger. 

Capital, e, ki-pJ-til, adj. capital, chief, 
main, principal ; (letters) large, capital ; capi- 
tal, worthy of death, mortal. 

Capital, ki-pi-tSl, s. m. main point, chief 
stress ; principal, capital ; stock. // fait un 
grand capital de votre cuiUtii, he depends 
much upon your friendship. 

Capitate, s. f. chief or capital city. Capi' 
tales, capitals, capital letters. 
Capitalement, adv. capitally. 
Capitalists, ki-pi-ii-l?st,s.m. possessor 
of a large property either in nroney or in bills, 
monied man. 

Capitas, kk-pi-ikn, s. at. braggadocio, 
swaggerer, huff, hector. Capitan-Baclui, 
Turiiish admiral. 

Capitane, kk-pl-iht, a. C admiral-gaJ- 
Capitajjie,s. f capitanry. 
Capitation, ki-pi-t^-sion, s. f. capitation, 
poll-tax, or poll-money. 

Capitel, s. in. extract of lie and lime for 
the makiugof soap.^ 
CAPiTEU-x,SE,ka-p?-t^.u,t^uz, adj. beady. 
Capitole, ki-pi-tdl, s. m. capitol. 
Capitolin, e, adj. capitoliue. Jupiter 
Cajnlolin, Jupiter Capitoliue. 

Capiton, ka-pi-ton, s. m. coarsest part of 
silk, the welt. 

Capitoul, kk-pl-i&o\, s. m. capitoul, sort 
of sheriff or alderman at Toulouse. 
Capitoulat,s. m. capitoul's dignity. 
Capitulaire, ka-pi-tft-l/'r, adj. of or be- 
longing to a chapter. Act£ capitulaire, actor 
decree of a chapter (of piiests.) 

Capitulaire, s. m. capitular, body of the 
statutes of a chapter. 

chapterly, by the whole chapter. 

Capitclant, ka-pl-tft-l^rt, s. m. member 
of a chapter, one who has a vote in a chapter. 
Capitulation, ki-pf-tfl-li-sJon, capitu- 
lation, articles, agreement. 

CAPiTULER,ka-p!-ta-la,v.n. to capitulate, 
parley, or treat. 

by smoke. 

Capivert, s. m. amphibious animaj of 




bir, bit, base : th6re, ^bb, ovir : field, f ?g : r6be, rftb, I6rd : m6od, g&od. 

overset. Demeurer capot, to be balked, look 
very silly. Capot, a great coat. Capot d'e- 
ckelle, Mar. companion, hood. 

Capote, ki-p5t, s. f. riding-hood, sort of 
long cloak to cover a woman's dress from 
bead to foot. Capote or capot, is also a little 
cape or cloak worn by the knights of the Holy 

Capre, kipr, s. f. i/ntit) caper. 

CApre, s. m. Mar. privateer. 

Caprice, ki-pris, s. m. caprice, freak, 
frolick, whim, maggot, fancy, piece of mere 

Capricier, (se) v. r. to take pet. 

Capricieusement, k^-pri-siiuz-mJ«, 
adv. capriciously, fantastically, whimsically. 

CAPRiciEU-x,SE,ki-pH-si^u, si^uz, acy. 
capricious, humorsome, fantastical, whimsi- 
cal ; inconstant, fickle. 

CAPRicoRNE,ki-pr5-k5m, s. m. Capricorn. 

Caprier, ki-pri-l, s. m. caper-tree. 

Capriole, V. Cabriole. 

Capripzde, s. m. satyr. 

Caprisant, kli-pri-z^n, adj. (sa'd of a 
pulse hard and irregular.) 

Capron, kci-pron, s. m. large strawberry, 

Capse, kSps, s. f. vote box. 

Capsule, kS^p-s&l, s. f. case, capsule. 

Captal, s. m. chief. 

Captateur, kip-t^-t8ur, s. m. inveigler, 
he that flatters a man in hopes to be his heir. 

Captation, s. f. invei^ing. 

Capter, k?ip-t?i, V. a. Ex. Capter la bien- 
veillance, to cuny favour. Capter Us suffrages, 
to use cunning and deceit to obtain suffrages. 

*Capteur, s. m. captor. 

Captieusement, kip-sl^iz-m^, adv. 

Captieu-x, se, klp-sl^u, s!^z, adj. cap- 
tious, deceitful, subtle. 

Capti-f, ve, k5.p-t1f, tiv, adj. & s. m. & f. 
captive, confined prisoner, slave. 

Captiver, kip-tl-v^, v. a. to captivate, or 
enslave, submit or bring under, master or 
confine, to gain, ruin. Se cajaiver, v. r. to 
captivate or confine one's self, endure confine- 

Captivite, kip-t?-vi-ta, s. f. captivity, 
slavery, thraldom, bondage, confinement. 

Capture, kip-tur, s. f. seizure; arresting; 
capture, -jrize, booty, pre^, catching. 

Capturer, v. a. to sei^e, arrest, catch. 

CAPUCE,ki-nfls, s. m. cowl. 

Capuchon, k?L-p&-shon,s. m. cowl, riding- 
doak. Mar. hood, companion. 

Capucin, ki-pfl-sira, s. m. capuchin friar. 

Capucinade, ki-pfl-sl-nad, s. f. capuchin's 
discourse, paltry sermon. 

Capucine, ki-pft-sin, s. f. capuchin nun ; 

Caq,uage, k3i-kiz, s. m. the preparing of 
herrings for salting. 

Caque, kkk, s. f. cask, keg, barrel. La ca- 
que sent toujours le Jiarenff, what's bred in the 
bone will never be out of tlie flesh. Caqtte- 
tlenier, pinch-farthing. 

Caquer, k?L-AA, V. a. Caepier le hareng, to 
get herrings in order to barrel them up. 



Caquet, kh-k^, s. m. talk, talkativeness, 
prattling, babbling, tittle-tattle. 

Caquetage, s. m. the act of chatting, or 

Caquete, k^-kh, s. f. fish-tub. 

Caqueter, kSi-tl, v. n. to prattle, talk, 
chat, twattle ; also to cluck (as a hen.) 

Ca(1ueterie, kS^k-tl-rl, s. f. babbling, 
prattling', tittle-tattling. 

Caqueteu-r, SE,Mk-t^r,t^z, s. m. & f. 
prattler, a great talker, gossip, prattle-basket, 

Caquetoire, s. f. very low chair with a 
high back ; also that part of the plough on 
which the plough-man sits when he talks to 
any one. 

Caqueur, ki-^^ur, s. m. he that guts her- 
rings in order to barrel them up. 

Car, k&r, conj. for, forasmuch as, be- 

Carab^, s. m. yellow amber. 

Carabin, ki-ri-bin, s. m. carbinier; one 
who breaks off" a game or conversation sud- 
denly. Carabin de St. Come, surgeon's pren- 
tice or mate. 

Carabinade, kl-ri-bi-nid, s. f. the trick 
of breaking off a game, etc. suddenly. 

Carabine, ki-ri-bin, s. f. carabine. 

Carabine, e, adj. Mar. V. Drise. 

Carabiner, v. n. to fire a gun and then 
retreat ; also to take part now and then in a 

Carabinier, ki-r^-bJ-nl-i, s. m. carbi- 

CARAC0L,kci-ri-k6l, s. m. spiral. Esealier 
en caraeol, spiral or winding stair-case. 

Caracole, ki-r&-k81, s. f. caracole or 
wheeling about (as a horse.) 

Caracoler, kS.-ra-k8-li, v. n. to caracole 
or wheel about (as a horse.) 

Caracodler, v. n. to coo. 

Caractere, kl.-rak-t^r, s. m. character, 
mark ; letter, form of letters, type, hand, hand 
■writing; style; charm or spell; character, 
dignity ; dislbguishing trait, character, way, 
humour, nature, genius. 

Caracteriser, kh-rhk-ii-A-zk, v. a. to 
characterise, describe. 

Caracteristique, kS.-rik-tS-rIs-t5k, adj. 
& s. f. characteristick. 

Carafe, kk-iif, s. f. flagon or glass-bottle, 

Carafon, kl-rS-fo«, s. m. bottle (to put in 
an ice-pail,) ice-pail. 

Caragne, s. f. aromatick gum. 

Carattes, s. m. pi. CaraUes; {Seel 
among the Jews who adhered to the letter of 
scripture, and rejected the traditions, Talmud 

Carambole, k?t-rin-b8l, s. f. carambol 
(at billiards.) 

Caramboler, kk-rhiAAAh., v. n. to caram* 
bol (at billiards.) 

Caramel, ka-r&-mSl, s. m. kind of lozenge 
for a cold. 

Caramoussal, or Caramoussat, s. m. 
cormosil [Turkish merchant-man.] 

Cara^uan, s. m. small carack. 

Caraque, ki-r&k, s. f carack ; (a Portu- 
guese Indiaman.) PorceLnne caraque, finest 

Carat, kk-ti, s. m. caract or carat. Un 
fou a vingt-quatrs carats, an arch fed a 
great fool. 

Caravank, ki-ri-vin, s. f. caravaB 




bijse, bflt : j^iine, m^ute, beurre : hifkni. c^nt, lie« ; vim ; mon ; brun. 

Caravanier, s. m. leader of a caravan. 

Caravaniste, s. m. oae belonging to a 

Caravansera or Caravanserai or 
Caravanserai!., s. m. caravansary. 

CARAVELLE,ka-r'i-v5l, s. f. caravel or car- 
vel [sort of Portuguese vessel.) 

Carratine, kar-k^-Un, s. f. skin of a beast 
newly flayed. 

Ca'rboncle, k5ir-ho7^k', s. m. carbuncle, 
ruby; carbuncle, large pimple. 

Carbonnaoe, kar-bi-nad, s. f. carbonado, 
rasher on the coals. 

Carcan, kir-ki'iw, s. m. iron-collar, where- 
with a malefactor is tied to a post ; also car- 

CARCASsE,kXr-kLs,s.f. carcass; lean body, 
mere skeleton ; {sort of bomb) carcass. IMar. 
carcass (j-ibs of a ship before the planks are 
laid on, or after they are ripped off.) 

Carcinome, s. m. carcinoma, cancer. 

Carcinomateo-x, se, adj. carcinomatous, 

Cardamome, s. m. cardamom. 

Cardasse, s. f. Indian fig. 

CARDE,kard, s. f. chard (of an artichoke, 
ttc.) also card for wool, cotton, etc. 

Cakdee, kSir-d^, s. f. as much wool,rfc. as 
Is carded at once with both the cards. 

Carder, k\r-dli. v. a. to card. 

Cardeu-r, se, k^r-dSur, d6uz, s. ra. &. f. 

Cardialcie, s. f. cardialgy, heart-burn. 

Cardialogie, s. f cardialogy, what treats 
of the different parts of the heart. 

Cardiaque, adj. cardiack, cordial; s, m. 

CARDiER,k^r-dla, a. m. maker of cards for 
comljing wool, etc. 

Cardinal, e, adj. cardinal, principal. 

Cardinal, kSr-dl-n^l, s. m. cardinal. 

Cardinalat, k'lr-di-ni-li, s. m. cardinal- 
ate, cardinalship. 

Cardinale, klr-dl-nJl, s. f. sort of plant, 

C» 1 DiNALiSEE, V. a. to make cardinal, to 
paint red. 


Cardonnette, v. Chardorvnetie. 

CARiME,ki-r^m, s. m. lent; also series of 
lent sermons. Faire cdre»te,faire le carime, 
pbsenvr le carSme, to keep lent. Carivie-pre- 
iiant, carnival; also shrove-tuesday; and 
mask or masker in shrove-tide. 

Carenage, ki-re-iiJlj, s. m. Mar. wharf 
©r plao; for careening ships, act of careening 

Carene, k^-r?n, s. f. Mar. careen; also 
ship's oottom^ outside of a vessel's bottom. 
Car^rt^e?rfj^re, thorough careen. Demi-car^ne, 
parliament heel or boot topping. Donmr ca- 
rene a un raisseau, le viettre en carene, or h la 
carhne, to careen a ship. La carene de ce bfUi- 
meTtt est nette, mais la notie est trh-sale, that 
ship's bottom is clean, but ours is very foul. 

CARiNER,ka-ra-nS, v careen, grave, 
boot-top. Notre senau est carM defrais, our 
snow is just off the ground 

Caressant, e, K^-r5-s^,s^t, adj. caress- 
ing, of a caressing temper, fawning.' 

C\res8E, ka-rfe, s. f. caress, caressmy. 
Oiakiug much of, wheedling. /Z m'a fait miUe 

caresses, fie cai-essed -ne "ery much, he. mad« 
very mucn oi rie, 

CARESiER,ica-re-si,V. a. to carfess iv make 
much of, use kind'y soo'h, wheedle, lawa 
upor. C'i1-^iS(>r un t'/'et-iZ, 'c ?'roko a horse. 

Ca'ke'J , fest'-rJ, J. .«: kin'd of {oi'orse, totoiS';- 
shell. V. Carrel. Fil de caret. Mar. rope- 

Cargaison, kar-^^S-zon, s. f. Mar. cargo, 
lading of a ship. Quelle est voire cargaison ? 
what are you loaded with ? 

Cahgue, karg, s. f. Mar. brail. Ce vais- 
seaic a sa misaine sur les cargves, that ship has 
her fore sail in the brails. When connected 
irith anotlier word cargue becomes masculine. 
Cargue a vue, slab line. Cargue boulines or 
cargue h boidines, leech lines. Cargue points 
{des huniers) clue lines. Cargue points (des 
basses voiles) clue garnets. Cargue-fonds, 
bunt lines. Cargue d'artimon, mizen brails, 
etc. Cargue-bas, down-haul tackle of a top 
sail yard. 

Carguehaut,s. m. Mar. parrel haliards 
to the main and fore yards. 

Carguer, kar-^, v. a. Mar. to clue up, 
brail up. Cargue les perroquets, clue up the 
top-gallant sails. Cargue /'acimon, brail up 
the mizen. Cargue la misaine, up fore sail. 

*Cariage, s. m. stock or crew. Tout U 
cartage, all the family, all the stock or crew. 

Cariatide, s. f. ngureof a person support- 
ing an entablature. 

Caribou, s. m. wild beast of Canada, 

Caricature, kWi-k^-ti"ir,s. f. caricature, 

Carie, k^-rl, s. f. caries, rottenness. E y 
a carie en cette dent, this tooth is rotten. 

Carier, k^-rl-i, v. n. to rot. Se carier, 
V. r. to rot, grow rotten. 

Carillon, k^-r?-/on,s. m. chime ; jingling; 
noise, bawling, scolding ; racket, clatter, riot. 
Baftre a double carillon, to beat soundly. 

Carillonnement, s. m. chiming. 

Carillonner, kJi-ri-/o n^, y. n. to chime. 

Carillonneur, ki-r]-Z6-uCur, s. m. chi- 

Carisel, s. m. sort of canvass. 

Cariset, s. m. kersey, a sort of stuff, 

Caristade, ka-r?s-ti"d, s. f. alms, cha 
rity . Demander la caristade, to beg, ask charity. 

Marline, s. f. carline, carline thistle. 

CARLiNGUE,kir-ling, s. f. Mar. (ofamast) 
steji ; keelson or kelson. 

Carme, kArm, s. m. Carmelite, white friar. 
Carmes, two-fours. 

Carmelite, kirm-llt,s. f. Carmelite nun, 
Carmelite pear. 

Carmin, kar-min, s. m. carmine. 

Carminati-f, ve, kir-mi-n^-tif, tlv. adj. 
carminative, that expels wind. 

Carnage, k3.r-nS.jr, s. m. slaughter, massa- 
cre, carnage. Carcass or carrion. 

Carnassier, e, kS.r-n^-sE, sl^r, adj. de- 
vouring flesh, that lives upon flesh ; also vora- 
cious, greedy, that eats much flesh ; Camas» 
siere, bag or pouch (to put game in.) 

Carnation, kSir-nii-slon, s. f. carnation, 

Carnaval, kl.r-nS.-v?il, s. m. shrove-tide, 

Carne, kirn, s. f. comer (of a stone, tahle^ 


arne.e, adj. carnation, of a flesh colour 




bir, hit, hkse : th^re, &>b, ovir : field, fig : r6be, r5b, Wrd : m6od, g8od. 

Ex. Une anemone caift^e, a carnation ane- 
iBone.. ■ 

CaiOjet^, kir-p^, f . m^ dobJ-book. 

Carnivore, adj. that lives upoa flesh, 
^UTiiyGro«.'s. - " ' 

■'UK; kir-nS-^-tit,. r f.'cer/iosity, 
flesfiy excrescence. 

Carobe, s. f. carob, {weight 24//i of a 

Carogne, ki-rftgn, s. f. jade, baggage, 
impudent slut. 

Caroline, s. f. Carolina (in America.) 
Carolina (a plant.) 

Carolus, s. m. Carolus (old French coin 
worth ten deniers.J li a des. carolus, he is 
well lined, he is rich, he is a monied man. 

Car ON, ka-roM, s. m. slice of fat bacon 
without lean. 

Caroncule, s. f. caruncle. 

Carotides, s. f. pi. the two carotid arte- 

Carotique, s. m. hole which gives pas- 
sage to the carotid artery. 

Carotte, ki-r&t, s. f. carrot. 

Carotter, ki-rft-ti, v. n. to play low, to 
venture but little at play. 

Carottier. e, ki-rft-til, tl^r, s. m. & f. 
tsoe who plays low or ventures but little. 

Carouee, ki-rftob, or Carouge, s. f. 

Caroubier, ki-r5o-b!i, s. m. carob-lree. 

Carpe, kirp, s. m. ^vrist. 

Carpe, s. f. carp (ajsh.) 

Carpeau, kir-p6, s. m. young carp. 

Carpettes, s. f. pi. pack cloth. 

Carpillon, kh-r-pl-lon, s. m. vwy small 

Carquois, kir-kwi, s. m. quiver. 

Carre, kir, s. f. Ex. La carve d'un cha- 
feau, the crown of a hat. La carre d'un habit, 
that part of the coat from the waist upwards. 
Lis Carres d'un Soulier, (he toe of a shoe. 
Homme d'une bonne carre, or qui a une bonne 
earre, square man, broad-shouldered man. 
Cette/emme a la carre belle, that woman is 
well made about the shoulders. 

Carr^, e, ki-rft, adj. square. Periode 
earrSe, full, well turned period. Homme carri, 
well-set man. Homvie carri des &paules, 
broad-shouldered man. Bataillon carri, 
square battalion. Partie cctrrie, party of two 
men and two women. 

Carri or quarri, Mar. square. Bcttiment 
earri or quarri, square-rigged vessel. 

Carre, s. m. square, square figure. Carri 
it jar din, a square bed in a garden, Carri 
de toilette, dressing-box. Carri de vwuion, 
breast of mutton. 

Carreau, ki.-r6, s. m. square, any thing 
that has four sides ; goose or pressing-iron ; 
cushion ; (at cards) diamond ; Dolt, dart, ar- 
row, thunder-bolt; ground or spot, floor. 
Street; square, lozenge, etc. of a floor; ob- 
struction ; piece of metal prepared for coining. 
Carreau ae viire, pane or square of glass. 
Carreau de pierre, free-stone made ready for 
building. ^/•oc/i£<carreaM, great pike. Car- 
reau de terre cuite, square tile or brick. Car- 
reau de /oiCTice, Dutch tile. Coucher sur le 
tarreau, to lie in the street. Coucher or Jeter 
quelqu'un sur le cai-reau, to kill one upon the 
spot. Demeurer sur le carreau, to be killed 
lipou the spot 

Carrefour, kir-fdor, s. m. cross-way 
place where streets cross. 

Carr^ger, v. n. Mar. to beat about, plj 
or turn to windward. 

Carrelage, kir-liz, s. m. paving with 
square tiles, bricks, etc. 

Carreler, kkr-li, v. a to pave with 
square tiles, bricks, marbles, etc. to cobble 

Carrelet, k4r-l^, s. m. a flounder; als» 
sort of fishing-net ; shoemaker's aiigular nee- 

Carrelette, s. f sort of file. 

Carreledr, kir-l^ur, s. m. one that paves 
with square tiles, bricks, etc. also cobbler. 

Carrelure, kir-hir, s. f. cobbling or 
mending of shoes or boots. Une bonne cca-re- 
hire de ventre, a full paunch, a belly-full. 

Carrement, kk-ra-m&n, adv. squarely. 
Une chose coupie carriwent, a thing cut 

CARRER,ki-rS,v.a.tosquare. Secarrer, 
V. r. to strut, set one's arms a-kimbo. 

Carret, s. m. rope-yam, cabum. V. Fii. 

Carrier, ki-rlii, s. m. quany-man. 

Carriere, kk-rlik-, s. f quarry : career, 
list ; course, race ; term or space of life. Pas- 
ser carriere, to do a thing against the grain. 
Domter carriere a un cheval, to run full 
speed. Donner carrihe a son esprit, to give 
one's wit its full scope, let one's fancy take 
its full latitude. Se donner carriere, to "take a 
great deal of liberty ; gratify one's fency. Ce 
sujel est une belle carriere oh I' on pent exercer 
son ginie, that subject is a fine field to exer- 
cise one's genius. 

Carriole, ki-rldl, s. f. kind of kalash or 
tilted cart. 

Carronnade, s. f. Mar. carronade. 

Carrosse, ki-r&s, s. m. coach. Carrosse 
coupi, chariot. Clieval de carrosse, coach- 
horse ; also stupid clownish felk)w. Mar. 
coach or poop royal. 

Carrossee, s. {. coach-full. 

Carrossier, kci-rd-s5^, s. m. coach-ma- 
ker. Cheval de carrosse. coach-horse. 

Carrousel, ka-r&o-zSl, s. m. sort of tilt or 
military game. 

('arrouse, s. f carousal. 

Carrure, kk-rur, s. f. shape of a coat 
from tlie waste upwards, or breadth of the 

Cartaheu, s. m. Mar. girtline, whip. 

Cartayer, kir-tl-y^, v. n. to quarter, {to 
put the wheels^ and horses on each side of a mi.) 

Carte, kart, s. f paper, map, chart ; table ; 
card ; pasteboard ; bill. Carte blanche, blank 
paper. Domur carte blanche h quelqu'un, to 
give one full liberty or power to act as he 
pleases. Avoir carte blanche, to have full 
power to do as one pleases. Savoir la carte 
de la cour, to know how matters stand at court. 
Donner or /aire les caiies, to deal. Battre 
les caiies, to shuffle the cards. Etre le 
premier en cartes, to be the eldest or elder 
hand, to have the leading hand. Savoir le 
desscms des cartes, to be in the secret. Brou- 
iller les cartes, to sow dissension. Cai-te ma 
rine, chart, sea chart, nautical chart, draught. 
Caiie plate or plane, plane chart. Catie ri' 
duite, Merc at or 's chart. 

Cartel, kir-t^l, s. m. challenge. Cartel 
{exchange of prisoners.) 




buse, b&t : j^i\ne, m^ute, beurre : ^nfknt, c^7it, Whn : vm ; moTi ; brun. 

Cakt^sianisme, kS.r-l§-zl^-n!sin, s. m. 
Cartesiau philosophy. 

Cartesiek, ne, kar-l5-zlere, zlSn, adj. & 
I. ra. and f. Cartesian. 

Cartikr, kir-tii,s. m. card-maker. 

Cartilage, kir-tl-liz, s. m. cartilage, 

Cartilagineu-x, se, kkr-H-ik-zi-nia, 
ntuz, adj. ceirtilaffinous, gristly. 

Cartisane, k^r-tJ-zan, s. f. ex. DenlelU 
a cartisane, vellum-lace. 

Carton, kir-tow,s. m. paste-lward ; thick 
paper, cartoon ; leaf reprinted in the room of 
one to be cancelled ; bandbox. 

C^RTONNtER, s. m. pasteboard maker or 

Cartouche, kar-tftosh, s. f. cartridge; 
charge for a gun. 

Cartoiwlie, s. m. (in sculpture or ■paintins:) 
cartouse, also escutcheon on which a ship's 
name is written. 

Cartulaire, kS,r-tft-l^r, s. m. cartulary; 
also keeper of the records (of a church.) 

Carvi, s. ui. caraway; caraway-seed. 

Cas, ki, s. m. case, exigency, exigence; 
chance, accident ; thin^, matter, business ; fact, 
deed, crime; case of grammar, conscience, 
etc. account, value, esteem. En cos de, in 
of, in point of, in matters of. Au cos que, en 
COS que, cow], in case that, if. En tout cos, 
however, wliatever happens. Posez le cos, 
prenex le cas, put the case, suppose. Par cos 
fortuit, by chance, accidentally. 

Cas, se", adj. broken, sounding as if broken. 
Cela Sonne cas, that sounds as if broken. Voix 
casse, hoarse voice. 

Casanier, E,ki-zi-n?i, nl^r, adj. & s. m. 
& f. close or retired, idle, constant and idle 
keeper in one's house. 

C/ASAquE, k^-zftk, s. f. campaign coat, 
surtout. I'oiimer cctsaque, to turn cat in pan, 
be a turn-coal. 

Casaqui.v, \(k-zk-km, s. m. short great 
coat. Dmimr b, (pulquhm sur le casaquin, to 
line one's jacket, thrash one. 

Cascade, kis-k^d, s. t. cascade, water-fall. 
Jl a fait une ntde cascade, he had a heavy fall, 
he got an unluck}' tumble. 

Case, kaz, s. f. (maiscn) house ; le patron 
de la case, the good man or master of the 
house ; (at hack-gammon) point or two men to- 
gether; square (o,^ac/iecto--Z>oarrf.) V. Casse. 

Casemate, kiz-mftt, s. f. casemate. 

Casemate, e, kiz-ml-ti, adj. defended by 
a ca.<!emate. 

Casemater, v. a. to fortify. 

Caser, \ik-Tk, V. n. to make a point (at 

Caserne, kl-zern, s. f. barrack (for sol- 

Caserner, ki z?r-na, v. n. to be lodged 
in barracks. 

Casernet, s. m. Mar. kind of logbook 
kept by the pilots on board French ships of war. 

Caseu-x, se, k^-zf^-u, z^uz, adj. cheesy. 

Casilleux, ka-zi-l^u, adj. britde (glass.) 

Casque, kilsk, s. m. head-piece or helmet. 

Cassade, ka-s^d, s. f. sham, flam, lie, 
cheat, cheating trick. Un donneur de cassades, 
a cheat. 

Cassant, e, ka-s^M, shil, adj. brittle, soon 

Cassation. ki-sS slon, s. f. annulling, ab- 

rogating, repealing ; also dissolving (of th* 
English Parliament.) 

Casse, kas, s. f. cassia, case for letters in a 
printing-house; pen-case or penner ; coppel; 
dismission ; bcin^ broken or cashiered. Leltrea 
de casse, the king^s order for cashiering an offi- 
cer. V. Cas, 

Cass£, e, adj. broken, etc. Voir cassee, 
hoarse, brolen voice. 

Casse-cou,s. m. break-neck place. 

Casse-cu I., s. m. falling upon one's breech. 
Se donner un casse-cul, to fall upon one's 

Casse-museau, s. m. knock on the nose, 
slap on the chaps, cuff or blow ; also sort of 
puned cake. 

Casse-noix or Casse-noisette, s. m. 

CASSER,ka-si, v. a.lobreak; to cashier; to 
disband, discharge ; to turn out of; to dissolve i 
to annul; make void; to weaken, debilitate. 

Casser un mat. Mar. to sjiend a mast. 

Casser, v. n. to break. Se casser, v. r. to 
break ; grow weak, faint, feeble, crazy, de- 
crepit. Ce batiment s'est casse par le poids de 
son artillerie, that ship's back is broken by the 
weight of her metal. 

Casserole, kis-rfti, s. f. copper-pan. 

Casseron, s. m. sleeve (a fish.) 

Casse-t^te, s. m. heady-wine; diflicull 
science. Mar. overhead netting. 

Cassetin, k^s-lin, s. m. printer's case for 

Cassette, ki-s^t, s. f. casket, box, strong 
box ; (du roi) privy purse. 

Casseur, ki4^ur, s. m. Ex. Cest vn 
I grand casseur de raquelies, he is a great 
I cracker or bouncer ; also a stout vigorous man. 
I Cassidoine, s. f. a sort of precious stone. 

Cassier, kksik, s. m. cassia-tree. 
' Cassine, kk-shi, s. f. little country-house 
j or box. 

I Cassiop^e, s. f. a constellation of the 
northern hemisphere. 

Cassolette, k^-s5-let, s. t.perfuming-pan, 
I or i)ot ; also pleasant and fragrant smell or 
CassonaoE , k^-s5-nid, s. f. unrefined sugar. 

Cassure, ki-sur, s. f. broken place (of any 

CastagnetteS, k?ls-tS.-gnSl, s. f. pi. casta- 

Castelogne, s. f. sort of blanket of fine 

Caste, kast, s. f. tribe. 

Castillan, e, adj. & s. m. &. f. of Cas 
tile, Castilian. 

Castille, kas-t?/, s. f. Castile in Spain; 
strife, altercation, contention. 

Castine, s. f. a sort of whitish stone. 

Castor, k^s-t6r, s. m. castor, beaver. 

Castrametation, kis-tra-mS-t^-s?on, s. 
f. castrametation. 

Castrat, kas-tri, s. m. man who has been 
castrated that his voice may remain like that 
of boys and women. 

Castration, k&s-tr^-s?ow, s. f. castration. 

Casualite, ki-zfl-a-li-ta, s. f. perquisite; 
casualty, accident. 

Casuel, le, ka-z&-^l, adj. casual, acciden- 
tal, fortuitous. Chose casuel le, casualty, acci« 
dent. Parties casuelles, escheats^ places and 
offices whicli escheat to the king. 




bkr, bat, hhsQ : thi^re, Sbb, ovi.r : field, f ?g : r6be, r6b, Ifird : m6otJ, g6od. 

Casuf.LjS. m. profits, pernuisites. 
Casuellemknt, ki-zu-^I-m&«, adv. casu- 
ally, accidental I}', by chance. 
Oasuiste, k^-zfi-isi, s. m. casuist. 
Catachkese, ki-t?i-kr^z, s. f. catatihrc- 

Cataclysm£,s. m. great overflowing, ( 
f. pi. ca 

luge, cataclysm. 

CatacoiMbes, k^-tS.-konb 

Catacoua, V. KakcUoes. 

Catadoupe or Catauupe, s. f. cataract, 

Catafalque, ka-ta-fllk, s. m. funeral de- 
coration on which the cofSn is placed in a 

Catagmatique, adj. & s. m. catagma- 
tick, catagmatick medicine. 

Catakoi, V. Kakalois. 

Catalecte or Catalectique, adj. ca- 

Catalepsie, s. f. calalepsis. 

Cataleptique, adj. struck with the cata- 
lepsis, cataleptick. 

Catalogne, s. f. Catalonia in Spain. 

Catalogue, ki-t^-l&g, s. m. catalogue, 
list, roll. 

Cataplasme, kii-l&-pl?Lsm, s. m. cata- 
plasm, poultice. 

Catapulte, ki-Ua-p&lt, s. f. catapult. 

Catakacte, k?i-li-rlkt, s. f. cataract. 

Catarrhal, e, adj. catarrhal. 

Catakrhe, ka-tir, s. ni. catarrh. 

Catarrheu-x, se, ka-tci-r^u, riuz, adj. 
catarrhal, catarrhous. 

CATASTROFHE,k^-lS.s-trftf,s.f. catastrophe. 

Catechiser, kk-tS-shi-z^, v. a. to cate- 
chise, instruct in the christian faith. To in- 
struct beforehand, endeavour to persuade. 

Catechisme, ka-t^-shism,s.m.catecliism. 

Catechiste, ki-t&-sh!st, s. m. calechist. 

CATECHUMiNE, kS.-lS-H-m§n, s. m. or f. 

CATiGORiE,ka-tS-gft-rl, s. f. category. 

Categorique, ki-tS-gS-rik, adj. cate- 
^rical, formal, to the purpose. 

Categoriquement, kS.-t?-gS-rik-mfoi, 
adv. categorically, to the purpose. 

Cathahtique, adj. »St s. m. cathartick, 
purging medicine. 

CTATHiDRALE, ka-t^-dr&l, adj. f. & s. f. 
cathedral, cathedral chnrch. 

Cathedrant, ki-t§-dr^n, s. m. lecturer, 
professor in an university. 

Catheter, s. m. catheter. 

Catholicisme, ki-to-lJ-sism, s. m. Catho- 
licism. ^ 

Catholicite, kS,-t6-li-si-tii, s. f Catholicism, 
catholick religion; also cathoUck countries. 

CATHOLicoN,ki-ld-ll-kon,s. m. calho'icon. 

Catholique, kk-lb-\\k, adj. & s. m. & f 
catholick, universal, catholick person, pa- 

Catholiquement, ki-to-lik-m^, adv. 
like a catholick. 

CATi, E,_adj. pressed, mangled, 
lustre and stifi'ness to siufls, 'tc. 

m. preparation to give a 

Catimini, ki-tl-ml-ni, Lf. En catimmi, 
Bccretly, in hugger-mugger. 

Catimoran, s. m. Mar. cathmaran. 

Catin, ka-tiji, s. f. doll; lady of pleasure, 
whore ; basin to receive melted metal. 

Catir, ki-tlr, V. a. to dress, or put a gloM 
upon cloth. 

Catoptrique, s. f. catoptricks. 

Cauchemar, or Cochemar, s. m. nigbt* 
mare or hag. 

Cauchois, e, k6-shwi, shwaz, adj. of of 
from Caux in Normandy. Pigeons cauchois 
sort of pigecns larger than others. 

Caudataire, k6-da-t^r, s. m. the train 
bearer (to the pope or a cardinal,) 
Caudebkc, k<Sd-b^k,s. m. sort of French hat. 

Cauris, s. m. little shell used as money in 
several parts of Africa, cowry. 

Causati-f, ve, k6-zl.-tif, tiv, adj. causa- 
tive (in grammar.) 

Cause, k6s, s. f cause, principle ; reason, 
occasion, motive; interest; side, parly; cause, 
case, suit at law. Etre en cause, to sue one at 
law. Cause d'appel, an action upon appeal. 
Ses lieritiers ou ayans cause, his heirs or as- 
signs. A cause de, because of, for the sake of, 
on account of, for. A cause de quoi, where- 
fore. A cause de que, conj. because. 

Causer, k6-z^, v. a. to cause, occasion. 

Causer, v. n. to talk, converse, chat. To 
babble or blab. 

Causerie, k6z-rl, s. f chatting, gossippinf, 

Causeu-r, se, k6-zlur, z^uz, s. m. &, L 
prattler, great talker ; babbler or blab. 

Causticite, k5s-t?-si-ta, s, f. censorious- 
ness, malignity ; cutting satire. 

Caustique, k6s-tik, adj. caustick, burn- 
ing ; censorious, snappish, waspish, satiricetl. 

Caustique, s. m. caustick. 

Cautele, k6-t^l, s. f. cautel ; artfulness, 

Cauteleusement, kAt-l^uz-m?n, adv. 
slily, warhy, craftily. 

Cauteleu-Xj se, kAt-l^u, l^uz, adj. cau- 
telous, sly, cunning, wily. 

Cauteleux, s. m. sly fellow. Franc cau 
teletix, mere sophister. 

Cautere, kfi-tir, s. in. cautery, issue. 

CAUTi;RiTiQUE, adj. that burns, sears tlie 

Cauterise, e, adj. cauterized, seared, 
burnt. Conscience cauierisee, seared or har- 
dened conscience. 

Caut^riser, k6-ta-r!-z^, v. a. to caute- 
rize, sear or bum. 

Caution, k6-siow, s. f bail,security,surety 
EUre catUion or se rendre caution d'une chose. 
to warrant a thing, pass one's word for it. 
Homme stijet a caution, man not to be trusted 
Histoiresujdteilcauiion, uncertain or doubtful 
story. Caution bourgeoise, city security. 

Cautionnement, k6-s?5n-m§K, s. m. bail- 
ing, giving security. 

Cautionner, k6-s!ft-n^, v. a. to bail, be 
bound for ; to warrant, promise, pass one's 

CavagnolEjS. m. a sort of game. 

Cavalcade, k^-vM-kad, s. f. cavalcade, a 
solemn riding ; short journey, tour. 
Cavalcadour, kS,-vSl-k^-d&or, s. m. gen- 
tleman of the horse, equerry. 

Cavale, k?i-vi\l, s. f. mare. 

Ca VALERIE, k?i-vll-ri, s. f. horse, cavalry. 
Cuvalerie leghe, light horse. 

Cavalier, k2i-va-l]a,s. m.trooper; horse- 
man ; cavalier, gentleman ; cavalier, spark ; 
(at chess) knight ; kind of plaironn to plant 
great guns upon. 




bi'ise, bflt : j^uiie, m^utc, beurre : eiifa?*!, cent, Wen : vbi : mon: bnuj. 

Cavalier, e, kn-vi'i-lia, Her, adj. gentle- 
manlike, genteel, gallant, free, noble; bluiii. 

gallantly, gentlemanly, genteely ; bluntly, ca- 

Cave, kav, s. f. cellar; case of bottles ; 
(of a church) vault; (at cards,) pool, stock, 
bank. Cave de toilette, set of smelling bottles. 
Mdtre la cart augrenieret legrenier h la cave, 
tc turn things topsy-turvy. 

Cave, adj. hollow. 

Caveau, ka-v(S, s. m. little cellar; vault. 

Cave^o.v, k^v-sort, V. Cavesson. 

CavIe, ki-va, s. f hollow way or cave. 

Caver, ki-v&, v. a. to hollow or make 
hollow, dig under; (at cards) to stock, put to 
the pool or bank. 

Caverne, k3.-vSrn, s. f. cavern, den, cave. 

Caverneij-x, se, kii-v^r-n^u, n^uz, adj. 
cavernous, full of holes or dens, hollow. 

Cavesson, or Caveijon, s. m. cavesson. 
Dormer un coup de cavessoii a un cfievul, to 
check a horse. • 

Cavet, s. m. sort of moulding. 

Cavillation, kS.-vil-l^-s?on, s. f. cavil or 
sophistical reason ; derision, mockery. 

Cavin, s. m. hollow way. 

Cavite, kS.-vi-tR, s. f. cavity, hollow, hoi- 

Cayenne, s. f. Mar. hulk or receiving 

Caves, s. f pi. keys or chains of rocks 
nearly even with the water's edge. 

Cayec, s. m. sucker, off-set. 

Ce, Cet, s§, s^t, before a vowel or A mute, 
CETTE,f. Ces,s^, pi. pron. this or that; these 
or those, V. Ci. Ce fjui, Ce que, what, which. 
C'est, it is ; also, he is, she is. Ce sont, they 
are, also it is. C'est qiie,h is that, it is because, 
the reason is that. Ce n'est pas qiie, not that, 
it is not that. C'est pourquoi, wherefore. 
C'est a savoir, to wit. Ce me seinl/k, meilnnks. 
Cette mtit, that night, this night; also last 
night. A ce qve, that, to the end tliat. V. A. 

C£\NS, s?i-^n, adv. here, herein, within, at 
home. 11 sort de ceans, he is just gone hence. 

light. A ce que, that, to the enU tl: 

C£\NS, s?i-^n, adv. here, herein, within, 
just go 
Le maitrc de ceans, the master of this house. 

CECi,se-s'/, this. 

Cecite, sa-s?-ta, s. f. cecity, blindness. 

Cedant, e, sa-d^w, d^ni, s. m. & f. a 
grantor, one 'hat yields or gives up. 

Ceder, sa-da,v. a. to jield, yield up, give 
over or up, part with, make over, resign. 
Ceder I'ax-antage du vent. Mar. to take (being 
to windward) the lee-gage (of an enemy.) 

Ceder, v. n. to yield, submit, give way, 
eomply. Je ne lui cede en rien, I am not be- 
ind liim in any thing, I am as good a man as 
he every way. 

Ceder, v. n. Mar. to settle, etc. Les pants de 
notre vieux b&timeru onl beaiwaiip cede, our old 
ship's decks have settled a great deal. Ceder 
au nuim-ais tempf, to bear up and put before 
it in a gale of wind. 

Cj^DiEi.E, sa-di/, s. f. cedilla, dash under a 
r (ihi)s <^.) 

C^DRAT, s?i-drS, s. m. kind of citron, and 

Cedre, s?dr, s. m. cedar, cedar-tree, cedar- 
wood ; also kind of citron. Aigre de cedre, 
sort of lemonade. 

CioRiE, s. f. gum of the cedar-tree. 

Cedrium, s. m. oil of cedar. 
Cedole, sa-d&l, s. f. note (for money due) 
schedule; list of names, e/c. V. Evocatoire. 

CEiNDRE,siHdr, V. a. Wkefeiiidre aieindre; 
to girdf, < 
surfound7 enclose. 

to gird, gird about; to gird, compass about. 

Ceintrage, Ceintre, Ceintrer, V. 
Cintrage, etc. 

Ceinture, sin-tilr, s. f. girdle wsash ; also 
waist, emd waistband ; enclosure ; cincture, 
girdle. Eire pendu a la ceintwe de qiielqu'un, 
to hang at one's elbow. Ceinture de la Heine, 
sort of tax upon wine at Paris. 

Ceinture, s. f. Mar. swifter, (rope which en- 
circles a vessel or boat above the water-line.) 
Ceinture de la bmtclie d'un canon, muzzle 
mouldings of a cannon. 

Ceinturier, sin-tft-ria, s. m. girdle- 
maker, belt-maker. 

Ceinturon, sin-tiVron, s. m. sword-belt. 
Cela, (demonstrative pronoun) that ; such 
folks. Comment -cela? how so ? 
Celadon, s^-la-don, s. m. sea-green. 
Celebrant, s^-la-br^n, s. m. officiating 
priest. V. CeUbrer. 

Celebration, sa-l^-bra-slo«,s. f. celebra- 
tion (of mass, etc.) 

Celebre, sa-l§br, adj. celebrated, fa 
nious, renowned, eminent, celebrious, solemn. 
Cii.^BRifc, E. adj. celebrated, etc. 
Cel:^brer, siv-ia-bra, v. a. to celebrate, 
commend, set forth; to celebrate, solemnize 

C^LEBRiri, si-la-brl-t^, s. f. solemnity, 
pom^; a/so celebrity, fame. 

CELER,sa-la, V. a. to hide. conceal, secrete, 
keep secret or close. Se/aire c^ler, to denj 
one's self. 
Celeri, sil-ri, s. m. celerv'. 
Celkrin, s. m. sort of pilchard. 
Cei.Erite, sa-lu-rl-t?i, s. f. celerity, speed, 
swiftness, haste, diligence. 

Celeste, si-l&t, adj. celestial, heavenly, 
high, divine, great, excellent, perfect. Bleu 
celeste, sky-colour. 
Cei.esti n, sa-l?s-tin^ s. m. Celestine (monk ) 
Celiaque. adj. celiack. 
CELiBAT,sa-ri-ba, s. m. celibate, celibacy, 
single life. Virre dans le celihatAo live sin- 
gle or unmarried, to live a single life. 

Celibataire, sa-H-bS-t^rj s. m. & f. one 
who lives in celibacv, bachelor. 
Celle, s^l, V. Cefet. 
Cellererie, s. f. office of cellarist. 
Cellerier, e, sS-l^-ri^, rl^r, s. m. & f. 

Cellier, s3-lfa, 9. m. cellar; also store- 

Oellulair':, adj. cellular. 
Cellule, s^-iai,s. f. cell; partition, case. 
CELUi,se-lft?,m. CELLE,f. (demonstraliva 
pronoun.) he, she, that ; plural, ceitx, m. celUs, 
f. they, those. Celni-ci, m. celle-ci, f. this ; p/u- 
ral, ceu-x-ci., m. celles-ci, f. these ; celui let, m. 
celle la, f. that; plural, cnix-la, m. celles-la, f. 
those ; celui de, celle de, that of; ceux de, cellea 
de, those of; celui qui, celle qui, he who, she 
who, a person who, that which, such as ; ceux 
qui. relies qui, they who, those who, such as. 
Cement, s. m.' cement. 
CEMENTATION, s. f. Cementation. 
C^MENi ATOiRE, adj. cementcitory. 
Cementer, v. a. to cement, purify gold. 
CiNACLE, s^-n^, s ra. room where our 




bar, bat, b?ts(! : th^re, ^bb, ovgr : field, fig : r6be, r8b. 16rd : m6ocl, gdod. 

Baviour celebrated his last supper with his 

Ckndke, s^ndr, s. f. ashes. Le jour des 
cendrcs, Ash- Wednesday. Cendre de plomb, 
small shot (for a fowling-piece.) 

Cendrf, e, se«-dra, adj. ash-coloured. 

Ckndr^e, s. f. dross of lead; a kind of 
small shot. 

Cen d reu-x, se, si»t-driu, driuz, adj . ashy, 
foil of ashes. 

Cendrikr, s^w-dr?&, s. m. ash-hole. 

Cene, s^n, s. f. Lord's supper. Faire la 
eerie, to receive the communion, communicate. 

Cenelle, 8. f. the fruit of the holly-oak or 

C^nobite, sH-nS-blt, s. m. cenobite, monk. 

CiNOTAPHE, s^-n5-tS.f, s. m. cenotaph, 
enipt}' tomb. 

Ceks, s^s, s. m. quit-reut, old rent, copy- 

Cenpable, adj. to whom the quit-rent be- 
loiig-s. Seigneur ccnsable, lord of the manor. 

Censal, s. m. broker. 

Cense, s^ns, s. f. farm, free-farm. 

Cekse, e, s^-s^, adj. accounted, looked 
upon, reputed. 

Censeur, s^w-s?ur, s. m. censor, critick, 

Censier, e, s^-s?^, s?6r, adj. to whom the 
quit-rent belongs. Seigneur cejisia; lord of 
a manor. 

Ce.vsier, e, s m. & f. faimer who pays 

CENSiTAiRE,s^-s?-t^r, s. m. copv-holder. 

Censive, s^-siv, s. f. manor, quit-rent. 

Censuel, le, sMi-sS-?l. adj. feudal. 

Censurable, s^w-sfi-ribl, adj. censurable. 

Censure, s^w-si'ir, s. f censorship; cen- 
atre, check, reproof, correction ; criticism. 

Censurer, s^«-sft-ri, v. a. to censure, 
check, chide, reprove or reprehend, find fault 
with, condemn. 

Cent, sSra, adj. a hundred. Cviq pour 
cent, five per cent. 

Cent, s. m. a hundred weight. 

Centaine, s^n-tSn, s. f. a hundred; also 
first thread of a skein. 

CENTAURE,s^wt6r, s. m. centaur. 

Centauree,s. f. centaury. 

Centenaire, s?nt-n^r, adj. a hundred 
years old, of a hundred years standing, cente- 

Centenier, s?nt-n!a, s. m. centurion, cap- 
lain of a hundred. 

CsNTiiME, s^n-t!^m, adj. hundredth. 

Centon, s^n-ton. s. m. cento, rhapsody. 

Central, E,s?n-trll, adj. central. 

Centre, sSwtr, s. m. centre. Etre dans 
ton centre, to be in one's element. 

Centrifuge, s^-tr?-ffts, adj. centrifugal. 

Centripete, s^-tri-p?t, adj. centripetal. 

Cen r-suissES, s, m. pi. a Swiss guard of 
the French king. 

Centuple, s^n-tfipl, s. m. a hundred fold. 
Centupler, v. a. to repeat a hundred times. 

Cfnturiateur, s^n-tfi-r!i-t§ur, s. m. cen 

Centurie, s^n-tfi-rl, s. f. century. 

Centurion, s^n-tS-rlow, s. m. centurion. 

Cep, s?p, s. m. vine. Cq>s, s^, {he/ore a 
wteel s^7,,) fetters, shackles. 

CEPEXUANT,.sl-pin-d^n, adv. iu the mean 

tmie or while ; also nevertheless, vet and yet 

Cephalique, adj. cephalick. ' 

CipHALALOGiE, s. f. (hat part of anatomy 
which treats of the brain. 

Cerat, sa-ra, s. m. cerate. 

Cerbere, s. m. Cerberus. 

Cerceau, s^r-s6, s. m. hoop, kind of net 
for birds, circle upon the surface of the water. 
Cerceaux, quills at the end of tlie wings of a 
bird of prey. 

Cercelle, s?r-s^l, s. f. teal. 

Cercle, s^rkl, s. m. circle ; also hoop. 

Cercle, s. m. ftlar. hoop, etc. Cercles de 
bouie-hors, studding sail boom irons. Cercle 
de rpfiexion, reflecting circle. Cercles da 
faiwLux de poupe, lantern-girdles. 

Cercler, sGr-kla, v. a. to encircle, envi- 
ron ; to hoop (a cask.) 

Cerclier, s^r-klii,s. m. hoop-maker. 

Cercueil, ser-AJul, s. m. coffin. Mettre au 
cercueil. to cause one's death. 

CiR:^BRAL, E, adj. of or belonging to the 

Ceremonial, E,sa-ra-rn^-n1-al, adj. cere- 
monial.^ Ex. Preceptes ceremoniavx, ehquelle. 

Ceremonial, .s. m. ceremonial, ritual; 
ceremonies ; forms of politeness. 

C:£re.monie, s^-ra-mfl-nl, s. f. ceremony ; 
rite ; form, formality ; compliment. HaMt de 
cer^monie, formalities. 

CerEmonieu-x, se, sa-ra-mfl-ni-^u, iuz, 
adj. ceremonious, full of ceremonies, formal. 

Cerf, s^r, s. m. stag, hart. Come de cerf, 
hart's horn, hankie de cerf, hart's tongue. 

Cerf-volant, great horn-beetle, bull-fly ; 

Cerfeuil, s?r-f?ul, s. m. chen'il, (plant.) 

Cerisaie, sS-r!-z^, s. f orchard of cherry- 

Cerise, se-r?z, s. f. cherry. 

Cerisier, sl-ri-z!^, s. m. cherrv-tree. 

C£RNE,s<irn, s. m. ring, circle \traced in 
sand;) circle or black and blue mark un- 
der the eye. 

CernE, e, adj. cut round. Noix cernie, 
walnut, the kernel of which is taken out of the 
green shell. Ye:\ix cemes, eyes black and blue. 

Cerneau, sf^r-n6, s. m.' kernel of a green 

Cerner, s?r-na, v. a. to cut round ; to cut 
ofi" all communication. Cerner vne noix, to 
take out the kernel of a green walnut. Cer- 
ner nn arbre par le pied, to tap a tree at the 
root, to open a tree round about the root. 

Certain, e, s^r-tiw, t^n, adj. certain, sure, 
true ; confident, assured ; certain, fixed. 
(Qitelqtie) certain, some. 

Certain, s. m. certainty. Quitter le cer- 
tain pour Pincertain, to part with a certainty 
for an uncertainty. 

Certainement, s^r-t?_n-m?n, adv. cer- 
tainly, infallibly, without fail ; a/50 positively ; 
indeed, truly ; surely, undoubtedly. 

Certes, s^rt, adv. truly, indeed. _ 

Certificat, s?r-t?-fi-k^ , s. m. cerf'iicate. 

Certificateur, s?r-l?-ff-ka-t3ur, s. m. 

Certification, s?r-t1-f?-k5-sJor s. C 
avouching, vouching, certifying. 
Certifier, s<^r-t?-fia, v. a. to certify, assure. 
Certitutie, s^r-l?-t&d, s. f. certainty, certi* 
tude ; aho stability. 

Cerumen, s. m. cerumen, ear-wax. 





bi'ise, bfit : j^unc, meute, beuire : 6nfawt, c^nt, lien ; vm ; mo« ; hmn. 

Ceruminku-x, se, adj.cerumiiious. 

CiRUSK, sa-ruz, s. f. ceruse, Spanish while. 

Cervaison, s§r-v§-zow, s. f. Ex. Uncerf 
qui est en cen-aison, a fat stag. 

Cerveau, s§r-v6, s. m. the brain. Avoir 
le cerveau percliis, creiix, nuU timbre, or de- 
tnonte, to 1)6 crack-brained. S'alambiquer, se 
distiller le cerveau, to puzzle or rack one's 
brains., sSrv'-li, s. m. large kind of sau- 

Cervelet, s^rv-lS, s. m. hinder part of 
the brain, cerebel. 

Cekvelle, s^r-vil, s. f. brains. C'est une 
bmine cervelle, he has a gootl heaH-])iece. Je 
lui ferai saiiler la cervelle, I siiail break his 
pate. Tenir quelqu'iin en cervelle, to keep one 
m suspense, keep one uneiisy. Cerveile de 
palmier, pith of a palmtree. 

Cervical, E, adj. cervical or of the neck. 

Cervier, adj. m. Ex. Loitp cervier, lynx. 

*Cervoise, s^r-vwaz, s. f. sort of beer. 

Ces, V. Ce. 

CisAR, s^-zir, s. m. a name given to the 
first Roman Emperors. 

Cesarienne, sSi-zS.-r?Sn, adj. f. L'opetatioii 
cesarienne, the cesarian operatmn. 

Cessant, e, adj . ceasing. Toute aittre af- 
faire cesaante, notliin^ intervening. Cessajd 
qiwi, for want of whi A. 

Cessation, sS-s^-sion, s. f. cessation, inter- 
mission. Cessation d'annes, cessation of arms, 

Cesse, sis, s. f. ceasing, intermission. 
Sans cesse, without ceasing, incessantly, con- 
tinually. N'avoir point de cesse, n'avoir au- 
cune cesse, not to cease, not to be at rest. 

Cesser, v. a. & n. to cease, be at an end, 
leave off, give over, forbear or discontinue. 
Faire cesser le travail, to put a stop to the 
work. Cessez vos plaintes, forbear your com- 

Cesser, v. a. Si, n. Mar. to leave off, have 
done. Le baiiment a cesse de venir au vent, the 
ship has done coming to. Cessez lefeu a tri- 
bard, leave ofi' firing the starboard ginis. 

Cessible, adj.cessible. 

Cession, s^-sion, s. f. cession, 3'ielding up, 
giving or making over, resignation. I^ai're 
cession de son droit, to yield up one's right. 
Faire cession de smi bien',io resign one's estate, 
turn bankrupt. 

Cessioxnaire, s§-sl5-nir, s. m. cessionary, 
bankrupt; o/so party to whom something has 
been yielded. 

Ceste, s^st, s. m. cestus, girdle; also 
wrestler's gauntlet. 

Cesure, s^-ziir, s. f. cjBSura, pause. 

Get, Cette, s^t, V. Ce. 

CETAciE, adj. cetaceous. 

CixiRAc, s. m. spleen-wort. 

*Celui-ci, this. 

•Celui-la, that. 

Ceux, V. Celui. 

Ch, in French words, is generally to be pro- 
nounced as the English sli. 

Chablage, sha-blir, s. m. labour and fees 
«f a water-officer. 

Chableau, s. m. kind of rope. 

Chabler, v. a. to tie, fasten to a rope, 

Chableur, shi-blSur, s. m. water-officer 
bl Paris. 

CHABMS,shi.-bll, s. m. wind-fallen wood. 

Ch ABOT, sha-b6, s. m. miller's thumb (Jsk.), V. Chasselas. 

Chacart,s. m. Indian cotton. 

Chaconne, ski-kfln, s. f. sort of tjue and 

Chacun, e, sha-i^'m, khn, adj. every per- 
son, everv one, every body, each, e> ery thing. 
Chacun ch nmts, each of us. Chaain a sa cha- 
cmie, every Jack has a Jill, lis mit rempli 
chacun lenr devoir, each has done his duty. 

Chacuniere, s. f. {motforgi jmr madcane 
de Sevigne) every one's own house. 

Chafouin, sliii-fwin, s. m. pole-cat. 

Chafouin, e? adj. sneakmg, wretched, 
I^ilifiij, poor, mean looking : it is also tised sub- 

Chagrin, shJ-grin, s. m. trouble, vexation 
grief, sorrow, sadness, melanchol}* ; shagreen 
silk stuff made rough as shagreen. Cela 
me domic du chagrin, that vexes or trou- 
bles me. J'en suis daris le dernier chagrin, I 
am extremely concerned or troubled about it. 
Un homme qui se fait des chagrins de i-iai-, a 
morose, peevish, fretful man. 

Chagrin, e, shii-grin, gr?n, adj. morose, 
peevish, sour, fretful, melancholy, sad. 

Chagrinant, e, sh^-gri-ni«, adj. vexa- 
tious, ti-oublesomc. 

Chagriner, sh^-grl-n^, v. a. to vex, 
grieve, trouble. Se cliagriner, v. r. vo fret, 
vex one's selj". 

Chahuant, V. Chat-huant. 

Chaine, sh(^n, s. f. chain; (of a wall) nis- 
tick coins ; (of cloth) warp ; (of nwuntains) 
ridge, tract, chain; galleys; felons, galley- 
slaves ; chains, bonds, captivity, bondage. 
Chaine, s. f. Mar. chain, etc. Clutine de port, 
boom or chain of a harbour. Chaine de ro- 
chers, ledge, ridge of rocks. Chaines de 
vergttes, top-chains. Chahies de galluiubans, 
back-stay plates. Chaines de haubans du 
grand mat, main chains. 

Chaineau, s. m. V. Chhieau. 

Chainetier, s. m. chain-maker. 

Chainette, shi-n?t, s. f. little chain 
Clurtnettc h montre, watch-chain. 

Cha}non, sh^-no??. s. m. link of a chain. 

Chair, sh^r, s. f. flesh; meat; skin. Etn 
en chair, to be fat. Couper jvsqu'a la chaii 
rive, to cut to the quick. Chair de mouton 
de hneuf or d'agneau. mutton, beef or lamb 
Chair de poisson, fleshy part of a fish. Cliait 
defntit, pulp of fniit. 

Chaircutier, V. Charcutier. 

Chaire, shir. s. f. pulpit. Chaire 4'ttn si 
4s;ir p'7)?.?co;«i/, episcopal see. Dispnter une chair\ 
de droit, to dispute for a professorship in law 
Chaire, office of a preacher, etc. preaching 

Chaise, shez. s. f. chair, seat; (percdtf 
close stool ; (^roulante) chaise ; chair or sedan 
Portettr de chaise, chairman. 

Chalan, s. m. Mar. sort of lighter m 

Chaland, e, sh5-lin, lind, & f. cus 

Chalandise, sha-lin-dlz, s. f. custom; 
also customer. 

Chalastique, adj. that relaxes the fibre? 

Chalcite, s. f. mineral of the nature of 

Chalcographe, s. m. chalcographw, ar 
ensrraver in brass. 




bir, bjt, base : tli^re, ^bb, ovlr : field, fig : r6be, r6b, I6rd : m6od, gilod. 

Chalcoguaphie, s. f. chalcography. 

Chalkur, shS^-lSur, s. f. lieat, warmlh; 
aijimosily ; fervency, eagerness, zeal, ardent 
affection. Chaleur dejievre, hot fit of an ague. 
Chaleiir defoie, fit of anrer, gust of passion. 
11 fail une grande chcueur, it is very hot 
weather. Chierme en chaleur, proud bitch. 
Carols qui entre en chaleur, mare ready to 
lake the horse. Donmr clwdeur, to animate, 

Chaleureu-X, se, sha-l§u-r^u, riuz, adj. 
that has much natural warmth. 

Chalibe, e, ka-li-bS., adj. chalybeate. 

Chalit, sh4-ll, s. m. be»-stead. 

Chaloir, v. n. (Rarely used, except in) II 
ve m'en cliaut, that concerns me not, I don't 
care for that ; non pourtaril qu'il ?ii'en cJiaille, 
not, however, that I care a fig for that. 

Chalon, s. m. drag, dragnet. 

Chalcupe. sha-l6op, s. f. Mar. long boat, 
launch, etc. Cluxloujte d'un vaisseau de guerre, 
long boat or launch of a mau of war. Cha- 
loupearmee, launch manned and armed. Cha- 
lou]K a la traine, boat towing a-stern. Clw.- 
loupe canminikre, gun boat. Chalcupe en botte, 
boat in the frame. Mettre la chaloupe a la mer, 
to launch the boat. 

Chalumeau, shil-l?i-m6, s. m. straw or 
, stalk of grain ; also reed or pipe. 

CHAMADE,shi-mS.d, s. f. chamade, parley. 
Battre la chamade, to beat a parley. 

CHAMAiLLER,shi-mi-/a, V. n. Sechamail- 
ler, V. r. to tilt or skirmish, fight hand to hand 
with weapons 0/- tilts ; also to wrangle, bicker, 

Chamaillis, sh^-mci-/l, s. m. tilting, skir- 
mish, fight ; wrangling, bickering, contest, 

Chamarrer, shIl-mi-riV, v, a. to daub, 
deck all over with gold and silver lace, etc. 

Cha.aiakrure, s. f. daubing or ornament- 
ing excessively with 'ace. 

CHAMEELr.AGE, s. m. a sort of tcLK paid by 
vassals to their lords. 

Chambellan, s\ihfi-\ik-\hn, s. m. chamber- 

Chambourin, s. m. kind of stone used to 
make crystal glass. 

CHAMBiiANi-E, sh^w-br^nl, s.m. door-case, 
window-case, mantletree. Chambranle des 
^coutilles, coverings of the hatches. 

Chambre, sh^;?br, s. f. chamber or room. 
Chambre a coucher ; bed-chamber. Cliambre 
on Von mange, dining-room. Valet de 
chambre, valet de chambre. Fille or femme 
de cliambre, chamber-maid. Chambre de jus- 
tice, court of justice, or the room whereinit is 
kept. Robe de cliambre, night or morning 
gowii. Virre en cliambre, to live privately in 
a lodging. Les deux chambres du parlemenl 

id' Angleterre,) the two houses of parliament. 
'm cfjxmbre haute, the upper house or house 
of lords. La cliambre basse, the lower house 
or house of commons. Chambre des assur- 
ances, insuraiice office. Une chambre basse, 
ground-room. Chambre obscure, camera ob- 
scura. Faire la chambre, to sweep the room. 
Chambre, Mar. room, chamber, cabin, etc. 
Grande chambre, ward -room {in line of bat- 
tle ships;) great cabin (in smaller t-essels.) 
Chambre de covseil, admiral's cabin, captain's 
cabin. CliamLj-e d'ojicia; cabin. Cliambre 
d'une embarcation, stern sheets of a boat. 

Cliambre de canon, chamber or cl arged cy 
Under of a cannon. Cliambre de mortier- 
chamber of a mortar. Chamber is also s 
flaw, crack or honey-comb (7iMde in casting 
a bell, cannon, S^c.) 

Chambre, e, adj. Ex. pike cliambrie, gun 
that is honey-combed. 

ChambrIe, sh^-bra, s. f. number of sol- 
diers that lodge and eat together ; room-full, 
house-full (at a theatre.) 

Chambrelan, Ski<^H-br-le«, s. m. ledger, 
also one that works in a private cliamljer. 

Chambrkr, sh^?i-bra, v. n. to lie or lodge 
together ; v. a. to discourse apart with one. 

CHAMBRETTE,shi«-brSt,s. f. a little cham- 
ber or room, cabin. 

Chambrier, sh^-br?-a, s. m. chamberlain 
(in a monastery.) Grand chambrier, V. 

Chambriere, sh^-br!-^r, s. f. house-maid; 
also horse-whip used in riding-schools. Cham- 
briires, s. f pi. Mar. beckets (for the tacks 
and sheets.) 

Chambkillon, s. f. little maid-servant. 

Chame, s. f. sort of shell-fish. 

Chameau, sha-mi, s. m. camel. Chameau, 
Mar. camel, (sort of engine.) 

Chamelier, sh5,m-lE, s. m^ camel-dri- 

Chamei.le, s. f. she-camel. 

Chamois, sh?i-mwi., s. m. chamois. Peau 
de chamois, chamois-leather. 

CHAMOisERiE,s.f. place where is prepared 
the chamois-leather. 

Chamoiseur, s. m. chamois-dresser. 

Champ, sh^M, s. m. field or piece of ground ; 
(of battle) field ; (of painting) ground ; (of a 
comb) bridge, middle; (in heraldry) field. 
Scope, subject, theme, matter. Champ clos, 
camp, lists. Combat en champ clos, tourney. 
Sur le chump, offhand, immediately. A tout 
bout de champ, a chaqite boid de champ, ever, 
ever and anon, at every turn. Champs, fields, 
country. A travers champs, across the fields, 
over hedge and ditch. Gagner les champs, to 
run or scamper away. Baitre aux champs, to 
beat the march, begin to march. Se mettre 
aux champs, to fly into a passion. Donncr la 
clef des champs a quelquhm, to give one his 
liberty, let him ^o where he will. Roue de 
cliamp, horizontal wheel. 

Champan, s. m. Mar. sampane. 

Champagne, s. f. champaign. 

Champagne, s. m. champaign wine. 

Champart, sh^M-pir, s. m. part of the 
produce taken by the lord as field-rent. 

Champarter, sh^7i-p^r-tS., v. n. to coUec 

Champarteresse, s. f Ex. grange cham 
parteresse, barn where the field-rents are laid 

Champarteur, shiM-p?ir-t?ur, s. m. field- 
rent collector. 

Champeaux,s. m. pi. fields, meadows. 

Chasipexois, e, s. m. & f. one born in 

Champ£tre, sh^7?-pkr, adj. rural, coun- 
try-like. Maison champetre, country-house. 
Vie champetre, country-life. Homme cham 
peire, one that lives a country life, country" 
man, clown. 

Champi, s. m. sort of paper for window 




bAse, bflt : j^une, mSute, beurre : hntiinx, chit, lien : vi?* ; mon : brun. 

Champignon, sh^n-pJ-gnow, s. m. a mush- 
room ; star, thief or stranger (of a candle.) 

CHAMPiGNONNiiRE, s. f. bed for mush- 

Champion, sh^n-pfon, s. m. champion. 

Chance, sh^s, s. f. hazard, play at dice; 
chance or main; chance, luck, good fortune. 
Center sa cliance, to lay open one^s case. Li- 
vrer chance, (at dice) to throw a main. 

Chancel, sh^-sel, or Chanceau, s.m. 
chancel in a church. 

Chancelant, e, sh^s-I^, l^nt, adj. reel- 
ing, staggering, wavering, unsteady, fickle. 

Chanceler, sh^js-la, v. n. to reel, stag- 
ger, waver, be unsteady or wavering, be at 

Chancelier, sh^7is-15i, s. m. lord chan- 
cellor; chancellor. 

Chancelikre, sh^s-llir, s. f. chancellor's 

Chancellement, sh^2-s5l-mSn, s. m. 
reeling, staggering. 

Chancellerie, sh^-s^l-rl, s. f. chancery. 

Chanceu-x, se, sh^-s^u, s^uz, adj. lucky, 
that has good luck. 

Chanci, E, adj. mouldy, (food of any sort.) 

Chancir. shin-s?r, v. n. Se rhancir, v. r. 
to grow mouldy, (smoking of eatables.) 

Chancissure, sn^n-si-sir, s. f. mouldi- 

Chancre, sh^wkr, s. m. chancre , canker; 
also sore (in the mouth, etc. arising from a fe- 
ver ;) and filth (abmU the teeth.) 

Chancreu-x, se, sh^n-kr^u, kr6uz, adj. 

Chandeleur, sh^7Kl-l?ur, s. m. candlemas. 
F^te or jour de la chandeleur, candlemas-dav. 

Chandelier, sh^d-l?i, s. m. candlestick. 
Chandler or tallow-chandler. 

CJyimlelier, s. m. Mar. stanchion, crotch. 
Chandeliers de lisses pour bastingage, stan- 
chions for the nettings. Chandeliers d'Mielle 
hors le hord, stanchions of -the entering ropes. 
Chandelier de chaloupe, crotch of a boat. 
Chandelier de pierrier, iron crotcii of a swivel ; 
flZiso wooden stock in which it is shipped. 

Chandelihe, s. f. chandler's wife or widow. 

Chandelle, sh^n-d^l, s. f. candle. Chan- 
delle de cire, wax-candle. Chandelle de reille, 
rush light. Chandelle de glace, icicle. Lejeu 
ne vaut pas la chandelle, it will not quit cost, it 
is not worth one's while. 

Chanfrein, s. m. forehead (of a horse,) 
piece of black stuff (on the forehead of a 
mourning horse;) also set of feathers (for a 
horse upon a solemn day.) 

Change, sh^nz, s. m. exchange or barter ; 
a change ; change ; the exchange ; exchange ; 
bankers trade; premium of exchange; 
change, ^vrong scent. Perdre au change, to 
lose by the bargain. Gagner au change, to 
get by the change. Lettre or billet de change, 
bill of exchange. Faire le change, to be a 
banker. Donner le change h qjtetqu'un, to put 
one upon the viTon"- scent, delude one. Prendre 
le change, to mistake, be deluded. 

ChanG'^, e, adj. changed, altered, turned, 
converted, etc. 

Changeant, sh^n-zhn, zhit, adj. incon- 
stant, fickle, uncertain, changeable, variable. 
Coiifeur chansreante, changeable colour. 

Ch^ngemknt, sh^Mz-m?7i, s. m. change, 
chnnging, alteration, vicissitude. Stfjet au 

changetnent, changeable, mutable, inconstant, 

Cliangement, s. m. Mar. change, turn, etc. 
Changemeni de la maree, turn of the tide. 
Cliangement de la lune, change of the moon. 

Changer, sh^w-s^, v. a. to change, make 
an exchange, barter. To turn, change, trans- 
form ; to change (money ;) alter, innovate. 

Changer, v. n. to change. Changer de, to 
shift, alter. Chaaiger d'habit, to change 
clothes. Clianger de chemise, to shift, shift 
one's shirt. Clianger de logis, to shift one's 
quarters, remove. Changer de note, to change 
or alter one's tune, turn over a new leaf. 

Clianger, v. a. Mar. to change, alter, shift, 
turn, etc. Changer un hunier, etc. to shift a 
top-sail, etc. Clianger d'amures, to put about. 
Changer Varrimage, to alter the stowage, 
rummage the hold. Changer une voile, (commit 
la grande voile d'un cutter, etc.) to gybe. 
Clianger les voiles, to shift the sails. Clianger 
I'artifiion, to change the mizen. Changer la 
cargaison, to shift the cargo. Clumger le 
quart, to set the watch. Changer un vaisseau 
de place, to shift a ship. Notre /regale m chart' 
ger de mouillage, our fi-igate is going to shift 
her birth. Ae bAiimeni cliass^ a cluing^ d« 
route, the chase has altered her course. La 
mar^e cliangera bieniot, the tide will soon turn. 
Les courans ont chang4 de direction, the setting 
of the currents is changed. Change le toume- 
vire, shift the messenger. Change der^ant, 
haul all, let go and haul. Change derriere, 
main-sail haul, main-top sail haul. Cliangi 
la barre, shift the helm. Se changer, v. r. to 
change, turn or be turned 

Changeur, sh^-s^ur, s. m. banker, 

Chanlatte, sh^-lit, s. f. lath. 

Ch ANoiNE, shi-nwin, s. m. canon, preben- 

Ohanoinesse, shi-nwi-n?s, s. f. canoness. 

CHANOiNiE,shi-nwi-nl, s. f. canonship. 

Chanson, sh^«-son, s. f. song, idle story, 
stuff. Chanter or dire toujours la m^me clmn- 
son, still to harp upon the same string. Tout 
ce que vous me dites sord des chansons, you tell 
me tales of a tub. Chansons que tout cela, 
nonsense, that is all stuff. 

Chansonner, sh^-s6-n^, v. a. to sing 
songs against, lampoon. 

Chansonnette, sh^«-s5-n?t, s. f. little 
song, lay. 

Chansonnier, sh^-s3-nJI,s. m. songster, 

Chant, sh^, s.m. singing; tune. Canto; 
song. Le chant du co^, cock-crowing. Le. 
plain-chant, church musick. 

Chantant, e, sh^-t^, t^nt, adj. singing; 
easily set to musick, fit to be set to musick. 

Chante, e, adj. sung. Cest Men chanti, 
that is well sung or wellsaid. 

CHANTEAU,sh^-t6, s. m. cantle or slice of 
bread, quarter-piece or piece of cloth, 

Chantepleure, sh^wt-pliur, s. f. water- 
ing pot ; also sort of funnel ; and gully-hole 
(under a vail.) 

Chanter, sh^-ti, v. n. <fe a. to sing ; to 
crow; to say; to sing, celebrate, praise. Paitt 
h chanter, wafer. Chanter la palinodie, to re- 
cant, unsay what one has said. Je lui ai Men 
clutnt^ sa game, I have rattled him to some 
tune Faire chanter qudqu'un, to bring one 



bkr, hU, base : th^re, 6bb, ovh : field, Hg : r6he, rOb, I6rd : miu^d, g&od. 

to reasonable terms; also to make one squeak 
or confess. Chanter injures , chanter gogueltes, 
or clumler pouiltes h qiielqu'un, to raif at or 
rattle one, revile or vilify. Chanter la inime 
chanson, to harp upon the same string. 

Chanterelle, sh^nt-r^l, s. f. treble strmg 
of a violin ; also decoy-bird. 

Chanteu-r, se, shr^n-t^ur,t^uz, s. m. & f. 

Chantier, sh6n-t?il, s. m. place where 
lumber, wood or timber is piled ; carpenter's 
yard ; stand, frame, or hoi-se {on which casks 
are placed.) 

Chantier, s. m. Mar. stocks, etc. timber- 
vard ; ship builder's yard. Chantier de canot 
©r de chaloujie, chocks for a boat. Etre en 
tlmntier, to be on the stocks or building. 
Mettre nn hfitiment. sur k chantier, to lay a ship 
down on the stocks. 

Chantourne, sh^n-t5or-n&, s. m. head- 
piece (of a bed.) 

Chantre, sWntr, s. m. chanter, singing 
man, chief singer, (in a church) chorister. 

Chantrerie, sh^w-tr^-rJ, s. f. dianter's 
place or dignity. 

Chan V RE, sh^wvr, s. m. hemp. 

Chanvrier, s. m. hemp-dresser. 

Chaos, k^-A, s. m. chaos. 

Chape, shan, s. f. churchman's cope; (of 
an akmbick) helm or head; {of a btKkle) 
tong-ue. Cover. Disjniter la cliape de l'^- 
v^que, to contend for things of no concern. 
Chape-chute. Ex. Trourer chape-chvte, to find 
what one was not looking for. Chercher 
chape-chute, to try to take advantage of the 
negligence or misfortunes of one. 

Chapeah, shi-p6, s. m. hat; garland; 
{chapeau rou2;e,) cardinalship, cardinal's cap, 
cardinal's dignity. Coup de chapeau, cap or 
pulling off one's hat. Chapeau, Mar. pri- 

Chapelain, shilp-lin, s. m. chaplain. 

Chapeler, ship-la, v. a. to chip, rasp 

CHAPELET,shSp-l§,s. m. chaplet, garland, 
beads, string of beads ; {in architecture) 
chaplet, fillet ; siirrup leather ; chain-pump ; 
pimples in the forehead. 

Chapelier, e, ship-M, ll^r, s. m. &. f. 

Chapelle, sha-pSl, s. f. chapel ; also liv- 
ing or benefice. Chapelle ardente, place 
where a dead person lies in state. Faire cha- 
pelle, Mar. to build a chapel, broach to. Cha- 
pelle, the plate of a chapel. 

Chapellenie, s. f. chaplain-ship. 

CHAPEHRF,,shSp-lir, s. f. chippings {of a 
crust of bread.) 

Chaperon, «h^p-ron, s. m. hood; holster 
cap; {of a crutch) top; {of a wall) coping, 
top ; piece of embroidery on the back of a 
churchman's cope ; a duenna. 

Chaperonner, shSi>-r&-nS., v. a. to cap. 
Chaperonner toiseau, to hoodwink the hawk. 
Chaperonner um muraille, to cope a wall. 

Chapiek, sh^-pla,s. m. churchman with a 
cope, cope-bearer. 

CHAPiTEAU,sha-p?-t6,s. m. chaptrel, cap- 
ital or top of a pillar ; also particular funnel 
tocover a still. 

Chapitre, shi-pltr, s. m. chapter, sub- 
matter ; {of canons) chapter ; chapter- 

wet, n 

CHAPiTRER,shl-pi-tr(l, v. a. to reprimand, 
read a lecture, check, rebuke or reprove. 

Chapon , sha-poM, s. m. capon ; also brewis. 

Chaponneau, shl,-p8-n6, s. m. young ca- 

Chaponner, shi-pfl-nS, v. a. to capon. 

CHAPONNiiRE,sha-pd-ni^r,s. f. stew-pan, 
(for capons.) 

Chaque, shak, adj. every, each. {R ia 
of both genders, and has no plural.) 

Char, shir, s. m. car, chariot. 

CHARAN90N, shi-r^w-son, s. m. weevil. 

Charbon, shar-boM, s. m. coal ; charcoal ; 
coal, sea-coal, pit-coal ; smut {in grain ;) car- 
buncle, plague, sore. 

Charbonne, e, shSr-b3-na, adj. blackened 
with coal. Bles charbonn^s, smutted grain. 

Chakbonnee, s. f. short rib of beef ; beef 
or pork steak broiled. 

Charbonner, v. a. to daub; blacken 
with coal. 

Charbonnier, shir-bft-ttii, s. m. collier, 
coal-man ; also a coal-hole. B&timent char- 
bonnier, collier. 

Charbonniere, shar-b5-n!^r, s. f. coal-wo- 
man, colliery, coal-pit, place where charcoal 
is made, coal-house. 

Charbouiller, v. a. to blast, mildew. 

Charcuter, sh?ir-Aft-t&, v. a. to hack, 

Charcuterie, s. f. pork seller. 

Charcutier, E,shir-M-tia,ti^r, s. m. & 
f. one that sells all manner of hog's flesh, with 
puddings, sausages, and hog's tonnes. 

Chardon, shar-don, s. m. thistle ; teasil. 

Chardonner, shar-d6-n^, v. a. to uap 

Chardonneret, shir-d5n-r§, s. m. gold- 

Chardonette, s. f. kind of wild artichoke 
{the flower serves to airdle milk.) 

Chardonniere, s. f. plot of thistles. 

Charge, sh^rz, s. f. burden, load ; charge, 
expense charge of a gun; place, office, em- 
ployment, dignity ; kmd of poultice {for a 
horse.) charge, commission, command, or- 
der ; keeping, care ; charge, attack ; charge, 
accusation, uidictment; exaggerated repre- 
sentation or caricature. Benefice a charge 
d'umes, benefice with cure of souls. Femme 
de charge, house-keeper. A charge dhivtant, 
in expectation of the like. A la charge de, 
a la charge que, upon condition that. Eire a 
charge a qnelqu'un, to be a burden to one. On 
ne trouve rien a sn charge, nothing is found to 
criminate him or to lay to his charge. 

Charge, s. f. Mar. cargo, lading. Morte 
charge, overlading ; utmost burden that a ship 
can carry. Charge en grappe, grape shot. 
Charge mitraille, case or canister shot. Charge' 
de canon, shot ; also quantity of powder used 
in loading a gun. Cliarge de salut, quantity 
of powder used for loading a gun for a sa 
I lute. Charge de combat, quantitv of powder 
necessary for loading a gun for acti^on. Prendre 
charge d'un batimenl, to take charge of a ship. 

Charge, e, shJr-2?i, adj. laden, loaded, cfc. 
Conleur chargee, deep colour. Temps charg^, 
overcast weather. Homme charg^ de aiisine, 
fat, thick-headed man. Charg^ d'annees, fiill 
of years. C/iar^^ rfe fe, full of lees. Chargi 
de dettes, deep in debt, fine terre chargh 
de dettes, an estate clogged with many deBu 




buse, b&t : j^iine, m^iile, b^iirre ; infant, cSnt, Hera ; vin ; mon : bniu. 

Table clmrg^e, table crowded with guests. 
Portrait cliarge, caricature. Cheval chargi 
de tite or (taicolure, heavy-headed horse. 
Sramhe chargJe d'un botiton a Jleur, branch 
with a flower bud. 77 est cliargi de quatre 
■petiis enfam, he has four little children to keep. 
Vaissean cliarge pmir Amsterdam, ship bound 
for Amsterdam. Charge k cmder bos, very 
deeply laden. Chargi en cote, hemmed in on a 
lee shore. Charge j>ar un grain, caught in a 
squall. Horizon charge, cloudy horizon. 

CHARGiEANT,E, shar-~iH, ^^nt, adj. clog- 
ging, heavy, hard of digestion; burdensome., 
troublesome, tedious. 

Chargement, shiiTz-mhi, s. m. cargo, 
sading. Etre en chargement, to be loading or 
taking in a cargo. Prendre un cliargement, 
to take in a cargo. 

Chargeoir, s. m. charger for great runs. 

Charger, shar-ri, v. a. to charge; load, 
lade, burden, lay a burden upon ; to charge, 
over-lo;id, clog; to charge, attack, fall upon ; 
beat or maul ; to load (a gun ;) to charge, ac- 
cuse ; to charge, command ; to trust with, give 
in charge ; to fill ; to caricature. Charger un 
registre (i? quelque chose, to enter a thing in a 
register. Cliaiger quelqit'un d'injurcs,Xo rail 
at one, revile or vilify one. Charger quelqu'un 
de maUdictions, to curse one, lay curses upon 

CJiarger, v. a. Mar. to load, etc. Charger 
toutes les voiles. V. Cliarrier de la voile. Cfiar- 
ger un bdtiment (i cueiliette, to load a ship 
with the property of several owners. Char- 
ger a fret, to take in freight. Charger en 
grenier, to load in bulk. Charger la pompe, 
to fetch the pump. Se charger d'lme chose, 
V. r. to take charge of a thing, to take a thing 
upon one's self. Se cliarger, (of trees) to bear. 
L'horizcn se charge, Mar. the horizon is get- 
ting cloudy. 

Chargeur, sh?lr-i5ur, s. m. loader, one 
that loads the cannon, wood-meter, also owner 
of a vessel's cargo. 

Chariot, slii-rlfl, s. m. cart with four 
wheels, wagon. Chariot (or char,) chariot. 

Charitable, sh?i-rl-tibl, adj. charitable, 
merciful, bountiful. 

Charitablement, shi-rl-libl-mSn, adv. 
charitably, lovingly. 

Charm K, sha-rl-t\, s. f. charity, love; 
alms. Im charite, alms-house. 

Charivari, shi-rJ-vi-rf, s. m. noise or 
mock miisick of kettles, frying-pans, etc. by 
night at the doorof widows that marry again ; 
rout, dreadful noise, clatter. 

Charlatan, shi^r-lS-l^n, s. m. quack, 
mountebank; coaxing cheat, wheedler. 

Charlatane, sh3ir-l^-tiln, s. f. cunning gipsy. 

Charlai aner, shAr-li-t?L-n5., v. a. to ca- 
jole, wheedle, gull. 

Char LA ta nerie, .shir-l^-tXn-rl, s. f. quack- 
ing, quack's tricks, wheedle, cheating, fair 

Charla-jtanisme, s. m. quackery. 

Charmawt,^r-in^n, ni^t, adj. charm- 
iHg^ bewilcljinff, pleasant, delighlful. 

CuARMBi, shirm. s. m. cliarm, spell, en- 
chantment, lallurement, attraction, yoke-elm. 

Charmer, slmr-mi, v. a. to charm, enchant, 
bewitch; tocharm,ploase or delight; appease, 
allay. /,« fT» clm-me les chagrins, wine dis- 
sipates ciu-c. 

ChaRiMEU-r, SE,s. m. &c f. charmer, en- 
chanter, conjurer, enchantress, bewitching 

Charmille, sh5.r-m?Z, s. f. hedge of yoke- 

Charmoie, shar-mwi, s. f. spot planted 
with yoke-elm-trees. 

Charnage, s. m. flesh-lime (not Lent.) 

Charnel, le, shS.r-n3l, adj. carnal, sen- 
Charnellement, shir-n?l-m6w, adv. car- 
nally, sensually. 

Charseu-x, se, shir-n^u, n^uz, adj. fleshy, 

CHARNiER,shir-n!i,s. m. charnel-house; 
also larder. Cliamier, Mar. scuttle butt. 

Cliamikre, shir-nl^r, s. f. hinge. 

Ch a r n u , e , shir-nfl, nii , adj . fleshy, plump, 
brawny. Cerises chamues, large plump cher 

Charnure, sh^r-nAr, s. f human flesh. 

Charogne, shil-r6gn. s. f carrion, carcass. 

Charpen'te, shS.r-p^7rt, s. f. timber work, 
carpenter's work. V. Bois. 

Charpenter, shir-ptn-ta, v, a. to cut and 
shape timber, hack and hew, mangle, butcher. 

CHARPENTERiE,shir-pwt-H, s. f Carpen- 
try, carpenter's trade or work. 

CHARPENTiER,sh^r-p6«-t?^, s. m. carpen- 
ter. Cliarpentier de navire, ship-wright. 

Charpie, shir-pl, s. f. lint (for a wound.) 
Viande en charpie, meat boiled to rags. 

Charr^e, shk-ri, s. f. buck ashes. 

Charretee, shir-ti\, s. f cart-load. 

Charretifr, shir-tii, s, m. carman, cart- 
er ; also ploughman. II jure comme un char 
retier, he swears like a pirate. II n'est si 
ban chan-etier qui ne verse, it is a good horse 
that never stumbles. 

Charrette, shi-rSt, s. f. cart (with two 
wheels only.) Mangeur de charrettes ferries, 
bully, brao^gadocio, swaggerer, hector, hec- 
toring blade, huff". Ce batiment est la cJiarrette 
du conroi. Mar. that vessel is the dullest 
sailer of the convoy. 

Charriage, s. m. carriage. 

Charrier, shi-rli,v. a. to cart, or convey 
in a cart ; to carry, carry along. 

Charrier, v. n. (of a river) to bear large 
pieces of ice. Charrier droit, to behave pro 
perly. Charrier de la voile. Mar. to stretch, 
carry all the sails the masts can bear. 

Charrier, s. m. bucking-cloth. 

Charroi, shi-rwi, s. m. carriage. 

Charron, sha-ron, s. m. wheelwright. 

Charronage, shi-rd-nSz, s. m. wheel- 
wright's work. 

Charroyer, v. a. to carry in a cart. 

Charrue^ shi-ni, s. f. plough. Tirer la 
charrue, to toil hard for a livelihood. Mettra 
la charrue devant les bosufs, to put the cart 
before the horse. 

Charte, V. Chartre. 

Charte-partie,s. f. Mar. charter-party, 

Charti, V. Chartil. 

Chartier, V. Charretier. 

Chartil, shir-tl, s. m. great long cart; 
afeo pent-house for carts in a yard. 

*Charton, s. m. carman. 

Chartre, shirtr, s. f. charter; prison, 
jail; consumption. 

Chartreuse, shir-tW!uz^ S; f. Carthusian 
nun; charter-house, Carthusian monastery. 




hki; b^t, b^se : th^re, ^bb, ovir : field fig > r6be, r5b, Ifird : m6od, gSod. 

Chartreux, s. m. Carthusian fi iar. 
Chartrier, sh^r-tri-a, s. m. place where 
charters are kept, keeper of charters (in an 
Chartulaire, s. m. collection of charters. 
Chas, silk, s. m. eve of a needle. 
Chaseret, s. m. little sash frame to make 

Chasse, sh^s, s. f. hunting-, chasing, shoot- 
ing, coursing ; game, venison ; huntsmen, 
jporLsmen ; chase, expulsion or pursuit ; (at ten- 
nis) chase ; (aux oiseaax) fowling ; (huitres de 
chasse) oysters brought by land carriage. 

Cliasse, s. f. Mar. chace or chase. Poivta- 
en cliasse, to point before the beam. Prendre 
chasse, to bear away, stand away, sheer off. 
SmUeinr chasse or la chasse, to maintain a run- 
nin|;' fight. £tre en chasse, to be in chcise. 

CHA6SE,shks,coirer, (in which relicks are 
kept) shrine ; (of spectacles) frame ; cheeks ; 

Chasse, e, adj. chased, hunted, etc. Le 
b&timenl chassi, Mar. the chase, the vessel 
Chasse-avant,s. m. foreman or overseer. 
Chasse-chien, or Chasse-coquik,s. m. 
beadle. Chasse-coquin, stifffoil. 
Chasse-cousin, s. m. bad wine. 
Chasse-ennui, s. m. what drives away 
Chasselas, s. m. sort of grape. 
CHASsE-MAREE,s.m. rippier, one that car- 
ries fish from the sea-coast inland ; Mar. sort 
of decked boat employed for the conveyajice 
offish and in the coasting-trade. 
Chasse-moRte, s. f. random-shot. 
Chasse-mulet, s. m. mule-driver; cdso 
miller's man. 
Chasse-partie, s. f. charter-party. 
Chasser, sh^-si, V. a. to chase, hunt; pur- 
sue ; to drive before one ; to put or turn or 
drive out. Chasser, v. n. to be hunting, etc. 
(in printing) to drive. Chasser, v. n. Mar. to 
chase, give chase, etc. Chasser la terre, to go 
ahead andlookoutfortheland. Cliassons cette 
^oelette soils le vent, let us chase that schooner to 
leeward. Cliasser sur tin baliment au Tnouillage, 
to drive on board of a ship at anchor. Chas- 
ser au vent, to chase or be chasing to wind- 
ward. Chasser sicr son ancre, to bring the 
anchor home, to drive, to drag the anchor. V. 

Chasseresse, shis-rSs, s. f. huntress. 
Chasseur, (shS,-s§ur,) s. m. hunter, sports- 
man; (rf'oweajM;,) fowler, bird-catcher. Chas- 
seur, Mar. chaser, ship in chase, vessel that 
chases another. 

Chasseuse, sh^-sAuz, s. f. huntress. 
Chassis, shl.-sl, s. f. blearedness, rheum 
of the eyes. 

Chassieo-x, se, shi-si^u, si^uz, adj. whose 
eyes run, blear-eyed. 

Chassis, shi-si, s. m. frame or sash of a 
window; frame; strainer (of a painting;) 
(in printing) chase. Fenitre h chassis, sash 
Chassoir, sh?i-swir, s. m. cooper's driver. 
Chassoire, s. f. wand (used by those who 
train up goshawks.) 

Chaste, shist, adj. chaste, honest, pure, 
continent; exact, correct, neat, pure (style.) 

Chastement, shlst-m^, adv. chastely, 
oonestly, purely. 

CHASTExi, sh^s-ti-ta, s. f chastity, honesty 
continency, purity. 

Chasuble, shi-zfibl, s. f. chasuble (kind 
of cope which the priest wears at mass.) 

CHAst;BLiER, shi-zfi-bM, s. m. maker of 
chasubles and other ecclesiastical ornaments. 
Chat, shi, s. m. cat. Clwt, Mar. cat, (sort 
of vessel peculiar to the north east coast of 
England.) A ban chat ton rat, they are well 
matched. Jeter lechal auxjanibes de qmlqu'un, 
to lay or cast the blame upon one. Acheter or 
vendre le chat en poche ; to buy or sell a pig in 
a poke. Laisser alter le clmt au fromage, to 
grant the last favour to a gallant. Emporter 
le clwt de la maiscm, to go away without taking 
leave of any one. Cliats or Cluilons, cat-tails, 
catkins. Chat-huant, s. m. screech-owl. 

Chataigneraie, shi-t^gn-r^, s. f. plot of 

Chataigne or Chateigne, shi-tSgn,8. f. 
Chataignier, s. m. chestnut-tree. 
Chatain, sha-tiw, adj. m. of a chestnut- 
Chatain, s. m. chestnut colour. 
Chateau, sha-t6, s. m. castle; also seait, 
mansion. Faire des chMeaux en JEspagne, to 
build castles in the air. 

Chateau, s. m. Mar. V. Gaillard, 
CHATELAiN,shi.t-li7i,s. m. lord of a manor, 
castellain, governor of a castle. 

Chdtelain, adj. m. Ex. Juge chMelain, judge 
of a castleward or chatellany. 
Chatele, e, adj. (in blazonry) castled. 
Chatelet, shat-1^, s. m. prison (at Paris.) 
CHATELLENiE,shi.-tgl-ni, s. f. ctiatellanv ; 
also extent of the jurisdiction of the lord of tie 
Chat-huant, sh^-fl-^n, V. Cliat. 
Chati£, adj. chastised, punished^ cor- 
rected. Style cliati^, correct style. 

CHATiER,slik-tJa, V. a. to chastise, punish, 
correct. Chatier itne piece de prose, or de vers, 
to mend or correct a composition. 
ChatiIre, shk-t?(^r,s. f. cat-hole (in a door.) 
Chatiment, shk-t?-men, s. m. chastise- 
ment, punishment, correction. Prendre cli&ti- 
ment des rebelles, to punish rebels. 

Chaton, shS.-ton, s. m. beazle or collet (of 
a ring;) catkin or cat-tail ; kitten. V. Chats at 
Chatonner, V. Cliaiter. 
Chatouillement, shl-t6o/-m^n, s. m. a 
tickling ; pleasure, delight. 

Chatouiller, slii-tfio-^a, v. a. to tickle ; 
plccise. Se chatouiller, to tickle one's self, 
please one's own fancy. Se chatouiller pour 
se faire rire, to provoke one's self to laugh- 

Chatouilleu-x, se, .shi-t3o-/iu, 16uz. 
adj. ticklish; cdso touchy, exceptious; and 
slippery or delicate. 

Chatre, adj. &, s. m. gelt or gelded man, 
eunuch. V. Castrat. 

Chatrer, shi-tri, v. a, to geld, castrate; 
to spay; to take the honey (frc>m hives;) to 
castrate, cut something from (a book,) to take 
sticks (from a faggot,) to lop or prune ; also 
to bore holes in ; to cut or take off those shoots 
which spring at the bottom (of a vine.) Ch&- 
trer une gargousse, Msx. to reduce (as the 
piece grows warm) the quan ity of powder 
in a carlridg*. 




bdise, bfil : j^iine, m^ute, bSurre : hnikm, c^wt, lien ; vin : won : bru». 

Chatreur, slii-trSur, s. m. gelder. 
Chatte, s. f. she-cat, puss. 
Chattee, sh^-l4, s. f. litter of a she-cat ; 
also sort of lighter at Rochefort. 

Chattemite, sh^t-mh, s. m. dissembler, 
lij-pocrite, one that assumes a demure or sim- 
pering face. 

Chatter, sh^-lS,, or Chatonner, v. n. to 

Chaud, e, sh6, sh6d, adj. liot, warm ; ea- 
ger, violent, fierce. Hot, nasty, passionate, 
soon angry ; hot spurred, lustful, lecherous ; 
proud ; ready to take horse, etc. V. Clialeur, 
violent fever. Tomber dejikvre en chaud mal, 
to fall out of the frying pan into the fire. 

Chaud, s. m. hot, heat. II fait chaud, it is 
hot. Br&ler de cluutd, to be burning hot. Le 
chaud s'abat, the heat abates. 
Chaud, adv. hot, warm. 
Chaude, s. f the beating of metal as soon 
as it is taken out of the fire. BcUtre la cfiaude, 
to beat ingots (while hot) into thin plates. A 
la chaude, adv. hotly, quickly, in haste, hastily 
Chaudeau, sh6-d6, s. m. caudle. 
Chaude-ch ASSE, s. f. pursuit of a prisoner 
Chaudement, sh6d-mSw, adv. warmly, 
holly, eagerly, briskly, fiercely, quickly, m 
haste, hastily. 
Chaude-pisse, s. f. gonorrhoea. 
Chaudier, v. n. (parlarti rf« lices) to be 

ChaodiIre, sh6-di^r, s. f. copper, great 

Chaodeon, sh6-dro»j, s. m. kettle, small 
CHAUDRONNiE, s. f kettle-full. 
Chaudronnerie, sh6-drfl«-rl, s. f. bra- 
zier's or tinker's work or ware. 

Chaudronnier, e, sh6-dr3-nli, ni^r, 
8. m. &- f brazier. Cliaudronnier de cam- 
Tpasne, tinker. 

Chauffage, shA-f^i, s. m. fuel for a year. 
Chauffage, Mar. breaming (of a vessel.) 
Chauffe, s. f. furnace. 
Chauffe-cire, s. m. chafewax, (an officer 
in chancery.) 
Chauffe-lit, V. Bassinoire. 
Cha0ffe-pied, s. m. foot stove. 
Chauffer, shi-fiV, v. a. to heat, warm. 
Chauffer, v. a. Mar. to bream, etc. Chauffer 
un bdtijnent, to bream a ship; also to annoy a 
«hip by a brisk well directed fire. Chauffer 
des bcrdages, to bend planks or make pliant by 
heating them. 

Chauffer, v. n. to grow warm, to be warm- 
ing. Ce nest pas pour vous que lefour chaujfe, 
there is nothin"- for you. Se chauffer, v. r. to 
warm one's self. Se chauffer au soleil, to bask in 
the sun. Je sais de quel b'ois il se chauffe, I know 
his kidney, I know what he docs or can do. 
Chaufferette, sh6f-r8t, s. f foot-stove. 
Chaufferie, s. f forge to make bar-iron. 
Chauffeur, s. m. warmer of a forge. 
Chauffoir, shA-fw^r, s. m. warming- 
place; warm cloth. 
•Chauffour, shA-fftor, s. m. lime-kiln. 
CHAUFFJURNiER,sh6-f6or-niLs. m. lime- 

Chaulage, s. m. the act of liming seed 

Chauler, sh6-Ii, V. a. to lime (speaking 
of grain m which some lime is mixed before it 
IS sowed.) 


Cha'tmage, s. m. time in which stubble is cut. 
Chaume, sh6m, s. m. stubble, thatch. 
Chaumer, sh6-ma, v. a. & n. to cut stub- 

CHAUMiiRE, sh6-mr^r, or Chaumine, 
s. f. thatched house, cottage. 

Chaussant, e, sh6-s^7j, s^nt, adj. of stock- 
ings) easy to be put on, that comes on easily ; 
also complying, easy. 

Chausse, sh6s,s. f stocking, hose ; stroio- 
ing-bag ; hood. Chausses or hard de chaussea, 
breeches. Tirer ses chausses. to scamper 
away, to take to one's heels. Chausses, situa- 
tion ol" page. 
Chausse, e, adj. shod. 
Chaussee, sh6-sa, s. f. causey, bank, hi^- 
way. A rez de chaussee, even with the ground. 
Chausse-pied, s. m. horu or leather (to 
assist injiuiting on shoes.) 

Chausser, sh6-s§i, v. a. to put on shoes or 
stockings ; to make shoos for one ; to fit the 
leg or loot ; to put dung lo the root of (a tree.) 
Cnausser le cothume, to write tragedies, act a 
part in a tragedy. Se chausser, v. r. to put 
on one's shoes or stockings. Se cluiusser une 
chose dans la tile, to boat a thing into one's 
head. Se cluiusser au meme poiiU, to be of 
the same stamp with another. 
Chaussetier, sh6s-ti&, s. m. hosier. 
Chausse-trape, s. f. caltrop. 
Chaussette, sh6-set, s. f. under stocking, 
stirrup stocking. 

Chausson, sh6-son, s. m. sock. (Cham- 
sons) pumps. 

Chaussure, sh6-sur, s. f. shoes and stock- 
ings ; also slippers, boots, socks, &c. any tiling 
that covers the log and foot. Trouier cluius- 
sure a son pied, to meet with one's match or 
be well fitted. 
Chauve, sh6v, adj. bald, bald-pated. 
Chauve-souris, s. f bat. 
Chauvet.^, sh6v-ta, s. f. baldness. 
Chauvir, sh6-vir, v. n. only used in this 
phrase : Cluxuvir des oreilles, to prick up the 
Chaux, sh6, s. f. lime. 
Chavirer, v. a. Mar. to overset. 
Chebec, s. m. Mar. Xebeck. 
Chef, sh<5f,s. m. head ; chief, general, com- 
mander, leader, captain ; also leading ship of 
a Heet or division when drawn up in a line of 
battle ; commodore ; (of cloth) fag end; (in 
composition) head, article. CheJ de justice, 
lord chief justice. Chef d'accusation, charge. 
Crime de Use-majesti au premier or au second 
chef, high treason. Chef d'oeuvre, master- 
piece. Chcfdefamille, house keeper. Gou 
i«7ieMr «t c/ie/", govemour in chief or principal 
governour. Fief en chrf, fee held in capite. 
ll possede cetle terre du chef de safemme, he 
eiijovs that estate in right of his wife. Faire 
quelque chose de son cl-^f, to do a tiling of one's 
own head. 

Chef. s. m. Mar. Chef de piece, captain of 
a gun. Cltef d'ouvrage, auarlcr man. CM 
(degamelle or de /aZi/e) caterer (of an officer's 
mess. ) 
Chefecier,V. Chdvecier. 
Chef-lieu, sh?r-lJ^u, s. m. chief manor 
house,^lord's chief house. 
Chegros, s. m. shoe-maker's thread. 
Cheik, s. m. chief of a tribe among the 




bir,bSt, lhf're,<^bb,dvir : f«eJj,r?g: rAbe.rfib, I6rd: m6od,gftod. 

CHinuoiNE, s. f. colaudine. 

Chkmjj, s. m shilling. 

CHiLONiTE, s f. thelonites, (stone some- 
times found in the belly of a young swal- 

ChSmer, shS-m^, Ex. Se chlmer, v. r. to 
waste, fall away, grow lean. 

CHr.MiN,sli^-mvrt, s. m. way, road ; way, ] 
means, course. G/-a«rfc/(e»i?n,"hi^h-way. Le I 
themin qv^ on fail en nnjoiir, day's journey. A- 
vancer chemin,\o go on or forward on one's 
way or journey. Cheniin conrert,coverl\vay 
or corridor. Kehrmisser cheniin, to go back. 
Se metfre en cliemin, to set out on a journey, 
begin a journey. Covper chemin a qiielque 
chose, to prevent or stop a thing. Alter soil 
grand chmnin, to go openly to work. 

Chemin, s. m. Mar. way, head-way, etc. 
Chemin de Pavartt, headway. Chemin que fait 
par Carriire un bdtiment qui cule, steniway. 
Chemin fait en longitude, longitude made. Le 
chemin sera considerable demain, si le vent se 
soutienf, we shall make a good ran by to-mor- 
row if the wind holds, taire du cliemin, to go 
fast through the water. 

Cheminee, shl-m?-na, s. f. chimney. Ma- 
riage fait sotis la cheminie, a match made in 

Cheminer, shl-m!-n^, v. n. to go or walk. 

Chemise, shi-mlz, s. f. shirt, shift, smock; 
(of a fortification) lining with stone. Envelope 
of papers. Etre en chemise, to be in cueqio. 
Mettre en chemise, to ruin, undo, be the ruin of 
one, beggar. Cliemise de maille. V. Cplte de 

Chemise, s. f. Mar. V. Serrer. 

Chkmisettk, she-mi-zet, s. f under waist- 

CriENAiE, she-n^, s. f grove of oaks. 

Chknal, she-nal,s. m.Mar. narrow chan- 
ael ; mill-stream ; gutter (of a house roof) 

Chenaler, v. n. Mar. to sail through a 
channel. " 

Chenapan, shl-n5 -pJ'rt, s. m. vagabond, 
good for nothing fellow, bandit. 

Ch In e, sh6u , s. m. oak. Chene-vert, s. m. 
holm, evergreen oak. V. Bois. 

ChSneau, sh^-nA, s. m. young oak; also 
pipe to convey rain water from the gutter to 
the spout. 

Chenet, she-n§, s. m. dog, andiron. 

CHENEViiRE, sh?n-v?^r, s. f. hempfield. 

Chenevis, s. m. hemp-seed. 

Chenevotte, sh^n-v6t, s. f. bullen, hcmp- 
•lalk peeled. 

Chenevotter, sh?n-vS-tfi, v. n. to peel 
l»mp-stalks ; also to shoot branches as v\'eak 
a> hemp-stalks, (said of vines.) 

Chenil, shin?, s. m. dog-kennel. 

Chenille, shi-nl/, s. f. caterpillar. 

Chenu, E, she-niS, adj. grey -headed, lioarj'. 

Cheoir, V. Choir. 

Cher. K, sh(*r, sh^r, adj. dear, beloved ; 
costly ; dear, that sells dear. 

Cher, adv. dear. 

Cherche, s.f search, searching or fee for 
aearching a register. 

Chercher, shSr-shil, v. a. to seek, look for, 
eearrh, be in quest of. Aller chercher, to 
fetch, ^o for. Venir chercher, to come for. 
Kneoyer chercher, to send for. Chercher a 
faiie, to endeavour to do. Cherche)- Vescadre 
lie, to be looking out for the enemy's fleet. 

I^s Tuirigateifrs out en raiti cherche le jxissagi 
du nord, navigators ha\e in vain sought a 
north-west passage. Cherchei- ses propres intd- 
rSts, or je rherciwr Sixi-meme, to mind uUe's own 
interest, have one's own uiierest in view. 
Chercher des echapjHj'ri. es, io use shilts, seek 
for a hole to creep out at. Chercher de* de- 
tours, to go about the bush. 

Chercheur, shSr-sh^ur, s. m. one that 
seeks or looks for, searcher. Cfiercheurde 
franches lipj)ees, spunger, one that lives upou 
the catch. 

Chere, shir, s. f cheer, entertainment; 
treat, reception, welcome. 

Chere, fem. of c/ier. V. Cher. 

Cherement, sh(^r-m?», adv. dear, dearly, 

Cheri, e, adj. cherished, dear, loved, be- 

Cherir, sha-rir, v. a. to cherish, love. 

Cherissable, adj. worthy of being che- 

CHERSoNisE, s. f. Chersoncse, penia- 
sula. • 

Cherte, shir-ta, s. f. dearness, high price. 
Cherte ties i-inres, dearth, scarcity, want of pro- 

Cherubin, sha-rfl-biw, s. m. chenibim. 
Rmige comme un cherubin, as red as a cherub. 

Chervis, s. m. skirret \a plant.) 

Cheti-f, ve, shii-tif, tiv, adj. poor, pitiful, 
mean, vile, sneaking. 

Chetivement, sh^-tlv-m&i, adv. poorly, 
pitifully, meanly. 

Chkval, shi-val, s. m. horse. CheieU de 
batailk, charger. Petit cheval, til, nag. Clie- 
i\il hongre, gelding. Aller h cheral, to ride, 
ride on horse-back. Etre ii citevrd, to be on 
horseback, ride upon a horse. Etre a cheval 
sur une poiUre, to sit a-slraddle upon a beam. 
Voyager a cheral, to n avel on horse-back. 
Monler sur ses grands cheruux, fly in a passion, 
rant. Etre mal a cheral, to be at an ill pass. 
Parler a cheval, to speak magisterially ; ecrire 
une lettre a cheial, to write a haughty letter. 
Un gros cheval, un cfieval de bdt, un cheral de 
carrosse, a great booby, a clown. Un petit cite- 
red echapjw', a wild 30uth, an unlucky boy. 
Cheral-marin, sea-horse. Che\-al aiU, winged 
horse. Cheial de bois, wooden horse. Chevaux, 
horse, cavalry'. Cheran-tegers, light-horse. 

Chevalek, v. a. to prop or bear up; also 
to ride up and down, walk or run about. 

Chevalerie, .shl-val-ri, s. f. chivalry, 

Chevaleresque, adj. chivalrous. 

CHEVALET,she-vi-l<^,s. m. wooden hors&, 
insti-ument of torture made like a horse ; (of 
a riolin) bridge ; {of a painter) easel ; (in 
printing) gallows ; (de scieiir de hois) sawing- 
trestle or wood horse; (of a tanner) wooden 
leg ; prop, buttress. 

Chevalier, shl-v^-M,s. m. knight ; kind 
of w ater-fowl of the bigness of a stock-dove. 
Chevalier (Thonneur de la reiiie or de nuidame, 
first gentleman usher to the queen or the 
queen's sister-in-law. Cheivlier du guet, cap- 
lain of a watch on horseback. Chevalier de 
I'arquehise, one that is admitted into the com- 
pany or society of arquebusiers. Chei\ilier de 
la coupe, tav»;rn-knight, stout toper. Chevalier 
dHndustrie, sharper, one that lives i^y his 





bAse, blit : j^une, m§ule, b^uire : ^7(fii7Jt, c?wt, Vi^n : v[n : mon : brwi. 

C/i«rd/i(5re,s.f. knight's lady. 

Chkv A LIN E, sh^-vl.-lin, acg. Ex. Bete che- 
valine, horse or mare. 

*CHEVAVCE,she-v^ns,s. f. goods and chat- 
tels, substance of a private ina.n. 

Chevacch:£e, she-v6-sha, s. f. judges' 

•Chkvaucher, shl-v6-sha, v. n. to ride. 
Chevauclier court, to ride with short stir- 

*Chevauchons, (a,) ash-v4-sho«, adv. 

CHEVAU-r.EGER, sh3-v6-l^-ji, s. m. light- 
norse, life guard-man. Cliemu-legers, lighl- 

Chevaux, shl-v6, plural of Cheml. 

ChIveceuie, s. f. the otfice of a vestry- 

Chevecier, s. m. first dignity in some 
collegiate churches. 

Chevelu, e, sh^v-ia, lii, adj. hairy, long 
haired. Plunte cliewlue, fibrous plant ; co- 
mkte chevdm, fiery tailed comet 

Chevelu, s. m. fibres, strings or threads 
[of plants and roots of trees.) 

Chevelure, shiv-lur, s. f. hair, head of 
hair; (q/'/j/a/iis) fibres, strings, threads ; (of a 
xmet) beams. 

Chevet, shi-v?, s. m. bolster. Epee de 
chetet, trusty friend. 

Che v Stre, sh4-v^tr, s. m. halter ; bandage. 

Chev eu, idil-vJu. s. m. hair. Se peigiitr tes 
elieveiix, to comb one's hair or head. Faire 
Us clieveux, to cut tlie hair. Se faire faire les 
chtveux, to get one's hair cut. J^s cheveux 
blancs, a hoary head. Tirer par les chei'etix 
una interpretation, tin jyassace, urn comparai- 
son, to force in or wrest an interpretation, a 
passage, a comparison ; to bring them in by 
nead and shoulders. // ne tint qu'a un che- 
veu, it was wiiliiu a hair's breadtii or within 
the turn of a die. Prendre l' occasion aux che- 
txux, to take occasion by the fore-lock. * Clie- 
veux des piantes. V. Clierelii, s. m. 

Cheville. sh^-vl/, s. f. peg or pin ; word 
put in verse merely for measure or rhyme ; 
ancle bone ; {of a sta^r) antler. Trouver a 
chaque trott mte cheville, to find a cure foi 
every sore. Etre en clieville, to be in tlie 
middle (at ombre.) 

Cheville, s. f. Mar. bolt, iron-bolt, trennel, 
etc. Cheville de haulxtn or de cliaines de hau- 
bans, chain-bolt ; cherilU a boncle, ring bolt ; 
cheville a f che, rag bolt; clmnlle ctaveU'e snr 
voile, clinch bolt ; clieville a tete ronde or h bou- 
ton, fender bolt ; chemlle h goujon, comnmri 
bolt; cheeille a aditet, eye-bolt; cheville b, 
goupille, fore-lock bolt ; clieviUe A tete de dia- 
mant, stjuare headed-bolt ; clieville a croc, hook 
X)lt ; clieville h boucle et a croc, bolt with a 
ring and a hook ; cheville h poiiUe perdue, 
short drive bolt; cheville de pompe, pump bolt. 

CHEviLLi, E, adj. peffged, pinned , bear- 
ng antlers; (of verse) abounding in useless 
words. Avoir I'dine clievillee dans le corps, to 
jave nine lives. 

Cheviller, sh8-v1-^, v. a. to pin, peg, 
asten with a peg. Clieinller un vaisseau. 
Mar. to bolt a ship. 

Chevillette, s. f. book-binder's peg. 

Chevilleur, s. m. Mar. mooter, trennel, 

CuKViLhom, s. m. turner's peg. 

Chevillot, s. m. belaying pin. 

Chevillure, shi-vi-/ur, s. f. antlers. 

*Chevir, v. n. to master, overrule, re- 
claim, manage. 

Chevre, sh^vr, s. f. goat, she-"wat. (Ma- 
chhie) crab. Chevre sauvage, wild goat, an- 
telope, gazelle. Enter en pied de chevre, to 
graft slope-wise. 
I Chevrt, s. f. Mar. gin or triangle with pul- 
lies. Prendre la chevre, to fly into a passion, 
be in a pet. 

ChEvreau, shl-vrA, s. m. kid. 

Chevre-feuillc, s. ni. honey-suckle. 

CHivKE-PiED, adj. m. goat-foited. 

Chevrette, sh^-vr§i, s. f. roe; shrimp; 
syrup pot ; little dog or andiron. 

Chevreuil, sli^-vr^u/, s. m. roe-buck. 

Chevrier, shI-vri-A, s. m. goat herd. 

Chevrillard, she-vrJ-^ar, s. m. fawn o( 
a roe. 

Chevron, shl-vro«, s. m. rfifter or joist ; 
{in heraldry) chevron. 

Chevron, s. m. Mar. scantli -^ 'from 5 to 6 
inches in thickness downwards.) 

Chevronne, E, adj. wlio has a chevron 
in his coat of anns. 

Chevroter, shl-vr6-f?l, v. n. to kid ; to 
go along skipping like a kid. Chevroter, to 
iiet, lose patience ; to sing with starts and 
shakes. Sa voix chevrote, his or her voice 
trembles or shakes. 

Chevrotix, shl-vr5-lin, s. m. kid or kid- 
i leather, cheveril. 

Chevroti^, shi-vrft-tin, s. f. shot for 

Chez, shJ. prep, at or to the house or 
apartment of; among, amongst, with. Dt 
chez, from the house or apartment of, from 
among, etc. Chez nioi, to or at my house. 
De cliez lui, from his house. Chez les Ro- 
niains, among or with the Romans. Avoir ten 
chez soi, to have a house of one's own. 

Chiaoux, s. m. usher, (sort of Turkish 

Chiasse, sh!-is, scum of metals; (offliet 
or worms) excrement. Chiasse de mouches, 
fly -dung. 

Chicane, sli?-k^n,s. f. chicanery, chicane, 
quirk, cavil, trick, shift or fetch at'law. 

Chicaner, shf-ki-n^, v. a. to chicane, 
perplex or split a cause, cavil, use quirks or 
shifts. Chicaner \m ecrit, to pick flaws in a 
writing. Tai un rhume rjui me chicane depiiia 
six semaines, I have been troubled these six 
weeks with a cold. 

Chicaner le vent, Mar. to hug the wind too 
close. Sam chicaner U vent, don't hanker 
her in the wind. 

Chicanekie, sh?-k^n-rl, V. Chicane. 

Chicaneur, shi-k4-n?ur, s. m. chicaner, 
splitter of causes, caviller or quarrelsom* 
knave at law, pettifogger, litigious man. 

Chicaneuse, sh5-ka-u^uz, s. f. litigious or 
troublesome woman. 

Chicanier, e, sh?-ki-n?i, nl^r, s. nu 
& f. wrangler, chicaner. Also used adjec* 

Chiche, sh?sh, adj. too sparing or too sav- 
ing, niggardly, penurious, stingy, close-fisted. 
Pots cfiic/fes, "chick-pease, i/n ckiclie, 
a niggardly fellow. 

Chichement, sh?sh-D??n, adv sparingly 
savin$(Iy, penuriously. 




bar, bit, base : th<^re, ^bb, ovir : field, llf • r6be, rftb, l6r<J : m6od, g5od. 

Chichete, s. f. niggardliness, penurious- 
ness, covetousnebs. 

Chicon, s. m. coss-lettuce. 
CnicoRAciE, adj. cicoraceous. 

Ci ' - - 


CHiCOR£E, shi 


s. f. succory, en- 

CHicoT,sh?-kft,s. m. stump; splinter. 

*Chicotek, sh?-kfi-ti, v. n. to wrangle, 
trifle, dispute about nothing. 

Chicotin, shi-kd-ti/t, s. m. orpine. 

Chien, shien, s. m. dog ; {,ofa gun) cock. 
Chien courant, hound, beagle. Chien basset 
or de terre, terrier. Faire k chien couchant, 
to creep an(> crouch, cringe. Eiitre chien et 
loup, in the dusk of the evening, at twilight. 
Chien-Tnarin or de tner, sea-dog. Chien ce- 
leste, dog-star. 

CHiENnENT,s. m. dog-grass. 

Chienne, shi^n, s. f. bitch. 

Chienner, sh5S-na, v. n. fo whelp, pup. 

Chier, v. n. to shit. II chie de peur, his 
heart is sunk into his breeches. 

Chieu-r, se, s. m. &- f shitter 

Chiffe, shif, s. f. poor cloth. 

Chiffon, shJ-fon, s. m. rag, pad linen. 
Chiffons, millinery wares, gewgaws. 

Chiffonner, shi-fA-ni, v. a. to rumple, 
tumble, rutfle. 

Chiffonnier, e, s. m. &. f. rag man or 
woman ; also silly impertinent newsmonger ; 
irifler, wxangler. 

Chiffre, sh!fr, s. m. cipher; number, 
arithmetical figure. 

Chiffrkr, shif-fr?ij v. a. fo nui.nber, com- 
pute ; to cipher or write in ciph'ers. 

Chiffreur, sh?-fr^ur, s. m. accountant. 

Chignon, sh}-gno«,s. m. nape of the neck. 

Chiliade, s. l: thousand. 

Chiliarque, s. f. chiliarch, colonel. 

Chiliaste, s. m. chiliast, millenarian or 
fifth monarchy man. 

Chimere, shi-m^r, s. f. chimera. Idle 

CniM^RiquE^ shJ-ma-rik, adj. chimerical, 
fantastical, imagmary. 

Chimeriql'ement, adv. chimerically. 

Chimiz, sii?-mi, s. f chymistry. 

Chimique, adj. chymical. 

Chimiste, sh1-m5st, s. m. chymist. 

Chincilla, s. f. a sort of animal of Peru 
not bigger than a squirrel and whose skin is 
held in great estimation. 

Chine, shin, La Chine, s. f. China. 

"Chinfreneau, s. m. great cut or slash 
or blow in the face. 

Chinois, e, sh]-nwi, nwiz, adj. Chinese. 

*Chinquer, v. n. to tipple, fuddle. 

Chiourme, sh5-5orm, s. f whole crew of 
slaves in a galley. 

*Chipoter, slJ-p6-tS,, v. n. to piddle, trifle 
or whiffle. 

Chipotier, e, sh]-p5-til, tiir, s. m. & f. 
trifler, whiffler. 

Chique, s. f a sort of flesh-worm. 

CHiQUENAUDE,shik-n6d,s. f fillip. Don- 
tier une cliquencaide h qudqu'un, to fillip 

Chiqci T, s\A-kh, s. m. bit, small part. 
Payer chipiet h. chiqnet, to pay in driblets. 

Chiraore, A:?-rclgr,s.m. mjm who has the 
gout in his hand. 

Chirographaire, A^!-r5-gr^-(^r, s. m. 
writing under the disposer's own hand. 

Chirologie, s. f. the art of expressinf 
thoughts with tlie fingers. 

Chiromancie, *i-r6-m^-sl, s. f. chirt- 
mancy, palmistry. 

Chiromancien, ne, kl-r?>-mhn-sien, s?la, 
s. m. & f. chiromancer or palmist. 

Chirurgical, e, shi-r?ir-sJ-k§il, adj. chi 

Chirurgie, shi-rfir-zl, s. m. surgery, chi- 

(/Hirorgien, shl-rflr-ii^n, s. m. surgeon 
or chirurgeon. Chv-urgien viajor d'lmbdti' 
merit de guerre, surgeon of a man of wzu-. 
Second chirurgien, surgeon's first mate. 

Chirurgique, adj. chirurgical. 

Chiste, s. m. cyst or cystis. 

Chitome, s. f. chief or head of relisior 

among negroes. 
Chiure, shi-ir, 

s. f. dung {o^ flies ) 

military cloaji 

Chlamyde, s. f patrician 
Chloris, s. m. a sort of chaflinch". 

Chlorose, s. f. chlorosis, green-sick 

Choc, sh6k, s. m. shock ; dashing, striking 
or clashing of one body against another; 
brunt, onset, encounter, engagement; blow, 

Choc, s. m. Mar. surge (by suddenly slackmg 
a tight rope.) Le choc de deux vaisseaiix, the 
running loul of two ships. 

*Cho'cailler, v. n. to tipple, fuddle. 

*Chocaillon. s. m. fuddiing-gossip. 

Chocolat, sli6-k6-!?i, s. m. chocolate. 

Chocolatier, s. m. chocolate-maker or 
seller; also one that keeps a chocolat^ 

Chocolatiere, sh3-kS-l?i-t!6r, s. f. chocolate- 
pot; also a woman tliat keeps a chocolate- 
i nouse. 

I CHOE^;R,ke^«■, s. m. choir; chorus. En- 
\/a7it de c/icw/r, singing boy. 

*Choir, shwir, v. n. (used only in the in- 
finitive, and part. C7iM) to fall. 

Choisir, shwi-zir, v. a. to choose, make 
choice of, pick out, pitch upon, elect. Quand 
on emjnimte on ne choisU pas, beggars must 
not be choosers. Choisir quelqu'un de Vceil, 
to mark one out. Soldais choisis, picked men. 

Choix, shwi, s. m. choice, election, act of 
choosing; option. Faire choix des mots quand 
on f^crit, to pick out the choicest words. 

Choi.agogue, adj. (terme de mcdecine) 
Qui fait couler la bile, cholagogue. 

CHOLiDOLOGiE, s. f. cholcdology, treatise 
on bile. 

Ch6mabi,e, sh6-mibl, adj. resting, tha 
ought to be kept holy. Fete or jour chomaJble 

Ch6mage, sh6-m^j, s. m. time a labourei 
is idle for want of work. 

Chomer, sh6-mS,, v. n. to rest or cease 
from work ; keep or celebrate a holy-day 
Chomer de besogne, to want work, stand still 
for want of work. 

Chondrille, s. f. sort of cicoraceous 

Chondrologie, s. f. chondrology, trea- 
tise on cartilages. 

Chopine, shft-p?n, s. f half a pint. French 
or English pint. Boire chopii^ le matin, to 
drink one's morning draugnt. Mar. lower 
pump box. 

Chopiner, shft-pi-ni. V. n. to tipple 




buse, bfit : j^dne, m^ute, beurre : ha hni, chil, lien ; vin .- moM ; brun. 

Choppkr, shS-pa, v. n. to dash or strike 
one's foot (against a thing in walking,) stum- 
ble, trip ; also to mistake. 

Choquant, e, sli3-kan, ka^it, adj. odious, 
hateful, offensive, unpleasant, disagreeable. 

Choquer, sh6-k^, V. a. to strike, dash, 
run or beat against; to offend, abase, give 
ofieiice ; displease ; to be contrary', to be 
against. Choqtmr Coreille, to grate or off(>nd 
the ear. CJioquer la vue, to offend the eyes. 
Clioi/iier k ban seiis, to clash with reason. 

Clwniier, v. a. & n. Mar. to surge, check. 
Se choqiwr, v. r. to strike, run or beat against 
one another; to clash or disagree, be co»i- 
trary ; to engajje or encounter , to take 
offence, pet, suiitV, or exce-.iion at to ab.tse 
one another, rail at »np .uioiher. 

CHOKEortAPHiE. ?.. t. riioif jfraply, art of 
noting the steps and ;lgu' • s .ua 'iHnee. 
CuoREvfetii'E, s ji r rill K-ihop 
Chorion, s. m. < .lonon. 
Choriste, k5-risi. s. -n rh-jn-fr 
Chorographie, 'k.t-vh gra-fl, s. f choro- 

Chorograpuique. k5-rd gra fik, adj. 

Choroide, s. f. choroides. 
Chorus, k6-rfls, s. m. chorus. Faire or 
chanter chorus, to sing in chorus. 

Chose, shiz. s. f. thing. * Monsieur chose, 
master tliin^mbob. 

Chou, sTiSo, s. m. cabbage, cole-wort. 
Chon crepii, curled garden colo-woil. Chou- 
fleiir, cauliflower. Jeimes clwux, sprouts. 
Chou de Savoie or de Milan, Savoy. U en 
fail ses clioiix ffi'os, he gels well hy it, he 
feathers his nest with it. Pour revenir a nos 
choiix, to return to the purpose. Je n'en don- 
nerois pas nn iroguon de choii, 1 wottld not 
give a pin for it. Aller i^anter des choux, to 
retire to one's country seat. 

Choucas, sh6o-ka,s. m. tame jack-daw. 
Chouette, sii6o-^t, s. f. owl, little owl. 
Chouquet, s. m. Mar. cap (of the mast- 
head.) ChmiqrH en/er or defer, iron-cap. 
Chover, shwii->Ti, V. a. to make much of, 
take care of, manage tenderly, fondle. 
Cif reme, krein, s. ni. chrism. 
Chremeau, s. m. chrism-clotb. 
Chretien, ne, krC-tJtw, ti<*n, adj. & s. m. 
& f. christian. 

Chretiennement, kr?-t!?n-m<^n, adv. 
christiaiJy, christian like, like a christian. 
CHR£TiENTE,kr6-tJe?<-ta.s.f. Christendom. 
Chrismation, s. f. chrismation. 
Christ, s. m. Christ. 
Christiaxiser, V, a. to christianize, 
make christian. 

Christianisme, kr?s-t]a-n?sm,s.m. Chris- 
tianity, christian doctrine or profession. 

Chromatique, adj. 6l s. f. cliromatick ; 
pleasant and delightful musick. 

> HRONiQUE, krA-nik, adj. chronick, of a 
lon^ duration, inveterate. 

Chroni^ue, s. f. chronicle or history. 
Chronique scandaleuse, scandalous reports. 

CHRONiquEUR, s. m. chrouicler, writer of 

^^HRONOGRAMME, s. m. chronogram (an 
inscriij-ion whose letters give the date of any 
action. > 
Chi ONOLOGIE, kr6-u6-lS-jl, s. f. chrono- 

Chronologi^ue, kr6-n6-l6-sik, adj. chro^ 


NOLOGUE, s. m. chronologist, chronologer. 
Chronometre, s. m. chronometer. 
ChrysalidE; kri-za-lid, s. f. chrj-stilis, au 

Chrvsocolle, s. f. chrysocol or borax 
goldsmith's solder. 

Chrysolite, s. f. chrysolite, a yellow pre 
cious stone tinged with green. 
Chuysopek, s. m. art of making gold. 
Ch r ysopr ase, s. f. green precious stone 
Chu, e, adj. fallen, tumbled down. 
Ohuchoter, shfl-sh6-t^, or Chucheter 
V. n. to whisper in one's car. 
CHi^icHOTERiE,shii-shftt-rl,s.f. whispering 
Chuchoteu-r or Chucheteu-r, se 
shi-shft-t8ur, liuz, s. m. whisperer. 
Chut, shfit, interj. hush, peace there. 
Chute, shflt, s. f. fall, tumble ; misfortune ; 
the cadence of a period; (of a sonnet) end; 
[of an ejngram) point, sting. La chute des 
fetdUcs, the fall of the leaf, autumn. Mar 
chute d'une voile, depth or drop of a sail. Les 
perroq'iets de ce bdtinienl ortt beaucoiip de cliute, 
that ship's top-gallant sails are very deep. 
Clude des conrans, setting of tides or currents. 
Chyle, .shil, s. m. chyle. 
Chylifere, adj. chyliferous. 
Chylification, s. f. chylification. 
Ci, si, (abbreviation of in) here. Cet 
homme-ci, this man. Ces femmes-ci, these 
women. V. celui-ci, etc. at, celui. Ci-dessus, 
above, aforesaid. Ci-dessous, under, under- 
neath. Ci-devant, before, heretofore. Ci- 
apres, afterwards, hereafter. Entre ci et la 
Saint-Michel, bet\v;ecn this and Michaehnas. 
CiBoiRE, s?-bwar, s. m. p^x. 
CiBOULF. sI-b8ol, s. f. scallion. 
Ciboulktte, s!-b5o-l§t, s. f. chives. 
Cicatrice, sl-ki-tris, s. f. cicatrice, scar. 
CiCATRis^, E,adj. cicatrised, full of scars. 
Hahii tout cicatristi. ragged suit, tattered ccat. 
CicATRisER, E,?J-k^-tr1-za, V. a. tocicati ise. 
Cicatriser, v. n. to skin over, turn to a scar. 
Se cicatriser, v. r. to heal up to a scar, to con- 

Cic^RO, sT-s?-ri, s. m. (in printing) pica. 
Cicero approche or a petit ceil, small pica. 

CicEROLE, s?-s^-r6l, s. f. sort of chick- 

CicLAMEN, s. m. sow bread (an herb.) 
CicoGNE, V. Cigogne. 
CicuTAiRE or CiGUE aqtioHque, s. f. ci 
cuta, a sort of water-hemlock. 
CiDRE, sidr, s. m. cider. 
CiEL, slel, s. m. Cieujc, plur. heaven or 
heavens; paradise. (Dieu, providence) hea. 
ven, God ; air. sky. Country', climate ; ca- 
nopy ; the tester or top (of a bed ; 1 cope of 
heaven. Owrir les cieujc a quelqn'un, to re- 
joice one to the heart, fill one with joy. Re- 
niuer del et terre, leave no stone unturned. 
Arc-en del, rain-bow. ^CTln tite plural, cielf 
must be used instead of c'leux, in ciels de lit, test- 
ers ; Ciels eTitn tabkmi, skies in a picture. 

CiERGE,s?^rz, s. m. wax-taper, wax-can* 

CiERGiER,s??r-rfa, s. m. wax-chandler. 
CiEUX, sJ^u.y. Ciel. 
CiGALE, s?-gAl, s. m. kind of grasshoppei 
or flying insect, the Cicada of the ancients. 




bir, bat, base : th^re, *bb, ovir: field, fig: r6be, rSb, I6rd : m<iod, gdod. 

CiONE, V. CyiPK. 

ClGOGNE, si-g&gn, s. f. stork. CoTiie de 
la cigogne, tale of a tub, old woman's siory. 

CiGOGNEAU, s. m. j'oung Stork. 

CiGUE, si-gu, s. f. hemlock. 

CiL, s?l, s. m. eye-lash. 

Cilice, s?-lis, s. m. hair-cloth. 

CiLLEMENT,si/-in&«,s. ED. winkiiig of the 

Ciller, sWa, v. a. to wink, twinkle. 
Ciller les yeiix, to twinkle with the eyes. Cil- 
ler, V. n. to grow grey, {speaking of horses' 

CiME, sim, s. f. top, ridge or height, sum- 
mit. La cintf. du bonlieur, the height or pin- 
nacle of happiness. 

CiMENTj sl-m^, s. m. cement, mortar; 
eement, umon, tie. 

CiMENTER, slm^n tit, V. a. to cement. 

CiMENTiER, s. m. oemenl-maker. 

CiMKTERRE, sTm-t^r, s. m. cimeter. 

CiMETiERE, s5m-ti^r, s. m. cemetery. 

CiMiER, si-mia, s. m. crest, (in heraldry ;) 
buttock of beef. Cimier de cerf, haunch of 

CiNABRE, s. m. cinnabar, red lead. 

CiNERATiOK, s. f. cineratiou, reduction of 
any thing by fire to ashes. 

CiNGLAGE, si«-glS2, s. m. Mar. space a 
ship can sail in twenty-four hours. 

CiNGLER, sin-^la, v. n. 3Iar. to sail with a 
fair wind. Cingler, v. a. to lash or switch. 
II fait nn i^it qui cirtgk le visage, there is a 
wmd that cuts one's face. 

CiNNAMOME,si-n^-mom, s. m. V. Canelle. 

Cinq, sink, adj. & s. m. fire. Un cinq de 
thiffre. a figure of five. Un cinq de carte, 
five at cartls. Un cinq aux des, a five or 
cinque at dice. 

CiNQUANTAiNE, sin-ki/i-t^n, s. f. fifty, 
about fifty, the number of fiAy. 

CiNQUANTE, siri-k^m, adj. fifty. 

CiNQUANTENiER, sin-kti«t-nla, s. m. cap- 
tain or commander of fifty men. 

CiNQUANTiEME, siw-tin-il^m, adj. fiftieth. 
Un cinquaniieme, s. m. a fiftieth, the fiftieth 

CiNQUiZME, sin-k!^m, adj. fifth. Uncin- 
quihue, s. m. a fifth, a fifth part. La cinqui- 
hne, s. f. the fifth form (in a college.) 

CiNQUiEMEMENT, siw-ki^m-m&J, adv. 

fifthly, in the fifth place. 

CiNTRAGE, s. m. Mar. V. Ceiravre,MAr. 

CiNTRE,sintr,s.m. arch, mould for an arch. 

CiNTRi, E, adj. arched, made arch-wise. 

CiNTRER, sin-tni, v. a. to arch. Mar. to 

frap, (by encircling with a cal>le or cables.) 

J^re cintri par ses aniatres, to be girt with 

one's cables. 

CioN, si-o«, V. Scion. 

CiouTAT, s. m. sort of grapes. 

Ci RAGE, sl-raz,s.m. waxing (of any thing.) 

CiRCONCiRE, sir-ko7t-slr, v. a. to circum- 

CiRCOKCis, adj. circumcised. 

CiRCONcis, 9. m. circumcised man. 

CiRCONcisEUR, s. m. circumciser. 

CiRCONClsioN, sIr-ko»-ci-zif>n, s. f. cir- 

Cjrconference, s1r-kon-f?-r^ns, s. f. cir- 
cumft rence, compass. 

Ci icoNFLEXX, s!r-ko«-fl?ks, adj. & s. m. 

CiRcoNLOcuTioN, sir-kon-)d-kfi-sion. s. f. 
circumlocution, periphrasis. 

CiRcoNscRiPTioN, slr-koMs-kiip-sIoTi, s. t 

CiRCONscRiRE, slr-kons-krlf, v. a. (like 
Scrire at a-ire,) to circumscribe, enclose 
within a line ; to limit, bound. 

CiRCONscRiT, E, adj. circumscribed, etc. 

CiRcoNSPECT, E, sir-ko?w-p^kt, adj. cir- 
cumspect, wary, wise, considerate, discreet, 

CiRCONSPECTlON, s?r-ko78S-p^k-s?on, s. f. 
circumspection, wariness, consideration, pru- 
dence, discretion. Avec circompection , warily, 
circumspectly, prudently, discreetly, with 

CiRcoNSTANCE, sir-kons-t^s, s. f. ciraim- 
stance. Circonstances et dependances, appur- 

ClRCONSTANCIER,slr-kp7?S-t^7l-sia,V. a. to 

circumstantiate, describe with circumstajic* s, 
tell the circumstances of. 

ClRC0NVALLAT10N,slr-k07l-vSl-l^-Sl0», S 

f. circumvatlation. 

CiRcoNVENiR,slr-kowv-n?r,v. a.likerewM, 
to circumvent, cozen, deceive, over-reach. 

CiRcoKVENTiON, s?r-kon-v«^w-sfw2, s. £ 
circumvention, deceit, fraud, cozenage. 

CiRcoNVENU, X, adj. circumvented, coz- 
ened, deceived. 

CiRCONvoisiN, E, sir-kow-vwR-ziw, z?n, 
adj. neighbouring, near ; adjoining, adjacent, 
bordering upon. 

CiRcoNvoLUTiON, s. f. circumvolution. 

Circuit, s?r-/ffi?, s. m. compass, circuit, 
circumference. Lan^ circuit de paroles, beat- 
ing of or about the bush, great preamble. 

CiRCULAiRE, s?r-^-l<^r, adj. circular, 
roun^. iMtres circvlaires, circular letters ; 
writs or summons {for the calling of a Parlia 
ment in England.) 

CiRCULAiREMENT, s!r-W-lir-m^, adv. 

Circulation, sir li-Hl-s?o«, s. f. circula- 

CiRCULATGiRE, adj. circulatory. 

CiRCULER, sIr-itu-lS, V. n. to circulate, 
move round. 

CiRE, sir, s. f. wax ; seal. Cire d'Espagne, 
sealing-wax. Un honime de cire, a waxen 
man, a man susceptible of any impression. 
La cire des oreilles, ear-wax. 

Cire, e, adj. waxed. Toile cir4e, cere 
cloth, oil clclh. ToUe dree pour couvrir u» 
chapeau, oiJ-case for a hat. 

CiRER, V. a. to wax. 

CiRiER,s!-r?a, s. m. wax-chandler. 

CiROENE, s. m. plaster for a bruise, sear- 

CiRON, s!-ron, s. m. flesh-worm, little blis- 
ter {made by the worm.) 

Ci RQUE, sirk, s. m. circus, place for games 
and publick exercises. 

CiRSOCELE, s. m. cirsocele. 

CiRURE, si-nlir, s. f. waxing or overlaying 
with wax. 

CiSAILLER, sl-zi-^, v. 3. tO CHt OT clip 

{cotmterfeit tmoney.) 

CisAiLLEs, sl-zA/, s. f. pi. shears; als» 
shearings, clippings 

CisEAU, sl-z6, s. m. chisel, graver. Le ci- 
seau de la parque, the scissors of fate. Ci- 
seiMtx OS una poire at ciseeaue, scissors et 





buse, bflt : j^une, mSute, beiirre : Mknl, c&nl, lihi . 

vin; man 


pair of scissors. Gros ciseaux,sheafs. Mar. | 
Ciseau du caifal doubU or canneU, calknr's 

CisKLK, E, adj. cha-sed, raised, carved. 
Vaisselle ciiielee,chase.d plate. Veloun- cisde, 
fk)\vered or uncut velvet. 

CisELER,slz-la, V. a. to chase, raise, carve. 

CisELET, siz-l§, s. m. graver. 

CiSELEUR, s. m. chaser. 

CiSELURE, siz-lur, s. f. chasing, raisin"^, 
carving; also chased work, carved work, 
chisel work, sculpture. 

CisoiKES, V. Cviailks. 

CissoiDE, s. i'. cissoid, curve-line. 

CisTE, s. m. cistus, rock-rose. 

CisTRE, sJstr, s. m. cithern (sort of liarj).) 

€iTADELLK, s?-t^HlSl, s. f. citadel. 

CiTADiN, E, si-ti-diw, din, s. m. & f. citi- 

Citation', si-t?i-s7ow, s. f. citation. 

CiT£,si-ta, s. f. city, town. 

CiTER, si-la, v. a. to cite, summon to ap- 
pear; to cite, quole, alledge. Cite r soil an- 
teur, \a name one's author. 

CiTERiKUR, E,s?-ia-ri^ur, rleur, adj. cite- 
riour, hither, hithermost. Im Calabre cite- 
rif?/re, Calabria citerioror the hither Calabria. 

CiTERNE, si-l?rn, s. f. cistern. 

CiTERNEAU, s. m. little cistern. 

CiTOYE.v, NE, si-twi-yin, y^n, s. m. tfc. f . a 
citizen, inhabitant or person free of a city. 

CiTRiN, E, si-lrin, irin, adj. citrine, of a 

Citron, si-tron, s. m. citron, lemon; le- 

CiTRONNAT, sl-tr3-n5. s. m. candied le- 
mon-peel. ^ 

CiTRONNE, E, s?-tr5-na, adj. that has the 
taste or flavour of a lemon. 

CiTRONNELLE,s?-ird-iiol, s. f. balm-niiut. 

CiTRONNiER, si-ir5-uia, s. m. lemon-tree, 

CiTROuii.LE, s!-tr5o/, s. f. great gourd, 
citiTil or pumpion. 

CivADE, si-v^d, s. f. kind of beard fish. 

CiVADiERE,sl-vi-diir, s. f. sprit-sail. 

CivE, siv, s. f. chives (species of small 

Civet, si-v^, s. m. sauce and ragout made 
of a hare or rabbit. 

CiVETTE, si-v^t, s. f. a civet-cat, civet, 
(Herb) chives. 

CiviERK, si-vii'T, s. f. hand-barrow. 

Civil, si-vil, adj. civil, pertaining to the 
citizeiisorcity or stale; not criminal. Civil, 
courteous, k'nd. aJfable, well-bred. Ju2:e ci- 
w7. judge in civil causes. Uiu: requite civile, 
a bill ol review. 

CiviLEMEKT,si-v?l-m?«, adv. civilly, cour- 
teously, kindly ; in a civil cause. 

Civilisation, s. f. civilization. 

CiviLisER, si-vi-11-zi, V. a. to civilize, 
make civil, soft in, or polish maimers. Civi- 
liser wie affaire, to turn a criminal into a civil 

Ci viLiTf , sl-vMI-ta. s. f. civility, courtesy, 
good breeding. Faire civilit^ a quel'/u'un, 
to receive or entertain one civilly. Receroir 
quelqu'un avec bemwup de r.irilH4, to receive 
one very handsomely or civilly, shew him a 
fe-reat deal of respect. Civililes, compliments, i 
■"iojectsi, cominendations. I 

CiVHiLK, si-v5k, adj. civick. Couronm\ 

cirique, civic crown, garland given to him 
who saved a citizen's life. 

Ci visME, s. m. civism, love of one's coun 

Clabaud, kl^-bA, s. m. liar, hound that 
opens false ; booby, clown. Cliapeau quifait 
le clabaud, hat that flaps down. 

Clabaudage, kli-b6-diLi, s. m. barking 
or baying of dogs.^ 

Clabauuer, kla-b6-da,v. a. to open, bark 
or bay ; to clamour or brawl, make a great 
deal of noise to no purpose. 

Clabal'derie, kla-bid-rl, s. f. ilamour, 

Clabal'deu-r, se, s. m, & f. clamourer, 

CLAiE,kIi, s. f. hurdle. Trainer un «•» 
minel sur la ciaie, to draw a malefactor upon a 

Clair, e, kl^r, klir, adj. clear; bri"-ht, 
hnninous ; liehtsbme ; polished ; serene, (air, 
without clouds ; manifest, evident ; discerning ; 
thin ; pure ; shrill, loud; transparent. Rmige 
c/air, light red. Clair brun, light brown. 
Cluirs deniers, argent clair, clear or pure 
money. Lail clair, whey. I)es riires claires, 
clean windows. Horizmi clair, clear horizon. 

Clair, s. m. shine, light. II commence it 
faire cluir, it begins to be day-light. Clair 
de liine, mooii-shiiie. Nuit oh il fait clair da 
lune, moon-shiny night. Les clairs d'un ta- 
bleau, etc. the lights of a picture, etc. 

Clair, adv. clear or clearly, plain or plainly. 
Voir clair, to see clear, be clear sighted, be 
sharp, have a sharp wit. II voit clair dans 
celle affaire, he understands this aflair tho- 
rnughl^', he .sees into the very bottom of it. 
Entendre clair, lo be quick of apprehension. 
Purler clair, to speak with a clear or shrill 
voice : to s^^eak loud or distinctly ; speak plain 
or liecly. 

Ci.airement, kl^r-m<l»t, adv. clearly, 
plainly, distinctly ; manifestly. 

Clair ET, te, kl5-r?, n^t, adj. claix.. Vin 
clairet, claret. Eau clairette, sort of cherry- 

Clairette, s. f. nun of St. Claire. 

Claire-voie, kl§r-vwa, s. f. thin sowing 
Semer a claire-voif. to sow thin. 

Clairiere, klS-ri^r,s. f. gladeinawood. 

Clairon, kl^-ro7i, s. m. clarion. 

Cl Ai R-SEM E, E, adj. thin-sown, thin, scarce. 

CLAiRVOYANCE,kl^r-vwa-y^KS,s.f. quick- 
ness of understandliig, penetration, sharpnea 
or acuteiiess of wit. 

Clairvoyant, e, kl?r-vw^-yin, y^wt, adj. 
clear-sighted, sharp, acute. 

Clam EUR, kl5i-mf^ur, s. f. clamour, outciy; 
(de liaro) citation before the judge. 

Clamp, or rather clan, s. m. sheave-hole. 

Clan, s. m. clan, tribe. 

Claniiestin, e, kl^j-d(?s-ti«, tin, adj, 
clandestine, secret, private. 

Cla n uesti k emknt , kl^n-d^s-tin-mSrt,; 
adv. clandestinely,^ privately. 

Clanuestinite, klin-d&-ti-nJ-ti, s. C 
clandestine or private manner. 

Cla PET, s. m. clapper of a pump-box. 

Clapier, kll-pia, s. m. burrow (for rab- 
bits,) lame rabbit ; also rabbit liuich. 

CLAPiR,kla-pir,v. n. lo squeak likearal^ 
bit. Se clapir, v. r. to squat, lie squat. 

Claque, klak- s m, slapper, snapper 




bar, hat, hk&e : th^re, ^-bb, ov^r : fie J, f?g : r6be, rftb, I8rd : m<Sod, gdod. 

Claque, s. f. slap, blow. Des claques, clogs. 

*Claqueuent, klak-d^n, s. m. beggar, 
paltry, pitiful wretch ; a/so a brawler, boaster. 

Ci.AquEMEST, klak-ini^w, s. m. clapping; 
chattering; smacking, snapping (of a whip.) 

Claquemurer, klilk-m&-r^, v. a to put 
in a stonenloublet (prison.) 

Claquer, kl^-/fa, v. a. to flap or slap or 
snap. Jl claqne des dents, les dents Lui claqnent, 
his teelli ciialier. Faire bien daqner sonfouel, 
to make a noise or bustle in the world. 

Claquet, kla-i-g, s. m. clack of a mill, 

CLAQUETEn, V. n. to clack. 

Clarification, kl^-rl-fl-ka-s?o7i, s.f. cla- 
rifying or making clear; clarification. 

Clarifier, kla-il-fi-a, v. a. to clarify or 
make clear. ;Se ciarijier, v. r. to clarity or 
grow clear. 

Clarine, s. f. bell (on the neck of cattle.) 

Clarinette, kl^-rf-net, s. f clarionet. 

Clarte, klir-t&, s. f. light, bijgbtness, 
splendour; clearness, perspicuity, plainness. 

Classe, klis. s. f. class, rank, order; (of j 
a college) form. Diirant vies class's, when I 
was a school-boy. Classes, pi. Mar. divisions 
of seamen (in the French service.) 

Classer, v. a. to class. 

ClaSSIv^ue, kl^-sik, adj. classick, classical, 
approved (speaking of an author.) 

Clatir, v. u. to bark with redoubled vio- 

Claude, s. & adj. fool, silly. 

Claudication, s. f. claudication, limping. 

Clause, khSz, s. f. clause, proviso, couJi- 
lion, article. 

Claustral, e, klfts-trJil, adj. claustral, 
monastic, monastical. 

Claveau, kl^-v6, s. m. scab, rot; hanse 
(of a door, etc.) 

Clavecin, s. m. harpsichord. 

Claveciniste,s. m. player on the harp 

Clavel^, e, kliv-1^, adj. thai has the rot 
or scab ; scabby.^ 

Clavel:ee, kfiv-1^, s. f. rot, scab. 

Clavette, kia-v^t, s. f pin or peg. 

ClaveUe, s. f. Mar. forelock (of a boll.) 

Clavicule, kli-v!-Aul, s. f. clavicle, col- 

>bone ; also little key. 

Clavier, kli-via, s. m. (of an organ,) 
keys; chain or ring (to keep keys on.) 

Clayon, kl^-yo«, s. m. httle hurdle. 

Clavon.vage, kl^-yfl-nar, s. m. fence 
nade with hurdles. 

Clef, kla, s. f. key-stone ; (of a pistol) 
■panner ; bed-screw ; screw-key ; (of a vice) 
pin; (in musick) key or clef; (of a cross-bow) 
gaffle. Clffikfoniie de cordonvier, wedges 
of a bootmaker's last. Fermer a clef, to lock 
up. Eire enj'emi^. sons la clef, to be under 
lock and key. Prendre la clef des champs, to 
run away. Dormer la clef des champs, to let 
Jeter Us clefs stir la fosse, to renounce 
succession, (said of a widow.) 

Cl^ or clef, s. f Mar. hitch (sort of knot) 
fid, etc. Demi-clef, half-hilch. Deux dani- 
clefs, clove hitch. Clef des mats, fid, 
fid. Fuis entrer la clef, enter the fid. V. En- 
vrer. La rlefest-elle entree 7 is the fid entered 1 
Clefs, filling-pieces. 

Cl^matite, s. f. sort of plant. 

Ci.£mesce. kla-m&is, s. f. clemency. 


1 Clement, e, kl^-m^;(, m^t, adj. clement, 
gracious, merciful. 

Clementines, s.f. pi. constitutions of pop« 
Clement the fifth. 

Clenche, s. f {loqttet) .atch or boh (of a 

Ci.EPSYDRE, kl^p-sidr, s. f. clepsydra, wa- 
! tcr-hour-glass. 

Clerc, kl^r, s. m. clerk, clergyman ; scho 
lar ; clerk, writing-clerk. Clere d'ojice, cierk 
of the kitchen. II n'est pas grand clerc, he is 
no great scholar, he has no great skill. Faire 
un pas at clerc, to make a gross mistake. 

Cl erge, kl§r-i§ , s. m. clergy, ecclesiastics. 

CLiaicAL, E, kl^-ri-kal,adj. clerical, of a 
clerk or clergyman. 

ClericaIement, kla-ri-kil-m^n, adv 
like a clergyman. 

Cliricature, kla-H-ka-tir, s. f. clerk- 
ship, condition of a clergyman. Droit de cl4- 
ricuture, privilege of the'clergy. 

Cleromancie, s. f cleromancy, divina- 
tion by the casting of dice. 

Client, e, klWw, hit, s. m. & f. client. 

Clientele, kli-^-t^l,s. f. the clients of 
or dependents on a nobleman ; also patronage, 

Clifoire, a sort of svringe that children 
make with a switch of efder. 

Clignement, klign-mdrt, s. m. winking 
of the eyes, (said only of the habit.) 

Cligner, kli-gn^", les yeux, v. a. to wink 
or twinkle with the eyes. 

CLiGNOTEMENT,Kli-gndt-m§7»,s.m. wink- 
ing, twinkling. 

Clignoter, kli-gnS-t^, v. n. or Cligno- 
TER des yeiLx, to wink and twinkle often with 
the eyes. 

Climat, kli-ma, s. m. climate,clime, coun- 

"Climat£rique, klt-m&-t^-rlk, adj. cK- 

Clin (rfW,) klin-d^u/, s. m. twinkling, 
(of an e\-e.) Faire un din d'ceil a quetqu'un, 
to ^ive the wink or to tip one the wink. //* 
etoienl obeissavs on maindre din d'ceil. they 
were ready at call or at the least sign. A din 
or a dins. Mar. clincher-work. Batiment 
horde h dm, clincher built vessel. 

Clincaille, s. f. iron-ware, hard-ware ; 
copper coin, base coin. 

Clincailler, or Clincaillier, s. m. 

Clincaillerie, s. f. dealing in hard 

Clin I QUE, adj. clinick, clinical. 

Clinquant, kliw-kin, s. m. tinsel, thii 

lace of gold or silver; tinsel, thing 
tie va" 


showy but of little value, 

Cliquart, s. m. a sort of stone good for 

Clique, kHk, s. f. party, gang. 

Cliquet, V. Claquet. 

Cliquets, s. m. pi. Mar. pauls or pawls; 
cKqnets defer, hanging pauls. 

Cliqueter, kiik-ta, v. n. to clack. 

Cliquetis, klik-tJ, s. m. clashing or clat- 
tering of arms. 

Cliquettes, kll-^ft, s. f. pi. child's clack* 
er. Cliquettes de ladre, a lazai-'s clicket or 

Clisse, kl?s, s. f. little hurdle. 

Clisser, kii-sa, v. a. to cover or proteO 




liuse, bat : jeiiue, m^ute, beurre :'iwt, cent. Win : \i?i : mow ; brun. 

with little hurdles; to encompass (a botUej 
witli wickers. 
Cliveh, v. a. to cleave {diamonds.) 
Ci.oaQue, kl6-ak, s. m. & f. sink, conimon 
sewer, nasty stinking place ; also nasty slink- 
ing fellow ;" vent (q/ birds.) 

Clochk, kldsh, s. f. bell ; stewing-pan ; 
blister. Cloclie de verre, glass-bell. Fondre 
la cloche, to examine the very bottom of an 
affair, lake a linal resolution about an affair. 
Cloche, s. f. Mar. bell. V. Bell. Cloche de 
cabestan, part of a capstan round which the 
messenger, etc. is passed, comprehending the 
drum head. 

Cloche-pied. Ex. Aller h cloche-picd,Xo 
hop, go upon one leg. 
Ci.ucHEMENT, s. m. hopping. 
Olochv.r, kid-sha, v. n. to halt, limp, go 
lame ; (of i^rses) to hobble. Ceile coinparai- 
son cloclie, this is a lame comparison. 

Clocher, kl6-sha, s. m. steeple, belfry. 
II soutirU Jtiscju'au bout l'lum7ieur de son 
clocher, he maintained lo tlie very the 
honour of his church. 

Clochette, klft-shSl, s. f. small bell ; bell- 

Cloison, klwi-zon,s. f partition of boards, 
partition wall. Mar. bulk-head. Cloison en 
traia-s da vaisseau, bulk-head. Cloison de la 
gatte, manger-board. 

Cloison NAGE, klwi-zS-n5«, s. m. parti- 
tion work. 

Cloitre, klwitr, s. m. cloister. 
Cloitrer, kIwi-trS., v. a. to cloister up; 
to shut up in a cloister or monastery ; also to 
mure or immure. 

Cloitri ER, adj. claustral. Un moine cloi- 
trier, a claustral monk. 

Clopin-clopant, kl5-pin-kl3-p^i, adv. 
hobbling along. 
Clopiner, kl6-p1-ni, v. n. lo hobble. 
Cloporte, kld-p6rt, s. f. wood-louse. 
Cloque, s. f. a kind of disease (in peach 

Clorre or Clore, klflr, v. a. lo close, 
shut or shut up, stop ; (environner) to enclose, 
shut in, sunound, encompass, fence ; to close, 
end or make an end of, finish, conclude. 
Clorre un comple, lo make up an account. 
Clorre, v. n. lo close or shut. 
Ci.os, E, adj. closed, close, shut, etc. Ce 
sont leltres closes, that is a secret. 
Clos, kW, s. m. close, enclosure. 
Closeau,s. m. small close. 
Clossement, s. m. clucking (of a hen.) 
Closser, v. n. to cluck (as a lien.) 
Cloture, kl6-tur, s. f. enclosure, fence; 
also making up or closing (of an account, 
etc.) Garder la cloture, to keep in ihe clois- 
ter or to keep one's vow (speaking of a nun.) 
Elle a x-ioU la cloture, she has broken her 
vow, she has quitted her cloister. 

Clou, kl5o, s. m. nail ; a bile ; stud ; clove. 
Je n^en donnerois pas un clou, I would not 
give a pin's head for it. Je lui ai bien rive ses 
clous. I gave him as good as he sent. Clou h 
crochet, lenler-hook. Garni de clous, stud- 

Clou, s. m. IMar. nail. Clou de 8 pouces et 
a7i-dessus, spike. Clous aupoids, wev^hl nails 
or spikes. Clous a plomb, lead nails. Clous 
a nmnsrere, scupper nails. Clous a pompc, 
pump nails. Clous a vis, clincher nails. 

Clous a tete pifjuee, clasu nails or clasp headed 
nails. Clous a tete ronde, rounil heatled nails. 
Clous a tete plate, clout nails, flat headed nails. 
Clous de doublage, shealhing nails. Clous de 
tillac, sealing or lenpenny nails. Clous de 
demi-tillac, sixpenny nails. Clous de ferrure 
de gcuvernail, rudder nails. Clous de double 
tillac, nails like English Iwentypennj' draw- 
ing nails. Clous de lisse, nads resembling 
English two shilling nails. Clous de demi- 
caruvelle, single deck nails. Clous de dcrubU 
cararelle, nails much like English deck nails. 
Cloucoukde, s. f. a sort of herb. 
Cloue, e, adj. nailed. II est cloue k sa 
maison, he keeps close home. Je sitis cloud 
a 7non ouvrage, 1 am constantly at work. 
Clouer, klio-&, v. a. to nail, spike. 
Clousser, V. Closser. 
Clouter, k'fto-ta, v. a. to stud, 
Clouterie, klflot-ri, s. f. nail-trade, nail- 

Cloutier, kldo-lla, s. m. nail-smith, nail- 

Cloutiere, kl5o-li^r, s. m. mould tat 
making nails. 
Club, s. m. club. 

Clubiste, s. m. member of a club. 
Clvmene, s. f a kind of spurge. 
Clystere, kl?s-ter, s. m. clyster. 
CoACERVATioN, s. f. coaccrvation, the act 
of heaping. 

CoACTi-K, VE, kS-^k-lif, ilv, adj. coaclire, 
coercive. Force coactiie, coercive power. 
CoACTiON, s. f. coaction, compulsion. 
CoADJUTEUR, k6-^d-ifl-tSur, s. m, coad- 
jutor, assistant or fellow helper. 

CoADJ UTORERtE, k5-ld-«&-l6r-rl, s, f. CO* 

CoADjuTRicE, kS-id-sfl-tris, s. f,coadju- 

Coagulation, k3-i-ffi-li-s!o»i, s, f, co- 

'CoAouLER,k5-J-^-Ia,v. a. to coagulate, 
congeal, curd, curdle. Se co'iguler,v. r. to 
coagulate, congeal. 
CoALisER, v. n. lo join together. 
Coalition, s. f. coalition, 
CoASSEMENT, k6-as-men_. s. m. croaking 
like a frog. 
CoASSER , k6-^-sa, v. n. lo croak like a frog, 
CoATi, s. m. four-footed animal very com- 
mon in America. 
Cobalt, or Cobolt, s. m. cobalt, 
Coc, V. Coq. 

*CocAGNE,kS-kilgn. Ex. Pays de cocagne, 
plentiful country, good country to live iii. 
Sort of pole for competitors to ascend. 
Cocarde, kft-kard, s. f. cockade. 
*Cocasse, adj. odd, comical, whimsical. 
Cocatrix, s. m. cockatrice. 
CocHE, kOsh, s. m. travelling coach. 
Coclie d'eau, large boat to carry passengers 
on a river. 

CocHE, s. f. sow; (said of a fat woman) 
great sow ; notch. En cache. Mar. close up 
to the mast head. Nos huniers sont en cache, 
our top sails are close up to the mast head. 
CocHEMAR, k5sh-mi.r. V. Caucheiiuv. 
CocHENiLLAGE, s. m, decoction made of 
CocHENiLLE. kSsh-nl/, s. f. cochineal. 
CocHEMLLER, V. a. to dyea stufi'wilh co* 



bcir, jill, base : Iher*^, §ii 


riir : field, % : rAbe, rSb, Idi-d : m6ocl, g6od. 

CocHKR, kd-sha, v. a. to tread. Le coq 
coche lapoule, the fock treads the hen. 

CocHER, ko-sha, s. m. coachman. 

CocHKHE, Kft-sh^r, adj. & f. Ex. Porte 
coclikre, great gate [wide enough for a coach 
to enter.) 

CocHET, kA-sh?, s. m. cockerel. 

CocHEvis, kfish-vi, s. m. crested lark. 

CocHLEARiA, s. m. spoonwort, scurvy- 

CocHON. kA-shon, s. m. hog. Cochon de 
irit, pig. Cochon d'lnde, guinea-pig. Ai-oir 
dei yeux or de j'etits yeux de cochon, to have 
pig's eyes or little eyes. 

(-OCHONNEE, kd-shd-na, 8. f. litter of pigs. 

CocHONNER, kft-shfi-nii, V. n. to faj-row, 
pig, bring forth pigs. 

CocHONNERiE, kfi-sliSn-rl, s. f. nastiness, 

CocHONNET, k6-shd-n^. s. m. jack to bowl 
at ; sort of bowl with twelve sides. 

Coco, k6-k6, s. m. cocoa, cocoa-nut. 

CocoN, k6-ko«, s. m. cod of a silk-worm. 

CocoTiER, k6-kfl-tia, s. m. cocoa-tree, co- 
coa-palm. Jiatiment cocotier, Mar. ship so 
rigged that her blocks are uncommonly con- 

CocTioN, k6k-siow, s. f. coction, concoc- 
tion, digestion. 

Cocu, s. m. cuckold. 

CocUAGE, s. m. cuckoldom. 

CoruFtER, V. a. to cuckold. 

Code, k<\d,s. m. compilation of laws, code. 

CoDETENTEUR, s. m. he who holds with 
another a sum of money or an inheritance. 

CooiciLLAiRE, kS-di-si-l^r,adj. contained 
in the codicil. 

CotuciLi.K, kft-di-sil, s. m. codicil. 

CoDii.LE, k6-d?/, s. m. {at ombre, etc.) co- 
dille. Perdre codilie, to be off the board. 

CouoNATAiRE,adj. &. s. m. & f. he or 
she to whom a thing is given jointly with 
another |)erson. 

CoEKFE, V. Coiffe. 

Coefficient, s. m. coefficient. 

CoEGAL,E,kS-ii-gal, adj. coequal. 

Coemption, s. f. coemption. 

CoEKciBi.E, adj. that can be kept in a cer- 
tain space. 

CoERciTi-F, VE, k5-^r-sl-iif, tlv, adj. co- 
ercive, restraining. 

CoERCiTioN, K6-^r-s?-s?on, s. f. coercion, 
restrauiing, keeping in order. 

CoETERNEL, LE, k6-&-t^r-n?l, adj. coetcr- 

CoEUR, ^eur, s. m. heart ; heart, love, af- 
fection, inclination ; mind, soul ; courage, spi- 
rit, mettle; thought; memory, remembrance ; 
middle or midst ; stomach ; (at cards) heart. 
Soi'ie\xnient de coair, rising of the stomach. 
A coeurjeiin, fasting. Cela me tierit an coeur, 
cela vie pese stir le canir, fni cela s?ir le ccRur, 
that lies heavy upon my (leart. Bienainie du 
coeJir, bosom friend. Ajrprendre par coeur ,Vo 
learn by heart. Dire par coeur, to say with- 
out book. Avoir le coeur sur les lerres, to be 
open hearted, be free and open. Jeii'ai rien 
tant a coeur que de rous renare serrice, I have 
no greater desire than to serve you. C'esl nn 
hovwie toiU de coevr, he is of a noble or p" - 
nerous temper. Prendre sort canf jwtr (r^trui, 
to feel for others, have a fellow feelir.g. 

Coiv iQ,UE , s. m. co-bishop. ' 

Coexistence, s. f. coexistence. 

CoEXisTER, V. n. to coexist. 

Coffin, s. m. candle- basket. 

CoFFiNER, (se) V. F. to curl, tum up {a» 

Coffre, k?ifr, .s. m. trunk or chest ; chest 
or bulk of the body ; coffin ; (of a lute) belly. 
Coffre fort, strong box. Les coffres du Roi, 
the king's coffers or trea-sury. Piquer le 
coffre, to dance attendance. Mar. chest, etc. 
Coffres d'ai-nies, arm-chest. Coffre de muni- 
tion, ammunition-chest. Coffre a medecme^ 
medicine-chest. Coffre de signaux, colour^ 
chest. Ce baiimeiU a beaucoup de coffres, that 
ship has a very roomy waist. 

Coffrer, kft-fi-a, V. a. to put into jail. 

CoFFRET, kO-fr^, s. m. little trunk or chest. 

CoFFRETiER, k<ifr-tia, s. m. trunk or oof" 


CoGNAssE, k6-ffn?is, s. f. wild quince. 

CoGNAssiER, ko-gna-siii, s. m. 

CoGNAT, s. m. (the g is pronounced hard) 
cognate, kinsman, descending from the same 

Cognation, s. f. (tlie g is hard) cognation, 

CoGNEE, k6-gn^, s. f. axe, hatchet. 

CoGNE-FETU, kdgn-fa-t&, s. m. busy tri- 
fler, one that makes a great ado to no pur- 
pose. Jl ressemble a cogne-fitu, il se tue etnt 
fait rien, he is a marplot, takes a world (rf 
trouble about nothing. 

CoGNER, kd-gni, V. a. to knock or drive in; 
to beat , maul. Cogner un clou, to drive a naiL 

Cohabitation. k5-a-bi-tSi-s?oK, s. f. co- 

CoHAEiTER, kS-a-bl-ta, v. n. to cohabit. 

Coh:£rence, kd-a-r^ns, s. f. coherence, 
agreement, hanging together. 

CoHiRiTiER, e, k6'-a-r?-tla, ti^r, s. m. & 
f. co-heir, joint-heir, fellow-heir, co-heiress. 

Cohesion, kfl-a-z?ow, s. f. cohesion, 

CoHOBATioN, s. f. cohobaiion, pouring 
back of any distilletl liquor ujKJn what it was 
drawn from. 

Cohober, v. a. to thicken a liquor by 
means of cohobaiion. 

CoHORTE, kft-6rt, s. f. cohort, Roman co- 
hort, lOlh part of a legion. 

CoHUE, kft-i'i, s. f. crowd, rout, multitude; 
place where inferiour courts are held. 

Coi, TE. kwil, kwal, adj. quiet, still. Cham- 
bre coite, close, confined room. 

CoiFFE, kw^f, s. f. hood, coif; net; cawl 
which covers the bowels ; lining. Coiffe de 
vuit, night-cap. 

CoiFF^, E, kwS-fa, adj. ihat has a hood or 
coif on, e/c. Eire Men coiffe, \o have a fine 
head of hair ; also to have a good wig or hat 
on ; to have one's hair well dressed. // est ni 
coifft', he is born to good fortune. Chien bien 
coi'ffi, long-earetl dog. Bouf.eille coiffee, bot- 
tle and fowl. Joiter, perdre, gagner houteille 
coiffee, to play for, lose, win. a bottle and 
fowl. // e.<!t coiffe de cetie femme, he is be- 
witched with that woman. Eire coiffe d'une 
opinion, d'uve personne, to be over-fond of an 
opinion or person. 

CoiFFER, kwa-fa, v. a. to dress or cover 
the head . CItapeau or pemi/pte qui. coiffe bien, 
hat or wig that (its well. Coifferune boiiteille, 
to cap a botte. ge coiffex, v. r. to dress one's 




bise, bfit : j^une, m^ute, beurre : ^fiwt, c^ii, Win : vm . 

mo?i ; brun. 

head ; to ^el tips^ or drunk ; d'une j)ersoiine, 
to be overfond of an opinion or person. S*". 
toiffer de fatix clieveux, to wear false hair. 
8e laisser coiffer, to build a chapel. 

Coiffer, v. a. Mar. to bark, lay aback. 
Coiffer line voile, to lay a sail aback or to back 
a sail. Se coiffer, v. a. Mar. to be taken 
aback. Aotis nous sommes coiffes en ckicunaiit 
U vent, we have been taken aback by hugging 
the wind too close. Se coiffer, to broach to. 

Coiffeur, kwa-feur, s. m. hair-dresser. 

Coiffeuse, kwii-fei'iz, s. f. milliner. 

CoiFFCRE, kwi-fiir, s. f heaJ-dress. 


Cognasse, etc. 

CoiGNiER, s. m. quince-tree. 

CoiGNOiR, s. m. coin or wedge used by 
printers to lock up a form. 

Coin, kwln, s. m. corner ; (of a wig) bck ; 
die ; a puiich ; wedge, coin, quoin ; (fruit) 
quince. Regarder du coin de, to cast 
sheep's eyes, leer upon. // tient Men son coin, 
he keeps or maintains liis ground. Marqud 
au bon coin, of the right stamp. Marque au 
mauvais coin, not oT the right stamp. V. 

Coin, s. m. Mar. coin, quoin, wedge, chock, 
etc. Coin a manche, horsin^-iron. Coin a 
fendre, iron-wedge. Ccin de mire, coin (or 
quoin) of a gun. Coin d'arrimage,wed^e or 
chock used m the stowage of a vessel's hold.. 
Coins de mats, wedges of a mast (by which 
it is confined in tlie partners.) 

Coincidence, s. f coincidence. 

CoYncident, e, 9dj. coincident. 

ColNciDER, V. n. to coincide. 

Going, s. m. quince. V. Coin, (tlie g is si- 

ColON, s. m. coward, dastardly fellow. 

CoToNNER, V. n. to abuse, make a fool of, 
use scurv ily. Also v. n. Ex. // nefait que coi- 
onner, he is always making a fool of somebody. 

ColoNNERiE, s. f. cowardice, base cow- 
ardly action, sneakingness ; also silliness, fool- 
ery, pitiful idle story, trifle. 

CoTT, k6-lt, s. m. coition. 

CoiTE, V. Couetle. 

Col, kfti, s. m. collar ; defile, narrow pas- 
gage ; neck (of tlie bladder ;) stock (sort of 
eraiwU.) V. Cou. 

CoLACHON, s. m. sort of Italian instrument 
of musick. 

CoLARiN, s. m. frieze of a tuscan or doric 

CoLATURE, 8. f. colature ; also what is 

CoLCHiDE, s. f. Colchis (kingdom in Asia.) 

CoLCHKiUE, s. m. a sort ofljulbous plant. 
Cdled also, Tue-Chien, dog-bane. 
CoLcoTAR,s.m.Colcoihar, calcined vitriol. 
CoLERA-MORBUS, s. m. cliolera-morbus. 
CoLiRE, k6-l^r,s. f. anger, wrath, passion ; 
choler ; rage. Etre en colere contre quelquhm, 
to be angry with one. Revenir de sa colere, 
to come to one's self again. Jm colore des 
fltts, the rage of the waves. Mer en colore, 
raging or angry sea. 

Colere, adj. cholerick, passionate, hasty, 
B^t to be angry, soon angry. 

CoLi;RiQ,uE,k5-la-rlk, adj. cholerick, pas- 

Col; ART, s. m. a sort offish {like the ray.) 

iJoLiBRi, ka-li-bri, s. m. colibri (a bird.) 

CoLiFicHET, kS-li-fi-sli^, s. m. cut paper; 
knack, trifle, gewgaw, toy. Machine to regu« 
laie the weight of coin. 

C0LIMA90N, V. LimaQon. 

COLIN-MAILLARD, Vh-Vin-llAi-lkT, 8. m 

blind man's buft'. 
CoLiQDE, ko-llk, s. f colick, griping. 
CoLisiE, kS-U-za, s. m. Coliseum. 

COLLABOHAT-EOR, RICE, S. m. &- f. who 

works jointly with another, who helps hin». 

CoLLATAiREjS. m. he on whom has been 
conferred an ecclesiastical benefice. 

Collateral, E,k8-la-ta-rM, adj. collate- 
ral. Les collateraux, s. m. pi. collaleral kindred. 

Collateur, k5l-la-teur, s. m. collator, 

Collati-f, ve, kol-l;\-t?f, tlv, adj. Ex. 
Benejice collatif benefice that is confeired. 

Collation, kftl-li-sion, s. f. collation, ad- 
vowson, patronage; comparison of one thing 
with another ; collation, light supper, after- 
noon's nunchion. Jn tlie uiUer sense one L is 

Collationner, kSl-li-slft-nri, v. a. to 
compare, collate. Collationner, v. u. (the two 
L's as one) to eat a collation. 

CoLLE, kSl, s. f. glue, paste, size; sham, 
lie. Colle forte, glue. Colle de poisson, isin- 
glass. Colle defarine, paste. 

CoLLi, E, adj. glued, pasted ; (at billiards) 
close to the cusiiion. Je snis colle or ma hille 
est colliie, I have a close ball. Charbons col- 
les, caked coal. Habit qui est colle^ or qui 
semble colle sur le corjis, suit that fits very 
close. Eire colle sur les lirres, to pore over 
books, study hard. Eire colle sur su^i clmuil, 
to sit firm or straight on horseback. Avoir les 
yeux colles sur, to have one's eyes fastened on. 

CoLLECTE, kd-lekt, s. f. sort of prayer, 
collect ; gathering or levying of taxes ; col- 
lection of charities. 

Coi.LECTEUR,k5-lSk-tSur, s. m. collector, 
gatherer of taxes. 

CoLLECTi-F, vE,kS-lSk-t!f, tlv, adj. collec- 

Collection, k5-l3k-slo7i, s. f. collection, 

CoLLECTivEMENT, k6-l?k-tlv-mSw, adv. 
collectively, in a collective sense. 

Collj^gataiuk. k6-la-ga-i^r, s. m. & f. 

College, k'^-las, s.m. college. 

CoLLEGiAL, E, k5-la-;?al, adj. colleg iate. 

CollIgiale, s f collegiate church. 

CoLLicuE, kS-l&^,s. m. colleague, fellow 
or co-partner in an ol^ce. 

CoLLER, k6-la, V. a. to glue or paste toge- 
ther; (une bille) to put close to the cushion; 
give a close ball. Se coder or ^tre colle cvidrt 
un mur, to tie close to a wall. Se colter, to 
cake (said of sea-coal .) 

CoLLERETTE, kol-rSt, s. f. neckcloih or 
kerchief (for women.) 

Collet, kS-l§, s. m. (of a waistcoat) col- 
lar , (of a coat) cape; (of a cliemise) neck; 
neck-band; a gin; (of mutton) neck. Collet 
de bnffie. bufT jerkin. Prendre or taisir 
quelqi?un au collet, to nab one, take one pri- 
soner, arrest, apprehend one. Prefer le col- 
let a qnelqiiun, to cope with one, make head 
against one. Mar. Ex. Collet d'etat, eye of a 
stay. Collet d'une courbe, throat of a knee. 
Collet d'une ancre, crown of au ?nchor 




bir, bat, bise : tli^re,^bb,ovlr: field, (1g: r6be,r6b. 16rd: ni6od, gSod. 

CoT-LETF.R, k6l-t^,v. a. to lake by the neck, 
to collar. Colkter, v. n. to set gins (for hares, 
ttc.) Se collder, v. r. to wrestle or struggle. 

*CoLi.ETiN, kftl-tirt, s. m. jerkin. 

CoLLEUR, s. m. glue; maker of paste- 
Doard ; house-paperer. 

CoLi.iEK, kS-liii, s. m. necklace; (of a 
knight, horse, dog, etc.) collar. Cheral de col- 
lier, draught horse. Pigeon au collier, a ring- 
dove. Prendre le collier de mish'e, to take a 
wife. Rejirendre le collier de misere, to return 
to the plough. Mar. Collier d'etai, collar of 
a slay. Collier de defense, puddening of a 
boat's stem. 

CoLi.iG EK, kS-ll-;l, V. a. to collect remark- 
able passages, make collections ; to gatlier or 
infer or draw a consequence. 

Collin E, ko-lln, s. f. hill, knoll. 

CoLLiQ,u ATi-F, VE, eidj. Colliquative, melt- 

CoLLiq,UATioiT, s. f. colliquation, the act 
of melting. 

CoLi isiON,kSl-li-zlon, s.m. collision, dash- 
ing together. 

Collocation, k5l-l3-ki-s!ora, s. f. collo- 
cation, placing in order or rank. 

CoLLoqoE, k6-l6k, s. m. conference, col- 
loquy, dialogue. 

CoLLoqiiER,kftl-lS-A:a,v. a. to rank, place 
in order. 

CoLLUDER, kSl-l&-da, V. a. to collude, 
juggle, plead by coviu with intent to de- 

Collusion, k8l-l&-s?on, s. f. collusion, jug- 
gling, deceit, covin used among lawyers. 

CoLLCsoiRE, kdl-lft-swi.r, adj. collusory, 
done by covin and collusion. 

collusively, done by covin and collusion. 
CoLLYUE,k6-llr,s. m.collyrium, eye-salve. 

CoLMAR, s. m. (sort of pearl) colmar. 

COLOKANE, V. Cofo77/uZ7ie. 

CoLOMBAGE, s. m. TOW of joists. 
CoLOMBE, k6-lo7(b, s. f. dove, pigeon. 
CoLOMBEAU,s. m. male-pigeon. 
CoLOMBiER, k6-lo7t-bi&, s. m. dove-house, 

Eigeon-house. Colombiers, s. m. pi. Mar. 
locking up of a ship's cradle. 

Colo MB IN, s. m. lead ore ; a&o columbine, 

CoLOMEiN, E, kft-lon-bin, b?n, adj. colum- 
bine, of a dove-colour. 

CoLOMBiNE, s. f. {plaTit) columbine; pi- 
geon's dung. 

CoLOMNADE, CoLOMKE, V. Colonnade, 

Colon, kft-lon^ s. m. {an intestine) colon ; 
farmer, planter ; inhabitant of one of the co- 

Colonel, k6-l5-n<^l,s. m. colonel. 

Colonel, le, kS-l6-nJl, adj. belonging to 
the colonel. La colonelle or la comjiagnie 
colonelU, the colonel's company, the first 
company of a regiment. 

Colonial, e, adj. colonial. 

CoLONiE, kft-lft-ni, s. f colony, plantation. 

Colonnade, k5-lS-nild, s. f colonnade. 

Colon *i, kft-lAn, s. f column; pillar, 
lound pitiar; supporter, prop ; line {nf battle.) 
Les colonnes d'Heraile, Hercules's pillars. 
Les colonnes d'lm lit, the bed-posts, tine es- 
cadre S2ir trois colonnex, a fleet of men of war 
drawn up m three lines. 

CoLOPHANE, kft-lft-fan, s. f. colophony, 
rosin for bows of musical instruments. 

CoLOQUiNTE, k6-ld-kiwt, s. m. coloquin- 
teda, bitter apple. 

Colore, e, adj. coloured; apparent, pre- 
tended. Avoir le teint colore, to have a great 

Coi orer, k6-l&-ra, v. a. to colour, dye, to 
colour, varnish over, palliate. Se colorer, v. 
r. to colour. Le rot commence a se colorer, the 
roast meat begins to look brown. 

CoLORiER , kft-I6-r?a, v. a. to lay on the co- 
lours with p-Ojiriety. 

CoLORis, k<j-l5-ri,s. m. colouring (in a pic- 
ture.) Un beau colons, a fine lively complex- 

CoLORisTE, k5-l6-r?st, s. m. painter skilled 
in the right use of colours, colourist. 

Colossal, e, kfi-l5-sal, adj. colossal, co- 
lossean, giant-like, gigantick. 

Colosse, k8-lAs, s. m. colossus ; giant. 

Colostre. kd-lftstr, s. m. beastings, first 
milk after childbirth. 

CoLPORTAGE, k6l-p6r-tLr, s. m. hawker's 
CoLPORTER,kSl-pftr-l^,v. a.tohawkabout 
Colporteur, kft!-p3r-t^ur, s. m. Colpor- 
TEUSE, s. f hawker, pedler. 

CoLTis, s. m. Mar. beak-head, bulk-head, 
foremost frame of a ship. 

Co LURES, kft-lir, s. m. pi. colures. 

Colza, s. m. a sort of wild cabbage. 

Coma, s. m. coma, morbid disposition to 

CoMATEu-x, SE,adj. comatose, lethargick. 

Com bat, kon.-bi , s. m. combat, fight, fcht- 
ing, battle, actioh, conflict, struggling. Com- 
bat naval or de mer, sea-fight, engagement at 
sea. Combat, a la barrih-e, tilting. Combat 
de taiireanx, bull-baiting. Combats de coqs, 
cock-fightinff. Combat singulier, duel. Com- 
bat desj'eiix Olympiques, combats in the Olym- 
pick games. 

Combattant, kon-b^-t^, s. m. combat- 
ant, fighting-man, champion. 

Combat TRE, ko>/-balr, v. a. like battre, to 
combat, fight ; to combat, wage or make war, 
withstand, oppose, resist, strive against. La 
^onlte est tme maladie qti'on a de la peine ci 
combaltre, the gout is difficult to deal with. 
Combattre, v. n. to combat, fight, f/c. to be in 
suspen'se. be uncertain or wavering. Com- 
battre centre une maladie, to struggle with a 
disease. Mar. to fight, etc. Combattre des 
deux bords, to engngeon both sides. 

Combattu, e, adj. fought, etc. 

Com Bi EN . ko7t-b?§«, how much , how many, 
how. Combien de gens, how many people? 
Comhien rant cela, what is the price of that ? 
Combien de terns, how long, how long time ? 
Combien. que, although. V. Qnoiqne. 

Combinaison, kon-b?-n?-zon, s. f. combi- 
nation or joining together. 

Combiner, kon-bi-n^, v. ?, to combine, 
join together. 

Combi.e, konbl. s. m. top, ridge; timber 
work and roof of a building; beapi.'igT)'" i 
measure, over-measure ; highest pitch or de- 
gree, height. Four rnmble de, \n order to 
complete, in order to fill the measure of. Dt 
fcna en romble, from top tc bottom, down to 
the ground, utterly, to all intents and pur- 




bise, bflt : j^iine, mSule, b^urre: ^n^nl, chit, Wen • \in: mon: brun. 

CoMBLE, adj. heaped up, full to the top. 
Cheisil qui a le pied comble, horse whose sole 
is higher than nis hoof. 

Comble, e, adj. heaped up, filled. Un 
port comble, Mar. a harbour choked up. 

CoMBLEMENT,s. m. the act of filling up. 

CoMBLER, kon-bla, v. a. to heap up, fill or 
fill up ; (quelquhm de bien/'aits) to load one 
with favours or kindness ; {quelqu'un dejoie) 
to fill one with joy. 

CoMBLETE, s. f. slit in the middle of a 
StEig's foot. 

CoMBOURGEOis, V. Cortciioyen. 

CoMBRiERE, s. f. net to catch large fish 

CoMBUGER,kort-ba-«il,v. a.tosoak. Ccm- 
buger une piece or une /lUaille, to soak or 
rinse out a cask. 

Combustible, kon-bfis-tJbl, adj. combus- 

Combustion, kon-bfls-tJon, s. f. combus- 
tioo, tumult, confusion. 

CoMEDiE, kA-ma-d], s. f. pla}' ; comedy; 
play-house, theatre ; dissimulation, sham- 
ming, juggling. Faire la com^die, to be a 
player. Donner la comedie, to make sport 
For othejs. 

CoMEDiEN, k6-mi-dien, s. m. player, co- 
median, actor ; dissembler or hj-pocrite. 

Comedienne, kft-ma-di§n, s. t. player, wo- 
man player, actress ; also dissembler, dissem- 
bling woman. 

Comestible, adj. «Sr. s. eatable. 

CoMETE, kft-mJt, s. f. comet, blazing star. 

CoMicES, kft-m?s, s. m. pi. the comitia or 
assembly of the people of Rome. 

CoMiNGE, s. f. bomb of a considerable 

CoMiquE, kfl-mlk, adj. comical, of or be- 
longing to a comedy. Pof'te comique, writer 
of comedies, comick \vriter. 

CoMiQUE, s. m. comical part. 

CoMiQUEMENT, kfi-mik-mSn, adv. comic- 
ally; pleasantly, like a comedy. 

CoMiTE, s. m. officer of a galley, who has 
particular command over the slaves. 

CoMiTi, kd-ml-t^, s. m. committee. 

Comma, s. m. semicolon or colon. 

Commandant, kh-mhn-Ahn, ao'j. <fe s. m. 
commanding, commander, commanding offi- 
cer. Commandant en clief, commander in 
chief. Commandant d'uTie escadre or d^une 
division, Mar. commander in chief of a fleet 
or squadron ; aiso commodore or senior offi- 
cer of a detachment of ships. Commandant 
d'un port, commanding officer at a port. Com- 
mandarU d'une jir^se, prize master. 

Commande, k6-m^ndj adv. Ex. Besosme 
de commande, work that is bespoken. Mar- 
chandise de commande, goods that are bespo- 
ken. Maladie de commande, feigned sickness, 
etc. V. Commander. 

CoMMANDEMENT, kft-m^nd-m?n, s. m. 
command; order, charge; commandment, 
precept, law. Government, conduct; (mili- 
tary term) height, eminence, little hill or rising 
ground. Les comvw.ndemens de Vexercite, the 
words of command. Faire commandemeni, to 
command. Ai'oir tout h commandement, to 
have all things at command. Avoir le Latin 
a commandement, to be master of Latin. Mar. 
order ; also command of a ship. 

Commander kft-m^n-da. v. a. to com- 

mand ; order, charge or bid ; to bespeak ; to 
have the command, conduct, government or 
rule ; to uiaister, to keep under, have the mas- 
tery or command over ; to lead. Mar. to com- 
mand, etc. Commander la manoeuvre avec le 
sijflet, to wind a call. Commander la route, 
to shape the course. Commande, h(jl;ou (an- 
swer made by French sailors, when a scrt of 
preparatory whistle s given previous to any 
general order being signified.) 
CoMMANDERiE,kd-mind-rl,s. f. comman- 




kft-m^n d^ur, s. 
commander (of an order of knights.) 

Commandite, s. f. agreement between 
two partners when one finds the money, the 
other attends to tlie business. 

CoMME, kftm, adv. as, like, as it were, al- 
most ; as, seeing that ; whereas ; as, wnen. 
Triste comine content, il voits faudra chanter, 
sad or merry you must sing. II est comme cela, 
it is his way. Comme qnoi, how 7 why ? Comme 
atissi, as, so, likewise. Comme cela, so so. 
Comme anssi, and likewise. Comme si, as if. 

CoMMEMORATi-F, VE, adj. Commemora- 

CosiMiMORATiON, kfl-m^-md-ri-sIoTi, s. f. 
commemoration, remembrance. 

C0MMEN9ANT, E, kft-men-sin, sint, s. m 
& f. beginner, novice. 

Commencement, k6-m6ns-m^, s. m. be- 
ginning, commencement. 

CoMMENCER, kft-m^-sS,, V. a. to begin or 
enter upon. Commencer un proch, to com- 
mence a suit at law, v, n. to begin or com- 
mence. Commencer le dichargement d'un vais- 
seauor a decliarger un vaisseau. Alar, to break 

CoMMENDATAiRE, kft-m^n-dS-t^r, s. m. 
commendatory, one who holds a living in 

Commende, k6-m^»id, s. f. commendam. 
En commends, Ex. Abbaye tn commande, ab- 
bey in commendam. 

Commensal, e, kft-min-sAl, adj. that eats 
at the same table. Officier commensal, officer 
of the king's household. 

CoMMENSALiTi, s. f. commensality, fel- 
lowship of table. 

CoMMENSURABiLiTE, kfl-m^-sfi-r&-bM?- 
ti, s. f. commensurabilitv. 

Commensurable, k5-m^-s&-ribl, adj. 

Comment, k6-m^, adv. how, in what 
manner ; how ! why ? 

Commentaire, kft-m^-t^r, s. m. com- 
ment, commentary, exposition. 

CoMMENTATEUR, k6-m^-ta-t^ur, s. m. 

CoMMENTER, k6-m^-ti, V. a. to com- 
ment, write comments upon. 

Commenter, v. n. to criticise ; put an ill 
construction upon ; to exaggerate. 

*CoMMER, k6-ma, v. n. to make compari- 

C0MMER9ABLE, kS-m^r-sibl, adj. com- 
mercial, negotiable, that belongs to trade. 

C0MMER9ANT, kd-m^r-s^, s. m. trader, 

C0MMER9ANT, E, adj. trading. E,x. Une 
nation commerqante, a trading nation. 

Commerce, kft-m^rs, s. m. commerce: 
trade, trading or traffick ; communication, in- 




bkr, bsi, b;iso : there, <^bb, ov^r : field, fig : rAbe, rib, I6rd : miod, gftod. 

tercourse, converse, acquaiiitaiice, correspon- 
dence ; amour, intrigue. 

CoMMERCER, kd-m^T-sil, V. n. to trade or 
drive a tratle, iraflick. 

CoMMEiiK, k6-ni^r, s. f. god-mother; gos- 
sip or gossipping housewife. 

CoMMETTANT, kft-m^-t^rt, s. m. constitu- 
ent. Ex. Les 'lepiUes tie feront rien de con- 
train mix m'hkts de Imrs commettaus, the de- 
puties will -icf act contrary to tlie interests of 
their cons' ii--i;its. 

CoMM'/:'. 7i(E, kS-m^tr, v. a. (like viMre) 
to comn^iit, -Jij perpetrate ; to assign, appoint, 
vVelcgale , to expose. Comniettre une chose 
CM scirt fit qi/elqu'uti, to commit a thing to 
on'j'3 f.hdifc, trust one witii a thing. Coni- 
tn-eilr/ <Uu c persomies entre elles, to make two 
perro'is fjUarrei and fall out, set two persons 
to{f;e'.hei by the ears. Conimettre aes cor- 
dj/^ei, Mar. to lay ropes. V. Cordage. Se 
co/n/ndtre, v. r. to expose one's self. Se com- 
tnat-earec quelq?t'un,Xo expose one's self, to 
b« JrawM into a quarr«! will) one. 

CoMMiNATioN.s. f. comminalion, threat- 

CoiMM IN ATOiRE,kA-m)-ni-twar, 
aiinalorj", threatening. 

CoMMis, E, adj. committed, e^c. V. Com- 
mettre &, Cordage. 

CoMMis, k5-ml, s. m. deputy or clerk. 
Commis de la d/niane, commissioner of the 
custom-house, also custom-house officer. 
Commis atix vivres, Mar. purser, steward (of 
a ship.) 

Contmise, k6-miz, s. f. forfeiture, confisca- 

CoMMisiRATioN, kS-m?-z?i-r&-slow, s. f. 
commiseration, compassion, pity. 

CoMMissAtRE, Kd-ml-ser, s. m. commis- 
sioner ; juflge, delegate or commissary ; over- 
seer or sequestrator ; overseer. Comtnissaire 
de police, justice of the peace. Commissaire 
des gtterres, muster-master, commissary. 
Commissaire des rivres, commissioner of the 
victualling. Lords commissaires de I'umiraut^, 
lords commissioners of the admirallj'. Com- 
missaires de la marine, commissioners of the 
navy. Commissaire resident, (dans un port) 
commissioner resident. 

Commission, kd-mi-s?on,s. f. commission; 
message ; errand ; warrant, mandate ; charge, 
order. Mettre un raisseaii de guerre en com- 
missioriylo put a ship in commission. Ve/idre 
des vii'res par commission, to sell books for 

CoMMissiovNAiRE, k6-m?-s15-n^r, s. m. 
commission-merchant, factor; an errand-boy. 

CoMMiTTiMVS, s. m. Lettres de committi- 
ftuis, special commission directed in the be- 
half of pnvileged persons to their peculiar 

CoMMiTTiTUR, s. m. committituf. 

CoMMoDAT, s. m. gratuitous lending of a 
thing which is to be returned. 

Commode, k6-mftd, adj. convenient, easy, 
commodious, apt, fit, advantageous; easy, 
complaisant, good humoured, not trouble- ; too in'mlgent or condescending. Une 
moia/e commode, a lax morality. 

Commode, s. f. commode ; alsosel of draw- 
ers, sort of bureau. 

CoMMOD^MENT, kft-mft-dft-m?n, adv. con- 
venientl}', commodiously, comfortably. 

Co-MMODiTE, kd-md-df-ti, s. f. convenience, 
conveniency, ease, commodity; conven-ent 
time, opportunity ; conveyance, opportunity. 
Commodites, advantages or goods of fortune, 
riches; a necessary, privy. 
Commotion, kft-m8-s5o7e, s. f. commotion. 
CoMMUER, k6-mfl-^, V. a. to commute or 
change (a imnishment.) 

CoMMUN, E, k6-mun, mfln, adi. commoH, 
public, general, universal; usual, ordinary, 
familiar; ordinary, indiflerent, plain; trivial, 
vulgar. Annie commune, one year with ano- 

CoMMUN, s. m. I,es gens du commtin, the 
conmion people, the vulgar, the mob ; the 
under or ordinary sen"anis ; the generality. 
Commun, common. En commun, in common. 
Du commun, common, ordinary. 

Communal, E, adj. that which is common 
to the inhabitants of one or several villages. 
CoMMUNAUTE, kd-infi-n6-ta, s. f. society, 
community ; corporation ; community (of 

CoMMUNAUX, kft-mfl-ni, s*. m. pi. a com- 

Commune, s. f. corporation . Commune or 
Communes, a common. Les communes d'un 
etnt, the commons of a state. Les communes, 
la clumibre des communes, the commons, the 
house of commons, the lower house (of the 
English parliament.) 

Com MUN£MENT,kS-mfl-n8-m^, adv. com- 
monly, usually, generally, universally. Cela 
se dit communement, that is a common say- 

CoMMUNiANT, kS-mft-nl-in, s. m. commu- 

Communicable, k5-mfl-n!-kabl, adj. com- 
municable ; also easy of access. 

Communicati-f, ve, k6-iTifi-n?-kS-<?f, tlv, 
adj. commuiiicative, sociiible, aflable, fami- 
liar, easy to be spoken with. 

Communication, k6-mfi-n?-k^-s?077, s. f. 
communication ; imparting, converse, society, 
correspondence, intercourse, fellowship. Com- 
munication des pieces, exhibition of writings. 
CoMMUNiER, k6-m6-nI-&, v. n. to commu- 
nicate, receive the communion or Lord's Sup- 
per ; V. a. toadminister or give the communion. 
Communion, k5-mfl-nIow, s. f. communion ; 
fellowship. Eire relranche de la comvmnicTi 
desjideles, to be turned out of the pale of tlie 
church, to be excommunicated. 

CoMMUNiQUER.k6-mft-n!-M,v. a. to com- 
municate or impart, tell, show, discover or re- 
veal. Communique les pieces d'un proces, to 
produce or exhibit the writings or papers. 
Comnmniquer, v. n. to confer, consult, dis- 
course, have a conference together; to have 
a correspondence. Votre cliambre communique 
a celle-ci, your room has communication with 
this. Se ccmmuniquer, v. r. to be communi- 
cative, sociable, affable, free or open, to dis- 
close one's heart. Matadie (jui se communique, 
infection or contagious disease. Ces deux 
cimmbres se commtmiqnent par une gallerie, 
those two rooms have a communi<'ation with 
each other by means of a gallery. 

CoMMUTATi-F, VE, k6-m6-tl-tJf, tk, adj. 

Commutation, k6-mfl-iS-s?on, s. f. com- 
mutation. Faire commutation de peine, to 
commute tlie punishment. 




biise, bflt : jeune, m^ute, blurre ; hdiint, cSnl, li^n ; \\n : mon : brun. 

CoMPACiTE, s. f. compactness, closouess. 

CoMPACTE, kon-p^kt, adj. compact, close. 

CoMPAONE, ko?j-pign, s. f. companion, 
she-companion, consort, fellow maid servant. 

CoMPAGNiE, kort-pi-gni, s. f. company; 
partnership, society, corporation ; company, 
troop ; covey. Les compagnics souveraines du 
royaumede France, the parliaments of France. 
La compagnie des ludcs, the East India 
company. Aller de compagnie, to go together. 

CoMi'AGNON, kon-p^-gnow, s. m. compa- 
nion ; mate, fellow-partner ; a journeyman. 
(Egal) fellow, equal ; blade. Alter de pair a 
comjiagnon, to go cheek by jole, to be hail 
fellow well met. 

CoMPAGNONAGE, ko«-p^-gn6-na«, s. m. 
time that an apprentice is obliged to work as 

Comparable, kon-pS,-ribl, adj. compa- 
rable, like. 

Compahaison, kora-pii-r?-zo7«, s. f. com- 
parison, comparing, parallel. Par compa- 
raison, adv. by comparison, comparatively. 
En comparaison de, a comyaraison de, to or lu 
comparison of. 

Comparant, e, kon-p?L-rin, rinl, adj. 
that makes his or her appearance in court. 

CoMPARATi-F, VE, kon-pa-ra-t3f, tiv, adj. 
& s. m. & f comparative. 

CoMPARATiVEMENT, ko«-p^-ra-tlv-m^«, 
adv. comparatively. 

Comparer, kon-p^-ra, v. a. to compare, 
set together, make comparison. Se comparer 
d qneTqii'un, to compare or vie with one. 

COMPARITION, V. Companition. 

CoMPARoiR,kon-pil-rwar, V. n. (nsedonly 
in the infinitive, )icidi^\>ecir in a court of jus- 

CoMPAROiTRE, kow-pa-retr,v. n. (Wkepa- 
rottre at oitre) to appear, make one's appear- 
ance before a judge. 

CoMPARTiMENT, kon-p^r-t?-m?n, s. m. 
compartment. Compartimenl dejardin, plot 
in a garden. 

CoMPARTiR, V. a. to compart, divide. 

CoMPARTiTEUR, s. m. compartitor. 

CoMPARu, E, adj. that has niade hisr?rher 
appearance before the court. 

GoMPARUTioN, ko7j-pl-r5-s!on, s. f. ap- 

CoMPAS, kon-p^, s. m. compass, pair of 
compasses. Compos de proportion, sector. 
Comjias: de cordonnier, shoe-maker's size. 
Mar. Cmnpas de vier, compass. Comjxts ren- 
verse, hanging compass. Comjias de varia- 
tion, az\mm\\ compass. Compos de roitte, 
steering compass. Quarts du compas, points 
of the compass. Compas conrhes, callipers, 
calliper-compasses. Compas a pointes, or a 
pointer fa carte, comjiasses, pair of compasses. 

CoMPAssi, E, adj. measured by compass- 
es. Homme extremement cmipasse, formal, 
precise, starched or affected man. 

CoMPAssEMENT, s. m. the act of measur- 
ing with compasses. 

CoMPASSKR, kon-pS-sa, v. ei, to measure 
with compasses; {la in^clie) to try ; to propor- 
tion, square, frame ; to regulate properly ; to 
be formal or precise. 

Com PASSION, ko«-p^-s5on,s.f. compassion, 
pit/. Faire cmnpasnion , to be pitiable, 

JoMPATiBii.iTE, ko»-p;Vti-bT-li-t;\, s. f. 
ro -ipatibilily. Its n' mit ensembte aucumcom- ' 

I paiibiliti^ d'lium£ur, their humours do not suit 
at all together. 

Compatible, kon-pi-tibi, adj. compati- 
ble, that can agree. Son humeur 71'esl pas 
compatible avec la mienne, his humour and 
mine cannot agree tnn^elher, we cannot set 
oar horses together, tjn ojfice or benHicecom- 
patible, an othce or benefice that may be held 
with another. 

CoMPATiR, kon-pa-tJr, v. n, to agree, suit, 
be compatible. Compalir A, to compassionate, 
commiserate, sympathize with, have a felbw 
feeling for ; to bear with, be indulgent to. 

CoMPATissANT, E, kon-pS,-tl-s^n, s^t, 
adj. compassionate, indulgent. 

COMPATRIOTE, ko/l-pa-tI?-Ot, S. HI. & f. 

compatriot, one's country-man or country- 

Compendium, kon-p^-dI-3m, s. m. com- 
pendium, abridgment. 

Compensation, kon-p^n-s?l-s?oM, s. 
pensation, amends, satisfaction, recompense. 

CoMPENsi, E, adj. compe"s^ted, etc. Lea 
depens etant compenses, withuui costs, each 
party being adjudged to bear his own costs 
and charges. 

CoMPENSER, kon-D^-sa, v. a. to compen- 
sate, make amends for, counterbalance, re- 

CoMPERAGE, kon-p^-riz, s. m. the rela- 
tion of gossip or god-father. 
Co 51 PER V. , kon-p^r, s. m. gossip, god-father; 
companion, fellow, blade; cunning, siy fellow. 

COMPETANT 0/- CoBlpiTENT, E,"ko«-pi- 

t^w, \knl, adj. competent, sufTicient, due. 
Juge compHeiit, proper or competent judge 

CoMPETEMMENT,adv. Competently, suffi- 
ciently, properly. 

Competence, kon-p^-t6ns, s. f. jurisdic- 
tion, cognizance, bounds of one's jurisdiction; 
competition. Cela n'est pas de rotre compe- 
tence, that is beyond your capacity, you are 
not a competent judge of that. 

Computer, ko/i-pa-ta, v. n. to belong to, 
to appertain to, be cognizable by. 

Comp^tit-eur, rice, korj-pa-t?-ieur, tr?s, 
s. nL & f. competitor, candidate. 

CoMPiLATEUR, ko«-pi-l?L-t^ur, s. m. com- 

Compilation, kon-pM^-sIon, s. f. compi- 

Compiler, koK-pI-la, v. a. to compile or 

Compitales, s. f. pi. Roman feasts in 
honour of the domestic gods. 

Complaignant, e, kon-p\i-gnkn, gn^t, 
s. m. &f. plaintiff, complainant. 

*CoMPLAiNnRE, (sE,) V. Se plain d re. 

*Complainte, s. f. ko/t-pli/U, complaint at 
law. Complaintes, lamentations. V. Plaints 

Complaire, ko?j-pl6r, v. n.^like plaire) to 
please or humour, comply with. Se plaire 
dans or en, v, r. to have a complacency in, de- 
light in. 

Complaisamment, adv. complaisantly, 
complacently, obligingly. 

Complaisance, kow-pl^-z^s, s. f. com 
plaisance. compliance, condescension, ob'ig- 
iiig carriage ; c«inplacency, complacence. 
Complaisances, love, aflection. 

Complaisant, e, ko«-pl<^-z(^n, zAni, adj. 
complaisant, complacent, obliging. Alios, 
m. tV f. 




bir, bat, base : there, ^bb, over : field, fig : r6be, rfib, lArd : miod, pSod. 

ko7i-pl^7«, s. m. vineyard, | 



Com PLANTER, kon-pl^n-ti, v 

Complement, kon-pl^-m?n, s. m. com- 
plement, accomplishment, completion. 

CoMPLEMENTAiRE, adj. Complementary 
or for complement. 

Complex, ETE, kon-pl§, plet, adj. com- 
plete, perfect, entire, full. 

Complex, s. m. complement, full number of 
men, etc. Notre Equipage est au complet. Mar. 
we have our full complement on board. 

C0MPLETE.MENT, ko7t-p]h-min, s. m. com- 

CoMPLETEMENT, adv. Completely. 

Completer, ko»-pla-t?i, v. a. to complete. 

Co.MPLEXE, kon-pl^ks, adj. complex. 
Complexion, ko7<-plek-sion,s.f complexion, 
constitution; humour, fancy, whjm, whimsy. _ 

Complexionne, e, kora-pl§k-s?6-n^, adj. 
Ex. Bien complexionv^ , of a good constitution. 
Mai complexionn^, of a bad constitution. 

CoMPLEXiTE, >. f complexness. 

Complication, koji-pli-ka-slon, s. f. com- 

Complice, kon-pHs, s. m. & f. accomplice, 
accessary to a crime. 

Cgmplicite, ko7?-plI-s?-t<i, s. f. the being 
an accomplice. 

Complies, ko,^-pH, s. f. pi. complines, last 
or closing prayers of the evening. 

CoMPLiMEST,ko7?-pn-m^7!, s. m. a com- 
pliment, obliging words ; ceremonies, compli- 
ments. Bans complimens, freely, plainly, 
without ceremony. 

CoMPLiMENTAiRE, s. m. head or director 
of a trading company, in whose name all af- 
fairs are transacted. 

CoMPLiMENTER,v. n. to Compliment. 

CoMPLiM£NTEU-R, SE, koTJ-pli-m^n-tSur, 
tiuz, s. m. & f complimenter. 
CoMPLiquE,E,kojj-pll-ki,adj. complicated. 
CoMPLiQUER, V. a. to make complicated. 
CoMPLOT, ko7i-pl6, s. m. plot, combination, 

CoMPLOTER, koTi-plft-tl, V. n. to plot, com- 
bine, conspire ; v. a. to plot, hitch, ar contrive. 

Compunction, ko7z-po7ik-slon, s. f, com- 
punction, contrition, remorse. 

Com PON E, E, adj. (in lieraldnj,) compound. 

CoMPONENDE, s. f. composition with the 
church of Rome to obtain a dispensation or 

*CoMPORTEMENT, V. DiportemeTvl. 

Compokter, koTj- p6r-t^, v. a.tobear,let, 
suffer or allow of. Ce sont des pluisirs que 
comporle la jeunesse, these are pleasures for 
or suitable to youth. Le temps le comporte, 
the time requiijes it. Cette fregate comporte 
une Mute mature, that frigate requires to be 
taunt masted. Se comporter, v. r. to act,car- 
ry, demean, behave or compo.-i one's self. 
Les raisseaiLT a trois ponts se comporterU en 
gMral bien h la mer, three deckers are in 
general good sea boats or generally behave 
well at sea. V. Fatiguer. 

Compose, e, ko7i-p6-z^, adj. composed, 
writ, or written ; consisting or made up, com- 
posed ; stiff, starched, of a reser\'ed look or 
countenance. Mot compost, compound word. 

Compose, s. m. compound, composition, 

37i-pfi-z^, v.a. &n. to compose, 
1 ; (injrri 

Composer, koTi 
nmke or write ; (in printing) to compose or 
set ; to set to musick ; to compound, make or 
make up ; frame or put together ; to make up, 
adjust, compound or agree, capitulate. Com.' 
poser sa mine, to put on a sober or »jrious 
face. Se ccnnposer, v. r. to compose one's 
self, to put on a sober or modest countenance. 

Composelr, s. m. scribbler, paltry writer. 

Composite, ko77-r)fl-2lt, s. m. tlie compo- 
site or compound oraer. 

Composite, ko7i-pA-z!t, adj. (in architec- 
ture) composite, compound. 

Compositeur, ko7?-p&-zl-t?ur, s. m. (in 
printing) compositor ; (in musick) composer ; 
a composer of differences, arbitrator. 

Composition. ko7«-pfi-z]-sio7i,s.f. compos- 
ing, compositioTi, making up, framing, frame, 
putting or setting together ; composer^ writ- 
ing, piece, exercise ; composition, mixture; 
accommodation, agreement, capitulation, ar- 

Composteur, ko7i-p6s-t?ur, s. m. com- 
posing-stick (in printing.) 

*^Compotation, s. f.compotation, drinking 
bout, merry making. 

("ompote, kon-pdt, s. f. sort of preserve 
made of fruit and a little sugar stewed toge- 
ther, stewed fruit. Compote de poires, etc. 
slewed pears, etc. Compote de pigeons, 
stewed pigeons. Accommoder le visage de 
qiielqn'vn h. la or en compote, to beat one to 
mummy or to a jelly. // Ini a mis la tite en 
compote, he has bruised his head sadly. 
Aroir les tjenx en compote, to have one's eyes 
black and blue. Cette viande est en compote, 
that meat is boiled to pieces or to a jellv. 

CoMPRiiHENsiBLE, ko7?-pri-^7i-sibl, adj. 
comprehensible, conceivable. 

Comprehension, kon-pri-^-sion, s. f. 
comprehension, apprehension or understand- 
ing, conception. 

CoMPRENDRE, kon-pr^dr, v. a. (like 
prendre) to apprehend, comprehend, conceive, 
understand or perceive ; to grasp, compress, 
include, contain, compass or fake in. 

CoMPRESSE, koTi-pr^s, s. f compress. 

Compressibility, ko7z-pr^-sf-b?-H-t^, s. 
f. compressibility, fitness to be pressed close. 

Compressible, kon-pr?-s^bl, adj. com- 
pressible, that may be compressed. 

Compression, ko7i-pr§-slo7i, s. f. compres- 
sion, compressure, pressing close, pressure. 

CoMP RIMER, ko7j-pri-ma, v. a. to squeeze 
together ; compress, suppress. 

CoMPRis, E, adj. apprehended, conceived, 
understood, comprehended, comprised, in- 
cluded, contained or taken in. Y comp-is, 
including. ISon compris, not including. 

CoMPROMETTRE, kon-pr6-m<^lr, v. n. 
(like mettre) to compromise, make a com- 
promise, put to arbitration, consent to a re- 
ference, v. a. to expose, bring into question. 
Se compromettre, v. r. to expose one's self, de- 
base one's self by engaging in a quarrel or 
entering into competition. 

CoMPROMis, E, adj. compromised, etc. 

CoMPROMis, kon-prS-ml, s. m. compro- 
mise. Mettre en compromis, to put to arbitra- 
tion, consent to a reference, refer a difference 
(by mutual consent) to the judgment of an 
umpire ; also to expose or haz^<d, bring 
into question. 





bise, bfll : jeiine, m^ute, bliuTe : ^nfiwt, chit, Whn : v'm : mon : brun. 

GJoMPROMissAip.E, kon-prS-ml-s^r, s. m. 
referee, arbitrator, umpire. 

CoMPROTECTEUR, s. iti. joint protcctor. 

CoMPTABiLiT^, s. f. obligation to give an 
account when required, accountability. 

CoMPTABLE, kvi7J-tibl, adj. & s. account- 
able, person who is accountable. 

CoMPTANT, kon-t^n, s. m. & adj. Ex. ar- 
gent comptant, ready money, cash. Avoir du 
complant, to be well in cash, have ready 

CoMPTE, kont, s. m. account ; reckoning, 
computation; profit, advantage ; esteem, va- 
lue. A votre compte, in your judgment or 
opinion. A ce compte, so, if it be so. Au 
bout du compte, after all, every thing duly 
considered. Kouedecomjie, dial wheel, notch j 

Compter, kon-t^, v. a. to count, reckon, 
tell or number ; to cast accounts, sum up, 
compute ; to esteem, value, set a value upon, 
consider. C<mt}>ter sur, to depend or rely 
upon. jS« compter, v. r. to account one's self, 
Jock upon one's self 

CoMPTEUR, kon-t^ur, s. m. accountant, 

CoMPTOiR, kon-tw^r, s. m. counter or 
counting-board ; also counting-house, factory. 

CoMPULSER, kon-pul-sa, V. a. to compel 
or cause, (a register, notary or clerk) to show 
or deliver up a writing. 

CoMPUi-soi R, s. m. any high seasoned meat. 

CoMPULSOiRE, koH-pfll-swir, s. m. com- 
mission enjoining (a register, notary or clerk) 
to exhibit the papers a suitor has need of 

CoMPUT, kon-pflt, s. m. computation. 

CoMPUTiSTE, Kon-p6-t!st, s. m. computist. 

Ck)MTAL, E, kon-tal, adj. of or belonging 
to an earl. 

CoMTE, koTit, s. m. earl or count. Les An- 
glais tie dormait le nom rf'earl qu'auj: cooiitcs 
de lew nation, et appellent count tons les conites 

CoMxi, koR-t^, s. m. earldom, county. La 
Fratwhe-Comt^, the county of Burgundy. 

CoMTEssE, kon-t^s, s. f. countess. 

CoNCAssER, kon-ki-sa, v. a. to pound, 
break, or bruise small. 

CoNCATiNATiON,s. f Concatenation, link- 
ing together. 

Concave, kow-kiv, adj. concave, hollow. 

Co.NCAVE, s. m. concave, concavity, hol- 

CoNCAviTE, kon-ki-v?-ti, s. f concavity, 

CoNCEDER, kon-si-da, v. a. fogTant,yield. 

Concentration, s. f concentration. 

CoNCENTRER, kon-s^w-trii, V. a. to con- 
centrate. Se concentrer, v. r. to concenter, 
meet in one center. 

CoNCENTRiciuE, kon-s^M-lrlk, adj. con- 
centrick, having one common center. 

Concept, s. m. conception (of an idea.) 

Conception, kon-s^p-s?oM, s. f concep- 
tion or breeding; conception, thought, notion; 
apprehension, judgment, understanding. 

CoNCERNANT,kon-s§r-n^, prep, concern- 
ing, touching. 

CoRCERNER, kon-sSr-ni 
regard, belong to. 

Concert, kon-s^r, s. m. concert; harmo- 
ny ;(q/"AjVrf*) chirping, melody ; a concert or 
music-meeting; consent, agreement, union, 

a. to concern. 

good understanding. Faire une chose de con- 
cert, agir de concert, to do a thing by consent, 
act unanimously. 

CoNCEKTANT, E, adj. he or she who sings 
or plays in a concert. 

CoNCKRTE, E, adj. concerted, contrived ; 
etc. affected, composed, studied, starched. 

CoNcERTKR, E, kon-s§r-t^, V. a. (la mU' 
sick) to tiy or rehearse ; to keep or make a 
concert of music ; to concert or contrive, bring 
to pass. II covcerte nuxl ses desseijis, he does 
not lay his designs deep enough 

Concerto, s. m. concerto. 

Concession, kon-s^-siora, s. f. concession 

Concessionnaire, kon-s?-s?o-nir, s. m 

Concetti, s. m. witty conceits. 

CoNCEVABLE, kons-vcibl, adj. conceiva- 
ble, to be conceived or understood. Un pre- 
cede si peu concevable, so unaccountable a 

Concevoir, kons-vwir, v. a. to conceivf 
with youn^, to breed ; apprehend, compre 
hend or understand, frame an idea ; to take or 
entertain an aversion for ; to word or set 
down in writing, express. Concevoir de Ves 
perixiice, to indulge a hope. 

*Conche, s. f state of garb or of equipage ; 
also second reservoir in salt marshes. 

CoNCHOtDE, s. f conchoid, a curve. 

CoNCHiLioLOGiE, s. f that part of natural 
history which treats of shells. 

Conchytes, s. f pi. petrified shells. 

Concierge, kora-s?5rz, s. m. & f. keeper 
(of a great house, prison. He.) 

Conciergerie, ko7j-si?rt-rl, s. f keeper's 
place, keeper's lodgings; prison. 

CoNciLE, kor/-slI, s. m. council, general 
assembly of divines. 

CoNc'iLiABULE, kon-s!-lft-bfil, s. m. con- 
venticle ; assembly of divines not of the ca- 
tholic church. 

CoNciLiANT, E, kon-sl-l?-^n, knX, adj. con- 
ciliating, reconciling. 

CoNciLiAT-EUR, RICE, kon-s?-H-i-t^ur, 
tr?s, s. m. & f reconciler. 

Conciliation, ko7i-s?-lM-s!on, s. f. con- 
ciliation, reconciling. 

CoNciLiER, kon-sl-Hil, V. a. to conciliate, 
reconcile, accord, make to agree. Se conci- 
Her, V. r. to conciliate, win, procure or gain. 

CoNcis, E, kon-sJ, slz,adj. concise, short, 
succinct, brief. 

Concision, s. f concision, conciseness. 

CoNciTOTEN, NE, kon-s!-twi-y?n, yin, s. 
m. &. f fellow citizen. 
Conclave, ko?i-kliv, 3. m. conclave. 
CoNCLAViSTE,ko7i-kl&-v?st,s.m. conclavist. 
CoNCLO, E, adj. concluded, etc, 
CoNCLURE.koM-klilir, v. a. see the table at 
dure; to conclude ; finish, end, close ; to re- 
solve up)on, determine ; infer, gather or draw 
a consequence. Conclnre. criminellement con- 
tre quelqu'un, to bring one in guilty, to find 
one guilty. Je conclus a rotre depart, I am 
for your going away. v. n. Ex. Un argument 
qui conclut bien, a concluding or convincing 

CoNCLUsi-F,VE,adi. conclusive, concluding. 
Conclusion, kon-klfl-z?on, s. f conclusion • 
end, close, issue; consequence, inference 




ir, hK{, base : th^re, ^bh, over : field, fig : r6be, r6b, l6r<J : m6od, g6od. 

Conc/iisions, (in Ian ) demands. Co7iclusions 
des gens du red, the opinion of the king's 
counsel and attorney-general. Conclusion, 
adv. to conclude, in short. 

Concoction, kon-k5k-s?on, s. m. concoc- 
tion, digestion. 

CoNCOMBRE, kon-konbr, s. f. cucumber. 

Concomitance, kon-k6-mi-it«s, s. f. con- 

concomitant, concurrent. 

Concordance, kon-k6r-d^ns, s. f. con- 
cordance ; agreement, relation ; (oflheBi- 
/6&) a concordance. 

Concordat, kon-kSr-di, s. m. concordate, 
agreement, compact. 

Concorde, ko«-k5rtl, s. f. concord, union, 
good understanding. Mettre la concorde en- 
tre les ennemis, to reconcile enemies. 

CoNcoRDER, V. n. to agree, be agreed. 

CoNcouhiR,kon-kfto-rir,v. n. (like courw) 
to concur, conspire, help ; to be a competitor. 
Stand in competition, set up or put in ; to 
meet {'0/ lines.) 

CoNcouhs, kon-k6or, s. m. concurrence; 
concourse, resort ; meeting. 

CoNCRET, E, adj. concrete, not abstract. 

CONc r£ti ON , kort-krit-s!on, s. f. concretion. 

C0N9U, X, adj. conceived. V. Conrevoir. 

CoNtUEiNAGE, ko7t-H-bI-n2i2, s. m. con- 
cubinage, fornication. 

Con cr BIN AIRE, kon-Kl-b!-n^r, s. m. one 
that keeps a concubine. 

Concubine, kon-Afi-Mn, s. f. concubine, 

Concupiscence, kon-W-pf-si»JS, s. f. con- 
cupiscence, lust. 

CoNcupisciBLZ, kon-ifl-pl-s!bl, adj. con- 

CoNCURREMMENT, kow-Jtfl-rS-m^w, adv. 
in competition ; a/so jointly, together, hand in 

Concurrence, ko7i-^-r^,s. f. compe- 
tition ; also concurrence, union, conjunction. 
Je te doTinerai jusqu'a. la concurrence de milk 
icvLs, I shall give thee as much as comes to a 
thousand crowns. 

Concurrent, E, kon-ifl-rfei, r^t, s. m. 
&. f. competitor, rival. 

Concussion, kon-M-sioM, s. f. extortion ; 

CoNcussiONNAiRE, kon-^A-s?S-n^r, s. m. 

CoNPAMNABLE, kon-di-niW, adj. guilty, 
blameable, to blame. 

Condamnation, kow-di-ni-s!oH,s. f. con- 
demnation. Je passe condamnalion, I con- 
fess 1 am in the m rong. 

CoNDAMNER, kow-di-n?i, V. a. to cast one 
at law, find guilty ; to condemn, blame, dis- 
approve ; (in gaming) to give judgment. 
Condanmer (une -parte, unefenetre,) to shut up 
w nail fast. Condamner qiielquhtn a la mort, 
to condemn one to die, sentence him to death. 
Condamner par conttimace, to outlaw. Con- 
damner a une amende, to fine. Condamner 
les sabords d'un vaisseoM, to caulk up a ship's 

Condensation, kon-d^n-si-slon, s. f. con- 
densation, making thick. 

Condenser, kon-d^n-sa, v. a. to conden- 
sate, condense thicken. Se condenser, v. r. 
to condensate or condense, gel oandensed. 

Condescendakce, kow-cie-spw-dPTis, s. £ 

condescension, complaisance or compliance. 

CoNDKSCENDANT, E, kon-di-skn-tH-n. dent, 

adj. condescending, complaisant, complying. 

CONDESCEKDRE, ko7i-dd-s^wdr, V. a. to 
condescend, comply, submit or yield. Jl nous 
faut condescendre a ktir /dblense, we must 
bear with theirweakness. 

CoNDisciPLE, kon-di-sipl, s. m. condjsci- 
ple, fellow-student, class-mate. 

Condition, koK-di-sio«, s. f. condition, 
state, nature, circumstance ; condition, sta- 
tion ; quality, degree; place, employment, 
office, service ; article, clause, proviso ; terms ; 
offer, proffer. A condition, upon conditio!^ 
conditionally. A coiiditio7t que, pro\ ided ihaC 

CoNDiTJONNi, E, ko7i-di-slft-n&, adj. con- 
ditional. Marcluindise bien conditiormee, good, 
marketable, merchantable tn sound commo- 

Conditionnel, LE, ko«-d!-si&-n?l, adj. 
conditional. Le conditionnel, the conditiona. 

Conditionnellement, kow-d?-si6-ni.- 
min, adv. conditionally, upon condition, with 
a proviso. 

a tiling what it should be. V. Conditionne. 
( Opposer des conditions a vn control, a un 
marche,) to article, make a clause cr proviso. 

CONDOL^-ANCE, ko7«-d6-l&-^S, S. f. COB 

dolence, condoling, condolement. Faire un 
compliment de condoleance a qnelqu'nn, to con- 
dole with one. 

Condor, s. m. a large bird of Peru. 

*CoNDOULOiR, se condouloir, v. r. (only 
used in the infiuit.) to condole. Je suis venu 
me condouloir arec rwis de la perte qve rims 
(Tcez faite, I am come to condole your loss. 

CoNDt;cT-EUR, RICE, kow-dfik-t^nr, tr!s, 
s. m. & f. leader, guide, conductor. Con- 
ducteur de la jeunesse, governor or tutor or 
overseer of youth. 

Conduction, s. f. the act of taking on lease. 

CoNDuiRE, ko«-d61r,v.a. (see the table at 
uire) to conduct, lead, guide, bring or carry ; 
also to drive ; to convey (water ;) to manage 
or carry on (a business ;) to be surveyor or 
overseer of, to lead, command, bead, have 
the conduct or command of; to tutor, bring or 
train up ; (the conscience) to direct ; (the ac- 
tions) to order ; (the hand) to guide or hold ; 
to wait on, to go along with. H me conduisit 
de I'eeil, he looKed which way I went. Con- 
duire, v. a. JMar. to carry, lead. Se conduire, 
v. r. to carry or behave one's self; aUoio 
find one's way. Cet aveugle se conduit fort 
bien lui-mime arec son bdlon, that blind man 
finds his way very well with his stick. Je 
vans apprendrai a vous mieux conduire, i 
shall teach you better manners. 

Conduit, e, adj. conducted, etc. 

Conduit, kow-dfii, s. m. conduit, passage 
or pipe. Smif -conduit. V. Savf. 

CoNDUiTE,ko«-dfi?t,s. f. conduct; manage- 
ment ; command ; care, tuition or government; 
behaviour, deportment, way ; forecast, dis- 
cretion, wisdom, prudence ; (of a play} 
©economy, order; aqueduct, set of pipes for 
conveying water from one place to another; 
(argcU que I'on donne a un matelot cm a un 
soldat pour faire sa route) conduct money. 
I Condyle, s. m. prommetu.'c of the jowtft, 1 




bise, bftt : j^iiue, mSute, beurre : btihnl, c^nt, liln ; vin ; mon .• brun. 

CowDYLoME, s. m. sort of excrescence. 

Cone, k6n, s. m. cone. 

Confabulation, kon-fl-b&-li-sion, s. f. 

CoNFABULEU, kow-fi-bfl-li, V. n. to con- 
fabulate, talk together. 

Confection, koK-f?k-s?on, s.f. confection ; 
(of chyle) making- ; completing or finishing. 

CoNFEDERATi-F, VE, adj. relating to 

Confederation, kon-fa-da-r<i-s!on, s. f. 
confederacy, confederation, league, alliance. 

CoNFEDiR^, E, adj. confederate. Les 
confederes, the confederates or allies. 

CoNFfo^RER, (se) sl-kon-f^-dli-ri. v.r. 
to confederate, unite in a confederacy. 

Conference, ko/t-f^-r^ws, s, f. confer- 
ence, talking together, parley ; conferring or 

CoNFiKER, ko7i-f^-ri, V. n. to confer ; dis- 
course or talk together. Cortferer, v. a. to 
confer, collate, give or bestow ; to confer or 
compare. Conferer les ordres a quelqu'un, 
to admit one into orders. 

*CoNFESSE, E, adj. that has confessed his 

CoNFESSE, kon-fis, s. f. confession. AUer 
h confesse, to go to confession. 

CoNFEssER, kow-fS-sS, V. a. to confess, 
acknowledge, own or allow ; hear one's con- 
fession. Se confesser, v. r. to confess one's 

CoNFESSEUR, ko«-l?-s^ur, s. m. confessor. 

Confession, kon-f?-sfow, s. f. confession, 

CoNFESSioNNAL, kon-f?-s?fl-n?ll, s. m. 
confessional, confessionary, confession -chair. 

CoNFiANCE, kon-tlhis, s. f. confidence, 
reliance, trust, hope ; boldness, hardihood. 

CoNFi ANT, E, Ko?j-f!-^n, int, adj. & s. m. 
& f. confident, sanguine. Les dpfians el Us 
conjians, the diffident and the confident or 

Confidemment, kon-fl-di-mfet, adv. in 
confidence, confidently, boldly. 

Confidence, ko«-ff-dins, s. f. confidence, 
intimacy. Etre dans la confidence de quel- 
qu'un, \o be one's confident, Be intimate with 
one. Dire en confidence, to tell as a secret. 
Faire confidence d'une chose a qmlqu'un, to 
trust a secret with one, to impart a secret to 
one. Conjidence d'un bemlfice, keeping of 
a benefice for another. 

Confident, e, kon-f?-d^«, d^nt, s. m. & 
f. confident, trusty friend. 

Confidektiaire, kon-f!-d3n-slir, s. m. 
keeper of a benefice for another. 

Confidentiel, le, adj. confidential. 

Confidentiellement, adv. confiden- 

CoNFiER,ko«-ffS, V. a. to intrust, commit to 
the hands and charge of, put in trust with. 
Se conjitr, v. r. to trust, put or repose one's 
trust or confidence in, confide, rely or depend 

Conficdratiok, kon-fl.g4-ri-8!on, s. f. 

Configurer, V. a. to configure. 

Con FINER, kon-fi-ni, ^ or nvec, v. n. to 
border upon. Conjiner dans, ^ , a. to confine, 
to shut up in. Se conjiner v r. to confine 
*e's self, shut one's self up 

Confins, kon-fln, s. m. pi. confines, fron» 
tiers, borders. 

CoNFiRE, kon-flr,v. a. to preserve, pickJe. 
Confire une peau, to dress a sKin. 

CoNFiRMATi-F, VE, ko»t-t'?r-m^-l!f, tlv, 
adj. that confirms, confirming, confinRalory 

Confirmation, ko7i-f}r-m5,-slon, s.f. con 

CoNFiRMER, kon-f?r-ma, v.a. to confirm 
Se confirmer, v. r. to strengthen, gain strength. 
Cette nouvelle se confrme, that news is con- 
CoNFiscABi.E,kon-f!s-kibl, adj. forfeitable. 

CoNFiscANT, E, adj. liable to confiscation 
or forfeiture. 

Confiscation, kon-f!s-ki-s!on, s. f. ci i- 
fiscation, forfeiture, forfeited gocds. 

CoNFisEU-R, SE, kon-f?-z^ur, z^uz^ S. Hi. 
&. f. confectioner. 

CoNFisQuf, E, adj. confiscated, forfeited ; 
seizefl upon, llesl conjsquej he is a dead man. 

CoNFis^UER, ko'ii-fls-lA, v. a. to confis- 
cate, seize upon or take away as forfeited. 

CoNFiT, E, adj. preserved, seasoned, pick- 
led. Conjit en devotion, extremely devout. 

CoNFiTEOR, s. m. a prayer among Romaa 
Catholics beginning with the word cotifite>v. 
Dire son confileor, to make an acknowledg- 
ment of one's faults. 

Confiture, kon-fJ-tir, s. f. comfit, comfit- 
ure, sweetmeat. 

Confiturier, e, kon-fi-tfi-rT&, ri^, s. m. 
&. f. confectioner. 

Conflagration, kon-fil-gHL-sIon, t. f. 

Conflans, V. Confluent. 

CoNFLiT, kora-fli, s. m. conflict, contest. 

Confluent, ko/j-flfi-^, s. m. confluence, 
influx or fall of one river into another. Pe- 
tite i^^role conjluimte, sort of small pox which 
shows itself very thick. 

Confondre, kon-fondr, v. a. to confound ; 
jumble, mix, blend, mingle or huddle toge- 
ther, perplex ; conftite, puzzle ; abash, put out 
of countenance, dismay, make ashamed. 

CoNFONUU, E, adj. confounded, etc. 

Conformation, kon-f5r-mi-sion, s. f. 
conformation, disposition. 

CoNFORME, kon-fdrm. adj. conformed, 
conformable, agreeable, like, congruous, con- 

CoNFORM^MENT, kon-(3r-m^-m?n, adv, 
conformably, agreeably, suitably. 

CoNFORMER, kon-fSr-m&, v. a" to conform, 
suit, frame, square or fashion, make like. 
Seconformer a, to conform one's self to, com- 
ply with. 

CoNFORMiSTE, kon-fSr-mlst, s. m. & f. 

Conformity, kon-(3r-m?-t?l, s. f. confor- 
mity, agreeableness, resemblance, likeness.; 
submission, compliance. 

*CoNF0RT, s. m. comfort, aid, assistance. 

CoNFORTATi-F, VE, kon-f8r-ta-tif, tlv, 
adj. strengthening, comforting. 

Con KORTATioN, kon-fflr-li-s!on, s. f, cor 
roboration, strengthening.^ 

CoNFORTER,Kon-fSr-ta. v. a. to comfort, 
strengthen, corroborate, cheer up 

CoNFRATERNiTE, kon-fri-iSr-cT-ti, s. f. 
fi-aternity, society. 

Con FRiRE, kon-frir, s. m. fellow-memDe", 




bir,blt,b&se: th^re,§bb,ovlr: field, Hg : r6be, rSb, 18rd : ni6od, gflod. 

Con FR ERIE, kon-frk-r\, s. f. fraternity, 
brotherhood, society. 

Confrontation, kon-fron-ti-sion, s. f. 
confrontation m confronting, comparing, con- 
ferring, collation. 

CoNFRONTER, ko7i-fro«-t^, V. a. to con- 
front ; bring face to face with the prisoner ; to 
compare or confer. 

CoNFUs, E,kon-ffl, fiz, adj. confounded, 
confused, etc. V. ConJ'ondu, confounded, 
ashamed, out of countenance, abashed; per- 
plexed, confused, dark. Miroir qvifait voir 
tout canfus, dull looking-glass that does not 
show the omect clear. 

CoNFUSEMENT, kon-ffi-si-m^, adv. con- 
fusedly, without order, higgledy-piggledy, in 
a jumble, indistinctly. 

Confusion, kon-f3-z?on, s. f. confusion, 
disorder, mixture, jumble ; trouble ; shame, 
blushing, deal, store, abundance. 

En cwifmivTt, adv. confusedly, without or- 
der ; also in abundance. Vous me donnez de 
ia confusion, you make me ashamed or make 
me blush. 

'CoNFUTATiONjS. f. Confutation. 

•CoNFUTER, ete. V. Refuter. 

Conge, s. m. that measure called by the 
Romans congius 

CoNci, kon-t&, s. m. leave, permission, 
licence ; discharge ; furlough ; play-day or 
holy-day ; permit, licence ; dismission. Pren- 
dre cmigi de quelqu'un, to take leave of one, 
bid one farewell. Donnercong^ a son domes- 
tiqve, to dismiss a servant. Donner congl a 
son locataire, to give a lodger warning to re- 
move. Mar. pass or pass-port. 

CoNGEDiER, kon-i^-diS, V. a. to dismiss, 
discharge, send away. Considier des troupes, 
to disband soldiers. CungMier quelqu'un, to 
forbid one the house. CongMier I'equipage 
cTun batiment. Mar. to pay off a ship's com- 

CoNGiLATiOH, kon-ii-Ii-sJoji, 8. f. Con- 
gealing Or congelation. 

CoNGEi.ER, kon^-lli, V. a. to congeal or 
freeze. Se congeler, v. r. to congeal, gel 

CoNciNiRE, adj. congenerous, of the 
same kind. 

Congestion, Von-zh-'ion, s. f. congestion, 
mass or gathering. 

Congiaire, s. m. congiarj-. 

Cokglo RATION, kon-glft-bi-s!on, s. f. con- 
pflobation, a multiplying of arguments and 

CoNGLOBf , E^ adj. conglobate. 

CoNGLOMiRE, E, adj. Conglomerate. 

CoNGLOMiRER, V. a. to Conglomerate. 

Conglutination, kon-gl&-9-n^-slon, s. f. 

CoNGLUTiNER, kon-glB-tl-ni, V. a. to con- 
gliUinate or glue. 

CONGRATIJLATION, koJl-gri-tfl-l^-slon, 8. 

f. congratulation, wishing joy, rejoicing with 

CoNGRATULER, kon-gri-tfl-lSi, V. a. to 

congratulate, wish joy. 
CoNGRE, kongr, s. m. conger (sort of eel.) 
CoNGR:£AGE,s.m. Mar. keckling, worming. 
CoNGREER, V. a. to worm (a rope,) to kec- 

kle (a cable.) 
Conor£ganiste, s. m. ds f. belonging to 

a coDgr^aiioQ. 

Congregation, koH-gra-gi-sion, s. f 
congregation, assembly. 

Congres, kon-gr^, s. m. congress. 

CoNGRu, E, ko7t-gra, gru, adj. competent, 
sufficient, apt, fit, congruous. Oraison con- 
grue,, regular, proper or congruoui 
speech. Portion congrue, competent allow- 

•Congruent, E,adj. congruent. 

Congruit£, s. f. congruity. 

CoNGRUMENT, kow-grfi-m^n, adv. con 
gruously, exactly, properly, regularly. 

Conjectural, e, kon-zik-iik-ril, adj 


m?n, adv. by guess or conjecture. 

Conjecture, ko«-i?k-tir,s.f. conjecture 
guess, probable opinion, supposition. 

CoNjECTURER, kon-zSk-ti-r^, v. a. to 
conjecture, guess or suppose. 

CoNiFERE, adj. coniferous. 

CoHjoiNDRE, koM-2wi7(dr, v. a. (see the 
table at oindre) to conjoin, join together. 

Conjoint, e, adj. conjoined, joined to- 

CoNJOiNTEMENT, ko7i-2wint-m?7i, adv. 
jointly, together. 

CoNJONCTi-F, VE, koM-zonk-tlf, tiv, adj 
conjunctive. V. Bvbjanctif; for many, instead 
of J A mode subjonclif, say Lemode Conjonctif. 

CosjONCTioN, kon-ionk-sTon, s. f. con- 

CoNJONCTivE,s. f. conjunction (in gram- 
mar;) also white of the eye. 

CoNJONCTURE, kon-zonk-tif, s. f. junc- 
ture, conjuncture. 

*CoNJouiR, (se) v. r. to rejoice with one, 
wish one joy, congratulate one. 

*CoNjouissANCE, s. f. wishing joy, con- 
gratulation. Leltre de conjcfuissance, con- 
gratulatory letter. 

CoNiQUE, kfl-n!k, adj. conical. 

CoNjuGAisoN, kon-zti-gi-zim, s. f. conju- 

Conjugal, e, kon-«fl-gil, adj. conjugal 

Conjugalement, kon-zfl-gil-m^, adv. 
coiyugally, in a conjugal manner. 
Con JUGUER, kon-zii-g\, v. a. to conjugate. 
Conjurateur, kon-ifl-rS-t?ur, s. m. con- 
spirator, plotter ; also conjurer. 

Conjuration, kon-zfl-r5-sIon, s. f.plot, 
conspiracy ; conjuration, charm ; exorcism ; 
prayer, entreaty. 

Conjur£, koOT-zfl-r^, s, m. plotter, conspi- 

Conjurer, kon-ifl-ra, v. n. & a. to plot, 
conspire ; to conjure, earnestly entreat or de- 
sire, to conjure, exorcise, cast out or lay spirits. 

CoNNi:TABLE, kft-n^-t^bl, s. m. high con- 
stable of France ; constable. 

Conn^table, s. f. Madame la connitable, high 
constable's wife. 

CoNN^TABLiE, s. f. high constable's juHs- , 

CoNNEXE,kft-n?ks, adj. connected, joined, 
tied, linked together, relating. 

Connexion, k6-ii^k-s?on, or Connkxit:^ 
s. f. connexion, coherence, relation. 

CoNNiL, s. m. cony, rabbit. 

*CoNNiLLER,v. n. to shift, use shifts,dodge. 

*CoNNiLLiiRE, s. f. shift, subtcrfugc. 

CoNNiN. V. Ctmnil 




buse, but : j^uue, m^ule, biurre : infam, cint. Jiin ; vin ; mon ; bruw. 

Connivence, k6-ni-v^7is,s. f. connivance, 
•'inking at. 

CoNNiVER, kS-nl-vi, v. n. to connive, to 
wiuk at, take no notice of. 

CoNNOJSSABLE, k&-ii^-sibl, adj. that ma^ 
be known. II n'est pas connousable, he is 
quite another man. 

CoANoissANCE, kS-n^-si/w, s. f know- 
ledge, intelligence, notion; cognizance; ac- 
quaintance; senses, wit, judgment; carnal 
knowledge, copulation ; trial or hearing ; (iks 
cutes)(lrA»gh\s; (in linnting) marks, traces, 
tracks. Prendre ccmnoi&aaTwe d'une chose, to 
take notice of a thing. Prendre contwissance 
des actions de qiielqwun, to have an eye on 
one's actions, examine them. Prendre con- 
noissance d'unproces, to hear a cause in order 
to determine it. Faire connoissance avec 
queliju^uH, to get acquainted or scrape an ac- 
quamtance with one. II a une grande connois- 
sance des tableaux, des pierreries, etc. he is a 
preat conuoisseur in pictures, jewels, etc. 
Perdre connoissance, to lose one's senses. Con- 
noissances, belles connoissances, knowledge, 
learning, light Juger des chases par ses pro- 
pres connoissances, to judge of things by one's 
own light. 

Contwissance de temps, Mar. Ephemeris, 
nautical almanack. Ce Jour-la nous eOtmes 
connoissance du Cap- Verd, that day we dis- 
covered the Cape Vcrd. Prendre connois- 
sance lie terre, to make tlie land distinctly. A 
la voile que porte le general, il veut prendre 
connoissatice de terre a^xint la nuit, by the sail 
the admiral carries, he wishes to make the 
land before night 

CoNNoissA.NT, E, adj. knowing 


bill of lading. 

E, act). I 
T, ko-ni 

.&-m27j, s. m. Mar. 

CoNKOissEU-R, SE, k5-n?-s2ur, s^uz,s. m. 
& f. connoisseur, judge, skilful or knowing 

CoNNOiTRE, k5-n^tr, v. a. (see the table 
at oitre) to know or understand ; to know, be 
acquainted with ; to know, have a carnal 
knowledge of; to admit, own; totakecogniz- 
ance or be a judge of. Faire connoitre, don- 
ner a connoitre, to make known, give to un- 
derstand, also to show, argue, prove or make 
appear. Se faire connoitre, to make one's 
self known. Se connoitre a..., to have skill 
in, understand. Se connoitre ait goiit des 
viandes. to have a good palate for tasting 
meat. Tl a des snblilites oii Vcn ne cnnnoit 
rien, he has Such cunning fetches as are im- 

CoNNu, E, ;idj. known, understood, €fc. 

Co VOID A L, E, adj. conoidical. 

CoNotDE, s, m. conoid. 

CosquE, kortk, s. f. conch, shell, sea-shell. 
Les Tritons enjloieid leurs conqnes marines, 
the Tritons blew their conchs or marine trum- 

CONQIJERANT, E, koTi-^-r^Ti, tint, s. m. 
&. f. conqueror, subduer. ^ 

CoNqu^RiR, kor(-fca-r?r, v. a. (see the ta- 
ole ^Iqiterir) to conquer, subdue, bring under, 
gain or get. II conquit la Normandie siir les 
Anglais, he took or recovered Normandy 
from the English. 

CoNqij^T, kon-kk, s. m. (inlaw) purchase 
made during the community betwixt the hus- 
oand aju) ivife. 


CoNquixK, kon-Ait, s. f. conquest. 

*Con(iu£ter, V. Conqnerir. 

CoNQUis, E, adj. conquered. 

Consacrant, adj. &, s. m. consecrating, 

Consacr£, e, adj. consecrated, etc. Mots 
consacres, words consecrated or appropriated 
to some particular use or signification. 

Cossacker, kon-si-krSi, v. a. to conse- 
crate or hallow, to dedicate or devote ; to sa- 
crifice ; bestow ; to determin<! a proper and 
particular signification for (a word.) 

CoNSANGuiN, E, adj. consangumeous, by 
the father's side. 

CoNSANGUiN, kon-sbn-g'm, s. m. half bro- 
ther by the father's side. 

CoNSANGUiNiTE, kon-s^-gft!-n?-t2i, s. f. 
consanguinity, kindred by blood. 

Conscience, kow-s?<^ns, s. f. conscience; 
consciousness. Faire conscience d'une chose, 
to make conscience or scruple of, to scruple. 
En conscience, in conscience, upon one's con- 
science, indeed. 

CoNsciENCiEUSEMENT, kon-sUn-stiuz- 
mhi, adv. conscientiously, conscionably, with 
a good conscience. 

CoNsciENciEU-x, SE, ko7^-s^^^-siiu, sliiiz, 
adj. conscientious, conscionable. 

Conscription, s. f. conscription. 

Conscrit, s. m. conscript. 

CoNsicRlTEUR, koH-sa-kr^-t^ur, s. m. 

CoNsicRATiOK, kon-s?i.-krS.-s?on, s. f. con- 

CoNs£cuTi-F, VE, kon-s^-kfl-llf, tlv, adj. 
consecutive, one after another. 

CoNsicuTivEMENT, ko/t-sa-kfl-lJv-m&j, 
adv. consecutively. 

CoNSEiL, kon-sil, s. m. counsel or advice; 
resolution, course ; counsel, {at tatv) counsel- 
lor ; council ; council-board. Cmiseil de 
guerre, council of war, court-martial. 

CoNSEiLLER, kon-si-lk, v. a. to advise, 
give afivice, counsel. 

CoNSEiLLER, E, kon-s^-lk, l^r, s. m. & f. 
counsellor, adviser ; judge. Conseiller du roi 
dans son conseil priv^, one of his maiesty's 
most honourable privy council. Conseiller 
des graces, looking-glass. 

CoNSENTANT, E, kow-s^n-t^w, ihii. adj. 
consenting, willing. Je suis consentant a tout, 




CoNSENTEMENT, korfshni-min. s. m. con- 
sent ; approbation, assent ; accord, agreement. 
D'un commun cjnserUement, with one accord, 

CoNSENTiR, kow-s^-t1r, v. n. (like Sentir) 
to consent, yield, be willing, approve, aCTee. 
Consentir, Mar. to spring. Notre mat de 
beauprd a consenii, we have sprung our bow- 
sprit or our bowsprit is sprung. Faire con- 
sentir un mdt or une vergne, to spring a mast 
or yard. 

CoNSEQiTEMMENT, kofi-s^-ki-m&i, adv, 

CoNsiquENCE, koM-si-kins, s. f. conse- 
quence ; also sequel. Tirer une chose h con- 
sequence, to make a precedent of a thing. 

Consequent, e, adj. who reasons or acts 

Consequent, kon-s^-kin, s. m. conse- 
quent (in logic.) 




b^r, bit, bise : thire, ^bb. ov§r : iJeld, fig : n!.be, r85, I6rd : w6od, gfiod. 

Par cons4<iueiU, adv. consequently, there- 
tare, by consequence. 

CoNSEKVAT-EUR, RICE, kon-s^r-\i-t?ur, 
trfs, s. m. & f. conservator, defender, preser- 
Ter, maintainer, protector, protectress, keep- 
er, saviour. 

CoNSERYATioN, kow-s^r-va-s?on, s. f. con- 
servation, preservation, keeping, maintaining. 

Conservatoire, adj. conser\atory. 

Conservatoire, s. m. conservator)- a 
place where any thing is kept. 

Conserve, ko«-s§rv,s. f. conserve, comfit. 
Cmisen-e.1, sort of spectacles. 

Conserve or vaisseau de conserre, Mar. con- 
sort ; tender. Nmis jterdimes de rue notre 
eonstrve j^endant treis ievrs, we lost sight of 
our consort for tlirec days. Virisseait & con 
seme, convoy. Alter de cwwerw, to keep com- 
pany together. 

CfoNSERVER, ko7i-s^r-vSl, v. a. to conserve, 
preserve, keep, defend or maintain. Se con- 
server, V. r. to keep ; also to take care of 
one's self, miml one's health. 

Conserver, v. a. Mar. to keep, etc. C»n- 
server A vne un b&timera, to keep sight of a 
▼essel. Ce raisseau-la conserve long-temps 
scm air, that ship holds her way a long time. 
En conservanl le chateau au nord-nord-est, 
nous consenvrons le mente hrassiage, keeping 
the castle at north-north-east, we shall keep 
the same depth of water. 

CoNsiDENCE, s. f. Subsiding* sinking. 

Considerable, ko^i-sT-d^-ribl, adj. con- 
siderable, remarkable, notable, noted, of note. 
11 est considerable a la reine pmtr les services 
qu'il hti a rendxis, the queen values him for 
the services he has done her. 

adv. considerably, much, notably. 
CoNsiDERANT, adj. circumspect, regardful. 
CoNSiD^RANT, s. m. remark, reflection. 
Consideration, kow-sJ-da-rS-slon, s. f 
consideration ; viewing, Reconsideration, re- 
flection, thought, meditation ; ciscumspection, 
considerateness, prudence, discretion ; regard, 
esteem, respect ; note, merit, worth, account ; 
consequence, importance, moment, weight ; 
account, sake, reason, motive. 

CoNsiDERE,E, adj. looked upon, held in 
consideration, etc. II est le phis consider^ de 
la cour, he is the chief man at court. 

Con8id:^rement, ko7»-sJ-d&-rS-m^, adv. 
considerately, advisedly, discreetly, circum- 
^ctly, prudently. 

CoNSiDERER, kow-s!-dil-r&, V. a. to consi- 
der ; to view, behold, look or gaze upon ; to 
take into consideration, mind, think of, medi- 
tate upon ; to esteem , respect or regard, have 
an esteem or respect for. 

CoNsiGNATAiRE, kow-sT-gni-ttr, s. m. 

Consignation, ko«-s!-gni-slon, s. f. de- 
positing, committing of a thing to one's keep- 
ing, in trust ; also thmg deposited, trust. Les 
eonsignations or le bureau des consignations, 
public office for receiving money deposited 
by legal authority. 

CoNsiGNE, kon-sign, s. f. the order given 
to a sentinel by the officer who stations 

Consigner, ko«-s1-gnii, v. a. to deposite, 
consign, leave in trust ; also to give an order 
to a sentinel. 

I CoNsisTANCE, koB-s!s-tte, s. f. consisicnte 
or thickness ; continuance, firmness, stability, 
stableness, settled condition, steadiness ; soh- 
dity ; extent and nature and privileges (of an 
estate.) Savez votts quelle fid la ctntsistance 
de la monarehie sotis Francois I? do you 
know how the monarchy stood under Francis 
1 ? A^e de consistance, constant or middle 
a^e. Je n'etois jms alms en trop bonne coa- 
sistance, I was not then very well. 

CoNsisTANT, E, adj. Consisting. 

CoNsiSTER. ko7i-s?s-ti, v. n. to consist. 

CoNsisTOiRE,ko«-ils-lwir,s.m. consistory. 

CoNsisTORiAL, E, ko»-sIs-t&-rlal, adj. COB- 


adv. in a consistory, in a consistorial form or 

that may be comforted, capable of consola- 
tion or comfort. 

CoNsoLANT, E,koM-s3»-l^, l^nt, adj. con- 
soling, comfortable, that comforts. 

CossoLAT-EUH, HieE,kon-s6-E-t^r,tr!s, 
s. m. & f comforter. 

CoNSOLATi-i' , vE, adj. consolatory, tend- 
ing to give comfort. 

Consolation, ko»-s&-li-s?on, .s.f. comfort, 

CoNSOLAToiRE, koa-sd-A-tw4r, adj.ctm? 
solatory, comforting. 

Console, ko«-s5l, s. f. corbel, console, 
shouldering-piece (in masonry ;) bracket (in 

CoNsoLi, E, adj. consoled, comfortea 
that has recei ved com fort. J' en svis tout con- 
sole, it troubles or affects me no more, I do 
not matter it. 

Consoler, ko«-sA-l&, v. a. to comfort, give 
comfort, console, ease the grief of. Qm nt 
se. peui consoler, inconsolable, incapable of 
comfort. II se console aisement de la mort de 
sa/emme, be is not much troubled at the loss 
of his wife. 

CoNSOLiDANT, E, s. & 3^. consolidant, 
that has the quality of uniting wounds. 

Consolidation, ken-sfi-li-dl-sIo», s. £ 

CoNsoLiDER, kow-s3-l?-d?i, V. a. to conso- 
lidate, heal or close op, strengthen. Conso- 
lider I'usufrnit h la propriety, to consolidate or 
unite the profit with the property. 

Consommateur, kon-sOm-m&-t^ur, s. m. 
consumer, finisher. 

CONSOMMATION, kow-s6-mi-S?07J, S. f.CODr 

summation, accomplishing, perfiection, end ; 
consumption [of food, etc.) 

Consomme, e, adj. consummated, con- 
summate, perfected, accomplished ; perfect, 
absolute, complete. Consomme dans les sci- 
ences, deeply learned. 

Consomme, kon-s5-mS, s. m. jelly broth. 

CoNSOMMER, kon-sd-mS, v. a. to consum- 
mate, make up or finish, • ccomplish or com- 
plete, make an end of ; to consume or waste : 
to expend. Faire coHSommer de la viande, ta 
boil meat to rags. 

CoNsoMPTi-F, VE, adj. consumptive. 

Consomption, ko»-so^p-slorj, s. f. con- 
sumption, wasting ; the consumption. 

CoNsoNNANCE, kow-sft n^s, s. f. conso- 
nance, harmony ; also rhyme. 

CoNSOXNANT, a^. Consonant. 




b6se, b&t : jiune, mJtite, bSurre ; irifint, c^t, liSra : vin .- mon ; brun. 

OossoNNE, kort-s6n, s. f. &. adj. cousouant. 
Leltre corisoyim, consonant. 

CoxsoRT, kon-sdr,s. m. partner, associate. 

CossouDE, s f. comfrey (ont herb.) 

CosspiftATEUR,ko7ts-pi-ri-t&ir,s.m. plot- 
ter, consinrator. 

CoNSPiKATioN, ko«s-pl-ra-s?o«, 8. f. plot, 
conspiracy, combination. 

CoNSPiRER, koHS-pi-r^, V. n. &. a. to con- 
Bfjire, plot, agree together. 

CosspuF.R, koRS-pfi-a, v. a. to spit upon, 
liold iu the greatest oontempt. 

OjnsTamment, ko7is-ta-ni^n, adv. con- j a poem, to jrder its divers parts. 

slantly, with constancv, firmly, steadfastly, 
stoutly, resolutely, wiifi resolution; certainly. 

Constance, kozis-t^ns, s. f. constancy, 
firmness, steadfastness, steadiness, persever- 

Constant, e, koni-\kn,\kn\., adj. constant ; 
firm, resolute ; steadfast, persevering, steady ; 
fixed, lasting i sure, certain. 

Constatkr, kons-ti-ta, v. a. to prove, ve- 
rify, give uni-ieniable proofs of. 

Constellation, kons-t^l-la-siou, s. f. 

CoNSTELL^, adj. made under a certain 
constellation - 

CoNSTER, ko?is-ta, V. n. imp. to be certain 
«r plain. // conste, it is evident. 

Consternation, kons-t^r-ni-sion, s. f. 

Consterner, kons-t^r-n^, v. a. to asto- 
nish, dismay, afTright, dash, discourage, put 
into consternation. 

Constipation, kon-stl-p4-s?on, s. f. con- 
stipation, cosliveuess. 

Constiper, kons-tl-pa, v. a. to bind or 
make costive, constipate. Les rujks consti- 
pent, medlars are binding. 

Constitc'ant, e, ko7!s-t?-tfi-^«, ^Jt, adj. 
& s. constituent, one that appoints another m 
his or her room. 

CoNSTiTci, E, adj. constituted, appointed, 
etc. Etre Inert constitii^, aroir le corps bien 
constitit/, to be of a good constitution. 

CoNSTiTUER,ko7is-ti-tft-S, v. a. to consti- 
tute, appoint, assign, establish or make ; to 
put or make to consist ; to make up. Con- 
er.ituer en dignite, to raise or prefer to honour. 
Constittier qitelqu'wiprisonvier, to make one 
a prisoner, commit one to prison. Constititer 
en fraig, to put to expense. Comtituer une 
rente w une pension sur tine terre, to settle an 
annuity (rent or pension) upon an estate. 

CONSTITUTI-F, VE, ko7is-tI-tft-tIf, tlv, adj. 

Constitution, kons-t1-t&-R?on, s. f. con- 
BtiUition, form of government, law; composi- 
tion, making up ; temperament ; arrangement, 
order. Constitution de rente or bien a constitu- 
tion, annuity. Empmnteur h constitution de 
rente, borrowerupon annuities. Meltre son ar- 
genlen constitution de revte,\obvy an annuity 
or annuities. A quel denier de constitution 
avez-rous prete votre ardent ? How many 
years purchase nave you given for your an- 
nuity' ? Rentier a constitution, annuitant. 

Constitutions aire, kons-tJ-t6-s!d n^r, 
*. m. &, f. annuitant. 

CoKSTiTUTiONN EL, LE, adj. constitutional. 
CoNSTRicTEUR, s. m. Constrictor. 

Constriction, kows-lrik-s^on, s. f. con- 
Slrjctjon contraction, compression. 

Constringent, e, kons-\.rm-z^, zkni, 
adj. constringent, binding. 
CoNSTRUCTEUR,s.m. builder, ship-builder. 

Construction, kons-trfik-sion, s. f. con- 
struction ; building, framing. Mar. ship build- 
ing, practical part of naval architecture. 
Vaisseaux en constnwtion, new ships building. 
La. constnwtion de San^ est fort estimee, Sane 
is held ill high repute as a ship builder. 

CoNSTRUiRE, kons-trfilr, v. a. (see the ta- 
ble at nire) to build, make, construct ; to con- 
strue. Cotiitniire un poe'me, to frame or build 


t3i, s. f. consubstantiality. 

CONSUBSTANTIEL, LE, koTl-sSbs-t^n-siSl, 

adj. consubstantiaI,of the same substance. 


sl^l-m^w, adv. consubstantially. 

Consul, kon-sfll, s. m. consul. 

CoNSULAi RE, adj. consular, belonging to 
a consul. Famille consulmre, consul's family. 

CoNsuLAiKK, kon-sfi-l^r, s. m. one that 
has been consul. 

CoNsuLAiREMEST, kon-sfi-i^r-m^, adv 
in a consular manner. 

CoNsuLAT, kon-sO-la, s. m. consulate. 

Consultant, e, kon-sfil-t^rt, ihA, adj. & 
s. one who asks counsel or advice ; also one 
who is or may be consulted. Arocat consul- 
tant, chamber-counsel, chamber-counsellor. 

Consultation, kon-sfil-ti-slon, s. f. con- 
sultation, deliberation. 

Consultative, adj. Voix consultative, 
consultative voice. 

Consulter, ko«-sfll-ti, V. a. to consult, 
advise with, take advice of. Consulter sur, 
V. n. to consult or deliberate upon. 

CoNSULTEUR, 6. ni. a doctor appointed by 
the pope to give advice on points of faith and 

CoNsuMAKT, E, adj. Consuming. 

Consumer, ko/i-sO-m^, v. a. to consume, 
destroy-, waste, spend, devour. Se consumer, 
V. r. to waste away, wear out, decay, dimin- 

Contact, kon-t^kt, s. m. contact. 

CoNTAGiEU-x, SE, kon-tS-iieu, ziiui, 
adj. contagious, catching, pestilential. 

Contagion, kotj-t^-zlon, s. f. contagion, 
infection ; cornipiion {o/ manners.) 

Contamination, s. f. contamination, pol- 
lution, defiling. 

CoNTAMiNER, V. a. to Contaminate, pol- 
lute, defile. 

CoNTE,kont, s. m. account, story, relation; 
tale, fable ; idle story, sham, flam. Conte/aU 
a jilaisir, feigned story. V. Compte. 

CoNTi, E, adj. told, reckoned, reputed. 
V. Conter. 

CONTEMPLAT-EOR, RICE, kon-t^-pli- 

t^r, tris, s. m. & f. contemplator. 

CONTEMPLATI-F, VE, kon-t^ra-plJ-tlf, tlVy 

adj. given to contemplation, contemplative. 

Contemplation, ko?i-i^-pIa-s?o». s. f. 
contemplation, speculation, meditation. Em 
contemplation de, in consideration of. 

CoNTEMPLER, kow-t^n-pla, V. a. to con- 
template, take a view of, meditate upon, 
gaze, muse. 

CoNTEMPORAiN, E, kftw-t^n-pS-rin, t^q- 
adj. Si, s. cotcmporary or contemporarv 




"bir.bit,bye: ih^re, ^bb, ovir : field, fig: r6be, rfib, 16rd : in6od,g5od. 

CoNTEMPORAKEiTi, s. f. existence of two 
or several persons at the same time. 

CoNTEMPTEUR, kon-ti«p-t§ur, s. m. con- 
temner, despiser. 

'Contemptible, adj. contemptible, des- 
picable, base. 

CoNTE.VANCE, Icont-n^/js, s. f. countenance, 
posture, looks ; capacity, capaciousness, con- 
tents, largeness, extent. Bonne contenance 
d'tnie annie, good order and disposition of an 
army. Perdre contenance, to be out of coun- 
tenance. Faire bo7me contenance, to be reso- 

CoKTENANT, E, adj. that contains. 

CoNTENANT, s. m. Container. Le conte- 
nant est plus grand que le contetKt, the contain- 
er is greater than the contents. 

CoNTEXDANT, E, koTj-t^n-d^n, d^«t, s. m. 
& f. contending, competitor, rival or candi- 
date. Les parties contendiintcs , the contend- 
ing parties. 

CoNTENiR, kont-nlr, v. a. like <«hV, to con- 
tain ; hold, comprehend or comprise, keep in 
or keep back, keep within bounds, bridle or 
rule. Se contenir, v. r, to forbear jr refrain, 
contain one's self. 

Content, e, kon-t^, t^nt, adj. contented, 
satisfied, pleased ; content, wilfing. 11 est con- 
taU de lui-meme, he has a great conceit of 
himself. Viwe content, to live contentedly. 

Contentement, ko7j-t6nt-m^, s. m. con- 
tent, contentment, pleasure, satisfaction, joy, 
blessing, delight. 

CoNTENTEit, kon-thn-lh, v. a. to content ; 
give content to ; to please, satisfy, humour ; 
pacify ; to pay. Se contenter de, v. r. to be 
contented or well pleased or satisfied with. 

CoNTENTiEU-x, SE, kon-t^n-s?^u, siiuz, 
adj. contentious, litigious, quarrelsome ; a/«o 
that may be contended for or disputed. 

CONTENTIEUSEMENT, kow-t^l-sltuz-m^, 

adv. contentiously. 

Contention, ko«-t^-sJon,s.f. contention; 
debate, strife, dispute, quarrel ; heal, vehe- 
mence, eagerness ; great attention, earnest 
application of mind. 

CoNTENU, E, adj. contained. 

Contenu, kont-n&, s. m. contents. 

CoNTER, ko?i-ta, V. a. to tell, relate or say. 
^ conter, to tell stories, romance. Conter 
des someltes, to tell idle stories. En cmiler ci 
une femme, or lui conter des douceurs or des 
Jleurettes, to cajole or wheedle a woman, en- 
tertain a woman with amorous nonsense or 
with fine amorous expressions. S'en /aire 
cmtter, to entertain a lover, give ear to his 
flattering addresses, love to be cajoled. V. 

Contestable, kon-t&-t4bl, adj. disputa- 
ble, that may be controverted or contended far. 

Contestant, e, adj. contending, thai is 
at law with another. 

Contestation, kon-t?s-t5-slon, s. T con- 
test, debate, controversy, dispute, quarrel. 

*CoKTESTE, kon-t?s"t, s. f. V. Contestation. 

Contester, kon-t^s-la, v. a. to contest, 
contend, dispute or quarrel for, to controvert, 
debate, call or bring in question. 

CoNTEU-R, se. kon-t^ur, t^uz, s. m. & f. 
teller of stories. CorUeur de somettes, teller 
of idle stories. Contenir dejleicrettes, one that 
cajoles 0/- wheedles women, general lover. 
Contexture, kon-tSks-tiir,s- f. contexture. 

Co N TIG u , E, Kon-ti-^fl,^iIi, adj . contiguous, 
adjoining or very near. 

Contiguit£, kon-li-g^-i-ti, s.f. contigui- 
ty, contiguousness. 

Continence, kon-tl-nte,s. f. continency, 
continence, chastity, abstinence from unlawful 
pleasure ; extent, capacity. 

Continent, E, koB-ti-ufei, nkni, adj. coa- 
tinent, sober, chaste, virtuous. 

Continent, kon-ii-n^n, s. m. a conti- 

CONTINGENCE, koM-tin-i^, s. f. ccntiH- 
gency, contiugence, casualty, uncertainty of 

Contingent, e, koM-tin-2^n,2^t, contin- 
gent, accidental, casual. Portion contmgenU, 
share, dividend. 

Contingent, s. m. contingent, share or 

CoNTiNU, E, kon-t]-nfl, nd, adj. continuous, 
close ; continual, continued, incessant, unin- 
terrupted, without intermission. 

CoNTiNU, s. m. close body, a whole. 

CoNTiNUATEUR, kon-li-n&-§i-tSur, s. hi. 

Continuation's, f. continuation, continu 
ance, lastingness. 

Continue, kon-t?-nu, s. f. continuance, 
length of time. A la continue, at length, in 
llie long run, in tin^. 

CoNTiN UEL, LE, kow-tl-nfi-^l, adj. continu- 
al, constant, without intermission, perpetual. 

CoNTiNUELLEMENT, ko«-t5-n&-§l-inin, or 
CoNTiNUMENT, adv. continually, perpetual- 
ly, ever or ever and anon, always, without 
intermission, incessantly. 

CoNTiNUER, kon-ti-n5-l,v.a. to continue; 
carry on, to go on with ; prolong ; persevere, 
go on. Continuer, v. n. to continue, hold oa 
or out, last. 

Continuity, koM-t1-nW-ta, s. £. continu- 
ity, closeness, continuance. 

CoNTONUANT, E, adj. name given to aag 
instrument that wounds without cutting. 

CoNTORSiON, ko«-tar-sion,s. f contortion, 
distortion, wry face. Le demon bii donnoit 
d'etranges conlorsions, he was strangely dis- 
toi-ted by the devil. 

Contour, korj-tior, s. in. contour, cona- 
pass, circumference, turning and winding. 

CoNTOURNER, ko«-t6or-nS., v. a. to <fraw 
the contours of a picture or figure. 

Contract, V. Control. 

CoNTRACTANT, E , ko«-tr&k-ti«, tint, adj. 
& s. that covenants or contracts, contracting, 
contractor, contracting party. 

CoNTRACTER, ko?»-lrik-t^, V. n. to con- 
tract, covenant or bargain, make a contract, 
or covenant or bargain, article. 

Coniracter, v. a. to contract; to Morten, 
condense. Conlracler des dettes, to run into 
debt, contract debts. CorUracter aliiance aree 
quelqu'nn, to strike or make an alliance with 
one. Se contracter, v. r. to contract, shrink 
up, grow shorter. 

Contraction, kon-trak-slo7i, s. f. con- 

CoNTRACTUEL, LE, ko7i-trik-tfi-4l, adj. 
stipulated, agreed upon. 

Contracture, s. f. {in architecture) con- 
tracting of a column towards the top. 

Contradicteur, kon-trii-dik-t^ur, &.(■ 
contradictorj opposer. 




bi'ise, but : j^une, m<^ule, beu 

^nfirat, chit, lihi: x'ni: mon: bniw. 

Contradiction, ko«-tra-clik-sro7(, s. f. con. 
tradiciion, iiiconsisience ; also opjjosition, ob- 
stacle. Esprit de contradiction, contradicting 

CoNTRADicTOiRE, kon-tr^-dik-twir, adj. 
contradictory, that implies contradiction. 
Jii^ement coiUradictoire, peremptory decree or 

m^rt, adv. contradictorily ; also peremptorily. 

CoNTRAiGNABLE, ko/j-tr§, adj. that 
may be constrained or compelled (to pay.) 

CoNTRAiNDRE, kon-lrindr, V. q. (see the 
table at aindre) to constrain, force, compel or 
oblige by force ; to constrain, put a constraint 
upon, lo'put out of one's bias; to squeeze or 
wring, be tight upon, pinch. La rime con- 
traint un po^te, rhyme constrains or ties up a 
poet. L'Mude le contrairit fort, he is averse 
from study, study goes much against his gra in. 

CoNTRAiNT, E, kon-tri»j, trint, adj. con- 
strained, forced, compelled, e<c. ; forced, not 
free, stiff, uneasy ; narrow. 

CosTRAiNTE, s. f. Constraint, force, com- 
pulsion, violence. Faire les choses sans con- 
trainte, to do things freely or with a great deal 
of freedom. Contrairite par corps, order or 
writ or warrant to seize the body of a debtor. 

CoNTRAiRE, kon-tr^r, adj. contrary, oppo- 
site, repugnant, cross or adverse ; bad, hurtful. 

CosTRAiRE,s. m. contrary. Aucontraire, 
adv. on the contrary, contrarily. Tout an 
coritraire, quite contrarily or quite contrary, 
also rather. Aller au contraire d'une chose, to 
go or speak against a thing, contradict or 
gainsay it. 

CoNTRARiANT, E, ko«-tra-r?-^w, int, adj. 
apt to contradict, of a contradicting temper. 

CoNTRARiER, kow-tri-rf-a, V. a. to con- 
tradict or gainsay ; to run counter to, oppose, 
thwart or cross. 

Contrariety, kon-tr^-ri-a-ta, s. f. con- 
trariety, opposition, disagreement ; also con- 
tradiction, inconsistency. Contrarietes, diffi- 
culties, crosses or obstacles. 

CoNTRASTE,ko7e-trast, s. m. contrast; also 
debate or dispute. 

CoNTRASTER,koM-tras-ta,v. a. to contrast, 
make a contrast of figures. 

CoNTRAT, ko«-tri, s. m. contract, bargain, 
Eigreement, covenant, deed or instrument, ar- 
ticles. Control de manage, articles of mar- 
riage or marriage settlement. Contrat de do- 
nation, deed of gift. 

Contravention, ko?i-tr§L-v^M-s!ow, s. f. 
contravention, infraction. 

Contre, konlr prep, against, contrary to ; 
near by. Tout cadre, hard by. 

Contre, s. m. oj!fposite side of a question. 
Savoir le pour it le contre d'une affaire, to be 
thoroughly acquainted with a business. V. 
Pmr, s. m. 

along side of a great one. 

CoNTRE-AMiRAL,s. m. Mar.rearadmiral. 

CoNTRE-APPRocHES, s. f. pi. counter-ap- 

CoNTRE-BALANCER, V. a. to counter-ba- 
lance, countervail, counterpoise. 

CoNTREBANDE, kontr-b^nd, s. f contra- 
band commodities, prohibited goods. Faire 
la co^itrebandfi, to smuggle, nm or smuggle 
prohibited goods, be a smuggler. ' 


CoNTREBANDiER, E, kon-tre-b^-dii, 
d?^r, s. m. & f. smuggler. V. Batiinent. 

CoNTRE-BAS, aov. Upwards. 

CoNTRE-BASSE, s. f. couiiterbasc. 

CoNTRE-BATTERiE, s. f. couuter-battcry. 

CoNTRE-BRAssER, V. a. Alar, to braes 
about. V. Brasser. 

CoNTRECARRER, kowtr-ka-dl, V. a. to 
thwart, cross or oppose, contradict, run coun- 

CoNTR'icART, s. HI. an cscutcheon's be- 
ing counter quartered. 
CoNTR"i:cARTELER,v.a. to counter quarter. 
CoNTRE-CHARME, s. m. couiiier-charm. 
CoNTRE-CHASSis, s. m. double casenjent. 
CoNTRE-civADiERE, s. f. Mar. sprit-sail 

CoNTRE-coEUR, s. m. unwillingTiess. Ex. 
A coiitre-cceur,adv. against one's Will, against 
the grain. Contre-coeur de clieininee, iron 
back for a fire-place. 

CoNTRE-coRNi ERE, s.f. Mar. piece framed 
and bolted with the fashion piece afore it in 
French ships (not used in the building of Eng- 
lish ships.) 

CoNTRE-coup,s.m. counter-blow, rebound. 
CoNTRE-couRANT, s. m. Mar. counter- 

CoNTRE-DANSE, s. f. conntry-dancc. 

CoNTREDiRE, kowtr-d!r, V. a. (like dire, 
except the second pers. plur. of the pres. v<ms 
coiUredisez, and imperative, coiiiredisez) to 
contradict, gainsay or speak against, to con- 
fute or answer. 

CoNTREUisANTj kontr-dJ-z^Ti, adj. con 
tradicting, gainsaying. 

CoNTREDiT, kontr-dJ, s. m. contradiction, 
controversy, confutation, answer ; objection, 
replication. Sans corUredit, without contro- 
versy, most certainly. 

CoNTREE, kon-tra, s. f. country, region, 
tract of land. 

CoNTRE-i:cHANGE,s. m. mutual exchange. 

CoNTRE-ENQUETE, s. f. inqucst Contrary 
to that of the adverse party. 

CoNTRE-^PREUVE.s. f. countCr-proof [of 
a drawing or engraving.) 

CoNTRE-EPREU VER, V. a. todraw a coun- 

CoNTRE-ESPALiER, s. m. espalier facing 
another espalier with a walk between. 

CoNTRE-ETAis, s. m. pi. Mar. after back 


BOT, s. m. Mar. stern-post. Conlre-^tanibord 
inth-ieuT, inner stern-post. Contre-etambord 
exterieur, back of the stern-post. 

CoNTRE-iTRAVE,s.f. Mar. apron (in shii>- 

C0NTREFA90N, s.f. counterfeit or counter- 

CoNTREFACTEUR, s. m. he who is guilty 
of counterfeiting, counterfeiter, forger. 

CoNTREFAiRE, V. a. like /rtz/«, 10 Counter- 
feit ; imitate, mimick, ape , feign, dissemble 
or make as if; disguise. Se contrefaire, v. r. 
to feign or dissemble ; disguise one's .self. 

CoNTREFAiT, E, kontr-f^, f^t, adj. coun- 
terfeit, counterfeited, imitated, falsified ; de- 
formed, ill-favoured. 

CcNTRE-FENiTRE, s. f. out-side shultcr. 

CoNTRE-FiNEssE, s. f. iHck for trick. 

CoNTBE-FORT, s. m. counter-fort 




r, bai.b&se: lli^re,^bb,over : field, fig; r6be,rSb, Ifird : m^od.gflwl. 

CoNTUE-FUGUE, s. f. couHierfugue (in mu' 

CoNTRE-GARDF.,s. f. couiiterguard. Con 
ire-gorde de monnoie, ihe deptity-wardeu of 
the mint. 

CoNTRE-HACHER, kon-trS-i-sliS., V. a. to 

CoNTRE-HATiER, s. m. rack (a kitchen 

CoxTRE-HAUT, adv. downwards. 

CosTRE-HiL()iRK3, s. f. pi. Mar. sirakes 
or streaks of planks on the decks, close to the 
binding sirakes. 

CoNTRE-JouR, s. m. false light. A conire- 
jottr, in a false light. 

CoNTRE-iNDicATioK, s. f. counter-indica- 

CoKTRE-issANT, E,adj. counter-salient. 

CoNTRE-LATTE,s.f. counter-lath. 

CoNTRE-LATTER, V. a. to counter-lalh. 

CoNTRE-LKTTRE, s. f. defeasance. 

Coktre-maJtre, s m. Mar. boatsviain's 
mate, quarter-man. CoiUre-maitre c'nai-pen- 
twT, fore-man of theship-wrightii in a dock- 
j'a'-d. CcnUre-nuiitre de la cale, captain of 
the hold. 


m. countermand. 

CoNTRE-MANDER, kontr-inin-d&, v. a. to 

CoNTKE-MARCHE, 8. f. Countermarch. 

CoNTRK-MARiE,8. f. Mar. countertidc. 

CoNi RE-MARiiUE, s. f. counlermark. 

CoNTRE-MARfiUER, V. a. to countermark. 

CoKTRE-MiNE. s. f. couMtermiue. 

CoNTRE-MiNER, V. a. to Countermine. 

CoNTRE-MiNEUR, s. m. counterminer. 

CoNTRE-MONT, adv. Upwards, bottom up- 
wards. A a/rUre-mont, up the river, against 
the stream. 

CoNTRE-Moussov, 8. m. Mar. Ex, h con- 
tre-vwusson, against the monsoon. 

CoNTRE-MUR, s. m. counter-murc. 

CoNTRE-MURER, V. a. to countermure. 

CoNTRE-oRURE, kon-trfifdr, s. m. coun- 
ter-ortler, coTlntermand. 

CoNTRE-rARTi£, s. f. second part (inmu- 

CoNTRE-PASSANT, adj. counter-passant. 

CoNTRE-PESER, V. a. lo Counterpoise, 
counterbalance, countervail. 

CoNTRE-F I ED, s. in. contrary sense; wrong 
scent (in Imnting.) 

CoNTRE-poiiJS, s. m. counterpoise; poise 
or pole (of a rojte-dancer.) 

CoNTRE-poiL, s. m. what is against the 
gram. A conlre-jioil, against the grain ; the 
wrong waj', in a wrong sense. 

C(jNTRE-PoiNT,s. ni. Counterpoint (in mu- 
sick.) Cont re-point d'une voile, double rope 
and marline (attached to the clue of a sail.) 

CoNTRE-PoiNTE, V. Courte-poinie. 

COKTRE-POINTER, V. a. to quill On both 
sides, to contradict, thwart, run counter. Con- 
tre-poinler ducanon, to raise a battery against 

CoNTB c-POisoN, 8. m. counterpoison, an- 

CoNTRE-PORTE, 8. f. double door or double 

CoNTREPORTER, V. 8. to hawk Or go a 

CoKTBEPORTEPR, s. m.liawker or pedler. 

CoNTRE-PROMEssE, s. f. Counter bond. 
CoNTREQUARRER, V. ContrecaTitr . 


swallow-tail (in fortification.) 

CoNTRz-QuiLLE, s. f. Mar. keelson or 

CoKTRE-ROLLEjrfc. V, Contrule, etc. 

CoNTRE-RONDE, s. f. counter-rouiid. 

CoNTRE-RUSE, s. f. Stratagem opposed to 

CoNTRE-SAisoK, Mar. elre a contre.-saison, 
to be too late for making a passage with the 
favourable periodical winds. 

CoNTRE-SANGLON, s. m. girth leather. 

CoNTRESCARPE, kon-tr&-karp, s. f. coun- 

CosTRESCARPER, V. a. lo make a coun- 

CoNTRE-scEL, s. m. counter-scal. 

CoNTRE-scELLER, V. a. to counier-scaL 

CoNTRE-SEiNG, s. m. countcr-sign (sigvja- 

CoNTRE-SENS, s. m. Contrary or wrong 
sense, wrong side, wrong way. A cotitre-sens, 
adv. the wrong or the contrary way. V'ous 
prenez tout a cotUre-sevs, you put a wrong 
construction on every thing. 

CoNTRE-siGNER, V. a. to counter-sign. 

CoNTRE-TA 1 LLE,s.f. coHuter-tally or coun- 
ter-part of a tally. 

CoNTRE-TEMPS, s. m. unlucky or improper 
time ; unlucky accident, disappointment, cross; 
couuler-time or counter-pace. Tomber dant 
un contre-lemps or des contre-iemps, to do a 
thing unseasonably, ill time it, do it prepos- 
terously. A contre-temps, adv. unseasonably, 
preposterously. Dit or fait a corUre-temps, 
preposterous, unseaisonable. 

CosTRE-TiRER, V. a. to counterdraw. 

CoNTREVAi.LATioN, konlT-val-la-sfow, 8. 
f. contravallation. 

CoNTREVENANT, E, kojilf-ve-nin, aknt, 
adj. offender. 

CoNTREVENiR,a, kontr-ve-n?r, V. n. (like 
venir) to contravene, infringe, act contrary to 
(law, etc.) 

CoNTRE-VENT, kowtr-v^w, s. m. outside 
shutter. ^ 

CoNTRE-vfRiTE, s. f. meaning contrary 
lo the words. 

CoNTRE-visiTE, s. f. sccond search. 

CoNTRiBUAEi.E, kon-tri-b&-ibl, adj, li^^ 
ble or subject to contribution. 

CONTRIBUAKT, kOTl-tTl-bfl-^, S. m. COD 


CoNTRiBUER, kon-tr?b&-^, v. a. &. n. to 
contribute ; to pay contributions. 

Contribution, ko»-tr!-b5-s?ow, s. f. con- 
tribution. Metlre h contrilmtion, to lay under 

CoNTRisTER, ko»-trls-t^, V. a. to grieve, 
vex, make sorry, give trouble. 

CoNTRiT, E, kon-tri,trit, adj. contrite, sor- 
rowful, penitent ; troubled, concerned. 

Contrition, kow-tr5-sJo;i, s. f. contrition, 
hearty sorrow, trouble of mind. 

CoNTRcii.E, ko«-tr6l, s. m. book of regis- 
ter, control ; office of controller ; mark or 
stamp upon plate ho sluno it has paid the 

Contu6ler, ko7j-trA-l^, v. a. to control 
or examine ; to mark or stamp : censure, find 
fault with, criticise upou. 




bdse. bflt : jiiine, m^ute, blunre : hi&nU chiU li^n : vin ; moii : bru». 

Contr6leur, kon-tr6-l^ur, s. m. control- 
ler, overseer. 

Contr6lec-r, se, s. m. &. f. fault-finder, 

Co.NTROVERSE, koH-trd-v^rs, s. f. contro- 
versy, dispute, debate. 

CoNTRovERsi£, E, kon-trft-v^f-SH, adj. 
I controverted, debated, argued pro and con. 

CoNTROVERSiSTE, ko»-lrd-vCr sist. s. m. 

CoNTROuvER, koM-tr6o-vi, V. a. to forge, 
invent, feign or devise {a falsehood.) 

CoNTUMACE, kon-tfi-mils, s. f. contumacy, 
contempt of the court. Condavine par con- 
tutiutce, cast for non-appearance. 

Co.NTUMACER,kon-tfl-m^-s&, V. a. to cast 
for non-appearance, nonsuit, outlaw. 

Co NT UMAX, adj. accused person that does 
not appear before the judge. 

*CoNTUMELiE, s. f. coutumcly, outrage, 

•CoNTUM^LiEUSEMENT, adv. contunieli- 
ousl V , ou trn geously . 

*CoNTUMELiEU-x, SE, adj. contumelious, 
outrageous, abusive. 

CoNTUS, E, koM-tfl, tnz, adj. bruised. 

Contusion, kore-tft-zion, s. f contusion. 

CoNVAiNCANT, E, co«-vin-kin, ktwit, adj. 
convincing, clear, evident, plain. 

CoNVAiNCRE, kon-vi7(kr, v. a. (like fain- 
crej) to convict or convince. 

Co.vvAiNCU, E, adj. convicted, convinced. 

C0NVALESCENCE,K07l-v4-lJ-3^W3,S. f. COn- 

valescency or convalescence, recovery. 

Convalescent, e, kon-vJ-l^-s^w, s^t, 
adj. convalescent, in a fair way of recovery, 
on the mending hand. 

Con V ENABLE, konv-nibl, adj. convenient, 
proper, suitable, lit, agreeable, seasonable, 
seemly, expedient, becoming. Punilioncon- 
venahle, condign punishment. 

Convenablement, ko7JV-nahl-m^n, adv. 
conveniently, suitably, to the purpose, agrce- 
al)ly, fitly, in due season. 

Convknance, konv-n^is, s. f convenience, 
conformity, affinity, agreeableness, agree- 
ment, suila!)leness, relation ; decencv, seem- 
liness. Raiscms de convenance, protable or 
plausible reasons. 

Convenant, e, konv-nin, n^t, adj. con- 
venient, agreeable, suitable, becoming. 

*Convenant, s. m. covenant. 

Convenir, kortv-n?r, v. n. (like renir) to 
become, be proper or suitable, fit or suit; to 
agree or grant ; to agree with, be agreeable. 
Celte naison m'a convenu, el je sins conrenu du 
frrix, this house suited me, and I agreed to 
give the price. // connent, v. imp, it is fit, 
requisite, expedient, convenientor meet. 

Convent, V. Comment. 

Conventicule, kon-\hn-thkJx\,s.m'. con- 
venticle, private meeting. 

CoNVjENTioN, kon-v^n-s!on, s, f. conven- 
tion ; articles agreed on, agreement, contract. 

Convention NEL, le, ko7i-vhi-sl6-ni\, 
adj. conventional, done under articles, 

Conventionnellement, adv. conven- 

Con VENTUALiTH, s.f. slate of conventuals. 

CuNVENTUEL, i.E, koji-v^/i-ta-Cl, adj. 

( 0.VVENTUELLEMElfT,k07l-vin-tfl-6l-m6n, 

cdv. eonveutually. 

CoNVENU, adj. agreed on. V. Conreiiir. 

Convergence, s. f. convergence, teuden< 
cy to a point. 

CoNVERGEST, E, adj. convergent, con- 

CfoNVERGER, V. n, to Converge, 

Con VERS, E,kori-v^r, v?rs, atlj, {Kith fr^re 
or sceur) lay-bi other or sister, drwige in a 
monastery or nunnery. Proposition cmtverse, 
inverted or conveile<l proi)os:iion. 

Conversable, kon-ver-sihl. adj. conver- 
sable, sociable, easy or fr»'e of access. 

Con VERSATioN, kon-v^r-sfi-slon, s, f. con- 
versation ; discourse ; assembly, meeling,coni- 

CoNVERSKR,kon-v?r-sl, v.n, to converse, 
to keep company and be familiar w:th. 

Conversion, kon-v^r-siow, s. f. convert- 
ing, conversion, change. Quart de conversion, 
turning or wheeling about. 

Con VERTi, E, adj. &. s, converted, turned, 
changed, eto, convert. 

Convertible, ko«-v6r-tIbl, adj. convex 

CoNVERTiR. kon-v^r-tir, v. a. to convert, 
turn or change, make a convert of. Canvertir 
le. temps en &grh de longitude, Mar. to turn 
time into longitude. Se cotivertir, v. r. to 
turn, to change ; to be reclaimed, to amend ; 
to be made a convert, be converted. 

CONVERTISSEMENT, ko7(-v^r-iJs-mJn, B. 
m. turning, changing, conversion. 

CoNVERTissEUR, koM-v^r-tI-s#ur, s. m. 

CoNVEXE, kon-v?ks, adj. convex. 

CosvEXiTE, kon-v?k-si-t^, s. f convexity. 

Conviction, kon-vik-slo«,s. f. conviction 
full proof. 

CoNVii,kore-vW, s. m. guest. 

CoNviER, kon-vi-&, V. a. io invite. 

Convive, ko«-vlv, s. m. guest. 

Convocation, kon-v6-ka-s?on, s. f. con* 
vocation, convening or calling together. 

CoNvoi, kon-vwA, s, m, fiuieral pomp or 
procession. Mar. convoy ; convoy (jjf men of 
war, a convoy or company of mer<'nnutmen 
with their convoy, a convoy of provisions and 

*Convoitable, kon-vwi-tibi, adj. covel- 
able, to be coveted or desired. 

Convoiter, kon-vwi-ti, v. a. to covet, 
lust after. 

*C()NvoiTEU-x, SE, kon-vwi-tia, t^uz 
adj. covetous, thM covets. 

CoNvoiTiSE, kon-vwi-tiz, s. f. covetous 
ness, concupiscence, lust or eager desire, love, 

CoNvoLER,kon-vS-la,v.n. to marry agaia 
Convoler en secondes noces or a un second ma- 
1-iase, to marry a second time, Cowoler em 
troisiemes noces, to marry for the third time. 

CoNvoQUER, ko7j-v6-A^, V. n, to convoke, 
call together, assemble, 

CoNvovER, ko7<-vw?i-y^, V. a. to convey, 
attend, accompany or guard. 

Con vuLSi-F, ve, kon-vfll-s?f, slv, adj. con- 

Convulsion, kon-vfil-sfon, s. f. convulsion, 
convulsion fit. 

Convulsionnaire, adj. that is subject to 

CooBHof, E, k6-6-bl?-ia, adj. jointly 
bound with another in an obligation orconiracl 




bir, bal, b^se : there, Sbb, ovSr : field, fig : r6be, rOb, Ifird : mAod, gfiod. 

CoopfRATEU-R, TRICE, kd-6-pa-r^-l§ur, 
lri«, s. III. fc f. co-onerator, fellowworkor. 

Cooperation, kft-i-pi-ri-sJon, s. f. co- 
operation, joint working or joint labour. 

Coo !• ER K R , k5-5-pi-ri, v. a. to co-operate, 
work together. 

CooPTATioN, s. f. co-optation, adoption. 

CooPTKR, V. a. to admit out of course by 

CoPAHU, s. m. copa^-va or copivi. 

Copal, s. m. copal (sort of gum.) 

COPARTAGEANT, E, k&-pKr-Xh.-zhl, zkul, 

adj. &• s. copartner, coparcener. 

CoPEAt;, k5-pA, s. m. chip, shaving. 

CoPENHAGUE,s. Copenhagen. 

CopERMUTANT, s. m. said of each of those 
who exchange lii'ings. 

CoPHTE. s. m. Copht (Eg^^ptian Christian.) 
_ Cop IE, k6-pl, s. f. copy, transcript, imita- 
tion, duplicate; also manuscript. C^est im 
orisinat sanscojne, he has not his fellow. Cet 
en/ant est la cojiie de sonpere, that child is his 
father's picture. 

Copier, k5-p?-a, v. a. to copy, transcribe; 
to imitate, mimick, ape. 

CoPiEiJSEMENT, M-pl-iuz-min, adv. co- 
piously, plentifully, abundantly, 

CopiEU-x, s£, kft-pl-iu, iuz, adj. copious, 
plentiful, rich. 

CopisTE, k6-p?st, s. m, copyist, copyer, 
transcriber, one that copies. 

CopRopuiETAiRE, kd-pr5-pr!-Ji-tir, s. m. 
&. f. joint proprietor. 

Copter, v. a. to make the clapper of a bill 
strike on one side only. 

Copulati-f, ve, kd-pB-ll-tlf, tlv, adj. 

Copulation, s. f. copulation. 

Copulative, s. f. conjunctive particle. 

CopULE, s. f copula (in logick.) 

Coq, cock, a^M male of the par- 
tridge ; weather-cock ; the part of a watch 
that covers the balance : chief, leading man. 
Coq, Mar. cook (of a ship.) Chant du r.oq, 
cock's crow ing, dawn of day. Coq de bruyere, 
heathcock. Coq de vutrak, moor-cock. Cor, 
d' Irule. ti'rkey, turkey-cock. Coq de kfis or 
coq faisan, cock-pheasant. Coq de jardin, 
sort of odorous plant (said to be Aleppo mint.) 
Un coq-a-l'une, a cock and a bull story. 

CoQUE, kok, s. f. .shell (of e,^^s of mils ;) 
cod {ojfa silk worm and other insects.) 

Coqiie. s. m. Mar. (kink in a rope,) hull 
(of a ship.) Prendre des coques, to kink. 
Defais les coques de cette manoeuvre, take the 
kinks out of that rope. 

CoquEciGRUE.s. f. silly thing, nonsense, 

CoQt/EFREDOUiLLE, s. m. ninny, drivel- 
ler, fool, 

Coq,celicot, k5k-ll-k6,s.m. wild-poppy, 

CoquELOURDE, s. f. a plant much like an 
anemone, pascjue-flower, 

CoQUELOCHE, kAk-lftsh, s. f. hooping- 
cough; cowl; one much in vogue, llest la coqtie- 
luche des fcmmes ; he is the darling of the sex. 

*CoquELUCHON, kftk-lft-shon, s. m. cow!, 
monk's hood. 

CoquEMAR, kftk-mlr, s. m. boiler. 
CoquER> T, s. m. Alkekengi, winter-cherry. 
CoQUERKO,s. m. cock-crowing. 
Co<iUET, TE, ki-ki, kk, adj. coquettish. 

CoQuiT, s. m. beau, general lover, mala 
coquette, also cock-boat. 

Coquette, s. f. coquette. 

CoQUETER, kdk-ti, v. n. to be a general 
lover or cotiuette. 

CoquETiER, k6k-li?i, s. m. higgler, seller 
of eggs and poultry, also thing to put an egg 
in when boiled in the shell. , 

CoQUETTERiE. k&-A:^t-rl, s. f. coc|uetry. 

CoQuiLLAGE, k&-fci-&z, s. m. shells, shell- 
work or 

CoquiLLE, kb-lAl, s. f. shell, also ware of 
small value. 

CoQuiLLiER, s. m. collection of sheils, 
place where they are kept. 

CoQUiN,s. m. rogue, rascal, knave, pitiful 
or beggarly fellow. 

CoQUiN, E, ki-k\n, k?n, adj. idle, roguish. 

CoQuiNAii.LE, ka-.'d-n^ s. f. pack of 

Ties or scoundrels. 
oquiNE, s. f. slut, jade, base woman. 
CoquiNER, v. n. to loiter, idle, play the 

CoqciNERiE, kS-k?n-rl, s. f. roguery, kna- 
verv, base trick, 

CoR, k3r, s. m. hunter's or a post-lx)y's 

horn. A cor et a cri, adv. with niio;ht and 

main or with hue and cry. Corn (on the foot.) 

CoRAiL, kb-Al, s. m. coral; pi. Coraux. 

CoPALiNE, s. f. coralline, also boat for 

fishing coral. 

*CoRALLiN, E, k6-rS.-lin, lin, adj. coral- 
line, red as coral. 
I CoRALLOlDES,s. f. pi. Seed of white coral. 
CoRBEAU, k6r bA, s. m. raven, corpse 
bearer or burier in plague time, also underta- 
ker's man or mute at a funeral, and corbel in 

CoRBEiLLE,k6r-b?t,s.f.basket, wide basket. 
CoRBEiLLiE, kftr-b^-/a, s. f. basket-full. 
CoRBiLLARD,k5r-bl-/ir, s. m. corbeil-boat 
or boat which goes (rom Paris to Corbeil,a/5o 
j great country coach ; vehicle to carry the dead 
• on. 

CoRBiLLAT, s. m. voung raven. 
CoRBiLLON, kftr-l)?-/on, s. m. basket or 
box. Corhillon d'oublks, wafer-box. 
CoRBiN, V. Bee. 

Corda'ge, kAr-da;, s. m. cordage, cords, 
ropes, measuring of wood bj' the cord. Mar. 
Cordage une fois commis or commis en liaits- 
si^re, hawser-laid cordage. Cordaffe deux 
fois commis, cable laid cordage. Cordage ai 
trois or cordage commis en trois, rope of three 
i strandsorthree strand rope. Conlag". commis en 
quatre, fnurstrand rope. Cordage courant, cord- 
age. Cordage blanc, white or untarred rope. 
Cordage goudronni,\a.TreA cordage. Cordage 
refait, twice laid stuff. Cordage debroii decoco, 
cordage made of the bark of the cocoa-palm. 
CORDE, k&rd, s. f. rope ; cord, line, string ; 
thread; cord (of wood;) hanging, gallows. 
Gamirun violon de cordes, to string a violin. 
Habit qui montre la corde, threarl-bare coat. 
Mar. Corde de retenue, guy, Cordes de de- 
fense, fenders. Corde erigagie or ginee or 
embarrassee, foul rope. 

CoRDi, E, adj. twisted. Chevalcorde, horse 
troubled with hard strings. 
CoRDEAU, k5r-d6, s. m. cord, line, 
i CoRDELER, kOrd-la, V. a. to fwis'.. 
j CoRDELETTE, kSr-.l-lSt. s. f. Small cord or 
I line 





bise, bflt : j^une, mSute, blurre : enftwt, chil, Yiln : vin ; mon ; brun. 

Cordelier, kfiru-lii, s. m. cordelier, 
Franciscan friar or gray friar. 

Cordeli^re, kftrd-l'ir, s. f. Franciscan nun, 
eordelier's girdle, black and knotted silk neck- 
lace worn hy some ladies. 

CoRDELLE, k3r-d3l, s.f. small rope, [obso- 
lete in this priviitire sense) party, side, gang. 
CoKDER,kor-da, V. a. to work or tsvist 
into cords or ropes ; to measure {wood) by 
the cord ; to cord or bind with a cord. Se 
corder, v. r. to grow stringy. 

CoRDKRiE, kdrd-rl, s. f. rope-yard, rope- 
ouse, rope-walk. 

Cordial, e, kflr-dl-Sl, adj. cordial, good for 
e heart ; cordial, hearty, free, open, sincere. 
Cordial, s. m. cordial. 
CoRDiALEMENT, kflr-dl-il-m&t, adv. cor- 
dially, heartily, sincerely. 

CoR Di A LITE, kSr-di-5-lf-ti, s. f. cordiality, 
cordial, sincere or hearty love. 

CoRUiER, k8r-dla, s. m. rope-maker. 
CoRDiLiAS, s. m. sort of kersey. 
Cordon, k6r-don,s.m. twist, string, strand, 
hat-band ; lace ; riband ; {of coin) nm ; gir- 
dle ; plinth, projecting row or edge of stone, 
etc. around a building; cordon {of posts.) 
Le roi Lui a donnA le cordon bleu, the king 
has made him a knight of the Holv Ghost. 
Un cordon bleu, a knight of the Holy Ghost. 
Eire du cordon de S. Franqois, to be of the 
order of St. Francis. 

Cordon NER,kftr-dft-n^,v.a. to twist, braid. 
Cordonnerie, k5r-dSn-ri, s. f. shoe-ma- 
ker's-row or street, shoe-maker's trade. 
CoRDONNET, k5r-dd-nS, s.m. lace or edging. 
CoRDONNiER,kdr-dd-uia,s. m. shoe-maker, 
also hat-band maker. 
CoRDou AN, s. m. Cordovan leather. 
CoREE, s. m. a foot in verse. 
CoRi ACE, kft-rf-is, adi. as tough as leather, 
(said of meat, and a hard, close man.) 

CoRiACE, E, adj. coriaceous, of a substance 
resembling leather. 

CoRiAMBE.s. m. Coriamb {foot in verse.) 
CoRiANDRE, kfl-rl-^dr, s. f coriander ; 
also coriander seed. 

CoRiNTHiEN, NE, adj. Corinthian. 
CoRLiEU.CcRLis, V. CouHieii. 
CoRME, k3rm, s.f. service or sorb {berry.) 
Cormier, kfir-mla, s. m. service-tree or 
CoRMORAN, kdr-mft^r&i, s. m. cormorant. 
CoRNAc, s. m, name given to the keeper 
of elephants. 
•CoRSARD, s.'m. cuckold. 
CoRNARDiSE, s. f. cuckoldom. 
CoRNE, kArn, s. f. horn ; hoof; fleam ; {of 
cheese cake) corner. Come de cerf. hartshorn. 
Ouvrage a come, horn-work. Bete a come, 
horned beast. Come ducale, sort of cap worn 
b}- the Doge of Venice. Faire porter des comes 
or plarUer des comes (i quetqu'un, to cuckold 
one. Porter des comes, avoir des comes, to 
be a cuckold. Mar. Ex. Come d'amoree, 
powder-horn. Come d'aiiimm, gaff. Vergve 
b, come. gaff. Come de rergv/e, jaws of a gaff 
or boom. Come de gui, crutch of a boom. 
V. H'Mte.^ 

CoRN£E,k5r-nli,s.f. horny tunicle of the 

CoRNEiLLE, Ur-n\l, s. f. rook. Comeille 
emmatUelee, grey-rook or Royston crow. 

CoRNEMENT, k6rn-m^. dWtiiles. \. 

CoRNEMUsE, k5m-miz, s. f. bag-pipe. 
Jotteur de cm-nemvse, bag-piper. 

Corner, k6r-n^, v. n. to sound or blow a 
horn, to blow or wind a horn ; to use a speak- 
ing tnjmpet to speak to a deaf man ; comer 
aux oreilles, to dun or tire one with speaking 
of a thing; to stink or smell musty (fuzrf of 
tainted meat.) Les oreilles bci cornent. his {or 
her) ears tingle. Comer, v. a. Coma- quelijtie 
chose, to blab out or trumpet a thing. 

Cornet, kSr-nS, s.m. horn, speaKingtrum- 
pet i rolled wafer ; place in a desk for ink ; 
cupping-^lass. Comet a bouquin, sort of 
small shalm. Cornet a jouer atix des, dice- 
box. Comet de papier, cofUn of paper. Cor- 
net de mat. Mar. case of a mast. 
CoRNETiER, s. m. horn-dresser. 
CoRNETTE, kSr-n^l,s. f. standard of a troop 
i of horse, troop of horse ; mob (kind of wo- 
I man's coif.) Mar. broad pendant (displayed 
I at the mast head of a commodore's ship.) 
J CoRNETTE, s. m. cornet of a troop of horse. 
CoRNEUR, s. m. one who sounds a horn. 
CoRNicHE, k6r-n?sli. s. f. cornice (in archi- 
tecture ;) gig or kind of a top for boys to play 

CoRNicHON,k6r-nl-shon, s. m. a little horn; 
also gherkin or small cucumber to pickle. 

CoRNiZRE, s. f. sloping gutter (on the top 
of a roof.) Comi^res, pi. Mar. fashion-pieces 
CoRNiLLAs, kfir-ni-/as, s. m. young rook. 
CoRNouiLLE, kflr-ndo/, s. f. cornel berry 
or cornelian cherry. 

CoRNouiLLER, kflr-n6o-/5., s. m. cornel or 
cornelian tree. 

CoRNu, E, kflr-nfl, nA, adj. homed, cor 
nuted ; cornered ; bod, sorry, insignificant, in 
conclusive {reasons, ideas.) 
CoRNUAU.s. m. kind of shad. 
CoRNUE, kdr-nA, s. f. eucurbite, matrass, 
CoROLLAiRE, kfl-r6l-l^r, s. m. corollary. 
CoRONAiRE, adj. {inanatcmy,) coronary. 
CoRoif AIRE, s. m. coroner. 
Coronal, e, k&-rfi-nal, adj. coronal. 
CoRONiLLE, s. f. a sort of tree that grows 
in Spain and warm countries. 

Corporal, k6r-pd-rAl, s. m. a piece of 

linen on which the priest puts the chalice and 

host or consecrated wafer when he says mass 

Corporalier, k6r-p6-rS-lia,s. m. box to 

contain the abovementioned linen. 

Corporation, k6r-pd-rA-slon. s. f. corpo 
ration or English municipality. 
CoRPOREL, LE, kdr-pft-r^l. adj. corporal 
or corporeal, bodily. 

CoRPORELLEMENT, kSr-pA-r-^l-m^. adv. 
corporally, bodily. Ptmir corpcreliement, to 
inflict a corporal punishment. 

CoRPORiFicATioN, k6r-pfl-ri-f?-ki-s?on, 
or CoRPORiSATioN, s. f. {in chemistry) con 
porification, making into a body. 

CoRPORiFiER, k3r-pA-rl-ffa, v. a. to cor 
porify, to make into a body. 

Corps, k6r,s. m. body, shape; company, 
society ; collection ; selection from various 
authors; corps, regiment, legion; substance, 
thickness ; strength, body. // a le corps tien 
fail, he is a well shaped man. // fait ban 
marcM de son corps, he is free of bi:, rarcas3 




oar, b?tt, base : there, Ibh, ovir : field, fig : nSbe, r6l>, Wrd : m6od, gdod. 

li se traile Men le corps, he pamjjers his bodv, 
he makes much of his carcass. On rerra ce qit'il 
a dans le corps, we shall see what he can da. 
Etleabandonne son corps, or etle niet son corps 
h I'abandon, or elle fail folie. deson corps, she 
prostitutes herself. Tl a le diahle au corps, the 
devil is in him. Corps de logis, something 
attached to the main building. Corps de 
jMp?, stays or bodice. Vin qui a dn corjts, 
strong bodied wine. Etoffe qui a du corps, 
substantial stuff. Ce siiop n'a pas assez de 
corps, that syrop is not thick enough. Coiileur 
qui a dii corps, thick colour. Couieur qui n'a 
point de corj>s. thin colour. Se baltre corps a 
corjis, to fight hand to hand. En or a son 
Cor})s drferidant, in his own defence. EJle 
esfpmde a son corns def aidant, she is honest 
because ugly. C est mi nialin corps, he is an 
unlucky blatle. C'est un jilaisant corps or mm 
drole de corjis, he is a comical blade. Corps 
viort, dead body or carcass, corpse. A corps 

t'.rdu, adv. heafllong, furiously, desperately, 
and over head. 

Corps, s. m. Mar. shell, hull, etr. Corjis 
(T-un vaisseau, hull of a ship. Corjis d'um 
poulie, shell of a block. Corjis de jmnpe. 
chamber of a pump. Corps morts, trans- 
porting buoys. I^s quatre corp^ de voile, the 
courses and fore and main top sails. Corps 
de /'a/ui//«, centre (of a fleet of men of war.) 

CoRPUi.KNCE, kftr-pfi-l^Ks.s. {. corpulence, 
bigness i.f body, bulkiness. Un hommedepe- 
tite c^r/'idence, a thm, slender man. 

p;iscuiar, corpusoulariai. 

CoRpuscui.E.k,'\r-p&s-A:5l,s. m. corpuscle, 
little boily. atom. 
CoKRKCT, r„ kii-r?kt, aJj. correct. 
CoRRECTEMENT.kft-r^kt-m3n,adv. correct- 
CoRRECTEUR,k3-r?k-t6ar, s. m. corrector, 
reformer, reprover. Correcleur des comptes, 
auditor, officer that examines the accounts of 
the receivers, under-treasurers, etc. 

CoRRKCTiF, k6-r6c-tif, s. m. corrective ; 
edso lenitive, salvo. 

Correction, k6-r?k-s?on,s. f. correction; 
punishment , reproof ; correctness, amendment. 
La correction en est aisee, it is easily amended. 
C'esl unefaate qui iiierite correction, that is such 
a fault as deserves to be punished. Sous voire 
correction, under v.. ur favour. San/ correction, 
sous correcii(»i,adv.under favour, with permis- 

Correctrice, ki-rSk-trls, s. f. she that 
corrects or amends. 

Correctionnel, LE, adj. of or belonging 
to correction. 

CoRRiGinoR, k6-rii-«?-d6r, s. m. corregi- 
dor, Spani^ j<><'ge. 

CoRREi.ATi-F, VE, k6-r&-!ll-t1f, tlv, adj. 
& s. cotrelaiive, having a mutual relation. 

CoKRELATioN, s. f. correlativeness. 

CoRRKSPONf>ANCE, kft-r^s-pon-d^s, s. f. 
correspondence, holding intelligence, agree- 
ment, sympathy. 

respondent, one that hoick a correspondence. 


adj. corresjiondent, suitable, agreeable, sym- 

CoRRESPONDRE,k5-r5s-pondr, v.n. to cor- 
respond or answer, make suitable returns to. 

Corridor, kS-ri-dSr, s. m. corridor. 

CoKRiGER, k6-r?-z&, V. a. to correct, 
amend, reform, reprove, check, chide, punish, 
chastise, temper, soften. Se ccrriger, v. r. to 
mend. )l?f corriger d'un vice, to forseJte a 
vice, reclaim one s self from it. 

Corrigible, k6-r!-i!bl,adj. corrigible. 

CoKROBORATi-F,VE, kS-rS-W-ri-tlf, tiv, 
adj. corroborative, strengthening. 

Corroboration, s. t. the act of strength- 
eni;ig, corroboration. 

CoRROBORER, k6-r6-b3-r&, v. a. to coi^ 
roborate, strengthen. 

CoRRODA-VT, E, atlj. gnawing, corroding. 

CoRRODER, k<i-rft-da, v, a. to corrode 
gnaw or fret. 

CoRRoi, kS-rwi, s. m. currying ar dressing 
of leather ; also bed of clay properly beaten 
and prepared to keep out water. Mar. stuff 
(for jHiijing the ship's brAtom,) cost, coat of 
stuff. Dormer le conoi or la couree a un bdti- 
. ment, to grave or new grave a ship. 
I CoRROMPRE, kd-ro7«pr, V. a. to corrupt, 
taint, deprave, spoil, adulterate or mar ; to 
debauch ; to corrupt, bribe ; to falsify, change 
or alter. Se corrompre, v. r. to cornipt or 
be corrupted, etc. ; to grow tainted ; to defile 
one's self. Bois sujet h se corrmnpre, wood 
apt to decay or be worm-eaten. 

CoRROMPU, E,adj. corrupted, tainted, etc. 
Le frariqais est du latin corrompu, french is 
broken latin. 

Corrompu, s.m. debauchee, libertine. 

CoRRosi-F, VE, kft-rfl-df, ziv, adj. corro- 
sive, gnawing, fretting. 

CoRROsiF,s. m. a corrosive. 

Corrosion, kd-rft-zion, s. f. corrosion, 
gnawing, fretting. 

Corroyer, kfl-rw^-yi, v. a to curry, 
dress leather; to plane or shave {wood ;) to 
join together (iron ;) to beat and mix well (the 
sand and lime of mortar ;) to beat and prepare 
clay so as to make it fit for keeping out ./ater; 
(un canal, etc.) to case with clay. 

CoRROTEUR, k6-rwil-y6ur, s. m. currier, 

Corroyeuse, s. f. currier's wife or widow. 

CouRUDE, s. f. wild asparagus. 

CoRRUPT-EUR, RICE, k6-i^p-t?ur, tr?s, s. 
m. Si. C corrupter, debaucher ; falsifier, forger 
of writings. 

CoRRUPTiBiLiTi, k6-rfip-t!-b!-l!-ti, s. f. 

Corruptible, k6-rflp-t?bl, adj. corrupti- 
ble, that may be corrupted gr bribed. 

Corrupt ion, k6-rflp-s!oM,s. f. corruptioR 
falsification, bribery. 

CoRS, s. m. pi. horns. CerfcU dix cars or 
un cerfde dix cars, middle aged stag, stag of 
seven years old. V. Cor. 

Corsage, kftr-s?Ls, s. m. shape (from the 
shoulders to the hips.) 

CoRSAiRE, kflr-s^r, s. m. corsair, pirate, 
privateer. Metier de corsaire, piracy. 

Corse, s. f. Corsica. 

Corselet, k6rs-l?, s. m. corslet. 

Corset, kflr-s^, s. m. bodice, jumps, quilt- 
ed waist. 

I Cortege, kftr-t^z, s. m. train or retinue 
I of attendants or followers. 
I CoRTicAL,E,k5r-tl-kiil,adj.resemblingbnrk. 
I CoRTiNE, s. f. brass tripod consecrated to 
1 Apollo. 




biae, bflt ; jWne, m^ule, b€urre : hifkiil, c^nt, Whn : v'm : man : bnm. 

Coruscation, kS-ras-ka-s5on, s.f. corus- 
cation, flashing. 

CokVEABLE, k5r-v^-ibl, adj. liable to an 
average or to statute work. 

CoRVEK, k8r-\a, s. f. average, day labour 
due from a vassal to his lord ; ungrateful toil ; 
mean job. 

Corvette, kOr-v?t, s. f. Mar. sloop of 

war, any vessel under twenty guns, 

CORYBANTES, S. m. pi. Ci 

bele's priests. 

brybantes, Cy- 

CoRVMBE, s. m.corymbus. 

CoKVMBiKERK, adj. corymbiferous. 

Coryphee, kft-ri-fa, s. m. Coryphaeus, 
dlief or principal man^ the worthiest. 

Coryse, s. f. sharp numour from the head 
into the nostrils. 

Cosaques, s. m. pi. Cossacks. 

Co-s£cante, s. f. co-secant. 

Co-SEiG.NEUR, s. m. joint lord of a manor. 

Co-siNUS,s. m. co-sine. 

CosMETiQUE, kSs-mSi-tik, adj. cosmetick, 

CosMoGONiE, s. f cosmogony. 

Cosmographe, k5s-m5-grdf,s. m cosmo- 

CosMOGRAPHiE, kSs-m3-gri-f!, s. f. cos- 

CosMOGRAPHiQUE, kfls-mft-gri-fik, adj. 

CosMoi.oGiK.,s.f. knowledge of the general 
laws by wliicii the physical world is governed. 
*Cos.MOL0GiQUE,adj. relating to cosmology. 
Cosmopolite, s. m. cosmopolitan, cosmo- 
polite, citizen of the world. 

CossK, kds, s. f. cod, husk, shell (of peas, 
beans, etc.) Mar. Ex. Cosse de fer, thimlile, 
iron-thimble. Cosse de hois, bull's eye. 
Cosses de hois fix4es aux haubans, trucks of 
the shrouds, seizing trucks. 

Cosse R, v. n. to butt as rams do. 

CossoN, k6-so«, s. m. weevil; bud of the 

Cossu, E, kft-sfl,si'i, adj. husky, shell}-, cod- 
ded ; homnie cossu, rich, substantial man. // 
en conte de Men cossues, he is a great roman- 

Costal, e, adi. costal, of the sides. 

CosTiER,E,auj. wideoflliemark. Arque- 
tuse cosliere, gun that shoots wide. Sort coup 
est coslier, his shot is wide of the mark. 

Costume, k5s-ium, s. m. costume (in 
jKnnting and j:oetry.) 

Costumer, v. a. to dress, clothe according 
to the age or nation. 

Co-tangentk, s. f. co-tangent. 

Cote, s. f letter, figure, mark (used as la- 
bels to writings, etc.) Ces pieces sottt sous la 
cote A, those napers are marked A. Cote 
maUaillee, selllement by the lump. 

C6te, k(!)t,s. f. rib ; extraction, loins ; {of 
musk m^lon) slice ; (of piirslain)slo\k , side, 
brow, declivity, down hill. Cote de ttUh, 
piece of the body of a lute. C6te-a-c6te, 

Cote, s. f. Mar. shore, coast, sea-coast. 
Cote basse, flat coast. Cute saine, clear coast. 
C&te vuttsaine, foul coast. Cole de fer or a 
pic, sleep shore. ^Cute an vent du raisseau, 
weather-shore. Cole som le vent dn i-aissea7t. 
lec-shore. Cotes (d^un raisseau,) ribs. Vais- 
teau qui a les cults roTw/es, found sided shio. i 
Faire cote, to run alshore. I 

C6te, k(!)-ta, s. m. side ; wa}' ; party ; pa- 
rentage, line. lis marchent a i6t^ I'unde 
I'autre, they walk abreast. 11 est tonjours a 
vion cot^, he is always by mc. Du cote d'ori- 
eitt, eastwards. De ?uon cdt4, for my own 
part. On la dicrie fort du cotedela tendresse, 
she is much blamed for being too tender. Cha 
cun regarde les choses du cute qui le tnuche, 
every one regards things as they aflea him. 
S' 7iiettre du c6te de qitelqu'un, to side with 
one. De cote, adv. sideways. Mettre une 
chose de cuti, to put a thing aside. A cdt4 de, 
I by the side of; also eaual to, upon a level 
I with. A cote, aside. Dormer a. coti, to mL» 
I the mark. 

Cute, s. m. Mar. side, Cot^ d'un imsseau, 
side of a ship. Se coucher svr le cut4, to heel 
over (speakmg of a vessel agreund.) C6t^ 
du verd, wealner-side. Cote de dessmis U 
vent, lee-side. Mettre un bdtiment sur le cute 
or a la hande, to heel a ship. Vaissean qui a 
le cote droit, wall sided ship. Vaisseau qui a. 
le rdte foible, crank ship. Vaisseau qui a It 
rut^. fort, stiffship. Vaisseau qui a un faux 
cote, lap-sided ship. 

Coteau, Vh-\h, s. m. hill, li'tle hill, hillock. 

Coteeette, kAt-l?t,s. f. Cdtelettedemmuon_ 
mutton chop. Cotelette de reau, veal cutlet. 

Coter, kft-t^, v. a. to set marks (figures o» 
letters) on or in the margin of. V. Citer. 

Coterie, kftt-rl, s. f. club, society, coterie. 

CoTHURNE,ka-tarn,s. m. buskin. CIujms 
ser le coihunie, to write tragedies, talk in the 
heroick style. 

CoTi, E, adj. braised (said of fruit only.) 

C6T1ER, kA-tm, adj. V. PUole 

C6TIERE, kA-ti^r, s. f. range of coasts ; also 
bonier (in a garden.) 

CoTiGNAc, kfi-t?-gni, s. m. marmalade of 
quinces. Le fronvi^e est le cotiffnac de Bac 
ctius, cheese relishes a glass of wine. 

Cotillon, kd-t?-/ow, s. m. petticoat wan- 
der-petticoat ; a/50 cotillon (a French country- 

CoTiR, k5-t?r, V. a. to bruise (said of fruit 
bruised by hail, etc.) 

CoTisATioN, kd-t!-zi-s?oii, g. f. rating, as- 

CoTisER, k3-t1-za, V. a. to rate, assess. 

CoTissURE, k5-t?-si!ir, s.f. bruising of fruit 
by hail, ete. La cotissureempScheqne les fruits 
ne soient de garde, fruit when bruised will not 

CoTON, k6-to«, s. m. cotton ; (of fruit) 
down, mossiness; down or soft hair (of Uie 
chin.) Toile de colon, calico. 

CoTONNER, k6-i5-n^, v. a. to stuff with 
cotton. Se cotonner, v. r. to be covered with 
j dr)wn or soft hair ; to wear nappy ; and grow 
spongy. Cheveux cotonn^s, woolly hair. 

CoTONNEU-x, SE, kS-tS-nf^-u, n^uz, adj. 
soft like wool or cotton ; also spongy. 

CoToNMER, kS-ift-n?i, s. m. cotton-tree. 

CoTONNiNE, kS-tft-nln, s. f. coarse thick 
cotton cloth. 

C(hoNNis, s. m. Indian satin. 

CrtTOYER, k(S-twa-y?i, v. a. to coast along, 
go along or keep close to the shore ; go by 
the side or along; walk by the side of. 

CoTRET, kftt-r(^,s. m. little fftgot. De I'hmle 
de cotret, sound drubbing, oil ofstrap. 

CoTTE, s. f. petticoat. Dotimr la tottt 
verte, to ^ive a ^fcti gbw». Cotte H'armet 




bir, b^i, base : th^re, ^bb, ovir : field, f?g : rObe, rftb, I8rd : m6od, gftod. 

sort of cassock worn under ihe cuirass. CoUe 
de mailles, coat of mail. CoUe morte, mone^" 
and moveables which a monk leaves at his 

Cotter, Mar. V. Cutter. 

CoTTKRON, kdi-ron, s. m. short narrow 

CoTULA, s. f. a sort of plant. 

Cou, kfto.s. m. (formerly written col) iieck. 
Mottrlioir de cou, neckerchief. Tour de cou, 
neckcloth. Suuler au cou, or se Jeter au cou 
de quelqu'wi, to hug or embrace o)ie. Coiijier 
le cou, to behead, liompre le cmi h xme affaire, 
to make a thing miscarrj'. Pimare ses 
jambes a son cou, to set out m haste, take to 
one's heels. 

*CoL'ARD, K, s. m. & f. coward, dastard. 

*CouARU!SE, s. f. cowardice. 

CoucHANT, kOo-sh^.u, adj. setting. Le cou- 
cliant, the w est. Chien coucliant, setting dog 
or setter. Le soleil couchan', sunset. A so- 
leil couchant, at sunset. Faire le chien cou- 
cliant. to creep and crouch, cringe to one, 
fawn upon him. 

CoucHE, kSosh, s. f. bed, bedstead ; hot- 
bed ; coat, lay, layer, laying on (said ofjtaiid, 
etc.) lay, slake; bul-end ; delivery ; child-bed 
linen ; child-bed, lying in. PendajU sa cou- 
che or ses couches, during her lying in- Faire 
aescouches,elre en couche,{o he in. Elk est 
morte en couche, she died in child-bed. Heu- 
reuse couche, good delivery. Fausse coixhe, 
miscarriage. Faire une fausse couche, to 
miscarry. Semer sitr couche, to sow in a 
hot-bed. Jl/aut donner trois couches de btanc 
h Phuile, it must have three coats of white 

CouchI, e, adj. put to bed, ric. a-bed; 
also lying. A snleil conch4, after sun-sel. 
Etre cmu:he, Mar. to lie along or over. 

Couch EE, kAo-shi, s. f. place where one 
l«dges on the road. Payer sa couchee, to pay 
for a night's !o<lgine. 

CoucHKK, kfto-sli?l, V. a. to put to bed ; to 
lay down ; lo beat down (grain ;) to lodge ; to 
lay along; to lay ; to lay on ; to stake, bet ; 
toset or w rile down. Voucher quelqu'un )xxr 
terre or snr le carreau, to knock one down, lay 
one dead u|X)u me ground. Coucher une lion- 
teille sur le cote, lo empty a bottle. Coucher 
en jove, lo lake one's aim at one. Coucher 
en joue, lo have in one's eye, have a design 
upon. *// couche bieu jxirecrit, he writes well 
or has a good siyle in writing. 

Coucher, v. n." lo lie or lie down, /.a parte 
a cduchf otirert^ the door has been left open 
all night. Se coucher, v. r. to go to bed ; to 
lie tlown ; lay one's self down ; lo set, go down, 
fall bciOw me horizon ; lo sit (said oj clothes.) 
Alter se coucher or s'aller coucher, to go to 
bed II y a une heure que la lune est couchee, 
or s''est roucht^e, the moon has been down or 
set this hour. 

CoucHEK, s. m. going lo bed, bed-time : 
bed, bedding ; setting (q/ the sun, etc.) H est 
delicat pour le coucher, he is nice about his 
bedding. Prier Dieu a son coucher, to say 
one's prayers every night or before one goes 
to bed. Je ne le vois qu^a son lever et a son 
toucher, I never see him but when he rises 
and goes to bed. Le coucher du roi, ihe 
king's couchee. Le petit coucher du roi, the 
time from the king's taking leave of the com- 

pany to his going lo bed. Couclier du soleil, 

Couchette, k5o-sh?t, s. f. couch, little 
bed. Un mignon de coucliette, a spark, a gal- 
lant, a beau. 

CoucHEU-R, SE, k5o-sh?ur, sh^uz, s. m. 
& f. bed-fellow. Used only with ton or com- 
mode (nice,) maurais or incommode (disa- 
greeable, troublesome.) 

CoucHis, s. m. beams and sand which are 
under the pavement of a bridge. 

*Couci Couci, kdo-si-Jv6o-si, adv. so so, 

Coucou, kSo-k5o, s. m. cuckoo. 

Co u n E , k?x)d , s. m.elbow. Hausser le coude, 
to carouse, fuddle or drink hard, tune. Mtf 
raille or riviere qui fait un coude, wall or river 
that makes an an^fe or elbow. 

CouDEE, kfto-da, s. f cubit. Avoir ses coU" 
dees f ranches, lo have elbow room, full liberty. 
CouuE-piED, kftod-pli, s. m. instep. 
CouDER, kfto-da, v. a. to bend like an elbow. 
Cou DOVER, kfto-dw^-ya, v. a. to elbow, 
thrust with the elbow. 

CouuRAiE, kflo-dr6, s. f. grove or copse of 

CouuRE, kiodr, s. m. nut-tree, hazel-tree. 

CoUDRE, k6o(lr, v. a. lo sew or stitch. 
Coudre la peau du renard a celle du lion, to 
add stratagem lo force. 

CouDRiER, kfto-drii, s. m. hazel-tree, fil- 

CouENNEU-x, SE, adj. that has the qui 
lies of sward. 

CouETTE, s. f. feather-bed. 


Coui.AGE, kfto-lfitj^s. m. leakage. 

CouLAMMENT, kfto-l^-m?n, adv. fluently, 
readily, freely. 

Coui.ANT, kfto-l^n, s. m. necklace of dia- 
monds or other precious stones. 

CouLANT, E, kfto-l^w, 1^7it, adj. flowing, 
etc. (style) flowing, fluent, smooth, that runs 
well. V. Colder. Noeud coulant, running 
knot, slip-knot. 

CouLE, E, adj. run, dc. CouU h fondL, 
sunk. La botUe est coulee, the buoy is gone 

Coul4, s. m. sort of smooth step (in done 
ing;) also sort of gliding from one note to an 
other (in musick.) 

Coul£e,s. f. a leaning mode of writing 
Ecriture coulee, running hand. 

Coui.ement, s. m. flux. Coulement de 
sang, bloody-flux. 

Coui.ER, kfto-la, V. n. to flow, run, glide 
along ; slip, pass away ; slide away ; to nin 
out, leak ; to melt ; to glide ; flow, be fluent ; 
just touch upon. Les Tannes lui coulent det 
yeu.r, the lears trickle down from his e^es. Le 
nez lui coule, his nose runs or drops. La chan- 
delle coule, the candle swales. La rigne 
coule, the grapes drop or fall off. Ces melons 
ont coulf, tlie fruit has dropl or fallen off from 
those melon plants. Les jviroles lui coidenf 
de la bouche, he speaks very fluently. Cmder 
a fond or couler has, Mar. to sink, founder. 
Couler (parlant des inarioeuvres,) lo render. 
Ce vaisseau coule bos d'eau, that ship makes 
more water than the pumps can discharge.^ 

Couler, V. a. to strain (liquor ;) to sl:p, 
convey slily or cunningly ; to insinuate ; to 





buse, bflt : j^itne, m^ute, beuiTe : ^nfait, c&it, lien : vira ; mow ; bru7J. 

melt; (in musick) to pass smoothly over; 
Mar. to sink. 

Se couler, v. r. to slip, creep. 

CouLKUR,k6o-l^ur, s. f. colour; {of cards) 
suit ; complexion ; pretence, show; brown (of 
toast, meat, etc.) La cmileur lui monta au vi- 
tage, he coloured up, the blood came in his 
face, /.es pales couleurs. the green sickness. 
Jeter de !a couleur, lo follow suit. Couleurs, 
livery. Geiis qui fiortent les couleurs, livery 
servants. Donner des cozileurs it une affaire, 
to colour a business. 

Coui-KUVRE, k6o-I^uvr,s. f adder. Avaler 
descouleuvres, to swallow a gudgeon. II a Men 
caxde des couleuvres, he has gone through a 
great deal of sorrow, he has had many crosses., s. m. young adder. 

CouLiuvREE, kSo-!^i-vra,s. f.orCouLE- 
VREE, brionv (a plant.) 

CouLEU VRiNK, k5o-l§u-vr?n, s. f. culveriu., k6o-H, adj. m. Ex. Un vent coulis, 
a wind that comes through a hole or chink. 

CouLis, s. m. cullis ; also gravy. 

Coulisse, k6o-l?s, s. f gutter, groove; 

wing of a scene. Coulisse a/arholeie, chase 

or gutter of a crossbow. Coulisse de galee, 

slice, a printer's galley. 

Couloir, koS-lwir, s.m. strainer, colander. 

Couloire, s. f. a colemder. 

*CouLPE, kSolp, 8. f. fault, misdeed, tres- 
pass, sin. 

CoULURE, kSo-Iflr, s. f drying up, or fall- 
JHg off of grapes, also running waste (qfmell- 
edmetaiiclien poured into the mould.) 

Coup, kOo,s. m. blow ; stroke ; stripe; dash; 
rap, knock ; (of a clock) striking ; firing, 
discharge, .shot ; (oj fire arms) report ; (of a 
sword) thrust ; (of ,a net), casting, 
sweep ; (of a claw) scratch ; gust, sudden 
gust, gale ; (of thunder) clap; (at chequers) 
move ; (al dice) throw, cast ; (in gaming) 
hit,, chance ; accident ; ntt, action, 
deed, attempt ; (of wine) a g\v>s ; time, 
touch, bout, sweep ; un coup, one, once ; 
deux coups, twice ; trois coups, three times, 
thrice, etc. 11 le iiia d'un coup d'epiee, he 
killed him with a sword. 11 le ttta a coups 
d'epee, he killed him with repeated thrusts 
of a sword. II fut bless^ d'un coup de pisto- 
let, he was wounded with a pistol .shot. Ccntp 
de pied, kick. Donner des coups de pied, to 
kick., n n'y a qu'zm coup de pied jusque-la, 
it is but a step to that place. Vonnez un coup 
de pied Jjesque-lh, step {Wither. Coup de po- 
vVy, cuir or fisty cuft. Donjier des coups de 
poing, to cuff. Coups de baton, cudgelling, 
bastinado. Donner des coups de baton, to 
cane or cudgel. Coup de de7it, biting, bite. 
Uu coup de peigne, once combing. Coup 
d'ceit, casting one's eyes upon, glance, view, 
prospect, sight. Un coup de siljlet, a whistle 
or whistling. Coup de fouet, lasli or jerk. 
Cotip mortel, mortal blow or wound. Coup 
de mer, billow, surge or mighty sea ; aho shock 
of a heavy sea. Coup de fmdre, thunderbolt. 
Manquer son coup, to miss one's aim. Don- 
ner im coup de come a un cheral, to bleed a 
horse. Faire entrer un clou a coups de mar- 
teau, to drive in a nail with a hammer. Coup 
fourri', (in fencing) interchanged IhrusU. 
Donner des cmips fourrh, to mlerchange 
thru.sts or to run one another through. Auer 
mx coups, to go to loggerheads. Se fourrer 

aux coups, to expose one's self at random 
Prendre une place d'un coup de main, to take 
a town without cannon. It y aura bien des 
coups donnes, there will be hard fighting. 
Coup de Imsard or de fortune, coup a'aven- 
lure, mere chance. Coup de tete, inconsider- 
ate action. Coup d'atni, friendly turn. Un 
coup du del or d'en-haut, a great providence. 
Un coup d'etat, a stroke of policy. Coup 
d'eclai, remarkable action. Coup d'essai, 
first essay. Porter coup, to hit home. 11 ne 
tire coup qui ne jwrte, he hits every time, he 
shoots true. La plus petite tolerance parte coup, 
the least toleration is of consequence. Faire 
un coup de sa main, to steal or filch. C'est un 
coup de la main, it is thy own handy work. 
Se hater de faire son coup, to hasten the execu- 
tion of one's design, taire un coup de grille, 
to strike a ball into the hazard. Faire d'une 
pierre deux coups, to kill two birds with one 
stone. Coup perdu, random-shot. Tirer 
a coup perdu, to shoot at random. C'est un 
coup jperdu, that's nothing. C'est un grand 
coup, it is a great matter. Les plus grands 
coups sont rues, the storm is pretty well over, 
the woi.; is p*st. Avoir un coup de hache, to 
be a li't]«« crack-brained. Ne gagnerai-je 
pas un cc-'sp ? shall 1 not win so much as 
one e ? shs.ll i aiways be beaten ? Ace coup, 
pott} it c'^f, 'vr>w. Tout a coup, all of a sud- 
den, suddenly. ToiU d'un coup, at once, all 
j at onoe, at one dash or bout. Du premier coup, 
presently, at the first. A tmis coups, at every 
turn, ever and anoit. Apres coup, too late. 
Coup sur coup, one after another. A coup 
s&r, certainly, assuredly, surely. Encore tm 
coup, once more. 

Coup, s. m. Mar. Ex. Coup de barre or de 
gouvemail, wild steering. Coup de rame, 
stroke (in rowing.) Coup de swide, cast of 
the lead. Coup de roidis, roll. Un coup de. 
tangage, a pitch. Coup de vent, gale, 
stormy weather. Cottp de vent forcd, stress 
of weather. Faire un coup df, rent, to over- 
blow ; see Coup de vent before. Coup de 
canon, gun fired. Co7jp de canon de Diane, 
morning gun, or morning watch gun. Cottp 
de cation de retraite, evening gvm, or evening 
watch gun. Cmip de canon de parlunce, gun 
fired as a signal for sailing. Coup de canon 
d'assislance, gun fired as a signal for assist- 
ance. Cotip de canon d'assurance, gun fired 
by a ship when she shows her colours to 
affirm the truth of her being really of the na- 
tion whose colours she displays. Coup ae 
canon h I eau, shot received under water. Coup 
de carum en plein bois, shot received in the 
upper works of a ship. 

CouPABLE, kSo-pibI, adj. guilty, culpa- 
ble, faulty, in fault. 

Coupe, k8op, s. f cup, cutting or cutting 
out ; cutting down, felling ; (at cards) cut ; 
(of a house, ship, <^c,) view. 

Coupe, s. f. Mar. Ex. A la coupe de ser 
voile.i, je juge que le batimetit chassi est un 
raisseau de guerre franqais, by the cut of hei 
sai.'s I think the chase is a French man of war. 

Coupe, e, adj. c\i\,etc. (in heraldry) coup- 
ed ; (of styie) broken, loose. Paijs coupe, 
country intersected with canals, rivers, etc. 
ImH coup/!, milk and water, or milk boiled 
with water. 

Coupe, s. m. coupee (in dancing.) 




bir, bat, base : th^re, ^bb, over : field, Hg : r6be, r6b, I6r<.\ : ni6od, gSod. 

CouPEAC, kflo-pA, s. m. cop or top of a 
hill. See also Copeatt. 

CorPE-cu,s. m. Ex. Joiier nn cottpe-rv, 
to pla>' or set a game wiihout-revenge. 

Coi'PE-GORGE, kSop-gftrs, s. m. place in- 
fested with robbers or cut-iliroats. 

CouPE-j.\RRET, s. m. villain, ruffian, cut- 
throat, ass3S.sin. 

CouPEi.LE,lcfto-p?l.s.f.coppel. Argent de 
coiipelle, line silver. Mettre a la coiipctle, to 
but to the test or trial. Passer a la cmipelle, 
to stand the test. 

CoL'PEi,i,ER, V. a. to try or assay gold or 
silver l>y thecoppel. 

CouPER, kfto-pl, V. a. to cut ; to cut out; 
lo cut down, reap ; to fell ; to spay ; to cut, 
geld ; to carve, cut up ; to cut off; 'o divide, 
intersect. Couper clieniin h qiielqu'un, to stop 
ojie's way. Caliper chemin a un mal, to stop 
an evil, put a stop to it. Couper les rivres a 
taif armee, to cut off an army's provisions. 
Couper la parvk a qi/elqu'im, to interrupt one 
that speaks; also to cut one short, silence 
one. CoujKr court, to cut short, shorten. 
Pour couper court, to be short, in short. 
Couper cu, not lo give a revenge (at games.) 
Son carrosse rtoiis coupa, his coach crossed us. 
Coufier du tin, to mix wines together or with 

Couper, V. a. Mar. to cut, cut away, break, 
cross. Couper la ligne, to break the line. 
Couper la ligne ^qninoxiale, to cross the line I 
or the equator. Cette f regale coupa sa ma- 
ture, tliat frigate cut away her masts. Cou- 
pcms le cable pow Mter ce batimeitt en feu, let 
us cut our cable to keep clear of that ship on 

Couper, v. n. to cut ; also to play or be of 
the game (at lansquenet.) Se couper, v. r. to 
cut one's self ; to cut, hit one leg with the 
other (said of a horse ;) lo contradict one's 
self, falter ; to cross, cross one another ; to 
cut, tiet, wear out. 
CouPERET, k&op-r^, s. m. butcher's cleaver. 
CouPEROSE, k6op-r6z, s. f copperas. 
CouPEROSK, E, kdop-rd-za, adj. red. full of 

CouPE-TgTE, leap-frog. 

CoupEU-R, SE, k5o-p^ur, piuz, s. m. &. f. 
cutter; also one who plays (at lansquenet.) 
Cn^ipeur de bourse, cut-purse. Coupeur de 
raisins, one that cuts or gathers grapes. 

Couple, kdopl, s. m. couple of persons. 

Couple, s. f couple {of things, etc.) Une 
couple d'opufs, a couple of eggs. Une couple 
de bceufs, a ^-oke of oxen. Une couple de 
li^vres or de perdrix, a brace of hares or par- 
tridges. Whien two things necessarily con- 
nected are spoken of, as shoes or gloves, the 
word paiheisnsed. 

Couple, s. f iMar. frame, timber, etc. Mai- 
tresse couple, midship frame. Couples de 
Cavanl, fore Sod y. Couples de Farrihe, B.f- 
ter body. Couples de remplissas:e,Si\\\ng tim- 
bers. Couples dfiroyees, cant timbers. Couple 
de lof, loof frame or loof timbers. Couples 
perpendiculairts ^ la quille orplacees a I'equerre, 
square timbers. Couples de coltis, foremost 
frame or knuckle timbers. Couples de ba- 
tancenient, balance timbers or frames. Couples 
de levee, frames (of a ship, said of those frames 
aniy designed on the shipwright's plan and 

Coupler, k6o-pla, v. a. to couple 

Couplet, k5o-pI^, s. m. staff or stanza; 
also lampoon. Couplets, s. m. pi. Mar. hinges. 
Couplets a queue d'hironde or d'aronde, dove- 
tail hinges. 

CoupLETER, V. a. to lampoon in verse. 

CoupoiRjS. m. cutter, instrument for cut^ 
ting or clipping {coins, metals, etc.) 

Cou POLE, k6o-p5l, s. f. interior piirt of a 

Coupon, kfto-pon, s. m. (of cloth) shred, 
remnant ; also dividend, instalment. 

CoupuRE, kfio-pur, s. f. cut, gash ; also in- 
trenchmeni behind a broach. 

CouR, kSor.s. f. court ; courtyard. Basse' 
cour, barn-yard. Homme dy. cour, courtier. 
Faire sa cour & quelqu'mi, to make one's 
court to one, pay attendance lo one, wail on 
one. Faire la cour au-x belles, to court the la- 

CouRADOUX,s. m. Mar. space between 
two decks ; place where the soldiers sl«ep (in 

Courage, k6o-rSi, s.m. courage, valour, 
stoutness, mettle, spirit, constancy, resolution, 
boldness; affection; passion, mind, beari, 
hardness of heart, cruelty. Ldche courage, 
courage bas, bassesse de courage, faint-hearted- 
ness, sneakingness, base-spirit. Prendre 
courage, to cheer up, pluck up a good heart. 
Manquer de courage, to be faint-nearted or 
discouraged. Doniierdti courage a quelqu'un, 
to encourage one. Grandeur de courage, 
magnanimity, greatness of soul or spirit. 
Courage ! cneerup ! 

Courageusemext, kfto-rS-;6ut-m?n, adv. 
courageously, stoutly, valiantly, briskly, re- 
solutely, boldly, fiercely. S'opjwser coura- 
geuseinent aux emiemis, to make a stout resist- 
ance against the enemy. 

CouRAGEU-x, se, kSo-rS-i^u, zhiz, adj. 
courageous, stout, valiant, brave, resolute, 
bold, daring, fierce. 

Courammekt, kSo-ra-m?n, adv. hastily, 
in a hurry; currently, fluently ; rapidly, rea 
dily, easily. ' 

CouRANT, E, k6o-r^, r^t, adj. running. 
Lannee courante, the present year. Monnoie 
courante, current coin or money. Chien cou- 
r«»rf, beagle or hound. Leprix courani,ihe 
current price, the market price. Maladie 
courante, prevailing distemper. Tout courant, 
adv. readily, easily, fluently, without hesita- 
tion. En courant, cursorily, in haste. 

CouRANT, s. m. (// de I'eau) current, 
stream. Le couraid, the usual rate ; also the 
present or current month, instant ; and the 
present quarter oi-year. Le courant du mar- 
che, the market price. Le courant des affaires, 
the course of affairs. /-e courant de la 
meule d'un nwulin, the runner, tlie upper 

Courante, s. f. courant or courante (sort 
of dance ;) also thorough go-nimble or loose- 

Courbatons, s. m. pi. Mar. small knees, 
knees, brackets. Cotirbatons des herpes or de 
Peperon, brackets. Courbatons de hune, knees 
of a top. 

CouRBATU,E,k6or-bJ-ta,ti!i, adj. founder 
ed", exhausted with fatigue. 

Courbature, kftor-bi-tur, s. f. founder 
ing (of a horse ;) painful lassitude. 




ir, bit, base : thrre, ^bb, over : field, f?g : r6be, rSb, Ifird : m6od, gftod. 

CouRBE, kftorb,adi. crooked, curved; bent. 

CoUKBK, s. f. crooK, crooked piece of tim- 
ber, curb (swelling in a horse's legs.) 

Cvurbe, .s. f. 31ar. knee, standard, support- 
er, etc. Courbes du premier poiH, deck tran- 
Bom knees or hanging knees of the lower 
deck (in a ship of two decks.) Courhes du 
second jhmt, hanging knees ol the upper or 
■lain deck. Courbes verlicales du pn/ii, stand- 
ards. Courbes ttrticales or obliques, hanging 
knees. Courbes horitontaks, lodging knees. 
Courbt h iquerre, square knee. Courbes 
d'arcasse, transom knees. Courbes d'arcusse 
de la sainte-barbe, wing-transom knees, 
helm-port transom knees. Courbes de rern- 
plissage, dead wood. Courbes cles biltes, 
standards of the bits. Courbe de capucine, 
standard which fastens the cut water to the 
stem. Courbe d'etambord, knee of the stern- 
post. Courbe de bossoir, supporter of the cat- 
head. Courbes de jottereaux, cheeks of the 
nead. Courhes de gaillard, hanging knees of 
the quarter-deck and fore-castle. Courbes de 
fer, iron knees. 

CotHBEMEiNT, kftorb-m^n, s. m. bending. 

CouiiBKR, kdor-l)4, V. a. to bend or bow, 
make crooked. Courber, v. n. ^St; cowber, v. 
r. to bend, bow, stoop. 

CouRBETTE, k8or-b^t, 9. f. curvct, curvct- 
ting of a horse. 

"CouRBETTER, kdor-bS-t^, V. n. to curvet. 

CouRBURE, kSor-bAr, s. m. crookedness, 
bent or bending, curvity. 

CouRCAiLLET, k5or-ki-/§, s. m. catcall, 

CouRctvE, s. f. Mar. sort of deck which 
goes round the sides of an open boat. 

CouREE, s. f. CouRET, s. m. V. Corroi. 

CouREUR, kSo-r^ur, s. m. runner, ram- 
bler, idle boy, running footman, rover or sea 
rover or pirate, rover or inconstant lover ; 
also [said of horses,) courser, racer. Cou- 
reurs, scouts. Coureur de rin, ofiicer that 
carries provisions with him for the king when 
he rides abroad, but especially when he rides 
a hunting. 

Coureuse, s. f. gadder, rambling 9r gossip- 
ing woman ; also prostitute, wl ,re, street 

CouRGE, kSori, s. f gourd, calabash. 

Courier, kfto-ria. V. Courrier. 

CouRiR, k6o-r?r, v. n. to run ; to nm up 
and ck>wn, ramble about, rove ; flow, stream ; 
to run, glide, slip, go or pass away ; to go on, 
run on; to be in vogue or in fashion, be cur- 
rent, prevail. Courir la poste, to ride post. 
Courir h une clmrge, to be in a fair way of 
getting an office. Courir aprh qvelque chose, 
to run after a thing, ambitiously to seek at'ter 
it, court it. La nonvelle or le bruil court qu'il 
est mart, it is said, it is given out or reported, 

there is a talk or report, that he is dead. , curlew, 

I Courir sus, to fall upon. Doimer h courir a 
! quelqti'un, to force one to stir about. 

Courir, v. a. to pursue, hunt, course. Cou- 
rir une charge, to huiit after a place ; (un 
benefice) to sue for ; (un clievu) to gallop or 
run ; {fortune, risque) to run the hazard. 
Courir une belle fortune, to be in a fair way 
of preferment. Courir le plot pays, to spoiJ, 
waste, harass and ravage a country ; to p'-l- 
lage and plunder or infest the country, to 
make inroads into it. Courir la mer or lea 
fliers, to rove on or up and down the sea, in 
fest the seas. Courir le juiys, courir le iiionde, 
to range the world, go up and cbwn the 
world, travel about. Courir le baj, to go from 
one ball to another. Courir les rtielles, to 
pay frequent visits to ladies. Courir la bague, 
to run the rii.g or at the ring. Etre fou h 
courir les rues or les cluimps, to be mad or 
stark, staring mad, to be out of one's wits. 
Courir Its tables, to ^o a sponging, be a smell 
feast, or a trencher ny. 

Courir, v. a. Mar. to nui, sail, stand, etc. 
Courir tribord or courir a la bordAe detribord, 
to run or stand on the starboard tack. Courir 
bubord amure, to Stan 1 on the larboard tack. 
Courir a mats et a corde.s or courir h sec, to 
scud a hull or to scud under bare poles. Cou- 
rir it, toides voiles, to trend, crowd all sail 
Courir au large, to stand for the offing, to 
stand off shore. Courir rent largue, to sail 
or go large. Courir vent arriere or de^-ant le 
r^nt, to scud, run or go befort- the wind, 
Courir avec les basses voiles, to go under a 
\ of courses. Courir une couture de bor- 
daoes avec des bandes de nonvelle toile, to par- 
cel a seam. Courir au plus prex, to stand 
close upon the wind. Courir au nord, au 
sud, a .' est or a I'ouest, to stand to the north- 
ward, southward, eastward or westward. 
Courir de bout au corps sur un bdtiment. to run 
end on \.pon a ship. Courir bord h coritre, 
to stand upon a different tack to a vessel in 
sight. Courir des bords, to ply to windward. 
Courir la houliiK, to run the gauntlet. Cou- 
rir le nieme bord, to stand u|X)n the same 
tack (with a ship in sight.) Courii lagrandt 
bordee, to keep watch at sea. Courir en la- 
titude or en longitude, to rundown latitude or 
longitude. Courir les ^coutes largues, t«i sail 
with a flowing sheet. Courir surun dattj^er, 
to stand for a shoal. Courir sur un parallkle, 
to keep in the same latitude. Courir sur sa 
paune, to shiiot (when lying to) main or fore 
topsail to the mast. Faire courir un bdtiment 
sur sa panne, to shoot a ship's (when .ying to) 
fore or main topsail to the mast. Faire courir 
une matuxuvre, to pass along a rope. Courii 
sur son ancre, to go over the anchor. Courir 
sur son air, to holtl one's way. 
CouRLiEi; or Courlis, kflor-U, s. m. 

Faire courir un bruit, lobe the author of a 
report, spread a reporter news. Courir sur I 
lemarche de quelnu'un, to go to take a bar- 
gain out of one's hands ; also to interfere with 
one. Au temps qui court, as times go. Ma- 
ladieq'xi court, rite disease. Les saiit^s cou- \ 
roient i la ronde, the healths or toasU went | 
round Faire courir Us voix, to put the I 
question to vole. Faire courir un manifeste, 
tOf)ublish a manifesto. Les manifestes qu'on 

CouROi, V. Courroi. 

Couronne, kSo-rdn, s. f. crown, diadem, 
sovereignty, monarchy, kingdom, garland, 
wreath, priest's shaven crown ; halo ; cornet 
(o//iors<;;)coronet (of a duke, earl, marquis.^ 
Ouirage h couromie, a crown work (in fortf 
f cation.) Enter en couronne, to graft between 
the bark and the tree. 

CouRONNi,E, adj. crowned, rewarded, en« 
'lompassed, en\ir«ned. Arbre couronn^, a 

faii courir. the manifestos that are abroad. I' tree that ceases budding e.xcept at the ex 



bkr, bat, base : th^re, Sbb, 


flela, fig : r6be, rftb, I6rd : ni6od, giod. 

Iremity of the brandies. Otivrage couronrie, 
crown work {in fortification.) Cheval cou- 
rormi, a horse that has worn the hair off his 
knees by frequent stumbling. 

CouRONNEMENT, kfto-r&n-m^, coro- 
nation ; finishing touch, perfection ; crowning, 
top, coping (in architecture,) crown work (iw 
fortijicalion.) Mar. taffarel. 

CounoN NER, k6o-r6-n^, v. a. to crown ; to 
recompense or reward ; to crown, make per- 
fect, finish. 

CouRONNURK, kfio-rft-niW, s. f. palmer or 
bfcuiching horns of a stag, 

CouRPENDE, V. Capende. 

CouRRE, kior, V. n. which is cor^tigcUed 
Hie same as Courir, and tchich signifies the 
same thing, is now seldom used for Courir ex- 
cept in stick expressions as Coui re le cerf, la 
bague,des chevaux, to hunt or course, to run ; 
OTM laisser courre, to let the hounds loose ; 
but in every instance Courir may be substitut- 
ed, which see. 
CouRRE, s. m. suitable country fw the chase. 
CouRRiER,s. m. courier, express, messen- 
ger. Courri^re, s. f. is sometivies used in poe- 

CouRROi, V. Corroi. 

CouRROiE, k5o-nvii, s. f. strap, leather 
string, latchet. 

CouRROUCE, E, adj. provoked, angered, 

ngry, raging. 
Co I 

best course. ll/tU court d'argent, his money 
fell short. It est coiirle de )nt'moire or il a la 
memoire courte, he has a short memory. Armr 
la rue coiirte, to be short-sighted. Ses vues 
sont caiirtes, he is short-sighted, he wants fore- 
cast. Vaisseau court, Mar. short ship. 

Court, adv. short. Pour vous le faire 
court, to be short, in short, to sum up all, not 
to hold you long. S'arreter tout couH, to 
stop short or suddenly or on a sudden. Je 
me retirai tout court, I went away presenfly. 
Demeurer tout court, to be at a stand, not to ' 
know what to say, to be mum, to be put to the 
stand or nonplus. Tenir de court, to keep 
short, keep under, keep, keep a strict band 
over. Prendre qiteiqu'un de court, to be hard 
with one, press one. 
CotiRTAGE, k&or-ti.z, s. m. brokerage. 
CocRTAUD, E, k6or-t6, t6d, s. m. & f. 
short thick-set person; short bassoon; also 
horse whose ears and tail are cropped. Chien 
courtaud, cropped dog. Courtaud or cour- 
taud de boutique, shop-boy. 

CouRTAUDER, k6or-tS-dl, V. a. to crop a 
horse's tail. 

C0URT-BOCII.1.0N, kSor-b5o-/on, s. m. 
particular way of dressing fish. 

CouRTE-BOULE, s. f. bowls, short bowls. 
CouRTE-HALEiNE,kftr-t5-l4n,s.f. asthma. 
*CouRTEME^■T, kiort-mgn, adv. briefly, 
in a few words. 
^o'ukr'oucer, k&o-r&o-s?i, V a. to anger, CouRTE-PoiNTE,kftort-pwint, s. f. coun- 
provoke to anger. Se couircucer, v. r. to terpane or counterpoint, 
grow angry, fly in a passion ; to rage. Courtepointier, e, s. m. & f. maker or 

CouRRODX, k6o-r6o, s. ir. anger, wrath, seller of counterpanes, 
passion, raging {n/tlie sea.) Courtier, kftor-till,s. m. broker. Courtier 

CouRS, kftor, s. m. course ; stream. current; ' ie c/iaw/x, jockey, jockey courser. Courtier 
term or space ; train ; course, progress, cur- rfe ww, wine-cooper. Courtier de lard, an in- 
r«nt price of the market ; run, currency ; book j spector of lard and bacon. Courtier de idtres 
which contains a complete system of science, | de change, exchange broker. Courtier or 
study of all the parts of a science ; extent, courtiere de manage, match-maker, 
length; sort of publick place where p'X)ple of Courtiliere, s. f. a destructive insect 
quality resort to take the air in their coaches, bred in a dunghill. 

as in England they do in Hyde-Park in sum-, kftor-tln, s. f. curtain (of a bed 
mer. Cours de ventre, looseness. Faire son or fortification.) 

cowrsCTip/u7oso77/i?e,tostudyphilosophy. .i4c/ie- Courtisan, kflor-tl-z^n, s. m. courtier; 
ter un cours de philosophie, to buy a whole suitor. 

body of philosophy. Avoir cours, to be in Courtisa e, k6or-ti-z5n, s. f. courtesan, 
vogue, take. IJne chose qui n' a plus cours, a. prostitute. 

thing out of date, out of use, cried down, not j Courtiser, k5or-tl-zJ, v. a. to court, 
current. Mar. slrake or streak. Cours de rai- make one's court to. 

gres^ streak (of the plcmks of a ship's ceiling *CouRTOis,E,kftor-twi,twiz, adj.courte- 
contmued from stem to stem.) Cours de ous, civil, affable, kind. 
bordages, strakes or streaks (of the planlts.) *Courtoisement kftor-twkz-mftn, adv. 
Voyage de long cours, long voyage. ^ courteously, civilly, Ikindly. 

Course, kflors,s.f.runnmg or race ; jaunt, Courtoisie, k^or-iwi-zl, s. f. courtesy, 
journey, course, inroad, incursion, irruption, civility, kindness or good turn, 
dash. Mar. cruise. Etre en course, to be on Couru, e, adj. run after, pursued, chased, 
a cruise, to cruise. Aller en course, to go hunted, etc. also much in vogue, 
upon a cruise, to go a cruising. Cousin, k6o-ziw, s. m. cousin; crony, inti- 

CouRSiE, s. f. or CouRSiER, s. m. a gal- mate friend ; kind of gnat, midge; kind of 
ley between the rowers, coursey. pastry toy. 

CouRsiER, kftor-s?^, s. m. war horse.cour- Cousinage, kfto-z?-niz, s. m. the being a 
ser. \. Coursie. Cowrsier, cannon planted cousin; a/so kindred, relation. 
in the coursey of a galley. Cousine, kfto-zfn, s. f. cousin, she-cousin 

CouRSiERE, s. ffdraw-bridge on a man of Cousiner, kfto-zl-n^, v. a. to cousin, call 
war to communicate front one part to anoth- cousin ; also to go a spunging. 

during an action. Cousinierk, s. f. a sort of gauze. 

CouRsoN, s. m. bough of a tree five or six Cousoir, kSo-zwir, s. m. sewing press. 

inches long. Coussin, kSo-siw, s. m. cushion, pillow. 

Court. E,k6or kftort, adj. short, brief. Mar. pillow, bolster, rfc. Cojms?"» rfe/o»im<r< 

Pistole qui est ro»ir«e, pistole not full weight, rt pailler, bolster. Coussin de heaupr^, piWovv 

Vest le ])lus court it is the best way or the "of the bowsprit. Cottssin d'icvbies, bol- 




buse, b&t : jeiine, mi'-ute, beurre ■ hiiknl, c^ni, Mhi : vm ; moH ; bruw. 

Eter of the hawse holes. Conssin des bittes, \ 
firhning or doubling of llie bits. Coussin de 
mire, bed of a gun. 

CoussiNET, k6o-s]-nSt, s. m. bag; {of a 
horse) pad ; quilted stomacher. 

Ci)u«o, E, adj. sewed, stitched, etc. II est 
totU cousii. de pistoles, he is well lined, he is 
full of gold. Mais Louche cmsue, but mum, 
but be sure j-ou keep your tongue. 

CouT, s. m. cost, price, charge. 

CooTANT, adj. Frix co&tant, cost, of a 

CoL'TEAU, k3o-tA, s. ni. knife ; short sword. 
Couleau de chasse, wood kulfe, hanger. lis 
en sorU i couteaiix tires, they are at daggers 
drawing. Rotie en coiUaiu, cog wheel. 

CouTELAS, kiW-l4, s. m. cutlass. 

CouTEi.E, E, adj. slaughtered. E.x. Peau 
de moiUon toute coutelee, sheep's skin slaugii- 
tered. ^ 

CouTELiER, kiot-lla, s. ra. cutler. 

Coitteliere, s. f. case of knives ; also cutler's 

CouTELLERiE, kSo-t§l-rl, s. f. makingof 
knives , cutler's shop. 

CotJTEK, k6o-ta, V. n. to cost, stand one in, 
be dear, be chargeable, be painful o/- trouble- 
some. Cet ouvrage lui a coiW bieti dii temps, 
that piece of work has cost hint a great deal 
of time, he has been a long time about it. Im 
gloire coiite a acquerir, glory is a dear pur- 
chase. Les hormeurs cotdeiU a qui vtid Its 
posseder, much worship much cost. 11 lui en 
cotlte beaiKOup d'uroir ete absent, he pays dear 
for his absence. II en coMe beaucoup pour 
/aire bdtir, building runs away with a great 
deal of money. L'argent ne lui coule guere, 
he throws his money away, he knows not the 
vakie of money. Q,iuind il fait Camour rien 
ne lui coiUe, when he is in love he cares not 
what he spends, or he tliinks nothing dear. 
Qitand il est qt:estio7i d' obliger ses amis, rien 
ne lui cotUe, he never thinks an}; thing diffi- 
cult or troublesome to serve his friends. Tout 
lui cotke, lie does every thing against the 
grain, ".htmais resolution ne m a taut cotdd a 
prendre, I never was so long resolving about 
any thijig. 

CouTEU-x, SE, adj. expensive. 

CouTi ER, s. m. ticking maker or seller. 

CouTiL, k6o-ti, s. m. tent-cloth, ticking or 

CoDTRE, k^r, s. m. couher, ploughshare. 

CouTUME, kOo-tfim.s.f. custom; way, ha- 
bit ; usage, use ; custom or common law ; com- 
mon law-boc^; custom or toll. Aroir cmduTne 
or de coutume, io be wont or acc-ustomed, to 
use. It-en use comme de coutume, he does jvist 
as he used to do. Plus que de coutunie, more 
than ordinary. Pays de coutume, country 
where custom or common law takes place. 

CooTUMiER,E,kOo-t5-mta,ml^r, adj. cus- 
tomary, accustomed, common, ordinary. Droit 
coul.umier, common law. Pays coiUumier, 
country governed by custom or common law! 

CouTUMiER, s. m. common-law book. 

CuuTURE, k6o-tiIir, s. f. sewing, stitching ; 
scar, seam ; defait a plate couture, utterly de- 

CouTURfi, E,adj. said of any thing that 
has marks like a seam or scar. 

*C()UTi;rier, s. m. sewer, elitcher, a/so 
moe ^li'thf. mitsdesof the leg. 

Couturiere, kOo-tfi-ri^r, s. f. seamstress j 
Couvi:, E, kSo-v^, adj. fusty. V. Cmiver. 
Cou V EE, k5o-v?i,s.f. nest of eggs, hrood,clan. 
CouvENT, kdo-v^, s. m. convent, monas- 

CouvER, k5o-va, v. a. to brood ; sit on ; 
hatch, brew {plots,) to breed {sickness.) Cou- 
rer, v. n. to warm one's self, as Dutch women 
do, with a stove under their petticoats ; to lie 
or be hid, lurk, lie lurking. Se couver, v. r. 
to lie hid or hatching. 

CouvERCLE, k3«-v?rkl, s. m. cover, lid. 
Couvercle a pot, pot-lid. Couve,vle des icmt' 
titles, Mar. hatches. 

CouvERT, E, kfio-vir, v?rt, adj. covered, 
etc.Y. Couvrir, clad, clothed; full, loaded, 
covered all over ; close, hid, hidden, secret ; 
close, reser\'ed, dissembling; cloudy, dark, 
overcast ; ambiguous, dark, obscure. Pays 
cotirtrt, woody country. Lieu ccuvert, shady 
place. Vin couv.rt, tfeep or high coloured 
wine. // etoit coux-^rt de sueur, he was all 
over in a sweat. Cliemin coutert, covered 
way (in fortification.) 

(Jom-ert, a. m. table-oloth, cover, t. e. plate 
with its knife and fork, and sotnetimes its 
spoon and napkin besides ; cover-case, i. e. 
case with a spoon, fork, and knife; covert, 
shelter, roof, lodging ; thicket, shady place ; 
cover, envelope. A cowert, adv. under a 
cover, or shelter. Se mettre a coiirert, to 
shelter or secure one's self. MeUre son bien a 
convert, to secure one's estate. Etre a con- 
vert de qnelqiie danoer, to be sheltered or se- 
cure, or free from danger. Etre ii convert (or 
en prison,) to be laid up in a prison. 

CouvERTE, s. f. {in the Letant) deck ; 
also glazing (on earthen tcare,) enamel {on 
china tvare.) 

CoiivERTEMENT, kfto-v?rt-m^, adv. co- 
vertly, closely, secretly, privately. 

CouvERTURE,kAo-v^r-tur, s. f. cover; co- 
verlet, covering; (de laine) blanket; case; 
(de lUMson.) roo^ cover, cloak, pretence, blind, 
colour. Courerture velue, rug. Faire la cou- 
rerture, to turn the bed down. Courerture dea 
cluimin^e. Mar. caboose. 

CouvERTURiER,kdo-v^r-t5-r?&,s.m. ma- 
ker or seller of bed coverings or blankets. 

CouvET, k6o-v5, s. m. stove (such as the 
Dutch women use under their petticoats.) 

CouvEUSE, kSo-v^uz, s. f. brooder, i. e. 
that broods or sits on eggg^ 

Couvi, k6o-vl, adj. m. rotten or addle. 

CouvRE-CHEF, k&ovr-sh^f, s. m. kerchief. 

CouvRE-FEU, s. m. fire plate or curfew, t. 
e. piece of iron to cover the fire in the night ; 
also curfew or curfew bell ; a7id meat screen. 
CouvRE-PiED,s. m. small quilt or covering 
for the foot of the bed. 

CouvRE-PLAT, s. m. cover for a dish. 

CouvREUR. kSo-vr^ur, s. m. (de maison or 
en tuile) brick-layer, tiler ; (en ardxnse) slater ; 
{en chaume) thatcher ; {de chaises) chair- 

Couvrir, kSo-vrlr, v. a. (like ouvrir) to 
cover; hide, conceal, keep close or secret ; 
colour, cloak, palliate, dissemble <w disguise, 
load, charge, fill ; (la table) to spread w cover, 
(une carale) to leap ; (une chienne) to cover. 
Couvrir une murailte de marbre, etc. to line 
or do a wall over with aiari Je, etc. Couvrit 




hkr, bai, base : th^re, ?l.b, over . field, t"% : r6be, rOb, I6rd : mAod, g6od.' 

;racher, krli-shi, v. a. &. n. to spit, spit 
out, spawl. Cracher au bassin, to contribute 
or club. Cracher au Tiez tie quelqu'un, to spit 
in one's face. Cracher des injures, to rail or 
abuse, call names. 

Cracheu-r, se, kri-shSur, shiuz, s. m. & 
f. spitler, spitting person. 

Crachoir, kr4-shwar, s. m. spitting box. 

Crachotement, kri-sliSt-iMW, s. m. 
sputtering, spitting often. 

Crachoter, £ra-sh5-ta, v. n. to sputter, 
spit often. 

Craie, kri, s. f. chalk. 

CraIer, s. m. Mar. crayer, sort of small 
Swedish vessel. 

Craindre, kriwdr, v. a. (see the table at 
amdre) to fear, dread, apprehend, be afraid 
of, stand in awe or fear of. Se/aire craindre, 
to make one's self feared. II est a craindre, 
it is or he is to be feared. 

Craint, e, adj. feared. 

Crainte, kriwt, s. f. fear, apprehensicMi, 
awe. Crainte deorde crainte de, for fear of. 
De crainte que, for fear that, lest. 

Craikti-f, VE, kri»-tif, tlv, adj. fearful, 
Craintiviment, adv, feaifully, timorous- 

Cramoisi, kr^-mwi-z?, s. m. crimson, 
grain colour. Teint en cramoisi, died in 

frain. Un fot en cramoisi, fool in grain. 
luiden cramoisi, superlatively ugly. 
Cramp, Mar. V. Crampon. 
Crampe, kr^p,s f.^rGouTTE crampe, 
Cr AM PON, kr^-po7j,«.m. cramp-iron-hook. 
Crampons de fer de cheval, trost-nails of a 
horse-shoe. Crampon or crampon de fer, 
Mar. staple, cramp-iron. 

CRAMPONNER,kr^-pfi-n^,v. a. to fasten 
with a cramp-iron. Se crampomter, v. r. to 
cling at any thing. 

Cramponnet, s. m. little cramp-iron. 
Cramponnet dt targeite, lock staple. 

quelqu'un, to drown one, to obscure his merits. I 
VTie voix qui coiirre les atitres, a voice that ■ 
drowns others. Couvrir d'or or d'argeiU, to 
overlay vviihgold or silver. Couvnr un ha- 
bit d'or or d'argent, to daub or cover a suit 
with'gold or silver lace. Couvrir le visage or 
lajoue a qtielqu'un, to give one a box on the 
ear or a slap on the face. Couvrir le d4- 
barquemerU des troupes, to cover the landing 
of tlie troops. Se couvrir, v. r. to put one^ 
hat on, be covered ; {d'un ton habit) to put 
on, clo'he one's self with. Se couvrir riche- 
ment, to wear rich clothes. Le del or le temps 
commence a se couvrir,, the sky begms to be 
overcast. Cette fregate s'esl couverte de voiles 
pour nous rallier, that frigate has made all 
the sail she can to join us. 

CoYAU, s. m piece of wood notched in the 
wheel of a mill. 

Crabe, kr^b, s. ra. crab. 

Crabier, s. m. bird that feeds on crabs. 

Crag, s. m. crack, cracking noise ; also a 
disease in biRls of prey. 

Crachat, cri-sii^, s. m. spittle, spawl. 

Crache, e, adj. spit. C'etoit lui tout cracM, 
he was as like him as if be had been spit out 
of his mouth. 

Crachement, krish-m^7j, s. m. spitting 

Cra n , kre/f, s. m. notch, groove (in a type.) 

Crane, krim. s. m. skull, brainpan. 

Crapaud, kr^-p6,s. m.toad. Mar.goose- 
neck of the tiller. 

Crapaudaille, s. h thin crape. 

CRAPAUDii:RE,s^f swampy place. 

Crapaudise, kra-p6-din,s. f. toad-stone; 
iron-wort ; the sole or square piece of iron, etc. 
wherein the pivot plays or turns in the bot- 
tom of a gate; malt-loiig or mah-worni (a 
horse's disease.) Griller des pigeons a la 
crapaujine, to broil pigeons with sah, pepper, 
and vinegar. 

Crapuu^sin, e, s. m.&f. sltort ill shaped 
person, dwarf, shrimp. 

Crapule, kra-p&l, s. f. drunkenness, cra- 

pulence, gluttony. 

Ckapuler, kra-pfi-la, v. n. to fuddle or 
driuji hard, gormandize.^ 

Crapuleu-x, se, kra-pfl-l^u, liuz, adj. 
crapulous, drunken, intemperate. 

Craquelin, krak-lin, s. m. cracknel, hard 

Craquement, krak-m^, s. m. crack or 
cracking noise. 

CRA(iUER,krii-A^I, v. n. to crack, crackle ; 
to crack, tell a story. Fain rraquer se* 
doigts, to make one's fingers snap. 

Craquerie.s. f. lie. 

CRAquETER, krrtk-ta, v. n. to crackle. 
J'aiterids craquer le tonnerre, I hear cracks 
of thunder. 

Craqueu-r, se, kA-khxT, kb\xz, s. m. & 
f cracker, boaster. 

Craquetement,s. m. cracking. 

Crassane, s. f. a sort of pear. 

Crasse, kras, s. f. filth, nastiness, grease, 
rust ; dandruff; scum or dross. La crasse du 
college or de Cecole, the rudeness, rusticity or 
clownisbness of the school. 

Crasse, adj. gross, thick, coarse. 

Crasses, s. ?. pi. scales which fall from 
metals v\ hen hammered. 

Crasseu-x, se, kra-siu, siuz, adj. & s. 
nasty, filthy, full of nastiness, greasy, rusty. 
Un crasseujc, nasty or greasy fellow, a nig- 
Une crasseiise, slut; 

a nig- 

gardly fellow, 
gardly woman. 

Crate RE, s.m. crater; also drinking cup. 

Craticuler,v. a. to square (an original 
])icture or drawing) in order to take a reduced 

Cra VAN, s. m. a sort of aquatick bird. 

Cr A V A TE , kr^-vl^t, s. f. cravat or neckcloth. 
Mar. naveUine. 
Cravate, s.m. Croat, sort of trooper of Croatia. 

Crayon, krS-yora, s. m. pencil or crayon^ 
picture in one colour or drawn with crayons^ 
picture in crayons ; picture or description of a 
person or thing, also chalking or first draught 
or delineation ai a picture ; and sketch, first a 
roiigh draught (of a composition.) 

Cravonner, krS-yS na,v. a. to chalk or 
draw with crayons or with a pencil ; to chalk 
or sketch. 

Crayonneu-r, SE, s. m. & f. a drawer 
with crayons. 

Crayonneu-x, se, adj. of the nature of 
CREANCE,krS-i'ws,s. f. belief, faith ; thought, 
opinion ; trust, credit, confidence, debt, money 
owmg. i^^e* rf^crt^artce, credential letters 
I or credentials, also letters of credit. Chien 




bise, bflt : j^une, m^ule, beurre . iiifanl, e^nl, li^ . 

vin; nio«; bruw. 

ie bonne creance, dog that may be depended 

Cr^ancier, e, krl-tji-sla, slh; s. m. & f. 

Cn^AT, s. m. usher to a riding-master. 

CiiEATF.uR, kra-a-t^ur, s. m. creator, ma- 
kei . Recnioir son createur, fo receive tiie sa- 

Crkation, knl-H-s?on, s. f. creation. 

Cr^atrice, adj. f. jwissance creatrice, 
{Moiitesquie.u) creating power. 

Creature, kra-a-tiir, s. f. creature, crea- 
ted being, person, man or woman. 

Crebeb, s. m. a sort of tree and its fruit. 

Cr^celle, krft-s^l, s. f. rattle. 

Crecereli.e, kras-r^l, s. f. kestrel. 

CKECHE,kr?sh,s.f. manger, cribor cratch. 

Credence, kri-tftrts, s. f. iiltie cup-board 
near the altar, where the church plate is kept. 

CREDiBiLixi;, kra-dl-bl-H-ta, s. f. credi- 

Credit, kra-d?, s. m. credit ; trust, namej 
esteem, reputation, power, influence, sway. 
Prendre or acheler a credit, to buy or take 
upon trust , take upon ti ck. Vendre or domier 
a credit. /aire credit h quelqu'un, to trust one, 
give one credit. A credit, to little or no pur- 
pose. Dire (i7ieliiue cliose a cr/'dit. to speak 
without book, say a thing without ground or 
proof, speak at random. 

CrIcuiteur, s. m. creditor. 

Crediter, V. a. to credit one in the day 

Credule, kra-d6l, adj. credulous, easy of 

Creduute, kni-dft-l?-ti\, s. f. credulity, 
lightness or rashness of belief. 

Cr^er, kra-^, v. n. to create ; to contract, 
run into [debt ;) to settle (a pension upon one.) 

Cremaillere, kra-ma-/^r. s. f. fxtihook 
that maybe lengthened or shortened, trammel. 

Cremaillon, kri-mi-/oM, s. m. small pot- 

Creme, kr^m. s. f. cream. 

Crhne, s. m. V. ChrPnie. 

Creme.vt, s. m. (insrrammar) termination 
added in the infleclions of a word. 

Cremer, kra-m?i, v. n. to cream. 

Cremiere, s. f. woman that sells cream. 

Creneau, kra-nA, s. m. battlement, in- 
dented^ top of ancient walls. 

Crenele, e, adj. embattled (in heraldry.) 

Cren eler, kran-la, v. a. to make notches 
into battlements ; to indent, notch. \ 

Cr^nelure, kran-lAr, s. f. the being 
notched or indented. 

Cr eoi.e, kra-Al, s. m. & f. Creole, descend- 
ant of an European born in America. 

Crepage, s. m. way of dressing crape. 

Cr^pe, kr^p, s. m. crape, mourning hat- 
band. CrSpe, s. f. sort of pancake. 
CrSper, kr^-p^, v. a. to crisp, frizzle or curl. 

CrIpi, e, kra-pl, nl,adj. rough-cast, par- 
getted. Cteir crept, leather worked into a 

Crept, s. m. rough cast {ofa wall.) 

Crepin, (8. Cr>ipin) S. Crispin, the shoe- 
maker^s saint. S. Crepin, all the tools of a 
travelling shoe-maker ; also a poor person's 
whole substance. Perdre son S. Cn'r'in, to 
lose one's a '.1 . Vmis voyez tout son S. Crepin, 
you see all his riches. 

CREPiNi;, kra-p!n, s. f. fringe. 

!rv ( 
Ventre creux, empty belly. Viande creiwe, 
frothy, ligrht, insignificant food ; also visionary 

CrIpir, kra-pir, v. a. to rough cast or par 
CrApissure, kra-pf-si'ir, s.f. or Crepisse 
MENT, s. m. pavget or rough cast of walls. 

Crepitation, kra-p?-fa-sio»,s.f. crepita 
tion, crackling of fire. 

Crepok, kra-poH, s. m. thick crape. 

Crepu, e, krii-p&,pu, adj. curled, crisped, 
frizzled {said of hair.) 

CRipuscuLE, kra-pfls-^ai, s. m. crepus- 
cule, tw'light. 

CreqoieRjS. m. wild plum-tree. 

CnisEAU, s. m. sort of woollen stuff. 

Cresson, kri-sow, s. m. cress, cresses. 

Cressonniere, kr^-sd-niir, s. f. place 
where cresses grow. 

Cr^te, kr^t, s. f comb (oftlie cock;) tuft, 
I cop : cre^t, top. Crete de nwrue, certain place 
on the back of llie cod-fish. Crete tnarine, 

Cr^te, e, kri-t&, adj. that has a comb or 
tuft, tufted. 

Cretonne, s. f. a sort of white linen. 

CuEiiSEMENT, s. m. the act of digging. 

Creuser, kr^u-z^, v. r. to dig, hollow or 
make hollow. Creuser utie ajfuire, (or creuser 
dans une ajjliir") to sift a business, go to the 
bottom of it, dive into it. Se creuser le cerveau, 
to rack one's brains. Creuser un port, to 
deepen a harbour. 

Creuset, kr^u-s?, s. m. crucible. 

Creu-x, se, kreu, kr^uz, adj. hollow; vi- 
sionary, foolish, airj', extravagant, fantastical, 
chimerical. Foss^forl creux, very deep ditch, 
reux, empty belly. Vii 
jht, insignificant food ; alt 

Crei'X, s. m. hole, pit, hollow, hollowness, 
cavity , sort of mould for plaster casts, etc. 
Jc lie ptiis arrucher cela du creux de nut cerrelte, 
I cannot "et it out of my brains. Un beau 
creux, un tan creux, base voice which can de- 
scend to very low notes. Mar. Cretix, depth 
or height of the hold (of a ship.) Creux de 
la mer, trough of the sea. 

Crevaille, s. f. immoderate entertain- 
ment, guttling. 

Crevasse, kr?-vas,s.f chap, chink, crevice, 
gap ; scratches (disease in llie legs of horses.) 

Crevasser, kr^-v^-sa, v. a. to chap. Se 
crerasst.; v. r. to crack, split, chap, chiuk or 

Crev£, e, adj. & s. burst, elr. V. Crever. 
Un gros crev^, une grosse crevSe, fat swag- 
belliecl man or woman, burstcn-gutted person. 

Creve-coeur, kr^v-i^ur, s. m. grief of 
heart, great trouble, heart-breaking. 

Crkver, kre-va, v. n. to burst; to die. 
Cremer de chuitd, to be extremely hot Crever 
de graisse, to be extremely fat. Crever de 
biens, to abound in or with riches. Cretier 
d'enrie, d'orgiieil, de rage, etc. to be full of or 
burst with pride, envyi rage, tfc. 

Crever, v. a. to burst, tear, rend cr break. 
Crever Us yeux a quelqu'un, to put out one's 
ej'es. Crever un cheval, to Jade a horse. 
Cela vo>is creve les yeux, that lies undtT your 
nose or before you, you cannot but see it. 
Les saletes crerent les' y eta:, {here is nothing 
but filth to be seen. Mar. to burst, stave, 

Crick. Crever une embarcalion, to stave a 
oat. Un de nos canons de 18 creva dims U 
combat one of our 18 poiinders burst in the 




])4r, hkt, base : tliere, ebb, over : field, Hg : ribe, rfib, lArd : mAod, gftod. 

action. La gargoitsse est-etle crevet ? is the 
Partridge prirked ? Se crever, v. r. lo crack, 
burst, etc. Se crever c/e boire, de manger, etc. 
to burst with cramming, etc. 

Cki, kil, s. m. cr^', knid voice, clamour, 
shriek, scjueak. Cri de Joie, shout, shouting, 
acclamation, huzza, hallooing. Cri de guerre, 
baltle-slH)ut. Cri or cri d'aniies, {in heraldry) 
motto. Fa ire or Jeter or foiisser des cris, lo 
cry out. A car eth cri, with hue and cry. 

Criaii.ler, kri-i-/S, v. n. to bcwl, cla- 
mour, sjold. Fewme qui itefait que criailkr, 
bawling or scolding woman, scold. 

CniAiLLKKiK, kr}4/-rl, s. f. clamour, 
bawling, scolding or clamouring. 

Criailleu-r, se, kr}-a-/^ur, /S«z, s. m. 
& f. bawler, bawling person. 

Cri ARD, E, kr!-ar, hrd, adj. & s. clamour- 
ous, noisy, l^wling, scolding, bawler or squal- 
ler. Deltes anardes, dribbling debts. 

Crible, kribl, s. m. sieve. 

Cribler, krl-bla, v. a. to sift. Crihlf de 
coups, to shoot or stab throut'b and through 
in many places, to riddle. War. to damage 
by shot or pepper with shot. Leraisseau ami- 
ral HoUandais fiU cribli de boulets. the Dutch 
admiral's ship was well peppered with shot. 
Cetle con-ette a sa voihire cribiee, that sloop 
bas her sails full of sliot holes. 

Cribleur, kri-bl^ur, s. m. a sifter. 

Cribleux, adj. m. Ex. Oscribleux, sieve- 
Eke bone (in the upper fart of the jiose.) 

Criblure, krj-bl&r, s. f. pi. bran, chaff. 

Cribration, krJ-br&-s?o», s. f. sifting, 
straining (in pharvuxcy.) 

Cric, kr?k, s. ra. engines used to lift up 
burdens. Pe/«<c/tc,jack. CHc-croc, crash- 
ing, noise made in breaking or tearing any 

Cri^e, kr!-a, s. f. outcry or port sate ; auc- 

Crier, kr?-a, v. n. to cry, cry out, bawl ; 
to shout, halloo ; to squall, squeak or screak 
out, to creak ; screak ; to complain, clamour ; 
to scold, bawl. Crier cmitre, to cry down, in- 
veigh or exclaim against. Les boyaux lui 
erient, his guts or bowels grumble. Crier uu 
meurlre, to cry out murder. 

Crier, v. a. to cry or proclaim. 

Crierie, krl-ri, s. f. cry, clamour, scold- 
ing, bawling. 

Crieu-r, se, krt-Sur, ^U7, s. m. & f. crier 
or bawler. Criem public, crier (of pubiick 

sales, etc.) 

m. crime, foul deed, fault 
Crime de lese-majeste , V. 

or offence, siu. 

Criminaliser, krJ-ml-nl-ll-za,twie affaire, 
V. a. to make a cause or a case criminal or 

Criminaliste, s. m. a writer upon cri- 
minal matters. 

Criminel, LE,kr?-mi-n^l,adj. &s. crimi- 
niil, guilty ; malefactor, offender. 

Criminellemekt, kri-m]-i)^l-mfei, adv. 
criminally. Pour suivre quelqu'un criviinelU- 
ment, to prosecute one capitally or as a male- 
factor. k,oc])liqiier criminellement qitelque chose, 
tnjuger cnminellemeni, to put an ill construc- 
tion upon a thing. 

Crin, kriw, s. m. horse hair ; also hair. 

Crine, k, adj. hairy. 

Crini£R, s m. worker or dealer in hair. 

Cri MERE, kri'-n'f^r, s. f. main; also ug^ 
head of hair, paltry wig. 

Crinon, s. m. a sort of little worm as thia 
as a hair bred under the skin. 

Crique, krlk, s. f. creek, bight, cove. 

Crijiuet, kri-A:^, s. m. tit, a little horse. 

Crise, kriz i. f. crisis. 

Crispatiow, s. f. crispntion. 

Crisper, v. a. to cause crispation,to crisp 

Crisser, kri-sa, v. n. to grind or gnash 
the teeth together. V. Grincer. 

Cristal, kris-tal, s. m. crystal; crystal- 
glass ; (in poetry) crystal stream, lucidity, 
transparency, limpidness. 

Cristallin, e, kris-ta-lin, 15n, adj. crys- 

Cristalmn, s. m. crystalline humour; 
also with some philosophers crystalline sky. 

Cristallisation, kr?s-la-li-za-sio/i, s. £ 

Cristai.liser, krTs-l5-l!-za, v. a. to crys- 
tallize. Se cristalliser, v. r. to crystallize. 

Criterium, s. m. criterion. 

Critiquable, kri-il-kibl, adj. that de- 
serves censure or may be criti^-ised. 

Critique, kr?-tiik", adj. & s. crilitk, criti- 
cat, censorious, fault-finJer. 

Critique, s.f. critics; criticism, critical 
dissertation, censure. 

Critiquer, kri-ii-kk, v. a. to criticise or 
examine ; to criticise upon, censure, find fauh 

*Critiqueur, s. m. critick, fault-nnder. 

Croassehent, krS-is-m^, s, m.^croak- 

Croasser, kr6-^-«a, v. n. to croak. 

Croate, s. m. Croatian. 

Croatie, s. f. Croatia (in Hungarj-.) 

Croc, krfl, s.m. hook, tenter ; boat-hook , 
bully, slwrper ; feng, tusk ; (de moustache) 
curl. Cela fait croc scnis la dent {prtmounce 
the c final) that crackles under the teeth. 
Pendre I'vp^e, an croc, to leave off wearing a 
sword. Ce different demeure pendu an croc, 
that difference remains undecided. JMar. Crpc 
de candelette, hook of the fish pendant. 

Choc-en-jambe, kr6k-iK-z^Kb,3. m. trip, 
tripping up of one's heels. Banner le aoc- 
en-jamhe a quelqu'un, to trip up one's heels, 
give one a fall or Cornish hug ; also to sup- 
plant one. 

Croche, krftsh, s. f. crotchet or quaver 
(iu musick.) Double croche, semiquaver. 

Croche, adj. crooked, bent. 

Crochet, Kr6-sh&, s. m. hook; brace, 
crotchet, parenthesis ; (of diavionds) crotchet; 
picklock; steel-yard, Roman balance; lock 
of hair ; tusk, fang. Cloii a crochet, tenter- 
hook. Crochets darbres, the bearers of trees. 
Crochets de portefaix, the French porter's 
device to carry burdens with. Mar. Crochets, 
hooks or hasps (to fasten cross pieces to the 

Ckocheter, krdsh-t^, v. a. to pick or pick 

Crochetf.ur, krftsh-tiur, s. m. porter, a 
street porter ; (de serrures) picklock. 

CrochUj e, krfl-shfi, shi, adi. hooked, 
crooked. ll a les mains crockues, ne is light- 

Crochoer, v. a. to bend, make crookedj 
crook; (une note de vmsiqtie) to make • 




base, bfit : jeiiiie, mOute, beurre : 6nf;Vnt, ci^wt, Wen: \'m : nwn: hvun. 

Crocodi i.K, krO-kd-dil, s. in. crocodile. 
Crocus, fcrft-Wis, s. m. saflion-flower. 
Croikic, krwir, V. a. lo believe; think 
suppose or imagine. Croire quelqu'un, lo be- 
lieve, trust or cre<lit one, be ruled by one, 
Croire coiisnl, to be ruled, follow another 
man's advice. Croire a, to have faith in, be- 
lieve in or believe. In this sense we some- 
limes iise croire en or croire alone. 

Croisadk, krw5.-zad, s. f. crusade, holy 

Croisat, s. m. croisat (foreig-n coin.) 
Crois^, krwi-za, s. m., crusader. 
Croise, k, adj. cross, laid across. Serge 
croisee, kersey. 

Orois^e, Krwa-za, s. f. opening- in a wall 
for a window ; also window or casement. 
Croisee or fenetre croisee, cross-bar window, 
tran.som-window. Croiseed'uneaua'e, Mar. 
crown of an anchor. 
Cr()isf:mknt, s. m. crcssing. 
Croiser , krwi-z&, v. a. to cross ; lay across 
or cross-ways ; to cross or strike out. Croiser 
la route d'un bdtiment, Mar. lo cross the track 
of a ship. Croiser, v. n. Mar. to cruise. Se 
croiser, v. r. to be cross or cross-wise, cross 
one another ; to sit cross legged ; to lake upon 
one the cross for the holy war. Chemins or 
lignes qui se croiserit, cross-ways or lines. 
Croisette, s. f. a crosslet ; also cross-wort. 
Croiseur, krwa-z^iir, s. m. or vaisseau 
crdseur, Mar. cruiser. 

Croisi^re, krw^-z?^r, s. f. Mar. cruise; 
also cruising latitude or cruising ground. Etre 
en croisiere, to be cruising. 

Croisillon, krw^-z!-/ow, s. m. crossbar, 
Croissance, krwi-s^ns, s. f. growth. Age 
de croissance, growing age. 

Croissant, krwa-s^ji, s. m. crescent; 
moon in her increase ; Emjrire du croissant 
Turkish empire ; (de cheminee) hook (to hold 
the tongs and shovel.) 

CroisureJs. f. texture of a sort of cloth. 

•CroIt, s. m. the increase of a flock. 

Croitre, krwitr, v. n. to grow, grow up, 

grow tall, wax, increase, multiply. Croitre, 

V. a. lo increase, enlarge. La pluie a cr& la 

riviere, the rain has swelled the river. 

Croix, krwi, s. f. cross. Mettre une chose 
en croix, to put a ihin^ across or 
Avoir lesfamhes eiicroiXflo sit cross legged. 
11 f aid f dire la croix a la cliemirwe, we must 
make a cross there. Prendre la croix, to go 
a crusading. Croix-de-par-dieu, criss-cross- 
row, a, b, c, or alphabet. Croix dans les, Mar. cross in the hawse. Avoir ses per- 
roqwts en croix, to have one's top-gallant 
yards across. V. Tour, 

Cron, s. m. sand or collection of small 
shells found deep in the earth. 

Crone, s. m. crane (to load and unload 

Croquant, E,krfl-Ain, kknl, adj. crack- 
ling under one's teeth. 

Croquakt, s. m. beggar, pitiful wretch 
or fellow. 

Ckoque-au-sf.l. s. f. Ex. Manger une 
clwse a la croqw-au-sel, to eat a thing with 
nothing but a little salt. 

Croque-lardon, s. m. lick-split, lick- 
dish, spunger. 
CROQUE-NOTE.s.m. unskilful musician, but 
tvho can read easily the most difficult muslck. 

Croquer, kxh-k\\, V. n. & a. lo crack err 
crackle, eat gi'eedily, scranch, (vn dessein) lo 
sketch a design, make the first draught of a 
picture ; to filch or pilfer away. Croquer U. 
mai-mot. to dance attendance, wait. 

Croqi'et, kr&-^^, s. m. thin and hard piece 
of gingerbread (that crackles between one's 

CRoquEUR, kr5-/:^ur, s. m. catch-bit, 
greedy gut, devourer. 

Croquignole, kr6-Ai-gn<^l, s. f fillip., v. a. to fillip. 
Croquis, krft-ytl, s. ni. sketch (in paint- 

Crosse, krfls, s. f. bat, bandy, gaflf-stick ; 
but-end ; crosier or crosier-slaff. Jouer d, la 
crosse. V. Crosser. 

Crosse, e, adj. Ex. Un abhe crossi et 
mitre, an abbot that has the crosier-staff and 

Crosser, kr5-so, v. n. to play at gaff or 

Crosseur, kr6-seur, s. m. cricket or gaflf 

Crotte, kr6t, s. f. 'lift ; crofels, excre 
ment of rats, sheep, nares, rfc. 

Crott:^, k, a<lj. dirty, bedagsled. Po?te 
crotte, paltry wretched poet. // /ait bien 
crotte dans les iites, it is very dirty in the 

Crotter, kr6-ta, v. a. lo dirt, to bedaggle 
Crottin, krd-tiw, s. m. crotels, dung, etc. 
V. Crotte, 

Crolt.ant, e, adj. that sinks or shakes. 
Croulement, kr6ol-mSK, s. m. sinking, 

Crouler, kr6o-la, v. n. lo sink, cioimble. 
Crmtler un baliraent, Mar. to launch a ship. 

Croulier, e, krfio-lia, l?^r, adj. boggy, 

Croupade, krfto-pad, s. f. croupade, leap 
(of a horse.) 

Croupe, krflop, s. f. top, ridge ; buttocks, 
croup. Mettre en croiqie, lo lake one up be- 
hind one on horseback. Etre en croupe, nwn- 
ter en crotipe, to ride behind another on the 
same horse. Cheral qui porte en croupe, 
horse that carries double. 

Croupi, e, adj. stagnated. De I'eau crou- 
pie. standing water. 

Croupier, kr6o-p?a, s. m. partner (at 

play ;) assistant lo a banker at basset or faro. 

CRouPiiRE, kr8o-p5pr, s. f. crupper. Ta- 

iller des croupihes a quelqu'un, to cut out work 

for one. 31ar. stenifesl. 

Croupion, krfio-piori, s. m. rump (of a 

Croupir, krflo-pir, v. n. to stand or sUjnd 
still (said of liquids, etc.) lie long (and thereby 
become filthy, said oftlie sic.'i.) 

Cro"upissant, e, adj. st.mding, stagnant. 
CROusTiLLE,krftos-i?(',.s.f. crust of bread 
Croustiller, krOos-tl-ii, v. u. to eat a 

*Croustilleusement, adv. pleasantly, 
comically., se, kr8os-tl-/t^u, l^uz, 
adj. pleasant, comical. 

Croute, kr6ot, s. f. crust ;scuif; or scab j 
piece of inlaid work. 

Croutelette, s. f. little crust, piece of 
Croutier, s. m. bad, wretched paiuler. 



bar, bat, base : th^re, ^bb, ovir : field, fig ; r6be, lOb. Idrd : m6od, gdod. 

Croiiton, krflo-ton, s. jii. piece of crust of 

CROVABLK.krw^-ykbl, adj. credible, to be 
believed or cre.lued. 

Croyanck, krw4-y^s, s. f. faith, belief, 
opinion, thought, trust, credit. 

Croyant, krw^-y^», s. m. believer, one 
of the faithful. 

Cru, k, krS, kru, adj. grown, increased, 
elc.Y. Croilre. 

Cru, kru, s. m. growth. Ex. Ve son crti, 
of one's own growth, of one's own inven- 

Cuu, adj. (from Croire,) believed, thought, 
ett V. Croire. 

Cru, K, adj. raw ; crude ; indigested; blunt, 
hard. A cm, on the bare skin. Botte a cru, 
booted without stockings. Aller a cheval a 
CIV, to ride on horseback w ithout a saddle. 

CRUAUTEjkrft-A-ta, s.f cruelty, barbarity, 
inhumanity, ill usage, rigour, hard-hearted- 
ness, infle.\ibie temper, very hard or grievous 

CiiiCHi;, krush, s. f. pitcher, water-pot ; 
stupid block-head, fool. 

Cruch£e, kr&-sh^,s. f. pitcher full. 

Cruchon, krfi-shon, s. m. little pitcher. 

Cruciale, kra-s!al, adj. f. Ex. Incision 
cruciak, crucial incision. 

CRUciiERE, a(fj. cruciferous. 

Crucifiement, kriVsi-ii-ui^n, . tn. cru- 

Crucifier, kr5-s1-fi-S., v. a. to cru." fy,to 

Crucifix, kr&-sl-f?, s. m. crucifix. Man- 
geur He cruciHx, devourer of crucifixes, great 

Crudite, krft-dl-ta, s. f. crudity, rawness, 

Crue, kru, s. f. (irom Crokre) increase; 
growing, growth, addition ; (of a river) in- 
crease, swelling ; (of tlie sea) surge; (of taxes) 

Cruel, le, krfl-?!, adj. cruel, inhuman, 
fierce, hard, barbarous, grievous, painful. 
Kile n'est pas trap cruelle, she is kind enough. 

Un civet, s. m. Une crmlle, s. f. cruel or 
hard-hearted man or person. 

Cruei.lement, kr&-§l-mS«, adv. cmellj-, 

frievously, barbarously, inhumanly, fiercely. 
''aire inourir cniellement, to put to a cruel 

Crumest or Crcement, kr5-m^«, adv. 
bluntl}', harshly, inconsiderately, crudely. 

Crural, e, adj. crural. 

Crustacee, adj. crustaceous. 

Crusade, s. f. crusade (a coin.) 

Crypte, s. f. burying vault. 

Cu, V. CuL 

Cube, A&b, s. m. cube. 

Cube or Cubique, Arfl-b!k, adj. ciibick, 

Cubital, e, adj. cubital, belonging to the 

CucuBALE, s. f. a sort of plant. 

CucuRBiTACE, E, adj. cucurbitaceous. 

CucuRBiTAiSS, flat worms. 

CrcuRBiTE, A&-Xftr-b?t, s. f. cucurbite. 

CuEiLLE, s. f. Mar. one of the cloths of a 

CuEiLLERET,s. m. rent-roll of a manor. 
Ct;EiLLF,TTE,i3u-/§t, s. f. harvest. Ga- 
ihering, collection (for the poor.) 

*CuEiLLEL R, X-^u-/Jur,s. ni. Ex. Cueilleur 
de pommes, gatherer of apples. // est fait en 
cueillmr de pommes, he is wretchedly dressetU 

CuEiLLiR, ^^u-/'ir, v. a. to gather, pick. 
Ciieillir une nuxnaeuvre, Mar. to coil up a 

*CuiUF,R, v. a. to think, intend, imagine. 

CViLLEK, kui-l^r, s. f. spoon. Cuiller cou- 
verte, a mad-si)oon. Cuiller a pot, pot-ladle. 
Mar. Cuiller a brai, pitch-ladle. Cuiller a 
canon, ladle for a gun. CniUer #r tariere, 
auger-bit. Cuiller de pompe, pump-borer 

CuiLLEREE, ^&i/-ra, s. f. spoonful. 


CuiLLiER. s. m. sort of heron, spoon-bill. 

CuiNE, s. f. vessel to distil aqualortis. 

CuiR, kuw,?,. m. l6ather,skin, hide. Cuir 
bouilli, that sort of leather with which buck 
ets, bottles, etc. are made. Visage de cuir 
bouilli, a wainscot face. Faire du cuir d'au- 
trui large courrde, to be free of another man's 

CuiRAssE, Aralras, s. f. cuirass. 

CuiRASsi, E, Xrfii-i-i-sa, adj. that has a cui- 
rass on, well armed, well prepared. 

CuiRASSER, v. a. to cover with a cuirass. 

Cuirassier, A:&i-ra-s5a, s. m. cuirassier. 

CuiRE, Wilr, v. a. to do or dress (victiuils) 
boil, bake, roast, cook, etc. to conC(jct, digest; 
to ripen ; to burn (brich.) 

Cuire, V. n. to boil, to be baking, boiling, 
roasting, etc. to smart or make smart. 

CuiSANT, E, khuz^n, z^t, .ndj. violent, 
burning, sharp, smart, smarting. 
j Cuisine, k&l-zh, s. f. kitchen ; also cook- 
I ery ; and Mar. galley, cook-room. Faire la 
cuisine, to dress meat, cook. Charg^ de cui- 
sine, fat, pot-bellied. Latin de cuisine, coarse 
Latin, low Latin. 

CuisiNER, ArftJ-zI-ua, v. n. to dress meat, 
to cook. 

CuisiNiER, s. m. cook, man cook. 

Cuisiniere, s. f. woman cook. 

CuisiNiERE, s. f. a sort of utensil to roast 

CuissART,^'&?-sar, s. m. cuish. 

CuissE, kais,s. f. thigh ; (of poultry) hg. 
Cuisses de derriere d'un cheval, gascoins. 
Cuisse-madame, jargonelle. 

CuissoN, kiS-son, s. f. boiling, baking-, 
roasting, dressing, etc. smart. Fain de cuis- 
son, bread baked at home. 

CuissoT, s. m. haunch of venison. 

CuisTRE, ytaistr, s. m. a schoolmaster's 
man, servant in a college ; a pedant. 

CuiT, E, adj. done, dressed,boiled, baked, 
roasted, etc. V. Cuire. Cda est trop cuit, or 
n'est pas assez cuit, that is too much done, or 
not dene enough. 

CuiTE, IdAi, s. f. baking (of pipes,) bum* 
ing (of bricks, etc ) 

CuivRE, Arflhr, s. m. copper. Cuivre 
jaune, brass. 

CuL, kit, s. m. arse, breech, backside ; bot- 
tom ; back-part; (of a hat) top of the crown; 
Cj/^-ftos, kind of game (at cards.) Cid-blanc, 
white-tail (a bird.) Cul de basse fosse, dun- 
geon, Cid de ■jdife, cripple or lame man, 
I (who unable to walk goes with his backside 
in a howl.) Cul de lampe (hi printing) tail- 
piece. Tour fiite en cul de lamjie, tower 
winding downwards like a wreathed shell 




bijse, bflt : j^une, m^ute, beurrc : ^wfaiit, c<^Jt, Vihi 

vin ; mon . 


Cul cle plomh, sedentary person. Faire le 
cul de ploiiib, lo stick to one's work. Cul de 
sac, street or alley without a thoroughfare, 
turn-a^ain alley. Acoir le cul mr la selle, to 
be on horseback. Etre a cul, to be at a loss, 
be at one's last shifts, be put to a nonplus. 
Donmr du fried au ad a un ralet, to turn a 
servant out of doors. A 4corche-ail, against 
the grain. Arreter quebju'un stir ad, to 
stop one short. Cul par tete, topsy- 
lui-vy, upside-down. Jouer a cul lei-^, to play 
at level coil. Jouer a cmijv-cnl, to play a 
sinde game. De cul et de tete, with might 
and main. TVVer le cul en an-iere, to haiig an 

Cul, s. m. Mar. stem, etc. Voire batiment 
demande a etre sur cul, your ship likes lo be 
by the stern. Cul d'urte poidie, arse of a 
block. Cul carre, square-tack. Cul de lampe, 
lowe: finishing of the quartiT gallery. Cul de 
■pore, wall-knot. Cul de pore simple, single 
wall-knot. Cul de pore double, double wall-' 
knot. Ctd de port avec iMe de more, crown- 
knot. Cul de pore avec tele d'aloiiette, double 
crown-knot. Cul de sac, bight which forms a 
sort of harbour (among the inhabitants of the 
French West-India-Islands.) 

CuLASSE, Arfl-lis, s. f. breech of a mxn. 
Reiiforc^ sur or par la culasse, Dutch built or 
broad bottomed. 

CuLBUTE, Aftl-bflt, s. f. flying top over 
iail ; fall, tumble. Faire la culbute, to fly lop 
over tail, fall. 

CuLBUTEit, ^fil-ba-ta, V. a. to give a fall, 
make fall, turn upside-down ; to cvertum, 
ruin. V. n. to fall upside down, tumble ; be 
knocketl up or ruined. 

CuLBUTis, s. m. heap of confused things 
ftirned uoside down. 

Cui.;':k, Afi-l.T, s. f. butment, end or head 
of a bridge. Mar. stern-way. 

CuLER, V. n. Mar. to go a-stem, make 
item way, have stern-way. Faire culer, to 
make a stern-board. // jaui faire heaucoup 
culer Twtre batiment avani d'abattre, we must 
give our ship good stern-way before we cast. 
Mettre tout a ailer, to lay all a-back. 

CuLiER, Ar5-l?a, adj.m. Ex. Lebmjaucu- 
Uer, the colon (gut.) 

CuLiERE, s. f. crupper. 

Culmination, s. f. culmination. 

CuLMiNER, V. n. to culminate. 

CuLOT, Arfi-lA, s. m. bottom of a church- 
lamp, youngest or last member of a society, 
brood, family, etc. melted metal as opposed 
to the dross. 

CuLOTiN, s. m. sort of close breeches. 

CuLOTTE, ^-Iftt, s. f. breeches. 

CuLTE, /tait, s. m. worship. 

Cultivable, adj. that may be cultivated. 

CuLTivATEUR, Ifll-ti-vd-t^ur, s. ni. culti- 
vator, tiller, husbandman. 

CuLTivER, Arftl-tl-va, v. a. to til., manure, 
improve, cultivate, study. 

Culture, Wil-tAr^ s. f. culture, husband- 
ry, dressing, tillage, improvement. 

Cumin, Icia-mm, s. m. cumin (a plant.) 

CuMUi.ATi-F, VE, Ara-mft-l^-tlf, tlv, adj. 
accumulative, accumulated. 

CuMui.ATivEMENT, M-miVla-tlv-m^w, ' 
adv. accumulatively. ' ' 

Ci'AiuLER, ^ft-mfl-la, V. a. to accumulat* , i 
heap together, i 

CuNEi FORME, adj. cuneiform, wedge-like. 

CupiDE, adj. desirous, ea^er, covetous. 

CupiDiTE, Xrfl-nl-dl-ta, s.T. cupidity, con- 
cupiscence, lust, desire. 

Curable, kii-rkh\, adj. curable, that may 
be cured. 

CuRAGE, k^-riiz, s. m. cleansing; a/so cul« 
rage or arse-smart. 

CuRATELLE, Afl-ra-t^'l, s. f. guardianship. 

CuRAT-EUR, RICE, /ffl-r^-lSur, trfs, s. m. 
& f. guardian, trustee.^ 

CuRATi-F, VE, ^ft-ra-tlf, tlv, adj. healing. 

Cu RATION, kix-rk-^on, s. f. cure, curing. 

Curcuma, a plant with a yellow rojt 

Cure, ktvc, s. f. cure : living or benefice ; 
parsonage ; trouble, care, concern. *^«i 
ai-oir aire, not to care about it. Benefice sans 
cure d'ames, sinecure. Cure d'oiseau, pellet of 
hemp to^ cleanse a hawk. 

Cure, ^&-ra^ s. m. parson, rector, vicar. 

CuR^, E, adj. cleansed, etc. V. Cure?: 

Cure-dent, /ciir-dhi, s. m. tooth-pick, 

CuREE, A^-rii, s. f. game given the hawk 
or hound. Faire rnree chaude, to reward the 
hawk or dog immediately. 

CuRE-OREiLLE.Ari'i-rft-r?/, s. m. ear-pick 

CuRE-PiEn, s. m. horse-picker. 

CuRER, ^-ra, V. a. to cleanse or pick {tht 
teeth ;) to cleanse or make cast (« hawk.) 

CuREUR, A-ft-r?ur, s. ni. cleanser (of wells, 

CuRiAL, E, A^-r?ftl, adj. belonging to a 

Curie, ^-fl-ri, s. f. tenth part of a tribe of 
ancient Rome. 

Curieusement, A-ft-r?^uz-m27i, adv. cu 
riously, diligently, carefully. 

CuRiEU-x, SE, kh-ri^M, r?^uz, adj. & s. cu- 
rious, prying, inquisitive, rare, excellent, nea*^ 
fine, curious person, inquisitive or busy-body, 

.CuRiosiTE, A:fl-r?<\-z]-li, s. f, curiosity, iu- 
quisitiveness ; raree-show. 

CuRLES, s. f. Mar. whirls. 

CuRoiR, Arfl-rwur, s. m. plough-staflT. 

CuRULE, adj. Ex. Chaire curule, curule 

CuRURES, s. f. pi. dregs of a well or sink, 

CuRViLiGNE, Kir-vi-l}gn, adj.curvilinear. 

CuRviT^, At\r-v?-ta, s. f. curvity. 

Custoue, Arfls-tAd, s f. holster-cap ; cloth 
that covers the pyx ; curtain (of tlie altar.) 

Custode, s. m. warden (in a religious house.) 
the provincial's deputy. 

CusTODiNos,Arfis-td-d!-nSs, s. m. Le tliat 
keeps a benefice for another. 

Cutan^, e, kfl-tii-na, adj. cutaneous. 

CuTicuLE, s. f. cuticle. 

Cutter, s. m. Mar. cutter. 

CuvE, k?iv, s. f. great tub. Fossd h fond 
de cuve, flat-bottomed tlitch. 

CuvEAu, kii-v6, s. m. little tub. 

CuvEE, Arfl-v^, s. f. tub-full. C'est du nn 
de la premiere cuvde, this is wine of the first 

CuvELAGE, s. m. strengthening (with 
planks and crosis-beams) the inside of wells 
leading into mines., v. a. to strengthen theinsideof 
wells leading into mines. 

CuvER,Wl-va, V. n. (said of wme) io rt*- 
main or stand in the tub. Cuver son vin, to 
sleep one's self sober 




bar, l)al, base : th^re, ^bb, over : field, f?g : ribe, r3b, !6rd : m6od, g6d. 

Cuvette, kii-vh, s. f. washing bason, lit- 
tle ditch in the muldle of a g'-eat one. 

CuviKK, ^-via, s. in. bucking tub. Cuvier 
de h-irangire, fish -tub. 

Cyclamkn, s. m. sow-bread. 

Cyclk, slkl, s. m. cycle. Cych solaire, 
cycle of the sun. 

CycloIue, s. f. cycloid. 

Cyci.ope, s. m. cyclop, (fabulous black- 
smith) one of Vulcan s workmen. 

CvGNE, s. m. swan. I^e cygneMantouan, 
the IVLantuan swan, Virgil. Le cygne Tlie- , 
bain, the Theban swan, Pindar. 
.Cylinukk, si-lindr,s.m. cylinder, aroller. 

CYi,iNi>RiQ,UE,sMin-drik, adj. cylindrical. 

Cymaise, s. f. wave or ogee, (in architec- 

Cymbale, siw-bM, s. f. cymbal. 

CvNiquE, si-nik, adj. cynick, cynical, 
cnarling, satirical. 

Cynkjue, s. m. cynic, snarler, rude man. 

Cynosure, s. f. cynosure. 

Cypres, s!-pre, s. m. cypress-tree 

Cytise, s. m. shrub that bears leguminous 

Czar, tzir, s. m. czar. 

Czakien, ne, adj. Czarish, Czarian. 

CzARiNE, tz4-rin, s. f. Czarina. 


D, dk, s. m. 4th letter of the French alpha- 

Da , dk, (never fouTid except in such com- 
pounds as) Oni-(ia, si fait da, aye marry. 
A'enni-da, no indeed. 

Dace, s. f. duty, tax, (seldom used ;) also 
that ancient country called Dacia. 

Dactile, dak-tfl, s. m. dactyle. 

Dactyliomance, or Dactyliomancie, 
t. f. dactyl iomancy. 

Dada, di-dit, s. f. hobby-horse. 

Dadais, d^-dc*!, s. m. booby. 

Dagorne, di-gArn, s. f. cow that has lost 
a horn ; also old ridiculous beldam. 

Dague, dSg, s. f. dagger. 

Dagues, s. f. pi. horns of a brocket; tusks 
(of a wild boar.) 

"Daguer, d^-fA, V. a. to stab. 

Daguet, s. m. brocket, pricket. 

Daigner, d^-gna, v. n. to deign, vouch- 
safe, condescend, be pleased. Je ne daigne- 
rois pas ivus en prier, I scorn to ask it of you. 
On ne aiigve plus Ini rien dire, he is not 
though' worth speaking to. 

Daim, dm, s. m. deer, fallow deer. Daim 
male, buck. Daim fenielle, doe. 

Daine, d^n, s. f doe. 

Daintiers, s. f. pi. testicles of deer. 

Dais, d^. s. m. canopy. 

Dale, d^l, s. f. Mar. dale, trough. Dale 
de pomjie, puinp-tlale. Dale de br&tot, trough, 
ill which the train is laid in a fire-ship. 

Dalecarlie, s. f. Dalecarlia. 

Dali.EjS. f. slab V. Dame. 

Dalmatie, s. C Dalmatia. 

DAi.MATiquE, dl^l-mi-tlk, s.f. dalmatick, 
{veslmeni worn by deacons.) 

Dalon, or rather Dalot, d^-Idt, s. m. 
Mar. scupper, scupper-hole. 

*DAM,dpn. s ni cost, loss, dainaw'e, detri- 
nieui. La p -ine du dam, the punishment or 
ormcnts of the dainned. 

Damas, d^-ma, s. m. damask ; damson, 
damascene, damask plum. 

Damasonium, s. m. a plant that grows in 
swampy places. 

Damasquiner, dil-m?is-X^?-n\, v. a. to da- 
mask or damaskene, work damasklike. Da- 
masquiner une dpde, etc. 

Damasquinerie,s. f.artof damaskening, 


Damas^uinure, da-mas-Ai-niir, s. f. da- 

Damasse, e, adi. damasked. Li7ige de ta- 
ble damasse, damasked table linen. 

Damasser, da-mi-sSi, v. a. to damask. 

Damassure, di-mS.-siar, s. f. damask- 

Dame, dSm, s. f. lady; woman of quality; 
dame, goody ; (at chess and cards) queen ; (at 
chequers) man. Dame damee, lady of quality. 
Dame damee (at chequers) king. Alter h dame, 
to king a man (at draughts,) to make a 
auec\\{cd chess.) Dame! (interjection) nay, 
forsooth, marry. Les dames, the ladies, the 
fair, the fair sex • (at tennis) the mistress, 
the service ; voila pour les dames, voila vos 
dames, here goes the service. Les dames or U 
jeu de dames, draughts. Jouer aux dames, to 

Siy at draughts. Dame-Jeanm, sort of large 
ttle, as well as dame jane, goody jane. 

Dam^, e, adj. crowned, etc. V. Dame & 

Damer, di-ma, v. a. to crown or king a 
man at draughts ; also to allow half a foot for 
sloping or declination. Damer le pion a quel- 
qu'un, to outdo one, give one a Rowland for 
his Oliver. 

Dameret, s. m. spark, beau, fop. 

Damier, dS.-m5a, s. m. draught-board 

Damnable, da-nibl, adj. damnable. 

Damnablement, di^-nabl-mSw, adv. 

Damnation, da-ni-slon, s. f. damnation. 
n a Jure sur sa damnation, he swore by his 
salvation or as he hoped to be saved. 

Damne, e, adj. damned. Ame damnee 
profligate wretch ; also tool or hireling. 

Damner, da-na, v. a. to damn. 

DAMoiSEAU,di-niwa-z6,s.m. spark, beau, 
fop ; and anciently Lord. V. Beau. 

^Damoiselle, s. f. damsel. V. Demoiselle. 

DANcai, E, adj. indented, dancy, (in he- 

*DANDiN,d^n-diw, s. m. noddy or ninny. 

Dandinement,s. in. tossing of one's head 
or body like a ninny. 

Dandiner, dhn d?-ni, v. n. to toss one' 
head or body like a ninny. 

Danemarck, s. m. Denmark. 

Danger, d^«-ia, s. m. danger, peril, ha* 
zard, jeopardy ; inconvenience. Mar, rock, 
bank, shelf or any thing that may bring aship 
up. Eire en danger, to be in a perilous situa- 

Dangereusement, d^7jj:-r^uz-m^w, adv. 
dangerously, desperately. 

Dangereu-x, se, dhn-rha, riuz, adj. 
dangerous, hazardous, perilous. 

Danois, e, adj. &. s. Danish ; Dane. 

Dans, dhn, prep. 'm,y.\\.h\n, sometimesvi\i\\, 
etc. See En for tlie difference between oj 
and da7is. 

Danse, d^ns, s. f. dacce, dancing;. 




bilse, bflt : j^une, m§ute, beurre : infant, cSnt, lien ; vin ; mo» . bruji. 

Dans>kr, de«-b&, V. a. & n. to dance. Mai- 
ire, b, danser, danciiig-master. M ne suit sur 
quel pied danser, he does not know which way 
to turn himself. 

Danseu-r, se, d^-s?ur, s^uz, s. m. &- f. 
dancer. Dammr de corde, rope-dancer. 

Darce, V. Darse. 

Da rd, dar, s. m. dart, javelin ; {in botany) 
spindle, pistil. Mar. harpoon. Dard h feu, 
fire arrow. 

*Dardanaire, s. m. monopolist. 

Darder, d^r-da, v. a. to dart, shoot, fling 
out, strike with a dart. 

Darkeur, dir-d^ur, s. m. darter, shooter, 
dart flinger. 

Dardille, dh-dll, s. f. spindle of a pink 
or carnation. 

DARDiLLER,v.n. to spindle (said of plants.) 

Dariole, s. f. custard. 

*DARiOLETTE,s.rcarrier of love messages. 

Darique, s. f. .sort of Persian coin. 

Darne, dirn, or DAi.LE,s.f. piece or slice, 
or cut of fish. V. Dalle. 

Darse, dirs, s. f. Mar. wet dock. 

Dartre, dirtr, s. f. tetter, ring-worm. 
Dartre fai-iiteuse, morphew. 

Dartkeu-x, se, adj. of the nature of a 

Dataire, da-l^r, s. m. datary, chancellor 
of Rom<;. 

Date, dat, s. f. date of a writing. 

Dater, di-ia, v. a. to date. 

Daterie, dil-rl, s. f. datary's office. 

DATiF,dS,-tif, s. m. dative case. 

Datisme, s. m. tiresome repetition of sy- 
nonymes to express the same thing. 

Dative, aclj. f. (tutelle\ guardian appoint- 
ed by the jutlge and not oy will. 

Datte, dat, s.f. date, fniit of the palm-tree. 

Dattier, da-t?i, s. m. date-tree. 

Daube, d6b, s. f. kind of sauce. 

*Dauber, d6-bi, v. a. to cuff, bang; also 
to jeer, banter. 

Daubeur, s. m. railer, jeerer, sneerer, 

Dauphin, d6-fin, s. m. dolphin (seafish ;) 
dauphin, (eldest son of the kin^ of France.) 

pAVANTAGE,da-v^M-tij,aav. more, more 
of it, more than that, over and above ; also 
further ; besides ; and furthermore, moreover. 

Davieu, or Davier, dl-via, s. m. Mar. 

Davier, di-v!!., s. m. pincers to draw out 

De, dS, prep, of, from, off, out of, in, among, 
on, iipon, by, for, about, with, at, to, through, 
«<c. In order to be ableio determine positive- 
ly which of the preceding English preposi- 
tions should be used in preference, one ought 
to consider what sense de is used in, and to 
know the real value of each English prepo- 
sition. However as there is no word in the 
French language, that puzzles more an En- 
glish person than this word de, the following 
remarks may be of service to the student. 

/. When two nouns come together, one of 
which serves to particularize the other, the 
particularizing one will generally come in 
French with de and in English with of, ex. 
U r-njaume d'Angleterre, the kingdom of 
England. (In prince du sang, a prince of the 
blood. L'n homme de m^rite, a man of merit. 
Now as the particularizing noun is tlie equi- 


valent of an adjective, it often hapjjens that the 
English change the French particularizing 
noun into an adjective, ex. Ihm femme d^ 
verln, a virtuous woman. Vn homme de Men, 
a good man, a worthy man. Un carrosse de 
lotMixe, a hired coach, e^c. 

The English, for the sake of despatch, often 
place the particularizing noun before the par- 
ticulanzed one, which construction enables 
them to suppress the preposition [or an equi- 
valent) which otherwise must be expressed. 
That construction can take place especially 
when the particularizing noun denotes wiotter, 
use, qiuility, etc. ex. Lne monire d'or, a gold 
watch, t/ne mine d'argent, a silver mine. 
Uiie chandelledecire, a wax candle, etc. Ob- 
serve, that A bottle of wine, is in French, 
une bouteille de vin ; mU A wine bottle is une 
bouteille a vin — the first English construction 
means the quantity of wine a bottle contains, 
the second tlie sort of bottle ft to put wine in. 
See also A, Observ. VII. 

The French de, placed between two sub- 
stantives, say Grammarians and Lexicogra- 
phers, commonly causes in English the second 
to be in the possessive case ; as lamaison de 
mon p^re, my father's house ; lefts d' Alexan- 
dre, Alexander's son ; le lirre de Pierre^ 
Peter's book ; but they ought to have warneo 
the student that such a construction can taks 
place only when the second French noun i% 
actually the owner or possessor of what the 
first noun means : for the construction now 
alluded to could not be used in the circum- 
stances which have been noticed bcfo?e ; and 
besides, that pretended possessive case, traced 
to its origin, is not what is commonly suppos- 
ed . See Salmon's frst Principles of English 

11. It is easy for an Englishman to ren- 
der from by de, with pretty good accuracy 
when he is aware ol those circumstances 
which have been noticed at A, Obs. 1. These 
precluding the useof cZe; but it is not easy 
for a Frenchman to know when his de should 
be rendered by from. The French de can 
be rendered by from, only to announce the 
point from which a morement or clumge be- 
gins with an accessary idea of separation. 
See A, Obs. VI. VIII. Hence it is tliat after 
those expressions which denote privation, re- 
ce})tion, extraction, separation, exemption, de- 
liivrance, derivation, eynission, abstinence, de- 
viation, wandering, distance, birth, origin, 
hinderance, dissuasio7t, banishment, or any 
equKalent, we generally fmAfrom (sometimes 
Old of) in English (and de in French) with 
regard to the thing whence the separation 
arose, ex. J'ai requ ce matin une kttre de 
notre ancien ami, I received this morning a 
letter from our old friend ; in, la reception de 
cettre lettre m'a fait un plaisir infni, as de 
denotes no separation ; as decette. lettre would 
become cette lettre in the accusative, if the 
verb recet'oir were used instead of its verbal 
noun reception (for, we might say, J'cdre^ 
celle lettre et elie m'a fait vn plaisir infni) 
so, it must be rendered by o/; and this dis- 
tinction points out one grand principle, name- 
ly, A verbal ncnin arising from an active verb 
IS to govern with de (of) whaterer would be 
tlie anaisative of the active verb. As from 
is sometimes to be rendered by d^i see dis ; 




l)!it, b;\sc : there, ^bb, over : field, i'lg : r6be, r6b, 16rd : m6od, g3od. 

and as it is sometimes rendered by deyuis, 
see A. 01)s. VI. 

HI. The French de is used for the English 
at to aimouiK-e on whom falls raillery, mock- 
ery, muniiuiing or any other ajf'eciimi of ilie 
loiil, such as astonishment, etc. or to announce 
what occasions raillery, etc. and consequently 
It may present itself at the head of tiie came 
which makes one blush, repent, rejoice, smile, 
etc. 11 se moque de sou pere, lie laughs at 
his /other. Pourqiwi riez roiis de ce que je 
dis t why tlo you laugh at what I say 1 As de 
ce que means sometimes because, see the next 

IV. The French de is used to announce al- 
so that cause which in English comes whtijbr 
(the real meaning of which for is ellipticallv 
ccaise,) or with Jrom (the meaning of which 
is then elliptioally original came,) or with 
vnlh (the meaning of which is then be, let it 
be, with came understood ; that is to sa)', the 
full meaning of which is then and the came, 
of this is, was or vnll be.) Hence it is that 
the French say, ilmourra de chagrin, he ^^il 
die for sorrow, with sorrow ; when the En 
glish say, he tvill die for sorrow, they give t( 
of the meaning of co7isequejice elliptically for 
as tlve consequence of ; that is to sa^', he will die 
of sorrow is equal to this, li£ will die, and this 
{his death) will be the consequence of sor- 
row. Hence it is that as expressions which 
denote sonie affection of the soul generally 
have de after them to introduce the cause of 
the afiection, we often find de ce que when 
the cause is to be brought in with a verb, 
though generally introduced, in English, with 
that, elliptically equal lo for this, that; or be- 
cause; or the cause is this, that. Je suis sur- 
pris de ce que vous ites ve/m, I am surprised 
at your being come, I am surprised that you 
iire come, I am surprised because you are 

V. The de which is generally used after 
E passive expression, before what would be 
the agent of the verb if used actively, is in 

English generally by, sometimes of(hotbij\s 

always right.) Now as the English / 

times rendered into French b^' par, it is pro 

per lo observe here that de may be used 
when no part of the body is necessarily to 
move, or when, after verbs, which suppose a 
motion of the bod^', this motion has only pro- 
duced a passive condition or situation ; hence 
par after a passive verb should hardly be used 
m French except before an active agent, 1 
mean before an agent that has some design 
or particular views in what is done by hiin, 
ex. // est estimd de totUle monde, he is esteem- 
ed byeverybod3'(instead of tout le monde I'cs- 
iime, every body esteems him.) Elk el.oit 
mtuuree de gens inconmwdes, she was sur- 
rounded by troublesome people. Now elle 
itoit. ent(mree par des gens inconmwdes, would 
be rende.ed by common translators in this 
same manner, she teas surrounded by trouble- 
tome people, wherediS the true translation ought 
to be, she was surrounded by designing trou- 
blesome peojde, or something equivalent to it. 
However, when the passive verb, besides its 
natural government, is to be followed by de, 
we must use par before the agent, ex. Your 
work lias been praised in a venj delicate man- 
ner by a great academician, votre ouvrage a 1 

ete loue d'une mauitre fort delicate par un 
grand acad^micien. 

VI. The French du, m. de la f. (or de U 
before a vowel or h mute) and des plural, all 
of which generally become <& when an adjec- 
tive is to be placed before a norn taken in a 
partitive sense, may be rendered into Englisn 
by some (or any, according to circumstances,) 
when only a small portion or a small number 
is meant, especially with an emphasis : but 
w lien there is no emphasis to be laid upon the 
portion or number whether small or great, 

those partitive articles may be suppr 
English. Hence it is that we find i/ a du vin, 
expressed by he has some wine, and simply by 
he has wine ; and il a de bon vin by he has 
some good wine, and simply by he has good 

Whenever a noun used in the partitive 
sense is affected by an expression which of it- 
self requires c/e before what it falls upon, then, 
for the sake of euphony, the English some (or 
its equivalent any) without emphasis may be 
suppressed, and de alone be used ; but as 
S07ne (or any) with emphasis nuiy be rendaed 
by quelque, quelques, un peu, un peu de, etc. 
so of some (of any) etc. with emphasis, may 
he de quelque, de quelques, d'un peu, d'un 
peu de. Hence it is that the French say: 
il nou^ a domie du vin, for he gave us wine or 
he gave us some wine, without emphasis as to 
the small quantity ; and il nous a do7i7i^ un 
peu de vin, for he gave us some wine in the 
sense of he gave us a little wine ; il nous a 
dimne un verre de vin, for he gave us a glass 
of wine (wherein the quantity is determined 
by verre, glass;) il nam a montre du vin, 
for he showed us icine, or some wine ; il nous 
a parle de vin, for he spoke to us of wine in 
the sense of he spoke to vs of some wine or 
he spoke to us of wine (indeterminately as to 
the quantity or sort.) 

After some English expressions of quantity 
or number su.sceptlble of bein^ used adjec- 
tively, the French particle de is suppressed, 
when the thiiig^s or persons spoken of are to 
be introduced in an indefinite sense, but if the 
things or persons spoken of have a definite 
signification, the !■ rench particle de cannot 
be suppressed. Hence, il abeancoup d'espj-it, 
he has much wit ; il a beaucoup de I'esprit 
dojit vomparlez, he has much of ihe wit of 
which you speak ; il a beaucoup d'amis, he has 
many friencts ; il a beaucoup des amis qui rem 
manquent, he has many of those friends whom 
you have not. 

VII. The French de may be commonly 
used to express in before any word which im- 
plies manrter. Hence, de la maniere dont il 
se comporte, in the manner in which he be- 
haves ; osez-vous me parler de cette m^miere, 
or de la sorte? dare you speak to me m that 
(or this) manner 1 De is often ex[)ressed by 
in when it comes in the sense of dans, pen- 
daid, durant. Hence, de noire temps, in our 
time ; de jour, in the day-time ; de grand ma' 
tin, early in the morning. In speaking of di- 
mensions, as in trois pieds de long or trois 
jneds de longueur, if the adjective of dimen- 
sion be used in English, de disappears ; if tho 
noun of dimension be used, de is rendered bf 
in; hence the English, three Jeet long or 
three feet in length. After a superlati va es 




jeune, mSute, beurre : ewfant, chii, lien; vin .- mow; brun. 


pression, de, in the sense of flans, is generally 
to be in ; in the sense of (Ventre, it may be 
among or of, ex. Elle est la plus belle femine 
de la province, she is the hamlsomest tcoman 
in the counlnj ; elle est la plus belle des fem- 
meS; «/ie is the handiomesl of or among ivo- 
men. We find that de may stand for mi in 
speaking of iides, as in c^ mon cote, on my 
side or on my part ; de part et d'aulre or des 
deux cutes, on both sides; du rote de I'orient, 
or the east.o/- the east side, on the east parts, 
ftc. We find also that de is generally used 
for the Eng'lish ora before an instrument of mu- 
siek, when the verb joiier (to p/«(/) or some 
equivalent, comes along with it, as mjouer de 
la harpe.dii violon, etc. to play on the harp, 
on the violin, etc. 

VIII. Sometimes de is not expressed in 
English. Some circumstances have already 
been made obvious, not only in the preceding 
observations on de, but also in the 8lh ob- 
servation on en, which see : the followKig may 
guide the student in regard to those pnrases 
which may be similar to them. De, before an 
adjective belonging to a number of individu- 
als expressed just before, may stand fiir tjni 
est, qui soit, etc. and then it is often found 
suppressed in English though it might be ren- 
dered by who or which is, etc. Dii7is ce com- 
bat a y eiU 3000 hommes de tiies (qui furent 
tws,) in that action there were 3000 men 
killed. In ce sot d'ojicier, and similar phra- 
ses, if the noun be made an English adjec- 
tive, de will disappear ; if the noun be ex- 
pressed by an English noun, de will be ren- 
dered by of a or of an for the sin.rular, and 
of for the plural : hence, thai foolish ojj'wer 
and t'tuttfool of an officer. The reason is now 
obvious why nwn coqiiin de votet may be mii 
rascaUif serraTit. In il 7i'a nmngi de tout le 
jour, il ne reviendra de dix ans, etc. de may 
disappear or be rendered by for, hence heh/is 
eaten nothing this day or he has eaten 
nothing; for this tohole day, and he will not 
come back these ten years or he will not come 
back for titrse ten years. Sometimes de is 
prefixed to a noun without an adjective, after 
a tense of rtre,_ because this noun Is somewhat 
equal to an adjective, as in il est de voire in- 
t^rk de /id plnire {il est interessant four rous 
de lui plnire) it is your interest to please him. 
■Sometimes a noun which has de thus pre- 
fixed is attended with an adjective, and then 
both are somewhat equal to an adjective af- 
fected by an adverb : c'esi de la demihe 
folk, it is the greatest folly, equal to, it is ex- 
tremely foolish. 

IX. De is to be used before an infinitive 
in several circumstances which I shall com- 
prise in three articles ; and in the fourth I 
shall mention those verbs which may be fol- 
lowed by an infinitive without de, contrary to 
the general rule. 

1st. Whenever an infinitive is introduced 
instead of a noun of things which ought to 
take de before it on account of die preceding 
expression, this infinitive should also take de. 
Hence an infinitive governed by a preceding 
expression is generally to have de, not onlv 
whe.1 the preceding expression requires o/ in 
En^dish before the thin? it may fall upon, but 
in those fircwmstances (wherein it is to be in- 
troduced insteatl of a nouu) whieh 1 have no- 

ticed inObs. 2, 3, 4; ex. Iliave luid the ho- 
nour of speaking to liim,]'^! eu I'honneur de 
lui parler ; v)e forewarn you to take your mea- 
sures, nous \ous avertissons de prendre vos 
mesures ; / do not hinder him, from coming 
here,]e ne I'empeche pas de venir ici ; I laugh 
at seeing him itin in thai manner, je ris de le 
voir courir de cette mani^re (tlie seeing of 
him run in that manner is the cause of m^ 
laughing). I am glad to find you liere,^e suis 
bicn aise de vous irouver ici (the findmg of 
you here is the cause of my being glad.) 

%lly. Whenever an infinitive is made to 
stand where a noun of things governed in the 
accusative should stand, that mfinitive is ge 
nerally to ha\e de before it, though the noun 
ou^ht not to take de, since the accusative of 
a thing or person is to present itself without 
any preposition. Hence, though we say, to 
\ forget a thing, oublier une chose, yet / luive 
, for;rottert to Orimr mu books, should be ren- 

>nng my . 

W'- ...... 

I dered by fai oublii d'apportei' nies livres {I 
I hare forgotten what ? to bring my books it 
the answer, therefore to bring my booLt stands 
here for tlie thing which I hai^ forgotten, 
that is to say to bring my books stands in- 
stead of the accusative of / hare forgotten.) 
Here I must observe that a few verbs which 
govern the accusative of the thing, will how- 
ever require a before the infimtive which 
they are made to govern in order to express 
a teiideiwy towards doing or acquiring, etc. 
what the infinitive means : and though we say, 
aimer une chose, apprendre une chose, mon- 
trer une chose, etudier une chose, chercher une 
chose, etc. we must say, aimer u faire, ap- 
prendre ci faire, montrer a faire, s' etudier h 
faire, clurcher a faire, etc. See also hereaf- 
ter, ai -Uhlif. 

3dly. W henever an infinitive, which ought 
naturally to be the nominative of another 
verb, is placed after this other verb, because 
il or ce has been given to il as a borrowed no- 
minative; it seems that this infinitive, thrust 
out of its place, is introduced as a sort of ac- 
cusative case ; and therefore it should take 
de according to what has been observed at 
the article 23/ (/. And yet if the infini- 
tive were actually used as the nominative of 
the other verb, it ought to present itself with- 
out any preposition. Herwe it is thai, it is use- 
less to speak to me about \{,is in French, il est 
inutile de m'eu parler ; instead of m' en parler 
est inutile, the equivalent of to speak to me 
about it is useless. The first constructicn it 
that which suits best the French genius, which 
M/ces to make erenj thing appear in a sort of 
accusative form. See A, Obs. //. 

Athly. Certain French verbs which govern 
the thing in the accusative, will have the in- 
finitive they govern (instead of that accusa- 
tive) present itself barely without any prepo- 
sition : such are, ajirmer, aimer mieux, atier, 
assurer, a.wuer, compter, confesser, cdrtf 
daigner, declarer, deposer, desirti , aevoir, 
dire, entendre, envoyer, faire, falloir, s'imo' 
giner, laisser, memer, nier, oser, ouir, paroi' 
tre, ponvoir, pretendre, p^Utlier. rajrporter, re- 
cminuiire,savoir, son bier, smduxiter, soiUenir, 
raloir miai.r, venir, voir : il aflfirme I'avoir 
vu, he a firms to lutre seen, it, or he affirms 
that he )ias seen it, etc. Some of these will 
however be sometimes folio we<l by de ani^ 




bir. bat, base : there, ^bb, ov^r : f lelt, f?°^ : ribe, rdb, lOrd : m6od, gftod. 

an infinitive, as desirer, venir, souhaiter, dire, 
etc. II desire or souludte de voiis voir, he 
wishes to see you. Diles-leur de venir, bid 
them come. Je viens de Lui parkr, I have just 
sjioken to him. // Tie fait que d'arriver, he is 
but just arrived. 

Dfi, da, s. m. die ; thimble; (in architect- 
ure) middle of the pedestals. 

Ve, s. m. Mar. coak or cog (of the block 
sheave.) De de /o7Ue, brass cog. Piper led4, 
to cog the dice. Tenir toujours le de dans la 
conversaliori, to engross all the talk to one's 
self. //« de en est jet^, it is a thing resolved 
on. Sansjlatte.r le de, roundly, plainly, with- 
out making things belter than they are. 

DIalbation, s. f. dealbation, the act of 

Debaclage, da-bl-kl^2, s. m. clearing or 

DEBACLE, d^-bikl, s. f. DibMemerd, s. m. 
breaking up of ice in a river that was frozen. 
DeMicle (d'un port,) clearing of a harbour (by 
removing the lightened vessels to make room 
for such as are laden.) 

Debacler, da-bi-kla, V. n. to break, as 
ice does ; also to clear, open (a liarbour, win- 
dow, etc.) 

Debacleur, da-bi-klSur, s. m. water- 

Di;BiGOur,ER,da-b^-g5o-lii,v. a. to blurt 
or blab ou:, talk sillily. 

Deeagouleur, s.'m. he that talks without 

Deballer, di-bii-lS., v. a. to unpack; to 
pack or go away, 

Debandade, d^-bin-d^d, s. f. Fuirhla 
dibandade, to fly helter-skelter. Aller a la de- 
bandade, to straggle or go a straggling. Vivre 
d, la dcbandade, to lead a loose, disorderly life. 
Mettre tout A la debandade, to leave all at ran- 

DisANDEMENT, di-bind-m?K, s. m. dis- 
persion, relaxation, unbending. 

Deeander, da-b^-dii, v. a. to untie, un- 
bind or loosen, unbend, uncock. 

Se debander, v. r. to slacken, grow loose or 
unbent ; (said of soldiers) to straggle or dis- 
band themselves ; to unbend, recreate, re- 
fresh (the 7nind.) 

Debanquer, v. a. to get all the money the 
banker has before h\m, (in gaming.) 

DIbaptiser, di-ba-ll-za, v. a. to un- 
christen. 11 s" feroU debaptiser, he would re- 
nounce his baptism. 

Debarbouu.ler, d^-b^r-bflo-/i, v. a. to 
clean, wash or make clean (tlieface.) 

DiBARCADERE, s. f. landing-place. ♦ 

Debarcauour, s. m. place for landing a 
ihip's cargo. 

D^bardage, da-bar-d^z, s. m. unlading 
{of wood.) 

DfBARDKiJR, d<\-biir-d^ur, s. m. lighter- 
man, porter that assists in unlading (wood.) 

D ifi A RQ UEM ENT, da-bark -m^n, s.m. Mar. 
disembarking, debarcation, landing. 

DiBA KQiiER,da-bar-A:a, v. a. & n. Mar. to 
disembark, land, uniade or unload. Debarqiier 
unojicier, to discharge an officer. Deharquer 
tes poiub-es, to get out the powder. Dibarquer 
des march andises, to unload or land goods. 

DIbarras, s. m. cessation <w deliverance 
fioni embarrassment, the being rid of. 

DjEBARRASsEMENT, da-bi-r^-mSn, s. m. 
clearing, disentangling, deliverance. 

Debarrasser, dk-hk-r&sh, v. a. to clear 
or get clear, free or get out, disentangle or 
disinlricate, rid of or from. 

Debarrer, da-b^-r^, v. a. to unbar. 

Debat, da-ba, s. m. debate, strife, quar- 
rel, contest, dispute, controversy, altercation. 

Debater, da-bk-ta, v. a. to take off the 

Debattre, d^-bilr, v. n. (like battre) to 
debate, discuss, or examine, dispute, strive, 
contend, fall out or quarrel. Se aebaitre, v. r 
to struggle, strive. 

DebatI- J, E, adj. debated, etc. 

DiBAUciiE, d^-bAsh, s. f. debauch, de- 
bauchery, riotous banquetting and revelling. 
Faire dibauclie, to revel. Passer sa vie dins 
la debauche,\o lead a lewd life, be a lewd or 
debauched man, be a whore-master. Une 
homiile d^bauche, an innocent mirth or merry 

DEBAUcni, E, d3i-b6-sha, adj. and s. de 
bauched, loose, lewd, debauchee, prostitute. 

Debaucher, d'd-bA-sha, v. a to debauch, 
spoil or deprave; to corrupt, bribe. jW- 
bauclier queiqu'tin de son travail, to take one 
off from his work. Debauclier un valet, to get 
or entice away a servant. Viande qui di- 
bauche I'estomac, meat that disorders the sto- 
mach. Se debauclier, v. r. to debauch one's 
self, take a lewd course of life, follow ill 
courses ; leave off one's work. 

DiBAUCHEU-R, SE, s. m. & f. debauchee. 

Debet, s. m. balance due in account. 

DsBiFFi:, E,d?i-hi-f^, adj. disordered, sur- 
feited, debilitated, quite out of sorts. Visage 
debifi, wan countenance, dejected look. 

l3EBiFFER,v.a.todebilitate,disorder^ spoil. 

D£bile, d&,-b?l, adj. weak, feeble, famt, in- 

Debilement, dk-hUl-mht, adv. faintly, 
weakly, feebly. 

DiBi LiTATioN, d?(-b?-l?-til-sTon,s. f. debili- 
tation, weakening, enfeebling. 

Debilite, d^-b?-li-ta,s. Cdebility, feeble- 
ness, weakness, infirmity. 

Debilite, e, adj. debilitated, etc. 

Debiliteb, da-b!-l!-ta, v. n. to debilitate, 
weaken or enfeeble. Se d^biliter, v, r. to 
weaken, grow weak. 

Debiller, v. a. to loosen the horses (that 
draw a ship or boat in a river.) 

Debit, da-bf , s. m. utterance, market, sale. 
Marchanaise de bon debit, commodity that 
sells well or goes off ver^' well. // a nn beau 
debit, he has a good utterance or delivery 

Debitant, e, s. m. & f. he or she that 
sells commoditied. 

Debiter, da-b?-t^, v. a. to sell, vend, ut- 
ter or put off; (un bruit) to spread a report. 
// dAbite bien sa marchandise, or il dibite bien, 
he converses well. 

Deb(TEU-r, se, da-b?-t?ur, s. m. & f. debt- 
or ; (de nouvelles) spreader of news, go.ssip. 

DiBiTRicE, da-bi-tr!s, s. f. female debtor 
or simply debtor. 

Debitter, v, a. Mar. to unbit or unbite. 
D^liitte le second cdble, unbit the best bower. 

DiBLAi, d^-bli, s. m. riddance; removal 
(of dirt, etc.) 

DiBLATtRER, v.n. to declaim againstone > 
with violence. 




bijse, b&t : j^Ane tnSute, b^urre : kn&nl, cSnt, lien ; vin ; mon ; bruw. 

Deblayer, da-bl§-yi, v. a. to rid, free, 
dear of wliat is cumbersome. 

DiBOiRE, di-bwar, s. m. ill after-taste or 
tenff, grief, sorrow, choke-pear. 

iJEBotTEMENT, da-bwit-m3rt, s. m. put 
ting out of joint, disjointing, dislocation. 

Deboiter, di-bwi-ti, v. a. to put out of 

D^BONDER, di-bon-da, v. a. to open the 
dam, sluice, wear or floodgate. 

Dibonder, v. n. Se debonder, v. r. to sluice 
out, break out, or open, burst forth. 

DzBONDONNER, d^-bon-d6-nS., v. a. to i 
bung or take out the stopple. 

*DEB0NNAiRE,d5.-b&-nir,adj. debonai 
good,^acious, meek, gentle, kmd. 

*Debonnairement, d^-b6-nir-mS«,adv. 
graciously, kindly. 

*Debonnairete, s. f goodness, good na- 
ture, gentleness, meekness, moderation. 

D^BORD, s. m. {of bile) overflowing. 

Deborde, e, di-bSr-dL adj. lewd, disso- 
lute, debauched ; overflowed, etc. 

Debordement, da-bftrd-m5n, s. m. over- 
flowing, inundation; breaking out; loose life, 
debauchery, lewdness, depravation ; irruption. 

Deborder, di-bfir-da, v. a. to unborder 
[agamienl) v. n. to jut out. Se deborder, v. r. 
to overflow, break out of its banks. Deborder, 
V. n. Mar. to put off, sheeroff, quit boarding. 
Deborder, v. a. Mar. to rip off" the planks of; 
(les huniers, etc.) to let go. 

DAbosser un cable, etc. Mar. to take off 
the stoppers from the cable, etc. 

DiBOTTE, e, adj. unbooted, whose boots 
are off. 

DEBOTTER,di-b<i-ta, pull off ano- 
ther's boots. Se debotter, v. r. to pull off one's 

DiBoucHf, E, adj. unstopped, open. 

Debouch E,da-b6o-shi,s.m.opening,way 
to escape^ channel or opportunity for getting 
off or selling off (articles of trade;) defile. 

DisoucHEMENT, da-bftosh-m^n, s. m. 
opening, unstopping, clearing, channel or op- 
portunity for getting off or selling off (articles 
of trade;) defile. 

Ueboucher, di-bfto-shi, v. a. to unstop, 
uncork, open, clear. 

Deboucler, di-bflo-kl^, v. a. to un- 
buckle; (r/necamfe) to unring; to uncurl (liair.) 

DiBOUiLH,s. m. trying of colours (in dy- 

Debocillir, v.a. to try colours (indying.) 

Debouquement, da-b6ok-mSra,s.m. Mar. 
disemboguing, sailing out of a narrow chan- 
nel »?• out from between islands. 

Debouquer, d^-b6o-^a, v. n. Mar. to dis- 
embogue, sail out of a narrow channel or out 
from between islands. Nous avmis dtlbouque 
var les iles Philippines, we sailed out from 
between the Philippines. 

DiBOURBER, da-b6or-b?l, v. a. to takeout 
of or cleanse from mud. 

DiBOURGEONNER, V. a. la rngne, to nip 
off the young buds of a vine. 

Debourrer, d\-b6o-ri, v. a. to polish or 
fashion. Se debourrer, v. r. to grow polite, 

DEBOURsf,da-bSor-sJ s. m. money laid 
out, disbursement, charges 

DEBOURSEMENT,da-bftors-m?n, s. m. dis- 
bursement, disbursing or laying out. Faire 

un debowsenienl considerable, to lay out a con- 
siderable sum of money. 

Debourser, da-b6or-sa, v. a. to disburse, 
spend or lay out. 11 vous faudra debourser 
biende I'argent, you must lay cJUt a greatdeal. 
DEB0UT,dlb6o, adv. up, standing on one's 
legs or feet. Eire debout, lo stand ; to be up 
or stirring. Debout ! up, get up, rise. Mcir. 
Ex. debout au vent, head to wind. Debout a 
terre, head in for the land. Debout a la lame, 
head to the sea. Debout au corps, end on. 
Debout au courant, end on to the tide. Met- 
tre un aviron debout, to toss an oar up. Pren 
drela lame debout, to bow the sea. 

D^BOUTER, dSi-bSo-ti, V. a. to cast off or 
reject (at law.) 

DiBOUTONN^, E, adj. unbuttoned, whose 
breast is open. Manger a ventre d^boiUonnd, 
to cram one's self with meat, eat to excess. 

Deboutonner, di-bfto-td-ni, v. a. toun- 
button. Se deboutonner, v. r. to unbutton one'i 
coat, etc. To unbosom one's self. 

D^braille, e, d^-bri-/&, adj, whose 
breast is open. 

Debrailler, (se) v. r. to expose one's 

DisREDOuiLLER, d^br-dflo-/i, V. a. to 
save the lurch (ingaming.) 

D^BRiDER, da-brl-di, v. a. to unbridle. 
Sans debrider, without drawingbil ; also with- 
out intermission. 

DiBRis, d^-bri, s. m. wreck, ruins, rub- 
bish,' broken remains, pieces of ^vreck. 

Debrouillement, da-brAo^m^n, s. m 
clearing,disentangling, unfolding, disintricat- 

DiBROuiLT.ER, d^-br6o-/il, V. a. to clear, 
disentangle, disintricate, unravel. 

Debrutaliser, v. a. to cure of a rude, 
blunt, unpolite behaviour. 

Debuutir, da-brfl-tJr,v. a.topolish,make 

DEBircHER, dii-bfl-shi, V. a. to dislodge, 
V. n. to leave the woods {said of wild beasts.) 

Debusquement, s. m. the act of forcing 
one from an advantageous post. 

DiBUS(iUER,di-bfls-^, v.a.todrive,beat 
out or force from (an advantageous post,) to 
oust, thrust or turn out, supplant or under- 
mine, give (one) a remove. 

Debut, d^-bfl, s. m. lead, first castor 
ihrow,heginning {of a discotirse or enterprise,) 
first appearance {of an actor.) Faire un beau 
debut, to begin well. 

Debutant, e, s. m. & f. he or she who 
plays for the first time. 

Deeuter, da-bfl-t^, v. n. to lead or play 
first, to begin, v. a. to hit or knock away (a 

DE(;k or De-9<\. de-si, V. qh. 

DfcACHETER, da-kash-t'd, v. a. to unseal, 
oprn or break open (what is sealed.) 

Decade, da-kad, s. f. decade, a imber of 
ten. V. Decadi. 

Decadence, d;i-kS-dins, s. f. decay; de- 
cadency, decline or decrining,wreck,ruin,fall. 
Un empire qui va en decadence, a declining or 
falling empire, an empire that begins to fall. 

D EC A G ON E ,da-ka-g67i,s.m.o;- adj .decagon. 

DfxAissER, d^-/.-?-si, V. a. to uncaiie 
(goods,) to take out of a box or chest. 

DfcALOGUE, da-kS.-Iftg, s. ra. decalogue 
or ten commandments. 




bir, bat, b^ : Ih^re, ^bb, ovir : field, f?g : rAbe, rSb, I6rd : mAod, gftod. 

DicAMERON.s. m. Decameron (relation 
•f ten days' events or conversations .) 

DicAMVKMENT, da-kinp-mlw, s. m. de- 
cain})n)ent or marching off. 

DicAMPER, dl-kci;i-p?i, V. n. to march off, 
decamp, go from the camp, run away. 

DicANAT, di-ka-ni, s. m. deanery. 

Decaniser, v. n. to supply the place of a 
dean in his al>sence. 

D£casoniser, v. a. to uncanonize. 

DicANTATioN,s.f.decan)atioii, decanting. 

DicAKTER, V. n. to decant any liquor, 
pour it gently from one vessel into another. 

DicAPKLF.R, V. a. Mar. to take the rig- 

fing, etc. off the mast head. Decajiekr nne 
tme, to get a top off. Decapeler les kaubans, 
k> strip the masts. 

DicAPER, V. a. to take off the verdigris 
of the copper, v. n. Mar. to weather a cape. 

DECAPITATION, s. f. beheading. 

DECAPiTER,da-k^-pi-ta, v. a. to behead. 

DjtCARRELER, da-kkr-la, V. a. tounpave. 

D^CASTVLE, s.m.decastyle (building with 
len columns in front.) 

DfcASYLLABE, da-ka-si-lib, adj. verse 
consistin.<^ of ten syllables. 

DfcEUER, d"i-s^-d^, V. a. to decease, die. 

*DECEixnRE, V. a. (see the table at ein- 
dre,) to ungird or undo a girdle. 

DicEfNT, E, adj. ungirded. 

Die EL E, E, adj. delected, disclosed, dis- 
covered, revealed. 

Dicii.E.MENT, da-s?l-m^, s. m. reveal- 
ing, discovery, detection, disclosing. 

DicELER, d^li, V. a. to detect, disclose, 
discover or reveal. 

DicEi.EU-R, SE, das-lSur, liuz, s. m. & f. 
discoverer, informer. 

DicEMBKE, dR-s^/br, s. m. December. 
.D£ce!V!Ment, da-sa-m&n, adv. decently, 

DECEMVIR, di-s^-v1r, s. m. decemvir. 

DicKMViRAL, E, adj. belonging to the 

DEcEMTiRAT, di-s^m-vl-rS, s. m. decem- 

Decence, da-s^, s. f decency, decorum, 
oecomiiigness, seemliness, fitness. 

DicESNAL, E, da-s^n-nal, adj decennial. 

DicENT, E, da-s^, s^t, adj. decent, 
handsome, befitting, seemly, becoming. 

D£ceptio5, dl-s^p-s?07j, s. f. deceit, de- 
ception, cheat. 

DicER.NER, da-s?r-na, V. a. to decree, or- 
der, ordain or appoint. 

D£cis,da-s^, s. m. decease, death,demise. 

DicEVABi.E, adj. liable to be de<>eiv6d. 

DicEVANTjE, das-v^, v^t,adj. deceitful, 
crafty, uncertain, false, vain, treacherous. 

Decevoi R, das-vwkr, v. a. (like concevoir) 
to deceive, cheat, beguile. 

DicHAiNF.MENT, da-sli^-m?n, s. m. out- 
raee or outrageous language, railing. 

fiicHAisER, di-sh^-na, v. a. to unchain, 
break loose, to let loose, set up, incense, to 
break one's chains, get loose ; also to inveigh 
most bitterly or with great impatience, raiK 

Dechalander, v. a. to entice or get cus- 
tomers away from. 

DEcHANTER,d?i-sh6n-t^, V. n. to change 
one's note or sing another tune. H y a bien 
h dechanier, things fast short of what was sup- 
PORed or expectcni. 

DfcHAPERONRER I'oiseau, V. a. to OB- 
hood the hawk. 

Decharge, da-sh^rz, s. f unloading, dis- 
charge or purging ; place of discharge, pas* 
sage, outlet ; ease ; discharge, acquittal, ac- 
quittance; discharge {o/c(mnon,)\o\]cy; ware- 
house or storehouse, storeroom, closet. C'est 
autant de decharge pour Petal, the state will be 
so much the more eased by it. La seritinelle 
Jil sa decharge, the sentinel fired his piece. 
Decharge de cov-ps de baton, sound drubbing 
whh a stick, bastinado. 

Decharge, e, adj. unloaded, etc. Taille 
dechargee, free, easy shape. Cheval decharg^ 
de tiiille, well made horse. 

Dechargemest, da-sh?irj-m?n, s. m. 
Mar. unloading or discharging of a vessel, 
etc. V. Comniencer. 

Decharger, di-sb^r-iSi, v. a. to unload, 
disburden ; to ease ; to discbarge, free, re- 
lease ; clear, acquit ; to discharge, shoot off; 
to unload or draw out a charge of; to lop (a 
tree ,) to vent or wreak ; to throw off or cast 
{care.) H lui dechargea un grand coiip de 
baton sur la tete, he gave him a heavy blow 
with his stick upon the head. Decharger son 
cceur i un ami, to unbosom one's self to a 
frieml. DMiarger, v. a. Mar. to unload, etc, 
Decluirger un b&timerd, to unload a ship, dis- 
charge a ship. V. Commencer. Decharger une 
roile. to fill a sail (after it has lain aback.) 
Decharge devant, haul off all, let go and haul. 
Decharge derriere, main sail (or main-top 
sail) haul. Decharge la chcUoitpe, clear the 
launch. V. Chanzer, now more in use. Se 
decharger, v. r. (ofrirers) to discharge, emp- 
ty, or disembogue itself; to fade, change. St 
aecharger d'une faute sur un autre, to laj' a 
fauh upon another. 

Dechargeur, da-shar-iJur, s. m. wnla- 
der, porter, etc. 

Dechakmek, v. a. to unrkarm, take off 
the charm or spell, unbewitch. 

DECHAR»i,E, adj. lean, thin, lank, that has 
nothing but skin ami bones left on him. 

DicHARNER, da-shar-na, V. a. to pick tlie 
flesh off, make lean, thin or lank. 

Dechaumer, V. a. said of a piece of fal- 
low ground that has never been cultivated. 

DECHAUssi,E,adj. whose shoes and stork- 
ing are off, bare-legged, bare-footed, etc. 

UicHAUSSEMENT, da-sh/>s-m^, s. m. 
making of trees and vines bare at the root ; 
pulling off shoes and stockings. 

DicHAUSSKR, da-sh&-si, v. a. to pull off 
the shoes and stockings ; to open at the roots, 
dig about it, bare the roots of (a tree ;) to se- 
parate from the gurn^ (a tooth.) 

Dechaussoir, da-sh6-sw&r, s. m. instru- 
ment to cut the gums from a tooth. 

DicH iA^^CE,da-sha-^^s,s.f.Ioss, forfeiture. 

Decheuir, V. Dechoir. 

Dechet, da-sh^, s. m. waste, decay, di- 
minution, lessening or abatement, loss. 

DicHEVELER, da-shev-Ki, y. a. to dishe 
vel, put the hair in disorder. 

DECHEviTRER, dash-v^-trS, V. a. to uu- 
halter,take off the halter. Se derheret'-er d'une 
mammsecompagnie,toget rid ofbad company, 

DicHiFFRABLE, da-ch!f-fr4bl, adj. that 
may j>e deciphered 

DECHiFFREMENT,di-shIfr-ni^, s. 10. de 



bi'ise, bSt : j<^une, mSute, blurre itifknt, c§«l, lien ; vin ; mort ; brun. 

Di:cHiKKRER,da-shi-fra, v. a. to decipher, 
read tlumgli badly written, find out the mean- 
ing of; to unravel, disentangle, clear, disco- 
ver, untold. Dediiff'rer une personne, to set 
one out in his proper colours. 

iJECHiKKRKUR, d^-shi-frSur, s, m. deci- 
pherer, expounder of ciphers. 

DECHKiUETER, da-shik-t4, V. a. to cut, 
slash cr marig^e. 

DicHiftUETURE, dS-shlk-tir, s. f. cut, 

Dechirage, dR-sh?-rir, s. m. breaking 
(of old boats or barges to get the timber.) Bois 
de (Uchirage,o\A limber from Iwals or barges. 

Dechire, e, d?t-sh?-ra, adj. rent, torn, 
torn off, torn in pieces, etc. Eire tout dichir^, 
to be all in rags or tatters. 

DicHiREMENT, d4-shlr-m3»i, s. m. tear- 
ing, tearing oflTo/- in pieces, rending. Dechire- 
ment de caeiir heart breaking. 

DicHiRER, di-sli?-ra, v. a. to rend, tear or 
tear ofT, pull cr tear in pieces, mangle ; to 
rail at, bespatter, revile or defame. DMii- 
rer a coups de/ouet, to lash or jerk to pieces. 
Se declarer, v. r. to rend, tear one's selr,efc. 

Dechirure, da-sh]-rur, s. f. rent. 

Dechoir, da-shwir, v. a. (see choir'm tlt« 
table) to decay or fall, sink, decline, dwindle 

Dechouer, di-shfto-^, v. a. to get afloat 
or off the ground (into deep water) or get ofT 
(a ship that has run aground.) 

Dechu, e, adj. decayed, wasted, fallen 
away, etc. Dechu de que/que droit, that has 
'ost or forfeited a right or privilege. 

Deciu^, e, da-sl-da, adj. decided, deter- 

UiciD^MEVT, dH-s?-di-m^w, adv. posi- 
tively, resolutely. 

Decider, di-s!-dl, v. a. to decide, deter- 
mine or resolve, make an end of. Wcider, 
V. n. to be dogmatical or jjeremptory. Decider 
de la fortune de quelqu'un, to dispose of one's 

r>i;ciMABLE, di-si-mibl, adj. liable to pay 
the tenths, titheable. 

Di^niVAL, E, da-s?-mJl, adj. decimal. 

Decimateur, di-si-mi-t^ur, s. m. tith- 

Decimation, d3t-s!-ml-sion, s. f. decima- 

DiciMER, di-s!-mi, v. a. to decimate, 
punish every tenth. 

DiciMES, d4-sini, s. f. pi. tenths. 

Decintrer, v. a. to remove the mould of 
an arch. 

Decintrement, s. m. removing of the 
mould or ciuU^s of an arch after it is built. 

Dicisi-F, VE, di-sl-zlf, zlv, adj. decisive, 
peremptory. Titre decisif, clear title. 

Decision, dit-sl-zIo«, s. f. decision, reso- 
lution, determination. 

DfcisiVEMENT, di-sJ-zIv-min, adv. deci- 

DicisoiRE, d4-sl-zw4r, adj. decisory, de- 
ciding, decisive. 

DicLAMATEUR,d8i-kli-m4-t^ur,s. m. de- 
damator, dec!aimer, orator. 

DicLAMATioN, d^-kl4-mi-s?on, s. f. de- 
clamation, oration, bombast, abuse, invec- 
Itve, railing. 

Decl\matoipe, da-klii-m^-twir , adj . de- 
clamatory, pertaining to declaiming. 

DicLAMER, da-klii-ma, v. a. to declaim, 
make put)lick speeches. Decbxnver cndre, to 
inveign or declaim against, rail at. 

Declarati-f, VE, da-kli-ri-tif, tlv, adj. 
declarative, declaratorv. 

Declaration, di-kli-ri-slon s. f. decla- 
ration, edict or proclamation, also list, inven- 

DicLARATOiRE, da-kli-ri-twir, adj. de- 

Declare, e, adj. declared, etc. Ennemi 
declare, professed or open enemy. 

Declaher, da-kli-ri, v. a. to declare, 
show, manifest, or publish, make plain or 
kuown, signify, announce or proclaim. Onl'a 
declare crimiiiel, he was found guilty. Se de- 
clarer, V. r. to explain one's self, tell or open 
one's mind o/" thoughts. Se declarer pour , Xo 
declart for, side with. La maladie s'est di- 
citrie au bras, the distemper broke out in his 

DfcLENCHER, V. a. to lift up the latch («f 
a door.) 

Declic, s. m. engine to drive in stakes 
battering ram. 

Dici.iN, dii,-kli»«, s. m. decline or declin- 
ing, decay ; (of the moon) wane. Sur le dd- 
chn, declining. Le jour est sur son declin, it 
draws towards night. L'hirer est sur son de- 
clin, winter is going away or growing to- 
wards au end. Le declin d'une mMadie, a sick- 
ness pa£t the crisis. 

Declinable, ua-kll-nibl, adj. declinable. 

Declinaison, da-kll-ui-zoM, s. f. declen 
sion ; declination [of the sun;) variation (q^ 
tlie needle.) 

Declinant, e, da-kli-n^«, n^nt, adj. de- 
clining, going off. Cadrioi diclinant, declin- 
ing dial. 

Declinatoire, da-kH-ni-twir, s. m. de- 
clinator or declinatory ; exception against a 
judge rtr jurisdiction. EjccqUions cr ^w* d^- 
cliihUoires have the same n«eaniiig. 

Declinek, da-kli-na, v. a. to decline (<x 
7IOM7I,) to except against a jurisdiction; to 
vary {as the needle.) v. n. to decline ; decay 
or abate. Le Jour decline, it begins to grow 
late, it draws towards night, the day wears 

D^clivite, s. f. declivity. 

Decloitre, e, adj. uncloistered. 

Dec lore, v. a. (like clorc) but only used 
in the sing, of the pres. in the fut. sing, and 
plur. and the participle declos, e, to unclose, 
open (a jtark, etc.) 

D^CLOUER, da-kl5o-a, v. a. tounnail. 

Decochement, da-kdsh-m^n, s. m. shoot- 
ing letting fly (an arrow.) 

D EcacH ER, da kS-sha, v.a. to sbont, let fly. 

Decoction, dl^-kdk-sfo«, s. f. deco<lion. 

Decoikee, e, adj. without head-<ln;ss. 

Decoikfer, da-kwi-fa, v. a. to pull oflT a 
woman's head-dress, uncoif; (wjie bouteille) 
to open, crack (a bottle) 

Decoincer, v. a. Mar. to knock up tin 
wedges of. 

Decollation, da-k3-lsi-s?oB, s. f.decoUa* 
tion or beheading. 

Decollement, 6k-k&\-mht, a. m. unglu- 
ing, coming ofTl 

DicoLLKR,da-k6-'a,v. a.tounglue,mak<j 
come off; to behead. Se decoller, v. r. to ua- 
glue, come off 




bkr, b^t, hkse : th^re, ^bb, over : Held, fig : r6be, r8b, I6rd m6od, gaod. 

-ta, V. a. to uncover 

DfcOLLETER, da- 

the neck or shoulders. 

DicoLORER, d?i-kft-lft-ri, v. a. to disco- 
lour or tarnish, take away the colours. Se di- 
colorer, v. r. to grow discoloured, to lose or 
change its colour, fade. 

Decombrer, dS.-kftn-br&, v. a. to carry 
off the rubbish, clear from rubbish. 

DlcOMBRES, d!^-konbr, s. m. pi. rubbish. 

DECOMPOSER, di-kon-pd-zii, v. a. to dis- 
solve or resolve (a mixt body ;) analyze ; to 
confound, disconcert. 

DiicoMPosiTioN, d^-kon-p5-z]-sJow, s. f. 
dissolution or resolution, dissolving. 

Decompte, di-kont, s. m. money to be 
discounted or abated, discount. 

Decompter, di-kon-t&, v. a to discount, 
deduct, abate. 

Deconcerter, di-kon-sSr-t^, v. a. to put 
out ; make a discord in musick ; to put into 
disorder ; disconcert, abash ; to disappoint, 
frustrate or confound, baffle, break the mea- 
sures of. Se deconcerter, v. r. to be disordered, 
concerned, disturbed or disconcerted. 

*DECONFiRE,dS,-kon-flr, v. a. (likecon^re) 
to discomfit, rout, defeat; also to puzzle,abash. 

*Deconfit, E, adj. routed, defeated or 

*Deconfiture, d?L-kon-f!-tilir, s. f. dis- 
comfiture, rout, defeat, havock, ruin. 

DicosFORT, s. m. despondency. 

Deconforter, da-ko7i-f6r-ta, v. a. to dis- 
comfort, afflict or cast down. Se deconforter, 
r. r. to despend. 

DicoNSEiLLER, dS.-kon-s?-Zi, v. a. to 
dissuade, advise to the contrary. 

DicoNSTRUiRE, v. a. to Separate the dif- 
ferent parts {0/ a machine or discourse.) 

Decontenancer, da-kont-n^n-s^, v. a. to 
put out of countenance, confound. Se decon- 
tenancer, v. r. to be dashed or confounded, be 
put out of countenance. 

*Deconvenue, di-konv-nA, s. f. disaster, 

Decoration, dii-kft-rA-slon, s. f. decora- 
tion, ornament, set off. Les decorations d'un 
iM&ti-e, the decoration of a stage, the .scenes. 

Df CORDER, da-kflr-d^, v. a. to untwist. 

DicoRER, da-kfl-ri, v. a. to decorate, 
beautify, adorn, set off. 

DicoRTiCATioN, s. f. decortication. 

DECORUM, dS.-k6-r6m, s. m. decorum, de- 

DicoucHER^da-kSo-sh^, v.n. tolie abroad 
or from home, lie in another bed. L ne de- 
coiiche jamais d'ai-ec sa femf.te, he never lies 
awaj' from his wife. Decoucher {quelqu'un) 
V. a. to put (one) out of his bed. 

Decoudre, da-k6odr, v. a. (like coudre) 
to unsew or unstitch, rip open or off. En decou- 
dre, to have a bout or brush together. D^- 
tmidre des bordages. Mar. to rip off planks 
from a ship's side. Se decoudre, v. r. to rip, 
get unsewed, get in a bad way. 

•Decoulant, e, adi. flowing. 

DfcouLEMENT, dii-kdol-m^, s. m. drop- 
ping, flowing, flux or running. 

Decouler, di-k6o-l^, v. a. to flow, run 
down^ drop, trickle. 

DfconpER, dS.-k5o-pi, v. a. to cut or 
carve ; (of cloth, etc.) to pink, cut into flow- 
ers or figures. 

DicouPEU-R, SE,d^-k6o-p^ur, piuz, 
& f. pinker, one that figures cloth or stuff. 

Decouple, E, dS.-kSo-pl^,adj. uncoupled; 
well-set or made. 

Decouple, s. m. the act of letting dogs 
loose upon game. 

Decoupler, da-k6o-pl^, v. a. to uncou 
pie. Decoupler quelqu'un aprh un autre, to 
let one loose upon another, set on. 

Decoupure, da-kflo-pur, s. f. pinking, 
cut cloth, cut cloth-work , cut paper- work. 

Decouragement, di-kfto-raz-m^n, s. m 
discouragement, faint-heeutedness. 

Decourager, di-k6o-ri-2a, v. a. to dis- 
courage, dishearten, dispirit, deter, put out of 
conceit. Se decourager, v. r. to grow discou 
raged or disheartened, lose courage, despond. 

D£COURs,da-k6or, s. m. wane or decrease 
{of tlie moon,) abatement (of a disease.) 

Decousu, e, adj. unstitched, unsewed, 
ript ;^ in a bad way ; unconnected (styU.) 

Decousure, d^-kSo-zir, s. f. thing un- 
sewed or unstitched or ript ; also gash (by a 
tusk of a icild boar.) 

Decouvert, e, adj. vmcovered, discover- 
ed, etc. open (country.^ A decouvert, adv. 
openly, in the open air, barefaced, in the 
face of all the people, clearly, plainly. 

DicouvERTE, s. f. discovery, finding out. 
Envoy er a la decouverte, to send out scouts for 
intelligence. Envoyer unefregate a la decou- despatch a frigate on the look-out. 

DIcouvreur, s. m. discoverer. 

Decouvrib, d&-k6o-vrfr, v. a. (like ou- 
vrir) to uncover, discover, see, perceive, find 
out or detect, disclose, open, declare, reveal, 
get intelligence of. Se decouvrir, v. r. to un- 
cover one's self, to pull off one's hat, discover 
or make one's self known ; play open (at ta- 
bles,) lay one's self open (w fencing.) Cela 
se cUcouvrira aire le temps, that will come out 
or will be known one time or other, time will 
bring that to light. Le temps se decouvre, it 
clears up, the clouds break asunder. 

Decrasser, d^-kr^-sa, v. a. to make 
clean, get the dirt, grease or rust off; also to 
polish. Se decrasser, v. r. to get off the dirt ; 
also to grow polite. 

DECREDiTf, E, adj. that has lost his cre- 
dit, etc. 

Decr]£ditement, da-krJl-d?t-m?w, s. m. 
discredit, discrediting, disrepute. 

D^CREDiTER, dii-kr^-di-t^, v. a. to 
make (one) lose his credit ; to discredit, sink 
the credit, authority or reputation of (one ) 
Se decriditer, v. r. to lose one's credit or rc- 
putation, sink one's credit. 

Decrepit, e, da-kra-p?, p!t, adj. decro 
pit, crazj^. 

Decrepitation, s. f. decrepitation. 

DicR^piTER, da-kr^-pi-ti, v. a. to dry 
(salt) by the fire till it crackles no longer. 

Decr:£pitude, d^-kr^-pj-tfld, s. f. crazy 
or decrepit old age, decrepitude. 

Decret, di-kr§, s. m. decree, order, ordi- 
nance, statute, warrant, writ or judgment. 

DicRiTALES, di-kra-til, s. f. pi. decretals. 

Decreter, d^-kra-ti, v. a. to decree, or- 
der or ordain, award ; (wne fcrre) to order tlw 
sale of (an estate.) 

Decri, da-kr?, s. m. crying down ot pro- 
hibition, disgrace, discredit. 

Decrier, dii-kr]-2i, to ciy down or pre- 




bise, bfit : jiiine, m8ute, blurre : ^fint, cini, Wen : v'ln : mon : brun. 

hibit^ disapprove, disparage, disgrace or dis- 
credit. Decrier quelqu'un dans I' esprit du 
peuple, to make one odious lo the people. 

DicRiRE, d&.-krir, V. a. (like^mre, see the 
table alcrire) to draw (a line, a circle, etc.) 
describe, make a description of. 

Decrit, e, adj. drawn, etc. 

Decrochement, s. m. unhooking. 

Decrocher, da-kr8-sha, v. a. to unhook, 
take down or off a hook. 

DECR0CHETEK,da-kr8sh-ti,v.a.lo unhook. 

"Decroire, da-krwir, v. a. (like croire) 
to disbelieve- 

D£CROissEMENT,d3i-krwas-me7t,s. m. do- 
crease, diminution, ebbing. 

DECRoiTRE,da-krw4tr, V. n. (like crottre,) 
to decrease, grow less, ebb. Les jours (W- 
croissent, the days grow shorter. 

D£CROTTER,da-kr&-t&, v. a. to brush off 
the dirt, rub clean (shoes, coat, etc.) 

Decrotteur, da-kr5-t(*ur, s. ni. shoe- 
boy, slK>e-man, shoe-cleaner, shoe-lilack. 

Decrottoiee, di-krS-lwir, s. f. shoe or 

Decru, ¥., adj. decreased. 

Decruer, v. a. to prepare and soak 
(thread) previous to dying. 

Decrumekt,s. m. preparing and soaking 
of thread previous to ilying. 

Decrusement, s. m. putting of the cods 
of silk-worms into boiling water, the more 
easily to wind up the silk. 

Decruser, V. a. to put the cods of silk- 
worms into boiling water, the more easily to 
wind up the silk. 

Di9U , E, adj. deceived, etc. Mes esp4ran- 
zes mtt ete deques, my hopes have come to 

Decuirasser, v. a. to take off one's cui- 

Uecuire, da-kfilr, v. a. (see the table at 
ttire) to make (sweetriieats,) give. Dicidre, v. 
n. to give, or grow too moist. Se decuire, v. 
r. to give, or grow loo liquid. 

Decuple, da-A^fipi, s. m. tenibld 

Decuples, v. a. to increase tenfold. 

Decurie, da-Wi-rl, s. f. coiiiniittee of ten 
judges ; band of teu troopers (amongst the 

D^.cuRiON, da-(i:&-rlort, s. m. decurion. 

DicussATioN,s. f. decussation. 

DzDAiGNER, da-dS-gna, v. a. & n. to dis- 
dain, scorn on despise. 

Dedaigneusement, da-df-gn^z-men, 
adv. disdainfully, scornfully. 

Di»AiGNEU-x, SE, da-dS-gu^, gn6uz, 
ad), disdainftil, scornful, contemptuous. 

DIdain, da.-di7i, s. m. disdain, scorn, con- 

Dedale, dS.-d-Al, s. m. maze, labyrinth. 

J)inAMER, V. n. lo put a man out of place 
(at draughts.) 

Dedans, dl-d§n, adv. or orep. in, within. 
Metlre les voiles dedans, to furl the sails. Met- 
tre un chetal dedans, to manage a horse. An 
dedans, inward or inwardly. Par dedans, 
ihororig^ or througii. 

DEDANS,s.m. inside. Gamir par dedans, 
to line the inside. 

yioiCACE, da-dl-kas, s. f. dedication, ad- 
dress^(o/ a book.) consecration (of a church.) 

Dehicatoire, da-di-ka-twir,' adj. Epi- 
trf. aulir/ii/iire i<i<idicailot\, episllft dedicatoiy. 

DzDiER, dk-dl-k, V. a. to dedicate, conse« 
crate to holy use, or address a book. 

Dedire, da-tlir, v. a. (like dire) except in 
the 2d pers. plur. of the pres. ind. and impe- 
rat. rous d^aisez, dedisez, to disown. Se de- 
dire, v. r. to recant, retract, or unsay what 
one has said, not to be as good as one's word ; 
to forsake, go contrary to. line s'en jieui dd- 
dire, he cannot go back. 

DipiT, da-di, s. m. unsaying, forfeit {in a 
bargain.) Avoir son dit et son dedit, to sav 
and unsay. Faire un march^au dedit de mille 
dcus, to make a bargain, with this condition, 
that he who goes from it shall forfeit a thou- 
sajid crowns. 

Di:DOMMAG]E, e, adj. indemnified, save-J 

Dedommagemekt, da-d6-m^-m^,s. m. 
indemnifying or saving harmless, indemnity, 
recompense or amends for a loss, satisfaction 
or reparation. 

Dedommager, di-dft-mi-:l, v. a. to in- 
demnify, save hannless, give a recompense 
or make amends for a loss. 

D£roRER,d^-d6-r^,v. a.toungild. Chost 
qui se dedore, thing the gilding of which 
wears off. 

Deuorm I, E,adj. lukewarm (sairfq/"ipa/«-.) 

Deuoubler, di-dfio-bli, v. a. to unline, 
take off the lininn^, divide (a regimeiU.) 

Deduction, di-dflk-s?on, s. f. deduction, 
abatement, subtraction, recital, enumeration 
relation, account. 

Deduire, da-dfilr, v. a. (see the table at 
uire.) to deduct, abate, subtract ; to deduce, 
draw or gather ; to tell, relate. Deduire les 
raisons ifu'on a de /aire une clwse, to urge the 
reasons one has to do a thing. 

Deduit, E, adj. deducted, abated, etc. V. 

*Deduit, 8. m. sport, pastime, pleasure, 
comfort. Deduit de v^nene or de Jauconne- 
rie, train of hunters, falconers, dogs and 

Deesse, dk-h, s. f. goddess. 

Defacher, da-fi-sha, v. a. to pacify, ap- 
pease, make pleased again (used omy rejlett' 

I)EFAir,LA»rcE, da-fi-/i/JS, s. f. swoon or 
swooning, qualm, fainting fit ; weakness of 
nature, dissolution or death ; also b<'coming 
liquid by dampness, (in chymistry .) Tomber 
en defaVlance, lo fell into a swoon, s^voo^ or 
faint away. 

DirAiLLANT, E, 6k-(k-lhi, lint, s. m. & 
f. he or she that contemns the court, or thai 
<k)es not appear. 

D£faillir, da-fi-lir, v. n. (like faillir) 
(seldom used but in the plural present) to faiJ, 
decay, grow faint and weak, swoon or faint 
away ; also to be wanting or be scarce. 

D^FAiRE, d^-fir, V. a. (like faire) to un- 
do ; untie; to unravel or unweave ; to free or 
deliver, rid ; to defeat, rout, overthrow, beat : 
to puzzle, put out of countenance, confound or 
put into disorder ; to make away with, kill or 
destroy ; to obscure, eclipse (by superiority.) 

D4faire,v. &.UZ.T. difaire les tours d'unit 
manoeuvre, to take the turns out of a rope. 
I Defaire la croix des cables, to clear the hawsa 
I when there is a cross in it. D4faire I'amarrf. 
I des surjimtes des bashes t^rg2tes,U) uosling the 
■ lower yards 




b4r, bit, b^se : th^re, Sbb, ovgr : field, f?g : ribe, rflb, I6ril : m6od. gflod. 

8f d^Jcure ud, v. r. to sell or ma off; to rid 
or ease one's self of, to leave off; to dismiss ; 
to part with ; to make away with, despatch, 
murder. Se de/aire, to fall to pieces, {sai- 
mime) to make away with (one's self;) to be 
dismayed or puzzled, disconcerted, confound- 
ed. Sans se d^faire, unconcerned. 

Djefait, E, da-fS, fSt, adj. undone, etc. V. 
D^jV«!,lcan, ^vasted, grown thin, wan, pale. 
Dekaite, dR-{?t, s. f. defeat, overthrow, 
slaughter; shift, evasion, excuse, pretence, 
come off, subterfuge, sham ; sale, market, ut- 
terance. Une Hlk d'une belle dlfa/ite, a girl 
likely to go oflTvery well. 

Defalcation, s. f. defalcation. 
DiFALQUER, da-f<\l-X.-a, y. a. to defalcate, 
abate, deduct. 

Defaut, da-fA, s. m. defect, want or lack, 
default, flaw, vice, fault, imperfection ; non- 
apipearaiKe ic court, l,'. defaut des roteSfibe 
small of the back. Le de/aiU de la lime, the 
change of the moon. Le defaut de la atirasse, 
the exireiuity of the armour, a man's weak 
side. Les chietts sant en defaut, the do^s are 
at fault. MeUre en defmit, to baffle. An de- 
fcMt de, for want of, instead of. An defaut de 
}a force ilf out tmjAoyer la ruse, where strength 
is wanting, cunning must be used. 

Defaveur, d&-fa-v^r, s. f. disfavour, 
disgrace, discredit, fall. 

Df favorable, adj. unfavourable. 
D^favorablement, adv. unfavourably. 
Defecation, s.f. defecation, purification 
{bythe settling of the drecrs.) 

Defecti-f, ve, da-f&k-tif, tlv, adj. defec- 
DipECTioN, d^-fek-s!ow, s. f. defection. 
DiFECTUEU-x, sE, da-f^k-tfl-eA, euz, adj. 
defective, imperfect, faulty. 

Defectueusement, adv. imperfectly. 
DIfectuositI, da-f^k-tfl-d-zl-ta, s. (".de- 
fect, imperfection, fault. 
DIfendable, adj. defensible. 
Defendant, da-f<^-d^7i, Ex. Asoncorps 
defendant, in one's own defence. 

DiFENU-EUR, ERES3E, da-l&N-d^ur, drfs, 
s. m.^& f. defendant. 

Defendre, da-f^dr, v. a. to defend^ pro- 
tect, maintain or support, uphold or bear out ; 
to shelter, secure; to forbid or prohibit, to 
bar or keep from. Defendre le canot, Mar. 
to defend tne boat. Se defendre, v. r. to de- 
fend one's self, eic. Se difendre de, to de- 
cline, excuse one's self from, deny, keep one's 
self from, keep off, clear one's self from, for- 
bear, resist. Se defendre dn prix, to beat 
down the price, naggle about the price. 
Place qui peut se defend)-e, defensible place, 
place of defence. 

Defends, s. m. Ex. En defends, forbid- 
dsn, (said of wood not to be cut down or fields 
wnere cattle must not graze. | 

DEFENSE, da-fens, s. f. aefence ; protec- 
tion, countenance, prop, support; vindication, 
apology, Justification, prohibition ; resistance ; 
Defenses, reply, answer, plea ; fence, 
rtification ; tusks [of a boar.) Mar. skids 
or skeeds, fenders. 

Defenseur. d?i-f(^-«iur, s. m. defender, 
protector, assertor. 

D^FENsi-r ve, di-fin-sif, slv, adj. de- 
D£E£NSjy£, s. f defensive. Ex. Etre or se 


tenir sur la defensive, to act defensively or 
upon the defensive. 

Dekequer, da-fi-M,v. a. to defecate, t« 
refine or cleanse from dregs. 

Deferante, da-fa-r^», r^, adj. yield 
iug. condescending, complying. 

Deference, di-fa-r^/is, s. f. deference, 
respect, submissioa, regard, condescension, 

Deferent, adj. & s. m. deferent. 

DEFiRER, da-fi-rii, v. n. to yield, submit, 
(W give way, condescend, vjj.loinform against, 
accuse, impeach ; to decree, appoint or or- 
der; to tender or administer (aw oafh.) 

Deferler, da-f^r-la, v. a. Mar. to un- 
furl, loose, etc. Ci bdtiment a son jietit hnnier 
d^ferte, that sliip has got her fo^^^top-sail 
loose. La mer deferloit sur la cote arec bean- 
coup de violeiKe, the surf broke with great vi- 
olence upon the coast. 

Defermk.r, v. a. to unlock. 

Deferr^, adj. unshod, that has lost one 
or more of his shoes (speaking of a horse.) 

Deferrer, da-f^-ra, v. a. to unshoe (a 
Aorse ;) to nonplus, dash, confound. Se de- 
ferrer, v. r. to get unslNxl, come off («* thi 
tag of a lace,) be dashed or con*bunde«l. 

Defet, s. m. waste sheets of a book [with 

Defi, d^-f?, s. m. cbaHenge. Faire un 
defi, to challenge, bid defiance, defy. 

Defiance, da-fl-^ns, s. f. distrust, misr 
trust, diffidence, suspicion, jealousy. Entret 
en defiance, to be^n to mistrust. 

Defiant, e, da-fl-^7«, ^t, adj. diffident, 
mistrustful, suspicious, jealous. 

Deficit, s. m. deficience, deficiency. 

Defier, da-f^-ii, v. a. to challenge, defy, 
bid defiance to. Je voits defie de me dire,. J 
bet you cannot tell me. Se defier de, v. r. to 
mistrust, distrust, suspect. Defier, Mar. to 
bear off. Defie des embardees, don't yaw the 
ship so. De/re du r«nt, you are quite in the 
wind.- Dejie le comot de I'cmcre, bear the 
boat off from the anchor. 

D^FiGURER, da-f}-^-rS, v. a. to disfi- 
gure, deform or spoil. 

Defil^, da-fl-1^, s. m. defile, narrow lane 
w passage. V. D^ filer. 

Defiler, da-f?-la, v. a. & n. to unstring 
or take off from the string ; to file off [as sol- 

Defini, e, d^-fi-n?, nl, adj. defined, etc. 
(V. mUrnr) definite. 

Defini, s. m. thing defined. 

Definir, da-fi-nir, v. a. to define; (itn 
homme) give the definition or character of a 
man ; determine, appoint, decide. 

DEFiNiTEUR,da-fI-n!-t2ur, s. m. definitor, 
(counsellor or assistant of the general or pro- 
vincial of a religious order J 

Definiti-f, ve, da-fl-nf-tlf, tlv, adj. deft- 

- _ ._ _ ^ " •:" ■• , V. "•' 


nitive, peremptory. En d^fmtive. V. Defi" 

Definition, d^-ft-n!-slo«, s. f. definitioD^ 

D^finitivement, dii-f1-n!-tlv-m^, adv. 
definitively, peremptorily. 

Definitoire, da-f?-n?-twir, s. m. chap 
ter (of a religious order.) 

Deflagration, s. f. deflagration. 

Df flegmation, s. f. the talcing away of 
the aqueous part of a substance. 




hiae, bin : j^une, mJute, blurre : irefint, ciiU, lihti : viw ; mow ; brun. 

Deflegmer, v. a. to take off the aqueous 
part of a substance. 

Dekleurir, di-flSu-rir, v. n. to shed or 
Id fajl blossoms (said of trees.) 

Deflexiov, s. f. deflection, deflexure. 

Defloration, di-flS-ri-s?o«, s. f. deflo- 
ration or deflowering, ravishing. 

Di:FLoaER,d4-fl5-r^, v. a. to deflower, 

Defluxion, di-flfik-sfort, s. C defliixion. 

Defoncement, d^-Cons-min, s. m. stav- 
ing! a cask.) 

Uefosckr, da.-fo7i-s&., v. a. to stave, shove 
in or out, knock out the head or l»ottom. Vo- 
ire grani hunter est defonci, Mar. ^'our main 
top-sai! is split. 

De former, dit-rtr-mi, v. a. to put out of 
form, make lose its form (said of a. shoe or 

Deformite, V. Difformiti. 

Defourner, di-PSor-Dci, v. a. to take out 
of the oven. 

Defrai, s. m. defraying. 

Defrays, t, a(lj. defrayed. 

Defrayer, da-W-yi, v. a. to defray, bear 
tne charges of. // a defray^ toiite la com- 
pagnie, he has beea the fool or laughing stock 
of the company. 

Defrichement, da-frfsh-m^n, s. m. grub- 
oin^orclcaringup, preparing for cultivation. 

iJEFRKjHER, da-frf-sha, v. a. to grub up 
(an tintii/fd piece of ground,) to clear. 

DiFRiCHEUR, da-fri -sh^ur, s. m. that pre 
Dares waste land for cultivation. 

Df FRiSER, da-fri-za, v. a. to put (hair) 
out of curl. 

Defroncer, da-fron-sa, v. a. to undo the 
gathers ; lake out the plaits ; to smooth (the 

DiFRoqaE, s. f. goods or moveables, that 
an abbot, etc. leaves at his death. 

D^FROQL'l^, E, adj. stript of monkish garb : 
also that has renounced his order. 

D^FRU(iOER, dii-frft-Aa, v. a. to throw oft" 
the monkish garb ; strip or rob. 

Defuner, da-ffi-u^, v. a. Mar. to unrig. 

Defumt, e, di-fu», funt, a<lj. & s. deceas- 
ed, late. Le roi d-^fiint. La defmite reitie. 

DioAol:, E, da-^-ia, adj. disengaged, 
etc. V. Di^gager. Taille d4gag4e, free, easy 
shape. Chavibre degag^e, room with a pri- 
vate door to it. 

D^gagement, da-g^i-m?w, s. m. disen- 
gaging, freeing; secret communication, pri- 
vate door or staircase. E^re daruun entier dr- 
gagemetU de toiUes chaies, to be free upon all 
accounts, to have no tie upon one. Degai;;!:- 
mentde sa parole, recalling one's words. 

Degager, dk'g?i-z^, v. a. to disengage, 
fetch,get or take fltf; to relieve (a city;) to 
redeem (a pledge, i Cela se faisoit pour des^a- 
gerdaiia7Uas:e ta place en dedans, this was done 
to get more room within. Degager sa pirole, 
to call in one's word ; also to make one's 
word good, perform one's promise. Se dega- 
ger adroileiimit, lo wind one's self out. Mar. 
to clear, relieve, rescue. D^gasrer un jmlan, 
to clear away a tackle sail. Degager I'aturre, 
lo clear the anclwr. DtS<rager un bAtimejil, to 
relieve or rescue a ship trom the possession or 
attack or pursuit of an cnemv. 

P£ga!ne, da-^^n, s. f. Ex. D'unebdkdi- 
gattK. in an awkward manner. 

Degaiser, dii-iT^-ni, v. a. to unshealh. 

Decanter, di-^in-t^, v. a. to null off the 
gloves. Se degarder, v. r. to pull off one's 

Degarnir, da-g^r-n?r, v. a. to disgamish . 
to unfumish ; to take off the trimmings ; to 
drain or strip of soldiers or ammunition, leave 
unprovided. Degarnir, v. a. Mar. to unrig, 
unship, etc. Degarnir un vaisseau, to unrig 
a ship. Degarnir un batimenl de monde, to 
strip a vessel' of her hands. Degarnir les 
arirons, to unship the oars. Degarnir le ca- 
bestan, to unship thecapstern bars. Degarnir 
ks mats, to strip the masts. Se degarnir, v. r. 
to leave off one's warm clothing. 

DiGASCONNER, da-gjis-kd-na, to leach a 
Gascon to speak true French. 

D^GAT, da-gi, s. m. spoil, havock, deso- 
lation, pillage, pillaging or ransacking, waste. 
Faire le d4gal, to devastate. 

Degal'chir, da-g6-sh1r, v. a. to plane, le- 
vel, smooth from inequality, straighten. 

D^:g At;cHissEMENT,di-"^6-sh!s-mSrt, s. m. 
levelling, smoothing, straightening. 

Mkcv.h, di-;^l, s. m. thaw, thawing wea- 
ther. Ce raU cause le dJgel, this wind thaws., da^-la, v. a. to thaw. 

D^GEi.ER, V. n. Se d4geler, v. r. to thaw. 

D KG K v E R A T 1 o N , s . f. degeneration . 

DegenIrer, da-^a-na-ra, V. n. to dege- 
nerate, grow worse. DegMrer de ses anci- 
tres. Imi querelle degenera en guerre civile. 

DtciNGAND^, E, da-2in-ga7i-da, adj. out 
of order, as if dislocated (said of one's gait.) 

Deglukr, da-glS-a, v. a. lo unglue,take 
off the bird-lime. Se degluer,\. r. to get un- 
glued. Se degluer les yeux, to ungluo one'i 
eye-lids. Se degluer d'une m^chaiUe affaire, 
to got rid of a scurvy business. 

Deglutition, s. f. deglutition. 

*Degobiller, d^-g4-bi-/i, v. a. to bring 
or spew up, or vomit. 

'D^GOEiLLis, s. m. spewing, things spew- 

D^GoisER, da-gwi-s5i,v.a.& n. to chirp, 
blab, prattle. 

Degorgement, dK-ghrz-ffAn, s. m. over- 
flowing ; cleaasing out. 

DiooRGEoiR, s. m. engine to clear agun, 
priming-wire, a/w spilling line, (Mar.) 

Degorger, da-gAr-i^, v. a. to clear or 
cleanse a pipe ; to scour cloth. Faire d/gor- 
ger du poisson, lo purge, soak or water fish. 
Degorger la pompe, Mar. to clear the pump 
(when choked.) Degorger la lumiere d'un 
canon, to clear the vent of a gun. Se dSgor- 
ger, v. r, to overflow, to disgorge, empty, di*- 
charge, disembogue itself. 

Degoter, v. a. to drive one away from 
his emplo^-ment. 

D£GouRi)i,E,adj.&s. quickened, revived, 
whose numbness or stiffness is removed, sharp 
lad or girl. 

D£GouRniR,da-gSor-d?r,v. a. to quicken, 
revive, remove a stiffness or numbness. Di- 
gourdir le vin, to damask wine. Se d^gour- 
dir, V. r. to grow supple; (se deniaiser) t« 
learn wit, grow sharp. 

Degourdissement, di-gScr-d?s-m3n, s. 
m. quickening or reviving, removing of a 
stiffness or numbness (caused by cold, etc.) 

DicouT, da-g<^o, s. m. loathing of meat, 
satiety, bad stomach, surfeit ; disgust, (Kstaste. 




bir, bit, base : tli6re, ^bb, over : field, f !fj : rbhe, rdb, iSrd : in6od, gSod. 

drslike, aversion, weariness, loathsomeness ; 
bitter draug-rit, choke-pear. Cette xnande me 
donne du digotd, this meat goes against my 
stoniacii. La fih're me cause un grand de- 
goCd, my fever makes rne loathe meat. H y 
en a qui orU du dt^goui pour la soupe, tliere are 
some wiio nauseate soup. Concevoir dii di- 
gotd pour la vie, to be out of conceit with life, 
begin to be weary of life. 

Degoi;tant, k, da-gfto-t^n, t^nt, adj. 
loathsome, distasteful ; unpleasant. 

Dkgoot^, e, da-g6o-ta, adj. that loathes 
meat, that has a bad stomach, surfeited ; out 
of cjiiceit with, weary of or surfeited \«-ith. 

piGOUTi, s. m. squeamish fellow. Faire 
U iegiide, to be nice and squeamish. U?ibo7i 
digoutA, a person fond of mirlh or a good ta- 
ble, a person who has a good appetite. 

D^GOi/TER, di-gdo-ta, v. a. to take away 
the appetite, make to loathe; to put out of 
conceit, disgust. Se ddgoiUer ,v . r. tobeorgrow 
out of conceit, grow weary, begin to loathe. 

DEG0UTTANT,E,da-g6o-t^rt, adj. trick- 
ling, dropping. 

DicouTTER, da-g6o-ti, v. n. to drop, 
trickle or drop clown. 

Degradation, da-grl-di-s!ow, s. f. de- 
grading or degradation, waste ; distribution 
{of light and shade.) 

DEGRApi, E, adj. degraded, etc. bdtinmit 
degrade, Mar. vessel blown off a coast. Ces 
vents de terre forces end degradi les oiseaiix qui 
se reposeiU siir rios ngrh, these stiff land 
breezes have blow'u off the coast the birds 
which settle on our rigging. 

Degrader, di-gri-di, v. a. to degrade, 
clisqualify, incapacitate, waste ; (imemurailk,) 
to beat cfown from the foundation. (V. Di- 
gradj) to blend (colours) delicately. 

Degrafzr, da-gr^-/l, v. a. to unclasp. 

Di;GRAis, s. m. oil extracted from fish. 

Degraissage, or Degraissement, s. 
m. scouring {of doth.) 

Degraisser, di-grS-s^, v. a. to scour, im- 
Doverish, also to fleece ; to take away the fat 
Irom {soup.) La poudre dJgraisse les cheveux, 
powder cleans the hair, Terre a a^grarlsser^ 
fuller's earth. 

DiciRAissEUR, da-gr^-s?ur, s. m. scourer 
^jf cMh.) 

DicRAPiNER, d^-grli-p?-nS, v. a. Mar. to 
lift th*- grapple or small anchor. 

Diu RAT, Mar. Faire degrat, to quit a sta- 
tion on a fishing bank in search of a spot 
where fish are more abundant. 

L'EGRAVOiMENT, dk-grk-vwh-min, s. m. 
undermining of a wall by running water. 

Degravoyer, da-grS-vwi-ya, v. a. to 
mine or undermine or carry of!" the gravel 
from (a wall, as running water does.) 

Degre, d^-gril,s. m. degree, step, stair, 
staircase, dignity. 

Degreement, s. m. Mar. state of being 

Degr^er, d^-grS-^, V. a. Mar. to unrig, 
strip. Dp^r^er /Sperroij'w^*, to uubend the 
lop-gallant gear. Le gipJral a ses perroqmts 
d^grih, the admiral has his top-gallant yards 

Degringoler, dil-grin-g6-l?L, v. a. & n. 
to run down, tumble down. 

DiciJossAGE, s.m. wiredrawing, making 
small or fine. 

Degrosser, v. a. to wiredraw, makesmafl 
or fine. 

Decrossir, da-grS-sfr, v.a. tochipoffthe 
grosser parts (of marble, wood, etc.) clear up^ 

D^GUENiLLE, E, dag-n1-/&, adj. tattered, 
in rags. 

Deguerpir, da-^?r-p!r, v. a. &, n. to quit, 
yield up, give over, go away through fear 
Degna-pir une maismi. 

Deguerpissement, da-^r-p?s-mS«, .s. 
m. quitting, yielding up, giving over, 

Deguel'LER, d^-^^u-la, v. a. to cast or 
spew up, vomit. 

DEGUisEMENT,da-o-lz-m&i, s.m. disguise, 
pretence, colour, cloak. Avec d^guisemeiU, 
with a pretence only, dissemblingly, falsely. 
Sons deguisement, pfainly, openly, sincerely. 

Deguiser, da-^S-za, v. a. to disguise, put 
on a counterfeit habit, counterfeit or alter, 
cx)nceal, dissemble, cloak. Se deguiser, v. r. 
to disguise one's self. 

Degustation, s. f. degustation, tasting., da-ii-?a, v. a. to take ofl the tan 
or sun-bum. Se dihdier, v. r, to get off sun- 

Dehanche, e, di-^n-sha, adj. hipped, 
hip shot. 

Deharnachement, s. m. unharnessing. 

DEHARNACHER,da-ir-ni-sh?i, v. a. to un- 

Dehors, de-6r, adv. & prep, out, without, 
abroad, out of doors. En dehors, pw dehors, 
without. Mar. Mettre dehors, to put to sea. 
Nous avons toiUes nos voiles dehors, we have 
every sail set, M venle grand frais dehors, it 
blows very fresh in the offing, Le grand canot 
esl-il dehors ? is the barge out 1 

Dehors, s. m. outside. Les dehors d'uns 
plate, the outworks of a place. Les dehors, 
the outside appearance, show. Le deuil n'est 
qu'au defwr.9, the mourning is only outward. 

Deicide, dW-c!d, s. m, deicide. 

Deification, da-i-f]-ki-s?on, .s, f. deifi- 
cation, apotheosis. 

Deifier, da-?-f!-a, v. a. to deify, rank 
among the gods. 

Deisme, da-Ism, s. m. deism. 

Deiste, da-?st, s. m. deist, 

Di-iT^, da-?-tli, s. f. deitv, god, goddess. 

Deja, da-ci, adj. already, 

Dejauger, v, n. Mar, to sew, Ce bdti- 
ment a d^aug^ de quatre jrieds, that ship has 
sewed foiir feet, 

DEJECTION, da-rek-s?ow, s. f, excrements, 
stool ; depression (of a planet.) 

Dejeter, Se dejeler, sl-d^-i^-ta, v, r, to 
warp, jet out (as green wood work.) 

Dejeune or oijEUNER, d&-2^u-nl, s, in. 

Dejeuner, di-r^u-ni, v, n. to breakfast 
or to break one's fast. Dejeuner d'une bonne 
tranche de j'ambon, to eat a good slice of gam- 
mon for one's breakfast, 

DijoiNDRE, di-zwindr, v, a, (see the ta- i 
ble at oindre) to disjoin, part asunder. Se di'\ 
joindre, v. r. to disjoin, warp, not lie close. ' 

DEJOiNT,E,adj. disjointed, parted asunder. ' 

DijouER, V. n. Mar. to flutter about (as a ^ 

flag,) V. a. to cross one in his designs, ' 

schemes, etc. ' 

*D£juc, s m. time when birds come froi» ' 




buse, b&t : jiiine, m?ute, beurro : ^nfii«l, chu, Win : viw ; mon ; brun. 

DEJUCHKR,ila-ift-sha, v. n. to come i>ut 
of or down from ihe roosL, uiiroosi, come dow n; 
V. a. to drive from tlie roost, bring down. 

DEi-a or iJE La, d4-la. V. Li. 

Delabk^, e, adj. tattered, all to pieces^ 
etc. Ses affaires smUfori delabrees, his affairs 
are in a sad case. Repidaticm delabree, crack- 
ed reputation. Scaite delabree, battered con- 

Dii.ABREMENT, dMibr-m3«. s. m. the 
being in a tattered or ruined condition. 

Dei-abrer, da-la-br^, v. a. to taller, tear 
or pull to pieces, rend, ruin, impair. 

Delacek, da-li-s^, V. a. to unlace, da-1^, s. m. delay or put off, ad- 
journment. Bailler delai aux parties, to ad- 
journ the parties concerned. 

Delaisse, e, adj. left, forsaken, aban- 
doned, cast off. 

Delaissement, da-l?s-m^«, s. m. condi- 
tion of one forsaken or cast off, desertion or 
forsaking of an inheritance, also, Mar. instru- 
ment or act by which the loss of a ship is an- 
nounced by the master or ov/ner to an insu- 
rer, summoning him to pay the stipulated in- 

Delaisser, da-l?s-sa, v. a. to leave, for- 
sake, abandon, cast off or put away. 

Dei-assement, dH-lis-mS/j, s. m. ease, re- 

Delasser, da-l^-sii, v. a. to unweary, re- 
fresh, recreate, divert cr relax. Se delasser, 
V. r. to refresh or divert one's self 

Delateur, da-la-tSur, s. m. accuser, in- 
former, delator. 

Delation, d^-ll-sion, s. f. accusation, in- 
formation, delation. 

Delatter, da-li-tfi, v. a. to unlath. 

Delaya.vt, da-l?-y^«, s. m. diluter. 

DiLAYEMENT, da-l^y-m^n, s. m. act of 

Delayer, dil-l3-y^, v. a. lo temper or di- 
lute ; to beat (eggs.) 

DELECTABLE, dH-I^k-tabl, adj. delecta- 
ble, pleasant, delightful. 

Delectation, da-l^k-ta-s?on, s. f. de- 
lectation, delight or pleasure. 

Delecter, da-I§k-la, v. a. to delight, re- 
create, (ilease. Se delecter, to take delight in. 

DIlecIation, da-la-ga-sion, s. f. delega- 
tion, commission. 

DELfcATOiRE, da-la-gi-twir, adj. dcle- 

DELicui, E, d^-Ia-^^, adj. delegated, ap- 
pointed.^ Delegue, s. ni. delegate. 

DiLEGUER, di-l;i-o^, v. a. to delegate, 
appoint. On I'a delegue pour cela, he has a 
commission for that. 

DiLESTAGE, da-l^s-tii, s. m. Mar. unbal- 
lasting or discharging of ballast. 

DeLester, dS.-l^s-li, v. a. Mar. to unbal- 
last, gel the ballast out of 

Delesteur, da-l§s-t§ur, s. m. one that 
takes the ballast out of a ship. 

DELiTiRE, adj. deleterious, deletery, de- 
structive, deadly, poisonous. 

T)elib£rant, e, da-li-ba-rin, r^nt, adj. 
deliberating, unresolved. 

piLiBiRATi-F, VE, da-ll-b^-ri-tif, t?v, 
adj. deliberative. 

Delibkration, da-H-ba-ri-sloTi, s. f. de- 
liberation, debate, consideration, consulta- 
tion, resolution, resolve, determination. 

D ELI b ERE, E,d^-ll-ba-ra,adj. deliberated, 
etc.; bold, courageous, resolute. C'esi une 
chose deliberi. that is a thing resolved on. De 
propos delih4re, on purpose, purposeli^. 

Delibere, s. m. final determination. 

Deliberement, da.-15-ba-ra-mSre, adv. 
boldly, resolutely, deliberately. 

DtLiBERER, da-H-bi-rf.., v. a. & n. to de- 
liberate consider, or take into consideration, 
consult or debate, purpose, resolve or deter- 

Delicat, e, di\-l!-k?L, kit, adj. delicate, 
dainty, delicious; nice,dainty or curious; over- 
nice, squeamish; fine; neat; subtile, inge- 
nious ; weak, tender ; touchy ,exceptious ; scru- 
pulous or tender ; ticklish, dangerous. Delicat 
h nianier, that ought to be tenderly handled. 

Delicat, E, s. m. & f nice man, nice 

Delicatement, d3-H-k3.t-m?n. adv. deli- 
catel}', daintily, delicious! y, gently, softly, ten- 
derly, neatly, curiously, finely, ingeniously. 

Delicater, da-li-M-ta, v. a. lo cocker or 
make much of, pamper. Se delicaier, v. r. to 
make much of one's self._^ 

DELicATEssE,dil-l?-ka-t?s, s. f delicate- 
ness, delicacy, exfiuisiteuess,curiousness, fine- 
ness, neatness, niceness, subtilty, ingenuity, 
nicely ; weakness or tenderness ; damtiness, 
squeamishness ; delicateness, niceness, effe- 
minacy, tenderness, softness. Les delkatesses 
de la langiteAnglaise, the niceties or delicacies 
of the English tongue. 

DiLicES, d^-lfs, s. m. delight, pleasure. 
DMces, s. f pi. delight, pleasure. 

Delicieusement, di'l!-s!^uz-m?7J, adv. 
delicately, deliciously. 

Delicieu-x, se, di-H-s1^u, s?6uz, adj. de- 
licious, delightful, voluptuous, sensual, given 
to pleasure, loose. 

Di^LicoTER, (se) sl-da-l?-k5-li, v. r. to 
get off one's halter (as a horse does.) 

DELii, E, da-M, adj. fine, small, thin, 
slender ; acute, sharp, subtile, cunning ; un- 
tied, loosed. Avoir la langtte d^liec, to have 
one's tongue well hung, have a great faci- 
lity of expression. 

Delie, s. m. Ex. Le difie de la plume, the 
smnll^ strokes of a pen. 

DiCLiENNES, adj. f pi. feasts celebrated at 
Athens in honour of Apollo. 

Delier, da-ll-&, v. a. to untie, loosen or 
undo, to absolve; to release (from can. 

Delineation, da-H-ni-d-sToTi, s. f. deli- 
neation ; ichnography. 

Delinq,uant, te, da-liw-kin, k^Mt,s. & 
adj. delinquent, offender. 

DElinquer, da-Iin-k^, v. a. to offend, do 
amiss, do a fault, fail in one's duty. 

Dflire, di-llr, s. m. delirium, raving, be- 

DElit, da-ll, s. m. fault, offence, crime. 
Etre trom^4 or pris en Jlagrant d^lit, to be 
taken in the very act. 

Delivrance, da-l?-vr^3, s. f deliver- 
ance; delivery; delivering, release, setting 
free, riddance. 

Delivre, da-l!vr, s.«m. after burden or 
after birth, secundine. 

DiLivRER, da-l?-vra,v. a. to deliver, give 
or give up; to deliver or free, set free or at 
liberty, rid of, release. Delivrer une femme, 

1 70 



bar, h;it, biVse : iUhe, ^bb, over ; fed, fig : rAbe, rOb, lord : iii<Sofl, gftod. 

to deliver or put lo bed a woman vvilli child. 
Delirrer des bor<ligt:s, Mar. lo rip oft' planks. 

D£i.ivreur, &.\n. deliverer. 

DEi.oGi, E, adj. gone, marched off, re- 

Delogemf.nt, da-l5t-m?n, s. m. remov- 
ing or departure. 

Dialog KR, da-l6-jj^, v. n. to go away, de- 
camp or nwroh off, remove, remove one's 
house or lodging. 

DHos:er, v. a. lo put or turn out of his 
house or lodgings, d^slod^e. 

D^i.oYAi., d?i-lwft-yar, adj. disloyal, un- 
faithful,perfidious, treacherous, deceitful,false. 

Dei.oyai-emknt, A^-\v/K-yn\-mhi, adv. 
perfidiously, unfaithfulb", treacherously'. 

Dii.oYAUTE, da-lwS-y6-li, s. f. disloyal- 
ty, unfaithfulness, treachery, perfidiousness. 

Dei-uge, da-l&i, s. m. deluge, flood, in- 

Deluter, da-l5-tJ, v. a. to unlute. 

Demagogie, s. f. the ambition of domi- 
neering in a popular assembly. 

Demagogue, s. m. demagogue. 

Demaigrir, v. a. to thin or take off from 
the bulk (or size) of a piece of wood, of 
stones, etc. 

l)EMAiLLOTTER,d^-mi-/fl-t^,v, a. to un- 

Demain, dl-min, s. m. to-morrow. Ajrres 
demain, the day after to-morrow. Demain au 
soir, to-morrow evening. 

D£manch^, e, adj. having its handle or 
haft offor loosened, walking as if out of joint. 


Di^MANCHER, da-m^n-sha, v. a. tounhaft, 
loosen or lake off the haft or handle. 5>e de- 
manclier, v. r. to get loose at the handle, be 
m an unprosjierous way go wrong. 

DEMANT)E,de-m^nd, s. f suit, request, ask- 
ing, petition, question, demand, action at law. 
Demavde, !Mar. File h la demande du cable, 
give her the cable as she chooses to take it. 

Demander, d^-m^n-d^, v. a. to demand, 
ask, beg, desire or require, crave or request, 
sue for, inquire after. Qiie detnandez-roiis ? 
what would you have ? what do you want ? 
On demande cmnbien il y a de ribraliovs dans 
une demi-heure ? the question is how many vi ■ 
brations there are in half an hour? Le'hnti- 
ment demande du cable, the ship must ha\'e 
more cable. A'o/re corvette demande que sa 
mctture soil sur I'arrih-e, our sloop reouires 
her masts to hang aft. Demanda- h botre, to 
ask for drink. 

Demanueu-r, SE, d^-m^-d^iir, d^uz, s. 
m. &. f. dun, one importunate in his requests. 

Demanpe-ur, resse, (ih-mi;n-<i^ur, dr^s, 
S. m. & f. plaintiff. 

DEMANGEAisoN.da-tn^rt-si^-zow, s. f. itch- 
ing Or itch ; itch or itching desire. 

Diiw ANGER, dn-mi^n-xk, v. n. to itch, have 
a longing desire. Les mains liii detnangent, 
his hands iich, he longs lo be at it. 

DEMANTii.EMKNT, da-m^n-tJl-m?«, s. m. 
vlismantling, dismantled state. 

DemanVeler, da-m^7?t-la, v. a. to dis- 
mantle, pull down the walls of [a ciiy.), da-m^n-t?-bfl-l^, v. a. to 
Break, put out of order. 

Demarcatiov,s. f. limits, hounds. 

DiMARCHK, da-ni^rsh, s. f. gait, manner 
of going, "ilep, proceeding. Fnire les prrmi- 

' eres demarches, lo make the adv'aiices or first 
I steps. 

l)EMARiER,da-m?i-ri-^, V. a. to unmarry. 
Demarquer, v. a. to unmark. 
Demarrage, da-ma-r^v, s. m. Mar. un- 
I mooring. 

DEMARRER,da-m^-ra,v. a. & n. to move, 
' stir, remove. D'hiutrrer, Mar. to unmoor, 
! cast loose, etc. Nans arons demarre du port 
I ce matin, we came out of harbour this morn- 
I ing. Demarrer les canmis, lo cast loose the 
I guns._ Daiiarre les bosses, off slojjpers. 
; Dkmasqi'er, dti mas-H, v.yi. to unmask, 
take or pull the mask off. t^edenia.iqiu:r,\. r. 
to pujl off one's mask. 

Ukjmater, da-nti-ta, v. a. & n. Mar. Ex. 
Denulter nn iw'sseaii, to take out a ship's 
lower masts. Dctndier un navire a coups de 
canon, to shoot away a ship's masls, or to 
shoot a ship's masts by the board. Ce pre, 
mier conp de canon r<ms avoit demnte de rcitrz 
mdt d'artimon, that first shot had carried aw ay 
your mizen-mast. Demote le canot, strike the 
boat's masts. Le grain nous d^mata de mire 
grand mat df. Imne, we lost our main top-ma.ot 
in the squall. Ce batimeiil a M dem&le de 
son petit mat de hum, thai shi}) has lost her 
fore top-mast. Voilu un vaisseau demote de 
j tons ses mats, there is a ship compleielj' dis- 
■ masted. 

V)im%\.i., da-mWi\, s. m. quarrel, differ- 
ence, dispute, contest, debate. 

D^MEi-ER, da-m^-la, v. a. to disentangle, 
part, separate, discover, find out o/ perceiev, 
distinguish, discern, clear, unravel, disintri- 
cate, unfold ; quarrel, debate, contest, sniffle. 
Demeler un differend, to decide a diflerence 
Avoir qnelque chose h demeler arec qtielipi'un- 
to have something to do with one, to have a 
quarrel or controversy with him. Nous 
n'avons rien a demeler ensemble, we have 
nothing to scuffle for. Se demeler, v. r. to 
wind one's self out, get off or get clear. 

D^MEMBREMENT, da-mtV/br-m^w, s. m. 
dismembering, p-jlling to pieces, dividing, 
canding, thing dismembered or cantled. 

Demi;mbrer, da-m^w-bra, v. a. to dis, 
member or pull in pieces, divide, oantle or 
parcel out. 

DiEiwiNAGEMENT, da-m^-nar-ni^n, s. m. 
removing of furniture from one house to an- 

Dem1<;nager, d^-mli-n^-ia, V. a. & n. to 
remove {one^s furniture.) H en cohte de di- 
menager, removing ise.xpensive. Allans, d6- 
mJnasrei, come, pack off, go your ways. 

I)£mence, da-nj^ws, s. f. madness, folly. 
Etre en demence, to be mad or deranged, be 
out of one's senses or non compos mentis. 

DEMENER,(sE)sl-dam-na,v.r. lobe inac- 
tion, stir, toss, make a great bustle or struggle 

Dementi, da-m^n-tl, s. m. lie; balk, dia- 
appointment. Donner nn dementi h qnelqu^un 
lo give one the lie. /? ne rent pas en avoir It 
d'^menti, he will go through, whatever be the 
consequence of it. 

Db'mentir, da-m^w-t?r, v. a. (like meiitir.) 
to give the lie; also to \ye\\e or contradict; 
{sa naissance, son. caracth-e) to do things un- 
worthy of one's birth or character. Se di- 
mentir, v. r. to belie or contradict one's self; 
to degenerate ; not be like one's sell ; {said 
of buildings) to fail, rack or bunch out, and 




bihse, bfll : j^une, m^ute, b^urre : Mknt, chil, Vihi : vin ; mcyii : hnxn. 

be ready to Call. Uii homme qui ne se dement 
point, a mail who is always like himself, or 
always uiiiibrm. 

Di;.Mi;KiTi;,da-ma-rit, s. m. ill desert, de- 

DKniRiTER, da-m^-rf-la, v. n. to do a 
thing woriliy of punishment, deserve puuish- 
nieut, do amiss. 

D^.MESURE, E, dam-zS-ra, adj. unmea* 
siuablc. Iiug:e, excessive, exceeding great, 

Ui-MHsUKEiMENT, dam-2&-ri-m3n, adv. 
beyimd measure, excessively, immoderately. 
Di-METTKE, da-m^tr, v. a. (like meltre,) 
to turn or put out, dismiss, discard, remove ^ 
to put out o) joint. Sedemettre de, v. r. to re- 
sij;ii, surrender, abdicate or give over. Se di- 
nieltre le coiide. to put one's elbow out o( joint. 
DiMEU ELEMENT, da-mgubl-m^«, s. m. 

Demeubleu, da-m3u-bla, v. a. to unfur- 
nisli. lake down or away the furniture. 

Demeukant, e, dS-m§u-r^n, rirat, adj. 
dwelling--, living, abiding. 

*])E.nEURANT, s. m. rest, remainder, resi- 
due. "Ah demeuratit, adv. besides, as for the 

Demeuke, dS-in^ur, s.f dwelling or dwell- 
ing place, aLK)de, habitation, mansion house. 
Faire sa denieure en un lieu, to live or dwell in 
a place. Etre en denieure envers ses crean- 
ciers, to be in arrears with one's creditors. 
Mar. Metlre ses ancres a demeure, to stow the 
anchors for sea. V. Poste. 

DEMEURER,d^-m^u-ra,v.n. to dwell, live, 
lodge, abide ; to tarry, to be a long while be- 
hind ; to stay, stand, stop, not to go, hesitate, 
to remain, be left ; continue, rest, abide, en- 
dure, persist. Demeurons-en la or a cela, let's 
pilch upon that. Demeurons-en ZA,Iet us break 
off or stop there. Oli en eles-vous demeure ? 
where did you stop or leave off? S'U en Jut 
demeure-la, had he gone no fartiier or hacl he 
been contented with that. La victoire nous est 
de/neuri^e, we got the victory. La lie demeure 
aufond, the dregs stick at the bottom. LI y 
demeura dix mille homines sur la place, there 
were ten thousand men killed upon the spot. 
Boide qui demeure, shorl bowl,bowl that conies 
short. Demenrer long-temps h faire quelque 
chose, to be long doing a thing. Demenrer en 
arrii're or en reste, to be in arrears. J'ev de- 
meure i\ ce qui a eM stipule, I abide or I stand 
by what has been stipulated. Deinenrer sur 
lest'imac. to lie lieavv on the stomach. 

Demi, e. di-m?, ml, adj. half, drmi, semi. 
Ihjs adjective is indeclinable when plared 
before the noun, and then a hyphen marks the 
two words as a compound. U7ie demi-<ruinee 
half a guinea. Un demi-pied, half a foot.' 
JJenx demi-a^iin^es, two half guineas. De7tje \ 
emn^es el demie, two guineas and a half. | 
JJemi-dieu, demi-god. Les demi-dieux, the I 
demi-gods. Demi-castor, demi-caslor, half 
beaver. Demi-cercle, semi-circle. Demi- I 
OMilernne, demi-culverin. Une demi-lnne, a ' 
half moon. Demi-m^tal, mineral substance ' 
that has many properties of pure metals. ; 
Uemi-vwrt, half dead. Demi-savant, prag- | 
fliatical, smattered in any knowledge Demi- \\ 
.«<ft<»r,halfapini. Denv-ton, sewUonf,. Demi 

halves. Demi, Mar. Ex. Detni-bande, s. £ 
parliament, heel, boot-topping, boot hose lop 
ping (v. carene.) Une demi-cle, a half hitch. 
Deux demi-cUs, a clove hiich. Un demi-tour 
dans les c&bles, an elbow in the hawse. 
Demie, s. f. a half-an-hour. 
Di.Mis, E, da-m!, mlz, adj. turned or put 
out, removed ; out of joint. 

Demission, d^-m?-sion, s. f. resignation or 
resigning, la^'ing down of one's commission, 
Donner sa demission, to lay down one's com- 

DiMissioNNAiKE, s. m. he who has laid 
down his commission. 
DiMiTTE, s. f. dimity. 
Dfmoc RATE, s. m. dfcjr.ocrat. 
I Democratie, da-m6-krl-sl, s. f. demo- 
cracy^ popular government. 

Demockatique, da-md-krS-tIk, adj. de- 
mocratical, popular 

DEMocRATiquEMENT, adv. democratic- 

1)emoiselle, de-imvi-zSl, s. f. unmarried 
woman, young lady or gentlewoman ; lady's 
woman, dragon fly, rammer {(yTwi-uvs;) sort 
of wanning-pan., da-m6-l?r, v. a. to demolish, 
pull or cast or throw or take down (what is 
built.) Demolir un vaisseau, Mar. to break up 
a ship. 

Demolition, d^-md-lJ-s?i>n, s. f. demolish- 
ing, pulling or beating or throwing down. 
Demolitions, n\\m of a demolished building. 
Demon, dfi-mon, s. m. devil, evil spirit, 
devilish spirit ; genius, demon, spirit. Fairt 
le demon, to be inad^ tear, roar or bluster. 

Demoniaque, di-mS-niak, adj. & s. de- 
Demonooraphe, s. m. writer on demons. 
Demonomanie, s. f. demonologv ; also de- 
monolatry ; and demonocracy. 
Demonstrateur, s. m. demonstrator. 
DfcMONSTRATi-F, VE, da-mows-lriUif, tiv 
adj. demonstrative. 
I Demonstration, dli-mows-tri-.slow s. f. 
demonstration, clear proof. 
I Demonstrativement, d&-mo7js-tra-iIv- 
mhi, ad", demonstratively, demonstrably, 

Demonter, da-mo/j-ta, v. a. to unhorse 
or dismount ; to take to pieces (a machine :) to 
dash, puzzle or confound. Mar. (un canon) 
to dismount ; [le gouverntul) to unhang , [la 
barre dn ffouvemail\ to unship; (un cajntaine) 
to supersede. Sf denumler, v. r. to be taken 
to pieces ; be dashed or confounded, etc. 

Demontrable, da-mort-trabl, adj. de- 

Demontrer, da-mon-tnl, v. a. to demon- 
strate, prove evidently or unanswerably ; also 
to describe. 

Df mordre, di-mftrdr, v. n. (like mordre) 
to let go one's hold (said of dogs ;) to swerve, 
depart, desist ; to abate. 

DEMouvoiR,d^-m5o-vwir, v.a. likcTTMm- 
tw'r, (but used only in the infmilive, and in 
the participle demu) to take off, make one 
desist. Se demouvoir, v. r. to desist. 

Deaiuni R, da-mfl-nir, v. a. to drain a place 
of ammunition. 

DEMjJUER,da-mfl-ri, V. a.j/rw porle or nni 

vent, side wind. A rfmi' half "almo^" "h "J l^^'''''''^ "^^ • ''^'''^ T'"'*'' '" ""'.V"' "'" "P^" » 
aemi, nail, aunost, by || jioor or window that was walled up. 




bJu-, bh, base ; tli^re, ibb, ovjr : field, flg^: rAbe, rftb, Iflrd : ni6od, gAo«l. 

DfNAiRK, adj. relating to the number ten. 

DiNANTiR, V. a. to give up securities. 

DiNATTKR, d&-nlL-tl^, V. a. to unmal, un- 

DInatukaliser, v. a. to denaturnlizc. 

DiNATUR^, E, d\-ni-tft-i-&, adj. unnatu- 
ral, cniel, inhuman, barliarous. 

Denatukkr, diV-ni-lft-ril, son bien, v. a. 
to ct)nvert one's estate into effects that may 
be disposed of according to one's own liking ; 
also, to change or alter lirwrfA- or facts.) 

Denuritk, s. f. dendrite, stone with llie 
accidental representation of trv<;es on it. 

Df NEOATiON, di-ni-gi-siow, s. f. denial. 

DiNi, d\-ni, s. m. denial, refusal, denying 
or refusing. 

DiNiAisi, E, adj. that has learned wit. 
Un demaisi, a cunning or sharp fellow. 

DiNiAiSEMKNT, d&-nl^z-m^;i, s. m. sharp- 
er's trick. 

D^NiAisER, d&-n1^z&, V. a. to teach wit, 
to cheat, trick. Se dimaiser, v. r. to learn wit, 
grow cunning. 

DiNicHER,dil-n!-shft,v.a. touuuestle,put 
out of the nest ; dislodge, thrust or turn out, 
break up (<i tust of inhbers.) D^idur, v. n. 
towiihdixiw suddttiily from a place. 

D^NicHKUR, d&-ul-sh^ur, s. m. one that 
goes birtl's nesting. Vn lUnichettr de fiut- 
veltes, a man very eager in the pursuit of any 
thing that can gratify his desires. 

DiNiEK, di-nl-&, V. a. to deny, disallow, 

D£N'iER,d^-n1-il, s. m. denier (brass coin 
worth the twelfth pan of a French sou;) 
weight of two grains ; penny, money, sum of 
money. Denier d'octrot, loll or passage pen- 
ny. Denier de fin or de loi, standard of the 
Oneness of silver. Deiiier de jxiiiis or de mair, 
a pennyweight. IVmVri^rfirti, earnest penny. 
Lesdeniers du roi, the kin^f's treasure, llie 
exchequer. J^s deniers piiNics, the publick 
treasure. Prater de Pargent au denier fi»^, 
to lend money at five per cent Dettier Saint 
Fienr, Peter's pence. 

DiNMGREMENT, dd-nTgr-m^rt, s. m. asper- 
sion, reviling, slander. 

D£n iG REK, dtL-n1-gr&, v. a. to slander, rail 
at, blacken, expose. 

D£nu.vbrement, di-Donbr-m?n^ s. m. 
list, roll or catak^e ; also enumeration, cen- 
sus. DenomhremetU defkf, a survey of land. 
Faire le denomhnmumt, to mimber. 

DiNUJiBRER, V. a. to number, take a cen- 

Di^'OM^^fATECR, d&-n5-mi-n\-tJur. s. m. 

DisoMiNATi-F, VE, di-ni-ml-iii-tlf, tlv, 
Sflj. denominative. 

Di»OMiNATioN, d&-nd-m!-n&-sIon, s. f. 

DiMOMMER,d!l-nS-miV,v. a. to name, men- 
tion by name, set down one's name. 

DiwoNCER, di-non-sX, v. a. to deiKHince, 
signify, declare, publish (i;prt)claiin, impeach, 
diarge, accuse or inform against. 

DInosciateur, di-non-sii-t^ur, s. m. in- 
former, accuser. 

UisoNciATioN, d^-non-slil-slon, s. f. de- 
nunciation, declaration, proclamation, iufor- 
mation, accusation 

to point out, de- 

DiNOTER, di\-ii5-t4, ' 
scribe, denote, indicate. 

DENOUEMENT, dJl-iiAo-m^, s. m. deve- 
lopement.unravellingoc discovery of the plot, 
unravelling or issue of an affair or intrigue. 

DiNofKR, di-nflo-iV. V. a. to undoo/- untie 
aknot, make supple or pliant, remove the stiff 
nessof ; discover, develofw, unravel or resolve. 
S< deniyiwr, v. r. to untie, discover itself, uiira 
vcl, grow supple or limber, lose its stiffness. 

DknrEe, d^n-ri, s. f. ware, commodity, 

Dense, d^ns, adj. tliick, compact, close, 

DENSixi, d^n-s!-ti, s. f. density, thickness. 

Dent, din, s. f. tooth ; notch ;"gap. Deii/s 
miicheii^res, cheek-teeth, grinders. Dents ca- 
nines, dents ft'iV/t'jfs, eye-teeth, fangs. Dent 
de chien (ptant) the dog's tooth. Dent de lion, 
dandelion. Ijes detits hii tombent, he sheds 
his teeth. Dechirer <> belles dents, to tear to 
pieces. Chacim liti donne ttn coup de dent, 
every one has a fli ng at him. Aixtir les dentj 
bien tongues, to be very sharp set or hungrj", 
also to be poor ami iieeily, want bread, starve. 
Parler des grosses dents ti qiielqu'mt, to talk 
big to one. Aroir ttne dent le lait contre qtiel- 
qu iwi, to have an old grudge against one. 
Etrt sttr les dents, to be tired out. Mettrequel- 
qii'im sur les dents, to exhaust one. Avoir la 
mort etttit les dents, to have one foot already 
in the grave. Prendre le mort aiLr dents, to 
tuni libertine, to cast off all restraint. 

Dentaike, 9. f. sort of plant the root of 
which is jagged. 

Dental, E, d^w-tal, adj. dental. 

DentE, e, d^n-t&, adj. dented, notched, 
jagged, toothed. 

DENTiE, s. f. (in hunting) bite. 

Dentelaire, s. f. plant (lIuU relieres the 

DentelA, e, adj. indented, jagged, notch- 
ed, dented., d^l-lil, V. a. to dent or in- 
dent, jag or notch. 

Dentelle, d^w-t?l. s. f. lace. 

Dentelu RE, d^Mt-k'lr, s. f. denting, notch- 
ing, jagging, dcnticulaiion. 

DENVicuLESjd^n-tl-ArAl, s. f. pi. dentclli, 

Dentier, dt''»»-tiii, s. m. set of teeth. 

Dentierice, d^-ll-fris, s. m. dentifrice, 

Dentiste, den-t1sl,s. m. dentist. 

Dentition, s. f. dentition. 

Denture, d^n-tur, s. f. set of teeth. 

DiNUDATiON, s. f. denudation. 

DiNui, E, adj. destitute, naked, stripped. 

DiM\M£NT, d&-ni!i-min, s. m. depriva* 

D£nuer, di-nA-i, v. a. to bereave or strip, 
leave destitute or unprovided. 

DipAQUETER,di\-pik-tit.v.a. tounpack, 
open or undo a bundle. Depaiputer tuie voile, 
Mar. to unfurl a sail. 

DiPARKiLLER, dii-pi\-rS-A, V. a. to un- 
match. Chti'rage de]\xreille , a set (of books) 
I made up from various eilitions. 

D^PARER, da-pi-ril, v. a. to undecorate; 
. to disfi"^ire, tjike a%\ ay the beauty, make ug- 

, I ly {said o/tmbecoming dress, etc.) 

D-iisoTATioN, di\-nfi-fll-slort, s. f. Menota- !■ D^parier, da-p3i-rl-!i. v. a. to unuiatcli; 
don, denoting. '• unpair. 


biise, bftl : j^une, mSuU-, bSurre : hi&ni, c^wt, li^w . 


vm ; moil 



D£pARLER, (1^-pir-li, V. a. only used ne- 
gali vely . 11 iie deparle pas, he does not cease 

Depart, d?i-pir, s. m. departure, going 
away, parting. Eau de d^art, liquitl used in 
partuig meials. Prendre son yohit de depart, 
Mar. to take one's departure. A'b/re depart 
fut retarde jmr un accident imprh-u, Mar. our 
sailings asdelayed by anunforeseen accident. 

Departagkr, da-p4r-ti-i&, v. a. to give 
the casting vote. 

Depaktement, d&-p5rt-m6», s. m. quar- 
ters, district, jurisdiction, office, department, 
repartition, assessment. 

Departie, s. f. departure, going away. 

Departir, di-pir-tir, v. a. (like nar^fr) to 
give, divide, distribute, share. JJt'partir un 
prods, to refer a cause to another court for 
judgment (the opinions in the first being di- 
vided.) S^ departir de, v. r. to desist, leave 
off, go from or give over. 

Depasser, dSi-pi-sii, v. a. to pull out (the 
string of a gown, etc.) Mar. Depasser uw 
manoeuvre, to unreeve a rope. Depasser un 
m&i de hune or de perroquet, to get a top-mast 
or a top-gallant-mast down upon the deck. 
Depasser les tours de-i c&hles, to clear hawse. 
JMpasser k lounievire, to take the messenger 
of the capstan. Depasser un hAliment,une He, 
etc. to run past, shoot ahead of a shin, an is- 
land, etc. V^asser une latitude,io sail beyond 
a certain latitude. 

Depavkr, d^-pil-v&, v. a. to unpave. 

Depavser, dA-p^-l-zJ, V. a. to bring, car- 
ry or send one into another country, to put 
one upon a matter with which he is not well 
acquainted or for which he is not prepared ; 
also to put one upon a wrong sc^nt. 

D^PKCEMENT, di-p^s-m2n, s. m. cutting 
in pieces, cutting up. 

DfPECER, d^p-si, V. a. to cut or tear in 

Eieces, cut up. Dipecer un navire, Mar. to 
reak up a ship. 
Depeceur, s. m. one who buys old boats 
to break them up. 

DEPfecHE, dft-p^sh, s. f. despatch, letter. 
C'est une belle dcpiche ! a good or hai)py rid- 
dance this. 

DepKchkr, diV-p^-sh^, v. a. to despatch, 
hasten or speed, expedite, send away in haste ; 
to despatch or kill. Se depicher, v. r. to des- 
patch, make haste. 

D^PEiNDRE, da-pindr, v. a. (see the table 
at peindre,) to describe, represent, express or 
set out in words. 

D^PENAiLLE. E, d^p-ni-ZSi, adj. ragged, 
covered with rags. 

DEPENAii,i.EMENT,adv. Condition of one 
covered with rags. 

DfPENPAMMENT, dJ-p^n-da-mSw, adv. 
dependently, with dependence. 

DfpENDANCE, da-p^n-d^ws, s. f. depen- 
dence or dependency, appendix. 

Dependant, e, dJ-p^7?-d^, d^nt, adj. 
held of another, depending, dependent. Etre 
d^endavt de quelqu'un, to be another man's, 
depend upon one. 11 vous faut arrirer en 
d^endant sur votre prise. Mar. you must edge 
down to your prize. 

Dependre, de, dS-p^7fdr, v. n. to depend j 
on, nroceed from ; follow, result from ; to de- 
pena upon, be under, be subject to 5 to be held 

from or depend on. By a des bhi^fces qui 
dependent du roi, there are some livings in the 
king's gift. Cela depend de nioi, that Ties with 
mef Dependre was formerly used for Di- 


Dependre, v. a. to take down, unhang. 
DiPENDU, E, adj. taken down, unhung. 
DfpENS, di-pi»i, s. m. expense, cost, 
charge. Se/aire sage aux depens d'autrui, to 
grow wise by other men's follies. Seiiistifier 
MIX depens d'autrui, to clear one's self at the 
peril of others. S'etti-ichir au dejxns de son 
honueur, to grow rich by the loss of one's ho- 

DIpense, di-p^s, s. f. laying out, spend- 
ing,expense,chargeordisbursement ; buttery 
or pantry. D^]^nse sourde, hidden or secret 
or private expense. Faire la depeiue, to be the 
steward or caterer. Faire de la dejiense, faire 
une belle or une grosse depense, to spend nigh, 
spend or live nol>ly. 

DfpENSER, di-p^-sa, V. a. to spend, lay 
out, consume. 

Depensier, e, dSi-pin-sia, sl^r, adj. & s. 
m. & f. caterer in a monastery or nunnery; 
great splendour or extravagance. 

l)EPERUiTioN,di-p4r-d}-sion, s. f. deper- 
dition, loss. 

Dep^rir, dSi-p\-r1r, v. n. to decay, fall to 
decay, weaken, fall to ruin. 

DfepiRissEMENT, dii-p3i-r]s-m?rt, 8. m. de- 
cay or falling to decay, ruin, waste. 

DicpiTRER, di-pi-tri, V. a. to disengage, 
get off or out. Se depitrer, v. r. to rid one's 
sel f. La jiauvrete est si gluante qu'on a peint 
h s'en depetrer, poverty does so slick by one 
that it is hard to shake it off. 

Depeupi.ement, di-pSupl-m^, s. m. de- 
population, depopulating, unpeopling. 

D ^p EU p I. ER ,di-p^u-pl^, depopulate, 
unpeople or dispeople; (a fish-pond) to draw ; 
[apizeonhome) tounstock. D^peuplerimpaya 
de sribier, to destroy the game of a country. 
DiipHi.EGMATioN, s.T. dephlcgmatioD. 
D^PHf-EOiai, E, adj. dephlegniated. 
Depi£cer, v. a. to cut in pieces. 
D£pilati-f, ve, di-pl-l3i-tlf, tlv, a<y. de- 
DEPii.ATiON,di-nl-li-slo7i, s. f. depilation. 
DipiLAToiRE, d?l-pM3i-twi.r, s. m. depi- 

D"ipir.ER, d^-p?-l^, V. a. to take away the 
hair. Se depiler, v. r. to make one's hair come 

D^piauER, da-p?-AA, V. a. to allay or soft- 
en or drown the grief of. 
Depister, v. a. to find or trace out. 
D^pit, di-pl,s. m. pet, vexation, spile, in- 
dignation, passion, anger. Avoir du depit, to 
be vexed or angry, be in a pel. Dmmer du 
depit or /aire depit h ouehpi'un, to spite or vex 
one. Je neux bien miblier tous Us depits qu'dU 
m'a fails, I am willing to forget all the iU 
usage I have received at her hands. Crmer 
de d/ipit, to be ready to burst with vexation. 
En dJpit de, in spile of, in despite of. 

Depit^, e, adj. in spite or despite, vexed, 
angrv, fretting. 

DIpiter, da-pi-tti, v. a. to fret, vex, an- 
ger or provoke. Se d^viter, v. r. to fret, be 
vexed, be angry or fretful. 

DipiTEU-x,sE, adj. pettish, fretful, easily 
provoked or angry. 




b>\r, bni, base : there, Sbb, ovir : field, fig : r<!)be, rSb, I6rd : m6od, gSod. 

DfpLAci, E, adj. displaced, misplaced, 
ill-placed, mistimed, preposterous. 

Dei'lacement, <ii-plis-m&«, s. m. dis- 

D^PLACERj da-pla-si, v. a. to displace, 
put out of his or its place, remove, mis- 
place, place improperly, take ihe place of. 

Dehlaire, da-pl^r, v. ii. (like plaire) to 
displease, be unacceptable or disagreeable ; 
to displease or discontent, vex or trouble. Ne 
rvus d^pliase or ne rous en deplau-e, hy your 
,eave, by your favour, imder favour. Laprin- 
ripale chose qui iiiedfiplail en elle^ c'est sajitrte, 
the chief thing that I dislike in her is her 
pride. Se deplaire, v. r to be displeased with 
one's self, be displeased with, be tired with 
or wear}' of. 

*I)£PLAISAKCE, s. f. aversion, dislike. 

DtPi.AiSANT, E, dit-pl^-z^n, zini, adj. 
unpleasant, unacceptable, disagreeable, trou- 

DtPi.AisiR, da pl^-s?r, s. m. displeasure, 
affront, ill turn ; discontent, vexation, trouble, 
grief, sorrow, affliction. Sai ressenti un tres- 
sensible d>^ilaisir de sa mart, I have been ex- 
tremely troubled or grieved at his death. J'e»j 
ai un grand d'^pktisrr, I am very sorry or very 
much troubled tor it. 

Deplantkr, da-pl^n-ta, v. a. to displant, 
remove a plant. Mar. to start the anchor. 

DEPLANTOiR.da-pl^^j-twir, s. m. inslru- 
•nent used in d'splanting.^ 

DEPLATRER,da.-pla-tra,v. a. to unplaster. 

Dipi.iER,da-pll-a, unfold or open. 

Deplisser, da-pl?-sa, unplait, un- 
do the plaits of. Se deplisser, v. r. to unplait, 
come out of the plaits or gathers. _ 

Deplorable, di-pl5-ribl, adj. deplora- 
ble, lamental>le, pitiful. 

deplorably-, niiserably. 

bhPLORE, E, adj. deplored, lamented, be- 
wailed, pitied. Malatlie deploree, desperate 
illness. Affaire d^ploree, a gone case. 

Deplorer, da-plA-ra,v. a. to deplore, la- 
ment, bewail or pity. 

Deploye, e, atlj. open, displayed. Rirea 
Sora:e dpplov/e, to laugh out, break out into 
laughter. Nmis sor'^iiies tambour battant, en- 
seigves dfployi^es, we came out drums beat- 
ing, colours flying. 

I)tPLovEMKN"r,s.m.theactof displa3'ing. 

Deployer, da-plwa-y^, v. a. to display, 
set forth .muster. Elie a deploy 4 tons sischarmes, 
she has displayed or mustered all her charms. 
D^ployer une voile. Mar. to loosen a sail. 
D'^p.oyer les loi/es, Mar. to set the sails. 

Deplumkr, da-plft-ma, v, a. to strip of its 
feathers, strip or fleece or bubble. <Se deptu- 
mer, v. r. to lose one's feathers. 

D^ipoLiR, da-pft-l?r, v. a. to unpolish, take 
off the polish. Se Depolir, v. r. to grow un- 

DEPONENT, d&-p6-n^n, adj. deponent, 
(said of verbs.) 

D£popuLATio»,dSi-p4-pA-li-s!on,s. f. de- 

Deport, s.m. first year's revenue of a 
living, (due to tiie lord-paramount after a va- 
cancy'.) Somvifi payable sans deport, sum pay- 
able without delay. 

D^PimTATKiN, da-pir-ta-s!on, s. f. trans- 
portation, banishnicjit, t-xile 

Deportement, da-pflrt-m^7j, s. m. de- 
portment, carriage, behaviour, demeanour. 

Deporter, v. a. to transport, banish. Se 
dejyorter, v. r. to leave oft', cease or forbear, 
give over, desist, recede. ;Se di^porter de ses 
pretentions, to withdraw one's claim. 

DfposANT, e, adj. deposing. 

Deposant, da-p6-z^n, s. m. deponent. 

Deposer, da-pd-za, v. a. to depose, re- 
move, turn or put out of one's place ; (sa conn- 
mission) to lay down ; resign ; to deposit ; to 
depose, swear to as a witness. 

Depositaire, da-pd-zi-t^r, s. m. & f. de- 
positary, or trustee. Le depositaire des se- 
crets de qvelqn'un, one's confidant. 

Deposition, da-p6-zi-s?on,s.f deposition, 
evidence ; deposing, degrading, degradaiion. 

DEP0SSE0ER,da-p6-si-da, v. a. to dispos- 
sess or deprive, turn or put out of possession. 

D^possEssiON, da-pO-s^-s]on, s. f. dispos- 

a post, dislodge. 

-pds-t?i, V. a. to force from 

DepAt, da-p6, s.m. deposit, trust, charge; 
chest; settlings, sediment, collection of hu- 
mours. Mettre en depot, to deposit, commit to 
one's keeping in trust, trust with. Mis en d4- 
pt)t, deposited. 

Depoter, v. a. (in gardening) io takeont 
of a pot. 

DiPouDRFR, da-pSo-dr5, v. a. to take the 
powder out of (hair.) 

Depouille, da-p6o/, s. f. old clothes, cast 
off clothes ; crop; booty, spoil: (of a wild 
beast) skin ; (of a serpent) slough, cast skin. 
La depouille mnrtelle de I'homme, the dead car- 
cass. Avoir la dejwuille de quelqu'un, to suc- 
ceed one. 

Depol'ILLEMENt, dJ-pSoZ-m^n, s. m. de- 
privation ; stripping one's self of any thing, 
self denial. 

DEPOUiLLER,da-p6o-/a,v. a. to strip, strip 
naked, put or pull off; peal off, take otT the 
rind or skin or cover, etc. (a hare) to uncase ; 
to strip, spoil, rob, bereave, deprive, dispos- 
sess ; to pull off', cast ofl', leave off"; to gather. 
& depouiller, v. r. to pull off one's clothes, to 
strip one's self uaked ; (of serpents) to cast 
off the slough or skin. Se depouiller de, to 
cast off. 

Depourvoir, d^-pior-vwir, v. a. (like 
poun-oir, but only usea in the infin. and par- 
ticiple dejwunni) to unfurnish, leave unpro- 
vided or destitute. 

Depourvu.e, adj. unprovided, unfurnish- 
ed, destitute. On homme depourvu de sen*, a 
man senseless orout of his wits. Au depour- 
111, adv. unawares, unprovided ; napping. 

Depravatios, da-prli-v^-slo7i, s. f. de- 
pravation, corruption. 

DEPRAvi, E, adj. depraved, etc. Avoir le 
gofu di^prav^jXo have one's "mouth out of taste. 

DEPRAVER, d^-prii-vil, V. a. to deprave, 
corrupt, spoil, vitiate or mar. 

DipRicATi-F, VE, d3i-pr?i-kS.-tif, tlv, adj. 

Deprecation, d?i-pr?i-ki-sion, s. f. de- 

Depkecier, v. a. to under^•alue. 

DEPKioATEUR, s. m. depredator or rob- 

Depredation, d?t-prl-di-sJon,s. f.depre- 
I dation, robbery. 




biiso, bat : jeune, m^utc, beurre ^tfint, chit, Vihi : vm ; mon : nrun. 

Deprkder, di-pra-da, v. a. to depredate. 

DtPRENDRE, da-pri7/dr, v. a. (like pren- 
d»v) to loose, part. Se deprendre, v. r. to get 

Depreoccupe, e, adj. unprejudiced, free 
from prepossesision. 

DtPRtssER, V. a. to take out of the press 
{in hook-ltindmg.) 

I)kpkks = ion, d^-prd-sfon, s. f. depression. 
Depression de ['horizon, Mar. dip of the hori- 

Deprevenir,v. a. to unfjrepossess. 

DtPRi, s. m. abatenientof the lines of ali- 

Di^PRiER, da-prl-ji, v a. to disinvite. 

DtPKiAiER. d?i-pri-ni^ v. a. to depress, 
debase,vilify,de.spise,umlervalue or disparage. 

DiLpiiis. E, adj. loose, etc. 

DiPRisER, di-prl-z^ v. a. to undervalue, 
dispar«ge, despise or vUify. 

UipvcRLKK, V. a. to deflower. 

D^PUCELi.EMENT, s. ni. defloration. 

Dkpuis, d^-pft?, prep, since, from, after. 
See A, Ohsen}. VII. Depuls qnand! how 
lonff ? how long since ? Dejriiis pen, newly, 
not lonjfsince, a little while since or ago. l)e- 
jmis dfiix ans, these two years. Deptdslmiu;- 
Uwps. this gi eat while. Depuis que, from the 
time (hat, since. Depttis cinq lieuresjtcsiiu'a 
six, from five to six o'clock. 

Depuis, adv. since, since that or since tliat 

DlEPURATi-F,vE,adj.fil to purify tlie blood. 


Depuratoire, da-pft-ri-twar, adj.depu- 

DtPURER, d^-nfl-Hl, V. a. to depurate. 

Deputation, aa-pS-ti-s?ow,s.f deputation. 

Depute, e, adj. deputed, sent. 

DeputI, (ta-pfl-ti, s. m. deputy, delegate. 

Drputer, d?i-p&-t§i, V. a. to depute, send 
or delegate. 

Deracinement, d§L-rS.-s?n-m^, s. m. 
rooting up. 

Deraciker, d5-ri-sl-n?i, v. a. to root up 
or pluck up by the root, root out or extirpate, 

Deradf.R, v. n. Mar. to part, drive to sea 
from an anchorage. Sir bcdiments furent de- 
Tvdfs hier des annes, six vessels were driven 
to sea yesterday from the downs. 

D era I SON, da-r?-zon, s. f unreasonable- 
ness, bad reason, nonsense ; opposition to rea- 

D^raisonnabt.e, d^-r?-z6-nibl, adj. un- 
reasonable, void of reason, unjust. 

D£raisonn A ELEMENT, da-r^-z3-n^bl- 
mSn, adv. unreasonably. 

D^RAisoNNER, d^-r^-zd-n^, V. n. to talk 

D£RAr.iNGUER,v. a. (une voile) Mar. to 
carry away the bolt rope of (a sail.) 

DiRANci, E, adj. disorderedj disappoint- 
ed, iMit out of order, confounded, in confusion, 
disorderly. • 

Derangement, da-rfnj-mSn, s. m. disor- 
der, confusion, disappointment. 

D^rasgek, d&-rJn-t&, v. a. to disorder, 
put out of order or place, put in confusion, con- 
found, embroil or perplex, disappoint. Sfe de- 
rarijrer, . r. to live a disorderly life, take to 
bad coun:es. 

D^BApTiR, V. n. Mar. to trip the anchor, 

loosen the anchor from the ground. Vmvrt 
est derap4e, the anchor is a-lnp. Faire dera^ier 
I'cmcre, to trip the anchor. 

Derate, e, da-ra-i^, adj. cunning, fharp. 
Undei-ate, s. ro. a cunning or sharp blade, an 
arch wag. 

Deraver, (se) v. r. Ex. U7te roue qui ae 
dcrmje, a wheel with loose spokes. 

*Derechek, dlr-shef, adv. again, once, 
more, over again, anew. 

DEREGi.i, E, adj. disordered, disorderly, 
immoderate, unruly. 

Deregi.ement, da-rag!-m^n, s. m. ir- 
regularity, disorder, confusion, depravation 
(of manners.) Le dere^Utnent de la laitgjte, 
the licentiousness or misgo\ ernmeut of the 

DFREGLEMENT,adv. immoderately, with- 
out measure or inotleration, unruly, disorder- 
I ly, loosely, dissolutely. 
j, di-ri'i-gla, v. a. to disorder, o^ 
put out of order. Se deregler, v. r. to get out 
i of order, grow lewd, follow ill courses, begin 
to lead a disorderly life. Son pouls s'est (M' 
! regie, his pulse is out of order. 

Deriuer, dl-rl-da, v. r. to unw;inkle or 
take away the wrinkles. Deader k front, io 
clear the brow, make one look chcerlul. Se 
derider, v.r. to look cheerful, clear one's brow. 
Son front ne se deride jamais, liis brow is al- 
ways^ cloudy, he never looks cheerful. 

Derision, dii-r?-zlon, s. f derision. Tour- 
ner en derision, to laugh at, deride or turn in- 
to ridicule. 

D]^rivati-f, ve, dS,-rI-vl-t!f, tlv, adj. de- 
I rivative. 
^ Dekivation, dl-rl-vi-sIoH, s. f deriva- 
f 'on, origin. 

DtRiVE, di-rlv, s. f. Mar. lee-way, drif\. 
Belle derive, sea-room. La derii-e vatit la 
rotite. the drift is favourable to the course. En 
derive, a-drift. Le petit canot est m derive, the 
jolly-boat is adrift. 

DiERiyi, di-ri-vH, s. f. derivative. 

Deriver, di-r!-vl, v. a. to derive ; to un- 
rivet or unclinch (a nail.) 

Deriver, v. n. to be derived, come ori- 

finally from ; get clear of the shore (with 
arge-men.) Deriver, Mar. to drive or sag 
to leeward. Ce navire derive covime de iafu- 
mee, that ship is as weatherly as a sand barge. 
Denver mr un vaisseau, to fall aboard a ship. 
Vaisseau qui derive heaucoiip, leewardly ship. 

Dernier, e, d^r-ni^, nier, adj. last, ut- 
most, greatest, highest, worst, line action de 
la demiere cruaut^, a most barbarous action. 
Vos maijis sont de la demiere beaitte, your 
hands are extraordinarily fair. Je siiis duns 
le dernier chagrin, 1 am extremely sorry 
or concerned. Je vous suis oblige de la 
demiere obligation, I am infinitely obliged 
to you. En dernier lieu, adv. lastly, last of 

Defitier, s. m. last. S'ilvctient qu'acela, 
■je lie serai jias des derniers, if that will do, I 
shall not come short of any. 

DERNiiREMEKT, d?r-n?^r-m?n, adv. late- 
ly, not long since, not long ago, newly. 

DtROBE, E, d^-rd-b^, adj. stolen, etc. £»• 
caller derobi, back stairs, private stair-case. 
A dfs lief ires (l^robfes, nl sjiare hours. A la 
derobee, adv. bj' stealth, privately. Se rettrer 
a la deroNe, to steal aw ay. Jeter def re- 




bir, bat, base : ihire, ibo, over : field, f !g : r6be, rob, I6rd : m6od, gflod. 

gatJs a la uirobee, to cast sheep's eyes, play 
at bopecp. 

Dkkobf.r, da-rd-b^, v. a. to steal, rob or 
deprive, conceal, hide j to blanch (beans.) De- 
rober%n crimwela la justice, to convey orcon- 
ceal an oifeiider from justice. Derober une 
chose a laconnoissanreae quelqu'un,\o conceal 
a thinjf from one. Voire vuiison deiobe la vue 
a la notre, your house intercepts our prospect. 
Se derob''.r, v. r. to steal or get away. Se de- 
rober a la vtie de qiiflqu'un, to fade from the 
view. Se derober a la justice, to fly from jus- 
tice. Cheval qui se dArobc de dessous riiomtne, 
a horse that slips from under his rider. Se 
derober aiix coups de quelqu'un, to shun or 
avoid one's blows. Se derober un repas, to 
pinch one's belly. 

Dkrochkr, v. a. said of very large birds 
which flying after fcur-footed animals oblige 
them someiimes to precipitate themselves 
from the lop of a rock. 

DEROGATION, da-rd-gi-slon, s. f. deroga- 

Derogatoire, di-rd-gi-twkr, adv. dero- 
gating, derogatory. 

Derogeance, da-ro-2^, s. f. degrading 

Deroceant, e, dk-ib-zhi, zkni, adj. de- 
rogating, derogatory. 

Deroger, da-rft-iS., v. n. to derogate, 
D^roger a sa noblesse, to degrade one's self. 

DeROIDIR, da-rS-d5r, v. a. to unstiffen. 
iSe d^roidir, v. a. to grow soft or supple. 

DjEROUGiRjd^-rSo-zir, v. a. to lake oflfthe 
redness of one's face. D^rounr, v. n. Se 
dirovgir, v. r. to lose one's redness., Ak-rho-tk, v. a. to get or 
fetch the rust oflT, brighten, polish. Sederou- 
iller, V. r. to lose one's rust (in a proper and 
figurative sense.) 

Derouler, da-r6o-lS^, v. a. to unroll. 

Deroute, da-rflot, s. f. rout, defeat, over- 
throw; disorder, confusion. Mettre end^route, 
to rout, defeat. Mettre quelqu'un en deroute, 
to run one down, put him to a nonplus. 

Deroute, e, adj. quite out of his or her 
way, astray, bewildered. 

Derolter, da-rfto-t^, v. a. to put out of 
the road, lead astray, disconcert. 

DERRii:RE, d^-n^r, prep. & adv. behind. 
Par derriire, behind, backward. Elle est 
bossue par derri^re, she has a crooked back. 
Porte de derri^re, back-door. Mettre tine 
chose sens dei^ant derri^re, to put a thing 
wrong end foremost, put the cart before the 

DERRiERE,s.m. backside ;(tZ'?z7K'CM>asse) 
back ; (d'une perruque) neck or hind lock j 

Derviche or Dervis, s. m. dervis 
(Turkish priest.) 

Des, de, {plural ofdu, de la, del') of, of 
the, from the, some, etc. See the observation 
on De. 

Diis, prep, from, since, at. D^s demain, 
to-morrow. D^s que, conj. as soon as, from 
the moment that ; also as, since. Dis Ih que, 
when, as. Je le connois d^s mon enfance, I 
have known him from my infancy. Je le/erai 
dis ce soir, I shall do it this very evening. 
Je Pavois appris dh OrUans, I had not got 
further than Orleans when I heard of it. 

Desabusement, di-zi-biz-m&i, s. nu 
disabusing, undeceiving, state of being unde- 

Desabuser, di-zlt-bili-zL V. a. to unde- 
ceive, disabuse. 

D£saccordzr, da-zH-kSr-dl, v. a. to put 
out of tune, untune. 


Desaccoutumance, s. f. the vreaning 
from a custom or habit. 

Desaccoutumer, dfi-zi-kfto-tfi-m^, v. a 
to break ofl" or wean from a custom or habit 
make one leave oflf. Se desaccoutumer, v. r. 
to break off" or break one's self of a habit, dis- 
use, leave off. 

D^sachalander, d^-zi-shi-l^-di. V. 

Desaffourcher, v. n. Mar. to unmoor. 

Desagencer, da-z^-jr^-sa, v. a. to dis- 
order, put out of order or in confusion. 

Desagreable, da-zi-grS-ibl, adj. un- 
pleasant, disagreeabfe. 

DfsAGREABLEMENT, d&-zS-gr?l-?ibl-m^, 

adv.unpleasantly,disaeTeeably . Viyre dhagre- 
ablement en vn lieu, tolive une2isy in * place. 

Desagreer, da-si-gr^-?i, v. n. to dis- 
please, not to please, be disiiked. D^sagrierun 
vaisseaii. Mar. to take away a ship's rigginr. 

defect, any thing unpleasant or apt to create 
dislike, disgust, trouble, grievous or trouble- 
some thing. 

Desajuster, d&-zi-«fts-ti, v. a. to dis- 
compose or disorder. 

DESALT^RER,d^-z?il-t5.-rS.,v. a. toquench 
the thirst. Se dAsaltirer, v. r. to quench one's 

Desancrer, d^-z^-kr?i, v. a. to weigh the 

Desappareiller, v. a. to unmatch. 

Desappetiser, v. a. to take away the ap- 

Desappliquer, v. a. to take off, divert 
from one's application. 

*D£sappointer, di-z^-pwin-ti, v. a. to 
strike off the roll, put out of pay, cashier, su- 

D^.S^PPRENDRE, d^-zi-pr^r, v. a. (like 
prendre) to unlearn, forget. 

DisAPPROBAT-EUR, RICE, adj. One who 
blames, disapproves, fault-finder. 

DISAPPROBATION, s. f. disapprobation. 

s. f renunciation or dereliction. 

Desapproprier, (se) sl-d^-zi-pr6-pri-&, 
de, V. r. to renounce, divest one's self of. 

DisAPPROuvER, dS-zi-pr^o-v^, v. a. to 
disapprove, dislike, disallow, blame, find fault 

Desar^onner, da-zir-sft-n^, v. a. to un- 
horse, throw off the saddle, dismount ; also to 
supplant or undermine, and to nonplus. 

Desargenter, di-z^r-2^-t^,v. a. to take 
or scrape or weeir off the silver ; also to drain 
of money. 

D^SARMEMEifT, d^-zir-m?-m?«, s. m. dis- 
arming. Mar. pa3'ing off and laying up (of a 
ship.) Etre en desarmemerd, to be clearuig the 
ship for laying her up. 

Desarmer, di-zSr-mlL, v. a. to disarm, 
pull off the armour, appease, allay one's pas- 
sion or resentment. Desarmer, v. n. to lay down 




biise, b&l : j^iine, mSute, blurre : hifknt, cSwt, li^« ; vin ; mow ; brun. 

arms, disarm. Mar. dhamier un raisseau, 
to discliarge or lay up a ship. Desarmer Us 
uvirons, to unship the oars. 

Desarrimkr la cale, Mar. to unstow thfi 

Dksarroi, d?i-zi.-rwi, s.m. disorder, con- 
i'usioii, trouble. En desarroi, in disorder. 

Desassembler, da-zS-s^n-bli, v. a. to 
take down or asunder, take to pieces. 

Desassorti, e, adj. ill-matched, unsuita- 
ble, jarring. 

Desassortir, da-zi-sflr-tir, v. a. (regu- 
larly conjugated) to remove or displace things 
which were matched. 

Desastre, da-z^str, s. m. disaster, mis- 
chance, misfortune. 

DESASTREUSEiviENT, adv. disastrously. 

Desastreu-x, se, d^-zis-tr^u, tr^uz, adj. 
disastrous, unfortunate. 

Desavantage, dk-z'k-v^n-lkz, s. m. dis- 
advantage, prejudice, loss, damage. Purler 
au desavantage de quelqtt'un, to speak ill of 
one. II a eu dii desavantage dans le combat, he 
had the worst of it in that figfht,he w as worsted. 

Desavantager, dk-z&-vhi-tl-zh, v. a. to 

Desavantageusemext, d^-zi-v^-ti- 
ztuz-min, adv. disadvantageously, with dis- 
advantage. Parler desavantagensement de 
quelqit'un, to speak ill of one, give an ill cha- 
racter of one. 

Desavantageu-x, se, adj. disadvanta- 
geous,inPoiivenient. Ce cond)ai nous/ut d^sa- 
vavfageux, we had the worst of it in that fight. 

Desaveu, di-z4-v^u, s.m. disavowing or 
disclaiming, denial. 

Desa veugler, di-z^-i^?a.gl5,, v. a. to un- 
blind, open the eyes of. 

Desavouer, dSi-zi-vio-l, v. a. to diso\«'n 
or disclaim, not to own, deny. 

Desceller, v. a. to take off the seal. 

Descendance, Ah-shi-Ah.ns, s. f. extrac- 
tion, descent. 

Descendant, e, adj. descending. 

Descendans, offspring, posterity, progeny, 

Descendre, dhskndr, v. n. to descend, 
go or come or step or be carried down ; to fall. 
Descendre cTitn bateau, to come out of a boat, 
to land. Desceridre de cheval, to light off one's 
horse. Descendre de carrosse, to step out of a 
coach. Descendre de qnelqii'un, to descend 
from one, draw one's original from one. La I 
m/;/YV(/Mce7?rf, the tide goes oulorit isebbtide. 1 
Descendre d'un ton, to sing a note lower. 

Descendre, v. a. to take or let or bring or 
brow down. Descendre la garde, to come off 
he guard. Mar. Descendriune riviere, to fall 
or drop down a river. Nou^ descendimes la 
cute de Guinee, we ran down the coast of Gui- 
nea. Descends les pierriers de la grande hune, 
send down the swivels out of the main top. 

Descendu, e, adj. descended, come or 
gone down. Descendu d-e bonne famiJle, come 
of a good family. 

Descente, d(Vs^nt, s. f. descent or going 
down, taking or letting down, fall or falling; 
a gutter ; rupture or burst ; descent or steep 
side of a hill; irruption, invasion, descent, 
landing. Descente d'humeiirs, defluxion of hu- 
mours. Faire nrte descente surles lieiix, to visit 
the spot. Descente de croix, picture repre- 

senting the manner in which our Saviour was 
taken down from the cross. Faire 7me descente, 
Mar. to make a landing or to land in an ene- 
my's country. 

'Description, d?-skrlp-s!ojj, s. f. descrip- 

Dksemballage, s. m. unpacking, open* 
ingof abale. 

Dksemballer, di.-z^.n-hk-\k, v. a. to un 

D£sembar(|uement, d?i-z6«-blrk-m^, 
s. m. disembarking. 

DisEMBARQUER, dk-zhn-bhr-l&, v. a. to 
disembark, unlade. 

Desembourber, da-z^-bftor-b^, v. a. to 
take out of the mire. 

Desemparer, dk-zht-pi.-A, v. a. & n. to 
go away, quit or abandon the place where 
one is. Mar. to disable. 

DisEMPESNl, E, adj. unplumed. Ex. Ilv0 
comtne tin trail d^sempenne, ne is a rash, hair 
brained fellow, he goes at random. 
Desempeser, v. a. tounstarch. 
Desemplir, di-z^-pllr, v. a. to empty 
till not too full., V. n. or se disemplir, v. r. to 
emptj, grow empty. 

Desemprisonner, v. a. to take out ol 

Desenchantement, dk-zhn-shiinl-mkn, 
s. m. disenchantment. 

Desenchanter, di-z^-sh^-ta, v, a. to 
disenchant or uncharm. 

Desenci.ouer, di-z^-klflo-S, v. a.imca- 
non, to clear a piece of ordnance that was 
spiked. Dhencloiier un cheval, to take out a 
nail that pricks a horse to the quick. 
Desendormi, e, adj. half awake. 
Desenfiler, da-z^7*-fi-la, v. a. to un- 
thread a needle. 

Desenkler, d^-z^n-flS., V. a. to take the 
swelling awaj'. Dhenfter, v. n. se desenflcr, 
V, r. to liave the swelling abate, 

Desenflure, d^-z^-fli!ir, s. f, cessation 
of swelling. 

Desenivrer, da-z^-n?-vra, v. a. to so 
ber, unfuddle, make sober again. Se deseni- 
vrer, v. r. to grow sober agam. Se desenivrer 
en dormant, to sleep one's self sober. 

Deseni.acer, v. a. to disentangle. Se di 
senlacer, v. r. to disentangle qne^s self, get 
clear of the net or snare. 

DzsENNUYER, di-z^n-nfl?-y&, v. a. to di- 
vert, recreate or refresh. Se desennwjer, v. r 
to divert or refresh one's self, 

Desenraver, da-z6w-rA-ya, uneroue,v. 
a. to untrig a wheel. 

Desenkhumer, da-z^«-rfi-m!i, v. a. tc 
cure a cold or cough. Se desenrhnmer, v, r, 
to get rid of a cold or cough, 

Desenr6lkment, s. m, discharge (of a 

])E£ENr6ler, discharge (a soldier.) 
Desenrouer, da-z6n-r6o-^, v. a. to cure 
the hoarseness of. Se desenrouer, v. r. to get 
rid of a hoarseness. 

Desensabler, da-z^n-sS-bla, v. a. to get 
off a boat that has run aground. 
Desenskigner, v. a. to unteach. 
DisENSEVELiR, d^-z6n-sev-l?r, v. a. to dig 
out of the grave. 

Desensorceler, di-z^n-sftrs-lH, v. a. to 
unbewitch, disenchant. 




oir, bSl, base ; ihtre, ^Lb, ov^i : field, fig : r6*^e, rflb, I6rd : m^od, efSod. 

Desensorcellemest, di-z^-s6r-s§l- 
hiAm s. m. disenchanting. 

Desenteteu, dk-z.t'n-ik-iK, v. a. to bring 
to reason, restrain one infatuated. 

Desentraver, i\K-zhi-irk-\hfV.a. to un- 
fetter or unlock, (a horse, etc.) ^ 

Desenvenimer, da-z^v-n?-m^, v. a. to 
clear from the venom, remove or take away 
the venom. 

DisENVERGUER UTK voilf., V. a. Mar, to 
unbend a sail. 

Desequiper, d?i-za-^?-pa, un vaissemi, v. 
« to unrig a ship. 

Desert, e, dk-zh, z?rt, adj. desert, ua- 
inhabit, unfrequented, solitary. 

Desert, s. m. desert, desert place, wilder- 
ness, solitary place. 

Deserter, dS-z<ir-tit, v. a. to lay waste, 
turn into a desert or wilderness, unpeople, 
leave or forsake (a place,) desert o;- run away 
from one's colours. 

Deserted R, da-z?r-t?ur, s. m. deserter. 

Desertion, d?i-z^r-s?ow, s. f desertion, 
deserting. Desertion d'ajrpel, giving over of 
an appeal. Desertion de cause, nonsuit or let- 
ting fail a suit. 

DESESpiRADE,da-z&-pa-r?td, (a la.) adv. 
desperately, like a mad person, hand over 
head, rashly. 

DisESPERANT, E, adj. despairing. 

DisESPERi, E, da-zSs-pa-ra, adj. despair- 
ed of, etc. i)asl hope, desperate, given over, 
forlorn ; mad, desperate, furious. 

DisESP^RE, E, s. m. &. f. desperate per- 

DisESpiREMENT, adv. desperately. 

Desesperer, da-zes-pa-ra, v. n. to de- 
^air, have no hopes, be past hopes, give over 
lor lost. 

Desesperer, v. a. to put out of all hopes, 
give no hopes, also to torment, mad or make 
mad, anger, vex. Se desesptfrer, v. r. to be 
mad, tear like a madman, be ready to make 
away with one's self, despair. 

Desespoir, da-z^s-pwar, s. m. despair, 
desperation; trouble, grief, vexation J'ensiiis 
au d/'sespoir, 1 am extremely troublfci, vexed 
or concerned about it, I am' mad at it. C'est ' 
mon desespoir, that vexes me or uiakes me I 
mad. I 

DisHABiLi.i, E, adj. undressed, whose | 
clothes are off. 

Deshabille, di-zi-bi-/a, s. m. dishabille, 
undress or home dress. 

DisHABiLLER, da-z^-b?-/5, v. a. to un- 
dress, pull off the clothes of. Se desliabiller , to 
undress one's self. 

DisHABiTE, E, da-zi-bi-ta, adj. deserted, | 
no longer inhabited, uninhabited. 

DfsHABiTUER, da-zi-b1-tfl-&, V. a. to dis- 
accustom, break off a habit or custom. Se des- 
habiliier, v. r. to break one's self of, leave off 
a habit or custom. 

Desheresce, da-za-r^«s, s. m. want of a 
lawful heir. 

Desheriter, da-za-r?-ta, v. a. to disin- 
herit or deprive of the succession. 

DfesHDNNiTE, da-z6-n^t, adj. dishonest, 
unbecoming, disgraceful, shameful, disho- 
nourable, base, filthy ; lewd, bawdy, dis- 1 

DeshgnxItete, da-zO-n^'-iB, s. f. dis- 
honesty, lewdness, immodesty, ribaklry. 

DisHONNEUR, dk-zS-uetr, ?. m. disho* 
nour, shame, disgrace, discredit, infamy, re- 
proach, disparagement. 

Deshokorable, d^-zfl-nft-rabl, adj. dis- 
honourable, disgraceful, infamous, shameluL 


adv. dishonourably, disgracefully, shamefully. 

Desho!»orer) d^-zft-ci-iw,' v. a. to dis- 
honour, disgrace, debase, disptirage or dis- 
credit. Desnoiiorerune fille, to ravish or ruin a 
girl, fie deslionorer, v. r. to bring aisgrace 
upon one's self 

DisHiMANiSER, v. a. to divest of huma> 
nity, render inhuman. 

Desiknati-f, ve, adj. thai designates, 
marks out. 

Designation, dn-z?-gn?i-s?on, s. f. desig- 
nation, appointment, nomination, description. 

Designer, da-si-gna, v. a. to designate, 
appoint, assign or nominate, describe, denote. 

Desincorporee, da-zin-k6r-pS-ra, v. a. 
to separate (from the body in which a thing 
has been incorporated,) to disinctirporate. 

Desinence, dS-zi-nfe?(s, s. f. termination o> 
ending (of a word.) 

DisiNKATUER, da-zin-fa-t&-a, v. a. to 
work out of conceit, disabuse, undeceive. 

Desinfecter, v. a. to take off the infec- 

DISINFECTION, s. f. the act of taking off 
the infection. 

Desinteress^, e, adj. disinterested, ua 
interested, impartial, unbiassed ; indemnified, 
etc. V. the Verb. 

Desinteressement, da-zin-ta-r?s-m^, 
s. m. impartiality, disinterestedness. 

Desinteressement, adv. impartially. 

DisiNTERESSER, da-ziw-ta-r^-sa, v. a. to 
indemnify, make amends, give a recompense. 

"Desinviter, v. a. to disinvite. 

Desir, da-zir, s. m. desire, W'sh, longing. 
Desir rioletit et der^gl^, lust. 

Desirable, da-zi-ribl, adj. desirable, to 
be desired, to be wished for. 

Desire, e, adj. desired, wished for. 

Desirer, da-z?-rl, v. a. to desire, wish 
or long for. D4sirer avec passion, to lust after. 
II y a qiielqiie chose h desirer, there is sc/me- 
thing wanting or missing. 

Deeireu-x, se, d^-z?-r6u, r^uz, adj. desi- 
rous, covetous, eager. 

Desistement, da-z?st-mS«, 
ing, giving over, 

Desister,(se) 1 
sist, cease, leave off, give over. 

dIsobeir, d^-zS-b?i-!r, v. a. to disobey, b« 
disobedient or undutiful. 

Desobeissance, da-z5-ba-?-s^s, s. f. dis- 
obedience, undutifulness. 

Desobeissant, e, d^-z6-bM-s^, sint, 
adj. disobedient, undutiful. 

DisoBLici.E, adj. disobliged, displeased. 

DisOBLIGKAMMENT, A\-7.h-h\\-zk-mhi, 
adv. disobligingly, unkindly. 

Desobligeant, e, Ah-zh-h^-zkn, zhni, 
adj. disobliging, unkind. 

Desobliger, dii-zd-bll-s^, v. a. to dis- 
oblige, displease. 

r, ceasing or leaving off. 

iE) se-da-z5s-ta, fl(e, v. r. to de- 

D4soBSTRUCTiF, cure for obstructions 
DESHONNiTEMENT, dH-z Vnil-mS/i, adv. Desobstruer, ^ a. to remove an ob 
dishonesUy, lewdly, immodcaUy, .1 strucUon. 




biisp., b&t : j^iine, mSute, blurre : h-nfknt, chil, liire ; vin . more ; bruw. 

DisoccupATioN, da-z8-^&-pi-s?on, s. f. 
leisure, retiring from business. 

DisoccupE, E, di-t&-Xrfl-pa, adj. at lei- 
Bire, free or retired from business, unemploy- 
ed, idle. Se desoccuper, v. r. to retire from 
business, free one's se!f from it, lay it aside. 

Desoelvre, e, dii-z^u-vr&, adj. out of 
work or business. 

DisoEUVREMENT, s. m. idleness, leisure. 

DisoLANT, E, di-zd-l^», l^«t, adj. griev- 
rng, afflicting. 

DisoLATEUR, d4-z5-l^-t3ur, s. m. rava- 
fer, spoiler, destroyer. 

Desolation, d4-z8-li-s?07i, s. f. desola- 
tion, ruin, devastation, grief, trouble, affliction, 

Desoi.e, e, adj. desolate, ruined, laid 
waste ; doleful, disconsolate, troubled, afflict- 
ed, grieved. 

Dj^soler, di-zft-li, v. a. to desolate, run 
or lay waste ; to vex, trouble or grieve. 

DEsopiLATi-F,VE,da-z8-pi-la-t?f, tiv,adj. 

Desopilation, d\-z5-p?-li-sio«, s. f. de- 
oppilation, removal of obstructions. 

DisopiLER, d^-zA-pMa, v. a. to deoppi- 
late, drive away sorrow. Cela desopik la 
rate, that dispels the spleen. 

DEsordosne, e, da-zftr-d5-n4, adj. dis- 
ordinate, inordinate, disorderly, extravagant, 
unruly, unreasonable, immoderate. 

Desoruosnement, d4-z5r-dA-n^-m^, 
adv. disordinately, disorderly, without any 
rule, immoderately. 

Desordre, da-zftrdr, s. m. disorder, con- 
fusion ; riot, excess, debauchery, loose or dis- 
orderly life, lewdness; perturbation, trouble 
or discomposure of mind ; disturbance, tumult, 
hurly burly ; devastation, havock. 

[)esorgavisation, s. f disorganization. 

Desorganiser, v. a. to disorganize. 

ed, out of countenance, out of his or her bias. 

Dis<jRiENTER,da-zA-rl-^/?-ta, v. a. to mis- 
take some other point for the east, lose one's 
way, to confound, put or dash out of counte- 
nance, put out of one's bias. 

DisoRMAis, da-z&r-mi, adv. henceforth, 

Desorner, v. a. to take off ornaments, 
strip of ornaments. 

Desosse, e, adj. boned {/or unboned.) 

Desossement, s. m. taking out the bones. 

DisossER, dl-z(S-si, v. a. to bone {/or un- 
bone,) take out the bones (ire cookery.) 

DisouRDiR, d4-z6or-dlr, v. a. to unravel, 

Desponsation, s. f. solemn engagement 
of marriage. 

Despotat, i. m. state governed by a ("es- 

Despote, d?s-p8t, s. m. despot, absolute 

DESpoTiqoE, d&-pd-t!k, adj. despotical, 
absolute, arbitrary. 

Despotiquement, d38-p3-tlk-m*ii, adv. 
despotically, arbitrarily. 

Despotisme, dSs-p5-tIsm,s.m. despotism. 

Despumation, s. 1. despumation. 

Despumer, v. a. to take off the scum. 

DEsquELS, Desqcelles, (pour DeUs- 
^Is, Di lesqmlles.) V. Lexqiuls. 

DsssAisia (se) sl-d^-s^-zlr, de quelque 

chose, V. r. to disseize or dispossess one's seW 
of a thing, let it go. 

Dessaisissk WENT, d^-s3-z?s-m^M, s. m 
disseizing, dispossessing. 

Dess\isonner, v. a. to plow, manure ot 
sow (laud) unseasonably or out of the wonted 

Dessal^, e, de-si-1^, adj. unsaltcd, freed 
from salt by being soaked in water. Un dfssale, 
s. m. a cunning or sharp fellow. 

Dessaler, d^-sa-la, v. a. & v. n. to un- 
salt, make fresh or free from salt., d^-s^re-gli, v. a. toungirth. 

Dessaouler. V. DessoiVer. 

Dessechant, e, d^-s4-sh^, shhnl, adj 
drying, desiccalive. 

DESsicnf , adj. dried, dried up. 

Dessf.chement, d^-sash-ui^«,s. m. drvine 
or drying up, desiccation, state of being driea 

DESsicHER, dS-s4-shi, V. a. todry or dry 
up, drain, wither. 

Dessein, dS-sire, s. m. design, mind, inten- 
tion, intent, purpose, resolution, project, en- 
terprise, attempt ; plan o;- draught. Adessein, 
on purpose, purposely. A dessein de, with the 
design of, in order to. 

Dessellkr, d^-s^-li, v. a. to unsaddle. 

Desserre, s. f Ex. // est dura la desserre, 
he is hold-fast, he is a close-fisted man. 

DESSERRER,d^-s^-ri, V. a. to loosen, make 
a little loose. Desserrer les deitls a qwlqu'mt, 
to wrench one's teeth open; to make one 
speak. Desserrer un cottp de poitig, un sou/- 
Jlel, to give a cuff o/- box on the ear. 

Dessert, d§-sir, s. m. last course at table, 

Desserte, d?-s^rt, s. f. meat come off the 
table. Desserte d'une aire or d'un benefice, 
functions of a parsonage or the like. 

Desservant, s. m. curate. 

*Desservice, s. m. ill office, ill turn, dis- 

DESSERViR,d?-s?r-v!r,v.a. (like «cmr) to 
take away, clear the table; to do an ill office 
to, discard. Desseix-ir une cure, to serve a 

Dessicati-f, VE,d^-s?-ki-tJf, tlv, adj. de- 
siccative, apt to dry up. 

Dessication, s. f. desiccation. 

Dessiller, d(^-sMa,v.a.toopen{theeyes.) 

Dessin, s. m. design, sketch or first de- 
sign ; art of drawing. 

Dessinateur, dd-si-n^-t^ur, s. m. design- 
er or drawer. 

Dessiner, d3-sl-nS, v. a. to design, draw 
the first draught of, delineate, sketch., d^-s5-l^, v. a. to unsole. 

Dessouder, dS-sfto-d^, v. a. to unsolder. 

Dessoudure, s. f unsoldering., d^-sfto-lS,, v. a. to make sober 
again. Dessouler, v. n. to get sober. 

DESSOus,dS-s8o,adv. underneath, beneath. 
Dessous, prep, under, underneath, below. Au- 
dessous de, below, under, inferiour to. De des^ 
sous, from under. Sens dessus dessous, topsy* 
turvy, upside down. 

Dessous, s. m. bottom, lower or under 
most part. Le dessous du pud. the sole of the 
foot. Avoir du dessous-, to be worsted or beat- 
en or overpowered. Donner du dessous, tohedX^ 

Dessus, dfi-siV adv. & prep, apon, above, 




b^r, bat, b^e : th^re, ^bb, ovir : field, ilg : r6be, rSb, I6rd : m6od, g5od. 

Au-dessus de, above, over, beyond. De des- 
tus, from, from upon, off. E tie leva -jamais les 
yeux de decsus elk, he never turned liis eyes 
from her. J^s fndts tomberU de dessus les «;•- 
bres, the fniits fall off the trees. 

Dessus, s. m. top or upper part ; (d^une 
kttre) superscription. Le dessus {in musick,) 
the treble or upper part. Bas dessus, second 
treble. Avoir le dessus, to be uppermost, get 
or have the advantage. Venir au dess?is de 
tes entreprises, to brmg one's designs about, 
compass them. Prendre le dessus de quelqu'un, 
to take place above one. 

DKSTiN,d^s-ti»i, s. m. destiny, fate. 
^ Djcstination, dSs-t}-n&-sion, s. f. destina- 
tion, apfjointment. 

Destine, e, adj. designed, devoted, desti 
Dated, set apart. Destini pour, Mar. bound 

Destinee, d?s-tl-ni, s. f. destiny, fate. 
Finir sa destinee, to die. 

Destiner, d^s-t?-n&, v. a. to design, des- 
tine or destinate, devote or appoint, v. n. to 
design, propose. 

DESTiTUABLE,dSs-t!-ifl-ibl, adj. that may 
be deposed, that may be deprived or turned 
out of his place or office. 

Destitue, e, d§s-ii-tfl-^, adj. destitute, 
deprived, bereft, deposed. 

Destituer, d^s-ti-tft-^, v. a. to depose, 
deprive or turn out of a place. 

Destitution, d?s-ti-t&-s?o«, s. f deposing 
or depriving of a place. 

*DESTRiER,d§s-trl-ii, s. m.led horse, char- 
ger, war horse. 

Destkuct-eur, rice, d&-trflk-t^ur, tr?s, 
8. m. & f. destroyer. 

Destructibilite, s. f. quality of what 
can be destroyed. 

Destructi-f, ve, adj. destructive. 

Destruction, d&-tr&k-sion, s. f. destruc- 
tion, ruin, overthrow. 

Desuetude, d^-sfl-&-tfld, s. f. desuetude. 

DisuNijE, disunited, divided, ete. 

DISUNION, dS-z&-n1ora, s. f. disunion, divi- 
sion, discord, separation. 

Desunir, d^-zfi-n?r, v. a. to disunite, di- 
vide, set at variance, separate, disjoin. Se 
ddsunir, v, r. to come asunder ; to fall out, be 
at variance, be divided, be at odds. 

DiTACHi, E, adj. untied, loose, etc. V. 
Detacher. Piece* detacMes, outworks (in 

DiTACHEMENT, d^-t^sh-mSn, s. m. free- 
dom, condition of one that is free or has no 
lie upon him. Detacliement de caeur, disen- 
gagement of one's heart or affection. Detache- 
•nent de tout inth-et, impartiality. Detaclie- 
ment (terme rf«^ien-e,) detachment. 

Detacher, da-ti-sh^, v. a. to untie, undo 
or loosen or loose ; take off. {In paiiiting) to 
relieve, throw out. Detacher lejlegrm avec un 
verre de vin, to carry off, wash down the 
phlegm with a glass of wine. DMacker des 
Boldats, to detach soldiers. Dkacher une fri- 
gate ^ to detach a frigate. Detacher une ruade, 
to kick up one's heels, fling or jerk out with 
the heels. Ditaclier, {oterles laches) to take 
out the stains. Detacher, v. r. to grow loose, 
come off; to rid or wean or break one's self 
of, to leave off. 

DixACHBUR, d?i-li-shSur V. DIgrais- 

Detail, dii-ta/, 
exact account, account, 
or debiter en detail, to sell bv retail ; faire if. 

retail ; particulars, 
V. Ensemble. Vendre 

detail d'une cliose, to give, tell the particulars 
of a thing. 

DETAiLLER,dl-t^-/il,v. a. to cut in pieces 
sell by retail : to tell the particulars of, give a 
full account of. 

DiTAiLLEUR, da-ta-/^ur, s. m. retailer. 

Detalage, s. m. the act of taking in the 

D^TALER, da-t^-ll, V. a. to take in the 
stall-commodities, shut up one's shop. 

Det^ler, v. n. to scamper away, make off. 

DjETALiNGUER,di-tS.-lin-^i,M/icaWe,v. a. 
Mar. to unbend a cable. 

Df TAPPER, V. a. Mar. to take out the torn 
pion from the mouth of (a gun.) Detappez le& 
canons, take out your tompions. 

Deteindre, da-tiwdr, v. a. (see the tablfl 
at eindre) to take awa^' the colour, discolour. 
Se deteindre, v. r. to lose its colour, fade. 

Deteint, E, adj. that has lost its colour, 

DIteler, d^t-li, v. a. to unteam, take th« 
horse or horses from a cart, coach, etc. 

D^tendre, v. a. to take down, let down, 
slacken, unbend. 

Detendu, e, adj. taken down, etc. V. D^- 

Detenir, dit-nir, v. a. like tenir, to de- 
tain, keep or withhold. 

Detente, d^-t§«t, s. f. trigger of a gun. 

Df tent-eur, trice, da-tSi-tSur, tr?s, <5. 
m. & f. one that holds an estate. 

Detention, d&-tin-s!on, s. f. detaininj? 
keeping, detention, imprisonment. 

Detenu, e, adi. detained, kept, withheld. 

Deterger, d^-tSr-2^, v. a. to purge, 

DETiRIORATION, d^-t^-rf-fl-r^-sfoTl, S. f. 

waste, spoiling, deterioration. 

Deteriorer, di-t&.-rM-r&, v. a. to waste 
or spoil. 

Determinant, e