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OF THE 



UNPARALLELED FIRES, FLOODS, HURRI- 



CANES AND FAMINE, CRIMES, PLAGUES 



AND EARTHQUAKES 



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SELECTED AND COMPILED BY 

JAMES CALEB M'lNTOSH, BAYFIELD, 

COUNTY OF HURON, ONTAKIO, 
January, 1869, A. D. 






PRINTED AT THE SIGNAL OFFICE, GQDERICH. 






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To the Readeiittf 

The Mowing book will be found but a mere summafy. 
A lull account of each of the subjects contained in it would 
swell to Volumes. Neither can it be expected in every 
point to be correct, but this 1 do say, that I have followed 
toy information without any deviation on my part. Hence, 
I shall be content to have it perused by a discernin"- 
pt*bhc. ° 



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@®MlfgNTS: 

I— Statistics*..*. 6 to 9. 

II— Plagues, ...*... 9 to 17. 

Ill— Crime ...,.17 to 27. 

IV— Famine 27 to 32. 

V— Floods 32 to 39. 

VI— Hurricanes ...e...... .,..39 to 57. 

VII—Earthquakes 67 to 71. 

VIII— Fires 71 to 80. 

IX— The Signs oi the Times...... 80 to end 






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CHAPTER r. 



ft^\^iL§,^ ve^. 



F'rom the New York Tribune of 18^6. 

" The Population of the Globe. — Thore are on th« 
glebe about 1,888,000,000 souls, oi' which 3GI),000,('00 ar© 
of the Caucasian race ; oo2,00'l,000 aro ol th(3 Mongol race ; 
190,000,000 are ol the Ethiopian race ; 170,00 >,0OU are of 
the Malay race ; 1,000,000 are of the Indo-Anierican race. 
There are 3,648 languages, and about the complete iium* 
ber of sects 608. 'I'he real mark or number of the Beast 
** The yearly mortality of the globe is 33,332,3J3 persons. 
This is at the rate of 91,554 per day ; 3,730 per hour; HO 
per second. To each pulsation of our heart marks the 
death of some human being. The average of life is 33 
years. One fourth ot the population die at or before the 
age of seven years, one half at or before 17 years. Among 
10,000 persons one arrives at the age of loO years, one 
in 500 attahis the age of 90, and one in 100 lives to tho 
age of 60. Married men live longer than single ones. 
In 1,000 persons 65 marry, and more marriages occur iu 
June and December than in any other two months in th© 
year. One-eighth of the whole population is mihtary. 
trofessions exercise a c>Teat influence on longevity. In 
1,000 individuals who arrive at the age of 70 years, 42 are 
priests, orators, or public speakers, 40 are agriculturists, 
83 are workmen, 38 soldiers or military employees, 29 
advocates or engineers, 27 professors, and 24 doctors. 
Those who devote their lives to the prolongation ot that 
of others die the soonest. There are who profess 
Christianity 335,000,000 ; there are S,000,000 Israelites. 
60,000,000 of the Asiatic rehgion ; there 160,000,000 
Mahommedans ; there are 200,000,000 Pagans. Them 
that profess the CathoUc belief number 170,000,000. The 
Greek church numbers 75,000,000, and 80,00(),000 profesi 
the Protestant faith. In forty years in the United States, 
Great Britain and France, from 1820 to 1860, the popula- 
tion is shown to have increased as follows ; . 



.1*1 



1820. 1860. 

tnited States, 9,688,191 31,445,080. 

France, 80,4«l,R75 36,755,371. 

Great Britain, 20,892,670 28,887,687. 

1 England and Wales,.... 11,999,322 20,001,726. 

2 Scotland, 2,091,521 3,061,820. 

3 Ireland, 6,8'»1,827 6,764,543. 

Dividing three millions into city and country population, 
the same forty years, outside ol the principal cities of Great 
Britain, viz : London, Manchester, Liverpool, Leeds, 
Bristol, Birmingham, Glasgow and Dublin, and in h ranee, 
outside of Paris, and in the United States, outside of its 
fifty principal cities, the result is : 

1820. 1860. 

In Great Britain, 18,641,733 23,736,405. 

In France, 29,701,875 35,088,030. 

In United States, 9,068,181 27,354,287. 

"Whereas the growth of population during the same forty 
years in the eight above named principal cities of Great 
Britain, in the capital city of France, and in the fiity duel 
cities of the United States, is as follows : — 

1820. 1860. 

Great Britain's 8 cities, 2,250,937 6,151,192. 

France's Capital city, 760,000 1,667,841. 

United States' fifty cities, 570,010 4,090,798. 

In Great Britain the increase ratio of the country popul- 
ation is about 4 to 6^, while, of the city population it is 4 
to 9. In France the increase ratio of the country popula- 
tion is 4 to less than 6, while of the population or Paris it 
is from 4 to 9. In the United States the increase ratio of 
the country population for the same period, although rising 
from 4 to 12, is outstripped by the increase of the popula- 
tion in cities, w^hich is from 4 to nearly 29. But not only do 
cities outstiip the country in their growth, but great cities 
outstrip smaller cities. In Great Britain — Manchester, 
Liverpool, Leeds, Bristol and Birmingham, have increased 
in their agfrrei^ate population from 539,060 in 1820, to 
1,651,075 in 18^60. London, in 1820, had 1,373,947 in^ 
habitants ; the same ratio of increase as the five cities above, 
would give London in 1860 about 2| millions of human 
beings, but it has gone beyond that mark by half t miliion. 



■^■1 



just enough to make a city oi the size of Manchester the 
next largest in the Kingdom, and London in 1860 had a 

f>opulation of 2,76.0,000. Glasgow, the chief city of Sflot- 
and, has increased three fold in the same pcrioa, far sur- 
passing its rivals, while the country has increased ftfty per 
cent. Dubhn has risen from 185,000 to 260,000 steadily, 
tiespite the fluctuations of population. In the United 
States there is uniformly more rapid concentration of 
population in the gt-eat central cities, than in the cities at 
large, and is more strikingly manifest, as thus : 

1820. -1860 

Forty-eight principal cities, 439,129 3,009,878. 

Seven larger cities 266,304 * 1,452,621. 

New York,Brooklyn,Wil- ( i on ft-ri i i m am\ 

liarnsburg, Jersey City. \ ^^^'^^^ 1,110,410. 

Railroads in France,— The total length of railroadt 
in operation January 1st 1865, was 8,113 miles, and con- 
cessions had been granted ibr 3,304 miles, making a total 
of 11,417 miles completed, in progress and projected. The 
amount of money actually expended on these enterprises 
to date, was $1,300,000,000, and there remained to be ex- 
pended on the roads m progress and projected an addition- 
al sum of $670,000,000, which makes a total of $1,870,000,- 
000, or about $150,000 per mile. The tunnels on all the 
railroads in the Empire are 366 in number and would, 
it combined, measure 377 leagues hi length. The largest 
is that of the North near Marsailles, on the Lyons Kail- 
roads, which cost $2,100,000 ; and that of Blaisy, on the 
same line cost $1,600,000 ; and that of Credo, between 
Lyons Geneva, $1,300,000. The entire cost of the tun- 
nels, bridges and viaducts on the various French Rail- 
roads amounts to $86,536,390. 

"About the year 14 of the Christian era, the annual 
product ot gold was $5,000,000 ; in 14l>2 it was only $260,- 
000 ; in 1863 it was $285,000,000 ; and in 1864 $240,000,000. 
In the year 1 4 also the gold and silver in existance is esti- 
mated at $1,327, 000,000, and in 1862 at $10,562,000,000 The 
whole amount of gold and silver obtained from the earth 
from the earliest periods to the present time is estimated 
at $21,272,000,000. 



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The Scriptures have been translated into 148 languages 
and dialects, of which l'i\ had prior to the formation of 
the British l^oreign Bible Society ever appeared. And 25 
of those kngiiages existed without an alphabet, in an oral 
form. Upwards of 43,000,000 of these copies of God's 
word are circulated among not less than 600,000,000 of 
people. The first division of the Divine word into chap* 
ters and verses is attributed to Stephen Lang*on, Arch- 
bishop ot Canterbury, in the rei^n of King John, in the 
latter part ot* the tAVelClh century or beginning of the 
thirteenth. Cardinal Hugo, in the middle of the thirteenth 
century, divided the Old Testament into chapters as they 
stand in our prf^sont translation. In 1661, Athias, a Jew 
of Amsterdam, divided the sections of Hugo into verses— a 
French printer had previously (in 1561) divided the New 
Testament into verses as they now are. The Old Testa- 
ment contains 39 books, 929 chapters, 23,214 verses, 592,- 
439 words, 2,738,100 letters. The New Testament contain^ 
27 books, 260 cnapters, 7,'9o0 verses, 182,253 words, 933,* 
S80 letters. The entire Bible contains 6Q books, 1,139 
chapters, 31,175 verses, 774,692 words, 3,565,489 letters. 
The name olMehovah, or Lcrd, occurs 6,855 times in the 
Old Testament. The word " and"occurs in the Old Testa* 
ment SS,.'^ 43 times. The middle book of the Old Testament 
is Proverbs. The middle chapfer is the 29 of Job. 
The middle verse is the 2 of Chronicles, 29th chapter, 
17 th verse. Ihe middle book of the New Testament is 
3nd Thessaloniann. The middle chapters are Romans 13 
and 14. The middle verse is Acts ii, 7. The middje 
verse in the Bible is Psalms cxviii, 8. The middle line m 
the Bible is 2nd Chronicles i, 16. The 19th chapter of 2nd 
Kings, and Isaiah :IQ are the same. lu the 27th v«rse of the 
7th Ezra, are all the letters of the alphabet, I and J con- 
sidered as one. The Apocrypha so called, is as canonical 
as the rest of the Bible, and is bound between the Old 
Testament and New, and contains 14 books, 188 chapters, 
15,031 A^erses, 153,185 words. The preceding facts were 
ascertained by a gentleman in 1718, also by an English- 
man residing at Amsterdam, 1772, and is said to have taken. 
them each nearly three years in the investigation. The 
thought that an eternity of bliss depends upon the purity of a 
Jew years of earthly existence, is an overwhelming thought. 



Then, how ^'eat is the inducoment to study truth, and 
cultivate virtue. 



How happy every child <»( grace, 

Who knows, his sins forgiven ; 
This earth he says, is not my hi>nic^ 

I seek my place in heaven. 
A country far from mortal sight, 

Yet oh, by faith I see ; 
The land of rest, the Saint's deliglit, 

Th« lii^<»,yen prepar'd for me. 



•?M-(.;j 



.' i 



CHAPTER 11. 



The definition of the word plague, is pestilence, or that 
which cuts off any thing that God created. First, then, 
the cattle plague. From the Lendon Times^ December 
65 : — " Official returns ibr the week ending December 30, 
show a large increase, in liesh <?ases of the cattle disease. 
For the previous week the number was 6,256, and in the 
last week of December 65, it was 6,ft98 The number in 
Yorkshire was 1,456 ; in Scotland 1 ,975. The United 
States Consul, waiting to the State Department from 
Manchester, under date ol December 9, 65, says : Since 
ihe date otmy last despatch on the subject of the cattle 
plague, the deaths have rapidly increased. The whole 
number of cases reported to the authorities up to the close 
^f last week is 39 000 ; of these 19,950 died, and 10,700 
were killed while suft'ering with the disease. The num- 
ber of cases reported last week was neiirly 4|"DO0. The 
exact figures are, for the week endmg November 18, 2,069 ; 
for the week ending No\ ember 25, 3,610; lor the week 
ending Decei^aber 23, S,828 ; for the w' eek ending January 
27, 66, show the number attacked to be nearly 12,000, 
against 1 ,000 the p i evious week. From the same aut hor- 
ity we regret to notice the alarming increase in the 
cattle plague. Duriiig last month, the attacks have risen 
from 14,000 to upwards of 27,000, and the deaths are 
daily increasing." 

" Statistical office ol the Veterinary Depot, Privy Council 
office, December 20, 1866: — ^The number of aniraaLs attack- 



10 

ed since the commencement is 253,791, and 58,496 healthy 
eattle haye been slaughtered to prevent the spread of the 
disease." 

London limes, Nov., 1866: — ** There can be no longer 
a doubt about the formidable growth of the cattle plague, 
while the deaths from plague and pole-axe together, were 
only about 12,000. This gave a mortality of 700 a week 
upon an aggregate stock of horned cattle estimated at 7,- 
000,000, and it was.asked accordingly whether such a loss 
would justify the application of such a remedy as was 

Eroposed. Cost of the cattle plague to England : It has 
een estimated that the actual loss in money by the cattle 
plague has been $17,865,000. Of the cattle attacked by 
the pla^e 210,000 are dead, and at $60.00 each— for the 
old estimate at $50.00 a head does not adequately repre- 
sent the prices realized during the last few years — their 
value is $ J 2,600,000. The Government have slaughtered 
63,000 head, to prevent the spread of the disease; to these 
add a much greater number, say 100,000 animals, butcher- 
ed in an unripe state, making about half price at market ; 
that is 153,000 altogether, at $15 00 each, losing $4,690,000. 
Then 24,000 of the attacked recovered, while 11,000 are 
unaccounted for ; say that the decrease in value upon these 
was $16.00 a head on 45,000 animals, losing $675,- 
000 more." 1 shall now leave the reader a few 
moments to reflect upon the sad account we had from the 
London TimeSy of the cattle plague in England, and give 
a biicf account of the cattle plague in Holland. 

Brussels, December 14, 6Q. — The Belgian Moniteur pub- 
lishes the following particulars concernmg the cattle plague 
in Holland : — " The cattle plague appears to be making 
dreadful rtvages among the cattle in Holland. The num- 
ber of fatal cases do not cease to increase and if the pro- 
gress observed to have been made by the disease since 
November last continue, the losses of the Dutch farmers 
will soon exceed those of the English cattle owners, at the 
time when the plague was most violent. According to the 
official reports the number of cases among cattle were for 
the weeks ending November 3, 1,443; 10th, 1,561 ; 17th, 
1,696; 27th, 3,257 ; and December 4th, 7.162. The last 
number is more than double that which was recorded 
when the epidemic was at its w^orst in December, and 
everything tends to show that it does not indicate th« 



11 



greatest height of the disease. The eattle plague was 
especially virulent in the provinces of Utrecht and Southern 
and Northern Holland, but it has also shown itself in 
Friesland and Overyssel, and has latterly attacked many 
parishes of Guelderland and North Brabant. Belgium 
having such an extended and frequent relations with 
Netherlands is especially menaced by these circumstances. 
She will only succeed in keeping herself free from con- 
tagion by never for a moment relaxing the most rigbrous 
vigilance and circumspection. Let the reader only re- 
member, and add to the sad tale already told, the hun- 
dreds oi thousands died from the same cause in the United 
States, and other places not adjacent to us ; the spirit of 
inquiry should rap at the door •f reason, and ask : Whit 
is all this tor ? When Grod was about delivering the child- 
ren of. Israel irom Egyptian bondage, he sent his plagues 
in a similiar manner upon'their oppressions. See Exodus 
ix, 1, 6. Comment is useless," ^ 

The Grasshopper Scourge. — From the Marysville 
Enterprise^ 1867 : — "The Kansas farmers in Brown Cfounty 
and adjacent territory, appear to have been lately subject- 
ed to a plague similiar to those inflicted on Pharaoh. See 
Exodus X, 6, 6." , 

The Enterprise says : — "The obstinate grasshoppers ap- 
peared in countless numbers, covering a tract twelve miles 
m width, consuming almost all vegetation. They alight- 
ed upon fields, gardens, fruit trees, and everything green 
or eatable ; and like a marcii of two hundred and fifty army 
corps, devoured everything they touched. This whole 
country has been taken by them, and the rear guard is still 
with us, guarding what vegetables and green leaves the 
army has left. Farmers are seriously alarmed lest the 
corn will be totally destroyed." 

Reader, remember also, the sufiering at Red River in 
1868, through the plague of grasshoppers, and how they 
swept everything green in their path, in countless num- 
bers ; and how different is our situation, in the County 
of Huron in December 1868, when I am writing this book. 
Flour with us, is only worth four dollars and fifty cents 
per barrel, when at the same time at Fort Garry, flour is 
$S8.00. Reader, take my opinion for it, our time for suf- 
fering and affliction is at hand, and we shall not escape. 



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From the Weekly G/ofte?, of 66 :— *'Tbc barque "Faiz," 
has arrived from llong Kong. Fl'ty-two per cent, of thd 
British garrison at Hong Kong had died in nine months, 
from some new and strange disease." . • 

From the New York Tribmie, ol 66 :— *' The total num- 
ber of deaths from cholera in Paris, from its first appear- 
ance to the 80th of November, was six thousand and 
seventy-seven." . "^ 

From the London Times — Progress of cholera in Europe 
in 1865-6 : — *' The Registrar-General of England, in a sup- 
plement to his last weekly rejiort, has i>ublished a series 
of authentic official returns, recording some valuable intor- 
mation relating to this plague of the 19th century, in the 
cities and towns of Europe. The French returns show 
that in Paris the epidemic of 1865 reached its maximum* 
in October, in which month 4,663 deaths were recorded. 
In th« first six months of 1866, 69 deaths occurred, but in 
July the last month for which returns have been publish- 
ed, the deaths suddenly rose to 1,743. The proportional 
number of deaths by cholera to every 10.000 of the popul- 
ation of Paris in '65, was 39 ; in the first seven months of 
66, it was 11. In London the deaths by Cholera in '66 
were in the proportion of 18, in Liverpool, of 36 to 10,000 
lining. In Italy the epiaemic began in the 25th of June, 

1865, in the province of Tourin, and destroyed 12,901 
lives during that year, or to every 10,000 of the popula* 
tion h^dng in the 35 provinces, and the 349 communes that 
were attacked by cholera 35 deaths occurred. It appears 
that in Italy the town population lip j suffered less severe- 
ly than that of the country, the nmnber of deaths in 10,- 
000 li\'ing, being 38 in the former and 50 in the latter case. 
In Naples, 2,801 deaths are recorded in '65, out of 446,931 
inhabitants, being in theproportionof52 deaths by cholfera 
in every 10,000 living. In Vienna the returns, date from 
the llth of August to the lOth. of November 1866, the ratia 
was 61. In seven Belgian towns, comprising Antwerp', 
Brussels, Bruges, Ghent, Mons, Liege and Namur, no l6si» 
than 11,771 deaths occurred from May 1, to October 15 of 

1866, out of a population 'of 553,377, or the deaths by 
cholera were in the proportion of 186 to 10,000 hving. In 
Brussels the proportion was 164. In Holland 18,647 
deaiihs occurred in 1866. Taking 15 Dutch cities and 
towns including Axnsterdam, it appears that 8,872 deathi 



tia 



of 

\l 

47 
nd 
Ithi 



13 

by cholera were recorded in the five months irom June 
to October '66, being in the proportion of 107 deaths to 
every 10,000 hving. In Amsterdam the ratio was 42, while 
in Utrecht it was 271. Norway, it appears, has siillored 
but slightly from the epidemic in 1866, only 48 dcatiis out 
of 1,000,000. Progress of the Cholera. Fearful cholera 
panic at Madnd— five hundred deaths per day. The Lon- 
don Gazette s&ys, the number of deaths are over live hun- 
dred per day, and the population is under half a milHon ; 
this is a mortality more than 15 times that ot London at 
the present time, 1866. The consequence is that the 
population are leaving the capital in thousands. Indeed, 
so violent is the stampede that the people rush into the 
trains without taking their tickets, in fear that they may 
be lelt behind, and it has been found necessary to place 
troops at the railway stations in order to preserve order. 
The cholera has made greater ravages in the convents, and 
this is not surprising, for the nuns who die are buried be- 
neath the buildings, after haiang been laid out in the 
chapels for 36 hours. The Queen has been anxiously 
desirous of returning to Madrid, in order to restore the con- 
fidence of her panic-stricken subjects. But her Ministers, 
having regard to the fact that she is enciente, and the pol- 
itical complications that would arise should she lall 
a victim, have dissuaded her, and have thereby given oc- 
casion to the opposition journals to compare unfavourably 
to the former the conduct of Queen Isabella with that of 
Pedro V, of Portugal, who during the plague in Lisbon, 
visited the hospitals personally. The cholera has also 
spread to Portugal, having appeared in the town of Elvas, 
which is just beyond the Spanish frontier, and is about ten 
miles from Badajos. If, along with the foregoing, we 
take into account the cholera in this Province, Canada, 
and also in the United States, with many gther places, that 
has been visited by the same scourage. I think that por- 
tion of oiir Eedeemer's language, is having its fulfilment. 
See Matthew xxiv, 7. " And there shall be lamines, and 
pestilences, and earthquakes, in divers, or, different places." 
And those he gave, as tokens of his coming. 

From the New York Tribune : — "The Drought in Austra- 
lia. — At the departure of the last mail from Australia 
rains had fallen, aixd it was thought the drought was 
breaking up, but it still continued in extensive di&tricts. 

2 



t 



'"I 



#' 



v 



14 

The long absence of rain hgd affected even the fish ; they 
decline the bait, and it was almost impossible to capture- 
them. Slags and cormorants had come to the vicinity of 
the salmon ponds of Tasmania, and a few of the fish had 
been destroyed by them ; but a watch is kept in order that 
they may be shot as soon as they make their appearance. 
Commissioners were sent by the South Australian Govern- 
ment to examine into the Ft ate of the northermost runs in 
the district known as the Horse-shoe depression of early ex- 
plorers, described by them as the partly dried-up bed of an 
inland sea, out ol which neither man nor beast could pick 
a living, but into which since then squatters have found 
their way. The Commissioners went as far North as 
y udanamutana, 250 miles from Port Agusta, and they re- 
port that nearly all the vegetation fit for pasture is gone. 
It is nearly two years since there was sufficient rain to 
saturate the soil. The commissioners are persuaded that 
the following esiimate is rather below than above the lacts : 
— 236,152 sheep have perished out ol 827,706 since the 30th 
of September '64, to the s^me date in '65, and 28,850 head 
of horned cattle out of 53,355. The horse stock has alsa 
suffered severely, 903 out of 2,145 being reported lost. 
Those losses do not include last year,. (1864) increase of 
lambs and calves, lor, with some trifling exceptions not 
worthy of notice, all have perished. G-ood seasons can- 
not be relied on in this district of country, and in dry 
seasons it is not calculated to carry so much stock as has 
been placed upon it." . ; 

This leads me to direct the reader to the declaration of 
the Prophet Joel, chapter i. verse 18. " How do the beasts 
groan, the herds of cattle are perplexed, because they have 
no pasture ; yea the flocks of sheep are made desolate." 
"We wiU leave this branch of our subject, and proceed to 
the account of the Locust Plague. n 

(KfThe Thessally correspondent of the Levant Heralds 
writing from Larissa on the 16th December, '66, says: — 
We have escaped the cholera here, but we have incurred 
other calamities less terrible in appearance, but quite as 
disastrous to the population, and which have made a per- 
fect desert of one of the most fertile districts of the empire. 
The locusts, whose destestable presence we had to endure 
last summer and autumn, have d£voured all the wheat 




16 



as 



und ^ full half of tne other corn crops, except the maize, 
which fortunately has been spared. But for this the whole 
of Thessaly would have perished of famine. Wheat and 
maize form the greater part of the food of the people, and 
the failure of the other crops has raised maize to mere; than 
double its ordinary cost. Then, again, the locusts have 
destroyed the greater part of the tobacco crop, and what 
was left was destroyed by the peasants themselves m order 
to escape the tax, which they would have been utterly un- 
able to pay." Says the same authority. — " I have just re- 
ceived from the captain of the Tirailleurs Algercius, not 
quartered at Budah, a lettei entirely bearing on the plague 
of locusts, from which I extract the following paragraph : 
— 'Our poor little village of Budah was thrown yesterday 
intc> a frightful state of consternation. Our splendid orange 
groves had hitherto escaped this horrible scourage. Four 
days since the first column t)f locusts took possession of 
our lovely gardens. Yesterday (July 20, '66) they arrived 
in so dense a (rioud that the sun was darkened. In less 
than an hour the trees were literally covered by them. It 
is utterly impossible to convey an adequate idea of this 
plague. You see one day splendid gardens and luxuriant 
vegetation, the next day not a leaf or low blades of grass is 
left" 

From the Battle Creek Herald, of June 1866 : — " The 
plague of locusTs is causing sad devastation in Syria. In a 
recently received letter from Mrs. Bowen I'hompson, dated 
Beyront, June 23, '66, it is staled that the accounts from 
Hisbaya are lUost distressing. It is worthy of remark that 
when the plague visited the country last year, the Chris- 
tians exerted themselves to destroy the locusts and their 
eggs ; but tlie Mohammedans, who looked upon the locust 
a'" a great delivery, caught and ate them. The cholera has 
everywhere m the East followed in the train of the locusts, 
and the proportion of Mohammedans to Christians who 
have succumbed to the disease is beyond compare. A 
letter from a native of Hisbaga says that the locusts cover 
the whole land, and enter the houses as they have never 
done before. They have eaten up all the herbs, leaving 
nothing, and Hisbaya looks like a desert." 

From the London Free Presa of July, 1866 : — The Holy 
Land is again visited this year with a plague of locusts. 
A letter in a Manchester paper says : — ' The valley of Urtas 



t 



^^ I 






IG 



was first attacked and has now become a desolate wild?r- 
nesrs. The olive yards of Bethleham, Beitjalah and Jeru- 
sal«in were covered until the trees became a dull red color. 
They are now barked white. But yesterday (June 2,) will 
be a day long remembered. From early morning till near 
night the locusts passed over the city in countless hosts, as 
though all the swarms in the world were let loose, and the 
whirl of their wings was as the sound of chariots. At times 
they appeared in the air like some great snow-drift, obscur- 
ing the sun, and casting*a shadow upon the earth. Men 
stood in the streets and looked up, and their faces gathered 
blackness. At intervals those which were tired or hungry 
descended on the little gardens in the city, and in an in- 
cred'dbly short time all that was green disappeared. They 
rail np llie walls, they sought every blade of grass or weed 
growing between the stones, and after eating to satisfy, 
they yalhered in their ranks along the ground or on the 
tops ot the houses. It is no marvel that as Pharaoh looked 
at them he called them this death. See Exodus the x, 4,5, 
verses. To-day (June 2) the locusts still continue their 
work of destruction. One locust has been found near 
Lethleliem measuring more than five inches in length ; it 
is covered with a hard shell, and has a tail like a scor- 



55 



pion 

I am now done with this chapter of plagues ; and at 
least, it looks to the writer that they are one ot the sure 
tokens ol the near approach of Christ to Judgment. 

The '* Signs of the Times," your attention now call ; 
Spurn not what is said as unworthy a thought, 
Perchance you are wrong in some things you've been taught ; 
If thus, il will do you no good so to be, 
So come, let us " search," that the truth we may see, 
For things of great moment, on this may depend, 
As great and momentous, as tliose they portend ; 
Then let us be sober, that truth may be known ; 
Tie that what it may, or by whom it may be shown. 
The twenty-fourth chapter of Matthew you^re told, 
Has meaning, no mortal can ever unfold, 
Which makes you conclude that the Lord will not come, 
For many a year, to receive his " Bride" home. 
We nowhere are taught, that the year '11 be concealed, 
Should tho '"day" and the ''hour," be never revealed ; 
So do not, my friend, with the ** false prophet" say, 
"My Lord, .loth his coming, a long time delay. 
. The "tig tree ' is budding, the " summer" is nigh, " • 

<j()d's Iierald'a arc sounding, the measage be ** nigh," 




17 



And noon, he will " tarry" no longer for us ; 
Though "tarried" he has, and the ocripturos say thus : 
But soon, when our faith tried enough shall have been, 
The ivicked, have filled up their " measure of sin," 
And when the "five virgins," that helped swell the " cry," 
With zeal very ardent, and voice very high. 
Have been " scoffed" from the field, and repose from the toil, 
Till the "Bride-groom" shall tarry too long for their " oil" ; 
Then, most surely he'll come, and the "Bride" will receivt, 
And the scoffer, and sleeper, on earth he will "leave ;" 
It is then, that they'll " call," but the " harvest" is past," 
The "summer is ended," and tkeir souls lost at last. 



CHAPTER III. 



0^ C^\^*^. 

Is this the ninteenth century ? Is this the eighteen hundred 
and sixty-sixth anniversary of the inauguration of the Christ- 
ian era, and of Him who was to bring *' peace on earth and 
good will toward men ?'' This saith the Battle Creek 
Herald^ oi 1866 : — " Has our boasted civilization an^ our 
religion, after all, resulted in what we see around us ? Five- 
tenths of the professed Christian world in open war, or, 
breathlessly awaiting the dread moment when * Red 
Battle' shall stamp his foot ? Have all our improvements 
in locomotion, iu transmission of intelligence, production 
and exchange of commodities, only resulted iu giving con- 
centration, strength, and deadly effect to the worst and 
mv>st malignant passions and faults of our nature ? So it 
would setm. We repeat it, nine-tenths of the so-called 
Christian world are in arms, or may, at any moment, be en- 
gaged in deadly strile. Not two jears have elapsed since 
the dominating nation of the Western World closed the 
most terrific and bloody contest known in the annals of 
mankind, li o w stand her neighbors on this continent now ? 
Canada feverish and unsettled, after the first onset of a 
subtle and persistent foe ; few years since we had neither 
volunteers and but few soldiers. Truly, the question might 
well be propounded, what is all this drilling and prepera- 
tion for if not preparing for Armageddon ? Mexico, 'the 
theatre of a prolonged and implacable struggle ; Chili, Peru, 
Bolivia and Equador struggling against a monarchical 
enemy ; Brazil, with the Argentine Kepublic, and Buanos 
Ayres in an unequel contest against Paraguay ; Jamaica 
still smelling slaughter; the embers of revolution not yet 



. I 



rs- 



18 

cold in Hayti and San Domingo, hi Europe, Austria, witli 
all lier dependencies and her sympathizers in the Germanic 
Confederation, arrayed against Prussia and Italy; France 
silently arming in view oi" eventualities appar<int to every 
mind ; Russia and Turkey confronting each other in the 
principalities and ihreateni ng a conflict that must drag Eng- 
land into another war, which may re-light the fires of in- 
surrection in India ; Ireland under military rule, and heav- 
ing with revolution ; Spain also in arms, and no one can 
say as yet, what the end will be. Are all these omens, 
thv se throes, these prospective and actual conflicts, portents 
of " Armageddon ?" Can Christian, philosopher, or States- 
man reconcile all these conditions and fearful actualities 
with the theory or principles of religion and civilization ? 
Are these teims only empty and cant phrases for bad men 
and charlatans to play and juggle with ? Can this really 
be the nineteenth century ? Is this the fruition of the gos- 
pel preach'd on the Mount ? Or are we, in spite of its in- 
structions and injunctions, savages as before, with only im- 
provAi facilities for murder." 

DiTORCE IN Massachusetts. — From the New York 
Herald: — -'About 1,600 divorces have been decreed in 
Massachusetts in six years, of which 584 were for desertion, 
553 for criminality, 132 for cruelty, and 42 from other 
causes. It is known that 1,316 were decreed in the five 
yea.-s that ended in May 18()6. And at the same rate dur- 
ing the last eleven months, it may be assumed that the 
grand total is not far from 1,600." 

From the Weekly Globe. — ^' Lives lost by the American 
Rebellion : — The War Department computes the number 
of deaths in the Union Armies, since the commencement 
of the war at 250,000, and of the Southern soldiers, at least 
225j000, making in all 525,000 lives that have been lost to 
save a few Niggers." 

;•.,; V '.; Six thousand years are nearly past, 

• i^ ir.i :• ■ Since Adam from thy sight was cast ; * >, 

. ' , ^^, . And ever since the fallen race, , 

' ^ '■ i From age to age are void of grace. , 

From the New York Tribune : — " Crime has enormously 
increased in Washington since the reduction of the army. 
The police arrests last quarter numbered 9,122, aa increase 
of over 3,000 beyond any previous fourth of a year. Plun- 
der and robbery are the chief oflTences." 



19^ 



From the London Tinus : — ** Out of 53,835 children born 
in Paris during 1865, 88,967 were legitimate, and 11,808 
illegitimate. Talk of converting the far off Heathen.'"* 
The writer of this book wants you first to commence at 
home. From the last authority : — " Curious Statistics. — • 
Some strange statistics of matrimonial life«in Paris have 
just made their appearance During the p^ist twelve months 
of 1866, 2,344 wives have fled the conjugal roof without 
leaving their future address ; of husbands who have done 
likewise there are 4,427 ; of married couples legally 
separated (not divorced), there are 7,115 ; of ditto who 
have agreed to live apart, 5,340 ; of* husbands and wives 
living at daggers drawn, 31,912 ; of happy couples, 54; of 
mutually indifferent, 61,430. These facts are ascertained 
from the spies employed by the police, and the complete- 
ness of the espionage thus exercised is illustrated by a case 
stated in a Paris letter. A pastor had some doubts of an Eng- 
lish family lately settled in his parish, and who had borrow- 
ed $%CK) irom him I'he pastor being on intimate terms 
with a che/de devision at the prefecture of police, stated the 
case. The chef inquired the name and address, rang a 
bell, desired his clerk to bring him Rdgiater C., and 
under that letter the proceedings of the family during 
two years' residence in the country parts of France were 
accurately recorded. Nought was set down in malice, but 
every fact connected with them carefully inserted in the 
register." 

From the Weekly Globe : — " There are 34 gaols in Up' 
per Canada and 20 in Lower Canada. Their inmates for 
'66 are reported as follows: •♦ 

U. C. L. C. 

Men, 5,962 3,67L 

Women, I,d85 2,744. 

Boys under 16, 311 257. 

Girls do 103 83. 



: • • Total, 6,361 6,655. 

This table shows a different result from that obtained by- 
classifying the inmates of the Penitentiary in a similar way. 
Though Upper Canada sends by far the larger proportion 
of convicts to the Penitentiary, she does not send so many 
to the common gaols as does the less pupulous Province of 






to 

Lower Canada. The gaol of Montreal is crediled with nearly 
two-thirds of the prisoners committed in all Lower Canada* 
No less than 1 ,938 men, 1,891 women, 166 boys, and 51 
girli — total 4,036— were imprisoned at Montreal during 
%6. Of the 13,016 prisoners reported from all the ^aols iu 
both Provinces, only 7,265 were suffering their hrst im- 
prisonment.'' 

New York Daily Ilera/dy Jan. 1860, says :—" Although 
prepared for an unusually extensive budget of criminal 
Btatigtics, we confess that we are astonished, and startled 
ht many of the revelations contained in the document. It 
appears that the number of arrests for offences of all grades, 
amounted to the enormous number of 68,873, or about 14,000 
more than the previous year. Crimes of violence toward 
the person hare increased in a still greater ratio, the total 
number being 995, against 620, in 1865. The report shows 
that there are 1,200 * daughters of perdition' in the concert 
saloons, and that there exists in this city and Brooklvn the 
fearful number of 10,000 places where intoxicating drinks 
are sold, over 8,000 of which are unlicensed. The License 
law and the Excise law are nearly inoperative. Bad 
and dangerous as the tenement houses are for habitation, 
it appears there are others which are worse. In one pre- 
cinct there are 60 places, or dens, where the wretched 
poor, the criminals and depraved lesort to lodge, paying 
I'rom ten to fifteen cents per night for miserable accom- 
modation. The places are chiefly in cellars, with naked 
stone or brick walls, damp and decayed floor», without 
beds or bedding fit for human beings. These dens are 
filthy beyond description, overflowing with vermin and in- 
fested by rats. In these hideous places are packed nighlly 
an average of 600 persons — men, women and children — 
white and black sleeping promiscuously together, with- 
out regard to family relation, and exhibiting less of the im- 
pulses of decency than the brute creation. They consist of 
drunken wretches, male and female, beggars, rag-pickers* 
of the poorest sort, sneak thieves, juvenile pimps, ragged 
and drunken prostitute s, and others of the same vile class. 
In the course of this revolting record of crime, vice and 
immortality, we observe the statement, that certain laws 
and ordinances are not enforced because the justices are 
dependent for their places upon the very offenders they are 
called upon to punish." 



I 



.81 

From tho Buttle Cre«k 77<Trt/d ol'lSJie:— "In Brooklyn, 
the 'city ofchurcheu/ there are over two thousand drink- 
ini^' shooH, or about ten tiines as many as there are houses 
of worsnip. The cities contain 10,000 open haunts, in 
^vhich rich men are ma4e poor, sober mt*n made 
drunkerds, happy families made wretched, and ruined. 
Two-thirds ot all the rioting, harlotrjr, theft and pauperism 
ot these twin cities issue directly irom these dram-shops. 
During the war, many of them were nests of disloyalty. 
In each of these places — where death is dealt out by 
measure— there is an average daily expenditure often dol- 
lars lor strong drink. This gives a total expenditure of 
^100,000 a dqy, of 700,000 a week, and of 35,000,000 of dol- 
lars a year This statement is so frightful that it seems in- 
credible, yet it is rather under than above the actual facts. 
One of the Metropolitan Police Commissioners informs mo 
that ten dollars a day. is a moderate estimate of the average 
sales of each dram-shop in the ix)lice district. Here, then, 
i8'moi;e money expended in the purchase of liquid poison 
than is employed in sustaining all the churches, all the 
public schools, and all the charitable institutions of both 
♦he cities." 

.Tudge Capron, of New York, in a recent charge to the 
Grand Jury, thus speaks of crime and drunkenness 
in that city : — '* 1 would urgently solicit the particular at- 
tention of the Grand Jury' to the law relating to the sale 
of intoxicating liquors. The retail of this article without 
license in this city, is a crime punishable by fine and im- 
prisonment. Ten thousand dram-shoi)s are at this moment 
occupied for that illegal traffic in this metropolis. The 
deluded A'ictims of the illicit trade are reeling around us 
like spectres, to haunt the mercenary authors of their 
ruin, invoking from the cells of iheir gloomy prisons, im- 
precations loud and just against that i)artial administration 
of the law which consigned them to degradation and sor- 
row, but permit their destroyers to revel in luxurious 
pleasure, and even rewards them with official honors. 
During this year 342 convicts have been recorded in the 
Court of General Sessions ot this city, and 4,215 in tne 
Court of Special Sessions. In the aetme time there have 
been 138 acquittals in the former Court, and 694 in the lat- 
ter. Of all these persons it is satisfactorily ascertained 
that only 94 were sober when the subject matter of the 

3 






I 



22 

,1 accitsatiotis otcurrffl, and all biit 151 Ware: bitbitnalfy iit- 
temperate. Mow ihtin one-half ol' this laultitttilc were the 
•^ victiitts of w^lid poverty, and thtnr crimt\s t\crre induced 
I! by re^ I want 'GentIeri*0n, ift riew erf' thc«e statistics let 
•me iiimiirt; How shall the Wretchod^ irtet)ii4tes amon<(u» 
.' be reclaimed from their def>Tadatic>n and eletat«?d to the 
i dignity of men at*d woiften ? How shiiU th(y humble Hut 
. Tesjiectable poor, who are? accustomed to- driwb, better their 
. tjoiidition ? Cati it be done \ry all th« elfbrts ol persuasiion! 
> and beiieToleiKie whik) dram-shops allure them ori eVeiy 

- haml? while- the heartless proi^ietors ame permittecl 
J with impunity to deal otit poisonous mixtures under the 

false warae of rum, brandy, or vrhiiikcy, and clutclr their 

- scanty vrajres, thus robWna^ th^fm of food iitid Mmcnt and 
shelter? No, the temporizing politicalf economist may 
dissemble on this subject^ the cold moralist maiy query, and 
the flash theorist may cavil, but neveTthelesB 'truth i» 
mighty, and will preyail.' You can remote excessive 

J dram-arinking" only by removing the cause ; to do Ihatyou 
• must close the dram-shops, where the jwison is sold. And 
in tho. present state of the law on thi» subjeitft, to» dose 
those ente-chambers ol prisons, alms-houses, alifd asylums, 
you must when complaints are properly before you indict 
the v<3Tiders of those poisonous mixtures that, craije the 
brain, and burn up the vitals ol the drunkard. Tliis is the 
only remedy lor the evil that tliie law now . g^ffords, and 
this remedy does exist. 1 am aware of .the f^'ct. th^t sincer 
parts of (he Prohibitory Law were decidtj tp, j)e uncoil' 
titutional by the mere majority vote of the Court of Ap- 
peals, but which are still held to be otherwise by a !arge 
number of the very soundest jurist of this State and^tiation, 
"^^the suggestion that no law exists in this State a^gainst the 
free sale of intoxicating liquors has obtained advocates ; 
but it is a clear proposition that no such conseqijence can 
possibly follow^ Irom that decision. There is a law on tnc 
subject of such sales, and the ohly seng^ible inquiry is : 
What is the law^ ? This is not the appropriate place ta 
submi't an elaborated argument on this question, but I 
feel no reluctance to assume all the responsibihties of my 
position for this expression of opinion, that the lUilicenscd 
sale is now a misdemeanor." , , f, ^, (..i ,,,,.,.> < 

,,..,,, J., There wsub hard timoB before, ii> the days of the flood, 
„ J When nothing was done but the uliedduig of blaod ; 
'-• • "" When righteous old Noali, went into his boat ; "*' 



Toil) 




f^.u 



Mif! 'Are oaoogh far its ^oe, full enough for its cheer. .v»v*!""» n: 

^ COw^fJMPTKiN m Toiuooa in EtTiU^PK.— In the Citv 
orHaitthtttg, Gerraaiiy, tli^: inanwlactiire of tobacco gi\ A 
employiaeiiifc to mdiv iihaii 10,000 persons, who turn out 
160,000,000 ci^ixr^ in a ye^v, xnlued al $3,000,000. Fi-om 
Havanab ivnd Manila, Hamburg imports 1 8,000,000 cigars 
;j year, niakina' aw agj»reg;a4;e includiiig its own pro<luc- 
tion of ]e0,<?)06,000 ciffars, 153,000,000 of which are ex- 
portr>d, leaving 15.OD0;4)0O for home consumption, alio w- 
jng 40,000 cigai-H a, day to an adulit male popnktion of 
45,000. In I'>glahd, with a pdplilatioii 0^21,000,000, m 
1821, t4if> coiiRumpti^n ot t<lbacco wa« 15,598,152 p<)Tind:; 
nn ar<*ragf» of 1'2 ounces por head for the entir(»poj*ulation ; 
in 1881, \Vith a population of ^4,410,439, the consump- 
tioii roActied 1S;,583,84 1 pounds, or 13 ounces per head ; 
and irt C841^' with a ])opulation of 87,019,073, the consump- 
tion wafe 22,309,860 pounds, or 4HJ oumies per head ; and 
in 1851, with a i>opTllalk>n bf 27,452,6flf2, the con- 
sumption Wai^ aSjOfi^jMl pounds, or 17 ottu'ces bttobacco 
per heaid, sho\<'ing a steady iii<^r«^se. In France, the cbtt- 
sumpti<^tt id 18| ounces |»^t head. 4 n Denmark, it is 70 
otinces i>er head ; and in Turkey tiie consumption is evert 
greats*?. ' Endtigh of tobaccd in smbked to keep every 
poor man in the world well oft", and ^'et, is smobxl in the 
air. Uhrisdans at least should not do t&s, or give their coub' 
teftance to such a wicked crim«^. -'^l '''•^' '^^ • .v:i;ui; . //} 

.b-J):- '■ // . ■ ■■ • ■■• ■ ' '.' t ■ Hcil r.-t'<h 

>loot JI"W.vaij*tiiedeJusiuu, tluM- «vbiliByi«» 4eiay, ,-,,,7 ._>^jj fjj 

YbUr Ueaftft may grow bett«r, \>y staying hWAy ; ^ ^^ ; , 

'^f ; iiame wretched, come starvinj^, come just dijyottw, * '1 

I'lFH While^Btreams of galvatiou, areliwwin^sofi-ee. ' /l/''> 

"From the Weekly fif/oifi, d>»1866 :-*' The unusual stale- 
meiit of crimes and disasiters during the last six months 
lias b«en often remarked, and it seems the subject is now 
about ripe lor conclusions 9!' figures. That the public have 
noticed so , large an increase in this fatal species of home 
produeiiou may be sensjbly attiibutwl to the lapse of a 
great war, and the revolution and recpil. of the passions 
which it al^sorbeid.'' If"' some h^ve been skeptical as to 
the extent -of individual outbreaks on society, it hus 
been .lor ^yaut Qf «tatistic^, and partly because, crjme, ^^vhich 






■■i» 



■IP 



24 



has doubled so much in catastrophe of late, has been for- 
gotten in other mistortunes, of which the last half year 
has been full Regular murders has almost found obhvion 
in railway disasters. But every chord of suffering life 
seems lo liave been stricken, and we have heartl of a host 
of nondescript assaults upon the * house of life,' beside 
homicid43, marncide, parricide, matricide, suicide, infan- 
ticide, familicide, patricide, attempted, hardly paus- 
ing at cosmieide, which we interpret to be a violent 
taking of life in honor of the journal which has made the 
greatest display of murders. Kailwa^' (slaughter renders 
necessary an addition to the vocabulary, and we have it to 
hand, namely, viatricide, or murder oi the traveller. Al- 
together, here is an interesting field of en(jmry for our 
Kennedys and DeBows. The entire estmiate of the 
capital crimes committed in the United States in the last 
six months, it is doubtless impossible to give ; but from 
April to October, 96 murders are counted from metro* 
pohtan files, exclusive of 12 manifest homicides amd half 
a dozen assassinations by indians and guerilies, twenty- 
five murderous attempts are recorded, 9 cases of wife- 
murder, and 7 of attempted wife-murder, which seems 
to have been a terrible speciality with male criminals in 
New York and New Jersey, in contrast with this there 
appears to have been but two husband murders. Ei^ht 
instances of famihcide, or murder of a family, includmg 
three persons, make the most shocking feature of the 
category. J^our fratricides, two parricides and matricides, 
two double and two quadruple murders, eight mfaut mur- 
ders, half of which were cases of abortion, were recorded. 
In the West and South-west three Lynch Law trials took 
place. Singularly, amid all this excess of life taking, we 
only find 8§ suicides. The great mass of murders and 
crime generally were perpeypated between June and Sep- 
tember, viz: 15 in June, 21 m July, 20 in August, and 26 
in September. Ihe last month vras by far the most fatal 
with respect to railroad accidents, although it was suppos- 
ed that had its climax in the previous summer months. 
We conjecture that about 150 persons have lost their 
lives by criminal hands, not remarking those who have 
perished by the railway juggernaut. Eccentricity and 
monstrosity seem to have been prodigal in the chapter of 
the criminal calendar just closed. Of extraordinary cases 
in America, most all of which seem to have Ibeen brute 



25 



outrages ol a multiple kind, may be mentiouetl, the Joyce 
tragedy in Roxbury, Mass. ; the double murder at Surn- 
merville, Pa. ; the lamilicide in Tennessee ; th«^ wholesale 
execution of Judge Wright and his four sons in Missouri, 
and the Stork weather family murder. But the great 
crimes of Europe have far exceeded all these in general 
wonder and mystery, and it is seldom that a grouping of 
such strange elements are tound together in the social 
history. In systematic wickedness and depth of motive, 
the5r show a tar older experience than American crime, — 
inteiJect, science, a sort ot philosophy, and ^ven religion, 
were sunk in the plot and women in the deed, with the 
ispirit of a young Lady Macbeth, a Fosco, a Thenardier. — 
How Constance Kent, a child of 13, came to put a way her 
brother, is still a study ; Dr. Pritchard, a medical reviewer, 
daily resumed the patient task ot killing his wife by slow 
}x>ison ; Mrs. "Winsor kept a hospital f6r infanticide ; 
{Southey murdered the children ot his mistress with a 
parade of Malthusian philosophy, for tear that they would 
atarve, omillih^, of course, to kill himself ; and a Swedish 
Priest ix)isoned a dozen ot his parishioners with the sacra- 
ment, out of pity for their wretchedness. Crime of this 
complex characto»r seems weird, aj^paling, and extrava- 
gant beyond expression. Of the proportion of crimes in 
general it is scarcely possible to arrive at conclusions ; 
but it should be remarked that twenty cases ot nameless 
outrage — a class ot crime which seldom invites rc^cord— 
were printed in the last six months. Curious and mon- 
fitrous among other fiagnmcies were the placing of torjie- 
does on a railroad, an attempt to throw a tram off the 
track ; the burning of three houses by a girl fourteen 
years old ; four highway robberies by a boy of eleven 
years of age ; highway robbery by a politician ; a mail 
robbery by a post-master, and tHe malign biting off of 
noses. Let the reader add to these the publication of ob- 
scene books and papers, and the defacing of natural 
scenery, several cases of which came under the law. An 
ex-Con^ressman was also convicted of subornation of per- 
jury. Large operations of robbery appear to have been 
in proportion to other crime. The succession of several 
robberies of banks witnin a short time, and the apparent 
ease with which they have been robbed, have already 
cftlled forth w^ords of caution from the public journals 
against a state of financial insecuritv. The foUo\^ inir 



?l»va 



26 



gXaftemoni of hmk md Mildred rohhcries alone wiil &Uow 
that this wai,wiii:t»- was wot without . rcvi^on ot facts ir— 
iauuary, '^6^ liauk of Crawtord, fe^^^ioO^OOOi ; Marcli, 
JSatioual Ojiiral, N. Y ,|5p,0OO ; Banking fipu^,JtJlaAd «, 
LouisriJlt^, ^iiO.OOO ; M^y, Baak Walpol^, K, H.< H^OQQ,- 
June, Bank Wellington, O, $100,000; August, Banking- 
Mouse, Poiilaiml, 1^:^5,000 ; September, Bank Concord, 
{ii300,000 4 September, Treasury, Texas, $30^1)00; Sept., 
Adams' Ef;pres6, $25,000 ; this comprehend*, only roboerr 
ies commuted by outside parties, and. we canj^iqt pretea4 
to say the [i&i is complete. A few of the robberies ^ei;^^ 
vary remarkabli>, in the instance ot the Crawford B«nk 
^evidently a worked-up ri)bl>ery), il seems tljat wl^iiie.the 
cashier was at work u. the evening- ijwj thief eiUereid. ^3;-^ 
tinguishexl the «;us,and iiia4e awa^^ wiifi the bonds befow^ 
any lij^ht could be obtained. Mr. Bland, of Louisvilh?, 
was imprisonexl in his own sate, and nearly jwiHoca^ed tu 
death. Th« Concord Bank rob beyy is recent, aiwl wtdi 
known. A list of Bank robberies would not be pouQple;trt 
without a statement of the immense ^defalcations, and 
swindles of the past six months, which liav'Cjassaiied^ t^^ei 
salety of banks from within as l^nrglarsiromAyitho^tfrr 
we append a genuine list ;'-May, iian)>:. New tiayen, 
Havhigs, $100,000; August, Bank Pht^nix, (Jenkms') 
250,000; August, Banks, &;c. New York, (Ketchum's) 
$4,000,000; August, Krie Kailroad bonds, (Jones?) $5 00,^ 
000 ; August, Custom >louse, Memphis reported, $,l,ii50,- 
000 ; Augwjt, Quartermaster at Paducuh, by a clej^^ .*i2A,- 
000 ; September, Govenunent bonds, Bliss, N, X.,$3(i,- 
600 ; September, llevenueCollecior,Ohio, deiauitei*,.%90r 
000 ; ^September, Auerbach swindle, lrf)uisviJi<e, $^0,- 
000 ; September, Jvailroad bond forgeries, ({jia^wjq) $^04,- 
000; September, by a New York book-l^eeper, $10,OQO ; 
October, Uovernment bonds by General Bristow:, Lyiich' 
burg, $80,000 ; this iisl does not include the alleged pay- 
master frauds, navy-yard frauds, and olliciqi corruptions ol 
which the papers have been full It must not be omitted, 
however, that a State Treasurer of Ohio, was removed 
I'roin office on charge of heavy embezzlements. 01 im« 
l)ortant operations in the proiesswnalline m^y be mention- 
ed the robbery of Mr. Veazie, at Albany, .of $11,000 ; that 
ot $35,000 from an Indiana iarmer ; $48,000 at Cbatta: 
nooga ; the $20,000 burglary at Detroit, and the $50,0^ 
at Philadelphia. Forgeries have also been very^ numer: 




iOW 






ST 

mis and extonsive, h(\i it is, of couigo, impossible to givn- 
statistics; aiid, kind reader, it I was to enlarge on this 
chapter oh ciimes, as I might go from village to village, 
from town. to town, city to city, country to country, lilt 
up the screen that hides the enoaimous wickedness, and 
.show at a glance the crimes of the earth, I should fain 
hope th^t you, would not pervert yoair understanding, and 
say as anitmber of our professors do : — " That the world 
is getting' better, and nearei conversion ; whereas, the 
truth is, that evil men and seducers shall wax worse and 
worse.'*" See 1st Timothy, iv, 1 ; 3ud Timothy, iii, \o ; 

7 '?; K J n r Behoid, on flying clouds h» comes, ,.,-.:,. :. . \., '4y,-,i^ 

',»;*.',. I Hiu 8aiut3 shall blesa the day : ,i -, 

-^Hc' '\. While they that nierc'cl him sidly Moiirn/.'* ' -""^' ' * ^'^ 
vfn7/0,lii„anguf8lxartd dismay. '■' ' '^ -^ ""' *'< 

.out ,'ii[Thcn hftste tfee», O haste thee, whilst yet 'tis 'to-dayV <> 
■■ffd iijii Wc 'know' that the 'vision' cannot long delay ; , ^m*^/ 

ill V) f^oon, Daniel will stand in * his lot' witli the blest, ^' ,^ 
' /| , • And yoH, it you're sav'd will he sav'd with the lest, * • 

a HJ iJ (ff^^Q ^y LoM, thy Wright maintain, ' • f'-V'>- 

■'iUllitlll-'jtnd take thy throne, and on it reign ^ "* ; >ii<Si si i? ?«-r 
l)''4ni< ; Then earth aliall' bloom again ; fl :) "U'tv.n 'i^ifiwi r>; 

•.♦tOlIv/ .rOh come, come away nfi >.i)i.,iUfi'; lo ^bv/of) if.iil 

; ^ And end dss day appearing ; 

''>' ,,'y '•"^liVway from home ; no more we roam, O conte, come away f 
nOil /'i' 'With sweetest notes of sympathy, , 

f 1 1 ifR.'n J fWe pray and pmise in harmony, - 'j .v 1 ; j ) <.f#f 

I'f'V nf: 1 ove makes our unity, O come, come away. ^.r,. .., ,r^,..» 

- n I shall not trouble the induJgeut reader any further with 
this .chapter, but will turn to the chapter on Famine, which 
will not contain but a mere sketch of what has taken 
place the last three years; and you have my word for it, 
and watch it, lor my serious comiction is, that the next 
three yaars will tell a sad tale of fiimine, pestilence and 
war, with crime, &;g« 



CHAPTER IV. 



MX, ivl Uii u 






. . f . 



■Hihn4 yiH -"jnuli 

'' The famine in British India; awful scenes of suffering 
and death. The London Times has the following from 
Calcutta, August 3, '6(5 :— " The mortality continues to be 



1 ( i 









I' I 

I"! 



23 



iVightrul ; ill lour villages which an Englishman risitecl, 
there were not ten houses that did not contain one o: more 
dead Txxlies, in another small place there were between 
four and five hundred dead, most of them unburied. 
The truth appears to he that the boasted administrative 
machinery of the Indian Governmetit has completely 
broken down ; plenty ot food has been bought, but some- 
how or other it does not reach the stardng ; ships laden 
with rice are unable to discharg-e their cargoes for want 
of boats. Much of the misery is attributed to the &ct that 
the authorities have given orders that only eight annas' 
worth of rice shall be sold to ojie person at a time. 
'Every day,' writes a correspondent, * there were hun- 
dreds of people coming and laying do'^u their money, 
prostrating themselves on their faces and hands, begging 
to })uy rice ; but the relieving officers cannot sell it, owing 
to the orders they have received,' In Calcutta alone, 200.- 
UOO persons arc subsisting on native charity, which has 
proved far more effective than the organization of the 
govennnent. The news trom the famine districts in Ben- 
gal continues to be very distressing, and was beginning 
to make itself felt in the streets of Calcutta, It is stated 
that crowds of sufferers from the Nudda division, where 
the failure of the crops has deprived them of food, are 
finding their way into the metropolis in the hope of ob- 
taining assistance and sustenance, and the streets now 
present very distre^-sing pictures of suffering hurianity. 
Fathers and mothers in a dreadful state of debility are sell- 
ing their emaciated offspring to passers by for 8 to 4 shil- 
lings each, and, are seen searching for a few grains of food 
among the ofial cast out at our doors. fhe rind and 
stones ot mangoes are eagerly caught up and sucked, in 
the vain hope of sustaining life a little longer thereby, and 
such refuse as a dog would reject is eagerly devoured. 
Crime has ot course increased in consequence of this in- 
flux of men driven to desperation by hunger, and there is 
A melancholy crop of thefts and burglaries. The famine 
is very sorfe in Orrissa ; in the fifteen districts affected, but 
chiefly in the three districts of Orrissa, and the adjoining 
country of Midnapore, 75,000 are daily fed by public charity; 
if you double that for the numbers fed privately, and chiefly 
by Hindoos, you wall be still within the truth. Out of Or- 
rissa and Midnapore half of the destitute are professional 
beggars; in these provinces nearly all are the laboring 



29 



■» 



food 
and 

I, in 
and 



ns in- 
ire is 

Imine 
but 

lining 

laritv; 
liefiy 
)fOr- 



)nng 



poor, and tho lower class of agriculturists. The larm}st 
number ot deaths from starvation in Orrissa and Midna- 
pore reported in one week, is 3,500, and in the Southal 
counirv some less. The average number of deaths report- 
ed to the authorities durin<^ the past six weeks in those 
districts, is not less than 2,500 a week ; add to these the 
deaths witnessed by no human eye in the far interior, 
where aid is never penetrated, and you will have by no 
means an exaggerated idea oi the state of Orrissa and Mid* 
napore. Says the writer, I will not harrow the feelings 
of your readers by the details of cases which appear in the 
dally papers here, reported by eye witnesses of the jackals 
eating the corj)se of one wretch while they Wait for his 
companion who is dying, or of the child taken from the 
breast of its mother, wno has been dead two days. We 
know still less of the state of Ganggam, the Madras district 
immediately to the South of Orrissa The Famine began 
in October last, it became so ^rievious by December, that 
gold, silver and b^rass-work sold at twenty per cent below 
the usual rates, and the magistrate of rooree iirged the 
establishment of a relief fund and public works as well as 
the revival of the salt manufacture. The December crop 
was saved by the rain, but it was so scanty, and the peas- 
antry had to give so much of it to the landlords and 
money-lenders in repayment of advances, that by the 
middle of B''ebruary prices again fell to the level of starva- 
tion, rice got to one sliillin^ lor five pounds. The people 
managed to struggle on, till by the beginning of Aprii 
they had exhausted their stores, and from the first week of 
that month, when the missionaries and the ma^strates 
appealed for public assistance, the famine in Orrissa and 
Gangam daces. The public began to subscribe, when it 
was remembered that there was an unspent balance of 
0312,500 ot the North-west Famine Fjind. Government 
at once gave up that sum to the Board of Revenue, which 
was guilty of the incredible foliy of informing the public 
that no more subscriptions would be necessary. The 
Chamber of Commerce informed the Bengal Government 
that they wished to form a great central committee, but 
tiiey were politely snubbed. The necessity ior importing 
rice into Orrissa was urged ; for a month the board refused 
to *e© the necessity of interfering with private trade. 
Where, all this time was the local authority, the Lieuten- 
ant Governor? In the hills of Dargeerling, with all the 












30 



jieadsof deparlments, except the board I'rom which h<i 
was seimrated by ^ three days' post. Sir Cecil Beadon 
had himself been m Orrissa a few mouths before, when 
he told the people the laud tax would be raised at the new 
assessment ; and of course he had not seen any iamino then. 
Why should he be disturbi^d in his cool retrrat ? The 
Governor General ordered him down to the post c ' duty, 
and with the first showers of rain he entered Calcutta. — 
He has since presided weekly at the uieeting of the board, 
with which our native Zemindar and one English mer- 
chant have been associated. Kice has been sent down in 
large quantities, the government of India having ad- 
vanced $1000,000 for the purpose ; but still the tK>ard 
says no subscriptions are wanted, when 2,500 are dyiug 
every week. On a surf-beaten coast in the height of the 
monsoon it is difficult to unload rice, and much has been 
lost ; but no supply of labor has been sent to carry the 
rice into the interior for the dying, and to-day's telegram 
reports the price at Cuttack, on the 3l8t of July, '66, as 
still under five pounds for a shilling, while the showers are 
so partial as to be insufficient fur the crops. What must 
be the state of thin^ outside the country town, and away 
from the lew relief stations ? Not only so, but althbu^n 
it IS evident to all, that there are no traders' stores of ncc 
in Orrissa ; much of Ihe government rice is sold at the 
market rate quoted above, ana one of the relief coinmittee 
WHS ordered last week to sell the unpopular Burma rice 
at the high price of 8 pound for a shilling. Set against 
the calcmation of 2,500 reported deaths per week, the 
facts that up to the end of J uly, after faur months of se- 
vere famine, the board of Revenue has spent in the fifteen 
afflicted districts of Bengal only, $77,550 in grants of cash 
to relief committees, and $337,605 in the shipment of grain, 
while it is liable for $200,000 more in orders not yet exe- 
cuted, and you will be able to judge if there is not ground 
for at least the suspicion tj^at, from want of forethought 
or foresight, bad management from inability to organize a 
system of relief equal to the vast area of suiienng, the 
lower classes of Orrissa and Midnapore are perishmg. — 
The misery will certainly not lessen in Eastern India till 
the end of October, and not then if more ram does not fall, 
so OS to secure the great autumn crop, the failure of which 
last year is the cause of all the su^erin^. To the brief 
history I have given of the sufferings m India, let the 



%a 



l"-^r 



81 



^et the 



reader reflect ; the suffering a few years since in ScotIan<l 
and Ireland, as also, in South America, in London, Ca- 
nada, and last year in Nova Scotia, with the Hed River 
atHiction just now goinp^ on. Listen to what the Bishop 
of Rupert's Land says on the want in that region : — ^* The 
Couimittee here are very thankful tor the great kindness 
which has been shown towards the poor sufferers in this 
country by many citizens of St. Paul and Milwaukee. — 
It is very much to be regretted that such a report received 
currency, as you refer to, resi>ecting the distress being ex- 
aggerated ; on the coptrary, it now threatens to be severer 
jtihao. 1 suppose, any apprehended. The poor people of 
this country have been so accustomed to shift for. them- 
selves in times of difficulty, that few £.t all realized the 
state of things. Kut the total failure of the buffalo hunt, par- 
tial fall, and the scarcity of rabbits, combined to produce 
the danger of most serious distress, and ' though a great 
deal has been contributed, we find that the expense of 
tfeight will swallow up a very lar^e portion of the gifti*. 
There will also be, I fear, a very serious deficiency of seed 
grain for the coming season. There cannot be such fear 
of exaggeration of distress, when in an isolated region like 
this, the whole of the crops of every kind is absolutely 
swept away." Famnie, therefore, I say is one of the sure 
tokens ot the near approach of Christ ; mark what I say, 
if I am on the right track, the next three years will doable 
the affliction of the last three years, but none of the wick- 
ed shall understand, but just Uke the days oi Noah and 
Lot, none caring or desiring to be looking or loving the 
appearing ot Christ, hence, on such he will come iSke a 
thief: 



h^&^. 



m 






I. 



'Ti 



"^r^Trt 1 






Light tB beaming, day ia coming, 
Let us s«»and aloud the cry ; 

We- behold the day-8t;tr rising ' ' ' 
Pare and bright in yonder sky^ 

Saints rejoice now — , >i 

Tour redemption draweth nigh. ,,<■; 

We hare found the chart and compaiis, 

And are sure the land is near ; 
Onward, onward we are hasting, ' 
Soon the Saviour will appear, ,. 
O, be cheerful- 
Let the word your spirit! cheer. 



•>.a 



J ii t-i.1 



) I 



»■ : 






,>>^:^ vj;<« Haik, hark, hear the blest tidings^ 



82 



('■ 



'■•'if. 



Soon, Boon JesuB will come, • '., •> 

Uohcd, robed in honor and glory, 

To gather his ranaomed ones home, 
Yes, yes, O yes — 
To gather his ransomed ones home. 

I shall now pass this chapter and leave with the reader to 
say what is truth. Our next chapter will be on floods. 



»»• 



I' ( 



CHAVTERV. 



^^ILOOl^^. 



'" ■ *r 



From the weekly G/o6c.Sept., '66 : — " Cincinnati, Sept, 
2nd. • Heavy storms visited this region yesterday and last 
ni^ht, causing floods that have resulted in seriously dam- 
iagmg provisions to the extent of hundreds of thousands of 
dollars. Dear Creek, a stream running through the east- 
ern part of the city, was a scene of turbulent and destruc- 
tive inundation. This morning belbrc daylight, about 30 
tenement houses were swept away. Longworth's cele- 
brated wine cellars, containmg 150,000 gallons, were over- 
flowed, raising the temperature and causing the cham- 
pagne bottles to explode in a deafenmg fusilade, and hun- 
dreds of casks of wine wei e afloat lor a while. Three 
extensive tanneries were completely gutted by the flood, 
inflicting immense loss. The total damage will reach 
$400,000. Several persons were drowned, and a number 
ot railroad bridges are reported swept away on the Day- 
ton and Michigan and Maridta Road." 

Great Flood in the North West. — (Special to 
the New York Herald.)—" Chicago, August 14th, 1866. 
Complete returns have been received here of the 
condition of the wheat crop in the North West, 
since the storm ot Saturday and Sunday, which was 
the severest oi the season. The wheat in the north- 
ern tier of counties in this State has been materially 
injured. In the southern part of the State the crop has 
been pretty generally secured ; but in the north much of 
the wheat was in the shock, and has commenced growing 
badly. Along the Galena branch of the Northwestern 
Road, reports about the wheat are very unfavorable. The 
crop in Wisconsin is almost entirely ruined. The harvest 
there is two weeks later than in Illinois, and the floods of 
rain caught the fanners in the field. From one end ol 



33 



» i 



tr. 



estem 
The 
arvest 
ods of 
nd ol 



the State to the other come tidini);^ ot floods, inundations, 
bridfl^os swept off', and the whole country for miles under 
water. The crops, both cut and uncut, arc completely 
submerged, and are heating and sprouting to an extent 
that must ruin them. The loss ot this crop must and 
will be severely felt ail through the West. The crops in 
Minnesota are better off*, although seriously damagi'i'.— 
Ohio, Indiana, Michigan and parts of Illinois, Iowa and 
Missouri have secured their crops, and the quality is re- 
ported very good. In Minnesota the storm \tas very 
severe. At Kochester several rods of the Winona and 
St. Peter Railroad bridges were washed away. Four or 
live houses were swept away by the rise in the Zumbro 
river, which rose lourteen feet during the night ; so sud- 
den was the rise in the river that the occupants of houses 
on the low lands, had scarcely time to escape in their 
cloihes and save their lives, and on Tuesday morning 
eleven persons, men, women and children were rescued 
from trees, where they had taken retuge during the night. 
All the bridges between Rochester and Owatonna are 
swept away, and the railroad bridge near Casson is also 
gone. Near Houston, about twenty miles west of La 
Crosse, thirty persons wer(^ drowned by a. sudden rise in 
the.Koot liiver, Minnesota ; twelve bodies have been re- 
covered and buried. The Southern Minnesota or Root 
River Railro&d is in some portions seven or eight ieet 
under water. The town of Houstan is almost entirely 
submerged, as is also a considerable portion of the village 
of Rushlbrd. Entire tarms have been swept over by the 
raging current, the water even reaching above the top 
of the growing corn crops. The destruction of property 
is ^rcat, reachinir, piobably, to $100,000, or more. Such 
a flood was not Icnown in this region before, although it 
is remarkable for the numbvir &nd extent of its freshets. 
Tlie heavy rains in Northern and Southern Iowa has 
caused, very high w^ater in the Cedar Kiver ; bridges have 
been swepi away, and much damage done. The bridg-a 
at Cedar Falls ha^ gone down stream." 

From the New York Tribune, Oct., *66.— " Baltimore, 
Oct. II th. The rain has continued to-day almost without 
intermission, and is still falling. A heavy easterly wind 
prevails. All accounts a^ree that the quantity of water 
which fell in this region last night and this morning, was 
most extraordinarj'. A dumber of dams and bridges on 



i 

,*■■ 






34 



tho Uotapsco woro dostroyed. The extensive dam at 
Klapsville wntt swept oi\\ and coining against (he tuni' 
I)ikt; bridge at Rlliott« destroyed it« The wrecks Ihially 
acciiinuluted at a heavy stone bridge at Illchister, on the 
iialtimore and Ohio Road, 13 miles trom this city, which 
gave way to the tremendous pressure. This bridge was 
considered the strongest on the road, and stood out against 
ail lonner floods. A lamily of six persons and anotlier ot 
three were drowned ; several bodies were iound to-day." 

Krom th<» Weekly Globe, '^>7.— " The inundations in 
V ranee were subsidnig. Great damage has l)een done 
by the Hoods The Lm^^eror had headed a subscription 
with 100,000 irancs." ''• ••<'■?-' ..^vtv .',,* 

Krom the New York Herald^ Octt)ber, '68.—" San 
Francisco, Oct. 2nd. One of the most destructive rain 
storms ever known hi Auc Arizona, commenced on the 
7th of September, and lasted lor three days, completely 
Hooding the country. Many of the villages of the Rimo 
and Mancoi)a Indianson Gala Uiver were entirely destroy- 
ed, large crops were swept away and Hupper ik Co s, 
steam Houring mills at Kuno village were destroyed, and 
a numUir of cattle belonging to Texas emigrants were 
drownt'd in the Wood. Gov. McCormick and party, en 
route Iroin Prescott, were (jaught in the storm and com- 
))elled to swim their animals to reach a place of safety. 
Telegrams from the interior reix)rt great damage done to 
the croi>s by the rains of two days past. The ship 
brought on from Glasgow reports having exx)erienced a 
heavv shock of earthquake at sea on the llth and 18th of 

The Overflow of the Nile and its Consequences. 
— The ap}>rehensions created by the rapid rise ot tho 
waters of the Nile are, unhappily, being justified by events. 
\Ye have anived at that period when a falling of the 
water should be noted, but, on the contrary, uiere has 
beeu lately a conihiued and considerable rise. The houses 
on the banks of the river in the suburbs of Boulak and 
Old Cairo, have been invaded by the waters and some 
portions of the quays have been destroyed. The Egyp- 
titai government is displaying most praise-worthy activity 
in meethig the threatened danger. It has employed all 
tite means in its power to strengthen the dykes and to re- 
pair the banks. A careful system of supervision has beeif 



ao 



en 



ivit 



% 



1 
:o re- 



CKtuhli^hcd. and vossels laden with sionos and nuitiTials 
are stutioned at short distances, ready lor heini^ towed to 
any menanced jwint by the tur steamers on th»^ river. — 
DinaNters are mentioned as havinu^ occured in Upper 
Kgypt, where the waters have swept away the corn crop 
heaps in the fields bordering on the river.'' 

Oari<», Sept, 26. — Corre»i>ondence ol' tht^ Paris Mmitetfi'. 
**The catastrophe at Bezandun. A meetiii!; was held ni 
the upper room of Queen Street Hall yesterday at*teriux)ii, 
for the purpose ot hearing a statement frt>m ur. Mnston, 
respectmg the catastrophe by which the villa|je of Bezan- 
dun, ttituated in the French part of Vandois, has been de- 
stroyed, I. Bonar presided. Dr. Muston, who addressed 
the audience in hVench, stated that Farel, the companion 
of Calvin, had laboredin the country in which Bezandun 
18 situated, and that it has been the scene ot trials and 
martyrdoms for the truth's sake, both before and after the 
Reformation. Bezandun was built on the steep slope of a 
hill, consisting ot a great rock covered with earth, so that 
the village was supported on a stratum ol soil lying on 
the smooth surface of a slanting rock ; the houses were 
built across the face ot the hill, above these were the 
gardens and vineyards ot the villagers, and further up, 
th6 church ; down the hill streams used to flow from 
spring at the summit of the hill, and this year, in the 
month of May, when the rains were falling so heavily 
throughout the south oi France, these streams, instead of 
increasing, as might have been expected, diminished, and 
it was found that the fountains were nearly drv. These 
symptoms of an approaching catastrophe caused no great 
surprise at the time, but they were remembered after- 
wards; On the 31st of May, as a colporteur was passing 
by, his attention was attracted by some strange sounds at 
the church, and a few minutes afterwards the i)opulation 
were greatly surprised by hearing three or lour strokes oi' 
the church bell. Immediately afterwards, in the houses 
of the village, the windows commenced to break, and by 
a subterranean movement the walls were displaced, so 
that doors which were shut could not be opened, and doors 
which were open co^d not be shut ; the people rushed 
out ol their houses, mothers dragging their children after 
them, while tiles, chimneys, and the lighter parts of the 
houses tell. They were no sooner out of their houses than 
the roof of the church fell in, destroying the interior. It 



41 I 
« 1 



.ft 





3G 



appeared that the springs of water which used to flow 
over the surFace from the summit of the lull had, at the 
same time, flowed underground, reachinj^*- at last the sub- 
stratum ot rock, whicli, benig impenetrable, the water 
collected till at last there was such a quantity that the 
whole soil beneath the village became detached from the 
rock and beflfan to slip, carrying the village away with it 
in its downward progress. It slipped, not all at once, but 
at irreiyular intervals during twelve days, which enabled 
the villagers to escajie with their lives, although they lost 
all their property. The villa^ had entirely disappeared, 
and the inhabitants were entirely destitute ; and it was 
in these circumstances that he had been sent to friends 
and fellow- Protestants at a distance, to request thoir aid to 
enable the villagers to re-build their church and sckoolfi^ 
The whole pecuniary loss estimated at 65,000 francs or 
$13,000. Mr. liobertson ot the Gray friars and Mr* 
Montgomery, of Innerleithen, commended the cause to 
the liberality of Christians in this country, and the latter 
stated that Dr Muston had been banished from Piedmont 
twenty years ago, for ha\'ing published a historical work 
which had given oflence to the Bomish priesiss at (v ixssk$ 
when their will was supreme in Sardinia." 



#,.,., 



Edinburgh Witnest. — A correspondent of the i>mdoi| 
Times gives a detailed account of the recent disastrous 
floods in Northern Italy. Sept., 1868. He says : — ** Over 
the greater part of Nortnern Italy rain had fallen almost 
without intermission, for twenty or thirty dajrs, though 
not in the Alpine district so as to cause any serious catas^ 
trophe ; but on the night of Sunday, the first <}ay of the 
week, the 27th of September, a terrible storm broke upon 
the southern slopes ot the Alps, producing, in a few hours, 
vast torrents and avalanches, under which roads, houses, 
and vUlagcs were swept aw^ay, and large tracts ot fertile 
country were sunk in mud and water. The storm of the 
27th, however, proved to be only the signal of disaster to 
crime. For a week since, night and day, there has been 
but one continuous storm and cataract of ram, the results 
of which are not yet known, but which has already 
covered the whole valley of the Po with a series of inun- 
dations. On the morning of the 29th we left Lucerene to 
cross the St. Gothard road in splendid weather and in total 
ignorance of the catastrophe of the 27th. Imi^aodiately 






37 



ipon 
louis, 
)uses, 

5rtile 
11 the 
ler to 

)ceii 
buits 
leady 
Inun- 

le to 

Itotal 
tely 



after letiviui^ Faido. the si^ns of destruction began, the 
road had been torn up at intervals by totrents descend- 
ing ifom. the precipices above, and swept by avalanches of 
earth, storie and timber. As we passed on, the destruc- 
tion became worse, orchards, woods, vineyards, and 
chalets were seen to have been hurled in a mass across 
the valley, which they covered with ruins, and for Ibnjj 
tracts, not only had ever3r trace of road disappeared but 
every trace of cultivation itself, also. So that what used 
to be once a rich country, teemin-^ with produce, and 
traversed by massive causeway, had returned to its primi- 
tive state of torrent bed, and primitive rock. At ^odio 
the disaster has been greatest. The whole village was 
swept, by a torrent of mud and stone, which scarcely left t 
house standing, and buried about twenty persons in the 
ruin. The destruction was almost instantaneous. The 
torrent, which descends from the mountain above, had 
burst its channel and partially flooded the housei^, when 
about midnight on the 27th, a crash high up th6 
precipices was heard, and soon a stream pf mud and ro^ 
swept over the village and almost bulled it out of sight. 
ic8 we reached Biaska, wrhere the Breno joins the TiciUo, 
farther disasters appeared. The LreUo was rising m.6t6 
violently even than the Ticino, threatened to cut the Copi* 
munication up the main valley, which a few hours after we 
forded, did actually occur. The villages of this lateral 
valley had been swept by avalanches, and in all of thetti 
propeity and cattle, and m some, many lives had been loeit. 
In a word, the whole valley of the Ticino, which eY6ry 
tourist will remember as a scene of continual beauty and 
richness, has been desolated ; for twenty or thirty mile*, 
its entire sources of industry have beenJdestroyed, mi 
great tracts of it have been changed froiw the most fertile 
sdl into a mere desert of sand and ro(!k. But what was 
happening in the vailey of the Ticino was only aspedmen 
of what was befalling many a valley of the Alp$. At Bellin- 
aena ritmors more or less distinct were rife of sin^lar dis- 
asters in all parts oi the range. The St. Southard road, as 
a gfeat bi^way, is totally OTOkenup on the southern side, 
and will not be completely restored for months. The 
Tiernardina and the bpii^ea are alto broken, and great 
I'i Idges destroyed. The Sunplon road is for many leagues 
fathoms deep in water. Before reaching Magadino, the 
plains were seen for miles under water, and at length the 



I' 



road itsell wa.s jsubmerged. Here, with no- small difficulty^ 
and at some mk, boats were prociired, and in, the midst 
of a fariou» storm of wind and rain and lightening) the 
Tillage of Magadino was reached, hail sunk in the flood. 
The pier and all the offices at the whari were scarcely 
visible, and the lake appeped to stretch right across the 
valley almost up to Belinzona. Towards evening the 
steamboat proceeded on her voyage. down the Lago Alag- 
giore. As each town on the lake was passed, it was seen 
that it was half sunk in the water. Locai no, Cannobio^ 
and Luma showed only the upper stories above the waves ; 
the road was itself submerged, villas, churcl^es and towns 
in the sfiidst of the lake. At Jutra and, Paiian:^ the 
greatest injury occuiTed. There the streets and houses 
were covered by twenty leet of \Yater, and as they were 
exposed to the gale from the South, and the bay wa» 
choked with fragments of wood, several hojises had been 
beaten down altogether, and many hves lost. On reach- 
ing the bay where the Tosa fails into the lake, it was seen 
that the whole Simpjlon road from Aroim ^ > Ornavaseo was 
completely under water, and indeed, the lower valley ol 
the Tota, like that of the Ticino, was a simple arm of the 
lake. The gTcat hotels and the villas wit]i which this 
patt of the lake was bordered, were submerged to their 
nrst and even second stories, the postal and telegraphic 
cbmmnnicatibn w^as cut off) the railway station at Arona 
"was ahmost covered, and the granite posts for the electric 
wires just showed their tops above tho water. Every 
tQwn was more or less covered, and the Inhabitants were 
hasting in boats to places of safety, and removing parts ot 
the furniture and goods by ladders from the upper win- 
dows. The Tidnowas unable to carry off tb^^ p^ossure ol 
waters^ and haAflooded its whole valley lor k; ; 'es down 
the Lombard plain. The Laggo Maggiore, vvu' .-.h. had 
risen about twenty feet, was sSU rising; at the rate of four 
or five feet in few hours,, and there waseyeiy prospect of, 
a still greater rise. , Nothing of the kind has been known 
in the memory of man, and the only tradition of such a 
flood appeal's to date from one hundred and sixty years 

.f}fff\i.f -i,,\ fv^fiits"«f r[<»iftl.'rjjion wl lofl Ui'-V biJi- 

O hail, happy day, that speaks lur trials endied, "'*-n*''U 
Our Lord will come to take us home ; V'/iie^i^M ftfi'^lihd 




ago. , 

»t»'^^ 1. 

^•U .Ol! 



O hail, happy day — 
^0 more by doubts oi; t'eurs di'^iressed, 



Hi 






.A 



Xiii^ 







3f) 

4'." i.i'.i;i Wo soon shall roat'h our promised resi, /'■ '* ''"l 

»*iy,-? i$u And thwrt; bo fwrover blest ; hail, happy dayf *• ■*'»•'*'♦ 

2. Swell lond the glad note, our bondage soon is over, 
•f»'J .' The jubilee proclaims us free'; ' 
^r >>(!»• Ohail, happy day-'" W' '' >" • or- '.ru^.n 
yri^bttf^y The day that brings a sweet release, ,lu ■^r.»n.'n »: <.*';op 
jj^.M ..,., That CXI) WHS our Jesus priuce of peace, ♦>?■<« 'Hi.;;! 

, ' And bids our sorrojvs pease ; hail, happy day.» , ; , .„..., 

3. O hail, happy day, that ends our tears and sorrow? ; * ^' 
,^i. „;,,,, T^t brings us joy without alloy i , , i, ;a' i 

'■ ■ , O hail, happy day — .- i «, ,^ #'^'^ 

'^^.*s >. There peace shall wave her sceptre higli, 

ti; 'ifitrtr And Iftve's fair banner j?tee*. the eye, '^ ^''- '^**'"»*- 

ihtji Proclaimiag victory ; Q liail, kappy day. ^' .fii'mi^ib^l 

vfcVv' T' ' ' ^ ' •■ 1 '.••■"'-• »'^ 

4. We hail thy brigUt beams, morn of Zion's glory, j. ;<>« 
■ fSiVT Thy blessed light breaks on our sight ; • ' , 
b«>j*'>^^^ O hail, happy day— " ''^ ^"»'" *^'^"l'"'i' • 
Of? v/ III Fair Beulah's fields before us rise, ' rr^^^»'"'f>* ' ^'!- 'irA\ 
'^■'i^iSf'* »A^"d '*weetly buret upon our eyes, \ ri'^i no fT<)V.' 
K- «- The joys of paradise ; hail, liappy day. -tj^<;- • ■ -r h'*-^ 

:'U\ % Thrice hail, happy day, when earth shall smile in gladneM,' 
,^^r\i{,' An4 fidea bloom o'ernatare's tomj) ; 

*',*, WheVe life s pellucid waters glide, <» „ "^ fi-,M.-< 

,« .oil aji Safe by wr dear Redeefmer's side. ^ " ' ' '^ ' '^ ^^ '^^^ ' "^ ^ ' 
^u 9*1- u Forever we'll abide; O liail, happy iday.*^'/^' t'''^ r'->3ti 

Reader, I aAi donewilh the foregoing' chapter, and ask 
of you, £^11 earliest perusal of the siitji chapter, which »ou 

,>i>.o. ui^.^;.i. CHAPTER vL:;t;«^^ .u'^t:"';;'^ 

' 'Disasters on the Lakes. — The Detroit Frte Press 
publishes a long list of lake disasters during- 1868. The 
number is 341 — more than any previous year. Two hun- 
dred and fiity-five vessels have been ashore, as follows : — 
•* On Lake Michigan, 107: Lake Huron, 50; Lake Erie, 
65 ; Lak6^ Ontario, 27 ; and Lake Superior 6. 89 total losses 
have taken place, viz: — Lake Erie, 24 ; Lake Huron, IS; 
Lake Michigan 34 ; Lake Ontario, 11 ; and Lake Superior, 2. 
The disasters which have occurred in the straits, far sur- 



Ilk. 
1,; 41 



•I 






40 



pa88 those of any former year, and have been credited to 
either Lake Huron or Luke Michigan, or to which ever 
locality they happened in closest proximity." > ; > 

From the Weekly (?/.»6«, Oct., 1868.-— " A gale of un- 
nsual violence swept ovei ?rince Edward Inland and the 
north shores of the neighboring Provinces on Monday 
night last. A number of vessels were blown ashore, and 
some lives lost. Several buildings were also blown down. 
Loss about $10,000." 

From the Weekly Olohe of 1866.-~« A fearful tornado. 
Galveston, Texas, July Hth. The steamer Harlan brings 
accounts of a tornado lasting three days, beginning at 
Indianola, on the 13th, and ending on the 15th. Four 
vessels were totally wrecked ; of two of them there was 
not a vestige left. The steamer Pattnos, which was an- 
chored outside the bar, has disappeared ; it is supposed 
that she foundered at her anchorage, and that all who 
were on boaTrd in charge of her, were lost ; her passengers 
had previously been landed. .No such storm has occured 
on this coast within the memory of the oldest inhabitants." 

From the New York Tribune, July, 1867.-^" A torna- 
do. A terrible tornado passed over the village of New- 
bem, Georgia, on the 24th ult., levelling houses, fences, 
trees, &c., sweeping in an instant, everything betore it, 
and killing as well as injuring a number of persons." 

From the New Tork TiWaoflJec, '66.— »" Shipwreck 
ana loss of one hundred lives. We deeply regret to an- 
nounce the loss of the Dutch barque Mercurius, Captain 
Smith, of 439 tons, bound from Amoy to Singapore, which 
melancholy disaster took place on the north coast of 
Bintang, and 100 Chinese passengers perished, as also the 
third mate. The Captain, in a letter dated Ehio, 16th 
instant, notices that the weather was very thick, and the 
vessel was driven on shore, having parted from two 
anchors." 

From the Oruno Sun^ 1866.—** On Monday afternoon 
this neighborhood was visited by a terriiic thunderstom. 
The lig.htening was very vivid, vvhile tl^ peals of thunder 
were such as are rarely heard even in this climate. Tor- 
rents of rain poured down, which in some places did 
much damage to the now nearly ripe grain. At Port 
Newcastle a boy was instantly killed by the fluid. Ue 



41 






was sitting by the »tove in .coinpaay with his mother, 
when he was struck dead. The bereaved parent escaped 
unhurt.* At £nniflkiUent rumor says tWvi persons were 
also killed. At Buwmanviiie a woman was struck by the 
fluid, though not then killed. And with the wind and 
rain together much damage was done to the crops.'* 

From the Weekly Ohbe of June, 1866 — ** On Sunday 
a terrible hurricane visited Niedet. Barns were blown 
down and roofs of houses carried three or four acres, 
trees were uprooted, and places were burned by lighten- 
ing Great damage by lightening. A heavy thunder 
storm, accompanied by torrents of rain, occured on Wed- 
oeaday afternoon. Several places were struck by lighten* 
i)ig iu the vicinity of a blt)ck of twelve unfinished build- 
ings on Warren street, Brooklyn. The block was nearly 
demolished by the lightening and the gale. One or two 
vessels were also struck by lightening St. John's Chapel 
was set on fire in this city, and the steeple in St. Teresa 
Church was struck." 

' From the Hamilton Spectator, October, 1866. — " Marine 
disasters. During the month of September, there were lost 
by lire, wreck, collision and other disasters, twenty-two 
vessels belonging to the United States, valued ai $1,618,- 
OUO. There were three ships, one steamer, nine barques, 
three brigs and six schooners destroyed during the month. 
Thus far in 1866, theie have been three hundred and 
eighty-nine vessels, valued at $19,682,800, lost by disasters 
at se**.'* •.-■*.,; 

- From the Battle Creek Herald o{ 1866.—" Every day 
some new calamity is reported of a most heart-rending 
oharaoter. We have bad of late the great fire at Wiseassct, 
Me^ ; the destruction of ^,500 dwellings, beside many pub- 
lic buildings in Quebec, leaving 18,000 persons houseless ; 
the loss of the Evening Star, on its way from New York to 
New Orleans, in which nearly 300 perished ; terrible hur- 
ricane at the Bahamas; loss of a vast number of vessels at 
se« by the late gales, with hundreds of lives lost ; tlie 
great floods at the West and South, causing the loss of 
millions of dollars in property ; the devastation of the 
cholera in nearly all our cities ; the great famine in India, 
wijtn wan and rumors of wars, all over the world. Re vo- 
lution idUdws oa the heel of revolution, and all are work- 
ing for the struggle," 






* 



^ 



I£ 



From \\\e Hriflflitow F/ati, iHdO. — r^to'm m Princr Kihvard. 
On Tnesdny evettin^ last, lOili iiast., a very ctestructive 
hail Riorin |)a*!w^ over the 1\)wnfihip of ilillier and vidifed 
the village o\ Wellington, efti'ctingf much damage to pro- 
u-^rly Tlie crops alon^^ the lake shoi'e, from Com 'con 'o 
WoIlinjftoD, were almost destroyed; and such wa« tht^ 
injury to the windows in Wellington,, that some of the 
cilizeoR oi that place visited Brighton yesterday, pccv: 
curing a supply of glass to repair the damage." o»» 

'From the Banff Journal c^ July, I8C6.— The Parish of 
Insh, in Badenof;h, was visited with a thunderstorm, ac- 
companied by hail and rain. The road Irom the bridge 
of Fe«hie, along the south of t^pey, i« rendered tMally im- 
passable, four bridg(?8 and several culverts having beefi 
carried away. On the estate* of lmeerveshi<^ and Nude 
much damage has been done to ti!6 growing' crop; l4ie soit 
in scene places being wholly carried aWay, and in others 
buried several feet below the gravel carried^ down by the 
torrent. From Isude about forty sheep were carried away 
by the flood . and lost in the ISpey. The Man«ion ihpQse 
and offices at (jordonhall narrowly escaped being <}arri^. 
off by the burn which passes there. The hailstoiies were 
generally the sjze of a musket ball, and they w«re seen 
lying in the sbcUered places upiraelted for pAe W^jpl^ af><y 
they lell." - .;n}/ - r t'- ^r .;.,, .-"«<'>v /:> i .. -;;•?(' m-^;'] 



From the Weekly Leader, June, 1866. — Destructive hail 
atona. The township of CarViden, East Sheffield tttd 
Richmond were visited on the 20ih June, with a storm of 
wind, rain and hail that utxroofed houses, bjew dpwn 
fences, tore up trees, and destroyed and battered down 
fruit, crops aud everything in its course, pease, Iwifley, 
wheat, and other crops were beaten as with a 4ail. Ha^ 
measured from one and a half to two inches in diameter, 
and when the storm abated a ere about nine iiichefi dec^ 
op the ground. The storm left drills of thj^ sbo.wer of ifSie 
in sbmeplaces from two tp three feetdecp.'*a fmi !» tmn^^n 

From the New York Tiwtes, '66. — Disasters at Sea. 
Within ihe last week northern latitudes have been viisited 
by a terrific gale, which have caused many shipwrecks 
and much loss of life. The cyclone seems to have been 
of wide area, and lasted for some time. On tlie let, w« 
read that the ^hip Scbastopol was struck by it in latitude 
20 deg., 39 m., longitude 79 deg , 38 m., and be-cama dis- 



45 



ac- 



•fi 



riiarttcd arid water-lc^gecJ, ilie crrw Imving to tnke to th«?ir 
^icatSf and were rescued by a pussing vessel. On the 
4lh, the Britiish steamer Queen Victoria enoonnlered the 
hurricane m latitude 33 deg., 8 m , longitude 70 deg., 30 
m., and foundered at sea, the crew and passena^ers tak- 
ing to their boats and being ultitnalely picked up by an in- 
ward bound vessel, and brought to New Voi'k. There are 
many other caftualtieh reported, but the loss of the Kvoning 
Star i» sickening. The late gale ought to act as a warn- 
ing t'» owners of vessels, to provide everytliing which 
will tend to the safety of them." ^. . ' . . 

"^ From the Detroit NewSy July, 1866.— *'The hail storm ia 
Northern Illinois last week was very destructive, and the 
hailstones in size were beyond predecent. One was pick- 
ed up in Lanark three and, a half iii6hcs in circumference 
and over one inch thick. A pect wa» gathered up of 
nearly that size in Lanark. Over four thousand lights of 
glass were broken out at Blackberry Station. Hardly a 
whole light of glass wa^ left in town. In Elgin several 



thunsand lights 



of glass were. smashed 



the hailstones 



being seven inches in circumference. In the track of the 
storm, which was about a mile wide, corn and oats were 
completely cut down, and garden vegetables destroyed.'* 

, From the New Haven Palladium, J u\j,*iS6%. — "Dread- 
ful Morm in Connecticut, and inflicted great damage. — 
Oat in the country the damage was immense, especially to 
the crops. In Orange, the coru^ oats, grass, &c., are almost 
wholly prostrated* One of. the stacks of hay on the 
meadow was struck by lightening during the storm and 
kx^.'iire and, notwithstand the'Violent rain, was burnt to 
the ground. The storm was more violent in the towns to 
northward than here. In North Haven the electric dis- 
chax^s were fearfully frequent. Near the residence ot 
Mr. I. H . Thorp, the lightening struck ten times on ten 
different trees within a quarter of a mile ; the trees were 
of different kinds. We do not remember that we have 
ever heatd of a more remarkable frequency of electrical 
discharges within so short a distance. All along the line 
of the Canal Railroad we hear of barns and houses pros- 
trated by the wind, and of buildings strucK, while the 
crops sufftsred terribly, and the country looked like deso- 
lation indeed. At West Cheshire we hear that several 
buildings were unroofed, In Meridcn the liuil storm was 






44 

€'x(5e'-Mliiigly violnii, and the ilicrmomricr middenly fcll 
from 0()0 lo 710. Randolph Lindsay's i^rapery was entirr- 
Jy destroyed by tho storm. The steeple of the HanoTer 
C'ongregational Church wao broken off by the violenoe 
of the wind, about thirty feet from the top. The broken 
part tumbled over and fell striking on the poin» and stick- 
ing deep into the ground. The drying shed of the Amer' 
ican Comb Company, at their bleach works in Hanover, 
wa« completely wrecked by the storm. The glass roofi 
20U leet long, was entirely destroyed." 'i>;i//" ^iui 

P>om the London Free Press^ August, 18f)(?. — " The then* 
der storm of last week has done great injury to the cereal 
crops by laying them down as far as the crops extended. 
A great many corn , fields have been cut and partially 
housed On Wednesday last the thunder w^s accompap- 
ied by a hail storm in several places of a character more 
severe than was ever remembered. The town of Wind- 
sor suffered the most, scarcely a window in • any of (he 
building in one aspect escaped destruction ; several large 
trees were shivered to piecej in various parts, and several 
persons were killed by the lightening.'* 

From the Moiitreal Gazette, July, 1866. — " Hail-storro.-~ 
A hail storm passed over the parish of Reputi^uy on the 
11th inst., which entirely destroyed a ;;yortion of the cropa 
and killed many cattle. The bail-ttones were extraordi- 
narily large, and so completely covered the eart^ that a 
sleigh could have been fitly run over them." '''Ky-* 

From the Brighton Flag, 1866.—" Tornado. We vnre 
visited on Monday last with a severe thuuder storm, ao 
companied by a terrific gale of wind. Is tbe vilUge it 
did considerable damage by breaking dewn trees and des- 
troy ing gardens by the hail. Amo!>g other disasters a 
sew building belonging to Mr. H. 0. Betters, was biown 
down with a terrilic crash, its timbers are literally broken 
to pieces. The ioin«ers were working in the butldisg 
when they saw the gala coming, they fled, and bad sot 
left it more than three minutes before the building was 
lifted from its foundation and dashed to the ground a ]»ap 
oi* ruins. We also learn that the stonn passed throaffii 
the centre of this towothip, doing great damage to me 
crops^ fences, &c." ,, , w j 



45 



lordi- 



wete 
w> 

ige it 
de** 

tersa 

kken 

Usg 

kd not 

Irongn 
Ito^e 



From the New York Herald ol' October, 1866. — '' Ter- 
rible storm at Nassiau. Havana, Oct. J 0th. A terrible 
hurricane commtmced in the Bahamas on the 30th ultimo, 
and lasted two days. Almost half of the town of Nassau 
was destroyed by the storm. Houses were blown down, 
roofs carried away and trees uprooted. Trinity church 
was demolished, the government house lost part ol its 
roof, and the roof cf the Marine Hospital was entirely 
blown otf. Vessels were driven ashore and knocked to 
pieces, and wharves were demolished. The neighboring 
islands suliered in the same degree, and a large number 
ot vessels have been lost gr darnaged. This hurricane is 
the severest in the rememberance ot man. A correspond- 
ent writing from Newbern, Georgia, 1867, gives the par- 
ticulars of a tornado of unparalleled fury. One woman 
was blown a distance of 400 yards ; her house was tound 
100 yards distant irom its foundation, fragments of which 
fell six miles distant. The writer says : — The whole com- 
pass of its visible ravages is comprised within an area not 
exceeding 200 yards in width, the track ot its chiet vio- 
lence is even narrower. Scarcely a tree is left standing 
where it passed, of the fallen ones some lie at every point 
of the compass. Every out-building through the entire 
course of the tornado from the point of first attack, be- 
ginning with the barn and stables of Mr. Smith, was 
swept away, some of them to their very loundations. — , 
The same is true of fencings. In one case where there 
was a lane the rails w^ere heaped promiscuously between 
the two. 01 tb e four dwellings occupied by white families, 
only cue, that of Mr. Joseph Kinney, was left standing, 
root broken in and shattered. Outside of the main chan- 
nel the houses of Mr. Beeland was damaged by flying- 
timbers. The buildings' occupied by Mrs. Moss was 
carried away to the floor, f^"hich was literally covered 
with the debris of chimneys and the tops of fallen trees ; 
yet of the seven in the house at the time, all escaped with 
life save one. The kitchen was occupied by Biirrel Bin- 
lord (colored) and his wife and another woman. Of these, 
Burrel was blown to a distance of fifty yards, and kiUed, 
his wife was severely injured ; she was carried twice in 
the air, and says, she saw fragments of timber flying as 
thick as leaves in an autumnal gale. The dwelling' of 
Dr. James H. Montgomery was lifted from its foundation, 
turned over and dashed to pieces ; but the residence of 



v.] 



I 



^ 



46 



Mr. J. 0. Baily snttorod most, both as toitsell and inmates, 
Mr. Baily beinc* found dead at the distance of one hun- 
dred yards, and his wile at the distance of three or four 
hundred yards. This building encountered the fiercest 
assault of the tornado, and was bettor calculated to tost its 
strength than either of the other mentioned, being new, 
larg^, and built of heavy material, but was as a feather be- 
fore it. Its lighter material, such as rooiinijv planking, 
sash and window blmds, were carried far away, showois 
of their fragments i'alliiig six miles distant, even of its 
heaviest timbers, few were loft near its Ibrmer site, many 
of them being thrown to a distance of hundreds of yards, 
one in particuhtr, a ioundation sill, fifty feet long, and 
some twelve inches square, passed above some buildings 
two hundred yards distant and fell in a street in a broken, 
shivered condition. A reasonable supposition is, that this 
building, containing its doomed occupants, was lifted up 
from iis foundations entire, and torn to fragments as 
hurried on by the whirling storm." ., .■ . , 



><jt. 



From the New York Herald, September, 1866.—" Tor- 
nado in New Jersey. A terrible and destructive tornado 
occured near Mount Holly, on Friday evening last, the 
14th inst. It commenced about a mile and a half from 
Buddtown, uprooting trees, prostrating corn and fences, 
doing comparatively no other damage until it reached the 
residence of Hamiah Alcott and sister, on the north road 
from Mount Holly to Pemberton, a mile and a half from 
the latter place. As it neared the residence of the Misses 
Alcott, it prostrated everything before it, forest trees were 
torn up or twisted oft as though they were saphngs, 
fences laid low, and of 16 apple trees in the rear of the 
premises, 1 4 were uprooted, qnd some of them moved a 
distance of ten feet. The house, barn, wagon-house were 
directly in its track, and they w^ere all entirely destroyed 
and thrown together, a perfect mass of debris. Such 
titter destruction we never before witnessed. One of the 
sisters was absent at the time, Hanna only being at home. 
She had retired lor the night, before the storm came up, 
and when found was on her bed, which had been forced 
against and among the br?inches of one of the large trees 
prostrated near the fence. A heavy limb w^as directly 
over her, serving as a protection from the broken debris, 
fm-niture, &c. She w^as lescued from her perilous situa- 



Fi 
brid< 
brea 
Vxh 

lout 
damj 
barm 
the 



47 



liun- 

lour 

rcest 

st its 

new, 

!!• be- 

king, 

>wois 

at* its 

many 

yards, 
r, and 
[dings 
foken, 
at this 
ted up 
mts as 



." Tor- 
arnado 
ist, the 
If from 
fences. 
Led the 
road 
■ from 
Jdisses 
g were 
iplings, 
of the 
lOved a 
se w ere 
stroyed 
Such 
ot the 
home, 
ame np, 
lorced 
Te trees 
directly 
debris, 
as situa- 



h 



1 



1 



tloii as soon as possible, probably having been lying thoro 
for half an hour, and taken to -i friend's house in Pember- 
ton, when it was ascertained that her log was broken in 
two places, b(»si(les being dreadluUy mangled, and her 
head severely cut and bruised." 

The Gulf Hurricane of October, 1867. — From 
the New York 7V/6Mne. The storm m the gu! ' Along 
the Rio Grande the hurricane was the most terrific within 
the memory oi man. Twenty-six persons were killed in 
Matamoras, and 10 killed and one wounded at Browns- 
A'ille. At Brazos, so lar as known, 12 persons peri shea. 
Two schooners were blown ashore. Only two houses 
iiro left standing at Clarksv^ille, and none at Bagdad. — 
The loss of life at the latter place is not known. Ninety 
of the inhabitants escaped by goiii"- on board vessels, 
which rode out the storm ; the rest have perished. The 
negro soldiers and their officers at Brazos are said to have 
refused all assistance to struggling and suffering families, 
and to have retired to a sheltered part of ttie island, 
whence the soldiers returned next day to rob. One of 
them was killed by a citizen who detected him in robbing. 
Their officers, it is said, did nothing to check their bri- 
gandism- At Brownsville the county court house and 
Jul was completely destroyed, and the prisoners are all at 
lar;»e. The entire square, surrounded by Bown, Fort 
Brown, 14th Levee and Elizabeth streets, were destroyed, 
including the Ranchero office and Masonic Hall. The 
Courier office had the roof blown off ; the Custom-house 
wall was blown down ; the Presbyterian Church was de- 
stroyed ; the roof was blown off from the Post Office build- 
ing, [between Tenth and First Streets seven brick and 
four frame houses were rendered useless. These are only 
specimens. In Matamoras 1,500 houses and huts were 
blown dow^n. The gieatest distress prevails at all points. 
Out of seven steamers only two can be repaired.'' 

From the Whitby Chronicle. — A violent storm at Ux 
bridge, which swept in a north westerly direction, for a 
breadth of half a mile along^ the Town Line, between 
Uxbridge and Pickering*. The storm was the most vio- 
lent that ever visited the neighborhood. Considerable 
damage was done to cattle and property. The houses and« 
barns of the tbilowing suffered more or less, some having 
the roof totally blown off them : Messrs. J^obert Spears, 



: 



48 

Pews, Bar, nnd Rasnnil, near tho Town Lino, and Mr. 
Lamy, who had a inaro and colt killed. {Some idea can 
be formod of the violence ol the storm, while it lasted, 
when it is stntod thni a harrow was blown half an acre 
out of a field and landed on ilie road. Sinj^uhirly enou|2^h 
it is exactly twelve months auo since a similar stOrm. a<;- 
companiod with hail, visited this locality, and completely 
destroyed the growhig crops at the lime." 

'A Feauful Storm. — From the Weekly Glohe, May, 
18()8. The telegraph despatches j^ave but a meairor re- 
I)ort ol thf> remarkable and violent iitmos])heric commotion 
which (li. turhed the inhabitants of Chioaiio on Tuesday 
afternoon oi h^st week. The city, suddenly, was at 5 p m. 
plun^^ed in utter darkness, and the citizens had to li<rht 
the gas in all the streets. The darkness was unusually 
dense and chilly, giving a sensation as though a tremen- 
dous hail storm had passed very near. Three times did 
the phenomenon appear and then pass away, leaving at 
la?t the sun shining as brightly as ever. 'I he telegraph 
wires ceased to work at the time. In other parts ol the 
State this connection developed in^-^ an awlul tornado. — 
At Galesburg and Shangal a fearli wastation happened, 
w^ith loss of file in the latter place, «*id the destruction of 
fifty dwellings, school houses, and two churches. Service 
commenced in the Advent Church, a new building com- 
pleted last fall, at 4 p. m ,' as the people were w^endinj 
their way from their farms and cottages to church, the 
sun was brightly shming, although clouds were seen in 
the heavens. It was a day not now common in this 
State, at this time of the year. The pastor of the Church, 
G. W. Hurd, ascended the pulpit and commenced his dis- 
course, which was not interrupted until it was nearly 
through, when the evidence of the coming disaster began 
to be apparent. First it was perfectly . still, and then a 
noise w^as heard in the distance as of the roaring of a 
mighty cataract. The windows began to shake, and some 
one called out from his seat, ' Mr. Hurd a bad storm is 
coming up.' The minister answered, ' never mind the 
storm, there is a day coming when there will be a storm 
compared with which this will be nothing ; I will be 
through soon.' Just then the hail and wind commenced 
t)rcaking in the window lights, and in almost an instant 
the windows of the church, sash and all, were torn out. 



49 






The only two peTsoTis who succeeded in pvttinir wit wor« 
Geori^e Vorn and Harrison WiiiT, who wore instantly 
killed. Tho building roelod like a ^Irunken man, bat 
none could a;oi out. Wives cluucr to th^ir husbands, 
cliildren to their parents, brothers and sisters to eaeh other, 
and flespiiir wa« depicted upon i^very countenance. — 
Suddenly the crash came, and witli a deiirenin«»" s<jund 
miuLrled with the shrieks of the pent u[) |)(v>pl(>, tind)ers, 
scantlinir and all came down with a sutlden crash upon 
the devoted heads of the coniurt^g'ation, men, womtMi and 
childr(»n. Some had skulls broken, others arms, others re- 
ceived internal injuries Irom which they can never re- 
cover. kServic(?s were to have been held at the same time 
in the Methodist (JhureJi, but owing to the non-arrival ol 
the minister the services were po.stponed. This church 
was also entirely demolished. 80 awe struck were the 
people of (vhicago at the sudden apparition ot darkness 
that in an editorial the Republican observes : — ' Probably 
no one of the many persons enveloped by the darknes»s 
which fell upon this city with such mysterious swiftness 
on Tuesday afternoon but felt an indescribable awe at 
the sudden visitation. In one moment of time, without 
warning, as it the sun had suddenly expended its illumi- 
nating power, the light of day began to fade out oi the 
sky, and night to descend upon the eartn as if it were a 
mist,while a startling chiUness permeated the air, as if the 
extinguishment of our central orb had instantly deprived 
our system ol worlds of its boon of warmth. We may 
shudder when we contemplate what might have been 
the consequ(»nces. In the absence oi' any explanation 
Jrom scientific sources, wc presume the manifestation to 
have been those of a tornado whirling over Chicago." 

The Great Storm of '67, on the English Coast. 
— From the Edinburgh Daily R^vie^a. " The board of 
trade have received the annexed list of ships lost during 
the late succession ot gales. The details are received or 
furnished by the receiver of wrecks, who adds the ap- 
proximate value of each vessel and cargo. The ship Guy 
iVlannering, 1160 tons burthen, Captain Brown, command- 
er, from i^ew York to Liverpool, totally lost on the rock 
at l©ua (Scotland) seventeen of her crew were drowned, 
cargo very vaiuanle : 1,600 bale's of cotton, 5,360 barrels 
of liour, 38,986 bushels of corn and 40 cases of merchan- 



50 



ilise ; estimated loss ol ship and carj^e «|^20O,O00. The 
ship Severen, 85 J tons burthen, owned by Messrs. Lid- 
g-elt <k Co., oi'Billiter St , Jjondon, from Calcutta lor Lon- 
don, abandoned a total .loss, her cargo was as follows? — 
149,813 Ihs ol' Assam teas, 226 tons of saltpeter, 760 bales 
of jute, 270 bales ot hemp, 350 bales ol saftlowcr, 24 barrels 
ol dye, 275 cwt. of turmeric, 13,572 hides, 400 tons of rape- 
seed, and 18 tons ol linseed — crew saved ; estimated loss, 
ship and cargo, $340,000. The ship tSimla, from Calcutta 
lor London, burnt at sea, cargo: 30O tons of rice, 2,282 
bales ot jute, 1 5(]^bales of hemp, 7,800 hides, 36 tons of 
linseed, 350 tons of rapet^eed, 58 barrels of dye w^ood ; 
estimated loss ol ship and cargc, .$250,000. The ship 
Albion, 1,245 tons burthen, owned by Messrs. "W. Tapsott 
& Co., Liverpool, Irom JNew York to Liverpool, with 
general cargo, totally wrecked near Stromness harbor, 
eleven lives lost ; estimated value of ship and cargo, $200,- 
000. The ship Attila, 945 tons burthen, owned by 
Messrs. John Treharne & Co.. of Cardilt, totally lost off 
the coast ol Ireland m coming from Quebec, estimated 
value of ship and cargo, $43,000. The ship JaUiet, 440 
tons burthen, Captain Hitch, master, owned by Mr. 
l^'raiicis Chambers, ot London, with a caroro ol sugar and 
rum, bound from Demerara to London,- lost at Hell Bay, 
Land's End, estimated loss of ship and cargo, $265,000. 
The barque Jeanne, 312 tons burthen. Captain Jaques 
Janssens, owned by Messrs. Chabot & Co , of Antwerp, 
bound from Buenos Ayres to Queenstown, wrecked near 
Maryport, estimated loss of ship and cargo, $170,000. The 
barque Lucetta, 1 92 tons register, from Seaham to Eoches- 
ter, with coals, lost on the Crunfleet Sand ; value of ship 
and cargo, $ 18,500. The Diana, (barque) 261 tons register, 
of Liveipool, and owned by Mr. Greorge Caldwell, ol Troon, 
cargo coals, totally lost on the South point of Holy Island; 
value of ship $2(i,000. The barque Norma, 650 tons bur- 
then, Captain j'ohn Horstman, owned by Messrs. Konitsky 
& Co., Thiermunn, ot Bremen, with a cargo of tobacco, 
from Richmond for London, lost on the S. E. spit of the 
(jroodwin; loss of «hip and cargo |7 1,500. Ihe barque 
Lexington, 344 tons, owned by Messrs. James Milligan, 
.Tun., of Liverpool, cargo coals and machinery, bound 
from Liverpool to Havana ; totady lost one mile iiiom 
Coral Poinr, N. W. of Islay, one man lost by remaining on 
board ; value of ship and cargo |40.000. The barque 



werp, 
near 
The 

)che6- 
ship 



ng on 
arque 



M 

Ariel, 365 tons, owned by Messrs. Robert Craffors and 
Richards, and Richard Hall, of Stockton, with a caifro of 
wheat from Odessa for Queenstown, abandoned thirty 
7niles from Old Head ot Kinsale ; estimated loss of ship 
and cargo $47,500. The ship Eugenie, 1,136 tons, bur- 
then, owned by Messrs. John Martin & Sons, of Dublin, 
ivith a general cargo, Irom Liverpool to St. John's New 
Brunswick, totally lost off Ballymac Colter, County Cbrk, 
captain and 12 men drowned ; estimated loss ol ship and 
cargo ^176,000. The barque Ayrshire, 681 tons rec^ister, 
Captain William Henry Terry, master, owned by ^V. E. 
Corner, ol Leadenhall street, London, with a cargo of tim- 
ber, bound from Quebec to Dundee, lost off Poor Island ; 
estimated loss of ship and cargo, $30,000. The Palinurus, 
1,082 tons. Captain Andrew Berry, owners Messrs R. 
Allen & Co., of Liverpool, with a cargo of coals from that 
port for New York, wrecked at Cymyran Bay, one life 
lost; estimated loss of ship and cargo, $78,000. The above 
is scarcely a tithe of the ships that have been lost ; they 
number between three and four hundred. The gales 
were very severe, and see what loss in this small item 
alone, it IS $1,948,600. 

Now my kmd reader, in overhauling those items, I do 
it in love to truth, its Author, and my fellow traveller to 
tne judgment. God, in giving you and me tokens, as well 
as to the world, wants us all to take heed, hi he does 
nothing in vain. What then does he say, see Jeremiah 
XXX, 23, 24 ; heai: it : " Behold, the whirlwind of the 
Lord goeth forth with fury, a continuing whirlwind, it 
shall fall with pain upon the head of the wicked. The 
fierce anger of the Lord shall not return, until he have 
done it, and until he have perforaied the interests, of his 
heart ; in the latter days ye shall consider it." Does God 
mean what he says ? if so, it is our exalted privilege, to 
take heed. And whether or not reader, you can see by 
causes and iheir effect that we are n earing the end of this 
age I am satisfied ; but it shall be as it was in the days of 
Noah and Lot. none of the wicked understood, and the 
reason was, they would neither believe Noah or his preach- 
ing, nor Lot or his solicitations. And Christ said in the 
xxiv ot Matthew, that as it was in the days of Noah and 
Lot, even thus shall it be when he comes, and I believe 
it. We shall give a little f uither history of the hurricanes 
before we come to the chapter on earthquakes. 



I 



t 



52 






Weekly Globe, July, 1866.— "The Hurricane in Halton. 
— A correspondent inlorms us that on Friday eveninir 1 3th 
inst, part of the County of Halton was visited with a 
hurricane and hailstorm, that had no parallel in the 
ni( aiory of the oldest inhabitant. The course ot the tem- 
pest was about due South, perhaps varying' to the south- 
east, and it carried a width of two miles, though its main 
i'ury was poured out in the centre railei. It seems to have 
mustered all its forces in the immediate vicinity of the 
Hornbys. East and West, to the North of that its power 
was but little felt, except in the woods of R. Howson and 
J. Taylor ; but to the South of Hornby, for lour miles, it 
has spread wreck and ruin all around, and I have heard 
that it extends to the lake. It began raining about h;dl* 
past eight o'clock in the evening, having, to my eye, the 
look of an ordinary thunder storm, with a ^reat deal of 
lightning, which continued for about 20 minates, -wjien 
the rain poured down in torrents, accompanied by a fea|w 
ful hail, and the wind rose to a pitch we have never 
known before. The hurricane lasted onl^ twenty or 
thirty minutes. No harm cune of the lightnmg, nor was 
the thunder at all loud, I have heard it twice as loud. 
The hail did considerable damage to the crops and win- 
dows. It was of a dianiiond slmpe, three quarters of an 
inch by one-third, or, say the size of a pigeon's e^rg. 
Eobert Hall Esq., had 45 panes of glass broken ; half his 
apples were knocked off, and so abundant was the hail, 
that a large quantity could have been shovelled up by the 
side of his buildings. About a mile from that, at Hornby, 
I saw oats from the fields of Mr. Pickard quite destroyed. 
The hurricane, in many places, partook of the natuie of 
a whirl\sind, and its full force was exerted at i5 or 20 
feet from the earth and vipw-ards. Its fury was terrific, 
baras and sheds were crushed before it as you would 
break an empty egg shell in your hand, their roofs scat- 
tered to the winds. I saw rafters carried 300 yards. You 
could see its power in the forest and among the fences on 
every hand ; one-half the timber is in places thrown down. 
The fine brick Wesleyan church at Hornby is in ])art un- 
roofed and so scattered as to be unfit for repair. A con- 
cession to the south-west of Hornby, and for a length of 
two miles, has suffered most. Mr. *T. Chisholm had a new 
frame barn just finished, completely demolished ; opposite, 
Mr. Noakes had a baru and dwelhng house unroofed. 



63 

Oa the ntext two farms, Mr. Cttnniiighara had all his oufci 
buildings unroofed, and Mr. Irvine a shed levelled, thfli 
tiext hirra escaped, the tmiklings being under range, but 
On the next, Mr. Campbell had a barn and shed unroofed. 
Mr. Hempstreet, on the next larm suffered most, fenced 
ftnd trees scattered broad-cast ; about half his fine orchard 
•Was uprooted, and his barn was at one end, carried bodily 
40 feet, at the other. 36 ; a large addition to his barn was 
)eveil<3d, and all his buildings destroyed, save one protect- 
ffd by the rest. Jonathan Hows, on the 7th line in Trafal- 
gar, had a new gravel house just erected, completely 
crushed. Not a single house in which any one lived nas re- 
ceived more than a trilling injury. I hoard of one narrow 
escape. The wife and children of J. Anderson, on the 5th 
line, were in their sitting-room, and they had no sooner 
left it than the roof of a shed came crash through the 
sitting-room, breaking the bureau, etc." 

THB Convulsion of the Sandwich Islands —From 
the New York Herdd, April, 18<58 :— •» The greatest vol- 
eanic eruption recorded in modern times has occurred on 
the Island of Hawaii, one of the group of Sandwich Is- 
k^». For some time past it has been observed that the 
crater of Kilanea was very active, and that a new volcano 
had been formed. The volcano is the well known Manna 
Loa, and it has an elevation of 13,758 feet. On the 27th 
of March last the new eruption commenced and has con- 
tinued up to the latest dates. During twelve days there 
hAve been 2,000 shocks of earthquake, followed by fearful 
tidal waves which have destroyed entire %illages, and 
caused the death of 100 persons. ' For fourteen days the 
district K<ma has been the centre of motion for the great 
eruption. A gigantic stream of molten lava is flowing 
from the summit of Manna Loa across the lands of Ka- 
kuka and Poakini to the sea at Kaaluala landing. The 
slope and part of the summit ofa mountain fifteen hundred 
feet high have been lifted up bodily by the earthquake and 
thrown o\^er the tops of trees for a distance of over 1,- 
OOO feet. At Wahoinee a creek has opened, extending 
from the sea. To as high as the eye can reach on the 
slope of Manna Loa the lava is from one to seven feet in 
width, and an eruption of moist clay was thrown from the 
side of the mountain, between Lyman's and Richardson's, 
a distance of two miles and three quarters, with a width 
of one mile, in the short space of three minutes. Thi^ 

7 



"I -I i| 



54 



I* 



i«U' 



ieiiible eruption oveiwhelmfd houses, pevsjons, and hurt* 
dvcds of animals, and . scattered death and destruction 
wherever the clay i'ell. A cohiuni ol" smoke beven and 
four-iiltlis miles in altitude was thrown out oi* Manna Loa 
obscurini* every thing for miles around, s*xve wherw the 
brijiht spiral pillars of lire Hashed upwards from the mouth 
of the volcano. The sight was one of the grandest but 
most a])paling' ever witnessed and almost defies descJip- 
tion. The inunense tidal waves rustling in with so ^eat 
a height that tliey swepl ovor the tops ol' thw co^oa- 
nut trees on tlie Kona coast. During the severe shock 
of eaithquaUe, \\hich took place on the 2nd ot April, no 
living creature could stand ibr a moment. Imuien«« 
bodies of earth v\ ere tossed about at great distance, as il 
they were teathei's waved Ironi point to point by a storm 
oi' wind. No niie stone stands upon another as before ill 
this district. Immense precipices which hav« hitherto 
b'^en a terror to all who have seen them, have been level- 
ed to the earth, and where the ground was formerly smooth 
and unbroken lor miles around, the earth has been rent 
asunder and upheaved, lorming gigantic chasms and preci- 
pices. The entire topegraphical appearance of the coun- 
try has been so compk^tely changed that even th( 83 who 
have lived in the desolated district all their lives, ciumot 
recognize it, oi* point out localities with which they were 
formerly familiar. Lucidly this part of the island is but 
si)arsely poi)ulated, and the lands are not in general cuiti' 
vation. The loss oi lile as lar as can be ascertained as ioi- 
lows: In the village ol Pilinka, 33; at Mokaka, 13; at 
Palalna, 4 ; at Hona, 27 ; at Vaniio, 3. This makes a toti\i 
of 80 persons killed as reported up lo the present time. 
There are rumors ihat the casualities considerably exceed 
lOO. All ol tlie unlbrtunate persons who ha v« lost their 
livei, were native Hawains, not a white person being 
killed, or in any way injured. At the present moment the 
entire group of islands is enveloped in a dense black smoke, 
and the indications are that Manna Lou is still in active 
volcanic eruption. A vesssel hasjust arrived from Hawaii, 
bringing later accounts of the lava flow, and of the erui> 
tion in general. The hrst stream ot lava broke out Irom 
the crater of Manna Loa, some 2 miles above the residence 
of Captain Kobert Brown, and llowed directly towards it. 
It came down the mountainside in a broad stream, several 
feet hi depth, and travelled with such a raxndity that the 



of 
wal 

eart 

tbm 

was 

ofh 

the 

piaij 

ofti 

of \i 

eou{ 

stie 

the 



.M 






iirt- 

iou 

Mid 

Loa 

the 

>uth 

but 

jveat 

hock 

i, no 

m ii 

itoim 

»rc ill 

herio 

level- 

nuoth 

L rout 

prcci- 

couii- 

3 who 

tiiHUlOt 

were 

is but 

cultl- 

as ioi- 

13 ; at 

ti»tal 

time, 
lexceed 
t their 

being 
eutthe 
smoke, 

active 
iawaii, 
J erup- 
at irom 
sidence 
mrds it. 

several 
that the 



d 



family in tlio houpo had hnvdy timo tor'f2capf\t,ikinc';:iw.iy 
with thfm nothiiu'- hut th«*ir ('loih(\s ; tli«» path thny took 
wtis pf»rlW.'tly Irec horn lavn. hut ton minutos a If or they 
Irl't it, and reachod a |,oint ot sat< ty, the «'ntire road was 
<M)vered with th(» liery stream. Th<> lava pnsh«Hl onwards 
to the sea, and (hove the water hack with suoh a violehce 
that it became agitated and convulsed, and huij»'e waves 
rxJled towards the ocean as it h\shed to tury hy a storm. 
The ground thus occupied is now a mass ot lava, lormini*- 
ft point I'or at least one milc^ in length,. and as the stream 
eontinucs to descend the probability is that it will remain 
iKtationery, and torm a portion ol* the island. The most 
terrible shock of earthquake, which took place on April 
2nd, burst open the earth at the villaii(i **[ Walschina, and 
a tidal wave lushed inwards with learlul eth'ct;it was 
over fifty feet iu height, and swept over the tops of the 
t»coauut trees, carryini,'- di^ath aiid destruction to persons 
and property. Throughout the island this shock was felt 
with fearful effect ; buildmgs of all kinds were torn from 
their foundations and hurled great distances, and many 
persons and animals lost their liv<\s. The scene at the 
eratera was appaling ; huge rocks W(^re hurled trom their 
mouths, accompanied by streams of lava hot and red, 
which attained an altitude of 1,000 feet. When it liellit 
laished dowii the mountain towards the sea at the rate <.f 
ten miles per Iviur. The new taater whi(*h was foimed 
ou the 27th of Maich, is over two miles in circuml'erence, 
It vomited roc^ •' and broad streams of .iqnid fire which 
illuminated the night lor an area of over fifty miles. In 
addition to the one mile ol' land Ibrrned by tne lava, driv- 
in<^ back the sea, another stream extending lor a distance 
of three miles poured down the mountain shiking' the 
water with a tremendous shock. At this time another 
earthquake shock occured, and immediately alter an island 
four hundred feet m height, yohh above the water, and 
was soon after joined to the island of Hawaii by the stream 
of lava. The erui>tion of moist red clay took place during 
the great earthquake shock, and went rushing across the 
plain below for a distance of three miles. Fiom th(3 midst 
of the crater, from whence this came, an immense stream 
of water is now pouring down. The entire section of 
country arouiid Manna J^oa has been desolated. A 
sti'eam of lava is flowing under the ground, six miles from 
the sea, and hiis broken out in four places, each throwing 



^a I 



Ml 






I* 



;i" 



<56 

Vip brilliant jets ot lire* The haso of the volcano w about 
thirty miles in circumference and now presents a mc»Nt 
barren and desolate aspect, the g&ses rising from the renjt 
earth having completely destroyed all veffelation. The 
earthquake shocks iirere felt in all the Sandwich Islands, 
but only around Manna Loa was the eftect diBa8trous.-<r 
The eruption still continues with unabated violence, and 
the scene is one of the most terribly grand that has eviJr 
been witnessed. From the crater of Manna Loa the huge 
column of smoke continues to ascend, hiding from view 
the skies and clouds, and enveloping the entire country 
in partial darkness. Every now and then thick streams 
of lava shoot upwards from the midst of the smoke, illum- 
inating everything around. Hundreds of jets of flames 
burst from the lava and are thrown for a distance of « 
thousand feet, the whole forming a pyrotechnic display of 
surpassing magnificence. Shock alter shock of earth* 
quake convulses the island, and ever and anon the low 
rumbling sound whicii breaks out from amid the din and 
noise of the eruption, indicates where the earth has been 
violently torn asunder, or where the summits ot huge 
hills and mountains have been hurled from their places 
and sent rolling downwards to their base/' Reader I 
must bring this chapter to a close, although I eoald writo 
volumes on this mighty sign alone. The Prophet Isaiah, 
in chapter xxiv, 1,7; " Behold the Lord maketh tho 
«arth empty, and malreth it waste, and tuniith it upside 
down, and scattereth abroad the inhabitants thereof. Th« 
earth also is defiled under the inhabitants thereotj because 
they"' (the inhabitants) "have transgressed the laws," 
(the second and fourth commandments) ^ changed the 
ordinance," (baptism) ^* broken the everlasting covenant," 
(the Sabbath.) Blessed are they that do his eottoam^ 
ments. See Bev. xxii, 14. , , 






How 8weet to reflect on ihoae joys that await hm) 
In yon blessed regions, the heav'n of rest, 
Where glorified beings with welcome 8hall£;re«t me, 
And lead me to Mansions prepar'd for thfi bjew'd. 



Emcurcled with Ii|^t and with glory en>hroud«4; 
|liy happiness perfect, my mind sky unclouded ; 
AH rage in the ocean of pleasures unbounded, 
And range with delight throu]|sh the l&dsn of love. 



^ 



w 



bout 
mof^ 
renit 
Th« 
inds, 

, and 
evi5r 
huge 
view 
iintry 
reiuns 
Hum" 
lame9 
e of » 
•lay ot' 
earth* 
e low 
in and 
sbeeii 
huge 
places 
ader I 
. wiita 
Isaiah, 
h thio 
upside 
Tht 
ecause 
laws," 
d the 

enant,'* 
laiaspdr 



f THongh pruon'd on etrth, yet hf aotusipiitioii, 
, r Already my soul feels a sweet prelibation 

Of joys that awaits lue wheQ freed from probatiop, 
My heart now's in heaven, the Eden of love. 

Then soni^ to the Iamb shall re-echo thcongh heaven, 
My soul shall respond to Emmanuel be given 
All glory, all honor, all might and dominion, 
l^ho brought us through love to the Eden ef bliss. 

I. Pon't you see my Jesus comingt v 

Don't you see him in vender cloud, s , 

With ten thousand angels round him« 
See how they my Jesus crowd. 

fi. Don't yen see the saints ascending. 

Hear them shouting through the air ; { « 
,'■ Jesus amiliug, trumpet sounding, 

Now his glory they shall shave. 



■ •n"*;* 



tH- 






•J » -i 



9, Po«t yen see the heavens open'd, 

And the saints in glory there ; ' , . , 

Shouts of triumph bursting roynd you, . 
Glory, glory, glory here. 

4» Come back-slider though you ha^e pieycefl hiip^ 
And have eaus'd his chyrdh to m»iinii, ,, 
You may yet regain free pardon, 
I If yon will to ni» return. 

^ Jflfew behold each lovin|;fpirii. 

Shout the praise of his dear name ; v 
View t^') smiles of their dear Jesus, . 
' "' While his presence feeds the flame. 

;■ --. •» 

6. There we'll range the field* of pleasure, . 
By our dear Bedemer's side, 
Shouting glory, glory, glory, ■' • ' • " • ^ - 

While eternal ages glide. ' ' / . ' X.:j_i.\:'i 

The reader, I hope, will pardon my little bits of poetry. 
?'e shall now give a brief account of earth<^uakes. 






CHAPTEEVIl. . 






From the Three Rivers Inquirer^ J,annary, 1866. — ** A 
curious convulsion of nature ocoujwd lately at Bon Dteixt 
county ot Tadonoac, C. £., by which on immense m^i 
hill, A dwelling house^ bain, and a aumher gi ^her 



58 



■f 



builtlirg wovo nnr.ovod to ». <lista!irc of i^ro t\nt^ HpIovv 
thoir oriuinnl .sit«", and iUe iK'flfli clow by slnAvn with 
iininv'nMt» bonlders and ruisinl to a hoialit <A 80 i'tu^t above* 
it« ordinary level, while the uround all around ov«'r an 
ttrei. of 13 acres, \vi\fi cut up with dee|» <m=*vicr8. The 
telide coveretl over 12 acres in width by live in depth." 

From the Weekly 0/(;/><f, .Tannarj^ 1866. — " An earth- 
(piake occiired on the Jhd inst., in Mexico, doing con* 
hiderable damaj^e at Onzana, Maltidia, and otiier places 
in the interior with loss of life. In a j-ecent issue we stated 
that a shock of earthquake had been lelt on Friday morn- 
in^r, the lotli inst., at J^ake IVuuport, we since learn that, 
lit precisely the same hour, the shock was felt at Cxrandw 
Baie and Ua 11a l^ay, on the Sagueniiv. It appj^ars to 
have ]x}ien a pretty lively concussion ana to have attl-cted 
nearly the whole ot the ntnth shore, having been also 
I'elt at l^aie JSt. Paul, 'i'hese shocks have not been uu- 
Irequent lately in the Lamentide range." — Quebec ChionUie. 

From the London Times.- ■ ** lllarthquake. Tenacity of 
liile. At the Royal InstitiJion, London, Dr. i^aeaita re- 
cently delivered a lecture on the earthquakes of Southern 
Italy, and stated that during the last seventy -five years tho - 
Kingdom of Naples had lo>t UO^OtO inhabitants by such 
calamities. In 1 783 a young and beautiful girl was 
buried under some ruh:s Caused by a great (Earthquake, 
and was dug out alive alter eleven days, during which 
8he had counted the days by a iiingie Jay ut light which 
reached her through a crevice. She lived Ibr nine years 
after, but was always sad and gloomy." ^ -- <<* 

From the London TimeSj 18C7. — Terrific earthquake 
in Egypt. At Alexandria, and throughout Egypt, earth- 
quakes have been lelt. At (Jairo 200 houses have been 
overthrown, 3(»0,U0o inhabitjnits have taken to the fields 
and encamped. Smyrna and the Grreek Archipelago 
were shaken by simultaneous shocks The Isle of Kodes 
has been devasted, and one of its largest lorts rent open, 
and thrown down. There was a violent shock of ' an 
earthquake on the 12th at Malta, which hiis seriously 
damaged the fortifications. At Corea, the capital of the 
Isle of Candia, the destruction has been enormous. The 
city and mole are i)artially destroyetl. An earthquake 
has occured at Maples. It was horizontal and came along 
the coast, and was so violent that it rang bells, opened doors, 






•0 



uake 
iarth- 



open, 
au 
ously 
}i' the 
The 
juake 



and sh(K>k rhe beds »o tioh'iitly tnat the soundi'st .*.leejvjr» 
were awakened ; inoiiy people spent the nij^lit in the 
streets, and amongst others, the Count ot Syracuse, who 
sat in his carriage. At Sorento tie people were all Equally 
alarmed, and many of them spent the night in the streefe. 
The Madcnia waf* carried in procesj«iion all around the 
Magellina, and propitiation thus oll'ered to.heaveJi." 

From the «SVif7ia/, 18(58 — The earthquake in Saaih 
America. Although over a montL has elapsed since the 
ftrst and lata! shock, yet in Arica, Arequipa, and many 
<rf* the interior ruined towns, the ground still cracks and 

iars, and trembles, and the shocks have been counted by 
miidreds already with no setlled stillness so far. The 
poor alirighted [wople are escaping by every steamer 
coming to ( /'allao, and those remaniing in the mountains 
or scattered ovei the jiampas, are afraid to re-build tno 
ialien ruins, owing to the continued hf avin"- and upri^ini; 
oi the ground. How much longer this will continue no 
one can determine, but many think it is the indicatiou of 
another fearittl outbreak." r .-r v. .<$ 

- From tlie Weekly Globe of Nov., 18C8.— •♦ We have had 
of late a large number of earthquakes in ditierent parts of 
the world, Varied by tempests of unusual severity, and 
floods by which nmltitudes have perished. In the We»f 
Indies and South America, as we all know, these eairth- 
quakes have heen i)eculiarly disastrous, and since the 
time ol their occurence news has reached us o'f some- 
thing ol the same sort in ditierent quarters in both hem- 
ispheres. The last accounts speak of destructire Winds 
and storms which have swept over Northwestern Mexico. 
One town in the State of Sonora in said to haVe been en- 
tirely destroyed by floods and whirlwhids. Whole herds 
of cattle have been, it is said, swept away, and dift'e: nt 
crops totally ruined. It naturally rises, what may 
have been tie reason lor all this unwonted elemental 
activity V" A question, says the G/obcy much more easily 
asked than answered. Reader, I shall allow Gods wori 
to answer the above question- Kead Jeremiah xxx, 23, 
24 ; Matthew xxiv, 7. I shall make no comment on these 
texts, only ask my intelligLnt reader to reler to them. 

From the Weekly G7o6e, Nov., 1868.— Naples, Nov. 
20th. The eruption ol Mount Vesuvius is still very 
threatening ; all the cones of the volcano emit rumbling- 



CO 



V 



«oundf<, and eject largo quantities of lava. Tho liiva has 
set a whole forest of chestnut trees on fire, causing im- 
mense devastation. Houses, larms and lands are over* 
whelmed with ruin, and the population of the neater vil- 
lages are le^iving their houses in great destitution." 

Naples, Nov., 2i.— •♦ The erupticn ol Mount VesnntM 
is increasing in violence. Many houses and farms in thcr 
ricinity have been utterly destroyed. The market town 
of San Giorgo is in imminent danger. The ship Imperial 
from Kodiac, reports a violent shock of an earthquake ai 
Uiat place at 8 p. m., of September 5th. Three hottsen 
and nearly all the chimneys in town were shaken down* 
The sensation on the ship was terrific. She seemed aif 
though passing over the rocks at great speed, While 
•articles were sluiken down which the most violent gale 
had not disturbed. In the southern parts of the island 
large rocks were torn up and thrown down the molm« 
tain. The shock lasted forty seconds." 

The Paris correspondent of the London Tifnes^ 1867.-—' 
" At about a quarter past five yesterday mpming a nttotk 
of an earthciuake was felt in Paris and its neighborhood, 
especially in the direction of Versailles, in which tWo 
persons say they were awakened by a motion, they heard 
a crocking of the walls and floors, and that the first shock 
was followed by several others. Persons in Paris have 
told me they awoke about the time the shock took placey 
but went asleep again without being a>vare of what had 
occured« It appears that it was also felt in the depart' 
moat* chiefly, so far as is yet known, in the west, centre 
and4K>iith west of France. The shocks are estimated to 
have taken eight or ten seconds. At Limoges it seems to 
have been severe and accompai*-ad by a noise compared 
to that of trains passing through a tunnel, and in the 
Houses, accordmg to letters received, the beds moved, the 
crockery and glass clattered, the bells rang, and the in* 
iiabitauts were all on foot. In the neighborhood of I'aris 
1 know ot persons who got out of bed in alarm, thorough' 
ly roused by the first shock. At Bourdon the church belk 
rang spontaneously at five in the morning. There th^ 
cure, not suspecting an earthquake* unhesitatingly at- 
tributed t! ^ phenomenon to evil spirits and proceeded 
forthwith to the belfry vvith bcJI, book and candle lo exor- 
cise them. The oscillatory motion of the earthquake, ag 



>lace^ 
aa 
jpfttt- 
intre 
ted io 
to 
>aTed 
the 
the 
kem<' 
iTarie 

beiki 
le th^ 
Pyat- 

eded 
exor- 

80 



61 

already tnchtioned, was from northeast to soulnwosf» it 
iollowed very closely the AVestom Central and South- 
t\*c8tern Rairvray lines. News of it comes from Blois, 
Samiiar, Augers, and Nantes, from Bouigcs and Limoges, 
and irom Poitiers, Mart and Artgouleme. There is no 
instance on record of a previous earthquake in any of these 
districts. A great many people thought the end of the 
world was come.^ It surely Will come, and that 80<m, but 
none of the wicked shall understand. " It is stated that 
two distinct shocks -N^'ere felt in Devonshire^ England, a 
few hours before that in Paris." 

From the Weekly Globe, Oct., 1868.— -San FVftftcisc^v 
Oct. 21. — "A heavy shock of eartiitjuake Ivas felt here at 
7;50 a. m. Several buildings on Pine, Battery^ and San- 
son streets werd thrown down and a considerablB num- 
ber badly dam£(ged. The ground settled, whieh 'hrew 
buildings out of line, and at present, 9 a.^m , no estimate 
can be made. Severai shocks have followed at intervals 
since, creating? a general alarm/ A shock was felt with 
great severity at San Josey where a number of building 
are considerably injured. A survey of the city shows that 
the principal damage by the earthquake is coitimed to tho 
lower portion below Montgomci7 and among the old 
buildings on the Made Ground. MumeroKs houses in 
that portion of the city have been abandoned and pulled 
down. Tho Customrhouse is considered unsafe^ the offio 
ciala have removed from it ; business ni the lower part of 
the eity is suspended, the parapets have been throwir 
down, walls and chimneys^ causing loss of life. At Oak- 
land the shock was very severe ; the ground opened in 
several places and a strong sulphurous smell w^a» noticed- 
after the shock. The Court House at San Leandro,.wa8 
demolished and one life lost. From various jTortionjs of 
the country and in the vicinity of San Francisco Bay, the 
shocks are rejwrted as severe, and in many places the 
earth opened and water gushed forth. Twelve shocks 
were felt during the day. The greatest damage exists cm 
a hill several hundred feet wide, running about north- 
west and southeast, commencing near the Custom-house 
and ending at Falsom street wharl, injurmgand demoliah- 
ing abotit twelve buildings in its course. At the comer 
of Market and First streets the ground opened several 
inches wide and about fifty Icet long ; in other places the 



6S 



I. . Ill 



ground oix'nod and water was lorced above the nurtace.-^ 
The City Hall is a perfect wreck. The courts have ail 
adjourned. The Uiuted States Marine Hcwpital, United 
States mint. Lincoln school house, Snn Francisco gas- 
works and ceaf and dumb a«yhim are ail damaged. The 
shock was felt about tlie shipping in the harbov as if ves* 
sels had stntck upon a rock, although the water was per* 
fectly smooth at the time of the shock, iShocks were felt 
at Sacramento and Stockton, The Central CSoRst and 
Almeda Companies' bvitdin^ was thrown down and some 
lives lost. At Red "Wood City the large bri«k court house 
it demolished. Another shock has just been felt. Private 
despatches from San braneisca say the* loBb thtis far will 
exceed $300,000. A number ol buildings' have stihk 
several inches, and streets betore level are uneven in 
many f^aees. A ship anchored fifteen miles outside felt 
the shock very heavily, and it was the same trith resftels 
on the bay. Many casualties ocimred from frantic ftfforts 
to get out of the builduigs ; some persons' jumped out of 
the window* in the second story. This ticinity afppears 
to have be«u about the centre of the convulsion. South 
and east, persons in the country noticed an upheaving 
and opening of the earth in several places. Large masses 
of rocks, several tons in weight, were detached arid rolled 
down the hill and mountain side. Persons here wha 
were in Peru duruifl^ the late earthquake, state the idh<)^k 
yesterday to have been as strong as some oi those that de« 
stroyed so much life and property thore, and say that a 
recurrence of the shock was all that wa^ required to make 
the disabcer ps great. $3,000,000 will not cover the k)ss 
by damage to the buildings alone. There are six killed 
and ^lany wounded." . . jiiw^-»>f Ui U v. 

San Francisco, Oct. 23 — From the exterior we learn 
Almeda county suffered most by the earthquake. Ifissures 
in the earth were made, from which issued clouds of dust 
and volumes of water. Creeks dry for several months 
suddenly became larse streams ; hot water and steam also 
^vTished from the earth. The villages ot San Leandro find 
Hayneard are almost in ruins, rfie brick buildings were 
all thrown down, and hundreds ot tenements reoidered 
unhabitable. The towns of Almeda, Brooklyn, and Oak- 
land suffered severely, as did San .lose and Redwood city. 
The brick buildin<?s m the old mission of San Jose are a 



OM 



ace. — 
ire all 
United 

, The 
if ves- 
as pcx"' 
ure felt 
]»t aiid 
dsome 
t house 
Privaic 
far will 
e stii^k 
ivtn in 
ddc felt 
t resftelfi 
5 efforts 
I out of 
arppears 
Sonth 
shearing 
3 masses 
id tolled 
ere-Wha 
le sh(>*k 
thatde- 
y that a 
toinake 
• the kws 
iX killed 

07e learn 
Fissures 
g of dust 
months 
keam also 
tidro ^nd 
igs were 
rendered 
and Oak- 
rood city, 
ose aie a 



mass of mills. 1 ho dnmn|To in }*»Muhmn, iTonJd>ihur^*, 
Mantu Rosa, Valjo, atjd Murtnicz, was consid«»ral)l«." 

From the Loiidoi. Times AMI. —*'From staiiwdcs obtain- 
ed by reliable persons, it seems to be pix>ved that the4»e 
upheavals of the crust of the earth, whatever their origin, 
are greatly increasing in numlx^r and violence. Among 
the earliest cpakes recorded is that by which Heixsulaneum 
and Pompeu were destroyed in the year '(jS. In 520, 
Autioch, in Syria, was almost antirely destroyed, a hum- 
ber oi persons perishing in the rnins, being (>t>timaied at 
one. quarter uf a miiiion. The most memorable earth- 
quakes in history are as follows : In 1692, Port Koyal, the 
ca|4tal of Jamaiqa, was entirely submerged by the Ibrce of 
an earthquake, which swallowed up over a thousand acres, 
and drove ships so far inland that tJiey iloated above the 
buiiad city. In 1773, an entire volcano sank into the 
earth in the Island of Java, carrying with it tbrty villages; 
the mountam itself, which was liJleen miles long and six 
broad, accompanying the hamlets and their 2,957 in- 
habitauts. On the IM of November, 1755, occurred the 
meinorkble earthquake of Lisbon, by which l60,U00 perish^ 
ed in the twinkling of an eye. Here also was the great 
<idial wave seen otan altitude of fifty feet. One of the most 
av^tul incidents of this earthquake was the sinking of the 
city quay. 'Jliis had just been constructed of mar We at an 
immehse expense, and to it as to a last refuge, fled thou- 
sand o£ the hapless inhabitants. Without a moments 
wammg, the earth suddenly opt»ned to receive it, aud 
after jsucking in the mass must have closed over it, as uoi 
a single bocfy of all the thousands that went down, nor 
the least spar or ark from any ot the sliips nea* by that 
were trucked into the chasm ever can^e to top. The w^ter 
therfe is nearly 600 fathoms deep, and at an unknown dis- 
tance beneath the bottom repose the helpless JJsbon 'se. 
This Lisbon Kaithquake Humboldt estimates effected a 
portion of the earth four thnes as largo as Europe, and was 
felt ih the Alps, on the coast of 8weden, in the West In- 
dies, on Lake Ontario, and along the coast of the Massa- 
chusetts. In 1811 the earthquake on the Mississippi, 
severest at New Madrid, Mo., shook the ground ior many 
daj's, and alternately raised and depressed it here and there, 
the latter sections forming a section called the Sunken 
country to this day. On the 26th of March, 1842, a 



l* 



I '■' 



64 

violejit thunderstorm, with incessant flashes, was ob. 
served by the people ol' JNew Madrid, and at the same time 
the city ot Caracus, in South America, was laid in ruins, 
12,000 ol its people perishini?. The great eruption in 
Vesuvius in 1857, with accompanying earthquakes, will 
also be remembered as leading to on immense destruction 
oi human lite, variously estimated at I'rom 3^,000 to 40,000 
souls. In 1858, June 19, the valley of Mexico was also 
devested by one of these visitations, demolishing houseii 
throughout its length. &nd destroying tlie costly aqueduct 
jsupplying the city with water, Af arch 22, 1869, Quito, in 
Ecuador, was nearly destroyed by an earthquake and 
thousand/s of lives lost." • 

From the Weekly Globe, September 18th, 1868.— ♦♦ The 
most terrible earthquake that ever occurred on the coast 
of South America took place on the 13th ult. At first but 
little was known ol the dre0diul catastrophe that had visit- 
ed with deadly eftect nearly every city on the coast The 
events of the 18th and 14th ult., at Callao, of which you 
have been already informed, was but the premonitery re- 
velations jn the great disaster that had occurred The sea 
it was known, had been greatly a^tated, and risen to 
a great height, and inundated part ol the city, but, beyond 
dnving many persons from their homes in the terror which 
the fnrv of tne elements is well calculated to inspire, it 
was believed no serious disaster had occurred ; but it wau 
found that the whole western coast of South America had 
been visited by the most terrible earthquake that has ever 
occurred, and that eight cities, among the most important 
on the coast had ceased to exist. Many more cities are re- 
ported to have been more or less effected, and its effects 
were experienced at many points northward from Arica 
to Callao, a distance ot 650 miles, and southward to 
Cobija, a distance of 280 miles. Arica is the central point 
from which the effects of this disaster must be traced It 
is a seaport town of Peru, with a population of about 30,- 
OOO ; but, though a better landing place than most of the 
contiguous ports, owing to the heavy surf it has always 
been difficult and hazardous for shipping. About 5 o'clock 
in the afternoon, in the most mountainous part ol the 
country back of Arica, a sensation was experienced like 
the collision of two heavy masses, and from this point 
radiated North and South lo the distance I have already 



C5 



i ob* 
I time 
ruins, 
m in 
3, will 
dction 
10,000 
s also 
Doitseii 
leduct 
lito, in 
B and 

-»»The 
e coast 
iTst but 
id vjsit- 
st. The 
3h you 
tery re- 
rhesea 
isen to 
Ibcyond 
: which 
spire, it 
t it wa* 
-ica had 
las ever 
iportant 
8 are re- 
8 effects 
a Arica 
yrard to 
al point 
ced. It 
)out 30,- 
st oi the 
always 
o'clock 
ol the 
ced like 
s point 
already 



indicated* with consequeueos as terrible as ihcy were im- 
mediate Three undulations of the earth followed this un« 
3een convulsion ot nature, and each undulation was ac« 
companies by a tidal wave, the second oi greater lateral 
extent than the lirst, and the third greater than the second, 
Belbre proceeding to give any account of the disaster in 
other places, it may be well to relate all that I haye seen, 
or have been able to gather ot the character and extent 
of the catastrophe at Arica. A gentleman who was at 
that place when the disaster occurred gives a vivid des- 
cription of the scene. He says, the hour was that when 
by custom most of the inhabitants had just closed their la<. 
bors and at their homes, the instant the startling indications 
of an earthquake were felt, there wa^ a genera! n\bh for 
uncovered spaces, which were reached by many uninjured, 
but not by all. The streets became a scene o, ^erP»r; all 
the houses in the city trembled like a leat, then they 
surged, and some of them fell to pieces with crash alter 
crash. At this juncture, when the undulations Wi.re active, 
the earth opened in several places in long and almoei 
regular lines. The fissures were from one to three inches 
in width. The sensation was distmct as though some'< 
thin^ was rolling underneath. From every fissure there 
belched iorth dry earth like dust, which was followed by 
stifling gas, Owin^ to the demolition ol buildings and 
the general destruction of all kinds ot property, and the 
dust belched Iorth as well as that set in motion by the 
R-eneral tumult, a dense cloud was formed over the city that 
obscured the light. Beneath the cloud was the gas. which 
severely oppressed every living creature, and would have 
suflbcated all these if it had lingered longer stationary 
than it did which was only about 90 seconds. The un- 
dulationu vvere three in number. Each succeeding one 
was of greater magnitude tlian the former. When the 
undulations ceased, the cloud of dust ascended and dis- 
persed, and light was restored, then quakes at short inter* 
\als succeeded, ay though subterranean explosions or col" 
lisions were t;akjn^ place ; at this time people from all 
parts ol the city fled to hills, amid falling 'stones and tim» 
bers, which dej><;««ded from swaying walls and broadly 
rent buildings on the eve of crumbling into perlect ruin. 
Some were struck dead by the lalling materials, and others, 
w ere maimed, w hik? all w ore msulo to staggar from side to 
i^ide like j^eople in a s<ate oi intoxication. Many of both 



:!' I 



1, I 



1^, v-,-4. 



i I' 



■!.. •» 



i 



' I 



m 

«nMos caTri«*<l chiWren in their arms, and ihosct who had 
H*^t these, articles of value ; the avarice ot some was stronger 
than tear, even anM this teriible coiirulsion, and hence 
there were ihose who dallied to collect valuables, immy of 
them who suffered for temerity, either by the sacriiice of 
their lives, or otherwise. As the rush tor the hills con- 
tinuedf and stones and materialb^ of all kinds were tailing 
and the h<tmses crashing, the people were struck down, 
and either killed or dangerously hurt The water in the 
harbour was now receding Ironi the shore, bearing with it 
all the shipping at rapid si)eed, then the current changed, 
and beiore an almost overhanging, tremenduus wave, the 
vessels came back, tossed one way and then another, or 
whirled about as though they were only floating k)gs, and 
on the very summit of this immense volume ol water 
lode the United JStates steamer Wateree. The huge wave 
dat^d against the stone moles or pier, and shattered it all 
to ^)lk;ces, then swept from its path what was standing of 
the custom house, and almost every vestige of the ruins of 
other building-s; it rolled over the already destroyed 
houses of the city, and set a myriad of articles afloat which 
(Rldbd in every direction, while at the saitie time the 
vesit^s aiiicl iloatiug materials were lorced ahead of the 
wav«s at this time curhng and tbaming summit, every 
ihiug which it encountered in its course wais swept away 
in aa instant ; even great masses ot stones were rolled over 
and over. Whtsn the force of the waves were spent, it re- 
tired, and in a short time the equilibrium of the water 
waa restored, and then it occupied about the same time 
and presented nearly the same appearance as it did betore 
the owrthquake. The vessels carried inland were a tei« 
i^c sight. The most of them were bottom upward. 
Their masts had been snapped like sticks. All this dread- 
ful picture the refugees on the hills were now beholding. 
Many of them did so with the most marked evidences of 
fear, because quakes ot the earth were still iielt at short 
iatervals. The Wateree was grounded inland at a quarter 
of a mile from the beach, on the line of a railroad. Near 
tte Wateree a l:*eruvian war vessel was also grounded and 
so g«itly that none of its rigging nor any of its timbers 
were impaired. On board the Teruvian war steamer 81) 
Uvea were reported to have been lost. The United States 
storeship Fredonia was upset, and all her crew were 
drowned accowling *o report. Those who escaped were 



m 



> had 
ongt>r 
hence 
iny ot* 
ioe of 
i con- 
lalling 
down, 
in tho 
vith it 
mged, 
re, the 
ler, or 
^s. and 
water 
J wave 
d it all 
ling of 
ains of 
itroyed 
which 
ne the 
(»f the 
every 
t away 
id over 
it re- 
water 
e time 
belore 
litei« 
pwmrd. 
dread- 
oldiag. 
nce8 of 
; short 
uarter 
Near 
odand 
imbers 
mer 81) 
1 8tBte» 
V were 
d were 



the captain, surgeon, stud a paymastof, who were on shoro 
when the earthquake occur reii, and sotight . refVisfe on the 
hills. A British vessd called the Chanarellic lost maily of 
her tarcw, who were tumbled overboard. A United States 
bng, name not known, was ibnndered with all on board. 
The resfjel, it is reported, Was laden with guano. Tho 
rest of the shipping destroyed were South America coas^ 
ters. The fatal casioalties in the city were about 60, and 
the other casualties about 100, The total loe» on smp. 
bonrd was about 500, principally fatal. The rdugees rs^ 
mained on the hills lor two days, during which time they 
sujibred greatly for food ; at the same time the quakes con- 
tinned as beiore, at intervals. In time their buffering be- 
came so intense that the xnales had to ^o in search of lood, 
a limited quantity of which they found in a damaged con- 
dition, ana with this they succored their families. 'I'ho 
second morning after the earthquake, a light draught 
coasting vessel entered the harbor, but did not remain 
long at anchor. As soon as the captain became aware of 
what had happened, he took on board a number of people, 
and left with them for Oal.ao ; thence one of the parlies 
got to Panama. It was impossible for any one to stand, 
men fell as though they were intoxicated. "Die shock was 
so serere as to cause the earth to roll from side to side, 
that the bells of the churched were set in motion 



so 



and chimed lorth doldul peals r the houses rocked iVom 
side to side, the earth rose and fell, and all the motions of 
a steamer in rough weather were experienced. After 
this frequent shocks were felt, and the sea began to leave 
the land about the same time and in the same manner as 
at other points, until 10 o'clock, when a complete inunda- 
tion took place. The port of Cerro-Azal was destroyed 
by i» inundation. The loss is over $50,000. The beau- 
tiful city of Arequipa is completely destroyed, not a church 
has been left standing nor a house habitable. The houses 
being very solidly built and only one story high, resisted 
lor a lew minutes, afibrding time for many of the inhabi- 
tants to get into the streets, so that the mortality, although 
great, is not so coasiderabie as it might have been. But 
at least 2,0tX) pereons perished. The convicts in the pub- 
lic prisons and th^^ sick in the hospitals were all crushed 
ro death. The shrieks of the men, women and children, 
irantic with fright, the crash ot falling masonry the up- 
heaving ol the earth, and the clouds of burning and siif- 



m 






locating dust, altogether constituted a «ccrte Xvhich bafAos 
duscription. The earth continued in motion for eighteen 
hours, and slight shocks are still felt. Chala is a heap of 
The inhabitants sfli'cd themseltes by running to 



Tuins. 



ihc mountain. The town of Tarn bo is also washed away^ 
and it is reported that 600 persons perished. The towns 
of Trobaja, Vitar, MoUendo^ and Megla, itnd over 150 
miles around were completely destroyed. In the twa 
latter places the material buildings of the Areqttipa Raii' 
road were deposited on the grtrand» all cff which were 
swept away. In fact the whole coast south of Callaoi, as 
far as Iquique^ is one mass of ruins. The mtmber of Hvec^ 
lost cannot yet be rightly asceiiaitted, but must be rery 
heavy. The loss to Peru by this terrible visitation 4s be- 
yond all calculation, and the misery and desolation which 
must follow in the Wake of this catastrophe is beyond all 
description." - i t.>-n 

Chincha Istands.— On the morning of the 13th^ the 
sun shone brighter than it Was ever known to do in tiue 
season ot the year, calhnar forth rematks from all peraons 
as a strange and unusual sight A strong but pleasant 
brefze was blowing at the tiffle, argumc fane weather. — 
I^evertheless. on the north part of the Island, at a long 
distance off, a reddish vapor was seen arising out of the 
sea, and at 12:20 p. m., a strong wind sprunc up from the 
couth almost approaching a hurricane^ which lasted luitii 
4:38 p. m., alter which a prolonged and distant noise wast 
ieard resembling thunder. A complete calm ensued im« 
mediately, after which the first shock of earthquake took 
place. This lasted for four minutes 18 seconds ; to great 
was the motion that people w^cre thrown down» After 
this a mighty crash was heard, as though a powerful wave 
liad broken on the rocks i but the sea was calm. At 5:5ft 
p. m., the earth again beffan to tremble, and continued to 
do so for two and a half hours. The sea now became en- 
tirely calm, bnt the birds w^ere seen abandoning the sea 
and rocks and soaring to the element above, screeching 
most hornblj' , as though they were aware of what was 
about to take place. The night became pitch dark, noih- 
ing could he seen over sea or land, the breeze felt during 
the d»y began to blow, adding further terror bD the people 
who were momently expecting the island to be swallow- 
ed up. At 9:46 p. m., persons living in the vicinity of the 



09 



mole noticed that the water was leaving the land, and the 
alarm was immediateljr given, se sale el mar. Nothing can 
describe the terror which prevailed on the north island.—^ 
1 he papulation, consisting of from 500 to 600 souls, all 
fcnssook their houses, and took reiuge on the highest part 
of the island, some liaked, others sick and infirm, women 
and children, all thronged in one spot, dumb with terror. 
At 10 p.m., the breeze lulled and the heavens cleared so 
that a: -view could be obtained of the sea, which had retir* 
ed from ike land about 70 yards. This circumstance is 
the more rtoiarkable irom the fact that the depth of the 
wiater m the bay at low tide is from 15 to 20 fathoms, but 
soon after the water was seen to rise iQ the shape of a 
colossal wave, and in less time than it takes to describe it 
it had almost covered the island, washing away the houses 
and everything it came in contact with. The losses are 
heavy. Both moles are destroyed, many launches brok- 
en to pieces, and the houses in the vicinity washed away. 
In one of these was a iamily of three, husband, wife and 
child. My iniormant says that after the sea became quiet 
he procured a boat and proceeded to the other two islands 
to ascertain the damage done to the shipping. He said : 
' .When we arrived at the foot of the channel, we heard a 
noise heartrending and doleful. Tne sea rose and fell at 
the rate of ten feet in every three or four minutes, and I 
saw the vessels in awful contusion. Some had parted 
their chains and were drifting on the rocks, and others 
endeavored to get und^r way. I could not force my men 
to procf led further, and we were compelled to return. I 
am unable to ^ve your readers an entire and correct list 
of the vessels injured and lost, but the following are among 
those whic^ have sufiered the most : — English ship Reso- 
lute, partly destroyed; English ship Eastern Empire, 
greatly damaged ; English snip Royal Oak, in a very bad 
state ; Prussian barque Leopold Hod, an entire wreck ; 
English ship Oceanica, nearly an entire wreck ; Englisfi 
ship Southern Ocean, greatly damaged, and also, Ameri- 
can, ship Shatemuc. All the ships have sufiered more or 
less, as 'mil compel them to go into repairs.'' 

GuAOAQUi, August 26. — "We are in the midst of horrors. 
The mail from the capital arrived here yesterday after- 
noon, and has brought frightful news. A terrific earth- 
quake took place at Quito, at 1:20 a. m., on the 16th inst., 





r 






» 

which extended in m greater or leis degpree over the whofcr 
of tiie northern part of the Kepabtic The loss of life is: 
irightfdl ; it is eatpaated that nearly 80,000 persona perish- 
ed. The towns of Ibarra^ 01av«k>; San Antonio and Rini' 
00, and nnmbevless £urm8,are ynpedoS thefinxrof the 
earth. The sttffering of these poor people^ who aire wand' 
erin^ o>vrer iAm covatry^ without meoeyr withoat food and 
clothings eannot be describedr Bnsinefls of all kiaiil is to* 
taliy swpendied. The panic is so great that the people 
think oMy tosare themselTes £ram impendmg abstraction, 
hence a terrible picture will soon be presontM-'HMstiial 
£unine and starvatian most ensue. The details thus far 
to hand are hari^wing enough, but worse muat e^ne.-*- 
The following is a tra?»alation of a oonfeUunieation irom the 
GU>veTnor ot the Fro\Fiiice of Imbabora^ reeedted here 
yesterday. It is dated 

Ibaxba, August 17, im^.—** In the niidst of the most 

groibuhd consternation, which has filled the few who 
aye escaped the complete destruction asld rtdn of this 
town, 1 haTe to intorm y*U that on ISundlay,. the IMi 
inst.,at 1 o'dock m the morain^, the entire town of Ibar^ 
rawas buried in its own rums. Induced by a tenible 
earthquake, originating^ it is beMeved, in the tokano 
Ocampoof this town. There remains nothing but shape* 
less rmns, and but one sixth of the population surviY^.**^ 
Of those who remain alive the greater portion are maini''^ 
ed and injured for life. All the towUs in this ridnity 
hare likewise been destroyed. The shocks oontiuue to 
this writing, beina repeated every hour.'' Reader, the 
sad picture presented to our riew in this calamity is be* 
yona any dissoription, 1, therefore, shall let the curtain 
drop, and leave the conrideration of this thrilling subject 
to someone else. I am at least satisfied that wc ar^ now 
having the true fulfilment of the Divine prediction ci 
oor Saviour in Matthew xxiv, t ; St. Mark xni^ 8 ; Sti 
Luke xxi, 2S» And their shall be signs in the sun, and 
in the moon, and in the stars ; and upon the earth distreas 
of nations, with perplexity ; the sea and the waven toar^ 
ing ; men's hearts tailing them for fear> and lor ioMng 
alter those things which arc ooming on the earth." 



iibr**-- 



«o i\n 






,.ivUi iiiat- cm- Cv ..;;, .& t.'...i H .Qiijy aK^.j«dq iws*i uA' 



lifeisi 
teriflh- 

>f the 
wand' 
id and 
lis to* 
people 
Hction, 
•Actoal 
Ills far 



omibe 
d hexor 

lem^t 
«r wh© 
of this 
le l§tb 
bflbax^ 

^okatio 
k shape* 

i inanii<^ 

ricuiity 

Hutieto 

ler, th^ 

yiibc- 

curtain 

sabjeet 

f^ now 

ition ci 

8 ; Sti 

m, and 

distress 

lett roar- 

locking 

• of 

• >l' 






71 



•^Kt^l i 1. T!Miclcnuii at length ar«bMi(kmg, 
, fi%t ) 1 The dftvn wiU eoon aji^pear, 

vilr/ i,//ni; AndUigiii,ihereiBiioimiit»kein, 
Froaaim, Meesiah s new. 



I A 1 ^i"l^ Willi JJ J. ^, IMf XUm. B JAVCBA^ ' *A t 

(-**(' 2. Awake, awake, from eleepijiK, 'TVl'f *I3t< f( ''^A 

And let your work* abouad ; /j„, ^^jy./; , ,^^^^, 

A nraT^tnvm/v w&«**vrm/v a<^<k1r««r\«w * 

'^t'Kf 0!. 1 









Be watching, praying, aeekiiig, 

For soon the " Trump will sound." 



Oi i 



3. Awake ye ilumbeidng virguu, 

Send forth the solemn ory ; 
Let .all the saints repeat xt^ 
The BcidegMom draweth nigh. 

4. Let all your lamps be iMiniing, 

Your loins well guarded be ; 
"• * Each longing heart preparing, 
1 i i ' : With Joy thy face io see. 












Brethren, while we sojourn bene, 
Fight we must, hut shauld not fear ; 
Foes we have, but weVe », friend, w . 
One who loves us to tlie end. . < 

Forward then, with courage go, 
Long we shall not dwell below ; 
Soon the joyful news will come : 
Child, your father calk — Come home. 1 



■j 



'J .■ , J 



S.'?- 



.7 , ; ,' A 



The ways of religion tme pleasure afford. 

No pleaaures can ibqiial the joys of the Lord ; '^\f 

Foraake then, the world and escape for thy life. 

And look not behind you, remember Lot's wile. .14 



Our next chapter, leader, will give a brief account of 
some oi Up^e greatest fires of the last three yeanife i 



/ -^^ 



CHAPTER VIII. 



.J 






f ., * 



J>i:i;k'.^.A 



Boston, Nov. 1, 1867 — Two lar^e shoe manufacturics 
in Sondibore, belonging to Messrs/John Hart & Co , shoe 
dealers, at 114 Pean St., in this ciiy^, were dfstioyed by 
hre on Tuesday morning. Loss, $100/)00. t ;c«»r »il ,it 

Steamboat Explosion.— Cincinnati, Jan. 80, 1867. 
The steamer Miami, which exploded on the Arkansas 
Biver, had about 250 passengers on board, among whom 



72 



fr 



wero 91 men of Company 13, of the 13th United States 
Cavalrr. The exploedon was of such force as to rend 
the cabin floor asunder and let every person down who 
was in the front part 6f the cabin. 150 persons perishea. 

Another Explosion. — Cincinnati, Jan. 31, 1867, The 
steamer Missouri, which exploded in the Ohio River had 
120 persons on board. The latest information from Erans- 
welle places the loss of lite at 100. The Missouri w^as 
valued at $100,000 and went all down. 

FiPE AT Buffalo, Jan. 20, 18C8 — About hall-past 10 
o'clock, laisl iiight, a tire broke out in the rear ot Altmau 
& Co.'s five story brick clothijig store, destroying property 
to the amount of $300,000. 

From the New York Hei'ald, 18th Dec, 1807.-" In six 
months twenty steamboats, ten bargea and three wharf 
boals have been destroyed by fire on the rivers of the 
west and south west. Total loss 81 ,197,000." 

New York Tribu/ie^ March, 1867. — "The losses by fire 
in the United States, for several weeks, have averaged 
half a million dollars daily. The steamer Xerxes, from 
Cincinnati to New Orleans, with a fall cargo, struck the 
sunken wreck of the Black Hawk below Mound City, 
took fire and w-as entirely consumed. The boat was 
valued at $60,000." ^v ,-. 

McGregor, Iowa, Dec. 8th, 1867. — A fire this morn- 
ing consumed the Post Office, McGregor House, Mozart 
K[all, and some wooden buildings on the opposite side of 
tlie street. Loss estimated at $70,000. 

Cincinnati, April dth, 1868. — A fire at Edinjury, Ind., 
on Friday, destroyed the Johnson House, Dembert & Co.'s 
woolen lactory, and ^ickett & Co.'s distillery. Loss $60,- 
000. 

Ashland, Pa., April 9th, 18S6. — There was a tremen- 
dous fire in this town last night. One whole square was 
destroyed. Loss $70,000. 

From the Boston TVow/ier, March, 1867. — ''The exten- 
sive Ibundrv and locomotive works, Ibrmerly known as 
the Boston Locomotive Works, was nearly destroyed by 
lire on Saturday night. Loss, ^75,000. 

On Saturday nij^ht a fire broke out at the furniture 
^•tore of VV.W. Servingj Chicago. Loss, 1; 100,000.— i/crfl/ti. 



rs 



states 
» rend 
1 who 
rishea. 

; The 
er had 
Eraiis- 
iri was 

lafit 10 
Utinaii 
ioi)erty 

" In six 
! wharf 
5 of the 

by fire 
reraged 
IS, from 
ack the 
iidCity, 
oat was 

s mom- 
, Mozart 
side of 

ry, Ind., 

& Co/s 

OSS $60,- 

tremen- 
lare was 

lc exten- 
uawn as 
oyed by 

urniture 
UJItrald. 



•New York, Jan. 21st, ^807. — "The storas^t* ware- 
house of Miller &; Coupler, wasdestroyod by tire last m<j>;ht. 
Loss, $500,000. A destructive lire occnrecl iu Louisville, 
Kentucky, on l^Mday uii^ht, destroying the establishment 
ot Newcombe, tiuchannon 6c Co. Loi», $^00,000." 

.-- Waterloo. Ind., Feb., 1867.—The Union Flour Mills 
were destroyed by lire this morning. Loss, $20,000. 

Chicairo, Feb., 1867.— The St. Charles Paper Mill, at 
St. Charles, 111., was destroyed by fire on Sunday night. 
Loss $110,000.— rn6w/<?. 

New York, Feb., 1866.— -Last night 'the Bleeker Street 
and Fulton Ferry Railroad Companies stables were de- 
stroyed by fire. Loss, $40,OUO,— f/^raW. , 

Albany, Feb., 1S66. — A fire this morning destroyed on 
First Street, property to the amount ol $45,000. 

Burning of a Ship at Ska, Feb. 1860.— London Times : 
The Maggie Atkinson, of Shields, Irom Tuticorin, with a 
cargo ol cotton valued at $250,000, was tqtally burned on 
the 13th, in lat. 25 N., Ion. 39 W. The following table 
gives the losses by fire in the United States, from 1856 to 
1864, inclusive, at $171,449,000. , .,. .v 

G^REAT Fire at Valpariso, Nov. 1866 — Destruction 
of projjerty by tire to the amount of 83,000,000, Th^ vil- 
lage of Lima was visited by a destructive fire on Friday 
morning -, three blocks burned. Loss $20,000. The City 
Hotel, Madison, Wis., was burned, Dec. 14th, Loss, $25,- 
000.— Tribune. »^-» 

Racine. Wis., Jap., 1866. — A fire this morning destroy- 
ed the Racine Hous^ block, the Titus block, the Telegraph 
Office, and other buildings. — Loss 1 100,000. *-•*-: 

New York, March, 1867. — A fire broke out this morn- 
ing in the cotton storage of E. C, Johni-on, Ko. 4 Bridge 
St., and destroyed property to the value ol $300,000. 

St Louis, Oct, 1867. — Lewis Leith's vinegar factory, on 
the comer of Washington street and Franklin Avenue, 
was bunded this morning. Loss ^40,000. o an ^-jjmuiL 

Battle Creek Heraidy March, 1866.— The losses by fire 
throughout the United States for the six months just end- 
ed, exceed those of the whole ot any previous year. 
ReckouedatJ«,00.0,OpO., ,,,,,,_,,,„,., ^^ ,,^,, 



74 



Dareupori« Iowa, Dec, |867. — A lire 1^91 night de- 
stroyed property to the amount of $60,000. »/ 

N. y., TribuMe^ 1860. — An eitensiTo fir© oc(mred on 
Saturday night on the corner of St. Charles and Canal 
streets, and destroyed property to the amount of $60,000. 

New Haven, Conn., Jan., 1867. — A fire broke out here 
thit< morning in Wenhall's extensive carriage and car fac- 
tory. Loss $50,000. < 

N. Y. Tribune^ Feb., 1867. — A fire this morning destroy- 
ed the City Assembly Rooms, the American Theatre, and 
several stores in Broadway. Loss $200,000. 

St Louis, Mo., 1867. — The tobacco factory of Migers & 
Drummond, Alton, HI., and one or two adjoining stores, 
were burned last iiaturday. Loss $30,000. 

From the Battle Creek Herald, 1866.— The past two 
years have been marked by a greater number uf serious 
conflagrations in every part of the country than had over 
been Known beibre. Scarce a town ot any considerable 
size has escaped, but none has suffered so tremendously as 
the beautif"! city oi Portland, the second maritime town 
of New i igland. More than one- half of its biddings 
were destroyed. Among them were five churches, its 
beautiful City Hall, all its bank and newspaper offices, its 
manulactories and stores, audits great hotels: The loss 
is said to exceed in value $10,000,000, and there are losses 
in such cases which oannotbe estimated at a money co(n> 
putation, x^l^r- 

New York Tributie, 186T.— The recent fire at St. Louis. 
The loss by the steamboat fire at St Louis, Feb. 26th| in- 
cluding the cargoes ot the Dictator and Luna, and freight 
burned on the leyeo, is estimated at $750,000. The liu.; "- 
sion school house was burned at 2 o'clock this morning. 
Loss $40,000. 

Terrific Explosion. — A terrific explosion occured on 
I'uesday evening at the furnace of J. & H. J. Weilljr, in 
^iddleten, resulting in the complete destruction of the 
furnace, the death of five men, and the wounding of six 
others. Eight boilers were in the furnace, one was rais- 
ed throug'h the building, carried 500 yards and lodged in 
the Pennsylvania canal. The other boilers were scatter- 
ed in every direction, some of them passing through 
houses ana other buildings. A portion of one boiler was 



75 



t do- 

d on 
Uanal 
0,000. 

t here 
arfao- 

Mstroy- 
3, and 

rersSc 
stores, 

st two 
serious 
1 over 
lerable 
nsly as 
e town 
ildin^ 
bes, its 
ces, its 
he loss 
losses 
y cm^ 

. Louis. 
;6th^ in- 
freight 
le IW.;;"- 

orning. 

ared on 
illy, in 
ot the 
I of six 
as rais- 
dgedin 
scatter- 
through 
iler was 



harled through a room in which two women were lying 
sick, but missed thorn. The bridffe over the Union ca- 
nal was carried away. Many ot the buildings in the vicin- 
ity were nnoro or less shattered by the fragments, and the 
w^olo town was shaken. The loss exceeds 1500,000. 

Sc. LottW, Feb., 1866. — The steamers Luna, Leviathan, 
and Peytona, were burned at the levee, together with a 
large amount of freight. The loss cannot be ascertained 
as yet, but it wih at least reach $500,000. 

The New York Time* says that it has been estimated 
upon good autnority, that the losses by fire, during 1866, 
in the States, including the Portland lire, exceeds $15,000,- 
000. 

Philadelphia, Jan., 1866. *A very destructive fire broke 
out here this morning, the 2nd, in Chestnut street The 
buildings, 607 Chestnut stx^eet, occupied by Harnden's 
Express Co., Nos. 603 and 605, by KockUU & Wilson, 
wholesale clothiers, and 609 by Perry & Co., clothiers, 
were almost entirely destroyed. The walls fell into the 
street and aosne of the firemen were injured. Loss, |100y 
000. 

From the Weekly Globe. — Great fire inOaebec. It 

lasted 18 hours. ^^500 houses destroyed 18,000 ^raons 

rendered houseless. Several lives lost. The estimated 
loss nearly |S,000/)00. 

St. Louis, April, 1867. — The steamers Major Effie Deans, 
l^erada, Fatmie Og[den, and Frank Bates were burned 
at the levee this morning. The boats belonged to the 
North American Fur Company, and were heavily laden 
with supplies for their trading posts. The loss on the 
boats ana cargoes, $525,000. 

New York Tribune, July 19, 1866.— The rope fiactory 
of Henry Lawrence & Sons, "Williamsburgh, was struck 
by lightning yesterday, four boilers exploded, two of which 
were driven tnrouQfh a brick wall to a distance of 600 feet, 
destroying several large trees in thei^ course; The other 
two pass^ through a brick stable, which was completely 
destroyed ; one man was killed. The damag'^ '3 over 120,- 
000. The Presbyterian church, on bran.' n Avenue, 
Brooklyn, was damaged by lightning. Two persons were 
killed in the streets of Brooklyn. The cotton seed oil fac- 
tory of the N. y. Oil Co., 19th street, and the Primary 



m It 



ISchool Hoube acljuinino', wore de.stvoyal by lireliist ni*jht. 
The macaroui tactory oi* Air. Billings was damaged. Jjcws 
ol" those, $/iO,000. Wjuf ' Ht it - rwl^ vi /'* Vv . :«»> rhv iiiji 

Great ('onklaouation at Detroit.— The moRt des- 
tructive couflaffratior. that has ever aiilicted crar city, oo 
ci^Ted.lajst evening at an early hour, causing a loas, the 
enorinous amount oi which will reach, without ezag^ei' 
ation, the sum ol li^l,00O,OO0. The I'reiffht depot and shed 
oi the Central KaUroad, stored with valuable commodities 
representing capital of all portions of the country, were 
totally destroyed, crippling the powers of one oi' the most 
importaiit and enterprising corporations of the "West, and 
inniotin^ blows upoh our business interests, which, if not 
amountnig to total paralysis, will seriously retard their 
developmeiit. The disaster is a momentous one, and wo 
chf onicle its detail* with a regret that we hare nevcfr be- 
fore beeii compelled to feel at any merely local calamity. 

Ofewego, Dec, 1866. — The steam saw mfll owned by 
Chandler Sc Co., Wihnot, si'nated in the cove on the Kast 
side of the rivet m this city, was consumed by foe last 
ni^ht The schooner J. L. Crocker had her masts and 
bowsprit destroyed. The total loss is over $30,000. 

Philadelphia, Ont., 1866.— The large new Hy^ stOry 
grist mill 01 Jacob Kelne, nfear I'hickemin, Somerset coun- 
ty, N. J., was destroyed by itre this morning ; a quantity 
of grain was destroyed also. The loss is over $25,000. 

' N. y , Feb., 1867.— Yesterday afternoon, Hillyer & 
toons' drug mills, Jersy City,,weii6 destroyed try fire, toss 

$20,000. ' ;';' ' 

New Haven, Ct, Feb. 9th, 1866 — Lastnig-ht a large 
tobacco warehouse in New London, Conn., containing 

some $20,000 worth ot tobacco, was destroyed by fire, ana 

11 If ,.\ J. - I :^<i . » ^A ' .. i„ 

cLU lUDU , Lii fr .,. . 1 ,. . 1 « -• 

I \ . ,■ . . r • 111 ' 

I 

St. Louis, Feb. 12, 1867. — The car-house and repair 
shqp oi the Ohio and Mississippi Railroad, opposite this 
city; was burned this morning together with sixteen cars. 
Loss About $40,000. v ,'^?aiiK ^ ir^i h *w/'*v 

. ', . 

From the Globe^ 1866. — "We have received intelligence 
Irom a correspondent at Elora, that at the early hour of 
three o'clock on Saturday morning a fire baoke out at the 
Elora Mills and Distillery, owned by J. M. Frazer, Esq., 



77 



it des- 
ty, oo 
B, the 
agffer- 
1 shed 
odities 

were 
lomost 
Bt, and 

if not 
i their 
ind wo 
wet bc- 
ilamity. 

ncd by 
be East 
ire last 
istsand 
)0. • 

•r 

e story 
et coiin- 
^uantity 
000. 

llyer^ & 
e. Loss 

a large 
Ixtainiug 
re, and 



repair 
to ibis 
ben cars. 

Uligence 
bour of 

it at the 
?r, Esq., 



and ill less than an hour the whole ot the premises were 
completely destroyed. The loss is 1(^20,000. 

Iribune^ 1867. — The tliiited States bonded warehouse 
on IJickerson street wharf, containing 4,000 barrels of coal 
oil, belonguig to various parties. Loss $96,000 

Pithole, Oct. 9th, 1866.— The most destructive con- 
flagration that ever took place in the oil regions occurred 
here atone o'clock this mornin*:^, which terminated with- 
out loss of life. The tanks of the largest ilovving well in 
Pithole, known as Grant's, containing 4,000 bbls. of oil 
caught tire, spreading destruction in all directions. Thir- 
teen derricks and engine houses on the following leases 
were destroyed : No's. 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22 and 28, and 
on Hormder farm, and No's. 24 and 25 on the Morris farm, 
covering a surface of five acres. The total loss will leach 
$160,000. 

Destructive Fire at Ottawa.— From the Ottawa 
Citizen, Oct. 15, 1868. — We had a large fire in this city 
last Sunday morning, destroying property belonging to 
various parties, to the amount of from $20,000 to $50,000. 

Tribune, 1866.— N. Y. Aug. 20.— A fire at Jersey City 
yesterday, was one of the most disastrous that ever oc- 
curred in this vicinity. It burned from eight a. m. till 
nightfall. It broke out on the schooner Alfred Barrett, 
lying at the oil pier on Jersey shore She was laden with 
oil, and was to have started for Boston this morning. On 
her catching hre she blew up, and the flames spread with 
great rapidity to the adjoining piers and vessels. Two 
piers were totally destroyed and one partially. Thirteen 
lives lost and several persons injured. The loss of the 
property was estimated at about $2,000,000. 

Tremendous Fire in (Jariboo. — The principid town 
in ashes. One hundred houses burnt. 1/Oss over one 
million dollars, ($ 1 ,000,000.) 

From the British Columbian, New Westminster, Sept. 
23, 1868. — It becomes our painful duty to chronicle a fire 
in comparison with which all that have previously hap- 
pened In this Colony are as a drop to the bucket. On 
Wednesday, the 16tn inst., about 2 p. m , a fire broke out 
in Barry's saloon, Barkerville, and before 5 o'clock the 
entire town was one mass of smouldering ashes. When it 
is understood that Barkerville was the i)rinci]>al io\\a in. 

10 






I,;'r 






7« 

Cariboo, the dt-pot in lact, lor tbatciitirnrc^on, sonic idoii 
may be lormecl a« to the extent ol* the (lisa8f<}r The loss is 
variously estimated Irom $1,000,0(0 to 32,000,000. And if 
the cost, or, indeed, the market valuo ol' th(; buildini^ be 
taken into the accounl, we i'enr that the hiirher lii^urc 
"wonld not be ibniid out oi the way. With winter so near, 
and no time io replace much that has been burned, it is 
to be leared that ilic niininj*' interests must sutler, and 
that many who would otherwise haveremain(.»din Cariboo, 
will now have to leave the mines. Unquestionably there 
must be a very large quantity ol' pjoods in transit between 
the seaboard and Cariboo, lor shipments were never so 
heavy iis they have been during- the past six or ei^ht weektv 
But, view the matter in the most lavorable light, one 
cannot avoid the conclusion, thai to havii some tyvo mil- 
lion dollars worth ot'property swept away m a moment, 
and so large a population lelt not only i)enniless l)ut house- 
less at this late season, is a blow sulliciently heavy to make 
itscli* ielt throughout every district and in evorv interest. 

Aly kind reader I shall make one quotation more belbre 
I bring this (;alaraatous subject to a close. 

From the Philadelphia Ijcdf^er, oF Nov., 1866, who says : 
— From May 15th to October 15th, (five months) there 
were 68 railway accidents, and iu the whole year io date 
not less than 100. * Thirty millions would be a modeiit 
reckoning,' says the writer ([uoted above : ''For the loss in- 
volved in demoUshcd lives and property. Probably 300 
have been killed, and more than 600 injured in every 
shape, during the year. 65 disasters by steamboat ex- 
plosions and shii)\vreck are also noted. Several of thesti 
catastrophes which crimsoned river and ocean, far and 
wide, and r<»memf)ered in all their awful poetry, and 
helpless agony and terror. From the Sultana, some 1,- 
200 Ibuiui a muddy grave in the Mississippi, 400 went 
<lovvn in tiie burnuig ship Nelson, 250 with the Brother 
Jonathan, and 100 in the l*"wabic, 8,000 lives, it may be 
reckoned, have been lost between April and September.' 
In addition, may be added, a gn^at vari»»ty of miscellane- 
ous casual tie? from mcavations, burnings, crushings, shoot- 
ings, cuttings, and iHuticularly exj)losions, from which latter 
cause an enumeration of only five cases gives a list ol kill- 
ed and wounded, reaching lieaily 2,000. The same writer 
baya :— Wo suU hear the most heartrending uccoimts ol 



<lis,vslpr> ai s(m, cnnsod by ilip rc^ooni storm in tho OuU'of 
!V!<^xico ami cm iho coasts ol' vJaroliiia and Florida. At 
irast lOO vesKels Jia\'(' bot^Ji wrecked and many lives lost. 
(yonllaGfrations must be added to the catalogue of items in 
the area of ruin. 155 iire.s J^etween A[)ril and October 
l5th aTe minuted. A l)riet ta1)l»» of losses is subjoined. — 

The loss by unenumerated iires $30,000,000 

Jhirnini]^ of the Uovernmeiit Works in Tenn... 10,000,000 

Warehouse eonllagration in New York 3,000,000 

Other iires, also ],500,(»00 

Jn the same period, fires in Canada .,, I,ri00,000 

Grand total in six months $45,000,000 

My intelligent rejul<'r will, I think, admit that the Iires 
of late is unusual in the extreme. The Prophet Amos, iv, 
9, IS, says . — " 1 have smitten you with blastini^ and mil- 
dew ; when your gardens and your vineyards and your 
Jii^ trees and your olive trees increased, the palmerwonn 
devoured them ; yet have ye jiot returned unto me saith 
the l^ord. I hav<» s(Mit amonu' you the pestilence after the 
manner of Kprypt." Se<^ Kxodus, 7th, sth, 0th, lOth and 
nth chapters, and I thiidc tke n«»xt three years will fulfil 
this verse in Amos." Verse ii, " I have overthrown some 
of them as Ood overthrew vSodom and Gomorrah." Hee 
Uenesis, xix, 23, 24, and 25. RiMider, the reason I refer 
you to this hust passaged is, that I expect according to 
Amos' prediction, some of our ungodly cities before three 
years will bo burned, as Sodom and Gomorra were in the 
time of Lot. ♦ 



giro mo tlio Bible— tho »t.atiites of hoaroti, 
Its j^reat coiiatitution I kiu»w to bo pure ; 

All ten «)f itJ5 procopts in ju.stice aro jfivcn, 
And all ia divinuand \aialttnal)ly Huro. 

1 knoH' wlicn I road thoin in lovo tliey woro blondcd, 
Nor one dimnnllod since the tinuj they were framed, 

No ionl lugiwlation has ever amended, 

One jot or one tittle that therein is named. 

The old-fashioned Hihlo, the dear blessed Jiiblo, 
The family liilde that lies on the stand. 

Tho' thousands have written a substitute f'^r them, 
To sway over others tho sceptre and .swoni, 

Yot even una.'t(;red these laws lie bi'fon; them, 
linchaiJj.;od u,nd inuuutHble — word of tho Lord. 



mm 



f 



'tit i 



I. 
« 



Then u'lve me my Bible and let m© obey it, ^ . 
/ Inatead of the statutes and doctrinen of men 

Aside for a moment, forbid I should Iny it, 

To listen and argue for doginan again. 
The old fashioned Bible, the dear blessed Bible, 

The family Bible, that lies on the stand. , 

The next and last chaptf^r of this book I shall introduce 
by way of a dialogue between the reader and writer. 



CHAnER IX. 



I hold that the usual fires. Hoods, hurricanes, pestilence, 
famine, earthquakes and crimes, a sure sign of the com- 
ing of tlie day of judgment. See Matthew xxiv ; Mark 
xiii and St. Luke xxi, chapters, Jfead also Amas iv, 9, H>, 
II ; Haggai ii, 16,17. In those chapters are mention 
made of what was to be the tokens of the coming of 
Christ. The Header — But how can it bo known defmite 
about the coming of ('hrist ? Writer — First,! argue that 
God has not altered, but is the same yesterday, to-day and 
for ever. God informed Noah of the flood, and the Ajwstle 
l*eter, in his second (»pi.stie, chapter ii and verse 6, calls 
Noah a preacher o*" righteousness. Now, I would ask the 
reader candidly what did Noah preach? Noah was in- 
formed by Jehovah that he was to bring a flood 
upon that ungodly generation in which Noah was among. 
And to my mind, reader, Noah, as every godly man would 
do, went to i>reach the truth of the flood lo those that were 
around him ; otherwise, Ciod could not be justihed in 
bringing thr flood without due warning. Jieader — This 
truly is admitted, hut what gain is the admission to you V 
Wiiter — Kvery gain. Kor surely the antedeluvian age 
"was not more interested in their salvation than we are, 
and if it is as we say, C? o<l is not partial, and surely he is 
not ; then, they got iiotilied ol the flood, why not we of 
the end of time ? And very beautifully this is illustrated 
by our Saviour in Matthew xxiv, 37,38. Where Christ 
8ays, that as it wajs in the days ol Noah, so should it be in 
his coming. Reader — Yes, but Christ said " of that day and 
hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but 
the Father only." Writer — Christ said, 1 believe the very 
words a})out IhuO years ngo ; but, Chiistdid not sav that 



81 



reduce 



tilence, 
le com- 
; Mark 

neutioii 
linj^ ol" 
dt^tmite 
rue that 
lay and 
Aiwstle 
5, callN 
auk the 
was in- 
a flood 
among, 
I would 
lat wen^ 
ified ill 
r— This 
to you V 
an agf 
we are, 
?ly he is 
)t we ot 
ustrated 
5 (Christ 
it be in 
day and 
A'en, but 
the very 
sav that 



no man, ^^orAni^els, nor Fie hiinsi^H", over should know the 
day and hour, tor, if Crod is not chaniyed, them olhis iK»oi>le 
that is living immediately belore the coming ot Christ wdl 
know, as Noah and Lot did. See Genesis vii, 4 "For 
yet seven days," (here is definite time i»*iven, " seven days,') 
never forget this reader, in your arj^ruments about the day 
and hour. Read also, Genesis xviii chapter, on the df- 
struction of the cities of the plain. Remember also, what 
kind ot people w»js to be on the earth at the last days. 
Peter says, " there shall come in the last days scollern, 
and sayinpf where is the promise oi his ci»min<r V" Now, 
in all earnestness, 1 would ask the reader how could the 
scoffer speak thus it there was no one settinj^ forth the 
promise ot His, Christ's comini^ ; it would be a p(»rversion 
of terms, whicli I shall not admit to be existinji^ in God's 
word. And aijnin, hear what our Saviour says in Matthew 
xiiv, 45. •• Who then is a faithful and wise servant, 
whom his lord hath nnule ruler over his household, to 
^ive them meat," (the truth of the siffiis that 1 gave in the 
preceeding verses) " in due season ?" '• But and if that 
evil servant shall say in his heart, my l^ord deluyetti his 
coming ; and shall begin to smite his fellow servants," 
here is one class preaching the truth of the coming of 
Christ, the other class is smitinsr those, not, I presume, 
by the fist, but by a slandering tongue ; f)Ut yet the time 
ol Christ's coming was to be preach»'d i)rior to his com- 
ing, or the lollowing scripture would be without mean- 
ing. See Matthew XXV, 5, ♦• While the bridegroom" (Christ) 
*' tarried, they all slumbered and slept " iieader — VViio 
slumbered and slept V Writer— Simply those that were 
aroused by the preaching ol time in IK4M and 1844. 
Mothing can be said to lurry, except a set time is given 
first, then, that is passed and goiu?, comes the slei'ping 
and slumbering spoken of in the quolution above, Jvistt?n 
what Paul says in Jlehrews x, 35, ^36, .'iT, 38, and 3l> ver- 
ses. " Cast not away then»lbre your conlidence, which 
hath great recnmpence of ri'vvard. Kor yi* have need ot 
patience, that, aitor ye have done tne will of God," (that 
was the time) " ye might r«^ceive the ]>romise ; for yet a 
little while, and he that shall come" (Christ) " will come, 
and will not tarry " The Uoader — We should not meddle 
with time, those periods that some of Inte y(>ars have l)eeii 
preaching about, are the secrets oi Ciod. Writer — Moses 
says. Deuteronomy xxix, 2!», " 'J'he secret things belong 



82 






unto Iho Lord oni Oml : but ilion(^ things whinh are ro- 
voalod boloiig unto lis niid to our children for ever." 
Thendbre, my kind reader, whatever we lind in the scrip- 
ture of truth, is our inheritance by promise, and Paul says, 
in second 'J'iniothy, 8rd and ICtfi, that, " All scripture is 
I)rolitabi(»." I say nothing can be of any profit unto us, 
except we comprehend it. Peter, also, givt»s his testimony 
in regard unto th«^ writings ot the prophets, and nays, 
** That we do well to take heed, asuntoali<jhtthatshineth 
in a dark place," and this is my motive reacfer, in bringing 
those blessed testimonies to your notice. The Reader — All 
very wed, but we should hnive Uio prophetic periods al- 
together alone. Let us, in answer to this, your opinion,* 
see what says the scripture, see Matthew xxiv, 15. Here 
comes the language of <iur bleissed Redeemer, hearken, 
" When ye therelbre shall see the abomination of desola- 
tion sxx)ken oi by Dmiiel the piophet, stand in the holy 
place, whoso rciultdh let him understand." This lan- 
guage, my kind reader is rather opposed to your idea of 
those things, lor Christ wants us both to read, and under- 
stand what we do read. And suppose we would admit 
ibr a naoment, that time, as given in the word of God, is a 
secret ; hear the Psjdmest in ihe xxv Psalm aud 14 verse, 
who says, •'Ihe secret of the J^ord is with them that fear 
him ; and he will show them" (that fear him) " his coven- 
ant" (the truth.) Proverl ii, 32, " For the froward is 
abomination to the ^oid ; mu his secret is with tiie righte- 
ous.'' Chapter iv, 1 8, " liut the path of the just is as a 
shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect 
day." Chapter vi, 23, '* For the commandment is a lamp ; 
aii'l the law is light ; and reprools of instruction are the 
way ot life." Chapter xxvin, 4, ,), " Evil men understand 
not judgment : but they that seek the Lord understand all 
thinas," time, iik«' every tiling else, as that is on record. 
A^-an^see Kccles. viii, 5, " \Vhoso keepeth the command- 
ment shall feel no evil thing : and a wise man s heart dis- 
cemeth both time and judgment." See Paul, in Acts xvii, 
31, "Because he" (that is God) "appointed a day, m the 
which he will judgt; the world in righteousness." Daniel 
xii, 10, *' Many shall be purilied, and made while, and 
tried ; but the wicked shall do vvickedly : and none of 
the wickv'd shall understand ; but the wise shall under- 
stand.'' Settle upon th:^. re;ul^ , a« the yea and artien. 
Heaj again, and uiideiiitun U whai tho Prophet Haliakkuk 




lift ro- 
cver." 
scrip- 
1 says, 
ture is 
ito us, 
irnqny 

t«ays, 
hineth 
inging 
r— All 
ods al- 
linjon,* 

Here 
»arken, 
desola- 
le holy 
is lan- 
dea ot* 
under- 

admit 
rod, is a 

verse, 
lat fear 

covon- 
,'ard is 
righte- 

is as a 
perfect 
I lamp ; 
are the 
erst ail d 
and all 
record, 
ninand- 
art dis- 

ts xvii, 

111 the 

Daniel 
10, and 
M)nc of 

iiiidcr- 

artieii. 

hakkvik 



saith chapter se((>::d, first and second vt-rso^. *' I wil( 
stand uj)on my watch, and set me upon the tower, and I 
will watch to see what he will say unto m.^ ; and what I 
shall answer when 1 am ai^iUHl willi. And the lord an-* 
swered me, and said write the vision, nnd niuke it j)laii« 
wiyon tables, that he may run that r(»adeth it, lor the vision 
is yet I'or an appointed time, l)ur, tht? end itsliall six'ak, and 
jiot he, thougli it tarry," (here is the time a[)point(Hl in 
1843 and 1844, and the tarrying ever since) •• wait for it^ 
becaus(j it will surely come, it will not tarry." The 
Header — The time was preached and tailed before, and is 
it not likely to do so ever so many tiri>es again. My 
answer to the foregoing is, that the very generation that 
have had the time preached unto them, shall not pass 
away, until Ohrist will come. Let us see again w^hat the 
prophet Ezekie! says on this point, Chapter xii, 21, 28, 
" The word ot the Lord came unto me, saying, son of man, 
what is that proverb, or by-word, that ye have in the land 
of Israel, sayiiigi The days are prolonged, and eyery vision 
iaileth." liere my kind reader, is a perfect notice taken 
of the argTiments of the scoffers, they say that every vision 
faileth, which proves tp a demonstration that time was 
preached, and failed at times, which I cannot deny, nor do 
desire to do so ; but here again, in the quotation above, 
" Tell them therefore, thus saith the Lord God : I will 
make this proverb to cease, and they shall no more use it 
as a proverb in Israel ;" (or among the sects) but say unto 
them, the days are at hand, and the etfect of every vision." 
This then my kind reader, is the very thing I want to in- 
form my fellow travellers to the judgment seat of Christ, 
that the '* days," are at hand, and the " effect of every 
vision." The Reader — Well, but you were to show us, that 
it should come in the generation that heard the time preach- 
ed. I shall endeavor so to do, hear the same prophet, in 
verse 28, •' Ther«?fore say imto them," (hear it reader) 
"Thus saith the Lord God ; There shall none of my words 
be prolonged any more," (or delayed if you will,) ** but th(\ 
word which I have spoken shall be done, saitn the Lord 
God." Do you believe this reader, see igain verse 25th, 
" For I am the Lord : I will speak, and the word that I 
shall spi'ak shall corae to pass ; it shall be no more pro- 
longed;'' (or delayi'd) *'tor in your days," (here is the seal- 
ing) " in your days, rebellious house, will I say the word, 
aii(l will pori'oi-r. it ijuilh the Lord God, The veto, isnii 



64 



f^f 



i; 



'<< 



it my kind reader, thiit in the days ol' those that have 
heard the time preached, Clirist will make his appearing, 
and but lew looking ibr him, or loving his ap][)earing. 

1. O, come, collie away, f ■ time's career is cloriug ; 

lit worldly caro henct -rtli forbear ; O, come, come away, 
Come, come, our holy J., yn renew, where love and heavenly 

friendship grvw ; 
The spirit welci^me you ', O, come, come, away. 

2. Awake ye, awake, no time for reposing ; 

The Lord is near, breaks on the ear ; (), c<Mne, cume away. 

Come, come, where Jesns' love will be. 

Who says, 1 meet with two or three ; 

Sweet promise made to thee ; O, come, come away. 

3. With joy I accept the gracious invitation ; 

y,.j heart exults with raptruous hope ; U, come, come away ; 

When Jesus comeH, may we meet 

A happy throng at his dear feet ; 

Our joy will be complete ; O come, come away. 

> 4. Come where sacred songs the pilgrim's heart is cheering, 

Come there, and learn the power of prayer ; O come, come away ; 

In sweetest notes of sympathy 

We praise and pray in harmony ; 

Love makes our unity ; come, come away. 

■# 
J • 5. Night soon will be over, and, endleas day appearing ; < ' r 

Away from homo no more we roam ; O come, come away ', 
And when the triumph of Cod shall sound, 
* The saints no more by fears are bound ; 

We own our Jesus crowned ; O come, come away. 

6. O come, come away, my Saviour, in thy glory ; 

Thy kingdcn come, thy will be done ; O come, come away, 

O come, my Lord, thy right maintain, 

And take thy throne and on it reign, 

Then earth shall bloom again ; O come, come away. ^ ' 

My very indulgent reader, that I may not be too tedious 
unto you, I shall return to our former conversation, about 
time. The reader — There are several periods in God's 
word, whi3h it* we knew their commencement, there 
could be no mistake in their ending ; but that is the ques- 
tion. 1 want my reader, to bear in mind one thing ; there 
weie several eminent scholars endeavored to. give us the 
dates ot events which we call chronology. Bishop Usher's 
chronoloury is the one we have in our Bibles, that which 
we call Kuig .lamea' translation ; and his chrcnology is 25 
years ahjud of Cliiit-ju, Ruv. K. Shimcall, Rev. E. Elliott 



i have 
euriiig, 



iig. 



my, 
leavenly 



way, 






away ; 



ne away ; 



way ; 



way. 



tedious 

, about 

God's 

, there 

e ques- 

; thero 

us the 

Usher's 

which 

y is 25 

EiUott 



86 

and Haines ; it is proved itselt to be incorrect, for if it had 
been correct, we would now be in the great scenes, be- 
yond the bounds of probation. Hence, with your kind 
permisision reader, I will give the two chroholomes, Bishop 
Usher's, and those other emhient scholars. First of all, 
then, is Moses seven times in Leviticus, xxvi, 24, 28 verses; 
where the reader can see the time that Jehovah was to 
punish his people, it* they would not keep his command- 
ments, which ihey did not, v Those seven times are equal 
to seven years, prophetic, or, seven times t ^elve is eighty- 
ibur, multiplied by thirty, the number of days in each 
month, will give us the whole length of time that was to 
be occupied in the persecution of God's people, from a 
certain given point of time, until they should be delivered 
at the end ot thfs dispensation. In all two thousand tiye 
hundred and twenty days, or, so many years. This punish- 
ment commenced* as you can see by lelierring io second 
Chronicles xxxiii, 1, 2. According to Ijisnop Usher's 
chronology in the year B. C. 077, which if you will deduct 
I'rcm the great period of 2620, will briuj^usto Mr. Miller's 
time, 1848. But according to those eminent scholars men- 
tioned above, would bring us to the year 1868, A. D. 
But the reader will say 1868 is also past ; hence, the whole 
chronologers have failed, and what then ? We must not m 
our anxiety, to conlute the time and its advocates, lorget, 
that one ol the Popes altered the Christian Era, 4 years 
ahead. 

The sum stands thus .....' 2320 ' 

Moses seven times, or 2620 years, by Usher's 

commenced B. C, 677 *• 

And as a simple rule ended in A. D., 1843 

To which add the 25 years difference in 

chronologers 1868 a. I). 

And again to this we must add the four years 4 

that the Christian Era htis be^n ' * 

?. t<vij:*(v setaheaa brings us unto the year 

of our Lord 1873a.d. 

full time, or tlie beginnini^ of 1873. Spring Eauox, or 
Exodus. This is the way I view those j>eriods, I do not 
know that the event will then come ; but 1 believe it 



fll 



fl6 



c ■ 



from my heart. •• Faith is th« assurance of things fjfopotf 
for," the e,videncc of thincfs not seen, for example, the com- 
ing of Christ in 187o, but I behevc it, and I will proclaim 
it nnto all the wotH. The Reader — is this all the evidence 
ot the coming of (3hrist, or, is there more proof ? and if 
there is, does it clash with that given above ? I shall 
briefly touch uiwn the 2300 days, or years, given in Daniel 
chapter viii. 18, 14 verses, which reads as follows : " Then 
I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said iinta 
that certain saint which spake, How long shall bo the 
Tision concerning the daily sacrifice, and the transgression 
of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and thenost to 
be trodden underfoot ? And he said unto me, Unto two 
thousand and three hundred days; then sh^ll the sanctuary 
he cleaneed." The Reader — are tlioae days to be under- 
stood at? literal time, the 2,300 days, so as lo make only six 
r years, and a little over four months, at which end the 
sanctuary was to be cleansed ? In answer to the above, 
I would say, that God has lelt on record a rule, by which 
we can know the end thereof. First, we must apply the 
literal rule, that one day means the revolution of the sun 
in twenty-four hours. Second, the figurative rule, that 
one day m certain instances, means a year ; w^hero that 
constnicticn of the word is justified. I suppose no one 
will ask me to prove my first rule ; but the second I shall 
have to substantiate, by thus saitJi the Lord. Please to 
refer to I>^ umbers xiv, 34. Ezekiel iv, 5 and 6 verses. In 
tlAOse passages God says by the prophet tliat he has given 
" each day lor a year." Therefore, this is the rule we shall 
apply to the 2,300 days that they mean just iso many years. 
Because we find thfe dat«^. this vision was given to the be- 
loved Daniel, to be according to Usher's cnronology 65iJ 
years before Christ, and of course, would only extend a 
little more than six years beyond that time, and as the 
sanctuary was not then cleansed, according to promise, 
nor i» yet cleansed, we look for the latter rule. When 
Daniel had the above vision, his mind was troubled to 
know its moaning, and God sent his Angel to inform him 
how, and where to commence the 2,300 years. Daniel ii, 
25, *'know therefore and understand, that from the going 
forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusa- 
lem unto the Messiah the Prince." ^'or Christ,) &c. JHere is 
the starting point from which to commence the 2,300 
years, but as there was tlnce such commandments given, 



3 fjfOpOlcf 

ho com- 
troclaim 
vrdencc 
? and ii 
I shall 
n Daniel 

" Then 
id unto 

bo the 
cression 
nost to 
[ito two 
inctaary 
5 under- 
only SIX 
end the 

above, 
f which 
pply the 
* the sun 
lie, thai 
ero that 

no one 
d I shall 
lease to 
ses. In 
as given 
we shall 
ny years. 
9 the be- 
ogy 553 
extend a 

1 as the 
promise, 

When 
i:^bled to 
brm him 
)aniel ix, 
h.e going 
I Jerusa- 
. JHere is 
he 2,300 
ts given, 



67 

vro «T0 lorcod to take tho \\\h{ ono, (i o) that given in NiUie- 
xniah by Artaxerxes, Nt'lieniiah 1, 4, in the year B.C. i^H. 
hy taking t'ithor ol the two iiist oommaudmenta lor re. 
storing Jerusalem, namely, the one by Cyrus, in the first 
year ol' his reign, (Ezra i, 1,) li. C. 536, <»r that by Darius 
111 his s(^cond year, (Ezra iv, 24,) B. C. 520, as the cora- 
meiicemeiit of the seventy weeks, the ending in one case 
would l>e forty-six, and in the other 30 years Inilore Mes- 
siah was born. The seventit^th we(»k was devoted in con- 
lirming the covenant with none but Jews, and in tlie 
middle of it Messiah was cut oHl lie conlirined the coven- 
ant with Jews only during the three and a half years of 
his personal ministry, and lor the ri'inainiug hall of tho 
week, or three and a halt years, his disciples did Uie samn, 
until Pe4cr opened the church to the Gentiles by the bap> 
< ism of Cornelius and his house. The Header — we can- 
not be sure that the great pei iod ot the 2,300 years begins 
with the lesser period of seventy weeks, or the going fo^th 
of the last comnuaxdment for restoring .Jerusalem, because 
it is not tixprossiy said it sliruld then begin, i answer, 
we have seen that it could iioti)ossil)ly have begun either 
when Daniel saw the vision, or at giving of either ol tho 
two iirst comma ndintnits, for then all the ev<;nts mention- 
ed to tran.spire witliin the 2,300 years, and this too is ap- 
plying our last Jiile muat have bet'ii completed more than 
tifty years since. I'or the diite of Danii'ls vision, 1>. C. 553, 
being deducted Irom the 2,300 years, leaves A. D. 1747 as 
the end ; the date ol the iirst commarfdraent, 53o, be- 
ing deducted, leaves A. D. I7G4, and that of th(; second 
command, 520, being deducted, leaven, A. D. 1730. The 
third 4md last decree for liiiishing tUe city, given B. C, 432 
therefore lurnishing the only \\^[\i that I can see in Ciod'» 
blessed word, for the commenccjinent <il ihe 2,800 years, 
it there is any ; I soli<'it the world to show it, until tliis ift 
done I am iorced to ailopt my own rule ; 

This is it ....*. 2,300 years 

Commenced in the year before Christ 43*i 

In subtracting the 432, from the 2,300 years 

it leaves 18C8 a. a 

To which we must not neglect to add the ' 

4 years of Rome 4 

lb72 A D. 



88 



.lit, 



which \vill brin<^ u« to the year 1872, lull y*'ars, or to Iho 
Exodus ori873 in the }»j)ring; this is my foot-hold. h«>ro 
I stand. Furthermore, it is evidently as necessary lor the 
church to know the commencement of the 2,300 years as 
it was to know that ot the seventy weeks, which were a 
part of them, or that of the 430 years of oppression in 
Egypt, oiherwise then* would be no limit ot time present- 
ed to us within which to brinj]^ the events ol lime, and the 
arreat end ot prophecy would be defeated, which is to warn 
the church ot comins;- events, and the neighborhood of 
their appeals, and to have a tru(» ground of judgment on 
which to convict her of apostasy and unhelief in turning 
aside from the proplietic word, after her own wisdom. 
The Reader — but I thought prophecy was left a mystery, 
that we cannot understand. Well, my kind reader, pro- 
phecy is given to keep alive expectation, that wh'Mi the 
church sees the premonitary " signs coming to i>ass, she 
may lift up her head and know that her redemption is 
drawing: nigh." St. Luke xxi, 28. Dates are giv(»n to the 
prophetic periods, and signs whereby some of them may 
bo ascertained during the progress of fullilment, to inform 
the wise when they begin and when they end, II such 
is not the design of dates and periods as well as signs, it is 
hard to conceive what is their object in being gi\ en. It 
the prophetic announcements were thrown out mto the 
limitless void of time indeiinite, as they are in all the 
prophets except paniel and St. John, the things predicted 
could never appear as things to fall within the experience 
of any particular generation of men, asr tangible realities, 
and we should float down the stream of time, without 
chart or compass or waymark ; and hence, that prophecy 
would be to tis a light shining in a dark place, God was 
graciously pleased to furnish us with the clironologv of 
prophecy by Daniel and John. The giving of periods 
were little else than a mockery if the means of ascertaining 
their beginning and ending were not also given ; hence, 
the giving of dates and way-marks is just as necessary as 
the giving of periods. God was carelul tD luniish these 
dates and way-marks so early in the course of events fore- 
told, as that his people should have ample time ol prepar- 
ation for the approach of the more important ones, it 
was so of the seventy weeks, or 400 years, and the thing 
itsell shows that it is as needlul to know what period the 
J^t)id's .se<.*ond coming to judgment is apprehended, as with- 



80 



• to Ihn 
, h^Yd 
ior the 
lOars UN 
A' ere i\ 
iiou in 
►rospiit- 
md the 
to warn 
lood of 
lent on 
Lurnin*'; 
I'isdom. 
lystery, 
T, pro- 
L"in tlio 
iss, she 
»tion is 
L to the 
'in may 
» inform 
II such 
ns, it is 
en. It 
nto the 
all the 
edicted 
Derience 
ealities, 
without 
•ophecy 
od was 
)logv of 
periods 
I'taining; 
hence, 
ssary as 
h these 
its fore- 
prepar- 
les. It 
e thing 
riod the 
as with- 



in what period his first comhi^ and suffer! njr were Com- 
prehended, inasmuch as u great and fearful judgment is 
the announced attendant upon each event. Each period 
is a deiinite period, having a b<»Dinning and an ending, 
and containing a given number ol years. The Jews knew 
when the lesser period hegan and wnen it ended, for a 
considerable time before it did end ; therefore, I contend 
there is no reason why we of this day should not in like 
manner have the means of knovviim- the time of tie open- 
ing and close of the 2,300 years, wUch evidently bnngs 
us all to the end of the Gospel dispensation, liut the Jews 
as a church and nation, rejected the evidence of prophecy 
which went belore the Messiah, and there are causes 
urging us totreject the • vidence of dates, and disbelieve and 
deny the prophecy according to the example of the Jews, 
these are therefore reasons Lo call upon us, to have faith 
in the prophecies, lor without faith we cannot please 
God. 'i'here were migli'y events connec^ted with the 
first advent of Christ, ol \. hich God was pleasea to warn 
the Jews before hand : there are events still more stupend- 
ous connected with his second advent, events of great in- 
terest, both to Jews and Gentdes, of which both are dis- 
tinctly warned in all the prophets ; and I repeat it, there 
is the same reason why all parties concerned should have 
the im»aiis of knowing the very year of the completion of 
the 2,800 days, (years) in order to be prepared for these 
mighty events, that there was lor the Jews to have the 
meaii^ of knowing the year of the endiii"* of the 490 days, 
(years.) God judged the Jews, destroyed their city, and 
sent them into a long and painful captivity until the "times 
of the Gentiles shall be fulfilled," because, refusing to un- 
derstand the prophecies, they knew not the time of their 
visitation by their Saviour, nence, rejected him. And so 
also the mighty destructieii about to fall upon this world, 
will come because of the same evil heart of unbelief, in re- 
fusing to believe the prophetic word declaring these 
things. Thus God hath measured off 2,300 years that he 
min;ht know the truth. He gave us the death of Christ to 
seju and make sure the vision, just 486^ years from the 
commencement of the 2,300 years. The sum stands thus : 
as 486^ years reached exactly to the cross of Christ, so 18- 
131 years more from the cross, will reach to the end of the 
vision, 2,300 years. We are passed the cross, and are 
closing up the Inst years of ihe 1813^, ought we not to 




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walk cnrelul ? We stand upon the verge of time, and 
the ending ol a period of solemn importance. Every 
year, yea, every week or day we are to look tor the crash 
of nations ; war, lamine, pestilence, tremendous hres as aiso 
very irequent awful floods, earthquakes, heavy and often ; 
crime wul be greatly on the increase, dry summers, failure 
herealter of the crops. Soon and Daniel will stand in his 
" lot" or have his ** inheritance," with the rest of God's i)eo- 
ple. Soon and the wicked shall be cut off from the earth. 
Soon the day of judgment will begin, solemn indeed. Are 
we ready for the solemn event ? Have we repented of and 
forsaken our sins ? Have we fled for refuge to lay hold on the 
hope set before us in the gospel ? Have we made our judge 
oar friend ? Not a moment is to be lost. Soon the stone m the 
second of Daniel will smite the Roman image. •Soon, as in 
Revelalion,itwiil be said that*' the kingdoms of this world 
will become the kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus 
Christ. Soon and tlie door of m^rcy will be shut against an 
ungodly hypocritical church, ^oon and the foolish virgins 
will say, " Lord, Lord, open unto us," but the answer is, 
" I know ye not, depart ye cursed." The fieader — is there 
nothing in the numbers that brings the periods more 
definite, and more intelligent to our understanding ? We 
shall proceed to answer the above, by introducing the la^t 
periods that 1 shall speak from in this book ; they are re- 
corded in the xii chapter of the book of Daniel, beginning 
with the 7th verse, " And I heard the man clothed in linen, 
which was ux>on the waters of the river," (or stream of 
time,) ** when he held up his right hand and his left hand 
unto heaven, and sware oy him that liveth forever that it 
shall be for a time, times, and tui half, and when h« shall 
have accomplished to scatter the power of the holy people, 
all these things will be finished." The periods here 
spoken of, I understand to be and mear three and a half 
prophetic years, or in all 1,260 years. Those 1260 years, I 
also understand was the period that (.-Jod's people was to 
be in the hands of Rome — which hands were cruel in the 
extreme— in this connection it does not say so ; but, we 
shall refer you reader, to where the matter is made plainer. 
See Daniel vii, 23,28, speaking of the power of Rome, in the 
25 verse, he says, " And he shall speak great words against 
the most high, and shall wear out the samt? of the most 
High, and think to change times and laws ; and they" (the 
saints) " shall be given into his" (Popery's) "hand until a 



time and limes and tire dividing q[ time." In all 12G0 
years. See agiin Revelation xii. 14. "And to tiie woman" 
(the christian church) " were i^iv ^n two wings ot a great 
eagle, that she mi^ht fly into the wilderness, into her place, 
where she is nourished lor a time, and times and haifatime, 
from the face of the serpent'" (Rome ) You see reader, 
that those periods was to be the. persecuted time oi Rome» 
against the people of Grod. Again in revelation xiii, 5 
verse, the same periods arc brought to view again ; * And 
there was given unto him" (Rome) " a mouth speaking 
great things and blasphemies ; and power was given un- 
to him (Rome to ccoitinue forty and two months.'* Revel- 
ations xi, 3 verse, *• And I will" says God " give power 
unto my two witnefeses," (the old and new Testament ») 
" and they shall prophecy a thousand two hundred and 
three scote days, clothed in sackcloth." Here tlien reader 
it makes no matter how you take it, it ends the same way. 
That is, time, timos, and half a time, which is three years 
and a half multiplied by 12, the number of months in the 
year ffives us 42 months, that multiplied by 30, the num- 
ber 01 days in each month, will give 1260 years, as sure 
as that one and one makes two. The Reader — how can it 
be comprehended, admitting all the above to be correct, 
when those periods commenced ? I shall briefly^ answer 
the question above, and say, the 1260 years commenced in 
A, D. 538, when Justinian the Greek Emperor of Constan- 
tmople, constituted the Pope of Rome supreme head, over 
all the churches in the East, by giving him three king- 
doms the Ostrogoths, Vandels and Heruli, the civil and 
ecclesiastical power, was at this time conferred on the Pope 
of Rome, by Justinian. I shall presently prove my posi- 
tion to be correct ; because, beginning with the 1360 
years in 538 A. D., you can see by adding the two num- 
bers together, they will bring us down the stream of time 
through the dark ages, to the noted year 1798. There, 
you wall find by the order of Bonaparte, Popery dethron- 
ed. And notwithstanding Popery is still Popery, yet, 
they have not the power Siey use to wield and enjoy, nor 
will not thank God, until within fifteen hteral days of th* 
end ol this age. Bear m mind my intelligent reader, that 
in the same connection where we found our time, times, 
and half a time, exists two more periods, the last one 
bringing us to the Resurrection of Daniel, and if Daniel 
will rise at the end of the last period, so will all God's 



'^ •■) 



sniiits, at identically the same time. See Daniel xii, 10, 13, 
" Many shall be purifit'cl, and made white, and tried ; [>ut 
the wicked shall do wickedly : and none oi' the wicked 
shall understand ; but the wise shall understand. And 
Iroin the time the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and 
the abomination" (Popery) " that maketh desolate set up, 
there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days. 
Blessed is he that w^aiteth, and cometh to the thousand 
three hundred and fire and thirty days." But Oaniel is 
told to go away till the end would be, being assured that 
he would stand in his " lot at the end of the days." The 
Reader — where did those two last named periods begin, 
that is, the 1293, and the 1335 days, years V You recol- 
lect my kind reader, wnere we startetl with the 1260 years, 
those tw^o last periods of course is in the same connection, 
and must have their beginning at the same place, namely, 

In A. D 538 

The sum stands thus, 1 260 begin in A. D 538 

We will have them aside one another 1 260 ; ' 

The time, times and half ended in A. B 1798 

We will follow our starting point 588 a. D. 

With our next number 1290 years 1290 

This last period ended in A. D 1828 \, 

We will still keep to our starting point 538 1, o. 

With our third and last number 1335 yrs. 

Where will the resurrection take place but in 1873 A.D. 
This, therefore, is the end and substance of the whole 





„«.- , — - There is 

nothing but the most glorious harmony in all those bless- 
ed periods. Moses seven times, or, 2,620 years will bring 
us down to the spring of 1873. The 2,300 years bring us 
to the spring ot 1873. And the 1335 years, from A.. D. 
538, will bring us to the Spring of 1873 Has the pass- 
ing of set times demonstrated that the time will not be 
eventually known ? Were I to waste time, ink and 
l^aper in answering this question, I should place myself 
in the same position as those who have recourse to this 



93 



argument. Now, all prophecy contains in its substance* 
both promise and threatening, addressed to the reason, 
conscience, and understanding of all intellij^ent men, con- 
cerning things present and future, a scheme of things go- 
ing forward m course of fulfilment, some part of which 
concenieth every age of the world, yea, every year and 
hoar until the consummation of the whole. JBoth promise 
and threatening are ol the nature ot prophecy, because 
they concern the fiiture touching both persons and things. 
But in all earnestness, how shall the church act in regard 
to God ; promises and threatenings as yet unfilled with- 
out some definite and clear knowledge of things yet 
future ? I don't mean to say a perfect knowledge ot all 
things, times and circumstances, alone, will brighten the 
path, ibr it might be pernicious to have a full knowledge, 
but of some leading features, such as are to be seen in 
the following example from 2nd Samuel, vii, where (elod 
said to David, " Moreover I will appomt a place for my 
people, Israel, and will plant them that they may dwell 
in a place oi their own, and move no more ; neither shall 
the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as be- 
fore time, and as since the time that I commanded Judges 
to be over my people, Israel, and have caused thee to rest 
from all thine enemies. Also the Lord telleth thee that he 
will make thee an house. And v/hen thy days be fulfilled, 
and thou shalt sleep with thy father, 1 will set up thy 
seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, 
and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build an house 
for my name, and I will establish his kingdom for ever." 
Fully to interpret this passage, would be to interpret a 
very lar^e portion of Holy Writ. It is promise, and 
threatenmg, and prophecy all woven inseparably into the 
same web, and rightly to understand one requires the un- 
derstanding of both the others. The very sight of the 
words unavoidably carries for\s^ard the mind to the con- 
templation of things yet future, and elicits an act of inter- 
pretation, and points to certain definite things, and a cer- 
tain definite spot of the earth for the theatre ol the fulfil- 
ment of the promise to Israel, and to David, Israel's king. 
But God says, *' The stork in the heaven knoweth her aj)- 
I)ointedtime, and the turtle, and the crane,and the swallow 
observe the time of their coming, but my people" (chris- 
tian professers) " know not the judgment of the Lord." 
" For, as in the days that were before the flood, they were 

12 



,<■■ 



•■*■ 



/mating and drinkiNi?, maTrying and giving in marri^g^, 
until the day that Soah entered into the ark, and knew 
not until the flood eame and took them" (the wicked) "all 
away — even thus shall it be in the day when the Son of 
Man (ChristJ is revealed." And now my kind reader, I 
shall leave tne subject witlj you in its present iorm, just 
»s 1 see ;and believe, and have given you the evidence^ — as 
presented belore us in the scripture of truth, that ] 873, 
in the spring oi that year, is the farthest point to whjch 
^e ^,520, 2,300 and the 1335 years Irom 538 will allow 
us to extend them. My kmd reader, I shall bid you fare^ 
well, hoping that you will give this thrilling chapter a 
serious perusal, and if you have a better light on this sub^ 
ject, than the one 1 have just given you, let us come and 
reason together, for it is the truth alone that shall make us 
free and wise imto salvation, and Grod shall have aU the 
praise.— Amen, .,., . 






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ZSiwata. 

P^^ge 5, 8 lines h-orolop, for 33,332,333, read 31,554,059. 
5, 9 lines from top, for 91,554, read 86,400. 
5, 91meslromtop,ibr 3,730, read 3,600. 

,f» SPnes irom bottom, for 19, read 18. 

11, 17 Jjnes irow top fof oppression, read oppressors. 

1 5^ 11 lines Irom top, for not read now 

i6, thB bottom line, for be read he's. 

25, 12 lines from top, for women read woyeij, 

2T, n lines from top, for x, 30, read xxiv, 1^. 

36, 7 Unes from the bottom, for crime, read come. 

««* 1? r""^' i'*"^ *^ J'^*^'"' ^^^ "^*«^«^^» intents. 
««' A!. K !f ^""T ^^/""P' for appeals, read approach, 
he deT apprehended, read compre- 

89, 8 lines from the bottom, jiox he, read we. 



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1. How prone are professors to rest on their leea, 
To study their pleasure, their profit and ease ; 
Though Godsavs arise, and escape for thy life. 
And look not behind vou ; remember Lot's wife. 



2. Awake from thy shiiubers, the warning believe, 
'Tia Jesus that calls yon the message receive ; 
While dangers are pending, 08ca])e for thy life, 
And look not behind yon ; remember Lot's wife. 



3. The first bold apostate w ill tempt you to stay, 
And tell you that lions are found in the way ; 
He means to deceive you, escape for thy life, 
And look not behind you ; remember Lot's wife. 



How many poor souls has the tempter beguiled. 
With specious tentptations hovi' many defiled ; 
O, be not deluded, escape for thy life, 
And look not behind vou ; remember Lot's wif(». 



The ways of religion true pleasure afford, 
No pleasures can equal the joys of the Lord ; 
Forsake then the world and escape for thy life, 
And look not behind you ; remember Lot's wife. 



6. But if you're determine the call to refuse, 
And venture the way of destruction to choose ; 
For hell, you will part with the blessings of litai, 
And then, if not now, you'll remember Lot's wife. 






.TAME8 CALEB AlolNTOSH, 



Bayfield, County of Huron, Ontario. 



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itario. 



!