(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Coleoptera. Vol. I. [Longicornia. Part I.]"

THQZnAS ILWC0LH 

CASET 

LIBRARY 
1923 












^'^m 



W'^ 






m 



Jv 



^v:-- <: 



■^ .■■■ :: 



■><f- 






.J^^'^- 

?>^^^:^- 






;t4*''6.'.' : 






THE FAUNA OF BRITISH INDIA, 



INCLUDING 



CEYLON AND BURMA. 



PUBLISSED UNDER THE ATTTSORITT OF THE SeCBETABT OF 

State for India in Council. 
edited by lt.-col. c. t. bingham. 



COLEOPTERA-Vol. I. 

(CERAMBYCID^). 



BY 

C. J. GAHAN. 



LONDON: 

TAYLOR AND FRANCIS, RED LION COURT, FLEET STREET. 



CALCUTTA AND SIMLA : 
THACKER, SPINK, & CO. 

BURMA : 

MYLES STANDISH & CO., 
RANGOON. 



BOMBAY : 
THACKER & CO.. LIiMITED. 

BERLIN : 

R. PRIEDLANDER & SOHN. 

11 CARLSTRA8SE. 



1906. 



ALERE YfLAUMAM. 

h: 




PRINTED BY TAYLOR AND FRANCIS, 
RED LION COrRT, FLEET STREICT. 



PREFACE. 



This short volume is the first issued of a series that is 
intended to give a systematic account of the Coleopterous 
Fauna of British India. 

The present work on the Longicorn Beetles of India was 
undertakeu some years ago by Mr. C. J. Gahan, whose unique 
knoAvledge of the group is well known. From a variety of 
causes^ but chiefly want of leisure, the Author has been 
unable until now to complete a sufficient portion of the MS. 
to allow of the publication of even an instalment. This 
issue, therefore,, is only Part I. of the contemplated volume, 
and deals solely with the forms arranged under the family 
Cerambycidse, which according to the latest classification 
includes the Prionidse. A considerable portion of Part II., 
which will give an account of the Lamiidse, is already in 
manuscript ; it is therefore confidently expected that tlie 
completion of the whole work will not be unduly delayed. 

Other volumes on the Coleoptera of India are in active 
preparation, and it is intended to include a General Intro- 
duction to the Order with one of these volumes. In the 



IV PREFACE. 

meantime, to allow the reader to follow the technical terms 
used in the descriptions of these insects, diagrammatic illus- 
trations of the parts of beetles belonging to the group here 
dealt withj and explanations thereof, are subjoined below. 

I may add that Vol. II. of the Butterflies, the MS. of 
which is nearly completed, will follow this present volume. 

C. T. BINGHAM. 

October 1906. 



LIST OV THE PRINCIPAL WORKS QUOTED IN 
THE SYNONYMY. 



A. M N. H. Annals and Magazine of Natural History. London, 1838- 
l!)()f>. 

Ann Mus. Civ. Genov. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale 
di Genova. Genoa, 1870-1906. 

Ann. Soc. d'Agric. Lyon. Aunales de la Societe d'Agriculture, Histoire 
naturelles et Arts utiles de Ljou. Lyon & Paris, 1838-1906. 

Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgiqiie 
(G. R.— Comptes rendus bound with the Annales, paged in Roman 
numerals). Bruxelles, 1857-1906. 

Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France. 
Pans, 1832-1906. 

BerL ent. Zeit. Berliner entomologische Zeitschrift. Berlin, 1857-74, 
1881-1906. 

Boisd. Voy. I'Astrolabe. Voyage de decouvertes de I'Astrolabe. Faune 
ilntomologique, par le Docteur Boisduval. Paris, 1835. 

BulL Soc. Imp. Nat. de Moscou. Bulletin de k Societe Imperiale des 
iNaturalistes de Moscou. Moscow, 1829-1906. 

Casteln. Hist. Nat. Col. Histoire Naturelle des Insectes Coleopteres par 
M. le Comte de Castelnau. 2 vols. Paris, 1840. 

Cist. Ent. Cistula Entomologica. 3 vols. London, 1869-1884. (Of 
vol. iii. three parts only published.) 

Du Val et Fairm. Gen. Coleopt. d'Europe. Genera des Coleopteres 
d Europe, par M. Jacquelin du Val. 4 vols. Paris, 1857-1868. (Vols, 
lii. & iv. by L. Fairniaire.) 

Encycl. Meth. Encyclopedie Methodique— Insectes. Vol. V. par A G 
Olivier ; Vol. X. par Comte Le Peletier et Audinet-Serville. Paris, 1790- 
182.J. 

Ent. Mo. Mag. The Entomologists' Monthly Magazine. London, 1864- 
190(5. 

Ent. Nachr. Entomologische Nachrichten. Putbus, Stettin und Berlin 
1875-1906. 

Entomologist. The Entomologist. London, 1840-1906. 

Ent. Tidskr. Entomologisk Tidskrift utgiven af Entomologiska Fdreninffen 
i Stockholm. Stockholm, 1880-1906. 

Fabr. Ent. Syst. Entomologia Systematica emendata et aucta, secundum 
classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, ohservationibus 
descriptionibus. 4 vols. Johann Christian Fabricius. Hafnite 1792- 
1794. Index 1796 ; Supplement 1798. 



VI WOEKS QUOTED. 

Fabr. Mant. Ins. Mantissa Insectorum ; sistens eorum species nuper 
detectas, adjectis characteribus genericis, differentiis specificis, euieudati- 
onibus, observationibus. 2 toIs. Johann Christian Fabricius. Hafnia;, 
1787. 

Fabr. Syst. Eleuth. Systema Eleutberatorum, secundum ordines, 
rjeiiera, species, adjectis synonymis. locis, observationibus et descripti- 
onibus. 2 vols. -Johann Christian Fabricius. Kiliie, 1801. 

Fabr. Syst. Ent. Systema Entomologia?, sistens Insectorum classes, 
ordines, genera, t'pecies, adjectis synonymic;, locis, descriptionibus et obser- 
vationibus. Johann Christian Fabricius. Flensburgi et Lipsise, 1775. 

Gemm. 8c Har. Cat. Col. Catalogus ColeojjterorLuu hucusque descriptoruiu 
synonyniicus et systeniaticus, auctoribus l^r. Geumiinger et B. de Harold. 

]"2vols. Munich, 1868-1876. 

Geoffrey, Hist. Ins. de Paris, Histoire abregee des Insectes qui se 
trouvent aux environs de Paris. 2 vols. Paris, 1762. 

Germ. Mag. Ent. Germar, Magazin der Entomologie. 4 vols. Halle, 
1813-1818. 

Gmelin, Syst. Nat. J. F. Gmelin's edition of Linne's •' Systema Naturae," 
Ed. 13. Lipsia'. 1788-1793. 

Gray's Zool. Misc. The Zoological Miscellanv, ed. by J. E. Gray. Loudon , 
1831-1S44. 

Guer. Icon. Regn. Anim., Ins. F. E. Guerin-Meneville, Iconographie 
du Regne Aninuil de G. Cuvier — Insectes. Paris, 1829-1844. 

Hor. Soc. Ent. Ross. Horse Societatis Entomologicse Eossicae ; (Called also) 
J'nidui Russkago entoniologicheskago obshcbestva v. St. Petersburg. 
St. Petersburg, 1861-1906. 

Hiigel's Kaschmir. Kasclsmir und das Reich der .Siek. Baron C. A. A. 

■yonHligel. 4 vok. Stuttgart, 1840-1848. 

Ind. Mus. Notes. Indian Museum Notes, issued by the Trustees. Published 
by authority of the Government of India. Calcutta, 1889-1906. 

Journ. Ent. The Journal of Entomology, descriptive and geographical. 
2 ^ols. London, 1862-18fiC). 

Kirby, Fauna Boreali-Americana. Fauna Boreali-Americana, or the 
Zoology of the Northern parts of British America, by John Richardson, 
M.D. "Pt. IV. Coleoptera by the Rev. VV. Kirby. London, 1837. 

Lacord. Gen. Coleopt. Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Genera des 
CoK'opteres, ou Expose luethodique et critique de tons les genres pro- 
poses jusqu'ici dans cet ordre d'insectes, par M. Th. Lacordaire. 12 vols. 
Paris, 1854-1876. 

Lap. et Gory, Hist. Nat. et Iconogr. des Ins. Coleopt. Histoire 
Naturelle et Ieonogra])liie des Insectes Coleopteres, publiee par Mono- 
graphics sejiarees par F. L. Liporte (Comte de Castelnau) et H. Gory. Texte 
4 vols. Planches 4 vols. Paris, 1837-1841. 

Leconte 8c Horn, Classif. Col. N. Amer. Classificntion of tlie Coleoptera 
of North America, prepared for the Smithsonian Institution by John L. 
Leconte and George H. Horn. Washington, 1883. 

Leicliarting,Verz. Tyrol. Ins. Yerzeichniss und Beschreibung der Tyroler 
luseeten. bv Johann Nepomuk I'^Jden von Leicharting. 2 vols. Zurich, 
1781-1784." 



WORKS QUOTED. VU 

Linn. Syst. Nat. Systema Naturse, per regna ti-ia uaturre, secundum classes, 
online?, senera, species, cum characteribus, different lis, synonymis, locis. 
Carl V. Linne. Ed. decima reformata, llalix; MagdeburgiciB, 1758. Ed. 
duodecima reformata, Holmia3, 1766-17(58. 

Mem. Soc. Ent. Belg. Memoires de la Societe Entoinologique dc Belgique. 
Eruxelles, 1892-1906. 

Mem. Soc. R. Sci. de Liege. Memoires de la Societe Royale des Sciences 
de Liege. Liege, 1843-1906. 

Motsch. Etudes Entom. Motschoulsky, Etudes Entomologique.s. Hels- 
ingtbrs et Dresden 1853-1862. 

Mulsant, Coleopt. de France. Histoire Naturelle des Coleopteres de 
France par C. Mulsant. Paris, 1862-1863. 

Notes Leyd. Mus. Notes from the Eoyal Zoological Museum of the 
Netherlands at Leyden. Leyden, 1879-1906. 

Nouv. Archives du Mus. Paris. Nouvelles Archives du Museum 
Histoire Naturelle. Paris, 1865-1900. 

Oliv. Ent. Entoniologie, ou Histoire Naturelle des Insectes, avec leurs 
caracteres geueriques et specifiques, leur description, leur synonymie, et 
leur figure eulumiuee, par M. Olivier. Texte 6 vols. Planches 2 vols. 
Paris, 1759-1808. 

P. Z. S. Proceedings of the Scientific Meetings of the Zoological Society of 
London. London. 1830-1906. 

Redtenb. Fauna Austriaca. Fauna Austriaca. Die KaCer, nach der 
aualytisc^iien Methode bearbeitet, von Ludwig Eedtenbacher. Wien, 1858. 

Rev. Zool. Revue Zoologique par la Societe Cuvierienne, publie sous la 
direction de M. Guerin-Meneville. Paris, 1838-1848. 

Rev. et Mag. Zool. Revue et Magasin de Zoologie pure et appliquec, par 
Guerin-Meiieville et Ad. Focillon. 2nd Series. Paris, 1849 1879. 

Schbnh. Syn. Ins. Synonymialnsectorum, oder : Versucheiuer Synonymie 
aller bisher bekannten Insecten, nach Fabricii Systema Eleutheratorum 
geordnet. 2 vols. Stockholm, 1806-1817. 

Scientific Results Second Yarkand Mission, Coleopt. Scientific 
Results of the Second Yarkand Mission, published by order of the Govern- 
ment of India. Coleoptera by H. W. Bates. London, 1890. 

Silberm. Rev. Ent. Revue Entomologique, par Gustave Silbermann. 
Strasbourg & Paris, 1833-1837. 

Stephens, Illustr. Brit. Ent., Mand. Illustrations of British Entomo- 
logy, or a Svnopsis of Indigenous Insects, by J. F. Stephens. Mandibalata. 
7 vols. London, 1828-1835. 

Stett. ent. Zeit. Entomologische Zeitung, herausgegeben von dem entomo- 
logische Vereiu zu Stettin. Stettin, 1840-1906. 

Thorns. Archiv. Ent. Archives Entomologiques, par Mons. J. Thomson. 
2 vols. Paris, 1857-1858. 

, Essai Class. Ceramb. Essai d'une Classification de la famille des 

Cerambycides et materiaux pour servir a une monographic de cette famille, 
par Mons. J. Thomson. Paris, 1860. 

, Syst. Ceramb. Systema Cerambycidarum, ou expose de tous les 

genres compris dans la famille des Cerambycides et families Limitrophes, 
par Mons. J. Thomson. Liege, 1864-1865, 



Vm WORKS QUOTED. 

Trans. Ent. Soc. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London. 
London, 1836-1906. 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Transactions of the Liniiean Society of London. 
London, 1791-1906. 

Trans. Zool. Soc. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London. 
London, 1835-1906. 

Verh. z.-b. Ges. 'Wien. Verhandlungen der k.-k. zoologische-botanischen 
Gesellschaft in Wien. Vienna, 1852-1906. 

Westw. Cab. Or. Ent. The Cabinet of Oriental Entomology, by J. 0. 
Westvvood, Esq., F.L.S. London, 1848. 

White, Cat. Colecpt. B. M., Longic. Catalogue of Coleopterous Insects 
in the Collection of the British Museum. Part viii, Longicornia, i & ii. 
London, 1853-1855. 

Zool. Jour. Zoological Journal. London, 1825-1835. 



EXPLANATION OF THE TEKMS USED FOK THE 
PARTS OF A LONGICORN BEETLE. 




—Head of Nyphasia 
pascoei, Lac. 



Fig. 1. — Upper surface of head. 

fr, front. 
fr.s, frontal suture. 
gen,, gena. 

cl. clypeus. 
acl, ante-clypeus. 

lb, labruru. 
md, mandible. 




Fig. 2. — Underside of bead of 
Oxymirus cursor, Linn. 

Fig. 2. — Lower surface of head. 

gul, gula. 
gen, gena. 
sm, submentum. 
m, mentuni. 
I, labium. 
mx, maxilla. 
md, mandible. 



epm\_ 




Fig. 3. — Oxymirus cursor, Linn. 



Fig. 4. — Nyphasia pascoei, Lac. 



Fig. 3. — Sternum, showing the front and middle coxal cavities open, sf.^, st.-, 
st^, pro-, meso- and metasternum ; e/j/zt', cpm'-, epm^, epimera of pro-, 
meso- and metathorax ; eps-, eps^, episterna of meso- and metathorax ; 
tr, trochanter ; tr7i, trocbantin. 

Fig. 4. — Sternum, showing the front and middle coxal cavities closed, st^, st^, 
st^, pro-, meso- and metasternum; epm^, epr/r, cpiii^, epimera of pro-, 
meso- and metathorax ; eps"^, eps^, episterna of meso- and metathorax ; 
p, pore. 



EXPLANATION OF TEEMS. 




cu.t a .1 

Pig. 5. — Wing of Oxi/mirus cursor, Linn. 



S.c. C. 




Fior. 6. — Wing of Bori/sthencs rottrafus, Fab. 



S.C C. 




cii.2 ^■' ^-'' 
Fig. 7.— Wing of Neocerambi/x paris. 



SC- C. 




a. I a,.?- 
Fig. 8. — Wing of Aphrodisium ruhrlpcnnis. 

Figs. 5, 6, 7, and 8.— Wing-venation (according to Ganglbauer). c, costal ; 
sc, subcostal ; r, radial ; ;«\ /«-, 1st and :2nd medial ; fi(\ c?r, 1st and 2nd 
cubital; a', a-, a^, a\ 1st, 2ud, 3rd, and 4th anal. 



XI 



SUPERFAMILY LONGICORNIA. 

The superfamily Longicornia can conveniently be divided into 
two families — the Cerambi/cida' and the Lai)iiido', the chief differ- 
ences between which are briefly tabulated below. 

A. Head in frout oblique or subvertical ; last joint 

of palpi not pointed at the end ; fore tibiae not 

l^rooved beneath Cerambycidae. 

B. Plead in front vertical or bent inwards well below 

the thorax ; last joint of the palpi pointed at the 

end ; fore tibiee generally with a groove beneath. Lamiidae. 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Order COLEOPTERA 
Suborder Polyphaga . 
Superf amily Longicornia 
Earn. 1. Cerambycid^ 
Subfam. 1. Prionino' . 



Group 1. Prionini , . . 

1. Dorysthenes, Vigors 

1. rostratus, Fuh. . 

2. montanus, Guer. 

2. Dissosternus, Hope 

1. pertii, Hope . . . 

3. Baladeva, Waterh. . 

1. walkeri, Waterh 

4. Lophosternus, Guer, 

1. iudicus, Hope . 

2. zivetta, Thorns. . 

3. socius, Gahan . 

4. hugelii, Hedtenb. 

5. falco, Thorns. 

6. palpalis, Gahan 

7. buqueti, Gtier.. . 

8. similis, Gahan . 

5. Paraphrus, Thorns. 

1. granulosus, Thoins 

6. Prionus, Geofroy 

1. corpulentus, Bates 

2. elliotti, Gahan . . 

7. Prionomma, White. . 

1. atratum, Gmelin 

8. Ancyloprotus, White 

1. bigibbosus, White 



Page 

1 



9 

9 

10 
11 
11 
11 
12 
12 
13 
13 
13 

14 I 

15 I 

16 I 
16 
17 
18 
19 I 



9. Logeeus, C. O. Water- 
house 19 

1. snho^&cus, CO. Water- 
house 20 

10. Priolyrannus, Thorns. . . 21 

1, mordax, White 22 

Group 2. Acanthopborini. 22 

1. Acanthopborus, Serville. . 23 

1. serraticornis, Oliv 23 

2. rugiceps, Gahaii .... 24 
8. modicus, Gahan .... 2o 

Group 3. Cantharocne- 

m i n i 25 

26 
26 



1. Cantbarocnemis, Serville 
1. downesi, Pascoe 

Group 4. Eurypodini 
1. Neoprion, Lacord. . . 
1. parandraeformis, 
Lacord 



Group 5. Macrotomini 

1. Rbapbipodus, Serville 

1. taprobaiiicus, Gahan 

2. subopacus, Gahan 

3. gahani, Lameere . . 

4. andamanicus, Gahan 

2. Rempban, Waterhouse 
1. bopei, Waterhouse 

3. Macrotoma, Serville . . 

1. fisberi, C. O. Water 

house 

2. crenata, Fadr. . . 



27 

28 

29 

29 
30 
30 
32 
32 
33 
33 
34 
35 

35 
36 



XIV 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



3. plagiata, C. O. Wafer- 

house 37 

4. spinosa, Fal) 38 

4. Zooblax, Thovis 38 

1 . seneipennis, C. O. 

Watef/uMse 39 

2. elateroides, Thorns. . . 40 

Group 6. ^gosomini .... 41 

1. Baralipton, Thorns 42 

1. maculosum, Tho7}i.s. . . 42 

2. Dinoprionus, Bates .... 43 

}. cephalotes, Bates .... 43 

3. ^gosoma, Serville 44 

1. oriiaticolle, White . . 45 

2. niarginale, Fab 45 

3. cingalense, White .... 46 

4. tibiale, White 47 

5. buckleyi, Gahan .... 47 

6. sulcipenne, White .... 48 

7. bowringi, Gahan .... 48 

8. costipenue, White ... 49 

9. terininale, Gahan .... 49 

4. Dandamis, Gahan 50 

1. uigropunctatus, Auriv. 50 

5. Sarmydus, I'ascoe 51 

1. sul3Coriaceus, Hope . . 51 

2. anteiinatus, Paseoe . . 52 

Group 7. M o n o d e s in i 11 i . . 52 

1. Aiioenie, Gahan 53 

1. andrewesi, Gahan .... 54 

Group 8. P h il i n i 54 

1 . Doesus, Paseoe 55 

1. teleph oroides, Faseoe. . 56 

2. taprobanicus, Gahan . . 56 

2. Philus, Saunders 57 

1. globulicollis, Tlwms. . . 57 

Subfani. 2. Disteniince 58 

1. Cyrtonops, White 59 

1. punctipennis, White . . 60 

2. nigra, Gahan 60 

2. Dynamostes, Paseoe .... 61 

1. audax, Paseoe 61 

3. Uistenia, Serville 62 

1. kalidasse, Lameere .... 63 

2. dohertii, Gahan 64 

3. dravidiana, Gahan .... 64 

4. Typodryas, Thorns 65 

1. callichronioides, Thorns. 65 

2. trochanterius, Gahan . . 66 

5. Melegena, Paseoe 66 

1. flavipes, Gahan 66 





Page 


6. Nericonia, Paseoe 


. 67 


1. nigra, Gahan 


. iS7 


Subfani. 3. Lepturince 


68 


1. Apatophysis, Chevrolat . 


69 


1. ijashmiriana, Semeiiow 


. VO 


2. nioutaua, Gahan 


71 


3. modica, Gahan 


71 


2. Peithona, Gahan 


71 


1. prionoides, Gahan . . . 


72 


3. Capnolvmma, Paseoe . . . 


;3 


1. ciugalensis, Gahan. . . 


73 


4. Apiocephalus, Gahan... 


74 


1. licheneus, Gahan . . . 


V4 


5. Caraphia, Gahan 


75 


1. cribrata, Gahan 


75 


2. minor, Gahan 


76 


6. Teledapus, Paseoe 


/ 1 


1. dorcadioides, Paseoe . . 


77 


7. Oxyniiruf, Mulsant 


78 


1. cursor, Liyin 


79 


8. Rhondia, Gahan 


79 


1. pugua.x, Dohrn 


80 


9. Leptura, Linn 


81 


1. rubriola, Bates 


81 


2. miniacea, Gahan . . . . 


82 


3. lavinia, Gahan 


83 


4. clvtina, Gahan 


84 


5. lepta, Gahan 


84 


6. cribripenuis, Gahan . . 


85 


7. nianipurensis, Gahan. . 


86 


8. frainii, Fairm 


86 


10. Epbies, Paseoe 


87 


1. coccineus, Gahan .... 


87 


2. sulcipennis, Bates .... 


88 


11. PyrocaJvmuia, Thorns. . . 


88 


1. pvrochroides, Thonis.. . 


89 


2. conspicua, Gahan .... 


89 


Subfam. 4. Cerambyeince .... 


90 


Group 1. Protaxi ni 


92 


1. Protaxis, Gahan 


93 


1. fulve.'^cens, Gahan .... 


93 


Group 2. Asemini 


94 


1. Tetropium, Kirhy 


95 


1. oreiuura, Gahan 


95 


2. Criocepbalus, Mulsant . . 


96 


1. e.xoticus, Sliarp 


96 


2. unicolor, Gahan 


97 


Group 3. (l^jUiini 


98 


1. Aniimes, Paseoe 


99 


1 . macilentus, Paseoe .... 


99 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



2. Tetraommatus, Terroud. . 100 

1. filifonnis, Perroud .... 101 

2. muticus, Pascoe 101 

•'>. bimaculatus, Gahan . . 102 

4. insignis, Gahan 102 

h. nigricep.«i, Pascoe .... 103 

3. Hypoeschi'us, TJiunis 104 

1. indicu.'f, Gahan 104 

4. Gilmospila, Gaha7i 104 

1. maculipenni.s, Gaha?i. . lOh 

5. Xystrocera, Sen- 105 

1. globosa, Oliv 106 

2. iestiva, Thorns 107 

6. Oplatocera, White 107 

1. callidioides, White 108 

2. oberthuri, Gahan .... 108 

Group 4. Hesperopha nin i. 109 

1. Gnatbolea, Thorns 110 

1. eburil'era, Thorns. . . . , ]11 

2. sioiplex, Gahan Ill 

3. fryana, Gahan Ill 

2. Hesperopliaiies, Midsant . 112 

1. cribi'icollis, Bates .... 113 

2. erosiis, Gahan 113 

3. Stromatiuni, Serville .... 114 

1. barbatum, Fah 114 

2. loiigicorue, Newman . . 115 

4. Zoodes, Pascoe 115 

1. maculatus, White .... 116 

2. quadrideiitatus, Gahan. 116 

3. fulgiiratu.s, Gahan .... 117 

4. uilgiriensis, Gahan . . 117 

5. eburioides, Lacord. . . 118 

6. compressus, Fab 118 

Groups. Ceramb_ycini ,, 119 

1. Plocsederus, Thotns 120 

1. ferrugineus, Linn 121 

2. obesus, Gahan 121 

3. pedestris, White 123 

4. bumeralis, White .... 123 

5. coDsocius, Pffscoe .... 124 

2. Neocerambyx, I'homs. . . ] 24 

1. paris, Wied 124 

2. grandis, Gahan 125 

3. vEolestbes, Gahan 126 

1. basicorni'i, Gahan .... 126 

2. holosericea, Fab 127 

3. sineiLsis, Gahan 128 

4. induta, Neicman .... 128 

5. indicola, Bates 128 

6. sarta, Sidskxj 1 1>9 

4. MavSsicus, Pascoe 129 

1. unicolor, Gahan 130 



Page 

2. venustus, Pascoe .... 130 

5. Iloplocerarabyx, Thorns. . 131 

1. spinicornis, Neivman . . 131 

6. Diorthus, Gahan 132 

] . simplex, White 133 

7. Pacbjdissus, Newman . . 133 

1. parvicoUis, Gahan. . . . 134 

8. iJerolus, Gahan 135 

1. mauritanicus, Buquet . 135 

2. discicollis, Gahan .... 136 

3. demissus, Pascoe .... 136 

9. JNIargites, Gahan 187 

1. exiguus, Gahan 137 

2. modicus, Gahan .... 138 

3. sulcicoUis, Gahan .... 138 

10. Dymasius, 'Thorns 139 

1. macilentus, Pascoe . . 139 

2. fulvescens, Gahan .... 140 

3. minor, Gahan 140 

4. plagiatus, Gahan .... 141 

11. Uialeges, Pascoe 141 

1. pauper, Pascoe 142 

2. uudulatu.s, Gahan .... 143 

12. Sebasmia, Pascoe 143 

1. templetoui, Pascoe. . . . 144 

2. testacea, Gahan 144 

3. nigra, Gahan 145 

13. Trachylopbus, Gahan 145 

1. sinensis, Gahan 146 

14. Rhytidodera, White 146 

1. robusta, Gahan 147 

2. simulans, White .... 148 

3. integra, KoUte 148 

15. Xoanodera, Pascoe 148 

1 . trigona, Pascoe 149 

2. amcena, Pascoe 150 

3. regularis, Gahan .... 150 

Group 6. Phoracantbini . . ]51 

1. Nyphasia, Pascoe 151 

1. torrida, Pascoe 152 

2. apicalis, Gahan 152 

3. fuscipenuis, Gahan . . 152 

4. pascoei, Lacord 153 

2. Nysina, Gahan 153 

1. orien talis, White .... 153 

Group 7. Callidiopsini . . 154 

1. Gelonaetha, Thorns 154 

1. birta, Fairni 155 

2. Trinopbylum, Btdes .... 155 

1. cribratum, Bates .... 156 

3. Ceresium, Newman .... 156 

1. gracile, Perroud 157 

2. rufum, Lameere 157 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



3. angustuluni, Gahan . 

4. geniculatum, W/itte . 

5. zeylanicum, White. . . 

6. leucosticticuni, Wlnte 

7. roturdicolle, Pascoe . 

8. modestum, Ga/ian ... 

9. ventrale, Gahan 

10. apicale, Gahan 

11. nilgiriense, Gahan 

12. andamanicum, Gahan 

13. simplex, Gyil 

4. 8alpinia, Pascoe 

1. socia, Gahan 

0. Stenygrinum, Bates . . . . 

1. quadi'inotatum, Bates . 

Group 8. Obriini 

1. Obrium, Serville 

1. posticum, Gahan . . . . 

2. Steuhomalus, White . . . . 

1 . fenestratus, White . . 

2. Y-pallidum, Motsch. . 

3. lateralis, Pascoe 

3. Ibidionidum, Gahan , . . . 

1. corbetti, Gahan 



158 
158 
158 
, 159 
160 
160 
160 
161 
161 
161 
162 
163 
163 
163 
164 

164 
165 
165 
16G 
166 
167 
167 
168 
168 



Group 9. Molorchini 169 

1. Molorchus, Fab 169 

1. taprobanicus, Gahan . . 170 

2. iiliformis, Motsch 170 

2. Merionceda, Pascoe 171 

1. indica, Hope 171 

2. andrewesi, Gahan .... 172 

3. taprobanica, Gahan . . 173 

4. nigriceps, White .... 173 

5. amabilis, Jordan .... 174 

3. Kunbir, Lameere 174 

1. teleplioroides, Lameere 174 

Group 10. Rosaliini 175 

1. Rosalia, Serville 176 

1. lameerei, Brongn 176 

2. latevitia, Hope 177 

3. gravida, Lameere .... 178 

4. hariola, Thorns 178 

5. decempunctata, Westic. 179 

6. laeta, Lameere 179 

7. formosa, Satmd 180 

2. Callichroniopsis, Chevr. . . 180 

1. teleplioroides, Westio. . 181 

Group 11. Mythodini 182 

1. Phyodexia, Pascoe 182 

] . concinna, Pascoe .... 1 83 



Page 

Group 12. Purpuricenini. . 183 

1. Purpuricenus, Latrielle . . 184 

1. sangiiinolentus, Oliv. . 184 

2. nialaecensis, Lacord. . . 1 85 

3. haussknechti, IJ'itte . 186 

4. moutanus, White .... 1 86 

2. Eurvpbagus, Thorns 187 

1. liindii. Fab 188 

Group 13. Callicbromini . 189 

1. Zonopterus, Hope 190 

1. flavitarsis, Jlope 191 

2. con sanguineus, 7?/Vse?na 191 

3. redemanui, Nonfried. . 192 

4. corbetti, Gahan 192 

6. diversus, Gahan 193 

2. Niraeus, Nerom 193 

1. tricolor, Netcm 194 

3. Pacbyteria, Serville .... 194 

1. superba, Gestro 195 

2. fasciata, Fab 195 

3. calumniata, Ritsema . . 196 

4. dimidiata, Westiv. . . 196 

5. chrysogaster, Ritsema . 197 

4. Cbloridolum, Thorns. . . 198 

1. bivittatum, White 198 

2. trogouinum, Pascoe . . 199 

3. alcmene, Thorns 199 

4. cinnyris, Pascoe 200 

5. nynipba, White 201 

6. perleetum, White .... 201 

5. Noth opens, Pascoe 202 

1. bemipterus, Oliv 203 

2. fulvus, Bates 203 

3. tibialis, Ritsema 204 

6. Apbrodisium, Tho7ns. . . 205 

1. cantori, Hope 205 

2. plaiiicolle, van de Poll . 206 

3. cribricoUe, van de Poll 207 

4. bardwickianum. White 208 

5. neoxeinini, M hite .... 208 
(;. robustuiu, Bates .... 209 

7. gritbthi, Hope 209 

8. rubripennis, Hoj)e .... 210 

7. Obelidonium, Thorns 210 

1 . argentatum, Dahn. . . 211 

2. cinctuni, Guer 212 

3. sinense, Hope 212 

4. gibbicolle, White 213 

8. Polyzoinis, Casteln 213 

1. saigoneusis, Bates .... 214 

2. tetraspilutus, Hope . . 214 
Var. megaspilus, Gahan . 215 
Var. niicrospilus, Gahan . 215 



SYSTEMATIC IXDEX. 



^ nr. macroppilus, Gahaii 

3. Havocinctus, Galtan . 

4. bizonatus, White . . . 

5. brevipes, Gahan 

6. obtiisus, Bates 

7. watsoni, Gahan .... 

8. prasiiiiis, White .... 

9. deiuocraticus, X«- 

7neerc 

9. Anubis, Thorns 

1. inermis, J flute 

1?. roi^tratiis, Bates .... 

3. bipustulatus, Tliums. . 

4. tiiubriatus, Bates .... 
10. Ipothalia, Fascoe 

1. pyrrha, Pascoe 

Group 14. Pj'restini .... 

1. Pachylocerus, Hope .... 

1. coralliuus, Hope .... 

2. unicolor, Dohvn 

3. sulcatus, Brongn 

4. crassicornis, Oliv 

2. Pyrestes, Pascoe 

1. miniatus, Pascoe .... 

2. pyrrhus, Gahan .... 

3. birmanicus, Gahan . . 

4. dohertii, Gahan .... 

3. Erythrus, White 

1. bicolor, Westio 

2. westwoodi, White . . 

3. coccineus, Ga]um. . . . 

Group 15. Prothemiui . . 



Page 

2U5 
216 
216 
217 
218 
218 
219 

220 
220 
220 
221 
221 
222 
222 
223 

224 
224 

22o 
225 
225 
226 
227 
227 
228 
228 
229 
229 
230 
231 
231 

232 
232 
233 
234 

234 



1. Iloiiialomelas, While . . 

1. gracilipes, Parry .... 

2. (inndndenifitus, Gahan 

3. zonatus, Pascoe .... 

2. Prothenia, Pascoe 235 

1. aurata, Gahan 235 

Group 16. Thraniiui .... 236 

1. Tbranius, Pascoe 230 

1. gibbosus, Pascoe .... 237 

2. .simplex, Gahan .... 237 

3. triplagiatus, Gahan . . 238 

4. fryanus, Gahan .... 238 

Group 17. Clytini 239 

1. Xylutrechus, Chevr 241 

1. !«mei, Lap. et Gory . . 241 

2. subscutellatus, Chevr. 242 

3. cariiiifrons, L<tp. et 

Gory 243 

VOL. I. 



4. buqueti, Lap. et Gory 24;i 

5. stebbiuf>i, Gahan .... 244 

6. lateralis, Gahan .... 244 

7. quadripes, Chevr. . . 245 

8. subditus, Chevr 2-l() 

9. gestroi, Gahan 2-J() 

10. lianipsoui, Gahan . . 247 

1 1. cariuicolli.s, J<o-dan . . 248 

1 2. im-urvatus, C/ievr. . . 248 

13. contortus, Gahan . . 249 

14. .«ubdepressus, Chevr. 249 

2. Clytus, Leicharfiay 250 

1. callizouus, Gahan . . 251 

2. mouticola, (rahan . . 251 

3. seiuiulator, Nonfried. . 252 

4. nioutanus, Nonfried . 253 

5. luinutissimus, iVou- 253 

fried 25."; 

3. Perissus, Chevr 254 

1. fidigiuosus, Chevr. . . 254 

2. Itetus, Lavieere .... 255 

3. per.similis, Gahan .... 256 

4. uilgiriensis, Gahan . . 256 

5. mutabilis, Galtan . . 256 

6. aper, Clievr 257 

7. dohertii, Gahan .... 258 

8. myops, Chevr 258 

9. parvulus, Gahan .... 258 

4. Jsclinodora, Chevr 259 

1. macra, Chevr 259 

5. Caloclytus, Fairm 260 

1. annularis, Fab 201 

2. .Sagittarius, Galtan . . 21)1 

3. agnatus, Chevr 262 

4. jucundus, Perroud . . 262 

5. arciferus, Chevr 21)3 

6. socius, Gahan 204 

7. distiuguendus, Perroud 204 

8. rubricoUis, Lap. et 

Gory 265 

9. alboscutellatus, Chevr. 205 

10. 14-maculalus, Chevr. . 20() 

11. UKiestus, Chevr 260 

1 2. nielanoholicus, Chevr. 207 

13. dohertii, Gahan .... 267 

14. patricius, Gahan .... 2()8 

15. ciugalensis, Gahan . . 208 

16. ludeus, Gahan .... 269 

17. assiniilis, Hope .... 20!) 

18. ignobilis, Btdes .... 270 

19. parens, Allard .... 270 

6. Rhaphuma, Pascoe .... 271 

1. diana, Gahan 271 

2. patkaiua, Gahan .... 272 

3. horsfieldi. White 272 

b 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



4. phiale, Gahan 

5. fulgurata, Gahan . . 

6. manipurensis, Gahan 

7. sexnotata, Chew. . . 

8. placida, Pascoe .... 

0. Jallax, Chevr 

10. praeiLsta, Lameere . . 

11. rhea, Gahan 

12. quiiiquenotata, Chevy 

13. Irimaculata, Chevr. 

14. sutiiialis, Gahan 

]•">. tiiualba, Gahan .... 
1 0. elegautula, Gahan . . 
Clvtoctra, Gahan .... 

1. cliionospila, Gahan 
Domoiiax, llionis 

1. lineatus, Chevr 

2. balyi, Pascoe 

•). nionticola, Gahan . . 

4. all)Osiguatus, Gahan 

5. oblongomaculatus, 

Gahan 

Ci. nigrouiaculatus, Gahan 

7. literatus, Galian .... 

8. f-erailuctuosus, White 

9. digniis, Gahan 

10. leiicoscutellatus, Ho'pe 

1 1 . tc'-taceus, Hope .... 

12. deceus, Gahan .... 
] 3. decorus, Gahan .... 

14. reticollis, Gahan . . 

15. walkeri, Pascoe .... 

16. andamaiiicus, Gahan 

17. niacilentus, Chevr. . . 

18. ddliertii, Gahan .... 

19. imilio, Pascoe 

20. qiiadricolor, Gahan 

21. f nanus, Gahan .... 

22. qiiadricollis, Gahan 

23. biciiiotus, i/o;)^ .... 

24. diinidiatu.?, Chevr. . . 

25. albomaciilatiis, AUard 
2(). divi.«iis, Chevr 

27. albiciiictus, Hope . . 

28. ascendeii.s, Pascoe . . 

29. fomiicoides, Lameere 

30. iiiaculicollis. Gahan 

31. delesserti, Chevr. . . 

32. ])ersimilis, Chevr. . . 

33. funebrisj Lameere . . 



Page 

273 
274 
274 
275 

275 
27G 
276 
276 
277 
277 
278 
278 
279 
279 
280 
280 
281 
282 
282 
283 

283 
284 
284 
285 
286 
286 
287 
288 
288 
289 
289 
290 
291 
291 
292 
292 
293 
293 
294 
294 
295 
295 
296 
296 
297 
297 
298 
298 
299 



Page 

9. Psilomerus, Chevr 299 

1. aiigustiis, Chevr oOO 

2. bimaculatus, Gahan . . 300 

3. hanipsoni, Gahan .... 301 

10. 01igoen(>pIu.*, Chevr 301 

1. veutralis, Chevr 302 

2. murinus, Al/ard 302 

11. Aglaophis, Thonis 30.S 

1. hiinierosus, Chevr 303 

2. fasciatus, Thongs 304 

3. watsoni, Gahan 304 

Group 18. Epipedocerini . 305 

1. Epipedocera, Chevr 305 

1. zona, Chevr 306 

2. laticolhs, Gahan 307 

3. affinis, Chevr 307 

4. undulata, Hope 307 

2. Centrotoclytus, Motsch. . . 308 

1. quadridens, Motsch. . . 308 

2. carinatus, Gahan .... 309 

3. Eicon, Pascoe 310 

1. biniaculatuni, Gahan. . 310 

4. llalnie, Pascoe 311 

1. ciuctella, Gahan 311 

2. cseiiilesc-ens, Gaha?i . . 312 

5. Clytellus, Westicood .... 312 

1. olesteroides, Pascoe . . 313 

Group 19. Cleomenini .... 313 

1. Artimpaza, Thonis 314 

1. bicolor, Pascoe 314 

2. Dere, White 315 

1. affinis, Gahan 316 

2. fulvipennis, Gahan. . . . 316 

3. apicalis, Gahan 316 

3. Cleomenes, Thorns 316 

1. chrvseus, Gahan 317 

4. Nida, Pascoe 318 

1. fiavovittata, Pascoe . . 318 

2. andamanica, Gahan . . 319 

Group 20. Glaucytini .... 319 

1. Iresioides, Thorns 319 

1. nioesta, Pascoe 320 

2. brunnea, Tlamis 320 

3. kraatzi, Thorns 321 

2. Polypliida, Pascoe 321 

1. nietallica, Nonfried . . 321 



Order COLEOPTERx\. 

Suborder POLYP HAG A. 
Superfamily LONGICORNIA. 

Family CERAMBYCID^. 

Head obliquely inclined in trout, sometimes subvertical, but 
with the genal edge always oblique or vertical, formed into 
a more or less distinct and often projecting angle behind 
the base of the mandible ; clypeo-frontal sutures generally 
distinct, the clypeus as a rule relatively large. Last joint of 
palpi not pointed at the end. Eront tibiae not grooved under- 
neath, the middle tibiae, except in Disteniiufp, never notched 
nor grooved on the outer margin. Tarsal claws always simple ; 
in the great majority of forms, widely divergent or divaricate. 

This family, altliough comprising fewer specific forms than the 
Lamikla\ is less homogeneous in character and probably contains 
as great a number of different genera. It appears to be on the 
whole the less speciaUsed of the two, including as it does a much 
larger proportion of forms which have retained wliat may be 
regarded as primitive characters. But as these characters appear, 
some in one genus or group, some in another and never all together. 
the_ problem of _ determining the phjlogenetic relationship of the 
various groups is one of the greatest difficulty, and the classification 
of the_ family remains for the present to a great extent artificial. 
The minor groups in which Lacordaire arranged the genera appear 
to me to be, with few exceptions, natural ones ; and in dealino- 
with the larger subfamilies I have, with certain modifications, 
adopted them here, but have not adhered to his sequence in the 
arrangement of the groups. The family, so far as it is represented 
in the present fauna, I have divided into four subfamilies, three 
of which correspond to the three main groups into which Gano-1- 
bauer has divided the European Ceramhycince ; the fourth subfamflv 
is equivalent to Lacordaire's group Disteniides with the addition of 
two genera which he had placed elsewhere. The division is based 
to some extent on larval characters, which however are not given 
in the following synopsis. 

VOL. I. V. 



2. CEKAMBYCIDyE. 

Syno'psis of Subfamilies. 

A. Inner lobe of maxillse obsolete or very small; 

gula without luentigerous process ; prothorax 
marginate at sides ; front coxae strongly 
transverse Prionince. 

B. Inner lobe of maxillse more or less well 

developed; prothorax not marginate at sides; 
front 00X36 rarely strong!}^ transverse. 

a. Head more or less elongated and either 

gradually or abruptly narrowed behind 
eyes ; gula with a mentigerous process, 
which, as a rule, is very distinct ; mandibles 
frequently provided with a ligamentous 
fringe and molar tooth at base ; wing- 
vein Cu. 1 usually bifurcate behind and 
joined near middle to Cu. 2. 
a'. Head very short in front ; antennae 
close to the base of the mandibles ; 
front coxae subglobular, with their aceta- 
bula rounded, or exceptionally slightly 

angulated on outer side Disteniince. 

h'. Head longer in front ; antennae less 
close to base of the mandibles ; front 
coxae conical and prominent, with 
their acetabula more or less strongly 
angulated on outer side Lepturince. 

b. Head variable in form, but seldom distinctly 

narrowed behind eyes ; gula with or 
without a mentigerous process, this, Avhen 
present, usually very short ; mandibles 
never provided with a ligamentous fringe 
or molar tooth at base ; wing-venation 
generally reduced by disappearance either 
of Cu. 2 or branch of Cu. 1 or of both, 
sometimes as complete as in Lepturinie, 
but only in forms which have no distinct 
mentigerous process to the gula Ceramhycince. 



Subfamily I. PRIONIN^. 

Prlonides, Lacord. Gen. CoUopt. viii, p. 16 (1869). 
Prionidse, Bates, Biol. Centr.-Americana, Col. v, p. 1 (1879). 
Prioniui, Ganqlb. {Besiim.-Tabell. Europ. Col. vii), Verh. z.-b. Ges. 
JJYfu, xxxi,'p. 684 (1882). 

Inner lobe of maxillae obsolete or very small ; ligula corneous ; 
mentum not covering base of maxillae ; gala without distinct 
mentigerous process. Antenna? usually inserted close to the base 
of the mandibles. Prothorax, except in a few species, marginate 
at the sides. Mesoiiotum, except in the single genus Phllus, 



PRIONIN.E. 6 

without stridulatory area. Front coxae strongly transverse, with 
their acetabula widely open behind. Wing-venation conforming 
generally to the type represented in fig. G Intro., in which vein A 1 
has a rather large subelliptical cell in its course, and vein Cu. 1 is 
simple and not united withCu.2; exceptionally however (group 
Philini) vein Cu. 1 gives off one or two branches and is united 
by a cross-vein with Cu. 2. 

From the subfamily as above defined two groups, sometimes 
placed in it, will have to be excluded. These groups — the Paran- 
ili'ides and Anoplodermides — may be regarded as distinct sub- 
families, but as they are not represented in the Indian fauna it is 
unnecessary to characterise them here. The character by which 
the Prtonince may be in practice most readily recognized is the 
possession by the prothorax of sharp lateral margins. These 
margins are usually distinguishable along the whole length of each 
side, running at a greater or less distance from the outer angles 
of the coxal cavities and from the prosternal sutures ; they are 
sometimes entire but more frequently dentate or spinose, the 
spines or teeth sometimes large and few in number, sometimes 
small and forming a series ; exceptionally the margins curve down- 
wards from the base so as to run very close to the acetabula and 
prosternal sutures ; in certain forms become obsolete or wholly 
disappear on the anterior half of each side ; they ai'e completely 
Manting in one species only among those dealt with in the present 
fauna. 

This subfamily is represented in nearly all parts of the 
world, and includes many of the largest species of Coleoptera. In 
certain of the groups the eyes are finely facetted, and this character 
is frequently associated with the possession of metallic or other 
bright colours. Wo far as at present known, no species belong- 
ing to any of these groups occurs within our faunistic limits. 
In the Indian genera the eyes are always coarsely facetted, and 
the species, with one or two exceptions, are restricted in their 
range of coloration between black and those lighter shades of 
brown which verge on red and yellow. 

Following the example set by Lacordaire in dealing with large 
subfamihes, I propose here to give fi.rst a synopsis of the different 
groups of genera, to be followed later by a s3a'iopsis of the 
different genera associated together in each group. 

Si/no2')sis of Grouj)S. 

A. Epistenia of metathorax parallel-sided for the 
greater part of their length or nearly so ; broadly 
truncate behind, 
a. Prothorax with from one to four strong marginal 
teeth or spines on each side ; presternum not 
flat and horizontal behind. 
a'. Tibipe not spinose on outer margin ; eyes dis- 
tinctly emavginate ; ligula bilobed or emar 
ginate ; antennie of J longer than half bodv. 

v2 



4 CEEAMBIClD.i;. 

<r. First anteunal joint one-third at least longer 

than broad : labrum not triaugulai-. Group Prion:}V. 
h'-. First antennal joint short, obconic, scarcely 
longer than broad ; labrum triangular .... 

Group Acant/tophon'm. 
b' . Tibiae spinose on outer margin ; eyes almost 
entire ; ligula entire : antennoe of ^T not 

longer than half body Group Caniharocnemini. 

b. Prothorax -svith lateral margins entire or nearly 

so, or else provided each -with a series of several 

teeth or spines. 

a' . Lateral margins of prothorax entire or with 

only one small submedian tooth ; first antennal 

joint short Group Eunipouini. 

h' . Lateral margins of prothorax crenulate or 
plurideutate ; first antennal joint long or 

moderatelv long Group Macrotomini. 

B. Episterna of metathorax with posteriorly converging 
sides, narrowly ti'uncate or obtusely pointed at 
apex. 

a. Third joint of tarsi cleft almost to base ; vein 

Cu. 1 of hind wings simple, not united with 
vein Cu. 2, 
a' . Head sloping in front ; antennse inserted near 

base of mandibles Group ^yosoimni. 

h' . Head vertical in front ; antennae more or less 

distant from base of mandibles .... Group Monodesnmii. 

b. Third joint of tarsi cleft to middle only ; vein 

Cu. 1 of hind wings branched, united by a cross- 
vein with vein Cu. 2 Group Philim. 



Group PRIONINI. 

The genera of this group are distinguished by having usually 
three teeth or spines on each side of the prothorax, the number 
being increased to four in one genus and reduced to one in another ; 
the intercoxal process of the prosternuni more or less strongly 
curved and sometimes subvertical behind, never in the form of 
a thin flat plate. The clypeus often more or less coriaceous 
in front : the labrum always distinct, sometimes narrow and 
more or less rectangular in form, sometimes semicircular and 
transverse, but never triangular. The antennae variable in form, 
but with tlie first joint one-third at least longer than broad. 
The epiraera of the metathorax prolonged behind so as to pass 
alongside the outer end of the coxae. The legs sometimes 
asperate or scabrous, but never spinose. The paronychium 
small, but usually visible between the claws and in most of the 
genera setose at the end. 

Except in one genus (Logcens) there is no strongly-marked 
sexual difference in the puncturation of the thoi-ax, the sexes 
differ chiefly in the length of the antennae and in the length 
and form of the mandibles. 



DOUVSTHEXES. O 

St/nopsis of Genera. 

A. Mandibles long, curving- downwards ami 

backwards, narrowing towards apex. 

a. Antenua3 subinibricate ; lobes of third 

tarsal joint narrowed, usually spined at 
apex. 
a'. Marginal teetli of prothorax short ; 
prosternuni witli strong anterior pro- 
cess in J . 
a'-. Only one distinct marginal tooth to 
prothorax ; prosternal process of c? 

simple DORYSTHKNES. p. o. 

U-. Tliree distinct marginal teeth to pro- 
thorax ; prosternal process of S 

bifid DissosTERNus p. 7. 

h' , Marginal teeth of prothorax long and 
sharp ; prosternuni without anterior 
process Baladeva, p 8 

b. Antennae serrate but not imbricate ; lobes 

of third tarsal joint rounded at apex. 
«'. Pronotum strongly convex : marginal 

teeth rather short Lophosternus, p. 9. 

//. Pronotum feebly convex ; marginal 

teeth long and spiniform Paraphrus, p. 13. 

B. Mandibles vertical or oblique, not recurved, 
a-. Mandibles of moderate length and never 

falciform; third tarsal joint incompletely 

bilobed or simply emarginate. 

a' . Marginal teeth of prothorax short ; 

tibife not cariuate ; autennre of S 

usually either imbricate, pectinate or 

tlabellate Prioxus, p. 14. 

V . Marginal teeth of prothorax lojig and 
spiniform ; tibife cariuate and sulcate ; 
antennae serrate or subserrate 
«-, Epipleures of elytra gradually and 
only slightly widened towards base. 
a^. Antennal supports depressed : pro- 
notum not tuberculate Prionomma, p. IG. 

b^. Antennal supports raised; pro- 
notum bituberculate Axcyloprotus, p. 18. 

h-. Epipleures cf elytra strongly widenea 

out below shoulders Log-^eus, p. 19. 

b. Mandibles long, very long and falciform in 
fully developed males; third tarsal joint 
Completely bilobed Priotybannus, p. 21. 

Genus DORYSTHENES. 

Dorvsthenes, Vir/ors, Zool. Joiinr. ii, p. 514 (1820) ; Lacord. Geu. 

Culeopt. viii, p. 53 (18(39). 
Cvrtognathus, Casteln. Hid. Xaf. An. Art. ii, p. 389 (1840). 

Type, D. rostrataa, Fab. 
Ramie. India, Burma and Siam. 

(5 . Mandibles long, curved backwards below, gradually narrowed 
and only slightly incurved towards t!ie tip. Antenuiferous tubers 



6 



CEEAMBTCID.E, 



depressed, separated from each other by a channel which is very 
narrow in front, gradually widened behind. Antennae scarcely 
reaching beyond the middle of the elytra, 12-joinled, with the 
third joint a little longer than the first and distinctly longer than 
the fourth, slightly produced and acute at the apex on the anterior 
side ; fourth to eleventh successively shorter, produced each 
into an angulate process at the apex on the anterior side. Pro- 
notum convex, somewhat transversely hexagonal in form, its 
sides produced each into a flat angular process at the middle, 
convergent thence towards the apex and also, but less strongly, 
towards the base ; its front and hind angles rounded off. Elytra 
less than twice as long as broad, oblique at the shoulders, broadly 
rounded at the apex. Third joint of the middle and hind tarsi 
not cleft beyond the middle, each of its lobes narrowed to the 
apex and usually ending in a sharp spine ; the fourth joint short 
but distinct, triangular in form, sometimes spined on each side 
at the end. Prosternum with a strongly projecting anterior 
process which is pointed at the end, 

2 • Head and mandibles shorter; 
antennsB much shorter and more 
slender, with joints fifth to eleventh 
feebly serrate at the apex. Elytra 
widened in the middle. Anterior 
tarsi not dilated ; first three joints 
of all the tarsi with a spine on 
each side at the apex. Prosternum 
with the anterior process very 
feebly developed. 

1. Dorysthenes rostratus, Fab. 

(riionus) Fid. Si/st. i, 2, p. 243 
(1792); Oliv. Ent. iv, no. 66, 
p. 36, pi. X, tig. 37 (1795) ; 
Jlyors (Dorvstbenes), Zool. 
Joitrn. ii, p. 516, pi. 19. figs. 4 
kba (1826); Cnsteln. (Cyrto- 
guathus) Hist. Nat. An. Art. ii, 
p. 389 (1840) ; Guer. Fev. Zool. 
1840, p. 40, pi. i, fig. 6. 

S . Head and elytra (except in 
slightly immature specimens) dark 
brown ; prothorax (except at the 
edges), antennse, legs, and under- 
side reddish brown. Headimpuuc- 
tate and very shiny in front, 
Fig.l.-i)or//,s//..«r.sro,sY7-«/w,s-Fab.,c?, sparsely punctured above between 
with dorsal view of bead and pro- , f i i i i ■ j 

thorax of $, and side view of bead t^^ eyes, more closely belnnd ; 
and prothorax of cj'. closely granulate at the sides. 

Scape of autennte barely reaching 
to the hind margin of the eye, the latter being large, Pronotum 
very glossy, nearly as long in the middle as it is broad at the base. 




DISSOSTERNUS. 7 

very sparsely punctulate except near the margins ; with a broad 
but very shallow depression in the middle. Elytra glossy, each with 
two or three feebly raised costa3. Prosternal process long, not much 
widernt the base than in the middle, directed down wardsandstrongly 
forwards. Hind breast very denseh'' covered with tawny pubes- 
cence. Last ventral segment sinuate at the apex. Front tarsi 
moderately dilated, with the first joint nearly twice as long as 
broad and distinctly longer than the second joint. Third joint of 
the middle and hind tarsi with a rather long spine at the end of 
each lobe. 

5 . Broader than the male ; the antenna? slender, scarcely 
reaching beyond the basal fifth of the elytra ; all the tarsi narrow, 
the basal three joints all distinctly spined at the end. Last 
ventral segment with rounded hind margin. 

LeiKjili 29-49 ; hreadth 10-16 mm. 

Hah. Mysore and Madras ; (?) Siam. 

2. Dorysthenes montanus, Guer. (Cyrtognathus) Rev. Zool. 1840, 
p. 30, pi. i, fig-. 5. 

(S . Almost entirely reddish brown in colour, the head only 
being dark brown. Eyes smaller than in D. rostratus and moi'e 
distant from each other above, the scape of the antennae reaching 
beyond their hind margin. Pronotum rather closely punctulate, 
not very glossy, its breadth across the base one-third greater 
than its length along the middle. Elytra only slightly glossy. 
Anterior process of prosternum very broad at the base, gradu- 
ally narrowed to the apex, its front face almost vertical and its 
hind one inclined so as to lie nearly in the same plane as the 
posterior part of the prosternum. Front tarsi rather strongly 
dilated, much broader than the hind ones, the first joint but 
little longer than broad and a little longer than the second joint. 
Hind breast not very densely covered with tawny pubescence.. 
5 . Differs from the male as in D. rostratus. 

Length 26-44 ; breadth 9-15 mm. 

Hah. Southern India : Coonor, Nilgiris and Anaimalai Hills ;. 
(?) Burma. 

Genus DISSOSTERNUS. 

Dissosternus, Hope, Proc. Zool. Soc. i, p. 64 (1833) ; id. Trans. ZooL 
Soc. i, p. ]00 (1834) ; Lacord. Gen. Coleopt. viii, p. 53 (1869). 

Type, D. pertii., Hope. 

Ba7ir/e. That of the type species. 

(S . Head and mandibles as in Dori/stheaes, but with the eyes 
smaller. Antenna) reaching considerably beyond the middle of 
the elytra, 12-jointed, the joints from the fourth to the tenth 
strongly compressed and produced each into an acute angle or 
tooth at the apex on the anterior side. Pronotum convex, each of 
its lateral angles produced into a strong tooth or spine at the 
middle and a shorter tooth between the middle and the front 
margin ; its hind angles slightly projecting and feebly dentate.. 



b CEBAMBTCIDJE. 

Elytra almost twice as long as broad, rounded at apex. Pro- 
sternum with a strong, wedge-sliaped, anterior process which is 
directed downwards and deeply notched in the middle at the 
extremity. Legs as in Dori/sihenes, but with the fourth tarsal 
joint smaller and more noduliform. 



3. Dissosternus pertii, Hojje, Tratis. Zool. Soc. i, p. 106, pi. 15, fig. 3 
(1S34). 

S . Blackish brown in colour, the 
elytra chocolate-brown. Head rather 
closely punctulate and very shiny 
in front, more closely and strongly 
punctured above, the punctures replaced 
by granules behind and at the sides. 
Eyes rather small, broadly and somewhat 
deeph' emarginate in front. Antennae : 
the first six joints glossy and sparsely 
punctulate, the I'est dull ; first joint 
reaching by about a third of its length 
beyond the hind margin of the eye ; 
third a little longer than the first, 
shorter than the fourth and fifth 
united. Pronotum glossy, finely and 
rather sparsely punctured. Scutellum 
sparsely puuctm'ed. Elytra rugulose, 
with scarcely any gloss. Hind breast 
faintly pubescent. Front tarsi moderately 
dilated, with the first joint distinctly 
longer than the second. Third joint 
of the middle and hind tarsi Avith a 
*hort spine or tooth at the end of each lobe. Last ventral segment 
«inuately truncate at the apex. Female not hno\An. 
Length 25-28 ; hreadth 8-10 mm. 
Huh. Poona. 




Fig. 2. 
Dissosternus pertii, Hope, c?. 



Genus BALADEVA. 

Baladeva, Waterh. TraJis. £nt. Soc. ii, p. :?2o (1S40). 
Cyrtognatlius (part.), Lacord. Gen. Coleupt. viii, p. 52 (1869). 

Type, B. wall-eri, Waterh. 

Range. That of the type species. 

In the structure of the head, antennae, and legs very closel}' 
resembles the genus Donjsthencs. Prothorax armed with three 
spines on each side, the longest at the middle, the shortest at the 
hind angle ; the lateral edge in front of the anterior spine short 
and strongly oblique. Elytra : the shoulders oblique in front, 
projecting slightly outwards and turned up at the angle. Inter- 
coxal part of the prosteruum strongly raised in the middle, vertical 
and unarmed in front, cui'ved behind, its end resting on the 
raesosternum. 



LOPHOSTEBXrS. ■) 

4. Baladeva walkeri, Wuterh. Trans. Ent. Soc. ii, p. 226, pi. 21, fij. 1 
(1-40). 

<S . Dark browa or almost black ia colour ; the back of the 
liead, the prothorax, and the underside more or less reddish. 
Head feebly and sparsely puactulate above, somewhat granulate 
at the sides ; mandibles very long and, in well-developed speci- 
mens, armed with a tooth on the outer margin near the middle. 
Antennae not reaching to the middle of the elytra ; first joint 
reaching to the hind margin of the rather broad eye. Pronotum 
glossy, very minutely punctulate. Elvtra rugulose and more or 
less nitid. Tibiae of the front and middle legs strongly asperate, 
or subspinose beneath ; front tarsi somewhat dilated, the first 
joint longer and narrower than the second or third. Hind breast 
with a faint tawny pubescence at the sides, a triangular area in 
the middle naked and glossy. Last ventral segment sinuate and 
slightly depressed, at the apex. 

2 . With much shorter head, and shorter and more slender 
antennae, than the male ; the legs also shorter, smooth, the 
front tarsi very little broader than the hind tarsi. Pronotum 
more deeplv punctulate than in the male and not so glossy. Hind 
breast without pubescence. Last ventral segment rounded at the 
apes. 

Leagth 33-79; breadth 1.5-29 mm. 

Hah. Burma ; Siam. 



Genus LOPHOSTEPvNUS. 

Lophosternus, Guer. Icon. Regne Anim., Ins. p. 209 (1844). 
Cyrtostemus, Guer. Icon. Bef/ne Anim., In-?, p. 210 (1S44). 
Cyrtognathus (part.), Lacord. Gen. CoUopt. viii, p. 53 (1869). 

Type, L. huquetl, Guer. 

Kange. Oriental Eegion. 

<5 . Head elongated behind the eyes, short in front : mandibles 
long, curved downwards and backwards, crossing when closed, 
their inner edges sharp ; palpi long, the labial equal in length to 
the maxillary ; antennal tubers depressed, separated by a more or 
less deep channel ; eyes emarginate in front. Antennae usually 
shorter than the body, 11-jointed ; the first joint shghtly curved, 
reaching to the hind margin of the eye or a little beyond ; 
the third longer than the first ; the fifth to the tenth, and some- 
times also the third and fourth, produced into a sharp angle or 
tooth at the apex on the anterior side; the fourth to the tenth 
each much shorter than the third ; eleventh with a very distinct 
appendix divided off by a transverse carina and projecting angle. 
Prothorax transverse, convex above, its lateral edge oblique and 
often denticulate in front, produced into a spine at the middle, 
into another spine between the middle and front margin, and 
sometimes sharply angulated or toothed near the base. Elytra 



10 



CEEAMBTCID^. 



more than twice as long as broad, slightly narrowed behind, 
rounded at the apex, often ^^■ith a small spine on each at the 
suture. Legs long, the anterior two pairs more or less asperate 
underneath ; tarsi elongated, the first joint as long as the second 
and third together ; third joint bilobed, the lobes rounded at the 
end. Intercoxal part of prosternum strongly arched u]) in the 
middle, curved down behind, its end resting on the raesosternum. 
Last ventral segment slightly sinuate at the apex. 

5 . Head and mandibles shorter. Antennae much shorter, more 
slender and less strongly serrate. Pronotum shorter, its antero- 
lateral spine nearer to the front margin, the lateral edge in 
front of it more oblique. Last ventral segment with rounded 
hind marefiu. 



d . Dark brown or almost 



5. Lophosternus indicus, Hope (Prionus), Gray's Zool. Misc. p. 27 
(1831). ^ . 

Lophosternus (Cyrtosteriius) hopei, Guer. Ico7i. Hifpie Anim., Ins. 
p. 210 (1844). 

black in colour. Head coarsely 
punctured ; eyes rather narrow, 
the upper lobe at a distance of 
at least half its own width from 
the antennal tuber. Antennte 
from three-fourths to live-sixths 
of the length of the body ; first 
joint reaching to a short distance 
beyond tiie hind margin of the 
eye ; third slightly dilated, but 
not sharply angulate at the apex ; 
fourth slightly acute at the apex, 
fifth to tenth produced into an 
acute angular process at the apex 
on the anterior side. Pronotum 
closely and finely punctured in 
front and for some distance back 
along each side of the middle line, 
closely but more strongly punc- 
tured at the sides ; hind angles 
more or less obtuse, often rounded 

off. Elytra more or less rugulose and punctate, with the little ridges 

closely and finely punctulate. Hind breast bare of pubescence. 
2 . Autennce reaching only to the middle of the elytra, much 

more slender than in the male. Last ventral segment with 

rounded hind margin. Legs smooth underneath. 
Lem/th cf $ 25-50 mm. 
Hab. Nepal ; Bhutan ; Sikhim. 




Fig 3. 

Lophosternus indicnt^, Hope, c^ . 



LOPHOSTERNUS. 11 

6. Lophosternus zivetta, T/toms. (Cyrtognatluis) liev. et Mag. Zool. 

1877, p. 2t>3. 

(S . Dark brown in colour. Head closely but not very strongly 
punctured. Eyes ratber large, the upper lobe of each at a 
distance of less than half its own width from tbe autennal tuber. 
Antennae reaching to the middle of the elytra or a little beyond ; 
first joint barely reaching beyond the hind margin of the eye ; 
third to tenth produced each into a sharp angle or tooth at the 
apex on the anterior side. Pronotum rather closely punctured at 
the sides, less closely in front and sparsely along the middle ; its 
base with a rather deep sinuate emargination on each side and a 
distinct lobe in the middle ; its hind angles projecting and acute. 
Elytra subnitid, finely but somewhat sparsely punctured, the 
interstices very minutely rugulose. Hind breast covered with a 
tawny pubescence, giving silky reflexions in certain lights. Last 
ventral segment subtruncate behind. 

5 . AntennoB less than half as long as the body, more slender 
than in the S , the joints from the fifth to the tenth becoming 
successively shorter and broader, produced each into a sharp 
angle or tooth at the apex. Hind breast bare of pubescence. 
Last ventral segment with rounded hind margin. Legs smooth 
underneath . 

Length 25-40 mm. 

Hah. Himalayas, IS'orth India. 

7. Lophosternus socius, sp. u. 

c5' . Dark brown in colour. Head closely but not very coarsely 
punctured above ; last joint of palpi widest at about two-thirds 
from the base, narrowed again towards tbe extremity ; upper lobe 
of each eye moderately broad. Antennse reaching to the posterior 
third of the elytra ; first joint reaching to a little beyond the hind 
margin of the eye ; third and fourth not sharply edged in front 
and not produced at the apex, fifth to tenth produced in a 
short triangular tooth at the apex on the anterior side. Pro- 
notum sparsely punctured, the pimctures in the middle somewhat 
finer than those at the sides ; its hind angles obtuse. Elytra 
finely rugulose and sparsely but rather strongly punctured, with 
the interstices minutely punctulate. Hind breast covered with a 
tawny pubescence. Last ventral segment sinuate at the apex. 

Length (S -14 ; breadth 14| mm. 

Huh. Manipur (Dohertg). 

8. Lophosternus hugelii, Redtenh. (Cyrtognathus) Hiir/el's Kaschmir, 

iv, 2, p. 550, pi. 28, fig. 1 (1848). 

(S . Chestnut-red in colour, the head and prothorax some- 
what darker than the elytra, the front and hind margins of the 
pronotum almost black. Head strongly and closely punctured. 



12 CERAMBYCID^. 

Last joint of palpi gradually widened towards the extremity. 
Eyes large, the upper lobes rather closely approximated to 
the antenual tubers in front. Antenna) a little shorter than the 
body : first joint not reaching beyond the hind margin of the eye, 
third to tenth acutely produced at the apex on the anterior side, 
third with sharp anterior edge near \^hich it is finely and very 
closely punctnlate. Pronotum finely and closely punctured in 
front and for some distance back along each side of the middle 
line, more strongly punctured towards the sides ; its hind angles 
more or less obtuse, sometimes slightly projecting. Elvtra rugu- 
lose, the ridges finely punctured ; each with two or three feebly 
raised obtuse costfe. Hind breast covered with a tawny-coloured 
silky pubescence. Last ventral segment sinuate at the apex. 

2 . Antennae hardly reaching to the middle of tlie elytra, 
more slender than in the male, the joints, from the fifth only, 
acutely angulate at the apex. Hind breast bare of pubescence. 
Last ventral segment with rounded hind margin. Legs smooth 
underneath. 

Length J $ 29-53 mm. 

Uah. Kashmir ; N.W. Provinces ; Punjab ; Assam. 

9. LophostermiS falco, Thoms. (Cyitoguathus) Rev. et Mmj. Zool 

1877, p. 2m. 

(S . In colour and sculpture greatly resembles the same sex of 
L. Jivf/eli, Eedt. ; the chief points of difference are as follows : — 
Eyes slightly narrower, the upper lobes less closely approxi- 
mate in front to the anteunal tubers ; antennae a little longer, 
reaching almost to the apex of the elytra ; elyti-a i-elatively shorter, 
less strongly rugulose, their costse broader and more obtuse. 
(Female not known.) 

The author of this species, when describing it, compared it with 
C. paradoxus ; but the specimen in his collection labelled ixirado.vus 
is one of L. 7m_«yeZi, Kedt., and not the tvne 2^((radoxus of Falderman, 
which is a species from Mongolia in nowise closely related to it. 

Lenr/th c? 30-69 mm. 

Ha/j. Di^i'jeeling. 

10. Lopnostemus paipalis, sp. n. 

(S . Closely resembles the same sex of L. Jnir/eli, Eedt., but 
differs as follows : — Last joint of palpi more triangular in form, 
widest at the extremity ; eyes narrower, the upper lobe at a 
distance equal to about half its own width from the antennal 
tuber ; antenntc shorter, scarcely reaching to the posterior third 
of the elytra, the first joint reaching a little beyond the hind 
luargin of the eye ; hiud angles of the pronotum acute or sub- 
dentate. 

Length S 40 mm. 

Hah. Himalayas (in coll. Ohcrthiir). 



PARAPIIKUS. 13 

11. Lophosternus buqueti, Guei: Icon. Ecr/ne A7iim., Ins. i^ 209 {18U). 

d . Chestnut-red in colour, the head somewhat darker than 
the prothorax and elytra. Head closely and ratlier stroncfly 
punctured above ; last joint of palpi widest at about one-fourMi 
from the apex ; eyes very large, narrowly and not very deeply 
emarginate, the upper lobe extending forward to the anteii- 
niferous tuber. Antennae nearly as long as the body : first joint 
reaching by about one-fifth of its length beyond the hind margin 
of the eye, third almost rectangular at the apex, fourth acute at 
the apex, fifth to tenth produced each into a sharply angulate 
process at the apex. Pronotum closely punctured at the sides, 
sparsely elsewhere ; hind angles slightly projecting but scarcely 
acute. Elytra rather strongly punctured, the interstices rugu- 
lose and finely but not very closely piinctulate ; each with 
two obtuse and feebly raised costae. Hind breast covered \\-ith 
tawny pubescence. Last ventral segment with a feeble sinuate 
emargiuation at the apex. 

Lenr/th 26-38 ; breadth 9-13 mm. 

Hab. Sylhet and Khasi Hills in Assam ; Salween Valley and 
North Chin Hills in Burma ; Canara in S. India ; Java. 

12. Lophosternus similis, sp. u. 

c5" . A^ery like the same sex of L. buqueti, Grue'r., with which it 
agrees in colour, form and sculpture, but differs as follows : — 
Eyes smaller, more deeply emarginate in front, the upper 
lobe not continued forward quite to the aatenniferous tuber. 
Scape of antennae extending by nearly one-third of its length 
beyond the hind margin of the eye. 

Length c^ 34; breadth 11 mm. 

Hub. Ruby Mines district, Burma. 



Genus PARAPHRUS. 

Paraphrus, Thorns. Essai Class. Ceranib. p. 330 (1861). 
Cyrtognathus (part.), Lucord. Gen. Coleopt. viii, p. 51 (1869). 

Type, P. granulosus, Thorns. 

Range. N. India to Borneo. 

(S . Head and mandibles as in Lophosternus, but the anten- 
niferous tubers more approximated to each other in front, there 
separated only by a narrow linear groove. Antennseas long as or 
longer than the body, finely denticulate underneath, li-juinted, 
the third joint almost twice as long as the first or fourth, fifth 
to eleventh produced each into a sharply angular process at 
the apex on the anterior side. Prothorax strongly transverse, 
only slightly convex or almost flat above, armed on each side 
with three spines, the posterior spine much the shortest and the 
lateral edge in front of the anterior spine strongly oblique. Elytra 
less than twice as long as broad, rounded at the apex, sometimes 



14 CERAMBTCID.I. 

feebly dentate at the suture. Third joiut of the tarsi more or less 
deeply bilobed, the lobes rounded at the end. Other characters 
almost as in LophosU'rnus. 

$ . Antennae shorter than the body, more slender than in the 
S , and not denticulate underneath. Legs smooth. Abdomen 
rounded at the apex. 

13. Paraphrus granulosus, Thoms. (Cvrto2nathus) Essai Class. 
Ceramb. p. 329 (1861). 

6 . Bi'ick-red in colour, the head and antennae sometimes 
inclining to dark brow n ; prothorax and elytra almost entirely 
opaque. Head nitid and very sparsely punctured in front ; upper- 
side rugosely punctate and opaque. Antennae : tl;e first five 
or six joints more or less nitid above, somewhat asperate under- 
neath ; the fix'st three or four sparsely punctate and the last 
six or seven densely rugulose-punctate and opaque. Prouotum 
finely and very closely punctured over its whole area. Elytra 
somewhat rugulose, closely and very finely punctulate. Hind 
breast pubescent. Last ventral segment with an arcuate emargi- 
nation at the apex. Front and middle legs asperate uuderueath. 
Third joint of tarsi with its cleft extending three-fourths of the 
way to the base, and its lobes obtusely rounded at the end. 

Variation. In some small males the pronotum has two nitid or 
sub-nitid spaces near the middle and another, transverse, at the 
base, these spaces being much more finely and less closely punc- 
tured than the rest of tlie surface. 

2 . Form and colour of S • Antenna? shorter thau the body, 
more slender than in the male, and not denticulate or scabrous 
underneath. Legs smooth. Last ventral segment rounded at 
apex. Hind breast less densely pubescent. 

Length S $ 33-65; hreadth 11-25 mm. 

JJah. Mungphu in iSikhim (Atkinson Coll.) ; Burma : Thayetmyo, 
Moulmein, jNT. Chin Hills (Watson), Thaungyin Valley (Bingham), 
Kakhieu Hills (B. L. Stanton):, Siam. 



Genus PRIONUS. 
Prionus, Geoffrey, Hist. Ins. de Paris, i, p. 198 (1762). 

Type, P. coriarius, Linn. European. 

Range. Europe, Western and Northern Asia, Japan, and Xorth 
America. 

(5 . Head short, transverse, more or less concave in front ; 
mandibles stout, rather short, vertical, abruptly incurved and 
acute at the tip, with or without a tooth on the inner edge ; palpi 
moderately long, the labial somewhat shorter than the maxillary. 
Eyes rather large, reniform. Antenna) at least three-fourtlis the 
length of the body, with twelve or more joints ; first joint rather 
short, third the longest : the joints from the tiiird or fourth to the 



PRIONUS. 



15 



eleventh pectinate, or flabellate, and more or less imbricate. Pro- 
thorax strongly transverse, with from one to three teeth or spines 
on each side. Elytra of variable length, more or less parallel- 
sided, rounded at the apex, armed or not with a small spine 
or tooth at the suture. Legs stout and moderately long, laterally 
compressed ; tibite asperate ; first tarsal joint longer than the 
second, the third cleft to the middle or to within one-third from 
the base. Last ventral segment sinuate at the apex. 

5 . Antenna) shorter and not so thick as in the male, the 
last six or seven joints serrate. Abdomen often projecting beyond 
the tip of the elytra, its last ventral segment usually rounded 
at the apex. 

14. Prionus corpulentus, Bates, P. Z. S. 1878, p. 720, $ ; id. Scientific 
JResults Seco7id Yarkand Mission, Coleopt. p. 21, pi. i, fig. 18, $ 
(1890). 

S . Pitchy brown in colour. Head very closely and somewhat 
rugosely punctured. Eyes lai-ge, the lower lobes approxi- 
mated to the base of the mandibles in front ; the upper lobes 





Fig. 4:.— Prionus corpulodus, Bates. X 



not widely separated from each other above. Antennae a little 
longer than the body, l^-jointed, each of the joints from the 
third to the eleventh produced antero-distally into a ver}^ long 
process ; third joint twice as long as the first and about half as 
long again as the fourth, fourth to eleventh subequal in length, 
twelfth longer than the eleventh. Pronotum much broader than 



16 CERAMBYCID.i:. 

long, bispinose at each side, veiy closely, rugosely punctured, 
dull, but with two small slightly raised spaces uear the middle 
w hich are sparsely punctured and glossy. Elytra more than twice 
as long as broad, dull and somewhat coriaceous in appearance, 
finely rugulose and very minutely punctnlate. Thorax under- 
neath rather thickly covered with longish tawny hairs, shorter 
hairs of the same colour being less thickly spread on the tarsi and 
tibise ; abdomen \\ith very short, sparse!}- scattered hairs. Last 
ventral segment sinuate at the apex. 

2 . Antennae much shorter, joints third to eleventh serrate 
instead of Habellate. Elytra slightly expanded below the middle. 
Abdomen glabrous and more highly polished ; the last ventral 
segment with rounded hind inargin. 

Length 33-46 ; hrccuWi 11-17 mm. 

Hah. Murree ; Kashmir. 

15. Prionus elliotti, sp. n. 

6 . Black above ; antennte, legs and body underneath pitchy 
brown; tarsi reddish brown. Head closely punctured, impressed 
with a median groove, which is finer and less distinct behind. 
Antennae scarcely extending beyond the middle of the elytra, 
12-jointed, joints third to eleventh each with a long process pro- 
jecting obliquely in front from the apex ; third about one-third 
longer than the first and twice as long as the fourth, its process 
half as long as the joint itself ; fourth to eleventh subequal in 
length, the ramus of each much longer than the stem ; twelfth 
joint nearly twice as long as the eleventh. Prothorax closely 
punctured ; with two spines on each side — one short, at the 
anterior angle, the other long and slightly recurved just before 
the middle. El}tra less than twice as long as broad, densely 
rugulose and some^^■hat sparsely punctured. Breast thickly 
covered with long greyish hairs; the abdomen with some shorter 
sparsely scattered hairs. Eirst joint of front tarsus longer than 
the second, that of the hind tarsus almost as long as the second 
and third united ; third joint of hind tarsus cleft to the middle, 

Lem/th 33 ; hreadtli 13 mm. 

Hah. Baluchistan : near Quetta (C Elliott). 



Genus PRIONOMMA. 

Priouomma, White, Cat. Coleojit. B. 31., Loiujic. \, p. 19 (1853) : 
Lacord. Gen. CoUopt. viii, p. 58 (18G9). 

Type, P. atratum, Gmelin. 

Eange. That of the type species. 

(5 . Head short and broad ; the clypeus deeply depressed, 
bounded above by an arcuate groove ; antenniferous tubers flat, 
separated by a narrow but deep median groove, which is continued 
along the vertex between two prominent supraorbital carinas ; eyes 



PRIONOMMA. 



17 



large, reniform ; geiiae small, sharply ungulate below ; mandibles 
strongly incurved below, acute at tip, each with a strong sub- 
median tooth on the inner side. Antennae nearly as long as the 
body, 11-jointed; first joint short, obconieal, less than twice as 
long as broad, third to tenth rather broad, strongly serrate in 
front, dentate behind at the apex, each carinate above with an 
oblique poriferous face in front of the carina ; eleventh with a 
transverse carina and projecting tootli near the middle. Pronotum 
transverse, convex, armed on each side with two strong, sharp 
spines — one at the front angle, the other, longer and slightly 
recurved just before the middle, its hind angles slightly projecting 
and acute. Elytra less than twice as long as broad, rounded at 
the apex ; the lateral edge is slightly turned up and forms a narrow 
channel along each side. Prosternum prolonged almost liori- 
zontall}^ behind in a freely projecting, obtusely pointed process. 
Last ventral segment sinuate in middle at the apex. Legs rather 
long : tibia? canaliculate along each face close to the outer, or 
dorsal edge ; tarsi long and narrow, especially on the hind legs, 
A\"ith the third joint cleft to the middle, its lobes narrow. 

2 . Legs and antennae shorter and narrower, the latter less 
strongly serrate than those of the male. Last ventral segment 
rather long, narrowed behind, rounded at the apex. 



16. Prionomma atratum, Gmelin (^Prionus), Syst. Nat. (i) 4, p. 1818 

(1789). 
Prionus orientalis, Oliv. Ent. iv, no. (S(i, p. 28, pi. 13, fig. 51 (179o). 
Prionus tranquobaricus, Fah. Ent. Syst. Suppl. p. 141 (1798). 
Prionomma orientalis, Whife, Cat. Coleopt. B. M., Longic. i, p. 19, 

pi. 1, tig. 8 (18--,.3). 

S . Black or brownish black in 
colour. Head glossy, sparsely 
punctured. Antennge reaching to 
the apical third or fourth of t le 
elytra ; first joint nitid, sparsely 
punctured, third to ninth nitid 
above, except in the poriferous 
areas lying anterior to the dorsal 
carinse, third twice as long as the 
first and about half as long again 
as the fourth. Pronotum very 
glossy, almost imj)unctate in the 
niiddle, sparsely punctured near 
the sides. Elytra very feebly and 
j^ sparsely punctured, \\\\\\ little 
or no gloss. Hind breast covered 
with a rather long brownish- 
tawny pubescence. Tibia3 and the 
anterior four femora asperate at 
pj„ 5 their ventral edges. 

Prioiionum atratum, Gmelin, cS • ? • Legs and antennae shorter 

VOL. I. C 




18 



CEEAMBTCID^. 



aud narrower ; the legs not asperate. Elytra distinctly and rather 
closely punctured, more or less rugulose. Last ventral segment 
with rounded hind margin. The bind breast pubescent as in the 
male. 

Lemitli 25-38 mm. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Southern India. 



Genus ANCYLOPEOTUS. 



Ancyloprotus, White, Cat. Coleopt. B. M., 
Lacord. Gen. Coleopt, viii, p. 57 (1869). 



Lonrjic. i, p. 19 (18-53) 



Type, A. bigihbosus, White. 

Range. Assam, Manipur, Burma, and Java. 

Very closely related to Priouomma, the chief characters that 
distiuguish it are as follows : — Mandibles abruptly turned in below, 
with their lower border almost straight instead of curved ; left 
mandible expanded inwardly between the middle and the tip 




Fig. 6. — A»cylo2trotus biffibbosns, White, c?, and front view cif head. 

into a broad blade with a sharp and nearly straight edge. Anten- 
niferous tubers united in front, divided above by a groove which 
widens out behind info a broad channel lying between the eyes. 
Antenna; nnich narrower than in Priouomma and less stronglv 
serrate ; first joint subcylindrical, more than twice as long as 
broad, equal in length to the fourth joint. Pronotum with a 
hump on each side of the middle. Elytra twice as long as 
bi'oad. 



. LOG^US. 19 

17. Ancyloprotus bigibbosus, Wiitc, Cat. Coleopt. B. M., Longic. 
\, p. 19, pi. 1, fig-. 4 (1853). 

<S . Black or very dark brown in colour. Head sparsely punc- 
tured and subnitid in front, closely granulated and dull behind. 
Antennae a little shorter than the body ; first joint reaching to the 
hind margin of the eye, sparsely punctured and nitid ; third to 
fifth sparsely punctured and glossy along the middle above, dull 
on the poriferous areas along the edges ; last six joints almost 
entirely poriferous and opaque, marked with some line longitudinal 
or reticulated carina?. Pronotum sparsely punctured, with the 
interstices minutely punctulate or rugulose ; feebly, or not at 
all nitid, except on the two dorsal humps whicli are smooth 
and glossy. Elytra very finely rugulose or granulate, for the 
most part dull ; sparsely punctured and subnitid near the base. 
Hind breast covered with tawny pubescence. Last ventral seg- 
ment feebly sinuate at the apex. Tibiae of the first two pairs 
strongly and the femora less strongly asperate ; front tibiaj 
rather strongly curved. 

$ . Antennae reaching to the apical third of the elytra, much 
narrower than those of the male and less serrate. Dorsal humps 
of prothorax narrower and more glossy than in the male, the 
rest of the pronotum more opaque. Hind breast pubescent as in 
the male. Last ventral segment with rounded hind margin. 

Lemith 34-50; breadth 11-18 mm. 

Hah. Assam ; Manipur ; Burma. 

Genus LOGr.EUS. 
Loga3us, C. 0. Waterhouse, A. M. N. H. (o) vii, p. 4-58 (1881). 

Type, L. suhopacus, C. 0. Waterh. 

Range. Southern India. 

(S . Head with the antennal supports divergent, separated by a 
I'ather broad deep channel that extends from the clypeus on to the 
vertex ; clypeus depressed, limited above by an arcuate suture ; 
labrum transverse ; mandibles abruptly incui'ved towards apex, 
with broad inner tooth near apex of left mandible and triangular 
dilation at base of right ; labial palpi short, with last joint stout, 
ovate. Eyes emarginate, upper lobes not very widely separated 
from one another. Antennae as long as the body ; first joint 
stout, reaching a little past the eye, third thickened, somewhat 
prismatic in form, one-third longer than the first ; fourth one-third 
shorter than the thii'd ; fifth to tenth successively and gradually 
shorter, acutely angulate anteriorly at the apex ; eleventh nearly 
twice as long as the tenth, one-half of it consisting of a very distinct 
appendix. Prothorax transverse, with a strong laterally produced 
spine at the front angle ; a strong slightly recurved spine at the 
middle with a .smaller spine or tooth arising from its front edge 
near the base and a short tooth at the hind angle on each side ; 
notum feeblv convex, finely and denselv punctate and opaque, but 

C2 



20 



CEBAMBYCIDjE, 



with a basal band and spaces on the disk coarsely punctate and 
subn'tid. Elytra broadly rounded, slightly truncate at the apex ; 
epipleures distinct, strongly dilated at the base, the upper edge 
there directed being towards the shoulder. Legs moderately 
long ; front femora and tibiae densely but rather finely asperate ; 
all the tibiae canaliculate. Intercoxale of prosternum raised, 
sub-horizontal and parallel-sided behind, vertically deflexed at 
the end. 

2 . Antenna; much shorter than the body, smooth, nitid ; third 
joint not thickened. Pronotum more convex, nitid. coarsely and 
somewhat unevenly punctured, with two obtuse elevations on each 
side near the middle and three smaller elevations placed trans- 
versely near the base. 

18. Logseus subopacus, C. O. Waterhcmse, A. M. N. H. (5) vii, p. 4^58 
(18«1). 

d . Black, with the elytra, legs and abdomen pitch-brown. 
Head rugulose, punctate. First joint of antennae canaliculate 
above near the base and for nearly its whole length underneath ; 
third joint rather densely, the succeeding joints sparsely, 




Fig. 7. — Logans suhopacKS, Waterh., J $ • 

asperate underneath, poriferous spaces occupy almost all the 
surface except the dorsal faces of joints third to sixth. Pronotum 
with two angulated, coarsely punctured, subnitid spaces, widely 
separated from one another near the middle, these joined behind 



PRIOTYEANNUS. 21 

to the ends of a transverse basal band that is dilated to form an 
anterior angle in the middle : two additional less nitid spaces on 
each side placed obliquely one before, the other behind the middle ; 
rest of the snrface finely and very closely punctured and dull. 
Elytra minutely coriaceous, rather dull, finely and very sparsely 
punctured near the base, armed each with a very small apical 
spine afc the sutural angle. Metathorax and bind coxa? closely 
and rather finely punctured, densely covered with reddish-brown 
pubescence. Hind tarsi longer and narrower than the middle 
ones, these longer and narrower than the front ones ; third joint 
cleft halfway in the hind tarsi, and more than halfuay to the base 
in the front and middle tarsi. Last ventral segment broadly 
sinuate at the apex. 

$ . More of a reddish-brown colour, especially on the elytra 
and antennae. Antennae smooth, nitid ; the third joint sparsely 
punctured, the succeeding joints almost impunctate. Elytra 
subnitid. Metathorax and hind coxce punctured almost as in the 
male, but less densely pubescent. Palpi like those of the male, 
with the last joint of the labial as strongly thickened. Last ventral 
segment rounded at apex. 

Lenr/fh 44-54; hreadtli 15-20 mm. 

Hah. Travancore ; Xilgiri Hills. 

Genus PRIOTYRANNUS. 

Priotyranuus, Thorns. Archiv. Ent. i, p. 120 (1857). 

Type, P. mordax. White. 

Hange. Southern India. 

d . Head large, broadly concave between the antenniferous 
tubercles ; clypeus bounded behind by an arcuate groove ; eyes 
deeply emarginate, with the upper lobes rather narrow ; mandibles- 
dimorphic, either (1) long and sickle-shaped with a wide cordate 
space between them when closed, armed each with one large 
and a few smaller teeth close to the tip, or (2) like those of 
the female. Antennae longer than the body, 11-jointed; first 
joint stout, subcylindrical, nearly twice as long as broad, thii-d and 
succeeding joints finely punctulate and opaque, fifth to tenth 
furnished each with a small tooth at the apex. Pronotum strongly 
transverse, with three spines on each side, the first near the front 
angle, the second and longest at the middle, the third at the hind 
angle ; anterior margin rounded in the middle, sinuate at each 
side, projecting forward in a small spine or tooth at the point 
where it joins the lateral edge. Elytra much less than twice as 
long as broad, rounded at the apex. Presternum very short and 
strongly sloping in front of the coxte, the intercoxale rather strongly 
arched. Legs long; femora compressed, somewhat parallel-sided; 
tarsi long, with the first joint longer and narrower than the 
second or third, the third deeply bilobed, the claw-joint as long 
as the first two together. Last ventral segment sinuate at the 
apex. 



22, 



CEEAMBICIDJE. 



2 . Aiitennce uitid, shorter thau tlie body. Mandibles toothed 
aloug the inner edge, touching or overlapping along their wholn 
length when closed. Last Aentral segment \\ith rounded hiud 
martrin. 



19, Priotyrannns mordax, White (Piionus), Cat. Coleopt. B. M., 
Lomjic. i, p. 18 (1853) ; Thorns. (Priotvraunus) Arcliiv. Ent. \, 
p. ]*21, pi. 10, fig. 1 6 (1867). 

S . Dark brown in colour, for the greater part dull. Head 

strongly, rugosely punctured; mandibles oblique, closely punctured. 

Antennte with the first joint sub- 
nitid, thickly and rather strongly 
punctured ; the third and following 
joints very minutely granidate, 
entirely opaque, each with a 
cariniform anterior edge and most 
of them furnished also with a 
number of very fine, longitudinal 
carinae above ; third joint a little 
longer than the first and about 
one-third longer than the fourth. 
Pronotum coarsely punctured all 
over like the head. Scutellum 
rugosely punctured. Elytra very 
finely and closely granulated and 
d\i\], except near the base ; the 
base coarsely punctured and some- 
what shiny near the suture, also 
at and around tlie shoulder. 
Hiud breast pubescent. 

2 . Antenna? shorter than the 
body, with the third and a few of 

the following joints shiny above. Last ventral segment rounded 

at the apex. 

A-^ar. rufescens. Elytra fulvous-red in colour, rugosely punctured, 

somewhat shiny across the whole of the basal area. 
Length 22-44 ; hreadth 8-17 mm. 
Hah. Nilgiri and Anaimalai Hills ; Canara, Tra\ ancore ; Bombay. 




Fig. 8. 
Prioiyrannus morda.v. V\ hite. ($ . 



Group ACANTHOPHOIUSI. 

This group Mas formed by Lacordaire for three very closely 
related genera, only one of which is included in the pi*esent fauna, 
the other two are restricted in their range to the African region. 
Lameere regards all three as constituting but a single genus, which 
he places in the group Prionini. Erom the genera of that group, 
Acanthoj)horus differs as follows : — Tlie first joint of tlie antennae 
relatively very short and thick, the labrum triangular and the 



ACAXTHOPnOUUS. 23 

mandibles projecting forwards almost horizontally in both sexes. 
The clypeus not coriaceous in front, but the suture between it 
and tlie labrum distinct. The legs are smooth, and the third 
tarsal joint is completely bilobed. The wing-venation in Acantho- 
'phorus resembles that of Dorj/stJieiies and most Prionince, but in 
Tithoes, its Afri(;an representative, there is a cross-vein uniting 
vein Cu.2 with Cu.l. 



Genus ACANTHOPHORUS. 

Acauthophorus, Sercille, Ann. Sue. Ent. Fr. i, p. 152 (1832) ; Lacord. 
Gen. CoUopt \\n, p. 69 (18(59). 

Type, A. sen-aticomis, Oliv. 

Range. India, Southern Arabia, East and South Africa. 

S . Head short, broad, oblique in front ; clypeus depressed in 
the middle, slightly raised at the sides, bounded behind by an 
arcuate groove ; the interocular space above it bounded on each 
side by a more or less prominent supra-orbital ridge ; antenniferous 
tubercles widely separated : mandibles long, directed forwards, 
carinate above, and either (1) curved almost from the base leaving 
a narrow space between them in the middle when closed, or 
(2) straight at the base, and incurved from the middle to the tip ; 
in the first case armed each with three or four teeth beyond the 
middle, in the second with a series of teeth along the inner edge. 
Antennte shorter than the body, 11- or 12-jointed ; first joint 
stout, scarcely longer than broad ; third three times as long as 
the first ; the fifth and following joints, except the last, more or 
less strongly toothed at the apex on the anterior side. Pronotum 
strongly transverse, with three spines on each side, the second the 
longest and placed a little before the middle. Elytra twice as 
long as broad, rounded at the apex. Iiitercoxale of prosternum 
nearly horizontal behind, narrowed towards tlie end, where it 
I'ests on the mesosterQum. Last ventral segment sinuate at the 
iipex. Legs moderately long ; femora stout, widest at or before 
the middle; tarsi i-ather broad, with the third joint deeply bilobed ; 
first johit of the front tarsus scarcely longer than the second, 
that of the hind tarsus nearly as long as the second and third 
united. 

$ . Mandibles shorter than those of the male and always 
of the second male form. Antennae scarcely reaching beyond 
the middle of the elytra. Last ventral segment rounded at 
the apex, 

20. Acanthophonis serraticornis, OUc (Prlonus) Ent. iv, no. 66, 
p. ]4, pi. !), tig-. .33 (1795) ; Serville (Acanthophorus), Ann. Soc. 
Ent. Fr. 1, p. 153 (1832), 

S . Reddish tawny in colour, \\ith the head, the basal half of 
the antenn;o and the pronotum black or brownish-black. Head 



24 



CERAMBYCID-i:. 



nitid and sparsely punctured in front and between the supra- 
orbital carinse, very closely punctate or granulate and opaque 

behind ; eyes large, not very 
widely separated above, the 
space bet\A'een them rather 
less than a third of the 
whole width of the head ; 
ma7idibles variable in size and 
form. In large specimens 
they are louger than the head, 
divergent from the base to 
middle and thence gradually 
incurved to the tip, each 
armed with two or three 
strong teeth on the inner 
side between the middle and 
the tip ; in small males thej' 
are similar in size and form 
to those of the females. 
Antennae 12-jointed, with 
the joints from the fifth to 
the eleventh produced each 
into a strong dentiform pro- 
cess at the apex. Prouotum 
unevenly convex, sparsely 
punctured and glossy in the 
middle, closely punctured 
and more or less pubescent 
near the sides ; front and 
hind margins fringed with 
tawny hairs. Elytra for the 
most part coriaceous and dull, but sparsely punctured and glossy 
near the base ; each with a very closely punctured basal spot. 
Breast pubescent. 

5 . Mandibles not so long, straight from the base to the middle 
or thereabouts, incurved at the end, armed with several teeth 
along the inner edge. Antenna? shorter ; last ventral segment 
longer and rounded at the apex. 
Lenrjth 53-92 ; breadth 17-28 mm. 
Hah. Madras ; Mysore ; Trivandrum. 

21. Acanthophorus riigiceps, Gahan, A. M. N, H. (6) xiv, p. 223 

(181)4). 

(S . Brownish-black in colour. Head large, strongly rugose 
except along the middle ; eyes widely separated above, the space 
between them more than half of the Avhole width of the head 
and not impressed \vitl\ a distinct median groove ; the supra- 
orbital ridges prominent, continued back a short distance beyond 
the eyes ; mandibles long and curved, armed each with three 
or foiir teeth on the inner side between the middle and tip. 




Fig. 9. 
Acanthophorus serraticornis, Oliv., (^ . 



ACANTHOPHORUS. 25 

Antennae 11 -jointed, with a rather short dentiform process at 
the apex of each of the joints from the sixtJi to the tenth. 
Pronot um densely punctured, except in the middle, rugose towards 
the sides. Elytra nitid, slightly rugulose, somewhat coriaceous 
in appearance, very feebly and sparsely punctured, but with a 
closely punctured spot on each near the base. (Female unknown.) 

LeiKjth GO ; breadth 20 nan. 

Hah. Bombay (?). 



22. Acanthophorus modicus, Gahan, A. M. N. II. (6) xiv, p. i^22 

(1894). 

(5 . Brownish-black in colour. Head of moderate size, nitid, 
almost impunctate in front and upwards along the middle ; 
somewhat rugosely punctured in a slightly depressed area behind 
each eye ; the supra-orbital ridges feebly raised and not continued 
back beyond the hind margin of the ej'es ; the interocular space 
rather less than half of the whole width of the head, impressed 
with a distinct median groove which is continued downwards to 
the clypeus. Mandibles porrect from the base to the middle, 
iucursed towards the end, armed with several teeth on the inner 
edge. Antennae with the joints from the sixth to the tenth rather 
feebly toothed at the apex. Pronotum nitid, scarcely punctured 
in the middle, densely and somewhat rugosely punctured towards 
the sides, with t^Ao widely separated, slightly raised swellings on 
the disk. Elytra nitid, feebly and sparsely punctured. Breast 
pubescent. (Female unknown.) 

Length 45 ; breadth 15 mm. 

Hab. Lahore in the Punjab. 



Group GANTHAUOCNEMINI. 

Eyes feebly emarginate or almost entire. Antennae short, 
sometimes (genus Cantharocneniis) extending but little or not at 
all bevond the base of the prothorax. Lateral margins of pro- 
thorax distinct, with a projecting angle or tooth between the 
middle and the base. Tibite rather strongly dilated at the end, 
with the outer angle prominent or dentiform ; the outer edges 
dentate ; the terminal spurs broad and flat. Wing-venation of 
the usual Prionine type. 

There is a difference of opinion in regard to the affinities of 
this group. Lacordaire, attaching undue importance to the 
unusual form of the tibiae, placed it among his groups of aberrant 
Prionides and not in the normal series. Lameere, on the other 
hand, associates the Caiitharocnejniui with the Spondylini, con- 
sidering the affinities between the two to be very close. With 
this view I am unable to agree. In the SpondyUni the prothorax 
is not marginate at the sides, and the wing-venation is tliat of the 
less specialised Cerambycince and most Lepturina'. The SpondyUni 



26 CERAMBYCID.i;. 

are undoubtedly, as M. Lanieere maintains, a primitive group, but 
have not, in my opinion, any direct or close relationship with the 
Oantharocnemini. The latter I consider to be somewhat second- 
arily modified forms of true Prionince, and as such I place them 
here. The group is almost entirely confined to the African region, 
the only species known to occur outside Africa being a very rare 
one found near Bombay and also in Ceylon. 

Genus CANTHAROCNEMIS. 

Cantharocncims, Serville, Ann. Soc.Ent. Fr. i, p. 132 (1832) ; Lucord. 
Gen. CoUopt. viii, p. 32 (1869). 

Type, C spondyloides, Serv., an African species. 

Range. Bombay, Ceylon and Africa. 

In form rather short and robust. Head broad, with the front 
very short and obliquely sloped, the clypeus transversely depressed, 
the eyes transverse, scarcely emarginate in front ; mandibles 
strong, sometimes falciform and emarginate at the apex in 
the male. Antennse robust, variable in length, but generally 
much shorter than the body in both sexes, 11-jointed ; first joint 
thick, rather short, slightly curved, thickened towards the end ; 
joints third to tenth subequal, angulate at the apex, eleventh 
longer than the tenth. Prothorax transverse, its lateral edges 
project in an angle at a greater or less distance from the base 
and converge thence more or less gradually towards the a])ex. 
Elytra rather short, convex, rounded at the apex, broader in front 
than the base of the prothorax. Legs stout, somewhat compressed ; 
femora a little broader in the middle ; tibiae enlai-ged at tlie distal 
end, with very prominent dentiform outer angle, especially in the 
anterior two pairs, the external margin of each armed with a 
variable number of teeth ; tarsi moderately long, with the first 
joint rather narrow, glabrous underneath at the base and along 
the middle, third biiobed but with the lobes very short in some 
of the species. Intercoxal part of prosternum strongly iirehed 
in front, sloped posteriorly with its end resting in a depression of 
the mesosternum ; mesosternal process narrow. 

This genus of Prlonincn may be readily distinguished from all 
others occurring in the Indian region by the exceptional form of 
the tibiae, which, with their prominent dentiform outer angle and 
toothed external border, somewhat resemble those of the Lncanidce. 
Apart, however, from this character and the tendency to a great 
abbreviation of the antennae, the genus conforms with the normal 
Prionid type and there appears to be no good reason for 
regarding it as a particularly aberrant member of the family. 

:23. Cantharocnemis downesi, Pasc Trans. Eat. Soc. (2) iv, p. 236 
(1858). 

Reddish brown, varying to a some\\-liat darker tint. Head 
sparingly punctured on the vertex, closely and rugosely on the 



CANTIIABOCNEMIS. 



27 



clypeus, sides and the lower part of the anteunal supports; vertex 
marked with an impressed line which widens out into a channel 
in front between the eyes and antennal supports ; clypeus limited 
above by two oblique or somewhat arcuate lines that converge 
towards the channel between the depressed transversely directed 
antennal supports ; mandibles of male falciform, with tooth at 
base and an emargination forming two teeth at the apex, the 

upper border carinate, those of the 
female very much shorter, straight 
or but slightly diverging from the 
base and incurved towards the tip, 
the inner edge of each with one or 
two feeble teeth. Antenuce of 5 
scarcely reach beyond the base of 
the prothorax ; those of the J are 
longer and stronger ; pints third 
to tenth angulated in front at the 
apex, more acutely so in the c? 
than in the 2 , rather sparingly 
punctured behind, closely and 
rugosely punctured in front. Pro- 
thorax transverse, the lateral edges 
projecting in an angle at about 
one-third of their length from 
the base ; disk convex with a 
slight depression in the middle, 
sparingly punctured and glossy 
over the whole of the middle ai-ea, closely rugose-punctate towards 
the sides. Elytra much less than twice as long as their width 
across the base, obtusely rounded at the apex, irregularly rugose 
and punctate in the $ , smoother and less punctate in the c? , 
ea-ih with two feebly-raised dorsal lines. Tibi^ of the anterior two 
pairs rather sparingly punctured in front, closely behind, those of 
the hind pair densely and coarsely punctured on both sides ; third 
joint of tarsi completely bilobed. Hind breast sparsely clothed 
with lougish tawny hairs ; abdomen finely and rather closely 
punctate ; last ventral segment of $ rounded behind and fringed 
with tawny setse. 

Length (S 38, $ 25; hreadili (^ 10, 5 11 mm. 
Hab. Bombay ( d type) and Ceylon ( 5 ). 




Fig. 10. 
Cantharociiciiug dow/iesi, Pasc, S . 



Group EURYPODINI. 

Eyes eraarginate. Ligula entire. First anteunal joint short, 
the third long. Lateral margins of prothorax entire, or some- 
times {Neoprion) with an angle or tooth near the middle. Inter- 
coxal process of the prosteruum in the form of a rather thin 
horizontal plate. Legs smooth. A sexual difference in the 
puncturation of the prothorax as well as in the length of the 
autennoe and mandibles. 



28 CEEAMBTCIDy^:. 

This group, which, under another name, is Lacordaire's group 
Zarucides, includes only two genera — Eurypoda and Neopi^ion ; the 
latter is regarded by JM. Laineere as merely a subgenus. One 
species only occurs within our faunistic area, the others are found 
in China, Japan, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo. The 
group has no close relationship with any of the other groups 
included in our fauna. 



Genus NEOPRION. 

Neoprion, Lncovd. Gen. CoUopt. viii, p. 131 (1869). 
Enrvpoda {S'annd.) subyen. Neoprion (Lac), Lameere, Ann, Soc, 
Ent. Bdg. xlviii, p. 9 (1904). 

Type, X. parandrcpformis, Lacord. 

Range. Andaman Is. and Malay Peninsula. 

Dorso-ventrally compressed. Head with the clypeus thickened 
at its lower margin, triangularly depressed behind, limited above 
by two oblique lines, from the junction of which a rather deep 
impressed line or groove passes backwards on to the vertex ; man- 
dibles shorter than the head, stout, nearly horizontal, incurved 
and sharply pointed at the apex, carinate above, armed with a 
tooth on inner edge ; eyes emarginate ; antennal supports 
flattened, on a level with the thickened front border of the clypeus. 
Anteunte reach to a little beyond the middle of the elytra in the 
(5 , not so far as to the middle in the $ ; first joint stout and 
very short ; third more than three times as long as the first, and 
a little longer than the fourth and fifth united ; fourth to eleventh 
subequal in length, each with two narrow elongate poriferous 
fossa3 on the anterior side, similar but much shorter fossae being 
present near the apex of the third. Pronotum of the S as broad 
as the elytra, with its sides nearly parallel froui the slightly pro- 
jecting front angles up to the lateral angles placed a little behind 
the middle, thence converging obliquely to the base ; the front 
margin somewhat bowed backwards in the middle ; the base 
rounded in the middle, sinuate towards the sides ; disk feebly 
convex, with a large, sparsely punctate, smooth area, roughly 
octagonal in shape, over the whole of the central part, the spaces 
between this and the lateral edges are very finely and closely 
punctate and opaque ; pronotum of $ with its sides some« hat 
convergent in front from the prominent lateral angles, strongly 
punctured near the sides. Elytra somewhat flattened above, 
broadly rounded at the apex, tlie sides narrow, nearl}* A'ertical, 
with an obtuse costa running between each and the disk. Epi- 
sterna of metathorax nearly parallel-sided, narrowed a little near 
the apex, which is straightly truncate. Legs rather short ; femora 
flattened fusiform ; the hind pair extended but little beyond the 
second abdominal segment ; tarsi relatively short, with the first 
joint scarcely longer than the second. 



NEOPKIOX, 



29 



24. Neopriou paraudraeformis, Lacord. Gen. CoUopt. viii, p. 132 
(1869) ; Lameere (Earvpoda), Ann. Soc. Ent. lielg. xlviii, p. 10 
(1904). 

Chestiiut-red in colour, Mith the upper surface, except towards 
the sides of the prouotum, very glossy ; antennae blackish, 
sparsely and rather finely punctate. Head 
sparsely punctured, the punctures becoming 
closer and rougher behind the eyes. Pro- 
sternum, the sides of the prouotum and 
the episterna of the mesothorax very finely 
and closely punctured in the S ; the sides 
of the prouotum in the 5 strongly punc- 
tured and slightly opaque ; the pro- 
sternum nearly smooth. Elytra more 
or less thickly and distinctly punctured, 
each with a rather broad but shallow 
longitudinal depression ou the posterior 
half, close to the lateral costa. Femora 
smooth, tibiae slightly punctate. 

Length 24-34 mm. 

Hah. Andaman Islands ; Malacca. 




Fig. 11. — Xeoprion paran 
drcpformis, Lacord., ^ . 



Group MACROTOMim. 

Eyes entire, or but feebly sinuate in front. Ligula entire. 
Prothorax crenulate, denticulate, or spinulose along each side. 
First antennal joint long, or modei-ately long, never very short. 
Intercoxal process of presternum more or less flat and hori- 
zontal. Legs more or less spiny. A sexual difference in the 
punctui'ation of the thorax genei'ally present and often very 
strongly marked. 

In this group I include two of Lacordaire's groups — the Rem- 
^jhamdes and Macrotomides ; the first is distinguished as follows : — 
The third antennal joint not longer than the first, the prothoracic 
lateral margins distant from the prosterual sutures and the epi- 
pleures of the elytra strongly widened out near the base ; in 
the true 2Iacrotomkles the third antennal joint is aluays lono-er, 
generally very much longer, than the first, the prothoracic margins 
are not very distant from the prosterual sutures and the elytral 
epipleures are little widened near the base. 



Synopsis of Genera. 

A. Third antemial joint not longer than the first. 

a. First joint of front tarsus scarcely longer 

than the second Rhaphipodus, p. 30. 

b. First joint of front tarsus much longer 

than the second Rejiphan, p. 33. 



30 CEEAMBYClD.f:, 

B. Third auteunal joint inucli longer tliai: the 
first. 

a. Hind angles of prothorax not directed 

backwards ^Iacrotoma, p. 35. 

b. Hind angles cf prothorax directed back- 

wards ZOOBLAX, p. 38. 

Genus RHAPHIPODUS. 

Rhaphipodus, Serville, Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. i, p. 168 (1832); Lacord. 
Gen. CoUopt. viii, p. 106 (1869). 

Type, It. sutumJis, 8erv., a species from Java. 

jRcnuje. India and Ceylon, Andamans, Java, Sumatra, Borneo 
and Philippine Islands. 

S . Head not broader than long, impressed with a median 
groove ; clypeus slightly depressed, flat, emarginate in front, 
bounded behind by two oblique or shghtly curved grooves that 
diverge from the end of the median groove ; eyes rather large, very 
slightly emarginate in front ; mandibles vertical, stout, relatively 
short, convex in front, each armed with one or two strong teeth 
on the inner side. Antennae shorter than the body, 11-jointed ; 
first joint longer and much thicker than the third ; third longer 
and thicker than the foui'th ; fourth to tenth subequal in length. 
Pronotum transverse, somewhat unevenly convex, denticulate or 
spinose along each side ; the upper surface for the most part very 
closely punctulate and dull, but Avith t« o or more sparsely punc- 
tulate, nitid or subnitid spaces near the middle and a narrow 
tranverse strip of the same kind near the base. Scutellum very 
closely punctulate. Elytra twice as long as broad or longer, rounded 
or subtruncate at the apex. Body beneath very closely punc- 
tulate, more or less dull, but with a median triangular area 
of the metasternum, and the hind borders of the first four 
abdominal segments nitid, sparsely or not at all punctulate. 
Intercoxale of the prosternum horizontal behind, obtusely pointed 
at the apex. Last ventral segment truncate or slightly sinuate at 
the apex. Legs long and rather thick ; femora parallel-sided, 
denticulate or spinose along their ventral edges : tibia" compressed, 
more or less spinose along the edges ; tarsi broad, with the first 
joint of the front tarsus scarcely longer than the second, that of 
the hind tarsus not so long as the second and third united. 

2 . Antennfe shorter ; pronotum with its sides converging more 
in front, and more strongly denticulate or spinose, its disk sparsely 
punctulate and more or less shiny all over, not exhibiting definite 
smooth spaces; body beneath less closely punctulate and more 
glossy than in the male. 

25. Rhaphipodus taprobanicus, Gahan, A. M. N. H. (0; t, p. 49 

(IcSyU) ; Dnnecre, M,m. Soc. Ent. Behj. xi, p. 73 (1903). 

S. Head, pronotum, antenna? and legs dark brown. Elytra 
and underside reddish brown in colour. Antenna) reach to the 



miAPHiroDus. 



31 



apical third or fourth of the elytra; first joint ahout one-fourth 
longer than the third, subasperate in front, punctured above ; 
third joint about one-third longer than the fourth, sparsely punc- 
tured and nitid above ; fifth to ninth striated to a greater or less 
extent in front, partly also above ; the last two joints longi- 
tudinallv striated and dull all over. Pronotum with two large 




Fig. 12. — Rhr/jjh/podiis faprofiaiiicus, Galian, cJ. 



sparsely punctured shiny spaces near the middle, a smaller, sub- 
nitid, strongly punctured spot external to each of these and a 
sparsely punctured, narrow, transverse band near the base ; its 
sides denticulate, for the most part sub-parallel, but rounded 
off to^^•ards the front margin, projecting and strongly toothed 
near the base. Elyti^a sl}iny at the base and for some distance 
back alongside of the suture, the rest of their surface very 
minutely granulate and more or less dull. Femora and tibiae of 



32 CERAMBYCID.E. 

tlie fore legs asperate, especially iu front, the tarsi dilated, 
with the first three joints densely fringed with taMiiy hairs at 
each side. 

2 . Antennae not extended to the middle of the elytra. Pro- 
notuLQ finely and sparsely punctulate and shiny in the middle, 
strongly and thickly punctured towards the sides ; its lateral edges 
more strongly toothed than in the male. 

Length 48-60 mm. 

Nah. Ceylon. 

'2i'). RhapMpodus subopacus, Gahan, A. M. N. H. (6) v, p. 48 
(1S90) ; Lameere, Man. Soc. Ent. Belg. xi, p. 73 (1903). 

S • Head, prothorax and legs nearly black ; elytra and body 
beneath dark brown, tarsi reddish bro\^n. Antennje reach a 
little beyond the middle of the elytra ; first joint stout, dorso- 
ventrally compressed and somewhat concave uuderneatli, strongly 
punctured, more densely so towards the front edge, as long as 
the second, third, and fourth joints united ; third a little thicker 
and longer than the fourtli. Pronotum with two very sparsely 
punctate shiny spaces near the middle, a small nitid spot external 
to each of these and a narrow, transverse, nitid band close to the 
basal margin ; its sides nearly parallel for two-thirds of their 
length, thence converge strongly to the base, each armed with a 
series of small spines, the longest of which, slightly recurved, is 
placed where the pronotum begins to contract towards the base, 
this is followed behind by two or three very short spines. Elytra 
sparsely punctured and glossy at the base, especially near the 
scutellum and for a short distance along the sutiu-e, the rest of 
the surface very finely and closely granulate and dull. First 
joint of front tarsus slightly longer than the second joint : first 
joint of hind tarsus a little shorter than the next two united. 
Last abdominal segment truncate at the apex. 

5 . Antennae not extended beyond the middle of the elytra. 
Pronotum sparsely punctured, somewhat glossy in the middle, 
more thickly punctured and opaque towards the sides, marked 
\\'\%\\ a feeble median impression and \\'\\X\ two large, feebly 
raised swellings on the disk which are more sparsely punctured 
than the surrounding parts. Last abdominal segment rounded at 
the apex. 

Length 37-55 ; breadth 14-20 mm. 

Ifab. Nilgiri and Anaimalai Hills. 

In my original description of this species the type described 
■was erroneously stated to be a female. It is, however, a small 
male. 

27. Rhaphipodus gahani, Lameere, Mem. Soc. Ent. Belg. xi, p. 72 

(1903). 

6 . Head, pronotum, body beneath, and legs black ; elytra 
•dark chestnut-brown, glossy. Antennse extended to about the 



EEMPHAN. 33 

middle of the elytra ; first joint sparsely punctured, almost as lono- 
as the next three joints united, the third thicker but very little 
longer tlian tlie fourth. Pronotum widest at about one-third of 
its length from the base, thence narrowed gradually in front and 
more strongly behind; its edges armed with a series of small 
spines, one of which at the lateral angle is recurved ; upper sur- 
face with fonr ill-defined, sparsely punctured, shiny spaces across 
the middle and a narrow transverse one near the base, the 
last turned obliquely forwards at each end. Elytra glossy 
over almost the whole surface. Tarsi long and narrow; first 
joint of hind tarsus longer than the other joints united. (Female 
not known.) 

Lenr/th 47-50 ; breadth 15| mm. 

ffaf). Northern India (coll A. Fry); Darjeeling (type in Ham- 
burg Museum). 

The above description is based upon an example from the late 
Mr. Fry's collection. The type specimen is described by 
M. Lameere as entirely of a pitch-black colour. 

28. Rhaphipodus andamanicus, Gahan, A. M. N. H. (6) xiv, p 224 
(1894). ^' 

S . Eeddish brown in colour, with the head, antennae and legs 
more or less dark brown. Antennae reach to the beginning of 
the posterior fourth of the elytra or a little beyond ; third joint 
longer than the first and a little longer than the fourth and fifth 
united. Pronotum with a series of rather strong spines on each 
side ; its sides distinctly converge in front, each forms with 
the front margin a somewhat acute and slightly projecting angle ; 
upper surface with two large triangulai spaces near the middle, 
a small space external to each of these and a nari-ow transverse 
band near the base, sparsely punctured and more or less shiny. 
Elytra somewhat smooth and glossy around the scutellum and for 
some distance along the suture, very minutely granulated, only 
shghtly glossy over the rest of their surface. 

_ 2 . Pronotum with two slight swellings on each side of the 
middle ; sparsely punctured and subnilid over the whole central 
area, more thickly punctured and less nitid towards the sides. 
Antenna? reaching to the middle of the elytra. 

Length 49-67 mm. 

Hah. Andaman Islands. 

Genus EEMPHAN. 

Remphan, Waterhouse, Trans. Ent. Soc. i, p. 67 (1836) ; Lacord 
Gen. Colcopt. viii, p. 107 (1869). 

Type, li. 7i02>ei, Waterh. 
liam/e. That of the type species. 

Closely allied to lihaphix^odus, Serv., but differs from that 
genus by the following characters :— First and third joints of 

A OL, I. J) 



;34 CERAMBYCID.?'. 

the antennae with a few short spines behind ; first joint equal iu 
length to the third. Front angles ol: the pronotum project 
forward rather strongly. First joint of front tarsus as long as 
the second and third united. 

29. Remphan hopei, Waterh. Traiis. Ent. Soc. i,p. 67, pi. 8, fig. 1 (1836). 
Macrotoma alteni, JS'o7ifr. Berl. ent. Zeit. xxxvi, p. 376 (1891). 

Extremely variable in regard to size, and varies in colour from 
reddish brown to dark brown, but with the elvti-a always of a 
much lighter tint — either reddish brown or tan-coloured. 

(5. Head very finely granulate and opaque, nnpressed with a 
median groove that extends from the clypeus upwards between the 
antenual tubers and the eyes, and thence is continued along the 
vertex as a very fioe linear groove or carina. Prothorax with its 
sides slightly converging in front up to the base of the anterior 
projections, furnished each with a series of short spines ; notum 
very closely punctulate and opaque, but marked with certain well- 
defined shining areas which are slightly raised and sparsely 
punctate ; two of these near the middle are triangular in form 
and conjoined at their inner angles, a third, narrow and transverse, 
placed just in front of the base and two much smaller areas near 
each side, the inner one irregular in form, the outer forming a 
narrow oblique ridge ; a median polished line runs from the 
basal band up to the junction of the two triangular areas and 
for a short distance beyond. Scutellum closely punctulate and 
opaque. Elytra about twice as long as their conjoint width ; these 
present a finely granular and dull appearance except around the 
base and for a' short distance backwards along the suture. Body 
very finely and closely punctulate beneath, except on a median 
triangular area of the metasternum, on a transverse strip at 
the hind border of each of the first four abdominal segments and 
on the middle of the fifth segment, these parts being glossy. 
Femora and tibite spinulose along their dorsal and ventral faces, 
the front femora asperate or rugulose on their front and hind 
faces. Last ventral segment with rounded hind border fringed 
with tawny hairs. 

5 . Antennae not reaching beyond the middle of the elytra. 
Prothorax with its sides somewhat more strongly convergent in 
front and more strongly spined ; notum more irregularly and 
much less closely punctulate, the punctures coarser towards the 
sides and the slightly raised shining spaces, corresponding \Aith 
those of the male, ill-defined. Body beneath less closely and 
evenly punctulate, the glossy area of the metasternum less well- 
defined ; abdomen more or less glossy except near the sides ; last 
ventral segment with a sinuate notch in the middle of liind 
margin. Legs shorter and more slender ; front femora spinulose 
as in the male, but not asperate. 
Length 40-9G ; breadth 12- 130 mm. 

Hah. India (?); Andaman Islands : Pegu ; Mergui Archipelago; 
Siam ; Penang ; Singapore ; and Borneo. 



MACROTOMA. 35 



Genus MACROTOMA. 



3Iacrotoma, Servilk, Ann. Soc. Unt. Fr. i, -p. 1'37 (1832); Lacord. 

Gen. Coleopt. viii, p. 97 (18G9). 
Prinobius, Mulsant, Ann. Soc. d'Af/n'c. Lyon, v, p. 207 (1842). 

Type, M. serripes (Fab.), Serv., a West-African species. 

Ranrje. African and Oriental Kegions, and Mediterranean Sub- 
region, 

S . Head somewhat elongated behind the eyes ; clypeus de- 
pressed, limited above by an arcuate impression ; anteuniferous 
tubers not distant from each other, the narrow concave space 
between them impressed w ith a median groove ; eyes not deeply 
emai-giuate in front ; mandibles vertical or oblique, straight at 
base, incurved at tip, each with one or two teeth on inner edge. 
Antennae either longer or shorter than the body, usually asperate or 
denticulate near the base, 11-jointed ; first joint stout, somewhat 
compressed, third elongated and thickened, at least as long as the 
two succeeding joints united. Pronotum leather strongly deflexed 
at the sides, especially just before the middle, with its lateral 
edges brought close to the outer angles of the acetabula and to the 
prosternal sutures. Each edge armed with a series of short spines 
or teeth. Elytra much more than twice as long as their width 
across the base, rounded at the apex, usually dentate at the 
suture. Legs rather long, more or less spinose beneath ; tarsi 
long, with the first joint narrow and much longer than the second. 
Intercoxal process of presternum not strongly raised, flattened 
and horizontal behind. 

2 . Antennae shorter, with the first and third joints much less 
thickened and not asperate ; lateral edges of prothorax more 
strongly spined and more convergent in front ; legs shorter, 
less asperate and spinose, the first joint of the tarsi relatively 
shorter. 

In the species of our second section that correspond to the genus 
Prinobius of Mulsant, the male differs further from the female by 
the nature of the puncturation of the pronotum, prosternum, 
mesosternum and the sides of the metasternum. 



I. JS^o marked sexual difference in the puncUiration of the protliorax, 
mesosternum and metasternum. 

30. Macrotoma fisheri, C. O. Waterh. A. M. N. H. (5) xiv, p. 382 
(1884). 

d . lleddish brown, with the head, basal three joints of the 
antennae and the front legs nearly black, the middle and hind 
legs and all the tarsi piceous, the elytva yellowish brown but of a 
darker colour at the base ; hind breast clothed with fulvous- 
yellow pidjescence. Head opaque, strongly and closely punctured 

D 2 



36 CERAMBYCID.^. 

in front, densely and finely graniilose behind, the rather deep 
channel between the antenniferous tubercles sparsely punctured. 
Antennae reach to the apical third of the elytra ; first joint 
rather stout, twice as long as broad, strong]}' but sparsely 
punctured, third thick, flattened or slightly channelled above, 
equal in length to the fourth, fifth, and half of the sixth ; sparsely 
punctured, somewhat asperate beneath. Prothorax with its lateral 
edges sharply spined, convei'ging in nearly straight lines towards 
the apex ; the notum rather strongly deflexed at the sides, flattened 
in the middle and marked with a few shallow depressions, a 
small median space smooth and glossy, the rest of the surface 
coarsely punctured, more densely so towards the sides. Scutellum 
dull, sparsely punctured. Elytra parallel-sided, scarcely wider 
than the base of the prothorax, finely granulate at the shoulders 
and near the scutellum, rugulose over the rest of their surface. 
Legs somewhat spinous beneath, the middle and hind femora 
slightly asperate above, the front femora very rough ; first joint 
of tarsi not so long as the next two united. Prosternal process 
coarsely and not very closely punctured ; mesosternum pubescent, 
deeply impressed on each side ; metasternum finely punctured, 
somewhat more thickly so at the sides than in the middle. 
Abdomen slightly glossy, finely but not very closely punctured. 

Length 55-70 mm. 

Hah. Burma. 



II. Protliorax above and helovj, mesostermim and sides of metasternum 
in the male ver>j closely ininctured and dull, but ivith a 
transverse band at the base of the pronotum and certain 
rather well-defined areas on the disc sparsely ininctured and 
glossy (Prinobius). 

A. First joint of antenna' one-third longer than its tvidth. 

31. Macrotoma crenata, Fabr. (Prionus) Si/st. Fleuth. ii, p. 264 
(1801) ; C. O. Waterh. (Macrotoma) A. M. N. H. (5) xiv, p. 382. 
Macrotoma in.scripta, C. O. Waterh. I. c. p. 380. 

(S . Dark brown, with the elytra of a somewhat lighter brown 
tint that becomes darker towards the base ; the intermediate joints- 
of the antennae, the hind legs and the tarsi moi-e or less reddish. 
Head somewhat strongly punctured in front and between the 
eyes, finely granulose behind. Antennte reach to the apical 
third or fourth of the elytra : first joint relatively short, only 
about one-third longer than broad, coarsely punctured ; third 
thickened, slightly channelled and sparsely punctured above, some- 
what denticulate below, equal in lengtli to the fourth, fifth, and 
nearly half of the sixth united. Prothorax with its sides converging 
in slightly curved lines in front ; the disc with two triangular, 
strongly punctured and slightly depressed, nitid areas in front, 
two small rugose spots external to these and a trausversc nitid 



MACROTOMA. 



37 



band at the base, this basal band produced obliquely at its ex- 
tremities ; at the middle it 
is produced forwards in a 
narrow triangle which some- 
times extends to and unites 
Avith the inner angles of the 
triangular spaces in front. 
Elytra densely grauulose, 
the granules stronger and 
the surface rougher towards 
the base, especially near the 
suture. Metasternum bare 
of pubescence, with a sparsely 
punctured triangular area 
clearly marked off by a slightly 
raised line from the closely 
punctured part on each 
side. Front legs asperate, 
spinose beneath, the femora 
thickened, the tibiae elon- 
gated and slightly curved ; 
the middle and hind legs 
much less spinose ; first joint 
of the tarsi scai'cely so long 
as the next two joints 
united. 

5 . Antennte shorter, not 
reaching beyond the middle 
of the elytra, with the first and third joints much less thickened 
than in the male, third not asperate. Prothorax with its edges more 
strongly spined, and more convergent in front ; the notum strongly 
aud rather closely punctured towards the sides, less closely in the 
middle and there also more or less glossy. Metaternum pubescent 
at the sides as well as in the middle, rather closely granulate- 
punctate. Fi-ont legs similar to the other two pairs. 
Len<jth 37-52 mm. 

Hah. India — Kashmir to South Bombay and Nepal to Calcutta ; 
Ceylon ; Burma. 




Fig. 13. — Macrotoma crcnata, Fab., (S ■ 



32. Macrotoma plagiata, C. O. Wntcrh. A. M. X II. (•>) xiv, p. 381 

(18S4). 
Macrotoma pladata, Lameere, Mem. Soc. Ent. Belrj. xi, p. 167 
(1903). 

Greatly resembles M. crenatus (Fab.) and agrees with it in most 
points of structure, especially in the proportions of the first joint 
of the antennae and front tarsus, but it is distinguishable from 
that species : (1) by the greater relative length of the third joint 
of the antenna^ as this joint in the male is quite as long as the 
fourth, fifth, and sixth united ; (2) by the smaller f^size of the 



38 CEBAMBYCLD^. 

shining spaces on the male prnnotum, the two antei'ior of which 
are somewhat ovate in shape and slightly elevated (except at the 
inner edge) instead of being depressed ; (3) by its darker colour 
that is almost black with the elytra dark brown. 

Length 38-45 mm. 

Hah. Northern India. 



B. First joint of antennce tivice as long as its iviclth. 

33. Macrotoma spinosa, Fah. (Prionus) Mant. Ins. \, p. 130 (1787) ; 

Lameere, Mem. Soc. Ent. Belg. xi, p. 165 (1903). 
Macrotoma ellioti, C. O. Waterh. A. M. K. If. (5) xiv, p. 379 

(1884). 
Macrotoma diffbrmis, Nonfr. Berl. ent. Zeit. xxxvi, p. 377 (1891). 

S - Dark brown in colour ; the elytra rusty bro\^'n towards 
the base and somewhat yellowish towards the apex ; the antennae 
at the apex, the hind legs and all the tarsi somewhat reddish. 
Head coarsely punctured between the eyes, closel}^ and finely 
granulate behind. Antennae reach to the apical third of the 
elytra ; fii*st joint twice as long as it is broad, closely and coarsely 
punctured ; third more than twice as long as the first and equal 
in length to the fourth, fifth and two-thirds of the sixth united, 
spinose beneath and along the front margin, the spines rather 
short. Pronotum about one-fifth broader at the base than at the 
apex, very closely and finely punctate and opaque, but with two 
triangular spaces before the middle, a small rugose spot external 
to each of these, a narrow transverse band near the base, a median 
streak from the middle and an oblique rugose band from each end 
of the basal band, all more or less strongly nitid. Elytra rugulose- 
punctate and very finely granulose, the granules become more 
distinct and the surface rougher towards the base, especially oa 
the slightly elevated part near the scutellum. Eront femora and 
tibiae asperate, beset with short sharp spines beneath ; middle 
and hind femora sparsely punctulate, armed with a few spines 
beneath. Eirst joint of the front tarsus longer than the second 
and third united. 

Length 45-65 mm. 

Hah. India : Barway in Bengal ; Nilgiri Hills, Bangalore ;. 
Muscat in Arabia. 

Genus ZOOBLAX. 
Zooblax, Thomson, Rev. et Mag. de Zool. 1877, p. 274. 

Type, Z. elateroides, Thorns. 

Range. Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Xilgiri Hills. 

(S . Head as in Macrotoma, but the eyes larger and more 
closely approximated above. Antennae as long as the body, 11- 
jointed ; third joint thickened, asperate, more than twice as long 
as the first, canaliculate above and belo\\ . Pronotum with denti- 
culate lateral edges that converge gradually from base to apex ; its 



ZOOBLAX. 



S9 



hind angles acute and directed sliglitly backwards, somewhat in 
the manner characteristic of the Elaterida',; its upper surface finely 
and very closelv punctured and opaque, but with two rather small, 
coarsely punctured, glossy depressions in front of the middle and 
a short band of a similar kind running obliquely forwards from 
the base on each side. Prosternum, mesosternum and sides of 
the metasternum very closely punctulate ; a very sharply hmited, 
rather strongly depressed median triangular area of the meta- 
sternum, sparsely punctulate and glossy. Last ventral segment 
sinuate or subtruncate at the apex. Other characters almost as \n 
Macrotoma, but with the front legs, especially the tibiae, more 

elongated. i • i • • <- 

2 . Antennfe shorter and more slender, with the third ]Oint 
scarcely asperate. Pronotum coarsely punctured except in the 
middle ; its hind angles project rather strongly outwards, but 
not backwards. Sterna less closely punctured ; metasternum 
without a definite space in the middle. 

This genus is not recognized by M. Lameere, who regards the 
two species here included in it as forming a small group m 
the genus Macrotoma, with characters that diifer only in degree 
from those met with in the species of our second section of that 
genus. 

34. Zooblax aeneipennis, C. O. Waterh. (Macrotoma) Trans. Etit.Soc. 
]881, p. 428 ; Gahan (Prinobius), A. M. N. H. (6) ^.P- ^^ (JSfO) ; 
Lameere (Macrotoma), Mem. Sac. Ent. Belg. xi, p. 1/ (IJU-j). 

Black, the elytra of a fine rather dark green colour. _ 
S. Head sparsely and rather strongly punctured in front, 
granulate behind the eves ; the antennal supports separated by a 
deep channel grooved" at the bottom. AntennsB a little longer 
than the body ; first joint rather short, strongly punctate ; third 
thi<;kened, broadly canahculate above and below, spinulose at the 
lower front margin, nearly three times as long as the first and 
slightly longer than the fourth and fifth united. Prothorax 
with the sides feebly denticulate, converging in nearly straight 
hues from base to apex ; disc strongly raised in the middle, with 
two small, somewhat glossy depressions anteriorly and a longitudinal 
median one near the base ; the rest of the surface finely and very 
closely punctate and opaque. Elytra nitid, closely rugulose- 
punctate, somewhat raised and covered with small tubercles or 
granules near the scutellum, spined behind at the sutural angle. 
Legs long ; first joint of the front tarsus narrow and elongate, 
much longer than the second and third united. 

2 . Antenuc^ smooth, sparsely punctured, not reaching beyond 
the middle of the elytra. Pronotum nitid, sparsely and teeblj 
punctured in the middle, strongly and more closely towards 
the sides; spinose along the side margins, with a stronger, 
recurved spine at the hind angles ; the sides not so straight as. 



40 



CEEAMBYCID.I. 



in the male ; the disc with three shallow depressions. Legs less 
scabrous than those of the male. Prosternum nitid, very spai'sely 
punctate ; hind breast sparsely pubescent and feebly punctured 
at the sides. 

Length 33-60 mm. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills. 



35. Zooblax elateroides, Thoms. Rev. et Mm/, de Zool. 1877, p. 274 ; 
Lameeve (Macrotoma), Mem. Sue. Ent. Bel;/, xi, p. 171 (1903). 

J . Almost entirely of a dull reddish-brown colour, the head, 
prothorax and base of the antennae somewhat darker than the 
rest. Mandibles rugosely punctured, except near the tip ; head 

rather strongly punctured 
in front and on the vertex, 
closely and finely granulate 
behind, impressed above with 
a fine median groove. An- 
tennae with the first joint 
coarsely punctured, somewhat 
flattened above, canaliculate 
below ; third much broader 
and thicker than any of the 
following joints, nearly as 
long as the fourth, fifth, and 
sixth united. Pronotum very 
uneven in the middle, the 
anterior t^^"0 shiny depressions 
having two swellings in front 
of them and two larger ones 
behind ; a median impressed 
line extends from the base 
to a point in line with the 
anterior depressions. Elytra 
finely granulated ; each with 
three or four feebly raised 
lines, the interspace between 
the suture and the inner- 
most line somewhat raised 
from the base to the middle 
and more coarsely granulated 
than the rest of the surface. 
Legs long; the femora of the front pair asperate in front, some- 
what transversely wrinkled behind, denticulate beneath ; tibiae 
of the same pair very long, slightly curved, asperate in front 
and behind, denticulate beneath ; middle and hind legs sparsely 
punctulate, \\ith the lower margins asperate or denticulate ; first 
joint of all the tarsi narrow and as long as the second and third 
united. Hind breast slightl}^ pubescent at the sides and in the 
glossy space in the middle. 




Fig. 14. 
Zooblax claieroidcf, Thorns., St 
and metasternum of tlie same. 



iEGOSOMIKI. 41 

2 . Antennae and legs shorter and more slender than in the 
male and scarcely asperate. Pronotum closely and very coarsely 
punctured, dull at the sides, less closely punctured, in part im- 
punctate, in the middle and glossy. Hind hreast entirely covered 
with a faint tawny pubescence. 

Length 30-50 mm. 

Bab. Andaman and Xicobar Islands. 



Group ^GOSOMINI. 

Head \Aith the front and clypeus oblique and transversely 
broadly concave ; the clypeo-f rontal sutures generally well marked ; 
the clypeus finely marginate at the sides ; the labrum distinct, 
generally large, united by a straight or slightly arcuate suture 
with the coriaceous front edge of the clypeus. Eyes strongly 
emarginate ; the lower lobes frequently large, but never extend 
so to reach the front. Anteunoe inserted near the base of the 
mandibles ; the third joint generally very long. Lateral margins 
of prothorax curve downwards from the base and are more or 
less closely approximated to the outer angles of the coxal cavities 
and to the prosternal sutures, sometimes obsolete in front. 
Intercoxal process of prosternuui arched. Epimera of prothorax 
short, those of the metathorax obliquely truncate, scarcely pro- 
longed behind. Epipleures of elytra exceptionally only (genus 
Dandamis) wideued out below the shoulders. Third tarsal joint 
cleft almost to the base, but with the lobes sometimes narrow and 
exceptionally xery short. 



Synopsis of Genera, 

A. First anteunal joint longer ^nd spined at apex. Baralipton, p. 42. 
JB. First antenna! joint shorter and not spined. 

a. Last joint of tarsi twice as long as the first 

three united, and the lobes of ord very 

short DiNOPRiONUS, p. 43. 

b. Last joint of tarsi shorter or very little 

longer than the first three united. 
a . Epipleures of elytra not widened out near 
the base. 
11^. First joint of hind tarsi not longer than 

the 2nd and 3rd united ^-Egosoma, p. 44. 

b'^. First joint of hind tarsi longer tlian the 

2nd and 3rd united Sarmydus, p. oL 

//. Epipleures of elytra widened out under 

the shoulders . Dandamis, p. 50. 



42 



CERAMBTCID.i;. 



Genus BARALIPTON. 



BaraliptoQ, Thorns. Archiv. Enf. i, 
Coleopt. viii, p. 153 (^1869). 



p. 341 (1857) ; Lacord. Gen. 



Type, B. maculosum, Thorns. 
Ramie. Northern India. 

S . Head elongated behind the eyes, much narrower than tlie 
prothorax : mandibles short and oblique, with sharp toothless 
inner edge ; eyes emarginate in front, lower lobes distant from 
base of mandibles. Antenna3 longer than the body ; first joint 
stout, reaching almost to the fi-ont margin of the prothorax, 
armed with a strong spine behind, close to the apex ; third joint 
nearly five times as long as the first, slightly curved : fourth joint 
a little longer than the first, also curved ; the joints from the 
third to the sixth with a short thick fringe of tawny^ hairs 
beneath. Prothorax with its lateral edge distinct from the base to 
the apex, a strong dentiform process at the base, and with a 
short tooth at the middle and a blunt angular process at the 
apex. Elytra each with t«o strongly raised dorsal costae and a 
short lateral ct)sta which is distinct only near the apex. Tarsi 
moderately broad, with the first joint scarcely longer than the 

third and the claw-joint 
almost as long as the first 
three joints united. Last 
ventral segment rounded at 
the apex. 

$ . Antennas moreslender 
than in the male, scarcely 
reaching beyond the middle 
of the elytra, without a 
fringe of hairs beneath. 



36. Baralipton maculosum. 

Thorns. Archiv. Ent. i, 
p. 342, pi. 14, fig. 1 
(1857). 

Brownish black ; the upper 
side and to a less extent the 
underside also clothed with 
a dense ashy-grey pubes- 
cence, which on the elytra 
gives silky reflexions; elytra 
with an obcordate dark 
brown spot of velvety ap- 
pearance placed a little 
ijehind the scutellum ; 
each elytra has two very 
large irregular si)ots o'l similar colour that extend from the outer 
margin to the inner costa, placed, one before, the other behind 




Fig. 15. 
Baralipton maculosum. Thorns., <S . 



' DINOPRIONUS. 4S 

the middle. Pronotum very strongly raised towards the middle 
and impressed with a shallow longitudinal groove ; sparsely 
granulated towards ihe sides and down the middle, but closely 
granulated on the raised parts at each side of the same. Elytra 
rounded at the apex, armed at the suture with a short spine ; 
each with two strongly raised dorsal costae, the inner one extends 
from the base for about two-thirds of its length, the outer one is 
continued to within a short distance of the apex and at its hinder 
end is directed towards the suture : the lateral costa very short, 
distiuct only on the apical half of the elytron. Legs finely 
and very closely granulate, faintly ])ubesceut : tibiae gradually 
and slightly widened towards their distal extremity. Fifth 
ventral segment of the abdomen rounded at the apex in both 
sexes. 

Length 38-53; breadth lO-l-o mm. 

Hah. Calcutta, Assam : Sibsagor {Athinson) ; Patkai Mts. 
{Dohertif). 



Genus DINOPRIONUS. 

Binoprioiuis, Bates, Ent. Mo. May. xii, p. 49 (1875). 

Type, D. cephalotes, Bates. 

Kange. Northern India. 

c? . Head large, elongated behind the eyes ; mandibles oblique, 
M-ith sharp toothless inner edges ; eyes emarginate in front, 
upper lobes narrow, lower lobes distant from base of mandibles. 
Antennte scarcely reach beyond the middle of the elytra; first joint 
short and stout ; third thickened and asperate, twice as long as 
the first. Prothorax transverse, strongly bisinuate at the base, 
its lateral edge distinct and prominent from the base to the 
outer angle of the coxal cavity, thence to the apex nearly 
obsolete. Elytra with four distinct but not very strongly raised 
costae on each ; rounded and unarmed at the apex. Intercoxal 
part of prosternum strongly arched ; that of the mesosternnm 
narrow. Last ventral segment of the abdomen deeply emai- 
ginate behind. Tarsi narrow, with the first joint but little 
longer than the second ; lobes of the third joint short and 
narrow ; claw-joint twice as long as the first three joints 
united. 

37. Dinoprionus cephalotes, Bates, Ent. Mo. Mag. xii, p. 50 (1875). 

(S . Chestnut-red, the elytra fulvous ; upper side bare of pubes- 
cence and glossy, underside faintly pubescent. Antennaj dark 
brown at the base, first joint coarsely punctured and asperate, 
marked with a longitudinal groove in front ; third joint asperate, 
slightly knobbed at the apex ; fourth slightly thickened and 
asperate, not longer than the fifth. Pronotum sparsely and 
finely punctured in the middle, somewhat more coarsely towards 



44 



CERAMBYCID.i:. 



the sides, the latter sparsely granulate. Elytra glossy, finely 

and rather closely punctured ; 
innermost costa of each extend- 
ing from the hase for about 
four-fifths of its length and then 
turned outwards to join the 
second costa, this being con- 
tinued a little further back and 
united behind with the third 
costa ; third and fourth costae 
united in front, ending some 
distance behind the shoulder. 
Legs smooth and glossy, with 
the tibiag sparsely punctured ; 
the front femora only, slightly 
asperate near their lower 
anterior edge. (Female un- 
known.) 

Lenfjth 43-65; hreadtli 13- 
16 mm. 

Hah. Darjeeling i^Dr. Pearson); 
YiiT. IG. Miniipur {Dohertij). 

Dinopriomis cephalotcs. Bates, ^J . 




G-enus iEGOSOMA. 

^Egosoma, Serville, Ann. S()c. Ent. Fr. i, p. 162 (1832) ; Lacord. 
Gen. Coleopt. viii, p. 154 (1869). 

Type, yS. scahricorne, Scopoli. European. 

Range. Oriental Eegion and Mediterranean Subregion. 

Head elongated behind the eyes, more or less obliquely inclined 
in front ; eyes narrowly emarginate in frout ; mandibles short, 
oblique, toothless or armed with one small tooth on the sharp 
inner edge. Antenna? longer as a rule than the body in the male, 
but reach beyond the middle of the elytra in the female ; first 
joint short and stout, third much longer than the first and at 
least as long as the fourth and fifth united. Prothorax either 
unarmed, or with from one to three short spines or teeth on each 
side ; its lateral edges bowed down in the middle, more or less 
closely approximated to the otiter angles of the coxal cavities, 
sharp and distinct near the base, less distinct and sometimes 
altogether obsolete in front. Elytra broader than the base of the 
prothorax, nearly parallel-sided for the greater part of their length, 
shghily narrowed posteriorly, rounded at the apex, either unarmed 
or furnished with a short spine or tooth at the suture. Legs 
moderately long, the hind pair longest ; femora laterally com- 
pressed, with their dorsal and ventral borders nearly j)arallel ; 
tarsi rather narroA\-, with the claw-joint at least as long as the 
first two joints united. 



i(:GOSOMA. 



45 



Lower lobe of eye somewhat ilistant from base of mandible. 
Prothorax unarmed at the sides ; its lateral edges very close to 
the outer anyles of the coxal cavities. Elytra with feebly raised 
or almost obsolete casta'. Claiv-joint of tarsi longer than the 
first three joints united. 



38. 



iEgOSOma Ornaticolle, White. Cat. Coleojot. B. 31., Lunqic. p. 
(1853) ; id. p. Z. S. 18o3, p. 27. 



30 



c? . Dark brown, varying to reddish brown on the elytra, except 
at the suture and outer margins which are almost black ; 
pronotum with four widely separated 
yellowisli pubescent spots, two near the 
base and two near the apex. Antennae 
reach to the apex of the elytra or 
a little beyond ; joints third to fifth 
thickened and strongly scabrous ; third 
somewhat canaliculate behind, three times 
as long as the first and equal in length to 
the fourth and fifth united, these two 
together being as long as the next five. 
Prothorax widest at the base with a 
slightly projecting angle on each side, 
narrowed in front ; its lateral edges dis- 
tinct only from the base to the outer 
angles of the coxal cavities. Elytra naked, 
finely and ^ery closely granulate and 
opaque ; each with two or three verv 
feebly raised lines and either unarmed at 
the apex or with a very short sutural spine. Last ventral segment 
with a deep arcuate emargination behind. 

$ . Antenna? reach to a little beyond the middle of the 
elytra, with joints third to fifth less thickened and scabrous than 
those of the male. Last ventral segment more broadly emarginate 
behind. Ovipositor exserted, long, broad and flat near its base, 
narrow and subcylindrical towards the end. 
Length 30-50 ; breadth 8|-15 mm. 

Ilab. Assam ; Manipur (Doherty) ; Burma : Euby Mines. 
(Doherty). 




Fig. 17. — JEgosonia 
ornaticolle, White, (^ . 



39. JEgOSOma marginale. Fab. (Cerambyx) Syst. Ent. p. 169 ; Oliv. 
Enf. iv. no. 67, p. 7, no. 66, tab. 12, fig. 47 ; White (^Egosoma), 
P. Z. S. 1853, p. 27 ; Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (3) iii, p. 679 
(1869). V . r 

yEgosomajavanicum, Redtmb. Reise Novara, ii, p. 202 (1868). 

6 . Reddish brown; covered above with a rather thin, tawny 
pubescence, the front and hind margins of the pronotum and 
the sutural and lateral margins of the elytra almost black. 
Antennae nearly half as long again as the body; the third joint 



46 CEEAMBYCli)^. 

three times as long as the first and about equal in length 
to the fourth and fifth united ; the first five joints asperate, the 
third and succeeding joints with a short hair-fringe beneath. 
Prothorax rounded in tlie middle on each side, narrowed in front 
and also, but to a less extent, towards the base, the hind angles 
rounded off ; lateral edge distinct only from the basal margin to the 
outer angle of the coxal cavity, completely obliterated in front. 
Elytra pubescent, costa3 obsolete. Last ventral segment with a 
semicircular einargination at the apex. 

2 . Antenme reach to the apex of the elytra, more slender 
than in the male. Fifth ventral segment with a broad deep 
emargination behind. Ovipositor broad at the base, narrow and 
subcylindrieal towards the extremity. 

Length 20-38 ; breadth 5-10 mm. 

Hah. Upper Burma : Teinzo (Fea). China ; Cochin China ; 
Hainan I. : Siam ; Malay Peninsula ; Sumatra ; Java ; Borneo ; 
Celebes. 

II. Ei/es larger, ivith loiver lohe less distant from base of mandible. 
Prothorax icith one or ttvo spines on each side ; its lateral edges 
very close to the outer angles of the coxal cavities. Elytra each 
with two distinct costce, but without a lateral costa. Claw-joint 
of tarsi equal in length to the first three joints united. 

40. .ffigosoma cingalense, White, Cat. Coleopt. B. M., Longic. \, p. 81 
(1853) : id. F. Z. S. 1853, p. 27 ( ^ ). 
yEgosoma angustatum, Bates, Ent. Mo. Mag. xii, p. 51 (1875) ( 5 ). 

(S . Dark brown ; covered abo\'e, especially on the prothorax 
and elytra, with a dense drab-coloured pubescence. Antenna? 
longer than the body ; third and fourth joints somewhat 
thickened and like the basal joints, closely granulated and pubes- 
cent ; third joint about four times as long as the first and twice as 
long as the fourth; last seven joints almost naked, finely punetu- 
Lite, somewhat glossy. Prothorax narrowed in front ; with a 
short spine on each side behind the middle and a projecting angle 
•or tooth at the base ; lateral edge obsolete in front ; notum with 
a broad concave depression in the middle and two or three 
swelHngs towards each side. Inner costa of each elytron most 
strongly raised near the base, gradually fading away beyond 
the middle, the outer one faint near the base, but sharp and 
distinct from the middle onwards, ending at a short distance 
from the apex ; apex rounded on the sutural as well as on the 
outer side. Body beneath and legs less densely pubescent. 
Third joint of tarsi deeply bilobed, with the lobes rounded at 
the ends. Last ventral segment very feebly emarginate at the 
apex. 

5 . Eeddish brown ; nearly bare of pubescence except on 
the breast. Elytra finely granular and opaque, but with the 
sutural edge and costse glossy. Antennae slender, entirely naked 



jEGOsoyiA. 47 

ami glossy, reaching to about the posterior fifth of the elytra. 
Kfth ventral segment feebly emarginate at the apex. Ovipositor 
short, dorso-ventraliy compressed. 

Length 25-45 ; breadth 6-12 ram. 

Hab. Ceylon. 

41. .aigosoma tibiale, WMfe, Cat. Coleopt. B. M., Lomjk. i, p. 32 

(1853) ; id. P. Z. S. 1853, p. 28. 

c? . Dark brown ; with the elytra somewhat reddish brown, 
naked, impunctate and glossy. Antennae longer than the body ; 
third joint slightly thickened, three times as long as the first, 
both closely granulated ; fourth joint sparsely punctured, less 
than half the length of the third and very little longer than the 
fifth. Prothorax with its lateral edge distinct from the base up 
to the anterior margin, furnished with a spine at the base, another 
just behind the middle and with an angulate or dentiform process 
in front ; notnm convex, very closely puuctui^ed, sparsely setose 
towards the sides. Elytra: each with two dorsal costae, the inner 
one disap])ears a little beyond the middle, the outer costa is con- 
tinued back to end a short distance before the apex. Tarsi 
narrow ; the first three joints of equal width, together about 
as long as the claw-joint. Last ventral segment arcuately emargi- 
nate at the apex. 

$. Antennae reach to about the posterior third of the elytra; 
the third joint not thickened and less closely granulated than 
in the male. Fifth ventral segment deeply emarginate in the 
middle at the apex. Ovipositor short, dorso-yentrally compressed. 

Length 22-46 ; breadth 6-12 mm. 

Hab. Northern India. 

42. .a]gosoma huckleyi, Gahaji, A. M. N. H. (G) xiv, p. 227 (1894). 

d" . Dark brown ; varying on the elytra, underside and legs to 
I'eddish brown. Antennaj a little longer than the body ; first 
three joints asperate and opaque, the third four times as long as 
the first and equal in length to the three succeeding joints 
united. Prothorax with its lateral edge distinct from tlie base to 
the anterior margin, furnished with a spine at tlie base, a short 
spine just behind the middle and a projecting angle or tooth 
(sometimes obsolete) close to the front mai-gin ; notum convex 
closely punctured, furnished with sparse erect hairs towards 
the sides. Elytra more than 2| times as long as broad, bare of 
pubescence and very closely granulate or rugulose ; each with 
two distinct dorsal costa?, the inner costa less strouglv raised 
beyond the middle and united with the outer one at about one- 
fifth from the apex. First three tarsal joints united about equal 
in lengtli to the claw-joint, the third joint only slightly wider than 
the second. Last ventral segment emarginate in the middle 
behind. 

$ . Antennae reach to about the posterior third of the elytra, 



48 CERAMBYCIDiE. 

third joint closely and somewhat asperately punctured towards 
the base, less closelj^ towards the apex. Fifth ventral segment 
with a broad, deep, arcuate emargination at the apex. Ovipositor 
short, dorso-ventrally compressed. 

Length 40-45 ; breadth 10-^-12 mm. 

IlaJ). Northern India : Dalhousie. 

III. Eyes large, with lower lobe reaching close to base of mandible. 
Antennce with joints 3rd to 11th sharply edged in front. 
ProthoruA' ivith its lateral edge at some distance from the coxal 
cavity and the prosternal suture, the iniers^tace marlced in 
the female by a reddish callosity. Elytra; each ivith at least 
three strongly raised costa-, two dorsal, the third lateral. Claiv- 
joint of tarsi shorter than the first three joints united. 

43. JEgosoma sulcipenne, IJ'/iite, Cat. Coleopt. B. M., Lonyic. i, p. 31 

(1853). 

S . Dark brown, the elytra and antennae i-eddish brown ; sparsely 
covered with yellowish tawny pubescence which is resti-icted 
on the elytra to linear tracts lying along the channels between 
the cost^e. Antennae a httle longer than the body ; third joint 
a little more than t\\ice as long as the first, and about equal 
in length to the fourth and fifth united. Prothorax with its 
lateral edge distinct, extended into an angulate process at the 
base and into a short blunt tooth (sometimes obsolete) at the 
front angle ; notum finely granulate. Elytra finely granulate ; 
each with t\vo acute dorsal coslte extending from the base, the 
inner one for about two-thirds of its length, the outer one almost 
to the apex ; a sharp lateral costa runs from a little behind the 
shoulder to the apical margin and a very short fourth costa lies 
midway between the outer dorsal and the lateral costa ; apex with 
a sharp spine at the suture. Last ventral segment subtruncate 
behind. Claw-joint of tarsi as long as the first two joints 
united. 

5 . Antennae reach to about the posterior third of the elytra. 
Last central segment subtruncate behind. Ovipositor short and 
compressed. 

Length 15-25 ; breadth 4-7 mm. 

Hab. Burma : Teinzo {Eea), Thayetmyo (Bingham); Tenasserim; 
Andaman Islands (Ca2>t. Wimberley). 

44. .ffigosoma bowringi, Gahan, A. M. K. II. (G) xiv, p. 226 (1894). 

Eeddish brown ; rather densely clotlied \\\W\ a short tawny 
pubescence, which covers the whole of the elytra with tlie excep- 
tion of the costse ; the latter character especially serves to 
distinguish the species from JE". sidcijxmne, White, with which it 
agrees very closely in structure. 

Lenr/th 2l-''i5 { breadth 6-10 mm. 

Hab. Bengal ; Assam : Sylhet, Patkai Mts. (Doherty) ; f pper 
Burma: Northern Chin Hills (Watson). 



-EGOSOMA. 49 

45. JEgosoma costipenne, 7F7ijVe (Megopis), Cat. Coleopt. B. M., Longic. 

i, p. 28, pi. 2, tip.. 2 (1853). 
.^gosoma lacertosum, Pasc. A. M. N. H. (3) xix, p. 413 (1867). 

cJ . Ferruginous red and opaque, the costse of the elytra nitid 
and of a brighter red colour. Upperside almost bare of pubescence. 
Antennae a little longer than the body, the third and a few of the 
following joints tipped with black at tlie apex, the third rather 
more than twice as long as the first. Prothorax with a sharp 
angular process at the base on each side ; unarmed at the anterior 
angles ; lateral edge distinct from the base to the anterior margin ; 
notum very finely granulate. Elytra each with four costse similar 
in length and position to those of ^E. sidciiyemie ; the intervals 
between the costse covei'ed ^^'itll very minute brownish granules ; 
apex subtruncate near the suture, armed with a short spine at the 
suture. Last ventral segment subtruncate at the apex. 

$ . Antennae reaching to the posterior third of the elytra. 
Prothorax with a reddish callosity that occupies the space between 
the prosternal suture and the lateral edge. Fifth ventral segment 
truncate at the apex. Ovipositor short and compressed. 

Lenr/th 25-30 ; breadth 7-9 mm. 

Hab. Assam ; Sikhim ; Manipur (Dohert)j). 



46. .ffigosoma terminale, sp. n. 

S . Reddish brown, elytra fulvous. Upperside with a very short 
sparse pubescence, underside with a longer and denser pubescence. 
Antennae a little longer than the body ; third joint twice as long 
as the first and about equal in length to the fourth and fifth 
united. Prothorax with a strong angular process at the base on 
each side and a tooth at each of the anterior angles ; lateral edge 
distinct from the base to the anterior tooth : notum finely granu- 
late, a few coarser granules on each side of the middle. Elytra 
each with two distinct dorsal costse, the inner one extends for 
about three-fourths the length of the elytron from the base, a 
distinct lateral costa and a short, very feebly raised, indistinct 
■costa on the posterior half between the lateral and the outer 
dorsal costa; apex obliquely subtruncate towards the suture, 
armed at the suture with a rather long, sharp spine. 

This species closely resembles ^E. bowrhuji in size and colour, 
but differs as follows : a stronger process at the base of the pro- 
thorax on each side ; the body above with a much sparser and 
shorter pubescence; the inner dorsal costa of each elytron prolonged 
farther back, its apex less rounded and armed with a longer 
spine. 

Length 29 ; breadth 8| mm. 

Hah. Ceylon. 



VOL. I. 



50 



CEliAMBYCID.i:. 



Genus DANDAMIS, g. n. 

Type, D. nigropimctatus^ Auriv. 

Ranfje. Southern India. 

Allied to jEqosoma, Serv., and Sarmydus, Pasc, but differs 
from botli as i'oUoAvs: — Epipleural fold of the elytra very wide 
near the base. Eyes large, the lower lobe extended close up 
to the genal margin. Antennae of S longer, and those of $ 
shorter, than the body ; first joint short, not reaching to the hind 
margin of the eye ; third to eleventh rather slender, slightly com- 
pressed, the front edge of all, and the hind edge of all but the third, 
sharply carinate ; third one-fourth longer than the fourth, fifth to 
eleventh successively and gradually shorter. Prothorax transverse, 
rounded at the sides ; the lateral edges distinct, but not prominent, 
with a feeble tooth behind the middle; pleura witli a finely and very 
densely punctured area that extends from near the front margin 
to a little past the outer angle of the coxal cavity. Elytra long, 
rounded at the apex. Legs shorter and more slender than in the 
allied genera ; first joint of the hind tarsus as long as the next two 
joints united in the 6 , shorter in the $ . Last ventral segment 
truncate at the apex in d ; emarginate in $ . 

47 Dandamis nigropunctatus, Auriv. (Cyrtonops?) Ent. Tidskr. 
xviii, p. 243, pi. 3, fig. (1897). 
Sparsely furnished with long grey hairs above, more densely 
hairy beneath especially on tlie breast. Head and prothorax 
blackish brown, sometimes more or less testaceous in the middle ; 
elytra pale yellow mottled with blackish brown. Head closely 
punctured, impressed with a median 
groove that extends from the clypeus to the 
vertex ; eyes subapproximate above, i-ather 
widely separated below. First joint of 
antennae coarsely punctured, the othei's 
finely punctate and sparsely ciliated, the 
last five or six faintly covered with very 
short pubescence. Prothorax rather 
densely punctured ; the disc with a slight 
depression in the middle and two feeble 
elevations in front ; the densely punctate 
area on each side below the lateral carina 
slightly raised, nearly flat in the 6 , some- 
what convex in the $ , limited below 
and behind by a raised line or carina. 
Elytra about two and a half times as 
long as broad, rounded and unarmed at 
the apex, strongly but very irregularly 
punctured ; tlie punctures, which are nearly black in colour, are 
closely aggregated here and there in patches and more widely 
separated on other parts, thus giving rise to the mot tied appearance 
of the elytra ; each elytron with tAvo or three feebly raised, nearly 




Fig. 18. 

Dandamis vif/ropnnrfafns, 

Auriv., J • 



SAEMYDUS. 51 

obsolete, obtuse carinae. Body beneath varying from dark brown 
to testaceous; legs dark brown, the femora testaceous at the base, 
claw-joint of tarsi almost equal in length to the lirst and second 
joints united. 

Leiir/th 19-34; hreadtli 5-9 mm. 

Hab. Nilgiri Hills {H. L. Andrewes) ; Tranquebar. 

Genus SARMYDUS. 

Sarmydus, Pasc. A. M. N. H. (3) xix, p. 410 (1867) ; id. Trans. Ent. 
Soc. (3) iii, p. 676 (1869) ; Lacord. Gen. CoUopt. viii, p. 150 (1869). 

Type, S. antennatiis, Pasc. 

Range. Northern India to Borneo. 

S . Head short, almost vertically deflexed in front ; mandibles 
short, abruptly incurved and acute at tip, crossing one another 
when closed ; labrum very short and broad ; eyes large and pro- 
minent, emarginate in front ; upper lobes not widely separated 
from each other, lower lobes closely approximated" to base of 
mandibles in front. Antenna? a little longer or shorter than the 
body ; first joint short, obconical ; third to tenth strongly com- 
pressed, longitudinally carinated, produced into a sharp angle or 
tooth at the apex on the posterior side ; third twice as long as the 
first, broader, but scarcely longer, than the fourth ; fifth to tenth 
successively shorter and narrower. Prothorax transverse, with 
distinct lateral edge placed at some distance from the outer angle 
of the acetabulum and produced into an acute spine in the middle : 
each flank with a closely punctured area, sometimes completely 
circumscribed by a raised margin, lying between the prosternal 
suture and the anterior half of the lateral edge. Elytra broader 
than the prothorax, twice or more than twice as long as broad, 
rounded and unarmed at the apex; each with three distinctly 
raised costae. Legs moderately long, laterally compressed ; first 
joint of hind tarsus a little longer than the second and third 
united. Prosternum strongly arched between the coxae, slightly 
projecting beyond them posteriorly. Last ventral segment slightly 
sinuate at the apex. 

$ . Antennae shorter and much narrower than those of the 
male, the third and fourth joints scarcely broader than the fifth 
and following joints : the third nearly half as long again as the 
fourth. Elytra relatively longer than in the male. 

48. Sarmydus subcoriaceus, Hope (Prionus), Gray's Zool. Mi^c. p. 27 
(1831 ). 

c? . Dark brown or reddish brown in colour ; the elytra usually 
paler than the head and prothorax ; third and following joints of 
the antennae reddish or fulvous, sometimes narrowly edged with 
black at the apex. Head closely, subrugosely punctured. 
Antennae a little longer than the body ; first joint nitid, coarsely 

e2 



52 ceeambycidjE. 

punctm-ed ; third to tenth opaque, oblique at apex, furnished 
abore and below with two or three longitudinal carinae, third very 
little longer than the fourth. Prothorax closely and somewhat 
rugosely punctured above ; the closely punctured area on each 
flank convex, extending from the median spine to the anterior 
margin. Elvtra more than twice as long as broad, glossy, closely 
and strongly punctured, the intei'stices between the punctures 
are convexly raised and form a fine network of ridges ; naked 
above, but with the apical and postero-lateral margins fringed 
with very short tawny hairs ; costae of elytra distinct, but not 
very strongly raised. Underside and legs sparsely pubescent. 

2 ' Antennae reaching to the posterior fifth of the elytra ; 
third and following joints very feebly angulate behind at the apex ; 
third much longer, but scarcely wider, than the fourth. Elytra 
two and a half times as long as broad. 

Length 17-23 ; breadth 5-7 mm. 

Eab. Nepal. 



49. Sarmydus antennatus, Pasc. A. M. N. H. (3) xix, p. 410 (1867) ; 
id. Trans. Ent. Soc. (3) iii, p. 677 (1869). 

S . Dark brown, varying to reddish brown in immature 

specimens ; the antennae from the third or fourth joint reddish 

testaceous, with each of the joints very often narrowly edged 

with black at the apex. Prothorax closely and 

finely granulate above ; the closely punctured 

area on each of its flanks flattened or slightly 

concave, completely circumscribed by a raised 

smooth line that extends from the median 

spine not quite up to the anterior margin. 

Elytra not more than twice as long as broad, 

closely punctured and more or less opaque, the 

interstices between the punctures flat; the three 

costae on each strongly raised and acute. Other 

characters as in S. siihcoriaceus, Hope. 

Fig. 19. 5 . Antennae shorter and narrower, the third 

Sarmydus antenna, joint nearly half as long again as the fourth. 

tus, Pasc, S. Elytra almost two and a half times as long as 

broad. 
Length 16-30 ; breadth 5-9 mm. 

JSab. Assam ; Manipur ; Burma ; Andaman and Nicobar 
Islands ; Java ; Borneo. 



Group MONODESMINI. 

Front of the head vertical or subvertical ; the antennae in- 
serted at some distance from the base of the mandibles, thus 
giving room for the lower lobes of the eyes, which are usually 
very large, to reach anteriorly up to or almost up to the front. 




ANCEME. 53 

Lateral margins of protborax in general feebly developed, some- 
times (Anceme) consisting merely of a fine carina tbat extends on 
eacb side from the basal margin to the outer angle of the coxal 
cavity. A¥ing-venation of the usual Prionine type. 

This group, as hei'e defined, is a provisional one and corre- 
sponds in part only to Lacordaire's group of the same name. Tor 
two of the genera included by him, I have formed a separate 
group — the Philini. Two other genera — Oi/rtonojjs and Crinosoma, 
which were imperfectly known to him and doubtfully placed in 
the group — will also have to be excluded ; one belongs to the 
Bistenimce and the other to the Ceramhjcince. Ameme, the only 
genus of the group included in our fauna, is represented by two 
species in Africa and one, recently discovered by Mr. H. L. 
Andrewes, in the Nilgiri Hills, Southern India. M. Lameere 
(Faune Ent. de I'Afrique Trop., Longicornes, p. 47, 1903) has 
associated this genus with Plectogaster, Waterh., placing both 
in the group Anacolini. The Monodesmini have, it is true, 
a fairly close relationship with the Anacolini, as they have also 
with the uEr/osoviini ; they ought therefore perhaps to be merged 
in one or otlier of these two groups. With Plectogaster, however, 
the case is different. Notwithstanding the fact that this genus 
has been placed in the Prionin<x not only by M. Lameere but also 
by two other experienced entomologists, I am decidedly of opinion 
that it ought not to be so placed, but was rightly referred by 
its author to the Ceramhycince, chiefly for these reasons : (1) the 
protborax has no true lateral margin, (2) the front coxte though 
transverse are not more so than in many Ceramhycince, (3) the 
inner lobe of the maxill?e is quite fully developed, (4) the meso- 
notum has a large undivided stridulatory area and (5) the wing- 
venation resembles that of no true Prionince. What M. Lameere 
describes as a lateral margin, consists of a sharp ridge or carina 
that extends down the side of the protborax close to, and almost 
parallel with, its hind margin, approaching more closely in fact to 
the hind margin at its lower end than at its upper. Such a ridge, 
though less feebly developed, is not uncommon in the Cerambycinoi, 
and is to be found co-existing with the true lateral margin in some 
Prionince. 

Genus ANCEME. 
Anceme, Gahan, Trans. Ent. Sac. 1890, p. 299. 

Type, A. nigrita, Chevr, {(Erne), a West-African species. 

Range. West and East Africa, and Southern India. 
S . Head with the front vertically and the mandibles either 
obliquely or subvertically inclined ; last joint of palpi cylindrical ; 
eyes large, coarsely facetted, deeply emarginate. Antennae in- 
serted at some distance from the base of the mandibles, setose, 
half as long again as the body ; first joint short, stout, thickened 
towards the apex ; third to tenth compressed to a sharp edge in 
front and rectangular at the apex ; third twice as long as the first. 



54 



CEEAMBTCID^. 



the others gradually shorter. Prothorax relatively small (in the 
Indian species shorter and narrower than the head), transverse, 
rounded in the middle at each side, furnished with a feeble lateral 
carina curved downwards from the base to the outer angle of the 
coxal cavity. Elytra much broader than the prothorax and about 
six times longer, rounded at the apex ; each with a sharp longi- 
tudinal carina along the middle. Legs subequal, laterally com- 
pressed ; hind femora much shorter than the abdomen ; tii'st joint 
of hind tarsi shorter than the next two united, claw-joint long. 
Front coxas prominent, strongly transverse, almost contiguous ; 
the intercoxal part of the prosternum \ ery narrow ; middle 
coxae also almost contiguous, the mesosternum greatly reduced 
in size. 



50. Anceme andrewesi, sp. n. 

Entirely of a testaceous or fulvous-red colour, the elytra, 
■especially towards the apex, the legs and the body beneath of 
a somewhat paler tint. Head punctured 
sparsely in front, closely and subrugosely 
on the top and at the sides ; mandibles 
almost A ertically inclined ; louer lobes of 
the eyes very large, extended forwards 
between the antennae and the base of 
the mandibles, the gente in consequence 
reduced each to a narrow obhque strip. 
Prothorax shorter and narrower than the 
head, closely and rather finely punctured, 
impressed with a sinuate groove just 
behind the raised front margin, a feeble 
transverse groove close to the base, and a 
broader groove or channel along the middle. 
Elytra strongly and rather closely punc- 
tured, sparsely setose above and somewhat 
thickly setose at the apical margin : each 
A^Hth a sharp dorsal carina which stops 
short a little before the base in front and at about an equal dis- 
tance from the apex behind. Dorsal edge of tibiae very narrow 
and somewhat carinate. 
Length 14 ; breadth 3 mm. 
Hah. Nilgiri Hills {H. L. Andreives). 




Fig. 20. 

Ance-ne andrewesi, 

Gahan, c?. 



Group PHILINI. 

Head somewhat elongated behind the eyes and more or less 
narrowed towards the occiput, subvertically inclined in front ; 
labrum distinct, joined by a transverse suture to the clypeus ; 
guja without mentigerous process ; eyes large, emarginate. 
Antennse inserted rather close to the base of the mandibles, the 



DQCSUS. 



55 



first joint very short, the third about twice as long as the first and 
subeqiial in length to the fourth. Prothorax rather small, its 
lateral margins feebly developed and sometimes partly or wholly 
obsolete ; when present they curve downwards from the basal 
margin and extend forwards to a greater or less extent, but always 
at some distance from the outer angles of the coxal cavities. 
Mesonotum with or without a stridulatory area, this when present 
is divided by a median line or groove. Front coxae prominent, 
strongly transverse ; the intercoxal process attaining to a level 
with the coxa? and not prolonged behind them, its posterior face 
vertical and very narrow. Tarsi rather long, with the third joint 
cleft to the middle only ; paronyehium of claw-joint setose. 
Wings with vein Cu 1 joined by a cross vein to Cu '1 with one or 
two branches behind. 

Owing to the richness of their wing-venation, the two genera 
included in this group occupy a somewhat exceptional position 
among the Prionino' and appear to be primitive in relation to the 
other members of the subfamily. Their wing-venation greatly 
resembles that of Oxi/mims (Intro, fig. 5) and other genera of 
Lepturinai. In some other respects also the Fhilini show an 
affinity with the latter subfamily. They are closely related to 
MantifJieus, Pairm., a genus that inhabits Northern China, and are 
related also, but less closely, to the Mediterranean genus Vesperus, 
Latr., which some authors class with the Lepturime. 

Key to the Genera. 

Mesonotum without stridulatory area DcEsrs, p. 55. 

Mesonotum with stridulatory area Philus, p. 57. 

Genus DffiSUS. 

Doesus, Pascoe, Joiirn. Ent. i, p. 367 (1862) ; Lacord. Gen. CoUopt. 
viii, p. 161 (1809). 

Type, D. teleplioroides, Pasc. 

Range. Central and Southern India, Ceylon, Siam, China, 
Formosa and Borneo. 

(S . Head subvertical in front, slightly elongated and narrowed 
behind the eyes ; mandibles rather long, sharp at the end, 
crossed at the tips when closed ; labrum rather large ; autennal 
supports narrow and transverse ; eyes large and prominent, with 
the lower lobes extended close up to the genal edges in front. 
Antenna? about oue-third longer than the body, subserrate ; first 
joint very short, scarcely twice as long as the second ; third twice 
as long as the first ; fourth to sixth successively and gradually 
longer; third to eleventh covered with a short pubescence. 
Mesonotum canahculate along the middle ; without stridulatory 
area. Prothorax slightly transverse ; its lateral margin in the 
form of a carina extends to a greater or less distance from the 
base and at some distance from the outer angle of the coxal 



56 CEEvAMBYCID^. 

cavity. Elytra bi'oader than the prothorax, nearly three times as 
long as their width across the base, narrowed and rounded at the 
apex, furnished above with some feebly raised lines. Legs rather 
long ; the femora fringed with hairs beneath ; tarsi somewhat long, 
with the first joint as long as the second and third united, and the 
cleft of the third not extended past the middle. Intercoxal process 
of prosternum strongly raised, vertical and very narrow behind,, 
not resting on the niesosternum ; that of the mesosternum narrow 
and triangular, not separating the coxae behind. 

2 . Broader and more robust than the male, with the elytra 
relatively shorter, and the antenna; slender and much shorter 
than the bodv. 



51. Doesus telephoroides, Fasc Joum. Ent. \, p. 367 (18G2). 

5 . Head and prothorax reddish testaceous in colour, the elytra, 
legs, and underside yellowish-testaceous ; covered above with a 
short rather faint greyish pubescence. Antenna? with the third 
to tenth joints rather feebly angulate at the apex on the anterior 
side. Prothorax with its lateral margins extended from the base 
to a little in front of the middle of each side ; the pronotum 
sparsely and finely punctured in the middle, more closely at the 
sides. Elytra closely and rather finely punctured, covered with 
faint greyish pubescence and furnished with some very feebly 
raised longitudinal costae. Body beneath pubescent ; apex of last 
ventral segment very feebly sinuate in the middle. The femora have 
each a channel beneath filled with pale tawny or greyish hairs that 
form a fringe. 

5 . Not known. 

Length 13-15 ; hreadili 3-3| mm. 
Hah. Central Provinces : Jabalpur. 

52. Doesus taprobanicus, sp. n. 

6 . Head, prothorax and base of the elytra reddish testaceous 
in colour, the remaining parts of a paler, yellowish-testaceous 
covered with a faint greyish-tawny pubescence. Antennae A\ith 
the third to eighth joints rather strongly angulate at the apex on 
the anterior side. Prothorax with its lateral margins extended 
from the base not quite up to the middle of each side ; pronotum 
closely and finely punctured all over. Elytra closely punctured, 
broad at the base, strongly narrowed toAAards the middle, thence 
to the apex more gi'adually narrowed ; each with two fairlv 
distinct dorsal costae and one or two feebly raised nearly obsolete 
lateral costae. The femora have each a channel and fringe of hairs 
beneath. Last ventral segment rounded at the apex. 

From B. telej>7ioroi(Ies, Pasc, this species is distinguishable bv 
its more strongly serrate antennae, shorter prothoracic lateral 
carinse, more closely punctured pronotum and by its elytra that 



PHILUS. 



57 



are relatively broader at the base, narrower in tlie middle and 
more? distinctly costate above. 

Length 20 ; breadth 5 mm. 

Hah. Ceylon (in coll. Oherthilr). 

Genus PHILUS. 

Philus, Saunders, Trans. Ent. Soc. (2) ii, p. 110 (1853) ; Lacord. 
Geji. Coleopt. viii, p. 159 (1869). 

Type, P. antennatus, Gyllenh., a species from China. 

Range. China, Northern India and Malay Peninsula. 

Mesouotum with a stridulatory area, which is divided by a 
median line or groove. lu other respects the eenus agrees with 
Doesus, Pasc. The species as a rule are somewhat larger than 
those of the latter genus and have the lateral margins of the 
prothoras fairly well-developed. Bat the single species that 
occurs in India is smaller and narrower than the others and ha& 
no trace of a lateral margin to the prothorax. 

53. Philus globulicollis, Tho7ns. Essai Classif. Ceramh. p. 298 (18G1). 

(S . Head, prothorax and base of elytra reddish-testaceous, the 
rest of the body and elytra yellowish-testaceous or fulvous in 
colour ; covered above with a very short pale tawny pubescence ; 
the underside sparsely pubescent. Head closely punctate. Antennae- 
about one-fifth longer than the body ; the joints from the third 
to the tenth acutely augulate at the apex 
on the anterior side, the third and fourth 
somewhat less acutely so than the others. 
Prothorax slightly transverse, subcylindrical, 
a little rounded at the middle of each side 
and without lateral margins ; the notum very 
closely punctured at the sides, somewhat 
less closely in the middle. Elyti-a densely 
punctured, much broader than the prothorax 
and three times as long as broad ; each with 
two very feebly raised dorsal lines. Hind 
femora and hind coxae with a channel and 
thick fringe of hairs beneath ; middle femora 
with a short channel and thick fringe of hairs 
near the base ; the front femora flattened or 
slightly concave beneath, with a sparse fringe 
of hairs at each side. Third joint of tarsi 
cleft to the middle. Last ventral segment 
truncate at the apex. 
2 • Like the male in form ; the antennae slender, not reaching 
past the middle of the elytra ; the femora not channelled nor 
fringed with hairs beneath ; the last ventral segment rounded at 
the apex. 

Length 21-22 ; breadth 5^ mm. 
Hab. Northern India. 




Fig. 2\.—PlHlugfflo- 
hiilicollis, Thorns., (j". 



58 



CEEAMBTCID^. 



Subfamily II. DISTENIIN^. 

Group Disteniides, Lacord. Gen. CoUopt. ix, p. 225 (1869). 
Tribe Disteniini, Leconte ^ Horn, Classif. Col. N. Amer. p. 307 
(1883). 

Head elongated, more or less gradually narrowed behind the 
eyes ; the latter transverse, feebly einarginate or entire ; front 
vertical and very short, almost limited to the transversely raised 
antennal supports ; clypeus oblique ; mandibles with truncate or 
scalpriform apical edge; gala produced anteriorly between the 
bases of the maxillae so that it forms a distinct mentigerous 
process ; ligula corneous. Antennte inserted before the eyes, close 
to the base of the mandibles. Front coxae large, globular, their 
acetabula usually open behind and, except in Cijrtonops, not 
angulate on the outer side, the epimera having coalesced with the 
prosternum to form a suture. Acetabula of middle coxae closed 
or, exceptionally, open on the outer side. Episterna of metathorax 
very narrow, gradually attenuated behind. Middle tibi® most 
frequently with an oblique notch on the lower part of the outer 
border. Wing-venation of the Lepturine type, always «'ithout a 
cell in the course of vein A 1. 

The Distenihw, though placed by Lacordaire as a group among 
the Ceramhycides, were given a prominent position in bis arrange- 
ment of that subfamily, in which also he included the Lephirince. 
Leconte & Horn (Classif. Col. jV. America), while retaining them 
also in the Cerambycince as one of their Lepturoid tribes, have 
suggested that they are a primitive group, a suggestion arising 
from a consideration of the structure of Distenia, one of the most 
specialised of the genera in the group. The relationship between 
the Disteniino' and the Lepturime is, no doubt, a close one, but the 
differences between them are at the same time so strong that I 
find a difficulty in placing them both in the same subfamily, and 
therefore treat the Disteniince as a subfamily in themselves. The 
genera are few in number, and, with the exception of Cyrtonops 
and Dynamostes, are all very closely related. 

Synojjsis of the Genera. 

A. Antennae shorter than the body ; not furnished 

with long- close-lying bans beneath. 

a. Acetabula of front coxa9 angulate outwards, 

open behind Cyrtonops, p. -39. 

b. Acetabula of front coxae rounded, closed 

behind Dynamostes, p. 61. 

B. Antennae as long at least as the body and 

generally much longer ; furnished beneath 
with very long close-lying hairs, 
a. Eyes somewhat coarsely facetted ; femora 
fusiform or subcvlindrical. 



CYB.TOKOPS. 



59 



a'. Femora subcylindrical ; first joint of hiud 

tarsi longer than the second and tliird 

united. 

a-. Femora rather stout, the hind pair not 

reaching to tlie apex of the elytra; 

prothorax not striate Distenia, p. 62. 

b-. Femora slender, the hind pair reaching 
to the apex of the elytra; prothorax 

transversely striate in part Typodryas, p. bo. 

b'. Femora fusiform ; first joint of liind tarsus 
shorter than the second and third 

united Melegena, p. 66. 

b. Eyes rather finely facetted ; femora clavate . Nericonia, p. 67. 



Geuus CYRTONOPS. 

Cyrtonops, WMte, Cat. Coleopt. B. M., Longic. p. 32 (1853). 
Cladopalpus, Lansh. Notes Leyd. Mus. viii, p. 35 (1886). 

Type, G. jmnctipennis, White. 

Range. Northern India, Burma, Tonkin, Siara, Sumatra and 

Java. , 

S. Head strongly exserted, gradually narrowed backwards 
from the eyes ; eyes"trausverse, large and prominent, with feebly 
sinuate front margin ; front very short ; clypeus short, transverse, 
submembranous near its front marghi ; mandibles stout, abruptly 
incurved below, with sharp subtruncate or bidentate apical edge ; 
maxilla? bilobed, their palpi very long, with the second joint live 
or six times as long as the first, the third very short, the fourth 
nearly as long as the second and furnished with a long bent ramus 
arising near its base ; labial palpi short, with thickened terminal 
joint ; mentigerous process of submentum distinct and rather 
"long. Antennte inserted very close to the base of the mandibles, 
extended some distance beyond the middle of the elytra, sparsely 
pubescent ; first joint as long as the head, slightly curved, gradually 
thickened towards the apex ; third shorter than first and slightly 
longer than fourth ; fourth to eleventh subequal in length but 
successively narrower. Prothorax with a short conical tubercle on 
each side. Mesonotum with stridulatory area, divided by a median 
groove. Elytra gradually but slightly narrowing backwards, 
rounded at the apex, very strongly subseriately punctured. Legs 
moderately long, with strongly thickened femora, the hind pair 
longer and thicker than the others and either denticulate or 
spinulose beneath ; tarsi rather broad, the third joint not cleft 
down the middle, but deeply channelled above, with the minute 
fourth joint inserted in the normal position at its base. Front 
coxa) slightly angulate on the outer side, rounded and almost 
contiguous on the inner, the prosternal process very short 
and the coxce separated only by a thin vertical plate; their 
acetabula open behind. Acetabula of middle coxae extend to 



60 CEEAMBTCID^. 

the epimera. Metathoracic episterna very narrow, acuminate 
posteriorly. 

2 . Maxillary palpi normal, but with the second joint relatively 
long. Anteinife a little shorter than in the male, and the hind 
femora less thickened. 



5i. Cyrtonops punctipennis, B'kife, Cat. Coleopt. B. M., Lonyic. 
p. 33, pi. 2, f. 3 (1853). 
Cladopalpus hageni, Lansh. Notes Leycl. Mus. viii, p. 36 (1886) ; 
Van de Poll, Notes Leyd. Mus. xii, p. 141 (1890). 

Varying from cinnamon-brown to dark brown in colour, glossy, 
sparsely furnished with short, erect, tawny setae. Head and pro- 
thorax closely, subrugosely punctured, the disc of the prothorax 
with one or two small, smooth, impunctate spaces. Elytra very 
strongly punctured ; the punctures arranged in more or less 
regular rows on the outer part of the disc, with narrow sub- 
costiform inter\als between some of the rows ; the interstices 
between the large punctures sparsely covered with minute 
setigerous punctures. Legs darker at the knees, sometimes 
entirely dark brown ; hind femora not very much thicker than 
the front ones, slightly denticulate along each side of the lower 
face. 

Lenrjth 18-25 ; breadth 5-7 mm. 

Hah. Himalayas ; Assam ; Burma ; Sumatra. 

C. hageni, Lansb., from Sumatra, is here given as a synonym on 
the authority of Van de Poll. 



55. Cyrtonops nigra, sp. u. 

S . Black and glossy. Head closely rugosely punctured, 
impressed with a distinct median groove that extends from the 
clypeus to the occiput. Prothorax closely rugosely punctate, but 
with a small, smooth, feebly raised tubercle 
a little in front of the middle of the base. 
Elytra very strongly jninctured, the punctures 
ui more or less regular rows along the disc, 
somewhat irregularly placed on the sides, the 
interstices sparsely covered with minute seti- 
gei'ous punctures ; each with one or two distinct 
costae, the inner costa, when present, lying 
between the second and third rows of punctures, 
the outer one between the fourth and fifth 
rows. Hind femora very much thicker than 
the others and strongly toothed along each 

iiiyta, a , o . 'XJiis species is readily distinguishable from 

C. punctiiHnnis, White, by its black colour and the much 




DYNAMOSTES. 



61 



thicker and more strongly denticulate hind femora of the 
male. 

Length 13-18; breadth 4-5 mm. 

Hah. Manipur (Dohertij). 

Genus DYNAMOSTES. 

Dvnamostes, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (2) iv, p. 90, pi. 22, fig. 1 (1857) ; 
'Lacord. Geii. Coleopt. viii, p. 19G (1869). 

Type, D. audax, Paso. 
Eanc/e. Sikhim and Manipur. 

c? . Head elongated behind the eyes and gradually narrowed 
backwards, but becoming parallel-sided, thus forming a sort of 
neck near the occiput ; eyes transverse, smaller and less promment 
than in Cyrtonops ; mandibles with a truncate but rather short 
edge at the apex, each with an inner tooth between the middle 
and base ; maxillary palpi normal, longer than the labial ; sub- 
meutum short but distinct. Antennae inserted very close to the 
base of the mandibles, extended to the middle of the elytra, 
sparsely pubescent ; first joint not more than half as long as the 
head, slightly curved, gradually thickened towards the apex; 
third pint nodose at the apes, shorter than the fourth ; fourth 
to eleventh subcanahculate beneath. Prothorax subcylindncal, 
longer than broad, slightly rounded at the sides. Mesonotum 
with stridulatory area divided by a median impressed line. 
Elytra strouglv punctured in longitudinal rows. Pemora strongly 
thickened, the hind pair much longer, and thicker than the others ; 
tibia; sharply angulate at the apex on the outer side, the middle 
pair with a "sinus, thickly beset with setae on the outer margin 
below the middle, the hind pair deeply notched on the inner 
side close to the apex. Prosteruum moderately broad between 
the coxce, dilated behind to meet the epimera, the acetabula, which 
are rounded on the outer side, are thus completely closed behind. 
Mesothoracic epimera shut off from the acetabula by a lateral 
prolougatiou of the metasternum. Episterna of inetathorax very 
narrow, acuminate behind. 

This remarkable genus, of which only a single species is known, 
constituted one of Lacordaire's tribes of " Aberrant Cerambycides," 
But, like C>irtonops, it falls naturally enough into the Dlsteaimce 
and'in some respects agrees even better than Cyrtonops with the 
general characters of that subfamily. 

56. Dynamostes audax, P^sc. Trans. Ent. Soc. (2) iv, p. 90, pi. 22, 

fig. 1 (1857) ; Lacord. Gen. Coleopt. viii, p. 197 (1869). 

Of a o-lossy chestnut-brown colour, somewhat darker above 
and more^'reddish beneath. Head strongly but not thickly punc- 
tured above. The antennoe do nob reach beyond the middle of the 



62 



CEEAMBTCIDiE. 




elytra ; first joint stout, strongly punctured and sparsely ciliate ; 
third shorter than the fourth, slightly 
nodose at the apex ; fourth to tenth sub- 
equa.1 in length, eleventh longer than the 
tenth ; each joint from the fifth or sixth 
with a feeble longitudinal channel in front 
and another behind near the lower border. 
Prothorax with a broad dark channel or 
depression along the middle bearing four 
or five longitudinal ridges ; the sides red- 
dish, strongly rugose-punctate, furnished 
like the head with some longish setae. 
Elytra sparsely setose, each with two 
dorsal carinae and one lateral, also about 
eight rows of strong punctures, some of 
the rows long, some short, the intervals 
between them shghtly i-aised; none of 
the rows or carinae extend to the apex ; 
apical part closely and very finely punctulate. Apex of femora 
and base of tibiae blacldsh ; femora with large sparse punctures, 
the hind pair asperate beneath. 

This is a very rare species, of which I have seen only three 
examples, two in the collection of M. Eene Oberthiir and one in 
the collection of Mr. Fry. In the smaller specimen, from Ivurseong 
in Sikhim, the antennae extend to the middle of the elytra, while 
in the larger one, ticketed "India" and probably the type, they 
do not extend beyond the anterior third of the elytra. The 
difference is probably sexual. 
Length 16-22 mm. 
Hah. Sikhim ; Manipur. 



Fig. 23. 
Di/naoiiostes audax, Pasc. 



Genus DISTENIA. 

Distenia, Serville, Encycl.Meth. x, p. 485 (1825) ; id. Ann. Soc. JEnt. 

Fr. 1835, p. 207 ; Lacord. Gen. CoUojyt. ix, p. 227. 
Apheles, Blessig, Hor. Soc. Eni. Boss, ix, p. 1G5 (1872). 
Sakuntala; Lameere, C. R. Soc. Ent. Behj. 1890, p. ccxiii. 

Type, B. columbina, Serv., a South-American species. 

Hange. Keotropical, African and Oriental Eegions; represented 
also in North America by one species and in East Siberia and 
Japan by another. 

Head strongly exserted, graduall)' narrowed behind the eyes, 
which are rather large, transverse, coarsely facetted and broadly 
but not deeply emarginate in front ; front very short, vertical ; 
clypeus oblique, ante-clypeus membranous; labrum large; man- 
dibles rather short, abru])tly incurved to\\ards and a^ ith scalpriform 
edge at the apex ; maxillary palpi much longer than the 
labial, the last joint more or less triangular in form ; gula convex 
in the middle, transversely depressed in front and produced 
so as to form a distinct mentigerous process. Antennae much 



DISTENIA. 



63 



longer than the body, inserted on the head very close to the base 
of the mandibles; first joint long, slightly curved, gradually 
thickened towards the apex ; second very short ; third to sixth or 
seventh subequal, the others gradually diminishing in length, each 
narrow and cylindrical, slightly thickened at the apex, t^urn'ished 
beneath with some long fine hairs that usually lie flat alojig a 
narrow channel but sometimes project and form a delicate fringe 
especially near the apex of the joint. Protliorax not longer than 
broad, slightly constricted and transverselv grooved near base and 
apex, acutely tuberculate at the middle of each side. Mesonotum 
Avith stridulatory area divided by a median line. Scutellum rounded 
at apex. Elytra elongate, gradually retracted behind. Legs 
rather long ; femora gradually thickened for about two-thirds of 
their length from the base, narrowed again towards the apex the 
hind pair not reaching to the apex of the elytra ; middle t'ibi^ 
marked with an oblique notch or groove on the' outer face not far 
from the apex ; first joint of hind tarsus longer than the next two 
united ; third joint of tarsus cleft almost to the base ; claw-ioint 
long, i^ont COX03 rounded, with their acetabula open posteriorly - 
acetabula of middle coxae very narrowly open to the epimera' 
sometimes closed: episterna of metathorax narrow, o-i-adually 
attenuated posteriorly. ^ 

57. Distenia kalidasae, Lameere (Sakuntala), C, H, Soc. Eut Belq 
1890, p. ccxiv. ■ •'' 

Body and legs black, the elytra dark metallic green, rather 
densely covered with a short gi-eyish-tawny pubescence.' Head 
densely and very finely punctulate, marked on the vertex with a 

median impressed line which extends 
forwards to the clypeus, the latter 
with its front margin raised and 
arcuate, the ante-clypeus yellow and 
glossy. Prothorax densely and very 
finely punctulate, with a "few larger 
punctures scattered here and there ; 
disc with a faint tubercle on each 
side just in front of the basal trans- 
verse groove. Elytra much wider 
at the base than the base of the 
prothorax, narrowed backwards from 
the base, subacuminate at the apex, 
each ending in a single median spine ; 
disc of each marked with four or 
five unequal rows of strong well- 
separated punctures on the basal 
half, the side with some similar 
irregularly scattered punctures. In 
the male the head is relatively much 
larger than in the female, the an- 
tennae nearly twice as long as the body, the legs stouter with the 




24. — Bitten la kcdidcifce, 
Lameere, cJ . 



64 cerambycib;e. 

hind femora I'eaching nearly to the apex of the elytra and the 
last ventral segment feebly sinuately emarginate at the apex. In 
the female the antennae and legs are shorter and the last ventral 
segment is sharply rounded at the apex. 

Length 23-28 ; breadth 5-6 mm. 

Hab. N. India : Allahabad. 

58. Distenia dohertii, sp. ii. 

Black, the elytra, antennae, and legs of a more or less brownish 
testaceous colour, all covered with a short yellowish-grey pubes- 
cence. Ante-clypeus yellow and glossy. Autennse of female 
.ibout one-fifth longer than the body. Prothorax with four feeble 
tubercles on the disc, without punctures excepting the very 
minute ones from which the pubescence arises. Elytra marked 
with some dai'k lines, along which are placed rows of strong 
and rather widely separated punctures — two rows on the disc 
of each and two on each side, with a few scattered punctures on 
the intervals between the rows, a few also near the apex ; the 
punctures in each row are somewhat closer together near the base 
and become wider apart the farther they are from it ; each elytron 
is emarginate at the apex and armed with a longer sutural and 
shorter outer spine, and in addition has a dorso-lateral raised line 
that extends backwards from the humeral depression and dis- 
appears a little beyond the middle. Body beneath somewhat 
ferruginous, the hind borders of the abdominal segments blackish. 
Legs brownish, the apex of the femora and tibias black ; femora 
of the female but slightly thickened, much less so than in the 
same sex of D. Icalidasce. 

Length 22 ; breadth 5 mm. 

Hab. Manipur {Doherty). 

59. Distenia dravidiana, sp. n. 

Head, prothorax and underside of body dark metallic blue, 
rather thinly covered with grey pubescence ; elytra light brown, 
tinged in places with blue, with a covering of short grey pubes- 
cence ; legs and first antennal joint reddish yellow, the rest of the 
antennte black. Antennae of male twice as long as the body : 
first joint rather long, gradually and not strongly thickened towards 
the apex ; third joint about one-sixth longer than the first. Pro- 
thorax one-third longer than its width across the base, very 
minutely punctulate, armed with an acutely pointed tubercle on 
each side. Elytra strongly and rather densely punctured, the 
punctures somewhat irregular on the sides, arranged in rows 
above to the number of seven on each elytron ; the ro\AS extend 
from the base, some to the middle, others to a short distance 
beyond it ; apex of each elytron truncate and bispinose. Legs 
long ; femora subcylindrical, the hind pair extending to the apex of 
the elytra. 



TYPODBYAS. 



65 



lu the length of tlie prothorax, first antennal joint, and hind 
femora, this species very closely approaches the genus Tirpodnjas. 
Length 122; breadth 4| mm. 
Hub. Nilgiri Hills (//. L. Andrewes). 



Genus TYPODRYAS. 

Typodryns, Thorns. Si/st. Ceramb. p. 227 (1864) ; Laeord. Gen. 

Coleopt. ix, p. 228 (18G9). 
Psalanta, Pascoe, Tram. Ent. Soc. (3) iii, p. Go8 (1869). 

Type, 2\ callichromoides, Thoms. 

Range. Assam, Malay Peninsula, Java, and Borneo. 

The species of this genus have a characteristic metallic-blue or 
green colour, hut diifer only very slightly in structure from those 
of Distenla. The protliorax is one-tlurd longer than broad, and 
is ti-ansversely striated near the hase and apex and to a less degree 
near the sides ; the femora are longer, more slender and cyUn- 
drical t])an in Distenia, the hind pair of the male reaching a little 
beyond the apex of the elytra in most of the species. 

GO. Typodryas callichromoides, Thoms. Syst. Ceramb. p. 227 (1864). 

Of a metallic-green or blue colour, the elytra with a sutural 
band of a different tint — usually violaceous or blue. Head 
transversely rugulose above behind the eyes, impressed on the 

vertex with a median line. Antennae 
twice as long as the body in the 
male, less than twice as long in the 
female, the long hairs with which 
they are furnished beneath some- 
times to be seen, freely projecting, 
especially in the female. Prothorax 
rather strongly constricted and broadly 
grooved near the apex, marked with 
a sinuate groove near the base, 
finely striated transversely in front of 
the anterior groove and behind the 
posterior groove, the disc slightly 
depressed in the middle, feebly raised 
and transversely wrinkled towards the 
sides. Elytra cut away obliquely at 
the apex, each being more prolonged 
aud rather strongly spined at the 
outer angle and feebly dentate at the 
siiture ; each has two raised dorsal 
lines not extending to the apex, the 
outer line more distinct, marked with two rows of strong closely 
placed punctures between the two lines, two rows between 
the inner line and tlie suture and another row external to the 
outer line ; the side in its anterior half is densely aud less 

TOL. I. F 




Fig. 25. — Typodrijas 
rallichromoide.^, Thorns., cj'. 



60 CBllAMBYCID.^. 

regularh" punctured ; the rows of punctiu'es of unequal length, 
some extending a little beyond the middle of the elytra, others 
not reaching to the middle. The hind femora extend a little past 
the apex of the elytra in the male, but do not quite reach to the 
apex in the female. Apex of last ventral segment subtruncate in 
the male, rounded in the female. 

Length 20-26 : hreadth 4-5 mm. 

Hah. Assam : Sylhet and Sudiya. 

61. Typodryas trochanterius, sp. n. 

MetaUic green, subnitid, with a steel-blue sutural band on the 
elytra ; legs and base of antennae dark blue, the rest of the 
antennae of a darker violaceous tinr. Closely resembling T. calli- 
chromoides. Thorns., in colour, this species is smaller in size ; with 
the elytra less oblique at the apex, the sutural tooth more distinct 
and the dorsal lines more faintly raised ; the prothorax less deeply 
constricted and grooved near the apex, the disc very faintly 
depressed in the middle and less strongly wrinkled to\Aards the 
sides so that the median area is not distinctly marked off from 
the lateral parts ; the hind femora shorter, not reaching quite to 
the apex of the elytra in the male ; this sex differs also from the 
same sex of calllcJu-omoides in the trochanters of the front legs, 
which are each armed with a sliort spine at the apex. The female 
is without these spines and has the last ventral segment i-ounded 
at the apex instead of subtruncate ; the sexual difference in the 
length of the antennae and hind legs is very slight. 

LengtJi 14-20 ; breadth 2 i-4 mm. 

Bab. Assam : Patkai Mts. and Assam Yalley {Doherty). 



Genus MELEGENA. 
Melegena, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (3) iii, p. 659 (1809), 

Type, M. puhipennis, Pasc, a species from Borneo. 

Range. India, Cochin China, and Borneo. 

Agrees in form and most points of structure with Distenia, 
Serv., but differs as follows : — femora strongly tliickened so as to 
form a more or less distinct fusiform club, the hind femora similar 
in form to the anterior ones, but slightly longer; first joint of 
the hind tarsus not so long as the second and third united. 

62, Melegena flavipes, sp. n. 

Blackish brown ; the legs, the first joint of the antenna?, 
the w hole of the front of the head and the palpi pale yello\A' ; 
the abdomen ferruginous ; the elytra faintly covered \^■ith greyish 
pubescence. Head gradually narrowed from the eyes to the 
occiput, finely and closely but somewhat unevenly punctidate. 
Prothorax finely and very densely punctulate. Elytra rounded 
and unarmed at the apex, rather densely punctured except 



NERICONIA. 67 

on the apical third, tlie punctures more densely but somewhat 
irregularly placed on the inner part of the disc, forming two rows 
ou the outer ])art of the disc, also subseriately arranged on the 
sides, with scattered punctures between the rows. In the male 
the antenna) are nearly twice as long as the body, the hind femora 
do not [extend beyond the fonrth abdominal segment and the 
last ventral segment is truncate at the apex. Eemale unknown. 

Length 11 1 ; hreadth 2^ mm. 

Hah. Bombay. 

Genus NERICONIA. 
Nericonia, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (3) iii, p, 657 (1869). 

Type, iV. tnfasciata, Pasc, a species found in Borneo. 

Hanr/e. Burma, Malay Peninsula and Borneo. 

Eyes rather finely facetted. Antennre longer than the body by 
from one-third to half their length ; the third joint equal to the 
first or fourth or sliglitly shorter. Prothorax armed with a 
strong but somewhat h\nnt tubercle on each side, constricted 
and transversely grooved near the apex, marked also with a 
less distinct transverse groove near the base. Elytra narrowly 
rounded and unarmed at the apex ; marked above, except near 
the apex, with rows of strong punctures. Legs moderately long ; 
the femora pedunculate at base, more or less abruptly clubbed 
near the apex, the hind pair not reaching to the apex of the 
elytra ; tarsi rather short ; the first joint in the hind tarsi 
not longer than the second and third united, sometimes much 
shorter. 

63. Nericonia nigra, Gahmi, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genov. xxxiv p 30 
(1894). 

Black, for the most part dull, furnished sparsely with longish 
suberect seta? ; femora yellowish white at the base. Head 
above, prothorax and tirst antennal joint minutely and very 
closely punctured, the punctures on the median part of the 
pronotum run together in a longitudinal direction and impart 
to it a slightly rugose appearance. Ehtra with strong somewhat 
transversely elongated punctures arranged in four rows ou each 
extending from the base to the apical sixth part, the punctures 
of the innermost row less strong than those of the other three 
rows ; the hues between the rows slightly raised ; apical sixth 
part and the interstices between the large punctures of the 
anterior five-sixths very minutely and closely punctulate, covered 
with a very faint blackish-brown pubescence. Legs, except at the 
base, black, subnitid, sparsely setose. Antennoe ( 5 ?) nearly twice 
as long as the body, covered with very short pubescence, furnished 
with the usual long, close-lyiog, hairs beneath ; the third joint 
about equal in length to the fourth. 

Lenc/th 8 mm. 

Ilab. Burma: Karen Hills (jPea), 

¥2 



68 cekambycidjE. 

Subfamily III. LEPTURIN^. 

Head either gradually or abruptly narrowed posteriorly, with a 
more or less distinct neck ; gula produced between the bases of 
tlie maxillae forms a meutigerous process, which is, as a general 
rule, very distinct and exceptionally only very short ; ligula mem- 
branous or coriaceous, usually bilobed or emarginate. Antennae 
inserted before or between the eyes, generally at some distance 
from them, sometimes contiguous to their lower lobes. Prothorax 
not marginate at the sides. Mesonotum usually with a stridulatory 
area, which is sometimes absent, but when present it is in most 
cases divided by a smooth median line or groove. Front coxae 
prominent, usually somewhat conical in form, always laterally 
produced, with their acetabula more or less strongly angulated on 
the outer side. Acetabula of middle coxae widely open to the 
epimera. Episterna of metathorax as a rule rather broad in front, 
gradually narrowed posteriorly. First ventral segment of the 
abdomen little or not at all longer than the second. Wing- 
venation variable ; sometimes of the type represented in fig. 5 
(Intro.), more often a modification of that type in which the cell 
has disappeared from the first anal vein. 

The Lepturince can be with little difiiculty distinguished from 
both the Prioninoi and DisteniiiKe, but the differences between the 
LejJturina' and the Ceramhycincn are less strongly marked, at least 
in the imago ; in certain doubtful cases it is not easy to decide 
to which of the two a genus should be referred. One of the chief 
reasons for regarding the Lepturince as a subfamily distinct from 
the Ceramhycince is to be found in the structure of their larvae. 
In these the pleurae or side-pieces of the head are dehiscent 
behind the epistoma (or clypeus) and angulated at the end, 
whereas in the larvae of Ceramhjcince they meet together up to 
the apex and are separately rounded behind. In the Lepturine 
larvae also, the head is less invaginated in the prothorax and the 
legs are moi'e slender and not so short as they are in the larvae of 
other Longicornes. Unfortunately ho\\ever, as the larvae of only 
a relatively small number of the different forms are known, these 
structural characters can seldom be resorted to in order to decide 
upon the affinities of a genus. 

Syno2isis of the Genera, 

A. Eyes coarsely facetted. 

a. Winged in both sexes ; metathorax nor- 
mal ; eyes usually large aud more or 
less emarginate. 
a'. Prothorax tuberculate or spined at 
the sides ; antennae not contiguous 
to eyes. 
a'-. First antennal joint not reaching 
to front margin of prothorax. 
(t^. Antenna; serrate, shorter than 

the body in 5 Apatophysis, p. G9. 

h^. .Vntenna; not serrate, longer 

than the body in 5 Peithoxa, p. 71. 



APATOPHYSIS. 69 

b'. First antennal joint re.ncliing to 

front margin of protliorax or 

bevoud. 

a'. Genfe long; first antennal joint 

reaching beyond front margin 

of prothorax Capnolymma, p. 73. 

b^. Geupe shorter ; first antennal 
joint not reaching beyond front 

margin of protliorax Apiocephalus, p. 74. 

b'. Protliorax not tuberculate at sides; 

antenna} contiguons to eyes Oaraphia, p. 75. 

b. Apterous in both sexes ; metathorax 

very short ; eyes small, entire Teledapus, p. 77. 

B. Eyes finely facetted. 

a. Prothorax tuberculate at the sides .... Oxymirus, p. 78. 

b. Prothorax not tuberculate at the sides. 
a'. Head gradually narrowed behind; 

eyes entire ; elytra with short spine 

near each shoulder Rhondia, p. 79. 

b'. Head abruptly narrowed behind : eyes 
emarginate ; elytra without humeral 
spine. 
a^. Hind tarsi very long and slender, 
with first joint longer than re- 
maining joints united. 
a^. Antennne not broadly dilated, 

nor strongly serrated LeptL'RA, p. 81. 

b'. Antenn:e broadly dilated, strong- 
ly serrated Ephies, p. 87. 

b-. Hind tarsi not very long, first 
joint shorter than second and 
third united ; elytra dilated be- 
hind and rounded at the apex . . Pyrocalymsia, p. 88. 

Genus APATOPHYSIS. 

Apatophvsis, C/ieirolat, Rev. et Mag. de Zool. 1860. p. 304 ; Lacord. 
Gen. Coleopt. ix, p. 234 (1869). 

Type, A. toocotoides, Chevr., a, species from Algeriii. 

Mange. North Africa, Turkestan, Persia, Balucliistau, Kashmii*, 
Tibet and China. 

(S . Head exserted, narrowed very slightly from behind the 
eyes ; eyes large, transverse, extending on to the ventral surface, 
coarsely facetted, more or less emarginate in front ; front short 
subvertical ; antennal supports slightly raised, the sockets facing 
outwards ; gula produced anteriorly forms a sliort mentigerous 
process. Antennae longer than the body ; first joint slightly 
curved, gradually thickened towards apex, not reaching past the 
hind border of the eye ; third shorter than the fourth, which is 
shorter than the fifth ; fifth to tenth subequal, compressed to a sharp 
edge in front and angulate at the apex ; eleventh longer than the 
tenth. Prothorax witli a more or less acute tubercle on each 
side and some feebly raised tubercles on the disc. Mesonotuui 
with undivided stridulatory area. Elytra much broader than the 
prothorax, more than twice as long as their width aci'oss the 



70 



CEEAMByCID^. 



base, gradually narrowed posteriorly, each sharply rounded at the 
apex. Legs rather long ; femora subUnear, the hind pair not 
reaching to tlie apex of the elytra ; tarsi long, with joints first to 
third successively shorter, the third narrowly and not deeply 
bilobed, the claw-joint long. Front coxae prominent, transverse ; 
the prosternal process between them very narrow, but dilated 
behind so as almost to meet the epimera. Episterna of meta- 
thorax broad in front, gradually narrowed posteriorly, obtuse at 
the apex. 

2 . Relatively shorter, broader and less pubescent than the 
male. Antennae sliorter than the body. Elytra shortened so as to 
leave the last one or two segments of the abdomen uncovered, 
broadly rounded at the apex. Intercoxal process of first abdominal 
segment obtusely rounded or subtruncate in front in the type, 
acutely augulate in other species. 

Wings present in both sexes. Venation variable. In the type 
species the first cubital is bifurcate posteriorly and the second 
cubital is wanting ; in A. hashminana the first cubital does not 
bifurcate, the second cubital is present and is joined by a transverse 
vein with the first cubital and is also joined with the first anal. 



64. Apatophysis kashmiriaiia, Semenoiv, Revue Russe (TEntom. i, 
p. 29 (1901). 

Varies from reddish brown to brownish black in the colour of 
the derm, rather densely covered witli yellowish grey or fawn- 
coloured pubescence. Antennae of 6 
about one-fourth longer than the body ; 
joints from the third compressed ; sixth to 
^ //_r- s tenth acutangulate anteriorly at the apex, 

Tl zi^^f*^^^^^^ ^^^^^ rectangulate, fourth obtuse ; second 

"^ -N-^N^ ^^^ third scarcely as long as the first, dis- 

tinctly shorter than the fourth ; fifth nearly 
as long as the third and fourth united. 
Prothorax with a sharp, slightly upturned 
tubercle on each side and five feeble 
obtuse tubercles on the disc — two before 
the middle and three near the base ; 
finely punctulate, with a few sparse 
granules at the sides behind the lateral 
tubercles. Elytra somewhat sparsely 
punctate from the base to the apical third. 
Third joint of tarsi cleft to the middle, its 
lobes a little wider than in other species of 
the genus. 
The female is shorter and broader than the male and less 
pubescent ; the antennae extend very little beyond the middle of 
the elytra, with the fourth joint scarcely longer than the third, and 
the fifth but little longer than the fourth ; the elytra do not com- 
pletely cover the abdomen, but lea^'e the greater part of tlie pygidium 




Fig. 2G. 

Apaiophi/sh Jcashm iriana, 

"Sem., S- 



PEITHONA, 71 

•exposed; the intercosal process of the first abdominal segmeut is 
acute and tlie hiud coxte scarcely more widely separated than they 
are in the male. 

Length 17-23 ; hreadtli 5-7 mm. 

Hob. Kashmir ; Punjab ; Western Tibet. 

%o. Apatophysis montana, sp. u. 

<S . Reddish brown, covered with short greyish pubescence; 
similar in form to the male of A. Icashmiriana, 8em., but relatively 
a little longer and narrower. Antennae with the second and third 
joints united not quite so long as the first, and about three- 
quarters of the length of the fourth joint, which itself is about 
three-quarters the length of the fifth. Prothorax with a rather 
obtuse conical tubercle on each side and five very feeble tubercles 
on the disc. Elytra rather sparsely punctate from the base to a 
little beyond the middle. Third joint of tarsi not cleft quite to 
the middle. Wing-venation as in A. Icashmiriana, Sem. 

5 . Unknown. 

Length 19 ; breadth 5g mm. 

Hah. Western Himalayas, between Gilgit and Xagy ( W. M. 
Conivai/). 

GQ. Apatophysis modica, sp. n. 

(S . Similar in colour to the males of the preceding two 
species; smaller; the eyes more closely approximated on the 
underside of the head and extending nearer to the genal edge. 
Antennae with the first eight joints united a little longer than 
the body ; third joint subequal in length to the first ; fourth 
distinctly longer than the second and third united ; the fifth 
equal in length to the fourth and half of the third. Prothorax 
with a feeble obtuse tubercle on each side and five on the disc. 
Elytra punctate, but not very distinctly so, from the base to the 
apex. Third joint of tarsi cleft not more than about a third 
•of the way to base, its lobes small and narrow. Wing-venation 
like that of the type species — A. toxotoides, Chevr. 

$ . Unknown. 

Length 13-14 ; breadth 4 mm. 

Hah. Baluchistan : Quetta ; Persia : Gulistan. 

Genus PEITHONA, g. n. 

Type, P. prionoideu, sp. n. 

Range. Sikhim. 

5 . Head gradually narrowed posteriorly ; antennae inserted be- 
fore the eyes and rather close to the base of the mandibles ; ej'es 
coarsely facetted, broadly and not deeply emarginate in front ; 
mentigerous process of gula rather short. Antennae slightly 
longer than the body ; first joint extending past the eyes by nearly 
■one-third of its length, slightly thickened at the apex ; third and 



72 



CERAMBYCID.E. 



succeeding joints narrow and subcyliudrical, not serrate at apex 
third slightly longer than the first or fourth and shorter than 
the fifth. Prothorax transverse, a little \\ idened just before the 
middle, armed there on each side with a sharp spine. Stridulatory 
area on mesonotum with a shallow groove or depression along 
the middle. Elytra broad, rather short, rounded at the apex, 
completely covering the abdomen posteriorly. Front coxse some- 
what transverse ; their acetabula strongly angulate ou the outer 
side and closed posteriorly. Legs siuiilar in length and form to 
those of Ajxitopliysis ; third tarsal joint cleft beyond the middle. 
Intercoxal process of abdomen narrow, somewhat sharp in front. 
Wing-venation differs from that of Oxymlrns by the absence of a 
cell from vein A 1. 

This genus is closely related to Apatophysis, Chev. ; it differs 
chiefly in the form and length of the antennae and the relative 
proportions of the first four or five joints, also in the more complete 
venation of its wings. The type species has a great resemblance 
in form to some of the Prionince, and at first sight might be 
mistaken for a species of that subfamily. 

67. Peithona prionoides, sp. n. 

Black ; bare of pubescence and dull above, very sparsely 
pubescent and somewhat nitid on the 
underside. Head strongly and very thickly 
punctured, except at the apex of the clypeus, 
along the channel between the antenual 
supports and over a slightly depressed area 
on the vertex, the last of these sparsely 
punctured, the other two impunctate. An- 
tennae subnitid ; fifth joint at the apex and 
the succeeding joints for the greater part of 
their length finely carinate in front, with 
an elongated poriferous pit on each side of 
the carina. Prothorax transverse ; strongly 
and very thickly punctured over the middle- 
of tiie disc, less thickly towards the sides, 
almost impunctate around the lateral spines. 
8cutellum broad, rounded behind, finely and 
rather densely punctate except near its 
base. Elytra i-ather strongly punctured, the 
punctures separated by distinct intervals ; 
each with two smooth dorsal lines. Epi- 
sterna and lateral borders of metasternum strongly but not thickly 
punctured ; the rest of the metasternum fine!)' and very sparsely 
punctate ; the abdomen almost as finely but less sparsely punctate ; 
the punctures both on the thorax and abdomen carry each a short 
pale hair. Eirst joint of hind tarsus as long as the second and 
third united. 

Length 23 ; hrcadtJi 10 mm. 

Hab. Sikhim (Jype, § , in coll. Oherthur). 




Fig. 27. 

Peithona prionoides, 

Gahan 



CAPXOLYMM.V. 



Geuus CAPNOLYMMA. 

Capnolymma, Pasc. Trans. Ent. Soc. (2) iv, p. 26o (1858) ; LacorcL 
Gen. Coleopi. viii, p. 433 (1869). 

Type, C. stifijia, Pasc, a species from Borneo. 

liange. Ceylou, Burma, Malacca, and Borneo. 

Head prolonged in front to form a muzzle ; narrowed gradually 
behind the eyes into a more or less distinct neck ; eyes pro- 
minent, coarsely facetted, feebly emarginate in front. Antennae 
inserted rather close together on the front at a distance from the 
eyes ; more than half as long again as the body in the S \ fii'st 
joint long, slightly curved, thickened at the apex ; tbird -joint 
subequal to the fourth, shorter than the fifth, or any of the 
succeeding joints. Prothorax with a small conical tubercle at 
the middle of each side, narrowed strongly in front, somewhat 
constricted near the apex, narrowed slightly towards the base. 
Elytra much broader at the base than the base of the prothorax, 
narrowing backwards from the shoulders, more or less obliquely 
truncate at the apex. Legs rather long, femora subfusiform in 
their distal halves ; first joint of hind tarsus much longer than the 
next two joints luiited. Intercoxal process of the prosteruum 
strongly arched and rather narrow in the middle, steeply sloped 
posteriorly and slightly dilated at the end, where it comes into 
contact with the epimera. 

08. Capnolymma cingalensis, sp. n. 

Dark brown ; varying to reddish brown on the abdomen, 
legs, and disc of the elytra ; covered rather densely beneath, 
sparingly above, with dark grey pubescence ; prothorax brownish 
above, marked with some lines of ashy- 
white pubescence — one median, dividing 
just before the middle so as to enclose 
a small lozenge -shaped area, from the 
lateral angles of which two slightly curved 
lines run backwards about half-way to the 
base of the prothorax ; scutellum covered 
densely with white pubescence. A.ntenu8& 
of S more than half as long again as the 
body ; first joint extending by about one- 
fourth of its length beyond the hind 
margin of the head, and inserted on the 
head at a distance of about one-fourth of 
its length from the front margin of the 
eye. Prothorax finely rugulose-punctate. 
Elytra closely and rather strongly punc- 
tured ; the apices truncate in a slightly 
oblique direction, unarmed ; the sides 
nearly black. 

Length 14 ; hreadih 5 mm. 

Hah. Ceylon, 




Fig. 28. 

Capnolymma cingalensis, 

Gahan, cj". X?. 



74 CEEAMBTCID^. 

This species is closely allied to C. capreola, Pasc, from Penang, 
and resembles it very much, but differs as follows : the antennae 
inserted at a shorter distance from the eyes, the prothorax very 
closely punctured instead of granulated. 

Genus APIOCEPHALUS. 

Apiocepbalus, Gahan, A. M. N. H. (7) ii, p. 42 (1898). 

Type. A. punctipennis, Gahan, a species from British East 
Africa. 

Range. East Africa and Xortliern India. 

(S . Head strongly, but somewhat gradually nai'rowed behind 
the eyes, with the posterior part forming a distinct neck ; eyes 
large, prominent, coarsely facetted, with a narrow and feeble 
emargination in front. Antennae inserted on the front at some 
distance from the eyes, longer than the body ; first joint long, 
curved, thickened at the apex ; third shorter than the first, and 
scarcely longer than the fourth, fifth longer than the third ; sixth 
to tenth gradually shorter; eleventh scarcely longer tlian the 
tenth. Prothorax much nan-ower in front than at the base, 
furnished with a sharp conical tubercle at the middle of each 
side and four tubercles on the disc — two, smaller, in front of the 
middle, and two, larger, posteriorly. Elytra much broader than 
the prothorax, narrowed slightly backwards, each truncate at the 
apex. Legs moderately long ; femora f usiform-clavate, the hind 
pair reaching to the apex of the elytra ; tibial spurs short ; first 
joint of hind tarsus as long as the next two united. Acetabula 
of front coxae closed in posteriorly by the prolongation of the 
epimera and thus meet the intercoxal process of the prosternum. 

From Capnohjmma this genus differs as follows : the fore part 
of the head much shorter, the antennae inserted farther apart, 
the prothorax tuberculate on the disc, the elytra less narrowed 
posteriorly, and the first joint of the hind tarsi not longer than 
the next two united. 

69. Apiocephalus liclieneus, sp. n. 

S . Blackish-brown, but for the most part covered with a rather 
dense pubescence. This is whitish in colour on the disc of the 
prothorax, on the apical fourth of the elytra, on the tips of the 
femora and of the first antennal joint, also on the sides of the breast 
and on some spots on the abdomen ; elsewhere it is of a greyish tint 
slightly mixed with tawny, \\\t\\ here and there some small bi'own 
spots. Head with the clypeus and neck almost bare of pubescence 
and somewhat rugosely punctate, the vertex between the eyes 
furnished with two small tubercles. Prothorax somewhat con- 
stricted a little behind the apex, its front margin I'aised. Elytra 
strongly and closely punctured on the anterior three-fourths ; not 
visibly punctured on the apical fourth, the white ))ubescence there 
being much denser than the mixed pubescence in front ; apices 



CARAPHIA. 75 

truncate, a projecting patch of pubescence at each of the outer 
angles gives them the appearance of being somewhat emarginate. 
Intercoxal process of prosteruum feebly tuberculate and almost 
vertically deflexed behind. 

Length 14; breadth 5 mm. 

Hah. Dehra Dun. 



Genus CARAPHIA, g. n. 

Type, G. crihrata, sp. n. 

Ranye. Burma. 

Head gradually narrowed behind the eyes, broadly concave 
between the autennal supports, which are widely separated ; front 
large, oblique, not marked off from the clypeus ; the latter pro- 
duced in front, smooth and membranous near its front border ; 
labruin short, transverse ; maxillary palpi a little longer than 
the labial, last joint fusiform cylindrical ; eyes of moderate size, 
coarsely facetted, emarginate, the lower lobe a little dilated to- 
wards both the front and the ventral surface ; genae as long as the 
lower lobe of the eye ; gula produced in a short meutigerous pro- 
cess. Antennae contiguous to the eyes, a little longer or shorter 
than the body in the female ; first joint subeylindrical, scarcely 
reaching past the head ; third and fourth subequal, each slightly 
longer than the first, but shorter than the fifth or sixth; seveutli 
to eleventh successively shorter ; fourth to eleventh slightly com- 
pressed, more or less distinctly canahculate above and below. 
Prothorax widest at base, narrowed in front, slightly constricted 
near base and apex and slightly rounded in the middle at eacli 
side. Mesonotum with undivided stridulatory area. Elytra wider 
at base than base of prothorax, slightly and gradually narrowed 
for about three-fourths of their length, then more strongly 
so to the apex, where each is truncate. Legs moderately long ; 
femora sublinear, the hind pair much shorter than the abdomen ; 
tibial spurs short ; first joint of hind tarsus as long as the 
second and third united ; third joint deeply cleft, the claw- 
joint long, the claws not very widely divergent. Front coxae 
moderately exserted, angulate outwards, their acetabula closed 
posteriorly by the approximation of the epiraera to the slightly 
dilated hind end of the rather narrow intercoxal process. Wings 
with the first cubital vein bifurcate posteriorly, the second cubital 
joined by an oblique vein with the first cubital, and by another vein 
with the first anal, the latter sometimes having a narrow elliptical 
cell in its course. 



70. CarapMa cribrata, sp. u. 

Brow'nish black. Head sparsely and faintly pubescent, very 
densely and rather finely punctured all over the upper surface and 
front, as densely but more coarsely punctured on the underside, 




76 CERAMBYCID.1:. 

A-^ertex faintly irapressed with a median line. Prothorax puuctured 

and pubescent like the head. 8cutellum rather short, rounded 

posteriorly, covered with yellowish-grey 

pubescence. Elytra slightly depressed 

near the suture, each with a rather 

broad shallow channel between the side 

and the centre of the disc in the middle 

t\\"o-tliirds of its length ; the surface 

strongly and very densely punctured all 

o\er, tlie punctures carrying each a small 

curved seta, those placed along the outer 

half of the disc have a slight tendency to 

be arranged in longitudinal rows and are 

y-, I- °';""J n 1 somewhat less cx'owded together than 

Caraphia crwrata,(jta.[\a.n. ,, ,, ^ i i ^i -t 

^ ft those near the suture and along the sides ; 

apex of each elytron truncate and slightly 

oblique, the angles not acute. Underside and legs very densely 

and more or less finely punctate. Antennae of the female do 

not quite reach to the apex of the elytra ; fourth and following 

joints canaliculate, the channels somewhat deeper and more distinct 

on the last three or four joints. Wings with narrow elliptical 

cell in course of first anal vein. 

Length 14 ; breadth 3^ mm. 

Hah. Burma : Karen Mts. {Dohertij). 



71. Caraphia minor, sp. n. 

Very like €. cribraia, but smaller and relatively somewhat 
narrower, with the antennae longer, those of the female extending 
by about the last two joints past the apex of the elytra, and 
with the fifth and sixth joints longer in proportion to the fourth ; 
tlie channels along the joints scarcely distinguishable except on 
the last four or five ; the punctures of the elytra form definite 
longitudinal rows, except near the suture and along the lower 
part of each side, the punctures of alternate rows oblong, 
carrying each a short, curved, pale tawny seta, the others more 
quadrate, not setigerous ; the dorso-lateral depression on each 
elytron very faint ; the wings without cell in the course of the 
first anal vein. 

The male of this species, if I am right in considering as such 
the smaller of the only two specimens I have seen, differs but 
little from the female — the antenna are a little longer, extending 
by nearly three joints past the apex of the elytra : the last 
ventral segment is not shorter than the penultimate, whereas in 
the male, as well as in the female of C. crihrata, it is appreciably 
shorter. 

Length 7|-9 ; breadth 2-2| mm. 

Hob. Burma : Karen Mts. {Dohertg). 



TELEDAPUS. 



77 



Genus TELEDAPUS. 
Teledapus, Pascoe, A. M. N. H. (4) viii, p. 2G8 (1871). 

Type, T. dorcadioides, Pasc. 
Itange. That of tlie type species. 

Apterous in both sexes. Head large, strongly eTserted, 
rounded, narrowed near its insertion in the ])rothorax ; eyes 
small but prominent, entire, rather coarsely facetted ; front short, 
impressed with a median line tliat extends on to the vertex ; 
clypeus large, membranous in front, labrum transverse ; mandibles 
short, gradually incurved towards the apex ; maxillary palpi longer 
than the labial ; last joint of both triangular ; gula produced to 
form a short mentigerous process. Antennae inserted in front of 
the eyes, but nearer to the middle line and close to the base of 
the mandibles ; a little longer than the body in the S , the first 
joint not reaching past the eye, the second longer than broad, the 
third slightly longer than the fourth, shorter than the fifth ; 
sixth to tenth successively shorter. Prothorax longer than broad, 
slightly rounded at the middle of each side, constricted between 
the middle and apex and slightly so near the base. ACesonotum 
without stridulatory area. Elytra rather strongly convex, not 
much wider than the prothorax, the shoulders oblique, the sides 
subparallel for about two-thirds of their length, then ^converging 
to the somewhat obtusely rounded apex. Legs long, the coxae 
very prominent, the femora subcylindrical ; the tarsi long and 
rather narrow, with the first joint much longer and the third much 
shorter than the second ; the third narrowij^ but completely 

bilobed ; acetabula of the front coxae 
angulate on the outer side, very 
luirrowly open posteriorly ; pro- 
sternum narrow between the coxae, 
slightly dilated posteriorly. Meta- 
thorax very short, its episterna nearly 
hidden by the overlapping sides of 
the elytra. 

2 . Broader than the male ; the 
antennae much shorter, not extending 
past the middle of the elytra ; legs 
shorter, the hind femora not reachiug 
to the apex of the elytra. 

72. Teledapus dorcadioides, Pascoe, 
A. M. N. H. (4) viii, p. 209, pi. 13, 
tig. 1 (1871). 




Varies from reddish brown to 
dark brown in colour. Head finely 
and very densely punctulate, faintly 
covered with short grey pubescence ; 
vertex slightly depressed, impressed with a median line which 
extends along the front to the clypeus ; the latter separated from 



Fig. 30. 

Teledapus dorcadioides, 

Pasc, cT. X B- 



78 CERAMBYCID.E. 

the front by a sinuate transverse line. Prothorax almost as 
wide at the apex as at the base, a little protuberant at the middle 
of each side, broadly constricted between the middle and the apex, 
marked with a shallow sinuate groove near the base and a median 
line along the disc ; the surface finely and very densely punctulate 
and faintly pubescent. Scutellum densely covered with greyish 
tawny pubescence. Elytra densely aud strongly punctured all 
over, the punctures deep and setigerous. Body beneath and 
legs somewhat more pubescent than on the upper side. Femora 
gradually and sHghtly thicker from the base to a httle past the 
middle of their length ; the hind pair in the male reach to the 
apex of the elytra. In the male, first joint of the hind tarsus is 
longer than the remaining joints united ; in the female the first 
is almost equal in length to the remaining joints united. 

Length 14-20 ; hreadth 3-4| mm. 

Hah. Western Himalayas ; Mussoorie, Jaunsar. 

Genus OXYMIRUS. 

Oxymirus, Mulsant, Colcoj^t. de France, Lonqicornes , ed. 2, p. 464 
(1862-3) ; Lacord. Gen. Colcopt. viii, p. 443'(18G9). 

Toxotus (in part.), Latr. Hegne Anirn. ed. 2, v, p. 130 (1829) ; 
Stephens, lUustr. Brit. JEiit., Mand. \\, p. 255 (1831) ; Serville, 
Ann. Soc. But. Ft: i\, p. 211 (1835). 

Type, 0. cursor, Linn. 

Bange. That of the type species. 

Head gradually narro\\ed posteriorly, some^^■hat elongated and 
slightly narrowed in front of the eyes ; impressed with a distinct 
median line that runs from the clypeus to the occiput ; clypeus 
large, limited above by a faint semicircular line, extending in 
front considerably beyond the base of the mandibles ; labrum 
large; maxillary palpi longer than the labial, last joint of both 
strongly triangular ; gula produced in a very distinct mentigerous 
process ; eyes of moderate size, finely facetted, emarginate. 
Antenme inserted in small but rather prominent tubercles placed 
between the lower lobes of the eyes and at a very short distance 
from them ; a little longer than the body, rather slender : first joint 
barely reaching past the eye, third longer than the fourth, but 
distinctly shorter than the fifth ; fiftli to seventh or eiglith sub- 
equal, ninth and tenth shorter. Prothorax longer than broad ; 
constricted near base and apex, with a strong tubercle at the 
middle of each side and two elongate elevations on the disc. 
Mesonotum with stridulatory area divided by a median line. 
Scutellum triangular. Elytra much broader at base than base of 
prothorax, a little ])rominent at the shoulders, graduall}^ narrowed 
posteriorly, rounded at the apex, with a short blunt spine on each at 
the suture. Legs rather long ; femora gradually and not strongly 
thickened, the hind pair do not reach to the apex of the elytra in 
the male ; tibial spurs rather long ; first joint of tai'si long, that 
of the liind tarsi longer than the second aud third united ; third 



ElIONDIA. 



79 



joint deeply bilobed. Front coxse subcoutiguous, the intercoxal 
process very narrow behind ; their acetabula open posteriorly. 
Wings with first cubital vein bifurcate, second cubital joined to the 
first and to the first anal, the latter with a vei'y distinct and rather 
large elliptical cell. 

73. Oxymirus cursor, Linn. (Cerambyx) Stjst. Nat. ed. 10, p. 393 

(1758) ; Oliv. (Stenocorus) Eat. iv, uo. 69, p. 14, pi. 1, fig. 9 

(1795). 
(S = Cerambyx noctis, Linn. Syst. Nat. ed. 12, p. 630 (1766) ; Oliv. 

(Stenocorus) /. c. p. 17, pi. 1, tig. 10. 
d" = *Toxotus lacordairei, — 5, Pascoe, Proc. Ent. Soc. 1867, 

p. Ix.xxiv. 

c? . Most often nearly black, faintly covered above, more densely 
beneath, with grey pubescence. Head and prothorax finely 

and very densely punctate ; furnished 
sparsely with some lougish hairs, 
especially on the sides. Scutellum 
rather densely pubescent. Elytra 
rugose, each with an obtuse costa 
that extends along almost its whole 
length from the shoulder and two 
feebler and shorter costse along the 
disc, the intervals between the costjB 
depressed, forming shallow channels. 
Last ventral segment elongate, nar- 
rowed posteriorly, subsinuately trun- 
cate at the apex, strongly carinate 
along the' middle. 

5 . Exceptionally coloured like the 
male, but usually differs as follows : 
a rather broad chestnut-red band along 
the middle of each elytron and another 
along the side margin, the two bands uniting at the apex ; the 
legs to a great extent and the antennae reddish brown ; last 
ventral segment scarcely longer than the penultimate, not carinate 
along the middle ; antenna; shorter than in the male. 
LenrjtJi 15-18 ; breadth 5-6 mm. 

Eab. Baluchistan : Quetta ; Central and Southern Europe and 
"Western Asia. 

Genus RHONDIA, g. n. 

Type, R. imrjnax., Dohru (Lej)tura). 
Bamje. That of the type species. 

Head strougly exserted ; narrowed gradually and very slightly 
from the eyes posteriorly until near the occiput and then more 




Fig. 31. 

Oxymirus cursor, Linn., cJ. 

X ?. 



* Tliis name was applied to two specimens, each belonging to a distinct and 
well-known European species, the one described as the male beiuo- a I'emale of 
Tuxotus meridianus, Linn., and that described as the iemale, a male of 
Oxymirus cursor. 



so 



CERAMBYCID.E. 



strongly narrowed ; eyes of moderate size, finely facetted, rounded 
and entire ; front small ; clypeus large, limited above by t\\ o 
-convergent sutural lines ; labrum large ; last joint of palpi slightly 
triangular ; gula with distinct mentigerous process. Antenna? 
inserted in small approximated tubercles, in a line with the lower 
border of the eyes and at as great a distance from the eyes as from 
one another ; much shorter than the body, with cylindrical joints, 
the first barely extending past the hind border of the eye, the 
third and fourth subequal, each shorter than the first or fifth, 
fifth to tenth subequal. Prothorax slightly longer than its width 
at the base, strongly constricted and transversely grooved near the 
apex, laterally and acutely projecting at the apex ; marked with 
a shallo^A^ transverse groove near the base. Scutellum rather 
large, triangular. Elytra much broader than the prothorax, 
widened a little behind the shouldei-s, then gradually and slightly 
narrowed posteriorly ; each broadly and subsinuately truncate 
nt the apex, armed with a spine behind the ^^ shoulder at the 
point where the width of the elytra is greatest. Legs long, the 
hind femora extending by nearly one-fourth of their length past 
the apex of the elytra ; first joint of hind tarsus almost as long as 
the second and thii-d united ; third deeply cleft. Front coxae 
almost contiguous, the intercoxal process very narrow; their 
acetabula widely open posteriorly. 

74. Ehondia pugnax, Dokm. 

Leptura (Capnolymma ?) puguax, Dokm, Stett. ent. Zeit. xxxix, 
p. 459 (1878). 

Straw-yellow, glossy : the antennae, tibise, tarsi, the dorsal 
borders of the femora, and the posthumeral'spines of the elytra 
black. Head impressed with a fine median line along the vertex 
and front, the sides finely and sparsely punctate, the vertex 
with two slight tubercular elevations followed by a median de- 
pression near where the short neck 
begins. Antennae of female reach 
to the middle of the elytra. Pro- 
thorax smooth and glossy, with a 
characteristic appearance owing to 
the deep anterior constriction and 
groove preceded by the raised and 
laterally projecting apical border. 
Elytra finely but not very densely 
punctate all over, less nitid and a 
little paler in colour than the pro- 
thorax ; the spine near each shoulder 
directed outwards and upwards. 
Metasternum marked with a deep 
median groove which ends in front 
in a small pit just where the tri- 
angular lobe which projects between 
In the only example of this species 




Fig. 32. 
lihondia 2)it(/»(i-'c, Dohrn. 



the middle coxae begins. 



LEPTURA. 81 

which I have seen, the femora are yellow with the upper borders 
black. The author of the species has, however, described it as 
testaceous, with the antennsc, legs, and elytral spines black, so 
that a certain amount of variation in colour must be allowed 
for. Although referred, but with some doubt, to Capnolijmma, 
Pasc, by its author, this species certainly cannot be placed in that 
genus, the structure of the antennae and their point of insertion 
on the head being quite different, and the head itself not nearly 
so prolonged in front. It is in some respects more nearly related 
to the Holarctic genus Gaurotes, Lee. 

Lenrjtli 11-13; hreadth 5 mm. 

Hah. Northern India ; Burma. 



Genus LEPTURA. 

Leptura, Linn. Syst. Nat. ed. 10, p. 397 (1758) ; Lacord. Gen. 
Coleopt. viii, p. 445 (1869). 

Type, L. virens, Linn., a European species. 

Bauf/e. Holarctic, extending also, but under somewhat modified 
forms, into the Oriental liegion. 

Head abruptly constricted a little behind the eyes, formed 
into a distinct neck ; eyes of moderate size, finely facetted, eraar- 
ginate ; front oblique, either separated or not from the clypeus by 
oblique sutural lines ; the clypeus is relatively long, extends ante- 
riorly considerably beyond the base of the mandibles and becomes 
coriaceous or membranous only near its front margin ; labrum large ; 
gense more or less long ; gula produced to form a distinct men- 
tigerous process. Autennje inserted between, and close to, the 
lower lobes of the eyes ; generally shorter, sometimes a little 
longer than the body ; the joints more or less slender, usually 
cylindrical, sometimes slightly angulate at the apex, the fourtii 
shorter than the third or fifth. Prothorax narrowed from the 
base to the apex, but otherwise somewhat variable in form, 
the sides sometimes nearly straight, often more or less curved, 
but never distinctly tuberculate. Elytra generally more or less 
retracted posteriorly, less often w'ith the sides subparallel. Legs 
moderately long, the hind pair longest, femora subcylindrical ; 
tibial spurs long ; hind tarsi relatively very long, with the first 
joint longer at least than the next two united and the third not 
very deeply cleft. Acetabula of front coxte narrowly open pos- 
teriorly, the intercoxal process narrow but more or less dilated 
towards the end. 

75. Leptura rubriola, Bates, P. Z. S. 1878, p. 720, $ ; id. Scientifc 
Itesu/fs Second Yarkand Mission, Coleopt, p. 22, pi. 1, fio-s. 21 & 
22, d 2 (1890). 

d . Black, with the elytra from the base to a little bevond the 
middle yellowish red. Head finely and very closely punctured 

VOL. I. ' Q 



82 



CEllAMBYCIU-i;. 



aud dull, but with the clypeus smooth and glossy, its mem- 
branous front edge testaceous. Antennae nearly as long as the 

body : first joint slightly curved, thickened towards the apex ; 

third joint scarcely longer than the 
fourth and a little shorter than the 
fifth ; eleventh about one-third longer 
than the tenth. Prothorax a little 
longer than broad, slightly constricted 
and transversely channelled just be- 
hind the front margin, similarly con- 
stricted and channelled just before 
the base : widest at the base, slightly 
rounded at the middle of each side 
and narrowed in front ; very closely 
punctured and dull above. Elytra 
strongly and closely punctured, for 
the most part dull, slightly glossy near 
the apex ; apices broadly truncate and 
slightly sinuate, feebly dentate at each 
of the angles. Hind tarsi very long, 

the first joint nearly twice as long as the next two united ; third 

joint cleft to the middle, claw-joint long. 

$ . Prothorax above, except along the front aud hind borders, 

and the whole of the elytra, red. Antenna; not extended beyond 

the middle of the elytra, Avith the fourth joint distinctly shorter 

than the third. Last ventral segment with a shallow groove along 

the middle ; rounded at the apex ; pygidium slightly emarginate 

in the middle at the apex. 

c^ variation. The elytra entirely black, but otherwise agrees 

completely in colour and structure with the male type. 
Length 11-15; breadth 3:5-5 mm. 
Hab. Kashmir, Murree, near Gulberg, 5000-9000 ft. 

(Dr. Aitcheson), and Lidder, 11000 ft. 




Fig. 33. — Lejitura ruhriola, 
Bates, (S. X ?. 



76. Leptura miniacea, sp. u. 

Head, prothorax and elytra reddish brown, covered above with 
a short dense cinnabar-red pubescence ; hind breast, abdomen, 
antennte and the posterior two pairs of legs black ; front legs 
reddish brown, varying to piceous towards the dorsal side of the 
femora. Head constricted a little behind the eyes to form a neck; 
marked with a median linear groove, which extends from the 
clypeus to the vertex ; gular area flat, scarcely depressed in front, 
distinctly but not very closely punctate ; eyes narrowly and not 
deeply emarginate in front. Anteinia? extend a little past the 
middle of the elytra, rather thick, clothed with black pubes- 
cence ; fourth joint slightly shorter than the third and subequal 
to the fifth; sixth to tenth gradually shorter; fifth to tenth 
somewhat acutely angulate at the apex in front. Prothorax 
transversely sulcate close to the apical border ; slightly rounded 



LEPTURA. 83 

oi" subangulate at the middle of each side ; the basal angles pro- 
jecting. El^^tra nearly parallel-sided, slightly narrowed posteriorly, 
each oblit]uely truncate at the apex. Body beneath and legs 
sparsely clothed with tawny pubescence. Pirst joint of the middle 
tarsus as long as the remaining joints united, that of the hind 
tarsus longer. 

Lenr/th 13; breadth Sk mm. 

Hah. Assam: 'Naga'HiUs (Doherty). 



77. Leptura lavinia, sp. n. 

Sparsely pubescent ; black, the elytra sometimes reddish brown, 
each of these marked in the female with seven testaceous- 
yellow spots — two close to the base, one dorsal aiid the other 
lateral, two at one-third from the base and united together to 
form an obliquely transverse fascia constricted in the middle, two, 
similarly united, placed just behind the middle, the seventh spot 
placed near the suture between these and the apex but a little 
nearer to the apex than to the spot in front ; these yellow spots, 
•of which but one or two and traces only of the others are shown 
in the single male specimen seen by me, are covered rather faintly 
with fulvous pubescence. Head densely and finely punctulate, 
cheeks and clypeus moderately long, the latter with a trans- 
verse sulcate impression, above which a short triangular area, 
less densely punctulate and more or less nitid, is marked off by 
two obliquely converging sutural lines. Antennae of d" almost as 
long as the body, those of 5 scarcely extend past the middle of 
the elytra ; the joints cylindrical, increasing very slightly in thick- 
ness from the fourth to the last, the third slightly longer than the 
fourth and much shorter than the fifth. Prothorax about equal 
in length to its width at the base ; constricted and marked with 
a subsinuately transverse groove near the apex ; slightly protu- 
berant on each side behind the anterior constriction, then widened 
towards the base, which has a laterally projecting and acute angle 
on each side ; the basal groove transverse towards the sides and 
arched forwards in the middle ; the disc uneven, with a median 
sulcate and two lateral broader depressions with raised spaces 
between, the surface very densely and rather finely punctured. 
Elytra broader at base than the base of the prothorax, nar- 
rowed gradually and slightly until near the apex and then more 
strongly ; truncate a little obliquely at the apex ; the surface 
densely and very finely punctulate. First joint of the hind tarsus 
a little shorter than the other joints united ; the cleft of the third 
joint does not reach quite to the middle in the hind tarsi, but 
reaches to the middle in the front and middle tarsi. Last ventral 
segment of male subtruncate at the apex, faintly depressed in the 
middle before the apex. 

Length 15-22 : breadth 4- 6| mm, 

JIab. Sikhim (in coll. Oberthilr and in Brit. 21us.). 

g2 



84 CEKAMBYCID.E. 

78. Leptura clytina, sp. n. 

Elongate. Black ; the pronotum rather densely covered with 
grey pubescence, the elytra faintly pubescent, each marked with 
tour transverse testaceous-yellow bands, the first two (one of 
which is close to the base, the other at about one-third from the 
base) united by a longitudinal band of the same colour along 
the sutural margin, the third band runs a little obliquely from 
the suture to the outer margin just beyond the middle, the 
fourth band passes straight from the suture to the outer margin 
at about one-fourth from the apex ; ninth and tenth joints of 
antennae yellowish white. Head densely and very finely punc- 
tate, with the gula more strongly and less densely punctured ; 
frontal sutures not apparent ; the cheeks and clypeus rather long. 
Antennae of the $ a little longer than the body, the joints 
cylindrical, gradually but very slightly thicker from the fourth 
or fifth to the tenth. Prothorax gradually widening posteriorly 
and projecting a little at the basal angles ; the upper surface very 
densely and rather finely punctate, the punctures only partially 
hidden by the pubescence. Mesonotum with a very finely striated 
stridulatory area which is marked by a faint line that divides it 
longitudinally into two very unequal parts. Elytra broader at base 
than the prothorax, square at the shoulders, uraduall}' narrowed 
posteriorly, truncate at the apex ; the surface punctate, the 
punctures smaller and less densely placed on the yellow bands, 
larger and more densely spread over the intervening black areas. 
Bod)' beneath rather closely veiled with a short silveiy grey 
pubescence. Abdomen gradually narrowed behind in the $ , with 
the last segment extended beyond the apex of the elytra. First 
joint of the hind tarsus as long as the rest united, the third joint 
cleft almost to the base. 

d" . Not known. 

Length 10 ; breadth 2^ mm. 

Bab. Burma: B^nhy %iiues (Dohertij), 

79. Leptura lepta, sp. n. 

5 . Long and narrow . Head testaceous, the eyes, vertex, neck 
and a median band in front black ; prothorax black, slightly 
tinged with steel-blue on the disc ; scutellum black ; elytra testa- 
ceous-yellow, with a very narrow band along the suture, another at 
the outer margin, and six spots on each, black ; two of these spots 
placed near the base, one elongate on the middle of the disc, the 
other at the side but extended obliquely upwards on to the 
shoulder ; the third spot placed dorso-laterally before the middle, 
the fourth extendi'd transversely at the middle from the marginal 
band to the middle of the disc, the fifth dorso-laterally placed 
between the middle and the apex, the sixth forms an apical 
spot which joins the marginal and sutural bands. Abdomen, the 
coxae in part and the femora reddish testaceous ; sterna, tibiae 
and tarsi black ; antennae black, the ninth and tenth joints and 



LEPTDEA. 85 

the apex of the eighth pale fulvous. Head densely and finely 
punctate, marked with a transverse impression at the junction of 
the clypeus with the front, the latter with a feeble median line 
extending between the antenniferous tubercles to the vertex, 
Prothorax strongly constricted, with a deep transverse groove 
near the apex, slightly rounded at the middle of each side, 
Mddened towards the base, with the basal angles laterally project- 
ing and acute ; the surface glossy, finely but somewhat unevenly 
punctate, covered with patches of grey pubescence near the base. 
Elyti'a sharply rounded at the shoulders, wider there than the 
base of the prothorax, gradually narrowed posteriorly, truncate a 
little obliquely at the apex; slightly depressed along the disc near 
the suture, sparsely and not strongly punctured, the punctures 
each with a short hair. Bi'east faiutly covered with silky grey 
pubescence. Abdomen gradually narrowed posteriorly, the last 
segment shorter than the penviltimate, rounded at the apex, pro- 
jecting a little past the apex of the elytra. Antenna) slightly 
longer than the body, with cylindrical joints which become succes- 
sively but very slightly thicker from the fifth to the tenth. First 
joint of the hind tarsus as long as the rest united, the third cleft 
nearly to the base. 

Length 10-11 ; hreadth 2| mm. 

H€h. Burma : Ruby Mines (Doherty). 

SO. Leptura cribripennis, sp. u. 

Long and narrow. Head and antennae black ; prothorax, elytra, 
ventral side and legs dark metallic-blue, slightly tinged with green. 
Head finely and very densely punctured above, less densely on the 
sides and front ; front rather long, with a carina along each side 
iind a deeply impressed line along the middle, this line continued 
along the vertex ; clypeus large, limited above by a transverse 
impressed line. Prothorax gradually narrowed from base to 
apex, constricted and deeply grooved transversely near the apex, 
this groove and the part in front of it smooth and glossy, the 
rest of the upper surface thickly and rather strongly punctured, 
except in a transverse grooA^e near the base and along a smooth 
median line proceeding from it ; from the anterior groove a median 
impressed line extends to the middle. Elytra oblique at the 
shoulders, narrowed gradually and slightly to the middle, then 
gradually widened a little posteriorly, truncate broadly and a little 
obliquely at the apex, slightly more prolonged at the outer angle 
and there also feebly dentate ; tlie surface very thickly and rather 
strongly punctured all over. Antennae of d almost as long 
as the body; the joints cyliudrical, gradually but very slightly 
thicker from the fourth or fifth ; the fifth and succeeding joints 
each marked with a small pit near the apex on the anterior 
side. Body beneath not densely covered with short silver-grey 
pubescence. Abdomen of S narrow, the last two segments ex- 
tended beyond apex of elytra and curved downwards, the last 



86 CERAMBYCID,?:. 

segment pavallel-sided. a broad deep channel along the middle 
beneath. Hind tarsi with the first joint longer than the rest 
united, the third joint cleft less than one-third of the way to the 
base, that of the front and middle tarsi cleft more than halfway to 
the base. 

LengtJi 13 ; hreadth 2h mm. 

Hai). Assam: Patkai Mts. (Z^oAeriv/). 

81. Leptura manipurensis, sp. n. 

Black ; elytra nitid, each marked with five yellow spots — two 
somewhat oblong near the base, one dorsal the other lateral, the 
third obliquely transverse, reaching from the lateral edge almost 
to the suture at about one-fourth from the base, the fourth trans- 
verse placed just behind the middle also reaching from lateral edge 
almost to the suture, the fifth close to the suture at about one-fifth 
from the apex ; antennae of 5 longer than the body by one joint 
or so, ninth and tenth joints pale fulvous. Head somewhat 
elongated in front, the antennal supports approximate, placed near 
the inner and front margin of the eyes ; front with a triangular 
smooth area in the middle, punctate at the sides ; vertex densely 
punctate ; neck densely punctate at sides, less densely above. Pro- 
thorax longer than broad, strongly constricted between the middle 
and apex, transversely rugose above except near the base, where 
it is densely punctulate. Elytra much broader at base than the 
base of the prothorax, gradually narrowed posteriorly, truncate at 
the »tpex, each with a strong spine at the outer angle and short 
tooth ai suture ; surface sparsely and not strongly punctured, the 
punctures each with a short seta. Body beneath \\\i\\ patches of 
silky-grey pubescence. 

Length 14 ; hreadth 3| mm. 

Hah. Manipur {Doherty). 

82. Leptura (Strangaliaj frainii, Fainn. Kotes Leyd. Mus. xviii, 
p. 239 (1897). 

Head and prothorax testaceous red ; elytra yellowish testaceous, 
a transverse black band at the apex ; metathorax, tirst three 
abdominal segments, tarsi and apices of tibia? black ; rest of the 
underside and legs testaceous. Head minutely punctulate, very 
faintly covered with short golden-yellow pubescence. Antenuie 
inserted between and contiguous to the eyes, fihform, slightly 
longer than the body in the $ ; first three or four joints testa- 
ceous, the rest brownish black. Prothorax nearly as \\ ide at the 
base as the base of the elytra, the hind angles acute ; the upper 
surface nitid and almost impunctate. Elytra a little dilated 
posteriorly, attaining their greatest breadth at about one-fourth of 
their length from the apex, the latter broadly truncate ; upper 
sui-face subnitid, distinctly and rather densely punctured, the 
punctures each with a short grey hair. Eront coxa; almost con- 
tiguous, the intercoxal process very narrow. Tarsi of hind legs 



EPHIES. 



81 



as long- as the tibiae, the first joint longer than the remaining 
joints united ; third joint cleft not quite to the middle. 

Variation. Elytra yellow except at extreme apical margin ; body 
beneath entirely testaceous. 

Leu<jth 10-11 ; hreadth "S-^h mm. 

Hah. Sikhim : British Bhutan. 



Genus EPHIES. 

Ephies, Pascoe, P. Z. S. 1806, p. o06j Lacord. Gen. CoUopt. viii, 
p. 453 (1809). 

Type, E. cruentus, Pasc, a species from Penang. 

Rancfe. Himalayas, Burma, Malacca, and Borneo. 

Head with a distinct neck ; cheeks slightly elongated ; palpi 
subequal and subfiliform. Antennse inserted in a line with the 
anterior border of the eyes, strongly serrate ; those of the S about 
three-fourths of the length of the body, those of the $ scarcely 
reach to the middle of the elytra and are much broader than those 
of the J ; -^th joint a little shorter than the 5th. Prothorax 
campanuliform, as wide at the base as the base of the elytra, its 
hind angles acute ; base with a rounded lobe in the middle and 
a rather deep sinuation towards each side. Elytra rather long, 
slightly dilated posteriorly, each broadly truncate at the apex and 
usually toothed at the angles. Legs moderately long ; hind femora 
not reaching heyond the third abdominal segment ; hind tarsi 
almost as long as the tibiae, the first joint a little longer than 
the succeeding joints united. Last ventral segment of the 6 
truncate, that of the $ rounded at the apex. 



83. Ephies coccineus, sp. u. 

Antennae, legs and body beneath black ; pronotum and elytra 

red, clothed with a rather dense scarlet pubescence. Head 

black, the cheeks and base of mandibles sometimes reddish, 

with patches of reddish pubescence on the 

vertex, sometimes also ou the neck and front. 

Prothorax sometimes with a short median 

black line near the base, all the rest of the 

I upper surface, and the sides to some extent, 

/ scarlet. Scutellum black. Elytra entirely 

scarlet ; gradually widened from the middle to 

about the beginning of the apical fourth, and 

thence slightly narrowed towards the apex, 

Fio-. 34. where each is broadly truncate in a slightly 

Ejihies coccineus, oblique direction, with a short tooth at the 

Gahan, J. outer angle and sometimes a feebler one at 

the sutural angle. 
cJ . Antennae reach almost to the apical fourth of the 
elytra. Last ventral segment slightly depressed in the middle. 




be CEEAMBYCID.I-. 

feebly sinuate at the apex, with a rather sharp angle at each 
side. 

2 . Antennas not quite reaching to the middle of the elytra, 
wider than those of the male, the fifth joint the widest, the rest 
gradually narrower. 

Length 14-17; breadth 3-4 mm. 

Hah. Bhutan; Khasi Hills ; Upper Burma; Teuasserim. 

84. Ephies sulcipennis. Bates, Bntoinologht, xxiv, Suppl. p. 22 
(1891). 

"Very near the Sumatran E. dUaticornis, but the elytra in the 
same sex (female) narrow, with straight sides, except near the 
apex, where they are very slightly dilated. Body beneath and 
legs brilliant steel-blue. Thorax and elytra red, the latter black 
at the apex for about one-sixth the length ; head and autennae 
strongly depressed, basal margin of the thorax and the scutellum 
black. Antennae not reaching the middle of the body, joints 3 to 9 
broad, dilated on their inner sides and serrated ; elytra each with 
three well-marked longitudinal furrows, the iuterstices between 
the 1st and 2nd and 2nd and 3rd convex. Coxae and underside of 
^interior femora with fine silky-grey pubescence." 

Length 16 mm. 

Hah. N.W. India : Kulu {Cajit. Graham Young). 

Genus PYROCALYMMA. 

Pyrocalymma, Thorns. St/st. Ceramh. p. 159 (1864) ; Lacord. Gen. 
Coleopt. viii, p. 516 (1869). 

Type, P. pyrochroldes, Thoms. 

Range. Northern India and Burma. 

Head abruptly narrowed a little behind the eyes, thus forming 
:a distinct neck ; front short, with a median groove extending from 
the clypeus between the antennal supports ; eyes of moderate 
size, finely facetted, emarginate, placed at a slight distance 
from the antennae ; mentigerous process of gula distinct and 
moderately long. Antennae reach to about the middle of the 
elytra in the 5 , and to the apical third or fourth in the o ; fii'^^t 
joint obconical, slightly curved, equal in length to the third: third 
and succeeding joints to the eighth or tenth dilated, more or less 
flattened and triangular in form. Prothorax narrowed from base 
to apex, but a little rounded in the middle at each side ; bisinuate 
at the basal margin, with the lateral angles slightly projecting. 
Elytra widened gradually from the base for about three-fourths 
of their length, then narrowed to the apex, which is round ; each 
with four feebly raised longitudinal costae. Legs moderately long ; 
femora very slightly thickened towards the distal tliird ; first tarsal 
joint a little longer than the second in the front and middle tarsi, 
nearly as long as the second and third in the hind tarsi, claw-joint 
equal in length to the second and third united. lutercoxale of 




PYBOCALYMArA. 89 

prostenmm narrow, A'ery slightly dilated posteriorly ; the coxae 
prominent, closely approxiniated to each other, the acetabula 
ungulate outwards and open posteriorly. Acetabula of middle 
coxae open widely to the epimera. Metathoracic episterua nai'- 
rowed posteriorly and pointed at the end. Stridulating area ot 
mesonotum divided by a faint median groove. 

So. Pyrocalymma pyrochroides, Thorns. Si/st. Cemmb. p. 160 (1864). 

Head on top, pronotum, and elytra red, rather densely covered 
with a somewhat velvety pubescence of a bright red colour ; 
body beneath, legs and antennte black ; head more or less black 
in front, at the sides and beneath. Antennae 
reach to the posterior third of the elytra in 
the (S , barely to the middle in the 5 , densely 
covered Avith short black pubescence ; the joints 
from the third to the tenth flattened and trian- 
gular, projecting strongly at the apex on the 
anterior side, subequal to one another in length 
in the § , successively and very gradually longer 
in the c? , each as broad as it is long or almost 
Fig. 35. gQ jj^ ^j^g 2 , and longer than broad in the J . 

''mrocCoidis Pronotum, owing to the arrangement of the pubes- 
Thoms., 2 . ' cence, appears to have a broad shallow groove 
along the middle and a slight depression on each 
side near the base. Elytra furnished each Avitb four narrow 
slightly raised longitudinal costae, the two inner more distinct 
than the outer. Body beneath and legs minutely and densely 
punctulate, thinly clothed with blackish pubescence. First joint 
of hind tarsus narrower than the second or third, nearly as long 
as these two united. 

Levgth 16-21 ; breadth (at shoulders) 3|-5 mm. 
Hah. Sikhim : Darjeeling, Pedong ; Manipur (Doherfj/) : Burma 
Euby Mines (Dohcrtj/). 

80. Pyrocalymma conspicua, sp. n. 

Black, the elytra reddish ; the vertex of the head, the pro- 
notum and the elytra densely covered with red, silk}'- pubes- 
cence. Head with a rather deep transverse line between the 
clypeus and front, the latter with an impressed line down the 
middle and a patch of red pubescence on each side; clypeus 
glabrous, densely punctate : genre with sparse grey hairs, each 
marked with a dermal red spot under the eye. Antennae of 
2 not extended to the middle of the elytra ; joints third to 
eighth dilated towards the apex and tufted with short black 
hairs, the dilatation very slight on the anterior and stronger on 
the posterior side ; ninth to eleventh subcyliudrical. Prothorax 
gradually narrowed in front, slightly constricted near the base 
and apex ; the disc has the ap[)earance of being sulcate along 
the middle due to the disposition of the pubescence along each 



90 



CERAMByCIU.E. 



side of the middle line. Elytra shaped as in P. pyrocliroides 
but the dorsal costce much feebler, two only on each elytron 
are at all distinct. Pemora, especially of the two front pairs, 
more obviously thickened below the middle than they are in 
P. x>yrochroides. Episterna of metathorax glabrous, polished and 
impuuctate on most of the upper half , distinctly and densely punc- 
tate on lower half ; metasternum subglabrous, nitid, rather thickly 
punctured near the lateral edges, sparingly over the other parts ; 
abdomen nitid, very sparingly punctulate and pubescent. 

Length 1'3|-15 ; breadth 3-31 mm. 

Hah. Burma : Euby Mines (Doherti/). 

Subfamily lY. CERAMBYCIN^. 

Cerambycides, Lacord. (in part.) Gen. CWojjt. viii, p. 192 (1869). 
Cerambvcidse, Bates (in part.), Biol. CeiHr.- Americana. Col. v, p. 13 

(1879). 
Ceraiubvcini, Ganglb. (Bestim.-Tabell. Europ, Col. vii) Verh. z.-h. 

Gcs. Wien, xxxi, p. 687 (1881), 

Head variable in form, but seldom distinctly narrowed behind 
the eyes ; mandibles without membranous fringe on inner side ; 
maxillae bilobed ; mentigerous process of gula often wanting, 
generally very short when present ; ligula usually membranous, 
sometimes corneous. Antennae inserted as a rule very close to 
tlie eyes at some distance from base of mandibles, exceptionally, 
close to the latter. Prothorax not marginate at sides. Mesonotum 
generally provided with stridulatory area, which rarely is divided 
by a median line. Middle tibiae never notched on outer border. 
Wing-venation reduced, usually by absence of vein Cu. 2. 

As already pointed out, the structural dif3'erences in the imago 
between the beetles of this subfamily and the Lepturince are not 
always well-marked, and in cases where the larvae are unknown 
there will be a difficulty at times in determining to which subfamily 
a species belongs. The wing-venation is, as a general rule, much 
more reduced than in the Lepturince: the second cubital vein is in 
the majority of forms absent; when present, it has usually lost all 
connexion with the first anal vein, appearing then either as an 
isolated vein or as a branch of the second cubital ; the first anal 
vein, except in one or two genera, has no cell in its course. This 
subfamily is by far the largest in the present family, and is well 
represented in most parts of the world. It offers a considerable 
amount of variety in the structure, form and coloration of the 
numerous species. In many of the groups the eyes are finely 
facetted, and where such is the case the habits of the insects are 
probably diurnal. In these groups the colours are generally 
brighter and the markings more varied than they are in those 
A\ith coarsely facetted eyes. Several genera of this subfamily are 
characterized by the presence of small pits or pores placed close 
to the suture between the metasternum and its episterna, not 
far from its posterior apex. These pores, judging from what is 



CEEAMBTCIITjE. 91 

known of their function in tlie aise of a few species, are con- 
sidered to be the external apertures of scent-glands. But nothing 
is known as to the nature of the scent in the great majority 
of the species. In a few, such as the European species Aromia 
moschata, the scent is like that of attar-of-roses. 

Synojisis of Groups. 

A. Aiitennpe inserted in front of eyes, very close to 

base of mandibles ; eyes rather tinely facetted. 

Group rrofd.tini. 

B. Antennae more or less distant from base of 

mandibles, 
a. Eyes, except in Tetropiuin, coarsely facetted. 
a' . Acetabula of middle coxae open to epimera. 
(/■-. Intercoxal process of prosternum very little 
or not at all dilated at end ; acetabula of 
front coxue angulated on outer side, open 
posteriorly ; gula usually without menti- 
gerous process, 
a'. Wing-venation of Lepturine type; an- 
teunje shorter as a rule than body in 
both sexes, not embraced by the eyes at 

base Group Ascnnvn. 

6\ Wing-venation reduced; antennae longer 
than body in J , usually embraced by the 
eyes at base. 

«'. Ligula corneous Group CEmim. 

bK Ligula membranous Group llesperophanini, 

h'-. Intercoxal process of prosternum dilated at 
end ; acetabula of front coxae closed or almost 
closed posteriorly, rarely angulated on outer 

side Group Ceramhycini. 

h' . Acetabula of middle coxae not open to epimera. 
d". Antennae spined posteriorly at the apex of 

certain joints Group PJivravanthiiiL 

b-. Antenme not spined. 

a^. First abdominal segment of normal 
length ; acetabula of front coxao open 

posterioi-ly Grouj) Callidiojjsini. 

b^. First abdominal segment very long in 
both sexes, third much shorter than 
second in 5 ; acetabula of front coxae 

closed behind Group Ohriini. 

1). Eyes finely facetted. 

a . Acetabula of middle coxae open to epimera. 
«-. Front coxae angulated on outer side. 

rt^. Eyes emarginate, anteunte contiguous to 
them. 
uK Front coxae somewhat conical, rather 
strongly exserted, their acetabula 
usually closed posteriorly. . . . Group Molorchim. 
hK Front coxfe not conical nor strongly 
exserted, their acetabula open pos- 
teriorly Group liosaliini. 

b^. Eyes entire, antenna? somewhat distant 

from them Group Mijthodini. 



92 CERAMBTCID.i:. 

6'. Front coxae rouuded, not angulated on outer 
side. 
a^. Scent-pores showing near postero-lateral 
angles of uietasternuni ; scutellum gene- 
rally large and triangular, with apex acute, 
ff '. Acetabula of front coxte distinctly open 

posteriorly Group Purpuricenini. 

b\ Acetabula of front coxaj closed or 

almost closed posteriorly .... Group Cal/ic/iroinmi. 
P. No scent-pores visible ; scuteUum smaller 
and less acute at apex. 
a^. Acetabula of front coxte closed pos- 
teriorly. 
a^. Legs short, hind femora shorter than 

abdomen Group Pyrestini 

})''. Legs long, hind femora longer than 

abdomen Group T'lothemini. 

bK Acetabula of front coxae open pos- 
teriorly, 
rt'. Elytra usually dehiscent posteriorly, 

attenuated at apex. ...... Group Thraniiin. 

b\ Elytra not dehiscent nor attenuated 

at apex Group Cli/tmi. 

b' . Acetabula of middle coxae not open to epimera. 
a-. Tarsal claws narrowly divergent ; eyes often 

entire Group Epipedoceiini. 

b'-. Tarsal claws widely divergent ; eyes always 
emarginate. 
«'. Eyes not in'omineut, not extending on to 

front (liroup Cleomenim. 

b\ Eyes prominent, extending on to front. 

(jroup Ghiucytini 

Group FliOTAXINI. 

Head short, rather broad, not narrowed posteriorly ; antennte 
inserted wide apart and as close to base of mandibles as in tbe 
majority of Py-ioiu'ute ; eyes at a short distance behind antenna^ 
emarginate, rather finely facetted ; gula with distinct meiitigerous 
process. Antennje shorter than body in both sexes. Prothorax 
rouuded at sides, broader ia front than at base, almost flat above, 
lateral edges somewhat sharp but not marginate. Mesonotum 
with undivided stridulatory area. Tibiae carinate along each side, 
spread out at apex. Frout coxae transverse, somewhat prominent, 
their acetabula open posteriorly. Acetabula of middle coxae extended 
to epimera. Wings with veins Cu. 1 bifurcate, Cli. 2 absent. 

This group is formed for the reception of a single remarkable 
genus which cannot well be included in any of the groups estab- 
lished by Lacordaire. In some points of structure, this genus 
shows an affinity with the Lepturina', but in the shape of the head 
and prothorax it resembles no member of that subfamily. From 
the forward position of the autennte, it appears to be a primitive 
form, although in certain other respects it is more specialized 
than the genera included in the next group. 



PROTAXIS, 95 

Genus PKOTAXIS, g-. u. 

Type, P. fulvescens, Caliaii. 

Raw/e. That of the tyi)e species. 

Head \\"ith the front short and broad, sloping gradually from 
the vertex ; the clypeiis slightly depressed, marked off from the 
front by oblique sutural lines, extended anteriorly beyond the base 
of the mandibles, membranous only at its front edge ; labrum 
transverse ; mandibles moderately long, gradually incurved at the 
apex ; gula produced so as to form a distinct mentigerous process ; 
eyes transverse, subfinely facetted, emarginate in front, AntennaG 
inserted under a slight ridge on each side of the front close to the 
base of the mandibles and at a short distance in front of the eyes, 
their condylar foramina facing outx^ards ; reaching to the apical 
fourth of the elytra in the c5" ; first joint rather long, slightly 
curved, gradually thickened up to the apex and thez-e somewhat 
abruptly expanded behind in the form of a short blunt process ; 
third joint much shorter than the first and distinctly shorter 
than the fourth ; fifth to tenth subequal, each very slightly longer 
than the fourth ; sixth slightly, seventh to tenth more strongly, 
angulate anteriorly at the apex. Prothorax transverse, feebly 
convex or almost flat above, rounded at the sides and somewhat 
constricted at the base. Mesonotum with undivided stridulatory 
area. Elytra gradually narrowed backwards from the shoulders, 
each obtusely pointed at the apex and furnished above with three 
or four feeble costa). Legs moderately long ; femora rather stout^ 
fusiform -cylindric ;■ tibiae, especially the hind pair, somewhat 
expanded at the apex, each carinate along each side close to the 
ventral face ; tarsi rather short and broad, the first joint of the 
front and middle tarsi scarcely longer than the second, that of 
the hind tarsus almost as long as the second and third united ; 
third joint completely bilobed ; claws not widely divergent. 
Front coxse somewhat prominent, their acetabula widely open 
posteriorly and strongly augulated on the outer side ; the inter- 
coxal process very narrow in the middle and only slightly wdder 
posteriorly. 

87. Protaxis fulvesceus, sp. n. 

Head, prothorax, scutellum and elytra fulvous ; antennae, legs 
and underside, the prothorax excepted, black ; the antennae 
faintly and the body and legs rather densely covered with grev 
pubescence. Head densely and rather finely punctured and 
faintly pubescent. First joint of antennae densely punctulate, 
obsoletely carinate in front : eleventh joint very little longer 
than the tenth, furnished at the end with a short pointed 
appendix. Prothorax very feebly convex or nearly flat above, 
obtusely marginate at each side, with a short delicate fringe of 
grey pubescence projecting from each margin ; the flanks also 
clothed with grey pubescence ; the upper surface densely covered 



94 



CERAMBYCID.i:. 



with small granules, almost bare of pubesceuce, marked with a 
feeble, slightly sinuate line close to tbe apical margin. Scutellum 
obtusely rounded or subtruncate pos- 
teriorly. Elytra densely and finely punc- 
tured, the punctures to a great extent 
hidden under a covering of short fulvous 
pubesceuce ; each elytron furnished above 
with four feeble costae, the first of which 
lies very close to the suture, but diverges 
a little from it in front and extends 
along the scutellum. Abdomen narrowed 
posteriorly ; the pygidiuni projecting a 
little beyond the last ventral segment in 
the cS , and the propygidium notched in 
the middle at the apex. Hind femora 
do not reach past the fourth ventral 
segment. Tibiae furnished each with a 
faint carina along the middle of the ventral face and a more 
chstinct carina along each side ; spurs of hind tibiiie subterminal. 
Front tarsi of the c? with the first joint broader than the second 
and the second broader than the third. 
Length 13-16 ; breadth 4-5^ mm. 
Hah. Manipur (Doherty) ; Naga Hills. 




Fig. 36. — Pro/axis fulvescois, 
Gahan, (S . X 5. 



Group ASEMINI. 

Head short, uot broader than the prothorax, the antennal sup- 
ports depressed ; eyes emarginate or divided, not embracing 
the base of the antennae ; antennae short, rarely, and then 
but slightly, exceeding the body in length in the male ; gula 
without mentigerous process; ligula corneous ; palpi rather short. 
I'rothorax unarmed at the sides. Front coxae subglobular, pro- 
duced in an angle on the outer side, their acetabula open 
posteriorly ; the intercoxal process very narrow, not dilated pos- 
teriorly. Acetabula of middle coxae open to tlie epimera. Legs 
of moderate length ; the tibial spurs short. Wings with veins 
Cu. 2 arising from A 1, and joined by a cross-vein to Cu. 2, which 
is bifurcate towards the end. 



Sijiioj^sis of Genera. 

A. Eyes rather finely facetted, completely 

divided Tetropium, p. 95. 

B. Eyes coarsely facetted, emarginate . . Criocephalus, p, 96, 



TETKOPlUjr, . 95 

Genus TETROPIUM. 

Tetropium, Kirbi/, Fauna Boreuli- Americana, pt. iv, Ins. p. 174 
(1837) ; Lacord. Gen. Coleopt. viii, p. 208 (1869). 

Criomorphus, Mnlsant, Colmpt. de France, Loncjicornes, p. o8 
(1839). 

Isarthron, Redtenh. Fauna Austriaca, p. 485 (1849). 

Type, T, castaneum, Linn., a European species. 

Range. Europe ; Central and North Asia ; North America, 
Mexico and Gualemala. 

Head with the front short, subvertical ; the postclypeus 
triangular, the anteclypeus short, transverse and membranous ; 
mandibles short ; maxillary palpi a little longer than the labial, 
last joint triangular ; gula without mentigerous process ; eyes 
rather finely facetted and divided each into two parts which are 
more or less distant from one another and united only by a smooth 
raised line destitute of facets. Antennae inserted before the eyes 
not far from the base of the mandibles ; much shorter than the 
body, attenuated towards the end; first joint short and thick; 
the second half as long as the third ; third to fifth subequal in 
length, sixth to tenth gradually diminishing; eleventh shortly 
appendiculate, longer than tenth. Protborax transverse, some- 
what flattened above, rounded at the sides, broadest a little before 
the middle and narrowed most towards the base. Elytra feebly 
convex, not very long, more or less parallel-sided, broadly rounded 
at the apex. Legs rather short; femora compressed, fusiform, 
sometimes very shortly pedunculate at the base ; first joint of hind 
tarsus as long as the second and third united. Acetabula of front 
coxae strongly angulated on the outer side, the intercoxal process 
very uaiTow and for the most of its length forms a thin vertical 
plate ; the intercoxal process of the mesosternum also very narrow, 
but widened out in front. 

88. Tetropium oreinum, sp. n. 

Black or brownish black, the upperside for the most part dull, 

the underside and legs somewhat glossy. Head sparsely clothed 

with tawny seta? : densely rugulose-punc- 

tate, marked along the vertex and front 

with a median groove. Protborax sparsely 

setose ; widest a little before the middle, 

narrowed more towards the base than in 

front, marked with a transverse groove a 

little in front of the basal margin, the 

latter not raised ; surface finely and very 

densely granulated, except on two or 

three small areas in front which are 

-Pig. 2,1. -Tetropium punctate and shghtly nitid, and on a 

orei'H«i«, Gahan. x?. small, smooth, median callosity near the 

base ; disc with a slight depression along 

the middle. Elytra densely punctulate and somewhat glossy near 




96 CERAMBTCIBA. 

the base, the rest of their surface covered with a Aery short dark 
pubescence, more or less opaque. Body beneath very sparsely 
clothed with tawny pubescence. Femora fusiform, laterally 
compressed. 

Length 9-14 : hreudth 2h-^ mm. 

Hah. West Kashmir (Lt.-Col. Steatham) ; N.W. Himalayas 
(E. P. Stehhinrj). 

Genus CRIOCEPHALITS. 

Criocephaliis, Muhant, Col. de France, Longic. p. G3 (1839) ; Lacm-d, 
Gen. Coleopt. viii, p. 210 (18G9) ; Shaq), Trans. Ent. Soc. 1905 
p. 14o. 

Megasemum, Kraatz, Berl. ent. Zeit. xxiii, p. 97 (1879). 

Cephalocrius, Sharp, toni. cit. p. 147. 

Cephalallus, Sharp, torn. cit. p. 147. 

Type, C. rusticus, Linn., a Palsearctie species. 

Ranrje. Holarctic Region ; with one species in Upper Burma. 

Head with the front sloped, depressed along the middle and 
marked with a median impressed line extending to the vertex ; 
the clypeus flattened, limited behind by two distinct lines con- 
verging so as to form an angle at the middle ; anteclypeus short ; 
labrum transverse : gula without mentigerous process, mandibles 
rather short, each armed with a single tooth near the middle of 
the inner edge; eyes rather large and coarsely facetted, emargi- 
nate in front, the lower lobe extended more or less on to the 
ventral surface of the head. Antennte longer or shorter than the 
body in the 6 , much shorter than the body in the $ ; first joint 
not extended past the hind margin of the eye ; second half as long 
at least as the first, third much longer than the first and distinctly 
longer than the fourth. Prothorax slightly transverse, some- 
times, especially in the 6 , a little longer than broad, rounded or 
obtusely subangulate at the sides. Elytra long, feebly convex, 
slightly narrowed posteriorly, rounded at the apex. Legs 
moderately long ; femora sublinear ; tibial spurs short, the front 
tibije with one and the middle and hind tibia3 each with two at 
the apex; tarsi rather long and narrow, the hind pair with the 
first joint at least as long as the second and third united. Front 
coxEC strongly angulated outwards, their acetabula open poste- 
riorly, the intercoxal process very narrow, not dilated posteriorly. 
Episterna of metat borax moderately broad in front, gradually 
narrowed to a point posteriorly. Venation of wings resembles 
that of the genus Lcjdnra — i. c. the first cubital vein is bifurcated 
posteriorly and anteriorly is joined by a transverse vein with the 
second cubital. 

89. Criocephalus exoticus. Sharp, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1905, p. 159. 

S . Pitchy black, with a faint covering of short brownish pubes- 
cence. Clypeus with a posterior triangular area a little more 




CniOCEPHALUS. 97 

depressed than the rest of its surface ; labrura with three tufts of 
setpe — oue median near its front margin, the others near the 
postero-lateral angles ; ej'es witliout long hairs, the upper lobes 
rather broad, the lower lobes extended to the ventral surface, 
but widely separated below ; gular area 
between them slightly convex, trans- 
versely rugulose and more or less punctate, 
clothed with long erect hairs. Antennae 
reach at the seventh joint a little past 
the middle of the elytra (the joints 
succeeding the seventh have been lost 
from the type specimen) ; first joint not 
attaining to the hind margin of the eye ; 
the second nearly half as long as the 
first and more than half the length of 
-p.^ qc^ the third. Prothorax rather sharply 

Criocephaius'exoticus, rounded at the middle of each side, nar- 
Sharp. X 5. I'owed towai'ds base and apex, its length 

not quite equal to its width across the 
middle ; the disc flattened, with a rather deep fovea on each side 
and an impressed line along the middle, the surface very finely 
and densely punctulate. Elytra very faintly pnnctulate, each 
with t\AO feeble dorsal costse and a very short lateral one. Pro- 
sternum slightly convex and somewhat rugulose in front ; its 
intercoxal process narrow and laminiform. Cleft of the third 
tarsal joint extends about halfway to the base in the anterior 
tarsi and one-third of the way in the liiud tarsi ; first joint of the 
hind tarsi nearly as long as the remaining joints united. 
Length 11 ; hreadth z> vaiw. 
Hah. Burma : North Chin Hills. 



90. Criocephalus unicolor, sp. u. 

Perruginous. Head ^\'ith the clypeo-frontal sutures very 
distinct, meeting at a sharp angle in the middle ; eyes narrower 
than in C. exoticus. Sharp, the lower lobes reach to the ventral 
surface but remain \\idely separated below ; the gular area 
between them convexly swollen, strongly rugose-punctate, and 
in the S wdth a shght transversely elliptical depression, which 
is clothed, but not very densely, with longish hairs ; palpi very 
short, the last joint moderately dilated. Antennte a little longer 
than the body in the 6 , reaching to the posterior third of the 
elytra in the $ ; first joint short but extended to the hind margin 
of the eye, second about two-thirds the length of the first and one- 
third the length of the third. Prothoi'ax slightly rounded at the 
sides, its length in the c? fi trifle greater than its width across the 
middle, and in the $ a little less ; convex above, but with a broad, 
shallow, median depression followed near the base by a feeble 
tubercular elevation ; the surface densely punctate and sparsely 
but very distinctly asperate. Elytra densely and rather strongly 

TOL. I. n 



98 CERAMBYCIDJE. 

punctate, the narrow interstices minutely punctulate ; faintly- 
pubescent ; each with a short sutural spine at the apex, fur- 
nished with two feeble dorsal costge and a short faint lateral 
one. Prosternum gradually sloping in front of the coxae, trans- 
versely rugulose, its front margin slightly raised, the intercoxal 
process very narrow. Tarsi slender, the first joint in the hind 
tarsus nearly as long as the rest united : the cleft of the third 
extending to the base. 

Length 15-20^ ; breadth 4-5| mm. 

Hah. Assam: North Khasi Hills (Godivin- Austen). Japan: 
Tsu Shi ma. 

This species enters into Sharp's genus Cephalalhis, and possibly 
may not be really distinct from C. oherthtiri, Sharp, the type of that 
genus, as it apparently differs only in colour, as the latter is 
described as pieeous with the elytra ferruginous. Cephalalhis, 
Cephalocrh's and Megasemxtm are distinguishable by such slight 
structui'al characters that I consider them at most as only sub- 
genera of Criocephalus. 



Group (EMINI. 

Head vertical or 'subvertical in front; the clypeus as a rule 
very short ; gula without mentigerous process ; ligula corneous ; 
eyes deeply emarginate, sometimes completely divided ; antennae 
much longer than the body in the c^ • Prothorax sometimes 
tuberculate or spined at the sides, but more often unarmed. 
Elytra generally long. Front coxae moi'e or less prominent, their 
acetabula angulated on the outer side and open posteriorly; the 
intercoxal process narrow antl not dilated at the end. Acetabula 
of the middle coxie extending to the epimera. Wings M'ith vein 
Cu 2 absent, and Cu 1 eitlier simple or bifurcated towards the 
end. Stridulatory area of mesonotum usually large and well 
developed and, except in one genus, not divided by a median line. 



Synopsis of the Genera. 

A. Front coxoe contiguous. 

a. Prothorax not wider iu middle than 

at each end; third antennal joint 
shorter than fourth or any of the 
succeeding joints Amimes, p. 99. 

b. Prothorax wider in middle than at 

each end ; third antennal joint not 
shorter than fourth or succeeding 
joints. 

a. Eyes completely divided ; prothorax 

without lobe at base Tetraommatus, p. 100. 

b. Eyes emarginate ; prothorax with 

median lobe at base Hypoescheus, p. 104. 



AMIMES. 

B, Front coxre distinctly separated b_y pro- 
sternal process. 

a. I'rothorax unarmed at sides ; mesono- 

tuni with undivided stridulatory area. 
a. First antennal joint rounded off at 

apex ; basal margin of prothorax 

nearly straight. (Emospila, p. 104. 

h. First anteinial joint sharply angulate 

or .spined at apex, basal margin of 

prothorax rounded in middle" .... Xystrockra, p. 105. 

b. Prothorax Avith a tubercle, sometimes 

very small, on each side ; stridulator}"- 
area of mesonotum divided by a median 
li'ie Oplatoceea, p. 107. 



Genus AMIMES. 

Amimes, Pascoe, Joiirn. Ent. i, p. 368 (1862) ; Lacord. Gen. CoUonl. 
viii, p. 377 (1869;. ^ 

Type, A. macilentus, Pascoe. 

Range. Ceylon. 

Head narrowed gradually behind the eyes, broader in front 
than the prothorax ; eyes large, coarsely facetted, ratlier deeplv 
emarginate ; front short, impressed with a median line, separated 
from the clypeus by a nearly transverse impression ; antennal 
supports raised and directed obliquely outwards. Antenna very 
long in the J , filiform, with the joints from the third gradually 
increasing in length. Prothorax narrow, scarcely longer than 
broad, a little constricted near the base and apex, feebly 
tuberculate on the disc. Elytra united about twice as broad 
as the prothorax and three times as long as they are broad ; 
rounded at the apex. Front and middle coxae strongly exserted 
and prominent ; the front coxae contiguous, the iutercoxal process 
very narroAV and extended only halfway between them, their 
acetabula shghtly angulate outwards and open posteriorly; the 
mesosternum also narrow between the coxje. Legs rather long ; the 
femora narrow at the base, thickened and subfusiform, especially 
inthe S , towards the apex, the hind pair scarcely reach past the 
third abdominal segment ; tarsi narrow, the first joint elongate, 
as long in the hind tarsus as the remaining joints united. 

91. Amimes macilentus, Poscoe (Psilomerus ?), Trans. Ent. Soc {■->) 
iv, p. 238 (1858) ; id. (Amimes) Joium. E7it. i, p. 368, pi. 17, f. G 
(1862). ^ ' 

cJ . Of a livid brown colour above ; with the outer borders of 
the elytra and a broad, but short, sutural band, that begins a little 
behind the base and narrows posteriorly, pale yellow. Head partly 
brown and partly testaceous in front, impressed with a median line 
that extends from the clypeal suture to the occiput, Antenna3 
nearly three times the length of the body ; yellowish testaceous, 

u2 



100 



CEEAMBTCID.i:. 



with the first joint brown. Prothorax with four very small 
bercles on the disc, two before and two behind, the latter more 

widely separated ; marked 
with a median impressed line ; 
covered faintly with a very 
short greyish pubescence. 
Elytra faintly pubescent, sub- 
nitid, distinctly and rather 
closely punctured ; narrowed 
gradually from the base to 
within a short distance of the 
apex, then sligjitly dilated ; 
each sharply rounded at 
the apex. Body beneath 
brown, with a faint covering 
of silvery -grey pnbescence. 
Legs brownish, the peduncles 
of the femora and the base 
of the tibiae pale testaceous. 
2 • Antenna? less than twice 
the length of the body, entirely testaceous red ; almost the 
whole of the head and a broad median baud along the pronotum 
testaceovis ; the pale sutural baud of the elytra extending almost 
to the apex ; the legs entirely testaceous. 
Length 10-12 ; breadth 2| mm. 
Hah. Ceylon. 

The difference in colour that marks the female specimen here 
described is probably not altogether sexual, but due in part to 
individual variation. In the male specimens seen, there is an 
evident tendency to variation in the extent of the darker brown 
colour. 




Fig. 39. — Amimes macilentns, 
Pasc, cT ?. X 5- 



Genus TETRAOMMATUS. 

Tetraommatus, Per7'oud,Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon (2) ii, p. 390 (1855) ; 

Lacord. Gen. CoUopt. viii, p. 221 (1869). 
Deuteromma, Pascoe, Ti-ans. Ent. Soc. (2) iv, p. 98 (1857). 

Type, T.JiUformis, Perroud. 

Mange. Southern India, Ceylon, Burma, and Malay Archipelago. 

Head nearly flat between the antenniferous tubercles, the latter 
depressed transverse, with the margin entire; eyes divided each 
into two widely separated parts, the upper much smaller than the 
lower. Antennae slender, sparsely setose, nearly t^^•ice as long as 
the body in the d" • Third and following joints subequa), or very 
gradually decreasing in length. Prothorax oblong-ovate or some- 
times almost cylindrical in form, constricted at the base, armed with 
a small inconspicuous spine at the middle of each side, « hich is 
sometimes absent ; somewhat flattened or depressed on the disc. 
Elytra longer than head and prothorax combined, nai rowed poste- 
riorly and rounded at the apex. Intercoxal part of presternum 



a?BTEAOMMATUS. 101 

very short ; front coxee contiguous, tlieir acetabula angulate out- 
wards and open posteriorly ; middle coxae almost contiguous. 
Temora rather long, pedunculate and somewhat curved at the base, 
fusiform and compressed in their distal half. Tarsi long and 
narrow; the first joint of the middle and hind pairs almost or 
quite as long as the remaining three united ; cleft of the third 
joint extends less than halfway tcrthe base. 

I. ProiJiorax unarmed at the sides. 

92. Tetraonimatus filiformis, Fei-roud, Ayw, Soc L{n?i. Lyon (2) ii, 
p. 391 (1855). 
Narrow and elongate, slightly compressed dorso-veutrally, very 
sparsely pubescent ; protborax reddish-brown ; elytra brownish to 
testaceous ; antennae and legs yellow. 

S . Antennce one-fifth longer than the body ; third, fourth, and 
fifth joints subequal, each nearly twice as long as the first ; sixth 

to eleventh successively shorter ; 
o^;^flS^i:> second twice as long as broad. 

^ ^ ^ Prothorax almost twice as long 

as broad, subcylindrical, slightly 
widened between the middle and 
the base, abruptly but not deeply 
constricted at the base; upper 
surface finely and very closely 
punctulate and dull, but with 
a narrow, subnitid, slightly de- 
pressed, transversely striated baud 
^ ,r, rr . . ^/-/v,^,,,,-, corresponding to the lateral con- 

Perroud. x^ striction at the base; from the 

clearly defined front edge of this 
baud three faint smooth lines —one median and two lateral— run 
forward along the disc, and beyond the lateral lines, nearer 
to the front margin, are two small narrow smooth spaces. 
Elytra about 2^ times as long as the prothorax, closely and rather 
strongly punctured, separately rounded at the apex. Femora 
pedunculate at the base, fusiform and laterlly compressed towards 

the apex. 

2 . Antennae scarcely longer than the body ; prothorax only 
one-third longer than broad, "finely and not very closely granulate 
above, subnitid between the granules ; elytra more than three 
times as long as the prothorax. 

Length 5-10 ; breadth 1-1 1 mm. 

Hab. S. India : Pondicherry ; Ceylon. 

93 TetraommatuS muticus, Pascoe (Deuteromma), Tratis. Ent. Soc. 
(2) V, p. 25 (1858). 
Head, prothorax and underside testaceous red ; antenna3 and 
elytra testaceous yellow, the latter a little paler at the shoulders 




102 CEEAMBTCIDiB. 

and along each side beyond the middle ; legs pale yellow. Head 
densely rugvdose punctate in front, rather sparsely punctulate 
on the vertex. Antennae about one-third longer than the body in 
the 6, slightly longer than the body in the $; sparsely setose ; 
the second joint half as long as the tirst ; third, fourth, and fifth 
subequal to each other in length. Prothorax of d" about twice as 
long as its width across the middle, subcylindrical, the sides 
diverge gradually and but very slightly from the apex to within 
one-third from the base, then converge to the narrow basal 
constriction ; the upper surface slightly convex, densely and very 
finely punctulate and rather opaque ; faintly covered with short 
tawny pubesceuce. Prothorax of $ nbout one-fourth longer than 
broad. Elytra parallel-sided, rounded and unarmed at the apex, 
feebly convex above, finely and rather densely punctate, and very 
sparsely clothed with pale tawny pubescence ; in the d they are 
about three times as long as the prothorax, in the $ more than 
three times. 

Length, S $ j 7-S ; hreadtli li-2 mm. 

Hah. Ceylon ( (S tjip^ "i B.M. ; $ in coll. G. Lewis). 

This species resembles T.Jiliformis, but is not quite so narrow^ ; 
the prothorax is without lines above and tlie narrow band at base 
is punctulate and not shiny as in that species. 

94. Tetraommatus bimaculatus, sp. n. 

Dark brown, with a very sparse tawny pubescence ; elytra 
marked each with a narrow transverse yellow spot that proceeds 
from the outer margin a little beyond the middle. Antennae dark 
brown, sparsely cihate ; third joint twice as long as the first ; 
second not quite twice as long as it is broad. Prothorax of 
the (S more than one-third longer than broad, slightly rounded at 
the sides, widest a little behind the middle, constricted at the 
base ; upper surface finely and very closely punctulate and dull, 
vith a narrow transverse basal band, smooth, glossy and some- 
what reddish in colour ; three smooth lines (the median one 
slightly depressed and the lateral ones feebly raised) run from 
the basal band along the disc; prothorax of the $ shorter, rather 
sparsely and irregularly graiudate above. Elytra three times as 
long as the protliorax in the d" aiid relatively longer in the § ; 
closely and distinctly punctured, separately rounded at the apex. 
Body beneath and legs dark brown. 

Length 12-13 ; breadth 2,4 mm. 

Hah. S. India : Madura J^H. E. Andreives). 

II. Prothorax u'ith a small S2)ine at the middle of each side. 

95. Tetraommatus insignis, Gahan, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genov. xxxiv, 

p. 8, pi. i, fig. 1 (lttL)4). 

Head and prothorax of a rusty red or brownish colour ; the 
basal and apical transverse grooves of the prothorax and three 



TETRAOMMATUS. ^^^ 



longitudinal impressions on the disc, one anterior and two pos- 
terior, dark brown : elvtra yellowish testaceous, with two bands 
and the sutural border between them dark brown ; the first baud 
arises from the suture at about the middle of its length curves 
outwards and backwards and ends in a transverse spot at the side ; 
the second band begins at the suture at about one-third from 
the apex and is directed obliquely towards tbe sic e but does not 
reach to the outer margin. Head rather densely punctate and 
opaque. Antennic sparsely ciliate, ferruginous at the base, paler 
tiwirds the end ; second ioint about one-third of the engtu ot 
the third; third shghtly longer than the fourth and subequal ta 
the fifth. Prothorax of 6 about one-third longer than its width 
across the middle ; slightly rounded and armed with a small spme 
at the middle of each side, constricted at base, and marked there 
with a rather deep transverse groove, wbicli is slightly arched 
forwards in the middle and has two longitudinal impressions that 
run from it to the middle of the disc : the upper surface more or 
less opaque and somewhat densely punctate, the puncturation 
finer and closer towards the sides. Elytra subnitid, densely 
punctate, and sparselv pubescent, rounded at the apex. tJody 
beneath reddish testaceous, the abdomen paler; prosternuranitid, 
transversely striated near its front margin, distiuctly but not very 
densely punctured posteriorly. 

Lemjth 8-11 ; breadth 1^-2 mm. .^ ^ o- nr 7.i\ 

Hub. Andaman Is.; Tenasserim: Thagata (Fe«); Qmm{Movhot). 

00. Tetraommatus nigriceps, Fascoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (3) m, p. o02 

Tetiaommatus caUidioides {Pascoe), var., Gahan, Ann. Mus. Civ. 
Genov. xxxiv, p. 8 (1694). 
Brownish black, the prothorax and ventral _ side of the head 
testaceous red, the abdomen and legs varying from reckhsh 
brown to very dark brown. Head rather densely punctulate. 
Antennae twice as long as the body in the dj second joint ies. 
than half as long as the third; third and following joints to 
ninth or tenth subequal in length. Prothorax somewhat rounded 
and armed with a small spine at each side, constricted and marked 
with a transverse groove at the base ; its length about one-fourth 
greater than its ^^•idth across the middle : upper surface very 
feebly convex, slightly nitid, densely and finely punctate ; the 
sides minutely punctulate and opaque. Elytra densely punctate , 
sparsely covered with greyish pubescence. 

Hab. Upper Burma: Mt. Hathalin {Fea); Perak (DoherUj); 

'^'STpecies differs onlv in the colour of the head base of 
elytra, and front femora from the Bornean species I.caUuUoides, 
Pasc, and it is probably only a local variety or race of the latter. 



104 



CERAMBTCID.E. 



Genus HYPOESCHRUS. 

Hypoeschru?, Tliomson, Syd. Ceramh. p. 249 (1864) ; Ldcorch Gen, 
^CoUopt. viii, p. 218 C18G9). 

Type, H. stnr/osus, Gyllenlial, 

liancje. Senegal, xlbyssinia and India. 

Head impressed with a median line ; front short, slightly 
concave between the autenniferous tubercles ; the latter trans- 
verse, not prominent and not emarginate in front ; eyes coarsely 
facetted, deeply emarginate, \\\t\\ large lo\\er lobe reaching almost 
to the base of the mandible. Antennae much longer than the 
body in the male, not longer than it in the female : third joint the 
longest, fourth to eleventh gradually shorter. Prothorax nearly 
as broad as long, more or less rounded at the sides, flattened or 
slightly depressed along the middle of the disc, with a median 
obtusely rounded lobe at the base. Elytra costate, a little broader 
than the prothorax and more than three times as long ; each 
somewhat acuminate at the apex and armed with a short spine. 
Front coxae contiguous, the intercoxale of the prosternum very 
short and narrow ; their acetabula angulate outwards and open 
posteriorly. Intercoxale of mesosternum also very narrow. 
Femora laterally compressed, fusiform ; tarsi long and narrow ; 
first joint of hind tarsus as long as the remaining joints united. 

97. Hypoeschrus indicus, sp. n. 



Light brown in 




Fig. 41. 

Hypoeschrus indicus, 

Gaban, S • X ^. 



colour. Head and prothorax very finely 
granulate and dull. Antennae sparsely 
fringed with pale setse beneath. Elytra 
somewhat glossy, ver}' closely punctured ; 
each with seven raised lines, the first 
running very close to the sutural edge poste- 
riorly but diverges slightly from it in front, 
the third and fifth somewhat more strongly 
raised, connected with one another and 
with the seventh by means of oblique cross- 
lines posteriorly ; the sixth and seventh 
obsolete in front, and the sixth obsolete 
also posteriorly. 

Length 12-20 ; breadth 3-4| mm. 

Hah, India: Karachi; Calcutta; Belgaura. 

This species is indicated as a sal-tree 
borer on the labels attached to specimens 
received from the Indian Museum, Calcutta. 



Genus (EMOSPILA, g. n. 

Tj'pe, (Z.'. maculij^ennis, Galian. 
llauf/e. That of the type species. 

Head with the autennal supports depressed ; the front short 
and transverse, marked off from the clypeus by an arcuately 



1 O'l 
XTSTKOCEUA. ''^'^ 



transverse evoove ; eyes deeply emarginate, ^vith narrow upper 
xndbiond lower lobe. Antenna, about one-third longer than the 
1 V n tl $ a,a still longerin the c? ; first joint stout extended 
ahttlepast the front n.argiu of the l-^^l^orax romuled at tne 
apex ; third nearly twice as long as the first ; thu-d to hfth sub 
equal in length, slightly flattened above m tlae f ' f^^f^^^^.^^^^^ 
SI ccessively shorter and narrower, eleventh a little longei than 
tentll'none of the pints angulated at the apex. Pi^thorax 
slightlv transverse, rounded at the sides narrowed a ^^f^^^^'^ 
towards the base than in front. Elytra long, nearly parallel- sided 
wi'wed and slightly subtruncate at the ^^^^-^^^^J^^^ 
long, the posterior two pairs subequal m length the t out pa^i 
shorter • femora elongate-fusiform, not pedunculate slightly com 
e eU first joint of middle and hind tarsi longer than the second 
Ind t ird united. Front coxee globular, prominent, with the r 
acetabula produced in a short angle on the outer side -the mtei- 
coxal process narrow but completely separating the coxae; 
intercoxale of mesosternum moderately broad, gradually narrowed 
posteriorly and broadly canaliculate along the middle. 

98. (Emospila maculipennis, sp. n. 

Dark brown, denselv covered above with greyish tawny pubes- 
cence buwi?l a number of nude, dark brown subnitid spots on 
he elytra, these spots irregular in form and not arranged m 
Iny definite order! body beneath, legs and -f^ -- 7 
covered with grevish pubescence. Prothorax o J ^ehitnely 
X than in the-?, wiliest a little behind the middle, the disc 
vitli a verv short median carina near the fron ^^gin an a 
short oblique carina on each side on the posterior half ; Fothoiax 
o 9 widest at the middle, or a little before the middle, no 
carinate above on each side, but with traces of a shght median 
car a Elytra rather thickly punctured, the punctures appearing 
larger and more densely placed on the glabrous dark brown spots. 
Length 20-25 ; breadth o-ol mm. -o •, -oi fn,. ^ ^ 

Hub Assam: Sibsagar {Indian .Museum); Brit. Bhutan ( J ? 

in coll. Oberthiir). 

Genus XYSTROCERA. 

Xystrocera, Serv. Ann. Sac. Ent. Fr. 1834, p.G9; Lacord. Gen. 
Coleopt. viii, p. 229 (1869). 

Type, X. f/lobosa, Oliv. ,. -r, • 

Ecmac. Ethiopian, Oriental, and Austrahan Eegious. 
Head vertical in front, raised so as to form a ridge, broadly con- 
cave from side to side, between the antennae; antennal supports 
emarginate in front, acutely pointed on the inner s-de ; post- 
c ype?s verv short, separated from the front by a transverse 
groove ; anteclypeus membranous ; eyes large, deeply emargmate. 



106 



CERAMBYCID^. 



the lower lobes extended close to the uiandibular edge of the geuae ; 
mandibles oblique, straight at base, turned in at right angles at 
the apex. Antennae of cj" about one-third to tmce longer than 
the body ; first joint stout, asperate, its apex with sharp upper 
edge and acutely produced anterior angle or spine ; third to tifth 
thickened, asperate, the third shorter than the fourth or fifth ; 
sixth to tenth subequal, each much shorter than the fifth ; antenna; 
of 2 a little longer than the body, joints third to fiffh less 
thickened and less asperate. Prothorax slightly convex above, 
rounded at the sides, base with rounded lobe in the middle. 
Elytra long, more or less narrowed backwards from the base, 
rounded at the apex. Legs long, the front pair shorter than the 
others ; femora f usiform-clavate, compressed, pedunculate at base ; 
tibiae compressed. Front cox^e separated, their acetabula strongly 
angulate outwards. Mesosternum moderately broad, narrowed 
posteriorly and truncate at the end. 

The pupae of one species at least, and probably of all the species, 
of this genus are enclosed in calcareous cocoons of a texture 
similar but somewhat longer and narrower in form than those 
which enclose the pupse in the genus Ploccderus. 



99. Xystrocera globosa, Oliv. (Ceramhyx) Entom. ir, no. 67, p. 27, 
pi. 12, fig. 81 (1795) ; Coquerd, Ann. Soc. Eat. Fr. 1848, p. 180, 
pi. 7, iv, fig. 2 a, b, larva. 

Heddish brown ; prothorax with the front and hind borders, a 
narrow median longitudinal band (sometimes obsolete) and a 
broader lateral band, which in the S 
runs obliquely from the side of the 
thorax in front towards the medio-basal 
lobe behind, metallic blue or green ; 
elytra testaceous yellow, the outer and 
apical borders and, on each, a median 
longitudinal band, which anteriorly is 
directed obliquely towards the shoulder, 
also metallic blue or green. Head densely 
punctate. First joint of antennae 
asperate, with spiniform anterior process 
at the apex ; third to fifth strongly 
asperate, each in the c? with the apex 
thickened and dentate beneath ; third 
joint thicker and about one-fourth 
shorter than the fourth. Prothorax 
densely and finely granulated on the 
disc in the S , less densely granulated in 
the 2 ; prosternum of the male with a transversely striated glossy 
band of metallic colour, close to the front margin, the rest of its 
surface as well as the lower part of the sides of the prothorax 
forming a convexly raised, very minutely and denselv punctate, 
area of a dull red colour; the corresponding area in the female more 




Fig. 42.— A'l/strocera 
glvhoscc, Oiiv., (^ . 



OPLATOCERA. 



10- 



or less concave, sparsely granulated and not extended on to the 
sides, whence the lateral bauds run straiglit back instead of taking 
an oblique direction as in the male. Elytra densely and rather 
strongly punctured ; each with three slightly raisjed longitudinal 
lines — two dorsal and one lateral. 

Length 15-32 mm. 

Hah. India: Darjeeling, Bombay, ]Mysore, Madras: Ceylon; 
Assam ; Burma. Siam, Malay Peninsula. Java, Celebes, Philip- 
pines. Egypt ; Mauritius ; Hawaiian Islands. 



100. Xystrocera festiva, Thorns., Essai Classif. Ceramb. p. 251 (1861) ; 
Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (3) iii, p. 506 (1869). 

Testaceous red, the antennas black ; the sides of the pro- 
thorax metallic green or blue and the upper surface of the same 
colour except over a large median subcordate spot which is 
testaceous yelloAv ; the elytra testaceous yellow along the inner or 
sutural half of each, metallic green or blue along the outer 
half and around the apex ; legs testaceous, the tibias dark 
brown except at the apex, the femoral peduncles dark brown 
in their distal half. Antennae nearly twice as long as the bod}^ in 
the c? 5 barely longer than the body in the $ ; strongly asperate, 
and more or less denticulate beneath, in the S , less strongly 
asperate in the $ ; third and fourth joints and the fifth to a less 
extent dentate beneath at the apex. Disc of prothorax sparsely 
and subasperately punctate, the prosternum and sides finely 
and rather densely punctulate ; in the c? , a definite smooth line 
with a strongly sinuous course forms the boundary between the 
two differently punctured areas. In the 5 <^^isc of prothorax 
finely, subasperately punctate, the sides and prosternum sparsely 
punctate. Elytra distinctly, but not very densely punctate ; 
each rounded and unarmed at the apex. 

Length 30-38 ; breadth 7-9 mm. 

Hah. Burma : Karenee (Fea). Sumatra ; Java : Borneo. 



Genus OPLATOCERA. 

Oplatocera, White, Cat. Col. B. M., Lonfjic. p. 121 (1853) ; Lacord. 

Gen. Coleopt. viii, p. 231 (1869). 
Hoplitocera, Gemni. S)- Har. (as an emeudatiou of the name) Cat, 

Col p. 2795 (1872). 

Type, 0. callidioides. White. 

Range. Sikhim and Bhutan. 

Head rather strongly concave bet^^■een the antennal supports ; 
the latter prominent with their openings facing outwards; eyes 
moderately large, deeply emarginate in front, slightly sinuate 
posteriorly ; front moderately large, subvertical, not distinctly 
marked off from the clyi)eus, anteclypeus rather large, coriaceous 
near its front border ; mandibles straight at base and almost 



108 CEKAMBYCID.!:, 

squarely turned in towards the apex, each with a dorsal ridge 
along the straight portion ; palpi subequal ; gula with outraenti- 
gerous process. Antennae longer than the body; first joint stout, 
thickened towards the apex and reaching almost to the middle 
of the prothorax ; third much longer than the first, fourth to 
eleventh gradually shorter and more slender. Prothorax trans- 
verse, somewhat A'ariable in form, strongly I'ounded at the 
sides and feebly tuberculate behind the middle in the J of the 
type species ; a little rounded and strongly tuberculate at the 
middle of each side, with a sulcate constriction near the base and 
apex, in the second known species. Elytra broader than the pro- 
thorax, more than twice as long as broad, gradually narrowed 
backwards, the sides more strongly convergent at the apes. 
Legs moderately long ; the femora stout, subfusiform ; first joint 
of hind tarsus not so long as the next two united. Front coxse 
transverse, their acetabula open posteriorly ; intercoxal process 
distinct but rather narrow, parallel-sided. Intercoxal process of 
mesosternum triangular, concavely depressed along the middle. 
Episterna of metathorax broad in front, gradually narrowed 
almost to a point posteriorly. Stridulatory area of mesonotum 
Avith an impressed line along the middle. First cubital vein of 
wings bifurcate posteriorly, second cubital wanting. 

101. Oplatocera callidioides, Wltife, Cat. Col. B. M.. Lonrjk. p. 121, 

pi. 3, tig. 7 (1853). 

(5 . Cinnamon-brown ; elytra \\ith dark brown lateral margins, 
mai'ked each with two black-bro\\n spots placed obliquely 
between the base and the middle, with another large oblique 
spot or band a little beyond the middle. Head densely rugulose- 
punctate. Antennae extended by about two or three joints past 
the apex of the elytra; first joint very stout, densely granulate, 
thii'd to sixth armed posteriorly at irregular intervals with short 
spines, third nearly twice as long as the first. Prothorax large, 
transverse, nearly as wide as the elytra, a little depressed above, 
strongly rounded at the sides but drawn in at the base and 
furnished behind the middle with a feeble tubercle ; the surface 
densely rugulose-puuctate, sparsely covered \\\t\\ rather long 
pubescence. Shape of the elytra as in the figure of the next 
species. The intercoxal process of the prosternum is gradually 
sloped in front. 

Length 48 mm. 

Hah. Northern India. 

102. Oplatocera ohertliuri, sp. u. 

Cinnamon-brown ; antennte tipped with dark brown at the 
apex of each joint ; prothorax with two black-brown spots on the 
disc and a narrow dark band towards each side ; elytra marked 
each with two oblique black-brown bands that appear to be 



OPL.VTOCiJEA. 



109 



made up of a series of elongate spots placed side by side ; the 
oblique apical margin of the elytra blue-black, the lateral maiyins 
iiot dark as in the preceding species. Head rugulose-punctate. 
litenna^ reach past the apex of the elytra by about three 
^ joints in the $, and by more than 

four in the ^ ; first joint very densely 
and very finely rugulose-punctate ; third 
to sixth not spined in either sex; all 
the joints pubescent, the pubescence 
longer and somewhat denser on the 
underside. Prothorax transverse, but 
much narrower than the elytra, slightly 
constricted and marked with a trans- 
verse groove near base and apex, a little 
dilated and strongly tuberculate at the 
middle of each side ; the dark spots on 
the disc placed on two slight elevations, 
between which is a median canahculate 
depression ; the surface densely rugulose- 
punctate, sparsely clothed with Ion gish 
pubescence. Each elytron with two 
feebly raised dorsal costse which unite 
at about the middle of the posterior 
dark band, a single costa continued thence almost up to the 
apical border ; the surface very finely rugulose-punctate, covered 
faintlv with short grev pubescence. Tips of the femora and tibiae 
and lateral borders of the metasternum, black. Last ventral 
secernent sinuate at the apex in the 6 , broadly truncate and fringed 
wiUi reddish-brown hairs in the $ . Intercoxal process of pro- 
sternum abruptly dechvous in front. 
Leuf/tJi 30-37 ; hreadtJt 9-11 mm. 
Bab. Sikhim : Darjeeling ; British Bhutan. 




Fio'. 43. — Ojilatocera 
oberthuri, Gahan, S • 



Group HESPEROPHANINI. 

Gula without mentigerous process, excei)t in Hesperojilianes, in 
which it is very short ; ligula membranous ; eyes large, deeply 
emartrinate ; antennte ciliated, longer than the body m the S . 
Prothorax unarmed at the sides. Elytra rather long, more or less 
parallel-sided. Eront coxte subglobular, more or less angulate at 
the side ; their acetabula open posteriorly ; the intercoxal process 
either very little or not at all dilated at the end. Acetabula of 
middle coxae extended to the epimera. Eirst abdominal sternite 
iiot longer than the second except in the middle and at the sides. 
Winc'-venation reduced bv the disappearance either of vein Cu2 
or o? the posterior branch of Cu 1, probably the latter ; Cu2 in 
that case having lost its connection with Al appears simply 
as a branch of Cu 1 . 



110 OERAMBYClD.i:. 



Si/nojysis of the Genera. 

A. Head -svitli a deep arcuate impression 

between clypeus and front ; mandibles 

of (5 with dorsal crest or cai'ina Gxatholea, p. 110. 

B. Head not deeply impressed between cly- 

peus and front ; mandibles without 
dorsal crest or carina. 

a. Anteunal supports depressed; prosternal 

process pxadually sloped posteriorly 

and slightly dilated at the end '. Hesperophanes, p. 112. 

b. Antenna! supports sharply angulate or 

spined, especially in the c^ , on the 
inner side : prosternal process more 
abruptly sloped posteriorly and nar- 
rowed at apex. 

a. Prothorax of (5 with a large tomen- 

tose depression on each side SxROMATirii, p. 114. 

b. Prothorax of r? without tomentose 

depressions on the sides Zoodes, p. 115. 



Genus GNATHOLEA. 

Gnatholea, Thorns. JEssai Clnss. Cercnnb. p. 375 (1861) ; Lacord. 
Gen. CoUopt. viii, p. 284 (1869). 

Type, G. ehurifera, Thorns. 

Eanrje. Northern India, Burma, Siam, Malay Peninsula, Java, 
aud Philippine Islands. 

Head slightly rather broadly concave between the autenni- 
ferous tubercles ; front short subvertical, separated from the 
clvpeus by a rather deep arcuate groove ; eyes deeply emarginate, 
with narrow upper and large lower lobe ; genae short, strongly 
angulate and prominent below in the S ; mandibles strong, sub- 
horizontal or oblique, furnished either with a dorsal carina or 
crest in the 6 , much shorter, oblique, with very feeble dorsal 
carina in the $ ; gula without mentigerons process. xlntennte 
one-third or so longer than the body in the S , about equal in 
length to the body in the $ ; third jouit longer than the fourth, 
fourth to tenth subequal or gradually diminishing in length. 
Prothorax transverse, somewhat rounded at the sides. Elytra 
nearly parallel-sided, rounded posteriorly and armed each with a 
short sutural spine ; sometimes truncate and bispinose at the apex. 
Legs moderately long, slightly compressed ; front femora sub- 
fusiform, the others sublinear, the hind pair reaching almost to 
the apex of the elytra in the d ', first joint of hind tarsus 
shorter than the second aud third united. Intercoxal process 
of prosternum strongly but not abruptly sloped posteriorly, feebly 
dilated near the end. 



CiXATHOLEA. 



Ill 



I. Body ratlicr denseh/ puhescenf ; mandibles of 6 sul-liorizontal 
ivitli stronx) dorsal crest. 

A. Elijtra marled with ivory-lilce spots. 
103. Gnatholea eburifera, Thoms. Essai Class. Ceramh. p. 375 (1861). 

Eeddish brown to brown in colour, rather ^^«f ^'^^'^J^^^^^^^if; 
brownish-grey pubescence, the elytra marked each with two closely 
Approximated ivory-like spots pst behind the nuddle and a 
s n lar ot at the base, the inner of the two sub-median spots 
1 ally smaller than the outer one. Prothorax rather broad m 
• nt and narrowed towards the base in the d , almost as n™ 
at the apex as at the base in the $ ; the disc with two small but 
dstinct\ubercles placed transversely just before the middle. 
Elytra rounded at the apex, a little truncate near the suture 
and armed each with a sutural spine ; the surface rather thickly 
clotted with rather large but shallow sub-nitid P^jf J^^^^'/^^ 
front edges of which are slightly raised; each with t^^o very 
feebly rafsed and almost obsolete dorsal lines. Antenna, scarce y 
as long as the body in the ? ; about one-third longer than the 

body in the 6 . 

Lenqth 15-26 ; breadth 4-6 mm. _ 

Hah. Tenasserim ; Siam ; Malay Peninsula ; Borneo. 

B. Elytra ivithout ivory-lihe sijots. 

104 Gnatholea simplex, Gahan, A. M. 
N. H. (6) V, p. 53 (1890). 

Brown, sometimes reddish brown, m 
colour, rather densely covered with drab- 
grey pubescence. In structural cha- 
racters it agrees pretty closel}^ with 
G. eburifera. Thorns., but has the two 
discal tubercles of the prothorax smaller 
and less distinct and the asperate punc- 
tures of the elytra fewer in number and 
smaller in size, the anterior part of the 
disc especially being almost destitute 
of them. 

Length 14-24 ; breadth 3|-6 mm. 

Hah. Sikhim : Darjeeliug; Assam; 
Burma: Kuby Mines {Doherty), Mau- 
dalay and Prome {Fea), Tharawaddy 
(Corbett). 




Fig. 44. — Gnatholea 
simplex, Gahau, c? . X 



II. Bodri sparsely pubescent ; mandibles of 6 oblique, ivith 
dorsal carina. Elytra marJced tuith ivory-hie spots. 

105. Gnatholea fryana, sp. u. 

Testaceous red, rather dull above ; the elytra marked eacli ^^•ith 



112 CERAMBTCID.T. 

two contiguous ivory-white spots at the base and two similar spots 
just past the middle, these spots larger and broader than the 
corresponding spots in G. (burifera, Thorns., but very like those 
that occur in the Malayan species G. s^thnuda, Lac. Head im- 
pressed with a deep arcuate groove between the clypeus and front 
as in the other species of the genus ; the mandibles strong, but 
oblique as in the S and with only a dorsal carina gradually 
sloping away in front, instead of the strong, anteriorly projecting 
crest met with in the other species. Antennte of the cJ rather 
more than one-third longer than the body, furnished sparsely with 
longish hairs ; first joint obconical, not very stout, distinctly but 
not very thickly punctured and scarcely impressed in front ; this 
and the two or three succeeding joints rather glossy, the others 
duller. Prothorax minutely and rather sparsely granulate, sparsely 
pubescent, and without tubercles on the disc. Elytra sub-rugulose 
punctate, sparsely clothed with short pubescence, with which some 
longer sub-erect hairs are mixed; each rounded at the apex and 
armed with a sutural spine. 

Len(jth 25 ; breadth 7 mm. 

Hab. Tenasserira : Tavoy (DoJiertij). 

Genus HESPEROPHANES. 

Hesperophanes, Mulsant, CoUopt. de France, Lonr/icornes, p. 66 
(1839) ; Lacord. Gen. (JoUopt. viii, p. 275 (1869). 

Type, H. sericeus, Fab., a species found in Southern Europe and 
North Africa. 

Range. Mediterranean Subregion ; Tenasserim ? ; and "West 
Africa. 

Head feebly raised, slightly concave between the antennae, the 
antennal supports not prominent, front subvertical ; gula with 
a very short, broad mentigerous process. AntenucB longer to a 
greater or less extent than the body in the J , shorter than the 
body in the $ ; first joint gradually thickened to the apex, the 
others subcylindrical or slightly compressed, eleventh slightly 
longer than the tenth in the d" • Prothorax slightly transverse, 
convex above, rounded at the sides and narrowed more towards 
the base than in front. Elytra either parallel-sided or nearly so for 
four-fifths of their length, rounded at the apex. Legs moderately 
long; the femoi'a gradually thickened from the base for two-thirds 
or three-fourths of their length, the hind pair not reaching to the 
apex of the elytra ; first joint of the hind tarsi not longer than 
the next two united. Intercoxal process of prosternum slightly 
arched, sloping gradually posteriorly, usually a little wideneil 
towards the end. 

The species of this genus are in general form very like those of 
Stromatiiim, and are distinguishable from them by the less pro- 
minent antennal supports and the form of the intercoxal process 
of the prosternum. In the males the prothorax is usually larger 
and more convex than in the females, but it never has the large 



HESPEROPIIAXES. 113 

piligerous pit on the side which characterizes the males of 
tStromatium. 

Many of the species placed under this genus in the Catalogue 
of Gemminger and Harold do not really belong to it ; others are 
still unknown to me. The exact range of the geuus is uncertain ; 
that which I have given above is based upon the distribution of 
such species as are known to me. 

106. Hesperophanes cribricollis, Bate.% Proc. Zool. Soc. 1878, p. 720 ; 
id. Sciejitific JResults of the Second Yarkand Mission, Coleoptera, 
p. -21 (1890). 

" Cylindricus, fulvus, pubescentia incumbente cinereo-fulva 
apud elytra maculatim vestitus ; thorace rotundato, elytris multo 
angustiore, intequali, lateribus medio subtuberoso, supra crebre 
alveolato-punctato ; scutello ciuereo ; elytris omnino discrete punc- 
tatus, hand conspicue bicarinatis, apice gradatim angustatis, sub- 
acuininatis." 

" Closely allied to the European H. grisens, but distinguished by 
its smaller and more coarsely reticulate-punctate thorax, and by the 
elytra tapering towards the apex causing the sutural angle to be 
very acute. The fourth antennal joint is only a little shorter than 
the third and the fifth. The tawny-grey, laid pubescence is very 
even on the antennas, the whole under surface, and the legs." 

Length 16g-19 mm. 

Hah. Murree. 



107. Hesperophanes erosilS, Gahan, Aim. Mus. Civ. Genova, xxxiv, 
p. 12 (1894). 

5 . Reddish brown, somewhat darker in colour on the upper- 
side ; the head I'ather densely covered with greyish-brown pubes- 
cence ; the prothorax \\\i\\ some irregular longitudinal spots or 
patches of greyish-brown pubescence, the spaces between obso- 
letely punctured and opaque ; elytra with a closely recumbent 
pubescence distributed in irregular and partly confluent spots 
or patches, the naked intervening spaces somewhat glossy. 
Head marked above with a median line. Antennae extended a 
little beyond the middle of the elytra. Prothorax convex above 
and below, strongly rounded at the sides, marked with a few large 
but shallow punctures on the antero-median part of the disc. 
Scutellura grey. Elytra strongly and very densely punctured ; 
rounded at the apex ; each with two slightly raised longitudinal 
lines. Intercoxal process of prosternum somewhat abruptly 
deflexed posteriorly and slightly narrowed at the end. 

This species is provisionally placed in the genus Hesperoplianes ; 
it may possibly prove, when the male is known, to belong to the 
genus iStromatium. 

Lenr/ih 23 mm. 

Hab. Tenasserim : Meetan (Fea). 

TOL. I. I 



114 



CERAilBTCID.E. 



Genus STEOMATIUM. 

Stromatiuui, Seirille, Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (1834) p. 80 ; Lacorch 
Gen. CoUopt. viii, p. 282 (1869). 

Type, S. harhatum, Fab. 

Eange. Mediterraueau and Malagassy Subregions ; the Oriental 
Eegion, extending tlience through the Eastern Archipelago to 
Batch ian. 

Head with a transverse ridge between the antennoe, slightly 
prominent and acute at each end ; clypeus short, transversely 
depressed ; anteclypeus coriaceous ; labrum transverse ; mandibles 
short, oblique ; gula without mentigerous process ; eyes rather 
deeply emarginate, with large lower lobe, extending anteriorly 
almost up to the genal edge. Antennje about one-third longer 
than the body in the S , scarcely longer than the body in the $ ; 
ciUate beneath ; third joint the longest, fourth slightly shorter 
than the fifth. Prothorax transverse or subquadrate, with the 
sides more or less strongly rounded or protuberant in the $ , 
each marked with a large tomentose depression in the (S . Elytra 
nearly parallel-sided, narrowed and rounded at the apex. Legs 
moderately long ; femora compressed, the front pair very broad a 
little below the base in the (S , and gradually narrowed outwards ; 
the middle and hind pairs gradually and slightly widened up to 
the middle ; the hind pair do not reach to the apex of the elytra 
in the S ; first joint of the hind tarsus not so long as the second 
and third united. Front cosse rounded, their acetabula a little 
augulate towards the side and open posteriorly ; intercoxal process 
gradually deflexed and not dilated towards the end. 

108. Stromatium barbatum, Fah. (Callidium) Syst. Ent. p. 189 
(1775) ; OUv. Entom. iv, no. 70, p. 10, pi. 4, fig. 41 (1795). 
Callidium funestum, Boiscl. Voy. d' Astrolabe, ii, p. 481 (1835). 

Varies in colour from brownish black to reddish brown, 
faintly covered with tawny pubescence. 
Head densely and rather coarsely punc- 
tured above and at the sides, as 
densely but less strongly punctured in 
front. Prothorax verj^ densely covered 
with strong coarse punctures ; the disc 
with five slightly raised tubercles, less 
distinct in the J , placed two anteriorly, 
one behind the middle, and two near 
the base ; the sides broadly and obtusely 
protuberant except near the base, in 
the § ; straighter and marked each with 
a lai'ge tomentose depression, extending 
along the greater part of its length, in 
the S • Elytra coarsely and very densely 
punctured ; each with t\A"o tolenibly dis- 
tinct dorsal and one or two short lateral 
costae, the latter sometimes obsolete; a short sutural tooth at apex. 




i'ig. 45. — Stromatium 
barbatum, Fab., (^ . 



ZOODES. 115 

Lew/tJi 12-29 ; breadth 4-74 mm, 

JIah. luclia; Ceylon; Burma; Andamans. Mauritius; Bourbon; 
Madagascar. 

109. Stroinatium longicorne, Xewman (Arliopalus), Entomologist, i, 
p. 246 (1840). 
Stromatiuin asperuluiu, IF/iite, Cat. Cul. Brit. Mus., Longic. p. 300 

(18oo). 
? Stromatium laticolle, Pascoc, Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. (3) iii, p. 532 
(1869). 

Varies from testaceous to dark brown in colour, ratber densely 
covered "witb greyisb-tawuy pubescence. Antennae nearly twice 
as long as the body in the J , a little longer tban tbe body in 
the 2 ; first joint closely punctulate, canaliculate anteriorly near 
the base in tbe S . Prothorax strougly and densely punctate, 
the punctures more or less hidden by the pubescence ; dilated 
and somewhat rounded at the sides in the male, its width across 
the middle equal to that of the elytra and marked with a 
large, densely tomentose depression on each side ; more sharply 
rounded at the sides in the female ; the disc with four very feeble 
obtuse tubercles and a submedian callosity. Elytra rounded at 
the apex, armed each with a sutural spine ; the surface rather 
densely punctured, the punctures more or less covered over by 
the pubescence, marked also with numerous large conspicuous 
punctures with raised front edges each with a tawny seta. 

This is a widely distributed species, and the variation in size is 
pretty considerable. In some males the prothorax is relatively 
]iot so wide as in larger males ; it is possible that S. laticolle, 
Pasc, founded upon a large male from Batchian Island, is only 
a form in which the prothorax has reached its maximum o£ 
development. 

Learjtli 17-25 ; breadth 4^-7^ mm. 

Hab. Assam {Doherty) ; Upper Burma : Teinzo {Fea). Hong 
Kong; South China; Siam ; Malay Peninsula; Philippines; 
Borneo ; Celebes ; Ceram ; Amboina ; Batchian. 



Genus ZOODES. 

Zoodes, Puscoe, A. M. N. H. (3) xix, p. 319 (1867) ; Lacord. Gen. 
Coleopt. viii, p. 281 (1869). 

Type, Z. maculatus,^\nte. 

Kanr/e. Ceylon, India, Burma, Malay Peninsula. 

Head with a transverse ridge betA^een the autennse, acutely 
prominent on each side, especially in the S ; front short, trans- 
\ersely depressed at its junction with the clypeus ; eyes deeply 
emarginate, with large lower and narrow upper lobe. Antennae 
sparsely pilose, about one-third longer than the body in the 6 , a 
iittle longer than the body in the $ ; first joint short, pyriform or 
obconical ; third a little longer than the fourth ; fourth to tenth 



116 CEUAMBTCID,?:. 

gradually and successively shorter ; eleventh longer than the tenth 
in the c? • Prothorax transverse, slightly rounded at the sides ; 
broader in front than at tlie base, especially in the cS . Elytra 
long, parallel-sided, rounded or truncate at the apex, sometimes 
armed with short spines or teeth. Legs moderately long : femora 
slightly compressed, broader towards the middle, the hind pair 
not reaching to the apex of the elytra. Acetabula of front coxge 
angulate outwards and open posteriorly ; intercoxal process of pro- 
sternum sharply deflexed posteriorly and narrowed towards the end, 
that of the mesosternummuch broader and emai'ginate posteriorly. 

110. Zoodes maculatlis, Wlu'fe (Stromatium ?), Cat. Col. B. M., Lonqic. 

p. 301, pi. 7, fig-. 4 (1855) ; Fascoe, A. M. N. H. (3) xix, p. 319 
(1867) ; Lacord. Gen. Coleopt. viii, p. 282 (18G9). 

Yellowish-testaceous, faintly covered above with a short greyish 
pubescence ; prothorax narrowly black at the front margin, 
marked on the disc in both sexes witli two small black tubercles 
placed transversely before the middle ; elytra paler than the 
thorax, narrowly and more or less completely bordered Avith black 
along the outer margin, marked on the disc of each with black 
spots or fasciae : — one small spot, occasionally absent, a little 
behind the middle of the base, two spots, usually forming a 
narro\^' oblique band, placed a little before the middle, and two 
spots forming an angulate, somewhat V-shaped, fascia, at a greater 
distance behind the middle, the outer ends of these two bands 
sometimes joined by a dark longitudinal streak. Antennte 
testaceous ; the first joint strongly and somewhat abruptly 
thickened in the c? , with an irregular depression at the side 
where the thickening begins, the same joint gradually and less 
strongly thickened in the 5 • Prothorax of the S broad in 
front and gradually narrowed from the middle to the base ; 
that of the 5 feebly tuberculate at the middle of each side, 
slightly narrowed in front as well as towards the base and 
with three feeble elevations on the disc near the base. Elytra 
each rounded externally at the apex, somewhat truncate towards 
the suture and armed at the suture with a slender spine. Body 
beneath and legs with a faint covering of grey pubescence. 

Lenrjfli 16-31 ; breadth 4|-9 mm. 

Hah. Ceylon. 

111. Zoodes quadridentatus, sp. n. 

Nearly allied to Z. onacidatus, White, with a close general 
resemblance to that species ; the apex of each elytron distinctly 
truncate and bidentate, the tooth at the outer angle as strong 
as that at the suture and the first autennal joint in the male 
gradually and less strongly thickened. Prothorax margined with 
black btiiind as well as in front, with an arcuate black band on 
the lower ])art of each side. In the female the black markings- 
on the elytra are very much as in Z. maculatus ; in the male the 



ZOODES. 



117 



ante-median and post-median black fascios are broader and more 
distinct and joined at their inner ends with a longitudinal black 
streak, while the space between them is of a distinctly paler colour 
than the rest of the elytra. 

Lenijth 17-24 ; breadth d-Q>\ mm. 

Hah. S. India : Anaimalai Hills {H. L. Amlreiues). 



112. Zoodes fulguratus, sp. n. 

2 . Yellowish brown, the elytra of a paler, somewhat 
whitish colour ; faintly covered with short grey pnbesceuce and 
furnished besides with long scattered hairs, especially on the 
miderside ; head marked on the front with a triangular black spot 
which extends between the antennal supports and joins a trans- 
verse black spot on the vertex ; prothorax with the front and hind 
margins, two short bands on the disc extending from the base to 
the middle and a few spots on each side, blackish brown ; elytra 
each with the sutural and lateral borders, a short oblique vitta at 
the base, two zigzag bands, placed one before the other, at some 
distance behind the middle and a line joining the inner ends of 
these two bands, dark brown ; the space between the zigzag bands 
somewhat paler than the rest of the elytron. Prothorax with 
a small tubercle at the front end of each of the two discal bands, 
and some granules along the bands. Elytra rounded and unarmed 
at the apex, each with two slightly raised dorsal lines. 

Lenf/fh 22 ; breadth 6 mm. 

Hah. Upper Burma : Maymyo (Bingham) ; Ruby Mines 
(Dohertij). 

113. Zoodes nilgiriensis, sp. n. 

(5 . Dark brown, rather densely covered above with short 
greyish -tawny pubescence ; elyti'a with a darker patch on each a 
little behind the middle, enclosing an irregular pale yellow band 
or spot, which is variable in size and some- 
times almost obsolete. Antennae more than 
one-third longer than the body ; first joint 
gradually thickened from the base, feebly 
depressed in front near the base. Prothorax 
broad in front, gradually narrow-ed from 
the middle to the base ; the disc with two 
feeble tubercles before the middle, a short 
median impression near the base, and 
another feeble impression on each side. 
Elytra rounded, or sometimes subtruncate 
at the apex. Body beneath and legs 
covered with short grey pubescence inter- 
mixed with some longer hairs. 
2 . Reddish brown, the elytra marked as in the d • Antenna 
a little longer than the body. Prothorax narrowed in front as 
well as towards the base, rounded at the middle of each side ; the 




Fig. 46. — Zoodes 
nilgiriensis, Gabau, i^. 



118 CERAMBTCID.i:. 

discal tubercles and the median basal impression more distinct 
than in the J , and the lateral impressions absent. 

Lencftli 13-21 ; breadth 3^-6 mm. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills {H. L. Andreives). 

114. Zoodes eburioides, Lacord. Gen. CoUopt. viii, p. 282 (1869). 

? Stromatium cavinulatuni, Karsch, Berl. Ent. Zeit. xxvi.p. 389 (1882). 
Stromatium si<;niferimi, Fasc. A. M. N. H. (o) xv, p. 53 (1885). 

Yellowish or brownish testaceous, covered above with a short- 
greyish pubescence ; elytra marked each with t\^o M-hite spots 
that are somewhat variable in size, — the first at the base, appears as 
two short unequal spots united in front and divided posteriorly, and 
has a more or less distinct black border, the second placed for the 
most part behind the middle usually takes tlie form of an irregular 
oblique fascia made up of two spots side by side, the inner one 
somewhat in advance of the outer, this spot also bordered with 
black except on the outer side, which approaches more or less 
closely to the outer margin of the elytron. Antennae about one- 
third longer than the body in the S , the first joint blackish 
brown, the rest testaceous ; a little longer than the body and 
entirely testaceous in the $ . Prothorax of the c? about one-fourth 
broader than long, rounded at the sides, narrowed a little at the 
base, pubescent above and marked with two very faint impressions ; 
that of the $ shorter and narrower, somen hat parallel-sided, with 
a shorter and fainter pubescence and five feeble nodosities on the 
disc. Body beneath sparsely clothed with grey pubescence. 

Lenr/th 16-25; breadth 4-6 mm. 

Hab. Ceylon. 

115. Zoodes COmpressilS, Fah. (Callidium) Mantissa Ins. i, p. 153 

(1787). 

Entirely brown in colour, the head and prothorax of a rather 
darker shade than the other parts. Head densely rugulose- 
punctate ; the clypeus with an elliptical or semicircular, slightly 
depressed area adjoining the front ; the antennal supports acutely 
angulate on the inner side in the $ , raised in a short blunt 
spine in the c? • Antenufe one-third or so longer than the body 
in the c? , nearly as long as the body in the $ ; sparsely 
fringed with longish hairs beneath ; first joint stout, strongly 
and densely punctured, second to fifth or sixth sparsely punc- 
tate and subnitid, the succeeding joints covered with a very short 
fine pubescence. Prothorax of d widest just before the middle, 
narrowed a little more towards the base than in front; the 
surface opaque, evenly convex, not very densely covered with 
rather small asperate punctures, each of which bears a short, pale» 
curved seta ; a median line on posterior half subnitid ; prothorax 
of 2 widest at the middle, the surface more densely asperate 
and setose ; with two A'ery small tubercles on the disc a little 
before the middle. Elytra very densely rugulose-punctate, 
appearing as if granulated ; ver}- slightly nitid ; a little flattened 



CEEAMBYCINI. 119 

near the suture ; separately rounded at the apex and armed 
each M'ith a short spine at the suture. Hind breast and 
abdomen subnitid, sparsely pubescent. Legs su'ouitid, minutely 
punctnlate and sparsely pubt'scent ; femora elongate-fusiform, 
laterally compressed, widest at about the middle, gradually narrowed 
towards base and apex ; first joint of hind tarsus slightly longer 
than the second and third united. The elytra are relatively 
broader in the $ than in the 6 , a little broader than the broadest 
part of the prothorax, whereas in the cS they are not quite so 
broad. 

Len</th 10-24; hreadth 4-7 mm. 

Hah. Gwalior ; Madras ; Malabar ; Siam. 

Group CERAMBYCINI. 

The head usually has in front a central area Hmited by impressed 
lines or grooves ; gula with short menfcigerous process ; ligula 
membranous. Antennae longer as a rule than body in d , with 
third, fourth and sometimes fifth joints more or less thickened 
at apex, fourth shorter than the third or fifth. Acetabula of front 
coxse generally rounded, sometimes angulate, on outer side, closed 
or very nearly closed posteriorly ; the intercoxal process more or 
less strongly dilated at the end. Acetabula of middle coxse open to 
epimera. Metasternum without scent-pores. First sternite of abdo- 
men distinctly longer than the second. Wing-venation reduced, 
apparently by disappearance of posterior branch of Cu 1 and of 
connecting- vein between Cu 2 and A 1. 

The genera of this group are exceedingly variable in structure, 
and do not admit of being characterized with any great amount of 
precision. The characters given in the synopsis w-hich follows, 
though applying to the great majority of the species in each 
genus, may possibly be found not to apply to all. 

Synopsis of Genera. 

A. Acetabula of front coxa3 angulated on outer 

side. 

a. Prothorax strongly tuberculate or spined 

oil each side ..." Ploc^derus, p. 120. 

b. Prothorax unarmed at sides Neoceramb-sx, p. 124. 

B. Acetabula of front coxfe not angulate on 

outer side, or but very feebly so, 
a. Antennae not strongly compressed and 
dilated on anterior side, usually much 
longer than body in c? . 
a'. Prothorax not, or but very little, longer 
than broad, 
a-. Head with obtuse median carina 

between upper lobes of eves ^olesthes, p. 126. 

b-. Head with usually a median groove, 
never a carina, between upper lobes 
of eyes. 
a^. Antenual supports acutely pro- 
minent on inner side ....'. Massicus, p. 129. 



120 CERAMBYCID.i:. 

b^. Auteniial supports more or less 
depressed. 
a\ Antennae spined behind at apex [p. 131. 

of joints three to ten Hoplocebambyx, 

bK Antenn.-B not spined behind. 
a\ Intercoxal process of pro- 
sternum truncate or tuber- 
culate posteriori}'. 
e". First anteuual joint with 

narrow cicatrix at apex . . Diorthus, p. 132. 
b'\ First antenual joint without 
cicatrix at apex. 
a~. Femora not carinate .... Pachydissus, p. 133. 
b'. Femora finely carinate 

along each side Derolus, p. ]3o. 

b\ Intercoxal process of pro- 
feternum gradually sloped 

posteriorly Margites, p. 137. 

b'. Prothorax distinctly longer than broad, 
at least in (^ . 
cc. Antennae not fringed beneath in <$ ; 

eyes less deeply emarginate Dymasius, p. 139. 

b"^. Antennae fringed with short hairs 
beneath in c?; eyes divided or 

deeply emarginate Dialeges, p. 141. 

b. Antennae more or less deeply compressed 
and dilated on anterior side, not much 
longer, sometimes shorter, than body 
in J- 
a' . Prothorax distinctly longer than broad. Sebasmia, p. 143. 
/■'. Prothorax very little, or not at all longer 
than broad. 
fl". Elytra not carinate at sides near 
apex. 
(<?. Prothorax broader than long ; au- [p. 145. 

tennae as long as body in $ .... Trachytophus, 
h^. Prothorax not broader than long ; 
antennae much shorter than body 

in 2 Rhytidodera, p. 146. 

Ir. Elytra carinate at sides near apex . . Xoaxodera, p. 148. 

Genus PLOC^DERUS. 

Plocaederus, Thorns. Essai Class. Ceramb. p. 197 (1861) ; Lacord. 

Gen. C'oleopt. viii, p. 254 (1869). 
Plocederus, Gemm. S,- Harold, Cat. Col. ix, p. 2799 (1872). 

Type, P. qianipennis, Thorns., a "West-Africau species. 

Bange. Africa south of the Sahara, Western Asia, aud Indo- 
jNIaiayan Eegion. 

Head with a median carina between the upper lobes of the 
eyes which extends downwards along the inter-antennarv sulcus ; 
front Mith a transverse subelliptical impression. Antennae of c? 
niucli longer than the body, those of the $ only a little longer ; 
third joint one-third longer than the fourth ; fifth to tenth subequal 
to each other aud to the third, sharply edged in front aud augulate 



PJiOC.^EDERUS. 



121 



or spined at the apex, the third and fourth joints sometimes also 
angulate or spiuose at the apex. Prothorax transverse, armed 
with a spine or prominent tubercle on each side, corrugate above. 
Elytra truncate at the apex and usually dentate or spined at the 
angles. Legs rather long, femora laterally compressed ; first 
joint of hind tarsus shorter than the next two united. Acetabula 
of front coxte angulate on the outer side and almost closed poste- 
riorly. Prosternum raised between the coxa}, vertical or almost 
vertical posteriorly, and truncate or tuberculate at its lower angle. 

I. Prothorax with a strong, sharp, and slighthj recurved spine on 
each side. 

116. Plocsederus ferrugineus, ii««, (Cerambyx) Syst. Nat. 12th ed. 
p. 026 (17(J0). 
Cerambyx o-igas, Fab. Mant. Ins. i. p. 132 (1787). 
Cerambvx ferruo-Lueus, Fah. Ent. Si/st. i, 2, p. 256 (1792) ; Oltv. 

Ent. iV, no. 67, p. 9, pi. 18, tig. 134 (1795). 
Lamia umbriua, Balm, in Schoen. Si/n. Ins. i, 3, Append, p. 161 

Hammaticherus uitidus, White, Cat. Col. B. M., Lowjic. p. 127 

(1853). 
Cerambvx versutus, Puscoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (2) v, p. 20 (18o9). 
riociedeius ferrugineus, var., Gahan, A. M. N. H. (6) v, p. 51 (1890). 

Eeddish brown, the head and thorax dark brown or almost 
black, the sides of the breast and the greater part of the antennae 
also, inclining to a dark brown colour ; clothed with a yellowish- 
grey pubescence which is somewhat longer and denser on the 
underside of the body, but very short and faint on the upperside, 
especially on the elytra. Antenmne of 6 twice as long as the 
body, very minutely granulated ; joints fifth to tenth angulate in 
front at the apex ; antennae of 2 scarcely longer than the body, not 
granulate, joints fifth to tenth more distinctly angulate than in the 
S . Prothorax armed with a strong, sharp, shghtly recurved spine 
on each side, strongly and irregularly corrugated above. Elytra 
very finely and closely punctulate all over, not less finely near 
the base than towards the apex ; very faintly pubescent^ at 
the sides and almost bare of pubescence on the disc; apices 
dentate at the suture and somewhat acute at the outer angles. 

Length 26-45 ; breadth 8-15 mm. 

Hah. Ceylon and Trivandrum. 

A^ar. nig'er, Gahan, agrees with the typical form except in the 
colour of the elytra ; these are very dark brown or almost black. 

Hah. Bengal. 

117. Plocsederus obesus, Gahan, A. M. N. H. (6) v, p. 51 and (6) vi, 

p. 250 (^1890). 
Plocederus pedestris, Cot.es (uec White), Ind. Mus. Notes, i, no. 2, 
pi. V, tig. 4. 

Of a reddish-chestnut or testaceous colour, clothed with a short 



122 



CERAMB\CID-I. 



but rather dense tawuy-gre}' pubescence, which on the upperside, 
as well as ou the underside of the body, almost completely covers 
the derm ; prothoi'ax blackish at the front and hind margins ; elytra 

more or less black along the 
^ sutural and lateral edges ; 

/M anteunte ferruginous, with 
the intermediate joints 
usually tipped with black 
at the apex. Antennse of 
c? much longer than the 
body ; first joint stout, 
rugulose-puuctjite ; the re- 
maining joints very finely 
granulate, fifth to tenth 
acutely angulate in front 
at the apex ; antennae of 
2 scarcely longer than 
the body, not granulate ; 
joints fifth to tenth acutel\^ 
angulate at the apex. Pro- 
thorax armed with a strong, 
sharp, slightly recurved 
spine on each side; strongly 
corrugate above, the ridges 
sometimes very irregular, 
sometimes more or less 
transverse and wavy. Ely- 
tra very finely and closely 
punctulate all over, but 
with the punctures hardly 
visible owing to the cover- 
ing of pubescence ; the 




Fig. 47. 
PloccBdcrus ohcsus, Gahan, S • 



truncate apices shortly spined at each of the angles. 

Lenrjth 27-45; breadth 9-15 mm. 

Hah. Northern India : Sikkim; Calcutta; Assam: Burma; Siam; 
Andaman Islands. Eecorded also from Ceylon, but this record 
requires confirmation. 

This species, wrongly identified ^?,P. pcdestris, "White, is noticed 
in ' Indian Museum Notes ' (vol. i, no. 2, p. 91) as being injurious 
to Siil {Shorea rohusta) and Jingham (0(?(«rt wodur), and is, no doubt, 
as stated in the ' Notes,' the insect referred to in the following 
extract from Mr. E. Thompson's ' Eeport on Insects injurious to 
Woods and Forests ' (1867) p. 415 :— 

" A third Monochamus beetle was found under circumstances of 
extraordinary development. The pupae were discovered in solid 
cocoons, made of a substance resembling Hme. The shell was 
fully the sixteenth of an inch in thickness, quite hard and firm, 
offering in fact more resistance to the pressure of the fingers 
than would a pigeon's egg. They were discovered beneath the 



PLOC.^DERUS. 123 

bark, imbedded between it fiud the wood, in a felled tree of the 
Butea frondosa or Dhak. The larvae had apparently only lived on 
the sap-wood, and underwent the second metamorphosis on the 
site of their original operations ; another remarkable tact was 
that these beetles are in the perfect state as early as March. 
In a footnote he adds:-" I have since obtained numerous speci- 
mens of these beetles and their cocoons; imbedded to a depth ot 
eic^ht inches in logs of Odiaa wodier and Bomhax heptaplujlkmi. 
Thev are the commonest and earliest variety of Monochami out, 
the perfect insects haviug been obtained as early in the season as 

November." , ^„ ^^ ^ . .^ 

Cocoons of Plocmlervs obesus from the Shan States, given to 
the British Museum by Mr. Gates, answer perfectly to the 
above description. They are egg-hke, and consist almost entirely 
of calcium carbonate, dissolving readily in acids and leaving no 
residue. African species of the genus form similar cocoons ; so 
that probably all the species are alike in this respect. 

II. ProtJiorax ivith a rather short, conical spine on each side. 

118. PloCEederus pedestris, White (Ilammaticherus), Cat. Col. B. M., 
Longic. p. I'll (1853). 
Almost black, with the antennae and legs ferruginous; clothed 
with a faint grey pubescence. Antenna, of the $ a little longer 
than the body ; joints fifth to tenth denticulately produced at the 
anterior apical angle. Prothorax armed with a rather short 
conical spine on each side; strongly and irregularly corrugate 
above. Elytra shghtly narrowed backwards ; finely and closely 
punctate, the punctures on the basal half, especially near the base 
a little larger and more crowded together than those on the apical 
half ; the truncate apices dentate at each of the angles. 

Lenqth 25-28 ; breadth 7|-S mm. 

Hab. North-West, Northern, and Central India : Mhow 

119. Plocffiderus humeralis, White (Hammatichems), Cat. Col. B.M., 
Longic. p. 127 (1853). 
Eeddish brown or ferruginous in colour, the elytra of a 
more reddish or testaceous tint, suffused with dark brown at 
the shoulders and sometimes also along the sides ; the femora 
sometimes tipped with dark brown at the apex. Antenna? ot 
the 9 a little longer than the body, those of the 6 much longer 
and with a thicker first joint; joints fifth to tenth denticulately 
produced at the anterior angle. Elytra punctulate m tlie same 
manner as in P. pedestris, and similarly quadri-dentate at the apex. 

Length 22-i'2; breadth Q\-10 mm. 

Hab. Northern India; Bombay; S. India; Burma: ^oith 
Chin HiUs. 



124 



CER.A MBYCID.5;. 



120. Plocaederus COnsocius, Pascoe{CevAm\)\^),Trcms.Ent.Soc.Lond. 

(•2) V, p. 1^0 (1859); Gahan (Plocederus), A. M. N. H. (6) vi, 
p. 2-58 (18y0j. 

!Ferruginous-browD, with the elytra of a dark-brown colour 
along the outer borders ; clothed above with a faint greyish 
pubescence. Prothoras armed with a short and rather blunt 
spine on each side ; strongly but somewhat irregularly wrinlded 
above. Elytra fiuel}- and closely punctured, the puuctures on the 
basal part unite and form a fine rugosity, those near the apex 
are sparser and more minute ; the truncate apices with a spine 
at each angle. 

This species is very closely allied to P. Jiumeralis, White, and 
apart from colour, differs from it only in being somewhat more 
sparsely punctulate towards the apex of the elytra, also the latter 
are more distinctly quadri-spinose. 

Length 26 ; hreadiji 8^ mm. 

Hah. Ceylon, 

Genus NEOCERAMBYX. 

Neocerambvx, Thorns. Essai Class. Cenimb. p. 194 (1861) ; Lacord. 
Gen. Coleopt. viii, p. 250 (1869). 

Type, N. parts, Wied. 

Range. India, Burma, Siam, Malay Peninsula, Borneo, and 
Japan. 

Head strongly exserted, marked with a median groove above 
between the eyes, anteanal supports depressed ; front subvertical, 
genge moderately long ; eyes not extending anteriorly past the 
condyles of the antennae. Autennge very much longer than the 
body in the S , shorter than the body in the 2 ; joints fifth to tenth 
subangulate in front at the apex ; 'fourth joint shorter than the 
third or fifth ; eleventh in the S much longer than the tenth. 
Prothorax transverse, a little rounded in the middle at each side, 
narrowed in front, marked with a transverse groove near the apex 
and another near the base ; covered above in most of its extent 
with strong undulating and irregular ridges. Elytra convex, 
narrowed slightly posteriorly, rounded at the apex. Legs mode- 
rately long, subequal in length ; femora sublinear, the hind pair not 
reaching to the apex of the elytra ; first joint of hind tarsus not 
quite equal to the next two united. Acetabula of front coxae 
angulated on the outer side. 

121. Neocerambyx paris, Wied. (Cerambvx) Germ. Mag. Ent. iv, 

p. 167(1821). 
Cerambvx brama, Xeicman, Ent. Maij. v, p. 493 (1837). 

Dark brown, covered with golden pubescence, which is denser 
on the elytra, and there also gives moire reflections. Head with 
a deep groove above between the eyes ; the elliptical impression 
on the face is well marked and limits a central plaque which lies 
below the level of the surrounding parts. Antennae twice as long 



NEOCERAMBYX. 



125 



as the body in the male ; first joint stout, subcyhndrical. traus- 
Aersely wrinkled posteriorly ; third and foui'th but slightly thick- 
ened at the apex; the third nearly one-third longer than the 
fourth ; fifth to tenth subequal or very slightly increasing in length, 
each at least as long as the third ; eleventh more than twice as 
long as the tenth ; antenna? of $ about three-fourths the length 
of the body; fifth joint shghtly shorter than third; sixth to tenth 
gradually diminishing in length ; the eleventh barely longer than 
the tenth. Prothorax feebly rounded at the sides, marked with a 
transverse groove near the apex and two narrow grooves near 
the base, the anterior of these two sinuous, the posterior 
nearly ti-ansverse ; disc with an oblong smooth space, not always 
well defined, extending from the sinuate basal groove up to the 
middle and limited on each side by a longitudinal impression ; 
the rest of the upper surface between the apical and basal grooves 
covered with strong irregular ridges. Elytra separately rounded 
at the apex, armed each with a short spine at the suture. Inter- 
ocular space on the ventral side of the head densely and finely 
punctate and thinly pubescent ; this punctate space, which is 

somewhat concentric in 
shape, is depressed an- 
teriorly and preceded by a 
sinuately transverse ridge, 
m front of \\'hich is a 
groove. The intercoxal pro- 
cess of prosternum forms an 
arch which reaches almost 
to a level with the cosce 
in the middle ; it is slightly 
canaliculate along the 
middle and very feebly 
protuberant posteriorly. 

Length 5S-78 ; breadth 
17-23 mm. 

Hah. Mysore : Banga- 
lore ; Burma; Siam; Singa- 
pore. 

122. Neocerambyx gran- 
dis, Gahun, A.M.N.H. 
(G) vii, p. 20 (1891). 

Dark brown ; densely 
covered with silky pub- 
escence which has a slightly 
golden lustre, and on the 
elytra gives feeble moire 
reflections. Head marked 
above with a narrow and rather feeble median groove extending 
between the eyes and antennal supports. Antenute nearly twice 
as long as the body in the 6 , with the third and fourth joints 




Fig. 48. 
^eoceramhya: f/raiidis, Gahan, (^ , 



126 CEBAMBYCID.i:. 

very strongly, the fifth less strongly thickened towards the apex, 
the fourth about equal in length and thickness to the first, 
the third a little longer and thicker than the fourth, subequal in 
length to the fifth ; shorter than the body in the 5 , with the 
third and fourth joints vei'y slightly thickened, the seventh to 
tenth more angulate at the apex than in the c? • Prothorax 
somewhat obtusely angulate or protuberant at the middle of each 
side ; the whole of the disc strongly and irregularly rugose. 
Elytra rounded and unarmed at the apex. Acetabula of front 
coxae angulate on the outer side ; the iutercoxal process vertically 
deflexed posteriorly. 

Length 56-59 ; breadth 15-17 mm. 

Hab. Allahabad ; Assam (Atkinson coll.) ; Patkai Mts. (Dohevty). 

Genus ^OLESTHES. 
.^olesthes, Ga/ian, A. M. N. H. (6) vi, p. 2o0 (1890). 

Type, ^. aiiyifaber, White (Hammaticherns), a species from 
Borneo and Penang. 

Rawje. Oriental Eegion, extending to Kashmir, Baluchistan, 
and Turkestan in one direction, and to jS'ew Guinea and the 
Solomon Islands in another. 

Head marked with a somewhat circular furrow in front, that 
circumscribes a flattened slightly raised space, witli a straight or 
arcuate transverse groove beneath between the cheeks ; vertex 
with a more or less distinct carina passing from the inter- 
antennary sulcus in front to a level with the hind border of the 
eyes posteriorly, also a narrow shallow pit behind the carina. 
Antennae of the male much longer than the body, with each of 
the joints from the third to the fifth thickened at the apex, and 
each from the fifth to the eighth armed with a small spine at the 
hinder apical angle ; those of the female a little longer than the 
body, with the same joints more distinctly spined posteriorly, and 
produced also into a sharp angle or tooth in front at the apex. 
Prothorax unarmed, rounded or subaiigulate at the middle of each 
side, strongly wrinkled above. Elytra clothed with a rich silky 
pubescence, so arranged that certain parts appear duller or 
brighter according to the direction of the light falling upon them ; 
the apices truncate, with a spine or tooth at each of the angles. 
Acetabula of front coxte very feebly angulate on the outer side ; 
iutercoxal process of presternum raised and more or less truncate 
posteriorly. 

123. JEolesthes basicornis, Gahan, A. M. X.H. (G) xi, p. 377 (1893). 

Dark brown, covered with a dense greyish or golden silky 
pubescence, so arranged on the elj'tra as to present the appearance 
of a number of spots or patches varying in brilliancy according 
to the direction of the light; legs reddish brown. Intergenal 
groove on the underside of the head nearly straight, only 



JXaOLESISSS. 



L27 



slightly arched forwards in. the mindle. AnteimaB of o" about 
three times as long as the body : first and third joints transversely 
■vrrinkled, especially beneath ; third abruptly thickened at the apex, 
with the ring-like thickening projecting most posteriorly ; fourth 
and fifth also thickened slightly at the apex, third a little longer, 
and fourth a little shorter, than the first: fifth as long as, or 




Fig. 49. — ^oles^Aes boiicornis, Gahan, f . X J- 

slightly longer than the third ; sixth, to tenth successirelv longer, 
eleventh very long ; fifth to eighth spined posteriorly, and sixth to 
tenth dentate in front at the apex. Prothorax protuberant and 
somewhat tuberculate at the middle of each side ; strongly wrinkled 
above and marked with two longitudinal impressions that converge 
in front and hmit a central space wTJnkled less deeply than the 
rest of the surface. Each elytron truncate in a slightlv obliijue 
direction at the apex, and shortly spined at the angles. 

Length '3o—3& ; breadth 10 1 mm. 

H-.ib, Andaman Islands. 



12-t. .aiolesthes holosericea. Fad. (^Cerambyi) Jfant. ik,-. i, p. 135 

(^17S7). 
Pachydissus velutinus. Thorns, <%sf . CeroTnd. p. 576 (1865). 
Pachydissus siniilis. Gahan, A. JI. S. H. (6) v. p. -52 (1S90). 
Neocerambvx holosericeus. Cotes. I/id. JIus. Sotes^ i» no. 2, pp. 60 dc 

S^, pi. o.'fio:. 3 i^lj^). 

Dark brown, sometimes reddish brown, densely covered with s 
silky pubescence of a greyish or a light-brown colour ; the elytra 



128 CEEAMBTCID^. 

exhibit bands or patches, some duller, some brighter, like watered 
silk, which change in brilliancy according to the incidence of the 
light ; antennae and legs with a thinner and more uniform 
greyish pubescence. Head with a straight or very feebly bisinuate 
furrow beneath between the cheeks. Third joint of the an- 
tennse smooth, gradually thickened at the apex. Prothorax 
rounded at each side; irregularl}' wrinkled above, with a sub- 
central smooth space which is limited on each side by a longi- 
tudinal impression and marked sometimes, especially near its 
anterior end, with a median groove. 

Lengili 20-35; hreadOi 5|-10 mm. 

Hah. Korth-West India ; Bombay; Nilgiris ; Ceylon; Assam; 
Tenasserim ; Andaman and Nicobar Islands ; tSiam ; Malay 
Peuinsula. 

125. .ffiolesthes sinensis, Gahan, A. M. N. H. (6) vi, p. 255 (1890). 

Very hke yii". 7io?ose')vVea,Pab.,but distinguishable by the following 
characters : — Prothorax somewhat augulate at the middle of each 
side in both sexes ; the upper surface more completely wrinkled, 
the subcentral space inclosed between the two longitudiual impres- 
sions almost as strongly wrinkled as the rest of the surface, and 
this space also completely divided by a median groove. The 
elytra are as a rule somewhat darker in colour, and the pubescence, 
which usually has a yellowish or brownish tint, appears more 
broken up into patches. 

Length 25-30 ; hreadtli 6|-9 mm. 

Hah. Upper Burma ; Southern China. 

12G. .ffiolestlies indllta, IS^ewmun (Hamuiaticherus), Entomologist, i. 
p. 245(184-2). 

Extremely like J^.liolosericea,'Fdi\i., in size, form, coloration, <fec., 
but with the furrow Avhich crosses the underside of the head 
betw^een the cheeks very clearly defined, and strongly arched 
backwards in the middle : this character alone serves to distin- 
guish it from liolosericea, in w^hicli the furrow is either straight, 
slightly arched forwards, or feebly bisinuate, and not quite so deep 
and well defined. 

Length 23-38; hreadth 6i-lU mm. 

Hah. Ceylon; Upper Burma: Bhamo (Ft'rt) ; Siam ; Sumatra; 
Java ; Borneo ; Philippine Islands. 

127. .ffiolesthes indicola, Bates (Neocerambvx), Eiitomohgist. xxiv, 
Sup2}l. p. 21 (1891). 

Closely allied to ^. holosericea, Fab., and ^. induta, Newm. ; 
agrees with them in the form of the prothorax and in that it has 
the sixth to eighth antenual joints armed with a distinct spine at 
the apex on the posterior side. The rugosities of the prothorax are 
more confused and the oblong discoidal plate much less defined and 



MASSICUS. 129 

somewhat rugose. The iutergenal groove on the underside of the 
head is much widened and forms a straight, transverse, rather 
shallow depression. The prosternal process is also different and 
is arcuated to the tip, the latter not projecting as in the above- 
mentioned species. Outer apex of elytra obtusely angulated, not 
dentate. 

Lencjtli 25 mm. 

Hah. N.W. India : Kulu {Copt. Graham Young). 

128. .ffiolesthes sarta, Sohla/ (Pachydissus), Hor. Soc. Ent. Ross, viii, 
p. 1.30, pi. 5, tig. 4 (1871). 

Much larger on the average than ^'E. Jiolosericeus, with the 
pubescence of a greyish colour, the bright patches on the elytra 
with a silvery lustre, whereas in most of the other species of the 
genus they have a golden or coppeiy tint. Prothorax subangulate 
at the sides ; the discoidal plate not very well defined and more 
or less rugose. Elytra obliquely truncate at the apex, the 
outer angle unarmed and the sutural one dentate or shortly 
spined. The antennae not as loug as the body in the female, and 
twice or more than twice the length of the body in the male ; 
in the latter sex the spines at the posterior apices of joints six to 
eight are exceedingly miiuite and scarcely visible. Jntergenal 
groove on the underside of the head straight and rather shallow. 
Intercoxal process of presternum truncate posteriorly. 

Length 33-44 ; breadth 9-13 mm. 

Hub. Baluchistan: Quetta (E. F. Stebbing); Turkestan; Western 
Tibet. 

Genus MASSICUS. 

Couothorax, Thorns, {nee JeJcel) Si/st. C'eramb. p. 230 (1864). 
Mas^icus, Paseoe, A. M. N. H. (3) xix, p. 319 (1867) ; Lacord. Gen. 
Coleopt. viii, p. 260 (1869). 

Type, M. pascoei, Thorns., a species from the Malay Peninsula. 

Range. Ceylon, Malay Peninsula, and Boi'neo. 

Head above between the eyes with a short median groove; 
antennal supports prominent, acute on the inner side ; eyes not 
reaching below the condyles of the antennae in front ; geuae rather 
short but distinct. Antennae a little longer thaji the body in 
the 2 and very much longer in the J ; first joint cariuate, 
.sometimes angulate anteriorly at the apex; joints fifth or sixth 
to tenth acutely angulate or dentate at the apex on the anterior 
side, sometimes spined at the apex on the posterior side ; third 
and fourth thickened towards the apex, the ele^■enth very long 
in the S . Prothorax not longer or but slightly longer than 
broad, narrowed in front but less so at the base. Elytra long, 
gradually narrowed posteriorly and truncate at the apex, with 
the sutural angles spined. Femora nearly parallel-sided, the hind 
pair not reaching to the elytral apex ; first joint of hind tarsus as 
long as the next two united or longer. Intercoxal process of 
prosternum truncate posteriorly. 

yoL. I. k: 



130 ceeambtcib.t:. 

129. Massicus unicolor, sp. n. 

c5' . Blackish-brown, covered all over with short pubescence of 
a uniform greyish tint. Antennae not quite twice the length 
of the body ; the first joint short and thick, not reaching to the 
front margin of the prothorax, sharply edged and angulate in front 
at the apex ; third half as long again as the first, and strongly 
thickened from the middle towards the apex ; fourth subequal in 
length to the first, thickened less strongly than the third ; fifth 
longer than the third and shorter than the sixth ; sixth to eighth 
subequal in length ; ninth and tenth shorter ; eleventh nearly twice 
as long as the tenth ; sixth to tenth angulated at the apex in front, 
unarmed posteriorly. Prothorax somewhat rounded at the sides, 
constricted a little behind the apex, marked with one transverse 
furrow near the apex and with two near the base ; the whole of 
the upper surface between these grooves coarsely and irregularly 
corrugated. Elytra transversely truncate at the apex, Avitli the- 
outer angles obtuse and the sutural ones spined. Intercoxal 
process of prostei*num truncate and prominent posteriorly. First 
joint of hind tarsus about equal in length to the second and third 
united. 

Length 55; hreadth 15 mm. 

Hah. Assam : Patkai Mts. (Doheri>/). 

130. Massicus venustus, Fascoe (Cerambvx) Trans. Ent.Soc. Loud. (2> 

V; p. 19 (1859). 

Body and legs entirelj'' covered with a dense dull ochreous- 
browB pubescence ; first three or four joints of the antennae 
similarly pubescent, the remaining joints Avitli a much finer 
greyish pubescence through Avhich the dark brown colour of the 
derm appears. Antennae of J half as long again as the body ; 
first joint stout, subcylindrical, Avith a narrow cicatrix at the 
apex bounded by a short oblique carina ; third and fourth joints 
thickened towards the apex, third longer than the foin-th, and 
fourth slightly longer than the first ; each of the joints from the^ 
fifth to the tenth produced in a more or less sharp angle or tooth 
in front and furnished with a short spine posteriorly, at the apex ; 
sixth and seventh joints subequal, each longer than any other 
except the eleventh, which is more than twice as long as the tenth. 
Prothorax slightly longer than broad, somewhat rounded at the 
sides, narrowed in front, and a little also towards the base; 
strongly corrugated above in slightly sinuous transverse lines. 
Elytra truncate each in a slightly oblique direction at the apex,, 
with a veiy short spine at the suture. Prosternum raised bet^^•eeu 
the coxfe, vertically inclined posteriorly. 

Length 3G-57; hreadth 9-15 mm. 

Ihd>. Cevlon. 



HOPLOCERAMBTX. 131 

Genus HOPLOCERAMBYX. 

Hoplocerambyx, Thomson, tSi/st. Ceramh. p. 220 (1864) : Lacord. Gen. 
Coleopt. viii, p. 260 (1869). 

Type, //. spinicoriiis, Ne\vt)i. 

Haiuje. Northern India to New Guinea. 

Head strongly exserted; vertex marked with a deep median 
groove extending between the eyes and continued as a shallower 
groove between the antennal supports; the latter depressed; 
front oblique, marked with a fovea on each side; mandibles rather 
long in the J , straight at base, sharply turned in at apex ; eyes 
deeply emarginate, not extending past the antennal supports in 
front, the genae in consequence rather long. Antennte from one- 
fitth to one-third longer than the body in the male, and a little 
shorter than the body in the female, the joints from the third 
to the tenth spined posteriorly at the apex and the fifth to 
tenth acutely angulate or subdentate in front, especially in the 
female ; fourth joint much shorter than the third or fifth, 'eleventh 
joint much longer than the tenth in the male, a little longer 
than the tenth in the female. Prothorax somewhat longer than 
broad, constricted in front, rounded at the sides between the 
anterior constriction and the base ; transversely wrinkled above, 
but with a smooth space on the middle of the disc. Elytra convex, 
narrowed posteriorly, truncate at the apex. Leijs moderately long ; 
femora slightly compressed, the hind pair scarcely reaching to the 
apex of the elytra in the J ; first joint of hind tarsus nearly as 
long as the next two united. Acetabula of front coxaj closed on 
the outer side as well as posteriorly ; intercoxal process truncate 
posteriorly. 

131. Hoplocerambyx spinicornis, Newman (Hammaticlieriis), Uniom. 
i. p. 245 (1N42). 
Cerambyx? morosus, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (2) iv, p. 92 (1857). 
Hoplocerambyx relictus, Pascoe, P. Z. S. 1866, p. 528. 
Hoplocerambyx morosus, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (3) iii, p. 515 
(1869). ^ 

Brownish black, the elytra varying in colour from piceous 
to reddish brown; a fine grey pubescence covers the head, pro- 
thorax, antennae, legs, and underside; the elytra more densely 
covered with a silky pubescence of a fulvous grey tint and some- 
what banded in lighter and darker sbades uhicii alter with the 
incidence of the light. Head with the eyes well separated above 
and the space between marked with a deep median groove ; a 
shallower groove, bounded on each side by a slight carina, extends 
thence between the antennal tubers ; gular area with three 
strong transverse ridges. Antennae of the male longer than the 
body by fnmi one-fifth to one- third of their length accordino- to 
the size of the individual ; faintly pubescent ; first joint sparsely 
and strongly punctured, third to sixth or seventh more or less 
asperate at the edges, flattened or slightly canaliculate above • 

k2 



132 



CEBxVilBYCID^. 



antennjB of the female shorter than the body, more pubescent than 
those of the male, the first joint sparsely punctured, the thh-d and 
succeeding joints somewhat flattened above, but not roughened at 
° the edges. Prothorax a little 

longer than broad ; the disc 
with a slightly raised oblong 
space in the middle, the rest 
of the surface rather strongly 
transversely wrinkled but 
witli the ridges more or 
less broken and convolute 
towards the sides. Elytra 
with a slight elevation close 
to the suture at about 
one-fourth of their length 
from the base; each elytron 
obliquely truncate at the 
apex, with a spine at the 
sutm-e and a feeble tooth 
at the outer angle ; the sur- 
face, especially where rubbed 
bare of pubescence, has two 
kinds of punctures, some 
minute and very dense, others 
larger and less densely 
spread. The claw-bearing 
johit of the tarsi long and 
the paronychium nearly 
always distinctly visible 
between the claws. 
As will be seen 




by the 



Fig. 50. — Hoploccramhyx spinicornis, 
Newm., c?. X f. 

measurements given, this 
species varies in size to a remarkable extent. It varies also in the 
relative length of the male antennae, these are shorter in propor- 
tion in small specimens and longer in the larger and more fully 
developed ones. 

Le.mjth 20-60 ; breadth 5-16 mm. 

Hab. Allahabad; Nepal; Assam (E. P. Stebbinr/) ; Tenasserim : 
Thagata (i'Vt) ; South Afghanistan ; Penang; Singapore; Sumatra; 
Borneo ; Philippine Islands. 



Genus DIORTHUS. 

Diorthus, Gnhan, A. M. N. H. (0) vii, p. i 

Type, 1). i>implcx, White. 



(1891). 



Range. India, Ceylon, Burma, Siam, Java, Baluchistan, Aden, 
"West Africa, and Mauritius. 

Allied to Pachydlss'.is, Newm., but relatively shorter and broader 
in form. Antennae nearly twice as long as the body in the d, 
furnished with a short fringe of tine hairs beneath ; the first 



PACliYDISSUS. 



133 



joint with a narrow cicatrix at the apex limited by a short trans- 
verse carina. Elytra truncate at the apex. Femora finely 
carinate along each* side close to the ventral border. Intercoxal 
process of the presternum subtruncate posteriorly. 

132. Diorthus simplex, White (Hammaticherus), Cat. Col. B. M., 
iow/u'. p. 130(1853). _ -,. , .^ 

Cerambyx liolosericeus, Oliv. {)>ec Fiih.) Ent. iv, no. 67, p. 14, pi. 17, 
fig-. 127 (1795). 

Cerambyx vernicosus, Pnscoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (2) v, p. 19 (1859). 

Pachydissus inclemens. Thorns. Syst. Ceramh. p. 576 (1865). 

Neocerambyx sordidus, Pascoe, trans. Ent. Soc. 1888, p. 491. 

Varies in colour from black to reddish brown, not very 
densely covered with short pubescence of a 
greyish or brownish-grey tint. Head with 
a median impressed line or groove above, 
between the eyes. Antennae not quite so 
long as the body in the $ , and from one and 
a half times to nearly twice as long as the body 
in the 6 , fringed with short delicate grey 
hairs beneath ; third and fonrth joints nodose 
at the apex, the third nuich longer than the 
fourth ; fifth to tenth compressed and angu- 
lated anteriorly at the apex. Prothorax 
rounded at the sides, somewhat constricted 
in front, irregularly and not very strongly 
wrinkled above in a general tr?rsverse 
direction, marked on the disc with some 
feeble longitudinal and oblique grooves 
which together form a somewhat crown- 
shaped impression. Elytra truncate at the 
apex, with a short spine from each at the 
sutural angle ; the pubescence covering them 

more or less glossy, and generally somewhat thinner on each side 

in front of the middle so that the colour of the underlying derm 

becomes more apparent there. 

Length 16-29; breadth 4;|-8 mm. 

Hai). Baluchistan : Ormarah ( W. D. Gumming) ; Karachi {F. W. 

Townsend) ; Bengal ; jNl adras ; Ceylon ; North Burma ; Siam ; Java ; 

Aden ; Mauritius ; West Africa. 

Genus PACHYDISSUS. 

Pachydissus, Neivman, Entom. Mar/, v, p. 494 (1838) ; Lacord. Gen 
Coleopt. viii, p. 265 (1869). 

Type, P. sericiis, Newm., an Austi-alian species. 

Eange. This genus, as now restricted, is almost confined to the 
Australian Eegion ; one or tw^o species belong to the Oriental and 
a few also to the African Eegion. 

Head with a more or less distinct groove above between the 
eyes ; the antennal supports narrowly separated ; the front sub- 




Fig. .51. 
Diorthus simplex. 
White, d". X |. 



134 



CEEAMBYCID.E. 



vertical; the clypeuswith impressious that mark off a transversely 
elliptical area adjoining the front ; eyes variable in size but 
generally large ; the gula with one or more transverse groo\'es or 
depressions in front. Antenna shorter than the body in the $ , 
usuiilly longer than the body in the J, but never twice as long; 
third to fifth joints more or less strongly thickened at the apex, 
filth to tenth angidate in front and never spined posteriorly at the 
apex. Prothorax more or less transverse, rounded at the sides. 
Elytra moderately long, truncate or rounded at the apex. Legs 
rather long, the femora sublinear, not carinate ; the hind pair 
reaching to the apex of the elytra in the d , or nearly so. First 
joint of the hind tarsus not longer than the next two united. 
Acetabula of front coxae rounded, or sometimes very narrowly 
angulated on the outer side ; the intercoxal process vertical or 
subvertical posteriorly and frequently tuberculate near the end. 

133. Pachydissus parvicollis, Ga/tan, A. M. N. 11. (G) vii, pp. 2-j & 29 
(1891). 

Dark chestnut-brown, not very densely covered with a short 
silky, somewhat golden-yellow pubescence, and so arranged on 
the elytra as to give faint wavy reflexions in certain lights. 

Head marked above with a short 
median groove which extends from 
between the eyes to a little distance 
beyond them posteriorly ; anteunal 
supports separated by a narrow 
groove-like interval ; eyes rather large, 
the geuae somewhat short. Antennoe 
slightly shorter than the body in 
the $ , exceeding it by from one-third 
to nearly half of their length in the 
S ; third to fifth joints subjiodose at 
the apex; third and fifth suhequal, 
each about one-third longer than the 
first or fourth. Prothorax slightly 
protuberant at the middle of each 
side, narrowed towards base and apex, 
transversely and not \ery strongly 
rugose above, with the ridges more or 
less sinuate and irregular ; its length 
about equal to its width across the 
middle. Elytra long, narrowed gradually and very slightly from 
the base for about four-fifths of their length and then more 
strongly ; each truncate at the apex and armed with a short 
sutural spine. Pemora nearly parallel-sided, the hind pair not 
reac-hing 1o the apex of the elytra in the d" • Pirst joint of the 
hind tarsi about equal in length to the second and third united. 
Intercoxal process of pro>ternum subvertical and very feebly 
tuberculate posteriorly. 

Lnuith 30-32 ; hrcailth 8-8^ mm. 
Hab. Northern India. 




Fig. 52. — Pachi/digsus 
parvicollis, Gaban, (J . 



DEROLUS. 



135 



Genus DEROLUS. 

Derolus, Gahan, A. M. N. IL (0) vii p. 26 (1891). 
Capnocerambyx, Rcitter, Eat. Nachr. xx, p. bob (1894). 

Type, D. mauritanicus, Buquet. . 

licL/e. Mediterranean Subregiou ; Africa and Oriental Regions. 

Eyes large, emargi.iate, somewhat closely approximated above, 
not very A\^dely separated below, extended under the antennal 
supports in front. Antennae less than twice as long as the body 
in the d ; first ioint without cicatrix at the apex ; third and fourth 
sho-htly nodose at the apex, the fifth to tenth angulate anteriorly 
at"the"apex, the fourth distinctly shorter than the third, iro- 
thorax transverse: rounded at the middle of each side usually 
more or less wrinkled above, and with a rather deep nitid groove 
Avith sharp edges curving downwards on each side behind the 
middle. Elytra truncate or subtruncate, sometimes rounded, at 
the apex. Eemora with a fine carina on each side near the ventral 
face. Intercoxal process of prosternum subtruncate or tuberculate 
posteriorly. Acetabula of front coxk very slightly or not at all 
angulate on the outer side, closed posteriorly; those of the middle 
•coxiB narrowly open to the epimera, partly shut ott by a small 
process of the metasternum. 

134. Derolus mauritanicus, JJiajnet ( Hammaticherus), Aim. Soc. Ent. 

IlammaticlieTurnerii, Erichs. Wayn. lieiss. in Alger, iii, p. 188, 

pi. 8, fif?. 11 (1841). ^ . - ro /iQPO\ 

Cerambyx nerii, Muls. Col. Fr. ed. 2, Lomjic. p. 58 (1862). 

Brownish black, the elytra often more or less distinctly brown ; 
covered, except on the prothorax, with a fine and not very 
dense greyish pubescence ; legs ana 
autennai brownish, faintly pubescent. 
Antenna? nearly twice as long as the 
bodv in the S , scarcely longer than it in 
tlie^? ; fii-st joint densely rugulose -punc- 
tate ; third and fourth slightly nodose at 
the apex, the third twice as long as the 
fourth and slightly shorter than the fifth. 
Prothorax somewhat glabrous above, 
marked with a transverse subsinuate 
o-roove near the base and another near 
the apex, the basal groovt^ continuous at 
each side with a broader and deeper 
groove which runs obliquely downwards 
and then curves forwards past the Miiddle; 
the pronotum, where it borders this 
crroove, has a rather sharp and shghtly 
projecting edge ; the disc uneven, shghtly 
raised along the middle and along each side and crossed by some 
uSating "ridges which are sharper and more distinct near 




Fig. 53. — Derolus mauri- 
tanicus, Buq., (J. X B- 



136 CEEAMBTCIDJ!. 

the base, where also they pass downwards on to the sides. 
El^-tra nearly two and a half times longer than their width at the 
base ; truncate at the apex, with the sutural angles subdentate ; 
the surface 'densely but very finely punctulate. 

Length 17-22 ; breadth 4^-6 mm, 

Hab. Baluchistan (Indian Museum), Ormarah ( TF. D. Cumminr/); 
Bushire ( W. D. Cumming) ; Algeria ; South Europe. 

135. Derolus discicollis, sp. n. 

Allied to D. manritanicus, Buq., which it closely resembles in 
size, form, and coloration, but is readily distinguishable from it 
by the presence of a large, smooth, somewhat rounded area that 
occupies almost the whole disc of the prothorax. On each side of this 
distinctly limited space, the prothorax is uneven and rather densely 
covered with pale grey pubescence, a few short hairs of the same 
colour being scattered over tlie discal smooth area; near the base 
the prothorax is A^ithout striae but is crossed by two grooves, the 
anterior one sinuate, the other directly transverse, both extended 
at each side into the deep oblique lateral groove, which is as 
broad posteriorly, and as sharplj^ edged as in D. mauritanicus, but 
gets narrower as it reaches the middle of the side, where it joins a 
smooth depressed area lying just in fi'ont of the middle. Each 
elytron -is rounded externally at the apex and armed with a short 
spine at the suture. 

Length 18 ; breadth 5 mm. 

Bab. Karachi {F. W. Townsend). 

13G. Derolus demissus, Pascoe (Ceramtyx) Trans. Ent. Soe. (2) v. 

p. 21 (1859). 
? Cerambyx volvulus, Fah. Stjsi. Elenth. ii, p. 271 (1801). 
Pachydissus (Derolus) demissus, Galian, A. M. N. H. (G) vii, 

pp. 27 & 30 (1891). 

Pitchy-brown, rather thinly covered with greyish pubescence. 
Eyes large, almost contiguous above in the male. Antennae of 
the S one-fifth or so longer than the body, those of the $ shorter ; 
third and fourth joints feebly nodose at the apex, the fourth only 
a little shorter than the third. Prothorax rounded at the sides, 
transversely plicate above, occasionallj' nearly smooth on the 
middle of the disc ; with a narrow, glabrous, and smooth excised 
area on each side. Elytra minutely and densely punctulate, the 
pubescence rather thin, each elytron subtruncate and unarmed at 
the apex. Metasternum with a small but distinct process projecting 
forwards at each of the antero-lateral angles, these processes 
partly but not completely shut off the epimera from the 
acetabula of the middle coxse. 

Length 15-17 ; breadth 4-4^ mm. 

IlaJ). India : Benares, Sylhet, Tranquebar, Nilghiris ; Philippine 
Islands ; China. 



MABGITES. 137 

Genus MARGITES. 
Marg-ites, Gahan, A. M. N. 11. (O) vii, p. 2G (1891). 

Type, M. egemis, Pasc, a species from China. 

Range. India, Burma, Cliina, West Africa, and East Africa 
extending as far south as Natal. 

Head rather short ; eyes large, extended anteriorly past the 
condyles of the antennoe ; genae shoi't. Anteiinie longer than the 
body in the S , with the third and fourth joints thickened, especially 
towards tlie apex ; a little shorter than the body in the $ ; joints 
sixth to tenth compressed anteriorly and angulate at the apex. 
Prothorax rounded or obtusely subangulate at the middle of each 
side, narrowed at base and apex, not longer than its width across 
the middle, usually corrugate above. Elytra rounded or sub- 
truncate at the apex. Legs moderately long ; the femora fusiform- 
cylindric, slightly compressed, not carinate ; the tibiae in some 
forms finely carinate on each side near the ventral face ; first 
joint of the hind tarsus shorter than the next two joints united. 
Acetabula of front coxa3 rounded on the underside, closed poste- 
riorly ; the intercoxal process more or less gradually sloped, dilated 
towards the end. 

137. Margites exigUUS, Gahan (Pachvdissus-Margites), Ann. Mus. 
Civ. Gen. xxxiv, p. 10 (1894). 

Dark brown, the legs and antennae slightly reddish, the head 
and prothorax nearly black, rather faintly covered with short grey 
pubescence. Head densely and ratlier finely punctured, impressed 
above with a feeble median line. Antennae a little longer than 
the body in the S , shorter than the body in the 5 ; third and 
fourth joints slightly thickened towards 
the apex ; the third distinctly longer than 
the fourth, but scarcely longer than the 
fifth. Prothorax marked with a trans- 
verse or slightly bisinuate groove near 
the apex, and two grooves near the 
base ; obtusely subangulate at the middle 
and feebly protuberant on each side just 
behind the anterior groove ; the dorsal 
surface between the apical and basal grooves 
Fig. bi.—Margites ^ intricately bu.t not very strongly rugose, 
^'^'^" ' ' ' *■ and very sparsely pubescent ; the narrow 
transverse area between the apical groove and the front margin 
densely and finely punctulate ; the sides densely punctulate and 
rather closely covered with pubescence. Elytra rounded and 
unarmed at the apex ; very densely and finely punctulate, some- 
what less finely punctulate near the base. Femora finely and very 
densely rugulose-punctate ; tibiae finely carinate along each side 
close to the ventral face. 

Length, c? type 11; $ 16 mm. 

Hab. Pegu: Tharawaddy ( Coj-^jc </) ; Mandalay (Feci). 




138 CERAMBTCID.T-. 

138. Margites modicus, sp. u. 

Dark brovMi, the head and protliorax nearly black, the antennce 
and legs reddish brown ; faintly covered with short grey pubes- 
cence. Head densely and rather finely punctured ; ^^■ithout 
impressed line above. Antennte almost as long as the body in 
the 2 i and about one-fourth longer in the c? ; third and tourth 
joints rather strongly thickened towards the apex in the c^ , 
slightly thickened in the 2- Protliorax evenly rounded at the 
sides, narrowed and feebly marked with transverse grooves at the 
base and apex ; the v\ hole of the dorsal surface almost bare of 
pubescence, and covered thickly with short irregular ridges, that 
give it a somew hat coarsely granulated appearance ; the sides also 
rugose, but covered somewhat thinly ^ith pubescence. Elytra 
finely and very densely punctate, the punctures somewhat stronger 
on the basal area; apices rounded. Eemora finely and very 
densely piinctate ; tibiae carinate. There is considerable resem- 
blance in colour and structure between this species and 31. e.vif/nus, 
Gahan, but a clearly marked difference in the form of the pro- 
thorax, which is more or less regularly rounded at the sides in the 
one, and obtusely subangulate in the other ; in the present species 
also the rugosity of the pronotum extends nearly up to the front 
and hind margins, whereas in M. exiguus it is confiued to 
the area lying between the anterior and posterior transvei'se 
grooves. 

LetK/th 13-17; breadth 3|-5 mm. 

Bab. !N'ilgiri Hills ; Bombay; Visapor. 

139. Margites sulcicoUis, Gahan, A. 31. X. H. (0) xi, p. 378 (1893). 

Head and protliorax black, sparsely setose ; elytra brown, 
•covered with greyish tawny pubescence, with some longer sub- 
erect tawny setse hiterspersed ; body beneath, legs, and antennte 
piceous or black, faintly covered with grey pubescence. Antenna 
shorter than the body in the § ; first, third and fifth joints sub- 
equal in length, each longer than the fourtli and slightly shorter 
than the sixth and succeeding joints. Protliorax constricted and 
transversely grooved near base and apex ; ratlier strongly rounded 
in the middle on each side ; the disc with two very distinct longi- 
tudinal, slightly curved grooves, which mark off a median 
suboblong area from two lateral areas, each of which is traversed 
longitudinally by three or four narrow grooves separated from 
each other by sharp, carinifonn intervals ; the median area 
sparsely y^unctate and feebly subsulcate along the middle. Elytra 
rounded at the apex, very finely and densely punctulate, with 
also sparser, larger sized punctures from which the suberect 
seta5 arise. Femora densely and finely rugulose-punctate ; the 
tibia) not carinate. 

Letu/th 13; breadth 3h min. 

JIab. Burma: Viiuugd6 {Co rbeit) : North Chin Hills (TT't/iso;;). 



DYMASIUS. 



139 



Genus DYMASIUS. 

Dyniasius, 'I'lioms. Sijst. C'crconh. p. '2'-\\ (1S(;4). 
Elyduus, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. l^oc. (•'!) iii, p. ol6 (1809). 

Type, D. macUentas, Pa.sc. 

llamje. Oriental Ilegion. 

!Some\\hat elongate in form. Tlie anteunne of the males vary in 
length ; they are more than twice as long as the hotly in the type 
species, and only one-fourth or so longer than the hocly in other 
species ; third and fourth joints suhequal, each distinctly longer 
than the fourth ; third and fourth more or less nodose at tlie apex : 
antenna} of the females slightly longer or shorter than tiie hody ; 
fifth joint shorter than the third and longer than the fourth ; sixth 
to tenth more aiigulate anteriorly at the apex than in the male. 
Prothorax longer than broad, constricted near the apex and to a 
less extent at the base, slightly rounded in the middle on each 
side ; the disc usually rugose or corrugate. Elytra rather long, 
truncate at the apex and usually armed each \vith one or two 
spines. Legs moderately long; the femora only slightly thickened 
at the middle, exceptionally they are feebly carinate along each side. 
First joint of hind tarsus as long, or nearly so, as the next two 
joints united. Acetabula of front coxte closed ; the intercoxal 
process usually subvertical, and somewhat tuberculate posteriorly. 

140. Dymasius macilentus, 

Pascoe (Cevaiubvx ), Trans. 
Ent. Sue. (2) 'v, p. -20 
(1859). 
Dvmasius strigosus, Thoins. 
^Si/st. Ceramh. p. 234 (1804). 

Dark brown with a rather 
dense covering of silky-grey 
pubescence, which is soarranged 
on tlie elytra as to give the 
appearance of a number of 
longitudinal bands or spots 
varying in brilliancy accoj'diug 
to the dii'ection of the light 
falling on them ; three or four 
longitudinal streaks on each 
elytron moreover are almost 
bare of pubescence, and under 
the lens are seen to be very 
closely punctate with fine 
unequal-sized punctures. Upper 
lobes of the eves rather closely 
approximate above ; the vertex 
of the head just behind and 
partly between them marked 
with a feeble groove. Pro- 
tliorax rather strongly \\-rinkled across the whole of the upper 




Fig. 55. — ByrnaMUS macilcatn^, 
Pasc, S- X ^ 



140 CEEAMBTCIDJE. 

surface except in front of the anterior constriction. Elytra 
slightly flattened above, with some faint broad lon<^itudinal grooves ; 
the outer spine at the apex of eacli longer than the inner one. 

Length 23-35 ; breadth 5-8 mm. 

Hab. Ceylon. 

141. Dyinasius fulvescens, GaJum, Ann. 3Ins. Civ. Genov. xxxiv, 

p. 11, pi. 1, fig. 2 (1894). 

Dark brown ; with the greater part of the head, the front 
border, some anterior spots on the disc of the prothorax, the scu- 
tellum and elytra densely covered with dull, fulvous pubescence ; 
the antennae, legs and underside with a faint covering of grey 
pubescence. Head marked in front with a naked subcircular 
impression that limits a slightly raised central area ; the shallow 
groove lying between the antennal supports also bare of pubes- 
cence. The antennce are slightly longer than the body in the § , and 
extend past the apex of the elytra by their last two or three joints 
in the J ; third and fourth joints only slightly thickened at the 
apex, the third nearly twice as long as the fourth ; tifth to tenth 
sharply angulate or subspinose at the apex, each subequal in length 
to the third ; eleventh little longer than the tenth. Prothorax 
longer than broad, slightly rounded at the sides, narrowed more 
in front than towards the base ; intricately and rather strongly 
I'ugose above and at the sides. Elytra gradually narrowed back- 
wards, truncate at the apex and armed each with a sutural spine. 
Femora rather slender, but slightly thickened towards the middle; 
tibia) not carinate ; first joint of hind tarsus as long as the next 
two joints united. 

Length 19-21 ; breadth 4-4| mm. 

Hab. Burma : Karennee {Fea and Doherty). 

142. Dymasius minor, sp, n. 

IN'arrow and elongate, dark brown, covered with a silky grey 
pubescence which on the elytra is interrupted by a few longi- 
tudinal, subnude, finely puuctulate streaks ; antenn,Te and legs 
reddish brown with a faint grey pubescence. Head marked with 
a feeble median sulcus on the vertex jtist behind the eyes. 
Antennae of the S about one-fourth longer than the body ; third, 
fourth and fifth joints thickened strongly at the apex ; fourth 
and fifth subequal in length, together not much longer than the 
third, and only very slightly longer than the sixth or seventh ; 
eight!) to eleventh gradually shorter. Prothorax much longer 
than broad, slightly rounded at the sides, rugose above, with 
the pubescence disposed in patches, one of which lies along a 
median space on the posterior half ; constricted and trans- 
versely grooved near the apex and mark'ed with two transverse 
grooves near the base. Elytra nearly three times as long as 
broad, narrowly truncate at the apex ; each with a shallow 



DIALEGES. 141 

longitudinal depression on the basal half of tlie disc and another 
further back placed more towards the side. Femoi'a finely earinate 
anteriorly and posteriorly. Intercoxal process of prosteruum 
gradually sloped posteriorly and furnished close to its apex with two 
minute tubercles. 

Length 9-10; breadth 2 mm. 

Hab. Southern India : Nilgiri Hills (H. L. Andreiues). 

143. Dymasius plagiatus, sp. n. 

Eeddish brown, with the prothorax and elytra dark brown ; the 
head,prothorax and greater part of the elytra rather densely covered 
with vellowish-tawny pubescence ; antennae and legs reddish, very 
faintiv covered with pale grey pubescence. Antennte about one- 
third longer than the body in the d" , a little longer than the 
body iu the $ ; first joint densely punctate ; third and fourth 
subnodose at the apex in the J •, the third twice as long as the 
fourth and only slightly shorter than the fifth ; the fourth slightly 
shorter t ban the first ; fifth to tenth acutely angulate at the apex 
on the anterior side. Prothorax subcylindrical, nearly one-third 
longer than broad, feebly constricted at the apex. Elytra narrow'ed 
and rounded at the apex ; each with a rather broad, shallow furrow 
or depression running straight back along the outer part of the 
disc from the base to the middle and then obliquely towards the 
suture, this oblique part of the furrow, bare of pubescence, 
sparsely punctate and dark brown iu colour ; on each elytron 
there is also an elongated, subsutural, glabrous area near the 
base which is closely and rather strongly punctured ; the outer 
border for a short distance from the apex also subnude and 
brownish in colour. Abdomen reddish brown, thinly covered 
with grey pubescence. Femora gradually and slightly widened 
from the base to within a short distance of the apex ; femora and 
tibiae with a fine carina along each side ; first joint of the hind 
tarsi about equal in length to the second and third united. 
Intercoxal process of the presternum gradually sloped posteriorly. 

Length 10-12 ; breadth 2-2^ mm. 

Hab. Burma : Karen Mts, {Dohertg). 

Genus DIALEGES. 

Dialeges, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (2) iv, p. 4G (1866) ; Lacord. Gen. 
Coleopt. viii, p. 263 (1869) 

Type, D. pauper, Pasc. 

Bange. Ceylon, Burma, Siam, Malay Peninsula and Archipelago. 

Head more or less elongated behind the eyes, with a fine median 
groove that extends from the clypeus to the occiput ; the antennal 
supports depressed ; the front oblique ; the eyes divided each into 
two lobes or else deeply emarginate, the louer lobes not reaching 
beyond the antennal supports in front. Antenna? nuich longer 
than the body iu the male, thinly fringed w ith hairs beneath ; 



142 CERAMBYClDi:. 

first joint rather long, subcylindrical ; third shghtly curved, longer 
than the fourth : third to fifth slightly nodose at the apex ; 
antennse of female scarcely longer than the body, and not fringed 
^\■ith hairs beneath. Prothorax longer than broad in the male, 
constricted near base and apex ; feebly convex above and crossed 
by fine transverse ridges. Elytra long, feebly convex above, 
gradually narrowed posteriorly, truncate or rounded at the apex. 
Legs long ; femora compressed, the hind pair extend a little 
past the apex of the elytra in the male and not quite to the apex 
in the female ; first joint of tbe middle and hind tarsi as long at 
least as the next two joints united. Prosterual process vertically 
deflexed posteriorly. 

I. Eijes divided; third antennal joint mucli longer 
than Jifth. 

144. Dialeges pauper, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Sac. (2) iv, p. 47, pi. 16, 
fig. 7 (1856) : id. ibid. (.3) iii, p. 521. 
Dialeges tenuicornis, Pascoe, Trans. E^it. Soc. (3) iii, p. 522 (1869), 5 . 

Varies from reddish brown to dark brown in the colour of the 
derm : rather densely covered with greyish-brown silky pubescence, 
the pronotum, however, with a few longitudinal depressions 
almost bare of pubescence; the pubescence on the elytra some- 
what denser and so disposed as to present short ill-defined 
longitudinal bauds or patches of lighter or darker shades according 
to the incidence of tlie light; these in certain lights give silvery 
reflexions ; two closely approximated bands placed a little behind the 
middle of each elytron are darker in colour than the rest. Head 
elongated posteriorly ; clypeo-frontal sutures distinct ; genae short ; 
eves couipletely divided, gula transversely ridged. Antennae one- 
third or more longer than the body in the J , about one-sixth 
longer than the body in the 5 ; second joint as broad as it is long; 
third nearly (sometimes quite) as long as the fourth and fifth 
united ; fourth slightly shorter than the fifth ; fourth to eighth and 
apex of third fringed beneath with hairs in the S • Prothorax 
somewhat narrowed before and behind, longer than its width 
across the middle in the 6" , shorter in the $ ; transversely but 
irregularly wrinkled above and marked with some longitudinal or 
oblique depressions. Elytra truncate at the apex, armed each 
with a short spine at the suture and tooth at the outer angle. 
Eemora stout in the d , m idest between the middle and base, 
gradually narrowed towards the apex, anterior t^\•o pairs rugulose 
in 6 , ail finely punctulate ; hind tarsus narrow, the first joint 
much longer than the next two united. 

Length 10-31 ; hreadth 3;^-8 mm. 

Hah. AUaliabad ; Darjeeling ; Assam : Patkai Mts. (DoJierii/) ; 
Perak ; Penang ; Singapore; Borneo. 



SEBASMIA. 



143 



II. Eijes emarrjlnate ; third antenmd joint sJiorter than fifth. 
145. Dialeges undulatiis, Gahan, A. M. N. II. (6) vii, p. 23 (1891). 

Pitchy brown, varyiug on the elytra to reddish brown in the 
colour of the derm'; a covering of greyish pubescence, which 
is denser and more glossy on the elytra, there also with broad 
patches or bands oi varying shades, like 
watered silk, accoiding to the inc-ideuce 
of thi; light. Head slightlv elongated 
behind the eyes ; the hitter deeply emar- 
ginate in front, not divided as they are 
in the type si)ecies. Antennae of the 
male twice as "long as the body, fringed 
with hairs under tlie third and succeeding 
joints ; third joint shorter than the fifth ; 
iifth to seventh subequal ; eighth to tenth 
gradually diminishing in length, and 
united scarcely longer than the eleventh; 
antenna) of the female a little longer than 
the body, with ti.e eleventh joint very 
little longer than the tenth. Prothorax 
longer than broad in both sexes, slightly 
rounded on each side, constricted at the 
base and apex ; transversely and not very strongly wrinkled 
above, with a line or band bare of pubescence along the middle. 
Elytra conjointly rounded and unarmed at tlie apex. 

This species, though it has a strong resemblance in shape and 
coloration to D. pauper, Pasc, the type of the genus, is easily 
distinguished from it by the following well-marked structural 
characters : — the head less elongated behind the eyes : the eyes 
not divided ; the third joint of the antennae shorter than the fifth ; 
the elvtra rounded and unarmed at the apex. 
Length 16-21 ; breadth 3j-5 mm. 
Hah. Ceylon ; Burma ; tSiani. 




Fig. 56. — Dialeges 
undulatus, Gahan. X ". 



Genus SEBASMIA. 

Sebasmia, Pascoe, Tram. Ent. Soc. (2) v, p. 18 (1839) ; Lacord. Gen, 
Coleopt. viii, p. 272 (1809). 

Type, 'S^. templetoni, Pasc. 

Brnige. Ceylon and Southern India. 

Eyes large, emarginate, closely approxiniate above and not very 
widelv separnted on the ventral side of the head ; genae short. 
Antennae about one-fourth longer than the body in the S : third 
and fourth joints slightly thickened at the apex, third about one- 
fourth longer than the fourth and shorter than the fifth ; fifth to 
tenth compressed and sharply angulate in front at the apex. 
Prothorax longer than broad, narrowed anteriorly from the middle,. 



144 



ceeambycid.t:. 



rugose above. Elytra long, somewhat parallel-sided, broadly trun- 
cate at the apex. Legs rather short ; femora thickened below the 
)iiiddle, the middle pair more so than the others in the c? of the 
typical species, and iu these also furnished beneath with a large, 
elongate, piligerous pit ; hind femora scarcely extended past 
the liind border of the second abdominal segment in the cj' . 
Acetabula of front coxae rounded on the outer side, closed 
posteriorly ; the intercoxal process gradually sloped and dilated 
posteriorly. Abdomen parallel-sided, broadly rounded posteriorly, 
the last ventral segment of the J with a feeble sinuate emar- 
gination at the apex. 



14(j. Sebasmia templetoni, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Sue. (2) v, p. 19 (1859). 

Piceous black, densely clothed above with a slightly silky pubes- 
cence of a fulvous yellow colour ; the pronotum, however, in 

part glabrous ; the elytra also each 
with two nude, impunctate, polished 
spots, one a short distance along 
each side from the base, the other 
placed on the disc a little in front 
of the apex. Antennae dark brown, 
the first two joints covered like 
the front of the head with rust- 
coloured pubescence. Prothorax 
narrowed anteriorly from about 
the middle, and continuing as 
M'ide up to the base as at the 
middle, irregularly rugose above, 
with a short cariniform elevation 
along the middle. Elytra very slightly widened posteriorly, their 
greatest width a little before the apex, broadly truncate at the 
apex with the angles acute or subdentate. Body beneath, femora 
aud tibite piceous ; the tarsi with a rusty-red pubescence. Middle 
femora of c? thicker than the others, and furnished beneath with 
an elongate-oval pit covered with reddish hairs. 
Length 29 ; breadth 6 mm. 
Hub. Ceylon. 




Pig. 57. — Schusjiua 
templetoni, Pasc, cJ. 



147. Sebasmia testacea, sp. n. 

Testaceous red : the front and vertex of the head densely, the 
pronotum less densely clotlied with yellowish-grey pubescence ; 
elytra more faintly covered with a short, yellowish-grey, silky 
pubescence. Antennae a little longer than the body ; first joint 
very closely rugulose-punctate ; third and fifth to ninth sub- 
equal in length, each about one-third long(>r than the fourth ; 
eleventh one-third longer than the tenth. Prothorax conico- 
cylindric, about one-third longer than its width at the base, 
soQiewhat transversely rugose, this rugosity most noticeable at the 



TRACIlYLOPnUS. 145 

sides, which are almost bare of pubescence ; the disc with a sliort 
median carina and two small spots before the middle, bare of 
pubescence. Elytra a little wider at the base than the base of 
the prothorax, gradually but very slightly wider posteriorly 
and attain their greatest width a little before the apex ; apices 
broadly truncate, with a stronger outer and shorter sutural tooth ; 
the disc of each with a broad obtuse costa that runs along it in a 
slightly oblique direction, near the shoulder in front and near 
the suture posteriorly. Tlie body beneath, coloured like the upper- 
side, is faintly pubescent ; tlie luetathoracic episterna are long 
and rather narrow, parallel-sided in the anterior four-fifths of 
their length and narrowed posteriorly. The abdomen is as broad 
behind as in front, with the last ventral segment somewhat sinuate 
at the apex. 

Lenrftli 16; breadth 8 mm. 

Hah. Ceylon. 

148. Sebasmia nigra, sp. n. 

c? . Long and narrow. Entirely black, with a short ashy-grey 
pubescence that covers the body beneath, the legs and the greater 
part of the antennae, and is faintly visible ou the upperside. 
Head finely rugulose-punctate, with a somewhat granulate ap- 
pearance above. Autennre a little longer than the body ; first 
joint closely and finely punctured, marked with a narrow cicatrix 
and carina at the apex ; third about one-third longer than the 
first or fourth ; fifth to tenth subequal in length to the third ; 
each denticulately produced at the apex in front ; eleventh a little 
longer than the tenth. Prothorax subcyh'ndrical, much longer 
than broad, slightly constricted and marked with a transverse 
groove near the apex, transversely and rather finely wrinkled over 
the whole of the upper surface. Elytra parallel-sided, narrowed 
and truncate at the apex, finely and very closely punctured through- 
out, but somewhat less finely near the base. Hind femora extend 
a little beyond the hind margin of the second abdominal segment ; 
first joint of hind tarsus as long as the next two united. 

Lenr/th 14 ; breadth 2| mm. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills (H. L. Andreives). 

Genus TRACHYLOPHUS. 

Trachylophus, Ga/um, A. M. ^\ H. (6) ii, p. 59 (1888). 

Type, T. sinensis, Gahan. 

Ranr/e. South China, Burma, and Java. 

Head with the antennal supports somewhat depressed and 
separated by a narrow groove, the vertex impressed Mith a median 
groove. Antennae about equal in length to the body in the $ and 
only a little longer in the J ; third and fourth joints cyhndrical, 
scarcely thickened at the apex, the fourth much shorter than the 
third ; fifth longer than the third, cylindrical at base, compressed 

VOL. I. L 



146 



cerambycim:. 



and angulated anteriorly at tlie apex ; sixth to tenth subequal, com- 
pressed, each angidate anteriorly at the apex ; eleventh in the S a 
little lono;er, in the 2 scarcely longer, than the tenth. Prothorax 
broader than long, dilated on each side in the middle, narrowed in 
front, strongly rugose above. Elytra long, with the sides sub- 
parallel. Legs moderately long, with the femora sublinear, the 
hind pair scarcely extended past the third abdominal segment. 
Proster 11 um vertical posteriorly and furnished there with a median 
keel or tubercle. 



140. Trachylophus sinensis, Ga/uoi, A. M. X. H. (6) ii, p. GO (1888). 

Dark brown, rather densely covered all over \\'it\\ a somewhat 
silky pubescence of a uniform greyish or yellowish-grey colour. 

Head impressed with a short 
median groove above between the 
eyes. Prothorax strongly corru- 
gate above, most of the ridges 
intricately convoluted, a few only 
near the middle take a longitudinal 
course ; two of these, separated 
posteriorly by a median furrow, 
di\erge slightly as they run up to 
the middle, and then converge 
and meet a little in front of it, 
separating again near the apex. 
Elytra truncated in a slightly 
oblique direction at the apex and 
armed each with a very short 
sutural spine ; the surface A^ery 
minutely and densely ininctulate. 
Intercoxal process of the ])rosternum moderately broad, with a 
feeble median carina, which ends posteriorly in a more or less 
prominent posteriorly directed titbercle. 
Lenyth '2b-6'6 mm. 
IJah. Burma : Karen Hills {Fca) ; South China (Bowriny). 




Fig :)S. 
Trachylophus sinensis, Galiaii. 



Genus RHYTIDODERA. 

IlbvLidodera, White, Cat. Col. Ii. M., Longic. p. 1^2 (1853) ; Lacord. 
Gen. Coleopt. viii, p. 268 (1869). 

Type, B,. bowringii, White, a species from China. 

liange. India, China, Burma, tSiam, and Malay Peninsula. 

Eyes rather closely approximated above, reaching nearly to a 
line with the autenual condyles in front. Antennae of (S shorter 
than the body in most species, a little longer in some ; lirst joint 
rather short, not reaching to front margin of prothorax; third 
longer than the fourth; hfth t > tenth, and exceptionally the third 
and fourth, compressed in front and more or less sharply angulate 
at the apex ; antennae of § shorter and less robust, with the joints 



RHYTIDODERA. 



147 



less sharply angulate at the apex. Prothorax rugose, rounded at 
the sides, constricted and trausversely grooved near base and apex. 
Elytra more or less parallel-sided, obliquely truncate or subtruncate 
at the apex and armed or not with teeth or spines. Acetabula oi: 
front coxa) feebly or not at all angulate on the outer side, closed 
posteriorly ; intercoxal process raised and rather narrow in the 
middle, gradually sloped and expanded towards the end. Legs 
moderately long; the hind femora hardly extended past the third 
abdominal segment in the (S and the second in the $ ; first joint 
of liind tarsus shorter than the next two united. 

In most species of this genus, including all the Indian ones, the 
pubescence on the elytra is somewhat characteristic in its colour 
and distribution : it is partly tawny, partly grey, sparser on some 
parts and condensed on others, with a tendency to form more or 
less regular longitudinal or transverse series of linear, oblong or 
quadrate spots. 

150. Ehytidodera rohusta, Gahan, A. M. N. H. (6) vii, p. 34 (1891). 

2 . Dark brown, with the elytra reddish brown ; head and 
prothorax rather densely covered with tawny pubescence ; elytra 
with a mixed pubescence, partly tawny and partly ashy-grey in 
colour, denser on some parts, sparser 
on others ; the grey pubescence forms 
series of ill-defined oblong or quadrate 
spots on the disc, and is more irregul; i-ly 
diffused on the sides. Head with a 
slightly raised median carina on the 
vertex. Antennae robust, extended 
very little past the middle of the 
elyti-a ; first joint not reaching past 
the hind border of the eye ; third and 
fourth thickened and subnodose at the 
apex ; third longer than the fourth, but 
scarcely as long as the first ; fifth to 
tenth compressed in front and angulate 
at the apex. Prothorax marked with 
two transverse grooves near the apex, 
and a strongly sinuous groove near the 
base ; the disc and sides very strongly 
and irregularly rugose ; each side with an irregular tubercle close 
to the front margin, the disc with two just before the middle; 
the tops of the ridges and tubercles glabrous and nitid. Elytra 
rounded externally at the apex ; each subsinuate near the suture 
armed at the suture with a distinct spine ; the apical maro-in 
obscured by a fringe of tawny hairs. Body beneath and legs 
covered with pubescence of a prevailing yellowish-white tint, but 
more or less distinctly tawny in places. Hind femora not extend- 
ing past the hind border of the second abdominal segment. 
Length 31-3-1:; breadth 8-0 mm. 
Hab. Bombay; Bangalore. 

l2 




Fig. 59.—I?h/tidodera 
rohusta, Gahan. X 5. 



148 CERAMBYCID.^. 

151. Rhytidodera simulans, IJlu'le (Ilammaliclierus?), Cat. Col. 
B. M., Loufjic. p. l:V2 (1853). 

Varies from reddish brown to brownish black in colour ; head 
and prothorax sparsely coA'ered with tawnj"^ pubescence ; elytra 
with tawny or asby-grey pubescence, or with pubescence which is 
partly ashy-grey and partly tawuy, somewhat variable in its 
distribution, but with a marked tendency to arrangement in 
longitudinal series of sublinear spots ; body beneath, legs, 
and antennae entirely covered with tawny or grey pubescence. 
Antennae extended to the posterior third of the elytra in the c? 
and to their middle in the $ ; tirst joint reaching to a little past 
the hind margin of the eye ; fifth to tenth angulate anteriorly at 
the apex. Prothorax a little longer than broad, strongly and 
irregularly rugose above and at the sides, marked with a trans- 
verse groove near the apex and a bisinuate groove near the base ; 
the disc with scattered patches of tawny pubescence. Elytra 
densely punctate ; each truncate at the apex, with the outer angle 
acute or subdentate, the sutural angle spined. 

Length 20-31 ; breadth 5-S mm. 

Bab. Tenasserim ; Malay Peninsula ; Borneo; Ceram. 

152. Rhytidodera Integra, Eolbe, Archiv fib- yaturg. iii, 1, p. 237 
(1886). 
? Zatrephus nehulosus, Bnmgn. Xouv. Archiv. du Mus. (3) iii, 
p. 240, pi. 10, fig. 2 (1891). 

Very like R. simulans. White, in general appearance, but distin- 
guishable from it by the following characters : — Elytra generally 
rounded, sometimes subtruncate, at the apex, but without external 
tooth or angle, and with only a very short spine at the suture. 
Pronotum somewhat less strongly rugose and less sparsely 
pubescent than in li. simulans, its length scarcely greater than 
its width across the middle. 

Length 20-27i ; breadth 5-7 mm. 

Nab. Burma. Korea ; China : Siam ; Singapore. 

Genus XOANODERA. 

Xoanodera, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (2) iv, p. 92 (1857) : Lacord. 
Gen. Coleopt. viii, p. 269 (1869). 

Type, X. tric/ona, Pascoe. 

Eange. Ceylon, S. India, Burma, Malay Peninsula, and Borneo. 

Eyes large, deeply emarginate, not extending to a line with the 
antenual condyles in front, rather closely approximated above, with 
the narrow space between them n:iarked with a feeble median 
carina. Antenna? scarcely or not at all longer than the body in 
the $ , a little longer in the S ; fifth to tenth joints sharply edged 
in front and acutely angulated at the apex ; eleventh only a little 
longer than the tenth. Prothorax strongly rugose, a little longer 
than broad, rounded at the sides, constricted and transversely 



XOANODEEA. 149 

grooved near base and apex. Elytra parallel-sided, narrowed 
near the apex ; each with a posterior submarginal carina, with 
the apex truncate and more or less distinct!}" bidentate. Pro- 
sternum raised between the coxfe, sharply deflexed posteriorly, 
and dilated at the end so as to almost meet the epimera. 
Acetabula of front coxce not angulated outwards. Legs mode- 
rately long ; femora carinate on each side near their lower portions ; 
first joint of hind tarsus shorter than the next two united. 

The most distinctive of these characters is the presence of a 
submarginal carina on the posterior part of each elytron. The 
three species included in the present fauna are all characterized 
by the presence of a very strongly and closely punctured dark 
brown lateral area that extends from the base to a greater or less 
extent past the middle of each elytron. 

I. Elytra ivith glabrous darlc hroivn strealcs posteriorly. 

153. Xoanodera trigona, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (2) iv, p. 92, 

])]. 23, l]o-. 1 (1857); id. (3) iii, p. 527 (1869); Lacord. Gen. 
Coleopt., Atlas, pi. 85, tig. 1 (not a good figure). 

Dark brown ; with a yellowish-white pubescence that covers 
the head, the sides of the prothorax, and a considerable part of 
the elytra ; the latter each with a large, glabrous, very strongly 
punctured dark brown area at the side that extends from the base 
to the posterior third and spreads more than halfway across the 
elytron near the middle of its length, there are also four or live 
longitudinal glabrous streaks between this area and the apex and 
a few also near the base ; antennae, legs, and underside covered 
with greyish or tawny-grey pubescence. The antennae extend 
past the apex of the elytra by about their last joint in the 5 and 
their last two in the c5' ; third joint very slightly longer than the 
first and about one-third longer than the fourth ; fifth to tenth 
strongly and sharply angulate or subdentate at the apex on the 
anterior side, eleventh a little longer than the tenth, shortly 
appendiculate. Prothorax rounded, rugose and pubescent at 
the sides ; glabrous above, fiu'nished with a variable number of 
sharp longitudinal costge. (In the type from Singapore there are 
about ten costae, four of which are straight and very sharply 
defined, the others placed more towards the sides, slightly curved 
and somewhat irregular ; in two specimens from Mergui there 
are only two longitudinal costae, the disc of the prothorax be- 
tween them and the sides irregularly and somewhat intricately 
rugose.) Elytra very strongly punctured, with the punctures 
larger and very closely placed on the large dark brown areas at 
the sides and also near the base, smaller and less dense on the 
glabrous streaks near the apex ; the submarginal carina of each 
elytron near the apex very distinct ; the apex of each rather 
strongly bidentate. 

Lenyth 20-24 ; breadth 5-6 mm. 

Bab. Tenasserim : Mergtti {Doherty) ; Ma'ay Peninsula : 
Peuang ; Dinding Is. ; Singapore. 



150 



CERAMBTCID.i;. 



II. Elytra u'ithout glabrous darlc hrown streaTcs posteAorly. 

A. Protliorax irregularly rugose, ivltliout longitudinal 
costa ahove. 

154. Xoanodera amcBna, Pascoe, A. M. N. H. (5) xv, p. 53 (1885). 

Dark brown to brownish black in colour : the elytra covered 
for the greater part with a dense yellowish-white pubescence, each 
with a basal spot close to the scutellum and a lateral plaga 
that extends from the shoulder to a little past the middle, 
■deeply and very strongly punctured and bare of pubescence, the 
narrow border between the submarginal carina and the outer 
margin sparsely pubescent. Head and first antennal joint closely 
rugulose-punctate. Antennae reddish brown, with a faint covering 
of grey pubescence. Protliorax strongly and irregularly rugose, 
scantily clothed with patches of tawny pubescence, unevenly 
rounded at the sides, marked near the apex with one and at the 
base with two transverse grooves. Elyrra each feebly bidentate 
at the apex. Breast and abdomen rather densely, the legs less 
densely, covered with greyish-white pubescence. 

Length 15-19;j ; hreadth 44-5 mm. 

Hah. Cevlon : S. India : Trivandrum, Kanara, Anaimalai and 
Nilffiri Hdls. 



B. Protliorax ivith four or more straight longitudinal costcp, ahove. 

lob. Xoanodera regularis, G(d,an, a. M. K. H. (Q) v, p. 52 (1890), 

? Xoanodera pa,«coei, Brongn. 
Nouv. Archir. du Mus. (3) 
iii, p. 239 (1891). 

Very like X.amcena, Pasc, but 
generally of a much darker brown 
or almost black colour, and readily 
distinguishable from that species 
by the four or more straight, 
sharp longitudinal ridges on the 
disc of the protliorax and a 
rather dense covering o£ yel- 
lowish-white pubescence on the 
sides. In other respects it agrees 
closely in structure withX amcena, 
while the puncturation and mark- 
ings of the elytra are almost 
identical. 

Length 17-21 ; hreadth 5- 
6 mm. 

Hah. N. India ? ; Burma : 
Euby Mines ; Karenee (Doherty) ; I'enasserim : Thagata {Fea) ; 
Tavoy {Doherty). 




Fig. fiO. 
Xoanodera regularh, Gaban 



NYPIIASIA. 



151 



Group PHORACANTHINL 

Eyes large, deeply emarginate. Antennae spined posteriorly 
at tiie apex of some of tlie joints. Front eoxie globular, their 
acetabula rounded on the outer side, open or closed posteriorly. 
Acetabula of middle coxae not extending to the epimera. Meta- 
steriium usually provided with scent-])ores. 

Most of the genera belonging to this group are found in 
Australia and America. Two only are included in the Indian 
fauna, and one of these {Nijj^tliasla, Pasc.) is very closely related 
to Cordi/lomera, Serw, the only genus of tlie group which occurs 
in Africa. 

Synopsis of Genera. 

A. Acetabula of front coxoj closed posteriorly .... Nyphasia, p. 151. 

B. Acetabula of front coxaj open posteriorly Nysina, p. 153. 

Genus NYPHASIA. 

Nyphasia, Pascoe, A. M. N. li. (3) xix, p. 313 (18G7) ; Laconl Gen. 
^ CoUopt. viii, p. 308 ^1869;. 

Type, N. torrida, Pascoe. 

liange. India, Ceylon, Burma, and Siam. 

Head with the front subvertical, transverse, limited below by 
well-marked sutural lines ; antenniferous tubercles formed into 
an obtuse ridge, slightly concave from side to side between the 
antenna) ; palpi rather short, with the last joint subcylindrical ; 
outer lobe of maxillae elongate, with a brush-like end ; eyes deeply 
emarginate, with the upper lobes rather narrow. Antennae longer 
than the body, with joints three to six or seven acutely spined 
posteriorly at the apex; first joint clavate, slightly curved; third 
longer than the fourth and slightly shorter than the fifth. Pro- 
thorax as long as it is broad, with two or three feeble obtuse 
tubercles on each side ; slightly depressed above and marked with 
a transverse groove near the apex and anotlier near the base ; its 
front margin somewhat sharply rounded in the middle. Scutellum 
posteriorly acuminate. Elytra slightly narrowed backwards ; each 
sharply rounded or subacuminate at the apex and sometimes 
armed with a spine. Legs moderately long, the hind pair 
distinctly the longest ; femora pedunculate with an oval thickening 
before the apex ; first joint of hind tarsus about equal in length to 
the next two united. Acetabula of front coxae rounded on the 
outside ; intercoxal process rather narrow in the middle, gradually 
sloped and widely dilated posteriorly, meeting the epimera behind 
the middle of the coxae ; acetabula of the middle coxae shut off 
from the epimera by a prolongation of the antero-lateral angles of 
the metasternum. Metathorax with scent-pores placed near the 
suture which separates the epimera from the metasternum, not 
far from the hind angles of the latter. 



152 CEriAMBYCIB.i:. 

I. Ebjtra spined at the apex. 

156. Nyphasia torrida, JPascoe, A. M. N. H. (3) xix, p. 313 (1867). 
$ . Eeddish-testaceous ; the antennae, from the third joint, for 

the greater part black ; the scntellum and the tips of the femora 
almost black ; upperside dull ; body beneath, legs and antennae 
more or less glossy. Head and prothorax finely and Aery closely 
punctured; the latter with a very feeble obtuse tubercle just 
before the middle of each side and another between it and the 
front margin. Scutellum somewhat prolonged at the apex. 
Elytra distinctly but not very closely punctured, each with a 
small, acute tubercle at the extreme base ; apices subacuminate, 
armed with a short spine. Intercoxal process of the first 
abdominal segment obtusely pointed in front. Hind femora not 
extended as far as the apex of the elytra. 

Lenrjtli 14-19 ; hre<idth 4-5 mm. 

Hah. Ceylon. 

157. Nyphasia apicalis, Gahan, A. M. N. H. (6) xi, p. 378 (1893). 

iS . Fulvous red ; the elytra for a short distance from the apex 
violaceous blue ; the third to the sixth joints of the antennae black, 
the succeeding joints more or less dark brown. Anteniire nearly 
one-third longer than the body. Head and prothorax finely and 
very closely punctured, the latter with an obtuse but rather strong 
tubercle near the middle of each side. IScutellum prolonged pos- 
teriorly. Elytra distinctly and not very closely punctured, each 
elytron furnished with a small acute tubercle at the extreme base, 
subacuminate at the apex and armed with a short sutural spine. 
Intercoxal process of abdomen rather acute in front. 

Length 15 mm. 

Hah. Southern India : Canara {T. R. D. Bell). 

In general structure and puncturation this species agrees fairly 
well with N. torrida, Pasc, but has the prothorax somewhat more 
strongly tuberculate at the sides. The difference in the form of 
the intercoxal process of the abdomen is probably sexual and not 
specific. When writing my original description of this species, I 
was not acquainted with Pascoe's species except by description, 
and consequently gave a wrong impression in regard to its affinities. 

II. Elytra unarmed at the apex. 

158. Nyphasia fuscipennis, Gahan, A. M. X. H. (6) v, p. 53 (1890). 
Eulvous red, with the elytra dull purplish brown that varies 

somewhat in tint according to the direction of the light; the 
antennas and legs (the yellow peduncles of the femora excepted) 
piceous brown and in parts almost black ; body beneath and legs 
glossy, upper surface opaque. Scutellum acute, but not pro- 
longed, at the ai^ex. Elytra sharply rounded and unarmed at the 
apex ; each with a small sharp tubercle at the extreme base. 
Intercoxal process of abdomen somewhat obtusely pointed in fi-out. 

Length 14 ; hrcadth 3^ mm. 

Hah. Bombay. 



NYSTNA. 



153 



159. Nyphasia pascoei, Lacord. Gen. CoUopt. viii, p. 309 (18G9). 

l\ilvous red, with the elytra green, 
the anteniiJe and leps (the stalks of 
the femora excepted) nearly black ; 
body beneath and legs glossy, upper 
surface opaque. Scutellum acute, 
but not prolonged, at the apex. 
Elytra closely punctured, sharply 
roixnded and unarroed at the apex, 
each with a small sharp tubercle at 
the extreme base. 

Length 14-17 ; hrcadth 3^-4^ mm. 

Hah. Burma; Siara. 

This species is very closely allied 
to N. fuscijoennis ; almost the only 
difference is in the colour of the 
elytra, which is distinctly green m 
the one, brown in the other. 




Fig. 61. — Nyphasia pascoei, 
Lacord., (S . X |. 



Genus NYSINA, g. n. 

Type, N. orientalvj, AVhite. 

Ranqe. Assam and Upper Burma. 

Nearly allied to iVv/^Jm&m, Base, with which it agrees m tie 
structure of the antenna? and legs; also, like that genus, it has 
the acetabula of the middle coxa? shut off from the epimera by a 
prolongation of the antero-lateral angles of the metasteruum. It 
differs as follows :— Antenual supports separated by a moderately 
broad channel, so as not to form an almost continuous ridge 
between the antenna?. Brothorax distinctly longer than broad, 
the sides scarcely rounded and not at all tuberculate, the disc 
rugose-punctate.* Elytra somewhat depressed along the middle, 
truncate at the apex. lutercoxal process of prosternum less 
dilated posteriorly, not meeting the epimera. 

160. Nysina orientalis, White (Sphaerion?), Cat. Coleopt. B. M., 

Lonyic. i, p. 110 (1853); Lacord. (Nyphasia?) Gen. CoUopt. 

viii, p. 309 (1869). 

Testaceous red ; antennae, legs and sides of breast black ; glossy 

above as well as beneath. Head slightly rugose above between the 

eyes, marked in front with oblique impressious which enclose a 

small triangular area. Antennae much longer than the body in 

the c? , a little longer than it in the § ; third, fourth and fifth 

ioints with a distinct posterior spine at the apex, third canaliculate 

above in the 6 • Brothorax about one-fourth longer than broad, 

a little narrower in front than at the base; the disc slightly 

depressed, rugosely punctured. Elytra densely punctate near 

the base, less densely posteriorly; the surface sparsely setose, 

and clothed with a faint pubescence ; apices somewhat obliquely 



154 CKRAMBYCID.E. 

truncate with the angles acute. Hind femora not reaching to the 
apex ot" the elytra in the female. 

Length 12-17; hreadth 3—4 mm. 

Hal. Assam: Sylhet; Burma: Euby Mines district (Z)o7i«/-i2/). 



Group CALLIDI0P8INI. 

Head not strongly exserted ; eyes coarsely facetted, deeply emar- 
ginate, with anteriorly extended lower lobe ; genae short ; gula 
with short mentigemus process ; ligula membranous. Antennae 
not spined, usually pubescent, often ciliated beneath, longer as a 
rule than the body in the S . Prothorax cylindric or ovate, 
sometimes more or less transverse ; unarmed at the sides. Front 
coxae globular ; their acetabula rounded on the outer side, open 
posteriorly. Acetabulu of middle coxaj not extended to epimera. 
Vein Cu 1 of hind wings usually bifurcate, Cu2 absent. 

Synopsis of Genera. 

A. Prothorax broader thau long, strongly 

rounded at the sides. 

a. Antennae denselj' cihated, third joint 

much longer tlian first Gelox^^tha, p. 154. 

b. Antennae sparsely ciliated, third joint 

not longer than first Tkixophyll'm, p. 155. 

B. Prothorax longer than broad, slightly or 

not rounded at sides. 

a. TibifB not curved, not earinate on outer 

border. 
a'. Fourth antennal joint shorter than 

first Ceeesium, p. 156. 

h'. Fourth antennal joint longer than first. Salpinia, p. 1G3. 

b. Tibiae curved, earinate on outer border . . Stenygrinum, p. 164. 

Genus GELONJETHA. 

Gelonastha, Thorns. Rev. et Mag. de Zool. 1878, p. 12. 
Astrinuis, Sharp, Tra7is. Ent. 8oc. 1878, p. 204, 

Type, G. Idrta, Fairm. 

liaiuje. That of the type species. 

Head short, with the antennal supports slightly raised ; the 
clypeus and genae very short ; the eyes rather large, coarsely 
facetted, emarginate. Antennae hairy, almost as long as the body 
in the $ , longer than it in the S ; third joint distinctly longer 
than the fourth or fifth and still longer than the first ; fourth to 
sixth subequal, seventh to tenth gradually shorter. Prothorax 
rounded at the sides, broader than long, feebl)' convex above ; 
the disc somewhat flattened and furnished with a few small 
callosities. Elytra rounded at the apex, each armed with a 
small spine or tooth at the suture. Legs moderately long; the 
femora compressed subfusiform ; first joint of middle tarsus as 



TRIKOPHYLUM. 



155 



lonc^ as the next two united, that ot the hind tarsus almost as long 
us the remaining joints iniited. Front cox^b rounded ; their 
acetabuhi open posteriorly and rounded on the outer Bide; the 
intercoxal process rather narrow, nearly flat, and scarcely dilated 
postei-iorlv. Acetabuk of middle coxae very narrowly or not all 
open to the epimera, almost shut off from them by a prolongation 
of the antero-lateral angles of the metasternum. -bpisterna ot 
metatliorax gradually retracted posteriorly. 

161. Gelonffitha hirta, Fah-m. (Stvomatimn) Bev. et Mag. de Zool. 

Gploiifetha curtipes, Tho.m. Rev. et Miu/. deZool. 18/8 p. id. 
Astrimus obseurus, Sharp, Trans. Ent. Soc. 18/ b, p. _U4. 

Eeddish brown to dark brown in colour; scantily clothed with 
greyish depressed pubescence interspersed with moderately long 
^ ^ ^ suberect tawny setiB. Head densely 

punctate, marked above with a feeble 
mediau groove which extends anteriorly 
between the antennal supports. Pro- 
thorax densely rugulose-punctate, some- 
what sparsely asperate at the sides ; the 
disc with a' postero - median and two 
nearly obsolete anterior callosities. Elytra 
densely punctate, the punctures some- 
what unequal in size, rather strong on 
the anterior half and gradually smaller 
towards tlie apex ; each elytron with one 
or two feebly raised longitudinal lines. Metasternum, except at 
the side, and the abdomen very sparsely punctate, lemora 
almost impunctate : the tibiae punctate. 
Lenrjth 9-16 ; breadth 2^-4^ mm. 

Hah. Calcutta ; Coromandel Coast ; Nilgiri Hills ; biam ; 
Philippine Is.; Sandwich Is.; Tahiti. 

Genus TRINOPHYLUM. 

Trinophvlnm, Bates, P. Z. S. 1878, p. 720 ; ul Scientific Results 
Second Yarkaud Misnon, Col. p. 21 (1890). 

Type, T. crihratxmt. Bates. 

Kanqe. Himalayas from Kashmir to North Assam. 

Head short, with the antennal supports depressed ; the front 
short and transverse, marked with a foveate impression on each 
side ; eyes emarginate, not very coarsely facetted, rather distant 
above. Anleniue of S nearlv"as long as the body; first joint 
groxluallv clavate, slightly curved : second nearly twice as long as 
broad ; fourth shorter than the third or fifth : fifth to eleventh 
subequal in length. Prothorax feel)ly convex or somewhat flat- 
tened above, rounded at the sides, slightly constricted at the base, 
a little broader than it is long. Elytra scarcely more than twice 




Fig. 62. — Gdonaiha hirta, 
Fairm. X ?. 



156 CERAMBYCID.I. 

as long as their width across the base, roLinded at the apex. 
Acetabula of front coxae rounded externally, open posteriorly ; 
the intercoxal process flattened, rather narrow, and scarcely 
dilated at the end ; the acetabula of the middle coxae do not 
extend to the epimera. Episterna of raetathorax narrow, attenu- 
ated posteriorly. Legs moderately long : femora strongly clavate, 
pedunculate at the base ; first joint of hind tarsus as long as the 
second and third united, 

162. Trinophyliiin cribratum. Bates, P. Z. S. 1878, p. 720; id. 
Scientific Results Second Yarkand Mission, Col. p. 22, pi. 1, tig. 19 
(1890). 

Chestnut-brown in colour, more or less nitid, sparsely furnished 

above with short semi-erect fulvous brown 

hairs. Head and basal joints of antennae 

finely rugulose-punctate. Prothorax closely 

and rather strongly punctured ; marked with 

a feeble sinuate groove or depression near 

the apex and another near the base ; the 

disc slightly depressed along the middle, 

w ith a very narrow impunctate space behind. 

Elytra closely and strongly punctured, less 

strongly near the apex. Body beneath 

reddish brown, sparsely pubescent, less 

closely and rather finely punctured ; pro- 

■p.^ ^„ sternum transversely depressed a little be- 

Ti-inovhylum crihra- hind the front margin ; abdomen narrowed 

jf«?n, Bates, (^ . x 7. posteriorly, first segment longest, second to 

fourth successively shorter. Legs reddish 

brown, minutely and sparsely punctate. 

Length 11-13; breadth 3^-4 mm. 

Hah. Murree ; Kashmir ; Assam : Sylhet. 

Genus CERESIUM. 

Ceresium, Neicman, Entomologist, i, j). ;!22 (1S42); Lacord. Gen. 

Coleopt. viii, p. 35.3 (l6t)9). 
Dialoiuocephaia, Itlcmchard, l\)y. an Pole Sud, Zool. iv, p. 206 

(18o;>) ; Lacord. I. c. p. 354. 
Pneiimida, Thorns. Syst. Cerainh. p. 191 (1861). 

Type, C. raripilum, Newm., a species from the Philippine 
Islands. 

Ranfje. Oriental Eegion, China, Oceania, Madagascar, and 
Mexico. 

Head little exserted, slightly concave between the antenna;; 
front subvertical or oblique ; eyes emarginate, rather widely 
separated above. Antennae slender, distinctly longer than the 
body in the 6 , A-ery slightly or not longer than it in the 5 ; third 
joint subequal in length to the first, sometimes slightly longer, 




CERESIUM. 157 

sometimes shorter ; fourth shorter, the fifth usually longer, than 
the third. Prothorax longer than broad, generally subcylindrical, 
sometimes rounded at the sides. Elytra slightly convex above, 
usually I'ounded at the apex. Legs of moderate length ; the 
femora usually pedunculate at the base, with a clavate thickening 
towards the apex, sometimes gradually thickened from the base 
and formed into a fusiform club towards the apex. Acetabula of 
front coxae open posteriorly, the intercoxal process narrow, scarcely 
or not dilated at the end; acetabula of the middle coxae not 
extended to the epimera. 

163. Ceresium gracile, Pe/vowrf (Raphidera?), A7in. Soc. Lin7i. de Lyon 

(2) ii, p. y;33 (1855). 
Ceresium cretatum, White,Cat. Col.B. M., Longic. ii, p. 246 (1855). 

Narrow and elongate, cinnamon-brown in colour, sparsely 
pubescent, marked above and along the sides beneath witla small 
spots of dense white pubescence ; head with two white spots on 
the vertex. Prothorax with four laterally placed white spots 
above — two rounded spots anteriorly and two, more elongate, at 
the base ; also a smaller spot at the middle of each side ; scutel- 
lum white. Elytra each with six spots — two placed obliquely 
between the base and the middle, three, in a triangle, behind the 
middle, and the sixth, transversely arcuate, a little before the apex. 
Antenna) longer than the body ; third joint subequal in length to 
the first and scarcely longer than the fourth ; fourth much shorter 
than the fifth or any of the succeeding joints except the last. 
Prothorax subcylindrical, about one-third longer than its width *. 
Elytra parallel-sided, rounded at the apex, distinctly and rather 
closely punctured, the punctures feebler near the apex. 

Lewjth 9-10 ; breadth 2 mm. 

Bab. Southern India : Poudicherry ; North Cauara ; Ceylon. 

164. Ceresium rufum, Lameere, Ann. Soc. Ent. Beige, xxxiv, C. R. 

p. ccxi (1890). 

" Close to C. crdatum, White, but without the white spots on 
the elytra. Reddish-testaceous in colour and clothed with a short 
faint greyish pubescence. Head moderately lengthened, very 
faintly rugose on the vertex ; antennae ciliated beneath. Pro- 
thorax a little longer than broad, its sides feebly rounded, very 
rugose on the disc, the rugosities transverse, two pubescent white 
spots on each side. Scutellum white. Elytra somewhat strongly 

* Although Perroud has described the prothorax as "deux fois et demie 
aussi long que large," I have no doubt about tlie identification of his species ; 
the description wliich he has given of it is very full, and in other respects, 
especially as to the position and character of the white spots, very accurate. 
The gemis IVuipldderu, Newra., to which he referred the species, exists only as 
a name ; it has never been characterized. In the Catalogue of Gemminger and 
Harold it appears as RhapJddodcra, Perrond, notwithstanding Peri'oud's state- 
ment that he was wholly ignorant of the characters of the genus. 



15S CERAMBTCID.I. 

punctured at base, more feebly and sparsely towards their apices. 
Breast and abdomen with more or less distinct pubescent white 
spots ; legs elotiied with rather long sparse pubescence ; the 
femora pedunculate afc base, clavate towards the apex. 

" Length 12 nnn. 

" Hah. India : Kunbur." 

165. Ceresium angustulum, sp. n. 

Narrow and elongate ; entirely testaceous red in colour, sparsely 
and faintly pubescent. Antermse longer than tlie bodv ; first and 
third joints subequal in length, each very slightly longer than the 
fourth but distinctly shorter than the htth. Prothorax: t-ylin- 
drical, about one-fourth longer than broad ; closely but not 
strongly punctured ; with a slightly raised carina along the middle 
of the disc. Elytra closely and strongly punctured, the punctures 
larger nearer the base, smaller towards the apex; rounded at the 
apex. Femora gradually thickened from a little before the middle 
and narrowed again towards the apex ; first joint of hind tarsus 
almost as long as the next two joints united. 

Leii'ith Sg ; hreadth 2| mm. 

Hah. Southern India : Nilgiri Hills {H. L. Amlreiues). 

16G. Ceresium geniculatum, White, Cat. Cut. B. M., Longic. ii, p. 245 
Ceresium rufipes, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Sue. (3) iii, p. 537 (1809). 

Black, clothed very sparsely with greyish hairs ; antennae and 
legs chestnut-red, with the femora narrowly tipped with black at 
the outer end. Antennae one-third longer than the body in the 
(S , a little longer than it in the $ ; sparsely fringed with pale 
hairs below ; third joint not longer than the first and only slightly 
IcHiger than the fourth. Prothorax a little longer than broad, 
slightly rounded at the sides, very closely and rather coarsely 
pnnctured, sometimes with a short smooth line along the middle 
of the disc. Elytra closely and rather strongly punctured from 
the base to a little past the middle and more finely towards the 
apex, each puncture with a short, decumbent, grey hair. Femora 
glossy, fusiform-clavate, pedunculate at the base, very sparsely 
pubescent and almost impunctate ; tibiae not carinate. 

Leiu/tJi !'-12.7 ; hreadth 2-3 nmi. 

Hah. Burma ; Andaman Islands ; Siam ; Timor ; Floi'es. 

167. Ceresium zeylanicum, White, Cat. Col. B. M., Longic. ii, p. 246 
( lt:55) ; l'a'<c<)c, 'fra/cs. JEnt. Sue. (3) iii, p. 53S. 

Varies from reddish brown to blackish brown in colour, with 
the elvtra and abdomen testaceous. Head covered in part with 
tawny ]iubescence. Antennae reddisli brown, about one-third 
longer than the body in tlie J; third joint scarcely longer than 
the tirst, but distuiclly longer than the fourth ; fifth to tenth sub- 



CERESIUM. 



159 



equal, each somewhat longer than the third. Prothorax subcyUn- 
drical, slightly longer than broad and very feebly rounded at the 
sides ; densely covered with greyish-white pubescence except over 
the middle of" the disc and on two or three small shining callosities 
towards the sides ; the central area almost bare of pubescence and 
coarsely punctured, but with a narrow niedian and two small ante- 
rior elevations, smooth. Elytra rounded at the apex, with rather 
close-set piliferous punctures, which are strong near the base and 
become gradually feebler towards the extremity. Abdomen testa- 
ceous, very faintly pubescent and without spots; the rest of the 
undersideand the legs dark brown, veiled with a short ash-grey 
pubescence ; prosternum before the coxae and the sides of the 
prothorax anteriorly strongly but not very closely punctured. 
Femora pedunculate at base, clavately thickened below the middle. 

LenyiJi 12 ; breadth 3 mm. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Assam : Sibsagor {in Indian Museum) ; Tenas- 
seriui : Victoria Pt. (Doherti/) ; Borneo ( Wallace). 

168. Ceresium leucosticticum, White, Cat. Col. B. 31., Lonyic ii,. 
p. 24-3, pi. vi, tig. 1 (1855). 
Brownish black above, with the elytra somewhat reddish along 
the middle part of the sutural border ; prothorax with four small 
laterally-placed spots of chalk- white pubescence above— two near 
the apex and two at the base ; scutellum 
white. Elytra with nine spots of chalk- 
A^hite pubescence — one at the suture a 
little behind the scutellum, three, in a. 
triangle, on each elytron just before the 
middle, and one, narrow and transverse, 
on each at about one-sixth from the apex. 
Antennae reddish brown, faintly pubes- 
cent, about a third longer than the body 
iu the (S , a little longer than it in the $ ;. 
first joint closely punctulate ; third a 
little longer than the first and distinctly 
longer than the fourth. Prothorax 
rounded at the middle of each side, a 
little longer than its width across the 
p. g^ middle; very closely subrugosely punc- 

Ceresium Imcosticticmn, tured, with a small smooth space on the 
White, J. X J. middle of the disc. Elytra somewhat 

depressed near the suture, distinctly br.t 
not very closely punctured, the punctures much feebler towards 
the apex, and each with a short decumbent hair. The body 
beneath varies from dark brown to reddish brown in colour, with 
spots of white pubescence at the sides. Legs reddish brown, with 
the femora darker at the tips ; femora rather closely punctulate ; 
tibite carinate. 

Length 8-12 ; breadth 2^-3 mm. 

Hob. Assam ; Burma ; Siam ; Sumatra. 




160 CEllAMBYCID.E. 

169. Ceresium rotundicoUe, Pa$coe,A. M. X. H. (5) xv, p. 54 (1855). 

Yerv closely allied to C. leucosticticinn, "White. Agrees wholly 
in structural characters with that species, and in the size and 
position of the white markings, but differs in colour. The colour 
above, as well as below, is a hght chocolate-brown, and the spots 
not chalk-white as in leucostictkum, but of a somewhat yellowish 
tint. 

Lenr^th 8-12 ; breadtJi 2-3 mm. 

Bab. Ceylon ; Southern India. 

170. Ceresium modestum, sp. n. 

$ . Testaceous red, with the elytra somewhat yellowish ; 
sparsely setose ; legs brownish black, with the stalks of the 
femora and the clavate portion in the middle more or less 
testaceous ; first three joints of the antennae black, the rest 
ferruc^inous. Head finely rugulose-punctate in front and between 
the antenufe and eyes. Antenna? about one-third longer than the 
body ; first joint finely and densely punctate ; third joint a httle 
louo-er than the first or fourth and shorter by nearly one-third 
than the fifth ; fifth to ninth subequal in length. Prothorax sub- 
cylindric, a httle narrowed in front, about oue-thii'd longer than 
broad, very faintly pubescent, subnitid, marked with a few scattered 
punctures ; the disc very feebly tuberculate at about one-third from 
the apex. Elytra densely punctate, the punctures setigerous, and 
gradually smaller as they approach nearer to the apes. Femora 
subabruptly clavate, pedunculate at base ; the hind pair not ex- 
tended as far as the apex of the elytra ; first joint of hind tarsi 
not quite so long as the second and third united. Body beneath 
testaceous, very faintly covered with grey pubescence. 

Length 11 ; breadth 3 mm. 

Bab. Assam : Patkai Mts. (Doherty). 

171. Ceresium ventrale, sp. u. 

Of a pale yellowish-testaceous colour, with the body beneath 
and the hind femora black ; the breast and abdomen rather densely 
clothed with whitish pubescence. Head somewhat densely punc- 
tured. Antennae about one-third longer than the body in the J ; 
first joint densely punctate, shorter than the third; third about 
one-third longer than the fourth, which is only half as long as 
the fifth. Prothorax nearly one-third longer than broad, sub- 
cyhndric, a little wider in the middle than towards each end ; the 
surface impunctate and dull. Scutellum densely covered with 
white pubescence. Elytra rather densely punctate, and very 
sparsely pubescent ; the punctures very minute on the apical 
third and larger and more distinct anteriorly. Femora clavate 
and pedunculate, the hind pair extend a little past the apex of 



CERESIUM. 161 

the elytra ; first joint of the hind tarsi as long as the second and 
third united. 

Lenyth 8-11 ; breadth 1 5-- ram. 

Uab. Burma : Karen Mts. (Doherti/). 

172. Ceresium apicale, sp. u. 

Testaceous red ; apex of elytra, legs (the peduncles of the 
femora excepted), metathorax, abdomen and first three joints 
of the auteuufe black. Antennas much longer than the body in 
the c? ; third joint a little longer than the first and nearly twice 
as long as the fourth, shorter than the fifth or sixth. Prothorax 
one-third louger than broad, sabcylindrical, narrowed in front and 
to a slight degree at the base ; the surface rather dull, somewhat 
iiTegularly and not very closely punctured, with a narrow, smooth 
median callosity on the middle of the disc. Elytra densely and 
rather strongly punctured, the punctures each with a short pale 
decumbent hair. Body beneath rather densely covered with 
greyish pubescence at the sides. Legs faintly ])ubescent, impunc- 
tate ; first joint of the hind tarsi as long as the next two joints 
united. 

Length 10 ; hreadth 2 mm. 

Hah. Tenasserim. 

173. Ceresium nilgiriense, sp. n. 

Testaceous red in colour, the elytra somewhat paler in tint than 
the prothorax ; head on the vertex between and behind the eyes 
^'overed with dense white pubescence ; prothorax with irregular 
confluent patches of white pubescence on the sides and on the 
lateral parts of the disc ; the scutellum also white ; body beneath 
with ashy pubescence on the sides of the thorax and four white 
spots on each side of the abdomen. Antennse longer than the 
body ; third joint slightly longer than the first and distinctly 
louger than the fourth ; fifth to tenth subequal, each longer than 
the third. Prothorax slightly longer than broad, a little rounded 
at the sides ; the disc irregularly rugulose or granulate. Elytra 
rounded at the apex; closely punctured, the punctures much 
stronger, more crowded and somewhat granular on the basal 
half, gradually more feeble towards the apex, each with a short, 
decumbent grey hair. Eemora fusiform clavate, pedunculate at 
the base. 

Length 13-16; hreadth 3|-1 mm. 

Hah. Southern India : N ilgiri Hills {H. L. Andrewes) ; Ceylon. 

174. Ceresium andamanicum, sp. n. 

Brownish red, sparsely covered with greyish pubescence. 
Antennae about one-fourth louger than the body in the J , slightly 
longer than it in the 2 ; third joint scarcely longer than first. 



VOL. 1. 



ii 



162 CEUAMBTCID.r. 

distinctly longei* than the fourth, Prothorax subcylindrical, nearly 
one-fourth longer than broad, very slightly rounded at the sides ; 
covered rather densely with short greyish or yellowisli-grey pubes- 
cence on the sides, less densely on tlje disc ; disc with a feeble 
cariniform elevation along the middle and three small callosities 
placed in an oblique row along each side. Scutellum closely 
covered with white pubescence. Elytra closely and strongly 
punctured from the base to a little past the middle, feebly towards 
the apex ; the punctures each witli a short, decumbent grey hair. 
Femora strongly f usiform-clavate, thickened from the base : faintly 
pubescent and almost impunctate. 

Leiu/th 11-14; breadth 3-34 mm. 

Jlab. Andaman Islands. 

In general form, more especially in the shape and structure of 
the prothorax, this species greatly resembles 0. zci/lanicHm.V^'hite, 
but differs from it in the shape and colour of the femora. It 
differs from C. sim2)lea\ Gyll., by its narrower and more elongate 
prothorax, and its more strongly thickened and darker coloured 
legs. 

175. Ceresium simplex, Gi/N. (Stenochorus). Sc/imh. Si/n. Ins., App. \\, 
p. 178(1817). 
Arhopalus ambiguus, Netcmun, Entomologist, \, p. 246 (1842). 

Brownish testaceous ; antennae and legs yellowish. Head rather 
densely covered above with pale yellowish pubescence. Antennse a 
little longer than the body in the S , not quite so long as it in the $ ; 
third joint not longer than the first, distinctly louger than the 
fourth ; fifth and sixth subequal. each longer than the third. Pro- 
thorax almost as broad as it is loug, slightly rounded at the sides, 
these covered with greyish pubescence ; disc faintly covered with 
greyish pubescence in the middle, marked with two spots or a longi- 
tudinal band of dense tawny-yellow pubescence at each side ; a 
narrow median and some small laterally placed callosities, smooth and 
glabrous, the intervening spaces sparsely and irregularl}- punctured. 
Scutellum covered with pale fulvous pubescence. Elytra closely 
and strongly punctured from the base to the middle, the punctures 
nearest the base somewhat granulate ; less strongly punctured 
behind the middle, the punctures become gradually feebler as they 
approach nearer to the apex ; the punctures also carry eacli a pale 
decumbent seta. Eemora fusiform-clavate, thickened gradually 
almost from the base. 

Lenrith 11-16 : hrcadth 3-41 mm. 

Hah. N. India ; Burma ; Tenasserim ; Ceylon ; Nicobar Islands : 
Philippine Islands ; Sumatra and Java to New Guinea ; Mauritius 
and ^iadagascar. Recorded also from Mexico. 

This species has been generally recognized as the one described 
by Gyllenhal under the name given above. But it corresponds in 
part only with his description, according to which the antennae are 
sometimes twice as long as the body — "Antennce interdum corpore 



STEXYGEINUM. 1G3 

duplo, in aliis parum longiores." lie 'probably confoLinded two 
distinct species, belonging perhaps to different genera, nnder the 
same name. The present species is qnite distinct from all others 
included in the Indian fauna ; it is very closely allied to C. unicolor. 
Fab., a widely distributed species found in the Oceanic islands. 

Genus SALPINIA. 
Salpinia, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (3) iii, p. 546 (1869). 

Type, S. diluta, Pasc, a species fi'om Borneo. 

Hanr/e. Assam, Penang, Borneo, and Java. 

Very closely allied to and scarcely distinct from Ceresium, 
Newm. The only points of difference are that the femora are 
gradually and less strongly thickened, and that the fourth antennal 
joint is distinctly longer than the first and very little shorter than 
the third. 

Two species of the genus are known — one from the Patkai Mts. 
in Assam, the other from Peuang, Borneo, and Java. 

17G. Salpinia socia, sp. u. 

Testaceous red, with the elytra yellowish ; the legs brownish 
black, the basal half of the middle and hind femora yellowish, 
the tarsi and apices of the tibia) reddish brown or brown. Head 
faintly covered in parts with golden pubescence. Antennte of $ 
one-third or so longer than the body ; first joint feebly punc- 
tulate ; third slightly longer than the fourth, which is nearly 
one-third longer than the first ; fifth subequal to the third. 
Prothorax about one-fifth longer than broad, slightly rounded 
at the sides; sparsely but strongly punctured, the sides and base 
covered with short grey pubescence which gives silvery reflec- 
tions. Elytra rather famtly covered with short, pale pubescence ; 
distinctly but not very densely punctured from the base to within 
one-fifth or one-sixth from the apes. Pemora gradually and not 
strongly thickened from the base for about four-fifths of their 
length, and then narrowed towards the apex; the hind pair 
extended just a little past the apex of the elytra; fourth joint of 
the hind tarsi sJightl}^ longer than the second and third united. 
Body beneath faintly covered with silvery-grey pubescence, which 
becomes more visible in certain lights. 

Length 9 ; breadth 2 mm. 

Mah. Assam : Patkai Mts. {Dohertij). 

This species is closely allied to /S'. diluta, Pasc, but easily distin- 
guished from it by the absence of markings from the elytra. 

Genus STENYGRINUM. 

Stenygrinum, B(des, A. M. N. II. (4) xii, p. 154 (1873). 
Type, 8. quadrinotatum, Bates. 

liancje. One species only is known, which ranges from Assam 
and North Burma through China and Japan. 

m2 



164 CEEAMBYCID.i:. 

Very closely allied to Ceresium, Xewm., from which it differs 
as follows : — Femora more abruptly clavate, tibiae carinate or 
sharply edged along the outer face, the uiiddle tibiae curved, and 
each of the autenual joints from the fifth to the tenth with acute 
anterior angle at the apex. 

177. Stenygrinum qnadrinotatum, Bates, A. M. N. H. (4) xii, p. 154 
(1873). 

Of a reddish-chestnut colour ; the head and prothorax dull ; 
the elytra glossy, black or brownish black in the middle third of 
their length and marked each with two yellow spots — one a little 
before, the other just behind the middle. Antennae of c5' a little 
longer and of 2 a little shorter than the body; faintly pubescent 
and sparsely ciliate beneath ; third joint slightly longer than the 
first and nearly one-third longer than the fourth : fifth to seventli 
subequal, each very slightly longer than the third. Prothorax 
subcylindrical, a little wider in the middle, distinctly longer than 
broad ; closely but not very deeply punctured above and at the 
sides, more closely and strongly punctured beneath except near the 
front border ; disc with a short, slightly raised smooth line along 
the middle. Elytra sparsely setose, distinctly but not very closely 
punctured except near the apex, the punctui-es there much smaller 
and less distiuct ; each eh' tron sharply rounded at the apex, 
slightly depressed in front near the suture and posteriorly on 
the middle of the disc. Metasternum, abdomen and the clavate 
portion of the femora very glossy and almost impunctate. 

Lencjtii 8-13; breadth 2-3 miu. 

Hah. Assam: 8hillong, Jaintia Hills; Manipur (Doherti/); 
Burma : Euby Mines (Dohertu) ; China ; Japan. 



Group OBRIINl. 

Eyes large, coarsely facetted, deeply emargiaate. Front coxae 
exserted, their acetabula completely closed posteriorly, and not 
angulated on the outer side. Acetabula of the middle coxa3 shut 
off from the epimera. Autenna) not spined. First sternite of 
the abdomen very long in both sexes, the second sternite of the $ 
much longer than the third, and, in most of the genera, very 
densely fringed \\ith hairs posteriori}-. 

Synojisis of the Genera. 

A. Front coxas very strongly exserted, sub- 

conical in form ; metathoracic episterna 
marked each with a rather deep longi- 
tudinal groove Obrium, p. 16-5, 

B. Front coxre less strongly exserted, sub- 

globular in form ; metathoracic episterna 
not marked with a long-itudinal irroove. 



OBHIUM. 



165 



a. Protliorax less than twice as loii<r as its 

■width at base; 2nd abdominal sternite 
of 2 densely fringed with hairs pos- 
teriorly Stexhomalus, p. IGO. 

b. Prothorax twice as long as its width at 

base; 2nd abdominal sternite of $ not 

fringed with hairs posteriorly Ibidioxidtjm, p. 



168. 



Genus OBRIUM. 

Obriuni, Serville, Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. iii, p. 93 (1834) ; Lacord. Gen. 

Coleopt. viii, p. 361 (1869). 
Phyton, Nnoman, The Entomologist, i, p. 19 (1840). 

Type, 0. cantliarinum, Linn., a European species. 

Bcmrje. Europe, Northern Asia, North and Central America, 
Burma, Borneo, and Mauritius. 

Head subvertically sloped in front ; the clypeus Hmited above 
by a rather deep, arcuate impression ; palpi short, the maxillary a 
little longer than the labial, last joint slender subcylindrical ; eyes 
large, deeply emarginate. Antennae about one-third longer than 
the'' bodv in the 6 , very little longer than it in the $ , sparsely 
furnished with long hairs ; third and fourth joints subequal, 
shorter than the fifth, fifth to tenth subequal, or gradually 
diminishing in length. Prothorax longer than broad, tuberculate 
or protuberant at, or before, the middle of each side, constricted 
near the base and also, but to a less extent, near the apex. 
Elytra parallel-sided, or slightly widened posteriorly, broadly 
rounded at the apex. Legs moderately long ; femora clavate and 
pedunculate ; front coxa3 strongly exserted, almost contiguous ; 
first joint of hind tarsus as long as the second and third united. 
Episterna of metathorax marked with a deep longitudinal groove. 
Eirst abdominal segment of 6 as long as the next three segments 
united, the second nearlv twice as long as the third; first 
segment of $ as long as the rest of the abdomen, the second 
deiisely fringed with hairs posteriorly, the third very short, the 
fourth and fifth longer. 

178. Obrium posticum, Galum, Ann. Mns. Civ. Geneva, xxxiv, p. 14 
(189 IJ. 

Yellowish -testaceous ; with the front of the head, the legs 
(excepting the stalks of the femora) and the apex of the elytra 
pitch-black ; the first four joints of the antennse black, the rest 
din"-y yellow. Head very finely and sparsely punctulate. Pro- 
thorax tuberculate at the middle of each side, constricted near the 
base and to a less extent near the apex ; minutely and sparsely 
punctulate above, with a nearly obsolete median tubercle on 
the posterior part of the disc. Elytra distinctly and rather 



166 CER.OIBTCID.i:. 

densely punctate, the punctures each with a moderately long 
decumbent hair. 

Lenrftli 9 mm. 

Hah. Burma: Mandalay (^Fca). 

Genus STENHOMALUS. 

Stenhomaliis, JMiite, Cat. Col. B. M., Lomjic. p. 243 (1855) ; 

Lacord. Gen. Coleopt. viii, p. 3G2 (1869). 
Stenomalus, Ganm. et Har. Cat. Col. ix, p. 2841 (1872). 

Type, S. fenestratus, White. 

Range. China, X. India, Burma, Ceylon, and Malay Archi- 
pelago. 

]S early allied to Ohrium, Sei'v. Eesembles it in form and general 
appearance, but is a little more depressed, the prothorax relatively 
longer, the front coxa) less strongly exserted and less closely 
approximated to one another. The antennae are somewhat longer 
than in Obrium, with the fifth and following joints longer in 
proportion to the third and fourth ; in the type and other closely 
allied species they are furnished with long projecting hairs, 
especially well marked at the apices of the third to fifth joints, 
where two or three coming oif side by side have at first sight the 
appearance of a single thick hair or long slender spine. In the 
structure of the abdomen, aud in the sexual differences appertaining 
thereto, the genus resembles Ohrium. 

A. Eyes verij large, closely appro.vimated ahove and heloiv ; 
antennce ivith long projecting liairs. 

179. Stenhomalus fenestratus, JVhite, Cat. Col. B. M., Lomjic. 
p. 243, pi. 8, tig. 2 (1855). 

Eeddish brown ; the elytra marked each with two pale sub- 
hyaline spots, rounded or oval in shape, placed near the 
suture, one just before the middle, the other 
between the middle aud the apex ; the apex 
itself and the shoulders somewhat paler in 
colour than the surrounding parts. Antennae, 
the basal joint excepted, covered with very 
short fulvous pubescence. Prothorax obtusely 
tuberculated at the middle of each side; con- 
stricted strongly at the base and very slightly 
in front of the lateral tubercles ; minutely 
Ym^&b—Sten- '"^^^ ^'^^^' sparsely punctate, sparsely fur- 
homaius fenestratus, nished with longish erect hairs. Elytra finely 
White. X ?. and somewhat sparsely punctate on the disc 
from the base to the middle. Femora rather 
gradually and not strongly clavate. Eirst joint of hind tarsi 
shorter than the second aud third united. 
Length Q^-'^ mm. 
Hah. Northern India ; North China. 




STENHOMALUS. 167 

ISO. Stenliomalus Y-pallidum, MotscJi. (Plnton) Bull. Soc. Imj). 
Xat. dv Moscoit, p. 405 (1803). 

" Elongate, narrow, pai'allel-sided, depressed, sparsely punc- 
tured, very slightly nitid, fusco-piceous. Elytra with four whitish 
bands, oblique, joined angularly at the suture, the third strongly 
dilated, the fourth apical, interrupted at the suture ; eyes large, 
black, somewhat prominent, facetted, closely approximate, deeply 
emarginate ; antennae and legs ringed with whitish ; thorax 
narrower than the head, subcylindrical, rugose, clothed with 
sericeous pubescence, subnodose at the sides. Elytra scarcely 
broader than the head, parallel-sided, the apex rounded, sparsely 
pilose. 

" Very close to P. paUidum, Say, from North America, but the 
thorax is narrower and silky with the elytral bands more distinct, 
the second band curved so as to form a V."' 

Lovjtli 5; Ijreadtli 1^ mm. 

Hah. Ceylon : Newara-Eliya. 

I have not seen a specimen of this species, but judging from 
the description it is almost certainly a StenJiomalus, and as the 
eyes are closely approximate I have placed it iu this section. 



B. Eijes smaller, rather uidehj separated above and heloxv ; 
antenme ivitJiout long projecting hairs. 

181. StenhomahlS lateralis, Pascoe (Obrium), Trans. Ent. Soc. (2) T> 
p. 20 (1859). 

Bro\Mnsh testaceous ; prothorax with a dark brown band aloog 
each side ; elytra each with a dark brown spot near the shoulder, 
another near the suture at about one-third from the base, and a 
dark brown ring near the apex, the apex itself and the spot 
enclosed by the ring yellowish, the lateral border dark brown 
except near the base and apex ; antennae with the first joint 
testaceous, the rest pale yellow; legs yellowish. Eyes rather 
videly separated above and below. Prothorax nearly twice as 
long as its width at the base ; very slightly protuberant on each 
side just before the middle, narroA^"ed distinctly towards the base 
and very little in front. Elytra slightly dilated posteriorly; 
distinctly and leather thickly punctate from the base to the middle 
or a little past the middle, the pimctures show a tendency to an 
arrangement in rows. 

Length 7 ; breadth 2 mm. 

Hab. Ceylon. 

In this species the eyes are widely separated as in the genus 
Obrium, the antennae are without the characteristic long hairs 
of the type species, and the prothorax also is longer and not 
tuberculate at the sides. 



168 CERAMBYCID.T. 

Genus IBIDIONIDUM. 

Ibidionidum, Gahan, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, xxxiv, p. 1-4 (1894). 

Type, I. corhetti, Galian. 

Bamje. That ot" the type species. 

Head strongly exserted ; front obliquely sloped, separated from 
the clypeus by a transverse groove ; eyes prominent, coarsely 
facetted, emarginate. Antennae a little longer than the body in 
both sexes ; first joint curved, gradually thickened towards the 
apex : third a little more than twice as long as the second and 
slightly shorter than the fourth ; fifth to tenth subequal. each 
much longer than the fourth. Prothorax elongate subcylindrical, 
with a conical tubercle at the middle of each side ; constricted 
at the base, slightly also in front of the lateral ^ tubercles. 
Elytra a little more than twice as long as the prothorax, gradually 
narrowed posteriorly and rounded at the apex. Legs moderately 
long ; the femora somewhat abruptly clavate, pedunculate at the 
base. Abdomen much narrowed towards the apex ; first segment 
in the S as long as the next four united ; first segment in the ? 
a little longer than the second, and the second as long as the 
succeeding segments united. 



182. Ibidionidum COrbetti, Gahun, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, xxxiv 
p. 15, pi. l,fig. y (I894j. 

Testaceous red, nitid, with the elytra of a ])aler, somewhat 

yellowish colour ; the head, prothorax, 

legs and antenna? sparsely furnished 

\^■ith rather long erect hairs. Prothorax 

twice as long as its width across the 

base ; slightly raised and curved in front, 

feebly bi-nodose on the disc. Elytra 

distinctlj^ and not very densely punctate, 

the punctures setigerous and arranged 

in rows, which extend from the base 

almost to the apex. Intercoxal process 

Fig. m.-Vndlonidum ^^ prosternum extending some distance 

corbeiti, Galmn. X ?. beyond the coxa3 behind and dilated so 

as to meet the epimera, which are 

correspondingly broad behind the coxte. First joint of hind tarsi 

nearlv as long as the second and third united. The joints of the 

antenna} from the fourth to the ninth are slightly angulated at 

the apex on the anterior side. 

Lenr/th 7-10 mm. 

Hah. Burma: Pauugde (Corbett), Yenang-gyaung (Fea). 




MOLORCHL^S. 169 

Group MOLORCHINI. 

Head more or less strongly exserted ; antennal supports feeble, 
entire ; eyes lateral, finely facetted, deeply emarginate ; gula 
with very short meutigerous process, sometimes absent ; palpi 
filiform. Prothorax unarmed or feebly tuberculate at the sides. 
Mesonotum with or without stridulatory area. Scutellum small. 
Elytra abbreviated in most of the genera. Front coxse angulate 
on the outer side, subconical and more or less prominent on the 
inner; their acetabula usually closed, exceptionally {Molorclius} 
open posteriorly. Acetabula of middle coxa3 extended to epimera. 
Femora generally clavate and pedunculate. Abdomiual segments 
unequal in length. 

Synopsis of Genera. 

A. Elytra abbreviated, more or less dehiscent 

posteriorly. 

a. Elytra slip-htly dehiscent, rounded at end : 

acetabula of front coxre open posteriorly . Moloechus, p. 169. 

b. Elytra stronpfly dehiscent, pointed at end ; 

acetabula of front coxoj closed posteriorly Merioxceda, p. 171. 

B. Elytra normal, completely covering abdo- 

men KuxBiR, p. 174. 

Genus MOLORCHUS. 

Molorchus, Fahr. (in part) Ent. Sijst. i, 2. p. 356 (1792) ; Muhant 

Coleopt. de France, Lonyic, ed. 1, p. 107 (1839) ; Lacord. Gen. 

CoUopt. viii, p. 486 (1869). 
Heliomanes, Neivman, A. 31. N. H. v, p. 17 (1840). 
Caenoptera, C. G. T/wnis. Skemd. Col. i, p. 150 (1859). 
Subgen. Linomius, Muhant, Coleopt. de France, Lonqk. ed. 2 

p. '226 (1862-3). 
Subgen. Sinolus, Muhant, I. c. p. 228. 
Couchopterus, Fairm. in Jac. du Val Ss Fairm. Gen. Col. Eur. 

Loncjic. iv., p. 153 (1868). 

Type, M. oninor, Linn., a European species. 

Range. Europe, North America, Ceylon, and Australia. 

Head short, slightly concave between the antennse ; the front 
vertical, trausv^erse ; maxillary palpi a little longer than the labial, 
the last joint in both subfusiform ; eyes deeply emarginate. 
Antenna) slender, filiform, much longer than the body in the S , 
shorter than the body in the § ; first joint gradually thickened to 
the apex, moderately long ; third, fourth and fifth variable as to 
their relative length ; sixth to tenth subequal ; eleventh either 
appendicidate or succeeded by a twelfth joint in the S , simple 
and always terminal in the § . Prothorax longer than broad, 
constricted at the base and to a less degree in front ; slightly 
tubercidate at each side ; usually with some callosities on the disc. 
Elytra very short, covering only the base of the abdomen ; 
slightly dehiscent posteriorly and rounded at the end. Femora 



170 



CERAMBYCID.li;. 



abruptly clavate, with a rather long slender peduucle at the base ; 
the hind pair as long as the abdomen in the d ; tarsi slender, with 
the first joint in the hind pair as long as the second and third 
united. Front coxae strongly exserted, their acetabula angulated 
on the outer side, open posteriorly ; the intercoxal process very 
narrow. 



183. Molorchus taprobanicus, sp. n. 

c? . Pitch-black and nitid, with the legs somewhat reddish at 
the base, and the abdomen furnished with patches of greyish- 
white pubescence at the sides. Antennae 11-joiuted, more than 
twice as long as the body ; third joint slightly shorter than the 

fourth, the latter distiiictly shorter 
than the fifth, sixth to tenth gradually 
and successively longer ; eleventh not 
longer than the tenth, its appendix 
very short and somewhat curved. 
Prothorax with a small conical tubercle 
on each side ; the disc with a short, 
narrow, median and two longer, lateral 
callosities, which are smooth and 
glossy, the narrow interspaces between 
them closely punctured. Elytra not 
longer than the prothorax, extended 
posteriorly as far as to the posterior 
border of the metasternum; sparsely 
punctate, very glossy, depressed in the 
middle, each sharply rounded at the 
apex. Femora rather strongly clavate ; 
middle tibice slightly dilated on the 
inner side just before the middle ; the 
hind tibite somewhat sinuately bent. First joint of the hind tarsus 
a little longer than the second and third united. 

Leiu/th (to apex of abdomen) 8 mm., of elytra 2 mm. 
Hab. Ceylon. 




Fig. G7. 
Molorchus taprohanicus, 
Gahan, c^ . 



184. Molorchus filiformis, Motsch. Etudes Entom. 1858, p. 67. 

" Elongate, parallel-sided, subfiliform, nitid, sparsely and 
coarsely punctured, black ; antennae at base, tibiae and tarsi 
rufo-piceous. Elytra rounded at the apex, marked with a whitish- 
testaceous, transverse, subsinuate spot in the middle of each 
elytron ; thorax elongate, slightly dilated ])osteriorly, constricted 
at base ; elytra short, shorter than the length of the thorax, 
depressed at the suture, margined, rounded at both sides of 
apex. 

" Lemjth 2^ ; breadth 3- lines. 

''Hak Ceylon. 

" Much narrower than either M. dimidiatus or J/. nmheJlatus, 



MERIO^'CEDA. 171 

nobis ; the thorax proportionally more elongate, more strongly 
constricted at base, the elytra shorter and narrower. The trans- 
verse white band on these sufHcieutly distinguishes this species. 
This is one of M. Nietners interesting discoveries at Colombo in 
Ceylon." 

Genus MERIONffiDA. 

IMerionreda, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (2) iv, p. 237 (1858) ; Lacord. 
Gen. CoUopt. viii, p. 490 (1869), 

Type, M. puella, Pasc, a species from Celebes. 

Range. Indo-Malayan and African Regions. 
S . Head somewhat elongated behind the eyes ; eyes rather 
large, deeply emarginate ; front strongly sloped, short, separated 
from the clypeus by rather deep sutural lines. Antennae generally 
shorter than the body ; the last six or seven joints more or less 
dilated ; first joint curved, thickened towards apex, third and 
fourth slender, subequal in length. Prothorax narrowed in front, 
constricted near apex, more or less tuberculate at the sides and 
also on the disc. Elytra subulate, shorter than the abdomen. 
Front and middle legs leather short, the front pair the shorter, 
their femora shortly pedunculate at base, moderately clavate at 
the apex ; hind legs very long, their femora with a long basal 
peduncle and a more or less abruptly formed, stout, oval club at 
the apex ; the tibise furnished with a long posterior spine and a 
single spur at the apex, also with two rows of small spines or 
teeth along the outer border. Front coxae rather strongly 
exserted, angulated on the outer side, their acetabula closed 
posteriorly. First and second abdominal segments long, the 
others short. 

2 . AntennjB relatively shorter and the hind legs shorter and 
less strongly clavate than in the d . First abdominal segment 
equal in length to the rest of the abdomen, obtusely pointed in 
front ; the second segment depressed in the middle, densely 
fringed with hair posteriorly, third and fourth very short, 
depressed. 



185. Merionoeda indica, Hope (Molorchus), Grai/'s Zool. Misc. p. 28 
(1832). 

2 . Black, with the abdomen and a ring on each of the hind 
femora just before the apical club, testaceous yellow. Head with 
a deep impression that separates the clypeus and front. Antennae 
shorter than the body ; the outer joints very slightly dilated ; 
third and fourth joints subequal, each a little shorter than the 
first or fifth. Prothorax longer than broad, narrowed anteriorly, 
dee})ly groo-\-ed near the apex ; the groove deflected back- 
wards near the middle of the disc so as to form two sulcata 
impressions separating a narrow median from two larger, obliquely 



172 



CEEAMBYCID.T. 



oval, dorsal tubercles ; each side with au obtuse tubercle just 
before the middle. Elytra scarcely luore than twice the length of 
the prothorax ; each somewhat in the form of an elongate triangle 
with a short carina near the apex ; the surface strongly but 
not thickly punctured. First abdominal segment as long as the 
remaining segments united; second and third fringed with tawny 
hairs posteriorly. Hind femora strongly and very abruptly 
clubbed at the apex : hind tibite with two rows of short spines 
along the outer (or dorsal) face, and a long spiniform process at 
the apex. 

Lenr/th (to tip of abdomen) 9 : hreadth 2 mm. 

Hah. Nepal. 

186. Merionoeda andrewesi, sp. n. 

$ . Head, prothorax, elytra and antenna) testaceous, the 
elytra, especially towards the apes, somewhat paler than the 
other parts; body beneath, the prothorax excepted, and legs 
black, with all the tarsi and the tibiae of the first two pairs 
reddish brown. Head very glossy, feebly and very sparsely 
punctured ; clypeus separated from the 
front by a rather deep arcuate impression, 
from which a short median groove passes 
upwards along the front, Antennoe I'each 
to the tips of the elytra ; first joint glossy» 
the others faintly pubescent and dull ; 
third shorter than the first or fourth, fifth 
and sixth increasing, and seventh to tenth 
decreasing gradually in length. Pro- 
thorax glossy, narrower in front than at 
the base, with an obtuse tubercle on each 
side just before the middle ; a deep trans- 
verse groove near the apex and a feebler 
groove near the base ; the disc with three 
feebly raised tubercles — one median small 
and fiask-shaped, two larger and lateral ; 
the anterior ti-ansverse groove deflected in 
the middle so as to form sulcate depressions 
that separate the median from the lateral 
tubercles. Elytra reach almost to the tip of the abdomen ; they 
are about three times as long as the prothorax and meet at the 
suture for about a third of their length, then dehisce and become 
very narrow posteriorly, acuminate at the apex ; the surface 
strongly but not very closely punctured. First abdominal 
segmeut longer than the rest united, the second fringed ])osteriorly 
with tawny hairs, the last segment reddish, and the intermediate 
segments telescoped and invisible. Hind femora extend by 
about the apical third beyond the apex of the abdomen, with 
this portion strongly thickened into a fusiform club ; middle and 
front femora much less stronglv thickened : hind tibite with two 




Fig. 08. 

Mcrtona'da andreicesi, 

Gahan. X ?. 



MERIONCEDA. 173 

rows of sliort spines along the outer face and armed with a long 
spiniform process at the apex. 

Lenrith 10 ; breadth 2\ mm, 

Hab. Southern India : ISTilgiri Hills {H. L. Andrewes). 



187. Merionceda taprobanica, sp. u. 

2 . Testaceous yellow, with the exception of the antenna^ and 
hind legs ; antennte brownish black, with the first joint somewhat 
reddish at the base ; hind legs black, with the peduncles of the 
femora and the extreme base of the tibia? yellowish. Head nitid ; 
feebly and sparsely punctnlate near the eyes, almost impnnctate 
elsewhere ; clypeus limited above by two deep oblique impressions 
that meet in the middle. Antennae reaching to the apex of the 
elytra ; third and fourth joints subeqnal, each shorter than the 
fifth ; fifth slightly, and the following joints more strongly, dilated. 
Prothorax glossy, not longer than broad, narrowed anteriorly ; 
a small obtuse tubercle on each side, and three distinctly 
raised tubercles on the disc — the median one smaller and narro\^er 
than the other two and separated from them by sulcate intervals 
continuous with the deep groove crossing near the apex. The 
elytra about two and a half times as long as the prothorax, dehisce 
from about the middle of their length, and are stronglj'^ but not 
very thickly punctured ; each with a short carina near the apex. 
Hind femora with an abruptly formed, ovate, black club at the 
apex ; hind tibioB with two rows of short spines along the dorsal 
face, and a long spiniform process at the apex. 

Length (to tip of abdomen) about 8 mm. 

Hab. Ceylon : Kandy {ti/j^^ in coll. G. Lewis). 

188. Merionceda nigriceps, Wldte (Heliomanes), Cat. Col. B. M., 

Lowjic. p. It^l, pi. 5, fig. 1 (18o5). 

5 . Testaceous yellow ; with the head, the distal seven joints of 
the antennae, the tips of the elytra, the clavate portions of the 
hind femora, and all but the bases of the hind tibia3, brownish 
black. Head nitid, irregularly punctnlate, the punctures thickly 
])laced near the eyes, very sparsely elsewhere ; clypeus separated 
from the front by a deep impression. Antennae shorter than the 
body ; third joint scarcely as long as the first or fourth ; fifth and 
following joints slightly dilated. Prothorax broader than long, 
obtusely tuberculate near the middle of each side ; feebly grooved 
near the apex, the groove deflected backwards on the disc so as to 
form two lines that separate a narrow, median, very feebly raised 
area from two laterally placed tubercles. Elytra a little more 
than twice as long as the prothorax, obtusely pointed at the apex, 
strongly but not densely punctured. Clavate portion of hind 
femora elongate-ovate or subfusiform, not so short nor so abruptly 
formed as in M. indica ; hind tibiae with two rows of short spiues 



17-i CEltA.MBTCID.1. 

on the outer (dorsal) face, and a long spiniforui process at the 
apex. 

Leiirilli (to tip of abdomen) 11 mm. 

Hah. Burma : Moulmeia ; Assam : Patkai Mts. (Doliertfj). 

189. Merionceda amaliilis, Jordan, Stett. Eat. Zeit. 189o, p. 263. 

Unicolorous testaceous yellow ; with the autennte, the extreme 
apex of the el_ytra and a ring before the apex of the hind femora 
black, the apex of the hind tibise brownish. Head with a rather 
deep impi-ession that separates the clypeus from the front, and a 
short median groove on the front between the anteiuial sup- 
ports ; finely punctulate, the punctures densely placed near the 
eyes. Pi-othorax nitid, longer than broad, obtusely tuberculate on 
each side and triluberculate above, the median tubercle with a 
slight depression before the base. Elytra nitid, reaching nearly 
to the middle of the first abdominal segment ; dehiscent from 
about the middle of their length, strongly punctured in irregular 
rows. 

LenqiJi 13 ; hreadtli 3 mm. Elytra 4| mm. long. 

Hah. Assam : Khasi Hills. 

From M. nigrkeps, "White, which it most resembles, this species 
is readily distinguishable by its yellow head, entirely black 
autennte and relatively longer prothoras. 

Genus KUNBIR. 
Kunbir, Lameere, Ann. Soe. Ent. Behj. 1890, C. H. p. ccxiii. 

Type, K. telej^horoides, Lameere. 

Range. That of the type species. 

Allied to Mer'ionoeda, Pasc, from which it differs by the following 
characters : — Elytra much longer, completely or almost completely 
covering the abdomen, a little narrowed in the middle, not 
dehiscent, separately and rather broadly rounded posteriorly. 
Hind legs shorter; the femoi'a extend only a little past the 
apex of the elytra, with the club less abruptly formed ; the tibise 
asperate instead of spinulose, with two spurs at the end. 

This genus has been placed by Lameere in the group Cieomenini, 
but as it has the acetabula of the middle coxa? open to the epimera 
and the acetabula of the front coxie augulate on the outer side, 
it cannot rightly enter into that group. The structure of the 
abdomen in both sexes resembles that of 2Ieriono:da, and in all 
other points, the length and form of the elytra excepted, there is 
a rather close resemblance between the two genera. 

190. Kunbir telephoroides, Lameere, Ann. Soc. Ent. Belij. 1890, C. li. 

p. ccxiii. 

(S . Testaceous red, nitid ; anteunoe, apex of elytra, abdomen. 



KUXBI15, 



175 



clavate portions of the bind femora and the hind tibiae and tarsi 
black. Head sparsely punctured. Antennae a little shorter than 
the body, the last seven joints very slightly dilated ; third joint 
shorter than the first or fourth ; "fourth shorter than the fifth. 
Prothorax with, a feeble tubercle on each side and three on the 

disc — one postero-median very small, 
the other two lateral somewhat larger. 
Elytra distinctly but not very closely 
punctured, the punctures subseriate 
in places ; the dark apical area, which 
is slightly tinged with blue, sparsely 
and very feebly punctate. Body, legs, 
and base of antenna) furnished spax'sely 
with longish erect hairs. First ster- 
nite of abdomen as long as the second 
and third, the second as long as the 
third and fourth united. 

5 . Body beneath entirely testa- 
ceous. Antennae extend only a little 
past the middle of the elytra. First 
sternite of the abdomen longer than the rest of the abdomen ; 
second short, areuately emarginate posteriorly, fringed with hairs ; 
third and fourth depressed, the third more or less completely 
hidden by the second; fifth broadly sinuate at the apex, the 
pygidium extended a little beyond it. 
Length 7-9 ; hreadth 2-21 mm. 
Hah. Central India : Chutia Nagpur. 




ji-jg^ 69_ — Kiinhir telejjhoroides, 
Lameere, $• X f- 



Group ROSALIINI. 

Head exserted; antennal tubercles short, emarginate; eyes 
lateral, finely facetted, broadly and deeply emarginate ; gula with 
very short meutigerous process. Prothorax feebly tubei-culate or 
unarmed at the sides. Scutellum small. Elytra generally long. 
Front coxae subglobular, not prominent, more or less augulate on 
outer side ; their acetabula open posteriorly. Acetabula of middle 
coxae extended to epimera. A^ein Cu 1 of hind wings simple, 
Cu2 absent. 

Most of the genera belonging to this group are found in America. 
Two only occur in the Oriental Eegion,one of these is represented 
also in Europe, Japan, and North America. 



Synopsis of Genera. 

A. Hind legs of moderate length, their femora 

not extended past apex of elytra Eosalia, p. 176. 

B. Hind legs very long, their femora extended 

considerably past apex of elytra, their [p. 180. 

tibife foliaceous in distal half Callichromopsis. 



176 CERAilBYCID^, 



Genus ROSALIA. 



Eosalia, Serville, Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. ii, p. 561 (1833) ; Lacord. Gen. 

CoUopt. ix, p. 33 (18(59) ; Lameere, Ann. Soc. Ent. Bely. xxxi 

p. 171 (1887;. 
Eurybatiis, Thorns. Essai Classif. Ceramh. p. 250 (18C0) ; Lacord. 

Gen. CoUopt. ix, p. 32 (1869). 

Type, R. alpina, Linn., a Palsearctic species. 

Range. Palasarctic and Indo-Malayan Kegions, and jN'orth-West 
Xoi'tli America. 

Head with the fore-part and mandibles sloped forward ; the 
front sub-vertical, raised between the antennre so as to form a 
transverse ridge concave in the middle ; eyes moderate, finely 
facetted and very deeply emarginate ; gense long and rather 
prominent ; palpi subecjual. Antenna; much longer than the body 
in the S , a little longer or shorter than the body in the $ ; first 
joint clavately thickened towards apex ; third equal to or longer 
than the fourth ; fifth to tenth sulaequal or successively and very 
slightly shorter iu length ; third to fifth thickened and spiued at 
the apex, and sometimes, -with one or more of the succeeding 
joints, fuMiished with a dense tuft of hairs at the apex. Prothorax 
transverse, rounded or protuberant at the sides. Elytra long, 
rounded at the apex. Legs moderately long; femora more or less 
thickened at, or below, the middle, the hind pair not reaching to 
the apex of the elytra ; first joint of hind tarsus as long as the next 
two joints united. Front coxse strongly angulated outwards ; 
acetabula widely open posteriorly ; intercoxal process raised and 
rather narrow in the middle, shortly deflexed posteriorly. Meso- 
steruura canaliculate posteriorly; epimera large, extending broadly 
to the coxfe. Episterna of metathorax broad, narrowed and pointed 
posteriorly. 

The bodv is densely covered with pubescence, with a charac- 
teristic colour in each of the two sections of the genus. One of 
these sections corresponds to the genus Rosalia of IServille and 
Lacordaire, the other to the genus Eurybatus of Thomson. 



1. Pubescence pale hlue or Uuish-greji ivitli black bands and spots; 
antennce tuith strong tufts of hairs at apices of joints third to 
sixth or eighth in both sexes ; mandibles of fidhj -developed 
males with dorsal tooth near base. (Subgenus Eosalia.) 

191. Eosalia lameerei, Brongn. Bidl. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1890, p. cxxi: 
Le \at xii p 153 fio'-'d >-^ $(1890); Nviiv. Archiv. du Museutn 
(3) iii, p! 243," pi. ioriigs. 7 & 8 (1892). 

Closely covered above with very short pale lavender-blue pubes- 
cence varied with spots and bands of black pubescence. Head 



KOSALIA. 



17 



black ; the sides sparsely punctate, glabrous aud glossy; the front 
minutely, aud the vertex more strongly, puuctulate, both faintlv 

pubesceut ; mandibles vary iu the male 
according to the size and development of 
the iudividual — iu large males they are 
rather long and horizontal, furnished 
each with a strong dorsal i-idge and a 
tooth near tlie base ; iu smaller males 
obliquely incliiied as in the female, with 
the dorsal tooth small or even entirely 
absent. Anteunce longer than the 
body by the last five joints iu the S 
aud the last four iu the ? ; pale blue, 
with the first two joints entirely and 
the rest at the apex black ; third to 
sixth strongly, and some of the suc- 
ceeding joints feebly, tufted with black 
hairs at the apex, Prothorax rounded 
at the sides, slightly narrowed towards 
the base ; the disc with a large black 
spot that extends from the middle to the 
front margin and spreads out in front, also a small round black 
spot on each side. Scutellum blue. Elytra marked each \vith 
four large transverse spots or bands— one at the base, the second 
at one-fourth from base, the third just behind the middle, and the 
fourth a little before the apex. Body beneath for the most part 
pale blue, with the raesothorax almost wholly black. Le^s black • 
the femora, which are gradually thickened and subfusifornrtowards 
the apex, with a pale blue ring or spot ou the thickest part ; hind 
tibiffi dilated and fringed with hairs at the apex ; middle and hind 
tarsi pale blue above. 

Length 16-28 ; breadth 4-7 mm. 

Hab. Burma : Ruby Mines, North Chin Hills ; Siam. 




Fig. 70. — Eosalia lamecrei, 
Brongn., J. X -j. 



II. Puhescmce vermilion, with blach spots and bands ; antennce 
ivithout strong tufts of hair except in the 5 of one species; 
mandibles without dorsal tooth in (S . (Subgenus Euetbatus.) 

A. Bodg beneath entirely black ; femora fusiform or suhlinear. 

192. Rosalia laterilia, Hope (Lamia), Grays Zool. Misc. p. 27 (1831 ) ; 
Lamecrs, Ann, Soc. lint. £ely. xxxi, p. 165, pi. 3, fig. 3 (1887), 

Body beneath black ; head black, sometimes with two red spots 
on the vertex ; pronotum aud elytra red, the latter frequentlv 
with a small spot or baud under each shoulder, and rarel}^ a small 
lateral spot at the middle, especially in the S . Antennce of j 
extending by the last four joints beyond the apex of the elytra ; 
first joint finely shagreened ; third and fourth subequal ; third to 

VOL. i. TS 



i/0 CERAMBYCID.i:. 

fifth 8ubasperate, augulate at the ajiex ; autennse of $ shorter 
than the body, third to fifth joints dilated at the apex and fur- 
nished there with a strong tuft of hairs. Prothorax globose at 
the sides in the J , feebly tuberculate in the $ ; disc with a small 
velvety tubercle on each side, more pronounced in the $ . Scutellum 
black, sometimes with two red spots. Femora with a subfusiform 
thickening below the middle. lutercoxal processes of pro- and 
mesosterua rather broad. 

Lewjth 25-32 mm. 

Hah. Himalayas ; Travancore ; Burma ; Indo-China. 



193. Eosalia gravida, Lmneere, Ann. Soc. Ent. Behj. xxxi, p. 166, 

pi. 3, fig. 4 (1887). 

Black beneath ; head black ; pronotum and elytra vermilion ; 
elytra strongly dilated posteriorly, marked each with a black spot 
at the middle and often with another smaller one under the 
shoulder. Antennae of J extended by the last four joints beyond 
the apex of elytra : third joint slightly longer than fourth ; third 
to fifth with a small recurved spine at the apex of each posteriorly; 
antennoe of $ longer than the body ; joints third to fifth dilated, 
strongly angulate at the apex and thickly covered there with 
pubescence. Prothorax globuiarly rounded at the sides in the 6 , 
subtuberculate there in the $ ; disc with a small velvety black 
tubercle, more pronounced in the $ , on each side. Elytra dilated 
from the middle back^^'ards and regularly rounded posteriorly, 
Pemora sublinear, slightly thicker in the middle. 

Length 23 mm. 

Hah. Sikhim : Darjeeling. 



194. Rosalia hariola, Thoms. (Eurvbatus) Essai Classif. Ceramb. 
p. 250 (1800) ; Lamcere, Atin. Soc. Ent. Behj. xxxi, p. lOG, pi. 3, 
fig. 5 (1887). ' 

Body beneath black ; head black, sometimes with two red spots 
above ; pronotum and elytra red, marked with black spots — three 
on the pronotum and five on each elytron. Antennae of S longer, 
by the last four joints, than the body ; first joint rugulose ; third 
to fifth subasperate, armed each Avith a recurved spine at the apex ; 
antenna; of $ almost as long as the body, joints third to fifth 
dilated, strongly angulate, and densely pubescent at the apex. 
Prothorax globose and feebly tuberculate at the sides in the male, 
somewhat uneven at the sides in the female : disc with a postero- 
median and two smaller lateral velvety black spots, each of the 
lateral spots surrounds the base of a small conical tubercle. 
vScutellum black, sometimes with two red spots. Elytra slightly 
dilated postei'iorly, each with five black spots — one at the shoulder, 
two, one of which is discal the other submai'ginal, at one-fourth 
from the base, a discal spot at the middle, and a lateral s]}ot, 



I? OS ALIA. 179 

sometimes wanting, between the middle and apex. Temora sub- 
linear, slightly thicker below the middle, subnitid, finely and rather 
densely puuctulate, the punctures with shoi't setse. 

Le)i(/iJt 24-3<J mm. 

Hub. Sikhim : Darjeeling, Pedoug ; Calcutta. 

B. Bodi/ beneath red in part ; femora suhclavate. 

a. Abdomen blacl'. 

195. Rosalia deceinpunctata, Westw. (Parpuricenus) Cab. Or, Ent. 
p. oU, pi. 2!:), tig. 2 (1848) ; Lumeere^ Ann. Soc. Ent. Behj. x.xxi, 
p. lb", pi. 3, lig. 6 (1887). 

Body beneath, except the prosternum, black; the prosternum 
red, with the intercoxal part and a triangular spot on each side 
black ; head black, sometimes with two red spots above ; pronotum 
and elytra red, the first with four, or sometimes only three, and 
the latter with a variable number of black spots. AntenniB of (S 
extend by their last three joints beyond the apex of the elytra ; 
first joint sparsely punctulate : third slightly longer than fourth ; 
third to fifth each with a blunt spine almost at right angles from 
the apex, the spine on the third joint strongest ; antennte of $ 
shorter than the body, joints third to fifth dilated, densely pubes- 
cent and subspinose at the apex. Prothorax globose at the sides 
in both sexes ; the disc with a tubercle on each side in the female, 
without it in the male ; marked with four black spots, two median 
and two lateral, the anterior median spot sometimes absent. 
Elytra each with from two to five black spots — two dorsally placed, 
one at the middle and the other midway between it and the base, 
one small lateral spot at about one-fifth from the base, one dorso- 
lateral between the middle and apex ; in addition to these there is 
sometimes a small black spot at the base close to the scutellum ; 
the median dorsal spot is genei'ally present, but any or all of the 
other spots are liable to disappear. Femora subclavately thickened 
below the middle, sparsely punctulate and more or less nitid. 
Intercoxal processes of pro- and mesostei'na nai'row. 

Length 20-35 mm. 

Hab. Sikhim : Darjeeling, Pedong ; Assam ; Java ; Borneo. 

196. Eosalia laeta, Lameere, Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. xxxi, p. 168, pi. 3, 

tig. 7 (1887). 

Bodv beneath black, with the prosternum orange-red except 
between and around the coxa^ ; head black, sometimes red on top ; 
pronotum orange-red with three or four black spots — two median 
and two lateral, the antero-median spot very small and often 
wanting, the postero-median sometimes replaced by two small 
points ; elytra orange-red, each with four black spots^two placed 
obliquely, one dorsal and one lateral, at one-fourth or so from the 
base, the third, dorsal, at the middle, the fourth a little behind 

n2 



180 CEEAMBTCID^. 

the middle and a little nearer to the side. Auteunfe of S longer 
than the body by their last two joints ; first joint sparsely punc- 
tulate; third longer than fourth ; third to fifth armed each with a 
straight blunt spine at the apex, the spine on the third strongest ; 
antennae of $ reaching to posterior third of the elytra, joints third 
to fifth dilated, spined and densely pubescent at the apes. Pro- 
thorax globose at the sides in both sexes ; the lateral black spots 
of the disc mark each the position of a small tubercle which is 
distinct in the female, but almost obsolete in the male. Femora 
subolavately thickened below the middle. Intercoxal processes of 
pro- and mesosterna narrow. 

LenntJi 25-34 mm. 

Hah. Tenasserim ; Java. 

b. Abdomen red, u'itli last ser/ment, only, black. 

197. Rosalia foriuosa, Sound. (Cerambyx) Trans. Ent. Sac. Land, ii, 
p. 178, pi. 16, fig. 4 (1839) ; Lameere, Ann. Soc. Ent. Bely. xxxi, 
p. 170, pi. 3, fig. 9 (1887). 

Body beneath red, with the last ventral segment, the whole of 
the mesothorax, and tlie coxal borders of the prothorax and meta- 
thorax black ; head black ; pronotum red, with three or four black 
spots ; elytra red, with a broad black band at the base and another 
behind the middle, also two black spots, one dorsal and one lateral, 
placed obliquely on each between the bands. Antenna of cJ 
extending by more than the last four joints beyond the apex of 
the elytra ; first joint nitid, rather sparsely punctulate ; third 
slightly longer than the fourth ; third to fifth or sixth armed each 
with a sharp oblique spine at the apex ; antennae of $ longer 
than the body; joints thii-d to fifth spined and densely covered 
Mith pubescence at the apex. Prothorax globose and, in the female, 
slightly tuberculate at the sides ; disc wif h four black spots, two 
median and two lateral, the antero-median spot small and subject 
to disappear ; each of the lateral spots marks the position of a small 
conical tubercle, which is more distinct in the female. Femora 
subclavately thicliened below the middle, sparsely and feebly 
punctulate, and nitid. Intercoxal process of prosternum and 
mesosternum narrow. 

Length 21-40 mm. 

Hah. The Himalayas ; Sikhim : Darjeeling ; Barrackpore ; 
Assam. 

Genus CALLICHROMOPSIS. 

Callichromopsis, Chevr. Mem. Sue. R. Sci. de Lieye, xviii, p. 255 
(1863) ; Lacord. Gen. Coleojit. ix, p. 31 (1869). 

Type, C. teleplioroidcs, Westw. 
Range. Ceylon. 

Head slightly raised and transversely concave between the 
antennas ; vertex sloped gradually from the occiput ; front sub- 



CALLICHROMOrSIS. 



181 



vertical, separated from the clypeus by a fine transversely arcuate 
impression ; eyes finely facetted, emarginate, with the lo^\■er lobe 
rounded, the upper narrow ; maxillary lobes elongate, with brush 
of hairs at the end ; last joint of palpi triangular. Antennai of 
$ nearly one-third longer than the body ; third joint the longest, 
almost twice as long as the first ; fifth a little longer than fourth 
aud shorter than third ; sixth to tenth slightly thickened and 
gradually shorter, each denticulate in front at the apex ; third to 
fifth feebly spined posteriorly at the apex; eleventh a little longer 
than the tenth. Prothorax as broad as long, slightly rounded at 
the sides, marked with a transverse groove near base and apex. 
Elytra much broader than the prothorax, slightly narrowed back- 
wards, broadly truncate at the apex, scarcely more than tAvice as 
long as their width across the base. Legs long ; the hind pair 
very long, with the femora extended by half their length beyond 
the apex of the elytra ; the tibiae spatulately dilated in their distal 
half, and the first joint of the tarsus much longer than the 
remaining joints united. Front coxae rounded, their acetabula 
shghtly angulate outwards, open posteriorly. Episterna of meta- 
thorax moderately bi'oad except near the apex, where they are 
abruptly narrowed and marked with a pit-like depression. 



198. Callichromopsis telephoroides, Westic. (Cerambyx) Cab. Orient. 
Bnt. p. 59, pi. 29, fig. 1 (1848) ; Clievr. Mem. Soc. H. >S'cj. de 
Liege, xviii, p. 255 (1863). 

Body above and below orange-red, with rather more than the 
apical third of the elytra black : antenna? black, with the seventh 
and eighth joints pale yellow ; legs black, 
with almost the whole of the front femora 
and the basal half or third of the middle 
and hind femora fulvous. Head finely 
and closely punctured, somewhat dull 
above, subnitid in front. Eirst antennal 
joint finely and very closely punctate; the 
third and a few of the following joints 
sparsely fringed with hairs beneath. Pro- 
thorax closely covered Avith broad shallow 
punctures, the interstices formed into a 
fine reticulation ; sparsely clothed Avith 
erect tawny pubescence. Elytra very 
closely and rather finely punctate, feebly 
convex above ; the anterior red part clothed 
with tawny pubescence, and the black 
part Avith very short black pubescence. 
Body beneath with a short silky pubes- 
cence, that has a golden lustre in certain lights. 

Length 14-15 ; breadth 4 mm. 

Hab. Ceylon. 




Fig. 71 . — Callichromopiiis 

telephoroidcs, Westw. 

X I. 



182 CERAMBYCIDiB. 



Group MYTHODINl. 

Head exserted ; eyes lateral, finely facetted, entire, prominent, 
oval or rounded ; antenna3 approximated at base, inserted between 
the ej'es, as far from them as from one another, certain of the 
joints tufted with hairs, Prothorax longer than broad ; the sides 
rounded in the middle, feebly or not tuberculate. Mesonotum 
without stridulator}- area. Front coxa? globular, not prominent ; 
their acetabula angulate on the outer side, narrowly open poste- 
riorly. Acetabula of middle coxae extended to epimera. Femora 
pedunculate and clavate. Vein Cu 1 of hind wings simple, Cu 2 
absent. 

This small but remarkable group comprises only three genera, 
two of which occur in the Malay Peninsula, the third in Northern 
India and Upper Burma. In two of the genera (Jlythodes and 
Phyodexia) the metathoracic episterna have each a small deep 
fovea near the hinder end. These fovese are in all probability 
scent-pores, notwithstanding their position, which is less close to 
the metasterual sutures than in other groups. 



Genus PHYODEXIA. 
Phyodexia, Pascoe, A. M. K. H. (4) viii, p. 273 (1871). 

Type, P. concinna, Pascoe. 

Eange. That of the type species. 

Front of head sloped, subquadrate ; antennal supports approxi- 
mated, very slightly raised ; eyes rather small but prominent, 
entire, hemispherical. Autenute shorter than the body ; first joint 
clavate, slightly curved, longer than the second and third united ; 
fourth aud sixth longer, fifth shorter, than the third, all three 
furnished with long tufts or brushes of hair ; seventh to tenth 
sliort, subequal ; eleventh appeudiculate, longer than the tenth. 
Prothorax longer than broad, sulcately constricted near the base 
and apex ; disc swollen and strongly convex towards each side, 
slightly depi'essed along the middle. Mesouotum without stridu- 
latory area. Elytra about two and a half times as long as broad, 
subtruucate at the apex. Intercoxal process of prosternum feebly 
arched, scarcely dilated posteriorly, not reaching to the epimera. 
Femora pedunculate at the base, abruptly clavate near the apex, 
the hind pair reaching beyond the apex of the elytra. Front coxje 
globular, not prominent, slightly angulate on the outer side. 



PHYODEXIA. 



183 



199. Phyodexia concinna, Pascoe, A. M. K. H. (4) viii, p. 273, pi. 13, 
fi- '2 (1871). 

Black with the elytra steel-blue varying to violet, and the legs 
and basal joints of the antennee reddish, 
furnished 'above and below with some 
sparsely scattered long erect hairs. Head 
closelv punctured above between _ and 
around the eyes, less closely on its hinder 
part. Second joint of antennte with a 
long narrow tuft of hairs on one side, 
third with a similar tuft at the apex, 
fourth, fifth and sixth almost completely 
surrounded with brushes of black hair, 
seventh and eighth joints angulate at the 
apex in front. Prothorax strongly and 
verv closely punctured, except on the 
thickened front edge of the anterior trans- 
verse groove. Elytra less strongly and 
less closely punctured; sparsely pubes- 
cent. Body beneath distinctly but not 
closely punctured, sparsely pul)esceut : 
episterna of metathorax marked each with 
a small deep pit (in all probability a scent- 
pore) near its hinder end. 

Length 1-4-15 ; breadth 4 mm. 
Uab. Himalavas : Mussooree, Darjee- 
Patkai Mts. {Boherty) ; Upper Burma : 




Fig. 72. 

Phyodexia concinna, i'asc. 

X h 



ling, Bhutan ; Assam 
Maymyo {Col. Bingham). 



Group PUliPURICENINI. 

Head moderately exserted ; eyes finely facetted, broadly and 
deenlv emaro-inate ; antennal supports emargmate ; front vertical 
ortclinl^ Antennae much longer as a rule than the bodv m the 
A shorter than the body in the 5 , in this sex often tlnckened 
t^;-ards the apex. Prothorax generally tuberculate at the^ sides. 
Scutellum rather long, triangular, acute at apex. Iront coxa> 
Globular, not angulate on the outer side, their acetabula open 
posteriorly. Acetabula of middle coxa^ extended to epimem. 
Metathorax with scent-pores. Wings with vein Cu 1 usually 
simple, Cu 2 absent. . „, 

Several genera, mostly American, belong to this group. Iavo 
only are included in the Indian fauna. 



184 CEKAMBYCID.E. 



Si/7ioj}sis of the Genera. 

Frout of head vertical, narrowly concave be- 
tween antenna?, latter not very widely 
separated Purpueicenus, p. 184. 

Front of head inclined, nearly flat between 

antennae, latter very widely separated . . EuRYPHAGrs, p. 187. 



Genus PUEPURICENUS. 

Purpuricenns, Latn'elle, Regne Anim. ed. 2, v, p. 114 (1829) ; Serville, 
Ami. Soc. Ent. Fr. ii, p. 568 (18.33) ; Lacorcl. Gen. CoUbpt, ix, 
p. 177 (1869). 

Cyclodera, White, StoJces's Vot/., App. i, p. 510 (1846). 

Philaoathes {Thoins.), Lacord. (in part) Gen. CoUupt. ix, p. 176 
(1869). 

Type, P. desfontainei, Fabr., a European species. 

Ranrje. Chiefly Palfearctic and Xearctic, with a few .s])ecies in 
each of the other great regions, excepting the Neotropical. 

Head more or less distinctly concave between the antenna! 
supports ; the latter acute and somewhat prominent on the inner 
side ; front vertical, transverse, post-clypeus short with thickened 
front edge, ante-clypeus (or epistome) membranous ; eyes deeply 
emarginate ; gente moderately long; mandibles short. Anteunte 
of the (5 longer than the body by from one-fourth to half or more 
than half of their length ; third joint a little longer than the fourth, 
fourth to tenth subequal in length ; eleventh appeudiculate, longer 
than the tenth, gradually attenuated towards the end ; antennae of 
2 either shorter or a little longer than the body, with the joints 
from the fifth to the tenth successively and gradually shorter, 
broader than in the S , and angulated at the apex on the anterior 
side ; eleventh very little, or not at all, longer than the tenth. 
Prothorax transverse, with a conical tubercle at the middle of each 
side. Scuteiium triangular, acute at the apex. Elytra moderately 
long, regularly convex, more or less parallel-sided, rounded at the 
apex. Eemora subclavate, the hind pair extended nearly to the 
apex of the elytra, rarely beyond it, in the c? ; tarsi more or less 
broad, the first joint in the hind pair shorter as a rule than the 
second and third united. Acetabula of the front coxa? rounded on 
the outer side, open posteriorly ; the intercoxal process vertical or 
subvertical, sometimes tuberculate, posteriorly. Intercoxal process 
of mesosternum emarginate posteriorly, usuallj' furnished with a 
small tubercle near the end. 

200. Purpuricenus sanguinolentus, OUv. (Cerambyx) Entom. iv, 
No. 67, p. 93, pi. 20, tip-. 155 (1795) ; Lacord. (Philagathes) Gen. 
ColC-opt. ix, p. 176, note 2 (1869). 

Black, with two broad, bright red, or sometimes ])ale yellow, 
bands across the elytra, one at the base, the other wholly or in its 



PUKPUEICENUS. 



185 




Fig. 7y. 
Purpurlccniis scoiguinolenttis, Oliv. 



greater part behind the middle ; these bands vary considerably in 
width ; in some specimens the black band between them is nearly 
or quite as wide as the basal band, in others it is much narrower, 

sometimes it is reduced to 
a transverse spot on each 
elytron, the red bands united 
along the sides and suture. 
Head very densely punctate. 
Anteuuce nearly twice as long 
as the body in large males, 
with the tirst joint densely 
punctulate,and marked with a 
feeble ]:)it near the base ; the 
eleventh, which has a long 
and distinct appendix, more 
than twice as long as the tenth; 
scarcely extended past the 
middle of the elytra in the 
$ , the joints from the fifth 
to the tenth successively wider 
as well as shorter, the eleventh 
barely longer than the tenth. Prothoras of the S very finely and 
very densely punctate, and opaque, but with a more coarsely 
punctured and less opaque area that forms a narrow transverse 
band at the base from which a short median lobe and two much 
longer and broader lateral Icbes are given off in front ; prothorax 
of 5 very densely and rather strongly punctured over the whole 
of the upper surface. Elytra finely and rather densely punctulate 
on the red areas, very densely and somewhat less finely punctulate 
on the black parts. Femora thickly and rather strongly punctate. 
First joint of the hind tarsi much shorter than the next two 
united. Intercoxal process of prosternum truncate or slightly 
tuberculate posteriorly, that of the mesosternum with a small 
conical tubercle. 

Lencfth 12-21 ; breadth Sg-Tj mm. 

Hah. Ceylon ; India : Trivaudrum, Madras, Poona, North 
Bengal. 

The Sunda Islands are mentioned by Lacordaire as the habitat 
of this species, but probably in error. Olivier himself did not 
know the locality from Avhich his specimen came. Of the speci- 
mens which I have seen, those from Ceylon agree best in the 
colour and extent of the elytral bands with the figure which he 
has given. 

201. Purpuricenus malaccensis, LacorJ. (Philagathes) Gen. Coleopt. 
ix, p. 176, uote 2 (1869). 
Purpiu'icenus fasciatus, Broiirjn. Nouv. Archiv. du Mus. (3) iii, 
p. 241, pi. 10, tig. 5 (1891). 

Very like P. sanguinolentus, OMv., but with the transverse bauds 
of the elytra narrower, and generally of a much paler, yellowish- 



186 CERAMBYCID.!:. 

white colour; the antennal supports more promineut on the iuuer 
side, and the first antennal joint in the male marked with a deeper 
pit or exeavation at the base. A difference also is to be observed 
in the shape and extent of the coarsely punctured ari'a on the 
prothorax of the male ; this area has no median lobe in front, but 
extends farther forwards from the base than does the corresjiond- 
ing area in P. sanguinoJentus. 

Length 12-24 ; hreadlh 3| -8 mm. 

Hah. Assam : Sylhet ; Burma : Euby Mines (Dohertg), Bhaino, 
Teinzo and Thagata (i^crt) ; Siam; Malay Peninsula; Sumatra; Java. 

202. Purpuricemis haussknechti, ll'itte, Berl. ent. Zeit. xv, p. 207 

(1^71). 
Pm-puricenus haussnechti, var. aleppeiisis, Witte, I. c. p. :?0S {S). 

d ■ Black ; prothorax \\ itli a red spot of variable size on the 
middle of the disc, sometimes also with a red spot on each side 
united by a red baud m ith the discal spot ; elytra with a broad 
red band aei'oss the middle widened from the suture towards the 
outer margin, and extended autei-iorly to a greater or less extent 
as a marginal baud. Head closely and some\Ahat roughly punc- 
tured ; the antennal supports raised and acute on the inner side. 
AntennjB longer than the body, with the last joint longer than the 
penultimate aud tapered to\Aards the end. Prothorax closely, 
strongly, and roughly punctate above, as closely but less strongly 
punctured at the sides and beneath ; \\ith a small post-median 
tubercle on the disc, and a short post-median tubercle on each side. 
Elytra very closely punctured, the punctures gradually smaller as 
they recede from the base. 

2 . Prothorax red above, with the front and hind borders nar- 
rowly black. Antenna? not longer than the body. 

Length 12-23 ; breadth 4-7 mm. 

Mab. Kashmir ; Punjab ; Turkestan. 

203. Purpiiriceims inontaniis, IJltite, Cat. Col. B. 3/., Lomjk. p. 138 

(ltio.3) : /(/. 1\ Z. S. 1850, pi. 8. 

Eelatively long and narrow for this genus ; variable in colour, 
sometimes entirely black, most commonly black with the outer 
borders of the elytra to a greater or less extent red ; in some 
specimens the elytra are red with a broad black band along the 
middle of each, and the prothorax is marked with a red spot or 
band on each side in front of the lateral spine. Head, prothorax, 
and elytra densely rugose-punctate; the ])rothorax sometimes with 
a small smooth narrow callosity in the middle. Antennaj twice or 
nearly twice as long as the body in the 6 , shorter than the body 
in the § . Prothorax with a small acute tubercle on each side. 
Elytra long, parallel-sided, rounded at the apex. Pemora sub- 
linear, very slightly thickened in the middle ; first joint of hind 
tarsus shorter than the next two joints united. 

Length 11-16 ; breadth 3-4^ mm. 

Ilab. West Kashmir ; Campbellpore ; Himalayas ; Tibet. 



EURTPHAGUS. 181 



Genus EURYPHAGUS. 



Eurycephalufe, Be Casteln. JL'st. Xat. OA. ii, p. 430 (1840) (name 

preoccupied). 
Euryphagus, Thorns. Si/st. Ceramh. p. 190 (18G4) ; Lacord. Gen. 

Coleopt. ix, p. 174 (1809). 

Type, E. maxillosus, Oliv. 
lianfje. Oriental Eegiou. 

Sexual differences strongly marked. Male. Head very broad, 
exceeds in widtii the widest part of the prothorax ; the anteunal 
supports very widely separated and laterally prominent ; the front 
sloped gradually from the vertex, impressed along the middle, and 
marked off from the clypeus by a transverse impression ; the 
clypeus large and transverse, extended anterioi'ly some distance 
in front of the base of the mandibles, with its sides oblique ; eyes 
small, deeply and broadly emarginate ; gense long, with a crest or 
ridge at their junction with the front and cl}-peus, their lower 
front angle sharp and prominent ; mandibles long, curved, circum- 
scribing a wide semicircular space, gradually narrowed towards 
the apex, each bifid at the end. Antennas longer than the 
body ; third joint longer than the fourth ; fifth to tenth succes- 
sively and gradually shorter and narrower ; eleventh subelougate, 
gradually narrowed at the end, sparsely setose beneath ; third joint 
near the apex, and fourth to tenth along their whole length, fur- 
nished with two poriferous grooves separated by a fine carina. 
Prothorax transverse, widest across the middle and there furnished 
on each side with a small tubercle, strongly narrowed thence in 
straight or very feebly curved lines towards base and apex ; con- 
stricted and transversely grooved near the base. Scutellum in the 
form of an elongated 'triangle with acute apex. Elytra short, 
moderately convex, obtusely rounded posteriorly, the shoulders 
oblique. Eemora fusiform- clavate, the hind pair extended a little 
past the apex of the elytra ; tarsi rather short and broad, the first 
joint only a little longer than the second, even in the hind tarsus. 
Acetabula of front coxai very slightly, sometimes not at all, 
angulated on the outer side, open posteriorly ; intercoxal process 
rather broad, subvertical posteriorly, furnished with a small conical 
tubercle in front of the angle. Acetabula of middle coxaj extend 
to the epimera ; mesosternum emarginate posteriorly, with a rather 
strong conical tubercle in front of the emargination. 

Female. Head somewhat similar in structure to that of the male 
but very much smaller, with the cheeks less prominent, the man- 
dibles short and simple at the apex. Antennae shorter than the 
body, with the joints from the fourth more dilated than in the 
male, the eleventh shorter than the tenth. Legs shorter than in 
the male, the tarsi not nearly so broad. 



188 



CERAMBYCID.i:. 




Fig. 74. 
Eiiryphagus luiidii, Fab. 



2U4. EuryphagUS lundii, Fah. (Cerambvx) E)it. Syd. i, 2, p. 258, $ 

Cerauibvx uigrix^es, Ola\ Entom. iv, Ao. G/, p. 52, pi. 20, fig-. 149, $ 
(1795). 

5 . Head, prothorax above aud below and the anterior two- 
thirds of the elytra carmine-red ; scutellum, apical third of the 
elytra and body beneath, excepting the prothorax, black ; legs and 
antenna? black or dark brown, with the first antenual joint more 
or less red at the base. Head glabrous and opaque; faintly 

reticulate-punctate above. First 
joint of auteiinse densely aud very 
finely puuctulate, the others very 
faintly covered with dark pubes- 
cence. Prothorax opaque, covered 
with very fine delicate ridges which 
run together so as to form a reti- 
culation ; the disc strongly raised 
in the middle and furnished with 
three more or less glossy tubercles; 
the median tubexx-le narrow, elon- 
gate and impuQctate, the lateral 
two, which lie a little in front of 
the middle, rounded and punctate. 
Scutellum r u g u 1 o s e - p u n c ta t e . 
Elytra entirely opaque, rather densely punctate, the punctures 
visible only on the red anterior portion, not on the posterior 
black part, the latter rather densely covered with very short black 
pubescence. Mesothorax, metathorax and abdomen covered faintly 
with grey pubescence. Legs glabrous, glossy, very minutely and 
very sparsely puuctulate. 

S . Head and prothorax of a dull red, slightly purplish, colour ; 
elytra entirely fulvous-red ; scutellum black ; antenna? glossy, the 
first joint red, the rest black ; body beneath dull red, with the 
sides of the meso- and metathorax black ; femora red, except at 
ttie base ; tibise and tarsi dark brown or black. Head subnitid at 
the sides, opaque above; the clypeus and occiput rather densely 
punctate, the front almost impunctate. First antennal joint 
sparsely punctate. Prothorax very densely rugulose-punctate ; 
the disc less strongly raised than in the $ , but similarly provided 
with three subnitid tubercles, and with an obtuse, feebly elevated 
ridge behind each of the dorso-lateral tubercles. Elytra less 
closely punctured than in the $ . The male differs further from 
the female by the structural characters pointed out in the 
description of the genus. These characters, such as the great size 
of the head and mandibles, are most pronounced in large fully 
developed specimens, but are less obvious in males of minor 
development. 

Lcncjth o $ 13-22 ; hreadth o-S| mm. 

Hah. Assam ; Burma : Euby Mines (Doherti/). 

This species differs from E. mad-illosKs, Oliv., in the entirely red 



CALLICKROMIXI. 189 

prothorax in both sexes, aud in the elytra of the males, which are 
without spots posteriorly. The males appear to be much less 
numerous in collections than the females, and those described 
above are considered to belong to the species because they have 
come from the same localities as some in the same collections. 



Group CALLICHROMINI. 

Head more or less distinctly raised between the antenna? ; 
the clypeus rather large, prolonged anteriorly some distance 
beyond the base of the mandibles ; eyes finely facetted, deeply 
emarginate, the lower lobes generally large, extending to the front; 
outer lobe of maxilla) long, with brush of hairs at the end ; 
maxillary palpi usually longer than the labial. Prothorax gener- 
ally tuberculate at the sides. Scutellum usually rather large, 
triangular in form, the sides straight or slightly curved, the apex 
acute. Front coxte globular, not prominent ; their acetabula 
rounded on the outer side, closed, or very nearly closed, poste- 
riorly. Acetabula of middle coxae extended to the epimera. Legs 
long or moderately long ; their tibiae compressed. Metasternum 
provided with scent-pores. Wings with A^ein Cu 1 simple, Cu 2 
absent. Male with six visible ventral segments to the abdomen. 

This group is well represented in the African and Oriental 
Eegions, less well in Tropical America and by a few species only 
in the Holarctic and Australian Eegions. The species as a rule 
are characterized by a metallic coloration, varied in some cases by 
yellow or fulvous bands or spots on the elytra. 

Si/nojms of the Genera. 

A. Last four or five joints of antenufe narrower 
as a rule than those preceding them, some- 
times slightly thicker ; hind femora gra- 
dually thickened. 

a. Antennfe robust, as a rule not longer than 

body in cJ , usually in part yellow or 

fulvous. 

a'. Head not narrowed and elongated 

below ; antenna? much shorter than 

body in J • 

fl^. Prothorax either unarmed or feebly 

tubercrJate at sides : hind femora 

much shorter than abdomen ZoxoPXERrs, p. 190. 

b'-. Prothorax strongly tuberculate at 
sides : hind femora almost as long as 

abdomen Xikjeus, p. 193. 

b'. Head narrowed and elongated below ; 
antennse subequal in length to body 
in c? Pachytekia, p. 194. 

b. Antennae less robust, generally rather slen- 

der, longer as a rule tliau body in c?, 
usually black or metallic. 



190 cebambycid.t:. 

a'. Autemue very long in cT, tapering to- 
wards end; hind femora extended con- [p. 198. 

siderably past apex of elytra Chloridoli-m, 

b' . Antennae never much longer than body 
in (S ; hind femora rarely, and then 
only slightly, extended so as to pass 
apex of elytra in S . 
«-. Elytra dehiscent, either very short 
or else considerably narrowed pos- 
teriorly ' NOTHOPEUS, p. 202. 

b"^. Elytra normal, long. 

fl"*. "Prothorax tuberculate at the sides. 
a*. Antennal joints from 5th or Gth 
to 10th dentate or spinose at 
apex. 
a\ Hind femora not reaching to [p. 205. 

apex of elytra in (5 Apiirodisr'm, 

b\ Hind femora reaching to apex 

of elytra or slightly beyond [p. 210. 

it in J Chelidoxium, 

b*. Antennal joints not dentate at 
apex ; hind femora not reach- 
ing to apex of elytra in c? , . . . Polyzoxus, p. 213. 

6'. Prothorax unarmed at sides Ani'bis, p. 220. 

B. Last four or five joints of antennae strongly 

dilated ; hind femora subclavate Ipothalia, p. 222. 



Genus ZONOPTERUS. 

Zonopterus, Hojje, Ti-ans. Linn. Sue. xix, p. 110 (1843) ; Lacord. 
Gen. CoUopt. ix, p. 9 (1869). 

Type, Z. flavitarsis, Hope. 

Mange. ludo-Malayan Kegion. 

Head with the front and cheeks rather short, the clypeus large, 
prolonged below the base of the mandibles and membranous 
towards the eud, the inter-antenual ridge slightly concave from 
side to side. Anteuute thick, shorter than the body in both 
sexes ; joints first and third slightly augulate at the apex in front, 
fourth to tenth more distinctly angulate or sub-dentate, third 
nearly twice as long as the fourth, tifth to tenth very slightly 
diminishing in length, eleventh but slightly longer than the tenth 
and obtuse at the apex. Prothorax transverse, rounded or 
slightly protuberant at the middle of each side, constricted at the 
base. Elytra long, parallel-sided or nearly so, conjointly rounded 
at the apex. Femora rather stout, graduall}' thickened from 
before the middle to within a short distance of the apex, the 
hind pair not reaching to the apex of the elytra. First joint of 
the hind tarsus little or not longer than the next two joints 
united. Prosternum more or less strongly arched between the 
coxse, gradually expanded posteriorly and somewhat emarginate 
at the end, where it reaches almost to the spine. 



ZONOPTERUS. 



191 



205, Zonopterus flavitarsis, Hojie, Trans. Linn. Sue. xix, p. Ill 
pi. 10, tig. 7 (1843). 

Black and dull above, with t\\o yellow bands that cross the elytra, 
one about midway between the middle and the base, the other a 
very short distance behind the middle ; the first band somewhat 
narrower than the second, which is variable in width but usually 

extends to about a fifth part of the 
whole length of the elytra ; first four 
joints of the antenUcTe and the base of 
the fifth black, the rest fulvous ; legs 
black and glossy, with the tarsi testa- 
ceous yellow ; body beneath violaceous- 
or steel-blue, with the abdomen of the 
d testaceous, that of the 5 blue, 
the hind borders of the segments 
sometimes testaceous, in both covered 
with a faint silky pubescence. Head 
punctured strongly and less closely on 
the clypeus, finely and very closely on 
the front, more coarsely on the vertex. 
Antennae stout, reaching almost to the 
middle of the second elytral band in 
the 2 , beyond it in the S . Pro- 
thorax slightly protuberant at each 
side just before the middle, finely and 
very closely punctured above, with a 
short velvety pubescence which more 
densely covers two patches on the 
anterior part. Scutellum closely puuctulate, scarcely depressed in 
the middle. Elytra finely and very closely punctured, tlie punc- 
tures a little stronger and more prominent on the basal black 
band, but there and elsewhere more or less obscured by a 
covering of very short pubescence. Femora closely and distinctly 
punctured. 

Length 21-35 mm. 

Hab. Assam: Sylhet, Khasi Hills, Shillong. 




Fig. 75. 

Zon opt ems fla vita rsis, 

Hope. X 5. 



206, Zonopterus consanguineus, Ritsema, Kotes Lei/d. Mus. xi p 10 
(1889). 

Closely allied to and very like Z.Jtavitarsis, but differs as follows : 
First five or six joints of the antennae black; the anterior 
yellow band of the elytra somewhat narrower. Prothorax more 
regularly rounded at the sides. Scutellum narrower, depressed 
along the middle with the edges raised, much less densely puuc- 
tulate. Femora more finely and less closely punctured. 

The elytra in this species sometimes show a decidedly bluish 
tint, especially near the apex. 

Hah. Himalayas (?) ; Southern India : Bangalore, Malabar. 



192 CERAMBYCID.I. 

2(>7. Zouopterus vedemanni. Xonfned, Deut. ent. Zeit. xxxv, p. 275 
(1892). 

2 . Dark blue or violaeeous-blue above, somewhat glossy, neai'ly 
bare of pubescence ; \\-ith two yellow bauds that cross the elytra, 
the first nearly midway between the base and the middle, the 
second a very short distance behind the middle ; first five or six 
joints of the antennte black, the rest tawny ; body beneath steel- 
blue, glossy, very faintly pubescent ; legs black or bluish black, 
with the tarsi testaceous yellow. Puncturation of the head, pro- 
thorax, and elytra very much as in Z. Jfavitarsis, Hope, but a little 
sti'onger and more conspicuous owing to the absence of a tomeu- 
tose covering. Prothorax transverse, slightly protuberant at the 
middle of each side ; the disc with a slight transverse prominence 
on each side just in front of the basal constriction and with two 
feeble tubercles, more finely punctured than the rest of the surface, 
near the apex. Pemora finely and rather sparsely punctate, the 
hind pair reach to a little beyond the hind border of the second 
elytral band. 

Lenf/th 35-40 ; breadth 10-1 0| mm. 

Hab. Ceylon. 

In general form and structure this species comes very near 
Z. consancfiuneus, and is chiefly distinguishable from it by its 
larger size, by the upper surface \\hich is almost bare of pubescence, 
and the puncturation, which is consequently much more distinctly 
visible. The author of the species has described the prothorax as 
elongate and strongly convex, but in the female at least the width 
acro>ss the middle is a littJe greater than the median depth, and 
the disc is not more convex than in other species, rather the 
reverse. 



208. Zonopterus corbetti, sp. n. 

Dark metallic green or blue, with two broad yellow bands of 
variable width on the elytra ; legs black, with tlie tarsi testaceous; 
last five joints of the antenua3 testaceous ; the yellow elytral 
bands in some specimens coalesce at the sides and suture and are 
so much extended that the elytra may be described as yellow, with 
the apical fourth, a narrow band at the base, and a transverse 
spot just before the middle of each, dark blue ; in other specimens 
the yellow bands are not broader than the sub-median blue band 
which separates them, and become slightly narrower towards the 
suture ; the basal blue band and the sub-median band are slightl}- 
pointed posteriorly at the suture. Head closely and rather finely 
puncttired. Antennte not so thick as usual for this genus, reaching 
to a little beyond the middle of the elytra in both sexes ; joints 
fifth to tenth feebly angulate in front at the apex. Prothorax 
closely and fineh' punctured above, sparsely beneath in the $ , 
very densely beneath in the 6 • Elytra also finely and very 
closely punctured. Breast and abdomen with a fine grey 



NIR.EL'S. 193 

pubescence, with silvery reflections iu certain lights. Fifth and 
sixth abdominal segments sinuate posteriorly in the male, the 
sixth somewhat testaceous in the middle. 

Length 24 ; breadth 5| mm. 

Hah. Burma: Tharawaddy (C'or6e<<). 

209. Zonopterus di versus, sp. n. 

Dark blue, for the most part dull; elytra yellowish or testa- 
ceous, covered faintly with fulvous-red pubescence, the apical 
fourth and a spot of variable size on the disc of each before the 
middle, dark blue ; antenuse with the first five joints dark blue, 
the rest black ; body beneath dark blue, sometimes almost black, 
with a faint covering of black pubescence. Head finely rugulose- 
punctate above and on the front ; the clypeus transversely but 
somewhat irregularly rugulose. Antennae extended only a little 
past the middle of the elytra in the $ ; fourth and fifth joints 
narrower than the third, very slightly angulate at the apex ; sixth 
to tenth broader, somewhat compressed, acutely angulate at the 
apex on the anterior side. Prothorax with a short obtuse tubercle 
at the middle of each side, densely rugulose-punctate above, some- 
what transversely rugulose near the basal margin ; its length a 
little greater than its width at the base. Scutelhim subnitid. 
Hind femora moderately thickened, finely punctulate, extending 
in the S up to and in line with the front border of the dark-blue 
apical area of the elytra. First joint of hind tarsus longer than 
the next two joints united. Intercoxal process of prosternum 
testaceous posteriorly, emarginate at the end, not reaching to the 
epimera ; the acetabula distinctly open posteriorly. 

Length 21-22 ; breadth 5 mm. 

Hub. Ceylon. 



Genus NIR^US. 

Nirseus, Newman, Mag. Nat. Hist. iv,p. 194 (1840). 
Euchroa, Guer. iJeless. Soiiv. d'un Vcy. \\, p. 56 (1843). 

Type, N. tricolor, Newm. 

liaiuge. That of the type species. 

Tliough not considered distinct by Lacordaire, this genus 
differs from Pachi/teria, Serv., by well-marked structural characters. 
The head is rather broad, and not narrowed and elongated 
in front ; the clypeus is short, with a slight projection at the 
middle of its front margin; the membranous epistome rather 
broad and the labrum small ; the mandibles are robust in the male, 
and differ in shape from those of Pachgteria — the outer border 
of each forms an almost continuous curve and each is armed 
with a strong tooth on the inner side. The antennae are very 
thick like those of Pachyteria but much shorter, those of the male 
not extending past the middle of the elytra ; they are gradually 

VOL, I. O 



194 CEK.vMByciu.i;. 

narrowed from the fourth joint up to the apex. The acetabula of 
the front coxae are open posteriorly. 

210. Niraeus tricolor, Ncmnan, Mag. Kat. Hist, iv, p. 194 (1840). 

Eticliroa climidiata, Guer. Deless. Sonv. d'lin Voy. ii, p. 57, pi. 14, 
iig. 1 (1843). 

Head above and more or less in front, prothorax, and a broad 
band passing along the side of each elytron for a short distance 
from the base and then turned towards the suture, testaceous 
red ; this band subiiitid, strongly and densely jjunctured ; the 
rest of the elytra bluish black, densely and finely punctulate, 
covered with dark tomentum ; antennae bluish black, with joints 
third to sixth pale yellow, subnitid ; breast and abdomen steel- 
blue ; legs dark blue. Head densely and rather strongly 
punctured, impressed with u median line which does not 
extend on to the vertex or clypeus ; a transverse line separates 
the front and clypeus, the latter inclined forwards at an angle 
with the front. Prothoi'ax densely punctured, its front margin 
rounded in the middle, the anterior and posterior transverse 
grooves rather shallow, the disc slightly raised on each side just 
in front of the posterior groove. Elytra gradually narrowed pos- 
teriorly, rounded at the apex. Body beneath faintly covered 
with silky greyish pubescence. Femora densely punctured, the 
punctures unequal in size ; hind femora not reaching quite to the 
apex of the elytra in the male. Fiftli ventral segment of male 
sinuate at the apex, the sixth slightly notched at the apex, 
impressed with a line along the middle. 

Length 27-32 ; breadth 8-9 ram. 

Hab. Tenasserim ; Penang (?). 

Genus PACHYTERIA. 

Pachvteria, Serville, Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. ii, p. 553 (1833) ; Lacord. 
Gen. Coleopt. \x, p. 10 (1869). 

Type, P. fasciata, Pab. 

Bcau/e. Oriental Region. 

Head nai-rowed and more or less elongated below the eyes ; 
raised so as to form a ridge, concave from side to side, between 
the autennte ; front oblique, the clypeus prolonged in front, ends 
in a narrow membranous epistome ; mandibles narrowed down- 
w^ards, obliquely inclined towards one another and abruptly 
incurved at the apex. Antennae thick, about equal in length to 
the body in the cT ? shorter in the 5 ; first joint more or less 
angulate in front at the apex, third much longer than the 
fourth ; fifth to tenth successively shorter, each carinate in front 
and angulate at the apex ; eleventh appendiculate, longer thau the 
tenth. Prothorax constricted and transversely grooved near base 
and apex, dilated in the middle, and usually tuberculate at each 
side. Scvttellum triangular, with the apex acute and more or less 



PAClIYTElilA. 195 

proloiifjed. Elytra somewhat rounded at the slioulders, narrowed 
more or less strongly posteriorly, often obtusely rounded, some- 
times truncate or emarginate at the apex. Legs rather long ; the 
hind femora gradually thickened, reaching up to or beyond the 
apex of tlie elytra in the d ; hind tibite compressed, gradually 
Avidened towards the apex. Intercoxal process of prosternum 
strongly arched in the middle, reaches almost to a level witli the 
coxie, and is dilated posteriorly so as to meet the epimera ; that 
of the mesosternum broader and subhorizontal, slightly inclined 
in front. Abdomen of 6 with six ventral segments visible, the 
last two more or less minutely emarginate posteriorly ; that of 
the 2 with five, the last one either rounded and entire or only 
feebly sinuate at the apex. 

211. Pachyteria superba, Gestro, Anii. Mus. Civ. Genova, xxvi, 
p. 128 (1888). 

Head, prothorax and scutellum violaceous and glossy ; antennae 
violaceous and glossy at the base, but somewhat black and opaque 
towards the apex ; elytra pale yellow, with a somewhat velvety 
and opaque transverse band of a dark violaceous colour that 
extends for rather less than one-fourth of their length from the 
base, and a similar band that extends for about one-third of their 
length from the apex ; the basal band with a somewhat sinuate 
hind margin, the apical band slightly angulate in the middle in 
front : body beneath of a line violaceous-blue colour, with a 
delicate covering of silky grey pubescence ; legs violaceous blue. 
Head punctulate and rugulose, its inter-antennary ridge strongly 
concave with the lateral angles prominent and acute. Prothorax 
rugose, marked with a strong transverse groove near the apex and 
another near the base ; the disc with two ill-defined rounded areas 
of dai-ker colour than the rest, and covered with short velvety 
pubescence. Elytra somewhat narrower at the base and more 
parallel-sided than in other species ; the surface very finely and 
closely punctulate ; each showing slight traces of three longi- 
tudinal costa). 

Lem/th 35 mm. 

Bab. Upper Burma : Bhamo {Fca). 

212. Pachyteria fasciata. Fab. (Cerambvx) Syst. Ent. p. 168 (1775) ; 
Oliv. (C'eiambvx) Ent. iv, no. 67,' p. 19, pi. 1, fig. 4 (1795) ; 
Eitseiua, Notes Lei/d. Mus. xii, p. 164 (1890). 
Pachyteria voluptuosa, Thorns. Si/st. Cerami. p. oG8 (1865). 

Dark metaUic blue; with the last five joints of the antenna 
(except at the apex of the last one) and a broad band that crosses 
the elytra just before the middle yellow^; this yellow band nitid 
and rather strongly but not closely punctured, its front margin 
on each side slightly oblique and its hind margin sinuate, the 
band widest at the suture. Head distinct and rather closelv 

o2 



196 



CERAMBYCID.'E. 




punctate, impressed with a median line that extends from the 

vertex to the clypeal front margin. Antennae of c5' almost as 

long as the body ; first joint 
glabrons and closely punctured ; 
the others closely and minutely 
punctulate, moi-e or less densely 
covered with very short pubes- 
cence. Prothorax transverse, 
with a strong conical tubercle 
on each side, a deep transverse 
groove in front and two shallower 
grooves near the base ; the disc 
and sides distinctly, but rather 
sparsely, punctured. El3'tra 
densely and minutely punctulate, 
and covered slightly with short 
dark tomentum, except on the 
yellow band, where each of the 
punctures carries a short de- 
cumbent pale seta ; each elytron 
narrowly subtruncate, or almost 
rounded, at the apex, sometimes 
very feebly emarginate. Breast 
and abdomen sparsely punctate, 

very faintly pubescent at the sides. Hind femora extending to 

the apex of the elytra in the 6 • 
Length 24-29; ireadth 7-S| mm. 
Bah. Himalayas ; Eanchi ; Chutia Nagpur ; Tranquebar ; 

Ceylon ; Siam. 

213. Pachyteria calumniata, rdtsema, Notes Leyd. Mus. xii, p. 166 
(1890). 
Pachyteria fasciata, Thorns, {nee Fab.) Syst. Ceramb. p. 176 (1864). 

Very like P. fasciata. Fab., but of a darker blue, almost black, 
colour ; the transverse yellow band of the elytra narrower, more 
finely and much more closely punctulate, and its front and hind 
margins usually almost parallel ; the median impressed line of 
the head not extended on to the clypeus, the latter with a raised 
line or carina along the middle ; the apex of each elytron 
rounded ; the metasternum and the sides of the abdomen covered 
with a dense silvery grey pubescence. 

Length 24-29 ; breadth 7-8| mm. 

Hab. Southern India : IVilgiri Hills ; Tranquebar ; Java. 



Fig. 76. 



-Pcwhyteria fascUtia, Fab. 
X i. 



214. Pachyteria dimidiata, Westtc. Cab. Or. 
fig. 8 (1848). 



Etitom. p. 60, pi. 29, 



Black above, slightly tinged on the posterior half of the elytra 
with dark blue or green ; underside and legs dark blue ; last six 
joints of the antennae, and a broad band that crosses the elyti'a 



PACHYTERIA. 197 

before the middle, pale yellow ; the antennal joints dull ; the 
elytral baud glossy, strongly and rather closely punctured, its 
hind margin straight, and its front margin somewhat oblique 
near the suture and sinuate towards the side, on each elytron. 
Head impressed with a median line or groove which does not 
extend on to the clypeus, but ends anteriorly at the transverse 
line that separates the clypeus and front : clypeus rather sparsely 
and some\\hat unevenly punctured, sometimes with a slightly 
raised smooth median line ; front densely and minutely punctu- 
late ; vertex somewhat coarsely punctate, especially around the 
eyes. Prothorax \\ith a narrow smooth band along the middle, 
the disc external to this band finely and rather densely punctate. 
Elytra minutely and very densely punctulate on the dark parts, 
and there also faintly covered with dark tonientum ; apex of each 
distinctly eiuarginate, with the outer angle more promiuent than 
the sutural one. Body beneath almost bare of pubescence, a faint 
greyish pubescence only covers the sides of the hind breast. 
Metasternum and abdomen sparsely punctate ; the femora more 
densely but somewhat unevenly punctured. Antennae of male 
about equal in length to the body ; those of the female not 
much shorter ; first joint densely punctured. 

Length 25-29 mm. 

Hah. Assam. 



215. Pachyteria chrysogaster, Ritsema (Callichroma), JS'otes Leyd 
Mus. X, p. 195 (18^8) ; id. idem, xi, pi. 10, fig. 4 (1889). 

Dark blue, sometimes almost black, tinged in places with green 
or violet ; antennre and legs ferruginous red ; abdomen testaceous, 
with the frout half of the first segment, and frequently a trans- 
verse band at the front border of each of the next three segments, 
blue or violet, and, like the meso- and metasternum, pronotum, 
scutellum and elytra, covered with short black pubescence ; the 
whole of the underside covered with short golden coloured 
pubescence. Head almost entirely glabrous ; densely punctate 
and somewhat rugulose in front, more coarsely punctured on the 
vertex ; mandibles less elongate than is usual in the genus. 
Antennae almost equal in length to the body in the S , shorter in 
the $ ; first joint .sharply angulate but not dentate at the apex. 
Prothorax slightly longer than its width across the base, acutely 
tuberculate at the middle of each side, very densely punctulate 
and opaque above, with a smooth line, impressed in its anterior 
half, along the middle of the disc. Scutellum triangular, pubes- 
cent, with a smooth line along the middle. Elytra gradually 
narrowed backwards, but «ith the sides slightly sinuate instead 
of straight, separately rounded at the apex ; the surface opaque 
owing to the dense puncturation and pubescence, except at the 
sutural edge and along one or two feebly raised lines on the disc 
of each. Body beneath almost impunctate. Front and middle 
femora rather strongly, and the hind femora more finely. 



198 CEEAilBYCIB-l:. 

punctate ; the latter extending to the apex of the elytra in the 
male, rif'tli and sixth abdoniiual segments of the cS broadly 
emarginate at the apex. Intercoxal process of prosternum less 
strongly arched and not attaining to a level with the coxae. 

Levgth 19-2G ; hrei'dth 5-74 mm. 

Hah. Ceylon. 

Kitsema, while placing this species provisionally in CalUchroma, 
considered that it ought perhaps to be made the type of a new 
genus. But I see no necessity for this, since the species, except 
for its slightly shorter mandibles and less strongly arched 
prosternum, possesses all the chief characters of Pacliyteria. 



Genus CHLORIDOLUM:. 

Chloridolum, Thorns. Si/st. Ceranth. p. 174 (1864) ; Laconl. Gen. 
CoUopt. ix, p. IS (1869). 

Type, C. hknttatum, White. 

Range. Oriental Eegion, extending to N. China and Japan, and 
through the Malay Archipelago to jS". Australia. 

Head raised hetween the antennte so as to foi'm an obtuse I'idge, 
which is concave from side to side and sharply pointed at each 
end ; mandibles moderately long, abruptly turned in at the end, 
furnished each with a tooth on the inner margin between the 
middle and the apex. Antennas about twice as long as the body 
in the c? , a little longer than the body in the $ ; first joint 
dentate anteriorly at the apex ; third very little or iiot at all 
longer than the fourth, subequal to or slightly shorter than the 
fifth; eleventh in the S much longer than the tenth, subequal to 
it in the $ . Prothorax with an acute conical tubercle or spine 
at the middle of each side. Elytra long, more or less tapering 
posteriorly, narrowly rounded at the apex. Hind legs much 
longer than the middle or front legs ; their femora more gradually 
thickened, and extended some distance beyond the apex of the 
elytra. First joint of the hind tarsus almost as long as the 
remaining joints united. Intercoxal process of prosternum 
strongly arched, reaching in the middle almost to a level with the 
coxae ; dilated at the hind end, but without reaching to the 
epimera. 

2\b. Chloridolum hivittatum, White (Callichroma), Cat. Coleojit. 
B. M., Lomjic. p. 102 (1853). 

Metallic green or blue ; the legs and antennas violaceous blue : 
prothorax with a densely and finely punctulale area faintly covered 
with black pubescence on each side of the middle of the disc ; 
elytra each with a broad band along the middle of the disc densely 
covered with short black tomentum ; the side densely ]iunctulate, 
a little less finely in front and very finely posteriorly ; the narrow 
band between the suture and the black medio-dorsal band rugulose, 



CIILORIDOLUM. 199 

glabrous and subnitid. Head puiictulate densely above and very 
spai'sely or not at all in front. Antenntc about twice as long as 
the body in the <^ , one-fourth longer than the body in the $ ; 
iirst joint strongly but rather sparsely punctured, subsulcate along 
its front face, and produced in a sharp angle or tooth at the apex. 
Prothorax with a strong sharp tubercle at the middle of each side, 
and an obtuse transversely elongated tubercle near the front 
margin ; the upperside transversely striated except over the 
middle cf the disc; the disc slightly raised, and tuberculate on 
each side, just in front of the basal constriction. Scutellum 
smooth near tlie base and impressed with a median groove ; more 
or less riigulose posteriorly. Body beneath green ; the hind 
breast sparsely pubescent ; the abdomen glabrous, very glossy 
and with a slightly brassy tint. Hind femora of the t? extending 
well beyond tlie apex of the elytra ; first joint of the hind tarsi 
about equal in length to the remaining joints united. 

Len;/th '25-3S ; breadth 6^-9^ mm," 

JIah. Bhutan ; Assam ; Manipur. 

217. Chloridolum trogoninum, Pascoe I'Callichroma), Tmns. Ent. Soc 

(2) v, p. i>4 (18o9j. 

Metallic green, with the legs and antennae very dark blue, the 
latter covered except near the base with a faint black pubescence ; 
prothorax with two patches on the disc, and the elytra each with 
a broad sub-sutural band, covered with short black tomentum. 
Head punctured closely on top, rather sparsely in front, impressed 
with a median line that extends from the clypeus to the vertex. 
Antennse of d' longer than twice the body ; first joint closely 
punctate ; third barely longer than the fourth and not quite as 
long as the fifth. Prothorax transversely plicate and glossy, 
except on the disc between the anterior and posterior transverse 
groove ; this central area has a dull granulated appearance, but 
bears sometimes a smooth glossy line or band along the middle. 
Scutellum smooth and shining. Elytra m ith a short sutural band 
behind the scutellum, and a band, somewhat brassy in colour, that 
begins at the shoulder and runs backwards along the middle of 
each elytron, distinctly and ratlKsr closely punctate, and glossy; the 
rest of the surface very finely granulated and dull. Body beneath, 
except the prothorax, faintly covered with a greyish pubescence 
which gives silvery reflections in certain lights. Femora closely 
punctulate, the hind pair very closely and more finely than the 
others ; tarsi brownish black. 

Lenr/th 18-31; breadth o-S mm. 

IJab. Ceylon. 

218. Chloridolum alcmene, Thorns. Si/st. Cerumb. p. .568 (1865). 

Metallic green ; the legs and antennas dark blue, passing into 
bluish-black or black towards the extremities; prothorax with a 
closely rugulose-pnnctured area, more or less covered with black 



200 cerambtcidtE. 

pubescence, on each side of the middle of the disc ; the elytra 
with a rather faint covering of short black pubescence, except 
along each side of the suture for a short distance from the base, 
and sometimes also along a narrow dorso-lateral band that runs 
back from each shoulder. Head densely rugulose-puiictate pos- 
teriorly, transversely striated at the sides, and sparsely punctate 
and subrugose on the front and between the antennas. Prot borax 
with a sharp tubercle at the middle of each side, and a narrow, 
obtuse, trans\erse tubercle near the front margin : the upperside 
transversely striated in front and at the base, and also, but in 
somewhat curving lines, at the sides of the disc ; longitudinally 
rugulose along the middle of the disc between the pubescent 
areas. 

From C. trigoninum, Pasc, to which it is very closely allied^ 
this species differs by the less distinct subglabrous band that 
extends along the outer part of the disc of each elytron : this band 
does not differ in colour from the colour of the rest of the elytra 
although, being less pubescent, it is somewhat glossier. 

Length 20-36 ; breadth 4|-8 mm. 

Hab. Assam ; Andaman Is. ; Burma : Karenee (Fea), Euby 
Mines (Dolierty). 

210. Chloridolum cinnyris, ra^coc, P. Z. S. 18G0, p. ,518 ; id. Trans. 
But. Soc. (.3) iii, p. 587 (1809). 

Metallic green; the prothorax with a dull, granular, velvety 
patch on each side of the middle of the disc, and a much smaller 
similar patch near the front margin ; the elytra with the sides and 
a very narrow sutural band dark blue, the intervening space forms 
on each a broad green band which is very closely rugulose- 
punctate and dull. Head finely and somewhat longitudinallv 
striate on the upper part of the front, the lower part smooth and 
not distinctly marked off from the clypeus, the posterior part of 
the head closely and finely subrugulose-])unctate. Antennae 
bluish black, one-third longer than the body in the 5 and more 
than twice as long as the body in the c? • Prothorax somewhat 
rounded at the middle of each side, and armed there with a short 
sharp tubercle; narrowed and constricted near base and apex; 
the upperside more or less regularly striated in a transverse 
direction at the sides, across the base, and on the anterior part of 
the disc ; longitudinally or somewhat irregularly striated along 
the middle between the two velvety patches. Body beneath 
green, with a faint covering of silver-grey pubescence. Pro- 
sternum of (S. with a closely and finely punctured subopaque area 
that crosses it in front of the coxae. Hind femora of J extend 
by about one-third of their length past the apex of the elytra. 
Pirst joint of hind tarsi nearly one-third longer than the remaining 
joints united. 

Loujth 11-10 ; breadth 2-3 mm. 

Hab. Burma ; Penang ; Java ; Borneo. 



CnLOBIBOLUM. 



201 



220. Chloridolum nymplia, mite (CalUchroma), Cat. Coleopt. B. M., 
LoiKjic. p. 101 (1853). 

Metallic green, with the femora purplisli red the tibiae steel- 
^ blue, the tarsi bluish black, the 

antenna) steel-blue, the breast 
and abdomen brassy green with 
a faint covering of golden- 
yellow pubescence. Head nitid, 
sparsely and finely punctate on 
the front, transversely striated 
at the sides and rugulose-punc- 
tate on the crown. Antennae 
of 6 twice as long as the 
body ; first joint strongly and 
rather closely punctured,marlved 
with a groove along the front, 
face and produced in a sharp 
angle or spine at the apex ; 
fourth joint shorter than the 
fifth, about equal in length to 
the second and third united. 
Prothorax with a strong conical 
tubercle at the middle of each 
side, and a short obtuse tubercle 
near to the front margin ; 
transversely and rather strongly 
striated and nitid all over the 
upperside, furnished with two 
feeble tubercles just behind the 
anterior transverse groove, and 
\\\o more distinct and more 
widely separated, in front of the 
posterior groove. Scutellum 
ghibrous. Elytra very closely 
pnnctured and dull, with a finely shagreened appearance. Temora 
of the hind legs extend well beyond the apex of the elytra ; first 
joint of hind tarsus longer than the remainnig joints united. 
Lenqth 30-39 ; hveadth 6|-9 mm. 
Hah. Sikhim: Darjeeling, Mungphu ; Manipur (Z^o/(e>-///). 

221. Chloridolum perlaetum. White (Callicliroma), Cat. Coleopt. 
B. M., Lomjic. p. Uil (1853). 
Metallic green, the head and prothorax glossy, the elytra dull ; 
autennffi dark blue or violaceous ; femora red, with the tips of the 
two anterior pairs and the distal third or so of the hind pair dark 
blue or violaceous lilce the tibiae; body beneath glossy green, witli 
a faint covering of srey pubescence which gives silvery reflections 
in certain lights. Head minutely and rather sparsely punctured 




Pig. 



7. — ChUindulnm oiymphd, 
Wliite, J. X B. 



202 CEEAMBTCID.E. 

in front, densely above ; impressed with a median line along the 
front : transversely striate at the sides behind the eyes. Antennae 
less than twice the length of the body in the 6 ; first joint densely 
punctulate, marked with a narrow longitudinal groove in front ; 
third joint in its distal half and the succeeding joints along their 
whole length sulcate in front. Prothoras longer than broad, evenly 
convex above and transversely striated over its \\hole upper 
surface ; the stria3 slightly sinuous in parts, those which lie on the 
anterior half of the disc interrupted at the middle, the others 
continued right across. Elytra finely and very densely punctulate, 
faintly covered with very short dark pubescence. Eemora densely 
and very finely punctulate. Tarsi blackish brown ; first joint 
of hind tarsus as long as the remaining joints united. 

Lcncjth 21-25 mm. 

Hah. Assam ; Tenasserim. 



Genus NOTHOPEUS. 

Cololju?, ServiUe (nee Illi'f/.), Ami. S'oc. Ent. Fr. ii, p. 554 (1833). 
Kothopeus, Paseoe, Journ. Entom. ii, p. 287 (18G4). 
ColoborLombus, Thorns. Si/d, Cercnnb. p. 48(5 (1865). 

Type, N. heviij^tenis, Oliv. 

Range. Oriental Region. 

Head raised between the antenna so as to form a short ridge 
concave from side to side and impressed with a line along the 
middle : front not clearly marked off from the clypeus ; the latter 
prolonged anteriorly beyond the base of the mandibles, slightly 
membranous at its front edge; genoe moderately long. Antennae 
nearly as long as the body in. the S , much shorter in the $ ; 
first joint sharply angulate in front at the apex ; third joint the 
longest, fourth to tenth gradually shorter, each angulate or sub- 
dentate in front at the apex ; eleventh a little longer than the 
tenth. Prothorax transverse, tuberculate at each side, narrowed 
posteriorly the tubercles, constricted and transversely depressed at 
the base, marked above with a transverse groove near the apex. 
Elytra approximate at the suture for not more than half their 
length, dehiscent and narro\\ed posteriorly ; as a rule very short, 
not extended beyond the middle of the first abdominal segment, 
but in one species they reach to the apex of the abdomen, in this 
species each elytron is rounded at the apex, in others each is more 
or less acutely pointed at the apex. Front and middle legs of 
moderate length ; the hind legs long, with the tibice compressed 
(in one species subcylindrical), widest in the middle and narrowed 
towards each end. First joint of hind tarsus nearly or quite 
as long as the remaining joints united. Intercoxal process of 
prosternum rather narrow in the middle, and not strongly 
nrched. 



NOTHOPEUS. 



203 



222. Nothopeus hemipterus, OUv. (Cerambvx) Entom. i\, no. 67, 
p. ]i'7, pi. L';}, fig. ISl (179--)) : Fab. (Steiiocorus) Syst. Eleiith. ii, 
p. 310 (1801); Scrv. (Colobus) Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. ii, p. 555 
(1833). 

Black, more or less tinged ^^■itb violaceous or dark blue ; vertex 
of bead, ])rothorax and elytra covered with black tomeutum, wbich 
is denser and somewhat velvety in appearance on the ])ronotum ; 
Mings somewhat A'ai'iable in colour, in some specimens dark brown 
passing into dull tawny towards the 
edges, in others entirely violaceous blue ; 
body beneath rather faintly covered 
with pubescence which for the most 
part is blackish, but on the sides of the 
posterior half of the first abdominal 
segment has a silvery grey lustre. 
AntenniE about equal in length to the 
body in the S , reaching but little past 
the apices of the elytra in the 5 . Fro- 
thgrax armed with a small conical 
tubercle just before the middle of each 
side, narrowed posteriorly the lateral 
tubercles, constricted and transversely 
depressed at the base ; the disc a little 
protuberant on each side just in front 
of the basal depression. Elytra ex- 
tended a little beyond the hind coxoe in 
the 5 , and not beyond them in the (5 , 
approximate at the suture for less than half their length, then 
strongly deiiiscent, each in its posterior half so as to form a 
triangle with its inner side strongly oblique and its outer side 
nearly straight, the apex acute in the 5 , slightly obtuse in the (S . 
Hind tibias strougly compressed, widest about the middle, narrowed 
slif^htly towards the apex and more strongly towards the base ; 
first joint of the hind tarsus as long as the remaining joints 
united. 

Length 22-30 ; breadth 5-8 mm. 
Hah. jN^orthern India ; Burma ; Java. 




Fig. 78. — Nothopeus 
hemipterus, Oliv., $ , 



223. Nothopeus fulvus, Bates (Culobus), Cist. Entom. ii, u. :]'J.j 
(1879). 

Head, prothorax, elytra, wings, antennae and legs fulvous ; 
vertex of head, prothorax and elytra covered with dense golden 
pubescence ; body beneath dark brown more or less strongly 
tinged with steel-blue to a variable extent, this dark colour limited 
in some specimens to the anterior half of each of the abdominal 
segments, while in others it extends to almost the whole of the 
ventral surface of the body and to the dorsal surface of the 
abdomen, as A^ell ; the hind femora also .sometimes touched with 
dark blue near the base. Head glabrous and more or less punctate 



20 i CEEAMBTCID.'B. 

in front. Antennae almost as long as the body in the d" , much 
shoi-ter in the $ ; first joint acutely angular in front at the apex, 
third to tenth dentate at the apex. Disc of prothorax protuberant 
on each side just in fi-ont of the basal depression, and subsulcate 
along the middle near the base. Elytra extending a little beyond 
the hind coxae in the $ , and not beyond them in the J ; 
approximate at the suture for nearly haU' their length, and then 
strongly dehiscent, the posterior half of each formed into a triangle 
more sharply pointed at the apex in the male than in the female. 
Body beneath faintly covered with silky pubescence x^hich has for 
the most part a golden tint, but on the sides of the posterior 
border of the first abdominal segment in the male shows a silvery 
lustre. Legs thinly pubescent ; the liind femora slightly com- 
pressed ; the first joint of the hind tarsi almost as long as 
the remaining joints united.* 

Lewith 32-35 ; breadth ^^ mm. 

Hah. Sikhim : Mungphu (AtMnson); Assam: Svlhet, Khasi 
Hills, 

224. Nothopeus tibialis, Ritsema (Aphrodisium), Notes Leijd Mus. 
xvi, p. 15!) (18y5_). 

Of a pale fulvous-brown colour, with the tips of the mandibles, 
the apical four joints of the antennae, the anterior and posterior 
margins of the prothorax, the margins of the scutellum and of the 
metasternum, and the base of the ventral segments of the abdomen 
black ; covered with short pubescence which on the prouoturn, 
scutellum and elytra is somewhat velvety in appearance. An- 
tenna) reach to the middle of the elytra in the § , and to a little 
beyond the base of their posterior third in the S- Prothorax 
strongly tuberculate on each side ; disc with two obsolete tubercles 
in front, two posteriorly, and a slii>ht median carina on the 
posterior half ; anterior margin somewhat rounded in the niiddle. 
Elytra extending a little beyond the apex of the abdomen, de- 
hiscing slightly from about the middle of their length, gradually 
narrowed posteriorly, each rounded at the apex and furnished 
above with two feeble costse. Hind femora do not quite reach to 
the apex of the abdomen ; hind tibiae subcylindrical, thickest near 
the middle, narrowed toxxards base and apex and xery slightly 
constricted a little before the apex. Eifth ventral segment of 



* Nothopeus cingalensis, White (Colobus), Cat. Colcopt. B. M., Lonqie. 
p. 176 (1855). 

" C. elvtn's pedibusque ferrugincis Telutinis.abclomine atro. violaceo-micante, 
alis pallide iernigiiieis apice siibuinbratis. 

'''Huh. Cejloii. From Dr. Hooker's collection. 

'• There is only a fragment of this distinct species in the Museum 
collection." 

This fragment belongs to a male specimen, but is insufBcient to enable the 
species to be identified witli certainty. It is probably the same as X. fiilvus. 
Bates. I doubt whether the locality given is correct. 



APURODISIUM. 205 

the (^ feebly sinuate at the apex, the sixth deeply emarginate at 
the apex, impressed with a line along the middle. 

Length 29-35 ; hreadth 8-8^ mm. 

Hah. Assam : Kbasi Hills. 

Genus APHRODISIUM. 

Aphrodisium, Thorns. Si/st. Ccramh. p. 173 (18G4) ; Lacord. Gen. 
CoUopt. ix, p. 11 (18G9). 

Type, A. cantori, Hope. 

Range. Oriental Region and North Ghiua. 

Head rather strongly raised and concave from side to side 
between the antenna?, impressed with a median groove ; front 
large, depressed anteriorly ; epistome membranous, distinct ; 
labrum short and transverse ; genae rather short in front but 
prolonged downwards posteriorly ; mandibles moderately long, 
obliquely inclined towards one another from the base to the 
middle and then gradually incurved. Antennae about equal in 
length to the body in the S , shorter in the $ ; fix^st joint acutely 
angulate or dentate in front at the apex ; third longer than the 
fourth ; fourth to seventh subequal, eighth to tenth gradually 
shorter ; eleventh longer than the tenth in the d ; the joints 
from the third of moderate thickness and more or less sharply 
angulate anteriorly at the apex. Prothorax with a transverse 
groove near the apex and another at the base ; sti-ongly tuber- 
culate near the middle of each side and often tuberculate on the 
disc. Scutellum triangular. Elytra from two and a half to three 
times as long as they are broad, always extended some distance 
beyond the tip of the abdomeii ; gradually narrowed posteriorly, 
rounded or subacuminate at the apex. Legs long ; the femora 
gradually thickened from the base to a little past the middle, 
the hind pair not reaching to the apex of the elytra. Intercoxal 
process of prosternum strongly arched, but not quite on a level 
with the coxae, in the middle ; slightly dilated posteriorly, almost 
or quite reaching to the epimera. Abdomen with six ventral 
segments visible in the (S , and five in the $ ; fifth and sixth 
sinuately emarginate at the apex in the S ; fifth rounded and 
entire at the apex in the $ . 

This genus is chiefly distin guished from Pachyteria, Serv., by its 
less robust antennae and relatively much longer elytra. The head 
also is shorter and less narrow in front, and the mandibles shoi'ter 
and more gradually curved towards the apex. 

225. Aphrodisium eantori, Hojye (Callichroma), Tram. Linn. Soc. 
xviii, p. 440, pi. 30, fig. 3 (1840). 

Dark metallic green ; glabrous and very glossy above ; covered 
beneath w^ith a fine silvery-grey pubescence ; antenna) dark blue 
or violet, the first joint glabrous and densely punctulate, the next 
five or six subnitid, the last four or five dull black ; legs dark blue 
or green, with the tarsi fulvous yellow. Head rather densely 



205 



CKliAMUYClD.E. 



punctate above, espeeiall}' near the thoracic margin ; slightly 
rugnlose at the sides, almost impunctate in front ; impressed with 
a median line on the front and inter-antennai-y ridge. Prothorax 
feebly and very sparsely puuctulate, slightly rounded in the middle 
of the front margin ; the anterior transverse groove strongly 
marked ; the disc somewhat raised, rather flat in the middle, with 
two obtuse tubercles in front and two sharper and more widely 
separated tubercles behind ; each side with an obtuse transversely 
elongated tubercle just behind the anterior transverse groove, in 
addition to the strong conical tubercle at the middle. Elytra 
feebly and sparsely punctulate near the base and apex ; more 
densely along the intermediate area, where also they are often 
finely rugulose or coriaceous ; each rounded at the apex. Meta- 
sternum distinctly but very sparsely punctured. Femora densely 
punctate. First joint of hind tarsus slightly compressed laterall}', 
longer than the next two united. Fifth abdominal segment of the 
male with a deep sinuate emargination at the apex ; the sixth with 
a feebler sinuate emargination. Antenuie as long ns the body in 
the male, and about one-fifth shorter in the female. 

Length 35-50 ; breadth 8-13 mm. 

Hah. Assam. 





Fig. 7^. — ApJiJ'odisinm 2>l<^<nicofIc, x. de Poll. X I- 



226. Aphrodisiuni planicolle, van 'de Poll, Kotes Leyd. Mus. xii, 
p. 155 (1890). 

Agrees entirely in coloration with A. cantori. Hope, which it 



j\rin{ODisiu:\i. 207 

also resembles in size and in many points ol:' structure, but differs 
as follows : — Head distinctly ])unctate and sometimes slightly 
rugulose in front. First joint of antenna) somewhat acutely 
angulato, but not dentate, at the apex. Prothorax without an 
anterior tubercle on each side ; the disc raised, and slightly 
flattened iji the middle but not to the same extent as in jL cantori, 
closely punctured especially to\^ards the sides ; the part adjoining 
the posterior groove obtusely rounded otf, not raised so as to form 
a sharp tubercle or ridge on each side, and the anterior part more 
feebly tuberculate than in A. cantori. Elytra narrowed each to a 
rather sharp point at the apex ; the surface finely rugulose or 
coriaceous, the sculpture somewhat coarser near the base and 
gradually finer towards the apex. 

Lcnrith 40-50 : breadth 9|-12 mm. 

Hub. Darjeeling. 

From A. cribricolh, van de Poll, with which this species agrees 
closely in structure, it is readily distinguished by the dark blue 
or green colour of the femora. 



227. Aphrodisiuni cribricolle, van de Poll, Notes Lcyd. Mas. xii. 
p. 107 (1890). 

Metallic green or blue, glabrous i\ud glossy above, covered 
beneath with a rather faint silverv gre}" pubescence ; femora 
purplish red, the hind pair tipped with green or blue at the apex ; 
tarsi fulvous yellow. Head punctate and somewhat rugulose in 
front. Antennae extended a little past the apex of the elytra in 
the (S , and not far beyond the middle of the elytra in the $ ; 
first four or five joints blue or green and subnitid, the rest dull 
black ; the first joint acutely angulate, or sub- dentate, in front at 
the apex. Prothornx ^ith a deep anterior and less strongly- 
marked posterior groove ; the disc some\^'hat raised between the 
grooves, slightly convex, with a gradual slope to the anterior and 
a short abrupt slope to the posterior groove, strongly and closely 
punctured especially towards the sides, with the interstices 
generally slightly raised ; a faint median groove on the anterior 
part. Elytra nearly three times as long as their width across the 
base, with coriaceous surface sculpture somewhat coarser near the 
base and gradually finer posteriorly ; each narrowed to a point at 
the apex. Metasternum A^ith some sparsely scattered setigerous 
punctures. Abdomen frequently testaceous on the anterior part of 
each of the three intermediate segments ; fifth segment in the male 
with a feeble sinuate emargination at the apex, the sixth with a 
narrower and deeper emargination. Femora rather densely punc- 
tate, the hind pair most so. Intercoxal process of the prosternum 
rather nai-row in the middle, and gradually dilated posteriorly 
without, however, reaching to the epimera. 

Lenr/th 3-'J-47 ; breadth 8-12 mm. 

Hab. Sikhim. 



:308 CERAMBYCID.i:. 

228. Aphrodisium hardwickianum, Whife (Callichroma), Cat. 
Coleopt. B. M., Lo)ujic. p. 102 (1853). 

Metallic green, glabrous and glossy above with a slightly brassy 
tint ; covered faintly beneath with silver-grey pubescence ; femora 
red or purplish-red ; tarsi fulvous yellow ; antennae with the first 
four or five joints green and subnitid, the rest dull black. Head 
almost im])unctate in front, and the protliorax sparsely and not 
strongly punctured above ; the species in both these respects diiiers 
from A. cribricolle, van de Poll, with which in other points of 
structure, as well as in colour, it agrees very closely. Both may 
be distinguished from A. cantorl, Hope, by the absence of an 
anterior tubercle from each side of the prothorax, by the postero- 
lateral part of the disc which is sharply ridged or tuberculated, 
and by the acuminate apices to the elytra ; the males are further 
distinguished by the rather feeble, sinuate emargination at the apex 
of the fifth abdominal segment. 

Length 30 mm. 

Jlab. Nepal. 



229. Aphrodisium neoxenum, White (Callichroma), Cat. Coleopt. 
B. 31., Longic. p. 154 (1853). 
Callichroma ioscelis, Hope (without description). Trans. Linn, Sac. 
xviii, p. 440 (1841). 

Head, prothorax and scutellum dark green and very glossy; 
elytra green with a slight bronzy tint, subnitid near the base, and 
somewhat dull posteriorly ; first four or five joints of the 
antennae blue or green and subnitid, the rest dull black; femora 
purplish red, thehind pair tipped with blue or green at the apex ; 
rarsi of the same blue or green colour as the tibiae ; body beneath 
brassy-green veiled with grey pubescence. Head feebly and very 
sparselv punctate, marked with a few transverse striae on each 
side behind the eyes. Prothorax with the front margin nearly 
straight, the anterior groove well-marked, but not extended far 
down on the sides ; the disc slightly flattened in the middle and 
there also rugulose and rather densely punctate, raised posteriorly 
so as to form an oblique ridge or tubercle on each side, and with 
also a feebler oblique ridge on each side anteriorly ; the lateral 
tubercle on each side placed slightly before the middle and not so 
strong as in the other species. Elytra rather more than three 
times as long as their width across the base, the whole surface 
with a rugulose or coriaceous sculpture, coarser near the base and 
gradually finer and closer towards the apex ; each separately and 
rather sharjjly rounded at the apex. 

Lcncfth 34-42 mm. 

Hah. Assam. 



APIIRODISIUM. 



209 



230. Aphrodisiuni robustuin, Bates (Leoutium), Cist. Ent. ii, p. 408 
(1679). 

Metallic green and somewhat nitid ; the antennte, two large 
spots on the disc of the ])rothorax, and the legs dark blue ; body 
beneath brassy-green, with a faint covering of silvery-grey pubes- 
cence. Antennae about equal in length to the body in the S , a 
little shorter in the $ ; first joint deusely punctulate, acutely 
angulate but not dentate at the apex ; third and fourth angulate, 
and the fifth to tenth produced in a spine, at the apex, on the 
anterior side, Prothorax constricted and transversely grooved 
near the base and apex ; with an obtuse transverse tubercle on 
each side between the strong median tubercle and the front 
margin ; the disc densely rugulose-punctate and rather opaque on 
each side of the middle, 'rugulose and nitid at tlie sides aud along 
the middle, somewhat raised so as to form a rather sharp ridge on 
each side posteriorly. Elytra posteriorly gradually and slightly 
narrowed, rounded *at the apex, densely, very finely rugulose- 
punctate, rugulose and nitid for about half their length along the 
suture, faintly pubescent and rather opaque along the inner half 
of the disc. Hind femora of the S not reaching to the apex of 
the elytra; those of the $ scarcely extended past the fourth 
segment of the abdomen. First joint of the hind tarsi about equal 
in length to the third aud fifth united. Sixth abdominal segment 
of the 6 rounded and entire at the apex. 

Lemjth 26-29 ; hreadth ^-^ mm. 

Hah. Sikhim : Darjeehng, Mungphu ; X.W. India. 

'>'d\. Aphrodisiuni griffithi, Hope (Callicliroma), Trans. Linn. Soc. 

xviii, p. 440, pi. 30, tig, 2 (1841). ^ -, .o- pc- 

Pacbyteria zonopteroides, Fleut. Ann. Soc. Ent. ±r. ite«/, p. Ob, 

pi. 4, fig. 0. 
Head, disc of prothorax, antennae, legs and underside reddish 
brown ; prothorax blackish brown near the front and hind margnas 
and along the lower part of each side, the whole surface dull ; 
elytra violaceous black, closely covered with short dark brown 
tomentum, which gives them a somewhat velvety appearance ; each 
marked with two fulvous bands that cross a little obliquely, one 
some distance before, the other at about an equal distance behind 
the middle, the anterior band not quite reachnig to the suture and 
a little constricted in the middle, the other reaching to the suture 
as well as to the outer margin, both bands rather densely pubes- 
cent and dull. Head densely and finely punctulate, subnitid, 
slio-htly black above between the eyes and also in the transverse 
depression at the base of the front. Antenna? of the 6 about 
four-fifths of the length of the body; first joint densely punctulate, 
strongly dentate in front at the apex. Prothorax densely rugulose- 
punct"ate and faintly pubescent ; the disc somewhat raised, with 

TOL. I. ^ 



210 CEKAMBYCID.B, 

a bisinuate posterior edge, which is raised so as to form an 
oblique tubercle near each side. Elytra somewhat less than three 
times as lou^ as their width across the base ; rouuded at the apex. 
Body beneath covered faintly with silky pubescence of a fulvous- 
brown colour. Prosternum densely puuctulate on the anterior 
part in the d ; iutercoxal process rather narrow in the middle, 
dilated posteriorly so as to meet the epimera. Eifth abdominal 
segment of the cJ deeply emarginate. 

Length 45-47; breadth 12 mm. 

Hab. Assam. 



232. Aphrodisium rubripennis, Hope (Purpuricenus), Trans. Linn. 
Soc. XIX, 2, p. 110, pi. 10, tig. 6 (184:3). 

Violaceous blue ; densely covered on the vertex of the head and 
on the pronotum with short velvety black tomentum ; elytra 
fulvous red, covered with very short pubescence of nearly the 
same colour, each marked with a more or less large violaceous- 
black spot in front of the middle ; the spot irregular in form and 
variable in size, reaches, when at its maximum, almost to the 
outer margin and to the suture as well as extends posteriorly a little 
past the middle. Head glabrous, and rather densely punctulate 
in front. Antennae extended by their last two joints past the 
apex of the elytra in the c? , shorter than the body in the 2 ; fii*st 
joint glabrous above, minutely and densely punctulate, sharply 
angulate, but not dentate, at the apex ; third joint at the apex 
and the succeeding joints entirely covered with short dull black 
pubescence. Disc of prothorax slightly depressed on each side across 
the middle, with a slight transverse ridge on each side in front, 
and a more strongly raised ridge on each side behind ; it has a 
smooth line along the middle, impressed in its anterior half and 
slightly raised and widened behind. Elytra separately and some- 
what obtusely rounded at the apex. Body beneath with a covering 
of fine silky pubescence, tawny brown in colour on the breast and 
silver-grey on the abdomen. Iutercoxal process of prosternum 
very slightly dilated posteriorly, the acetabula in consequence 
rather widely open. Femora finely and not very densely punctate. 
Fifth and sixth abdominal segments of the c? rather deeply emar- 
ginate at the apex, the sixth more narrowly and deeply so. 

Length 25-32 ; breadth 6|-8| mm. 

Bab. Assam : Sylhet, Shillong ; Manipur (Dohertif). 



Genus CHELIDONIUM. 

Chelidonium, Thomsoii, Syst. Cerumb. p. 175 (1864). 
Leontium, Lacord. {nee Thomson) Gen. CoUopt. ix, p. 19 (1869) 

Type, C. argentatiim., Dalm. 
Mange. India, China, and Burma. 



ClIULIDONIVM. 



211 



Autennfc rather slender, filiform, about equal in length to the 
body in the $ and a little longer in the J; the joints from the 
fiftli or seventh to the tenth angulate or dentate at the antero- 
distal angle, third longer than the fourth, eleventh a little longer 
than the tenth. Protliorax transverse, tuberculate at the middle 
of each side. Elytra shghtly and gradually narrowed backwards 
from the base, separately rounded at the apex. Pront and middle 
lef^s moderately long, their femora subclavate ; hind legs much 
longer, their femora gradually thickened, reaching to or beyond 
the°apex of the elytra in the 6 ; first joint of hind tarsus longer 
at least than the second and third united. 

The structural characters that distinguish this genus from 
Poh/zonus, Casteln., are slight. They consist chiefly in the 
distinctly angulated or dentate joints of the antennae and the 
somewhat longer hind femora. The species with a few excep- 
tions are destitute of yellow markings on the elytra, whereas 
in Pohjzonus nearly all the species are spotted or banded with 

yellow. . 

Lacordaire, labouring under an error m regard to the genus 
Leont'mm of Thomson, placed Chelidonium in the same genus, 
making it his section B. Leontium, Thoms., has as its type L. viride, 
Thoms., a species from Japan (since described by Bates as CJdon- 
dolum tenue), and is really very closely allied to, and scarcely- 
distinct from, Cldondolum. 



233. Chelidonium argentatum, Dalm. (Cerambyx) Schdnh. Syn. I7is., 
App. p. 151 (1817). 

Dark metallic green, and for the most part dull, above; the 
underside of a brighter, glossier green, covered with a fine silvery- 
o-rev pubescence ; legs and antennae dai'k blue or violaceous, some- 
tmies partly greeu,^ the tarsi brownish black. Head densely 
rugulose-punctate with a smooth, transverse, slightly depressed 
space between the clypeus and front ; the front with a median 
linear groove which" extends to the vertex. Antennae a little 
longer than the body in the 6 ; first joint nitid, densely punctate, 
fifth to tenth each with a sharp oblique spine at the apex on the 
anterior side ; third aid fourth angulated at the apex. Prothorax 
with a conical but rather obtusely pointed tubercle on_ each side ; 
densely punctate and somewhat rugulose above, with a more 
densely punctate and less rugulose opaque area along each side of 
the middle, the rest subnitid. Scutellum smooth and glossy. 
Elytra very densely and rather finely rugulose-punctate, and for 
the most part dull ; rather narrowly rounded at the apex. Eemora 
finely and densely punctate ; the hind pair extending a little past 
the apex of the elytra in the d • Eirst joint of hind tarsus nearly 
as long as the remaining joints united. Eifth abdominal segment 
of d with a rather deep sinuate emargination posteriorly, the 

p2 



212 CEBAMBYCID^. 

sixth less deeply emarginate ; fifth in the $ rounded aud entire 
at the apex. 

Leiujlh 20-22 ; hreadth 4|-o mm. 

Hah. Southern India : Nilgiri Hills ; Assam : Xaga Hills 
(Doherty), Khasi Hills ; Mauipur {Dolieriy) ; China, 



234. Chelidonium cinctum, (imr. (Callichroma) Icon. Ecfjne Ayiim., 
Ins. -p. 2-20 (1844). 

Structurally and in colour very like C. argentatum, Dalm., but 
differs from that species as follows : — The elytra marked each 
bet\\'een the base and the middle with a yellow band of irregular 
form, the band transverse on the inner half of the elytron and 
prolonged a little posteriorly near its outer side. Head impressed 
with a transverse line bet\^'een the front and clypeus. Pronotum 
transversely rugulose or striate at the sides ; with a median 
subnitid band which extends almost from base to apex, and is 
sparsely punctured posteriorly, nearly smooth in front ; and, at 
each side of this band, a darker area which is finelj' and somewhat 
intricately rugulose. Scutellum nitid, with the edges slightly 
raised posteriorly. Elytra rugulose anteriorly near the suture, 
elsewhere very densely punctulate ; the yellow bands clothed with 
yellowish or tawny pubescence, and with the parts borderiug on 
them blackish in coloiir. 

Length 21-2G mm. 

Hah. Southern India : Nilgiri Hills. 



235. Chelidonium sineuse, Hope (Promeces), Proc. Ent. Soc. Lond. 
1841, p. G3 ; id. Trans. Ent. Soc. iv, p. 17 (184-)) ; Gahan (Leon- 
tium), Ann. 3Ius. Civ. Genova, xxxiv, p. 17 (1894). 

Form and coloration of G. argentatum Dalm., a species with 
■which it had been for a long time confounded, but from which it 
differs as follows : — Antenna^ with joints seventh to tenth sharplv 
augulate or dentate at the apex on the anterior side, not spined 
as in argentatum ; last A'entral segment of the 2 '^^'ith a distinct 
emargination at the apex. The head is rather finely punctate on 
the front, the clypeus more coarsely punctate and somewhat 
transversely rugulose, and there is no smooth space between the 
clypeus and front. The prothorax is distinctly rugulose and glossy 
at the sides aud base and along the median line ; the dark opaque 
area along each side of the middle line is generally well-marked 
aud more distinct than it is in argentatum. The first joint of the 
hind tarsus is almost or quite as long as the remaining joints 
united. The elytra ai'e obtusely rounded at the apex. 

Length 20-27 ; hreadth 4^-0 mm. 

Hah. Sikhim : Mungphu (Atkinson) ; Manipur (Dohertij) ; 
Burma : Karenee (Fea) ; China. 



POLYZONUS. 



213 



236. Chelidouium gibbicolle, Jl'/n'te (Callicliroma), Cat.CoIeopt. B. 31., 
lonf/ic. p. 160 (18.j:3). 

Metallic green, the head and prothorax rather glossy, the elytra 
dull ; body beneath with a fine covering of silvery-grey pubescence ; 
legs dark blue ; antennae bluish-black, 
with the fix\st joint subnitid, more or less 
tinged with green. Head rugulose-punc- 
tate, marked with a sinuous transverse 
line between the clypeus and front ; the 
front with a median line that extends to 
the vertex. Antennas about equal in 
length to the body in the $ and a little 
longer than it in the c5' ; hftli <o tenth 
joints sharply angulate, or dentate, at the 
apex on the anterior side. Prothorax 
striate over the whole of the upper sur- 
face, the stria) for the most part trans- 
verse, but curved on and around the two 
rather distinct tubercles which are placed 
wide apart on the hind part of the disc ; 
front margin of the pronotum somewhat 
rounded in the middle. Scutelium nitid, 
triangular and concave. Elytra finely 
and very densely punctulate, for the 
most part dull ; somewhat nitid alongside 
the suture and along the outer half of 
the disc ; narrowly rounded at the apex. 
First joint of hind tarsi as long as the remaining joints united. 
Fifth abdominal segment truncate, the sixth emarginate, at the 
apex in the male; fifth obtusely rounded at the apex in the 
female. 

Length 22-28 ; hreadth 54-7 mm. 
Hah. Assam : Sylhet : China. 




Fig. 80. — CheUdonium 
ijihhicolk, White, c?. X ^. 



Genus POLYZONUS. 



Poh'zouus, Cmteln. Hist. Nat. CoJeopt. 
Gen. Coleopt. ix, p. 21 (1869). 



ii, p. 438 (1840) ; Lacord. 



Type, P. fasciatus, Fab., a species occurring in China and 
Siberia. 

ItaiK/e. Indo-Malayan Eegion, China and Siberia. 

Head moderately raised and feebly concave from side to side, 
between the antennae ; the frout subvertical, not distinctly marked 
off from the clypeus ; mandibles rather long, obliquely inclined 
towards one another, slightly incurved at the apex. Antennae 
only a little longer than tlie body in the d , and almost as long as it 
in the $ ; third joint much onger than the fourth ; fifth to seventh 
subequal, eighth to tenth gradually shorter ; eleventh scarcely 



214 CEEAMBYCID.ir. 

longer than the tenth in the J , obtuse at the apex : the joints 
very feebly or not at all angulate at the apex. Prothorax with a 
more or less distincr tubercle at the middle of each side. Elytra 
long, narrowed gradually and very slightly posteriorly, rounded at 
the apex ; marked in most of the species with yellow spots or 
bauds. Front and middle femora subclavate, gradually thickened 
from the base ; the hind pair longer and less thickened, do not 
reach to the apex of the elytra in the cJ . First joint of the hind 
tarsi longer than the second and third united. 

I. Elytra mavTced ivith yelloiu spots or hands. 
A. Prothorax distinclhj tuhercidate at the sides. 

237. Polyzonus saigonensis, Bates, Cist. Ent. ii, p. 413 (1879). 

Dark metallic blue ; the elytra with two very broad, transverse 
yellow bands placed, one a little before, the other just behind, 
the middle, the intervening space usually much narrower thau 
either of the bands. Head very densely rugulose-punctate and 
very slightly uitid. Antennre black, those of the S slightly longer, 
and those of the 5 slightly shorter, than the body : first joint 
stout, slightly curved, marked in front near the base with a broad 
shallow pit, the edges of wliich are slightl}' raised ; joints sixth to 
tenth feebly angulate at the apex on the anterior side and scarcely 
broader than the fifth. Prothorax distinctly longer than its width 
across the middle ; armed with a rather sharp conical tubercle at 
each side ; more or less intricately rugulose above over its whole 
surface as well as at the sides ; the disc gradually raised posteriorly, 
and the basal depression correspondingly abrupt and deep. Scu- 
tellum sulcate and smooth along the middle, very finely punctulate 
at the sides. Elytra narrowed gradually from the shoulders, 
obtusely rounded at the apex, finely and very densely punctulate, 
faintly covered \\\i\\ pubescence, for the most part opaque. Bodv 
beneath blue, covered with silvery-grey ])ubescence. Femora dark 
blue, densely punctulate; the hiud pair reach nearly to the apex 
of the elytra in both sexes. First joint of the hind tarsus slightly 
longer than the next two united. Fifth abdominal segment of the 
(S sinuate at the apex, the sixth short, and more deeply sinuate 
at the apex ; fifth segment of 5 obtuse at the apex, with a ver}'' 
feeble emargination in the middle. 

Length 18-20 ; breadth 4-5 mm. 

Hab. Burma : Paungde {Corbett}; Cochin China: Saigon ; Malay 
States : Patani. 

238. Polyzonus tetraspilotus, Hope (Cerambvx), Silbenn. Her. Eut. 

iii, p. 71, pi. .32 (1835). 
Polvzonus quadrimaculatus, White, Cat. Coleont. B. M., Longic. 
p: 170 (1853). 

Metallic green ; the elytra each with two oblique yellow spots 



POLTZONUS. 



215 



or bands, ^Ybich are bordered with violaceous black, and placed 
one at about one-fourtb from the base, the other at one-third trom 
the apex ; the anterior spot directed obliquely forwards from near 
the suture to the side, tbe posterior spot obliquely backwards trom 
near the suture to tbe outer margin. Tbe antenn|B extenaed 
past tbe apex of tbe elytra bv the last joint or two m the c? ; sixth 
{o tenth ioints sbgbtly angulated at the apex, and only very little 
broader than the preceding joints. Prothorax finely striated all 
over the upper surface and at tbe sides, except on and just 
around the short lateral tubercles ; tbe stria? transverse, those on 
tbe middle and posterior part of tbe disc curved forwards 3ust 
before they reach the middle line. Elytra finely and very densely 
ruc^ulose-punctate ; distinctly and rather strongly rugulose at the 
base around tbe scutellum and along tbe suture ; tbe yel ow bands 
covered witb a very fine tawny pubescence. Body beneatb covered 
with silvery-grev pubescence. Hind femora of the S not reaching 
to the apei of the elytra. First joint of the bind tarsi a little 
louo-er than the second and third united. Tifth abdominal segment 
truncate, and the sixth sinuately emarginate at the apex, in 

the 6 . 

Lenath 16-21 ; breadtJi 3^-5 mm. 

Hah. Madras? (Walter Elliott) ; Assam; Mann^ur (Dohertij). 

Var. megaspilus, nov. 

In the sculpture of the prothorax and in coloration very like 
tbe type, but with the yellow spots of the elytra larger and less 
oblique ; the anterior spot extends to the outer margin but, not 
quite to the suture and has its borders more or less angulated ; 
the posterior spot reaches from the outer margin to the suture, 
and thus forms a complete band across the elytron its hind 
mar<-in sinuate or oblique and its front margin angled on the 
middle oL" the disc. This variety attains to a larger size than the 
type, and seems to be limited in its range to the southern part of 

India. 

Length 18-20 ; hreadtJi 4-6^ mm. 
Hab. Mysore; Malabar; Nilgiri Hills. 

Var. microspihis, nov. 

This varietv differs from the type not only by the smaller size 
of the yellow spots on the elytra, but to some extent also m the 
sculptui4 of the prothorax. The anterior yellow spot is rounded 
or obliquely oval and about equally distant from the suture and 
the outer margin : the posterior spot is oblique, and reaches 
almost or quite to the outer margin but not to the suture irs 
inner end rounded and slightly distant^ from the suture. The 
Brothorax is regularly striate at the sides and near the front 
Clinasinthe^vpe; but on the middle of the disc_ the striaa 
are more or less "interrupted or broken, a somewhat irregularly 



216 CEBAMBYCID.i:. 

rugulose appearance replaces tlie regular radiating lines and curves 
seen in the type and in the var. megaspilus. The present variety 
was regarded by White as the tetraspilotus of Hope, and tlie true 
tetraspilotus he described as a distinct species under the name of 
quadrimaculatus. It does not differ in size from the typical 
form. 

Hah. Assam : Sylhet, Cherra Punji, Khasi Hills. 

Var. macrospilus, uov. 

Eesembles the type in form, colour and sculpture, but differs 
in that each of the four spots on the elytra is elongate-elliptical 
in form with its longer axis longitudinal, nearly equidistant from 
the suture and the outer margin, and the two posterior spots are 
more than twice as loug as they are broad. 

Hah. Burma : Kuby Mines {Doherty). 

239, Polyzonus flavocinctus. Gahcm, Ann, Mus. Civ. Genov. xxxiv, 

p. 17 (1894). 

Metallic green ; the elytra with two rather narrow, transverse, 
yellow bands placed at about one-fourth from the base and the 
other about one-third from the apex, the parts of the elytra that 
border on the bands violaceous black. In structural characters, 
and in the sculpture of the head, prothorax and elytra, it agrees 
closely with P. tetraspilotus, Hope, of which it may perhaps be 
only an extreme variety in which the spots are replaced by 
complete bands ; these bands are, however, directly transverse 
rather than oblique. From P. hizonatiis, White, \\hich it 
resembles more in the banding of the elytra, it may be readily 
distinguished by the regular radiating striae on the disc of the 
prothorax, and the glossy rugose area at the base of the elytra 
that surrounds the scutellum and extends a short \\ay back along 
the suture. 

Length 21-22 ; breadth 4^-5 mm. 

Hah. Burma : Karenee {Fea) ; Tenasserim. 

240. Polyzonus bizonatus, White, Cat. Coleopt. B. M., Longic. p. 171 

(1853). 

Metallic green ; with the antennae (the first joint of which is 
green, excepted), the tibiae and tarsi black ; elytra with two 
transverse yellow bands — one, somewhat narrower, placed a little 
before the middle, the other, broader, behind the middle ; the 
bands sometimes united by a narrow strip at the lateral margins. 
Head densely rugulose-punctate and nitid, sometimes with a brassy 
tint. Antennae slightly thickened between the middle and the 
apex, a little shorter than the body in the $ , as long as the 
body in the S ; first joint densely rugulose-punctate ; seventh 
to tenth slightly angulate anteriorly at the apex. Prothorax with 



POLTZONUS. 



217 



a distinct but rather bluut tubercle at the middle of each side ; 
closely and irregularly riigulose on the 
disc, which is more or less dull, striate 
towards the sides, the striae transverse and 
obhque ; nitid at the sides and near the 
front and hind margins. Elytra covered 
faintly, except on the yellow bands, with a 
.short black pubescence, which more or less 
obscures the green colour of the derm. 
Body beneath covered with a fine silvery- 
grev pubescence. Hind femora reaching 
nearly to the apex of the elytra in both 
sexes. First joint of the hind tarsi much 
longer than the second and third united. 
Last ventral segment of $ sinuate at the 
apex ; fifth and sixth in cJ sinuately emar- 
ginate at the apex. 

Length 16-20 ; breadth 3|-4| mm. 
Hah. Sikhim : Mungphu ; Burma : Rangoon ; Tenasserim : 

Moulmein; Siam. 




Fig. 81. 

Poh/zninis hi:o»atns, 
White. X 



241. Polyzonus brevipes, sp. n. 

MetalHc green ; the elytra with two transverse yellow bands 
placed one a little before, the other behind the middle, the 
posterior band the broader of the two. Head nitid, densely 
rugulose-pimctate. Antennae shorter than the body in both 
sexes, slightly thickened between the middle and apex; first 
three or four joints green, the rest black ; the first densely punc- 
tured ; sixth or seventh to tenth slightly produced so as to form 
an acute angle at the apex on the anterior side. Prothorax with 
a smooth, glossy obtuse tubercle at the middle of each side ; the 
disc densely rugulose-punctate, with a granulate appearance, 
sparsely covered with short black pubescence ; the sides^ less 
densely punctate and somewhat smootli in places. Elytra finely 
and very densely punctulate ; covered, except on the yellow bands, 
with a "short dark pubescence which more or less obscures the 
colour of the derm.' Body beneath covered with grey pubescence. 
Legs rather short for this genus ; the hind femora reach very 
littTe past the hind margin of the posterior yellow elytral band ; 
first joint of hind tarsi not much longer than the second and 
third united. Last ventral segment of $ obtusely rounded or 
subtruncate at the apex. 

From P. bizonatus, which it much resembles in colour and 
sculpture, this species is distinguishable by the relatively shorter 
hind femora. 

Length 17^-19; breadth 3^-4 mm. 

Hah. Sikhim : Mungphu ; Burma : Rangoon. 



218 CEBAMBYCIDvE. 

B. Protliorax ohsoletehj tv.herculate at the sides. 

242. Polyzonus olltusus, L'ates, Cist. Ent. ii, ]). 413 (1879). 

Head and prothorax dark blue or bluish-black aud slightly 
nitid ; elytra violaceous black and dull, with two broad yellow bands 
across them — one a little before, the other behiud the middle ; legs 
and antennae black ; metathorax aud abdomen, except on the last 
segment, covered with silvery-grey pubescence. Head very 
densely rugulose-punctate. Antennas a little longer than the 
body in both sexes, not appreciably thickened towards the apex ; 
first joint rather densely punctured, seventh to tenth slightly 
angulate at the apex on the anterior side. Prothorax of cJ 
without lateral tubercles, but with the pleurse bulged out at the 
sides from near the front margin to a little behind the middle ; 
the pleurae with the prosteruum thus form a continuous strongly 
couvex and very finely and densely punctulate area, sharply 
marked off at the sides from the pi'onotum ; the latter closely 
striated; the striae transverse near the front margin, which is 
slightly rounded in the middle, somewhat longitudinal, more or 
less wavy or broken on the middle of the disc, aud oblique or 
longitudinal near the sides ; prothorax of $ with a feeble, nearly 
obsolete, tubercle at the middle of each side ; the pronotum 
striated as in the J > the pleurae and prosternum transversely 
striated and not swollen. Elytra very closely and finely punctu- 
late, veiy faintly pubescent ; obtusely rounded at the apex. Hind 
femora reach nearly to the apex of the elytra in both sexes. 

Lenr/th 15-24; breadth 3-3^ mm. 

Hal). Burma: Rangoon; Teaasserim ; Cambodia (^lo^ihot) ; 
Saigon. 

243. Polyzonus watsoni, sp. n. 

(S . Metallic green; head, prothorax and scutellum nitid; 
elytra marked each with two rather large fulvous spots, one at 
somewhat less than one-third from the base, the other at about 
one-third from the apex ; the anterior spot oval in shape, nearer 
to the suture than to the outer margin; the posterior spot more 
irregular in shape, extends as close to the outer margin as to 
the suture ; the shoulders and a narrow sutural band nitid, the 
rest of the surface subnitid, in parts somewhat dull. Head 
densely rugulose-punctate above ; the front finely and rather 
densely punctulate, marked with a median groove ; the clypeus 
sparsely punctulate, transversely impressed below, marked off from 
the front by an arcuate groove. Antt>nnae reach only to the 
apical foui'th of the elytra ; bluish black, the first pint green, 
densely punctate ; sixth to tenth acutely angulate or subdentate 
anteriorly at the apex. Prothorax swollen in the anterior half at 



POLYZONUS. 219 

eacli side, with a very small obtuse tubercle at the middle ; traus- 
versely, but somewhat irregularly, rugulose above, iu part rugulose- 
punctate ; the prosteruum convex, very densely ancl rather finely 
rugulose-punctate. Scutellum rugulose. Elytra densely and very 
finely punctulate ; the shoulders less densely punctulate, the 
sutural nitid band subrugulose. Body beneath, the prosternum 
excepted, covered witii silvery-grey pubescence. Femora glabrous, 
uitid, very densely punctured ; the hind pair reach nearly, but 
not quite, to the apex of the elytra. First joint of the hind 
tarsus distinctly longer than the next t^^"o joints united. Fifth 
abdominal segment arcuately emarginate at the apex, the sixth 
feebly emarginate, almost truncate, at the apex. 

Lenglh 26-27; breadih 7 mm. 

Hah. Upper Burma : North Chin Hills {Capt. Watson). 



II. Ehjtra iv'ithout yelloiv spots or hands. 
2-44. Polyzonus prasinus. White (Promeces), Cat. Coli'opt. B. M., 

Longic. p. 170 (18oo). 
Chelidonium jjolyzonoides, Thorns. Si/st. Ceramb. p. 568 (18Go). 

Dark metallic green or blue above and for the most part rather 
dull ; underside bright green with a covering of fine silvery-grey 
pubescence ; legs dark blue, subnitid ; antennae with the first 
joint green, subnitid, the intermediate joints violaceous and the 
last five or six dull black. Head densely rugulose-punctate above 
and on the front ; the clypeus somewhat transversely rugulose. 
Antenna? about equal in length to the body in the (S , slightly 
shorter in the 5 ; with the joints successively thicker from the 
fifth or sixth to the eighth, and then to the eleventh successively 
narrower, the eighth joint somewhat thicker than the first ; the 
joints very feebly or not at all angulated at the apex. Prothorax 
with a smooth, glossy, rather obtusely pointed tubercle on each 
side ; the disc densely rugulose-punctate and more or less opaque 
in the middle, the sides and base somewhat transversely striated 
and subnitid. Scutellum smooth. Elytra obtusely rounded at 
the apex ; finely and very densely rugulose-punctate and dull, the 
punctures a little stronger and less dense near the base. Hind 
femora extend to the apex of the abdomen in the c? but not 
quite to the apex of the elytra ; in the $ they do not reach 
past the fourth segment. First joint of the hind tarsi shorter 
than the succeeding joints united. Fifth abdominal segment with 
a rather deep sinuate emargination, and the sixth subtruncate, 
at the apex in the cJ ; fiftli minutely truncate at the apex in 
the $ . 

Len;/th 17-22 mm. 

Hah. Southern India: Madras, Mysore, Nilgiri Hills ; Assam; 
Eangoon. 



220 CERAMBYCID.i:. 

245. Polyzonus democraticiis, Lmneere, Soc. Ent. Bekj. 1890, C. R. 
p. ccxi. 

" Obscurely ehalybeous above, green beneath, clothed with 
ashy-grey pubescence ; antennse and legs nearly black ; femora 
violaceous, the posterior pair cyaneous ; elytra cribrately puue- 
tured, immaculate. 

'•Dull obscure blue, above rugosely punctured, beneath metallic 
green, slightly shining, covered with an ashy-grey pubescence. 
Antennae black, the basal joints with a slight metallic sheen. 
Elytra slightly brighter at base and at apex ; the latter more or 
less tinged with dark violet. Anterior and intermediate legs 
blackish, posterior pair obscurely blue, their femora terminally 
of a more beautiful blue. 

'■'■Length 18 mm. 

''Hah. Kunbir."' 

Judging by the description this species must be very like 
P. jyi'ccsinns, White, in colour, but whether or not closely allied to 
that species it is impossible to say, as the structui'al characters are 
very insufficiently described. 

Genus ANUBIS. 

Auubis, TJiomson, Syst. Ceranih. p. 177 (1864) ; Lacord. Gen. 
Culeopt. ix, p. 25 (18G9). 

Type, A. daviconiis, Fab., a South-African species. 

Range. South Africa ; Eastern Asia from South China and 
Sikhim to the Malay Peninsula ; and the Philippine Islands. 

Head narrowed and more or less elongated below the eyes. 
Antennae a little longer or shorter than the body, 11-jointed, 
gradually thickened from about the middle up to the apex ; third 
joint longer than the fourth or following joints ; eleventh slightly 
longer than the tenth, obtuse at the apex. Prothorax ovate- 
cylindrical, a little constricted at the base, unanned at the sides. 
Elytra long, more or less parallel- sided, I'ouuded at the apex. 
Legs not very long, the hind pair not much longer than the 
middle ones ; femora gradually sub-clavate, the hind pair much 
shorter than the abdomen in both sexes ; first joint of the hind 
tarsi longer than the second and third united. 

The species of this genus have a considerable resemblance in 
form and colour to those of Poh/zoniis, but may be readily dis- 
tinguished from them by the completely unarmed prothorax, 
shorter hind femora, and in most cases also by the form of the 
antenna}, the last two or three joints of which are gradually 
thicker than those that precede them. 

24(). Anubis inermis, }f7iite (Polyzonus), Cat. Coleopt.Jj. M.,Longic. 
p. 171 (1853). 

Chalybeate-blue ; the elytra violaceous except near the base 




AXUI31S. 221 

nd apex, with two transverse yellow bands, placed one a little 

before, the other just behind the middle, the posterior band 

usually a little the broader of the two, and the intervening space 

about equal to it in breadth ; antenna) with the first joint blue, 

tlie rest black ; tibisB and tarsi black ; body 

beneath covered with silvery -grey pubescence. 

.Head, prothorax and first antenna! joint 

very densely rugulose-punctate ; the head 

somewhat elongated below the eyes ; the 

prothorax sometimes more or less violaceous 

on the middle of the disc. !Scutellum finely 

and rather densely puuctulate. Elytra finely 

and very densely punctate, the punctures a 

little larger and more distinct on the dark 

band next the base, i'emora dark blue, or 

^-^ sometimes in great part black ; densely 

Annhisrn!r^,White, punctate ; the_ hind pair extend very little 

^. X 't- beyond the hnid margin of the posterior 

yellow band of the elytra in both sexes. 

Eifth and sixth abdominal segments of the c? minute at the apex, 

the sixth half at least as long as the fifth and always distinctly 

visible ; fifth segment of 2 rounded at the apex. 

Length 14-19 ; breadth 3—4 mm. 

Hab. Sikhim : Darjeeling, Mungphu ; Burma : Bhanio, Teinzo, 
Karenee {Fea), Moulmein ; Siaiu ; Malay Peninsula ; 8. China. 

247. AnuMs rostratus, Bates, Cist. Ent. ii, p. 412 (1879). 

Eelatively a little narrower than A. inermis. White ; of a some- 
what brassy dark-blue colour ; the elytra deeper blue, opaque in 
the middle, marked with two transverse fulvous-yellow bands ; 
body beneath covered with silky pubescence which has a somewhat 
golden gloss. Head strongly elongated and narrowed between 
the eyes. Antennae of d do not exceed the body in length. 
Prothorax gradually narrowed in front, densely subrugosely 
punctured, with a short smooth fine along the middle of the disc. 
Elytra obtusely rounded at the apex. Sixth abdominal segment of 
the d" very long, longer than the fourth and fifth united. 

Length 19 mm. 

Hab. Burma : Karenee (Fea) ; Cochin China : Saigon. 

248. Anubis bipustulatus, Thoms. Sijst. Ceramh. p. 569 (1865). 

Metallic green or, more rarely, dark blue and uitid ; legs and an- 
tenna) black ; elytra marked each with a yellow spot placed towards 
the side at about one-third of its length from the apex, the spot 
bordered with violaceous ; body beneath covered with silvery-grey 
pubescence. Head rather short below the eyes ; densely rugulose- 
punctate. Antenna) scarcely thickened towards the apex. Pro- 
thorax rounded in the middle at each side, constricted at the base; 



522 CEEAMBYCID-i:. 

denselv rufjuiose-punctate above, transversely rugulose near front 
margin, nsually more or less smooth at the sides ; presternum ot" 
o with a verv finely and densely puneiulate area that crosses it 
in front of the coxa?, this area rounded and very definitely limited 
at each side. Elytra finely and very densely pnuctidate ; broadly 
rounded at the apex. Femora densely punctate, the hind pair 
much shorter than the abdomen. Sixth abdominal segment of 
the o A"ery short and sometimes almost invisible, its hind border 
almost transversely tnuicate and shortly fringed with hairs ; the 
fifth segment slightly sinuate at the apex. 

Variation. There is a good deal of variation in the size and 
shape of the postmedian spot ot tlie elytra ; one or t\\ o small 
vellow spots are sometimes present on the anterior part of each 
elytron. 

Length 9-17 ; breadth l|-3.i mm. 

Hab. Sikhim : Mungphu {Ail-inson) ; Burma : Bhamo, Teinzo, 
Karenee {F^a). Bangoou ; Siam ; Malay Peninsula. 

249. Anubis fimbriatus, Bates, Cist. Ent. ii.p. 412 (1879). 

This species is very closely allied to A. bipustuJatus, Thoms. ; it 
agrees completely with it in structiu^l character and in the 
sculpture of the various pai-ts. The only difference observable is 
in the markings of the elytra, which take the form of two trans- 
verse yellow or fulvous bauds, more or less interrupted at the 
suture ; the posterior band occupies the same position on each 
elvtron as the posterior spot in bipustulatv.s, and the anterior band 
replaces the one or two small spots sometimes seen in the latter 
species. The parts of the elytra bordering on the bands are dark 
violaceous in colour. The species has been found in the same 
localities as bipustidafus, and must be regarded as doubtfully 
distinct. 

Length 13-19 ; breadth 2i-3| mm. 

Hab. Sikhim: Mungphu (Athinson) ; Burma: Karenee (Fea), 
JRangoon ; Siam ; Cochin China ; Malay Peninsula. 



Genus IPOTHALIA. 

Ipothalia, Pascoe, A. M. X. S. (3) xix, p. 314 (1SG7) ; Lacord. 
Gen. Coleopt. vs., p. 27 (1869). 

Type, /. femorata. Pasc, a species from the Philippine Islands. 

Rawje. Pegu, Philippine Islands and Borneo. 

2 . Head somewhat concave from side to side between the 
antennal supports : front subvertical. marked off from the clypeus 
bv a single transverse or two oblique impressions ; genae rather 
short ; mandibles of moderate length, obliquely inclined towards 
one another and slightly incurved at the end. Antennae not 
extended past the middle of the elytra : third joint equal in length 



IPOTHALIA. 



223 



to the fourth and fifth united, these subequal ; sixth to tenth 
gradually shorter, compressed and dilated, produced each into a 
short angular process at the apex on the anterior side, eleventh 
scarcely longer than the tenth. Prothorax armed with an obtuse 
conical tubercle at the middle of each side. Elytra moderately 
long, more or less parallel-sided, rounded at the apex. Hind legs 
much longer than the middle pair, and these a little longer than 
the front 'legs ; femora distinctly but not abruptly clavate, sub- 
peduTiculate^at the base, the hind pair reach almost to the apex of 
the elytra; hind tibia compressed, shghtly dilated towards the 
apex ;' first joint of the hind tarsi a little longer, sometimes 
shorter, than the next two joints united. Abdomen narrowed 
posteriorly, rounded at the apex of the last ventral segment. 
Acetabula of front coxae narrowly open posteriorly. 

Pascoe, in describing this genus, stated that the unique type 
specimen of /. femonita api>eared to him to be a male. In this he 
was mistaken.* The type is undoubtedly a female, as is also the 
unique tvpe specimen of /. pyrrha, Pasc. Lacordaire knew only 
the first 'of these two species, and appears to have shared Pascoe's 
mistake in regard to the sex, since the cliaracters given by him for 
the male are really applicable to the female. 

250. Ipothalia pyrrha, Poicoe, A. M. X. H. ( 3j xix, p. 314 (1S67). 

9 Dark blue and subnitid ; with the elytra somewhat greenish, 
very'denselv rugulose-punctate and dull, except near the apex 
where thev'are smoother, subnitid, and slightly bluish in colour; 
the legs entirely ferruginous red ; the antennae Avith the first two 
ioints violaceous, the third to fifth and the sixth m part ferru- 
ginous, the rest bluish, more or less covered witn dark brown 
^ pubesc-ence ; body beneath covered shglitly 

^vith grey pubescence except on the fore- 
part of the prosternum and on the la?t four 
abdominal segments, these four glabrous, 
nitid, aud ver}- sparsely punctulate. Head 
finely and rather sparsely punctulate in 
front, slightly rugulose above between the 
antennae and the eyes, coarsely punctate 
just behind the eyes, rather strongly strigose 
at the sides and* on the gular area beneath. 
Antennae barely reach to the middle of the 
elvtra ; first joint rather densely punctulate. 
Fig. 8:3. ^j^-jg ^^^ ^i^g tijjj.^! to fifth or sixth sub- 

Ipothalmpyrrha. Pasc. ^^^^^^^^^ ^^^ ^^,^ ^^^^ ^r less pubescent. 
' Prothorax striated transversely near the 

front margin, and with a few transverse striae also near the ba^e; 
the di-c transversely rugulose and punctate, with a narrow smocfth 
band aloncr the middle and a narrower transverse one in front. 
Elytra narrowed sUghtlv from the base to the middle aud shghtly 




224 CEKAMBTCID.'E. 

Avidenetl again posteriorly, each obtusely rounded at the apex. 
Teraora finely and very sparsely punctulate, the clavate portion 
almost impuiictate in the middle. I'irst joint of the hind tarsi 
sliffhtly longer than the second and third united. 

Lencjtli 16; hreadih 4 mm. 

Hab. Pegu. 

Group PYRESTINL 

Antennal supports emarginate in front, more or less distinctly 
raised on the inner side ; front subvertical ; palpi rather short, 
subequal in length ; eyes finely facetted, deeply emarginate, in one 
genus completely divided ; gula with short mentigerous process. 
Antennae more or less robust, usually shorter than the body in 
both sexes. Protborax unarmed at the sides. Legs short ; hind 
femora not reaching to the apex of the elytra ; first joint of hind 
tarsi shorter than the second and third united. Front coxae glo- 
bular, their acetabula rounded on the outer side, closed posteriorly. 
Acetabula of middle coxae open to the epimera. Metathorax 
without scent-pores. Wing-vein Cu 1 simple, Cu 2 absent. 

The genera of this group are, with one exception, restricted in 
their distribution to tlie Oriental Kegion and North China. The 
species are characterised, to a greater or less extent, by their red 
coloration. 

Synojisis of the Genera. 

A. Eyes completely divided Pachylocekus, p. 224. 

B. Eves emarginate. 

a. "Lateral margins of elytra more or less 

deeplv sinuate near base Pyrestes, p. 227. 

b. Lateral margins of elytra straight Eeythetjs, p. 229. 

Genus PACHYLOCEKUS. 

Pachylccerus, Hope, Trans. Ent. Soc. i, p. 19 (1834) ; Lacord. Gen. 
CoU'opt. viii, p. 519 (1869). 

Type, P. corcdlinns, Hope. 

Ecmge. India, Ceylon, Burma, Sumatra and Java. 

Head sulcate, narrowly concave between the antennal supports, 
the lat^ter someA\"hat prominent, deeply emarginate in front ; vertex 
marked with a median groove ; clypeo-frontal sutures distinct ; 
the clypeus slightly depressed in the middle, with a slightly raised 
area at its upper end ; labrum short, broad ; eyes completely 
divided, the two lobes of each rather widely separated. Antennaj 
short, thick ; first joint stout, slightly thickened towards the apex, 
third, fourth and fifth subglobose or obconical, sixth to tenth 
compi-essed in front and acutely angulate at the apex, eleventh 
compressed, scarcely longer than the tenth. Prothorax strongly 
rugose, more or less rounded at the sides, narrowed in front, less 
so at the base. Elytra rather short, convex, rounded at apex, 



PACHYLOCERUS. 225 

marked with a short longitudiual groove below the shoulders. 
Legs rather short, stout ; the femora subf usiform ; the tarsi some- 
what broad, with the first joint scarcely longer than the second. 
Intercoxal process of prosternum raised to a level with the coxse, 
slightly projecting and truncate posteriorly. 

251. Pachylocerus corallinus, Hope, Trans. Ent. Soc i, p. 19, pi. 2, 

fig. 5 (1834). 

Bright coralline-red, with two rather broad, longitudinal black 
bands on the pronotum and four on each elytron ; the abdomen, 
the borders of the sterna, the apices of the femora, the second 
antennal joint and the bases of the next three or four, also of a 
blackish or dark brown colour. Head finely and rather densely 
punctulate. Antennae not extended past the middle of the elytra 
in the c? , shorter still in the $ ; third and fourth joints somewhat 
globular, the third broader and a trifle longer than the first or 
fourth : fifth obconic, narrower than the fourth ; all these joints 
subuitid, minutely and rather densely punctured, the punctures 
with very short tawny setae ; sixth to tenth similarly punctulate 
and setose posteriorly, but covered densely with short tawny 
pubescence on the flattened part in front. Prothorax only slightly 
rounded at the sides ; strongly wrinkled above, the ridges more or 
less regularly transverse ; front and hind borders narrowly black. 
Elytra somewhat dull, covered with short pubescence ; the dark 
brown bands, one of which runs along the suture and another at 
the outer margin, are somewhat broader than the intervening red 
bands, the two inner of which are feebly raised. 

Lemjtli 25-33 ; breadth G|-9| mm. 

Hal). S. India : Nilgiri Hills ; Bombay. 

252. Pachylocerus unicolor, Dohm, Stett. ent. Zeit. 1878, p. 359. 

" Elongate, subcylindrical, red ; the extreme apex of the man- 
dibles, the knees, and the third, fourth and fifth joints of the 
antennae at base black, second joint blackish, subnitid; head be- 
tween the antennae canaliculate, eyes completely divided; thorax 
transversely rugose ; elytra costate, marked with a somewhat deep 
emargination behind the humeral angle. 

" Lenr/ch 21 ; breadth 5 mm. 

"i/«6. Burma." (Dohm.) 

Unknown to me. 



253. Pachylocerus SUlcatus, Bronpi. Nouv. Archiv. du Museum (3) 
iii,p. 240, pL 10, fig. 4(1891). 
Pachvlocerns pilosus, Gahan {nee Guer.), Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova^ 
xxiiv, p. 12 (1894). 

Head, prothorax, antennae, body beneath and legs red or red- 
dish brown ; the second antennal joint and the third, fourth and 
VOL. I. Q 



226 CEEAMBYCID.i:. 

fifth at the base black ; elytra dark bro\\n, tomentose, marked each 
with five or six rather narrow, longitudinal bands of a reddish 
colour which is more or less obscured in fresh specimens bj- a 
covering of tawny or somewhat golden pubescence ; these bands, 
with the exception of the one nearest the outer margin, are placed 
along slightly raised obtuse costae ; the first costa, placed close to 
the suture, is distinct only on the basal third of the elytron, it 
approaches more closely to the suture posteriorly and appears to 
be continued as a very feeble sutm-al elevation which is again more 
strongly raised near the apex ; second and third costae long, the 
third united posteriorly with the fifth, marked near the base with 
a few strong punctures. Antenna? slightly shorter than those of 
P. coraUinus, Hope, but resemble them in the form of the joints. 
Prothorax a little angulate at the middle of each side, transversely 
wrinkled above, marked on the disc with two longitudinal, slightly 
curved, linear impressions which are less widely separated in 
front. 

Length 19-28; breadth 5-8 mm. 

Hab. Assam : Naga Hills (Doherti/) ; Sylhet ; Burma : IS". Chin 
Hills (Watson); Karenee (Fea) ; Tenasserim : Thaungyin Valley 
{Bingham) ; South China and 8iam. 

254. Pachylocerus crassicornis, Olw. (Cerambvx) Entom. iv, Xo. 67, 
p. 51, pi. 20, fig. 150 (1795). 
Pachylocerus phiiuiferus, PuHcoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (2) iv, p. 90, pi. 23, 
fig. 5 (1857). 

Brownish-red or red in colour, with black spots on the prothorax 
and greyish-black spots and patches on the elytra ; metathorax 
and abdomen entirely black, with a faint 
covering of grey pubescence ; femora 
marked each with a black spot in. front 
and another posteriorly, xlutenuae with 
joints third to fifth strongly thickened 
towards the apex, these aud the sixth 
tufted with short tawny or black hairs 
beneath near the apex. Prothorax very 
glossy, transversely rugose, marked above 
M'ith five, aud on each side with three or 
four black spots. Elytra faintly pubes- 
cent, for the most part rather dull ; each 
with an elongate greyish-black spot near 
the shoulder, another at the suture near 
Pachylocerus crassicornis, the base, and Uvo small spots on the disc 
Oliv. X |. between ; a rounded depressed velvety black 

spot on the disc a little before the middle, 
and a large greyish-black patch on the posterior half, this patch 
widened posteriorly, sometimes giving off a branch towards the 
suture, where it joins a short sutural band of the same colour ; 
all these elytral spots and patches somewhat variable. The elytra 
in this species relatively shorter than in the others, not more than 




PYRESTES. 227 

twice as long as their width across the base, more broadly rounded 
at the apex. 

LeiKjth 17-25; breadth 5-8 mm. 

Hah. Ceylon ; South India : Trivandrum ; Calcutta ; Chutia 
Nagpur. 

Genus PYRESTES. 

Pvrestes, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (2) iv, p. 96 (1857) : id. ibid. (3) 

'iii, p. 576 (1896). 
Pyresthes, Lacord. Gen. Coleopt. viii, p. 520 (1869). 

Type, P. eximius, Pase., a species from Borneo. - 

Manr/e. China and Oriental Region. 

Head with the antennal supports deeply emargiuate in front 
and rather narrow and acute on the inner side ; the front short, 
subvertical ; the clypeus and gente moderately long ; the eyes 
rather deeply emargiuate ; gula with a short mentigerous process. 
Antennce equal in length to the body, or slightly longer, in the c? ; 
shorter than the body in the 2 ; fifth to tentli joints compressed, 
dilated and strongly angulated at the apex on the anterior side ; 
eleventh appendiculate, sometimes with a small projecting angle 
in front where the appendix begins. Prothorax ovate-cylindrical, 
longer than bi'oad, transversely grooved close to the base. Scu- 
tellum triangular. Elytra parallel-sided or slightly widened pos- 
teriorly, somewhat convex above, rounded at the apex ; the lateral 
margins more or less deeply sinuate near the base. Legs rather 
short, subequal in length ; femora gradually elavate, the hind pair 
not reaching past the third segment of the abdomen ; middle and 
hind femora in some species with a fine carina on each side close 
to the ventral face, in others without carinae. First joint of the 
hind tarsi about equal in length to the second and third united ; 
tarsal claws moderately long, not very widely divergent. First 
segment of abdomen much longer than the second. Wings with 
vein Cu 1 simple, Cu 2 absent; vein A 2 runs close to Al near 
the middle of its length, but is not united with it by means of a 
cross-vein. 

255. Pyrestes miniatus, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (2) iv, p. 97 (1857). 

" Eed, pubescent ; prothorax transversely very finely striate ; 
elytra finely punctured ; eyes and the abdomen black, the apical 
two segments red. 

" Head, thorax and elytra red ; antennae, eyes, legs, posterior 
portion of the thorax beneath and abdomen black (except the last 
two segments, which are pale red) ; prothorax with very fine trans- 
verse striae, with the elytra pubescent and covered with numerous 
minute punctures. In the collection of W. W. Saunders, Esq. 

"■Length bh lines " = 12 mm. 

" Hah. Northern India." 

Unknown to me. 

Q2 



228 



CEKAMBYCID.li. 




Fig. 85. 

Fyresies pyrrhns, Gahan, (5. 

X ?. 



256. Pyrestes pyrrhus, sp. n. 

S . Prothorax, elytra and abdomen red, the last somewhat 
darker in colour at the base of the first segment : head, antennae, 
legs, meso- and metathorax black. Head finely and very densely 

punctulate above, less densely and less 
finely punctate in front. Antenna) 
about as long as the body ; first joint 
densely rugulose-punctulate ; fifth to 
tenth compressed, moderately broad, 
angulated at the apex on the anterior 
side. Prothorax subnitid, slightly 
protuberant at the middle of each 
side, narrowed towards the apex and 
to a less extent towards the base, 
transversely and rather deeply striated 
o\'er the upper surface, the stria? 
slightly irregular in places, with some 
small punctures scattered amongst 
them ; the sides also striated, with the striiB more or less curved 
or oblique, and the punctures more densely placed. Elytra slightly 
nitid. very sparsely covered with short red pubescence, rather 
strongly and very thickly punctured ; the punctures a little larger 
and more distinct n<iar the base and gradually smaller towards the 
apex ; the lateral margins rather strongly sinuate near the base. 
Meso- and metathorax densely and rather strongly punctured ; the 
abdomen more finely punctate. JMiddle and hind femora feebly 
cariuate on each side near the base, the clavate portions slightly 
angulate on the ventral side and fringed with short grey hairs ; 
the hind femora do not extend past the second segment of the 
abdomen. Tibiae slightly curved, the middle ones thickened 
beneath at the apex. 

Length c? 13; breadth 3 mm. 

Hah. Chutia Nagpur : Xowatoli {R. P. Cardon). Tvpe in coll. 
R. Oberthiir. 

M. Oberthiir has identified this species as the one which Prof. 
Lameere has recorded from Chutia Xagpur under the name or 
Pyresthes Jiyjiomelas, Pairm. 



257. Pyrestes birmanicus, Ga?ian (Pyresthes),^?;?/. Mus. Civ. Genovn, 
x.xxiv, p. 16 (1894). 

S . Pronotum, the front margin excepted, and the elytra red ; 
abdomen reddish, with the middle of the base black ; rest of the 
underside, the head, antennce, legs and scutellum black. Antennae 
almost as long as the body, the third joint a little longer than the 
first or fourth. Prothorax rather strongly and somewhat abruptl}- 
constricted at the apex, its sides slightly rounded between the 
middle and the apical constriction and feebly sinuate between 
the middle and the base ; crossed above by some feeble and not very 



EEYTHRUS. 229 

regular ridges and without any distinct puncturation ; tne surface 
dull. Elytra with the lateral emargination near the base not 
deep ; the surface dull all over, closely and not very strongly 
punctured, the punctures somewhat evenly distributed, not much 
larger near the base than they are near the apex ; apices rounded, 
briefly mucronate at the suture. 

2 . Antennas much shorter than the body ; prothorax less 
abruptly constricted at the apex, closely, sub-rugosely punctured 
above ; abdomen entirely of a dull reddish tint. 

Lenrjth 13| ; breadth 3 mm. 

Hab. Tenasserim : Thagata and Moulmein (Feu). 

25S. Pyrestes dohertii, sp. n. 

Pronotum, except at the frout margin, and elytra red ; head, 
body beneath, legs, scutellum and antennse black. Head finely 
and densely rugulose-punctate. Antennae of c? slightly longer 
than the body ; third joint slightly longer than the first and dis- 
tinctly longer than the fourth ; fifth subequal in length to the 
third, widened and strongly angulate at the apex in front ; sixth 
to tenth also dilated and strongly angulated at the apex ; eleventh 
a little longer than the tenth. Prothorax subnitid, subcylindrical, 
narrowed very slightly in front ; transversely striated and leather 
sparsely punctured above and on the sides ; very densely punctured 
below and around the outer borders of the acetabulu. Elytra 
strongly and very closely punctured, especially near the base, 
where also thej^ are slightly nitid ; rounded and unarmed at the 
apex. Thorax densely and rather strongly punctured, the abdomen 
finely and less closely punctate. Legs subnitid, feebly and sparsely 
puuctulate, and, like the underside of the body, very scantily fur- 
nished with short greyish pubescence. Pemora not carinate, and 
not strongly thickened. Pirst segment of abdomen as long as the 
second and third united, the last segment sinuate at the apex. 

Length *J ; breadth 2 mm. 

Bab. Burma : Karen Mts. (DoJiertij). 



Genus ERYTHRUS. 

Erythrus, White, Cat. Coleopf. B. M., Longic. p. 142 (1853); 

Lacord. Gen. Coleopt. viii, p. 521 (1860). 
Disidfema, TJiomson, Esiai Classif. Ceramb. p. 147 (1861). 
Pseudoleptura, Thomson, I. c. p. 148. 

Type, E. championi, White, a' species from Hong-Kong. 

Range. Oriental Pegion, China and Formosa. 

Pesembles Fgrcstes, Pasc, in the shape and structure of the 
head and antennae, but the antennae are somewhat shorter, extend- 
ing very little, or not at all, past the middle of the elytra in the $ , 
and not far beyond it in the c5' ; the sixth to the tenth joints 
sharply dentate at the apex on the anterior side, the eleventh 



230 CEEAMBYCIDiE, 

sharply pointed at the end. Prothorax widest as a rule just a little 
before the base, slightly constricted at the base, more or less 
gradually narrowed in front; its length about equal to its greatest 
breadth. Elytra gradually and slightly widened posteriorly, 
rounded at the apex in most of the species, sometimes slightly 
mucronate at the suture ; attenuated and spined at the apex in 
some of the forms ; the sutural edges slightly raised, especially 
near the apex ; the lateral edges somewhat thickened and convex, 
formed into an obtuse ridge that extends almost the whole length 
of each elytrou. Legs a little longer than in Pt/restes, with the 
femora less thickened, furnished ah\ays with a fine carina at the 
lower edge on each side. Last abdominal segment of § short and 
broad, sinuately truncate at the apex ; between this and the last 
tergite, the internal segment which forms a sheath to the ovi- 
positor is usually visible; its dorsal plate is emarginate in the 
middle and densely fringed with long tawny hairs posteriorly. 
Last abdominal segment of c? narrowed gradually posteriorly, 
broadly rounded at the apex ; the sixth or internal segment some- 
times visible in the form of a thin flat plate that projects a little 
bevond the fifth. 



259. Erythrus bicolor, IVesfw. (Saperda) Oib. Orient. Ent. p. 60, 
pi. 29, %. 9 (1848). 

Pronotum and elytra carmine-red, entirely opaque, the pronotum 
marked with two small, rounded, or slightly elongated black spots 
placed one on each side of the middle of the disc ; head, antenna^, 
scutellum, legs and underside black. Head densely and finely 
punctulate, sparsely covered with greyish-tawny pubescence in 
front. Antennae barely reach to the middle of the elytra in the $ , 
with the joints from the third rather distinctly dilated, the fifth 
angulate, and the sixth to tenth dentate at the apex on the anterior 
side. Prothorax somewhat rugulose-punctate, widest just a little 
before the base, narrowed very slightly thence up to the middle, 
and more strongly from the middle to the apex ; the two black 
spots placed on two feebly raised tubercles v.hich are covered \\ ith 
velvety pubescence, the black colour, but not the pubescence, 
sometimes extended a little way behind the tubercles ; the disc 
rather strongly convex between the spots, very feebly tuberculate 
on each side near the base. Scutellum transverse and xerx short. 
Elytra finely and not very densely punctulate, rounded at the apex, 
with a very short inconspicuous tooth at the suture ; each elytron 
furnished above with a slightly raised, median, longitudinal costa 
that extends for about four-fifths of its length from the base, and 
another feebler costa that is placed midway between this one and 
the suture. Body beneath, vei\y densely punctulate, the punctures 
slightly larger on the metasternum than they are on the episterna 
and abdomen. Femora densely and very finely punctulate. 

Length $ 17-19; breadth -^ mm. 



EEYTHKUS. -'^^ 

Hah. Assam (Jenlins), type 2 in Hope Museum, Oxford 
TtivViYin^ • Bvit. Blnitun {in coll. Oberthur). 

I have een no male specimeu that can with certamty be referred 
to thlSspSes. The spLies is very closely allied to E. Jortunn. 
White, from China and Houg Kong. 

260. Erythrus westwoodi, White, Cat. Cokopt. B. M., Lonyk. p. 143 
(1853). 
Head to a greater or less extent, prothorax and ektra carraine- 
recl md very nearly opaque; the prothorax with two black 
«nnts or a sino-le continuous band on each side o he disc; an- 
!P I 'n.^tS lum lec^s and underside black. Head densely punc- 
tuMe' w 1 ^"' ocHput, anterior part of the clypeus and the 
tulate, ^Mtll ^^^^ ^^^^^^j-y^^ usually black ; sometimes very nearly 
black AntennjB extend to the middle ot 
the elytra in the ? , and to a short distance 
beyond it in the c? ; third and fourth joints 
thickened at the apex, the fifth to tenth com- 
i^essed and dilated. Prothorax rugulose-punctate, 
similar in form to that of E. bicolor, Westw., 
furnished on the disc with four tubercles-two 
near the middle and two near the base, the two 
vi, 86 ^^edian tubercles mamilliform, the basal less 

ErP^^cst- strongly raised ; the black spots that, cover the 
uvidl, White. tubercles usually extend between hem so as to 
form a band, sometimes prolonged m front, on 
\. cSrIp . the disc evenly and rather feebly convex between the 
bands Ely ^ a little more strongly punctured than those of 
^t- oZo.- each elvtron with only a single dorsal costa, which is, 
Wever more pi^minent than the median costa in iJ. 6.co?or 
Eodv be'ne^th black, except the prosternum which, like the res ot 
SroSorax, is red; very densely punctuate, and scarcely less 
finely so on the metasternum than on the other parts. 
r'^nafh 17^-22 ; hreadih 4-5 mm. 
S HinTalayas; Northern India (5.d-?.^) ; Almora ; Mampur 

(Doherty). 

261. Erythrus coccineus, sp. u. 

Head prothorax and elytra carmine-red very nearly opaque; 
thf n^thorax with a small round velvety black spot on each side 
S the middle of the disc; antenna, scutellum. legs, meso- and 
netathomx black: abdomen brown, more or less deeply tinged 
wftlfSred. Head densely punctulate. Antjnn^ about th ree- 
fou t the length of the body in the 6 , not extended beyond the 
nidde of the^elytra in the $; first joint dense^' ^^ ^t the 
fifth joint angulate, and the sixth to tenth sharply dentate, at the 




232 CEKAMBTCID.!. 

apex on the anterior side. Prothorax somewhat indistinctly nigu- 
lose-punctate ; the disc with a postero-median tubercle, which has 
a very short, small, glossy carina on top ; the black spots very 
slightly raised. Elytra finely and not very densely punctulate, 
rounded at the apex, sometimes sliglitly truncate or emarginate 
near the suture, armed with a short sutural tooth ; eacli with a 
slightly raised, median, longitudinal costa. Body beneath finely 
and very densely punctulate, somewhat less finely and less densely 
on the metasternum than elsewhere. Femora minutely and 
densely punctulate. 

Length 13g-17 ; breadth 3-4 mm. 

Hah. Northern India : (?) Assam. 



Group PBOTHEMINI. 

Autennal supports slightly i-aised, emarginate in front ; gena) 
rather long : eyes finely facetted, emarginate. Prothorax un- 
armed, rounded at the sides. Elytra rather short and relatively 
broad, somewhat flattened above, the epipleures distinct from 
base to apex Legs long ; hind femora extending past the apex 
of the elytra ; hind tarsi long, tiie first joint laterally compressed, 
longer than the second and third united. Front coxae globular, 
not prominent ; their acetabula rounded on the outer side, closed 
posteriorly. Acetabula of middle coxas extended to the epiuiera. 
Episterna of metathorax broad, more or less parallel-sided, truncate 
posteriorly. Abdomen convex, its first segment long, especially 
iu the 2 . Wing-vein Cu 1 simple, Cu 2 absent. 

Synojisis of Genera. 

A. Lateral margins of elytra rounded near base, 

sinuate in middle IIomalomelas, p. 232. 

B. Lateral margins of elytra nearly straight . . Prothejia, p. 23o. 

Genus HOMALOMELAS. 

Homalonielas, White, Cat. Coleopt. B. M,, Limgic. p. 216 (1855) ; 
Lacord. Gen. Coleopt. viii, p. 525 (1869). 

Type, H. gracilipes, Parry. 

Range. Ceylon. 

§ . Head feebly concave between the antennre, grooved above ; 
clypeus depressed ; eyes finely facetted, emarginate, moderately 
large ; cheeks moderately long ; gula transversely wrinkled, pro- 
duced in a short mentigerous process. Anteuna3 a little longer 
than the bod}^ with the last seven joints compressed, the sixth to 
the tenth more or less angulate anteriorly at the apex ; the fourth 
and fifth subequal, each much shorter than the third, and also 
shorter than any of the succeeding joints. Prothorax unarmed 
at the sides, subcylindrical, finely ridged or granulated above. 
Elytra somewhat flattened above, with the sides extended vertically 



HOMALOMELAS. 



233 



downwards only in the anterior fifth or so of their length, but 
provided with very distinct epipleures in all their length, the 
lateral margin somewhat rounded anteriorly, .slightly sinuate 
near the middle, straighter posteriorly. Front and middle legs 
moderately long, with the femora subfusiform ; hind legs much 
longer, with the femora more slender, gradually thickened towards 
the apex and extended beyond the apex of the elytra, all the 
femora carinate on each side near the lower border ; first joint 
of hind tai'sus laterally compressed, longer than the remaining 
joints united. Prosternum vertically deflexed posteriorly. Front 
coxse rounded, with their acetabula closed posteriorly ; "acetabula 
of middle coxse open to the epimera. Abdomen convex, the first 
ventral segment as long at least as the next two united. 

I have not seen any males of this genus ; and Lacordaire's 
description of it appears to me to have been based upon female 
specimens only, which he erroneously considered to be males. 
The male has probably the antennse relatively longer than in the 
female, the first abdominal segment not so long in proportion 
to the other segments, and the sixth segment visible as in the 
males of the allied genus Blemmya, Pasc. 

262. Homalomelas gracilipes, Parry (Cerambyx), Trans. Ent. Soc. v, 
p. 184, pi. 18, %. 6 (1849). 

Black ; prothorax with three pubescent white spots at the base 
and one at the middle of each side ; scutellum white ; elytra 
marked each with two pube.scent white spots placed obliquely at 
the middle, the outer spot farther back 
than the inner one, and with a trans- 
verse white spot or band a little before 
the apex. Head rather densely punc- 
tate, grooved above between the eyes. 
Antennae of the $ extended by nearly 
the last joints past the apex of the 
elytra : first joint densely rugulose- 
punctate ; fourth much shorter than the 
third and but little shorter than the 
fifth ; sixth to tenth compressed, angu- 
late anteriorly at the apex. Prothorax 
widest at base, a little longer than 
broad, covered above with fine trans- 
verse ridges, those on the anterior half 
more or less straight and those on the 
posterior half strongly sinuate. Elytra 
subnitid, except near the base where 
they are rather densely punctate and 
dull ; each with an obtuse carina that 
runs obliquely backwards from the 
shoulder and ends on the inner part of the disc a little in front of 
the pre-apical white band, this carina densely and rather strongly 




Fig. 87. 

Homalomelas yracilipes, 

Parry, $ . x ?. 



234 CERAMBTCID.E, 

punctured, the side of the elytron external to it sparsely punctulate, 
and the space between it and the suture almost impunctate ; apex 
of each elytron truncate, with a short tooth at the outer angle. 
Body beneath with a covering of greyish or greyish-white silky 
pubescence. First abdominal segment not longer in the $ than 
the next two united. 

Lenfith 14-15 : breadth 4 mm. 

Hah. Ceylon. 

263. Homalomelas qiiadrideiitatus, sp. n. 

Very like H. gracilipes, Parry, in colour and markings, but \\itli 
an oblique white baud, instead of two spots, at the middle of each 
elytron, a white line that extends along the suture from the pre- 
apical band to the apex, and the middle white spot at the base of 
the pronotum triangular in form and more distinct. Antennje 
of 5 extended by the last two joints past the apex of the elytra ; 
the joints from the sixth to the tenth more strongly angulate than 
in gracilipes. Prothorax widest at the middle, scarcely longer 
than broad, finely wrinkled above, with the ridges all more or less 
contorted, none directly transverse. Elytra each with two short 
teeth at the apex ; a dorsal costa feebler than in riracilipes, less 
densely punctate and not extending past tlie median band ; the 
sutural area sparsely and finely punctate. Episterna of meso- 
and metathorax covered with white pubescence, the sterna less 
densely clothed with grey pubescence; first abdominal segment 
aud narrow bands at the sides of the next three greyish white ; 
first segment longer in the 2 than the next three united. 

Length 12| ; breadth 3^ mm. 

Hah. Ceylon. 

264. Homalomelas zouatus, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (2) V, p. 23 

(1859). 

Black, slightly tinged with bluish or violaceous ; prothorax with 
a basal pubescent white band which curves downwards and for- 
wards on each side ; scutellum white : elytra marked each Avith 
an obliquely transverse white band at the middle and a transverse 
spot or band at the apex. Prothorax granulated above, not 
wrinkled, the granules more or less elongated transversely and of 
unequal size. Elytra glossy on posterior half, densely punctulate 
near the base, strongly but not very densely punctate along the 
feebly raised costa which runs obliquely backwards from the 
shoulder to the middle ; each elytron tnmcate at the apex, with a 
feeble tooth at the outer angle. First two abdominal segments 
with a broad greyish-\^hite band at the posterior border ; first 
segment in the $ not longer than the next two united. 

Length 13-15 ; breadth 4 mm. 

Hah. Ceylon. 



PROTHEMA. 



235 



Genus PROTHEMA. 

Prothema, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. >Soc. (2j iv; p. 43 (1855) ; Lacord. 

Gen. Coleopt. viii, p. 526 (18G9). 
Sigeum, Pascoe, P. Z. S. ISGti, p. 523. 

Type, P. signata, Pasc, a species from JVorth China. 

Range. Bhutan, Assam, North China, Malay Peninsula and 
Philippine Islands, 

Closely allied to Homalomelas, "White, from which it differs 
chiefly by the structure of the elytra. These have narrower and 
less distinct epipleures, and the sides extend downwards near the 
base only to a slightly greater extent than in the rest of their 
length, so that the lateral jnargins are but feebly sinuate and 
nearly straight. The prothorax is relatively shorter and broader 
than in Ilomalomelcoi, and is not wrinkled or granulated above. 
The one species included in the Indian fauna is in form, colour 
and markings somewhat suggestive of a Clytid. 

265. Prothema aurata, sp. u. 

$ . Black, densely covered above with silky pubescence of a 
somewhat golden yellow colour, and marked with some densely 
punctured glabrous black bands ; the body beneath covered with 
pubescence, which is yellowish towards the sides, ashy-grey in 
the middle. Antennae of the $ slightly longer than the body, 
with the proximal three or four joints black, the rest brown, all 
faintly covered with pale grey pubescence ; 
joints sixth to tenth rather sharply angu- 
lated anteriorly at the apex. Protliorax 
not longer than broad, gradually narrowed 
anteriorly, slightly constricted at tlie base ; 
the disc with two black bands that run 
forward from the base and slightly con- 
verge anteriorly, but do not reach quite to 
the front margin ; the sides each with one 
black band that extends from the base to 
a little beyond the middle. Elytra with 
the sutural and lateral margins black, 
marked each with a black baud that runs 
backwards from the shoulder and ends in 
a transverse black bar placed just behind 
the middle, and a black band or spot that 
extends obliquely from the middle of the 
disc to the outer margin and is placed about 
midway between the apex and the submedian transverse bar ; 
apex of each elytron truncate, with a small tooth at the outer 
angle. Legs black, faintly clothed with ashy-grey pubescence, 
the tarsi more or less brown. 
Length 12; breadth 3 mm. 
Hah. Assam : Patkai Mts. {Dohertg). 




Fig. 88. 

Frothema aurata, 

Gahan. x f. 



236 CERAMBTCID.i:. 

Group THRANIINI. 

Head rather strongly sloped above ; the front vertical, flat, 
large and rectangular ; eyes finely facetted, feebly eniarginate, 
the upper lobe very short ; gula without mentigerous process. 
Antennce cylindrical, shorter than the body in both sexes. Pro- 
thorax parallel-sided, the disc more or less raised in front. Elytra 
long, deflexed at the sides only where they co\'er the thorax, flat, 
nai'row and more or less dehiscent posteriorly, acuminate at the 
apex. Femora clavate, the hind pair much shorter than the 
abdomen. Front coxse rather prominent, contiguous, their 
acetabula open posteriorly. Acetabula of middle coxae extended 
to the epimera. Episterna of metathorax very broad in front, 
gradually narrowed to a point posteriorly. Wing-vein Cu 1 
simple, Ca 2 absent. 

This group is formed for a single genus, Thranias, Pasc, which 
was iucluded by Lacordaire in his group Neci/dalicUs. The 
affinities of this genus are doubtful, but it certainly cannot be 
associated with Necydalis, a genus which is now generally recog- 
nised as belonging to the Lepturhias. 

Genus THRANIUS. 

Thranius, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (2) v, p. 22 (1859) ; Lacovd. 

Gen. Coleopt. viii, p. 470 (18G9). 
Singalia, Lacovd. Gen. Coleopt. ix, 2, p. 834 (1872). 

Type, T. r/ibbosus, Pasc. 

Ranr/e. Oriental Kegion and Japan. 

Head strongly inclined above ; front vertical, flat and sub- 
quadrate ; palpi shoi't ; eyes rather large and prominent, feebly 
emarginate, with very short upper lobes which do not extend 
behind the antenniferous tubercles, the latter somewhat promiueut 
on the inner side. Anteunaj extended to the apical fifth or fourth 
of the elytra in the d" , and a little past the middle in the $ ; 
the joints cylindrical, first slightly curved, third as long as the 
fourth and fifth united ; fourth to tenth subequal in length, 
eleventh a little longer than the tenth. Prothorax parallel-sided, 
scarcely longer than broad ; the disc raised in front so as to form 
a more or less distinct laterally compressed gibbosity. Elytra 
elongate, almost flat above, deflexed at the sides only where they 
cover the thorax, nari'owed from the base up to the middle or 
nearly so, and thence either parallel-sided or gradually widened 
to within a short distance oi the apex, each acuminate at the apex, 
usually ended in a spine. Front coxa3 contiguous, their acetabula 
open posteriorly ; acetabula of the middle coxse extended to the 
epimera. Femora clavate, the hind pair much shorter than the 
abdomen ; tarsus of the hind legs about half the length of the 
tibia, \\itli the first joint as long as the next two united. Episterna 
of metathorax very broad in front, narrowed almost to a point 
posteriorly. 



TnilA.MUS. 



237 



I. Ehjtra dehiscent only near the apex; each more than half as 
broad at middle as at hase. 

266. ThranillS gibbosus, Vascoc, Trans. Ent. Sac. (2) v_, p. 22 (1859). 
Sin^alia spiuipeuuis, Lacord. Gen. Coleopt. ix, p. 835 (1872). 

Pulvous or testaceous ; the head marked in front with a median 
dark brown hne or band ; prothorax brown above ; elytra with a 
laro-e brown spot at the base surrounding the seutellum, a dark 
bro°wn patch on each before the middle and another behind the 
middle ; these dark brown areas so variable in extent that in some 
specimens the elytra might more fitly be 
described as dark brown, with an arcuate 
fulvous band near the base, another at the 
middle, and the apex also broadly fulvous ^ 
antennae dark brown, with the eighth and 
ninth joints pale fulvous. Pronotum raised 
in front in a rather strong laterally com- 
pressed gibbosity, which is finely asperate 
on top. Elytra densely and somewhat 
asperately punctured, approximate at the 
suture for almost their whole length, 
gradually narrowed from the base to the 
middle, "and thence to the apex of almost 
equal width, each acuminate at the apex 
and terminated in a sharp spine. Body 
faintly covered above with very short 
tawny grey pubescence ; somewhat more 
densely clothed beneath with grey pubescence that gives silvery 
reflections in certain lights. 

Length 14-22 ; h-eadth 3-5 mm. 

Hah. Southern India : Nilgiri Hills ; Ceylon. 




Fig. 89. 
Thranius gibhosiis, 
Pasc, §. X J. 



267. Thranius simplex, Guhan, Ann. Mns. Civ. Genov. xxxiv, p. 15 
(1894). 
Dark brown, or sometimes almost black in colour ; the head 
and prothorax faintly clothed with yellowish pubescence; the 
breast in the middle and the abdomen testaceous ; the legs more 
or less testaceous, with the clavate portion of the femora and the 
tibiae in part piceous or black ; antenna dark brown or black, with 
the eio-hth and ninth joints fulvous yellow. Antennas extended 
to the^apical fifth of the elytra in the 6 , and to the apical third 
in the $ ; first joint closely and rather finely rugulose-punctate. 
Prothorax with a strong, laterally compressed gibbosity on the 
fore part of the disc which is subvertieal in front and almost 
horizontal above ; the gibbosity rather densely asperate. Elytra 
approximate at the suture for almost their whole length ; nar- 
rowed slightly from the base for about one-third of their length, 



238 CEEAMBTCID.i:. 

thence of nearly equal width np to the apex, where they are 
narrowed and end each in a sharp spine ; the surface densely 
punctate, with the front edges of the punctures slightly raised. 

Lenrjth 16-23 ; breadth 3|-5 mm. 

Hah. British Bhutan {L. Durel in coll. Oberthiir) ; Manipur 
{Doherty) ; Burma : Karen Hills {Fea). 

In structural characters, such as the form or the gibbosity on 
the prothorax and the shape of the elytra, this species agrees 
pretty closely with T. r/ibbosiis, Pasc. The examples from Bhutan 
M'hich 1 have seen are much darker in colour than those from 
Manipur and Burma, and constitute a variety to which the name 
nignscens may be given. 



II. Elytra dehiscent from before the middle; each less than half as 
bread at middle as at base. 

26S. Thranius triplagiatus, sp. n. 

Head, prothorax and body beneath fulvous, with a not very 
dense covering of fulvous yellow pubescence ; anteunoB black ; 
elytra fulvous, each with the greater portion of the apical half, a 
transverse spot at the base and a large rectangular spot at the 
side a little behind the base, black. Antennae of the 5 extended 
to a little beyond the middle of the elytra ; the first joint rugose- 
punctate. Disc of prothorax strongly but somewhat obtusely 
raised along the middle, sloped gradually posteriorly and more 
abruptly in front, its surface more or less asperate. Elytra 
dehiscent at about one-sixth of their length from the base ; each 
narrowed thence up to about the middle of its length, and then 
gradually widened up to the apex, ending in a short point, not 
m a spine as in other species of the genus ; the width of the 
elytron at the middle less than half what it is at the base ; the 
surface rather densely asperate-punctate, with the dark areas more 
densely punctured. 

Lingth 20 ; breadth 5 mm. 

Hab. Manipur {Doherty). 

269. Thranius fryaniis, sp. u. 

Eeddish brown ; the elytra paler, but marked each with a dark- 
brown spot behind the scutellum, anotht'r on the disc a little 
before the middle, and a dark longitudinal band that extends 
backwards from tlie middle and disappears before it reaches the 
apical dilated part : antennae dark brown, with the first two joints 
and the greater part of the third reddish. Antennae of $ ex- 
tended ouly a little past the middle of the elytra; first joint 
densely and i-ather strongly punctured, second and third less 
densely and less strongly punctured ; fourth to eleventh and apex 
of third very minutely and densely punctulate. Prothorax 
relatively rather broad ; with the disc obtusely and not very 



TiiRAXirs. 239 

strongly raised in front, rather densely asperate and very faintly 
pubescent; the sides clothed with pubescence of a pale -olden 
colour Elytra narrowed from the base to the middle, approxnnate 
at the 'suture only in the anterior sixth of their length ; each ess 
than half as broad at the middle as at the base, narrow and of 
almost equal width from the middle up to about one-seventh ot its 
len-th from the apes, then widened slightly, acuminate and ended 
in a sliar.) spine at tlie apex ; the surface rather densely asperate- 
punctate the punctures denser on the dark ante-median spot and 
posterior band. Sides of breast and abdomen with pale golden 
pubescence mixed with longer grey hairs. 

Length 20 ; hreadtli 4| mm. 

Hah. Tenasserim : Tavoy {Dolurty). 

Group CLYTINL 

Head short, vertical or subvertical in front; gen se generally 
rather Ion- ; eyes finely facetted, emarginate ; mandib es short ; 
palpi short, subequal, the last joint more or less triangular Pro- 
thorax usually unarmed at the sides, varying in form from globular 
to cylindrical. Scutellum generally small. Front coxaj globular, 
as a rule not prominent; their acetabula rounded on the outer 
side open posteriorly. Acetabula of middle coxce open to the 
epimera. Hind legs" generally long, the first joint_ of the tarsus 
much lou-er as a rule than the second and third united ; spurs ot 
hind tibi.^ long. Tarsal claws widely divergent. The episterna 
of the metathorax generally rather broad, but m some forms more 
or less considerably overlapped by the sides of the elvtra. 

In this group I include the Clytkles and Ancujhjptuhs ot Lacor- 
daire to-ether with the genus Demoncuv of Thomson. Lacordaire s 
restriction of the group, on the one hand, to forms m which the 
antenna are at most only a little longer than the body m the _c? , 
and on the other, to those in which the first 30int of the hind 
tar4 is distinctly longer than the next two joints united, is one 
which cannot be maintained. AVithin the group there is a regular 
gradation in the length of the antennae from forms m which these 
or-ans are less than half the length of the body to others in which 
they are more than twice as long as the body ; and so also m regard 
to the hind tarsi, the first joint is in some forms scarcely longer 
than the second, in others more than three times as long as the 
second and third united, while between the two extremes there is 
almost every intermediate degree. On account of the gradual 
modifications not only in these but in many other points ot struc- 
ture, the genera cannot be defined with any great amount ot 
precision. In fact there is something to be said m favour ot 
those entomologists who describe each new species of the group as a 
ChitHS The chief objection to this course is that, unless the 
structural characters are given somewhat in detail, it becomes 
quite impossible to identify the species. 



240 ceba-MbtcidjE. 



Sifnop^iis of Genera. 

A. Antennfe more or less widely separated at 

base, the head between them either not 
raised or only slightly raised at the sides. 

a. Head carina'te in front Xylotrechus. p. 241. 

b. Head not carinate in front. 

a'. Lateral margins of elytra straight or 
nearly straight. 
a^. First joint of hind tarsi less than 
twice the length of second and third 

united Clytus, p. 250. 

b'-. First joint of hind tarsi twice as long 

as second and third imited Pkrisscs, p. 254. 

b'. Lateral margins of elytra obliquely in- 
clined near the base Ischnodora, p. 250. 

B. Antennfe jiot widely separated at tiie base ; 

two subapproximate, divergent elevations 
on head between them. 

a. First joint of hind tarsi much longer as a 

rule than second and third united. 
a'. Antennfe not spined. 

a'^. Antennfe ratber closely approximated 
at base, third joint little or not 
longer than first ; elytra moderately 

long Caloclytcs, p. 2C0. 

b'^. Antennse less closely approximated 

at base, third joint distinctly longer 

than first ; elytra long and relatively 

narrow. 

a\ Antennae of (S little or not longer 

than body ; episterna of meta- 

thorax with str.aight inner margin. Rhaphuma, p. 271. 
b^. Antennfe of (5 one-third longer 
than body ; episterna of meta- 

thorax wath curved inner margin. Clytocera, p. 270. 
b'. Antennfe spined at apex of one or more 
of the joints from third to sixth ; the 
spines sometimes very small and in- 
conspicuous. 
«"•'. Third and fourth joints, sometimes 
also fifth and sixth, spined at tipex, 
third joint longer than fourth .... Demoxax, p. 280. 
6^. Third joint only spined at apex ; this 
joint not longer than fourtli, usually 
much shorter Psilomerus, p. 209. 

b. First joint of hind tarsi very little or not 

longer than second and third united. 
a'. Flytra with feeble obtuse elevation at 

base, shoulders not carinate, epipleures 

not widened posteriorly Oligoenoplus, p. 301 

b'. Elytra with short dorsal crest or 

tubercle at base, shoulders carinate, 

epipleures slightly widened posteriorly. Aglaophis, p. 303. 



XYLOTRECIirS. 241 

Genus XYLOTRECHUS. 

Xyloti-echus, Chevrolaf, Ant}. Sue. Eat. Fr. 18G0, p. 4oG; Lacord. 

Gen. Coleopt. ix, p. 77 (1809). 
Amaursestbes, Ckevr. (in part.) Me»i. Soc. li. Sci. de Lie(ie, xviii, 

p. 327 (1863). 

Type, X sartorii, Chcvr., a Mexican species. 

Range. Both hemisplieres. In the Western heniisphere not 
recorded south of Mexico, nor in the Old World from Africa or 
Australia. 

Head vertical in front, not raised between the antennae ; tlie 
latter rather widely separated at the base, inserted vinder the 
lateral edges of the front, which appear as two more or less promi- 
nent cariuiE continued downwards to a greater or less extent along- 
each side ; the front furnished in additioa with from one to five 
more or less distinct carina. Antennce shorter as a rule than half 
the body, sometimes extended to the middle of the elytra or a 
little beyond it in the cJ ; first joint equal to or longer than the 
third ; third to fifth subequai ; sixth to tenth successively shorter, 
sometimes decreasing slightly in thickness. Prothorax more or 
less rounded at the sides, usually some^^'hat asperate or granulate 
on the middle of the disc. Elytra slightly narrowed backwards 
from the base, broadly truncate at apex. Legs moderately long ; 
femora thicker in the S ; the hind pair extend to a greater or less 
distance beyond the apex of the elytra in the S , but do not reach 
as a rule to the apex in the 5 . First joint of hind ta-rsus about 
twice as long as the next two joints united. 

1. Eiies large., extended on to the front ; the face correApondinghj 
contracted in the middle ; pygidinm of $ emarginate at apex. 

270. Xylotrechus smei, Lap. et Gory (Clytus), Hist. Nat. et Iconogr. 
des Ins. Coleopt. {Mon. dii genre Clvtus), p. 87, pi. 8, fig. 46 
(1841). 
Clytus vicinus Lap. et Gory, I. c. p. 38, pi. 8, fig. 47. 

Brown above; with a greyish or yellowish pubescence that 
covers the head and most of the prothorax and forms bauds and 
spots on the elytra, disposed as follows : — (1) a transverse band on 
each at the base, followed a little behind by (2) a short transverse 
spot ; (3) a narrow band which begins near the scutellum, passes 
close by the suture, diverges a little from it posteriorly and at a 
short distance before the middle curves outwards to the side, thence 
it bends forward a little before reaching the margin ; (4) a narrow, 
obliquely transverse, somewhat wavy band, placed a little behind 
the middle ; (5) an apical band, which is slightly produced forwards 
at the suture. Body beneath marked with spots or bauds of whitish 
pubescence. Vertex of head marked with a fine carina which 
divides anteriorly into two finer carinse ; front with four carinse, 
the lateral ones oblique or slightly curved, the intermediate two 

VOL. I. R 



242 CEBAMBYCID.D. 

converge downwards and unite so as to form a single inedian cailua 
on the lower part of the face. Prothorax rounded at the sides, 
widest behind the middle, narrowed gradually in front more 
strongly towards the base, slightly raised and subasperate along 
the middle of the disc ; marked with two rounded dark brown spots 
on the disc and a smaller one on each side ; the disc more or less 
infuscate in the middle, especially towards the base. 

Length 11-17 ; breadth 3-5 mm. 

Hah. Bhutan; Calcutta; Deccan. 

This species varies considerably in colour and to some extent 
also in the markings. In some specimens the derm is of a 
yellowish-testaceous colour in parts, in others almost entirely 
dark brown. The pubescence is sometimes yellowish, some- 
times ashy grey. The postmedian baud of the elytra is often 
interrupted or broken up into spots, and occasionally almost 
disappears. 

271. Xylotrechus SulDSCUtellatus, Cheir. Mem. Soc. JR. Sci. de Lie(/e, 
xviii, p. 317 (1863). 
Xylotrechus putzeysi, Chevr. I. c. p. -320. 
PXylotrechus insipieus, Chevr. I. c. p. -321. 

Dark brow-n, with a tawny or greyish-tawny pubescence that 
covers the head and prothorax and forms bands on the elytra ; 
prothorax with a median asperate band which is widened towards 
the base, two lateral spots on the disc, and a small spot on each 
side, black; the elytral bands arranged as follows: — (1) a baud 
which crosses the base of each elytron from the shoulder, curves 
backwards near the scutellum and runs close along the suture 
for a short distance, then diverges from the suture and curves 
outwards to the side at about one-third from the base, turning 
forward a little before it reaches the outer margin ; (2) a short, 
slightly oblique, transverse band on each a little behind the base ; 
(3) a band that passes obliquely outwards from the suture at 
about two-thirds of its length from the base ; (4) a band at the 
apex. Body beneath with a large spot of yellowish-white pubes- 
cence on the hinder half of each of the metathoracic episterna, 
sometimes with a smaller spot on the anterior part ; a lateral 
transverse spot of the same kind on the posterior half of each of 
the first three abdominal segments. Vertex of head with a fine 
median carina which divides anteriorly into two finer ones ; front 
with four carina;, the lateral pair extended downwards as far as 
the middle of the front border of the eyes ; the intermediate pair 
converge and unite below so as to form a single median carina on 
the clypeus. Antenuaj reach a little past the base of the pro- 
thorax in the $ , slightly longer in the S ; the last two or three 
joints somewhat thickened. Prothorax rounded at the sides, 
widest behind the middle, iiarrowed gradually in front, more 
strongly towards the base. 

Length 10-17 ; hreadth 3-5 mm. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Travancore ; Nilgiri Hills ; Bombay. 



XYLOTRECHUS. 243 

This species is very closely allied to A', smci, Lap. & G-ory, the 
differences which it presents are very sHght. It is generally 
darker iu colour, and the basal band of eacli elytron curves round 
by the scutellum and is continuous with the sutural baud. 

272. Xylotrechus carinifroiis, Lap. et Gory (Clytus), Hist._ Nat. et 
Iconof/r. des Ins. C'oUopt. (Mvfi. dit genre Clytus), p. 65, pi. 12, 
tig. 7o (1841) ; Chevr. Mem. Soc. R. Set. de Liefje, xviii, p. 316 
(1868). 

Closely allied to X. smei, Lap. & Gory, and X. subscutellatus, 
Chevr. This species differs from both in that the white spot on 
the anterior part of each of the metathoracic episterna is nearly as 
laro-e as the spot on the posterior part, also the two spots are 
joined. The elytra are light brown or slightly reddish in colour 
in the neighbourhood of the anterior, sutural band; this lighter 
coloured part is somewhat iu the shape of a triangle with its base 
in front. 

Lenr/th 9-15 ; breadth 2|-4 mm. 

JIab. Ceylon. 

273. Xylotrechus buqueti, Lap. et Gory (Clytus), Hist. Nat. et 

Icunnqr. des I/is. Coleopt. {Man. du yenve Clytus), p. 86, pi. 16, 

tio-. Ui) (1^541). 
Xvlotrechus siamensis, Cheer, yiem. Soc. R. Sci. de Liege, xvui, 

-p. 318 (1863). 
Xylotrechus phidias, Gahan {nee Newm.), Ann. Mas. Civ. Genova, 

xxxiv, p. 21 (1894). 

Dark brown, with greyish or tawny-yellow pubescence that covers 
the head and prothorax and is formed into bands on the elytra ; 
prothorax without spot at the sides, the disc with a median band, 
which is widened and somewhat rounded at the base, narrowed in 
front, and two large lateral spots, black ; elytral bands arranged 
as follows :— (1) a transverse band at the base ; (2) a short sutural 
band which begins at a little distance behind the scutellum, at its 
hind end turns outwards almost at right angles and then passes 
straight across the elytron to the side ; (3) a short transverse 
band"a little behind the base, which is bent backwards at its outer 
end and almost touches the sutural band at its inner end ; (4) a 
transverse band at about one-third from the apex, this band pro- 
duced forward in a triangle at the suture and sometimes also 
angnlated behind at the suture ; (5) an apical band produced at 
the suture, with its front border strongly oblique. Body beneath 
with a pubescent white spot on each of the mesothoracic episterna, 
another near the antero-lateral angles of the metasternum, two 
spots on each of the metathoracic episterna, and four almost com- 
plete bands on the abdomen. 

Length 7-13 ; breadth 2-3| mm. 

Hah. Darjeeling ; Burma ; Andaman Is. ; Siam ; Java. 

In the carination of the head and in other points of srrucHire 

r2 



244 CEEAMBTCID^. 

this species agrees closely with X. subscutellatiis, Chevr. In the 
J the pubescence on the head, prothoras, and elytral bands is 
usually grey, in the $ tawny yellow ; the discal band and spots of 
the prothorax are less distinct in the d , generally well-defined in 
the 2 ; the hind femora reach a little past the apex of the elytra 
in the d , i^ot beyond it in the $ ; the pygidium is rounded at 
the apex in the d , narro\^iy emarginate in the $ . 

274. Xylotrechus stebhingi, sj). u. 

Brown ; head and prothorax clothed with grey pubescence ; the 
prothorax with four small brown spots in a transverse row across 
the middle — two dorsal and two lateral. Elytra subglabrous, 
testaceous brown, narrowly covered with grey pubescence at the 
base, marked with some small spots of ashy-grey pubescence which 
form three interrupted bands — one near the base, another just 
before the middle, the third midway between it and the apex ; the 
apex also narro\^iy bordered with ashy grey. Body beneath covered 
with grey pubescence, a rather large posterior spot on each of the 
metathoracic episterua ashy white. Head with the lateral carinae 
oblique, slightly curved, extending below almost to a level with 
the lower margin of the eyes ; front narrowed between the eyes, 
furnished with two prominent convergent carinse, Avhich are united 
below. Antennae less than half the length of the body ; third 
ioiut slightly longer than the first. Prothorax widest behind the 
middle, very slightly narrowed in front, strongly narrowed to^^■ards 
the base ; disc w ith a median asperate carina, which is broader and 
more strongly raised behind than in front. Femora rather strongly 
thickened ; the hind pair extending a little past the apex of the 
elytra. JFirst joint of hind tarsi twice as long as the second and 
third united. 

Length 12-18 ; breadth 3i-5 mm. 

Hah. North- West Himalayas : Bashahr State (E. P. Stelbing) ; 
Tibet. 

275. Xylotrechus lateralis, sp. d. 

Dark brown ; rather densely covered with pubescence, which is 
vellowish grey on the upperside, ashy white on the face and on 
"the bodv beneath ; prothorax marked above with a median black 
band and two small round black spots : elytra marked each \^ith 
four somewhat oblong black spots in a row along the disc and 
a black band along each side, the third discal spot at about the 
middle, the fourth a little behind the third and somewhat distant 
from the apex ; antennae and legs ferruginous red, the femora 
somewhat brown. Head marked witli a median black band in 
front, on which are placed two convergent carinse which unite 
belo\^- and form a single carina on the clypeus ; the lateral carina3 
of the front extend downwards almost to a level with the lower 



XTLOTRECHUS. 



245 



t\iargin of the eyes. Protborax ovate-cylindrical, almost as wide 
in the middle as' the base of the elytra. Hind femora extend a 
little past the apex of the elytra in the $ . xlntenuic balf as long 
as the body in the $ ; third joint subequal in length with the first, 
longer than the fourth or fifth. 

Length 10; hreadth 2| mm. 

Ifab. Burma: Kuby Mines district (7)o7u'v-;;/). 



II. Eijes smaller ; face not contracted in the middle. 

A. Sides of face nearly ixtrcdlel ; the carince straight. 

276. Xylotreclms qiiadripes, CJievr. Mem. Soc. R. Sei. de Liege, xviii, 
p. :!15 (18G3) ; Dunnimj, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1868, p. 126 & tig. 

Black ; with a greyish or yellowish pubescence that covers the 
greater part of the head and prothorax and forms bands on the 

elytra; disc of prothorax 
with a rounded, sub- 
asperate, black spot in 
the middle and a smaller 
black spot at each side ; 
the elytral bands consist 
of the following: (1) a 
basal transverse band ; 
(2) a short oblique band 
that points to\vards the 
shoulder in one direction 
and towards the angle of 
the next band in the 
other ; (3) a band which 
begins a little behind 
thescutellum, runs close 
by the suture for a short 
distance, then diverges 
from it posteriorly and 
turns outwards to the side ; (4) a transverse or slightly oblique 
band behind the middle which gradually widens towards the suture; 
(5) an apical band with oblique front margin. Body beneath with 
dense \\hite pubescence along the borders of the metasternum 
and formed into a spot on each of the mesothoracic episterna, a 
large spot on each of the metathoracic episterna, and a lateral 
transverse spot on the posterior half of each of the first three 
abdominal segments ; the fourth and fifth segments almost com- 
pletely but less densely covered with greyish-white pubescence ; 
legs black, the femora varying in colour from testaceous to black. 
S . Face with a more or less distinct median carina, between 
which and each of the lateral carina there is an elongated, very 
finely rugulose, opaque black area with shghtly raised edges. 





Fig. 90.—A'i/lotrechus quadrtpcs, Cbevr. X 



246 CERAMBTCID,!:. 

Hind femora extending b}' about one-fifth of their length past the 
apex of the elytra. $ . I'ace with a single raised line or carina on 
each side midday between the median and lateral carina?. Hind 
femora not reaching past the apex of the elytra. 

Lemith 10-17; breadth 3-5 mm. 

Huh. Madras: Coorg ; Assam : Sylhet ; Burma ; Siam ; Tonkin. 

This species is well known as a " coffee-borer '" in many parts 
of India. 



277. Xyiotreclms SUbditllS, Chevr. Mem. Soc. E. Sci. de Liege, xviii, 
p. 314 (1803). 

Black ; prothorax covered \\ith leaden-grey pubescence, nar- 
ro\^ly bordered with white at the base and front margin on each 
side, marked above with three black spots placed in a transverse 
row before the middle, the median spot largest, emargiuate behind. 
Elytra black, marked each with a short oblique line and four bands 
of ashy-grey pubescence, the line placed above the shoulder ; the 
first band entire, close to the base ; the second, Avhich begins 
behind the scutellum, follows the suture for a short distance, and 
near the middle of the elytron curves outwards to the lateral 
margin ; the third runs transversely a little behind the middle and 
is slightly widened at the suture ; the fourtli, broader than the 
others, is placed at the apex. Body beneath glossy black ; the 
middle of the prosternum, a quadrate spot on the mesosternum, 
the sides and liinder part of the metathorax, and three more or 
less complete bands on the abdomen covered with white pubes- 
cence. Head with five straight carinre. Antennae rather tliick, 
extending to the base of the middle legs ; first six joints black, the 
rest ashy grey. Prothorax globose, a little longer than broad, 
somewhat less narrowed in front than at the base, front and hind 
margins straight, the surface granulated. Elytra transversely 
truncate at the apex, the angles scarcely spined. 

Lenrjtli 12 ; breadth 3| mm. 

Hab. Kashmir. 

This species has not been identified by me. The above descrip- 
tion is an abstract from the one given by the author, who in his 
monograph places the species just before A", quadrlpes. 



278 Xyiotreclms gestroi, Gahan, A7m. Mus. Cir. Genova, xxxiv, 
p. 19, pi. 1, fig. 4(1894). 

Head and prothorax covered with yellow pubescence : the pro- 
thorax marked \^ ith dark brown above in the form of a cross with 
a narrowly triangular band that extends backwards from the end 
of each arm, and with a small, round, dark brown spot on each 
side. Elytra dark brown, somewhat velvety, marked with rather 
broad bauds of yellowish pubescence ; the anterior two bands are 



XYLOTRECnUS. 



247 



somewhat curved, united along the suture, and form a somewhat 
X-shaped fio-ure ; the third band crosses transversely behnid the 
middle and Is prolonged anteriorly in the form of a triangle at the 
suture ; the fourth band covers the apical fifth of the elytra except 
at the sides ; in front of the anterior band the elytra are some- 
what testaceous in colour, partly clothed with yellowish pubes- 
cence. Body beneath covered with yellowish pubescence, each ot 
the last four" abdominal segments dark brown and nitid in front; 
antenna and legs testaceous, the hind femora infuscate towards 
the apex. Head with the lateral carina? short, nearly straight ; 
the face almost parallel-sided, marked with a slightly raised median 
black line below Avhich divides ahoxe and runs along each side ot 
a feeble median groove. 

Length 11 ; hreadth 3 mm. 

Hah. Upper Burma : Shwegu, on the Upper Irrawaddy. 

B. Face r/rachially ividened beloiv ; front with a median groove, the 
edges of luhich are slightly raised and meet beloiv so as to form a 
sliort obtuse carina ; the lateral carince oblique and very short. 

279. Xylotrechus hampsoni, Gahan, A. M. N.IL (6) v, p. 54, pi. 7, 

tig. 1 (1890). 
Eeddish brown, with bands and spots of sulphur-yellow pubes- 
cence, the intervening spaces on the elytra more or less densely 
covered with dark brown tomentum. Antennae with the first four 
or five ioints rufous, the rest black; third joint shorter than the 
first, not longer than the fourth ; third to sixth or seventh setose 
behind especially near the apex. Prothorax widest about the 
middle^ narrowed towards the base and to a less extent in front, 
scarcely longer than broad ; the disc with an obtuse, feebly raised, 
asperate ridge along the middle and a feebler elevation towards 
each side ; marked with three transverse yellow bands— the first a 
little behind the front margin, interrupted in the middle the 
second made up of four transverse spots, the third at the base, 
this extends downwards on each side and turning forwards, 
expands into a spot above the coxal cavity. Scutellum yellow 
Elytra marked each with four yellow bands ; the first, narrow and 
oblique, placed between the base and the middle; the second, 
triancrular, just before the middle, its hind border straight and its^ 
iront^ border oblique, almost parallel with the first band; the third 
bind straight and rather narrow, placed at a short distance behind 
tli.^ middle ; the fourth, less distinct than the others, runs parallel 
M ith the third at a little distance behind it ; the spaces between 
the bands are dark brown and the anterior yellow band has m 
front of it a dark brown band which spreads forward at its inner 
end along the suture and scutellum. Body beneath reddish brown 
to dark brown, with spots of yellow pubescence on the episterna 
and bands on the metasternum and abdomen. Hind femora 



248 CERAMBYCID.i:. 

extend by neai'ly one-fifth of their length past the apex of the 
elytra in the $ and by one-third of their length in the cS . 
Pygidium of 5 with a feeble sinuate emargination at the apex. 

Length 15-17 ; breadth -Ig-o mm. 

JIab. Southern India : Nilgiri Hills (Sir G. Harnpson) ; British 
Bhutan {in coll. Oberthiir) ; Assam {Doherty) ; Burma. 



280. Xylotrechus carinicollis, Jordan, Stett. ent. Zeit. 1895, p. 269. 

Eeddish brown ; head covered with orauge-tawny pubescence, 
marked with a median black carina, which is longitudinally canali- 
culate except in its lower part ; prothorax witli a band of j'ellow 
pubescence at the base, and two transverse dark brown bauds, 
one before the middle, the other in front of the basal yellow baud, 
the intervening spaces covered Avith orange-tawny pubescence ; 
scutellum brown at the base, yellow at the apex ; elytra with a 
narrow band at the base and tlie apical fourth part reddish brown, 
the rest almost black, somewhat velvety, crossed completely by 
two yellow bands, one a little before, the other behind, the middle ; 
the first band straight, the second, which is somewhat narrower, 
slightly curved backwards at the sides. Body beneath reddish 
brown, with the sides of the mesothorax, metathorax and abdo- 
men more or less dark brow^n; the episterna of the mesothorax, 
a median spot on theprosternum, the hind border and an anterior 
transverse spot on each side of the metasternum, a spot on each 
of the metathoracic episterna, and a transverse spot at each side 
of the first four abdominal segments, densely covered with, yellow 
pubescence : legs red. Antenna; thick, the first five joints red, 
the rest dark brown. Prothorax subglobose, widest just in front 
of the middle ; disc granulate, an obtuse carina along the middle. 
Elytra a little broader than the prothorax, slightly narrowed back- 
wards, dentate at the outer angles of the truncate apex. Meso- 
sternum obtusely tuberculate in the middle. Hind femora ex- 
tending by about one-fifth of their length past the apex of the 
elytra in the $ . 

Length 15|-18 ; breadth -^h-o mm. 

Hah. Assam : Ivhasi Hills. 



281. Xylotrechus incurvatus, Chevr. (Amaurajsthes) Mem. Soc. H. 
Set. de Liege, xviii, p. 331 (1863). 

Densely covered ^ith pubescence, which is of a luteous-yellow 
colour on the head, prothorax and elytra, yellouish white on the 
body beneath ; antennae and legs testaceous, very faintly ])ubes- 
cent ; carinse of the head, five spots on the prothorax and some 
narrow strongly curved bands on the elytra black. Head with 
the lateral carina) short and oblique, not extended downwards 
beyond the level of the upper margin of the anterior ocular lobe ; 
the median carina distinct below, divided above by a narrow 



XYLOTRECnPS. 249 

groove, but becomes single again, thougb mucli finer, on the 
vertex. Antennae reach ahiiost to tlie middle of the elytra in the 
male; third to seventh joints setose posteriori}-- at the apex ; third 
slightly sliorter tlian the first, second a little" longer than broad. 
Prothorax longer than broad, rather feebly rounded at the sides, 
widest in the middle, marked with an elongate median, and two 
small, rounded, lateral black spots on the disc, with another small 
black spot on each side. IScutellum pale yellow. Elytra a little 
broader than the prothorax, narrowed very slightly behind, 
dentate at 'the outer angles of the truncate apex ; the black 
markings arranged on each as follows :—(].) a short narrow baud 
extended back from the shoulder, curved inwards on to the disc 
aud then bent forwards ; (2) a narrow band which begins at or near 
the suture at about one-third from the base, then runs back a 
short distance, diverging at the same time from the suture, whence 
it is curved sharply round so as to run obliquely forwards to the 
side, where it again bends and passes straight out to the margin; 
(3) a narrow band whicli begins at the suture a little behind the 
middle, is directed obliquely forwards to the middle of the disc, 
and then bent so as to run obliquely backwards to the side ; (4) 
a baud similar to the third and placed about midway between it 
and the apex ; (5) a lateral spot a little before the apex. Hind 
femora of the c? extend by about one-fourth of their length 
past the apex of the elytra ; those of the 2 only reach a little 
past it. 

Length 10-15 ; hreadtJi 2^-4 mm. 

Hah. M{in\\mv {Doherty)~; Upper Burma: Xorth Chin Hills 
( Watson). 

282. Xylotrechus contortus, sp. n. 

This species has the structural characters of X. incurvatus, 
Chevr., and a considerable resemblance to it in colour and 
markings ; but the latter differ somewhat in form and position. 
The first elytral band is reduced to two spots, one behind the 
shoulder, the other on the disc ; the second band runs back nearly 
twice as far as it does in X. mcurvatus before it is curved round 
and runs forwards ; the third band forms a much more regular 
arcuate curve ; the fourth reaches neither to the suture nor to the 
outer margin, sometimes reduced to a mere crescentic spot ; also 
it is placed much nearer to the third band than to the apex. 

Length 12-15 ; breadth 3-4 mm. 

Hah. Sikhim ; British Bhutan ; Maniimv (Dohertg). 

283. Xylotrechus subdepressiis, C/icvr. (Amaiuv^stbes) Mem. S'oc. It. 

Sci. dc Lie(je, xviii, p. .jt29 (18(33). 

Densely covered with ochreous-yellow pubescence, varied above 
with dark brown spots and bauds. Head with the inner edge of 
each of the condylar cavities cariniform and slightly oblique, the 



250 CEEAMBYCID,^. 

front wideued below and with a more or less distinct median 
carina placed along a glabrous black spot. Antennae half as long 
as the body in the J ; brownish black, covered with grey pubes- 
cence ; third joint sliorter than the first and a little longer than 
the fourth. Prothorax rounded at the sides, almost as wide in 
the middle as the base of the elytra, a little narrowed towards the 
base ; the disc somewhat asperate, marked just before the middle 
with a black spot. Elytra marked each Avith five darJv brown 
spots, two of which, placed at the middle, sometimes coalesce and 
form an oblique band produced forwards a little at the suture ; 
two of the spots are close to the base — one at the shoulder and 
the other near the scutellum ; the third lunate or crescentic, 
convex posteriorly, at about one-fourth from the base ; the last 
spot, placed a little behind the middle, forms a short transvei'se 
fascia slightly rounded in front and emarginate posteriorly ; 
apices truncate and unarmed. Body beneath covered with yellow 
pubescence. Femora brownish black, rather densely punctulate, 
the hind pair extended beyond the apex of the elytra, more so in 
the (S than in the $ ; tibiae and tarsi testaceous brown ; first 
joint of hind tarsus almost twice as long as the second and third 
united. 

Lenrjth 14-18 ; breadth 4-5 mm. 

Hah. Sikhim : Mungphu (AtJanson) ; Assam : Sylhet and Sib- 
sagar ; Mauipur {Doherty). 



Genus CLYTUS. 

Clytus, Leichartiiig, Verz. Tyrol. Ins. ii, p. 88 (1784) : Fab. Syst. 

Eleuth. ii, p. 345; Lacord. Gen. CoJeopt. ix, p. 67 (1869). 
Europa, Thonis. Essai Class. Ceramh. p. 221 (1861). 
Sphegesthes, Chevr. Mem. Soc. Ii. Sci. de Lieye, xviii, p. 333 (1863). 

Type, C. arietis, Linn., a European species. 

Range. Holarctic Eegion and Xorthern part of the Oriental 
Eegion. 

Head very slightly raised at the sides between the antennae ; 
face vertical, more or less rectangular, not carinate. Antennae 
rather widely separated at the base, much shorter than the body ; 
third joint shorter than the first, longer than the fourth or follow- 
ing joints; seventh or eighth to tenth successively shorter, but as 
thick, or thicker than, the joints preceding them. Pi'othorax 
evenly convex above, strongly rounded at the sides, more or less 
constricted at the base, very slightly, if at all, longer than broad. 
Elytra moderately long, convex above, more or less parallel-sided, 
truncate at the apex. Eemora more or less gradually thickened ; 
the hind pair extended to the apex of the elytra or a little beyond 
it in the 6 , not quite to the apex in the $ . First joint of the 
hind tarsi as long at least as the remaining joints united. Episterua 
of metathorax rather broad, A\'ith the sides nearly parallel for 
about four-fifths of their lenjrth. 



CLTTrS. 



251 



284. Clytiis callizonus, sp. n. 

Head and prothorax brownish black ; the face, except along a 
median line, densely covered with orange-tawny pubescence, a 
narrow border of the same colour beliind the eyes ; prothorax 
with a narro\^' band of pale yellow pubescence at the base ; scutel- 
lum pale yellow. Elytra marked each with three distinct bands of 
yellow or yellowish-white pubescence, the 
apical border also yellow ; the first two 
bands narrow, placed rather close to one 
another between the middle and the base, 
the first strongly oblique, not extended to 
the suture, the second less oblique, some- 
times almost directly transverse, reaches 
to the suture ; the third band placed at a 
short distance behind tlie middle, widened 
a little before it reaches the suture; all the 
intervening space and a narrow border 
behind the third band brownish black 
covered Avith dark tomentum ; from the 
base to the first yellow band the elytra are 
almost bare of pubescence, densely punc- 
tate, somewhat reddish brown in colour, 
from the black border behind the third 
band up to the apical yellow band they 
are covered aa ith tawny-brown tomentum. 
Body beneath brownish black, the last two or three abdominal 
segments somewhat reddish, an oblique spot on each of the 
mesothoracic episterna and a narrow posterior band on each of 
the first two abdominal segments densely covered with yellow 
pubescence ; legs red ; first four joints of the antennae reddish, 
the rest dark brown. Antenna? much less than half the length of 
the body in both sexes, the last seven joints somewhat thickened. 
Prothorax strongly convex, rounded at the sides, constricted at 
the base, shghtly longer than its width across the middle, the 
upper surface with a minutely and very densely granulated 
appearance. Elytra long, truncate at the apex with the angles 
obtuse. Hind femora extended to a little past the apex of the 
elytra in the J , not quite to the apex in the 9 , tibia) equal in 
length to the femora ; first joint of hind tarsus as long as the 
remaining joints united. 

Length 12-15 ; breadth 3-4 mm. 

Hab. Upper Burma : Euby Mines district (Dohcrfy). 




Fig. 91. 

Clytus callizonus, Gahan. 

X g. 



285, Clytus monticola, sp.n. 

Dark brown, tomentose, banded above and below with yellow 
pubescence ; first four or five joints of the antenncT reddish and sub- 
nitid, the rest black-brown and dull ; legs reddish, the femora some- 
times in great part dark bro\A n. Head with a longitudinal band 
on each side of the front and a narrow transverse baud above, of 



252 CEEAMBYCID-i:. 

Yellowish pubescence. Antennae not extended past the basal 
fourth of the elytra, third joint shorter than the first and not 
longer than the fourth. Prothorax rounded at the sides, more 
narrowed towards the base than in front, the disc with a median 
cariniform elevation posteriorly ; a narrow border at the base and 
two transverse bands yellow — one band subniedian, slightly bowed 
backwards in the middle, the other close to the front margin. 
Scutellum pale yellow. Elytra dark brown, reddish at the 
shoulders and near the apex, each with four yellow bands — the 
first short"! and slightly oblique, at one-fourth from the base ; 
the secoud submedian, curved backwards from the suture to the 
middle of the disc and then forwards to the outer margin ; the 
third and fourth directly transverse, placed one at one-fifth and 
the other at two-fifths from the apex. Body beneath dark brown, 
with transverse bauds of yellow pubescence — one on the pro- 
sternum, two on the metasternum, and four or five on the 
abdomen ; a spot ©n each of the meso- and metathoracic episterna 
also yellow. Hind femora not extended to the apex of the elytra; 
first joint of hind tarsus not quite so long as the remaining 
joints united. 

Lenijth 1.5-16 ; breadth 4| mm. 

Bah. Kashmir ; Western Tibet. 



The next thi'ee species are unknown to me. 

286. ClytUS simulator, Xonfried, Berl. ent. Zeit. xxxviii, p. S-10 (1893). 

" Closely resembles C. speciosus ; dark brown in colour and 
densely pubescent. Head aud antennre very short, covered with 
white pubescence, the former with isolated erect long hairs. 
Thorax cylindrical, with a slender elongated callosity in the middle, 
often coarsely punctured and very densely pubescent ; in colour 
grey, except at the base and the lateral margins which are bordered 
with white ; this white edging in two specimens extends only 
along half the length of the thorax. Elytra flat, parallel-sided, 
ending posteriorly in two slender short spines, densely punctured, 
clothed with dark brown pubescence, marked with white as 
follows : — a somewhat dusky white crescentic band close to the 
base across the elytra, over the suture, and extended almost to 
the underside ; another that starts from the scutellum, along the 
suture, aud at about one-third of the lengtli of the elytra diverges 
sharply across at a right angle ; following that a straight trans- 
verse band crosses the whole breadth of the elytra ; finally, t\xo 
white marks at the apex of the suture that are connected along 
the suture with the above by a white streak. Underside slightly 
shining, very finely punctured and clothed with blackish-brown 
pubescence ; the long legs show similar sculpture, especially in 
those forms in which the hind pair are strikingly elongated. 

^^Lctu/fh 14 mm." 

Jlah. ^Maiiinur. 



CLYTUS. 253 

287. Clytus montamis, Nonfried, Berl. cnf. Zeit. xxxviii, p. 337 (1893). 

"Blackish brown, clothed with dense and somewhat lono- 
yellowish-brown pubescence ; the pubescence on the underside 
light yellow, not so dense as on the upperside. The pubescence 
on the head, the autennoe and thorax of even denseness, the eyes 
reddish yellow. The thorax itself is strongly arched, cyhndrical, 
narrowed anteriorly, the sides strongly curved outwards. The 
clypeus rounded, somewhat paler in colour. Elytra parallel-sided 
slightly broader at base, convex, ending posteriorly in two acute 
spines ; very densely and finely punctured, clothed with lone- 
pubescence ; marked with six blackish spots, of which two of 
elongate shape are placed between the pronotal convexity and the 
scutellum, two transversely in the middle, and two rounded ones 
below these. Underside clothed with beautiful light yellow 
pubescence, most densely between the breast and the abdominal 
segments ; in the middle of the breast is a horseshoe-shaped mark 
of red pubescence. Legs whitish on the outer side, yellow beneath, 
the tarsi densely and completely covered with brown pubescence 

" Lengtli 10 mm." 

Hah. Manipur. 



288. Clytus minutissimus, Nonfried, Bed. eat. Zeit. xxxviii p 339 
(1893). ' ^' 

" Dark nut-brown, dull, and densely pubescent, spotted with 
white ; beneath some\\-hat shining, \ ery finely punctured with 
short pubescence ; the lateral margins of the breast and of the 
abdominal segments covered with dense matted pubescence. Head 
with light grey pubescence. Antenna? longer than the head, with 
dull brown pubescence. The collar strongly convex, with rounded 
lateral mai-gins, densely punctured and clothed with matted orev 
pubescence, with here and there solitary erect long hairs, the base 
and the margins narrowly white. Scutellum rounded, very small, 
grey in colour. Elytra massive, convex, parallel-sided, ending 
posteriorly in two very small spines, covered densely with dark 
nut-brown pubescence, spotted ^^■ith Mhite ; the spots are placed 
in the following succession : — one arched spot on the pronotal 
convexity, from whence it extends up to the suture ; a broader 
transverse spot about the middle of the length of the elytra ; and, 
lastly, a whiter spot in the angle of the suture. Underside, espe- 
cially along the whole margin of the breast and abdominal segments, 
with dense white pubescence. Legs long, nut-bro\^n, with very 
short pubescence and erect brown solitary hairs. 

" Lemjih 6 mm." 

Hah. Manipur. 



254- CEBAMBYCID.E. 

Genus PERIS SUS. 

Perissus, Chevr. Mem. Soc. R. ScL de Liege, xviii, p. 262 (1863). 
Amaursestlies, Chevr. (in part.) I. c. p. 327. 

Type, P. X-Iittera, a species from the Aru Is. 

Range. Oriental and Austro-Malayau Eegious ; Kashmir and 
Europe. 

Head very slightly or not at all raised at the sides between the 
antennae, the latter rather widely separated at the base, the distance 
between them almost or quite as great as that between the lower 
lobes o£ the eyes ; face rectangular, not carinate. Antennae 
variable in length, sometimes nearly as long as the body, generally 
very much sliorter. Hind femora extend as a rule past the apex 
of the elytra in both sexes. 

The structural diffei-ences between this genus and some of the 
forms included in Xijlotreclms are very slight. The lateral edges of 
that part of the front which lies between the antenna; are sharp 
and slightly raised, as in Xylotrcchus, but do not extend down- 
wards to the eyes, and form merely the inner rim of the condylar 
cavities. The face has no median carina. The prothorax is 
usually longer and more cyhndrical than in Xylotreclius, and. the 
hind femora extend farther beyond the apex of the elytra. 

289. Perissus fuliginOSUS, Chevr. (AmauriBstbes) Mem. Soc. R. Set. de 
Lieye, xviii, p. 328 (1863). 

Head and prothorax black, with a very faint covering of grey 
pubescence. Elytra dark brown, marked with very narrow bands 
of ashy-grey pubescence ; the first band begins a little behind the 
scutellum, diverges from the suture as it runs backwards some 
distance, and is then curved round so as to extend outwards and a 
little forwards to the side, where it is again bent back just before 
it reaches the outer margin ; the second band curves obliquely 
backwards and outwards from the suture behind the middle, and 
is interrupted near the middle of its course ; the third band 
consists sometimes of two small transverse spots on each elytron, 
and is placed at a short distance before the apex. Antennae extend 
a little past the middle of the elytra in the S , not so far as to the 
middle in the $ ; the first four joints brown and glossy, the rest 
dull, covered shghtly with grey pubescence. Prothorax widest 
behind the middle, narrowed strongly at the base, gradually 
and slightly in front ; the disc rather strongly asperate and 
slightly raised along the middle. Hind femora extend past the 
apex of the elytra slightly in the $ , by nearly a third of their 
length in the 6 . 

Variation. The elytra are sometimes of a paler (somewhat 
reddish-brown) colour between the base and the first band. 

Lencjih 7.]-12 ; breadth 2-3| nnn. 

JIab. Northern India : Alinora ; Tibet. 



PERissus. 255 

290. Perissus laetllS, Lamcere, Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1893, p. 283. 

l\'ri.*-us pi'opriu?, Gahan, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, xxxiv, p. 21 

a 894). 

S . Black ; head and protliorax faintly cohered with grey 
pubescence, tlie prothorax with t\\o black spots or a single large 
transverse one on the middle of the disc ; scutelluiu black, bordered 
with ashy grey. Elytra blackish brown, marked with ashy-grey 
liands ; the first band crosses at the base from the scutellum to the 
humeral depression, and is there turned slightly backwards; the 
second begins at the suture a little behind the scutellum, diverges 
from the suture as it passes backwards for some distance, then 
curves round and takes an anterior and outward direction, where 
it is again sharply bent backwards just before it reaches the outer 
margin ; the third band is placed just behind the middle, it is 
narrow and slightly oblique in its outer half, produced in an angle 
both anteriorly and posteriorly at the suture ; the fourth is a 
rather broad, somewhat oblique band placed at the apex. Body 
beneath closely covered with ashy-white pubescence ; legs black, 
faintly covered with grey pubescence. Prothorax rounded at the 
sides, widest just behind the middle ; strongly but rather sparsely 
asperate above. Antennae reach a little past the middle of tlie 
elytra. The hind femora extend past the apex of the elytra by 
nearly one-third of their length. 

§ . Elytral bands similar in form and position to those of the d , 
but of a yellowish-grey iustead of au ashy-grey colour. Prothorax 
with an ill-defined, slightly curved, longitudinal band of yellowish- 
grey pubescence along each side of the disc. Antenniie not reaching 
to the middle of the elytra. The hind femora are more slender 
than in the d ^nd extend only a little past the apex of the elytra. 

The single specimen described by Lameere has the elytral bands 
coloured as in the $ , and has also two yellowish-grey bands on 
the prothorax. He may possibly have been mistaken in regarding 
the type as a c? ; but it is not very unusual to find specimens of 
both sexes sometimes coloured alike in species where usually there 
is a sexual dilfei'ence in coloration. 

Length 9-11 ; breadth 2h-i mm. 

Hah. Assam : Patkai Mts. (Doherti/) ; Tenasserim :. Thagata 
(Fi^a) ; Siam ; Cambodia : Pnomhpenh (Jlouhot). 

Var. adhcerens. — Agrees with the type in structure and colour, 
but differs in the form of the second and third elytral bands. 
The second baud begins behind the scutellum, remains close to the 
sutui"e as it passes backwards, and becomes gradually wider poste- 
riorly ; it then gives off a curved branch which i'ollo\^'s the same 
course as the corresponding baud in the type ; the third band, that 
behind the middle, is not dilated in the form of a triangle at the 
suture, but is somewhat arcuate in shape, broader in the middle 
and narrowed at the sides ; a \evy narrow sutural band extends 
from it in front, and another posteriorly. 



256 CEEAMBYCID^. 

Lenr/th 9-12 : breadth 2k-3 mm. 

Hah. Upper Burma : Euby Mines district (DoJierti/), Xorth 
Chin Hills ( Watson) ; Java. 

201. PerissuS persimilis, Gahan, Ann. 3In.s. Civ. Genova, xxxiv, p. 23 

(1894). 

This species has a considerable x'esemblance to P. Icetus, Lameere, 
but differs from it by the following characters : — Prothorax more 
cylindrical, not bulging out at the sides, without a black transverse 
space above. Scutellum entirely covered with ashy-grey pubes- 
cence- The second baud on the elytra begins a little behind the 
scutellum, diverges more widely from the suture as it passes 
backwards, then curves round, and reaches the outer margin 
without undergoing a second bend. 

Levgth 8 mm. 

Bab. Tenasserim : Thagata (Fea). 



292. Perissus nilgiriensis, sp. n. 

Black ; head and prothorax faintly covered with greyish pubes- 
cence. Elytra dull black, tomentose, with four bands of ashy-grey 
pubescence — the first band extends transversely at the base for a 
short distance from the scutellum, which also is ashy grey in 
colour ; the second band begins at the suture a little behind the 
scutellum, curves backwards to the middle of the disc, which it 
reaches at about one-third from the base, and then bends round so 
as to run obliquely towards the outer margin ; the third band is 
placed transversely at a short distance behind the middle, and 
gradually widens out towards the suture ; the fourth band is at 
the apex. Body beneath ashy grey, whitish at the sides of the 
metathorax and abdomen, with a white spot on the mesotho- 
racic episterna. Antennae slightly longer than half the body in 
the 2 5 extending to the apical fourth of the elytra in the d" ; last 
seven joints a little dilated. Prothorax subcyliudrical, narrowed 
at base, scarcely narrowed in front, almost as broad as the elytra ; 
the disc strongly but somewhat sparsely asperate, subglabrous 
along the middle. The hind femora extend past the apex of the 
elytra by a third of their length in the d . First joint of hind 
tarsi more than twice the length of the second and third united. 

Length 7-8 ; breadth 2 mm. 

Bab. Southern India : Nilgiri Hills {Sir G. F. Hamjison). 

293. Perissus niutabilis, Gahan, Ann. Mas. Civ. Gmovn, xxxiv, p. 23 

(1894). 

Head and prothorax varies in colour from ferruginous red to 
black, faintly covered with greyish pubescence, the prothorax with 
a transverse subnude space on the middle of the disc, the basal 



PEiiissus. 257 

margin on each side white; scutellum white; elytra dull velvety 
black, banded with ashy and grey pubescence ; the first band 
begins at the suture just behind the scutellum, passes obliquely 
backwards, then diverges from the suture, and turns almost trans- 
versely towards the outer margin, which it nearly reaches ; the 
second is a transverse or slightly arcuate baud of an ashy-white 
colour, w hich crosses at about the middle and gradually widens 
towards the suture ; the third is a transverse band of a darker 
grey colour, which covers a little more than the apical fifth of the 
elytra. Body beneath with the first two abdominal segments and 
two bands on each side of the breast, one longitudinal the other 
oblique, ashy white ; the hinder segments of the abdomen covered 
with dark grey pubescence. Head minutely granulose, not raised 
between the antenna*, the front regularly rounded off above so as 
to form a continuous curve with the vertex. The antennae extend 
some distance beyond the muldle of the elytra in the (S , not to 
the middle in § ; apical joints slightly thickened in $ . The hind 
femora extend past the apex of the elytra by more than a third of 
their length in the c5" , and by about one fourth of their length in 
the $ . 

Length 8-14; breadth 2-4 mm. 

Ilah. Sikhim ; Burma : Euby Mines district (Doherty) ; Tenas- 
serim : Thagata (Fea) ; 8iam. 



294. Perissus aper, Clievr. (Xylotrechus) Man. Soc. E. Sci. de Liege, 
xviii, p. 326 (1863). 

Black ; head covered with ashy-grey pubescence, an elongate 
median spot on the face and two small rounded spots on the vertex 
glabrous ; prothorax with a broad longitudinal black band that 
extends along the middle of the disc and gradually widens poste- 
riorly, the sides and the rest of the disc densely covered with ashy- 
grey pubescence; scutellum white; elytra marked each with a 
short, nari'ow, median, ashy-grey vitta at the base and two oblique 
ashy-grey bands, the first a little before, the second behind the 
middle, the first band interrupted near the middle of its length, 
the second prolonged anteriorly along the suture ; from the second 
band a sutural vitta of the same colour extends to the apex, 
widening out a little posteriorly ; body beneath black, densely 
covered with ashy-grey pubescence at the sides and between and 
behind the middle coxse. Head densely punctate on the glabrous 
black spots, the spot oa the face sometimes marked with a few 
verv feebly raised lines. Antennae less than half the length of the 
body, the last seven joints thickened and opaque, first four sub- 
uitid, third shorter than first, scarcely longer than fourtli. Pro- 
thorax subcylindrical, longer than broad, narrower than the elytra. 
Elytra gradually and slightly narrowed from base to apex ; outer 
ano-les of the truncate apex feebly dentate. Hind femora extend 
by nearly one-third of their length past the apex of the elytra in 

TOL. I. S 



258 CEEAMBTCID.E. 

the (S , slightly past the apex in the $ . First joint of the hind 
tarsus about equal in length to the remaining joints united. 

Length 9-11 ; breadth 24-3 mm. 

Hab. Southern India : Nilgiri Hills, Madras. 

295. Perissus dohertii, sp. n. 

Head, prothorax and elytra densely covered with j'ellowish-grey 
pubescence ; the elytra marked each with a small dark brown spot 
close to the shoulder, another at the side just behind the shoulder ; 
a narrow dark brown band crosses the disc obliquely backwards 
from near the suture to the side and there is slightly bent round ; 
a second narrow dark brown band crosses the disc transversely a 
little behind the middle; body beneath covered with luteous-white 
pubescence ; legs and antenn?e reddish. Antennae of 5 less than 
half the length of the body ; third joint slightly shorter than the 
first, longer than the fourth, sixth to tenth gradually thicker, 
Prothorax ovate-cylindrical, narrowed at base, almost as w"ide in 
the middle as the base of the elytra. Elytra parallel-sided. The 
femora of 5 extend a little past the apex of the elytra. 

Length 8 ; breadth 2 mm. 

Hab. Manipur (Doherti/), 

296. Perissus myops, CJieir. Mem. Soc. R. Sci. de Licfje, sviii, p. 267 

(1863). 

Eather narrow ; densely covered above with ashy-grey pubes- 
cence ; prothorax with two small black spot? just before the 
middle ; scutelhim white ; elytra mai'ked along each side Avith 
three large, nearly equidistant, black spots ; these spots extend 
from the outer margin up to or a little beyond the middle of the 
disc, the first behind the shoulder, the second at the middle, the 
third at some distance from the apex ; body beneath covered with 
ashy-white pubescence at the sides ; abdomen with a black band 
along the middle ; legs and antennae black, faintly covered with 
ashy-grey pubescence. The antennae reach about to the posterior 
thu'd of the elytra. Prothorax subcylindrical, longer than broad. 
Elytra transversely truncate at the apex, outer angles subacute, 
the sutural ones obtuse. 

Length 9 ; breadth 2| mm. 

Hab. Ceylon : Dikoya district {G. Lewis). 

This species at first sight might be readily mistaken for Dcmonax 
wallceri, Pasc, owing to its great similarity in size, form, colour 
and markings, and attention should be paid to the generic differ- 
ence in the .structure of the head and antennae in order to 
distinguish between them, 

297. Perissus parvulus, sp. n. 

Blackish brown, varying sometimes to reddish brown ; antennae 
with the first few joints testaceous, the rest dark brown ; pro- 



ISCHNODORA. 259 

thorax very narrowly bordered with yellow pubescence at tht 
front margin and at the sides of the basal margin ; scutellum 
yellow ; elytra ferruginous at the base, each marked with two 
rather narrow bands of yellow pubescence — the first obliquely 
transverse, placed a little before the middle, the second directly 
transverse, at an equal distance behind the middle ; the first band 
narrowed and slightly curved forwards at its inner end, not 
reaching to the suture, the second gradually widened towards the 
suture, which it reaches. Antennae distant at base, extending 
little past the base of the elytra in the $ , the last seven joints 
gradually thicker. Prothorax as wide in the middle as the base of 
the elytra, narrowed towards the base, and only very slightly in 
front, its length not greater than its width at the middle, the 
surface very closely punctate all over. Body beneath dark brown, 
«ith spots of yellow pubescence on the episterna of the meso- and 
metathorax and on the sides of the first two abdominal segments. 
Hind femora of 5 reach a httle past the apex of the elytra. 
Pirst joint of hind tarsi longer than the remaining joints united. 

Leiuith 5|-S| ; breadth l\-2 mm. 

Hah. Ceylon: Dikoya district {G. Lewis), Peradeniya {E. E, 
Greeii). 

Genus ISCHNODORA. 

Ischnodora, Chevr. Mem. Soc. R. Set. de Liege, xviii, p. 332 (1863) ; 
Lacord.Gen. Coleopt. ix, p. 72 (1869). 

Type, I. macra, Chevr. 

Bcunje. India. 

Head subvertical in front; antennal supports feebly raised, 
widely separated. Antennae not reaching to the middle of the 
elytra, slender ; third joint longer than the first or fourth, fifth 
subequal to the third, sixth to eleventh successively shorter and 
thicker. Prothorax subcylindrical, much longer than broad, slightly 
wider in the middle. Elytra long, narrowed slightly from the 
base for about one-third of their length, parallel-sided for the rest, 
scarcely or not at all narrowed at the apex, which is very broadly 
truncate ; vertically deflexed at the sides in the anterior third, the 
deflexed part gradually widened towards the base. 

29S. Ischnodora macra, Chevr. Mem. Soc. R. Set. de Lieae, xviii, p. 332 
(1863). 

Long and narrow, brownish black ; head and prothorax with a 
very faint grey pubescence ; scutellum bordered with white pubes- 
cence ; each elytron marked with two narrow pale bands covered 
with white pubescence — the first band begins near tlie scutellum, 
runs close by the suture for a short distance, then slightly diverges 
from it and at about one-third from the base turns and extends 
obliquely to the outer margin ; the second is placed a little behind 
the middle and crosses obliquely from the suture to the outer 

s2 



260 CEEAMBYCIDyi:, 

margin ; the apex is broadly but not very densely covered with 
white pubescence so as to form a third band ; the derm beneath 
is, however, not pale as in the case of the other two bands. Head 
and prothorax very closely and rather finely punctured ; disc of 
prothorax sparsely granulate. Body beneath dark brown, with 
spots of white pubescence on the mesosternum and metathoracic 
episterna, and four narrow transverse bands on the abdomen. 

Length 12| ; breadth 2 mm. 

Mab. Assam : Khasi Hills. 



Genus CALOCLYTUS. 

Anthoboscus, Chevr. (iu purt.), Aim. Soc. Ent. Fr. (3) viii, p. 4oo 

(1860). 
Chlorophorus, Chevr. {nee Rohinean-Desvoidy), Mem. Soc. H. Set. de 

Liege, xviii, p. 290 (1863). 
Isotomus, Midsant (jiec JBlanch.), Coleopt. de France, Lom/ic. ed. 2, 

p. 143 (1863-4). 
Caloclytus, Fairm. rn Jac. du Fid. S^- Fainn. Gen. CoUopt. d^Eurojje, 

iv, p. 145 (1864). 
Clytaiitbus, Thorns, (in part.) Sijst. Ceramb. p. 190 (1864) : Lacurd. 

"(in part.) Gen. Colcopt. ix, p. 68 (1869). 

Type, G. speciosus, Schneid., a European species. 

Banr/e. Paljearctic and Oriental Eegions, a few species occur in 
Australia and Africa. 

Head with a shglit, subacute elevation on each side between the 
antenna3. Antennae rather closely approximated at the base, the 
distance between them distinctly less than that between the lower 
lobes of the eyes ; variable iu length, but nearly always shorter 
than the body, very rarely extending to the apex of the elytra in 
the S , not spined at the apex of the joints. Prothorax oblong- 
oval or subglobular, longer than broad. Elytra moderately long, 
truncate at the apex, with the outer angles dentate. Eemora 
more or less gradually thickened ; the hind femora usually extend 
past the apex of the elytra in both sexes ; middle femora iu many 
of the species, the hind pair also in some, furnislied with a tine 
carina along each side. Eirst joint of the hind tarsi much longer 
as a rule than the next two joints united. 

This genus includes a very large number of species, which are 
generally a little narrower and less robust than those of Chjtus and 
Xylotrechus, with the antenna; somewhat longer, less thick, and 
much more closely approximated to one another at the base. In 
the type, C. .speciosvs, the antenna^ are longer than usual, and in 
other respects also this species is by no means typical of the great 
majoritv of the forms included in the genus. The name Clytan- 
rhus, Thoms., by which the genus is generally known, has a 
doubtful priority over Caloclytus, but should, in my ojiinion, be 
restricted to certain Central-American forms that agree in struc- 
ture with C. tricolor, Chevr., the species indicated by Thomson as 
the type of his genus. 



CALOCLTTUS. 261 



299. Caloclytus annularis, Fah. (Callidium) Mant. his. i, p. 156 

(1787): id. (Clytus) Syst. Eleuth. W, p. 352 (1801); Lap. et 
Gonj (Clvtus), ilid. Nat. et Iconogv. des Ins. C'o/eopt. (Mon. du 
f/enre Cljtus), p. 102, pi. 19, fi^^ 121(1841); CJirvr. [Chlovn- 
phorus), Me)7i. Soc. R. Sci. de Liege, xviii, p. 290 (1863). 

Eatlier deusely covered above with yellow pubescence, varied 
with dark brown or ahnost black markings, distributed as 
follows: — three spots on the pronotum — one median, bifurcated 
posteriorly, and one, obUquely oval, on each side before the 
middle ; two bands and a rounded spot on each elytron, tlie first 
band somewhat elliptical in form, with its longer axis extending 
from near the shoulder to the middle third ; the second band 
transverse, submedian, curved forwards along the suture about 
halfway to the base, expanded at its outer end into an oblique 
spot which reaches to the elliptical band in front and is united 
to it by a narrow point : the round spot lies about midway between 
the submedian band and the apex, aud appro.iches more closely to 
the outer margin than to the suture. Body beneath with a dense 
whitish pubescence that covers almost the whole surface in the 
S , and forms more or less extensive spots at the sides in the $ ; 
the first three or four joints reddish brown, the rest darker, all 
faintly pubescent. Prothorax subglobose, as wide in the middle 
as the base of the elytra ; marked with a fuscous spot on each side 
near the base, in addition to the black spots on the disc. Elytra 
truncate and quadridentate at the apex. Legs somewhat variable 
in colour, usually reddish brown, with the hind femora, except 
near the base, and the tibia3 to some extent, blackish ; middle 
femora carinate on each side, the hind pair not carinate. 

Length 10-15 ; breadth '2^-4: mm. 

Hai). Northern India, from the North-west to Assam ; Burma ; 
Siam ; thence extending northwards to China and Japan, aud 
southwards through the Malay Peninsula and Archipelago to 
New Guinea. 

300. Caloclytus Sagittarius, sp. n. 

Densely covered above with yellow ]uibescence, varied with dark 
brown markings ; prothorax with a median band that reaches from 
near the base to a Httle past the middle and there widens out 
in two rounded lobes ; an arcuate baud curves outwards from the 
front end of the median band to the middle of each side, and there 
joins an anterior spot; elytra each with (1) a short vitta that 
begins near the base, passes backwards, and then curves outwards 
and turns back towai-ds the shoulder, so as to join there a small 
subhumeral spot ; (2) a transverse median band, prolonged in a 
triangle both at the suture and at the outer end ; and (3) a trans- 
verse band near the apex, wider at the outer end and narrowed 
slightlv towards the suture. Antennae about three-fourths _ of 
the length of the body, reddish brown, covered with greyish 



262 CEBAMBYCIDJ!. 

pubescence ; third joint not longer than the fourth, Prothorax sub- 
globose, scarcely longer than broad, as wide in the middle as the 
base of the elytra. Prosternum, the epiuiera of the meso- and 
nietathorax, two transA'erse bands on each side of the metasternum 
and a spot at each side of the first four abdominal segments 
densely covered with luteous-white pubescence. Legs reddish 
brown, faintly pubescent ; middle and hind femora less distinctly 
carinate on each side; first joint of the hind tarsus not quite so 
long as the other joints united. 

Lenr/th 12 ; breadth 3 mm. 

ITab. Ceylon. 

301. Caloclytus agnatus, Chevr. (Cbloropliorus) Man. Sue. It. Sci. de 
Liege, xviii, p. 292 (1863). 

Densely covered above with ochreous-yello\^" pubescence, varied 
with black or dark brown markings disposed as follows : — a median 
cordate spot on the disc of the prothorax and a smaller rounded 
spot on each side just before the middle : two short vittaj near the 
base, a transverse band at the middle and a spot near the apex of 
each elytron ; the outer and shorter of the two basal vittte passes 
obliquely backwards from the shoulder on the side of the elytron ; 
the inner vitta, placed on the disc, is curved "with its convex side 
tow ards the suture ; the median band is enlarged at its outer end 
and there forms an oblong spot at the margin, at its inner end it 
is bent obliquely forwards before it reaches the suture ; the pre- 
apical spot is wider on the outer side where it touches the margin, 
and rounded on the inner side, which is somewhat removed from 
the sutin-e. Antennae about half as Jong as the body in the $ , a 
little longer in the d , brownish-testaceous in colour, with a faint 
greyish pubescence. Prothorax longer than broad, as wide in the 
middle as tlie base of the elytra. Elytra very feebly dentate at 
the angles of the truncate apex. Body beneath nearly covered 
with a dense yellowish-white pubescence. Legs variable in colour 
from ferruginous to dark brown, with a faint covering of yellowish- 
grey pubescence; middle femora carinate on each side, the hind 
pair without carinse ; first joint of hind tarsus not longer than the 
remaining joints united. 

Lenfjtli S-11; breadth 2\-2h mm. 

Hah. Southern India : Nilgiri and Anaimalai Hills. 



302. Caloclytus jucundus, Perroad (Clvtus ), Ann. Soc. Linn, de Lyon, 
(2) ii, p. ;_i29 (1855). 
Cbloro))horiis cognatu?, Chevr. Mem. Soc. JR. Sci. de Liege, xviii, 

p. 291 (18G3). 
Var. Chlorophorus nepos, Chevr. I. c. p. 293. 

Densely covered above with an ochreous-yellow pubescence, 
varied w ith black markings : — an elongated median spot on the disc 
of the prothorax reaches from near the front margin to a little 



CALOCLTTUS. 



263 




Fig. 92. 

Calodytus jucundus, 
Perr. X 1. 



past the middle, where it is dilated, with a notch posteriorly so as 
to form two small lobes, and a round spot on each side before the 
middle ; on each elytron a transverse median band, three angulate 
spots (t\\-o anterior and one posterior) between it and the base, 
and one larger rounded spot between it 
and the apex ; the transverse band is 
slightly enlarged posteriorly at its outer 
end, which reaches the margin and is pro- 
duced forwards so as to form a narrow 
triangle at the suture ; of the three ante- 
rior spots, the tirst is on the shoulder and 
reaches to the basal margin ; the second, 
more elongate, is on the inner part of the 
disc and is usually united posteriorly by a 
very short, narrow, oblique line or point 
with the third spot, which lies on the outer 
part of the disc: the posterior rounded 
spot reaches to the outer margin, but not 
to the suture. [In the variety— C. nepos, 
Chevr.— this posterior spot is divided longi- 
tudinally by a narrow yellow line, and the 
median baiid also is interrupted by a yellow 
line near its outer end.] x^ntennaj half as long as the body, 
blackish, with a faint grey pubescence. Prothorax longer than 
broad, almost as wide in the middle as the base of the elytra. 
Elytra feebly dentate at the angles of the truncate apex. Body 
beneath blackish, with a faint grey pubescence in the middle and 
a dense whitish pubescence on the episterna, the borders of the 
metasterjuim and the sides of the abdominal segments. Legs 
varying in colour from black to reddish brown, with_ a faint 
covering of grey pubescence ; middle femora, and the hind ones 
more feebly, carinate on each side ; first joint of. the hind tarsus 
not so long as the remaining joints united. 
Lear/th 10-15 ; hrcadtli 3-4 mm. 

Hah. Southern India : Madras, 8himoga, Mysore. Chevrolat has 
given Svlhet, no doubt erroneously, as the locality of C. cognatus 
and -'Inde anglaise" as the locality of C. nepos. An example of 
the latter form in M. Oberthiir's" collection, that agrees exactly 
with the type, is labelled Trichiuopoly. 

303. Caloclytus arciferus, Chevr. (Amam-festhes) Mejn. Soc. Ji. Sci. de 
Lieye, xviii, p. 330 (1863). 

Densely covered above with an ochreous-yellow pubescence, 
varied with black markings disposed as follows :— a median bilobed 
spot on the disc of the prothorax and a small spot on each side 
just before the middle ; three bands on each elytron : the first 
curved inwards from the shoulder passes backwards along the 
disc rather nearer to the suture than to the side, then curves out- 
wards and ends near the edge of the disc at about a third of its 



264 CHEAMBYCID^. 

length from the base ; the second band is narrow, transverse, 
median, with a spot-liJie dilatation at the suture and another at 
the outer end, which is slightly removed from the margin ; the 
third band, also narrow and transverse, is placed a little nearer to 
the apex than to the median band. Antenuse about half as loug 
as the body, blackish, with a grey pubescence. Prothorax longer 
than broad, strongly rounded at the sides, not quite so wide in 
the middle as the base of the elytra. Elytra truncate at the apex, 
feebly dentate at the angles. Body beneath greyish pubescent 
along the middle, more densely pubescent and whitish at the sides. 
Legs black, with greyish pubescence ; middle and hind femora 
carinate on each side, the hind pair feebly so. 

Length 11-14; breadth 3^-4 mm. 

Eah. Darjeeliag; Bhutan. 



304. Caloclytus socius, sp. n. 

Densely covered above with ochreous-yellow pubescence, varied 
with black markings disposed on each elytron as follows : — a short 
dorsal vitta that begins near the base and is curved outwards at 
its posterior end ; a humeral spot that extends to the basal margin 
and a marginal spot just below and behind the shoulder ; a spot 
at the middle of each side, from which a transverse band extends 
to the suture and bends obliquely forwards just before reaching it ; 
lastly a large rounded spot between the median baud and the 
apex. Antennae half as long as the body, black, covered with 
cinereous-grey pubescence. Prothorax oblong-ovate, not so wide 
as tlie base of the elytra. Elytra feebly dentate at the truncate 
apex. Body beneath A^ith a yellowish-white pubescence that 
covers most of the surface. Legs black with greyish pubescence ; 
middle femora carinate on each side, the hind pair more 
feebly so ; first joint of the hind tarsus as long as the other 
joints united. 

Lemjth, 15 ; breadth 4 mm. 

Hab. Darjeeling. 



305. Caloclytus distinguendus, Porroud (Clytus), Ai^yi. Soc. Linn, de 
L]ion (2) ii, p. .331 (1855) ; Cherr. (Rbaphuma) Mem. Soc. R. Set. 
de Liege, xviii, p. 282 (1863). 
J'ar. Rhaphuma riissicollis, Chevr. I. c. p. 282. 

Head and prothorax red, clothed with short, sparse, fulvous- 
yellow pubescence, the head sometimes (var. russicoUis) blackish ; 
elytra densely covered with yellow pubescence, varied with black 
markings, disposed on each as follows: — a curved band that 
begins at the shoulder, runs back a short distance and then curves 
round so as to extend forward on the disc not quite up to the 
base ; a transverse band at the middle, prolonged anteriorly in a 
narrow triangle both at the suture and at the outer margin ; a 



CALOCLTTUS. 265 

large spot between the middle and the apex, rounded on the 
inner side, widened, especially posteriorly, towards the outer 
margin, which it reaches. Autennte of the 6 reach beyond the 
middle of the elytra, reddish in colour, sometimes (var. russicoUis) 
with the first joint black ; third joint not longer than the first or 
fourth. Protiiorax ovate-cylindrical, narrower than the elytra. 
Bodv beneath black, with the pro- and mesosterna, the episterna, 
the "borders of the metasternum and a lateral spot on each of the 
abdomiual segments covered with a rather dense whitish pubes- 
cence. Legs ferruginous red, the femora sometimes (var. russi- 
coUis) pitchy black; middle femora carinate on each side, the 
hind pair not carinate; first joint of hind tarsus slightly longer 
than the remaining joints united. 

Lenr/tJi 10-14 ; breadth 3-4| mm. 

Hab. Southern India : Pondicherry and Xilgiri Hills. 

306. Caloclytus rubricollis, Lap. et Gonj (Clytui-), Hist. Nat. et Iconof/r. 
des Lis. Coleopt. {Mon. du Genre Clytus), p. 88, pi. 16, tig. 102. 
Var. audamanicus, var. nov. 

Head black, prothorax red ; elytra black or very dark brown, 
with ashy-grey bands; one crosses the base from near the 
shoulder, passes along the suture for a short distance and then 
turns so as to cross the elytron in a slightly oblique direction to 
the outer margin ; a second transverse band some way behind the 
middle and a third at the apex; in addition to the bands there is 
a small, round, grey spot on the disc of each elytron close to the 
shoulder. Antennte reach to the middle of the elytra ; the first 
five joints are black; the rest reddish, closely covered with ashy- 
grey pubescence. Prothorax oblong-ovate, about one-fifth longer 
than broad, narrower than the base of the elytra. Elytra dentate 
at the angles of the truncate apex. Body beneath (the prothorax 
excepted) black, with the episterna, two transverse bands on the 
metasternum and one at the hind border of each of the first two 
abdominal segments, covered with dense white pubescence. Legs 
black, with a very faint grey pubescence ; middle and hind femora 
carinate on each side. 

Length 14^ ; breadth 3 mm. 

Hab. Burma : North Chin Hills ; Malay Peninsula ; Java. 

Yar. andamanicus. DiSers from the type as follows : — The legs 
and antenna red ; the elytra reddish brown, especially near the 
base, and the grey bands somewhat wider. 

Hab. Andaman Islands. 

307. Caloclytus alboscutellatus, CJieir. (Anthoboscus) 3/tw. <Soc. ^. 
Sci. de Lief/e, xviii, p. 307 (1863). 

Densely covered above Avith grey pubescence, ashy-grey on the 
elytra, somewhat darker on the head and prothorax ; scutellum 
white ; elytra with three transverse black bands—one at the base, 



266 CEEAMBYCID.^. 

one at the middle and the third a httle before the apex. Antennae a 
little longer than half the body, black, covered with grey pubes- 
cence ; third joint subeqnal in length to the first and locger than 
the fourth. Prothorax about one-fourth longer than broad, 
rounded at the sides, not so wide in the middle as the base of 
the elytra. Elytra dentate at the outer angles of the truncate 
apex. Jjody beneath black with a faint grey pubescence, but with 
the first two abdominal segments, more or less, and spots on the 
middle and hind breast covered with dense white pubescence. 
Legs black with a faint grey pubescence ; middle femora feebly 
carinate posteriorly, and near the apex in front ; hind femora not 
carinate ; first joint of the hind tarsus shorter than the remaining 
joints united. 

Length 9 ; breadth 3 mm. 

Hab. Southern India : Nilgiri Hills. 

308. Caloclytus 14-maculatus, Cherr. (Antboboscus) Mem. Soc. JR. 

Set. de Lieyc, xviii, p. 295 (1863). 

Dei:isely covered ^ith yellowish-grey or ashy-gre}' pubescence, 
varied with black spots — four on the prothorax and five on each 
elytron. Of the prothoracic spots two are placed side by side 
very closely behind the middle and one on each side just before the 
middle ; the elytral spots are placed — one, large and transverse, 
at the middle, three smaller between this and the base, and one 
almost equally large and transverse between it and the apex ; 
one oE the three anterior spots is at the side and equidistant from 
the other two, which lie, one before the other, on the disc. 
Antennae half as long as the body, black, veiled with a grey 
pubescence ; third joint longer than the fourth, but scarcely as 
long as the first. Prothorax oblong-ovate, not quite so wide in 
the middle as the base of the elytra. Elytra feebly dentate at 
the outer angles of the truncate apex. Body beneath covered 
with a dense white pubescence, except on the middle of the breast, 
which has a thinner and darker pubescence. Legs black, with 
grey pubescence ; middle femora feebly carinate on both sides ; 
first joint of the hind tarsus not so long as the remaining joints 
united. 

Variation. The black spots on the elytra vary in size, and in 
some cases are so large that the elytra might be described as 
black, interrupted by narrow bands of grey pubescence. 

Length 8-16; breadth 2^-3 ram. 

Hab. Southern India : Kilgiri Hills. 

309. Caloclytus moestus, Chnr. (Anthoboscus) Mem. <Soc. li. Sci. de 

Li^ye, xviii, p. ."iOO (18U3). 

Black ; head covered ^ith ashy-grey ])ubescence ; prothorax 
dark grey, with a large black spot on the middle of the disc 
united by a transverse band to a smaller, round, black spot on 



CALOCLTTFS. 267 

each side ; scutellum white ; elytra marked with au oblong ashy- 
grey spot behind the scutellum, another at each shoulder, a 
narroA\-, obliqueh' transverse band on each a little behind 
thes(% a transverse band behind the middle widened gradually 
towards the suture and a broad ashy-grey band at the apex. 
Body beneath black, glossy, with a large transverse spot on the 
prosternum ; the episterna of the meso- and metathorax, the 
middle of the mesosternuui, the sides and hind border of the 
metasternnm, and a transverse band at the hind border of each of 
the first two abdominal segments, densely covered with white 
pubescence. Antennse about half the length of the body ; fifth 
to eighth joints ashy grey, the rest dark bro\An. Prothorax 
globose, alveolate-punctate. Elytra scarcely so wide as the pro- 
thorax and not more than t^^■ice as long. Middle femora with a 
fine carina along each side ; hind femora not carinate, extending 
a little past the apex of the elytra in the 5 • First joint of hind 
tarsi about equal to the remaining joints united. 

Lewftli 9 ; breadth 3| mm. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Southern India : Pondicherry. 

310. Caloclytus melancholicus, Chevr. (Anthoboscus) Mem. Soc. R. 

Sci. de Lieyv.1 xviii, p. 299 (1863). 

Yery closely allied to G. moestus, Chevr., and of the same 
colour ; the chief and almost only difference is in the ashy- 
white markings of the elytra. These consist of a small oblong- 
spot at each shoulder, a narrow band that begins behind the 
scutellum, continued a short distance along the suture, and then 
curved outwards to each side ; a transverse band behind the 
middle which is more strongly produced anteriorly at the suture 
than the corresponding band in C moestus, and a broad apical 
band. The species is relatively a little longer and narrower than 
C. moesttts, but agrees with it in structural details. 

Length 11 ; breadth 3 mm. 

Hah. Ceylon. 

311. Caloclytus dohertii, sp. n. 

Black ; densely covered with pubescence which is of a greenish- 
yellow colour on the head, prothorax and elytra and of a somewhat> 
brighter yellow coloiu' on the body beneath : elytra marked each 
with four or five rather small black spots — two close to the base, 
one, transverse, at the middle and one halfway between the 
middle and the apex ; the fifth spot, when present, placed a little 
behind the basal two ; antennae and legs covered with ashy-grey 
pubescence. Antennae reach to the middle of the elytra in the $ , 
to a short distance beyond it in the J ; third joint subequal in 
length to the first and scarcely longer than the fourth, fifth sub- 
equal to the third in 5 , slightly longer in c^ . Prothorax oblong- 
ovate, not so wide iu the middle as the base of the elytra. Elytra 



26S CEKAIMBYCIB.E. 

very feebly dentate at the angles of the truncate apex. Middle 
femora feebly carinate along each side ; hind femora extending a 
little past the apes of the elytra in both sexes. First joint of the 
hind tarsi very slightly longer than the remaining joints united. 

Ltivjtli 10-13 mm. 

Eal. Upper Burma : Euby Mines district {Doliertij). 

312. Caloclytus patricius, sp. n. 

Densely covered above with sulphur-yellow pubescence, varied 
with black and dark-brown markings disposed as follo\\s : — a 
median tripartite black spot with one portion in front and two 
behind, on the disc of the prothorax and a round black spot on 
each side before the middle ; four dark brown spots on each 
elytron — one, lateral, that passes obliquely downwards from the 
shoulder ; the second, shaped like an inverted comma, on the disc 
near the base ; the third, transverse, at the middle, narrowed 
somewhat towards the suture without reaching it ; the fourth about 
midway between the third and the apex, rounded on the inner 
side and prolonged at the outer margin almost up to the apex. 
Antennae reddish brown, less than half the length of the body. 
Prothorax a little longer than broad, as wide in the middle as the 
base of the elytra, marked with a fuscous spot on each side near 
the base, in addition to the black spots visible from above. Body 
beneath densely covered with whitish pubescence, the segments of 
the abdomen narrowly black at the front borders. Legs testa- 
ceous, with the hind tibiae and apex of the hind femora dark 
brown ; femora not carinate ; first joint of the hind tarsus a little 
longer than the rest united. 

Length 10-11; breadth 3 mm. 

Hah. Western India : Belgaum. 

313. Caloclytxis cingalensis, sp. u. 

Densely covered above with leaden-grey pubescence, the scu- 
telluiu whitish and the thorax and elytra Mith black markings 
disposed as follows : a transversely oval median black spot on the 
disc of the prothorax and a smaller round spot on each side before 
the middle ; a humeral black spot on each elytron, united at the 
base with a short dorsal vitta which is expanded and slightly 
curved outwards at its hinder end ; a transverse spot or band at 
the middle that does not reach the suture and is expanded before 
and behind at the outer margin ; a large spot between the middle 
and apex, rounded on the inner side and widened towards the 
outer margin. Antennae a little longer than half the body ; black, 
with grey pubescence, which is denser and more whitish on the 
last six joints ; third joint subequal in length to the first and 
somewhat longer than the fourth. Prothorax subglobose, very 
little longer than broad, as wide in the middle as the base of 
the elytra. Elytra dentate at the outer angles of the truncate 



CALOCLXTUS. 269 

apex. Body beneath black, covered with a faint grey pubescence; 
the episterua of the meso- and metathoras, two transverse bands 
on the metasternum and a band on each side of the first two seg- 
ments of the abdomen covered densely with white pubescence. 
Legs black, with grey pubescence ; femora not cariuate ; first joint 
of hind tarsus not so long as the remaining joints united. 

Lenrjth 10-15; breadth 3-4| mm. 

Hah. Ceylon. 

314. Caloclytus ludens, Gahan, Ann. Miis. Cic. Genova, xsxiv, p. 25, 

pi. 1, tig. 5 (1894). 

Eather long and narrow ; black ; head and prothorax faintly 
covered with greyish pubescence, prothorax with a narrow baud of 
ashy-white pubescence at the base ; scutellum ashy grey ; elytra 
black, banded with ashy-grey pubescence ; the first band transverse 
at the base ; the second begins at the suture just behind the scu- 
tellum, diverges slightly from the suture as it passes back some 
distance, then curves outwards and slightly forwards, stopping 
short on the side ■v\ithout reaching the outer margin ; the third 
band, placed just behind the middle, is somewhat triangular in form 
with its apex anteriorly at the suture; the fourth is a broad trans- 
verse band at the apex ; body beneath covered \\\ih pubescence, 
which is grey in the middle, whitish on the sides of the breast and 
abdomen. Antennas piceous, covered ^^■ith greyish pubescence, 
reaching about to the apical fourth of the elytra in the $ . Pro- 
thorax subcylindrical, much longer than broad, slightlv rounded at 
the sides. Elytra truncate at the apex, the outer angles shortlv 
spined. First joint of the hind tarsus about equal in len<^th to 
the remaining joints united. 

Length 11 mm. 

Hah. Tenasserim : Thagata {Fea). 

315. Caloclytus assimilis, Hope (Clytus), Gray's Zool Misc p '^S 

(1831). 

Black, densely covered with yellow pubescence, greenish-vellow 
above, of a somewhat whitish-yello\\" tint belo\\- ; prothorax with 
three rather small, round, black spots, one on the middle of the 
disc, and one at each side visible from above ; elytra marked each 
M'ith t\AO, or (?) one, brownish-black spot at the base, a rounded 
spot at the middle and another placed about midway between this 
and the apex ; body beneath entirely covered with yellowish 
pubescence. Antenuie black, covered to some extent with grevish 
pubescence, and extended to the middle of the elytra ; third joint 
longer than the first or the fourth ; fourth and fifth subeqiial ; sixth 
and seventh subequal, each shorter than the fifth : eighth to tenth 
shorter each than the seventh. Legs black, covered with grev 
pubescence ; femora not caz'inate, the hind pair extend to the apex 
of the elytra. 



270 CEEAMBYCID^. 

Length 11 ; hrcadth 3 mm. 

Hcd>. Nepal. 

Of this species, I have seeu only one specimen, tlie type, which 
is somewhat rubbed at the base of the elytra. From the slender- 
ness of the hind femora and the length of the antennae, it appears 
to be a female. 



31G. Caloclytus ignobilis, Bates (Clytanthus), p. Z. S. 1878, p. 721 ; 
id, Scientific liesults Second Yarkand Mission, (Joleopt. p. 22, 
pi. 1, fio-. 20 (1890). 

" Closely allied to C. Ai-punctatus. Fuscous black, clothed with 
ashy-yellow pubescence. Each elytron with five spots, as in most 
specimens of C. Ai-punctatus, as follow : one curved spot behind 
the scutellum, a small humeral spot, an anterior discal spot, one 
median generally transverse and one longitudinally oval spot clo.«f 
to it. 

" Very closely allied to the Mediterranean C. (?) -^-punctatus (F.;. 
the only apparent difference being the larger size of the dark 
elytral spots. The thorax, however, appears to be a little more 
cylindrical and less convex both above and on the sides, and is 
furnished with a number of large scattered punctures (besides the 
close general puncturation), most conspicuous on the sides. The 
spot behind the transverse median spot of the elytra is further 
removed from the apex than in C. 4:-punctatus. 

" Length 6 lines. 

" Hah. Murree. Two examples." 

In C. quadripimctatus, Fab., the species referred to above, the 
femora are not carinate, and the hind pair are some\^hat shorter 
than usual in this genus, those of the $ do not extend past the 
fourth abdominal segment. 

317. Caloclytus (?) parens, Allanl (Clvtus), Le Xaturaliste (2) viii, 
p. 189 (1894). 

" This species closely resembles C. plehejus. The pattern of the 
elytra is nearly identical, only in parens these are a little narrower 
and more elongate ; the thorax is longer, not so wide and less 
rounded at the sides, it is also less convex and more finely punc- 
tured. The dark coloration of the elytra is a bi-ownish red ; the 
anterior white baud completely surrounds the brownish-red humeral 
spot ; the second white marking placed after the middle of the 
elytra is triangular, widened towards the suture and more trans- 
versely straight posteriorly. The elytra are slightly narrower, 
longer and truncated at apex. Beneath the body is black, finely 
pubescent. Antenna) and legs brownish ferruginous. 

" Length 10 mm. 

" Hah. Southern India : Madura." 



EiiArnuMA. 271 

Genus KHAPHUMA. 

Rhapliuma, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (2) iv, p. 240 (18o8) ; Chevr. 

Mem. Soc. R. Sci. dc Licye, xviii, p. 275 (1863) ; Lacord. Gen. 

Coleopt. ix, p. 72 (1809). 
Rapluiiua, Thorns. Essai Classif. Ceramh. p. 221 (18G1). 
Arcyphorus, Chew. Mem. Soc. JR. Sci. de Liege, xviii, p. 287 (1863). 

Type, 11. quadricolor, Lap. & Gory, a species from the Philippine 
Islands. 

Eanr/e. Oriental Eegion. 

More or less narrow and elongate in form. Head with the face 
subvertical, generally longer than broad, slightly widened below ; 
the antennal supports raised on the inner side, formed into a ridge, 
concave in the middle, between the antennae. Antennae sub- 
appro.ximate at the base, subequal in length to the body in the c? , 
sometimes a little longer, sometimes shorter ; always shorter than 
the body in the $ ; unarmed ; third joint distinctly longer than 
the first. Prothorax oblong-ovate or subcylindrical, longer than 
broad. Elytra long, very slightly narrowed posteriorly, truncate 
at apex, the lateral margins sinuate in the middle in some of the 
forms, nearly straight in others. Legs long and generally rather 
slender, the hind femora extend past the apex of the elytra in 
the d" . First joint of the hind tarsi as long at least as the 
remaining joints united. The episterna of the metathorax parallel- 
sided in the subgenus Arcijpliorus and the forms most nearly allied 
to it ; in other cases they appear narrowed in front due to the 
widening downwards of the elytra near the base. Arcyphorus is 
distinguished also by the middle femora, which are carinate 
in front. 

I. Lateral margins of elytra nearly straight. 
A. Middle femora carinate in front (s.g. Akcyphoeus). 

318. Rhaphuma diana, sp. n. 

Black, densely covered with yellow pubescence, ornately marked 
above with black spots and bands ; prothorax witli two short, very 
closely approximated, slightly curved, longitudinal black bands on 
the disc and a rounded black spot on each side ; the discal bands 
densely punctate, united in front for about a third of their length ; 
each elytron with three longitudinal bands in front — a short one 
on the disc transversely united behind to its fellow, a longer one 
extending back from the shoulder, and a marginal band which 
extends from the base and joins a transverse spot placed just behind 
the middle ; from the inner end of this spot a fourth longitudinal 
band extends forwards along the disc, it becomes narrower in front 
and ends a little behind the posterior end of the anterior discal 
band ; two lai'ge marginal spots follow behind — one placed at 
nearly one-third from the apex, the other close to the apex ; 



272 CEEAMBTCID^. 

antennae and legs brown, faintly covered with grey pubescence. 
The antennfe extend to the middle of the elytra in the $ , and to 
a short distance beyond it in the cJ ; the hind femora extend a 
little beyond the apex of the elytra in the J , not quite to the 
apex in the $ ; middle femora carinate in front ; first joint of hind 
tarsi nearly twice as long as the second and third united. Last 
ventral segment of S with a broad, deep channel along the middle, 
the channel gradually narro\\"ed and less deep in front ; last ventral 
segment of $ gradually narrowed posteriori}', rounded at apex. 

Length 13-14; breadth 2||-3 mm. 

Hah. Burma : Karen Mts. (Doheriy). 

319. Ehaphuma patkaina, sp. n. 

N'arrow and elongate ; black, densely covered with yellow- 
pubescence ; prothorax Mitli two approximated, post-median black 
spots on the disc and a small round median black spot on each 
side ; elytra marked each near the base with a short dorsal black 
vitta, which is joined posteriorly by means of a transverse, shghtly 
curved band to a marginal band which extends back from the base ; 
a black spot at the shoulder, two subelongate black spots at the 
middle and a slightly curved, transverse, black band at one-third 
from the apex. Antenna? extend nearly to the apical third of the 
elytra in the $ ; first four or five joints testaceous, the rest more 
or less dark brown, faintly covered with grey pubescence. Pro- 
thoi\ix oblong-ovate, reticulate-punctate. Elytra transversely 
truncate at the apex. The hind femora reach to the apex of the 
elytra in the 2 ; middle femora carinate in front along the distal 
half. 

Length 12 ; breadth 2^ mm. 

ffab. Assam : Patkai Mts. {Doherty). 

This species resembles R. diana in colour and form, and agrees 
with it in the sculptui-e of the middle femora, which are carinate 
in front. It differs in the last respect from i?. p7t?f??c, which it 
more closely resembles in the markings of the elytra. The male 
is not known. 



B. Middle femora not carinate. 

320. Ehaphuma horsfieldii, White (Clvtus), Cat. Cukopt. B. M., 
Longic. p. 284 (1855). 

Narrow and elongate ; densely covered with yellow pubescence, 
which is somewhat paler in colour on the body beneath ; prothorax 
marked above with two narrow, slightly carved, longitudinal dark 
brown bands that extend from near the base to a little in front of 
the middle and a small dark bro\\n spot at each side ; elytra 
marked each with two narro\;", dark brown, longitudinal bands 
that exteud to a short distance beyond the middle and are united 
at their posterior end by a narrow transverse band of the same 



EnAPKlMA. 273 

colour — the inner band at a short distance from the suture and not 
extended quite to the base in front, the outer band passes over 
the shoulder right up to the base ; a narrow, dark brown, circumflex 
band, followed by a small spot, between these bands and the apex ; 
antennte and legs testaceous. Antenna; reach nearly to the apex 
of the elytra in the c5' , to the apical fourth in the $ ; third 
and a few of the following joints setose posteriorly at the apex, 
the third much louger than the first. Prothorax subcyhndrical. 
slightly rounded at the sides, narrowed and marked with a trans- 
verse groove at the base. Elytra scarcely wider than the middle 
of the prothorax, dentate at the outer angles of the truncate apex. 
Hind femora extended past the apex of the elytra. First joint of 
hind tarsi twice as long as the next two joints united. 

Length 10-15; breadth 2-3 mm. 

Hah. Darjeeling; Xaga Hills (Boherti/) ; Manipur (Doherii/) ; 
Burma : Euby Mines {Doherty) ; (?) Java. 

321. Rhaphuma phiale, sp. n. 

Black, densely covered with yellow pubescence ; prothorax with 
two short, longitudinal, black bands on the disc. Elytra marked 
each \\ith two longitudinal black bands on the anterior third- 
one extending straight back from the shoulder, the other along 
the inner half of the disc ; a large transverse black spot at the 
middle, an oblique, somewhat curved spot at one-fourth from the 
apex and a small marginal spot, sometimes wanting, just before 
the apex ; the two anterior bands are united transversely behind, 
and the inner band is sometimes joined transversely just pos- 
terior to the scutellum with the corresponding band oi the other 
elytron ; the median transverse spot reaches from the outer margin 
almost to the suture, it is prolonged in front and posteriorly at its 
outer end ; the lateral margins narrowly black. Antennae and 
legs blackish, somewhat densely covered with greenish-grey pubes- 
cence. The antenna> extend to the apical fourth of the elytra in 
the 6" , to the apical third in the § . Prothorax subcylindrical, 
a little rounded in the middle, densely punctate at each side in the 
S , the puuctate area divided anteriorly by a narrow- impunctate 
band. Elytra more than three times as long as their width at the 
base, transversely truncate at the apex. Last ventral segment of 
S with a somewhat triangular, glabrous, excavation at the apex, 
its hind margin acutely pointed in the middle ; last segment of 5 
longer, not excavated, rounded at the apex. The hind femora 
reach to the apex of the elytra in the $ , a little beyond it in the 
S . First joint of hind tarsi twice as long as the second and third 
united. 

Lenc/th 12-14 ; breadth 2|-3 mm. 

Ifab. Burma : Karen Mfs. (Do7urt>/). 

This species somewhat closely resembles R. JwrsJieMri, ^Vhite, in 
form, colour and markings ; but the prothoracic black bands are 
broader and not raised, the anterior two elvtral bands are much 

VOL. I. " r 



274 CEEAMBTCID^. 

shorter, the posterior spots are different, and the legs and antennae 
are black. 



322. Rhaphuma fulgurata, sp. n. 

Head and prothorax black, densely covered with yellowish-grey 
pubescence; prothorax -v^-ith two small, closely approximated, black 
spots just before the middle of the disc, another small black spot 
placed a little farther forwards on each side. Elytra chocolate- 
brown, tomentose, marked with bands of yellow pubescence as 
follows — (1) a short longitudinal band on the disc at the base ; 
(2) a band made up of an obloug sutural spot, narrowly united 
posteriorly to an oblique discal spot ; (3) a band behind the middle 
which runs obliquely for\^"ards and outwards from the suture to 
the edge of the disc, and is then bent obliquely backwards towards 
the outer margin, this band is prolonged posteriorly at the suture, 
and a very narrow sutural band extends from it in front so as to 
reach the anterior sutural spot ; (4) a transverse or slightly curved 
band at a little more than one-fifth from the apex, continued along 
the suture up to the apex. Body beneath brownish black, covered 
with yellowish-grey pubescence ; antennae and legs ferruginous red. 
Antennae slightly longer than the body in the J , extending to the 
apical third of the elytra in the $ . Prothorax oblong-ovate, with 
an asperate carina along the middle of the disc. Elytra three 
times as long as broad, somewhat obliquely truncate at apex. The 
hind femora extend a little past the apex of the elytra in the c? , 
not to the apex in the 5 . Eirst joint of hind tarsi twice as long 
as the second and third united. 

Lemitli 15-17| ; breadth 3:|-4 mm. 

Hah. Sikhim. 

323. Rhaphuma manipurensis, sp. n. 

Narrow and elongate ; black ; densely covered with pubescence, 
which is of a greenish-yellow colour on the prothorax and elytra, 
paler yellow on the head and on the body beneath. Elytra marked 
each with (1) three small black spots near the base — one on the 
shoulder, one a little farther back near tbe suture, the third in a 
line with the shoulder at about one-fourth from the base ; (2) a 
narrow, sinuous, black band behind the middle, Mhich is continued 
forward for some distance as a sutural band ; (3) an oblique black 
band at about one-fourth from the apex ; legs and antennae tes- 
taceous. The antennae extend to the middle of the elytra in the 
2 , not far beyond it in the S . The hind femora reach to the 
apex of the elytra in the 5 , a little past it in the (S . Eirst 
joint of hind tarsi nearly twice as long as the second and third 
united. 

Variation. The submedian and posterior black bauds on the 
elytra are somewhat variable ; the submedian band is sometimes 
reduced to a small crescentic spot, and the posterior band to a 



RHAPIIUMA. 275 

short oblique line which reaches neither to the suture nor to the 
outer margin. 

Length 13-16; breadth 24-3] mm, 

Hab. Manipur (Doherti/). 

324. Rhaphuma sexnotata, Chevr. Mem. Soc. R. Sci. de Liege, xviii, 

p. 279 (1863). 

Narrow and elongate, yellowish testaceous, covered on the head, 
prothorax and elytra with a dense yellow pubescence. Elytra 
marked each with tliree small dark brown spots — one, longitudinal, 
at the shoulder and visible only from the side ; the second, narrow 
and transverse, placed a short distance behind the middle of the 
disc ; the third similar to the second and placed about midway 
between it and the apex. Antennae testaceous, reacliing almost to 
the apex in the S , and to the posterior fourth of the elytra in the 
2 ; third joint much longer than the first or fourth and a little 
longer than the fifth. Prothorax ovate-cylindrical, about one- 
fourth longer than its width across the middle, narrower than the 
elytra. Elytra three times as long as the prothorax ; truncate, 
and scarcely dentate, at the apex ; outer margins nearly straight. 
Body beneath rather densely covered with pubescence of a some- 
what paler tint than that on the upperside. Legs testaceous, 
faintly pubescent ; first joint of the hind tarsus twice as long as 
the second and third united. 

Length 10-11 ; breadth 2^ mm. 

Hab. India. 

II. Lateral margins of the elytra more or less distincthj sinuate 
in the middle, 

325. Rhapllllina placida, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (2) iv, p. 240 (1858). 

Head black, covered in front and on the cheeks with buff-yellow 
pubescence ; prothorax and elytra testaceous red, not very densely 
covered with yellowish-red pubescence, protliorax with a basal 
white spot on each side ; elytra marked each with two brownish- 
black spots — a large one at the apex, bordered posteriorly ^ith 
ashy-grey pubescence, a smaller one a little behind the middle, the 
latter spot with a small spot of ashy-white pubescence immediately 
in front of it. Body beneath blackish, the prosternum, meso- 
sternum, the episterna of the meso- and metathorax, an anterior 
and posterior band on the metasternum, and a posterior transverse 
band, widened at the sides, on each of the abdominal segments 
more or less densely covered with white pubescence ; antennae 
with the first four or five joints testaceous, the rest brown ; legs 
reddish, the hind femora dark brown at the apex, the hind tibias 
infuscate. Antennae of $ extending about to the apical third of 
the elytra. Prothorax ovate-cylindrical, a little longer than bi-oad. 
Hind femora of $ extending to the apex of the elytra ; first joint 
of hind tarsi about equal in length to the remaining joints united. 

Length 10^-14 j breadth 2^-'d\ mm. 

Hab. Darjeeling ; Burma ; Celebes. 

t2 



276 



CEEAMBTCTDJ5. 



326. Rhaphlima fallax, Cheir. 3Iem. Soc R. Sci.de Lierje, xviii, p. 276 
(1863). 

Resembles R. 2)lacida, Pasc.,iu colour and structure, but differs 
as follows : only one black spot (tbat at the apex) on each elytron ; 
on the ventral side, the abdomen only black ; the antennae and 
legs entirely yellowish testaceous. The front margin of the apical 
black spot is almost transverse, with a slight angulation near the 
middle, its hind border is, as in R. jylacida, covered with ashy-grey 
pubescence ; on each elytron there is a small ashy-white spot 
just behind the middle. The body beneath is banded ^^ ith white 
pubescence in a manner very similar to R. pJac'ida. 

Length 13| ; breadth 2| mm. 

Hah. Bengal. 



327. Rhaphuma praeusta, Lameere, C. R. Soc. Ent. BeUj. 1890, 
p. ccxii, 

Eesembles E. pJacida, Pasc. ; it is of the same colour above, the 
head black, the prothorax and elytra testa- 
ceous red, but there is only one black spot 
on each elytron, that at the apex ; the 
front margin of this spot is somewhat 
rounded, the apical border is covered, as 
in R. placida, with ashy-grey pubescence ; 
there is a very small ashy-white spot 
behind the middle of each elytron. On 
the ventral side, the abdomen only is 
black, the rest testaceous, banded with 
white pubescence in a similar way to 
R. placida. The legs and antenna? tes- 
taceous, the hind femora sometimes 
blacliish at the a^^ex. 

Lengtli 12 ; breadth 2| mm. 
Hdh. Chutia jS'agpur. 
This species is possibly not distinct 
from R. frtJlax, Chevr., as it differs only in its somewhat more 
distinctly reddish colour, and has the front margin of the apical 
black spot of each elytron rounded instead of trans\erse. 




Fig. 93. 

Shaphuma prmusta, 

Lameere. 



328. Rhaphuma rhea, sp. n. 

Head black, somewhat sparsely covered ^vith ashy-white pubes- 
cence ; prothorax dark red, very sparsely covered with tawny pubes- 
cence, the basal margin on each side narrowly bordered \^it'h white ; 
elytra yellowish testaceous, densely pubescent, marked each with 
a round black spot a little before the apex. Antenna) testaceous, 
as long as the body in the 6 , shorter in the $ ; third and fifth 
joints subequal,each longer than the fourth and much longer than 
the first. Prothorax oblong-ovate densely punctate above, not so 



RHAPnUMA. 277 

wide in the luiddle as tlie base of the el3'tra. Elytra very feebly 
dentate at the outer angles of the truncate apex. Metasternum 
reddish brown, abdomen black ; the episterna of the thorax and a 
transverse band, \\'idened triangularly at the sides, on each of the 
first four abdominal segments, covered with dense white pubes- 
cence ; the mesosternum and borders of the metasternum with a 
less dense whitish pubescence. Legs testaceous, with the femora 
and tibite of the hind legs dark brown towards the apex ; first joint 
of the hind tarsus twice as long as the second and third united. 

Lemjili 10-11 ; hreadth 2h mm. 

Hah. Southern India : Anaimalai Hills {H. L. Andreives), 

329. Rhaphuma quinquenotata, Chevr. Mem. Soc. JR. Sci. de Liege, 

xviii, p. 278 (1863). 

Head black except at the lower border, closely covered with, 
yellowish-white pubescence ; prothorax reddish, more or less 
densely clothed with yellow pubescence; elytra pale testaceous, 
densely pubescent, marked with five black spots — one, elongate, 
placed at the suture a little before the middle, one across the 
middle of each elytron from the outer margin to within a short 
distance of the suture, and one, obliquely oval, on each between 
the middle and the apex ; there is sometimes in addition a dark- 
brown spot behind each shoulder. Antennae testaceous, reaching 
to the middle of the elytra in the 2 , beyond it in the S ; third 
joint much longer than the first, fifth a little shorter than the third 
and longer than the fourth. Prothorax oblong-ovate, shghtly 
longer than broad, almost as wide in the middle as at the base of 
the elytra, closely punctured on the middle of the disc, narrowly 
bordered with white at the basal margin on each side. Body 
beneath black, varied with bands and spots of white pubescence, 
the bands on the abdomen narrow in the middle and wide at the 
sides. Legs testaceous, with the middle femora, except near the 
base, and the hind femora dark brown, the tibiae also more or less 
iufuscate. 

Length 11 ; hreadth 2| mm. 

Hah. Southern India : Anaimalai and Nilgiri Hills. 

330. Rhaphiima trimaculata, Chevr. Mem. Soc.R. Sci.de Lieffe, x\ni, 

p. 281 (1863). 

Black, densely covered with greenish-grey pubescence ; elytra 
marked with a sutural black band which extends from a little 
behind the scutellum nearly up to the middle and is slightly 
widened at each end, also Avith a small black spot on the middle 
of each at about one-third from the apex ; body beneath covered 
with greenish-grey pubescence. Antennae extend to the apical 
third or fourth of the elytra in the d ■ Episterna of metathorax 
strongly overlapped in front by the sides of the elytra. The hind 
femora extend by about one-fourth of their length past the apex 



278 CERAMBTCIDJ. 

of the elytra in the 6 . First joint of hind tarsus uearlj" twice as 
long as the second and third united. 

Lenrjth 9-9| ; breadth 2-2| mm. 

Hah. Southern India : Xilgiri Hills. 

331. Rhaphuina suturalis, sp. n. 

Blade, rather closely covered ^^•ith lead-grey pubescence ; elytra 
marked with a narrow sutural black band which begins a little 
behind the scutellum and ends at a variable distance in front of 
the middle, the slioulders glabrous ; body beneath grey, with the 
sides of the abdomen and a spot at each side of the meso- and 
metathorax yellow. Antennae slightly longer than the body in 
the S J reach to the apical fourth of the elvtra in the $ ; 
black, covered with grey pubescence. Prothorax oblong-ovate, 
finely and very densely punctulate. The hind femora extend by 
about a fourth of their length past the apex of the elytra in the 
c? , by somewhat less in the 2 • Episterua of metathorax strongly 
overlapped in front by the sides of the elytra. 

Lenr/th 9-10| ; hre'adtli 2-'2\ mm. 

Hah. Southern India : Nilgiri Hills {H. L. Andreives). 

This species resembles H. trimacidata, Chevr., in its narrow, 
elongate form, but differs from it in the colour of its pubescence, 
in the narro\^-er sutural blade band of the elytra, which, moreover, 
is not widened at each end, and by the presence of yellow spots 
at the sides of the breast and abdomen. 

832. Eliaphnma trinalba, sp. n. 

Black ; head and prothorax rather closely covered with grey 
pubescence ; elytra glossy black with three white spots in front, 
a rather broad bluish-grey transverse band behind the middle, and 
a similar baud at the apex ; one of the three spots placed at the 
suture almost immediately behind the scutellum, each of the others 
placed obliquely transverse on the lateral part of the disc at about 
one fourth from the base ; bod}" beneath ashy grey, with ^^•hite 
spots at the sides of the meso- and metathorax and first three 
abdomiuai segments. Antennae of $ reach to the apical third of 
the elytra ; tlie joints unarmed, fourth slightly shorter than the 
fifth and distinctly shorter than the third ; second one-third 
longer than broad. Prothorax oblong-ovate, narrower at base 
than in front. Elytra transversely truncate at the apex, feebly 
dentate at the outer angle?. The hind femora extend by about a 
fifth of their length past the apex of the elytra in the j , First 
joint of hind tarsi nearly twice as long as the second and third 
united. 

Length 7-8; breadth 2 mm. 

Hah. Southern India : Xilgiri Hills (//, L. Andreives). 

This species resembles Demona.r divisus, Chevr,, in colour and 
markings, but may be readily distinguished from it by its com- 
pletely unarmed antennae. 



979 



333. Rhapliuma elegantiila, sp. n. 

Black ; slabrous and nitid above ; the elytra marked with pubes- 
cent white spots and bands as follows: a small mdistuict asby- 
M-hite spot at each side of the scutellum, a small snow-white spot 
on the disc of each elytron at about one-iourth from the base, a 
^arrmv transverse snow-wlnte band a little behind the muldle, and 
a narrow ashy-white band at the apex; body beneath black covere.l 
in part with grev pubescence, with spots of dense white pubes- 
cence on the sides of the mesothorax, j^etathorax and fir.t 
abdominal segment. Antenna extend to the apical third of the 
elytra; third joint more than twice as long as the first ; touitti 
and fifth subequal, united not much longer than the third l^io- 
thorax rather strongly rounded at the sides, narrowed at the base, 
strongly and somewhat roughly punctured. Elytra very glossy 
less st/onglv and somewhat sparsely punctate; truncate at the 
apex, feebly denticulate at the angles. _ Episterna of metathoiax 
stronglv overlapped in front by the sides of the elytra. Legs 
pitch-black, nitid; hind femora very sparsely punctate extending 
by about a fourth of their length past the apex of the elytra. 
First joint of hind tarsus twice as long as the second and third 

united. 

Length 5-6: hreadtli l\-^ mm. 
Hah. Nilgiri Hills {H. L. Andreives). 

Genus CLYTOCERA, gen. nov. 

Type, C. cliionospila, sp. n. 

lianqe. Southern India. , . , , ^ i ^ 

Narrow and elongate in form. Head with the antennal supports 
distinctly raised so as to form a prominent ridge, rather broadly 
concave in the middle, between the antenna. Antennae one- 
third longer than the body in the 6 ; second ]oint longer than 
broad • third and following joints slightly compressed, successively 
r^arvo^vev, each almost equally broad throughout its length ; fourth 
scarcely shorter than the third. Prothorax ovate-oblong, widest 
behind the middle; front margin shghtly rounded. El>tia 
truncate at the apex ; the lateral margins nearly straight. Epi- 
sterna of metathorax narrowed considerably at the apex, the inner 
border rather strouglv curved posteriorly. Legs long ; coxae 
prominent : femora subpedunculate at base, fusiform -clavate to- 
wards the apex, the hind pair extending far beyond the apex ot 
the elytra in the 6 ; first joint of hind tarsus almost three times 
as lone as the next tw-o united. . 

Erom A7*a»7rHH*«, Pasc, to which it comes nearest in general 
form and structure, this new genus differs as follows : the antennal 
supports more prominently raised and more divergent, the femora 
more strouglv thickened,"and the metathoracic episterna curved 
at the inner border and considerably narrowed posteriorly. 



280 CEBAMBYCID.E. 

334. Clytocera chionospila, sp. n. 

Varies from reddisli brown to brownish blacli in colour, tomen- 
tose and dull above, with spots of snow-white pubescence on the 
prothorax, elytra and underside. Prothorax with a small post- 
median spot, a short, transverse basal lineole on each side above 
and a smaller spot on each side close to the coxal cavity. Elytra 
each with a small subsutural spot at some distance behind the 
scutellum, a discal spot before the middle, a short fascia obliquely 
from the suture behind the middle, a discal spot midway between 
this fascia and the apex and a transverse spot at the apex. 
Antennae reddish brown, as long as the body in the $ , about 
one-third longer in the cJ ; second joint one-third longer than 
broad ; third scarcely longer than the fourth and not longer than 
the fifth or sixth. Prothorax about one-fourth longer than broad 
in the c? ; widest behind the middle, gradually narrowed in front, 
and marked with a sulcate constriction close to the base ; sub- 
asperate above, slightly raised along the middle. Elytra dentate 
at the outer angles of the truncate apices. Abdomen sub- 
glabrous and subnitid, the rest of the underside tomentose and 
dull; a spot on each of the meso- and metathoracic episterna, and 
four on each side of the abdomen, snow-white. Femora finely 
punctulate, subasperate beneath, and denticulate at the apical 
angles ; the hind pair extending to the apex of the elytra in the 5 , 
and far beyond it in the (f . 

Length 7-12; breadth 1^-21 mm. 

Hah. Southern India : Nilgiri Hills {H. L. Andreiues), Canara. 



Genus DEMONAX. 

Demonax, T/ioms. Essai Classif. Ceramh. p. 226 (18G1) ; Chevr. 

Mem. Soc. R. Sci. de Lm/e, xviii, p. 268 (1863). 
Grammographus, Cheer. Man. Soc. R. Sci. de Liege, xviii, p. 285 

(1863). 
Elezira, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (3) iii, p. 637 (1869). 

Type, D. nir/rofasciatus, Thorns., a species from Batchian in 
the Malay Archipelago. 

Range. Oriental Kegion and Austro-Malayan Subregion. 

Head subacutely raised on each side between the antennae. 
Antennas not Avidely separated at the base, variable in length, 
sometimes mu>'h longer, sometimes shorter than the body in the J ; 
third and fourth joints spined posteriorly at the apex, the third 
joint longer than the fourth. Prothorax oblong-ovate, as a rule 
distinctly longer than broad and narrower than the elytra, sometimes 
subglobose and as wide in the middle as the base of the elytra. 
Elytra more or less elongate, truncate at the apex. Hind femoi'a 
generally extending some distance past the apex of the elytra in 
the (S . Eirst joint, of hind tarsi twice, or nearly twice, as long as 
the second and third united. 



DEMOXAX. 



281 



Many of the species included in this genus are narrow and 
elongated like those of Wiaphwna, Pasc. ; others, with subglobose 
prothorax and relatively shorter elytra, resemble the majority of 
forms belonging to the genus Ccdochjtus, Eairm. They are dis- 
tinguished irom both the above genera by the presence of spines 
at the apex of the third, fourth and sometimes also the fifth and 
sixth antennal joints. In certain species such as those on which 
the genera Grammogmphus and Elezira were founded, the antennal 
spines are very minute and liable to be overlooked without close 
exan)ination under the lens ; in the majority they are quite distinct. 

The lateral margins of the elytra are in the more typical forms 
nearly straight, and the nietathoracic episterna appear broad and 
parallel-sided; in others the lateral margins are moreor less dis- 
tinctly sinuate near the middle, and the metathoracic episterna 
appear narrowed in front and widened out posteriorly. 



I. Lateral margins of eli/tra nearly straight ; episterna of 
metaihorax parallel-sided. 

A. Antennal spines minute. (Subgenus Grammograpiius.) 

335. Demonax lineatus, Clieir. (Grammographus) Mem. Soc. R. Sci. 
de Liege, xviii, p. i^SG (1863,). 

Elongate ; densely covered above with buff-yellow pubescence ; 
prothorax narrowly bordered with yellowish-white pubescence 
at the base, marked with a narrow, asperate, slightly raised, 

black band along the middle and a 
small, pubescent, black spot at each 
side in front of the middle ; each 
elytron with (1) a short dorsal dark 
brown vitta near the base, united 
transversely just behind the scutellum 
with the corresponding band of the 
other elytron; (2) a narrow, dark 
brown band that runs straight back 
from the shoulder to the apical fourth ; 
(3) an obhque band that extends from 
the suture at about cue-third from the 
Iiase and ends in a small spot placed 
close to the hinder end of the lateral 
band ; (4) a V-shaped spot placed a 
little behind the end of the preceding 
two bands ; the epipleure and lateral 
edge also dark brown ; body beneath 
pj 94 covered with yellowish-white pubes- 

Bemonax lineatus, CbcTr. cence. Head marked in front with 
three black lines, the median one im- 
pressed, the lateral ones slightly raised. Autenuoe ferruginous, 
slightly longer than the body in S ; third and fourth joints very 




282 CEEAMBTCID.E. 

feebly spined posteriorly at the apex. Prothorax oblong-ovate, 
widest behiud the middle, narrowed at base. Legs reddish brown, 
faintly covered with grey pubescence ; hind femora extend by 
nearly one-tliird of their length past the apex of the elytra. 

Length 16 ; breadth 3^ mm. 

Hah. India. 



336. Demonax balyi, Pascoe (C'lytus), Trans. Ent. Soc. (•>) V, p. 27 

(1859) ; id. (Elezira) Trans. Ent. Soc. (3) iii, p. 637 (1869). 

Reddish testaceous above ; elytra clothed with yellowish-tawnv 
pubescence, marked each ^^■ith three tomentose black spots — one at 
the middle, one midway between the middle and the apex, the 
third and largest also between the middle and the apex, but placed 
a little nearer to the apex. Body beneath, with the exception 
sometimes of the prosternum, black ; marked \^"ith spots and 
bands of white pubescence. Antennae and legs testaceous ; the 
apical part of the hind femora and more or less of the hind tibias 
also dark brown ; the middle femora sometimes more or less 
infuscate towards the apex. Head spai-sely clothed with yellowish 
pubescence. Antennse longer than the body in the male, a little 
shorter than the body in the female ; joints third and fourth with 
a very small inconspicuous spine at the hinder apical angle. 
Prothorax closely granulate-punctate, faintly pubescent, marked 
with a narrow white band at the base on each side ; the disc with 
three very feeble obtuse ridges, ^^•hich are slightly nitid and a little 
more strongly punctate than the rest of the surface. 

Length 8-11 ; breadth 2-3 mm. 

Hah. Southern India: Nilgiri and Auaimalai Hills. 

337. Demonax monticola, sp, n. 

Testaceous red ; head sparsely j^ubesceut ; prothorax slightly 
suffused with dark brown at the sides, covered with tawny pubes- 
cence, narrowly bordered with pale yellow at each side of the 
base. Elytra covered with tawny-yellow pubescence, each marked 
with three dark brown bands — the first, placed at rather less than 
a third from the base, runs somewhat transversely from near the 
outer margin to the middle of the disc and then obliquely forwards 
towards the suture ; tlie second, placed at the middle, takes a similar 
course to the first but reaches the suture and extends along it in 
front ; the third crosses straight from the outer margin to the 
suture at about one-third from the apex ; the areas included between 
these dark brown bands are of a somewhat brighter yellow colour 
than are the apical and basal parts of the elytra. Body beneath 
testaceous, faintly pubescent, with denser, yellowish-white spots 
on the episterna of the meso- and metathorax and at the sides of 
the first two abdominal segments. Antennae slightly longer than 
the body in c? , third and fourth joints very minutely spined at 
apex. Prothorax oblong-ovate. Elytra feebly quadridentate at 



DEMON AX. 



283 



the apex. The hind femora extend by a fourth of tlieu' length 
past the apex of the elytra in the c? • I'ii'st joint of hind tarsi 
nearly three times as long as the second and third united. 

Lenr/th 13 ; hreadtli 3 mm. 

Hah. Assam : Patkai Mts. {Dohertij). 

338. Demonax albosignatus, sp. n. 

Elongate ; black ; head and prothorax covered with dark 
o-rey pubescence ; prothorax bordered with white pubescence at 
the* base on each side, marked above with a median, slightly raised, 
asperate black band. Elytra brownish black, slightly tomentose, 
marked with narrow bands of whitish pubescence : the first band 
crosses at the base and, just before reaching the shoulder, turns 
straight bade and extends a short distance along the disc ; the 
second band begins at the suture at a short distance behind the 
scutellum, diverges slightly from the suture as it passes backwards, 
and at about oue-third from the base crosses the disc transversely, 
it is sometimes angulately dilated at its outer end, a httle in front 
of which there is a small subraarginal white spot ; the third band 
crosses transversely a little in front of the apical third, at the 
suture it is produced in front as a very narrow band, and is some- 
times also produced posteriorly; the apex is rather broadly 
covered with a band of ashy-grey pubescence, from which a 
narrow sutural band of whitish pubescence extends in front. 
Body beneath covered with ashy-grey pubescence, the episterna of 
the "meso- and metathorax and the sides of the abdomen more 
densely covered with whitish pubescence. Antennae black, faintly 
covered with grey pubescence ; a little longer than the body in 
the d , shorter in the § ; third and fourth joints very feebly 
spined at the apex. Prothorax much longer than broad, slightly 
rounded at the sides ; the disc with a median and two feebler 
lateral elevations, the surface asperate, especially along the median 
band. Legs black, rather faintly covered with grey pubescence ; 
the hind femora extend by nearly a third of their length past the 
apex of the elytr-a in both sexes ; first joint of hind tarsi twice as 
long as the second and third united. 

LencjtU 10-13 ; breadth 2-2f mm. 

Ilab. Burma : Euby Mines district. 

339. Demonax oblongomaculatus, sp. u. 

Black, densely covered above with grey or yellowish-grey 
pubescence. Elytra marked each with a somewhat variable number 
of small oblong black spots ; one of these is on the disc, nearer 
to the suture than to the side, at a very short distance from the 
base, and is followed by a small sutural spot to which it is some- 
times joined, three spots are placed in a transverse row at the 
middle or a little before it, and three smaller spots form another 
transverse series at a short distance behind the middle; the 



2S4 CERAMBYCID^. 

pubescence that covers the somewhat quadrate sutural space between 
the auterior black spot and its fellow is more distinctly yellow in 
colour than that on the outer parts of the eh^tra. Body beneath 
covered with greenish-yellow pubescence, which is denser and 
more decidedly yellow at the sides ; antennae and legs black, faintly 
covered with grey pubescence. Anteuna; slightly shorter than the 
body in the d , reach to the apical third of the elytra in the 2 ; 
third and fourth joints slightly thickened aud obsoletely spined at 
the apex. Prothorax oblong-ovate ; the disc somewhat depressed 
along the middle, with a feeble median elevation near the base, 
raised in the form of an obtuse costa at each side ; the sides and 
the median depressed area of the disc densely puuctured. Scutel- 
lum broad, obtusely rounded at apex, covered with yellowish 
pubescence. Elytra truncate at the apex, dentate at the angles. 
Femora rather thick ; the hind pair exteud by about a fourth of 
their length past the apex of the elytra in the c? , by a little less 
in the $ . 

Length 13-lG ; breadth 3-4 mm. 

Bab. Assam : Shillong, North Ivhasi Hills ; Upper Burma : 
Kuby Mines {Dohevtij). 

340. Demonax nigromaculatus, sp. u. 

Very like D. obJoncjomaeidatus, Gahan, in form and markings, 
but covered above with yellow pubescence ; the prothorax marked 
with two rouuded black spots on the disc behind the middle ; the 
legs and antennae testaceous ; the anterior black spots on the 
elytra exactly like those of oblonr/omaculatus, but instead of 
the three at the middle aud the three behind the middle there are' 
only two at the middle and two behind, the inner spot in each 
case oblique or oval, the outer one narrow aud elongate ; from 
each shoulder a black or dark brown line extends about a third of 
the length of the elytron. Antennae reach to the apical third of 
the elytra in the $ ; third, fourth and fifth joints with a minute 
spine at the apex. The hind femora extend a little past the apex 
of the elytra in the $ . First joint of hind tarsi twice as long as 
the second and third united. 

Length 14 ; breadth 3^ mm. 

Hah. Sikhim : Pedong (A. Desgodins), in coll. Obei'thiir and 
Brit. Mus. 

B. Anteiinal sjiines distinct. 

341 . Demonax literatus, Gahnn, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genov. xxxiv, p. 27 

pi. 1, tig. 6 (1894). 

Elongate ; brownish black, densely covered with ochreous- 
yellow pubescence above, yellow pubescence beneath ; ])rothorax 
with a narrow, asperate, slightly raised, median black band near 
the base, two pubescent black spots on the disc and one on each 
side a little before the middle ; each elytron is marked with two 



DEMONAX. 285 

narro\^■, black or dark bro\^■^, oblique bands somewhat in the form 
of an elouoated letter V which extend from near the middle almost 
up to the base ; a transverse band that crosses the suture just 
behind the scutellum unites the front end of the inner band with 
the corresponding band on the other elytron ; at a short distance 
beliind the middle there is a transverse or crescentic black spot 
from each end of which a short narrow vitta is directed forwards, 
the inner one obliquely towards the suture, the outer one along 
the side ; between this transverse spot and the apex there is another 
black spot, which is obliquely oval in form. Antennae testaceous, 
a little longer than the body in the 6 , shorter in the $ ; third, 
fourth and fifth joints with a short spine at the apex ; sixth also 
spined, but feebly so. Femora more or less brownish, rather densely 
covered with yellowish-grey pubescence ; the tibia) testaceous, less 
densely pubescent. 

Length 9-1 1| ; breadth 2^ mm. 

Ilab. Burma : Karenee {Fea). 

342. Demonax semiluctuosus. White (Clytus), Cat. Coleopt li. M 

Lom/ic. p. 283 (1855). 
lihaplnima pr^ecana, C'/ievr. Mem. Soc. R. Sci. de Liege, xviii, p 277 

(1863). 
Clytanthus mouhoti, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (3) iii, p. 601 

(1869). 

Black ; head and prothorax faintly covered with greyish pubes- 
cence, prothorax with a narrow white border on each side at the 
basal margin, the disc with a nude spot on each side before the 
middle ; scutellum white ; elytra deep black, somewhat velvety, 
marked each Avith an oblique spot and two bands of white pubes- 
cence, the spot placed near the suture at about one-fifth from the 
base ; the first band very narrow, crosses a little obliquely before 
the middle and is continued for\A"ard for some distance along the 
suture ; the second band broader, is placed at about one-fifth from 
the apex. Body beneath black ; the presternum, mesosternum, an 
oblique spot on each of the mesothoracic episterna, an elono-ate 
spot on each of the metathoracic episterna, an oblique band on each 
side of the metasternum and the first two abdominal seo-ments 
more or less completely covered with ashy-white pubescence, the 
rest less densely covered with dark grey pubescence. Auteunaj 
about equal in length to the body in the 5 , very slightly lono-er 
in the (5 ; sixth to ninth joints covered with ashy-grey pubescence ; 
third and fourth spined at the apex, the spines short. Prothorax 
oblong-ovate, nearly as wide in the middle as the base of the 
elytra, densely rugulose-punctate. Elytra very little more than 
twice as long as the prothorax, truncate and unarmed at the apex. 
Middle and front femora glabrous, strongly punctured and asperate 
posteriorly, pubescent and less strongly punctured in front. 
Hind femora extend past the apex of the elytra by a fifth or 
fourth of their length in the § , and by nearly" a third of their 



286 CERAMBYCID.i:. 

length in the c? • Fii'st joint of the hind tarsi scarcely longer 
than the rest united. 

Length 9-13 ; breadth 2^-3 mm. 

Hah. Tenasserim ; Karenee ; Siam ; Cochin China ; Malay 
Peninsula. 

343. Demonax dignus, Gahan, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, xxxiv, p. 2G 

(1894). 

Head black, sometimes ferruginous, thinly covered \\ii\\ grey 
pubescence ; prothorax ferruginous red, sparsely pubescent, the 
front margin blackish, the base narrowly bordered "with white 
pubescence. Elytra dark brown, each marked with a transverse 
spot and two bands of ashy-white pubescence; the spot crosses the 
disc at about one-fifth from the base ; the first band crosses some- 
what obliquely at the middle and is continued forwards for some 
distance along the suture; the second band is placed at about one- 
fifth from the apes ; this band has its posterior border ill-defined, 
the elytron between it and the apex covered with grey pubescence. 
Body beneath grey, the prosternum between and just before the 
coxae, the mesosternura, the hind border of the metasternum, spots 
on the episterna and the first two abdominal segments in their 
greater part white. Antennte cinereous, about equal in length 
to the body in the $ , slightly longer in the (S : third and fourth 
joints shortly spined at the apex. Prothorax subcylindrical, about 
one-third longer than broad ; finely asperate or granulated. 
Elytra about two and a half times as long as the prothorax, very 
feebly dentate at the outer angles of the truncate apex. Eront 
and middle femora strongly punctured and asperate, especially on 
their posterior face : hind femora less strongly punctured, ex- 
tend some distance past the apex of the elytra in both sexes. 
First joint of bind tarsi slightly longer than the remaining joints 
united. 

Length 11-13; hreadth 2|-3 mm. 

Hah. Burma : Karenee (Fea), Euby Mines district (Doherty). 

344. Demonax leucoscutellatus, Hope (Clytus\ Grat/s ZooL Misc. 

p. 26 (1831). 
Ehaphiima semiscutellata, Chew. Mem. Soc. li. Sci. de Lieqe, 
xviii, p. 282 (1863). 

Head and prothorax testaceous, the head rather densely covered 
in front with yellow pubescence in the S ; prothorax marked 
above with a narrow, elongate, postero-median black spot, the 
base narrowly bordered with white on each side ; scutellum \^hite 
except at the base. The elytra vary from yellowish to brownish 
testaceous, blackish near the apex, each marked with a narrow 
obliqi^p spot and two bauds of white pubescence ; the spot placed 
near the suture at about one-fifth from the base ; the first band 
very narrow, slightly oblique, crosses a little behind the middle 



DEMONAX, 287 

the second baud broader, transverse, is placed at about one-fifth 
from the apex. Body beneatli blackish, tlie middle of the pro- and 
mesosternum, an oblique spot on the mesothoracic episterna, an 
elongate spot on the episterua of the metathorax and a transverse 
band at the hind border of the metasternum, covered with white 
pubescence ; in the c? the first four abdominal segments are 
more or less completely covered with dense white pubescence ; in 
the 2 5 the first segment is testaceous with a posterior white band 
on each side, the second black with a slightly broader white band, 
the last three entirely black with a thin covering of grey pubes- 
cence. Antennae as long as the body in the c? , slightly sliorter 
in the $; testaceous to dark brown in colour; third and fourth 
joints shortly spined at the apex. Prothorax about one-third 
longer than broad, subcylindrical, rugulose-puuctate. Hind 
femora extending by a fourth of their length past the apex of the 
elytra. 

Variation. Prothorax with a black spot on each side in addition 
to the black spot above. Elytra black or dark brown not only at 
the apex but also on the whole area included between the two 
white bands. 

Length 10-12 ; breadth 2-2h mm. 

Hah. Nepal ; Sikhim ; Assam : Naga Hills and Patkai Mts. 
(Doherty) ; Manipur {Doherty). 

345. Demonax testaceus, Hope (Clvtus), Grays Zool. Ilisc p. 28 
(1831). 

Head and prothorax testaceous, elytra yellowish testaceous ; 
head sparsely covered with yellowish-white pubescence ; prothorax 
with a faint greyish-tawny pubescence interspersed with longish 
erect hairs ; elytra marked each witli three very small patches of 
white pubescence, the first very close to, and the others at, the 
suture, the rest of the surface thinly covered with rather long 
tawny pubescence. Eyes very feebly emargiuate. Antennae 
testaceous, rather closely approximated at the base, longer thau 
the body ; third and fourth joints spined at the apex, the spines 
short ; third longer than the fourth, and nearly twice as long as 
the first, second twice as long as broad. Prothorax one-third 
longer than broad, subcylindrical, gradually and very slightly 
narrowed in front, scarcely narrowed towards the base ; finely 
and very densely punctured. Elytra densely punctate, truncate 
at the apex with the outer angles rounded off. Body beneath 
black ; spots or bands of white pubescence at the sides of the 
mesothorax and abdomen and on the middle of the prosternum 
and mesosternum. Legs testaceous, slender ; hind femora ex- 
tending by nearly a third of their length past the apex of the 
elytra. First joint of hind tarsi about twice as long as the second 
and third united. 

Lenyth 9 ; hreadtli 2 mm. 

Hob. Nepal. 



288 



CEEAMBTCID^. 



346. Demonax decens, sp. n. 

Head and prothorax testaceous red ; the first covered somewhat 
sparseh' in front and on the vertex with luteous-white pubescence ; 
prothorax very faintly pubescent, but marked on each side above 
with three small \\hite spots — one at the front margin, one at the 

middle and the third at the base; 
elytra testaceous for about a third of 
their length from the base in the 
middle and to a greater extent at the 
sides, the rest black-brown, each ely- 
tron max'ked with a round spot at the 
base and three bands of ashy-white 
pubescence ; the first band begins a 
little way behind the scutellum, runs 
along the suture up to the middle, and 
thence bends outwai-ds to the middle 
of the disc ; the second baud placed 
behind the first, follows a similar 
course but extends farther outwards, 
reaching almost to the lateral margin ; 
the third lies along the apical fifth of 
the suture and is slightly wider at its 
posterior end. A ntennse a little longer 
than the body in the c? , shorter in 
the 2 ; testaceous in colour ; third 
and fourth joints, and the fifth less 
strongly, spined at the apex. Prothorax oblong-ovate, as wide in 
the middle as the base of the elytra ; with a feebly raised obtuse 
median costa on the hinder half of the disc. Breast and abdomen 
black, banded with white pubescence ; the prothorax marked just 
above the coxa with a white spot which is united by a white line 
with the basal spot seen from above. Legs testaceous ; \A"itli the 
bind femora dark brown towards the apex ; first joint of the hind 
tarsus equal in length to the remaining joints united. 
Lenr/tli 8-12 ; breadth 2-3 mm. 

Hah. Southern India: Anaimalai Hills (II. L. Andreu'es), Jsilgiri 
Hills. 




Fig. 95. — Demonax decens, 
Gahan. X ?. 



347. Demonax decorus, sp. n. 

Moderately elongate ; deep black, with a tawny-grey pubescence 
that covers the head and most of the prothorax and a yellowish- 
grey pubescence formed into bands on the elytra. Prothorax with 
a narrow transverse black spot on each side of the middle of the 
disc. Elytra with (1) a triangular dark grey spot on each at the 
base; (2) a narrow yellowish-grey band that begins at the suture 
a little behind the scutellum, passes obliquely backwards towards 
the middle of the disc, which it reaches at about one-fourth of its 
length from the base, and then is sharply curved round and runs 



DEMONAX. 289 

obliquely fomvards to the side ; (3) a very broad yellowish-grey 
band crosses the elytra behiud the middle, has its front margiii 
somewhat rounded and its hind margin straight ; (4) an ill-detined 
dark grey band at the apex. Antenna? almost as long as the 
body in the d , about one-tifth shorter than it in the $ ; first four 
or five joints black, the rest cinereous ; third and fourth with a 
long spine at the apex, fifth as a rule unarmed, but occasionally 
with a distinct spine at the apex. Prothorax oblong-ovate, as 
wide in the middle as the base of the elytra. Elytra shortly spiued 
at the outer angles of the truncate apex. Body beneath black ; 
with a dense white pubescence formed into spots on the epimera 
of the meso- and metathoras, and spread over the whole of the 
second abdominal segment as well as the postero-lateral parts of 
the first ; the sterna covered less densely with a greyish or white 
pubescence. Legs black, sparsely setose, faintly pubescent ; the 
fejuora distinctly but not very thickly punctured ; first joint of 
the hind tarsus slightly longer than the remaining joints united. 

Lenr/th 10-14 ; breadth 2^-3^ mm, 

Hab. Southern India : Anaimalai Hills (iT. L. Andrewes). 

348. Demonax reticoUis, Gahan, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genoc. xxxiv p '>8, 
pl. 1, tig. 7 (1894). '" '^•~' 

Narrow and elongate ; black, the head and prothorax covered 
with greyish pubescence, the prothorax white at the basal margin 
on each side ; scutellum white. Elytra dark brown, somewhat 
lighter in colour towards the base, marked with bands of ashy- 
white pubescence ; the first band begins at the base close to the 
scutellum, follows the suture for some distance, then diverges 
from it and at about one-third from the base runs transversely to 
the side but does not quite reach the outer margin ; the second 
band is placed transversely a little behind the middle and is slightly 
prolonged anteriorly at the suture ; the third band, also transverse, 
IS placed at the apex. Body beneath grey, the sides of the breast 
and of the first two abdominal segments whitish. Antennfe 
covered with grey pubescence, a little shorter than the body in the 
$ ; third and fourth joints armed each with a rather long'slender 
spnie at the apex. Prothorax oblong-ovate, covered above and at 
the sides with shallow punctures, the interstices very narrow and 
feebly raised, forming a reticulation. 

Length 13 mm. 

IJab. Bunna : Kareuee (Feci). 

349. Demonax walkeri, Pascue (Clvtus), Trans. Ent. Soc. (•>) V p -yj 
(1859). ' ^ ; , p. -/ 

Black ; densely covered above with ashy-grey pubescence ; pro- 
thorax marked with two round black spots above ; elytra marked 
each with three large black spots that extend from the outer 

TOL. I. ^ 



290 CEB.VMBTClDiE. 

margin to vvithin a short distance of the suture, the first spot just 
behind the shoulder, the second in front of the middle, the third 
between the middle and the apex ; the second spot is widened to- 
wards the outer margin. Body beneath ashy grey, the episterna of 
the meso- and metathorax, the hind border of the metasternum, and 
a postero-lateral transverse spot on each of the first two abdominal 
segments white. Antenna? ashy grey, about equal in length to 
the body in the $ , exceeding it by the last two joints in the J ; 
third and fourth joints subeqiial in length, very distinctly spined 
at the apex ; fifth longer, unarmed. Prothorax ovate-cylindrical. 
Elytra dentate at the outer angles of the truncate apex. Hind 
femora extending past the apex of the elytra by nearly a fifth of 
their length in the $ and by more than a third of their length in 
the (S ; subdentate at the apex. Pirst joint of hind tarsus rather 
more than twice as long as the next two joints united. 

Length 65-I3 ; hreadth lg-3 mm. 

Hah. Ceylon. 



350. Demonax andamanicus, sp. n. 

Black ; head and prothorax covered \\'\t\\ grey pubescence, pro- 
thorax with a broad black baud across the middle ; scutellum 
\\hite ; elytra black, marked with three ashy-grey bands — the first 
at rather less than one-third from the base, widened or curved 
forward anteriorly at the suture, the second transverse, placed a 
little behind the middle, the third at the apex. Body beneath 
black, faintly covered with dark grey pubescence ; prosternum in 
front of the coxie, mesosternum between the coxa3, an oblique spot 
on each of the mesothoracic episterna, a broad band across the 
hind part of the metathorax and a transverse posterior band on 
each of the first two abdominal segments white. Head marked 
above w ith a few sparse punctures. Antennae nearly twice as long 
as the body in the S , longer than the body by one or two joints 
in the $ ; first six joints more or less densely covered with ashy- 
grey pubescence, the rest dark bro\\"n ; third to sixth spined at 
the apex, the spines rather short and slender. Prothorax about 
one-third longer than broad, widest at the middle, feebly con- 
stricted in front ; tlie upper sui-face asperate along the middle. 
Elytra somewhat obliquely truncate at the apex, feebly dentate at 
the outer angles. Hind femora extend by about one-fourth of 
their length past the apex of the elytra in the J , sharply dentate 
at the apex ; middle femora rather strongly asperate at the sides 
in the distal half, sharply dentate at the apex, the front femora 
asperate posteriorly near the apex. First joint of the hind tarsi 
more than twice as long as the next tw united. 
Lem/ih 11-lS ; hreadth 2^-4: mm. 
Hah. Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 



DEMONAX, 291 



351. Demonax macilentus, Chevr. (Macrocyrta) Rev. et Mag. de Zool. 

l8o8, p. 82 ; id. Thomson's Archiv Ent. i, p. 417 (1858) ; id. 
(Acrocyrta) Mein. Sac. 11. Sci. de Liige, xviii, p. 260 (1863) j 
Pascoe (Demonax), Tram. Ent. Soc. (3) iii, p. 623 (1869). 

Head, protliorax, body beneath, legs and first five joints of 
antennai covered with ashy-grey pubescence ; prothorax w ith two 
widely separated black spots above. Elytra black or dark brown, 
with five bands oi ashy-grey pubescence ; the first band basal, not 
very distinct ; the second, placed obliquely outwards and backwards, 
proceeds from a little behind the scutellum and is then bent round 
and directed towards the shoulder ; the third crosses transversely 
just before the middle and is produced anteriorly for some distance 
along the suture ; the fourth, a rather broad band, is placed between 
the middle and the apex, its front margin somewhat rounded ; the 
fifth band at the apex. Head sparsely punctured above behind 
the antennae and eyes. Antennae a little longer than the body in 
the $ , exceeding it in length by the last two or three joints in 
the S ; third and fourth joints spined at the apex, the spine rather 
short but distinct, fourth shorter than the third or fifth. Pro- 
thorax nearly one-third longer than broad, feebly rounded at the 
sides, widest just behind the middle, furnished with a somewhat 
obtuse median carina on the posterior half of the disc. Elytra 
somewhat obliquely truncate at the apex, the outer angles feebly 
dentate. Hind femora extend past the apex of the elytra slightly 
in the 2 , by nearly a third of their length in the S , and are 
distinctly dentate at the apex. Eirst joint of hind tarsi about 
twice as long as the next two joints united. 

Variation. In Burmese examples the elytral bands are ashy 
white, the second band does not begin at the suture as in the type 
but at a very short distance from it : the pubescence that covers the 
body beneath is whitish on the prosternum, between and in front 
of the coxae on the mesosteruum, the episterna and the sides of 
the first three abdominal segments. 

Length 14-19 ; breadth 3-4 mm. 

Hah. Burma : Karenee {Fea) ; Malay Peninsula : Penang, 
Singapore. 

352. Demonax dohertii, sp. n. 

Black, densely covered with yellowish-grey pubescence ; elytra 
mouse-grey, marked each with an oblique spot and two bands of 
black velvety pubescence, the spot placed on the disc at about one- 
fourth from the base ; the first band, placed wholly in front of the 
middle, is strongly oblique, extends from the suture to the side 
and is there somewhat widened ; the second band broader, very 
slightly oblique, rounded at end, is placed at a little more than 
one-fourth from the apex and does not quite attain to the suture 
or to the outer margin. Antennae of § extend to middle of elytra ; 

v2 



292 CEEAMBYCID.i:. 

fourth joint strongly spined at the apex, the third less strongly 
spiued. Prothorax oblong-ovate. Elytra three times as long as 
broad, transversely truncate at the apex, the outer angles dentate. 
Hind femora reach to the apex of the elytra in the $ . First joint 
of hind tarsi twice as long as the second and third united. 

Lenfjtli 13 ; hreadth 2^ mm. 

Hab. Mauipur {Doherty). 



353. Demonax mulio, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Soc. (3) iii, p. G3o (1869). 

Black ; head and prothorax densely covered vdth grey pubes- 
cence, the prothorax with two more or less widely separated nude 
black spots above. Elytra black or dark brown, somewhat velvety, 
broadly banded with ashy-grey or yellowish-grey pubescence ; the 
first grey band basal, curved and continued backwards some dis- 
tance on each side of the disc ; the second band narrowly triangular 
with its apex almost touching the scutellum, its base continued on 
each side as a short transverse band from which an anterior branch 
is given off ; the third is a broad band placed for the greater part 
behind the middle with its front margin more or less rounded ; 
the fourth a broad apical band. Body beneath covered with 
pubescence chiefly of a grey colour, but moi'e or less whitish on 
the middle of the prosternum and mesosternum, on the episterna 
of the meso- and metathorax and on the second abdominal seg- 
ment. Antennae shorter than the body in both sexes ; third and 
fourth joints strongly spined at the apex, the fifth witli a very 
feeble spine. Prothorax broadly ovate or subglobular, as wide in 
the middle as the base of the elytra, reticulate-punctate. Elytra 
about two and a half times as long as the prothorax, dentate at 
the outer angles of the apex. Bind femoi'a extended by a fourth 
of their length past the apex of the elytra in the $ . First joint 
of the hind tarsi about twice as long as the next two joints united. 

Length 8-12 ; breadth 2-3 mm. 

Hab. Assam Valley and Patkai Mts. {Doherty) ; Malay Penin- 
sula ; Borneo. 

354. Demonax quadricolor, Guhan, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genov. xxxiv, 
p. 101 (1894). 

Head, antennae, prothorax, body beneath and legs covered with 
ashy-grey pubescence, the episterna of the meso- and metathorax 
densely covered with wliitish pubescence. Elytra marked with 
differently coloured bauds of pubescence ; the first band, placed at 
the base, is asliy grey and encloses an obliquely elongated black 
spot ; the second band is black, narrow and strongly oblique ; the 
third greyish tawny, somewhat triangular in form, placed just 
behind the middle ; the fourth transverse, tawny brown in colour; 
the fifth is a rather broad, transverse, apical band of a greyish- 
tawny colour like the second. The antenntc do not extend beyond 



DEMONAX. 293 

the middle of the elytra in the 5 > third and fourth joints armed 
each with, a A^ery short spine at the apex. 

Length 10| mm. 

Ilab. Tenasserim : Mt. Mooleyit (Fea). 



355. Demonax fryanus, sp. n. 

Black ; liead, protliorax, antenute and legs covered with ashy- 
grey pubescence. Elytra brownish black, tomentose, banded with 
ashy-grey pubescence ; the first band placed at the base, shghtly 
widened and curved back just Avithin the shoulder ; the second, 
which is very narrow, begins at the suture just behind the scu- 
tellum, diverges from tlie suture and at about one-fourth from 
the base is bent round so as to run a little obliquely to the side ; 
the tliird is a rather broad transverse band placed behind the 
middle and widened anteriorly at the suture; the fourth is an 
apical transverse band. Body beneath ashy grey, the episterna 
of the meso- and metathorax and the first two abdominal segments 
whitish, last three segments of abdomen blackish. Antennae 
three-fourths of the length of the body in the 5 ; third and fourth 
joints spined at the apex, the spine on the third short, that on 
the fourth longer and more distinct. Prothorax subglobose, as 
wide in the middle as the base of the elytra, rather densely punc- 
tate, the interstices frequently formed into fine reticulations. 
Elytra broadly truncate at the apex, very feebly denticulate at the 
outer angles. Hind legs long, slender ; the femora extend by 
a third of their length past the apex of the elytra ; the first joint 
of the tarsi three times as long as the second and third united. 

Length 7-9 ; breadth 1|-2| mm. 

IJah. Burma : Euby Mines district (Doherty). 

This species somewhat closely resembles the Chinese D. hoiv- 
riiigi, Pasc, in the markings of the elytra. 



356. Demonax quadricollis, sp. n. 

Black, covered with yellowish-grey or greenish-grey pubescence ; 
prothorax with a small black spot on the disc just behind the 
middle. Elytra dull brownish black, banded with yellowish-grey 
pubescence; the first band crosses the base and is curved back- 
wards just inside the shoulders ; the second extends from the 
basal band along the suture, diverges a little from the suture 
posteriorly, and then is bent so as to run transversely or a little 
obliquely forwards to the outer margin ; the third band is trans- 
verse, triangularly dilated in front at the suture and placed wholly 
behind the middle ; the fourth at the apex, elongated at the suture 
in form of a triangle, the apex of which touches the band in front. 
Body beneath yellowish grey, the episterna of the mesothorax and 
metathorax and the sides of the abdominal segments luteous white. 
Antennae equal in length to the body in (S , shorter in $ ; third 



204 CERAMBYCID.E. 

and fourth joints spiued at the apex. Prothorax scarcely longer 
than broad, almost parallel-sided in the anterior seven-eighths of 
its length, narrowed at the base, the surface reticulate-punctate. 
Elj-tra less than three times as long as broad, transversely trun- 
cate at apex. Legs slender ; hind femora extend by about one- 
fourth of their length past the apex of the elytra in the J , by one- 
fifth in the $ . First jcunt of hind tarsi more than twice as long 
as the second and third united. 

Length 6g-7 ; breadth 1| mm. 

Mab. Burma : Karen Mts. (Doherty). 

II. Lateral margins of ehjtra more or less distinctli/ sinuate in the 
middle J episterna of metathorax ajrpear narrowed in front, 

A. Antennal spines verg short. 

357. Demonax bicinctus, Hope (Clytus), Grains Zool. Misc. p. 28 

(1831). 

Head black, thickly covered with ashy-grey pubescence ; pro- 
thorax ferruginous red, narrowly bordered with white at the base 
on each side ; scutellum black ; base of elytra testaceous-yellow, 
the rest dark brown, marked with three bands of ashy-white 
pubescence — the first band begins at the suture a little behind the 
scutellum, runs obliquely backwards and outwards to the side 
and is thex'e slightly bent forwards ; the second band crosses 
transversely a little behind the middle, is gradually widened 
towards and a little produced in front at the suture ; the third 
band is placed at the apex ; breast and abdomen black ; the 
episterna of the meso- and metathorax, the hind border of the 
metasternum, and a posterior band on each of the first two 
abdominal segments white. Antennte about as long as the body 
in the (5 , shorter in the $ ; third and fourth joints obsoletely 
spined at the apex. Prothorax subglobose, scarcely longer than 
its width across the middle, densely rugulose-punctate. Sides of 
the elytra extend downwards near the base, the metathoracic 
episterna appear very narrow in front and wider behind. Hind 
feuiora extend well beyond the apex of the elytra. First joint 
of hind tarsi slightly longer than the remaining joints united. 

Length 11-12 ; breadth 3 mm. 

Hab. Nepal. 

358. Demonax dimidiatus, CJteir. (Ehapbuma) Man. Sac. JR. Sci. de- 

Lii'(je, xviii, p. 279 (1863). 

Black, rather closely covered with short dark grey pubescence ; 
elytra marked each with a paler, elongate, ashy-gi-ey spot, sur- 
rounded by some glabrous black patches near the base, with a 
lateral pubescent black spot at about one-fourth from the apex. 
Body beneath dark grey, the episterna of the mesothorax, the 
sides of the metathorax and first three abdominal segments ashy 



DEMONAX. 295 

white. Antenna) reach to tlie apical third or fourth of the elytra 
in the $ ; its third and fourth joints feebly spined at the apex, 
Prothorax oblong-ovate, nearly one-third longer than broad, linely 
and very densely granulate-punctate. Elytra transversely trun- 
cate at the apex, scarcely dentate at the outer angles. Episterna 
of metathorax strongly overlapped in front by the sides of the 
elytra. The hind femora extend by nearly a third of their length 
past the apex of the elytra. First joint of hind tarsi about twice 
as long as the second and third united. 

Variation. The posterior black spot on each elytron is some- 
times very small and occasionally disappears ; the black area at 
the base is sometimes limited to a band surrounding tlie pale grey 
spot or even to two lines at the side of it united by an oblique 
line posteriorly. The sides of the abdomen along their wliole 
length and the metasternum, except in the middle, are sometimes 
white. 

Lenrjth 8-10 ; hreadth 2-2^ mm. 

Hah. Southern India : Nilgiri Hills {H. L. Andrewes). 

359. Demonax albomaculatus, Allanl (Clytus), Le Natwaliste, (2) 

viii, p. 1G2 (1894). 

Black, rather closely covered with short lead-grey pubescence ; 
elytra with three small oval spots of white pubescence — one on 
the disc of each at somewhat less than a third of its length from 
the base ; the third spot sutural, placed at a short distance behind 
the scutellum. Body beneath grey, the episterna of the meso- 
aud metathorax and four spots along each side of the abdomen 
white. Antennie extend to the apical fourth of the elytra in the 
2 , to the apex in the cJ ; third and fourth joints feebly spined at 
the apex, third subequal in length to the fifth, distinctly longer than 
the fourth, second subcyliudrical, one-third longer than broad. Pro- 
thorax oblong-ovate, very densely and very finely punctate. The 
hind femora extend by about a fifth of their length past the apex 
of the elytra in the cS . Eirst joint of hind tarsi less than twice 
as long as the second and third united. Episterna of metathorax 
strongly overlapped in front by the sides of the elytra. 

Variation. In some examples that differ in no other respect 
from the typical form the white spots of the elytra are wanting 
and the whole of the upperside presents a uniform lead-grey 
colour. 

Length 9-11 ; breadth 2-2^ mm. 

Hah. Southern India: Madura, Kodaikanal Mts. (J. Castets). 

B. Antennal spines distinct. 

360. Demonax divisus, Chevr. Mem. Soc.R. 8ci.de Liege, xviii. p. 271 

(1863). 

Black, rather densely covered with ashy-grey pubescence ; scu- 
tellum blackish ; elytra black, marked with three pubescent white 



296 CEEAJJBXCID.i:. 

spots and two very broad transverse asby-white bands — one sub- 
median, tbe otlier apical, the base narrowly covered witb darker 
grey pubescence ; one of the tbree wbite spots is at tbe suture 
just behind the scutellum, the others are placed one on tbe disc of 
each elytron a little in front of the submedian band. Body be- 
neath ashy grey, the meso- and metathorax whitish at the sides, a 
large white spot at each side of the first and second abdominal 
segments. Anteunte, which extend a little past the middle of the 
elytra, ashy grey ; third and fourth joints spiued at the apex, the 
fifth also, but very feebly. Episterna of metathorax strongly 
overlapped in front by the sides of the elytr?. 

Lenr/th 11 ; breadth 2| mm. 

B((h. Southern India : Nilgiri Hills. 

3(31. Demonax albicinctus, Ilojje (Clytus), Grai/'s Zool. Misc. p. 28 
(1831). 
Clytus iiliformis, Lap. et Gory, Hist. Nat. et Iconoyr. des Ins. Coleopt. 
{Moyi. du (jenre Clytus), p. 95, i^l. 18, fig. 112 (1811). 

Black ; the elytra marked with three ashy-white bands ; the 
first band, w hich is very narrow and whiter than the other two, 
begins at the suture a little behind the scutellum, runs obliquely 
backwards a short distance and then curves out to the edge of the 
disc : the second crosses straight from the suture to the outer 
margin a little behind the middle ; the third is placed transvex'sely 
at the apex. Body beneath black, faiiitly covered with grey 
pubescence, with spots of white pubescence on each side of the 
mesothorax, metathorax and first abdominal segment. Autennse 
scarcely reach past the middle of the elytra in the $ , a little 
longer in the 6 : third, fourth and fifth joints spined at the apex, 
the spine on the fourth distinct, that on the fifth minute. Pro- 
thorax oblong-ovate, nearly as wide in the middle as the base of 
the elytra, densely reticulate-punctate. Hind femora extend \xe\\ 
beyond the apex of the elytra in both sexes. First joint of hind 
tarsi twice as long as the second and third united. Episterna of 
metathorax almost entirely overlapped in front by the sides of the 
elytra. 

Length 7-9 ; breadth ]J-2 mm. 

Hab. Nepal. 

3G2. Demonax ascendens, Pascoe (Clvtus), Trans. Ent. Soc. (2) v, p. 27 
(1859). 
Ilhaphuma geuiculata, Chcvr. Mem. Soc. It. Set. Lieye, xviii, p. 280 
(1863). 

Black ; head and prothorax very faintly veiled \\ith bluish-grey 
pubescence, the prothorax with a median black spot above ; elytra 
marked each with three ashy-grey bands and a \ev\ narrow wliite 
one; the latter begins at the suture a little behind the scutellum, 
diverges slightly from the suture as it passes backwards, and at 
rather more than one-third from the base curves outwards to the 



DEMONAX. 297 

lateral part of the disc ; one of the grey bands is at the base and 
is somewhat indistinct, another at or jnst before the middle, 
approaches closely to the hind part of the white band, the third is 
at the apex. Body beneath black, with white bands on the episterua 
of the meso- and nietathorax and on the first abdominal segment. 
The antennie do not reach past the middle of elytra in the 2 ; 
brownish black, the first two joints testaceous, second nearly twice 
as long as broad ; third, fourth and fifth spiued at the apex, the 
spines very small. Prothorax subglobose, densely punctulate. 

Length 0|-S ; breadth Ig-^ mm. 

Hah. India: North- West Provinces, Saharanpur (£". P. Stehhing); 
Ceylon, 

363. Demonax formicoides, Lameere (Clytus), C. R. Soc. Ent. Behj- 
1890, p, ccxii. 

Black ; the head sparsely covered with yellow pubescence in 
front ; prothorax glabrous, glossy ; elytra dull black, faintly 
tomentose, mai'ked with three elongate spots and a transverse 
median band of pale yellow pubescence, the apex broadly covered 
with ashy-grey pubescence ; one of the spots placed on the suture 
a little behind the scutellum, the other two farther back, placed 
obliquely one on the disc of each elytron. Body beneath black, 
the postero-lateral borders of the nietasternum, the episterua of 
the metathorax, a spot on each of the mesothoracic episterua and 
a large spot at each side of the first abdominal segment covered 
with dense \Ahite pubescence ; front femora entii'ely, the middle 
and hind femora at the base, ferruginous red. The antennse extend 
a little past the middle of the elytra ; first two joints and the 
bases of the next three or four ferruginous, the rest dark brown ; 
third, fourth and fifth spiued at the apex, the spine on the fifth 
minute, that on the third and fourth quite distinct. Pi'othorax 
rounded at the sides, narrowed at base, its surface asperate. Epi- 
sterua of metathorax overlapped in front by the sides of the elytra. 
The hind femora extend well beyond the apex of the elytra. 

Length 7|j-8 ; breadth 2 mm. 

Hah. Chutia Nagpur : Kunbir and Nowatoli, 



364. Demonax maculicollis, sp. n. 

Black ; head covered faintly in front w ith grey pubescence ; 
prothorax glabrous, subnitid, marked with a small median spot of 
yellow pubescence a little in front of the base ; elytra marked with 
three spots of yellow pubescence in front, a transverse band of 
yellow pubescence just behind themiddle, and another similar band 
at the apex which is partly yellow, partly ashy grey. Body be- 
neath black ; a large transverse spot on the prostei'num, a spot on 
each of the meso- and metathoracic episterua, the postero-lateral 
angles of the metasternum and a large spot ou each side of the 



298 CERAMBYC1D.5:. 

first abdominal segment yellow. Antennae reach to the apical 
third of the elytra ; first joint ferruginous, the rest blackish with 
a faint covering of grey pubescence ; third, fourth and fifth spined 
at the apex ; second joint cylindrical, twice as long as broad : 
third much longer than the fourth or fifth. Prothorax rounded at 
sides, narrowed at base, the surface snbasperate or rugulose. 
Episterna of metathorax wholly or very nearly covered in front by 
the sides of the elytra. Legs black, faintly pubescent, sparsely 
furnished with long setfe. 

LeiKjtli 9 ; hreadtli 2 mm. 

Bah. Southern India : North Canara (T. R. D. Bell). 

This species is closely allied to D.formicoides, Lam., and resembles 
it much in markings ; the anterior sutural spot of the elytra is 
only slightly oblong, the discal spots are obliquely oval. 

365. Demonax delesserti, C/ievr. Mem. Soc. R. Sci. de Lie<je, xviii, 
p. 273 (18(33). 

Black, with a faint covering of ashy-grey pubescence ; prothorax 
ashy grey for nearly a third of its length from the base, the rest 
black, subnitid ; scutellum whitish ; elytra dull blaclf, each with a 
short, oblique, anterior band and a transverse median band of 
yellowish pubescence, also an apical band of ashy-grey pubescence ; 
the anterior band extends from the middle of the disc and reaches 
the suture a little behind the scutellum ; the median band is 
somewhat broader in the middle, narrowed towards each side. 
Body beneath faintly ashy grey ; the episterna of the mesothorax, 
the hind border of the metathorax, and a broad band, interrupted 
in the middle, on the first abdominal segment pale yellow ; front 
legs wholly, the middle and hind ones at the base only, ferruginous. 
Antennse black, a little longer than half the body : third, fourth 
and fifth joints spined at the apex, third joint much longer than 
the fourth. Prothorax oblong-ovate, narrowed and depressed at 
the base, the surface asperate. 

Length 8 ; breadth 3 mm. 

Hah. Southern India : Pondicherry. 

This s))ecies, which I have not seen, is evidently very closely 
allied to D. formicoides, Lam., and D. macidicollis, Gahan. 



306. Demonax persimilis, Chevr. Mem. Soc. R. Sci. de Lieye, xviii, 
p. 275 (1803). 

Black ; prothorax narrowly bordered with white pubescence at 
the base ; elytra dull black, faintly tomentose, marked with three 
bands of ashy-while pubescence — a A -shaped band in front with 
its apex at the suture a little behind the scutellum, a transverse 
band at the middle and another at the apex. Body beneath 
black, with the metathoracic episterna, a spot on each of the meso- 
thoracic episterna, the hind border of the metasternum, and a 



PSILOMERUS. 299 

lateral transverse spot on each of the first two abdominal segments 
white. Antennae extend past the middle of the elytra ; first two 
joints ferruginous, the rest dark brown, faintly covered with grey 
pubescence; third, fourth and fifth distinctly spined at the apex, 
tlie spine on the fourth longest. Prothoi-ax rounded at the sides, 
narrowed at base, its surface reticulate-punctate. Episterna of 
metathorax overlapped in front by the sides of the elytra. 

Length 6-7 ; breadth 2 mm. 

Hah. Southern India : Nilgiri Hills. 

This species is allied to D. formkoides, Lameere ; it resembles it 
in form and to a considerable extent also in its markings, but the 
bands of the elytra are all ashy-white in colour, and instead of 
three spots in front there are two oblique, very slightly curved 
bands which meet at the suture ; occasionally, however, these 
bands are slightly interrupted, appearing then as three spots. 

367. Demonax funebris, Lameere (Clytus), C. li. Soc. Eitt. Belg. 1890, 
p. ccxii. 

" Elongate, black ; the antennae black, fourth joint spined, the 
sides of the thorax evenly rounded ; elytra nitid, lightly coria- 
ceous ; a solitary small spot behind the scutellum, a rounded 
discoidal spot before the middle, an oblique fascia after the middle 
and the apices white, the breast and sides of the abdomen beneath 
with white spots.'' 

" Length 9 mm. 

"■Hah. Hindostan." {Lameere.) 

Genus PSILOMERUS. 

Psilomerus, Chevr. 3Iem. Soc. B. Sci. de IJege, xviii, p. 257 (1863) ; 
Lacord. Gen. CoUopt. ix, p. 70 (1869). 

Type, P. angustus, Chevr. 

Range. Southern India, Malay Peninsula and Philippine Islands. 

Narrow and elongate in form. Head with a feeble elevation on 
each side between the antenna ; face subvertical, rectangular, 
longer than broad ; eyes rather small, feebly emarginate. Antennae 
slender, filiform, a little longer than the body in the c5' ? shorter in 
the 2 ; third joint not longer than the fourth, as a rule much 
shorter, armed with a long slender spine at the apex, the spine 
cylindrical, not widened at the base, sometimes thickened at the 
extremity ; fourth and following joints unarmed. Prothorax 
longer than broad, subcylindrical, nearly as wide at the base as in 
the middle, slightly narrowed in front. Elytra a little broader 
than the prothorax, more or less parallel-sided, truncate at the 
apex, the lateral margins nearly straight. Legs long, slender ; 
femora gradually thickened from near the middle, the hind pair 
extended some distance beyond the apex of the elytra ; first joint 
of hind tarsi loncrer than the rest united. 



300 



CEKAMBTCIDyi;. 



This genus resembles Demo)Hi.v,Thoms., but is somewhat narrower 
in form, and distinguishable from it by the relatively short third 
antennal joint, and the peculiar form of the spine with which this 
joint is armed at the apex. 



368. Psilomerus angustus, Chevr. Mem. Soc. R. Sci. de Liege, xviii, 
p. 257 (1863). 

Head and prothorax ferruginous red, with a thin covering of 

luteous-grey pubescence ; elytra 
densely covered with yellow 
pubescence, marked each with 
three large dark brown spots, the 
first two oblong, placed on the 
disc, one near the base, the other 
at the middle ; the third begins 
as a transverse spot on the disc 
at about one-third from the apex, 
and is continued backwards along 
the side almost up to the apex. 
Body beneath dark brown, with 
dense white pubescence that 
forms a spot on each of tiie 
mesothoracic episterna, a band 
along the metathoracic episterna, 
and a large spot at the side of 
each abdominal segment ; an- 
tennae and legs dark brown, 
somewhat reddish towards the 
base. Head and prothorax finely 
and very densely punctulate. 
Third antennal joint about half 
the length of the fourth, its long slender apical spine slightly 
thickened at the extreme end. Hind femora extend by a third 
of their length past the apex of the elytra in the <3 . 
Lenr/tJi 5.J-8 ; breadth l-l-f mm. 
Hah. Southern India : Nilgiri Hills. 




Fig. 96. 
Psilomerus angustus, Chevr 



369. Psilomerus timaculatus, sp. n. 

Head and prothorax ferruginous red, faintlv covered with 
tawny pubescence ; elytra brown, somewhat densely covered 
with rather long, closely-laid ta\A"ny pubescence, each marked with 
a dorso-Jateral round black spot at about one-fourth of its length 
from the apex ; body beneath brownish black, the episterna of the 
meso- and metathorax and the sides of tlie abdomen co\ered with 
ashy-white pubescence ; antennae and legs ferruginous, the 
thickened part of the femora dark brown. Head and prothorax 
densely and finely, the elytra more strongly punctured. Third 
antennal joint a little more than half the length of the fourth. 



OLIGOEXOPLUS. 



301 



Hiud femora extending by nearly a third of their length past the 
apex of the elvtra. • ui i 

Variation. Elvtra sometimes devoid of the posterior black spot. 
This condition has been met with in only one specimen, the largest, 
out of four which I have seen. In this specimen also the antennte, 
elytra and legs are darker ; the first antenual joint only is ferru- 
ginous, the rest dark brown. 

Lenr/th 5|-9 ; breadth 1-2 mm. 

Hub. Southern India : Nilgiri Hills {Sir G. Hampson 6,- H. L. 
Andrewes). 

370, Psilomerus hampsoni, n. sp. 

Head, prothorax and greater part of the elytra testaceous ; head 
covered 'in front with ashy-white pubescence: prothorax with a 
border of ashy-white pubescence at the base, along the lower part 
of each side, and the lateral part of the front margin ; elytra 
marked each with two spots and two oblique bands of ashy-white 
pubescence ; the spots discal, one at the base, the other at rather 
less than one-third from the base ; the bands placed one at about 
one-third, the other at one-sixth from the apex, both extend from 
the outer margin to the suture — the first produced anteriorly as a 
narrow band along the suture, the second a little widened at the 
suture; the elytra dark brown between the bands and also from 
the posterior band up to the apex. Body beneath dark brown, 
entirely or nearly covered with dense ashy-white pubescence ; 
antennae and legs testaceous, the clavate portion of the hind 
femora brown. Head and i)rothorax densely and finely, tlie elytra 
more strongly punctured. Third autennal joint subequal in length 
to the fourth. Hind femora extend by nearly a third of their 
length past the apex of the elytra in the S . 

Length P)-7 ; breadth 1| mm. 

Hab. Southern India : Nilgiri Hills {Sir G. Hampson ^- H. L. 
Andrewes). 

Genus OLIGOENOPLUS. 

Oligoenoplus, Chevr. Mem. Sue. E. Sci. de Lieye, xvii , p. 337 
(1803). 

Type, 0. ventraJis, Chevr. 

liaiu/e. Southern India. 

Head slightly raised on each side between the antennae ; front 
vertical, subquadrate. Antennae somewhat distant at base, as long 
or nearly as long as the body in the c?, ^ little shorter than the 
body in the $ ; third and fourth joints spined at the apex, 
the spines sometimes almost obsolete ; third joint much longer 
than the fourth. Prothorax not longer than broad, narrowed at 
base, very slightly narrowed in front. Elytra feebly sloped behind, 
either truncate or somewhat rounded at the apex, each with a 
feeble, obtuse, dorsal elevation at the base ; the shoulders some- 



302 



CERAMBYCID.'E. 



what prominent, not carinate. Legs moderately long, the femora 
gradually subclavate, the hind pair not extended past the apex of 
the elytra in the c? ; first joint of hind tarsi scarcely longer than 
the second and third united. Episterua of metathorax narrow, 
parallel-sided. 

371. Oligoenoplus ven trails, Chcvr. Mim. Soc. li. Sci. de Li-ge, xviii, 
p. 3:37 (1803). 

Variable in colour and markings, sometimes nearly black all 
over, sometimes with the head, pronotum, elytra, legs and 
antennae of a more or less reddish-testaceous 
colour, rather densely covered above with 
pubescence, which is sometimes grey, some- 
times tawny yellow in colour ; prothorax 
with a glabrous black or red spoc or band in 
the middle ; elytra marked each with a 
brownish or black spot near the base, au 
oblique band a little in front of and another 
just behind the middle ; these bands are 
united along the suture and together with 
the corresponding bands of the other elytron 
form a somewhat X-shaped figure ; another 
black or brown spot placed about midway 
between the post median band and the apex ; 
body beneath black, more or less densely 
covered with luteous - yellow pubescence. 
Antenna) reach to the apical third of the 
elytra in the 2 , nearly to the apex in the 
(f ; third joint more or less distinctly, the 
fourth obsoletely, spined at the apex. Pro- 
thorax strongly convex above, rather strongly 
and densely punctured, the punctures more distinctly visible on 
the glabrous dorsal band. Elytra narrowly rounded or sometimes 
obliquely subtruncate at the apex. Hind femora not extended 
quite to the apex of the elytra in the <S'i first joint of hind tarsus 
not longer than the second and third united. 
Lenf/th 7-1 i ; breadth 2-2^ mm. 
HaL Southern India : Nilgiri Hills. 




Fig. 97.— 0%o- 

enophis venfralis, 

Chevr. X f- 



372. Oligoenoplus murinus, AUanl (Clvtus), Le JS'aturab'sfe (2) viii, 
p. 162 (1894). 

Black, densely covered above with yellowish-grey pubescence ; 
elytra marked \\ith a velvety black sutural band of variable 
dimensions ; when most fully developed this band extends from 
the base to the apical fourth, is moderately broad, and angu- 
lately dilated at intervals so as to form about four somewhat 
lozenge-shaped spots ; in some cases it is narrow, with only one 
or two small spots, in others it is reduced to a thin sulmal line, 



AGLAOPIIIS. 



303 



and occasionally disappeai's altogether. Body beneath black, more 
or less densely covered with yellow pubescence ; legs and antennae 
black, thinly covered with grey pubescence. The antennae reach 
to the apical fourth of the elytra in the 5 , to the apex or slightlv 
beyond it in the cT; tliird joint with a short spine at the apex, the 
fourth also but less distinctly spined. Elytra truncate at the 
apex, dentate at the outer angles. The hind femora reach almost 
to the apex of the elytra in the $ , quite to the apex in the d • 
First joint of hind tarsus a little longer than the second and third 
united. 

Length 8-10 ; hreadih 2-2| mm. 

Hah. Southern India : Madura and Kodaikanel Mts. 



Genus AGLAOPHIS. 

Ag-laophis, Thorns. Archiv. Ent. i, p. Olo (18o7) ; Lacord. Gen. 

CuUopt. ix, p. 86 (1869). 
Epodus, Chevr. Mem. Sue. R. Sci. de Liaje, xviii, p. 335 (1863) ; 

Lacord. I. c. p. 85. 

Type, A. fasciata, Thorns. 
Range. Northern India, Burma and Java. 

Resembles OUgoenoplus, Chevr., in the form and structure of the 
head and prothorax. Antennae longer than the body in the c? , 
shorter in the $ ; third and fourth joints either unarmed or obso- 
letely spined at the apex. Elytra subvertically deflexed at the sides, 
strongly sloped posteriorly ; the shoulders prominent, carinate ; 
the apices truncate, strongly spined at the outer angle ; the 
epipleures slightly widened posteriorly, with the upper edge sharp 
and prominent ; each elytron with a short 
dorsal crest or tubercle near the base. Epi- 
sterna of metathorax narrow, parallel-sided. 
Hind femora shorter than the abdomen. 
First joint of hind tarsi scarcely longer or 
not longer than the second and third united. 
This genus is very closely allied to the 
Palsearctic genus Anaglyptus, Muls. 




373. Aglaophis humerosus, Chevr. (Epodus) 
Metn. Soc. R. Sci. Liiqc, xviii, p. 330 
(1863). 

Black ; head and prothorax covered \\\{\\ 
grey pubescence, the prothorax \\ith a 
white border at the base ; scutellum white ; 
elytra black and subnitid, with the sutural 
border from the base to the middle and 
three triins verse bauds covered \\ith \\hite 
pubescence — one band at less than one- 
fourth from the base, the second at the 
middle, and the third at less than one-fourth from the apex; the 



Fig. 08. 

Aglaophis luo/ierosus, 

Chevr. X ?. 



304 CERA.MByciD.i:. 

first two bands testaceous iu part beneath the pubescence. Breast 
for the most part covered with white pubescence ; abdomen black 
and glossy, with a white baud on the second segment and a white 
spot at each side of the first. Legs and antenuaj black, spax'sely 
ciliate and faintly pubescent. 

Lenc/th 10 ; breadth 2k mm. 

Ilah. India. 



374. Aglaophis fasciata, Tlioins. ArcMv. Ent. i, p. 31G (1857). 

Reddish brown to dark brown, densely covered with greyish- 
tawnv pubescence ; elytra marked with dark brown spots — one 
near the base ; two, placed obliquely near the middle, are united 
at the suture, and with the corresponding spots of the other 
elytron form a somewhat X'^h^'^P^^^ pattern ; a fourth spot, with 
rounded front margin and oblique or sinuate hind margin, is 
placed transversely at about one-fourth from the apex ; between 
it and the apex there is a much smaller spot. Antennae nearly 
one-third longer than the body in the S • Prothorax with a 
rather strong dorso-lateral tubercle on each side, strongly narrowed 
at the base, very slightly so in front. Elytra transversely 
truncate at the apex, the sutural angles acute, the outer angles 
somewhat strongly spined. 

Length 10|-14 ; breadth 3-4| mm. 

Hab. Sikhim. 



375. Aglaophis watsoni, sp. n. 

Dark brown, the head and the body beneath covered with 
trreyish-tawny pubescence ; prothorax dark bro\^•n interspersed 
with greyish-tawny pubescence ; elytra with narrow bands of 
yellowish-tawny pubescence alternating with broader dark brown 
bands ; the basal crest on each elytron surrounded by an oblong 
dark brown spot ; the first dark brown band runs obliquely back- 
wards from the suture to the side, and is there somewhat angu- 
lately dilated ; the second is a broader transverse band placed for 
most of its extent behind the middle ; the third dark brown band 
is obliquely transverse ; the fourth, much narrower, placed at the 
apex. Antenna? reach to the apical fourth of the elytra iu the $ 
and are dark brown covered in part, especially at the base of each 
joint, with grey pubescence. Prothorax rounded at the sides, the 
disc with a postmedian cariniform tubercle. Elytra strongly spined 
at the outer apical angles. Legs reddish brown, the clavate portion 
of the femora dark brown ; the hind femora not extended past 
the third abdominal segment in the $ ; first joint of the hind 
tarsi a little longer than the second and third united. 

Lent/th 13 ; breadth '3k mm. 

//(//'. Ujtpt'r Burma : 'North Chin Hills {C^qit. E. Y. Watson). 



EPIPEDOCEEA. 305 

Group EPIPEDOOERiyi. 

Eyes small, finely facetted, usually almost entire. Prothorax 
more or less constricted at the base. ' Front coxk rounded, their 
acetabula almost or quite closed in behind. Acetabula of middle 
coxae shut off from the epimera. Episterna of metathorax narrow 
Eemora clavate. Tarsi rather short, the first joint shorter as a 
rule than tlie next two joints united; claws short, not widely 
divergent. 

Sf/nojisis of Genera. 

A. Antennas not closely approximated at 

base ; tarsal claws divergent. 

a. Prothorax broadly emarginate at base. 

a'. Mesonotum without stridulatorv 

area. 

cr. Prothorax very little or not longer 

than broad; elytra not carinate. Epipkdockra, p. 30-5. 
h-. Prothorax distinctly longer than 
broad ; elytra with short carina 

on each side Bicox, p. .310. 

h . Mesonotum witli stridulatory area ; 

elytra carinate along each side . . Centeotoclyti-s, p. -308. 
h. 1 rothorax with basal margin straight 

and entire ^. . Halmk, p. 311. 

L. Antennas closely approximated at base ; 

tarsal claws very small, approximated . Clytf.llus, p. 312. 

Genus EPIPEDOCERA. 

Epipedocera, Chevr. Mem. Soc. R. Sci. de Liege, xviii, p. 339 (1863) • 
Lacord. Gen. CoUopt. ix, p. 93 (1869). 

Type, E. zona, Chevr. 

Range. In do-Malayan Region. 

Head short, with a narrow transverse elevation bet\\eeD the 
antennae ; vertex sloped do«-n wards from the occiput ; front sub- 
vertical, transverse, tiatteued, not marked off from the clvpeus by 
lines or sutures ; eyes small, rounded or oval, entire or only very 
feebly emarginate towards the antenna?. Antenna? nearly (some- 
times quite) equal to the body in length in the S , shorter in the 
$ ; last four joints rather short, dilated, angulate in front, the first 
three at the apex and the last near the middle ; the joints from 
the third to the seventh or eighth channelled above ; the last joint 
with a short appendix, Prothorax more or less protuberant and 
rounded at the middle of each side, deeply constricted at the base : 
the base very broadly but not deeply emarginate in the middle, and 
lobed at each side. Mesonotum rather coarsely punctate, without 
stridulatory area. Elytra scarcely more than twice as long as their 
width across the base, nearly oarallel-sided, rounded externally at 

VOL. I. 



X 



306 



CER.VMBTCID.E. 



the apex ; each narrowly truncate near the suture, and armed, or 
not, with two slioi't spines. Legs stout and moderately long; 
femora gradually clavate, the hind pair extended up to, or beyond, 
the apex of the elytra in the c? ; tibije slightly curved, carinate on 
each side ; first joint of bind tarsus shorter than the next two 
united ; tarsal claws not widely divergent. Acetabula of front 
coxa? rounded, almost (sometimes quite) closed in posteriorly ; 
those of the middle coxae shut off from the epimera by the apposi- 
tion of the lateral angles of the meso- and metasternum ; inter- 
coxal part of mesosternum broad : episterna of metathorax narrow. 



V~~ — J 



376. Epipedocera zona, Chevr. Mem. Soc. B. Sci. de Liccje, xviii, p. 340 

(1803). 

Black, the femora, also sometimes the tibiae and the first 
anteunal joint, testaceous red ; elytra marked each at the middle 
with a transverse, smooth, raised, ivory-white or yellow band, 
which reaches neither to the suture nor to the outer margin ; 
scutellum covered w'ith a dense silvery-white pubescence. Head 

closely punctate. Antennae almost as 
long as the body in the c? , shorter in 
the 2 , black or brownish black ; first 
six joints glabrous and nitid, the rest 
wholly or in part pubescent ; first 
punctate, more than t^^"ice as long as 
the second, third to eighth canaliculate 
above. Prothorax protuberant and 
rounded at the middle of each side, 
deeply constricted at the base and 
slightly so at the apex ; its width across 
the middle almost equal to that of the 
elytra at the base, and very slightly 
greater than its length along the 
middle ; the sides and upper surface 
covered with shallow broad punctures, 
the interstices of which form a reticu- 
lation; a narrow band on the depressed part of the base, that borders 
the basal emargination, smooth and glossy ; the basal emargination 
rather deep and the lateral lobes correspondingly long. Elytra 
deeply, strongly and very closely punctured, except near the apex, 
the apical area sparsely and rather feebly punctate and glossy ; 
each bispinose at the apex. Body beneath black or blackish brown ; 
with the pro- and mesosterna, a small spot above each of the front 
coxae, an oblique spot on the mesothoracic episterna, a transverse 
spot at the postero-lateral angles of the metathorax and a narrow 
band at each side of each of the first three abdominal segments 
covered with dense silvery-white pubescence. Femora rather 
thickly jnmctured. 

Length 9-lU ; hreadth 2|-3| mm. 
Hah. Nepal ; Sikhim : Darjeeling. 




Fig. 99. 

Epipedocera zona, Chevr. J , 

X!. 



EPIFEDOCEKA. 307 

377. Epipedocera laticollis, sp. u. 

Closely allied to E. zona, Chevr., which it resembles greatly in 
colour and markings, but has the prothorax relatively broader and 
somewhat different in form. The prothorax is strongly, but very 
obtusely, protuberant at the middle of each side, with a distinct 
constriction at the apex as well as at the base, though less deep ; 
its width across the middle is equal to, or even slightly greater 
than, that of the elytra at the base, and distinctly greater than its 
length along the middle ; it has, as in E. zona, a narrow glossy 
band at the base, that borders the basal emargiuation, the rest of the 
surface reticulately punctate and dull. The species is smaller on 
the average than E.zona, and differs further in the absence of pubes- 
cent bands on the second and third segments of the abdomen ; the 
latter segment very sparsely furnished with long \\hitish hairs. 

Length 8-9 ; hreadth 2^-'2i mm. 

Bab. Upper Burma: Maymyo, 3000 ft. (Blnnham), jSTorth Chin 
m\\^ (Watson). 

A slight variety, with black legs, occurs in Siam. 

378. Epipedocera affinis, Chevr. Mem. Soc. R. Sci. de Lieae, xviii, 
p. 341 (1863). 

Black ; dull above ; elytra marked each at the middle with a 
short, raised, ivory-yellow baud which reaches neither to the 
suture nor to the outer margin; the scutellum, an oblique spot on 
each of the mesothoracic episterna, and a transverse spot at the 
postero-lateral angles of the metathorax covered with a dense 
silvery-white pubescence. Antennae of the c^ almost as long as 
the body ; first seven joints black and glossy ; second half as long 
as the first ; third to seventh canaliculate above ; last four dilated, 
angulate in front at the apex, covered faintly with ashy-grey 
pubescence. Prothorax protuberant and rather sharply rounded 
at the middle of each side, deeply constricted at the base, not so 
long as the width across the middle ; the sides and all the upper 
surface up to the edge of the basal emargiuation closely covered 
with rather large but shallow punctures, the interstices of which 
form a fine reticulation ; the basal emargination broad but shallow. 
Elytra strongly, deeply and very closely punctured, except on the 
ivory bands; each feebly bidentate at the apex. Legs pitchy 
brown to black in colour; femora somewhat closely puuctate ; 
tibiae carinate on each side. 

Length 9-12; breadth 3—4 mm. 

Hub. Southern India : ]N[ilgiri Hills, Belgaum. 

379. Epipedocera undulata, Hope (Chtus), Grai/s Zool. Misc p -^8 
(1837). V . . ./ F - 

Clytus harclwickii, White, Cat. Coleopt. B. M.. Zonf/ic. p. 288 (185o). 

Head and prothorax dark red ; elytra vellowish red, with the 
middle third part of each dull black, marked at the middle with a 

x2 



308 CEEAMBYCID.I. 

raised, transverse, ivory -yellow band, which is smooth and some- 
^\•hat angulate in front, S])arsely punctured posteriorly, and reaches 
neither to the suture nor to the outer margin. Head closely 
punctate. Antennae a little longer than the body in the c? , shoi'ter 
in the $ ; first seven joints brownish red and glossy, the last four 
dull brownish black, with a faint grey pubescence : third to eighth 
channelled above. Prothorax rounded, but scarcely protidjerant, 
at the sides, strongly constricted at the base and narrowed a 
little in front ; its width across not greater than its length along 
the middle ; the surface closely reticulately-punctate up to the 
edge of the basal emargination. tScutellum densely covered with 
white pubescence. Elytra moderately and not very thickly punc- 
tured, sparsely covered Avith setigerous granules ; narrowed from 
the base to the middle and slightly widened again posteriorly ; 
each elytron subtruncately rounded and unarmed at rhe apex. 
Body beneath yellow ish brown, marked as in E. zona with spots 
and patches of dense white pubescence. Legs reddish ; femora 
punctate, the hind pair very closely so. 

Len{ith 9-II2 ; hreadtli 2|-3 mm. 

Hah. Nepal ; Darjeeling. 

Genus CENTROTOCLYTUS. 

Centrotoclytus, MotscladsTnj, Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou, 18G3, No. ii, 

p. 496. 
Ejiipedocera, Chevr. (part.) Mem. Sue. JR. Sei. de Licr/e, xviii, p. 339 

(1863). 
Phmoone, Thorns. Syst. Ceravih. p. lo4 (1864) ; Lacord. Gen. Coli'opt. 

viii, p. 537 (1869 j. 

Type, C. quadridens, Motsch. 

Mange. Ceylon, Andaman Is., and Malay Peninsula. 

Agrees generally in form and structure with Epi2^>edoce ra,Q\\e\v . ; 
the following characters, however, serve to distinguish it from 
that genus : — Second joint of the antennse much longer than broad, 
nearly half as long as the third ; mesonotum provided with a 
stridulatory area ; elytra furnished each \A"ith a rather sharp lateral 
carina, reaching nearl}- to the shoulder in front and to within a 
variable distance of the apex posteriorly. 

The type species of this genus looks like a small Einjpedocera VLwd 
was, in fact, included in that genus by Chevrolat, who thereby 
clearly I'ecognized its true affinities. It is remarkable, therefore, 
that both by Thomson and Lacordaire it was placed in a group 
widely separated from EjnjJedocera and its allies. 

3S0. Centrotoclytus quadridens, Mo(sc/i. Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou, 
1863, No. ii, p. 4!Hi: id. (Ceutroclvtus) I.e. 1861, No. i, pi. 9, 
fio. 31. 

Epipedocera setulosa, Chcvr. Mem. Soc. JR. Sci. de Lietje, x\\\\, 
p. 342 (1863). 

Plaiigone bisebm-ata, Thorns. Si/st. Ceramb. p. lo5 (186-J). 

Eeddish brown to dark brown in colour : prothorax with a 



CENTROTOCLYTUS. 309 

transverse spot or band oi silvery-white pubescence on each side 
at the base ; elytra with a spot of silvery-M'hite pubescence over 
each shoulder, another at the outer apical angle, and a transverse, 
sliirhtly raised, ivory band at the middle of each elytron, that 
extends inwaixls from the lateral carina but does not reach to 
the suture ; posterior half of the elytra sparsely furnished with 
short, thick, whitish sette. Antennse reach to the middle of the 
elytra ; not canaliculate above ; joints second to fifth slightly 
nodose at the apex, seventh to eleventh and the apex of the sixth 
dilated ; third to sixth subequal in length, seventh to eleventh 
much shorter. Prothorax longer than broad, rounded at the sides, 
deeply constricted at the base ; the surface dull, very closely 
covered with shallow punctures, the interstices forming a fine 
reticulation ; the base broadly but not deeply emai'ginate in the 
middle, and expanded in a short broad lobe at each side. Elytra 
slightly raised near the base, depressed and somewhat constricted 
at the middle where the ivory band crosses ; the surface strongly 
but someM'hat irregularly and not very closely punctured ; snb- 
nitid posteriorly, duller near the base ; each narrowly truncate 
and bispinose at the apex. Body beneath covered for the most 
part with silvery-white pubescence. Femora gradually clavate, 
closely punctured, sparsely pubescent at the sides, but with a 
narrow band of silvery pubescence along the dorsal border ; tibiae 
with short sparse seta?. 

Lenr/th o-(j ; breadth lA mm. 

Hab. Ceylon : Newara'^Eliya Mts. 

381. Centrotoclytus carinatus, sjd. u. 

Eeddish in colour ; elytra glossy and varying from reddish 
brown to a darker shade, each with a raised, transverse, ivory spot 
at the middle extended to the lateral carina but not to the suture. 
Antenna? extend beyond the middle of the elytra, not canalicu- 
late above ; second joint not quite half as long as the third ; third 
longer than fourth ; fourth to sixth 
subequal ; seventh shorter ; eighth to 
tenth dilated, and angulate at the apex, 
each scarcely longer than broad. Pro- 
thorax a little longer than broad, rounded 
at each side, slightly narrowed anteriorly, 
and deeply constricted at the base ; the 
surface with not very close, shallow 
punctures ; the base broadly and rather 
deeply cut out, with a straight margin, 
-c;„*inn / / ^ 7 v in the middle, but expanded in a lobe 

i-i.riiiaUis, Gahan . X . ^^ each Side, bcutellum covered with 
a dense sericeous - white pubescence. 
Elytra feebly depressed and slightly constricted at the middle, 
strongly but not very closely punctured, the punctures sparser and 
smaller on the apical area ; the lateral carina somewhat sinuous, 
extends almost from the shoulder up to the middle of the 




310 CEltAMBTCID.i:. 

apical margin ; the apices truncate and bispinose. Body beneatli 
rather faintly covered with greyish-white silky pubescence, which 
iiecomes somewhat denser on the episterna of the mesothoivix. 
I'einora gradually and not strongly clavate, distinctl}- but not 
very closely punctured ; the hind pair not extended to the apex of 
the elytra. 

Length 8-9 ; breadth 2| mm. 

Hah. Andaman Ishmds. 

Genus EICON. 

Eicon, Pascoe, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1866, p. 522 ; Lacord. Gen. C'oleopt, 
viii, p. 536 (1869J. 

T3q)e, B. sam/uineum, Pasc, a species from Penang. 

Range. Southern India and the Malay Peninsula. 

Very closely allied to Epipedocera, Chevr., of which it might be 
regarded as a subgenus differentiated by the following characters : — 
Prothorax longer than broad, not strongly rounded at the sides ; 
elytra furnished each with a somewhat feebly raised lateral carina; 
femora less strongly thickened, the hind pair not reaching to the 
apex of the elytra. 

Two species only are known — one from Penang, the other from 
Canara ; the latter is here described for the tir.st time. Although 
so closely related to Epipedocera, the genus was placed far from 
it by Lacordaire and in a different group. 

382. Eicon biniaciilatum, sp. u. 

Blood-red in colour and dull ; elytra with a dark brown area 
that occupies about the middle third part, marked each at the 
middle with a raised and polished ivory -yellow spot; the scutellum 
and some spots at the sides of the thorax and first two abdominal 
segments densely covered with silky-white pubescence. Autenuaj 
reach to the middle of the elytra ; first joint rugulose-punctate, 
last six joints dilated and, except the last, acutely augulate in front 
at the apex. Prothorax about one-fourth longer than broad, 
rounded a little at the sides, narrow ed slightly in front and more 
strongly towards the base, ch)sely coA'ered with rather shallow 
punctures. Elytra closely and strongly punctured and, on the 
posterior {)art, sparsely gramdated ; each elytron narrowly emar- 
ginate and bispinose at the apex, furnished along each side with a 
somewhat sinuous carina which does not extend to the base or 
apex ; the lateral margins very finely serrulate. Body beneath 
coloured like the upperside ; the sterna, and the middle of the 
first two abdominal segments more or loss faintly, clothed with 
greyisli-white pubescence. Femora gradually clavate ; densely 
and rather coarsely punctate; the hind pair not extended to the 
apex of the eljtra. 

Length 8-10; breadth 2^-3 mm. 

Ilab. Canara: Katgal (T. li. D. Bdl). 



HALME. 



311 



Genus HALME. 
Halme, Pascoe, Trans. Ent. Sue. (3) iii, p. 041 (18G9). 

Type, JI. deriformis, Pasc, a species found in Borneo and 
Mysol. 

Jtcoif/e. Ceylon, Burma, Andaman Is., Malay Peninsula and 
Archipelago. 

Allied to Epipedocera, Chevr. ; resembles that genus in form and 
agrees with it in all but the following characters : — Second joint 
of the antennae much longer than broad ; prothorax with the 
basal margin straight and entire ; elytra rounded and unarmed at 
the apex ; iatercoxal part of the mesosternum only moderately 
broad ; femora abruptly clavate, with a distinct and rather long 
basal peduncle. 

Pive species are known, of which one only — the type — has up 
to the present been described. They are mostly of smaller size 
than the species of Epipedocera, and differ further in all being 
furnished sparsely with long erect hairs. 



383. Halme cinctella, sp. n. 

Dark brown, glossy, furnished sparsely with longish erect hairs ; 
elytra marked each with a narrow, slightlj^ raised, ivory baud 
that crosses at the middle but does not reach either the suture or the 
outer margin. Head rather closely but not strongly punctured. 
Antennae almost as long as tlie body, with the last three or four 
joints slightly dilated ; first joint closely 
punctured ; second half as long as the 
third, which is scarcely longer than the 
fourtli. Prothorax longer than broad, 
strongly convex in the middle both above 
and at the sides, deeply constricted at 
the base and mai'ked near the apex with 
a transverse groove ; the disc strongly 
and rather closely punctured. Elytra 
closely and strongly punctured between 
the base and the median band, less closely 
just behind the band and sparsely and 
more feebly near the apex. Body beneath 
marked with spots of white pubescence at 
the sides of the meso- and metathorax. 
Femora clavate and pedunculate, the peduncles somewhat testa- 
ceous at the base. 

Lencjth -1-5 ; breadth 1 mm. 
Hah. Ceylon {Lewis). 

This species resembles //. cleriformis, Pasc, but is at once 
distinguishable from it by the absence of a white band of pubes- 
cence from the base of the prothorax. 




Fig. 101. — Halme ci)icfelL 
Gahan. X ','. 



312 CERAMBYCID.i:. 

384. Halme cserulescens, sp. n. 

Brown, slightly tinted with metallic hlue, above ; antennse, legs, 
aud abdoineu more or less reddish ; each elytron marked at the 
middle with two narrou' ivory spots set at an angle to each other 
so as to form a baud which reaches neither to the suture nor to 
the outer margin. Antennte of the d" as long as the body, not 
dilated towards the apex ; first joint sparsely and not strongly 
punctured ; second more than half as long as the third ; third to 
sixth subequal ; seventh to tenth gradually shorter ; those of the 
$ extend past the middle of the elytra, with joints seventh to 
tenth gradually and slightly thicker. Prothorax rounded at the 
sides, almost as broad as long, narrowed at the base, closely punc- 
tured; covered, but not very densely, with greyish pubescence at the 
sides and at the front aud hind borders, in addition it is furnished, 
like all the other parts of the body, with long erect hairs. Elytra 
somewhat flattened above, scarcely depressed in the middle, 
slightly contracted there at the sides, strongly aud very closely 
punctured, the punctures less close and strong near the apex. 
Prosternum the whole way across in front of the coxfe strongly 
and closely punctured, almost bare of pubescence;, somewhat 
flattened in the c? and more convex in the $ ; hind-breast 
pubescent ; abdomen finely aud very sparsely punctate ; femora 
clavate and pedunculate, almost impunctate; tibise not distinctly 
carinate. 

Length 6-8 ; breadth 2-21 mm. 

JIab. Andaman Islands. 



Genus CLYTELLUS. 

Clvtellus, WestivooiJ, Trcui^ Ent. Sue. (2) ii, jj. 240 (1853) ; Lacord. 
Xren. CoUopt. ix, p. 94 (1869). 

Type, C. methocokles, Westw., a species from Hong Kong. 

Range. China, Andaman Islands, Borneo aud Celebes. 

Ant-like in form. Head with the front vertical, rectangular ; 
the eyes obliquely oval, entire or nearly so. Antennce very closel}' 
approximated at the base, as long as the body, filiform ; first joint 
stout ; second longer than broad ; third subequal to or shorter 
than the fourth ; eleventh longer than the tenth. Prothorax much 
longer than broad, constricted and depressed near the base, strongly 
raised and somewhat curved in front, unarmed at the sides. 
Elytra broader than the prothorax, scarcely twice as long as broad, 
sti'ongly convex posteriorly, rounded at the apex, transversely 
depressed just before the middle, each elytron with a dorsal crest or 
tubercle near the base, the shoulders prominent. Legs moderately 
long; femora pedunculate and clavate, those of the hind pair 
extended to the apex of the elytra or slightly beyond it ; first joint 
of hind tarsi shorter than the second and third united ; tarsal claws 
small, scarcely divergent (this character alone is sulficieut to 



CTA'TELLUS. 



313 




Fig. 102. — Clyiellus olcsteroidcs, Pasc. 



distinguish this genus from all the other genera of the Cerani- 
bycidae). lutercoxal process of prosternum narrow, prolonged and 
feebly dilated posteriorly, the epimera extended inwards to meet it. 

385. Clytellus olesteroides, Pasco^, A. M. N. H. (5) xv, p. 56 (1885) 

Black ; the head, prothorax, and the disc of the elytra near the 
base somewhat opaque, the rest of the elytra and the legs more or 
less glossy ; front of head, sides of prothorax, apex of elytra and 
the body beneath covered with a somewhat silvery-grey pubescence. 

Antennae nearly as long as the 
body ; third joint shorter than 
the first or fourth and less than 
twice as long as the second, 
fifth slightly longer than the 
fourth ; sixth to eleventh 
gradually and slightly thicker, 
and faintly covered with grey 
pubescence. Prothorax im- 
punctate, furnished above with 
a narrow median carina. Scu- 
tellum grey. Elytra sparsely 
punctured in rows from the 
base to the submedian depi'es- 
sion, the latter sparsely covered 
with rather thick, ashy-white 
setae ; disc of each slightly 
raised near the base and furnished with a feeble median crest. 
Femora cariuate along each side, the club narrowed a little 
before the apex, widened again towards the ventral side at 
the apex. First segment of abdomen nearly as long as the 
remaining segments united. 

Length ok-Qh ; hreadtli 1^ mm. 
Hah. Andaman Islands, 

From its ant-like form, the close approximation of the antennae 
at the base and the very small, sub-approximate, tarsal claws, 
there will be little difficulty in recognizing this interesting little 
species. 

Group CLEOMENINI. 

Head raised at the sides and flat or slightly concave in the 
middle between the antennae. Eyes finely facetted, emargiuate, not 
prominent. Antennae shorter than the body in $ , shorter or a 
little longer than the body in S • Prothorax usually longer than 
broad, unarmed at the sides. Scutellum small. Elytra generally 
flattened above near the suture. Front coxa? globular, their 
acetabula rounded on the outer side, generally closed, sometimes 
open, posteriorly. Acetabula of middle coxaj shut off from the 
epimera. Femora pedunculate and clavate. Tarsal claws widely 
divergent. 



314 cerambyciDjE. 

Sijno2)sis of Genera. 

A. First abdominal segment as long at least as the 

next two united Artimpaza, p. 314. 

B. First abdominal segment shorter than the next 

two united. 

a. Prothorax a little or not longer than broad ; 

hind femora with short basal peduncle. . . . Dere, p. 315. 

b. Prothorax much longer than broad ; hind 

femora with long basal peduncle. 

«'. Acetabula of front coxfe closed pos- 
teriorly Cleojienes, p. 316. 

h' . Acetabula of front coxse open pos- 
teriorly XiDA, p. 318. 



Genus ARTIMPAZA. 

Artimpaza, Thorns. Syst. Ceramb. p. 160 (1864): Lncord. Gen. 
CoUopt. ix, p. 99 (1869). 

Type, A, odontoceroides, Thouis., a species from the Malay 
Peninsula. 

Range. Andaman Islands, Malay Peninsula and Borneo. 

Head slightly raised and subacute on each side between the 
antenna? ; front oblique, flat, transverse ; eyes emargiuate, finely 
facetted. Antennre about one-fifth longer than the body iu the 6 , 
much shorter than the body iu the 5 ; first joint slightly curved, 
thickened towards apex, much shorter than the third ; third and 
fifth to seventh subequal in the c? , the fourth slightly shorter; sixth 
to tenth angulate anteriorly at the apex, these joints somewhat 
thickened and more strongly angulated in the § . Prothorax niucii 
longer than broad, slightly rounded at the sides, rather deeply 
constricted and transversely furrowed near the apex, less deeply 
near the base, the basal groove sinuate. 8cutellum subelougate. 
Elytra flattened above, narrowed and somewhat dehiscent pos- 
teriorly, each elytron more or less acuminate or spined at the 
apex. Femora pedunculate, strongly clavate, the hind pair 
extended to the apex of the elytra or to a little beyond it in 
the c? . First joint of hind tarsus as long as the next two 
joints united. Intercoxal process of prosternum narrow in the 
middle, broadly dilated posteriorly, so as to meet the epimera. 
Episterna of metathorax narrowed posteriorly. Abdomen convex, 
broad towards the middle, narrowed posteriorly ; the first segment 
as long at least as the next two united. 

386. Artimpaza bicolor, Pascoe, A. 3T. N. H. (5) xv, p. 56 (1885). 

Chestnut-red, glossy; elytra pitch-brown, very glossy ; antenna^ 
M'ith the first joint glossy red, the rest duller, third to sixth johits 
at the apex, and the succeeding joints almost wholly, infuscate. 



DEEE. 



315 



Head densely punctate, Prothorax oiie-thii'd longer than its width 
at the middle, broadly rounded at the sides, with a deep c-on- 
striction and transverse groove a little 
behind the apex, another constriction and 
a sinuate groove near the base ; very 
strongly but not densely punctured above 
and oil the sides, less strongly but more 
densely punctured beneath, the anterior 
groove and the part in front of it nearly 
impunctate. Scutellum covered with 
silvery grey pubescence. Elytra dis- 
tinctly and somewhat thickly punctured, 
except at the shoulders and apex ; each 
narrowed to an obtuse point at the apex. 
Breast, abdomen and legs glossy, almost 
impunctate, furnished with a few sparse 
longish hairs. First abdominal segment 
of d' slightly longer than the next two 
femora extend a little past the apex of the 




Fig. 103. — Ar/impa~a hi- 
color, Pasc, <S . X ?. 



united. Hind 
elytra in the S • 

Length 15 mm. 

Hah. Andaman Islands 



Genus DERE. 

Dere, White, Cat. Coleopt. B. M., Longic. ii, p. 248 (1855) ; Lacord. 
Gen. CoUopt. ix, p. 100 (1869). 

Type, J), tlioracica, White, a species from North China. 

Range. China, India, Ceylon and Borneo, Very closely allied 
forms occur in Africa. 

Head slightly raised on each side between the antennae ; eyes 
finely facetted, emarginate, the upper lobe short and narrow ; 
front oblique, flat. Antennae extended to the middle of the elytra 
in the $ , to some distance beyond it in the (S ; third joint twice 
as long as the fourth; fourth slightly shorter than the fifth; fifth 
to tenth subequal, increasing very slightly in thickness, eleventh 
obtuse at the apex. Prothorax as long as, or longer than, broad, 
rounded at the sides, narrowed at the base and also but more 
gradually in front. Elytra moderately long, flattened or slightly 
depressed along the inner part of the disc, narrowed posteriorly, 
each elytron emarginate and bidentate at the apex. Legs mode- 
rately long; femora clavate, the hind pair do not reach to the end 
of the body; first joint of the hind tarsi almost as long as the next 
two joints united. Acetabula of front and middle coxa3 closed ; 
intercoxal process of prosternum rather narrow, dilated posteriorly, 
that of the mesosternum moderately broad. Episterna of meta- 
thorax with the inner border curved posteriorly, the apex pointed. 
Eirst abdominal segment almost as long as the second and third 
united. 



316 



CERAMBXCID.i:. 




387. Dere affiiiis, sp. n. 

Head, antennae, legs and body beneath (the prothorax excepted) 
black ; prothorax entirely red ; elytra dark metallic bine. Head 
someu-hat roughly punctured above, more 
finely in front. Prothorax somewhat dull, 
densely rugulose-puuctate. Elytra subnitid, 
very densely and somewhat asperately punc- 
tured ; each with two spines at the apex, the 
outer spine nearly twice as long as the sutural 
one. Breast and abdomen densely punctate, 
covered somewhat slightly with dark grey 
pubescence. Legs snbglabrous and nitid, the 
hind femora densely punctured, the clavate 
Bere affuiis Gabau portion of the middle and front femora smooth 
X f . and almost impunctate ; middle femora feebly 

carinate in front. 
Length 9 ; breadth 2i mm. 
ffab. jS^orthern India. 

This species is closely allied to the Chinese D. tJioracica, AVhite, 
but diifers in the prothorax which is entirely red, and in the elytra 
which are more strongly spined at the apex. 

388. Dere fulvipennis, sp. n. 

Prothorax and elytra entirely fulvous red; antennae, legs and all 
the rest of the body black, Prothorax and elytra very closely 
punctured ; each elytron bispinose at the apex, the outer spine 
longer than the sutural one. Breast at the sides and the hind 
femora thickly punctured ; middle and hind femora carinate in 
front near the lower border. 

Length 9 ; breadth 2^ mm. 

Hab. Southern India. 

389. Dere apicalis, sp. u. 

Head posteriorly and on the middle of the underside, pi'othorax, 
mesosternum and all except the apex of the elytra fulvous red ; 
apex of elytra dark brown ; legs, antennae and the rest of the body 
black. Prothorax not longer than broad, rather strongly rounded 
at the sides, closely but not very distinctly punctured, dull. 
Elytra densely punctured, dull, each bispinose at the apex, the 
outer spine longer than the inner one. Middle femora carinate 
in front, the hind ones without trace of a carina. 

Length 9; breadth 2^ mm. 

Hab. Ceylon. 

Genus CLEOMENES. 

Cleomenes, Thorns. S;/st. Ceramb. p. 1(31 (18G4); Lacord. Gen, 
Coleo2)t. ix, p. 101 (1869). 

Type, C. dlammaphoroidcs, Thorns., a species from the Philippine 
Islands. 

Range. Burma, Java and Philippine Islands. 



CLEOMENES. 



317 



Head raised at each side between the antenna) ; front oblique, 
shghtly longer than broad ; eyes finely facetted, emarginate. 
Antennae shorter than the bod}'' ; third, fourth and fifth joints 
subeqiial, each much longer than the first ; sixth to tenth succes- 
sively shorter and thicker, each angulate at apex on the anterior 
side, eleventh slightly longer than the tenth. Prothorax longer 
than bi'oad, slightly rounded in the middle at each side, a little 
constricted near base and apex, Elytra long, somewhat parallel- 
sided, flattened above near the suture, each emarginate or truncate, 
and bidentate at the apex. Femora pedunculate and clavate, the 
hind pair shorter than the abdomen. First joint of hind tarsus 
equal to or longer than the second and third united. Acetabula 
of front coxa? almost closed posteriorly ; the intercoxal process 
narrow, a little dilated at the end. Episterna of metathorax 
narrowed to a point posteriorly. Abdomen cylindrical, first 
segment a httle longer than the second. 

390. Cleomenes chryseus, sp. u. 

Head, prothorax, scutellum and body beneath densely covered 
with golden pubescence ; head black behind the eyes and across 
the hind border ; prothorax \\ith four black spots above and a 
small anterior spot on each side, the two anterior discal spots 
smaller, subapproximate, the two posterior larger and more widely 
separated ; a short median carina also black. Elytra testaceous 
yellow, marked each Mith three narrow, 
longitudinal, dull black bands — one along 
the suture, another along the outer margin ; 
the third extends from above the shoulder in 
front to some distance beyond the middle of 
the disc behind, and is united posteriorly to the 
outer baud by means of two narrow oblique 
spots ; that part of the elytron which lies 
between these spots and the sutural band 
densely covered with golden pubescence; 
the rest of the elytx-a, except near the apex, 
bare of pubescence ; antennae and legs ferru- 
ginous, the hind femora more or less in- 
fuscate. Antennae extend, to the apical 
fifth or sixth of the elytra in the $ ; third, 
fourth and fifth joints subequal, each much 
longer than the first, the latter densely 
punctate. Prothorax slightly protuberant at the middle of each 
side, narrowed in front of and behind the protuberance ; the black 
spots densely punctured. Elytra strongly and densely punctured, 
the punctures in rows along the disc, less regular on the sides ; 
the inner testaceous band nitid, the outer one duller and less 
yellowish in colour ; apices truncate, slightly emarginate, feebly 
bidentate. 

LeiKjth 14; hreadih 24 mm. 

Hah. Upper Burma : Euby Mines district {Dolicrty). 




Fig. 105. 

Cleomenes chnjseus, 
Gabau. X 5- 



318 



CEUAMBTCID^, 



Genus NIDA. 

Nida, Pascoe, A. M. X. H. (3) xix, p. 31 2 (1867) ; Laconl Gen. 
Coleopt. ix, p. 104 (1869). 

Type, N.flavovittuta^ Pasc. 

Range. Burma and Andaman Islands. 

Head slightly raised at each side between the antennae, short 
behind the eyes : the front declivous, transverse ; eyes finely 
facetted, emarginate. Antennte longer than the body, setaceous ; 
first joint slightly curved ; third longer than the first or fourth, 
slightly shorter than the fifth. Prothorax much longer than broad, 
subcylindrical, very slightly narrowed towards base and apex. 
Elytra long, narrow, parallel-sided, subtruucate at the apex. 
Femora pedunculate and clavate, the hind pair extended almost to 
the apex of the elytra. First joint of hind tarsi about equal in 
length to the second and third united. Acetabula of front coxae 
open posteriorly, the intercoxal process narrow, slightly dilated at 
the end. Acetabula of middle coxaj shut off from the epimera. 
Episterna of metathorax parallel-sided, truncate posteriorly. 
Abdomen parallel-sided, the segments successively and gradually 
shorter. 



391. Nida flavovittata, Pascoe, A. M. N. H. (3) xix, p. 312 (1867). 

Black ; head and prouotum faintly covered witli short greyish 

pubescence ; prothorax with a C-shaped band of A^liite pubescence 

on each side, the open side of the band uppermost ; scutellum 

white. Elytra each with a broad longitudinal 

band of a yellowish-testaceous colour that runs 

close along the suture, these bands faintly 

covered with a rather long and somewhat 

transversely laid pubescence. Body beneath 

with a greyish pubescence, which becomes 

denser and whiter on the sides of the thorax 

and abdomen. Antennae about one-fiftli 

longer than the body in the cJ , slightly 

longer than it in the $ ; third joint scarcely 

longer tlian the first, but distinctly longer 

than the fourth; fifth slightly longer than 

the third ; sixth and seventh subequal with 

the fifth ; eighth to tenth gradually shorter. 

Prothorax about one-third longer than broad, 

slightly rounded at the middle of each side, 

narrowed gradually towards the base, broadly but feebly constricted 

before the apex, closely but not strongly punctured ; the disc with 

a short smooth line, sometimes obsolete, along the middle and a 

transverse cariniform elevation before the middle. Elytra closelv 

and almost uniformly punctate from base to apex. Femora 

pedunculate, clavate near the apex. 

Li'.iKjth 13| mm. 

Ilab. Burma : Pegu and 2s orth Chin Hills : Siam. 




Fig. 106. 

Nida fta vovittata, 

Pasc. X 1. 



IRESIOIDES. 319 

392. Nida andamanica, sp. n. 

Very like N.jiavovittata, Pasc, but differs from it by the absence 
ot: the testaceous band along each elytron, and in the C-shaped 
white baud at each side of the prothorax which is less distinctly 
marked ; the anterior part of this band widened out and greyish, 
rather tban white, in colour. The testaceous band of N. jlavo- 
vittata rejilaced by faint grey bands, formed of pubescence the 
hairs of which lie somewhat transversely ; the underlying derm, 
however, is as a rule quite black, although a small testaceous spot 
is in some specimens visible near the base. 

Length 11-14 ; breadth 2-2| mm. 

Hab. Andaman Islands. 

As this form agrees structurally with N.jlavovittata, it ought, 
perhaps, to be regarded as a race or local variety of that species, 
sufficiently different in colour to be entitled to a distinctive 
name. 



Group GLAUCYTINI. 

Head short, slightly concave or sometimes nearly fiat between 
the antennae ; front vertical, somewhat narrowed between the 
eyes, especially in the male ; eyes large, prominent, finely facetted, 
deeply emarginate ; antenual supports emarginate in front. An- 
tennte longer as a rule than the body in both sexes. Prothorax 
subcylindrical, unarmed at the sides. Front coxae globular, their 
acetabula rounded on the outer side, closed or very nearly closed 
posteriorly. Acetabula of middle coxae not open to the epimera. 
Legs variable in length ; the femora more or less distinctly 
thickened towards the apex ; the hind tarsi not long, the first joint 
very little (sometimes not) longer than the second and third 
united. Vein Cu 1 of wings simple; Cu 2 absent. 



Synopsis of Genera. 

A. Prothorax scarcely longer than broad; hhid 

femora do not extend to apex of elytra in cJ . . Ibesioides, p. 319. 

B. Prothorax one-third longer than broad; hind 

femora extend to apex of elytra in J Polyphida, p. 321. 

Genus IRESIOIDES. 

Iresioides, Thorns. Archiv. Eat. \, p. 291 (1857); Lacord. Gen. 
CoUopt. ix, p. 120 (1869). 

Type, /. ferocc. Thorns., a species from Madagascar. 

Bange. Madagascar and Ceylon. 

Head short ; flattened or slightly concave between the antenual 
sttpports, the latter slightly raised, emarginate in front ; eyes 
prominent, deeply emarginate, the lower lobes extended in front 



320 



CEEAMBl'CID.E. 



below the base of the antennoj ; front vertical, a httle narrowed 
between the eyes. Antenute longer than the body in the S . equal 
to or slightly longer than the body in the 5 ; fourth joint shorter 
than the third or fifth. Prothorax subcyliudrical, a httle longer 
than broad. Elytra truncate at the apex. Legs subequal in 
length ; femora pedunculate and clavate, the hind pair not extended 
to the apex of the elytra; first joint of tarsi shorter than the 
second and third united. Front coxje globular, their acetabula 
closed posteriorly. Acetabula of middle coxae shut off from the 
epiaiera. 



393. Iresioides moesta, Pascoe (Obrium), Trmis. Ent. Soc. (-2) T, p. 2C) 
(18oU). 

5 . Brownish in colour, covered above with short, yellow ish-grey, 
silky pubescence, so arranged on the elytra as to exhibit darker 
and lighter bands according to its greater or less denseness ; body 
beneath covered with silvery-grey pubes- 
cence. Head closely punctured, nearly 
flat between the antennal supports. An- 
tennte as long as the body, reddish brown ; 
the third to sixth joints at the apex, and 
the succeeding joints entirely, dark 
brown. Prothorax scarcely longer than 
broad, feebly rounded at the sides, densely 
puuctate, furnished with a short trans- 
verse carina on the middle of the disc. 
Elytra distinctly but not very closely 
punctured, narrowed and subtruncate at 
the apex, ^ith the outer angles rounded 
off. Legs subequal in length, vary in 
colour from testaceous to dark brown, the 
tarsi more or less blackish. Last abdominal segment extended 
some distance beyond the apex of the elytra. 
Lcnr/th 7-11 5 ; breadth 2-3 mm. 
Bah. Ceylon : Dikoya district (G. Leivis). 




Fig. 107. 

Iresioides viocsfa, Pasc, 5 

X 5. 



394. Iresioides brunnea. Thorns. Syst. Ceramb. p. 547 (1865). 

Very like /. moesta, Pasc. ; differs only in the elytra, \\hich are 
uniformly pubescent, not banded in any way, the pubescence 
somew hat shorter and less glossy. In the male the antennae are a 
little longer than the body and the last ventral segment is covered 
by the elytra. 

Lemitll 6^-9 ; breadth 2-2^ mm. 

Hah. Ceylon : Dikoya disfrict {G. Lewis). 

It is probable that this species, founded upon male specimens 
only, is not distinct from /. mocnia, Pasc, and that the differences 
between the two are entirely sexual. 



POLYl'HID.V. 321 



39."). Iresioides kraatzi, Tkumx. Si/st. Ccncnh. ]>. ."347 (iso.")). 

Of a rather dark crimson-brown colour, verging towards black 
on the head and prothorax ; head covered with golden pubescence 
in front and on two bands above, which curve round the eves and 
ineet between the antenna ; prothorax marked above with two 
rather broad longitudinal bands of golden pubescence which are 
closely approximated at the base, sometimes even united there. 
Jllytra claret-coloured, faintly covered witli golden-tawnv pubescence 
w hich is visible only in reflected light, each elytron marked at the 
base with a short longitudinal band of denser golden pubescence, 
this band placed nlong a slight depression which gradually slopes 
from the inner side and is sliarply limited on the outer. Body 
beneath covered for the greater part with silverv pubescence. 
Head distinctly but rather sparsely punctate. Antenna? about 
one-fourth longer than the body in the c? . Prothorax subcylin- 
drical, a little narrowed at the base, densely punctate ; disc with a 
short transvei'se carina in the middle. Elytra distinctly but not 
\ ery thickly punctured, the punctures subseriate in places ; each 
rounded or narrowly suhtruncate at the apex. 

Lenf/th 6-9 ; breadth 1| -2| mm. 

JIah. Cevlon. 



Genus POLYPHIDA. 
Polyphida, Pascoe, Trans. Enf. Soc. (3) iii, p. (>>:> (1809). 

Type, P. ch/toides, Pasc, a sj^ecies from Borneo. 

Range. Burma, Malay Peninsula and Borneo. 

Nearly allied to Iresioides, Tiioms. ; somewhat similar in form, 
but tlie prothorax is longer and more cylindrical, the hind legs 
longer than the others, with the femora extended to the apex of 
the elytra in the 6; the head concave between the autennal 
supports. 

396. PolypMda metallica, Nunfried (Chtus), Berl enf. Zeif. xxxviii, 
p. y38 (1803). 
Polyphida I'eie, Gahan, Ann. Mns. Civ. Genovu, xxxiv, p. 2!', pi. 1, 
lig. 8 (1894). 

Black, densely covered with silky pubescence, which has a some- 
what golden tint above, silvery beneath ; elytra metallic, covered 
for the most part with golden pubescence, each with a short, 
glabrous, chalybeate-blue band that runs back a short distance from 
the shoulder, and two slightly oblique transverse bands of tiie 
same kind placed one just before, the other behind, the middle. 
Antennaj and legs faintly covered with grey pubescence. Head 
with a feebly impressed, median, black line along the front, a feu- 
sparse punctures on the vertex; front distinctly narrowed between 
the eyes, more so in the o than in the J' . Antenna' about ennal 

VOL. 1. 1 



322 CEHAMBYC'ID.i:. 

in length to the body in the 5 , exceeding it by the last tw o or 
three joints in the j; first joint with a median longitudinal carina 
in front. Prothorax about one-third longer than broad, subcylin- 
drical, slightly constricted between the middle and apex. Elytra 
subseriately and rather strongly punctured, the punctures more 
distinct on the glabrous bands ; each truncate at the apex, feebly 
dentate at the angles. First joint of the hind tarsus as long as 
the second and third united. 

Leiu/ih 12 ; breadth 2^ mm. 

//rt6. Manipur; Upper Burma: Ruby Mines district (Z)o7j<'Wy/). 



ALrHABETICAL INDEX. 



Acanthophoriui, 22. 
Acanthopliorus, 23. 
jEgosonia, 44. 
.Egosoiiiini, 41. 
OEueipennis (Zooblax), 

39. 
^olestlies, 126. 
affiuis (Dere), 316. 
afBnis (Epipedocera), 

307. 
Aglaophis, .303. 
agnatus (Caloclytus), 

362. 
albicinctus (Demonax), 

29(5. 
albomaculatus (Demo- 
nax), 205. 
alboscutellatus (Calocly 

tus), 2( ■)."). 
albosignatus (Demonas), 

283. 
alciiiene (Chloridoluni"), 

199. 
alpina (Rosalia), 176. 
alteni (Macrotoma), .'54. 
amabilis (Merionceda), 

174. 
AniMuraesthes. 241. 254. 
ainbiguus (Arhopalus), 

162. 
amoena (Xoanodera), 150. 
Ancyloprotus, 18. 
andaniaiiica (Nida), 319. 
andaiiianiciiiii (Cere- 

siuni;, 161. 
anrlaraanicus (Calocly- 
tus), 265. 
andarnaiiicus (Demonax), 

290. 
andaa'anicus (Rhaphi- 

podus), 33. 
andrewesi (Anoeme). 54. 
andrewesi (Merioiioeda), 

172. 
angustatiini (.Esosomn >, 

46. 



angustulum (Cercsiuui), 

158. 
angustus (Psilomeriis), 

3U0. 
Animes, 99. 
annularis (Caloclytus), 

261. 
Anoeiue, 53. 

antennatus (Philus), .57. 
antennatus (Sarmydus), 

52. 
Authoboscus, 260. 
Aniibis, 220. 
Apatophysis, 69. 
aper (Perissus), 257. 
Apheles, 62. 
Aphrodisiiim, 205. 
apicale (Ceresium). 161. 
apicalis (Dero), 31(). 
apicalis (Nyphasia), 152. 
Apiocepbalus, 74. 
arfiferus (Caloclytus), 

263. 
Arcyphorus, 271. 
argeiitatuin (Cbelido- 

niuin), 21 1. 
arietis (Clytus), 250. 
Artinipaza, 314. 
ascendens (Demonax), 

296. 
Asemini, 94. 
asperulum (Stromatiuni), 

115. 
assiinilis (Caloclytus), 

269. 
Astrimus. 154. 
atratum(Priouoniina).l 7. 
audax (Dynamostes), 61. 
aurata (Protbema), 235. 
aurifaber (-■Eolesthes), 

126. 



Baladeva, 8, 

balyi (Demonax), 282. 

Baraliptun, 42. 



barbatum (Stromatiuni), 

114. 
basicornis (.Eulesthes), 

126. 
bicinctus (Demorax). 294. 
bicolor (ArtinipaEa), 314. 
bicolor (Erytbrus), 230. 
Eicon. 310. 

bigibbosus (Ancylopro- 
tus), 19. 
bitnaculatum (Eicon), 

310. 
binincu!atus(Psilomerus), 

300. 
bimaculatii>s(Tetraomnia- 

tus), 102. 
bi]iu9tulatii.'* (Anubis), 

221. 
birniauicus (Pyrestes), 

2_'8. 
biseburata (Plangone), 

;508. 
bivittatum(Ciiloridoluin), 

198. 
bizonatus (Poly2onus), 

216. 
bowringi (^E2;osoina). 48. 
bowringii (Rhytidodera), 

146. 
brama (Ceranibyx), 124. 
brevi]ieR (Polyzonus), 

217. 
bnninea ( Iresioides), .32' •. 
buckleyi (^Egosoma), 47. 
buqneti (Lopbosternus), 

13. 
biiqueti (Xylotrecbus), 

243. 



Crenoptera, 169. 
r£erulescen8(Halme),.3I2. 
Callirbromini, 189. 
callichronioides (Typo- 

dryas), 65. 
Callicbromopsi.*, 180. 



324 



ALPHABETICAL 1XJ)E.\;. 



callidiuides (Opialueei-a), 

108. 
callidioidoa (Tetraomnia- 

tus), 103. 
Callidiopsitii, 1")4. 
callizonus (Clvttis), 251. 
Caloclytus, 260. 
caluiiiniata (Pachyteria), 

19C.. 
raiitharinum (Obriuni), 

Ifi.'x 
Cantbnroi-'neiniiii. 25. 
Cantharocnemis. 2H. 
caiitori (Aphroclisium), 

205. 
Capnocerainbfx. 135. 
C'apiiolyiiiiiia, 73. 
Curaphia. 75. 
carinatiis (Centrotocly- 

tus). 309. 
carinicollis (Xylol re- 

chus). 248. 
caririifrons(XyIolrecIui8), 

243. 
carinulatum (Stroiiia- 

tiiiiuX lis. 
castaueuiu (Tetro])iuiii), 

05. 
Centrotoclytus, 308. 
Ceplialalliis, 9t». 
CepbaloCTius, 9fi. 
cephalole8(Dinoprioiiiis), 

43. 
CerauibvcidcT, 1, 90. 
CVranibycides, 90. 
Cerambyciiia;. 90. 
Cerambycini, 90, 119. 
Ceresiuiii, 15(i. 
clianipioni (Erythrus), 

229. 
Chclidonium, 210. 
chionospila (Clytocera), 

280. 
Cbioridolum, 198. 
C'liloropliorus, 260. 
(■liryseus(C'Ieomene.s).317. 
dirysogaster (Pachy- 
teria), 197. 
pincfella (Halme). 31 1 . 
cinctnin (Chelidoiiixni), 

einguleiiso(^l'If;(i*oiiia ).-4('). 
cingalensis (Caloclytus). 

I!(i8. 
cingalensis (Capnolym- 

nia), 73. 
cingalensis (Notliopeus'), 

204. 
einnyris (CliloridoUun), 

200. 
C'lail()i):d])us. 59. 



clavicornis (Anubis),220. 
Cleomenes, 316. 
t'leoraenini, .313. 
clpi'iformis (Halme), 31 1 . 
Clytantbiis, 260. 
C'lytellus. 312. 
ctytina (Leptura), 84. 
Clytini, 239. 
Clytocera, 279. 
clytoides (Polyphida), 

321. 
Clyttis, 250. 
coccineus ( Epbies), 87. 
coccinens (Erytbrus),231 . 
cognatus (Cbloropborus), 

262. 
Coloborbombus, 2t 2. 
Colobus, 202. 
coluinbina (Distenia). 62. 
compressus (Zoodes), 1 18. 
Concbopterus, 169. 
concinna (Pbyodexia), 

183. 
Coiiothorax. 129. 
consangiiineus (Zono- 

pteriig), 191. 
coiisocius (Ploca'derus), 

124. 
conspicua (Pyrocalvni- 

ma), 89. 
COD tortus (Xvk)trecbiis), 

249. 
corallinus (Pacliylo- 

ceriis). 225. 
corbctti (Ibidioiiidiini), 

168. 
cOrbetti (Zunoptcrns), 

192. 
coriarius (Prionuss). 14. 
eorpiileiitus (Prioiius), 

15. 
ciistipenne (^-Egosoiiia ), 

49. 
eriissicofniis (FacLylo- 

ccriLs). 226. 
crenata (Macrotoma), 36. 
cretatum (Ceresiura), 

157. 
cribrata (Caraphia), 75. 
cribratiim (Trinophy- 

]nm). 156. 
cri1.ricolle(Aplirodi8iuni\ 

207. 
ci'ibricollis (Ilespero- 

pbaiicsj, 1 13. 
cribripennis (Leptura), 

^5. 
CriocephaUis. 96. 
C'rioniorplnip. 95. 
criientus (E]iiiics), 87. 
cursor (Oxymiriis). 79. 



curtipes (Gelona;tb»), 

155. 
cyMnipeniiis(Plocajderus), 

120. 
Cy clodera, 184. 
Cyrtogn.itlnis, 5. 
Cyrtotiops. 59. 
Cyrti>sternii8, 9. 

Dandamis, 50. 
deceiiipunctata (Rosalia), 

179. 
deeens (Demonas), 288. 
decerns (Demonai), 288. 
de]es#erti (Deinonax), 

298. 
demi?sus (Derolus'), 136. 
demissus (Pacbydi.ssus), 

136. 
deinocraticus (Poly- 

Z(jiuis), 22t). 
Deiiionax, 280. 
Dere, 3.5. 
iJeroltis, 1.35. 
desfontaiiiei (Purpiiri- 

cenu>;), 184. 
Detrteroir.rna, 100. 
Dialeges, 141. 
diaiiiniapbiToides (Clew- 

uienes), 316. 
diana (Rliaphumaj. 271. 
Piatoiiioccpbala. !.''(). 
difformis (Macroioniaj, 

3S. 
digir.is ^Denionax), 286. 
diliita (Salpinia), 163. 
dimidiata (Eucbroa), 

194. 
diiiiidiatii (Pacbyteria), 

196. 
diniidiatu.s; (Deinouas), 

294. 
Dinoprioims, 43. 
Diortbus. 132. 
discicolhs (Derolus). 

1.3(1. 
Dissosternn?, 7. 
Distenia, 62. 
Disteniides, 58. 
Disteniiniv, .58. 
Disteniini, 58. 
distinguendus (Calo- 
clytus), 2(14. 
diversiis (Zonopterus), 

193. 
divisus (Demonax), 295. 
Dcrsus. 55. 
dohertii (Caloclytus), 

267. 
doliertii (DcinonaxK 

291. 



AM'IIAIJKTK'Al. INIH-.X. 



:vio 



dohertii (Dirtleiiia), (14. 
tloliertii (Perissiisi, 2r>8. 
dohertii (Pyrostes), 'J'20. 
dorcadioides (Teledapus), 

77. 
Dorvstlienes, a. 
dovviiesi (Caiitliaro- 

cnemis), 26. 
dravidiana (DisteiiiaX 

(i4. 
Dymasius, 1.'50. 
Dynamostes, (51. 



fburifera (Gnatholea), 

111. 
fbiirioides (Zoodes), 

118. 
egeiius (Margites), 137. 
eiateroides (Zooblax), 4(1. 
elegantula (Rhapbunia), 

•279. 
Klezira. 280. 
fUioti (Macrdtoma). 38. 
elliotti (Priomis), 16. 
Elydnus, 139. 
Ephicj, 87. 
Epipedocera, SO.'i. 
Epipedoceriiii, 3(J5. 
ICpodiis, 303. 
or"*us (Hesperoplmnes), 

11.3. 
Erjthrus, 229. 
Euchroa. 193. 
Europa, 250. 
Ivirybatiis. 176. 
Eurycephalus, 187. 
Euryphagus. 187. 
Eurypoda, 28. 
Enrypodiiii, 27. 
exigiuis (Margites), 137. 
cxiinius (Pyreste.*), 227. 
fXoticus (Criucepbalus), 

96. 



falco fLopbostermis), 12. 
fallax (Rbaphuma), 276. 
fasciata (Aglaophis), 

304. 
fasfiata (Pacbyteria). 

195. 
fascial us (Polvzonus), 

213. 
fas-ciatus (Piirpuricenus). 

185. 
fe:r (Polypbida), .321. 
feinorata (Ipotbalia), 

222. 
feneslnit us 'SlL'iibouia- 

lus). KiG. 



ft-rox (Iresidides), 319. 
torrugiiieus (Ceraiiibyx), 

121. 
fen-ugineus (Plocrcdcrus), 

121. 
festiva (Xystrocera), 

107. 
filifonnis (Clytus), 296. 
fiUforinis (Molorcbus), 

170. 
fill foni lis (Tetraomina- 

tus), 101. 
fiinbriatuei (Anubis), 222. 
fi<beri (^Macrotoma), 35. 
flnvipes (Melegena), 66. 
flavitai-sis (Zonopterus), 

191. 
flavocinct.ns (Polvzonus), 

216. 
flavovittata (Nida), 318. 
foniiicoides (Demonax), 

297. 
fonnosa (Rosalia), 180. 
fraiuii (Leptura), 86. 
fryana (Gnatbolea), 111. 
f'ryanus (Demonax). 293. 
fryanus (Tbranius), 238. 
fulgiirata (Rbapbumal, 

274. 
fulguratus (Zoodes), 

117. 
fuliginosus (Pcnssus), 

254. 
fulvescens (Dvniasius), 

140. 
fulvescens (Protasis). 93. 
fulvipennis (Dere), 31(). 
fulvus (Notbopeus), 203. 
i'uiiebris (Demonax), 

299. 
funestum (Callidium), 

114. 
fuscipennis (Nvpbasia), 
152. 



gabani (Rapbipodus), 

32. 
Gelonretba, 154. 
geniculata (Rbapbutna), 

296. 
geniculatum (Ceresium), 

158. 
ge.*troi (Xylotrecbus), 

246. 
gibbicolle (Cbelidoniiim). 

213. 
gibbosns (Tliranius), 

237. 
gigas (Cei-ambyx). 121. 
GhuKytini, 319. 



glubosa (Xvstrocern), 

lOii. 
gb)luilicollis (Pbilus), 

57. 
Gnatliolea, 110. 
gracile (Cererium), 157. 
gracilipes (Ilomalo- 

melas, 233. 
Gratnmograpbus. 28(5. 
graudis (Neocerambyx), 

125. 
granulosus (Parapbrusj, 

14. 
gravida (Rasalia), 178. 
gritfitbi (Aphrodis-ium), 

209. 



bageni (Cbidopalpus), 

60. 
Halme, 311. 
bauipsoui (Psilomerus), 

301. 
hanipsoni (Xvlotrecbus), 

247. 
bardwickianum (Apbro- 

disium), 2(38. 
bnrdwickii (Clytus), 307. 
bariola (Rosalia), 178. 
haussknecbti (Purpuri- 

cenus), 186. 
liaussneobti, var. alep- 

peiisis (Purpuricenus), 

186. 
lleliouianes, 169. 
llenlipteru^s (Notbope'is). 

203. 
Ilesperopbanes, 112. 
Hesperopbanini. 109. 
birta (Gelonanba), 155. 
bolosericea (^Eolestbes), 

127. 
liolosericeus (Cerambyx), 

1.33. 
bolosericptis (Xeoceram- 

byx). 127. 
Homalomelas, 232. 
liopei (Lopbosternus), 

10. 
bopei (Rempban), 34. 
Iloplitocera. 107. 
Iloplocerambyx, 131. 
boisfleldii (Rhapbunia'), 

272. 
luigelii (Lopbosternus), 

11. 
humeralis (Plocffiderus), 

123. 
buinerosus (Aglaopbis), 

303. 
Eypocscbrus, 104. 



326 



ALrilAULTlf.VL IXDKX, 



Thidiouidum. 168. 
ignnbilis (Ciiloclvtus), 

•270. 
iiicleinens (Pachydissiis). 

133. 
iiifurvatus(Xjlotrecluis), 

218. 
iiulie-a (Merionopda), 171. 
indicc'la (^Eulestbes), 

128. 
indicus (Hypoescbrus), 

1(14. 
indicus (Lophosternus), 

10. 
indiita (,Eolesthes), 128. 
inermis (Anubis), 220. 
iuscripta (Macrotoma), 

3(1. 
iiisigni.s (Tetr.iomniatus), 

102. 
iiisipiens (Xylotreehus), 

242. 
iiitegra (Rhvtidodera). 

148. 
idscelis (Callicbiouia), 

208. 
Ipotbalia. 222. 
Iresioides, 319. 
Isarfbron, 95. 
Iselinodora, 259. 
Isotomus, 260. 



javanicum (..Egosoina), 

45. 
jiicundus (Caloclytiis), 

2G2. 



kalidasffi (Distenia), f)3. 
kasbiniriana (.ipato- 

physis), 70. 
kraatzi (Iresioides), 321. 
Kiinbir, 174. 



lacertosuin (.(-Egosoma), 

49. 
lacordairei (Toxntus), 79. 
livta (Rosalia), 179. 
liiptu.s (Perissus). 2."io. 
lameerei (Rosalia), I7H. 
lateralis (Stenboinaliis), 

1G7. 
lateralis (Xylotrecbus), 

244. 
lateritia (Rosalia). 177. 
latieoUe (Stroniatimti), 

1 15. 
laticolljg ( l'"i)ipedocera\ 

307. 



lavinia (Leptura), 83. 
Leontiuin. 210. 
lepta (Leptura), 84. 
Leptura, 81. 
Lepturina', (IS. 
leucoscutellatus (De- 

uionax), 28li. 
leueosticticuin (Cere- 
si uni), 159. 
liclieiieus (Apiocepbalus), 

74. 
lineatus (Deinonax), 

281. 
Liiioniius, 169. 
literatus (Demonax), 

-84. 
Loganis, 19. 
longicorne (Stromatiuui), 

115. 
Lougicornia, 1. 
Luphosternus, 9. 
liideiis (Caluclytus), 2(>9. 
lundii (Eurvphagus), 

1(^8. 



iiiacileutus (Animes). 99. 
uiacilentus (Demonax), 

291. 
inacilentus (Dyiuasiusi). 

139. 
niaera (Iscbnodora), 

259. 
niacrospilus (Polvzonus), 

216. 
Macrotonia, .'55. 
Macrotoiuini, 29. 
14-inaculatus (Calo- 

clytus), 26(>. 
niaculatus (Zoode.*!), 116. 
iiiaculicoU.s (Demonax), 

297. 
niai'ulipennis((Emospila), 

105. 
mneulosum (Baralipton), 

42. 
malaecensis (Piirpuri- 

cenus), 185. 
inanipurensis (Leptura), 

86. 
manipurensis (Rlia- 

pbuma). 274. 
margiuale (.ligosoiua), 

45. 
Margites, 137. 
Massicus, 129. 
mauritanicus (Derolus). 

135. 
maxillosus(EurTpliagus). 

187. 
Mc'ga.-^oimim, '.•(>. 



iiiegaspilu.s (Polvzonus), 

215. 
melancbolicu.s (Calo- 

clytus), 267. 
Melegena. 6(1 
Merioiioeda, 171. 
nietallica (Polyphida), 

321. 
metbocoides (Clvtellus), 

312. 
micro.>;pilus (Polyzonus), 

21.5. 
niiiiiacea (Leptura), 82. 
iiiiuiatus { I'yrestes). 227. 
minor (Carapbia), 7H. 
minor (Dymasius), 140. 
minor (Molorchus), 169. 
minutissimus (Clvtus), 

253. 
modcstum (Ceresium), 

l(iO. 
modica (Apatopliysis), 

71. 
modicu.s (Acantbo- 

pborus), 25. 
modicus (Margites). 1;^8. 
moesta (Iresioides). 320. 
moestus (Caloclytus), 

266. 
Molnrcbiiii. 1(>9. 
Molorcbus. 169. 
Monodesmini, 52. 
montana (Apatopbysis), 

71. 
moutanus (Clytus), 253. 
montanus (Dorystbenes), 

7. 
montanus (Purpuri- 

cenus), 186. 
monticola (Clytus), 251. 
monticola (Demonax), 

282. 
mordax (Priotynmniis), 

22. 
morosus (Cerambyx), 

131. 
morosus (Hoploceram- 

byx), 131. 
mouboti ((.'Ivlantbus), 

285. 
mulio (Demonax), 292. 
murinus (Oligoenoplus), 

302. 
mutabilis (Perissus), 256. 
muticus (Tetraommatus), 

101. 
myops (Perissus), 258. 
Mylbodini. Its2. 

nebulosu? (Zatrepbus). 
148. 



ALPnABETICAL IN'DEX. 



327 



Neoceranibvs, 12-1. 
Keoprion. '2S. 
neoxenuiUi^Apbrodisiuni), 

208. 
nepos (Cblorophorus), 

262. 
Nericonia. 67. 
nerii (Cerauibrx). 13ri. 
nerii (Hammaticheriis), 

l;J5. 

Nida. 318. 

niger (PlocaderusX 121. 
nigra (Cyrtonops). 6<l. 
nigra (Nericonia), 67. 
nigra (Sebasinia), 145. 
nigriceps (MerioncedaX 

173. 
nigriceps (Tetraorama- 

tus^. 103. 
nigripes (Cerainbrx). 

188. 
nigrita (Anoeiiie). 53. 
nigroraseiatus^Demonax i. 

280. 
nigroinaculatus (De- 

monax), 284. 
nigropunetatus (Dan- 

damis). 50. 
nilgirieiise (Ceresiuin), 

161. 
nilgirieiisis (Perissiis), 

256. 
nilgiriensis (Zuodes). 

117. 
Nir»us. 103. 
uitidus(Hainmaticlierus\ 

121. 
nootis (Ceranibyx), 70. 
Notbopeus. 2<)2. 
nvmpba (Cli'oridulum ). 

"201. 
Nvphasia. 151. 
^N'Tsiiia. 153. 

obertburi (Oplatot-erai. 

108. 
obesus (Pliica?derus\ 121. 
oblongoniaculnta (De- 

monax). 283. 
Obriini, 164. 
Obriuui, 165. 
obsourus (^Astriraus). 

155. 
obtusus (Polvzonusi, 

218. 
odontoceroides (Art:in- 

paza), 314. 
CEinini. 98. 
(Emospila, 104. 
ole.*teroides (ClTtellii.< . 

313. 



Oligoenophis, 301. 
Oplatocera. 107. 
oreinuui (Tetropium), 

05. 
onentalis (Xvsina). 153. 
orientalia (Prionomma), 

17. 
orientabs (Prionus). 17. 
ornaticolle (^.Egosoiua), 

45. 
Oxymirus, 78. 



Pacbydissus. 133. 
Pacbylocerus, 224. 
Pacliyteria, 104. 
palpalis (Lopbosternus), 

12. 
paraiidrsefi)rniis (Neo- 

prioii), 29. 
Parapbrus. 13. 
parens (CaloelytusK 270. 
paris (^Xeoeerainbvx). 

124. 
parviooUis(PacbTdissus), 

1:34. 
parvulus (Perissus), 2.58. 
pascoei (Massicus), 129. 
paseoei ^Xypbasia). 1.53. 
pjiscoei (Xoanodera). 

1.50. 
palknna (Ebapbuiua>, 

272. 
patricius (Caloclvtus), 

268. 
pauper (Dialeges). 142. 
pedestris (Plocicderus'. 

123. 
pedestris ( Plooederus'l. 

121. 
Peitbona. 71. 
Perissus, 254. 
perhetum (Cbloridolum), 

201. 
persimilis (Demonax), 

298. 
persimilis (PerissusX 

256. 
pertii (Dissosternus). 8. 
pbiale (Rbapbuma). 

273. 
pbidias (Xylotrecbus), 

243. 
Pbilagetbes. 184. 
Pbilini, 54. 
I'bilus, 57. 
I'licracantbini. 151. 
Pbvodexia. 182. 
Pinion. 16.5. 
pilosu.s (PaelivloccriisV 

225. 



plaeida (Rhaphiima), 

275. 
plas;iata (Maerotoma), 

37. 
plagiitus (Dymasius), 

141. 
Plan gone. 308. 
planicolle(Apbrodisium), 

206. 
Plocfederus, 120. 
Plocederus, 120. 
pluniiferiis (Pacbylo- 

cerus). 226. 
Pneuiiiida, l,5i>. 
Polypbida. 321. 
poiyzonoides (Cheli- 

doniiin). 219. 
Polyzijnus. 213. 
posficuin lObriuin"). 1<>.5. 
prajcana (.Rliapbuma ), 

285. 
pr:¥usta (Rbapbuma), 

276. 
prasimis (Polvzonus). 

219. 
Prinobius. 3.5. 
Prionidse, 2. 
Prionides. 2. 
prionides (Peitbona). 

72. 
Prioninae. 2. 
Prionini. 2. 4. 
Prionoiuuia, 16. 
Prionus, 14. 
Prioryranmis. 21. 
prupriiis (Perissus), 255. 
Protaxini. 92. 
Protaxis. 93. 
Protbema. 235. 
Protbeinini. 232. 
Psilanta. H.5. 
Pseiidoleptnra. 229. 
Psiionierus, 2{l9. 
piibipennis (Melegena), 

«i6. 
puella (Merionoedai. 

171. 
pugnax (Lpptiira), 80. 
))ugiias (Rbondia). 80. 
punciipennis ( Apiocepba- 

lus). 74. 
piinctipennis (Cyrto- 
nops', 60. 
Purpuricenini. 183. 
Pnrpuricenus. 184. 
pntzevsi (Xvlotrecluis). 

242. 
Py Testes. 227. 
Pyrestbes. 227. 
Pyrestini, 224. 
PvrfK'alvmuia. S-^. 



328 



ALPII AB F/ri( 'A I. 1 X DEX. 



pyrochroides (Pyro- 

calymuia), 80. 
pyrrha (Ipothalia). 223. 
pyi-rhus (Pyrestes), 228. 

quadricollis (Deinonax), 

2'.}3. 
quadricolor (Demonax), 

292. 
quadricolor (Rhaphuma), 

271. 
quadridens (Centrotocl}-- 

tiis), 308. 
quadridentatus (Homalo- 

inelas), 234. 
quadrideiitatiii (Zoode.s), 

116. 
quadrimaculatus (Poly- 

zonus), 214. 
qiiadi'imitaniin (Steny- 

grinuiJi), ll>4. 
quadripes (Xvlotrecluis), 

245. 
qiiinquenotata (Eha- 

phunia), 277. 

raripilutn (Ceresiuni). 

156. 
redemanui (Zonopteriis), 

15)2. 
regularis (Xoanodera), 

150. 
relictus (Hoploceram- 

byx), 131. 
Remphan, 33. 
reticollis (Demonax), 289. 
Rhai)hipodus. 30. 
Rliaphuma, 271. 
rhea (Rbaphuma), 276. 
Rliondia, 79. 
Rliytidodera. 146. 
rob'usta (Rbytidodera) 

147. 
robi'.stuin (Aphrodisiiini). 

209. 
Rosalia, 176. 
Rosaliini, 175. 
rostratiis (Aniibis), 221. 
rostratus (Durystbenes), 

6. 
rntundicolle (Ceresiuni), 

KiO. 
nibricollis (Caloclytus). 

265. 
rubriola (Leptura), 81. 
nibripeimis (Apbrodi- 

siuni). 210. 
rufipesiCeresinm), 158. 
rufiiiii (Corosiiiin), 157. 
rugiceps (.\canthopiio- 

rus), 24. 



riissieoUis (Rhapliimia ), 

264. 
riisticLis (Griocepbalus), 

oa. 

Sagittarius (Cali)clytiis), 

261. 
saigonensis (Polvzouiis), 

214. 
Sakuntala, 62. 
8alpinia, 163. 
sanguineus (Eicon), 310. 
sanguinolentus (Purpuri- 

cenu.s), 184. 
Sarmvdus, 51. 
sarta'(.Eolesthes), 129. 
sartorii (Xvlotrecbiis), 

241. 
scabricorne (.Ego.sorna), 

44. 
Sebasmia, 143. 
seniiluctuosus (De- 
monax), 285. 
seniiscutellata (Rba- 
phuma), 286. 
sericeus (FTespero- 

pbanes), 112. 
sericus (Pacbydissu.s), 

133. 
.serraticornis (Acantho- 

pborus), 23. 
serripes (Macrotoina), 

35. 
setiilosa (Epipedocera), 

308. 
sexnotata (Rhapliuma), 

275. 
siamensis (Xylol recluis), 

243. 
Sigeum, 235. 
signata (Protbema), 235. 
signiferum (Stromatiuin). 

118. 
bimilis (Lopliosternus), 

13. 
similis (Pacbvdissus), 

127. 
simplex (Ceresiuni), 162. 
simplex (Diortluis), 133. 
simplex (Gnatbolea), 111. 
simplex (Tbranius), 237. 
simulans (Rbytidodera), 

148. 
simulator (Clytus), 252. 
siiiense (Cbelidoiiiiim), 

212. 
.sinensis (yEolestbes), 1 28. 
sinensis (Traclivlopbus), 

146. 
Singalia, 236. 
8in<)lus. 169. 



smei (Xylotrpcbiis), 241. 
socia (Palpinia), 163. 
socius (Caloclytus), 264. 
sociiis (Lopliosternus), 

11. 
sordidus (Neocerambyx), 

133. 
speciosus (Caloclytus), 

260. 
S])begesthes, 250. 
spinicornis (Hoplo- 

cerambyx), 131. 
spinipeniiis (Singalia), 

237. 
spinosa (Macrotoma), 38. 
spondyloides (C.mtharo- 

cnemis), 2(5. 
stebbingi (Xylotrecbus), 

244. 
Stenbomahis, 166. 
Stenomalus, 166. 
Stenygrinum, 163. 
strigo:>us (Dyinasius), 

139. 
strigosus (nvi>oe-iebru8), 

104. 
Stromatium, 1 14. 
stygia (Capnolyinma), 73. 
subcoriaceus (Sarmydus), 

51. 
subdepressus (Xylotre- 

cbus). 249. 
subditus (Xvlotrechus\ 

246. 
subopacus (IiogjEUs), 20. 
subopacus (Rhapbipo- 

dus), 32. 
subscutellatus (Xvlotre- 

cbu<), 242. 
sulcatus (Pacbylocerus), 

225. 
suU'ii'ollis (Margites), 

1 38. 
sulcipenne (.-Egosoma), 

AS. 
s\dcipennis (Kphies), 88. 
superba (Pacbyteria), 

195. 
suturalis (Rbapbipodus), 

suturalis (Rhapbuma), 
278. 

tap!'obani('a(jMcriona:'da), 

173. 
tajirobanicus (Dopsus). 56. 
taprobanicus (Molor- 

clius), 170. 
ta}>i-obanicus (Rlinpbipo- 

(ius). 30. 
Tf'lcdapus. 77. 



ALPHABETICAL IXDEX. 



329 



teleph oroides (Callichro- 

luopsis), 181. 
teleplioroides (Dcesus), 

5(1. 
teleplioroides (Kunbir), 

174. 
teiiipk'toni (Sebasmia), 

144. 
teimicornis (Dialegesl, 

14l'. 
Terininale (vEgosoina), 49. 
testacea (Sebasmia), 144, 
testaeeus(Demoiiax), 287. 
Tetraoinmatus, 100. 
tetraspilotus (Poh'zomis), 

214. 
Tetropium, 95. 
tlioracica (Dere), 315. 
Tliraniini, 236. 
Thranius, 236. 
tibiale (--Ego.'joma), 47. 
tibialis (Notb opens), 204. 
torrida (Nypbasia), 152. 
toxotoides (Apatopbysi.=;). 

69. 
Toxotus, 78. 
Tracliylopbus, 145. 
trauqiiebaricus (Priouus), 

17. 
tricolor (Nirreus), 194. 
trifasciata (Ner'couia),()7. 
trigona (Xoanodera), 

149. 
trimaculatii (Rbapiiuiiia), 

277. 



trinalba (Rbapbuuia), 
278. 

Trinopbyliim, 155. 

triplagiatus (Tbi-anius), 
238. 

trochanter ins (Typo- 

dry as), 6(i. 

trogonimmi (Clilorido- 
hun), 199. 

Typodryas, 65. 

umbrina (Lamia). 121. 
iindulata (Epipedocera). 

307. 
midulatus (Dialeges), 

143. 
unicolor (Criocephalus). 

97. 
unicolor (Massicus), 130. 
unicolor (Pacbytoceru?), 

225. 

veliitinus (Pacbydissus), 

127. 
ventrale (Ceresimn), 160. 
ventralis (Oligoenoplus), 

302. 
van list us (Massicus), 

130. 
vernicosus (Cerambyx), 

133. 
versutus (Cerambyx), 

121. 
viciuus (Clytus), 241. 



virens (Leptura), 81. 
V(jluptuosa (Pacbyteria), 

195. 
TolvuUis (Ccrauihyx), 

136. 

walkeri (Baladeva), 9. 
walkeri (Demonax), 289. 
watsoni (Aglaophis), 304. 
watsoni (Polyzouus), 

218. 
westvvoodi (Erythrus), 

231. 

X-littera (Perissus), 254. 
Xoauodera, 148. 
Xylotrecbus, 241. 
Xystrocera, 105. 

Y-pallidum (Stenho- 

malus), 167. 

zeylanicuni (Ceresiuni), 
J 58. 

zivetta (Lopbostenuis), 
11. 

zona (Epipedocera), 306. 

zonatus (Homalomelas) 
234. 

zonopteroides (Pacby- 
teria), 209. 

ZoHopterus, 190. 

Zooblax, 38. 

Zoodes, 115. 



I'KINTED liV TAYl.Ol! AND FRA.NCI,^, liED LIO.S tOL'KT, FLEET STKEET. 






. -r.^' 



-■5^ -4 






S>i^^:: 



,if:j'';;',-Vi??< 



Sft,V-'.,l 









'^■iv