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Full text of "Contributions toward a bibliography of Gulliver's travels to establish the number and order of issue of the Motte editions of 1726 and 1727, their relative accuracy and the source of the changes made in the Faulkner editions of 1735, with a list of editions in a private collection and twenty-five plates"








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CONTRIBUTIONS TOWARDS A 
BIBLIOGRAPHY OF 

GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 



TO ESTABLISH THE NUMBER AND ORDER 
OF ISSUE OF THE 

MOTTE EDITIONS 

OF 
1726 and 1727 



THEIR RELATIVE ACCURACY AND THE SOURCE 
OF THE CHANGES MADE IN THE 

FAULKNER EDITION 

of 1735 

WITH A LIST OF EDITIONS IN A PRIVATE COLLECTION 
AND TWENTY-FIVE PLATES 



BY 

LUCIUS L. HUBBARD 



CHICAGO 
WALTER M. HILL 

1922 



Two hundred copies printed 



Copyright 1922 
By L. L. Hubbard 



MAR13 '22 



THE TORCH PRESS 

CEDAR RAPIDS 

IOWA 



§)C1.A659096 



*W 



# | 



This booklet is 

affectionately dedicated 

to a 

long-suffering 

Wife 

in memory of many 

silent evenings 

vouchsafed by her 

to its 

completion 



CONTENTS 

Page 

List of Plates ix 

The Writer to the Reader xi 

Table I. References xiv 

THE MOTTE EDITIONS 

Sequence and Composition 15 

Third Edition, 1726, Continuously Paged . . 17 
Table II. Collation of the Motte Octavo 

Editions 18 

General Grounds eor Priority oe Issue ... 21 

Portraits 2$ 

First Edition 27 

Second Edition, Volume I 29 

Volume II, Part III 31 

Part IV . . . 33 

Fourth Octavo Edition, 1727 36 

Table III. Headpieces to Contents and Chap- 
ter I 41 

The 24 Mo. Motte Edition, 1727 ... . 42 

FORD AND FAULKNER 

Text Differences . 44 

The Ford Corrections 45 



viii GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

THE FAULKNER TEXT 

Source; of Changes found in it 52 

Hawkesworth's Criticisms of the Faulkner 

Text 54 

List III. Changes Original With Faulkner . 63 

Swift's Complaints 73 

Obsolete, or Faulty English 77 

List IV. Examples 79 

Maps 93 

APPENDIX 

List I. Typographical Errors — from the 

"Paper" 96 

List II. Restitutions — from the "Book" . 108 

Bibliography 127 

Plates at End of Volume 



LIST OF PLATES 

AT END OF VOLUME 

Plate I Portrait oe Gulliver, First State. 

Plate II First Edition. General Title Page to 

Vol. I. (Used also for Second Edition). 

Plate III First Edition. Separate Title Page to 
Part I. (Used also for Second Edition). 

Plate IV First Edition. Separate Title Page to 
Part II. (Used also for Second Edition). 

Plate V First Edition. General Title Page to 

Vol. II, Parts III and IV. 

Plate VI First Edition. Separate Title Page to 
Part IV. 

Plate VII Third Edition. General Title Page to 

Vol. I. 
Plate VIII Third Edition. General Title Page to 

Vol. II. (Used also for Second Edition, 

Type B). 
Plate IX Portrait oe Gulliver, Second State. 
Plate X Portrait oe Gulliver, Third State. 

Plate Second Edition. General Title Page 

To Vol. I. (As in First Edition). SEE 

Plate II. 
Plate XI Second Edition. General Title Page 

to Vol. II, Type A, Parts III and IV. 

("The Second Edition"). 
Plate XII First Edition, Page 114, Vol. II, Part 

III. ("ngular" for "singular"). 



x GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

Plats Second Edition, Type A, Page 114, Vol. 

II, Part III. ( "ngular" for "singular") . 

SEE Plate XII. 
Plate XIII Second Edition, Type B, Page 114, Vol. 

II, Part III. ("singular"). 
Plate XIV Fourth (8vo) Edition, 1727: General 

Title Page to Vol. I. ("The Second 

Edition"). 
Plate XV Fourth (8vo) Edition, 1727: General 

Title Page to Vol. II, Parts III and 

IV. ( "The Second Edition, Corrected" ) . 
Plate XVI Fourth Edition (Cm. 16), 1727: Gen- 
eral Title Page to Vol. I. 
Plate XVII Fourth Edition (Cm. 16), 1727: Page 

109, Vol. II, Part III. ("deprived 

and hated"). 
Plate XVIII Dublin Edition (Cm. \9 l / 2 , Faulkner), 

1735 : Title Page. 
Plate XIX Dublin Edition (Cm. 1<% Faulkner), 

1735 : Portrait of Gulliver. 
Plate XX Dublin Edition (Cm. \6y 2 , Hyde), 1726 

Title Page. 
Plate XXI London Edition (Cm. 16, Stone), 1727 

Title Page. 
Plate XXII Paris Edition (Cm. 14, Martin), 1727 

Title Page. 
Plate XXIII Hague Edition (Cm. 15, Alberts), 1727 

Title Page. 
Plate XXIV Hague Edition (Cm. 16, Gosse), 1727 

Title Page. 
Plate XXV "Mildendo" Edition (Cm. 15^4, "Pyg- 

meos"), 1727: Title Page. 



THE WRITER TO THE RBADER 

Not many years ago there fell into the writer's hands half 
a score of copies of Gulliver's Travels printed in 1726 or in 
1727, some of them complete in the two volumes, and others 
of Volume I or of Volume II, unmated. A careful scrutiny 
brought out the fact that of the copies dated 1726 there were 
several whose title pages were seemingly alike, but whose 
texts differed to such a degree that these could not all have 
been printed from the same set of forms, even if the printer's 
errors had been amended during the press- work. Of the 
portrait of Gulliver which goes with these texts there were 
three marked varieties, one of which is very rare. Lastly, 
there was at the time a debate among bookmen as to the 
order of issue of the several texts and of two of the three 
portraits (the third having been unnoticed). These facts 
led the writer, as occasion offered, to the study of further 
copies, by the aid of which, so far as they could serve, he 
hoped he might bring together enough evidence to settle the 
questions of priority. He compared copy with copy, line 
by line, noted misspelled words, and by tracing changes in 
these from one copy to another, was at last able to separate 
and define the different editions and to place them in what 
seemed to be the order of their issue. The conclusions thus 
drawn from within have been fully supported by later evi- 
dence from without. 



xii GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

The following pages were in large measure written, and in 
them the first edition of Gulliver's Travels was pointed out, 
before the writer fell in with Mr. G. Ravenscroft Dennis's 
edition of that work (Cf. infra, p. 45). A single footnote 
in the latter might have saved the writer a large part of his 
labor, if he had earlier known the facts stated by Mr. Dennis. 
The footnote is on page xii and quotes what is thought to 
be the first notice of the publication of "Gulliver." It reads 
in part : 

"The following advertisement appeared in 'The Daily 

Journal' of October 28th, 1726. 

'This Day is Published 

Travels into several remote Nations of the World, by 

Lemuel Gulliver. In Two Volumes. 

Printed for Benj. Motte, at the Middle Temple Gate, Fleet 

Street. N. B. There are a few printed on a Royal Paper'." 

Although some large paper copies of editions other than 
the first might also have been printed, and been lost, the line 
last above quoted furnishes strong evidence that the known 
large paper copies with Gulliver's portrait in the rare state 
are of the first edition, and they might well be taken to settle 
this mooted question. However, the evidence set forth in 
the following pages may have some value from its cumula- 
tive character; and a knowledge of the method followed by 
the writer may possibly be of some aid to investigators in 
other like fields. A critical comparison of the various edi- 
tions that followed the first in rapid succession has probably 
never been made before, and these considerations may justify 
the preservation, in printed form, of the facts noted. 



PREFACE xiii 

It is even more important to compare the text of the earli- 
est of Motte's editions with that of his latest, which embodies 
corrections supplied by Swift's friend, Charles Ford; and 
these texts with that of Faulkner (Dublin), which was the 
first to contain passages suppressed or altered by Motte, and 
is supposed to have had the approval, if not the active super- 
vision, of Swift himself. 

The writer wishes to express his appreciation of the in- 
terest taken in this work and assistance rendered by his 
friend, the late Professor Isaac N. Demmon. 

Lucius L. Hubbard 
Houghton, Michigan 
June, 1921 



TABLE I. REFERENCES 

To find passages in Gulliver's Travels cited in these pages, when 
no Motte edition is accessible, the following table may be found 
useful : 

Motte Editions 

First, 1726, and Fourth (8vo), 1727 — (separate paginationf) ; 
and Third, 1726 (continuous paginationf). 



PART 


I 


PART II 


PART 


III 


PART IV 


PAGES 


CHAP. 


PAGES 


PAGES 


CHAP. 


PAGES 






S.P. 


C.P. 






S.P. 
1-17 


C.P.J 


1-24 


I 


1-29 


149-177 


1-14 


I 


155-171 


25-46 


II 


30-42 


178-190 


15-34 


II 


18-32 


172-186 


47-64 


III 


43-66 


191-214 


35-47 


III 


33-46 


187-200 


65-76 


IV 


67-77 


215-225 


48-61 


IV 


47-59 


201-213 


77-91 


V 


78-100 


226-248 


62-79 


V 


60-79 


214-233 


92-114 


VI 


101-121 


249-268 


80-93 


VI 


80-97 


234-251 


115-133 


VII 


122-137 


269-283 


94-103 


VII* 


98-116 


252-270 


134-148 


VIII 


138-164 


284-310 


104-117 


VIII 


117-131 


271-285 










118-126 


IX 


132-144 


286-298 










127-146 


X 


145-163 


299-317 










147-155 


XI 


164-183 


318-337 










(154) 


XII 


184-199 


338-353 



t Hereafter designated as "S.P." and "C.P." respectively. 
t In the Motte C. P. edition many of the pages are misnumbered. 
* In all the Motte editions, and in the 8vo. ed. of Faulkner, 1735, 
Chap. VII, Part III, is wrongly numbered V. 



THE MOTTE EDITIONS 

SEQUENCE AND COMPOSITION 

Gulliver's Travels, by Jonathan Swift, was first published 
in 1726, at London. In that year there were three editions 
and in 1727 one edition, all in octavo, and in 1727 at least 
one in 24mo, that bear the same imprint — "Printed for 
BENJ. MOTTE, at the Middle Temple-Gate in Fleet-street." 
In Vol. II of all Motte editions "Benjamin" is printed in 
full, and "in Fleet-street" omitted. In the following discus- 
sion the 24mo edition, unless specifically mentioned, is not 
included. 

These several editions consist of four "Parts," Voyages 
respectively to (I) Lilliput, (II) Brobdingnag, (III) La- 
puta, etc., and (IV) to the Country of the Houyhnhnms. 
The four Parts were issued in two volumes of two Parts 
each, and in one of the four editions the two Parts that com- 
pose each volume are continuously paged; in the others, 
separately. In the following pages these terms will be ab- 
breviated to "C. P." and "S. P." respectively. The state- 
ment has been made that the Paris were issued separately. 
Of the C. P. edition the Parts were obviously intended not 
to be thus issued. Indeed the volumes speak for them- 
selves and there is further contemporaneous evidence that 
this negative intention applies to each of the other editions 
also. (Cf. supra, p. xii.) 

Each of Parts I, II, and IV has its separate title page; 
Part III has a title page covering both Part III and Part IV. 
The separate title page except in Part I of the 2nd and 4th 
editions has the verso blank and is followed by "The Con- 



16 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

tents" or list of chapter headings. Vol. I has also a general 
title page — "Travels into Several Remote Nations of the 
World. In four Parts. By Lemuel Gulliver, First a Sur- 
geon, and then a Captain of several Ships," with the im- 
print given above (p. xii). This title page has its verso 
blank in all issues and is followed by a leaf containing on 
the recto the titles of the four Parts, this in turn by 'The 
Publisher to the Reader" (5 pp.), which is signed by Richard 
Sympson. These "general" leaves in Vol. I immediately 
precede the separate title page. 

In the two S. P. editions of 1726 and .in that of 1727 the 
preliminary leaves at the front of each Vol. I are numbered, 
the numeration including the title page and leaf of part- 
contents, which themselves are, however, without numbers. 
In these editions, therefore, as in the C. P. edition, the Parts 
were evidently not intended to be issued separately, so far at 
least as those of Vol. I are concerned. In Vol. II as well 
as in Part II of Vol. I, in all of th,e editions, the preliminary 
leaves are not numbered. 

In one of the S. P. editions of 1726 the preliminary pages 
of Vol. I are xvi in number — a full signature — including 
four blank "versos." In the other three editions of both 
years there are only xii such pages, numbered throughout 
as above in two of them, but in the other (C. P.), only to 
viii inclusive. These twelve pages with the first two 
leaves of the text (xii+4) constitute signature A; signa- 
ture B in each case beginning with page 5. In the S. P. 
editions there is only one blank verso, and in the C. P. 
there are two, but the Contents in the latter edition are con- 
densed into two pages. In all of the other cases, i.e., Part 
II and Vol. II, in which the preliminary leaves are not num- 
bered (vi and viii pages respectively), signature B begins 
on the first page of the text. The process of gaining space 
is apparently responsible for this lack of uniformity in the 
division of the signatures. 

Each volume I of the four editions bears on its title page 



MOTTE EDITIONS 17 

the term "Vol. I," whereas, of Vol. II of the 1726 editions, 
in only the C. P. edition is the volume number indicated. 
This C. P. edition is later than the other two, as will appear 
below, but the title page of its Vol. II was also used with 
the text of the next preceding edition (PI. VIII). 

At this point it may be well to tabulate the four editions 
in a tentative order of their issue (Table II), to the end that 
the reader may the more readily follow the evidence adduced 
for that order, and be better able to judge of its weight. 

If said order (p. 18) be correct — in other words, if the 
date of issue of the C. P. edition can be established as later 
than those of the two S. P. editions of 1726 — the order of 
issue of these two is clearly indicated by the title page of 
Vol. II of "The Second Edition." 

With a view to determine this point, let us here consider, 
apparently out of its logical order, the C. P. edition. 

THIRD EDITION, 1726, CONTINUOUSLY PAGED 

Copies of the C. P. edition (1726) are not uncommon that 
were apparently issued bound with certain pamphlets 
which review the several Parts. One copy contains the 
following: At the end of Part I, "A Key, being Observa- 
tions and explanatory notes upon the Travels of Lemuel 
Gulliver. . . In a letter to Dean Swift." (29 numbered pp. 
and 3 unnumbered pp. of "Book's printed for H. Curll") : 
At the end of Part II, "The Brobdingnagians. Being a Key 
to Gulliver's Voyage to Brobdingnag. In a Second letter 
to Dean Swift." (32 pp.) : At the end of Part III, "The 
Flying Island, . .' . Being a Key to Gulliver's Voyage to 
Laputa, Balnibarbi, Glubbdubdribb, Luggnagg and Japan. 
In a Third Letter to Dean Swift," (32 pp.) : And at the end 
of Part IV, "The Kingdom of Horses. Being a Key to 
Gulliver's Voyage to the Houyhnbnms. In a Fourth Letter 
to Dean Swift." (28 pp.) Each letter has the imprint 
"London; Printed in the year MDCCXXVI. Price six 





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MOTTE EDITIONS 19 

Pence." The first Letter is signed "Corolini, di Marco," 
and each of the others "C. D. M." x 

These reviews or letters refer to the Parts or Voyages by 
chapter and page. In the second letter, i.e., the review of 
Part II, the references are to pages 5 to 156 and must there- 
fore be to a separately paged edition, i.e., to either the first 
or the second. In the fourth they are to pages 156 to 342 
and are therefore to the continuously paged edition with 
which this letter is bound. Therefore at least one of the 
S. P. editions probably preceded the C. P. edition, and if 
only one it must have been the first edition, and can not 
have been the second, whichever title page was used in Vol. 
II of the latter {Cf. infra p. 32, and Pis. VIII and XI). 

Plates II and VI, opposite pages 149 and 155 respectively, 
of the two volumes of the C. P. edition, are in all editions 
designated as of Page 1, showing that their use in a S. P. 
edition was anterior to their use in the C. P. edition. 

In the first letter the author, referring (p. 16) to the 
veracity of Mr. Gulliver, quotes his editor, Mr. Richard 
Sympson, "in his Preface, page vi." This reference may 
be either to the second (S. P.) or to the third (C. P.) edi- 
tion. It cannot be to the first edition because the matter in 
question is there on page vii. Since the 3rd or C. P. edi- 
tion was just excluded in the reference to Part II by the low 
page numbers, the reference here must be to the other S. P., 
i.e., the second edition, which therefore also antedates the 

1 In the copy that contains the four letters there is also bound 
immediately before the first letter a leaf of "Verses writ in the 
Blank Leaf of a Lady's Gulliver, as it lay open, in an Apartment of 
St. James's Palace." This leaf is preceded by a title-page "Lemuel 
Gulliver's Travels into several Remote Nations of the World. 
Compendiously methodized, for publick Benefit; with Observations 
and Explanatory Notes throughout . . . London . . . mdccxxvi. 
Preceding these two leaves is a plate described on the title-page as 
follows : 

Above, the Lilliputian — Scene survey; 

Beneath, see Flimnap, by his Wand, bear sway." 



20 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

C. P. edition. The first letter is dated Nov. 18th, twenty- 
days after the publication of the first edition (supra, p. xii), 
and was apparently published by the notorious Curll, who 
kept all of Swift's books on sale (footnote, first letter, p. 7). 

Another copy of the C. P. edition has, bound with it, the 
first letter, and at the end of Vol. II a pamphlet entitled "A 
Letter from a Clergyman to his Friend, with an Account of 
the Travels of Capt. Lemuel Gulliver; and a Character of 
the Author. To which is added, The True Reasons why a 
certain Doctor was made a Dean. London: Printed for A. 
Moore, near St. Paul's, MDCCXXVI. Price 3d." (22 pp.). 
This letter is dated Dec. 7, 1726. 

In the firsts letter the author says (p. 5) "These four 
Voyages are bound up in two Octavo Volumes . . . The 
town are infinitely more eager after them than they were 
after Robinson Crusoe," etc. It is probable that all avail- 
able copies were bound and put into circulation as quickly as 
possible. Gay wrote to Swift, Nov. 17, 1726, "the whole 
impression sold in a week." 2 The date of the second of the 
above two pamphlets, Dec. 7, 1726, or later, may therefore 
represent the approximate date of issue of the 3rd edition, 3 
about thirty-nine days later than that of the first edition. 

Beside the above evidence for the comparative order of 
issue of the two S. P. and the C. P. editions respectively 
there is a striking instance of sequence in the transformations 
of a word found in Part IV, 52.12, 4 in the sentence "But 
it is impossible to represent 5 his noble resentment," etc. In 
the four editions it appears as follows: 1st edition — "rep- 
resent"; 2nd edition — "repreat" ; 3rd edition — "repeat"; 
4th (8vo.) 6 edition — "represent." "Repeat" makes good 



2 The Works of Jonathan Szvift &c, London, 1843. Vol. II, p. 
594. 

3 Four editions of Robinson Crusoe were issued between April 
25th and August 8th, 1719. 

4 This and similar references are to page and line. 

5 The Dublin edition by Faulkner, 1735, reads "express." 

6 The reason for this designation will appear later. See p. 73. 



MOTTE EDITIONS 21 

sense, and is the most natural correction of "repreat." 
Whoever was responsible for the return to "represent" in 
the 4th (8vo.) edition, it is quite evident, from many other 
examples also, that this reversion by Motte to an earlier text 
was a contemporary admission that the text thus restored is 
the text that was derived directly from the author's man- 
uscript, that is, the first edition. 

Some typographical details of this C. P. edition are given 
in the foregoing table No. II. The first three Parts are 
printed in uniform type, the fourth in larger type. The 
latter Part may have been set and printed before the others 
were finished, which would account for the otherwise prema- 
ture reference to this edition in the fourth letter which is 
bound up with it, or perhaps the letter was printed and 
circulated contemporaneously with the book, as an adver- 
tisement. 

This edition contains scarcely a dozen errors of spelling 
in the text, and these are mostly of minor importance. With 
the exception of errors in the page numbers, it has been 
carefully edited, not less with respect also to a systematic 
capitalization of nouns, and to punctuation. It closely fol- 
lows the text of the first edition. It has the portrait in the 
second state. It is fairly common and is usually described 
in catalogues as the "First Edition [without comma] with 
continuous pagination," a designation that is true but liable 
to misconstruction. 

With the perspective furnished us by the above tabulation 
let us after some general considerations proceed to a more 
detailed examination of the remaining editions. 

GENERAL GROUNDS FOR PRIORITY OF ISSUE 

In weighing the evidence for priority of issue between 
two texts which show a word misspelled in the one and 
correct in the other, in "settings" otherwise identical, the 



22 



GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 



correct form is likely to mark the later 7 issue, but when the 
two settings are manifestly independent of each other, the 
correct form of the word does not necessarily mark the later 
issue of the text. 8 The compositor, whether he be the same 
or different in the two cases, may err in either case, especial- 
ly if he be in a hurry. The words "Subsidues" (2nd Ed., 
Pt. I, 35.5), and "ehe" in the running title (Ibid., Pt. IV, 
165), are frequently cited as evidence of priority over "Sub- 
sidies" and "the," and as marking the first edition of Gulli- 
ver's Travels. Issuing three editions of this work within 
two months is a further testimony to its popularity, and in 
parts of two of the editions we have abundant evidence of 
haste. 

The first edition of a book of this character would natur- 
ally be prepared with more care, than a later edition set and 
printed hastily to meet a popular demand. For the first 
edition the compositor works from manuscript, but for later 
ones he would find the printed sheets of an earlier issue 
more convenient as copy. These statements are well exem- 
plified in the editions above tabulated as first and second 
respectively. Volume I and a part of Volume II of the 
first edition are singularly free from errors of spelling — 
which are the errors that the more readily catch the eye — 
while the second edition contains many. Two prominent 
errors of this kind have just been cited. A few of the many 
others are: 



?The words "Pilate" and "Pilot" in the 1st ed. of Robinson 
Crusoe furnish an instance in point. Where, under the old process 
of hand-inking, type were pulled out and put back, they might be 
misplaced and show an error in the later printing, but this cannot 
apply to an error like that from Robinson Crusoe nor to those about 
to be cited. 

8 This argument was advanced and ably defended by the late 
Luther S. Livingston, in an article in the New York Post of De- 
cember 23, 1905, in which he strongly differed from some conclu- 
sions in the Hoe catalogue. 



MOTTE EDITIONS 



23 





FIRST EDITION 


second Edition 


Part 


I, 


3.19 


too 


two 






16.5 


understood 


understook 






27.9 


momentous 


momentuous 






44.7 


to and fro 


two and fro 






63.1 


Articles 


Arties 


Part 


II, 


163.16 


Goose 


Gooss 


Part 


III, 


79.5 


Abstinence 


Abstience 






80.3 


received 


re-received 






89.7 


strict 


strick 






.19 


Tincture 


tinture 


Part 


IV, 


10.16 


Wonder 


Wondet 






37.2 


Language 


Languxge, &c. &c. 



The compositor of a new edition might correct some errors 
in the first if any there were, and overlook others. He 
would even make new ones, as is apparent as late as the 
editions of 1727. Witness the following examples from the 
4th (8vo.) edition: 



Part 


I, 


138.21 


impossile (for "impossible") 


Part 


II, 


3.19 


hurlling (for "hulling") 


Part 


III, 


5.10 


tryed (for "tyed" and "tied") 






36.13 


course (for "Cause") 






105.8 


think (for "thin") 






155.11 


omission of "found" 


Part 


IV, 


5.1 


expostuled (for "expostulated") 






36.17 


greet (for "great") 






45.18 


himself (for "myself") 






120.23 


Actvity (for Activity") 






139.18 


Smilies (for "Similies") 



All of which are given correctly in each of the earlier edi- 
tions. 

Part III of the 4th (8vo) edition is singularly free from 
errors of spelling. One error common to all four editions 
is the misnumbering of Chap. VII, Vol. II, Part III, 94, 
which is printed "Chap. V." While this error may have 
occurred in the manuscript, it must have been copied subse- 



24 



GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 



quently from the printed sheets. 9 A similar error, due rath- 
er to Swift's oversight, is "Lilliput" for "Blefuscu" (Pt. I, 
145.8) which is first corrected in the 4th edition, and is 
found uncorrected in some modern editions. This correc- 
tion points to an unusual amount of care taken in the prep- 
aration of the 4th (8vo.) edition, and yet we have seen 
some errors in that edition, that occur in none of the pre- 
ceding. 

Of the copies used for this investigation nearly all were 
in contemporaneous bindings, the prevailing style being 
panelled calf. A few "hybrids," in which the text of one 
edition is joined with the title page of another, are found 
in circulation, but all that were noted by the writer were in 
new bindings. Possibly a commercial spirit has prompted 
some of these combinations, for in this way a "rare" edi- 
tion could be made that would tempt the uninformed col- 
lector, or a second edition palmed off as a first. 

Some unusual combinations probably originated during 
the period of the early issues. One such is the combination 
already noted of the preliminary leaves and text of "The 
Second Edition," Vol. II, with the first title page of the 3rd 
edition (edition not noted on title page). At least one copy 
like this is known in contemporaneous binding and was 
probably the work of the publisher; rebound copies are 
common ; the supply of the proper title page may have been 
exhausted. This combination has given rise to the belief 
that there were two issues of the 2nd edition, and further 
ground for this belief lies in some minor variations in the 
text that will be considered duly. Note well, that the mates 
(Vol. I) of these two varieties of Vol. II are in all respects 
identical. 

The first edition, as already noted, has xvi preliminary 
pages at the front of Vol. I while each of the later editions 
has but xii. The printed matter is the same in each case, 

9 The same error appears in the 24mo. ed. of 1727, by the same 
publisher, and in the 8vo. (but not in the 12mo.) Dublin ed. of 1735. 



MOTTE EDITIONS 25 

but in the first edition there are four blank pages, in the 
third, two, and in the second and fourth there is one. In 
these the printed matter has been moved towards the front to 
fill one or more of the blank pages. To the pages thus 
gained in the C. P. edition a fourth was added by condens- 
ing the three pages of the Contents into two, as already 
noted. The resulting xii pages of preliminary matter 
united with the first four pages of text form signature A, 
leaving 144 pages of text in Part I for the next nine full 
signatures. This change was in the interest of economy, and 
of the two editions the one that is the more economically 
arranged should seem to be the later. 

In Part II there are no differences in the signature divi- 
sions, between the 1st and 2nd editions — 3 preliminary 
leaves, 10 full signatures and two leaves of signature M. 
In the third edition, however, two full pages are gained in 
Chapters VI and VII. 

In Part III the second edition gains one page over the 
first edition, in Chapter XL The third edition is like the 
second. 

In Part IV the first two editions are alike in their signa- 
tures, and the third, although slightly different from them, 
occupies the same number of pages. This difference is due 
to several slight enlargements of the text. 

The order of issue of the first three editions as shown in 
the table is thus also on economical grounds apparently 
justified. 10 

PORTRAITS 

Each of the octavo editions has, as frontispiece to Vol. I, 
an oval medallion portrait of "Captain Lemuel Gulliver." 
This portrait occurs in three states. The earliest print has 

10 W. Spencer Jackson, in Vol. XII, p. 144, of The Prose Works of 
Jonathan Swift, D.D., edited by Temple Scott, rightly designates 
the first edition of Gulliver's Travels (Cf. Vol. VIII of the same 
series.) 



26 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

the name of Gulliver in a tablet below the medallion, while 
a group of ten concentric lines in an oval surrounds the oval 
that forms the border of the medallion (PI. I). The second 
state has the name of Gulliver in or on the ten-lined oval 
around the portrait and a Latin quotation from Persius in 
the tablet where the name stood formerly. The third is a 
retouch of the second, as is particularly evident in the four 
corners outside the outer oval, and in the additional shading 
on the inner oval (Pis. IX and X). That this is the sequence 
of these portraits is apparent from the absolute identity, in 
all copies, of the ten oval lines in the first two states. These 
could not possibly have been totally erased with the name, 
and re-engraved without some differences. Moreover there 
are in some copies visible traces of erasures made of lines 
and letters in the tablet, when Gulliver's name was trans- 
posed and the Latin quotation engraved in its place. In the 
third state these lines are restored. The portrait in the first 
state occurs rarely, and then only in the first edition, both 
large paper and standard size. The portrait in the third 
state first occurs in the fourth (8vo.) edition, but not always. 
The other plates in these editions are two maps for Part 
III, and one for each of the other Parts, and a plate of 
symbols in Part III. 

The consideration of the C. P. edition was taken up out 
of its apparently logical order, with the object of establish- 
ing a fixed datum point, to which different lines of evidence 
might be tied. This edition appears, on satisfactory con- 
temporaneous evidence, to have been issued later than De- 
cember 7, 1726, and to have been the last edition of that 
year. 

It is important next to show that there were only two 
other editions or issues in 1726, and this can best be done by 
describing and classifying the other copies, in the order of 
their issue, that were printed in that year. 



MOTTE EDITIONS 27 

FIRST EDITION 

Some details on this edition have already been given with 
the opinion that great care would naturally be taken in the 
preparation of the first issue of a book whose claims to 
public favor might in part depend upon its typographical 
excellence, especially if the author were unknown. This 
opinion is found justified for Vol. I and for the first half 
of Parts III and IV respectively. 

In Vol. I few or no cases of misspelling occur unless 
some of those below be such. 

There are cases of the use of "y" for "i" such as "coyns," 
"carryes" ; tyed, ty'd, tied ; Traytor, Traitor ; Pyrate, Pirate ; 
of the shorter form of the past participle, such as "fastned" 
and "stript." No uniformity seems to have been practised ; 
different spellings of the same word occur on adjacent pages, 
or even on the same page; we find Governour, Governor; 
Gardener, Gardiner; Shoar, Shore; extream, extreme; 
Shooes, Shoos, Shoes; Cloaths, Cloths, Clothes; Wast, 
Waste, Waist; Gooss, Goose; Floud, Flood; Scituation, Sit- 
uation ; and others. No arguments for sequence of editions 
have been based on these differences. 

Two words are omitted without impairing the sense; 
"grave (and) decent" (Pt. II, 55.8) and "as fast (as) he 
could" (Part II, 61.12). There are errors of punctuation and 
a want of uniformity in the capitalization of nouns and 
numerals, but these have not been critically considered be- 
because they are not needed for the purpose in hand, and 
because no fast rule in their use seems to have been followed 
in any of the editions. 

The text of Vol. I is printed uniformly from the same 
font; that of Vol. II is also uniform throughout but the 
type is larger than that of Vol. I. In the former the printed 
page of 25 lines is 5}4 inches high; in the latter, 5 T /> inches 
(second ed. 5 T % in. and 5 T V in.) or less. Page 74 of Part 
III is wrongly numbered "44." 



28 



GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 



The usual size of the leaf in the standard 8vo. editions is 
about 7\^ x 4% inches. Of the first edition some copies 
were printed on large paper, about 9y% x 5^4 inches. So 
far as known, these large paper copies are found with the 
portrait in the first state only. 

There were seven text variations noticed in this edition, 
which point to changes that occurred during the press work. 
Three corrected words appear in only the large paper copies 
— all on one page; the fourth was found in only one of the 
standard copies consulted. The former are "Conspiricies" 
and "turbulancy" (Pt. Ill, 90.11, 90.12 and 90.13), so 
spelled in the standard copies, and the catchword "sufficient" 
(Pt. IV, 64.26) which in this edition appears to have been 
changed only in the large paper copies to "frequent," to 
correspond with the first word of the next page. 11 

The fourth case is "Guiuea" (Pt. Ill, 155.1) which was 
found correct in only one copy, and that of standard size. 
It may be noted, however, that the italic "n" inverted is not 
distinguishable from "u," and if this be a case of "pulled" 
type, the correct form may have preceded the incorrect. In 
any event the above evidence should seem to indicate that 
the large paper copies represent an intermediate if not the 
final printing of the first edition. 12 

From and after page 90 in Part III there are many errors 
in the first edition, and signatures I to K, pp. 113-144, in all 

11 The word "frequent" at the head of the next page is mis- 
spelled "frequant" in some copies of the second edition. 

12 The errors on page 50, Pt. IV, in the large paper copies, "trea- 
sted" for "treated," "old" for "sold," and "ill" for "till," evidently 
originated during the press-work. These words severally begin or 
end a line. In the standard copies the "s" of "sold" is already out 
of alignment. It finally worked out and was re-inserted three lines 
further up before the second syllable of "trea-ted," as is evident 
from the fact that the "s" in that syllable is of the single type, and 
not of the usual "st" combination. The "t" of "till" seems to have 
disappeared from the page. These errors were noted by Ford, 
but have not been found thus far in copies of standard size. 



MOTTE EDITIONS 29 

copies examined appear, with some minor exceptions (see p. 
33), to be identical with the same signatures in the second 
edition. An examination of further copies may result in 
the finding of a different text for these signatures. 

SECOND EDITION, VOLUME I 

The fact has already been noted that copies of this vol- 
ume, which contains the error "Subsidues," are mated re- 
spectively with the Vol. II entitled "The Second Edition," 
(Type A), and with another whose relative position in the 
series is not indicated, but which is distinguished among the 
S. P. copies of 1726 by having "Vol. II" on its title page 
(Type B). It is none other than the title page of the C. P. 
edition (PL VIII). 

It is in this edition that occur the largest number of errors, 
and where consequently we should expect to find the largest 
number of variations in the text, if errors were corrected as 
they were noticed during the progress of the printing. Vol- 
ume I of this edition is printed in large part from a font 
like that used both in the first and C. P. editions, and in the 
absence of typographical errors equivalent pages from the 
three texts cannot usually be distinguished apart. 

In its entirety, however, the text of Vol. I of the second 
edition, in contrast with the uniformity that marks the other 
texts, is separable into four units, to-wit: pages 1-52, Part 
I ; page 53, Part I, to p. 80, Part II, inclusive ; pages 81-160, 
and 161-164, Part II. Each of the first three units ends on 
the last page of a signature. The type of the first and 
second units is similar but not identical; that of the third 
unit is quite different from that of any of the others. 
Changes in the page numbers and running titles from unit 
to unit increase the contrasts,' and finally the paper of the 
first and third units, so far as noted, is thinner than that of 
the second. These facts lead to the belief that the first and 
third units were not only set, but actually printed in a dif- 



30 



GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 



ferent establishment, or in different establishments, from 
the second. A similar inference may also account for dif- 
ferences noted above in the earlier issue. 

The three title pages of Vol. I are identical with those of 
the first edition,) the first or general title page being 6^ 
inches high, outside border to border. The separate title 
page to Part I of these two editions (PI. Ill) is the only 
title page in the series that has a printer's device, which is a 
basket of fruit and flowers. The condensation of the xvi 
preliminary pages of the first edition into xii pages in the 
later editions has already been noted (p. 16). Exactly the 
same setting has apparently been used in each case, except 
that for the Contents a narrower headpiece and the omis- 
sion of the tailpiece were found necessary for lack of space, 
and in the later edition the catchword at the bottom of the 
last page of the Contents of Part II is printed "TRVELS." 

The preliminary leaves of a book are printed last. While 
Vol. I of the second edition was in the printing the forms of 
the preliminary pages of the first edition were still available, 
and the printer here again exercised his economical bent and 
used with them the old title pages in preference to labeling 
his new Vol. I as the second edition, to correspond with its 
mate, Vol. II. 

Examples of errors of spelling in this edition have already 
been given. There are at least ten of them in the first unit 
to two in the other ninety-six pages of Part I. In some 
copies corrections have been made of some of these errors 
which are not without interest : 



p. 22.3 


p. 25 


p. 2621 


FOUND IN COPIES 


gerat 
gerat 
great 
great 


Headpiece inverted 
Headpiece upright 
Headpiece inverted 
Headpiece upright 


inpartially 
inpartially 
impartially 
impartially 


five 
two 
two 
two 



These three errors occur respectively on pages 2, 5, and 6 
of signature C, Part I. The signatures were printed in two 



MOTTE EDITIONS 31 

halves or "lorms" of eight pages each, front and back, in 
two operations. Pages 2 and 6 were on one side — the 
inner form — and page 5 was on the outer. The inner 
form of some sheets must have been printed at the same time 
as the outer of other sheets, both before and after the cor- 
rection of the errors, leaving one side of the sheet blank in 
each case, while the sheets perhaps were drying. Sheets 
with "gerat" and "inpartially," were then printed on the 
back, respectively before and after the correction of the 
headpiece. Similarly, of sheets on which the headpiece side 
or outer form was printed first (uncorrected and corrected 
respectively), some were then printed on the other side 
before, and some after the two words had been corrected. 
In no other probable way would the intermediate combina- 
tions be possible. 

Copies with all three corrections represent therefore the 
latest states of the forms in question. The two copies noted 
in this class have in Vol. II the title page from the third 
edition. The uncut copy from the Hoe collection is also in 
this class, so that instead of being a first edition it really 
represents the latest printing of the second. So far, then, 
as Volume I is concerned, there can not be said to be a second 
issue of the second edition. There was but one. 

No other variants were noticed in Part I, and none at all 
in Part II. 

SECOND EDITION, VOLUME TWO 

Part III 

The natural, i.e., the earlier mate of the Vol. I just de- 
scribed is probably the more common volume, the one first 
above designated, and labeled "The Second Edition" (PI. 
XI). The publication of this edition having been shown to 
have preceded that of the C. P. edition, the use of the title 
page of the latter with the body of the former must have been 
simply an economical makeshift, an example of which we 
have already seen in Vol. I. Moreover, in the latter combi- 



32 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

nation there seem to be the more passages that have under- 
gone alteration (Cf. pp. 31, 33). 

The general title page in this volume — "The Second Edi- 
tion" — is 6^ inches high within the outside frame of the 
border. The substituted title page is about 6% inches high, 
and as noted above has on it "Vol. II" (PI. VIII). In each 
of these general title pages the first letter of the date, M, is 
larger than those that follow it, and differs in this respect 
from the first edition, in which these letters are all of the 
same size. 

The "Contents," as a unit, is of a different setting and its 
capitals are of a different font from those of the first edi- 
tion. In the body of the text, however, the same font of 
type as in the first edition seems to have been used through- 
out the volume. 

A careful examination of Part III in many copies showed 
only two variants caused by the correction of two misspelled 
words. The identity of this Part in all other respects in all 
of the copies, with either title page — and there are many 
means of identification — is beyond question. These words 
are "Debr" for "Debt" (p. 15.15), and "ngular" for "singu- 
lar" (p. 114.6). 

A comparison of Part III in the first and second editions 
shows a well marked difference in the capitalization of nouns, 
in the spelling of certain words, and in several cases in the 
lineal grouping — or setting — of the words of the text over 
two or more lines. See pp. 7, 77, 82, 87, 99, 103, and 104. 
There are some pages that look identical in the two cases, 
but since great care was generally taken to have the pages 
in the different editions correspond at the first and last word 
respectively, often no dissimilarity throughout the page is 
distinguishable where similar type was used. These remarks 
apply generally to Part III ; except to signatures I and K, 
pages 113-144. Head pieces, chapter headings and tail 
pieces, defective type and misspelled words show that these 
two signatures are identical with those of the first edition, 



MOTTE EDITIONS 33 

as above intimated. Of defective type two instances are in 
"I hired" (p. 121.7) and in "Mouths" (p. 123.7), and of 
misspelled words a few are "Justce" (p. 113.6), "en-ed" (p. 
115.9), and "menti-ed" (p. 139.5). 

As between the first and second editions only two variants 
were noted in these signatures. The error "ngular" appears 
in all eight copies consulted of the first edition (PI. XII). 
It was found corrected in two copies of the second edition, 
and in each case the copy had the general title page of the 
third edition, as might be expected (PI. XIII). 

The second variant is "converse" (p. 138.1) for "(he had) 
conversed," which occurs in the verbal form in this passage 
in copies of the first edition, but in the substantival (although 
nowhere capitalized) in all of the other editions, so far as 
noted. (Cf. infra, p. 93.) 

Of Part III, then, there were only two S. P. editions in 
1726, and only one issue of each edition. 

Part IV 

A superficial comparison of Part IV of the first edition 
with that of the second edition leads to the belief that they 
are in all respects identical. The first title page, the head- 
pieces of the Contents and of Chapter I, the running titles 
and the page numbers, and finally the type of the text, all 
point to this conclusion. Careful scrutiny, however, leads 
to a different conclusion. The lower right leg of R in 
WORLD on the title page in one case is horizontal on the 
bottom ; in the other curved. The headpiece of the Contents, 
beside other differences, is respectively without and with 
stars at the four corners. Although the headpiece and the 
initial letter to Chapter I are the same there are three differ- 
ences in the chapter Contents on that page. 

After Chapter I the headpieces in the two editions agree 
only in signatures C, F, K, and N, so that on general prin- 
ciples it should be only in these signatures that we might 
possibly find other evidences of identity, but in all of them 



34 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

except N we do find evidence, amounting to proof, that they 
were not printed from the same settings for both editions. 
This evidence is found : ( 1 ) In italicized nouns whose initial 
letters are from different fonts in the two several issues (p. 
71, etc.)- The forms "Gray" and "Grey" are used indis- 
criminately, even on the same page, so they could not have 
been a subject of correction from one printing to another; 
(2) The first edition contains the more reasonable reading 
in passages of which two versions exist, as might be expected 
where type is set from manuscript ; (3) There is often notice- 
able on corresponding pages otherwise alike a difference in 
the spacing of the words, which not seldom extends to an 
apparent reset of one or more lines. 

In signature N, however, instances of marred type, as 
hereinafter noted (p. 36), show that the same settings were 
used both in the first and second editions. 

This Part IV of the second edition, beside its real and 
pseudo-resemblances to the same Part of the first edition, 
has some other peculiarities not equally accentuated in the 
other Parts. It contains about sixty errors, and signature 
I, pages 113-128, occurs in two entirely different settings, 
which together contain, in the ratio of about two to three, 
about thirty errors or differences — one or more on each 
page but two. Copies with each signature seem to be equally 
common and each signature occurs in combination with each 
of the two title pages to Parts III and IV, so that there is 
no apparent clue to the order of their issue nor to the cause 
of the variation. The usual correspondence of pages with 
like-numbered pages of other settings, as previously noted, is 
here broken for the first time — the first time, excepting of 
course those pages where the printed matter was condensed 
for economical reasons. There are two different settings of 
eighteen consecutive lines on pages 119 and 120, and of 
several lines in the lower half of page 122; eleven lines of 
the latter are also differently spaced from the corresponding 
lines in the first edition. These two settings are best dis- 



MOTTE EDITIONS 



35 



tinguished by the absence, in one, of the signature mark 
"Part IV" at the bottom of page 113. 

In Part IV the following variants in single words were 
noted : 



p. vi. 12 


p. 26.1 


p. 27.20 


p. 31.1 


p. 54 


FOUND IN COPIES 


Debate 


an an 


Grey 


Voyages 


"5" broken 


tour 


Dabate 


an an 


Gray 


Voyages 


"5" whole 


one 


Dabate 


an 


Gray 


Voyages 


"5" broken 


four 


Debate 


an 


Gray 


Voyages 


"5" broken 


two 



Of the above, "an an," "Grey," and "Voyages" are all in 
the same signature (C) and on the same form, so that the 
changes were not all made at the same time, but "Gray" 
and "Voyages" first and "an" later. 



p. 65.1 


p. 72.14 


p. 77 


p. 77.1 


p. 106.13 


FOUND IN COPIES 


frequant 
frequant 
frequent 
frequent 


done 
done 
down 
down 


| page numbers 
{ from same font 
different font 
different font 


Years 
Years 
Years 

Years 


there 

there 
there 
there 


three 
four 
one 
three 



The first two cases and the fourth occur in signature F 
(pp. 1, 8, and 13 respectively). These pages are all in the 
outer form of the signature, and the combination of two 
corrected words with "frequant," and of two uncorrected 
words with "frequent" is an anomaly for which no explan- 
ation is here offered. The error of the page numbers need 
not be considered, for the setting of the page numbers is 
independent of that of the body of the text. The entire first 
paragraph of page 72 appears to have been reset when 
"down" was corrected to "done," for "Proceeding" in line 
13 is found decapitalized and "with" in line 9 changed to 
"with." 

Beyond page 128 all copies of Part IV of the second edi- 
tion appear to be alike, except on page 177.13, where "ar- 
rived" in two copies is "atrived," the form found in all 
copies of the first edition. A defective "n" in "continue" (p. 



36 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

177.12), common to all copies both of the first and second edi- 
tions, and seven other marred letters on pages 183 to 197, 
show that signature N is the same in both of those editions. 

The reset signature I, in Part IV, sixteen pages in a total 
of xiv+353 pages for the entire Vol. II, is certainly not 
sufficient to constitute two different "issues" of this edition, 
and we may now fairly conclude that the third or C. P. 
edition of 1726 was preceded by but one issue of each of the 
first and second editions. The order of issue of these two, 
indicated on the title page of Vol. II, of "The Second Edi- 
tion," clearly establishes priority for the edition found with 
the portrait in the first state. 

FOURTH (8VO.) EDITION, 1727 

Beside the matter contained in previous issues this edition, 
immediately after the general title page of Vol. I, has twelve 
unnumbered leaves of Odes and Verses which have been 
ascribed to Gay, Arbuthnot and Pope. In Vol. II, facing 
the title page there is a leaf of "Books Printed for Benj. 
Motte," etc. The Odes and Verses are: "To Quinbus 
Flestrin the Man-Mountain, An Ode. By Titty Tit, Esq. ; 
Poet Laureate to his Majesty of Lilliput. Translated into 
English" (4 pp.) ; "A Lamentation of Glumdalclitch for the 
Loss of Grildrig. A Pastoral" (5 pp.) ; "To Mr. Lemuel 
Gulliver, The Grateful Address of the Unhappy Houy- 
hnhnms, now in Slavery and Bondage in England" (3 pp.) ; 
"Mary Gulliver to Capt. Lemuel Gulliver; An Epistle" 
(8 pp.) ; and "The Words of the King of Brobdingnag" 
(4 pp.), the last not found in all copies. 

The title page of Vol. I contains a reference to these 
verses and after the designation "Vol. I" the words "The 
Second Edition" (PI. XIV). The portrait in the third state 
is found in some copies of this edition. 

Inasmuch as Vols. II of the first and second edition re- 
spectively agree to the point of identity in many pages, and 
contain so many errors, the labeling of the latter issue as 



MOTTE EDITIONS 37 

"The Second Edition" may have led the compositor of the 
title page of this 1727 edition to designate the second volume 
as "The Second Edition, Corrected" (PI. XV); its mate, 
Vol. I, by comparison with preceding issues might properly 
be and was called "The Second Edition." 

In this edition the text shows so many agreements with 
or reversions to that of the first edition as to lead to the 
conclusion that the latter was used as "copy" in the com- 
position of the fourth (8vo.) edition, and that these two 
editions, among all that Motte published, are alone entitled 
to be accepted as definitive. 

The pages gained in Part III of the second edition and 
Part II of the third edition are in the fourth (8vo.) edition 
lost. In Vol. I signature B begins on page 5 of the text, 
and the imprint at the bottom of the first page of each signa- 
ture is as of Vol. I, the signatures running uninterruptedly 
through the volume. This seems to show the influence of 
the then recent C. P. edition. In Vol. II, however, there is 
properly a reversion to the signature grouping of the S. P. 
editions, and the signature imprints (omitted in Sig. C) are 
indicated as of Part III and Part IV, respectively. 

Before leaving this subject several contrasts may be point- 
ed out in the typography of the first and fourth editions 
respectively. In each edition the two volumes are printed 
from type of different fonts, those of Vols. I and II in the 
one case being respectively the same as or similar to those 
used in Vols. II and I in the other. In the first edition the 
word "Country" is uniformly spelled as here printed, but in 
Vol. I of the fourth (8vo.) it is with three or four exceptions 
printed "Countrey," the initial letter capital or lower case. 

A tendency is also noticeable in the first edition to print 
cardinal numbers altogether in lower case with the qualified 
noun capitalized, as "two Months," "an hundred Oxen," 
"two hundred Yards." In the fourth (8vo.) edition, on the 
contrary, these phrases are frequently printed "Two months," 
"an Hundred Oxen," "Two hundred yards"; but "one of 



38 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

his Heels," "one of the Captains," etc., where "one" has 
the force of the article. 

Similarly in the first edition "right" and "left" in connec- 
tion with a part of the human body are printed in lower 
case, as the "left Arm, Hand, Side," as against "the Left 
arm, hand, side" in the fourth (8vo.) edition. See, also, the 
"middle Finger" and "the Middle finger" (Pt. I, pp. 9-23). 

As might be expected, there are many exceptions to these 
rules, or tendencies, and not a few cases where all rules 
seem to have been ignored. The cases cited are interesting 
principally because they seem to indicate that in those days 
there were no fixed general rules of typography. 

Some errors found in the fourth (8vo.) edition have al- 
ready been given (p. 23), but no variants were noticed. 
One copy in modern binding was seen that appears to be a 
"hybrid." The five title pages, all of the preliminary leaves 
at the beginning of each volume, Parts I and III of the text, 
all from the C. P. edition of 1726, have been united with 
the Contents and entire text of Parts II and IV of the (S. 
P.) edition of 1727, thus adding apparently another S. P. 
edition of 1726 to those above discussed. The portrait is in 
the second state. This is one of those casual combinations 
that should be considered unofficial unless good evidence be 
found to the contrary. In any event it would hardly con- 
stitute an independent issue. 

Another rebound copy shows the following combination: 
The five title pages, all the other preliminary leaves at the 
beginning of each volume (including the odes and verses), 
together with the first leaf of the text of Vol. I — all from 
the edition of 1727 (S. P.) — have been united with the 
entire text of both volumes after page 2, including the Con- 
tents of Parts II and IV, of the C. P. edition of 1726, thus 
making a C. P. edition of 1727. The portrait is in the sec- 
ond state. This copy is in the same category with the one 
last described. 

The following list of variations in the several editions is 



MOTTE EDITIONS 



39 



selected from a larger number to illustrate statements in the 
foregoing pages: 



PAGE & UNE 


1st edition 


2nd Edition 


3rd edition 


4th Edition 


Part I, 44.20 


scape 


escape 


escape 


scape 


114.10 


Clumglum 


Glumglum 


Glumglum 


Clumglum 


II, 4.24 


(as she) would 
(He) 


could 


could 


would 


III, 138.1 


(he had) convers- 
ed (very much) 


converse 


converse 


conversed 


144.13 


deprived (and 

hated) 
stared 


deprived 


deprived 


despised 


IV, 9.2 


started 


started 


stared 


29.3 


(signs and) words 


wonders 


Wonders 


words 


52.12 


represent 


repreat 


repeat 


represent 


64.26 


(is a) sufficient 
(cause) 


frequent 


frequent 


sufficient 


71.12 


(were) bred up 


bread up 


bread up 


bred up 


72.14 


(be better) down 13 


down 


done 


done 


74.14 


(Controversies of) 
Property 


Propriety 


Propriety 


Property 


.21 


strong (Biass) 


strange 


strange 


strong 


90.11 


(by that) Appel- 
lation 


Application 


Application 


Appellation 


92.4 


applies his (Words 


never tells 


never tells 


applies his 




to all Uses) 


&c. 


&c. 


&c 


124.8 


Point Problemat- 
ical 


Pointof&c. 


Point of &c 


Point Prob- 
lematical 


141.17 


wooden (vessels) 


wooded 


wooded 


wooden 



The transformations of "represent" have already been 
cited. The words quoted from page 92 are as follows in the 
first and second editions respectively : 

"That he never tells 
Words to all Uses, except to the Indi- 
cation of his Mind ; That he never tells 
a Truth," etc. 



"That he applies his 
Words to all Uses, except to the Indi- 
cation of his Mind ; That he never tells 
a Truth," etc. 



In the first line the compositor got ahead of his "copy," 
and after he had set "That he" in that line, his eye caught 
the next two words "never tells" in the third line. 

The word "frequent" might have been first written in the 
13 Murray's Dictionary gives "downe" as an old form of "done." 



40 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

manuscript, erased, had "sufficient" substituted for it, and 
the substitution might have been overlooked by the composi- 
tor. The original reading may have been restored simply 
from the uncorrected printed "copy," or it could have been re- 
stored by Swift, but in the latter case "frequent" on the next 
page would also naturally have been changed to match. There 
is better ground for supposing that Swift had a hand in the 
correction of the fourth edition. The laxity of both the com- 
positor and the proof reader has been seen to have been so 
great that the correction of "deprived" to "despised" oc- 
curred for the first time in the fourth (8vo.) edition. The 
correction "Lilliput" to "Blefuscu" where there is no error 
of sense to guide, may well seem rather to have been the act 
of a mind that was familiar with the entire work in all its 
details. Even Swift himself must have originally written 
"Lilliput" for "Blefuscu," and first noticed the error on 
re-reading the printed work. 

From the above facts it is quite possible that other copies 
of the Motte editions of Gulliver's Travels may be found 
which will show combinations of signatures that received 
corrections during the press work. It is impossible, without 
further evidence, to establish any one combination as the 
stem-issue, of which the others, fewer in number, would have 
to be considered merely as variants. 

There are also found bound together in contemporaneous 
bindings combinations of Parts that were published at dif- 
ferent periods, such as Vol. I, first edition (S. P.) 1726, with 
Vol. II, "Second Edition, Corrected" (S. P.) 1727; Vol. I, 
third edition (C. P.) 1726, with Part III, second edition, and 
Part IV, first edition, showing apparently that some odds and 
ends were utilized by the publisher to satisfy public demand. 

The following table gives a resume of the main features 
by which we may be enabled to recognize the different 
editions, as thus far known to the writer. The description 
of headpieces is not meant to be technical, nor in greater 
detail than to afford identification. 



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42 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

THE 24MO. MOTTE EDITION OF 1727 

This edition, mentioned in the opening paragraph above, 
is without the portrait, but in other respects follows the 
general arrangement and most of the details of the fourth 
(8vo.) edition. Some copies include the Odes and Verses, 
which, however, are not mentioned on the title page (PI. 
XVI). The paging is continuous in each of the two vol- 
umes ; the text numbers 264 and 269 pages respectively. In 
Vol. I the six preliminary leaves are the general title page 
(verso blank), the general Contents (verso blank), The 
Publisher to the Reader (2 11., of which three pages are num- 
bered iv-vi), the separate title page (verso blank) and the 
Contents (to Pt. I, 2 pp.). The other preliminary leaves 
are unnumbered. The Odes and Verses (xii unnumbered 
pages) include "The Words of the King of Brobdingnag," 
but are not found in all copies. Signature G begins on the 
last page of Part I — p. 121 — and includes the unnumbered 
preliminary pages of Part II (Pis. XVI and XVII). 

In Vol. II the six preliminary pages are unnumbered — 
title page (verso blank), and Contents (2 11) — and signa- 
ture B begins on page 1 of the text. In Vol. I the signature 
marks are to Parts I and II ; in Vol. II they are to Vol. II, 
an inconsistency already noted in the fourth (8vo.) edition. 

Beside the usual five maps and plate of symbols in the two 
volumes, each Part has one engraved plate in which are one 
or more scenes descriptive of the text. 

The text of the two volumes is printed from different 
fonts ; the printed page in Vol. I contains usually thirty-two 
lines, that in Vol. II, thirty-one. 

Parts I and II contain about thirty errors each, many of 
which are different from those in the preceding editions; 
Parts III and IV contain together about twenty-five. Only 
three variants were noted, one with a correction in the text 
and two, in the preliminary pages. 

In this edition, which was probably published at a "popu- 



MOTTE EDITIONS 43 

lar" price, we find the occurrence of some errors noted in 
the preceding editions of 1726, among the most characteris- 
tic of which are the following: "Lilliput" for "Blefuscu" 
(Pt. I, 119.20) ; "Spirits and Hobgoblins" for "Sprites and 
Hobgoblins" (Pt. Ill, 24.26) ; "Death" for "Dearth" (Ibid., 
34.28) ; "deprived" for "despised" (Ibid., 109.14, see also 
PI. XVII); "repeat" for "represent" (Pt. IV, 163.9), and 
"never tells Words" (Ibid., 192.5). 



FORD AND FAULKNER 



TEXT DIFFERENCES 



In the fourth (8vo.) edition several alterations of the orig- 
inal text are found, that indicate very positively the influence 
of Swift, or of some other person familiar with the work. 
Such, for example, are "Sprites" for "Spirits" (III, 31.15), 
"Dearth" for "Death" (III, 44.21), and "LMiput" for 
"Blefuscu" (I, 145.8). These substitutions are largely in 
single words, and although the sense is modified by some 
of them, they are rather corrections of typographical errors, 
like the first two above, than modifications of ideas that were 
stated with evident intent in the earlier text. 

It was not until 1735 that text changes of the latter kind 
were made public, by George Faulkner, a Dublin publisher, 
changes of such positive character and such scope as must 
have awakened interest anew in this world classic. Of the 
changes made by Faulkner, some are admitted to have 
emanated from Swift, while as to others, opinion is still 
divided. It is possible to follow back, probably to their 
common source, (1) the typographical corrections and (2) 
those more extensive modifications, the former of which first 
found expression in the final Motte edition and confirmation 
in Faulkner, and the modifications, in Faulkner, seven years 
later. Faulkner also introduced (3) the other changes above 
mentioned, the source of which is a matter of inference. 

These three several classes of text alteration have been 
tabulated in an equal number of lists, in two of which are 
placed side by side the words or phrases affected, with or 
without comment as may seem necessary or appropriate. The 
Ford, Motte, and Faulkner text differences of Class 1 are 
given in List I ; the more extensive modifications, in List II 



THE FORD CORRECTIONS 45 

— both in the Appendix. This arrangement is proper, for 
the evidence in the case can not be presented in chronological 
order; because, for the earlier text corrections, it did not 
develop until the later corrections were about to be made, 
and in connection with them. Besides, this matter conceiv- 
ably will have but little interest for any other readers than 
specialists. 

Mr. G. Ravenscroft Dennis in the introductory pages to 
the edition of Gulliver's Travels published at London by G. 
Bell and Sons, Ltd., in 1908 and again in 1914 (Bonn's 
Standard Library), has gone at some length into this subject, 
and has rendered valuable service to students of "Gulliver" 
by the evidence he has gathered from contemporary letters 
of Swift and others. From his work many of the following 
facts have been derived. 

THE FORD CORRECTIONS 

Charles Ford, a friend of Swift, sent to Motte from Dub- 
lin, where Swift then resided, a letter dated January 3, 
1726(7), with a postscript containing as many "errors of 
the press" as Ford "could find, with the corrections of them 
as the plain sense must lead," and with the wish that Motte 
would insert them when he made a new edition. The author- 
ship of Gulliver's Travels was not at that time generally 
known. In his list Ford indicated a large number of typo- 
graphical errors, and pointed out specific passages to which 
he took exception, and in the body of the letter he referred 
particularly to the paragraph relating to Queen Anne (Pt. 
IV, p. 90), which he said was "plainly false in fact," and 
he desired that it might be left out in the next edition. These 
"corrections" formed the basis of such changes as were 
made in the fourth (8vo.) edition, 1727, but not all of them 
were adopted, 14 and a few others were added. 

14 The "corrections," to which Ford and Swift variously allude, as 
of "errors of the press," and as "that paper," are the "errata" that 
form the postscript to Ford's letter. Beside the typographical errors, 



46 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

In Faulkner's Dublin edition, 1735, which was issued both 
in octavo 15 and in duodecimo, 16 and formed the third of four 
volumes of the "Author's Works," " there appears for the 
first time a letter, presumably from Swift, in the guise of 
"A Letter from Capt. Gulliver to his Cousin Sympson," who, 
it will be remembered, was the sponsor for, and signed the 
introduction to, the "Travels," under the head of "The Pub- 
lisher to the Reader." This letter is dated April 2, 1727. A 
part of it, in the original typography, is here quoted from 
Faulkner — the part that relates to the subject under dis- 
cussion. 

A Letter from Capt. Gulliver 

to his 

Cousin Sympson. 

"I hope you will be ready to own publickly, whenever you 
shall be called to it, that by your great and frequent Urgency 
you prevailed on me to publish a very loose and uncorrect 
Account of my Travels; with Direction to hire some young 
Gentlemen of either University to put them in Order, and 
correct the Style, as my Cousin Dampier did by my Advice, 
in his Book called, A Voyage round the World. But I do 
not remember I gave you Power to consent, that any thing 
should be omitted, and much less that any thing should be 
inserted : Therefore, as to the latter, I do here renounce every 
thing of that Kind; particularly a Paragraph about her 

the errata include some caustic comments on the — to Ford — 
evident corruption of Swift's text. These comments and a few of 
the suggested corrections have been deleted by various forms of 
pen strokes, but a careful examination of all the evidence makes it 
probable that the deletions were made, not by Ford but by Motte. 
In two instances the pen strokes run beneath the lines rather than 
through them, and may not have been intended for deletions. Some 
of the Ford comments will be given in their appropriate place. 

i 5 The portrait frontispiece from this edition is reproduced in 
Plate XIX. 

w Reprinted in 1752, and the 8vo. ed. in 1743 and 1772. 

17 See reproduction of the 8vo. title page, Plate XVIII. 



THE FORD CORRECTIONS 47 

Majesty the late Queen Anne, of most pious and glorious 
Memory; although I did reverence and esteem her more 
than any of human Species. But you, or your Interpolator, 
ought to have considered, that as it was not my Inclination, 
so was it not decent to praise any Animal of our Composition 
before my Master Houyhnhnm: And besides, the Fact was 
altogether false; for to my Knowledge, being in England 
during some Part of her Majesty's Reign, she did govern by 
a chief Minister; nay, even by two successively; the first 
whereof was the Lord of Godolphin, and the second the Lord 
of Oxford ; so that you have made me say the thing that was 
not. Likewise, in the Account of the Academy of Projec- 
tors, and several Passages of my Discourse to my Master 
Houyhnhnm, you have either omitted some material Cir- 
cumstances, or minced or changed them in such a Manner 
that I do hardly know mine own Work. When I formerly 
hinted to you something of this in a Letter, you were pleased 
to answer, that you were afraid of giving Offence; that 
People in Power were very watchful over the Press; and 
apt not only to interpret, but to punish everything which 
looked like an Inuendo (as I think you called it) . But pray, 
how could that which I spoke so many Years ago, and at 
% above five Thousand Leagues distance, in another Reign, be 
applyed to any of the Yahooos [sic], who now are said to 
govern the Herd ; especially, at a time when I little thought 
on or feared the Unhappiness of living under them. Have 
not I the most Reason to complain, when I see these very 
Yahoos carried by Houyhnhnms in a Vehicle, as if these were 
Brutes, and those the rational Creatures? And, indeed, to 
avoid so monstrous and detestable a Sight, was one principal 
Motive of my Retirement hither. 

"Thus much I thought proper to tell you in Relation to 
yourself, and to the Trust I reposed in you 

"I find likewise, that your Printer hath been so careless 
as to confound the Times, and mistake the Dates of my sev- 
eral Voyages and Returns; neither assigning the true Year, 



48 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

or the true Month, or Day of the Month: And I hear the 
original Manuscript is all destroyed, since the Publication of 
my Book. Neither have I any Copy left ; however, I have 
sent you some Corrections, which you may insert, if ever 
there should be a second Edition: And yet I cannot stand 
to them, but shall leave that Matter to my judicious and can- 
did Readers, to adjust it as they please. . . 

"Indeed I must confess, that as to the People of Lilliput, 
Brobdingrag (for so the Word should have been spelt, and 
not erroneously Brobdingnag)" . . . 

"April 2, 1727." 

The corrections mentioned by "Captain Gulliver" were, so 
far as we know, the errata in Ford's letter to Motte {Cf. p. 
45). Mr. George Birkbeck Hill thinks that although in 
Ford's handwriting, the letter was really composed by 
Swift. 18 Both the letter and the list of errata are reprinted 
in the February number of the Gentleman's Magazine for 
1855. The editor there evidently interprets certain deleted 
passages in the list by italicising them, and in footnotes re- 
fers to some of them as "scored under," but cites one passage 
as having had a pen drawn through it, and adds, "but the 
author's request was afterwards fulfilled," — we may add, 
by Faulkner in 1735, but never by Motte. 19 . 

By some editors of Gulliver's Travels the Faulkner text 
has been disparaged, apparently without due) reason. 
Hawkesworth was one of the first of these to attack it 20 and 
Dennis, one of the latest critics, says "there are, besides 
obvious blunders, so many minor variations in Faulkner's 
edition, which cannot have been made with Swift's sanction, 
that no reliance can be placed on his text." 21 Let us try to 

118 Unpublished Letters of Dean Swift, London, 1896, p. 206. This 
letter is MSS. No. 561 in the Forster Library in the Victoria and 
Albert Museum, London. The letter is reprinted by Dennis on page 
xxvii — but not the list. 

19 Cf. note to List II, Appendix, p. 117. 

20 Cf. infra, p. 55. 

21 hoc. cit., p. xxix. 



THE FORD CORRECTIONS 49 

ascertain the truth concerning Swift's relations with Faulk- 
ner, and examine the latter's text carefully. It may give us 
some needed light. 

There is abundant evidence to show that Swift was at 
first opposed to Faulkner's avowed intention to print an 
edition of some of Swift's writings. He so expressed him- 
self repeatedly, not only to Motte but to others. This is 
emphasized by Faulkner's critics. In fact it seems to con- 
stitute their entire case. At the same time Swift claimed 
that it was not in his "power to hinder" Faulkner, and goes 
on to assert his own intention not to "intermeddle." 22 In a 
letter to the Earl of Oxford, February 16, 1733, Swift calls 
Faulkner the "prince of Dublin printers." 23 

The writer in the Gentleman's Magazine, last quoted, says : 
"Motte had filed a bill in the English Court of Chancery, to 
stop the sale of Faulkner's edition in England. Swift now 
took Faulkner's part, and that in the most decided and em- 
phatic terms . . . [May 25, 1736.] He afterwards 
states: 'Mr. Faulkner hath dealt so fairly with me that I 
have a great opinion of his honesty, though I never dealt 
with him as a printer or bookseller ; but since my friends told 
me those things called mine would certainly be printed by 
some hedge bookseller, I was forced to be passive in the 
matter.' He declares it to be his intention to do the best 
offices he could to countenance Mr. Faulkner." 2i 

There is no inconsistency in Swift's final attitude towards 
Faulkner and his protests of loyalty to Motte, and nothing 
in these to negative the possibility — indeed probability — 

22 Cf. Swift's letters to Motte, July IS and November 24, 1732, 
quoted in the Gentleman's Magazine, vol. 198, pp. 258-9, in the latter 
of which Swift says, "I have sent a kind of certificate owning my 
consent to the publishing this last Miscellany, against my will." 
See, further, letter to Pope, May 1, 1733, in The Works of Jonathan 
Swift, Bohn, London, 1843, II, 704; and again, Swift to Motte, No- 
vember 1, 1735, Gentleman's Magazine, ibid., p. 260. 

23 Works, etc., 1843, II, 697. 

2 *Loc. cit., p. 261. Cf. also Works, etc., 1843, II, 770. 



50 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

of his aiding in the preparation of the Faulkner edition. On 
this point we have sundry bits of evidence, some of which 
is important. 

On June 29, 1733, Swift wrote to Faulkner 25 and re- 
ferred him to "the paper" and "those papers," relating to 
Gulliver, which he said he had left with Mr. Pilkington, and 
which Mrs. Pilkington should deliver to him [Faulkner], 
and added that he thought Mr. Pilkington had "an edition 
of Gulliver where the true original Copy is interleaved in 
manuscript." 

On the same day Swift wrote to Ford : "I think you had 
a Gulliver interleaved and set right in those mangled and 
murdered pages. I enquired of several persons where that 
copy was. Some said Mr. Pilkington had it, but his wife 
sent me word that she could not find it." He added: "It 
will be extremely difficult for me to correct it by any other 
means, with so ill a memory and so bad a state of health." 
Six weeks later he wrote : "All I can do is to strike out the 
trash in the edition to be printed here." 27 

On November 6, 1733, Ford in his reply to Swift says 
that he lent "that paper" to Mr. Corbet, "to correct his 
Gulliver by; and it was from it that I mended my own. 
There is every single alteration from the original copy; and 
the printed book abounds with all those errors, which should 
be avoided in the new edition. In my book the [inserted] 
blank leaves were wrong placed, so that there are perpetual 
references backward and forward, 28 and it is more difficult to 
be understood than the paper ; but I will try to get one of the 
second edition [fourth (8vo.) edition, 1727], which is more 
correct than the first, and transcribe all the alterations more 
clearly." We have no evidence that Ford carried out his 
promise, but the world is fortunate to have, preserved, the 

25 Works, etc., 1843, II, 706. 

27 Unpublished Letters of Dean Swift, George Birkbeck Hill, Lon- 
don, 1899, p. 207. 

28 Cf. Appendix, p. 95; also, Works, etc., 1843, II, 714. 



THE FORD CORRECTIONS 51 

copy to which he first refers. Dennis says that Ford's de- 
scription agrees with that of a large paper copy of the first 
edition of Gulliver, which is also in the Forster Library 29 

From the foregoing it is apparent that Swift, in his atti- 
tude towards Faulkner and the new edition of Gulliver 
passed through the several stages of opposition, indifference' 
and acquiescence, into that of cooperation. How active the 
latter became, we shall see presently. 

It was now nearly seven years since the appearance of the 
partially corrected Motte edition of 1727, and there had been 
from the beginning only two editions in Dublin, and one 
other in England — so far as known — by other publishers, 
and these must have been equally unsatisfactory to Swift 
The smaller Motte edition had indeed been reissued in 1731, 
but it was without even the Ford corrections (see Pl.XVII).' 
During the interval the shock caused in some quarters by the 
original publication had subsided, and the book had been 
accepted and enjoyed as a public satire, and Swift doubtlessly 
saw in Faulkner's undertaking a welcome opportunity to 
restore to his text without risk the passages omitted by Motte, 
perhaps the last opportunity he might expect to have in the 
then declining state of his health. This was a consideration 
of no mean weight, to secure his cooperation. 



29 Cf. Appendix, p. 95. 



THE FAULKNER TEXT 

SOURCE OF CHANGES FOUND IN IT 

There were two sources, from which corrections could be 
had for the work in hand, for Swift had announced his belief 
that the original manuscript had been destroyed, and his 
inability to supply corrections anew. These sources were the 
"paper" that had passed into Motte's possession and whose 
contents had been embodied in his fourth (8vo.) edition ; and 
the "book," which contained in addition to the corrections 
of the "paper" those more important passages which Swift 
wished to restore to his text. The "paper" was of course 
inaccessible to Faulkner, and probably would not be needed 
if he could get the "book," which he finally did. He thus 
announces the fact in the "Advertisement," which follows 
the title page to "Gulliver's Travels" : 

"We are assured that the Copy sent to the Bookseller in 
London, was a Transcript of the Original, which Original 
being in the Possession of a very worthy Gentleman in Lon- 
don, and a most intimate Friend of the Author's; after he 
had bought the Book in Sheets, and compared it with the 
Originals, bound it up with blank Leaves, and made those 
Corrections, which the Reader will find in our Edition. For, 
the same Gentleman did us the Favour to let us transcribe 
his Corrections." 30 

At this point let us consider briefly the first two sources, 
namely the so-called Ford corrections, 31 before proceeding 

30 About half of the "new" emendations in the Forster copy of 
the "book," including the long passages not in the "paper," are 
found in the Faulkner text. 

31 Through the mediation of Mr- Dennis and the courtesy of 
Mr. Cecil N. Smith, Director of the Victoria and Albert Museum, 



THE FAULKNER TEXT 53 

to an examination of the final changes introduced into the 
text by Faulkner. 

1. The list of "errata," or what was also called the 
"paper," contains about a hundred items, which consist 
largely of words and short phrases with substitutes therefor. 
Among these there are only a few cases of obviously typo- 
graphical errors — which the printer might be expected to 
correct unaided — and only one date. There are several 
rather caustic comments on passages of the Motte text, which 
express the writer's suspicion or conviction that these were 
not written by the author, and there is one appeal to Motte 
to restore "those twelve Pages to the true Reading." No 
substitutes are offered for these objectionable passages, for 
Motte should then have in his possession the original manu- 
script, but the remarks have been, with two exceptions, delet- 
ed with a pen stroke or scroll, which may have been done 
by Motte, for his compositor's benefit, to avoid confusion in 
the preparation of the new edition. Ford himself would 
not have crossed them out. 

2. The corrections in the "book" consist of insertions, 
deletions or emendations, of dates, words and short phrases, 
made in the printed text — with three exceptions, the same 
as those in the "paper" — and of original passages, some of 
them several pages long, that had been suppressed or, to 
quote Swift, had been "mangled" by the printer. These are 
written on leaves bound up with the original sheets. All of 
the corrections but one are in ink. The passages deleted are 
crossed out by diagonal lines, also in ink. Some of the minor 
corrections consist in the changing of a single letter by writ- 
ing over it, and these may easily have escaped the attention 
of the compositor, if used to prepare a subsequent edition. 
The corrections found on the inserted leaves were not made 
in the fourth (8vo.) edition. They were not in the "paper," 

Mr. Herbert C. Andrews, M.A., made for the writer a copy of the 
Ford letter of January 3, 1727, with its "errata," together with a 
transcript of the corrections in Ford's copy of the "book." 



54 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

and since Ford has told us that his book was the later of the 
two, we may thus doubly infer that it did not reach Motte's 
hands, or at least was not utilized by him. There were two 
passages in the paper that were not "scandalous," and Motte 
might have printed them without fear of "venturing his 
ears." 32 

The full significance of Ford's corrections will be realized 
by an examination and comparison of the texts of the first 
and last Motte editions in connection therewith, for which 
the reader is referred to the Appendix, Lists I and II. 

Hawkesworth's Criticisms of the Faulkner Text 

The following much quoted passage from Hawkesworth, 
one of Swift's commentators (1755 and later) usually fol- 
lows the letter of April 2, 1727, of Captain Gulliver to his 
Cousin Sympson: 

"That the original copy of these Travels was altered by 
the person through whose hands it was conveyed to the press, 
is a fact ; but the passages of which Mr. Gulliver complains 
in this letter are to be found only in the first editions; for 
the Dean having restored the text wherever it had been 
altered, sent the copy to the late Mr. Motte by the hands of 
Mr. Charles Ford. 33 This copy has been exactly followed 
in every subsequent edition, except that printed in Ireland by 
Mr. Faulkner ; the editor of which, supposing the Dean to be 
serious when he mentioned the corruptions of dates, and yet 
finding them unaltered, thought fit to alter them himself ; 
there is however scarce one of these alterations in which 
he has not committed a blunder; though while he was thus 
busy in defacing the parts that were perfect, he suffered the 
accidental blemishes of others to remain." 

This statement is not true. The "copy" that Motte re- 

32 Cf. Swift's letter to Pope, September 29, 1725. 

33 The full restoration of the text was not in the copy that 
Motte evidently used in his preparation of the 4th (8vo) edition, as 
stated above. Cf. Appendix, List I. 



THE FAULKNER TEXT 55 

ceived from Ford was the list of errata with the letter of 
January 3, 1727, and that list did not restore the entire 
original text. Furthermore, Charles Bathurst, Motte's part- 
ner and successor, adopted in 1742 or earlier, during Swift's 
lifetime, most of the changes made independently and orig- 
inally by Faulkner. If there be any stronger argument for 
Swift's approval of these changes, it may possibly be found 
in the text itself. 

On this point the following statement by the Earl of 
Orrery is significant : "Faulkner's edition, at least the four 
first volumes of it . . . were published by the permission 
and connivance, if not by the particular appointment of the 
Dean himself. . ." 

"The English edition of Swift's works I have scarce seen : 
and I have had little inclination to examine it, because I was 
acquainted with the Dean, at the time when Faulkner's edi- 
tion came out, and therefore must always look upon that copy 
as most authentic; well knowing that Mr. Faulkner had the 
advantage of printing his edition, by the consent and appro- 
bation of the author himself. The four first volumes were 
published by subscription, and every sheet of them 34 was 
brought to the Dean for his revisal and correction. The two 
next were published in the same manner." 35 Hawkesworth 
joins issue with Orrery and files a bill of particulars in the 
form of eleven citations from Faulkner's text. 36 It is not 
necessary to discuss these criticisms at length, but two or 
three of them are of value for the evidence they really furn- 
ish against Hawkesworth's contention. First, he quotes, with- 
out comment a change made by Faulkner : "Whoever makes 
ill returns to his benefactor, must needs be a common enemy 

34 Hawkesworth makes him say "six" (Works of Dr. Jonathan 
Swift, London, 1768, vol. 1, pref., p. 7), but Orrery does not say that 
the "two next" volumes were brought to the Dean. 

35 Remarks on the Life and Writings of Dr. Jonathan Swift &c, 
London, 1752, p. 81; Dublin, 1752, p. 81. 

36 hoc. cit., pref., pp. 8 et seq. 



56 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

to the rest of mankind, from whom THEY HAVE no 
obligations." (Pt. I, Chap. VI). 

Although this expression, according to modern canons, is 
faulty, the speaker, when he says "whoever makes," evident- 
ly has in mind the idea of plurality, and proceeds to express 
it in "they have." Curiously enough, there is a passage in 
Part IV, 140.7 of the Motte editions, unchanged by Ford, 
which reads: "They have a kind of Tree, which at Forty 
Years old loosens in the Root, and falls with the first Storm ; 
they grow very strait, and being pointed like Stakes with a 
sharp Stone, . . . they stick them erect in the Ground." 
[The italics are ours.] In this case, with seeming inconsis- 
tency, Faulkner changes "they grow" to "it grows," but this 
may well be, in order to lessen the amount of tautology ( for 
"they" occurs three times in seven lines) ; it was certainly not 
because of the grammar, for in the closing words of the sen- 
tence he allows "them" to stand, in which he is followed by 
Hawkesworth. But in the case above cited by Hawkesworth, 
a construction usual with Swift is restored, as we may see by 
reference to passages in Pt. I, 33.22; Pt. Ill, 19.7 and 25.10, 
in List III, and Pt. IV, 77.4, in List IV. 

That this method of expression was not confined to Swift, 
appears in Robinson Crusoe's regret, on the day he was 
washed ashore, that he had no weapon to provide sustenance 
for himself, nor to "defend my self against any other Crea- 
ture that might desire to kill me for theirs." 

Further along in the same chapter, where the "nurseries" 
are discussed, Faulkner changes the age number in three 
instances, in two of which Hawkesworth follows him in 
silence (!), and in the third criticizes as follows: "The 
children of the Lilliputians are said to be apprenticed at 
seven years of age instead of eleven, which is evidently 
wrong, as the author supposes the age of fifteen with them, 
to answer that of one and twenty with us, a proportion which 
will be nearly kept by supposing them to be apprenticed at 
eleven, and to serve five years." {hoc. cit., p. 8). 

The other passages involved in this comparison are given 



THE FAULKNER TEXT 57 

by Motte as follows: "When the Girls [of "quality"] are 
Twelve years old, which among them is the marriageable 
Age, their Parents or Guardians take them home." (Pt. I, 
105). 

"Those [girls, of the "meaner" sort] intended for Appren- 
tices are dismissed at Nine [Faulkner, "seven"] years old, 
the rest are kept to Thirteen [F., "eleven"]. (Ibid., p. 106). 

In brief, according to both Motte and Faulkner, the boys 
and girls of "Quality" go home on the attainment of their 
majority, which is at fifteen and twelve years respectively. 
According to Motte, the boys apprenticed leave at eleven ; and 
the girls apprenticed, at nine, the other girls of the "meaner" 
sort being kept until thirteen, one year beyond the attainment 
of their majority. 

The usual period of apprenticeship in England was prob- 
ably seven years. Seven years "with us" are equivalent to 
five years in Lilliput, so far at least as males are concerned, 
which is evident from a comparison of the ages of majority 
(21 :15c=7:5). It is also contrary to a sound principle of 
law to apprentice a person for a term of years extending 
beyond the age of majority. Ha wkes worth and the Motte 
text violate this principle when they adopt eleven years as the 
beginning of apprenticeship for boys, and the Motte text 
when it adopts nine years for girls ; and prolong this service 
in the one case to sixteen years for boys, and in the other, 
to fourteen years for girls. 

The above changes in the Faulkner text are not accidental. 
The boy-apprentices serve from seven to twelve, the girls 
from seven to twelve, and the other, "meaner," girls are dis- 
missed at eleven ; none of them beyond the age at which they 
attain their majority. 

If Hawkesworth, the editor and critic, failed to see this, 
must we believe that Faulkner, the printer, would concern 
himself with working out the corrections ? Was there not a 
master mind behind Faulkner? 

Again, Hawkesworth objects to the substitution, by Faulk- 
ner, of "bring" for "carry," in the passage, a "Gentleman 



58 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

Usher came from Court, commanding my Master to carry 
me immediately thither," and says "but as thither signifies 
to that place, to bring thither is false English." (Pt. II, 
Chap. 3). 

Hawkesworth lacks imagination. The command issues 
from the court, but the direction is indicated by the mes- 
senger. Besides, to be "brought" or "conducted" would 
more appeal to Gulliver's amour propre than to be "carried." 

In the majority of his citations Hawkesworth's criticism is 
openly levelled at Swift, for in those cases Faulkner retained 
the Motte text after it had been scrutinized by Ford. A close 
analysis of the others compels us to dismiss the bill at the 
cost of Hawkesworth's critical ability or the honesty of his 
motives. Charles Bathurst, whose name alone appears in 
the imprint of the early Hawkesworth editions of Gulli- 
ver's Travels, was the successor of Motte. Hawkesworth 
was employed by Bathurst, and part of his duty may have 
been to throw discredit on the work of Faulkner. That 
parts of Faulkner's text were not without merit in Hawkes- 
worth's eyes is very evident from the number of changes 
found in the latter's text that were taken from the former, 
such for example as the insertion of the expression "and so 
universally practised" (Pt. IV, Chap. IV ; F., p. 308.10); 
the use of "express" for "represent" (Ibid., p. 310.12) ; 
"compact" for "compleat" (Ibid., p. 317.24) ; and the first 
long passage, substituted in Part III, Chap. VI, p. 242, 
slightly altered by Faulkner from Ford's copy, where 
Hawkesworth follows the Faulkner text to the letter ! Even 
Dennis, out of seventy-six changes original with Faulkner, 
adopts thirty-four. We have seen that Bathurst, as early 
as 1742, had adopted the Faulkner changes almost entirely, 
and if Hawkesworth thought to excuse himself on this 
ground, he would find himself in the dilemma of being 
regarded as the receiver of stolen goods, or of admitting, to 
that extent, the authenticity of the Faulkner text. 

In support of the view held by Orrery we find the follow- 
ing statement by "J. N"[ichols?, a Swift editor, 1801 and 



THE FAULKNER TEXT 59 

later] : "I have some volumes of the Dean's . . . who 
was invariably the friend of Mr. George Faulkner; whom 
he employed so early as 1725 (after the death of John Hard- 
ing) to print the 'Drapier's Letters' ; and whom he "at least 
tacitly permitted to publish whatever he wrote. Faulkner 
assures us, the Dean 'corrected every sheet of the first seven 
volumes that were published in his life-time.' And in 1735 
Swift recommended him to Lord Houth as an 'honest man, 
and the chief printer' ; and used constantly to style him 'his 
right trusty and faithful friend'." 37 

In view of Swift's oft-expressed confidence in Faulkner, 
the latter's statements should be entitled to some weight. 38 
The caution shown by Faulkner in his early editions of 
Swift's Works, and his evident desire to please his author, 
may be appreciated after perusal of a letter from Swift to 
Faulkner : S8a "If this fancy should hold, of taxing me with 
all the papers that come out, and at the same time I should 
take a fancy to be a writer, I shall be discovered when I have 
no mind, for it will be only to catechise me whenever I am 
suspected." 

In his connection with Swift, Faulkner was even more 
non-committal. He did not publicly admit — at least in his 
earlier editions of Swift's Works — that he even knew the 
author personally. In his preface to the editions of 1735, and 
1741-46, issued largely during Swift's lifetime, he speaks of 
the "supposed Author's Friends, who were pleased to correct 
many gross Errors, and strike out some very injudicious In- 
terpolations ; particularly in the Voyages of Captain Gulli- 
ver," and adds, "that the supposed Author was prevailed on 

37 Gentleman's Magazine, vol. 47, 1777, p. 420. 

38 After the entire page-proof for this work was in the writer's 
hands for correction, he came into possession of the Faulkner edition 
of Swiff s Works, Dublin, 1772, and is enabled to add here, perhaps 
not strictly in their proper place, some important data on the matter 
under discussion. 

as* Mch. 28, 1732. Works, etc., 1843, II, p. 679. 



60 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

to suffer some Friends to review and correct the Sheets after 
they were printed ; and sometimes he consented, as we have 
heard, to give them his own opinion." 

In the edition of 1735 Swift was designated simply as "J. 
S., D.D., D.S.P.D." In a letter to Pulteney, March 8, 1734, 
with his usual caution, and a possible lack of sincerity, he 
refers to that edition in the following terms : "You will hear, 
perhaps, that Faulkner hath printed four volumes, which are 
called my works ; he hath only prefixed the first letters of my 
name * * * I have never yet looked into them, nor I believe 
ever shall." 38b According to all the evidence accessible, the 
date of this letter, if given correctly, is too early to have been 
written after the issue of the entire edition of 1735. Possibly 
Swift was here drawing on his personal knowledge, and 
anticipated the publication of some, if not of all, of the four 
volumes. (Parts of Volume IV are dated as of 1733 and 
1734.) However that may be, he modified his statement ten 
months later, in a letter to the same person, — May 12, 1735 
— in which he says : "You are pleased to mention some vol- 
umes of what are called my works. I have looked on them 
very little." 38c 

The reason for Swift's aversion to publicity at that late 
day is not important here. It may have been habit. We 
wish merely to show that Faulkner respected it, by assuming, 
for the time, an even greater reserve. Perhaps Swift had a 
hand in Faulkner's preface. After Swift's death in 1745, 
however, this reserve was no longer necessary. The title- 
page of the edition of 1741-46 (Vol. I was the latest pub- 
lished) bears the full name "Jonathan Swift," etc.; and that 
of the edition of 1772, "The Rev. Dr. Jonathan Swift, Dean" 
etc. 

Let us examine the new preface, in the final edition. It is 

3«b Works, etc., 1843, II, p. 734. 
380 Ibid., p. 740. 



THE FAULKNER TEXT 61 

evidently the work of Faulkner, 38d who speaks of the "Editor 
of this, and the other Editions printed by him" etc., and 
among other things says that Swift consented to the printing 
of the first edition (1735) on the following conditions: 'That 
no Jobb should be made, but full Value given for the Money ; 
That the Editor should attend him early every Morning, or 
when most convenient, to read to him, that the Sounds might 
strike the Ear, as well as the Sense the Understanding, and 
had always two Men Servants present for this Purpose ; and 
when he had any Doubt, he would ask them the Meaning of 
what they heard ; which, if they did not comprehend, he 
would alter and amend until they understood it perfectly 
well, and then would say, This will do; for I write to the 
Vulgar, more than to the Learned. Not satisfied with this 
Preparation for the Press, he corrected every Sheet of the 
first seven Volumes that were published in his Life Time, 
desiring the Editor to write Notes, being much younger than 
the Dean, acquainted with most of the Transactions of his 
Life," etc. This substantiates the statement of Lord Orrery 
in 1751, and that of "J- N.", quoted above. 

That Swift did correct proof for Faulkner, probably of 
other writings, is admitted in a letter from the former to the 
latter, of March 8, 1738 : 38e "You so often desired that I 
should hasten to correct the several copies you sent me, 
which, as ill as I have been, and am still, I despatched as fast 
as I got them." 

Beside the statements in Faulkner's preface ("To the Rea- 
der") we are told in a foot-note to the same, first printed in 
that edition (1772), that some insertions and omissions made 
in the London edition by the Rev. Mr. Tooke, "were set right 
by the Author in all the Editions printed by George Faulk- 
ner in Dublin." This probably refers to passages in our List 

a8d Faulkner died in 1775. 

as* Works, etc., 1843, II, p. 803. 



62 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

II (p. 108). And again, Faulkner alludes to his editions as 
printed "under the Author's Care and Inspection." 3St 

After Hawkesworth's attack 385 Faulkner violated none of 
the proprieties, and was fully justified, in stating with some 
circumstantiality the alleged part taken by Swift in the pre- 
paration of the Faulkner edition. Even should we feel in- 
clined to regard Faulkner's statement as exaggerated, there 
is nothing in it that can not be reconciled with that in his 
earlier preface, and not enough of the improbable to weaken 
our faith in Faulkner's sincerity. Even without this extrinsic 
evidence, whatever be its value, we contend that the intrinsic 
evidence by itself goes far to support the idea of Swift's 
responsibility for the changes in the Faulkner text — for all 
of them, barring typographical errors. This argument takes 
on additional weight, when we examine the text of 1772 and 
find that in seven out of eleven cases Faulkner, in deference 
to the published criticisms of Hawkesworth, has restored in 
it the Motte readings. This is enough to prove the writ- 
er's contention, made on other pages herein, that Faulkner 
himself did not originate even the minor changes made for 
the first time in the edition of 1735, neither had he the wit to 
appreciate the fallacies in Hawkesworth's arguments. 3811 The 
Faulkner edition of Gulliver's Travels, of 1772, can not there- 
fore be regarded as the finished work of Swift. That distinc- 
tion belongs alone to Faulkner's earlier editions. 



&8i Loc. tit, Vol. VII, p. 98, note. 

s^e Supra, p. 55. 

3l8h In Seasonable Advice to the Grand Jury, etc. (Works, etc., 
1843, II, p. 25), Swift says: — "A lawyer may pick out expressions, 
and make them liable to exception, where no other man is able to 
find any. But how can it be supposed, that an ignorant printer can 
be such a critic?" 



LIST III 

SOME WORDS AND PHRASES IN THE FAULKNER TEXT 
THAT DO NOT APPEAR IN THE MOTTE TEXTS 

The following list shows most of the passages in the 
Faulkner text in which the reading differs from that of the 
corrected Motte text, involving changes that would come 
under class 3. 39 Some unimportant differences are not in- 
cluded, such as the frequent substitution of the scriptural 
third person singular of the verb for the commoner form. 

PART I 

Motts, 1726 40 Morrc, 1727 Faui.kn^r, 1735 

p age Page 

CHAP. I 

13.19 did not hold half a Pint 8.33 hardly held half 

CHAP. II 

33.20 was looked upon to be 21.16 was as much 
as much 

41.8 was fastened to that 25.32 was at the end of 
Chain that . . . 

The correction is well made, for the officers could not see Gul- 
livers watch while it was in his pocket, nor know whether anything 
was fastened to the chain. 

43.12 directed me, although 27.9 F. omits all after 

in very gentle terms "me." 

The omission of the qualifying phrase restores the full authority 
ot com mand accorded the emperor in the rest of this interview. 

39 Cf. supra, p. 44. 

u i° ^T? re „ the t , wo Motte texts a S ree > one quotation serves for 
both. Ha. stands for Hawkesworth; "F." for Faulkner. 



64 



GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 



CHAP. Ill 

56.18 Inch and half 



35.30 Inch and a half 



The article is generally used by Swift in this connection {Cf. Pt. 
I, 20.20; 52.22, and 93.1). 

60.10 arrived to 38.5 arrived at 

"arrived to" was common in Swift's day, and was not noticed 
by Ford in this passage and in Pt. II, 49.6; but in Pt. Ill, 154.21 
Ford, both in his list and in his book, changes "arrived safe to" 
into "safe at." The printer of the 4th (8vo) ed. uses "safe at." 

64.2-12 1724 1728 40.14-22 1724 

This error was overlooked by Ford and by Faulkner. The latter 
evidently had not seen the 4th (8vo) ed. 



CHAP. VI 
100.18 he hath 
104.8 Eleven 
.10 Nurseries 



63.10 they have 4t 
65.14 Seven 
.15 Exercises 



This substitution by F avoids what Swift might have considered 
tautology, for "Nurseries" occurs in the fifth line above. Dennis 
seems to appreciate Swift's precept to "vary the orthography as well 
as the sound," when in Pt. II, Chap. VI (1st ed., p. Ill), he adopts 
the Faulkner rather than the Ford reading ("what" for "several"), 
saying that "When making this alteration Swift [Ford] did not 
notice that the word 'several' had already been used in the same 
sentence." The substitution of "Exercises" in the above passage 
may be an argument for Swift's participation in the Faulkner text- 
changes. Cf. Pt. Ill, 101.20, where Ford in his "list" says of 
"Assembly;" "this must have been altered, for the word Assembly 
follows immediately after;" also, Pt. IV, 113.22, where he substi- 
tutes "did" for "could," 'because "could" follows.' 
106.8(7) Nine Years 66.18 seven . . . 

.8 Thirteen .19 eleven 

For a discussion of these changes, see supra, p. 56. 
107.12 Kingdom 67.7 Empire 

The monarchs of Lilliput and Blefuscu were emperors. "King" 
or "Kingdom" is used on pages 12, 22, 33, 34, 36, 37 and 85. In 
each of these cases Faulkner follows the Motte text. 

41 Cf. supra, p. 55. 



THE FAULKNER TEXT 65 

114.12 although 71.12 yet 

"Though" is used four lines above, in the F. text. See remarks 
on tautology, under 104.10. 

.20 although he . . . was .18 . . . were 

were 

The influence of the 1st ed. is seen here again. In that edition 
the tendency is to use the subjunctive after "whether" and "al- 
though," whereas "was" is more frequent in the 4th (8vo.) ed. 

CHAP. VII 

122.3 Shirts 76.18 Shirts and Sheets 

128.13 made 80.14 always made 

"It was a Custom . . . that . . . the Emperor made a Speech." 
The insertion of "always" introduces an unnecessary if not illogi- 
cal qualification, and yet Ha. follows F. ! 

131.17 brought under my Arm 82.5 carryed . . . 

Ha. follows the Faulkner text. 

PART II 

CHAP. I 

1.11 ten Months Two . . . 93.10 ten . . . 

Another case where Faulkner follows the 1st ed. 
8.4 uppermost (Step) 97.19 utmost . . . 

18.2 three Gallons (small 103.8 two . . . 
Dram-cup) 

Three gallons = 96 gills = c. 831 cu. in. If we divide by 1728 
according to the rule of Pt. I, Chap. Ill, the capactiy of our mod- 
ern dram-cup would be about £ cu. in. or 1/18 gill. Either measure 
appears to be faulty, and the reason for the reduction is not ap- 
parent. 

CHAP. Ill 

44.3 carry me 118.20 bring me 42 

60.23 he seldom failed of a 128.19 . . . smart Word 

small Word 
65.22 Creatures 131.13 Insects 



42 Cf. supra, p. 57. Changed to "carry" in the F. ed. of 1772. 



66 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

CHAP. IV 

70.11 Houses, and about Six 134.14 Houses (rest omit- 

hundred thousand In- ted) 

habitants 

75. 11 and reckoning 137.8 reckoning 

chap, v 

83.22 turn 142.21 hop 

"Turn" occurs three lines above. Ha. follows Faulkner. 

88.16 Half an English mile 145.11 an English Mile 

90.14 well entertained 146.14 agreeably . . . 

94.2 caught hold of 148.15 seized 
.4 Cloth .16 Silk 

Why should the printer, unprompted, make this change, which 
depends upon a statement in the middle of Chap. Ill, twenty-three 
pages back? Ha. here follows Faulkner. So does Dennis. 

96.4 three hundred Yards 149.23 five . . . 
from the Ground 

On p. 76 in Chap. IV, the King's kitchen is described as a noble 
building about six hundred feet high. Faulkner makes the side of 
the house, to the roof of which the monkey carried Gulliver, fifteen 
hundred feet high, and apparently ignores the added difficulty we 
should have to raise a ladder a hundred and twenty-five feet. 

CHAP. VI 

103.10 that 154.23 who 

107.1 Qualities of the Mind 156.26 ... of Mind, that 

he was Master of he . . . 

111.15 all several 159.9 what 

"Memorandums of all Questions he intended to ask me." Ha. 
follows Faulkner. Motte avoids tautology, for "what" occurs in 
the next line above. 

112.22 were always promoted .32 were constantly . . . 

"Always" is used in the fifth line above. 

116.12 he asked me . . . where 161.33 . . . where we 

we should find Money found . . . 

to pay 



THE FAULKNER TEXT 



67 



120.9 Virtue 



164.4 Perfection 



"Virtue" occurs three lines below. 
CHAP. VII 

126.7 cannon an hundred 167.24 two hundred . . . 

foot long 

At 12:1 these would correspond to English cannon of that period, 
8b and 17 ft. long, respectively. Ha. gives them as about twelve 
feet (Ibid., p. 10). 

130.24 biggest 170.13 largest (to contrast 

with "large" in the 
preceding line) 
135.21 Cavalier mounted on a 173.5 ... Ninety Foot . . . 
large Steed ... an • 
hundred foot high 
For the English prototypes these measurements would be 8 ft. 
4 in. and 7 ft. 6 in. respectively. An average horse 16 hands high 
(64 in.) with a rider 5 ft. 10 in. (33 in. from the seat up) would 
make a total height of 97 in. A large steed might increase this 
total to 8 ft. 4 in. There is no apparent reason for the change of 
text. Curiously enough, Ha. follows Faulkner (Ha., p. 180). 
136.23(22) once or more 173.24 more than once 

CHAP. VIII 

146.10 preserve myself some 179.4 

Hours longer than by 

being 
153.16 He then commanded 183.6 

his Men to row up to 

that Side, and fast- 

ning a Cable to one of 

the Staples, ordered 

them 
154.3 Men .15 Man 



being 



myself from 



. . . Side; and fast- 
ning a Cable to one 
of the Staples, or- 
dered the Men 



PART III 

CHAP. I 

4.6 to traffick for two 192.7 

Months 



"for two Months' 
omitted in F. 



68 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

5.6 though he was .25 although he were 

The change is to Swift's usual language of the 1st ed. (Cf. 
supra, p. 65.) 

CHAP. II 

17.9 two or three more 199.19 two or more 

Ha. follows the Motte editions. (Cf. p. 82.) 

20.5 the King's 201.5 his 

"King" occurs five lines above. 

CHAP. Ill 

36.11(10) This Declivity 211.3 The . . . 

The declivity had not previously been mentioned. 
CHAP. V 

74.3 employed 233.9 emptyed 

Ha. follows F. 
76.14 Ancestors 234.22 Forefathers 

CHAP. VI 

86.5 Who imagine they 240.25 . . . came . . . 

come into the world 

A single act is predicated of an individual; hence "came" is the 
more correct. 

CHAP. VII 

96.23 smaller small 246.29 small 

This word occurs in the last line of a paragraph which would be 
too crowded if the longer form were used. 

CHAP. VIII 

109.12 Gamesters 254.11 Gamesters, Fidlers, 

Players 
The addition of "Fidlers," etc., is in Swift's manner. 

111.4 discovered the secret 255.11 . . . true . . . 
Causes 

"Secret" occurs seven lines above (in F.) 

114.5 Among the rest 257.1 Among others 
Ha. follows Faulkner (Ha. p. 268). 



THE FAULKNER TEXT 



69 



.20 this .12 the 

115.1 Youth .16 Boy (heightens the 

contrast) 
.2 Libertina .17 a Libertina 

A manumitted female slave was liberta or liberata with reference 
to her master, but she was libertina with reference to the class to 
which she belonged after manumission, and the article here desig- 
nates her as one of a class. 

.4 Vessels .19 Vessel 

"Vessel" is correct, for the person had been "commander of a 
ship." 

CHAP. IX 

119.3 1711 1709 

.4 we sailed in the River 

Clumegnig, which is a 

Seaport town ("in" or 

"into"?) 
122.16 have it swept so clean 

chap, x 

144.13 deprived despised 274.1 despised 

"deprived" occurs in all the 1726 Motte eds. and is in the signa- 
ture (K) that is identical in the 1st and 2nd eds. In the Dublin ed. 
of 1726 (J. Hyde) the correct word is used — "despised." Query. 
Was this signature printed twice for the 1st ed.? 



259.19 1708 

259.19 . . . River of 



261.27 have it so clean 



PART IV 

... on their their 
Backs but none 
on their Faces, 
nor any thing 
more . . . 



CHAP. I 

8.4 They had long 
lank Hair in their 
Faces, nor any 
thing more than a 
sort of Down on 
the rest of their 
Bodies 

The Ford correction reads "they had long lank Hair on their 
Heads, but none on their Faces, nor anything more," &c. Ha. fol- 
lows Ford. 



283(5).10 they 
had long lank 
Hair on their 
Heads, and only a 
Sort of Down . . . 



70 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

CHAP. II 

19.12 They seemed 292.2 The last seemed 

20.13 waited to hear . . . but .20 . . . but I heard 
I observed 

"observed" is used of eye or ear, but since the ear alone func- 
tioned here, "heard" is an improvement. 

22.15 whom 293.25 which 

The reference is to Yahoos, and the change to "which" places 
them in an inferior order. 

CHAP. Ill 

38.9 By all these Advan- 302.5 By all which . . . 
tages 

"These" occurs in the third line above. 
41.24 in the Softness, and 304.8 in the Whiteness 
Whiteness 

42.17 Secret of ... of my .22 . . . of my having 
having having 

CHAP. IV 

48.18 so perfectly well un- 308.9 F. adds "and so un- 
derstood iversally practised" 

The change adds a "sting." Swift had complained that Motte had 
taken the "sting" out of several passages. Ha. follows Faulkner. 

50.18 to greater La- great 309.14 greater . . . feed 

bor, and fed . . . fed 
52.12 represent . . resentment 310.12 express . . . 
F's substitute avoids tautology. 
58.2 to interrupt me several 313.15 often 

Times 

CHAP, v 

62.6 thrice 316.17 five times 

64.10 Dominions round and 317.24 . . . compact 
compleat 

CHAP. VI 

80.9 weary themselves, and 324.8 ... by engaging in 
engage in 



THE FAULKNER TEXT 



71 



CHAP. VII 

99.14 among us 
108.5 undistinguishing 
108.23 sought for with much 
eagerness 



334(314) .24 with us 
339.24 undistinguished 
340.3 fought for . 

(probably a typo- 
graphic error) 
340.9 Mud 



344.12 ... his Honour 



1097 Dirt 

CHAP. VIII 

1 17.15 ( 14) begged his Favour 

IV^iV-T 3^ " entreated hj s . R ^l Favour/ 7 VcTalso; Pt. 
iv, I4S.14, 1 had the favour of being admitted," etc. 

123.17 Having lived three 347.32 ..... already 
Years in this Country lived 

+l.F« mYe SV tay u i -\ the L - Country was about 3 y ears an <* 9 months, and 
the penod to which this quotation relates was not long before his 
ijgj 8 thence - Faulkner's insertion of "already" it apparently 

128.9 of a Rational Being 

[marriage at request of 

parents] 
129.20 our 



350.15 in a reasonable be- 
ing 



351.7 their (wrong) 
357.30 it grows 



as the rest : She 



CHAP. IX 

140.9 they grow (supra, p. 
56) 

142.21 and I observed she be- 359.8 

haved herself at our died . 

House, as cheerfully as 

the rest, and died about 

three Months after. 
chap, x 
147.4 did not find the Treach- 362.17 . . . feel . . . 

ery . . . Inconstancy 

148.10 for the sake of their 363.7 upon the Merit 
Vices f 

149.9 Where the greatest 363.25 Where (as I have 

already said) . . . 
The parenthetical reference supplied by Faulkner is to pp. 296 



72 



GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 



and 340 (Motte, IV, 27 and 126), 67 and 14 pages distant, respec- 
tively. Such a reference is in Swift's manner. Cf. Pt. I, 46.11 and 
88.4; Pt. II, 57.8 and 106.10; Pt. Ill, 131.14; Pt. IV, 118.8, 146.19, 
and 166.3. Is it likely that Faulkner, unprompted by Swift, would 
make this change? Ha. and Dennis follow Faulkner. 

150.17 his Honour, to my 364.16 F. omits "in all 

great Admiration, ap- Countries" (an evi- 

peared to understand 

the Nature of Yahoos 

in all Countries, much 

better than myself 
152.8 only a little only a lit- 

civilized tie more 

(Motte ed.) civilized 
(Ford) 
occurs five lines below. 



dent improvement) 



365.11 perhaps a little 
more civilized 



372.13 



might proba- 



"Only" 

CHAP. XI 

164.15 the Wind might chop 

about bly . . . 

The introduction of "probably" makes a redundancy {Cf. "Cus- 
tom . . . always," supra, p. 65). 

172.17 as a Yahoo 
175.14 three Years (Cf. 
123.17) 

Gulliver's absence from home on this voyage was 5 years and 3 
months, of which he spent 3 years and 9 months with the Houy- 
hnhnms. Neither text is literally correct, but according to the 
Faulkner reading, Gulliver in his conversation with the sea captain 
may be supposed to refer generally to the period of his absence to 
date. Ha. follows F. 



376.31 or a Yahoo 
378.16 five., . (Cf. 
347.32) 



180.14 Matter of Honour 
181.22 Rotherhith [occurs 
here only] 

CHAP. XII 

195.6 unless a Dispute may 

arise 
199.17 to come in my Sight 



380.28 Point . 
381.17 Redriff 



389.17 Omission. Cf. infra, 

p. 124. 
391.20 to appear . . . 



THE FAULKNER TEXT 73 

Enough running comments have been made in the above 
table to indicate the perspicacity involved in the changes in- 
troduced by Faulkner, which in nearly every case constitute 
a self-evident improvement of the text, and in some cases 
are such as no printer would have the interest or take the 
trouble to make. Whether Swift cooperated to make these 
changes or not, if he had an opportunity to see and acquiesce 
in them, they must be accepted as his own. 

From the admission made by Ford in his letter of Novem- 
ber 6, 1733, to Swift, that the second edition (fourth 8vo. 
edition) is much more correct than the first, and after our 
examination of the corrections in the Ford "paper" (List I), 
and conclusion that almost all of what we may call the typo- 
graphical alterations sent by Ford to Motte, January 3, 1727, 
were made in this "second edition," it is evident that the 
24mo. edition by Motte in 1727 was published too early to 
benefit from these corrections, and that the 8vo. edition of 
the same year, duly corrected, was published after the 24mo. 
edition, and therefore is in fact the fifth Motte edition. If 
this be true, the 24mo. edition is really the fourth Motte 
edition. 

SWIFT'S COMPLAINTS 

In the letter to Sympson Swift's concern, unless it be 
feigned, seems to be because of the material alterations in 
his text, and not because of the casual errors of the com- 
positor, which one may therefore perhaps infer had already 
been eliminated in the "second edition," referred to by Ford. 
Of errors purely typographical, the only ones specified were 
the mistakes in some of the dates, that Swift affected to 
criticize. The error "ten Months" (1726 editions, Part II, 
p. 1) was corrected to "two Months" in the edition of 1727. 
In the latter edition, Part II, p. 2, the date 1722 is very 
evidently an accidental misprint for 1702; it is correctly 
given in all the earlier editions. In these also the date of 



74 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

Gulliver's arrival in Luggnagg is given as April 21, 1711 
(Part III, p. 119) but is changed in the fourth (8vo.) edi- 
tion to 1709, which agrees with the Ford copy, although 
Dennis in his text prints 1708, and this in his words "seems 
to be correct" {hoc. cit., p. 212). 

An examination of the context shows that Gulliver was 
taken up into Laputa about the latter part of May, 1707; 
that he left Laputa February 16th (year not stated) and 
arrived at Luggnagg on the 21st of the following April, i.e. 
in 1708 or 1709 accordingly as he had been in Laputa nine 
months or one year and nine months. The shorter period 
seems to be the more likely. He stayed in Luggnagg 
three months (Part III, p. 126), which should fix his 
departure thence at about July 21, 1708 or 1709, instead of 
May 6, 1708, as given by Dennis, or May 6, 1709, as given 
in the Motte text. Ford's correction to 1709 (as in the 
fourth 8vo. edition) lessens the error but does not cure it. 

In Part III, at pp. 154-155, the dates April 16th and April 
10th, ending the Laputa voyage at Amsterdam and the 
Downs respectively, have been reversed by Dennis (follow- 
ing earlier editors) with the remark that Ha wkes worth was 
the first to make the "obvious correction." The logical 
change should seem to be to alter the latter date to April 
20th. The two dates occur in the text eight lines apart. 
When the compositor set the first he most likely did not know 
the second, and a transposition of the dates by him is quite 
improbable. Nor would the author of an imaginary narra- 
tive be likely to make a transposition of this kind, where the 
dates are only casual and unimportant. Indeed, neither 
Ford nor Swift noticed the misprint, even when they were 
looking for errors. Assuming that in the manuscript each 
date had two figures, no change of the first can mend matters, 
but by changing "10th" to "20th" only one figure is involved, 
and the resulting statement is in perfect harmony with the 
context. 

Following the above, the early editions say that Gulliver's 



THE FAULKNER TEXT 75 

absence on this trip was five years and six months, instead 
of three years and eight months. Dennis calls attention to 
this error. 

The only date in which an error in both the month and day 
may have been made, in any one case, is probably in Part 
IV at page two. Gulliver, after having said in Part IV that 
he had continued at home about five months, i.e. from April 
10 (16 or 20?), 1710 (Part III, p. 155), says that he sailed 
from Portsmouth on August 2, 1710, which was less than 
four months later. To reconcile the two statements, the 
latter date is changed by Faulkner to September 7, 1710, in 
which he is followed by Hawkesworth and Dennis, without 
any other authority. A simpler way to avoid an error would 
have been to let the original date stand and change "five" 
months to "four," or, to be exact, to "three and a half." 

In Part II, p. 2, Gulliver says that on April 19th westerly 
winds began to blow with violence, and continued so for 
"twenty days together ;" that on May 2nd there was a perfect 
calm, and that on the following day a southern wind began 
to set in ! This sounds like Robinson Crusoe. 

In Part IV, on the outward voyage Gulliver was twelve 
days sailing from Portsmouth to "Tenariff" (p. 2), but on 
the return it took him eleven days to sail from Lisbon to 
the Downs, about half the former distance (p. 181), and no 
comment is made by him to account for the difference. Per- 
haps none was necessary. 

From these examples it is evident that Swift did not in all 
cases check his dates, or more likely that he did not take them 
seriously, and that when he later realized that he might have 
been careless, he humorously sought to shift the blame for 
inconsistencies to the printer and the adjustment of them 
to his "judicious and candid readers." It will be remem- 
bered that Ford substituted only one date, and did not make 
that one correct. 

The foregoing discussion may be briefly summarized as 
follows: The complaints of Swift in the (Ford) letter of 



76 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

January, 1727, were against "gross errors of the press" — 
typographical — for which he suggested corrections ; and 
against corruptions of the text that were evidently due to the 
editor — which he merely criticized. 

The interleaved copy of the book went further. It not 
only "set right" the misprints covered by the letter, but re- 
stored the "mangled and murdered pages" that were the real 
subject of Swift's complaints, if made seriously, in his letter 
to Sympson, of April 2, 1727. Motte had the use of the 
January letter with its list of errata, when he prepared his 
final edition, but there is no evidence that he had access to 
the interleaved book. 

In 1733 or later Swift was able to locate and procure for 
Faulkner a corrected copy of the book, the acknowledgment 
for which is in Faulkner's prefatory "Advertisement." This 
enabled Faulkner to put back into the text the suppressed 
passages, much, we may be sure, to the gratification of their 
author. 

That Swift would ask, or could obtain, of Motte, for the 
benefit of a rival, the April letter to Sympson, even if such 
letter then existed, is in the light of all the facts, unbeliev- 
able. That he, still under the guise of Sympson, was nego- 
tiating with Motte through Erasmus Lewis, on April 27, 
1727, 43 about the settlement for Gulliver's Travels, also ren- 
ders it improbable that he had previously in the same month 
prepared for Motte so important a document as that letter. 
Swift wrote it for Faulkner, 44 and in it, for effect, inserted 
the fictitious complaint, unvoiced previously by himself or 
Ford, about the misspelling of "Brobdingrag." The reading 
of the proof-sheets by Swift was a consistent conclusion to 
a series of acts, whose purpose and result were not only the 
improvement of the text, but the restoration of its impaired 
vigor, both of which we find embodied in the earlier Faulk- 
ner editions. 



43 Quoted by Dennis, loc. cit., p. xv. 

44 Cf. Sir Henry Craik's Life of Swift, London, 1882, p. 536. 



THE FAULKNER TEXT 77 

OBSOLETE, OR FAULTY ENGLISH 

Beside text differences that were due to the early pub- 
lishers and to their compositors, a reconcilment of which has 
been attempted in previous pages, some expressions are to 
this day found in some editions of Gulliver's Travels, that 
are clearly faulty, and others that were in common use by 
prominent writers of Swift's day, but are not current now. 
Although these are really beyond the scope of this article as 
originally planned, they have been thought worthy of listing 
here. 

Of all the editors of Gulliver's Travels, Thomas Sheridan 
was probably the most critical of Swift's language. Others 
confined themselves largely to a discussion of the political 
and satirical features of the work, and to an explan- 
ation of obscure passages in it. The notes of Hawkesworth, 
whose first edition appeared in 1755, are quoted in many 
subsequent editions. The Hawkesworth text in spite of 
Hawkesworth's caustic criticism of Faulkner (supra, p. 54) 
appears to follow the Faulkner text often where the latter 
differs radically from that of Motte, but contains also some 
minor changes not found in either of the other two. 

Sheridan, in one of his footnotes (Part IV, Chap. IX) 
says, "in many other passages of these voyages, the author 
[Swift] has intentionally made use of inaccurate expression, 
and studied negligence, in order to make the style more like 
that of a sea-faring man: On which account they have 
been passed over in silence [by Sheridan], where such inten- 
tion was obvious." 45 This statement, if well founded, may 
justify the query in passing, "How far may the language of 
Gulliver's Travels be quoted as an authority for standard 
English of Swift's time?" 

An examination of the following excerpts may lead the 
reader to infer that Sheridan's statement, above quoted, is a 

* 5 The Works of Dr. Jonathan Swift, London, 1784, vol. vi, p. 346. 



78 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

good deal like the Dean's abandonment of certain matters to 
the adjustment of his "judicious and candid readers," but 
"without its humor. There seems to be no rule by which we 
can distinguish between intent and negligence unless one be 
derived from a critical comparison of this work with other 
writings of Swift. Some phrases have been passed over by 
Sheridan that are as open to criticism as others amended by 
him, and nothing in the context seems to justify the differ- 
ence in their treatment. 

Sir Walter Scott has faithfully followed the text of Sheri- 
dan, without even adopting corrections suggested in Sheri- 
dan's notes. Dennis appears to have held pretty closely to 
the Motte text, where he has not introduced changes from 
the Ford copy or from Faulkner. 



LIST IV. EXAMPLES 

In the following list S. indicates Sheridan; Ha., Hawkesworth ; 
D., Dennis ; and F, Faulkner. Suggested changes are in parentheses, 
and words affected are in italics. 

PART I 

CHAP. I 

7.21 "in the posture / lay" ("in which I lay"). 
18.20 "which might have so far rouzed my Rage and 
Strength, as to have enabled me to break the strings" 
("to enable"). 

The misuse of tenses in compound sentences was one of the most 
glaring (because illogical) syntactic faults of the prominent writers 
of Swift's time. Cf. II, 46.11 and III, 132.12. 

22.24 "that hang to a Lady's watch (Obs.; "from"). 

CHAP. II 

33.22 "The Court was under many difficulties concerning 
me. They apprehended" etc. 

A change from the collective to the individual idea. There is 
nothing in the context to indicate a design to emphasize the latter. 
Cf. Ill, 25.10, in this list ; also, supra, p. 56. 

37.18 "and another secret pocket / had no mind should be 
searched" (S. "which I had"). 

42.19 "Balls of the most ponderous Metal . . . and required" 
(D. "requiring"). 

CHAP. Ill 

52.20 "I took Nine of these Sticks, and fixing them firmly 
in the ground in a Quadrangular Figure, two foot and 
a half square, I took four other Sticks, and tyed them 
parallel at each Corner." 

"Tyed to each Corner two Sticks, parallel respectively to the 



80 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

adjacent Sides, and to the Ground." The author does not seem to 
have realized that only eight sticks were necessary to make a sym- 
metrical figure. 

57.13 "four in a breast" ("four abreast"). 

CHAP. IV 

69.13 "But I shall not anticipate the Reader with farther 
Descriptions of this Kind, because I reserve them for 
a greater work" ("I shall not anticipate the De- 
scriptions that I have reserved for the Reader," etc.). 

CHAP. VI 

94.2 "But their manner of writing is . . . neither from the 
Left to the Right, like the Europeans;" etc. ("like 
that of the" . . .). 

Supplying an apostrophe after "Europeans" would also correct 
the error. 

101.18 "Parents are the last of all others to be trusted," etc. 
(Omit "others." Parents are in one class, excluded 
from "all others.") 

It is then a contradiction to say that a member of the one class 
is a member of the others. Cf. note to Pt. II, 20.5, supra, p. 82. 
There is no question here of poetic license, as in "the fairest of her 
daughters Eve." 

102.15 "The Clothes and Food of the Children are plain and 
simple. They are bred up in the principles of Hon- 
our." 

("The latter"). When "They" is reached, the reader's mind goes 
back and instinctively connects it with the dominant idea of the 
preceding phrase, "Clothes and Food"). 

108.13 "with a Rule of an Inch long" (Omit "of"). 

CHAP. VII 

116.21 "After the common Salutations were over, observing 
his Lordship's countenance full of concern; and en- 
quiring into the reason, he desired I would," etc. 
("when I enquired"). 
The Latin participal construction was common in Swift's day. A 

number of examples will be found in this list. In a letter from 



FAULTY ENGLISH 81 

Swift to General Hill, August 12, 1712, the following passage oc- 
curs : "And the worst of it was, that I happened last night to be 
at my lady duchess of Shrewsbury's ball; where looking a little 
singular among so many fine ladies and gentlemen, his lordship 
came and whispered me to look at my box." (A goose was drawn 
at the bottom of a box that had been presented to Swift.) 

121.1 "he hath received only verbal License" ("oral"). 
A mistake made by well-educated people to-day. 

.20 "setting fire on your House" (Obs. ; "to"). 
.23 "Shoot you on the Face" (Obs.; "in"). 

CHAP. VIII 

137.10 "I did very much wonder . . . not to have heard" (S. 
suggests "at not having heard"). 

145.2 "I underwent." 

Correctly printed in all editions before that of Hawkesworth, 
whose text was evidently followed by Sheridan, who prints "I had 
underwent," and corrects it only in a footnote. 

PART II 

CHAP. I 

5.17 "In full view of a great Island or Continent (for we 

knew not whether)." 
Archaic for "which"; "neither does it much concern us that are 
musselmans, whether party of these infidels be right or wrong." 
Letters of a Turkish Spy, Vol. 8, B. Ill (c. 1680). 

7.15 "it served to the Inhabitants only as a foot Path." 

(Latin double dative construe. ; "1853, Lytton, My Novel X. XIII. 
How far his reasonings and patience served to his ends, remains to 
be seen.") Quoted in Murray's Dictionary. 

17.22 "and fell to eat" ("eating"). 

19.4 "I trembled every limb" ("in every"). 

Used in the fourteenth century. See Murray's Dictionary. 

20.5 (Cat) "Three times larger than" ("as large as.") 
Does this mean three times, more than three times, or four times 

as large as an ox? On page 21 a mastiff is said to be equal "in 
bulk" to four elephants, and a grey-hound somewhat "taller" than 
the mastiff, but not so "large." Evidently "large" is meant to cover 
the idea of bulk or volume. 
The Brobdingnagians were probably as much larger than Gulliver, 



82 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

as the latter was larger than the Lilliputians, and this ratio ex- 
tended respectively to all objects in their several countries. 46 In 
the case of the Brobdingnagians we may gather this from the 
thickness of their hands ("not above a Foot," II, 16.14) ; from the 
height of their tables ("Thirty foot," II, 17.15) ; and from the state- 
ment that Gulliver beheld his master's countenance from the height 
of sixty feet (II, 24.18). The Lilliputians are described as being not 
six inches high (I, 8.4), and they computed Gulliver's height at 
twelve times their own (I, 64.9). The ratio in each case was there- 
fore about twelve to one. 

The height of an average domestic cat, at the front shoulders, 
may safely be assumed to be not less than 9 or 94 inches, and that 
of its giant prototype at about nine feet. To compare the latter 
cat with an ox, in bulk, we may without hyper-scrutiny apply the 
rule commended by Gulliver at the end of the third chapter of the 
Voyage to Lilliput, and use the cubes of their respective heights. 
The cube of nine is 729. The cube of 5 (the assumed average 
height of an ox) is 125. On these assumptions the cat would be 
nearly six 1 times as large as the ox. 47 The advantage in this com- 
parison lies with the cat, both as to lower height and less fullness 
of body, for we have taken the smaller factor for its height, and 
have neglected to make any allowance for the greater massiveness 
of the ox. Gulliver's comparison being apparently faulty, we can 
derive no light from his computation as to whether "three times 
larger" means three times, or four times, as large. We must there- 
fore seek elsewhere for a solution. 

In the phrase "When two or three more persons are in com- 
pany" (III, 17.9), the word "more" is to the modern ear absolutely 
redundant, and corresponds to "larger" in the phrase already under 
discussion, and to "more" in the sentence "England . . . was com- 
puted to produce three times the quantity of food, more than its 
Inhabitants are able to consume" (IV, 83.2). These two words 
may therefore justly be taken to have no farther significance than 
a rounding out of the idea expressed in the numerals that precede 
them. "Larger than" may then safely be taken to> mean "as large 
as." Apparently a similar conception is conveyed by "others" in 
the phrase "Parents are the last of all others" (I, 101.18). 

25.8 "which aggravated my sorrows when I awaked" (S. 
corrects to "awoke," but the dictionaries now allow 
"awake" and "awoke.") 

*6 C/. Pt. II, 59.15 and 80.9. 

47 In passing, it may be observed that a cat 7 feet high would 
be three times as large as an ox 5 feet 10 inches. 



FAULTY ENGLISH 83 

Murray says, 5, The Str. pa. pple. awaken was already in the 13th 
c. reduced to awake, and at length became merely an adjective (most- 
ly predicative), after which a new form from the pa. tense, awoken, 
later awoke was substituted; but the weak awaked is also in com- 
mon use. (Shakspere used only the weak inflexions). 

26.16 "to recover my Breath and Loss of Spirits" (Why not 

"Breath and Spirits" ?) 
Cf. Pt. IV, 106.20. 

CHAP. II 

36.5 "though it were but of Half an hour" (S. "was"). 
Cf. p. 97 under 114.20; also List III, p. 68. 
40.23 "Person of Quality's house." ("house of a Person of 
Quality"). 

CHAP. Ill 

43.14 "unsalable" ("insatiable"; Cf. I, 147.2 "for my in- 
satiable Desire.") 

"Inordinate and unsaciable covetousnes." 
More's Utopia, p. 42 (1551). 

46.11 "I owed no other obligation to my late Master, than 
his not dashing out the brains" ( "than for his not hav- 
ing dashed"). 

49.22 "Phrases which I had learned at the Farmer's house, 
and did not suit the polite style of a Court" ("and 
which did"). 

The failure to repeat the relative pronoun in the second of two 
connected phrases where the subject under discussion is the same 
but has a different syntactic value in each, is common with Swift 
and other writers of his day. Examples: "I make bold to en- 
close this letter, which your Grace may please to read, and is the 
substance of what he desired me to say." (Letter to Archbp. King, 
Feb. 22, 1723) . . . "because it requires few talents to which most 
men are not born, or at least may not acquire." (Hints toward an 
Bssay on Conversation). This suppression of the pronoun may be 
due to a desire to avoid tautology. In Swift's Complete Collection 
of Genteel and Ingenious Conversation, he says "it is a true mark 
of politeness, both in writing and reading, to vary the orthography 
as well as the sound." 

The verb "did" is in thought naturally connected by "and" to 



84 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

the preceding verb "learned," and the mind tends to supply the 
same subject, which produces a confusion. 

59.10 "whether I were injured or no." 

(S. This vulgar and ungrammatical mode of expression has be- 
come universal, but instead of "no," the participle "not," should 
be used. The absurdity of the former will appear by only repeat- 
ing the word to which it refers, and annexng it to it, as thus — 
"whether I were injured, or no injured," whereas, "whether I were 
injured, or not injured," is good grammar.) 

62.5 "bestowed him to a Lady" (formerly current). 

63.8 "my legs were not scalded, only my stockings and 
breeches in a sad condition" ("were in"). 

An obvious effort to avoid tautology. 

Cf. "I am at a clergyman's house whom I love very well." (Swift 
to Miss Van Homrigh, June 8, 1714.) . . . "an account of the print- 
er's death, who died yesterday." (Swift to Archbp. King, July 14, 
1724.) 

CHAP. IV 

74.3 "a Servant on horseback would buckle my Box" (S. 
"on my"). 

If the ommission of "on" was to avoid tautology, it seems to 
modern ears to have been an illjudged application of Swift's rule. 
A foot-note in Moriarty's "Dean Swift and his Writings," N. Y., 
1893, p. 233, reads: "The voyage to the Houyhnhnms * * * is not 
printed, or at any rate much cut down, in the popular editions of 
'Gulliver'." 

The failure to repeat "is" in connection with "cut down" — if on 
tautological grounds — makes the writer really say what he evidently 
did not intend. 

The phrase — "and place it on a Cushion" — follows immediately. 

CHAP, v 
80.13 "having been so curious to weigh and measure" (S. 

"as to"). 
88.12 "the great Jett d'eau at Versailles was not equal for 

the time it lasted" (S. "equal to it") . 
91.21 "was so careless to let a huge frog" (S. "as to"). 

CHAP. VI 

109.17 "These (Bishops) were searched and sought out 
through the whole Nation" (Archaic use of "search.") 



FAULTY ENGLISH 85 

Cf. "lest the humour of searching and seizing papers should sur- 
vive." Swift to Pope, Jan. 10, 1721. Possibly an effort to avoid 
the repetition of "out." Murray says that "search" in this sense 
is now used only with "out," except (rarely) poetically. 

110.11 "the whole Legislature is committed ("Legislation"). 

118.20 "the Losses they have received" (S. "sustained"). 
120.24 "wring ed and extorted" (S. "wrung"). 

CHAP. VII 

125.6 "with such Violence and Speed as nothing was able 
to sustain its Force." ("that" or "as that.") 

Murray quotes Bacon (1625) They have such Powring Rivers, as 
the Rivers of Asia . . . are but Brookes to them. 

129.24 "And as to Ideas, Entities ... I could never drive the 
least Conception into their heads" (S. "of them in- 
to"). 

130.21 "But their Libraries are not very large; for that of 
the King's" ("King"). 

133.14 "the species of Men were originally much larger" 
("Man" in first edition). 

CHAP. VIII 

142.6 "while I slept, the Page . . . went among the Rocks to 
look for Birds-eggs, having before observed him 
from my window" ("I having"). 

Cf. note to Part I, 116.21, in this list. 
143.14 "and my Box was tossed up and down like a Sign- 
post in a windy day." 

Dennis says that Hawkesworth altered "Signpost" to "sign," but 
Dennis adds that this expression is "quite in Swift's manner." Mur- 
ray's Dictionary quotes Addison, 1711 — "When did the Lamb and 
Dolphin ever meet, except upon a Sign-post?" These are cases of 
metonymy. 

See also The Century Magazine of September, 1917, p. 711 : "Your 
mind is like one of those sign-posts that have only one name on it" 
(sic) etc. Phyllis Bottome in "The Second Fiddle." 

144.7 "My Box, by the weight of my Body, the Goods that 
were in, and the broad Plates of Iron" ("My Box, by 



86 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

the weight of the Goods that were in it, that of my 

Body", etc.) 
154.7 "he answered, that discoursing this matter with the 

Sailors . . . one of them said" (Latin participal con- 
strue. — "when he discoursed.") 
Cf. Pt. I, 116.21, in this list. 
157.10 "in return of his Civilities" ("for"). 
158.3 "it (a tooth) was drawn by an unskilful Surgeon in 

a Mistake" ("by"). 
.14 "by putting it in Paper, and making it publick" 

("on"). 
162.1 "was in his return to England." ("in" may signify 

"during"; "on," "after.") 

PART III 

CHAP. I 

4.17 "loaden" (S. and H. "laden"). 

Common in Swift's day. 

8.22 "small Provisions" ("few"?) 

9.12 "the Disquiets of my mind" ("Disquiet": Cf. Pt. I, 
72.12. "Now in the midst of these intestine Dis- 
quiets.") 

Murray says that in the sense of a disturbance, disquieting feel- 
ing or circumstance this word and its plural are archaic or obsolete. 
Used by Ld. Burghley in 1574. See Murray. 

CHAP. II 

17.9 "when two or three more persons are in Company" 
(S. "when two, three, or more," etc. ; F. and D. "two 
or more." Cf. Pt. II, 20.5 in this list). 

Hawkesworth has "two, three, or more" (p. 208). 
.23 "Kennel" ("gutter"). 

19.7 "There stood by him on each side, a young Page, 
with Flaps in their Hands" ("with a Flap in his 
Hand"). Cf. supra, p. 56. 



FAULTY ENGLISH 87 

20.16 "There was a Shoulder of Mutton, cut into an Equi- 
lateral Triangle," etc., etc. 

This attempt to satirize mathematicians has been criticized as 
inaccurate — "mutton of two dimensions." Prof, de Morgan, in 
Notes and Queries, Second Series, VI, 125. 

24.3 "I observed such accidents very frequent" ("were 
very" or "to be very"). 

25.10 "the Court was now prepared to bear their part in 
what ever Instrument they most excelled" ("Members 
of the Court were," Cf. Pt. I, 33.22, and supra, 19.7). 
All of the English texts consulted have this reading. 

27.6 "the Intellectuals of their Workmen" (Archaic: "in- 
tellect"). 

CHAP. Ill 

44.14 "the King hath two Methods . . . The first and the 

mildest" ("milder"). 
47.5 "neither the King nor either of his two elder Sons are 

permitted" ("eldest (?) two Sons is"; S. and D. 

have "two eldest sons, are"). 

CHAP. IV 

50.5 "(He) had great natural and acquired Parts, adorned 

with Integrity and Honour, but so ill an Ear for 

Musick," ("was adorned" . . . "had so ill"). 
52.22 "Town which is about half the bigness of London, 

but the Houses very strongly built" ("Houses are"; 

no tautology is here involved). 
56.22 "he doubted he must throw down his Houses" (Obs. 

for "feared.") 
59.5 "the whole Country lies miserably wast, the Houses 

in Ruins, and the People without Food or Clothes." 

("Houses are"). 
A case of anacoluthon, for forcefulness. 
CHAP. V 

62.9 "I could not be in fewer than five hundred Rooms" 
("have been"). 



88 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

69.8 "and made so violent a discharge, as was very offen- 
sive" ("to be"). 

74.3 "he had employed the whole vocabulary into his 
frame" ("put into" or "employed in"; Obs. in the 
sense of "folded into," Lat. implicare. F. and Ha. 
substitute "emptied"). 

CHAP. VII 

96.16 "This Tribe, marries only among each other" ("marry 
only among themselves"). 

97.18 "we . . . entered . . . between . . . Guards, armed and 
dressed after a very antick manner, and something 
in their Countenances" ("and there was"). 

CHAP. VIII 

114.5 "Among the rest (H., S., and D. have "others"). 

CHAP. IX 

121.3 "I was invited." 

In all English editions. Should it be "visited," as in the Paris 
edition of 1727 (Martin, p. 238) ? 

123.13 "strowed" (Archaic; S. and H. "strewed"; D. 
"strowed"). 

CHAP. X 

127.14 "such who are" ("as"). 

130.7 "I discovered my Admiration that I had not observed" 

( Archaic ; "surprise" ) . 
132.12 "if it had fallen to my lot to have been born a Struld- 

brugg" ("to be"? Cf. 133.1, "if it had been my good 

Fortune to come into the World"). 

The first form may be correct, if the expression "had fallen to 
my lot" be considered as a continuing action equivalent to "had 
been my fortune." 

146.17 "in the like circumstances" ("under"). Murray says: 
Mere situation is expressed by "in the circumstances," 
action affected is performed "under the circum- 
stances." 



FAULTY ENGLISH 89 

CHAP. XI 

152.1* "in this Point" ("on"). 

2. "whether I was a real Hollander or no" (not"). 
Cf. supra, II, 59.10. 

PART IV 

CHAP. I 

2.23 "which was the cause of his Destruction, as it hath 
been of several others" ("of that of;" or add apos- 
trophe after "others"). 

3.1 "he might have been safe at home ... at this time" 
("be"). 
.4 "I had several men died in my ship" ("die," or "that 
died"). 

5.5 "letting me put on my best suit of Cloaths . . . and a 
small bundle of Linnen" (S. and H., "and take"). 

6.4 "and consider what I had best to do" (S. "best do"). 

7.14 "the rest of their bodies were bare" (S. "was"). 

9.22 "Leapt up in the Tree" (H., S., and D., "into"). 
10.4 "I observed them all to run away" ("run"). 
16.13 "but reducing it to the English Orthography, may be 
spelt thus" ("it may," or "we may spell it"). 

CHAP. II 

21.20 "The mare . . . gave me a most contemptuous look; 

then turning to the Horse, I heard the word Yahoo." 

("she turned to the Horse, and I heard"). 
Cf. I, 116.21, in this list. 
26.8 "I . . expressed a desire to let me go and milk her" 

(H. and S., "desire to go and milk her." Why not 

"that he would let me," etc.?). 
30.2 "It was at first a very insipid diet, . . . : and having 

been often reduced to hard fare in my life, this was 

not the first experiment I had made" ("because I 

had;" Cf. supra 21.20). 



90 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

CHAP. Ill 

34.23 "were qualities altogether so opposite to those ani- 
mals" 

H. omits "so;" S. gives "which were qualities altogether opposite 
to such as belonged to those animals." Why not "altogether opposite 
to the qualities of those animals"? 

35.17 "writ the words" (Archaic; common in Swift's day). 
36.9 "my Head, Hands and Face, that were only visible." 

(S. "which only were visible.") 

38.18 "my Body had a different covering from others of 
my Kind" ("those of others;" or add apostrophe 
after "others"). 

CHAP. IV 

47.9 "because doubting or not believing, are so little 

known" ("is"). 
All editions consulted, including even Sheridan, follow Motte! 

49.21 "But he insisted in commanding me" (S. suggests 
"persisted in commanding"). 

Why not "insisted and commanded?" 

57.22 "under a necessity" (D. "the"). 

CHAP. V 

64.1 "It is a very justifiable cause of War to invade a 
Country after the People have been wasted by Fam- 
ine" ("and invasion of a Country after"). 

64.6 "It is justifiable to enter into War against our near- 
est Ally, when one of his Towns lies convenient for 
us, or a Territory of land, that would render our 
Dominions round and compleat." ("or is") 

65.13 "There are likewise a kind of" (F., S. and O. "is"). 

Whately in his Logic justifies "these Kind." 

67.5 "dying Groans" ("Groans of the dying"). 

77.4 "this Society hath a peculiar Cant and Jargon of 
their own (S. "has" — "their." Should be "hath" 
— "its," or "have" — "their"). 



FAULTY ENGLISH 91 

CHAP. VI 

81.24 "his Honour was still to seek" (Means "not fully 
informed"). 

81.25 The text that includes the preceding quotation, be- 
ginning with line 14, runs as follows: Gulliver is 
explaining that "the Rich Man enjoyed the Fruit 
of the Poor Man's Labour . . . that the Bulk of our 
People were forced to live miserably ... to make a few 
live plentifully . . . But his Honour was still to seek: 
For he went upon a supposition that all Animals had 
a Title to their share in the Productions of the Earth, 
and especially those who presided over the rest." 

This is the reading in all English editions examined, and it has 
escaped criticism by the commentators. The Abbe Desfontaines be- 
lieved that the author's meaning was reversed. His translation 
runs as follows : "si quelques-uns y pretendent un droit plus par- 
ticulier, ne doit-ce pas etre principalement ceux qui par leur travail 
ont contribue a rendre la terre fertile?" The text of the Hague 
French edition (Gosse, 1727), follows the English version. 

83.4 "three times the quantity of Food more than its In- 
habitants are able to consume" ("more than" is prob- 
ably redundant). 

85.6 "the Building and Furniture of my House employ 

as many more, and five times the number to adorn 

my Wife." ("number are employed;" another case 

of anacoluthon). 

Should "Furniture" be "furnishing"? Cf. "Legislature," Pt. II, 

110.11. 

88.13 "these Artists ingeniously considering" ("consider." 
S. notes that "These artists" is a nominative, without 
any verb). 

96.3 "my Birth was of the lower Sort, having been born 
of plain," etc. ("I having"). 

Cf. Pt. I, 116.21, in this list. 
CHAP. VII 

99.4 "I began ... to think the Honour of my own Kind 



92 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

not worth managing" (equivalent to "maintain- 

kg"?)- 

101.3 "for Brevity Sake." 

Euphony does not require the omission of the possessive sign with 
"Brevity," as with "conscience," etc. 

106.19 "which when his Yahoo had found, he presently re- 
covered his Spirits and good Humour, but took care 
to remove them to a better hiding-place." ("the 
stones"). 

111.6 "his Successor, at the Head of all the Yahoos . . . 
come in a Body" (S. "all the Yahoos . . . with his 
successor at their head, come in a body," etc.). 

114.7 "who, if they were forced to undergo the same reg- 
imen, I would undertake for the Cure." ("and, if"). 

S. notes the error, but suggests no correction; a case of anaco- 
luthon. 

115.9 "Speculation, which he had drawn from what he 
observed himself, or had been told him by others" 
(Omit "him," or write "or others had told him"). 

CHAP. VIII 

119.18 "the stink was somewhat between a Weasel and a 
Fox" ("between those of"). 

123.17 "Having lived three Years in this Country, the Read- 
er I suppose will expect" ("I suppose the Reader"). 

CHAP. IX 

140.7 "They have a kind of Tree, which . . . loosens . . . 
and falls . . . ; they grow very strait, and being point- 
ed like stakes with a sharp Stone, (for the Houy- 
hnhnms know not the Use of Iron) they stick them 
erect in the Ground" ("these Trees grow very strait, 
and are stuck into the Ground when they are pointed 
like Stakes with a sharp stone, for the Houyhnhnms 
know not the Use of Iron;") D. "it grows." Cf. su- 
pra, p. 56. 

141.10 "cut their Hay, and reap their Oats, which there 
groweth" ("grow"). 



FAULTY ENGISH 93 

142.2 "Regret that he is leaving the World, any more than 
if he were upon returning home" ("upon his re- 
turn"). 

CHAP, x 

146.5 "of several Birds I had taken . . ., and were ex- 
cellent Food" (S. "and which"). 

Sheridan says that the sentence of which this is a part is other- 
wise faulty. It might be amended to read as follows : "My Master 
had ordered to be made for me after their manner, about six yards 
from the House, a Room, the Sides of which I plaistered with Clay 
and the Floors I covered with Rush-matts of my own contriving . . . 
of several Birds . . . which were excellent Food." 

154.3 "That such a practice was not agreeable to Reason 
or Nature, nor a thing ever heard of before among 
them." (F., S., and D., change "nor" to "or"). 

155.5 "He doubted it would be impossible for me to swim 

to another Country" (Obs. for "was afraid"). 
159.16 "converse in that Element." 

Swift often uses "converse" in the sense of "being familiar with." 
Cf. Stone, ed., 1727, p. 131, "Law was a science I had not been con- 
versant in;" also, Motte, Pt. Ill, 26.9, "conversant in Lines and 
Figures." 

CHAP. XII 

196.16 "To lament the Brutality of Houyhnhnms" ("to;" 
an unusual use of the objective genitive). 

MAPS 

The maps that accompany the text of Gulliver's Travels 
were probably prepared by the publisher without any re- 
sponsibility on the part of the author. This is pointed out 
by Sir Henry Craik, and Dennis calls attention to the dis- 
crepancy in the map of Brobdingnag. For two hundred 
years one other map, at least, has been copied with all of its 
original errors, and where not in facsimile, often with oth- 
ers added. On Plate III which accompanies the Voyage to 
Laputa, Balnibarbi appears to be an island due east of Japan, 



94 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

with the island of Luggnagg between the two, southeast of 
Japan and southwest of Balnibarbi. On page 94, Pt. Ill, 
Luggnagg is said to be northwest of Balnibarbi, and south- 
eastward of Japan. Either the text or the map is wrong. 
On page 52 the text says, "the Continent as far as it is sub- 
ject to the Monarch of the Flying Island, passes under the 
general name of Balnibarbi" — shown on the map as an 
island! According to the text (p. 95) Maldonada is a port 
in Balnibarbi, and the island of Glubbdubdrib is southwest 
of the latter ; on the map Maldonada is indicated as on Lugg- 
nagg, instead of on Balnibarbi, and Glubbdubdrib is south- 
west of Luggnagg. 

The suggestion may be made that if this plate be revised 
for future editions, the town of Lindalino and the river that 
flows through it should be shown on or in Balnibarbi — 
which the publishers of the recent Bohn edition have over- 
looked. 



APPENDIX 

In List I, below, are given some text differences found 
in the first and fourth (8vo.) Motte and in the Faulkner 
editions respectively, together with the Ford corrections in 
full, as they are found in his "paper," the postscript of the 
letter to Motte, of January 3, 1727, and those in the "book," 
indicated respectively by P and B, where not found in both. 
In List II are the substitutes for the passages suppressed by 
Motte and restored, by Faulkner from a copy of the "book." 

In Ford's copy of the "book," there are fourteen inserted 
leaves — in Parts III and IV. Seven of them are still 
totally blank. They are in pairs, and the matter to be re- 
stored from them varies from a few lines to six and a half 
pages, the total amounting to about twelve pages. When 
Ford said in his "paper," against p. 69, Part IV, the place 
where in his "book" he crosses out six and a half pages: 
"You ought in Justice to restore these twelve Pages to their 
true Reading," he must have quoted the number from mem- 
ory or have had in mind the total of the substitutions. 

The passage added by Dennis near the end of Chap. Ill, 
Part III (p. 47, Motte), is found on the verso of a leaf that 
faces page 91. There are three other cases of misplacement 
— "references backward and forward" — as Ford put it. 



LIST I 



TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS FROM THE "PAPER" 



PART I 



Motte; 1st Ed. Ford's "Pa- 



Faulkner 1735 



Motte 4th 
1726 per" 48 (8vo.) Ed. 

1727 
vi.5 Country Country vii.10 Country 

"Nottinghamshire, his native Country" — in all editions. Is this a mis- 
print for "County," or is it intentional, to avoid tautology? In the next 
paragraph the reference to Oxfordshire is "in that County." (Cf. 1st ed., 
Pt. Ill, 137.14, and 2nd ed. Pt. IV, 67.13 where "Country" is wrongly 
printed "County". Cf. R. Crusoe, II, 6, 2nd par., 1st and 2nd eds.) 

5.7 Northwest Northward 3.29 Northwest 

A glance at a map of Oceania will show that "Northwest" is the more 
correct. 

15.12 advanced . . . forward 9.34. . . for- 

forwards wards 

Note the redundancy (Cf. Pt. IV, 6.1, 1st and 4th eds.). 

22.13 Use Uses Uses 14.7 Use 



CHAP. II 

36.11 of Coun- of his 

cil 
41.20 he as- 

sured 



of his . . . 23.2 of his . . 

he assures 26.8 he assured 



CHAP. Ill 

50.18(19) 
Purple 
.19(20) 



Blue (B) Purple 

Red . . . Green Yellow 



32.13 Blue . 
Red 
.14 Green 



48 Beside the following changes, "mine" before "eyes" and "ears" was 
changed to "my" by Ford in every case but one, and that one he probably 
overlooked. 



THE FORD CORRECTIONS 97 

Yellow ... (B) White 

White 
51.18(20) Pur- Blue (B) Purple 32.33 Blue 

pie 
51.19(20) Red (B) Yellow .33 Red 

Yellow 
.20(21) Green (B) White 33.1 Green 

White 

The colors given by Ford represent those of the Garter, the Bath and 
the Thistle respectively. 

CHAP. V 

79.8 binding , bending 49.20 binding 

.17 arrived ... at ... at 49.28 .' . .to 
to 

80.23 bold boldest boldest 50.20 boldest 

CHAP. VI 

107.15 Domes- Domesticks 67.9 Domes- 
tick tick 
"Domestick" is here used as equivalent to "a household." 

111.19 Exchequer Bills would not circulate under nine per Cent. 
below Par; so printed in all editions consulted. Should be 
"above nine per Cent," etc. 

114.20 although although 71.18 although 

he were he was he were 

See note to Part III, 5.6, List III, p. 68. 

CHAP. VII 

130.12 acquitted quitted 81.14 acquitted 

CHAP. VIII 

141.14 Princes . Princess 88.24 Princes 

Cf. 69.8; and 110.20, "Princes of the Blood of both Sexes." 

144.5 I left I had left I had left 90.8 I left 

145.8 Lilliput Blefuscu Blefuscu .31 Blefuscu 



98 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

PART II 

CHAP. I 

3.19 hulling hurlling* 94.32 hulling 

7.21 the end this end of the 97.13 the end 

of this of this 

9.14 I made However, I . . . However, I . . . 98.12 However, 

I... 

12.8 shall should 99.33 shall 

CHAP. II 

30.7 toward forward forward 110.6 towardly 

Cf. Pt. I, 147.19, "a towardly Child." 
32.13 Field Fields(B) field 111.23 Field 

Ford's correction overlooked or disregarded by Faulkner. 
39.20 the Town • their Town 115.34 the Town 

CHAP. Ill 

47.2 would perhaps would perhaps would 120.25 would 
48.24 had and had and had 121.27 had 

65.22 Creatures Insects (B) Creatures 131.13 Insects 

CHAP. IV 

71.23 English European(B) English 135.6 European 

74.4 buckle my buckle my 136. 16 buckle my 

Eleven lines above, "buckle" is used with "about his Waste (Waist)." 
Dennis inserts "on." 

CHAP. V 

93.9 not stir- stirred not 148.1 not stir- 

ing ring 

98.11 Honour Courage Courage 151.1 Courage 

CHAP. VI 

108.4 Praise Praises Praises 157.13 Praise 

111.15 all several several 159.9 what 

116.14 charge- ...extensive 162.1 . . . ex- 
able and ex- tensive 
tensive 
Dennis has "expensive" which is synonymous with "chargeable." 



THE FORD CORRECTIONS 



99 



120.11 were are are 164.6 are 

.13 were are are .7 are 

123.20 Monarch mighty .. . (B) Monarch 166.12 Monarch 

In this chap. Gulliver speaks deprecatingly of the king, and the omission 
of "mighty" seems appropriate. Ha. follows Faulkner. 

CHAP. VII 

133.3 from from the from the 

133.14 Species . . . Men . . . Men 

of Man 

134.7 several several more 

moral 

Cf. 134.12 "Lectures in Morality." 

136.21 the the 



CHAP. VIII 

140.15 not di- just not directly 
rectly 

Ford's "paper" says, "the Sense is imperfect." 
149.7 was is 

156.16 own Pre- Presence Presence 
sence 

161.1 necessary . . . for me . . . for me 



CHAP. II 

17.9 two or 
three more 
See List IV, Pt. 

31.15 Spirits 



PART III 



two or 
more 



three 



171.20 from 
171.29. . . Man 

172.9 several 
moral 

173.23 that 

175.29 not di- 
rectly 

180.24 was 
184.31 Presence 

187.11 ...forme 



199.19 two or 
more 



II, 20.5. 
Sprites (in Sprites 207.18 Sprites 

margin of 
Ford copy) 

The same phrase, "Sprites and Hobgoblins," used in early editions of a 
"Tale of a Tub" has been similarly corrupted in later editions. As cor- 
rected, it better expresses an antithesis. Hawkesworth follows the 1st 
Motte ed. (p. 217). 



100 



GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 



34.5 Women- Womankind 

kind 
42.17 the their 

"Goodness 



women kind 208.32 Woman- 
kind 
their 214.20 their 

For this Advantage &c the Sense imperfect." (P) 



CHAP. Ill 
36.13 Cause 
43.4 his 
44.19 Death 
49.13 here 
59.16 Act 

CHAP. V 

71.23 both 
73.10 or 
74.8 in the 
Book 
75.15 other 

77.7 Saddles 
78.4 the 
83.6(5) method 
85.11010) dis- 
pose of them 
86.7(5) come 
87.15(12) Per- 
sons 



Dearth 

there 

act(P) 

Books 

as 

in Books 

other Project 
(B) 
Sacks 
thus 
methods 
dispose them 

came(B) 
Person's 



course 

the 

Dearth 

there 

act 

Books 

as 

in books 

other 

Sacks 
thus 
methods 
dispose them 

come 
person's 



.5 Cause 

214.27 his 
215.26 Dearth 
218.24 there 
224.21 act 

231.33 Books 

232.28 as 
233.12 in Books 

234.5 other 

235.2 Sacks 
235.18 thus 

238.34 Methods 
240.10 dispose 

them 
.25 came 
241.16 Person 



CHAP. VI 

88.23(20) of for 242.7 of 

89.7(4) take to take to take .12 to take 

"P. 90 to the end of the Chapter seems to have much of the Author's 
manner of thinking, but in many places wants his Spirit." (P) 



93.11(5) into in 

.16 North- West. See notes on maps, p. 94. 



244.10 into 



THE FORD CORRECTIONS 



101 



CHAP. VII 








94.7 was 


is 


is 


245.5 is 


101.5 in 


into 


into 


249.8 into 


.20 See List II. 








102.20 Ancestors 


Ancestor 


Ancestors 


251(250).5 An- 
cestor 


CHAP. VIII 








110.4 Faction 


Factions 


Factions 


254.25 Factions 


CHAP. IX 








119.3 1711 


1709 


1709 


259.19 1708 


.12 in a 


in the 


in the 


.25 in the 


121.6 they nev- 


they had never 


they had never 260.34 they had 


er 






never 


CHAP. X 








133.24 Lan- 


Language 


Language 


268.4 Lan- 


guages 






guages 


.25 Fashions, 


Fashions of . . . 


, Fashions of . 


.5 Fashions, 


Dress 






Dress 


134.14 Choice 


choice (P) 


choice 


268.16 choise 


137.14 County 




Country 


270.4 Country 


.18 these 


those 


those 


.7 those 


138.6 eldest 


oldest 


oldest 


.18 oldest 


140.2 were 


they were 


they were 


271.19 they were 


141.18 come 


comes 


comes 


272.16 comes 


142.20 continu- 


continue 


continue 


273.3 continue 



ing 

A change in the punctuation would 
.22 forgot forget 
143.22 youngest : in all editions, 
two hundred years they could 
144.1 brought brought to me 
me 
.14 sort sorts 



make the participial form correct, 
forget 273.4 forget 

Should be "oldest" (?). After 
hold no conversation, 
brought to me 273.24 brought 

to me 
sorts 274.1 Sorts 



102 



GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 



convey 
performed 



CHAP. XI 

152.21 conver 
154.3 petform 

ed 
.21 safe to safe at 
155.11 and 

found my 



convey 279.12 convey 

performed 280.1 performed 

safe at .14 safe at 

and my .25 and 

found my 



PART IV 



CHAP. I 

2.4 Adven- 
ture 



Adventure 281.13 Adven- 
ture 

Dennis prints "Adventurer," possibly to distinguish this ship from the 
one in which Gulliver sailed on his second voyage (Pt. II, 2.2). 



8.1 in sharp 
points, hooked 



and hooked 



.6(5) on their on their 
Faces, nor any Heads 49 but 
thing more none on their 
than a sort of Faces, nor any 
12.20 Com- 

mands. But 

concealing 
17.2 them him 



. . . and hooked 283.5(7) on(sic) 
sharp Points, 
hooked 
on their Backs 283 (5). 10 
but none on 
their Faces, 
nor any 
Commands. 
But . . . 



on 
their Heads, 
and only a 
Sort of 
287.30 Com- 
mands; but... 



CHAP. II 

31.12 fare 



fared 



him 



far'd 



290.7 him 



in 



CHAP. Ill 

35.16 formed 

. . . into 

"I formed all I learned into the English Alphabet." 
42.18 having 
45.12 Word 

and Honour 



my 



my . . . 
word and 
honour 



298.19 fare 



300.25 into 



304.22 my... 
306.3 Word 
and Honour 



49 Ford's "paper" reads : "This passage puzled me for some time, it 
should be iong lank Hair on their Heads'," etc. 



THE FORD CORRECTIONS 



103 



The same expression occurs at p. 177.9 in the 
1st ed. there reads "Word of Honor." Apparently 
current. 



4th (8vo.) ed., but the 
both expressions were 



.18 myself 




himself 


306.7 myself 


CHAP. IV 






49.6 when 


where 


where 


308.20 where 


For 3 changes in the L. P. copies 


see supra, p. 28, 


note. 


51.7 meanest 


weakest 


weakest 


309.25 meanest 


.lOrouling 


rolling on 


rolling on 


.27 rouling 


on 






upon 


53.4 Office 


Offices 


Offices 


310.25 Offices 


54.12 my 


one of my 


one of my 


31 1.16 one of my 


55.11 the 


that(B) 


the 


.34 the 


56.11 is 


it is 


it is 


312.19 is 


.15 Queen 


a Queen 


a Queen 


.22 Queen 


CHAP. V 








60.10 of which 


which 


which 


315.9 which 


63.1 or a Virtue 




or Virtue 


316.32 or a Vir- 
tue 


64.2 Cause of 




... a War 


317.17 . . War 


War 








See List IV, p. 90. 






.7 when i 


vhere (B) 


when 


317.22 when 


65.6 those 


these 


these 


318.6 these 


.13 are 


is(B) 


are 


318.11 is 


.13 another 


a 


a 


.11 a 


See List II, p. 114. 






67.1 Bayonets, 


Bayonets, 


Bayonets, 


319.3 Bayonets, 


Sieges 


Battles (B) 


Sieges 


Sieges 


"Sea fights; is there no mention of Land fights?" (P) 


68.16 my Hoof 


his Hoof 


his Hoof 


.34 his Hoof 


69. See List II, 


Note 53, p. 117. 






CHAP. VI 








81.12 or to 




or save 


325.2 or to 


save 




save 






104 



GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 



85.1 and 

86.3 operated 
the one con- 
trary to each 
other 

87.18 Bones, 
Beasts 

88.12 inferior 



or or 327.2 or 

operated operated .23 operated 

contrary . . . contrary . . . contrary . . 



Bones,(B) Bones, 328.19 Bones, 

Birds, etc. Beasts Beasts 

inferior inferior .33 inferior 

posterior Posterior 

"Part of P. 90 & 91 false and silly, infallibly not the same Author." (P) 
92.2 makes made(B) makes 310(330) .4 

makes 
.12 Way to way of .12 way to 

"93. at last by an Act of Indemnity, abrupt." (P) 

"P. 97 a great Man. Nonsence. the author is not talking of great Men, 
but of Men highly born. I believe it should be of a Noble Birth, or rather 
Marks of Noble Blood. I take this Page to be likewise corrupted, from 
some low Expressions in it." (P) 



CHAP. VII 








99.3 enlight- 


enlarged 


enlarged 


314(334).16 


ened 






enlarged 


109.2 and it 


and it pro- 


and it pro- 


340.4 It pro- 


produced 


duced in them 


duced in them 


duced 


.6 chatter 


chatter, and 


chatter 


.7 chatter, 




reel(B) 




and roul 


.23 taken 


known to have 


known to have 


.22 known to 


myself 


been taken 


been taken 


have been tak- 




with success 


with Success 


en with Success 


112.8 with 


with the 


with the 


341.33 with the 


113.2 the Arti- 


the last Arti- 


the last Arti- 


342.12 the last 


cle 


cle 


cle 


article 


.22 could 


did 


did 


.27 did 


"Could follows.' 


'(P) 






114.5 discover 


plainly dis- 


discover 


.33 plainly 




cover (B) 




discover 



THE FORD CORRECTIONS 



105 



CHAP. VIII 






121.5 scratch search 


search 


346.21 search 


127.1 again, or again. Or 


again, or 


349.24 again ; or 


.3 bestow bestow him(B) 


bestow him 


.26 bestows 


on him 




on him 


"bestow on him one of their own Colts." Ford's expression is unusual, 


but correct. 






130.5 hard and hard stony 


hard stony 


351.13 hard 


stony 




stony 


Cf. "grave decent," Ft. II, 55.8. 






.8 Rivet River (B) 


River 


.15 River 


.19 were are 


are 


.24 are 


131.19 Family Family in the 


Family 


352.7 Family 


District(B) 






CHAP. IX 






132.13 that which (B) 


that 


353.12 that 


"the only Debate that ever happened." Ford's change to "which" does 


not point to Swift. 






133.24 or and 


and 


354.12 and 


134.8 old Ones elder 


elder 


.19 the Older 


138.21 Memory Memorys 


Memories 


357.3 Mem- 
ories 


Where Ford changed a singular noun ending in 


"y" to the plural, he 


simply added the "s," without changing to "ies." 




139.10 Subdivi- 


Subdivisions 


.11 Subdivi- 


sions into 




sions 


Weeks 






Dennis prints "subdivision," which 


is better. 




141.15 several certain 


certain 


358. 18 certain 


144.8 cut cuts 


cuts 


360.1 cuts 


CHAP. X 






145 14 Room for ... to be 


... to be 


361.11 ... to be 


made for 


made for 


made for 


146.161 made I likewise (B) 


I also made 


362.6 I likewise 


I also(P) 




made 



106 



GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 



147.19 splene- 


splenaticks(P) 


Splenaticks 


.28 Splene- 


tick [adj.] 


spleneticks ( B ) 


(sic) 


ticks, 


149.21 the 


their . . . 


their . . . 


363.34 their 


Thoughts 






Minds 


.22 their 


the 


the 


364.1 the 


.24 on 


or(B) 


on 


.2 on 


150.24 their 




this 
my 


.20 their 


152.4 and my 


my 


365.9 my 


.8 only a lit- 


• only a little 


only a little 


.11 perhaps a 


tle civilized 


more civilized 


civilized 


little more 




(3) 




civilized 


154.4 agreeable 




... to the 


366.11 to Reason 


to Reason 




Reason 




.5 ever 




never 
of an 


.12 ever 


157.13 of 


of an 


368.3 of an 


CHAP. XI 








172.24 their 




the 

Word and . . 


377.2 their 


177.9 Word of 




. 379.4 Word of 


Honour 






Honour 


Cf. supra, 45.12. 








182.15 I became 


I had become 


I had become 


381.30 I had be- 
come 


CHAP. XII 








186.24 tempta- 


Temptation 


temptation 


384.33 Tempta- 


tions 






tion 


189.8 not with 


not the least 


not with 


386.11 not the 




with(B) 




least with 


190.1 Tribes 


Tribe(B) 


Tribes 


.24 Tribes 


192.3 some 


modern 


modern 


387.30 modern 


modern 








.9 Discovery Discoverys 


Discoveries 


388.1 Discov- 








eries 


Cf. 138.21 in this list. 






194.4 the 




their 
have any 


.32 the 


.17 have a 


have any 


389.8 have a 



THE FORD CORRECTIONS 



107 



195.1 may con- 
cern 
.4 these 
.9 on 


more con- 
cerns 
those (B) 


more con- 
cerns 
these 
in 

asked 


.13 may con- 
cern 
.16 these 
F. omits last 
paragraph, 
from 195.7 
to .19. 
390.10 asked 


197.7 ask'd 


ask 



LIST II 



RESTITUTIONS FROM THE "BOOK" 

In the following pages the quotations in the left column 
are from the fourth (8vo.) edition of Motte, 1727; those in 
the right are from the Dublin edition of Faulkner, 1735, un- 
less otherwise stated. F. refers to Faulkner ; D. to the Bohn 
edition by Dennis, 1914. Unless otherwise stated, refer- 
ences to Ford are to his copy of the printed book. 



MOTTE; 4TH (8VO.) EDI- 
TION, LONDON, 1727 



FAULKNER; DUBLIN EDI- 
TION, 1735 



PART II 

CHAP. VI 

119.21 . . . "Ignorance, Idle- 
ness and Vice may be sometimes 
the only Ingredients fcr quali- 
fying a Legislator." 



163.28 . . . "Ignorance, Idle- 
ness, and Vice are the proper 
Ingredients," etc. (The same in 
Ford.) 



CHAP. VII 

136.16(14) . . . "Disease to 
which so many other Govern- 
ments are subject;" 



173.19 . . . "Disease, to which 
the whole Race of Mankind is 
subject;" (The same in Ford.) 



PART III 



CHAP. Ill 

42.16 (Passage omitted in the 
Motte Ed. It was on the Ford 
sheet inserted opposite p. 91, and 
was probably overlooked, or not 
discovered until too late). 

42.16 "This Advantage hath 
enabled them to extend their 
Discoveries," etc. 



214.15 . . . "For, although their 
largest Telescopes do not exceed 
three Feet, they magnify much 
more than those of a Hundred 
with us, and shew the Stars with 
greater Clearness. This Ad- 
vantage hath," etc. (Ford's 
copy is slightly different; "of 
an hundred Yards among us, 



THE FORD CORRECTIONS 



109 



47.2 . . . "and the whole Mass 
would fall to the Ground." (Ford 
passage begins here.) 

(The remainder of this pas- 
sage was on the Ford sheet op- 
posite p. 70, Pt. IV, and, like 
the preceding, was not noticed 
by the compositor until too late.) 



and at the same time shew the 
Stars with greater Clearness. 
This Advantage," etc.) 

[Ford]. "About three years 
before my Arrival among them, 
while the King was in his Pro- 
gress over his Dominions, there 
happened an extraordinary Ac- 
cident which had like to have put 
a Period to the Fate of that 
Monarchy, at least as it is now 
instituted. Lindalino, the second 
City in the Kingdom was the 
first his Majesty visited in his 
Progress. Three Days after his 
Departure the Inhabitants who 
had often complained of great 
Oppressions, shut the Town 
Gates, seized on the Governor, 
and with incredible Speed and 
Labour erected four large Tow- 
ers, one at every Corner of the 
City (which is an exact Square) 
equal in Heigth [sic] to a strong 
pointed Rock that stands direct- 
ly in the Center of the City. 
Upon the Top of each Tower, as 
well as upon the Rock, they 
fixed a great Loadstone, and in 
case their Design should fail, 
they had provided a vast Quanti- 
ty of the most combustible 
Fewel, hoping to burst therewith 
the adamantine Bottom of the 
Island, if the Loadstone Project 
should miscarry. 

"It was eight Months before 
the King had perfect Notice 
that the Lindalinians were in Re- 
bellion. He then commanded 
that the Island should be wafted 
over the City. The People were 
unanimous, and had laid in Store 
of Provisions, and a great River 



110 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 



runs through the middle of the 
Town. The King hovered over 
them several Days to deprive 
them of the Sun and the Rain. 
He ordered many Packthreads 
to be sent 50 down, yet not a 
Person offered to send up a Pe- 
tition, but instead thereof, very 
bold Demands, the Redress of 
all their Greivances, great Im- 
nunitys, the Choice of their 
own Governor, and other the 
like Exorbitances. Upon which 
his Majesty commanded all the 
Inhabitants of the Island to cast 
great Stones from the lower Gal- 
lery into the Town; but the Citi- 
zens had provided against this 
Mischief by conveying their Per- 
sons and Effects into the four 
Towers, and other strong Build- 
ings, and Vaults under Ground. 
"The King being now deter- 
mined to reduce this proud Peo- 
ple, ordered that the Island 
should descend gently within 
fourty Yards of the Top of the 
Towers and Rock. This was 
accordingly done; but the Offi- 
cers employed in that Work 
found the Descent much speed- 
ier 1 than usual, and by turning 
the Loadstone could not without 
great Difficulty keep it in a firm 
Position, but found the Island 
inclining to fall. They sent the 
King immediate Intelligence of 
this astonishing event, and 
begged his Majesty's Permission 
to raise the Island higher; the 
King consented, a general Coun- 
cil was called, and the Officers 



50 Dennis substitutes "let." "Send" occurs in the next line. 



THE FORD CORRECTIONS 111 

of the Loadstone ordered to at- 
tend. One of the oldest and 
expertest among them obtained 
Leave to try an Experiment. He 
took a strong Line of an hun- 
dred Yards, and the Island be- 
ing raised over the Town above 
the attracting Power they had 
felt, He fastened a Piece of Ada- 
mant to the End of his Line 
which had in it a Mixture of 
Iron mineral; of the same Na- 
ture with that whereof the Bot- 
tom or lower Surface of the Is- 
land is composed, and from the 
lower Gallery let it down slowly 
towards the Top of the Towers. 
The Adamant was not descended 
four Yards, before the Officer 
felt it drawn so strongly down- 
wards, that he could hardly pull 
it back. He then threw down 
several small Pieces of Adamant, 
and observed that they were all 
violently attracted by the Top 
of the Tower. The same Ex- 
periment was made on the other 
three Towers, and on the Rock 
with the same Effect. 

"This Incident broke entirely 
the King's Measures, and (to 
dwell no longer on other Cir- 
cumstances) he was forced to 
give the Town their own Con- 
ditions. 

"I was assured by a great Min- 
ister, that if the Island had de- 
scended so near the Town, as not 
to be able to raise itself, the Cit- 
izens were determined to fix it 
forever, to kill the King and all 
his Servants, and entirely change 
the Government" (D. 178.1). 

(The above passage was first 



112 



GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 



CHAP. VI 

90.8 "I told him, that should I 
happen to live in a kingdom 
where Plots and Conspiracies 
were either in vogue from the 
turbulancy of the meaner people, 
or could be turned to the use 
and service of the higher rank 
of them, I first would t;:ke care 
to cherish and encourage the 
breed of Discoverers, Witnesses, 
Informers, Accusers, Prosecu- 
tors, Evidences, Swearers, to- 
gether with their several sub- 
servient and subaltern instru- 
ments; and when I had got a 
competent number of them, of 
all sorts and capacities, I would 
put them under the colour and 
conduct of some dextrous per- 
sons in sufficient power both to 
protect and reward them. Men 
thus qualified and thus empow- 
ered might make a most excel- 
lent use and advantage of Plots, 
they might raise their own char- 
acters and pass for most pro- 
found Politicians, they might re- 
store new vigor to a crazy Ad- 
ministration, they might stifle or 
divert general Discontents ; fill 
their pockets with forfeitures, 
and advance or sink the opinion 
of publick Credit, as either 
might answer their private Ad- 
vantage. This might be done by 
first agreeing and settling among 
themselves what suspected per- 
sons should be accused of a 



printed in its proper place, in the 
text, by Dennis, but had been 
earlier printed in the appendix 
to Aitken's Gulliver, London, 
1896.) 

242.33 I told him, that in the 
Kingdom of Tribnia, by the Na- 
tives called Langden, where I 
had long sojourned ["sojourned 
some time in my Travels; Ford], 
the Bulk of the People consisted 
["consist in a manner;" Ford] 
wholly of Discoverers, Witness- 
es, Informers, Accusers, Prose- 
cutors, Evidences, Swearers; to- 
gether with their several subser- 
vient and subaltern Instruments ; 
all under the Colours, the Con- 
duct, and pay ["Colours and Con- 
duct;" Ford] of Ministers ["of 
State;" Ford] and their Depu- 
ties. The Plots in that King- 
dom are usually the Work- 
manship of those Persons 
who desire to raise their own 
Characters of profound Politi- 
cians; to restore new Vigour to 
a crazy Administration; to stifle 
or divert general Discontents ; to 
fill their Coffers ["Pockets;" 
Ford] with Forfeitures; and 
raise or sink the Opinion of pub- 
lick Credit, as either shall best 
answer their private Advantage. 

"It is first agreed and settled 
among them, what suspected 
Persons shall be accused of a 
Plot : Then, effectual Care is 
taken to secure all their Letters 
and other [Ford writes "persons" 
and "then," without capitals and 
omits "other."] Papers, and put 
the Owners ["Criminals;" Ford] 



THE FORD CORRECTIONS 



113 



Plot. Then effectual Care being 
["is," 1st ed.] taken to secure 
all their Letters and Papers, 
and put the criminal in safe and 
secure custody; ["These," 1st 
ed.] these Papers might be de- 
livered to a sett of Artists of 
dexterity sufficient to find out 
the mysterious meanings of 
Words, Syllables, and Letters. 
They should be allowed to put 
what interpretation they pleased 
upon them, giving them a sense 
not only which has no relation 
at all to them, but even what is 
quite contrary to their true in- 
tent and real meaning; thus 
for instance, they may, if they 
so fancy, interpret a Sieve to 
signify a Court Lady; a lame 
Dog an Invader, the Plague a 
standing Army, a Buzzard a 
great Statesman, the Gout a 
High Priest, a Chamber-pot a 
Committee of Grandees, a 
Broom a Revolution, a Mouse- 
trap an Imployment, a Bottom- 
less-pit a Treasury, a Sink a 
Court, a Cap and Bells a Fa- 
vourite, a broken Reed a Court 
of Justice, an empty Tun a Gen- 
eral, a running Sore an Admin- 
istration. 

"But should this method fail, 
recourse might be had to others 
more effectual, by learned men 
called Acrosticks and Anagrams. 
First, might be found men of 
skill and penetration who can 
discern that all initial Letters 
have political Meanings. Thus 
N shall signify a Plot, B a Reg- 



in Chains. These Papers are 
delivered to a Set of Artists 
very dextrous in finding out 
the mysterious Meanings of 
Words, Syllables and Letters. 
For Instance, they can de- 
cypher ["discover;" Ford] a 
Close-stool to signify a Privy- 
Council; a Flock of Geese, a 
Senate ; a lame Dog, an Invader ; 

["a Codshead a ;" Ford] the 

Plague, a standing Army; a 
Buzard, a ["prime;" Ford] Min- 
ister; the Gout, a High Priest; 
a Gibbet, a Secretary of State; 
a Chamber pot, a Committee of 
Grandees; [Ford's punctuation 
differs slightly from Faulkner's] 
a Sieve a Court Lady ; a Broom, 
a Revolution; a Mouse-trap, an 
Employment; a bottomless Pit, 

the Treasury; a Sink, a C 1 

["the Court;" Ford] 51 ; a Cap 
and Bells, a Favourite ; a broken 
Reed, a Court of Justice; an 
empty Tun, a General; a run- 
ning Sore, the Administration. 
"When ["Where;" Ford] this 
Method fails, they have two oth- 
ers more effectual; which the 
Learned among them call Acros- 
ticks, and Anagrams. First, they 
can decypher all initial Letters 
into political Meanings : Thus, N, 
shall signify a Plot; B, a Regi- 
ment of Horse; L, a Fleet at 
Sea. Or, secondly, by transpos- 
ing the Letters of the Alphabet, 
in any suspected Paper, they can 
lay open ["discover;" Ford] the 
deepest Designs of a discontent- 
ed Party. So for Example, if I 



51 In the* Faulkner ed. of 1752 this is spelled out, as by Ford. 



114 



GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 



iment of Horse, L a Fleet at 
Sea. Or secondly, by transpos- 
ing the Letters of the Alphabet 
in any suspected Paper, who can 
discover the deepest designs of 
a discontented Party. So for 
example, if I should say in a 
Letter to a Friend, Our Brother 
Tom has just got the Piles, a 
man of skill in this Art would 
discover how the same Letters 
which compose that Sentence, 
may be analyzed ["into," 1st 
ed.] in the following words;" 



CHAP. VII 

101.18 "I desired that the Sen- 
ate of Rome might appear before 
me in one large Chamber, and 
an Assembly of somewhat a lat- 
ter Age, in Counterview in an- 
other." 



should say in a Letter to a 
Friend, Our Brother Tom hath 
["has;" Ford] just got the Piles; 
a Man of Skill in this Art ["a 
skillful Decypherer ;" Ford] 
would discover how ["that" for 
"how;" Ford] the same Letters 
which compose that Sentence, 
may be analyzed into the follow- 
ing Words; Resist, — a Plot is 
brought home — The Tour." 

(The above, from p. 90, agrees 
with Ford, except as noted, and 
except as to some differences of 
punctuation, etc. Note, that 
Faulkner avoids tautology in 
substituting "how" for "that.") 

249.18 "I desired that the Sen- 
ate of Rome might appear before 
me in one large Chamber, and a 
modern Representative, in Coun- 
terview, in another." (The same 
in Ford.) 



PART IV 



chap, rv 

48.18 . . . "that faculty of 
Lying, so perfectly well under- 
stood among human Creatures." 



chap, v 

65.13 "There are likewise a 
kind of Princes in Europe, not 
able to make War by themselves, 
who hire out their Troops to 
richer Nations, for so much a 
Day to each Man; of which they 
keep three fourths to them- 
selves, and it is the best part of 
their Maintenance; such are 



308.9 . . . "that Faculty of 
Lying, so perfectly well under- 
stood, and so universally prac- 
tised among human Creatures." 
(Original with Faulkner, and 
copied by Hawkesworth.) 

318.11 "There is likewise a 
Kind of beggarly Princes in Eu- 
rope, not able to make War by 
themselves, who hire out their 
Troops to richer Nations for so 
much a Day to each Man; of 
which they keep three Fourths 
to themselves, and it is the best 
Part of their Maintenance; such 



THE FORD CORRECTIONS 



115 



those in many Northern Parts 
of Europe." 

69.15 "Therefore he desired to 
be farther satisfied what I meant 
by Law, and what sort of Dis- 
pensers thereof it could be by 
whose Practices the Property of 
any Person could be lost, in- 
stead of being preserved. He 
added, he saw not what great 
Occasion there could be for this 
thing called Law, since all the 
Intentions and Purooses of it 
may be fully answered by fol- 
lowing the Dictates of Nature 
and Reason, which are sufficient 
Guides for a reasonable Ani- 
mal, as we pretended to be, in 
shewing us what we ought to 
do, and what to avoid. 

"I assured his honour, that Law 
was a Science wherein I had not 
much conversed, having little 
more Knowledge of it than what 
I had obtained by employing Ad- 
vocates, in vain, upon some in- 
justices that had been done me, 
and by conversing with some 
others who by the same Method 
had first lost their substance and 
then left their own country un- 
der the Mortification of such 
Disappointments, however I 
would give him all the Satis- 
faction I was able. 

"I said that those who made 
profession of this Science were 
exceedingly multiplied, being al- 
most equal to the Caterpillars in 
Number; that they were of di- 
verse Degrees, Distinctions and 
Denominations. The numerous- 



are those in many ["in Germany 
and other;" Ford] Northern 
parts of Europe." (Even Faulk- 
ner, in 1735, did not dare print 
Ford's substitute.) 

320.18 "Therefore he desired 
to be farther satisfied what I 
meant by Law, and the Dispens- 
ers thereof, according to the 
present Practice in my own 
Country: Because he thought, 
Nature and Reason were suffi- 
cient Guides for a reasonable 
Animal, as we pretended to be, 
in shewing us what we ought to 
do, and what to avoid. [The 
same in Ford.] 

"I assured his Honour, that 
Law was a Science wherein I 
had not much conversed, furth- 
er than by employing Advocates, 
in vain, upon some Injustices 
that had been done me. How- 
ever, I would give him all the 
Satisfaction I wasl able. [The 
same in Ford.] 

"I said there was a Society of 
Men among us, bred up from 
their Youth in the Art of prov- 
ing by Words multiplied for the 
Purpose, that White is Black, 
and Black is White, according 
as they are paid. To this So- 
ciety all the rest of the People 
are Slaves. [The same in 
Ford.] 

"For example if my Neighbor 
hath a mind to my Cow, he 
hires a Lawyer to prove that he 
ought to have my Cow from 
me. I must then hire another 
to defend my Right; it being 
against all Rules of Law that 



116 



GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 



ness of those that dedicated 
themselves to this Profession 
were such that the fair and justi- 
fiable Advantage and Income of 
the Profession was not sufficient 
for the decent and handsome 
Maintenance of Multitudes of 
those who followed it. Hence 
it came to pass that it was found 
needful to supply that by Arti- 
fice and Cunning, which could 
not be procured by just and hon- 
est Methods : The better to bring 
which about, very many Men 
among us were bred up from 
their Youth in the Art of prov- 
ing by Words multiplied for the 
purpose, that White is Black, 
and Black is White, according 
as they are paid. The Greatness 
of these Mens Assurance and 
the Boldness of their Preten- 
sions gained upon the Opinion of 
the Vulgar, whom in a Manner 
they made Slaves of, and got 
into their Hands much the larg- 
est share of the Practice of their 
Profession. These Practitioners 
were by Men of Discernment 
called Pettifoggers, (that is, 
Confounders, or rather, Destroy- 
ers of Right), 52 as it was my ill 



Hap as well as the Misfortune 
of my suffering Acquaintance to 
be engaged only with this Spe- 
cies of the Profession. I de- 
sired his Honour to understand 
the Description I had to give, 



any Man should be allowed to 
speak for himself. Now in this 
Case, I who am the true 
["right;" Ford] Owner lie un- 
der two great Disadvantages. 
First, my Lawyer being prac- 
tised almost from his Cradle in 
defending Falshood; is quite out 
of his Element when he would 
be an Advocate for ["of ;" Ford] 
Justice, which as an Office un- 
natural, he always attempts with 
great Awkwardness, if not with 
["great Awkwardness, if not 
with" are omitted by Ford] Ill- 
will. The second Disadvantage 
is, that my Lawyer must proceed 
with great Caution; Or else he 
will be reprimanded by the 
Judges, and abhorred by his 
Brethren, as one who ["that;" 
Ford] would lessen the Practice 
of the Law. And therefore I 
have but two Methods to pre- 
serve my Cow. 

"The first is, to gain over my 
Adversary's Lawyer with a dou- 
ble Fee; who will then betray 
his Client, by insinuating that he 
hath Justice on his Side. The 
second Way is for my Lawyer 
to make my Cause appear as un- 
just as he can, by allowing the 
Cow to belong to my Adversary ; 
and this if it be skilfully done, 
will certainly bespeak the Fav- 
our of the Bench. [The same in 
Ford.] 

"Now, your Honour is to know, 
that these Judges are Persons 

52 This sentence should end at "Right," and the next lines be 
combined with what follows, to-wit: "As it was &c. . . to be en- 
gaged only with this Species of the Profession, I desired," etc. 



THE FORD CORRECTIONS 



117 



and the Ruin I had complained 
of to relate to these Sectaries 
only ; and how and by what means 
the Misfortunes we met with 
were brought upon us by the 
Management of these Men, 
might be more easily conceived 
by explaining to him their Meth- 
od of Proceeding, which could 
not be better done than by giv- 
ing him an Example. 

"My Neighbour, said I, I will 
suppose, has a mind to my Cow, 53 
he hires one of these advocates 
to prove that he ought to have 
my Cow from me. I must then 
hire another of them to defend 
my right, it being against all 
Rules of Law that any man 
should be allowed to speak for 
himself. Now in this case, I 
who am the right Owner lie un- 
der two great Disadvantages. 
First, my Advocate, being as I 
said before practised almost 
from his Cradle in defending 
Falshood, is quite out of his 
Element when he would argue 
for Right, which as an Office 
unnatural he attempts with 
great Awkwardness, if not with 
an Ill-will. The second disad- 
vantage is that my Advocate 
must proceed with great Cau- 
tion; for, since the Maintenance 
of so many depends on the keep- 



appointed to decide all Contro- 
versies of Property, as well as 
for the Tryal of Criminals; and 
picked out from the most dex- 
trous Lawyers who are grown 
old or lazy; And having been by- 
assed all their Lives against 
Truth and Equity, lie ["are;" 
Ford] under such a fatal Ne- 
cessity of favouring Fraud, 
Perjury and Oppression; that 
I have known some ["sev- 
eral;" Ford] of them, to have 
refused ["refuse;" Ford] a large 
Bribe from the Side where Jus- 
tice lay, rather than injure the 
Faculty, by doing any thing 'un- 
becoming their Nature or their 
Office. _ 

"It is a Maxim among these 
Lawyers, that whatever hath 
been done before, may legally be 
done again: And therefore they 
take special Care to record all 
the Decisions formerly made 
against common Justice and the 
general Reason of Mankind. 
These, under the Name of Pre- 
cedents, they produce as Author- 
ities to justify the most Iniquit- 
ous Opinions; and the Judges 
never fail of directing ["decree- 
ing;" Ford] accordingly." 

(The above from page 69 
agrees with Ford's copy except 
as noted, and except as to some 



53 Towards ye end &c manifestly most barbarously corrupted, full 
ot flatness, Cant Words, and Softenings unworthy the Dignity 
bpint, Candour & Frankness of the Author. By that admirable In- 
stance of the Cow it is plain the Satyr is design'd against the Pro- 
fession in general, & not only against Attorneys, or, as they are 
there smartly styl'd, Pettifoggers. You ought in justice to restore 
these twelve Pages to the true Reading." (Ford's "paper") 



118 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

ing up of Business, should he slight differences of punctua- 
proceed too summarily, if he tion.) 
does not incur the Displeasure 
of his Superiors, he is sure to 
gain the Ill-will and Hatred of 
his Brethren, as being by them 
esteemed one that would lessen 
the Practice of the Law. This 
being the Case, I have but two 
Methods to preserve my Cow. 
The first is, to gain over my Ad- 
versaries Advocate with a dou- 
ble Fee; from the Manner and 
Design of whose Education be- 
fore mentioned it is easy to ex- 
pect he will be induced to drop 
his Client and let the Ballance 
fall on my side. The second 
way is for my Advocate not to 
insist on the Justice of my Cause, 
by allowing the Cow to belong 
to my Adversary; and this if it 
be dexterously and skilfully 
done will go a great way to- 
wards obtaining a favorable 
Verdict, it having been found, . 
from a careful Observation of 
Issues and Events, that the 
wrong side, under the Manage- 
ment of such Practitioners, has 
the fairer Chance for Success, 
and this more especially if it 
happens, as it did in mine and 
my Friend's Case, and may have 
done since, that the Person ap- 
pointed to decide all Controver- 
sies of Property as well as for 
the Tryal of Criminals, who 
should be taken out of the most 
knowing and wise of his Pro- 
fession, is by the Recommenda- 
tion of a great Favourite, or 
Court-Mistress chosen out of 
the Sect before mentioned, and 



THE FORD CORRECTIONS 119 

so, having been under a strong 
Biass all his Life against Equity 
and fair dealing, lies as it were 
under a fatal Necessity of fa- 
vouring, shifting, double dealing 
and Oppression, and besides 
through Age, Infirmity, and Dis- 
tempers grown lazy, unactive, 
and inattentive, and thereby al- 
most incapacitated from doing 
any thing becoming the Nature 
of his Imployment, and the Duty 
of his Office. 54 In such Cases, 
the Decisions and Determina- 
tions of Men so bred, and so 
qualified, may with Reason be 
expected on the wrong side of 
the Cause, since those who can 
take Harangue and Noise, (if 
pursued with Warmth, and 
drawn out into a Length,) for 
Reasoning, are not much to be 
wondered at, if they infer the 
weight of the Argument from 
the heaviness of the Pleading. 
It is a Maxim, among these 
Men, That whatever has been 
done before may legally be done 
again : And therefore they take 
special Care to record all the 
Decisions formerly made, even 
those which have through Ignor- 
ance or Corruption contradicted 
the Rules of Common Justice 
and the general Reason of Man- 
kind. These, under the Name 
of Precedents, they produce as 
Authorities, and thereby en- 
deavour to justify the most in- 
iquitous Opinions; and they are 

54 The thought here is meant to be carried forward and this 
would be expressed by using a dash after "Office," instead of a 
period. 



120 



GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 



so lucky in this Practice, that it 
rarely fails of Decrees answer- 
able to their Intent and Expec- 
tation." 

77.3 "It is likewise to be ob- 
served that this Society hath a 
peculiar Cant and Jargon . . . 
whereby they have gone near to 
confound the very Essence of 
Truth and Falshood, of Right 
and Wrong: so that it may take 
Thirty Years to decide," etc. 

"In the Tryal of Persons ac- 
cused for Crimes against the 
State, the Method is much more 
short and commendable : For if 
those in power, who know well 
how to choose Instruments fit 
for their Purpose, take care to 
recommend and promote out of 
this Clan a proper Person, his 
Method of Education and Prac- 
tice makes it easy to him, when 
his Patron's Disposition is un- 
derstood, without Difficulty or 
Study either to condemn or ac- 
quit the Criminal, and at the 
same time strictly preserve all 
due Forms of Law." 

78.11 "Advocates." 
.15 "In answer to which I 
assured his Honour that the 
Business and Study of their own 
Calling and Profession so took 
up all their Thoughts and en- 
grossed all their Time, that they 
minded nothing else, and that 
therefore, in all points out of 
their own Trade, many of them 
were of so great Ignorance and 
Stupidity, that it was hard to 
pick out of any Profession a 
Generation of Men more despic- 



322.29 "It is likewise to be ob- 
served, that this Society hath a 
peculiar Cant and Jargon . . . 
whereby they have wholly con- 
founded the very Essence of 
Truth and Falshood, of Right 
and Wrong; so that it will take 
Thirty Years to decide," etc. 
(The same in Ford.) 

323.5 "In the Tryal of Persons 
accused for Crimes against the 
State, the Method is much more 
short and commendable: The 
Judge first sends to sound the 
Disposition of those in Power; 
after which he can easily hang 
or save the Criminal, strictly 
preserving all the ["due;" Ford] 
Forms of Law." 



323.13 "Lawyers." (Ford.) 
.16 "In Answer to which, I as- 
sured his Honour, that in all 
Points out of their own Trade, 
they were usually ["usually" is 
omitted by Ford] the most ig- 
norant and stupid Generation 
among us, the most despicable 
in common Conversation, avowed 
Enemies to all Knowledge and 
Learning; and equally disposed 
to pervert the general Reason of 
Mankind, in every other Subject 
of Discourse, as in that of their 
own Profession." 

324. (Chapter heading altered 
to meet change of text. Accord- 
ing to Ford, it is "A Continua- 
tion of the State of England. 
The Character of a first Min- 
ister.") 



THE FORD CORRECTIONS 



121 



able in common Conversation, or 
who were so much looked upon 
as avowed Enemies to all 
Knowledge and Learning, being 
equally disposed to pervert the 
general reason of Mankind in 
every other Subject of Discourse 
as in that of their own Calling." 

CHAP. VI 

90.12 "I told him, that our She 
Governor or Queen having no 
Ambition to gratify, no Inclin- 
ation to satisfy of extending her 
Power to the Injury of her 
Neighbours, or the Prejudice of 
her own Subjects, was therefore 
so far from needing a corrupt 
Ministry to carry on or cover 
any sinister Designs, that she 
not only directs her own Ac- 
tions to the Good of her People, 
conducts them by the Direction, 
and restrains them within the 
Limitation of the Laws of her 
own Country; but submits the 
Behaviour and Acts of those She 
intrusts with the Administration 
of Her Affairs to the Examina- 
tion of Her great Council, and 
subjects them to the Penalties 
of the Law; and therefore never 
puts any such Confidence in any 
of her Subjects as to entrust 
them with the whole and entire 
Administration of her Affairs: 
But I added, that in some form- 
er Reigns here, and in many 
other Courts of Europe now, 
where Princes grew indolent and 
careless of their own Affairs 
through a constant Love and 
Pursuit of Pleasure, they made 
use of such an Administrator, as 
I had mentioned, under the Ti- 



310.1 (330.1 ) "I told him, that a 
First or Chief Minister of State, 
whom, ["who was the Person;" 
Ford] I intended to describe, 
was a Creature wholly exempt 
from Joy and Grief, Love and 
Hatred, Pity and Anger ; at least 
makes ["made;" Ford] use of no 
other Passions but a violent De- 
sire of Wealth, Power, and Ti- 
tles;" 



122 



GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 



tie of first or chief Minister of 
State, the Description of which, 
as far as it may be collected 
not only from their Actions, but 
from the Letters, Memoirs, and 
Writings published by them- 
selves, the Truth of which has 
not yet been disputed, may be 
allowed to be as follows : That 
he is a Person wholly exempt 
from Joy and Grief, Love and 
Hatred, Pity and Anger; at 
least makes use of no other 
Passions but a violent Desire of 
Wealth, Power and Titles;" 

93.14 "by an Act of Indemnity 
(whereof I described the Na- 
ture to him) they secured them- 
selves from after Reckonings, 
and retired from the Publick, 
laden with the Spoils of the Na- 
tion." 



97.1 "her Neighbors, or Ac- 
quaintance, in order to improve 
and continue the Breed. That 
a weak diseased Body, a meager 
Countenance, and sallow Com- 
plexion, are no uncommon 
Marks of a Great Man; and a 
healthy robust Appearance is so 
far disgraceful in a Man of 
Quality, that the World is apt 
to conclude his real Father to 
have been one of the inferiors 
of the Family, especially when 
it is seen that the Imperfections 
of his Mind run parallel with 
those of his Body and are little 
else than a Composition of 
Spleen, Dulness, Ignorance, Ca- 
price, Sensuality, and Pride." 



310.31 (330.31) "by an Exped- 
ient called an Act of Indemnity 
(whereof I described the Nature 
to him) they secure themselves 
from After-reckonings, and re- 
tire," etc. [Present tense used to 
correspond to "preserve them- 
selves" several lines above. Ford 
lets the past tense stand in each 
case.] 

332.26 "her Neighbors, or Do- 
mesticks, in order to improve 
and continue the Breed. That, a 
weak diseased Body, a meager 
Countenance, and ["a" for "and;" 
Ford] sallow Complexion, are 
the true Marks of noble Blood; 
and a healthy robust Appearance 
is so disgraceful in a Man of 
Quality, that the World con- 
cludes his real Father to have 
been a Groom or a Coachman. 
The Imperfections of his Mind 
run parallel with those of his 
Body; being a Composition of 
Spleen, Dulness, Ignorance, Ca- 
price, Sensuality and Pride. 

Without the Consent of this 
illustrious Body, no Law can be 



THE FORD CORRECTIONS 



123 



CHAP. VII 

107.22 "our Courts of Equity, 
would seldom have dismissed 
the Cause while either of them 
had any thing left." 

109.19 "called Hnea-Yahoo or 
the Yahoo's-Evil, and the Cure 
prescribed is a Mixture of their 
own Dung and Urine forcibly 
put down the Yahoo's Throat. 
This I have since often taken 
myself and do freely recom- 
mend," etc. 

[The above is the reading of 
the 1st ed. and may have been 
due to the malice of the printer's 
devil.] "This I have since often 
known to have been taken with 
Success, and do freely recom- 
mend," etc. [This is the reading 
of the 4th (8vo.) and subsequent 
editions, and is the same in Ford.] 

CHAP. XI 

176.17 "of my Veracity, and 
the rather because he confessed 
he met with a Dutch Skipper, 
who pretended to have landed 
with Five others of his Crew 
upon a certain Island or Con- 
tinent South of New Holland, 
where they went for fresh 
Water, and observed a Horse 
driving before him several Ani- 
mals exactly resembling those I 
described under the Name of 
Yahoos, with some other par- 
ticulars, which the Captain said 
he had forgot; because he then 



enacted ["made" for "enacted;" 
Ford], repealed, or altered: And 
these Nobles have ["these have;" 
Ford] likewise the Decision of 
all our Possessions without Ap- 
peal." (The same in Ford.) 

339.19 "our Courts of Equity, 
would never," etc. (The same 
in Ford.) 

340.21 "This I have since often 
known to have been taken with 
Success : And do here freely," 
etc. (Ford omits "here.") 



379.1 "of my veracity. But he 
added," (Ford does not alter 
this passage, but Faulkner and 
Dennis omit it.) 



124 



GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 



concluded them all to be Lies. 
But he added," 

CHAP. XII 

194.24 "However, if those 
whom it more concerns, ["may 
concern," 1st ed.] think fit to be 
of another Opinion, I am ready 
to depose, when I shall be law- 
fully called, That no European 
did ever visit these Countries 
before me. I mean, if the In- 
habitants ought to be believed; 
unless a Dispute may arise about 
the two Yahoos, said to have been 
seen many Ages ago in a Moun- 
tain in Houyhnhnm-land, from 
whence the Opinion is, that the 
Race of those Brutes hath de- 
scended; and these, for any 
thing I know, may have been 
English, which indeed I was apt 
to suspect from the Lineaments 
of their Posterity's Counten- 
ances, although very much de- 
faced. But, how far that will 
go to make out a Title, I leave 
to the Learned in Colony-Law." 

The above passages printed by Faulkner agree very closely 
with those of the Ford copy — nearly enough to confirm the 
conclusion that Faulkner's statement in his "Advertisement" 
referred to the Ford or a similar copy, of which he actually 
had the use. Faulkner thus gave Swift the satisfaction of 
seeing the "sting" restored to most of the passages from 
which Motte had withdrawn it. In a few cases, however, 
even Faulkner was unwilling to go to the length to which 
Ford had urged Motte, as for example, to print "a Sink, the 
Court." He would not even go as far as Motte had gone — 
"a Court" — but printed "a C — t." On the other hand, he 
doubtless humored Swift, by giving or allowing a wider ap- 
plication to some of his innuendoes. 



389.13 "However, if those 
whom it may concern ["more 
concerns;" Ford], think fit to 
be of another Opinion, I am 
ready to depose, when I shall 
be lawfully called, That no Eu- 
ropean did ever visit these Coun- 
tries before me. I mean, if the 
Inhabitants ought to be believ- 
ed." (Dennis adds to the fore- 
going: "unless a dispute may 
arise about the two Yahoos, said 
to have been seen many ages 
ago on a mountain in Houy- 
hnhnm-land." The rest of the 
passage is omitted by Faulkner, 
Hawkesworth, Sheridan, and 
Dennis. Ford is silent. Swift's 
words are too strong for an 
English ear, even two hundred 
years away. Possibly, however, 
Swift relented in this instance, 
and consented to expunge this 
brutal slur on his countrymen.) 



CONTENTS OF BIBLIOGRAPHY 



LIST OF EDITIONS OF GULLIVER'S TRAVELS, 
MAINLY FROM A PRIVATE COLLECTION 



GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND 

FRANCE 

BELGIUM 

GERMANY 

HOLLAND — DUTCH 

HOLLAND — FRENCH 

ITALY 

SPAIN 

SWEDEN 

NORTH AMERICA 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 

NOTE. Abbreviations will be used in the appended list as fol- 
lows : 
Travels. . .World = Travels into several remote nations 

of the world. 
Four = In four parts. 

Lemuel ... Ships = By Lemuel Gulliver, first a surgeon 

and then a captain of several ships. 
Swift . . . Dean = Jonathan Swift, D.D., Dean of St. 

Patrick's, Dublin. 
S- P. == Separately paged. 

C. P. = Continuously paged. 



GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND 

LONDON 

1726 (Motte) Travels . . . World. Four. Lemuel . . . 
Ships. London: Printed for Benj. Motte, at the 
Middle Temple Gate in Fleet-street, mdccxxvi. 

2 v. Parts separately paged. Pp., pt. 1, xvi, 148; pt. 
2, vi (unnumbered), 164; pt. 3, vi (unnumbered), 155; 
pt. 4, viii (unnumbered), 199; front, (port) ; 5 maps, 1 
plan; cm. 19J. 

First edition. Published in two sizes; large paper 
(cm. 23.3) with port, in first state, and ordinary size (cm. 
19£) with port, in first or in second state. (Pis. I-VI, 
IX.) 

1726 (Motte) Same title and imprint as first edition. 

M,DCC,XXVI. 

2 v. Parts separately paged. Pp., pt. 1, xii, 148; pt. 2, 
vi (unnumbered), 164; pt. 3, vi (unnumbered), 154; pt. 4, 
viii (unnumbered), 199; plates as above; cm. 19£. 



128 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

Second edition. Ordinary size only. The three title 
pages of v. 1 are identical with those o£ the first edition. 
The text of v. 2 is found with two different general title 
pages : Type A has on it "The Second Edition" ; Type B, 
in the line below "Gulliver," has "Vol. II," and is the 
same as that of the third edition (continuous pagination). 
Portrait in second state. (Pis. II-IV, VII, VIII, IX, 
XL). 

1726 (Motte) Same title and imprint as the two preced- 
ing editions. m,dcc,xxvi. 

2 v. Each volume continuously paged. Pp., v. 1, xii 
(last four unnumbered), 148, and vi (unnumbered), 149- 
310; v. 2, vi (unnumbered), 154, and viii (unnumbered), 
155-353; plates as above; cm. 19^2. 

Third edition. Variant: Type C. Has the prelimi- 
nary leaves and the text of parts 1 and 3 of the c. p. edi- 
tion of 1726, with parts 2 and 4 entire, of the (s. p.) edi- 
tion of 1727, thus apparently making a fourth (s. P.) 
edition of l726. No copy in contemporary binding has 
been noted. Portrait in second state. (Pis. VII, VIII.) 

DUBLIN 

1726 (Hyde) Travels . . . World. Four. Lemuel . . . 
Ships. In this Impression, several ERRORS in 
the London Edition are Corrected. Dublin : Print- 
ed by and for J. Hyde, Bookseller in Dame's Street, 
1726. 

(PI. XX.) 

2 v. in 1. Pp., x (unnumbered) (2), 274; 5 maps, 1 
plan; cm. 16*. 

No port, in copy examined. 

LONDON 

1726 (No pub.) A KEY, being Observations and Ex- 
planatory Notes upon the Travels of Lemuel Gul- 
liver. By Signor Corolini, a noble Venetian now 
residing- in London. In a Letter to Dean SwiFT. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 129 

Translated from the Italian Original. Qui vult, 
Lector, incipi decipiatur, Out comes the Book, and 
the Key follows after. London: Printed in the 
year mdccxxvi. Price Six Pence. 

Pp., 29 (3, book ads. by H. Curll) ; cm. 19^. 
This (first) letter is sometimes preceded by a plate 
and this title-page : 

Lemuel Gulliver's Travels into several remote Nations 
of the World. Compendiously methodized, for pub- 
lick Benefit; with Observations and Explanatory Notes 
throughout. 

The Mind of the Frontispiece. 
Above, the Lilliputian- Scene survey; 
Beneath, see Flimnap, by his Wand, bear sway. 



LONDON : 

Printed in the year MDCCXXVI. 
Price 2s. 6d. 
The above is followed by a leaf — a poem headed: — 
Verses writ in the Blank Leaf of a Lady's GULLI- 
VER, as it lay open, in an Apartment of St. James's 
Palace. 

1726 The Brobdingnagians. Being a KEY to Gulli- 
ver's Voyage to Brobdingnag. In a Second Letter 
to Dean SWIFT. 

Such Policy, such Arts, and such Decorum, 
Has not been seen in any State before 'em. 

Hesiod, aut al. 

London : Printed in the year mdccxxvi. Price Six 
Pence. 
Pp. 32; cm. \%. 

1726 The Flying Island, etc. Being a KEY to Gulli- 
ver's Voyage to 

Laputa, _ || Luggnagg, 

Balnibarbi, j j and 

Glubbdubdribb, Japan. 



130 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

In a Third Letter to Dean SWIFT 



Laputians here behold with wond'ring Byes, 

And see the Stocks in Balnibarbi rise ; 

Luggnaggian Muftis bear away the Bell, 

And Glubbdubdribbians call up Sprites from Hell: 

The Japanese in fam'd Exploits are found, 

And long have been by Ogilby renown' d. 

GULLIVER. 

LONDON : Printed in the Year mdccxxvi. Price 
Six Pence. 
Pp. 32; cm. 19i 

1726 The Kingdom of Horses. Being a KEY to Gul- 
liver's Voyage to the Houyhnhnms. In a Fourth 
Letter to Dean SWIFT. 

Here, Rochester's Remark's made good, at least, 
Man, differs more from Man; than Man from 
Beast. 

London: Printed in the Year mdccxxvi. Price 
Six Pence. 
Pp. 28; cm. 19i. 

1727 (Motte). Travels . . . World. Four. Lemuel 
. . . Ships. London: Printed for Benj. Motte, at 
the Middle Temple-Gate in Fleet-street. m,dcc,- 
xxvii. 

2 v. Each vol. continuously paged. Pp. : pt. I., xii (iii 
to vi numbered), 122; pt. 2, vi (unnumbered), 129-264; 
pt. 3, vi (unnumbered), 118; pt. 4, vi (unnumbered), 
125-269; 5 maps, 5 plates; cm. 15£. 

Fourth Motte edition. Has the usual 5 maps and 1 
plate ; and 4 engraved plates of scenes. Some copies have 
the "Verses" of the 8vo ed. of this year. _ Some typo- 
graphical errors were evidently corrected during the press- 
work. No portrait. (PI. XVI.) 

1727 (Motte) Travels . . . World. Four. Lemuel . . . 
Ships. To which are prefix'd Several Copies of 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 131 

VERSES Explanatory and Commendatory; never 
before printed. Vol. I. The Second Edition. 
[Vol. II — "The Second Edition, Corrected."] 
London: Printed for Benj. Motte, at the Middle 
Temple-Gate in Fleet-street. Mdcccxxvii. 

2 v. Parts separately paged. Pp., pt. 1, xii, 148; pt. 2, 
vi, 164; pt. 3, vi, 155, and pt. 4, viii, 199; 5 maps, 1 plan; 
cm. 19i. 

Fifth (4th 8vo.) Motte edition. Variant :— Type D. 
Has the five title pages, all the preliminary leaves at the 
'beginning of each volume, and the first leaf of the text 
of Vol. I of the s. p. ed. of 1727, with the text of both 
volumes after p. 2, including the "Contents" of Parts II 
and IV, of the c. p. ed. of 1726, thus apparently making 
a c. p. edition of 1727. Only one copy noted, and that 
was rebound. Portrait in second or in third state. (Pis. 
X, XIV, XV.) v 

1727 Travels . . . World. By Capt. Lemuel Gulliver. 
Vol. III. 

Accidit in Puncto, quod non speratur in Anno. 
Gaudent securi narrare pericula nautae. 

London: Printed in the Year m.dcc.xxvii. 

In two parts. Pp. vi, 118, and viii, 159; cm. 19*. (Half 
title). " 

This volume, not by Swift, contains "A Second voyage 
to Brobdingnag," "A Voyage to Sporunda," and "A Voy- 
age to Sevarambia," the last named being stolen from 
"History of the Sevarites or Sevarambes," by Denis de 
Veiras, first published at London in 1675-1679. (Cf. Fritz 
Bruggemann. Utopie und Robinsonaden, Weimar, 1914. 
p. 152, Note.) 

1727 (Stone) Travels . . . World. By Capt. Lemuel 
Gulliver. Faithfully abridged. London: Printed 
for J. Stone, against Bedford-Row, and R. King, 
at the Prince's-Arms in St. Paul's Church-yard. 

MDCCXXVII. 

(PI. XXI.) 



132 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

4 parts in 1 v. Pages numbered as of two volumes. 
Pp. viii or xiv, 159, and 175(4) ; front, (port.) ; cm. 16. 

General t.p.; and separate t.p. to Pt. 2 only, (pp. 71-74, 
Contents to Pt. 2.) After the preface some copies have 
2 pp. of "Contents" (to Pt. 1) ; others — "A key and com- 
plete index to Captain Gulliver's Travels" — 8 numbered pp. 

DUBLIN 

1727 (Risk) Travels . . . World. Vol. I. Containing 
Part I. A Voyage to Lilliput. Part II. A Voy- 
age to Brobdingnag. By Lemuel Gulliver, First a 
Surgeon, and then a Captain of several Ships. 
With Cuts and Maps of the Author's Travels. 
Dublin: Printed by S. P. for G. Risk, G. Ewing, 
and W. Smith, in Dame's-street, Mdccxxvii. 

2 v. in 1 ; cm. 16J. 

The copy in the Yale library has a portrait of Swift, 
by Cook, pasted on the fly leaf opposite the t. p. Copy not 
examined. 

LONDON 

1727 (Roberts) Memoirs of the Court of Lilliput. 
Written by Captain Gulliver. Containing an Ac- 
count of the Intrigues, and some other particular 
Transactions of that Nation, omitted in the two 
Volumes of his Travels. Published by Lucas 
Bennett, with a Preface, showing how these Pa- 
pers fell into his hands. London: Printed for J. 
Roberts, near the Oxford-Arms in Warwick-Lane. 
m.dccxxvii. (Price 2s.) 

Pp., viii, 159; cm. 19 J. 

At least two editions were published in 1727. 

1727 (Roberts) Gulliver Decypher'd; or Remarks on 
a late Book, intitled, Travels into several remote 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 133 

Nations of the World. By Capt. Lemuel Gulliver. 
Vindicating the Reverend Dean on whom it is ma- 
liciously Father 'd. With some probable Conjec- 
tures concerning the Real Author. 

Sit mihi fas audita loqui: sit numine vestro 
Pandere res alta terra & caligine mersas. 

Virg. AEn. 6. 

London: Printed for J. Roberts, near the Ox- 
ford-Arms in Warwick-Lane: And Sold by the 
Booksellers of London and Westminster. (Price 
Is.) 
Pp. xiv, 49; cm. 20. (Half-title) 

1728 (Roberts) An Account of the State of Learning 
in the Empire of Lilliput. Together with the His- 
tory and Character of Buixum the Emperor's Li- 
brary-keeper. Faithfully transcribed out of Cap- 
tain Lemuel Gulliver's General Description of the 
Empire of Lilliput, mention'd in the 69th Page of 
the First Volume of his Travels. London : Printed 
for J. Roberts in Warwick-Lane, m dcc xxvii. 
Pp. 37; cm. 19|. 

1728 (Austen?) 

A rebound copy of the 4th (8vo.) Motte edition has 4 
leaves of book-advertisements at the end of Vol. II, 
among which, in "A catalogue of Books Printed for 
Stephen Austen, at the Angel over-against the North 
Door of St. Paul's, 1728," on p. 4, is the following: 
"Gulliver's Travels, 3 Vol. 8vo." This notice may refer 
to a Motte ed. with the spurious Vol. III. 

1731 (Motte) Travels . . . World. Four. Lemuel . . . 
Ships. London. Printed for Benjamin Motte, at 
the Middle Temple-Gate in Fleet-street, m.dcc- 

XXXI. 
2 v.; cm. 16. 



134 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

For this edition the sheets of the 4th ed., 1727 (g. v.), 
have been taken, and new title pages set. In the copy 
examined there is no separate title-page for Part I. The 
copy contains the 12 pp. of Verses. 

DUBLIN 

1735 (Faulkner) Volume III, of the Author's Works. 
Containing Travels into several remote Nations of 
the World. In Four Parts, viz. I. A Voyage to 
Lilliput. II. A Voyage to Brobdingnag. III. A 
Voyage to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnagg, Glubb- 
dubdrib and Japan. IV. A Voyage to the Country 
of the Houyhnhnms. By Lemuel Gulliver, first a 
Surgeon, and then a Captain of several Ships. 
Retroq; Vulgus abhorret ab his. In this Impres- 
sion several Errors in the London and Dublin 
Editions are corrected. Dublin: Printed by and 
for George Faulkner, Printer and Bookseller, in 
Essex-Street, opposite to the Bridge. Mdccxxxv. 

One of 4 vols.; pp. xx, 404; front, (port, of Gulliver), 
5 maps and 1 plan; cm. 19i (Pis. XVIII, XIX.) 

Pp. 392-404 are the Verses. Yale University Library 
reports 11 v. in this series, extending to 1763. The vols, 
after Vol. IV may rather belong with a later ed. Cf. 
infra, 1743. 

1735 (Faulkner) Volume III of the Authors Works 
containing, Travels into several remote Nations of 
the World. In four parts, viz. [&c., as in the 8vo 
ed. of the same year]. 

Pp. xii (unnumbered) viii, 336; front, (port, of Gulli- 
ver) ; 5 maps (1 wrongly numbered, and 2 folded) and 
1 plan; cm. 16i. 

The Verses occupy pp. 309-312, 332-336 (sic). 

Vol. I bears the title: "The Works of /. S., D.D., D.S. 
P.D. in four volumes. Containing, I. The Author's Mis- 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 135 

cellanies in Prose. II. His Poetical Writings. III. 
The Travels of Capt. Lemuel Gulliver. IV. His Papers 
relating to Ireland, consisting of several Treatises ; among 
which are, The Drapier's Letters to the People of Ire- 
land, against receiving Wood's Half-pence: Also, two 
Original Drapier's Letters, never before published. 



"In this Edition are great Alterations and Additions; 
and likewise many Pieces in each Volume, never before 
published. 

"Dublin : Printed by and for George Faulkner, Printer 
and Bookseller, in Essex Street, opposite to the Bridge. 

M,DCC,XXXV." 

Issued after July. Cf. Motte to Swift, Works, etc., 
1843, II, 747. For facs. pis., cf. London ed. 1892. 

LONDON 

1742 (Bathurst) Travels . . . World. Four . . . Lemuel 
. . . Ships. The Fourth Edition, Corrected. Lon- 
don: Printed for Charles Bathurst, at the Cross- 
Keys in Fleet-Street, mdccxui. 

Pp. xii (unnumbered), 352; 5 maps, I plan; cm. 18. 
(Title-page in red and black.) 

Charles Bathurst is said to have been a partner of Ben- 
jamin Motte. In this edition he has apparently borrowed 
from the Faulkner text. Cf. p. 325.12. 

DUBLIN 

1743 (Faulkner) Title-page of Vol. Ill like that of 
1735, except imprint, which reads: "Dublin: 
Printed by and for George Faulkner, in Essex- 
street, opposite to the Bridge, mdccxuii;" and 
omission of reference to the London and Dublin 
editions. 

Pp. xx, 382; cm. 19J. 



136 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

Vol. I, 1746, has the title "The Works of Jonathan 
Swift, D.D., D.S.P.D., in Eight volumes, containing" 
[subjects of each voL], and published from 1741 to 1746. 
Dublin: Printed by George Faulkner, in Essex-Street 
M,d,cc,xlvi. Vol. Ill, pp. 370-382, contains verses. Vol. 
VII, 1751, Letters (1714-1738), is 5th ed. Cf. Faulkner 
ed., 1735. 

LONDON 

1747 (Bathurst) Travels . . . World. Four. Lemuel 
. . . Ships. The Fifth Edition, Corrected. Lon- 
don: Printed for Charles Bathurst, at the Cross- 
Keys in Fleet-Street, mdccxlvii. 

Pp. x, 296 ; 5 maps, 1 plan ; cm. 16J. (Title-page in red 
and black.) 

This is one (labeled 12) of a set of twelve volumes 
published between 1745 and 1749 with different imprints, 
the other volumes being "Miscellanies," Appears generally 
to follow the Faulkner text. 

1751 (Bathurst) Travels . . . World. Four. Lemuel 
. . . Ships. The Fifth Edition, Corrected. Lon- 
don ; Printed for Charles Bathurst and sold by T. 
Woodward, C. Davis, C. Hitch, R. Dodsley, and 
W. Bowyer. mdccu. 

Pp. x (unnumbered), 296; 5 maps, 1 plan; cm. 16£. 
(Title-page in red and black.) 

This is not the same issue as that of 1747, but is reset, 
and generally follows the Faulkner text. One of 14 vols. ? 

DUBLIN 

1752 (Faulkner) Vol. Ill* of the Author's Works, Con- 
taining 1 Travels into several remote Nations of the 
World. In Four Parts, viz. ... [as in previous 
Faulkner editions]. In this Impression several 
Errors in the former London and Dublin Editions 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 137 

are corrected. Dublin: Printed by and for Geo. 
Faulkner, in Essex-Street. Mdcclii. 

Pp. xi (+ iii of book-ads.), viii (Contents, unnum- 
bered), 302; front, (port, of Gulliver), 5 maps, 1 plan: 
cm. 17. Pp. 294-302 are the Verses. 

This is not a re-issue of the 12mo. ed. of 1735. The 
portrait, however, is the same, and appears to have been 
retouched. The text follows that of the editions of 1735, 
even repeating some typographical errors, and adding 
others. In Part III, Chapter VII is misnumbered 
VI, whereas in the 8vo. ed. of 1735, it is misnumbered V, 
as in all of the Motte editions. Cf. infra, 1772. 

LONDON 

1752 (Millar) Remarks on the Life and Writings of 
Dr. Jonathan Swift, Dean of St. Patrick's, Dub- 
lin, in a series of Letters from John Earl of Or- 
rery to his Son, the Honourable Hamilton Boyle. 
Haec sunt quae nostra liceat te voce moneri. 
Vade, Age. 

Virg. iEneid. 3. v. 461. 

London, Printed for A. Millar, opposite to Cath- 
arine-Street in the Strand. Mdcclii. 
Pp. ii, 339 (5 11. of index); port.; cm. 20i 

A "Second Edition, Corrected," was published the same 
year by Millar; and an edition in Dublin by Faulkner. 
Pp. iv, 339 (5 11. of index) ; port, of Swift; half-title with 
vign.; cm. 17. In the first London ed. pp. 157-158 were 
cancelled and a new leaf was substituted. 

1755 (Bathurst) Travels . . . World. Gulliver . . . 
Ships. Four. Part I. A Voyage to Lilliput. Part 
II. A Voyage to Brobdingnag. Part III. A Voy- 
age to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnagg, Glubbdub- 
drib, and Japan. Part IV. A Voyage to the Country 
of the Houyhnhnms. London, Printed for C. Bath- 
urst. MDCCLV. 



138 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

Pp. viii, 4, 286; 4 plates, 5 maps, 1 plan; cm. 27 (4to.). 

Vol. I, Part II of The Works of Jonathan Swift, D.D., 
Dean of St. Patrick's, Dublin, accurately revised in six 
volumes, adorned with copper-plates; with some account 
of the author's life, and notes historical and explanatory, 
by John Hawkesworth. London, Printed for C. Bathurst, 
C. Davis, C. Hitch and L. Hawes, J. Hodges, R. and J. 
Dodsley, and W. Bowyer. mdccxv. (Title in red and 
black.) The copper line-engravings, drawn and engraved 
by I. S. Miiller, have an ornamental border an inch wide, 
which was omitted in subsequent Hawkesworth 8vo. eds. 
(Fore-title.) Vols. VII and VIII are Letters from 1703 
to 1740. Printed by T. Davies and others, London, 1766. 

A dealer's catalogue advertises this ed. in 14 vols. 4to, 
1755-68? An ed. in 12 vols. 8vo, was also issued in 1755? 

1757 (Bathurst) Travels . . . World. Four. Lemuel 
. . . Ships. London : Printed for Charles Bathurst, 
at the Cross-Keys, in Fleet-Street, m.dcc.lvii. 
Pp. xii, 264, and xii, 283(5) ; 4 woodcuts; cm. 16£. 

No maps nor diagram ; in form much like the 24mo. ed. 
of Motte, 1727, but with the text changes found in prev- 
ious Bathurst eds. 

EDINBURGH 

1757 (Hamilton) The Works of Dr. Jonathan Swift, 
Dean of St. Patrick's, Dublin. Edinburgh: Print- 
ed for G. Hamilton, J. Balfour, & L. Hunter. 
m,dcc,i,vii. [8 v.] 

Pp. viii, 3-392; cm. 16i 

V. 2. Gulliver's Travels occupies the whole of this 
volume to p. 299, but has no separate title-page. B. P. L* 



* Boston Public Library. Copy not examined. Cita- 
tions from this source have not been verified. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 139 

LONDON 

1760 Bathurst ed. with t. p. like that of 1755. 

Pp. xvi, 292; 5 maps, 1 plan; cm. Yiy 2 . 
One of 14 vols.(?) Hawkesworth text. 

EDINBURGH 

1761 An Ed. of Swift's Works in 8 vols., 16mo, is listed 
as of Edinburgh, 1761. 

LONDON 

1765 (Bathurst) The Works of Dr. Jonathan Swift, 
Dean of St. Patrick's, Dublin. Vol. II. [Vol. 
II, Part II.] Containing Capt. Lemuel Gulliver's 
Travels into several remote Nations of the World. 
Parts I and II [Parts III and IV]. 
London: Printed for C. Bathurst, in Fleet-Street. 

MDCCLXV. 

2 v.; pp. xx, 200, and xvii-xxvi, 201-408; front, (port, 
of Gulliver), 5 maps, 1 plan; cm. 13. 

V. 2 of 24 v., 1765-75, according to Yale University 
Library. Editor, John Hawkesworth ("Sign" for "sign- 
post," Pt. II, Chap. VIII, p. 185). 

GLASGOW 

1765 (Knox) Travels . . . World. Four. Lemuel . . . 
Ships. Glasgow: Printed by James Knox, and 
sold at his Shop, near the Head of the Salt-mercat. 

M.DCCXXV. 

Pp. vi (Contents unnumbered), 3-9, 10-298; cm. 161. 
Evidently the Hawkesworth text. 

LONDON 

1766 (Bathurst) Travels . . . World. Gulliver . . . 



140 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

Ships. Four. Part I. A Voyage to Lilliput. Part 
II. A Voyage to Brobdingnag. Part III. A Voyage 
to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnagg, Glubbdubdrib, 
and Japan. Part IV. A Voyage to the Country of 
the Houyhnhnms. London : Printed for C. Bath- 
urst, mdcclxvi. 

Pp. (2) xvi, 292; 5 maps, 1 plan; cm. 17. (Fore-title.) 

Vol. II of the Works, &c, accurately revised, in 24 
vols.: 1-12 (1766) The Works &c, in 12 vols.; vols. 13-18 
(1766) the Six Last Vols, of the Works &c, with an 
Index to the whole ; vols. 19-21, Letters from 1703 
to 1740 (5th ed.) ; vols. 22-24, 1767, Letters from 1710 to 
1742 (collected by Deane Swift; 3rd ed. 1769). (Fore- 
title to vol. II : The Works of Dr. Jonathan Swift, Dean 
of St. Patrick's, Dublin, Vol. II, London: Printed for C. 
Bathurst, in Fleet-Street, mdccucvi.) Seven different 
imprints in the set. 

1766 (Turnbull) Travels . . . World. Four. By Cap- 
tain Lemuel Gulliver. London: Printed for P. 
Turnbull in St. Paul's Church-yard, mdcclxvi. 

2 vols. Pp., v. 1, xviii, 86, ii (unnumbered), and 95, ii 
(unnumbered) ; v. 2, ii, 87, iii (unnumbered), and 109, iv 
(unnumbered) ; cm. 19 i. 

This edition follows the Motte text, and has the Verses. 

1768 (Bathurst) Travels . . . World. Gulliver . . . 
Ships. Four. Part I. A Voyage to Lilliput. Part 
II. A Voyage to Brobdingnag. Part III. A Voyage 
to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnag, Glubbdubdrib, 
and Japan. Part IV. A Voyage to the Country of 
the Houyhnhnms. London: Printed for C. Bath- 
urst. mdcclxviii. 

Pp. xxii, 410; 4 plates, 5 maps, 1 plan; cm. 21. 

Vol. II of the Works &c, accurately revised, in 12 vols., 
with copper plates by J. S. Miiller. Fore-title, "The 
Works" &c, in red and black. Editor, John Hawkes- 
worth. V. I has the imprint "London: Printed for 
W. Bowyer, C. Bathurst, ... and B. Collins ;" Vols. 2 to 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 141 

6 and 12 have the imprint of C. Bathurst; vols. 7 to 
11, that of W. Bowyer, C. Bathurst &c. The Forster Li- 
brary cat. lists the foil, under "Works. 25 vol. 8vo" : Vols. 
1-14, 1768; vols. 15, 16. First collected by Deane Swift, 
and now reprinted with addit. notes, 1775; vol. 17, 1775; 
vols. 18-23, Letters, 1703-1740; vol. 24, appar. a supple- 
ment; vol. 25. "Suppl. II [XXV]." 

EDINBURGH 

1768 (Donaldson) Travels . . . World. Gulliver . . . 
Ships. In the Works of Dr. Jonathan Swift . . . 
Edinburgh, mdcclxviii. 

V. 4, pp. 307-390, v. 5, pp. ? ("copy not available"). 

V. 1 has the imprint "Edinburgh: Printed for A. Don- 
aldson MDCCirXVin. 13 v.; cm. 17. B. P. L. Copy not 
examined. 

DUBLIN 

1772 (Faulkner) The Travels of Lemuel Gulliver, first 
a Surgeon and then a Captain in several Ships, 
into several remote Nations of the World. In four 
parts. I. A Voyage to Lilliput. II. A Voyage to 
Brobdingnag. III. A Voyage to Laputa, Balni- 
barbi, Luggnag, Glubbdubdrib, and Japan. IV. A 
Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms. Dub- 
lin: Printed by George Faulkner. mdcclxxii. 

Pp. viii, 404; port, only; cm. 20£. 

Vol. Ill of The Works of the Reverend Dr. Jonathan 
Swift, Dean of St. Patrick's, Dublin. In twenty volumes. 
Containing [contents specified in double col.]. Includes 
three of the Verses of the Motte ed. of 1727. Vol. I 
has port, of Swift. Copy in V. & A. Mus., London 

1774 (Williams) Travels . . . World. Lemuel . . . 
Ships. Four. [Heads page 3 —"The Publisher to 
the Reader."] 

Pp. x, 3-310 (misnum. 210) ; cm. 17. 

Is a part of Vol. IV of "The Works of Jonath.a Swift, 



142 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

D.D : D.S.P.D. With notes historical and critical by J. 
Hawkesworth, LX.D. and others. Printed for J. Williams, 
Dublin: 1774." Set of 15 vols., each bearing the above 
title. Each Part has its sub-title at the head of its Chap. 1. 
Vol. IV ends at p. 414. 

Appears to be the Hawkesworth text, and contains notes 
of Hawkesworth found in earlier eds., voluminous quota- 
tions from Orrery, and notes of Mr. Deane Swift. Claims 
to be the first edition to print Swift's Letters in chron- 
ological order. 

LONDON 

1781 A Hawkesworth Ed. of Swift's works in 18 vols., 
sm. 8vo, is listed as of London, 1781. 

1782 (Harrison) Travels . . . World. Lemuel . . . 
Ships. In two Volumes. By Dean Swift. Lon- 
don : Printed for Harrison and Co., No. 18, Pater- 
noster-Row. M DCC LXXXII. 

Pp. 140; cm. 20£. 

Printed in double columns, in the Novelist's Magazine, 
Vol. IX. Four engravings after Stothard, by Angus, 
Heath, and Walker. One map and one plate printed in 
the text. No separate title-page to Vol. II. Reversion 
to the Motte text. 

1784 (Bathurst) Travels . . . World. Lemuel . . . 
Ships. Four. Part I. A Voyage to Lilliput [&c, 
as in ed. of 1768]. 

Pp. xiv (2 blank), 375; cm. 22. (Title-page in red and 
black.) 

Vol. VI of the Works &c, arranged, revised, and cor- 
rected, with notes, by Thomas Sheridan, A. M. A new 
ed., in 17 vols. This vol. has the imprint of C. Bath- 
urst; vols. 1, 3, 4 and 5, that of Bathurst and others; the 
other vols., that of W. Strahan and others. Vol. I is the 
Life of Swift, with ports, of Swift and Sheridan. A 
second ed. like the above was issued in 1787; also 8vo 
editions in 19 vols, in 1801, and 1808. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 143 

1784 (Elliot) Travels . . . World. Lemuel . . . Ships. 
Four. 

Pp. xii, 450; 4 plates, 5 maps, 1 plan, all by A. Bell; 
cm. 17. 

Notes by J. Hawkesworth, and others. Includes three 
of the Verses. The general title-page of the "Works" &c 
has the imprint, "London: Printed for Charles Elliot, 
Edinburgh, mdccxxxxiv." The half-title reads "Dr. 
Swift's Works, complete in eighteen volumes. Vol. V." 

EDINBURGH 

1787 (Elliot) The Travels of Lemuel Gulliver into sev- 
eral remote Nations of the World. Who was first 
a Surgeon, and then a Captain of several Ships. 
In four Parts. Illustrated with Copperplates. 
Edinburgh : Printed for C, Elliot. m.dcc.IvXxxvii. 

Pp. viii, 9-352; 4 plates, 5 maps, 1 plan; cm. 16J. 

Ten plates, by A. Bell, on hinges at end of volume. 

Pp. 345-352 are the Verses. 

LONDON 

1792 (Harrison) A reprint of the edition of 1782, by 
the same publisher. 

1808 (Walker) Gulliver's Travels into several remote 
Nations of the World. By Jonathan Swift, D.D., 
Dean of St. Patrick's, Dublin. With a sketch of 
his life. London ; Printed for J. Walker ; A. John- 
son [&c &c.]. 

Pp. xii (unn.) xiv, 15-322; front.; cm. 12^. 
Engraved title-page, extra; sep. t. p. to Pt. I. 

GAINSBOROUGH 

1809 (Mozley) Travels . . . World. Lemuel . . . Ships. 



144 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

Swift . . . Dean. A new edition. Gainsborough: 
Printed by and for H. Mozley. 1809. 
Pp., viii, 287; front, after Stothard; cm. 13J. 

EDINBURGH 

1812 (Ballantyne) Travels . . . World. Lemuel . . . 
Ships. Four. I. A Voyage to Lilliput. II. A 
Voyage to Brobdingnag. III. A Voyage to La- 
puta, Balnibarbi, Luggnagg, Glubbdubdrib, and Ja- 
pan. IV. A Voyage to the Country of the Houy- 
hnhnms. Splendide mendax. Hor. 

Pp. 1-114; cm. 23. 

The first of five reprints in Popular Romances, with an 
introductory dissertation by Henry Weber, Esq., published 
at Edinburgh by John Ballantyne and Company, Silvester 
Doig and Andrew Stirling, Edinburgh; Longman, Hurst, 
Rees, Orme, and Brown, and John Murray, London. 
1812. 

1814 (Constable) Title like preceding. 
Pp. (4)382; cm. 21. 

V. 12 of "The Works of Jonathan Swift, D.D., Dean of 
St. Patrick's, Dublin ; containing additional letters, tracts, 
and poems, not hitherto published; with notes and a life 
of the author, by Walter Scott, Esq., Edinburgh: 
Printed for Archibald Constable and Co., Edinburgh ; 
White, Cochrane, and Co. and Gale, Curtis, and Fenner, 
London; and John dimming, Dublin. 1814." 

An ed. with Scott's notes, &c, was published in 19 vols. 
8vo., both at London and at Boston, in 1883. 

GLASGOW 

1814 (Lumsden) The Adventures of Captain Gulliver 
in a Voyasre to Lilliput. Glasgow : Published by 
J. Lumsden & Son. 1814. 

Pp. 47; wood cut front, and illus. in text; cm. 10. 
New Ed. in 1815. ("Ross's Juvenile Library.") 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 145 

LONDON 

1819 (Walker) Gulliver's Travels . . . World. Swift 
. . . Dean. With a sketch of his life. London: 
Printed for J. Walker; F. C. and J. Rivington; 
[&c &c.]. By S. Hamilton, Whitefriars. 1819. 

Pp. xii (unn.), xiv, 15-322; front; cm. W/ 2 (uncut). 
Engraved title-page, extra; sep. t. p. to Pt. 1. 

1823 (McLean) Travels . . . World. Lemuel . . . Ships. 
Four. Part 1 [&c as in Ballantyne ed. of 1912.] 
Embellished with engravings. London: Printed 
for Hector McLean. 1823. 

Pp. 10 (unnumbered), i-xiv, 15-420; 4 plates; cm. 14jJ. 

V. 2 of "The Select Works of Jonathan Swift" &c, in 
five volumes. Plates engraved by Stalker and Noble. 

EDINBURGH 

1824 (Constable) "Second edition" [with same titles 
as ed. of 1814 by same publisher, this being v. 11 
of the series ( 16 v.) ] . Printed for Archibald Con- 
stable and Co., Edinburgh; and Hurst, Robinson, 
and Co., London. 

Pp. (2)378; cm. 21. 

The second edition edited by Sir Walter Scott. See 
1814. 

LONDON 

1824 (Baynes) Gulliver's Travels . . . World. Swift 
. . . Dean. With the life of the author. London : 
W. Baynes and Son . . . 1824. 

Pp. 278; plate; cm. \2\. 

Engraved title-page, drawn by H. Corbould and en- 
graved by G. Corbould. B. P. L. Copy not examined. 



146 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

1824 (?) Travels . . . World. Lemuel . . . Ships Four, 
&c (as in Edinburgh ed. of 1812). 

Pp. 1-209; cm. ?. (In "The Novels of Swift, Bage, 
and Cumberland? Ballantyne's Novelists' Library, v. 9. 
London. 1824.) B. P. L. Copy not examined. 

1826 (Jones) Gulliver's Travels. By Jonathan Swift, 
D.D., In two volumes. London: Published by- 
Jones & Company, 3, Acton Place, Kingsland Road. 
1826. 

Pp. xxviii, 200, and viii, 210; port, of Swift, 1 plate, 
2 engraved t. p.'s (See 1830); cm. 104 (uncut). ("Uni- 
versity Edition"; Labeled "Diamond Classics.") 

1828 (Jones) Gulliver's Travels . . . World. By Jona- 
than Swift, D.D. With a sketch of his life. Lon- 
don: Published by Jones & Company, [&c.]. 1828. 

Pp. xii, 103; cm. 18. 

"Jones's Cabinet Edition of Classic Tales." 

1829 (Brown) Gulliver's Travels . . . World. Swift 
. . . Dean. With the life of the author. London : 
Printed and published by R. Brown, 26, St. John- 
street, Clerkenwell, 1829. 

Pp. (2) ii, 140; 5 f. p. wood cuts; cm. 19i (uncut). 

The plate opposite p. 117 has reference to p. 209 and 
may have been made for another edition. 

1830 (Jones) [Reissue of the edition of 1826, apparent- 
ly the same sheets, but with the imprint] "Lon- 
don: Published by Jones & Company, Temple of 
the Muses, (late Lackington's) Finsbury Square. 
1830. 

1837 (Allman) Gulliver's Travels . . . World. Swift 
. . . Dean. With a short biographical account of 
the author. London: Printed for T. Allman, 42, 
Holborn Hill, 1837. 
Pp. 342; front.; cm. 13. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 147 

1843 (Bohn) The Works of Jonathan Swift, D.D., and 
Dean of Saint Patrick's, Dublin : Containing inter- 
esting and valuable papers, not hitherto published. 
In two volumes. With memoir of the author, by 
Thomas Roscoe; portrait and autograph [Extract 
from Sir Walter Scott] . London : Henry G. Bohn, 
York Street, Covent Garden. 1843. 

2 v., pp. lxxxiv, 844, and iv, 854; cm. 24. 

Printed in double columns. Gulliver's Travels, pp. 1-81. 

1844 (Allman) Reissue of the edition of 1837 by T. 
Allman. 

Only Hi cm., and 32 mo. instead of 24 mo. 

1845 (Nodes) Gulliver's Travels . . . World. Swift . . . 
Dean. With a sketch of his life. London : George 
Nodes, 1845. 

Pp. xvi, 271 ; plate ; cm. 12. 

Engraved t. p. drawn by K. Meadows and engraved by 
T. Phillibrown. B. P. L,. Copy not examined. 

1847 (Burns) Travels . . . World. A new edition, re- 
vised for general use. London : James Burns, 17, 
Portman Street, Portman Square, 1847. 
Pp. viii, 216; cm. 13J. 
4 full-page plates by Phiz, engraved by Cooper. 

EDINBURGH 

1859 (Black) A Voyage to Lilliput, by Lemuel Gulli- 
ver, with a sketch of the life of Swift. Edinburgh : 
Adam and Charles Black. 1859. 

Pp. vi, 127; cm. 16. 

Engraved title. Harvard U. L. Copy not examined. 

LONDON 

1864 (Beeton) Gulliver's Travels . . . World. Swift 



148 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

. . . Dean. With a memoir of the author. Illus- 
trated with upwards of 300 wood-engravings, from 
designs by J. G. Thomson, engraved by W. L. 
Thomas. London: S. O. Beeton, 248, Strand, 
W.C. 1864. 

Pp. xxxvi, 364; extra col'd t. p. and col'd front.; cm. 21. 
Gen. half-title, and half-title to each Part. 

Contains the Verses of the Motte ed. of 1727, and two 
South Sea ballads. 

1864 (Bohn) Gulliver's Travels . . . World. Swift . . . 
Dean. With a life of the author. Embellished with 
numerous wood-engravings. London: Henry G. 
Bohn, York Street, Covent Garden, 1864. 
Pp., (4 unnumbered) xxxii, 306; front.; cm. 22. 

Contains the Verses &c in the Beeton ed. of the same 
year. 

1866 (Nimmo) Travels . . . World. Lemuel . . . 
Ships. By Jonathan Swift, Dean of St. Patrick 
[sic]. With prefatory memoir by George Saints- 
bury, and one hundred and eighty coloured and 
sixty plain illustrations. London : John C. Nimmo, 
14, King William Street, Strand, W. C. 1886. 

Pp. xvi, 430 ; hf . t. ; vign. ; cm. 26. 

Evidently follows the Hawkesworth text. The illus., by 
V. A. Poirson, are those of the Paris ed. of A. Quantain 
(N.D.). 

1876 (No imprint) Travels . . . World. Four. 
Lemuel . . . Ships. First published in 1726. Lon- 
don: 1876. 
Pp. 1-178; 5 maps, 1 plan; cm. ? 

In "The Choice Works of Dean Swift." B. P. L. 
Copy not examined. Cf. 1904. The title is a half-title 
only, with no imprint. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 149 

LONDON-NEW YORK 

1880 (Routledge) Gulliver's Travels . . . World. Swift 
. . . Dean. London : George Routledge and Sons, 
Broadway, Ludgate Hill. New York : 416, Broome 
Street. 1880. 

Pp. xvi, 361 (6 numbered + 12) ; 2 col'd plates ; cm. 17. 

1880 (Routledge) Re-issue of preceding ed., with N. Y. 
imprint: "9 Lafayette Place," and without the 
plates. Cm. 18. 

The cover has "Excelsior Series." 

LONDON 

1882 (Nimmo) Jonathan Swift. Travels . . . World. 
Lemuel . . . Ships. Four. I. A Voyage to Lil- 
liput. II. A Voyage to Brobdingnag. III. A 
Voyage to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnag, Glubb- 
dubrib, and Japan. IV. A Voyage to the Coun- 
try of the Houyhnhnms. "Splendide Mendax." 
— Hor. By Jonathan Swift, Dean of St. Patrick. 
With five etchings and portrait by Ad. Lalauze. 
London. J. C. Nimmo and Bain, 14, King Wil- 
liam Street, Strand, W.C. 1882. 

Pp. xliv, 363; cm. 2Z\ (uncut). (Half-title) 
Title-page in red and black. ISO copies on large paper. 
Contains some of the Faulkner emendations. 

1884 (Paul) Travels . . . World. Lemuel . . . Ships. 
[London : Kegan Paul, Trench & Co.] 
Pp. 91-159; cm 16 (uncut). 

In "Selections from the prose writings of Jonathan 
Swift. With a preface and notes by Stanley Lane- 
Poole." 

Title of volume in red and black. 



150 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

1886 (Nimmo) Travels . . . World. Lemuel . . . Ships. 
By Jonathan Swift, Dean of St. Patrick [sic]. 
With prefatory memoir by George Saintsbury, and 
one hundred and eighty coloured and sixty plain 
illustrations. London. John C. Nimmo, 14, King 
William Street, Strand, W.C. 1886. 

Pp. (i)xvi, 430; cm. 25£ (uncut). (Half-title. Title 
in red and black.) 

LONDON, ETC. 

1890 (Routledge) Gulliver's Travels exactly reprinted 
from the first edition, and other works, by Jonathan 
Swift. With some account of Cyrano de Bergerac, 
and of his voyages to the sun and moon. Edited by 
Henry Morley, LL.D., Emeritus professor of Eng- 
lish language and literature, University College, 
London. London, George Routledge and Sons, 
Limited. Broadway, Ludgate Hill. Glasgow, Man- 
chester and New York. 1890. 

Pp. 343(1) ; cm. 20. 

Forms a part of Vol. XI of "The Carisbrook Library," 
extending to p. 445(3), with fore-title and half-title. 

This is a reprint of the second edition, and the repro- 
duced title-pages are "made up" — not facsimiles. 

1892 (Nelson) Gulliver's Travels . . . World. With in- 
troduction and explanatory notes by Robert Mac- 
kenzie, Author of "The 19th Century," "America," 
&c. With facsimiles of the original maps, etc., of 
the work, and twelve illustrations. London : T. 
Nelson and Sons, Paternoster Row. Edinburgh; 
and New York. 1892. 

Pp., (10)xiv, 316(8) ; cm. 19. 

Contains facs. of port, and t. p. of the Faulkner 12mo. 
ed. of 1735, but text follows different editors, and is ex- 
purgated. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 151 

1893 (Chatto) Jonathan Swift. A biographical and 
critical study, by John Churton Collins [&c.]. Lon- 
don : Chatto & Windus, Piccadilly, 1893. 
Pp. xvi, 280(32) ; hf. t; cm. 19. 

Contains reference to printing of Gulliver's Travels in 
Parker's Penny Post in 1726-27; also, sources for Gulli- 
ver's^ Travels, with passages taken by Swift from Sturmy's 
Mariners' Magazine, London, 1679. 

1893 (Routledge) Gulliver's Travels . . . World. Swift 
. . . Dean. London. George Routledge and Sons, 
Limited. 1893. 

Pp., (l)iv, 361; cm. 18: (Half-title— "Gulliver's 
Travels.") 

"Sir John Lubbock's hundred books" is at top of half- 
title and title-page. B. P. L,. Copy not examined. 

LONDON-NEW YORK 

1894 (Macmillan) Travels . . . World. Lemuel . . . 
Ships. With a preface by Henry Craik, and one 
hundred illustrations by Charles E. Brock. Lon- 
don. Macmillan and Co. and New York. 1894. 
All rights reserved. 

Pp. xxx, 382(2); cm. 18; (Half-title). 

Separate title to each part, and half-titles with maps 
on verso. This is, textually and typographically, a repro- 
duction of the 4th (8vo.) Motte ed., with expurgations. 

LONDON 

1896 (Bliss) Travels . . . World. Four. Lemuel . . . 
Ships. London : Bliss, Sands & Foster. Mdcccxcvi. 

Pp. vi (unnumbered), 7-308; 5 maps, 1 plan; cm. 20. 
(Half-title.) 

Ornamental title-page in red and black. 

A reversion to the Motte text; printed on frail paper. 
Cf. ed. of Longmans, Green & Co., N. Y., of same year. 



152 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

1896 (Dent) Gulliver's Travels . . . World. Jonathan 
Swift, mdcccxcvi: Published by J. M. Dent and 
Co. : Aldine House, London, W.C. 

Pp. xxii, 387; port, map; cm. 15. Notes 338-405. 
(Fore-title "The Temple Classics for Young People"). 

Harvard U. L. Copy not examined. Reprinted 1897, 
1899, 1901, 1904. 

1899 (Bell) Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift. Ed- 
ited by G. Ravenscroft Dennis, B. A., Lond. Lon- 
don. George Bell and Sons. 1899. 

Pp. xxxii, 308; port., 5 maps, 1 plan; cm. 18. 
(V. 8 of "The prose works of Jonathan Swift, edited by 
Temple Scott"). 

Facs. title-pages. B. P. L. Copy not examined 

LONDON-NEW YORK 

1900 (Lane) Gulliver's Travels. By Jonathan Swift. 
Illustrated by Herbert Cole. London and New 
York ; John Lane, the Bodley Head. 1900. 

Pp. xx, (3)355; port, by Herbert Cole, 1899; cm. 19. 
(Engraved fore-title; engraved half-title). 

Leaves with cuts included in pagination; other cuts in 
text. Harvard U. L. Copy not examined. 

LONDON 

1901 (Dent) Gulliver's Travels . . . World. By Jona- 
than Swift. With twelve illustrations by A. Rack- 
ham. London: J. M. Dent & Company, Aldine 
House, Bedford Street, Covent Garden. 1901. 

Pp. xvi, 363(3); cm. 15. (Fore-title— "The Temple 
Classics for Young People.") 

Colored front. ; title-page with colored border. In this 
Ed. and that of 1905 the title-page is followed directly 
by the "Contents." 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 153 

1904 (Dent) Gulliver's Travels into several remote na- 
tions of the world. Jonathan Swift, mdcccciv. 
Published by J. M. Dent and Co.: Aldine House. 
London. W. C. 

Pp. xxii, 406(2) ; front, (port, of Gulliver) ; cm. 15. 

(Fore-title: "The Temple Classics Edited by Israel 
Gollancz, M.A.") Title-page with black border. 

The text is printed from the Bathurst ed. of 1747 
(Faulkner text) ; appendix by Aitken. 

1904 (Chatto) Travels . . . World. Four. Lemuel 
. . . Ships. London: Chatto & Windus. 1904. 

Pp. 1-178; cm. 19. (Fore-title— "The choice works of 
Dean Swift.") 

(The choice works of Dean Swift in prose and verse. 
Reprinted from the original editions. A new edition with 
memoir, portrait, and illustrations. Pp. lxxxii, 678. Port., 
5 maps, 1 plan.) 

B. P. L. Copy not examined. 

1905 (Dent) The same as the Ed. of 1901. First pub- 
lished in 1900; "Second edition, March, 1903." 

Lacks "List of Illustrations." 

LONDON-NEW YORK 

1906 (Routledge) Gulliver's Travels and other works 
by Jonathan Swift exactly reprinted from the first 
edition and edited with some account of Cyrano de 
Bergerac and of his voyages to the sun and moon 
by the late Henry Morley, LL.D. With a note 
on the name "Gulliver" by J. P. Gilson (of the 
British Museum). London: George Routledge 
and Sons, Limited. New York : E. P. Dutton and 
Co. 1906. 

Pp. 445(1) ; front, (port.) ; cm. 20. 

The text is that of the second ed. — the least accurate 



154 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

of all the Motte eds. of 1726 — and contains none of the 
suppressed nor garbled passages later restored by Faulk- 
ner and modern editors. 

1908 (Greening) Travels .... World. Lemuel . . . 
Ships. Vol. I [Vol. II]. By Dean Swift. London, 
Greening & Co., Ltd. 1908. 

2 v.; pp. v. 1, xvi, 174(2) ; v. 2, (2)vi, 172; cm. 17 (un- 
cut). (Half-title.) 

1909 (Dent) Gulliver's Travels . . . World. Jonathan 
Swift. Illustrated by Arthur Rackham. London, 
J. M. Dent & Co. New York. E. P. Dutton & 
Co. 1909. 

Pp. (2)xvi, 291; front; cm. 29 (uncut). (Half-title.) 

750 copies printed. Ord. ed. (23 cm.) lacks extra leaf 
and extra illus. 

LONDON 

1910 (Macmillan) Travels . . . World. Lemuel . . . 
Ships. With a preface by Henry Craik and one 
hundred illustrations by Charles E. Brock. Mac- 
millan and Co., Limited, St. Martin's Street, Lon- 
don, 1910. 

Pp. xxx, 382(32) ; cm. 18. (Half-title). 

Separate title-page to each Part, and half-titles with 
maps on verso. 

Like the edition of 1894. 

1913 (Bell) Gulliver's Travels. By Jonathan Swift, 
D.D. Edited, with introduction and notes, by G. 
Ravenscroft Dennis. London: G. Bell and Sons, 
Ltd. 1913. 

Pp. xxxii, 308 ; 5 maps, 1 plan, 2 facs. title-pages ; cm. 
I62. ("Bonn's Popular Library.") 

B. P. L. Copy not examined. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 155 

1914 (Bell) The Prose Works of Jonathan Swift, D.D. 
Vol. VIII. Gulliver's Travels. Edited by G. 
Ravenscroft Dennis. London, G. Bell and Sons, 
Ltd. 1914. 

Pp. xxxii, 308(32) ; front, (port, of Gulliver) ; 5 maps, 
1 plan, 2 title-pages in facsimile; cm. 18. 

Fore-title — "Bonn's Standard Library. The Prose 
Works of Jonathan Swift edited by Temple Scott. Vol. 
VIII"— of 12 vols. 

LONDON, ETC. 

1919 (Milford) Gulliver's Travels, The Tale of a Tub, 
and The Battle of the Books. By Jonathan Swift. 
Humphrey Milford: Oxford University Press. 
London, Edinburgh, Glasgow, New York, Toronto, 
Melbourne, Cape Town, Bombay. 1919. 

Pp. viii, 355, G. T.; [entire vol. 599;] front, (port); 
cm. 184. 

Reproduces title-pages of the Motte ed. of 1727 and ap- 
pears to have followed that text, but adopts some of 
Faulkner's changes, although the editor alludes to the 
Faulkner ed. as "issued in spite of Swift's protests." The 
editor also, following Hawkesworth and Dennis, attempts 
to improve Swift's text, and in one instance violates 
Swift's rule on tautology (Pt. Ill, Chap. V, p. 219, last 
par.) by the unnecessary repetition of the word "pro- 
ject." Faulkner was the first to print this phrase cor- 
rectly- 



PARIS 



FRANCE 



1727 (Martin) Voyages de Gulliver. A Paris, Chez 
Gabriel Martin, rue S. Jacques, vis-a-vis la rue du 
Platre, a l'Etoile. m.dcc.xxvii. Avec Privilege 
du Roy. 

2 v. ; v. 2, pp. viii, 286 ; cm. 14J. 

Vign. (man in armour) on t. p. Only v. 2 examined. 



156 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

1727 (Martin) Voyages de Gulliver. Seconde Edition. 
A Paris, rue S. Jacques 

Gabriel Martin, vis-a-vis la rue du Platre, a 

l'Etoile. 
Hyppolite-Louis, Guerin, a S. Thomas 
Chez -l d'Aquin, visa-vis S. Yves et Quay des 
Augustins. 
Dans la boutique de la V. Coustelier, chez 
Jacques Guerin. 

m. dcc. xxvu. Avec Privilege du Roy. 
(PI. XXII.) 

2 v. in 1 ; pp. xxxii (28 numbered), 176, and iv, 177- 
379(3); 4 plates; cm. 14. No maps nor plan. 

_ In his preface the Abbe Desf ontaines, after having criti- 
cized Gulliver's Travels for certain faults, which he sum- 
marizes in these words : — "des choses qui rendues litterale- 
ment en Francois, auroient paru indecentes, pito'iables ; im- 
pertinentes; auroient revolte le bon gout qui regne en 
France, m'auroient moi-meme couvert de confusion, & 
m'auroient infailliblement attire de justes reproches, si 
j'avois ete asses foible & asses imprudent, pour les exposer 
aux yeux du Public" (p. xi) — goes on to say: — "je declare 
que j'ai crfl devoir prendre le parti de les supprimer en- 
tierement. Si j'ai peut-etre laisse encore quelque chose de 
ce genre dans ma Traduction, je prie le Public de songer 
qu'il est naturel a un Traducteur de se laisser gagner, & 
d'avoir quelque-fois un peu trop d'indulgence pour son 
Auteur. Au reste, je me suis figure, que j'etois capable 
de suppleer a ces defauts & de reparer ces pertes, par le 
secours de mon imagination, & par de certains tours> que 
je donnerois aux choses meme qui me deplaisoient. J'en 
dis asses, pour faire connoitre le caractere de ma Tra- 
duction. 

"J'apprends qu'on en imprime actuellement une en Hol- 
lande. Si elle est litterale, & si elle est faite par quelque 
Traducteur ordinaire de ce pais-la, je prononce, sans 
l'avoir vue, qu'elle est fort mauvaise, & je suis bien stir, 
que quand elle paroitra, je ne serai ni dementi, ni de- 
trompe." See also, letter of the Abbe to Swift, July 4, 
1727, and Swift's reply; also, remarks of Gausseron, Paris 
ed., n. d., (A. Quantain). The Abbe says that he sup- 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 157 

pressed some matter that was in his preface to the first 
Paris edition. 

MILDENDO 

1727 (Pigmeos) Voyages de Gulliver. Seconde edi- 
tion revue & corrigee. Mildendo, chez les Freres 
Pigmeos. Avec privilege de l'Empereur de Lilli- 
put. 1727. 

2 v.; pp. vi (unnumbered), vii-xxxix (numbered), v 
(unnumbered), 277; and viii (unnumbered), 325; 4 plates; 
cm. 15£. 

Vol. I has a dedication to Madame la Marquise D . . . 
followed by "Preface du Traducteur," and the text ap- 
pears to be the same as that of Paris editions of the same 
year attributed to the Abbe Desfontaines. The preface, 
however, is more moderate in its criticism. (PI. XXV.) 

PARIS 

1772 (Musier) Voyages de Gulliver. Traduit par M. 
l'Abbe des Fontaines. Nouvelle fidition. Tome 
Premier [Second]. A Paris, Chez Jean-Baptiste- 
Guillaume Musier, fils, Libraire, Quai des Augus- 
tins, au coin de la rue Gist-le-Coeur. m. dcc. 
lxxii. Avec privilege du Roi. 

2 v.; pp. (4) xxviii, 275; (4)314(2) ; 4 plates; cm. 17. 
(Half-titles; vign., or printer's device, on t. p.'s.) 

1779 (No Pub.) Travels into several remote Nations 
of the World. By Lemuel Gulliver. Paris, m. 

DCC. LXXIX. 

2 v.; pp. ii, 215, and vi, 244; cm. 14. 

1797 (Didot) Voyages de Gulliver. A Paris, de l'lm- 
primerie de Pierre Didot L'Aine. An V. 1797. 

2 v. in 4; pp. xxxvi, 148; 149-303, and 148; 149-358. 
10 plates, (designed by le Febvre, engraved by Masque- 
lier) ; cm. \2\. (Half-title to each of the 4 vols.) 



158 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

Monogram in floral circle on title-page. This edition 
was reprinted at Paris in 1860, and apparently follows the 
Desfontaines version. 

1813 (Genets) Voyages de Gulliver, traduits de l'An- 
glais, de S'wift, par l'Abbe des Fontaines. Edi- 
tion ornee de douze Gravures. Tome Premier 
[&c.]. A Paris, chez Genets jeune, Libraire, Rue 
Dauphine, No. 14, 1813. 

4 v.; pp. 188; 238; 222; and 175; cm. 14J (uncut). 

Vols- 3 and 4 contain "Voyages de Jean Gulliver, fils du 
Capitaine Gulliver," &c. Each of the four vols, contains 
two plates and a vignette. 

1823 (Sanson) Aventures Surprenantes de Gulliver, ou 
les Voyages de Gulliver reduits aux traits les plus 
interessans. Edition ornee de six gravures et 
publiee par A. J. S. Paris, Sanson, Libraire, 
Boulevard Bonne-Nouvelle, No. 3. 1823. 

2 v. ; pp. 247 and 294. 6 plates, inc. vignettes on t. p. ; 
cm. 15 (uncut). (Half-title — "Aventures surprenantes 
du Capitaine Gulliver. Tome l er " ; "Tome II.") Abridged 
and expurgated. Chap. VI, Pt. I, omitted in tofo. 

1826 (Galignani) Gulliver's Travels into several remote 
Nations of the World. By Jonathan Swift, D.D., 
Dean of St. Patrick's, Dublin. A new edition, with 
plates. Vol. I [Vol. II.] Paris: Published by A. 
and W. Galignani, at the French, English, Italian, 
German, and Spanish Library, No. 18, Rue Vi- 
vienne, 1826. 

2 vols.; pp. iv (unn.) xxxvi, 327, and iv (unn.), 348 
(18); half-titles; front, and 9 plates ; cm. 17^4 (uncut). 

Appears to follow the Hawkesworth text. The plates 
are from the Paris ed. of Didot, 1797. 

1835 (Ecoles) Voyages de Gulliver, par Swift. Paris, 
a la Librairie des ficoles, rue Sainte-Marguerite S. 
G., 19. 1835. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 159 

2 v. in 1 ; pp. 187 and 216; cm. 12. (Half-titles— "Voy- 
ages de Gulliver".) Desfontaines version. 

1838 (Furne) Voyages de Gulliver dans des Contrees 
lointaines, par Swift, Edition illustree par Grand- 
ville. Traduction nouvelle. Paris. Furne et Cie, 
Libraires-Editeurs, rue Saint-Andre-des-Arts, 55 ; 
H. Fournier, Aine, Editeur, rue de Seine, 16. 

M DCCC XXXVIII. 

2 v.; pp. ii, 279; ii, 319; cm. 20£. (Half-title— "Voyages 
de Gulliver".) 

Following t. p. "Notice Biographique et litteraire sur 
Jonathan Swift, par Walter Scott" (verso — "Note des 
Editeurs") ; leaf with wood cut precedes text in each 
volume. 

1841 (Gamier) Voyages de Gulliver dans des Con- 
trees lointaines, par Swift. Traduction nouvelle, 
precedee d'une notice biographique et litteraire 
par Walter Scott. Paris, Gamier Freres, Palais 
Royal; H. Fournier Aine, 7 rue Saint Benoit. 
M DCCC xli. 

Pp. ii, 280; front, and 7 f. p. wood cuts; cm. 17. (Half- 
title "Voyages de Gulliver dans des Contrees lointaines"; 
verso — adv.) Eds. by same publisher, in 1845, 1852, 
and 1869. 

1856 (Gamier) Voyages de Gulliver dans des Con- 
trees lointaines, par Swift. Traduction nouvelle, 
precedee d'une notice par Walter Scott. Illustra- 
tions par J. J. Grandville. Paris, Gamier Freres, 
Libraires. Rue des Saints-Peres, 6-Palais-Royal. 
215. mdccclvi. 

Pp. xxxvii, 444 (3-table) ; fore-title, engraved front, 
(same as in Stuttgart edition of 1839) ; cm. 23. 

Note des Editeurs, 1 leaf. Harvard U. L. Copy not 
examined. 

1860 (Leclere) Voyages de Gulliver. A Paris, an 

m DCCC LX. 



160 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

2 v.; pp. xxxv, 152; 153-308, and 148; 149-360. 10 plates 
by le Febvre, engraved by Masquelier; cm. 16J (uncut). 

Title-page in red and black; title-page has monogram. 

General half-title, with imprint. (Like Didot ed. of 1797, 
but has half-title for each Part.) Only 150 copies. 

1869 (Gamier) [Same title as that of ed. of 1841.] Il- 
lustrations de Grandville. Paris, Gamier Freres, 
Libraires-fiditeurs, 6, Rue des Saints-Peres, et Pa- 
lais-Royal, 215. M DCCC LXIX. 
Pp. vi, 410; cm. 17£. (Half-title.) 

BELGIUM 
BRUXELLES 

1843 (No Pub.) Voyage de Gulliver dans les Pays 
lointains. Traduction nouvelle. A Bruxelles, et 
dans les principales villes de l'etranger, chez tous 
les libraires. 1843. 

2 v.; pp. 186(1) and 210(1); cm. 13 (uncut). (Half- 
titles — "Voyages de Gulliver" ; "Pantheon classique et 
litteraire".) The editors intimate the "scrupulous fidelity" 
of this text to the original. 

GERMANY 
HAMBURG 

1739 (Wierings) Des Capitains Lemuel Gulliver Reisen 
in unterschiedliche entfernte und unbekandte Lan- 
der. Erster Theil. In sich haltend die Reisen nach 
Lilliput und Brobdingnac. Ihrer Seltsamkeit und 
Anmuth wegen aus dem Englischen in das Teutsche 
mit Fleiss iibersetzet, und mit Kupfern gezieret. 
Die dritte Auflage. Hamburg. Gedruckt und ver- 
legt von seel. Thomas von Wierings Erben, bey der 
Borse, im giildnen A, B, C. 1739. 1st auch in Her- 
tels Handlung zu bekommen. 

Pp. (Pt. I, Lil. & Brob.) xiv, 224; (Pt. II, Lap. & H.) 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 161 

viii, 228; (Pt. Ill, Sev. &c, Keys, 1746) (2)308; (Der 
Neue Gulliver, 1731) xliv (unn.), 318; 2 maps (Lil. & 
Lap.), 1 plate, and 7 other illus. ; cm. 16J4. 

1762 (No Pub.) Lemuel Gulliver's samtliche Reisen. 
Aus dem Englischen des beruhmten Dr. Swifts von 
neuem ubersetzt. Mit Kupfern [Vign. of Gulliver] . 
Zweyte Auflage. Hamburg und Leipzig, 1762. 
Pp. xvi, 462 ; 4 f . p. illus. ; cm. 18. 

Reprints Swift's letter of Apr. 2, 1727, and takes seri- 
ously his complaint about the misspelling "Brobdingnag," 
and prints "Brobdingrag." Pages 449-462 are translations 
of the Verses. 

STUTTGART 

1839 (Krabbe) Gulliver's Reisen in unbekannte Lan- 
der. Von Jonathan Swift. Aus dem Englischen 
ubersetzt, von Dr. Fr. Kottenkamp. Nebst einer 
Notiz liber J. Swift, nach Walter Scott, von Au- 
gust Lewald. Zwei Bande, mit 450 Bildern und 
Vignetten von Grandville. Stuttgart; Verlag von 
Adolph Krabbe. 1839. 

2 v. ; pp. lxviii, 284, and ? ; cm. 20. 

Half-title :-— "Notiz von Walter Scott." First leaf: 
engraved melange. Text of Scott's life of Swift, fol- 
lowed by engraved half-title. 

Harvard U. L,. Copy not examined. 

LEIPZIG 

1844 (Tauchnitz) Gulliver's Travels . . . World. By 
Jonathan Swift. With a sketch of his life. Leip- 
zig. Bernhard Tauchnitz. 1844. 

Pp. x, 342; cm. 16i (Fore-title— "Collection of British 
Authors. Vol. LXIII — Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan 
Swift. In one volume.") 



162 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

[1875] (Reclam?) Gulliver's Reisen. Von Jonathan 
Swift. Aus dem Englischen iibersetzt von Dr. 
Kottenkamp. Leipzig. Verlag von Philipp Re- 
clam ( ?) jun. 

Pp. 352; cm. 13J. 

"Universal Bibliotek," 651-654. Issued in paper covers, 
pp. 2-4 of which contain ads. 

B. P. L,. Copy not examined. 

STUTTGART 

[1880] (Kroner) Gulliver's Reisen in unbekannte Lan- 
der, von Jonathan Swift. Fur die Jugend bear- 
beitet von Friedrich Werner. Mit vier Abbildun- 
gen. Stuttgart : Druck und Verlag von Gebruder 
Kroner [1880]. 

Pp. 127; cm. 16. ("Universal-Bibliotek fur die 
Jugend".) 

B. P. L,. Copy not examined. 

LEIPZIG 

1906 (Abel) Gulliver's Reisen zu fremden und seltsa- 
men Voelkern. Nach Jonathan Swift, fur die 
Jugend und die Familie verarbeitet von Friedrich 
Meister. Illustriert von W. Zweigle, Prof. Hans 
W. Schmidt und E. Zimmer. Zweite Auflage. 
Volksausgabe. Leipzig : Verlag von Abel & Miiller, 
1906. 

Pp. 230(2); 4 f. p. woodcuts and others in the text; 
cm. 20. 

HOLLAND — DUTCH 

'S GRAVENHAGE, AND AMSTERDAM 

1727 (Alberts) Reisbeschryving na Verscheyde Afgele- 
gene Natien in de Wereld. Reis na Lilliput, door 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 163 

Lemuel Gulliver. In 's Gravenhage by Alberts & 
Vander Kloot. mdccxxvii. 

4 Parts in 1 v.; pp. viii, 284; 139; and 172; cm. 15; 
port, and 10 plates, as in the Hague French edition of the 
same year. Pts. I and II paged continuously. 

Title-page to each part, in red and black, naming the 
appropriate country or countries. The text is from the 
1st Motte ed., even to the misnumbering of Chap. VII, Pt. 
III. 

Following the first title-page, one copy has a leaf of 
dedication by the publishers to their "Broeder," Thomas 
van Dolen. (PL XXIII.) 

1728 (Alberts) Reys na verscheide ver afgelegene Vol- 
keren der Wereld door KAP : LEMUEL GULLI- 
VER. Met de Sleutel op deszelfs vier Eerste Rey- 
zen. Derde en laatste Deel. In 's Gravenhage, by 
Alberts & Vander Kloot. mdccxxviii. 
Pp. xx (unnumbered), 391; cm. 15. 

This is a translation of the spurious third volume once 
attributed to Swift. It contains the portrait, and the four 
letters to Swift, and 2 plates. Cf, supra. 

1791 (Houtgraaff) L. Gulliver's Reize naar Lilliput, 
Brobdingnag, Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnagg, 
Glubbdubdrib, Japan en het Land der Houyhnhnms. 
Vier deelen met plaaten. Amsterdam, by W. 
Houtgraaff, Boekverkoper in de Hartestraat, in de 
Dubbelde Kelder. 1791. 

Pp. vi, 114; vi, 136, and viii, 128; xii, 158 and leaf of 
directions to binder; 6 folding plates. (Half-title "Gul- 
liver's Reizen. Vier Deelen".) 

In binding the four parts together, the intermediate 
title-pages were omitted. Prelim, pp. iii-iv apparently mis- 
sing in each Part. 

1792 (Elwe) Apparently like preceding edition (1791), 
except that the copy examined has the four half- 



164 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

titles, but not the general title. Publisher, J. B. 
Elwe, Amsterdam, mdccxcii. 

1841 (Ryckevorsel) Lotgevallen van Kapitein Gulliver. 
Verkorte Uitgaaf. 's Gravenhage, Nederlandsche 
Maatschappij van Schoone Kunsten. Bestuurder, 
J. J. Van Ryckevorsel. 1841. 

2 Parts; pp. 79, 72; cm. 15£. (Half-title.) 

Wood-cut front, to each Part, and wood-cuts in text, 
after Grandville. 

HAARLEM 

1862 (Kruseman) Reizen van Lemuel Gulliver naar 
verschillende onbekende Volkeren der Aarde. 
Door Jonathan Swift. Uit het Engelsch vertaald, 
met ophelderende Aanteekeningen en een levens- 
schets van den Schrijver, door J. W. N. Mossel- 
mans. Haarlem, A. C. Kruseman. 1862. 

2 v.; pp. viii, 241, and viii, 191; port, of Swift; cm. 18. 
(Half-title.) 



HOLLAND — FRENCH 

THE HAGUE 

1727 (Gosse) Voyage du Capitaine Lemuel Gulliver, 
en Divers Pays Eloignez. La Haye, Chez P. 
Gosse & J. Neaulme. mdccxxvii. 

2 v. in 1 ; pp. viii (including "Catalogue des Livres" and 
"Avertissement au Relieur"), 212; and viii, 220; cm. 15$; 
port., 5 maps, 1 plan, and 4 wood-cut illus. (PI. XXIV.) 

Four title-pages in red and black. 

A similar edition has the following additional state- 
ment on the title-page : "Nouvelle Traduction, plus ample, 
plus exacte, & plus fidele, que celle de Paris, avec Fig- 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 165 

ures, & Cartes Geographiques." This is probably the later 
issue of the two, and this notice, a reply to the denounce- 
ment by the Abbe Desfontaines. 

1762 (Swart) Voyages du Capitaine Gulliver en divers 
pays eloignes. Tome Premier [Seconde: Troi- 
sieme]. A la Haye, Chez Jean Swart, Libraire, 
dans le Toornstraat. m. dcc. lxii. 

3 v. in 1; pp. (4) xvi (3 unnumbered), 154; vi (un- 
numbered), 183; and xxii (unnumbered), 238; 6 plates, 
but no maps; cm. 16£. (Title page in red and black.) 

Includes parts of the spurious v. 3 of the English edi- 
tion — 'the "Second Voyage a Brobdingnag," "Voyages 
des Sevarambes;" and the four Letters to the Dean, each 
with a separate t. p. Other editions by the same publish- 
er were issued in 1765 and 1778, with the following dif- 
ferences : 

1765 Vol. 1, (4) xiv (unnumb.), 174(4); v. 2, (2)204 
(4) ; v. 3, xviii, 268(4) ; cm. 18 (uncut). 

1778 Vol. 1, (4) xiv (numb.), 170(8) ; v. 2, (2)189(5) ; 
v. 3, xviii (unnumbered), 268(4) ; cm. 16^2. (Title 
page in black.) The plates in this ed. are more 
crude than in the others. 



AMSTERDAM 

1787 (No Pub.) Voyages du capitaine Lemuel Gulliver, 
par le Docteur Swift. Traduks par l'abbe Des- 
fontaine. 

Pp. xxxii, 400; fore-title; 2 illus. after Marillier by 
Croutelle, and De Ghendt ; cm. 19^- 

In _ "Voyages imaginaires, songes, visions, et romans 
cabalistiques" (edites par C. G. I. Gamier, v. 14). Am- 
sterdam and Paris, m.dcclxxxvii. 



166 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

ITALY 
VENICE 

1749 (Tevernin) Viaggi del Capitano Lemuel Gulliver 
in diversi Paesi lontani. Traduzione dal Fran- 
zese, di F. Zannino Marsecco. Tomo Primo, Parte 
Prima. [T. p. to Vol. II abbreviated.] Contenente 
il Viaggio di Lilliput. In Venezia, mdccxlix. Ap- 
presso Giovanni Tevernin, all' Insegna della Provi- 
denza. Con Licenza de' Superiori e Privilegio. 

2 v. in 1; pp. v-xii, 408; cm. 15. (Ftspc. and vign.) 

MADRID SPAIN 

1824 (Sancha) Viajes del Capitan Lemuel Gulliver a 
diversos Paises remotos, traducidos de la Edicion 
Francesa por Don Ramon Maximo Spartal, cabal- 
lero maestrante de la real de Granada, y vecino de 
la ciudad de Plasencia. Segunda edicion con lam- 
inas. Con Licencia en Madrid, ano de 1824. Im- 
prenta de I. Sancha. 

2 v.; pp. xxviii, 255, and viii, 264; front, in each vol- 
ume ; no maps ; cm. 15. 

SWEDEN 

WESTERAS 

1772 (Horrn) Capitain Lemuel Gullivers Resor til at- 
skillige langt bort belagne Land; Beprydde med 
Kopparstycken. Forra Delen. [Senare Delen.] 
Talkad ifran Fransyskan. Andra Uplagan. Was- 
teras, Tryckt hos Joh. Laur. Horrn, pa, dess bekost- 
nad, ar 1772. 

2 v. in 1; pp. xvi (unnumbered), 150(2); x, 160; 4 
plates ; cm. 16£. , Pp. 161 &c contain an exam, of Mande- 
ville's "Fables of the Bees." 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 167 

LINK6PING 

1840 (Palmaer) Gulliver's Resor, af Jonathan Swift. 
Ofwersattning. Forsta Delen [&c] Resan till Lille- 
pytt. Linkoping, 1840 (Part IV, 1841). Palmaer 
& Ridderstad. 

Pp. 84, 96, 84, and 107; cm. 14*. 

STOCKHOLM 

1889 (Aktiebolaget) Gulliver's Resor till Lilliput och 
Brobdingnag af Jonathan Swift. Ofversattning 
af C. F. Bagge. Stockholm, Aktiebolaget Hiertas 
Bokforlag, 1889. Stockholm, Otto Ahlstroms 
Boktryckeri, 1889. 

Pp. 190(2) ; cm. 17h (Half-title.) 

NORTH AMERICA 
PHILADELPHIA 

1808 (Buzby) The Surprizing Adventures of Captain 
Gulliver in a Voyage to the Kingdom of Lilliput. 
Philadelphia, published by B. C. Buzby, No. 2 
Nh. 3 St., 1808. 

Pp. 52; cm. 13. 

7 f. p. crude woodcuts; vign. on title-page (Love, sc.) 

1808 (Carey) Travels . . . World. Four. Lemuel . . . 
Ships. Philadelphia: Printed for Mathew Carey, 
No. 122, Market Street. 1808. 

Pp. vi, 7-112, and 119; cm. 14. 

Only v. I seen. 

Front, to each of the two parts; date of part 2, 1809. 

1866 (Lippincott) Gulliver's Travels . . . World. By 
Dean Swift. With a life of the Author by Rev. 



168 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

John Mitford, and copious notes by W. C. Taylor, 
LL.D. Philadelphia : J. B. Lippincott & Co. 1866. 

Pp. xii, 13-431; cm. ISh 

Half-titles to "The Works of Dean Swift," and to each 
of the four parts. Ode to Quinbus Flestrin. [Possibly 
first published in 1865.] 

1873 (Lippincott) Reissue of the edition of 1866. 

1918 (Lippincott) Gulliver's Travels. A Voyage to 
Lilliput ; a Voyage to Brobdingnag. By Jonathan 
Swift. With illustrations in color by Maria L. 
Kirk. Splendide Mendax — Horace. Philadelphia 
and London: J. B. Lippincott Company, 1918. 

Pp. 221 ; 8 f . p. colored plates ; cm. 20. 

Title-page in red and black in a border; half-title to 
each part ; first leaf has half-title on recto and book-ad. on 
verso. 

NEW YORK 

1812 (Durell) Travels . . . World. Lemuel . . . Ships. 
Four. I. A. Voyage to Lilliput &c. "Splendide 
Mendax." Hor. 

Pp. xii (incl. front.), 338; cm. 20 (uncut). Vol. IX of 
"The Works of the Rev. Jonathan Swift, D.D., &c, ar- 
ranged by Thomas Sheridan, A.M., with notes, historical 
and critical. A new edition in twenty-four volumes, cor- 
rected and revised by John Nichols, F.A.S., Edinburgh 
and Perth. New York: Published by William Durell 
and Co. 1812." (Fore-title— ['The British Classics: Vol- 
ume the fifty-third, containing the ninth volume of 
Swift's works. 1812".) 

1847 (Leavitt) Gulliver's Travels and Adventures in 
Lilliput and Brobdingnag, by Dean Swift. With 
copious notes, by W. C. Taylor, LL.D., and a life 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 169 

of the author, by the Rev. John Mitford. Illus- 
trated by numerous engravings. New York: Lea- 
vill, Trow & Co., 191 Broadway, 1847. 

Pp. x. 11-310(4) ; front.; cm. 16. (Half-title— "The life 
of Swift".) 

Extra title with vign. ; woodcuts in text. Contains some 
of the Verses. 

1854 (Leavitt) An edition whose title is similar to the 
following was published in 1854. 

B. P. L. 

1855 (Leavitt) The Works of Dean Swift; embracing 
Gulliver's Travels, Tale of a Tub, Battle of the 
Books, etc., with a life of the author, by Rev. John 
Mitford; and copious notes, by W. C. Taylor, 
LL.D. New York : Leavitt & Allen, 27 Dey Street. 
1855. 

Pp. x, 11-310 (Gulliver's Travels) ; cm. 19. 

Half-title to "The Life of Swift" and to "Gulliver's 
Travels. Voyage to Lilliput" [and "Gulliver's Travels. 
Voyage to Brobdingnag"]. (Parts III and IV not in- 
cluded.) 

Contains Ode to Quinbus Flestrin — one of the Verses; 
also "Tale of a Tub" and "Battle of the Books," which 
appear to constitute the remainder of the "Works." 

NEW YORK-CINCINNATI 

1856 (Derby) Gulliver's Travels . . . World. Four. 
By Dean Swift, with a life of the author, by Rev. 
John Mitford : and copious notes, by W. C. Taylor, 
LL.D. New York : Derby & Jackson, 1 19 Nassau 
St., Cincinnati: H. W. Derby & Co. 1856. 

Pp. xii, 431 ; port, of Swift; cm. 18i (Fore-title— "The 
Works of Swift," and half-title to each of the parts.) 

At the head of title-page, "Only complete American 
edition." 



170 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

NEW YORK 

1857 (Derby) A similar edition to the preceding, bound 
in 2 v., with portrait. 
B. P. L. Copy not examined. 

1860 (Derby) A similar edition to the preceding, ex- 
cept that the imprint reads "498 Broadway." 
No portrait in the copy consulted. 

1884 (Worthington) Travels . . . World. Four. Lem- 
uel .. . Ships. Splendide Mendax. Hor. With 
copious notes, and a life of the author by W. C. 
Taylor, LL.D., of Trinity College, Dublin. New 
York : R. Worthington, 770 Broadway, 1884. 

Pp. 334(2); front.; cm. 18*. 

Has an appendix to Lilliput, and to Laputa, the Ode to 
Quinbus Flestrin, and other Verses. 

The cover of some copies reads "Gulliver's Travels and 
Baron Munchausen." 

1892 (Maynard) Gulliver's Travels. The Voyage to 
Lilliput. By Dean Swift. Edited and adapted for 
use in schools by Albert E. Blaisdell. New York : 
Maynard, Merrill & Co., publishers. 1892. 

Pp. 54(5) ; cm. 16J. (No. 60 of "English Classic Se- 
ries.") 

Small portrait on title-page. 

B. P. L. Copy not examined. 

1896 (Longmans) Travels . . . World. Four. Lem- 
uel . . . Ships. New York: Longmans, Green and 

Co. MDCCCXCVI. 

Pp. 308; 5 maps, 1 plan; cm. 19£ (uncut). (Half-title.) 

Ornamental title-page in red and black. A reversion to 
the Motte text; printed on frail paper. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 171 

1903 (Collier) Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift, 
D.D., with an introduction by Edward Brooks. 
Illustrated by Beatrice Stevens. New York. P. 

F. Collier & Son. 1903. 

Pp. (2)x (unnumbered), 384; 2 colored plates; cm. 20. 
(Library for Young People. Vol. VI.) Fore-title, and 
half-title. Contains some of the Verses. 

NEW YORK AND LONDON 

1904 (Macmillan) Gulliver's Travels . . . World. By 
Jonathan Swift. Edited, with notes and an intro- 
duction by Clifton Johnson. New York : The Mac- 
millan Company. London : Macmillan & Co., Ltd. 
1904. All rights reserved. 

Pp. xxiv, 242(4) ; front.; cm. 14. (Gen. half-title, and 
half-title to each Part.) 

1909 (Bowman) Gulliver's Travels to LilHput, Brob- 
dingnag, Laputa and the Country of the Houy- 
hnhnms. Illustrated by Lancelot Speed. New 
York, Charles L. Bowman & Co. Mercantile 
Building. 1909. 

Pp. xxiv (inclu. fly-leaf), 25-334; 8 f. p. plates; cm. 19i 
(Half-title to each part.) 

1910 (Methuen) Dean Swift. By Sophie Shilieto 
Smith. With sixteen illustrations. New York: 

G. P. Putnam's Sons. London: Methuen & Co, 
1910. 

Pp. xii, 340; front; cm. 22. (Half-title.) 

GARDEN CITY-NEW YORK 

1912 (Doubleday) Gulliver's Travels. By Jonathan 
Swift. Edited by Anna Tweed. Illustrated by 



172 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

Dan Sayre Groesbeck. Garden City-New York, 
Doubleday, Page & Company, 1912. 

Pp. xviii, 304(6); 8 plates; cm. 19. (Fore-title— "Gol- 
den Books for Children, edited by Clifton Johnson — Gul- 
liver's Travels," and half-title to each part.) 

NEW YORK AND LONDON 

1913 (Harper) Gulliver's Travels . . . World. By 
Jonathan Swift (Lemuel Gulliver) first a surgeon 
and then a captain of several ships. With an in- 
troduction by W. D. Howells and more than one 
hundred illustrations by Louis Rhead. Harper & 
Brothers, Publishers, New York & London. 

MCMXIII. 

Pp. xviii, 351 ; cm. 22\. (Half-title.) 

Portrait of Swift surrounded by miniature illustrations ; 
title-page within a border; vignetted half-title to each 
part; page of maps. Text corrupt. 

1917 (Macmillan) Gulliver's Travels. By Jonathan 
Swift. Edited by Padraic Colum. Presented by 
Willy Pogany. The Macmillan Company. New 
York, 1917. 

Pp. xxviii, 296(3) ; 12 col'd, and other plates; cm. 19. 

Title-page, and half-title to each part, with vignette. 
Map on verso of half-title to each Part. [Attractively 
illustrated, but text emasculated.] 

BOSTON 

1900 (Heath) The B. P. L. has an edition like the fol- 
lowing, dated 1900, in 2 v. 

1901 (Heath) Gulliver's Travels . . . World. By Jona- 
than Swift, D.D. Edited with introduction and 
notes by Thomas M. Balliet, Superintendent of 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 173 

Schools, Springfield, Mass. With thirty-eight il- 
lustrations and a map. Part I. A Voyage to Lil- 
lipttt. Part II. A Voyage to Brobdingnag. Bos- 
ton, U. S. A. : D. C. Heath & Co., Publishers, 1901. 

Pp. xii, inclu. front, (pages misnumbered) , 102; and 
112; cm. 19. 

The illustrations do not correspond to the statement on 
the title-page. There are 38 in Part I alone. There is 
also a map in each part. The cover bears the statement 
"The Home Library," which appears nowhere in the 
volume. [Text expurgated.] 

1902 (Ginn) Gulliver's Travels. I. A Voyage to Lilli- 
put. II. A Voyage to Brobdingnag. By Jonathan 
Swift, Dean of St. Patrick [sic]. Edited for 
schools, with notes and a sketch of the author's life. 
Boston, U. S. A. : Published by Ginn & Company. 
1902. 

Pp. x, 162(4) ; cm. 17i. 

CHICAGO 

1884 (Bedford) Travels . . . World. Four. Lemuel 
. . . Ships. Splendide Mendax. — Hor. With copi- 
ous notes, and a life of the author, by W. C. Taylor, 
LL.D., of Trinity College, Dublin. Chicago: Bel- 
ford, Clarke & Co. 1884. 

Pp. 333; front; cm. 18. 

Bound in with Munchausen. 

This edition appears to contain the same matter as the 
New York-Worthington edition of the same year, but has 
a different frontispiece and is of a different setting. A 
misnumbering of the preliminary pages has resulted in 
the absence of pp. 3-6 inclusive. 

CINCINNATI 

1906 (Phonographic) A Voyage to Lilliput. By Jona- 



174 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

than Swift. In the amanuensis style of phonogra- 
phy, by Benn (sic) Pitman and Jerome B. Howard. 
Cincinnati : The Phonographic Institute Company, 
1906. 
Pp.60; cm. 17. B. P. L. 

HALIFAX 

1859 (Milner) Gulliver's Travels into several remote 
Nations of the World. By Jonathan Swift, D.D., 
Dean of St. Patrick's. With the life of the author. 
Halifax : Milner and Sowerby. 1859. 

Pp. (3)xvi, 272(3) ; front; vign.; cm. 12J4. 

Engraved title-page, extra. Extra 11. of ads. with bor- 
der; first and last leaf pasted to cover. ("The Cottage 
Library" embossed on back.) 

UNDATED EDITIONS 
GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND 
LONDON, LONDON-NEW YORK, ETC. 

Cassell, Petter, and Galpin. Gulliver's Travels 
. . . World. By Dean Swift. A new Edition. 
With explanatory Notes and a Life of the Author, 
by John Francis Waller, LL.D., Vice-president of 
the Royal Irish Academy. Illustrated by T. Mor- 
ten [Emblem]. 

Pp. iv (unn.), xliv, 352; front.; cm. 26. 

A later ed., "Illustrated by the late T. Morten," has the 
front, colored, and 4 pp. of ads. Ornamental border. Has 
some of the Verses. 

C. Cooke. Travels . . . World. Lemuel . . . 
Ships Two volumes in one. By Dean Swift. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 175 

Cooke's Edition. [Emblem] Embellished with 
superb engravings. 

Pp. iv, 5-287(1) ; front, and 3 f. p. illus.; cm. 14. 

There were two editions, each with four plates after R. 
Corbould, by Hawkins, and Warren. In the earlier ed. 
these plates are dated 1795-1797; in the later, 1797, 1798, 
1800 and 1801, and partly re-engraved. In the later ed. the 
last p. has a list of books. 

J. M. Dent & Sons, Ltd. (N. Y.: E. P. Dutton 

& Co.). Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift. 

Pp. xx, 280; cm. 17. (Fore-title "Everyman's Library.") 

Title and opposite page with ornamental border. Wood- 
cuts after Rackham. Maps. 

First published March, 1906; again in 1909, 1910 and 
1912. 

J. F. Dove. Gulliver's Travels . . . World. Swift 
. . . Dean. With the Life of the Author. 

Pp. xxvi, 334; cm. 12J. 

Front, and vignette engraved for Dove's English Clas- 
sics, by G. Corbould, designed by H. Corbould. 1832? 

B. P. L. has editions of 1824 and 185- ? 

J. Harris (Successor to E. Newbery) &c. The 
Adventures of Captain Gulliver in a Voyage to the 
Islands of Lilliput and Brobdingnag. Abridged 
from the Works of the Celebrated Dean Swift. 
Adorned with cuts. Price six pence. 

Pp. 123(5) ; cm. 11 
Crude wood cuts in text. 

Hayward and Moore. Travels . . . World. Lem- 
uel . . . Ships. Four. Splendide Mendax. — Hor. 
Illustrated with upwards of four hundred wood- 
engravings from designs by Grandville. With copi- 
ous notes, a Life of the Author, and an Essay on 



176 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

satirical fiction, by W. C. Taylor, LL.D. of Trinity 
College, Dublin [1840]. 

Pp. 16 (inclu. front.) lx, 508; front; cm. 24 (uncut). 

Appendices contain some of the Verses. Appears to 
follow the Hawkesworth text. 

T. C. & E. C. Jack. (N. Y. : E. P. Dutton & Co.) 
Gulliver's Travels in Lilliput and Brobdingnag, told 
to the children by John Lang, with pictures by F. 
M. B. Blaikie. 

"Told to the Children Series.") 
Pp. x, 116; 8 colored plates; cm. 14. (Half-title — 

T. Nelson and Sons. Gulliver's Travels, by Dean 
Swift. 

Pp. xxxii (inclu. front.), 320; cm. 154. (Title page 
with border.) 

Ernest Nister. (N. Y.: E. P. Dutton & Co.). 
Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift. Adapted 
for the young by W. B. Scott. Illustrated by A. 
E. Jackson. 

Pp. 332; six colored and other full-page illus. ; cm. 20*. 
(Ornamental half-title.) 

George Routledge & Sons, Limited. (N. Y. : E. 
P. Dutton & Co.) Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan 
Swift. Adapted for the young. A new edition 
with many illustrations (4 colored). 

Pp. xvi, 415; cm. 19. (Gen. half-title, and half-title to 
each Part.) 

George Routledge and Sons, Limited. Gulli- 
vel's Travels . . . World. Swift . . . Dean. Lon- 
don and New York. 

Pp. (l)iv, 361(1); cm. 18*. 
B. P. L. Copy not examined. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 177 

Walter Scott. Prose writings of Swift. Chosen 
and arranged by Walter Lewin. London. 

Pp. xxviii, 352; cm. 171 

No date on title-page. Date of introduction is 1886 
Uelongs to the Camelot series. 

B. P. Lt. Copy not examined. 

Sidgwick & Jackson, Ltd. Gulliver's Voyages 
to Lilliput and Brobdingnag. Written by Jona- 
than Swift, illustrated by P. A. Staynes. 
Pp. xiv, 237(1) ; cm. 20£ (uncut). 

Fore-title ; ornamented half-title to each part, with map 
on verso. Illus. in black and color. Title-page and oppo- 
site page with ornamental border. [1912.] 

This text was also issued with the imprint of Henrv 
Holt and Co., N. Y. 

Ward, Lock & Co., Limited. Gulliver's Travels 
by Jonathan Swift, D.D. With colored plates [by 
H. C. Sandy]. 

Pp. 320; 8 plates; cm. 21. 

Fore-title, and half-title to each part. 

Ward, Lock & Co., Limited. (London, Mel- 
bourne & Toronto). Gulliver in Liliput (sic) by 
Jonathan Swift, D. D. Retold by Edith Robarts ; 
illustrated in color. 

Pp. 93; 8 plates; cm. 14§. (Fore-title.) 
Title-page within ornamental border. 

Ward, Lock & Co. Gulliver's Travels . . . World. 
Swift . . . Dean. With a memoir of the author. 
Illustrated with upwards of 300 wood-engravings, 
from designs by J. G. Thomson, engraved by W.' 
L. Thomas. 

Pp. xxxvi, 364(16) ; cm. 20. (Fore-title.) 



178 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

Half-title to each part. Verses and ballads. Similar 
to the edition published by Frederick Warne & Co., (Bee- 
ton's Boys' Own Library.) 

Frederick Warne and Co. (N. Y. : Scribner, 
Welford, and Armstrong). Gulliver's Travels . . . 
World. A new edition, revised for general use. 

Pp. iv, 188; cm. 15. 

Four f. p. woodcuts after Phiz. 

Frederick Warne and Co. Gulliver's Travels 
. . . World. Swift . . . Dean. With a Memoir of 
the Author. Illustrated with upwards of 300 wood 
engravings, from designs by J. G. Thomson, en- 
graved by W. L. Thomas. 
Pp. xxxvi, 364; cm. 21. (Fore-title.) 

Half-title to each part, colored front, and ornamental 
title-page. (Beeton's Boy's Own Library.) 

Has Verses and ballads. 

Willoughby and Co. Gulliver's Travels . . . 
World. Swift . . . Dean. With a Life of the Au- 
thor. Embellished with numerous engravings, by 
first-rate artists. 

Pp. 11-306; 2 woodcut front's.; cm. 21. 

EDINBURGH 

G. Ross. Adventures of Captain Gulliver, in a 
Voyage to Lilliput. Edinburgh. [1814]. 

Pp. 47; cm. 9|. 

Wood cut front., vignette on title-page, and cuts in text. 

Like Glasgow edition of 1815. 



PARIS 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 179 

FRANCE 

Delarue. Voyages de Gulliver, par Swift. Tra- 
duction de l'Abbe Desfontaines, revue par Remond. 
Illustre de 130 dessins par H. £my et Telory. 

Pp. (ii)3S6; front; cm. 18£ (uncut). (Half-title.) 

E. Ducrocq, Successeur de P.-C. Lehuby. Same 
title as that of the Lehuby edition of [1843]. 

Pp. 447; cm. 21 J. (Half-title.) 

The plates are the same as in the Lehuby ed., but have 
a border. 

P.-C. Lehuby. Voyages de Gulliver dans les 
Contrees lointaines, par Swift. Nouvelle edition, 
corrigee et revetue de l'approbation de M. L'Abbe 
Lejeune, Chanoine de la Metropole de Rouen, Pro- 
fesseur a la Faculte de Theologie. Illustree de 20 
grands dessins par Bouchot, graves par MM. Brug- 
not, Chevin, Trichon, Poujet et Budzilowicz. Paris, 
Libraire de l'Enfance et de la Jeunesse. P.-C. Le- 
huby. [1843] 

Pp. 428; cm. 19. (Half-title.) 

Henry Laurens. Swift. Voyages de Gulliver. 
Illustrations de A. Robida. Edition pour la Jeun- 
esse, precede d'une introduction par M. L. Tarsot, 
Sous-Chef de Bureau au Ministere de l'lnstruction 
publique. [Vignette.] Paris. Librairie Renouard. 
Henri Laurens, fiditeur, 6, rue de Tournon, 6, Tous 
droits reserves. 
Pp. (2)iv, 128; cm. 27. (Half-title.) 



180 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

PARIS 

Charles Letaille. Voyages de Gulliver. Nou- 
velle edition specialement destinee a la jeunesse et 
ornee de nombreuses figures decoupes. 

Pp. 128; cm. 13*. (Half-title.) 

Illustrations "cut out" and mounted on inserted leaves. 
First two Parts only. 

Librairie F. Polo. Voyages de Gulliver par Swift, 
traduits par l'Abbe Desfontaines, precedes d'une 
etude sur la vie et les ecrits de Swift par Rene De- 
lorme. 

Pp. (4)xxiv, 328; hf. t. ; woodcuts after Morten by 
Cooper, and Linton; cm. 27. 

Cf. Cassell eds., London, etc. [c. 1872.] 

G. Marpon et E. Flammarion. Swift. Voyages 
de Gulliver. 
Pp. (2)ii, 315; no plates; cm. 15£. (Half-title.) 

Nelson (Paris, Londres, Edimbourg & New York). 
Voyages de Gulliver par Jonathan Swift. 

Pp. 64 ; 8 colored plates ; cm. 25. 

La Place, Sanchez et Cie. Voyages de Gulliver, 
par Swift. Traduction de l'abbe Desfontaine, re- 
vue, corrigee, et precede d'une Introduction par 
Jules Janin. Illustrations de Gavarni. Quatrieme 
Edition. 

Pp. iv, 380; 16 f. p. plates, and vign. on title-page; cm. 
25i (Fore-title, and half-title to each Part.) 

16 f . p. plates, and vign. on title-page. 

The cover has the imprint "Morizot, Libraire-Edi- 
teur" &c.) The text does not agree with that of the 
Paris ed. of 1727. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 181 

A. Quantin. Voyages de Gulliver. Traduction 
nouvelle et complete, par B.-H. Gausseron. Paris. 

Pp. (4)xii, 429(3) ; cm. 25J (28J, uncut). (Half-title: 
"Voyages chez plusieurs Nations reculees du Monde, par 
Lemuel Gulliver, d'abord Chirurgien, puis Capitaine sur 
differents Vaisseaux. Complet en quatre Parties.") 

Colored vign. on title-page and colored illust. in text, by 
V. A. Poirson. Cf. London, 1886, Nimmo. The editor 
says of the Paris ed. of 1727: "les suppressions, les addi- 
tions et les contresens les plus audacieux et les plus in- 
croyables s'etalent avec complaisance" (p. x). 

GERMANY 
BERLIN 

Globus Verlag. Gullivers Reisen, nach dem Eng- 
lischen des Jonathan Swift fur die Jugend bear- 
beitet. Mit Ulustrationen in Farbendruck nach 
Originalen von Max Wulff . 

Pp. 238; 5 plates; cm. 2\\. 

COLOGNE 

Verlag Hermann & Friedrich Schaffstein. Gul- 
livers Reisen nach Lilliput und Brobdingnag von 
Jonathan Swift. Nach Fr. Kottenkamps Ueber- 
setzung aus dem Englisehen durchgesehen und 
ausgewahlt von H. Schaffstein. Fur Knaben und 
Madchen vom 12ten Jahre an. 

Pp. 122(2) ; cm. 20. (Fore-title, and half-title to each 
Part.) 

Fore-title, and half-title to each part. 

Not expurgated. 

LEIPZIG 

Abel & Miiller. Gulliver's Reizen zu fremden 



182 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

und seltsamen Volkern. Ulustriert von Prof. 
Schmidt und anderen. 

Pp. 230(2) ; 4 colored plates; wood cuts in text; cm. 20. 

WESEL 

Verlag von W. Diims. Gulliver's Reizen und 

Abenteuer bei den Zwergen und Riesen. Der 

Jugend neu erzahlt von Ferdinand Goebel. Mit 
Farbendruckbildern von W. Schaefer. 

' Pp. v, 72; 3 colored plates ; cm. 

HOLLAND — DUTCH 

AMSTERDAM 

Van Holkema & Warendorf. Gulliver's Reizen 
bewerkt onder toezicht van C. Joh. Kieviet. Geil- 
lustreerd met gekleurde en zwarte platen. 

Pp. iv, 212; 4 colored plates; woodcuts in text; cm. 24. 
(Half-titles.) 

Consists of 5 parts, of which Pt. 4 contains matter in 
Vol. 3 of the English editions, and Part 5 treats of cen- 
taurs, instead of horses. 

L. J. Veen. Gulliver's Reizen naar Liliput en 
andere vreemde Landen. Voor de Jeugd bewerkt 
door J. J. A. Goeverneur. Mit 6 Platen naar 
Aquarellen van Wm. Steelink. Derde Druk. 
Pp. 4, 210(2) ; cm. 22. (Half-titles.) Qrily two Parts. 

W. Versluys. Gulliver's Reizen naar Lilliput en 
Brobdingnag, door Jonathan Swift. Vertaald door 
Albert Verwey. Met 23 Afbeeldingen. 

Pp. 144 ; cm. 19£. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 183 

NO PLACE 

(No Pub.) Gulliver's Reizen. Voor de Jeugd 
bewerkt. Naar Jonathan Swift. Met vele ge- 
kleurde platen. 

Pp. 80; 3 £. p. colored plates; cm. 18J. Colored boards. 

PURMERENDE 

W. A. Makkes. Gulliver's Reis naar Lilliput. 

Pp. iv, 34(2) ; 8 colored plates; illus. title-page; cm. 13. 
(Half-title.) 

SWEDEN 
STOCKHOLM 

F. C. Askerbergs Forlag. Gullivers Resor i obe- 
kanta Lander af Jonathan Swift. Ofversattning 
f ran Engelska originalet. Tva Delar : Resorna till 
Lilliput och Brobdingnag. Med ofver 50 illustra- 
tioner och en planch i fargtryck. [ 1882] . 

Pp. xvi, 228; front, and port.; cm. 17. 

J. W. Lofvings Forlag. Kapten Lemuel Gul- 
livers Resa till Lilleputernes Land. En under- 
hallande Berattelse for Barn. Med 6 kolorerade 
planscher. 

Pp. 32; cm. 9ixl3. 

NORTH AMERICA 
PHILADELPHIA 

Henry Altemus. Jonathan Swift. Gulliver's 



184 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

Travels arranged for young readers. [Parts 1 and 
2-] 

Pp. 222; col'd front.; woodcuts; cm. 16. 
Ornamental fore-title and title-page. 

Henry Altemus. Gulliver's Travels into some 
remote regions of the world. By Jonathan Swift, 
D.D. With 55 illustrations. [1896.] 
Pp. ii, 5-216(4) ; col'd front.; cm. lSi. 

Henry Altemus Company. [Same title and text 
as preceding.] With fifty-five illustrations. Copy- 
right 1899 by Henry Altemus. 

Pp. ii, (5 to 9)— 216(12 to 28) ; cm. 16. 

Title-page in red or blue, with black or green border. 
Front, in blue or black. ("Altemus' Young People's Li- 
brary.") 

David McKay. Gulliver's Travels . . . World. 
By Dean Swift. With ten full page colored plates 
and fifty wood engravings. 

Pp. 446; cm. 19. 

Half-title ; and half-title to Life of Dean Swift, and to 
each part. Probably belongs to "McKay's Colored Clas- 
sics." 

David McKay. Gulliver's Travels . . . World. 
By Jonathan Swift, D.D. With four full-page col- 
ored plates and numerous illustrations. 

Pp. ii, 7-196; colored front.; cm. 17. ("McKay's Young 
People's Classics.") Parts I and II. 

NEW YORK 

The American News Company. Travels . . . 
World. By Jonathan Swift. 

Pp. (2)383; front, 5 plates; cm. 18i 

Half-title to each part. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 185 

A. L. Burt. Gulliver's Travels . . . World. Swift 
. . . Dean. Illustrated by Gordon Browne and C. 
E. Brock. 

Pp. (2)230(14) ; colored front.; cm. 18£. 
Half-title to each of the two parts. 

A. L. Burt. Gulliver's Travels . . . World. In 
words of one syllable. By J. C. G. From the 
original by Dean Swift. Illustrated. 

Pp. 94(2) ; cm. 20. Copyright 1895. 

A. L. Burt Company. Gulliver's Travels . . . 
World. By Jonathan Swift, D.D. With eight 
illus. in colors and thirty-seven drawings in black 
and white, by Gordon Browne and C. E. Brock. 

Pp. xxii, 468. 
Half-title to each part. 

H. M. Caldwell Company (New York and Bos- 
ton). Gulliver's Travels . . . World. By Dean 
Swift. A new edition, with explanatory notes and 
a life of the author, by John Francis Waller, LI/.D. 
With fifty wood-engravings, and ten original color- 
ed plates. 

Pp. 446; cm. 19£. ("Caldwell's Juvenile Classics, with 
colored illustrations.") 

Gen. half-title ; half-title to Life of Dean Swift, and to 
each Part. Title in red and black. Verses. 

H. M. Caldwell Company (New York and Bos- 
ton). Gulliver's Travels . . . World. Swift . . . 
Dean. With eighteen illustrations by Gordon 
Brown and others, and ten original colored plates. 

Pp. ii. 7-333 (9 blank + 16) ; cm. 19. ("Caldwell's Ju- 
venile Classics, with colored illustrations.") 

Verses. 



186 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

H. M. Caldwell Company (New York and Bos- 
ton). Gulliver's Travels in Lilliput and Brobding- 
nag. From the Story by Dean Swift. 

Pp. ii, 128; cm. 18. 

Seven colored plates, and process plates in text. Printed 
in Scotland. 

Chatterton-Peck Co. Gulliver's Travels into 
some remote Regions of the World. By Jonathan 
Swift, D.D. With seventy illustrations. 

Pp. 198(4) ; cm. 19. (Half-title.) 
Six illus. in color. 

Thomas Y. Crowell & Co. Travels . . . World. 
Gulliver . . . Ships. Four. 

Pp. xii, 384; cm. 16i 

The usual maps, and six f. p. illustrations, part colored. 

Henry Holt & Company. Gulliver's Voyages to 
Lilliput and Brobdingnag. Written by Jonathan 
Swift. Illustrated by P. A. Staynes. 

Pp. xiv, 238; cm. 20. (Fore-title.) 

Ornamental half-title to each part, with map on verso. 

First issued in 1912. Cf. supra, London, Sidgwick. 

Lovell Brothers & Company. Gulliver's Travels. 

Illustrated. 

Pp. xii, 13-310; cm. 18. 

Vign. on title-page ; wood cuts in text. Copy examined 
had preliminary pages, only iii to viii. 

The F. M. Lupton Publishing Company. Trav- 
els .. . World. Four. Lemuel . . . Ships. With 
copious notes, and a life of the author, by W. C. 
Taylor, LL.D., of Trinity College, Dublin. 

Pp. 5-333; cm. 18. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 137 

McLoughlin Brothers. Gulliver's Travels into 
some remote regions of the World. By Dean 
Swift. With Illustrations by T. Morten. 
Pp. ii, 158; col'd front.; two Parts; cm. 23. 

h T S1 ,f t6r ' Gulliver ' s Travels into the Kingdom 
of Lilliput : recording his strange adventure in that 
remote country. Embellished with neat engrav- 
ings on wood. 

Pp. 36; front; cm. 15. 

Vign., and cuts in the text. Bound with other stories. 
Sully and Kleinteich. Gulliver's Travels By 
Jonathan Swift. Abridged by W. Dingwell For- 
dyce. (Printed in Great Britain.) 

Pp. 64; 8 colored mounted illus.; cm. 25i 



BOSTON, ETC. 



Ginn and Company. Gulliver's Travels. A Voy- 
age to Lilliput and a Voyage to Brobdingnag. By 
Jonathan Swift, D.D. (Lemuel Gulliver). First 
a Surgeon and then a Captain of several ships 
Edited by Edward K. Robinson. Illustrated by 
Charles Copeland. [1914.] Boston, New York, 
Chicago, London. 

Pp. vi, 256; cm. 17 J. (Half-title to each Part, with man 
on verso.) v 

Ginn & Company. Gulliver's Travels. I. A 
Voyage to Lilliput. II. A Voyage to Brobding- 
nag. By Jonathan Swift, Dean of St. Patrick 
[sic]. Edited for schools, with notes and a sketch 
of the author's life. Boston, New York, Chicago 
London. ' 

"2139 " X )' 162(4); Cm - m - ( Co P}'"g ht 1886, "25.1"- 



188 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS 

Houghton Mifflin Company. Gulliver's Travels. 
Part I. A Voyage to Lilliput. By Jonathan Swift, 
with introductory sketch and notes. Boston, New 
York, Chicago. 
Pp. 102(2) ; front, map; cm. 17i (Copyright 1896.) 

(The Riverside Literature Series.) Contains the verses 
to Quinbus Flestrin. (Part II printed separately in a 
similar manner?) 

Lee and Shepard (Charles T. Dillingham, N. Y.). 
Gulliver's Travels . . . World. Illustrated by H. 
R. Browne. A new edition revised for general use. 

Pp. iv, 7-314(8) ; cm. 17. (Illus. fore-title, and vign.) 

James Redpath. A Voyage to Lilliput. By 

Lemuel Gulliver. 

Pp. 77; cm. 16. 

Additional title-page is an illustration, with the words 
"Gulliver's Travels" superimposed. Original paper cover 
bears the series name, "Redpath's books for the camp 
fires." B. P. L. Copy not examined. 

CHICAGO 

W. B. Conkey Company. Gulliver's Travels into 
some remote regions of the world. By Jonathan 
Swift, D.D. With sixty illustrations. 

Pp. 188(4); colored front.; cm. 16|. (Half-title.) 

Only two Parts. 

Donohue Brothers. Gulliver's Travels . . . World. 
Four. Complete edition, with copious notes and a 
life of the author. By W. C. Taylor, LL.D. of 
Trinity College, Dublin. 

Pp. ii, 7-334; cm. 18. 

No illustrations. Appendices, to Lilliput and Laputa. 
Verses. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 189 

Donohue, Henneberry & Co. Gulliver's Travels 
. . . World. By Dean Swift. A new edition, edit- 
ed for young - readers by Edwin O. Chapman. With 
more than 250 illustrations. 

Pp. 176. 

Rand, McNally & Company (Chicago and New 
York) . Gulliver's Travels. By Dean Swift. 

Pp. 354(4) ; cm. 18. 

Rand, McNally & Company (Chicago and New 
York). Gulliver's Travels. By Jonathan Swift. 
With illustrations by Milo Winter. 

Pp. xii, 344; cm. 23. (Gen. half-title, and half-title to 
each Part.) 

Copyrighted 1912. 

CINCINNATI 

U. P. James. Travels . . . World. Lemuel . . . 
Ships. By Dean Swift. Embellished with wood 
cuts. Cincinnati. 

Pp. 170; 5 f. p. illus.; cm. 131. 
B. P. L. Copy not examined. 

University Press. The Sources of Gulliver's 
Travels. Max Poll [&c]. 

Pp. 23; cm. 22^. 

This pamphlet it undated. It contains no reference to 
Collins's work, 1893. 



FACSIMILES OF TITLES 




Plats I 
Portrait of Gulliver : First State 



TRAVELS 

INTO S EVE RAL 

Remote Nations 

OF THE 

WORLD. 



In Four .PARTS. 



By LEMUEL GULLIVER, 

Firft a Surgeon, and then a Cap- 
tain of feveral SHIPS, 



Vol. I. 



L 2%<fD N: 

^Printed for B e n j. M b t x e, at the 
Middle Temple-Gate in Fleet-ftreet. 

M DCC XXVI. 



Plate; II 

First Edition. General Title Page to Vol. I. (Used also for 

Second Edition.) 



F 



TRAVELS 

INTO SEVERAL. 

• ■ 

Remote Nations 

OF THE 

WORLD. 



PART I. 
A-Voyage to LILLITUT. 




L'O K 2> im- 
printed in the Year M DGC XX VL 



Plate III 

First Edition. Separate Title Page to Part I. (Used also 

for Second Edition.) 



TRAVELS 

INTO SEVERAL 

Remote Nations 

of the:/; 

W O RLD. 

By Captain Lemuel Gulliver. 

P A R T II. 

A Voyage to BROBDINGNAG. 



L O N<D O N: 

Printed in the Year, MDCCXXVI. 



Plate IV 

First Edition. Separate Title Page to Part II. (Used also 

for Second Edition.) 



TRAVELS 

INTO SEVERAL 

Remote Nations 

OFT II E 

WORLD. 



By Captain Lemuel Gulliver. 



PART III. 

A Voyage to Laputa, Balnibarbi, 

Glubbdubdrib, Luggnagg and 
Japan. 

PART IV. 

A Voyage to the Houy h n h n ms. 



L N D N : 

Printed for Be n j a mi n Motte, at the 
Middk-TempU-Gatc. MDCCXXVI. 



. - 



Plate V 
First Edition. General Title Page to Vol. II, Parts III 



and IV 



-i n i n i i n ' i i ' " "' 



TRAVELS 

INTO SEVERAL 

Remote Nations 

01 THE 





By Captain Lemuel Gulliver. 



p a! t iv. 

A Voyage to the HouYHNimMS. 



Z Q N D N: 
Printed in die Year, Itf D£C XXVL 



Plats VI 
First Edition. Separate Title Page to Part IV 



TRAVELS 

INTO SEVERAL 

Remote Nations 

, OF THE 

WORLD. 



IN FOUR PARTS. 



By LEMUEL GULLIVER, 

firft a Surgeon, and then a, Captain 

of feveral SHIPS. 



VOL. I. , 



L O ND O N: 

Printed for Benj. Motte, at the Middle 

Temple-Gate in Fleet- ftreet. 

M,DCC,XXVI. 



Plate VII 
Third Edition. General Title Page to Vol. I 



TRAVELS 

INTO; SEVERAL 

Remote Nations 

OF T H'E 

OR L D. 




By Captain Lemuel- Gulliver. 



VOL. II. 



- PART III. 
A Voyage to Laputa, Balnibarei, 
Glubbdubdribb, Luggnagg, and 
Japan. * '] t 

FART IV. 
A Voyage' to the Ho uyhnhn ms. 



L O N T> O N '':".''■ 
Printed for Benjamin Mottej at the 
Middle-Temple-Gate. M dcc xx vi. 



Plats VIII 

Third Edition. General Title Page to Vol. II. (Used also 

for Second Edition, Type B.) 







HllilllH 



ll'IIIIHIllllHilH 



Plats IX 
Portrait of Gulliver : Second State 




ij,;„ . nenti.J/'^/nce-chffli qctiert>/o >■ -pccfttJ nenc/Io, 



Plats X 
Portrait of Gulliver : Third State 



-a 





' "" : ""' . • i ■ ' - ■ 


'travels 


; INTO SEVERAL 


Remote 


Nations 


OF 


THE 



WORLD. 



By Captain Lemuel Gulliver. 

PART III. 

A Voyage to Laputa, Balnibarbi, 
Glubbdubdrib, Luggnagg, and 

Japan. 

PA R T IV. 

A Voyage to the Houyh nh n ms. 

The Second Edition. 



L O NT) O N: 

Printed for Benjamin Motte, at the 
> Middle-Temple -Gate, M.dcc.xxvi. 



Plats XI 

Second Edition. General Title Page to Vol. II (Type A), 

Parts III and IV. ("The Second Edition.") 



M4 .A VmYlS G E . 

in tl&irieanefi Hafck, BdtQ& of them tell- 
ing me they^ died in P^erty and Difr 
gmce, and the reft oil a; Scaffold or a. 
Gibbet* ., L -rj yf > ; ,-.; • . ■% 

, , ,4 ^ ° s- Q rf$ #$ tnere . was ° ne ^ er * 

(on whoCe Cafe, appeared a little ngu- : 
laj* ^ &$ a ^; Youitfi afeput eighteen 
Years r oJ|d %^Wg f$ 14* £<& ; Hs *°^ 

* ine he, had fof many Years been Cqmr- 
jiiander^^pf ia Sh^ ( and i$ the Sea JPight 
it; ; .Jtf^ifyfa, .h^rjhe .go6jc| Fortune t# 
bre$ ^ouglv;^e Jbej^V great &t«$ 
pf Battle, fink^fl^e pg\tibek Capital; 
Ships, and take/ fourth* which was 
^ IpJ^^iife ^^j^^^SjIlj^hj^ an^ 

. $f the Xti^orjt : t|at* : enfuedi.:tfet ^te 
Youth J^PJ^-ISf &% h^^nly r§c% 

$§>$& |he, ConJ^^ 

Rome* aM-S^i$$ *fe tbe^gpftm of Jur 

Jpfte* t&?%$ W^tifM 'J^ffsatss Shift} _ 

\*hoie Co^alliandte &ad hee fl Hukd ; but 

ki&pUt.aly iregarel to' his Bsetenfions* 




Plats XII 

First Edition. Page 114, Vol. II, Part III. ("ngular" for 

"singular.") 



ii4 ^VOYAGE 

in the meaneft Habit, mod of them tell- 
ing me they died in Poverty and Dif. 
grace, and the reft on a Scaffold or a 
Gibbet. 

"Among the reft there was one Per- 
Ton whofc Cafe appeared a little lingu- 
lar. He had a Youth about eighteen 
Years old Handing by his fide. He told 
0ie he had for many Years been Com- 
mander of a Ship, and in the Sea Fight 
at jHium, had the good Fortune to 
breakthrough the Enemy's great Ljne 
of Battle, fink three of their Capital 
Ships, and take a fourth, which was 
the fole Caufe of (Anthony's Flight, and 
of the Victory that enfued ; that the 
Youth- ftanding by him, his only Son, 
was killed in the Aclion. He added, that 
upon the Confidence of fome Merit, 
this War being at an end, he went to 
Kome y and folicited at the Court of Au- 
piflus to be preferred to a greater Ship, 
whofe Commander had been killed • but: 
without any regard to his Prctenfions, 

if 



Plate XII I 

Second Edition (Type B). Page 114, Vol. II, Part III. 

("lingular.") 



TRAVELS 

INTO SEVERAL 

Remote Nations 

O F T H E 

ORLD. 




In Four PART S. 



By L E MV EL GVL LIFER, 

Firft aSuR&EON, and then a Captain 
of feveral S J^ I P S. 



Tp which are prefix xJ, 

Several -Copies ■ of VERSES Expla- 
planatory and Commendatory 5 never be- 
fore printed. \ x 



Vol. I. 



The Second Edition. 



L 6 N p O N: 

Printed for Be n j. Motte, at< the Middle 
Temple Gate in Fleet-ftreet. Mdccxxvii. 



Plats XIV 

Fourth (8vo) Edition, 1727: General Title Page to Vol. I. 

("The Second Edition.") 



TRAVELS 

INTO SEVERAL 

Remote Nations 

O F THE 

WORLD. 



By Captain LemuelGulliver. 



P A R T III. 

A Voyage to La put a, Balni eaibi, 
Glubbdubjo r ib,. Luggnagg and 

J A P S A N. 

P A R T IV. 

A Voyage to the'Hoy yhnhnms. 



Vol. II. 

— ■ l ' "1 r-i i i " i ' i ' ■-'■ "■! 

The Second Edition, Corrected. - 

. 1 . ' ii ii i ii i i i i n i . i i i i | _ . m 

L Q N DO N /• ■. 

Printed for Benjamin Motte, at the Middk* 
Temple-Gate. MDCCXXVil. 



Plate: XV 

Fourth (8vo) Edition, 1727: General Title Page to Vol. II, 

Parts III and IV. ("The Second Edition, Corrected.") 



TRAVELS 

INTO SEVERAL 

Remote Nations 

OF THE 

LD. 



IN FOUR PARTS. 



• 



By -LEMUEL GULLIVER, 

firft a Surgeon, arid then a Captain 

of feveral SHIPS. 



VOL. I. 



L ON D O Ni 

Printed for Benj. MorrE, at the Middle 
Temple-Gate in Fleet-ftreec. 
M, DCC,XXV1I. 



Plate XVI 
Fourth Edition (24mo), 1727: General Title Page to Vol. I 



ferent Ages, the youngeft not above two 
hundred; Years old, who were brought 
me at' feveral times by ibme of my - 
Friends*, but although they were, told 
that I was a great Traveller, and had 
feett all the World, they had not the leaft 
Curiofity to ask me a Queftion -, only de- 
fired I would give them Slumskudask, or 
a Token of Remembrance, Which", is a 
modeft way of begging, to avoid the Law 
that ftriftiy forbids it-, becaufe they .a^e 
provided for by the Publiek, although, 
indeed, with a very fcanty Allowance./ 

They arc deprived and Hated) by all 
fort of People :. when oner of them js 
born, it is reckoned ominous, and their 
Birth is recorded, very particularly V fb 
that you may know their/ Age by con- 
fulting the Regiftry, which, however, 
hath not been kept above a thou&nd 
Years paft, or at leaft hath been deftroy- 
ed by Time or.publick Difturbances* But 
the uliial way of computing how old they 
are^ iis by asking them what Kings Or 
great Perfbns they can remember, and. 
then confultrag Hiftory } for infallibly the 
laft Prince, in their Mind, did not begin 
his Reign after they were fourfcore Years 
old. ^ 

The r were the moft mortifying Sight 
I ever beheld, and the Women more 

horrible 



Plate XVII 
Fourth Edition (24mo), 1727: Page 109, Vol. II, Part III 



VOLUME E 

Of the Authors 

works. 

CO NT A I NING, 

TRAVELS 

INTO SEVERAL 

Remote Nations of the WORL D« 

In Four Parts, vizi 



LA Voyage to Lil- 

II PUT, 

II. A Voyage to Brob- 
pingnag. 

i 

III. A Voyage to La- 



PUTA, BaLNIBARBI, 

Luggnagg,Glubb- 
dubdrib and 'Japan* 

IV. A Voyage to the 
Counto of the 

HoUYHNHNMS, 



By LEMUEL GULLIVER, firft a Surgeon v 
ami then a Captain of feveral Ships. 



Valgus ahhorret afrbis. 



Retreqi 



fa this Impreflion feveral Errors in the London and Dubliify 
Editions are corrected. 



DUB L tNl. 

Printed by and for George Faulkner, Printed 
"\and Bookfeller, in Ej[e%-§trtet t opposite toth^ 
Bridge. Mpccxxxv, 



Plats XVIII 
Dublin Edition (8vo Faulkner), 1735 : Title Page 




Plate XIX 
Dublin Edition (8vo Faulkner), 1735: Portrait of Gulliver 



TRAVELS 

INTO 3EVERAL 

Remote Nations 

O F THE 

WORLD. 



In Four PARTS. 



By LEMUEL GULLIVER y 
Firft a Surgeon, and then a Captain 
of feveral SHIPS. 



Vol. L 



In this Imprefiion, feveral Errors in the 
London Edition are Corre&ed. 



DUEL IN: 

Printed by and for J.Hyd e, Book- 
feller in Dam's Street, 1716. 



Plats XX 
Dublin Edition (Cm. 16^, Hyde), 1726: Title Page 



T R A V EL S 


INTO SEVERAL 


Remote Nations 


OFT HE 


WORLD. 



By Capt. Lemuel Guli ver< 



Faithfully Abridged. 




L ON D O Ni 

Printed for J. Stone, againft Bedford Row, ana 
R. King, at the 'Prime'**- Arms in St, Tflul'z 
Church-lard. MDCCXXVIL 



Plate XXI 
London Edition (Cm. 16, Stone), 1727: Title Page 



VOYAGES 



D E 



GULLIVER. 

TOME PREMIER. 
Seconde Edition, 




A PARI S a rue S. Jacques. 

f Gabriel Martin, vis-a-vis 
f la rue duPlatre, a l'Etoile. 
ChcJ H TJ i :? LIT J E -L0Uis Guerin, 
^ a 5. Thomas d'Aquin, vis-a-vis S. Yves< 
I Ee Quay des Auguftins , 

, Dans la boutique de la V. COUSTELIER . 
V. chez Jacques Guerin. 

M. DCC. XXVII. 

AVEC HKIFILEGE DU ROK ' 



Plats XXII 
Paris Edition (Cm. 14, Martin), 1727: Title Page 



REISBESCHBLYVING 

na verscheyde'afgelegene 
•natien in de wereld. 

R E Y S N A 

LILLIPU T; 

DQOK 
LEMUEL GULLIVEK 

E E K S T E X> E E L. 




IN r 'iGRAFENHAGE 
by ALBERTS & VANQER KLO0T, 

■MDCCXXVII. 



Plats XXIII 
Hague Edition (Cm. 15, Alberts), 1727: Title Page 



VOYAGES 

DU CAPITAINE 

LEMUEL GULLIVER, 

E N 

DIVERS PAYS 

ELOIGHEZ. 

TOME PREMIER, 
Premiers Pari ie. 

Contenant Ie Voyage de Lilliput. 




Ae Schr&derWlrtz- 



A LA HA TE, 

hex p, G.OSS.E '& J. NEAULME, 

MDCCXKVIL 



Plate XXIV 
Hague Edition (Cm. 16, Gosse), 1727: Title Page 




YAGES 

D E 

GULLIVER. 

TOME PREMIER. 

Second e Edition „ re vie & wrigee 4 




A MTLDENDO, 

£hcz les Frer'es PI G M E O S, 

aAvcc Privilege de VEmperw M LWtfnt* 



Plats XXV 

'Mildendo" Edition (Cm. \Sy 2 , "Pigmeos"), 1727 

Title Page 



& 



96-78 



» u ** 





















A 












* ^V-^V -^^fflii^P' <-'7 v/ \\ °T!/ifw\W» a_V«*