Skip to main content

Full text of "Biographical and portrait cyclopedia of Schuylkill County Pennsylvania : comprising a historical sketch of the county"

See other formats







^-r BT-sr-sr-T- — 


JH)<r'*-j — '-r 


■ ft nr 

i 5 *^ '81 



(("■* 1 

/ o 




rniNTKO IN u > * 

tLjI^^ortratt evcloMdIa of 


3 1924 028 854 598 


Cornell University 

The original of this book is in 
the Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 














By hi NkV W RUOFF 

I L 1- I : -^ F l< A I EC l> 




Press of 

The Jas. B. Rodgers Printing Company, 

52 and 54 North Sixth Street, 



THE last written usually, though the Index, which will render easy reference not 

first read by most intelligent book- only to each biography, but to every incident 

men, is this page. Hence it is that authors of interest in the book. 

often use this privilege to fence against In the Historical feature of the work, a 

adverse criticism, or apologize for errors ; grouping <if the main facts, and not an e^- 

of omission or commission, singularly (or- : haustivc history of the county, was attempted, 

getting the f.u t that nothing of man's crca- , whilst in the Biographical feature, in.stcad <<( 

tion is perfect, and that the dear critics arc | devoting large space to the men of iirc-Kcvo- 

not only busy jjointing out the " Mist.ikcs of I lutionary times, it was intcndctl to make this 

Moses, ■ but are exploiting upon the faults of a //rr Cyclopedia, which, while it preserves 

creation itself We welcome them all, for much that is valuable ftlUfce past, will include 

doubters and critics we esteem the salt of 
every civilization, and \vc will rest content 
that every person competent to know, after 

the men who are doing the work and mould- 
ing the thought of the present time. This 
work, we believe, will supply an invaluable 

even a superficial examination, will realize I and useful means for establishing identity, 

that the whole has not been the work of " the j -^-elationship, birth, official position, details as 

idle singer of an empty day." ' to many military records and other important 

The work is divided into two parts : His- I data which are necessary to the making up 

torical and Biographical, with a full analytical | of family history. 

The Publishers. 

I 9 3 F/, 

Tablk of Contents. 



liKK.UI/rURE, Slali 
Anthracite Coal, I)is(( 

Agricultur:il Societies . 


OROU(;H Ili^l..iy 
Horoti^hs , , . 
Ashland . , 
t "icssnna . 
Delano . 
( iilliirlcMi . . 
( '■iianlvillo . 
( i* HI Ion . . , 
Miih.iniiy City 
Miihllcport , 
Mt. < "arUin . 
New I'hUndvlphia 
New Ringgold 
< >rwij;-.I)ur^ . . 
I'.ilo All,, 
I'inf ( iiovr . . 
I'orl Carbon 
I'orl Cliiilon 
Si. I' .... 
Sihuylkill llavcn 
Tania(|na . . 
Tn-nlont , . 
•|'..»i-i City 

I s of , 1 90 
cry of 
28 and 201 




I So 




■ 68 

/^IVII. 1< 
^^ r'oncr 

prcsMnen . 
Judges. . . . 




( "'ilntniv.ionors , ... 

Registers of WilK, Clerk 

of (tii>>v' Court anil 

County Reconli r . . 


Koijisii-r of WilK and Clerk 

of()r[thans* Court 
Clerk of the Courts 
Slate Representatives, 
Stall- Senators . 
( ivil War, The . . 

Washington Artillery . 
National Light Infantry 
Ufficers and men of the Mftli 
IVruisy K.Mii.i from Schuyl- 
kill county 

Company C 

Company E 

Com|>any K ... 
Company I 


37 I 
37 1 

* .V* 


SiMli Regiment IVni) 

Volunteers . , . . 

C'omp.iny H . . . . 

( "onipany C . . . . 

Company D . . . . 

Company K . . . , 

Company V . . . . 

Company G . . . . 

Company II ... . 

\ K aiiia 





52 I 



54 ■( 

55 i 

N'inth Regiment Pennsylvania 

Volunteers 57 

Company H 57 

Company K . . 57 
Tenth Regiment IViin^vUania 

\'oluiiUirs 58 

Coni|iony ('• 5S 

Scott's Ritles, of Tomar|ua . . 58 
Washington Light Infantry, of 

Pine lirove 58 

Fourteenth Regiment I'rnn^yl 

vonia Volunteers ... 59 

Comiwny B (l-afayette Killcs) 51) 
Com|iany I; (Lafayette Rilles, 

of St. Clair) 59 

Sixteenth Regiment Pennsylva 

nia Volunteers 59 

Company B 59 

Company D 60 

Comimny E 60 

Company I 60 

Schuylkill Uuards, of Mincri- 

ville 61 

Twenty-seventh Regiment P. 

V. M 61 

Twenty-seventh Regiment Pa. 

Vols 61 

Thirty-ninth Regiment I". \'. M. (12 
Fortieth Rt^iment — Eleventh 

Reserves 62 

Forty-eighth Pa. Vols 62 

Company A 63 

Company B ('4 

Company C . . . 65 

* 'onii.aiiy D . . f^t< 



Company E 67 

Company F 68 

Company G 69 

Company H 70 

Company I 72 

Company K 73 

Casualties in the Forty-eighth 74 

Fiftieth Regiment Pa. Vols. . . 80 

Company A 81 

Company B -. . 82 

Company C . . . .82 

Casualties in the Fiftieth . . 83 

Fifty-second Regiment Pa. Vols. 84 

Fifty-third Regiment Pa. Vols. 85 

Fifty-fifth Regiment Pa. Vols. 85 

Company E 85 

Casualties 85 

Fifty-sixth Regiment Pa. Vols. 86 

Company C 87 

Company D 87 

Company E 87 

Company K 87 

Casualties 87 

Sixtieth Regiment — Third Cav- 
alry 87 

Company I 87 

Sixty-fifth Regiment — Fifth Cav- 
alry : . 88 

Representatives from Schuylkill 

county in 

Sixty-Seventh Regiment . . 89 

Seventieth Regiment ... 90 

Seventy-fiflh Regiment ... 91 

Seventy-sixth Regiment . . 91 

Eighty-first Regiment, Pa. Vol. 91 

Eightieth Regiment 91 

Company A 92 

Company E 92 

Company F 92 

Company G 94 

•Company 1 94 

Casualties 95 

Eighty-ninth Regiment — Eighth 

Cavalry 95 

Ninety-Third Regiment, Pa. Vol ■96 

Ninety-sixth Regiment .... 96 

Company A 97 

Company B ...••• . 98 

Company C 98 

Company D 9*9 

Company E 99 

Company F 100 

Comjiany G 100 

Company H lOI 



Company I loi 

Company K 102 

Casualties 104 

Ninety-ninth Regiment, Pa. Vol. 107 
One Hundred and Fourth Regi- 
ment, Pa. Vol 107 

One Hundred and Seventh Regi- 
ment, Pa. Vol . . . . lo8 
One hundred and Eighth Regi- 
ment — Eleventh Cavalry . 108 
One Hundred and Sixteenth 

Regiment, Pa. Vol. . . 109 
Thirteenth Cavalry — Irish Dra- 
goons no 

One Hundred and Tvfenty- 

seventh Pa. Vol no 

Company K no 

One Hundred and Twenty-ninth 

Regiment, Pa. Vol ... in 

Company A Ill 

Company B 112 

Company E 112 

Company G 113 

Company H 113 

Casualties 114 

One Hundred and Thirty- 
seventh Pa.,Vol 115 

Company K 115 

One Hundred and Fifty-first, Pa. 

Vol ns 

Company 1 115 

One Hundred and Sixty-first . 116 

Company A n6 

Company B 116 

One Hundred and Sixty-second n6 

Company H 117 

Company F 117 

Casualties 117 

One Hundred and Seventy-third 118 
One Hundred and Eighty- 
fourth, Pa. Vol n8 

Company F 118 

One Hundred and Ninety- 
fourth, Pa. Vol n8 

Two Hundred and Tenth, Pa. 

Vol 119 

Company E 119 

Two Hundred and Fourteenth 

Reg. Pa. Vol 119 

Schuylkill men in other Regi- 
ments 120 

In the Navy 125 

In Regiments not ascertained . 125 
Coal Industry, The 127 


Coal Trade, Growth of 48 

Coal Production, Growth of . . 44 

Churches I47 

County Seat, Removal of . . 48 

County Formation . ... 30 

Coal Developments, Recent . 13S 

Coal Stage, Pioneer 43 

"PORGES and Furnaces, Early . 29 

-^ Frontier Forts ... . 27 

Flood of 1850 48 

/-'EOLOGY . . . . 19 

^-^ Geography 17 

Girard Coal Lands 201 

■ TT ISTORICAL Sketch of 
•'^ Schuylkill County . , 1 7-208 


Indian Depredations .... 27 

T ONG Strike, The . . . . 130 - 

-^ Lumbering 29 

lyr EMBERS of the Bar . . 40 

■'■'■'■ Medical 147 

Physicians, Registered . 147 
Dentists " -IS' 
Veterinary Surgeons, Reg- 
istered ....... 151 

Mound-builders . 23 

Mexican War 47 

Roster Co. "B" 47 

MoUie Maguires 131 


piKES 140 

-*- Postal 152 

Political 151 

Public Buildings 190 

Court House 193 

County Prison 193 

Almshouse 194 

Miners' Hospital ... . 197 

Press, The 154 

Papers in the County .... 155 

Pottsville Athenaeum 202 

Pottsville Scientific Association . 202 

Pioneer Settlers 25 



C ECRET Societies . . . . 153-200 I 

Schools 143 : 

Schuylkill Navigation 43 

Statistics 197 

Total Population . ... 197 

Minor Civil Divisions . . . 197 

Manufacturing ... 199 

Agriculture 199 ' 

Taxation . 200 

Indebtedness 200 


* Tory Path, The 28 j 

Townships . . ... 180 j 

Barry 180 j 

Blythe 180 | 

Branch r8i ! 

Butler 181 ' 


Cass 182 

East Brunswick 182 

East Norwegian 183 

East Union 183 

Eldred 183 

Foster 183 

Frailey ... 183 

Hegins 184 

Hubley ... . 184 

Klein 184 

Mabanoy . . 185 

New Castle ' 185 

North Manbeim . iSo 

North Union 186 

Norwegian ... 186 

Pine Grove 1S6 

Porter 187 

Rahn 187 


ReUly 187 

Rash 188 

Ryan . . . . • . . . . iSS 

Schuylkill iSS 

South Manbeim 188 

Tremont 1 88 

Union 189 

Upper Mahantongo ... iSo 

Washington ... iSo 

Waj-ne iSq 

\Vo>t Mabanoy 190 

West Brunswick u>i 

Walker too 

West Penn 190 

I TMi IN Canal 44 

A\r.\K of 1812 |>i 





A UMAN, Samuel 254 

•^^ Adam, John M 287 

Aikman, James 387 

Allison, Robert 395 

Albright, Hiester S 421 

Altstatt, Francis .... .481 

Allen, Charles F 528 

Atkins, William 584 

Arters, Professor ChaiJes D. . . . 599 

Adams, George 680 

Acker Charles R 747 

TJANNAN, Benjamin 213 

Barlow, Ephraira . . . 225 

Brown, Col. David P 229 

Binkley, Dr. George K 239 

Bensinger, Charles 247 

Brumm, Hon. Charles N. . . . 248 

Brown, Albert E 252 

Bartholomew, Hon. Lin 259 

Bedford John W 266 

Boyer, Dr. Francis W 272 

Burke, Martin M 291 

Bartholomew, Rev. Allen R. . . 295 

Bast, Jeremiah F 302 

Boone, Milton 312 

Bretz, Henry W 314 

Burriard, John H 322 

Brown, David C 323 

Baker, Emanuel H. . . . . . 355 

Baily, Daniel 362 

Becker, John F 364 

Brensinger, Aaron N. . . 365 

Bell, Mayberry B 384 

Broughall, William 389 

Butz, Jonathan H 398 

Basler, William 405 

. Bechtel, Francis W 411 

Brode, Samuel 412 

Bock, William A 418 

Brown, Dr. George W 441 

Beecher, J. William 456 

Burchill, George 467 

Buechley, William 482 

Bechtel, Hon. O. P. . 
Beck, Frederick . . . 
Beck, Edward .... 
Beck, William . . . 
Bossier, Alfred J. . 
Beddall Family, The 
Beddall, Samuel A. . 
Beddall, George W. 
Beddall, Edward A. .. 
Beddall, Benjamin D. 
Beddall, Nathan W. . 
Becker, Emanuel K. 
Bordy, Albert . . . 
Birmingham, Patrick J 
Bertolet, Benneville F. 
Boner, Nathan S. . . 
Bracey, Thomas . . . 
Brennan, Michael P. . 

Bock, Paul 

Bretz, George M. . . 
Bender, Frank C. . . 
Brown, George L. . . 
Brower, Hon. Calvin W. 
Boyer, Henry C. . . 
Boyer, Mahlon H. . 
Beecher, Orson . , 
Beresford, Rev. Father 
Bergen, John .... 
Brennan, Hon. James E, 
Bock, Rev. George M. 

Brown, P. J 

Batdorff, Zechariah . . 
Burkert, Elias P. . . 
Bradigan, John J. . . 
Bronson, Alfred F.,M.' 
Batdorff, Theodore F. 
Barlow, Daniel . . . 
Bleiler, Dr. Charles A. 
Barnhart, Captain Frank 
Bechtel, John A. . . 
Brady, Dr. Sobieski H 
Biddle, J. C, M.D. . 

Philip F, 







/-"ARTER, William H 240 

-^ Callen, Dr. J. Spencer . . . 244 

Comery, Andrew 261 

Carey, Henry C 283 

Carey, William H. . . . 315 

Gumming, Benjamin W 320 

Cochran, James G 351 

Coyle, Hon. John J 358 

Coleman, Cornelius ... . 379 

Curran, John E 392 

Coble, Dr. Jacob W 402 

Christ, Isaac S 406 

Christian, Captain Daniel . . . 430 

Croxton, Thomas 464 

Cole, William R 47 1 

Carter, Frank 483 

Callen, John Maurice . . . 520 

Cooper, Professor J. W. . . 524 

Connell, Phil. J •. . 531 

Conry, Hon. Patrick 609 

Christ, John B . . 644 

Conrey, Patrick, Sr. . . . 647 

Carter, William J. . . . 701 

Cochran, Andrew B. . . • 7'3 

Cake, Professor J. J. . 724 

Campbell, John . . 736 

Coyle, John R 748 

■pvIEFENDERFER, Geo. C. . 232 

"^"^ Drumheller, Jesse . . . 233 

De Frehn, Joseph 234 

Detweiler, Dr. Peter C 313 

Davis, John J. . . .... 342 

Dutfield, Joseph 347 

Donaldson, Hon. William . . 381 

Dechert, Dr. Daniel 394 

Davies, William 401 

Dunkelberger, William C. . 404 

Doerflinger, Gustavus Adolphus . 406 

Downs, Thomas S 408 

Dech, William J 416 

Dreher, Dr. Chas. B 433 

Derr, Prof. J. F., A. M 447 

Dolan, Joseph 455 



Page , 

Devlin, Michael 462 | 

Donkin, Robert 465 j 

Doyle, Thomas 491 \ 

Deihm, John R 581 

Dobson, Oliver 586 

Doyle, M. I-; 594 I 

Drasher, Samuel 606 ; 

Oilfield, Elias 645 , 

Doyle, Michael J 650 

Dagget, Rev. Peter F. . . . 654 

Dfibcrl, Albert F 663 ; 

Dando, Mrs. Margaret . . . 667 ; 

Deegan, James R 669 > 

Daddow, Samuel Harries . . 681 ; 

Depew, Joseph A. , . ... 716 

Dence, Hon. John X 730 

Davi.s, John T. . .' 739 

•piSENHUTH, Andrew C. . 307 

Frkerl, John 1 333 

Ehrhart, I'rofcssor Wm. N. . . . 377 I 

Ebling, Robert 380 

Ebert, John 399 

Kviins, lion. Clay W. . . , 501 j 

Eberle, Christian 522 

Evans, (lull Ics W,, M.D. (.Sh 

Emrich, Elijah 6()S 

rpOVVI.EK, 1 1. Ml. M.irmn.Uikr P. ihq 

^ Filbert, P. K., 1). U.S. . 2S5 

Focht, Hon. James 285 I 

lausi, Alexander S 204 

Fegley, Perry W 370 

Freeman, Lester A.' 372 

Fngarty, Kiv. P. !•. yy-t 

FoUweiler, Hon. Wiwnn T. 457 

Krack, Samuel 45° 1 

Fisher, Uev. John J 490 : 

Fligge, August 560 

Flanagan, Peter 629 

Fisher, Charles 651 

l''il/|i;itri<k, Thomas E. . . 678 ' 

liiusl, n.iviil 685 ' 

Foley, Thomas J. . . . 702 

Franiis, Abraham K 709 

Felly, Aaron 1" 714 

/-"KEEN, Hon. David R . . . 215 

^ ' Gaughan, I'.uriik J. . . . 256 I 

Crover, Dr. William E 2(15 

C.r, Prof. II. Day 347 

( icary, lo"*. W 354 

(■us, Samuel .!55 

Ger!>er, George H 371 

Grubler, Rev. John 388 1 


Guss, Hon. \\allace 423 

Griesbaum, Matthias 426 

Goldsmith, George 1 47S 

Gray, Dr. James C 492 

Glick, Jo-ff.h Miller . . 514 

flriffiths Peter . 539 

Gilbert, Alfred 559 

Guldin, Benjamin C, M.D. 592 

Gensemer, Daniel 610 

Granger, Charles 635 

Giles, Thomas 653 

Gay, Samuel . . . . 657 

Geier, Thomas i>r,4 

T_T A V WOOD, Benjamin . . rii 

Higgins, Hon. Thomas 1. 257 

Heblich, Nicholas 272 

Hoppes, Andrew 202 

Holahan, Rev. James A. . . . 308 

Hendler, Captain Henry J. 311 

Hoffman, John P. . . . 31; 

Hamilton, ( iifirgi- ;;i 

Heebner Family, The 343 

Hecbncr, Henry R 344 

Heebner, George 344 

Heebner, Dr. Thomas I' 345 

Hill, William II. . ' 400 

lliisir. Dr. Edward 408 

Hock, ( Vmrnil . .( 14 

llirsli, Kiihcrt H 419 

Hummel, l.*vi 427 

Hoy, Thomas . . .... 442 

Henderson, Charles . 451 

Haupt P"aniily, The . ... 466 

Hinterleitncr, Rev, Gustavus Adolf, 

D.n 471 

Henning, David C 505 

Hay, Rev. Edward ('• 529 

Hack, William ( 565 

Helfrich, George H 568 

Humbert, William V. . 580 

Hawk, Dr. William .\. . 603 

Hetherington, Jonathan . . 606 

Hullihan, John 608 

Hagcnbuch, Ch.iric!. (' .... 616 

Heintzelman, Roln'rt W. . . . 629 

Hewel, Joseph i>;i 

Heil, Henry 633 

Heaton, William H. . . 637 

I (eberling, Simon 1". . 657 

Henry, Rev. Elias S. . . 664 

Hennany, Dr. ITiaoii 679 

Hubcr, M.ii'T I-evi 683 

Harris, Robert 686 

Hummel, Hon. Edwanl 
Hosie, John H. . . 
Himraellierger, fohn H 
Helms, Peter D. . . 
Hoffman, Dr. J. Louis 
Harris, John P. . . . 
Hughes, Francis Wade 

T RISH, Guy C. 

Irish, George I. 
Israel, George M. . 

JOHNSON, lln.-i r. 
Johnson, 1 IciTgi- W. 
Jungkurth, Henry G. 
Johnson, Josiah W. 
James, J. H. . . 

Jones, Arthur 11. . . . 
I..n<-. 1 1.1% 1.1 E. , . . 
Jones, William I > . . 

T'-ISTLER, Dr. John S 
^ Kirk, II, ,n. S. (_•. 
Kliiip, David B. . . 

Kfi-cr, Rev. llciir> .\ 
King, Hon. ( liarlrs I- . 
K napp, John ' '. . . 
Kaiser, Nidmlis 
Koch, Ki. h.ii.l llrniv 
Kimmcl, Williiun, 
Kehler, J. K. . 
Kriner, H. WiImjh 
Kulp, Frederick U. . 
Kirlin, K. J. 
Kepncr, W ( linicni . 
Kl...k, Dr. Henry A. 
Keim, Jeremiah H. . . 
Kessli-r, I'l ii r .... 
Kealy, James . . . . 
Kcifcr, Senator Luther R. 
Kuehn, William <>..., 
Kaufman, Hon. Benjamin 
Kaufman, Fianiel I'. . . 
Koer|ier, IVlir, Jr. 
Kennedy, William I. 
Kear P'amily . . 
Kcar, William ('•. . 
Kear, Richard C. . 
Kear, Charles R. . 
Kear, Edward <;. . . 
Kcar, Harrison .\. 
Kear, Frank (i, . , 
Kcilman, 1 iio. W. 
Kaercher, Franklin B 




7 28 
' i> 



















Kaercher, George R 745 

Kaercher, Franklin P. . . 745 

Kaercher, Samuel H 745 

Kaercher, William H 745 

Kaercher, Daniel W 745 

Kaercher, Edward E. . . 746 

T ANGTON, Dr. Daniel J. 
Lewis, Dr. Thomas . 
Luther, Roland C. ... 
Lenker, Dr. Christian . . 
Long, James H. 
Laubenstein, Levi 
Lee, Ralph R. 
Leckie, William 
Lytle, Nathaniel C. 
Litsch, Maurice . 
Lewis, William H. 
Losch, Hon. Samuel Alfred 

Little, Dr. George 

Littlehales, Robert ... 
Lenarkiewicz. Father Joseph A. 

Lutz, Samuel O 

Lebo, Henry G 

Leibensperger, Oscar P. . . . 
Lutz, Willoughby .... 





JY/r ATZ, William J 223 

Morris, Ebenezer . . . 235 

Miller, Prof. Frank Seward ... 235 

Medlar, Valentine W 25 1 

Miller, Alfred M 303 

MoretV)n, Daniel D 318 

Monaghan, Hon. Bernard J. . 321 

Muldowney, Rev. John P. . . 324 

Morgan, Hon. John W 329 

Moyer, Francis 346 

Moyer, Solomon R 348 

Miller, Preston 356 

Mortimer, Samuel M 360 

McElroy, Edward 378 

McGurl, Daniel 413 

McGovem, Rev. Father Francis J. 425 

Miller, Joseph 428 

Moyer, Joseph W 435 

Meek, Charles A 454 

Matten, Dr. William A 461 

Matten, Hon. Charles C 469 

Mettam, Albert 476 

McAdams, William 508 

Maurer, James 513 

McCullough, Rev. Father Peter . 52,1 

Morrell, James 526 

Marks, Rev. Charles A 526 

Mervine, Moses . . . 
Mensch, Isaiah . . 
McKeon, Hon. Francis 
Munley, Michael E. 

Miller, Elias 

Moody, William E. . , 
Marshall, David S., M.D. 
Master, Milton H. . . 
Millington, Joseph T. 
Moore, Cyrus . . . 
Morris, David . . . 
Madison, James M. . 
Murphy, Walter E. . 
Murphy, T. J. ... 
McGettigan, Rev. Hugh J 
McMurtrie, William . 
Martin, Smith . . . 
Maguire, John . . . 
Marks, John, . 
Moore, Simon . . . 
McDoriough, L. F. . 
Mohan, Charles B. . 
Moyer, Professor Charles H 
Martin, Dr. William John 
McDevitt, Rev. Father John 

■XT ICE, Hon. Decatur E. . 

Nagle, General James 

Nagle, Col. Daniel .... 

Naus, John R 

Neuser, David 

Ney, Henry J 

(~\'HARA, Michael, . . 

^^O'Hara, Dr. Patrick H. 
O'Reilly, Rev Father Henry F 
O'Connor, Michael T. 
Oliver, William J. 
Orme, Seth . . . 
O'Connor, Jeremiah 
O'Donnell, John . 
Owens, James . . 
O'Connor, John J. . 

pALMER, Dr. Charles T. 

Pott, Benjamin . 
Potts, George H. . . 
Pleasants, Gen. Henry 
Patterson, Joseph F. . 
Patterson, Burd . . . 
Patterson, Rev. Father C. F 
Prendergast, Martin . 
Powers, Rev. James F. 
Payne, Joseph M. . . 










Parker, John W 
■Phillips, Capt. Edward J. 
Phillips, Dr. Edwin F. . 
Pershing, Judge Cyrus L. 
Potts, Hon. W. Ramsay . 




UAIL, Dr. Charles Edward . 279 
Quail, Dr. Foster Koehler . 280 

■p YON, Hon. John W. . . . 217 

■'■^ Roseberry, John W. . . . 221 

Roseberry, George D 222 

Reilly, Hon. James B. . . . 228 

Reinhold, Eli Spayd . . . 255 

Rausch, Livingston V. . . 258 

Ryan, James W . . 269 

Ryon, Hon. James . . 319 

Reed, Elias E . 324 

Reilly, John A -332 

Rich, Job . . . . 335 

Rich, Isaac B 336 

Roads, Jacob O . . . . . 339 

Rettig, Charles 361 

Rickert, Col. Thomas H. . . . 368 

Rentschler, Henry D., M.D. . . 369 

Ryan, Dr. Michael, C 379 

Roberts, Jacob 424 

Reichley, Anthony J., Jr. . 450 

Rosengarten, George 468 

Rohrheimer, Morris . .477 

Reese, J. W 479 

Rooney, Rev. John J. . 480 

Reynolds, John F . . 513 
Reynolds, Michael J . . . .514 

Rasbridge, Robert B 546 

Robertson, Andrew 551 

Roberts, Robert W 574 

Robenold, G. H., D.D.S. . . . 607 

Reinhard, Bartolet S 614 

Rowe, John . . 643 

Rinck, James A 67 1 

Raush, James . . . 674 

Rubrecht, James W 695 

Rentz, Frank ^05 

Reilly, John W 737 

CHEAFER, P. W '209 

•^ Straub, Dr. David W. . . 227 

Scheurman, Henry 250 

Schrader, J. W 2153 

Seltzer, Albert W 274 

Schalck, Adolph W 278 

Scheifly, John 288 

Spalding, Dr. S. C 305 




StellwagoD, William M 306 

Shepherd, Watson F 317 

Stoefircgen, Louis 326 

Smith, Asa G. W 327 

Smith, Benjamin J 331 

Schmelt^er, Francis 334 

Starr, Dr. Samuel E 377 

Shepp, Daniel 382 

Sharadin, Daniel 389 

Sprenger, John A 391 

Schirner, Dr. John C. F 393 

Stein, William 409 

Sterner, Charles E 421 

SChum, Daniel . , . . 430 

Spiese, Franklin P 439 

Salade, Dr. James W 443 

Snyder, George W 457 

Schmidt, G. Lorenz 461 

Shumway, Channing 488 

Sigfried, Gen. J. K 493 

Shindel, Chas. S 510 

Stichter, Valentine 518 

Snyder, Henry R 520 

Shoemaker, William II 533 

Sanner, William S 541 

Schwalm, Peter 553 

Spayd, Prof. II. H 575 

Seltzer, Wesley A 578 

Swayze, M. Alice, M.D 587 

Shultz, Dr. David L 589 

Stitzer, Capt. W. F 595 

Smith, Heber H 596 

Shadle, Joel 611 

Schwenk, Wm. K 619 

Spencer, William 622 

Sltel, I hiis E 624 

Schomo, Dr. Cusimij S. W., , . 639 

Stoffler, Joseph 04J 

ShulU, William .... 
Shaw, Sidney . . . 
Sechler, Rev. Nathan W. 

Sensel, John 

Schlappich, Daniel T. 
Shoener, Hon. John T. . 
Straucb, Augustus R. . 
Stanton, Peter ... 
Steel, Hon. J. Irvin . . 
Stuart, Charles M. . . . 


• 659 
. 662 
. 684 


. 688 



. 710 

■ 719 

• 734 

T-HOMPSON, Major Heber S. 
■'■ Teter, George H 

Toole, John J. . . . 
Turner, Jesse .... 
Turner, William \V. . 
Turner, Frank N. 
Taggart, David, M.D. 
Taylor, Benjamin T. . 
Titman, Chas. E. . . 
Thornton, Michael . 
Toole, John .... 

T TLMER, Jacob . 

^^ Umholtz, Augustus . 

■yElTH, John. . 
* Vetler, David . 

219 j 







49J I 
574 I 


4«7 i 



•l]yiHTNEV, William Ubbeus 216 

'* William-., Thomas I . . . 240 

Whiteliouse, W. John 260 

Webb, John 264 

Wilkinson, l^vi J 267 

Wadlinger, George J 275 

Walker, Hon. Thomas H 281 

Weber, Di. Louis 2S4 

Wicsi, Dr. Harry (. 3.15 

Wiltrout, Charles ^iS 


Williams, John P 352 

Williams, Wm. R 376 

Wagner, Charles C. 434 

Weldy, Henry A. 438 

Wagner, William C 435 

Welherill, Col. John M 45S 

\N eis5, Prof. George W 474 

Windsor, Wayle 477 

Wetter, J. Frederick 482 

Wagner, Captain Emil C. . 515 

Whiuker, Professor .Martin P 532 

Whitaker, i'lofe^-or Michael J . . 532 

Whitfield, Rowland 567 

Wemlz, John F 580 

Watson, Hon. Malailii C . . . 600 

Wilson, Dr. Robert B 615 

Wren, George H 625 

Wilcox, Gordon H 655 

Weissinger, L. W 670 

Wolfe, George H 077 

Wachter, August 697 

WoU, Joseph 733 

Waters, William, Sr 738 

Waters, William, Jr 739 

Wilhelm, William 746 

vrODER, William L . ... 224 

^ Vost, Daniel J 363, Israel H>A 

Young, John 403 

Vuung, (jcunjf H . . . , 463 

Yco, William J 630 

Yuengling, FredcriLk G ' 740 

yiMMERMA.N, Kn . Isoat P . , 2 V 

^^ Zimmerman, Henry . , . .i^J 

Zwicbel. K.l«..i.l 425 
Zerbey, J. II . -503 

Zimmerman, Lewis 559 


Facing Page 

Albright, Iliester S 421 

A Typical Coal lireaker . . 135 

Barlow, Ephraim . . ... 225 

Brumm, lion. Charles N '. 248 

Beddall, Samuel A . 506 

Keddall, George W 507 

Decker, Emanuel K . . ■ 5*' 

Birmingham, Patrick J 535 

Brennan, Michael 1' 544 

Boyer, Henry C 612 

BatdorfT, Theodore F. . . 690 

iiarlow, Daniel 704 

Biddle, J. C, M.D 743 

Cuilirnn, James (; 351 

Coyle, Hon. John J 358 

Christ, Imimc S 406 

I i.Tiiiill, Phil. J 531 

(_imIii;iii, Andrew B 713 

Dechert, Ur. Daniel 394 

Ui.jlr, M. E S94 

Dagget, Rev. Pcler 1- 654 

|)ii^;aii| James R 669 

In-inr, Hun. John X 730 

Iipwlii, Hon. Marmaduke P 269 

(iruhler, Kiv. John 388 

(.nllllh^, Peter 539 

Hclfrich, George H 568 

licrmany, Ur. I'h.iun 679 

Huber, Majur I.cvi OSj 

Hcndlei, t iipl. Henry J. 311 




Knk. Hon. S. C 237 

Kuch, Richard Henry 336 

Klock, Dr. Henry A 504 

• Kaciug Pagr 

Keefer, Hon. Luther K 582 

Lewis, William H 547 

Losch, Hon. Samuel Alfred 549 

Meek, Charles A . . 454 

Matten, Hon. Charles C 469 

McCullough, Rev. Father Peter 521 

Marks, Rev. Charles A 5 »() 

McGettigan, Rev. Hugh J. 623 

Mimis Hospital 197 

Nagle, Gen. James 298 

O'Connor, Michael T 431 

Oliver, Thomas 444 

Patterson, Rev. C. 1 . . . . . 562 

Parker, Hon. John 695 

Philips, Dr. 1 .Iwm F 738 

• Juail, Dr. lo,it] Koehler iS.j 

K. illy. I l..n. James B 22» 

Kyon, Hon. James 319 

-Sheafer, Pcler W 209 

Shepp, Daniel jSj 

Spiese, Fiankljn P. . . . . . 439 

Sigfried, Gen. J. K 493 

Steel, Hon. J. Irvin 71 ^ 

Schuylkill County Court House I93 

Thompson, Maj lleber S . 219 

Titman, Charles E 574 

Whitehouse, W. John. . . ... . 2Ij-j 

Weber, Dr. Louis 284 

Williams, William R. ". 376 

Wetherill, Col. John M 45* 

W'cis^, Prof. George W. . . . ... 474 

Wagner, C4( lain Emit (. . , . . 515 

Watson, Hon. Malachi C 600 

Woll, Joseph .733 





Geography— Topography — Geology — Mound Builders — In- 
dians — Pioneer Settlers — Frontier Forts — Indian Depre- 
dations — The Tory Path — Discovery of Anthracite Coal 
— Orwigsburg — Lumbering — Early Forges and Furii.ires 
— County Formation — Civil Poster — The Bar — H'ar of 
i8j2 — Schuylkill Navigation — Pioneer Coal Stage — Union 
Canal — Growth of Coal Production — Mexican War — 
Growth of Coal Trade— Floods of 1830— County Seat 
Removal— The Civil War— The Coal Industry Long 
Strike — Molly Maguires — Recent Developments — Pikes 
— Railroads — Schools, Churches and Banks — Medical, Po- 
litical and Postal — Secret Societies — Borough and Town- 
ship History — Public Buildings — Census Statistics — Mis- 

§N a work whose character is so largely 
biographical, it is impossible to allot 
to the presentation of the history of 
the county such space as is given in a 
work principally historical in scope; yet a 
careful grouping of the main historical events 
of Schuylkill county has been made, and some 
fects of interest for the general reader have 
been collected from sources of information not 
easily available to the public. 


Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, ^ 

heart of the wonderful anthracite coa 


of America, and lies between 76° is'i 
45' west longitude from Greenwich, Eil 


or 15' and 45' longitude from Washing- 
ton city, this country ; and between the 40th 
and 41st degrees of north latitude. As a po- 
litical division of the State, Schuylkill county 
is bound on the northeast by Luzerne and 
Carbon counties ; on the southeast by Lehigh 
and Berks ; on the southwest by Lebanon and 
Dauphin ; and on the northwest by Northum- 
berland and Columbia. 

In geographical position Schuylkill is one 
of the eastern counties of the State, while its 
geographical center and center of population 
are not very far north of Pottsvilie, and near the 
boundar)' line of Norwegian and New Castle 

Schuylkill county in order of size is twen- 
tieth ; in order of age is forty-fifth ; and in 
order of alphabetic designation is fifty-fourth ; 
while in wealth it is the 10th of the .sixty- 
seven counties into which the Commonwealth 
f Pennsylvania is now divided. The county 
4i^P^ area of 840 square miles, or 537,600 
-aer^Jtwith an average length of 30 miles, 
RBfi^Aaiuaverage width of 24'i miles. Schuyl- 
Jdll„i«we of the richest mineral counties of the 

vtf^ift, was named after the Schuylkill river, 




whose name is from the Swedish word schuy- 
len, meaning to hide. 

The county constitutes the Thirteenth Con- 
gressional and the Twenty-ninth and Thirtieth 
State Senatorial districts, while it constitutes 
the Twenty-first Judicial district of Pennsyl- 
vania, and sends six representatives to the 
State Legislature. 

Schuylkill county was formed in 1811 from 
Berks and Northampton counties, and in 18(8 
a small area was added on the northwest from 
Columbia and Luzerne counties, thus giving 
it its present area and boundaries. 

Topography. — The surface of Schuylkill 
county consists of a succession of hills, val- 
leys and mountain ridges, nearly parallel with 
each other, and trending northeast and south- 
west throughout its whole extent. The main 
mountain chains are classed as seven in num- 
ber by R. A. Wilder, as follows : Blue, or 
Kittatinny ; Second, Sharp, Mine Hill, Broad, 
Mahanoy and Locust; while P. W. Sheafer 
enumerates but three — Kittatinny, Second and 
Sharp, claiming that Broad and Locust moun- 
tains are but continuations of Sharp mountain 
in its sweep around the southern coal field 
and Mahanoy, an extension of Broad as it zig- 
zags around the middle coal field. These 
mountain chains are from six to eleven hun- 
dred feet above the valleys, and from one 
thousand to seventeen hundred feet above 
tide. The following eloquent description of 
these mountains and hills is taken from R. A. 
Wilder's able article on the topography of the 
county : " These hills and valleys are gener- 
ally a group of grand telluric waves, forming 
synclinal and anti-clinal axes of the strata, and 
they appear to have been caused by the im- 
mense upheaving forces commencing at the 
ancient coast line of the ocean, and pressing 
forward to the northwest with such tremen- 

dous power as to throw most of the then hori- 
zontal strata into a vertical position for a great 
distance inland, till they began to weaken in 
strength, and finally ceased to act, and left 
with their expiring throes the great convul- 
sions which enfold the wealth of an empire." 
Wilder says that between Blue mountain (the 
southern boundary of the county) and Second 
mountain are Summer Hill and Lime ridge, 
ranges that attain no elevation ; that Second 
mountain has a double crest from the eroding 
effects of springs, which has suggested the 
name of Gobel Berk, or Fork mountain. 
Sharp mountain is the southern boundary of 
the anthracite coal field. No small ridge ex- 
cept Red mountain intervenes between Sharp 
mountain and Mine Hill, the latter of which 
is the great anti-clinal of the Schuylkill coal 
field. Next comes Broad mountain, an ele- 
vated plateau, sixteen hundred feet above tide, 
and contains in the cppnty an area of eighty 
square miles, which is a great water shed for 
the Susquehsnna, Schuylkill and Lehigh rivers. 
This mountain separates the southern from the 
middle coal fields. The next mountain in suc- 
cession is Mahanoy, the southern wall of the 
middle coal field. Between Mahanoy and Lo- 
cust mountains are a few small ridges. 

P. W, Sheafer differs in several respects from 
Wilder in his description of the topography of 
the county. We condense the following from 
the topographical part of his " Geology of 
Schuylkill County." Blue mountain forms the 
entire southern boundary of the county, and is 
separated by an undulating valley, varj'ing in 
width from the double- crested chain of Second 
mountain. A narrow red shale valley suc- 
ceeds it and extends to Sharp mountain, the 
third great chain. Second and Sharp every- 
where within the county limits run parallel 
to the Blue mountain ; bu£ beyond the eastern 



boundary, along the Lehigh, and beyond the 
western, along the Susquehanna, they turn 
back, or double sharply on their courses, re- 
ceiving other names, and again pursue a nordi- 
easterly direction. Broad and Locust moun- 
tains are the continuations of Sharp mountain, 
in its sweep around the southern coal field, 
and Mahanoy mountain is but an extension of 
Broad, as it zig-zags around the middle coal- 
field. North of these last ranges the moun- 
tains are more broken and show less distinctly 
the general course ; but the main ranges are 
remarkable for the uniformity of level of their 

The drainage of Schuylkill county is by three 
river systems — the Susquehanna, Schuylkill, 
and Lehigh. The Susquehanna, by Swatara, 
Wiconisco, Mahant ngo and Mahanoy creeks, 
and Catawissa creek, an affluent of its north 
branch, drains the western and northern parts 
of the county ; the Schuylkill, through its 
main and west branches, and the Little 
Schuylkill the large middle area, and most all 
of the southern basin of the county, while the 
Lehigh drains the eastern edge of the county 
through Nesquehoning, Mahoning and Lizard 
creeks. The Schuylkill river breaks through 
the Blue mountain by a single gateway, but its 
waters force the passage of Second mountain 
by five narrow passes and gap Sharp range in 
eight places. Wilder says that the accumula- 
tions from rainfall and melting snow are sud- 
denly precipitated into the beds of the streams 
and carried away in floods, thus affording no 
water-power for extensive manufacturing be- 
yond a saw or flouring mill. 

The soil is not fertile in the coal regions, and 
the best farming lands are to be found between 
Blue and Second mountains and in the extreme 
western and northern parts of the county. 

Geology. — The geological structure of the 

county will be given as revealed by the labors 
of Shaefer, Rogers and Lesley. W' e condense 
the following from Sheafer. The geological 
formations of the county are in the Upper Si- 
lurian, Devonian and Carboniferous ages and 
include from No. IV. to No. XIII. 

No. IV. (Levant of Rogers). — The Oneida 
conglomerates and gray Medina sandstone are 
a massive outcrop in the Blue mountain and 
then dip beneath the surface. 

No. V. (Surgent, also Clinton). — This form- 
ation forms the foothills of the Blue mountains 
on the north, is a red group of shales, slates 
and sandstones, fifteen hundred feet thick, and 
in the east expands into rolls over a mile in 

No. VI. (Pre-meridian, also L. 1 leldelburg). 
— This formation has two groups, one of varie- 
gated marls and water cement, and the other of 
shaly and cherty limestones, is often twelve 
hundred feet thick. It seems to lie near No. 
V,and the cement limestone has been quarried 
twenty feet thick at McKeansburg, Orwi^^s- 
burg, and Schuylkill Haven. 

Xo. VII. (Meridian, also Oriskany). — .\1- 
though Xo. \'II has been found in Leiiigh, 
yet it has never yet been identified in Schuyl- 
kill county. 

Xo. VIII. (P. re-meridian, U. Helderburg 
and others). — This formation, six thousand 
feet thick, includes several groups of rocks. 
The Cadent, or Hamilton group, a black slate 
deposit, is one thousand feet thick in the val- 
ley north of Blue mountain, often causing use- 
less search for coal. The upper rocks of this 
group enclose the Bradford oil .sand of north- 
western Pennsylvania, but are too much 
broken in this county to promise oil. The 
formation is in the great valley between Blue 
and Second mountain. 

No. IX. (Ponent, also Catskill).— Thi-> 



group of red shales and massive red and gray 
sandstones, sometimes five thousand feet thick, 
is found principally on the southern flanks of 
Second and Mahoning mountains. 

No. X. (Vespertine, also P. G. Sandstone). 
— This formation of red, white and yellow sand- 
stones, flanked on one side by the red rocks 
of No. IX, and on the other by the red shales 
of No. XI, surrounds the coal basin with a 
picturesque red and white wall. 

No. XI. (Umbral, also M. C. Red Shale).— 
This third red formation of the State, is prin- 
cipally red argillaceous sandstone in this 
county, where it carries a thickness of three 
thousand feet, and occupies a large area, as it 
borders the outcrop of No. XII. 

No. XII. (S. Conglomerate, also P. Con- 
glomerate). — This formation forms the base of 
the coal measures of Pennsylvania. Its thick- 
ness protected the anthracite coal from erosion, 
and it extends over the larger portion of the 
county, being composed of massive gray 
Quartzose Conglomerates, interstratified by 
bands of b^own sandstones and varying from 
six hundred to one thousand feet in thick- 

No. XIII. (Coal Measures) — These meas- 
ures, over three thousand feet in thickness, 
rest on the great conglomerate floor of No. 
XII. Thirty coal .beds exist in these meas- 
ures, of which fifteen are workable. The 
series can be separated into three divisions by 
the color of the ash of the coals : a lower or 
white a'teh group, middle or gray ash and an 
upper or red ash. 

The following section gives the order from 
highest to lowest of these workable beds, with 
color of ash and thickness of coal : 

Name of Bed. 

Color of Ash. 


I. Sandrock . 

. . Red 

3 feet 


Name of Bed. 

Color of Ash. Thickness. 

2. Gate .... 

. . Red 

7 feet 


3. Little Tracy . 

_ . . Red 

3 " 


4. Big Tracy . . 

. . Red 

6 " 


5. Diamond . . 

. . Red 

6 " 


6. Little Orchard 

. . Red 

3 " 


7. Orchard . . 

. . Red 

6 " 


8. Primrose . . 

. . Gray Ash 

10 " 


9. Holmes . . . 

. . White Ash 

5 " 


10. Seven Foot 

. . White Ash 

7 " 


II. Mammoth . . 

. . White Ash 

25 " 


12. Skidmore . . 

. . White Ash 

6 " 


13. Buck Mountain 

. . White Ash 

9 " 


14. Lykens Valley Upper 

Bed . . . 

. . Red Ash 

8 " 


15. Lykens Valley 


Bed . . . 

. . Red Ash ' 

3 " 


Total coal . 


07 " 

The lykens Valley intra - conglomerate 
coals are very free burning. The Buck Moun- 
tain is a hard and rough coal, and with the 
Skidmore is of great value for smelting pur- 
poses. The Mammoth sometimes reaches 
forty feet in thickness ; the Seven Foot bed is 
a coal of the purest quality, while the Holmes 
is hard, compact and short-grained, being suit- 



able for furnace purposes. The Primrose coal 
is a gray-ash coal, or the transition from the 
red to the white ash. The red ash coals are 
the ^wo Orchards, Diamond, the two Tracys, 
Gate and Sandrock beds, and they were first 
developed, but being abandoned at water level 
when the productive lower coals were opened. 

The anthracite coal area of Schuylkill 
county comprises about two hundred and ten 
square miles, and is included in two fields, the 
Southern and Middle, together with a few 
isolated patches on Broad, Green and Spring 

The Southern anthracite coal field resembles 
an ill-shaped shark, with its nose resting on 
Lehigh, at Mauch Chunk, extends southwest- 
ward as a great valley bounded by Sharp 
mountain on the south and Locust and Broad 
mountains on the north, gradually increasing 
in width, until, west of Tremont, it subsides 
into two prongs, the north one reaching west- 
ward to Wiconisco, in Dauphin county, and 
the southern one to within six miles of the 
Susquehanna, at the town of Dauphin. The 
basin as a whole may be regarded as one deep 
synclinal enclosed by the converging dips of | 
.Sharp and Broad mountains, with an undulat- 
ing bottom, forming parallel (canoe-shaped) 
subordinate basins. This southern anthracite 
coal field is forty miles long, with a width of 
from two to five miles, and having a total area 
of one hundred and forty-three square miles. 
It is the great anthracite store house, and 
when the other and shallower fields are i 
exhausted, its Mammoth and other deep lying 
beds will yield up their almost innumerable 
millions of remaining tons. The southern 
wall of this field in the county is gaped in 
four places, through which flow the Little 
Schuylkill, the main and the west branch of 
the Schuylkill and the Swatara, and through 

these openings pass the railways that run to 
the very mouths of the mines. 

That portion of the Second or Middle 
anthracite coal field in Schuylkill county 
extends twenty miles eastward from Ashland, 
is bounded by Broad and Mahanoy moun- 
tains, and embraces an area of sixty-three 
square miles. This field is not as deep as the 
first, and hence the red ash coals lie only in 
the centres of its deep basins. This field is 
divided into three principal basins, the 
Mahanoy, EUengowan or Middle, and Shen- 
andoah or Northern. The Mahanoy is remark- 
ably uniform, and merges into the Ashland 
basin ; the Middle basin narrows at Turkey 
run and then becomes the William Penn 
basin ; while the Shenandoah is comparatively 
shallow. The lower or white ash beds are 
well developed and extensively worked in 
the Second field, but its rocky encircling bar- 
rier wall is only pierced at one place— Ash- 
land — by a ■ gateway, through which flows 
Mahanoy creek. A system of railways from 
all the mines unite, and by this gap find an 
outlet to the market. 

Lying between the First and Second fields is 
the conglomerate, covered Broad moun- 
tain, in some of whose synclinal folds are 
small areas of coal, the principal one being 
the New Boston basin, six miles long and not 
quite half a mile in width, containing coals of 
the lowest group. 

Several small isolated basins are in the 
northern part of the county, on Catawissa 
creek, but are shallow and carry only the 
lower coals, and belong to the Lehigh system 
of basins. 

In concluding the valuable article from 
which we have both condensed and quoted 
concerning these coal fields, Mr. Sheafer says : 
" In Schuylkill county, we are specialists. We 



are dependent upon one substance": coal is 
king. There is no gold, silver, lead, copper, 
or other valuable metals. Though we have 
good iron ores, they are so disseminated as 
not to furnish one workable bed. Yet we 
largely help Pennsylvania to furnish nearly 
half the iron manufactured in the United States. 
We have a large farming area, well cultivated 
by our industrious and frugal German farmers. 
Our convenient location to the great markets 
of the Atlantic seaboard, our canals and abun- 
dant railroad facilities, our great commodity, 
always give a promise and an attitude among 
the great counties of our grand old Common- 
wealth, which we are ever proud to realize." 

The coal areas of the Carboniferous age jn 
the United States are five in number: Massa- 
chusetts-Rhode Island; Allegheny; Michigan; 
Illinois, Indiana, and West Kentucky; and 
Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, Arkansas, and Texas, 
containing one hundred and twenty thousand 
square miles of workable coal-beds. Two gen- 
eral classes of coal are obtained, anthracite and 
bituminous. Anthracite coal is only found in 
the Massachusetts-Rhode Island and Alle- 
gheny coal areas. In eastern Rhode Island, 
and in Bristol and Plymouth counties, Massa- 
chusetts, a hard and unsatisfactory anthracite 
coal is found. It lies in thirteen beds, and at 
the present time the only mine worked is at 
Portsmouth, Rhode Island. In the Allegheny 
area, anthracite coal is found in eastern Penn- 
sylvania, and occurs to a limited extent in 

The anthracite coal-fields of eastern Penn- 
sylvania are confined to a limited area of four 
hundred and seventy-five square miles, situ- 
ated in the seven counties of Carbon, Schuyl- 
kill, Northumberland, Columbia, Dauphin, 
Luzerne and Lackawanna, and lying between 
the Lehigh and the Susquehanna rivers, form- 

ing a long, irregular tract lOO miles in length 
by 30 in width. Three districts are recognized 
in this region, called the first or southern, the 
second or middle, and third or northern coal- 
fields. These coal measures are generally 
surrounded by two mountain ridges, the ex^ 
terior one consisting of sub-carboniferous 
sandstone. This is separated from the interior 
ridge by a valley, more or less broad, of easily- 
decomposing red shale, overlying which occurs 
the true conglomerate, holding in its bosom 
the valleys or basins in which the anthracite 
occurs. These two series of ridges protected 
the coal from the denuding agents which re- 
moved it from the intervening barren dis- 

The first, southern, or Schuylkill coal-field 
is mainly in Schuylkill county, but extending 
east into Carbon and west into Dauphin county, 
and comprises one hundred and forty-six square 

The second, oi^middle, coal-field is in North- 
umberland, Montour, and Schuylkill counties, 
and includes the Shamokirt, Mahanoy, and 
Lehigh basins, and comprises ninety-one square 

The third, northern, or Wilkes-Barre basin 
is in Luzerne and Lackawanna counties, and 
contains about twenty beds of workable coal- 
beds, with an area of one hundred and ninety-; 
eight square miles. 

The great advantages in burning anthracite 
coal are: Cleanliness, lack of smoke, compact- 
ness, rapidity with which steam can be raised, 
great heating power, and purity of some varie- 
ties for iron-making. 

This great region lies convenient to the great 
manufacturing district of the United States. 
Two or more railroads carry the coal from all 
of its basins to New York and Philadelphia, 
whence it is distributed by water transportation 



to the various important industries of the 
Middle and New England States. Other rail- 
roads carry this coal to Lakes Erie and Ontario, 
whence it is distributed to the various great 
cities of the West and Canada. 

The following table of the production of an- 
thracite coal in the United States, for 1880, 
may be of some interest : 


No. of 



. Employee.s. Tons. 

Newport, R. I., . . 




Pulaski, Va., . . . 




Carbon, Pa 




Columbia, Pa., . . 




Dauphin, Pa 




Lackawanna, Pa., 




Luzerne, Pa., . . . 




Northumberland, Pa., 




Schuylkill, Pa., . . 



7.404, '77 

Susquehanna, Pa., 




Totals, ... 277 70,748 28,621,281 
Mound- Builders. — The prehistoric races 
that inhabited Pennsylvania are known by the 
name of Mound-Builders and Indians. The 
former had a great empire in the valley of the 
Mississippi, where they erected, out of earth, 
those great works whose ruins remain until 
this day. These great works were of two kinds : 
first, mounds; second, fortifications. The 
mounds in form were round, oblong, and pyra- 
midal ; while in use, they were of four classes: 
temple, altar, effigy, and tomb-mounds. This 
mysterious race of people seemed to have come 
as far eastward as the Allegheny mountains, in 
which a few vestiges of their mounds still re- 
main. They seem to have occupied the moun- 
tains as hunting-grounds, and if any of them 
were ever on the soil of Schuylkill county, it 
was in the character of hunters, and not as 
permanent settlers. This strange race of people 
derive their name from the mounds which they 

built. They came from the west and north, 
were probably of Asiatic origin, eind found 
likely their way to the shores of America over 
the frozen floor of Behring's strait, or by coast- 
ing along the chain of the Aleutian islands. 
The Mound-Builder had no domestic animals, 
and was a numerous race. 

Why left this mighty race this great empire? 
Did war from the Indian or famine waste them? 
Or sought they a southern clime more warm 
than glows beneath our northern skies ? 

None with certainty can tell. They may 
have been driven out of the country by the 
Indians, according to the traditions of the lat- 
ter, or they may have gone south and become 
the ancestors of the ancient Mexicans and 

It is generally accepted now that man ex- 
isted in North America during the glacial 
epoch of the paleolithic period in the stone 
age ; and stone implements made by him have 
been found in the Trenton gravels, the Ne- 
braska loes beds and the auriferous sands of 
California, which strengthen this view ; as 
well as the finding of the celebrated Calaveras 
human skull,' at the depth of one hundred and 
fifty feet, in a California mining shaft. 

The art products of the aboriginal Ameri- 
can, whom many suppose to have been the 
mound-builder, are represented by articles in 
stone, clay, bone and shell. Those of .stone 
are arrow and spear-heads, grooved hammers 
and axes, gouges, semi-lunar knives, awls, 
scrapers, mortars and pestles, food vessels, 
spades, plummets, ornaments, pipes, images, 
and inscribed petroglyphs or tablets. The 
pottery of the middle Atlantic States was rude 
in character and imperfectly burned. Bone 
was used for fish hooks, spoons, awls and or- 
naments. Shells were used for cups, spoons, 
chisels and kni\ es. 



The early settlers paid but little attention to 
the ruins of the Indian, and would have given 
less to those of an older people, if such had 
ever existed in the county. 

Indians. — Upon the disappearance of the 
mound-builder, was the advent of the Indian, 
and succeeding a race with no history but a 
civilization, came a people with a tradition 
but no civilization. The origin of the Indian 
like the fate of the dim mysterious mound- 
builder is involved in obscurity, and is only 
fruitful of speculative theories. 

The Indian seems to be of Mongolian ex- 
traction, and was, in all probability, the second 
wave of population from the old to the new 
world across the wild waters of Behring strait. 

The Indian occupation of the United States 
admit of two theories : first, a peaceable pos- 
session ; second, a forcible one. The first is 
most likely, as the mound builders were a 
semi-civilized people, and from their great 
works, it is fair to presume, as strong in num- 
bers as the Indian invader. But it is fair pre- 
sumption that between the inferior advancing 
and the superior retreating races the clash of 
mortal conflict would be inevitable. If the 
mound builder withdrew from the field of 
battle, after repulsing his Indian foe, to resume 
his southward and sunward journey, it would 
give to the Indian the idea that his enemy 
had fled ; and on this his tradition of conquest, 
as repeated to white prisoners in 1754-55, was 
undoubtedly founded. 

The Indian copied after the mound builder. 
He used flint to make his arrow and spear- 
heads, and stone to make his tomahawks, 
hammers, pestles and ornaments; clay and 
shells to make his pottery-ware, but failed to 
work copper, and at the coming of the white 
man had lost all trace of the copper mines 
left by the mound builder on the shores of 

Lake Michigan. The stone grave chamber of 
the mound builder suggested the stone-pile 
grave of the Indian. 

The Indian was a terrible and cruel foe. 
On their own grounds in the woods they were 
far more formidable than the best European 
troops. Although inferior in numbers, they 
defeated Braddock's grenadiers and Grant's 
highlanders that had fought on many a bloody 
battlefield. The finest drilled veteran troops of 
the world failed when led against the dark 
tribesmen of the forest. When on their own 
ground, and any ways near equal in numbers, 
the Indians were never defeated by any enemy 
except the backwoodsmen of the AUeghenies, 
who won their most notable victory over the 
the red men at the battle of Point Pleasant, or 
the Great Kanawha, in 1774. 

The Huron-Iroquois family of nations was 
the most powerful of any Indian confederacy 
dwelling on this continent at the time of its 
discovery by the Europeans. Of these nations 
the most formidable were the Iroquois. They 
were called the Five Nations until they were 
joined in 1712 by the Tuscaroras from the 
Carolinas, and after that became the celebrated 
Six Nations. They called themselves Ho-de- 
no-sau-nee, or People of the Long House. 
Their home was in New York. 

The Iroquois or Six Nations were bound 
together by a remarkable league, which was 
the great secret of their wonderful power and 
astonishing success. In each nation there 
were eight tribes, which were arranged in two 
divisions, and named as follows : 

Wolf, Bear, Beaver, Turtle, 
Deer, Snipe, Heron, Hawk. 

" The division of the people of each nation 
into eight tribes, whether pre-existing or per- 
fected at the establishment of the confederacy, 
did not terminate in its object with the nation 


itself. It became the means of effecting the 
most perfect union of separate nations ' ever 
devised by the wit of man.' In effect the 
Wolf tribe was divided into five parts and one- 
fifth of it placed in each of the Five Nations. 
This tribal league is an extraordinary speci- 
men of Indian legislation, and forms an endur- 
ing monument to that proud and progressive 
race, who reared, under its protection, a wide- 
spread Indian sovereignty." 

The Iroquois had conquered all the Indian 
tribes in Pennsylvania many years before there 
were any white settlers on the present territory 
of Schuylkill county, which was then merely 
a hunting ground for the Delaware Indians, 
and not a permanent residence for any tribe. 
The country was not fitted for Indian tmvns, 
while the streams were rough and carried a 
heavy undergrowth of laurel, which prevented 
fishing and any easy way of canoe travel by 
short stages. 

Tradition says that on or close to Sculp 
hill, and near the junction of the little crcik- 
that flows around Orwigsburg with the Schuyl- 
kill was an Indian village, whose name is lost 
and whose founder has gone down to oblivion. 
Perhaps here some Delaware chief sought to 
lay the foundations for the capital town of his 
dominion on the Schuylkill, but fate and for- 
tune were not propitious, and his scat of em- 
pire on the upper Schuylkill was arrested in 
its growth before attaining any size, and sank 
into premature ruin. The destiny of the In- 
dian village in being shorn of capital honors 
ere its extinction was reflected in the fate of 
Orwigsburg, the white man's early metropolis 
and first seat of authority that was founded 
near it, when overpowering interests removed 
the county seat to Pottsville that also took 
thereafter from it the pride of superior num- 

In the southern part of West Penn township 
it is said that the early settlers found traces of 
a former Indian village and burial ground, 
while pioneer residents related that in various 
localities of the township they found evidence 
I if a former Indian occupation. Small mounds, 
it is said, were visible for years at several 
places, and arrow-heads, tomahawks, stone 
hammers and other weapons and implements 
of savage life were found. 

In Wayne township, on the Michael Fritz 
farm there have been found Indian weapons 
and implements, and sufficient evidence ex- 
isted, some years ago, to indicate an Indian 
residence and fort .it an early day. 

In Tremont township, in the western part 
of the county, a large number of arrow-heads 
have been found, a fact indicating a favorite 
Indian himting ground in an early day. 

An old Indian trail passed over the site of 
the borough of Pine (irove, but no account <>f 
it has been preserved, and undoubtedly there 
were other trails known to the early settlers 
whose names, courses and history have been 
lost for want of some one fifty years ago to 
have gathered up the information which was 
then available. 

Enough of fragmentary evidence, however, 
remains to show an Indian occupation even if 
but light, at some time preceding the coming 
of the whites, at which time the territory of 
the county was used by the savages solely as 
a hunting ground. 

Pioneer StttUrs. — Tradition has it that sev- 
eral persons settled as early as 1730 in the 
county, but there is no authentic evidence to 
support the claim, and in all probability those 
early settlers were nothing more than hunters 
whose cabins were nothing more than bark 
shanties. The purchase of the lands on the 
Tulpehocken from the Indians in 1732 by 



Thomas Penn, and the extinguishment of the 
red man's title in 1749 to the country north of 
the Blue or Kittanning mountains, between the 
Susquehanna and Delaware rivers, gave the 
inhabitants of Berks and Northampton coun- 
ties, the right and the security to settle in 
what is now Schuylkill county. The earliest 
settlements were made from either Allemingle 
or the Tulpehocken, and in all probability 
were confined to a few clearings along the 
streams of the Blue mountain as want of roads 
and lack of wagons would have prevented 
any advance toward settlement on the head- 
waters of the Schuylkill, where the axe of the 
white settler seems not to have been heard 
until after the close of the French and Indian 
war in 1759. 

The first white settler of whom we have any 
authentic account was George Gottfried Or- 
wig, who, with his wife Gloria, settled at Sculp- 
hill in 1 747, near the site of the last traditional 
Indian village in the county. They had come 
from Germany, and after a brief stay in Berks 
county had pushed north of the mountain to 
make a home for themselves in the pathless 
woods. That they had neighbors soon there 
is no doubt, but who or when we know not, 
only that they fled back to Berks county when 
the French and Indian war commenced, and 
remained there until its close, in 1759. The 
second settlement was made on Muddy branch 
about 1750 by Philip and George Clauser, and 
the Adams family and And. Steitzel. 

After the close of that struggle the course 
of settlement commenced to ascend the 
Schuylkill towards its head-waters, and was 
made by the Germans from Berks county and 
by some direct from the Fatherland. 

The second stream of emigration was also 
German, like the first, but came from North- 
ampton county and was led- by Henry Ohl, 

who in 1760, in the valley of Lizard creek, 
in what is now West Penn township, in the 
northeastern part of the county. He was fol- 
lowed by the Steigerwalt, Gilbert and other 
Northampton families. The settlement was 
retarded by Indian depredations for a time, but 
received many families during the Revolu- 
tionary war, and then so grew and flourished 
that in 1780 it possessed a store, and ten years 
later a tavern and a church. 

The third settlement was Pine Grove, where 
the Schnokes, Hetricks, Swopes, Schaeffers, 
Bresslers and others settled about 1760. 

The fourth point of settlement of which we 
have any reliable account was Williams valley 
in Porter township, in the southwestern part 
of the county, and was made by Daniel Wil- 
liams and his son Ennier (presumably from 
Berks county), about 1774. 

The fifth settlement centre, in order of 
age, was in 1775, near Klingerstown, in Upper. 
Mahantongo township, in the extreme south- 
western part of the county. To that locality 
came Peter Klock in the year above named, 
and five years later Alexander Klinger arrived. 
They were soon joine'd by Jacob Baum, Rob- 
ert Glark, Seamon Shuman, Andrew Osman 
and Gideon Williams, the latter being a Welsh- 

In 1775, Martin' Dreibeldis was residing on 
the site of Schuylkill Haven, where he had a 
mill at that time. 

In 1.780, a number of Lutheran families 
settled near Salem church, in Washington 
township, where Peter Hetzel had located in 
1770, and of those who settled from 1780 
to 1790 we have mention of: Philip Zerbee, 
Nicholas Shuck, Adam Kahlbach, George 
and William Kremer, Peter Weaver, Peter and 
Nicholas Paffenberger, Christina Betz, Henry 
Appel, Michael Bressler, Paul Lengel, 


Stephen Diehl, Samuel Owen, Casper Bretzius, 
John Adam Brown, Jonathan Kerschner, 
Piatt Wagner, and men by the names of Teb- 
bich, Gebhert, Boyer, Bilger and Werner. 
About 1780, Jacob Yohe was near Miners- 
, . ville. 

In 1790, Jacob Fox and his two sons set- 
tled on the site of Branch Dale, and three 
years later Thomas Reed built a saw mill 
where Minersville stands, and afterwards 
erected a tavern and distillery, while in 1799 
Berkhart Moser, from Northampton (now 
Lehigh) county, built a saw mill and house at 
Tamaqua, and was accompanied there by his 
son, Jacob, and John Kerschner. 

In 1800, Lewis Reese and John Reed set- 
tled on the site of Pottsville, and pioneer 
settlements in Schuylkill county may thus be 
said to have terminated in the initial year of 
the present century, as by that time every 
part of its territory had been opened up to 
settlement, although some sections were not 
inhabited for nearly twenty years later. 

Frontier Forts. — From 1744 to 1764, the 
inhabitants of Berks county suffered from 
raids of the Indian tribes living beyond the 
Blue mountain, and in order to protect them- 
selves, built a line of forts along that ridge, at 
a distance of fifteen or twenty miles apart, so 
that rangers from one could reach the next in 
a day's march. Two of these forts, Franklin 
and Lebanon, were north of the mountain and 
were in Schuylkill county. Fort Franklin 
was built in 1756, on Lizard creek, a tribu- 
tar>' of the Lehigh ; and Fort Lebanon, often 
called William or Bohundy, was erected two 
years earlier, on a branch of the Schuylkill. 
Some time after 1756 the settlers near the site 
of Auburn built a fort to afford them security 
from the Indians who had raided what was 
then the territory of West Brunswick town- 

ship. This fort, whose name has not been 
preserved, stood on the farm owned in 1881 
by Lewis Marberger. The " Blockhouse " 
was a strong log building, afterwards used by 
Martin Dreibeldis, in North Manheim town- 
ship, that afforded the early settlers protection 
in time of Indian troubles. It was built some 
time between 1756 and 1770. There were, in 
all probability, other block houses, or fortified 
places in the county, but all record of them 
has been lost, beyond one built on the moun- 
taid near Pine Grove. 

Indian Depredations. — In October, 1755, 
the Indians commenced to raid the Schuylkill 
valley, and on February 14, 1756, a band 
visited the house of Frederick Reichersdorfer 
in West Brunswick township, where they shot 
two of his children and burned all of his 
property. This s.inie band then proceeded to 
Jacob Gerhart s, where they slew one man, 
two women and six children. Two children 
escaped under a bed, where one was burned 
with the house and from which the other es- 
caped out of the house and reached some 
white settlers a mile away. When the news 
of this massacre reached Maxatawny, Berks 
county, a strong party visited the scene of 
slaughter and destruction. 

On the 25th of March, 1756, the Indians 
again visited what is now West Brunswick 
township, and the result of their raid is de- 
scribed by the Pennsylvania Gazette, of April 
that year, as follows: "Ten wagons went up 
from Maxatawny to this township, to bring 
down a fatnily with their effects. As they 
were returning, about three miles below a Mr. 
George Zeisloff's, they were fired upon by a 
number of Indians from both sides of the road, 
upon which the wagoners left their wagons 
and ran into the woods. The enemy killed 
George Zeisloff and wife, a lad of twenty, a 



boy of twelve, and a girl of fourteen, four of 
whom they scalped. A boy was stabbed in 
three places, but his wounds were thought 
not to be fatal. Three horses were killed and 
five taken away by the Indians." 

A third and last destructive raid by the 
Indians into West Brunswick township, was 
made in November, 1756, when they mur- 
dered Adam Trump and took his wife and son 
prisoners, besides carrying off the wife and 
three children of Adam Burns. Trump's wife 
broke away from her captors, and although 
wounded in the neck by a tomahawk thrown 
after her, yet made good her escape. 

While this section was ravaged by the sav- 
ages yet Paul Heins, an early settler, was said 
to have never been molested, on account of 
his having always set a bowl of bread and 
milk before every Indian visitor to his cabin. 

Tradition has it that during the French and 
Indian war — about 1757 — that the white set- 
tlers abandoned West Penn township and 
retreated into Berks county, where a party of 
them determined upon recrossing the Blue 
Mountain and surprising; the Indians or 
" Yellow Boys " in their camp, that on the 
summit of the mountain one of them acci- 
dentally discharged his gun and then descend- 
ing instead of turning back, the thus alarmed 
Indians ambushed them so effectually that but 
one escaped to return with the tidings of his 
comrades' death. 

During the French and Indian war, the 
depredations of the savages seemed to be con- 
fined to the east and north side of ftie Schuyl- 
kill, but when the Revolutionary struggle 
came there were Indian troubles on both sides 
of the river, although the loss of life was not 
so great or the destruction of property so 

A pioneer by the name of Sherman shot an 

Indian near New Ringgold, on the Little 
Schuylkill, at some time during the Revolu- 
tionary war, and several settlers were killed 
during that great struggle in North Manheim 
township, which was then the residence of 
Valentine Trace, a noted Indian fighter. 

On the site of Pottsville, in 1780, John 
Neiman or Negman, with his three children, 
were murdered by the Indians, and during the 
Revolution the settlers at Pine Grove and 
elsewhere in the county were annoyed by the 
savages, but no further murders have come 
down to us beyond the Neiman family, which 
caused a considerable stampede of settlers to 
the south side of the Blue mountain. 

Tradition asserts that when the rural beauty 
and peaceful shades of the beautiful Wyoming 
valley were stained with blood and desolated 
fire, that Taman, a noted Indian chief, was 
foremost in the slaughter, and that later he 
was captured at Hawk's curve and hung near 
the site of the village of Tamanend, in Rush 
township, said to derive its name from 
Taman's end. 

The Tory Path. — During the Revolutionary 
war, what few men were in Schuylkill county 
were busily engaged in defending their homes 
against the Indians and in providing for their 
families, and however patriotic they may have 
been they had but little opportunity to serve 
in the Continental armies. During the Revo- 
lution there was a route of travel that traversed 
the county from southeast to northwest, which 
was known as " The Tory Path," whose name 
is suggestive of its use in those days, although 
history and traditions are alike silent as to its 
objects and what occurred along it. 

Discovery of Anthracite Coal. — The first 
discovery of anthracite coal in Pennsylvania 
was in the Wyoming valley in 1768, and its 
existence was suspected as early as 1770, on 



the Schuylkill, by Scull, who marks on his 
map of that year the possibility of coal beds on 
the headwaters of the above named stream. 
But it remained for Nicho Allen, a native of 
New England and a lumberman who lived on 
the Broad mountain, to make the actual dis- 
covery in Schuylkill county in 1 790. In one 
of his hunting expeditions in that year Allen 
camped out on Broad mountain for the night 
and kindled a fire among some rocks. During 
the night he wakened to find a mass of glow- 
ing fire, he having accidently set fire to the 
outcrop of an anthracite coal-bed. Allen 
made known his discovery but never profited 
by it, " and after having for a considerable 
time advocated the value of anthracite, and of 
his important service to the region in discov- 
ering it, without receiving substantial reward, 
he left the region in disgust for his native 
State, in New England." 

The first successful use of this coal in the 
county was for smithing purposes in 1795, by 
a blacksmith named Whetstone. 

Orwigsburg. — In 1796, Peter Orwig, the 
second son of George Gottfried Orwig, the 
first settler in the county, laid out Orwigsburg, 
the first town in Schuylkill county, and named 
it after his family. At first it built up very 
slowly, yet its citizens were industrious and 
prosperous, and it soon became the infant 
metropolis of the upper Schuylkill valley, 
and in 1811 was made the seat of justice for 
the new created county of Schuylkill. 

Lumbering. — The early settlement of the 
county was due to a certain extent to the op- 
portunities for successful lumbering. From 
the Blue to Sharp mountain, the original tim- 
ber was chiefly white oak and chestnut, while 
beech, birch, poplar, gum and maple were also 
found. North of Shai p mountain the valleys 
were covered with Spruce or hemlock, under 

which flourished a heavy growth of laurel ; 
while the mountain sides, half-way up, bore 
white pine, which was succeeded by chestnut, 
white oak, beech or maple, that reached to the 
summits, where yellow or pitch pine was the 
prevalent growth. 

Much of this timber was valuable for lum- 
ber, and many of the first settlers came to en- 
gage in lumbering. Saw-mills were erected 
on nearly every stream, and from 1780 up to 
1820, lumbering was the main business of the 
people. For some years prior to 1 820, over 
one hundred mills were known to be running 
all the time in the county. This lumber was 
arranged into rafts along the sides of the 
streams where it laid until high water or a 
" fresh " came to float it into and down the 
Schuylkill to Reading and other points below 
that place, where the raftsmen sold it, if not 
already disposed of to a buyer, to lumber mer- 
' chants who were present there during the 
I rafting seasons. The completion of the Schuyl- 
kill navigation put an end to rafting — the first 
stage of lumbering, and lumber was trans- 
ported by canal ai^d slack-water to Philadel- 
I phia, until all the valuable timber was used. 
Early Forgis and Furnaces. — Some ten or 
fifteen years after the lumbering business was 
I fairly launched, several enterprising citizens 
i turned their attention to the manufacture ol 
iron, and the United States census reports for 
I 1 880 says that a forge appears to have been 
' built near Port Clinton in 1801, and that Reese 
& Thomas built a small charcoal furnace at 
Pottsville, between 1800 and 1804. In 1804 
or 1805, Rev. F W. Geisenheimer & Co., 
built Valley furnace, near Silver Creek, just 
north of the site of New Philadelphia; in 1807. 
John Pott erected a forge and furnace at Potts- 
ville, and in i8io, Tobias Rickel built Pine 
Grove forge at Pine Grove. Two years later, 



Daniel Focht and Daniel Graeff built a forge 
on the Little Schuylkill, and we have no fur- 
ther account of a new furnace or forge much 
before 1830. All these early forges and fur- 
naces used charcoal, and we have no account 
from whence their owners obtained iron ore — 
whether in or out of the county. 

County Formation. — On March 18, 181 1, an 
act of the legislature of Pennsylvania was ap- 
proved by Governor Snyder for the erection 
of a part of the counties of Berks and North- 
ampton into a separate county, to be known 
as the county of Schuylkill. The first section 
of the act recites : That all that part of Berks 
county, within the limits of the following 
townships, Brunswick, Schuylkill, Manheim, 
Norwegian, Upper and Lower Mahantongos, 
and Pine Grove townships in Berks county, 
and West Penn and Rush, townships in North- 
ampton county, be erected into a county, 
henceforth to be called Schuylkill. 

By an act passed March 3, 18 18, the follow- 
ing territory was annexed to Schuylkill county 
as Union townships : " All that part of Luzerne 
and Columbia counties Ijjing within the fol- 
lowing lines, viz : Beginning at a corner in the 
line dividing the county of Columbia from 
the county of Schuylkill ; thence extending 
through the township of Catawissa, north ten 
degrees, east four miles and a half to a pine 
tree on the Little mount; thence extending 
through the townships of Catawissa and 
Mifflin, north forty-five degrees, east five 
miles to a stone on Bucks mount and in a line 
dividing the county of Columbia from the 
county of Luzerne ; thence through the town- 
ship of Sugar Loaf, in the county of Luzerne, 
south seventy degrees, east eight miles, to the 
line between the county of Schuylkill and the 
county of Luzerne; thence along the said line 
and the line between the county of Columbia 

and the county of Schuylkill to the place of 

The act directed courts to be held at the 
house of Abram Reiffsyder, in Brunswick 
township, until a court-house was erected. 
The first court was held in the east room of 
this house, on the third Monday of December, 
181 1. Judge Porter presided, with George 
Rausch and Daniel Yost as associate Justices. 
The first grand inquest were : B. Kepner, ' 
George Body, Jacob Houser, A. Yost, P. Feg- 
ley, Tobias Wagner, Isaac Yarnell, P. Kaup, 
Con Roeder, D. Fenstermacher, D. Bensinger, 
P. Albright, Joseph Hecke, Joseph Old, A. 
Hoffer, John Hoch, D. Graeff, George Hille- 
gas, A. Gilbert, P. Siedel and Conrad Yeager. 

J. Andrew Shultz, Daniel Montgomery and 
a Mr. Clark were appointed to fix the location 
for the seat of justice. 

" McKeansburg, Schuylkill Haven and 
Orwigsburg were rival candidates, with claims 
nearly equally balanced. It is said that Peter 
Frailey, Daniel Graeff, John Kobb, John 
Dreher, Phillip Hoy and others induced the 
owners of saw-mills on the Manhannan creek, 
which runs near the borough, to detain the 
water in their mill ponds for a time ; and 
when the commissioners were at Orwigsburg, 
at a preconcerted signal (the blo>ving of a 
horn) they hoisted their flood gates, and the 
stream, swollen in consequence, so strongly 
impressed the commissioners with the manu- 
facturing facilities of the place that they 
decided in its favor." 

In 1841 an attempt was made to forma new 
county, in which the Mahantongo townships 
were to be included; and'twelve years later a 
second attempt was made to form a new 
county by name of Anthracite out of the east- 
ern part of Schuylkill and the southern part 
of Luzerne. 



The following paper was written in con- 
nection with the formation of the county by 
Samuel Lewis, and on account of its histori- 
cal value is inserted entire : 

" I have been frequently requested to write 
a history of Schuylkill county, but have hith- 
erto declined making the attempt, conceiving 
that I lacked nearly every qualification for 
such a task, and particularly that I was 
entirely ignorant of the language spoken by 
the great body of the original settlers, and 
which is still the vernacular tongue of their 
descendants and others from whom it is to be 
hoped that much local information might be 
obtained. And further, that more pressing 
engagements, involving the necessity of pro- 
viding for the hour that was passing, never 
left me much time to collect the necessary 
information, even if I could have spoken the 
language of those who possessed it. 

" Upon further reflection and examination 
of the subject I thought that I could con- 
tribute something towards the end in view 
that might be hereafter used for the purpose 
of a history. And it also occurred to me that 
by making our Association the depository of 
such fragmentary knowledge as might be col- 
lected from time to time, a mass of informa- 
tion would be accumulated from which some- 
thing useful and valuable might be extracted 

" The first thing that seemed necessary was 
to define the boundaries of that portion of 
our state known as Schuylkill county. This, 
it is well-known, was principally taken from 
Berks county, and the latter was carved out 
of Lancaster county, and the latter out of 
Chester county. So that the ground on which 
Pottsvillc stands, as well as a large portion of 
•Schuylkill county, was at one time actually 
within the limits of the county of Chester. 

This carries the inquirer back to the days of 
the first great Proprietary of Pennsylvania ; 
and it occurred to me that to first give an 
introductory view of the history of the estab- 
lishment of a few of the older counties would 
be pertinent. The information thus embodied 
will not be found in the same connected shape 
anywhere else, and may possibly afford some 
amusement if not instruction. 

" By the tenth section of the charter from 
Charles, the Second, to William Penn, he was 
empowered to divide the country thereby 
granted into towns and counties, and to erect 
and incorporate towns into boroughs, and 
boroughs into cities. 

" William Penn landed at Newcastle in the 
(now) State of Delaware, to take possession 
of his province and territories, on October 24, 
1682, and on December 7 following met a 
general assembly of the people at Upland 
(now Chester), for the purpose of passing 
laws for the government thereof 

" He also, shortly afterwards, established a 
Provincial Council to assist him in carrying on 
the government. Jhe printed minutes of this 
council commenced on March 10, 1683. 
There are documents to show that the coun- 
cil had been established previous to this date, 
but their minutes, if they kept any, are lost. 
At this meeting of the council the sheriff of 
each county was called in to make their 
return, as it appears, of a recent election. 
Their names and the names of the counties 
are given, from which it appears that the lat- 
ter were six in number, viz. : Philadelphia, 
Chester, Bucks, Newcastle, Kent and Sussex. 
But how or when these counties were estab- 
lished, and what the boundaries were between 
them, does not appear. 

" Proud in his history of Pennsylvania says 
ihat ' Toward the latter end of the year 1682, 



William Penn, with the assistance of his sur- 
veyor general, Thomas Holmes, commenced 
the laying out of the city of Philade]f)hia,' and 
in the next page adds, ' About this time he, 
with the consent of those who first purchased 
of him, divided the province and territories 
into six counties (three in each),' then naming 
them as above, but does not give his author- 

" William Penn, in a letter to the Earl of 
Sunderland, dated July 25, 1683, says : ' I 
have laid out the province into counties. Six 
are begun to be seated lying on the Great 
river and planted about six miles back.' 

"The above is about all the information 
that has come down to us relative to the lay- 
ing out of the first counties. 

" Things remained in this position until the 
spring of 1685, after the return of WiUiam 
Penn to England, when a council was held at 
Philadelphia ; present, Thomas Holmes, presi- 
dent, and nine other members ; ' It being 
moved in council to have the line of separa- 
tion known and distinguished between the 
counties of Philadelphia and Bucks at the 
river Delaware, the county of Bucks to begin 
at Poaquessing creek, and to take in the 
easterly side thereof, together with the town- 
ships of Southampton and Warminster, and 
thence backwards.' And several members of 
council acquainted this board that they heard 
the Governor positively grant and say that 
the afore-mentioned line should be the divi- 
sion line between the two said counties, and 
being put to the question whether that should 
stand as the division of the counties aforesaid 
it was carried in the affirmative without dis- 

" And also at the same meeting, the follow- 
ing proceeding in relation to the line between 
Philadelphia and Chester counties took place : 

" ' Whereas, the Governor in presence of 
John Symroch and William Wood was pleased 
to say and grant that the bounds of the coun- 
ties of Chester and Philadelphia should be as 
follows, viz. : That the bounds should begin 
at the Mill creek and sloping to the Welsh 
township and thence to Scoolkill, etc., in obe- 
dience thereto and confirmation thereof. 

" ' The council having seriously weyed and 
considered the same have, and do hereby 
agree and order that the bounds betwixt the 
said counties shall be thus, that is to say :. 

" ' The county of Chester to begin at the 
mouth or entrance of Bough creek, upon Del- 
aware river, being the upper end of Tinicum 
island, and so up that creek, dividing the said 
island from the lands of Andros Boone, etc. ; 
from thence along the several courses thereof 
to a large creek called Mill creek, from thence 
up the several Courses of the said creek to a 
W. S. W. hne dividing the Liberty lands of 
Philadelphia from several tracts of land be- 
longing to the Welsh and other inhabitants, 
and from thence E. N. E. by a line of marked 
trees, 120 perches more or less, from thence 
N. N. W. by Harford township, looo perches, 
more or less, from thence E. N. E. by 
of John Humphries, 1 10 perches, more or less, 
from thence N. N. W. by the land of John 
Eckly, 880 perches, more or less, from thence 
continuing the same course to the ScoolVCiS. 
river, which said Scool\SSS. river afterwards to 
be the natural bounds. 

" The question being put, whether the 
aforesaid creeks, courses and lines shall be the 
bounds betwixt the Counties of Philadelphia 
and Chester according to the Governor's 
grant as aforesaid. — Unanimously passed in 
the affirmative. — Minutes of Council, vol. i, 
page 126. 

And again — " At a Council held at Phila- 



delphia,the 8th of 2d month (April), 1685, the I 
line between the counties of Philadelphia 
and Bucks was finally established as follows : 
' To begin at the mouth of Poaquessing creek ■. 
on Delaware river and to go up thence along ' 
said creek by the several courses thereof to a I 
S. W. and N. E. line, which said line divides | 
the land belonging to Joseph Growdon and 
Company from the Southampton township; 
from thence by a line of marked trees along 
said line 120 perches more or less, from thence 
N. W. by a line of marked trees, which said 
line, in part, divided the land belonging to 
Nicholas Moore, from Southampton and War- 
minster townships, continuing the said line as 
far as the said county shall extend.' — Minutes 
of Council, vol. /, page ijo. 

" Thomas Holmes was at this time the 
Surveyor-General of the Province, and also 
a member of the Council, and occasionally 
acted as President pro tern. He probably fur- 
nished the lines for these counties where they 
were not bounded by creeks, as we do not 
find that any commissioners or surveyors 
were sent out for that purpose, as was some- 
times the case afterwards. 

" No other limits than the above were given 
for the three counties, and it seems to have 
been tacitly understood that they were to em- 
brace the whole Province, and to have their 
division lines and their jurisdiction extended 
with the purchase of the country from the 
Indians and its settlement by the whites. 
Philadelphia ' alone was, in reality, circum- 
scribed by shorter limits, though doubtless 
without the knowledge or intention of the 
Council. The division line between it and 
Chester was the Schuylkill, which we pre- 
sume would extend to the head of its main 

" And the line between it and Bucks was 

to be continued on a north-west course — this 
was subsequently so continued — forming the 
line between the counties of Mongomery and 
Berks on one side, and Bucks and Lehigh on the 
other — to the line of Northumberland county. 
And singularly enough this line crosses the 
main branch of Schuylkill, at the town of 
Tuscarora, very near its source — hence giving 
Philadelphia county definite limits all around, 
and leaving the remainder of the Province to 
be divided between Chester and Bucks by an 
extension of the aforesaid northwest line." 

" Nothing more appears to have been done 
in relation to the limits of counties during the 
life-time of William Penn. 

" The next county laid off" and established 
was Lancaster, which as it originally con- 
tained a part of what is now Schuylkill county, 
and the manner of its establishment tends to 
show the increasing strength and power of 
the popular branch of the Proprietary Govern- 
ment, it may be interesting and instructive 
to sketch the history of the transaction a little 
in detail. 

" At a Council held February 6, 1728-9, a 
petition of the inhabitants of the upper parts of 
Chester county was laid before the Board and 
read, — setting forth the inconveniences they 
labored under by reason nf their great distance 
from the county town where the courts are 
held, the offices kept, and the elections 
made, etc. 

" And praying that a division line be made 
between the upper and lower part of said 
county, and the upper part thereof erected 
into a county with all the immunities, rights 
and privileges which any other county of the 
province does now enjoy. 

"After some discussion the further con- 
sideration of the subject was postponed until 
the next day, when after full consideration 



it was resolved : — ' That as well for the 
reasons set forth in the said petition, as the 
security; peace and good order of the whole 
government, there doth appear a real neces- 
sity that a new county should be erected 
according to the prayer of the said petition ; 
and although the power of erecting counties 
is wholly vested in the Proprietary, and there- 
fore in the Governor as his lieutenant, yet 
inasmuch as this will require the establish- 
ment of Courts of Judicature, with other 
alterations for which a due provision will best 
be made by a law, it may be convenient that 
the Governor should acquaint the House of 
Representatives now sitting with the appli- 
cation made to him that the same be carried 
on with and strengthened by the joint and 
unanimous concurrence of the whole Legisla- 
ture.' And again, at a Council held February 
20, 1728-9 — the Governor informed the Board 
that he had acquainted the House of Repre- 
sentatives with his intention to erect the upper 
part of the county of Chester, into a separate 
county, in which they had concurred, and 
that an equal number of the inhabitants of the 
lower and upper part might run the division 
line : ' Whereupon it is ordered that Henry 
Hayes, Samuel Nutt, Samyel HoUingsworth, 
Philip Taylor, Elisha Gatchel, James James, 
John Wright, Tobias Hendricks, Samuel 
Blunston, Andrew Cornish, Thomas Edwards 
and John Musgrave, or the major part of 
them, calling to their assistance John Taylor, 
the surveyor of Chester county, meet at 
some convenient place near Octorara creek 
or river and cause a marked line to be run 
from the most northerly or main branch of 
the Octorara creek northward, or to the east 
or west thereof as it shall be found most con- 
venient to the next high ridge of barren or 
uninhabited hills that trend from thence to 

Schuylkill river, keeping as near as may be to 
the ridge of the said hills and to proceed along 
the ridge thereof, yet with as few changes in 
the course as the situation will admit, and 
fixing the same to the most conspicuous 
natural and durable marks, that may be the 
least subject to uncertainty or variation. To 
be bounded southward by the southern 
bounds of the Province, and eastwardly by 
the said Octorara creek, and from thence the 
northern line to be by them run as aforesaid 
to the said hills, from thence and along then 
to the river Schuylkill, and the main northern 
or easterly branch thereof above the forks of 
said river, to lie open to the westward and 
northward till further order shall be given 
therein, and to make report of their proceed- 
ings to this Board.' 

" At a Council held May 2, 1729, the report 
of the commissioners was received, stating 
that they had performed the duties assigned 
to them, and giving a description, by courses 
and distances, of the division line run by 
them. And then the Board declared that 
' the upper part of this province described as 
aforesaid are hereby declared to be erected, 
and are accordingly erected into a county by 
the name of Lancaster county. And it is 
ordered that the same be signified to the 
House of Representatives, and the return laid 
before them for their direction in describing 
the boundaries thereof in the Bill now before 
them for establishing Courts of Judicature, etc., 
within the same.' — Minutes of Council, vol. j, 
pages 34.3, etc. 

"The Act of Assembly passed the loth of 
May, 1729, for erecting certain parts of the 
Province into a county, sets forth, ' That all 
and singular the lands within the Province of 
Pennsylvania, lying to the northward of Octo- 
rara creek, and to the westward of a line of 



marked trees, running northeasterly to the 
river Schuylkill, be erected into a county, 
named and from henceforth to be called Lan- 
caster county ; and the said Octorara creek, 
the line of marked trees and the river Schuyl- 
kill aforesaid, shall be the boundary line or : 
division between the said county and the coun- 
ties of Chester and Philadelphia. | 

" William Penn, upon his arrival in this coun- 
try, erected six counties and established 
courts of justice, etc., therein, without asking 
assistance from anyone. But in a few years 
after his death, the deputy or lieutenant-gov- 
ernor, appointed by his heirs, finds it necessary 
to ask the assistance of the House of Repre- 
sentatives or popular branch of the govern- 
ment in establishing a new county. 

" None of the descriptions of the line dividing 
Lancaster from Philadelphia are very clear or 
certain ; it was to be from the corner of Ches- 
ter, the river Schuylkill, and the main north- 
ern or easterly branch thereof, above the forks 
of said river. The Little Schuylkill might be 
made to answer these conditions, but what is 
known as the Main or Big Schuylkill was in 
after times considered b> the officers of the 
government as the dividing line, as will be 
shown in its proper place. Perhaps it was not 
easy to make it more definite through a coun- 
try so little known at that day, and besides the 
land was not at that time purchased of the In- 
dians further up than the Blue mountain, and 
the Indians contended, not further than the 
Lechay hills, or those passing south of Read- 
ing. Of course a division line higher than 
this, was but of little practical consequence at 
that time. 

" It may be here remarked that in striking 
contrahl with the restlessness and love of 
change of modern times, the line thus estab- 
lished between the counties of Chester and 

Lancaster remains the division line between 
them to this day. And that the line between 
Berks on one side, and Philadelphia and Mont- 
gomery on the other, remains the same as it 
was established in 1685. 

" We now come to the county of Berks, from 
which the principal part of Schuylkill county 
was subsequently taken, the remainder of 
the original county having been taken from 
Northampton. As the bills for establishing 
these counties were both passed on the same 
day, we will treat of them together. 

"By an Act of Assembly passed the i ithday 
of March, 1752, it was enacted that "all and 
singular the lands lying within the Province of 
Pennsylvania, within the bounds as hereinafter 
described, be erected into a county named and 
henceforth to be called Berks, bounded as fol- 
lows: by a line at the dist.mce of ten superfi- 
cial miles southwest from the western bank of 
the river Schuylkill, opposite to the mouth of 
a creek called Monocacy — to be run northwest 
to the extremitv of the Province, and southeast 
until it shall intersect the line of Chester coun- 
ty, then on one straight line, crossing the river 
Schuylkill aforesaid to the upper or north- 
westward line of McCall's manor; thence along 
the said line to the extremity thereof, and con- 
tinuing the same courM to the line dividing 
Philadelphia and Bucks counties ; then along 
the said line northwest to the extent of the 
county aforesaid.' 

" And by the 13th section of the same Act, 
Edward Scull of the county of Philadelphia, 
Benjamin Lightfoot of the county of Chester and 
William Cookson of the county of Lancaster, 
were ' appointed to run, mark out and distin- 
guish the boundary line between the said 
counties of Philadelphia, Chester, and Lancas- 
ter, and the hereinbefore mentioned county of 
Berks, or so much thereof as they or a major- 



ity of them for the respective counties, shall 
judge convenient and necessary.' 

" I cannot find that any return of the running 
of the lines of Berks county was made to the 
Governor and Council as was the case with 
Lancaster by the commissioners. The return 
may have been made to the Assembly, or may 
be found among the records of some of the 
counties concerned. Should I hereafter dis- 
cover it, I will add it as an appendix to this 

" By an Act passed March ii, 1752, it was 
enacted that 'all and singular the lands lying 
within the Province of Pennsylvania be erected, 
and the same is hereby erected into a county 
named and henceforth to be called Northamp- 
ton; — to be divided from the county of Bucks 
by the upper or northwestward line of the 
Durham tract to the upper corner thereof; 
then by a straight line to be run southwest- 
wardly to the line dividing the townships of 
Upper and Lower Milford, thence along the 
said line to the line dividing Philadelphia and 
Bucks counties, and then by that line to the 
extremity of the province.' 

" And by section 1 3, of said Act, John Chap- 
man, John Watson, Jr., and Samuel Foulke 
were ' appointed commissioners to run, mark 
out and distinguish the boundary between the 
said counties of Bucks and Northampton.' But 
no mention is made in the act of the running 
of any other lines. Doubtless presuming that 
if the line of Berks county were run as in the 
Act erecting that county is directed, it would 
be all that was required. 

" The foregoing brief history of the establish- 
ment of sundry counties in the eastern part 
of the State, may tend to show, as already 
observed, the growing and increasing strength 
of the popular branch of the Proprietary gov- 

" William Penn upon his arrival in this coun- 
try erected six counties, and established courts 
of justice, etc., in them without asking assist- 
ance from any one. Not even deigning, so 
far as we know, to leave any record of his acts 
or any descriptions of the boundaries of the 
several counties. But in 1728, a few years 
after the death of Penn, the Deputy or Lieu- 
tenant Governor appointed by his heirs, upon 
the petition for the erection of Lancaster 
county, while asserting that the right of erect- 
ing counties is wholly vested in the Proprietary, 
and therefore in the Governor as his lieuten- 
ant, yet as courts, etc., will have to be estab- 
lished, thinks it convenient that he should 
acquaint the House of Representatives then 
sitting of the application made to him, that the 
same might be carried on and strengthened 
by the joint action of the whole Legislature, — 
and it was so carried on and consummated. But 
the Council in this case appointed the com- 
missioners to run out the boundaries of the 
new county and directed them to report to 
council, which they did. And then in 1752 
when we come to the erection of Berks and 
Northampton, the only notice taken of the 
matter in the minutes of the Council is as 
above stated. The commissioners to run the 
boundaries were named in the acts, but to 
whom they were to report, or whether they 
were to report at all, is nqt set forth either 
in the acts or minutes of Council. 

" By an act passed April 17, 1795, the Gov- 
ernor was authorized to ' appoint commissioners 
to run the lines between the counties of Berks 
and Northumberland counties (among other 
lines), — beginning at the forks of Mahantongo 
and Pine Creeks, at a place called Spread 
Eagle, and from thence N. 66 E., until the 
same shall intersect the line dividing the 
counties of Berks and Northampton, which 


shall hereafter be deemed and taken to be the 
boundary line between Berks and Northum- 
berland counties.' 

" This line was subsequently run and thus 
enclosed Berks on all sides by definite lines. 
No further alterations were made in them until 
1811, when by an Act passed March i, 181 1, 
it was enacted that ' all that part of Berks 
county lying and being within the limits of 
the following townships, to wit : The townships 
of Brunswick, Schuylkill, Manheim, Norwe- 
gian, Upper Mahantongo, Lower Mahantongo 
and Pinegrove, in Berks county; and the 
townships of West Penn and Rush in the 
county of Northampton, shall be and the same ', 
are hereby, according to their present lines, 
declared to be erected into a county, hence- 
forth to be called Schuylkill.' 

" It must be evident that this description 
conveys no definite idea of the size, shape, or 
even position of the new county, further than 
that it was to be parts of Berks and North- ; 
ampton. To form an adequate idea of these j 
matters we must first know the size, shape and 
position of the nine townships as they were 
located and adjoined to each other in 181 1. 1 
I have made some progress in investigating | 
this matter; but much remains yet to be done. 
If I should be able to complete it, the results 
will be hereafter communicated. 

" It was this indistinctness of description of 
which I was well aware that induced me to be 
so particular in describing the boundaries of 
the counties of Berks and Northampton and 
the manner of their establishment. 

"The county of Schuylkill was enlarged by 
an Act of Assemby pa.ssed the 3d day of March, 
1818, which enacted, — ' That all that part of Co- 
lumbia and Luzerne counties lying and being 
within the following lines viz. : Beginning at a 
a corner in the line dividing the county of 

Columbia from the county of Schuylkill, 
thence extending through the township of 
Catawissa, N. 10 E., 4'i miles to a pine tree 
on the Little .^Touitt. \ thence extending 
through the townships of Catawissa and Mif- 
flin, N. 45 E., 5 miles to a stone on Buck's 
Mount., and in a line dividing the county of 
Columbia from the county of Luzerne, thence 
through the township of Sugarloaf, in the 
county of Luzerne, S. 70 E., 8 miles to the 
line between the counties of Schuylkill and 
Luzerne, thence along the said line and the 
line between the county of Columbia and the 
(jounty of Schuylkill to the place of beginning, 
shall from and after the passing of this act be 
annexed to tjae county of Schuylkill, and from 
henceforth be called Union township'" 


Con^rissmen. — The following have been elected 
from Schuylkill county: Edward B. Hubley, 1S34. 
1836; George N. Eckart, 1846; Charles D. Pit- 
man, i.S4,S; C. M Straub, 1852; J. H. Camp- 
bell, 1S54, 1858, i860; MyerStrouse, 1862, 1864; 
Henry L. Cake, 1863, 1868; James B. Reiliy. 
1874, 1876; John VV. Ryon, 1878; Charles N. 
Brumm, iSS;, 1884, 1886; James B. Reiliy, 
1888, i.'^qo. 1892. 

Judges.— Vxom. 1811 to 1851 the following 
judges were appointed : Robert Porter, Samuel 
1) Franks, Calvin Blythe, James M Porter, Anson 
V. Parsons, N. B. Eldred and Luther Kidder. 
Charles W. Hegins was elected in 1850 and died 
shortly after, being succeeded by E. O. Parry. 
H. S. Souther was next appointed, and served 
until 1871, when Thomas H. Walker was elected, 
and D. B. Green became judge of the court of 
common pleas. Cyrus L. Pershing was elected 
president judge in 1872, and O. P. Bechtel second 
additional law judge in 1877. In 1881 Oavid B. 
Green was elected additional law judge ; he died 
in 1892. and Mason Wendman was appoincd to 
succeed him, and was elected in 1893. In 1882 



and again in 1892 Cyrus L. Pershing was elected 
as president judge, while Oliver P. Bechtel was 
re-elected additional law judge in 1887. 

By act of assembly in 1867 was established the 
first district of criminal jurisdiction, including 
Schuylkill, Dauphin and Lebanon counties. Col. 
D. B. Green was appointed as its judge and served 
as such until it was abolished by tlie constitution 
of 1871. 

Sheriffs. — William Green, 1811; Frederick 
Hesser, 1814; Benjamin Christ, 181 7; George 
Rahn, 1820-1831 ; Matthias Dreher, 1823; John 
Rausch, 1823; Samuel Huntzinger, 1825; Charles 
Frailey, 1828; Henry Rausch, 1834; Peter F. 
Ludwig, 1837; J. T. Woolison, 1840; Jeremiah 
Reed, 1843;. John T.Werner, 1846; Cjiiristian 
M. Straub, 1849; James Nagle, 1^52; William 
Matz, 185s; John P. Hobart, 1858; John 
Rausch, 1861 ; Michael Horan, 1864; George 
C. Wyncoop, 1867; Charles W. Pitman, 1870; 
James I. Pitman, 1871 ; J. Frank Werner, 1874; 
William J. Matz, 1877; J. Monroe Boyer, 1882; 
B. J.Duffy, 1885; Andrew Comery, 1888; Jos. 
Woll, 1 89 1. 

Prothonotaries. — James McFarland, 1811 ; Philip 
Frailey, 1817; Jacob Dreibelbis, 1819; Henry 
W. Conrad, 1821 ; Peter Frailey, 1824; Jacob 
Hammer, 1827; Lewis Audenreid, 1836; George 
Rahn, 1839; Charles Frailey, 1 842-1 860; Chris- 
tian M. Straub, 1845 ; Thomas Mills, 1848; John 
Harlan, 1851J Samuel Huntzinger, 1854; Daniel 
H. Shoener, 1857; Joseph M. Feger, 1863; 
Thomas J. McCamant, 1866; William J. Matz, 
1869 J Hiram Moyer, 1872; Thomas F, Kerns, 
1875-1878; Wm. J. McCarthy, 1881; Wm. J. 
McCarthy, 1884; M. P. Brennan, 1887; S. Cf. 
Kirk, 1890; James Deegan, 1893. 

Treasurers. — Daniel Graeff, 181 2; John Ham- 
mer, 181 5; Jacob Huntzinger, 1818, 1822; John 
Schall, 1819, 1825, 1832; Joseph Hammer, 1828; 
Joseph Ottinger, 1834; John M. Brikel, 1838; 
Jacob Huntzinger, Jr., 1840; Henry Shoemaker, 
1844; Henry Krebs, 1846; B. C. Christ, 1848 ; 
F. B. Kaercher, 1850; George D. Boyer, 1852; 

Isaac Ward, 1854; Samuel K. M. Keepner, 1856 ; 
William Bickel, 1858; James R. Cleaver, i860; 
Joseph H. Ruhards, 1862; Henry J. Hendler, 
1864; William B. Rady, 1866; Conrad Seltzer, 
1868; Edward Bradley, 1870; George A. Her- 
ring, 1872; Daniel Barlow, 1874; Cyrus Moore, 
1876; Louis Stoffregen, 1879; Alex. Faust, 1881 ; 
Louis Blass, 1884; M. J. Whalen, 1887; Thomas 
Pepper, 1890; Daniel Dechert, 1893. 

Commissioners (term of office three years). — 
Abraham Angstadt, John Ruth and John Zebner, 
elected in 181 1; John Hammer, Conrad Kersh- 
ner, George Kimmel, 1812 ; George Orwig, 1813 ; 
Benjamin Christ, 1814 ; Henry Straub, Christopher 
Boyer, 1815; Daniel Focht, 1816; Christian 
Brobst, 181 7 ; Jacob Hehn, 1818 ; Philip Foegly, 
1 81 9; John Pott, Abraham Reifsnyder, 1820; 
John Seltzer, 1822; John Reed, Abraham Ang- 
stadt, 1823; John Gehner, 1824; Henry Shoe- 
maker, 1825; Ludwig Berger, 1826; John Matz, 
1827; Henry Ege, Samuel Haine, 1829; David 
Turner, 1831 ; George Reed, 1832; William 
Mortimer, 1833; John Brans, 1834; John Shoe- 
ner, 1835; Philip Osman, 1836; Adam Focht, 
1837 ; Abraham Boughner, Benjamin Pott, 1838 ; 
Benjamin Lantzer, Edward O'Conner, 1839; 
George Seitzinger, George Boyer, 1841 ; Samuel 
R. Medlar, 1842 ; George Moser, 1843 > Henry 
Zimmerman, 1844; Frederick Beck, William 
Wagner, 1845 ; George H. Stichter, 1846 ; Lewis 
Dreher, 1847; Isaac Betz, 1 848 ; William Frailey, 
1849 ; Michael Fritz, 1850 ; Thomas Foster, 1851 ; 
George Hartline, 1852 ; Jacob Kline, Isaac Straub, 
1853 ; Andrew H. Wilson; 1855 ; David Lengle, 
1856; Philip Boyer, 1857; Edward O'Conner, 
1858; Samuel Kaufman, 1859; Evan J. Thomas, 
i860; Daniel B. Althouse, 1861 ; Robert Wall, 
Edward O'Conner, 1862; David Foley, Charles 
Springer, 1863; Elijah Zeiglar, 1864; Benjamin 
Evart, George Wilson, 1866; Edward Kerns, 
1867; Patrick Dormer, 1868; Peter Miller, 1870 ; 
Valentine Benner, 1872; Moses Hine, 1873; 
Patrick Conry, 1874; Morgan W. Fehr, Lewis 
Blass, Patrick Collins, 1875; Samuel Garret, 



Daniel Beyer, A. J. ShortuU, 1878; John Leahy, 
Daniel Boyer, A. J. Shortull, 1881 ; John Leahy, 
John Leonard (after serving eleven months was 
removed on account of irregularities in his elec- 
tion ; J. O. Roads was appointed in his place) ; 
James Gallery (died in office and Geo. Evans was 
appointed in his jilace), 1884; Samuel G. De 
Turk, Geo. D. Moyer, J. J. Bowes, 1887 ; 
E. K Reed, Saml. G. De Turk, J. J. Bowes, 
1890; Frank Rentz, C. F. Allen, J. P. Martin, 

Register of Wills, Clerk of the Orphans' Court 
and Recorder (offices combined until 1857). — 
James McFarland, elected 181 1; Philip Frailey, 
1818; Jacob Drieblebis, 1819; Francis B. 
Nichols, 1821; Peter Frailey, 1824; Charles 
Frailey, 1831 ; Samuel Huntzinger, 1833; Joseph 
Morgan, 1836; Jacob Hammer, 1838; Jacob 
Krebs, 1840; John \\. Downing, 1842; Samuel 
Guss, 1845; Daniel Kercher, 1848; lewis 
Reeser, 1851 ; Joshua Boyer, 1854. 

Recorders. — Levi Huber, 1857; Dt-nnis Maher. 
i860; Benjamin F. (Griffith, 1863; Martin 
Schaefer, 1866; Ernst !•'. Jungkurth, 1869; J. 
Webber, 1873; Adam Hartwig, 1875; John A. 
Kcilly, 1878; Wm. C. Haussler, 1881 ; A. J. 
Shortall, iSS^; J. H. I,ev;ui, 1887; Henry 
Scheurman, 1890; Henry Scheurman, 1893. 

Register of Wills and Clerk of Orphans'' Court. 
— Jacob Feger, J857; Joseph Bo wen, i860; 
Adolph Dohrmann, 1863; Charles McGee, 1869; 
Benjamin F. Cranshan, 187a; Richard Rahn, 
1873, 1878; J. C. Purcell, 1S81; G. U. John- 
sou, 1884; Samuel Beard, 1887; Samuel Beard, 
1890 ; Charles C. Matten, 1893. 

Clerk of the Cbwr/j.— ;This office was combined 
with that of prothonotary until 1857. Since 1857 
CIlifIcs .\. Rahn, James Glenn, Charles F. Rahn, 
and ( ) J. Aret,'ooii have served ; F^lhannan \V. Fnc- 
hafer, 1881 ; Elhannan W. IrcciuifLr, 1884 ; Daniel 
Duffy, 1887; John J. Toole, 1890; A J. 
Shortall, i8<)3. 

State Representatives (Schuylkill and Berks 
counties one district from i8n to 1828. since 

then Schuylkill one district) — Jacob Krebs, 1812. 
1 81 3; Jacob Drieblebis, 1 81 4; Christian Halde- 

t man, 1815; Michael Graeff, 1816, 1825; John 
W. Roseberry, 1819; Jacob Rhan, 1820; William 
Audenreid, 1822. 1823; George Rhan, 1824, 

, i8a6, 1827, 1829; Samuel Huntzinger, 1830, 
1831, 1832; Charles Frailey, 1833, 1855; Henry 
D. Conrad, 1834, 1835 ; Jacob Hammer, 1836, 
1844, 1853; Daniel Krebs, 1837; William Mor- 
timer, 1838; Augustus Holmes, 1840; John 

\ Deaver, 1841; Christian N, Straub, 1842, 1844; 

' Abraham Hubner, 1843; James Taggart, 1845, 

I 1846; George Boyer, 1845,1846, 1S48; Samuel 

i Kaufman, 1847; Alexander W. Leyburn, 1847, 
1848; John K. Otto, John W. Roseberry, 1849; 
Nicholas JiMUN, 1850; William J. Dobbins, 1850, 
1851 ; John S. Struthers, 1851 ; Stephen Ringer, 
Bernard Reiley, 1852 ; John Horn, Jr., 1853, 
1854; Samuel Hippie, 1854, 1856; Benjamin 
Christ, 1S55; William R. Lebo, 1856, 1857; 
(leorjje Wagonseller, 1S57; Charles D. Hippie, 
1858; Michael Weaver, 1858, 1864. 1865; T. R. 
L. I'.linr, 1858; Cyrns L. Pinkerton, 1859, i860; 
John .s. Ho\.r, 1859, i860; P. R. Palm, 1859; 

; Joseph R. Maurer, i860; Henry Huhn, Daniel 
Koch, Lin Bartholomew, 1861 ; James Ryon, 
1862, Lewis C.Dougherty, 1862; Adam Wolf, 
1862, 1863; Edward Kern.s, 1863, 1864; Con- 

I rad Gral)cr, 1863, 1864; John Dormer, Joshua 
l!o\er, 1865; Kennedy Robinson, 1866, 1867; 

I John M. Crossland, 1866; P. F. Collins, 1866, 
1867; Philip Breen, 1867, 1869; Kilward Kearns, 

: Michael Beard, 1868, 1869; D. K. Nice, 1868, 

1 1869; James Ellis, 1870, 1871 ; J. Irvin Steele, 
1870, 1871 ; F. W. Snyder, 1870; Francis Mr- 
Keon, 1871; Wallace Guss, 1872; Charles F. 
King, 1872, 1873; ^^ H. Uhler, 1872; Ihomas 
Egan, 1873, 1874; Benjamin Kaufman, 1873; 
John W. Morgan. Frederick L. Foster, 1874. 
After 1S74 the following members of the House of 
Representatives were elected for two years, under 
the new constitution : 1875 — 1st district, John 
W. Morgan; 2d, Charles L. Loudenslat,'er ; 3d. 
Joshua Boyer: 4th, .^. -A. Losch, William J. 



Lewis, Frederick L. Foster; 1877 — ist, John W. 
Morgan ; 2d, David J. McKibben ; 3d, Wil- 
loughby C. Felthoff; 4th, John M. Kauffman, 
Decius H. Wilcok, W. Ramsay Potts; 1879 — i^t, 
Patrick Conry ; 2d, John F. Welsh ; 3d, I. T. 
Shoener; 4th, S. C. Kirk, C. Palsgrave, Clay W. 
Evans; 1884, ist district — Thos. Higgins, 2nd 
district, James E. Brennan ; 3d district, Edw. 
Schlecher; 4th district, Wm. E. Fulmar, Fred 
E. Stees, Edward Hummel. 18S4, ist district — 
M. A. Leary; 2d district, D. D. Phillips; 3d 
district, Thos. Purcell ; 4th district, E. W. 
Thomas, C. W. Sherman, John M. Kaufman. 
1886, ist district — John Tahany; 2d district, 
D. D. Phillips; 3d district, Thomas Purcell; 
4th district, Elias Davis, E. W. Thomas, C. C. 
Matten, 1888, ist district — Wm. E. Jones; 2d 
district, Eugene Donohue ; 3d district, Wm. M. 
Bachert; 4th district, Wm. R. Potts, Calvin W. 
Brower, Elias Davis. 1890, ist district — J, J. 
Brennan ; 2d district, Eugene Donohue ; 3d dis- 
trict, Wm. M. Bachert ; 4th district, Elias Davis, 
Geo. W. Kennedy, S. S. Cooper. 1892, ist dis- 
trict — J. J. Coyle ; 2d district, John X. Dence ; 
3d district, Wm. Follweiler; 4th district, Geo. 
W. Kennedy, S. A. Losch, S. S. Cooper. 

State Senators (Schuylkill and Berks one dis- 
trict 1812-35; Schuylkill and Columbia, 1836- 
43; Schuylkill, Carbon, Monroe and Pike, 1844 
-49; Schuylkill, 1850-74; and since then two 
districts). — Peter Frailey, 181 2, 1816; James B. 
Hubley, 1820; William Audenreid, 1823; Jacob 
Krebs, 1828, 1832; Charles Frailey, 1836, 1850; 
Francis W.Hughes, 1844; George Rahn (to fill 
vacancy occasioned by the resignation of F. W. 
Hughes), 1845; Jo^ii Hendricks, 1853; Christian 
Straub, 1856; Robert M. Palmer, 1859; Richard 
Reilly, 1862; William M. Randall, 1865, 1868, 
1871; Oliver P. Bechtel, 1874; John P. Cob- 
ban, 1875; Luther R. Keefer, 1877; William I^. 
Torbett, 1877 ; John Parker, 1879. 1882, 30th 
•district, Chas. F. King; 1884, 29th district, 
L. R Keefer; 1886, 30th district, M. C.Wat- 
son; 1888, 29th district, L. R. Keefer; i8go, 

30th district, B. J. Monaghan ; 1892, 29th dis- 
trict, L. R. Keefer. 

War of 181 2. — Quite a number of soldiers from 
Schuylkill county served in the Second War for 
Independence against Great Britain, but all those 
so far have failed who have attempted to secure 
their names. The following served from Hegins 
township : Peter and Jonathan Bressler, Peter and 
George Dinger, George Dedrich, John Schoup 
and John Kessler. 

Members of the Bar. — The Chronicle publishes 
the following list from the time the county was or- 
ganized up to the present day. The early records 
of the county were unsystematic and incomplete, 
and some names may have been omitted. From 
1 818, the record has been faithfully kept, and the 
list to date is quite complete and is without doubt 
the most accurate list that has ever been published : 

E. B. Hubley, Oct. 16, 181 8; Christopher 
Loeser, July 31, 1821 ; George Taylor, Oct. 31," 
1821 ; Alex. L. Hays, Oct. 31, 1821 ; Wm. B. 
Potts, Oct. 27, 1823; John Bannan, March 30, 
1824; Thos. Morris, Jr., July 27, 1824; Chas. A. 
Bradford, July 27, 1824; Geo. M. Keim, Oct, 24, 
1826; Daniel J. Heister, Oct. 24, 1826; Joseph 
H. Spayd, March 26, 1827; W. C. Leavenworth, 
Dec. 30, 1828; Sergeant Hall, July 28, 1829; 
David Cander, July 28, 1829; Edward Owen 
Parry, Oct. 26, 1829; Geo. W. Farquhar, March 
29, 18^0; Philip S. Markley, March 29, 1830; 
Nicholas J. Wood, March 29, 1830; Robert C. 
Grier, March 29, 1830; Joseph M. Duncan, March 
31, 1830; John C. Flanigan, April i, 1830; 
Nathan Nathans, April 2, 1830 ; John S. Wharton, 
July 26, 1830 ; Volney B. Palmer, July 26, 1830 ; 
Wm. F. Dean, July 26, 1830; John Henderson, 
July 26, 1830; Henry W. Smith, July 27, 1830; 
Benjamin Parks, July 27, 1830; John J. Wurtz, 
July 29, 1830 ; Levi Hollingworth, Oct. 25, 1830; 
Geo. W. Woodward, Oct. 26, 1830; John Swift, 
Oct. 27, 1830; Joseph S. Cohen; Oct. 29, 1830; 
Robert M. Barr, Dec. 30, 1830 ; Joshua W. Comly, 
March 29, 1831 ; Jacob Hoffman, Oct. 23, 1832 ; 
Hugh Bellas, Oct. 23, 1832; Benj. W. Gumming, 



March 25, 1834; Garrick Mallery, Oct. 27, 1836; 
Ebenezer Greenough, Oct. 27, 1836 ; Jacob Broom, 
July 24, 1837; John [' Hobart, July 24, 1837; 
Zaccur Prall, July 26, 1837 ; Francis W. Hughes, 
Oct. 23, 1837 : Charles Heistand, Dec. 20, 1837; 
Eli K. Price, Oct. 21, 1839; James Pleasants. 
July 27, 1840; John W. Roseberry, Jr., Sept. 20, 
1841 ; James H Campbell, Oct. 18, 1841 ; -A. W. 
Leyburn, Dec. 13, 1841; Decatur E. Nice, June 
I, 1842 ; John M. Foster, June 2, 1S42; Augustine 
Dooly, July 18, 1842 ; Benjamin Gerhard, July 20, 
1842; Wm. M. Meredith, July 20, 1842; Wm. B. 
Heiskell, July 20, 1842 ; John C. Neville, July 21. 
1842; Horace Smith, Oct. 24, 1842; C" W. 
Brooke, Oct. 30, 1843; Chas C. Raunn, July 24, 
1844; Paul B. Carter, Dec. 11, 1844; J. S. Mr- 
Micken, March 3, 1845 '< Vincent H. Smith, 
March 5, 1845 > ^- M- Palmer, March 5, 1845 • 
Evan O. Jackson, June 5, 1845 ; Charles W 
Hegins, June 10, 1845 ^ James T. Hale, June 10, 
1845 ; Charles J. Jack, June 17, 1845 ; James C. 
Marshall, Sept. 8, 1845 ; ^^'"i- P- fonlke, Dec. 
5, 1845 > Calvin Blythe, Dec. 8, 1845; Jacob S. 
Livingood, Dec. 8, 1845; Cieorge W. Matchin, 
March 3, 1846; John Ulrich, June 6, 1846 ; Robt. 
H. Hobart, June 11, 1846; Benj. Bartholomew, 
July 7, 1846; Thos. Robinson, Dec. 9, 1846; 
Thomas H. Walker, Dec. 9, 1S46 ; Howell Fi^hir, 
Dec. 9, 1846 ; Charlemagne Tower, Dec. 24. 
1846; Wm. Cornfield, Feb. 4, 1847; Bowman 
Bell, March i, ^f•■\^ ; John R. Breitenbach, Sept. 
9, 1847 ; Joseph W. Cake, Sept. 10, 1847; J- K. 
Hamlin, Sept. 14, 1847; John Porter, Dec. 16, 
1847; ^^"i- Ayres, June 5, 1848; Wm. B. Wells, 
.Sept. 15, 1848; Crosby W. Ellis, Dec. 11, 184S; 
A. L. Hennershotz, March 21, 1849; J- B. Mc- 
Enally, June 4, 1849; James Cooper, June 4, 
1849; Brua Cameron, June 4, 1849 ; Peter Burns, 
June 4, 1849; Hugh M. North, June 4, 1849: 
Henry W. Lewis, June 4, 1849; Edward Shippen, 
June 4, 1849; T. I-. Boileau, June 5, 1849; ^V""- 
H. Hubbard, June 6, 1849; Bushrod W. Hughes, 
June 6, 1849; Peter Gwinner, June 12, 1X4.;; 
Edward Olmstead, July 25, 1849; Daniel E. 

i Phillips, Sept. 3, 1849 : ^' H. McCabe, Sept. 11. 
' 1849; Edwin A. Brooke, Sept. 17, 1849; Caleb 

F. Bowman, Dec. 3, 1849; Othneil De Forest, 

Dec. 3. 1849: Seymour D. Ball, Dec. 4, 1849; 

John Weidman, Dec. 5, 1849; O- H- Wheeler, 

Dec. II, 1849; John Hendricks, June 13, 1850; 

Wm. M. Rockafellow, Sept. 9, 1850; Edward H. 

Baldy, Sept. 10, 1850; John Williamson, Dec. 2, 

1H30; Craig Biddle, Dec. 6, 1850; W'm. 1. 

Whitney, Dec. 17, 1850; Le Grand Bancroft. 

March 3, 185 1 ; John C Bullit, March 13, 185 1 ; 

Lemuel G. Traugh, March 20, 185 1 ; Henry B. 

Woods, June 11, 1851 ; Nathaniel P. Hobert, June 

19, 1851 ; John Banks, Sept. 1, 1851 ; Daniel H. 
Mulveny, Sept. 3. 1.S51 . John Hughes, Sept. 9, 
1 85 1 ; Matthew Canning, Sept. 9, 1851 ; Heister 
(lymer, Dec. i, 1.S51 ; Geo. D. Haughawout, 
Dec. I, 1851 ; James .\. McBarron, Feb. 6, 1852; 
Joseph W. Parker, June 7, 1852; Isaac M. Cake, 

I June 12, 1S52; George H. Clay. July 28, 1852; 

j Thomas R. Bannan, Sept. 8, 1852; Charles D. 

I Hippie, Dec. i, 1852 ; John T. Shoener, Dec. 10, 
1852; Thomas T. Kutchen, June 7, 1853; M. 
Edgard Riihard-, June 7, 1853; J. B. Swett, June 

I 7, i.S^-,; James Lews, Sept. 9, 1853; Seth W. 

j Geer, .Nov. 10, 1S53; Jacob Riegel, Dec. 8, 1853 ; 
James >L Richards, June 9, 1854; George de B. 
Keim, Jan. 22. 1855; David B. Green, Jan. 23, 
1855; Myer Strouse, March 6. 1855 ; William R. 

I Smith, March 12, 1855 ; Francis P. Dewees, June 

i S. '855 ; William J I-eib. Dec. 8, 1855 ; Jonathan 
Wright, Sept. 2, 1856; Cyrus L Pinkerton, Sept, 

j 17, 1856; James Ryon, Dec. i, 1856; Christo- 
pher Little, March 16, 1857; Lin C. P. Bartholo- 
mew, March 16, 1857; Albion P. Spinney, Mart h 

16, 1857; Conrad F. Shindel, Dec. 16, 1857; 
John T. Boyle, Sept. 20, 1858; James Ellis, Sept. 

20, 1858; John P. Brook, Sept. 21, 1858; George 
M. Dallas, Sept. 16, 1859; W. Ramsey Potts, Sept. 

17, 1859; Franklin B. Gowen, May 31, i860; B. 
M. McCormick, Feb. 2, 1861 ; B. B. McCool, Feb. 
6, 1861 ; Henry Royer, March 19, 1861 ; Robert 

i L. Leyburn, March 19, 1861 ; Herman B. GraefT, 
' March 19, 1861 ; Orlando C. Tiffany, Sept. 5, 



1861 ; George W. Ryon, Sept. n, 1861 j Wallace 
P. Ryon, Dec. 9, 1861 ; John C. Conyngham, 
March 19, 1862; George W. Matz, March 19, 
1862; Jacob A. Hazen, April 19, 1862; Daniel 
D. Dillman, April 19, 1862; John W. Ryon, 
March 23, 1863 ; Henry C. Bergstresser, April 15, 
1863; Henry S. Marr, April 15, 1863; Guy E. 
Farquhar, June i, 1863; E. Greenough Scott, 
June 2, 1863; Cornelius Smith, June 6, 1864; 
David A. Jones, June 20, 1864; Seth H. Yecum, 
April 26, 1865; Silas W. Geis, April 29, 1865; 
Frank T. Bennett, June 12, 1865; W. J. Wol- 
verton, Sept. 5, 1865; S. G. Kennedy, Sept. 5, 
1865; Wm. A. Marr, Sept. 8, 1865; Martin M. 
L'Velle, Sept. 25, 1865; Wm. H. Dewees, March 
S, 1866; Adolph W. Schalck, March 5, 1866; 
Solomon Foster, March 16, 1866; Bernard Reilly, 
Jr., March 16, 1866; Mason Weidman, March 
30, 1866; Fergus G. Farquhar, April 9, 1866; 
Oliver P. Bechtel, May 10, 1866; John A.M. 
Passmore, Sept. 24, 1866; John W. Bickel, Dec. 
12, 1866; Joel B. McCamant, Dec. 12, 1866; 
James H. Grier, Sept. 2, 1867; John H. James, 
Dec. 18, 1867; Shadrach J. Raughley, Jan. 27, 
1868; William D. Seltzer, March 16, 1868; 
George H. Troutman, April 13, 1868; John A. 
Nash, April 13, 1868 ; Horace M. Darling, May 
13,1868; Francis W. Bechtel, May 13,1868; 
Elias G. Hughes, May 13, 1868; Francis C. 
Campbell, May 18,1868; George R. Kaercher, 
Nov. 16, 1868; James B Reilly, Jan. 11, 1869; 
Joseph W. Cake, Nov. 5, 1869; Z. T. Gait, Dec. 
21, 1869 ; Henry C. Sheafer, May 14, 1869 ; Geo 
C. Chambers, Sept. 8, 1869; Albert Knittle, Oct. 8, 
1869; L. D. Haughawout, Dec. 13, 1869; Chas. F. 
Smith, Jan. 10, 1870; Harry C. Dornan, March 
7, 1870; Charles N. Brumm, March 7, 1870 ; Geo. 
S. Coleman, March 21, 1870; Charles C. Wells, 
April II, 1870; B. B. Laucks, April 25, 1870; 
Theo. W. Gunster, June 11, 1870; G. B. Nich- 
olson, Nov. 8, 1870; George D. Budd, Nov. 29, 
1870; Frank P. Ryan, Dec. 12, 1870; Lyman 
Hakes, Dec. 26, 1870; J. S. Leisenring, Feb. 13, 
1871 ; A. S. Hottenstein, May 10,1871; S. P. 

Auchmuty, June 7, 1871 ; L. Merriman, June 20, 
1871; Chas. K. Taylor, Nov. 6, 1871; Richard 
P. White, Dec. 4, 1871 ; Edward Burr, Dec. 4, 
1871; Benj. F. McAttee, April 24, 1872; Henry 
Souther, May 13, 1872 ; D. C. Henning, April 8, 
1872; John V. Reynolds, Aug. 12, 1872; I. Y. 
Sollenberger, Oct. 21, 1872; Thomas R. Beddall, 
Jan. 20, 1873; S. A. Garrett, March 17, 1873; 
Walter S. Heilner, March 19, 1873; Thos. M. 
France, June 2, 1873 > Jos. L. Walsh, June 2, 1873 ; 
Nicholas Heblich, June 2, 1873; Anthony Camp- 
bell, Dec. 22, 1873; James F. Minogue, Sept. 7, 
1874; John J. Cldrk, Sept. 7, 1874; John F. 
Whalen, Sept. 7, 1874; W. John Whitehouse, July 
6, 1874; T. H. B.Lyon, July 20, 1874; W. A. 
Redding, Aug. 16, 1874; H C. Sheafer, Oct. 5, 
1874 ; James M. Healy, Dec. 7, 1874; Francis A. 
Mortimer, Dec. 3, 1874; Albert G. Green, June 
22, 1875 ; S. G. M. Hollopeter, March [3, 1875; 
Frank S. Christian, March 30, 1875 > Sam. H. 
Kaercher, Aug. 23, 1875 > ^- J- Pilgram, Aug. 23, 
1875 ' James R. Henderson, Aug. 23, 1875 J 
Josiah Lineaweaver, Dec. 6, 1875; Horace Walter, 
Dec. 4, 1876; E. M. Monaghan, Dec. 4, 1876; 
Jacob Kline, Dec. 4, 1876; Martin Byrne, Dec. 

4, 1876 ; Joseph W. Moyer, Dec. 4, 1876 ; Joseph 
H. Pomeroy, Dec. 26, 1876; Robert L. Johnson, 
March 29, 1877; J. I. Litchenberg, June 4, 1877 > 
Edmund D. Smith, Dec. 3, 1877; Jno. A. Sulli- 
van, March 4, 1878; Frank H. Garrett, June 3, 
1878 ; Lewis B. Walker, June 17, 1878 ; Burd S. 
Patterson, June 24, 1878; L. R. Myers, Dec. 4, 
1878; Samuel B. Fisher, Dec. 4, 1878; Bernard 
H. O'Hare, Dec. 6, 1878; M. P. McLoughlin, 
Dec. 9, 1878; James F. Grady, Feb. 10, 1879; 
Patrick M. Dunn, March 3, 1879 '> Isaac M. Price, 
Sept. 3, 1879 ; Charles C. Matten, April 28, 1880 ; 
George M. Roads, June 30, 1880; W. K. Wood- 
bury, July 26, 1880; George J. Wadlinger, March 
2, 1881 ; Alfred C. Oliver, March 2, 1881 ; 
Richard H. KoCh, May 2, 1881 ; Wm. Wilhelm, 
May 2, 1881 ; Philip Keller, July 5, 1881 ; Burd 

5. Edwards. July 5, 1881 ; G. H. Gerber, Sept. 5, 
i88i ; W. Potts Ramsey, Nov. 14, i88i ; John E. 



Schull, Nov. 14, 1881 ; Michael Powers, Nov. 14, 
1 881 ; David C. Herrington, Jan. 23, 1882 ; John 
J. Davis, March 5, 1883 ; John F. Dolphin, March 
5, 1883; Brua C, Keefer, Sept. 3, 1883; John 
R. Coyle, Sept. 24, 1883; James W. Ryan, Sept. 
I, 1884; Edward A. Beddall, March 2, 1885; 
Charles i:. Breckons, March 2, 1885 ; A. J. Galla- 
gher, May 4, 1885; A. L. Shay, Sept. 7, 1885; 
Win. G. Wells, Jan. 4, 1886; Arthur G. Smijey, 
Jan. 4, 1886; Charles Heilner, March 15, 18S6; 
J. O. Ulrich, June 21, 1886; Wm. L. Littlehales, 
Sept. 6, 1886; Norman V. S. Farquhar, July 10, 
1887; George W. Ryon, March 14, 1887; James 
A. Rinck, June 13, 1887; Jos. S. Whitehouse, 
July 5, 1887; Reese P. Daniels, July 11, 1887; 
Charles A. Snyder, Jan. 7, 1889; R. S. Boshore, 
Jan. 7, 1889; M. H. Wilhelm, Jan. 7, 1889; S 
Monre Enterline, July i, 1889; "• ^^- Kaercher, 
July I, 1889; Benj. W. Cummings, July 7, 1890; 
M. C. Reinhold, July 7, 1890; Frank 1". Krebs, 
March 17, 1890; Horace Bartholomew, Sept. 7, 
1891 ; Christian P. Kramer, Sept. 7, 1891 ; C'. f) 
Burkert, Se[)t. 7, 1891. 

The foUowinj,' is a list of attorneys, the dates of 
whose admission were not set opposite their names. 
Some of them were connected with the bar at the 
time of its organization : 

George Wolff, Fred'k Smith, Charles I'.vaiis. 
Jonathan Good, Fred'k Haller, William Ball, 
David McGowen, John Spayd, .Marks I. Biddle, 
John W. Collins, laims B. HubUy, James I. 

Dunn, Ciirti.s, Simon Cohen, John K 

Clement, Charles Witman, John Davis, CharKs 
D. Donnell, J. W. Roseberry, .Sr., James H. Craeff, 
David F. Gordon, P. H. Lyman. 

Sihuylkill Navigation. — The Schuylkill Nav- 
igation Company was incorporated by Act of 
As.sembly, March 8, 181 5, and had for its ob- 
ject a system of canals and slackwater naviga- 
tion, whereby the water of the Schuylkill 
river could be utilized for all purposes of 
transportation from its head waters to Phila- 
delphia. James McFarland, John Pott, Daniel 

GraefT, George Dreibelbis and John Mullow- 
ney were the commissioners from this county, 
and were to raise at Orwigsburg one thousand 
shares of stock at fifty dollars each. Work 
was commenced, and the first dam built at 
Mt. Carbon in the spring of 1 8 17, and by fall 
the canal and slackwater were made navigable 
to Schuylkill Haven. In the spring of 1818 
a freshet carried away the dams and inlet locks 
of the previous year, and they were rebuilt by 
an engineer named Cooley on a plan of his 
own, and withstood the flood of 1850. During 
1 818 work was commenced along the entire 
line throughout the county, but was not com- 
pleted until 1821, and three years later boats 
were enabled to run to Philadelphia. This 
navigation was established to transport every- 
thing else but coal, and yet strange to sa)', 
when completed, it transported coal almost to 
the exclusion of everything else. 

Pioneer Coal Staii^c. — The birth of the great 
anthracite coal industry will bear date from 
1K20, when three hundred and sixty-five tons 
of anthracite were sent to Philadelphia from 
the head waters of the Lehigh river. From 
that time forward capital has advanced its mil- 
lions to carr)- on the coal trade, whose pro- 
portions increase with cich succeeding year. 

From 1795, when anthracite was first burned 
in a smith-shop until 1820, when it was used 
for fuel in Philadelphia, was a quarter of a 
century, during which period it grew slowly 
into public favor. In 1808 Judge Jesse Fell 
first burned it in a grate. Four years later 
Col. George Shoemaker, of Pottsvilie, took 
nine wagon loads of anthracite to Philadel- 
phia, where he sold two loads for the cost of 
their transportation, and gave the other seven 
away. He was branded as an impostor, who 
was trying to sell black stones for coal. He 
induced Mellon & Bishop to try his black 



rocks in their Delaware county rolling mill, 
and the test gave anthracite coal to the world 
as the best possible fuel to be found. Colonel 
Shoemaker accompanied his coal to the rolling 
mill, where the foreman pronounced the coal 
to be stones, and of no account for heating 
purposes. Early the next morning Shoema- 
ker and Mellon, who was a practical workman, 
kindled a fire with wood in one of the furnaces 
and placed the coal on the burning wood. 
They were then called to breakfast, and on 
returning they found the furnace in a perfect 
glow of white heat. The iron was heated in 
much less than the usual time, and passed 
through the rolls with unusual facility. The 
test brought an apology from the foreman, 
and caused Mellon & Bishop to notice its value 
and usefulness in the Philadelphia newspapers. 

The first coal shipments by the canal were 
made in 1822, when 1,480 tons were poled 
down the line. Three years later came a 
wonderful rush of operators and speculators 
into the county — men who sought to win mil- 
lions in a short time by speculation in the 
" black diamonds " that were in constant de- 
mand in the great manufacturing cities of the 
Atlantic seaboard. Land rose to fabulous 
prices, and two years later, when a revulsion 
came, many lost their investments instead of 
, having secured a fortune. 

The early methods of mining were primi- 
tive and crude. The windlass and bucket 
were used to hoist the coal from the pit until, 
at thirty or forty feet, the water drove them 
out to commence a new pit. The gin worked 
by horsepower succeeded the windlass, and in 
a short time the pit was abandoned to open 
the veins at the foot of the hills by drifts. 
There the coal was first taken out by wheel- 
barrows, and successively by horse and mule 
power over wooden railways. 

The next great trouble encountered was la- 
borious and expensive transportation from the 
mouth of the pit or drift to the canal. The 
pick, the hammer, the shovel and the riddle 
were used on the surface to fit the coal for 
transportation, and then it was loaded into 
wagons and hauled to the canal, often at a 
cost of twenty-five cents per ton for each mile. 
In f 829, 79,973 tons were nearly all hauled in 
wagons, and then the operators commenced 
to suggest railroads from the mines to the 
canal, while in the same year another event 
occurred that was important in the history of 
the county — the building of the Union canal 
to connect the waters of the Susquehanna and 
the Schuylkill. 

Union Canal. — In 1828 it was proposed to 
make a dam across Swatara gap as a reservoir 
for this canal, that was to connect the Susque- 
hanna with the Schuylkill ; but the citizens 
along Swatara creek objected, as it would de- 
stroy their rafting, and after various projects 
had been discussed it was resolved to con- 
struct a canal along that creek, with the ex- 
ception of two miles of slackwater near the 
county line, in what was then the little dam. 
Work was commenced in 1828, and during 
1829 was prosecuted along the entire line. 
The canal was so far completed on November 
30, 1830, that boats passed through it to Pine 
Grove, and on December 3d left that place 
for Philadelphia. As first constructed, the 
canal was capable of bearing boats whose ca- 
pacity was twenty-eight tons, but when the 
coal trade increased this great water-way was 
increased in size. 

Growth of Coal Production. — In 1829 the 
following five railroads from the shipping 
ports to ,the mines were put under construc- 
tion : 

The Schuylkill Valley railroad, running ten 


miles from Port Carbon to Tuscarora, and 
having fifteen branches. 

The Mill Creek railroad, running four miles 
from Port Carbon up the valley of Mill 

The Mine Hill and Schuylkill Haven rail- 
road, running fifteen miles from Schuylkill 
Haven to Broad mountain, and having five 
miles of branches. 

The Mt. Carbon railroad, running seven 
miles from Mt. Carbon up the east and west 
branches of Norwegian creek. 

The Little Schuylkill railroad, running 
twenty miles from Port Clinton to Tama- 

The superstructure of all these roads was a 
wooden rail, strapped with flat bar iron, and 
the motive power was horses. 

During 1830 the coal market became over- 
stocked, and the price declined. The next 
year was no better, but 1832 brought an in- 
creased trade and abundant prosperity, al- 
though the boatmen charged extortionate 
prices at times for boats. In the last-named 
year a coal mining association was formed for 
the county, and it reported the total capital 
invested in the trade at $7,106,000. In 1833 
an outcry was made against incorporated coal 
companies, and a successful trade in 1834 was 
followed in the next year by the boatmen's 
strike, which terminated in a descent of three 
hundred and fifty of them on Pottsville, where 
they were routed and their leaders captured. 
The year 1836 witnessed high wages, scarcity 
of boats and a good price for coal. 

In 1837 Col. John M. Crossland took the 
first boat load of coal direct from Pottsville to 
New \'ork, and established the direct coal 
trade with that city. The succeeding year 
ushered into existence the first incorporated 
mining company, against the protest of the 

people and the veto of the Governor, which 
was defeated by the House passing the bill 
over his head by the requisite majority. This 
comjjany was incorporated as the Offerman 
Mining Company; but its charter never became 

About this time the discovery was made 
that iron ore could be smelted by anthracite, 
and the iron trade received a new impetus, 
which was dampened in 1839 by a flood and 
a depression that continued throughout 1840. 
In 1841 times were better, but in 1842 a strike 
among the miners occurred on Thursday, 
July 7, which was crushed bloodlessly by the 
sheriff" with the Orwigsburg and Schuylkill 
Haven volunteer companies. 

Tile year 1842 witnessed a great change in 
the transportation of coal to market when the 
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company 
entered the field as a rival to the Schuylkill 
iNavigation Company. The opening of the 

I Philadelphia and Reading Railroad was cele- 
brated by a public dinner and ball at Potts- 
ville, on January 1 1 , and the railroad company 
immediately reduced the cost of transportation 
toJ»l.i I, but the producers instead of benefiting 

I by this reduction in freight charges foolishly 
reduced their coal from twenty-five to fifty 
cents per ton on board boats at the landings. 
The trade became sluggish, wages had fallen 
to 35.25 per week to miners and ;S4.20 to 
laborers, and the coal producers ordering all 
wages payable in " store orders " precipitated 
the strike of that year among the miners who 
demanded cash for their work. The .Mine 
Hill and Schuylkill Haven Railroad was the 
first road in the county put in condition for 
the passage of the steam cars of the Philadel- 
phia and Reading Railroad company, and <m 
May 21, 1S42, a train u( fifty cars carrying one 
hundred and fift\ tons of coal, left Schuylkill 



Haven at 4 o'clock in the morning and their 
contents was discharged into a vessel that set 
sail from Port Richmond for an eastern port 
in the evening of the same day. Thus the 
railroad superseded the canal and made possible 
the full future development of the coal region 
and the rapid movement of vast quantities of 
coal which the canal would have been unable 
to have accomplished. 

In 1 842 efforts were commenced to improve 
the methods of breaking coal, which resulted 
two years later in the huge coal breakers of the 
present day. From breaking by hand through 
iron rod screens with two-inch meshes, John 
White introduced wire screens with meshes of 
various dimensions to save the consumers all 
trouble of breaking. 

In 1 842 the penitentiary breaker was intro- 
duced. It consisted of a perforated cast iron 
plate through which the coal was broken by 
hammers, the coal falling into a hopper from 
which it passed into a circular screen worked 
either by hand, horse-power or by steam. In 
1844 the modern coal breaker, patented by 
Joseph Batten, of Philadelphia, was introduced 
at Gideon Bast's Wolf Creek colliery, and 
soon came into use throughout the whole 

The breaker consists of two or more cast 
iron rollers with projecting teeth that revolve 
toward each other and through which the coal 
passes and is broken into the required sizes. 
After being broken it passes into revolving 
circular screens which separate the different 
sizes which drop into a set of schutes or bins, 
ready to be transferred by the raising of a gate 
into the railway cars. The dump schutes 
above the rollers always have elevation suffi- 
cient to carry the coal by gravity through the 
rollers, screens and bins into the cars. The 
entire breaker and screening machinery is 

generally driven by a steam engine of fifteen 
to forty horse-power. 

The next move for the improvement of the 
coal trade was the reconstruction of the trans- 
porting railroads from the mines to the Phila- 
delphia and Reading Railroad. These roads 
— now called lateral roads — were all recon- 
structed by 1845, and were operated, with a 
few exceptions, by the Philadelphia and Read- 
ing Railroad Company. The operators were 
now saved the expense of keeping up their 
own transportation cars, but were dependent 
on the railroad company for transportation 
facilities and liable to losses by a shortage of 
cars and their unfair distribution. On March 
10, 1846, the president of the railroad com- 
pany met the operators, many landholders 
and the wharfholders of Port Richmond, at 
convention at Pottsville, to arrange for an 
equitable distribution of cars for the ensuing 
season and to prevent in the future the com- 
plaints of injustice in that direction in the 

During the four years succeeding 1842 the 
Schuylkill Navigation Company learned that 
it was in danger of losing the bulk of its coal 
tonnage and took steps to improve its faciUr 
ties and enlarge its capacities of navigation. 

These changes were made by the close of 
1 846. Boats of from one hundred and eighty 
to one hundred and ninety tons could be 
floated on the canal ; new docks, new wharves 
and landings were provided at the shipping 
ports, and cars were furnished in which to 
transport the coal from the mines to the canal. 

There were one hundred and ten operators 
and one hundred and forty-two collieries in the 
county, and the active competition of the 
canal and the railroad company promised in- 
creased prosperity to mine owners. and opera- 


Mexican War. — During 1846, when the 
coal interests of the county were brightening 
up most remarkably, war was declared against 
Mexico by the United States, and Schuylkill 
county furnished one company, the Washing- 
ton Artillery of Pottsville, that served in the 
Mexican war. This company was organized 
by Capt. James Nagle, in 1840, as the Potts- 
ville Blues and two years later changed its 
name to Washington Artillery, when it was 
supplied by the State with arms. The original 
members were boys all under twenty years of 
age whose first uniform was made of blue 

The Washington Artillery offered its ser- 
vices to the Governor and was accepted. The 
company only numbered thirty men, but was 
soon recruited up to the full strength by en- 
listments at Minersville, St. Clair and Schuyl- 
kill Haven. The citizens of Pottsville pre- 
sented every member with a revolver and 
each officer with a sword. 

On December 5, 1846, the company left the 
old town hall at Pottsville, and went to Phila- 
delphia by rail, from which they were sent to 
Harrisburg, where they were transferred to 
canal freight boats and transported through 
inclement weather to Pittsburg. At that city 
they were mustered into the United States to 
serve during the war, and became company B, 
1st regiment, Pennsylvania volunteers. They 
went by steamboat to New Orleans, camped 
on the old battle ground, joined in a grand 
parade in that city on the 8th of January, and 
on February 16, 1847, embarked on a trans- 
port that carried them to the island of Lolos, 
where they were the first company that dis- 
embarked at the spot selected by General 
Scott for commencing operations againt \'era 
They took part in the siege of Vera Cruz, 

where they received their first infantry fire 
from the Mexicans, while marching through 
the chaparal, and were in the battle of Cerro 
Gordo. They were also in action with guer- 
rillas near Castle Perote and in the vicinity 
of Matamoras. 

In June, 1847, Lieutenant Kaercher and 
sergeants Farnham and Shodman came back 
on recruiting service to Pottsville, where they 
recruited several men. They rejoined the 
company three months later, and after serving 
with it at the City of Mexico and Wra Cruz, 
the company returned to Philadelphia by the 
same route that it went to Mexico, was there 
mustered out of the service and was received 
at Pottsville with all the honors that grateful 
and admiring friend-; could bestow on them. 

F. M. Wyncoop, who left Pottsville as a 
private, became colonel of the regiment at 
Pittsburg, and commanded the brigade at .St. 
Angel, being highly complimented by Scott 
for capturing General Valencia. 


Officers — Captain, James Nagle ; lieutenants, 
Simon S. Nagle, F. B. Kaercher, Jacob Fels- 
nagle; sergeants, Edward Kehr, W. S. Na^lc, 
Edward Kaercher, L. S. McMiken; corporals, 
Enos Zentmoyer, J. E. F"arnum, David Lewel- 
lyn, Edward Napon ; drummer, Daniel Nagle, 
Jr.; fifer, Reuben Stamm. 

Privates — A. H. Berger, Bernard Barr, 
Charles Brumm. Levi- Bright, Nelson Berger, 
James Cochran, John Doyle, Peter Doughty, 
Levi Epier, Henry Fisher, G. W. Garrett, 
Henry Graeff, J. C. Gilman, T. \V Guthrie, 
E. P. Hiney, John Hays, John Hand, W. 
H Hatchley, David Jones. John Jennings, 
Elias Kelly, John Ki])le) , Singleton Kim- 
mell, William Knockenhouse, Michael Lusht, 
William L>on^, .\. B. .Macey, Alexander 



McDonald, F. C. McGreen, Ferdinand Mam- 
erenk, John Mooney, John Myers, Samuel 
Maglauchlen, V. K. Mills, William Marple, 
Benjamin Nagle, J. M. Nolan, Seth Price, 
Edward Robbins, Henry Richards, James 
Ruckle, A. N. Stamm, Benjamin Smith, Ben- 
jamin Shell, Charles Scrimshaw, Daniel 
Shappel, Eli Shelley, Franklin Seitzinger, G. 
K. Seitzinger, Henry Smink, John Stegner. 
John Shuster, J. W. Shoop, James Sands, 
Michael Sands, R. H. Savage, Samuel Shad- 
man, Emanuel Shelley, Thomas Simpson, 
William Seitzinger, O. D. Thomas, F. M- 
Wyncpop, Gotlieb Wisshue, R. F. Walter, 
Robert Welsh, William Wolfinger, William 
Wethicomb, John Douty. 

Levi Bright and John Douty were killed. 
Growth of Coal Trade. — During 1847, the 
Philadelphia & Reading Company sought to 
avoid a rivalry with the Navigation Company? 
offered to extend its business and give 400,- 
000 tons of the coal tonnage to the Naviga- 
tion company, which offer was refused. The 
coal marketed during the year was 1,583,374 
tons, of which only 222,693 tons were sent by 
the Schuylkill canal. This loss of trade by 
the Navigation Company led to an accommo- 
dation in 1849 with the railroad company 
whereby 600,000 tons were conceded to be 
transported over the canal, although the 
actual amount carried was 489,208 tons- 
From Pottsville to Philadelphia by rail the 
freight was one dollar and seventy cents per 
ton, while by canal it was only seventy-five 
cets. Yet the latter price was twenty-cents 
higher than had been charged on the canal 
the previous year. The operators grumbled 
at this advance, and at a remonstrance meet- 
ing at Pottsville, they agreed on a system of 
suspensions against eastern speculators. On 
' March 10, 1849, the shipment of coal to mar- 

ket was suspended except to iron works, and 
this suspension was to hold until April 7th. 

This suspension was continued to May 2d, 
and then when the operators were ready to 
resume they were confronted by an organized 
strike upon the part of miners and laborers 
for an advance in wages. The strike ended 
by May 21st, and to pf event an overstock of 
the market, another suspension of two weeks 
was ordered to commence on June 23d ; but 
with this measure enforced the market con- 
tinued dull throughout the year. 

Floods of 1850.— On the 18th and 19th of 
July, 1850, a great flood swept down the 
Schuylkill valley and so suspended navigation 
that the coal supply was restricted and the 
operators were benefited for a time ; yet their 
greatest prosperity came directly after the 
second flood that swept down and over the 
Schuylkill valley on September 2d. This last 
flood was the most fearful that had ever vis- 
ited the county since its settlement by the 
whites, and in its pathway.of ruin lay the wreck 
of a vast amount of property. It burst Tum- 
bling run reservoir, forty-two feet in height 
and covering an area of twenty-eight acres, 
with a capacity of 23,000,000 cubic feet of 
water, and sent its immense volume into the 
raging torrents gathered from a hundred 
tributary streams. 

By this second flood the canal was rendered 
useless for the remainder of the year, coal 
went up in price, and the railroad company 
could hardly furnish transportation for the 
demand of coal. 

County-seat Removal. — The development of 
the coal interests of the northern part of the 
county, and the rapid growth of Pottsville, 
indicated at an early day that the removal of 
the county-seat from Orwigsburg to the former 
named place was but a question of time, con- 



ditioned only by the growth of population in [ 
the coal districts. | 

The project of removal to Pottsville was 
agitated as early as 1831. On November 19 
of that year a meeting at the Exchange hotel 
in Pottsville was held, and it was " resolved 
that it is expedient to effect the removal of 
the seat of justice to Pottsville." It was 
claimed that a majority of the people would 
be accommodated by its removal to Pottsville, 
and a second resolution was passed appointing 
Benjamin Pott, Burd Patterson, Thomas Sil- 
lyman, Jacob Seitzinger, and John C. Offer- 
man as a committee to solicit subscriptions to 
defray the expense of erecting public build- 
ings. At another meeting, on December 3, 
this committee reported that funds sufficient 
had been subscribed. 

In the meantime, Orwigsburg had not been 
idle during this movement on the part of 
Pottsville, and on January 21, 1832, a meeting 
was held at the court-house, which passed 
resolutions denouncing the project of removal 
by the " idlers " and " lot holders ' of Potts- 
ville. In a short time the movement subsided 
and was not revived until 1842, when railroad 
communication was established between Potts- 
ville and Philadelphia, but did not take any 
definite form. 

In 1847, population had so increased that 
the removalists anticipated success at the 
polls, and petitioned the legislature for re- 
moval. The legislature passed an act, which 
was approved March 13, 1847, for the condi- 
tional removal of the county-seat of Schuyl- 
kill county from Orwigsburg to Pottsville 
and provided for a vote of the qualified voters j 
of the county upon the subject. This act also 
provided that removal should only take place if 
the citizens of Pottsville should erect suitable 
brick or stone buildings for a court-house and ' 

public offices, and that William F. Sanders, 
Augustus Holmes, Joseph F. Taylor, James 
B. Levan, and Joseph Fertig, should be com- 
missioners to select a suitable lot or lots in 
Pottsville, on which to erect the said court- 
house and public offices. 

Intense excitement prevailed throughout 
the county, and when the election came off, in 
1847, there were 3551 votes for removal and 
3091 against it. The legislature then passed 
a second bill for the removal of the county- 
seat from Orwigsburg to Pottsville, as the first 
one was claimed to be unconstitutional, and 
the citizens of Pottsville erected the court- 
house and public office buildings. On De- 
cember I, 1851, the public records were 
placed in the new court-house, and Pottsville 
became the county-seat of Schuylkill county, 
which it has continued to be ever since. 

The Civii War. — When the national flag 
went down on Fort Sumter, the people of 
Schuylkill county, irrespective of party, de- 
manded the suppression of the threatened re 
bellion. On Monday, April 15, 1801, Presi- 
dent Lincoln's call for troops was announced, 
the ne.vt day the requisition for these troops 
was received, and on Wednesday, so prompti)' 
was it answered by Schuylkill, two companies, 
the Washington Artilleri-ts :ind the National 
Light Infantry, two hundred and fifty strong 
in numbers, left for Harrisburg and Washing- 
ton city. Companies were rapidly raised in 
all parts of the county, and by the 24th of 
April twenty-two companies, aggregating 
eighteen hundred and sixt)- men, had left for 
Washington, which sixteen hundred of them 
had reached on the evening of the seventh day 
after President Lincoln's proclamation. 

"On the evening of the 16th, a meeting 
convened at the court-house in Pottsville, at 
which patriotic resolutions were adopted, and 



five trustees — Andrew Russel, Thomas H. 
Walker, S. N. Palmer, Levi Huber, and Ben- 
jamin Haywood — were appointed to take 
charge of subscriptions and funds for the aid 
of the families of volunteers. During the 
meeting subscriptions to the amount of ;$5200 
were received, and within four days this 
amount was increased to ^6915, from seventy- 
seven contributors. Similar meetings were 
held in other parts of the county, and within 
a week a total of ^24,286 was subscribed." 

To this fund Burd Patterson & Son sub- 
scribed ;^iooo; William H. Johns, ;^2SO; 
Christopher Loeser, James S. Kirk and Gideon 
Bast, each $200, and each of the following, 

T. H. Walker, J. M. Wetherell, F. W. 
Hughes, B. F. Pomroy, L. F. Whitney, James 
W. Bowen, Benjamin Bannan, John Bannan, 
John Shipper, E. O. -Parry, J. Sillyman, G. H. 
Gay & C. W. Hegins, J. H. Campbell, Charles 
Baber, J. S. Carpenter, A. Russel, G. W. Sny- 
der, B. W. Gumming, William Milnes, Jr., 
Solomon Foster, Frank Pott, Fox & Brother, 
John Clayton, Myer Strouse and mother, 
William Wolff, John T. Hobart, A. H. Hal- 
berstadt, Benjamin Haywood, Palo Alto Roll 
ing Mill, Michael Bright, John T. Werner 
Thomas Foster & Co., I. F. Vorhees 
Samuel Morris, Jr., John S. Morris, R. R, 
Morris, W. Donaldson, David Beveridge 
Jacob Christian, Jacob, Jr., H 
Rosengarten, J. D. Cake, George Patterson 
Ruch & Evans, Charles F. Kopitzsch, George 
De B. Kerm, Jacob A. Hazen, William B. 
Wells, Nichols & Beck, Pliny Fisk, Gideon 
Bast, A. S. Moorhead, Benjamin Pott, Robert 
F. Weaver, L. Vasline and J. Pott, William 
Mortimer, Jr., B. F. Taylor, James Focht, 
Thomas Johns, D. G. Yuengling, J. W. Rose- 
berry, Thomas Cooch, R. M. Palmer, William 

E. Boyer, Thomas Petherick, Samuel Harri- 
son, L. H. Allen, M. P. Fowler, Nicholas 
Seitzinger, A. Landaner, G. H. McCabe, H. 

F. Stidfole, William Price, J." C. Deibert, 
Henry ^Saylor, Drs. S. and F. Shannon, W. 
H. Hopkins, A. T. Troutman, G. D. Matchin, 
John Kitzmiller, Lyman Nutting, Levi Miller, 
R. H. Stees, J. L. Nutting, John Hoch, J. E. 
Graeff, E. L. Tyler, William Graeff, Peter 
Filbert, Sr., and Isaac Harvey. 

A large number of others contributed 
smaller sums, according to their financial con- 

Committees were appointed in every town- 
ship to report the families of volunteers need- 
ing aid, and the patriotic women of the county 
organized a " Nurse's Corps," whose services 
were tendered the country, through the Sec- 
retary of War. Ladies' Aid societies were 
organized auxiliary to a central society at 
Pottsville, and large contributions were sent 
to hospitals and battlefields. 

" On the evening of April 17th five Penn- 
sylvania companies, including two from Schuyl- 
kill county, mentioned above, had reported at 
Harrisburg. As they passed through Balti- 
more the next day they were insulted and as- 
saulted by the mob which the day after at- 
tacked the 6th Massachusetts. They reached 
Washington at 7 P. M. of the i8th, being the 
first to reach the city in response to the call 
of the 15th, for which promptness they were 
subsequently voted the thanks of the House 
of Representatives. They were quartered in 
the Capitol, on the Potomac front of which 
they immediately commenced the construc- 
tion of temporary defenses. During the 
period of their enlistment they were engaged 
in various duties in and about Washington. 
They became a part of the 25th regiment, of 
which Lieutenant H. L. Cake, of the National 



Light Infantry, was made colonel, and Captain 
John B. Selheimer, of the Logan Guards, lieu- 
tenant-colonel. An evidence of the good 
quality of the soldiers composing these com- 
panies is found in the fact that more than half 
of them afterward became commissioned offi- 
cers, of every rank from lieutenant to briga- 

The muster rolls of the companies when 
they reached Harrisburg were as follows : 
Washington Artihery. 

Officers. — Captain, James Wrenn. First 
lieutenant, David A. Smith ; second, Francis 

B. Wallace ; second, Philip Nagle. Ser- 
geants, Henry C. Russell, Joseph A. Gil- 
mour, Cyrus Sheetz, W. J. McQuade. Quar- 
termaster's sergeant, G. H. Gressang. Cor- 
porals, D. J. Ridgway, Samuel R. Russell, 
Charles llinkle, Reuben Snyder. 

Privates. — George H. Hill, Francis P. De- 
wees, Wm. R. Potts, Thomas Johnson, Nelson 
T. Major', \. \i. Severn, Thomas Jones, Thomas 
Severn, fifer; George Myers, J. C. Weaver, 
John Engle, Chas. P. Potts, Chas. Loeser, Jr., 
H. K. Downing, Wm. H. llardell, J. B. Brant, 
Chas. Slingluff, Theodore F. Patterson, Chas. 
Evans, Chas. Hause, Francis Hause, D. B. 
Brown, John Christian, A. G. Whitfield, W. 
Bates, Oliver C. Bosbyshell, R. F. Potter, A. 
H.Titys, Jos. Reed, Joel 11. Betz, John Curry, 
Robert Smith, Aug. Reese, Hugh Stephenson, 
H. H. Hill, Eli Williams, Benjamin Christian, 
Thomas Petherick, Jr., Louis T. Snyder, K. J. 
Shippen, R. M. Hodgson, Wm. W. Clemens, 

C. C. Pollock, Wm. Auman. Wm. E. Riley, 
Edward T. Leib, Daniel Morer, \V. Brown, 
Edward Nagle, Godfrey Leonard, Iharles I" 
Garrett, G. \V. Bratton, John Nagl.-, \\ n. 
Heflfncr, \'ict. Werner, \'al. Sticlitii. Ki.ui. i 
B. Bannan, Wm. Bartholomew, Geo.'' '■ 
Charles A. Glen, Wm. Spence, Patrick 

ley, Wm. J. Feger, Wm. Lesher, D. C. Potts, 
Alba C. Thompson, Daniel Christian, Reuben 
Snyder, Samuel Beard, Thomas Irwin, Henry 
Deutzer, Philip Deutzer, H. Bobbs, John Pass, 
Heber S. Thompson, B. F. Jones, John J. 
Hetherington, Peter Fisher, Wm. Dagan, A. 

F. Bowen, drummer; J. R. Hetherington, 
Nelson Drake, Benjamin Heffner, Francis A. 
Seltzer, Charles A. Hesser, Samuel Shoener, 
Charles Maurer, James S. Sillyman, Henry 
Brobst, Peter Grow, Alfred Huntzinger, W. 
Alspach, John Hofla, J. F Barth, Wm. Cole. 
David Williams, George Rice, Joseph Kear, 
Charles E. Beck. V . B. Hammer, P. H. Frailey, 
Thomas Corby, Charles Vanhorn, John Noble, 
Joseph Fyant, .Alex, .S, Bowen, John Jones, 
Frank Stitzer, Wm. ,\. M.iizc, Wm. Agan, 
George H. Hartman, Richard Bartolctt, Lewis 
Douglas, Richard Rice, Fred. Christ. Frank P. 
Myer, Bernard Riley. 

National LIGHT Inpantrv. 

Officers. — Captain, E. McDonald. First 
lieutenant, James Russell; second, llcnrv L. 
Cake; third, Lewis J. Martin. (JuartLinias- 
ter's sergeant, D. Downey. 

Privates. — J. Addison McCool. I^niar S. 
Hay, George G. Hoycr, John Simpson, Thomas 

G. Houck, Edward Thomas, l>;iias B. Trifoos, 
John Stodd, Lawrence Manasan, H. 1'" Bart- 
lett, William Madara, Emanuel Sayior, Wm. 
T. Garrett, John P. Womelsiiorf, Charles Rus- 
sell, J. J. Dampman, Saubrey, C F. 
Hoffman, Jacob Bast, Daniel liberie, William 
H. Hodgson, Ernst T. Ellrich, Amos Forse- 
man. C. F. Umberhauer, Abraham Mclnt>'re, 
William R. Roberts, Jonas W. Rich, Charles 
Weber. Terence .Smith, F. .V. Schcener, Will 
lam Put;!), Frank Hanley, James Smith, Geo. 
\V. Ml ^ii .James Marshall, Ira Troy, Uriah 
Goi»<l, VNilli.m Irving, Patrick Curtin, John 
Bum- l-.hv.i'.l McCabe, F. W. Conrad, John 



Donigan,John Mullins, John Lamons, William 
McDonald, George W. Garber, F. W. Simp- 
son, Alexander Smith, David Dilly, George 
Shartle, A. D. Allen, W. F. Huntzinger, 
George A. Lerch, James Carroll, John Bene- 
dict, Edmund Foley, Thomas Kelly, John 
Eppinger, John Rouch, David Howard, Jere- 
miah Deitrich, William Weller, William A. 
Christian, Mark Walker, Ralph Corby, Henry 
Mehr, F. Goodyear, William Carl, Anthony 
Lippman, John P. Deiner, William A. Beidle- 
man, Charles J. Shoemaker, James Donigan, 
Edward Moran, Herman Hauser, Louis Weber, 
Thomas H. Parker, John Howell, Henry 
Yeger, William Davenport, James Lander- 
field, James R. Smith, Michael Foren, Alex- 
ander Smith, W. M. Lashorn, Levi Gloss, 
Samuel Heilner, Enoch Lambert, Frank Wen- 
rich, Joseph Johnson, Henry C. Nies, Jacob 
Shoey, John Hartman, William Buckley, 
Henry Quinn, Thomas G. Buckley, William 
Becker, J. P. McGinness, Charles J. Redcay 
Jr., William Britton, Thomas Smith, J. M 
Hughes, Thomas Martin, Henry Garing, Dallas 
Dampman, John Bodafield, M. Edgar Richards 
Thomas Butt, John Cooper. 

"In 1862 an invasion of Pennsylvania by 
the rebels was threatened, and Governor Cur- 
tin, on the loth of September in that year, 
issued an order calling on the militia to or- 
ganize, arm and be in readiness for a sudden 
call. Says Wallace : 

'"The order had the desired effect through- 
out the State, and nowhere was there a deeper 
feeling of earnestness and determination than 
in Schuylkill county. The people closed their 
places of business and went to drilling. Com- 
panies were organized throughout the county 
and ready to move at a moment's notice. The 
order came on the 13th of September, and be- 
tween that date and the 17th eighteen com- 

panies left the county for Harrisburg for State 
defense. One company of cavalry started, 
but was ordered back before reaching Harris- 
burg. ' 

"These companies returned after a campaign 
of two weeks. Some of them were in line of 
battle, but none were actually engaged." 

Several of the first companies from the 
county were placed in the 5th regiment, which 
was organized April 21st, 1861. These com- 
panies were the Columbian Infantry, Com- 
pany C ; Minersville Artillerists, Company E ; 
the Scott Artillery, of Schuylkill Haven, Com- 
pany F ; and the Ringgold Rifles, of Miners- 
ville, Company I. 

" This regiment went to Annapolis on the 
23d, and to Washington on the 27th. It was 
at Alexandria when the battle of Bull Run 
was fought, and it did not participate in any 
engagement during its term of service. It 
was discharged July 25th, 1861." 

Company C (Columbian Infautry, of Glen Carbon). 

Officers. — Captain, James Brennan.^ First 
lieutenant, John Keating; second, Michael 
Curry. Sergeants, Thomas and Daniel Law- 
ler, Patrick Brennan, Michael Daily. Cor- 
porals, James Keating, George Lawler, Patrick 
Wade, William Curran. ' 

Privates. — ^John Carroll, Nicholas Delany, 
Michael Brennan, Eli Lee, J. Mulaowny, 
Patrick Dullerd, Daniel Carter, Patrick Tobin, 
Michael Keating, Daniel Curry, John Whelan, 
Richard Moran, James Moran, James Borgin, 
James Grant, Patrick Brennan, William Mc- 
Donald, William Ryan, Alexander McMentru, 
James Brennan, Matthew Mouly, Patrick 
Brennan, William Carty, James Boyle, Ed- 
ward Brennan, William Dullerd, Edwird 
Keating, William Cleary, John Mulhall, Nich- 



olas Purcell, Thomas Tobin, Laughlin Bren- 
nan, John Moran, Patrick McKerns, Patrick 
Dooling, William Simmons, Lawrence Tobin, 
William Daily, James Tobin, William Bren- 
nan, Michael Foley, William Curran, Michael 
Cavenaugh, Michael O'Brien. 

Company E (Minersville Artillerists). 

Officers. — Captain, William Hower. First 
lieutenant, G. W. Brumm ; second, Daniel 
Freiler. Sergeants — Frank C. Bender, Daniel 
P. McElroy, Condy Fury, Philip Wernert. 
Corporals — William Wenscl, Jacob Pauly, 
John Carr, Michael Foley. 

Privates. — John Foley, Michael Devlin, John 
Carroll, Frederick Kline, Jacob Geir, Edward 
A. Reed, Patrick McGlinn, George Ridley, 
Henry Smith, Thomas Nixon, Charles Ger- 
hard, Charles Weitzennigger, William Ken- 
nedy, Michael Moran, John L. Brennan, Adam 
Godshall, Thomas Brennan, Mathias Laubach, 
Joseph Smith, Patrick McGovern, John Done- 
hue, James O'Donald, Thomas Levens, James 
McManemen, Elisha Andrews, Charles F. 
Falls, Robert A. Maingay, Thomas J. Weaver, 
Patrick McDonoch, John H. Burger, Thomas 
Murphey, William Murphey, William Diehl, 
Philip GuUung, John Reed, Frederick Sieber, 
Philip Mohan, John McGec, James Porter, 
Daniel Martin, Michael Bamrick, Henry Lei- 
tcnbergcr, Michael Condron, John Gerher, 
Patrick McGuire, Patrick McGee, John Duff, 
Jacob, Edward Ferguson, Thomas 
Williams, Thomas Reese, Sebastian Grover, 
Thomas S. Brown, Joseph Torikinson, Daniel 
Hummel, William Holze, William S. Welsh, 
Morgan Pugh, John Bissicomer, Adam Ehni, 
William Levant, William Welsh, Samuel 
Achcbach, James II. Levan, George Reamer. 
Company I" (Scott Artillery, of Schuylkill Haven). 

Offictrs. — Captain, F. B. Medlar. First 
icutenant, D. F. Burkert; second, T. K. Mills. 

Sergeants— U. A. Bast, P. F. Quinn, C. R. 
Guertler, F. D. Koch. 

Privates. — Henry Dry, George Schreds, J. 
W. Coho, J. B. Wright, Laft. Becker, C. Rau- 
denbush, Jacob Christ, C.Betzler, Joseph Ropp, 
George Miller, D. Houghman, J. Sheriff, Sam- 
uel Martz, H. Heffner, John Polly, J. Huntzin- 
ger, H. P. Urner, R. Auman, C. Oaswalt, M. 
Poyer, F. Krohberger, O. Nuttle, D. Matte- 
son, W. Conway, A. Kissinger, P. Sheck, Wil- 
liam Kluck, J. River, J. L. Minnig, F. Wise. 
Samuel Gray, F. Sheck, G. W. Mercer, J. F. 
Saylor, William Mowry, William Hain, J. 
Wenting, H. Hehn, H. Knorr, D. Renard, 
Benjamin Emerick, J. B. Martz, M. Johnson, 
J. Swivel, J. Freshly, E. W. Minnig, William 
Shadle, George Reed, Jacob Hehn, S. Arm 
prister, J. L. Weber, W. H. Mennig, Noah 
Cross, C. Knorr, J. McLaird, Daniel Haffa, 
K. Blanch, E. Coller.William Hiney, J. Straus- 
ser, J. Bower, J. Dampman, P. L. Logan, C. 
Bickley, V. Burns. 

Company I (Riuggold Rifles, of Mioersville). 

Officers. — Captain, George J. Lawrence. First 
lieutenant, Charles N. Brumm ; second, Sam- 
uel Richards. Sergeants — Samuel Richards, 
Thomas D. Griffiths, Fred. Gunther, John J. 
Williams, Thomas Robertson. Corporals — 
William H. Jones, George Parey, Joseph For- 
ney, John Evan.s. Musicians — Niel S. Maclay, 
R. K. Levan. 

Privates — George Allen, Samuel Allen, 
David Auld, William Ball, Joseph Beadle, 
Henry C. Benseman.Winfield Benseman, David 
Bowen, Jacob Burkert, Isaac P. Chalfant, Dan- 
iel Chester, Daniel Christian, Charles Cholar, 
John Crawford, Lewis Dennis, Reuben De- 
walt, William Dier, Peter D. Eby, Albert C. 
Forney, Richard Forney, John Geiger, John 
Goodfellow, Benjamin Haines, Charles W. 
Haines, William Hesser, George B. Hindson, 



William Hopkins, Watkin Howells, John Jef- 
ferson, Raymond A. Jenkins, David J. Jones, 
Thomas Joy, Charles O. Keller, James D. Law- 
rence, Lewis Lee, James Levens, David Levy, 
John Lovet, James Manning, William Maggi- 
son. Amor Markert, William D. H. Mason, 
Joseph Morgans, George McNeil, Henry 
Owens, John Parry, William S. Peel, William 
Redner, George Reece, Henry Reese, Stephen 
Reese.Michael Shilthorn, John S. Silver, Henry 
Snyder, Albert W. Sterner, Joseph Smith,Wil- 
liam E. Taylor, William H. Taylor, John W. 
Thirlwell, Theodore P. Trayer, Frederick Wat- 
kins, William Webster, Sampson Wigmore, 
Jacob Witman, George W.Wythes, Joseph H. 
Wythes, Jacob- Zimmerman. 


Schuylkill county had seven companies in 
this regiment : The Port Clinton Artillery, 
Company B ; the Marion Rifles, Company C, 
recruited at Port Carbon ; the Nagle Guards, 
of Pottsville, Company D ; the Ashland Rifles, 
Company E ; the Washington Yagers, of Potts- 
ville, Company F ; the Lewellyn Rifles, Com- 
pany G; and the Tower Guards, of Pottsville, 
Company H. 

The Sixth Regiment was a part of Thomas' 
brigade, of Patterson's Division, and helped 
make a demonstration on Harper's Ferry, after 
which it was engaged in a couple of skirmishes 
before the expiration of its three months' term 
of service. 

Company B (Port Clinton Artillery). 

Officers — Captain, D. B. Kauffman. First 
lieutenant, George F. Shillinger; second, O. 
Hatch. Orderly sergeant, E. W. S. Kiemtzel. 
Quartermaster, William H. Harrison. Fifer, 
James Sterner. Drummer, Frank Lintz. 

Privates — Elijah Miller, Arthur P. Hatch, 
Oliver McLane, John Taylor, J. M. McCalli- 

ster, James M. Elliott, D. McCallister, John A, 
Elliott, Benjamin G. Otto, John Shenk, John 
Murry, Nelson Simons, George Hendricks, 
Frank Wentzel, Peter Bridegam, Benjamin 
Roberson, Joseph Long, Franklin Simons, 
Lewis Long, James Gribben, Samuel Wallace, 
William Huntzberger, Obadiah Stahlnecker, 
J. iRichards, John H. Stager, Henry Snyder, 
W. S. Heartline, John Little, Richard Len- 
hard, Frank Nolen, John Walters, William 
Clark, Joseph Mauer,William J. Elliott, Joseph 
Bridegam, Henry Hyneman, John Kling, Sam- 
uel S. Moyer, Nathaniel Cunfear, Michael Kel- 
ler, Aaron Boyer, Thomas P. Smith, John A. 
Moyer, Thomas W. Combs, Franklin Fabean, 
Henry Wyneman, Jr., Daniel Fox, M. R. 
Thompson, Justice Carat, John Seaman, Isaac 
Miles, Charles Beauverly, A. Weathern, F. 
Boch, Harman Leager, John H. Dillinger, T. 
P. S. Roby, William S. Lessig, Theodore Dear- 
ing, Henry J. O'Connel, Henry Mackeson, 
Augustus Shearer, William Markle, John Mc- 
Grath, Moses Nolen, John H. Moyer, George 

Company C (Marion Rifles, of Port Carbon). 

Officers — Captain, J. K. Sigfried. First lieu- 
tenant, M. D. Weand ; second, George W. Sny- 
der. Sergeants — Philip Cares, John Gillespie, 
James Teasdale, Thomas Hilton, Jacob Buch- 
man. Corporals — George W. Holder, Charles 
Hilbert, James Gillespie, James Kane. Fifer, 
Stephen Jones. Drummer, Henry Swartz. 

Privates — Samuel Aregood, Alexander Alli- 
son, Abraham Ahley, James Boyd, Joseph 
Beadle, David Bour, G. Burton, L Courtright, 
C. L. Chilson, William Garris, P. Garber, R. 
M. Huntzinger, Ashton Hilton, James Hen- 
derson, Henry Hodge, Henry Hignor, Abra- 
ham Hummell, William Kane, Robert Kane, 
John Kline, Anthony Klingols, Joseph Kep- 
ley, John W. Laing, William Lloyd, John 



Lloyd, William Mackey, Samuel McQuade, 
William Martin, P. May, John P. McCord, 
James B. Oliver, David J. Price, Theodore 
Pletz, Patrick Pursell, Charles Paul.F.W. Reed, 
Patrick Shields, J. W. Shappell, Joseph A. Se- 
ligman, George Stout, James Stout, William 
Smith, John Stanton, John Smith, William 
Stevenson, Samuel Seitzinger, Alexander 
Smith, John Seward, A. Shilthouse, George 
W. Thomson, Jesse Templin, J. Umbehower, 
Thomas Williams, Perry Watts, David Wer- 
tle, Watkin Waters, William Williams, Eman- 
uel Bechtel, M. Davidheiser, John Ferry, John 
Mullen, D. B. Mitchell, G. W. Stillwagon. 

Company D (Nagle Guards, of Pottsville). 

Officers — Captain, Daniel Nagle. First lieu- 
tenant, David P. Brown ; second, William W. 
Potts. Sergeants — F. A Bonawitz, G. W. 
Garret, Jacob Douty, Nicholas Wynkoop. Cor- 
porals — J. F. Brannan, James Sand, Nathaniel 
M. Stout, David Hodge. 

Privates. — George Aurand, George Ayr- 
good, William Bambrick, William Barrier, 
David Baker, George Boyer, John Bowler, 
David Biggs, William 11. H. Brown, James 
Bambrick, Jacob F. Behler, Alpheus Cheany, 
Matthew Clarkson, Peter Carrel, James Coch- 
ran, Wallace Cake, Thomas Chadwick, J. K. 
Dreiblebies, George W. Ebert, Samuel Fisher, 
William Griffith, Henry Heiser, William 
Houck, James R. Helms, Adam Hendley, Is- 
rael Hendley, John Hinckcliff, Archibald 
Hodge, Silas C. Hough, Thornton Hanley, 
John Johnston, William Johnston, Samuel 
Kramer, Wesley Knittle, Jacob Kline, George 
Knowlcs, William Lawrence, Charles Lucas, 
Edward Morris-, Thomas Martin, Charles Mat- 
thew, Anthony Norgan, Charles Norgan, 
Thomas D. Price, Charles F. Rahn, Thomas 
Reid, Thomas Ryan, E. F. Shappall, Michael 

Sands, David Sands, George Snyder, Leonard 
F. Shishorn, Frank Seitzinger, Henry Seitzin- 
ger, William F. Small, David Schrack, Jacob 
Shade, Jacob Semore, William Trimmins, 
Henry Wilson, Patrick Whalan, John Ward, 
William Wernick, J. H. B. Warfield, Israel 
Vancannan, James Winters. 

CoMP.\NV E (Ashland Rifles). 

Officers. — Captain, Israel Seitzinger. First 
lieutenant, Levi C. Leib ; second, John C. Gar- 
ner. Ensign, John Van Hollen. Quarter- 
master, George Harman. Sergeants — R. F. 
Moson, Peter Houk, Franklin Steese, Freder- 
ick Hopkins. Corporals — Franklin Garner, 
Andrew Arnold, John Slaterback, Oscar Rahn. 
Drummer, Joseph Keeler. 

Privates. — Thomas Brennan, Henry Barndt, 
Emanuel Bolich, Josiah Berger, Barnabas Bil- 
lian, John Colohan, Daniel Carmitchel, Thomas 
Conner, I'.itrick Colohan, Jr., John Cleaver, 
Gabriel Crow, William Cooper, Henry I" 
Dengler, John ( ). Davis, Jsaac F. Davis, How- 
ard Edmonds, James A. Easton, Evan l>ans, 
I^wrence I'ocht, George Fctterman, I^ifay- 
ette Fetterman, Jacob Farrel, J. J. Fertig, 
James Gillespie, W. T. Hartz, Charles Ilen- 
rich, W. A. Himelright, Franklin 1 lartz, James 
Hetherington, John Heck, Richard Jones, 
James Knabb, John F. Klock, John Langton, 
John Loudon, Abraham Levy, Joseph Mann, 
Martin V. Murry, Nathan J. Mover, Condy 
Maguire, B. F. May, Thomas Owens, Jacob 
Oswald, Samuel K. Phillippi, George Price, 
Thomas Piatt, Christian Rherig, John Rhor- 
back, Richard Rhan, Erastus Shuman, Edward 
Shutt, George N. Simpson, Jacob K. Shelly, 
Calvin Shindler, Anthony Spoo, Thomas 
Smith, Peter Schneider, Edward Wentzel, 
Joseph E. Wilson, John A. Wilson, John 
Wagner, Tobias Witman, James Bradbur)-, 
James Craige, James McDade. 



Company F (Washington Yagers, of Pottsville). 

Officers. — Captain, H. J. Hendler. First lieu- 
tenant, Theodore Miller ; second, Nicholas 
Michel. Sergeants — John Liebner, Christian 
Schlitzer, George Broschart, William Land- 
field. Corporals — Bernard Becker, Michael 
Friederich, John Landefield, Philip Lambrus- 
chini. Drummer, Andrew J. Snyder. 

Privates. — Julius Bathe, Joseph Braem, Peter 
Broschart, George Barnes, Richard Brennan, 
Reuben Burch, William Callighan, Thomas 
Drobil, Joseph Dockweiler, Charles Eberle, 
Joseph Eick, Ignaz Foss, George Grass, La- 
renz Gutmann, Charles Gluntz, Charles Gass- 
ier, Eberhard Gessler, Adam Heim, Joseph 
Hohmann, Casper Henry, August Hammer, 
George Hummel, Henry Jaeger, Valentine 
Kimmel, Charles F. Kuentzler, John Klein, 
John Kleindinst, William Koehler, Henry 
Lang, Charles H. Lukowitz, William Mont- 
gomery, Charles J. Murphy, Adam Mayer, 
Michael Messer, Gottlieb Nathalz, Henry Oss- 
wald. Christian Prong, Laughlin C. Quigley, 
Preston Rassifer, Jacob Riegel, Charles Rien- 
hardt, Peter Rebhahn, Francis Renner, Jacob 
Saylor, Lewis Seltzer, Conrad Stoffregen, 
Henry Staehle, William Seyfert, Joseph Sturm, 
John Schneider, Ernst Schwanner, George 
Schwartz, Martin Seip, Jacob Scheibelhut, 
Francis A. Voelkers, Anthony Wageck, Fred- 
erick Weitzel, Gottlieb Wisehuk, Peter Wol- 
lium, George Wandress, Charles Zapf, Fred- 
erick Zeppenfield. 

Company G (Lewellyn Rifles). 
Officers. — Captain, Hiram Chance. First 
lieutenant, Edward J. Robson ; second, A. D. 
Shoffstall. Sergeants — Joseph Dilcamp, 
Thomas Partridge, Philip Fitzpatrick, William^ 
Davis. Quartermaster's sergeant, 
Burge. Corporals — D. A. Alspach, 
Focht, Daniel Troutman, Michael iviurry. 

ick, William r 
t, John D.k, 
[i, Benjamin 
ael Murry. I 

Fifer, William Downing. Drummer, B. Down- 

Privates. — Thomas Anges, John Athey, John 
A. Bush, F. H. Barnhart, John Burlee,William 
Burk, Daniel Bonawitz, Michael Brennan, 
Michael Cavanaugh, W. J. Clauser, Simeon 
Clauser, Richard Cole, Augustus Delcamp, 
Thomas Dolan, George English,William Eng- 
lish, M. Emrigeuldo, Joseph Fisher, William 
Green, James Green, James Galagher, Joseph 
Gee, Joshua Greenawalt, Thomas Grant, F. 
Galagher, Edward Griffiths, Patrick Grant, 
John J. Hopkins, Daniel Hilbert, Andrew 
Haws, J. A. Horn, Joseph Henrickson, 
Thomas Holigan, Francis Jones, John John- 
ston, Daniel Jones, William Kerns, Charles 
Kutz, Gotleib Kutzer, William Lavdnberg, L. 
Lavenberg, Daniel Manning, Andrew Miller, 
John Moran, C. McNulty, Jacob Minnig, 
Charles Maurer, James MuUhall, John Maley, 
H. Updegrave, Peter Rhoades, R. Rodgers, 
H. Runyan, John Rooney, George Rankkin, 
William Straw, Joseph Shoffstall, R. S. Thir- 
well, George Wilson, James Wilson, Samuel 
Wesne'r, Benjamin Warey, Israel Warey, 
George Young, Peter Zimmerman, John S. 

Company H (Tower Guards, of Pottsville). 

Officers. — Captain, Charlemange Tower. First 
lieutenant, James Ellis ; second, Henry Pleas- 
ants. Sergeants — William J. Hinkle, Henry 
Fisher, Edward C. Baird, John J. Huntzinger. 
Corporals— Samuel M. Ruch, David H. Hoff- 
man, Daniel H. Leib, Hugh MuUin. Drum- 
mer, Abraham Nagle. Fifer, Cornelius Trout. 

Privates. — Martin Acorn, John Bailey, John 
H. Batdorf, Charles Berluchy, John Bolich, 
William Bowman, Jacob Boyer, James B. 
Brown, Joseph Buck, Thomas Campbell, 
Charles Christian, Mahlon Cbllett, John R. 
Conynghham, Samuel Cowley, John Cooper, 


Charles Crosland, John Cruikshank, Frederick 
VV. Davis, Thomas N. Davis, Daniel D. Dill- 
man, William Douty, Richard Edwards, 
Thomas Fitzsimmons, George W. Foltz, An- 
drew Garber, Samuel Heffner, Charles Haz- 
zard, John Hower, James Hood, Zachariah 
Jones, J. H. Kaufman, Henry Z. Kibler, Her- 
man Krauth, Frank Krebs, Samuel B. Lau- 
benstien, John Laurenberg, George Leech, 
Frank Leonard, Frank Lebengood, Luke Lee, 
O. W. Lilley, Hugh Lynch, John Martz, John 
McElrath, John McShier, Jacob Mervine, G. 
W. Matz, George W. Overback, Frank J. 
Parvin, Jr., John Paull, Robert M. Rinker, 
David Y. Root, Thomas J. Rose, Gabriel 
Shollenberger, Daniel Siegfried, John Snyder, 
Jacob Spotts, Elisha Stone, Edgar R. Titus, 
George J. Weaver, Andrew Weinman, Allen 
Weir, Henry Wiliiamson.William Wren, Elias 


In this regiment theWetherill Rifles, of St. 
C lair (Company H), and the Keystone Rifles, 
of Port Carbon (Company K), represented 
Schuylkill county. The regiment lay near 
Wilmington, Delaware, for a short time, was 
then attached to General Miles' brigade and 
took part in an advance toward Winchester, 
Virginia, but was not engaged in any battle 
during its term of service. 

Company H (Wetherill Rifles, of St. Clair). 
Officers. — Captain, Edward Frane. First 
lieutenant, John D. Jones ; second, Frederick 
A. Herwig. Sergeants — Thomas Ray, Henry 
Kroba, Jr., John March, John Carl. Corpor- 
als — William J. McCarthy, Edward A. Smith, 
William G. DeTurk, Thomas Torbet. Musi- 
cians — John Butterwick, John Bummcrsbach. 
J'in'dtis. — James Atkinson, James Bummers- 
bach, August Beurne, Jacob Britt, Lloyd T. 

Brewes, William Breman, George Beaumant, 
Charles H. Blue, John W. Barnes, Benjamin 
Chadwick, William H. Cape, Joseph W. Den- 
nings, James Dormer, Patrick P. Donovan, 
Lewis Deekes, Charles Dress, Daniel W. 
Freeman, Frederick Grum, George Hether- 
ington, John Howels, John Humphreys, Wil- 
liam H. Humes, John Harrison, Samuel 
Hawn, Edwin F. Hensel, Hatton Hannum, 
William Johnson, Joseph Korbey, Ralph Kor- 
bey. Faro W Krebs, James King, Peter C. 
Kreiger, Nicholas Kern, Charles Kaler, 
Samuel Kendall, Thomas Lewis, Evan Lewis, 
John Lennon, Samuel Mateer, Peter Mahley, 
John McGowcn, James Martin, William Mur- 
gan, Michael McHugh, James Moore, Jere- 
miah McMahon, F McLafferty, Jacob Neifert, 
Amos L. Neilds, Morris O'Xeil, Jacob Parvin, 
Thomas Paul Palmer, James Riley, John W. 
Reese, Charles !,. Roorbach, John Rhobalt, 
John S. Steele, Michael Sedgwick, John Tag- 
gert, Henry Huhn, Nicholas Welsh, Augustus 

Company K (Keystone Rifles, of Port Carbon.) 
Officers. — Captain Matthew Byrnes. First 
lieutenant, William Cusack ; second, Thomas 
Brennan. Sergeants — John Mullen, John 
Moore, Michael Dougherty, Barnard Duffy. 
Corporals — John Leamy, William Gaynor, 
James Burke, James Slattcry. Musicians — 
Thomas Fegan, Edward Cunningham. 

Privates. — James Allison, James Agnew, 
Henry Bouseman, Martin Baker, John Bren- 
nan, Francis Byrnes, Michael Brennan, Ethan 
Crandall, Patrick Cawley, Richard Condon, 
James Creamer, James Casserley, Edward 
Coyle, Michael Cannon, Patrick Curran, ¥A- 
ward Coonan, Thomas Carlin, Francis Carr, 
James Dailey, Peter Doggett, John Dorrigan, 
William Flannery, Martin Foyle, John Fitz- 
simmins, William Fitzgerald, Patrick Gavin, 



James- Gollaher, Patrick Gleason, Edward 
Hoary, Brian Hailey, Daniel Harrison, John 
Hailey, Samuel Hayes, William Jefferson, 
Andrew Keaveny, Daniel Kent, Patrick Kelly, 
William Keaten, George Little, William Mc 
Donnell, Edward McVay, Michael McGlaugh- 
lin, James McLaughlin, Jeremiah Manauge, 
Daniel McCabe, John Martin, Daniel Mooney, 
Edward Mullen,. James O'Brian, William 
O'Brian, George Prichard, James Parks, Hugh 
Rudy, Thomas Rowe, James Ryan, John 
Ryan, Sr., John Ryan, Jr., James Sullivan, 
Patrick Shannon, Patrick Smith, William 
White, Patrick Walker. 

The Scott Rifles, of Tamaqua (Company 
G), and the Washington Light Infantry, of 
Pine Grove, were in this regiment. It was 
engaged in an advance on Winchester, Vir- 
ginia, but was engaged in no battle. It was 
mustered out of the Union service on July 31 

Scott Ripi<bs, of Tamaqua. 

Officers. — Captain, William B. Lebo ; First 
lieutenant, S. B. Lutz; second William De- 

Privates. — Edward Davis, David Davis. 
Samuel B. Graeff, John M. Reinhart, William 
King, George E. Hughes, William J. Wil- 
liams, O. G. Treichler, Jeremiah Trout, John 
Greathead, Richard Kitchen, William Lane, 
George W. Henrie, Theodore Casey, George 
W. March, William T. Thomas, James 
Scheifly, George Kisler, Isaac Chester, John \ 
Minnier, Nicholas Lusch, Charles Freiden- | 
berger, William Miller, Martin Barr, George ' 
Vardy, Philip Heilman, Ephraim Moser, John 
Dunn, James Barton, Jonas Hine, Thomas J. 
Richards, David Reese, William Delamore, 
John H. Southam, Thomas March, Daniel B. 
Brause, Henry H. Snyder, John Fairchilds, 

David R. Burkey, David Nahf, Elias Fatzin- 
ger, John Richardson, William Shoemaker, 
John Kershner, Jeremiah Delay, Albert 
Moyer, Peter Shlasser, Edward Jones, David 
E. Davis, Thomas W. Griffith, James M. 
Moyer, William Allen, Abraham Markle, 
Charles C. Hensberger, B. Williams, B. A. 
Houser, Samuel T. Kehl, William R. Moyer, 
Samuel Brobst, John Landie, E^ias Macord, 
J. Smessersmith, E. B. Thomas, Joseph 
Mummy, William Schwartz, Robert Casey, 
Patrick McManamon, F. Kleckner, William 
Higgins, Jacob Campbell, William Horn, 
Daniel Trout. 
Washington Light Infantry, of Pinbgrove. 

Officers. — Captain H. H. Bechtel. First 
lieutenant, J. W. Barr ; second, P. A. Filbert. 
Sergeants — E. M. Matthews, Philip Keely, 
Caleb Wheeler, Lewis Lookingbill. Corpor- 
als — Jacob B. Kreider, William Bonnawitz, 
Jerome Ley, Peter Rump. 

Privates. — Joseph Allison, Bearmount 
Brook, Paul H. Barr, William W. Bright, 
Robert Byers, George Bretz, Daniel Bretz, 
Henry Britigum, William Brenner, Daniel D. 
Brown, Marcus Dry, Frederick Dutter, 
George Fritz, William H. Filbert, Henry Fry, 
John Fox, Henry Feger, William Grove, 
Aaron Greenwald, George Goodman, Edward 
Heckman, Edward Heisler, Jacob Huber, Jr., 
John Harvey, Adam Hand, Joseph Harmon, 
David Harrigon, Frederick Hammer, Henry 
G. Krise, Benhart Kamget, George Kill, 
Samuel Lehman, Irvine Loeser, William 
Lehman, Joshua Martz, Franklin Muthgart, 
Joseph Moorheiser, Samuel G. Miller, Har- 
rison Manviller, Franklin Moore, James Man- 
viller, George Rothmend, Henry Reinoehl. 
David Reader, David Spangler, Israel Span- 
cake, Ephraim Schrope, Peter Smeltzer, 
Thomas Schwartz, Thomas Seibert, Aaron 



Stees, Frederick Sch rope, Jacob Snyder, Amos 
Stine, George Schnept, John Scherer, Gotleib 
Schiveller, John Scheeler, William Sick, 
William Wetzel, Frederick Wegelin, Peter 
Weaver, William N. Wolverton, Samuel Wei- 
ler, Henry Yeager, Andrew Zimmerman, Peter 
C. Zelleff. 


Company B (Lafayette Rifles), of Schuyl- 
kill county, was in this regiment. It was 
engaged in several expeditions sent out in 
quest of the enemy, but participated in no 
battle, and many of its officers and men re- 

Company B (Lafayette Rifles, of St. Clair). 

Officers. — Captain, William H. Jennings 
First lieutenant, William G. Burwell ; second. 
John Ennis. Sergeants — Charles Blacker 
Thomas M. Price, William G. Gwyther, Nich- 
ola Schmeltzer. Corporals — Michael A. 
Welsh, David Ruse, James Blacker, Fldward 
R. Brecken. Fifer, William Birt. Drummer 
Michael Clark. 

Privates. — William Ansbach, William 
Blacker, William Brown, William Brennan. 
John Blakely, William Childs, Thomas 
Cresswell, Benneville Clase, James J. 
Cooper, John Crow, John Catcher, Wil- 
liam Davis, John Dougherty, Jonah Davis, 
John Donley, William Dudley, John Dolan, 
Joseph Dixon, George Evans, John Francis, 
George Farnie, William Gittin, Thomas Gwy- 
ther, Robert Green, John Green, William 
Gable, Evan Humphries, George Hancock, 
James Highten, Marshall Harrison, David 
Jenkins, Isaac H. Jones, Jeremiah David, 
Theodore Koch, John Kelley, George Lock- 
ctt, John Mason, ICdward Mason, Patrick 
Murray, John L. Morgan, William Price, 

James Pusey, Frank W. Richardson, Robert 
Rogers, Reese Reese, John Snaden, John W. 
Smith, George Smith, William M. Steel, Ed- 
ward Sedgwick, John Stevens, Charles 
Taylor, John Taylor. George Thomas, John 
G. Thomas, John Thompson, Adgate \'an- 
horn, John \'incent, David D. Walker, 
Thoma.s Wilson, Daniel Walker, John Wood, 
George Wonders, Adam W. Zimmerman. 


The German Light Infantry, Company B, 
of Tamaqua ; the Jackson Guards, Company 
D, of Tamaqua ; the Wynkoop Artillery, 
Company E, of .Silver Creek; the Union 
Guards, Company I, of Pottsville, and the 
Schuylkill Guards, of Mincrsviilc, were from 
Schuylkill county. Like many of the three 
months' regiments, it was never engaged in 
any battle. 

Company B (German Light Infantry, of Tamaqua). 

Officers. — Captain, Philip Guenthcr. First 
lieutenant, Henry Eigenbrod; second, John 
Gocpfert. Sergeants — John Horn, Andrew 
Hartwig, William Sandrock, John Hoffman. 
Corporals — Christopher Erbe, Frederick 
Eigenbrod, Frederick Kroll. Musician, Wil- 
liam Maettern. 

Privates. — John George Albricht, William 
.Aedling, Christopher Boetler, Larenz Berlet, 
Theodore Burri, John Foolher, Christopher 
Gross, Adam Hartwig, V. Hess, G. Hess, 
Justus Haethe, Jacob Horman, Aaron Hei- 
man, Conrad Herwig, Heriem Keilman, 
Conrad Kuch, John Knierren, Christopher 
Keitel, John Linburg, George Moeller, Balt- 
hasser Rabe, Jacob Kimback, Jacob Seepp, 
Christopher Schade, Peter Schlosser, Adam 
Storck, Philip Wallauer, Christopher Hart- 
man, Augustus Rediger. 



Company D (Jackson Guards, of Tamaqua). 

Officers. — Captain, C. M. Donovan. First 
lieutenant, Condy Boyle ; second, Patrick 
McGuigan. Sergeants — Patrick Farrell, 
Charles Harkins, Edward M. Nellis, Owen 
Boyce. Corporals — James O'Donnell, Joseph 
Early, Patrick McKeloy, Stephen McShaeffry. 
Drummer — ^John Higgins. Fifer — Richard 

Privates. — Hugh Boyle, Patrick Bjoner, 
John Broderick, Robert Boyle, Patrick Cona- 
han, Condy Cannon, John Campbell, James 
Conner, Francis Cannon, Patrick Costin, 
Michael Cavanaugh, John Chapman, Thomas 
Clark, Thomas Delahey, James Deacon, James 
Fitzgerald, Condy Fisher, William Foster, 
Patrick Fitzsimmon, Patrick Gorrick, Condy 
Gallagher, Anthony Gallagher, Patrick Hag- 
erty, Matthew Long, Charles Millet, James 
Mulhasen, Thomas Mulhasen, Daniel Mundy, 
Edward Mprrissey, Patrick Melly, Michael 
Mulloy, Stephen Mulloy, Isaac Mason, John 
Mooney, Michael Martin, Patrick Mulhart, 
Francis Moore, Charles McCaliill, Alexander 
McManus, William McShaeffry, John Mc- 
Guire, John McHugh, Henry McNalley, Ed 
ward McDevitt, James McGonley, Peter 
McGo-vern, Patrick McGee, Patrick Powers, 
Martin Ryan, Michael Reardon, P. C. H. , 
Rooney, Patrick Shovelin, Michael Stapleton, 
Richard Tobin, F. A. Whitaker, .Patrick 
Winkle, Samuel Walley, Michael Kearney, 
Adolphus Zearklebach. 

Company E (Wynkoop Artillery, of Silver Creek). 

Officers. — Captain, William Winlack. First 
lieutenant, Patrick McQuade ; second, Law- 
rence Ennis. Sergeants — William Cullen, 
Robert Wassen, James Gallery, William 
Treaner. Quartermaster, Thomas J. O'Brien. 
Corporals — Stafford Johnson, John Carty, 

Charles Murray, Thomas Feeley. Drummer, 
James McAllister. Fifer, Michael Martin. 

Privates — Solomon Berger, James Brenin, 
Stephen Croney, William Corby, Samuel 
Clemens, Francis Cramer, Thomas Corcoran, 
Robert Dawson, Charles Dumb, Patrick 
Delaney, Evan Davis, Francis Dooling, Pat- 
rick Donivan, John Elliot, Dennis Fuller, 
William Fitzpatrick, Michael Foley, John 
Heggins, Patrick Heggins, Jacob Hill, Albana 
Harp, John S. Haas, James Irving, Daniel 
Jones, Martin King, David McAllister, 
Thomas Miller, William Miller, Charles Mor- 
rison, Samuel Miller, James McKinney, James 
Meeghar, Peter McGonagle, John McGraw, 
Michael O'Brien, Jonah Piatt, George Rogers, 
Andrew Rogers, John Sneddin, James Shields, 
James Soesby, William Snyder, John Scott, 
John Slowy, Andrew Sponsler, Benjamin 
Smith, Thomas Tosh, John Thompson, John 
Thomas, John T. Williams, John S. Wingerd, 
• Richard S. Walters, Henry C. Young, John 
Garrison, John Geary, Samuel Fairchild, John 
Rosser, Thomas Moon, William Frederick, 
William Taylor, Jacob Hew, William Morris. 
Company I (Union Guards, of Pottsville). 
Officers. — Captai'n, Joseph Anthony. First 
lieutenant, John P. Powers; second, John 
Dougherty. Sergeants — Thomas Quirk, John 
Shortall, James Fogarty, John M. McBarron. 
Corporals — John Ryan, Thomas Dooley, Pat- 
rick Curry, Dennis Carrol. Drummer, 
Thomas Smith. Fifer, William Perry. 

Privates. — James Brady, Michael Boland, 
Arthur Branagan, William Brennan, Edward 
Britt, Michael Bohanan, Francis Conery, 
WiUiam Cowey, Thomas Cowey, Daniel 
Cole Patrick Cook, Thomas Cullen, William 
Clancy, Robert Calhoun, Hugh Drummond, 
Jeremiah Drenan, Peter Devine, Thomas 
Dougherty, Patrick Darahan, Daniel Doogan, 



Robert Devine, Francis Davis, James Davis 
Joseph Dolan. Thomas Eagan, Thomas Far- 
rell, Edward Ford, Thomas Flinn, James 
Goolden, John Glerson, Patrick Gallagher, 
Thomas Hussey, Michael Hillan, Martin, 
Hamburry, James Kerns, Thomas Kennedy, 
Michael Kelly, Michael Lanigan, John 
Lynaugh, Frank McCann, Edward Moore, 
William McGuire, John McGowan, John 
Murray, Daniel McCoy, Bernard Blunkirt, 
John Quinn, Philip Reilly, John Ragan, Pat- 
rick Savage, James Sexton, Edward Shield, 
Timothy Sullivan, Thomas Scott, Peter Stan- 
ton, Robert Troy, Thomas Tracy, James Tye, 
John Tobcn, Peter White, Aaron William, 
Richard Walsh, John Walsh, Dubois Wil- 

ScHUVLKiLi, Guards, op Minbrsvillk. 

Officers. — Captain, Horace C. Bennett. First 
lieutenant, Andrew Liddle ; second, Wil- 
liam E. Kline. Sergeants — John Davidson. 
John McGurl, Thomas Simpson, Michael 
Comeford. Corporals — Robert Hutchinson, 
George Kantner, John Matthews, William 
Foley. Drummer, John Jones. 

Privates. — William Bareton, John Berger, 
William Brennan, Patrick Brennan, Joel Black 
James Connor, William Chalenger, William 
Cooper, James Conner, James Cantwell, 
Thomas Dunlap, John B. Davis, Carl Fritch- 
ley, Nicholas Foust, John N. Furguson, Wil- 
liam Fowler, James Forbis, Jacob Ford, George 
Faster, Andrew Grant, John Garret, Michael 
Hughes, William Hay, John Henrj-, Daniel 
Hughes, Frederick Hinck, John Hoar, John 
Heffher, James Johnson, John H. Johnson, 
John Judge, Edward Jones, James Kerron, 
James Kilrain, John Murray, William Nixon, 
John Nolen, Michael Landy, David N. Mor- 
gan, George .Morris, George Minnes, John 
McDonald, James McCulloch, Robert Pace, 

Joseph Presser, Thomas Roads, William Rob- 
ertson, Frederick Rice, Isaac Beed, James 
Schoflfield, Samuel Snoddy, John Sutton, 
Joseph Spencer, Samuel Slocum, John Stone- 
house, Thomas Steel, D. Shollenberger, 
Charles N. Taylor, Thomas M. Thomas, Ben- 
jamin A. Watres, John Wormel, James H. 
Welsh, John William.s, Joseph Zimmerman. 


When in June, 1863, Pennsylvania was a 
second time invaded, the citizens of Schuylkill 
county at once took measures to meet the 
emergency. Companies were raised and sent 
forward to Harrisburg. It is said that 700 
men left the countj- within 24 hours. These 
volunteers were organized into the 27th P. V. 
M., of which companies A, B and C were from 
Pottsville, E from Tamaqua, G from Ashland 
and 1 from Frailey township. 

The regiment moved to Columbia on the 
24th, guarded the bridge across the Susque- 
hanna, and was on Sunday, the 28th, attacked 
by a large force of rebels, who were prevented 
from crossing. Thus the Pennsylvania rail- 
road, as well as other roads, and bridges, 
were saved from destruction. In this action 
the regiment lost no men. Three deaths from, 
' disease occurred during its brief term of ser- 

\ vice. 



This regiment, containing forty men from 
Schuylkill county, was raised under au- 
thority of Governor Curtin by Colonel 
terward General) Geary. It was uniformed 
and equipped at his e.\pense, and achieved a 
brilliant record. The few men from this 
county bore an honorable part, and many of 
jv its veterans re-enlistL-J and bervcd through 
the war. 



The following were from Schuylkill county: 
James Silliman, Jr., lieutenant ; Daniel Sit- 
ter, Thomas Cunningham, Alexander Mc- 
Kecheney, corporal ; William Moyer, Sidney 
Glase, Edward Dailey, Francis Agnew, 
Thomas Young, Gideon Mosser, Aaron 
Mosser, Thomas McGurl, Daniel Schwenk, 
Maberry Trout, Brian Dolan, Thomas Hart, 
William Leffler, Jacob Shoemaker, Patrick 
Canfield, James Ganley, Thomas Highman, 
James Shirey, Gustavus Hoffman, John Mor- 
gan, Charles Barnett, Richard Brennan; John 
Kilrain, Jacob Arnold, Edward R. Eveland, 
Herbert Weston, William Horn, William J. 
Schrefifler, Jacob Bobst, Philip Goulden, James 
Hughes, John Lavenberg, sergeant ; Alexan- 
der McDonnell, Andrew Wilson, Emanuel 
Spartzer, Henry E. Moore, Thomas J. Foster, 
color corporal. ^ 

Nearly all the men in this regiment were 
from Schuylkill county. In July, 1863, they 
left Harrisburg for Carlisle, and thence went 
to Shippensburg, from which place they 
marched to Chambersburg and to Green Cas- 
tle, but the enemy had retreated from each of 
these places before their arrival. 


In this three-years' regiment Schuylkill 
county was represented by about thirty men. 
It was organized on July i, 1861, and on the 
30th was mustered into service at Washing- 
ton. In September it had a slight skirmish 
with the rebels across the Potomac, and in 
December went into winter quarters near 
Lewinsville. In June, 1862, the regiment 
went to the Chickahominy, and at the battle 
of Gaines' Mill was fiercely engaged, losing 
forty-six killed and one hundred wounded. It 

was captured there and sent to Richmond, 
whence it returned in August. 

It was in the second Bull Run and Mary- 
land campaigns, and was at Fredericksburg 
and Gettysburg, in all of which it was warmly 
engaged. Its last service was in the Wilder- 
ness, where it was under fire for several days. 
Immediately after the battle of Bethesda 
Church it returned to Pennsylvania, and was 
mustered out of the Federal service. 
, The following were from Schuylkill county : 

John Koch, William Matteer, John Draw- 
ble, musician ; Christian Ernst, Michael Mc- 
Cue, C. W. Keyser, H. Dintinger, John Bitner, 
William Bitner, Ferdinand Wentz, William 
Overy, C. Haldeman, Lewis Moyer, William 
Ray, Charles J. Foulk, Joseph Herring, Ter- 
ence Conigham, H olden Chester, John Can- 
ning, John Delay, Joseph Mosser, Isaac Wil- 
liams, Josiah Poke, Daniel Kistler, Josiah 
Detrich, Noah Krum, Moses Neyer, Monroe 
P. Martin, David Adams, Aaron Rex. 


This regiment was raised by Col. James 
Nagle under authority of Governor Curtin. 
Colonel Nagle determined to raise the regi- 
ment in Schuylkill county and was assisted 
by Joseph A. Gilmour, James Wren, Henry 
Pleasants, Joseph H. Hoskins, Daniel Nagle, 
Daniel B. Kauffman, John R. Porter, H. A. 
M. Filbert, William Winlack and Philip 
Nagle. The regiment was recruited from 
August 15 to September 20, 1861, when it 
left for, the front. It received a stand of 
colors from Governor Curtin, on behalf of the 
State, and another stand from John T. Wer- 
ner, of Pottsville. On the second stand was 
inscribed the words "In the cause of the 
Union we know no such word as fail." Com- 
pany A was from Port Clinton and Tamaqua. 



Companies B, C, D, G and H were recruited 
at Pottsville, and Company E at Silver Creek 
and New Philadelphia, while Company F was 
from Minersville. Company I came from 
Middleport and Schuylkill Valley, and Com- 
pany K from Schuylkill Haven and Cressona. 
The regiment was first sent to North Carolina, 
and then brought back to Virginia, where 
it lost 152 men at Second Bull Run. It was 
engaged at Chantilly, and lost 1 1 wounded and 
I missing at South Mountain. It fought with 
great bravery and coolness at Fredericksburg, 
was next sent to Tennessee, where it was in 
the battle of Blue Springand the siege of Knox- 
ville. After a veteran furlough it rejoined the 
Army of the Potomac and fought with great 
bravery through the Wilderness campaign, 
and in front of Petersburg, with the 36th Massa- 
chusetts, captured 4 cannon, 1 ,500 stand of arms 
600 prisoners. It mined and blew up a large 
fort, lay in Fort Hell for some time and took 
part in the battle of Poplar Spring Church. 
On the 3d of April the 48th with the rest of 
the line occupied Petersburg, and remained at 
the front till the surrender of Johnston, after 
which it was mustered out and returned to 
Pottsville, where it arrived July 20th, 1865. 

Field and Staff Officers. 
Colonel, James Nagle. Lieutenant-Colonel, 
Joshua K. Sigfried. Major, Daniel Nagle. 
Quartermaster, James Ellis. Chaplain, Sam- 
uel A. Holman. Sergeant-Major. Charles 
Looser, Jr. Commissary-Sergeant, Charles 
W. Schnerr. Fife-Major, James W. Sterner. 
Drum-Major, Abraham Nagle. 


Staff-Major, William A. Maize ; leader, J. 

W. Sounders ; William J. Feger, Daniel Kopp. 

John T. Hays, Charles Hemming, Levi Nagle, 

William Birt, John Cruikshank, Thomas 

Severn, Charles A. Glenn, John George, John 
Drouble, William Lee, Edward L. Haas, 
James Aikman, Frederick Brown, Nicholas 
.McArthur, Albert Bowen, James X. Garrett, 
John Aikman, William Hodgson, Charles 
Slingluff, William H. Gore, C. T. McDaniel, 
H. Wheat. 

Company A. 

Officers. — Captain, Daniel B. Kaufmann. 
First Lieutenant, Abiel H.Jackson; second, 
Henry Boyer. Sergeants — Lewis B. Eveland, 
Albert C. Huckey, William Taylor, Milton B. 
Nice Corporals — John J. Huntzinger, Francis 
M. Stidham, Peter Zimmerman, John Little, 
John S. Bell, John Taylor, Joseph B. Carter. 

Piivates. — George Airgood, George Al- 
bright, William Betz, Klias Brittain, George 
Bricgel, Thomas B. Boyer, Charles B. Bron- 
denberger, Israel Britton, William A. Berger, 
George Betz, John Cochran, John Cochley, 
B. F Cummings, James Day, Patrick Dailey, 
Henry Davis, Jacob Deitrich, William Drei- 
belbeis, Benjamin Dreibelbeis, George Ehr- 
good, James S. E\eland, William Eddinger, 
Samuel Eckroth, F. Frederici. C. Goodhart, 

A. Goodhart, John Gallagher, Charles Greiger, 
John Hummel, William F. Heiser, Henry C. 
llonsberger, Jacob D. Honsberger, William 
Jacob Hein, John Heck, Jordan C. Haas, 
Lewis Hessinger, William K Jones, Newry 
Kuret, Willis S. Kurst, William H. Koch, 
Coleman Jacob Kramer, Benjamin Keller, 
Franklin Kttnig, George Liviston, Daniel 
Leiser, John H. Leiser, William .Miller, 
William Meek, Bernhard .McGuire, Levi Mor- 
ganroth, John McLean, James Meek, Samuel 

B. Moyer, Joel Marshall, George Miller, 
William Neeley, Andrew Neeley Simon Nel- 
son, Isaac Otto, John Pugh, George Prigcl, 
Henry H. Price, Richard B. I'erry, dror'^e Ra- 
mer, Lewis M. Reese, John Rufe, Frank \\ . 



Simon, Augustus Shickran, John Springer, 
Morgan Simon, Henry Schriser, John P. 
Spreese, Nelson Simons, David Steele, Jesse 
Springer, Abraham F. Seltzer, John Shenk, 
Henry Simpson, John Stahlnecker, Obadiah 
Stahlnecker, Bernard West, Franklin Went- 
zell, John Weivils, John Whitaker, Samuel 
Weiser, Oliver Williams, John F. Youser.- 
Re-enlisted Veterans and Recruits : 
Officers. — Captain, Henry Boyer. First 
lieutenant, Levi B. . Eveland ; second, Albert 

C. Huckey. Sergeants — WiUiam Taylor, 
Abraham F. Seltzer, Henry H. Price, John 
Gallagher. Corporals — John Taylor, Frank- 
lin Frederici, Jacob S. Honsberger, Charles 
Brandenburg, Monroe Heckman, James S. 
Eveland, James Meek, Thomas B. Boyer. 
Musician, Wm. H. Hinkley. Wagoner, Wm. 

D. Martin. 

Privates.— George Airgood, John Adams, 
James D. Ash, Elias Britton, Israel Britton, 
William Booth, James Becker, William Beltz, 
George Bond, William Bachman, James 
Baker, George Betz, Thomas Carter, John 
Cochran, B. F. C. Dreibelbeis, William Drei- 
belbeis, Joseph Dreibelbeis, Henry Davis, 
William Eddinger, Samuel Eckroth, Frederick 
Ely, Christian Ferg, Charles Goodman, Ed- 
ward Gallagher, Abraham Greenawaldt, 
David Houser, M. J. Hunsberger, John J. 
Huntzinger, Lewis Hessinger, John Hegg, 
Hiram Hail, Philander N. Hause, Jordan C. 
Hause, William J. Huckey, Wiloughby Hine, 
Elias Hoffman, John Holman, Charles W. 
Hillegas, Franklin Halderman, George Hen- 
dricks, John Hugg, Charles Jones, William 
Knapp, Benj. Keller, W. A. Koch, Henry E. 
Kerst, Charles, Krueger, Willis L. Kerst, 
Franklin King, James Kelchner, Jacob Ker- 
shner, Daniel H. Koch, William Kaufman, 
Morgan Leiser, Lewis R. Love, George 

Livingston, Joel Lins, Elias Lins, Marcus 
M. Mallard, William H. Meek, David Meek, 
John McClean, Robert McClean, Samuel 

B. Moyer, Jacob W. Moyer, Jacob M. 
Moyer, George Miller, Joel Marshall, John 

C. Medler, Monroe Martin, Jabez McFarlin, 
Isaac A. Otto, Richard B. Perry, Philip 
Richards, Lewis M. Robinhold, John Richel- 
derfer, Francis M. Stidham, Frank W. Simons, 
Nelson Simons, H. Lewis Sterner, James W. 
Sterner, Simon Snyder, Thomas P. Smith, J. 
Lewis Smith, Jonas Sigfried, Jacob D. Sig- 
fried, Nathan Sitler, John H. Sheaffer, John 
W. Sheaffer, Chas. Abel, J. St. Clair, Nicholas 
Snayberger, Henry Schreyer, Jesse Springer, 
Samuel Schollenberger, Augustus Schickman, 

Oliver Williams, John Weibel, F. H. Wagner, 
Simon Whetstone, John Peter, George Ben- 
singer, James Demsey, Lemuel Griffith, Ben- 
jamin F. Kline, Isaac Mumma, Charles Rin- 
ker, Francis B. Seltzer, William Shantz, 

Henry Weikel. 

Company B. 

Officers. — Captain, James Wren. First 
lieutenant, Ulysses A. Bast ; second, John L. 
Wood. Sergeants — William H. Hume, 
Thomas Johnson, William D. Hughes, John 
G. W. Bassler, Nelson W. Major. Corporals 
— Joseph Curty, Reuben Robinson, Joseph 
Johnson, Andrew Wren, George Evans, Jacob 
Freshly, Samuel C. Stouch, Thomas P. 

Privates. — Solomon Augusta, Charles Bick- 
Ley, Joseph Brown, John S. Barnhart, Domin- 
ick Bush, Alfred E. Bindley, Richard Brown, 
Sebastian Bickert, Clemence Betzler, William 
Bradley, Joseph Brooks, Samuel Brook, Law- 
rence Brennan, John Baker, John Collohan, 
Philip Carlan, Joseph Corby, Henry Copeland, 
Robert Gamble, Thomas Connell, Patrick 
Dorsey, Charles Dress, Jackson Delaney^ 



Michael Devine, Thomas Davidson, John 
Davis, David J. Davis, William Davidson, 
William Davis, William Durkin, George E. 
Evans, Israel Eiler, William Freeman, Michael 
Finerty, William H. Francis, Isaac L. Fritz, 
Edmund Gabriel, William Hill, Daniel Hoffy, 
Matthew Humes, Carey Heaton, John Hower, 
John Caspar Henry, John Howells, William 
Harris, John Hafling, William Humer, Con- 
rad Ham, James Hunter, Frederick Knittle, 
Pharaoh Krebs, Abraham Kleckner, William 
Kissinger, Peter Lufte, Peter Langton, Mark 
Lamb, John Lucia, Jackson, Long, Thomas 
C. Littlehales, Jonathan C. Leffler, Lawrence 
Moyer, David W. Molsen, George Marsden, 
Anthony McKerney, Michael McLaughlin, 
Thomas Mack, Rolandus Mayer, Elbridge 
Prince, Alexander Prince, L. M. Reese, 
Daniel Root, Joseph -Rehrig, John Robson, 
James Rider, Adam Rush, Paul Shuck, Nic- 
holas Shilterhower, Joseph Sefrin, Samuel 
Stanley, Solomon Schaeffer, Peter Schultz, 
David Thomas, Thomas Taylor, John Vincent, 
John W. Williams, John Wadsworth, William 
1 1. Ward, John Watkins, John Williams, Thos. 
G. Williams, Philip Yost. 

Re-enlisted veterans and volunteers, 1864: 
Officers. — Captain, Ulysses A. Bast. First 
lieutenant, William H. Hume ; second, Thos. 
Johnson. Sergeants — Thomas P. Williams, 
John Watkins, Robert Campbell, William 
Kissinger, John Homer. Corporals — William 
H. Ward, David J. Davis, Clemence Beltzer, 
Joseph Rarig, James Rider, Isaac L. Fritz, 
Sebastian Rickert. Musician — George W. 

Pri' cites. — Henry Altman, William Atkins, 
George Albright, John Barron, William R. 
Brooks. John E. Budeck, Alfred E. Bind- 
Ic)', John Brown, Gardner Bell. Daniel M. 
Bankcs, David Dietz, John Dietz, Wlliam 

Engle, John D. Frehn, Benjamin Glouser. 
Thomas Griffiths, Samuel Heckman, Carey 
Heater, John Haker, Jacob Hammer, 
Charles H. Kershner, Christian Louer, 
Abraham R. Markle, Laurentus C. Moyer, 
Thomas J. Muldoon, William Reppert, Wil- 
liam Stevenson, Albert J. Shifferstein, Gotleib 
Shoufler, William Schwartz, Lewis Steinhour, 
Henry Shoppel, W. Williams, J. Wigner, W. 
Wise, D. Wary. John Yonkers, Henry B. 
Kreitz, Edward Cheetham. John Coutts, David 
Christ, William H. Dintinger, James B. Fry. 
William Fry. Robert Jones. Michael Kinsley, 
Lewis Kleckner, Nathan Lins, Franklin S. 
Lins. Christopher Lugan. Daniel F. Mace, 
Daniel H. Moyer, George Morsdin, Henry 
Rinker. William L. Swoyer, John Shoemaker, 

G. H. Ulmer, Charles Vaughn, Joseph H. 


Officers. — Captain, Henry Pleasants. First 
lieutenant, George W. Gowen ; second, Thomas 
F. Fitzsimmons. Sergeants — Charles W. Erd- 
man, William Clark, Charles H. Miller, Oliver 
C. Hatch. Color Sergeant, Arthur P. Hatch. 
Corporals — David O'Brien, James Hood, James 
Gribens, James Clark. Edward Monagher. 
John Dooley, Samuel Lewis, Obadiah Stoll- 
necker. Drummer. Lewis Howard. Fifer, 
William D. Williams. Wagoner, Theodore 

Pni'iitts. — Peter Bowman, Edward Brenncn, 
Mark Brennen, William Brennen, Thomas 
Burk, William Birt, Michael Condron, James 
Conner, Patrick Cummings, Edward Daniels, 
William J. Daubert, Henry Dersh, John 
Dougherty, William Dudley. Wlliam Degan, 
Henry Early, John Eppinger, William Fitz- 
patrick, Daniel Flagherty, Albert T. Frazer, 
Jonas Geigcr, Barney Gettler, Gillx.rt Graham, 
Thomas Hanahoe, Henry Hurst, William H. 



Hulsey, David Hamilton, James Horn, Jacob 
Haines, George W. Hatch, Casper Henry, 
George Hitchings, John Harrison, Samuel 
Harrison, Jacob Jones, William Jones, John 
Jones, John W. Jones, James Lowe, Wlliam 
Larkin, William Liviston, Thomas McAvoy, 
Edward Morgan, William Farrell, Michael 
McGloughlin, Henry Merlin, John Mullin, 
John Murray, James McElroth, Robert Mc- 
Elroth,John Murphy, James Nicholson, Henry 
O'Connel, Thomas Owens, Edward Owens, 
Hugh Pickfert, Thomas Phalen, Lewis C. 
Quigley, Edward Rouch, William Rodgers, 
James Roberts, John O. Rorety^ Henry Rudge, 
Daniel Richard, Solomon Strauser, Jacob 
Smith, Francis S. Smith, Andrew Scott, John 
Shelby, Martin Toben, Richard Toben, Wil- 
liam Thomas, John WoU, Thomas Whalen, 
Charles Walker, Henry Weiser, John Weiser, 
Samuel Weiser. 

Re-enlisted veterans and volunteers, 1864: 
Officers. — Captain, George W. Gowen. First 
lieutenant, Charles Loeser; second, William 
Clark. Sergeants — James Clark, Henry 
Weiser, Jonas Geier, John Rorety, Samuel 
Wallace. Corporals — Samuel Weiser, John 
Shalvey, Henry McDernold, Michael Condron, 
Henry Rudge, James Nicholson, William Liv- 
ingston. Musicians — Lewis Howard, Robert 
Rogers. Wagoner, Gilbert Graham. 

Privates.^ Pi}ox^}aasi\ A. Acker, Dennis 
Adams, Harrisoh Betz, Thomas Boyle, Murt 
Brennan, Daniel Brown, Robert Clark, James 
Coakley, William Daubert, Andrew Dunleavy, 
William Demmerce, John Daugherty, John 
Dolan, Henry Earley, Michael Earley, William 
Fitzpatrick, Patrick Farrel, Jacob A. Gruver, 
John Harrison, Samuel Harrison, John F. 
Hartman, Jacob Haines, Casper Henry, 
George W. Hatch, James Horan, William J. 
Haines, William Johnston, Allen A. D. Long, 

Enoch Lambert, Anthony McCoy, Edward 
McGinnis, Alfred W. Miller, Michael Mohan, 
William Neeley, Andrew Neeley, Richard 
Ryan, William Sweeney, Edward Sweeney, 
George C. Seibert, Isaac Straugh, Tobap 
Martin, John S. Wheatly, John Whitaker, 
Joseph Sturm, Thomas Elliott, James T. 

Company D. 

Officers. — Captain, Daniel Nagle; First lieu- 
tenant, William W. Potts; second, Charles 
Kleckner. Sergeants — Henry P. Owens, 
James K. Helms, Alexander Fox, Peter C. 
Krieger, William Bambrick. Corporals. — 
George Ramer, Leonard F. Schrisron, James 
Evans, William Timmons, Peter Fisher, Ed- 
ward Reichard, Israel Vancannon, Henry E. 

Privates. — George Artz, William P. Ames, 
Charles Aurand, James Brennen, Sr., John 
Bambrick, James Bambrick, George Bowman, 
Philip Beckman, Mattis Bailey, James Bren- 
nen, Jr., Henry Berkholter, Elias Bixler, J. 
Bixley, Philip Henry Canter, John W. Derr, 
Levi Derr, John H. Derr, Jonathan Detreich, 
Frankhn Dorward, Jacob Derr, Solomon 
Eister, Henry Graeff, Henry Gottshall, Ho- 
ratio Grim, William Houck, John W. Heib- 
ner, Franklin Houck, Peter Hartz, Mattis 
Hinan, John Hunchinger, George Hartz, Wil- 
liam Harris, George W. James, Thomas Kin- 
ney, Elias Koble, Philip H. Kantner, John 
Kessler, Andrew Klock, David T. Kreiger, 
Isaiah Kline, Jarrett Kline, George W. Kline, 
Joseph Koons, Charles Kline, Jacob Koons, 
John Liercutt, Edward Lenhart, Charles W. 
Lindemuth, James Mangham, James D. Mor- 
gans, Charles Miller, Levi Morganrantz, John 
Nunemacher, Albert R. Norringer, Botto Otto, 
Lewis Quinn, William Ryan, Henry Rothen- 
berger, William Reese, George Shertle, John 


Sullivan, William H. Smith, David Smith, 
William Shaeffer, Matthew ShaefiFer, George 
W. Stellwagon, Addison S. Seamon, And- 
rew Spear, Samuel Stichter, Augustus To- 
bergty, Solomon Ungstadt, Daniel Wolf, 
Thomas Whalen, Christian Wildt, Danjel 
Weldy, Henry Williamson, Jacob F. Werner, 
Henry Walhaller, Solomon Yarnall. 
Re-enlisted veterans and recruits, 1864 : 
Officers. — First lieutenant, James K. Helms ; 
• second, Henry E. Stichter. Sergeants — Henry 
C. Graeff, George Bowman, H. C. Burkhalter, 
H. Rothenberger, Albert R. Novinger, Wil- 
liam Timmons. Corporals — Botto Otto, 
Franklin Hoch, Walter P. Aims, Jonathan 
Deitrich, Philip Beckman, Franklin Dorward, 
Edward Lenhart, David Smith. Musicians 
— Charles Brobst, Jeremiah Meinder. Wago- 
ner, John W. Derr. 

Privates. — George Artz, Charles Amdt, 
James L. Baum, Chas. W. Baum, Orlando 
Baum, John B. Boyer, Joseph Buttinger, 
Jonathan Bower, John Brown, George S. 
Beissel, Patrick Covligan, Jackson L. Cas- 
per, G. W. H. Cooper, Jackson Derr, Levi 
Derr, John Dolan, Charles Deitrich, Lewis 
Deitrich, Daniel Deitrich, John Deitrich, 
James J. Dalious, Henry Dorward, Edward 
J. Ebert, Samuel Eppley, Solomon Eyster, 
Frank B. Graeff, Horatio Grim, George 
Hartz, Mattis Himan, Charles F. Hesser, 
John Hoover, Thomas Jones, Stacy John- 
ston, Isaiah Kline, Daniel Knarr, Jonathan 
Kauffman, Nathan Kessler, Samuel Kessler, 
James Klinger, Francis J. Krieger, Peter 

C. Krieger, John Kehler, Andrew Knit- 
tie, Jacob Klauser, Charles Kline, Joseph 
Lindemuth, Philip Lettrick, Jonas Miller, 
Gust. H. Miller, Zachary F. Moyer, Henry 

D. Moyer, William F. Moyer, David Maury, 
Daniel Merwine, James Nolan, Daniel Okom, 

Jonathan Okom, Simon Ritter, Jonas Z. 
Raber, Samuel Reeser, William Ryan, P. 
L. Strausser, Alfred J. Stichter, Frank B. 
Shriver, William H. Smith, David Williams, 
William H. Williams, Daniel Weldy, Amos 
Walbridge, Daniel Wolf, William Weikel, 
John D. Weikel, Samuel Wenrich, Aaron B. 
Wagner, Solomon Yamell, Joseph Zeigler, 
Elias Zimmerman, Albert Bean, James Brad- 
ley, Michael Connelly, Henry Dentzer, Wil- 
liam Goodflech, Henry Geist, William Hess, 
George Kain, George W. Knoll, Daniel Kistar, 
Elias Kahlcr, Thomas McCormick, Levi 
Montgomer>-, Edward McGuire. John Mus- 
cott, Richard B. McBride, Simon Rittef, Chas. 
Schollenberger, Jacob V.. Schmidt, Emanuel 
Straub, Michael Whalen, Matthew W. Wolf- 

Company E. 

Officers. — Captain, William Winlack. First 
lieutenant, William Cullen; second, Thomas 
Bohannan. Sergeants — Joseph H. Fisher, 
John Seaward, Johnson Stafford, Thomas Tosh, 
William Trainer. Corporals — John McElrath, 
James Brennen, Michael Landy, Samuel Cle- 
mens, James May, William Clemens, David 
McAllister, William Macky. Drummer, Geo. 
Latham. Fifer, John Cameron. Wagoner, 
John McSorley. 

Privates. — Alfred Barlow, James Burger, 
James Brown, John Becker, John Brennen, 
Michael Bohannan, Samuel A. Beddall, James 
Breslin, Michael Brennen, Thomas Brennan, 
John Burns, John Breadbent, Lewis Buler, 
Solomon Berger, John Burns, Richard Coogan, 
Peter Cresson, Jefferson Canfield, Michael De- 
vine, John Doe, Henry Dooling, Michael 
Delany, John Dooly, John Duneho, James 
Ervin, John Ferguson, James Farrel, James 
Greener, John Garrison, Thomas Griffith, 
John Greiner, William Hyland, P'ritz Henry^ 



Gotleib Henry, John Jones, William Jenkins, 
William Jefferson, Elijah Knight, Joseph Lord, 
Henry Lord, Patrick Lynch, James Mc- 
Laughlin, David Morgan, William Morgan, 
John Mercer, John McFreely, G. McNeely, 
Sr., G. McNeely, Jr., Thomas Major, John 
Martin, Edward Murphy, James Miller, Wil- 
liam Miller, John McGrath, Robert McRay, 
John McSorby, William Morse, Michael Mc- 
Allister, William Morgan, John Penman, Rob- 
ert Penman, Michael Poet, James Purcil, Wil- 
liam Poet, Robert Patton, Patrick Rogers, 
William Robertson, James Rogers, Daniel E. 
Reedy, Samuel Seward, John Sunderland, 
James Smith, John Schrader, James Simpson, 
John Spousler, Alfred Trainer, Robert Thomp- 
son, David Williams, John Walker. 

Re-enlisted veterans and recruits, 1864: 
Officers. — Captain, William Winlack. First 
lieutenant, Thomas Bohannan ; second, Chas. 
A. Schnerr. Sergeants — John C. McElrath, 
James May, Williams C. Cinens, Thomas 
Tosh, David McAllister. , Corporals — Samuel 
Clemens, Samuel Beddell, Patrick Lynch, 
James Greener, William J. Morgan, Robert 
Penman, John Mercer, John Penman. Musi- 
cians — George Latham, George J. Heisler, 
Wagoner, William Jefferson. 

Privates. — Henry Auman, Frank Boyer, 
Daniel Boyer, Joshua Boyer, 'Daniel D. Bar- 
nett, Robert Beverage, Michael Brennan, Mi- 
chael Bohannan, James Brown, John Bren- 
nan, Patrick Brennan, James Conners, Lind- 
sey H. Campbell, Albert Cumings, Thomas 
Clemens, John Clemens, Jerome Castle, 
John DeFrain, Cornelius Dress, Thomas 
Devine, Robert Devine, John Dooley, 
Archibald Dunlap, John Danagh, William 
Evens, William Evens, Thomas Evens, Law- 
rence Farrell, William J. Fagan, Valentine 
Frantz, Patrick Grant, Martin Gutschall, Wil- 

liam Gaynor, WiUiam Hodget, Thomas Hob- 
wood, Isaac Hardee, Thomas Hall, John 
Jones, George A. James, William C. James, 
John Judge, William B. Kane, Alexandria 
Kelly, Michael Landry, Joseph H. Lord, John 
Lyons, Timothy Leary, George McMily, 
Robert McElrath, William McElrath, David 
Morgan, John Murry, John Major, James 
Mercer, William Mullen, Robert Meredith, Jr., 
Robert Meredith, Sr., Thomas McGee, James 
McLaughlin, James Meighan, John McRay, 
Thomas McClennan, John McSorely, Edward 
McGinnis, Michael Muir, Mungo Penman, 
John D. Pocket, Htenry Pierce, David Quinn, 
Charles Quinn, David E. Reedy, Patrick 
Rodgers, Williarii Reasons, James Regan, 
Daniel Ramsey, Abraham Sigmund, George 
Stout, James Shields, Alfred Spotts, Wil- 
liam Simmers, George W. Schaeffer, Robert 
B. Thompson, Thomas Whaland, Benjamin 
Woomer, David Williams, Anthony Wade, 
John Watson, Jeremiah Weaver, William 
Young, Archibald Dunlop, George J. Heisler, 
Michael Muir, Robert Meredith, Charles 
Blanck, Joseph Clemens, Thomas Carby, John 
Dunlop, Edward Daley, Austin Gaynor, Thos. 
Hays, George Loesby, John Lowry, Daniel 
McGeary, William Murphy, William Mullen, 
James Norton, John O'Neil, Christian Walter, 
James Whalen. 

Company F. 
Officers. — Captain, Joseph H. Hoskins. 
First lieutenant, Henry James ; second, John 
L. Williams. Sergeants— John W. Jenkins, 
William E. Taylor, Charles W. Haines, James 
A. Easton, Henry Reese. Corporc^ls — Henry 
Jenkins, Jeremiah Griffiths, William S. Red- 
ner, William Hopkins, Joseph Gould, George 
N. Douden, David Griffith. Musicians — 
John Lawrence, David Fulton. 

Privates.— ]a,mes Andrews, Albert Adam 



John Brown, Charles Boyer, William Brere- 
ton, William Ball, John Devlin, Jr., Isaac 
Dando, John Devine, Samuel Dunkerly, 
George Edwards, James W. Evans, William 
Fulton, Richard Francis, James Glenn, Ed- 
ward Griffith, Cyrus Haynes, Francis Jones, 
William T. Jones, Wiliiam Jenkins, Michael 
Killrain,William Labenburg, Jonathan Leffler, 
John Lencia, Richard Littlehales, Thomas 
Leyshorn, Thomas Lloyd, Thomas Mooney, 
Patrick Monaghan, John Morrissey, John 
McGee, John J. Morrison, Morgan P. Owens, 
Robert D. Padden, John Powell, Edward G. 
Pugh, James Paully, John Phillips, Patrick 
Quinn, Peter Quinn, William Sedgwick, Wil- 
liam Straw, John Starr, Thomas J. Thomas, 
Thomas Thomas, Stephen Taggart, Charles 
Treisbach, Evan Thomas, Thomas E. Taylor, 
Richard Williams, William J. Wells, Robert 
Wallace, William D. Williams, John Wilson, 
Daniel S. Wolff. 

Re-enlisted veterans and recruits, 1864: 
Officers. — Captain, Joseph II. Hoskins. 
I'irst Lieutenant, Henry James; second, John 
L. Williams. Sergeants— James A. Easton, 
Henry Reese, Joseph Gould, Richard Hop- 
kins, George Edwards, Charles \\ . Haines. 
Corporals — Robert D. Padden, William J. 
Wells, Patrick Monaghan, John Powell, Aus- 
tin Farrow, Robert Wallace, Isaac Barto, 
Samuel Glenn. Musicians— John Lawrence, 
David Fulton. Wagoner, William Holsey. 

Privates. — Isaac Ackley, James Andrews, 
William Ackenbach, Richard M. Adams, Wil- 
liam Ball, James Brennan, James Brennan, 
Patrick Boren, Murtough Brennan, James 
Bradley, Wm. Burland, James Bambrick. \\"m. 
Bush, Anthony Carroll, Thomas Curry, 
William Carroll, Patrick Carroll, John Car- 
roll, James Carr, John A. Crawford, John 
Crawford, Samuel Dunkerly, John Devine, 

William E. Duffy, John Devlin, Simon Devlin. 
William H. Davis, Elijah Defrehn, Henry 
Dillman, Thomas Davis, John E. Davis, Pat- 
rick Dolan, David Davis, John Eddy, Wil- 
liam Fulton, Henry Ferrick, Joseph Finley, 
Thomas Garlan, David Griffiths, John Cirif- 
fiths, Henry C. Heisler, John Hosgood, 
Henry Holsey, James Houte, Hamilton 
Hause, Cyrus Haines, Thomas James, 
George H. Jones, Samp'.dn Jenkins, David 
T. Kriegcr, Jacob Kulins, George W. Kohler, 
William H. Kohler, 1). Lewis, John 
Lyng, I'ctL-r Litohfield, (."ornclius I.c.iry, 
Thomas Lyshon, Isaac Lewis, John I.,iu- 
Icss, Michael Lavell, John Morriss)-, John 
McCiLC, Thomas .Murplu', Israel M. inning, 
James Murphy. David McElvic, William 
Moore, George Mandcrs, James W. Manning, 
John McVay, Henry McCann, Patrick Mallen, 
William Murphy, James Paully, I iugh Pick- 
ford, Edward G. Pugh, John Philips, I-'raiik 
Queeny, Edward J. Robson, John J., 
George Ramer, Michael Ryan, (ieorj;e .Sheri- 
dan, George W. Stellwagon, William Smith, 
Edward L. Shissler, Timothy Schaefier, Hor- 
ace F. Straub, Thomas M. Thomas, David V. 
Thiel, William E. Taylor, Edward Turner, 
.\ndro\v Werner, Michael Welsh, Richard 
Williams, Lewis Woods, Edward R. West, 
Michael Wilson, Benjamin K W iest, Thomas 
J. Williams, Augustus II. Witman, Robert 
Wallace, Thomas Wilson, David Miller, 
John Miller, Thomas Broderick, Jacob F" 
Ferree, Hugh Glackcn, Elias Shell, John 
Wallace, Thomas Wardrop. 

Company G. 

Officers. — QA^txwi, Philip Nagle. lust 

lieutenant, Cyrus .Shcetz ; second, ( tliver C. 

Bosbyshell. Sergeants: Henry C. Jackson, 

Richard M Jones, Robert Smith, Theodore 



F. Patterson, Reuben Reeser. Corporals : 
James C. Neis, William Auman, Curtis C. 
Pollock, Charles F. Kuentzler, Charles B. 
Evans, George Fame, William Martin, Ed- 
ward H. Sillyman. Drummer, Samuel E. 
Banghart. Fifer, James Auman. Wagoner, 
Henry Hablery. 

Privates. — William P. Atkinson, Lawrence 
Brennan, Michael Brennan, David P. Brown, 
Louis A. Bright, Henry Burnish, Joel Betz, 
Patrick Cummings, Michael Clark, Thomas 
Clark, John S. Clements, James Chadwick, 
Daniel Donne, Philip L. Deihl, John Delaney, 
Henry Doolin, Henry Dentzer, David Eberly, 
Clement Evans, Edward Flanagan, John 
Fame, William Freeman, John Galligen, Wil- 
liam P. Gillingham, Washington J. Glassmire, 
John Grace, Alexander Govern, Jr., Andrew 
Galigen, John P. Hodgson, John Hutton 
John Humble, Charles H. Hazzard, William 
H. Harden, John W. Jones, John P. Kuentz- 
ler, Henry Krebs, John Kagle, Charles 
Loeser, Jr., James Muldowney, William A. 
Beidleman, Joseph Bell, John R. Brown, 
Mathusalem Berger, John Becker, William 
Maurer, Edward Murphy, Joel A. Mark, 
George Meyer, William Mason, John Mul- 
downy, Edward McCabe, Henry W. Nagle, 
Patrick Nash, Abraham Nagle, Edward F. 
Owens, John Pugh, William Price, Louis 
Quinn, John Rogers, Robert Reed, Patrick 
Ryan, Adam Eeed, Valentine G. Raush, 
Josiah A. Reed, John H. Smith, William 
Smith, John Shaw, William Stevenson, Ed- 
ward Sykes, William Strauser, Monroe T. 
Schrefifler, Daniel Small, Charles Timmons, 
John Toben, George Traub, Jr., Jonathan 
Wallingham, John Wonders, Henry Yerger. 
Re-enlisted veterans and recruits, 1864 : 
Officers. — Captain, Oliver C. Bosbyshell. 
First lieutenant, Curtis C. Pollock; second. 

Henry C. Jackson. Sergeants — Richard M. 
Jones, Robert Smith, William Auman, Charles 
F. Kuentzler, Charles B. Evans. Corporals — 
George Fame, Edward H. Sillyman, Edward 
Flanagan, John W. Smith, Daniel Dowyne, 
Monroe Schreffler, Alexander Govan. Musi- 
cians — David Eberle, Samuel Banghart. 
Wagoner, Jacob Dietrick. 

Privates. — James Auman, Wiljiam P. At- 
kinson, John Armstrong, Abraham Abra- 
hams, James Allison, John Becker, John R. 
Brown, David P. Brown, Robert D. Brown, 
Daniel Boyer, Patrick Boyle, Michael Clark, 
Joseph Cheatham, Patrick Cunningham, An- 
drew Colihan, Charles Clark, John Drobel, 
Harrison Dates, John Delaney, Patrick Daley, 
Clay W. Evans, William Farney, James 
Frazier, John Frazier, B. Flickenger, J. Galli- 
gan, Patrick Galligan, Matthias Goodman, 
Jacob Gwinner, Nicholas Gross, Patrick Grant, 
John Humble, Adam Hendley, John P. Hodg- 
son, J. Howard Jones, John P. Kuentzler, 
John Kautter, Henry Krebs, Jr., David Lech- 
ler, George W. Lawrence, William Maurer, 
William Martin, Charles H. May, Jonathan 
Moyer, Win field S. McDaniels, Patrick Nash, 
Peter Norrigang, John Ragang, John Rep- 
pert, Dewald Schrow, James Sennett, Christian 
Schaeffer, William Shaw, Patrick Savage, 
William Slatterly, William Stall, Patrick 
Smith, James R. Spencer, William Simpson, 
John Wright, Adolphus Walbridge, William 
Williams, Peter Carl, Patrick Galligan, Charles 
Laub, John Rudolph, Joel Frederick. 

Company H. 
Oj^c^rj.— Captain, Joseph H. Gilmour. First 
lieutenant,William J. Hinkle; second, Edward 
C. Baird. Sergeants— Daniel D. McGinnes, 
Samuel M. Ruch, Alexander S. Bowen, 
Thomas J. Rose, William T. Garrett. Cor- 


porals — Charles C. Hinkle, Samuel B. Lau- 
benstein, James R. Hetherington, Raymond 

A. Jenkins, Alba C. Thompson, William 
Brown, David B. Brown, Joseph Reed. Mu- 
sicians — Andrew J. Snyder, Martin Acorn. 
Wagoner, Charles Kyer. 

Privates. — Albert Adams, Lewis Aurand, 
John Baer, John E. Benedict, Crawford Ben- 
nie, Henry Bensteel, William H. Berlie, 
George M. Christian, William H. Dreibelbeis, 
William Davis, Charles Driesbach, Richard 
Edwards, Charles Eberly, George T. Eisen- 
huth, David Everly, John Engel, Charles 
Focht, Samuel Fryberger, Henry Fery, Rich- 
ard Forney, Alfred C. porney, Albert Hart- 
line, John M. Howell, Richard Hopkins, 
William Huber, John H. C. Heffner, Anthony 
Herbert, John E. Kalbach, Valentine Kimmell, 
Francis D. Krebs, William Lloyd, Franklin 
Leib, Edward M. Leib, George W. Mowry, 
Henry C. Mathews, John F. Kleingiiina, 
Thomas Kelly, Benjamin Kohler, William V. 

B. Kimmel, Charles Knarr, Daniel Lauer, 
William Loeser, William A. Lloyd, William 
D. Lloyd, Horace Lloyd, Bernhard McGuire, 
James Marshall, William A. Millet, Conrad 
Miller, Daniel Moser, James MulhoUand, Jo- 
seph Metz, Charles Metz, James Marshall, Jo- 
seph Metzinger, William Nagle. Charles Nor- 
rigan, Daniel Ohnmacht, Samuel Petit, Henry 
Parensteel, August Reese, William Reese, 
Peter Radelberger, John W. Ray, Michael 
Scott, Thomas H. Sillyman, Isaac L. Schmehl, 
George Schilthorn, John A. Sponsaler, Henry 
Shay, David A. Smith, Peter Smith, James 
Wentzell, Henry Williams, Josiah F. Wilder- 
muth, Joseph Weise, Jacob Wagner, Jacob A. 
Whitman, John Winlaw, Jacob Weise. 

Re-enlisted veterans and recruits, 1864: 
Officers. — Captain, William J. Hinkle. First 
lieutenant, Alexander S. Bowen; second, 

! Samuel B. Laubenstine. Sergeants — Alba C. 

; Thompson, Thomas H. Sillyman, Peter Rad- 

I elberger, Henry Bemsteel, Daniel Moser, 
David B. Brown (sergeant-major). Corporals 

I — Henry Foy, Anthony Herbert, Charles 

I Norrigan, Charles Focht, William Burlee, 
William A. Lloyd, Henry C. Matthews, Jacob 
A. Whitman. Musicians — Andrew J. Snyder, 
James Marshall. Wagoner, George W. Chris- 

Privates. — Lewis Aurand, Charles Aurand, 
Joseph Alexander, Martin Acorn, Crawford 
Bennie, John Baer, Isaac Bannon, James Bat- 
dorf, James MulhoUand, Joseph Metz, Charles 
Meter, Edward Metz, Charles DeLong, Wil- 
liam Donnelly, John Donnelly, Morris Everly, 
Charles Eberle, Edward Edwards, Joseph 

i Edwards, George T. Eisenhuth, Charles Fet- 
terman, Isaac Fetterman, Emanuel Fox, Sam- 
uel Fryberger. Alfred C Forney, John Galla- 
gher, Anthony Gallagher, Thomas Gannon, 
John M. Howell, John H. C. Heffner, William 
11. Haley, Jcseph S. Hayes, Philip Heffron, 

\ George Halladcy, David Baker. William Barr, 
John C. Benedict, Abraham Benscoter, Harri- 
son Bright. Daniel R. Bright, Thomas Beagley, 

j Jefferson W. Beyerly, James Wentsell.vjames, John Wineland, F. Josiah Wilder- 
muth, Jacob Weise, Anthony Yeick, Job 
Hirst, James R. Hetherington, William Huber, 

\ John Jennings, Harry Jones, William V. B. 

I Kimmel, Frank Krebs, John F. Kalbach, John 

i F. Klienginna, Benjamin Koller, Lewis W. 

i Kopp, Charles Kyer, William Loeser, Daniel 
Lauer, George E. Lewis, William D. Lloyd, 
John Lloyd, Arthur Murphy, Joseph Moore, 
George W. Morey, John Carroll, Henry F. 
Christian, Joseph Chester, Daniel Cooke, 
John Cruikshank, Thomas Davis, Albert 
Davis, William Davis, Joseph Metzinger, 
Michael Melarkey, Conrad Miller, Adam 



Moy; Daniel Ohnmacht, John H. Olewine, 
Michael O'Brien, Anthony O'Donnell, Thomas 
Palmer, John Pritchard, John W. Ray, Henry 
Reb, David Slenker, Reuben Snyder, William 
Schnieder, John Stevenson, Samuel T. Skeen, 
Thomas Severn, John Spears, Michael Scott, 
George Shilthorn, Peter Smith, Henry Shay, 
Ambrose. H'- Titus, Jonathan Tillett, George 
Uhl, Henry Craw, George Hallady, James D. 
Hetherington, John Judge, Thomas Lloyd, 
Jacob Miller, William Price, George M. Raup, 
John Road, Josiah W. Thompson, Alexander 
Bennie, Thomas Evans, John Graber, Will- 
oughby Lentz, Michael Mulloohy, Peter Mc- 
Canna, John Muntitude, Thomas Smith. 

Company I. 
Officers. — Captain, John R. Porter. First 
lieutenant, George H, Gressang; second, 
Michael M. Kistler. Sergeants — Benjamin B. 
Schuck, Francis D. Koch, Samuel F. Kehl, 
Theodore Pletz, Hugh Koch. Corporals — 
Edward Shappell, Eli McCord, Jacob Ung- 
stadt, Harrison H. Hill, Oliver H. J. Davis, 
Benjamin B. Kershner, Joseph Edwards, 
Charles E. Weaver. Musicians — Allen Koch, 
William Faust. 

Privates. — Isaac Arnold, Francis Allebach, 
Isaac Arndt, Josiah Barringer, Isaac Beltz, 
Alexander Boone, Anthony K. Beltz, Isaac K. 
Beltz, Jacob W. Bach man, Francis Boner, 
Harrison Bunce, John F. Bachman, Daniel S. 
Boyer, Thomas Coombe, Charles Curtis, John 
Clark, Elias Dresh, Lewis Douglass, William 
F. Eddinger, Levi Fisher, Eli Foust, Lewis 
V. Focht, Nathan Furman, John De Frehn, 
William Fenstermacher, Jacob Gangloff, Jo- 
seph Gilbert, Daniel Glase, William Halsey, 
Benjamin Hoffman, Frederick Henry, James 
Heiser, Josiah Hein, Barnard A. Houser, 
Jonas Haldeman, Wesley Knittle, Franklin 

Kramer, Elias Kehl, Charles N. Kretter, Peter 
Keller, Josiah Kramer, Henry Keyman, George 
Klase, Daniel Klase, Charles R. Koch, 
Henry W. Kreter, Israel Kramer, Hezekiah 
Link, Charles F. Leiser, Charles S. Leiser, 
John Moser, James McReynolds, William 
Miller, John E. Moyer, Charles H. Millet, 
James Millet, William Munberger, William 
Owens, Henry Reinhart, Henry Reinhard, 
James Reynolds, Conrad Reich, Rudolph 
Rumble, Jacob H. Rumble, Franklin Reigel, 
George Schertle, Augustus Shulther, Christian 
Seward, Luke Swain, William S. Snyder, 
George Sassaman, Elias Thresh, Alfred 
Trainer, John Unbenhocker, Benneville Wil- 
liams, William Weiers, FrankUn Yost, Benja- 
min Zimmerman. 

Re-enlisted veterans and recruits, 1864: 
Officers. — Captain, B. B. Schuck. . First 
lieutenant, Joseph Edwards; second, Francis 
D. Koch. Sergeants — Oliver Davis, Luke 
Swain, Jacob Ongstodt, Frank Allebach, 
James McReynolds. Corporals — George W. 
Klase, Henry W. Crater, Wesley Knittle, 
Benjamin Williams, Elias C. Kehl. Musi- 
cians — William Faust, Jacob Bechman. Wag- 
oner, Israel Kramer. 

Privates. — Isaac Beltz, Isaac K. Beltz, 
Frank Boner, Herman Buntz, John F. Bech- 
man, John Brown, Cyrus Derrick, John 
Daleus, Benjamin Drehrer, S. T. De Frehn, 
George Dresh, Martin Dooley, David Deitz, 
John Dietz, Abraham Eisenhower, William 
Engel, Henry J. Ege, John Frehn, Lewis 
Fauss, Albert Fritz, Nathan Fourman, Joseph 
Gilbert, Henry Goodman, Lewis J. Garber, 
David Garber, Charies H. Good, Josiah Hein, 
Henry H. Hill, Frederick Henry, James 
Heiser, B. A. Houser, Charies W. Horn, 
Washington Horn, Samuel Hollister, Thomas 
Jones, William F. Beyerick, Daniel Bankis, 


James Boner, Lewis Blablehamer, John Bar- 
ron, Charles Curlis, Peter Keller, B. B. Kersh- 
ner, Daniel J. Kehl, Samuel F. Kehl, Hugh 
Koch, Charles R. Koch, Allen Koch, William 
Kramer, Charles S. Leiser, Charles Linde- 
muth, John Link, Adam Lengert, Henry 
Madenfort, Lucien Monbeck, Albert Mack, 
Jonathan Mowrey, John R. M auger, Barney 
McArdle, John S. Moyer, William Marberger, 
Daniel Neyer, Samuel Neiswender, Henry A 
Neyman, Nathan Neifert, William Owens, 
William J. Price, Theodore Peltz, John Clark, 
John H. Cooper, Patrick Crowe, Joseph Cobus, 
Elias Dresh, Charles DeLong, Conrad Reich, 
Rudolph Rumbel, Amos Rumbel, Henry 
Reinhard, Albert Reinhard, Frank Reigei, 
Frank E. Ringer, Thomas J. Reed, William 
Reppert, Jacob Reichwern, Christian Seward, 
Henry Shappell, Thomas Schall, William ¥ 
Scheur, Edward Shoener, Joseph Shoener, 
William F. Snyder, Mad. K. Smith, William 
Tyson, John Umbenhocker, William Weiers, 
William Wheeler, Jerry Willower, Charles C 
Wagner, Reuben Watt, Frank \'ost, Benja- 
min Zimmerman, Albert Zimmerman, Wesley 
Boyer, Samuel Freed, Jacob Neyman, Matthew 
Cooper, James Costello, Thomas Griffith, John 
Lees, Parker Lance, Robert Martin, August 
Reinhart, Jacob Shappell, William Smith, 
John F. Tobias. 

Company K. 

Officers. — Captain, Henry A. M. Filbert. 
First lieutenant, Isaac F. Brannon ; second, 
Jacob Douty. Sergeants — Francis A. Stitzer, 
Patrick F. Quinn, Thomas Irvin. Corporals 
— Daniel Moser, Thomas Brcnnan, Patrick 
Hanley, Francis Jones, George J. Weaver, 
Charles D. Boyer, James Moran, George ^I. 
Dengler. Musicians — William Straw, John 
M. Brown. 
Privates. — David Boyer, Peter Boyer, John 

Berger, Joseph Burgess, Peter Burke, Daniel 
Bausum, Michael Brennan, John Brawn, Wil- 
liam Bull, Isaac F. Brannan, James Brennan. 
Joseph Chatham, Michael Clarey, John A 
Crawford, John Carr, John Campfield, Thomas 
Curry, John Cary, John Dechant, George 
Dentzer, William H Dress, David R. Dress, 
David D. Dress, Jonathan Dress, William D. 
Dress, Charles Dress, Albin Day, James Day. 
Jr., Frederick H. Day. Michael Delany, James 
Dullard, Nelson Drake, William Doubert, 
Adam Engly, Richard Edwards, Horatio 
Edinger, F^dward Fidwards, David Fenster- 
macher, William Fenstermacher, Elias Fen- 
stermacher, Lorenzo Focht, Arthur Gray, 
Christian Haertler, Adam Hendley, Nathaniel 
Houser, Hugh B. Harkins, Howard W Haas, 
James Cavanagh, David Long, William Lau- 
bcnstcin, John Lowler, Jesse Lord, Charles 
Long, William Labenberg, John Lawrence, 
Jacob Lettcrman, Lewis Maul, Philip Mc- 
Kcivcr, John Murphy. George V Mains, 
Henry McDermot. J.imcs McDonald, Michael 
Mullin, Daniel Moscr, Daniel Omncht, Ed- 
ward V. Payne, William T. Reed, William 
Richards, John Rees, John Raber, Xatlian 
Rich, Franklin Simon, Frederick W. Snyder, 
David H. Stitzer, Henry Shultz, John Sher- 
man, Daniel Shanely, John Starr, Hiram 
Spears, Adam Scherman, Peter Stine, Edward 
Shappell, Thomas Toban, John Wool, John 
Widner, John Weaver. 

Re-enlisted veterans and recruits, 1864: 
Officers. — Captain, Isaac F. Brannon. First 
lieutenant, James Douty; second, Francis A. 
Stitzer. Sergeants — Thomas Irwin, John C. 
HinchclifT, George M. Dengler, William Lau- 
benstine, Christ X. Haertler. Corporals — 
George J. Weaver, John Degant, David II. 
Stitzer, Horatio Edinger, Daniel F. Bausum, 
JohnC. Berger, Henry Shultz, John M. Brown- 



Musicians — William Straw, Henry Yost, Wag- 
oner, Warren Carey. 

Privates, — Martin Adams, John Adaman, 
Samuel Bossier, Nicholas Delaney, Albin Day, 
John F. Dentzer, David R. Dress, Nelson 
Drake, William H. Dress, Edward Edwards, 
Franklin Ehly, Jacob Ebert, Thomas Fough- 
erty, Fertenline Felty, Elias Fenstermacher, 
Henry Fenstermacher, Arthur L. Gray, John 
Gillenger, George H. Gross, Henry Grim, 
Howard W. Haas, Wellington P. Haas, Nathan 
Houser, David Houser, Thomas E. Hudson,' 
William -Heisser, Simon Hoffman, Joseph 
Burgess, John Bartolet, Wesley Belford, John 
W. Henn, Allen Hine, Daniel Haas, Hugh B. 
Harkins, John Jones, Francis Koch, John 
King, James Kavanaugh, Benjamin F. Kline, 
Charles Long, Lewis Lebengood, Henry Lord, 
John Little, Thomas Leonard, Lewis Lucken- 
bill, Jacob Lauby, John N. Lauer, Lewis A. 
Moul, John C. Moul, Wilson W. Miller, John 
Mulhall, George F. Morgan, John Murphy, 
Philip McKeaver, Richard Bartolet, Michael 
Cashan, Jonathan Dress, Milton Nagle, Charles 
Osterhout, Edward P. Payne, David H. Phillips, 
William F. Pelton, John Patry, William T. 
Reed, Henry Reader, Jeremiah Reed, Nathan 
Rick, William P. Shaffer, Augustus Shollen- 
berger, Oliver W. Schwartz, George Showers, 
Frederick W. Snyder, Gottlieb Schack, Casper 
Shut, John A. Sherman, Paul Snyder, Henry 
Trough, Paul White, John Widner, Andrew 
Weaber, Ephraim Whetstone, Michael Cashan, 
Jacob Ebert, Henry Fenstermacher, Benja- 
min F. Kline, Paul Snyder, John Bouseman, 
Daniel Fenstermacher, Amos Homan, Joseph 


In the Battles of Bui,i, Run (Second) and 

Killed.—^. D. Filbert, Co. R; Samuel 

Petitt, Co. H ; Thomas Kelly, Co. H ; William 

Hopkins, Co. F ; William Nagle, Co. H ; 

Charles T. Leiser, Co. I ; Paul White, Co. K. 

Wounded. — Lieutenant J. D. Bertolette, Act. 

A. Adj. Gen. Company A : George Albright, 
William Betz, Elias Britton, George Miller, 
Andrew Neely. Company B : Thomas John- 
son, Bassler, Freshly, John Lucid, 

Nicholas Shiterour. Company C : Thomas 
Whalen, Jonas Gerger, Solomon Strausser, 
James Low, Edward Brennan. Company D : 
H. P. Owens, John W. Derr, Frank Dorward, 
Henry Gotshall, George Hartz, Philip H. 
Kantner, Peter C. Kreiger, David T. Kreiger, 
Company E: J. H. Fisher, John Cameron, 
Michael Bohannan, James Bergain, Sr., James 
Bergain, Jr., John Becker, Henry Lord, Abra- 
ham Klekner, Robert Thompson, William 
Moose. Company F : Henry Jenkins, George 
N. Douden, Stephen Taggart, John Powel, 
Thomas Lloyd, William Jenkins. Company 
G: Charles Evans, M. Berger, John Grace, 
James Muldowney, Lewis Quinn, Joshua Reed, 
William Smith, John Shaw, John Wonders, 
John Willingham. Company H : William 
Dreiblebis, J. T. Wildermuth, George T. 
Eisenhuth, George W. Christian. Company I : 

B. F. Kershner, Rudolph Rumble. Company 
K : Eli Fenstermacher, James Day, Milton 
Ludwig, James Cavanagh, James Dullard, 
Joseph Burgess. 

Missing. — Company A : B. G. Otto, John 

Taylor, Brobst, Israel- Britton, Henry 

Davis, William H. Koch, George Livingston, 
Daniel Leiser, Joel Marshall, Morgan Simon, 
John Leiser, John Springer, F. W. Simon. 
Company B : Philip Hughes, William Brad- 
ley, Henry Copeland, John Evans, L. M. 
Reece, Joseph Rahny, Samuel Stanley. Com- 
pany C : O. C. Hatch, John Rorety, John 
Wiser, Barney Gettley, Murt. Brennan, John 


Jones, William Larkin. Company D : William 
Bambreck, George Ramer, Leonard Shrishorn, 
J. T. Vankamon, William Timmons, Mattis 
Bailey, Eli Derr, Isaiah Kline, Joseph Kuhns, 
Charles Miller, Boto Otto. Company E: 
Stafford Johnson, D. McAllister, Alfred Bar- 
low, Jef. Canfield, James Farrell, James 
Greener, Joseph Lord, Thomas Major, John 
McSorley, Michael Brennan, Hugh McFeely, 
Simon Moyer. Company F: Thomas J. 
Thomas, John J. Morrison, John Morrisey, 
Samuel Dunkroly, Peter Quinn, John Devine, 
Michael Kilbrain, Richard Littlehales, Thomas 
Lyston, John Haggerty. Company G : H. 
C. Jackson, Joel Betz, John Fame. Company 
H : Samuel W. Ruch, Thomas H. Sillyman, 
John E. Benedict, William Huber, Daniel 
Laner, John W. Ray, Isaac L. Schmehl. 
Company I : Theodore Pletz, Christopher 
Seward, H, Link. Company K : H. M. Fil- 
bert, Thomas Brennan, Patrick Hanley, David 
Boyer, W. D. Dress, Daniel Shanely, W. Fen- 
stermacher, Hiram Spears, William T. Reed, 
William Lavenberger. 

South Mountain. 

Wounded. — William Clark, Company C ; 
Jeremiah Griffith, Company F ; George Brigle, 
Company A : J. Kline, Company D ; James 
McElrath, Company C ; James Paully, Com- 
pany F ; John F. Balbach, Company H ; 
Michael Scott, Company H ; Benjamin Hoff- 
man, Company I ; Israel Kramer, Company 
I ; John F. Bochman, Company I. 

Missing. — Martin Foley, Company G. 


Killed. — William Cullen, Company E; 

Lewis A. Focht, Company I ; Daniel Moser, 

Company K ; Alexander Prince, Company B ; 

Alva F. Jeffries, Company D; John Broad - 

bent. Company F; Charles Timmons, Com- 
pany G ; George Dentzer, Company K. 

Wounded. — Company A : H. H. Prince, 
Charles Krieger, B. F. Dreiblebis, George 
Beltz, John Whitaker. Company B: Mat- 
thew Hume, Frederick Knittle, Lorentus 
Moyer, John Robison, John R. Simpson. 
Company C : William Clark, Edward Mona- 
han, Samuel Wallace, James Gribons, Robert 
Rodgers, James Horn, Henry Dersh, John 

Dougherty, John Shenk. Company D : 

Rothenberger, George Artz, Walter P. Aimes, 
James Evans, John Stillwagon, George \V. 
Stillwagon, Samuel Stichler, Franklin Hoch. 
Company E : John Seward, William Trainor, 
John McElrath. Company F: John W. Jen- 
kins, William E. Taylor. Company G: Charles 
F. Kuentzler, John Pugh, John Rodgers, 
Henry W. Vogle. Company H : Richard 
Forney, Jacob A. Witman, Daniel Ohnmacht, 
William Davis, Samuel Fryberger. Company 
I : M. M. Kistler, Charles Millet, Peter Keller, 
Matthew Freeman. Company K : P. F. 
Quinn, David Fenstermacher, Edward Payne, 
Francis Simon, John Shaw, Peter Boyer. 

Killed. — Henry Williamson, Company D ; 
I Reuben Robinson, James Williams, Company 

A; Michael Devine, Company B; John Wil- 
I liams, Company B ; William Hill, Company 
! B ; Thomas Kinney, Company D. 
I Wounded. — fcompany A : Joseph B. Carter, 

William F. Heiser. Company B : John S. 
i Wood, N. W. Major, William Brown, Clem- 
I ents Betzlei-, Carey Heaton, Philip Carling. 

Company C: Henry Weiser, Samuel Harri- 
'. son, Charles Walker, Andrew Scott, Michael 

McGloughlin, John Murray. Company D: 

John H. Derr, H. C. Burkholter. Company 
I F : Michael Sandy, Samuel Clemens, Robert 



Hughes, Edward Murphy, John Sunderland. 
Company F: David Griffith, Evan W. 
Thomas, Wilh'am Fulton. Company G : 
James C. Nies, Daniel Drum, John Tobin. 
Company H : Joseph A. Gil'mour, Alba C. 
Thompson, Valentine Kinswell. Company I : 
Francis D. Koch, James Miller, Wilson 
Kearns, Edward F. Shapelle, Jacob Gongluff, 
Charles E. Weaver, Anthony Beltz, Joseph 
Gilbert, Elias Faust. Company K : John 
Curry, Thomas Curry, Frank Simon, Michael 

Missing. — George Ayrgood, Company A. 

Siege of Knoxville, November and December, 

Killed. — Company H : Joseph Reed, John 
Sponsler, Joseph Werse. Company I : Jonas 
Haldeman, Charles Weaver. 

Wounded. — Company C : Martin Tobin. 
Company F : Austin Farrow. Company G : 
Henry C. Jackson. Company H : J. F. Wil- 
dermuth. Company I: James Heiser. Com- 
pany K: Jacob Douhy. John Murphy. 

Missing. — George A. Livingston, Company 
A; Daniel Root, Company B; Robert Mc- 
Elrath, Company C ; James Brennan, Com- 
pany E ; Isaac Amdt, Company I ; J. R. 
Sherman, Company K. 


Killed. — Company A: Lewis M. Robin- 
hold, Isaac Otto, John J. Huntzinger, Abel C. 
T. St. Clair. Company B: David J. Davis, 
Matthew Hume, Frederick Knittle, Laurentius 
C. Moyer, Daniel Wary, John Deitz. Com- 
pany C: Daniel Brown. Company D: Jona- 
than Kaufman. Company E: Lawrence Far- 
rell. Company F : David F. Thiel, John 
Morrissey, Lewis Woods, Richard Williams. 
Company G : H. C. Jackson, William Wil- 

liams. Company H : Abraham Benscoter. 
Company I : Henry J. Ege. Company K : 
John W. Henn. 

Wounded. — Company A: A. C. Huckey, 
Charles Brandenburg, Jacob S. Housberger, 
Morgan Leiser, Benjamin F. C. Dreiblebis, 
Charles Hillegas. Company B : Thomas B. 
Williams, William Kissinger, Gottlieb Schauf- 
fer, David Deitz, John Brown. Company C : 
William Clark, Jones Geier, Michael Mohan, 
William Neely, William J. Haines, Murtz 
Brennan, James Coakly. Company D : H. 
E. Stichter, Henry Rothenberger, Edward 
Lenhart, James Deitrick, Botto Otto, Perry 
L. Strausser, George S. Beissel, William F. 
Moyer, John Kehler, Jonas Miller, Joseph 
Ziegler, Patrick Cooligan, Andrew Knittle, 
Gustavus H. Miller, Henry D. Moyer. Com- 
pany E : John C. McElrath, Samuel Clemens, 
James McLaughlin, George W. Schaeffer, 
David Williams, W. Simmons, G. W. James, 
W. C. James, James Meighan, Robert Pen- 
man. Company F : Richard Hopkins, John 
Powell, William E. Taylor, Israel Manning, 
Anthony Carroll, William S. Wright, James 
Brennan, And. Westner, Henry Holsey, Wil- 
liam H. Kohler, John Eddy, John T. Reese, 
John Crawford, A. H. Whitman. Company 
G : R. M. Jones, George Fame, John Becker, 
Adam Hendley, James Spenc'er, M. Berger, 
John Armstrong, Clay W. Evans, Patrick 
Grant, William Maurer, John Kautter, Patrick 
Savage. Company H : Samuel Fryberger, 
William Donnelly, William Huber, Benjamin 
Roller, John Klineginna, Daniel Ohnmacht, 
Albert Davis, John Stevenson, Michael Me- 
larkee, Daniel Cooke, John Cruikshank, 
Michael O'Brien, Charles Focht, John Ole- 
wine, Joseph Edwards, Thomas Palmer, 
Joseph Chester. Company I: L. Swain, J. 
Ongstadt, D. Kiase, W. Knittle, Charles Lin- 



dermuth, F. Bonner, C. W. Horn, M. Dooley, 
W. Tyson, C. DeLong. Company K : George 
J. Weaver, David R. Dress, Elias Fenster- 
macher, Thomas Fogerty, Henry R. Schulze, 
Franklin Ehiy, Simon Hoffman, Andrew Wea- 
ber. , 

Missing.— George C. Seibert, Co. C; Ed- 
ward H. Ebert, Jolin D. Weikel, Co. D ; Wil- 
liam Gutshall, Co. E; George Kramer, Co. F; 
Harrison Bright, Michael Scott, Lewis Au- 
rand, James Wentzel, Co. H ; W. B. Bey^rle, 
B. McArdel, W. B. Shearer, Co. I. 

From thk 15TH to the 31ST of May, 1864. 

KiUed. — Patrick Doolin, Henry McCann, 
Co. F ; Samuel B. Laubenstein, Charles Nor- 
rigan, Co. N. 

Wounded. — Joseph A. Gilmour, Jacob Ker- 
schner, Co. A; William H. Humes, John Bar- 
ren, Samuel Heckman, James Frazier, Co. B; \ 
John B. Boyer, Henry D. Moyer, Charles 
Deitrick, Co. D ; Richard Hopkins, John Craw- 
ford, Henry Dillman, David Krciger, Co. I'"; 1 
John Gallagher, Co. H ; Francis Allebach, 
Christian Seward, Frederick Henry, Herman | 
Buntz, James Boner, Co. I. , 

From Mav 3IST to Junk 4TH, 1864. 

Killed. — Alexander Govan, Co G; David 
Williams, Co. K ; Edward G. Pugh, William ' 
Smith, Co. F ; James Allison, Co. G ; Joseph 1 
Alexander, Co. H ; William J. Price, Benjamin 

B. Kershner, George Dresh, Co. I ; Jacob Lan- 
by, Co. H. 

W'oinnliil. — P. C. Loeser, William Clark, Co. 
C ; Samuel C. Strausch, Robert Campbell, C o 
B; E. Tosh, Co. V.; James N. Easton, Co. F; 

C. F. Kuentzler, Co. G ; Henry Bernsteel, Co. 
H ; Oliver Davis, Jacob Ongstadt, Co. I ; O. 
Heckman, Co. A ; Robert D. Paden, Co. F ; 
John Halton, Co G ; Henry C. Matthews, 
William A. Lloyd, Co H ; K C Kehl, Co. I ; 

William Koch, George Beth, John Hugg, Si- 
mon Snyder, Elias Linns, J. D. Ash, Samuel 
Eckroth, Israel Britton, Co. A ; Patrick Far- 
rell, John Dolan, Thomas Boyle, Co. C ; Daniel 
Boyer, Daniel E. Reedy, John Clemens, Rob- 
ert Beverage, Patrick Brennan, Charles Quinn, 
Albert Cummings, Co. E ; George H. Jones, 
J. Kuhns, W. E. Duff"y, Cyrus Hanes, James 
Bradley, James Houte, Co. F ; William Martin, 
Co. G; John C. Benedict, Jose S. Hays, An- 
thony O'Donnell, James Welsh, William Davis, 
Edward .Metz, Co. H; Peter Keller, John 
Clark, William Owens, John H. Cooper, J. 
Willour, William Kramer. Co. I ; H.W. llass, 
Milton Nagle, William C. Keiser, Thomas 
Hud.son, Co. K. 


A7//,</.— John Major, Co. IC ; 11. !•" Straub. 
Isaac i.Lwis, Co. F; George W Morcy, Jeffer- 
son W. Bcjerle, James Mulholland, Anthony 
Gallagher, Co. il ; Rich, Co. K. 

;/■<'////,/,,/.— J. Helms, Co. D ; C. C. Pollock, 
Co. G ; D. B. Brown, Co. H ; Joseph Edwards, 
Co I ; R. Campbell, Co. B ; H. U'ciscr, ( o 
C ; Thomas Irwin, Co. K ; James Rider, I o. 
K; Jacob Deitrich, Co. D; Robert Wallace. 
Co. 1'; Elias Britton, John Holman, John .Mc- 
Lean, John Cochran, William Hickey, John 
H. Shaffer, Joel Lins, Co A; L. Deitrich, J. 
D. Casher, Joseph Berlinger, Co. D; William 
Reasons, Thomas Clemens, James Regans, 
James Mercer, R. B. Thompson, Co. E; Murt 
Brennan, Patrick Boran, E. L. Shissler, Co. F"; 
Howard Jones, Joshua Reed, Co. G ; Charles 
Eberle, Lewis Aurand, Jonathan Dillet, Co. H ; 
F"rank E. Ringer, William Cramer, Co. I ; 
John Gillinger, Oliver W. Schwartz, David 
Houser, Co. K. 

.y/ssDii^-: — A. Wren, Jacob Wigner, Co. H ; 
Mike Lavell, William Auchenback, Co. !•". 



On Thb i8th of June, 1864. 

Killed. — Simon Devlin, Co. F; Thomas 
Davis, Co. H ; Arthur L. Gray, Co. K. 

Wounded. — Ben. Williams, Co. I; Henry 
Schreyer, Francis M. Stretham, James W. Ster- 
ner, William Dreiblebis, Joseph Dreiblebis, Co. 
A ; Gilbert Graham, Co. C ; Joseph Linder- 
mut, Co. D ; Chris. Seward, Samuel T. De 
Frehn, Jacob Ruchwein, Charles R. Koch, 
Co. K. 

Additionai, Casualties Reported by Company 
Commanders to January, 1865. 

Killed.— Dd,vid B. Brown, Co. H ; William 
Levison, Co. C; John F. Dentzer, Co. K; 
Lewis Hessinger, Co. A ; Abraham A. Acker, 
John Whitaker, Co. C ; Henry Darwood, Dan- 
iel Okron, Co. D ; Daniel Boyer, John Dan- 
agh, Co. E ; William Smith, Co. F ; William 
Simpson, Co. G ; James Heiser, Co. I ; John 
F. Dentzer, Co. K. 

Wounded. — Joseph H. Hoskins, Co. F; 
James Clark, Co. C ; William Laubenstein, Co. 
K; George Bowman, Co. D. Joseph Rarig, 
Co. B; Samuel Clemens, William J. Morgan, 
. Robert Penman, John Mercer, Co. E ; Henry 
Fry, Co. H ; Lewis R. Loye, Israel Britton, 
Jabez McFarlan, Co. A; William R. Brooks, 
Henry Shoppel, John Yonker, Co. B ; Andrew 
Dunleavy, William Demerce, Robert Rogers, 
Co. O ; James L. Baum, Jacob Derr, Nathan 
Kessler, John L. Werkil, Co. D; Cornelius 
Dress, Patrick Grant, William McElrath, John 
McRay, Daniel E. Reedy, Abraham Sige- 
mund, Anthony Wade, John Watson, Co. E ; 
William Duffy, William Bell, Hamilton Hause, 
Co. F ; Patrick Cunningham, John Kauer, Pat- 
rick Galligan, Charles H. May, Co. G; Job 
Hirst, John Lloyd, William Schneider, Samuel 
T. Skeen, Co. H ; Isaac Boltz, Charles H. 
Good, Martin Dooley, Thomas J. Reed, Joseph 
Gilbert, John Umbenhocker, Benjamin Wil- 

liams, Henry Goodman, Co. I ; John Bartolet, 
Ephraifti Whetstone, Co. K. 

Missing.— O. A. J. Davis, Co. I; Samuel 
Wallace, Co. C; Henry C. Graeff, Co. D; 
Robert Paden, Co. F ; Lewis H. Sterner, Frank 
W. Simons, Samuel SchoUenberger, Co. A; 
John E. Bubeck, Gardner Bell, Jacob Ham- 
mer, Thomfas Griffiths, William Stevenson, 
Co. B; Murt Brennan, • Charles Dintinger, 
William Larkin, Co. C ; George W. H.Cooper, 
William H. Williams, Daniel Deitrich, Co. D ; 
John Dooley, Edward Maginnis, Co. E ; Wil- 
liam Fulton, Joseph Finbey, William Moore, 
Michael Walsh, William Koehler, David Mil- 
ler, Elijah DeFrehn, Co. F; Patrick Grant, 
Nicholas Gross, Joshua Reed, Co. G ; ,Henry 
Jones, Joseph Moore, John Hallady, Philip 
Heffren, Co. H ; Patrick Crowe, Joseph Co- 
bus, Lucian Monbeck, Nathan Neifert, Henry 
A. Neyman, William Weirs, Co. I ; George 
Cross, Thomas Leonard, John Patry, Thomas 
Fogarty, Co. K. 

Charge at Petersburg, Aprii, 2d, 1865. 

Killed. — George W. Gowen, John Homer, 
Co. B ; Daniel D. Barnet, Co. E ; David Mc- 
Cloir, Co. F ; James Ring, William Donnelly, 
George Uhl, Co. H; 'Albert Mack, Albert 
Zimmerman, Wesley Boyer, Co. I. 

Wounded. — Henry Reese, Co. F; William 
Auman, Co. G ; Thos. H. Silliman, Co. H ; 
John Watkins, Robert Campbell, William 
H. Ward, Co. B ; Henry Rothenberger, Co. 
D; William J. Wells, Co. E; P. Radelberger, 
Co. H ; James Nicholson, Co. C ; Levi Derr, 
Co. D ; Wm. D. Morgan, Co. E ; John Devlin, 
Co. F ; John Adams, Co. A ; Robert Jones, 
Co. B; George C. Seibert, Jasper Goodavaunt, 
Albert Kurtz, James T. Martin, Paul Dehne, 
Co. C; Aaron Wagner, Jacob Schmidt, E. 
McGuire, Joseph Buddinger, Chester Phillips, 


Thos. Whische, Co. D ; Wm. C. James, Robert 
Meredith, Frederick O. Goodwin, Thomas 
, Hays, Co. E ; James Densey, John Crawford, 
Co. F ; Peter Bailey, John Droble, Patrick 
Daley, Nicholas Feers, Thomas Howell, 
Thomas Smith, John Wright, George Kane, 
Co. G; Willoughby Lentz, Geo. E. Lewis, 
Benjamin Koehler, Henry C. Matthews, Co. H ; 
Jonathan Mowery, Charles C. Wagner, Joseph 
Shoener, John Road, Henry Goodman, Co. I ; 
S. Hoffman, Benjamin Kline, Paul Snyder, 
Jacob Erbert, David Phillips, John Williams, 
John Windermuth, Co. K. 

Missing. — Isaac L. Fritz, Co. B ; John Mc- 
Elrath, Co. E; James McReynolds, Co. I; 
James Hanan, Co. C ; Geo. W. James, Co. E ; 
William Reppert, Michael Kingsley, Nicholas 
Stephens, Lewis Kleckner, Henry Kinker, 
Daniel Hurley, Co. B ; Samuel Kessler, Co. 
K; David McGeary, John O'Neil, Co. E; 
Albert Fisher, Co. F ; Patrick Galligan, Co. 
G ; James Mullen, Theodore Kett, John Oats, 
Thomas J. Reed, Jacob Reichmine, Co. I ; 
William Peltonjohn Marshal, George Shaners, 
Co. K. 


Killed. — Colonel George W. Gowen. Major 
Joseph A. Gilmour died of wounds. 

Company A. 

Killttl or Died of JVounds.— John Springer, 
B. G. Otto, John Brobst, John H. Leiser, 
James Williams, Lewis M. Robinhold, Isaac 
Otto, John J. Huntzinger, Abel C. F. St. Clair, 
Lewis Messenger, Henry Simpson, George 
Betz, Simon Snyder, George Airgood. 

Died of Disease.— \S'\\V\iim Miller, John N. 
Spreese, Bernard West, David Kruger, John 
Ruff, George Bright, Richard Lee, Peter 
Zimmerman, Nelson Simons, David Houser, 
Samuel SchoUenberger. 

Company B. 

Killed or Died of Wounds. — John H. Hus- 
sey, John Homer, Reuben Robinson, David 
J. Davis, L. M. Reese, Alexander Prince, 
Michael Devine, John Williams, William Hill, 
Matthew Hume, Frederick Knittle, Laurentus 
C. Mose, Daniel War)', John Deitz, John 
Coats, Nicholas Shitehour, Samuel Heckman, 
Christian L. Lancr, William Kissinger. 

Died of Disease. — Thomas Davidson, Lsaac 
Fifer, Abe Forrer, Thomas Connell, John Rob- 
son, Abraham Wadsworth, William Schwartz, 
Thomas G. Williams, drowned. 

Company C- 

Killed or Died of Wounds. — William Levi- 
.son, John Whitaker, John \\ ciser, Barney 
Getler, Daniel Brown, Abraham A. Acker 
Michael Mahan. 

Died of Disease. — A. 1' Frazier, Daniel 
Berghard, Thomas McEvoy, Joseph Lorr, 
Edwards Daniels, Patrick Farrell, Michael 
Crinbin, Charles Dintinger. 

Company D. 

Killed or Died of Wounds. — Charles Miller, 
George Kamer, William Bambrick, Alva J. 
Jeffries, John Sullivan, Henry Williamson, 
Thomas Kinney, Jonathan Kaufman, Henry 
Dorward, Daniel Okon. 

Died of Disease. — Alexander Fox, Henry 
Graeff, J. H. Dorr, Andrew Spear, Andrew 
Klock, Addison Seaman, Mattis Shaefer, 
William H. Smith, John Dietrich, Solomon 
Eyster, David Miller, C. Philip Beckman, 
Charles E. Hesser, Jonas Z. Raber. 

Company E. 

Killed or Died of Wounds. — William Cullen, 

Thomas Tosh. John Broadbent, Lawrence 

Farrell, David Williams, John Major, Daniel 

Boyer, John Danagh, Daniel Barrett, William 



Reasons, James Reagan, James Shields, Dahiel 
E. Rudy, murdered; Anthony Wade, acci- 
dentally shot ; Valentine Frantz, suicide. 

Died of Disease. — ^John Morton, James P. 
Farrell, Thomas Major, William Evans, George 
Welsh, Patrick Rogers. 

Company F. 

Killed or Died of Wounds. — William Hop- 
kins, John Powell, Henry Jenkins, John J. 
Morrison, David F. Shiel, John Morrissey, 
Lewis Woods, Richard Williams, Patrick 
Doolin, Henry McCann, Edward G. Pugh, 
William Smith, Horace F. Straub, Isaac 
Lewis, John Bradley, David McCloir, Israel 
Manning, Andrew Werner, Simon Devlin. 

Died of Disease. — William Brereton, Charles 
Triesbach, Daniel Fens'termacher, J. Evans, 
Jacob Wagner, Elijah De Frehn, William 
Fulton, Frank Queeny, Peter Litchfield. , 

Company G. 

Killed or Died of Wounds. — Curtis C. Pol- 
lock, H. C. Jackson, Alexander Govan, William 
Smith, Charles Timmons, John Fame, William 
Williams, James Allison, William Simpson, 
John Armstrong, J. Howard Jones, James R. 

Died of Disease. — Philip L. Drehl, Henry 
Burnish, Edward McCabe, Charles Clark, 
Charles Hesser. 

Company H. 

Killed or Died of Wounds. — Samuel B. Lau- 
benstein, David B. Brown, Joseph Reed, John 
Sponsler, Charles Harrigan, William Nagle, 
Thomas Kelly, Samuel Petit, Joseph Weise, 
Abraham Brewster, George W. Morey, Jeffer- 
son W. Byerle, James Mullholland, Anthony 
Gallagher, Thomas Davis, Charles Driesbach, 
William A. Millet, Joseph Chester, Job Hirst, 
James King, William Donnelly, George Uhl, 
Joseph Alexander. 

Died of Disease. — William T. Garrett, Chas. 
C. Hinkle, R. A. Jenkins, Charles Knorr, 
Thomas Lewis, Charles O. DeLong, Isaac 
Bannon, John Donnelly, Edward Edwards, 
Lewis W. Kopp, William D. Lloyd, P. Heni- 
ran, Charles Aurand. 

Company I. 

Killed or Died of Wounds. — ^B. B. Shuck, 
Jos. Edwards, George H. Gressang (drowned), 
Lewis V Focht, Charles F. Letzer, Jonas 
Haldman, Charles Weaver, Henry J. Ege, 
William J. Price, Benjamin B. ^Kershner, 
George Dresh, James Herser, John Clark, 
Jerry Willoner, James Bower, Lewis Beerble- 
hamer, Isaac K. Beltz, Albert Zimmerman, 
Albert Mack, Wesley Boyer. 

Died of Disease. — ^Alexander Boone, Charles 
E. Weber, Reuben Watt, Lewis J. Garber, 
Daniel J. Kehl, Daniel Mayer. 

Company K. 

Killed or Died of Wounds. — R. D. Filbert, 
Daniel Moser, George Dentzer, John W. 
Henn, Jacob Lantz, Nathan Rich, Arthur L. 
Gray, John L. Dentzer. 

Died of Disease. — Patrick Handley, Peter 
Boyer, Peter Burke, George F. Maines. 


Companies A and C were recruited in Schuyl- 
kill county. The regiment was sent south, 
where it was engaged on Beaufort Island and 
in the battle of Coosaw. At Pocotaligo Cap- 
tain Parker lost his life. From the south 
the regiment was recalled to Virginia, and 
fought gallantly at Second Bull Run. It was 
at Chantilly, South Mountain, Antietam and 
Frederickburg, and then went west, where it 
took part in the siege of Vicksburg, and did 
some hard fighting and severe marching in 



Tennessee. It re-enlisted in 1 864, did severe 
fighting through the Wilderness campaign 
and in the siege of Petersburgh. It was en- 
gaged in the operations of the army early in 
April, 1865, and was among the first regiments 
thatjeached Petersburgh on its fall. It partici- 
pated in the ceremony of laying the comer- 
stone of the national monument at Gettys- 
burg, and afterwards was mustered out of the 

The following officers and men were from 
Schuylkill county : 

Regimbntai, Officers. 
Colonel, B. C. Christ. Quartermaster, Al- 
bert Jones. Assistant quartermasters — John 
S. Eckel, Charles J. Needier. Surgeon, David 
G. McKibbin. Drum-major, Henry A. Hoff- 
man. Fife major, Daniel Koop. 

Company A. 

Officers. — Captain, J. B. Brandt. First lieu- 
tenant, Samuel R. Schwenk ; second, Edward 
F. Wiest. Sergeants — Henry J. Alspach, 
Henry Brodt, Samuel Schwalm, Jacob Zim- 
merman, Daniel Hoffa. Corporals — David J. 
Alspach, William J. Snyder, John Heisler, 
Franklin H. Barnhart, John Schreffler, Daniel 
Troutman, Simon B. Bleiler, Solomon Wiehry. 
Clerk, Benjamin Focht. Musicians, Jacob 
Lehman, William J. Schuckert. Wagoner, 
Joshua Greenawalt. 

Privates. — Nicholas Adams, Cyrene Bow- 
man, William F. Bowman, Charles Biehl, 
David Ballen, William Blanchford, John Bi.x- 
ler, William H. Bleiler, John Bower, Charles 
Blessing, Elias Bixler, Jonathan Brenner, 
James Burns, Peter Brum, Edward Carl, Will- 
iam Clark, Martin Cannon, Michael Cannon, 
John R. Dieter, Isaac Derker, Henry Deibler, 
William H. Delcamp, Jonathan Doubert, 
Thomas Dawson, William Doubert, Benjamin 

Davis, Samuel Engel, James F. Ellenbaum, 
Augustus Erdman, Elias Engel, Jacob Engel, 
Jacob F. Ferree, John Fuller, Christian Frank- 
houser, Jonas Faust, Isaac Feindt, Patrick 
Flinn, Frank Fox, John Flinn, Peter Grow, 
William Herb, William J. Hesser, Benjamin 
Hartzog, Jonathan Harter, Samuel Hoffa, 
John J. Herring, Henry Hoyer, Isaac Houtz, 
Benjamin Herman, Andrew Herb, Edward 
Harner, Jacob Herbst, Daniel Hoffa, Patrick 
Joice, Phillip F. Kauffman, Samuel \V. Kauff- 
man, Samuel Kaercher, Daniel Klinger, Joel 
Kramer, Charles J. Kneedler, Anthony Keiser, 
George Lester, John J. Laudenslager, Jacob 
Luhlasser, Henry Lengel, August F. Miller, 
John D. Manning, Elias Minnich, Alexander 
McLaughlin, Israel Morgan, Robert M<f- 
Clellan, Michael .Mochan, Jonathan Miller, 
Augustus Mellon, Charles Muckenstom, Peter 
S. Otto, Levi Osman, Aaron Osman, Patrick 
O'Neil, Robert Pace, John Raber, Wm. Roth- 
ermel, Daniel Riegel, Harrison Runyon, Jonas 
P. Riegel, David Reese, Richard Rahn, Aaron 
Schofstall, John D. Schearer, Hiram Straw, 
Jacob Starr, Abraham Snyder, Jacob Stark, 
Emanuel Schweikert, Edward Thomas, John 
Unger, Uriah Wenerich, August Weisner, 
Isaac Wolff, Daniel D. Weaver, Franklin 
Wiehry, Philip A. Wiest, Michael Wolfgang, 
Andrew Williams, Bursey Wight. 
Re-enlisted veterans and recruits : 
Isaac Artz, Daniel Binkley, Charles Beach, 
Jacob Boyer, Philip Boyer, Edward Bixler, 
Martin Bressler, Franklin Bressler, Jackson 
Bixler, Joseph Clouser, Edward W. Clark, 
Harry Christ, Daniel Delcamp, Jacob Dressier, 
Isaac H. Domsife, Joseph Delcamp, Levi 
Dodge, Jeremiah W. Domsife, Philip Deitrich, 
Lenniary Erdman, Peter Fox, Joel Godshall, 
Noah Geist, Joel Honenstein, John Henry, 
Jacob Henry, Simon Klauser, Lewis Krebs, 



Peter F. Lucus, Hiram Michael, John H. 
Maurer, Joseph Otto, Abraham Phillips, Benja- 
min F. Pinkerton, John Steckley, Jonathan 

B. Stutzman, John Seifert, Daniel Stoop, 
Abraham F. Starr, Nathaniel Stutzman, 
Augustus F. Schreiber, Abrahim K. Schwenk, 
Henry Shadel, Jacob Shade, D. H. Snyder, 
A. K. Schwenk, Elias T. Troutman, Emanuel 
Troutman, Francis K. Wiest, Hiram K. Wiest, 
Samuel B. Wiest, Michael Wolf, John K. 
Zerby,John H. Zimmerman, George Zimmer- 
man, Lewis Zimmerman. 

Company B. 
George Hiney, William Hiney. 

Company C. 
Officers. — Captain, D. F. Burkert. First 
lieutenant, George W. Brumm ; second, John 
F. Saylor. Sergeants — William H. Mennig, 
L. Becker, William H. Hiney, James Saylor, 
William Hill. Coaporals — Augustus Mellon, 

C. Brown, D. Raudenbush, S. Losch, L. 
Eckert, G. H. Hoffman, R. Bechtel. Drum- 
mer, J. Helms. Fifer, J. Graeff. Wagoner, 
L. Schwartz. 

Privates. — Elias Berger, Augustus Berger, 
John G. W. D. Brisons, Jonathan Brener, 
Gotlieb Bergert, Benjamin Brown, G. W. 
Brumm, George Cake, Henry W. Deibler, 
John Doudle, Peter Dunkle, Ceorge Donnar, 
Samuel Eckley, Emanuel Eckel, Wm. Emrick, 
Isaac Eckert, Richard Fahl, Frank Fenster- 
macher, Jacob Guertler, Alexander Garrett, 
Aaron W. Gilbert, George Hiney, Samuel 
Hoffman, William Hoffman, George Heebner, 
Jacob Harbst, Jacob Hehn, Henry Hehn, 
Henry Hill, Joseph Handell, James K. Helms, 
Stoughton Keihner, Jonas W. Kremer, George 
Klingner, Charles Knarr, Benjamin Knarr, 
Josiah D. Lehman, Joseph Long, John Little, 
Lewis Long, Thomas Lloyd, James K. Levan, 

Henry B. Miller, Daniel Murie, George 
Moyer, Patrick McCollough, Daniel McGlann, 
Patrick Molloy, Edward Marland, Charles 
Mecinstorn, Charles Oswald, Edward Oswald, 
Israel Oswald, William Patten, Morgan Pugh, 
Peter Powell, George Reed, John Ryan, 
Frederick Scheck, George R. Schwenk, Jacob 
Scheck, George Simpson, A. Shirk, Enoch 
Shaeffer, Peter Steinbach, Alexander Williams, 
Franklin Wise, William Wildermuth, Patrick 
Williams, William Wagner. 

Re-enlisted veterans and recruits : 
Officers. — Captain. Daniel F. Burkert. First 
lieutenant, William H. Hiney ; second, John 
Eckel. Sergeants — William Hill, Augustus 
Mellon, Charles E. Brown, David Raudenbush, 
James H. Levan. Corporals — Samuel A. 
Losch, Levi Eckert, Alexander P. Garrett, 
Henry Hill, George Schwenk, John Dowle. 
Musicians — Henry B. Miller, Volney Bell, 
Clinton McGibbins, Wm. H. Gensler. 

Privates. — Samuel Agley, Gottlieb Burkert, 
Elias Berger, William Baker, Albert Bartlett, 
L. Baker, Charles Burkert, Daniel Berger, 
George Bousman, Jacob Benedict, Alpheus 
Comber, Rolandus Correll,George Cake,Henry 
Dibler, Peter Dankle, Peter Dilcomb, Emanuel 
Eckel, John Eckert, William Eckert, Isaac 
Eckert, John N. Eckert, Daniel Everhart, 
Peter Fritz, John Fritz, Christian Gulliver, 
William D. Guertler, Jacob Getler, Samuel 
Hoffman, William Hoffman, Jerome Hoffman, 
Henry Hehn, Edward Heebner, Geo;:ge 
Heebner, Jacob Hehn, William Hehn, Ro- 
mandes Harner, Stoughton Kiehner, .William 
J. Koch, Garret Kerrigan, Charles Knarr, 
Benjamin Knarr, Josiah Lehman, Adam 
Lloyd, Thomas Lloyd, George W. Lloyd, 
Joseph Long, William G. Losch, George 
Moyer, Patrick McCullough, John McHargne, 
John B. Martz, Samuel Martz, Daniel Martz, 



Charles Oswald, Israel Oswald, Edward Os- 
wald, Thomas Rupp, Edward Rieger, George 
Reed, Michael Riley, John Ryan, John Reed, 
Albert Reigan, Franklin Reinheimer, Frank- 
lin Sharon, Charles Shoppell, Adam Schwab, 
Samuel Schwenk, Frederick Scheck, Jacob 
Scheck, William Sirles, Daniel Sullivan, Will- 
iam Tyson, Irvin Tyson, William Williams, 
Charles Williams, Patrick Williams, Levan 
Warner, William Wagner, William Wilter- 
muth, Josiah Wright. 

Recruits under the call of July i8th, 1864: 

Jacob Bender, Henry Burns, Louis Boyer, 
Franklin Burns, William Bretz, George W. 
Brown, Joseph Correll, Henry B. Christian, 
Charles Eiler, Marks E. Eckert, Mahlon 
Garby, David Hulebush, Andrew Krebs, Isaac 
Knarr, George Knarr, John L. Lendal, Jacob 
Lindermuth, William Merker, Henry B. Mills, 
Edward Marland, George Myer, Martin Foots, 
Lewis B. Raber, John Seifert, Lewis Sayman, 
Paul Sheck, John Sweeney, William B. Safert, 
John Smith, William Shugart, Augustus Wall, 
Thomas Walises, Samuel Wasner. 

Under the call of December 19th, 1864 : 

David Black, Franklin E. Fisher, William 
Koch, Charles Kearney, Peter Paul. 

Company D. — Thomas P. Davis. 

Company E. — Benjamin Roberson. 

Company F. — Lieutenant Albert Hunt- 

Company I. — John Mackey, Jas. Gaskins, 
Corporal William Cole, John Deniston, John 
A. Bush, Josiah Wright. 

Company K. — Daniel Hilbert, Jacob K. 

Casualties in thf FrFTiETH. 

In the battles of Bull Run (second) and 
Chantilly : 

Cu.Mi'ANV C. — KilUd : George W. Kinley 
and Edward Haemer. Wounded: D. Berkert, 

Jonas Kremer, George Simpson, Peter Powell, 
Samuel Hoffman, Garret Garrigan, Benjamin 
Knarr, Dennis Mellery, John Martin, George 
Schwenk. Missing: Jacob Getler, Charles 
Knarr, Franklin Wise, Edward Marl, Henry 
M. Diebler. 

Company A. — Killed: John Heisler, Peter 
S. Otto, Edward Hamer. Wounded: Henry 
Brodt, Samuel Schwalm, David J. Alspach, 
Nicholas Adams, John Bixler, Cyrenc Bow- 
man, John Herring, Daniel Hoffa, Henry 
Hower, William Hesser, Andrew Herb, Will- 
iam Biller, Emanuel D. Faust, August Erd- 
man, Samuel Kauffman, Alexander Mc- 
Laughlin. Missing: Benjamin Herman, Levi 
Ossman, Philip A. Wiest. 

In the battles of South Mountain and 
Antietam : 

Company C. — Killed: Richard Fahl, Daniel 
McGlenn. Wounded: Augustus Berger, 
Jeremiah Helms, Jonathan Branner, Samuel 
Agley, John Graif, William Patten, Franklin 
Fenstermacher, Jacob Hehn. 

Company A. — Killed: E.Warner. Wounded: 
S. Schwalm, William Biller. 

At Campbell's Station and Knoxville: 

Killed: Emanuel Faust, Co. A. Wounded: 
Henry Dieble, James Birnie, Co. A; M. 
McKeon, Co. D; A. Gift, Co. E; William 
Cole, Co. I ; H. Geehler, Co. H. 

In the battles of the Wilderness, and sub- 
sequent engagements up to June 6th, 1874: 

CoMP.wv A. — Killed: Henry Faust, Simon 
Bergle. Wounded: Benjamin Focht, William 
H. Delcamp, George Lester, Jacob Henry, 
Conrad Earl, Jackson Bixler, Dan. Hoffa, 
Nathaniel Rickert, Emanuel Swikert, Elias 
Trautman, Michael Wolfgang, Daniel Del- 
camp, John D. Shearer, Augustus V. Schuber, 
Michael Wolf, Lewis Zimmerman, Abraham 
Starr, Nathaniel Stutzman, Isaac Artz, Aaron 



Ossman, Cornelius Schlegel, Harrison Wal- 
ton, Philip Dietrick, Jonathan Hearter, John 
Zimmerman, August Weisner, Benjamin Her- 
man, Joel Kramer, Edward Bixler, William F. 
Clark, Peter Fox, Jonathan P. Stutzman, Joel 
Stronecker, Samuel B. Wiest, Benjamin T. 
Pinkerton, Patrick Joice, Abraham Schwenk. 
Missing and Prisoners: Uriah Wenerick, 
Hiram Stern, David Balton, Edward W. Clark, 
Josiah Saltzer, Daniel Stein, Hiram R. Wiest, 
Daniel R. Burkley. 

Company C— Killed: William H. Hill, 
Michael Riley, Levan J. Warner, Sam. Martz, 
Dan. Evert, Jacob Benedict, Thomas Lloyd, 
Franklin Sharer, John Reed, Emanuel Eckert, 
Albert Bartolet. Wounded: Levi Eckert, 
Wm. Eckers, Peter Fritz, Christ Gulliver, 
Wm. Hoffman, George Lloyd, Adam Lloyd, 
John Mehargne, Charles Shappell, Adam 
Lehwab, Irvin Tyson, Josiah Wright, D. T. 
Burkert, Augustus Mellon, Chas. Oswald, 
Wm. Wildefmuth, Henry M. Diebler, Josiah 
D. Lehman, Gottlieb Burkert, Henry Hill, 
Wm. H. Hiney, George Cake, Wm. Koch, 
Lafayette Baker, John Eckert, Jacob Hehn. 
Missing: David Raudenbush, John Dowdle, 
Samuel Agley, Elias Berger, Peter Dankle, 
Wm. Guertler, Henry Hehn, Wm. Hains, 
Garrett Kerrigan, Dan. Sullivan, William 

Mortuary Record. 

Company A.^ — Killed or died of wounds: 
John Heisler, William H. Delcamp, Peter S. 
Otto, Edward Harner, Emanuel Faust, Henry 
Faust, Simon Reigle, Jacob Henry, Conrad 
Carl, John D. Manning (murdered). Died of 
disease: David G. Alpach, Nathaniel Stutz- 
man, Robert McClelland, D. Towney. 

Company C. — Killed or died of wounds: 
William H. Hill, Michael Riley, Levan J. 
Warner, Sam Martz, Dan. Evert, Jacob Bene- 

dict, Thomas Lloyd, Franklin Sharer, John 
Reed, Emanuel Eckert, Albert Bertolet, James 
Golles, Jeremiah Helms. Died of disease: 
Lucian Schwartz. 


About fifty citizens of Schuylkill county 
were in this regiment, which was organized 
in October, 1861. It was one of the first 
regiments to enter Yorktown after its evacu- 
ation by the rebels, and was engaged at Fair 
Oaks and Seven Pines. In December th'e 
regiment went south and was engaged in the 
long siege of Fort Wagner. A large portion 
of the regiment re-enlisted, and in June, 1864, 
the 5 2d took an active part in the attack on 
Fort Johnson, in which one hundred and 
twenty-five were made prisoners. 

In February, 1865 j a detachment from this 
regiment entered the deserted Fort Sumter 
and city of Charleston. 

The men from Schuylkill county in this 
regiment were : 

Wesley Cummings, John Fairfield, Joseph 
Reed, Charles O'Hara, John Brennan, Ed- 
ward W. CoUahan, Henry C. Niese, James 
Donevan, Abraham Butts, David Jeremiah, 
Joseph Dale, Joseph Shivelhood, Thomas 
Thomas, James Davis, Captain Beaton Smith, 
Samuel Williams, Erastus Sowers, Charles 
Lucas, Ralph Sowers, William Jones, Lieu- 
tenant William H. Hughes, Sergeant B. F. 
Jones, Lawrence Giles, Gerhart Welter, Albert 
Senef, Captain John Jones, Jr., Lieutenant 
John J. Hennessy, Michael Henegan, Edward 
Ryan, James Carman, Henry J. Banks, Jesse 
Fegley, Elias K. Faust, Edward L. Hubler, 
Aaron Lamberson, Jeremiah Messersmith, 
Henry Neifert, Michael O'Donnel, James 
McGarr, John Brennan, Patrick Burke, John 
Butler, James Cleary, Michael W. Donahoe, 



James Donahoe, Thomas Dalton, Patrick 
Donnelly, Patrick Donahoe, Walter Fitzgerald, 
Stephen Horan, James H, Horan, Richard 
Kealey, Thomas Naughton, Henry Paden, 
Christopher Ready. 


The 5 3d was one of the regiments raised for 
the defense of the State on its second invasion, 
in 1863. Companies C, F, H and I were from 
this county, and the regiment was stationed at 
Reading during its term of service. 


Company E ofthis regiment was from Schuyl- 
kill county. The regiment served in the South, 
and at Pocataligo bridge lost twenty-nine killed 
and wounded. In 1864 most of the men re- 
enlisted, and the regiment was engaged before 
Richmond until the close of the war, being 
mustered out August 30, 1865. 

Company B contained John Layman and 
Frank Kcmmerer ; Company C, William 
Wagner, and Company F, James Fowler. 

Company K. 

Officers. — Captain, Horace C. Bennett. First 
lieutenant, George H. Hill ; second, John Slot- 
terback. Sergeants, Winfield Benseman, 
George Slotterback, Henry C. Benseman, 
George Parrj', Henry E. Snyder. Corporals, 
John McClay, James Miller, Michael Murray, 
Miles Rourke, Charles Fritchley. John Dei- 
trich, William Challenger, Daniel Chester. 
Drummer, George Allen. 

Privates. — Dennis Adams, John Booth, John 
S. Bannan, Matthew Beggs. John Baird, Jacob 
Bergcr, l).uiicl Billman, James Campbell, John 
Campbell, Patrick Comcford, Daniel Conway, 
Edward Coyle, Jimcs Caton, John Condron,' 
Patrick Churchfield, Daniel F. Dengler, Patrick 

Delaney, William Derr, Owen Finety, George 
Foulk, William Fowler, Jacob Fluge, Alexan- 
der Fairley, John Gehrer, Francis Gallagher, 
Andrew Govan, John Harrison, Robert Hay, 

I Henry Hepler, William Hay, George Haas, 

I John Haas, David Hughs, John J. Jones, Wil- 
liam Kuehn, William Kuehn, Jr., James Kel- 
ter, Patrick Lynch, John Lawrence, John 
Lantz, Mortimer Langton, John Maggee, 
Thos. Maggee, Daniel McAllister, Peter Mur- 
phy, John Mohan, James McFarlane, Michael 
McNamara, Francis Munday, William Mag- 
gee, Patrick McDonough, John McCain, John 
Madden, JamesO'Donnel. JamesO'K.ine. John 
Paden, Robert Pease, Patrick Rafferty, Arthur 
Rogers, Monroe Reed, Peter Reitz, Thomas 
Sharp, George Smith, Thomas Tobin, James 
Tobin, Hiram Thomas, Luke Welsh, John 
Wormal, John Wormwood, Joseph F. Welsh, 
David Wier, John B. Wagner, William Wil- 
liamson, .Samuel D. Watkins, Aaron Yoder, 
George Zcrnholt. 

Re-cnlisted veterans and recruits : 
Captain. George H. Hill. Corporal, William 

■ Fowler. Privates, "Philip Ansty, John S. Ban- 
nan, Daniel Billman, Solomon Billman, 

Craymer, Thomas Conway, Patrick Church- 
field. Arthur Connery, George Dunlap, John 
Dormer, John McCann, Thomas Patten, Luke 

, WcLsh. 

I Casualties op the Fiftv-pifth Regimp.nt. 

From the 6th to the i6th of May, 1864, 
inclusive : 

CoMP.ANY E. — Killed, George Stone, i'etcr 
Reitz, Michael McNamarra, Theodore Wei scr 
Wotimliil, J. Slotterback, W Benseman, John 
McLay, Daniel Chester, Miles Rourke, Jacol. 
Fluge, Andrew Govan, John Madden. Henry 
Aumet, Charles H. Kantner. David Wicr, 
Thomas Wilson. George Raudenbush, James 



Wood, William P. Maggee, James S. Camp- 
bell, Haley Wren, Charles Fritzley, Daniel 
Lodge. Wounded and missing, John Maggee, 
James Tobin, William Kuehn, Aaron Yoder, 
Daniel Billman, Solomon Billman, John Mc- 
Cann, Luke Welsh, John Booth, Philip Anstee, 
Thomas Conway, Robert Reed, James Mc- 
Farlane, George Dunlop, Thomas Patten, 
David Hughes, Edward Coyle, Patrick Church- 

May 20 : 

Killed, John Welsh. Wounded, Fredrick 
Reed and Thomas Sharp: Missing in action, 
John S. Bannan, Rosewald and Stephens. 

June 3 : 

Killed, Edward Lewis. Wounded, William 
Challinger, Michael Murray, S. D. Watkins, 
George Smith, Michael Guldin, John Fry, Still 
Hull. Missing, Patrick Delaney, William Wil- 

September 29: 

Killed, James Robinson, Co. C. Wounded, 
George H. Hill, Co. E ; Thomas Howe, Co. 
G ; Josiah Hissong, Co. H ; Frank P. Berger, 
Co. B ; D. Meyers, Co. F ; 'Charles Long, Co. 
G; David Lines, Co. K; G. T. Barnacle, 
Francis Warner, Michael. Hussa, Co. A ; Sam- 
uel Startzer, Co. B; Michael Golden, G. N. 
Kise, Co. E ; George Dike, B. B. Black, Jacob 
Shank, John Strain, Henry S. Swartz, Philip 
Breidenbach, George Walters, Co. F ; J. Stiffer, 
Co. G; Charles Stokeman, George Ganehow, 
Hiram Matthews, Edmund Fisher, Co. H ; 
Matthew Garland, Co. I ; CorneHus Mock, F. 
H. Luther, Co. K. Wounded and missing, ]oWx\ 
O'Neill, Co. I; A. Flanigan, Harry E. Eise- 
beise, Co. G ; Paul Mock, Co. I ; Rufus Mit- 
chell, Co. C ; Sylvanus B. Summerville, Co. 
D ; Stephen Walker, Solomon Fetterman, Co. 
F ; John Lane, Harry Sharts, Co. G ; Alfred 
Ruggles, Charles Bisbin, Edwin Hughes, Co. 

L Missing, Barney Adair, Co. F; Michael 
Murray, Co. E ; D. Black, Co. G ; John B. 
Mock, Co. K; Emanud Frcelich, Co. B 
George Zeinhelt, Co. E; D. Kennedy, Co. F 
-John Bartlebaugh, Co. I; John Christ, Co. K 
Michael Bock, Co. A; James Tyson, Jacob 
Snyder, Amos Stout, George Strickler, Joseph 
Dike, Elias Howe, William Telle, Fidele Birer, 
Co. B; William A. Vance, Co. C; Daniel Mer- 
rich, Co. D ; Hiram Thomas, John Jeffries, 
James Murphy, Co. E; Harrison Overdorff, 
William Cochrane, William P. Patterson, Co. 
F; Joseph Wilders, C. Rush, William Smith, 
Co. G; H. B. Stick, John A Moyer, Co. H; 

John Barr, Philip McCormick, Lawrence, 

Co. I ; John Roch, Cyrus Gephart, Andrew 
Plucker, John Palmer, Co. K. 

Mortuary Record. 

Company E. — Killed or died of wounds, Hor- 
ace C. Bennett, George Stone, Peter Ritz, Mi- 
chael McNamarra, Theodore Weisser, John 
Welsh, Edward Lewis, John Padden (acciden- 
tally). Died of disease, William Fowler, Lewis 
Lewis, John S. Bannan, George S. Yinnell, 
John' Jones, Co. B ; Cirter Rogers, Co. C. 


This regiment was organized in the fall of 
1 86 1. Company K was recruited in part in 
Schuylkill county. In March, 1862, it went to 
Washington, and was in the Maryland cam- 
paign in the autumn. It was also in the battles 
of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and Get- 
tysburg, in which last it had the honor of 
opening the contest. In the following March 
a portion of the men re-enlisted and received 
their furlough. They returned in April, 1 864, 
were engaged in the Wilderness campaign and 
the operations around Petersburgh. Its repu- 



tation as a regiment was hardly surpassed by 
that of any other in the service. 

In Company C was Michael Haley ; Com- 
pany D, John Delaney ; Company E, Dennis 
Adams and Thomas Row, and in Company K, 
the following: 

Captain David Mitchell, Asst. Quar. Pres- 
ton Rossiter, Sergeant Robert B. Kane, Cor- 
poral George W. Rose, Corporal William Bar- 
num, Francis Dickerson, Isaac B. Jones, James 
A. Hetherington, Philip Cortier, William Ste- 
venson, George Allison, Nicholas Curren, 
Harrison Smith. 


Previous to the actions on the Weldon Rail- 
road : 

Wounded. — Ira N. Bennet, Samuel Shaw, 
George Allison, Michael Maher, John Fiana- 
kers, William Bowers, William H. Reynolds, 
Washington Trout, William N. Roeport, Mi- 
chael Luby, Daniel Hess, Reuben Seccolty, 
Cabrcn Waltz, James Albert, Edward Warren, 
Cyrus Madanios, Solomon Bcnker, 1 lenry W. 

In the engagement on the Weldon Railroad, 
August 1 8, 19, 20 and 21 : 
. Killed. — Hugh McFadden, Co. B ; Michael 
Harley, Co. C ; John G. Lebo, Co. I ; Isaiah 
Wilbcr, Co. K. 

Wounded. — Captain I. N. Bennet, Co. K; 
Jared B. Cobbin, Co. K ; Nelson Early, Co. A ; 
Westley M. Brubecker, Co. B; Modest Ru- 
bonock, Co. C ; Modest Welger, Co. D ; Ed- 
ward Phillips, Co. G ; Thomas Cochlin, Patrick 
Cannon, John Fisher, Co. H; T. H. Cyres, 
William Reeves, Lyman Anjers, Co. I ; Chris- 
tian Kir, Robert Kain, Jacob Harrill, David T. 
Craig, Matthias Hertinger, Washington Grant, 
George Night, John Lovegrow, Co. K. 

Company K. — Killed or died of wounds. 

George Allison, Harrison K. Smith, John 
Flanakers, William Bowers, Isaiah Wilbur, 
Michael Haley, Jacob Harell, Hugh McFaden, 
Co. B ; John G. Lebo, Co. I. 


This regiment, first known as Young's Light 
Kentucky Cavalry, was recruited in 1861. It 
was subjected to severe discipline and drill 
under Colonel W. W. Averill, with the result 
of making it one of the most efficient regi- 
ments in the service. 

It was with the Army of the Potomac from 
McClcllan's advance upon Manassas until Lee 
surrendered, and covered itself with glory. 

So numerous were the engagements in 
which the Third participated that space will not 
permit even a mention of them. The regi- 
ment was constantly active, and was engaged 
in most of the cavalry campaigns that have 
become iiistoric, and in many actions remark- 
able valor and efficiency were displayed. 

When the time for re-enlistment came, a 
portion of the command was organized into 
what was known as the veteran battalion, and 
was mustered out in August, 1865! 

Among recruits to Company C. were James 
E. Roan and James Gallagher, and to Com- 
pany A, Adam Frank and Richard Morgan. 

Company 1. 
Officers. — Captain J. Claude White. 1-irst 
lieutenant, Howard Edmunds. Sergeants — 
Daniel Jones, John Burlee, S. P. Boyer, John 
Johnson, David Levy. Corporals — George 
W. Clark, John Large, William Green, Edward 
Ferguson, William Ryan, John F. Gallagher, 
Edward Griffith, William A. Noble, Buglers- 
Joseph Miller, Marqueze Erneiquildo. F.irricr 
— Thomas N. Davis. Blacksmiths — llolden 
Chester, Watkin Waters. Teamster — William 


, Privates. — Edward Austin, Samuel K. Boyer, 
Thomas Bull, Charles Bickley, Calvin D. 
Brower, John Brennan, John Byle, John Baker, 
William Bainbridge, Anthony Burns, John 
Craney, Michael Carney, John Collahan, James 
Carroll, James Cox, David Challenger, Patrick 
Cassady, Joseph Dickson, David Duncan, 
Michael Donnelly, John Donnelly, William 
Deviiie, Joseph J. Edwards, John Flynn, 
Robert Fulton, John Fox, Frederick Guenther, 
Adam Gottschall, John Humphrey, William 
Hiel, Lewis Hummel, Jatnes Johnston, Daniel 
Kent, George Kries, Edward H. Klinger, 
Martin Lawler, George Lambert, James Law- 
ler, Thomas Morley, Edward McCabe, Fran- 
cis McCann, John M. Mowery, Edward Mc 
Mullen, William Maroney, John Maybe, 
James McCabe, Edward McAndrew, Joseph 
Mann, John Mealy, John H. Miller, Michael 
J. Moran, William Mann, Lawrence McKnight, 
William Norton, William O'Mealy, Patrick 
O'Neal, Christian Ochner, John Porter, 
Thomas H. Price, Joseph Patton, John Ryan, 
John Roaney, Thomas Reily, David Reese, 
John Reily,, James Reily, Reese W. Roberts, 
Frederick Shrop, John Stonehouse, John 
Smith, John Sterling, Calvin Shindler, George 
W. Shutt, Charles Stromier, Augustus Storm, 
Ephraim Thompson, Francis Umbenhower, 
James H. Welsh, Andrew H. Wilson, George 
Wyatt, William Williams, Calvin D. Wright, 
William Waterhouse, George Wilson, Daniel 
Wiehry, James York, Zimmerman. 

Recruits under the call of October 17th, 

John Bourk, Patrick J. Donahoe, John 
Duffy, James Donnahoe, Daniel Green, James 
F. Keating, James Keating, Thomas Lean. 

Under the call of July i8th, 1864: 

Henry Britt, Monahan Bartholomew, Ed- 
ward Brahany, Patrick P. Brennan, John Boas, 

William Brennan, Michael Brennan, Richard 
Brennan, Samuel Bennet, John Brown, Michael 
Bergen, William Bell, John Bowen, James 
Burns, Thomas Curry, Patrick Crean, Patrick 
Cardan, Henry Cameron, John Cowan, Patrick 
Cowry, Edward Carey, Thomas Cromin, Mar- 
tin Cain, Thomas Carney, Patrick Dolan, John 
Donahoe, David Davis, John Dougherty, Ed- 
ward Donahoe, Thomas Devine, James Dar- 
ragh, John Davis, William Evans, James 
Farrell, Patrick Gillespie, James Garetty, Ed- 
ward Goulden, Thomas Horan, Dominick 
Hope, John Hurley, William Hall, Thomas 
Kelly, Patrick Kelly, William E. Kline, Ed- 
ward Kinney, Patrick Langton, Patrick Lar- 
kin, William M. Lewis, Bernard McKeever, 
Daniel McAndrew, John McGlinn, William 
Mulheran, John McGowan, Edward Morrissey, 
Henry McAllister, Edward Mulhall, James 
McGovern, James Murphy, Michael Murphy, 
Patrick McBrearty, Thomas Morgan, John 
McLaughlin, William Michael, Michael Mul- 
lany, Patrick Norton, Michael O'Neal, Thomas 
O'Neill, Morgan P. Owens, Th-omas Piatt, 
David Parry, David Phillips, Richard Peel, 
William Ross, Thomas Riley, Dennis Ryan, 
Thomas Rose, Henry Riley, James Renfrew,- 
James Sweeney, George Shivelhut, Joseph 
Saddler, John Waters, John Whittaker, James 
Watkins, James Wilkins. 


The " Cameron Dragoons," as this regiment 
was first called, was recruited among the first 
of the three years regiments. Authority to 
raise this regiment was first granted by the 
national government, and it was for a time 
thought to be a United States organization. 

It served on the Peninsula and in North 
Carolina, and in 1864 returned to Virginia, 
where it was actively engaged around Peters- 


burgh, until the close of the war. A portion 
of the command was mustered out May 19th, 
and the remainder, after being consolidated 
with the 3d, was mustered out August 7th, 

The following were from this county : 

William Cowley, corporal ; Peter D. Helms, 
bugler; John Rhorback, Daniel Rended, 
James Mulgrave, Jacob Immendorf, John 
Barras, Thomas Downs, Joseph Edwards, 
John Baily, David B. Hufman, George Har- 
man, William Bowen, Joseph McGrew, Weth- 
erill Dryder, Adam Halkyard, Joseph Wilson, 
Hazlett McElwain, William Lindemuth, 
Charles Williams, Henry Dress, Richard R. 
Riland, Michael Rockham, Peter Grosh, 
Jacob Shuey, Lieutenant Seth H. Yocum, 
Sergeant Henry M. Clayton, Charles Madara, 
William Carl, Hugh Drumm, Thomas Marley, 
Oliver Nuttle, John Derkin, Silas C. Hough, 
John Hartman, Thomas Winn, Byron G. Clay- 
ton, David Eberle, Patrick Martin, Thomas 
Cummings, Louis Weaver, Charles Weaver, 
Herman Hauser. 

Under the call of October 17th, 1863, John 
Drumheller, Francis Morley, Edmund Lloyd 
and George Lloyd enlisted ; and under the 
call of July 1 8th, 1864, for five hundred thou- 
sand men, the following : 

Charles Boyer, Henry Luckenbill, David 
Smith, William F. Bensinger, Franklin E. 
Bensinger, Daniel R. Britton, John Brady, 
Lewis Blasius, Milton Crouthamel, James 
Donahoe, Philip Durang, William Dillman, 
Peter Dorn, Thomas B. Evans, John Ettring- 
ham, George Fetterman, Joseph Fetherolf, 
Joseph Feist, Daniel Garland, Anthony Geg- 
ler, Theodore Houser, John Hopkins, Joseph 
Horn, Israel Hartz, 'James J. Hannon, Rich- 
ard H. Jones, David Jones, Abner G. Klees, 
Peter Kleesner, Moses Kuhter, Samuel A. 

Mertz, Charles Mock, Edward C. Maicks, 
William Murray, Peter Meyer, John W. Merk- 
ert, Daniel McManaman, Thomas Owens, 
Michael O'Shaughnessy, John Price, William 
Price, John H. Remley, Patrick Spallman, 
Peter Snow, Charles A. Seitzinger, John L. 
Seitzinger, Charles H. Smith, John Stahl, 
Jacob Shane, Robert Teple, George Theobald, 
Benjamin F. Treibley, John Thomas, James 
Wentzel, Peter S. Wilson, Henry Warnich, 
Peter Bummersbach, Oswald Ford, Benjamin 
R. Roberts, Edward Mason, George Sykes. 

Under the call of December 19th, 1S64, 
were : 

Robert Anderson, Michael t^ostello, Richard 

Chadwick, James Dolan, William Dougherty, 

Thomas McGowen, John H. Minnig, Thomas 

Prior, Patrick Ryan, John Wanner, Thomas 

Burks, James Connor, Joseph Clews, David 

Childs, Reese Davis, Joseph F. Donkin, John 

Elliot, James Kvans, Cornelius Fiynn, James 

Fox, Hugh Fox, Jacob Gothie, John Howard, 

William Hublctt, Enoch Jones, William Lucid, 

David Morgan. Joseph Miller, John Murphy^ 

Richard McXale, Christopher Mchan, Robert 

Mcl^in, Lambert Ruffing, William Stevenson, 

Thomas J. Williams, George Zell, Andrew 



Authority to recruit this regiment was given 
by the Secretary of War in July, 1861, yet its 
organization was not completed till the spring 
of 1862. Company K was raised in Schuyl- 
kill county. Most of the regiment were cap- 
tured at Winchester, and afterward paroled 
from Libby Prison and Belle Isle. A large 
number of the men re-enlisted in 1864, and 
the regiment did splendid fighting at Fisher s 
Hill and at Cedar Creek, where it lost forty- 
eight men. It served around Petersburg and 



in North Carolina, and was mustered out July 
14th, 1865. 

From Schuylkill county in Company K, 
were : 

Officers. — First lieutenant, Theo. F. Patter- 
son ; second, William Heffner. Sergeants — 
Edward Nagle, Jno. J. Christian, Franklin A. 
Schoener, Francis Hause. Corporals — George 
Rice, Martin Hutchinson, John Martz, Samuel 
B. McQuade, Benjamin F. Bartlet, Daniel H. 
Christian, Charles Ewing. Drummer, John 
Y. Wren, Jr. Bugler, Henry Myers. Wag- 
oner, Daniel Keeler. 

Privates. — George Albertson, Nathan Bra- 
den, John Bauman, Jr., John Bauman, Sr.,\ 
Benjamin Christian, Benjamin B. Davis, S. 
Francis Deihm, Peter Dimmerling, D. D. Da- 
lius, Charles Dunkleberger, William D. Ewing, 
Eli Fatzinger, William Faust, Charles F. 
Garrett, John Goyer, Edward Hause, Daniel 
Kemery, Martin Langton, Jacob Lutz, Edgar 
P. Lewis, John Lawlews, William Lowthert, 
John McGurl, Aaron Moore, Thomas T. 
Myers, James O'Rorick, Henry S. Ponter, 
John Richardson, James Roehrig, William 
Schmidola, Daniel Shobe, Daniel Shrively, 
Samuel Schoener, James Schoener, Theodore 
Sands, George Snyder, Edgar R. Titus, Jere- 
miah Trout, Abraham Windland, John M. 
Witterman, John M. Wilman. 

Other members of the regiment from 
Schuylkill county were : 

William Welsh, John Higgins, Hugh Col- 
lins and William Johnson, Co. A; Jacob L. 
Glass, Co. H. 

Under the call of October 17th, 1863, the 
following joined the regiment : 

Sergeant, Benjamin F. Bartlett. Corporals, 
Daniel Christian and Samuel Shoener, Co. K, 
and Privates Thomas Campbell, John Dallas, 
Co. B ; George Albertson, Benj. Christian, 

Benj. B. Davis, Martin Langton, Franklin A. 
Shoener, Wm. Schmela, Co. R. 

In the autumn of 1864, George Rice, of 
Company A, was killed ; and Charles Ewing, 
Edward Hause, Burd Vliet, Patrick McDer- 
mott, John Bauman and S. Hayes were 


This regiment was principally recruited in 
Philadelphia and Reading. Schuylkill county 
furnished fifty or sixty men. It was mustered 
into the service for three years in December, 
1861. It was at first armed with the Austrian 
lance, and afterward with carbines. Most of 
its service was in Virginia and Maryland. It 
was mustered out in August, I865, at Louis- 
ville, Ky., having previously been consolidated 
with other regiments. 

From this county were the following: 

Michael Pepper, Henry Field, Joseph Davis, 
James Brennan, Daniel Sanders, Thomas Grif- 
fith, Daniel Christian, Michael Lanigan, John 
Sauerbrey, Corporal David Auld, William 
Bowman, Daniel Hoffman, Thomas Callahan, 
John Walker, John Memear, John Richard- 
son, Christian Stein, Evan Davis, Jacob Christ, 
Henry Wright, Henry Heckler, John R. 
Roads, Albert Bordy, Hiram Helms, George 
Knarr, William Loy, George Moyer. 

Recruits in 1863: 

Thomas Aubrey, James F. Hager, Samuel 
Mace, Henry Schultz. 

Under the call of December 19, 1864, were 
the following : 

John Brennan, Leander Fetterman, John 
Greenhalgh, Wellington B. Howe, Jeremiah 
Hartnett, John Ingham, Daniel Kent, Aaron 
Minnich, George E. Moser, James McCuUion, 
John McCanley, Franklin Price, Ira Road- 
armel, William M. Blystohe, Robert Crowley, 



Nicholas Curran, Anthony Cain, William Fitz- 
patrick, Edward Kelly, Jonathan Kline, James 
Keegan, John G. Kapp, William B. Levan, 
John McDermott, John McCully, Jeremiah H. 
Snyder, Patrick Tolimsh, Joseph Watts. 


Thirty men from Schuylkill county were in 
this regiment, which was mainly composed of 
Germans from Philadelphia. It entered on its 
service in September, 1861, and served to the 
close of the war; most of the time in Virginia, 
and the rest in the southwest. 

Schuylkill county men were: 

Barnabas Billeau, Long Lorenz.John Hart- 
man, Jacob Shoey, David White, George Won- 
drous, Charles Whitesnecker, John W. Heck, 
Barnabas Litmyer, Henry Stan, Christian 
Roehrig, Lewis Sigler, John Buchler, Joseph 
Beighler, Barnabas Billian, John Thompson, 
Sergeant Jacob Pauley, Jacob, Nicholas 
Veil, Philip Mohan, Matthias Laubach, Charles 

Oarther, James Cloan, Weighnecker, 

Gottleib Horning, John Hartman, Corporal 
Jacob Guenther, John Guenther, Charles 
Goodman, Joseph Navel, George Brushower, 
Corporal Frederick Vance, Matthias Kafer, 
Jacob Bush. 


In this regiment were thirty or forty men 
from this county. It was organized in No- 
vember, 1 86 1, and served till the close of the 
war. It went to South Carolina; was ordered 
to Virginia, and afterwards participated in the 
operations against Fort Fisher. 

The following, in several companies, were 
from Schuylkill county in this regiment: Jere- 
miah Kremer, Francis K re mer, Joseph Knittle, 
John Guyer, John Nolen, William Kantner, 
Jacob Burger, Charles Benseman, Patrick 

Adams, Frank Umbenhauer, William Umben- 
hauer, Francis Doonen. 

Also the following in Company K: 
Lieutenant, Charles N Brumm. Sergeants 
— William S. ^loorehead, James N. Hughes. 
Corporals — Adam Malick, Zachariah Falls, 
Joseph Evans. Privates — Emanuel Esterheld, 
Franklin Moser, William P. Mourer, John 
Brown, Joseph Robertson, Charles Malick, 
James Davis, George Hass, Robert Davis, 
Henry Henich, Horace De Haven, Henry 
Mull, David Jenkins, Is.iac Davis, Peter Deiter, 
Daniel Shirey, William Hurle\-, Michael Boyle, 
Thomas Conell, Thomas Reed. 


The 8 1 St regiment was organized in the 
autumn of 1861. In 1862 it participattd in 
the campaigns of the Penin.-iula, Maryland and 
Fredericksburg, and Gettysburg and the valley 
of Virginia in 1863, in the Wilderness cam- 
paign and around Petersburg in 1 864 and 1S65 
In June, 1865, it was mustered out of the Fed- 
eral service. 

The men from Schuylkill county were: 
William Brennan, Daniel Dunn, William 
Casey, Michael O'Brian, James Halfpenny, 
James Glenroy, Andrew Rogers, Charles Mor- 
rison, John Ratcliffe, Jenkins Evans, W, Wil- 
liams, John O'Donnell, William Thomas, 
Robert Mackey, James King, John Ratcliffe, 
William Mackechney, Jeremiah Delay, James 
Burns, Owen Fisher, Aaron Brcish, Emanuel 
Zimmerman, Patrick Guldin, Andrew Rogers, 
Thomas Morton, William Schrefflcr, Isaac 
Kennan, Barney Kelly, Peter Dolan. 

Companies A and F" were recruited in 
Schuylkill county, and other companies con- 
tained some men from this county. It was 



recruited in the autumn of 1861, and in De- 
cember of that year it went to the department 
of the Cumberland, where it was engaged in 
scouting and had many sharp skirmishes and 
some severe fights. 

In January, 1863, the regiment was engaged 
in two sharp skirmishes at Rover and one at 
Unionville. In the action at Shelbyville the 
7th made a brilHant charge in the face of a 
rebel battery, which it captured. It went on 
an expedition in pursuit of Wheeler's cavalry, 
and was on the march during eighteen con- 
secutive days and nights, with scarcely any 

A large portion of the regiment re-enlisted 
in 1 864 and received a veteran furlough. After 
its return it was actively engaged in the mem- 
orable campaign of the following summer, and 
the march across the gulf States. April 28, 
1865, it arrived at Macon, Ga., where it re- 
mained until August, 1866, and was mustered 
out of the service. 

Of the iield and staff officers of the regiment, 
the following were from Schuylkill county: 

Colonel, George C. Wynkoop. Majors — 
John E. Wynkoop, James J. Seibert. Adjutant, 
R. F. Moson. Quartermaster, Thomas H. 

The muster rolls are as follows : 

Company A. 

Officers. — Captain, William H. Jennings. 
Lieutenants — Thomas H. Rickert, John D. 
Jones. Sergeants — William J. Allen, Thomas 
M. Price, David J. Price, Henry B. Zimmerman, 
John A. Ennis, David T. Reese. Corporals — 
Charles L. Roorbach, Frederick Hopkins, 
David H. Wetzel, Edward H. Shute, Peter F. 
Kelly, Morris O'Neal, John Greathead, Wil- 
liam Arter. Farrier, Frederick W. Davis. 
Blacksmith, Adam M. Fahringer. Musicians 

— ^Joseph Ashlan, John Mcllhenny. Saddler, 
John Clews. Wagoner, Peter Starr. 

Privates. — Edward Austin, Daniel Anspach, 
George Anspach, William Angus, Anthony 
Burns, James Bateman, John Bramley, Edward 
Bradley, Henry H. Beisel, Jacob Beaver, John 
Brennan, Joseph Cowlishaw, Ralph Corby, 
John L. Cranston, Thomas Chadwick, Benja- 
min Chadwick, Peter Clarke, Martin Cannon, 
John Canfield, John Carl, J. Dodds, J. David- 
son, R. S. Dawson, Matthew Dodds, Francis 
U. Duffy, John Dolan, Thomas Duly, Samuel 
Effort, John Ferguson, Clement Feindt, Patrick 
Fogarty, Daniel Fagley, William Geigher, 
William Gottshall, James G. Gillespie, Benja- 
min Hertzog, Jacob Himmer, John T. Hazzard, 
John Heather, John Harthne, William Heney, 
Frederick Hammer, George Hetherington, 
Felix Herb, George W. Herring, Richard 
Jones, Jacob D. Jones, George B. F. Kitchen, 
James Keely, Ralph Kerby, Patrick Kelly, 
Henry Koch, John T. Kelly, Emanuel Kahres, 
Luke A. Lanigan, Francis Leonard; Edmund 
Livesly, Edward McMullen, William Mont- 
gomery, Lewis Maul, Isaac Marks, John Mac, 
James A. Mertz, W. Madden, J. O. Mahoney, 
P. Mulcachny, D. Paul, D. I. Price, Emanuel 
Paul, Thomas Powers, Philip Rafferty, John 
M. Robson, George Rahn, John W. Reese, 
Arthur O. Roorbach, John Snyder, Henry H. 
Snyder, James Smith, John Segley, John 
Smith, Emanuel Snyder, Augustus Shuttheiser, 
Frederick A. Schrope, Peter H. Snyder, Lewis 
H. Shutt, Joseph C. Shaw, Charles Tighe, 
William Thomas, John Taggart, John Thomp- 
son, Thomas William, Peter Winter, Charles 
Welsh, Charles White, Daniel D. Walker, 
Augustus H. Wetzel, John H. Wetzel, Nicho- 
las Welsh, Eli Williams, Francis Weigley, 
Charles Ward, Robert M. Zimmerman, Joseph 
B. Zimmerman, Henry B. Zimmerman. 



Company E. 

Officers. — Lieutenants — Heber S. Thomp- 
son, Bernhard Reilly. Sergeants — George F. 
Stahlin, Charles Vandusen, George M. Boyer, 
James A. Wilson, A. Bummersboch, Condy 
McGuire. Corporals — John K. Donnehower, 
George C. Lee, Valentine K. Boyer, George 
J. Harig, William Watkins, Samuel Winn, 
William Jenkins, Joseph R. Fisher. Buglers 
— Joseph Partridge, John Coughlin. Farrier, 
William O. Jones. Blacksmith, Adam Mager. 
Saddler, Joseph Reed. Teamsters — Josiah II. 
Anderson, David Levan, Jonathan B. Reber. 

Privates. — Martin Berger, John Baney, Wil- 
liam H. Beaver, James Boyle, Charles, Bowers, 
John B. Berger, Abraham Berger, John D. 
Burge, Owen Brennan, William H. Bartolet, 
Charles L. Braucher, John Cochran, Thomas 
Crosby, James Collins, Timothy Crimmens, 
Michael Cleary, Charles B. Clingernian, John 
Cunningham, Michael Carey, Thomas Dolan, 
John Dicken.son, Joseph Dennings, James F. 
Dent, Samuel Dunlap, Richard Fotheringill, 
Patrick Flinn, Emanuel Fisher, John Fitzger- 
ald, Richard 11. Fisk, John A. Fartich, Jr., 
Daniel Fitzpatrick, Henry C. Freed, Michael 
Gildes, Barney Hegin, Henry Haines, William 
Hodge, Patrick Haley, Charles S. Hower, 
Elias Horn, John House, Thomas Jones, 
Joseph Jones, William R. Klinger. Daniel 
King, George Keyser, Carl Leage, Llewellyn 
Llewellyn, Edward Lawler, Cornelius Link, 
Geo. Lambert, Charles Linn, Patrick Murphy, 
Michael Moran, John H. Miller, David Martin, 
John Mooney, Jacob Nargot, Amos Poff, John 
Rosser, Francis Reed, Peter Rehrig, John 
Reilly, Gideon Reber, John V. Spear, William 
J. Stevens, Kli Seiler, James Shire, Daniel 
Seigfried, Samuel S. Shannon, Samuel Trump, 
S. J. W Vernon, Abraham Vandyke, James 
Wilson, Thomas Wilson, Thomas B. Wood. 

John A. Wilson, John Weightman, J. H. B. 
Warfield, Amandus Wumer, William Zehner, 
John Ward. 

Company F. 

Officers. — Captain, Cyrus Newlin. First 
lieutenant, Ber. Reilly; second, Joseph H. 
Denning. Sergeants — V. R. Boyer, William 
Zehner, William Smith, William Jenkins, John 
Willianjs, James A. Wilson, Daniel Siegfried, 
John M. Rich Corporals — William II. Bea- 
ver, George .M Boyer, Condy McGuire, Rich- 
ard Fotheringill. Buglers — Joseph Partridge, 
John Coughin. Blacksmith, Adam Mager 
Saddler, Abraham Vandyke. 

Privates. — William Anstock, Adam Aum- 
mersboch, Joseph Adams, Abraham Berger, 
Charles Bowers, Jacob Beler, G. W. Bordman, 
Patrick Boyle, Benjamin Beacher, John J. 
Beacher, William Bond, C. L. Bartholomew, 
William Brennan, Dennis Bowers, William 
Blacker, Charles Blacker, John Betz, David 
Boyer, Henry Breslin, William Breslin, Jacob 
Broom, Samuel Bryson, John Bummersboch, 
John Ball, Charles Burke, Bart Ball, Charles 
Beaumont, Peter Bowers, Joseph W. Beau- 
hart, John Bertz, Thomas Baldwin, James 
Collins, John Cunningham, Hart Coggins, 
John Cunningham, Ezra Cockell, Patrick 
Cassey, Peter Creiger, A. J. Chambus, Ed- 
ward Connors, John Deaner, Adam Det- 
youne, James Dougher, John Dunlev)-, Rob- 
ert Devine, John Davis, John Dando, William 
English, Samuel Evans, David Evans, Thos. 
B. Evans, George English, William H. Eise, 
John A. J. Fartick, Joseph R. Fisher, William 
J. Fox, Joseph Fotheringill, Jacob Ironty, 
David S. Fox, Michael Flenery, Albert Fron- 
ley, James Fogerty, David Gower, Thomas 
Gradwell, Charles S. Hower, William Harris, 
Peter Haine, David Henry, James Hagerty, 
Martin Haley, Edward Hines, Joseph Haldc- 



man, William F. Hisser, B. M. Hoiifee, Francis 
Hahn, Jacob Hubzer, Francis W. Hagerty, 
Joseph T. Hart, George Houser, Thomas W. 
Jones, Elias Jones, Robert Jones, David Jones, 
David R. Jones, Bernard Kelley, Theodore 
Koch, George Koch, Aquilla Kniffe, Pat- 
rick R. Kearns, Joseph Knapp, Llewellyn 
Llewellyn, David Levan, Cornelius Link, 
Charles Linn, Daniel Lynch, John C. Long, 
George Leib, Alexander Lafferty, James 
Lyons, Isaac Miller, John Miller, Jr., John 
McGuire, John W. Moyer, Samuel Mitchell, 
John A. Moore, George F. Millet, Joseph 
May, Peter McGan, Patrick McLaughlin, 
Michael Murray, Robert Marchal, Adam L. 
Metz, George Metz, Thomas H. May, Philip 
Manley, Daniel McManamee, Michael Mc- 
Shay, Christian Newser, George Nutz, John 
O'Donnell, John O'Neil, James Price, Salathiel 
F. Paine, Gideon Rahii, George Reese, Wm. 
Richard, Peter Raber, Albert Robert, Thomas 
Ray, George Shutt, Solomon Shreffler, Fred- 
erick Smith, Thomas Shaw, Henry Sykes, 
William Sultzer, James Sheer, James Shine, 
William Stack, Henry Simmers, Samuel 
Thomas, John D, Thomas, Adgate Vanhorn, 
Samuel Winn, Richard Williams, Amandus 
Wumer, Samuel Waters, Davis Williams, 
William Watkins, Michael Wilson, Francis 
Whitehead, Oliver Williams, John D. Wil- 

Company G. 

Henry Allison, John Albert, Jacob Albert, 
Daniel Bayler, James Burns, John Cochlin, 
Christian Crouse, Samuel Cooper, James Can- 
field, Peter Greiger, Jr., Henry Hardensteine, 
Henry Huber, William Hoffman, William 
Housee, Lewis Jones, Henry Keidlinger, 
Charles M. Kantner, Tillman W. Miller, Levi 
Mease, Michael "Murphy, Henry W. Moore, 
Peter Miller, James McGloughlin, James 

McGuire, Levi Mease, Michael Murphy, 

Henry Reinoehl, George S. Rehr, Isaac D. 

Steel, Thomas L. Woods, Elias Wolf, Richard' 


Company I. 

Officers. — Captain, Heber Thompson. Lieu- 
tenant, George W. McAllister. Sergeants — 
Isaac Hall, Isaac Heith, James A. Crinnian, 
Thomas B. Stewart, James C. Davis, Fred. 
Hillbish, C. L. Conner. Corporals — John 
Morressey, Owen P. Keho, Casper Sherman, 
Peter Pontzler, Morgan Davis, John Smith. 

Privates. — Thomas Allen, Joshua E. An- 
drews, Thomas Bohannan, William Boden, 
Lewis C. Crosland, Samuel Cramer, David T. 
Davis, William Dechant, Wardes Eck, James 
Flattery, Philip Gulling, James Hetherington, 
William Homerth, Abraham Hummel, Henry 
Lewis, Samuel W. Mason, William Montgom- 
ery, Henry Ochternpcht, John Partridge, 
Thomas A. Simpson, William Siltz, John 
Strouse, Isaac Schloss, Albert Sands, Charles 
Taylor, Henry Wessner, Henry Bowsman, 
Peter Clark, Samuel Cramer, James Fallen, 
Abraham Hummel, Peter James, Michael 
Messuer, Henry Messuer, John McGovern, 
James Taylor, William Watts. 
Company L. 

Captain. — William Wren. 

Privates. — Pearce Bousman, John G. Co- 
hoon, William Glennon, Bernard Hellenthal, 
Henry Hackman, George W. Reber, Patrick 
Sullivan, Michael Troy, William Dechant, 

George Lee, John Cluff, John Duffy, Mc- 

Knight, Thomas H. Parker, James Roley, 

Francis Reed, John Wright, Charles F. Loeser. 

Other Members. 

Garret Hasker, George Kaiser, Condy Mc- 
Guire, Martin L. Kurtz, John Deegan, Jacob 
D. Jones, George R. Bensinger, John Burns, 
Luke McCabe. 




Regimental OJicers.— Colonel, Wm. B. Sipes. 
Lieut.-colonel, James J. Seibert. Major, 2d 
battalion, Wm. Jennings. Quartermaster, 
Thos. Rickert. 

Company A. — Privates, James C. Conners, 
Daniel Cobley, Patrick W. Cahill, James 
Delaney, George C. Farrell, John Hennessey, 
Henry Koch, Michael Kelly, Joseph Kennedy, 
Charles Keegan, John McCabe, Morris Mur- 
phy, Dennis O'Neal, Frederick Plotz, Augus- 
tus Schlotman, Thomas H. Spittle. 
Company C. — Private William Boden. 
Company D. — Privates John Dunlevy, Jas. 
Haggerty, William Jackson. 
From Dec. 26, 1862, to Jan. 5, 1863 : 
Killed.— ]aLmes Gillespie, Co. A ; Henry 
Fry, Co. I. 

U'ounded. — William Madden, Co. A ; 
Michael Gildea, Co. F ; Sarnuel Bramer, John 
Partridge, Co. I. 

Prisoners and Missing. — John T. Hazzard, 
Co. L ; Corporal Carle, Joseph Shaw, Emanuel 
Kahlis, John Koch, Co. A ; William Zehner, 
Abraham Berger, Josiah H. Anderson, Thos. 
Jones, John Weightman, John Fitzgerald, 
Samuel Trump, Co. F; Cornelius Link, Co. 
E ; David Lewis, Abraham Hummel, William 
Montgomery, Co. I. 

From April 28 to May 31, 1864, inclusive: 
Killed. — Peter Longwell, Co. B ; James 
Fleming, Co. I ; James R. Black, Co. B ; Pat- 
rick McLaughlin, Co. F ; James Muller, Co. 
K ; Adam James, William Ainsworth, Co. M. 
IVounded. — George Herr, Co. K ; John H. 
Yeomans, Co. B ; Henry Artman, Co. D ; 
James Waters, Co. I ; Abraham Kepperl)-, 
Co K ; P-dward L. Beck, Co. M ; Gustavus 
Wetzel, W illiam R. Waldron, Co. A ; Allen 
£. Williams, David McClintock, Benjamin F. 

Warren, Co. B ; George L. Covert, Co. C ; 
Robert T. Mowrer, William Rihel, Co. E; 
Jacob Beler, David Williams, John Dener, Co. 
F; Samuel Muller, Co. G: Thomas Lowe, 
Co. H; Josiah Mahafly, Andrew Dufford, Co. 
I ; Jacob Secrist, Charles Tennis, Ezra Bow- 
man, Co. K; Henry M. Birefer, Henry Gief- 

fried, Co. L; Maloney. Theodore V. 

Seip, Josiah Covey, John Crook, Co. M. 

Prisoners. — Cyrus Newlin, Co. F ; William 
Anspach, Co. A ; Daniel Hoffer. John A. Pat- 
ton, Co. B; Henry R. Morrison, William H. 
W. Thomas, Robert M Cummings, Co. A ; 
Henry Rider, Co. L. 

August 19, 1864: 

Killed.— Daivid L. Davis, Co. A. 

H^ounded. — Charles M. Kantner, Co. K ; 
Alonzo E. Kline, Co. A; Orvin P. Kehoe. 
Co. I. 

Wounded and Missing. — David P. Reese, 
Co. A ; George M. Boyer, Co. F ; Francis 
Weigley, William Robinson, Peter Mulcachey, 
Co. A ; Levi Seibert, Co. I. 

Mortuary Record. 

Killed or Died of IVounds. — Robert McCor- 
mick, Co. F; Nicholas Wynkoop, Co. K; 
Francis L. Reed, Co. L ; James Fleming, Co. 
I ; Peter Longwell, James R. Black, Co. B . 
Patrick McLaughlm, William A. Jones, Thos. 
Dolan, William Morris Robinson, Co. F; 
James Gillespie, Co. B ; Henry Fry, Co. I ; 
Archibald Muller, Co. K ; Adam James, Wil- 
liam Ainsworth, Co. M. 

Died of Disease. — Samuel Dunlap, Joseph 
Jones, Amos Poff, Joseph Zimmerman, Geo. 
M. Bower, Co F ; Alonzo Martz, Co. I ; Geo. 
Rhan, Geo. Anspach. Co. A ; John T. Haz- 
zard, Co. L. 

In this regiment Schuylkill county was rep- 


resented by forty or fifty men. It was organ- 
ized in July, 1861, was intended as a rifle regi- 
ment, but was changed to cavalry. In the 
spring of 1862 it took the field,' and was 
actively engaged in cavalry service during the 
war, mostly in Virginia. At Chancellorsville 
it made one of the most gallant charges in 
the war. It lost heavily in many of the actions 
in which it participated, and was mustered out 
of the service at Richmond in August, 1865. 

The following from this county were in the 

Corporal John J. Payne, Thomas McGurl, 
James Walsh, Robert C. Payne, t)a.vid Davis, 
Joseph Nunemacher, John Walsh, George 
Gibson, William Callaway, Benjamin Thomas, 
George W. Burton, Thomas Richards, Adolph 
Goershel, Mark Eltringham, James M. Moyer, 
Isadora Luch, Andrew McCann, James Car- 
rigan, Edward Gamble, Christian Miller, Jas. 
Owens, John Yately, Owen James, Peter 
O'Neal, James Reilly, Michael Griffin, Owen 
Larkin, John McKern, Henry McLyn, Patrick 
Rice, Charles McCall, Israel Nunemacher, 
John Ward, John Gillespie, Henry F. Rein- 
hart, William Wallace, Albert J. Deuel, Samuel 
Hale, Thomas Jones, John James, Patrick 
Eagan, John McAughey. 


This regiment was organized in September, 
1 86 1. It was in the Peninsular campaign, and 
in that which culminated at Fredericksburg. 
It was at Chancellorsville and at Gettysburg. 
In February, 1864, a large number of the men 
re-enlisted, and the regiment returned in time 
for the Wilderness. It engaged in the opera- 
tions before Petersburg, went with Sheridan in 
his Shenandoah valley campaign, and then to 
Philadelphia to do duty during the Presidential 

election, and returned to the front of Peters- 
burg. It was mustered out in June, 1865. 

The following men were from Schuylkill 
county : 

H. Clay Bowman, Henry Conrad, Cyrus 
Knapp, Nelson Knapp, Jacob Fox, William 
H. Riland, Abraham Heck, Abraham Lehr, 
Corporal John Southam, James Moyer, Joseph 
Southam, Charles Luckinbill, Jeremiah Kel- 
ler, Jacob Oswold, Lawrence Goodman, 
Francis McQuade, William Wetzel, Sr., Wil- 
liam Wetzel, Jr., William Vogt, Sergeant Wil- 
liam W. Bright. 

Under the call of October 17, 1863, were : 

Lieutenant William H. Riland, Jacob Fox 
(wounded in 1864), William F. Barton, John 
Eastwood, Christian Sechrist. 

Under the call of December 19, 1864, the 
following joined Company F as privates : 

Levi Adam, Samuel H. Brown, Henry E. 
Bartow, Henry Boyer, Israel Clemens, Wil- 
liam Fessler, Simon Fisher, William Foreman, 
Jeremiah Faber, Samuel Heiser, Henry Hum- 
mel, Elial Klinger, Samuel Leffler, Peter W. 
Miller, Elias Minnich, Samuel Marshall, 
Howard Miller. William Ragear, Israel Reed, 
Franklin Ragear, Israel R. Reahm, Jeremiah 
Reed, George W. Schmelzer, Aaron Strupen- 
haver, James M. Stomm, Michael Witmer, 
Fairfax Washington, Joseph H. C. Weaver, 
Henry Youtz. 


The nucleus of this regiment was the 
National Light Infantry of Pottsville, which 
was the first military company to offer its ser- 
vices to the government on the outbreak of 
the rebellion. The history of the company in 
the Ihree months' service is given elsewhere. 

In the fall of 1861 the regiment was raised, 
with its camp near Pottsville. It joined the 


Army of the Potomac, and by a brilliant 
charge on June 26 saved a part of the army 
from destruction. It was engaged at Bull 
Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellors- 
ville, Gettysburg, in the Wilderness battles, 
around Petersburg and in the Shenandoah val- 
ley campaign. The 96th was mustered out 
September 22, 1864. 

The muster roll of the regiment, with addi- 
tions made by recruiting, is as follows : 

Regimuntal Officers. 
Colonel, Henry L. Cake. Lieutenant-col- 
onel, Jacob G. Frick. Major, Lewis J. Mar- 
tin. Adjutant, M. Edgar Richards. Quarter- 
master, Charles Sailor. Sergeant-major, John 
Harlan, Jr. Quartermaster sergeant, John A. 
Schweers. Commissary sergeant, J. J. Damp- 
man. Hospital steward, John Rodgers. Sur- 
geon, Daniel W. Bland. Assistant surgeon, 
Washington Nugent. Chaplain, Rev. Samuel 
F. Colt. Ensign, John Vanhollen. 


Principal musician, N. J. Rehr. Drum- 
major, H. K. Downing. H. G. Wallbridge, 
Christian Ferg, A. F. Wallbridge, C. Bodman, 
H. M.Law, H. Bodman. H. Hoffman, J. W. 
Morgan, Fidel Fisher, A. B. Wallbridge, W. 
McDaniel, H. Wallbridge, G. V. Roehrig, 
J. Ward, C. Oberlies, A. Smith, H. C. Shoc- 
ner, J. Bodefeld, J. N. Lauer, S. H. Parker, 
J. Kepley, A. Pfaltzgraf, C. Trout. 

Company A. 
Officers. — Captain, La Mar S. Hay. First 
lieutenant, William F. Huntzinger; second, 
J. Albert Saylor. Sergeants — Ernst Sauer- 
brey, Edward Thomas, Charles F. Hoffman, 
Frank Simpson, Jonas M. Rich. Corporals — 
Mark Walker, Henry Gearing, Thomas G. 
Houck. Frank Hanley, Alexander Smith, \\ il- 

liam Britton, JohnStodd, John Donegan. Mu- 
sicians, George Wertley, Edward Niese. 
Wagoner, Warren Crossland. 

Privates. — James Bartholomew, George 
Brazer, William Brown, William Beynon, 
George Bownwell, Richard Brennan, Henry 
C. Boyer, Thomas Brown, John Berdanier, 
Francis Brennan, Michael Carroll, William 
Charlton, William Dress, William Daniels, 
Dallas Dampman, Jonas J. Dampman, George 
DeCoursey, Joseph F Dengler, Jacob M. 
Dewald, Luther Dufer, John Dentzer, James 
Donegan, William Edwards. Edward Ebert, 
John Endly, John Ellis, John Frazler, Ed- 
ward Fenstermacher, Thomas Farr, John 
Ferry, Elijah Gloss, John Garragan, Charles 
H. Gricff, Joseph Gee, William Gould, Joseph 
Goldsworthy, August Garber, Levi Gloss, John 
Hartline, John H. Higlcy. Leybrand Hoffman, 
Daniel Hartline, Emanuel Henry, Edward 
Hayes, James Hulislcr, Thornton B. li.inley, 
John Hendiey, James I ln|)LstLii). James K. 
Hess, John Hummel, William V. Hay, (ioiiict 
Jones, John Jones, Samuel Kiswick, Caleb 
Kinzi, John Kleininger, ICdward Kemp, 
.Michael Lcary, Daniel Lindenmutli, Joseph 
Lindenmuth, William F". I> Lord, John 
ferty, Edward Linnen, Michael Larkin, Wil- 
liam Larkin, Jacob Ledich, Matthew Morrell, 
George W. Mennig, John Madison, Daniel 
McCo)-. Edward McCormick, James P. Gin- 
nis, Michael Nash, Henry Nc ithcimcr, Chaun- 
cey K. Nugent, Hugh B. Nugent, James 
O'Donald, John Omar, Clement D. Potts, 
David Prichard, John Propts, Henry Reich- 
ard, Sylvester C. Rice, Alexander Rodgers, 
John Rodgers, Henry Reinhard, Robert T. 
Rigg, John Reed, Charles J. Redcay, August 

Refraw, Stonefield, John Simpson, 

Henry Simpson. Edward Smith, John Ster- 
ling. Frank Strouse, William Smith, Terence 


F. Smith, Emanuel Templln, John Thompson, 
David Welsh, William Weand, Frederick F. 
Wade, Henry Warnick, John Ward, Nicholas 
Yost, Charles Zerbe. 

Company B. 

Officers. — Captain, Peter A. Filbert. First 
lieutenant, Ernest T. Ellrich ; second, Levi 
Huber. Sergeants — John Van Hollen, Lewis 
Luckinbill, Charles J. Shoemaker, John A. 
Schweers, Paul H. Barr. Corporals — David 
Huber, Daniel Bonawitz, Jacob Geier, Eras- 
mus W. Reed, Frederick A. Snyder, Gregory 
Rothman, Frederick Kline, Edward T. Jones. 
Musicians, William Lehman, Joseph Keeler. 
Clerk, Frederick E. Stees. Wagoner, Joseph 

Privates. — William Adcock, Joseph Aich, 

Charles Bast, John Bonawitz, Breiti- 

gan, Samuel Bell, Franklin Bridegum, Joseph 
Bower, John Berdania, Martin Brannan, Peter 
Brenner, Jacob Bonawitz, Jacob Bast, Charles 
W. Berger, Thomas A. Brown, Andrew 
Bucher, John Birckenbach, Jr., William Brit- 
ton, Peter Barr, Joseph Banner, Michael 
Bleckle, William Clemens, Peter Clemens, 
Jacob Christ, Charles Chaundy, Martin Cary, 
John Collahan, Alexander Dubbs, Victor 
Dubbs, August Dorschki, Henry Ecker, Jo- 
seph Eick, William Fritz, Joseph Fessler, Ir- 
win Fessler, William H. Filbert, Henry A. 
Fry, Henry Ferst, Reuben Fertig, Joseph 
Fisher, Jacob Gnoreck, Andrew Glennan, 
Richard H. L. Goebell, John Grossen, Nicho- 
las Grosz, John Herbert, Henry Hehn, Henry 
Hartenstein, John E. Harvey, -Franklin Har- 
vey, John Hardenack, Jacob Huber, Jr., John 
Hornish, Henry I. Keefer, William Kutz, 
Lewis Kotchin, James Keesey, Jacob H. Keif- 
fer, Reuben Ksercher, Marcus Luckinbill, Wil- 
liam A. Leffler, John Lewis, Bernhard Litman, 

Matthew Lambert, George Langben, Cornelius 
McNulty, Peter McMannmin, John McGarrity, 
Peter McOnenny, John McDonnel, James Mc- 
Girr, Andrew Martin, John Matten, William 
Mangold, Daniel Martin, Solomon Moyer, 
Jacob L. Mennig, Joseph Mennig, Joseph 
Moreheiser, Charles Miller, Henry Miller, 
John Miller, George Hagle, Jacob Oarther, 
James Owens, Henry Oarther, Moritz Oes- 
treich, John Purcel, Richard Rahn, William 
Reiweld, Isaac Reed, Reuben Rishel, John 
Reed, Israel Reed, William B. Reinhoehl, Peter 
Redinger, George Remer, Ferdinand Rein- 
hard, Thomas Scanlen, Michael Shawnessy, 
Jacob B. Snyder, William Shirk, Henry Sterner, 
Jeremiah Sterner, Joseph Sterner, Frederick 
Seigel, Frederick Seiber, William B. Snyder, 
Christian Seibert, John Thornish, Charles 
Tomas, William Tovey, Charles F. Umben- 
hauer, Francis Vaughn, August Wolf, Jacob 
Wanner, Levi Wolf, Albert Wike, Charles 
Williams, John Wetzell, Henry Zimmerman. 

Company C. 

Officers. — Captain, William H. Lessig. First 
lieutenant, Isaac E. Severn ; seond, Samuel R. • 
Russell. Sergeants — Edwin L. Severn, Alex- 
ander Allison, William Buckley, Louis A. 
Bruns, Henry Fisher. Corporals— William 
Freast, Jacob Epting, James B. Oliver, David 
Williams, David E. Rishel, Hugh Stevenson, 
Thomas Hilton, George W. Holder. Drum- 
mer, Elias B. Trifoos. Fifer, Stephen Jones. 
Wagoner, John H. H. Hanley. Clerk, Edward 
J. Phillips. 

PHvates.—]o\m Allison, John Alles, John 
Allen, Joseph Ashworth, John Billey, John 
W. Balliet, Joseph Beadle, Arthur Brannagan, 
William Brannan, Sylvanus Bishop, Charles 
Bast, William Beadle, Louis Bocam, James 
Boyd, John Brobst, Patrick Burns, John J. 



Crosland, Martin Curry, John W. Curry, Nich- | 
olas Dindorff, George Delgar, David Davis, 
William Davenport, John Davis, Samuel Davis, 
George W. Farrel, John Frazer, Samuel Fisher, 
John Fisher, George W. Foltz, Charles C. 
Fox, James Flaney, Henry Groatman, Thomas 
Garis, William I lay, Bryan Haley, John Hart- 
man, Joseph Hober, John W. Hall, James 
Jennings, Jenkin Jones, John F. Kluck, Fran- 
cis Knittle, William Kind, David Kuhns, 
Christopher Kane, James Lafferty, Hugh I. 
Lynch, William Miller, Franklin Matz, Saul 
McMinnzie, William Milnes, Amos Merker, 
William Madara, John McCaffrey, Edward 
McAndrew, John Moore, John Noble, John 
Nimelton, Thomas Oliver, John Paul, Henry 
Rittman, August Richter, Joseph Rarig, Pat- 
rick Reagan, Reuben Rishel, Thomas Rad- 
burn, Charles Shelly, Augustus Smith, Jacob 
Saylor, John Suddon, Emanuel Saylor, George 
Saylor, Martin Sipe, Henry Stubblebine, Mar- 
tin Spence, Boas G. Smith, Gabriel Schollen- 
berger, John Simpson, Edward Thomas, David 
Thomas, Alexander Yost, Thomas Williams, 
Perry Watts, James Wolfinger. 

Company D. 

Officers. — Captain, John T. Boyle. First 
lieutenant, Zaccus P. Boyer; second, John T. 
Hammer. Sergeants— Amos Forceman, Ira 
Troy, Charles Beaumont, Ezra Hendley. Cor- 
porals—William Henry, George Leech, W il- 
liam Hart, James Sands, James Scofield, 
Thomas D. Price, James Gough, George W. 
Thompson, William Morris Lashorn. Clerk, 
Michael A. Welsh. Drummers — John Price, 
Robert L. Wright. Wagoner, William Mc- 

Privates. — William Adcock, John Boyle, 
William Becker, Jonas Becker, Charles Bur- 
ton, John Black, Tlxpmas Campbell, William 

Campbell, Kyram Comefort, William Cooper, 
John Cunningham, John Carr, William Corby, 
F. N. Douden, Edmund Davis, John Daugh- • 
erty, James Doyle, David Evans, David Ed- 
wards, P. Ferfao, Edward Freel, Samuel Fred- 
ericks, Joseph Farrel, T. Grant, Jno. Geeen- 
wood, J. T. Hannuni, Elijah Hart, Jacob Hart, 
Frederick Heitzer, James Hughes, Edward 
Henry, William P. Jones, Enos Jones, Thomas 
Jones, William Jones, William Kenley, George 
Kepler, Luke Kelly, Jacob Krauch, Gomer 
Llewellyn, David Lewis, John Morgan, Wil- 
liam W. Moyer, Thomas Morgan, Patrick 
Morrisey, John Mort, William Moffit, Edward 
Mason, John Mc(Jlonf, Milton Moycr, Charles 
Xcwton, William I'rasser, Dennis I'urcell, 
Henry Peckmon, Thomas Rccsc, George 
Ritzel, John Stewart, Samuel Seitzinger, Mich- 
ael Sands, George Symons, Thomas Shuttle- 
worth, Cornelius Shooelin, Walter Thomas, 
George A. Thomas, Jones Vondcrslice, Klias 
Walters, Daniel Wolff. John L. Williams, 
David D. Williams, Thomas D. Williams, 
Thomas Wickersham. 

Company E. 

Officers. — Captain, James Russel. First 
lieutenant, John S. Oberrender; second, John 
F. Robins. Sergeants — Charles C Russel, 
Philip W. Cool, Thomas 11. Reed, William 
Maybcrr)-, Evan Thomas. Corporals — Wil- 
liam Whitebread, John Kelly, Nathan Santec, 
Edward Moncton, Henry Quinn, Stephen 
Horn, W'iUiam W. Cares, William Zigler. 
Musicians — John Waters, George Sterling. 
Wagoner, John Augustine. 

Privates. — ^John A. Aixler, James B. Ayres, 
John Black, Cyrus Burkhart, John P. Brennan, 
John D. Brennan. Reuben Boyer. Henry S, 
Best. Reuben Balliet, John Balliet, William 
Bar. William Bennic. Josiah HaJlict, John 



Crowley, Thomas Comerford, Martin Carey, 
Samuel Davis, Patrick Dunn, Lewis Frantz, 
Lewis Frederick, John Foley, Herbert Fletcher, 
Emanuel Fry, Ferdinand Fry, William George, 
Thomas Geinen, Stephen Gross, Charles Geti- 
kee, Henry Hoffman, Aaron Hettinger, David 
Howard, Joseph Huber, John H. Hamer, As- 
bury Johnson, Joseph W. Jarrard, Jacob Jones, 
William H. Kuhns, Albert Klinger, Wil- 
liam Kirk, Eli Kener, Francis Kemp, Zach- 
arias Kramer, Morgan Lukenbill, Samuel 
Seiwel, Abraham Schleppy, Jacob Smith, 
Samuel Mumaw, Michael Mackey, James P. 
McGinnes, John Merril, James Muldowney, 
John Miller, Benjamin Mitchel, Daniel McCoU, 
Samuel McAffee, James Nicholas, Michael 
Naughton, John Naughton, John N. Oberren- 
der, Edward Oplinger, Edward Onspoch, 
Charles Fallen, John S. Painter, John Pope, 
Henry Roth, James S. Russel, William S. 
Ramsey, William Riley, Nicholas Spohr, Cyrus 
Shearer, Adolphus Steigner, Peter Smith, Wil- 
liam Sharg, Gustavus G. Schollenberger, Wil- 
liam E. Stookey, James Sands, William Trout, 
Otto G. H. Vogel, Daniel Wallen, Daniel 
Woodring, Henry Weigner, Jacob W. Wood- 
ring, Jeremiah Weaver, Mark Whitebread, 
Jeremiah Woodring, Joseph Yost. 

Company F. 

Officers. — Captain, Joseph Anthony. First 
lieutenant, John Dougherty; second, Charles 
Dougherty. Sergeants — Michael Boland, Den- 
nis Carrol, James Casey, John Brennan, Thos. 
Tremble. Corporals — Thomas Tracy, Philip 
Reilly, Richard Walsh, Robert Borland, James 
Brady, William McAHster, Aaron Williams, 
'Patrick Sullivan. Musicians — William Moor- 
head, Solomon Spohn. 

Privates. — Edward Anspach, Michael Ary, 
Michael Boren, Daniel Boren, Thomas Boren, 

George Barnes, Anthony Barnes, Francis 
Blizzard, Uriah Barry, John Boyle, Edward 
Britt, David T. Brown, John Broms, Patrick 
Curtin, Michael Cavanaugh, Michael Carrol, 
Samuel Cowley, Michael Connery, Timothy 
Curtin, Thomas Curry, Jerry Daneen, James 
Durkin, James Dunnigan, William Duyer, 
Patrick Dooley, John Donahue, Patrick Fer- 
rence, Jr., Daniel Faust, Bonaparte Fell, Ed- 
ward Ford, M. Flemming, Hugh Glacken, 
Patrick Glennon, Andrew Glennon, Philip 
Gouldin, John Healy, Sr., John Healy, Jr., 
Martin Hamburg, Bernard Horan, Francis 
Harris, William Hifferon, John Higgins, John 
Healy, Jeremiah Hartness, John Hauly, Daniel 
King, William Kirk, Patrick Kennedy, James 
Keating, Rodger Kain, Michael Cavanaugh, 
George Lee, Michael Leary, Edward Moor- 
head, Thomas Marshall, Andrew Martin, 
Daniel McCole, Michael Moran, William 
Moran, Michael McBride, Luke McKall, 
Patrick Martin, Alexander Marshall, James 
Muldowney, Bernard Mathew, Sylvester Mad- 
dock, William Manates, Patrick Nevins, Dom- 
inick O'Donnell, John O'Donnell, Edward 
Phillips, James Purcell, Thomas Purcell, Pat- 
rick Powers, John Quinn, William Quirk, 
James Ruddy, Michael Ryan, Lawrence Ryan, 
John T. Simpson, William Smith, Edward 
Shere, Daniel Sweeney, Cornelius Shonelin, 
John Salmon, Edward Shilds, Thos. Thomas, 
John Tremble, James Whelan, John Ward, 
Patrick Ward, John Welsh. 

Company G. 

Officers.— Zz.^'ud^m, James N. Douden.- First 
lieutenant, Jacob W. Haas; second, A. S. 
Fesig. Sergeants— Frank N. Douden, John 
Williams, Jacob Allvord, Benjamin B. Wag- 
ner, William H. Fesig. Corporals — Amos 
Kuntzleman, Jonathan Bear, Jacob K. Bueh- 



ler, Henry Keiser, John C. Gratz, Alfred D. 
Hans, Layayette Billig, James M. Feree. 
Musicians — James Zulich, Joseph Workman. 
Wagoner, Nathan Herb. 

Privates. — Julian Bade, Edward Blanch, 
John Borkelbach, Samuel Coley, Lewis I. Fey, 
John L. Grim, John Gloss, John Goodfellow, 
George Heebner, Frank Harrison, John Kcl- 
legher, John McCormick, Jacob Nice, William 
Reynolds, Fred. Sell, Abraham Strawser, Peter 
Senger, William W. Thompson, Mark Trifoos. 

Company H. 

Officers. — Captain, Charles D. Hippie. I-iist 
lieutenant, Henry Roycr; second lieutenant, 
William J. Martz. Sergeants — William V.. 
Reilly, William II. Davis„ Jacob Brubakcr, 
George E. Hughes, Joseph S. Johnson. Cor- 
•porals — Daniel B. Hartline, Henry F. llun- 
sicker, John S. Keely, John M. Hughes, Juhn 
K. Fcrnsler, Charles S. Colt, Josc[)h Monday, 
Cornelius McNulty. Musicians — Francis Reed. 
Charles Yost. Wagoner, Conrad Bordell. 

Privates. — David Alvord, \Vm, Ashenfclter, 
Jr., Wm. Britton, Martin Brcnnan, James Bas- 
sington, Saml. Brobst, John Brobst, Napoleon 
Bickleman, Nicholas Bower, Christian Biddle, 
Adam Bordel, John Boyer, Emanuel Conrad, 
John Cavenaugh, James Carl, Patrick Callen. 
Daniel Campbell, Terrence Cunningham, Mat- 
thew Cosgrove, James Carrol, John Caligan, 
John Carfield, William H. Crossland, Edward 
Conrad, Romanus Conrad, Morris Clancy, 
John Cleary, Richard Davis, Denni^ Delaney, 
Daniel Davis, George W. Dull, John Don- 
nelly, William S. Evans, Daniel Kii!^t'.--»^I,ichacl Keating, Henry Russell, James Mc- 
Richard Evans, Jonathan Erdman. Jol^n'^oE:* C^ii^il, John Haley, Patrick Curran, James 
Evans, Anthony Fisher, Patrick Fell, ^ifliaiTT — St^*;t»^» Elijah .Andrews. Musicians — IVtcr 
H. Fox, Peter Friece, John H. Iwnk, Ciia(-!»^< "AfK^Kj^, ilenry Law, Thomas Burk. Wagoner, 
Fell, John Fuller, Daniel Faust, Josi i)l\^ Gccr — AJauMS^cd. 
Jacob Gross, Thomas Garber, Philip Ox^kr, 

Joseph T. Haldeman, Edward Hudson, Michael 
Haus, John Has.set, John Haley, Charles 
Haley, Frederick Hoy, Charles W Hillegas. 
William Horn, Benjamin K. Hendricks, David 
W. Jenkins, Reuben Kaercher, Charles Kline, 
Daniel Kaercher, Joseph Kennedy, Martin 
Kelly, Henry P. Koons, Levi Kistler, Hiram 
Kimmel, George Kenley, John M. Lehman, 
Jacob Ixttich, Henry H. Lutz, David I^mp- 
block, Richard Meek, Patrick McDonald, 
William Manear, Ephraim Moscr, Patrick 
Mallon, Thomas 1, Morgan, Thomas Morgan, 
.\lbert H. Macknot, Daniel F. Mattis, Jeremiah 
Miller, James Murphy, David Mellon, ,\aron 
Miller, Michael McCormack. William Nether- 
wood, William Ortncr, Jo.scph Pasco, Patrick 
( jiiinn, Charles Schanty, Hcnr> Seifert, Chris- 
tian Seiver, Francis Strouso, Joseph Sterner, 
Samuel Shissick, John !•'. Stidham, John Scnt- 
man, James Shunk, John Shone, Frederick 
Sherry, William Sponsaler, Joseph Snyder, 
William D. Trout. James M. Treichler, David 
I' Thompson, Oliver G. Treichler, l-'rank R. 
Uiubenhaur, Patrick Virdow, Perry Watts, 
John G. Weldon, Thomas Walker, l-' 
Whetstone, I lenry Weon, William T. Williams, 
William D. Verger, Daniel D. Zollcrs, Charles 
n. Zicgler, Oliver J. Ziegler, Solomon Zimmer- 

Company \. 

Officers. — Captain, Isaac M. Cake. First 
lieutenant, Matthew Byrnes; second, J. A. 
Hennessey. Sergeants — John Bowles, John 
Killeen, Francis Canfield, Francis McGurk, 
Michael Mackey. Corporals — William Irving, 

v^'jih.'aus. — Peter Brennan, James Barry, 



James Burns, Thomas Burns, Thomas Brown, 
Thomas Boyle, Thomas Bainbridge, John 
Brennan, William Brown, Thornas Bannister, 
Thomas A. Brown, Michael Blecker, James 
Creamer, Ethan Crandle, John Crawford, 
Michael Callahan, Patrick Carl, Thomas Mor- 
gan Cadwalader, William Cusack, Patrick 
Carrol, Thomas Canton, James Curley, Patrick 
Curran, Thomas Callahan, James Conlan, John 
Dalton, JohnDooley, Samuel Davidson, Jere- 
miah Dinert, William Broyer, Edmund Davis, 
William Irvin, C. Evans, Patrick Ferns, John 
Farrel, Martin Foyles, Patrick Gavin, John 
Gleeson, Patrick Gallagher, Daniel Galahan, 
James George, James H. Higley, Emanuel 
Hewne, Brian Haley, John Harper, Stephen 
Horan, John Hobbs, John Hibbard, John 
Haley, John Harlan, Sr., William Irving, 
Lewis Kotchin, Patrick Kerns, John Cava- 
naugh, Morgan Kennedy, James Kramer, 
John Keegan, James King, John Liman, Mar- 
tin Langton, Joseph Minnich, William Mc- 
Donald, James McArdle, William Menear, 
Richard McNamara, Patrick Morris, James 
McDevit, John Morret, Thomas Morney, 
Peter McAmany, Thomas Morgan, John Mul- 
lin, Lawrence McGrath, Manus Mahaffey, 
Thomas McCormack, Thomas A. Nixon, 
Thomas Naughton, William Nixon, Peter 
O'Donnel, Timothy O'Connor, Morris Oes- 
truht, Michael O'Brian, James Owens, Patrick 
Owens, Dominick O'Donnel, John Purcell, 
James Purcell, Patrick Purcell, Thomas Ross, 
Thoftias Reilly, James Ruddy, Michael Ryan^ 
John Straham, Michael Sweeney, Fred. Seigle, 
Charles Sarney, Michael Shoughency, Thomas 
Scanlan, Daniel Sweeney, John Sullivan, John 
Samon, Jeremiah Sullivan, James Tye, Francis 
Vaughn, John Whalen, David Williams, John 
Williams, William Weakline. 

Company K. 

Officers. — Captain, Richard Budd. First 
lieutenant, George G. Boyer; second, Neill 
Coyle. Sergeants — Peter Houck, William 
Burke, Patrick Brennan, Patrick McGee, An- 
drew Anderson. Corporals — Patrick Conville, 
James Cantfield, William Brennan, Thomas 
Burns, James E. Toban, Patrick Delank, 
Thomas Moore, James E. Toban. Musicians 
Joseph Rutledge, Michael McMullen. Wag- 
oner, Daniel Lawler. 

Privates. — William Ablewright, Elisha An- 
drews, John Booth, William Brown, Michael 
Butler, Andrew Brennan, John Brennan, Geo. 
Brennan, Francis Boland, Daniel Boren, Rob- 
bin Boyle, Patrick Birney, Thomas Bergan, 
John Broderick, Larry Bradley, William Budd, 
John Collins, John Crawford, Michael Cant- 
field, John Cavenaugh, Thomas Cocklin, ' 
Kearon Comerford, Jeremiah Curn, William 
Curn, Timothy Conners, John Conners, James 
Derrah, Edward Donley, Thomas Dudley, 
William Darraugh, Luke Delaney, Philip 
Delaney, Patrick Downey, Patrick Fay, Patrick 
Ford, Patrick Fagan, John G. Farrel, John 
Farrel, Michael Flyn, Thomas Gribben, James 
Gallagher, Edward Gallagher, Daniel Galla- 
gher, Barnet Gribben, Jacob Graeff, John 
Hern, John Hollan, Andrew Hughes, Domi- 
nick Hart, Thomas Holloran, John Holloran, 
Michael Holloran, John Jenkin, James John- 
ston, Andrew Keyes, James Kerney, John 
Kelly, John Love, Patrick Laddin, John Law- 
ler, John J. Lawler, Thomas Lawler, Patrick 
McLane, John Maley, William Mofifet, Frank 
McMeaghey, Hugh Mullen, Richard Mack, 
Frank McKahia, Barney McMichael, Patrick 
McAllister, James McGuigan, Barney Mc- 
Mulligan, Henry McGrath, Patrick McGlenn, 
Michael McCarty, Patrick Maly, Michael 
Mullin, Thomas Martiij, Martin O'Brian, James 



O'Donald, John Purcell, John E. Purcell, 
Michael Quinn, John Quinn, John Ryan, 
Reece Reece, Lawrence Ryan, Ferdinand 
Reinhardt, George B. Rice, Anthony Sheri- 
dan, James Shields, James Tobin, Timothy 
Whalen, James Wilson, Patrick Welsh, Charles 

A number of the veterans of this regiment 
re-enlisted, and it received recruits to some 
extent, but not enough to enable the regiment 
to retain its organization at the expiration of 
its term of service in August, 1864. At that 
period the members were mustered out of 
service, with the exception of the following 
re-enlisted veterans and recruits. Their organ- 
ization was called the " Ninety-sixth Battalion, 
P. v.," and was temporarily attached to the 
95th regiment. There were two companies — 
E and L>- as follows : 

Recruits and Rb-enlistments, Company F,. 

Officers. — First lieutenant, Frank W. Simp- 
son ; second, Chas. C. Russell. Sergeants — 
John W. Hughes, Philip W. Cool, William 
Smith, Joseph Gee, Reuben Balliet. Cor- 
porals — William Beynon, William Daniels, 
Daniel T. Wallen, William D. Traut, John 
Foley, Lewis Frederick, John Miller, James 
M. Denn. Musicians — George Sterling, Solo- 
mon Spohn. 

Privates. — James Bartholomew, John Berd- 
nia, William Brown, William Britten, George 
Barnes, Levi Bittenbender, Henry Buff, Levi 
Buchman, William Bell, James N. Canfield, 
Mashloc Clifton, Martin Gary, Stephen Drcsher, 
Jeremiali Dernecr. John Donegan, Christian 
Earnst, John Evans, Henry A. Fry, Edward 
Ford, George K. Fry, Charles C. Fox, Aaron 
F. Hettinger, George H. Hartman, Reuben 
I Idler, James Hollister, David 1 loward, David 
Jones, Levi Klingcr, Jeremiah Klinger, Joseph 

Keeler, George Kromas, Levi Kromas, Elias 
Kisppaugh, George Londsedle, John Lafferty, 
William Leffler, Adolph Lutz, Bernard Lit- 
man, Matthew Lambert, Daniel Martin, Ed- 
ward W. Miles, Alexander Marshal, Stephen 
Mensinger, Samuel Martz, Matthew Morrel, 
Joseph Ming, Samuel Muman, John McXulte, 
Henry Neathamer, Richard Noble, David 
Nans, Charles Paden, Thomas Purcell, William 
S. Ramsey, James Sands, Peter Stair, John T. 
Simpson, George Stcgner, Sylvester Symns, 
Samuel Sciwell, Tilman Seiwell, Jos. Schwartz, 
John Thompson, Emanuel Templer, John 
Washburn, John Whctzcl, Michael A. Welsh. 
Henry Woodring, William Woodring, Jacob 
Wright, Libert J. Welsh. 

Recruits anh Re-enlistments, Company \.. 

Officers. — First lieutenant, Lewis Luckcn- 
biU. Sergeants — William Currcn, John Sulli- 
van, John Welsh, Charles Fisher. Corporals 
— Arthur Brannegan, James Soye, Thomas 
Gribben. Musician, James Zulich. 

Piivcites. — W'ni. Adcock, Thomas Becker, 
I^wrence Bradley, John Broderick, James 
Carlin, William H. Crosson, George W. Dull, 
Patrick Downley, John Donnelly, Hugh Gar- 
rigan, Charles Haley, Dominic Hart, Jacob 
Kranch, John Cavanaugh, Gomer Llewellyn, 
John Lannan, Paddy Laddy, Thomas Moor, 
Thomas L. Morgan, James Murphy, John 
McCarty, Lawrence McGrath, Adam Rcb, 
Charles Shelly, J. Salmon, Solomon Zimmer- 

Other Recruits. 

In addition to the above are the following 
. names of men of Schuylkill county who en- 
listed in tlie regiment in the spring of 1864 : 

James Brennan, William H. Bell, Edward 
Comford, Thomas Fogarity, John Follman, 
Michael Gallagher, Daniel Hennessey, John 



Luke, Michael Mack, John Murray, Michael 
Murphy, Thomas Maley, James Moran, Mat- 
thew Muldowney, Michael P. O'Brian, Hugh 
O'Brian, John O'Brian, James O'Neal, Patrick 
Ryan, James Ryan, John Sullivan, William 
Treiny, Charles Woodford. 

In the battles of South Mountain and An- 
tietam : 

Killed. — Lewis S. Martin, John Dougherty, 
Co. F; Sol. McMinzie, Co. B; Gomer Jones, 
Co. A. ; Martin Sipe, Co. C ; Thomas Reese, 
Thomas D. Williams, Co. D; Otto G. H. 
Vogle, Co. E ; Thomas Heines, Co. G ; Chris- 
tian Beidle, John Haley, Henry Z. Koons, 
John Sentman, Oliver G. Treichler, Charles B. 
Ziegler, Co. H ; William Weaklin, George 
James, Co. I ; Patrick McAllister, Barney 
McMichael, Co. K. 

Wounded. — Edward Thomas, Co. A; John 
Van Hollan, Co. B : Alexander Allison, Thos. 
Oliver, Co. C ; Joseph S. Johnson, George E. 
Hughes, Co. H ; Frank Hanley, Co. A ; Thos. 
Hilton, Co. C; Patrick Sullivan, Co. F; Rich- 
ard Brennan, Edward .Fenstermacher, Caleb 
Kinzi, Edward McCormack, Co. A ; John 
Frazer, Charles Bast, Hugh Lynch, David 
Thomas, Arthur Branagan, Co. C ; John Carr, 
William Campbell, Co. D ; Benjamin Mitchell, 
Co. E ; Michael Connery, Andrew Glennon, 
John O'Donnell, Thomas Tracy, Francis Har- 
ris, Co. F ; Joshua Strasser, Joshua Workman, 
John D. Grim, James Kaercher, Louis Fritz, 
Joel\ Bard, Abraham Strasser, Robert D. 
Weaver, Israel Strasser, Co. G ; William 
Horn, John Cleary, David P. Thompson, 
David Mellon, Aaron Miller, Michael McCor- 
mack, Jeremiah Miller, David D. Jenkins, 
Thomas L. Morgan, William Ortner, Patrick 
Fell, Peter Triese, Anthony Fisher, Co. H ; 
John B. Davis, Thomas Boyle, Peter McAn- 

nany, Daniel Sweeny, Manus McAfifrey, Boyd 
S. Campbell, Michael Callahan, John Lennon, 
Co. I ; Jeremiah Curran, Thomas Gribbon, 
Patrich Welsh, Patrick Delaney, Michael Mc- 
Carty, John Broderick, Barnett McMulligan, 
Jacob Graeff, John Hollan, Charles Westher, 
Patrick Conville, John G. Farrell, Patrick Fay, 
Michael Holleron, Co. K. 

In the battle of Chancellorsville r 
Killed. — Evan Thomas, Company E; 
Michael Mackey, Company I; William Ma- 
dara. Company C ; James Schofield, Company 
D ; D. Hartling, Company H ; Joseph Fess- 
ler. Company B ; Michael Connery, Thomas 
Purcell, Company F; Martin Kelly, Peter 
Fries, William Kloss, Joseph T. Holderman, 
John Coffield, Company H ; John Farrell, 
Company K. 

Wounded. — Lieutenant Van Hollah, Com- 
pany B ; A. Allison, Company C ; John 
Oberrender, Company E; Thomas Brown, 
Thomas Houck, Company A ; H. P. Barr, 
Company B ; William Freast, Company C ; 
Frank Dondin, Company G ; Jacob Brubaker, 
Company H ; John Bower, Company F ; John 
H. Higley, Company A ; D. E. Reshell, Com- 
pany C ; Charles Newton, Company D ; La- 
fayette Billig, Company G ; John Keely, 
C. Robb, Company H ; Brennan, Com- 
pany K ; William Daniels, John Stodd, Ed- 
ward Lennon, Company A; Jer. Sterner, 
Charles Williams, Charles Sterner, Company 
B; John Davis, Henry Shebblebine, Martin 
Spence, Company C ; Luke Kelly, John Black, 
Edmond Davis, Walter Thomas, John L. 
Williams, Company D ; Daniel McCall, Jacob 
. Smith, Peter Smith, Mark Whitehead, Com- 
pany E; James H. Hayes, Hugh Glackin, 
Hugh Keenan, John O'Donnell, Company F; 
John Shollenberger, Edwin Moyer, John S. 
Rentx, Lewis Fritz, John Perkey, Company 



G; Daniel Campbell, Michael McCormick, 
Henry H. Lutz, Oliver J. Zeigler, H. J. Eve- 
land, Napoleon Breckleman, James Brassing- 
ton, Company H ; Lawrence McGrath, James 
Coulter, Walter Kenney, Boyd S. Campbell, 
Thomas Scanlin, Company F; Thomas Martin, 
Thomas Moore, Barney Griffin, Company K. 

Missing. — David Pritchard, Company A ; 
Henry Fisher, Company C ; John Allison, 
Company C ; George Brazier, William Brown, 
Company A ; Jacob Bast, Joseph Eich, Lewis 
Kothey, James Kesey, Joseph Merchciscr, 
Company B; John Miller, Company E; Mor- 
ris Chancey, Charles Haley, A. Long, J. R. 
Smith, John G. Weldon, Company H ; Joseph 
S. Harvey, Company I; John Brennan, John 
Hassett, Company K. 

From the 5th to the i6th of May, 1864: 

Killid. — Edward Thomas, Company A ; S, 
Fisher, Company C; William Zigler, Francis 
Kemp, Company IC ; Benjamin 1". Wagner, 
James Ferree, Company G ; Wm. B. Reinoehl, 
Company B ; Geo. Delkcr, Company C ; James 
Gough, Company D ; Josh. Workman, Com- 
pany G; William Brennan, Company K; 
James Sexton, Alexander Smith, John Stodd, 
Company A; Andrew Bucher, H. J. Keefer, 
Company B ; J. Davis L. A. Bruns, Company 
C ; Samuel McAfee, Jacob Wright, William 
W'oodring, Solomon Moyer, Company E ; 
Bartholomew Haffey, John Harley, Jr., Com- 
pany F ; Frank Workman, James Betz, Com- 
pany G ; John H. Stedham, Daniel Campbell, 
Company H ; Patrick Kelly, Company I ; 
Thomas Lawler, Martin O'Brien, James Mo- 
ran, Company K. 

Wounded. — E. J. Phillips, Company F ; E. 
L. Severn, Company K ; John S, Obearender, 
Company E ; Joseph Johnson, Company H ; 
Michael Mackey. Company I ; P. H. Barr, 
Company B ; George Foltz, James B. Oliver, 

Company C ; Ezra Hendley, Company D ; 
John Ixler, Company E ; Philip Reilly. Wil- 
liam McAllister, Company F ; John Williams. 
Jacob AUword, Company G; William Able- 
white, Company K ; Wm. Bynoon, Company 
A; John E. Harney, John Hardnack, F. A 
Sndyer, Company B ; Chas. Fisher, Company 
C ; John Foley, James M Denn, Company E ; 
Bonny Fell, Patrick Martin, Company F; J. 
Jerome MuUer, Company G; John Shan, 
Joseph Mudey, John Boyer, Company H ; 

John Sullivan, Company I ; Delaney, 

Company K; William Brown, John Done- 
gan, John I'oK lur, Ktlw.inl Fenstermacher, 
Daniel Hartlcin, Henry Xcidhannuers, Nicho 
las Yost, Matthew Morell, James Lee, Com- 
pany A ; Joel Wanner, Vict. Dubbs, Joseph 
Minnig, Wm A. Leffler, Joseph Sterner, Win. 
M.ingold, I'led. Reinhard, Wm. Britten, Jos. 
ICich, Sol. Moyer, Company B ; John Evans, 
.Martin Currcy, John Hartman, John Simpson, 
Cyrus Shearer, Martin Carey, Adolph Lutz, 
Jacob Saylor, Wm. Beadle, Company C ; 
George A. Thomas, Jacob Hart, Wm. Camp- 
bell, Company D; l.e\i Billheimer, Christian 
Ernst, Baron Hettinger, George Sandseidlc, 
Richard Noble, Sanfj. D. Sager, Charles Shadle, 
Jacob Sims, Sjlvcster Sims, Manasses Dutter, 
Jesse Welsh, Enoch Hunmiel, George Kramer, 
Henry Bislien, George St.iLjner, Levi Bittenben- 
der.Wm. Ramsay, Company E; Mich.icl Cava- 
naugh,Thomas Marshall, John O'Donnell, John 
Haely, Sr., George Barnes, Company F; John 
Beard, George C. Bear, Philip Batdorf, Joseph 
Balliet, Lewis Fritz, John Luke, Edward Pugh, 
John Schollenberger, Daniel Stahl, Israel 
Strasser, Company G ; Abraham Long, Henry 
H. Lutz, Nap. Beckleman, James Brassington, 
Wni. H. Grossen, Thomas Walker, Frank 
Whetstone, Company H ; John Samon, Timo- 
thy O'Connor, Lawrence McGrath, John 



Shannon, Peter Kelly, Walter Kenney, Ethan 
Crandel, Company I ; Daniel Hennessy, John 
G. Farrell, Pat. Ryan, Samuel Bell, Andrew 
Hughes, Thomas Maley, Company K. 

Missing. — Wm. Lord, David Pritchard, 
Daniel Bonewitz, C. F. Umbenhower, Company 
B; David Williams, Company Cj Charles 
Beaumont, Samuel Seitzinger, Company D ; 
Chauncey Nugent, Edward McCormick, 
Michael Larkin, Company A ; Frank Knittle, 
Company C; Henry Roth, Levi Frederick, 
Company E ; Thomas Curry, Company F ; 
Joseph Workman, Eben M. Geary, Edwin 
Moyer, Company G ; John Reed, Company 
B; Edward Friel, Company D; Casper Hut^ 
ter. Christian Kernisel, Elias Kisback, Albert 
Kringer, John Krammer, Richard Lutcy, John 
Snyder, Company E; Sylvester Maddox, 
Company F ; Daniel Betz, Eli Hardinger, 
David Machemer, John Perkey, Henry Rom- 
berger, Henry Wrenger, David Williams, 
Company G; Daniel Engel, Jonathan Erd- 
man. Company H ; James Murphy, Matthew 
Muldowney, Company K. 

In other engagements : 

Killed. — Frank Umbenhower, Company B ; 
Jacob Wagner, Company E. 

Wounded. — Major Huber, Captain Van 
Hollen, Adjutant Hannum ; William McAl- 
lister, Company I ; B. Fame, Company F ; 
Joseph Gile, Patrick McClinchey, Company 
A ; Samuel Fisher, John Jones, Company C ; 
G. Roomes, Henry Woodring, Company E ; 
Frank Wagner, Company G ; Thomas Grib- 
bin, Company K; R. S. Johnson, Fred J. 
Avery, Company not known. 

Mortuary Record. 

Killed, Major J. Martin. Died of Wounds, 
Adjutant John T. Hammon. 

Company A. — Killed or Died of Wounds: 

Edward Thomas, Jonas M. Rich, Thomas G. 
Houck, Gomer Jones, John H. Higley, Levi 
Glass, Hugh B. Nugent, Alexander Rogers, 
Henry Stonefield, Henry C. Simpson, Nicho- 
las Yost, James Sexton, Alexander Smith,. 
John T. Stodd, Chauncey K. Nugent. Died 
of Disease : Charles F. Hoffman, Frank Han- 
ley, Michael Carroll, John Madison, Michael 
Nash, Henry Reinhart, John Reed, Elijah 

Company B. — Killed or Died of Wounds: 
Ernst T. EUrichs, William B. Rineacht, Joseph 
Fessler, Andrew Bucher,, William Mangold. 
Died of Disease: Michael Bleekle, Charles 
Channely, Henry Eckler, George Nagle, 
Henry Sterner, William Kutz, A. Wilkes. 

Company C. — Killed or Died of Wounds: 
Alexander Allison, William Freast, John Alli- 
son, George Delker, Martin Sipe, Samuel 
McMunzie, Wijliam Madara, Henry Stub- 
blebine, Louis A. Brims, Samuel Fisher, 
John Davis. Died of Disease : James Wol- 
finger, John W. Hall, Alexander Martin, 
Alexander Rost, August Richter, William 
Kind, Henry Hanley, S. Bishop. 

Company D. — Killed or Died of Wounds : 
James Schofield,. James Gough, Charles New- 
ton, John Black, John Carr, William Corby, 
James Hughes, Thomas Rease, Jonas Van- 
derslice, Thomas D. Williams. Died of Dis- 
ease : William Becker, Charles Burton, Thos. 
Campbell, John Dougherty, Luke Kelly, 
Michael Sands, Cornelius Shovelin, S. Cover. 

Company E. — Killed or Died of Wounds : 
William Mayberry, William Zigler, Francis 
Kemp, Evan Thomas, Christian Cammersel, 
Samuel Sager, Jacob Wright, Samuel Mc- 
Affer, William Woodring, Solomon Moyer, 
John A. Ailer, Otto G. H. Vogel. Died of 
Disease: Nathan Santee, Edward Mouckler, 
Stephen Gross, Charles Gelighe, William H. 



Kuhns, William C. Stookey, Joseph Yost, 
John Merril, J. Benzinger. 

Company F. — Killed or Died of Wounds: 
John Dougherty, Michael Boland, Dennis 
Carroll, R. Welsh, Patrick Ferns, Michael, 
Connery,John Healy, Jr.,Barth Hoffy, Thomas 
Marsher. Died of Disease : Patrick Kennedy, 
Joseph Whelan, Patrick Glennon, John Ha- 
ley (3d). 

Company G. — Killed or Died of Wounds: 
Benjamin B. Wagner, Joseph Ferree, Joshua 
Workman, James Betz, Thomas Haines, Mc- 
Coy Sargent, Frank Freen. Died of Disease: 
Simon Brobst, Philip Batdorf, Charles Henry 
Cook, Marks Trifoos, James Hill, Elias Stras- 
ser, William Thompson, Joseph Workman, 
Samuel Williams. 

Company H. — Killed or Died of Wounds: 
Daniel B. Hartline, Daniel Campbell, Peter 
Fries, Martin Kelly, William Klass, Henry 
T. Koons, John Sentman, John H. Stedman, 
Oliver G. Treichler, Chas. B. Zergler, Christian 
Bidel, James Brassington, John Claicy, John 
Haley, Joseph T. Holdcman, Aaron Miller, 
Jeremiah Miller. Died <f Disensc : Conrad 
Berdel, John Coffield, Conrad Romanus, Jesse 
Dc Frehn, Daniel Karcher, Levi D. Kistler, 
Michael Nans, Joseph Snyder, William Spon- 

CoMi ANY I. — Killed or Died of Wounds: 
Francis Canfield, Martin Foyle, George James, 
Patrick Kelly, Thomas Scanlan, William 
Wickham, Timothy O'Connor, John Mor, 
Patrick P'crns. Died of Disease: Patrick 
Owens, William O'Brien, William Ni.xon, 
James II. Higley, Joseph Walderman, John 

C<iMPANV K. — Killea or Died of Wounds: 
Thomas Burns, Patrick McAllister, Barney 
McMichacl, John Ryan, Michael Hollahan, 
Patrick Fay, John Farrell, William Brennan, 

Thomas Lawler, Martin O Brien,John Maley. 
Died of Disease : O'Neal Coyle, James K. 
Tobin, Thomas Bergen, James Canfield, Hugh 
Smith, John Collins, James N. Tobin, Patrick 
McGree, Daniel Boran, Charles Wessner, John 
Lawler, Philip Delaney, John Kelly. 


Schuylkill county had seventy-five men in 
the 99th regiment, whose organization was 
completed in February, 1862. It was engaged 
at Grovetou, and at Fredericksburg. In the 
spring of 1864 a l.irj^e number of the men re- 
enlisted, and the regiiiRiit served in the Wil- 
derntss and bef<)rc Petersburg. 

The following were from Schuylkill county 
.Michael .Maioy, Stephen Maloy, James Dur- 
rah, Henry Williams, John Keim, John Kerns, 
John Sullivan, John H.immell, John I^ewis, 
Peter TomkiiiMiit. Charles Wliitmire, Robert 
Thomas, James MuUhall, William R. Williams, 
Morgan HuKhcs, John Beadle, Thomas Rus 
.sell, William Samuel Russell, John Hummel, 
James Rice, John Nh Kornan, Andrew Murphy, 
James Toohey, John Schweider, Patrick Foley, 
Samuel Steelfa.x, James Feanner>'. 


This regiment, which was organized in the 
autumn of 1861, received a company from 
Schuylkill county in January, 1.H64, while it was 
engaged in the siege of Charleston. It re- 
turned to Hilton Head, went to Florida, and 
after a month came to .\lexandria, \^a. On 
the expiration of its term of enlistment the 
veterans and recruits were organized into a 
battalion, which ser\ed till the close of the war. 

Three men from Schuylkill county went out 
with this regiment : Jonathan Kennedy, Moses 
Nunemacher and Benjamin Miller. 

The following is a copy of the muster roll of 
the company from Schuylkill county 



Officers. — Captain, J. W. Kantner. First 
lieutenant, W. A. Christian ; second, Elias 
Sassaman. Sergeants— Henry C. Boyer, Aaron 
King, James Moyer, Charles D. Purcell, Frank 
B. GraeiF. Corporals — Holden Chester, James 
Hodgkins, "William H. Roehrig, Joel Sassa- 
man, Israel Britton, Joseph Hodgkins, John 
Hunlock, John Realley. Musicians — ^John 
Moyer, James Sterling. 

Privates. — William Alberton, James Bachart, 
Joseph Becker, Gideon Bilman, Francis Bream, 
Daniel Brobst, John Bowman, Michael M. 
Bachart, Samuel Baker, William Cook, Charles 
Campbell, Hugh Callahan, Peter Connelly, 
John W. Crosley, Jacob Doubenspeck, Henry 
J. Donahue, Edward DonaglifF, Daniel Eckrcth, 
Edward Ebert, Daniel H. Foust, John Fero, 
Thomas Fay, John Fries, Aaron Froutz, Jonas 
Froutz, Henry Fleckinstine, Jos. Geiger, Wm. 
Gettis, John Hess, Frank Hollenbach, Isaac 
Hinckley, John Haggarty, James B. Hullehu, 
James Heartman, William Harting, James 
James, I,ewis Kemmerer, Elias Kocker, Heze- 
kiah Karshner, Francis Karshner, Samuel 
* Koenig, Solomon Koenig, James Lorah, Ed- 
ward Lorah, Obadiah lyevan, Samuel Long, 
lyevi R. Miller, Joseph Miller, George W. 
Moyer, John J. Morgan, David Morgan, David 
Ocker, John O'Brien, James Ormes, Thomp- 
son Price, Robert Paugh, William Reger, John 
Reger, Thomas Riley, I^evi Rubrecht, Benne- 
ville Schuck, Philip Sweigert, Wm. Swenter,. 
Peter Steigerwalt, Aaron Steigerwalt, James 
Trine, Charles Wummer, l,eviWertman, Philip 
Wertman, Harrison Wagner, William Zellner. 


This regiment, organized in the spring of 
1862, had about forty men from Schuylkill 
county. It served in the Shenandoah valley, 
in the Rappahannock and Rapidan campaigns, 
at the second battle of Bull Run, South Moun- 
tain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellors- 

ville, Gettysburg, and in the campaign in the 
valley of Virginia. In 1864, nearly the whole 
regiment re-enlisted, and on their return from 
their furlough were engaged in the campaign 
in front of Petersburg, at the close of the war. 
The regiment was discharged injuly, 1865. 
The following were from Schuylkill county: 
Nathan Dinger, John Zeigler, James B. 
Hetherington, John Sullivan, Samuel Kraffert, 
John Ryan, Isaac P. I,ykens, James Cochlin, 
John Ziegler, John M. Work, George Mander, 
John Weber, Captain James A. Moore, Chris- 
tian Scheck, John M. Boyer, John Donehugh, 
Thomas Sullivan, Jeremiah McCarty, Edward 
Reilly, Patrick Kelly, Thomas Brennan, 
Thomas Sullivan, Harrison Wm. Mannriller, 
Folletin Hershman, Francis Heilner, Benne- 
ville Hoyer, Reuben Miller, Wendel Miller, 
Moses Carl, Ellis Dietrich, George Huber, 
Henry Heckler, Henry Hoy, Samuel Lehman, 
John Lehr, David Reed, Frederick Scheck, 
William Sterner, Nicholas Snyder, George 
Nagle, Philip Clouser, Lieutenant Hiram 
Chance, Henry Kegey, John Fox. 


In August and September, 1861, the one 
hundred and eighth was raised, and early in 
1865 about forty men from this county were 
placed in it after its veterans had re-enlisted. 
In the spring it was attached to General Sheri- 
dan's army, and served till the close of the 
war. • 

It was engaged at Five Forks and at Appo- 
mattox Court-house. It lost in this brief cam- 
paign three officers killed and twenty-six en- 
listed men killed and wounded. " It captured 
one hundred and ten field-pieces, forty-one 
mortars, six heavy guns, one hundred and 
twenty carriages and caissons, seven forges and 
a large quantity of ammunition and other 
stores." It was mustered out August 13, 



Companies A and M included the following 
from this county : 

John Allen, John G. Buhl, Edward Bricer, 
Maner Conahan, Daniel Christian, John Hayes, 
Henry Holland, John Jenkins, John Owens, 
William D. Williams, Jonathan Becker, John 
Boydell, George Bell, John Botts, Nicholas 
Cunningham, George Carl^y, Alfred Dearden, 
John Evans Joseph J. Edwards, Winfield Fritz, 
John Galligher, William Griffiths, John Hen- 
derson, William Higginson, Ralph Kirby, 
Henry Kelly, William Klare, Thomas Llewel- 
lyn, James Lewis, John McDonough, Evan 
Morgan, Richard Newton, Edward Reese, John 
Seitzinger, Hugh Stride, James Thorpe, James 
Walters, Herman Wright, Thomas A. Wil- 
liams, William Williams. 



The one hundred and sixteenth was organ- 
ized in June and July, 1862. Company F of 
this regiment was in Schuylkill county in the 
spring of 1864. The company participated in 
the following engagements, according to Wal- 
lace : Wilderness, May 5 and 6, 1864; Todd 
Tavern, Po River, Spottsylvania(t\vt) actions), 
Gaines' farm, Tolopotomy Creek, Cold Har- 
bor, Petersburg, Williams' farm. Deep Bot- 
tom, Ream's Station, Hatcher's Run, two 
raids of two days each, and Dabney's Mill. 

The following is the muster roll of Company 
F, in March, 1865 : 

Officers.- Captain, William A. Shoener. 
First lieutenant, George Reber. Serjeants- 
Edward S. Kline, William M. Wagner, Horace 
B. Klock, Daniel Moyer, Charles Maurer. 
Corporals— William Emerich, Daniel B. Berk- 
heiser, Solomon Evely, Christian Dieffenderfer. 
Levi P. Miller, William L. Hutton, Solomon 
Kamp. Musicians — Jacob Schroeder, Daniel 

f'livdtts Win. Aikman, Daxid M. .Vtlniii-;, 
Benjamin Berkhei.ser, Franklin Brigel, Henr>- 

H. Berger, David H. Brummer, Jas. Day, John 
H. Dohrman, Elam Derulf, Elias Ditzler.Thos. 
Ditzler, Michael Dolan, Moses Evely, Semana 
Faust, Daniel Fahl, Gideon Freese, Daniel 
Henne, John G. Hahn, Albert Hendricks, 
Joseph M. Johnson, Reuben Kamp, Thomas 
Kramer, Cyrus Knapp, Francis Kramer, Sam- 
uel Kramer, Francis S. Kramer, Josiah Koch, 
Jeremiah Lawrence, Jonathan Lahme, Daniel 
Linn, June Mover, Charles H. Moyer, Lewis 
M. Miller, AUiert L. Moyer, Joseph P. Mor- 
gan, Daniel Murphy, Isaac Xyer, Jacob Rahu, 
Christian Reichert, Joseph B. Reber, Alfred 
Reinheimer, Henry Reppert, Franklin Reber, 
Morgan Shoener, Clayton Smith, Willoughby 
Woollis, Martin M. Waj^nier, John Wagner, 
Franklin Webber, William H. \\'ebl>er. Frank- 
lin Wagner, William Webber. 

There were also from Schuylkill county in 
this regiment, Alexander McCalx.-, Edward 
(yBrien, Daniel Drey, Isaac Herring, William 
Dorey, John .Miller, Charles Rafferty, and 
others, whose names could nut \k learned. 

The easiialties in Company F were : 

Killed in .hlion. — Adam Wagner, James 
White, Lewis Heinbach, Joshua Evely. 

Piiii of //'i'// //(A.— Charles Reichert, Charles 
Houk, John A. Berger, Wm. Moser, Nathan 
Rau^b, Jo-^pli Wagner, Richard Shoener. 

Died of Disease. — ^John J. Hanker, Levi 
Herring, John I-reese, Peramus HofTinan, 
Amos Reppert, John Warner. 

Hounded.- C,<.<'. Reber. Edward S. Kline, 
William M. Wagner, Solomon lively, William 
L. HuUoii, Daniel Kramer, Moses Iv\el>, John 
G. Hahn, Jos. M. Johnson, .Cyrus Knahn, 
Francis S. Kramer, Jonathan Lahme, 
Reichert, Alfred Reinheimer, Henry Repjjert, 
Willoughby Woollis, Franklin Webber. 

Captured. — Dan Mover. Wm. Emerich, 
Dan B Berkheiser. Christ. Dieffenderfer, Jacob 
Schroeder. Wm. Aikman, David M. Adams, 
Benjamin Berkheiser, Franklin Brigel, Henry 
11. Berger, David II. Brummer, James Day, 



John H. Dohrman, Elam Derulf, Daniel Fahl, 
Dan Henn, Reuben Kainp, Thomas Kramer, 
Josiah Koch, Charles H. Moyer, Charles 
Meyer, Christian Reichert, Joseph B. Reber, 
Franklin Reber, Morgan Shoener, Clayton 
Smith, Martin M. Wagner, John Wagner, 
William Webber. 

In Company G the following casualties may 
be noted : 

IVounded. ^Prank I/eib, Abraham Faust, 
Samuel S. Kramer, Eli Boyer, Thos. Miller, 
Frank Reber, Henry Deitzler, Henry Seitzin- 
ger, Wm. B. Hunback, George Fribey, Henry 
Trumbo, John Sherman, Jacob Shilthorn, 
I^wis De lyong, Jonathan Meyer. 

Missing. — George Wildermuth, Adam 
Beachner, Peter Snyder, Wm. Hunback. 


In this regiment (one hundred and seven- 
teenth) were about seventy Schuylkill county 
men. It was organized in August, 1862, did 
guard and picket duty at Point of Rocks and 
at Winchester, where it was engaged in the 
skirmish which opened the battle of Winches- 
ter. It was in the action at Culpepper in Oc- 
tober, 1863, and lost marly prisoners. At 
Hawes' Shop, May 28, it was hotly engaged, 
and in June joined the army in front of Peters- 
burg, and was often in action. In February, 
1865, it was ordered to Wilmington, N. C, 
and opened communication with General 
Sherman. It was in an action with Hampton's 
cavalry, was engaged in suppressing guerrillas 
that infested the country near Fayetteville, and 
was discharged in July, 1865. 

From Schuyfkill county were the following : 
Isaac Kleckner, George Huth, I<ewis I^eiser, 
Jacob Zimmerman, George Gilbert, Joseph 
Zimmerman, John I^andig, William Andrews, 
Benjamin F. Thomas, Co. A ; Edward O'Shea, 
I^evi Haldeman, Daniel Welsh, John H. Rum- 
ble, William Calloway, J. 1,. A. O'Shea, Wil- 
liam Heifner, James Thomson, John Duffy, 

Co. B ; John Hendricks, John Miller, Joshua 
H. IvUtz, Jonathan Billig, Morgan I^ewis, Co. 
D ; Fritz Bickleman, Joseph Spaats, Christo- 
pher Rooney, Thomas Herbert, Thomas lyov- 
ett, James Kane, Charles Paul, Co. E ; Cor- 
poral R. Mackechney, G. Henry, Thoma s 
Shire, William H. Falls, John CuniousM)aniel 
"MillcTj^ I^ouis Klinger, Godfrey Smith, Jere- 
miah Managan, James Mullen, Matthias 
Rhoads, William Murphy, George Craft, 
James Murry, James Costello, Richard Ger- 
man, Isadoah lyUck, John P. Phillips, Philip 
Fox, S. H. lyUtz, J. D. I,utz, Co. F ; Daniel 
Brienig, Joseph Murry, Charles Faust, John 
I^utz, George Richards, Jacob KroU, James 
Salmon, A. H. Glassmeyer, Edward F. Smith, 
Michael I,ynch, John Powell. 


Company K, of the one hundred and twenty- 
seventh, was recruited in part in Schuylkill 
county. During its term of service the regi- 
ment was engaged in the battles of Fredericks- 
burg and Chancellorsville — in the former of 
which twelve of the men from this county were 

From this county were Elijah Fisher, of 
Company C, and the following members of 

Company K. 

Q^c^r^.— Captain, William Fox. Sergeants 
— Daniel Downey, Richard Bertolett, T. Henry 
Bechtel. Corporals— I,e wis M. Yost, R. G. 
Ivuckenbill, Augustus Klock. Wagoner, Wil- 
liam J. Barr. 

Privates.— iL&a.xy Aiim, Samuel Bumberger, 
Geo. Brown, Paul Banks, Henry Berkheiser, 
Benj. Berger; Franklin Brigel, George Ebert, 
Ellis Fessler, Henry Feger, Charles Geiger, 
Benjamin Goebel, Charles Herbert, Elias 
Hautz, Jacob Hummel, William L,. Hutton, 
Edward Heckman, Christian Hay, Edward A. 
Heckman, Frederick Keller, Franklin Klahr, 



Charles F. Kantner, George Lengel, Amos 
I<ehman, Reuben I,essig, Daniel Leidy, James 
I. Ivush, Charles Minnich, Samuel F. Martz, 
Reuben Moyer, James McMaree, Charles Ma- 
berry, Isaac H. Pierman, Samuel F. Prigel, 
Dr. John Rupp, Franklin E. Ringer, Lewis B. 
Reber, George W. Reber, William Strausser, 
Samuel Schreckengus, John Strouse, Charles 
Springer, Jeremiah Snyder, Joseph R. Thomas, 
Theodore F. Upchurch, Milton Williams, John 
West, John Whittle. 

The casualties at the battle of Fredericks- 
burg were as follows : 

IVounded.— Corporal William A. Klock, Paul 
Banks, Franklin Brigel, Ellis Fessler, Elias 
Hautz, William L. Hutton, Christian Hay, 
Franklin Klahr, Charles Minnig, John Whittle. 

Wounded and Missing. — Edward A. Heck- 
man, Lewis B. Reber. 


This regiment was organized August 15, 
1862. It moved to the field of Antietam too 
late to participate in that battle, and in De- 
cember reached the battle-field of Fredericks- 
burg, where it was severely engaged, and lost 
in killed and wounded one hundred and thirty 

At the battle of Chancellorsville it was 
again engaged, and General Tyler said in his 
official report : " The One Hundred and 
Twenty-ninth was on our left, and no man 1 
ever saw cooler work on field drill than was ■ 
done by this regiment. Their firing was 1 
grand — by rank, by company and by wing in 
perfect order." 

On the expiration of its term of service the 
regiment was mustered out. 

The following are the rolls of men and 
officers from this county : , 

RKOIMENTai, Or ricHRS. | 

Colonel, Jacob G. F"rick. Lieutenant-colo- 

nel, J. Armstrong. Major, Joseph Anthony. 
Adjutant, D. B. Green. Quartermaster, W il- 
liam F. Patterson. 

Company A. 

Officers. — Captain, George J. Lawrence. 
First lieutenant, William W. Clemens ; second, 
Samuel Richards. Sergeants — John S. Silver, 
Joseph C. Haskins, John M. Heiner, Charles 
F. Falls, William E. Kline. Corporals — ^John 
Matthews, Albert W. Sterner, William Dyer, 
George W. Wythes, Joseph Smith, George 
Spencer, Joseph Forney, Jacob Zimmerman. 
Drummer, Richard K. Levan. Fifer, Samuel 
Achenbach. Wagoner, Peter D. liby. Com- 
pany clerk, Theodore P. Frazer. 

Privates. — William Atkins, Matliias Ault, 
Samuel Allan, John Alexander, Richard 
Adams, John Allan, William Hannan, James 
Brennan, Daniel R. Bright, Harrison Bright, 
Jacob Berger, Charles Constantine, Samuel 
Confirc, IVtci Cloppier, Simon Clouser, Mat- 
thew Dorrmer, William L. Davis, Abel Davis, 
Thonia.s B. Davis, D.ivid Kvans, Lewis Ed- 
wards, Edward Forney, Henry I'orney, .Sam- 
uel J. Groom, Jeremiah Heckman, Stephen 
Harris, George Warner Heckman, John \\' 
Ilesser, Patrick Hughes, Rosser Howells, 
John HoUman, Joseph Heisler, William H. 
Howells, Benjamin Humphrey, George Hof- 
fenden, John James, Richard Jones, John 
Jefferson, Thomas James, Byron A. Jenkins, 
John M. Jones, William J. Jones, William D. 
Jones, Samuel Kunfare, Eli Lee, Lewis 
Labenburg, William Lyons, Charles Laramy, 
George Lee, Mark Lyons, Henry Lauder- 
man, Elias Miller, John I. Miller, George 
Maize, John Mullen, Thomas Millington, 
.Michael Mohan, Henry Miller, Barney Mc- 
Cormick, Thomas Morgan, John Nicholas, 
Joshua Nixon, Thomas Owens, James ( ) .\eal, 
Henry Parry, John Parry, William Robertson, 



Patrick Rooney, James Ryan, John S. Robins, 
William J. Robins, Henry S. Robins, Charles 
H. Roehrig, Newsome B. Robins, William 
Schopp, John Sutton, Albert Seltzer, John 
Smith, William C. Sponsler, William Sweeney, 
Martin Tempest, Albert Tanner, John Taylor, 
Henry C. Taylor, William J. Williams, James 
S. Wythes, Thomas H. Wythes, Edwin Webb, 
James S. Weiser, Peter S. Welsh, William 
Williams, George W. Weiser, Thomas M. 
Williams, Jacob Youse, John P. Zimmerman, 
Thomas H. B. Zulick, Jacob Zimmerman. 

Company B. 

Officers. — Captain, William Wren. First 
lieutenant, M. V. B. Coho ; second, Jacob 
Parvin. Sergeants — Wm. G. DeTurk, A. G. 
Yeager, James Edwards, Daniel W. Freeman, 
Richard Jones. Corporals — John W. Coho, 
Joseph Bodefield, Isaac B. Rich, Francis Sin- 
clair, Evan Humphreys, George D. Bensinger, 
George W. Staats, Theo. Kock. Drummer, 
Wm. H. Sterner. Fifer, John Stahl. Com- 
pany clerk, George W. Keiter. Quarter- 
master, Theodore Thorn. 

Privates. — William Atkins, Israel Anspach, 
Francis Binder, George Bedford, Peter Brown, 
Edward Bernsteel, Henry W. Betz, Conrad 
Bobb, Franklin Clark, Edward Cake, Daniel 
B. Crawshaw, Joseph Daddow, Griffith Davis, 
John H. Davies, Thomas Davis, Augustus A. 
Dauflinger, Shadrack R. Davis, John Davis, 
Charles F. Deivert, John Dudley, Richard 
Edwards, Edward Edwards, John Egalf, Clay 
W. Evans, Anthony Ferguson, John Freder- 
icks, Patrick F. Ferguson, Eli R. Fisher, 
George W. Gartley, William F. Gressang, 
Anthony Gallagher, John George, William 
Gotloab, Dominick Gillespie, William F. 
Ghme, James Grimer, William D. Guertler, 
William Haeffer, Edward A. Hodgson, Daniel 

D. Hart, William-A. Helms, Constantine H?ss, 
James Hirsch, William Hoffman, Solomon 
Homer, John James, John Jennings, Reuben 
Kline, John Knowles, Charles Kleiner, David 
Lewis, Daniel H. Laughlin, Thomas H. Lewis, 
John Major, William H. Matter, Ephraim 
Mattern, John McBarron, Chas. McLaughlin, 
William W. Mortimer, John Mitchell, John 
Mullen, Wm. McElrath, James Martin, David 
Morgan, John W. Moyer, Daniel Miller, John 
Miller, John Noles, Benjamin Neiman, Edward 
Parensteel, Francis Pinter, Jacob Powells, 
Thomas Probert, Isaac Purnell, Jonas M. 
Rich, Edward Raber, John Rigg, Thomas 
Riley, Samuel Rowley, Samuel Rushworth, 
Franklin Spohn, Francis H. Smith, Robert 
Smith, Frederick Sheck, August Shlotman, 
John F. Shoemaker, Henry Stable, William 
Stodd, J. Benton Saylor, John C. Triese, 
Alexander Thompson, Thomxas Thornton, 
Thomas Tracy, John S. Thomas, Richard 
Uren, Daniel Wallace, John Weise, George 
Watkins, Eli Yerger, Emil Zimmer. 

Company E. 

Officers. — Captain, E. Godfrey Rehrer. 
First lieutenant,William S. Allebach ; second, 
Robert L. Leyburn. Sergeants — Jacob H. 
Martz, Elijah T. Bodey, William Shoemaker, 
John T. Bond, Webster D. Dreher. Corpo- 
rals — Lewis S. Boner, Jacob Roberts, Jere- 
miah Messersmith, Charles H. Sneath, Ab- 
salom K. Whetstone, Leonard Bowers, Pierce 
Bousman, George F. Becker. Drummer, 
Albert Moyer. 

Privates. — Thomas Allen, William Allen, 
James Beacher, Clarence E. Bailey, Jacob T. 
Brown, Franklin Becker, John Bear, Nathan 
Becker, Solomon Billman, Christopher N. 
Blum, James Boner, William M. Brown, 
John Bond, Henry Becker, James Becker, 



Jacob S. Bishop, Dr. George Bond, William i 
Booth, Augustus Dodlinger, John Ditinger, I 
Joseph Dunnegin, Samuel Day, William W. \ 
Davis, S. 1". Donaldson, John Eynon, Samuel i 
Faust, Edward Gallagher, Ernst Grover, Ed- ! 
ward Gallagher, William H. Haldeman, Daniel 
Hartung, Amos Heine, Elias Hoppes, Benja- 
min Houser, F. W. Houser, C. H. Hendricks, 
Gideon Hartung, Jonas Hile, Dr. John Horn, 
Joseph Houser, S. Huntzinger, William W. 
Johnson, E. Kauffman, Gideon Kocher, Joshua 
Kleckner, Henry Kleckner, Adam Krause, 
William Lotze, J. S. Longacre, Harrison L. 
Lutz, Lewis Moyer, Daniel M. Moyer, Albert 
W. Moyer, Alexander Miller, Daniel H. 
Moyer, Michael McMahon, George Nutz, 
Moses Neyer, James Oswald, Willoughby 
Reinhart, William Rex, 'William Reppart, 
David Rill, Wm. H. Reesger, August Rae- 
gart, D. Reicheldeifer, William H. N. Robin- 
son, Elias Sassaman, William Schultz, Daniel 
Shoener, Isaac Singley, Conrad Specht, Henry 
Schultz, John Sheaffer, Francis H. Shoener, 
Elias Snyder, John L. Speece, Franklin Trout, 
G. W. Walker, Franklin Weythel, Asher 
Wommer, Jacob Wagner, John L. Wertman, 
John B. Wiiford, David Zimmerman, Stephen 
Zehner, George W. Zeigler. 

Company G. 

Officers.— Captain, Levi C. Leib. First 
lieutenant, Erastus M. Furman ; second, John 
H. Scliall. Sergeants— Franklin Kluse, Geo. 
Bailey, Patrick Collier, Daniel Leib, Henry 
Boughner. Corporals — Aaron Lambertson, 
Stephen Reese, John Busycomer, Edward C. 
Murray, Michael Shopbell. Franklin Ben- 
singer, Philip Mumberger, Joseph Fetterman. 
Musician. Thomas H. B. Zulick. 

Privates. — Alfred Ayers, John B. Beyer, 
l"raacis W . Bensinger, William V Bensinger, 

Lewis Biltz, Thomas R. Bickley, Xeil Con- 
way, Charles Conner, John B. ChewUew, 
Gabriel Crow, Charles H. Conrad, Moses 
Colbum, Joseph Cobes, William Clever, Aaron 
Dreher, Isaac Davis, John Darr, Mark 
Daniels, David D. Davis, Lewis Driesbach, 
Samuel H. Dunkelberger, Henry Dupont, 
Francis Davis, John Engle, Blacious Fritz, 
Joseph Fetterolf, Elijah Fisher, Gregory Gill- 
ham, William Hull, Franklin Hollister, Theo- 
dore Houser, Philip Huntzinger, Baites M. 
Hampton, Benjamin Jones, Jacob Kerr, Luke 
Kelly, Andrew Kessler, Charles Krapp, John 
Keiper, Thomas Learn, llichard Llewellyn, 
Joseph Levy, Barnard Murray, Frederick 
Moyer, John Mann, Thomas Morris, George 
Major, Joshua Payne, William W. Price, 
George Price, John A. Phillips, Samuel Pettit, 
Strange J. Palmer, Augustus Reichart, Wil- 
liam Steenhilbert, Jacob Steenhilbert, James 
Siiannon, Adam S. Smith, Michdel Shoppel, 
("ic.jr^L- S. Smith. Jacob Shelley, Daniel Sny- 
der, John Shultz, Samuel Stellfox, Charles 
Straub, John Tn i itlian, Patrick Ward, George 
Williams, Jonas W. Titzel, William Walter, 
William Werkel, William Williams, Samuel 
Zimmerman, William Zimmerman, Henry W'. 


Company H. 

t^^r«7-^.— Captain, John A. Devers. First 
lieutenant, William Lerch ; second, Edward 
W'ertley. Sergeants —John B. Steel, John 
Wooley. George Minnes, Samuel H. Eargood, 
William Quoit. Corporals — John Elliott, 
William E. Webster, Jabez WooUey, William 
Bracefield. James Martin, John Walsh, George 
H. Lerch, Martin Tempest. Musicians — 
Charles H. Ma\-. Cyrus A. Schucker. 

/'/7':v;/r-j-.— Samuel .Ash, John Andrews, Wil- 
liam Broughal, George Bracy, Charles Beau- 
mont, Franklin Bucher, G: 1-4- W. Barr, 



Henry Bowman, John W. Brown, Peter 
Bumbersbach, Michael Cannon, Edward Con- 
ner, James Conner, James Crawley, William 
Davis, Elias Belong, Griffith Davis, John W. 
Dengus, Jacob Elliott, Charles Eck, John 
Eldridge, Oswald Ford, Patrick Ferguson, 
George Freed, Lewis H. Gorgas, William 
Grove, John Harrison, Richard Hopkin, Peter 
Hain, David Howard, WeUington P. Haas- 
John Haslem, Joseph Halloway, Joseph Jones, 
Eli Lees, James Lime, Isaiah Lime, Enoch 
Lambert, David Lewis, Henry Lerch, John 
Mullin, John McCabe, Joseph McCabe, John 
B. McCord, John Major, Isaac Neff, Henry 
Orman, Tobias Oliver, William H. Osman, 
George H. Payne, Thomas Roe, James Rob- 
bins, John Roe, John Richards, Robert Reed, 
David Sneden, John W. Smith, William Sud- 
den, Richard H. Shoener, William Spang, Si- 
mon Unler, Chas. Vemont, Jacob H. Wertley. 


At the battle of Fredericksburg : 
Kilted. — J. Parvin, Co. B ; William H. 
Koch, Co. C ; Joseph Felterman, Co. F ; John 
M. Jones, John Nicholas, Thomas MiUington, 
Co. A ; James Edwards, John C. Niese, Co. 
B ; George Bidwell, Edward Wilson, Co. D ; 
Clarence E. Bailey, Co. E; Jeremiah Albert, 
Corporal Josiah J. Trausen, William W. Price, 
Gabriel Crow, Co. G; Franklin Willauer, 
Co. K. 

Wounded. — Captain Lawrence, Co. A ; Wil- 
liam Wren, Co. B ; J. K. Taylor, Co. C ; 
Herbert Thomas, Co. D ; E. G. Rehrer, Co. 
E ; L. C. Leib, Co. G ; A. A. Luckenbach, 
Co. C; Joseph Oliver, Co. D; Chas. F. Falls, 
Co. A; William B. McCarty, Co. C; E. F. 
Bodeg, Co. E ; Oliver H. Armstrong, William 
H. Hartrell, Co. F; William Dier, Jacob Zim- 
merman, Co. A; A. R. Scholl, Co. C; J. Bach- 

man, Reuben Serch, Co. D ; William Aleer, 
Otto Wohlgemuth, Co. F ; H. W. Zartman, 
E. C. Murray, Co. G ; Jabez Wooley, Co. H ; 
George A. Simons, Co. K; Samuel Allen, 
John Allen, Peter Cloppier, Patrick Hughes, 
William E. Kline, John Robbins, Peter Welsh, 
Jerry Heckman, John Hohlman, William 
Robertson, John Taylor, Benjamin Humph- 
reys, Co. A ; Charles F. Deibert, Edward Ed- 
wards, Patrick F. Ferguson, William D. Guert- 
ler, Richard Jones, Thomas H. Lewis, Samuel 
Rushworth, Eli Yeager, Co. B ; W. M. Whal- 
lon, Co. C ; Reuben Albert, Edward Alsfeldt, 
Burton Burrell, Paul Dormer, Isaac Fine, 
Irwin Hartzell, James Moyer, Frank Tomer, 
John Shiffer, Co. D ; Adam Krause, William 
Johnston, Samuel Huntzinger, George W. 
Zeigler, John A. SHaeffer, Jacob Wagner, Co. 
E; John Butz, Enos Dunbar, Robert Ellet, 
William Frey, David Frankenfield, Edward 
Fraunfelder, Joseph Geisinger, Andrew Hoff- 
man, Henry Hunsberger, Thomas Kelly, John 
Kressler, William Joy, John Maginnes, Chris- 
tian H. Rice, Edward Transue, Joseph 
Wheeler, John Wallace, Co. F ; Aaron Dreher, 
Isaac Davis, Blazius Fritz, Andrew Kessler, 
Rjchard Llewellyn, Adam Maury, Joshua 
Payne, John A. Phillips, Thomas Richards, 
George Williams, Co. G ; William Grove, John 
Heslem, Peter Hain, David Lewis, John W. 
Dunges, Henry Bowman, Co. H; Jacob R. 
Weikel, George Harbst, Morris Hunsicker, 
Co. I; Corporal George A. Simons, William 
Sletor, Henry Steinmetz, Co. K. 

Mjjew^. — Samuel A. Aregood, Co. H; 
Michael F. Schofield, Co. G ; William J. Jones, 
Co. A ; Peter Brown, Co. B ; Henry Benner, 
Samuel Bear, William W. Shelley, Co. C; 
Charles Barnett, Matthew McAbee, Samuel 
Williams, Co. D ; Christian N. Blum, Co. E ; 
Robert Hill, David Bruce, Derrick Atten, Co. 



F; Franklin Hollister, Co. G; John W. Smith, 
Peter Bummerbough, John Bracey, James 
Crawley, Ely Leese, William Davis, Richard 
Shoener, Enoch Lambert, Co. H. 

At the battle of Chancellorsville : 

Killed. — James Brennan, Co. A; Thomas 
Probers, Co. B ; John Holman, Co. E ; John 
R. Jones, Co. C ; David Zimmerman, Co. E. 

Wounded.— U.2:]or Anthony, Chas. F. Falls, 
Co. A; Charles Miller, Co. A; William F. 
Glinne, Co. B ; William H. Halderman, Co. E; 
Charles Eck, Co. H ; John Alexander, Byron 
A. Jenkins, Winsome B. Robins, Jacob Youse, 
William Sponsler, William Schopp, Co. A ; 
Corporal William F. Glime, George Watkins, 
William McElrath, William D. Guertler, Thos. 
Davis, Co. B; Charles Luckenbach, Co. C; 
Arthur Davis, William Tomer, Geo. Oberly, 
Co. D; Corporal William H. Haldeman, James 
Oswald, Joseph Houser, George Walker, 
Alexander Miller, George Bond, Co. E; 
Theodore Labar, Co. F ; Corporal Charles 
Eck, Isaac Neff, Faussold Ford, James Martin, 
Co. H; Jacob Curry, Joseph Kalp, John J. 
Hausicker, Co. I ; Martin Kichline, Co. K. 

Missing. — Frederick Weldon, Co. C; Wil- 
liam Spansler, Co. A ; Richard Jones, Co. B ; 
Joseph Donegan, Co. E; Samuel Ash, Co. H ; 
Reuben Fluck, Co. C. 

Mortuary Record. 

Killed or Died of Wounds. — George J. Law- 
rence, Co. A; J. Felterman, Co. G; John M. 
JoiRs, John Nicholas, Thomas Millington, 
James Brennan, Co. A; James Edwards, John 
C. Niese, Thomas Probert, Co. B; Clarence E. 
Bailey, John Holman, David Zimmeniian, Co. 
E; William W. Price, Gabriel Crow, Co. G. 

/)/>(/ of Disease. — Edward Wertley, Co. H; 
Joseph Heisler, Co. A; John Michael, Reuben 
Kline, Edward Reber, Co. B; Asher W'oomer, 

Co. E; George Andrew Lerch, George H. 
Payne, Co. H. 


Company K of this regiment was from 
Schuylkill county. The regiment was organ- 
ized in August, 1S62, for the term of nine 
months. It was at Crampton's Gap, in South 
Mountain, at Fredericksburg and at Chancel- 

The men from this county in Company K 

Michael Burns, James Brannan, James Ban- 
degrast, Patrick Corcoran, John P. Culloghan, 
Charles Conner, John Cowen, Peter Cullig- 
ham, John C. Conner, James Donahue, Ed- 
ward Donahoe, Patrick Donoho, Thomas Dor- 
kin, Mich.-ifi I";irrL-l, John Halley, James 
Hannan, Thomas T. Hoarn, John B. Hamaii, 
Thomas Joyce, Patrick Kelly, John Lanckton, 
Martin D. Langton, Roger Malarkey, Barthol- 
omew Monahon, Captain Dennis McLaughlin, 
Micluitl TiK"., Michael Tigh. 


A large portion of Company I was recruited 
in Schuylkill county. It was a nine months' 
regiment. It went to Washington in Nineni- 
ber, 1862, and patroled a region infested with 
guerrillas and inhabited by traitors. 

At the battle of Gettysburg the regiment 
fought desperately and exhibited a coolness 
and courage rarely equalled. It in this 
fight two oflBcers and sixty-six men killed, 
twelve officers and one hundred and eighty-seven 
men wounded, and one hundred missing. 

In Company I of this regiment were the fol- 
lowing : 

Officers. — Captain, Wra. L. Gray. Hirst 
lieutenant, H. H. Mcrkle ; second, C. P. I'ults. 
Sergeants — John Cohoon, Charks Bartolett. 
Joseph Kanter, Thomas Mui^aii Corporals — 



Elias Bartolett, John Buchanan, Jacob R. 
Haertler, Frank W. Berkheiser, John Hen- 
dricks. Musician, I^ewis I/ebengood. Wag- 
oner, George W. Coover. 

Privates. — ^Jonathan Auchanbach, Daniel 
Bresler, Patrick Brennan, Albert Bacon, Wil- 
liam Delp, Daniel Dillman, Benjamin Dillman, 
John C. Duncan, Elias Delcamp. John Deitrich, 
Franklin Fhly, Adam Eichley, Daniel Fesler, 
Michael Fesler, Jacob Fisher, Henry Felton, 
William Gray, Samuel Howser, W. H. Hoff- 
man, Commodore Hendricks, Jacob Hohmakre, 
Anthony Hummel, Daniel Hilbert, Charles 
Henrich, William Hendricks, Isaac Jones, 
I^evi Knabb, Jacob I^ouby, Harvey McCarty, 
William Manning, John Maclure, William 
Moyer, Anson C. Miller, William Mcl^augh- 
lin, Stephen Palsgrove, John Runkle, Jere- 
miah Reed, Jacob Rauch, Jeremiah Starr, 
Samuel Schwenk, Oliver Schwartz, Peter 
Schnerring, William Wesner, Daniel Yeik, 
John Zimmerman, B. F. Zimmerman, George 


Eighty-four men were recruited in Schuyl- 
kill county for the i6ist regiment (i6th cav- 
alry), and assigned chiefly to companies A and 
B. In the following spring the regiment was 
engaged at Hatcher's Run, Dinwiddle Court- 
house, Five Forks, Amelia Springs, Sailor's 
Creek and Farmville. After Lee's surrender 
it went to North Carolina to the support of 
Sherman ; then was sent to Lynchburg, where 
it remained till the close of its term of service. 

The Schuylkill county men were : 

Company A. 
Joseph S. Conrad, Thomas Canfield, Gabriel 
Derr, John Fisher, Israel Kramer, Jonathan 
D. Moyer, William Owens, Daniel Oswalt, 
Michael Roach, Charles Riland, Robert Smith, 
Evan J. Thomas, William Williams, Thomas 
Williams, John D. Williams. 

Company B. 
Henry Bayler, Casper Bufflap, Edward Barr, 
John W. Barr, George W. Clark, Thomas A. 
Collins, Philip A Carr, Edward Delaney, Wil- 
mer A. Davis, Edward Dress, William H. 
Deibert, Robert Ennis, Samuel Eisenhart, 
Moses Eierby, Edward Fox, George M. For- 
rer, John Gray, Henry Gehret, John Hall, 
William Horn, John Horn, Jr., John Houck, 
Sassaman Hendricks, Commodore Hendricks, 
Jacob E. Heatherington, John Horan, James 
Harrison, Daniel W. Hand, Hiram Kimmel, 
Henry Keen, Samuel Kreicher, David Levy, 
George W. Lengel, William Ley, Samuel Lin- 
dermuth, Patrick Lenahan, James McDonald, 
Michael Mease, Daniel McKinsey, Isaac 
Moyer, Daniel Moul, Emriguildo Marques, 
Samuel Minnich, Nathan Myer, Henry Pin- 
kerton, Charles Phillippi, Charles Redmond, 
David Rader, Joseph Reich, Levi Rarich, 
George Reed, Aaron Riley, Ephraim B. 
Schrope, Henry Shak, John ' Sagar, Lewis C. 
Shartel, S. W. Schwartz, Joseph B. Saylor, 
Alfred M. Saylor, Adam Shuey, Frederick 
Steahley, Daniel Warts, Nathan Wagner, John 
Williams, Milton Williams, John K. Weiondt, 
Jacob J. Yeager, Jacob J. Zimmerman, Freder- 
ick Zeck. 


Company H, consisting of 93 men (subse- 
quently reinforced by sixty-one more), was, 
recruited in Schuylkill county. The regiment 
was at the battle of Chancellorsville, where it 
did important service and was highly compli- 
mented for its coolness. It was again engaged 
at Gettysburg. A detachment was with Gen- 
eral Kilpatrick in his raid on Richmond, and 
the regiment participated in the brilliant cam- 
paigns of Sheridan. At all times it did effi- 
cient service, and its losses were heavy. 

The following is'the muster roU of 



Company H. 

Officers. — Captain, William Thompson. 
First lieutenant, Baird Snyder; second William 
J. Allen. Sergeants- George W. Garrett, 
Jacob A. Schla.seman, Charles Simmer, Thomas 
Hoch, Bernard Eisenhuth, William H. H. 
Brown, John Smith, John C West. Corporals 
— ^Jo.seph H. Weaver, George S. Herring, 
Charles Davis, Benneville M. Harris, Franklin 
Rhodes, Eberhard Gressler, Joseph H. Beadle, 
William Douty. Teamsters — Radiant Riffert, 
Emanuel H. Blacksmiths — John 
Martz, lycvi Werntz. Saddler, Philip Artz. 
Wagoner, Jacob E. Fertig. 

Privates. — Hugh Bradley, Jo.seph M. Hr()l)si, 
•Samuel E. Blaber, Jonas Banker, Louis 
Banker, George W. Banker, Joseph Bitler, 
Francis Bleckinger, Jacob Baker, Is:i,ic H. 
Blue, John P. Clauser, (korj^c Doutal, John 
Doherty, Henry F. Dengler, Daniel Dcrr, 
Elias Derr, Charles M. Eyster, I.Lwis P'lirhaiii, 
James Finley, Peter Fcterolf, William Gross, 
Benneville Ganker, Oliver Goldman, Daniel 
Hoy, Thomas Herbert, Martin Haley, Jacob 
B. Heiser, John K. HofFa, Thumas Haley, 
Thomas I. Koppenhaffer, Benjamin F. Kloch, 
Joel Koons, Isaac Kobel, Zachariah Kramer, 
Daniel D. Kriger, Joseph Lindennnith, John 
Ludwig, Philip L,uckner, IawIs M. Langdon, 
Levi Michael, Samuel G. Miller, Daniel Mc- 
Donald, Solomon Maury, Charles G. ManviuL-, 
Charles G. Matthews, John Mulligan, William 
Markle, Daniel McMullin, Emanuel Mover, 
William Michael, George Nungesser, Benja- 
min Nungesser, John G. Norris, Solomon S. 
Obenhouser, Charles Proctor, John J. Ryan, 
Aaron S. Rubright, Elias K. Reed, William I. 
Rupert, Daniel A. Rumbel, Franklin B. 
Schrope, Michael Schorer, John M. Snyder, 
Isaac Sell, Josepli Sinnner, James P. St. 
Clair, Daniel Slraiisser, Charles B. Troy. 
Philip Troy, Thomas White, Jacob Wenier, 
William R. Williams. Jonas Weiss, Hiram 
Vorgey. Isaac IL Yarnall, Sanmel Yamall, 

Jacob Zimmerman, William B. Zimmerman. 
Under the call of July i8, 1S64, the follow- 
ing enlisted in company H: 

Frank Beaver, John C. Bucher, Luke Bren- 
nan, Jacob Carl, Thomas Casey, Michael Con 
ley, Y. Cleaver, Henrj- Depken. Gott- 
fried Etzel, Benjamin Fetterman, AUen B. 
Fisher, James Graham, Alfred Good. Solomon 
Gable, David G. Glen, Joseph Higgiiis, Ber- 
nard Ha.sher, Henrj- T. John. Lloyd W. John- 
son, Abraham Knicher. Felix Kline. Jacob 
Kline, James Kestenbounder. Otto Kallenbach, 
Michael L. I.loyil, Henry Lindennnith, Daniel 
McMullen, Commodore P. Meai-;, Peter 
.Mfnirer, Jonas Marks, Theodore Miner, 
Mieliael McDonnell, Charles Xeier, Peter 
()'Sliauj;hiiessy, George Phillips, Melviii .^. 
i'arke, Genrj^e PlapiK-rt. Xatliaiiiel koeder, 
William RuniW, Peter Rohan, Lloyd T. 
Rider, .Vndrew Sotnmar, Nicholas .Schmitz, 
Joseph Sclilee, James Ward, Ivdward Walk in'-. 
Peter Werntz, l)aniel Yeich. 

Under the call of July |S, is'^'4, the following 
enlisted in 

Company F : 

I)a\iil Davies, David Evans, Thomas Joius, 
Richard Jones, Thomas I-oftus, Morris Tlionias, 
Joseph Morris, Thomas Morgan, llenrv Price. 
Benjamin Reese. Isaac Raker, Thomas ,Ste 
phens, Frederick Thomas, John J. Willinns 

in Company H in the .summer of 1860: 

A7//<</. — Emanuel Mover, Phihp Tmy, Jfx-1 

Wounded. — William Rupert, Thomas 
Hock (left behind in a rebel hospital), Geur;<e 
W. Bankers. Elias E. Reed. 

Subse(piently, in northeni Virginia : 

Wounded. — William Thompson, Philip 
.\rtz. George Douter, Lewis Langdon, Daniel 

. Cat>tured .—'t\\ovt\ns Herbert. Jacob Worms. 
Charles leister, Charles Mairain, Michael 



Shover, Jolin Snyder, Joseph Bidlow, William 
Zimmerman, Franklin Schubb, lyevi Michael. 


Companies A, D, F and H of the ' 173d were 
drafted in this county in 1862, for nine months. 
In November it was sent to Norfolk. It was 
engaged in fatigue, guard and provost duty, 
and made some tedious marches, but it was 
not in action. 


One-fourth of Company F was recruited in 
this county. It was organized in May, 1864, 
and was in the battle of Tolopotomy Creek. 
It was in the battle of Cold Harbor, then en- 
gaged in several successive assaults on the 
enemy's works, in which it lost heavily — 
indeed, its losses in killed, wounded and pris- 
oners amounted to 350 out of 500 that first 
went into action at Tolopotomy. The remnant 
of the men were engaged at Deep Bottom, and 
lost twenty-seven, killed and wounded out of 
ninety-seven engaged. It also suffered many 
losses while at work in the trenches near the 
enemy's lines. Sixty-seven members of this 
regiment died in the prison at Andersonville, 
some at Salisbury and Florence, and many 
wounded prisoners in Petersburg. 

Company F had the following men from 
Schuylkill county : 

Officers. — I/ieutenant, W. D. Williams. 
Sergeant, S. S. Dull. 

Privates. — H. W. Adams, Frederick Boltz, 
John F. Dull, Percival Eckel, John Gallagher, 
Charles Goldman, Jacob Hearter, George 
Hearter, Charles Krise, P. F. I^ehman, John 
F. Miller, John Marks, Jr., I,. C. Reinoehl, 
Fmanuel Riffert, Joseph Richards, Anthony 
Trefskar, Bertram Trefskar, Michael Wert, 
Samuel H. Whetstone, James Delogier, John 
Montgomery, Evaristus Wills. 


This regiment was recruited for one hundred 
days. Companies A and F were raised in 
Schuylkill county. The regiment was organ- 
ized July 22, 1884, and moved to Baltimore 
the same day. During its term of service it 
was engaged only in guard, provost and escort 

This regiment included from Schuylkill 
county, Colonel James Nagle, Major O. D. 
Jenkins, Adjutant John H. Schall and the 
following : 

Company C. 

Officers. — Captain, T^^^omx C. Pott. First 
lieutenant, Thomas J. Foster ; second, John 
C. Guss. Sergeants — Hudson C Kind, Henry 
Walbridge, Daniel W. Filbert, Robert M. 
Palmer, Jacob Riegel. Corporals — Milton 
Williams, Henry Deibert, Byron O. Manville, 
William Helms, Amos Boyer, James Glover, 
Thomas Welsh, T. P. Gould. Musicians- 
Frederick Orrum, John Kohler. 

Privates.— Ji2LV\A. Anstock, John Burkhart, 
Henry Bauseman, John Bauseman, Jacob 
Bailer, Jacob Botts, Charles Brownmiller, 
Samuel Brown, Frank Bertram, Henry Beyerle, 
William Beacher, James Bathurst, Levi Con- 
rate, Raphael Cake, George Collins, Jacob 
Chrisman,William Daubenspeck, Miles Dough- 
man, Edward Eccard; E- W. Frehafer, Alonzo 
Fernsler, John J. Fernsler, George Forrer, 
John E. Fuchs, Joseph Gerz, Henry Gluntz, 
Daniel Ginter, William Hepler, J. A. Hunt- 
zinger, James N. Hodgson, George Hame, 
Isaac Hardy, Albert Hoffman, Herman Hoff- 
man, Michael Jordan, John Johnson, George 
Kauffman, William Kalbach, Joshua Keller, 
William Klinger, George I^aury, James I^ynch, 
Patrick McGloan, Thomas Matthews, Andrew 
Moran, Henry Nimelton, John Neff, John A. 
Nash, Thomas H. Phillips, William Queeny, 
Patrick Rhorig, George Rahn, John Roaney, 



Charles Shoener, John Schmelzer, Henry 
Strohmeier, George Skeen, Jonathan Sterner, 
Oliver Smith, William Shay, Eugene Sands, 
Andrew SteflFee, Victor Setley , William Toohey , 
Franklin Trexler, Joseph Uble, Felix Weidel, 
Daniel Wiltrout, Richard Williams, John Wal- 
bridge, William Wortz. 

Company H. [ 

Officers. — Captain, George W. StaaLs. First 
lieutenant, John W. Kantner ; second, Fr. S. 
Haeseler. Sergeants— John H. Jervis, Joseph 
Boedefeld, William Christian, James Hughes, 
John Kirkpatrick, John Rigg. Corporals — 
Joseph Redcay, Robert Wilson, William Dicus, 
Arthur Connery , James Dolan, Albert Haeseler, 
Lewis Kline. Musicians — James Sterling, 
John Snyder. 

Privates. — Elijah Allen, Michael Burns, 
John Bomm, James Chestnut, Thomas Davis, 
John W. Davis, James Delaney, Benjamin F. 
Fisher, Henry Faults, George Fox, Jacob M. 
Faust, William H. Francis, George Gottschall, 
Isaac K. Good, Elijah Hoffman, Cluulcs 
Howard, Benjamin Howells, Harrison Hood, 
Philip Horn, Robert Houck, Philip J. Klair, 
Adam Kleident, James Leonard, Jonah Lewis, 
Thomas McGee, Conrad McGee, James Madi- 
son, William Morgan, George Martin, David 
Moore, Jacob Miller, James O'Brien, Isaac 
Purnell, Michael Reynolds, Benjamin UicKStc, 
Samuel Reed, Wendall Roinian, Edward Ram- 
sey, Jeremiah Sterner, William Smith, Ben- 
jamin F. Smith, John Sillyman, Emanuel 
Shaub, William G. Shertel, William Sponsler, 
Peter Snow, Michael Umlierger, Thomas Wren, 
Nicholas Watkins, John Wolfinger, Charles 
A. Yeager. 


im-;nn'svi,vani.\ volunti;i;rs. 

Schuylkill county furnished nearly all the 
men in Company Iv of this regiment. Soon 
after its organi/.alion, in llic autumn of 1864, 

it joined the Army of the Potomac before 
Petersburg. From this time to the close of 
the war it was frequently engaged, and always 
displayed a stubborn bravery that would have 
done honor to veterans. 

The following were from this county, besides 
G. W. Garber, first sergeant of Company H : 


Officers. — Captain, John Cook. Second lieu- 
tenant, Wm. S- Morris. Sergeants— Samuel 
Bower, Wra. H. Keller, I'riah W. Tiley, John 
Gartly. Corporals — M. Montgomery L'Vellc, 
Charles Wagner, Charles P. Koch, J. J. War- 
ner, Benj. Haines, Jus. B. Thomas, Ivdward 

Privalts. — Patrick Burke, James Banies, 
Mark Barrett, Henry C. Betz, Michael Curley, 
Samuel Davidson, H. S. Daddow, Tiionvas R 
Evans, Recce M. Evans, Cliarles I-'iuist, .Alex. 
Hart, Samuel Hinchkliff, Thomas Ihi^sey, R. 
Hoffman, B. Hoffman, B. Hyman, Iknj. J. 
Houseknecht, John Hagerty, John J'>\cc. 
Pharon W. KreUli^, I<e\vis Kocdnitz, John 
Kelley, Frank Leahy, Henry Lewis, Alfred 
Lintz, William McKoy, James Morky, Robert 
McMulleii, John McKeanian, Joseph McK i1h, 
Michael Xaughton, John Oriel, William Paul. 
Lawrence Ra.steter, Ed. A. Reed, Lewis Slclle, 
Bernard Schrader, James Stride, James Sarick, 
John H. Thomas, Uriah W. Tiley, Christopher 
Walker, Elias Webster, Michael Ward, James 
Whims, James Yost, William Bainbridge, Jacob 
Butnmersbach, Edward Brennan, John Hag- 
gerty, John Joice, John Kelley, James A. KeL 
ley, Frank Leahy, James Morky, William Mc- 
Coy, Michael Naughton, Thomas Roe, Joseph 
Sarichs, James Stride, James Whims. 


Known as the Eighth riiioii League, it was 
organized in March, 1865, for one year. Com- 
pany .\ included three and Company C thirty- 



four men from this county. During its term 
of service it was only engaged in guard, pro- 
vost and garrison duty. 

The men from Schuylkill county were : 
Patrick Fox, Martin Hulihan and Edward 
Kehoe, of Company A, and the following in 

Company C. ' 

Israel Adams, Daniel Barr, William Blatch- 
ley, John Bookmiller, Frank Bloomer, John 
M. Crosley, James Connelly, Alexander Cole, 
Benjamin J. Cook, George Emerich, John H. 
Felty, Henry Fleckinstine, Thomas Fitzgerald, 
James Grimes, John Hummel, Joseph Hale, 
Jacob Levan, Adam lycngel, William Mar- 
shall, James McBride, Michael Mullen, James 
Mahon, Robert Paugh, Joseph Reichard, 
Emanuel H. Reed, Henry Rehr, George 
Rehrer, John H. Smith, Patrick Smith, John 
Traner, John Weisert, Isaac Zimmerman, 
George M. Ziihmerman, Joseph Zerby. 


The following were volunteers from Schuyl- 
kill county who served in other Pennsylvania 
regiments : 

23d. — Reuben Dewald, John H. GrifBth, 
Abraham Horn, Benjamin Jenkins. 

26th. — ^James Goldsmith, Christian Shane. 

27th. — ^James Gallagher. 

29th. — Andrew Haas, Patrick Hallahan, 
John Marley. 

30th. — Thomas Martin. 

31st.— Major, John M. Wetherill ; Surgeon, 
A. G. Coleman, William Higgins, George 
I^ocket ; Corporal, James Stapleton, Peter 
Shoots, Frederick Whitegall, Philip Heilman, 
John Boyle, Patrick Fitzsimmons, John Camp- 
bell, Mark Foster, Sergeant, David B. Matt- 
son, William Conway, Patrick Dollard, Color 
Corporal, Thomas J. Foster. 

32d.— John Stallecker, I^ewis Kerschner, 
James Carl, Michael Donnelly, William Ed- 
wards, Hadesty, I^ieutenant Edward R. 

Moll, Adam Gilbert, Henry Yost, WiUiam 
Boyer, Edward Thomas, Chester Holden. 
33d. — David Stabler. 

34th. — Corporal James Porter, Corporal Dan- 
iel Doherty, Geo. Carr, Robert Troy, Francis 
Davis, Marty Sullivan, Patrick Canfield, Thos. 
Creeswell, Edward Foley, Robert Hagerty, 
Michael Mullen, John Paxon, Benjamin Dry, 
Hospital Steward John H. Johnson, James 

35th. — Wm. A. Parmenter, Henry P. Slater, 
Michael Canfield, Emanuel Kurtz, Richard 
Sauce, Thomas Boran, Martin Dasey, Patrick 
Finny, James McAllister, Charles Coller, 
Henry Johns, Eieutenant Jacob Bonewitz. 

36th. — Henry Harris, David Reddinger, 
Henry Heffner,Van Burenbike, Emanuel Paul, 
Samuel Gottshall, John Caughlin, Robt. Hunt- 
zinger, Thomas Curry, William Williams, 
Aaron Breish, William Casey, Daniel Dunn 
(fifer), Jeremiah Delaney, John Miller, James B. 
Murray, Robert Makey, John O' Donnell, Ser- 
geant William J. Williams, John Rooney, 
Cyrus Soliday, William Keasey, Henry Barr, 
Charles Miller, Robert M. Huntzinger, John 
J. Huntzinger. 

37th. — Drum-major Dennis Fields, Thomas 

38th.— John Delaney, I^ongstaff Middleton, 
Sergeant Thomas D. Griffith,. Michael Shields, 
Thomas Flynn. 

39th. — George Schwenk, George Bretz. 
41st. — Martin Pike. 
42d. — David Williams. 
43d.— Captain E. W. Matthews, Sergeant 
Patrick Bradley, Corporal Thomas Robinson, 
James Boyle, Michael Gray, John McCabe, 
Ephraim Uhler, Frank Bridegam, HenryBarr, 
Ephraim Uhler, William Umbenhaur, Corpo- 
ral 1,. E. C. Moore, Joseph S.Walker, George 
Wilson, Martin Baker, JohnlDonner, Henry 
Feller, Oliver Goldman, James Hanley, Ed- 
ward Maidenlord, Patrick Mclyaughlin. 
44th. — Thomas Norton, George Adams, 



Thomas Horn, Sergeant Jackson Potts, Ser- 
geant James Smith, James Allison, Alonzo 
Bird, Jacob F. Kinney. 

45th. — William D. Lyons, Thomas McCabe. 

46th. — Gaven McCullough, Patrick Dono- 
van, Cornelius Neischwinder, Patrick Mullen, 
Nicholas Curren, William Brosius, George 
Brosius, Augustus Snyder, William Darmody, 
John Fox, Ephraim F. Kripe. 

47th. — George Kilmer, Michael Burnshire, 
George R. Hebler, Henry Lefend, Augustus 

49th. — Sergeant Jacob Straus.ser. 

51st. — ^John Welsh. 

53d. — Henry May, C. F. Lichtenhorn, Pat- 
rick McLaughlin, Daniel McGallas. 

57th. — Christian Wier, John Stack, Ivlw.ird 

58th. — ^James Holton, James Owens, Corpo- 
ral Bennett Cobley, Michael Sweeny. 

59th. — Thomas Moore, Alexander Clark, 
Francis P. Waters. 

6ist. — Augustus Seller, Augustus 

62d. — Henry Shurey. 

63d. — ^John Cameron. 

64th. — ^John Brennan, James Blake. 

66th. — Owen Dolan. 

68th. — James McGugert, Thomas Riley. 

69th. — Sergent John Ryan, Edward Brown, 
Martin Reilly, Emanuel Spatzer, Hugh 
Livingston, James Cole, John Maley, Daniel 
McCoy, Henry Stonefield, James Donahoe, 
John Bradley, Michael Flynn, John Mulhall. 

71st. — Reuben Miller. 

72d.— Charles Raudenbush, William Place, 
Joseph H. Wythes. 

79th.— Patrick J. Gallagher, John Thomas, 
Augustus Tucker. 

82d. — Thomas T. Morgan. 

83d. — Adam Mort, Dr. Thompson. 

R4th.— Willinm Bulks, Washington Tau- 
bert, Patrick Burns, Joseph A. Pinkerton, 
Eugene Downey, Corporal John Snedden, 
John Garrigum, George Rher. 

88th.— William Beaumont, Da\-id Howard. 
John Eppinger, Jacob S. Bram, William Pugh. 

90th. — Joseph Williams, Thomas White, 
Robert S. Smith, Samuel Robinson, James 
Geran, John Hessin, Philip Calavour, James 
McGrath, William Tomkins, Jacob L. Bricher, 
James Moore, Patrick Money, John Donnel- 
lanson, Hiram Spades, Henrj- Spades, Charles 
Dugan, Charles Gill, Theodore Roberts, Mi- 
chael Brad>-, Robert Donahoe, Sergeant Chas. 
.\. .Major, Lewis C. Crossland. 

92d. — Frederick Schrope. John K\ans, 
Thumas Williams, Jaiiits McGill, Lieutenant 
Thomas D. Griffiths. Richard Morris, Ser- 
geant Frank Garner, Daniel Carmitchel, John 
Carmitchel. Lemuel Morgan, John G. Jones, 
Patrick Kerrigan. Thomas G. Corbin, John T. 
H. MfConnell, John G.iUagher. 

95th. — Peter Campl)ell. David Sands, John 
I'nibonhower, Ephraim Mover, Peter Breen, 
Henry Clemous, Franklin Ivckcrt, Edward 
Purcell, William T. Wolff. DcniiiN Brciman, 
Stephen Brennan. Patrick Lawler, Lawrenci- 

97th. — Corporal William McCanly, Cliarles 

98th. — Hospital steward H. R. Seddinger, 
George Jacobs, Peter Smith, Levi Deitrich, 
Joseph Earny, Henry Zimmerman, Lewis 
Frank, Jacob Rindemecht, William Koehler, 
Joseph Ediner, Jacob Wa.s-ser, Frederick 
Strohm, George Marquette. Henry Weiss, 
John Kramer, William Stahley, Frederick 
Hetterling. John Bloom, Frederick Headerly. 

looth. — Dr. Palm. 

loist— Jenkins Wiltner, Joseph Blunt, Lieu- 
tenant George L Brown, Sergeant John Perry, 
Joel Strauser, John Fritz, Henry Berkman, 
Richard Morris, Joseph Tomkinson, Jacob 
Deiter, Jacob Went, Adam Wingen field, Jacob 
Weiss, Valentine H. Groff, Dick Morris, John 
Perry, Joseph Tomlinson. 

105th.— Daniel Anspach, Edmund Kline, 
Sergeant Isaac A. Dun.ster. 



io6th. — George H. Jones, ^Lieutenant, 
William M. Jones. 

io8th. — Edward Shoemaker, Charles Furey, 
William Giddings, James B. Currey. 

logth. — James Purcell, Edward Mentze, 
John Bowen, James McGill, John Powell, 
George Ridley, Evan Williams, Sergeant Jona- 
than Humphrey, John Edwards, James Boran, 
Owen Brennan, William Horan, Miphael 
Mahan, James McGill, John Prosser, Nehe- 
miah Ford, George H. Jones, Charles Filbert, 
Hiram Hizer. 

I loth. — Assistant Surgeon P. R. Palm, 
Thomas Wiggan, Joseph Blunt. 

1 1 2th. — Adam' Eichly, Martin Conway, 
Charles J-,. Baltz, Thos. Connor, Henry O. R. 
Fernsler, Edward S. Hetherington, John S. 
Helms, Thomas Kelly, William H. Muth, 
William H. Matter, Michael O'Neil, John 
Reppel, John Rose, John Shanley, James 
Tracy, Butler E. Downing, John Y. Wren, 
Dick Pott, Augustus Heisler, Wells Beck, 
Milton Moyer. 

113th. — ^John C. Morgan, Adjutant G. W. 
Henrie, Reuben Frederick, I,evi Clifford, 
Charles Clifford, l,awrence Owens; William 
Stevenson, Daniel Salmon, Samuel Moore. 

114th. — Theophilus Heycock, John Morgan. 

115th. — Christopher Welden, William Wel- 
don, John F. Fernow, John W. Oxrider, 
Robert Casey, Alexander McCabe, James 
Boyd, John Collins, William Partington, Ser- 
geant Barney McCarn, Michael Rearden, M. 

ii8th. — William Simpson, Adam Frantz, 
Samuel Y. Beard, Robert A. Maingay, Joseph 
L. Seiders. 

119th. — Adam Delong. 

124th. — Sergeant Henry I. Stager, John W. 

128th. — Assistant Surgeon Theodore C. 
Helwig, Jeremiah Smith, John Seiders. 

130th. — Sergeant John W. Alexander, James 

i32d.— Daniel S. Yeager, J. F. C. Williams, 
William F. Hay. 

133d.— William Slack, James Grimes. 

136th.— Corporal R. P. H. Phillips. 

139th. — Theodore Meyers, James Meyers. 

141st.— Sergeant D. W. Scott. 

i42d. — Bernard McNaller. 

147th. — ^Jacob Riddle. 

150th. — Abraham Everhard. 

i52d. — I^ieutenant Joseph N. Porter, An- 
thony Flaherty, Maxwell Darby, Patrick 
Hogan, Edward Davis, William. I/ight, John 
F. Casey, John Delaney, Patrick Flaherty, 
Thomas Grady, Thomas Harrod, Barney 
Kelly, James I<eslie, Kanslow Fisher. 

i82d. — Charles Schroeder, Henry J. Stein, 
Joseph Davidson, D. H. Finfroch, David 
Hissong, William H. Snively, Jacob Buck- 
waiter, Richard Murphy, Franklin Schropp, 
William Schropp, Charles Bressler, Nathan 
Buck, Jacob Miller, Adam Strohl, Alfred 
lycsher, Alexander I^esher. 

i92d. — Daniel Boice, lyloyd Cox, Thomas 
Hopkins, Frank Jones, John C.Jones, Richard 
Jones, Charles Kunkel, Abiathar Powell, 
Joseph Snyder, Moses Stiif. 

198th. — Daniel M. Everhard. 

iggth. — ^John T. Block, John I^itweiler, 
Henry Shuman, John Stuber, Jacob R. Saylor, 
Wilham N. Yost. 

2ooth. — Francis Diehl, Jonathan Davidson, 
George Fogt, Thomas Goheen, Michael Hofa- 
lech, William I^eaver, Thomas Matthews, 
Thomas McCauley, Thomas McShea, Charles 
O'Donnell, John Richards, George SchoUy. 

202d. — Edward Brennan, William H. Dil- 
linger, Augustus Faust, Jacob D.. Hoffman, 
George J. Hyde, John R. Hood, William Hill, 
Bernard I^ynch, James Lynch, Zachariah P. 
Madara, John Meghan, David Quinn, Elias 
Quinn, George Schimp, Wilson Sechler, Elias 
Snyder, William Stout, Charles Wissner, 
James Woods, William Wertz, John Weise. 

208th. — Charles Heagey. 



213th. — Matthew McAtee, John Bear, Isaac 

Miller, William Schriver. 

215th. — Charles J. Hendrick.s, Matthew L. 


In Negro Regiments. 

ist U. S.— William H. Harrison, Charles 
Lee ; 3d U. S.— Elijah Entry, Charles Cala- 
man, John C. Cole, Charles H. Wilson, 
Daniel Wright ; 8th U. S.— Henry A. Bhular, 
George Delaman, Gabriel Enty, Jonathan 
Enty, John H. Groom, Edward L,ee, Thomas 
Powell, Charles Thomas ; 24th U. S.— Alex- 
ander Brown, Joseph Jones, David Molson, 
Daniel Molson, John Surls, Israel Smith ; 32nd 
U. S. — George Jack.son, Hosea Rigbee, Ben- 
jamin Robinson ; 41st U. S — ^James Snowden ; 
43d U. S.— Samtiel Bartlett. 

In Regiments of Numbers Not Known. 
William Bradley, James Cosj^rovc, James 
Fisher, Thomas Darcss, Bernard Duffy, Mat- 
thew Flanigan, William Boggs, Alexander 
McDonald, Patrick Johnson, William B. (kt 
ter, Michael Madden, Morgan Reynolds, 
Lewis Sanders, William Thomas. 

In the First Army Corps. 

Henry C. Benseman, (korKi-' Brazier, John 
H. Ebert, William Ed*ards, C>ru.s Haner, 
Richard Rahn, Sylvester C Rice, Perry Waltz, 
Francis Vaughn. 

In Independent Organizations. 

Anderson Cavalry (afterward 15th Penna. 
Cavalry.)— Chiirles Henry Jones, Ivens R. 
Jones, John Guldin, David E. Holmes, Robert 
C Morris, Alfred M. Halber.stadt, Horace A. 
Moore, Edward Fame, William Gable, Thomas 
A. Jones, James Henderson, Wellington J. 
Kram, Charles E. Beck, Theodore F. Beck, 
Henry W. Morgan, Richard C. Kcar, John N. 
Bannan, Oscar Rahn, Charles \V. Bratton, 
Frank Lcfler ; John Weidman's Cavalry.— 
Isaac Mearc, Abraham Lehrer ; 4th Penna. 
Art. — Patrick Sullivan, Sergeant John C. 

Hughes; 5th Penna. Art. — Henry Pugh, John 
Hughes, James Rice, James Whalen, Henry 
Harris, William Davis. Henry Harrison ; 7th 
Pa. Art.— Robert Rowe ; McCall's Flying Art. 
— William Umbenhower ; Independent Engi- 
neers. — Lieutenant Joseph Fayant ; Harris' Pa. 
Cav. — Stephen Ferguson, Martin Lawler, 
James Lawler, Michael Christopher ; Scott Le- 
gion — Patrick Brennan ; Gen. Ntgley s Body 
Guard — Thomas Edmonds ; Anderson Zouaves 
— John Delay ; Signal Corps — Lieutenant 
Theodore F. Patterson, John Curry, Charles 
Garret, Francis M. Hodgson , Gen. Thorp's 
Staff— Lieutenant Albert G. WhiUkld ; (kii. 
Johnson's Guard —Stephen Ferguson ; Mcl.^an 
Guards— Thomas M.irlun ; Lambert's Inde- 
pendent Cav. -Liculciiaiit \V. F. Au.stin, 
.Sergeant John .\ Patterson, Coqwrals Solo 
mon Foster, Jr., James Whitfield. Privates 
.\aron Billin^tmi. George \V. Iviler, V X. 
Lawton, William I'arry, James Russell, CeniKv 

Is Rrgimrnts of uthbr States. 

ist X. J. -Tli'imas Haley . 6th X. J.— James 
McConnick. Archibald Lavebrech ; 14th X J. 
—John G. Dengler ; —X. J.— John Maley ; isl 
N. Y— Joseph Xuiiemacher ; 3(1 X. V. Cavalry 
—Thomas Reilly ; 7th X Y.— Joseph Smith ; 
loth X. Y— David Gordon ; T,y\ X. Y. 
Robert Coates ; 36th X Y.— Patrick Kane ; 
40th X. Y.— William Burns; 4.MI1 X. Y.— 
Owen Duffy ; .sjlh X. Y.— William Jones. 
Evan Jones; 69th X Y.— John Reily. Patrick 
Fealthy ; 104th X. Y.— John McWilliams ; N. 
Y. Excelsior regiment — Adjutant William 
Hartz ; Sickles' brigade— Frank Spatz ; other 
regiments, X. Y.— Terence Dolan, Condy 
Haffy, Michael Bums, Lewis Kershner ; 20th 
i^Ie.— Henry Davis ; 15th Mass —Conrad Am- 
thower ; 8th Va.— Colonel Lucien Loeser ; 5th 
O.— Charles Xierman ; 9th O.— A. G. Brand- 
ner ; loth O. — William Glaspire, James 
McClinchey ; i6th O.— Lieutenant Manuel B. 



De Silva; i8th O.— Valentine H. Leib ; 12th 
Ind. — William J. Koch ; 20th Ind. — ^Janies D. 
lyong ; 23d Ind. — George Nunemacher ; 33d 
Ind. — Charles Houseman ; 39th Ind. — Francis 
Koch ; 58th Ind. — Sergeant Uriah Good, Zac- 
carias Jones ; 84th Ind. — Charles N. Taylor ; 
other regiments, Ind. — Aaron Greenwalt, 
James lyong, Charles Medlar ; 8th 111. — ^Jacob 
Deibert ; 15th 111.— Rudolph Small ; i^th 111.— 
George P. Campbell ; 55th 111. — Corporal John 
Casey ; other regiments. 111. — Morgan F. Say- 
lor, William Steele ; 2nd la. — Thomas Rausch ; 
5th la.— William Godling ; 9th la.— Dr. J. 
Bowman ; 8th Mich. — William Schisster ; 5th 
Wis. — Allan Evans, John Evans,, Joseph Fos- 
ter, William Foster ; i6th Wis. — William 
Evans, Jacob Britt ; 15th Ky. — ^Joseph Rupp ; 
24th Ky. — Sergeant De Silva, Benjamin Pott ; 
32d Tenn. — ^James Devine ; 25th Mo. — Ser- 
geant John Weller '; 2d Cal. — William Henry 
Harrison Werner. 

In The; Regui^ar Army. 

Fifth Artillery. — Benjamin Franklin An- 
drews, Edward Boyle, Robert Boyle, Patrick 
Buggy, John Munhall, Robert Nowrie, John 
Jones Powell, James Whalen, Daniel Richard 
Williams, Corporal John Williams, Patrick 
Canfield, John Connor, John Donehue, 
Thomas Griffith, Henry Harris, Robert Hag- 
gerty, Abraham Horn, Thomas P. Higgins, 
James- Jenkins, David Jones, Charles A. Keller, 
Edward McGee, William Nixon, John Naw- 
lan, John NicoUs, Francis O'Neal, Hugh 
Pugh, James Condron, Edward Cull, James 
Evans, William Edwards, Charles Fury, 
George Hellshaw, John D. Kelly, Sergeant 
James McGloughlin, John Morgan, John Por- 
ter, James Rice, Robert Tate, John Rae, John 
E. Spencer, Henry Straub, Patrick Brennan, 
John Walborn, John Wrigly, James Welsh, 
Thomas Ferguson, Edward CoUer, R. D. Fer- 
guson, Robert Ferguson, John Jeifries, John 
Thomas, James Kane, Michael Glennin, John 

Henry, John Morgan, Daniel Morgan, Peter 
Riland, Thomas I<evens, Elias Day, Peter 
Grimes,. Lawrence Brennan, I,awrence Bruton, 
Richard Barnes, Patrick Craven, James Camp- 
field, Patrick Kelly, Jacob SherifF, Daniel 
lyicClellan, Thomas Donehugh, Alexander 
Day, James Redmond, Jacob Weatherman, 
William Walsh, William H. Harrison, Michael 
Brennan, Franklin Mayberry, Daniel Hummel, 
Patrick McGovern, Thomas Owens, Francis 
Harrison, Henry Owetis, Daniel Dougherty, 
Corporal James Porter, John Tobin, Thomas 
Cresswell, Thomas Harrison, James Potter, 
Thomas CoUohan, I,ewis BonnerviUe De Lacy, 
William Brennan, Francis Davis, John Clarey, 
Patrick Ratchford, Thomas Scott, Francis 
Smith, William Cowby, Robert Troy, George 
Carr, Dennis Sullivan, Martre Sullivan, Den- 
nis Sullivan, Thomas Scott. 

Sixth Artillery. — Michael Pepper, J. Letter- 

Sherman's Battery. — Thomas Lavell. 

First United States Cavalry. — Christ Bloom- 
field, Samuel Cover, Patrick Gilmore, Francis 
Leman, Henry Miller. 

Fifth Cavalry. — Captain Edward T. Leib, 
John H. Wilson, Charles Weaver. 

Sixth Cavalry.— Colonel W. H. Emory, 
William Everly, Morris Everly, Thomas Tur- 
ner, John Kane, Thomas Kelly, Corporal 
William Mattern, John -Bird, Benjamin Mills, 
Henry Fields, Abraham Heck, Martin Law- 
ler, James Brennan, Charles Lucas, Joseph 

Third Infantry. — Lieutenant Joseph A. 

Fourth United States Infantry. — Michael 
Howard, James B. Hawk. 

Fifth Infantry.— Artlmr Donly, Dennis De- 
laney, Francis Williams, David Morgan, Van 
Buren Weike, William Weike, C- Arerline. 

Sixth Infantry. — Lieutenant W. H. Bar- 
tholomew, Joseph Davis, Benjamin Mills, 
Patrick Hough, Martin Dacy, Henry Feilas, 


John McConnick, John Henrie, Peter Riland, 
John Stevens, Patrick How. 

Eighth Infantry. — George Wineland. 

Twelfth Infantry. — Sergeant William I<. 
White, Richard Coogan, Thomas Manuel. 

Thirteenth Infantry. — William Lynch, 
William Lloyd, James Dunlevy, John Warlow, 
John McCarty, John ConneflF, Thomas R. 
Williams, William R. Griffith, Richard Coo- 
gan, Patrick Corcoran, William Lynch, John 
Miller, William Rafferty, Thomas McGlone, 
Michael Brennan. 

Fourteenth Infantry. — ' Dudley Gerdon, 
William Higgins. 

Fifteenth United States Infantry. — Henry 
Adam, John Bowers, George Brinton, John 
Birkinbine, Michael Bradley, Charles Baird, 
James Brennan, William Bradley, John Barret, 
Peter Carrol, John Campbell, John Carney, 
Lewis Crosby, John Clark, Philip Devine, 
John Elliott,#Bartholomew Fell, James Focht, 
John Farley, James Gannon, William Gunn- 
ing, Nathan Gillmore, James Higgins, Thomas 
Hibbit, John Hamilton. George Irwin, Michael 
Jennings, James Kelly, John King, Michael 
King, John M. Keim, Jonn Lynch, Martin 
Lee, John Llewellyn, Henry McGhan, Thomas 
McDonald, John Mich, Peter Magnan, James 
McDavid, John C. Mason, Richard Marshall, 
John McMenamin, John Moniey, John Metz, 
John Miller, Andrew Martin, James McCoy, 
Patrick O'Brian, Charles O'Hara, Patrick 
G'Neil, Edward Phillips, George W. Pritman, 
William Riley, James Rorrj', Michael Rubey, 
James Smith, John Sailor, John Woods, John 
Welch, Charles Williams, Harvey J. Wagner, 
John Wilson. 

Sixteenth Infant ry.— James Allen, Michael 
Brown, Thomas Bums, Thomas Bodey, Peter 
Brayson, Peter Bruce, Frederick A. Baldwin, 
John Brown, Patrick Connelly, John Clark. 
Charles Cri>usf , John Cain, Luke Connelly, 
James Doran. John Dawson, John Donnelly. 
Edward Daler, William Froulk, James l-arrel. 

Michael Pagan, Wilham Freny, Patrick Ger- 
ret, Thomas Gibson, Arthur Grant, James 
Gill, William X. Griffin, Charles Harrison, 
Francis Hare, Peter Hagertj-, Thomas Horan, 
James Harross, William Henderson, John 
Harrington, Henry Hall, Michael Kruming, 
John Kelly, John Kelly, Peter L> nch, James 
Logan, John March, Robert Mitchell, 
Thomas McGuire, Michael McCann, Charles 
Murray, George McCay, James Murraj , 
Patrick Moran, John B. Mears, John A. Mag- 
han, William Mullen, Patrick O'Neill, John 
Osbom, John Parker, John Quinn, Martin 
Riley, James Ryan, Edward Riley, Michael 
Rinay, John Ross, John Roouey, John Sweeney, 
Michael Seymour, George Stanton, Henry 
Sudler, Augustus .Sweeney , Philip Smith, 
Peter Stroup, John Smith, John Slack, 
Thomas Smith, Edward Sooner, John Todd, 
John White, Barney Williams. 

Eighteenth Infantry. — Colonel Henry B. 
Carrington, Lieutenant Lewis T. Snyder, 
\'alentine Henry Leih, John Ebert. 

Regiments not Ascertained. — Captain Henry 
Baird, Captain Edward Hartz, Matthias Frantz. 

In United States Hospitals. — Surgeon Wil- 
liam Beach, Assistant Surgeon Thomas Tur- 
ner, Surgeon C. P. Harrington, Surgeon Liv- 
ermore. Surgeon John G. C. Levering, Henry 
Heilner, Surgeon John T. Carpenter, Surgeon 
Henry R. Sillyman. Surgeon Henry C. Parry. 

Medical Cadet.— George Saylor. 

/« Commissary Department. — William Dan- 
iell, William B. Lebo, G. M. Straub, John G. 

In Secret 5«TT7V-f.— Samuel Byerly. 

In the Ncny. — Surgeon Douglas Bannan, 
Surgeon Robert L Weber, Ass't Eng. Richard 
M. Hodgson, Ass't Eng. Thomas Pethcrick, 
Michael McDonough i marine), Patrick Mc- 
Gee, George Fegley (marine), George H. Ber- 
ger, S. S. Bassler (captain's clerk;, James 



Brannan, James M. Carr, John Carr, John 
Gray, Edward Riley, WiUiam Yost (marine), 
Wilham S. Peale, John Evans, Patrick Carrol 
(marine), Thomas Cribbens (marine), William 
Rose (marine), John Hippie (marine), John 
Stevenson (marine), Thomas McDonough 
(marine), Thomas Corby, Ass't Eng. Howard 
D. Pott, Acting Master F. G. Pryor, Thomas 
Kelly, James McDonald, John Bannan, Samuel 
Holmes (marine), Robert T. Ewing, James 
Dolan, Albert Saylor, Thomas Bentley, John 
Britt, William J. Harnett, Patrick McGee, 
Stephen Haughton, John Matig, John Steven- 
son, Patrick Finnigan, William John Brandt, 
John Dougherty, John Shay, Henry Muli- 
neause, John Weaver, James Carpenter, Ass't 
Eng. Hiram Parker. 

Mortuary Record 
of Schuylkill county men in various regiments. 
Killed, or died of wounds or disease : 

John Eplin, I32d Pa. Regt; John W. Sen- 
nett, Co. B, 5 3d Pa.; George Rice, Co. K, 67th 
Pa.; Amos Fisher, Co. A, 88th Pa.; Sergeants 
Emanuel Moyer, Philip Troy, Joseph Koons, 
Co. H, 17th Pa, Cav.; Sergeants John F. 
Mundy, Josiah W. Matthews, Co. F, 109th 
Pa.; James Jenkins, Co. F, 5th U. S. Art. 
George W. Overbeck, Co. G, 8th Pa. Cav. 
William Henry Pritchard, Co. E, 78th Pa. 
Sergeant Robert A. Maingay, Co. D, 118th 
Pa.; Albert Boone Meyer, Co. L, 9th N. Y.; 
Patrick Divine, Capt. S. S. Richards's Pa. 
Cav.; William Casey, 8(st Pa.; Joseph L. 
Seiders, Co. I, Ii8th Pa.; James Devine, 32d 
Tenn.; Henry Harris, 36th Pa.; Sergeant Ben- 
jamin Franklin Jones, Co. I, 52d Pa.; Martin 
Pike, Co. D, 41st Pa.; Daniel Schwenk, Co. 
N, 28th Pa. ; Emanuel Esterheld, Co. K, 76th 
Pa.; George Nagle, Co. G, 107th Pa.; Daniel 
Wiehry, Co. L, 3d Pa. Cav.; John Davis, navy; 
John M. Southam, on western gunboat; James 

B.Kane, 13th Pa. Cav.; Frank Dolan, 69th 
N. Y.; Frederick Boltz, Co. F, 184th Pa.; A. 
R. Wilson, Co. I, 2d Pa. Cav. ; Sergeant George 
S. Herring, Co. H, 17th Pa. Cav.; Corporal J. 
B. Heiser, Co. H, 17th Pa. Cav.; L. Kershner, 
Co. D, 198th Pa.; Henry Hoy, Philip Keely, 
107th Pa.; William R. Wren, Co. K, 19th Pa. 
Cav.; Sergeant Silas C. Hough, 5th Pa. Cav.; 
John C. Cole, 43d U. S. colored; Henry H. 
Bickley, Co. E, lOth N. J.; Thomas K. Rausch, 
Co. C, 2d Iowa; Sergeant James Murray, Co. 
H, 8 1st Pa.; Thomas H. James, ist N. Y. Cav.; 
Sergeant Theodore F. Beck, Co. D, 15th Pa. 
Cav.; Sergeant William Place, Co. E, 72d Pa.; 
William C. Shissler, 8th Mich. ; Edward Heth- 
erington, Battery I, 2d Pa. Art. ; William H. 
H. Brown, 17th Pa. Cav.; John Roseberry 
Roads, Co. M, 6th Pa. Cav.; Degenhart C. 
Pott, 1 1 2th Pa. Regt. ; Charles Francis Koch, 
2Sth Mich.; Edward R. Evelan*, Co. E, 28th 
Pa.; Sergeant John J. Jones, Co. I, 15th N. J.; 
Frederick Snyder, Co. E, Pa.; Captain 
James Roljertson, Co. I, 22d la.; Lieut. George 
Byron Clayton, 5th Pa. Cav. ; George B. Smith, 
Co. E, 147th Pa.; Lieut. Will. K. Pollock, ist 
U. S. Art..; William M. Steel, Co. A, 124th 
111.; Lieut. J. A. Dunston, Co. C, lOSth Pa.; 
Henry Hehn, 9th Pa.; Robert Davis, Co. K, 
76th Pa.; Michael Henegan, Co. K, 52d, Pa.; 
William Welsh, Co. A, 67th Pa.; John O'Don- 
nell, Co. H, 8 ist Pa.; John Menear, Co. E, 6th 
Pa. Cav.; Corp. Jeremiah Delay, Co. H, 8ist 
Pa.; Reese W. Roberts, Co. L, 3d Pa. Cav.; 
Jacob Arnold, Co. D, 28th Pa., Christian 
Ernst, nth Pa.; John H. Miller, Co. L, 3d 
Pa.; Benjamin Miller, 6th U. S. Cav.; Henry 
Harrison, Co. A, 5th Pa. Art.; Jacob Deiter, 
Co. I, loist Pa.; Joseph Dale, 5 2d Pa.; Joseph 
Foster, Co. D, 5th Wis. ; Patrick Dollard, Co. 
H, 31st Pa.; Thomas Sullivan, Co. D, 107th 
Pa. ; Thomas Boran, Co. B, 6th Pa. ; Martin 


Dacy, Co. B, 6th Pa.; William H. Medler, 8ist 
Pa.; George Wilson Bratton, Co. G, 15th Cav. ; 
John S. Meredith, Co. H, 137th Pa.; Corporal 
John H. Slingluff, Co. A, 138th Pa.; Lieut. 
Wm. D. Williams, Co. F, 184th Pa. 
y Mortuary record in the nine months' service : 

Marcus Drey, of Captain Wellington's Zou- 
aves, 129th Pa.; George Andrew Lerch, Co. 
H, 129th Pa.; Lieutenant Edward Wertley, 
Co. H, 129th Pa.; Captain George J. Lawrence, 
Co. A, 129th Pa ; John Michael, Co. B, 129th 
Pa.; Reuben Kline, Co. B, 129th Pa.; Edward 
Reber, Co. B, 129th Pa.; Joseph H. Heisler, 
Co. A, 129th Pa.; George H. Payne, Co. H, 
173d P. V. M.: Samuel Burkhart Richland, 
Jr., Co. G, 129th P. v.; Asher Woomer, Co. 
E, 129th P. V. 

The Coal Industry. — Three companies, the 
Lehigh Coal and Navigation, the Delaware 
and Hudson Canal, and the Pennsylvania Coal, 
sought in the eastern markets in 185 1 to 
practically monopolize the trade and leave 
Schuylkill county without customers. The 
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company 
. attempted to thwart their design by reducing 
their rates on coal, and in order to do so suc- 
cessfully, they arranged with wharf-owners at 
Port Richmond to secure the large tonnage of 
the coming year at that place. This course 
excited the Navigation Company, who rashly 
acted before making any investigation and 
lowered coal freight rates very low, thus throw- 
ing the trade into confusion. 

1852 proved a prosperous year for all con- 
cerned in the coal trade — operators, capitalists 
and laborers. 

Bannan Peale and Weatherel's statistical 
chart prepared for the World's Fair, at New 
York in 1853, gave the following statistics of 
the Schuylkill coal region : Number of collier- 
ies, 1 15 ; red ash, 58 ; white ash, 57 ; operators, 

86; miles of underground railroads, 126'..; 
steam engines employed in the coal opera- 
tions, 210; aggregate horse power, 7,071; 
number of miners and laborers emploj'ed at 
collieries, 9,792 ; miners' houses, out of towns, 
2,756 ; capital invested in collieries, ^3462,- 
000 ; of which there was invested by individual 
operators about ^2,600,000; number of yards 
in depth of the deepest slope, 353 ; thickness 
in feet of the largest vein of coal, 80 ; of the 
smallest, 2. 

1853 al-so proved a prosperous j'car, and 
1854 is known in the history of tiic anthracite 
coal trade as the " good year," when an extra- 
ordinary demand was made for coal and high 
prices were prevalent. In the last-named year, 
the extension of the Mine Hill and Schuyl- 
kill Haven Railroad was completed by Sep- 
tember into the Mahanoy \'allcy, and that 
great coal reL^ion was opened up to the 
eastern markets. 

The year 1855 was satisfactory to oijcrators 
and laborers. 

In' 1856, a coal association was formed with 
Samuel Sillyman as president, and the efforts 
of the Scranton coal producers to monopolize 
the market made it apparent to the transpor- 
tation companies operating in Schuylkill 
county that rivalry between them would be 
ruinous to their interests. The railroad com- 
pany, however, made a drawback of fifteen 
cents from Port Richmond to New York and the 
eastern markets, based on the discovery that 
the tolls to Port Richmond were equal to the 
prices of the New York companies in the 
New York market, but were fifteen cents too 
high for the eastern markets. The Navi [Ra- 
tion Company, on learning of this arrangement 
on the part of its rival, then made a reduc- 
tion of fifteen cents per ton by canal to Phila- 
delphia, which move, unfortunately, unsettled 



the whole trade, as the New York companies 
reduced their rates in a corresponding degree- 
and the buyers, anticipating another season of 
ruinous competition, pursued a policy detri- 
mental to the interests of the entire coal re- 

The sad and bitter experience of 1857 in- 
duced the Schuylkill coal operators to seek a 
prevention of its losses by entering into an 
arrangement with president John Tucker, 
of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Com- 
pany, whereby he resigned the presidency of 
his road and assumed the regulation of the 
Schuylkill coal trade. Mr. Tucker was 
admirably qualified for the position which he 
assumed as head of the new coal association, 
which represented an output of over three 
millions of tons. The panic of September, 
1857, came, and Mr. Tucker's utmost skill and 
great energy were insufficient to make the 
trade prosperous. 

1858 opened with gloomy prospects. The 
Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad 
Company sold at auction looo tons of" coal 
below circular prices, and the Schuylkill oper- 
ators were compelled to seek lower rates of 
transportation or be driven from the markets. 
The Navigation Company made no reduction in 
tolls, but allowed the burden of reduced rates 
to fall on the boatmen, while the railroad 
company made just sufficient reduction to 
induce the operators to continue operations. 
It now became manifest that individual enter- 
prise was not sufficient, and that associate 
capital was an absolute necessity for the de- 
velopment of the Schuylkill anthracite coal 
region. In a paper read before the Pottsville 
Scientific Association by P. W. Sheafer, he 
said : 

" It is doubtless unfavorable to the profit- 
able working of our coal beds that there is 

frequently both a want of capital and of the 
proper concentration of that which exists. 
Certainly no method of mining coal can be 
less economical than to fit out a number of 
separate operations uport comparatively smap 
estates, with all the necessary engines and 
other improvements, instead of selecting a 
suitable point from which the coal of several 
adjacent tracts could be worked by one large 
operation equipped in the best manner. This 
policy can only be carried out effectively by 
the union of the proprietors of adjacent tracts. 
Indeed, the pursuit of the toal below the water 
level, requiring increased capital, has already 
tended to the concentration of the business 
of mining in fewer hands ; and as the necessity 
of shafting to the lower coals becomes more 
apparent, the discussion, among those inter- 
ested, of an enlightened system of harmonious 
action is more and more frequent." 

The years 1859, i^^o ^-^^ 1861, were not 
promising to the coal operators, but their 
greatest trial came with the early days of 1 862, 
when the Pennsylvania Coal Company reduced 
the rates of coal fifty cents per ton below the 
opening prices of the preceding year. This 
action seemed to have inaugurated the very 
midnight of the gloomy period, whose day- 
dawn of better times came in the same year 
with the increased consumption of coal by the 
government for war purposes, and by the 
manufacturers of war material. A flood on 
the 4th of June delayed navigation three 
weeks and reduced the coal supply one miUion 
bushels, thereby causing prices to advance, 
and helped to improve the coal trade. 

A few small labor strikes occurred during 
1862, and some collieries were stopped for 
some days. 

An important move of the Philadelphia and 
Reading Railroad Company during the year 



was the leasing of the following railroads : 
Swatara, April ist; Mount Carbon, May i6th ; 
Mahanoy and Broad Mountain, July ist; and 
Union Canal, July 2Sth. It also purchased 
the stock of a proposed railroad to New York 

1863 witnes.sed a wonderful expansion of the 
coal trade, and the next year was one of 
wonderful pro.sperity, with high prices for coal, 
labor and transportation, and only marred by 
the Mollie Maguire and other labor troubles, 
that called a portion of the loth New Jersey 
regiment into Cass township to restore order. 

July, 1864, witnessed a .strike of the engi- 
neers and brakemen of the lateral roads, which 
were then taken possesion of by the United 
States, and operated to supply coal for govern- 
ment use until the old hands declared their 
strike off and returned to work. 

During the early part of 1865 the govern- 
ment demand almost ceased, and the wages 
of labor was reduced from twenty-five to 
thirty-three per cent., which led to a suspension 
of work at the collieries for nearly two months. 

In 1866 the trade was dull, and in 1867 and 
1868 was but little better, prices being kept up 
somewhat by several turnouts that lessened 
the supply. 

In 1868 a strike was made to reduce a 
day's work from ten to eight hours, without 
any reduction in the wages, but ultimately 
failed, although considerable mob violence 
was displayed. On July 23, 1868, the Work- 
ingmen's Benevolent Association or Miner's 
Union was organized, and in 1869 carried 
on quite a contest with the operators, but 
failed after a four months' strike, extending 
from the middle of May to the middle of Sep- 
tember, to establish their " basis system " with 
the operators ; but they compelled the com- 
panies to make large advances in wages. 

On November 19, 1869, the Anthracite 
Board of Trade of the Schuylkill region was 
organized, representing 4,437,000 tons of coal, 
and acted thereafter for the operators in all 
negotiations with the workmen. Previous to 
this (April 28, 1869) Franklin B. Gowen had 
been elected president of the Philadelphia & 
Reading Railroad Company, and a strong 
hope was entertained that under his adminis- 
tration the Schuylkill coal region would 
receive the support which had been withheld 
from it by the company for many years. 

1870 was a worse year than 1869. On 
July 12, 1870, the Philadelphia and Reading 
Railroad Company leased the Schuylkill Navi- 
gation Company, and thus crushed all rivalry 
to it in transportation in the county. Mining 
operations were suspended from April to 
August, while the operators and miners were 
trying to agree upon a basis of wages. The 
miners asked for wages on the basis of ^3 
per ton for coal at Port Carbon, while the 
operators claimed that J3 was too high to 
permit competition with the large companies 
of the Lackawanna region, and the matter was 
settled at the request of both parties by Mr 
Gowen, by the " Gowen Compromise," under 
whose terms the ^3 basis was established, but 
sliding down as well as up with the change in 
the price of coal. 

Toward the close of the year (November 7) 
the Anthracite Board and the Benevolent 
Association sent delegates to Pottsville to 
settle the terms of a basis of wages for 1871. 
An agreement was signed and ratified, based 
on $2. 50 per ton as the price of coal at Port 
Carbon. The association soon joined in .1 
strike that was ordered in the Lackawanna 
coal region and work in the Schuylkill region 
was suspended for four months. Then, .iftcr 
all efforts had failed to make any arrange- 



ment, a board of arbitration was constituted 
with Judge William Elwell as umpire. On 
the subject of interference with the working 
of the mines, Judge Elwell rendered an adverse 
decision to the miners' claim, and gave a scale 
of wages based upon $2.^$ per ton for coal at 
Port Carbon. 

The average price at Port Carbon for the 
year, after the adoption of the scale, was ;^2.6i 
per ton. 

The year 1870 also was remarkable for the 
organization of the Philadelphia and Reading 
Coal and Iron Company. It was an auxiliary 
of the railroad company and purchased during 
the year seventy thousand acres of coal 
land in Schuylkill county, which was " capable 
of supplying all the coal tonnage that can 
possibly be transported over the road for 

In 1871 the rate of wages was on ^2.50 per 
ton at Port Carbon and wages not to go below 
that if coal did decline, which it did to ^2.14 
per ton, while in 1872 the miners obtained 
more favorable terms still from the operators. 
In 1873 the Philadelphia and Reading 
Company, after having spent ;^8oo,ooo in 
loans to individuals to work their coal lands, 
with unsatisfactory results, concluded to go 
into the coal business for themselves, and 
Mr. Gowen so regulated the coal trade as to 
insure prosperity to his own company and 
benefit all other coal companies in the county. 
An organization was formed under the title of 
the " Associated Coal Companies," composed 
of the large mining and transporting com- 
panies of the county, and their measures were 
such that the coal trade was prosperous, not- 
withstanding the great panic of 1873 ^"^ the 
opposition of the press and the coal brokers. 
Wages was arranged for the year on a basis 
of ^2.50 per ton of coal at Port Carbon as a 

minimum, and the associated companies kept 
the price up to ^^2.58 per ton during the year. 

The Philadelphia and Reading Company 
formed a " pool " at Port Richmond for the 
consolidation and shipment of coalsj for pro- 
ducers, and engaged in the retail coal business 
in Philadelphia, where they built large yards. 

The great depression in manufacturing in 
1874 depressed the coal trade; yet the ^2.50 
basis of wages was maintained in Schuylkill 
county, and the average price of coal at Port 
Carbon for the year was $2.60 per ton. 

Tke Long Strike. — A general reduction of 
wages in 1875 was resolved upon by the coal 
operators throughout the entire anthracite 
region on account of the depressed state of 
the coal trade. The following scale of wages 
was decided upon for 1 875 : " Outside wages, 
first class, ;^i.50 per day; second-class, $\.'i,^ ; 
all inside work to be on a basis system — 
basis ^2.50 per ton at Port Carbon; inside 
labor and miners' wages to be reduced ten 
per cent, below the rates of 1874; contract 
work to be reduced twenty per cent. ; one per 
cent, oh inside work to-Jje paid in addition to 
the basis rate for every three cents' advance in 
the price of coal above ^2.50 per ton ; and one 
per cent, to be deducted from the basis rate 
for every three cents' decline in the price of 
coal below ^2.50 per ton at Port Carbon. No 
maximum and no minimum. 

"The wages in 1874 were: for miners, II13 
per week; inside labor, ^11 per week; outside 
labor, ;^io per week, when the price of coal 
was ^2.50 per ton at Port Carbon, and to rise 
one cent to every three cents' advance in the 
price of coal above ;^ per ton. These 
terms were submitted to a committee of the 
Miners' and Laborers', Benevolent Association 
on the 1st of January, 1875. After some dis- 
cussion they were rejected, and an order 



issued by the officers of the association that 
work at the mines should be stopped imme- 
diately." Thus commenced the celebrated 
" Long Strike" of 1875, which lasted for six 
months, during which time a reign of terror 
existed throughout the great anthracite coal 
region and paralyzed every other industry as 
well as that of coal production. 

The struggle was long, bitter and deter- 
mined upon the part of both the miners and 
the operators, and terminated in the complete 
overthrow of the miners' association, as it was 
not able to cope successfully with the Phila- 
delphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company, 
whose resources were greater than those of 
any individual operator or home coal com- 
pany. The issue was decisive, and placed the 
operators in complete and unquestioned con- 
trol of their collieries, with power to pay a 
rate of wages without consulting any working- 
men's association. 

The " Long Strike ' ended in June, and the 
dissolution of the Associated Coal Companies 
took place on August 22. One-half million 
bushels of coal was sold at a sacrifice, was re- 
duced from fifteen to twenty-five per cent., 
and many operators ran their collieries to 
determine which was the cheapest, to work or 
stand still. 

Mollic Maguires. — In the history of crime 
in the United States no criminal organization 
ever made as startling a record as the Mollie 
Maguires, who held the anthracite coal regions 
in a state of terror for many years. 

One who is well acquainted with the coal 
region says : 

" The ruflfianism which prevailed here dur- 
ing many )cars under the name of Mollie 
Maguireism was transplanted here from Ire- 
land; but it never could have acquired the 
fearful character which it came to possess here 

had it not found a condition of things favor- 
able to its development One historian speaks 
as follows of the Irish, who constitute the 
larger portion of the population in the miners' 
villages and 'patches' of the coal regions: 

" Coming here fresh from the contact with 
the landlord and the land agent in Ireland, 
with no surrounding influence to teach them 
their error, they transfer a prejudice which has 
grown with their growth and strengthened 
with their strength to the coal operators and 
the boss, from whom they derive their sub- 
sistence and under whose direction they work. 
Taught from infancy to believe that as against 
them capital is never used except as an instru- 
ment of oppression, under the influence some- 
times of real wrongs, but more frequently 
under a mistaken belief of an encroachment 
upon their rights, a spirit of resistance is 
aroused, which wicked and designing wretches 
have so used and controlled as to render the 
undetected commission of horrid crimes not 
only easy, but to a certain extent sympathized 

In the initial year of the present century 
the Ribbon Society, of Ireland, was organized 
against " the oppression cjf the landlords, ' 
and were charged with the commission of 
many crimes. About 1S43 the Mollie Ma- 
guires were organized as a branch of the Rib- 
bon men. The society derives its name either 
from a ferocious woman who was a terror to 
civil officers, or a woman at whose house the 
organization was eflected; while others say the 
title came from some of the members disguis- 
ing themselves in women's clothes to more 
securely and unexpectedly attack and beat the 
civil officers, or " process servers." 

It is not believed that the Mollie Maguire^ 
were transplanted here from Ireland, >et it 
seems that miners, who came from the l-,mcr- 



aid Isle, and were acquainted with the doings 
of the society there, suggested the name for 
the lawless organization that in 1 848 signed 
its threatening notices, " One of Mollie's 
Children," and in 1854 was known as " Black 
Spots," and also as " Buck Shots." 

Dewees says of them: 

"The MoUie Maguire of the coal region 
comes into existence without cause or pretense 
of a cause in the past or present history of this 
country. Standing the equal before the law 
of any man or set of men in the land, his 
rights guarded and even his prejudices re- 
spected, he becomes with fiendish malice and 
in cold blood an incendiary and assassin; a 
curse to the land that has welcomed him with 
open arms, and a blot, a stain and a disgrace 
upon the character of his countrymen and the 
name of the land of his nativity." 

Another writer says: 

"In this country no association was ever 
organized under the name of Mollie Maguire. 
The Ancient Order of Hibernians, a benevolent 
and highly respectable association, which had 
a large membership in the United States, in 
Canada and Great Britain, and was in Penn- 
sylvania as well as some other States incor- 
porated by law, came to be controlled in the 
coal region by the desperate outlaws who con- 
stituted what were termed Mollie Maguires 
here, and who stamped their character on the 
order in the coal regions. 

" It does not appear that there was in the 
constitution of this order anything criminal; 
but the evidence is too strong to admit of a 
reasonable doubt that the divisions of the 
order throughout the United States were as- 
sessed to raise funds for defending the crimi- 
nals here. Charitable people seek to excuse 
this action of the national delegates, and to 
believe that the members of the order else- 

where had no sympathy with the acts of these 

In 1862 the Mollies first became prominent 
in the county by inciting resistance to the 
officers of the law and raising riots to stop work 
at some of the collieries where miners had 
struck. Through the years 1863 and 1864, 
and 1865, they continued to commit outrages. 
The Miners' Journal of March. 30, 1867, charges 
them with having committed fourteen murders 
in the county in 1863; fourteen in 1864; 
twelve in 1 865 ; five in 1 866 ; and five up to 
March 30, 1867. From 1868 to 1871, there 
were no murders ; but in December of that 
year, the Mollies commenced a fearful career 
of crime, that made their names infamous 
throughout the whole civilized world, by a 
murder in Carbon county. 

The terror of the terrible Mollie Maguires 
was such in the county that none felt secure 
who condemned their proceedings. Franklin 
B. Gowen, president of the Philadelphia and 
Reading Coal and Iron Company, seeing the 
inability of the civiLauthorities to crush the 
society that threatened the coal trade with 
destruction, employed privately a Pinkerton 
detective named James McParlan, an Irish- 
man, who is thus described : 

" Of medium height, a slim but wiry figure, 
well knit together ; a clear, hazel eye ; hair of 
an auburn color, and bordering upon the style 
denominated as sandy ; a forehead high, full, 
and well rounded forward ; florid complexion, 
regular features, with beard and moustache a 
little darker than his hair, there was no mis- 
taking McParlan's place of nativity, even had 
not his slight accent betrayed his Celtic origin. 
He was, in fact, a fine specimen of the better 
class of immigrants in this country. He was 
passably educated, had beheld and brushed 
against the people of a considerable portion of 



the new world during the short time he had 
been in it, and earned a reputation for honesty, . 
a peculiar tact and shrewdness, skill, and per- 
severance in performing his numerous and 
difficult duties, and worked himself into the 
position of a firm favorite with those of his 
employes intimately associated with him." 

McParlan's career as a MoUie we give in 
the language of one well acquainted with the 
facts : 

" He first came into the county at Port 
Clinton ; then visited Auburn, Pine Grove, 
Schuylkill Haven, Tremont, Mahanoy City, 
New Town, Swalara, Middle Creek, Rausch's 
Creek, Donaldson, Tower City and other 
places, making investigations which convinced 
him that the existence of the order of Mollic 
Maguircs was a reality, and that ' if every 
member of the Ancient Order of Hibernians 
was not a Mollic Maguire, every Mollic Ma- 
guire was a member of the Hibernian Order.' 
" After visiting Philadelphia he returned, 
and for a time made his headquarters at Potts- 
ville, where he became very popular as a 
good-hearted, roystering, reckless devil. He 
' literally sung, danced^ fought and drunk 
himself into popularity with the rough men 
among whom he mingled.' He here made 
the acquaintance of Pat Dormer, a Mollie, and 
one of the county commissioners. He suc- 
ceeded in passing himself on Dormer as a 
member of the order and a fugitive from 
justice, and was by him introduced and recom- 
mended to the body-master of the Shenandoah 
liivision. He went to Shenandoah in February, 
1874, and finding it the stronghold of the 
Mollies, he made it his headquarters during 
his entire career in the coal regions. At first he 
engaged as a miner, but finding that work inter- 
fered with his detective operations, he aban- 
doned it, and accounted for his ability to live 

without work by saying that he was a govern- 
ment pensioner, and by pretending to some 
that he was a ' shover of the queer," or passer 
of counterfeit money. He repeated to the body- 
master (Michael or ' Muff' Lawlor) the sti^rx 
that he was a fugitive from justice, and that he 
dared not write to his body-master at Buffalo 
for a card, and proposed to be initiated again. 
This was assented to, and the initiation took 
place April 14th. 1874 

" The ceremony of initiation was simple, 
consi.stin^' of an explanation of the principles 
of the order ; in which it may be observed 
there was nothing ohjcctionablc, and an obli- 
gation of secrecy, mutual friendshi|), and obe- 
dience to the rules <<( the ortlcr and to superior 
officers ' in everything lawful and not other- 
wise.' This was followed h)- instruction in 
the sc. ret work, or 'goods,' which cmsistid 
of sit^Mis of ri.coi^'nition, tnasts for the sainc 
purpose, passwords, and night words. 

" Mcl'arlan tiu'is became what he had before 
priifcsscd to he, a full-fledged Mollie Maguire. 
I Ic found that there was no such distinct order 
in .Xmerica as the Mollic Maguircs, but that in 
the coal regions vicious men had taken posses- 
sion of the Ancient Order of Hibernians for 
the accomplishment of their fiendish purpo.scs. 
This society was chartered by the Legislature, 
and in its written constitution not only was 
nothing reprehensible to be found, but, on the 
contrary, it inculcated pure principles of be- 
nevolence and morality. So thoroughly had 
the Mollies taken possession ><f it in the coal 
regions, however, that the avowed objects of 
it were wholly, disregarded ; not even a pre- being made of carrying them out. " 

McParlan also stated that when a member 

wanted any one killed he reported to his body 

master, and if the death was decided <>n, 

'■ assassins were furnished from another division 



to do the bloody work, and thus would not be 
known by any one who might meet or see 

The miners complained of unfair coal 
wagons, false weight, the discharge of men 
without cause and various other matters in 
connection with 'the operating of the mines. 

When the strike of 1875 closed in defeat to 
the miners, the Mollies inaugurated a perfect 
reign of terror, and the project even was dis- 
cussed by the society of attacking Mahanoy 

The Mollies by their votes and their mem- 
bers who held township and county offices, 
were enabled to win pardons for criminals and 
defeat the ends of justice in many cases. This 
fearful state of affairs led a committee of fifty 
prominent citizens of the county to visit Harris- 
burg and secure the passage of a law by which a 
criminal court was established for the counties 
of Dauphin, Lebanon and Schuylkill. Col. 
David B. Green was appointed Judge of this 
district and held the office until its abolish- 
ment by the new Constitution of 1874. 

The Shenandoah Herald, conducted by 
Thomas Foster, fearlessly denounced the 
Mollies, notwithstanding their threats of de- 
stroying the office and killing the editor. 

On September 3, 1875, a murder was com- 
mitted at Storm Hill, in Carbon County, and 
the murderers, who were Mollies, were ar- 
rested and taken to Mauch Chunk. Michael 
Doyle, one of these murderers, was convicted 
on information furnished by McParlan, 
through the Pinkerton Agency, and James 
Kerrigan, a prisoner at Mauch Chunk, was so 
worked upon as to turn " informer^' and sub- 
stantiated McParlan's account. 

Vigilant committees had now been formed 
in Schuylkill county, and Charles O'Donnell, 
a murderer and Mollie, was killed by some of 

these vigilants, near Mahanoy City, an act 
.that struck terror into the hearts of the 
Mollie Maguires, as it was using against them 
their own favorite weapon of assasination. 
Their days were now numbered, and the courts 
were preparing to act with an iron hand. 

On May 4, 1876, James Carroll, James 
Roarity, James Boyle, Hugh McGeehan, and 
Thomas Duffy were arraigned at Pottsville for 
the murder of Yost. McParlan was brought 
on the witness stand, and for the first time the 
people of the county knew of his existence. 
He was on the stand for four days, and his 
testimony was confirmed by Kerrigan, whose 
evidence the Mollies proposed to break by 
the perjury of several of their witnesses. The 
trial was not concluded on account of the 
sickness and subsequent death of one of the 
jurors. McParlan's evidence was so thrilling 
and wonderful that he held the house in 
silence and astonishment. 

At the second trial Boyle, McGeehan, Car- 
roll, and Roarity were convicted of the murder 
of Yost, for which th;ey were hanged on June 
21, 1877. Duffy had demanded a separate 
trial, at which he was convicted. He was also 
hanged with his comrades, in June, 1877. 

Thomas Munley and Davis Donnelly were 
hanged for the murder of Sanger, at Raven's 
Run ; and Martin Bergen met the same fate, 
being convicted of the murder of Patrick H. 
Burns. John (commonly called " jack ") Ke- 
hoe, an acknowledged leader of the Mollies, 
was tried and convicted of the murder of J. 
W. S. Langdon, and was hanged on December 
18, 1878. His counsel had made the most 
strenuous efforts to save him from the extreme 
penalty of the law; but the power of the 
society was broken, and its influence gone, 
and the prisoner went to the gallows. 

The courts acted with decision and dispatch 



in the Mollie Maguire cases, and after dispos- 
ing of the murder trials nearly twenty Mollies 
were tried for attempted murder and for 
perjury, for which crimes they received sen- 
tences of from seven down to two and a half 
years at hard labor. 

This Mollie Maguireism, with all its mys- 
teries, passed away as a power and an influence 
in the great anthracite coal region, where it 
once reigned supreme, through the efforts of 
Franklin B. Gowen, President of the Phila- 
delphia and Reading Iron and Coal Company, 
and the better class of the citizens of the 
county who utterly condemned assassination 
as either a means of justice or injustice. 

Recent Developments. — The greatest devel- 
opment of the county has been in its coal 

The following description of a block of 
coal from a Schuylkill county colliery and the 
machinery used at .i mine is given in the 
catalogue of Pennsylvania exhibits at the 
World's Columbian Ivxposition : 

"The exhibit of coal is naturally an import- 
ant and comjjrehensive one. A square obelisk 
of Pennsylvania Anthracite, fifty-four (54) feet 
in height, occupies the center of the mining 
building, and is, perhaps, the most conspicuous 
single exhibit there. The blocks of coal for 
it'i con.struction were taken from the Mam- 
moth Anthracite Coal Vein, in the mines of 
the Lehigh Valley Coal Company, on the 
Girard Kstate. This obelisk, in the form of 
' CliopatiMs Needle,' presents exactly the 
height and structure of one of Pennsylvania's 
largest coal veins, with the actual stratification 
of coal and slate as they occur in the vein 
from which the material is taken. The 
knowledge of the vast area of our coal mines 
is worlil-widc; but this needle is a vivid 
presentation t)f the additional and most strik- 

ing fact that these veins exist in a thickness 
of over fifty feet. All the varieties of coal, in 
the eight marketable sizes, found in the 
anthracite region are shown in pyramidal 
glass cases, and a complete working illustra- 
tion of the preparation of the coal is presented, 
by means of a miniature coal breaker and 

" The breaker, which is a working model 
showing the whole process of pieparing 
anthracite coal for the market, was hiiilt 
to scale, and is about fourteen feet in height ; 
the breaker and mine together cover about 
two hundred and fifty M|uarc feet of space. It 
is finished in hard wood and includes all the 
machinery of a modern breaker. The sh.ift 
and the slope ,ire represented, the methods of 
raising and dumping cars, and of breakini^, 
.screening and loading coal, .is in actual 
practice. In the mine itself are shown 
methods of laying out, working', ventilating 
and timbering for different pitclns, also the 
methods of transporting coal in the mine, and 
of signaling with cle( trie bells. In addition 
to these are pumps, mine cars, drills, scrapers, 
and in short the complete apparatus used in 
the mining and preparing of anthracite 
The methods of anthracite mining are still 
further illustrated by a series of exception- 
ally fine working drawings." 

On the Girard I^t.ite referred t.^ in the 
above description, are some of the most 
valuable mines in the country. An account 
of this estate and its valuable mines will be 
found elsewhere in this volume. 

The story of the progress of the coal pro- 
duction is best told in the following t.i!)l<-, 
which gives the number of tons produced in 
the ye.irs named in the Schuylkill field as in 
comparison with the total product of the entire 
anthracite ret^ion : 





Whole region. 



Whole region. 




i860 . . 

• - 3,749-632 



t ... 


1861 . . 

. . 3,160,747 





1862 . . 

■ ■ 3,372,583 



. . 1,128 



• 3,911,683 


1824 . 

■ ■ 1,567 


1864 . . 

• 4,161,970 


1825 . 



1865 . . 

• 4,356,959 


1826 . 



1866' . 

■ 5,787,902 


1827 . 

■ • 3I.3S0 








1868 . . 

• 5,335,737 





1869 . . 

• 5,725,138 





1870 . 

■ 4,851,8^5 


183I . 

. . 81,854 


187I . . 






1872 . . 

■ 6,469,912 


1833 • 

• ■ 252,971 


1873 . . 

. 6,294,769 


1834 . 

. . 226,692 


1874 . . 



183s • 

■ • 339.508 








1876 . 




• • .530,152 





1838 . 



1878 . . 















1 841 . 

. . 624,466 


1881 . . 

• 9,253,958 


1842 . 



1882 . 

. 9,459,288 

29, 1 20,096 

1843 . 

. . 710,200 


1883 . . 

. 10,074,726 


1844 • 

• •• 887,937 


1884 . . 

• 9,478,314 


1845 . 

■ • 1,131,724 


1885 . .' 

. 9,488,426 


1846 . 

. . 1,308,500 


1886 . . 

• 9,381,407 


1847 . 

• • 1,665,735 


1887 . 

. 10,609,028 


1848 . 

• • 1,733,721 


1888 . . . 

. 10,654,116 


1849 . 

. . 1,728,500 


1889 . . 

. 10,486,185 


1850 . 



1 890 . . 

. 10,867,822 





189I . . 

. 12,741,285 


1852 . 

• ■ 2,637,835 


1.892 . . 

. 12,626,784 


1853 • 

. . 2,665,110 


1854 . 

• • 3,291,670 


To get the 

actual product 

of the mines. 

1855 . 

■ 3;SS2,943 


add*i2 per cent 

. to above table, 

— the amount 

1856 . 

. . 3,603,029 


consumed in an 

d about the mines and sold to 

i8S7 . 

■ • 3,373,797 


the local trade. 

1858 . 

• • 3,273,245 


In 1882, th< 

; anthracite coal fields were 

1859 . 

■ • 3,448,708 


divided into . 

seventeen districts by J. H. 



Jones, confidential accountant of the trans- 
porting companies, and this division was pro- 
visionally adopted by the Second Geological 
Survey of Pennsylvania. The seventeen dis- 
tricts thus accepted were : Carbondale, Scran- 
ton, Pittston, Wilkes-Barre, Green Mountain, 
Black Creek, Hazleton, Beaver Meadow, East 
Mahanoy, West Mahanoy, Shamokin, Panther 
Creek, East Schuylkill, West Schuylkill, Lor- 
berry, Lykens Valley and Loyalsock. Of 
these districts the 9th, 13th, 14th and 15th 
were wholly in Schuylkill county, while a 
large part of the lothand i6th and a portion of 
the 8th and 12th were within the county. 

We give the following list of the operating 
collieries in those districts wholly or partly in 
the county in 1881, with their products in 
tons as compiled from the mine inspectors' 
reports : 


Ellangowaii, Lanigans, 240,977; Elmwood, 
Mahanoy City, 282 ; Knickerbocker, Yates - 
ville, 113,555; Mahanoy City, Mahanoy City, 
1 14,339 • North Mahanoy, Mahanoy City. 
71,190; Schuylkill, Mahanoy City, 81,925 ; St, 
Nicholas, St. Nicholas, 1 1 1,03 1 ; Tunnel Ridge, 
Mahanoy City, 74,654 ; Copley, Mahanoy 
City, 68,777; Glendon, Mahanoy City, 95,481; 
Primrose, Mahanoy City, 55,193; Coal Run, 
St. Nicholas, 127,400; Staffordshire, St. Nich- 
olas, 11,422; West Lehigh, Mahanoy City, 
46,757; Webster, Mahanoy City, 24,119; 
North Star, Mahanoy City, 24,000; total, 


Mlddleport, Middleport, 6,600; Pine For- 
est, St. Clair, 41,549; l'-;i;;lo. St. Clair, 49,361 ; 
Becchwood, Mt. Laffee, 39,706; Wadesvillc, 
Wadesville, iio,S74; Eagle Hill, New Phila- 
delphia, 70,084 ; Pottsville, Pottsville, 16,47.^ ; 

Palmer Vein, New Philadelphia, 28,000 ; St. 
Clair, St. Clair, 3,524; Sharpe Mt . Pottsville, 
2,540; Monitor, Wadesville, 1.S54; Peach 
Orchard, St. Clair, 1,362; St. Clair, St. Clair, 
235 ; Hiawatha, Middleport, ; New Bos- 
ton, New Boston, 155, 9^4; East Lehigh, 
Mahanoy City, 10,116; Repplier, New Castle, 
3,106; Mammoth, Broad Mt , 750; Whip- 
poorwill, St. Clair, 129 ; Keim & Repp, Mill 

Creek, 165; Garfield, 252, , 637; total, 



Gate Vein, Pottsville, ; Mine Hill Gap, 

Minersville, 48,902; Thomaston, Hecksher- 
ville, 82,975 ; Richardson, Glen Carbon, 
5.s,3S,s ; Glendower, Glen Carbon, 5i.4'j5; 
Phceni.v Park No 2, Phcenix Park, 33,011; 
Phcenix Park No. 3, Phujnix Park, 2J.163 ; 
Black Mine, Llewellyn, 16,357 ; Ellsworth, 
Newcastle, 11.933; Black V.iliey, Miners 
ville, i,'j4-, Dundas Nil 7, Minersville, 5,000 ; 
Jugular, New Castle, 869; Swatara, Swatara, 
53,124; Otto, Branchdale, 55,905; Black 
Heath, Minersville, 21,132 ; Chandler, Miners- 
ville, 100; Lewis Tract, Minersville, 207 ; W. 
C. Diamond, Minersville, 5,058; Swatara, 
Swatara, 1,046; Chiindler Tract, Minersville, 
9; W. C. Big Diamond, Wolf Creek, S,ooo; 
W. C. Diamond, Minersville, 566; Forestville, 
Forestville, 7; Middle Creek, Swatara, 2; 
total, 478,161. 


Colket, Donaldson, 43,221 ; East Frank- 
lin, Upper Rausch Creek, 19,179; Rausch 
Creek, Tremont Township, 85,382 ; Trcmont 
Lands, Tremont, 131 ; Woods, Tremont, 
1,054; total, 148,967. 


Boston Run, Boston Run, 46,705 ; Conner, 
Girardville, 137,251 ; Girard, Gir.irdvillc, 69,- 



567; Hammond, Girardville, 95,274; Indian 
Ridge, Shenandoah, 143,562 ; Plank Ridge, 
Shenandoah, 107,195 ; West Shenandoah, She- 
nandoah, 122,264; Shenandoah City, Shenan- 
doah, 84,819; Bear Run, St. Nicholas, 19,221 ; 

Furnace, Gilberton, ; Gilberton, Gilber- 

ton, 52,988 ; Girard Mammoth, Raven Run, 
14,273; Turkey Run, Shenandoah, 114,298 
Bear Ridge No. i, Mahanoy Plane, 63,196 
Bear Ridge No. 2, Mahanoy Plane, 74,425 
Colorado No. i. West Mahanoy Township, 
81,564; Shenandoah No. 2, West .Mahanoy 
Township, 126,510; Lehigh No. 3, West 
Mahanoy Township, 170,078; Packer No. 4, 
West Mahanoy Township, 200,682; Cam- 
bridge, Shenandoah, 9,065 ; Cuyler, Raven 
Run, 177,954; Draper^ Gilberton, 117,132; 
Kohinoor, Shenandoah, 175,861 ; Lawrence, 
Gilberton, 112,200; Stanton, Gilberton, 57,- 
854; Kehley Run, Shenandoah, ; Wil- 
liam Penn, West Mahanoy Township, 222,- 
252; Laurel Ridge, Mahanoy City, 11,016; 
Oakdale, Mahanoy City, 10,000; Mount Car- 
mel. Mount Carmel, 184,358 ; Bast, Big Mine 

Run, 91,785 ; Helfenstein, Helfenstein, ; 

Keystone, Locust Dale,7;726; Merriam, Locust 
Summit, 93,589; Potts, Locust Dale, 96,240; 
North Ashland, Dark Corner, 119,300; Pres- 
ton Nos. I and 2, Girardville, 63,491 ; Pres- 
ton No. 3, Girardville, 88,576; Tunnel, Ash- 
land, 17,404; North Franklin No. 2, Trevor- 
ton, 93,310; Reliance, Mount Carmel, 104,- 
964; Locust Spring, Locust Gap, 90,508; 

Locust Run, Ashland, ; Locust Gap, 

Locust Gap, 86,000 ; Ben Franklin, Douty- 
ville, 32,158 ; Monitor, Locust Gap, 126,062; 
Black Diamond, Mount Carmel, 7,368 ; Hazel 
Dell, Centralia, 29,000 ; Mount Carmel, Mount 
Carmel, 135,612; Big Mine Run, Big Mine 
Run, 134,525 ; Continental, Centralia, 62,506; 
Montana No. i, Centralia, 73 ; Franklin No. 

2, Barry Township, 29,917; Rausch Gap, 
Valley View, 1,195 ; Montana No. 2, Mon- 
tana, 42,941 ; Pioneer, Ashland, 958; Logan, 
Centralia, 117,525; Centraha, Centralia, 10,- 
662 ; Bear City, Centralia, 2,450 ; Morris 
Ridge, Centralia, 45,S07; total, 4,532,916. 


Lincoln, Tremont Township, 146,899; Kal- 
mia, Orwin, 83,167; West Brooks.ide, Porter 
Township, 374,533 ; Williamstown, Williams- 
town, 279,790 ; Short Mountain, Lykenstown, 
198,188; Big Run Gap, Williams Valley, 
2,628 ; total, 1,085,205. 


Coleraine, Beaver Meadow, 138,187 ; Spring 
Mountain No. i, Jeansville, 102,075; Spring 
Mountain No. 5 and Drift, Jeansville, 11 3,025 ; 
Tresckow, Tresckow, 1 16,561 ; Spring Brook 
No. 5, Yorktown, 83,685 ; Spring Brook No. 
6, Yorktown, 94,994 ; Beaver Brook, French- 
town, 98,028 ; Honeybrook, No. i, Auden- 
ried, 81,116; Honeybrook, No. 4, Audenried, 
164,940; Honeybrook No. 5, Audendried, 
124,302; total, 1,116,913. 


Breaker No. 3, Nesquehoning, 136,150; 
Breaker No. 4, Jamestown, 54(324; Breaker 
No. 5, Andrewsville, 73,240; Breaker No. 
6, Andrewsville, 91,551 ; Breaker No. 9, Coal- 
dale, 59,133 ; Breaker No. 8, Coaldale, 140,- 
365 ; Breaker No. 10, Bull Run, 86,463 ; 
Breaker No. 11, Bull Run, 81,525; Green- 
wood, Tamaqua, 2,776 ; West Lehigh, Tama- 
qua, 16,500 , total, 742,027. 

The seventeen districts named in a preced- 
ing paragraph were arranged in six mining 
districts, whose names, numbers and inspec- 
tors were as follows in 1 88 1 : 

First Schuylkill, No. i, Samuel Gay; Sec- 



ond Schuylkill, No. 2, Robert Mauchline; 
Third Schuylkill, No. 3, James Ryan ; Middle 
Carbon & Luzerne, No. 4, G. M. Williams ; 
Eastern Carbon & Luzerne, No. 5, Patrick 
Blewitt; Southern Carbon & Luzerne, No. 6, 
James E. Broderick. 

The output of. these mining districts for 
1881 is given in the following table. 

District. Shipment. Consumption. Total. 

1 1,726,069 103,566 1,829,635 

2 4,248,666 254,980 4,503,646 

3 4,181,679 250,904 4.432,583 

4 7,021,505 Not given 7,021,505 

5 7,310,042 402,222 7,712,264 

6 5.037.948 Not given 5.o37,948 

29,525,909 30.537.581 

Some definite idea of the thickness and rela- 
tive position of the coal veins of the county 
may be gained from the two sections that are 
here given of the Pottsville and Shenandoah 
and Mahanoy basins : 

i Section Poitsville Basin. 

On Belmont Estate. 

Lewis coal bed 8 feet 

Interval 210 " 

Spohn coal bed 8 " 

Interval 210 " 

Palmer coal bed 3 " 

Interval 268 

Charlie Pott coal bed 3 " 

Interval 78 " 

Clarkson coal bed .... 7 " 

Interval ... 83 " 

Selkirk coal bed 7 " 

Interval 120 " 

Leader of coal 3 " 

Interval 45 " 

Peach Mountain coal bed ... 5 " 

Vicinity PottsTille Shafts 


Coal . . . . . 


Little Tracy coal bed 

Interval . . . . . . 

Coal . . . . . 

Interval ... 

Little Diamond coal bed 


Diamond coal bed . . 

Interval . . 

Little Orchard coal bed 


Orchard coal bed . . 

Interval . ... 

Primrose coal bcfj . . 

Interval . . 

Holmes coal bed 

Interval . . 

Leader of coal . . . 


Mammoth upper coal bed 

Interval . . 

Mammoth lower coal bed 

Interval . . 

Skidmore coal bed . 

Interval ... 

Seven Foot coal bed 


Leader of coal 

Interval . . . 

Leader of coal 


Buck Mountain coal bed 

Eckeit Colliery, Tremont. 

Coal . 

60 feet 

3 " 

58 •• 

6 " 

198 " 

2 " 

40 " 

3 " 

122 " 

6 " 

15S •■ 

3 " 

4 ■' 
190 " 

8 " 

91 " 

4 " 

70 •• 

4 " 

140 " 

7 ■■ 
15 " 
25 " 
60 " 

8 '" 
72 •• 

3 " 

80 " 

00 " 

25 " 

2 " 

25 " 

8 " 

554 feet 

2 " 

50 " 

2 " 



Interval ... 
Lykens Valley coal bed 

Total thickness 
Total coal 

55 feet 
lO " 

3251 feet 
154 " 

Section Shenandoah and Mahanoy Basins. 

Vicinity EUangOTJijan Colliery. 

Big Tracy coal bed ... 4 feet 

Interval . 55 " 

Diamond coal bed . . . 7 " 

Interval ... . 118" 

Little Orchard coal bed . 3 " 

Interval . . 24 " 

Orchard coal bed 11" 

Interval ... 152 " 

Primrose coal bed 8 " 

Interval lOO " 

Holmes coal bed ... . 13 " 

Interval 00 " 

Coal 4 " 

Interval . . . . . 131 " 

Mammoth coal bed, top split . . 12 " 

Interval 39 " 

Mammoth coal bed, middle split . 8 " 

Interval 23 " 

l^ammoth coal bed, bottom split . 15" 

Interval 21 " 

Skidmore coal bed 4 " 

Interval 24 " 

Seven Foot coal bed . . . . 7 " 

Interval 71 " 

Buck Mountain coal bed .... 12 " 

Total thickness 872 feet 

Total coal 108 " 

Sections reported by the Second Geological 

Survey as taken in nine other coal basins of 
anthracite region give a total thickness and 
total coal as follows : 


Carbondale (No. i) 
Carbondale (No. 2) 
Nanticoke . 
Black Creek . 
Panther Creek 

Total Thickness. Total Coal. 

26 feet 
12 " 

329 feet 

296 " 

705 " 

957 " 

1013 " 

447 " 

610 " 

1525 " 

2294 " 







Aside from increased coal production there 
has been marked development recently in 
the agricultural and railway progress of the 
county, and in every branch of industry ; 
while the educational and religious institu- 
tions have kept abreast of the times. 

Pikes. — Early wagon roads preceded the 
old pikes, which in turn gave way to the 
railroads of the present, that are now threatened 
in the populous centres of the country with 
being supplanted in the passenger travel by 
the electric railways. 

The country had nothing but wagon roads 
until the construction of the old Center turn- 
pike, and the coming of the railroads, which 
prevented the building of any more turnpikes 
in Schuylkill county. 

The old Sunbury wagon road was estab- 
lished in 1770, and ran between Reading and 
Sunbury. It was the route over which travel 
passed between Fort Augusta and Philadel- 
phia. It was scarcely passable except on 
horseback. From Port Clinton it ran to 
Schuylkill forge, some two miles; thence in 
a serpentine course to Orwigsburg ; then to 
Schuylkill Haven; thence to Pottsville over 
nearly the route of the Center turnpike, though 
it crossed the river only seven times ; then 
through Minersville to Deep Creek valley, 
some five miles west from Ashland; thence 



over Locust mountain toward Sunbury. It • 
was made barely pjissable by voluntary labor. 

At Deep Creek valley a road branched from 
this, and pursued a crooked course to Pine 
Grove, and thence to Lebanon. Like the 
Sunbury road, it was barely passable except 
for horseback travelers. 

Except these two roads there were at the 
time of the construction of the Center turn- 
pike, and for many years afterward, scarcely 
any roads worthy of the name in the county. 
People traveled over bridle paths, or oftener 
on foot, always taking with them their rifles 
to be ready for any game they might en- 
counter, In 1829 an act of Assembly author- 
ized the construction of a state road between 
Mauch Chunk and Pottsville, which was never 
built. As late as 1830 or 183 1 passengers 
could for the first time be conveyed between 
the two places ; but nineteen of the thirty 
miles were traveled by railroad. Many state 
roads were about this time projected, but only 
a few were built. 

On March 21, 1805, by an act of Assembly, 
a company was incorporated " for making an 
artificial road by the nearest and best route 
from the borough of Sunbury, in the county 
of Northumberland, to the borough of Read- 
ing, in the county of Berks." By another act, 
passed March 21, 1809, the Governor of the 
state was authorized to subscribe for si.\ hun- 
dred shares of the stock. By an act of March 
30, 181 2, the Governor was authorized to sub- 
scribe for three hundred shares in addition to 
the six hundred subscribed before; and by an 
act of -March 26, 1821, $35,000 was to be sub- 
scribed, provided ^30,000 should be applied 
to the payment of a judgment in favor of the 
Bank of Pennsylvania. 

In 1809 the road had been opened through, 
but its condition was very imperfect, and mucii 

of the work of construction was done between 
1807 and 1812. 

Center turnpike in Schuylkill county passed 
from Port Clinton through the townships of 
West Brunswick, North Manheim, Norwegian, 
.\ew Castle and Butler; through the boroughs 
of Orwigsburg and Pottsville, in which last it 
constitutes Center street; through the towns 
of New Castle and Fountain Spring and the 
borough of Ashland, on the line between 
Columbia and Schuylkill. 

This road w^s an cxtoision of the turnpike 
between Philadelphia and Reading, and con- 
stituted a portion of the great thoroughfare 
between Philadelphia and Sunbury. 

F"rom the time of its construction to the es- 
tablishment of navigation along the Schuylkill 
this road was the thoroughfare over which all 
the commerce between Sunbury and its vicin- 
ity and Philadelphia was carried. 

Two noted taverns on this road were those 
of Nicho Allen, on Broad Mountain, and John 
Boyer, on Mine Hill, where the main business 
was the sale of liquor. 

A portion of this old road in Schuylkill 
county is still kept up as a turnpike. 

KtiHroiuls, — The first railroad in the State 
of Pennsylvania was the one built by Abraham 
Pott, in Schuylkill county, in 1826. This 
road was a half-mile in length and ran from 
Mr. Pott's coal mine to the mouth of Mill 

It was equipped with wooden rails, and it-> 
cars of one and a half tons coal capacity were 
drawn by horses, a horse being able to draw 
thirteen cars. 

R. A. Wilder, who served for many years 
as chief engineer and superintendent of the 
Mine Hill Railroad, thus describes the railroads 
of the county in 1.X81 : 

" The railroad systen) ot .Schuylkill county 



embraces a network of roads more extensive 
and intricate than that of any other region of 
equal extent in the country. These roads 
ramify in all parts of the county where coal 
is mined, follow the windings of the streams 
through the many valleys and ravines, climb 
the mountains, over plains or by winding 
along their sides, or pass under them through 
tunnels. They enter the mines, to all parts 
of which they extend ; and it is a well 
known fact that a greater number of miles 
of railroad run beneath the surface than 
above it in this county. Like the ramifica- 
tions of the vascular system of an animal, 
these branches unite in a few main lines, which 
carry to the different markets the immense 
amounts of coal that are brought to them 
from the mines to which the branches extend. 
" What are known as the lateral railroads of 
Schuylkill county were first constructed to 
accommodate the Schuylkill canal with a coal 
tonnage from the district south of the Mine 
hill and east of the west branch, covering an 
area of between sixty and seventy square 
miles. Previous to the construction of the 
laterals, the coal openings had been made in 
the immediate vicinity of the canal ; no one 
was more than half a mile distant, and the 
tracks running to the loading, place were no 
more than extensions of the mine roads a short 
distance beyond the mouths of the drifts. 
The mine tracks were very primitive. They 
consisted of notched cross ties (sleepers) on 
which a wooden rail, three by four or four 
by six inches, was laid and fastened by 
wooden keys driven in by the side of the rail 
The gauge of the track was made to suit the 
fancy of the owner; but the average was forty 
inches. The mine cars held about a ton of 
coal and slate, and the wheels were loose upon 
the axle, like those of a wagon. There was 

usually a platform upon which the coal was 
dumped for the purpose of separating the 
impurities before loading, as breakers had not 
then been introduced." 

The early lateral roads were : Mine Hill, 
commenced in 1828; Mill Creek, 1829; 
Schuylkill Valley, 1829; Norwegian and Mt. 
Carbon, 1830, and the Little Schuylkill. 

We give the following list of railroads of 
Schuylkill county in the order in which they 
were chartered and the years, so far as could 
be obtained, in which they were opened: 

Union Canal, 1826, about 1830 to junction; 
Little Schuylkill, 1828, 1832; Mine Hill and 
Schuylkill Haven, 1828, 1831 ; Schuylkill 
Valley, 1828, first part of railroad, 1830; 
Mill Creek, 1828, partly opened 1829; Mount 
Carbon, 1829, 1848; Catawissa, 1831, 1854; 
Swatara, 1831, about 1840; Philadelphia and 
Reading, 1838, 1842; Mt. Carbon and Port 
Carbon, 1842, 1844; Schuylkill and Susque- 
hanna, 1844, 1855 ; East Mahanoy, 1854, 
1863; Lehigh and Mahanoy, 1857, 1865; 
Mahanoy and Broad Mountain, 1859, i860; 
Nesquehoning Valley, 1861,1864; Mountain 
Link, 1859, 1864; The Peoples', 1865, 1872. 
Girard Railroad to develop Girard coal lands 
never fully opened and long since abandoned. 
It consisted of several inclined planes and 
intervening levels. It was laid out from the 
Schuylkill to the Susquehanna, and the east- 
ern end constructed, but not much used, as the 
whole scheme was an error in transportation. 

During the past twelve years several impor- 
tant railroad facilities have been added to the 
previous liberal distribution of tracks to all 
parts of the county of Schuylkill. 

There is probably no area in the United 
States of equal extent containing so many 
miles of railroad as are in operation here ; and 
in no other territory is such a vast tonnage 



collected for the trunk lines leading to the 
great commercial marts. 

Among the most important railroads re- 
cently constructed in Schuylkill county are 
the Pennsylvania, Schuylkill Valley Railroad, 
and the Schuylkill and Lehigh Valley Rail- 
road. The former was built and is operated 
by the Pennsylvania Railroad Co., and the 
latter by the Lehigh Valley Railroad Co. 

The first named follows the general course 
of the Schuylkill Valley from Philadelphia to 
Pottsville, and thence pushes northward across 
the Broad mountain into the middle coal field 
in the vicinity of Shenandoah, where it makes 
connections with other railroads. It also joins 
the Lehigh and Mahanoy division of the 
Lehigh Valley Railroad near Delano, and 
thence to the upper Lehigh region, and into 
the Susquehanna Valley. This line was 
opened to traffic about 1886 or 1887. A 
branch road extends from Pottsville via Fish- 
back to Minersville and new coal operations 
of the Lytle Coal Co., west of Minersville. 

The Schuylkill and Lehigh Valley Railroad 
extends from the Lehigh Valley Railroad at 
Lizard Creek Junction to Blackwood Col- 
lieries, near Tremont, a distance of forty miles 
from the Lehigh river, and was opened to 
traffic in 1890. There is a branch road from 
West Wood junction connecting with the 
Peoples' Railway, and by it entering the 
borough of Minersville, and also extending 
to the York Farm Collierie.s near Pottsville. 
This road connects with the P. & S. V. R. R. 
at Schuylkill Haven, and enters Pottsville 
over that line under a contract. 

These railroads are constructed in the most 
substantial manner, and may, in the near 
future, become parts of trunk roads to the 
north and south in accordance with projected 
lines and surveys. 

A branch of the Lehigh and Mahanoy Rail- 
road has been extended to the New Boston 
Collieries on the Broad mountain, which also 
connects with the northern division of the 
P. & S. V. R. R., by which the Lehigh Valley 
Railroad trains enter Pottsville from the north 
under contract. 

The Electric Railway System is beginning 
to furnish means for inter-communication be- 
tween the towns of Schuylkill county, which 
will add greatly to their convenience of access. 

The lines already constructed and in opera- 
tion are the Schuylkill Electric Railway, ex- 
tending from Vorkville through Pottsville and 
Palo Alto to Port Carbon,with branches to Fisli- 
back and the Upper Tumbling Run lake, and 
the Schuylkill Traction Railway, located in 
the Mahanoy \'all(.y, and furnishing facilities 
of travel to the many flourishing mining towns 
and coal operations built up in that important 
part of the anthracite coal field. Both of these 
roads are operated by the trolley system, and 
appear to possess value as an invLstnicnt, 
which will be greatly increased with growing 
economics in the power department. The 
wasted energy of fuel is a terrible drain upon 
the commercial application of steam, whether 
applied direct to the movement of machinery 
and trains, or through the medium of the gen- 
erated electric current. 

Sc/h'o/s. — The history of the common schools 
up to 1876 is condensed from a report made 
in 1877 by Jesse Newlin, county superinten- 
dent in the last named year. 

For a long time after the first settlements 
were made in the southern or agricultural 
portion of the county no schools were est.ib- 
lished, and only the children of a portion of 
the scattered settlers received instruction in 
the primarj- branches from their parents. In 
their joutli these people had been instructed 



by their parents and clergymen in their native 
country, and they did not -deem an education 
necessary, beyond the ability to read the 
Bible and catechism, and keep their accounts. 
They believed an education, beyond the rudi- 
mentary one which they had received, inclined 
its possessor to indolence and vice. It was 
not till the commencement of the present 
century that they began to gather their chil- 
dren in schools — at first in private rooms and 
afterwards, when settlers had multiplied suffi- 
ciently, in rude log school-houses. These 
were built by voluntary contributions of 
materials and labor. In these instruction 
was given in reading, writing, the rudiments 
of arithmetic, sacred music, the catechism, etc., 
and the pastor was usually the teacher. This 
curriculum of instruction continued in general 
use up to the time of the acceptance of the 
common school system, or more than half a 
century, in the townships of Brunswick and 
West Penn, which were the first to establish 
these primitive, schools and the last to accept 
the common school system. 

In all the agricultural districts, which are 
situated between Second mountain and the 
Blue hills, the German settlers entertained the 
same views concerning the utility of education 
and the amount necessary to enable people 
to accumulate property and learn the simple 
tenets of their religious faith. 

The only higher institution of learning in 
the county was the Orwigsburg Academy. 
The academy was succeeded in 1824 by the 
Arcadian Institute, which was established in 
the old court-house by Professor W. J. Burn- 
side. He was succeeded by Elias Schneider, 
A. M., and he by Rev. Mr. Fries. The insti- 
tute went down in 1864. 

Although many of the German districts in 
this county were slow to adopt the school 

system of 1834, to Schuylkill belongs the 
honor of first moving in the direction of free 
education. Mr. William Audenreid, who re- 
presented Schuylkill and Berks counties in 
the Senate in 1825, was the first to propose 
and earnestly advocate the establishment of 
the fund which has since become the founda- 
tion of the present school system. He was 
the leading advocate of English schools in his 
town (McKeansburg). 

At a meeting of county commissioners and 
delegates from the district in the county at 
Orwigsburg in 1834, the provisions of the 
school law, owing to the prejudices of the 
German population, then constituting four- 
fifths of the inhabitants of the county, were 
accepted by only four districts in the county. 
These were Orwigsburg, Pottsville, Norwegian 
and Schuylkill; and of these Schuylkill re- 
fused to elect directors favorable to the enforce- 
ment of the law. Politicians were, of course, 
found to espouse the cause of ignorance as long 
as it remained popular. 

In Orwigsburg the free school system was 
almost unanimously adopted, and since 1865 
graded schools have been maintained. In 
1829 Abraham Pott, of Port Carbon, built at 
his own expense the first and only school- 
house in the town prior to the acceptance of 
the new school system, of which he was one 
of the most prominent champions. Norwe- 
gian and the townships that have been formed 
wholly or in part from it have always availed 
themselves of the full benefit? of the school 
system and amply remunerated their teachers. 
In 1834 Tamaqua belonged to Schuylkill 
township, which then included the districts of 
Blythe and Mahanoy, and parts of Butler, 
New Castle and East Norwegian. In Tamaqua 
the friends of the new system prevailed ; and 
in the vote on its adoption in 1835 they out- 



witted and defeated the dull opponents of 
educational progress, who preponderated in | 
the rural part of the township, by reserving a | 
body of voters till near the closing of the 
polls, when the other party were leading and 
had concluded they need not exert themselves. 
Tamaqua then elected directors who at once 
put the system into operation. Among the 
first directors we find such men as the Hon. 
Benjamin Heilner, Doctor D. Hunter, A. H. 
Deuel, and others of like intelligence. The 
latter was secretary of the first board. Judge 
Heilner and Doctor Hunter served in the 
Tamaqua school board over thirty years. In 
Schuylkill township there were two pay 
schools, in log houses, where children were 
taught at fifty cents per month till 1837. 
The P'rce .School system in 1838 was adopted 
in Manheim. Out of this, which in 1838 had 
eight schools, five districts have been formed, 
with thirty-nine schools. Pine Grove unani- 
mously rejected the system in 1834. Pine 
Grove village organized an independent district 
in the spring of 1835; north Pine Grove in 
1843, and west Pine Grove in 1845. TheiL- 
mainder of the township was without public 
schools till 1847. 

In Rush, which included what are now 
Rush, Rahn, Ryan and Klein townships, a 
school was opened in 18 10, through the in- 
^llulnentality of John Faust, who became a 
rcMtknt of the township in 1806. It was 
taugiit by Francis Keenly in an unoccupied 
log house. Mr. Faust's son, Jacob, subse- 
quentl)- built and furnished three houses for 
school purposes at his own e.x:pense; and 
when the school s) stem was introduced built 
a school-house and presented it and the lot to 
the township. These houses, and a school 
kept in an old saw-mill, were the school 
facilities of Rush till 1851, when the court, on 

petition of Mr. Faust and a few others, ordered 
the common school put into operation. Jacob 
Faust procured the use of the English lan- 
guage in the schools. From four schools in 
185 1 the number in all the districts has grown 
to twenty-six. 

In Brunswig the first school in the county 
was established about the year 1777,31 the 
" red church," followed by others at McKeans- 
burg. New Ringgold, and one near what is 
now Moser's hotel. In 1838 the friends >>f 
the free schools here beat their opponents 
through tile latter voting for " common " 
schools under the impression that the)- were 
the existing schools, whereas, they were the 
very thing the obstructionists thought they 
were voting against. In iS.)c^, when two more 
independent districts — .South Brun.swig and 
Center— were formed a school was openeti in 
each. These were soon followed by other 
sections forming themselves into independent 
school districts as s.ion as a majority f.ivoreii 
the system West Brunswig was the last to 
yield to the system, and only acquiesced when 
compelled by the order of the court. I . i^t and 
West Brunswig townships now include fifteen 
school districts, with twenty-six schools, super- 
vised by ninety directors. Ten of these districts 
have but one school. The annual school term 
has never exceeded five months. In Upper 
and Lower Mahantango the common schools 
were not accepted till 1850, when Eldred 
township and what is now Lower Mahantango 
made the advance movement. These were 
followed by others, until 1868, when what was 
left of Upper Mahantango brought up the rear 
{ through a peremptory' mandate from the 
court. The original territory now embraces 
! the school districts of Barry, ]:klre'l. Porter, 
' Hubley, Hegins, Kcsslcr, and Upper and 
\ Lower Mahantangos. They had thirty-ei^'lu 



schools, with an annual term of five months. 
West Penn was forced into accepting the 
common schools in 1868 by the court appoint- 
ing Peter Seiberling, Reuben F. Lerby, John 
S. Longacre, Ludwig Berner, Thomas Zim- 
merman and William Backert school directors. 
They at once organized the board, located and 
built fifteen school-houses, and opened the 
schools for four months. Some of these were 
men of business, and suffered very materially 
for a few years by the withdrawal of much of 
the patronage of the opponents, who outnum- 
bered the school men three to one. The oppo- 
sition has almost entirely disappeared. Pre- 
vious to the formation of Butler, in 1848, there 
had been one " pay school " in the territory 
which it includes. Miss Mary Savage was the 
teacher, and the school was supported by A. 
H. Wilson, Samuel Boone, Peter Seitzinger, 
and R. C. Wilson. In 1877 Butler had forty- 
eight schools, with a term of nine months. 
Barry accepted the school system in 1852, 
Wayne in 1841. In this township Christian 
Meyer taught during forty-one years from 
1829. In Union township the Germans suc- 
ceeded in defeating the adoption of the free 
school system until 1858, when the court 
appointed six directors. But these men, after 
laying a school tax and locating school- 
houses, were forced to retreat. 

"In July, 1859, the court appointed six 
others, who fought the cause with a determi- 
nation equaled only by that of the opposition. 
They levied the tax and appointed the col- 
lector, who, being a man of unshakened cour- 
a'ge and endurance, accomplished his part of 
the work under the most trying circumstances. 
He says : ' Many guns were leveled at me, and 
threats were made. At one house I was badly 
scalded by a woman throwing boihng water 
over me ; at another a woman struck me on 

the back of the head with a heavy iron poker ; 
and at another I was knocked down with a 
stone and assaulted with pitchforks and clubs, 
but succeeded in getting away with three 
cows. Many wealthy farmers did not pay 
their tax till after I had taken some of their 
stock, advertised it for sale, and they had con- 
sulted their attorneys.' " In Mahanoy town- 
ship twenty years ago there was not a single 
school of any kind. In 1858 it commenced 
with three free schools ; to-day it has within 
its original limits ninety-four public schools — 
more than- in any one of the counties of Mon- 
tour, Union, Sullivan, Pike, Fulton, Forest 
Elk and Cameron. These schools are nearly 
all graded; have an annual school term of 
nine months, and paid in 1876, for teaching 
alone, ^34,155.88. It has two public high 
schools. It has also a number of excellent 
grammar schools. 

The first teachers' institute in the county 
was held at Pottsville in 185 1, under the in- 
struction of P. G. Angele, A. M., D. G. Rush, 
N. Olmstead, B. Bannan, A. K. Brown, A. H. 
Ludlow, and S. E. Carr. Fifty-seven were in 
attendance at this session ; among whom 
were many who have subsequently attained 
high rank as teachers, or in other walks in 
life. Semi-annual institutes were held till 
1859; then they were held annually till 1875, 
in which year the institute numbered four 
hundred and forty-eight teachers. 

A teacher's association was organized in 
1863, and existed until 1867. Public libraries 
are connected with several of the schools, and 
literary and debating societies organized in 
many of the townships have done good work 
in the educational field. Many of the schools 
of the county are graded. Orwigsburg 
academy was incorporated March 29, 1813, 
and continued in operation as late as 1853. 



Churches. — Within the present century the 
few early log churches have been succeeded 
successively by plain frame and brick houses, ' 
and they in turn by the many handsome I 
church edifices now to be found in every part ! 
of the county. 

We compile, from the United States census 
reports, the following table of the number of 
churches in the county from 1850 to 1870: 




German Reformed . . 





Moravian . . . 
Union .... 



Swedenborgian . 
Evangelical Association . 
Minor sects 













1 1 













87 146 131 

Medical. — On February 22, 1845, an Allo- 
pathic medical society was formed at Potts- 
ville by Drs. George Halberstadt, J. S. 
Carpenter, Thomas Brady, G. H. Knobel, 
William House], Enos Chichester, J. G. 
Koehler, Samuel Shannon, G. W. Brown, S. 
M. Zulich, and R. H. Phillips. This society 
has been very acti\-c ever since its organiza- 
tion, and took a prominent part in the organi- 
zation of the State Medical Society in 1848. 

From June 25, 1881, to August 7, 1893, 
the following physicians have registered in 

the prothonotary's office, 
opposite their names: 


1 88 1. W. H. Robinson, 
H. C. Parry, . 

A. P. Carr, . . 
D. W. Bland, . 
J. M. Gwyner, 
Mary A. Swayze, 

B. C. Guldin. 
And. Bush, . 
J. C. Biddle, . 
R. S. Chrisman, 
D. S. Moyer, . 
John McCrystle, 
J. G. Drciicr, . 
D. J. Langton, 
G. K. Binkley, 
T. A. Helwig. 
A. B. Sherman, 
S. J. Seyfert. 
G. M. Miller, 
Thos. Maguire, 
R. T. Weaver, 
J. C. Bechtci, . 
A. M. Stapp, . 
\\. F. Kistler. 
J. S. Kistler, 
T. \\ . Swalm, . 
H. A. Klock, . 
\V. R. Owen, . 
Z. P. Boyer, Jr., 
A. P. Bissell, 
F. W. Boyer, . 

C. B. Dreher, 

D. J. Marshall, 
S. H. Brady, 
J. P. Callen, 
C. T. Palmer, 
H. G.Wie^t, 
Geo. \ . Lehr, 

from the places set 

. Pottsville. 
. Pottsville. 
. St. Clair. 


SL Clair. 
. Pottsville. 

. Ashland. 

. Pottsville. 



Pine Grove. 




. Pine Grove. 

Mahanoy Citj-. 



Summit Station. 



. Pottsville. 

Mahanoy City. 



Mahanoy City. 
. Pottsville. 



Lost Creek. 
. Shenandoah. 

Schuylkill H :i\cci 








1 88 1. EmR C. Luke, . . 


1 88 1. Lebo Williams, . 

. Valley View. 

L. M. Thompson, . 

Mahanoy City. 

Geo. W. Brown, . 

. Port Carbon. 

T.J. Birch 

Port Carbon. 

D. W. Williams, . 

. Shenandoah. 

P. J. Keiser, . . . 


A. L. Flexer, . . 

. Tamanend. 

David Taggart, . . 


R. B. Wilson, . . 

. Tower City. 

W. A. Hawk, . . . 


E. L. Yeager, . . 


Constantine Ruttger, 

H. D. Rentschler, 

. RingtOwn, 

Thomas Lewis, . . 

Mahanoy City. 

J. P. Palm, . . . 

. Schuylkill Haven 

J. G. Raessler, . . 

Hegins twp. 

J. C. McWilliams, 

. New Castle. 

W. J. Hain, . . . 


C. W. Bankes, . 

. Middleport. 

J. H. B. Amick, . . 

Schuylkill Haven 

Wale Windsor, . 

. Pottsville. 

G. H. Halberstadt, . 


D. McDonald, . 

. Mahanoy City. 

J. W. Brown, . . . 

Tower City. 

W. T. Beach, . . 

. Minersville. 

H. Y. Hartman, . . 


J. B. Nice, . . . 

. Frackville. 

H. C. Fegley, . . . 


M. R. Karteman, 

. Hegins township. 

Daniel Dechert, . . 


J. K. Kistler, . . 

. West Penn. 

Phaon Hermany, . . 

Mahanoy City. 

C. K. Herb, . . 

A. H. Halberstadt, . 


W. R. Hoch, . . 

. Pottsville. 

D. L. Schultz, . . . 


S. A. Gibson, . . 


0. P. Piper, . . . 

Schuylkill Haven 

W. G. Knittle, . 

. Tremont. 

G. F. Brendle, . . 

Mahanoy City. 

G. W. Ebrite,. . 

. Ashland. 

D. J. McKibbin, . . 


C. H. Haeseler, . 


R. N. Ramsay, . . 

Mahanoy City. 

L. J. Enders, . . 


S. C. Spalding, . . 


J. Frick, . . . 

Mahanoy City. 

J. B. Davis, . . . 


- B. P. Backus, . . 


J. T. Carpenter, . . 


H. B. Karterman, . 


Irving D. Willrout, . 

Schuylkill Haven 

J. Baur, .... 


E. S. Solliday, . . 


William Bailey, . 

St. Clair. 

E. F. Phillips, . . 

Tower City. 

J. Donaghue, . . 


0. S. Saylor, . . . 


L. A. Snyder, 


Samuel Collins, . . 


J. E. Dunlap, . . . 

St. Clair. 

D. W. Straub, . . 


J. C. F. Schirner, . 


Chas. E. Quail, . . 


J. K. Bowers, 


Samuel E. Fetzer, . 

Mahanoy Plane. 

1882. Mrs. Catherine Sheeder, Minersville. 

L J. Bevan, .... 

Mahanoy City. 

J. E. Shadel, . . 


Jas. Donaghue, . . 


C. Lenker, . . 

Schuylkill Haven 

Philip Weber, . 

Mahanoy City. 

E. W. Farrow, . . 


Isaac J. Kistler, . . 

West Penn. 

J. C. G. Swaving, . 


B. F. Salladay, . . 

New Ringgold. 

T. J. Ritter, ... . 

Mahanoy City. 

T. K. Halbauer, . . 

St. Clair. 

J. A. Beatty, . . . 





1882. E. N. Harpel, . 

A. R. McDonell, 
J. E. Bellville, 
Thos. Corany, 
J. S. Carpenter, 
J. V. Albert, . 
Jnd. WaLsh, 
Prof. H. P. Loman 
J. H. Kaufifman, 
James Crage, . 
W. C. J. Smith, 

B. H. Davis, . 

1883. J. W. Bird. . 
J. A. S. Moffet, 
G. W. Seip, . 
W. H. Matten, 

F. U. Johnson, 
R. R. Breisch, 
W. M. Snyder, 
R. Blakslee, . 
T. H. Wetzel, 

B. L. Fetherolf, 
W. H. Carr, . 
H. T. Nathorst, 
Irvin Scitz, 

1884. H. G. Nice, . 
Luke Walsh, 

G. W. Ressler, 
J. I. Hoverder, 

C. D. Miller, . 
S. M. Fetzer, . 
E. A. Sherman, 
J. C. Gray. 
J. W. Coble. . 
George Little, 
M. P. O'Brien, 
W. L. C. Forrester, 
A. S. Cunimings. 

J. L. Bauer, . . 

1885. C. W. Evans, 

Schuylkill county 
Pine Grove. 
Cole Dale, 
Schuylkill county 
St. Clair. 
Mahanoy City. 


Mahanoy City. 


Port Clinton. 



Pine Grove. 
Plymouth. Luzerne Co. 

D.D.S., Tamaqua. 

St. Clair. 


Port Clinton. 




Mahanoy City. 








Mahanoy Plane. 




1885. E. J. Schlicher, . 
J. L. Sheafer, 
J. H. Van MeUreid 
C. A. Bleiler, . 
J. L. S. Moyer, 
E. K. Steckel, . 

C. M. Rickert, 
P. N K. Schwenk 
A. L. Boughner, 
Hermany Robenan 
G. W. Drcher, 

1886. G. W. Eiskaup, 
J. H. Sandcll. . 
S. G. Menglc, . 
-S. Bevins, . . 
Louis Weber, , 
H. .\. Robbins, 

1887. W. W. Deyson, 

D. W. Dundcr, 
luiima Roxberry, 
Jacob Roads, . 
J. G. Wei St,. . 
W. .S. Rink,. . 

F. H. Coyle, . 
H. K. Merkci, . 

G. B. Beach, . 
J. C. Cooper. . 
A.S. N.Lowen, D 
C. R. Miller, . 
L. W. Moyer, . 
W. H. Heiscr, . 
H. M. Schall, . 
J. E. Miller, . 
J. S. Mengle, . 
J. D. Graven, . 
James Stine, . 
J. W. McCawley 
T. A. Grigg, . 

Walker Twp. 
Tower City. 


Port Clinton. 

Mahanoy City. 




Mahanoy ("it>'. 


St. Clair. 
New Philadelphia. 



D. S.. Tamaqua. 






Port Clinton. 
Sternsville, Lehigh Co. 




Mary E. Fetherolf. D. D., Tamaqua. 
John V.'^c, .... Kculing. 




1887. F.B.Nice, . . . 
H. R. Bricker, . 
W. F. Klein, . . 
J. M. Walborn, . 
S. G. F. Moyer, . 
H. S. Booker, . 

1888. P. O. Bleiler, . . 
A. L. Gillars, . . 
A. F. Bronson, . 
L. W. Prevost, 
M. C. Ryan, . . 
J. L. Hoffman, 

C. D. Carr, . . 
A. A. Bancroft, . 
G. F. Mattens, . 
C. C. Hagenbuch, 
W. H. Lewis, . . 
N. L. Price, 

C. W. Fisher, . 
August Super, . 
W. A. L. Riegel, 
W. W. Stranger, 

1889. W. T. Hamilton, 
Jno. Kauffman, , 

D. C. T. Watkins, 
J. D. Moyer, . . 
A. A. Seibert, . 

Mahanoy City. 
Berks Co. 


Silver Brook. 







St. Clair. 



Mahanoy City. 

Mt. Carmel. 

Port Carbon. 







Mahanoy City. 



A. B. Kurteman, Upper Mahantongo.Tp. 
F. H. Brobst, . . . Newtown. 

W. D. Kartman, Upper Mahantongo, Tp. 

B. H. Nice, . . . Hamberg. 

D. D. Davis, . . . Gordon. 

E. E. Bashore, . Pine Grove. 
I. C. Bruce, . . . Shenandoah. 
H. B. Hollifield, Shenandoah. 
H. B. Hollifield,. . Shenandoah. 
Peter Jasinski, . . Shenandoah. 
W. E. Schlemm, . Reading. 

M. F. McTaggert, . Shenandoah. 

W. E. Reifsnyder, . Reading. 

Name. Residence. 

1889. Randall Hutchinson, Silver Brook. 
C. A. Detweiler, Schuylkill Haven 
J. M. Peebles, 

Frank Womer, 
C. H. Brobst, . 
S. B. Swavely, 
C. J. Hoffman, 

1890. G. R Shenk, . 
J. G. Kistler, . 
T. F. Heebner, 
J. D. Kiefer, . 
N. B. Robins, 
E. L. Straub, 
J. A. Jones, 

H. C. Bowman, 
M. J. Flanagan, 
A. H. Howard, 
W. S. Jenkins, 
I. D. Moser, . 
C. M. Bordner, 
Pearson Serrill, 
Jno. Ott, . . 
H. C. Fuller, . 

1 891. R. I. Hines, . 
R. H. Hess, . . 
Chas. H. Philips, 
W. A. Lomison, 
G. M. Hamilton; 
J. A. Gantz, . 

J. R. Bissell, . . 
L. C. Robinhold, 
Jacob Behler, 
C. R. Shoemaker, 
E. B. Wenner, 
T. D. Williams, 
A. M. Sittler, 
M. Z. Albro, '. 
I. J. E. Shapira, . 

1892. Chas. F. Ruch, . 
J. G. Schaller, 

Hammontown, N. J. 
Macungie, Pa. 
. Pottstown. . 
. Morea. 

. Leibysville. 
. Port Carbon. 
. Frackville. 
. Minersville. 
. Minersville. 
. Mahanoy City. 
. Schuylkill Haven 
. Ashland. 
. Millersville. 
. Nelson City. 
. Frackville. 
. Shenandoah. 

. Patterson. 
. Mahanoy City. 

. Tremont. 
. Shenandoah. 
. Donaldson. 
. Shenandoah. 
Mahanoy City. 
Port Clinton. 
. Keptners. 
. Shenandoah. 

Jersey City. 


Silver Brook. 








1892. S. E. Wertman, . Mahanoy City. 
M. S. Kistler, . Shenandoah. 
H. N. Sherman, Mahanoy City. 

A. P. Seligman, . Mahanoy Cily. 

B. C. Maud Coble, . Tamaqua. 
W. O. Smith, . . . PottsviUe. 
E. E. M. Hoffman, Begins. 
Foster K. Quail, Auburn. 

P. H, O'Hara, . Shenandoah. 

Reuben Hochlerner, Shenandoah. 
John Szlupas, . . Shenandoah. 
J. A. Harrison, . . Mahanoy City. 
J. H. Moore, . . . Pittston. 

C. B. McClure, . . Hcck.scherville. 

1893. Robert M. Kennedy, Pottsvillc. 

W. F. Christ, . . . New Ringgold. 
H. H. Wilford, . . Tamaqua. 
Edward C. Drchcr, Tamaqua. 
A. N. Mchrenlcnder, Shenandoah. 
H. G. Crease, . . . Silver Hrook. 
Thos. D. Casey, . . Ashland. 
Mary Cope Cuinniing, Pottsvillc. 
Geo. II. Moore, . . Tremont. 
Isaac I. Kalbach, Hamburg, Berks C( 

Harry E. Dunlop, 
R. J. Ritz, . . . 
J. II. Enterline, . 
W. C. Sittlcr, . . 
J. Harry Swavint;, 
W. A. Kutcr, 
W. J. Summowicz, 

Mahanoy Plane. 
New Mahanoy. 
Mahanoy City. 

DiHtists. — From 1883 to 1893, the follow- 
ing thirty-two dentists registered: 

G. M. Miller, 
P. N. Barker, 
P. K. Filbert, 
S. B. Dctwcilcr. 
J. II. Johnson, 
VV. I". Faust, 

J. C. Frceston, 
F I\I. Poulson, 
II. T. Nahorst, 
H. J. Ilerbein, 
J. V Cline, 


Earle Salada, 
S. L Starr, 
C. S. W. Schomo, 
G. C. Hertz, 
E. A. Livering, 
C. L. Irwin, 
J. D. Lowery, 
K. P. Hill, 
AH. Thomas, 
C. F. Havice, 

Veterinary Surgeons. 
the following twcnty- 
gcons rc-r^istired at the 

J. \V. Salada, 
U. S. Fridircci, 
A. E. Schwindt, 
MiJi.icI Haley. 
J. .S. Hcim. 
Lewis Drcisboch, 
F \. MLCarthy, 
Henry Pirman, 
Edw.ird Hciscr, 
Daniel Ohc, 
\V. D. Schulcr, 
I). J. Frenk, 
R. C. Sleath, 
E. D. Longacre, 

\V. H. Hertz, 
H. E. Esterbrook. 
C. G. Home, • 
F. R. Jones, 
F. L. Degorn, 
J. W. Erwin, 
Frank VVomer, 
W. E. G rover, 
J. J. McKinstry, 
W. E. Prather. 

— From iSSqIo 1S9;, 
seven veterinary sur- 
court-house : 

William .Artliur, 
Nelson Knapp, 
William Lj-iiaj^h, 
Daniel Ycick, 
l^risc Wclbiirn, 
Jiilin Collins, 
J. lines Brennan, 
I. \.. Bond, 
J. B. Gise, 
Peter Haley, 
B. E. Britton, 
John Jones, 
I".. I- Kuder. 

J. V Uuie, f . — 
II. D. Matten, 1 M/a.*^ - 

Political. — The true strength of political 
parties in any county is best given in the pop- 
ular presidential votes cast in the same, and 
we present in the following table the vote for 
President at each Presidential election since 
1S24, when the people commenced voting for 
their chief magistrate, except 1828, which 
could not be obtained at this writing : 

Rep. Andrew Jackson, 319 

^al'n. John Adams, 34 

William H. Crawford, 131 

I lenry Clay, ^9 












p. ) ^ 

> Opposition, 
s. J 

Dem. Andrew Jackson, 
Nat. Rep. 
Dem. Martin Van Buren, 
Whig. William H. Harrison, 
Dem. Martin Van Buren, 
Whig. William H. Harrison, 
Dem. James K. Polk, 
Whig. Henry Clay, 
Lib'ty. James G. Birney, 
Whig. Zachary Taylor, 
Dem. Lewis Cass, 
F. Soil. Martin Van Buren, 
Dem. Franklin Pierce, 
Whig. Winfield Scott, 
F. Dem. John P. Hale, 
Dem. James Buchanan, 
Rep. John C. Fremont, 
Amer. Millard Fillmore, 
Rep. Abraham Lincoln, 
Dem. John C. Breckenridge, 
L Dem. Stephen A. Douglas, 
Cons't. Union. John C. Bell, 
































Geo. B. McClellan (home), 9245 
Geo. B. McClellan (army), 295 
Abraham Lincoln (home), 7166 
Abraham Lincoln (army), 685 

Horatio Seymour, 9428 

Ulysses S. Grant, 8707 

Ulysses S. Grant, 86.57 

and L. Horace Greeley, 6983 

Samuel J. Tilden, 10,457 

Rutherford B. Hayes, 8677 

Peter Cooper, 1240 

Smith, 8 

Winfield Scott Hancock, 11,508 

James A. Garfield, 9337 

James B. Weaver, 2489 

James G. Blaine, 11,272 

Grover Cleveland, 11,200 

Benjamin F. Butler, 1426 

1884 Pro. John P. St. John, 149 

1888 Dem. Grover Cleveland, I3i054 

Rep. Benjamin Harrison, 12,522 

Pro. Clinton B. Fisk, 2 1 1 

G'b'k. Alson J. Streeter, 193 

1892 Dem. Grover Cleveland, 13,677 

Rep. Benjamin Harrison, 11,426 

Pro. Bidwell, 290 

Peo. James B. Weaver, 23 

Soc.-Lab. Wing, 8 

Postal. — The present Postal System has 
grown from small beginnings, and on January 
II, 1825, the Pottsville post office was estab- 
lished with Thomas Sillyman as postmaster. 
Since then offices have multiplied until there 
are now postoffices in the county as follows : 









Branch Dale, 


Broad Mountain, 

Buck Mountain, 





De Turksville 








Mahanoy Plane, 





Morea Colliery, 


New Boston, 

New Ringgold, 

North Penn, 





Park Place, 


Pine Grove, 


Port Carbon, 

Port Clinton, 

Pottsville (c. h.), 



Raven Run, 





Girard Manor, 


Glen Carbon, 

Good Spring, 


















Locust Dale, 


Lost Creek, 



Mahanoy City, 



Rough and Ready, 
Saint Clair, 
Saint Nicholas, 
Schuylkill Haven, 

. Silver Brook, 
Silver Creek, 
Summit Station, 
Tower City, 
Valley View 


Sen;/ Societies. — All the leading secret 
societies are represented in Schuylkill county. 
The Patriotic Order, Sons of America, has the 
largest number of organizations and the great- 
est numerical strength, having fifty-seven 
camps, and a membership of 6,302 in 1892. 

Free .Udsoiiry. — We give the numbers, 
names and locations of the institution of the 
Masonic Lodges in the county in 1893 : 






Pine Grove 

Mountain City 
3 1 Evan hoe 

39 Prince of Peace 

41 Con.stantine 


Schuylkill Haven 
Saint Clair 
Pine Grove 






Mahanoy City 




Patriotic Order, Sons of America. — We give 
the districts, numbers, location and member- 
ship of the camps in 1892: 

Location. Memltcm. 

Mantzville 96 

Tamaqua 162 

Delano 177 

New Ringgold i v^ 

North Penn 44 

Lofty ^o 

Snydersville -tS 

Tamaqua 293 

Quakake 74 

Silver Brook ./' 

Andreas 46 







































St. Clair 

Port Carbon 
Middleport . . 
St. Clair ... 
Morea . . . 

Total . . 


Auburn .... 
Schuylkill Haven 
Port Clinton . . . 
Pine Grove 
Cressona . . 
West Pine Grove 
Landingville . . . 
Friedensburg . . 
Summit Station 





Minersville ' 








Mahanoy City . . . . 


Mahanoy City 

Shenandoah . . . . . 




















1 6s 














SCHUYLKILL, DISTRICT NO. 5 — contimied. 

Location. Members. 

William Penn 
Ringtown . 
Gilberton . . 
Mahanoy City 



Valley View 
Hegins . 
Pitman . 
Hepler . . 

Total . 



Gordon . . 
Lavelle . . 
Fountain Springs 
Locust Dale . . 














Borough History. — The twenty-seven bor- 
oughs of the county are : 

Ashland, Auburn, Cressona, Frackville, 
Gilberton, Girardville, LanSingville, Mahanoy 
City, Middleport, Minersville, Mt. Carbon, 
New Philadelphia, New Ringgold, Orwigs- 
burg, Palo Alto, Pine Grove, Port Carbon, 
Port Clinton, Pottsville, St. Clair, Gordon, 
Schuylkill Haven, Shenandoah, Tamaqua, 
Tremont, Yorkville and Tower City. > 

The Press. — In the following table are given 
the names, location and politics of the 26 


papers published in Schuylkill County, 


Aovocate, . . 

. Ashland, . . 

. Dem. 

Evening Telegram, " . . 





Record . . . 



Item, . . 



Gazette, . . 

Girardville, . 


Record, . 

Mahanoy City, 


Tribune, . . . 


. Rep. 

Free Press, . 

Minersville, . 

. Dem. 




Herald, . . . 

Pine Grove, . 


Amerikanischer Republikaner 

(German) . . 

. Pottsville, . 


Evening Chronicle, " . . 

. Dem. 

Jefferson Demokrat, 

(German) . . 



Miners' Journal, 






Saturday Night R 

eview, " 

. . Ind. 

Schuylkill Republican, " 

. . Rep. 

Standard, . . 




Schuylkill Haven, Rep. 

Herald, . . 


. . Rep. 

Sunday News, 


Ind. Dem. 

Courier, . . 



Recorder, . . . 


. Dem. 

Valley Echo, . 

Tower City, 

. . Local. 

News, . . . 


. Ind. 

West Schuylkill 

Press, . . . 


. Ind. 

Pottnnlle Borough. — The county seat of 
Schuylkill county, and one of the great coal 
centers of the world, is the borough of 
Pottsville, one of the prosperous and pro- 
gressive towns of the "Keystone State." 
Tradition tells that the Nciman family built a 
cabin in Mauch Chunk street, and was mur- 
dered there by Indians prior to 1800. In the 

initial year of the present centurj' Lewis 
Reese and John Reed settled on the site of 
Pottsville, where the former was joint owner 
with Isaac Thomas of a tract of land on which 
they proposed to erect a furnace. After the 
discovery of anthracite coal the place grew 
rapidly into a town. 

The borough of Pottsville lies in five val- 
leys principally on the tracts of land called 
Pomona, Stephens Green and Coal Pit and is 
now divided into seven wards: North, North- 
cast, Northwest, Middle, South. Southeast and 

Pottsville was laid out by John Pott in 18 16 
or 1817, and was incorporated as a borough, 
February 19, 1828. 

Of the first permanent settlers we have the 
following account: 

" The operations of John Pott, .Sr., were 
carried on at I'. .tt^vill- prior to 1810 by John 
Pott, Jr., and Daniel Focht, as his superinten- 
dents, rin y found here the Reed house, i)rr- 
viously mentioned ; a log house occupied by 
one Alspach, where Charles Baber's residence 
now is ; one occupied by Anthony Schutt, on 
Lawton Hill ; Thomas Swoyer's house, which 
stood where the livery stable on Union street 
now is ; Xatlian Taylor's house, on the pres- 
ent site of the Philadelphia and Reading 
freight depot, and the old Neiman house — or 
what remained of it. The Pott furnace was 
completed in 1808, and the proprietor fitted up 
the Alspach house as a residence for him.self 
and family, and in 18 10 he came here to re- 
side. His family record included these names : 
Maria, his wife, and their children, John, Jr., 
Magdalina, Benjamin, James, Abraham, Mary, 
Catherine, William and Jacob. This family 
constituted no small accession to the popula- 
tion of the place, which, by this time, included 
( the families of several workmen who were at- 



tracted here by the prospects of profitable 
labor in the furnace." 

In 1824 the place did not contain a dozen 
houses, but seven years later numbered over 
five hundred. 

John Pott, Sr., erected Greenwood fur- 
nace and forge in 1807, and three years later 
an anthracite vein of coal nine feet thick was 
discovered. With the coal development came 
the growth and progress of Pottsville. 

Census returns for sixty years show a 
steady increase in population. They are : 
1830,2,464; 1840,4,337; 1850,7,575; i860, 
9,444; 1870,12,384; 1880, 13,253; and 1890, 

Pottsville is well equipped with hotels. The 
Merchants' Hotel was. erected in 1818, by 
George Dengler, and before its present en- 
largement was known as the White Horse 
Tavern. Pennsylvania Hall Hotel was opened 
in 1 83 1 by George Shoemaker. The Morti- 
mer and old Pottsville houses came next, and 
about 1830 the Exchange, afterwards Union 
Hotel, was built. The Buckwalter, North- 
western, Rising Sun, Trap, American Lamb, 
Moyer, and Eagle houses, were erected be- 
tween 1830 and 1845. 

In 1825 postal communication was opened 
with Pottsville and the post office established. 
The postmasters and their dates of appointment 
have been as follows : 

Postmasters. — Thos. Sillyman, appointed, 
Jan. II, 1825; Geo. Taylor, June 7, 1825; 
Chas. Boyter, Sept. 20, 1827; Enos Chu- 
chester, Aug. 18, 1828; Joseph Weaver, Feb. 
20, 1839; John T. Werner, Sept. 8, 1841 ; 
Michael Cochran, Aug. 16, 1848; Daniel 
Krebs, Feb. 15, 1847; Andrew Mortimer, 
May 2, 1849; John Clayton, April 18, 1853; 
Henry L. Acker, June 14, 1853; Mrs. Mar- 
garet Sillyman, April 6, 1861 ; Miss Amanda 

Sillyman, May 17, 1862; Miss Elizabeth Sil- 
lyman, June 21, 1862; James H. Mudey, 
July 26, 1868 ; Wm. R. Cole, Feb. 2, 1891. 

With the early building up of Pottsville 
came the establishment of a newspaper by 
George Taylor, who had an old Ramage press, 
and on March 31, 1825, issued the first num- 
ber, on coarse brown paper. After various 
changes, Benjamin Bannan, in 1829, bought 
the outfit, and the Journal soon became "The 
Miners' Journal and Schuylkill Coal and Nav- 
igation Register." In 1848, Mr. Bannan added 
"Pottsville Advertiser" to its formidable title. 
On May 14, 1877, the present Miners' Journal 
Publishing Company was formed, and the 
paper is daily and weekly, the daily having 
been established in 1873. In 1855 XSxt. Jeffer- 
son Demokrat succeeded the Demokratische 
Freiheits Presse, and in 1865 purchased the 
Schuylkill Demokrat. The Amerikanische Re- 
publikaner was established in 1855, and in 
1 87 1 the Pottsville Volksblatt appeared. The 
Welsh magazine, Seren Orllewinol, was started 
in 1844, but was removed in 1868 to Scran- 

The second English paper in Pottsville was 
the Pottsville Advocate, which appeared in 
1830. Succeeding papers were : The Potts- 
ville Emporium and Democratic Press, 1838; 
Anthracite Gazette and Schuylkill County Ad- 
vocate, 1844; Mining Register and Schuylkill 
County Democrat, 1850; Pottsville Gazette, 
1854; Democratic Standard, 1857; Evening 
Transcript, 1873; Pottsville Standard, 1874; 
Emerald Vindicator, 1 874 ; and Legal Record, 
1 879. The Legal Chronicle, Workingman, and 
Sunday School Helper, were short-lived publi- 

The present papers of Pottsville are : Ameri- 
kanischer Republikaner, Evening Chronicle 
(daily), Jefferson Demokrat, Miners' Journal 



(daily and weekly), Republican (daily), Satur- 
day Night Review, Schuylkill Republican and 

The Miner' s Journal is an evolution from a 
paper established by George Taylor in 1825, 
and after a couple of changes passed into the 
hands of Benjamin Bannan in 1829. Mr. 
Bannan changed the name to the Miners' 
Journal and Schuylkill Coal and Navigation 
Register, and 1848 he added to this title, and 
Pottsville Advertiser. 

In 1866 Mr. Ramsey purchased a half in- 
terest in the paper with Mr. Bannan, and on 
the evening of September i, 1869, the first 
issue of the Daily Miners' Journal was pub- 
ished. In 1873 Mr. Ramsey purchased the 
other half of the business. May 14, i877,the 
Journal became the property of P. W. 
Sheafer and Frank Carter, who organized the 
Miners' Journal Publishing Company. 

Mr. Sheafer soon sold his interest to J. C. 
Bright, who in turn sold it to W. R. Cole, 
who continued as the editor and owner of a 
two-thirds interest until 1889, when Mr. 
Carter, the present owner, became sole pro- 

The Evening Chronicle (daily) was established 
on April 17, 1875, by Solomon Foster, Jr., 
and A. H. Bigler, by whom it was conducted 
one year, when Mr. Foster became sole owner 
by purchase of Mr. Bigler's interest, and con- 
tinued its publication until June, 1876, when 
he sold it to the Standard Publishing Com- 
pany, by which company it has since been 

The Pottsiiille Standard is a week))- paper, 
and is an evolution through many changes of 
the Donocr.itic Standard, established by Henry 
L. Acker in 1857. In 1865 it was changed to 
the Potts-rill,- Standard, and has since been 
known by that ii;imc, although its publication 

was suspended for a time before it came under 
its present management, that of the Standard 
Publishing Company. 

The Pottsville Republican (daily). — The 
Schuylkill Republican was started at Miners- 
ville December 14, 1872, by Charles D. 
Elliott and John O. Beck, respectively local 
editor and foreman of the Miiiirs' Journal, of 
Pottsville. In November, 1874, Mr. Beck re- 
tired, and the paper was conducted by Mr. 
Elliott, until September 28, 1879, when J. H. 
Zerbey, who has since been editor and pro- 
prietor, purchased the business. In April, 
1884, Mr Zerbey removed the plant to Potts- 
ville, and six months later issued a small 
daily campaign paper, known as the Daily 
Republican, which, proving a success, was [ler- 
manently continued. 

The first number of X.hc Jefferson Democrat 
appeared on August 9, 1855 ; it was published 
by three Philadelphia gentlemen, who dis- 
posed of their interest shorti)- after to Ik-ndler 
& Schrader, who published it until 1874, when 
H. J. Hendler retired, and J. William Schrader 
became sole psoprietor and editor, and con- 
tinued as such until his death in 1892, when 
J. Frederick Wetter became its editor and 

The Amerikanische Republikancr. — The Potts- 
ville Volksblatt, an independent • Democratic 
paper, was started by August Knecht in 1871, 
but suspended publication in 1873. Two years 
later ?.Ir. Knecht assumed editorial charge of 
the Amerikanische Republikancr, and since the 
death of Mr Snyder has continued its publi- 

Saturday \iglit Ri~i'itiv, of Pottsville, was 
founded .August 29, 1889, by John J. O Con- 
nor and P. J. Martin, and conducted under 
the firm-name of ()Cnnn..i & Martin up to 
May 23, 1 89 1, when Mr. Martin sold his 



interest to J. Hornung, and the firm-name 
was then changed to O'Connor & Hornung. 
They operated the paper four months, when 
F. J. O'Connor purchased the interest of Mr. 
Hornung, and the firm-title was changed to 
O'Connor Bros., who have since been the 

The brewery business was commenced in 
1829 by D. G. Yuengling. The Orchard 
Brewery was opened in 1830, and the Market 
street brewery in 1865. 

In the year 1829, when American brewing 
was a business in its infancy, the late D. G. 
Yuengling established the Eagle Brewery at 
Pottsville. He was an enterprising gentleman, 
of good business ability, and he established a 
reputation throughout the state for the uni- 
form excellence of all goods which he put on 
the market. In 1832 his buildings were en- 
tirely destroyed, and were then rebuilt in sub- 
stantial manner, as they now stand, on Mahan- 
tongo street, although they have been en- 
larged at various times since. The present 
managing proprietor, Frederick G. Yuengling, 
was admitted by his father as a co-partner in 
1873, when the firm-name, D. G. Yuengling 
& Son, was adopted. 

At the death of the senior Mr. Yuengling, 
in September, 1877, his widow, by the pro- 
visions of his will, succeeded to his interest in 
the business, and the firm-name remains the 
same. The Eagle Brewery has been the train- 
ing school for several of the most successful 
men who are now in the business. 

In 1868 Charles Rettig and a Mr. Leibner 
founded at the corner of 9th and Market 
streets, Pottsville, what is now known as the 
Market Street Brewery. They continued in 
partnership until 1872, when Mr. Rettig be- 
come sole owner. It has been increased from 
time to time in capacity. Charles Rettig died 

July 12, 1893, and the brewery is now run under 
the name of Chas. Rettig & Son. 

Snyder's Colliery Iron Works were estab- 
lished in 1835 and enlarged in 1852, while the 
Orchard Iron Works were built by John L. 
Pott in 1 848, and Noble's Boiler Works date 
back to 1852. Sparks, Parker & Co.'s Boiler 
Works were commenced in 1855, and have 
since been operated under that name. William 
Lynch began pig-iron manufacture in 1839, 
and was succeeded, in 1853, ^y Atkins Bros., 
who built two additional furnaces, one in 1865 
and the other in 1872. The Pennsylvania 
Diamond Drill Company was formed in 1869, 
to manufacture the diamond drill introduced 
six years before in the United States by its 
inventor, Rudolph Leschot, of Paris, France. 
The Simon Derr Stove Works were established 
in 1848 by Joseph Derr, and in 185 1 Simon, 
his brother, entered into a partnership with 
him under the firm-name of J. & S. Derr, 
which continued until 1864, when Simon Derr 
became sole proprietor, Joseph having started 
a foundry on the present site of the Pennsyl- 
vania passenger depot. Simon Derr continued 
as proprietor of the works until his death in 
1 891, when the business was assumed by his 
son, Charles F. Derr. 

In Fishbach, or the northern part of the 
borough, in 1853 were erected the Pottsville 
Rolling Mills, whose various departments re- 
quired at the close of the late war nearly one 
thousand men to operate them. 

The Pottsville Spike and Bolt Works is an- 
other important industry. They were founded 
in 1872, and the company was incorporated in 
1890, for the purpose of manufacturing spikes 
and bolts to be largely used in the anthracite 
coal region. The officers of the company 
upon organization were : John W. Roseberry, 
president until his death, in 1893, and George 



D. Roseberry, secretary and treasurer. The 
directors are : J. O. Roads, George D. Rose- 
berry, Frank Roseberry and Rachel M. 

The Jacob Ulmer Packing Company, whose 
plant is located at Jalapa, is one of the largest 
and most complete establishments of its kind 
in the countrj'. The enterprise was founded in 
1873 by Jacob Ulmer and David Neuser. 
Subsequently Mr. Ulmer purchased the interest 
of Mr. Neuser, and in August, 1874, Louis 
Stoeffregen became Mr. Ulmer's partner, and 
continued as such until August 25, 1875. 
Mr. Ulmer continued as sole proprietor until 
December i, 1890, when it was resolved into 
a corporated stock company under the cap- 
tion of Jacob Ulmer Packing Company. 

The packing house of A. W. Seltzer & 
Brother was erected in 1887 by A. W. and W. 
H. Seltzer. Their plant is located in Jalapa, 
and since the above date they have conducted 
a large and successful business. 

The Tilt Silk Mill, a very considerable en- 
terprise of the borough is one of three large 
mills operated by the Pha;ni.x Manufacturing 
Company of Patterson, New Jersey. The com- 
pany, after investigating the comparative mer- 
its of various towns as a site for their proposed 
mill, decided to locate in Pottsville. This de- 
cision was the result to a large extent of the 

5, 1889, with a capital stock of $60,000. The 
first officers as well as the present officers are : 
President, Heber S. Thompson ; vice-presi- 
dent, Hiester S. Albright; secretary, Richard 
W. Kear ; treasurer, Charles W. Barker. 

The Pottsville Steam Heat and Power Com- 
pany was organized in 1888, with a paid-up 
capital of $55,000. The officers at organization 
were: P. D. Helms, president; D. L. Krebs, 
treasurer ; and Baird Snyder, secretarj-. The 
present officers are : W. S. Sheafer, presi- 
dent; John C. Lee, treasurer; and Baird Sny- 
der, secretary. 

The Schuylkill Electric Railwa)- Co. was 
granted articles of association October 4, 1889. 
Letters patent were issued on October 5, 1889, 
and the original incorporators were: J. H. 
Zerbey, Bird S. Patterson, General J. K. Sig- 
fried, .M.ijor S, A. Losch and J. T. Zerbey. 
The first officers were: Burd S. Patterson, 
president; J. H. Zerbey, secretary; and John 
1 Zerbey, treasurer. The present officers 
are: J. K. .Sij^'tViecl, president and j^eneral 
in.inager ; F G. Vuengling, vice-president; 
Jesse .Newlin, secretarj-; and John F. Zerbey, 

The paid up capital of the company is 
S150.000. and its bonded indebtedness $95,- 
000. The road extends from Vorkville, 
through Pottsville and Palo Alto, and to Port 

inducements held out by the enterprising 1 Carbon and Tumbling Run — a total distance 
Board of Trade of that place. The enterprise '• of eight and one-tl)ird miles. 

was opened in 1888, and gives employment to 
seven hundred hands, and is one of the most 
complete of its kind in the world. The offi- 
cers are: Albert Tilt, president; J. \V. Cong- 
don, vice-president, and J. M. Harris, manager. 
In modern methods of lighting, heating and 
street-railw.i)- travel Pottsville is well toward 
the front. The Edison Electric Illuminating 
Company of Pottsville was incorporated July 

.An interesting chapter in the history of 
Pottsville is that of its banks. The first bank 
was the Miners', which was incorporated in 
1S2S, with S200,000 capital, until January 1, 
1S40 F^rancis B. Nichols was the first presi- 
dent, and D.miel J. Rhoads, cashier. On the 
2 5thof Februar)', 1831, Mr. Nichols resi^'ned, 
and on March 4, John .Shippen w.i-> ippointeil 
to the vacancy. The legislature extended the 



charter from time to time, and on the i8th of 
April, 1856, authorized an increase of capital 
to ^500,000. The bank was con\jerted into a 
national banking association on the 30th of 
December, 1864. 

The present officers are William L. Whit- 
ney, president; William Thompson, vice pres- 
ident; and Mr. De Frehn, cashier. 

The Safe Deposit Bank of Pottsville was 
chartered in 1870, as a safe deposit company, 
with banking privileges, and commenced busi- 
ness in 1 87 1, with an authorized capital stock 
of ;^200,ooo. The present officers are : C. H. 
Tyson, president ; and Charles H. Hazzard, 
cashier. The present paid-up capital stock is 


The Pennsylvania National Bank was de- 
clared open by the United States comptroller 
of the currency in 1866, with a capital of 
;^ 100,000. Jacob Huntzinger was the first 
president, and Charles H. Dengler, cashier. 
The president resigned November 5, 1867, and 
his son, J. Albert Huntzinger, was chosen to 
the vacancy. In October, 1 869, the president 
and cashier both tendered resignations, and 
Mr. Dengler was elected president, and Wal- 
lace P. Ryon, cashier. On the 14th of Janu- 
ary, 1873, R. F. Lee was elected president, 
and Joseph F. Dengler was appointed cashier. 
July 10, 1875, the capital was doubled. 
The present officers are : John W. Ryon, 
president ; J. C. Lee, vice-pj-esident ; and Mr. 
Seibert, cashier. 

The Government National was chartered as 
the Government Bank of Pottsville, under the 
laws of this State, on February 25, 1863, with 
a capital of ;^so,ooo. William F. Huntzinger, 
president, and H. H. Huntzinger, cashier. 
The capital was increased June 27, 1864, to 
^200,000, and on the 15th of the following 
May the institution was converted into a 

national bank. The capital was again in- 
creased in April, 1872, to half a million. The 
present officers are: A. L. Boehmer, presi- 
dent, and John F. Zerbey, cashier. Capital 
stock, ^50,000. 

The Mechanics' Safe Deposit Bank had its 
origin in 1852, when the Pottsville Life Insur- 
ance and Trust Company was incorporated, 
with insurance privileges ; ^20,000 were paid 
in, which was one-fifth of the authorized capi- 
tal. The officers were : Nathan Evans, presi- 
. dent; Br F. Taylor, secretary and treasurer. 
In 1873, by order of court, the name was 
changed to "The Mechanics' Safe Deposit 

The Miners' Trust Company Bank had its 
origin in 1850, when a charter was granted to 
John H. Adams and Jacob Huntzinger, and 
their successors, to do business at Schuylkill 
Haven, with a capital of ^100,000, as a mutual 
life and health insurance company. A sup- 
plement to the charter, February vj, 1854, 
changed the name to The Miners' Life Insur- 
ance and Trust Company of Pottsville, where 
business was first begun in that year. In 
1854, with a paid-up capital of ^12,500, the 
average deposits exceeded a hundred thou- 
sand dollars. A second amendment to the 
charter. May 24th, 1871, changed the name 
to The Miners' Trust Company Bank. Pay- 
ments were suspended August 4, 1876, and 
the deed to the assignees was signed Septem- 
ber 14. 

The Pottsvrlle Bank did business at Lyceum 
Hall block, Market street, from March 4, 
1872, to April, 1873, when it removed to the 
Seitz building, in Centre street, and sus- 
pended. Henry Saylor, Charles H. Woltjen, 
and William Garrett were its officers. v 

The National Bank of Pennsylvania was 
chartered in 1864, as a State Bank, with a cap- 



ital of ^200,000. Its career was a brief one, 
and it closed in 1 866. November 26th of that 
year its board of trustees passed a resolution 
that the Miners' Trust Company redeem its 
circulation, as it had been a bank of issue 
Jacob Huntzinger was its president, and 
Charles H. Dengler, cashier. 

The Farmers' Bank of Schuylkill County [ 
was incorporated April 14, 1845, and com- 
menced business at Schuylkill Haven, two 
years later. In 185 1 it was removed to Potts- 
ville, and transacted business for a time in the 
residence of Judge Walker, on Mahantongo 
street. Judge George Rahn was the first i 
president, and was followed in succession by 
A. Reifsnyder, Henry Saylor and Joseph W. 1 
Cake. An act of Assembly in 1870 provided 
for the closing of the bank, and George R. 
Kaercher was appointed receiver. 

The Mountain City Bank was chartered 
April 8, 1870, with $500,000 stock. Its offi- 
cers were: John W. Roseberry, president; 
John Davison, vice-president ; Charles H. 
Dengler, secretary and treasurer. The career 
of this bank was brief. 

The Merchants' Exchange Bank is another 
of the stranded institutions that once flour- ' 
ished in Pottsville. It was chartered in 
March, 1873, and commenced business with a 
capital of $62,000. 

The German Banking Company, with a 
stock capital of $100,000, went into operation 
in March, 1872, at No. 5 Market street. 
Francis Alstatt was its first president, and dur- 
ing its existence Jacob Ulmer was vice-presi- 
dent, and James W. Nagle and John P. Ber- 
tram were treasurers. 

The Real Estate Title Insurance and Trust 

Company of Pottsville was organized October 

17, 1877, by Charles H. Woltjen. Burd S. 

Patterson, Theodore Guger, Dr. F \V. Boyer 


and James A. Medlar, who were also the 
original directors. Of this company the pre- 
sent officers are : Guy C. Farquhar, president ; 
Dr. F. W. Boyer, first vice-president ; F. G. 
Yuengling, second vice-president ; Norman S. 
Farquhar, secretary; and James A. Medlar, 
manager and treasurer. The business is 
chiefly banking and mortgage loaning, and 
the company also does a large real estate 
business. The capital stock is $250,000, with 
a paid-up capital of $125,000. 

In moral enterprises the citizens have always 
been active, and the Pottsville Benevolent 
Association, which was formed in 1873, has a 
noble work in alleviating the misfortunes and 
sufferings of the poor and needy. The asso- 
ciation, in 1873, established a home, with 
which was connected both a day and Sunday- 

The Pottsville Iron and Steel Company, one 
of the strongest and most successful corpora- 
tions in the country, is the successor of the 
Atkins Brothers, who, in 1853, purchased the 
Old Pioneer Blast Furnace, which was erected 
in 1806. This was one of the oldest furnaces 
in the country; it had been operated with 
comparatively little success up to the time it 
passed into the ownership of the Atkins 
Brothers, who tore down a considerable por- 
tion of the old plant, and rebuilt and increased 
its capacity many times. 

In 1865 they built another furnace, and still 
another in 1872. The business was success- 
fully conducted under the caption of Atkins 
Brothers until 1 880, when it was incorporated 
into the Pottsville Iron and Steel Company, 
with Charles M. Atkins as president. He 
acted in this capacity until his death, in 1 889, 
when his .son William succeeded to the presi- 
dency. During the rapid progress of their 
business they incorporated the Pottsville Roll- 



ing Mills, and subsequently the Bridge Works. 
At Pottsville was commenced the mani|fac- 
ture of anthracite iron with hot blasts. The 
Miners' Journal says : 

January i8, 1840, an experiment was con- 
summated in Pottsville which had a wide 
influence upon both state and nation. On 
that date it was conclusively settled that iron 
could be smelted with Pennsylvania anthra- 
cite coal, exclusively by the use of hot blast. 
This experiment was made at the old " Pioneer 
Furnace," the site and foundation of which is 
now the property of the Pottsville Iron and 
Steel Company. It extended over a period 
of three months, and ended on the above date 
with appropriate celebration. The first suc- 
cessful use of hot blast to smelt iron with hot 
blast exclusively is credited to George Crane, 
of Wales. This idea, however, was not 
original with him ; for as early as December, 
1833, Dr. Frederick W. Geissenhainer, of 
New York City, took out a patent for smelting 
iron with anthracite coal exclusively with both 
hot and cold bla.sts. He tried this at his Valley 
FurnacCi Silver Creekj this county, and 
demonstrated its feasibility. By August 6, 
1 836, he had manufactured considerable iron, 
but, owing to a defect in the blowing frame, it 
being of wood, soon gave away. On Feb- 
uary 7, 1837, Crane was successful with his 
experiment in England. In August of that 
year. Dr. Geissenhainer gave notice that he 
would resist Crane's application for patent on 
the ground of priority of patent. The patent 
office sustained the doctor's claims. He died 
soon afterWardj and Crane had not been suc- 
cessful. About this time Burd Patterson, of 
Pottsville, offered ;^ 1,000 per ton for ten tons 
of good iron smelted by anthracite coal. 

Shortly afterwards he began the erection of 
a furnace for this purpose. On October 26, 

1834, the Journal announced the success of 
the enterprise. From this on anthracite coal 
has been used successfully in smelting iron." 

The patriotism of the inhabitants of Potts- 
ville is attested by two monuments in the 
borough toward whose erection the people of 
the county also generously contributed. 

Soon after the death of Henry Clay, in 
1852, the project was conceived of erecting a 
monument to his memory. Measures were 
at once adopted for carrying this project into 
effect, and on the 26th of July in the same 
year — the day of the funeral obsequies in 
Pottsville of the great statesman — the corner- 
stone was laid with appropriate ceremonies, 
in the presence of a large concourse of peo- 
ple. The building committee consisted of 
Samuel Silliman, E. Yardley and F. Hewson. 
To the chairman of this committee, Mr. Silli- 
man, more than to any other person, is due 
the success of this undertaking. 

The cost of the monument was between 
;^7,ooo and ;g8,ooo. John Bannan presented 
the ground. The statue, which is of iron, was 
moulded and cast by Robert Wood. 

The soldiers monument in Garfield square, 
stands as a lasting testimony of the patriotism 
and regard of Pottsville and the county for the 

The Soldiers' Monument Park Association 
was incorporated in 1887, with Henry Royer, 
president; Maj. John A. Schweers, secretary; 
Dr. F. W. Boyer, treasurer ; and Capt. D. C. 
Henning, solicitor, with thirty-one directors. 
The monument is octagonal in shape, stands 
over forty-two feet high and was dedicated Oc- 
tober I, 1 89 1. Gen. Horace Porter delivered 
the oration. 

Mahanoy City Borough. — This important 
anthracite centre of America is one of the 
prosperous and populous towns of Schuylkill 



county that ranks almost in the list sf Penn- 
sylvania cities. Mahanoy City is in Mahanoy 
township, and extends from east to west along 
both sides of Mahanoy creek. Commencing 
on the south the principal streets are Maple, 
Spruce, Mahanoy, Pine, Water and Centre; 
while starting on the west the main, north and 
south streets are D, B, Catawissa, Second, 
Main, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Seventh 
Eight and Ninth. 

Mahanoy City was settled in 1859, became 
incorporated as a borough, December 16, 
1863, and in 1870 contained a population of 
5>533- Its rapid growth and progress is the 
result of its coal industry. 

The post-office was established in 1839, 
with John Lindemuth as postmaster, and since ' 
then among his successors have been C. C. 
Hagenbuch, David Philips, Mary Severn, \ 
Jacob L. Bricker, M. J. Litsch, and V. W. j 
Medlar, whose term will expire in March, 

Numerous fine churches and school build- 
ings are to be found in the borough, while the 
leading secret societies of the United States \ 
are well represented. 1 

The first fire company of the borough was [ 
Humane, No. 1, organized June 18, 1868, i 
while the second, The Citizens, came into ex- j 
istence in February, 1870. j 

The early hotels of Mahanoy City include 
among them, the Mansion house, and the '• 
Merchants', Eagle and Exchange hotels. 1 

The military spirit of the borough in 1875, 
led to the organization on November isth, of ; 
that year, of Company C (Silliman Guards), j 
Seventh Pennsylvania National Guard, whose i 
fine armory was established in the city-hall : 
block. I 

Mahanoy City has two banks, the First | 
National and the Union National. The First 

National was organized September 26, 1864, 
with a capital stock of ^50,000, which has 
been increased from time to time until now it 
is 1 100,000. The first president was Abraham 
Focht, who was succeeded by Nicholas Ballat, 
who was succeeded by Edward S. Silliman, 
the present incumbent William L. Voder 
has been cashier since its organization. 

The Union National, was organized Feb- 
ruary 8, 1889, chartered March 26, and com- 
menced business on the last-named day, with 
a capital stock of ^100,000. Its officers are: 
Andrew Comery, president ; C. D. Kaier, vice- 
president ; and E. S. Reinhold, cashier. 

The Fidelity Building and Loan -Associa- 
tion of Mahanoy City was incorporated Oc- 
tober 29, 1874, and Scheurman's Building, 
Loan and Saving Fund Association was or- 
ganized in October, 1874, with Carl Scheur- 
man, president; David Bowman, treasurer; 
and William Encke, secretary. 

The Mahanoy City and William Tell Build- 
ing and Loan Associations were in liquidation 
in 1880, their shares having matured. The 
Weber was then in operation. 

Mahanoy City Gas Company. — This cor- 
poration was organized February 21, 1874. 
The first officers were: W. F. Smith, presi- 
dent; George H. Troutman, secretary; Wil- 
liam L. Yoder, treasurer. The authorized 
capital of the company is ^30,000. The 
works were completed and the gas turned on 
October i, \X74- The present officers are: 
E. S. Silliman, president; W. L. Yoder, treas- 
urer; and G. W. Seligman, secretary and 

Mahanoy City Water Company was orga- 
nized and a charter authorizing the issue of 
stock to the amount of Si 00,000 was pro- 
cured in 1864, and under it E. S. Silliman was 
elected president, and Frank Carter, secreUry. 



John Eichman was appointed collector and 
superintendent. The present officers are : 
E. S. Silliman, president; H. M. Parmley, 
secretary and treasurer; and E. S. Silliman, 
superintendent and colkctor. 

The most important collieries in the vicinity 
of the borough are : 

Mahan.oy City. — The drift here was 
opened and a breaker built in 1863, and the 
first coal was shipped in the spring of 1864, 
by Hill & Harris. The veins worked are the 
Primrose and Mammoth. 

Harris, Sparr & Go's Colliery, opened in 
18,78, commenced shipping during the fol- 
lowing year. The capacity of the breaker, 
bperated by one small engine, was fifty tons 
daily. The vein worked is the Skidmore. 

Reynolds, Roberts & Co.'s Colliery was 
opened by ft.. Phillips & Co. in 1872, and 
pperated by them until 1877, when it was 
sold. Its capacity is one hundred tons daily. 
It works many men and boys. 

The Webster Colliery was operated by 
John Holland^ in 1874, and the first shipment 
of coal was made in December of that year. 
The capacity of the breaker was one hundred 
tons daily, and the power was furnished by 
one engine. Mr. Holland sold the colliery to 
King, Tyler & Co., and during their adminis- 
tration occtired the riot of 1875, which was 
caused by an attempt of a mob to close the 

The Elmwood Colliery was opened at a 
point opposite the Grant Iron Works, in 1871, 
by R. R. Lee & G. H. Wren. They erected 
a breaker ahd machinery at a cost of ^85,000, 
artd operated it until 1874, when it was sold 
to the PhiMdelphia and Reading Coal and 
iron Conipany. The slope has a depth of 
one hundred and twenty yards on the Prim- 
rose, Mammoth and Seven-feet veins. The 

capacity of the breaker was 500 tons daily, 
and the average shipment about 300 tons. 

The Grant Iron Works, located just south 
of the borough limits, were erected in 1865 
by Thomas Wren, of Pottsville. In 1867 
they were purchased by Ralph R. Lee 
and George H. Wren, who operated them 
under the firm-name of Lee & Wren until 
1877, when Mr. Lee retired, and they have 
since been conducted by Mr. Wren. The 
works are devoted to the manufacture of steam 
engines and pumps, rolling-mill, mining and 
furnace machinery. 

The Eagle Hosiery Mill was founded in 
1889, by a stock company, under the firm- 
name of the Eagle Hosiery Mill Company. 
This firm operated the business six months, 
when they leased the mill to Charles Chipman 
& Son, of Germantown, Pennsylvania, who 
operated it up to January 25, 1892. In the 
meantime there was added considerable ma- 
chinery, and on the above date Hon. W. E. 
Jones and W. G. Johnson purchased all the 
machinery and leased the building, and have 
since conducted a successful business under 
the firm-name of Jones & Johnson. 

The Charles D. Kaier Brewing Company, 
Limited, was founded by Charles D. Kaier. 
The first plant was erected in 1883 by Charles 
D. Kaier, on the corner of South Main Street 
and Commercial Alley, and was rebuilt and 
enlarged on the same site in 1890 by Mr. 
Kaier, who operated the business up to Sep- 
tember I, 1892, when it was merged into a 
co-partnership under the firm-style of the 
Charles D. Kaier Brewing Company, Limited. 
They employ thirty hands, and have an an- 
nual product of twenty-five or thirty thousand 

The Mahanoy City Light, Heat and Power 
Company was organized in 1887, with E.'S. 



Silliman, president ; Andrew Comery, secre- 
tary and superintendent ; and W. L. Yoder, 
treasurer. The capital stock is ^30,000, and 
its present officers are : E. S. Silliman, presi- 
dent; W, L. Yoder, treasurer; and George 
M. Seligman, secretary and superintendent. 

Along with the growth of Mahanoy City 
came the establishment of its first newspaper, 
The Mahanoy Gazette, which was founded in 
1865 by Dr. G. H. B. Swayze. In 1866 it was 
purchased by Milliam Ramsay, who re- 
mained proprietor until 1878, when it was 
purchased by Andrew Connery and T. H. B. 
Lyon, and the name was changed to The 
Mahanoy Tribune. They held the paper until 
1880, when it was purchased by E. S. Rein- 
hold and I. Y. Sollenberger. This partner- 
ship continued only about six months, when 
Mr. Sollenberger became sole proprietor, until 
October, 1886, when L. V. Rausch and J. B. 
Irish purchased it. In a short time Guy C. 
Irish was taken into the partnership. Since 
1886 the paper has been run under the firm- 
name of Rausch & Irish. It has always 
been republican in politics. 

The Tri-Weekly Record is the outgrowth of 
The Mahanoy City Local, established by 
Charles Spencer in 187 1. It was a small ad- 
vertising sheet. On November 2, 1871, Mr. 
Spencer inaugurated The Mahanoy Valley 
Record, a small subscription paper, which he 
later sold to John Parker, father of its present 
proprietor, John W. Parker. On September 
15, 1877, the paper was changed to a tri- 
weekly, and named Parker's Tri-Weekly 
Record. Afterward it became The Tri- Weekly 
Record, its present name. It is a penny paper, 
eight columns to the page, the largest penny 
paper in the county. 

The Camp Record v/^s founded October i, 
1890, by D. E. Pennypacker, president; Theo. 

Harris, secretary and manager; and A. C. 
Campton, treasurer. It is devoted to the in- 
terests of the P. O. S. of A., more especially 
in Schuylkill county. 

Shenandoah Borough. — This active and en- 
terprising coal center of Schuylkill county is 
in the northern part of Mahanoy township, 
being one of five large and prosperous bor- 
oughs in the valley of Mahanoy creek. Shen- 
andoah is on the Shenandoah branch of the 
Pennsylvania and Reading Railroad, fourteen 
miles from Pottsville. It is distant from 
Mauch Chunk eighteen miles, and one hun- 
dred and five miles from Philadelphia, and the 
Mahanoy division of the Lehigh Valley Rail- 
road passes through the place. Shenandoah was 
laid out in 1 862, and became a borough on JanT 
uary 16, 1866. It lies in the heart of a rich 
coal district whose development brought the 
borough into existence and has made it pros- 
perous and populous. 

The site of Shenandoah was originally 
owned by Peter Kehley, who as early as 1835 
built a log house near the present Lehigh Val- 
ley depot. Several years previous to 1 860 he 
was induced to transfer his title to the land to 
parties in Philadelphia for a nominal con- 
sideration, but continued to occupy it, at an 
annual rental of a dollar, until his death. In 
the spring of 1862 the purchasers of Mr. Keh- 
ley 's land, then or subsequently known as the 
Philadelphia Land Company, anticipating the 
speedy opening of coal mines here, had a town 
surveyed and plotted by P. W. Sheafer, then 
acting as civil engineer for that company, who 
gave to it the name of " Shenandoah City, " 
probably after Shenandoah creek, which runs 
through the southeastern portion of the present 
borough. The following summer the Land 
Company built an hotel, on the corner of Main 
and Center streets, which was opened, under 



the name of the United States Hotel, in August, 
1862. This was the first frame building put 
up in Shenandoah. The same year James 
Hutton built two dwelling-houses, and build- 
ing was also begun at the Shenandoah City 
colliery. The opening of that colliery, which 
was begun in 1862, brought to this place many 
of the first settlers. Seymour Wright, Jacob 
O. Roads, James Hutton, Christian Young, 
John Houzer and perhaps a few others came 
here in 1862. 

Miller, Roads & Co., was an early business 
firm who erected the first saw-mill, blacksmith 
and carpenter shops, and store building. In 
1864, W. C. Kennedy opened the first drug 
store, and Dr. W. S. Beach became the first 
resident physician. 

The collieries of Shenandoah have given it 
wealth and prosperity. The early collieries 
were: Shenandoah City, i862;Kehley Run, 
1864; Plank Ridge, 1865; Kohinoor, 1868; 
Turkey Run, 1869; Indian Ridge, 1870, and 
Cambridge, 1875. The early hotels were: 
the National, Columbia,Shenandoah Valley and 
Merchants'. The Columbia Hose and Steam 
Fire Engine Company was organized July 11, 
1870, the Shenandoah screen works were 
started in 1873, and Company H, 8th regiment, 
N. G. P., was mustered into the state service 
June 22, 1876. 

The Shenandoah Valley Bank was incor- 
porated and commenced business in 1870, 
with a capital of. ;^5o,ooo. William Grant was 
elected president, and Joel B. McCamant 
cashier. Upon the death of Mr. Grant, in 
1873; Jonathan Wasley became president. 
This bank continued to do business until 1878, 
when an assignment was made. The Miners' 
Banking Company was established in 1875, 
with a capital of ;$50,ooo; C. F. Weber was 
president, and G. W. Garret cashier. The 

bank suspended after doing business two or 
three years. 

The Merchants' National Bank of Shenan- 
doah, was chartered April- 8, 1891, and an 
organization effected in March, 189 1. Capital 
stock ^ioo,oco. Its officers are : J. S. Kistler, 
president ; P. J. Gaughan, vice-president ; and 
E. B. Hunter, Cashier. 

The First National Bank of Shenandoah is 
a sound financial institution with a capital 
stock of ^100,000. The present officers are: 
A. W. Leisenring, president, and John R. 
Leisenring, cashier. 

Shenandoah Citizens' Water and Gas Com- 
pany. — This company was incorporated in the 
spring of 1870, with a capital of ;^50,ooo, 
divided into 5,000 shares. Its first officers 
were ; George A. Herring, president ; George 
L. Reagan, secretary; Martin Delaney, treas- 
urer. The first directors were William Grant, 
George G. Jacoby, Joseph Boehn, Orlando P. 
Hart, James G. Hutton and Jonathan Wasley. 
The town is well supplied with pure spring 
water, brought from Kehley Run and LocUst 
Mountain. The present officers of the com- 
pany are : S. D. Hess, president; J. O. Roads, 
secretary, and J. Wasley, treasurer. 

The Shenandoah Gas Light Company was 
organized June 4, 1884, with a capital stock 
of ^25,000. The officers upon organization 
were : S. A. Beddall, president ; H. A. Swalm, 
secretary and Dr. J. S. Kistler, treasurer. 
The present officers are : Dr. J. C. Callen, 
president ; Dr. J. S. Kistler, secretary ; Gporge. 
W. Beddall, treasurer. The town was first 
lighted by gas on Christmas, 1874. 

The " Citizens' Electric Light Company of 
Shenandoah " was organized in April, 1887, 
with a capital stock of ^^25,000; Its first 
officers were: P. J. Ferguson, president; 
Charles Wasley, secretary,^ and William 



Kimmel, superintendent and treasurer. The 
present officers are : P. J. Ferguson, president ; 
John Gruhler, secretary and William Kimmel, 
superintendent and treasurer. The capital 
stock was raised to ^40,cxxD in 189 1. 

The Shenandoah Electric . Illuminating 
Company was organized in 1887. The capital 
stock upon organization was ^30,000. The 
officers were : president, S. A. Beddall ; sec- 
retary, H. A. Swalm; treasurer, Ur. J. S. 
Kistler. The present officers are : president. 
Dr. J. C. Callen ; secretary, Dr. J. S. Kistler, 
and treasurer, George W. Beddall. 

The Shenandoah Manufacturing Company 
was chartered February 21, 1893, for the 
purpose of manufacturing hats, caps and 
clothing. The enterprise will employ, when 
fully in operation, 1.50 hands. The officers 
are : president, Henry W. Titman ; vice- 
president, J. M. Robbins ; secretary and man- 
ager, John S. Housenick ; treasurer, P. J. 
Gaughan, and assistant secretary and manager, 
L. J. Wilkinson. The above-named officers 
also constitute the directors, and the capital 
stock of the company is $25,000. 

The press pf Shenandoah has kept pace with 
the progress and enterprise of the borough. 
The Shenandoah Herald was established in 
1870, by Thomas J. Foster and Henry C. 
Boyer. On August 21, 1875, a daily edition, 
known as the Evening World was issued, 
which was continued until November 16, 1878. 
The Evening Herald took a very decided 
stand against the " Mollie Maguires," and as a 
result of the extra expense incurred in the 
keeping of a paid police force was sold by the 
sheriff. Later, the l{'(v//i' //fra/df was again 
started, and in 1883 the entire plant including 
the Mining Herald was destroyed by fire. 
In 1888 >Ir. Boyer, with the assistance of J. 
S. Kirkwood & Company, revived the daily 

edition. Mr. Kirkwood retired in 1890, 
since which time the conduct of the Herald 
has devolved upon Mr. Boyer. 

The Sunday News, of Shenandoah, was 
founded in 1878, by M. J. Doyle, who has 
since edited the paper. 

In 1885, his brother, D. J., became a part- 
ner, and subsequently another brother, John 

I E., became assistant editor. The paf>er is 

' now conducted under the firm-name of Doyle 

, Brothers. 

' Ashland Borough. — In Butler township, on 
Mahanoy creek, thirteen miles north-east 

; from Pottsville, is Ashland, whose rise was 
due to the development of its surrounding 
coal fields, and whose progress has been the 
result of its iron industries as well as its coal 
production. Ashland is on the line of the 
Mahanoy and Shamokin branch of the 
Philadelphia and Reading and the Lehigh 
Valley Railroads. In 1820, Jacob Rodenber- 
ger had an old log hotel on the site of Ash- 
land. The town was laid out in 1847, and 
ten years later, on the 13th of February, was 
chartered as a borough. 

Burd S. Patterson, a prominent citizen of 
the county, had for years predicted that some 
day an important mining town would cover 
the slope of the mountain near the tower, and 
took steps that, in 1845, induced John P. 
Brock, of Philadelphia, and James Hart to 

! join him in the purchase of two large tracts of 

: land in the vicinity; one of four hundred 
acres, from the Bank of Pennsylvania, at a 
uniform price of $30 an acre, and the same 
area from Judge Gordon, of Reading, at j5i i 
per acre. To these united tracts they gave 
the name of the Ashland Estate, and took an 
opportunity to test the character of their pur- 
chase by sending in the fall of 1846 an experi- 
enced miner, named Patrick Devine, with a 



force of men, to develop the coal veins cross- 
ing the tract. During the following year the 
village site was surveyed by Samuel Lewis 
and named Ashland, after Henry Clay's 
famous Kentucky home. The proprietors 
cleared lands, laid out streets, built substantial 
tenement houses for their workmen, and in- 
duced immigration. One of their acts was to 
give to Jacob Larish two lots in consideration 
of his erecting and occupying a hotel. 

With the opening of the Wadleigh colliery, 
in 1852, the establishment of the Ashland 
Iron Works in 1853, and the commencement 
of the Tunnel colliery, in 1856, came growth 
and prosperity to the little town that has now 
almost the proportions of a city. 

The borough has a sound financial institu- 
tion in the Citizens' National Bank of Ashland, 
which opened its doors on June 6, 1875, .with 
a capital of ;^6o,ooo. Its present officers are : 
W. H. Heaton, president ; John Huoter, vice- 
president; and George H. Helfrich, cashier. 
The directors are W. H. Heaton, John Hunter, 
Peter E. Buck, W. A. Marr, William Lande- 
field, E. K. Becker, J. M. Click, L. A. Riley, 
and O. B. Williard. The Ashland Banking 
Company, the Ashland Savings Bank, and the 
First National Bank of Ashland were financial 
institutions that after a short career suspended 
between 1875 and 188 1. 

A fire department was organized in 1867, 
when the Washington Fire Company was 
formed. Ten years later American Hose 
Company, No. i, was organized. 

The borough of Ashland put the construc- 
tion of water works under contract in August, 
1876. These works went into operation May 
31, 1877, and have been from time to time 
enlarged, until their present cost is placed at 
• The Ashland Gas Light Company was or- 

ganized and incorporated in 1 874, with the fol- 
lowing officers : E. P. Burkert, president; Frank 
Rentz, secretary; and Adam Waldner, treas- 
urer. The present officers are : J. B. Price, 
president; John X. Dence, secretary; and 
Frank Rentz,. treasurer. 

The borough is well lighted. 

The Edison Electric Illuminating Company 
of Ashland was organized in 1885, with the 
following officers : president, B. M. Hampton ; 
secretary, Theodore F. Barron ; and treasurer, 
George H. Helfrich. The capital stock is 
;^50oo. The present officers are : president, 
John B. Price ; secretary, C. F. Russell ; treas- 
urer, William McConnell. 

The Arc Light Company was consolidated 
in 1893, with the above company. 

The Mining Gazetteer.-wa.s founded in 1857 
by J. H. McElwain, a civil and mining en- 
gineer. After four months Mr. McElwain was 
succeeded by J. H. Hennessey, who continued 
its management until i860, when he was suc- 
ceeded by Dr. Yocum. It suspended in 1863. 

The Ashland. Advocate was started in 1 864 
by Newhall & McGinley, but was purchased 
in 1866 by J. Irvin Steel, who is now its able 
editor. In 1889 he founded the Evening Tele- 
gram, a daily which he has since edited. The 
Ashland Local is owned and ably edited by J. 
H. James. 

Tamaqua Borough. — On the Little Schuyl- 
kill branch of the Philadelphia and Reading 
and the Tamaqua branch of the Lehigh and 
Susquehanna Railroad, seventeen and one- 
half miles from Pottsville, is Tamaqua, which 
was taken from the territory of Schuylkill and 
West Penn townships. In 1799 Berkhard 
Moser settled on the site of Tamaqua, where 
he built a saw-mill and two years later erected 
a log house. In 18 17 Moser discovered coal, 
Which: was successfully mined- until 1874, 



when the breakers were burned and the 
mines ruined, at a loss of g 1,500,000 to their 

For twenty-five years ^fter 1799 but few 
dwellings were erected. The town was laid out 
from parts of West Penn and Schuylkill town- 
ships in 1 829, at which time the population was 
about 150. The design was to name it 
Tuscarora, but some enterprising person arose 
too early in the morning for the pioneers and 
gave that Indian name to the village four miles 
west. As the waters of the Tamaqua, rechris- 
tened Wabash, the west branch of the Little 
Schuylkill, passed through the tract, it was 
decided to name the infant with the name of 
the creek, Tamaqua, which is Indian for run- 
ning water." 

The town was incorporated in 1832, and im- 
provements of a substantial character in 1846 
were commenced which have been continued up 
to the present time. In 1849 the borough built 
water-works, and thirty years later commenced 
to organize their present well-equipped fire 
department. In the flood of 1850, over sixty 
persons, it is said, were drowned in the 
borough. Greenwood Rolling Mill was built 
in 1865, and Tamaqua Shoe Factory in 1874- 
The latter lay idle for about eleven years after 
1877, and then the building passed into the 
hands of the Tamaqua Boot and Shoe Manu- 
facturing Company, which was started by H. 
A. Weldy in 1888, and is now managed by his 
son Clarence. The factory gives employment 
to 45 persons, and the annual output is worth 

Tamaqua has two banks. The First 
National Bank of Tamaqua was incorporated 
in 1865, and surrendered its charter as a State 
banking institution. It was originally organ- 
ized as the Anthracite Bank in 1850. The 
amount of capital stock paid in is 1 100,000. 

This bank suspended payment October 14, 
1878, and resumed just a month later. This 
embarrassment occurred in con.sequence of the 
failure of Charles F. Shoener. The bank has 
always been a paying institution. The surplus 
is now ^70,000. Its present officers are : E. 
J. Fry. president, and Wallace Guss, acting 

The second bank of Tamaqua is the Ta- 
maqua Banking and Trust Company, which 
commenced business in 1865. At the time of 
organization Daniel Shepp was elected presi- 
dent, and H. A. Spiese cashier. Its present 
board of directors are: Dr. C. B. Drehr, Philip 
Kolb, \V. S. Ailabach, David Zehner, H. A. 
Weldy, Joseph Mitchell, L. F. Fritch, Daniel 
Shepp and Al. I>eopold. H. A. Spiese was 
succeeded by AK Leopold, the present cashier. 
Capital stock, ^78,000; paid-up stock, ^7,000 ; 
and reserved stock, S-i|O0O. 

The Tamaqua and Lansford Street Railway 
Company was organized November 2, 189!, 
by F. P. Spiese. Robert Harris, D. D. Phillips, 
J. R. Coyle and C. W. Eberle. The officers 
are: F. P. Spiese, president; A. P. Blakslce, 
secretary; and P. J. Ferguson, treasurer. 

The intention of this organization is to con- 
struct an electric railway from Tamaqua to 
Lansford and Summit Hill. The whole line, 
when completed, will cover a distance of about 
seven miles, and it is intended to employ the 
very latest improvements in the equipment 
and construction of the road, and have all 
appointments first-class. The company has 
an authorized capital of ^50,000. 

The Edison Electric Illuminating Company, 
of Tamaqua, was incorporated July 8, 1885, 
with an authorized capital of $30,000. It was 
organized with the following officers : Henry 
A. Weldy, president; F. P. Spiese, secretary 
and manager; and C. H. Wtldy, treasurer. 



The directors were: H. A. Weldy, F. P. Spiese, 
Dr. C. B. Dreher, Daniel Sliepp and Samuel 

The officers in 1893 were : Daniel Shepp, 
president; and F. P. Spiese, secretary, treas- 
urer and manager. Thepresent directors are: 
Daniel Shepp, F. P. Spiese, Dr. C. B. Dreher, 
H. A. Weldy and Samuel Brode. 

The Tamaqua Legion was started in 1 849 by 
J. M. & D. C. Reinhart, the name being changed 
soon afterwards to the Tamaqua Gazette, sub- 
sequently to the Tamaqua Anthracite Gazette. 
The paper suspended publication in 1861 for 
two months, and was then sold to R. L. Ley- 
burn, who changed the name to the Anthracite 
Journal. Captain Leyburn entered the civil 
war a year later. Messrs. Fry & Jones as- 
sumed proprietorship until he returned. 

The paper was then sold to the Monitor Pub- 
lishing Company, and published as the Satur- 
day Courier until it was sold to Eveland & 
Shiffert in 187 1. In 1872 Mr. Shiffert's inter- 
est was purchased by Robert Harris. The firm 
later purchased the material of the Anthracite 
Monitor, a labor-reform journal, started in 1 87 1 , 
and which at one time had an immense circu- 
lation and influence. They thus acquired the 
title to the old Legion, and all the honors of 
the first printing establishriient Tamaqua ever 

In 1878 Daniel M. Eveland retired, and 
Harris & Zeller took charge. Tamaqua then 
boasted of two daily papers — the Item, pub- 
lished by Levi Huppert, and the Courier, by 
Eveland & Harris. They, however, were short- 

In 1 88 1 the Courier partnership was dis- 
solved, Robert Harris becoming the sole pro- 
prietor. The paper has since been published, 
up to June, 1893, as a weekly, when Robert 
Harris made it semi-weekly. It is a four-page. 

six-column paper, independent in politics, and 
. has a good circulation. 

The Tamaqua Recorder was founded in 
May, 1 892, by Robert H. Hirsh, the present 
editor and proprietor. It is a four-page, seven 
column weekly, and has a good local circula- 

Orwigsburg Borough — In Manheim town- 
ship, eight miles east of Pottsville, and three 
miles north of Landingville station, is situated 
Orwigsburg, the early capital and metropolis 
of the county, whose supremacy in numbers 
and civil position departed when coal suc- 
ceeded agriculture as the leading industry of 
the Schuylkill valley. Orwigsburg was laid out 
as a village in 1796, by Peter Or wig, in honor 
of whom it was named, and became a borough 
in 1813. Between 1809 and 1829 the larger 
part of the village was built. The first masonic 
lodge in the county was organized at Orwigs- 
burg, on June 17, 18 1 3, and the First Na- 
tional Bank of that place is considered as one 
of the sound, financial institutions of this 
county. It was organized in 1890 with the 
following officers : H. P. Blakslee, president ; 
Hiester S. Albright, vice-president, and Geo. 
W. Garrett, cashier. 

Shoe manufacturing is now the leading in- 
dustry of the borough. In 1873 Thomas Hoy 
and Solomon Moyer leased the old court 
house at Orwigsburg for a period of ninety-nine 
years. A stock company was organized, of 
which Solomon Moyer was president, "Charles 
Dengler, vice-president ; Thomas Hoy, treas- 
urer, and John T. Shoener, secretary. This 
company was organized as the Orwigsburg 
Shoe Manufacturing Company of Orwigs- 
burg. The original stock was ;^ 10,000, but 
was increased from time to time until it be- 
came ^25,000. Their first machinery was 
worked by foot power. 



The shoe manufacturing firm of H. S. Al- 
bright & Company, was established in 1880, a 
partnership being formed between H. S. Al- 
bright and A. E. Brown, which lasted until 
July 1, 1883, when Mr. Brown was succeeded 
by Geo. C. Diefenderfer. Since that time the 
firm has been known by the above title. Their 
factory is a handsome two and a half story 
frame, with a front of 64 feet, and being 80 
feet in depth. It is well equipped, and they 
employ 75 hands besides having 8 traveling 
salesmen on the road for the popular shoes of 
their manufacture. 

The J. S. Zulick & Co., Shoe Manufacturing 
business, of Orwigsburg, was first commenced 
by George H. Bickley and Hon. John T. 
Shoener, under the firm-name of Bickley & 
Co., which firm continued up to 1 881, when 
T. B. Zulick purchased the interest of Mr. 
Bickley. The firm up to April, 1893, was 
under the style of Shoener & Co. On July i, 
1893, they were succeeded by J. S. Zulick & 
Co., consisting of John S. Zulick and Harry 
M. Zulick. 

Their plant is located on the corner of Cen- 
ter square and Lebanon street. They employ 
twenty-five hands and manufacture 42,000 
pairs of shoes per annum. Their factory is the 
second in the borough in order of age. Their 
specialties are misses', childrens', and infants' 
McKay sewed and Goodyear turned shoes. 

A. E. Brown & Company are among the 
leading shoe manufacturers of Orwigsburg, 
In 1882, this firm was established by A. E. 
Brown, P. W. Fegley and others. In 1889, 
they built their present factory, which is 
located on the corner of Mifflin and Warren 
.streets. It is forty-two feet in front and 
eighty-four feet in depth and two stories high. 
They employ about ninety-four hands, and do 
a large and remunerative business. 

Kepner, Scott & Company are successful 
shoe manufacturers. The business of this 
firm was founded in 1SS5, by \V. CHnton 
Kepner, who became a member of the firm of 
Beck, Haeseler & Compsmy. This continued 
until 1887, when John C. Beck retired, and 
the business was continued under caption of 
Kepner, Haeseler & Company, until 189O. 
Then Mr. Haeseler retired and was superseded 
by Alexander Scott, of Frackville, and the 
firm assumed its present style. Their fac- 
tory is ninety feet front, and forty feet deep, 
being three stories in height. They employ 
seventy-six hands and six traveling salesmen, 
and are known as manufacturers of first-class 

The firm of Folmer & Company was formed 
August, 1889, for the purpose of manufactur- 
ing shoes. It consisted of (jcorLje Folmer, of 
Shenandoah, and C. W. Diefenderfer and 
George J. Irish, of Orwigsburg. The firm 
continued until M.iy 21, 1891,31 which time 
the partners ciiartercd a stock company under 
the name of Folmer & Company. The officers 
are: (ieor^'c Folmer, president; George J. 
Irish, vice-president and superintendent; C. 
\V. Diefenderfer, secretary, and George T. 
Folmer, treasurer. The factory is a frame 
structure, forty by one hundred feet, two 
stories high. They employ one hundred 
hands, and carry on a very successful busi- 

The firm of Eisenhuth & Miller, shoe man- • 
ufacturers, of Orwigsburg, consists of Andrew 
C. Eisenhuth and Alfred Miller. They man- 
ufactured their first pair of shoes on January 
9, 1893. The firm was formed in November, 
1892, and their factory is sixty feet long by 
forty feet wide. They employ forty hands 
and manufacture an excellent grade of chil- 
dren's and infants' shoes. 



In addition to the above enterprises, a flour- 
ishing box factory is located in the borough. 
It is devoted to the manufacture of boxes to 
supply the demands of the flourishing shoe 
trade of the town. 

Orwigsburg has good water works, which 
were put in operation in June, 1885. The 
councilmen at that time were : Thomas Hoy, 
president; Charles H. Haeseler, Thomas 
Anthony, Morgan S. Albright, Jacob Bohr- 
man and William Eltz. The water works are 
the property of the borough. 

The Orwigsburg News, a lively newsy sheet, 
was established in 1889, by Gus. Samuel, by 
whom it has been since conducted. It has a 
good local circulation. 

Minersville Borough. — In Norwegian town- 
ship and four miles distant from Pottsville, by 
the People's Railway, is Minersville, one of 
the populous and enterprising boroughs of 
the county. 

Minersville was laid out in 1830 by Titus 
Bennet, and became a borough in 1831. Its 
name is said to have been derived from the 
fact of so many of its inhabitants being en- 
gaged in coal mining. The first settler was 
Thomas Reed, who, in March, 1793, built a 
saw mill and log house, and afterwards put up 
a tavern and distillery. 

Minersville has grown in population until it 
numbers nearly 4000 people. It has a supply 
of excellent water, and a well-equipped fire 
department. The Minersville Water Com- 
pany was chartered in 1855. The main 
industry of the place, aside from coal mining, 
was the Minersville iron works, which were 
founded in 1838, by William De Haven, who 
commenced with only a blacksmith and a car 
shop. These works are now idle. 

Minersville has an excellent financial insti- 
tution in the First National Bank, which was 

incorporated in 1863 with a capital of ;^50,ooo. 
The first directors were : Richard Kear, 
president ; Samuel Kauffmann, cashier ; Jacob 
Wist, J. S. Lawrence, John Witzeman, John 
Mohan and John Wadlinger. The present 
officers are : Charles R. Kear, president ; 
Charles E. Steel, vice-president; and H. F. 
Potter, cashier. 

The Schuylkill Republican was established 
in 1872 by Charles D. Elliot and John A. 
Beck. In 1874 Mr. Beck retired from the 
firm, and the paper was conducted by Mr. 
Elliot until September, 1879, when J. H. 
Zerbey purchased the establishment and 
operated it there until 1884, when he moved 
the plant to Pottsville. The same year Charles 
E. Steel founded the Free Press, a four page, 
eight column paper, of-Democratic proclivities. 

Girardville Borough. — This important coal, 
railroad and business center of Schuylkill 
county is in Butler township, and was named 
in honor of its founder, the distinguished 
philanthropist, Stephen Girard. 

In 1832 Girard sent agents to develop his 
large tracts of anthracite land in Schuylkill 
county, and to build a railroad, whose early 
completion was delayed by the death of its 
illustrious projector. The site of Girardville 
was on one of these tracts, and its first build- 
ings were a hotel and real estate ofifice. In 
1862 it had a hundred inhabitants, and the 
opening of ten collieries within a few miles 
of the place caused so rapid a development of 
the town that it became a borough in 1872. 
Girardville now numbers nearly 4000 of a 
population, and has an excellent bank, the 
First National, which was organized in Octo- 
ber, 1890, with a capital stock of ^50,000. 
Its first officers were E. C. Wagner, president; 
C. D. Kaier, vice-president; and Jesse H. 
Babb, cashier. Mr. Kaier has been succeeded 



as vice-president by Albert Bordy. Its origi- 
nal directors were: Wagner, Kaier, D. P. 
Brown, J. C. Biddle, W. J. Yeo, Albert Bordy, 
J. E. Haas, Thomas Bracey, and G. W. Barn- 
hard. From this board of directors Kaier and 
Haas have retired, and Peter Griffiths, W. H. 
Lewis and Moses Mervine have been elected 
to succeed them. 

The electric railway of the Schuylkill Trac- 
tion Company passes through the borough, 
giving it an easy and desirable means of com- 
munication with the many neighboring towns. 
The Palace Theatre Company organized in 
1890 with Em. K. Becker, president; J. M. 
Glick, secretary ; and Louis Blass, treasurer, 
has given the borough a theatre, which for 
the completeness of its equipment and ap- 
pointments, would do honor to many a larger 

The borough is well supplied with water, 
owning its own water works, whilst through 
the Girard Gas Company, good lighting fa- 
cilities are provided. The officers of the latter 
company are : Louis Blass, president, and 
J. M. Glick, secretary. , 

The Press and Times via& founded in 1878 
by J. J. Weightman and Col. T. F. Hoffman, 
who conducted the paper until 1880, when 
it was purchased by B. J. Arnold and B. J. 
Smith, who published it for one year, when 
Mr. Arnold became the sole proprietor and 
continued as such down to 1890, when his 
son Albert became editor and proprietor. 
The paper was known as the Girardville 
Gazette until July, 1893, when it was changed 
to the Press and Times. It is republican in 

In March, 1892, Christian Eberle, with 
Philip Blass, under the firm-name of Eberle & 
Blass, engaged in the manufacture of overalls, 
in which they have since continued. 

Schuylkill Haven Borough. — Four miles 
south from Pottsville, at the junction of the 
east and west branches of the Schuylkill river 
lies Schuylkill Haven, one of the largest 
boroughs and chief industrial centres of the 
county. The place was laid out by Jacob 
Dreibelbis about 1 8 1 1 , and became a borough 
by act of assembly. May 23, 1840. On the 
line of two railways, it is also the terminus ot 
the West Branch or Mine Hill Railroad. The 
founder of Schuylkill Haven was Martin 
Dreibelbis, who came from Berks county 
before the Revolutionary war, and built a saw 
and grist mill on the site of the present boat- 
yard. The village grew with the development 
of the coal trade. In 1832 East Schuylkill 
Haven and Kugler's addition were laid out. 

"Schuylkill Haven has been an important 
point for the shipment of coal since the com- 
pletion of the West Branch or Mine Hill 
railroad, which has its terminus here, and 
which has connections with the system of 
railroads that ramify through the coal regions. 
Since the abandonment of that portion of the 
Schuylkill navigation above, it has been the 
point of shipment for all the coal tonnage that 
passed over that navigation. An extensive 
system of docks early came into existence 
here. These have been much changed by 
reason of casualties by floods, and exigencies 
to which changes in railroad management 
have given rise. It has, since the completion 
.of the Schuylkill navigation, been a point 
where boat building has been extensively car- 
ried on." 

The rolling mill of the Schuylkill Haven 
Iron Company, was erected in 1870, by the 
Direct Iron Company, to change ore into 
iron, but two years later was changed to a 
rolling mill proper. The Schuylkill Haven 
Iron Works manufacture merchant bar iron. 



truck bolts and railroad spikes, and make a 
specialty of horse-shoe bars. 

The borough has kept pace in local im- 
provements with the other boroughs of the 
county. The Schuylkill Haven Gas and 
Water Company was organized in 1881, for 
the purpose of supplying Schuylkill Haven 
and Cressona with gas and water. It is a 
stock company with a capital of ^75,000 in 
bonds and ^106,000 in stock. 

Caleb A. Home, of Philadelphia, has been 
president of it since its organization. 

G. S. Loyer, of Roxborough, Philadelphia, 
has also been secretary of it since its organi- 

William B. Rudy was treasurer from organ- 
ization up to January i, 1891, when G. S. 
Moyer succeeded to that position, which he 
still holds. 

Henry Steck, of Philadelphia, was manager 
from 1 88 1 to 1884, when William H. Mellon, 
of Schuylkill Haven, succeeded him. 

In 1882 this company began to supply gas, 
and in 1885 water works were put in operation. 

In 1 89 1 the borough of Schuylkill Haven 
put up an electric light plant which is used to 
light the streets and most of the business 

The industrial development of the borough 
within the last few years has been rapid and 
substantial. The knitting mills and shoe fac- 
tories, of which there are quite a number 
within the borough, are all substantial and 
thrifty enterprises, that give employment to 
quite a number of people and add very much 
to the material prosperity of the place. 

Port Carbon Borough. — A prosperous coal 
and railroad town of Schuylkill county, is 
Port Carbon, which is situated in East Nor- 
wegian township and east of Pottsville. 

Port Carbon was laid out under the name 

of Middleport, between 1821 and 1828, by 
John Pott, the founder of Pottsville. In 1828 
Mr. Pott sold a tract of land embracing the 
village, to Jacob W. Seitzinger and William 
Wetherill, who re-named the place Port 
Carbon, because it was a shipping port for 
large quantities of coal. Port Carbon was 
incorporated as a borough in April, 1852. Of 
its suburbs, Lawtonville, Irishtown and 
Rhodes' addition were laid out in 1829; Acre- 
town in the succeeding year, and Mechanics- 
ville, in 1836, by John and Robert Young. 
Philip Faust was the first resident. The first 
store was opened by Samuel Christman in 
1827, and Dr. William Hansel became the 
pioneer physician of the place. Railroad 
communication was opened with Philadelphia 
in 1845, while postal facilities had been secured 
sixteen years earlier, in May, 1829, when the 
Port Carbon post office was established with 
Elisha Warne as postmaster. The borough 
has grown slowly, and within the last decade 
has gained over five hundred in population. 

The iron industry dates back to 1865, when 
Z. P. Boyer built a rolling mill. He sooa 
added a furnace, and in 1878 the entire plant 
became the property of the Philadelphia and 
Reading Railroad Company. 

The Franklin Iron Works were erected in 
1863, by Allison & Bannan, on the site of the 
former works built by Alfred Brook in 1 842. 

Robert Allison took charge of the Brook 
works in 186 1, they having previously been 
abandoned. He repaired them and partially 
rebuilt them, and they have since been con- 
tinuously operated by him in conjunction with 
other parties. 

From 1861 to 1878 the firm-name was Alli- 
son & Bannan, and from 1878 to 1888 the busi- 
ness was carried on by Allison alone; since 
1888 the plant has been conducted by Allison . 



& Sons. They manufacture mining machinery, 
which has a wide sale throughout the United 
States and in Canada and Australia. The 
works give employment to about loo men. 

One of the latest industries of the place is 
shoe manufacturing, which was inaugurated in 
1893 by the Philadelphia Shoe Manufacturing 
Company, of Port Carbon. 

The Port Carbon Electric Light, Heat and 
Power Company was organized on February 
21, 1890, with a capital stock of llio.CKX). The 
following officers of the company have served 
from 1890 to the present time : G. W. Heebner, 
president ; W. W. Turner, secretary ; Robert 
Allison, treasurer; and W. H. Brenner, super- 
intendent. The directors are : J. M^. Oren, 
Isaiah Cartwright, W. H. Brenner, John Crane, 
Robert Allison, W. W. Turner, W. H. Carey 
and G. W. Heebner. 

Tremont Borough. — This place is situated in 
the eastern part of Tremont township, and is 
one of the prosperous boroughs of the county. 
No buildings of any consequence were erected 
here prior to 1844. The post office was es- 
tablished in 1848, with John B. Zeibach as first 
postmaster. It was incorporated as a borough 
in 1866, has a population of over 2000, and 
owes its progress and prosperity to the exten- 
sive mining interests near it. In addition to 
these enterprises, the borough contains the 
Tremont Engine and Boiler Works, operated 
by a stock company, of which William K. 
Schwenk is president, and Hon. C. W. Brower 
secretary and manager. These works were 
originally established in 1847 by Umholtz & ; 
Lentz as the Tremont Iron Works. 

water works. They had their origin in 1870, 
when Isaac P. Bechtel constructed a small res- 
ervoir for private purposes. In 1874 the Tre- 
mont Water and Gas Company, a stock com- 
pany, was organized, with Isaac P. Bechtel as 
president, in which position he served until his 
death in 1892, since which time Zechariah 
Batdorff has been its president. 

The place supports two papers ; the Tremont 
News is edited and published by U. G. Bat- 
dorff, and the M'ist Schuylkill Press, ioTmer\y 
owned and edited by Hon. S. C. Kirk, but since 
1884 has been owned and ably edited by John 
A. Bechtel. 

St. Clair Borough. — One of the important 
boroughs of Schuylkill county, formed from 
the northwestern part of Kast Norwegian 
township, and located on the Philadelphia and 
Reading and the Pennsylvania Railroads, four 
miles distant from Pottsvillc is St Clair. It 
was first settled about the beginning of the 
present century by Michael Boechtel,a farmer, 
who was followed by John Malone, a lumber 
dealer, the Nicholas family and others. 
Among the early industries of the village 
were a cider-mill and two saw-mills. In 183 1 
Carey, Lee and Hart purcha.sed a tract of land 
from St. Clair Nicholas, on which they laid 
out the first street, and christened the new 
village Sl Clair, from the first name of its 
former owner. The village then contained 
but forty or fifty inhabitants; but it has since 
grown until now it contains a population of 
nearly four thousand. In the year 1829 the 
Mill Creek Railroad was built from Port Car- 
bon to that place; the cars were drawn on 

The First National Bank of Tremont was wooden rails by horses. This road was sup- 
organized in 1865, and continued to do busi- planted by the Mill Creek branch of the Phil- 
ness until 1879, when it voluntarily closed, adelphia and Reading, built to St. Clair and 
paying up all deposits. ' New Castle in 1845. In 1842 Burd S. Pattcr- 

The borough is provided with well-equipped son began work on the St. Clair furnace, 



which was suspended in 1844. It was com- 
pleted in 1 864 and purchased by James Lang- 
ton, who operated it until 1 873, when it was 

St. Clair was incorporated as a borough on 
May 9, 1850. Among its first officers were: 
Jacob Metz, president of the council, and 
Chas. Lawton, chief burgess. The principal 
industry upon which the prosperity of the 
town is dependent is the many collieries lying 
adjacent to the borough. The Orchard, Prim- 
rose, Peach Orchard, Holms and Mammoth 
veins of coal have been and are now most suc- 
cessfully mined. 

The Miners' Supply Company was founded 
in 1870 by S. L. Daddovv and Jesse Beadle, 
who, under the firm-name of Daddow & Beadle, 
manufactured safety squibs successfully up to 
the death of Mr. Daddow, since which time 
the business has been managed by his son H. 
L. Daddow. Messrs. Daddow and Beadle 
were the inventors of the famous miners' 
safety squjb. St. Clair has a fine water works 
and a good fire department. In 1892 the 
, borough put in an electric light plant, of 
which J. W. Reese has been superintendent 
since its establishment. 

Gilberton Borough lies in the valley of the 
Mahanoy creek, and was formed from a part 
of West Mahanoy township lying north of the 
Broad Mountain. It was chartered in 1873, 
and the first election was held on March ist, 
of that year, resulting in the election of E. S. 
Seaman as chief burgess, and Joseph Byers, 
John Hulihan, John Brennan, John Shandy 
and William Ryan as councilmen. It consists 
of three wards known as East (Gilberton), 
Middle (Maizeville) and West (Mahanoy 

Mahanoy Plane was named from the incline 
plane which connects the Mill Creek Railway 

with the Mahanoy and Shamokin branch of 
the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad. Many 
tons of coal are daily hoisted over the moun- 
tain by means of these planes, which require 
twenty-eight engines and eighty-three men to 
operate the stationary and hoisting engines. 
In the village is located a repair shop, and it 
is made the headquarters of a division of the 
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad. The col- 
lieries in the immediate vicinity are the Bear 
Ridge Collieries and the Lawrence Colliery. 

Maizeville, the Middle Ward, was named 
after one of the founders of the Stanton Col- 
liery, and is located on the Philadelphia and 
Reading Railroad. The establishment of the 
(Grilberton and Draper Collieries gave rise to 
the founding of the village of Gilberton. It 
constitutes the East Ward of the borough. 
These three villages of the borough of Gilber- 
ton all are located on the electric road of the 
Schuylkill Traction Company. 

Pine Grove Borough, one of the oldest bor- 
oughs of the county, is located in the eastern 
part of Pine Grove township, on Swatara 
Creek. The village was first named Swal- 
lowtown, later Barrstown, and later took its 
present name from a grove of pines which 
has since disappeared. 

It was laid out in 1830 by J. Milner Roberts, 
Jacob Gunkel becoming the first settler and 
resident within the present borough limits in 
1 77 1. It was incorporated as a borough in 
1832. Tobias Rickel built, in 1810, Pine 
Grove Forge, and sold it in 18 19 to Peter 
Filbert, who erected an edge tool factory, 
known as the " Tilt-Hammer Forge." They 
were abandoned in 1828. The first tannery 
in the place was established in 18 10 by Jona- 
than Gerdel, who operated it until 1824. It 
later became tlje property of Levi Miller, who 
operated it until 1856, when it was rented by 


Daniel Gensemer, and is now operated by his 
two sons, George W., and Harry L. John 
Derby built a foundry in 1845, which was 
burned in 1852. The Pine Grove Hera/d was 
established in 1878 by Alfred Gilbert, who has 
ever since been its editor and proprietor. 

Pa/o Alto Borough. — Benjamin Richards 
and William H. Warder, both of Philadelphia, 
formerly owned the ground upon which Palo 
Alto now stands. The borough was incor- 
porated in 1854, and is about two miles long, 
extending along the base of the Sharp Moun- 
tains, and is bounded on the north by the 
boroughs of Pottsville and Port Carbon. It 
was laid out in 1844, by John G. Hewes. 
The impetus which contributed to the rapid 
growth of the place was the fact that at the 
time of its laying out it was the northern term- 
inus of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad 
and the Schuylkill Navigation. In 1854 and 
1855 William Harris built an extensive roll- 
ing mill just above the bridge between the rail- 
road and the river. Benjamin 1 laywood, who 
had become owner of the former, built another 
in 1863 on the opposite side of the railroad. 
The two constituted what was known as the 
Palo Alto Roiling Mills, and were owned by 
Benjamin Haywood at the time of his death, 
in 1879. He had developed a large business 
and operated them for a number of years 
with none other than the benevolent purpose 
of giving employment to the men. About a 
mile from the rolling mills stand the round- 
iiouse and repair-shops of the Philadelphia & 
Reading Railroad, which give employment to 
quite a number of men, and are ably superin- 
tended by William M Stell wagon. 

VoikvilU- Borough joins Pottsville on the 
west, and was incorporated on March 8, 1865. 
It takes its name from the York farm, which 
was so called because it once belonged to the 

New York and Schuylkill Coal Company. The 
village was surveyed and laid out in 1 S44 by 
Samuel Lewis, for Care>', Lea & Blanchard, 
Abraham Hart, and the Miners' Bank of Potts- 
ville. The borough is one-and-one-half miles 
long from east to west, and has an average 
width of one mile. It is the western terminus 
of the Schuylkill Electric Railway, which 
gives it easy and rapid transit to Pottsville, 
Palo Alto, Port Carbon, and Tumbling Run. 

Tower City Borough. — The rapidly ;^rowing 
borough of Tdwct City was named after 
Charlemagne Tower, who resided in Potts- 
ville at the time of tlic laying out of the vil- 
lage in 1868, but who afterward removed to 
Philadelphia, where he died. It was incor- 
porated as a borough on December 19, 1S9J. 
It is situati <l in Porter township, and is sur- 
rounded by a very thrifty farming community, 
but is dependent chiefly for its prosperity upon 
the collieries within easy reach. It is well 
supplied with churches, and has a first-class 
graded school. The \'<il!iv l-.cho. the only 
newspaper in the borough, was fouiuied by 
Dr. Robert B. Wilson on December 9, iHy^; 
it is a four-page, eight-column sheet, pub- 
lished ever)- Saturday morning, and has a 
good local circulation. 

Auburn Borough. — In South Manhcim 
township, on the Schuylkill river, is the pleas- 
ant and important town of Auburn, whose 
early name was " Scotchman's Lock." Sam- 
uel K. Mo\er, a boatman, eighteen years after 
the opening of the canal, built the first house 
and kept a store. In 1S42, the Philadelphia 
and Reading Railroad Company established a 
station and changed the name of the village 
from " Scotchman's Lock " to that of Auburn. 
Boat-building became a helping industry to 
the place, which secured a postoffice in 11^46, 
with Isaac Hoffmeister as first postmaster. 



In 1854, the Susquehanna and Schuylkill 
Railroad was completed to the town. In 
1857, Auburn was incorporated as a borough, 
and now contains a population of nearly one 
thousand people. 

Its latest industry is " The Auburn Bolt and 
Nut Works." The company was incorpor- 
ated under state authorities and organized in 
April, 1887. The board of directors at that 
time consisted of nine members : A. K. 
Frederici, Charles E. Quail, Joseph Frederici, 
James Raush, J. H. . Diefenderfer, Henry 
Kimmel, and W. H. Diefenderfer. Dr. Charles 
E. Quail, president, Henry Kimmel, teasurer, 
and W; H. Diefenderfer, secretary. 

The works having been completed in the 
spring of 1888, were leased May i, 1888, to 
D. J. Driscoll, of Reading, Pennsylvania, for 
five years. When the lease expired May i , 
1893, the shareholders sold their stock to 
D. J. Driscoll, who reorganized the company, 
with James Nolan as president ; W. S. Rourke, 
secretary, and D. J. Driscoll, treasurer. The 
works were then leased to D. J. Driscoll, who 
has successfully operated them ever since. 
These works represent an investment of 

New Ringgold Borough was named in honor 
. of Major Ringgold, the first ofificer who fell 
in the Mexican war. Daniel Focht originally 
owned the ground upon which the borough 
now stands; but in 1863 it became the prop- 
erty of F. W. Hughes, who laid it out in 1867. 
The village was made a borough in 1877, and 
Paul Bock was elected its first burgess. The 
first public house, known as the Half-Way- 
House, was kept by Charles Focht.. In 1850, 
Daniel and Abraham Long erected a tannery 
in the village, and for a number of years did 
a profitable business ; but it at last grew un- 
profitable and was abandoned. It is located 

on the Little Schuylkill branch of the Phila- 
delphia and Reading Railroad, and has been 
a station since 1862. 

Middleport Borough is situated in the south- 
eastern portion of Blythe township, on the 
Schuylkill Valley Railroad. According to 
traditional history, Adam Stahl, whose 
descendants became large land owners, was 
the first settler. In 1829, Jacob Huntzinger 
purchased a tract of land north of the railroad 
above mentioned. Soon afterward, however, 
he associated with him one Mr. Rausch, and 
in about 1829 the land was laid out in build- 
ing lots and offered for sale by them. 

The remainder of the territory within the 
borough limits and south of the railroad was 
owned by the Da Costas. Among the pioneer 
business men of Middleport was Jacob Hunt- 
zinger, who opened a store in the spring of 
1829; and Messrs. Furguson & Jones, who 
established the second store in May, 1830. 

On May 2, 1859, the borough council ot 
Middleport first met. The first burgess was 
Charles Bensinger. 

Gordon Borough. — The borough of Gordon 
was incorporated in 1891. The land upon 
which the borough now stands was originally 
patented to the Kunckle family, and later 
came into the possession of the McKnight 
family, of Reading, who laid out a village 
which they named after Judge Gordon, of 
Reading. The building of the Mine Hill and 
Schuylkill Haven railroads, and the surveying 
and staking out of the planes was the influ- 
ence which attracted immigrants to the place. 
The planes, a great mechanical achievement, 
were completed in 1855. By means of these 
planes thousands of tons of coal are daily 
lifted over the mountain, thus forming an out- 
let for a large field unavailable by means of 
the ordinary railroad. It contains the repair 



shops and round-house of the railroad com- 
pany, and its growth and prosperity have been 
steady and substantial since the completion 
of the plane. 

Port Clinton Borough. — The Commonwealth 
of Pennsylvania, on January 30, 18 16, granted 
to Lenhard Rishel the land in and around 
Port Clinton. The village was laid out in 
1829, and incorporated as a borough in 1850. 
It is situated at the junction of the Little 
Schuylkill division of the Philadelphia and 
Reading Railroad with the main line of that 
road from Philadelphia to Pottsville, and the 
leading business consists in the shipment of 
coal from the mines in the vicinity of Tama- 
qua, twenty miles distant. 

Mount Carbon Borough, a suburb of Potts- 
ville, is located in the northern part of North 
Manheim township, just south of the borough 
limits. Among its early residents were : 
Lewis Murphy, Joseph Porter and Nicho 
Allen, the latter of whom was engaged in the 
lumber and saw-mill business. During the 
early history of Schuylkill county, Mount 
Carbon was a town of considerable commer- 
cial importance, being the head of Schuyl- 
kill navigation and the terminus of the 
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad. But 
since the opening of the Union Canal, the com- 
pletion of the Mine Hill Railroad, and the 
extension of the Reading to Pottsville, the 
town has made very little progress. In 1864 
it was incorporated as a borough. 

The Mount Carbon Brewery — the only bus- 
iness enterprise of any considerable import- 
ance of the borough of Mount Carbon — was 
erected in 1886, .\nd put in operation in May 
of the following year by G. Lorenz Schmidt. 
He conducted the business successfully until 
his death, August 20, 1893, since which time 
it has been operated by the estate. 

Frackville Borough. — In West Mahanoy 
township, at the great coal plane, is Frack- 
ville, founded by David Frack, in 1852. He 
opened a hotel, and in 1861 laid off a part of 
his land — " Girard Place" — into a village 
called Frackville, which became a borough on 
April 10, 1876. Samuel Haupt, in 1854, pur- 
chased a farm adjoining Frack, and laid out a 
village called Mountain City, that is to-day a 
part of the borough of Frackville, whose pop- 
ulation is now nearly three thousand. 

On May 25, 1876, the first borough election 
was held, the result of which was the election 
of D. P. Haupt, as chief burgess, and Henry 
Parton, A. Bone, Reuben Wagner, Robert 
McXealy. William 1^. Dersher, and H. C. 
Wagiper, as councilmen. The first school 
building was erected in 1S62, on a lot pre- 
sented by Mr. Haupt. Since then the schools 
have made rapid progress, and are now kept 
in a fine brick building. 

The borough is prosperous and progressive, 
and in modem conveniences is well up to the 

The Frackville and Gilberton Light, Heat 
and Power Company, which supplies IVack- 
ville, Gilberton and Mahanoy Plane with 
light, was organized in 1891, with an author- 
ized capital of forty thousand dollars, twelve 
thousand of which is paid up. The officers 
upon organization were : Dr. David Taggart, 
president; Dr. C. A. Bleiler, secretary, Charles 
C. Wagner, treasurer, and L. C. Anstock, 

New PhUadelpliia Borough was incorporated 
as such in 1868. The first settler in the place 
was Shadrach llord, and the first burgess was 
Charles Tanner. Andrew Bubb and Nathan 
Barlow built the first two houses within the 
borough limits, these were the on!) two 
houses within the borough limits in 1*41. 



The first church at New Philadelphia was 
the Lutheran church, built in 1852. The 
borough is situated in Blythe township, on 
the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad. 

Landingville Borough is one of the young- 
est boroughs of the county, and is situated in 
North Manheim township, three miles from 
Schuylkill Haven, on the Philadelphia and 
Reading Railroad. It contains one hotel and 
two flourishing shoe factories. 

Cressona Borough. — To the Mine Hill and 
Schuylkill Haven Railroad, Cressona owes its 
existence. Cressona is in West Branch Val- 
ley, in North Manheim township, and its site 
was owned by Thomas Sillyman, who sold it 
to John C. Cresson, then president of the 
above-named railroad. Cresson laid ouk the 
town, and it bore the name of West Haven 
until 1857, when R. A. Wilder secured a 
charter for it as a borough, by the name of 
Cresson, in honor of President Cresson, its 
founder. The leasing of the Mine Hill Rail- 
road by the Reading Company, when the 
former was about to be extended to the Le- 
high river, was hurtful for many years to the 
borough. But of late years Cressona has 
recovered its prosperity, and has increased its 
population from 826 in i860, to 1,481 in 

Delano Borough was organized in 1881, 
and is situated in Rush township. It is a rail- 
road town. The repair shops of the, Lehigh 
Valley Railroad located here in 1866, and 
formed the starting point of the village. Here 
are also located the bridge works of the same 

Townships. — Schuylkill county contains 
thirty-six townships, which will be briefly 
noticed in alphabetical order. The popula- 
tion of these townships will be given under 
the bead of statistics of population. 

Barry Township. — Barry was erected in 
1 82 1 from Norwegian and Schuylkill town- 
ships, and among its original settlers were 
John Garivy, John Bailey, and the Yarnall 
family, from New Jersey. 

In 181 5 Charles Marwine came from Phila- 
delphia, and John Clauntz, John Heter, and 

Shupert, from Berks county. Dr. George 

Long was the first resident physician ; and the 
first school-house was erected in 1820. The 
free-school system went into operation in the 
township in 1847. 

A grist-mill was erected in 18 10 where the 
Isaac Reed mill now stands, and another was 
built some twenty years later on Deep creek, 
and in the west part of the township Daniel 
Klinger built a mill in 1 840. The first saw- 
mill was built by George Kessler on Deep 
creek about 1815. A small tannery was 
erected at an early day by a man of the 
name of Johnson, on the banks of Mahanoy 
creek. The opening of a foundry by John 
Otto in 1845 took place. It was sold in 1865 
to John Fisher, who carried on the manu- 
facture of coffee mills until 1869 when it was 
destroyed by fire. 

Barry is bounded by Northumberland 
county, and Eldred, Hegins, Foster and But- 
ler townships. The principal villages in the 
township are : Tailorsville, at which the first 
post-office, Barry, was established, and Weis- 
hample was named for J. F. Weishample, an 
itinerant preacher of the Winebrennerian sect, 
about 1855. 

Mabel post-office was established in 1869, 
with Isaac F. Betz as postmaster. Barry 
station on the Shamokin branch of the Phila- 
delphia and Reading Railroad was established 
in the summer of 1880. 

Blythe Township. — In 1846, Blythe was 
formed from Schuylkill township. Blythe is 



bounded by Ryan, Schuylkill, Walker, West 
Brunswick, North Manheim, East Norwegian, 
and New Castle townships. It was named in 
honor of Judge Blythe. Of the early settlers 
but little is to be found. They were farmers, and 
few in number, until the opening of the Schuyl- 
kill Canal. The central portion of the town- 
ship, east and west, is in the coal belt of the 
first coal field. The first colliery was prior to 
1850, and on the Mammoth vein at Silver 
Creek. The first post-office was established 
in May, 1830, at Middleport, with Jacob 
Huntzinger as postmaster. Valley Furnace 
was built about 1804, or 1805, by Rev. 
F. W. Geisenheimcr & Co., and after being 
rebuilt in 1835-36, ran for several yc.irs. 

Mr. Geisenheimcr was a New Yorker and a 
.scientific man, and under his direction the 
furnace improved from year to year. Prior tci 
1836 many experiments had been made in the 
manufacture of iron with coal as a heating; 
agent. In this year, with the assistance of 
Abraham Pott, he triumphed and succeeded 
in obtaining the iron separate from the cinder. 
During the year 1836 Governor Ritncr visited 
the furnace, and was much gratified with what 
he saw of the successful new process in iron 
manufacture. Blythe township has two 
boroughs, Middleport and New Philadelphia, 
within its borders. 

Branch 7bzf«i/«>. —Branch was formed in 
1836, from Norwegian. It has been reduced 
in area by a portion of Frailey township being 
taken from it, in 1847; all of Cass in 1848; 
and a part of Rcilly in 1857. The township 
is bounded by Cass, Minersville. Norwegian, 
North Manheim, Wayne and Reilly town- 
shit)s. A large part of Branch township is in- 
cluded in the first coal field. Settlements were 
commenced prior to 1750, and of the early 
settlers were Philip and George Clauser, the 

Adams family, Andrew Steitzel, Jacob llinic. 
Mark Britton, Abraham and Jacob Faust, the 
Biddle family, and Thomas Reed. The first 
coal mine was opened on Salem River, in i S3 1 . 
The main villages of the township are Lle- 
wellyn, Dowdentown, West Wood and Phttnix 
Park. Llewellyn is the largest. It is situated 
two miles south-west of Minersville, and was 
named after a coal miner. 

Early schools were held in private rooms 
furnished for the purpose by liberally disposed 
settlers. The pioneer teacher was Philip Del- 
camp, followed shortly after by John Clark 
and Henry Miller. The first public school 
was held in a room in a private building, 
built, owned and occupied by .\braham 
I'"aust in 1834. 

Butler Tmvnship. — In 1S48. Butler was 
formed from Barry township. It is bounded 
by Nortliiinibcrland and Columbia opunties. 
and Union, West Mahanoy, New Castle, (ass. 
Foster and Barr)* townslii|)s. Nicholas Selt- 
zinger, tradition s.iys, made a clearing at 
Fountain Springs in 1795. About iSoi came 
several Seitzingers, the Fausts and Rodeii- 
burgers. Gordon, once called Mount lli)|>-, 
grew up with the building of the Mine Hill 
and Schuylkill Haven Railroad and the coal 
planes that lift from fifteen hundred to two 
thousand cars of coal daily over the mountain. 
Ashland and Girardville boroughs were cat ve< I 
from the territory of the township. The prin- 
cipal villages of Butler township, are : Locust 
Dale, — George C Potts opened the first col- 
liery here and began the shipment of coal in 
1858; Fountain Springs, the earliest post 
office in the township was settled as early as 
1801, by the Seitzinger family; the Miners' 
Hospital is located here; Big Mine Run had 
its existence in the opening of the Bast & 
Taylor collieries in 1.S54; Holmcsvillc, Con- 



nor's, Rappahannock and Rocktown, are 
small villages whose existence was due to 
the coal industry. 

Cass Township. — West of the geographical 
centre of the county is Cass township, which 
was formed from Branch, in 1848. It is 
bounded by Butler, New Castle, Norwegian, 
Branch, Reilly and Foster townships. A 
Mr. Alspach is said to have been the first 
settler in the township. Pioneer life in Cass 
was arduous and uninviting. 

In the southern portion of the township 
the farmers found, in the process of culti- 
vating their farms, arrow heads, spear heads, 
stone hatchets and other aboriginal relics, 
and though it does not appear that any con- 
siderable Indian village was ever located 
within the township lines, these are proof that 
the savages at least frequented the section. 

The first coal mine opened was in 1831, on 
the Block Heath vein. Numerous collieries are 
now worked in the township. Mining opera- 
tions have tended largely to the village 
growth. The principal villages of Cass town- 
ship are : Mackleysburg, Heckscherville, Coal 
Castle, Forestville, Woodside, Jonestown, 
Thomaston, Sheaffer's Hill, Mine Hill Gap and 
Delaware village. 

The most important of these are Forest- 
ville and Heckscherville, which were built up 
under the auspices of the Forest Improvement 
Company. This corporation opened up stores 
and carried on a general business in the town- 
ship a number of years. 

East Brunswick Township. — One of the 
farming and manufacturing townships of 
Schuylkill county is East Brunswick, which 
was erected in 1834, from Brunswick town- 
ship. It is bounded by Walker, West Penn 
and West Brunswick townships, and Berks 
and Lehigh counties. The first settlers in the 

township were : Daniel, Jacob and Frederick 
Bensinger, Ulrich Heiser, Daniel Swebb, 
Daniel Koening, Christopher Boyer, George 
Buchert, John Bolick, Abraham Seltzer, 
Christian Koch, Bernhard Kepner, Andrew 
Benkes, and John Kenear. The Bensingers, 
Philip Schwartz and John Kenear erected 
the first log cabins. The first brick 
house in the township was built by Daniel 
Kerschner. The first grist mill was built 
about a mile below New Ringgold. In 18 12 
was built the little Schuylkill forge, that was 
succeeded in 1 867 by a large forge, which 
was afterwards changed into a steel factory. 
In 1829 Susannah forge was built, and some 
years later was converted into a rolling mill, 
that was run until 1850. Hecla forge was 
erected in 1830, and Mount Vernon forge in 

The chief villages of the township are : 
McKeansburg, for many years the most prom- 
inent village in this section, it was laid out 
in 1803, and was named in honor of Governor 
McKean ; Hecla was surveyed and laid out in 
lots in 185 1, by Mathias Richards; Drehrs- 
ville and Rausch's Station are merely railway 
stations. In 1835 the first attempt was made 
to adopt the common-school system in East 
and West Brunswick township, by creating an 
independent school district out of a portion 
of East Brunswick and calling it McKeans- 
burg. This attempt was finally successful, 
and was followed in 1849 by two more inde- 
pendent districts. They were South Bruns- 
wick and Center districts. The first school- 
house in the township in which the children 
were taught in English was erected in Mc- 
Keansburg. The first resident physician was 
Dr. Daniel Foltz, whilst the first church was a 
log building built over a century ago, one- 
half mile from New Ringgold. It was 



a union church, built by the Dutch Reformed 
and Lutheran congregations. 

East Norwegian Township. — This township 
was taken from Norwegian in 1811, and is 
bounded by Norwegian, New Castle, Blythe 
and North Manheim townships. Among the 
early .settlers on or near Mill Creek were: 
Peter Mewschwander, John Hughs, Philip Del- 
camp, John and Conrad Heim, and Solomon, 
Jacob, Peter and George Reep. The earlier 
villages were Coquenac and Mill Creek. 
Mining is the great interest in the township. 
Crow Hollow drift was opened on the Mam- 
moth in 1 83 1. The sinking of Pine Forest 
shaft was commenced May 5, 1864, and 
reached completion in November, 

East Union Toivnsliip. — In 1867 I'.ast Union 
was formed from Union, Rush and M;ili.ini>y 
townships. It is bounded by Union, North 
Union, Klein, Mahanoy and Rush townshipn, 
and Luzerne county. ( )f the first settlers of 
any note, who came in 1802, we have account 
of Thomas and William Goottschall. The 
township contains two villages, Brandonville 
and Torbert. 

Brandonville is a post village on the Cata- 
wissa Valley Railroad. It was laid out in 
1864 by Nelson Brandon, who owned the land 
on which it is located. The post office was 
established in 1868, and Rudolph Breisch was 
made first postmaster. 'Torbert is a pleasant 
hamlet, and is doubtless as well and favorably 
known from being the residence of Hon. Wil- 
liam S. Torbert, as from any other reason. 
The estate of Mr. Torbert covers about seven 
thousand acres. 

E/dnd Tinvnship. — Eldred was erected, in 
1848, from Upper Mahantongo township, and 
is bounded by Northumberland county and 
Barry, Hegins, Hubley and Upper Mahan- 
tongo townships. Between 1805 and 1808 

Caspar Heplar, Jacob Reinart, Samuel Dres- 
chler and John Bescher came into the town- 
ship. The main villages are Pitman and 
Helfenstein, named for Judge William L. 

The Schuylkill basin touches this town in 
such a way as to indicate a favorable mining 
location, and in 1868 Judge William HclKn- 
stein, of Pottsville, induced the firm oi Bittlc. 
Gilerman & Robison to open a colliery at the 
point which now bears his name. The first 
coal was shipped from here in 1S70, over the 
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad. The 
Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Com- 
[lany purchased the interest of Judge Helfen- 
stein in 1.S72, and continued t.> operate the 
mines until 1877 when work in them was sus- 

I-'ostcr Ttnvnship. — This township was erected 
in 1855 from Butler, Barry .uul Cass town 
ships. Fo.ster is bounded by Barry, Butler, 
Hegins, Frailcy, Reilly and Cass townshijis. 
( )f its earlier .settlers no accurate account lias 
been preserved. The southern coal field ex- 
tends into the town.ship, and mining is carried 
on at Mt. Pleasant, Glen Carbon and other 
points near those two places. The Mt. 
Pleasant, Glen Carbon, Glendower and Taylor 
collieries some years ago passed into the 
hands of the Philadelphia and Reading Coal 
and Iron Company. 

In 1 83 1 Widow Levan kept a tavern in an 
old log-house on the site of Mount Pleasant. 
This village grew up under the impetus given 
to the neighborhood by coal operations in the 
vicinity by John Graham and others. Glen 
Carbon, in the south-eastern part of the town- 
ship is a post village. 

Frailey Tctvnship. — This township was 
named in honor of Associate Judge Charles 
Frailey, and was formed in 1847 from Branch, 



Barry, Porter and Lower Mahantongo town- 
ships. It is bounded by Hegins, Barry, Reilly, 
Tremont and Porter townships. The first 
settler, Black Charley, a colored man, erected 
a log hut near Donaldson, where he lived a 
hermit life. Of the other early settlers Major 
Wilham Colt, Captain Samuel Gaskins, David 
Lomison, Mahlon McCloughton, Adam Etien 
and Jacob Crone were the- most prominent. 
Donaldson is the only village of any impor- 
tance. It was named in honor of William 
Donaldson, who owned the land when the 
village was laid out. The village is situated 
nearly in the center of Frailey, east and west, 
at the foot of the Broad Mountains, and about 
one-half mile from the southern boundary of 
the township. The first building erected was 
the Franklin House, in 1842, or 1843. The 
first physician in the village was Dr. Cameron. 
Daniel Lomison was the first post-master. 

Hegins Township. — This township was erec- 
ted in 1853 from Lower Mahantongo, and a 
part of Foster in 1858 was attached to Hegins' 
It is bounded by Hubley, Upper Mahantongo, 
Eldred, Barry, Foster, Frailey and Porter 
townships, and Dauphin county. The early 

settlers were : Boyner, George Klinger, 

John Kuntzelman, James Osman, Benjamin 
Bassler, Peter Dingier, Christian Stutzman, 
George Dedrich, Christian Kruns, Peter Bix- 
ler, John Dietrich and Jacob Heberling. Farm- 
ing has been the principal occupation in the 
township. The leading villages are Hegins- 
ville. Valley View, Fountain and Rausch Gap. 
Heginsville took its present name in 1850, 
when the post-office here was established. 
The village takes its name from the township, 
which, in turn, derived its name from Judge 
Hegins, who occupied the bench at the time 
the township was chartered. Valley View 
was formerly known as " Osmantown," in 

honor of Joseph Osman, the pioneer hotel- 
keeper. The post-office was established here 
in 1827, by the name of Lower Mahantongo, 
but was later changed to Valley View. Fount- 
ain was established in 1872. The 
town is situated in the extreme eastern part 
of the township, on the Tremont and Kutz- 
town road. 

Hubley Township. — In 1853 Hubley was 
erected from Lower Mahantongo township. It 
is bounded by Upper Mahantongo and Hegins 
townships and Dauphin county. Michael 
Beigert made the first settlement in 1804, and 
was shortly followed into the township by 
Philip and Michael Artz, George Dietrich, 
Daniel Bixler, John and Henry Stoney, John 
, Haldeman and John Schmitz, who settled in 
different localities. Hubley is an agricultural 
township to some extent, and does' not con- 
tain any villages of any size. 

The first saw-mill was built by John Stoney 
on Deep Creek about 1820. The first grist- 
mill was built ab.out two years earlier, by Con- 
rad Coil. The first thoroughfare in the township 
was the stage road from Reading to Klingers- 
town. The old Indian trail running through 
this county into Northumberland passed 
through this township near the Pottsville 
road. Abraham Hoffa built the first hotel 
and the first store within the township limits. 
The post-office at Sa;cftimento was established 
in 1877. 

Klein Township. — This township was formed 
from Rush, and named in honor of Associate 
Judge Jacob Klein. It is bounded by East 
Union and Rush townships and Luzerne and 
Carbon counties. Coal forms the sole wealth 
of the township in which there never was but 
one field — two acres — cleared for raising 
grain or vegetables. John Stackhouse, at the 
"Green Fields," was the first settler, and 



those who came after him for several years 
were industrious Germans. Silver Brook 
Colliery was commenced in 1864, and Honey 
Brook Collieries, six in number, were opened 
in 1854. Nos. 1,4 and 5 of the Honey Brook 
Collieries are in Klein township. 

The oldest road in the township is the one 
leading from Tamaqua to Hazleton. It has 
been in existence more than a hundred years, 
and in early times formed the main line of 
travel between Pottsville and Wilkes-Barre. 
The first tavern was kept by John Stackhouse, 
and the accommodations were exceedingly 
poor. Teamsters and travelers were obliged 
to sleep on the floor on blankets, there being 
no sleeping apartments. Summit Station re- 
ceives its name from its situation — at the high- 
est point on the Catawissa Railroad, 1,547 
feet above the sea level. The only house at 
Silver Brook, in 1864, was that of Mrs. Betz- 
enberger, and up to 1871 contained a com- 
pany store. 

Malianoy Township. — In 1849 Mahanoy was 
erected from Rush township. It is bounded 
by West Mahanoy, Union, Union, Rush 
and- Ryan townships. Mahanoy is one of the 
great coal townships of the county. Its first 
settler was a German named Reisch, who 
came about 1791, to the site of Mahanoy 
City. In the next ten years came Henry 
Ketner, Henry Stauffer, Samuel May, John 
Eisenboth, Daniel Brobst and Erastus Wil- 

The St. Nicholas Collierj- was opened 
in 1861 ; North Mahanoy, 1861 ; Schuylkill, 
1863; Primrose, 1861 ; Tunnel Ridge, 1863; 
Glendon, i860; New Boston, 1864; Copley, 
about 1861 ; West Lehigh, 1864; Bear Run, 

1863; Suffolk, 1864; Eliangowen, ; 

Knickerbocker, 1S64; and Boston Run, 1862. 
The principal villages of Mahanoy are : 

Morea, New Boston, St. Nicholas and Yates- 

St. Nicholas includes St. Nicholas, Wiggans 
and Suffolk patches, as they were formerly 
called. It was settled in 1 861, at which date 
Cake & Guise commenced mining operations 
here. The first store kept in St. Nicholas was 
by Smith & Krebs, and was opened in 1861. 

S\-ll< Castle Towns/lip. — In 1847 or 1S4S 
New Castle was organized finm Norwegian 
township. It is bounded by Butler, West Ma- 
hanoy, Biythe, l-.ast Norwegian, Norwegian 
and Cas^ townships The early .settlers were 
Jacob Yoh, John Boyer and Nicho Allen. 
New Castle is a coal township. Drifts were 
opened and collieries were commenced at 
Wadestown about 1830. Beechwood Colliery 
was opened at Mt. Laffee in 1 847. The East 
Pine Knot, Reppiler and Ellsworth Collieries 
were opened at New Castle village rts|)(i:ti\ily 
in 1830, iS4oand 1873. The St. Clair Powder 
Mills were started in 1840, and in i860 were 
removed to the east part of the township. 

These works were originally owned by 
Frack & Seltzer, who afterwards sold out to 
John L. Geiger and Lewis Koch, The main 
villages are : Wadesville, a mining village in 
the south-eastern part of the township, I. ml 
out in about 1830, by Lewis I'.ilm.ikcr, and 
named after Captain John Wade, a coal opera- 
tor. The only industry in that vicinity is the 
mines. The first coal mined was by George 
Philips, prior to 1828. Mount Laffee, a min- 
ing village, was settled about 1 840. Among 
the early settlers were Tobey Hire, Robert 
Bradley, Mrs. Joice and Mrs. Peck. New 
Castle was laid out in 1830 by Lewis Ell- 
maker, who expected this village to become 
the great mining center of the anthracite coal 
region. Six taverns soon sprung up, and 
John Spohn built the first store. George 



Reiffshyder and Peter Kline were the magis- 

North Manheim Township. — This township 
was erected, in 1845, from Manheim township, 
and is bounded by Branch, Norwegian, East 
Norwegian, Blythe, West Brunswick, South 
Manheim and Wayne. The early settlers were 
Germans, among whom were John Deibert, 
Jacob Krebs, Jacob Minnich, Daniel Shoppell, 
Michael Bolich, Henry HoUebush, Michael 
Kosh, Henry Strouch and the Wagners, Reeds, 
Rebers, Kostners, Befl-gers and Decherts and 
Martin Dreibolbeis. The Laflin & Rand Pow- 
der Mills were built over a quarter of a cen- 
tury ago. The county home and hospital are 
in this township. The main villages of North 
Manheim have all become boroughs, and in- 
clude in their number Cressona, Schuylkill 
Haven, Mt. Carbon and Landingville. 

This township comprises a portion of the 
the finest farming section in the county, and 
the products of the farms find a ready and good 
market in the villages and boroughs of the 
coal region, which enables the farmers to use 
fertilizers of all kinds to enrich their lands and 
prepare them for the production of such grains 
and vegetables as finds the most ready market. 
The farmers of this township are progressive 
and fully abreast of the times, and their build- 
ings and surroundings are neat and substan- 
tial. Their school buildings are good, and 
furnished with patent seats and other modern 

North Union Township. — In 1867 North 
Union was erected from Union township. It 
is bounded by Luzerne and Columbia counties, 
and Union and East Union townships. The 
earliest known settler was Conrad Faust, in 
1806. In iSogAlbertus Miller came, and in 
a few years after this settlements were made 
in various parts of the township. The only 

village in North Union 'is Zion's Grove, 
founded in 1830 by Jacob Breisch, and named 
after Zion's church. 

In 1868 the post-office was established, and 
the first postmaster was Theodore Van Duzen. 
There the first two elections were held in 

Norwegian Toivnship. — One of the nine 
original townships of Schuylkill county is 
Norwegian, which was erected in 181 1 from 
Berks county. It is bounded by Branch, Cass, 
New Castle, East Norwegian and North Man- 
heim townships. Of the early settlers were : 

Bright, Jacob Yohe, John Boyer and 

William Yohe. The township settled up very 
slowly during the first twenty-five years of its 
history; but in about 1826, the population 
began to increase, because of the developments 
of the coal trade, made possible by the com- 
pletion of the Schuylkill canal to Mount Car- 
bon. With the completion of the old turnpike 
in this township, fn about 1811, came the first 
hotels, kept by Boyer and Yohe. The surface 
of this township is broken and rugged, which 
rendered farming — the chief occupation of the 
early inhabitants — difficult to pursue suc- 
cessfully ; but the coal mines are numer- 
ous and important, but of their early develop- 
ment little information is to be obtained. John 
and James Lyons mined on the York farm 
prior to 18 16. Various companies operated 
shafts and collieries until the Philadelphia and 
Reading Coal and Iron Company commenced 
extensive colliery operations, since which time 
the mines of Norwegian have yielded large 
amounts of coal. 

Pine Grove Township. — This township was 
erected from Berks county in 1811, and is 
bounded by Tremont and Washington town- 
ships and Lebanon and Berks counties. The 
first settlers were Germans, and came between 



1750 and 1760. Among the families who set- 
tled in the township prior to the Revolution 
were the Schnokes, Hetricks, Swopes, Shaef- 
fers, Breslefs, Boyers, Zimmermans, Fettys 
and Stines. A man named Gistwite settled 
about 1756, and was murdered by Indians. A 
forge was built by Daniel Rondebach and in 
1844 was changed into the Stanhope furnace 
by Adam Brown. It was located about two 
miles East of Pine Grove borough, and was 
operated until 1875, since which time it has 
been closed. The leading villages are : Mifflin, 
Elwood and North Pine Grove. The first 
store was opened in Mifflin by Hans C. 
Christesen in 1868, who was instrumental in 
establi.shing the in 1873; Daniel 
B. Kochenberger was the first postmaster. 
Elwood is a post-office, and contains about a 
dozen dwellings. North Pine Grove is a 
suburb of the borough of Pine Grove, and is a 
growing and thriving little town. 

Porter Township. — In 1840 Porter was 
erected from Lower Mahantongo township, 
and was named after Governor David Porter. 
It is bounded by Frailey, Hegins and Tre- 
mont townships and Dauphin county. In 
1774 Daniel and Ennier Williams, father and 
son, settled in Williams' valley, and in 1803 
Daniel Green built the old Keffer tavern. Coal 
was mined as early as 1 830, and the Philadelphia 
and Reading Coal and Iron Company pur- 
chased valuable coal lands in the township 
before 1880. The principal towns in Porter 
Township are : the borough of Tower City ; 
Johnstown, laid out in 1869 upon the lands of 
John Dietrich ; Reiner City, in 1869, by and 
upon the lands of George Reiner ; Sheridan, 
in 1870, by and upon the lands of Alexander 
Thompson; and Ostermanville, in honor of 
H. J. Osterman, of Tremont. 

Rahn Tmvnship. — This township was formed 

from West Penn in i860, and is bounded by 
West Penn, Walker and Rush townships and 
Carbon county. Berkhard Moser, who after- 
wards with a Mr. Houser took up a tract of 
two thousand acres of land, was the first set- 
tler. Rahn is essentially a coal township, and 
the first di.scovery of coal was made on the 
present site of the Greenwood slope. Green- 
wood Slope Mine was opened in 1838 ; No. 10 
Tunnel Mine, i860; and No. 11 Tunnel Mine, 
1875. The villages in this township .ire Coal 
Dale and Gearytown. Coal I ).ilc is a scattered 
mining village, buildings are principally 
frame. The first houses were erected in i<^4'^i, 
in what was known as Rugtown, and two years 
later houses were built at Old Coal Dale. New- 
Coal Dale was het^tm in about 1S49 Coal 
Dale post-office was created in 1871, with 
Charles F. Goslie i^ postmaster. Gearytown 
was named in honor of Governor John W. 
Geary. It^ firsi dwelling was erected in 1866, 
and occupied by Richard Ho\ (i 

Reilly Ttni'nshif>. — In 1856 Rciily was 
formed from Branch township, and named in 
honor of Associate Judge Bernard Rciily. It 
is bounded by Foster, Cass, Branch, Wayne, 
Washington and Frailey townships. Jacob 
Fox and his wife and four children were the 
first settlers, coming in 1790. In 1836 Martin 
Weaver opened the first colliery. Sometime 
later the Otto colliery was commenced, and 
in 1850 Swatara colliery was opened. The 
main villages of the township are : Branch 
Dale, founded about 183^ with theopeningof 
the mines by Martin Weaver. This village de- 
rives its name from being located on the 
extreme western branch of the Schuylkill river, 
and embraces the village formerly known as 
New Mines. Ezra Cockill built the first 
church in 1875, and Rev. Richard Kaines was 
the first minister. Swatara is located on 



Swatara Creek, a short distance south of 
Swatara Falls. Newtown is located one mile 
southwest of Swatara. The original grant of 
land on which this village is situated was 
granted to Michael Kunkel, bearing the date 
of 1703. 

Rush Township. — This township was taken 
in 18 II from Berks county. It is bounded by 
Schuylkill, Rahn, Ryan, Mahanoy and Klein 
townships and Carbon county. Thomas 
Lindner came in 1800; John Faust, 1806, and 
Abraham Boughner in 181 5. These and 
other pioneer settlers all came from Berks 
county, and all were Germans. Several pow- 
der mills were erected after the late civil war 
commenced, and one, the Dupont & Weldy's, 
has survived all of its competitors. 

In this township are the villages of Home- 
town, Tamanend and Quakake. Hometown, 
the oldest of these, was founded in 1829 by 
the Duncans of Philadelphia. Tamanend was 
started in 1853, and its name is of Indian 
derivation. Quakake is located near Tamen- 
end, and its hotel is said to be the oldest 
building in that part of the township. 

Ryan Township. — In 1868 Ryan was taken 
from Rush and Mahanoy townships, and 
named in honor of Judge James Ryan, of 
Pottsvllle. It is bounded by Mahanoy, West 
Mahanoy, Rush, Schuylkill and Blythe town- 
ships. The first settlers were the Dreshes 
and Heasings, who came about 1784. In 
that year the first log house was erected 
by David Dresh, on what was known as the 
Klingman farm ; and then, upon this farm, he 
planted the first orchard in that township. 
The pioneer ministers were Revs. Schellhart 
and KroU, who held meetings in a log house, 
owned by David Dresh. Isaac A. Blew 
organized the first Sabbath-school, and built 
the first public school house in 1854. 

Schuylkill Township. — This township was 
one of the original townships of the county 
organized in 1811. It is bounded by Ryan, 
Rush, Rahn, Walker and Blythe townships. 
From Schuylkill have been taken several 
townships. Its early settlers were principally 
Germans and New Englanders. It is a coal 
township, and has several collieries. 

The villages of this township are Patter- 
son, Tuscarora and Newkirk. Patterson is 
probably the oldest town in the township, but 
Tuscarora claims the honor. 

South Manheim. — In 1845 SoOth Manheim 
was taken from Manheim township. It is 
bounded by West Brunswick, Wayne and 
North Manheim townships and Berks county. 
Matthew Hein and Adam Smith were pioneer 
settlers. Pott's furnace was built by John 
Pott at an early day, and was destroyed by 
fire in 1877. Kauffman & Bro. 's furnace, at 
Jefferson station, was an enterprise of con- 
siderable importance for some years, but now 
lies idle. The first saw-mill was erected on 
Reffee creek in 1777 by one Mr. Wei^ner, and 
the first grist-mill was owned by a Mr. Kersh- 
ner, who erected it about 1780. 

Tremont Township. — This township was 
formed in 1847 fio"^ Y'ln^ Grove, and is 
bounded by Lebanon county and Frailey, 
Reilly, Porter, Washington and Pine Grove. 
Tremont, as a word, comes from the French, 
tres mont, meaning three mountains. Henry 
Zimmerman was the first settler in 18 17. He 
was soon followed by the Hippies, Pincker- 
tons, Clarks and Mellons. Tremont coal 
commands an extra price, and its collieries 
are Kalm la, opened in 1869; Lincoln, 1869; 
Lower Rausch Creek, 1858, and Lorberry, 
1835. The township has two prosperous 
villages, — Lorberry Junction and Kalmia, a 
very small place. 



From the number of arrow-heads found in 
the vicinity, it is concluded that it formed a 
favorite Indian hunting ground. The first 
road in the township was the old Sunbury 
road, which ran from Reading to Sunbury, 
passing through Lorberry and Joliet. It was 
constructed in the latter part of the last 
century. The organization of Tremont school 
district dates back to the formation of the 
township in 1847. 

Union Township. — This town.ship was 
erected in 18 18, from Columbia and Luzerne 
counties, and is now bounded by Mahanoy, 
West Mahanoy, Butler, East Union and North 
Union townships, and Columbia county. 
Frederick Labenburg is said to have been the 
first settler. Ringtown is the principal vil- 
lage, and was founded about 1838. In 1871 
the Catawissa Valley Agricultural Society 
purchased ground at Ringtown and held its 
first fair there in that year. 

The land upon which this village is built 
was owned by Benjamin Nehlf, and it takes 
its name from a thieving act which occurred 
in the locality in 1830, which caused an 
enemy of Mr. Nehlf to speak sneeringly of it 
as Ringtown. Andrew Foster, who died in 
1863, was the first physician of the township, 
whilst Daniel Butler was the first magistrate. 
There arc traces of Indian occupancy in the 
township, and the early settlers claim that a 
deserted encampment was found near the 
Philip Derr place. 

Upper Mahantongo Township. In 181 1 this 
township was erected from Berks county, and 
is now bounded by Dauphin and Northum- 
berland counties, and Hubley, Hegins and 
Eldred townships. The first settler was 
Alexander Klinger, who came in 17S0 
Jacob Baum, Robert Clark, Seamon Shuman, 
.Amlicw Osnian, and Gideon Williams were 

early settlers. The principal village in the 
township is Klingerstown. 

The post-office was established in that vil- 
lage in 1850, and mails were delivered once 
a week by way of Reading and Sunburj-. 
George Maurer kept the first store in the vil- 
lage, whilst Dr. Piffer was the first physician 
to locate in the place in 1840. The con- 
servatism of the people made the township 
the last in the county and one of the last in 
the state to adopt the common-school system, 
and not until 1865 were the educational 
interests of the township placed under its 

Washington TtKonlitp. — In 1856 Washing- 
ton was formed from Pine Grove and Wayne 
townships. It is bounded by 1 rcniont, Reilly, 
Branch, \\'a)nc and Pine Grove townships, 
and Berks county. Among the settlers be- 
fore 1790, were Philip Zerbe (first to settle), 
Nicholas Shuck, Adam Kalbach, George 
Kremer, William Kremer, Peter Weaver, 
I'cter PofTcnberger, Nicholas Poftenbcrger, 
Christina Bctz. iVter 1 letzel, Henry Oppcl, 
Michael Bresslcr, Paul Lengel, Stephen Diehl, 
Samuel Owen. Caspar Brctzius, John Adam 
Brown, Jonathan Kerschner and Piatt Wag- 
ner. There are two villages in the township, 
Rock and De Turkville. 

Rock is a post-office on the Shamokin and 
Sunbur)' branch of the Philadelphia and Read- 
ing Railroad. The place was formerly known 
as White Morse, taking its name from a tavern 
at that place. Jerome Riland was the first 
postmaster there in 1868. The first tavern in 
the township was kept near De Turkville by 
Solomon Christ in 1S27. 

Wayne Township. — This township was 
formed in 1827 from Manheim and Pine Grove 
townships, and is bounded by Reill>', Branch, 
W ashington, North Manheim and South Man- 



heim townships, and Berks county. Nothing 
definite of the time of the first settlement can 
be found. Among the early settlers were the 
Schneps, Millers, Boyers, Webbers, Weavers, 
Rhines, Hummels, Gebharts, Apples, Gom- 
beys, Shififers, Wommers and Kearchers. The 
chief villages in Wayne are Friedensburg and 
Summit Station. 

Mr. Summer was the original purchaser of 
the site of Friedensburg. It was once a can- 
didate for the distinction of being the county 
seat, but the stronger claims of Orwigsburg 
prevailed. The tract of land upon which 
stands Summit Station was granted to Egi- 
dions Moyer in 1 774 by the proprietors of the 
Province of Pennsylvania. The first house in 
the village was built by the original purchas- 
ers in 1774 or 1775. The post-office was es- 
tablished about 1854. 

West Mahanoy Township. — This township 
was erected in 1874 from Mahanoy. It is 
bounded by Union, Butler, New Castle, Ryan 
and Mahanoy townships. It is a coal town- 
ship, and its collieries are : The Philadelphia 
Coal Company's, Nos. i, 2, 3 and 4, opened 
from 1863 to 1875 ; and the Cuyler and Girard 
Mammoth, opened in 1-865. The township 
contains five villages: Lost Creek, Colorado, 
William Penn, Rappahannock and Raven 

West B.ninswick. Township. — In 1834 West 
Brunswick was erected from Brunswick town- 
ship. It is bounded by Blythe, East Bruns- 
wick, North Manheim and South Manheim 
townships and Berks county. There were 
many Indian depredations in this, township 
which are noticed elsewhere in this volume. 
But little account can be secured concerning 
the early settlements. 

Walker Township. — This township was 
taken in 1878 from Schuylkill township, and 

is bounded by Schuylkill, East Brunswick, 
Rahn, West Penn and Blythe townships. 
The first settlement made in Walker was in 
the Lewistown Valley in 1803, by Germans 
and New Englanders. 

West Penn Township. — In 1 8 II West Penn 
was erected from Northampton county. It is 
bounded by Rahn, Walker and East Bruns- 
wick townships, and Carbon and Lehigh 
counties. West Penn is the largest township in 
Schuylkill county, and among its early settlers 
were the Gilbert, Ohl and Steigerwalt families. 
In 1 860 Steigerwalt's cotton and cloth factory 
was erected, and nine years later Snyder & Sou 
built their machine shop for the manufacture 
of threshing machines and a foundry to make 
chilled plows. 

The earliest justice of the peace of whom 
any record exists, whose jurisdiction extended 
over the present limits of West Penn, was one 
'Squire Krum, appointed by the Governor in 
1 794. Early in the latter half of the last cen- 
tury the Indians were very troublesome to 
those who attempted to establish homes in 
West Penn and elsewhere north of the Blue 
Mountains. At one time they were so aggres- 
sive as to drive the whites south of the moun- 
tains, forcing them to abandon their improve- 
ments. The first merchant in the tbwnship 
was Tobias Wehr, who erected and opened a 
store in Lizard Creek valley as early as 1780. 
He was also the first taveruTkeeper. Dr. Bol- 
linger was the first physician, and took up his 
residence in the township in 1830. The first 
grist-mill in West Penn was built in 18 12 on 
Lizard Creek by William Ohl. 

Public Buildings. — "The first courts in 
Schuylkill county were held at the tavern of 
Abraham Reiffschneider, in Orwigsburg. The 
first court-house was erected in that borough 
in 1815. It was of brick, two stories high. 

fc if-'m-t-'''^m 




about forty by fifty feet. The court-room was 
on the first floor, and the jury rooms and the 
public ofifices in the second story. The cost 
of the building was $5,000. The first court was 
held in it in the spring of 1816. A bell was 
presented by Samuel Bell, of Reading, and it 
still swings ' in its ^ancient turret high,' where 
it does duty by calling the hands in a shoe 
manufactory to work, and announcing the 
"hours to the people of the borough. It bears 
the inscription ' Thomas W. Levering, founder, 
Philadelphia, 1817.' In 1827 a building 
for the public offices was erected. It was 
built of brick, about thirty feet in the rear of 
the court-house, and it had about the same 
dimensions. It contained two fire-pr^oof vaults. 
In 1846 an ext|nsion was added to the court- 
house, filling the space between it and the 
public offices, thus converting the whole into 
one building." 

By the terms of the act of removal of the 
court-house from Orwigsburg to Pottsville, 
the public buildings in Orwigsburg were to be 
held by the borough for school purposes. In 
1854 an academy called the Arcadian Institute 
was established, and the court-house was used 
for this school. The Institute having failed, an 
act was passed by the Legislature in 1870, ap- ' 
pointing S. R. Midlar, Christian Berger and S. 
H. Madden commissioners to sell or lease the 
old court-house and public offices. In accord- 
ance with the provisions of this act, these 
commissioners in 1873 leased this building for 
the term of ninety-nine jears to the Orwigs- 
burg Shoe Manufacturing Company. 

The second court-house was erected at 
Pottsville. A lot was purchased between Sec- 
ond and Third streets, from the estate of 
George Farquar, and the work of demolishing 
the buildings thereon and making the neces- 
sary excavations «as entered on in October, 

1849. Contributions in work and material, as 
well as money, were received, and all the work 
was done under the superintendence of Isaac 
Severn. The total cost of the structure, in- 
cluding a bell of 1,623 pounds and a town- 
clock, was about ^30,000. The building was 
'23 by 37 feet, two stories in height The 
second story was divided into a court-room, 
87 /^ by 54 and 21 feet in height, and four 
jury rooms, a consultation room and a librar>'. 
The judges of the court, in Ma\ , 1851, certi- 
fied to the commissioners the satisfactory 
condition of the court-house, and in Decem- 
ber, 185 1, the grand inquest reported the new 
court-house built by the citizens in ever)- wa)- 
satisfactory. The removal of the public rec- 
ords from Orwigsburg to this house was com- 
pleted December i, 1851. 

The third and present court house is a 
handsome structure, inferior to none in the 
slate, outside of Philadelphia and Pittsburg. 
It is located on Cmirt House hill, and was 
formally opened and dedicated for business 011 
Septeniber 3, ii<<j?. I he approximate co'^t 
was $400,000. It is of tile Romanesque st)le 
of architecture, and the Cleveland sandstone 
was used in its construction. It is 100 feet 
wide, 195 feet long and five stories high, or 
171 feet from the grade line to the finial. The 
interior is handsomely finished in natural red- 
oak, and the offices are elegantly furnished 
and well equipped with vaults and every facil- 
ity for preserving the records of the county. 
It contains three court-rooms and a first-class 
law library. The whole building is- well 
heated from two thirty horsepower engines in 
the basement. 

" Previous to the erection of a jail in Or- 
wigsburg, in 18 1 4, prisoners were kept in the 
cellar of Reiffschneider's tavern. This cellar 
was made in the side ■>! a declivit>, and a 



Stump was left at one end. "To this stump a 
ring was attached by a staple, and slippery 
prisoners were fastened to it. The stump, 
with the ring attached, remained till 1850, 
This cellar proving insufficient, a Jiortion of 
Judge Rausch's house was used for the same 
purpose, and there, it is said, prisoners were 
sometimes fastened to a ring in one of the 

"The first jail was built in 18 14, by Jacob 
George and Peter Kutz. It was of field stone, 
about thirty-two feet square, and two stories 
in height. By a subsequent addition its length 
was made some seventy-five or eighty feet. 
Some years since, in accordance with the pro- 
visions of the act of removal, it was converted 
into a school-house. 

"The act for the removal of the seat of jus- 
tice provided for the erection of a prison in 
Pottsville at the expense of the county. Early 
in the year 1850 the commissioners com- 
menced preparations for carrying out this pro- 
vision of the law. Four lots on Market street 
were purchased for a site, at a cost of ^7,000, 
and a ' water lot ' was also purchased, at ^500. 
Plans, specifications and estimates were made, 
and work was commenced on the building 
lot, and a reservoir was con.structed on the 
water lot. 

"In January, 1851, the site on Market street 
was exchanged for that on which the prison 
stands, in the rear of the court-house, on 
Sanderson street. 

"A new plan by Mr. N. Le Brun, the 
architect for the prison, was adopted, and the 
work was commenced in the spring of 185 1." 

" Previous to the incorporation of Schuylkill 
county as a poor district the poor of each 
township or borough were let out to the lowest 
bidder to be cared for, as was the practice in 
many other counties. 

" By an act of Assembly approved April 4, 
1 83 1, the county of Schuylkill was made a 
poor district, and John C. Offerman, Michael 
Graeff, Samuel R. Kepner, Johij Barr, John 
Hughes, Simon Marborger and WiUiam Griff 
were named in the act commissioners to select 
and purchase a site for a ho»use of employment 
for the poor of the district. 

"On the 9th of April two hundred and 
twenty-six acres of land on the Center turn- 
pike, in North Manheim township, about one 
mile north from Schuylkill Haven, were pur- 
chased from Charles Christ for ^6,000. To 
this were added in 1835 forty -two acres pur- 
chased from Benjamin Pott at ^1,000, and by 
subsequent purchases and transfers the farm 
has come to include about tw© hundred and 
eighty-three acres. 

" When the farm was first purchased there 
stood on it a hotel or tavern-house (still stand- 
ing), which was used as an alms-house till the 
main building was erected in 1833. This was 
of brick, 90 by 48, three stories in height. In 
1850 a wing used as a nursery, also of brick, 
three stories in height, 42 by 32, was built in 
the rear of the main building, and in 1873 an- 
other story was added to the latter. 

"A stone building two stories in height, 28 
by 65, was erected in 1842. It was formerly 
used for the insane, but it is now k quarantine, 
or place for the care of contagious diseases. 
The infirmary, 80 by 40, of brick, three 
stories in height above the basement, was 
built in 1859. Its apartments are occupied as 
medical and surgical wards. It possesses the 
requisite conveniencies for institutions of this 

" The building for the insane was erected in 
1869, It is of brick, three stories high, and 
covers an area of 82 by 42 feet, with a wing 
in the rear 25 by 20 feet. It has some thirty- 


t 1 



eight rooms, arranged with special reference 
to the care of insane cases, and the basement 
has rooms for lodging vagrants and tramps. 
The bakery and laundry, also of brick, two 
stories in height, was erected in 1872. 

" Tht estimated value of the farm is $34,270; 
of the main building, $50,(xx>; insane depart- 
ment, $28,000; infirmary, $21,000; laundry 
and bakery, 55.ioo; quarantine, $i,20O; out 
buildings, $4,600; total, $144,170. 

"The barn was erected in 1874. It covers 
an area of 65 by I20 feet, and has a height of 
20 feet above a basement of ten feet. It was 
built at a cost of $23,000 jilus thq expense of 
boarding in the count)' prison the commis- 
sioners under whose superintendence it was 

" Shops of various kinds are standing on 
the grounds, and airing yards are enclo.sed for 
those who are liable t9 wander. All the build- 
ings are supplied with water from a reservoir 
some two miles distant. 1 Ik- barn-yard is 
surrounded by a substantial wall seven feet in 

"The farm is in an excellent state of cul- 
tivation, and everything about the establish- 
ment gives evidence of the able and careful 
administration of all its affairs." 

Miners' Hospital. — In 1873 a gift enterprise 
was started for the purpose of trying to raise 
funds to build a hospital, the necessity for 
which had long been felt. Several thousand 
ilullars were raised, but was all lost through 
the failure of a bank in which it had been de- 
positeii. On June 1 1, 1879, an act was passed 
by tlie Legislature, authorizing the erection 
of a hospital, and appropriating $60,000 for 
the purpose, and providing for the appoint- 
ment of six commissioners to locate it and 
superintend its erection. The commissioners 
appointed were : D. A. Beckley, of Columbia 

county ; John D. Morgan and Thomas I' 
Kerns, of Schuylkill ; Jacob R. Eby, of 
Dauphin ; William R. Lilly, of Carbon, and 
William James, of Northumberland. 

The commissioners decided upon Fountain 
Springs, about a mile from Ashland, as the 
location, and the Philadelphia and Reading 
Railroad donated the ground. 

The commissioners, after completing it in 
1882, turned it over to nine trustees, as pro- 
vided in the act. The present trustees are : 
Gen. William Lilly, president; Maj. Heber S. 
Thompson, vice-president ; William H. Lewis, 
treasurer; Capt. E. C. Wagner, secretar\- ; 
Edward Reese, Hon. Charles V. King, \ P. 
Blakslee, Ur. D. J. L.ington and 1". M. 

Dr. J. C Biildlc has been superintendent 
and surgeon-in-chief since its openinj^. 

Census Statistics — We have carefully com- 
piled the following statistics regarding the 
popul.ition, manufactures and agriculture of 
Schuylkill county : 









1 1,216 
















89. '53 




1 16.044 


1 16,428 







MINOR ci\aL Drv'isioMS — 1870-1890. 
Division. 189a 1880. 1S7 

Ashland borough 
First ward . . 
Second ward . 

7,346 6,052 5.714 




Third ward 
Fourth ward . 
Fifth ward . . 

Auburn borough 

Barry township . 

Blythe township 

Branch township 

Butler township, includ- 
ing Connor Patch 
and Rappahannock 


Connor Patch village 
Rappahannock vil- 
lage .... 

Cass township . . 

Cressona borough , 

Delano borough 

East Brunswick town 

East Norwegian town- 

East Union townsjiip 

Eldred township 

Foster township 

Frackville borough 

Frailey township, in- 
cluding Donaldson 
village .... 
Donaldson village 

Gilberton borough 
East ward . . 
Middle ward , 
West ward 

Girardville borough 
East ward . . 
Middle ward . 
West ward 

Gordon borough 

Hegins township 

Hubley township 



















4,493 4,815 
513 362 



586 700 

1,116 588 

1,147 1,190 

494 690 

2,520 1,707 















1,462 1,544 1,661 







Di-vision. 1890. 1880. 1870. 
Kline township . . . 3,068 1,536 
Landingville borough . 316 712 
Mahanoy City borough II, 286 7,181 5,533 
First ward .... 3,925 
Second ward . . . 1,923 
Third ward . . . 1,267 
Fourth ward . . . 1,442 
Fifth ward .... 2,729 
Mahanoy township, in- 
cluding Morea, New 
Boston, Saint Nicho- 
las and Yatesville vil- 
lages 6,541 4,450 9,400 

Morea village . . . 823 
New Boston village . 635 138 
Saint Nicholas vil- 
lage 823 

Yatesville village . 750 708 
Middleport borough . 381 230 377 
Minersville borough . 3,504 3,249 3,699 
East ward .... 1,943 
Westward . . . 1,561 
Mount Carbon bor- 
ough 333 327 364 

New Castle township . 1,317 1,512 2,229 
New Philadelphia bor- 
ough 562 360 558 

New Ringgold borough 240 lOO 
North Manheim town- 
ship 2,391 2,607 2,420 

North Union town- 
ship 1,124 848 666 

Norwegian township . 819 932 1,390 

Orwigsburg borough . 1,290 792 728 

Palo Alto borough . . 1,424 1,588 1,740 

Pine Grove borough . 1,103 957 

Pine Grove township . 2,601 2,327 2,274 

Port Carbon borough 1,976 2,346 2,251 

Port Clinton borough 606 686 578 

Porter township . . 1,648 2,625 1,167 



Pottsville borough . 

Middle ward . , 

North ward . . 

Northeast ward . 

NorthwLst ward 

South ward . . 

Southeast ward . 

Seventh ward 
Rahn township, includ 

ing Coaldale and 

Seek villages 

Coaldale village . 

Seek village . . 
Reilly township 
Rush township . . 
Ryan township 
Saint Clair borough 

Middle ward . . 

North ward . . 

South w.ird . . 
Tower ( ity borough 
Schuylkill Haven bor 

ough . . 

I'.ast ward . . 

North ward 

South ward . 

West ward 
Schuylkill township 
Shenandoah boit)ugh 

First ward . . 

Second ward . . 

Third . . 

I''ourth ward . . 

Fifth waril . . 
South Manheim town- 
ship .... 
Tam.i<iua borough 
East ward . . 
North ward 

.Sinitli ward , 

1890. 1880. 1.S70. 
14,117 13,253 12,384 

2,648 2,129 '.-27 

1,715 1,452 t,890 
1,264 1,522 2,291 

706 599 609 
',.(),S() 4,149 5,7jr, 


,032 2,040 


2,95 I 



15,944 10,147 


3. '49 


876 906 929 
6,054 5.730 5,9'«> 




1890. IS80. 1S70. 

2,064 1,785 1.700 

771 1,001 754 

1,310 1,292 1,110 

Tremont borough . 
Tremont township 
Union township 
Upper Mahantongo 

township .... 732 71S 
Walker township . . 569 510 
Washington township 1,338 1.3? 2 


■ •3; 




1.3 5 « 

2.2 I 5 




Wayne township 
West Brunswick town 

West Mahano)- town 

ship . . 
West Pcnn township 
Yorkvilie borough 

II. STATISTICS oi- M.wri-AcrrKK. 

We present the following t.iMes of ^( h . ted 

manufactures in Schuylkill county for \S()a 

and for 1880: 

i860. 1880. 

565 480 

^8,017,75^. 4,,H5.i,r,-,,S 

"7.434 i.'>^^ 

. ^71 -5' 

^3,760,404 l,OI''.,C>4l 

^2,996, 185 4.irKj,i3o 

810,945,020 6,047,336 

No. of establishments 
Capital. ... 
M.ilc hands over i6 . 
Female hands over 1 5 
Annual wages paid . 
Material used . . 
Value products 

We give the following table showing the 
cereal and several other agricultural produc- 
tions of Schuylkill county in 1S50 and in 



Bus. wheat . . . 



" corn .... 



"rye ... 



■ oats .... 


" buckwheat . . 

4 -.3 34 


Tons li.i\ 



Bus. Irish [n.l.itot^ 



■■ sweet potatoes 




Pounds butter 
" cheese 
" tobacco 


WVB STOCK IN 1850 AND 1880. 

Number of horses . 3189 

" mules . 

" sheep . 5872 

" swine . 10,877 

" neat cattle 8730 

" milch cows 

" other cattle 








Among the products of Schuylkill county 
in 1880 were 4323 pounds of wool, and 343,- 
503 gallons of milk. 


In 1879 the valuation of the couhty was 
given as follows: real estate, ^24,924,290; 
and personal property, 1^1,088,236. 


The taxes for 1879 were returned as fol- 
lows : State, ^2516; county, 1^174,401, and 
city, borough, township and school, ^403,432. 


The debt of the county in 1879 ^^^ given 
as follows : bonded debt, ^^703,488 ; floating 
debt, ;^49,904. A sinking fund was reported 
in connection with the debt, of ;^35o8. 

Miscellaneous. — Under this heading will be 
given some additional information that may 
be of interest to the citizens of the county. 

Secret Societies.— \v^ addition to the Masonic 
fraternity and Patriotic Order Sons of America, 
noticed elsewhere in this volume, we have 
obtained a complete list of the Castles of the 
Knights of the Golden Ea'gle and the Coun- 
cils of the Junior Order of American Mechan- 
ics in Schuylkill county. 

The following are the Castles of the Knights 
of the Golden Eagle, in 1 892, in the five dis- 
tricts into which the county is divided : 

No. Name. 

48 Mountain 
68 Tamaqua 
74 Anthracite 

85 Pioneer 

86 Eureka 
107 Tremont 

124 Pine Grove 

125 Geo. Wash. 

135 Tower City 

136 Mammoth 
151 Miners 
168 Auburn 
195 St. Clair 

323 Delano 

324 Mt. Carmel 
451 StarofV'ly 

Mahanoy City 
Pine Grove 
Tower City 
St. Clair 
Mt. Carmel 

No. of Members. 
108 ■ 







The following Councils of the Junior Order 
of American Mechanics are in Schuylkill 
county : Webster, No. 23 ; Mountaineer, No. 
Ill; Pottsville, 263; Williams' Valley, 317; 
Prosperity, 340; Mt. City, 351 ; Valley View, 
363 ; Maj. W. H. Jennings, 367 ; Reiner City, 
374; Industrial, 437 ; Advance, 584; Frack- 
ville, 828; Monument, 847;. Carpenter, 848 ; 
West Penn, 887; Oneida, 889; St. Clair, 
933; Protection, 935 ; and Gordon, 936. 

We have been unable to secure complete 
lists up to this time of the subordinate 
branches of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, Knights of Pythias, Improved Order 
of Red Men, Knights of the Mystic Chain, 
Grand Army of the Republic, Good Templars, 
United American Mechanics, Temple of 
Honor and Temperance, D. O. H., Knights 
of Honor, Brotherhood of the Union, 
Improved Order of Heptasophs and the Pa- 



trons of Husbandry, all of which have had an 
honorable existence in the county for a longer 
or shorter time. 

On the First Discovery of Anthracite Coal. 
— The following is from the pen of George 
M. Bretz, of Pottsville : 

" History gives to Nicho Allen, in 1790, on 
Broad Mountain, Schuylkill county, and 
Philip Ginter, in 1791, at Summit Hill, Car- 
bon county, credit for having first discovered \ 
anthracite coal in the lower or southern coal 

There seems to be no doubt but that these 
men did find out crops of veins of coal ; but 
that they were the first to discover it is evi- ! 
dentiy an error. j 

In proof of which the following extract | 
from the "Legislative Record " of the State 
of Pennsylvania, March 15, 1784, should be 
sufficient to convince all that coal was not 
only known, but mined at least six years prior 
to 1790 in Schuylkill county. 

The preamble of the Act of March 15, 
1784, says that the object of this bill is to 
open the river Schuylkill to navigation from 
tide water to the coal mines, and in the body 
of the bill it appoints certain conmiissioners to 
carry out the provisions of the act, giving 
three persons charge of each section of the 
work, the last three to have charge from 
Tumaqua creek (Little Schuylkill) to the coal 
mines at Hosier's saw mill. This saw mill 
was located at the junction of Norwegian 
creek and the Schuylkill river, just north of 
the gap through which the latter river cuts 
its way through Sharp Mountain. The site 
now occupied by the Pottsville Iron and St 
Company's furnace. 

The Ctrard Coal — An excellent ancj, , 
accurate description of the above-named )ands 
IS given in the Colliny h.nginiir,'\n 1887, by 

Jacob S. Foster and E. C. Wagner, assistant 
superintendent of the Girard estate in Schuyl- 
kill and Columbia counties. From this ac- 
count we condense the following information : 

This estate was bequeathed by the world's 
greatest philanthropist for the especial purpose 
of maintaining a home and school for the 
male orphans of Pennsylvania, 2500 of whom 
now enjoy its benefits. Girard paid the trus- 
tees of the old Bank of the IJnited St.ites 
^30,100 on April 17, 1830, for sixty-eight 
tracts of coal ami timber lands, containing 
29,494'^' acres on the Mahanoy and Catawissa 
creeks, in Schuylkill (.uunt\-, e.xccpt five tracts 
now in Columbia county. To perfect his 
titles to these tracts Ginird paid over $1 14,000, 
and after his death his will was contested by 
his relatives, and ti>-tl.iy but about 18,000 of 
the 29,000 acres are left to the coal est.ite be- 
queathed to Philadelphia for the education of 
the male orphans of I'ennsylvania at Girard 

Girard realized the future value of the coal 
region when other capitalists scoffed at the 
idea, and expended large amounts in de- 
veloping his coal lands, and subscribed ^200,- 
000 toward the building of the old "Girard 
railroad. " 

On January 1, 1869, the ten collieries on 
the Girard coal estate were leased for fifteen 
)'ears, and on January 1, 1884, were leased 
again tor an additional term of fifteen years, 
expiring in 1899. 

The last leases for twelve collieries are as 
follows: No I, Connor & Hammond ; No. 2, 
Girard, and No. 3, North Ashland, to the Phila- 
& Reading Coal and I ron Company ; 
No. 4,.JVtcker 2 and 4 ; No. 5 Continental and 
Jjio. Qf picker i and 5, to the Lehigh \',illi\ 
Coal Company; Nos. 7 and 8, West and 1-^a^t 
Bear Rjage to the Philadelphia and Reading 



Coal and Iron Company ; No. 9, William Penn 
to William Penn Coal Company; No. 10, Keh- 
ley Run to Thomas Coal Company; No. 11, 
Packer No. 3, to Lehigh Valley Coal Com- 
pany. No. 1 2, South Laurel Ridge, to John 
A. Dutter. The income from these rentals 
has already grown into millions, and a careful 
estimate places the gross revenue to exceed 
ten million dollars ere the coal is exhausted. 

One-half the coal receipts are invested in 
real estate in Philadelphia. This policy in 
time will give the estate a permanent income 
for all time to come, and generations yet un- 
born will rise up and bless the name of 
Stephen Girard. 

Pottsville Scientific Association.— On the loth 
of October, 1854, several scientific gentlemen, 
among whom were Doctors James S. Carpen- 
ter, J. H. Wythes, and A. Heger, and Messrs. 
Samuel Lewis, P. W. Sheafer, and C. Little, 
met at the office of P. W. Sheafer for the pur- 
pose of founding a scientific institution as a 
center of communication for the scientific 
men of the county, and for the advancement 
of science. The effort proved successful, and 
the association had a prosperous and profita- 
ble career of about ten years. A large and 
well-selected cabinet of minerals was collected, 
and also a library of more than 700 bound 
volumes on scientific subjects, and a large 
collection of valuable pamphlets. The library 
was placed in charge of the Pottsville Athen- 
aeum, and the mineral cabinet was presented 
to Lafayette College. 

The Pottsville Athenmum — On the 29th of 
January, 1877, Rev. A. Prior, P. W. Sheafer, 
George Chambers, Charles H. Woltjen and 
Josiah Lineaweaver met in the office of P. W. 
Sheafer to consider the feasibility of organiz- 
ing - a literary association. Agreeing that 
such an institution was desirable, a meeting 

was appointed for the election of officers, and 
Rev. A. Prior was chosen president, P. W. 
Sheafer, vice-president; George Chambers, 
recording secretary; Rev. B. F. Patterson, 
corresponding secretary, and Charles J. Wolt- 
jen, treasurer. These officers, with the man- 
agers, Heber S. Thompson, Edward D. Smith, 
Edward E. Swallow and Walter S. Church, 
constituted the first executive board. This 
association was incorporated as the Pottsville 
Athenaeum, under the act of April 29, 1874, 
for the purpose of ' the establishment and 
maintenance of a library, and the prpmotion 
of literature and science; and was formally 
opened on the Sth of April, 1877, in three 
rooms, which were secured in the Journal 
building for that purpose. The charter, which 
is perpetual, was approved by Judge Walker, 
September 24, 1877. It provides that the 
capital stock of the corporation shall be 
;^5,ooo, divided into one thousand shares at 
$^ per share. This is the principal source of 
revenue to the institution. Provision is also 
made for the sale of family tickets at $^ per 
annum, to adults $2 per year, and tickets to 
stockholders, and teachers and pupils of the 
borough schools, 2X$\ per annum. 

The constitution adopted provides that the 
Athenaeum be composed of five departments : 
A public library, a reading room, departments 
for literary and musical entertainments, and a 
debating club. 

Agricultural Societies. — The Schuylkill 
County Agricultural Society was organized 
at a meeting of farmers in Orwigsburg, Feb- 
ruary 22, 1 85 1. Hon. Jacob Hammer was 
chosen president, fedward Kearns and B. W. 
Hughes, vice-presidents ; J. S. Keller, secre- 
tary, and Henry Hoy, treasurer. A charter, 
which had been drawn up by J. S. Keller, was 
adopted, and Hon. Jacob Hammer was 



appointed to procure its enactment by the 

The first Fair of the Society was held at 
James Lessig's Hotel, in North Manheim, 
about three miles from Orwigsburg, on the 
Center turnpike. It was quite successful. In 
the summer of 1854, three-fourths of an acre 
of ground in Orwigsburg was purchased from 
Daniel Boyer and fitted up for a Fair Ground. 
Changes by sale and purchase have since 
been made to meet the growing requirements 
of the Society, and the present capacious, 
convenient, and tasteful grounds, including 
an area of eighteen acres, have been de- 

The records of the Society for a number of 
years arc lost, and a connected history of its 
doings cannot be given. Its Annual Fairs have 
been regularly held ; the exhibitions have been 
creditable, and it is believed that much good 
has been accomplished through their instru- 

The Agricultural and Industrial Associa- 
liini of the Cat.iwissa valley was organized in 
November, 1870, with the following officers: 
William Grant, president; Jacob Breisch, 

vice-president ; T. J. Foster, secretary ; Philip 
Kolb, treasurer. Five Annual Fairs were held 
by this Association, and two by a temporar)' 

The Society was re-organized in May, 1879, 
with the following officers : L. D. Krebs, 
president ; Jonathan Wetherington, vice-pres- 
ident ; Israel .Applegate, secretarj*. and Joseph 
Stauffer, treasurer. Two thousand dollars of 
the stock in this Society has been taken, and 
it has a good prospect of success. The direc- 
tors at this time were: J. .M. Litman, O. W . 
Chisington, G. R. Goodman, D. M Stauffer, G. 
S. Hughes, Lemuel Uccblc, Franklin Linder- 
muth, D. D. Krieger, P. M. Basson, 1' J 
■ Ferguson and Samuel Drasher. 

In 1856 a Society for the promotion of 
agriculture, horticulture and mechanics was 
organized at Schuylkill Haven, with John J. 
Paxon as president, and J. S. Keller, secretary. 
During .several vcars the Society was prosper- 
ous, and its annual exhibitions were well 
Mist.imecl; but financial einbairassineiits ulti- 
mately compelled it to suspend op)erations. 

The Mahanoy \'alley Agricultural Asso- 
ciation was organized in 1886. 





"I^ETEB W. SHKAFER was born March 
31, 1819, in Halifax, Dauphin county, 
Pennsylvania. His father, Henry Sheafer, an 
enterprising and prominent man, was one of the 
pioneers of that section, the president of the 
Lykens Valley railroad company, and devel- 
oped and superintended the Lykens Valley 
coal mines at Wiconisco, Dauphin county. 
He. was the first to introduce anthracite coal 
into the Susquehanna market in 1834. 

Mr. Sheafer received his early education in 
the schools near his birthplace, and then took 
a full course in the Oxford academy, New 
York. His father's example and his early 
associations had much to do with shaping the 
course of his aspirations, and it was in the 
battle of real life that he finished his educa- 

Mr. Sheafer's connection with his father in 
the early development of the Lykens Valley 
mines familiarized him with the geological 
structure of the coal measures of that region, 
and ultimately led to his joining the first geo- 
logical survey of Pennsylvania. While ex- 
amining these mines in 1836, Prof. Rogers 
was so impressed by ills geological knowledge, 
insight and enthusiasm, that he offered him, 
although but seventeen years old, a position 
on his corps. He was assigned with Prof. 
Whclpley, during the years 1837 and 1838, 

to the work of surveying and mapping the 
southern and middle anthracite coal fields. 

They worked out the complex structure o( 
these main basins, showing their canoe-like 
shapes, their combination of steep and gentle 
dips so accurately that the second geological 
survey, with the aid of thirty to fifty years' 
development by mining operations, has only 
elaborated their work. In 1839, he resigned 
i his position on the survey in order to again 
assist his father, with whom he remained until 
r848, when he went to I'ottsville and located 
' as a surveyor and engineer, first assistin;.,' and 
then succeeding Samuel B. Fisher. His train- 
ing on the geological survey at once proved 
' of great value to him, and his services as sur- 
i veyor, engineer and geologist were universally 
j demanded by landowners and operators in the 
Schuylkill, Mahanoyand Beaver Meadow dis- 
tricts. His reports cover almost every tract 
in these regions, and are hundreds in number. 
Mr. Sheafer, in connection with Wm. Par- 
ker Fouike and other gentlemen of Phila- 
delphia, succeeded in obtaining, in 1851, an 
appropriation froni the Legislature to com- 
plete the work of tlie first survey, and it is to 
him that the geological world is mainly in- 
debted for the publication of Rogers' magnifi- 
cent work. When the work was reorganized 
in 1851, Mr. Sheafer took charge of the umler- 




ground portion of it, and connected every 
mine working with the accurate surface survey- 
conducted by others of the corps. " He was," 
says Prof. Lesley, "the geologist of the survey 
in 185 1 par excellence, knowing more of the 
field than the rest of us combined." Among 
the assistants of the State survey there were a 
number of men, Whelpley, Desor, Lesquereux, 
Lesley, Sheafer and others, who have risen to 
eminence in their profession, and whose inti- 
macy in this work resulted in life-long friend- 
ships. Of these, now, only Lesley is living. 
After the completion of the survey of 1851, 
Mr. Sheafer continued in Pottsville, identified 
with the development of the several coal 
fields. He laid out Ashland, Girardville, 
Mahanoy City, .Shenandoah, Mount Carmel, 
Gilberton, Mahanoy Plane, and other now 
prosperous towns. He represented the Foulke 
and Preston Retreat lands, the Girard heirs, 
the City lands. He located the first mines of 
the Shenandoah and Mahanoy valleys, and 
lived to see that part of Schuylkill county 
grow from a wilderness to a prosperous and 
populous community, and the coal production 
from nothing to millions of tons. 

During the years 1870 to 1874, Mr. Sheafer 
made frequent efforts to secure the passage of 
the Bill authorizing the second geological 
survey of the State, and when this was ac- 
complished, assisted in having his friend and 
companion, Prof J. P. Lesley, of the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania, appointed State Geolo- 
gist, whose work he encouraged and aided. 

Mr. Sheafer was an intimate business and 
personal friend of the late Franklin B. Gowen, 
who constantly sought his advice in the pur- 
chase of many of the valuable estates now 
owned by the Philadelphia and Reading Coal 
and Iron Company. After the absorption of 
the greater part of the anthracite lands by the 

several railroad companies, Mr. Sheafer de- 
voted his untiring energies and wonderful 
sagacity to the development of the coal estates 
in which he and his friends were interested. 

His experience in geology led to his em- 
ployment in the examination of coal lands 
and development of mines all over the United 
States and Canada. His reports cover inves- 
tigations in Nova Scotia, Rhode Island, Vir- 
ginia, North Carolina, Alabama, Tennessee, 
Kentucky, Indian Territory, Texas, Colorado, 
New Mexico, Wyoming and Washington. 
He was frequently called to give expert testi- 
mony on coal and coal lands, one of the last 
occasions being in the celebrated Coxe-Lehigh 
valley case before the Interstate Commission. 

The development of the anthracite regions 
was his life-long study and pleasure, one of 
his last efforts being the compilation of nu- 
merous notes on coal waste and its prevention. 
How to mine and burn coal more economi- 
cally was the burden of his thought during 
his last years, as a member of the Coal Waste 
Commission. During all the years of his 
active career Mr. Sheafer compiled many 
maps, tables p{ the coal trade, etc., from the 
time when the industry amounted to but 
225,000 tons, up to his last year, when 
35,865,174 tons were mined in the anthracite 
region. This accumulation of statistics and 
maps show part of his life work, and would 
fill many volumes of great scientific valxie. 

One of his works is the Historical Map ^of 
Pennsylvania, which was published by the 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania in 1875. 
It showed patient research and great aptitude 
for statistical details. 

Among his more prominent publications 
are an exhaustive article on coal, in the Amer- 
ican supplement of the Encyclopedia Britan- 
nica, an Address before the Pardee Scientific 



Department of Lafayette College, Easton, Pa., 
and a paper on The Exhaustion of Anthracite 
Coal, read before the American Association 
for the Advancement of Science, at Saratoga, 
1X79, of which society he was a fellow. 

He was also a member of many other 
societies, among them the American Philo- 
sophical Society, the Academy of Natural 
Sciences of Philadelphia, the Historical Soci- 
ity of Pennsylvania, and the American Insti- 
tute of Mining Engineers. He was also one 
of the vice-presidents of the American Coloni- 
zation Society, and a member of many other 
bodies devoted to the improvement and edu- 
cation of humanity. 

In 1889, he was appointed by Gov. Beaver 
a member of the Coal Waste Commission, to 
investigate the more economical production 
of anthracite coal, of which commission he 
was a member at the time of his death. 

P. W. Sheafer always took an active interest 
in the affairs of the town in which he resided. 
He was a member of the School Board during 
a number of years after 1867, and was instru- 
mental in establishing the High School. He 
was one of the original members of the Be- 
nevolent Association in 1877, and its branch 
ciiaritable institution, the Children's Home, in 
which he continued great interest until the 
time of his death. He was also one of the 
originators of the Pottsville Athenaeum, and 
was for some years its president. He was 
also largely interested and aided financially in 
the establishment of numerous industries for 
the employment of the people and the im- 
provement of the town. 

He was also prominently connected with 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, but devoted 
much time to the furtherance of the general 
cause of religion, and aided churches of all 
denominations both locally and throughout 

the country. In politics, Mr. Sheafer was a 
stalwart republican, evincing an interest at 
all times in his party's welfare. He was the 
representative of his district among the presi- 
dential electors during the Blaine campaign 
of 1884, and in 1886 presided at the reception 
given to Blaine during the Beaver gubernato- 
rial campaign. Political offices he never oc- 
cupied, but held tho honorary position of 
United States Assay Commissioner in 1879. 

He continued his active business career 
during his entire lifetime, and died, after a 
brief illness, March. 26, 1891, at Brown's 
Mills in the Pines, New Jersey, where he had 
gone for the improvement of his health. 

In 1X48, Mr. Sheafer married Miss Harriet 
N. Whitcomb, a New England lady, who, with 
three sons and one daughter, survive him. 

•fcjKNJA.MIN H.VVWOOD, manufacturer, 
^^ was born in Southwell, near Notting- 
ham, England, November 9, 1804, and died 
July 9, 1878. 

His father and grandfather had both been 
manufacturers of hardware, and at the age of 
twelve he was apprenticed to a blacksmith, 
with whom he served his time. When twenty- 
four he emigrated to the United States, landing 
in New York in 1829. Not succeeding in 
finding work, he went to Philadelphia, and 
thence, on foot, to Reading, where he was ad- 
vised to try his fortune in Pottsville. After 
working there for a short time as a journey- 
man, he contrived to commence business in a 
small way on his own account. The system 
of mining coal below the water level being in- 
troduced about this time, his keen forcsif^ln 
showed him the future mechanical needs of 
Pottsville, and he went to Philadelphia in 
1833, where he purcha.sed a steam engine and 



some other machinery for his shop. This 
engine was put up by George W. Snyder, and 
was the first employed in Schuylkill county. 
In 1835 his sound judgment led to his forma- 
tion of the well-known firm of Haywood & Sny- 
der, Pottsville (his small machine shop being 
removed from Port Carbon for that purpose), 
established for building steam engines and 
mining and other machinery. In 1845 the 
firm erected an extensive machine shop and 
foundry at Danville, Pa. They made the first 
set of rolls for the manufacture of T rails in 
the United States, and .constructed, in 1845, 
the first apparatus for sawing hot iron. Aside 
from this business they were heavily engaged 
in coal mining operations, as Milnes, Hay- 
wood & Co. The main burden of this business 
fell on the subject of this sketch, who in 1850 
disposed of all his different interests and wenj: 
to California, but was at first unsuccessful. 
He had shipped a large number of frame 
houses to San Francisco, but they proved un- 
saleable and did not realize the cost of freight:. 
With customary energy he engaged' in the 
lumber business, erecting for that purpose a 
steam engine and saw-mill near Sonora — the 
first put up in California outside of San Fran- 
cisco. He was again unfortunate and returned 
to San Francisco without means. Borrowing 
a little money from one of his apprentice boys 
he started as a blacksmith ; subsequently 
adding the making of iron shutters, fire-proof 
doors and bank vafalts. In this he was highly 
successful, and while there had many offers of 
positions of trust and responsibility, but de- 
clined them all. He organized the Mechanics' 
Institute of San Francisco — now the most 
flourishing one on the Pacific coast^and was 
its President till his departure. 

After an absence of five years he decided to 
settle in Pottsville, and disposed of his busi- 

ness in the West at a handsome profit. His 
return to his old field of action was greeted 
by a perfect ovation ; the old workmen of 
Haywood & Snyder met him at the depot, and 
escorted him into the town in triumphal pro- 
cession. He then purchased an interest in the 
Palo Alto rolling-mill, at that time a small 
concern. It was first carried on by the firm 
of Haywood, Lee & Co., then by Benjamin 
Haywood & Co. ; and still later by Benjamin 
Haywood alone, who was its sole proprietor 
until his death, and the establishment grew 
into vast proportions. The capacity of the 
works was 20,000 tons annually, the number 
of hands employed, 500, with a monthly pay- 
roll of ;^ 20,000 ; and the yearly amount of 
business was from ^1,000,000 to |ii, 500,000. 
After the beginning of the late depression in 
the iron industries of our country these works 
were for some time continued in operation 
with the benevolent intention of giving em- 
ployment to the men, as the proprietor was 
independently wealthy from other sources. 
In 1862, he superintended the erection of 
the works of the Allentown Rolling Mill 
Company, and was its president for some years. 
He also built, in 1865, the Lochiel Iron 
Works at Harrisburg, by express desire of 
Simon Cameron. He was active in politics 
(though uniformly declining office), and was 
early a member of the old Whig or Home 
Industry party, but later joined the Repub- 
licans. He was one of the commissioners 
for organizing the Union Pacific Railroad, 
with Colonel Thomas A. Scott and J. Edgar 
Thompson. He was a kind friend to the 
colored people ; a generous benefactor to the 
working-man and the poor. During the war 
he was selected by Governor Curtin to visit 
the Pennsylvania troops and look to their 
comforts ; and by authority reclothed many 



regiments, one of them being the Fourth 
Pennsylvania volunteers, of which Governor 
Hartranft was colonel. 

In 1830 he was married to a daughter of 
Daniel Rhein — the first friend he found in this 
country, and a fine specimen of an honorable, 
godly man — who died at the age of ninety. 
His domestic relations were peculiarly happy, 
and his marriage was somewhat tinged by 
romance — it being by his wife's father's direc- 
tion that he settled in Pottsville. He had five 
children by this union — two sons and three 
daughters — of whom two daughters only are 

Much of the above sketch was drawn from 
the pages of the " Biographical Elhcyclopedia 
of renn.sylvania." 

|2i;n.IA.MIN B.VNNAN, journalist and po- 
litical economist, was born in L'nion 
township, Berks county, Pennsylvania, April 
22, 1807, and died July 29, 1875. 

1 1 i.s father was a farmer and teacher, occu- 
pied in agricultural pursuits during the spring, 
summer and fall, and tciciiing in the winter. 
1 k- (lied when his son was but eight years old. 
Benjamin went to school only about two years 
all together during the next seven years ; for 
at that time .schools were open only for three 
or four months, during cold weather. It was 
at Unionvillc that he was inspired with the 
iilc.i of becoming a printer and editor, from 
reading the Villat^e Record, to which the 
t( .ichcr subscribed, i laving learned the ut- 
most that was taught in the schools of that 
il.iy. at the age of iiftcen he was indentured to 
learn the printing business in the office of the 
Btrhs and Schuylkill Journal, of which George 
(ietz was proprietor, where he remained six 
years. During his term of service the same 

industry and honesty of purpose and action 
which characterized his whole life won the re- 
gard of his preceptor, who asked him to be- 
come his partner and associate in the business. 
Meanwhile, at the close of his apprenticeship, 
he had repaired to Philadelphia, where he 
worked in several printing offices, finally being 
engaged in the establishment of Lawrence 
Johnson, the celebrated type founder, where 
he added the art of stereotj'ping to his already 
thorough knowledge nf printing. After a visit 
to Reading, where he received the offer alread}' 
noted, he thought it advisable to decline it 
and directed his steps to Pottsville. On his 
arrival there he found the office of the Mmn's 
Journal in the hands of the sheriff; and, be- 
lieving that this was a fair opportunity and a 
field for future operations, concluded to pur- 
chase it. Almost all his ready funds were 
investetl in this enterprise, and the subscrip- 
tion list numbered but 250. This took place 
in April, 1829, and he was connected with 
this one paper nearly forty-four years. 

On July I, 1866, he disposed of a one-hall 
interest in the establishment, and wishing to 
retire from business in January, 1873, sold the 
other moiety ; nevertheless his attachment to 
the Journal was so great that he continued 
writing for the paper and attending to the 
coal statistics, as when he was sole owner. 
The number of subscribers had increased to 
over 4,cxx), and its weekly circulation was 
only exceeded by that of three other political 
journals in the State, outside of the large cities. 
Mr. Bannan's first vote was cast for John 
Ouincy Adams for President, in 1828, and he 
voted at every succeeding presidential election 
as long as he lived, and always in opposition 
to the Democracy. Indeed, during his whole 
life he never voted for a democrat when there 
was a contest between the political parties. 



He was always a firm and undeviating sup- 
porter of protection to American industry, 
and proposed and organized the first tariff 
league in 1840, after the disastrous effects of 
the first compromise bill had became apparent ; 
which led to the adoption of the tariff of 1842, 
the most beneficial measure, in many respects, 
ever passed by Congress. In 1841 and also 
in 1 861 he collected signatures to the longest 
petitions ever laid before the national legisla- 
ture, praying for protection to home industry. 
For a period of fifteen years he held the posi- 
tion of school director and for fourteen years 
was president of the board., During this 
period he suggested to Governor Pollock the 
present admirable normal school system of 
the State, in all its details, which was after- 
ward adopted. It is justly claimed for him 
that he was the first to propose a plan for a 
national currency; as far back as 1857 he first 
originated it and published a series of articles 
on the subject. His views were communi- 
cated to several prominent bankers, who 
acquiesced in his suggestions and admitted 
that such a currency as he proposed would be 
the best obtainable, but thought his scheme 
could not be carried out, as the States had 
usurped from the general government the 
power to issue money, and as the latter had 
so long acquiesced in their action the States 
would never surrender it. He even prepared 
circulars embodying his views and distributed 
them through the two houses of Congress, but' 
they received very little attention from any of 
the members. Four years elapsed, and the 
war of the Rebellion broke out and a national 
currency became a necessity. He communi- 
cated with and afterward visited Secretary 
Chase, recalled the circular and compared it 
with the bill Secretary Chase had prepared, 
and the latter was found to be in perfect 

accordance with Mr. Bannan's plan of 1857, 
except in a few uninlportant particulars and 
one important feature, which was not incor- 
porated in the bill — the introduction of an 
expanding limit. This was not done, as it 
was impossible to foresee what the exigencies 
of the country might demand. The idea of 
having an issue of currency in proportion to 
the wealth of the country and expanding it on 
that basis seems to have been original with 
him. It was submitted to the late Stephen 
Colwell, of Philadelphia, who was also a 
writer on currency, and who had collected all 
the works written on currency and money, in 
all languages, from all countries, numbering 
more than ' 700 volumes and pamphlets, and 
in none of them had he observed the expres- 
,sion of a similar idea. As a thinker and 
writer on important public matters Mr. Bannan 
belonged to an advanced school, and earned 
for himself an honored and respected name ; 
and wherever he was known, either at home 
or abroad, his opinion and advice were so- 
licited and made use of. As a practical re- 
former he was far-Seeing and liberal, and was 
ever among the foremost in proposing and 
carrying out ideas and projects tending to the 
improvement and advancement of his fellow- 
men, particularly of the laboring classes. As 
a writer on matters pertaining to the coal 
trade, his experience of over two score years 
in the anthracite region fitted him with special 
and peculiar qualifications. As a coal statis- 
tician he was the foremost in the country. 

The trade had grown up with himself, and 
in reality it had almost become second nature 
to him ; particularly on account of the use he • 
made of the opportunities that fell in his way 
in the matter of statistics. On coal his figures 
and tables are made use of in every publication 
of any importance in this country and abroad. 



We have in mind at this time two large 
works in which he is not only quoted, but 
highly complimented, and his tabular state- 
ments given are conclusive. 

As a high test of the value of the statistics 
he has collected in the coal trade, we need 
only refer to the fact that the Bureau of 
Statistics at Washington on several occasions 
honored him by asking him to furnish them 
with information on this important subject. 

The great work which he undertook to 
publish, and which he had prepared for publi- 
lication principally by Samuel H. Daddow. 
mining engineer, he only furnishing the sta- 
tistics and outlines for the same, is Lntitlcd, 
" Coal, Iron and Oil." It was the most ex- 
pensive single volume issued by any publisher 
during the Rebellion, reflects elicit credit 
upon him, and elicited from the London Min- 
ing Journal the statement that no single 
volume ever published in I^ngland affords so 
much information on the subjects treated of 
in that publication. 

Influenced by the peculiar circumstances of 
time, Mr. Bannan, about seven years ago, 
published a monograph on " Our National 
Currency and how to Improve it," which takes 
the ground as originally suggested in his first 
circular in 1S57, of adopting an expanding 
limit to its issue, keeping the paper issue 
unconvertible into coin on demand hereafter, 
but allowing a proportion of it to "be received 
in payment of duties; the lei^.il tenders of the 
government to be received in payment of 
taxes and debts due to the government ; the 
issue of national bank notes to be apportioned 
to the several li.uiks in proportion to their 
wealth ; the fractional currency to be cancelled 
and a ilebaseil silver connive substituted which 
would, therefore, always remain at home ; this 
was lione in England ne.irl\- fifty >ears ago. 

and as a consequence England has always re- 
tained her silver. These features may strike 
the ayerage reader as being somewhat novel 
and startling at first, but Mr Bannan discussed 
his propositions so clearly and forcibly that 
by many it is believed they will be received 
with more favor as they are studied and com- 
prehended by impartial and unbiased minds. 
Mr. Bannan was a worker all his life ; it was 
only when he could no longer hold the pen 
that he at last suffered it to drop from his 
fingers. In losing him the country lost a 
man whom it cannot .soon replace, and 
merits will always be acknowledged. 

The above is essential!)- as found in the 
Biographical Encyclopedia of PcnnsjKania. 

H<»\. DAVID B. <;I{I:kn, late law judge 
of Schuylkill county.and ajurist of high 
repute, was born in Reading, Berks county, 
Pennsylvania, December 22, 1831. His pa- 
rents were John and Catharine (Bright) Green, 
the former a successful merchant of Rcadin;,'. 
.\fter attending the schools of his native cit\' 
and some preparation in private schools, he 
entered Yale college, from which he was grad- 
uated in 1852. .After graduation he returned 
to Reading and began the study of law in the 
office of John S. Richards, Esq., being admit- 
ted to the bar in January of 1855. In April 
of the same year, he located in Pottsvillc, and 
started upon his professional career with 
marked success from the beginning. 

Shortly after the outbreak of the civil war, 
in the year 1862, he enlistcil in the service of 
his country, and was appointed adjutant of the 
129th regiment Pennsylvania volunteers, at 
that time attached to th* 5th army corps. 
With this regiment he .served nine months, 
taking part in the b.ittles at Bull Run, .\ntie- 



tarn, Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, to- 
gether with a number of minor engagements. 
During the summer of 1863, when Pennsylva- 
nia was in imminent danger of being invaded 
by the Rebel forces, he was instrumental in 
the organization of the " emergency " regi- 
ments, and was appointed lieutenant-colonel 
of the 27th Pennsylvania regiment, with which 
he continued until mustered out of the service 
in the following August. 

He resumed the practice of law in Pottsville, 
and in 1865 formed a law partnership with the 
late Hon. Lin Bartholomew. 

This partnership was amicably dissolved in 
1 866. In 1 867 he was appointed by Governor 
John W. Geary, without solicitation on his 
part, to fill the position of president judge of 
the new criminal court for the counties of 
Schuylkill, Dauphin and Lebanon, shortly 
before created by the passage of a State law. 
Afterwards Judge Green was elected to the 
position for a term of ten years, but the crimi- 
nal business of the court having been disposed 
of at the close of the year 1874, the court was 
abolished by the new constitution of the State, 
and he was transferred to the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas of Schuylkill county as law judge 
for the remainder of the term. His term of 
office having expired in 1 878, he then became 
the nominee of the Republican party for as- 
sistant law judge of the county, but was de- 
feated by Hon. O. P. Bechtel, after which he 
resumed the practice of his profession. In 
1881, however, he again presented himself as 
a candidate and was, elected judge of the Court 
of Common Pleas for a term of ten years- 
His term expired in 1891, and at that time he 
was again re-elected, holding the position to 
the time of his death, February 6, 1893. Dur- 
ing the entire period of Judge Green's service 
he was rigorously faithful to the performance 

of his duty. In point of fidelity, expedition 
in the dispatch of business, legal acumen, 
soundness of judgment and professional cour- 
tesy, his career is that of an agreeably excep- 
tional man. As a citizen of the county of 
Schuylkill and the commonwealth of Pennsyl- 
vania, he was uniformly honored and respected, 
even by his bitterest political opponents, while 
in his administration of justice, no one has 
ever presumed to charge him with the minutest 

Judge Green was united in marriage with 
Catharine, daughter of L. P. Brooke, formerly 
of Lynchburg, Va., but latterly of Pottsville, 
on December 8, 1870. To them have been 
born three children: Ida F., born July 25, 
1872 ; Katharine, born July 3 1, 1873 ; Douglas 
Bannan, born June 26, 1881. 

Judge Green was a member of Gowan Post, 
No. 23, G. A. R. In a business way he was 
for a number of years a director of the Safe 
Deposit Bank of Pottsville, of which he was 
one of the original stockholders. 

^* dent of Miners' National Bank of Potts- 
ville, Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania, and one 
of the most widely known business men of that 
city, is a descendant of John and Elinor 
Whitney, who emigrated from England and 
settled in Watertown, Massachusetts, in 1635 
— one of the oldest American families. Since 
that time the family has been separated into a 
number of branches, to one of which the sub- 
ject of our sketch belongs. He is a son of 
Lebbeus and Elizabeth (Ford) Whitney, and 
was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 
the i6th of January, 1823. In July, 1832, 
the family removed to Port Carbon, Pennsyl- 
vania, and consequently he became a citizen 



of Schuylkill county. He received his edu- 
cation in the public schools, was then fitted 
for college, and entered Dickinson college at 
Carlisle, Pennsylvania, from which he was 
graduated with the degree of A. B. in 1843, 
and received the Master's degree in 1846. 
After his graduation he began teaching in the 
female academy at Port Gibson, Mississippi, 
where he remained until 1847. At the expi- 
ration of this time he became a clerk in the 
Miners' Bank of Pottsville, and during which 
time he also pursued the study of law with 
the Hon. James H. Campbell. He was ad- 
mitted to the Schuylkill county bar in 1850, 
and engaged in the active practice of his pro- 
fession until in 1870, he became cashier of the 
Miners' National Bank, and finally in 1882, its 

Aside from his professional career and his 
connection with the bank, Mr. VVhitnc\' was 
instrumental in the formation of the Pottsville 
Benevolent association, which had its origin 
about the year 1867, and of which he was first 
president. He sorvcti in that capacity for a 
number of years, and was at the same time 
president of the I lomc for Friendless Children. 
He was also at one time clerk of the borough 
of Pottsville, and held the position of vestry- 
man of Trinity church. During the war of 
the Rebellion, he was adjutant of the ::7th 
regiment, Pennsylvania volunteer militia, and 
was mustered out of service on 

On December 19, 1850, he married Ann T 
Potts, daughter of Thomas M. and Hannaette 
R. Potts. His first wife died on September 
19, 1854, at the age of twenty-seven years. 
On October 2, 1862, he was united in marriage 
with Kmma St. Clair Nichols, daughter of 
Francis B. and Anna M. Nichols, of Potts- 
ville. He is the father of the following 
children: Potts, born October 18, 1 851, died 

December 21, 1869; Xattie A., born August 
31, 1853; Harriet Nichols, born December 
12, 1863, died December 27, 1863; William 
A., bom December 6, 1864; Frsmcis Nichols, 
bom April i, 1868; Emma St. C.,born March 
16, 1870. 

Mr Whitney is a member of Pulaski Lodge 
Xo. 216, F. and A. Masons, and Ancient 

York Mason, Chapter , with which he 

became connected on January 29, 1855. and 
was made Master in 1857. Of the latter 
organization he was di-^trict deputy Grand 

In both his public and his private life, Mr. 
Whitney is a man of excellent qualities. Aside 
from the business world he is an intelligent 
observer of the political and social movements 
n( the times, and has given considerable time 
and thought to the various forms of social 
economy. In his contact with men he is 
dignified and courteous, and shows a com- 
mendable sympathy with the movements and 
measures which tend tn elevate and purify 
the present state of modern snciet\-, whether 
from the standpoint of politics, of business, or 
religion. He is regarded as one of the sub- 
stantial and trustworthy citizens of Pottsville. 

HON. JOHX >V. RVON. of Pottsville, one 
of the leading lawyers of the State of 
Pennsylvania, belongs to an old and distin- 
guished family. He is the son of John and 
Susannah Ryon, and was born at Elkland, 
Tioga county, Pennsylvania, March 4, 1825. 
His father was a native of Hanover township, 
Luzerne county, and first saw the light of day 
on January I, 1787. He remained a resident 
of his native county for a period of fourteen 
years, at the expiration of which time his 
father removed to South Port, near Elmira, 



New York. Here he remained until the year 
i8ii,when he returned to his native State 
and began the cultivation of a farm at Elkland, 
Tioga county — a pioneer farmer of that beau- 
tiful valley which has since become one of the 
most productive and wealthy agricultural dis- 
tricts of the State. He was a man of broad 
experience and great practical intelligence, 
besides possessing a jare and discriminating 
business tact. With these qualifications,- he 
was called upon to serve the interests of the 
people in capacity of a law maker and a law 
conservator. He was elected to the lower 
house of the Pennsylvania Legislature several 
successive times, and later to a place in the 
Senate of the same body. Besides these 
places of trust he was superintendent of canals 
of Pennsylvania for four years, and associate 
judge of Tioga county for fifteen years. His 
entire public service reflected a deep integrity 
and brought to him not only the respect and 
confidence of the people, but the conscious- 
ness of a work performed from unselfish and 
loyal motives. 

The childhood' and youth of the son, John 
W., was passed in an uneventful way upon his 
father's farm at Elkland. He began his edu- 
cation in the public schools and continued it 
at Millvflle academy, Orleans county, New 
York, and Wellsboro academy, Tioga county, 
Pennsylvania. " After graduating he read law 
under Hon. John C. Knox, of Wellsboro, 
Pennsylvania, until Judge Knox was elected 
to a seat in the Pennsylvania Legislature, 
when he finished his studies under the Hon. 
James Lowrey, and was admitted to practice 
in the county of Tioga in December, 1846. 
After admission to the bar he opened an office 
in Lawrenceville, Tioga county, where he 
commenced the practice of his profession and 
continued until 1863. Four years after 

launching upon his professional career, he 
was elected district attorney of his county, 
and at the expiration of the term was re- 
elected. The conditions which were then 
present in Tioga county gave rise to many 
different phases of legal procedure, embrac- 
ing a large number of mining and ejectment 
cases, all of which had a decided influence in 
developing the legal faculty and presenting 
many of the finer issues of legal procedure. 
Mr. Ryon benefited by this valuable experi- 
ence, and to it, no doubt, is due considerable 
of his ability and resources as an ejectment 
lawyer. In his own county he was brought 
in contact with many men of ability and 
acumen, but his practice soon extended beyond 
its limits, and he was burdened with demands 
for his services in many of the surrounding 
counties. With a view to secure a less varied 
practice, together with the comforts of home 
life and the pleasures of intellectual culture, 
he removed to Pottsville during the civil war. 
Here he took place among the leaders of the 
bar, and was identified with almost every im- 
portant case. In 1878, he was nominated for 
Congress by the Democratic party of the 
thirteenth district, and after an exciting cam- 
paign in which both the Republican and 
Greenback-labor parties figured as opposition, 
he was elected by a small majority. The 
Greenback-labor party held to a species of 
commission which was vehemently opposed 
by Mr. Ryon, who declared for the principles 
" that labor is best protected when the labor- 
ing man is free to make his own contracts ; 
that all the laws which interfere with this 
right are hostile to the laboring man ; that 
the wages of labor should be fully protected, 
and that the proprietors of mines, manufac- 
tories, etc., should be required to secure their 
employees against damages ; that capital and' 




labor have a common interest; that capital 
should pay fair wages for an honest day's 
work, and wages should be paid in honest 
money ; that paper money not redeemable in 
gold and silver is not money." As a member 
of Congress, Mr. Ryon was regarded as one 
of the ablest lawyers of that body, in whose 
practical sense and wisdom the interests of his 
constituents were safe. 

Besides professional duties, Mr. Ryon has 
been conspicuous in business and public en- 
terprise. For many years he was a director 
and for several years has been president of the 
Pennsylvania National Bank of Pottsville, and 
holds the position of director in the Gas, 
Electric Light and Title Insurance and Trust 
companies of Pottsville. At Elkland, he is 
the owner of a new roller flouring mill and a 
fine farm of four hundred acres, besides other 
interests of minor importance. 

At the outbreak of the civil war, John W. 
Ryon was an active Union man and took a 
prominent part in raising and mobilizing 
troops. He assisted in organizing company A, 
of the famous Bucktail regiment and accom- 
panied it to the State capital. Upon General 
Cameron's refusal to receive any more troops, 
this company was obliged to go into quarters 
at Harrisburg, and the project of organizing a 
reserve corps of fifteen thousand troops for 
Pennsylvania was originated. Our subject 
took an aggressive part in procuring the pas- 
sage of a bill with such purport through the 
Pennsylvania Legislature. The corps was 
organized, and Mr. Ryon was appointed by 
Governor Curtin as paymaster, with the rank 
of major. This position he held until the 
corps was mustered into service in November, 
1 86 1. This corps reached Washington in a 
moment of imminent peril, and prevented the 
capture of the capital after the disastrous 

defeat of the Union army at Bull Run. Its 
history is written in symbols of death and 
martyrdom, and its heroism is attested by the 
missing limb and the unmarked grave. Very 
few survived the war. 

Mr Ryon was twice married, first to Julia 
F". Pinkham, a daughter of Tobias Pinkham, 
of the State of Maine, a clergyman of the 
Presbyterian church and a well-known gradu- 
ate of Andover theological seminary. His 
first wife died in 1866, after having given birth 
to two children : Frank J., at present a resi- 
dent of California, formerly an admitted at- 
torney of Schuylkill county ; Julia F., mar- 
ried to Girard Hobart, of Colorado. Mr. 
Ryon's second wife was Mary E. Dougherty, 
a daughter of Dennis Dougherty, of Potts- 
ville, whom he married in 1868. To this 
marriage the following children were born : 
John W., Jr., in the milling business at I-lk 
land, Tioga county, married to Alice Haegy, 
daughter of Dr. Hacgy, of Oceola, Pennsyl- 
vania; Robert, a lad of thirteen, at home. 


A American ancestry of the Thompson 

family, of which the subject is a member, is 
traceable back to the year 1735, the date of 
the earliest settlement by any of its members 
in the United States. They are of Scotch lin- 
eage, descendants from a stock of old Scotch 
Covenanters, who early in the eighteenth cen- 
tury passed over from Scotland to Ireland, 
where they became temporary residents. The 
first to emigrate to this side of the Atlantic 
were John Thompson, Sr., and his brother 
James, who left County Antrim, Ireland, about 
1735, and upon landing in Pennsylvania took 
up residence at Cross Roads, Chester county. 
From thence they removed to Hanover town- 



ship, Lebanon county (then Chester county), 
and later to a place about ten miles distant 
from Harrisburg. Here John married his 
second wife, a Miss Slocum, and shortly after- 
ward removed to a farm three miles east of 
Thompsontown, which fell by bequest to his 
sons, Peter and Thomas. At Thomas' death 
he bequeathed his interest to Peter, who in 
turn bequeathed it at his death to John Peter, 
his son, deceased in 1882. James Thompson 
settled along South Mountain, in Franklin 
county, where his descendants still reside. 
John, Sr., was married three times : first to 
Miss Greenleaf (or Greenlea) ; upon her death 
to Miss Slocum, and the third time to Sarah 
Patterson. By his first marriage he had four 
children, one of whom,, William, was the grand- 
father of Heber S., of this sketch. He was 
born in Thompsontown, Hanover township, 
Dauphin county, Pennsylvania, in 1754; served 
in the war for independence, and particpated 
in the battles of Brandywine and Germantown. 
By occupation he was a farmer and merchant. 
He married Jane Mitchell, of Chambersburg, 
Pennsylvania, by whom he had six sons and 
three daughters — one son, Samuel, being the 
father of William, Lewis C., Heber S., and 
Emily. Samuel (father) was born in Thomp- 
sontown, Dauphin county, in the year 1792, 
and died in Pottsville, Pennsylvania, March 7, 
1851, On November 6, 1827, he was united 
in wedlock with Ann Alricks, of Harrisburg, 
who died August 27, 1828, at the age of 
twenty-nine years and ten months, without 
issue. He again married, August 6, 1833, 
Elizabeth Cunningham, of Newton Hamilton, 
Mifflin county, Pennsylvania. She was born 
March 3, iSo5,and died at Pottsville, Pennsyl- 
vania, October 5, 1874, the mother of four 
children: William, born May 22, 1834, Vice- 
President Miners' National Bank of Pottsville, 

and Lieutenant-Colonel in the 17th Penn- 
sylvania Cavalry from 186 1 to 1865; Lewis 
C, merchant of Pottsville, born November 
7, 1835, married to Rebecca F. Bruner, of 
Chester county, by whom he has the following 
children: Elizabeth, Marie Louise, Carrie 
Frances, William M. and Elsie; Emily J., 
married to Major Edward C. Baird, both de- 
ceased, and Heber Samuel. 

Heber Samuel Thompson was born in Potts- 
ville, Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania, August 
14, 1840. After receiving his preparatory 
education he fitted for college, entered Yale 
University, and was graduated therefrom with 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1861, receiv- 
ing the degree of M. A. from the same Uni- 
versity in 1 87 1 . After leaving his alma mater 
he enlisted in the civil war, April 16, 1 861, at 
Pottsville, as a private soldier, in company H, 
25th regiment Pennsylvania volunteers, the 
first troops to reach Washington. On July 29, 
1 86 1, his first term of enlistment expired, and 
he re-enlisted October 22, 1861, in the 7th 
Pennsylvania cavalry, as first lieutenant" of 
company F, and May i, 1863, was promoted 
to the captaincy of the company. On March 
18, 1864, he was transferred to the position of 
acting inspector-general of the first brigade, 
second cavalry division, army of the Cumber- 
land, and served in this capacity until August 
20, 1864. Being then a prisoner of war on 
parole, and unable to secure an exchange, he 
resigned, and was discharged January 24, 1865. 
His first service was in the army of the Cum- 
berland, under General Buell, during which 
time he participated in eleven engagements, 
in one of which — at Horse Cave, Kentucky — 
with his company, he captured six officers of 
General Bragg's staff, with other prisoners. 
In the same army, under General Rosecrans, 
he took part in six engagements, and on June 



27, 1863, with his regiment, in a famous charge, 
captured three pieces of artillery and four hun- 
dred prisoners at Shelbyville, Tennessee. He 
was afterwards transferred to Sherman's army 
in its campaign to Atlanta. During this time 
he passed through twelve engagements, and 
was finally taken prisoner at Lovejoy Station, 
« Georgia, August 20, 1864. He was carried to 
Macon and Augusta, Georgia, successively, 
and then to Charleston, South Carolina, where 
he remained in the prisoners' hospital at Ri- 
kersville (a suburb of Charleston), until De- 
cember 18, 1864. Since 1874 Mr. Thompson 
has been the civil and mining engineer of the 
Girard estate. 

He is a member of the American Philo- 
sophical Society, Philadelphia, a member of 
the Historical .Society of Pennsylvania, and of 
the American Institute of Mining Engineers. 
Among other organizations with which he is 
identified as a member arc the following : So- 
ciety of l""irst Defenders, of which he is vice- 
president ; Post No. 23, (i. A. R.,of Pottsville, 
Pennsylvania ; Union Veteran Legion, En- 
campment No. — , Pottsville ; Loyal Legion 
of the United States; member and vice-presi- 
dent of the board of trustees of the State hos- 
pital for injured persons of the anthracite coal 
region at Ashland, Pennsylvania ; member of 
the county visiting committee of the State 
Board of Charities and State committee on 
lunacy ; president of board of directors of the 
Edison Electric Illuminating company, of 
Pottsville ; member of the board of directors 
of the Orphans' Home, Pottsville ; director of 
the Pennsylvania (Schuylkill Valley division) 
railroad company ; general manager of the 
Girard water company. He is a communi- 
cant and elder of the First Presbyterian Church, 
and also superintends its Sabbath school. 
Mr. Thompson married January 23, 1866, 

Sarah E. Beck, daughter of Isaac Beck, of 
Pottsville, who has borne him the following 
children : Emily, married to J. Parker Hood, 
an officer of the Union Trust Company of 
Philadelphia; Samuel Clifton, a graduate of 
Yale University in class of 1 891, and of the 
School of Miners, Columbia University, New 
York, class of 1 893 ; Margaretta L., Eleanor 
(deceased), and Heber Harris. 

JOHN W. UOSKBEKKY, the oldest but 
one of the living attorneys at the Schuyl- 
kill count)' bar, and a man whose name was 
prominently identified with many of the busi- 
ness enterprises of the county, is a son of 
John \V. and Margaret (Good) Roseberry, born 
on July 20, 1817, in Orwigsburg, Schuylkill 
county, lVnn>\lvania. About 1730, John 
RoscbciT)-, great-grandfather of John W. , left 
the place of his nativity near the Scottish 
border in England, and set sail for America. 
After landing and some little inspection of 
loc.ilitics. he located on a farm near Phillips- 
burg, Warren county. New Jersey, where he 
spent the remainder of his days in agricultural 
pursuits. His son, William Roseberry, grand- 
father of John W'., aiiiiptiil his father's voca- 
tion, married Mary Mackey, and had a family 
embracing seven children, one of whom, John 
\V., Sr., was the father of oursubject. The father 
was born on the old homestead in New Jersey, 
in the year 1793, and after receiving a fair 
common school education he attended what 
afterwards became Lafayette College. After 
finishings this general preliminary education, 
he entered upon the study of law with a 
prominent attorney of Reading, Pennsylvania, 
and was admitted to the Berks county bar. 
In 181 1, shortly after his admission he re- 
moved to Orwigsburg, then the county seat uf 



Schuylkill county, and here practiced his pro- 
fession until his death in 1825. In politics, 
he was a democrat, and was elected as repre- 
sentative of the counties of Berks and Schuyl- 
kill to the State legislature. At this period 
the Commonwealth was brought to face many 
grave public questions, all of which were in- 
delibly impressed upon him with peculiar 
significance. Later, he held in the county of 
his adoption the office of deputy Attorney- 
General, an office corresponding at the present 
time to that of district attorney. 

He showed, also, a decided interest in the 
martial equipment of the State, and for a time 
held the commission of Captain of a company 
of volunteers at Orwigsburg. During the 
construction of the Schuylkill canal, he served 
in the capacity of a civil engineer. He was the 
father of three children ; John W. ; Mary 
(now deceased), married to J. Oliver Rhodes, 
acting secretary of the Shenandoah Water 
Company of Shenandoah, and Rebecca, the 
wife of George McCabe, an attorney of Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania. 

John W. Roseberry married on October 20, 
1846, Elizabeth S., a daughter of George 
Douglass, formerly of Philadelphia, but whose 
death occurred in Orwigsburg. By this ^ 
marriage they have the following children : 
George D., secretary and treasurer of the 
Pottsville Spike and Bolt works. These works 
were established in 1872 and incorporated in 
1 890, for the purpose of manufacturing spikes 
and bolts largely used in the coal regions, 
though a general business is done throughout 
the country. The plant necessitates the em- 
ployment of about forty men, and has proved 
a success of no mean order, due largely to 
tact and executive ability of those in imme- 
diate charge. It is officered as follows : John 
W. Roseberry (now deceased), president ; 

George D. Roseberry, secretary and treasurer; 
directors, J. O. Rhodes, Frank Roseberry, 
Rachel M. Douglass. The second child, Annie, 
is married to Nathaniel P. Hobart, of New 
York City ; Frank is assistant cashier of the 
Pennsylvania National Bank of Pottsville; 
Mazie, married to W. Malison Hall, agent for 
the Scribner Publishing Company; Clement,, 
a civil and mining engineer. 

Mr. Roseberry received a good education 
in the academy at Orwigsburg and other 
academies and private schools of the county. 
After leaving school, he entered the office of 
the Miners' Journal, where he learned the 
trade of a printer. He then entered the em- 
ploy of L. Johnson 81 Co., printers and stereo- 
typers of Philadelphia, and there made an 
enviable reputation as an efficient and careful 
worker. He afterwards gave up printing, 
began the study of law with A. W. Potts at 
Orwigsburg, and was admitted to the Schuyl- 
kill county bar in 184 1. Here he opened an 
office and continued to practice until the 
county seat was changed to Pottsville, when 
he also removed .thither. His practice in 
Pottsville was varied and successful, and 
his professional career has done much to re- 
flect credit upon the man. In addition to the 
practice of law, Mr. Roseberry was con- 
nected prominently with many other of the 
business enterprises of the borough in which 
he lived. He was for a number of years a 
director of the Pennsylvania National Bank, 
and also for some time president of the Moun- 
tain City Banking Company. During the latter 
part of his life he was president of the Potts- 
ville Spike and Bolt works, and of the Great 
Kanawha Coal and Lumber Company, the 
latter of which owns and controls a large 
tract of coal and timber land in Kanawha 
county. West Virginia. 



In politics, Mr. Roseberry was originally a 
whig, and became a republican upon the 
organization of that party, remaining such 
until tfie Hayes-Tilden campaign, when he 
became dissatisfied with the principles and 
practices of that party and became a democrat. 
He adhered to the Democratic party since 
that time, though never wedded to pure par- 
tyism, preferring principle to party. In 1848, 
he was elected to the legislature of Pennsyl- 
vania, but did not aspire to a second term. 
While a member of that body he was con- 
nected with a number of important committees. 
He has filled many local offices, and no matter 
how unimportant they may have seemed, 
always discharged his duty with the utmost 

fidelity. At the time of his death, 

1893, he was president of the Bar Association 
of Schuylkill county. For twenty years he 
held membership in the Episcopal church, 
attesting his religious faith in addition to 
the many commendable characteristics ex- 
hibited in his social, professional and business 

rrj ILLIAM J. MATZ. ex-sheriff of 
^-^^-^ Schuylkill county and a well-known 
business man, is a son of William and Cath- 
erine (Kerechner) Matz, was born in West 
Brun.swick township, Schuylkill county, Penn- 
sylvania, December i, 1838. His grandfather 
Matz was a native of Berks county, which at 
that time embraced Schuylkill, where he pur- 
sued farming as an occupation and resided 
until his death. He was a JefTersonian demo- 
crat and enthusiastic in the support of his 
party. His marriage resulted in the birth of 
the following children : Joseph, Daniel John, 
William (father of William J.), Gabriel, Susan 
Moyer, Mary, Mrs. Schellenberger, and Mrs. 
Hammer, who was formerly married to Henry 

Ranch, sheriff of this county, but afterwards 
to Eli Hammer. Subject's father, William 
Matz, was bom on the old homestead in West 
Brunswick township, Berks county, Novem- 
ber II, 1 801, where he continued to reside 
until 1848, when he removed to Pottsville, 
Pennsylvania. The earlier part of his life he 
spent in farming, but after removing to Potts- 
ville purchased the Merchants' hotel (then 
called the White Horse), which occupied his 
time for some years. In politics he was a 
staunch, active democrat, and in October, 
1855, he was elected by his party to the office 
of sheriff of Schuylkill county for a term of 
three years. He died in July, 1865, and at 
the time of his death and prior, was a member 
of the German Reformed church. The fol- 
lowing named children resulted from his 
marriage: George W. (dead), Thomas H., 
Daniel (deceased), Jemima Wagner, Amelia 
Drumheller, Mary E. Matz, Susan Schellen- 
berger, Louis Wolf and Emma V. Wieder; 
one died in infancy. 

William J., the remaining son, marrieti 
Julia A. Richards, of Pottsville, Pennsylvania, 
October, 1859, a daughter of Samuel Richards, 
by whom he has ten children, six of whom 
have grown to maturity: Julia, married \o 
John C. McClure of Los Angeles, California ; 
Katie, married to J. Oliver Roads, Jr.; Flora, 
Lulu, Marion and William J., Jr., at home. 
Mr. Matz received his education in the public 
schools of Pottsville and at Lititz academy, 
Lancaster county, Pennsylvania. After leav- 
ing school, he acted as Deputy Sheriff under 
his father during his tenure of office. In 
1859, he became joint proprietor, with Jesse 
Drumheller, of the Merchants' hotel, under 
the firm name of Matz and Drumheller. When 
the Civil War began he sold his interest to 
his partner, and in 1867 engaged in coal min 



ing in this county and in operating iron ore 
beds in Lancaster county. In this he was 
engaged until the year 1869, when he was 
elected to the office of Prothonotary for 
Schuylkill county, in which capacity he served 
for a period of three years. At the expiration 
of this time he again resumed coal operating 
in his native county until 1875, and in Clear- 
field county to the present time. In 1877, he 
became a candidate for Sheriff on the Demo- 
cratic ticket and was elected for a term of 
three years. Mr. Matz has always taken a 
commendable interest in county, "State and 
national political affairs. In 1876 he was a 
delegate to the Democratic National Conven- 
tion which met at St. Louis and nominated 
Samuel J. Tilden for the presidency, and has 
frequently represented his party as a delegate 
to State conventions. Previously, in 1867, he 
was mail agent between Pottsville and Phila- 
delphia on the Philadelphia and Reading rail- 
road. At the present time (1893), Mr. Matz 
is treasurer of the Cressona Powder company, 
located near Cressona, Pennsylvania. This 
company was organized in 1890, and he at 
once became treasurer and manager, having 
also been one of the organizers. The entire 
conduct of the business now lies in his hands, 
to which he has brought a valuable experience, 
tact and executive ability. He is also treas- 
urer of the Schuylkill Haven Iron company, 
located at Schuylkill Haven, this county. He 
is a member of Pulaski Lodge, No. 216, F. 
and A. M. 

TA^ILLIAM L. YODER, cashier of Mahanoy 
City First National bank, who is prom- 
inently identified with the business interests 
of that city, is a son of Daniel and Mary 
(La Rosa) Yoder. He was born near Orwigs- 
burg, Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania, March 

19, 1830. His ancestors were natives of 
Berks county, Pennsylvania, where his pater- 
nal grandfather, Peter Yoder, lived and died. 
Peter was a farmer, merchant and hotel keeper 
combined, and through thrift and industry 
acquired quite a comfortable competency. He 
was father of eight children : Hannah, wife of 
Abraham Mensh ; Esther, married to Daniel 
Focht; Benjamin, deceased; Daniel, father of 
subject; Elizabeth, wife of Abram Strom; 
George, Sarah and Mary. 

Daniel Yoder (father) was born in Berks 
county, Pennsylvania, Oley township, July 15, 
1789, and removed to a place near Orwigs- 
burg, Schuylkill county, in the year 1825. In 
1850 he went to Pottsville, Pennsylvania, and 
died there December 3, 1871. He was a tan- 
ner by trade, and prior to his removal to 
Orwigsburg gave his entire attention to that 
business, acting in the capacity of manager 
for his father. Subsequently he engaged in 
building boats at Orwigsburg for the Schuyl- 
kill canal, and later, undertook the manufac- 
ture of pumps, in connection with which" he 
became a contractor for laying water-pipes. 
He was a man of considerable energy and a 
respected citizen of the different places in 
which he lived. Together with his wife, he 
held membership in the Evangelical church, 
while in politics he cast his ballot with the 
Whig and Republican parties in the order of 
their existence. In church work he was in 
deep sympathy and devoted much time and 
strength to furthering its interests. His mar- 
riage occurred on February 22, 1815, and 
resulted in the birth of seven children: Eliza, 
Caroline, Mary, Charles, Joseph I., William L. 
and James; all deceased, with the exception 
of James, Eliza and subject. 

William L. Yoder was joined in matrimony 
with Anna Wooley, a daughter of George and 


Sarah (Roberts) Wooley of England, but ] 
recently of Pottsville, on April 24, 1855. To j 
this uniort four children have been bom, three 1 
of whom are still living : Howard W. , married | 
to Anna Kenney of Philadelphia, and now i 
residing in New Castle, Virginia, where he is { 
cashier of the First National bank ; Clara A., 
wife of Charles A. Stine, Jr., of Norristown, 
Pennsylvania, in the plate glass business with 
Heroy & Co.; Emily F., at home. 

Mr. Yoder received his education in the 
Orwigsburg academy, and upon leaving school 
began life as a clerk in Pottsville, which con- 
tinued to be his occupation for sixteen years. 
In i860 he was employed as receiver of taxes 
for the borough of Pottsville, and in 1 862 was 
appointed deputy collector of internal revenue 
for the tenth district, composed of the coun- 
ties of Schuylkill and Lebanon. He served 
in this capacity for two years under James A. 
Inness, collector of that district. In Decem- 
ber, 1864, he was appointed cashier of the 
First National bank of Mahanoy City, and 
down to the present time has filled that posi- 
tion, having removed to that city at the 
beginning of his appointment. Mr. Yoder 
was one of the organizers of the Mahanoy 
City Gas company, and has been treasurer of j 
it since its inception in 1872. He is also | 
treasurer of the Light, Heat and Power com- 
pany of the same city, organized in February 
of 1888. Besides these he has interested 
himself in the Union Saving Fund, of which he 
was treasurer and director, and the Serial 1 
Building and Loan association. For a num- | 
ber of years Mr. Yoder served on the school 
board in various capacities, and exhibited an 
unusual degree of interest in the educational ! 
condition of his city. 

He is a member of various fraternal organi- 
zations, among which are the following: 

Mahanoy City Lodge, No. 357, F. and A. J\I., 
of which he is past master, and is now treas- 
urer of both blue lodge and chapter; Mizpah 
Chapter, No. 252, R. A. M.; Girard Lodge, 
No. 52, I. O. O. F., of Pottsville, of which he 
is Past Grand. 

Mr. Yoder took a prominent part in the 
establishment of the Methodist Episcopal 
church in Mahanoy City, and has been one of 
its most influential workers, and is a member 
of the Building committee for the erection of 
a new church now in progress. He has been 
superintendent of the Sunday school of that 
body for sixteen years, and in all his relations 
as citizen, business man or churchman, enjoys 
a merited respect and confidence. 

"pPHRAIM BARLOW, a respected citizen 
■^ of Mahanoy City and the representative 
of one of the old families of Schuylkill county, 
is a son of Nathan and Esther (Kulp) Barlow, 
and was bom in New Philadelphia, Schuylkill 
county, Pennsylvania, on August 17, 1837. 

His father was a native of Montgomery 
county, Pennsylvania, born in January, 1795, 
and came to New Philadelphia, this county, 
in the year 1824. His residence at New Phil- 
adelphia extended down to the year 1868, 
when he removed to Mahanoy City, where he 
died February 28, 1870. During the last 
twenty-five years of his life he filled the office 
of justice of the peace, but prior to that time 
he had been a merchant and coal operator in 
a small way. While in New Philadelphia he 
was engaged in the saw-mill and lumber busi- 
ness, and for a short time, 1828 to 1829, oper- 
ated a coal shaft at Lick Run, this county. 

Prior to the late civil war he gave his sup- 
port to the Democratic party, but after the 
close of that conflict he transferred his vote to 



the Republican party. In church matters he 
is an attendant upon the services of the Pres- 
byterian church. 

On June i, 1817, he was united in marriage 
with Ann Brooks, of Montgomery county, by 
whom he had one child, John, born May i, 
1818, and deceased in 1887. Mrs. Barlow 
died May i, 18 18, at the age of about twenty- 
five years. His second marriage occurred 
March 10, 1824. By this marriage he had 
the following children : William H., born 
September 4, 1825 ; Phcebe, born June 16, 
1827, and deceased January 18, 1859 ; Nathan, 
born November 24, 1829, and deceased March 
16, 1856; Hiram, born August 23, 1831, and 
deceased February 28, 1856; Daniel, born 
January 22, 1835, and deceased August 12, 
1883; Ephraim, subject ; Alfred, born March 
13, 1841 ; Malinda, born November 24, 1843, 
and died March 24, 1 867 ; Esther, born Feb- 
ruary 21, 1846, died May i, 1882; Harriet, 
born November 22, 1848, died November 2, 
1851; George W., born May 17, 185 1, died 
June 2, 1858. 

Ephraim Barlow was joined in marriage 
with Joanna M. Beddall, a daughter of Thomas, 
Sr., and Mary Beddall, of Port Carbon, in June, 
1863. To this union three children have 
been born, two of whom died in infancy, the 
third, George Washington, was born on De- 
cember 3, 1866, and married Ida Beddall, who 
is deceased. He married a second wife in the 
person of Anna Skeath, and now resides in 
Mahanoy City, where he is a successful lumber 
dealer. Mr. Barlow, subject, was educated in 
the common schools of Schuylkill county, and 
in 1857 journeyed to California, where he en- 
gaged in gold mining for a period of five years. 
In the winter of 1862 he returned to Mahanoy 
City and embarked in the merchandising bus- 
iness, which engaged his attention up to the 

year 1876. At the termination of this period 
he began a wholesale and retail lumber busi- 
ness, to which he has devoted his attention 
down to the present time. He is director of 
the Army Hall association, is a 'republican in 
politics, and served a number of terms upon 
the borough council of Mahanoy City. Re- 
ligiously he is a member of the English Luth- 
eran church, and in the fraternal world is 
identified with Mahanoy City Lodge, No. 357, 
F. and A. M., of which he has been junior 
and senior deacon. 

♦^R. JOHN S. KISTLEK, a physician of 
recognized skill and ability of Shenan- 
doah, Pennsylvania, and president of the First 
National bank of that city, is a son of William 
V. B. and Judia (Seidel) Kistler, and was born 
in Lehigh county, Pennsylvania, April 27, 
1857. His ancestors on the paternal side 
were originally of German stock, but left the 
fatherland seven generations ago. Among 
the first to take up residence in this country 
was one George Kistler, who after his arrival 
located in Montgomery county, Pennsylvania, 
where he figured as one of the earliest settlers 
of that section of the State. From Mont- 
gomery county his descendants scattered to 
other localities, notably Lehigh county, where 
John Kistler, the grandfather of Dr. John S., 
was born and lived during the entire period 
of his life. He followed the occupation of 
farming, which by thrift and industry brought 
him a comfortable livelihood, and death closed 
over his career leaving nothing but the record 
of a life of honesty and right endeavors. His 
marriage to Mary Probst was productive of a 
number of children, among whom was the 
father of our subject, who was born in the 
county of Lehigh in the year 1830, to whose 


soil he has clung ever since. When he arrived 
at the proper age, he adopted his father's 
occupation, farming, and has by dint of econ- 
omy and good management become quite 
prosperous. To the business of farming he 
added that of drover, but at present is living 
practically a retired life. In his political 
views he is an adherent of the Democratic 
party, though never a partisan in a strict sense, 
nor blinded to the true purpose of legislation. 
From a religious point of view he was a mem- 
ber of the Evangelical Lutheran church. He 
married a daughter of Braugher Seidel, and 
had ten children, five sons and five daughters. 
The five sons were all physicians: Wm. F. 
practices in Minersville, this county; Dr. John 
S. (subject); Hiram, dead; Milton S, practices 
in Shenandoah; Douglas S., practices in 
Wilkes Barre. 

Dr. John S. Kistler was joined in the bonds 
of matrimony to Clara Dengler, a daughter of 
Charles Dengler, a justice of the peace at 
Shenandoah, Pennsylvania, on July 12, 1883. 
By this marriage three children were born : 
Earl, born, 1885; John, born April, 
1887; Marian, born April, 1892. 

Dr. Kistler received his academic education 
in the public schools of his native place, at the 
State Normal school at Kutztown, and at 
Union seminary, New Berlin, Union county. 
After the usual course of medical reading and 
preparation under a preceptor, he entered 
Hahnemann medical college of Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, and was graduated therefrom in 
the class of 1S79. Immediately after gradu- 
ation he located in Shenandoah City, where he 
has ever since remained in continuous and 
successful practice. 

Aside from his professional work, Dr. Kist- 
ler is largely identified with the material busi- 
ness interests of Shenandoah City. He was 

one of the organizers and has been president 
of the First National bank of Shenandoah 
ever since its organization in 1891. He is 
also secretary of the board of directors of the 
Shenandoah Electric Illuminating company, 
the Shenandoah Heat and Power company 
and the Light and Gas company. In 1883 he 
took an important part in forming a Building 
and Loan Association, in which he has been 
more or less active since as director. In all 
his relations, either business, or professional, 
or social. Dr. Kistler is uniformly well liked. 
He is popular and genial, and carries into 
active life those qualities of mind and heart 
which command for him a general esteem. 
He is a member of the Schuylkill county 
Homtcopathic Medical sociel) ; and in his 
political and church affiliations, is respectively 
a supporter of the Democratic party and the 
Methodist Episcopal church and lA'.in^' 

ir\K' DAVin >V. STKAl^H. of Shenandoah, 
■^^ Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania, is one 
of tlie leading practitioners of that city. He 
is a son of Levi and Leah (Boyer) Straub, and 
was born in Lower Towamensing township. 
Carbon county, Pennsylvania, on January 28, 


The Straub family have been natives of 
Carbon county for the past three generations. 
Grandfather David Straub has been a life-long 
resident of that county, Towamensing town- 
ship, and died upon the old homestead in the 
year 1877, at the age of seventy-nine years. 
He was a farmer by occupation, and married 
Mary Olewine, by whom he had a family of 
eleven children. John Boyer, maternal grand- 
father of Dr. Straub, was a native of North- 
ampton county, which at the time <>( his birth 
was still connected with Carbon cuunt) . He 



died in Carbon about 1 869, aged ninety-three, 
after raising a family of eight children, four 
sons and four daughters. 

Levi Straub; father, was born in Lower 
Towamensing township. Carbon county, in 
1828, and has always resided in the vicinity of 
his forefathers. By occupation he is a farmer 
and a carpenter, which two pursuits he carried 
on conjointly. Politically, he joins forces with 
the Republican party, while religiously he is 
a communicant of the Evangelical church. 
Through his marriage a family of three chil- 
dren resulted, that grew to maturity : David 
W., subject ; Anna Buck, and Elmer, a prac- 
ticing physician at Minersville, Schuylkill 

Dr. Straub was united in marriage with 
Laura Le Bar, a daughter of Jesse and Pame- 
lia Le Bar, of Slatington, Lehigh county, 
Pennsylvania, June 14, 1877. This union has 
resulted in an issue of four children, as fol- 
lows : Mabel L., C. Lee, Homer W. and 
Violet L. 

He was educated in the public schools and 
Lehighton academy, and after graduation from 
the latter, engaged in teaching school for two 
years in Carbon county, Pennsylvania. Sub- 
sequently he read medicine under the precep- 
torship of Dr. J. P. Grosscup, of Reading, 
Pennsylvania, arid was graduated from Hahne- 
mann Medical college, at Philadelphia, in 
1877. After graduation he began practice at 
Millport, Carbon county, Pennsylvania, where 
he continued for three years, up to 1880. 
About this time he removed to Shenandoah, 
opened an office, and has met with uniform 
success as a medical practitioner. He is a 
member of the Schuylkill county Homoeo- 
pathic Medical society, of which he was presi- 
dent in 1891. Of this society he was the chief 
organizer and propagator, and is the author of 

its Constitution and By-laws. He is also 
author of a "Symptom Register and Case 
Record " for physicians' office use. 

HON. JAMES B. REILLY, member of' 
Congress from the thirteenth district of 
Pennsylvania, is a son of Bernard and Mar- 
garet Reilly, and was born August 12, 1845, 
in West Brunswick township, Schuylkill 
county, Pennsylvania. His father was a native 
of West Meath county, Ireland, where he was 
given birth in the year of 1821. He was 
educated and reared in his native country, 
and after attaining his majority in the year 
1842, left friends and kindred behind him and 
came to the United States. He located in 
Schuylkill county, and in 1850 removed to 
Pottsville, where he died in 1889. 

During his residence in Schuylkill county 
he followed railroad contracting, and was en- 
gaged in quite a number of important under- 
takings, being under the employ of the Canada 
and Atlantic railroad company, the Schuylkill 
and Susquehanna, and Philadelphia and Read- 
ing companies. His marriage to the mother 
of our subject resulted in the birth of eleven 
children, nine girls and two boys. Frank P., 
the other brother, is a resident of Pottsville, 
where he is engaged as a telegraph operator. 

James B. Reilly was united in marriage 
with Mary A. M. Hoey, a daughter of Owen 
Hoey, a native of Ireland, but since his ma- 
jority a citizen of Pottsville. His marriage 
took place in 1868. 

Mr. Reilly was educated in the high school 
of Pottsville, and for a number of year after- 
wards devoted himself to careful private study. 
He then began the study of law with Hon. F. 
W. Hughes, a very prominent lawyer, and was 
admitted to the bar of Schuylkill county on 



January ii, 1869. Since that time he has 
followed his profession with zeal and devo- 
tion, and acquired a large practice, not only 
before the courts of his own county, but also 
before the State and United States Supreme 
Courts. In politics Mr. Reilly is a democrat, 
and as such was elected in 1871 to the office 
o<" district attorney of Schuylkill county, for 
a term of three years. He discharged the 
dufies connected therewith with very com- 
mendable fidelity, showing decided profes- 
sional ability and forensic power. In 1874 he 
wa: nominated by the Democratic party of his 
district for Congress, and was elected, taking 
hi) seat with the Forty-fourth National Con- 
gress. In 1876 he was re-elected to the 
Forty-fifth Congress, in 1888 he was sent to 
the Fifty-first Congress, and in 1890 was 
again returned to the Fifty-second sitting of 
the National House, and again re-elected in 
1892. During the many years of service Mr. 
Reilly has been a member of various important 
committees, among which were the Pacific 
railroad committee, the select committee on 
the Columbian Exposition, and that on Mines 
and Mining. He was one of the authors of 
the bill granting pensions to soldiers' widows, 
and is the sole author of that feature of the 
bill relative to the preferred claims of work- 
ingmen in case of bankrupts. To his con- 
stituents and to the interests of his county 
and district he has always been true' to the 
best of his ability, in the discharge of his 
trust, and very often instrumental in the 
passage of special bills affecting Schuylkill 
county. He was a delegate to the national 
convention which nominated General Hancock 
for the Presidency, and has served as per- 
manent chairman of State conventions. Aside 
from legal and political lines, Mr. Reilly has 
also interested himself in the public and indus- 

trial well-being of his city. He is a member 
of the board of directors of the Schuylkill 
Real Estate, Title, Insurance and Trust com- 
pany, and also of the Board of Trade. Mr. 
Reilly in 1881 and 1882 was a candidate for 
^ additional law judge, and at that time had a 
large following, which attested to his worth 
and integrity. He is a member of the Catholic 
church, a man of independent mind and 
thought, but exceeding tolerant of the opinions 
and convictions of others. His oldest son, 
Frank X. Reilly, is a leading architect of 
Pottsville, and has just secured the adoption 
of his plans for a new armory for that city. 


history of Schuylkill county and its chief 
industry, the great anthracite coal trade, would 
be incomplete without a sketch of the life and 
work of Colonel David P. Brown, division su- 
perintendent of the Lehigh Valley Coal com- 
pany of Lost Creek. He is a son of David 
W. and Elizabeth (Percy) Brown, and was 
born in Shillbottle, Northumberland county, 
England, February 14. 1825. His paternal 
grandfather, David Brown, was also born and 
reared in Northumberland county, England, 
where he lost his life on December 25, 1813, 
by black damp, while in performance of his 
! duty in making his round of inspection of the 

David W. Brown, father, was bom Septem- 
ber 25, 1802, in the same county in England, 
where he lived until the fall of 1826. In the 
meantime he had grown to manhood and 
married Elizabeth Percy May i, 1S24, who, 
with our subject. Colonel David P. Brown, 
then a child of a few months, accompanied 
him to Hetton, county of Durham, England, 
where he worked as miner at Hetton colliery 



until August, 1829, when he set sail with his 
family for America. They landed in Boston 
October 16, 1829. From that city they came 
direct to Philadelphia, thence to Pottsville, 
Schuylkill county, by way of the Schuylkill 
canal, reaching the latter place in November 
of that year. The anthracite coal trade of 
Pennsylvania was then in its infancy, but 
David W. Brown, who had been reared in a 
mining district in England, knew that its 
growth and the development of the vast fields 
of coal in the Schuylkill region were but a 
question of a short time. Accordingly, within 
a brief period after his arrival in Pottsville, he 
formed a partnership with a Mr. Daddow, and 
leased the Little Tracy vein colliery at Oak 
Hill, about four miles from Pottsville, which 
they operated successfully under the firm 
name of Brown & Daddow, until 1835, when 
Mr. Daddow retired. Mr. Brown purchased 
his interest and continued the operation of the 
colliery until his death, which occurred April 
5, 1846. His union with Elizabeth Percy was 
blessed with five children, as follows : David 
P.; Major William, who was a prominent and 
successful coal operator in the Shamokin re- 
gion up to the time of his death, which occur- 
red in 1878, and which resulted from an injury 
sustained by an accident at one of his collie- 
ries. He enlisted in Company — , i6th regi- 
ment, P. V. infantry, in April — , 1861, and 

served with the rank of major until , 

. Peter, the third son, is numbered with 

those who offered up their lives for the preser- 
vation of the Union. He enlisted at Pottsville 
in 1862, in company — , 129th Pennsylvania 
volunteers, and was killed at the battle of 
Fredericksburg, Virginia, December 13, 1862; 
Jane, who became the wife of Major Joseph 
Anthony, who also distinguished himself in 
the war of the Rebellion. He enlisted in 

1 86 1 in the i6th regiment, Pennsylvania vol- 
unteer infantry, and served with that regiment 
as captain, also as captain in the 96th Penn- 
sylvania regiment until he was transferred to 
the 129th regiment, Pennsylvania volunteer 
infantry. At the battle of Chancellorsville 
he was severely wounded by being shot 
through the lung and incapacitated for further 
service, though he survived for a period of 
fifteen years afterwards. During his term of 
service he was promoted to the rank and title 
of Major, for gallant and meritorious service ; 
Mary, who married Major J. Claude White, 
also a veteran of the war for the Union, and a 
veteran coal operator. He served with the 
rank of major in the 3d Pennsylvania cavalry 

from April, 1861, until , when he 

became disabled by disease contracted in the 
service, after taking part in several engage- 
ments in which he distinguished himself by 
his coolness and bravery. The educational 
advantages afforded Colonel David P. Brown 
in his youth were necessarily limited, his 
ather being a pioneer in the advance guard of 
civilization in Schuylkill county, long prior to 
the establishment of the common schools as a 
part of the educational system of the State. 
At the age of seven years he had had the 
advantage of a few months' instruction in a 
select school, and this, together with the in- 
struction given by his father and mother, 
formed the basis of his education. But being 
a man of close observation and studious habits, 
and possessing a retentive memory and a clear 
intellect, he acquired knowledge quite readily 
without the aid of a preceptor, until he stored 
his mind with a vast fund of information 
touching a variety of subjects, but more espe- 
cially those pertaining to the great mining 
industry, to which he has devoted his life, and 
which he has assisted in developing to its 



present magnificent proportions. He was but 
eight years old when he took up his life work, 
commencing in the capacity of a screen boy 
at his father's Oak Hill colliery, and working 
upward, filled almost every position about the 
breaker before he grew to manhood. When 
his father died he was so thoroughly familiar 
with all the details of the business that he was 
enabled to continue uninterruptedly the opera- 
tion of the colliery for the estate, which he 
and his brother William did, under the firm 
name of David P. Brown & Co., until 1864, 
when the business was disposed of The 
development of the Mahanoy Coal basin was 
then in its incipiency. Packer collieries Nos. 
I and 3 had been opened and were being 
operated by the Philadelphia Coal Company. 
The position of superintendent of these works 
was tendered to Colonel Brown, and he ac- 
cepted and a.ssumed charge at once. The 
Philadelphia Coal Company was sub.sequently 
merged into the Lehigh Valley Coal Com- 
pany, and Packer collieries Nos. 3, 4 and 5, 
operated under the direction and management 
of Division Superintendent Brown, who has 
operated them successfully ever since. Col- 
onel Brown stands in the front rank among 
the progressive and suceessful colliery mana- 
gers in the anthracite region, and the collieries 
in his charge are among the best equipped for 
the production, preparation and shipment of 
coal. Many of the mechanical devices for the 
movement of coal underground, for hoisting it 
to the surface and preparing it for the market, 
arc of his own invention, and have been 
aili)pt<-d by other colliery managers. He has 
devoted a great of time to the subject of 
mine ventilation, with the result that tlie mine 
workings of the Packer collieries are the best 
ventilated perhaps in the entire anthracite 
region. In politics, Colonel Brown was a 

whig up to the time of the birth of the Re- 
publican party, when he became a member of 
that organization, and an earnest advocate of 
its principles. He has never held or sought 
a political office of profit, though he served as 
president of the town council of Pottsville, 
during his residence in that borough. He served in the Union army during the war 
of the Rebellion. Early in 1861 he enlisted 
in company D, 6th regiment Pennsylvania 
volunteers, of which he was subsequently 
elected lieutenant. He served three months, 
taking part in the skirmish .it Falling W'.iter, 
Vir^'inia. .At the expiration of his term of 
service he receiveti a captain's commission, 
with authority to recruit a company for the 
three years' service, but, on account of his 
brothers iiaving enlisted, he was obliged to 
abandon this purpose in order to give his time 
to the management 1 ■!' his father's estate. He is 
an honorary member of Gowen Post, No. — , 
G. A. R., of Pottsville ; and an active member of Creek division No. 9, Sons of Temperance, 
of which he is past officer. He is an earnest 
and enthusiastic atlvocate of the cause of tem- 
perance, and for many years has exerted his 
strong influence in behalf of its success. He 
is also a Past Master bf Pulaski Lodge No. 
J 16, F. and A. M., of Pottsville, of which he 
has been a member since 1.^4^; i member of 
Mountain City Chapter, Knights Templar, and 
Constantine Commandery R. A. M., No. 41, 
also of Pottsville. On June 7, 1S4S. Colonel 
Brown was married to Ellen Lloyd, of Potts- 
ville, and their union was blessed with the 
following children : A. David, who married 
P21izabeth Severn, and now resides in Lost 
Creek, and is outside foreman of Packer col- 
lieries Nos. I and 5 ; William P., who is clerk 
inthecmploy of the Philadelphia and Reading 
coal and iron company in Philadelphia ; Han- 


biographv and history 

nah, wife of William H. Kaercher, outside 
foreman of Packer collieries No. 2, 3 and 4, 
and a resident of Lost Creek ; James C, a 
graduate of the Pottsville high school, and 
who is now engaged as a teacher in the schools 
of West Mahanoy township. Mrs. Brown 

died in , and on 

August 15, 1883, Colonel 5rown married 
Ella P., a daughter of Dr. William N. Rob- 
bins. By this marriage he has two children, 
Gaynof S. and David R. 

^"^ nent and widely-known shoe manufac- 
turer of Orwigsburg, Pennsylvania, is a son of 
Christian and Elizabeth (Kimmel) Diefender- 
fer, and was born in Orwigsburg, January 28, 
1856. His paternal grandfather, John Diefen- 
derfer, was a native of Lehigh county, Penn- 
sylvania, but migrated to Orwigsburg^ about 
the year 1850, and after remaining there for a 
time removed to Auburn, where he died in 
in the year 1869. He was by occupation a 
cooper, which trade he followed faithfully and 
industriously throughout his entire life. Chris- 
tian, Diefenderfer, father of George C, was 
born in the county of Lehigh. During the 
civil war, early in 1 862, he offered his services 
in defence of the stars and stripes, enlisting 
iirst in April, in the 97'th' regiment Pennsyl- 
vania infantry, from which he was afterward 
transferred to the 11 6th. In the contest at 
Reim's Station the Union forces were defeated, 
and he was carried captive to Salisbury prison, 
North Carolina, where, after unknown suffer- 
ing, he died in 1863, true to his country to the 
last. His marriage with Elizabeth Kimmel 
was blessed with seven children, five of whom 
still survive : John, a resident of Orwigsburg, 
holds a responsible position under the firm of 

H. S. Albright & Co.; George C, subject; 
Annie, married to George W. Bickley; and 
Alice, married to Daniel E. Schoener, both 
residing in Orwigsburg ; Lewis K. is engaged 
in a prosperous mercantile business in Wico- 
nisco, Dauphin county, Pennsylvania. 

George C. Diefenderfer, on October 9, 1881, 
was united in marriage with Mary E- Maurer, 
a daughter of Dr. A. G. Maurer, of Lykens, 
Dauphin county, Pennsylvania, who for many 
years was a prominent practicing physician, 
and met his death on the Summit branch of 
the Pennsylvania railroad by an accident. This 
union has resulted in the birth of three chil- 
dren : Alan L., Florence E. and Margaret M. 
Mr. Diefenderfer, after having completed a 
course of study in the public schools of Orwigs- 
burg, attended Waynesburg college, Waynes- 
burg, Pennsylvania, and there completed his 
education. The first few years after gradu- 
ation he devoted to teaching, but finally aban- 
doned it for a clerkship in his uncle's store at 
Wiconisco, after teaching one term in the 
public schools of the latter-named place. He 
remained in his uncle's store for a period of 
thirteen years, during which time he served 
five years as postmaster and superintended a 
drug-store at the same time. This business 
experience proved invaluable to him, and 
laid the foundation for his subsequent success. 
In 1883 he came to Orwigsburg, and with Mr. 
H. S. Albright, under the firm name of H. S. 
Albright & Co., engaged in the nianufacture 
of boots and s"hoes, in which business he has 
continued to the present time. The building 
occupied by them is a substantial and com- 
modious two and a half story frame building, 
fronting sixty-four feet on Market street, and 
extending back eighty feet. It is well equipped 
with the best modern machinery for the manu- 
facture of ladies', misses', and children's shoes, 



and gives employment to about eighty-five 
men, besides eight traveling salesmen, who 
distribute their goods throughout the west 
and northwestern parts of the United States. 

In the fraternal world, Mr. Diefenderfer is 
prominently connected with the best fraternal 
organizations, among which are Ashlar lodge, 
No. 570, F. and A. M.; Mountain City Chap- 
ter, No. 196, Royal Arch Masons; Constantine 
Commandery, No. 41, Knights Templar; Har- 
risburg Consistery; Lu Lu Temple, Ancient 
Arabic Order of Nobles of the Mystic Shrine 
of Philadelphia, and is a thirty-second degree 
Mason of the northern jurisdiction of the 
United States. Politically, he is a republican, 
and manifests a deep interest in the educational 
affairs of his native borough. He is at pres- 
ent president of the board of directors of the 
Orwigsburg public schools, is a director of the 
Schuylkill county Agricultural Society, organ- 
ized in 1852, and one of the organizers and 
directors of the Orwigsburg First National 

Mr. Diefenderfer, personally, is a man of 
pleasant manners, affable, and, from a business 
point of view, possesses the attributes of in- 
tegrity and conscientiousness. He is public- 
spirited, unselfish in his desires to promote the 
common welfare, and is identified with all 
movements looking toward that end. 

TES8E DRUMUELLER, a well and favor- 
ably-known business man of Pottsville, 
is a son of Abraham and Sarah (Seitz) Drum- 
heller, and was born April 15, 1826, in the 
county of Northumberland, Pennsylvania. 
His f.illicr, a native of Montgomery county, 
Pennsylvania, removed to a place near Sun- 
bury, where he died in 1839 at the age of 
sixty-one years. The father was a man of 

integrity, and commanded the respect of his 
fellow-citizens. The family consisted of pa- 
rents and si.\ children, four sons and two dau- 
ghters : Isabella Swineheart ; Sarah Travel- 
bliss; Isaac, located in Sunbury; Nicholas; 
David, now deceased ; and Jesse. 

Jesse was joined in marriage with Amelia 
C, a daughter of William Matz (see sketch) 
of Pottsville, Pennsylvania, in the year 1849. 
To them have been born four children : 
Charles I., deceased ; Henry H. (married 
Agnes Orgal), who lives in Pottsville, and is 
employed as timekeejjer in the railroad shops; 
George W. (married Sarah Wolf), a draftsman 
located in New York cit), was graduated from 
the Pottsville high school, and later in 1888, 
from Lafayette college, Easton, Pennsylvania ; 
Mary, at home, a graduate of the Pottsville 
high school. Mr. Drumhcllcr during his boy- 
hood learned the trade, which he fol- 
lowed for some twelve years. He removed to 
Pottsville in 1845, and in 1857 became prop- 
rietor of the Merchants' hotel. One year 
later he purchased the hotel property, con- 
tinuing in that business until 1881, when he 
retired. Since that time he has been en- 
grossed by a variety of business interests. He 
is at present a director of the Pennsylvania 
National Bank of Pottsville, and has been for 
a number of years. He is also a director of 
the Pottsville Water company, Pottsville Iron 
company, and the Pottsville Steam, Heat and 
Power company, and a manager of the first 
mentioned. His political views are in accord 
with the Republican party, and although not 
an aspirant to office, he served as Jury Com- 
missioner from 1872 to 1876, and a member 
of the city council for seven years. Relig- 
iously, he is a member of the Lutheran church, 
in which he takes a quiet, though earnest in- 
terest. As regards fraternal organizations. 



his sympathies are keen, and he has allied 
himself with quite a number of the foremost. 
He is a member of Pulaski Lodge, No. 216, 
F. and A. M., Mountain City Chapter, No. 
196, Knight's Templar, Constantine Com- 
mandery, No. 41, Royal Arch Masons, and 
Lily of the Valley Lodge, No. 281, I.O.O.F., 
of which he is Past Grand. 

TOSBPH DE FREHSr, a well-known con- 
tractor and builder and substantial 
citizen of Pottsville, Schuylkill county, Penn- 
sylvania, was born in Orwigsburg, same 
county, on December 12, 1821. He is the 
son of Daniel and Susanna (Noeacer) De 
Frehn. His father was a native of Berks 
county, Pennsylvania, and was born in the 
year 1791, near Tuscarora, and before he had 
reached the age of twenty-one renrioved to 
Orwigsburg. Here he was apprenticed to 
learn the carpenter trade, after the completion 
of which he continued to reside in the village 
of his adoption until 1842. At the expiration 
of this time he took up a residence in Potts- 
ville, the county seat, where he lived until his 
demise fourteen years later. During the 
latter part of his career he was a contractor 
and builder and carried on a large line of 
work in connection with both private and 
public building. His marriage resulted in the 
birth of eleven children, of whom six were 
daughters and five were sons. Both he and 
his family were adherents of the Lutheran 

Joseph De Frehn was joined in the bonds 
of wedlock, first to Barbara A. Spohn, daugh- 
ter of John Spohn of Pottsville, Pennsylvania, 
May 15, 1844. By this marriage he had one 
child, which is now deceased. His first wife 
died May 12, 1847, at the age of twenty-two 

years. He re-entered marital bonds with 
Abigail Stine of Dauphin county, Pennsyl- 
vania, February 22, 1849. By this marriage 
there has been an issue of five children, four 
daughters and one son : Clara, wife of Albert 
Esterley, both deceased; Ida and Ellen E., 
both deceased; Joseph H., married to Ella 
Sheerer, a general contractor now residing in 
Pottsville, and Carrie, wife of Edward Roe, a 
druggist resident in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. 

Mr. De Frehn, during boyhood, received a 
common school education, and afterward 
learned the carpenter trade with his father, 
with whom he came to Pottsville in 1841. 
He has since made this city his place of per- 
manent residence, with the exception of three 
years spent in the city of Philadelphia. After 
his marriage he broadened out his trade of 
carpentering to include that of contracting 
and building, the combination of which he 
has pursued throughout his entire life. In 
1876 he retired from active business and gave 
himself up to the less arduous duties of pure 
citizenship. Beside his main business, he was 
at one 'time a director of the Mountain City 
bank, and is still a director of the Great 
Kanawha Coal and Lumber company of West 
Virginia. In his political relations he has 
always been content to remain a citizen inde- 
pendent of official aspiration. In the national 
and State elections he uses his vote and influ- 
ence for the Republican party. In church 
matters he is a supporter of the Lutheran 
denomination, while he also holds member- 
ship in Girard Lodge, No. 53, I. O. O. F., of 
which he is Past Grand, and Henry Clay 
Lodge, No. 44, Knights of Pythias. 

Mr. De Frehn is recognized by his fellow- 
townsmen as a man of honor, business success, 
and an exemplary citizen. He has been very 
largely the architect of his own fortune, which 


has been due to an inherent tact, perseverance 
and a never failing courage. At his age in 
life, past circumstances have been such as to 
afford a very agreeable and pleasing retro- 
spect. He has been a useful citizen in his 
community, loyal both to himself and the 

public at large. 


CJBENEZKU MOKI«8 was a son of John 

and Catherine ( ) Morris, and 

was born in Wales June lo, 1832, and died in 
Mahanoy City December 10, 1892. He 
received his education in his native country 
and emigrated to the United States about the 
year 1854. Shortly after his arrival he located 
near St. Clair, Schuylkill county, Pennsylva- 
nia, and remained there until the time of his 
marriage, when he removed to Tremont, 
and thence to Mahanoy City in 1863, 
where he continued to reside down to the 
time of his death. lie was by occupa- 
tion a miner, which business remained his 
chief pursuit throughout life. Politically, he 
affili.ited with the Republican party, and when 
a young man took more than a passing inter- 
est in publiq and political affairs. He served 
as school director of his town for a number of 
ye.irs and also as supervisor of his borough, 
and was elected justice of the peace, but never 
took the oath of office. Prior to his death 
he was a member of the Mahanoy City Lodge, 
No- 357, F. and A. M.; Mizpah Chapter, No. 
2^2, R. A. C; Ivanhoe Commandery. No. 31, 
Knights Templar, and of General Grant Lodge, 
No. 575, I. O. O. F. 

lie was united in marriage on August 9, 
1856, to Mary Kdwards, a daughter of John 
I'M wards, a native of Wales, but since 1847 a 
citizen of Schujlkill county. This marriage 
resulted in a family of twelve children, eight 
of whom are now living: Joseph E. of Potts- 

ville ; John L. of Morea ; Sarah J., wife of 
William Schoener; Janet Louisa (deceased), 
wife of Alfred Palmer, agent of the I^high 
Valley railroad at Mahanoy City ; Gertrude, 
wife of Thomas Powell of Mahanoy City ; 
Abner I., ticket agent at the Lehigh Valley 
railroad at Mahanoy City; Lincoln and Eben- 
ezer, at home. 

Mr. Morris was a man possessing in a 
marked degree those qualities of head and 
heart which endeared him to all with whom 
he became affiliated, and his death was deeply 
mourned by the community in which he had 
.so long lived and which knew him so well. 

•|^K<)F. FKANK .Si;w.\UI> MILI.KK. 

the present efficient superintendent of 
the Mahanoy City public schocils, was born 
May 9, 1863, in Clifford, Susquehanna county, 
Penn.sylvania, a son of Seward Iv and Kffic A. 
(Gardiner) Miller. 

His L^^raiulfather, ,\dam Miller, was a 
native of Ireland, and emij^rateil to America 
shortly after the Revolutionary war. He lo- 
cated in Susquehanna county, Pennsylvania, 
where he engaged in farming until the time of 
his death. Here Grandfather Charles Miller 
was born and lived the greater part of his life. 
He was by profession a minister in the Baptist 
church, and devoted his entire life to that 
calling, mainly in the vicinity of Clifford. He 
was a democrat in politics, though a nominal 
one, and at the time of John C. Fremont's 
candidacy for President of the United States, 
he changed his political texture from that of 
a democrat to a republican, whose party 
tenets he continued to support during the 
remainder of his life. He was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Orvis, who bore him a family 
of eight children, six boys and two girls. 



Seward E. Miller, father, was born on the 
old Miller homestead, near Clifford, Susque- 
hanna county, Pennsylvania, on June 7, 1825. 
His childhood and boyhood were spent upon 
the farm, and he early became accustomed to 
the scenes of rural life. After having received 
as good a training as the public schools of 
that time afforded, he entered the University 
at Lewisburg, for the completion of his edu- 
cation. Subsequently he read law, and was 
admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, Penn- 
sylvania, but through taste and conviction he 
changed to the profession of the ministry, 
upon which he entered about the year 1855. 
His denominational sympathies were with the 
Baptist church, and in that church he de- 
termined to spend his best energies and deep- 
est devotion. He was assigned to various 
charges, and after a life of usefulness in that 
vocation, he retired to the home of his child- 
hood, where he now resides. In politics, he 
was formerly a republican, but in the present 
state of political sentiment he allies himself 
with the Prohibition party. He was united in 
marriage to a daughter of William Gardiner, of 
the State of Connecticut, on February 24, 185 1. 
She was a descendant of one of the oldest 
families of that State, representatives of which 
came to the Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania, 
at a very early day. By this marriage, Mr. 
Miller became the father of eight children, 
five boys and three girls : Susan, Jessie A., 
Frank S. (subject), Charles H., deceased, 
Hugh C, deceased, Eugene K., Ruth D. and 

Frank S. Miller was united in marriage on 
December 29, 1885, with Clara M. Gardiner, 
of Clifford, Susquehanna county, Pennsylvania, 
who has borne him four children : Helen A. 
D., Edna Ann, Adeline Louise, Edith Frances. 
He received his education in the public schools 

of his native county, at private schools of 
Clifford, and at the Millersville State Normal 
School, from the latter of which he was grad- 
uated in 1883, at the head of a class of forty- 
nine members. After graduation he pursued 
special work in German and French, and also 
read law sufficient for admission to the bar, 
but never became a candidate for admission. 
At the age of twenty-one he became principal 
of the public schools at Everett, Bedford 
county, Pennsylvania, and held this position 
for a term of five years ; he then resigned to 
accept a position as principal of the academic 
department of the Peirce Business College of 
Philadelphia, and held this position for two 
years, when he resigned to iccept the position 
of borough superintendent of the schools of 
Mahanoy Citj', in April, 1890. In this capa- 
city he has the entire supervision of the 
schools of the city, aggregating thirty-two in 
all, and embracing an enrollment of about two 
thousand pupils. 

Professor Miller is a young man of intelli- 
gence, who keeps thoroughly abreast of the 
latest advances in public school education. 
He possesses good executive ability, shows 
tact in supervision, and an ample scholarship 
for -the maintenance of a high educational 
standard in the schools of Mahanoy City. He 
is a prominent republican, and is the presi- 
dent of the young men's Republican club of 
Mahanoy city, and acted as its representative 
in the assembly of the Republican clubs of the 
State at their annual session held at Scranton 
in 1891, and at Reading in 1893. 

nEV. ISAAC P. ZIMMERMAN, pastor of 
St. John's English Lutheran church, of 
Mahanoy city, Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania, 
is a son of John and Lydia (Bowman) Zimmer- 




man, and was born in Dauphin county, Penn- 
sylvania, on May 17, 1855. 

The Zimmermans have been natives of the 
United States for the past three generations, 
the first of them being Christian Zimmerman, 
a native of Lancaster county, Pennsylvania. 
His father was born in Germany, and emi- 
grated to Eastern Pennsylvania at an early pe- 
riod in the history of the State. Grandfather 
Zimmerman, while still a young man, removed 
to Dauphin county, Pennsylvania, engaged in 
farming, and passed the remainder of a quiet 
and peaceful life in that county. He died 
about the year 1 846, at the age of seventy 
years. His marriage resulted in an issue of 
nine children, four sons and five daughters. 

The father of Isaac P. Zimmerman was born 
on the Dauphin county homestead, February 
12, 1816, and died there on July 14, i888. 
He was also a farmer by occupation, and was 
life-long resident of Dauphin county. Through 
frugality and care and close industry he suc- 
ceeded in acquiring a very comfortable com- 
petency, at the time of his death having in 
possession a farm of two hundred acres in a 
good state of cultivation. He was a member 
of the Lutheran church of the General Synod, 
and was recogjnized throughout his entire life 
as a man devoted and consecrated to the ad- 
vancement of church work. For a number of 
years he filled the office of elder in the Luthe- 
ran church at Fisherville, Dauphin county, 
and was also superintendent of the Sabbath- 
school at that place. Politically, he affiliated 
with the democratic party, though he latterly 
became a prohibitionist. His marriage resulted 
in the birth of eight children, five sons and 
three daughters. 

Isaac P. Zimmerman was joined in the bonds 
of matrimony to Emma L. Rutter, a daughter 
of John and Margaret A. Rutter of Halifax 

township, Dauphin county, Pennsylvania, De- 
cember 24, 1874. By this marriage they have 
two children, Ernest J. and Ruth M. Mr. 
Zimmerman received his education at Selin's 
Grove, Snyder county, Pennsylvania, and in the 
Missionary Institute of the Lutheran church. 
He received his theological training in the 
Seminary, from which he was graduated in 
1883. After graduation he was stationed at 
Montoursville, Lycoming county, Pennsylva- 
nia, as pastor of the Lutheran church at that 
place until the year 1887. At the expiration 
of this time he received a call to St. John's 
English Lutheran church in Mahanoy city, 
which he accepted and which position he now 

He is an energetic, enthusiastic worker, is 
zealous for the moral and religious good of his 
fellow-men, and through his efforts the church 
at Mahanoy city has largely increased both in 
point of membership and usefulness. At the 
time of his inception as pastor the membership 
of the church numbered one hundred and 
twenty-eight ; at the present time it has in- 
creased to about three hundred. In his private 
and pastoral relations Mr Zimmerman has 
always exhibited an exemplary life, and is 
looked upon as a strong moral force in the 
community in which he labors. 

the present popular and efficient pro- 
thonotary of Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania, 
is the son of Solomon and Margaret (Wil- 
liams) Kirk, and was born in Perry county, 
Pennsylvania, on April 11, 1845. 

Solomon Kirk, his father, was of Scotch 
descent, while his mother was of German 
descent. The former was born in .Montgomery 
county, Pennsylvania, about the year 1813, and 



subsequently removed to Lancaster county, 
Pennsylvania, thence to Harrisburg, and finally 
to Perry county, where the subject of this 
sketch was born. Subsequently he removed 
to Schuylkill .county, where he died at the 
age of fifty-nine years. 

S. C. Kirk, as he has always written his 
name, received his primary education in the 
public schools of Tremont, at which place his 
father died. When about the age of fifteen 
years he attended a local normal school at 
Tremont, held by County Superintendent 
Krewson, and during his stay at this institu- 
tion he met the expenses of tuition by acting 
as janitor, and by other services in connection 
with the school. At the close of the term he 
entered the class for examination and received 
a certificate permitting him to teach in the 
schools of Schuylkill county. In the follow- 
ing autumn he was awarded a primary school, 
and from that time advanced step by step 
until he was elected as teacher in the high 
school. Shortly after he began teaching, he 
entered the State normal school at Millers- 
_ville, Pennsylvania, where he remained some 
time, but was at last forced to give up his 
course there through lack of funds. He re- 
luctantly returned home, but by independent 
effort and close application redeemed in part 
the loss of instruction brought about by un- 
fortunate circumstances. He was the founder 
of what is known as the West Schuylkill 
Normal school at Tremont, a local institution 
that did much towards helping the worthy 
and those of limited means to obtain an edu- 
cation and a start in life, some of whom are 
now prominent teachers in the county. He 
was secretary of the Teachers' Institute of 
Schuylkill county for a number of years, and 
a member of the committee on permanent 

During the eighteen yqars in which he was 
, engaged in teaching, he also did more or less 
work of a literary character, especially for the 
newspaper press. He first began as an occa- 
sional contributor to the Boston 0lot, sub- 
sequently edited by John Boyle O'Reilly, to 
which he was a contributor for a number of 
years. Afterwards he became educational 
editor of the Pottsville Standard, and upon 
the retirement of Jacob Sanders, took charge 
of the Tremont News, now owned by U. G. 
Batdorff. In 1877, he founded the West 
Schuylkill Press, now edited and managed by 
one of his pupils, John A. Bechtel. In the 
spring of 1882, he accepted an editorial posi- 
tion on the Williamsport Sun and Banner, but 
one year later returned to Schuylkill county 
to assume the city editorship of the Miners' 
Journal. On the latter paper he remained 
under successive administrations, becoming 
associate editor latterly, which position he 
retained until his nomination for the office of 
prothonotary in 1890. 

Politically, Mr. Kirk is a democrat, and 
while a stanch advocate of the principles of 
that party, is by no means given to the wor- 
ship of party idols. He is a man who has 
always been independent in thought, and as a 
consequence has been independent in action. 
From factions and sects he has stood aloof, 
and accorded every man the same freedom in 
this respect that he claims for himself. The 
aim of all his political endeavors has been to 
promote purer political methods, secure good 
government, and conserve whatever in the 
past has been proven to be worthy of per- 

About the time he reached his majority he 
was elected to a place in the first council of 
the borough of Tremont, which he held for 
several years, and was elected a school direc- 



or in the same borough. In 1878, in the 
fourth district, he received the unsoHcited 
nomination of his party, and was elected as a 
representative to the State Legislature, though 
that district was overwhelmingly republican. 
During his term of ofifice, Mr. Kirk was 
instrumental in calling to account many of 
the political abuses which existed at that time, 
and which became largely pertinent matters 
of inquiry by the Legislature of the State and 
of Legislative committees. By reason of the 
stand which he took in behalf of honest 
government and integrity in office, he was 
threatened with defeat in his district should 
he ever present himself again as a candidate 
for legislative honors. The next year shows 
clearly the status of political ethics in the 
fourth district — it was registered in Mr. Kirk's 
defeat by a small majority. In 1888, Mr. 
Kirk, at the urgent solicitation of his party, 
accepted a nomination for State Senator and 
came within one hundred and eighty-four 
votes of being elected in a district which is 
republican by from six hundred to eight 
hundred majority. Again in 1890, Mr. Kirk 
was presented by his party in nomination, for 
the office of prothonotary, and after a some- 
what vigorous struggle, was elected to that 
position, whose duties he is now actively 
engaged in discharging, by a majority of over 
nineteen hundred. 

Both as a public official and as a man, Mr. 
Kirk's career has been one of integrity and 
blamelcssness. Me has always been an enemy 
of political and social wrong, and has sought 
in his advocacy, and in so far as he was 
|K.TsonalIy able, to bring about such an 
adjustment of relations as would conduce to 
harmony and public good. He is a man 
of striking personality, broad-minded, public 
spirited, conservative, and yet enterprising. 

In his official capacity he discharges the func- 
tions of his office with strictest fidelity, is 
accommodating, and always holds himself in 
duty bound to discharge the functions of the 
public trust with an even more rigid fidelity 
than a private obligation. 

On August 21, 1866, he was united in mar- 
riage with Sarah Jane Netherwood, a daughter 
of William and Mary Netherwood, of Tre- 
mont, Pennsylvania. To them have been 
born the following named children: Ina E., 
wife of James A. Rinck, Esq., an attorney- 
at-law of Tamaqua, Pennsylvania ; Family 
Corinne, a teacher in the public schools, and 
active member of the Methodist I'^piscopid 
church; and Klma, who died about three 
years ago, in the seventh year of her age. 

Mr. Kirk is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church in which he holds the im- 
portant positions of e.xhorter, class leader, 
and Sunday-school superintendent ; president 
of the Young Men's Christian association; 
takes quite an active part in literary and 
forensic work, and is constant!)' called upon 
for political and other addresses. He is also 
president of the Pottsville branch of the 
Mutual Guarantee Building and Loan asso- 
ciation, and is connected with different other 


/^KOKGE K. HINKLEY, M.l>., a success- 
^^ ful physician of Onvigsburg, is a son of 
Benneville and Eliza (Kline) Binkley, and was 
born March 27, 1846, in Berks county, near 
Leesport. His paternal grandfather, Harry 
Binkley, was a native of Berks county, and 
served one term as its sheriff. He was an ac- 
tive politician, ardently advocating the princi- 
ples of the Whig party. Benneville Binkley, 
father of George K. Binkley, was born in Berks 
county^ Pennsylvania, in the year 1818. He 



still resides on his well-cultivated farm there, 
giving a part of his time to auctioneering and 
cattle-raising. Many droves of fine cattle are 
sent by him to the eastern markets. Accept- 
ing the doctrines which his father so persist- 
ently advocated, he at first became a whig, 
but afterward cast his fortune with the repub- 
licans, advocating their principles with a full 

heart. On , he was joined 

in marriage with Eliza Kline, who was a native 
of Berks county, Pennsylvania, and born in the 
year 1819. To them nine children were born : 
William, educated in the Millersville State 
Normal School, and at present editor of the 
Sidney Journal, Sidney, Ohio; George K., 
subject ; Henry, a divine of the German Re- 
formed church of New Berlin, Union county, 
Pennsylvania ; John, who lives by honest toil 
on his farm in Berks county, Pennsylvania; 
Benneville and Munroe, prominent grocers of 
Chicago, Illinois; Mary, the wife of Peter 
Gerhordt, an influential citizen of Reading, 
Pennsylvania ; Emma, who married John So- 
non and lives comfortably in Leesport, Berks 
county, Pennsylvania ; and Sarah, at home. 

Dr. George K. Binkley was joined in wed- 
lock on October 5, 1873, with Mary A. Melot, 
a daughter of George Melot, who from 1865 
until his death in 1891 was a prominent resi- 
dent near Orwigsburg. This marriage has 
been blessed with two children. May and 
Horace. After receiving a common-school 
education, Mr. Binkley entered Kutztown State 
Normal School, and there, by diligent study 
and close application, completed his education 
preparatory to reading medicine. He com- 
menced his medical studies in the office of Dr. 
Edward Brobst, of .Leesport, Berks count}', 
Pennsylvania, and after taking a preparatory 
course under that eminent physician, entered 
the University of Pennsylvania, graduating 

with high honor therefrom in the year 1873. 
After completing his course, he at once located 
in Orwigsburg, where, by the same industry 
and application that characterized his work 
while in college, he has built up an enviable 
and still growing practice, enjoying the perfect 
confidence of his patients. In 1887, in con- 
nection with his practice, he engaged in the 
drug business, which proves to have been a 
wise investment. He occupies a high position 
in Schuylkill Lodge, No. 138, F. and A. M., 
and is a member of the Medical society of 
Schuylkill county and the United States Phar- 
maceutical Association. Being interested in 
the prosperity of the community, at its incep- 
tion he became one of the organizers of the 
Orwigsburg National Bank, and as a stock- 
holder is still interested in its success. Ready 
and willing not only to serve his country in 
time of peace, he freely offered his services to 
the nation in defence of its flag. In the be- 
ginning of 1864, he enlisted in Company O, 
198th regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, and 
remained in the field until the surrender at 
Appomattox. He was in active service under 
the command of General Grant in the Weldon 
raid and the battles of Lewis' Farm, White 
Oak Swamp, and Five Forks, serving with 
great courage. He was also one of the hun- 
dred thousand, out of over a million enlisted, 
to witness the realization of the desire of the 
North — that of the surrender of General Lee. 
The country is, and ought to be, proud of the 
brave men who saved her from disruption. 

ZTjiLIilAM H. CARTER, a prominent 
^^* business man of Mahanoy City, 
Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania, was born in 
Pottsville, same county and State, on October 
17, 1837. He is a son of William and Anna 
B. (Wagoner) Carter. 



The ancestors of Mr. Carter, on the paternal 
side, came to America about the time of the 
landing of William Penn, in 1682. They were 
strict Quakers in their religious convictions, 
and partook of the general characteristics of 
the Quaker sect. His grandfather, William 
Carter, was born in the vicinity of Philadel- 
phia, and died near Haddington, where he 
owned and cultivated a farm. His father was 
born on this place about the year 1805, and 
came to Pottsville in 1826 or 1827, having 
walked the entire distance on the tow path of 
the Schuylkill canal. He was a blacksmith 
by trade, and after reaching Pottsville engaged 
in the pursuit of his trade, which he pursued 
for a number of years, relinquishing it prob- 
ably about the year 1853. His death oc- 
curred in 1889. He voted with the Whig 
party, and remained a strict adherent of that 
party until the formation of the Republican 
party. By marriage he had four children : . 
Frank, William H. (subject), and two deceased 

William H. Carter was joined in marriage 
with Mary Morrison, a daughter of Edward 
Morrison, of Pottsville, Pa., on July 5, 1862. 
To them two children have been born : Fannie, 
wife of Dr. Thomas Lewis, of Mahanoy city ; 
and Mary, still residing at home. Mr. Carter, 
after receiving the usual training afforded by 
the public schools, entered a printing establish- 
ment and learned the trade of printer. This 
trade, however, he made no attempt to follow, 
and shortly after finishing his apprenticeship 
he went into a grocery store, and remained 
there about a year, when he went into the 
office of his brother Frank, who is a civil 
engineer. In 1859 he came to Mahanoy City, 
and in 1S62 became agent for Kear & Patton, 
who laid out the eastern portion of Mahanoy 
City. He received the appointment in 1864 

as agent of the Delano Land Company, with 
on office in Mahanoy City. In connection 
with this he is also land agent of the Lehigh 
Valley coal Company, which company owns 
large and valuable tracts of land in North- 
umberland, Schuylkill and Columbia counties. 
Auxiliary to his business as land agent, he 
conducts a fire insurance business, representing 
the jEtna and Hartford Insurance Company. 
He also has the distinction of having served 
as the first notary public of the borough of 
Mahanoy City. 

He is a republican in politics, and although 
not a partisan, has ever manifested a deep 
interest in the welfare of that party. His 
enthusiasm, however, has never led him to 
become an office seeker, and he has always 
steadily devoted himself to the main lines of 
his business with very creditable success. As 
a citizen and as a business man, Mr. Carter 
enjoys the entire confidence of the citizens of 

Mahanoy City. 


i^AVin B. ItLLyE, foreman of the Grant 
Iron Works, at Mahanoy City, is a son 
of Eli and Mary (Binder) Kline, and was born 
in Columbia county, Pennsylvania, on March 
28, 1844. 

The great-grandfather of David B., on the 
paternal side, was originally a native of Ger- 
many, but latterly drifted away from his Ger- 
man ancestry, and the family was gradually 
transformed into one of Anglican speech. The 
grandfather of our subject was a native of 
Columbia county, Pennsylvania, and served 
with his father in the Mexican War. Grand- 
father arrived at Three Rivers, Michigan, in 
1858, where he lived until his death, at the 
advanced age of ninety-nine years. 1 Ic was a 
farmer by occupation, and married Lizzie Lee, 
who died at the age of eight) -seven By this 



marriage he had a family of seven children, 
five boys and two girls. 

Eli Kline, father, was born in Columbia 
county, Pennsylvania, and followed the pursuit 
of farming throughout his entire life. He was 
a democrat up to the time of General Scott's 
candidacy for the presidency of the United 
States, when he became a whig, and finally, 
upon the organization of the Republican 
party, allied himself with the latter party. 
He was the father of eight children, of whom 
six are living, twosons and four daughters. 

David B. KHne was united in marriage on 
December 24, 1 867, to Valeria Stites, a daugh- 
ter of Isaac Stites, a native of America, born 
in Easton. By this marriage he has the fol- 
lowing children : Jennie. D., a graduate of the 
High school, of the State Normal school at 
Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, and at present a 
teacher in the public schools ; Harry, a gradu- 
ate of the Mahanoy City High School, class of 
I 88q, at home ; Leon, at home ; and three de- 
ceased in infancy. 

Mr. Kline received a common-school edu- 
cation, indentured himself to learn the trade of 
machinist, but left before the term of his ap- 
prenticeship had expired, to enter the army 
during the civil war. He enlisted on June 17 
for the emergency service in Company C, 28th 
regiment Pennsylvania infantry, and was mus- 
tered out July 28, 1863. At this time he re- 
turned and pursued his trade until September 
17, 1864, when he entered Company E of the 
209th regiment Pennsylvania infantry, and was 
discharged at Alexandria May 31, 1865. Most 
of his service was in the Army of the Potomac, 
during which time he participated in the battles 
of Fort Stedman, Weldon Raid, capture of 
Richmond, Petersburg, and Gettysburg. After 
the close of the war, he returned to Mahanoy 
City, and was employed by Kinney & Herman 

one year, during which time he finished up his 
trade. Mahanoy City has been the place of 
his residence ever since, with the exception of 
two years. He was first employed regularly 
in the Grant Iron Works for five years, after 
which term of service he became foreman, and 
has since served in that capacity, with the ex- 
ception of two years spent at Jeddo, Luzerne 
county, under Myrick & Wren. In fonnection 
with his work as foreman of the Grant Iron 
Works, he is the agent for the Exeter Steam. 
Heating company, of Exeter, New Hampshire, 
which business is conducted independent of the 
iron works. For this latter business he em- 
ploys a number of men to conduct his affairs 
and to carry on the work in Shenandoah, 
Frackville, Tamaqua, and other towns. 

In politics, he is a republican, and has served 
as councilman for three years, and is at present 
a member of the school board. He is an at- 
tendant at the English Lutheran church, and 
is a member of Mahanoy City Council, No. 
162, Royal Arcanum. 

lUriCHAEL O'HABA, who was one of the 

A most prominent and highly respected 

citizens of Shenandoah, Pennsylvania, was born 
in County Mayo, Ireland, in 1839, and died in 
Shenandoah, January 9, 1893. When he was 
but eight months old his parents came to this 
country and settled at Waymart, Wayne 
county, Pennsylvania, and were among the 
pioneers, of that section of the State. 

Mr. O'Hara grew to manhood in that 
county. He took up contracting, and at the 
time of th^ breaking out of the civil war he 
held a position on the D., L. and W. railroad, 
as contractor, with his residence at Scran- 
ton. In 1 86 1 Mr. O'Hara enlisted in the three 
months' service as first lieutenant under Cap- 



tain Rogers. At the expiration of that term 
of service he returned to Scranton, and in 1862 
organized a company. With this company he 
was very popular, so popular that before they 
started for the front they presented him with a 
gold watch, full uniform, sword, sash and belt. 
Subsequently, upon being allowed choice of 
company, Mr. O'Hara resigned the captaincy 
of his own company and became a lieutenant 
under General Terry, where he remained until 
1863. In the latter part of 1863, after return- 
ing to his home in Scranton, he visited Ma- 
hanoy Plane to inform Colonel Kopp that his 
(Kopp's) brother had been wounded on the 
battle-field. That visit was the means of 
causing him to locate in Shenandoah. Colonel 
Kopp offered him the foremanship of con- 
struction on the first railroad (P. & R.) ever 
built into Shenandoah. Mr. O'Hara accepted 
the position, and while filling this position he 
became acquainted with Messrs. Jonathan 
Wasley and J. O. Roads, who tendered him a 
position as shipper at Shenandoah colliery, 
which he accepted and held one year, when he 
entered upon other pursuits in the town, and 
eventually acquired considerable wealth. 

He was always prominent in public affairs, 
and was well-liked and popular with all 
classe.s. He engaged in politics in the early 
history of Shenandoah, serving as chief burgess 
in 1873, 1874 and 1875, •'"^ for six consecu- 
tive years served as county auditor of Schuyl- 
kill county, and was a member of W'atkin 
Waters Post G. A. R. 

On July 5, 1864, he married Mary F. 
Franey, a daughter of Martin Franey. This 
union was blessed with the following children : 
Martin F., Dr. Patrick H.,born December 26, 
1865, in Shenandoah, Pennsylvania, where he 
was educated, graduating from the Shenandoah 
high school in 1886. He then entered the 

Niagara University, at Niagara Falls, New 
York, where he took a course preparatory to 
the study of medicine. He then entered the 
preceptorship of Dr. D. J. Langton of Shenan- 
doah, and thence the medical department of 
the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia, 
from which renowned institution of learning 
he graduated May, 1892. While pursuing his 
studies at the University and during his vaca- 
tions, he took special instructions under such 
prominent specialists as Professor Deaver of 
St. Mary's Hospital, Philadelphia, Dr. Rephus 
of St. Agnes' Hospital, and Dr. William Xorris 
of Will's Eye Hospital. After his graduation 
Dr. O'Hara practised for a time in Shenandoah 
when he took an extended tour of travel 
throughout the United States, visiting many of 
the more prominent hospitals with a view of 
fortifying himself professionally. He came 
back to Shenandoah and practiced until 1893, 
when he was elected by the Directors of the 
Poor of Schuylkill county to take charge of 
the hospital in connection with the county 
alms-house and superintendent of the insane 
asylum ; Kate, Michael J. James, a student in 
the medical department of the University of 
Pennsylvania; Nellie, Maggie, .Mary and Ar- 
thur, all living; and one deceased, Martin F., 
who was born June 20, 1865, in Shenandoah 
and learned the trade of a telegraph operator, 
and at the time of his untimely death was in 
the employ of the Philadelphia and Reading 
Coal and Iron Company, as telegraph operator 
and clerk at the Shenandoah colliery. His 
death was occasioned by being struck by a train 
while on his way from work. He was a young 
man who stood deservedly high in his commu- 
nity, and was universally loved and respected 
by all who knew him, possessing qualities of 
head and heart that endeared him to all his 



I^B. J. SPENCER CAI>L,E]!f, one of the 

leading physicians of Shenandoah, Penn- 
sylvania, is a son of Alfred and Ann (Tucker) 
Callen, and was born in St. Clair, Schuylkill 
county, Pennsylvania, January 15, 1852. The 
family are of Welsh lineage. His father was 
born in the southern part of Wales in the year 
1822, and crossed the Atlantic to the United 
States in 1852, locating in the suburban village 
of Providence, now a part of the city of Scran- 
ton, Pennsylvania. In 1853 he remoyed to 
St. Clair, Schuylkill county, and fourteen years 
later to Shenandoah, same county, where he 
died in 1880. He followed mining for a live- 
lihood during the first years of his residence 
in Pennsylvania, and gradually rose to the 
position of foreman. From 1867 to 1876 he 
engaged in .merchandising in Shenandoah. 
He was a man of deep religious convictions 
and a prominent member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, in which denomination he 
frequently officiated as a lay minister. His 
marriage was solemnized in 1847, and was 
blessed by the birth of seven children, four 
sons and three daughters. Of this number 
three still survive : Rev. B. T., the present 
pastor of the Methodist Episcopal church at 
Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, who was graduated 
in a classical course from Wyoming seminary, 
Kingston, Pennsylvania, in the class of i88o, 
wedded Jennie Feor, of Pittston ; subject, J. 
Spencer; and Hattie A., a graduate of the 
Bloomsburg State Normal school. 

Dr. Callen was united in marriage to Mattie 
B. Parmley, a daughter of William and Jane 
Parmley, of St. Clair, Pennsylvania, June i, 
1887. To this union have been born three 
children, only one of whom is now living; 
Robert S., born April 4, 1888. After receiv- 
ing the advantages of the public schools Dr. 
Callen entered the Wyoming seminary and 

completed his academic education. This done 
he entered upon the study of medicine under 
the preceptorship of Dr. G. L. Reagan, of 
Shenandoah, but now of Berwick, Pennsylva- 
nia. He was graduated from the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons at Baltimore, Mary- 
land, in 1881, taking the fifth prize in a class 
of one hundred and forty-four for general pro- 
ficiency in theoretical and practical medicine. 
Since his graduation he has been in active 
practice in the town of Shenandoah. He is a 
member of the County and State medical so- 
cieties, and was formerly president of the 
Medical Association of Schuylkill county. 
Besides the active practice of his profession 
Dr. Callen is identified largely with the busi- 
ness interests of his city. He is president of 
the Shenandoah Heat and Power Company, a 
director in the Citizens' Arc Electric Light 
Company, and also in the Shenandoah Water 
and Gas Company. In church and religious 
work he also takes a leading part, having been 
for the past eleven years superintendent of 
the Methodist Episcopal Sunday-school, the 
largest Protestant school in Shenandoah. As 
an active worker in the church ajid an advo- 
cate of the efficacy of the religious .spirit in 
life he affords an example worthy of commen- 
dation. He is a trustee in the church of his 
choice. Fraternally he is a member of Shen- 
andoah Lodge, No. 591, I. O. O. F. 

Dr. Callen's mother was born in Temple 
Cloud, Somersetshire, England, on July 10, 
1820, and is now residing at Shenandoah with 
him, well preserved and in comparatively 
good health. 

Dr. Callen is a wide-awake, enterprising 
business man, as well as a successful and 
skilled physician. He is a man of influence 
in his city, characterized by affability, integ- 
rity and a laudable public spirit. His ambi- 



tion reaches beyond the bounds of mere sel- 
fishness and material consideration, to that 
wider and higher sphere of life, in which intel- 
lectual, moral and spiritual elements are de- 
manded for the rounding out of a more perfect 
character. He is popular and well liked. 

^HARLES T. PALMER, M. D., the well- 
^^ known Eye and Ear specialist, is a son 
of Hon. Robert M. and Isabella (Seitzinger) 
Palmer, and was born in Pottsville, Schuylkill 
county, Pennsylvania, September 8, 1843. 
His father was a native of New Jersey, born 
in Mount Holly in the year 1820. His grand- 
father, Judge Strange N. Palmer, was a son 
of Hon. Nathan Palmer, a lineal descendant 
of Miles Stanish, settled in Pottsville in 1829, 
and remained a resident of that place for a 
period of thirty-six years. Nathan Palmer 
was born in Plainfield, Connecticut, and in 
early life came to Pennsylvania, where he 
afterwards served in the State Senate for three 
years, having been elected by his Democratic 
constituents of Luzerne and Northumberland 
counties. Robert was nine years of age when 
his father removed to Pottsville, and in his 
youth began the trade of printing. He passed 
through the usual routine of the apprentice, 
and step by step reached the editorial chair of I 
the Emporium. While performing his editorial 
duties, he took up the study of law, and was 
admitted to practice before the Schuylkill 
county bar in 1H45. In 1850, he was elected 
district attorney of his count)-, and from that 
time forth took high rank as an able, careful, 
conscientious lawyer. He allied himself with 
the Democratic party, and from time to time 
was prominent in its councils, when, in 1858, 
he was elected to the State Senate from 
Schuylkill county. During the last year of 

his term, he filled the chair of Speaker of the 
Senate, and acquitted himself with honor and 
dignity. His grandfather occupied the same 
position half a century before. In the spring 
of 1 86 1, he was appointed by President Lin- 
coln as Minister to the Argentine Republic, 
South America, and sailed for that country in 
May of the same year. His health began 
gradually to fail after a short residence there, 
and his physicians advised a change. He 
resolved to return home before the end of the 
year, but on the thirteenth day of his voyage, 
April 26, 1862, he died, and his remains were 
buried beneath the waves of the sea. He left 
a widow and six children, three of whom still 
survive, the eldest being our subject. 

Charles T. received his preliminary educa- 
tion in the public schools of Pottsville, upon 
the completion of which he began reading 
medicine under Dr. Thomas G. Morton, of 
Philadelphia, now president of the State board 
of the msane. He then entered the Medical 
Department of tlic University of Pennsylvania, 
from which he was graduated in 1865. During 
his course in i864-'65, he was resident sur- 
geon of the Wills' Eye hospital of Phila- 
delphia. Prior to this, in 1862, he had served 
as medical cadet in the U. S. army hospital at 
Philadelphia, and in 1863, enlisted in com- 
pany B, 27th Pennsylvania volunteers, as a 
private, went to the front for service and was 
discharged July, 1863. After his graduation. 
Dr. Palmer located in Pottsville, where he has 
since continued to practice, the first eight 
years in general medicine, and since that time 
as a specialist of the Eye and Ear. He has 
acquired a large and successful practice, and 
is regarded as a professionally learned and 
skillful practitioner. He is a member of the 
State medical society, of the county medical 
society, and is one of the board of United 



States pension examiners. In politics, he is a 
republican, active and faithful to his convic- 
tions, and in 1872 was elected Coroner of 
Schuylkill county, for a term of three years, 
during the Mollie Maguire excitement. Fra- 
ternally, he is connected with the following 
organizations : Gowan Post, No. 23, G. A. R. ; 
Miners' Lodge, No. 20, I. O.O. F. ; Pulaski 
Lodge, No. 216, F. and A. M. ; Mountain 
City R. A. Chapter, No. 196; Constantine 
Commandery, No. 41, Knights Templar. 

Dr. Palmer married January 23, 1872, Sue 
Mortimer, a daughter of William Mortimer, a 
prominent retired merchant of Pottsville, now 
deceased. Two children have been born to 
them : Sue, born September 30, 1 877 ; Charles 
T., Jr., born February 10, 1881. 

▼T^HOMAS T. WILIilAMS, a well-known 
insurance man, and the present justice 
of the peace of Shenandoah, Schuylkill county, 
Pennsylvania, is a son of Thomas and Cather- 
ine (Williams) Williams, was born in South 
Wales on October 15, 1857. 

His father was a native of Wales, and was 
born about the year 1 830. He emigrated to 
Minersville, Schuylkill county, about the year 
1861, where he died in 1875. By occupation 
he was a miner, which he pursued throughout 
the entire period of his residence in this coun- 
try. His marriage resulted in a family of three 
sons and three daughters: Mary, died in 
Wales, at the age of two years ; David, a resi- 
dent of Shenandoah, Schuylkill county ; Mary, 
deceased at the age of three years; Sarah, 
wife of John Seiders, of Lebanon, Pennsyl- 
vania ; John, deceased in Mahanoy City, Penn- 
sylvania, on November 29, 1877; and Thomas 
T., subject. Mrs. Williams was born in the 
year 1820, and died in the year 1873. 

Thomas T. Williams was joined in marriage 

on January 7, 1882, to Emily Seager, a daugh- 
ter of John and Eliza Seager, of Shenandoah, 
Pennsylvania. Mr. Seager was a native of 
England, came to America about the year 
1 86 1, and is still living in Shenandoah City, 
where he pursues the occupation of a miner. 
The fruit of this marriage was three children: 
Herbert, born January I, 1883; Thomas, born 
August 29, 1884; Eniily, born April 3, 1889. 
Mr. Williams attended the public schools of 
Minersville for a short period, and then began 
work in the mines near that place. In 1879, 
he removed to Shenandoah, of which city he 
has remained a resident up to the present time. 
He continued as an' employee of the mines 
until the year 1884, when he was elected a 
member of the town council in the Third 
Ward. Politically, he is a republican, and 
has always taken an active part in the politics 
of his city and county. In 1885, he was ap- 
pointed tax receiver by the commissioners of 
the county, to take charge of the State and 
county taxes. In 1 877, he received an appoint- 
ment as justice of the peace through Governor 
Beaver, and in 1888 was elected to serve the 
full term of five years, at the end of which 
time he was re-elected for a similar term. In 
1886, he represented his county as a delegate 
to the State convention, in which convention 
General James A. Beaver was nominated for the 
governorship. He has often, prior to and since 
that time, represented his district in county 
conventions. In the year 1887, in addition to 
his duties as justice of the peace, he added 
those of insurance agent, representing a num- 
ber of the oldest and best-known companies. 
He is also a representative of several well-known 
steamship lines. Fraternally, he is connected 
with Shenandoah Lodge, No. 591, I. O.O. F., of 
which he is a Past Grand, and General Harri- 
son Lodge, No. 251, Knights of Pythias. 



■pjLMER E. JOHNSON is a son of George 
W. and Sarah Johnson, and was born in 
St. Clair on the 36th of May, 1861. 

His father, Captain George W. Johnson, 
was born in Durham county, England, on 
August I 5, 1839, and in 1846, with his parents, 
emigrated to the United States. Shortly after 
landing the family came to Schuylkill county, 
and since that time Captain Johnson has re- 
mained a resident of the county, with the 
exception of four years .spent in Carbon 
county, Pennsylvania, in connection with Tun- 
nel colliery No. 6. He was early in life initi- 
ated into the work of the mines, first began as 
a slate picker, and subsequently passed through 
the various gradations open to the energetic 
and ambitious employee of a colliery. At St. 
Clair, this county, he was employed in the 
Hickory colliery, owned and operated by 
William Milnes, Jr. & Co. Here he was 
regularly promoted until he was finally placed 
in charge of the shipping interests and all the 
supplies necessary for the operation of the 
colliery. This position he filled for five years 
when in March, 1865, he was transferred to 
the collieries located near Tuscarora, this 
county, and placed in charge as superinten- 
dent of the Mammoth Vein Coal Company. 
Subsequently he entered with Messrs. Dovey 
md Southall. who became proprietors of the 
Pha-nix I'ark collieries near Minersville, where 
he remained for four years, thence he went to 
Shenandoah, and opened and operated the 
Turkey Run colliery for nine years. At the 
expiration of this time he engaged in the 
mercantile business in Shenandoah up to the 
year 1890, when he removed to St. Clair, 
where he now resides. Captain Johnson is a 
man of great energy and perseverance, and 
his success in life must be attributed in great 
part to these qualities in addition to a per- 

sonality of force and magnetism. He has 
always been a patron of the public school 
system, and served for five years as a member 
of the school board, a part of the time as 
president. In 1884 he was elected Register 
for Schuylkill county, and served one term of 
three years with credit to himself and entire 
satisfaction to the county. He was united in 
marriage with Sarah Bradbury, a daughter of 
William and Ann Bradbury, by whom he had 
a family of three children : William G., who 
is a member of the Elagle Hosiery Manufac- 
turing Company of Mahanoy City, this countj' ; 
Elmer E., subject ; and Sarah A. 

Elmer E. Johnson received his education in 
the high school of Shenandoah, and was sub- 
sequently graduated from the Philadelphia 
School of Pharmacy in 1S.S4. He is a re- 
publican in politics, and has always manife.sted 
a decided interest in the political affairs of the 
county. In January, 1885, he removed to 
Lost Creek, Schuylkill county, where he has 
continued in the drug business with success 
down to the present time. In the year 1890, 
he was elected justice of the peace, and still 
serves in that capacity. He is a young man 
of tact and business energy, whose success is 
assured. He commands the respect and 
esteem of his fellow-townsmen. 

^H.VULES BEXSINGER, a leading tailor 
^^ of Mahanoy City, was born June 23, 
1822, in East Brunswick township, Schuylkill 
count)-, Pennsylvania. His parents were Jacob 
and Hannah (Dreher) Bensinger. 

Frederick Bensinger, grandfather of Charles, 
was a native of Montgomery county, and mi- 
grated to East Brunswick township, Schuyl- 
kill county, before the time of the Revolu- 
tionary war, where he began farming, and 
continued until the outbreak of the conflict 



At that time he gave up civil pursuits and 
entered into the struggle for independence 
with the characteristic zeal and patriotism of 
the American colonist. Subsequently he be- 
came a pensioner through his services in 
behalf of the independence of his country. 
He was united in marriage to Mary Weiman, 
and was the father of eight children. 

His son, Jacob, father of our subject, was 
born in Schuylkill county,' Bensinger's Valley, 
on a part of the five hundred acres that his 
father received by patent from the Common- 
wealth. The year 1 796 marks the date of his 
birth, and his death occurred in 1847, ^^ the 
age of fifty-one years. His vocation was that 
of a blacksmith and farmer. In 1843, he re- 
moved to Middleport, Schuylkill county, and 
afterward to Lewistown, this county, where 
he died. He was a Jacksonian Democrat in 
his political affiliations, to which party he 
was thoroughly wedded. His marriage re- 
sulted in an issue of six children, three boys 
and three girls. 

Charles Bensinger entered matrimonial 
bonds with Christina Kleckner, a daughter of 
John Kleckner, of East Brunswick township, 
Schuylkill county. By this marriage they 
have children as follows: Sarah E., wife of 
Theodore Hammer, a salesman of Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania ; Joseph J., of Dubois, 
Clearfield county, Pennsylvania, proprietor of 
the Commercial Hotel; John C, of Strouds- 
burg, Pennsylvania, in the merchant tailoring 
business ; Emily C, married to Jacob H. 
Olhausen, of Elizabeth, New Jersey, superin- 
tendent of the Jersey Central railroad ; Han- 
nah L., at home; Howard O., living in Du- 
bois, Pennsylvania, a clerk in the employ of 
his brother Joseph ; Ida S., wife of E. Fred- 
erick Vosburg, a druggist, of Dubois; and 
four dead. 

Mr. Bensinger benefited by a common 
school education, and then entered upon an 
apprenticeship to learn merchant tailoring. 
After the completion of his trade, he left 
Pottsville, and went into business for himself 
at Middleport, Schuylkill county, where he 
remained for twenty-five years. At the expi- 
ration of this time he removed to Mahanoy 
City, and has been there since 1868. He 
is one of the oldest tailors in the county, 
and has been in continuous business for over 
fifty years. 

In politics, Mr. Bensinger is a republican, 
and voted for Henry Clay at the time of his 
candidacy for President of the United States. 
While at Middleport, he served eight years as 
postmaster, having been appointed by Presi- 
dent Lincoln to that position. Besides this he 
has served as school director at both Middle- 
port and Mahanoy City. Religiously, he is a 
member of the English Lutheran church. In 
the fraternal world, he is a very prominent 
figure, and holds membership in Mahanoy 
City Lodge, No. 357, F. and A. M.; Middle- 
port Lodge, No. 474, I. O. O. F., of which he 
is a charter member, and to the Henry Clay 
Encampment, No. 172, I.O.O.F., of Mahanoy 
City, of which he was first Chief Patriarch ; 
also, to the Senior Order of U.'A. M., No. 220, 
as a charter member. 

HON. CHARLES N. BRUMM, ex- repre- 
sentative in the United States Congress 
from the Thirteenth district of Pennsylvania, 
is a son of George and Salome (Zermholdt) 
Brumm, both of whom were of German birth. 
In the year 1841 his family moved to Miners- 
ville, then a town of thrift and considerable 
size, and has resided there since, with the 
exception of a year spent in Philadelphia. 



Charles received his education in the common 
schools of his native place, and with the ex- 
ception of a year's attendance at Pennsylva- 
nia College, he was denied any further higher 
education. His mother died when he was 
fourteen years of age, and his father when he 
was twenty, but already he had launched 
upon the tide of independent life. He at first 
learned the trade of jeweler and watchmaking, 
in accordance with a mechanical turn of mind, 
which later evinced considerable fertility. He 
invented a meat-cutter, upon which he secured 
letters of patent, a brick and mortar elevator, 
a railroad snow-shovel and a self-starting car- 
brake, all of which involved more or less me- 
chanical ingenuity. Besides his predilection 
for mechanics, he also had a fondness for dis- 
putation and dialectics and was led to register 
himself as a student of the law. He, accord- 
ingly, entered the office of Hon. Howell 
l'"isher, a successful and prominent lawyer, 
then residing in Minersville, and continued 
for nearly two years, when the first call for 
troops was made by President Lincoln. When 
this alarm was sounded Mr. Brumm laid aside 
volumes of torts and equity, and went to the 
front. He first enlisted as a private with the 
Ringgold Rifle Company, and before theexpi-. 
ration of three months he was elected to the 
position of first lieutenant. At the end of this 
time he re-enlisted in company K, 75th regi- 
ment, Pennsylvania volunteers, for a term of 
three years. He was shortly afterwards de- 
tailed as assistant quartermaster, and served 
in that capacit)- on the staffs of Generals Bar- 
low and Pcnnypacker, tenth army corps, until 
the end of his term. 

After the close of the war he engaged in the 
drug business for a short time, but was soon 
led to resume the study of law, which he did 
in the office of Hon. Edward Owen Parry, i 

About this time Schuylkill county was the 
scene of great social disorder, and Mr. Brumm 
was sent to the State capital with a view to 
obtain, if possible, the passage of an act au- 
thorizing a sp)ecial court and a special police 
force and a non-partisan jury law. Through 
his efforts largely such enactments took place, 
and when he shorth- afterwards made applica- 
tion for admission to the bar, he met with an 
unexpected refusal to be examined, because 
his efforts in obtaining order and securit)- in 
his county were alleged to be derogatory to 
the dignity of the old established courts. He 
was refused admission for about two ye.irs 
and a half, but finally, on March 7, 1870, he 
was admitted after having been admitted to 
practice in both Lebanon and Dauphin coun- 

Mr. Brumm has conjoined to his successful 
professional career the pleasures nf politics to 
a greater or less extent. Up to 1876 he had 
always been active and decisive in his support 
of the Republican party, and has uncompro- 
misingly denounced every heresy contradictory 
to good government and pure patriotism. In 
1871 he was a candidate for district attorney, 
but met with defeat at the hands of Hon. 
James B. Reill)-, the Democratic nominee, the 
county being at that time ovenyhelmingly 
Democratic. The financial question then be- 
fore the country began to present itself to Mr. 
Brumm in a new light, leading him to adopt 
substantially the position of the National 
Greenback Labor party, though some time 
previous to the formation of that party. In 
the councils of the Republican party he a<l- 
vised the adoption of such a financial policy, 
and after repeated rebuffs allied himself with 
the Greenback party, voting for Peter Cooper 
for President in 1876. 

In 187S he was nominated for C^ni^rcss by 



his party in Schuylkill county and became the 
. opponent of his old preceptor Hon. Howell 
Fisher, the nominee of the Republican party, 
and Hon. John W. Ryon, the Democratic can- 
didate. The latter was elected by a plurality of 
one hundred and ninety -two votes. In 1880 
he again received the nomination of his party 
and having also received the endorsement of 
the Republican party, was elected over Mr. 
Ryon by a very decided majority. In 1882 
he defeated Colonel J. M. Wetherill. In 1884 
he defeated W. F. Shepherd, Esq., and in 
1886 he defeated Hon. J. B. Reilly; in 1888 
he was defeated by Hon. James B. Reilly. 
Under the administration of President Har- 
rison he was appointed Assistant Attorney- 
General under Attorney- General Miller, but 
declined acceptance. He then resumed the 
practice of law, and in 1892 again was the 
nominee of his party for Congress, but went 
down in the general political landslide. 

Mr. Brumm was a member of the Union 
League, and is at present a member of Law- 
rence Post, No. — , G. A. R., the Loyal Le- 
gion, the Union Veteran Legion, Washington 
Camp, Patriotic Order Sons of America and 
the German Order of Harugari. 

On April 7, 1862, he was joined in marriage 
with Virginia James, a daughter of William 
and Susan James, of Minersville, Pennsylva- 
nia, and a sister of ex-district attorney Henry 
James, of Schuylkill. To them have been 
born nine children ; six of them are living — 
Howell Lincoln, a pattern-maker; Charles 
Claude, a machinist, married to Lucinda Bed- 
dow, of Minersville; Susan Ida, Joanna Lillie, 
Frank L. and Seth Arthur. 

Mr. Brumm, during his 1 political career, has 
always stood for principle rather than party. 
He has been a careful student of economics 
and never afraid of logical consequences, let 

them lead where they may. In his advocacy 
of political measures he always opposed the 
communistic and incendiary measures of po- 
litical upstarts, and believed in a rational com- 
mon-sense method of heahng the differences 
between capital and labor. In this respect he 
had a large and intelligent following. 

HENRY SCHEURMAN, the present affa- 
ble and efficient recorder of Schuylkill 
county, is of German stock, and was born in 
Cassel, Germany, January 17, 185 1. 

The father of Henry Scheurman, Carl 
Scheurman, was born in Frankenburg, Ger- 
many, March 15, 1820. Desiring to better his 
condition and escape the crowded economical 
conditions which existed in his native country, 
he resolved upon coming to the United States. 
In 1853, he located in Tamaqua, Schuylkill 
county, which for three years was the home 
of the family, when they removed to Tuscarora, 
thence to St. Clair, and in 1861 to Mahanoy 
City, where the father died, March 13, 1878. 
His trade was that of a carpenter, at which 
trade he worked until 1 867, when he went into 
the hotel business, which he pursued the re- 
mainder of his life. Politically, he was a dis- 
ciple of the school of Jackson, and took an 
active interest in the local politics of his bor- 
ough. In religious matters, he was active and 
enterprising. He was a member of St. Paul's 
German Reformed church, and was one of the 
organizers of the first Sabbath school in con- 
nection with his church. He was a leader in 
that movement which resulted in the establish- 
ment of the German cemetery at Mahanoy 
City. He married Elizabeth Schaumburg, who 
was also a native of Germany, and had a family 
of two children : Mrs. Lena Eichler, and Henry, 
who married, December 24, 1878, Mary E. 
Gabbert, a daughter of Adam Gabbert. 



Henry Scheurman had not the advantages 
of a higher education, but received his mental 
training in the public schools of the county. 
When a boy he worked in the mines, and con- 
tinued to work in and about the mines until 
he succeeded to his father's hotel business in 
1878, since which time he has, with the excep- 
tion of five years in the regular army of the 
United States, conducted the hotel business in 
Mahanoy City. 

He is a democrat of unswerving fidelity, 
and has ever taken a delight in the diver- 
sions of politics. He served as a member 
of the borough council of Mahanoy City 
during the years of 1882, 1883, and 1884, 
and as tax collector in 1885. In 1885, he was 
elected a justice of the peace, and served five 
years; he refused renomination, and in 1890 
was elected recorder for the county of 
Schuylkill, which position he is now accept- 
ably filling. 

From 1872 to 1877 he served in the stand- 
ing army of the United States, being in Gen. 
Crook's division, then stationed chiefly at P'orts 
D. A. Russell and Fetterman, in Wyoming. 
He took part in the campaign which resulted 
from the outbreak of the Ute tribe of Indians 
of Utah, and the campaign against the Indians 
of South Dakota in 1 877. He was discharged 
at Camp Robinson, formerly known as the Red 
Cloud agency, in 1877, just prior to the killing 
of General Custer. 

He i.s a member of St. Paul's German Re- 
formed church of Mahanoy City, and of a 
number of secret and fraternal organizations 
which are : General Grant Lodge, No. 
I.O.O.F. ; Henry Clay Encampment, N 
Mahanoy City Lodge, No. 94, A.D.O. 
of the Citizens' Fire Company, No. 2, 
hanoy City. 

X >ALEXTIXE W. MEDLAR, postmaster 
of Mahanoy City, Schuylkill county, 
was bom in McKeansburg, this county, on 
August 7, 185 1, a son of George and Mary 
A. (Schirerj Medlar. 

The Medlars are of French descent, the 
grandfather, Daniel Medlar, having come with 
his father from France when a boy. He first 
settled in Berks county, Pennsylvania, where 
he died in Hamberg. His business was that 
of a farmer, and his family consisted of six 
children, four sons and two daughters. \'al- 
entine's father was a native of Berks county, 
and was born near Reading in the year 1819, 
where he passed the early part of his life. 
I^ter, he removed to Hamilton county, Indi- 
ana, where he died in the year 1861. After 
the close of the civil war his family returned 
to Lehigh county, Pennsylvania, and resided 
there one year, after which they came to 
Schuylkill county, which has since been their 
home. Mr. Medlar was a blacksmith, a civil 
engineer and a farmer by occupation, while in 
political fjcrsuasion he was respectively a 
whig and a republican. While a resident 
of McKeansburg he served as justice of the 
peace for a period of nearly forty years, and 
was also appointed postmaster, but did not 
serve in that position. Religiously, he 
attached himself to the German Reformed 
church, of which he was a consistent and 
devoted member. His first wife was Rebecca 
Boyer, by whom he had thirteen children, 
three sons and ten daughters. Mrs. Medlar 
died in 1854. His second marriage to Mary 
resulted in the birth of ten children, 

ghters and seven sons. 

ne W. Medlar was united in mar- 
Mary E. Lawton, a daughter of 

and Jane Lawton of Mahanoy City, 
4^^e**Ssylvania, on May 3, 1872. 



Mr. Medlar received his education in the 
common schools and through independent 
study, after which he learned the harness- 
making trade, which he followed for nine 
years in Mahanoy City. The succeeding 
nine years he spent as a clerk, and in April, 
1890, was appointed postmaster for a term of 
four years, during the administration of Presi- 
dent Harrison. He is politically a republi- 
can, and has served as a director of schools in 
his borough for a term of three years. For 
thirteen years he was a member of company 
E, Silliman Guards, ten years of which time 
he served as corporal and sergeant. During 
the brigade encampment of Gettysburg, Penn- 
sylvania, he was appointed commissary ser- 
geant, and later, filled that position on 
Governor Beaver's staff, after his election. 
Fraternally, he is a member of Mahanoy City 
Lodge, No. 617, I. O. O. F.; Eureka Castle, 
No. 86, Knights of the Golden Eagle, of 
which he is Past Chief, and also an active 
member of Washington Hook and Ladder 
company No. i. 

Q liBBRT E. BROWN, a young business 
■^^ man of great promise and a prominent 
shoe manufacturer of Orwigsburg, Schuylkill 
county, Pennsvlania, is a son of David C. and 
Louise (Shoellenberger) Brown. He was born 
in Landingville, this county, on December 
16, 1855. 

He received his preliminary education in 
the public schools of Orwigsburg, but most 
of his education has been received in the 
more practical school of experience and 
through his own independent efforts — through 
attrition with the world, its competition, its 
ambitions, the contrariety of character ex- 
hibited by its people. When still a boy he 
entered the employ of Solomon Fidler, of 

Orwigsburg, who was quite extensively en- 
gaged in the building of boats for the Phila- 
delphia and Schuylkill canal, and soon became 
his book-keeper and clerk. He remained in 
this capacity until the year 1874, when he 
accepted a position with the Orwigsburg Shoe 
company, as a travelling salesman. After 
having been on the road for this company for 
two years, he associated himself with Mr. 
Albright, under the firm name of Albright and 
Brown, for the purpose of manufacturing chil- 
dren's and misses' shoes. This partnership 
continued in force for a period of four years, 
at the end of which time it was amicably and 
by mutual consent dissolved. 

The two succeeding years Mr. Brown spent 
in the employ of boot and shoe jobbers, and 
then entered into partnership with P. W. 
Fegley, under the style of A. E. Brown & Co., 
manufacturers of boots and shoes. 

In 1889 they built the substantial and com- 
modious factory located on the corner of 
Mifflin and Warren Streets, which they at 
present occupy. The factory is a frame struc- 
ture forty-two feet front, eighty-four feet deep 
and two stories in height, and gives employ- 
ment to about ninety hands, including eight 
travelling salesmen, who carry their goods 
throughout every State in the Union. Within 
the past few years, as the result of judicious 
management, the orders received by this com- 
pany exceed their capacity to fill them, which 
fact argues very strongly indeed for the quality 
of goods turned out. 

As a business man, Mr. Brown is character- 
ized by energy, enterprise and inherent busi- 
ness faculty. His marked success has been 
largely due to his knowledge of men and 
things, courage to hold out under difficulties, 
and his capability in the management of the 
details of a large and growing trade. In this 



he has shown himself to possess discrimina- 
tion, judgment and patience, three qualities 
that are necessary wherever success is possible 
Personally, he is very agreeable and popular, 
and possesses those attributes of character 
and personality that attract, which in others 
so often repel. He is a man of strictest probity, 
and has inspired a confidence that is un- 

Mr. Brown is a republican in politics, and 
served an unsolicited term as borough coun- 
cilman. He is also a member of Schuylkill 
Lodge No. 1 38, F. and A. M., and of the P. 
O. S. of A., of Orwigsburg. 

He was united in marriage with Alice E. 
Bickley, a daughter of John H. Hick ley, of 
Dover, New Jersey, on September 10, 1881. 
Their union has resulted in the birth of the 
following children : Clarence B., born July 13, 
1882, and Guy A., born June 23, 1885. 

¥ W. SCHKADISR, the well-known and 
^ • popular editor and proprietor of the 
Jefferson Democrat, was born June 28, 1828, 
in Hanover, Germany. When but three years 
of age he was taken by his grandparents, with 
whom he remained until the death of his 
grandfather, when he was taken and educated 
by his uncle, an educated minister who lived 
in Hanover, Germany. After obtaining a tair 
education, he worked for a time as a clerk to 
a lawyer, and then learned the trade of a 

In 1849, seeking his fortune in the New 
World, he set sail for America, landing in 
the country without friends or money ; but 
possessed of a strong will and a desire to suc- 
ceed, he set resolutely to work. 

He secured employment as a track hand on 
the Camden and Amboy railroads for one 

year, when he went to Bucks county, and for 
one year was engaged in the iron ore mines. 
In 1851 he came to Schuylkill county, and for 
a time was employed as a section hand on the 
Schuylkill and Susquehanna railroads, and 
later, for a short time, as stone mason, under 
the late Adam Schelling, of Ashland, this 

In 1852 he located in Pottsville and tobk a 
position as printer in the office of the Schuyl- 
kill Democrat, a German weekly paper pub- 
by Phillip Leipe. On August 9, 1855, Mr. 
Schrader and H. J. Hendler formed a partner- 
ship and purchased this paper, changing' its 
name to The Jefftnon Democrat, issuing the 
first copy of that paper on the above date. 
I'hey continued to ojjerate this paper until 
1872, when they purchased the Pottsville 
Standard, which they edited for two years, 
when Mr. Hendler retired from the firm and 
.Mr. Schrader became sole proprietor and 
editor of the Jefferson Democrat, in which 
capacity he served until death ended his 

Mr. Schrader was a man of high literary 
attainments, he was a great reader and a close 
student of current events, and in this way ob- 
tained a vast fund of information which he 
could express in vigorous and elegant lan- 
guage, and his paper was the best edited and 
most widely circulated German paper in the 
county. His paper was held in high esteem 
by the German element of the county, and his 
good judgment was frequently sought by others 
than his own countryman. He was a man 
who took a special delight in the subject of 
music, in which he was proficient, serving at 
one time as a church organist. 

Politically, a democrat, he was actively 
interested in local and State and national 
politics, and political policies. 



Mr. Schrader lived an exemplarj' life, and 
his death was lamented by all who knew him. 

C'AMUEIi AUMAN, of Pottsville, Schuyl- 
kill county, Pennsylvania, is a man, who 
through energy, foresight, and strict business 
integrity, has achieved success. He is a son of 
Henry and Catherine (Breyman) Auman, and 
was born in Amity township, Berks county, 
Pennsylvania, November 14, 1824. His grand- 
father on the paternal side was Henry Auman, 
Sr., a native of Hanover, Germany, and came to 
the United States as a Hessian mercenary of 
the British crown, during the war of the 
Revolution. He was one of those who were 
surprised by General Washington and taken 
prisoners prior to the memorable battle of 
Trenton. At the conclusion of the war, he 
refused to return to his native country, and 
settled near Amityville, Amity township, 
Berks county, where he engaged in teaching 
school. For this he had been specially fitted 
in the splendid system of German schools, 
before his departure from his native country. 
In church matters he also was prominent, 
being a member of the German Lutheran 
church, of Amityville, for a number of years, 
in which he was choirmaster. He died in the 
year 1839, at the age of eighty-three years, 
near Amityville, Berks county, Pennsylvania. 
His wife's rnaiden name was Catherine Beitam,^ 
a resident of Carlisle, Pennsylvania, by whom 
he had five children, two sons and three dau- 
ghters : Elizabeth, Catherine, Sarah, George, 
and Henry, all deceased. 

Henry, father of Samuel, was born in Berks 
county, Pennsylvania, in the year 179S, and 
removed to Union county, this State in 1842, 
from whence he came to Pottsville in April, 
1 848. He was a weaver by trade, but prior 

to coming to Pottsville, had been variously 
engaged in farming, butchering, etc. After 
his removal to Pottsville, he again resumed 
his trade and continued it until his de^ith in 
February, 1874. In politics, he gave his sup- 
port to the whig and republican parties, 
while religiously he was a communicant in 
the German Lutheran church. By his mar- 
riage he became the father of eleven children : 
Albert, Levi (deceased), William, Henry (de- 
ceased), James, Samuel (subject), Maiy (de- 
ceased), Amelia, Sarah, Catherine (deceased), 
Elizabeth (deceased). 

Samuel Auman was first united in marriage 
to Sarah Umbenhauer, of Pottsville, Penn- 
sylvania, on April 6, 1849. To them were 
born four daughters : Sallie E., deceased; 
Emma L., at home ; Ellen E., wife of Win- 
field Robinson, a merchant living at Wilkes- 
Barre ; Minnie, wife of Thomas H. Hooper, 
of Wilkes-Barre, a mining contractor. His 
wife died February 13, i860, at the age of 
twenty-nine years. Mr. Auman again mar- 
ried Mrs. Elizabeth Hollenbeck, widow of 
Eben Hollenbeck, of Memphis, Tennessee, 
August 6, 1 86 1, by whom he has two children : 
William, a civil and mining engineer, married 
to Ona Flack, and now a resident of Wilkes- 
Barre, Pennsylvania ; and one died in infancy. 

Mrs. Auman, his second wife, is a daughter 
of Jedediah Irish, a native of Luzerne county, 
(now Bradford county), Pennsylvania, born 
April 8, 1797. Mr. Irish left his native county 
about 1820, and removed to Mauch Chunk. 
From this period on his hfe was marked by a 
number of removals. He successively resided 
at Rockport, Mauch Chunk, Mifflin, Hazelton, 
Tuscarora and Pottsville, accommodating him- 
self to his business as civil engineer and sur- 
veyor, which he followed assiduously all his 
life. He died in Luzerne county, Pennsyl- 



vania, on January i8, 1871. While at Mauch 
Chunk, he was engaged as manager of the 
lumber business of the Lehigh Coal and 
Navigation company. 

He was a democrat in political principles, 
and during the years 1834-35, represented 
Northampton county in the State Legisla- 

His marriage resulted in the birth of four 
children, of whom only two reached matu- 
rity: Theodore, a farmer in the State of 
Georgia, and Elizabeth (now Mrs. Auman). 
Elizabeth was born November 17, 1825, 
and was married to Eben HoUenbeck, June 
23, 1852. He died November 12, 1858. 
By this marriage she became the mother of 
two children : Jedediah, Jr., married to Mar- 
garet Hannum, and now living at Hazelton, 
Pennsylvania, a mining engineer in charge of 
mines at Millinesville, Pennsylvania; and Gay, 

Mr, Auman was educated in the common 
schools of Berks and Union counties, and 
came to Pottsville, Pennsylvania, in 1845, 
where he has since resided. He learned the 
trade of bricklaying, and followed it as a 
journeyman until 1849, when he began con- 
tracting and building. To the artistic and 
architectural excellence of his work, some of 
the leading edifices of Pottsville are the best I 
testimonials, among which are school-buildr 
ings. stores, banks, dwelling houses, and | 
churches. The jail and court-house have { 
also been improved by his work. At present 
he is building for the Lehigh Valley Coal 
company some twenty blocks of houses. 

Mr. Auman is a republican, but not in any 
sense a strong partisan ; served as a member 
of the council for five years and school di- 
rector for almost two terms, receiving the sup- 
port of all parties. 

PJLI SPA YD RELN'HOLD, cashier of the 
Union National Bank of Mahanoy City, 
Pennsylvania, was born at Reinholdsville, Lan- 
caster county, Pennsylvania, January 14, 1847. 
He received his education at the Mjerstown 
academy and Millersville State Normal school, 
and then further fitted himself for a business 
career by a thorough course in book-keeping 
and commercial law. After teaching in the 
public schools of his native county for a period 
of three years, he accepted a position as book- 
keeper for a large wholesale house in Phila- 
delphia, where he remained until the opening 
of the Union Business college of that city in 

1865, in which he was offered a position. In 

1866, he removed to Detroit, Michigan, where 
he became book-keeper in the western office 
of the New York Life Insurance company, for 
which position he was highly recommended by 
the C'jllege. Ill health compelled him to re- 
sign this place, and the next year he returned 
East and took up his former vocation of teach- 
ing in Schuylkill county. He closed his career 
as teacher by resigning the superintendency of 
the Mahanoy City public schools, which he 
did in August, 1871, in order to enter the ser- 
vice of the First National Bank of that city. 
He remained connected with this bank for a 
term of eighteen years, when, in 1889, the 
Union National Bank was organized, and he 
became its cashier, which responsible position 
he now holds. During the year 1882, Mr. 
Reinhold made a trip to Europe, visited the 
principal countries and cities of the Continent, 
and contributed a series of very interesting 
and instructive letters to the Mahanoy Triune, 
of which he had once been editor, relative to 
his travels and observations abroad. 

Although his life has been a busy one, Mr. 
Reinhold has found time for broad scientific 
and literary culture, the pursuit of which af- 



fords him rare pleasure. He has made a large 
collection of specimens illustrating the subjects 
of mineralogy and geology, and is an associate 
member of the Philadelphia Academy of Nat- 
ural Sciences, to whose scientific pubUcations 
he has been a frequent contributor. Literature 
and science are subjects that have always made 
a very sympathetic appeal to him, and for 
which he has a special affinity. In this respect, 
he has not only familiarized himself with the 
English literature bearing upon his favorite 
specialties, but has also a large acquaintance 
with the foreign literature of the subjects as 
well. Besides this purely intellectual recre- 
ation, he takes a keen interest in the municipal 
affairs of his city, and has served as secretary 
of the city council continuously since 1873. 
He is a man of weight and intelligence in 
public aifairs, and brings to the council the 
wisdom of discrimination and good judg- 

Mr. Reinhold wedded Louisa J. Compton, 

of the State of New Jersey, on , 

1866. To them has been born one child, 
Milton C, a graduate of Bucknell University 
in the class of 1888, and at present a practicing 
attorney at the bar of Schuylkill county. He 
is treasurer of the Eagle Hosiery Mill. 

j^ATRICK J. GAUGHAJN", vice-president 
of the Merchants' National bank and a 
prominent business man of Shenandoah, Penn- 
sylvania, is a representative of. that large class 
of enterprising and progressive citizens of Irish 
extraction, whose genius and personality are 
reflected from every walk of life. He is a son 
of Lawrence and Mary (Kelly) Gaughan, and 
was born in August, 1852, in Vermont. His 
grandfather, Patrick Gaughan, was born in 
County Mayo, Ireland, came to America and 

spent seven or eight years of his life, but re- 
turned to the fatherland, where he died. 

In 1 82 1, Lawrence Gaughan first saw the 
light of day on the " Emerald Isle." He 
came to the United States with his father, 
when twelve years of age, but returned with 
him, where he remained until 1 849, when he 
again sought the hospitable shores of America, 
locating this time in Vermont. He soon after- 
wards came to the State of New York, and 
once more crossed the Atlantic to his native 
Isle, where he remained until 1864, when he 
came to Girardville,Schuylkill county, his home 
ever since and where he now lives a retired 
life. He married a Mary Kelly, who died 
when Patrick, the only issue, was but one and 
a half )>-ears old. 

Patrick J. Gaughan was educated partly in 
the schools of Ireland and then a good busi- 
ness course in Villanova College, near Phila- 
delphia. In 1872, he took a position with Mr. 
J. B. Monaghan, a dry-goods merchant of 
Shenandoah,, as a clerk for two years, when 
he entered Villanova College for two sessions ; 
he then came back to Shenandoah, and in con- 
nection with Peter J. Monaghan, under firm 
name of Monaghan and Gaughan, embarked 
in the dry-goods and grocery business. This 
partnership continued until 1880, when Mr. 
Gaughan purchased the entire stock and has 
successfully conducted the business ever since. 
His store is located at No. 27 Main Street, 
and is ninety-six feet deep by seventeen feet 
wide. He occupies three floors, which are 
well filled with everything usually found in a 
first-class store. 

Mr. Gaughan does not confine himself exclu- 
sively to his mercantile pursuits, but has taken 
an active part in the shaping and moulding of 
many of the business enterprises of his town. 
He lent largely of his time and influence to that 



move which resulted in the organization of the 
Merchants' National Bank of Shenandoah, in 
March, 1 891 . He became its first vice-president 
and has been continued in that position to 
the present time. He helped to organize the 
Shenandoah Heat and Power Company, and 
has been one of its directors since its organi- 
zation. He is treasurer of the Miners, Me- 
chanics and Laborers' Building and Loan 
Association, and is treasurer of the Shenandoah 
Manufacturing Company, organized in 1893. 

He affiliates politically with the Democratic 
party and served a year as treasurer of his 

borough. On , 1 8 — , he married 

Anna J. Miles, and to this union have been 
born eight children. Three died in infancy; 
the living are : Ella, Annie, Mary, Joseph and 

Mr. Gaughan is a wide-awake, enterprising 
citizen, ever ready to give his influence to any 
move which has for its direct object the wel- 
fare of society and the good of the commnity 
in which he lives. 

nandoah, Pennsylvania, well-known 
throughout the county of Schuylkill as an ex- 
representative in the State Legislature from the 
first district of Schuylkill county, is a sort of 
Charles and Catherine (Jennings) Higgins. 
He was born in Cass township, Schuylkill 
county, Pennsylvania, on February 25, 1853. 
Mr. Higgins is of Irish descent, his father 
having been born in County Mayo, Ireland, 
and in 1848 he emigrated to the United States 
and during the first years of his residence in 
this country made Minersville, this county, his 
home. He removed in 1864 to Shenandoah, 
Schuylkill county, where he died. During the 
latter part of his life he engaged in the dry- 

goods and grocer's business, which pursuit 
occupied him until the time of his death. He 
took an unusual interest in the public weal 
and well-being in his neighborhood, cast his 
vote with the Democratic party, under which 
party he served as a school director of She- 
nandoah, for one term. He was president of 
the school board for quite a number of years. 
In his religious professions he belonged to the 
Roman Catholic church, to which he was de- 
voted, and whose welfare he kept with a single 
heart. By his marriage he had a large family 
of children. Thomas J. Higgins, the subject 
of this sketch, received his education in the 
common schools and at Villanova college, after 
which he began the merchandizing business in 
Shenandoah, in which he continued ten years. 
From early manhood he has always been in- 
terested in political and state affairs, and has 
figured prominently in the political arena of 
Schuylkill county. In the year 1880 he was 
elected a member of the state assembly from 
the first district of his county, and served in 
that body during the sessions of 1 88 1 and 1 883. 
During the period of his service the first ap- 
propriation, amounting to ^76,ocx:), was pro- 
cured for the Miners' Hospital at Ashland, 
Pennsylvania. He also introduced in the 
house, which was passed by a credible vote, a 
resolution expressing sympathy with the Irish 
people in their state of oppression at that 
time. This resolution was defeated in the 
senate. Besides this he introduced a bill in 
the house calling for an appropriation of 
^$50,000 for the support of miners' orphan 
schools in the anthracite coal regions, which 
was defeated by the senate but passed by the 

Mr. Higgins has always shown a commend- 
able interest in the social and humanitarian 
condition of the people of his own county. 



He has always been solicitious for their well- 
being, for the alleviation of suffering, the edu- 
cation and sustentation of the neglected, and 
the general uplifting of the lower classes. Of 
these facts his public record and attitude are 
the best attestation. 

Mr. Higgins was united in marriage with 
Elizabeth, a daughter of Miles and Susan 
Reily of Philadelphia, on October 15, I879. 
To this union there have been born two chil- 
dren, John and Ellen. Religiously, he and his 
family are connected with the Roman Catholic 
church of the Annunciation. 

T ^IVINGSTON V. RAUSCH is one of the 

proprietors of the Mahanoy Tribune, 
and is well known in Mahanoy City as a subr 
stantial and successful newspaper man. His 
parents are Valentine G. and Mary (Long) 
Rausch, who at the time of his birth, February 
3, 1858, were residents at Rausch Station, 
Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania. 

The first American ancestor of the Rausch 
family was John Rausch, who came from Ger- 
many about 1780, and located in Berks county, 
Pennsylvania (then Chester county). This man 
was the great-great-grandfather of Livingston 
V. His great-grandfather was Samuel R. 
Rausch, a native and lifelong resident of Berks 
county, as was also John Rausch, his grand- 
father. The latter was by occupation a con- 
tractor and builder, and devoted considerable 
of his time to the construction of railroad 
work, part of the time being employed' in 
Northampton county, Pennsylvania, and some 
time in the State of Kentucky. In this capac- 
ity he had associated with him H. J. Hendler 
and Colonel Feger, under the firm name of 
Rausch, Hendler & Feger. He came to 
Schuylkill county (which at that time had been 

separated from Berks) in 1859, and was ap- 
pointed sheriff to fill an unexpired term. At 
the termination of this period he was elected 
to a full term of ofifice. Subsequent to this 
time he removed to Philadelphia, where he 
was engaged in the coal business until his 
death in 1869. He married a Miss Stichter, 
by whom he had nine children, six daughters 
and three sons. 

The father of Livingston V. was born in 
Schuylkill county, on the old homestead, at 
what is now known as Rausch Station, in the 
year 1831, at which place he passed the entire 
span of his life, with the exception of a very 
few years. He was a man of more than ordi- 
nary education and ability, and had a good 
knowledge of civil engineering. In this latter 
capacity he became an assistant to his father, 
in addition to keeping his books. During the 
civil war, he, in 1862, enlisted in Company G, 
48th regiment, Pennsylvania volunteer infan- 
try, and served until June 10, 1864. He first 
enlisted as a private, afterward became forage 
master," and later was made wagon master in 
charge of the provision train. He was drowned 
in the Potomac river June 10, 1864. By his 
marriage he had four children, three daughters 
and one son. 

On June 27, 1880, Livingston V. Rausch 
was joined in marriage with Carrie E. Schoe- 
ner, a daughter of Major John F. Schoener, of 
Mahanoy City, Schuylkill county. By this 
marriage he has two children, Lily and Wil- 
liam S. 

Mr. Rausch received his education in the 
common schools, and began an independent 
csyeer as a clerk, in which 'capacity he served 
two years. Later, he learned the trade of 
printer, and passed through the various pro- 
motions of the printing business, until in 1886, 
in conjunction with J. B. Irish, he became pro- 



prietor of the Mahanoy Tribune, under the firm 
name of Rausch & Irish. A year later, Guy 
C. Irish, a brother of J. B. became a member 
of the firm, and under this management the 
paper has since been successfully and ably 
conducted. Mr. Rausch is secretary of and a 
director in the Serial Building and Loan asso- 
ciation of Mahanoy City, and is unusually 
active in the interests of his city and the general 
public welfare. He is a republican in poli- 
tics, and his paper is conducted with a view to 
forwarding the interests of that party, which he 
believes to represent the best and most feasible 
policy for the successful administration of pub- 
lic affairs. He is a member of the Methodist 
church and an officer in its Sabbath school. 
Besides this, he is a member of Mahanoy City 
Lodge, No. 357, F. and A. M., member of 
Mizpah Chapter, No. 252, R. A. M.and Ivan- 
hoe Commandery, No. 31, K. T., Past Com- 
mander Cieneral of the Patriotic Order Sons 
of America, member of Mahanoy City Lodge, 
No. 617, 1.O.O.F., and of Mahanoy City Coun- 
cil, No. 162, Royal Arcanum. 

at Brookville, Jefferson county, Penn- 
sylvania. He was the third son of Benja- 
min Bartholomew, of Philadelphia, who, lik# 
our subject, was a lawyer, and member of the 
State legislature in 1846, representing the 
district of which Jefferson county was a part, 
and was afterwards district attorney of Schuyl- 
kill county, to which he removed with his 
family. Mr. Bartholomew received a liberal 
education, mainly at the Pottsville Academy, 
then under the charge of Elias Snyder, well 
known throughout eastern Pennsylvania. The 
celebrated Daniel Kirkwood was at that time 
one of the professors. As a boy after leaving 

school Mr. Bartholomew engaged in active 
business for a short time, but under the advice 
of friends and following the bent of his own 
inclination he commenced the study of law 
in the office of his father, and was admitted 
to the practice of his chosen profession in 
the several courts of Schuylkill county in 
the year 1857. By force of circumstances 
and education he connected himself with 
the Republican party in its inception, and 
very soon after his admission to the bar, by 
ability and inclination he occupied a promi- 
nent position in county politics. He was an 
aspirant for the office of district attorney in 
1859, but failed to secure the nomination of 
his party. In i860 he was nominated and 
elected a member of the lower branch of the 
legislature, and served on the committee of 
judiciary (general), and also ways and means 
during the critical juncture in the nation's his- 
ttjry, when South Carolina and sister States 
pjissed ordinances of secession. In 1861 he 
received the commission of aide-de-camp to 
Brigadier-General Wynkoop from Governor 
Curtin, and in pursuance of his appointment 
served in that position at York, Pa., and Cock- 
eysville, Md. His commission was annulled 
by the War department under a general order 
revoking and restricting appointments of that 
nature by State authority. He was then ap- 
pointed by the Secretary of War, General 
Cameron, to the permanent and responsible 
position of his private secretary, and served 
in that capacity until some time after the first 
battle of Bull Run, when he resigned and re- 
turned to Pottsville to resume the practice of 
his profession. 

In September, 1862, he was at the battle of 
Antietam, and in 1863, when the State was 
invaded by the Confederate army, he served 
in the 27th regiment Pennsylvania militia, Col. 



J. G. Frick. He served as a delegate to a 
number of State conventions, and was in 1 868 
a delegate at large from the State of Pennsyl- 
vania to the Chicago convention, where he 
supported General Grant for the Presidential 
nomination. In 1872 he was elected one of 
the members at large of the convention to 
amend the constitution of Pennsylvania, in 
which convention he was on the judiciary 
committee, and also chairman of the commit- 
tee on schedules. He was well known through- 
out the State as a political speaker and as a 
lawyer. He was possessed of a fine flow of 
language and good perceptive faculties, under- 
stood human nature and had a keen sense of 
humor. He was forcible as a speaker, and 
sometimes rose to eloquence; was a good de- , 
bater, ready in argument, and quick at repartee. 
The esteem and admiration in which he was 
held by his fellow-townsmen were evidenced 
in the fall of 1879, upon the occasion of hi% 
return from a trip of a few moijths to Europe. 
His fellow citizens, of all shades of politics, 
united in giving him a public reception, which 
amounted to an ovation. 

He died suddenly on the 22d of August, 
1 880, of heart disease, at Atlantic City, N. J. 

[The above is from Munsell's History of 
Schuylkill county]. 

TAf JOHN WHITEHOUSE, a leading at- 
• torney of the Schuylkill county bar, 
and prominently known throughout Eastern 
Pennsylvania as a criminal lawyer, was born 
in Blythe township, county aforesaid. State of 
Pennsylvania, June 15, 1852. He is a son of 
David and Maria (Shakespeare) Whitehouse. 
Paternal grandfather, Timothy Whitehouse, 
was a native and life-long resident of England. 
He was a machinist by trade, as was also his 

father, both of whom were skilled and efficient 
workmen. David Whitehouse, father of W. 
J., was born in the town of Dudley, Stafford- 
shire, England, in the year 1823, and cAme to 
the United States in 1848. Shortly after his 
arrival he . located at St. Clair, Schuylkill 
county, where he continued to reside for three 
years, when he removed to New Philadelphia. 
At the latter place he lived about twenty-five 
years, at the expiration of which time he came 
to Pottsville. He now lives in practical retire- 
ment. Prior to his coming to this country he 
had learned the trade of machinist, and worked 
at that trade until the time of his departure. 
After his arrival in Pennsylvania, he continued 
the trade until the outbreak of the Civil War, 
part of which time he was also engaged as a 
stationary engineer. About 1861, he pur- 
chased a small colliery near New Philadelphia, 
which was formerly known as the Whitehouse 
colliery, and operated it until the close of the 
war. This closed the active period of his 
life. In politics, he wields his suffrage in be- 
half of the republican party, and has always 
manifested a keen interest in the outcome of 
both national and local campaigns. His 
marriage with Maria Shakespeare of Stafford- 
shire, England, resulted in an offspring of 
eight children. 

• W. J. Whitehouse was united in marriage 
with Sallie Wintersteen, a daughter of Daniel 
and Elizabeth (Shaw) Wintersteen, of Port 
Carbon, this county, on January 13, 1878. 
This union has resulted in the birth of three 
children : Marian S., Clarence A. and John. 

Mr. Whitehouse received his education in 
the common schools of Schuylkill county and 
Cumberland Valley Institute, Mechanicsburg, 
at which latter institution he prepared for en- 
trance to Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa. 
Subsequently he became a teacher in the 




Cumberland Valley Institute, and pursued at 
the same time a special course of study under 
his principal, Professor Egey. At the close 
of his academic career he began the study of 
law, under Hon. Lin Bartholomew, a promi- 
nent lawyer of the Schuylkill county bar, and 
was admitted to practice in the year 1874. 
After his admission to the bar he remained in 
the office with his preceptor for three years, 
at the expiration of which time he became the 
republican candidate for District Attorney, 
but was defeated by ^eighty-two votes. This 
election was followed by a contest which lasted 
three years — the longest in the history of the 
State. In the year 1 881, he became solicitor 
for the county through an appointment of 
Commissioners of Court, and after the death 
of one of the commissioners, was displaced by 

Mr. after some political 

chicanery on the part of the remaining two 
commissioners. At this time he disclosed his 
intention of again presenting himself as a can- 
didate for District Attorney. He was accord- 
ingly nominated, and at the following election 
was declared the winning candidate by a 
majority of six hundred and fifty-seven votes. 
In this connection it is pertinent to record the 
defeat of the two commissioners above referred 
to. Mr. Whitehouse has been repeatedly a 
delegate to republican State conventions, and 
has twice been the representative of his dis- 
trict in National conventions, in 1880 and 
1888 respectively. During the National con 
vention of 1888. he appeared before the Penn- 
sylvania contingent in a speech ridiculing the 
proposed nomination of Mayor Fitler, of Phila- 
delphia, for the Presidency, and offered as a 
substitute the name of the burgess of his own 
town. This virtually quashed the Fitler 
boom and recalled the caucus to a sober con- 
sideration of what might be a sensible line of 

action. At the present time, Mr. Whitehouse 
is a delegate-at-large to the National conven- 
tion of the Republican League, which met 
in Louisville, Kentucky, in September of this 
year (1893) He has always taken an active 
part in State and county politics, is a brilliant 
speaker, and has an intelligent comprehension 
of party issues, party machinery, and the 
peremptor)' need of party purification. 

As a lawyer, Mr. Whitehouse stands de- 
servedly high. He has made a specialty of 
criminal law,andof the intricacies and subtleties 
of criminal procedure he is no less a master 
than of the system of jurisprudence that pre- 
scribes and proscribes human conduct. The 
secret of the criminal lawyer lies as much in 
unveiling the secrets of the heart as in a know-, 
ledge of the law and the routine of a case, 
which triple forces Mr. Whitehouse uses with 
telling effect. He is a careful student of law 
literature, as well as of human nature, pos- 
esses a keen and discriminating mind, and is 
always alert in the detection of technical 
points and legal manceuvering. Personally, 
he is affable, dignified, and commands the 
highest esteem. 

He is a member of the Patriotic Order Sons 
of America, and president of the Casino 

n yi>REW COMERV. ex-sheriff of Schuyl- 
■^^ kill county, and president of the Union 
National Bank of Mahanoy City, is of German 
lineage and was born in Cumberland county, 
Pennsylvania, January i, 1845. 

Grandfather John Comery was born in 
Germany, but emigrated to I^ncaster county, 
Pennsylvania, where he lived for a time and 
removed to Cumberland county, where he 
died. His life vocation was that of farming, 
and he belonged to that large class of prosper- 



ous and enterprising farmers for which the 
counties of Lancaster and Cumberland are 

Father Andrew Comery, Sr., was born in 
Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, and died 
in the county of his nativity on April i6, 1868. 
He in his earlier life took an active and en- 
thusiastic part in the Pennsylvania State Mili- 
tia, serving as first lieutenant in that body. 
He married Catharine Snyder, of Cumberland 
county, and had a family of five boys and four 

Andrew Comery obtained a fair education 
in the public schools of Cumberland county 
and the Millersville State Normal school at 
Millersville, Pennsylvania. 

He was just merging into manhood when 
the bugle note of war was sounded, and he 
hastened to the defence of his country. He 
entered Company I, 9th regiment, Pennsylva- 
nia volunteer cavalry in July, 1861, in the 
army of the Southwest under Rosecrans and 
Sherman, respectively, and served to the close 
of the war. He was twice slightly wounded, 
and once at the battle of Cripple Creek was 
taken prisoner and held two days, aside from 
which he was never away from his command. 
This command, as is well-known, saw some 
very severe fighting. Such engagements as 
Chickamauga, Bentonville, Averysboro, Frank- 
lin and Murfreesboro deserved to be marked 
among the more important battles of that 
great civil contest. He came out of the war 
and repaired to the peaceful pursuits of a 
teacher and farmer until 1869. He taught 
during the winter months and farmed during 
the summer. 

In 1869, six years after Mahanoy City was 
incorporated as a borough, Mr. Comery located 
in it and has made that his home ever since. 
He came to the place as a clerk in a flour and 

feed store, in which capacity he served two 
and a half years. Perceiving that the rapidly 
growing town of his adoption offej'ed a good 
field for a real estate and insurance enterprise, 
he entered upon and successfully pursued 
these hnes of business until 1888. 

Mr. Comery has always been a republican 
of the most pronounced type, and has always 
taken an active part in every measure that had 
for its object the promotion of the public weal. 
Shortly after coming into the borough he was 
elected justice of the peace and served contin- 
uously until 1888, when he was the successful 
candidate of his party for the office of sheriff. 
This was a very flattering compliment to Mr. 
Comery's popularity throughout the county 
which is strongly democratic. He entered 
upon the duties of his office January i, 1889, 
and surrendered the office to his successor 
January i, 1892. Perhaps the executive affairs 
of the county coming directly under the su- 
pervision of the sheriff were never more effi- 
ciently or satisfactorily administered than they 
were under the administration of Andrew 
Comery. Since January i, 1893, he has been 
in the real estate, insurance and title business 
in connection with Mr. Smith. In 1889 he 
assisted in the organization of the Union Na- 
tional Bank of Mahanoy City. Of this bank 
he was made its first president, and has served 
in that capacity to the present time (1893). 

He is prominently identified with nearly 
all the business enterprises of his town. He 
was chiefly instrumental in organizing the 
Mahanoy Light, Heat and Power company, 
and served as its secretary and superintendent 
as well as secretary and superintendent of 
Mahanoy City Gas company. He is a direc- 
tor of the Schuylkill Real ,Estate, Title, Insur- 
ance and Trust company of Pottsville. In 
fraternal matters he is a member of General 



Grant Lodge, I. O. O. F., of Mahanoy City 
Severn Post, No. i lo, G. A. R., of Mahanoy 
City, and is commander of Company E, 8th 
regiment, National Guards of Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Comery was united in marriage with 
Sarah Latham, and to this union have been 
born six children : Ella, Edwin, Phoebe, Ethel, 
William and Harold, 

^EOBGE W. JOHNSON, of Lost Creek, 
^^ Schuylkill county, was born in Potts- 
ville, Pennsylvania, August 27, 1843, a son 
of Colonel Thomas and Mary A. (Mason) 

Colonel Thomas Johnson, his father, was 
born in Wilmington, Delaware, on February 
22, 1814, and was brought up in the city of 
Philadelphia by his aunt, his parents having 
died when he was very young. After a brief 
experience in the schools, he learned the trade 
of shoemaker, and assiduously applied him- 
self to his trade for a number of years. In 
1832, he removed to Pottsville, Pennsylvania, 
where he lived until 1866, on September 5, of 
which year he died. Prior to the Civil war, 

he was colonel of the regiment of the 

National Guard of Pennsylvania, consisting of 
thirteen companies. Upon the outbreak of 
hostilities, he gave up his command, and en- 1 
listed in F"irst Defenders, first five companies 
of Pennsylvania volunteer infantry, and served 
for a period of three months, most of which 
time he was located at Fort Washington. ; 
I'pon the expiration of this term of service, he ; 
returned home and entered company R, 48th 
rii^nmcnt Pennsylvania infantry, as second ser- 
geant, for a period of three years. After 
being out in the service for some time, he was 
commissioned as first lieutenant (1863) and 
was discharged in 1864 in front of Petersburg i 

on account of disability, but still assisted in 
carrying ammunition for the soldiers at New- 
bern, North Carolina, He was wounded in 
the second battle of Bull Run, and during 
this campaign participated in many other 
engagements. When General Burnside con- 
ducted the campaign in Eastern Tennessee, he 
was among the unfortunates who were shut 
up for twenty-one days in Knoxville, until 
the reliefof General Thomas freed them from 
the Confederate siege. After this, his corps 
followed General Longstreet to Greenville, 
Tennessee, and then returned to Blaine's cross 
roads in East Tennessee. After a furlough of 
thirty days here, he re-enlisted for a period ol 
three years longer. During his period of ser- 
vice, he participated in the battles of Bull 
Run, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, 
and all the intervening engagements to the 
fall of Petersburg. After the close of his 
military service he returned to Schuylkill 
county. His marriage resulted in the birth 
of nine children, four sons and five daugh- 

George W. Johnson was united in marriage 
with Mary Galligen, of Pottsville, Pennsyl- 
vania, on September 6, 1 871, who has born 
him a family of two children : William V. and 
Catherine M. He received his education in 
the public schools of Pottsville, and remained 
a resident of that place until the year 1875, 
when he removed to Lost Creek, where he 
has since resided. Up to 1890, he had been 
engaged in various pursuits, and in that year 
he opened an oyster saloon, and in connection 
with this, conducts a store. During the Civil 
war, Mr. Johnson enlisted on August 22, 
1 861, at Pottsville, Pennsylvania, in company 
B, 48th regiment Pennsylvania volunteer in- 
fantry, and served until July 25, i<S'')5. lie 
enlisted as a drummer boy, and with the ex- 



ception of eight months in the hospital, saw 
active service during the entire period. 

He is republican in politics, and takes an 
active interest in all questions of local and 
national importance. In 1889, he was ap- 
pointed postmaster at Lost Creek, and served 
until May 13, 1893. Prior to that time, in 
1887, he had been elected justice of the peace 
for a term of five years, but upon his appoint- 
ment as postmaster in 1889, he resigned. 

Fraternally, he is a member of Washing- 
ton Camp, No. 235, Patriotic Order Sons of 
America, of which he was one of the orga- 
nizers in 1883, the first president, and for a 
number of years, secretary. He is also a 
member of Shenandoah Castle, No. 74, Knights 
of the Golden Eagle, of which he was one of 
the organizers, and member of the Watkin 
Waters Post, No. 146, G. A. R., at Shenan- 
doah, Pennsylvania. 

popular and learned pastor of St. Paul's 
Reformed church, of Mahanoy City, Pennsyl- 
vania, was born in Long Swamp township, 
Berks county, Pennsylvania, February i, 1844. 
Mr. Keyser received a thorough literary and 
theological training in Heidelberg University, 
at Tiffin, Ohio, graduating from the theologi- 
cal department of that institution in the class 
of 1869. On April i., 1870, he came to Ma- 
hanoy City and took his present charge. The 
congregation was first organized as a mission 
in 1864, and continued as such until Mr. Key- 
ser took charge, when it was made a regular 
self-sustaining church. This church is a two- 
story, substantial building, was built in 1864, 
and is forty feet wide by ninety-two feet long. 
It is in a flourishing condition, and the congre- 
gation now consists of not less than eight 
hundred members. 

Mr. Keyser takes a nominally active part in 
fraternal matters. He belongs to Washington 
Camp, No. 167, Patriotic Order Sons of 
America; Mahanoy City Lodge, No. 617, In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows ; Royal Ar- 
canum, and an insurance organization known 
as " The Good Fellows." 

Mr. Keyser has been twice married ; his first 
union was with Miss Isabelle Newcomet. One 
child, Ida M., was the issue of this union. His 
second marriage was with Hannah Rhoads. 

Rev. Mr. Keyser is deservedly popular with 
the congregation with whom and for whom he 
has so long and zealously labored, and well 
deserves the high esteem and regard in which 
he is held by his parishioners and all who know 

JOHN WEBB is a son of James and Pris- 
cilia (Davis) Webb, and was born in 
Pembrokeshire, South Wales, November 24, 
1826. He was educated in the schools of his 
native country, and emigrated to the United 
States in 1863. Here he first settled in Dau- 
phin county, Pennsylvania, but, a short time 
later, removed to Mahanoy City, Schuylkill 
county, where he engaged in mining. This 
had been his occupation prior to his emigra- 
tion to the United States, and continued such 
for about eleven years subsequent., At this 
time, when about thirty-six years of age, he 
became superintendent of the collieries at 
Mahanoy City, owned by Fisher Hazzard, of 
Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania. In this capacity 
he remained for eight years, while in the mean- 
time he had purchased a farm near Gerhart's 
Station, Carbon county. After he had resigned 
his position as superintendent, he purchased 
real estate in Mahanoy City, which became a 
source of profitable speculation. He continued 
in the real estate business for a number of 



years, and during the past eleven years has ' 
not been in active business pursuits. He is a 
republican politically, and as such was elected 
school director of his borough, but on account 
of ill health went to Europe at this time, together 
with his wife, and was forced to resign. Some- 
what later, he was elected to the office of bur- 
gess of Mahanoy City, having previously filled 
out an unexpired term. He has been elected 
to the same position twice since. 

Mr. Webb is a member of the English Bap- 
tist church, and also prominently connected 
with Mahanoy City Lodge, F. and A. M., and 
General Grant Lodge, No. 575, I.O.O F., of 
which he is Past Grand. He was united in 
marriage, May 10, 1856, to Margaret, a daugh- 
ter of Thomas Lewis, of Wales, and by this 
marriage has had one son, Richard R., who 
lives with his father. 

♦^R. WILLIAM E. GROVER, a leading 
dentist of Mahanoy city, is a son of Na- 
than and Eliza (Swank) Grover, and was bom 
March 8, 1856, in Columbia county, Pennsylva- 
nia. Michael Grover, grandfather, was a native 
of Columbia county, Pennsylvania, and lived 
there all his life, engaged in the pursuits of a 
farmer. Nathan Grover, father, was born in 
Columbia county, in 1831, where he resided 
until 1873, when he moved to Hazelton, Lu- 
zerne county, where he has since resided. His 
vocation has been that of a tobacconist. He 
married Eliza Swank, a native, also, of Colum- 
bia county, and had eight children, three boys 
and five girls. 

Dr. Grover received a good mental disci- 
pline in the common schools of his native 
county and the Hazelton high school. He has 
made his own way in life. When but a boy 
he entered upon a clerkship ; after a term of 

service in this capacity, his qualifications com- 
mended him to the notice of his employers, 
Cox Bros., and he was accordingly made su- 
perintendent of their large store at Gowen. 
Luzerne county. But he was always of a stu- 
dious turn of mind, and had that within him 
which was always longing for something 
higher. He, finally, resolved upon the study 
of dentistry. He graduated from the Pennsyl- 
vania Dental College of Philadelphia with the 
class of 1889. He had, however, taken a 
course and practiced two years at Rock Glen, 
Luzerne county, before graduating from the 
Pennsylvania Dental College. After his grad- 
uation, he located for a .short time in Hazelton, 
but in 1 890 located in Mahanoy city, where by 
close application to the duties of his profession 
he has built up a good practice and possesses 
in a marked degree the respect and confidence 
of an appreciative clientele. 

The doctor has never had the inclination to 
take much part in political matters. He is a 
democrat, and has served one term as school di- 
rector while a resident of Rock Glen, Luzerne 
county. He is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, Mahanoy city, Council No. 
162 Royal Arcanum, General Grant Lodge 
No. 575 L O. O. F., and Patriotic Order Sons 
of America at Mahanoy city. 

Dr. Grover and Linda Snyder, daughter of 
Elias Snyder of Columbia county, were united 
in marriage on June i, 1878, and five children. 
Lulu, Bessie, Claude, Edith and Walter blessed 
this union. Dr. Grover is a man of good social 
and intellectual parts ; qualifications which, 
when combined with a persevering spirit and 
close application, are sure to crown their 
possessor with ultimate success. 



JOHN W. BEDFORD. Among the pro- 
minent and successful merchants of 
Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania, must be 
placed the man whose name heads this sketch 
— a resident business man of Lost Creek, Penn- 
sylvania. He is a son of Francis and Mary 
(Green) Bedford, and was born in Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania, February 13, 1836. His 
grandfather, Bedford, was a native of Wake- 
field, England, in which country he passed 
his life, and now lies buried under the mar- 
bled inscription : " Reqtdescat in pace." His 
father was born at the same place in the year 
1804, and emigrated to the United States in 
1829, locating first in Philadelphia. In 1838 
he removed to Pottsville, Pennsylvania, and 
afterward to Minersville, same county, where 

he died on , 1889. In the latter 

part of his life he followed the merchandising 
business, but in the earlier part of his career 
he was a musician, by profession, through 
which he acquired considerable reputation as 
a vocalist. His marriage resulted in the birth 
of eleven children, six sons and five daughters. 
John W. Bedford was united in marriage to 
Emaline D. Torrey, a daughter of William 
and Elizabeth Xorrey, of Brownsville, Fayette 
county, Pennsylvania, on October 20, 1857. 
There have been five children born to them 
who are still living : Alonzo F., J. Claude, 
and Theodore T. Alonzo F. is manager of 
the Bedford Shoe factory at Carlisle, Pennsyl- 
vania. J. Claude was educated at the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, in which 
he afterward took a post-graduate course. 
He is now a lawyer practicing in Philadel- 
phia. Theodore T. is assistant manager of 
the Bedford Shoe Factory at Carlisle. 

John W. Bedford received his more ad- 
vanced education at Kingston Seminary, Lu- 
zerne county, Pennsylvania, and after leaving 

school embarked in the mercantile business 
at Jeanesville, Carbon county, as assistant to 
his father, who at that time was manager for 
William Milnes & Co. He continued here 
for a period of five years, and in 1852 went to 
Minersville, Pennsylvania, as a clerk in the 
mercantile business, where he remained until 
the year 1858. From here he removed to 
Swatara, and thence to Centralia, and again 
in 1865, to Mahanoy City, where he engaged 
in the coal operating business. In the latter 
business he associated with him a partner in 
the person of Walter G. Cox, under the name 
of Bedford & Cox, and operated the Shoe- 
maker colliery for a period of five years. At 
the expiration of this time he went to Osage 
county, Missouri, and purchased a tract of 
timber land and engaged in the lumber busi- 
ness, manufacturing largely bridge timber and " 
railroad ties. He remained thus engaged 
until the year 1 874, when he closed out the 
business on account of the financial failure of 
Jay Cook & Co., of Philadelphia, by whom he * 
lost considerable money. During this year 
he removed to Lost Creek and became super- 
intendent for the Lost Creek Store Company^ 
for whom he conducted business about three 
years. In conjunction with J. C. Bright, of 
Pottsville, he now purchased the business 
and ran it under the firm name of J. C. Bright 
& Co., limited, of which Mr. Bedford remained 
superintendent. Mr. Bedford is also interested 
in stores at Blackwood and Lansford, and is 
vice-president of the Bedford Shoe factory 
company at Carlisle, from whom the firm 
takes its name. 

He is a man of large business experience 
and a thorough student "of human nature. 
This experience, business tact and many 
genial social qualities render him especially 
fitted for the management of large and varied 



interests. Mr. Bedford is also public spirited, 
wide awake to the interests of his town and 
community, and entirely unselfish in the pro- 
motion of everything tending to the public 
good and common weal. He is respected, 
and a man whose opinions carry weight and 


T|EVI J. WILKINSON, an enterprising 
■^ business man of Shenandoah, Pennsyl- 
vania, is a son of William T. and Mary A. 
(Clemmitt) Wilkinson, and was born in Dur- 
ham, England, February i8, 1864. 

His grandfather on the paternal side was 
also a native of England, County Durham, 
where he was reared and where he died. 

F"ather was born in County Durham, P2ng- 
land, in 1836. He was reared and educated 
" in his native country, and came to America in 
1 87 1 , locating in Mahanoy city, at which place 
he died in 1889. His avocation throughout 
life was that of a miner. He was a quiet, un- 
assuming man, who attended strictly to his 
own affairs, and whose highest ambition 
was to provide for the happiness and the 
comfort of his own family. He was a man 
of studious habits, retentive memory, and 
possessed a vast fund of information on cur- 
rent events and topics of the day. He was 
a consistent member of the Roman Catho- 
lic church. By his marriage to Mary A. 
(. leinmitt, daughter of John Clemmitt of Eng- 
land, he had a family of three children : 
Sarah I., who died at the age of two years; 
Alfred D., who was educated at St. Mary's 
College, Kmmettsburg, Maryland, received 
an appointment in the Philadelphia Post Office 
in 1.SS6, and in 1887 took a position in the 
Pension Department at Washington, District 
of Columbia. During the time he filled this 
position, he was diligently employing his time, 

and completed a course of study in the medi- 
cal department of the Georgetown University, 
from which he graduated in May, 1893. He 
is now located at Washington, D. C, where 
he is practicing. 

Levi J. Wilkinson entered upon a business 
career at a comparatively early age. His 
preparatory mental training was attained in tlie 
public schools of Mahanoy city, where when 

years of age, he took a position in 

a dry-goods store until 1886. He was quick 
to observe and faithful in the performance of 
every dut>- entrusted to his care, and at this 
date considered himself competent, although 
but twenty-two )ears of age, to manage a 
business on his own account. In 1886, he 
located in Shenandoah and opened up a dry- 
goods store, and has been eminently success- 
ful. His store is jociteil at No. J(j South 
Main Street, and is sixty-five feet long by fifteen 
feet wide, two stories high, and well filled with 
everything found in a first-class dry-goods 
establishment. He does not confine him.self 
exclusively to his mercantile pursuits, but his 
hand is to be seen in many of the substantial 
business enterprises of a public character of 
his town He was one of the organizers of 
the Merchants' bank, and has been a director 
since its organization, also a director of the 
Shenandoah Heat and Power company, the 
Shenandoah Electric Illuminating company, 
and the Shenandoah Gas company. 

He is a democrat politically, and a member 
of the Roman Catholic church of the Annun- 

Mr. Wilkinson is a young man of more than 
ordinary business ability, as his record clearly 
shows. It stands as a striking example (A 
what oneness of purpose combined with hon- 
est motives and an enterprising spirit will 
accomplish for a man. 



■j^ANIEL J. liANGTOSr, M. D. Among 
the most successful and talented phy- 
sicians of Shenandoah, Pennsylvania, must be 
placed the name of Dr. Daniel J. Langton. 
He is a son of Peter and Mary (Harrison) 
Langton, and was born in Palo Alto, Schuyl- 
kill county, Pennsylvania, September 12, 1857. 
His people were of Irish descent, his grand- 
father, Patrick Langton, having been born in 
County Kilkenny, Ireland, about the year 
1809, and emigrated to the United States in 
about 1830. 

His first place of location was at Potts- 
ville, Pennsylvania, where he resided for a 
number of years. He then removed to Port 
Carbon, same county, where he conducted 
a hotel, and thence to Ashland, where he 
died in January, 1879, at the age of seventy 
years. During his residence at Ashland, he 
was connected with the collieries as a mine 
boss. He married a Miss Tracy, and reared 
a family of nine children, four sons and five 

The father of Daniel J. was a native of 
Pottsville, Schuylkill county, and was born on 
February "14, 1832, and died at Ashland, in 
February, 1879. He received a very fair edu- 
cation at the select school in Palo Alto, and 
began his career in life by teaching in the 
schools of Ashland. He subsequently en- 
gaged in the mercantile business, and at the 
time of his death was conducting a large 
clothing business in Ashland. About the 
same time that he was engaged in merchan- 
dising, and during the prosperous times of 
transportation on the Schuylkill canal, he 
purchased and ran a boat for commercial 
purposes, from which he realized consider- 

He was a member of the Roman Catholic 
church, to which he gave a liberal support, 

and one of its zealous workers. His family, 
included one son and five daughters. 

Dr. Langton was united in marriage to Isabel 
Scanlan, a daughter of ex-Sheriff Scanlan, on 
October 23, 1883, by whom he has three 
children: Isabella, born November, 1884; 
Daniel, born December, 1887; Edward, born 
February, 1889. 

Dr. Langton was educated in the Ashland 
public schools and high school, from the latter 
of which he was graduated in June, 1874. 
Upon the completion of his course, he read 
medicine with Dr. William Owens, of Ash- 
land, then entered Jefferson Medical college 
in Philadelphia, and was graduated in March, 

He first opened an office at Ashland, 
Schuylkill county, began a very auspicious 
professional career, and in the fall of that year' 
was elected coroner of the county for one 
term of three years. In September, 1881, 
while still holding that office, he removed to 
Shenandoah, same county, where he has con- 
tinued in successful practice. He is a member 
of the county. State and American medical 
societies, and trustee of the Miners' Hospital 
located at Ashland. Although a general prac- 
titioner, he makes the nose, throat, eye and 
ear his specialties, to the abnormalities and 
derangements of which, he brings a thorough 
knowledge and skillful treatment. He is a 
democrat in politics, in which he is quite an 
enthusiast, and religiously, a member of the 
Roman Catholic church. 

Dr. Langton is one of the best and most 
favorably-known citizens in the city of Shenan- 
doah. He is public spirited, energetic and 
enterprising, and never hesitates to lend a 
hand for the good of society and the promo- 
tion of the public good. He is not only 
interested in the healthfulness and sanitation 



of his city, but also sees the need of material 
and mental and moral growth in equal degree. 
He is held in uniform respect and esteem by 
his fellow-townsmen. 

TAMES W. RYAN, district attorney of 
^^ Schuylkill county, is a son of James and 
Sarah (Houiahan) Ryan, and was born Octo- 
ber 16, 1858, in Norwegian township, Schuyl- 
kill county, Pennsylvania. 

His grandfather was Patrick Ryan, a native 
of Queen's county, Ireland, in which county 
he passed his life. The father of James W. 
was also born in Queen's county, in the year 
1827, and emigrated to America in 1848, upon 
attaining his majority. His place of location 
was Pottsville, where he began the struggle of 
life in Westwood mines. Shortly afterward he 
married, and was promoted to foreman of the 
Esherman colliery, at Mahanoy City, this 
county. Later, he gave up mining and became 
a contractor, building what is known as the 
East Union township State road, in conjunc- 
tion with several others. In 1874, he pur- 
chased a farm in Butler township, Schuylkill 
county, where he now resides. He is a demo- 
crat in politics, and has served as supervisor 
of Mahanoy township. In religious faith, he 
is a Catholic, in which church he takes quite 
an active interest. His marriage resulted in a 
family of fourteen children, seven sons and 
seven daughters. 

At the early age of nine years, the son, 
James W., was introduced to the stern reali- 
ties of life in the capacity of a slate-picker. 
He subsequently passed through a varied ex- 
perience in the mines, until, at the age of six- 
teen, he entered school. His evenings and 
mornings were spent in labor upon his father's 
farm, and his vacations engrossed in the same 
manner, making his intellectual struggle one 

of difficulty and severe task. But persever- 
ance and a oneness of purpose led him out of 
the toils into a clearer path. His inherent 
ability triumphed, and in a short time the 
taught became the teacher. He continued 
teaching for some four or five years, and then 
entered upon the study of law in the office of 
the Hon. James B. Reilly, where he remained 
until September, 1S84, when he was admitted 
to the bar of Schuylkill county. An office 
was first opened in Shenandoah, and latterly 
in Pottsville, where he has since practiced. 
Besides teaching, he served as first deputy 
sheriff of the county for two years under B. 
J. Duffy, and later as deputy prothonotary. 
In 1892, Mr. Ryan entered the political field 
as a candidate for district attorney, was suc- 
cessful, and consequently entered upon his 
duties January 1, 1893. 

As a lawyer, as a public official, and as a 
man, Mr. Ryan possesses many encouraging 
characteristics. He has felt the tide of advers- 
ity, knows the heat of conflict, and appreciates 
the value of energy, self-reliance, and integ- 
rity. He is a close student of the law, a forci- 
ble speaker, cogent and discriminating in ar- 
gument, and, above all, shows that he possesses 
convictions that must outweigh the false glare 
of sophistry, or the subterfuges of mere sel- 
fishness. His dignity of character, his legal 
versatility, his affability, bespeak for him a de- 
served success. 

Mr. Ryan, on November 15, 1886, was 
united in marriage with Anna L., daughter of 
John and Rose O'Hara, of Philadelphia. 

leading business man of Shenandoah, 
Pennsylvania, is a son of Gilbert H. and Rachel 
(Mach) Fowler, and was born at Fowlersville, 
Columbia county, Pennsylvania, July 25, 1826. 



His grandfather, Benjamin Fowler, was a 
North Englander by birth, and came to the 
United States in 1 790, locating on the Hudson 
near Sing Sing, New York. On his journey- 
to this country he was accompanied by his 
two brothers, who took up residence in New 
York city. Later in life he journeyed west 
to Columbia county, Pennsylvania, of which 
county he was one of the earliest settlers. 
His experiences here were those consequent 
upon the life of a pioneer, and embraced many 
dangers and hardships. He had enlisted in 
the war of the Revolution prior to his re- 
moval to Pennsylvania, and was married 
after Independance was declared. By occu- 
pation he was a blacksmith, and in church 
affiliation a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. He was wedded in Reading, Pa., to 
a Miss Fowler of that place (a lady of German 
descent), by whom he had a family of eight 
children, six sons ancitwo daughters. 

Father of M. P. Fowler was a native of 
Fowlersville, Columbia county, Pennsylvania, 
born June 8, 1800, and died November 24, 
1874, in Elizabeth city, North Carolina, while 
visiting his son, who at the time was a resi- 
dent of that State. He pursued farming up 
to the year 1835, when he embarked in the 
mercantile business at Fowlersville, married, 
and continued up to the year 1870, when he 
disposed of his store to his sons, Zechariah T. 
and Samuel S. At this time he retired to 
private life and sustained nothing more than a 
nominal connection with the active business 
world. He was a man of strong religious zeal 
and deep devotion, and took a prominent part 
in the work of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
of which he was a member. To the erection 
and material support of the church he also 
gave with a liberal hand, donating the site for 
its erection. In politics he was a supporter of 

the Whig party, and upon the organization of 
the Republican party transferred his allegiance 
to that party. In military affairs he also took 
considerable pride, having organized the first 
military company in Columbia county, of 
which he was a commander for a number of 
years. His first wife (mother of subject) was 

born in Berwick, Columbia county, on 

, 1800, and died May 9, 1840. She 

bore twelve children, eight sons and four 
daughters. His second wife was Catharine 
Smith, by whom he had three sons and one 

M. P. Fowler was brought up on his father's 
farm and received his education in the com- 
' mon schools of hjs section of the county. In 
boyhood he was accustomed to farm work 
and later as an assistant in his father's store, 
in which capacity he continued until he 
reached his majority. At the termination of this 
period he entered the employ of Milins, White 
& Co., of Beaver Meadow, Carbon county, as 
a clerk, remaining until the close of the year 
1848, when he took charge of a store for 
Hamburg & Co., successors to former named 
company, in whose employ he remained until 
1850. He then went to Coal Rain in the 
service of George Rich, and in the year 1852 
formed a partnership with William H. Wilson, 
and purchased the freight line from Tamaqua 
to Port Clinton, which was conducted success- 
fully for nearly twelve years, when the owners 
sold to the Reading railroad company in 1863. 
During that period Mr. Fowler was the freight 
agent for the Catawissa railroad company, 
north of Tamaqua, and from 1852 to 1863, 
express agents for Howard & Co., handing 
over ^18,000,000. Mr. Fowler entered the 
drug business in Tamaqua from 1858 to 1865, 
and was made postmaster of that city from 
April 17, 1 86 1, to A^ril'i, 1865, when he re- 



signed. While in Tamaqua he was a member 
of the council and school board for a term of 
ten years, and took a deep interest in the 
schools. In March, 1864, he made a new 
departure, and with Harry Huhn directed his 
attention to the coal business, operating at 
FcJwler's Patch under the firm name of the 
Knickerbocker Coal company. This plant 
was disposed of to O. W. Davis in 1865, and 
in 1866 was formed into a stock company, in 
which I'owler and Huhn owned a controlling 
interest. It was officered with Mr. Fowler as 
president and manager, and Mr. Huhn as sec- 
retary and treasurer. Under this management 
the business was conducted until 1873, when 
they sold to the Philadelphia and Reading Coal 
and Iron company. Simultaneously with these 
other cntcr|)riscs, Mr. Prowler in 1867, went into 
the iron industry with the firm of Hancock, 
Crciling & Co., at Danville, Pennsylvania, and 
maintained his relations with that firm until 
about 1870, wiien that company was merged 
into the National Imn company, and on Janu- 
ary 23, 1873, this company failed. At this 
time he negotiated a lease of the two furnaces 
for five years, kept them In operation for 
nearly two years, and at the close of that time, 
closed up his business, and connected himself 
with the Tamaqua Boot and Shoe factory. In 
1875 he offered himself as a candidate for 
I'rothonotiiry for Schuylkill county on the 
the republican ticket, but was defeated by a 
majority of two hundred and twenty-three 
votes, in a county of almost two thousand 
dcmocr.itic majority. The next year he was 
.1 candidate for legislative honors in the third 
district of his county, and the returns were 
brought in in favor of William C. Fetthoff. He 
iniitcsttil the election, however, in 1877, be- 
fore the courts, and his opponent was sustained 
by that tribunal. An appeal was then made 

from the decision and the matter brought be- 
fore the State committee on elections, which 
body declared him elected, and it was so rati- 
fied by the House of Representatives. Mr. 
Fowler took his seat twenty-four days before 
the expiration of his term and received full 
pay for the entire term. In 1877 he removed 
to Shenandoah, same county, and engaged in 
the flour, grain and lumber business, in which 
he has a large trade, both retail and wholesale. 
Aside from this he is a director of the First 
National bank of Shenandoah and of the Citi- 
zens' F.lectric Light Company. Kratcmaliy, he 
is a member of the Tamaqua Lodge, No. 238, 
1' . and A. M., of the Tamaqua Chapter No 177, 
R. A. .M., and of Ivanhoe Commandery, No. 
31, Knights Templar and Scottish Right 
Masons, 14th degree. In 1863, he was lieu- 
tenant of company E., 27th regiment emer- 
gency corps, «ind is now a member of Double- 
day Post, No 187, G. A. R., at Tamaqua. 

Mr. Fowler married December 31, 184^, 
Margaret C, a daughter of William H. and 
Susan E. Wilson, of Beaver Meadow, Carbon 
county, Pennsylvania. To them five children 
have been born : Susan E., educated at Rich- 
ards College, Canandaigua, N. \., and Buck- 
nell University, at Lewisburg, Pa., and is now 
bookkeeper for her father; Sarah E., a gradu- 
ate of Bucknell University, and wife of Joseph 
H. Pomeroy, an attorney of Shenandoah ; 
Mary E., graduate of Bucknell University, 
married to P'rancis J. Boyer, of Galesburg, 
III. ; Rachel B. (educated in Bucknell Univer- 
sity, and for a number of years a well-known 
and popular teacher in Kindergarten schools 
in Philadelphia, Shenandoah and Helena), wife 
of C. W. Helmick, of Helena, .Men.; Maggie 
E. (educated in the private .school of Rev. 
Benj. Meeker, of Tamaqua), wife of .Morgan 
E. Gable, manager of the /'u/s/mi .; Times. 



His wife was born February i8, 1829, and died 
November i, 1875. He again married Maggie 
J. Weir, a daughter of Duncan and Elizabeth 
Weir, of near Pottsvilie, but formerly a native 
of Scotland. 

Mr. Fowler is a man of varied business ex- 
perience, ability and a highly respected citi- 
zen. He is popular, deserving, and by his 
agreeable and affable manner has attracted to 
him many persons of deep friendship. His 
many qualities of mind and heart have gained 
for him a general esteem. 

jA ICHOLAS HEBLICH, a well-known and 
A successful lawyer of Pottsvilie, is a son 
of Philip and Margaret (Kramer) Heblich, and 
was born in the kingdom of Bavaria, Germany, 
March 9, 1849. 

Philip Heblich, father of Nicholas, was born 
in the kingdom of Bavaria, November 3, 1810. 
There he was reared and educated and lived 
until he came to Schuylkill county in 1852, 
settling at Bushy Tract, but later removed to 
Middleport, where he died. May 5, 1890. 

Before emigrating to this country, and while 
yet a young man, he had learned the trade of 
a distiller, at which trade he worked up to the 
time of coming to Schuylkill county, when he 
took up the pursuits of a miner, following this 
avocation during the remainder of his active 

His union with Margaret Kramer was blessed 
with five children : Susanna, widow of William 
Herman ; Philip, a resident of Middleport, 
this county, and an engineer by vocation ; and 
Nicholas; two having died in infancy. 

Nicholas Heblich obtained a fair education 
in the Middleport public schools, this county, 
and still further pursued his studies in the 
Millersville State Normal school, at Millers- 
ville, Pennsylvania. 

Having a natural aptitude and liking for the 
legal profession, he resolved to enter upon the 
study of its principles ; accordingly, he entered, 
as a student, the ofifice of the Hon. O. P. Bech- 
tel, the present well-known and popular judge 
of Schuylkill county. On June 2, 1873, Mr. 
Heblich was admitted to the bar of SchuyHtill 
county, and has practiced successfully to the 
present time, numbering among his clientele 
some of the most prominent and intelligent 
men of the county. 

Mr. Heblich was united in marriage, Feb- 
ruary 18, 1886, to Rosa Reiger, a daughter of 
Gottleib and Christiana (Vogt) Reiger. This 
union has been blessed with the following 
children: Marguerite, born January 17, 1877; 
and Oliver, born December 17, 1889. 

Mr. Heblich evinces a normal interest in 
secret and benevolent associations, and is a 
member of Middleport Lodge, No. 474, Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, and of Middle- 
port Lodge, No. , Knights of Pythias. 

PRAJfCIS W. BOYER, M. T>. Among 
the leaders of the medical profession of 
Schuylkill county, but more especially of 
Pottsvilie, must be placed Francis W. Boyer, 
whose name heads this sketch. His parents 
were William E. and Hannah E. (Schwalm) 
Boyer. He was born in Pottsvilie, Schuylkill 
county, Pennsylvania, on February 18, 1848. 
His grandparents on both sides were natives 
of Berks county, Pennsylvania. WiUiam 
Boyer, his paternal grandfather, removed 
from there in 18 10, to Orwigsburg, Schuylkill 
county, where he died in 1878, aged eighty- 
one years. He was an old line whig, took 
an active part in the early politics of Schuyl- 
kill county, and was elected one of its first 
sheriffs. The greater part of his active life 
was devoted to public service as a county or 



village official. He married Maria Henrietta 
Frederica Stull, by whom he had eight chil- 
dren, six sons and two daughters. 

Dr. Beyer's father was born in Orwigsburg, 
Schuylkill county, October 29, 1823. He 
lived in that vicinity for a period of twenty 
years, when he removed to Pottsville, and is 
still residing in that place. His present occu- 
pation is that of a tobacco merchant, to which 
business he has devoted the greater part of 
his life. He is a republican and served for 
twenty-four years as school director and three 
years as member of the council. Religiously 
he takes a more than ordinary interest in the 
Evangelical church of Pottsville, in which he 
is regarded as one of the leading and promi- 
nent members. For thirty years he was a 
class leader and president of the board of trus- 
tees, besides filling many stations of lesser 
importance. His family included three chil- 
dren, two sons and one daughter : Francis W., 
subject ; Laura H., wife of James A. Medlar, 
and Edmund S., a graduate of Lafayette col- 
lege, and at present a practicing lawyer at 
Somersworth, New Hampshire. 

Dr. Boyer was joined in marriage u itli Car- 
oline G. Hammeken, daughter of Gouverneur 
N. Hammeken, of Pottsville, Pennsylvania, 
January 7, 1874. To them have been born 
seven children : Anna A., Marion G., Gover- 
neur H., Laura F., Judith M. C, Caroline G., 
and Francis 1"".. 

Dr. Ho\cr was educated in the Pottsville 
high school, and after his graduation there 
began reading medicine under the preceptor- 
ship of Dr. C. H. Haeseler, of Pottsville. He 
entered the medical department of the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania, and was graduated there- 
from in 1868, and one year later from Hahne- 
mann college, Philadelphia. During this year 

he was a resident in the Maryland Eye and 

Ear Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland. He 
opened an office in Pottsville and began the 
practice of medicine, which has been attended 
with laudable success down to the present 
time. He has had an extensive and varied 
experience through his own practice, and also 
the benefit of the best clinical observation af- 
forded by our large cities. This, together 
with assiduous and close study, has made his 
advice particularly significant. He is a mem- 
ber of the American Institute of Homoepathy, 
the Pennsylvania State Homcepathic Medical 
society, and also of the Homcepathic Medical 
society of Schuylkill county. 

Dr. Boyer is a republican in politics in 
which he takes a nominal interest ; is vice- 
president of the Schuylkill Real Estate, Title, 
Insurance and Trust Company, and president 
of the board of trustees of the Evangelical 
church of which he is an active and consistent 
member. \ 

HON. CHARLKS F. KING, ex-state sen- 
ator of the twenty-ninth district and 
well-known citizen of Mahanoy city, is a son 
of James A. and Rachel (Geddes) King, and 
was born October 4, 1841, in Wilmington, 
Delaware. His grandfather, Charles King, 
emigrated to Delaware from Germany, and 
died in Wilmington. He followed the sea for 
a livelihood and remained rugged in health 
until the time of his death. His marriage to 
Mary Fox bore a fruitage of twelve children 
of which the father of Charles F. was one. 
He was born in Wilmington about the year 
18 17, continued to reside there until 1842, 
when he removed to Philadelphia and remained 
until 184S. At this time he came to .Mincrs- 
ville, Schuylkill county, where he spent most 
of his remaining years. He died in Girard- 
ville, same county, in the year 1867 By oc- 



cupation he was a carpenter, but afterwards 
relinquished that calling and took charge of 
several collieries at different periods as super- 
intendent. He espoused the tenets of the 
Whig party during its existence, and later at- 
tached himself to the Democratic party. 

Grandfather King served in the war of i8i2, 
and during the Mexican war was in command 
of a vessel of the United States navy. 

James A. King married a daughter of John 
Geddes of Bucks county, Pa., who bore him 
seven children, four boys and three girls. 

Charles F., whose name heads this sketch, 
was educated in the common schools until he 
reached the age of ten years, when he became 
an errand boy, and subsequently clerk, in a 
general store. He remained in this position 
for a period of six years and afterwards con- 
nected himself with a colliery, as assistant to 
his father, for three years. When the civil 
war began he was anxious to try the fortunes 
of war, and in 1861 enlisted in Co. C, 1st regi- 
ment, Delaware volunteer infantry, as a private, 
and served with this regiment about twenty-two 
months. At the end of this time he was dis- 
charged from his regiment on account of sick- 
ness, but afterwards joined company K, 137th 
regiment volunteer infantry, and served ten 
month^ this being a nine months regiment. 
Part of this time he was member of a detach- 
ment from the regiment to do duty in the ord- 
nance department. His service was entirely 
confined to the Army of the Potomac. 

After returning to civic life he was employed 
as station agent of the Philadelphia and Read- 
ing Railroad at Mahanoy City, which position 
he held for two years. He now changed his 
occupation to that of rajlroad contractor, and 
has continued in that business up to the pres- 
ent time, rsCnking as one of the oldest in con- 
tinuous service now living. 

In politics Mr. King is a strong democrat, 
and was elected by that party as a representa- 
tive in the state legislature in 1 871 for a period 
of six successive years. In 1882 he was hon- 
ored by the same party in being elected to the 
state senate from the Twenty- Ninth senatorial 
district. Upon the expiration of his term he 
was re-elected and served an additional three 
years. He has also been elected from time to 
time as a delegate to state conventions, and at 
both times of President Cleveland's nomina- 
tion was one of the delegates to the national 

Mr. King is one of the trustees of the Miners' 
Hospital at Ashland and was one of the organi- 
zers of the Union National Bank of Mahanoy 
city, of which he is a present director. He has 
been twice married : first, to Cecelia Moody, 
daughter of F. R. Moody of Pottsville, and 
the second time, in 1873, to Sarah C. King, a 

daughter of Charles S. King, of . He 

is the father of five children, two of whom are 
dead. Those still living are M. Annetta, 
Edmund and Charles Bayard. 

Mr. King is an adherent of the Catholic 
church and one of its strongest supporters. 
Both in public and private life he has borne 
himself without reproach and commands the 
respect of his fellow-townsmen, without regard 
to party or sect. ' 

Q LBEBT W. SEIiTZER, of the well-known 
firm of A. W. Seltzer & Bro., is a son 
of Conrad and Dorothea E. (Roehrig) Seltzer, 
and was born in Pottsville, Schuylkill county, 
Pennsylvania, July 7, 1843. He was of direct 
German descent, his father having been born 
in Marburg, Hesse Castle, Germany, Sep- 
tember 17, 1817. The ancestors of the father 
were by occupation nearly all butchers, and 
it was but natural that the son should adopt 


that business. He came to the United States 
in 1832, and located in Fishback, a suburb of 
Pottsville, where he followed his hereditary 
occupation until about the year of 1870, when 
he began dealing in live stock. This he con- 
tinued up to 1889, at which time he retired 
from active business. He was a careful, saga- 
cious, prudent business man, and in both 
branches of his enterprises met with very com- 
mendable financial success. Politically, he 
affiliated with the Democratic party, in which 
he always took an active and aggressive 
interest. In 1864 his party honored him by 
election to the office of County Treasurer, in 
which capacity he served until 1866. He was 
also a man of strong religious feeling, a mem- 
ber of the German Lutheran Church, and for 
a number of years held the positions of elder 
and trustee. His marital union resulted in a 
family of twelve children, eleven of whom are 
still living ; seven sons and four daughters. 
He died September 2, 1 890, in Pottsville. 

Albert W. was joined in marriage with 
Emma R., .1 daughter of Jacob Kohber, one 
of the pioneers of Pottsville, February 22, 
1866. They are the parents of five children : 
Dorothea E., married William C. Knight, son 
of the proprietor of the Pennsylvania Hall 
Hotel and book-keeper at the Tilt Silk Mill ; 
Charles A., at home, in the employ of the 
firm as book-keeper; Mary, Alice A., and 
Ammie. Mr. Seltzer received his education in 
the Pottsville public schools, and after having 
some business experience and serving a nine 
months' term in the civil war, he further pre- 
pared himself for a business career by enter- 
ing Eastman Business College, at Pough- 
keepsie, N. Y , from which he was graduated 
in July, 1864. fli.H first venture on his own 
account was the live-stock business, which he 
began in 1866 and successfully continued 

until 1887. During this year he and his 
brother, William H., engaged in the pork- 
packing business, for which purpose they 
erected a plant on Water and Temple streets. 
The main building is 2CX3 x 200 feet, with a 
wing 175 X 175 feet, and three stories high. 
They employ thirty-five men in the establish- 
ment,- and slaughter annually fifty-five thous- 
and head of hogs, fifteen hundred head of 
cattle and six hundred calves, approximately, 
besides a large number of sheep and lambs. 
The business has grown step by step in im- 
portance and stability in attestation of the 
enterprise and energy of the firm. 

Mr. Seltzer enlisted at Harrisburg, August, 
1862, in Company A., 129th regiment Pennsyl- 
vania Volynteer Infantry, for nine months, 
and received an honorable discharge from 
service May 26, 1862. During this time he 
took part in all the engagements of the army 
of the Potomac, receiving two flesh wounds. 
He is a member of the Pulaski Lodge, Nu. 
216, F and A. M., and the German Lutheran 
Church, in which latter he has been elder for 
about nineteen years, and deacon for five years. 
Mr. Seltzer is a democrat, politically, though 
better defined as an independent. He was a 
member of the city council for thirteen con- 
secutive years, a member of the school board 
five years, and takes a decided interest in all 
matters which require a wise public spirit and 
loyal patronage. 

A^EOBGE J. WADLINGER, a talented 
^^ and popular lawyer of Pottsville, Penn- 
sylvania, is a son of Francis and Anna .M. 
(Shaub) Wadlinger, and was bom in Miners- 
ville, Schuylkill couoty, Pennsylvania, July 
10, 1857. 

His grandfather, George J. Wadlirij/cr, w,i^ 
a native of the kingdom of Havana, (jcrmany. 



where he lived atid died. His son, the. father 
of George J., was also born in Germany, 
in the year 1836, and died in Mahanoy 
City, Schuylkill county, in 1879. He came 
to Minersville, Pennsylvania, in the year 
1854, and remained there until 1865, when he 
went to Mahanoy City, where he engaged in 
the mercantile business. In connection with 
this, a short time before his death, he was 
superintendent of collieries, and with his 
brother, John Wadlinger, was interested in 
Phoenix Park colliery under the firm name of 
F. Wadlinger & Co. He was also superin- 
tendent of the Diamond colliery at Forestville 
and Anchor colliery at Heckscherville ; while 
acting in this capacity, he received the injuries 
that subsequently caused his death. In politics, 
he was a very active democrat, but never as- 
pired to office. By his marriage the following 
named children were born that lived to ma- 
turity : Frank, a resident of Mahanoy City ; 
John A., residing at same place ; Jacob, living 
in Pottsville, clerk to the county com- 
missioners ; Michael M., Mahanoy City ; and 
George J. 

Mr. Wadlinger was united in marriage on 
August 29, 1882, with Margaret D. Jones, a 
daughter of David W. Jones, a native of 
Wales, but recently a resident of Luzerne 
county, Pennsylvania. To them have been 
born five children : Mary Louise, born June 
5, 1883, and died at the age of eighteen 
months ; Charles V. and George W., twins, 
born December 5, 1885 ; Francis Raymond, 
born September 12, 1890; Herman David, 
born May 14, 1893. 

He was educated in the public schools of" 
Mahanoy City, and later entered St. Vincent 
College in Westmoreland county, Pennsyl- 
vania, from which he received the degree of 
master of accounts, June, 1873. He is now 

president of the alumni association of that 
college. After his graduation he engaged in 
the mercantile business in Mahanoy City, 
during which time he did considerable news- 
paper corresponding, and had aiso begun the 
preliminary study of law. He retired from 
mercantile business in 1879, and entered the 
office of Hon. Charles N. Brumm, where he 
continued his law studies until March 4, 18^1, 
the date of his admission to the bar of Schuyl- 
kill county. He then opened an office in 
Pottsville, and has been in active, successful 
practice ever since. 

Mr. Wadlinger is a strong supporter of the 
Democratic party, and has always been re- 
garded as one of its ablest and wisest coun- 
sellors. He has been frequently urged to 
present himself as a candidate for political 
honors, but has usually declined to seek po- 
litical preferment. However, he was elected 
a delegate to thd Democratic State convention 
in 1883, and presented the name of B. B. 
McCool for nomination to the office of State 
treasurer, and has also been a State delegate 
several times since. In 1891, also, he was 
nominated for the position of Additional Law 
Judge for the county of Schuylkill, in oppo- 
sition to Judge David B. Green, but was 

He is a stockholder, and one of the original 
organizers of the Union National Bank of 
Mahanoy City, a successful financial insti- 
tution. He is also president of the Americus 
Democratic club of Pottsville, secretary of the 
Schuylkill County Bar association ever since 
its organization in 1887, and a member of the 
committee for examination of students for 
admission to the bar, for six years. Aside 
from these, Mr. Wadlinger is a member of the 
staff of reporters for the District Reports — a 
series of legal records which, since 1891, have 


held a very important place in the law litera- 
ture of the State. In 1889, he published his 
well known treatise, the " Law of Costs in 
Pennsylvania," which has received a very 
candid endorsement from the bench and bar 
of the State, and in which he has exhibited 
his ability as a clear and cogent legal writer. 
He is thoroughly familiar with the routine of 
court procedure, is an earnest and profound 
student of the finer issues of legal jurispru- 
dence, and above all bears an unblemished 

HON. DECATUR E. NICE, an able mem- 
ber of the bar of Schuylkill county and 
ex-member of the State Legislature, is a son 
of William and Sarah (Eckert) Nice, and was 
born in Hamburg, Berks county, Pennsyl- 
vania, March 5, 18 19. 

His grandfather, John Nice, is a direct 
descendant of George Nice, who came from 
tlu- city of Nice in 1688. Nice was at that 
time under the French regime, and he was 
obliged to flee from it on account of the 
merciless persecution of the Huguenots by 
the government. Upon his arrival in the 
United States, he took up his abode at Ger- 
mantown, Pennsylvania, now a part of Phila- 
delphia, where he died. Upon his arrival he 
purchased a patent for nine hundred acres of 
land from the King of England, and also pur- 
chased nine hundred acres from William Penn 
in what is now Montgomery county, Penn- 
s\lv.inia. Upon his property in Montgomery 
county, which became the Nice homestead, ' 
grandfkthcr Nice was born about the year 
. I Ic was a large land owner, and be- 
sides the conduct of several farms, he operated 
a flouring mill, a fulling mill, a tannery and 
distillery, the output of which was transported , 

to Philadelphia. In addition to his many 
business enterprises, he was also a large 
money-lender, and at that time was accounted 
a man of opulence. When he was but four- 
teen years of age he took leave of his father, 
during the Revolutionary war, and made an 
expedition through the mountains to Cata- 
wissa Valley, where powder was manufactured 
at that time, and after having secured a supply 
took it to General Washington at Valley 
Forge. This incident gives a faint exhibition 
of the patriotism and feeling of loyalty that 
animated him at that time. His farms were 
worked by slaves at that period, and his whole 
conduct of affairs betokened energy, thrift and 
success. By his marriage, he had thirteen 
children living at the time of his death, each 
of whom received a legacy of 513,000 from 
the estate. 

The father of subject was also born on the 
old homestead in Montgomery county, but 
after reaching his majority, transferred his 
fortunes to Susquehanna county, from which 
county he came to Pottsville, Pennsylvania, in 
1835, where he died October 25, 1855. at the 
age of sixty-six years. He was originally a 
silversmith and watchmaker, and later a mer- 
chant. While a citizen of Pottsville, he con- 
ducted quite a successful business in the line 
of merchandising. He married. May 5, 18 18, 
and reared a family embracing four children : 
Decatur E. ; Barbara, married to Joseph F. 
Taj'lor ; Sarah E. ; John E., married to Martha 
Kergerslager. All now deceased with the ex- 
ception of the subject. 

Decatur E. married Susan Silliman, a daugh- 
ter of Thomas Silliman, of Pottsville, Penn- 
sylvania, February 14, 1844. They have two 
children : Sarah, wife of William Ramsay, of 
Pottsville, and Elizabeth H. His first wife 
died in . 186 1. He married the second 



time, Annetta Silliman, a sister of his former 
wife, in 1863. 

Mr. Nice was prepared for college at the 
Milton academy, Milton, Pennsylvania, and 
entered the University of Vermont, where he 
continued for three years, being compelled to 
leave at the end of that time by reason of 
impaired health. In 1 841, he was graduated 
from the law academy at Carlisle, Pennsyl- 
vania, and immediately began practice at 
Pottsville, where he is now the oldest member 
of the bar but one. He is a democrat politi- 
cally, and as such was district attorney under 
Governor Porter from 1843 to 1844, and rep- 
resentative of Schuylkill county in the Penn- 
sylvania Legislature during the years i867-'68. 
He has been president of the city councils for 
three years, and has served a number of times 
as delegate to political conventions, the most 
notable of which was that nominating Mr. 
Tilden for the presidency. He is a director 
and secretary of the Schuylkill Electric Light 
Company, and also'secretary of the Pottsville 
Gas Company. Fraternally he is a member 
of Pulaski Lodge, No. 216, F. and A. M., of 
which he is Past Master. 

Mr. Nice is an honored and respected 
citizen, thoroughly awake to the best interests 
of his city and county, and enjoys the \ini- 
form confidence of all who know him. 

QDOLPH W. SCHATjCK was born in 

■^^ Wiesbaden, in Germany, January 16, 
1845, and is the son of George and Sophia 
(Windisch) Schalck. His ancestors were all 
natives of Germany, and, with the exception 
of his parents, remained in the old world. 

The father of our subject was also a native 
of Wiesbaden, born in 1820. His education 
was obtained under the splendid system of 

German schools, and early in life he learned 
the trade of locksmith and gunsmith, and dur- 
ing several campaigns served in the German 
army as armorer. In 1854 he determined to 
seek his fortune in the United States, and upon 
his arrival located in the town of Pottsville, 
where he has ever since pursued his vocation 
of gunsmith and other closely allied mechan- 
ical work for which he has a wonderful capa^ 
city, being celebrated as a genius in all sorts of 
mechanical arts They had but one child, 
their son, Adolph W. 

The career of the son was somewhat varied. 
After passing through the public schools of 
Pottsville he found employment as a clerk in 
a wholesale glass and china importing house 
in Philadelphia, where he remained about two 
years. He grew restive, however, under cler- 
ical duties and returning to Pottsville, became 
a reporter on a German weekly paper — the 
Schuylkill Democrat. Later, in 1862, he be- 
came a clerk in the office, of that eminent 
lawyer, Franklin B. Gowen, Esq., then district 
attorney of this county, and later on the pres- 
ident of the Philadelphia and Reading railroad 
company. Here he began the study of law. 
He was admitted to the bar in 1866, and for 
some years remained associated with Mr. 
Gowen until the latter's removal to Philadel- 
phia. Ever since then Mr. Schalck has been 
in the active practice of his profession ; though, 
for some years, also simultaneously engaged 
in politics, beginning about 1 871. In politics 
Mr. Schalck is a democrat, and in 1874 was 
a candidate for district attorney in that party, 
with the late George R. Kaercher, Esq., as a 
competitor. Mr. Kaercher was the successful 
candidate ; but during his administration Mr. 
Schalck was the solicitor for the directors of 
the poor of the county, — and also became 
chairman of the Democratic County Commit- 



tee during the Presidential campaign of 1876. 
In 1877 he was nominated for district attor- 
ney and was elected. Later on, from 1 88 1 to 
1884, he served as attorney to the county 
commissioners of Schuylkill county, and also 
repeatedly as treasurer and chairman of the 
Democratic County Committee; hisla^t cam- 
paign as chairman being that of 1890, when 
the county gave Governor Pattison over 4100 
majority, the largest majority it ever gave to 
any candidate. 

Mr. Schalck in his professional and public 
life is regarded as an active, energetic, indus- 
trious and persevering man, true alike to both 
client and party. He has done good work a-< 
a campaign speaker, and equally as much as 
an organizer of his party. 

During the late war Mr. Schalck twice en- 
tered the army, serving in emergency regi- 
ments when Pennsylvania was invaded by the 
enemy; and for over ten years has been and 
still is the quartermaster of Gowen Post, No. 
23, of the Grand Army of the Republic. He 
has also been very closely connected with the 
German Order of Harugari, of which order he 
is the present chief officer for the State. 

Mr. Schalck married in 1870 Emma R. 
Haeseler, daughter of the late Dr. Charles 
il.usclcr, the pioneer homoeopathic physician 
in Schuylkill county. They have only one 
child, a daughter, Louise G., now eighteen 
years of age. 

In church matters Mr. Schalck is an active 
member of the German Lutheran church, and 
for many nctp'^ .1 trustee of the same. 

1r\i<- < HARLE8 EI>WARD QIAIL. of 

Auburn, Pennsylvania, one of the most 
prominent and successful physicians of Schu\l- 
kill county, is a son of Conrad and Mary 

(^PortS) Quail, and was born in Baltimore, 
Maryland, October 9, 1841. His father was 
of German birth and parentage, and came to 
the United States about the year 1825. He 
took up his residence in Baltimore, and after a 
period of eighteen years in that city, died, in 
1845, at the age of forty years. By occupa- 
tion he was a contractor and builder, carrying 
on this line of work in Baltimore, St. Louis, 
and other places on a large scale. In 1S43, he 
was engaged to superintend the erection of 
the government arsenal at Harper's Ferry, and 
met his death through the rupture of a blood- 
vessel while thus employed. He was promi- 
nently identified with fraternal organizations, 
and wa> one of the charter members of Co- 
lumbia Lodge, I.O.O.F , the first order of that 
kind organized in Baltimore, in which he was 
valued as a man and as an enthusiastic worker. 
Me wedded to a daughter of John Ports, 
a n.iti\c of southern Pennsylvania, but latterly 
a citizen of Manchester, Maryland, in which 
latter place he died in 1853, at the age of 
eighty-four years. Mr. Ports was a carpenter 
and contractor, in connection with which busi- 
ness he also operated a large farm. He was a 
democrat of the Jacksonian type, and a mem- 
ber of the Lutheran church. His family con- 
sisted of his wife (nee Mary Wentz) and eleven 
children, five sons and six daughters. 

The mother of Dr. Quail was born in Car- 
roll county, Mar>'land, and died at Hampstead, 
in the same county and State, in the year 1 887, 
at the age of seventy-seven years. She bore 
a family of six children, four sons and twn 
daughters: George W., deceased; Marcj.irct, 
deceased ; John H , a farmer, living near Hamp- 
stead, Mar}'land ; William, died in Philadel- 
phia, April, 1893; Charles E., subject; and 
Susan, wife of Joseph Little, of Hampstead. 



Charles Edward was educated in the schools 
of Baltimore, and at Mt. Irving college, Man- 
chester^ Maryland. Before graduation, how- 
ever, the civil war had burst upon the nation, 
and his patriotic zeal enlisted his sympathies 
in behalf of his country. He accordingly en- 
listed, August 2, 1862, at Baltimore, in Com- 
pany p, 8th regiment Maryland volunteers, 
under command of Colonel Andrew Denison. 
This regiment belonged to the brigade of 
Major-General John R. Kenly, of the Army 
of the Potomac. He did valiant service with 
this army for two years and ten months, re- 
maining in the service until the surrender of 
General Lee at Appomattox. In. many of the 
engagements of the Army of the Potomac, he 
was a participant, and lived to see the vindica- 
tion of national sovereignty and the establish- 
ment of republican autonomy, when the thun- 
ders of war had ceased. 

After the close of the war he entered the 
Maryland University Medical college, and was 
graduated in 1 867. He began practice at once, 
and was retained in the Baltimore Infirmary 
for one year. In 1868, he removed to Auburn, 
Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania, where he has 
continued his practice down to the present 
time (1893). In connection with his practice, 
he engaged in the drug business in 1892, which 
he still continues. He has been a member of 
both county and State medical associations, 
and in 1873 was elected by the republican 
party as coroner of Schuylkill county. Dr. 
Quail, aside from professional duties, ihas been 
largely identified with the business interests 
of his town. He is the owner of an excellent 
farm in West Brunswick township, one mile 
southeast of Auburn, possesses valuable real 
estate within the corporate limits of Auburn, 
and, in 1887, was one of the organizers of the 
Auburn Bolt and Nut works, of which he was 

president nearly the entire five years of its 
operation under that name. He is a member 
of the pension medical examining board of the 
county, appointed under President Harrison's 
administration, and has been a school director 
and treasurer for a number of years. In relig- 
ious matters, he affiliates with that body known 
as the Independent Church of God, of which 
he is a trustee and valued member. He is also 
a member of the Jerre Helms' Post, No. 26, 
G.A.R., at Schuylkill Haven. 

Dr. Quail was united in bonds of marriage 
to Emma C. Weishample, a daughter of Rev. 
John F. and Gertrude Weishample, of Balti- 
more, Maryland, June 4, 1 867. To them have 
been born five children : Charles E., died in 
childhood; Foster Koehler (see sketch), de- 
ceased; E. Lulu and Flora J., students at 
Millersville State Normal school; Charles, 
student at Pottsville Grammar school. 

Dr. Quail is a man of many excellent quali- 
ties, genial, aiifable, and enterprising; he is 
favorably known as a physician of skill and 
learning, and by reason of his various business 
interests has a large acquaintance throughout 
the county, while he has the uniform esteem 
and respect of his fellow-townsmen. 


Dr. Charles E. Quail (see foregoing 
sketch), and a young physician of superior 
worth, and attainments, was born at Auburn, 
Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania, June 23, 1869, 
and died at Ennis, West Virginia, December 
21, 1892. He received a careful home train- 
ing, and during his early youth was sent to the 
Pottsville public schools, where he remained 
six consecutive years, graduating therefrom in 
1887. Immediately after graduation he began 
the study of medicine with his father, and in 




the autumn of the year 1888 entered the 
>redico-Chirurgical college of Philadelphia, 
from which he was graduated with high honor 
in 1 891 . He was a close and apt student dur- 
ing his professional course, and sustained the 
highest average in practical clinics in his class, 
for which he was awarded, at the commence- 
ment exercises, the gold medal offered by Dr. 
\V. F Waugh, professor of medical practice. 
He was elected resident physician of the hos- 
pital of his alma mater after graduation, and 
while serving in that capacity entered the com- 
petitive examination at the Philadelphia Hos- 
pital, and was appointed to fill one of the sixteen 
positions at that institution, against a competi- 
tion of seventy applicants. On December i> 
1892, he entered upon the discharge of his du- 
ties, and continued in that position until he was 
called and accepted a place as physician to the 
Turkey G.ip Coal and Coke Company, at Ennis, 
West Virginia. Here, by close application and 
professional skill, he soon built up a very envi- 
able and rajjidly-growing practice. But his, in 
many respects, brilliant career was fated to be 
cut short when still in the fresh vigor of young 
manhood and bright hopes. He contracted 
typhoid fever while in attendance upon one of 
his patients, and, despite the best treatment 
and care, succumbed to the irresistible sweep 
of death. He died afler an illness of sixteen 

Dr. Quail's life was a twice-told tale — nay, 
one oft repeated — that of a man of promise, 
and talent, and many unusual qualities, stricken 
down in the threshold of usefulness. He was 
a young man of integrity, of fine presence, 
dignified in his address, courteous and kind in 
his contact with men. In point of religious 
and intellectual life, his was one of consistency 
and beauty, setting forth qualities of manli- 
ness, earnestness, and the Christian life with ; 

singular felicity. At a special meeting of the 
Alumni association of the Medico-Chirurgical 
college^ appropriate resolutions of respect 
were offered. He was interred December 27, 
1892, at Auburn, his home, and a very hand- 
some Quincy granite monument marks his 
resting-place — a shaft significant of paternal 
sorrow and paternal affection. His funeral was 
attended by many prominent persons, from 
both at home and abroad, who had come to 
pay their last respects to him whom they loved 
in life, and whose memory they cherished in 
death; at which time Prof S. A. Thurlow, of 
Pottsville High school, delivered an appropri- 
ate oration on the life and character of the de- 


Among the number of distinguished 
jurists who have occupied the bench of 
Schuylkill county must be included the man 
whose name heads this sketch. He is a son 
of Lewis and Sarah Vcatcs (Hubley) Walker, 
and was born June 18, 1S23, in Lancaster 
county, Pennsylvania. His grandfather was .1 
well-to-do farmer of Chester county, I'cnnsjl- 
vania, where he passed his life and died. His 
father was also a native of Chester count)-, but 
early cast his line of life in another locality 
He was an iron master of prominence, and 
when he died at Lebanon, Pennsylvania, in 
1825, was serving in that capacity in the em- 
ploy of the Colemans. His marriage resulted 
in the birth of three children, two boys and 
one girl : Lewis L., a practicing physician, 
located at No. 3612 Chestnut street, Philadel- 
phia ; Margaret H., deceased, and Thomas 1 1. 
Judge W^alker was educated at Lafayette 
College, Easton, Pennsylvania, and Pennsyl- 
vania College at Gettysburg, same State. After 
his course here he was appointed by A. B. 



Monford, one of the chief engineers of the 
divisions of the State, to a position on an 
engineer corps then engaged in the construc- 
tion of the Wiconisco canal in Dauphin 
county. He remained two years in this 
capacity, and was then promoted to the rank 
of assistant engineer on the North Branch 
canal, and took residence for over one year at 
Northumberland, Pennsylvania. Shortly after 
this time he entered the law office of Horace 
Smith, Esq., a prominent lawyer of Pottsville, 
read law and was admitted to the bar in 1 846. 
Sin'ce that time his career was shaped within 
the same county. Ten years after his admis- 
sion to practice he was elected district attorney 
of Schuylkill county, on the Democratic ticket, 
but at the expiration of the term declined re- 
election. Since that time he has frequently 
been the nominee of Schuylkill county for 
Congress, but in each case has yielded to the 
other counties — Lebanon and Northumber- 
land—which at the time composed the Con- 
gressional district. He has been twice a 
Presidential elector, and with more or less 
frequency attended the State Conventions of 
his party as a counsellor of weight and wis- 
dom. In 1 87 1 he was elected additional law 
judge of the Court of Common Pleas of 
Schuylkill county for a term of ten years, 
which place he filled with fidelity and honor. 
In the summer of 1878 he was appointed by 
Governor Hartranft one of the delegates from 
Pennsylvania, with Joseph R. Chandler and 
others, to the International Prison Congress, 
which convened at Stockholm, Sweden, on 
August 20, of that year. With this Commis- 
sion he visited all the principal prisons of 
Europe, including those of London, Berlin, 
Paris, Vienna, Dublin, Edinburgh and Geneva, 
with a view to studying the various penal 
systems in vogue, and the methods of their 

management. Since his retirement from the 
Bench, he has again devoted himself to the 
active practice of his profession, in conjunc- 
tion with his son, Lewis B. Walker. He has 
been a director of the Miners' Bank, and 
President of the People's Railway Company, 
and is at present the President of the Union 
Hall Association, and an active official of the 
Schuylkill Electric Railway Company. Both 
he and his family are devoted members of the 
Episcopal church, of which he was formerly 
one of the vestrymen. 

Judge Walker was married on the i8th 
of May, 1854, to Susan E.. Shellenberger, a 
daughter of Daniel Shellenberger, of Ham- 
burg, Berks county, Pennsylvania. By this 
marriage three children were born who reached 
maturity: Lewis B., married to Carrie L. 
Eckel, of Yorkville, Schuylkill county. He 
was graduated from Lafayette College in 
1878, studied law and was admitted to the bar 
of Schuylkill county in the spring of 1878. 
He has been in active practice ever since, and 
is the editor of ^e^. Legal Record, in connec- 
tion with Arthur J. Pilgram, published in two 
volinnes, containing chiefly decisions in the 
courts of Common Pleas of Pennsylvania. In 
addition, three volumes have been published 
under the title of " Reports of cases decided 
by the Sup'-eme Court of Pennsylvania, which 
have been omitted from the regular reports," 
by Lewis B. Walker, Esq. ; Sarah C, is mar- 
ried to Edward S. Newell, a surveyor of Potts- 
ville, where he filled the position of borough 
surveyor for a number of years ; Clarence, a 
resident of Horatio, Jefferson county, Pennsyl- 
vania. He is a graduate of Lehigh University, 
at Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, and by profession 
a mining engineer in the employ of the Ber- 
wand White Coal Company of Punxsutawney, 
Pennsylvania, as chief engineer. 


Judge Walker was appointed by Governor 
Pattison, of Pennsylvania, a commissioner to 
represent the State in the Inter-State Anti- 
Trust Conference, which met at Chicago on 
the 5th of June, 1893, and was by that body 
elected one of the Vice-Presidents of the 
permanent organization to carry out the object 
of the convention. 

HENKY C. CAREY. Among the earliest 
pioneers in the ownership of coal lands 
in Schuylkill county, were Henry C. Carey, 
Isaac Lea, Edward L. Carey and Abraham 
Hart. All of these gentlemen were exten- 
sively engaged in the book publishing busi- 
ness in Philadelphia ; the first two being 
members of the firm of Carey, Lea and Blan- 
chard, and the last two constituting the firm 
of E. L. Carey and A. Hart. In 1835, they 
purchased from Arthur St. Clair Nichols and 
Francis B. Nichols the St. Clair tract, and 
the same year they bought a controlling in- 
t( rest in the York Farm and Eyre tract. The 
St. Clair tract remained in the possession of 
Henry C. Carey, Abraham Hart and Eliza C 
Baird, the latter being the sister and one of 
the hpirs of Edward L. Carey, until January 
I, 1872, when it was disposed of to the Phila- 
delphia and Reading Coal and Iron company. 
The control of the York Farm and Eyre tract 
remained in the possession of the heirs of 
Isaac Lea and Edward L. Carey, until it was 
recently sold in 1888, to E. N. Frisbie and by 
him to the I^high Valley Coal Company. 

Henry C. Carey, who was born in Phila- 
delphia, on December 15, 1793, and died there 
October 13, 1879, was a well-known writer on 
economic questions — indeed the most original 
American investigator of these problems. His 
fame is world-wide, and his books, one or 

more, have been translated into French, Ger- 
man, Italian, Swedish, Russian, Japanese and 
other languages. 

On the purchase of these lands these 
gentlemen selected for their agent Thomas 
James Baird, who had married the daughter 
of Mathew Carey, and the sister of Henry 
C. Carey and Edward L. Carey. Removing 
with his family to Pottsville in August, 1835, 
he resided there until his death in 1842. He 
had graduated at the U. S. Military academj' 
in 1814, and served in the war of 1 8 1 2- 1 8 1 5 as 
a lieutenant of light artillery in Canada, under 
General Izard. He resigned in May, 1828, 
being then captain in the third regiment of 
U. S. artillery. In 1838, he was elected cap- 
tain of the National Light Infantr)- of Potts- 
ville, and in 1839, lieutenant-colonel of a 
battalion of volunteers of which his company 
constituted a part. 

His son, Edward Carey Baird, born in 
Pottsville in 1836, served with great distinc- 
tion in the late war of the rebellion and 
reached the position of assistant adjutant- 
general of volunteers with the rank of major. 
At the battle of Gettysburg he was on the 
staff of General Reynolds, and in the first days 
fight that General, being mortally wounded, 
died in Baird's arms. 

Subsequenty to the close of the war, General 
Meade, on whose staff Baird had continuously 
served from Mechanicsville to Fredericks- 
burg, expressed the opinion of him : 

" I have never known a man who had 
greater capacity for handling troops in action 
than Baird. Had he been in the line instead 
of on the staff he would have come out of the 
war a major-general." Major Baird died in 
November, 1874.' 



TkOUIS WEBER, M.D., one of the best 
known and most successful physicians 
of Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania, was born 
at Roaring Creek, Northumberland, county, 
Pennsylvania, December 25, 1859, and is a 
son of Philip G. and Amelia (Frantz) Weber. 
His father was a native of the Kingdom of 
Prussia, Germany, born March 31, 18 17, and 
came to the United States in the year 1846, 
first locating in Tremont, Schuylkill county. 
From here he removed to Roaring Creek, 
Northumberland county, and thence to Maha- 
noy City in 1862. He died in the latter place, 
January 11, 1889. He received his education 
in the public schools of his native country, 
and upon its completion began reading medi- 
cine under his uncle. Dr. Walaner, of Kern, 
Prussia, and in 1840 was graduated from the 
medical department of Heidelberg University. 
After graduation he entered upon the practice 
of his profession at Hamburg, Germany, for 
six years, and at the termination of this period 
resolved to seek honors in the United States. 
During his stay in this country he was in 
active and successful practice up to the time 
of his death. In his church affiliations he 
was a communicant in the German Lutheran 
church, while politically he supported the 
Democratic party. He was united in marriage 
January 25, 1842, and was the father of 
eleven children, seven sons and four daugh- 

Dr. Louis Weber was educated at Swatara 
Institute, Jonestown, Lebanon county, Penn- 
sylvania, and then began the study of medi- 
cine under the preceptorship of his father. 
He later attended the Philadelphia College of 
Pharmacy, and Jefferson Medical College of 
the same city, but before the completion of his 
course changed to the medical department of 
the University of the City of New York, from 

which he received his diploma in 1880. The 
next year he spent in post-graduate and 
clinical work at Philadelphia. After this time 
he opened an office for the general practice of 
his profession, in Philadelphia, and became 
assistant at Prof Strawbridge's Eye, Ear, and 
Throat Hospital, in Philadelphia. He prac- 
ticed here for six years, and in 1887 removed, 
to Mahanoy City, this county, where he has 
since resided and pursued the professional 
career of his choice. He has been attended 
here with enviable success, and enjoys a large 
general practice in connection with his special 
treatment of the diseases of the eye, ear and 
throat. In. the latter specialties. Dr. Weber 
has had a rare education, and a large and varied 
experience. He has not only had the advan- 
tage of the best American institutions and 
instruction, but also made a special trip to 
Europe for the purpose of perfecting his 
knowledge, as far as possible, along these 
lines. He has studied in the medical and 
clinical institutions at Berlin, Heidelberg, and 
visited noted hospitals of London, Dublin, 
and other noted European medical centers, 
and brings to his practice the benefits of care- 
ful observation and skilful diagnosis. 

Dr. Weber was wedded to Matilda Barjow, a 
daughter of William H. andSalina(Kinselbach) 
Barlow, of Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania, on 
March 17, 1883. To them have been born 
three children, William L., Anna M., and 
Ida E. 

He is a member of the Lutheran church of 
Mahanoy City, and in his political views a 
democrat. In politics he always takes a keen 
and intelligent interest, having at heart the 
good of the County and State. To the church 
he has always been a liberal contributor, and 
has manifested a deep concern for its moral 
and humane efficiency. 




iry K. FILBERT, D. D. S., one of the 

• leading dentists of Schuylkill county, 
is a descendant from a sturdy German ances- 
try. He was born in Marion township, Berks 
county, Pennsylvania, June 6, 1850, the son of 
Samuel and Catharine (Kalbach) Filbert. His 
grandfather, John Filbert, was a native of 
Lower Heidelberg township, Berks county, 
while his great grandfather was born in Wur- 
temburg, Germany. His great grandfather 
emigrated to the United States at an early 
date and became one of the pioneer settlers of 
Berks county, where he pursued the occupa- 
tion of farming and carpentering. His mar- 
riage to Elizabeth Leiss resulted in a family 
of four sons and four daughters. 

The father of subject was born in Berks 
county, and died December 9, 1872, at the 
age of sixty-two years and si.x months. By 
occupation he was a farmer, was attended with 
very considerable success and at the time of 
his death was the possessor of two large farms. 
Politically he was a democrat, and as such 
was elected director of the poor two terms. 
Both he and family were affiliated with the 
Lutheran church, in which he served at various 
times as deacon, elder and treasurer. Nine 
children were born to him, of whom five were 
sons and four daughters. 

P. K. F'ilbert, one of the sons, whose name 
heads this sketch, was married February 25, 
1875, to Julia M. Sell, a daughter of John H. 
Sell, of Berks county, Pennsylvania. To them 
have been born four children : Bertha A., 
PIdward S., Catharine J., and Emily E. 

Dr. F'ilbert was educated in the schools of 
his native county and afterwards was engaged 
in farming and clerical work. Later he en- 
tered the Pennsylvania College of Dentistry, 
from which he was graduated in March, 1873, 
Afterward he located in Pottsville, entered 

upon his profession, and has since developed 
a successful and lucrative practice. Besides 
his professional work Dr. Filbert has been 
interested along certain business lines and is 
at present a director of the Schuylkill Real 
Estate, Title, Insurance and Trust Company. 
In politics he iis independent of party, but is in 

I general sympathy with Democratic principles. 
He is largely and prominently identified with 

I secret and fraternal organizations, being a 
member of Pulaski Lodge, No. 216, F. and A. 
M., of which he is now Master, Mountain City 
Chapter, No. 196, R. A. M., of which he is 
Past High Priest, and Constantine Comman- 
dery. No. 41, K. T.. of which he is Captain 

' General. Besides these he in Past Grand of 
Miners' Lodge, No, 20, I, O. O. F., and a 
member of Franklin Encampment, No. 4. 

Personally Dr. I-'ilbcrt is genial, affable and 
popular, while professionally he stands in the 
front rank of his profession, indicating that he 

I possesses the qualifications of a successful man 

: in the broadest sense of the word. 

HON. JAMES FOCHT, a prominent re- 
tired merchant of Pottsville, ex-asso- 
ciate judge of Schuylkill county and the scion 
I of an old and respected family of the same, is 
of good old Schuylkill Valle)- stock, and is a 
son of Daniel and Esther (Voder) P'ocht, and 
was bom in East Brunswick township, Schuyl- 
kill county, October 8, 1818. 

George Focht, grandfather, was one of the 
earlier settlers in Oley township, Berks county, 
Pennsylvania. Daniel Focht was born in Oley 
township, Berks county, Pennsylvania, in 

, and came in 1 806, ten years 

prior to the laying out of l'citts\ illr. as super- 
intendent and clerk for John Pott for the 
erection of a charcoal furnace .and forge. 



selecting the site on which the Messrs. Atkins 
since then built their anthracite furnaces, now 
owned and operated by the Pottsville Iron and 
Steel Company. 

After serving in this capacity for several 
years he became a partner and was actively 
associated with Mr. Pott in carrying on the 
forge and making bar iron until 1812, when 
he severed his connection with the firm and 
removed to Orwigsburg, and shortly after- 
ward settled in East Brunswick township, and 
in company with Daniel Graeff erected a 
charcoal forge, the first, it is believed, ever 
operated by water power from the Little 
Schuylkill river. He retained an interest in 
this forge until 1836, when he retired from 
active business. Aside from the distinction of 
having been among the pioneers in the iron 
industry of the county, he: merits recognition 
as one of the founders of the Evangelical 
association in Schuylkill county, of which 
church he was for many years a local preacher. 
As manufacturer and believer in protection to 
home industries, he was a whig politically, 
and served one term of three years as county 
commissioner of Schuylkill county. He mar- 
ried Esther Yoder, and to them were born a 
large family of twelve children ; ten boys and 
two girls. 

Judge Fochtwas educated in theMcKeans- 
burg select school, and in 1836 came to Potts- 
ville, and was engaged in dry-goods and 
grocery stores, as clerk, and salesman until 
1846, when he engaged in the mercantile 
business on his own account, being among the 
oldest merchants of the place. He continued 
the dry-goods business until March 20, 1892. 
He first embarked in a general mercantile 
business, then drj'-goods and groceries ; finally 
in 1 860 carpets and oilcloths were added. In 
1 889 the town having become so populous and 

the business in carpets so great,, he deter- 
mined upon clearing out his other lines and to 
confine himself to the carpet trade, in connec- 
tion with which he is best known to the 
younger generation. As a merchant, Judge 
Focht was deservedly successful. Good judg- 
ment, strict habits arid industry won for him 
the confidence of the community, which con- 
fidence and respect he has always retained. 

Like his father before him. Judge Focht 
was a whig, and cast his first vote for General 
William Henry Harrison in 1840. When the 
Republican party was formed he joined its 
ranks and has always been one of its staunch- 
est supporters. He served as borough coun- 
cilman and as a member of the school board 
a number of years. 

In 1862 Governor Curtin appointed him 
Associate Judge of Schuylkill county to fill 
the unexpired term of George Rahn, deceased, 
and discharged the duties of that office, fully 
justifying the confidence reposed in him. 

Judge Focht married in 1846, Martha, a 
daughter of David and Nancy Evans, of Lu- 
zerne county, Pennsylvania. All of the five 
children of this marriage are living : David, a 
retired wholesale grocer, of Mahanoy city; 
Clara ; Charles, a civil engineer ; Mattie and 

He has been an active member and Past 
Grand of Girard Lodge, No. 53, I. O. O. F., 
and a Past Grand Patriarch of Franklin En- 
campment. Of the Miners' National Bank, 
he has been a director for thirty years. 

jrOHN C. KJSTAPP, of Mahanoy City, Penn- 
sylvania, belongs to that well-to-do sub- 
stantial class of Germans, who have by their 
industry, economy, and thrift, added greatly 
to the prosperity of Schuylkill county. He 



is a son of Charles and Maria Regina (Nuffer) 
Knapp, and was born in the kingdom of 
Wurtemburg, Germany, in the year 1827. He 
came to the United States in 185 1, took up a 
residence at Minersville, Schuylkill county, 
and remained there during the four succeed- 
ing years, after which he went to Port 
Carbon. In the latter place he was employed 
in a flour mill until the year 1859, when he 
removed to Pottsville, and engaged in the 
butcher trade. In 1862, he transferred the 
business to Mahanoy City, which has since 
that time continued to be his place of business 
and residence. Through careful attention to 
the details of his trade, it has grown to a very 
creditable extent, and has enabled him to 
launch out into various other enterprises, 
from which he derives a very comfortable in- 
come. Besides the meat business, he is the 
owner of a confectionery store and one of the 
finest business blocks in Mahanoy City. The 
latter is situated on the southwest corner of 
Main and Center streets, and presents a very 
fine appearance. It was built in 1872, and is 
constructed of brick, forty-five feet front, sixty 
feet deep and three stories high. The first 
floor is used for store rooms, the second floor 
for offices, and the third for a secret society 
hall. To this block there is an addition, 
forty-seven feet long and two stories in height, 
which constitutes the residence of Mr. Knapp. 
Mr. Knapp was united in marriage with 
Sarah Rieger, a daughter of John Rieger, of 
I'ottsvillc, by whom he has a family of nine 
children : .Maria Regina and Sarah, at home ; 
Rosa, wife of Wallace Haldeman, of Mahanoy 
City, IVnn.sylvania ; Charles M., Laura, Wil- 
liam John, George and Frederick, at home. 
He was eiiuc.ited in the public schools of his 
native country and in the more practical 
school of experience. After a short residence 

in this country, he allied himself politically 
with the Democratic party, apd has been 
honored by that party by being elected to 
the offices of councilman and school director 
of Mahanoy City. He is a member of the 
Lutheran church, a member of General Grant 
Lodge, No. 575, I. O. O. F., Royal Arcanum 
Council, No — , of Mahanoy Cit>-, and of the 
German Order of Harugari. 

Mr. Knapp is a prosperous, energetic, honest 
business man, and through his own efforts 
has won for himself a place of recognition 
among the business men of his city. He 
attends closely to and superintends all his 
business transactions, and by the exercise of 
care and prudence, has succeeded in accumu- 
lating a fair share of this world's goods. He- 
is a good citizen, kind, generous and loyal to 
the interests of State and home. 

JOHN M. ADAM, one of the leading mer- 
chants of Malianoy City, was born in Mont- 
gomery county, August 15, 1842. He is the 
son of John H. and Mary (Case) Adam, and 
grandson of John Adam, a large farmer of 
Montgomery county, Pennsylvania, who died 
about 1855. The latter was one of the early 
settlers of that county, was the owner of three 
farms and a large tract of timber land. He 
was a democrat of the Jacksonian type, and 
was united in marriage with a Lidy of German 
descent, who bore him three sons and three 
daughters. The father of John .M. Adam was 
also a native of Montgomery county, born in 
1824. About the time he reached his majority 
he removed to Berks county, on a farm which 
was formerly owned by his father, located in 
Hereford township. Here he continued the 
cultivation of his farm until the time of his de- 
cease. Political!) , he adopted the party of his 



father, in which he took more than a nominal 
interest, representing it in a number of small 
offices in his county. He was a member of the 
Catholic church, and died on February lo, 
1883. By his mariage he became the father 
of five children, as follows : Lizzie, deceased, 
John M., subject, Charles, deceased, Lucy 
Anna, and Edwin, the latter of whom married 
Kate Crowell and lives at Mount Carmel, 
Northumberland county, Pennsylvania, where 
he is engaged in the mercantile business. 

John M. Adam was united in marriage with 
Kate Sanders, a daughter of Amos Sanders, a 
native of Berks county, Pennsylvania, but now 
a resident of Philadelphia, on July 4, 1 870. 
An issue of nine children has been the fruit of 
this marriage : Charles L., born in Mahanoy 
city, April 13, 1871 ; Amos W., born Decem- 
ber 9, 1873 ; Agnes, born June 6, 1876; John, 
born May 22, 1880; Annie, born October 17, 
1883; Herman, born June 11, 1886, deceased 
December 5, 1889; Joseph, born October 18, 
1888; Anthony, born February 2, 1890; Rose, 
born December 3, 1892. 

Mr. Adam received his education in the 
common schools of Berks county and started 
out on his career in life as a tiller of the soil. 
He remained in Berks county until he had 
attained the age of twenty-one years, after 
which he came directly to Mahanoy city and 
accepted a position as clerk in the mercantile 
business, the same place at which he is now 
located, on West Center street. At this time 
the business was conducted by Kerr & Rehr, 
until June, 1864, when Rehr died. In 1869, 
Mr. Adam was taken in as a partner, and the 
firm was styled Kerr & Adam. At the expi- 
ration of a year Kerr sold his interest to 
Brown, and the business was then conducted 
by the firm of Brown & Adam, which associa- 
tion continued until December, 1892, when the 

interest of Mr. Brown was purchased and the 
entire business conducted since that time by 
Mr. Adam alone. The business embraces that 
of general dry-goods, groceries, flour and feed, 
and is carried on in a building forty-two feet 
deep and twenty-five feet wide, three stories of 
which are occupied. 

Politically, Mr. Adam is a democrat, and 
together with his family holds membership in 
the Roman Catholic church. He is a tho- 
roughly reliable and well-to-do business man, 
who, by strict fidelity to business and careful 
conduct of business details, has established a 
large and growing trade. He stands among 
the best, business firms of Mahanoy city. 

JOHN SCHEIFLiY, formerly owner and 
proprietor of the Scheifly House at She- 
nandoah, Pennsylvania, is the son of John and 

Scheifly, and was born in Som- 

neytown, Montgomery county, Pennsylvania, 
September i, 1813. He received his educa- 
tion in the common schools of that place, 
after which he was apprenticed to learn the 
printing trade. He was employed for thirteen 
years continuously as a compositor on the 
Farmers' Friend, published in Somneytown, 
Pennsylvania. In 1855 he removed to Phila- 
delphia, and became the editor and proprietor 
of an independent newspaper knoWn as The 
Banner. He continued to pubUsh this paper 
for two years, and in 1857 removed to Tama- 
qua, Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania, and 
became proprietor of the Columbia House, 
which he kept for a period of four years. In 
1 86 1 he was appointed lieutenant quarter- 
master of the 25th regiment Pennsylvania 
volunteer infantry, " ^he First Defenders," for 
a term of ninety days. At the expiration of 
this time he returned to Tamaqua, where he 
continued to reside until the year 1870, when 


he removed to Shenandoah and engaged in 
the hotel business, conducting what is now 
known as the Sheifly House, of which he was 
the owner and proprietor down to the year 
1882. At this time he retired from the busi- 
ness and was succeeded by his son James P., 
who is the present proprietor of the hotel. In 
political faith, he has always been a voter for 
the best man- irrespective of party, though 
nominally a democrat. He is a member of 
Trinity Reformed Church and Watkins Waters 
Post, No. 146, G. A. R. 

In 1 841 he was united in marriage to 
Catharine Moyer, a daughter of Daniel Moyer, 
of Orwigsburg, Schuylkill county, by whom 
he has a family of four children living: Ella, 
at home ; James P., proprietor of the Scheifly 
House ; Catharine, wife of J. H. Murphy, a 
merchant residing in New York City; Sallie 
M., wife of J. H. Haverstock, a resident of 
Wilmington, Del., where he pursues the trade 
of painting. 

Mr. Scheifly is a man who has by his 
straightforward and honorable career merited 
the respect and the good-will of all those with 
whom he has come in intimate contact. He 
now lives a retired life, and in his closing years 
looks back over a career that has been filled 
with honest purposes and a desire to benefit 
those with whom he came in contact in an 
entirely unselfish manner. He has not sought 
worldly aggrandizement, but has always been 
content with the humble ambition of duty and 
its KMjIts. He is uniformly respected and 
commands the good-will of the citizens of 

M ICHOLAS KAISER. Among that body 
% of men who have from small beginings 
acquired place and confidence in the business 
circles of Schuylkill county, Nicholas Kaiser, 

of Pottsville, Pennsylvania, is entitled to a 
place. He is a son of George and Dora 
Kaiser, and was bom in Bavaria, Germany, 
on May 27, 1825. His father was born in 
Germany about the year 1 788, and died in the 
vicinity of his birthplace about the year 1858. 
During his youth and early manhood, 
Nicholas Kaiser was employed in a pottery, 
and continued in that business until his emi- 
gration to the United States in 1848. .\ftor 
his arrival in this country, he settled in the 
city of Philadelphia, and was employed in a 
shoe factory. In the year 185 1, he removed 
from there to New Philadelphia, Schuylkill 
county, where he was employed in a pottery 
for two years, at the expiration of which he 
came to Pottsville, where he now resides. 
Since coming to Pottsville, he engaged in the 
pottery and brick business for two years, and 
then began buying rags, old iron, rubber 
shoes, etc., which he continued until i868. 
With the' savings of his income from this line 
of work, he engaged in the general mercan- 
tile business on the corner of Seventh and 
-Market streets, on a small scale. This he 
persevered in until the year 1888, at which 
latter date he had established a very credit- 
able store and trade. About this time he was 
succeeded in the business by his son, J.ihn H , 
who has continued it to the present time. He 
is a democrat in politics, a member of the 
German Catholic church, and has manifested 
an unusual interest in American institution-. 
He was united in marriage with Catherine 
Dindorf, of Pottsville, Pennsylvania, a daugh- 
ter of Nicholas and Elizabeth Dindorf, in 

, 1853. By this marriage nine 

children have been born : Charles, a resident 
of Lincoln, Nebraska ; George, resident of the 
same place; John H, merchant of Pottsville, 
married to Emma Siegman ; Frank, married 



to Mollie Housman, and now engaged in the 
grocery business at Pottsville ; David, mar- 
ried to Florence Byerly, also living in Potts- 
ville ; Joseph, employed in the silk ■ mill ; 
Henry, learning navigation on the School- 
ship Saratoga, with headquarters at Phila- 
delphia ; Catherine, wife of Albert Oedinger, 
of Philadelphia, a druggist ; William, at home, 
in business. Mr. Kaiser is a sticcessful retired 
business man of Pottsville ; what he possesses 
has been gotten through his own honest efforts 
and untiring industry. 

/T^UY C. IRISH, one of the editors and 
^^ proprietors of the Mahanoy Tribune, 
Schuylkill county, is a son of Theodore D. 
and Mary L. (Sheafer) Irish, and was born on 
September 2, 1855, in Carlisle, Cumberland 
county, Pennsylvania. 

The Irish family were originally of German 
lineage, the grandfather of Guy C, having 
been a direct descendant of a well-to-do Ger- 
man family. Most of the life of the latter 
was passed in Carbon and Schuylkill counties. 
He was essentially a self-made man, and be- 
came a very successful civil engineer, under 
the employ of Asa Packer. In his profes- 
sional capacity, he became the supervising 
engineer during the construction of the Lehigh 
Valley railroad. He died at Shockshinney, 
on the banks of the Susquehanna, about the 
year 1871. He was a whig in politics, and 
had a family of two children, father of Guy 
C, and Elizabeth, wife of Samuel Auman, of 
Pottsville, Pennsylvania. 

Theodore D. Irish, father, was born on June 
14, 1830, in Audenried, Pennsylvania. He 
went South shortly after the close of the war, 
and at first engaged in gold mining in the 
State of Georgia. Subsequent to this he en- 

tered the employ of the United States Military 
railroads in and about Washington, as train 
dispatcher, and was located at Alexandria, 
Virginia, a short distance from Washington. 
By his marriage there has been an issue of four 
children, all boys : Frank, traveling passenger 
agent for the Chicago and Northwestern rail- 
road company, with permanent headquarters 
at Philadelphia; Ned, up to 1893, superin- 
tendent of the Cornwell and Lebanon railroad, 
but subsequently engaged in the wholesale 
coal business under the firm name of Irish 
Bros., having associated with him in the busi- 
ness his brother, Jediah B. Irish, who has had 
a number of years of practical experience in 
coal dealing. 

On April 6, 1886, Guy C. Irish was united 
in marriage with Sadie M. Schoener, a 
daughter of John F., Schooner, of Mahanoy 
City, who has borne him two children, Helen 
and Mary. He received his education in the 
public schools of Baltimore, Maryland, and 
was in the employ of the Philadelphia and 
Reading Railroad Company for fifteen years, 
starting in the stationery business at Mahanoy 
City on February i, 1889. In 1888 he be- 
came associated with Mr. Rausch, and assumed 
the proprietorship and control of the Mahanoy 
Tribune, a thirty-two column weekly journal, 
established in 1865 by William Ramsey, et 
alia. The paper has since been ably con- 
ducted, and has been devoted to the interests 
of the Republican party, the town, county and 
State. It has a large circulation throughout 
the county and coal regions generally, and is 
always wide-awake in all its departments, 
whether news, editorial, or advertising. In 
connection with the publication of the paper 
there is a large and well equipped printing 
department, which turns out work in the high- 
est style of the art. 



Mr. Irish is a member and trustee of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, and is also con- 
nected with Mahanoy City Lodge, No. 617, 
I. (). O. I'"., and Council, No. 162, Royal 
Arcanum. He is a young man who has 
gained an enviable popularity through his 
connection with the newspaper world, pos- 
sesses talent as writer, and personally is 
graced with many commendable social char- 

lUTAKTIN M. BURKE, a resident of Shen- 
A andoah, Schuylkill county, Pennsylva- 
nia, and a practicing attorney before the bar 
of that county, was born June 16, 1865, in 
Ashland, Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania. He 
is a .son of Edward J. and Margaret (L'Velle) 

Grandfather John Burke was a native of 
county Mayo, Ireland, and emigrated to the 
United States about the year 1866. Soon 
after locating at Ashland, Schuylkill county, 
and later at Lost Creek, same county, where 
he still lives. Before his coming to this coun- 
try he was a farmer by occupation, but after 
his arrival in Schuylkill county he gained his 
livelihood by working in the mines. His 
father was born in Ireland about 1840, and 
was employed in his native country as a farmer 
and light-house keeper. He came to the 
I'nitcil States about a year and a half prior to 
the arrival of his father, and removed with his 
father to the places mentioned previously. 
By vocation he has been a miner ever since 
his residence in Scluiylkill county, and has 
taken a prominent part in the opening of new 
mines within the county. 

In politics he has been actively identified 
with the Democratic party, and served for a 
period of seven years as a member of the 
school board in West Mahanoy township. 

He is now one of the board of examiners of 
miners in the Fifth Anthracite district. In 
everything pertaining to the well-being and 
uplifting of the mining classes, he has taken 
an important and prominent position, whether 
political, social or humanitarian. Religiously 
he is connected with the Roman Catholic 
church, of which he is a consistent and zealous 
member. His marriage to the daughter of 
Martin L'Velle, a native of County Mayo, Ire- 
land, and a prosperous farmer, resulted in a 
family of eight children, five sons and four 

Martin M. Biirke received his education in 
the public schools of his native township, and 
started out upon his career in life as a teaclier 
in the common schools of West Mahanoy 
township. He began teaching in September, 
1880, and continued until the autumn of I'^iyo, 
when he entered the office of his uncle, .M M. 
L'Velle, Esq., of Ashland, and began the study 
of law. On September 6, 1892, he was ad- 
mitted to the bar of Schuylkill county, and 
since that time has been in the active practice 
of his profession, having offices in Shenandoah 
and Pottsville. He is a member in good 
standing of the Roman Catholic church at 
Shenandoah, under the charge of Rev. lather 
O'Reilly, and is prominently connected with 
the Catholic Total Abstinence Union, and has 
served as secretary and vice-president of the 
State organization by that name. 

Mr. Burke has always been commendably 
active in the educational interests of the count)-, 
and since his admission to the bar gives 
promise of rapid rise in the profession of the 
law. He is a young man of ability, enthusiasm 
and projser ambition, which backed with an- 
unblemished character will not fail to place 
him upon a desirable footing with his brethren 
at the bar of Schuylkill county. 



On September 12, 1893, Mr. Burke was 
united in marriage to Miss Mary Ella Foley, 
second daughter of James and Margaret Foley, 
of Shenandoah, by Rev. H. F. O'Reilly in 
the Annunciation Roman Catholic church of 
Shenandoah, and has taken his residence in 
his cottage on South White street. 

TTNDREW HOPPES, a well known busi- 
ness man, and large real estate owner 
of Mahanoy City, Schuylkill' county, Pennsyl- 
vania, is a son of Christian and Salma (Steger- 
wald) Hoppes, and was born on January 19 
1826, in Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania. 

His great-grandfather was a native of the 
Kingdom of Saxony, Germany, and emigrated 
to the United States at a very early date. He 
became a citizen of Lehigh county, Pennsyl- 
vania, which at that time had not been separ- 
ated from the county of Northampton. He 
died in that county. His son, Michael Hoppes, 
grandfather of subject, was born in North- 
ampton county, and continued a resident in 
the vicinity of his birthplace throughout life, 
which he passed in the peaceful pursuit of 
agriculture. During the War of Independence 
he shouldered a musket and took part in the 
memorable conflict which resulted in our 
national freedom. At the time of the birth of 
Christian Hoppes, he was a citizen of West 
Penn, Schuylkill county, where he passed the 
remainder of his life. Christian Hoppes 
adopted the occupation of his father, and at 
the time of his death was the possessor of a 
farm having an acreage almost double the 
ordinary farm. He was a republican in poli- 
tics, and a member of the Lutheran church. 
His family, beside his wife, consisted of twelve 
children, six sons and six daughters. 

Andrew Hoppes was united in marriage to 

Susanna Mosser, a daughter of Jacob Mosser, 
a native, and formerly a resident of Lehigh 
county, Pennsylvania. Mrs. Hoppes died on 
March 9, 1890, at the age of sixty-five years. 
This marriage resulted in an issue of twelve 
children : Dennis M., in. the mill business at 
Mahanoy City, and married to Sarah Fetter- 
hoff ; Jacob M., married to Sallie E. Matthias, 
a resident of Mahanoy City ; Emmanuel, de- 
ceased ; Angelina, wife of William K. Hill, a 
farmer residing near Kepners, this county; 
Sarah, wife of Charles Erode, a resident of 
Barnesville, Schuylkill county ; Israel, a sta- 
tionary engineer of Mahanoy City ; Owen, 
deceased; William M., a salesman of Maha- 
noy City ; Alvina, wife of S. Calvin Zeigler, a 
cigar manufacturer of Allentown, Pennsyl- 
vania; Emma L., wife of Adam Wingert, a 
blacksmith by trade, resident in Mahanoy 
City ; Andrew Grant, a jeweler, located in 
Middletown, Schuylkill county ; George, a 
resident of Mahanoy City. 

Mr. Hoppes was educated in the common 
schools, and for a short time attended a Nor- 
mal school in the State of New Jersey. He 
learned the milling trade, and while at West 
Penn, operated a saw-mill and grist-mill, in 
conjunction. He also owned in the vicinity 
of West Penn two farms, aggregating two 
hundred and eighty-five acres, and a piece of 
timber land in the Blue Mountains containing 
eighty acres. In 1 877, he came to Mahanoy 
City and erected a flouring-mill, which he still 
owns. This mill is thirty-five feet wide, 
seventy- five feet deep and four stories in height. 
In connection with this he is the possessor of 
considerable realty in Mahanoy City, in the 
shape of dwelling-houses and store-rooms, 
which yields a very fair rental. 

Mr. Hoppes is a well-to-do citizen, has a 
large acquaintance throughput Mahanoy City 



and Schuylkill county, and is generally looked 
upon as a man of good business qualifications 
and tact. He is a republican in politics, and 
a member of the Evangelical church. 

1r\tl. THOMAS LEWIS, a physician in 
■^^ good standing, of Mahanoy city, Schuyl- 
kill county, Pennsylvania, is a son of Thomas 
Sr. and Harriet (Reifschneider) Lewis, and 
was born near Tamaqua, this county, April 
30, i860. His father was born in W'aicb, 
June 7, 1 82 1, and emigrated to the United 
States in 1844 and upon his arrival located at 
Tamaqua. Being of a migratory character, 
he subsequently located at various places 
throughout the country, but finally, in 1864, 
came to Mahanoy city, where he has since re- 
sided By occupation he has been a mine 
foreman for many years, and also owns a drug 
store in Mahanoy City. Politically, he is a 
republican, though not a partisan in any sense. 
He was twice married, and by his first mar- 
riage he had one son, William J., now decccised. 
By his second marriage, three children were 
bom: Thomas, subject; Charles H., a former 
pharmacist of Mahanoy City ; Hannah, mar- 
ried to Mr. Wm. F. Richardson. 

Dr. Lewis was united in marriage with 
Fanny Carter, daughter of William H. Carter 
of Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania, on January 
22, 1885. From this marriage three children 
have resulted : Charles H., William C. and 
Robert P He was educated in the public 
SI hools of Mahanoy City and at a private school. 
Subsequently he read medicine with Dr. P. A. 
Bisscll of Mahanoy City, from whose precep- 
torsiiip he entered the College of Physicians 
and Surgeons at Baltimore, Maryland, and 
w.iN gradu.itcd in 1881. Since that time he 
has been in the active practice of his profes- 

sion in Mahanoy City, and has also acted as 
superintendent of his father's drug store since 
the death of his brother on March 4, 1883. 
Dr. Lewis has been uniformly successful in 
his professional career, and commands the 
confidence of both his fellow-practitioners and 
his clientele. 

He is a member of the County and State 
Medical Societies, and is also connected with 
a number of fraternal organizations, among 
which are Mahanoy City Lodge, No. 617, 
1. 0.0 P., of which he was Vice-Grand; Eureka 
Castle, No. 86, K. of G. E., of which he is 
Past Chief; and to the Royal Society of Good 
Fclldu^ of which he is medical examiner. 

HENRY ZIMMERMAN, one of the most ' 
prominent contractors and builders of 
Pottsvillc, Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania, is 
a son of George and Katherine Zimmerman, 
and was born at Northumberland, county of 
Northumberland, Pennsylvania, on April 26, 

At the age of eighteen years Mr. Zimmerman 
came to Pottsville, and was indentured with 
Samuel Haupt, a carpenter and contractor, to 
learn the carpenter trade. Upon the comple- 
tion of his trade he located in Pottsville and 
entered into his business with an energy and 
ambition that could not but be followed by 
success. For the first few years he was em- 
ployed as a journeyman, but in 1837 he began 
business on a much larger scale, devoting 
himself almost exclusively to the superiii- 
tendency of work under contract. His busi- 
ness grew little by little in extent until at 
various times he had under his employ from 
fifty to seventy-five men. Many imposing 
structures in all parts of the city of Pittsville 
bear witness to his workmanship and genius. 



In the year 1882 his son, John H., took imme- 
diate charge of his business, and the firm name 
was changed to that of H. Zimmerman & Son, 
which firm has become one of the most widely 
recognized and substantial in that line of busi- 
ness in Schuylkill county. Besides his purely 
business interests the elder Zimmerman has 
been identified with the public service as 
school director and as building inspector for a 
great many years. He is a repubhcan in poli- 
tics, and is a member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church, in which he is a trustee and was 
formerly class-leader. In every branch of its 
work he has shown himself a willing servant 
and is recognized as one of the strongest sup- 
porters of the cause of Methodism. Pie was 
also a member of Miners' Lodge, No. 20, I. 
O. O. F. 

Mr. Zimmerman has been twice married. 
The first time to Susanna Phlieger, a daughter 
of Frederick Phlieger. His second wife was 
Abigail Heiser, a daughter of George Heiser, 
of Schuylkill Haven, this county, whom he 
married on November 10, 1847. He has a 
family of nine children : Kate M., wife of C. 
W. Wells, an attorney-at-law, residing in New 
York City ; Charles E,, married to Anna Gun- 
der, and now residing in Pottsville, Pennsylva- 
nia, in the employ ^of the Philadelphia and 
Reading railroad; Emma E., at home, a teacher 
and graduate of the Pottsville high school ; 
John H., at home, a contractor and builder, 
the worthy successor of his father; Samuel 
H., married to Sophia Bast and now living in 
Pottsville, connected with the firm of H. Zim- 
merman & Son as foreman; Anna and Mary 
Jane, at home; Carrie and William H. 

John H. Zimmerman, the junior member of 
the firm, is a young man of excellent business 
resources, and has shown himself a very capa- 
ble manager. Through his frank and straight- • 

forward manner, as well as by his undoubted 
integrity, he has succeeded in sustaining the 
reputation of the firm in its many important 
relations. He is a member of the Central 
Republican club, and has shown an intelligent 
interest in behalf of the party of his choice. 

■QL,EXA:NrDBB S. FAUST is a t3T3ical 

"^^ representative of that sturdy German 
class of our citizenship, which, by thrift and 
industry, have pushed themselves to the front. 
He is a son of Samuel and Esther (Shartle) 
Faust, and was born March -30, 1832, in Berne 
township, Berks county, Pennsylvania. His 
ancestors on the paternal side are of Hessian 
stock, having descended from a Hessian sol- 
dier by that name, who , was somewhat con- 
spicuous in the war of the Revolution. His 
father, Samuel Faust, was also a native of 
Berks county, Berne township, and was born 
about the year 1800. He lived in that county 
the greater part of his life, moving to Potts- 
ville, Pennsylvania, in the year 1841, where he 
died in 1865. He was a farmer by occupa- 
tion, which business he followed during about 
two-thirds of his life, but after his location in 
Pottsville, interested himself in merchandising 
and the hotel business. In politics he was a 
supporter of the Democratic party, and in 
religion a member of the Reformed church. 
His family embraced seven children; as follows: 
Sarah, married to Elias Faust, of Pottsville, a 
man of the same name, but not a relative; 
Maria, died unmarried ; Alexander S., subject ; 
Samuel, deceased; August, a tobacconist, 
living in Philadelphia; Lucy, living with' 
Alexander S. ; William Henry, located in the 

Alexander married Catherine Walburn, a 
daughter of Michael Walburn, of Berrysburg, 



Dauphin county, Pennsylvania, on October 5, 
1 856. By this marriage he had a family of 
ten children: Dollie Esther, died young; 
Susan, married to John Reber, of Pottsville, a 
manufacturer of hosiery, mill on corner of 
Third and Norwegian streets ; Catherine, mar- 
ried to Robert Wren, a machinist of Pottsville; 
Charlotte, deceased ; Alexander, deceased ; 
Benjamin, resides at home, a painter by trade ; 
Charles Oscar, at home, a painter and paper 
hanger; Annie S., at home; and Lucy, de- 

M r. Faust was educated in the public schools 
of Pottsville, and learned the trade of paper 
hanger, at which he worked as an apprentice 
four years. He then worked a year as a 
journeyman, when in 1856, he went into the 
business on his own account. This has been 
his permanent and continuous business ever 
since, which has now grown to very creditable 
proportions. Besides his business of painter 
and paper hanger, Mr. Faust engaged for a 
year in the lumber business. 

II'.' started in life almost penniless, but with 
a will and energy that was bound to succeed. 
His succes.s was entirely in his own hands, 
and he was left to fight the battle single- 
handed and alone. His close applicition to 
business, his fidelity to any trust reposed in 
him, and his honest efforts, have since led 
him through to circumstances of comparative 
comfort and case — circumstances that have 
been Will earned. 

In politics Mr. Faust is a democrat, and as 
such was elected treasurer of his county in 
1881. He has also frequently filled other 
minor lity offices with credit and honor. He 
is a member of Pulaski Lodge, No. 216, F. 
and A. M. 

Aside from the above matters of a business 
nature, he is a stockholder and secretary of I 

the Cressona Powder Company, and deals 
somewhat in real estate. 

tor of Trinity Reformed Church, Potts- 
ville, Pennsylvania, was born at Dannersville, 
a small village near Bath, Northampton county, 
Pennsylvania, September 16, 1855. He is the 
youngest son of a family of eight children. 
Though of poor parentage and deprived of his 
father's care at an early age, >et he was sent 
to school from a child and, by his love for 
knowledge, he made fine progress in his 
studies. From childhood he evinced a strong 
inclination for the holy ministry. He was 
often found in a room by himself, attempting 
to conduct a religious service after the fashion 
of the country parson. At the age of twelve 
he and his mother made their home with his 
only brother, the Rev. Abraham Bartholomew, 
at Lehighton, Pennsylvania, who has been a 
faithful minister of the Gosjjel for over thirty 
years. Here he pursued the course of study 
in the Academy and received the preparatory 
training for his future life-work. He also 
taught several terms in the public schools 
with splendid success. 

In the year 1874, agreeably to a growing 
desire in his heart, he entered the Theological 
Seminary of the Reformed Church at 
caster, Pennsylvania. He was the " boy ' of 
the class in age and in knowledge, but he 
soon won the confidence of the professors and 
the affection of his classmates, and, on the day 
of graduation, his thesis on " The BIesse<l- 
ness of Heaven " was received with great favur. 
During his senior year he was sent to supply 
the vacant pulpit of the Reformed Church at 
Hummelstown, Pennsylvania. His s.rmons 
were so highly satisfactory to the (people that 



they made him promise he would accept a call 
as soon as he was licensed to preach. He re- 
ceived his licensure from Lancaster Classis, 
convened in annual session at Manheim, Penn- 
sylvania, May 25, 1877. His ordination to 
the sacred oiifice and his installation as pastpr 
took place at Hummelstown, on June 17, of 
the same year, in the presence of a large con- 
gregation, by a committee, consisting of Revs. 
E. V. Gerhart, D.D., LL.D., President of the 
Theological Seminary at Lancaster, Conrad 
Clever, of Columbia, and George W., Snyder, 
of Harrisburg. He was yery successful in 
his first charge. He did not -feel that his 
work was done when the invitation came from 
his second field of labor, but his older brethren 
in the ministry advised him to accept the 
urgent call from the Swatara charge and locate 
at Jonestown, Lebanon county, Pennsylvania. 
On September 9, 1878, he was united in the 
bonds of matrimony to Miss Maria S., only 
daughter of Mr. Joseph Karch, cashier of the 
Valley National Bank at Lebanon, Pennsyl- 
vania. Their union has been blessed with 
eight children, four of whom are living ; Ruth 
Amelia, Joseph Karch, Mary Hannah and 

On October i, he removed to his new 
charge, where he continued his labors with 
the most gracious results, until the hand of 
Providence led him, in the spring of 1882, 
into his present pastorate. When Rev. Bar- 
tholomew assumed charge of this congrega- 
tion it was in great financial distress, with a ' 
discouraged membership. The first year's 
work laid the foundation for the signal success 
that has since been crowning the labors of his 
ministry. It did not require much time for 
him to impress, not only the people of his 
flock, but also the community, that he was an 
untiring worker, and as a result of his labors 

the membership has more than trebled itself 
The handsome new church that replaces the 
old house of worship is a monument to his 
zeal as well as to the liberality of his people. 
There are few ministers in the country who 
perform the same herculean labors and who 
enjoy a greater popularity than he does. He 
has also won for himself an enviable reputa- 
tion as a lecturer, having constant engage- 
ments in the lecture-field. The newspapers 
everywhere have given flattering notices 
of his ability as a speaker. He preaches 
entirely from manuscript, and yet -few of, his 
hearers are aware of this fact, because he 
possesses the rare gift of reading his lines 
without having to follow his notes. From the 
year 1887- 1890, he was the efficient secretary 
of the Board of Foreign Missions of the Re- 
formed Church in the United States. During 
his time he did much by his voice and pen to 
increase the spirit of liberality among the 
people. He wrote the beautiful book, entitled 
' Won by Prayer " or " The Life and Work of 
Rev. Masayoshi Oshikawa of Japan." It is 
one of these earnest and practical publications 
which should find its way into every Sunday- 
School and Church library. There are few 
men in the Reformed Church who write in a 
more graceful and pleasing style or who enjoy 
a greater celebrity as a public speaker. In 
1890, Franklin and Marshall College conferred 
the honorary degree of Master of Arts upon 
him, and no one deserves it more. He is a 
member of W. C, No. 14, P. O. S. of A., and 
the chaplain of Pulaski Lodge, No. 216, F. 
and A. M. 

JOHN VEITH, mining superintendent of 

the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and 

Iron Company, is a son of John and Margaret 

(Keene) Veith, and was born June 3, 1832, in 



Rhenish Bavaria, Germany. His father was a 
miner by occupation, and a native of the same 
locality mentioned, born in the year 1806, and 
died in 1847. ^^ *"** ^'^^^ *" accidental 
death while driving a tunnel. After his death, 
his wife, the mother of subject, came to Amer- 
ica and resided at Silver Creek, and died at 
Patterson in the winter of 1890. She was the 
mother of eight children ; Christian, John, 
Peter, Valentine, and Mary are still living — 
Valentine in Kansas City, Missouri, and the 
others in Northumberland county, Pennsyl- 

John married Mary Anna Hartmann, a 
daughter of Peter Hartmann, a native of Rhen- 
ish Prussia, whocame to America about theyear 
1848, located first at Pottsville, Pennsylvania, 
and later at Kaska William, in the same county, 
and died in Pottsville in 1891. This marriage 
resulted in the birth of sixteen children, twelve 
of whom are still living: Susan, married to 
Joseph P. Knapp, of Yadesville, Schuylkill 
county ; Mary, married to William T. Coonly, 
an employee of the Philadelphia and Reading 
Coal and Iron Company, as private secretary ; 
Peter, married to Anna Hartmann, and now re- 
siding in Pottsville, in the employ of the Phila- 
delphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company; 
Emma, wife of W. H. Gibson, deceased; John, 
resides at home; Kate, Clara, Callei, Lena, 
Bertha, and Charles. 

Mr. Veith was educated in Germany, and 
emigrated to the United States in 1850. He 
located for^bout five weeks in New York 
City, and on Januaryi7, 185 1, came to Schuyl- 
kill county, Pennsylvania, in which he first lo- 
cated at Ka.ska William, and was employed as 
a miner. He continued to work in the mines 
until 1863, when he became a boss for various 
companies, acting in this capacity for about 
ten years. In 1872, he was employed by the 

Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Com- 
pany, first as superintendent of the North 
Franklin, Nos. i and 2 collieries, for one year, 
and then of the Locust Dale district. This 
latter district comprised nine collieries at that 
time. His superintendency of these works 
extended over a period of three years — from 
1874 to 1877 — at the termination of which he 
received a call to go to Pottsville as the assist- 
ant of William Herman, who was the mine 
inspector for this company. Upon the death 
of Mr. Herman, in March, 1879, Mr. Veith 
was appointed to succeed him. In the year 
1887, the title of the position was changed 
from that of " mine inspector " to that of "min- 
ing superintendent of the Philadelphia and 
Reading Coal and Iron Company." The func- 
tion of this position is the superintendency of 
all the vast mining interests of the Philadel- 
phia and Reading Company in Schuylkill, 
Northumberland, and Columbia counties. It 
requires the most vigilant care and most care- 
ful supervision to keep under the eye the work- 
ings of so vast an enterprise. 

In politics, Mr. Veith was formerly a demo- 
crat. He then changed to Republicanism, and 
again reverted to his original views during the 
Hayes-Tilden Presidential campaign. At pres- 
ent he is not a partisan of any sort, but a voter 
free from the traditional trammels of party en- 
thusiasm. His position might more exactly 
be defined as an independent. He is an active 
member of the German Catholic church. 

j^OLAND C. LUTHER, superintendent of 

^\ the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and 
Iron Company, is a son of Peter D. and Eliza- 
beth (Mills) Luther, and was born in Port Car- 
bon, Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania, Januar>' 
,1846. His American ancestors are direct 



descendants of the great reformer, Martin 
Luther, the first of whom settled in Lancaster 
county, Pennsylvania, in its pioneer age. In 
this county also was born the grandfather of 
Roland, a reputable and skillful physician. 
His son, Roland's father, was also a native of 
Lancaster county, but in 1832 crossed over to 
Schuylkill county and located at Port Carbon. 
He died at Ashland in 188 1, at the age of 

years. His business was that 

of a coal operator, in which line he was pio- 
neer in the anthracite field, and through which 
he acquired quite a competency. He was the 
father of four children, two of whom are still 
living, Walter Scott, a resident of Pough- 
keepsie. New York, chief engineer of the 
Phcenix Horse Shoe company, and Roland C. 
Mr. Luther was educated in the public 
Schools and af the Polytechnic College in 
Philadelphia. After leaving college, he first 
tried his fortune at mine operating, and in 1866 
was employed as clerk of the Locust Gap 
colliery, at that time controlled by his father. 
The year 1867-68 he spent as assistant en- 
gineer in the construction of the Wilmington 
and Northern railroad, extending from Wil- 
mington to Reading. In 1869 he was super- 
intendent of the Kaska William colliery, 
operated also by his father. The next year 
he saw service as engineer with the Philadel- 
phia and Mahanoy Coal Company. The plant 
and coal lands of this company were then 
purchased by the Philadelphia and Reading 
Coal and Iron Company, and he was continued 
in their employ as mining engineer. In June, 
1874, this company purchased large iron ore 
property on the Hudson, near West Point, 
and he was subsequently sent there to super- 
intend operations until his resignation in De- 
cember, 1875. After a short stay in Pottsville, 
Mr. Luther went to the Pacific coast to take 

charge of mining industries situated in south- 
eastern Nevada, for a New York mining com- 
pany, and then became chief engineer of con- 
struction for the Eureka and Colorado Rivet- 
Railroad Company. In 1882, after a large and 
varied experience in civil and mining engineer- 
ing, he returned to Pottsville and was appointed 
mining engineer of the Reading Coal and Iron 
Company, and finally on May i, 1888, became 
general superintendent of the above named 
company. To this position he brought a rare 
knowledge of both theoretical and practical 
engineering, together with a large experience 
and undoubted executive ability. It is this 
that continues to mould successfully the oper- 
ative policy of the company. 

In October, 1874, Mr. Luther was married 
to Theresa Yuengling, daughter of David G. 
Yuengiing of Pottsville, by whom he has two 
children, Roland Y. and Edwin C. In his 
church affiliations he is an Episcopalian. 

/^ENEBAL, JAMES NAGLiE, soldier and 
^^ citizen, was a son of Daniel and Mary 
(Rorig) Nagle, and was born in Reading, 
Pennsylvania, April 5, 1822. Philip Nagle, his 
grandfather, was a native of Reading, where 
he died in 1840, at the age of eighty-four 
years. He was a stone mason by occupation, 
and served in the Revolutionary war as a 
drummer. His son, the father of James, was 
born in 1803, but before he had reached his 
majority removed to Womelsdorf, Berks 
county, and thence to Pine Grove, Schuylkill 
county, in the year 1 8 30. Five years later he 
removed to Pottsville, where he died in 185 1. 
By occupation he was a cabinet maker, in 
connection with which he did painting of 
various kinds. He voted with the Whig party, 
and in religious belief adhered to the doctrines 

C.liS ]AMi;S NAGLE. 



of the Lutheran church. By his marriage, 
eight children were born that grew to maturity, 
three daughters and five sons ; James, Eliza, 
Daniel (see sketch), Ellen, Mary, Philip, Levi 
and Abraham. Philip enlisted in Captain D. 
A. Smiths company, as first lieutenant, for a 
term of three months. This company was 
among the first at Washington, and belonged 
to the troops known as the " First Defenders." 
At the expiration of this term of enlistment, 
he was promoted to the captaincy of company 
G, 48th Pennsylvania volunteer infantry, and 
was stationed at Hatteras Island. He died in 
March, 1 891, at the age of fifty-three years. 
Levi enlisted as a musician in the 48th regi- 
mental band, and after his term of service 
remained in Washington as a clerk in the 
pension bureau. Abraham served in company 
D., 6th Pennsylvania regiment, for 3 months, 
and afterwards in Company D,48th regiment, 
Pennsylvania volunteers, for a term of three 
years. Ik- is now a resilient of Pottsville. 

James, our subject, received his early edu- 
cation in the Reading public schools, but the 
greater p.ut of his etlucation was obtained in 
the .school of e.xpericnce and through con- 
tinued self-effort. He usually worked during 
tlie day and went to school at night. In his 
youth he learned the trade of paper-hanger 
and painter, which he followed throughout 
his active business life, taking his father's 
business after the death of the latter. He 
showed a decided military talent from earliest 
manhood, and became a member and later, a 
captain of a company of Pennsylvania State 
militia. In 1844, he organized the Wash- 
ington artillery, ol which he was captain, and 
left Pottsville on December 5, 1846, to enter 
the Me.vican war. This company was known 
as company B, First Regiment, P. V. I., Col. 
F. M. W) nkoop commanding. During the 

course of the war he took part in the siege of 
\^era Cruz, and at the battle of Cerro Gordo 
acting-major of his regiment. On January 
20, 1847, his command routed a force of 
Guerrillas at Lahoya, and on October 14 and 
19 he took part in engagements at Huaman- 
tla, Puebla, and Atlixco, each of which re- 
sulted in an . overwhelming victor)' for the 
United States troops. Subsequently he en- 
tered the City of Mexico with his regiment in 
the triumphal procession which marked the 
coup d'etat of the Mexican war, and w as finally 
stationed at San Angle until the war formally 
closed. He was mustered out of service with 
his company at Philadelphia, July 27, 184S. 
Upon his return to Pottsville, he was, in 1852. 
elected Sheriff of Schuylkill county, and 
shortly thereafter he was appoinlcl Brigade 
Inspector of I'cnnsylvania, with the rank of 
Colonel. Me remained clo.sely identified with 
the military affairs of the county and state 
until 1861, when, at the beginning of the civil 
war, he was commissioned colonel of the 6th 
Pennsylvania, and ordered out for service, 
taking part in the skirmish at I'alling Water. 
In August, 1861, he organized the 48th 
Pennsylvania regiment, with a view to serving 
three years,' and of which he was commander. 
His regiment did service at Fort Monroe, 
Hatteras Inlet and Xewbern, while at the 
second battle of Bull Run General Nagle com- 
manded with gallantry and judgment the ist 
brigade, second division of the 9th armj- corps. 
Soon after this battle he was recommended 
for promotion by General Reno, and was sub- 
sequently commissioned by President Lincoln 
as brigadier general. In this capacity he 
commanded at the battles of Chantilla, South 
Mountain and Antietam, in each of which en- 
gagements his brigade bore itself with credit 
and distinction. At Antietam his command 



took an important part in carrying the Antie- 
tam Bridge, which was considered by General 
McClellan as the one event that saved the 
day. For this service General Nagle received 
the highest compliments. At Annisville and 
Fredericksburg his brigade was in the thickest 
of the fight and sustained heavy losses in both 
killed and wounded. From this time until 
1863, General Nagle was ordered into Ken- 
tucky, and in consequence of heart disease 
was compelled to resign his command much 
to the regret of his men and General Sturgis, 
who was in chief authority. While at home, 
rest and absence from the excitement and 
arduous duty of war soon acted as a restora- 
tive, and his general health improved to such 
an extent that when General Lee began his 
invasion of Pennsylvania, he organized the 
39th/ regiment Pennsylvania militia for the 
emergency, and was placed in command. The 
troops were mustered out, however, August 
2, 1863, and in the next year he organized 
the 194th Pennsylvania for a one hundred day 
service, was commissioned commanding colo- 
nel July 21, 1864, and ordered to Baltimore, 
Maryland, where he was placed in command 
of eight thousand troops at Monkin's Woods, 
to guard the approach of the city. On Novem- 
ber 5, 1864, he was finally dismissed, and on 
August 23, 1866, died of heart disease at his 
home in Pottsville, Pennsylvania. 

General Nagle was married to Elizabeth, a 
daughter of John and Catharine Kaercher of 
Pottsville, December 15, 1852. To them have 
been born nine children, seven of whom grew 
to maturity : Emma, wife of James Bowen, 
superintendent of the Pottsville Gas Works ; 
James W., married to Josephine Hutchinson, 
and at present advertising agent for the Phila- 
delphia Inquirer; John D., secretary and 
treasurer of the Textile Record, Philadelphia, 

married to Mary Crosland; Laura, wife of 
John Dooley, late conductor on Philadelphia 
and Reading railroad, both deceased ; Majcus 
H., married to Sallie Helms of Pottsville; 
Frank L., of Boston, Mass., connected with 
the Textile Record of Philadelphia, and princi- 
pal agent, married to Laura Rosengarten, of 
Pottsville, Pa. ; Kate A., wife of Lincoln 
Philips, a jeweler of Jamestown, New York. 

In politics. General Nagle in the earlier part 
of his life aligned himself with the Whig party, 
but upon the organization of the Republican 
party transferred his allegiance to that party. 
At the time of his death he was a member of 
the borough council of Pottsville. He held 
membership in the Lutheran church. 

General Nagle was pre-eminently a military 
man, and a patriot. His life was permeated 
with a military spirit, and in this respect 
broadened him into a loyal and devoted citi- 
zen. After his return from the Mexican war, 
the citizens of Schuylkill county, in token of 
his eminent services and the goodwill they 
bore him, presented him with a valuable sword. 
He is still remembered by a large number of 
his fellow-townsmen, and occupies a generous 
place in their hearts. 

^OLONEIi DANIEL, NAGLE, brother of 
General James Nagle (see sketch), was 
born in Womelsdorf, Berks county, Pennsyl- 
vania, April I, 1828. He was educated in the 
public schools of Pottsville, Pennsylvania, 
whither his father had removed, and learned 
the painting and paper-hanging trade with his 
father. This he continued until the year 
1846, when he enlisted on December 5, in 
company B. (his brother's company), first 
regiment, Pennsylvania volunteers, Colonel 
F. M. Wynkoop, commanding. He origin- 



ally enlisted as a drummer, but carried a 
musket through the siege of Vera Cruz, At- 
lixco, Huamantla, Natural Bridge, Lahoyah 
Pass ; was in the battle of Cerro Gordo, and 
on the march to Pueblo, and then returned to 
headquarters at Perode Castle. At this junc- 
ture, he was compelled to return home on 
account of some imperative business and 
family affairs ; not, however, until the city of 
Mexico had been taken and hostilities ceased. 
He received his discharge at Perode Castle, 
Mexico, October 30, 1847. 

During this service he won the esteem and 
regard of his officers, and in the engagements 
in which he carried a musket he bore him- 
self bravely and firmly until he was called 
home, much to the regret of Colonel F. M. 
Wynkoop, commander of the department. 

After his return, he resumed his former 
business, which he continued until the be- 
ginning of the civil war. When this conflict 
began he laid aside the duties of a civilian, and 
enlisted on April 18, 1861, at Pottsville, in 
Captain Tower's company as a private. Upon 
their arrival at Harrisburg, however, he was 
appointed second lieutenant. The company 
having more than the legal number of men, 
was then divided and two companies formed, 
to the captaincy of one of which the subject 
was elected. This Nagle Guard of Potts- 
ville was company D, sixth regiment, under 
the command of Colonel James Nagle. Dur- 
ing the first three months he served in the 
Cumberland Valley and took part in the 
skirmishes of that campaign. After the re- 
organization of the forty-eighth Pennsylvania 
rc^'iment by Colonel Nagle, his brother, he wa: 
elected captain of company D, of that 
ment. He first proceeded to Fortress M 
Virginia, under General Wool, and from tf cnce''^'"?lf*6cat»d 
to Hatteras Inlet, North Carolina, whereM^y" — Maoa 

NT:'- J. 

relieved an Indiana regiment, there garrisoned, 
until General Bumside organized an army 
corps. He then took part in the capture and 
reduction of Newbern, having some time prior 
been promoted to the rank of major of his 
regiment. The troops remained here until 
General McClellan arrived in front of Rich- 
mond, when they were ordered to reinforce 
him. Before they reached him hostilities had 
ceased, and his command was stationed at 
Newport News, where he resigned in July, 
1862, and returned home on account of sick- 
ness and death in his family. During the 
invasion of Pennsylvania by General Lee, he 
re-enlisted in September, 1862, and was com- 
missioned lieutenant-colonel of the nineteenth 
emergency regiment. He was out two weeks 
in service, when he was appointed by Gover- 
nor Curtin as colonel of the 173d regiment 
drafted militia. In this capacity he served 
the full time of nine months. His command 
was first ordered to Norfolk, Virginia, where 
it was used to guard the approaches to the 
city which approaches were Kempville, In- 
trenched Lines, Sewell's Point, Indian Pole 
Bridge, Great Bridge, Cape Henry Light- 
house, Fort Norfolk and Tanners' Creek. 
Their headquarters were at Camp Viele. In 
May, 1863, he was ordered to Norfolk to re- 
lieve a Wisconsin regiment, and then per- 
formed provost duty in the city and suburbs. 
July 10, 1863, he received orders from 
General Viele to report to General Meade at 
Gettysburg, but he met General Meade at 
Boonsboro, Md., who in turn sent him to the 
eleventh army corps under charge of General 
Howard. His regiment reached the 
corps at Berlin, and was assigned 
in Virginia on the Orange and 
a railway, with headquarters at 
Junction. While stationed here he 



guarded this road from Broad Run to Manassas 
Junction. He was stationed at Kettle Run 
and other points until August i8, 1863, when 
he was discharged from further duty, by 
reason of his term of service having expired. 
After his return to Schuylkill county. Col. 
Nagle became a coal agent for a short time 
and then engaged in the flouring business for 
a few years. In 1876, he retired from that 
line of work, and returned to his original 
business of painting and paper-hanging. 

He is a prominent member of Pulaski Lodge, 
No. 216, F. and A. M., and of the Mexican 
Veteran Association. Religiously, he is in 
faith a Lutheran. Colonel Nagle has always 
been a republican in politics, and at the break- 
ing out of the civil war was a member of the 
borough council, which office he filled until the 
expiration of his first three months' service, 
but resigned on account of re-enlistment. 

On July 6, 1848, he was united in marriage 
with Hannah, a daughter of John Kantner, of 
Pottsville, Pennsylvania. Their union was 
blessed with eight children, five of whom are 
now living : Edwin Seculas, married Nellie 
Sicerott, and is chief clerk for Riley & 
Company, importers of machinery of Boston, 
Massachusetts ; Daniel Winfield, married Va- 
leria Koons, and is the head bookkeeper in 
the Lutheran Publication House, of Phila- 
delphia ; Millard Fillmore, married Jennie 
Meek, and is a member of the firm of Meek 
& Nagle, general lumber and coal merchants 
of Shamokin, Pa. ; Harry Clay, married Katie 
Sterner, and is a clerk in the Lutheran Publi- 
cation House, of Philadelphia; and George 
W., at home. Mrs. Nagle died January 8, 
1877, aged forty-six years. He again mar- 
ried on July 20, 1880, to Rebecca Loose, of 
Pottsville, Pennsylvania, daughter of Joseph 
Muthart, of Berks county, Pennsylvania. 

TEREMIAH F. BAST, the proprietor and 
founder of the Royal Knitting Mills at 
Schuylkill Haven, is a son of Henry and 
Esther (Focht) Bast, and was born October 
13, 1841, in Rockland, Berks county, Penn- 

Henry Bast was born in Berks county in 
1 8 1 8, and came to this county in 1 85 1 , locating 
on a farm near Schuylkill Haven, where he 
lived until 1879, engaged in carpentering and 
contracting. In 1879 ^^^^ work became too 
arduous for a man of his age, and seeking a 
lighter vocation he went to Pottsville, and 
engaged in the grocery business until his 
death. May 18, 1892. Politically, he was in 
his earlier years a democrat, but being a tem- 
perate man, and fully realizing the magnitude 
of the evils of intemperance, he espoused the 
principles and doctrines of the Prohibition 
party. He was a consistent member of the 
Evangelical church. By his marriage to 
Esther Focht he had a family of four boys 
and three girls. 

Jeremiah F. Bast had a very limited educa- 
tion in the common schools ; at the age of 
seventeen years he learned the trade of car- 
penter with his father, at which trade he 
worked twenty-eight years for the Philadelphia 
and Reading Railroad Company, a part of the 
time as foreman. While in the employ of this 
company Mr. Bast started a dairy business, 
for the purpose of giving his sons, then 
merging into manhood, something to do. This 
business was successfully carried on by them 
for a term of eleven years. 

In 1889 Mr. Bast built his present factory, 
and equipped it with the latest and "most 
improved machinery for the manufacture of 
cotton, woolen, worsted and silk goods, but at 
the present time his factory is devoted to the 
manufacture of ladies' cotton underwear. His 



plant includes the following machinery: ten 
body frames, nine sleevers, five crochet ma- 
chines, four shell machines, four sewing 
machines, two trimmers, two zigzag machines, 
one button-hole machine, four loopers and two 
winders, giving employment to forty-five hands. 
It is kept busy all the time, a part of the time 
running double turns. 

In politics Mr. Bast is a republican, and has 
served as a member of the council and school 
board of his borough. He is an active worker 
and a liberal supporter of the Evangelical 
church, holding the offices of steward, trustee 
and treasurer of that church in Schuylkill 

Mr. Bast has been twice married. His first 
marriage was December 31, 1 861, with Susanna 
Krames, who died October lO, 1862, and was 
blessed with one child, Alice, now dead. His 
second marriage was on June 6, 1865, to Sarah 
Reber, and the result of this marriage is a 
family of seven boys, all living : Walter M., 
Harry E., Samuel I., Oscar O., George E., 
Thomas F. and Homer J. 

fTLFRED M. MILL£R, of the firm of 
Eisenhuth & Miller, shoe manufacturers, 
of Orwigsburg, Schuylkill county, Pennsyl- 
vania, is a son of Nathaniel and Mary (Greena- 
wald) Miller, and was born in Albany town- 
ship, Berks county, Pennsylvania, March 28, 
1866. y 

Nathaniel Miller was born in Albany town- 
thip, Berks county, in 1834, but came in 1867 
to Schuylkill county, locating in Orwigsburg, 
and was engaged for a number of years in 
operating a stage line between Orwigsburg and 
l^ndint,'villc, but abandoned that and went 
into the green grocery business, which he 
followed the remainder of his active life. His 

■ death occurred September 2, 1873. He was a 
' whig formerly, but a republican from the or- 
ganization of that party. He was a consistent 
member of the Reformed church. He married 
Mary Greenawald, a daughter of Jacob Green- 
awald,and had the following children : George, 
dead; Herman G., who resides in Summerville, 
South Carolina, a photographer; Alfred M., 
and Annie E. 
I Mr. Miller spent very little of his time in 
school. His father died when he was young, 
and it devolved upon him to help to support 
the family; so at the early age of eleven years 
i he took a position in the Orwigsburg shoe fac- 
I tory, growing up in that business. He re- 
I mained with that firm six years, and accepted 
the position of second cutter in the shoe factory 
of A. E. Brown & Co., of Orwigsburg, and at 
the end of three months took the responsible 
[ position of first cutter in that well-known 
j house. This position he held until he resigned 
j in 1892, to go into business on his own ac- 
I count. At this time Mr. Brown recom- 
mended him as being the most reliable em- 
I ployee employed by that firm for eight years, 
1 missing the working hour but once, and losing 
but one day, and that because of a funeral. 
The position of cutter in a shoe manufacturing 
establishment is a very important and respon- 
sible position, and the highot testimony as to 
Mr. Miller's eflRciency and trustworthiness is to 
be found in his long-contined service with 
that firm ; they showed still further their csti 
mate of him by entrusting a larger part of the 
buying to his judgment, with which experi- 
ence he gained the reputation of being a very 
careful and shrewd buyer. The firm of 
Eisenhuth & Miller, consisting of Andrew 
C. Eisenhuth and Mr. Miller, was organized in 
November, 189 1. They went about their 
work with the same energ)- and push that has 



ever been their characteristics. They broke 
ground for their factory on November 9, 1891, 
and on January 9, 1892, just two months 
later, the first pair of shoes was finished. The 
factory is a neatly appointed wooden struc- 
ture sixty feet long by forty feet wide, and 
gives employment to forty hands, including 
six traveling salesmen, and is devoted to 
the manufacture of children's and infants' 
shoes. Their product finds a ready market 
throughout the middle Atlantic and western 

Mr. Miller is a republican in political warp 
and woof, and a member of St. John's Re- 
formed church. He belongs to Grace Lodge, 
No. 157, I.O.O.F. 

Mr. Miller is young man of promise, who, 
through close economy and steady application 
to whatever line he has undertaken, has, 
though comparatively a young man, risen to 
a prominent position in one of the substantial 
and prosperous shoe factories of Orwigsburg, 
the shoe town of Schgylkill county. 

the scholarly priest in charge of the 
Annunciation Roman Catholic church of 
Shenandoah, Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania, 
is a native of Ireland. During his early life, 
through strong religious convictions, Father 
O'Reilly was induced to prepare himself for 
the duties of the priesthood and the sacred 
service of the Holy Mother church. His 
classical education was received in his native 
country, after the completion of which he set 
sail for the United States, and landed in New 
York city, April 26, 1863. His philosophical 
and theological education was obtained at 
St. Charles' Seminary, Philadelphia. 

His first charge ^fter his ordination was 

at Susquehanna, Susquehanna county, Penn- 
sylvania, and then at Kellyville, Delaware 
county, in the same state, at both of which 
places he did conscientious and self-denying 
religious work. Shortly after this he was sent 
to St. Francis' church, Philadelphia, where he 
remained until July, 1 870, at which time he 
was transferred to Shenandoah, this county. 
At Shenandoah he was the pioneer priest and 
met with many diiificulties and discouraging 
circumstances in the upbuilding of his parish. 
The town at that time was small, the facilities 
for external worship very meager, but hope and 
zeal ever burned upon the altar of his heart, 
and out of the material tribulations came the 
victory of faith and the spirit. In his efforts 
to build a new house of worship, he from time 
to time received substantial encouragement, 
and the year 1 872 witnessed the laying of the 
corner stone of the handsome structure that 
now lifts its gilded cross heavenward. The 
religious progress of the church under Father 
O'Reilly was carried on pari passu with the 
material, and from a comparatively small be- 
ginning, the number has reached about three 
thousand souls. 

Father O'Reilly has been an indefatigable 
worker in his chosen field — a man of energy, 
strong individuality, zealous and of fine pres- 
ence. He is a good organizer, possesses rare 
executive ability, and above all a spiritual 
force and sympathy that make for God and 
righteousness. He is popular with his congre- 
gation and uniformly loved and respected by 
the best of citizens of Shenandoah. 

As a valuable auxiliary to his church work, 
he has established a catechetical school for the 
instruction of young people in the doctrines 
of the church, and in the history and unique 
character of the Christian religion. 



C C. SPALDING, M. D., the oldest prac- 
^^* titioner of Shenandoah, Schuylkill 
county, Pennsylv