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Reprinted mth the pennisuon of The Royal Ifiatorical Society 

1 1 1 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10003 Berkeley Square House. London, W.l 

Series No. I, 69 

First reprinting, 1968, Johnson Reprint Corporation 
Printed in the United States of America 


FOR THE YEAR 1857-8. 



JOHN BRUCE, ESQ. V.P.S.A. Director. 






THOMAS W. KING, ESQ. F.S.A., York Herald. 





WILLIAM J. THOMS, ESQ. F.S.A. Secretary. 



The Corvcii. of ike C 
flood tkaft tliej ire not 
tiom tkaft maj appear m the 

it to be 

ttuvenble fer 



Preface vii 

Introduction i 

Notes and Illustrations Izii 

I. Inquisitio Manerionim Capituli Ecclesiaa S. Pauli 

I^ndin. ad 1222 1—107 

A transcript of Book K. preeenred in the ftrohiTW of the 
Cathedral, legibly inscribed on the outside cover 
*• Domesdeye.** 

II. A fragment of the Domesday of Ralph de Diceto, a.d. 

1181 109—117 

From the Rawlinson MSS. in the Bodleian Library, B. 852. 

III. A Rental of Lands in the Manors of Beauchamp, a d. 

1240 118—121 

From Book L. fol. 148, 144. 

IV. Leases of Manors belonging to the Chapter of St. Paul's 

during the Twelfth Century 122—189 

From Book L. fol. 82-88, 41.46. 

V. Inquisitio Maneriocum Capituli Ecclesiaa S. Pauli Lond. 

A.D. 1161 140 — 152 

From Book L. fol. 77, 78, 81, 82. 

VI. Articuli Visitationis Maneriorum Capituli S. Pauli, . 153*— 160* 

1. Giroa 1290, from Book I. fol. 78. 

2. Circa 1820, from StatuU Bfijora, foL 90-92. 

VII. Compotus Maneriorum et Firmarum Ecclesiaa S. Pauli, 

circa a.d. 1300 153—164 

From StatntaMaJora, fol. 40-42. 

yill. Redditus Firmarum et Compotus Bracini S. Pauli 

London, a.d. 1283 and 1286 .... 164*— 175 

From Book I. foL 1-4. 


So many years have passed, since the first sheets of this 
volume were committed to the press, that the Editor is 
bound to acknowledge with thankfulness the patience with 
which the Members of the Camden Society have awaited 
I its completion. His apology for the delay ^viU he found, 
I not only in public and private duties which allowed him 
little leisure, but also in the fact, which he has mentioned 
in the " Introduction," that the work assumed a character 
materially different from that which was contemplated, 
t when he engaged to edit for the Society " The Domesday 
I of St. Paul's of the year 1222." The pledge then given 
would have been redeemed by a brief account of that 
Manuscript, a catalogue of names and places, and of its 
general contents. But when other documents were added 
by way of Appendix to the Domesday, which showed the 
relation of the manors to the cathedral as a landed 
. estate, held to farm by its own members, and occupied 
t by a tenantry according to the general custom of the age, 
it was evident, that the materials, which were thus col- 
lected, belonged not to Church history in particiilar, hut 
were illustrative of the general history of the Landed 



proprietary of England, as well as of the condition of 
those classes who were occupied in the cultivation of the 
soil. The work was no longer limited to one period, the 
early part of the thirteenth century, but comprised within 
it a documentary history of the Manorial property of the 
Cathedral, of its tenures and leases, and of the receipt and 
expenditure of the income derived from it during a period 
of 150 years, from the middle of the twelfth to the end of 
the thirteenth century. The more carefully the Editor 
applied himself to the study of each document, as he 
compared it with others of an earlier or later period, the 
wider was the field of inquiry which was opened to him, 
and the more interesting was the result, as the conclusion 
was pressed upon him, that the contents of this volume 
form a link in the connexion between Anglo-Saxon and 
Anglo-Norman society, enabling us to trace back to cen- 
turies prior to the Conquest some of the features, by which 
agricultural tenures in England continued to be distin- 
guished, as late as the end of the fourteenth century. 

The Editor has no reason to look back with regret 
upon the hours which he has spent in the study and 
illustration of this collection of documents, much less 
to account them as misemployed. The contemplation 
of the peculiar character of society in a remote age, 
and the discovering how it agrees with, or differs from, 
that in which we ourselves are placed, must always be 
instructive to him who believes, that the varied condition 
of mankind, in every age and country, is as truly the 

work of the Providence of God, as the creation and gene- 
ration of man is a proof of His power. It is the aim of 
antiquarian study, to learn the history not so much of 
individuals as of man, to develop the acts and habits of 
nations, to describe the phases of society, and to note the 
different conditions, political, social, moral, and relig:ious, 
under which the human race has prolonged its existence, 
rrom the knowledge of antiquity the historian derives 
the light, which lightens the dark places in the vista of 
the past. It is this knowledge, which has the telescopic 
power of overcoming the distance of time, and of enabling 
[ us to see with distinctness, and to take an enlarged view, 
not only of what men have accomplished in past ages, 
' but also of all that God has done in the world, and how 
' he has made himself known to man; and, though some 
' persons may account antiquarian study useless, because 
the practice of the past may not, as they think, furnish 
t us with the knowledge which is now needed, or because 
the experience of former times is inapplicable to our 
I own, there may be still much that is edifying and in- 
structive in these pursuits, and which may conduce to 
individual, if not to public good. Antiquity may teach 
the personal lesson of humility to the ablest lawyer, or 
1 statesman, or divine; for if candidly studied it will show, 
' that our forefathers were in their age, and under their 
circumstances, as wise, and prudent, and learned as we 
are in our own, and that, however inferior they might be 
to ourselves in respect of physical science, yet in acute- 

CAUD. soc. b 

ness of perception, in strength of intellect, in the power 
of disputation, and in the application and adjustment of 
fixed principles of jurispruduuce, there are few persons 
in this age, who are not surpassed by the lawyers and 
divines of ancient times. 

These remarks upon the general advantage of anti- 
quarian study having been premised, the Editor would 
apprise the reader of the particular conclusions, which he 
has drawn from the study of the documents here printed, 
and which he has endeavoured to a certain extent to 
embody in the Introduction, and which are these : that 
the Manorial system of England is of purely Anglo- 
Saxon origin ; that the great mass of the population 
was bound to their lords by civil rather than by military 
service ; that in the local customs of the Manors may be 
discovered the nature of the cultivation of the country, 
the different orders of society, and the relation in which 
they stood to each other ; that one system of juris- 
prudence prevailed, which owed its origin, not to the 
will of the sovereign, but to the adjustment of rights 
acknowledged to exist between man and man ; and that 
if the existence of law, and of right, and of well-defined 
duties is an evidence of civilisation, it may be fairly 
questioned, whether after the cessation of the Roman 
power and during the establishment of the Anglo-Saxon 
dominion England was ever inhabited by a barbarous 
and lawless people. 

The Editor has had it in his power to examine only 

V " 





few documents belonging to other Cathedrals or to 
Monastic bodies ; he baa, however, seen enough to con- 
vince Mm, tbtit many Lieger-books and Chartularies still 
exist, in which there are very complete records of the 
landed property of the Cathedral or Monastery, and which 
would throw still clearer light upon the character of the 
agricultural population, and the internal condition of 
the country. 

With respect to the annotations and illustrations of the 
documents in this collection, the Editor has to observe, 
that they have taken the form commonly used in editing 
classical authors. It is supposed that the reader has 
the work before him, and that facts are stated, or words 
occur, which can he illustrated by contemporary history, 
■IW by philological research. In attempting in such cases 
to fulfll the wishes, or to meet the wants, of the reader, 
eonjeetiire must occasionally take the place of certain in- 
formation. The Editor has however rarely had recourse 
conjecture without stating his grounds ; and, if he 

Lould have fallen into error, be will be glad to be 
instructed by those who are better informed. 

There is yet one duty which the Editor has to perform 
for the satisfaction of the reader — that of describing 

le form and character of the manuscripts now for the 

■st time printed. 

It being convenient to take notice of them in an order 
different from that in which they are placed in this volume, 
■the Editor will first address the attention of the reader 

to the fragment of the Domesday of Radulphus de 
Diceto, which is placed second in order, and is printed 
at page 109. 

This manuscript is preserved in the Bodleian Library 
(Rawlinson, B. 372). The Editor is indebted for the 
transcript of it to his friend the Rev. H. O. Cox, the 
under-librarian. It consists of only two leaves, written 
in double column, upon a larger page and in a 
larger hand than the Domesday of 1222, but in the 
same character. It is probably a fragment of the Book 
B, belonging to St. Paul's, which will be found de- 
scribed below as the Great Register of Radulphus de 

Four hooks now preserved in the archives of St. Paul's 
have supplied the other documents in this volume. It 
will facilitate the description of them to notice. First, 
" The Statuta Majora," from which has been extracted the 
Compotus Maneriorum et Firmarum, printed at p. 164. 
This is a folio volume of the time of Dean Baudake, in 
the early part of the fourteenth century ; its title distin- 
guishes it from the Statuta Minora, as being a larger 
volume, and written in a larger hand, the contents of both 
being nearly the same. The other three books are those 
known as Book K, Book I, and Book L, the letters by 
which they are distinguished being those which they 
bear in Dean Lyseux's Catalogue of the Cartae and 
Books of the Catliedi'al, now remaining in the archives, 
which is a book of 144 leaves, the capital letters of which 


are rubricated, and of which the following account is given 
in the heading of the first page : — 

" Tabula extracta de Evidentiis in Thesauraria Sci 
Pauli London, per Magistrum Thomam Lyseux Decanum, 
Anno domini l-li?. Et nota, quod litera alphabeti signi- 
ficat armariolum signatum exterius cum tali litera, et 
Humerus sequens significat cofinum vel pixidem signatum 
cum tali litera et tali numero," 

The former part of the volume is a Catalogue of the 
Carta;, as deposited originally in the "Armariola," book- 
cases, chests, or boxes. Some thousands of these Carts 
ere still preserved. The latter part of the volume con- 
tains a list of the Books, sixteen in number ; thirteen 
lettered A to N ; one lettered A B ; the remaining two 
being the Liber Goodman, and one, not then lettered. 
Of these books four only now remain in the Cathedral, 
A (the Liber Pilosus), K, I, and L. Of these latter three 
the following is a particular account: of the remainder 
more is not known, than is contained in the description of 
them from Lyseux's Catalogue, as given in the table below. 

Book K. 

This book is printed entire in this volume, as tiio 
I Domesday of St. Paul's. It is a thin folio volume, and 
I has its contents thus described in Dean Lyseux's Cata- 
I logue, " Tabula Registri de Visitatione Maneriorum per 


B/obertum Decanum, anno domini 
cooperti Rubio Corio, Secundo folio, * Laurentius 
filius E/oberti,' signati cum litera K." It is in 
the original binding of red leather here men- 
tioned, and it has the words, " Laurentius filius 
Roberti" on the top of the second folio, as here de- 
scribed. The number offolios is twenty-seven. The 
original MS. is written in double columns. Each 
column forms a page in this volume, and every 
line of the page corresponds with the line of the 
column. The manuscript is remarkable, as hav- 
ing the folios numbered with Arabic numerals, 
written originally from right to left, as in the 
margin ; the numbers being afterwards struck 
out, and a fresh series written in nearly the same 
character, but in the English order, from left to 

On the outside of the book is the letter K, 
and an inscription which has been erased, but in which 
the word Domesday is legible. 

Book L. 

This is a most interesting volume. It is thus described 
in Lyseux's Catalogue : — " Contenta in quodam antique 
et notabili Registro, de tempore Wiiri Conquestoris, 
clause cum uno nodulo in medio, 2** folio in Rubrica 
* Privilegium,* signatus cum litera L.'* The book in 

its present state answers in every respect to the descrip- 
tion, except that the nodulus, or button, by which it 
I was fastened has been taken away. The word " Privi- 
legium" is found rubricated on the second folio. No 
part of it will bear out the statement of its very early 
date, but the first twenty-six folios; the remainder of the 
I book is of the latter part of the twelfth and thirteenth 
' centuries. The folios between 66 and 77 are two fasciculi 
inserted, 57 to 68 being larger, and 69 to 76 being 
smaller, than the original volume, and both of them 
written in the fourteenth century. 

The portions of this volume printed in this collection, 

1. The Leases of Manors in the Twelfth Century, 
■ fol. 32, 38, 41, 4>6. 

2. The Inquisition of Manors and Churches in 1181, 
fol. 77, 78, 81, 82. 

2. The Rental of Lands in the Manor of Belchamp in 
' 1240, fol. 113, 143. 

Book I. 
This book is a thick volume of 180 folios, and is thus 
described : " Tabula Begistri de visitatione ecclesiarum, 
maneriorum, omamentorum, et omnium existentium in 
thesauraria, et omnium Cantariorum et Altarium, signati 
eum iitera I. 2" folio ' quarterio Arch.' " The Editor has 
availed himself of his reading in this book to illustrate 
the Dotnesday of 1222. The only parts of it, which are 


printed in this collection, are the ** Bedditus Eirmarum 
et Compotus Bracini," and the "Articuli Visitationis 
Maneriorum, circa 1290." The contents of the whole 
Tolume are various and interesting. 

Books belonging to St. Pac7L*s in 1447, with the Headings of the Tables 
of Contents, as found in Dean Ltseux's Catalogue, now in the 
Akchives of the Cathedral. 

The Books marked thus * are now remaining in the poeseauon of the Ch^ter. 

A*. Tabula Contentorum in Libro piloso, 2® folio niunerato in Rubrica 
'' Quod terrse Episcopi Mauricii,*' et signatur cum litera A. 

B. Tabula Contentorum in majori Kegistro de Diceto Decani signato 

cum litera B. ij. folio in rubrica post tabulam, '< Isti sunt cotarii." 
Anno domini 1181. 

C. Tabula Contentorum in minori R^istro Radulfi de Diceto Cooperto 

albo corio in asseribus signato cum littera C. ij. folio libri 
'^ Alluredus Sellarius,*^ in litera textuali per totum A** dni 1181. 

D. Tabula Contentorum in Registro Clauso cum duobus nodulis sive 

fibulis signato cum littera D. ij . folio '< et eos ibidem." 
£. Tabula Contentorum in libro plicato signato cum litera E. de visi- 
tAtione Roberti Decani. 2** folio " temporibus processi," anno domini 

F. Tabula Contentorum in Registro Radulfi de Diceto, Ingelthorp, 

Rogeri Lejgham, Henrici et Roberti Decanorum. 2^ folio signatur 
cum litera F. " Tractatu non modico.'* 

G. Tabula Contentorum in libro de placitis et brevibus, signatur cum 

litera G. 2* folio « Domino Regi." 

* A manifSMt error of the acribe. The fint Dean whose name was Robert, was Robert 
de Watlbrd, in 1222. 

PREFACE. an>tt 

H. Tabula Begistri vocati Domusdej Regis, 2^ folio '' It'm in prima 

parte," signati cum litera H. 
I*. Tabula Registri de visitatione ecclesiarum, maneriorum, oma- 

mentorum, et omnium existentium in thesaurana, et omniiun 

Gantariorum et Altarium signati ciun litera I. 2*" folio ** quarterio 

K*. Tabula Registri de Visitatione Maneriorum per Robertum Decanum, 

anno domini m.cgjuui. cooperti Rubio Corio, Secundo folio 

'' Laurentius filius Roberti,** signati ciun litera E. 
L*. Ck)ntenta in quodam antiquo et notabili Registro de tempore 

Willi' Conquestoris, olauso cum uno nodulo in medio, 2** folio 

in Rubrica '' Privilegium/' signatus cum litera L. 
Goodman.* Extracta de Registro Magistri Willielmi Groodman Registrarii 

Decani et Capituli SVi Pauli quod incipit ab anno 1411. 
M. Contenta in Libro M. Inprimis de absentia canonicorum per 

estatem usque in vigiUam Michaelis, foL 1 6. 
N. Ck)ntenta in Libro N. Inprimis de admissione vicariorum per 

literam decani et capituli, fol. 89. 
A B. Contenta in Registro A B. Inprimis de c^Uatione Cantariae Ads de 

Basing in Aldermanbury, fol. j®. 
A book without a letter. Inprimis de Absolutione exconmiunicati 

pro levi injectione in presbiterum, fol. 15. 

CAMD. 80G. 

appear from the Table of Contents, that the present volume 
I collcctloD of documents whkh, with one exception, are still 
preserved in the Archives of the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's, Loudon, 
and which exhibit the nature and enteiit of the Manorial property belonging 
. to that body in the l:ith and 13th centuries. The volume has, therefore, 
I uiiUDicd a character materially different from that contemplated by the 
Editor, when the Council of the Camden Society kindly accepted his offer 
to superintend the publication of ihc document, which stands foremost iu 
this coUtictiou, being " A Domesday of St Paul's," or, as it is otherwise 
entitled, "An Inquisition of the Manors of the Chapter of St. Paul's, in 
the year 12:^2," and which had escaped the notice of the former historians ' 
of the Cathedral, Dugdale and Newcourt For this change no apology is 
perhaps necessary ; for, though students of English history, and espe- 
cially those who are conversant with the contents of the Exchequer 
Domesday, would have highly prized such a document as the St, Paul's 
Domesduy, though printed alone, the Editor was unwilling to lose the 
opportunity, which was so liberally concedtd to him by the Camden Society, 
of adding to the " Domesday of St. Paul's'' those documents of an earlier, 
as well as a later period, which he had found among the records of the 
Cathedral, which might throw still greater light upon the nature of Manorial 
property, by exhibiting the relation which existed between the Chapter as 
Lords of the manors, and the Firmarii, their Lessees ; the profit which, in 
the way of rent and of produce, accrued to the Chapter from their manora ; 
the method in which it was paid ; and the distribution of it amongst the 
members of the Cathedral. 

The Manors, the historj' of which, as part of the possessions of the 

CAMI>. SOC. b 


\ in the county of Herts. 

n the county of Essex. 

Chapter of St. Paul's, is lUuBtrated by the contents of this Tolume, i 
as follows : — 

Kadenden, Kenesworth, Sandun, Luflen- 

hale, Erdeley, 
Beauchamp, Wicham, AduWeanasa, Tid- 
wolditun, Tiltingham, Barling, Runwell, 
Norton, Naatot, Chingeford, 
Sutton and Drayton, in Middlesex. 
Bemes, in Surrey. 

The order in which tbey are thus arranged, is that in which they stand 
in the Domesday of St. Paul's, of 1222, and in which they were viuted, 
iu the progress made that year (being the second year otter the translatioo 
of Saint Thomas of Canterbury, see p. 35) by Robert de Watford, the 
Dean, and Henry de Cornhill, the Chancellor of the church. 

The Records of the Cathedral exhibit do conclusive evidence as to tiw 
time or the circumstances under which either the Chapter as a body, or the 
Prebendaries as individuals, became possessed corporately and individually 
of their lands and manors. The Cathedral has indeed been supposed to 
possess charters of Anglo-Saxon Icings, j^thelberht, Athelstan, Eadgar, and 
Eadward, ranging from the 7th to the 11 th century, granting to the 
Cathedral divers lands and liberties attached thereto. These charters are 
Nos. 962, 1126, 1127. 1259, and 913, in that most valuable work the 
Codex Diplomaticus of Mr. Kemble. The lands thus said to have been 
granted can be traced in the Exchequer Domesday, as belonging to the 
Cathedral at the time of the Conquest, and it does not appear that any 
addition was made to them at any subsequent period. This circumstance 
does not invalidate the charge of spuriousness, which has been adduced 
against those charters. Two inferences, however, may fairly be drawn 
from it — first, that at the time of their fabrication the liberties mentioned 
in them as emanating from the bounty of the early kings did exist and were 
possessed by the church, as therein indicated ; and secondly, that when 
these grants were produced as genuine, the possessions and liberties 
mentioned in them had belonged to the church for so long a period, that 
such documents might well be used, to account for what had already 
become prescriptive by time and usage, and to confirm the tradition 



kid assigned to a remote period the origiDal acqaireineDt of the property by 
the church. The manor of Tilhagham, in the hundred of Dengey in the 
county of Essex, was accounted the most ancient possession, and the gift 
of it ascribed to j'Gthelberbt ; that of Saodun, Erdeley, Beaucharap, 
Wicbam, Tjdwolditun, Kunwell, ^'Edulresnasa, Drayton, and Bernes to 
Athelstan ; that of Nastok to Eadgar ; and of Darfm); and Chingcford 
to the Confessor Eadward. At whatever period those charters were 
written, it is evident that the writers of them knew how to diatioguish the 
more ancient possessions from those acquired at a later period, namely 
Nastok, Kenesworth, and Norton, and upon which the Exchequer DoineEday 
throws some light. Whether Nastok was originally acquired by purchase, as 
described in the charter of Eadgar (No. I^S9), may be doubtful ; but the 
statement in the Exchequer Domesday that the canons had obtained it "ei 
dono Regis" • from William, renders it probable, that the church had already 
some rights there, whilst the late possession of Keueaworlh and Norton, aa 
deduced from the same authority, accords with the omission of those places 
in the supposititious charters; since we read of tCenes worth,'' " Hoc manerium 
tenuit Leuwinus ciltde Rege E.i" andof Norton,*" that it belonged T. R. E. 
to a lady named Godida All the Manors of the Cathedral which were 
visited in 1322, and are deacribed in the St. Paul's Domesday of that year, 
are mentioned by name in the Exchequer Domesday, Sutton excepted, 
which is not there described, except aa that part of the Episcopal Manor 
of Fulbam which was held by the Canons of St. Paul's, which contuned 
five hides, and was " de victu canonicorum." 

The Domesday of St. Paul's, it must be observed, does not include all 
the lands belonging to the Prebendaries of the church, as the endowments 
MgK " corpses " of their Prebends, but only those Manors which formed the 
BkCommuna," the revenue and produce of which were appropriated to the 
foHpport and sustenance of all the members of the Cathedral in regular gra- 
dation, from the highest personage, the Dean, to the humblest servitor, the 
Doorkeeper of the brewery. It is remarkable that, though the Statutes of 
the Cathedral describe the thirty Prebendaries as forming with the Bishop 
" unura corpus," of which he is the head, there is no evidence of his sharing 
with them any part of the revenue, or of his living in intercourse with them. 

■ Domewlif, Ei9rx, p. 13. ' Domesdif, Kcrli. p. 1^6. ' Donrndaj, Ehci, p. 13. 

Tlie BiihopB of London appear to have possessed their Manors in the time 
of the Anglo-Saxon kings in their own right, for there are no traces of any 
of the Episcopal lands having at any time belonged to the Cathedral. At 
what period certain lands were attached lo each of the thirty Prebendaries, 
and the Manors described in the St. Paul's Domesday separated from the 
rest to form the " Communa," is unknown. There is reason to believe 
that this apportionment was begun, if not completed, before the Conquest; 
for in the Exchequer Domesday' we read that the Canons Durandus and 
Uueri held lands at Twyford, Radulphua at Rugmere, and Walter at Pan- 
craa ; and to the Prebend denominated " Consumpta per Mare," landi 
were at one lime attached in the parish of Walton-le-Soken ; the catastrophe 
dcnuled by the name of the Prebend, having been supposed to occur about 
the time of the Conquest. The locality of these Prehendal Manors Jl 
interesting. They are remarkable as much for their distance from as for 
their protimitj to London. Thus we find two Prebends in Bedfordshire, 
now called Caddington Major and Caddington Minor, adjoining the Chapter 
Manor of Cadendou in Herts, but which originally were one Manor belong- 
ing to the Chapter ;" the Prebends of Sneating and Consumpta per Maro 
are in Walton-le-Soken in the hundred of Tendi'ing in Essex, within 
the manor of Adulvesnasa ; the Prebends of Ealdland, Weldland, and 
Reculverland, are at Tillingham in Dengy hundred, in the same county ; 
the prebend of Cliiswick is in Middlesex. Of the remainder of the Pre- 
bends, twenty-two in number, no less than nine are at Willesdon in 
Middlesex : vii , Willesdon, Uromesbury, Brownswood, Chamberlain 
Wood, Mapesbury, Neasdon, Harleston, Oxgale, and Twyford ; whilst the 
rest of them, thirteen in number: viz., Pancras, Rngmere, Totenhall, 
Kentish Town, Islington, Newington, Holbom, Portpool, Finsbury, Honton, 
Wenlock's Bam, Mora, and Eald Street, are found to occupy a belt of land 
of no inconsiderable breadth, from the walla of the city of London towards 
the north, extending from Pancraa on the west to the Episcopal Manor of 
Stepney on the east. 

The rents of these lands appear to have been always separately enjoyed 
by the Prtbendaries, and there seems Utile doubt that each Prebend was in 
itself sufficiently valuable to render the great majority of the Prebendaries 



■ Domuiliy, Middi. pp. 127 b, IW a. 

' Dcmrtdaj, Bedfordshire, p. SIK _ 



iDdifferent as to obtaining thai increase of their incomes, which was afioedcd 
by residence at the Cathedral. To this subject, however, it will be necessary 
to revert hereafter ; the attention of the reader being now to be directed to 
thst portion of the lands of the Cathedral, which forms the subject of the 
St. Paul's Domesday, which was under the management of the Oean and 
Chapter, and in the revenues of which all the members of the Church, the 
thirty Prebendaries, the Vicars, the Minor Canons, and the Servants of 
the Church had a proportionate interest. 

Before we proceed further, it may be right to apprize the reader, that he 
must not expect to find anything- in the present collection of documents, 
which may explain the relation in which the cathedrals of the Anglo-Saxon 
or Anglo-Norman times stood to the Church at large, as places of solemn 
worship, aa seminaries of learning, or aa affording opportunities for retire- 
■neut from the world. The religious character of the Cathedral could only 
be exhibited by the publication of its ancient " Regula Canonica," and of its 
Statutes. In the present work we have to consider the Cathedral only as a 
Corporation possessed of Manors and Churches, glnndinginthc samerelation 
4e the Crown as other Tenants in capitc, and having to fulfil lo their Tenants 
'tlie same duties, and receive from them the same services as other Lords 
of Manors ; and if the r.onduct of the Dean and Chapter, in the manage- 
ment of their Manors, was in accordance with the general practice of 
otiier landlui'ds, it would afford us a view of the condition of the country 
at large, and help to explain the progress of those changes, which have 
taken place in the relation between landlord and tenant, in the mode of 
payment of rent, and the general cultivation of the land, which have made 
agricultural England what it now is. It must, however, he borne in mind, 
ilut since Corporatioos generally, and particularly ecclesiastical Corpora- 
have less power than individuals to change their customs in accord- 
ance with the changes produced by time, their proceedings may at all 
Uroes be supposed to have an old-fashioned character, and to indicate the 
general customs of a former period, rather than an exact picture of the 
existing habits of the lime, 

Dotnesdays of St, Paul's are records of Iniguisitions. Thus we 
page 109, " Annus ab incarnaiione Domini millesimus ccnlesimus 

raus primus facta full inquisitio maneriorum beati Paul! 

Radulfum de Diceto Decanum Lundoniensem, Anno primo sui decu- 


natoSy ajristentilrat ei tam m ag b ti D Henrico de Ncvliaiiiloitt, qpaaa donuno 
Roberto de Cliflbrd;** and at page 85, ^Inqoisitio fiicta in manerio de 

Chingeford per Robertom decanmn, Henricom canedlarinm anno 

aecondo pott translationem beati Thorns martjris Cantoarienaia Archiepis- 
eopL" The Incjoisition ia the recorded Terdict of a Jnry, the directiona for 
their impanelment being aa followa : ^ For the more eaaj diacorerj of the 
troth, we haTe decreed, that, according to the extent of the Manora and the 
number of the inhabitanta, a greater or leaaer number be chosen and bound 
bj the obligation of an oath admtnistered to them, that, in answering the 
interrogatories, they will not knowinglj either suppress the truth or aasert 
what is false/' * The names of the Jurors will be found prefixed to the In- 
quisition of each Manor, their number varying according to the foregoing 
direction, the largest jury being composed of twelve, others of eight or 
nine, and the smallest, that of Norton, of only three. The Inquisitions are 
dated on the day of holding the visitation ; but it ia manifest from the 
nature of the return, that much time must have been spent upon it pre- 
viously. The books we now possess may be regarded, as engrossed copies 
of the Inquisition of each Manor, written at leisure, and transcribed from 
the original minutes into a book. 

The fragment of the Domesday of Ralph de Diceto, (seepage 110,) 
which records the day upon which the Inquisition of each Manor was taken, 
enables us to describe the progress made by the Dean, and two of his brother 
Canons, to visit their manors in the year 1181. 

The Inqubitions began on the 8th of January, and ended on the SOth of 
the same month, commencing at Kadendon, near Dunstaple, and termi- 
nating at Sutton, near Chiswick in Middlesex. The whole period is twenty- 
three days ; but, since at p. 112 it is distinctly said that the Inquisition was 
made in twenty-two days, we must assume that the dean and his brethren 
had been staying at Kadendon when the Inquisition commenced, and that 
the period of twenty-two days* denotes the length of time actually occupied 
in the visitation after their leaving Kadendon. 

• " Ut faciliai veritai emeretnr, pro manerionim capacitate, pro nnmero coloDomm, 
mode plarei, modo paociorea, eligeodoa decrevimos artatoi prsstita jasjarandi religioof « 
qaod ad interrogata nee vemm iupprimerent, nee assererent fabum icienter." — p. 112. 



Journal ot a Visitation of the Manors of St. Paul's, held bt 
Radulfhus de Diceto in the tbab 1181. 

On vi. Id. Jan. being Thursday, Jan. 8, 1181, A visitation was held at Kaden- 

T. . . . „ Friday . . 9 „ A visitation of the adjoining 

manor of Kenesworth. 
iv. . . . „ Saturday . 10 „ Occupied in a journey of fifteen 

miles to Ardeley. 
iii. . . . „ Sunday . . 11 „ A visitation at Ardeley. 
Prid. Id. . . „ Monday . 12 „ Visitation of Sandun, five miles 

from Ardeley. 
Id. Jan. . . „ Tuesday . . 13 „ I ^o visitation, but a journey of 
• v J T? X. -nr J J ^A { thirty miles to Beauchamp in 

XIX. Kal. Feb. „ Wednesday ^^ »» ( e 

xviii. ... „ Thursday . 15 „ Visitation of Beauchamp. 

xvii „ Friday . . 16 „ Visitation of Wickham, distant 

four miles firom Beauchamp. 
xvL .... „ Saturday . 17 „ No visitation, but journey to 

Thorp, twenty-eight miles firom 

XV „ Sunday . . 18 „ Visitationof the manor of .£dul- 

vesnasa, held in the church of 

xiv „ Monday . . 19 „ Journey of thirty miles to Tid- 

xiii „ Tuesday . . 20 „ Visitation of Tidwolditun, (Hey- 

xii Wednesday 21 „ Visitation of Tillingham, distant 

ten miles from Heybridge. 
xi „ Thursday . 22 „ Visitation of Runwell, seventeen 

miles distant from Tillingham. 
X I, Friday . . 23 „ Visitation of Barling, twelve miles 

distant from Runwell. 

X „ Saturday . 24 „ ( Journey from Barling to Norton 

< (Mandeville), being a distance 
^"^ »^**^y . . 25 „ I of fifteen miles. 

vii „ Monday . 26 „ Visitation of Norton, and also of 

Nastok, distant five miles firom 


vi. Kal. Feb b<;iug Tuesday, Jan. 27, 1161, Visitation of Cbingfbrd, dirtMit 1 

twelve milea from Naatok. 
T „ Wedaesdaj 28 „ Visitation of Barnes in Surrey, 

on the Thaiues. 
iv „ Thursday . 29 „ Visitation of Drayton in Middle* 

f,cx, tlistant fifteen miles from 

iii ,. Friday . . 30 „ Visitation of Sutton, two naif , 

The days of the week upon which the progress was made have been I 
determined by the tables in Nieolas'a Chronology, The Dominical tetter 
of the year 1 181 being D, and Easter Day falling in that year on April 5, 
it follows that the Sundays occupied in the progress were the 1 Ith and ihe 
18th of January, and this appears to be confirmed by the fact that the 
visitation at Kirkeby on the 18th was held in the church. 

Inquinitions of thia formal kind do not appear to have been very fre- 
quently made, the earliest upon record being that just menljonedi by 
Radulph de Diceto, in 1181 ; the next that of 122?, by the Dean Robert 
de Watford, and which forms the chief subject of this volume; whilst s 
third, that of 1279, by Dean Baudake, forms a portion of Book 1., 
now remaining in the Archives. Ariicles of Visitation of a lat«r period are 
exlanti but the three Visitations of llBl, 12-23, and 1279 are those alone 
which now remain containing a regular inscription of a!l the names of the 
tenants, with their rents, ranks, and services, and forming a record reseni- 
bling, in its general features, the Exchequer Domesday, but with greater 
minuteness of description. It was probably the prt^reas of time, renioviog 
the men of one generation and replacing them by another, which rendered 
it necessary to have a fresh enrolment of names and tenures. As respects 
the far greater number of the tenants, the claims of the Lord of the Manor 
were limited to customary rents and fixed service ; an increased rate of reat 
was to be obtained only for newly -in closed lands, or lands belonging to 
the demesne ; so that the chief object of the Inquisition was the identifi- 
cation of the persons by whom the services due were to be paid. On the 
part then of the Dean and Chapter, a new Domesday was not the prelude 
to any fresh exaction ; it was rather a renewed declaration of rights and 
duties between the owner and the occupier of the soil, as well as a solemn 




hquiry whether any of the rights of the tenants had been unlawfully 
acquired. It was the verdict of a jury, as to the rights which the psrtiea 
poascBsed, and not a record of the re-letting of the land. 

In their use, not less than in their form, the Doroesdays of St. Paul's 
resembled the Domesday of the Exchequer. That census defined the rights 
'Ot the Sovereign, by recording the number of hides and the values of the 
manors; and In like manner the Domesdays of St. Paul's, in recording the 
holdings and services of tlie tenants, virtually limited the rights of the 
Chapter to the receipt of those payments, which had been in a solemn 
manner ascertained. It is a common notion that the Domesday book of 
William is a work entirely original in its character ; that it was compiled in 
order to enable the Sovereign to eittorl money from the people, and is 
'chiefly interesting as being the record of the subjugation of England to a 
ibreign power. The discovery of other Domesday books, compiled for the 
of other bodies and persons, and which are not records of violent 
transfer of property by war, hut ofHcial testimonies of quiet possession of 
lind-i by inheritance, by grant, or by purchase in times of peace, will how- 
ever encourage us to take a more charitable view of the Exchequer Domes- 
day itself; whilst the careful comparison of the Royal with the other 
Domesdays may lead to the conclusion that the Exchequer Domesday, 
considered as a whole, is rather the record of ancient relations existing 
letween the landlords and their tenants than of the newly-acquired rights 
of the Norman lords, and that the state of society described in it was 
not one newly formed by the Conquest, but that which had existed in 
England under the Anglo-Saxon kings. 

Sir Henry Ellis, in his learned Introduction to Domesday, mentions four 
books of the same denomination. The first, a Domesday belonging to the 
Dean and Chapter of York ; the second, that belonging to the Nuns of 
Haliwell ; the third, one which existed in the archives of the Earls of 
Chester ; the fourth, the Domesday of Ralph de Diccto belonging to St. 
Paul's. In order to complete the catalogue, we must now reckon in the 
number of Domesdays — 1. The Liher Wintoniensis of Henry I. printed in 
the Appendix to Domesday. 2. The survey of the tenants in the city of 
Winchester (which forms the second part of the Liber Wintoniensis), made 
bycommandof Henry Bisbopof Winchesterin 1148. 3. The Bolden Book 
(also printed in the Appendix), being an Inquisition of the lands and rents 



of ihe biBhoprick of DuTham, by BUhop Hugo, in 1 163. 4. The surrey 
of the manors of St. Paul's in 1:222, printed in ttte following pages, and 

denominated the Domesday of Dean Robert de Watford. 5. A similar 
survey by Ralph de Bandake, Dean of St. PaulB, in 1279. We know then 
of the existence of eight books subsequent to the Exchequer Domesday, 
compiled at different intervals during two centuries, identical in character, 
and bearing the same denomination, those of them which have been brought 
to light being records of inquisitions of the respective rights and duties of 
the lord of the soil, and of the tenant within the limits either of cities or 

The Exchequer Domesday is a return of the value and condition of 

the Manors at two distinct periods — at the time when the return was 
made, and in the days of Edward the Confessor. It is probable that records 
were in eiislence which enabled the jurors of each county, at the dis- 
tance of twenty-three years from the death of Edward, to describe so 
minutely the former and present condition of each manor, its value, the 
power of the tenants to part with their lands with or without the consent of 
the lord, the names of the tenants, the number of acres held by them, and 
the services due from Ihem. The return of the royal revenue prior to the 
Conquest, and of the dues from court* of justice, shared by the Crown, the 
Comes or Earl, aud the Prelates, and collected by the Vicecomea or Sheriff 
in each county, implies the use of written documents. Take, for instance, 
the rights which the Confessor had in the burgh of Wallingford (Domesday, 
p. 5G), the varied nature of which will prove, that without a rental, and 
without minutes of the legal proceedings within the burgh, the King's 
propositus would neither have been able to collect the gavel, amounting to 
eleven pounds, from two hundred and seventy-six holdings, denominated 
hagte, nor have satisfied the king's officers, that he duly certified the 
forisfacturee or forfeitures which belonged to the Crown. 

All the Domesday books have one common feature, that of being rentals of 
manors and records of manorial rights; but in the Royal Domesday the rental 
is given only in the form of a brief abstract: in the Capitular Domesdays, the 
enumeration of the tenants and of their lands is set forth in the fullest extent. 
The former has the appearance of an abridgment of a Manorial Court roll, the 
latter are the Court-rolls at length. The most ancient Court-rolls now extant 
are identical in character with that series of Records belonging to St. Paul's, 




I the most sncient of which are called Domeadays. The title of the Court-roll 
t of Castle Combe, Wilts, is " Itcdditunle cum Custumario de Castlecombe 

factum ad festum Sancti Michaelia anno Regni Regis Edw per sacra- 

mentum Walteri North," &c. This document is of as early a date as 1340. 
The annual rent of the manor was 15/. 12;. 6d. and the number of the 
_ tenants exceeded fifty. Identity of character would seem to indicate a 
I, common use. At Castle Combe, the court Tolls were the records of 
proceedings on the days therein termed law-doyt — on those days in which 
not only rents were received, but legal rights and duties ascertained. And 
if, as is probable, the Exchequer Domcedsy, being the rental of all the 
inanors of the kingdom ia an abridged form, was compiled from inquisitions 
held on the Domes-days of the different Manors, or on the Law-days of 
the Hundreds, called Lagehundred (at p. 86), such a fact would illus- 
trate the meaning of the term Domesday, when applied alike to the Liber 
Ceniualis of the Crown and to the ancient Court-roll of a Capitular Manor, 
ss being records framed upon the oaths of jurors ia a DomeS'day or Law- 
day inquisition. 

The Domesday books are then records, which illustrate the condition 
I of England as occupied in the pursuits of peace rather than of war, for 
Manors are civil possessions and not military commands ; and, though the 
owner of the Manor was bound to act in the military defence of the country, 
the tenantry, who dwelt on the estate, had no such duties to perform. They 
were the labourers, not the soldiers of the Lord. Manors, whether royal, 
t baronial, or episcopal and ecclesiastical, were to their owners sources of 
Lwealth, derived from two distinct sources — the exercise of a legal jurisdic- 
L tion and the rent or cultivation of land. The Ecclesiastical Manors differed 
in no respect from those which were in lay hands. They were the sources 
of income, not the field of spiritual labour. They contributed to the sup- 
port of the Bishop or of the Chapter, and of the religious household of the 
, Cathedral, by profits and revenues no way different from those derived by 
h.the Sovereign and the Lords from other Manors. It is remarkable, that 
er the Exchequer Domesday, nor the Domcsdays of St, Paul's contain 
I any evidence, that the Eccleiiiastical manors had any superior religious 
I privileges, or were the centres from which religious knowledge was diffused 
L to the neighbourhood. The Manors of the religious houses were in reality 
Liecular possessions; and their history, as shewn in the Doukesday* of Sl 

dk fUte of focietj in dbe AsfW-NonnB wkk dot is Ae Anglo- 


iadk Sc FnTf Dof idiTwrittea incgteMo. aod dbc wfatwosof Imdloid 
and tetoBt, bririj i t en d ed in the older docmnait* bang io Ae liis nM»e 
Inll J fiplamwL 

Tbe >Ianora of Sc I^uil's, in comBoo vith ike ocker Muors «£ tlie 
kfogdom, oMuisted of two distinct poctioos: dbe bods of tke DoKSBe, aod 
tbe lands of tbe Tenants. As rc^Kcts tbe Capctnlar Manors in tibe eomitMs 
of Middlesex, Hertford, and Sarrer, tbe i^oportiaB wbidi tbe Demesne 
bore to tbe Tenants' lands is diftinrtlT stated in tbe Exdieqoer Domesday; 
but in tbe e mime i ali on of tbe Capitular manors in tbe eonntj of Eaaex, tihe 
on! J intimation of tbu (firinoD is in tbe distinction beCveen tbe camoe or 
plooil^'teams in tbe demesne, and those wbicb bdonged to tbe Tenants. 
The Domesdajs of St. Paol's snpplj the defect, and enable os to aseertain, 
with respect to the whole of the property, the nombcr of hides in eadi 
Manor of both descriptions, whether Tenants' land or Demesne. 

The whole nomber of hides of land to which the Chapter was a awm d to 
hidsge in 1222 was 13d|. In fourteen out of the e^teen Manors, the 
number of rateable hides had remained the same from tbe time of tbe 
Conquest, bat at Tidwoldinton the variation consisted in redoctioD from 
eight hides to three, at Chingford and at Ardley from six to fire, at 
Draytim from ten to nine, whibt at Nastock there was an increase from 
seven to eight* 


Tfaew variationi are interesting, not only as indicating changes in the 
eondition of the Manors as respects the extent of cultivation, but as imply- 
ing a power on the part of the Tenants in capite of procuring from the 
Crown a rela«ation of the burden of hidage. Whether any general revisal 
of the Survey of the Conqueror took place in later reigna is uncertain ; but 
when we discover in the records of St. Paul's a full Inquisition of all the 
Manors (see pages 140-146), in which the number of hides is recorded at 
^^ which each Manor " defendebat se" in the time of Henry the First and 
^LBVilllam the Dean, several of the Manors being rated otherwise than they 
^^■fead been in the Exchequer Domesday, it is reasonable to conclude, that 
^^rthese changes were not made without the consent and approval of the 
^^BCrown ; and when we further learn, that William the Dean adjusted the 
^^Epayment of the hidage between the Demesne and the Tenants' lands in the 
^Tii^Bnor of Barling (see page 143), there is ground for conjecture that, as 
the variations above alluded to were made in his time, they might also be 
made by his endeavours and under his superintendence. That the Crown 
at later periods than that of William in some cases diligently inveaU- 
gated its ancient rights, is evident from the Liber Wintoniensis of Henry I^ 
which opens with the following preface ; " Henricua Rex volens scire quid 
Rex Edwordus habuit omnibus raodis Wintonife in auo dominico, Uurgensium 
Euorum Sacramento hoc comprobari juasit." Such attention, however, to the 
rights of the Crown is not inconsistent with a due regard to the relief of the 
subject, either as of favour or of right. In the case of the Manor of Tid- 
woldintun (Heybridge) the reduction of the number of rateable hides, first 
from 8 to 7^ and then from 7^ to 3, i» worthy of remark, the latter reduc- 
tion having taken ,}1ace between 1181 and [222. The Manor lies at the 
extreme end of the Blackwater estuary, on the coast of Essex. In the time 
of Stephen, tempore giterrte, (see page 142,) some inroad of the sea and 
destruction of woods had taken place, to the injury of the produce of the 
manor, and some similar misfortune at a later period might have given 
oceaaiun to a reduction of the hidage from seven and a half hides to three. 

The Hide of land in the Manors of St. Paul's contained 120 acres, or four 
*irgates of thirty acres ; bnt, besides the ordinary Hide, we find mention at 
Tillingham, Sutton, and Drayton of land of a different denomination, and 
occasionally liable to a different burden of taxation, the " Hida de solanda." 
I At Drayton this hide did not pay "geld" with the other hides, "nisi 



quum coromuiiiler fiunt exactiones per hidas" (p. 99). Whether the 
tolanda at Sutton and ihoHe at Tillingham had the hke exemption is doubtful. 
A lolaKda consisted of two hides (pp. 68 and 93), but piobably in this 
case the hide waa not of the ordinary dimension. Tlie nord tolanda, or 
BB it is written at p. 142 scolanda, is so evidently a latinized form of 
the Anglo-Saxon rulnng, or plough-land, and approaches bo near to the 
Kentish iolinut, that we need scarcely hesitate to consider them identical, 
and since we learn from the Domesday Survey of the possessions of St. 

a half, 
a hence that the tolanda 
Bmaller hides 
lolinut or Anglo-Saxon 

Martin's at Dover (vol. i. f. 2) that 430 acres i 
the solin being- therefore 180 acres, we gather from 
probably did not contain two full hides of 120 ai 
of 00 acres each, or 180 acres, being the Kentish ( 

In the Manors of St. Paul's the actual extent of the land much exceeded 
the quantity at which it was rated ; and if throughout the whole kingdom 
the same proportion was observed, it would follow generally, that land was 
rated to hideage at about two-thirds of its real extent. The 133^ hides 
of St. Paul's (reckoning the hide at 120 acres) would have contained only 
16,020 acres ; but an enumeration of the whole of the lauds shews an actual 
acreage of nearly 24,000 acrea. Of these 24,000 acres, three-eighths were 
in demesne and five-eighths belonged to the tenants, being for the moat 
part lands of inheritance, subject to the rents and services of which we shall ] 
have to take notice. 

Broad however as is the distinction in the description of these Manora 1 
between the land of the Demesne and the land of the Tenants, it appears 
from the number of the acres which were held by the i 
dominico," and from the services performed by them, that the lords ] 
of Manors had power, if not to alienate the Demesne in perpetuity to I 
tenants, at least to grant to them a right of occupation, upon 
ditions of service not difTerent from those attached to lands which did not j 
form part of the demesne. It would be out of place to enter upon i 
inquiry whether, in the original formation of Manors, one part of the j 
Manor was not demesne, and another part held by the people ; but when at 
later periods land was granted to tenants, the land so granted was said to 
be atiised. Thus we read at p. 140, in the manor of Ardley : ■■ De aex 
predict)! hydii duaa Aierunt in dominio et quatuor anua et adhuo aunt;" 


and at Ulliiigbain, p. S8, ve find an eDumeration of tenants " de dominico 
anliquilut a»*i»o ;" and st Luffenhall, p. 20, *' Isti tenent de hida assiaa 
per Odonero;" and at p. 94, " [sti tenent de terra assisa." 

It has been stated that the Exchequer Domesday supplies us with little 
information as to the relative extent of the Teuants' lands, and of the De- 
mesne, in the county of Essei ; the enumeration of the Carucae, or plough- 
teams, in the Demesne, and of the Carucje of the Homines, or Tenants, 
affording no certain clue lo the acreage of the two portions of the manor. 
Concerning, however, the nature of the Carucs the records of St. Paul's 
afford some valuable information. In the survey of the Manor of Adul- 
vesnasa, in the Exchequer Domesday, vol. ii. we have this description of 
the Camcje of the demesne and of the tenants. " Vi. carucx in dominio. 
Tunc inter homines Ix. carucs, modo xxx." In the lease of that manor, 
granted in the lime of Ralph de Dicelo, some 120 years later, see p. 125, 
we have renewed mention of these six Carucae in the demesne, with the 
addition of the number of oxen attached to them, and as being a part of the 
stock of [his Manor leased to the lessee : " Restauramentum tale est : sex 
carrucffi. de quinque unaquieqne x. bourn, sexta autem viii. bourn." 

The St. Paul's Domesday of 1222 differs from the Exchequer Domesday, 
in making no distinct mention of the Camcn possessed by the tenants ; but 
in each Manor the number and strength of the teame, which, when added 
lo the " CO nsuetu dines," or customary labour performed by the tenants, 
were suCBcicnt for the cultivation of the demesne, are particularly stated. 
The general form of the Inquisition, as respects the plongh 
cunt quod potest fieri Wainagium ( 
cum consuetudinibu„ viltatae." But 
these teams there is much variety: — • 

** Potest fieri wainagium 

I totidem i 

strength a 

Q duohuB carucis v 

totidem capitum 
id composition of 

"p. 8. 

" Quinque caruce, quarum tres habent iiij. bovea et iiij. equos et duas 
■inguls vi. equos," p. 13. 

" Quatuor carucse i. capitum," p. ^8. 

" Tres caruce x. capitum, scilicet in qnalibet viij boves et ij. equi," p, 48. 

" DuGB caruccebonxcuroxx.capitibussciticetcumx.equisetx.bobus,"p.53. 

~ e carucx xx, capitum, scilicet cum xii. bobus et viij. cquis," p. S9. 
> Due carucae cum xvi. capitibus, scilicet medietas equonim et medietas 
n," p. 65. 


" Potest wainagiura fieri cum lii. boTibus et <)aatuor Etoltis," p- ^ 
Hence it appears that of nhaterer kind of aaimals the CarucK or 
were formed, there were in eat^h team not less than cis, eight, or ten head <rf 
cattle, either horses alotie, or beasts alone, or horses and heasts intermixed. 
It must be obvious to every student of the Eicheijuer Domesday, that the 
abstracts of inquisitions, which constttule the body of that work, were made 
by differettt persons, and that the information derived from it, as respects 
the condition of Manors throughout the kingdom, is not of an uniform cha- 
racter. TTie Domesday of Essex is distinguished by the frequent ennmer*- 
tion of the live slock of the manors, and the comparison of the number of 
animalB of each description existing at the two periods — the time of the Sur> 
Tcy and the time of the Confessor. Thus in the survey of the manor of 
Brachestedam, iu the hundred of Wiiham (vol. ii. p. 49), it is recorded, that 
in the time of the Confessor there were in that manor " two horses (run- 
cini), fourteen beasts (aniiualia), forty pigs, and eighty sheep ; but at the 
time of the Survey there were found one horse, six beasU, forty-six pigs, 
one hundred aud ten sheep, and four hives of bees." The Manors belonging 
to the canons of St. Paul's in the county of Essex are enumerated at pp. 
12 and 13 of the same volume, and a similar account of the live stock is 
also given ; e. g., at Delchamp there were nine beasts, two horses, fortf 
pigs, an hundred Eheep, and five goats> At Wichara two horses, four 
beasts, twenty-three ptgs, lifty sheep, twenty-four goals, and two hives of 
bees. The live slock upon these manors of St. Paul's is in some case* 
said to have been always (that is, in the time of the Confessor and also at 
the time of the Survey) the same ; a circumstance which is explained by 
the supposition, that the live stock thus enumerated was that which formed 
the impletnenlum of the demesne, distinct mention of which is made in the 
leases of manors contained in this volume (pp. 122 — 189), as received by 
the JirtnuriuM at the commencement of his lease, and rendered either in 
kind or value at its terminiition. It appears from those leases, which were 
granted nearly a ceuiury after the Conquest, that this live stock had in the 
mean time been varied, and we cannot, as in the case of the Carucs of 
Adulvesnasa, identify the stock as being the same in extent at the earlier 
and the later period ; we can however in one instance identify its 
character, by the beasts, the horses, the pigs, and the goatt, which at 
both periods are detcribed, p. 121, as belonging to the manor of Wicham. 




In the Exchequer Domesday, whether a. manor belonged to the king o 
a prelate, or to any other body or person, itB descriplioo is of the ume 
character and relates to the same particulars, the general form being aa 
fuUows : — ■ 

»" Herfordscire (f. 136. a.) 
"Terra Saocti Pauli Lundon. In Danais Hundred. 
" Canonici Lundonienses tenent Caneanorde. Pro i. htdis se del'endit. 
Terra est x. carucarum. tn dominio v hidse, et ibi sunt ii. carucae et adhuc 
iii. possunt fieri, ibi viii. vitlani cum iit. bordariis habent ii. caruca?, et 
adhuc iii. possunt fieri, Ibi iii. eervi. Pastura ad pecus. Silva c. per' 
coruro, et de redditu silvae ii. solidi. In totU vaUntiia valet Ixs. loUdi. 
Quando recepei'unl c. solidi, et lanlumdem tempore Regis Edmardi. 
Hoc manerium tenult Leauinus Cilt de rege Edwardo.' 

The clause in this return, to which we would now direct the attention of 
the readf^riis that which is printed in Italics, and which records the value of 
the manor at three periods, the time of the Survey, the time when the 
Chapter became possessed of it, and the time of Edward the Confessor, 
This mode of destrihing the value of manors is universal ihrougbout the 
Domesday, nor is it limited to manors ; tenements which consisted of but a 
few acres being similarly valued, e. g. twenty acres in one place being valued 
at forty pence, and thirty-five acres in another at forty-six pence. Such 
phrases as '■ valet " and " valuit " would seem to indicate the value of the 
whole estate, and such is the interpretation of the term, which has been 
adopted by the learned Dr. Nash in his Commentary upon the Domesday 
of Worcestershire, and probably by other writers. A comparison however 
of the inquisitions of manors in the Exchequer Domesday, both with each 
other and with the inquisitions of the St. Paul's Domesdays, will render it 
probable that the terms" valet" and '* valuit" do not represent the value of 
the whole estate, but only the annual profit derived from money rents. 

For the elucidation of this subject we shall first exhibit in parallel 
columns inquisitions of Royal and of Ecclesiastical Manors ; from which 
it will be evident that, whatever was the object in view in estimating and 
recording these values, the manors of the Crown and of its subjects were 
estimated and recorded in the same manner; and also, that whatever it might 
^ upon which a value was put, whether land or rent, in the Royal manor, 
tcAHD. SOC. d 



the same thing was valued in all other manors ; and since in very many 
cases it is the annual valoe, at which the estate was let to farm, or the annual 
rent received, which is recorded in the inquisition, we have ground for con* 
jecture, that it was the annual value which was sought to he ascertained in 
the inquisition, and which is accordingly expressed hy the term ** valet " or 
^valuit;" the truth of the conjecture being confirmed by its solving nearly 
all the difficulties, which follow from the supposition that *' valet" means the 
value of the fee simple of the estate, and also by its reconciling the different 
descriptions of value with each other :-» 


(f. 38.) 

Rex Willelnms tenet 
in dominio Odiham. He- 
rmldos conies tennit. Ibi 
qnater xx^ bids una hida 
et dimidia minoa. Tanc 
te defendebat pro xxxWii. 
hidii. Modo non geldat. 
Terra est Iri. camcaruni. 
In dominio sunt xr. ca- 
mcs et cxxxTii. villani 
et Ix. bordarii cum xl. 
eamcis. Ibi 1. senri et 
▼iii. molini de Iri. sol. et 
Tii. den. ct xxi. acree 
prati. Silvadeclx.porci8. 
T. R. E. et poet Taluit 
1. lib. ad nnmeram, modo 
1. lib. ad pensam. 

Terra Regis. (f.38b.) 

Ipee Rex tenet Op- 
tune de terra Eddid re- 
gins. Tunc se defende- 
bat pro nna bida. Modo 
pro nibilo. Terra est 
ii. camcarum. In do- 
minio est nna camca et 
T. villani et iii. bor- 
darii cnm ii. carucis. 
Ibi i. serrus. Silva ad 
clausnram. T. R. E. 
▼alebat iiii. lib. et poet 
xl. sol. modo Ix. sol. 
Tamen est ad firmam de 
iiii. lib. 

Terra WurroNiEivsis 
Episcopi. (f:40b.) 

Ipse Episcopus tenet 
Menes in dominio. Sem- 
per fuit in epiacopatn. 
T. R. E. se defendebat 
pro XX. bidis. Modo pro 
xii. bidis. Terra est 
xiiii. camcarum. In do- 
minio sunt iiL camcs 
et xxT. Tillani et xvii. 
bordarii cum xi. carucis. 
Ibi ecclesia cum una 
bida et viiL senri. et iL 
molini de x. sol. Ibi x. 
acne prati. Sil va de xl. 
porcis, et in Wincestre 
▼iij. hags redden tes vi. 
sol. T. R. E. Talebat xx. post xri. lib. Modo 
XXX. lib. Tamen reddit 
de firma xL lib sed diu 
non potest pati. Ec- 
clesia reddit 1. solidos. 

Terra Sci. Prii^ 


Abbas Sci. PMri 
Wincestre tenet i 
tone. Eddid r^gini 
unit T. R. E. T 
erant x. hidia, et viU 
qui ibi manebant» 
dabant pro v. bi 
Modo babet abhai ia 
minio t. hidas, aed 
geldavit. Tenmeit 
carucamm. In don 
est i. camca et zt 
darii et ii. aerri eni 
carucis et dimidiom 
linnm de iiii. soL el 
den. et ii. acns p 
SilTadeclausara. T.l 
valebat ri. lib. etpo 
modo Tii. lib. 

It will be observed that in two of these manors, Optune and Menes, 
their value, put ** ad firmam," exceeded the other certified value. It is 
then obvious, that all the values of these manors are annual values ; and 
there being no reason to imagine, that in these manors the term ** valet *' 

t employed in a peculiar sense, we couclude that generally, and in other 
s where the value of the estate put to fann is not given, the word 
" valet" also means annual value. 

It is further to be observed, that in the Exchequer Domesday the terras 
" reddit " and " redditus " frequeiitly supply the place of " valet." lu the 
Domesday of Wiltshiri' the " Terra Regis " contained twenty-two manom. 
Six of them may be distinguished from the rest as ancient Royal manors, 
which had never paid, nor been estiraated for, hidage, but which " reddi- 
dtrunt firmam unius noctia cum omnibus consuetudinihus," the value 
of this reddilu* being at Chepeban 110/. and at Theodulveside 100/. 
The value of fourteen other manors, some of which had belonged to 
Harold, is estimated in most of them as " redditus," but in others by the 
term "valet." So also in the royal manors in the county of Oxford (jiiiie 
in number), two, Langford and Scoptone, were held to farm. The value 
(valet) of the former manor being eighteen and of the latter nine pounds ; 
but the remaining seven manors have their values described as " reddilus," 
and in three cases as " redditus per annum." These are a few out of many 
Instances, which might be adduced to confirm the suggestion, that "valet' 
throughout the Exchequer Doraeaday means only the annual value of 
money-rent, or the sum which the estate was worth when let to farm. 

At page UO of this volume, the reader will find an inquisition of all the 
Manors of St. Paul's in the year 1 181 : the resemblance of this inquisition 
to that of the Exchequer Domesday in respect of the numljer of hides at 
which the manoj's were assessed, or which were in the demesne, will be per- 
ceived by comparing the inquisition of the manorof Kenswrtha(Canesworde), 
with that already presented to the reader, " Manerium de Keneswrtlia de- 
fendeliat se tempore Regis Hcnrici et Willielmi decani pro x. hidis versus 
r^em, et reddehat vicecomiti xs. s., et adhuc ita est. Canonicis vero reddit 
idij. lib. De X. hidis v. fuerunt in dominio et adhuc sunt, in quibus v. hidis 
continentur xi. virgatffl, de quibus et potuit et poterit dominus ponere ad 
opcrationcm quantum voluerit. De his xx. virgatis sunt in domlnio ccc. 
acrs de lerra arabili et in bosco cc. acrse. Est ibi paatura ccc. ovihus. 
A'ummn denariurain x. lib. et vii. solid, et ob." As in the case of the 
older inquisition of this manor of Kensworth we drew attention to the terra 
" valet," and pointed out some of the reasons for interpreting the term aa 
meaning only annual value, so, with reference to the term " Summa dcnari- 


omm ** in this later inquisition^ we would obeenre that, as it ooeupies the 
place of the ** valet,'* its position alone would kad us to eoiiclude» that the 
terms are expressive of the same value — that which at one period was ex- 
pressed by ** valet ** being afterwards expressed bj the ** Summa denario- 
rum." Now there cannot be any doubt, that the money-values recorded in 
the Inquisition of 1181 under the head ** Summa denariorum'* are the 
values of annual rents ; for, on summing up the rents paid by all the 
tenants of the manors as set forth in the Inquisition of 1222, the sums 
received in each manor at both periods so nearly correspond, as to prove the 
identity of the payments as annual rents. Assuming, then, that in all the 
surveys of manors, those of the time of the Confessor and of the Conqueror, 
of Ralph de Diceto in 11 81, and of Robert de Watford in 122:?, it is the 
annual value that is recorded under the terms '* valet ** and ** Summa dena- 
riorum,'* the comparison of these values as exhibited in the subjoined table 

Domesday Vfthiee. 






ft. X. 

T. ft. W. 




f. d. 

£ t. 


£ «. d. 

£ «. d. 

Middlesex . . 

Dniton . . 



6 8 11 

6 18 9 

SniTej . . • j 

Sutton . . 



7 8 11 

7 6 4 

Benies . . 



8 7 10 

2 16 6 

C*nUworde . 

' 6 

8 10 

10 7 Oi 

11 2 4 

HerU ... 1 



5 10 

7 6 Hi 

7 17 9 

£rdelei . . 



5 18 10 

8 14 4 

Lafenelle. . 




1 17 7 

Sandone . . 



12 2 10 

14 1 


Cinghefort . 



4 6 11 

8 6 




18 8 2 

18 1 

Wicham . . 



1 18 5 

8 18 10 

Tillingham . 



6 10 8i 

7 4 

Rmz . . . 

Norton . . 




. • 

1 4 6 




7 7 1 

11 10 8 

Ranwell . . 



2 12 5i 

8 17 8 




4 4 0^ 

4 2 11 



80 18 


14 2 U 

14 9 4 


Berlinga . . 




8 10 6 

8 8 9 



157 13 


112 16 4 

126 10 8» 

* Much labour has been employed to estimate the sums in this column ; but some 
allowance must be made for errors nnaroidable in such a task. 


^^tny not be uninteresting, the whole interval of time from the 6rst valuation 
^' T. K. E. to that in 1222 occupying s period of about 160 years. In order 
to account for the variation of value of each manor at the different periodsi 
much more iaformation la required, than we possess. It is. however, to be 
borne in mind, that the rents represented by the respective sums are not 
variable annual rents of tenants at will, but the fixed rent payable by 
tenants of estates descending in the family by hereditary succession. Upon 
the values at the two earlier periods it is to be remarked, that the contrast 
between thera and those of the two later periods, as not exhibiting any frac- 
tional payments, clearly intimates estimated or average values rather than 
ftctual receipts. And as respects the increase and diminution of rent at any 
of the periods, it is to be obaerved, that increase would take place by the 
conversion of demesne lands into tenants' Inada ; and that the resumption 
of tenants' lands by failure of heirs and by forfeilure, by increasing the land 
in demesne, would cause a diminution of rent. The increase of the 
" Summa denariorum " in 1222 above that of 1 IBl would indicate, either 
that a larger part of the demesne had been aiiued in ihe meantime, or that 
lands, which had escheated, had been regranted on higher terms. The 
whole value of all the manors was also greater in the time of the Conqueror 
than of the Confessor ; but the increase took place chiefly in the county of 
Essex, the manors in the other counties having fallen in valne. It would 
seem, that the good management of a manor depended much upon the allot- 
tnent of lands in demesne, ii 
the manor is described as possessing c 
opcrationem quantum voluerit" of the 

also reference appears to be made by the jurors at Beauchamp (p. 28), 
Heybridge (p. 53), Uunwell (p. 170), and Nasteck (p. 175), in their 
■tatemcnts, that the lands of the demesne, the essarta or newly-cleared 
lands, and other tenements had been let (tradits) with due regard to the 
interest of the Chapter. 

Tenants of four ranks or orders occupied the Manors of St. Paul's at the 
time of the Exchequer Survey — Villani, Bordarii, Cotarii, Servi, and they 
were more than five hundred in number. In the Domesday of 1^22 only 
one of these distinctive names is preserved — that of the Cotarii ; but the 
other three classes appear to be represented by the Tenentes, the Operarii, 
Knd the Nativi, the whole number of tenements exceeding thirteen hundred, 
•nd indicating a proportionate increase in the population. 

of that right, which the lord of 
Kensworth (p. 160), " ponere ad 

e hides in demesne, and to which 



The fragment of the InqiiUiiioa of 
1 1 4), affords the means of compitriDg 
Belchamp ill that year, with the oumberB at the earlier time of the Domesday 
Surrey, and at the later period of 122J. Twenty-four V'illani, teo Bordarii, 
and five Servi ocoipicd that manor in 1080, in all thirtj'-niae. A hundred 
years later there were eighteen Libere t^neotea, holding «ix hundred and 
aixty-seven acres, with thirty-five tenants of the demesne holding one hundred 
and fifty-eight acres ; these two classes being Sfly-three in Dumber. In the 
next fifty years the Libere tenentes had increased from eighteen lo thirty- 
four, or nearly double ; but the (quantity of land held by them had incresMd 
from six hundred and sixty-seven acres to only seven hundred and forty- 
four. The tenants of the demesne lands had increased from thirty-five 
to forty-four, and the acreage of the lands from one hundred and fifty- 
eight to one hundred and eighty acres. l~he two classes together were 
in 1086 thirty-four, in II81 fifty-three, in 1222 seventy-eighL 

It was necessary, in order to the uame of any person being admitted oa 
the Court Koll, that he should be the rightful occupier of land or ine>- 
ausge ; and every one so admitted may be considered the head of a house- 
hold. So many tenements were however held by widows and single women, 
and the same person so frequently held two or three kind*, of tenanciei 
in the same manor, that the number of the households necessarily falla 
short of the number of the tenements. The causes of the increase in the 
number of tenancies may be found in the letting to tenants portions of the 
demesne and of the waste, or woodland, newly brought into cultivation, and 
denominated " esi^arts ;" and it is probable, that from the lands so tenanted 
the lord of the manor derived an increased annual rent, and additional 
labour for the demesne. Another source of increase in the number of 
tenancies was the subdivision of the land according to the law of gavelkind, 
which, as we learn from Glauville (vii. 2), was applicable to all lands 
nut held by knights or by military tenure ; and which divided the inherit- 
ance of the Socmen equally among all the sous. (See also Bracton, ii. 34.) 
But from such divisions of the land the lord derived no increased annual 
profit. A viigate, or a hide of land, when so divided, does not appear to 
have been chargeable with any increased rent, or any increafied tenant-labour, 
whilst the number of persons liable lo the rent, and to the performanne of 
labour, might increase the difficulty on the part of the lord in exacting his 
dues, without his hiving any proportionate advantage. 







The manor of Sutlon, however, presents a remarkable contrast to the 
Other manors of St. Paul with respett to increase in the number of 
tenancies at the periods above mentioned. In the Exchequer Domes- 
day it is recorded thai the tenants of this manor consisted of eight Villani, 
Iwlding each one virgate, seven Villani holding each half a virgate, seven 
Bordarii with five acres each, sixteen Cotarii, and two Servi — alWgethcr 
ifcrty persons. The namber of tenancies in 1222 appearing but little to 
'axceed the ancient numberof forty, has led to a more accurate comparison of 
'the two Surveys,' which has been attended by some curious results ; such as 
■'tiiese, first that the number of tenants was as nearly as possible forty at both 
['periods ; that at the earlier period eleven and a half virgates, and at the 
iter period twelve virgates, were held first by fifteen and then by eighteen 
tenants ; that the seven Bordarii with their five acres each are represented 
by seven Operarii, with the like number of acres ; and that the number of 
tenants described as holders " de terra assisa " in 1232, and chiefly in small 
quantities, such as the Cotarii generally held, very nearly corresponds to 
the sixteen Cotnrii of the Exchequer Domesday. Such coincidences confirm 
most strongly the idea that the ancient, as well as the later Domesdays, were 
ipiled from sources of a similar character, and that the ancient Domes- 
^days are, as has been suggested, abbreviated Court Rolls of Manors. The 
Hecords of St. Paul's throw no light upon the meaning of the title Bor- 
darins ; but, since the use of the word had ceased at the beginning of the 
thirteenth century, we may conclude, that if any particular duties, other than 
those performed by the Operarii, bad before belonged to them, they had at 

it time ceased. 

It is to be remarked, that though there were " Servi " on every manor 

the earlier times, no distinct mention is made of this class on any of the 
manors in 1222, though probably the persons described at p. 80 as " nativi 
a principio " in the manor of Navestock belonged to it. Peraiyial slavery, 
by which is meant the right to sell and transfer the slave to any new owner, 
does not appear to have been an Anglo-Saxon institution ; it is doubtful, 
whether a Ixird possessed a greater property in the Servus, than is implied in 
the obligation on the part of the Servus to dwell upon the estate, and not 
to depart from it without the licence of his Lord. The ordinary praedial 
Sprvices due from the Tenentes or Villani were not required to be per- 
formed in person ; and whether in the mttnor or out of it the Villanus was 


not in legal language ** sub potestaie domini." Not so the Nativus ; wherever 
he was dwelling, he was his Lord's property, and must return to his Manor, or 
be pursued as a fugitive slave (Bracton, I. i. c. 6, 10). As respects praedial 
service, the Nativi of Nastok were not bound to greater personal labour or 
to services different from those performed by the Operarii on other manors^ 
yet their tenure was ** bondage " (** Johannes Peter nativus tenet in bondagio 
unum mesuag^um," &c. p. 81), the distinctive mark of that condition being 
the payment of Havedsot or Chevagium (head money) for licence to go 
away either to trade or serve on hire. This payment was at Nastock a 
penny, married couples paying double. A very interesting account of 
the late continuance of tenure in bondage is to be found in the History 
of the Manor of Castle Combe,* to which reference has been already 

As the manor of Nastock is distinguished by its *' Nativi," so is also the 
manor of Adulvesnasa by two classes of tenants, unknown on the other 
capitular manors, the '* Akermanni " and ** Hidarii." 

The Akermanni are described at p. 52 as belonging to Walton, Thorp, 
and Kirkeby with Horlock, being in 1222 three divisions of the great manor 
of Adulvesnasa, and the survey of the whole manor bdng taken upon the 
oaths of three juries, at Thorp, at Kirkeby, and at Walton. It is also to be 
observed that at Thorp and at Walton, which are distant five miles from 
each other, there were separate demesnes ; and, as appears from the lease 
to Richard the Archdeacon (see pp. 130, 131), a courthouse and bams 
at Walton, and at Thorp a homestead, with a bam, a stackyard, and a house 
used partly as a bam. These Akermanni were six in number, holding each 
of them five acres. Their tenure of the land was uncertain ; for it is dis- 
tinctlv said that the Lord could take them into his own hand whenever he 


pleased — '< dominus potest capere in manu sua cum vult ;'* and yet it 
is doubtful,, whether by such an act the Lord could have entirely annihi- 
lated the rights of the Akerman*s heir ; some limitation to the consequence 
of this seizure being apparently implied in the qualifying expression — << sine 
injuriis hereditariae successionis." It is possible, that these six Akermanni 
were the representatives of those Servi, of whom it is said in the Exche* 
quer Domesday, that there had always been six of that class at Adulvesnasa, 

* By G. Poulett Scrope, Esq. 1852. See pages 217, 222. 


, and it 19 remarkable, tbat four of them. Rand' the weaver, Adman the son 

I of Herevicus, Alicia the widow of Jordan, and the brothers Walter and 
Edmund, held other lands in other t-apacitiea (see pages 30, 44, 49, 51). 
■nd tbat the occupaliona of the remaining two, Sagar the shipman, and 

I Johannes the merchant, are quite compatible with the condition of the 
tivi as already described, who holding " in bondagio " could, under certain 

I penalties or payments, remove from the manor, and carry on trade, or serve 

I on hire elsewhere. 

The Inquisition of the Manor of Adulveanasa (see pp. 38-52) differs 

I from those of the other manors of St. Paul's, in having each hide sepa- 
rately described, as held by its tenants in different proportions, the number 
of hides thus described being nineteen and a-half, and the tenanis being 

I denominated Hidarii. The hide was not divided amongst its tenants 
equally, nor was the number of tenanis on each hide the same ; the 

, the second 

,he remaining 
ants, and the 
i of separate 
So peculia 

first hide (see psge 41) was divided among four tenant 

among nine, the third among ten, and the fourth among eight ; 

hides exhibiting the like variety, both as to the number of tei 

I quantity of the land held by each, within the hide. Portion 

\ bides were in several instances held by the same person. 

ma of the land, and so distinct an appellation, might appear to indicate 
e peculiar privilege. There is however no ground for such a supposi- 
I tioni for if we compare the services due from the Hidarii, as detailed in 
I'pages 42 and 47, with those of the Libere tenentes on other manors, it will 
I be evident, that the Hidarii of Adulvesna^a belonged to the ordinary class of 
■ Villani, their distinction being probably only this, tbat they were jointly, as 
Kwell as severally, bound to perform the services due from the hide, of which 
tthey held part. 

We have before observed, that in the Exchequer Domesday the tenants 
[" of the Manors of St. Paul's are enumerated as belonging to four classes : — 
Villani, Bordarii, Cotarii, and Servi. In the Capitular Survey of theae 
manors in 1222, we find no such distinct classification, nor is there any 
uniform system in the description of the tenants or their tenancies. The 
following list eihibita nearly all the varieties of description. 

L Libere tenentes. 2. Tenentes antiquum tenemenlum, 3. Tenentes 
de purpresturia. 4. Tenentes aenacras. 5. Tenentes dimidias virgata*. 
6. 'Tenentes Lodland. 7, Tenentes de dominico. H. Tenentes de do- 
CAHD. 80C, « 



miiiico icclesiK*. 9. Teneutes per Vilenagiura. 10. Tenentes terras 
operariaii. 1 1 . Tenenles de terra assisa. 12. Teneutes de eesarlis. 
13. TeticiiU'S et ad ccnsum et ad denariuin. 14. Feffatj de pasltiris. 
15. Debeiiles wardpeiiny. IG. Debentes landgsblum, 17. Hidarij. 
18. Akermanni. 19, Cotarii. The ancient names, that of the Cotarii 
eneepled, had, as it appears, fallen into desuetude: the relations, how- 
ever, in which the services and persona of the Libere tenentes, theTenente* 
terras operarias, and the Nalivi, stood with respect to each other, and to the 
Lord of the manor, are so distinctly marked, as to leave hut little doulit, that 
ill those thi-ee classes we have the representatives of the Villani, Bordarii, 
Bnd Servi of the earlier age, under titles of a higher order, and which less 
plainly indicaled the servile character of the services which were due : to be 
a Tenant of any class was probably a designation more agreeable than thai 
of a Villain ; to hold land " ad operationem," and by the tenancy of labour, 
and to be an 0|ierarius, might he an appellation, as superior to that of Bor- 
darius, as that of Nalivus manifestly is to that of Servus or Slave. 

Under the Manorial system all the tenants performed pnedial service! ; 
but ihe higher was the rank of ihc tenant, the fewer services were due. 

It would seem, that the lord of a manor had originally the right to 
the assistance of all his tenants in cultivating the Demesne, and gathering 
in the produce at the Precarlai or lloon days, bi-iiig the three seasons, — of 
harvest, and of ihe autumnal and Icnten ploughing and sowing. The 
s of St. Paul's, who. as is shewn in the Exchequer Domesday, held 

e Manor of Darnes, as part of the Archiepiscopal Manor of Mortlake, 
e bound either by ibemselves or their firmnrius to plough four acres of 
the Archbishop's land and to find men to nttend one Preearia (see page 
103), whilst their own Tenants on that Manor performed for them similar 
In different manors of St. Paul's the services due on these 
days were in some degree varied. At Kensworth the service of reaping 
and ploughing was limited to two days, at each of the three seasons; and if 
the second day's service was demanded, the labourer's food was furnished by 
the lord. Al SandoD and at Beauchamp the lord's right was limited to one 
day, and he found food. At Wickam, the service appears to have been 
limited to digging the ground for the crop of flax, gathering it, and steep- 
ing it, and carrying it home ; and also to the furnishing one man from each 
houM for three holidays to collect nut«. At Kirkeby some other services. 



icludinfi that of thrashing seed corn, and supplying cnrriage, were rc- 
I quired. At Heybridge the " Libere tenentes " assisted in carrying the corn 
\ 'to St. Paul's. It will be seen, that the extent of ihe ploughing, or reaping, 
r of cartage, due at the Boon days, is defined in the Sui'vej of 1 ■2-2-2, with 
>me slight differences on diiTerent manors; but, since it is evident that 
I the highest classes of tenants did not perform prfbdial services at any other 
I periods of the year than those of the Precariie or Boon days, and that not 
even the " Libere tenentes " were exempt from them, we conclude that all 
the tenants who performed only these services were of the first class, though 
not distinctly so designated, and that they are the representatives of that 
order of tenants who were at the Conquest called " Villani." 

tWith reppect to the tenants of the manors who were inferior to the 
i** Lihere tenentes," viz. the Operarii and Colarii, the Inqnisitions of St. 
Paul's supply the fullest proof, that the distinctive character of their services 
cODsistfid in the obligation to perform prrcdjal labour upon the demesne lands, 
not only at the Boon days, but during every week of the year, the holiday 
ireeVa at Christmas, Ea>ter, and Pentecost excepted. The name by which 

> tills class of tenants was in some cases distinguished from the " Libere 
itenentes," was that of " Custumarii." The customs of the different manors 
nrere not uniform as respects these tenants ; but generally their weekly labour 
^varied according to the period of the year, boinf; the least from Miehaelinas 
[to Pentecost, after that increasing from Pentecost to ihp feast of St. Peter 
■d Vincula (.\ug. I), and being greatest from that time J.ill Michaelmiva. 
At Sandon, during these periods, the Operarii upon each half-virgate supplied 
labour for two, four, and five days. At Kadendon the Cotarii laboured 
thric« a week from Michaelmas to August, and from that period every 
^v^day but Saturday; but at Ardlcy their labour wns limited to Mouday, and 
^^Bo the services of carrying, and driving awinc to Londun. We observe, in 
^Hbonclusion, that although we have failed, either to discover the exact differ- 
^~- ence between the Cotarii and other Operarii, or to explain the meaning of 
the title Bordarius, it has yet been shown, that the Operarii and Cotarii wore 
nibject to demands of labour and other payments, on the part of the lord, 
far greater than those due from the tenants of the higher classes ; and there 
being no evidence of llieir being compelled to perform those services in 
person, or of their being forbidden to live away from the manor, it follows, 
that they occupied the middle rank between the " Libere tenentes," whose 


senrices were occasional, and those of the Send or Natiny who could never 
leave the soil without the license of the lord. 

Praedial service^ or, as it might he termed, ** agricultural lahoor/* was 
the tenure, under which lands were generally held of the lords of manors at 
the heginning of the thirteenth century ; if land were held by payment of 
money alone, there is very frequently direct evidence of the payment bong 
a composition in lieu of service. It becomes an interesting subject of 
inquiry, in what age this kind of agricultural society had its origin, whether 
it was of the Anglo-Norman or the Anglo-Saxon period. Upon this point, 
scanty as is the information we obtain from the Exchequer Domesday, com- 
pared with the voluminous character of that record, the instances which there 
occur of praedial tenures are sufficiently numerous, even though unsup- 
ported by other evidence, to justify the conclusion, that they existed, as 
parts of the manorial system, prior to the time of the Confessor. It must 
be admitted, that this notice of praedial tenures is confined to a few counties, 
Gloucester, Hereford, Worcester, and Chester; but since the general 
description of the tenantry of those counties is in perfect accordance with 
that of the rest of England, Homines, \lllani, Bordarii, Cotarii, and Servi 
existing everywhere, there is ample ground for the conjecture, that services, 
such as were performed by tenants in those counties, were also due from 
tenants of the same class elsewhere. 

In the Exchequer Survey of the County of Gloucester (fol. 163, 166), 
we find a class of ^ Liberi homines,*^ with the peculiar appellation Radche- 
nistri, who ploughed and harrowed at the court of the lord. The most 
remarkable notice of them is that in the Survey of the Manor of Der- 
heste, part of the possessions of St. Peter's Westminster. ** De terra 
hujus manerii tenebant Radchen^ id est, liberi homines, t^npore Regis 
Edwardi, qui tamen omnes ad opus domini arabant et herciabant et fidcabant 
et metebant.'* There were twelve or more tenants of this order holding as 
much as one and two hides each. In the Survey of the Manor of Che- 
mesege, in the County of Worcester, (fol. 17^b,) an exemption from that 
prsdial service which consisted in attendance upon the Precarie or Boon 
days, seems to be implied in the words ^' excepto rustico opere, sicut deprecari 
polerat a prsposito ;** obligation to this service being on the other hand 
implied in a corresponding phrase (fol. 174 a): "« Deserviebant sicut ah 
episc<^ deprecari poterant.'* The tenants ai the lands of St. Peter's West- 


minster, in Worcestershire, performed the following' services (fol. 174 b); — 
At Brigsteiiniijtune the Villani and Bordarii ploughed and sowed six acres 
with their own seed ; at Aichintune six Coliberti performed the like servicaa 
upon twelve acres, and two tenants, Dunning and Brictrie — one holding 
four, the other three, hides of land, mowed in the lord's meadows, by 
custom, one day. At Lon^edune, in the time of the Confessor, nine " Liberi 
homines," who held eighteen hides of lands, mowed in the meadows one day, 
and did service as they were enjoined. The "Radmani" (probably the 
Riidchenistri) performed the same service at Poiwic ; the phrase " scrviebant 
sicut alii liberi homines" occurs also several times. To the manor of 
Wicelbold (fol, 176 b), which belonged to Earl Gudwin, there were attached 
thirteen burgesses in Wick, " Secantes duobus diebus in Augusto et Marcio 
el servientes curiae." The account of the number of acres ploughed 
and sown with their own wheat by the tenants of the Roynl Manor of 
Leominster, in the County of Hereford, (fol. 179,) is remarkable, as being 
a doable return, not only as is customary of the number of tenants of all 
classes at the two periods, the time of the Confessor and of the Conqueror, 
but also of the number of acres sown at both periods, being at the earlier 
140, and at the later period 125 acres. There were also twenty-five 
hides of land which, T. It. E., were appendant to that manor, but which, 
T. It. W., bad been apportioned amongst twelve or more Norman chiefs, who 
were tenants in capite. The rents which were payable fur these lands to 
the Manor of Leominster, T. R. E., are enumerated (fol. 180 b). There 
is some little obscurity in the terms of the return, which makes it doubtful 
whether these rents continued to be paid ; but it would seem that, whether 
the ancient services were then rendered or not, there had been an obliga- 
tion upon the tenants to perform work for two days. The last and most 
interesting account which we have to produce from the Exchequer purvey 
(fol. 269 b), in illustration of the early existence of prxdial services, similar 
to those of later times, is one which relates to a large tract of country lying 
between the Ribble and the Mersey, comprising five hundreds, Derby, 
Newton, Walintune, Blackburn, and Layland, which contained 188 manors, 
but which were estimated to hidage at no more than ninety-nine hides, the 
Royal Manors being those which gave ihe names to the hundreds. More 
than thirty Thanes held manors within the Royal Manor of Derby. The 
1 upon which they were held arc fully enumerated, the particular 




■a of Ocf^; 
re api ng in Ae Ro^al 
lira! tbe greatest 

crofps of 
■ (Hbcri 





of Ae BoUn 


Bao^ ar SancT af Ae 
pabfitihed ia Ae Apprnfix la 

SB tW 

af tW 


of Ae 

of Durkaa 


oa Ae 


of a 

tba idatiaasaf 


pti a iipt cof 


Id W drzaB firaoi tkb coaiparisaa of Ae 

sams of BKaars^ vilk tW 
IT. b scarcchr af lest exteat tkaa tkis: 
taat tibe wcral ttnStatM of Eagtami* as respects tsie resfttHB bctveea liiii- 

w&kk w« iad cxcapliicd in tke laorfii hartacj af tW 
rj, B af AagW Saxoo cbaractn- aad origiB ; aad that tW 

icr of poarecnu baioBs^ aad 
Ae Ai^ia-SaiaB tkaaes* £d aat alter t^ relatm Wta^a tW 
Aceiniiii oftfceMfly wbitk badexoaed for se^reial 

Ae Ezcbe«|iKr DoaesdaT 
la Ae** A atkat Livsaad Iirtfilair» of Eagiaad ** tkera k a 

of tbe serermi classes af 

to W mdered br cack, aad of tW recipracal datj 
rnkshML TW place aK%aed to k bj tW 
tke kvY of Cant aad tkosa of Edward tW Co^ 
• TmL L PL 431. 


, Many of the usages therein mentioned are not perfectly under- 
; but the general character of the servieea described in the "^^Itecti- 
bndines," 90 closely corresponds with the services which the St. Paul's 
fomesday states to be due from diflerent classes of the tenantry, as to 
mder it almost certain, that the " Rectitudines " represent only an older 
ame national institutions, the character of which, as afterwards 
o pliiinly described in the records of the twelfth and thirteenth 
I centuries. The first part of this document relates to four cksses of persons, 
.B of Thanes law, Geneates right, Cotsetlan right, and Gebures right ; 
s of the three latter classes being all prsdial, and being distin- 
guished from each other either as occasional, or as being continued 
throughout Ihe whole year, on one or more days of the week. The Geneate, 
the Kotsetle, and the Gchiir, appear to represent the Villani, Cotarii, and 
Bordarii of the Exchequer Domesday, though placed in a different order 
of precedence. In the list of services due from the Geneale or Villanua, 
there are many which are not found in the Records of the St. Paul's 
manors to be due from the Liberi homines, whom we considered to be 
identified with the Villani of Domesday ; and yet, when the Geneale is said 
to be bound "averiare," "suramagium ducere," "metere et falcare," "stabili- 
tatem observare," '■ edificare et circumsepire,'' just as the Hidarius of Hor- 
lock was bound, " falcare unam acram prati," " metere in autumno 
iii. acras," &c. ■' invenire in autumno iii. carros," " portare clausuram de 
parco et claudere vi. perticatas circa curiam," " facere bovariam ad auum 
cibum proprium," " de maireno domini, quod scindent et parahunt et caria- 
buat, innovare granarium," ihe resemblance is so striking as lo leave little 
doubt of the identity of the two classes from whom the same services were 
■ due. The accuracy of the conclusion is still more apparent, when the 
^hBTvices of the " Geneate," which were occasional, are contrasted with the 
Hsily services throughout the year, described in the Rectitudines as due 
from the two inferior classes, the CotselJes and the Geburi, The Cotsctle 
worked for his lord every Monday ; in some places his labour in the month 
of August was limited to three days, but in others it extended lo the whole 
gSionth, and it was his privilege to hold five acres of land, more or less, 
e custom of ihe place. The Gebur's service was more ex- 
k'er worked less than two days in the week, and that through- 
rear, and in addition to this service he had payments to make 

mi ArSgw ff. ±j\ whmlAmni 

lX ^ ^s Ojpcnrm at 

«f ^e acker tnanCi 

all Ae 

of SI. 

baiuii ۥ 



i iMuuu Eaack the Koc could 

Oft an 
of dtooe, fnm^ 

t mar W SamtSatd to giw cn«fit to Ae staiOKBft of iipdfbiy 

Atfnd cawl tht 4&risno of kb kxBffk»a to W coroiM 

t&e Exekeqoer Doondajy we aa j jci be wiOiag to 

are iniie IB tlie •« Ubipr ETidntbnni MonsC & 

fKU. Anniel, 310) in four icfuato wHw i, to a 

J of Saint Edward, as hwfifjting, tkat tlie sonej of tke Coaqpenr 

its pcwpgd ea t in the prerioos age* aod. as wocld appear frooi Ae 

DooKodar itadf, that the jarors of the haaditds 

ta f>^^^»f thor retams, whirh was act ahofvther aev to 

p t tf pei t| was a p o os e so ioe diffmag ia aaar rapec 

calkd landed estate. It was aot a breadth of kad^ whi^ the lofd 

cahirate or aot as he pleased, saCer it to he inhabited, or redacail 

aad waste; but it was a doamnoa or enpiie^ witbia wbicb Ae 

was the superior orer sobjects of difeevt ranks, his power oier 

beiaf absolnte, hot liaiited hj law and castom. Tke ferd of a 

had reeerred bj grant from the crown, saca and soea, lol and 

was aot aKTel J a proprietor, bat a priace; and his courts were aot oalj 



mrta of Uw, but frequently of criminal justice. The demesne, the assised, 
i the waste lands were his ; but the usufruct of ihe asaised lands belonged, 
n conditions, to the tenants, and the waate lands were not so entirely bis, 
I'UiHt he could exclude the tenants from the use of them. Il was this double 
i' Capacity, in which the lord stood to his tenants, as the arbiter of their rights, 
r of the land, which rendered it necessary to the due 
I discharge of the duty of his station, that the lord of a manor should be 
k-tuch a person as Reta describes, Book II. cap. 71, § 2, " Truthful in his 

I, faithful i 

' according to his o 
young hanger on, 
learned in the law 

vill, but to 

n faithful a 


lover of justice and of God, a hater of 
concerns him not to act with violence, or 
follow advice, not being guided by some 
flatterer, but by the o|)inion of persons 
id honest, and of much experience." 
Manors were petty royalties ; the court and household of the lord re- 
sembling in some degree that of the King. In Fleta (II. § 2-18) an account 
is given of the officers of the royal household, the Senescallus Hospitii 
Regis, who held his court in the palace ; the Mareacalius, the CamerariuB, 
the Clericus coquinEB, and Clencus panetarii ; but in the latter part of the 
ik, which treats of the management of manors, we find the lord of the 
ided by the Senescallus, who held his courts, by the Marescallus, 
who had the charge of his stud, and by the Coqiius, who rendered an 
account of the daily expenditure to the Senescallus. 

Regarded as landed estate, the manorial possessions of the Sovereign 
did not diSer from those of his subjects ; the profits, which were derived 
to the Crown from the manors, which formed the Terra Regis in the various 
counties, did not differ from those which the Barons or Bishops, or the Canons 
of St. Paul's derived from the manors in their hands. We have a proof of 
the correctness of this statement in the fact, that the Extenta Maneriorum,"" 
which contains the Articles of Inquiry made by the officers of the Exchequer 
into the condition and value of the royal manors, is the counterpart, both of 
the Articles of Inquiry which Fleta recommends every lord of a manor to 
use for his own information, and also of those which are to be found in this 
volume (p. 133), as the Articuli Vieitationis Maneriorum, exhibited by the 
Chapter of St. Paul's to their tenants in the year 1290. Whether a manor 
was held by a sovereign or by a subject, there was the same need of subor- 

* Statnlei of Ihe ReHim, to). I. p. 212. 


dinate agents to take charge of the territory, to cultivate the demesne* to 
exact the rents and services of the tenants, to gather in the produce, to 
transport it to the palace of the sovereign, or the chief residence of the 
lord, and to render an account of expenditure and receipt ; and it must be 
evident, that if the manors of any of the nobility approached in number to 
the manors of the crown, the number of their officers must have approached 
in number to the officers of the Exchequer. As respects the royal manors, 
the Ballivus of the hundred appears to have accounted to the Vicecomes 
of the county, who rendered his account to the Treasurer and Barons of 
the Exchequer, a court which had the power to compel any of the debtors 
of the Crown to render a just account. The statute law however authorised 
the lords of manors to constitute for themselves a court, with powers over 
their debtors or officers of account scarcely less than those of the Exchequer. 
By sec. xxiii. of the Provisiones of Hen. III., repeated in the Statutes of 
Marlborough 52 Hen. IH. sec. xxiii., and strengthened by the Statutes of 
the Exchequer,* power was given to lords of manors to assign to their 
sergeants, bailiffs, chamberlains, and other receivers. Auditors of accounts, 
which Auditors could commit to jail any person, certified by them to be in 
arrear as to their account, there to remain in irons, at their own cost, until 
they had fully satisfied their lords in respect of their arrears. 

For the management of the legal business of a manor, the collection of 
the revenue, and the cultivation of the demesne, the lord required three 
officers, the Senescallus, the Ballivus, and the Prsepositus. 

The Senescallus (who is represented in modem times by the Steward of 
courts) is described in Fleta ii. 72, as the Senescallus Communis ;f because, 
as it appears, the several manors, which belonged to his lord, were all com- 
mitted to his care, though it was not expected, that he should always per- 
form his duty in person, nor oftener than was requisite for him to become 
fully acquainted with the manors. The person proper to be appointed to 
this office was one, who, having all the moral qualities of faithfulness, 

* Statutes of the Realm, vol. I. pp. 11, 24, 197. 

f In a book of St. Paul's, marked D, do longer extant, bat of which a table of con- 
tents is given in Dean Lyseuz's Catalogue, a.d. 1447, there was this entry : — '* Item 
de officio et exhibitione Communis Serrientis, et quod ipse debet ezercere jurisdictionem 
temporalem Decani et Capitnli." 


1 dUcretJoQ, was well ax;quainted with the law and customs of 
(provincia) and with the nature of bis office, in order to msin- 
taiDing the rights of his lord, and instructing the utidtr bailiffs in all their 
errors and doubts. It was his duty to hold the manorial courts, and 
generally to be acquainted with every particular relative to the manor, its 
extent, its cultivation, the number of tenms and the condition of the stock, 
the conduct and behaviour of the bailiffs, the fines, amercements, reliefs, 
heriots, offerings, and sales, and tiie persons who have received such monies 
— and so also of wardships and maritagia — and of injuries or death h»[iptn- 
ing to the stock. He received also the account of the daily expen- 
diture from the various officers of the household, but no inoDey of any 
kind belon^ng to the lord came into hia own hands. He was the legal 
adviser of his lord, the judge of hia court, the guardian of his rights, and 
the person who was atquainted with evfry particular, as to the possessions 
and duties of every one connected with the management or cultivation of 
the manor. 'Inhere were no rights or duties of which the Court of Exche- 
quer took cognisance on the part of the King, of which, on a. smaller scale, 
the Senescallus had not also cognisance on the part of the lord, the tenants 
of the manor standing \a a relation to the lord, analogous to that in which 
tenants in capite and others stood to the Crown. 

Next in order to the Senescallus stood the Ballivus That he was an 
officer of authority may be gathered from the mention made of him at 
Barling (p. 66), as directing the labour of one of the operarii ; and at 
Nnslok (p. 75) as surveying the windfall limber. He is also described (at 
p. 86) as the Ballivus manerii, who attended at the hundred court twice in 
the year to perform service for the manor of Cbingford ; and it is olso 
probable, that be is the officer, who as Serviens or BedcUus curice directed 
the application of the labour of the tenants on the same manor (p. 8<> and 
89). IJut for the fuller account of his duties we must again refer to Fleta 
(c. 73), from whom we learn, that though generally charged with the cultiva- 
tion of the lands of the demesne, his chief labour and responsibility consisted 
in a diligent superintendeore and inspection of the works of ploughing, 
mowing, reaping, carrying, &c. which were due from the tenants, and to be 
performed by them ; in taking care to summon all the teams, and to prevent 
llicir casting off, before l.hey had performed their day's work, to measure 
the work done, and to ascerUin whether it wos good. Upon the Ballivus 


lay the duty, not only of plouglibg the lands by the labour of th« tenanta, J 
but aUo of getting in the Eeed; and the task was one, which manifeRtly T 
required the utmost vigilance, whea they who ploughed the lands, and 1 
provided to a great extent the seed required, were not paid for their labour, I 
and had no interest in ploughing and sowing lands to increase the profit of i 
the lord at their expense. If the Ballivus had power to exact the labour, f 
he had also every opportunity to harass ihe tenants in the discharge of his 1 
office ; and therefore Fleta includes amongst the qualifications of the Balli- 
vus not only truthfulness, diligence, fidelity, and knowledge of the ordinaiy J 
laws pertaining to his office, but also "quod sit ila Justus, quod ob vin-l 
diclam vel cupiditalem non queerat versus tenentes Doroini, vel aliquos uU f 
subditoa, occasiones injustas, per quas destrui (destringj P) deberent Mil I 
gmviter amerciari." 

In the lists of the jurors prefixed to the Inquisitions of the Manon 
of St. Paul's in 1.'22 we find frequent mention of the Preepositus, tA 
Kadendon, Sandun, Chingeford, Sutton, and Bernes. From the Survey of 
1279 we learn, that certain of the tenants were compellable to accept thii 
office : that it was an annual office ; and that whilst performing its duties J 
the tenant was exonerated from other services : and from Flela, (c. 76> I 
that the Priepositus was elected by the Villata, presented to the lord, I 
or to his steward, and by him invested without delay in the office. J 
His dudes were supplementary U> those of the Ballivus; he shared with I 
him in exacting the services of the teams, and getting in the need; biitl 
besides this he had the care of the manure of the farmyard, and the J 
spreading it upon the land ; and to see that those, whose duty it i 
cart the manure, performed each day the labour which was due. Beside* I 
other duties, be had the superintendence of the cattle, the horses, oxea, ' 
and cows, and also of the buildings and dead stock of the 
might, perhaps, term him the " foreman " of the labourers ; and, as elected .^ 
by the villata, the protector of his fellows, in that he adjusted < 
settled, ill conjunction with the Ballivus, the amount of labour to be 
exacted from the tenants, or to be compounded for in money ; for we read 
in Flela (c. 72) that it was the duty of the Propositus every week to 
calciilale with the BailifF the customs (cousueludines) of the week, and keep 
a tally of the days' works, that so the arrears of the days' works might be 
ascertained, and, being couvertcd into money-paymeDt, the revenue of t! 

lard might be iacreased. The Praepoaitus had also charge of the granary, 
to deliver by tallies corn to be baked, aud niatt to be brewed, and the 
bran and pollard to be used in niakini^ bread for the domestics, and in 
feeding the teams and the dogs It would be foreign to the purpose of this 
Preface, to exhibit more fully the description given by Fleta of the internol 
condition of a manor, and the method of its cultivation ; enough, however, 
may liave been adduced to explain the relatinn, in which the tenants of 
manors stood to their lords, as cultivators of the demesne lands, and to 
show, how intricate must have been the system of account between the lord 
and the tenants, with lands minutely divided amongst a perpetually -varying 
tenantry : and also how dependent the lords were, upon the faithfulness of 
their Senescalli, Ballivi, and Propositi. 

It appears then, that a Manor was both a Seignory and also a Farm; a 
Seignory, as respected the occupiers of the lands held by the payment of 
services, rents, reliefs, and heriots ; and a Farm, as respected the demesne 
lands ; the Sencscallus, or Steward, being the representative of the lord and 
the judge of the manorial courts ; and the Uallivus being the officer, who 
exacted the services due from the tenants for the cultivation of the demesne. 

In the case of a lord possessing only a single manor, it is obvious that, 
though he was the chief of many tenants, his wealth consisted only in the 
produce of a portion of the land, and the annual or occasional payments of 
the tenants ; and if we might suppose that, in the earlier division of the 
Anglo-Saxon kingdoms into manors, each manor had its separate lord, the 
lords, as a body, would have been scarcely so wealthy as the ordinary 
class of country gentlemen of our time. Such, we may gather from the 
Exchequer Domesday, were the Thanes of the time of the Confessor, whose 
lands and manors were conferred by the score and the hundred upon the 
Norman chiefs, whom William brought with him into England, and who 
formed a Baronial nobility, fewer by far in number than the Anglo-Saxon 
Thanes, but greatly exceeding that of the Anglo-Saxon Earls. The Norman 
lord, on becoming the owner of fifty manors and dispossessing the fifty 
thanes, does not appear to have altered the character and relation of the 
tenants ; the Villani and Bordarii and Cotarii and Sevvi remained in the 
same position, transferring to the use of one chief lord the services and 
customs before paid to the several owners, who had been dispossessed. 

It has been before observed, that manorial property, whether beloDgiDg 


to secular persons or to ccclesiasticnl bodies, was identical in its charmcter, aa 
regarded the riglits of the lord, the services of the tenants, and the general 
method of culture. The lords of manors, whether laymen or clergymen, were 
equally dependent upon the seasons, for the estent of their crops and the 
realiKatian of their incomes. Against this unci; rtaijity the layman, who had 
no interests to consult, but those of himBclf and his family, could easily pro- 
vide : hut not so the dean and canons of a cathedral, who had to furnish a 
fixed stipend and certain allowances from day to day for a large number of 
ministers and Burvauts, forming a household of no inconsiderable extent ; 
the want of maintenance would be at once the disorganisation, if not the 
dissolution, of the body. It was therefore necessary, that arrangements 
should be made, for drawing from the estates of the cathedral a permanent 
income and definite qnantiiiea of produce, and by a sacrifice of a portion of 
the whole value of the estates to secure the remainder as a fixed and 
constant revenue. For this purpose it appears that, after appropriating 
certain lands, as prebends, for the support of each of the thirty Canons, th« 
remaining manors of the cathedral were formed into a separate stock, 
denominated the " Commnna," the management of which was the joint 
care of the resident members of the Chapter, as the separate prebends were 
of each of the Canons. Every manor of the Communa wns placed "ad 
Grmam " in the hands of a "Firmarius;" who exercising all the rights, 

i performing all the duties of the Chapter, as the Lord of the Manor, look 
r which were over and above tb« 
which consisted of certain money- 
lats, and barley, 
held a beneficial lease. The Angio-Saxt 
" food ;" and the verb jreoj'mian is no 
supply with food ; " and the " firmarii 
cultivated the land, but because he was bound to furnish ^eo^me or food 
of a certain amount for the supply of the cathedral body.* 

It is probable, that this mode of letting to farm the lands of monasteries 
and conventual bodies was in existence under the Anglo-Saxon kings; and 

II the cue in the 
'' rento"!." (See 

to his own use all the profits of the r 
"firraffi," which it was his duly to render,L 
payments and so many quarters of whea 

The Firmariut 
in peo}-me is not *' a farm," but 
"farm or cultivate," but "to 
ras so termed, not because he 

• A firiHa mighl lie rendrrfd dilirr in pfodum oi 
■nsaor of Belcliamp (aee p 12.')), and bean the warifli 
tad in procHa of lime >n eiUtc 
Speloiin, in voce Piroii.} 

" mtafil onl; 




that whenever a manor is described in the Exchequer Domesday as " de 
▼ictu monachorum," the term implies, that the manor was in an especial 
manner a purveyor of food to the monastery. The records of St. Paul's do 
not supply us with information upon this subject of an earlier date than the 
time of Dean Wulman» who was contemporary with MauricCi Bishop of 
LfOndon, who was consecrated in 1085. 

Lists of the " firmae," as furnished by the different manors at two periods, 
are contained in Book L. ; but that in the *' Statuta Majora " represents the 
firmsB at the end of the thirteenth century. We have thought it convenient 
to exhibit the earlier and the later lists in parallel columns, as pointing 
out not only the specific character of a '' firma " as food or provision 
for a household for weeks and days, but also the alteration of the num- 
ber of the firmoB, which in the earlier times were a supply of nearly fifty- 
three weeks, but afterwards of only forty-five. 

Book L. Fol. 1. 
Tempore Wulmanni Decani. 

Statuta Majora. 
Circa a.d. 1300. 

Bema reddidit .... 

Suttona reddidit 

Cingeford reddidit 

Draituna reddidit 

Naaastocha * Edwini reddidit . 

Nasastocha Aldwini reddidit 

Runwella reddidit 

Sandona Roda LufTenhada reddidit 

Ardleia reddidit 

Bariinga reddidit 

Gadendona reddidit 

TUlingham reddidit 

Wicham reddidit 

Nortuna reddidit 

Belcham reddidit 

Tidwoldentuna reddidit 


Septimanas. Dies. 
2 2* 











Bemes solvit 
Sutton solvit 
Cbiugoford solvit 
Draiton solvit . 
Nastok solvit 

Saudon solvit 
Ardleia solvit 
Barling solvit . 
Cadendona solvit 
Tillingham solvit 
Wicham solvit . 

Beancham solvit 
Tidwoldentun solvit 






. 10 




* The manor of Navestock is so divided in the Exchequer Domesday. In the reign 
of Henry I. the division had ceased. See the Inquisition of Naatock, p. 144. 


This appropriation of the manors of a cathedral to furnish a weekly 
supply of food, may he considered as an illustration of the noticeBy which 
perpetually recur in the Exchequer Domesday, of articles of produce, as 
well as sums of money, received from manors and counties under the 
denomination '* firma noctis," and '' firma diei." Sir Henry Ellis, in his In- 
troduction to Domesday, p Ixxii., enumerates thirty-one manors as rendering 
such firmae to the crown in the time of the Confessor. From the fact that 
the manors in the counties of Wiltshire, Dorsetshire, and Somersetshire, 
then subject to the firms, were not only royal manors, but specially de- 
scribed as having never paid ^* geld,*' and in some instances its being unknown 
to the jurors how many hides the manor contained, it may be fairly inferred, 
that those manors were the inheritance of the Anglo-Saxon kings ; and though 
from those alone, in the time of the Confessor, produce was supplied equal 
to the maintenance of the royal household for only a few nights or days, it is 
probable that in still more ancient times the like provision was made for 
the whole year, according to the practice existing a century later in the 
cathedral of St. Paul. The amount of produce constituting the ** firma 
unius noctis *' is not mentioned ; but the sum paid by the county of Oxford, 
as a ** firma " for three nights, was one hundred and fifty pounds. And 
though, at first sight, the expenditure of so large a sum as fifty pounds 
(equal in weight to 1 50/. of our present silver coinage, and in value to ten 
or twelve times that sum) in a single night, would be scarcely credible ; still, 
upon supposition, that these were the greater ** firms " expended at the 
great festivals, when the King was surrounded by all his earls, and thanes, and 
bishops, and displayed his hospitality to the Court, and feasted the people of 
a city or town, the amount would hardly seem excessive, even supposing 
that the 50L passed at once into the Royal Exchequer, unimpaired by fees 
and perquisites to the officers. 

The commutation into money rent of that fixed quantity of the produce 
of a manor, which was to be rendered in kind, was a process as natural as it 
was convenient ; and it would appear, that a ** firma" paid in money was at 
one time distinguished by the term " firma alba." It is probable, that many 
of the manors belonging to the Conqueror paid their rents to the Ex- 
chequer in money, and not in kind ; and yet the custom of rendering the 
firmae in kind was still so common, that the author of the " Liber Niger 
Scaccarii " (quoted by Spelman, in voce Firma), relates it, as the tradition of 


his time, that ia the primitive condition of the kingdom after the Conquest, 
provisions, and not gold or silver, were paid to the kings from their lands, 
out of which distribution was made of necessaries for the daily use of the 
royal household ; payment from other sources, and for other purposes, 
being in money. The pmctice continued during the whole of the reign of 
William, and down to the time of Henry hia son; the same author stating, 
that he had been acquainted with persons, who had themselves seen those 
provisions brought, at fixed times, from the estates of the king to the 
palace. Re.nts appear to have been paid in kind to the Chapters, for some 
time after they ceased to be so paid to the Exchequer. The general un- 
willingness of churchmen to admit of change, would be of itself sufficient to 
account for the continuance of a system of payment, after it had fallen else- 
where into desuetude ; even had there not been found in the cathedral body 
a class of persons, namely, the Firmarii, who derived a personal benefit 
from the ancient system, and whose relation to the Cathedral, as well as the 
duties incumbent upon them, we shall now describe. 

The earliest record of a manor belonging to St. Paul's being let to farm 
relates to the tnsnor of Barnes, which in the year 1108 was leased to two 
brothers, William and Walberlus, for the term of their lives, for a gift of 
ten shillings, and at the annual rent of eight pounds and a sextarius of wine. 
(See p. 127.) A lease of the manor of Cadendon was granted to Baldewin 
the son of Hugo, one of (he canons of the church, prior to the year 1138, 
Willielmus the Dean, who died in that year, having been a witness to the 
execution of the lease. (See p. 1*24.) The leases of Runwell and Adulves- 
naia (see page 125), the one to Richard the Archdeacon, the other to William 
of Occhendon, are of as early a date as 1150; but whether Ihls William de 
Occhendon, as well as one Humfridus Qucvinte, who at that time held a lease 
of Kensvrorth (sec page 12»), were Canons of the Cathedral is uncertain. 
The Inquisition of 1181 (seep. 1 1 1 ) records the names of all the Firmarii 
of the manors at that period, of whom Nicholas de Sigillo, Ricardus Ruffus, 
Gilbertus, William Archdeacon of Gloucester, and Nicholas Archdeacon of 
London, were Canons of the Cathedral; but whether Hubertus Archdeacon 
of Canterbury, who was the Firmariua of Cadendon and Kensworth, Robert 
de Fulham, William and Theodoric, Odo de Dammartino, Johannes de M«- 
regiii, and Johannes, who held Wicham, Tillingham, Norton, Naslock, and 
Bernes respectively U> farm, were also Canons, does not appear. The same 

CAMD. 80C. ff 

ines de Ditton had 
ind 10. Robert de 


remark is applicable also to the Fimiarii of the manora in I22i, but with 
tbia addition, that some relatives of the canons appear to have been lessees, 
the lease continuing in the ^ame family for more than a single generation! 
Thus we find William de Burnham holding the Manors of Beauchamp and 
Adulvesnasa, which had been held by Alardus de Burnham the Dean ; and 
John de d'no Martino held the manor of Norton, which Odo de d'no Mar- 
lino had before held ; and Johannes de Marinia was in 1181 Firmarius of 
Nastock. prior to which time Hugo de Marinis was Dean. A century 
later, in 1315 (the Deanery was then vacant), all the manors were held 
to farm by the following Canons; — 1. Richard de Neuport, Archdeacon of 
MiddleseK, held two manors, Adulvesnasa and Chingford ; 2. Richard de 
Gravescnd, the Treasurer, held four, Cadetidon with Kensworth, Ardeley, 
and Itunwel! ; 3. Robert de Clntliall, the Chancellor, had BarlJng ; 4. 
'I'hnmas de Nnrthfleet had Drayton ; 5. Thomas de Cobham had Bemes 
and Wicham ; d, Henricus de Saracenis had Sandon with Norton and 
Tillingham ; 7. Walterus de Thorp had Sutton ; 8. Jobs 
Beauchamp ; 9. William de Chadelshunt had Nastok ; 
Buldock had Ilcybiigge. 

ir present subject to explaii 
ir of probation, by which Canons of St. Paul'* 
»ill be sufficient to remark, that of the Thirty 
isidcntiarics, that the number continually varied, 
more than three or four of the Canons quslified 
themselves for the office, and that during the thirteenth and fourteenth 
centuries the Residentiary Canons, or, as they wore also termed, the Stagiarii, 
were without exciption the Fimiarii of the Manors. In the year I28S, 
when the Deanery was vacant by the translation of Thomas de Ingoldes- 
thorp to the bishojirick of Rochester, Ralph de Baudake, then Archdeacon 
of Middlesex and Canon of the Church, had the lease of Sutton granted 
lo him, " ob meritum reiiidentiie ;" and there are accounts in later docu* 
ments of meetings of the Residentiaries upon the death or removal of one 
of their body, at which each of them, according to their seniority, and 
"juKla cursum residentiae," either chose for himself the lease, or declined 
to take it, as each of the manors, which had been held by the late member 
of the Chnpter, was submitted to his option. The offire of Firmarius wai 
■ source of wealth, and was limited to those who were Canons of tb« 

It would be foreign ti 
I'iouB services during a yes 
became Residentiaries; it * 
Canons only a part were Re 
that at the Reformation not 

n detail (he labn- 



Cathed i al, the pnctiee of grantbig manors to ium to olher persons than 
members of the Chorch haring fonnerlj led to inconTenlences, and en- 
dangered the propertj of the Chapter. In the earlier leases we find the 
Chapter taking sureties for the performance of the coTenants in the lease^ 
and in specific terms guarding against the assumption on the part of the 
hors of the lessee of an j hereditary right in the manor. 

The Firmarins on his acceptance of a lease, like the incoming tenant of 
modem times, had the particulars of the estate described to him, and the con- 
dition in whidi it was to be rendered, at the termination of the lease. It 
must howerer be borne in mind, that the state of the manors, as respected 
their cnhiTation, and thequalitj and quantity of the stock, was not uniform, 
and that accordingly there is considerable yariety in the coTenants of the 
leases. When po ss e ssi on was given to the Firmarius by some of the 
canons deputed for that purpose, an iuTcntory was taken of the effects upon 
the estate and a return made in writing to the C*hapter. (p. 130, line 4.) 
In the Inrentory (which always formed part of the lease) a minute de- 
scription was given of the mansion and its buildings ; the halla or aub, 
its length and breadth and height, distinguishing the height above the 
tie-beam from that below it ; the dnnus between the halla and the thalamus, 
the height, breadth, and length of each being similarly described, (p. 1 29, 
line 2.) A mansion of a different construction contained an aula, camera, 
and tresantia, et duae private domus. (p. 132, line I.) In another in- 
stance the hall had on the south ^'unum appenditium *' (p 136, line 18); 
attached to the dwdling-hoose were the coquina (kitchen), the bracinium 
(brewery), and the malthoose, the dairy, the henhouse (p. 132), the ba- 
terissa (washhouse), the porcaria (pigstye), the oxshed, the sheepshed, 
the lambhouse. (p. 129.) 

In the inventories of the live stodL in the leases of the twelfth century we 
find oxen valued each at 2t. 4i^ and at 3f. Horses, in one place (p. 122), at 
IQf., but in others at St. (p. 1 26), and also at 5#., 4«., and 3f . Sheep at 4^. ; 
pigs, 5if., StLf and I2d. ; a sow with nine pigs, I9d. ; goats at 4d. In six 
plough-teams, five of them having ten oxen and one only eight, the oxen 
were valued at 3t. each. Besides these, the geese, the cocks, and hens, and 
capons found a place in the Inventory, as well as the old cat and her young 
ones (p. 132) ; nor were the tables and benches, the pots and pans, the 



I, bowls, mills, hatcbets, and other implemeiita of the farm- 
house, omitted. The barns and granges were all carefully eounieraled, 
and the length and breadth and height of them were so accurately de- 
scribed, that plans of them might be drawn from the description. At 
Wicham the largest bam nas 55 feet long, but at Walton there was one 
of 160 feet; and, as the bams were received by the Firmarius more or 
less fill) uf all kinds of grain, he was bound to surrender them in the same 

The lands of the demesne appear generally to have had two partB of theni 
sown with winter and spring corn, the remaining third being fallow ; and 
as the Firmarius found the land sown with wheat, barley, oats, beans, or 
peas, or in fallow, so be was to render them. At Nastock (p. 133), the term 
for which the Firmarius held the lease expired at Michaelmas, on which 
day he was bound to deliver up the great grange full, on one aide of winter 
and OR the other side of spring corn, and all the hay of the year, with 
the whole of the course in fallow, forty acres of it being twice ploughed 
(rebinalffi), and folded and manured according to his means. 

The Firmarius, as representing the Chapter, made agreements with the 
tenants for taking lands to rent, which the Chapter was sometimes bound 
by the lease to confirm (p. 125) ; in other cases the previous approval of 
the Chapter appears to have been necessary, as may be seen in the articles 
of visitation, (p. 157*.} 

The Churches or parsonages of the manors were frequently included in 
the lease. Thus at p. 1:^8 we read " Iradiderunt ei canooici liberam 
ecclesiam ab omni persona," without a parson or rector, and in that 
condition it was to be restored. In the Manor of Adutvesnaia there 
were three churches, at Walton, Kirkby, and Thorp ; and it was the COD- 
ditioo, upon which Richard the Archdeacon of Middlesex held them &bout 
the year 1150 (see page 132), that he should keep them free iu his own 
hand, without appointing any parson to any of them, so that on the sur- 
render of the manor into the hands of the Chapter, the churches should ba 
found without any parson appointed to ihem. 

In this way the Firmarius of the early periods held both the manor 
and the church to farm ; a practice strongly denounced in the prologue to 
the inquisition of the churches belonging to the manors in 1181 (see 







146) ; but as it appears, rather for the soke of preventing temporal 
Slid spiritual dues from being confounded, to the diminution of the latUr, 
than with the intention of securing the revenues to the officiating clergy. 
The Dean and Chapter kept the parsonages in iheir own hands, hut as is 
Btoted, they would appoint i vicar ; for whose support, if the altarage alone 
was sufficient, with that be was to be content ; if it was insufficient, some 
decent addition was to be made at will out of the tithes. All other profits 
of the church, as well as the greater tithes, were to be reserved for the 
^"Canons, or be let to farm to the chaplains or clerks at an annual rent, 
'hat lords of manors, being members of a cathedral, should appropriate 
lo the use of their body the tithes of their lands, may not seem so 
much out of course ; there is reason however to believe, that the lordx of 
manors in general, of that age, were not satisfied with the simple right of 
advowson, and the privilege of nominating a clerk to the church ; and the 
numerous instances, which occur in the Exchequer Domesday, of churches, 
bud even parts of churches, valued with the manors, especially in the 
county of Norfolk, seem to indicate, that the revenues of the Church, as well 
as the right of presentation, were in some manner divided to the advantage 
of the lords. 

It appears from the inquisition of 1181 (pages 140 — 152), that the 
Canons of St. Paul's derived a revenue from nearly all the churches of their 
utanors, and that it was paid either directly to themselves by some Clericus, 
hom they were entrusted, or to Ihcir Firmariua. Thus Cadendon paid 
to the canons 20i. by the hands of Rodbert and Rodbert, clerks ; Eens- 
irth 20*. hy Augustine the Clerk ; Ardeleia was held by Hamo Clericus, 
lud paid three marks and a half ; Willesdon paid eight marks, hy Germanus 
the Clerk ; Tidwoldlntun paid 20^. by the hands of Hugo de London. 
Other Churches paid as follows ; Snndoo, which in the time of King Henry 
was not in the firma of the manor, and rendered nothing, paid five marks 
•Ao the canons by the hands of Richard the Canon, the Firroarins ; Tilling- 
onc mark, by the Finnarius ; Barling 20j. ; Nastock 60i., Drayton 
■id., Sutton IOj,, in the same manner. The Firmariua derived a reve- 
to himself from the following churches : From Waleton 20»., from 
lorp Sdt. 

three of the Churches had a '' Persona," namely, Belchamp, 



Wicham, and Runwell. But there was a " Sacerdos " ut IJemes. The I 
parson of Belchanip, however, paid a mark to the Finnarius, and the parson J 
of Wicham two shillings annually to the canons.* 

The privilpgea and emoluments of the Firmarii, as the leaseholders of tkaf 
manors, and representatives of the Chapter, being thus described, ' 
ceed to give an account of the " firma" which tbey rendered. 

Each *' firma " at St. Paul's was considered to be the " firma " or food 1 
for a single week. If a manor rendered several SnoFD in the course of tha'l 
year, it was sometimes ogretd that the payment should be wholly in money, J 
in which case the '' firma" was said to be '> in denariis"; but the finnsl 
generally consisted of produce as well as money. In the leases of tb« j 
twelfth century wc read, that Wicham was leased for life, on the condition of 
paying in the first year Iviiii. iiiie/ and one " parva firma panis et cervisise 
cum viirf. elemoainse," ond in the following year two similar firrocc, and with 
each fifty fihillings in money ; the firma to be rendered on the foast of St. J 
Martin and the Nativity of John the Baptist, being Sunday, or c 
Sunday preceding. In the lca!>c of Cadendon (p. 124) we read t 
" plenaria firma," but we have no trace in later docuraenls of the diatinciioii 
between the " plenaria " and the "parva firma." In thi) same lease we 
find mention of another sum of money, termed '' libcratio," which amounti'd 
to 1/. I3». id.; the full description of a firma being that in t 
of Sandon (p. 134), " firma, in pane et cervisia, et liberalione, et ele- i 
mosina, et conatantiis plstrini et bracini," the firma in pane et cervisit 
being produce in grain ; the liberalio, money for wages ; the elemoslna, 
alms to be distributed at the Cathedral ; and the constantiie pistrlni ct 
bracini, a payment for wood to be used in the bakehouse and brewery. 
The reader wilt bear in mind that this description of the firma is of [he 
early date of 1 150: for the appropriation of the firmx we must 
CompotuB Moneriorum (p. 153 — 164), which exhibits the number and I 
quality of the firmiE, as paid and received at Si. J'aul's, at the conclusion of I 
the thirteenth century. In that document we find the payment in produce I 
distinguished from the money payments, the latter described as paymentt i 

• Id tbe imill lumi still |iiiid to (he Cstbedrali b; tlie Incumbeoli of ParochU'.| 
Churches, under Clic dcnuiiiiniitioD of Prutloni, «e baie tracca of owoeniliip ci 
bj tlio LiMil* of Maaun uvcr tbe tpiriluil reienuei of tLe pnnih. 







* ad denas et ad denum dennrium," and also ae " dizen^," * or as otherwise 
written "' disanje ; " the former as " firniEe." A single dizena amounted to 
three marks (forty shillings) and seven pence, of which two mark?) and a 
half (U. la*. 4d.) «as for the liberatio, or money payments for wages, half 
a mark (6«. 8rf.) for the constantia pistrini et bracini, i. e. wood for the 
brewery and bakehouse, and the remaining seven pence for alnia. 

The dizena has been thus divided on the authority of the statement 
made in pages 155, 156 ; which shews that after deducting the sums, either 
" ad defectum bracini," or " ad supplementum," there always remain 
the two marks and a half, 1/. \3s. 4d. Thus the payment from Beau- 
champ, 60«. — 1/. 6/. Hd. ^= II. I3s. 4d. The payment from Barling, 
4(1*. — 6j. 8rf. = I L I3i. 4d. That the half-mark thus described as paid 
ad defectum bracini, or ad supplementum, was for wood used in brewing 
and baking is shown by the statement in p. IGO, that with every firma 
6i. Bd was paid " ad boscum." And it is to be remarked, that the pay- 
ments made by Beauchamp twice in the year, of \l. Cj. Sd. each, together 
four marks, was at the rate of half a mark for each of the eight Sundays, 
on which payments were due from that manor. We identify the 11. I3t. Ad. 
paid every week to be " liberatio," that is, money paid in wages, by an entry 
in the Statuta Majors, (which states that, according to ancient custom, the 
following payments had been made weekly to the following persons,) and 
also by an entry in the inquisition of Nastok (Book I. p. 77), where the 
40». paid by the firmarius is said to he " ad denas vicariorum." 

£ ». d. 
To the 30 Vicars of the 80 Canons . lOrf. each =16 
To the three Minor Canons, and the 

Scriptor Tabula) . . . \0d. each = 034 

To nine Minor Canons . 5d. each = 039 

To the Sacristan 3 

To the three Servientes 7 

To the Hostiarius 3 

To the Janitor 2 

£1 13 4 

\ The number of persons who shared the dixena, but in different propor- 

Tlie meaning of the «or<]a dixena, snJ demis denarini, is doubtful. 


tionsy was forty-nine. Every' Sunday in the year, commencing with the 
festival of St. Faith> on the 6th of October, had its dizena, paid by each 
manor in regular succession, on more or on fewer Sundajrs, according to 
the agreement made with the Firmarius, and the extent of the manor. It 
is probable, that in the ancient adjustment of the Ormae, com was delivered 
every week throughout the year ; but at the end of the thirteenth century we 
find the firmae, which consisted of wheat, barley, and oats, delivered on no 
more than forty-five Sundays of the year, the delivery of the com com- 
mencing at the same time as that of the dizenae, on the festival of St. Faith. 
The manor, however, which paid the dizena in money on the one Sunday 
did not pay the firma in produce until the Sunday following, so that for 
the same Sunday the dizena was paid by one manor, and the firma by 

The forty-five firmae were furnished by thirteen manors. Each firma 
consisted of sixteen quarters of wheat, sixteen quarters of oats, and three 
quarters of barley, the whole quantity delivered in the year being 720 
quarters of wheat, 720 quarters of oats, and 136 quarters of barley, con- 
taining, ad mensuram Regis, eight bushels per quarter. In the year 1250, 
the price of wheat being 4#. per quarter, of barley 2s. 6d, and oats 20</. 
the whole value of the corn, and other payments, was estimated at 277/. 

It only remains, that wes hould give an account of the use which was 
made of the com thus delivered, of its conversion into bread and beer, and 
its division among the members of the Cathedral. On the west side of the 
street now called Godliman Street stood the bakehouse : it was a lai^ 
building, and its place is still identified by Paul's Bakehouse Yard. The 
brewery probably adjoined it. There was a mill for grinding the com, 
worked by horses. There were four servants in the bakehouse, three in 
the brewery, and two at the mill, besides a clerk of the receipts. The 
brewery and the bakehouse were under the charge of an officer, the Gustos 
Bracini. In 1283 Thomas de Couling, and in 1286 John de Braynford, 
held the office : a copy of the Compotus rendered by them in those years, 
recorded in Book I. will be found at p. 165. 

From these documents it appears, that in the year 1283 the number of 
bakings was one hundred and thirty-seven ; they baked at least five times 
in every fortnight : four quarters of wheat — containing not eight bushels, 
according to the men sura Regps, but seven bushels, ad mensuram bracini — 


were ground for e&ch baking. Tlie number of lo&Teii produced was, in 
the nthole year, 40,266, and the average number from each baking 290. 
We learn from an entry in the first page of Book L., that Ailwardiis 
Hufus, one of the Cnnona (Archdeacon of Colcheater circa 1150), was 
Custos Bracini and Pistrini, and that in his time the greater loaf of the 
Canons of St. Paul's neighed seven marks, one ounce lesa, the lesser loaf 
half that weight; but that from the third year before the death of King 
Stephen (in 1154) the greater loaf weighed six marks and a half, the lesser 
three marks and two ounces. The four loaves therefore, which every Canon 
then received every day, namely two large and two small, weighed together 
nineteen marks and a half; and, the mark being eight ounces, or two~thirds 
of the pound troy, the whole weight of the bread per day was 156 ounces. 
Tlie loaf of St. Paul's, the same document informs us, was larger than that 
of other religious houses. The loaf of the Canons Reffular of Holy Trinity, 
l/ondnn, weighed three marks six ounces. The same was the weight of the 
loaf of the Canons of Merton, whilst that of the Canons of St. Bartholomew 
weighed only two marks one ounce. We notice these facts as indicating 
that other religious houses received rents in kind, in the same way as 
St. Paul's, and that the rents so paid were distributed in a similar manner. 
The daily distribution of brend to the different members of the cathedral 

I the year 1283 na.i as follows :— 
To each of the thirty Canons three loaves per day; 
total in the year 02,760 
To three of the Mine 
the Chaplain celebrating for the 
■oulofWiiUamdeSancta Maria 
the Dean, and to the Scriptor 
Librorum Ecelesim — five per- 

: total. 


To the nine Minor Canons, with \ 

the Custos Bracini — making a j each one loaf . 3,G40 

tenth person . . / 

To the Sacristan " pro hostiis," one loaf per week . 52 

Procuratori Gil her ti do. .52 

To the Firmarii, for each firma one loaf ... 46 

Carried forward , . . .40,189 



Brought forward .... 40,189 

To the Parish Church, pro pane benediclo ... 4 

To the Servants of the Brewery for pittances • . 200 

To the M arescallus 4 

For the rent of Adelburton 4 

For the Coopers, the Infirm, minute pittances, and 

other matters 16 

To Walter Hervy, for fifteen weeks .... 45 

And two loaves at the installation of two Canons . 2 

The brewings at the Cathedral took place nearly twice every week. In 
1286 there were one hundred brewings in the year. The quantity of grain 
consumed, consisted of — 

175 quarters of barley, 
175 do. of wheat, 
720 do. of oats. 

At each brewing there was used— of wheat one quarter and a half and 

two bushels, at seven bushels to the quarter, = 12^ bushels; of barley 

one quarter and a half, of the same measure, = 1 J bushels ; and seven 

quarters of oats, at eight bushels the quarter, = 56 bushels ; the total 

quantity of grain being 79 bushels, nearly 10 quarters, and the number of 

bollse, or gallons, produced from each brewing averaging 678. We learn 

from the Compotus of 1286, that the whole number of bolls brewed was 

67,814 ; the distribution being as follows: — 


To the thirty Canons, thirty bolle per week to each . = 46300 

To five other persons, six bollae per week to each . = 7,800 

(Three Minor Canons, the Chaplain, and the Scriptor Librorum.) 
To ten other persons, three bolls per week to each . = 7,800 

(The nine Minor Canons and the Custos Bracini.) 
To the Porter, the Baker, the Brewer,^. _ 

the Drawer, and the Miller ) ^ • — » 

To the Servants on twenty-two double feasts .... 220 

To the Marescallus (horsekeeper), on four double feasts . 4 

Carried forward .... 64,418 


Brought fornard .... 64,418 

For t)ie rent of Adburton ....... 4 

To the Bakers when they make wastell and flacon ... 8 

To the Firmarii for forty-five firmsB ..... 90 

To the Clerk of St. Gregory, one boUa each week . . 52 

To the Carmelite brother, this year " Lector," for three quarlera 

and three weeks, at fourteen bollx per week . . . £88 

To liartholomew the Orologitis, after the arrival of William de 

Pikewell 23 

To the Infirm, " in villa "....... 4 

^^To the Sacristan and four Servieutibus (Virgers), 10 boll» each 

H per week 2,600 

H 67,787 

■ Sold ... 27 

H 67,814 

^m It appears from the Compotuii Braciiii of 1283 that — 

^H Wheat was sold at 6i. IQ|(/., at 6s , at Gi. Ad., and 6«. 6(/. per quarter. 

^H Pollard at 2f. per quarter. 

^^ Furfur (bran) I#. ■\d. per quarter. 

Barley, bought at 3a. Qd. per quarter of aeven bushela. 
The value of the loaf, and of a gallon of beer, were each of them three 

We have thus seen in what manner, and for what purposes, the firmarii 
delivered at the Cathedral the weekly firmia of money and produce, and alio 
the method of its distribution. It appears, however, that the business of 
the mill, of the brewery, and the bikehouse, upon taking account of the 
expenses, and making the accustomed deliveries of bread and beer to all 
the members of the Cathedral in their fixed proportions, left a profit, which 
was divided amongst the Canons in residence. In 1286 the sum to be 
divided was 25/. 19/. \d. In 1283 it was 24/. 6,. T^d. The particulars of 
the distiibution we have thought it convenient to state at full length, not 
merely as shewing the interest which the Residentiary Canons had in the 
profits, and in the distribution of the " Communa," but the manner in 
which residence was kept by the canons in the latter part of the thirteenth 



Canons Resident at St. Paul's in the Year 1283. 














The Dean 





The Archdeacon of Middlesex 





The Treasurer . . . , 





Johannes de Sancta Maria 


— . 



R. de Brandon 




— . 

R. de Stowe 




— . 

Archdeacon of Essex 




J. de Luke .... 




Cancellarios .... 


J. de Stranbrugg . 



Archdeacon of London . 

£ #. d. 

The whole sum divisable for the year being 24 6 7| 

the sum for each quarter would be . . 6 1 7f #. 
which, divided among the nine Residents of the Ist quarter, was to each 13 

eight „ of the 2nd » 15 

ten „ oftheSrd „ 12 

of the 4th „ 17 











Those who had resided in the four quarters received each 2/. 18i. 4i|i2. 
The Archdeacon of Essex and J. de Luke> for three quarters, 2/. lOt. 0}c{. 
John de Stranbrugg, for two quarters, 1/. 9#. Q^d. The Chancellor, for 
one quarter, 12#. 2d. The Archdeacon of London, for one quarter ISt. 6^d. 

Such was the mode in which the ** firms,*' received in kind at St. PauFs 
at the end of the thirteenth century, were distributed, and there is reason 
to believe that, during the greater part of the following century, tbey con- 
tinued to be regularly paid, that the work of the bakehouse and the brewery 
went on without interruption, and that the statutable distributions of bread 
and beer were made to the members of the Cathedral. The documenta« 
however, of the early part of the fifteenth century contain proof, that 
the social changes and political disturbances, which were then taking place, 
affected the Cathedral property, as respected its nature and management. 
The firmsB were no longer regularly distributed, the manors were unable to 


[provide the necessary gupplies, leases were granted for short periods to 
ether persons than niembera of the Chapter, and towards the end of the 
century the firma ceased, and the rents appear to have been wholly paid 
in money. 

It had been provided by the statutes of Ralph de Diceto (who was Dean 
D 1181), in case of dearth or pestilence occurring in the manors, that 
itbe delivery of bread and beer to the non-resident members should un- 
,dergo a reduction of one loaf and one gallon of beer per diem until the 
return of plenty; and further, that in case of dearth the firmarii should 
not be bound to deliver from their manors more wheat, barley, or oats, 
tban tbey were accustomed to pay ; nor was any firraariua required to deliver 
any corn, but that which was of the growth of the manor, only it must 
be ihe best of that which was there grown. It was also ordained, that 
^good beer should be brewed for the Ilesidentiaries, and common beer for 
jother persons. 

i that other than natural causes, such as are men- 
^tioned in the statutes of Ralph de Diceto, disturbed in the fourteenth cen- 
,tury the delivery of the firmas ; for during the Episcopate of Simon of 
, Sudbury, who was consecrated Bishop of London in 1S61, it was ordained 
.by an injunction, that a fine of \0s, should be inflicted upon the firmarlus, 
who failed to dii^liver Ihe firrote within fifteen days of the appointed time, 
and that if he continued in arrear, his lease should be forfeited, and given 
to the next expectant Canon. We learn, moreover, from an injunction of 
Robert Braybrooke, Bishop of London, bearing date 20 Oct. 1401 (in 
which the injunction of his predecessor, Simon of Sudbury, is recited^, 
that irregularities existed to such an extent, as not only to deprive the non- 
residents, but also the minor Canons and other members, of their usual 
allowances, The complaint came before the Bishop at his visitation; a 
fresh injunction was issued, with the consent of the Dean and the Chapter ; 
the previous injunction of Simon of Sudbury was renewed, and the deli- 
very of bread and beer to all the members enjoined according to the ancient 
cnstom. The Chapter was further directed to choose one of their own 
body, in the first week of October in each year, to be the Custos Bracini, 
and upon him was laid the duty of delivering the bread and beer ; the 
bread was to be served as before, but in lieu of beer five marks were to be 
given to every Canon, and to all other persons sums of money proper* 



tioned to their sllonance. The observance of this injunction was enforced 
under peril of the greater excommuoication. 

Causes, however, were in operation, to which we shall presently advert, 
which rendered even the fear of the greater ei communication Ineffective 
to produce perpetual obedience ; for it is recorded in the Statuta Minora 
(fol. 10:!), that on the 20 Oct. 1438, Robert Gilbert, Biahop of London, 
sate judicially in the Chapter-house, Reginald Kentwoode, ihe Dean, and 
John Bermingham, a (solitary) residentiary, being present also; and that 
there appeared personally thirteen of the non-resident Canons (the names 
are recorded), who made complaint to the Biahop, that in violation of the 
ancient customs of the Church and of the episcopal injunctions, from the 
feast of St. Anne (July 20) last past up to that day, no bread had been 
delivered, and that the beer had been kept back for more than three years. 
A conference took place between the Dean and the residentiary on the one 
part, and three of the Canons on behalf of the non-residents, and a fresh 
episcopal injunction was given to the Dean to pay to the complainants, 
before the feast of All Saints, what was due for bread from the feast of 
St, Anne to Michaelmas, and what was due from Michaelmas to the day 
of the visitation, before the end of the year. The arrears of payment for 
beer of the three preceding years were also to he satisfied before the 
Christmas following. To this injunction Dean Kentwoode and John Ber- 
mingham, the residentiary, gave their consent, and promised compliance. 

These incidents are related, not as anecdotes of capitular irregiilaritiei, 
but as clear indications of circumstances having occurred, which had altered 
the property of the Chapter, and disturbed the ancient arrangements. In 
the case of the manor of Nastock, it appears that in the year 1403 the 
rents of that manor had ceased to be in " firmai." A lease was granted in 
that year of the manor, the presentation to the vicarage, the tithes and all 
the appurtenances of the manor, to Laurence AUerthorp, a residentiary, at 
the annual rent of 40/., of which \Sl. 7s. Bd. represented the ancient 
firms of corn delivered to the brewery, and 211. \2s. Ad. the value of the 
manorial rights and the tithes ; the preamble of the lease stating, that the 
manor naa granted on these terms, as well because " propter insuflicientiam 
Buam ad nupportationem onerum ab antique impositorum eidem sufficere 
non valebit," as " propter alias causas veras ac legitimas tunc assignatas et 
capitulariter approbatas." In 1421 a departure was made from the ancient 



practice of limiling the leases to members of the Cathedral, and a leaK for 
five years waa granted to Reginald Malyns esquire, of the family of the 
De Malyas, who were lords of the adjacent village of Theydon Mount. 
The rent was only 36/. 13*, 4d., but the Chapter reserved to themselves, 
what we should now terra the manorial rights, as well as the presentation 
to the vicarage. In 1425 a similar lease was granted to Roger Passelewe 
of Chipping Ongar, yeoman, and four other; 
but in 1429, and to the year 1499, the mano 
more leased to residentiaries only, at the din 
which 1 1 1. 13f. 4d. instead of 18/. 7j. 8d. s 

i, at the increased rent of 42/.; 
r appears to have been once 
liiiished rent of 33/. 6t. 8ii., of 

I payable to the 
e of the estate had 

brenery ; a clear indication that the agricultural produc 
pro portion ably diminished in value. 

It cannot be doubled, thatthe condition of the landowners throughout the 
kingdom was materially affected by the wars of the Uoses, and that the un- 
settled condition of the country throughout the greater part of the fifteenth 
century must have weakened in a. great degree the authority of the lord over 
his tenants, and diminished the number of the tenants, and consequently the 
value of those praedial services in which the wealth of the Lord consisted. 
The decay, however, of prajdial service had begun in the previous century ; 
political disturbances hastened its dissolution, but it would probably have 
passed away under the influence of causes such as these, namely, commutatiuD 
of services for fixed money payments, changes in the population, and the 
progress of commerce and trade, which gradually raised up a class of 
jeomen, who occupied a middle and independent position between the lord 
of the manor and his customary tenants. 

Of the aecumulaliim of land by individuals in the same Manor there are 
traces in the Records of St, Paul's at as early a period as 1279. 

At that time, John Duraut, whose ancestor in 1 222 possessed only one 
virgale in Cadendon, appears on the Court Roll as possessing eight or ten 
tenements at least, which had been formerly held by other persons At 
Belchamp two tenants of the higher order, the Liberi Homines, the one, 
Martin de Suthmere, held by himself and his tenants 245 acres of land in 
the manor, and had twenty-two tenants rendering service to himself; the 
other, Robert Luckyn, held in the same manor 89 acres, and had twelve 
tenants doing him >iervice. It is remarkable also, that the name of the Earl 
of Oxford appears in the same Inquisition, as holding 17 acres of land in 


the manor, and rendering service for them to Martin de Suthmere. It is 
easy to imagine, that the grontb within the manors of such a body of 
tenantry, having tenants under them, would gradually counterbalance the 
influence of the lord, especially if he were not resident on the manor. 

In the raoat ancient form of the manorial system it is probable, that all 
the proRts of the lords, except the landgafol, which was a money payment, 
were derived from the labour of the tenants and from the coatributions of 
produce paid in kind; the demesne laada were ploughed and sown by the 
tenants, the crops were gathered in, the sheep were sheared, the malt for 
beer was made, the wood for the supply of the hall was hewn and stacked, 
the watch and ward of the manor was kept by them. Hens and capons at 
Christmas and eggs at Easter replenished the larder of the lord. There was 
scarcely any want which the service of the tenants did not supply for the lord, 
even to the making hot the water and preparing the bath. (Chingeford, 
Book I. fol. 63.) In the earlier condition of the manorial households and ma- 
norial society these burdens might have been cheerfully borne : but it is most 
probable, that, as time advanced and society changed, ancient duties became, 
from various causes, both burdensome to those who performed them, as well 
as less agreeable to those to whom they were due; and that the lorda were as 
willing to receive maltsilver, woodsilver, schepsilver,* lardersilver, and ward- 
penny, and a halfpenny or a penny in lieu of a. day's labour, as the l«naDts 
themselves by such payments from the personal performance 
of the services. That a change might lake place in the value of money, 
and reduce these payments to a noniitial value, or that the time might come, 
when the halfpenny, originally given in lieu of a day's labour, could no 
longer purchase it, or that there might be no labourers to be hired, waa a 
thought, which never entered into the minds of men, who had neither per- 
sonal experience, nor historical knowledge of changes now familiar to the 
mind of every student of political economy. As property passed, with 
the consent of the lords, from one person to another, the commutation 
to the lord into money payments became more frequent, 
of which the phrase, so constantly occurring, "pro oroni aervicio," 
is abundant proof. The direction also, which is given in Fieta ii. 78 
to the Propositus, not only to compute with the fialllvus once a-week 
what customary labour was due, and to mark on the tally the day's work 

* A pay ment in Ilea of witemrriagF. 



■ torn 


performed, but also to look after the arrears of labour, and if possible to 
receifo money in lieu of them for the augmentation of the rent, is a further 

evidence of the readiness of the lajidlord to receive money in lieu of labour. 
It is evident, that the constant progress of a system of commutations 
would at lost leave the lord of the manor in the condition of the landlord of 
OUT own times, who must hire but cannot comroand labour. That the in- 
convenience of having commuted labour for money was at last sensibly felt 
by the landed proprietors, appears from the Slatute of Labourers, 23 Ed. III. 
1349: prior to which time changes had taken place, which brought into 
nistence a body of persons resembling the labourers of the present da? j 
, men, who labour for their subsistence, but who iire free to choose a 
. master and to agree with him for wages. The growth of this class had 
probably made the landlords more ready to forego the prxdial services of 
Iheir tenants; but when the pestilence of 134!>, alluded to in the Statute, 
ta.d so reduced the number of labourers as to enhance the value of labour, 
;to the great loss of the landed proprietors, recourse was had to the Statute 
of 1349, and to a series of similar Statutes between that year and 
136B, which had the twofold object, Rrst, of compelling every ablebodied 
man, who was not hired, to hire himself to the master, who should demand 
id secondly, of limiting the amount of the wages, which be 

The Manors, the lords of which had commuted the prsedial si 
their tenants for money payments, would be those in which the free 
labourers moat abounded, and in which the owner of the land was moat de- 
pendent upon that class, for the means of cultivating the soil ; but when the 
EJlatute of Labourers was first enacted, the whole of the country was not as 
yet in this condition ; there was still a large portion of it, in which the 
ancient services remained due, but in which, as the growth of wealth bad 
produced a new order of landowners, the performance of Villain at 
become odious or inconvenient, and the Villains withdrew the 

hich were due to their lords. The firat indication which the Statutes 

the Realm contain of this change in the behaviour of the Villains or cus- 
toniary tenants, is in the Statute of I Richard IL a.d. 1377, from which it 
appears that the" Villaios,and tenants of land in villainage, withdrew their cus- 
toms and services from their lords, having attached themselves to other persons, 
who maintained and abetted them ; and who, under colour of cxemplificatioua 

CAMD. 80C. i 



from Domesday of the Manors and Villes in which they dwelt, and by wrong 
interpretation of those exempli ti cations, claimed to be quit and discharged of 
all manner of service, either of their body or of their lands, and would tulTer 
no distress or other course of justice to be taken against them; the 
Villains aiding their maintainers, by threatening the officers of their lordi 
wilh peril to life and limb, as well ax by open assemblies and by confede. 
racies to support each other." It is manifest, that the persons designated ic 
the Sta.tule, as Counsellors, Maintainera, and Abettors, were men of statioc 
fts well as substance : the process by which they became connected with 
the Vill.iins, being, as is expressed in the Statute, " the taking hire and 
profit of the Villains and land-tenants." Reference was made to Dumes- 
day to prove, that the manors to which the Villains belonged were Ancient 
demesne ; and it is evident from the terms of the petition in the Rolls of 
Parliament, which preceded the enactment of this Statute, that the Villains 
were the persons, who took the pains to procure these exemplifications.* 
The tenants in -Ancient demesne had the privilege of freedom from loll in 
all the markets of the kingdom ;| but some other privileges must have 
belonged to them, if, under colour of these exemplifications, the Villains 
could withdraw their services from the lords of other manors. The case 
was probably this, that the tenant of Ancient demesne could not be pro- 
ceeded against for subtraction of services, except in the Court of the Manor 
of Ancient Deme»ie, and thus he was enabled to set at nought the power 
of the court of other manors, in which he held land and wis liable to service. 
Manors of Ancient demesne were not always in the hands of the Crown, 
but as it would appear, were possessed by lords, who were willing to 
derive pecuniary advantage from selling the privilege of holding in Ancient 
deme&nc. The supposition that the immunities of such tenancy were avail- 

• The dHire, h 

D tbe pirt of the t 

Ihemieliei in Ancieat 

n ibe pan of the Villini of m 

neccuitj of taking upon him kiilglithDo 

mpiting Kriigbtliood, 

It of tbe Croim, u Suk 

1 Ullied, thall be di>t 

the order of a Knif hi." StalDtBaoftbB Reilm, (oL i. p. 229. 

kb1« against the lords of other manora, and that they might be so obtained, 
will explain a statement of the Statute of 1 Richard II, above referred to, 
not otherwise easy to understand, " that divers people of small revenue 
of land, rent, or other possessions, did make great retinue dei gem, aa well 
of esquires as of others, giving them hats and livei-ies, but not at their own 
cost: the value, or twice the value, being given by those persons " for the 
>faintenance so acquired ; and which, as is evident from the ninth section of 
the aame statute, consisted in protection against legal claims upon their 
lands and tenements, their goods and chattels. 

The cessation of prxdial 
causes. The exact period of 
probably remnants of the system exia 
particular localities ; hut if the ^ame 
manors, which took place in the mano 
Krvices into rent was effected prior 

the result not of one, but of several 
not be discoverable, and 
ted at a comparatively late period iu 
course of events happened in other 
of Caatle Combe, the commutation of 
to 1450; the Court Rolls of that 

making n 

r the latter period describing all the tenants as payers of rent, and 
D mention of the personal labour, which in 1340 had been due. 
We have now brought our observations to a close : Ihey have occupied a 
wider range than was originally intended ; but if any fresh light has been 
thrown upon the nature of Anglo-Saxon society, the condition of England 
succeeding to the Norman Conquest, the original character 
lures, the relations between the owner and the occupier of 
the soil, as well as upon the management and disposition of Cathedral lands 
and revenues, the labour occupied in the composition and illustration of this 
Tolume will not have been spent in vain ; especially, if the bringing these 
documents to light should lead to an investigation of the archives of other 
' C&thedrals, and to a closer study of the chartularies and lieger-books of the 
Wnveutual bodies, which are deposited in our public libraries, or are to be 
tund among'it the records of the Augmentation Office. It is not a matter 
mere antiquarian curiosity, what were the laws of Ina or of Alfred, or 
s society was constituted and justice administered under the Anglo-Saxon 
ind Anglo-Norman kings, for we may safely affirm, that without the know- 
5 of the principles and practices of those remote ages, the Common 
er of the present day will often find himself at fnult, not merely for the 
lition of a term or the meaning of a word, but even for a principle, upon 
b to found an argument, and to decide between conflicting rights and 


duties. Neither is English history limited to the period which hss passed sioM 
the RefurmatioQ, or since the Coocjuest ; it comprehends the reigns of the 
Anglo-Saxon kings ; and, as the early occupation of the " litus Sazonicum " 
in our Bouthern counties testifies, it is united with the history of ancient 
Britain and ancient Rome. From chroniclers and historians we may learn 
the relation in which England haa stood to the nations around us, the 
intrigues of our nobles, and the vices or virtues of our kings ; but it is 
in the records, which exhibit to us the means and circumstances under 
which the mass of the people earned their daily bread ; in the household 
accounts of the chieftain and the prince ; in the wills of the dead, and in 
their private litigations and contests, their dealings and bargains when 
alive, that we discover our history as a people, and can trace the steps, by 
which property has been acquired, and has passed from one class to 
another, from the peasant to the yeoman, and from the lord to the trader 
and the merchant, and by whieh England has become what it is — the 
country of the freest and wealthiest people in Europe. 

P.S. — In the early part of the foregoing Introduction (p. ix.) an account 
was given of various Domesday books ; we must be permitted to add to the 
list another Royal Domesday, not heretofore described under that title, but 
which forms the largest portion of the Second Volume of the Rotuli 
Hundredorum, published in 1812. The " Roluli" are copies of returns 
made lo Royal Inquisitions at two distinct periods, the third and the seventh 
years of Edward I. ; but it is to be observed that the inquisitions at the two 
periods were for different purposes, and the articles exhibited to the jurors 
wholly ditFerent. The object of the earlier inquisition was to ascertain the 
n which the rights and liberties of the Crown had been withdrawn, 
and in which excesses had been committed by the sheriffs, coroners, 
escheators, and bailiffs ; the Subject, as well as the Crown, was interested in 
that inquiry. But the later inquisition produced a perfect Domesday, or 
record of landed property, in the five counties — Bedford, Buckingham, 
Cambridge, Huntingdon, and Oxford. Each Hundred had its separate jury, 
who reported the names of all the landowners and occupiers of land, the 
quantity of land held by each of them, the rents paid, and the services ren- 
dered, the tenants of the manors being generally described under four 
classes — Obcri Tenentes, Villani, Cotarii, and Servi ; but in some places 


with varied titles, such as Liberi Sokmanni, Custum&rii, Consuetudinarii, 
Operarii, Coterelli, Cotagiarii, Servi, Socomanni, Nadvi, Bondagii, &c. The 
Kottili of these five counties being abstracts or digests of inquisitions 
made in the separate Hundreds of each county, contain the materials, 
from which a document might be compiled, which would resemble the 
Exchequer Domesday in nearly every particular, but the enumeration of 
the live stock on the different manors ; and would show, who were 
Tenants in Capite, the persons who held lands under them, the number of 
Liberi Tenentes, Villani, Cotariii and Servi, on each estate, and the sum of 
the rents paid. 




Page ] . Inquisitiojacta. — Nomina Jurc^orum.^The power of impanel- 
ling a jury, and exhibiting to them interrogatories relative to the condition of a 
manor in every particular, appears to have belonged of right to every lord 
of a manor. See Fleta, ii. 71, sec. 3. The Articles of Inquisition, upon which 
the Domesday of St. Paul's, of Ralph de Diceto, in 1181, was foanded, 
are recorded at p. 112 of this volume; those used at a later period 
are given at length, pp. 150-160, and are found to agree in their general 
character with the '* Extenta Maneriorum " in the Statutes of the Realm 
(vol. i. p. 292) ; and also with the Articles of Inquisition upon which the 
returns were made in the 7 and 8 £dw. I. of the condition of the manors 
in Gwe counties, Bedford, Buckingham, Cambridge, Huntingdon, and 
Oxford, and which form the latter part of vol. ii. of the Rotuli Hon- 

Willielmo de Hely exUtente Jirmario. This person was Canon of St. 
Paul's, and is subsequently mentioned as Wiliielmus TheMaurariuM ; that 
title, however, belonged to him as Treasurer, not of the Cathedral, but of 
the King, which office he held until his death in 1223. — Newcourt*8 Reper- 
torium, vol. i. p. 130. 

Hida^ — The hide generally contained 120 acres, • e. four virgates or yard- 
lands of 30 acres. The number of acres in the hide and virgate was not 
uniform. At Runwell (p. 69), the hide anciently contained only 80 acres. 
At Nastok (p. 81), it contained 140. The virgate also varied. At Sandon 

listed of 60 acres • (I. 145), at Wicham of 34 (I. 97), at Nastok of 
20 (p. 81), and at Drayton of 16 (p. 99). The acre consiated of 160 
■quare percbei, the perch being 16} feet. There was aUo a variation in 
the length of the perch. The " parva pertica" is mentioned at p. 80, 
and is prohahly the perch of 16 feet; and at p. 92 we find a perch of 
24 feet. It also consisted of 2 1 or 20 feet ; the latter perch being used in 
the measure of the quarentena, or fourth of an acre. See Spelman and Du 

Defendilteversut Regempro decern Hidit. — "Satisfies the royal demand 
for hidnge, by paying for ten hides." The chroniclers relate several in- 
stances of hidage taken by the Anglo-Norman Kings ; there is, bowefer, 
reaiJOD to believe that it was an annual, as nell as an occasional tax, and 
that it «aa the excessive amount of the demand, or the cause uf it) 
which drew the attention of the chroniclers to these particular exer- 
cise» of the royal prerogative. In the Articles of Inquisition of 1181 
(see p. 112), the question, "Pro quot hidis unaquseque villa se de- 
feiideret tempore Regis Henrici, tempore W'U'i Decani, versus r^fera," is 
followed immediately by this, " Quid tunc Gscalibus commodis appeaden* 
tur/>sr annum vicecomiti .a. vel hundred! prieposilo." In.122:^ the manor 
of Barling (see p. 64) being rated at two hides and an half, paid for 
hidage annually thirty-one pence to the bailiff of the hundred of Rislee, 
two pence halfpenny of which was due for 20 acres of the demesne. It 
appears from the Rotuli Huadredorum of 39 Hen. III. and the earlier years 
of Edw. I., that hidage was an annual payment, but whether universally 
paid by every manor is uncertain. In the county of Cambridge the 
Vicecomitea were accustomed to repair the bridge at Cambridge by levying 
" pontage " or ■■ brigbote " on every hide of land, which was liable to geld. 
Rot. Hundred, vol. ii. p. 407. 

Ettarla. — Lands reclaimed from the Forest or Common. The etymology 
of the word is doubtful. It appears from the " Exlenta Maneriorum" 
(Statutes of the Realm, vol. i. p. 242), that the lord of a manor might have 
parks and demesne woods, which he could at pleasure plough up and cul- 

■ Thenrerencei 1.145, 1. 97. &c. denote Ihe folios of the Book msrked by the 
letter 1. now remiining in tbe Arcfaives of the Cttbedrsl, which canlains the Survey or 
Inquiiition of the MaDors made b; Dnn Biudake, and which will be TrequeDtlj men- 
e InquititioD of A.D. IS79. 



tinte. It waa, however, an ofTence against the forest laws to assart without 
licence any part of the king's forest At page 107 there ia an extract of an 
inrolraent of the Justicea in Eyre of the 5 and 20 Ed. I. The right of the 
Canons of St. Paul's to assart land at Chingeford and at Heybridge bad 
been called in question ; but judgment was given in their favour upon the 
production of a charter of King John, exempting the Chapter from all pleas 
of offence committed by them, in these lands and woods, against the forest 

Praler daai Prehendai. — The prebends here mentioned are those of 
CadingtoD Major and Cadington Minor, held by two of the Canons of 
St. Paul's. In the Domesday of the county of Bedford (vol. i. f. 211) the 
Manor of Cadendon, in that county, belonging to St Paul's, is described as 
containing five hides. In the time of the Confessor it was held by Leuuinus 
cilt. (ib. fol. 36), together with the Herifordshire manors of Cadindon and 
Canesworde, "de rege," and it appears to have been given, together with 
them, to St. Paul's by the Conqueror.* The word " Prsebenda," or "Pre- 
bends," means anything given for support and maintenance. All the thirty 
Canons of St. Paul's have home the title of Prebendaries, and been distin- 
guished by the names of the manors or lands allotted to them for their 
prebend, from as early a period as the beginning of the twelfth century. 
But the prebendal system was elsewhere probably of a still earlier date. 
In the account of the lands belonging to the canons of St. Martin's, 
Dover, in the Exchequer Domesday, (vol. i. f. 1 b.) it is stated, with refer- 
ence to twenty-seven aolins, held by that body in the last of Estrede, and 

I other places, that in the time of the Confessor the " prebenda " had been 
" communes," and that ihey had been divided amongst the individual mem- 

' bers by the Bishop of Bayeux. Other lands, however, belonging to the 
game body had been held, in the time of the Confessor, in separate pre- 

I bends, and had descended from father to son, the Abbot of St. Augustine's 
holding also lands belonging to that body " in priebenda," which had been 
similarly held by his predecessor. 

Secta Comilalut el Hundredi. — We learn from Fleta, ii. c. 66, that 

■gun at 

procndingt open B PlicUnm de qao Wirranto In 
I Iwo prcbendariei of Cadiagtoo, i -' - 

time of Edward HI. 

■rd [1. wu prodooed 

reciting ana connraiing ■ tp..,<.. «. ».« ConqDcror which gaig to Ihc charcb at 

St. Paal's the fullest right! in ■!! tbcir laadi,— PUeiU de Werrulo, page* 40, 41. 

lants who held land* by charter, were g:enerally exempt from the duty of 
attendance at the County and Iluodied courls, here termed " Secla." The 
esemptioa, however, wait limited to the DesD and Chapler, and did not 
comprise their tenants. Such attendance was not merely a mark of honour 
to the Crown or the Lord, but was a source of proSt also, the tenant* 
making certain payments at that time. One example in support of thU 
■tatement may suffice, being one of many particulars in the inquisition of the 

(manorof Brehull, inco. Buck^. (39 Hen. III.) The jurors' answer is, 
" Dicimua quod Priorissa de Stotleye solebat faccre sectam Curie Domini 
Regis pro terra apud Esses quam Roberlus de Bosco lenuil, et subtraxit 
M per tres annoa, unde D'n's Hex damnificatur in tribus solidis per illam 
■ublractionem, scilicet qtiolihet anno in dundecim deaariis." 
Dominium. — The Demesne. Those lands in the manor, which were 
possessed by the Lord for his own use, and in which the tenants had no 
rights. " Est autem dominium, quod quis hahet ad mensam suam et proprie, 
sicut sunt Bordlauds, Anglice." (Bracton, iv. 9, 5, p ■2G3.) 

Bojeusjorinmievs. — A wood not included in the Demesne, and therefore 

not wholly the property of the lord. Such woods are mentioned at Kens- 

worlh (p. 7). at Ardley (p. HI), and at Heyhridge (p. 52). From the 

" Exienta Maneriornm" we learn the definition of this kind of wood to be 

^^"Bateua forinsecus, ubi alii communicant." At Nastok (I, fol. 77b) the 

^^•PastMTa Jbrinseca is desciibed as " Communis ad Parochiam." 

^r Wainngium. — This word has several meanings. It here denotes the 

tillage and cartage required for the cultivation of the Innd. At p. i8. 

line 9, "Wainagiura vetus," in the sen 

se of land anciently ploughed, is 

opposed to " Novum essartum," land ne 

#ly broken up. In Magna Charta 

it has a two-fold sense, that of tillnge, a 

in the phrase "(empus uiainagii." 

and also of the implements for the work. 

as in the phrases "Terra instaurala 

de carrucis et wa'nagiis," and " Salvo wa 

nagio suo," 

Caruca.—h plough. The word is 

used also for a team of horses 

or oxen, as in the expression ■' Caruca v 

11. capitum," a team of eight head. 

^At p. 13 mention is made of a pasture 

ad Carucas," i.e. for the plough 

kfcatnfl. Caruca is also used for earn 

ata. In I. 129 b, we read "Una 

•earuea terr» coniinens ix, viginti acras. 

Jmptementum IHanerii. — The live 

and dead stock of the manor. 

JBcluding also pluughings and sowings 

; also called " Inatauramentum " 

CAMD. sou. k 


(p, 132). and " Rest auramen turn " (p. 12<i). We read in tbe title to tho 
Inventory of the Manor of Belchamp (p. 138), " Haec aulem aunt iustaurs- 
roenta et implemenla quffi reddere debet cum manerio," i. 0. at the espira^on 
of the lease. 

Page 2. Frucisium. — A place overgrown with shrubs. " Tres acrw de 
fniciaio" are mentioned at p. 8 amnagmt the eesarts of Kensworth. J^ructMk 
Ager incultus. Du Cange. 

Page 3. MoniaUi de Bosco. — The duds of Marketcell, a nunnery of tha 
Benedictine Order in the Hertfordshire part of the parish of Cadingtoiii 
founded by Geoffry, Abbot of St. Alban's, about the year 1 145. 

De dominico per vUtenagium. — Demesne land thus let to tenants i> 
described by Bracton, p. 203, ed. 16')0, " Item dicitur dominicum villena- 
gium, quod traditur villanis, quod quis tempestive et inteoipestive resumere 
possit pro Toluntale sua et revocare." 

Aratura de lage erthe. — In Book I. 115, 116, this word Lage ertbe 
is written " la verthe " and " laverthe." Work of a similar chi 
called '■ bcnerthe " and " gaveletlbe " or "gave hertbe." (I. 99 h.) (Se* 
Wilkins and Du Cange.) The distinction between " Uverthe 
" benertbe " consisted in the labour of ploughing being performed either 
with food from the lord, or without it. In the inquisition of Kens- 
worth (I. 120) «e read, " Debet arare ter in anno tine cibo domii 
quce vocatur ' laverthe,' et aemel in anno ad cthum doraini, quse yocatur 
' benerthe.' " 

Virgata qum non averat. — Services of various kinds were due 
lord, as from each Virgate or Hide, the oixupiers of the land performing 
the services pro rata. Exemption from one service was compensated by the 
obligation to perform another, as in the case berc noted, the Virgate, which 
was free from " average," made malt instead. 

Averare. — To carry corn or goods. Anerium. — A beast for draught or 
burden. Averagium, — The work performed; or, as in page 61, Averagia 
ad carriagium — the beasts for the work. We have a particular descrip- 
tion of the manner in which this service was sometime:) performed, in 
Rot. Hundred, (ii. p. 628.) " Item debet averare cum equo et sacco 
sun proprio ad omnes mercatus infra comitatum, quotiens uecesse fuerit et 
domiiiua voluerit, primo die super sumptibus proprus buIs, et aliia diebui 
Bumptibus domini." The service was alao performed on foot, as we lean 

TO THE ST. FAUL'8 I>0HE8DAT, jL.D. 1222. 

from the expressions (ib. p. 602), "averabit cum corpore guo absque equo," 
and "facit averagium cum dorso;" and " avcragium ad pedes," p. 81 of this 

Debet parare aex quarteria IitosU vsl dure sex denarioa. — The tenant 
either made the malt or paid six pence for malt-silver. The tenant could 
require from the lord fuel (focagium) for drying the malt, " ad brasium 
desiccandum." (1, 1 15 b.) 

Folarer. — The service of carrying five capona or ten hens to London at 
Christmas (ib,). 

Page 4. Cui non alt'met per Witl'mfirmarium. — This espression con- 
stantly recurs with mention of the name of the former tenant of the land. 
In Borae cases (see page 50) the new tenant hdd purchased the former 
tenant's right, hut generally the tenement wou>d seem to have been nenly 
allotted by the firmarlus, the former tenant having gone away, or his right 
of occupancy having for some reason ceased ; for it is remarkable thnt the 
names of the tenants wilh crii non attinft subjoined are seldom, if ever, 
recorded as holding any other land in the manor. 

Eacaeta propter furtum. — Many lords of manors had the privilege of 
receiving the lands and goods of felons, ordinarily forfeited to the Crown. 

Page 5. Summa hratU. — A load of malt. Summagiam. — The duty 
of carrying. 

Reginatdus Pi-/Epotilu». — The priBpoiilua was foreman of the operarii, 
or customary tenants, and the assistant uf the Bailivus. Fleta (II. c. 76) 
states that this officer was elected by the Villata. Accordingly we read 
(1. lOG), that at Belchamp all the Custumarii elected ibe Prepoaitus, and 
were responsible for his good conduct, and that if he fell into arrear with 
respect to payment, and his own goods were not sufficient to make good 
the amount, the Custumarii were to supply the deficiency. At Cadendon 
the Pmpofitus served '' ad cibum domini,'' and during his tenure of the 
office was exempt from all other services- (1. 116.) 

/n precariit ad cibum domini. — Precarire, literally days of request, 
boon-days, on which the lord asked the aid of his tenants to plough, or hoe, 
or perform other work. The days were not limited to one period of the 

* The leiicognpliiri are id doubt ss to the root of Ihc itord " vrtnn." Tbe leib 
"■arpiui" occnn in tbe RecIitDiliae* SingalBrDm PenoDUum (Ltira of Eti|Iind, 



year, but depended upon the season. The Precariffi Canjcaram, for 
ploughing, were in winter or sprinji;, the Precariae in autumn were for 
the gathering in the crops. At these times ihe lord frequently found 
food for the labourers, but there was no uniform practice. Somelimet 
the Precariae ore termed " sicc»," or dry, as contrasted with the Prec»n» 
"cum cerviaia," at which beer was allowed. In the inquisition of Ardley 
(I. 1 15) we find a " Precaria ad cervisiaro," and alao a " Precaria ad aquam." 
At the former, the allowance for two men was, at the first meal, porridga 
of beans or peas, and Iwo loaves, one of them, white and sufficient for two 
meals, the other, a small loaf de mixtilione (masjin bread, of wheal or barley 
mixed with rye), together with a piece of meat, and beer for one meal. At 
evening they had a small loaf of maslin bread, and two " lescas " of cheese, 
Jn the " Precaria ad aquam " the allowance was two great loaves, of the aiM 
ihirty-two to a quarter, porridge as before, si^ herrings, one piece of soma 
olher fish, and water. At Belcbamp (1. 101 ) the tenant, who had provided 
two men to labour, and who had two meals aday, went to supper at (hv 
court, and was served with three dishes "honeste," as a mark of distinction. 
At Norton (I. 150). in the fourth Precaria of the season, the tenants h&d 
three meals during the day, and their wives joined them at supper. In tl» 
Rotuli Hundredorum these Precarise are very frequently described. 

Ad Vincula.— The abbrevialed appellation of the festival of St. Peter 
ad Vincula, on the first day of August, otherwise termed " Gula AngiistJ. 

Page G. Garaavese. — A word used at a later period as synonymous wi 
pannagium — the fee for permission to feed swine in the woods. In 
document of the date of 1330, quoted by Ducange from Spelman, t 
word is written Grasanec, the root of which is probably the Anglo-Saxon 
««n, or grass. In the R. 8. P. (Laws of England, vol. i. p, 432), mentios, 
is made of a jepr-rpyn, " porcuB herbagii," as given yearly by the Ge*- 
neate, or Vlllanus to his Lord. In the Inquisition of BerneG (I. 131 b)t 
we find the word Garsavese expressing the annual payment given for pannagi' 
of pigs; andBlso(I. 132 b) the remarkable term, "avesabit porcos." It u 
doubtful whether the meaning of the word Garsnvese is to be limited to, 
Ihe pannage of swine. At p. 51 we have an account of the payments dm 
at Waletone for the pasture of sheep, animalia, horses, and pigB, all of 
which appear to be included under " Garsavese," the concluding words bein^ 
" similiter de equis et de singulis porcis 1 .d. pro Garsavese," At K&deni 


rO THE BT.'PAUL*8 DOMBSDAT, A.D. 1^22. IxiX 

in 1279 (I. 119 b) there were eight tenants, each of them paying 2irf. for 
GaraaTese, i.e. half the sum here mentioned as payable from each Virgate, 
the land having been subdivided. 

Langable. — It is remarkable that the psymenta of Langable, Paanuge, 
and Garsavese are here mentioned together, as in the R. S. P. landgavol 
and jepf-fpyn follow each other. I.andgahle appears to have been a very 
ancient payment- It is defined in Spelman's Glossary to be a tribute or 
predial rent of Irf. for every house. In the manors of St Paul's it 
was a payment from each Virgate. At Cadendon it was payable at the 
feast of St. Martin (I. 119), and amounted to 7\d- per virgate. At 
Beauchamp it amounted to twice that sum, ]5cl. fp. 33). At Heybridge 
each virgate appears to have paid 2\d. (page 56). It was due at Michael- 
mas, and the whole sum in 1279 amounted to 2i. Gd. (I. 89). At Nastok 
the sum which the nalivi holding virgatea paid as Landgable was 5d. 
and there were eight such virgatea (1.76). In the R. S. P. the non- 
pajrment of Landgavol is mentioned, as distinguishing the Cotsetle from 
the Geneate or Villanus. (Laws of England, L p. 432.) 

Pannagium. — The word means either the right of feeding pigs or other 
animals in the lord's woods, or the money paid for the exercise of it. 
According to Spelman, "paunagium" would be the correct form of the 
word, paunt being the name for the produce of wood, such as acorns, 
beech, or mast, Ac, but the root is most probably the Latin Paatut. In 
the ■' R. S. P." the word is written " Pastinagiura," and in French docu- 
ments it takes the same form. At Belchamp (I. 106), Pannage was thus 
paid : " Omnes porci magni et parvi, qui pascuntur in campis et buscia 
dotnini, ducuntur die S'cti Martini Epiacopi ad aulam, et pannsgium dant 
(pneter sues et porcellos) et taxantur per duos liberoa homines et duos 
custumarios, preeter sues et porcellos laclantes.'' 

Woodailver. — A payment in lieu of the service of carrying wood. At 
Nastok (p. 82), some of the tenants carried a cart-load from the wood to 
the court at Christmas. At Chingford (p. 99). the wood was not only 
carried, but hewn for fuel, and put up " super trabes," probably the beams 
of the hall. At Sutton (p. 94), the tenant brought four cart-toads from 

Foddtrcorn. — A payment of oats in kind, This payment was made at 
I Martinmas, and consisted of a half-quarter of oats (I. 1 16). At Horlock 


it ««s paid (p. 47) io the month of March. At Nastok (p. B3) on 
Chriatroas Eve. Oats were also paid as rpnt by the Tenacre holder* at 
Sanduo (p. 17). Foddercoro occurs frequently in Rot. Huod. p. 602, 638, 
642. &c. and as payable at Martinmas. 

Purjtretlura. — Any eucroachment, luch as inclosnre of wailr on the side 
of the king's highway, erection of buildings, stopping watercourses, roads, 
or pathways, inclosure of common or forest lands, breaking op woodlands, 
enlarging parks, 8cc. 

Semen Jrumenti ad t 
tliese tenants in 1279 i 
half-roods or one acre. 

Page 7. ('/. nummofum terra. — The purprestura is here described as 
six -penny' worth of land. There is reason to believe that very small quan- 
tities of land were thus valued. It was a purprestura or encraadtment 
which is here mentioned ; and in a charter of (lenry II. in Oliver's Monas- 
ticon Dixcesis Exon. p. 24, half an acre is described aa " viginti □nmmatas 
terrx." (See Spelman and Du Csnge, Nuninata.) 

Cestit in diet regit. — The meaning of the phrase is uncertain ; but 
probably it means simply, that he yielded to the King of Terror* and died, 
after which the half^virgate which he held was divided between the two 
tenants next mentioned, and the Purprestura by a third, for xii. instead of 

im rodam. — The quantity of seed wheat paid by 
) two bushels, and the land sown with it eight 

Page 8. Contuetudin\ 
services and payments due 
connection with Wains giui 

t Villala. — Under this term are included all the 
) to the lord from the tenants of all ranks ; but in 
t be limited to the services performed 
by the Carucffl or Teams of the tenants. 

Page 9. Per /niwi.— The Wrro _finit here used, is defined by Spelman 
(Gloss. S29) to be the money agreed to be paid for entering upon a farm, 
either hy the native tenant to his lord, or by the lessee to the lessor ; the 
payment was anciently called "gcrsuma." At p. 12, certain essart lands 
are described as granted to the tenants, upon the payment of half a mark 
to the Dean and Chapter. 

Page 1 0, Eerleiia de Kentworlh. — The virgate of land here mentioned 
was an endowment by the Chapter. At page 147 we read " Habet h»e 
ecclesia (Kenswortii) unam virgatam terr» liberam ah omni secalari 

TO THE 8T. Paul's domesdat, a.d. 1222. 

Grava. — A Grove. This grove formed part of the virgate of land 
held by the tenant, and which by his tenure he was at liberty to essart or 
grub up. 

Mantium eit in daminio, Sfc. — The dwelling-house attached to the land 
being in the demesne, and probably not occupied by the tenants, an agree- 
ment had been made with the Firraarlua, by which they were allowed the 
reduction of rent here spoken of under the term " excidunt Auoa denarioa." 

Page II. Tres acres inveniri not! poitunt. — Small copyhold tenements 
in our own time are frequeutl/ so mixed up with others as to be incapable 
of identification. 

Page 12. Servient TSMaurnWi.— The Seneschal or Steward of William 
de Heley, who was the King's treasurer, and Grmarius of the manor. 

Page 13. Per lexciea viginti.— At six score to the hundred. 

Page 14. Post pacetn redditam. — The peace concluded in 1217 between 
Prince Louis of France and Henry III. after his unsuccessful invasion 
of England. (Uapin, vol. i. p 298.) 

Page 14. Mara. — A lake or mere. 

Page 15. Brum. — Dn Cange. Bmscia. Dumetum. A place covered 
with brushwood. 

Page 15. Disrationavit per hrtvt Regit in curia apud Sandon. — 
" Disrationavit vii^atam," proved her right to the Virgate. The " Breve 
Regis " here mentioned was probably the " breve de recto," or writ of right, 
which, as we learn from Bracton, lib. 5, c. 2, 3, i«'as first to be tried in 
the Court of ihe Lord of the Manor, and then by default was removable to 
the County Court. See also Blackstone, iii. 10, and Appendix, 

Page 17. Portare xxv. summas. — lu the account of this service in 
I. 1 37 b., tbe word averagia is used, and each averagium is said to ronsist 
of seven bushels of wheat or barley ; or ten bushels and a-half of oats, 
according to the measure of St. Paul's. 

Page 17. Strica — Hoppa. — It is to be obaerved that the holders of ten 
acres are here mentioned as paying a Strike of oats, and the holders of five 
acres a Hoppa, and hence it would appear that the " strike " was the double 
of the "hoppa" The "strike" is said to be a bushel (see Johnson's 
Dictionary), but since it is found that in 1279 (I. 1-12) the ten-acre men 
of this Manor paid two bushels of oals, and the five-acre men one, we 
r ttience conclude that the " strike " at Sandon was two bushels. 


ftgc 18. Se Urtia,^-4^. with two otbera, himself heii^ tbe third. 
Some words are probably omitted in the MS. The meaning of the text 
is iUostrated by the Survey of 1279 (I. 138), where it appears, that at 
the Precari« in antomn each tenant provided two men to laboor •*ad 
cibom domini;" and that for one day the tenant was bound to eoine 
himself with his cart to carry com, or, if he had not a cart, thai to eome 
himself for two days' labour ^ad mensam dmnini," hang lied at the table 
of the lord. 

NatwUoM BeaUB Jfarkr.— This festival occurs on the 8th September. 

Pkge 19. Mmare^To drive a flock or herd. The words **chaciare" 
in line 24, and *^ fugare," in p. 27, line 90, express the same dn^ of 

Page 19. Habere %mam garham de ^o hlado.-^ln the Latin text of 
** the Rectitudines," the recompense to the Cotsetle of a sheaf for mowing 
an acre of oats is thus described, " Habeat garbam soam, qoam pr»poaitiis 
vel minister domini dabit ei." (p. 433.) 

Page 21. Boscus vestitus. — Vestura is defined in Da Cange '* Fmctus 
quilibet agro hserentes.*' At p. 1 we find the phrase ** Boacus bene ves- 
titus de fago.** It is probable, that when a wood is said to be Noo Testitna, 
the absence of all produce either from underwood or pannage is implied. 

De BifUi et Vtrgie — Reflletum, Refletum, Reflectnm. (Da Gauge.) 
Vesture boscorum et reflectorum. (Fleta, II. 41 ^ § 38.) The meaning of 
the word Rifllei is doubtful ; but, b^ng united with ** virgis," it aee ma to 
indicate an osier bed, or plantation of pliable wood. 

Page 28. Forland.^-The "« Forland** and the '^ Inland** of a manor 
would seem to bear the same relation to each other as the ** Boscus 
Forinsecus,'* and *' Boscus Intrinsecus. The *« Inland* and *^ Utland ** are 
described by Lambard as the Demesne of the lord, and the Land of the 
tenants. (Spehnan ) It is, however, probable that both tlie Inland of the 
demesne, and the Forland or Utland of the tenants, differed as to tenure, 
or to situation, fr<»n the ordiuary demesne and tenants* lands. The ^ Inlaiida»** 
which were relet upon an increased rent at Belchamp, in 1240 (see pages 
118-121), are described as ^^ terr» de dominico, quas vocant Inlandes." 

Page 29. Pro oholo ei carrefUo.—'' Corredium,- or ^ Corrodiiim,'' was 
a continued allowance of food for one or more days. The aciticia Ime 
described was that of the office of server, or dresser of the table. See 

TO THB BT. PAUL'S DOMRBDAT, A.D. 1222. Izxiii 

pelmM voM " Sewer." This Gilibertus le Suir held also v. acres as 
« rreeteosnt (P'Sl). 

Psge 30. Debet facert ttctam lira et hundredi — Although the Dean 
and Chapter as Lords of Manors were free from suit and service at the 
County Courts, their leuaiita do not appear to have partaken the exemption. 
In the Rot. Hundred, of Essex (p. 161) the Bishop of London is stated to 
hare withdrawn the suit of two men in Tollesbury who were accustomed 
to attend the toum of the sheriff, aod the Dean and Chapter of St. 
Paul's to have withdrawn the ■' secta Hundredi" due from a tenement 
in their Manor of Heybrigge. 

Page 32. Sine Jhru facto. — The services here mentioned were those of 
the Libere Tenentes ; but it would seem that if not performed no forfeiture 
was incurred. In the surrey of 1181 (seepage 117) the same expression 
" sine forisfacto" occurs. In the survey of 1279 it is omitted ; but from the 
account there given (I. 101) of the quantity of food which was due by 
custom to the tenants at the precarix, it would appear that, since the lord 
lost little by their non-attendance, forfeiture was not incurred. 

Page 33. Precaria qua dicitur ben. — " Item inveniet unum hominem 
ad viii. benes In autnmno ad cibum domini." (L 98 b) 

GaveUed. — Otherwise termed Gavelcorn. In 1279, from every balf- 
virgate one heaped bushel of wheat was due under the denomination of 
GaTcleom. (1. 107.) 

Page 34. Warectabit dimidiam acram. — Land ploughed in the spring 
and left fallow was termed " Warectiim.** It is now termed summer fallow. 
The word is a form of the Latin " Vervactnm," which is thus defined id 
Faceiolali : " Ager vere proscissus, deindeque quiescens usque ad sequentem 
kiitumnum, quo sementis fit; quasi Rare actum." 

Vigilabit cirea curiam.— The mode of performing the service is de- 
scribed in I. 98. " John Aldred, a customary tenant, was bound with the 
Other tenants of the same rank to provide, that one of them should keep 
watch at the court from Christmas to Twelf\h-day, and have a good fire in 
the Hall, one white loaf, one cooked diih (ferculum cuquinm), and a gallon 
of ale ; and if any damage were done, he that watched was to make it good, 
unless he bad raised the hue and cry for the vilbge to go in pursuit." 
It is probable, that when services of this kind were commuted by the lord, 
the money paid in lieu of service was termed " ward-penny." 




Page 35. Pro duobut toccU. — Two plough sharen. The iron, witb which 
the plough is shod, is still termed iu the nonh of Englaod "the wck." 
These ploughshares were, as appears from I. 97, 98, deUvered oa certain 
days. " Uobertua Coupere reddit unum vomerem ad festum S'ct» Cruas 
(May 3). " Willielmus FrauDchiooe debel uaum Tonierem ad feslum S'ci 
Botolphi ■■ (June 18). 

Page 37. Fodere Ititum ad /mum.— Similar serfice in the cultivUion 
of the flax crop was (Sue from the coiarii of Dooistowe, co. Oxod. 7 Ed. L 
(Rot. Hund. II. 847.) 

Page 39. Futem judkalum tutpendel. — Upon the right gf lord* of 
manors to have a gallows and to try and execute robbers, see Spelmao in voce 
Infangtheof. In the Placita de Quo Warranto, Ed. I. (p. H), the Abbot of 
Wallbnm being charged with having erected a gallows, (not having had one in 
his Manor of Alrichseye (Arlesy, in ibe county of Bedford), prior to the 
lastcircuit of the Justices in Eyre,) replied; that il iras true, that rohberabad 
been very often condfinned in bis court and banged on the galluws of hi* 
neighbours, who lent them lo him ; but after the last circuit il happened, that 
one Theobald, a robber, was taken " cum manu opere " (with the goods in 
hia possession) at the suit of a certain person, and condemned in his court; 
and that under tbo cover of the Royal Charter, which allowed him " In- 
fangeuethef," he (hen first erected a gallows aAer the last circuit, aa it wal 
lawful for him to do; and further, that robbers, who bad been condemned 
by the Justices in Eyre, or their deputies, had frequently been delivered to 
him to be executed. In a similar proceeding against the Bishop and 
Canons of St. PauVs. it was pleaded (p. 476j that ibe Canons of St. Paul'* 
possessed the right of Infangenethef, with other privileges, in all their 
manors in the county of Middlesex, hut that they had no gallows, except 
in Finsbury ; and that, when any of the men of their Villas were Uken, 
iheir twenty-two hides were convened to pass the judgment upon him, " Ad 
judicium de eo perficiendum." 

Page 39. Mallardua. — The drake of the wdd duck. 

Foiland. — Inland and Forlaod would seem to be terms opposed to each 
other. On referring to the loquiailion of 1279 (I, 99) it appears that 
the tenants here described as holding Forland are there said to hold 
MoUond. In the Rot. Hundred. (II. p. 425) mention is made of customary 
tenants at Campes, in the county of Cambridge, holding Mollond. Land of 

TO THE ST. PAUL'S DOHB8DAT, A.D. 1222. Ixxv 

thii character was also held by tenants of the St. Paul's manors Wicham 
anii Chingford, in 1279. though no mention is made of them in 1222. 
At Wicham Mollond was distinguished from Customary land with respect to 
the right of dower. " The widow who held Mollond was entitled to ha^e the 
moiety of such land for dower (is long as she remained a widow, and the 
whole of the customary land, but morrving she lost the whole of it. If 
Customary land descended to daughters the eldest took the whole, but 
Mollond was divided." (I. 100.) 

At Chingford there were several tenants " nativi " holding various 
quantities of land described as "terra de mollond per aucceasionem turn 
pertinentiis :" we meet also with this description "terra de werkloiid 
cum pertinentiis per succession em ;" arid also "terra cum pertinentiis de 
mollond et werklond per suecessiuncm." There were eighteen such tenant* 
of Mollond. Mollond and Werklond were, however, different. The services 
of Ihe tenants of Mollond are the same as those due from the Custumarii ; 
but the payment on admission differed at Chingford ; the Operarius paid to 
the lord a ploughshare; of tenants of other classes it is said " Ingredientes 
Mollond duplicahunt redditum." ([. 65 ) 

Page 41. Hidarii de Torph. — The reader will remark that of nine and 
a half hides held by the Hidarii, eight are described as divided amongst 
several tenants. (See the Observations on this Tenancy, Introduction, 
p. XXV.) In 1279 the number of hides bo divided was nine. The services 
due from these tenants, as described in the following pages 42, 43, are 
enumerated in I. 95, and the value of them, as due from each hide, when 
commuted, is estimated at eighteen shillings and eleven pence. The holders 
of the nine hides possessed also amongst them seventy-two messuages or 
dwelling-houses, and for each messuage some occasional services were due, 
in addition to those due for the land in the hide. 

Page 43. Ad tolitmd'niumvmui carvcie. — " Ad totum dignerium." See 
pages 55, line 1 1 ; 62, line 27, where it appears that the word dignerium is 
equivalent to rihitm. The service here mentioned was that of threshing 
com enough for the food of a team {cartica) in winter and spring. Dig- 
nerium is explained by Du Cange to be Pastus, Prandium, aud derived from 
the French " Disner," It is evidently an ancient form of our present 
word •' dinner." Rot. Hund. Oxon, p. 750. " Unum panem ad dignerium 


Bateria. — The naBh-hoiue. The place "iibi [WDDi tunduntur." 
Du Cange. Batuerr, verberare. Facciolati, Leiicon, 

Mtteinga. — Apparently the same word as the Anglo-Saion " inetsung," 
food or meat, \a the R. 8. P. p. 436. In 1279 this payneot waa commuted 
for iiijd. messing silver, or " metegafol." aa the older fonn of the vord ii in 
R. S. P. p. 434. 

Companagium — Flesh, fish, or cheese ; anything to be eaten with bread. 

Clerai adfaldam de virgU. — Hurdles. In the Inquisition of Belchtmp 
(I. lOU), the Clerais described to be made "de noveni pilia, et unus peterit 
inter quamlibet pilam cum una magna pila et Wrevia." Jf the great 
stake vas at one end of the hurdle, and the Wrevia at the other, we may 
suppose that the Wrevia was the band which fastened one hurdle to another. 
Onemeaningofrra/fan in Anglo-Saxon is "topul1,"henceourword" toreef." 

DodJeu avenof.—la page 47 it is staled that 24 doddas equal 27 
Colchester quarters. In 1279 three quariera of oats were paid in lien 
of two doddie ; under the description " Tria quarteria de Ledoten (« 
Ledhoten." (I. 93b.> 

Page 4(S. Auxilium regis. — Auiilium dicitur id, quod Subsidiom yo~ 
Camus, et commune Regni Tailagium. (Spelraan.) 

Page 47. Duoi multonet meUorei, exceptit qualuor. — The tenant* 
might choose for their repast the fifth and siith best sheep of the flock. 

Wambelokei. — The loose locks of wool on the belly of the sheep, form- 
ing the edges of the fleece. 

Sellio. — A strip of land laid in a ridge or balk. 

Jttairenum. — Timber of any kind. Du Cange supposes the word to be 
a corrupt form of " roateriamen ;" but if chestnut wood waa chiefly lued, it 
is possible, that the root of the word may be " Marron." Oak wood cot 
into small planks is termed in French, " Merrein." 

Page 48. Culacium. — Probably that sort of addition to a buildings 
which we now call a lean-to. It is here attached to a bovarium or osabed ; 
but it was a frequent appendage to a bam. See the description of the bami 
at Wicham, Ardeley, and Belcharop, pages 136, 137, 139. Culut. — Pirs 
cujusvis rei posterior. Du Cange. 

Suienna. — Susenua pastura, p. 64. The etymology of the word, accord- 
ing to Ou Cange, is uncertain, but it appears to be associated with marsh- 
land. The land here mentioned aa capable of maintaining 400 sheep, and 



containiDg 160 acres, is described in I. 69, under the name Efrenemersh, 
and as flustmniag 400 " oves inatriceB ad majus ceDluni." We find in 
Britton (chap, xt.) the word " Sursane " (Ex Galileo Sursem tea — Du 
Cange) ; Id the Mirror of Juatice (cap. i. § xvi.}, Suss^nte ; in Fleta (ii. 
122), SuBcemats ; in the Judicium Pllloris, "cames tusccinataa;" in the 
Statutum de Pistoribua, " carnes porciuas superaeDnuataa," — swine's flesh 
measled," the words in all these places denoting meat unfit for eating. 
When therefore the word "susenna" is joined to pasture, it may mean 
unsound or ratten pasture, such as Is now found on the coast of Essex upon 
the "saltings;" which are formed by the gradual accumutatlon of silt, and 
which require a length of time to become solid before the; are inclosed and 
St for the plough. 

Page 49. lati tenent Mxacrat, — By an error of transcription " sexacras" 
has been printed instead of " teracrat,"* and subsequently " sexlond " 
instead of '^terlond." In 1279 there were ten tenants at Walton holding 
" saracres" and at Kirkby sixteen, but the peculiar character of "seracres" 
or " serlond" does not appear. 

Lodlond. — The meaning of this word is uncertain. It may denote the 
tenure, as being that of carrying " loads," and of which a particular accouat 
is given in 1. 1 4 1 , " De lodis," as due from the tenants at Sandon ; or it may 
be descriptive of the position of the land, as lying upon a " lode '' or canal. 

Potuit ad denarium. — Commuting the priedial service into money rent. 

Page 52. Alia haicia veatila bosco. — Haicia, idem quod Haya, Sepes. 
Du Cange. In I. 84 b. this wood is described as the " longa " Haicia, and 
as containing three acres. It was probably a belt of wood inclosed by an 
hedge or ditch. 

Boicut non vtstitui. — In I. 84 b, the wood here termed Boscus non 
vestitus is called " Bruera," a word which denotes land covered with 
heather. (Du Cange.) The woods here said to contain .xv. and .xl. acres 
are there described as containing .Cxv, and .Cii. acres. 

Page 53. In Fruleetit — Frutetum, ground in which willows or reeds 
may be grown. In Frutetis et arundinetia maxime nascitur. (Pliny.) 

Page 54. Ad navem et ad itagnum. — The services of loading and 

• In [he diilricc mroDod IgUn in Marsiii 
the ward Sur or S&r meBuiiig a ghoit. 
JUwIntive coiyectarc. 



sending the ship with the firma for St, Paul's, and of repairing the mill-dun. 
We learn from I. 89, that the sum received in 1 279, under the name of 
schepselver, as a commutation of the service of carrying the firma ts 
London,) was 24»., paid in equal portions of 8*. at three periods of the year, 
the Manor furnishing three firms at those intervals. 

Page 56. Parlicipabit in uno muKone feni. — The mow of haj K 
divided naa the produce of half an acre. (I. 86 a.) 

Wardpenny.— \i is evident, that as the MaltsUver and Landgavel hen 
mentioned were payable to the Lord, so also was the Wardpenny. (Note^ 
p. 34, Vtgitahit circa curiam.) It is, however, to be observed that 
Wardpenny was one of the payments due to the Crown and payable at the 
County Court (see page 58) ; but whether as a commutation for any. or 
what kind of guard, we are not informed. At page 64 we read, that the 
Manor of Barling paid for its two hides and a half thirteen pence for Ward- 
penny, towards which the Demesne lands contributed two pence. The namei 
of the tenants from whom Ihe Wardpenny was due are given at p. 68. 

57, Ad stipulam. — The service of collecting straw for thatching, as iB 
p. 56, "ad grangias cooperiendas." 

Decern acree pro Jerramenlit canicarum faciendis. — This tenement: 
wa« in 1279 held by Johannes " Faber," or Smilh. In I. 86 b. this ser«ic«< 
is more fully depcribed. The Smith paid no rent, hut he made all the iron- 
work of the ploughs, shod four plough-horses (affros de caruca) and one 
cart-horse, the Lord providing iron and steel (asserrum) for the ploughs, 
and iron and nails for the horacshoeH. 

Page 58, Cum sex hiiiit trium tolandarum. — From the deseriptioo 
^ven (p. 93) of the solanda of Chiswick "quai per ae continet duas hidas," 
we infer, that the three Solandse here mentioned, contained each of thi 
hidca also, and, as has been stated in the Introduction (p. xiv.), of leat- 
dimension than the ordinary hide. It was there conjectured, that Um 
Solanda roiglil represent the Kentish soliraus of 180 acres, and be com] 
of two hides of 00 acres eacb. The word " Solanda " in the InqnisitioBt,] 
of Tillinghara and of Drayton in 1181 (pages 142, 145). and in that rfj 
Drayton in 1279(1. 128), is written " Scolanda " and •' Scholanda." At' 
Drayton in the account of John Derman's tenement, who was said to h(HA\ 
forty-three and a half acres " terrse arabilis," and three acres i 
"de la Scoland," "ploughed land," wonld teem to be opposed to " Scaland.1 

TO THE ST. Paul's domesday, a.d. 1222. Ixxix 

It is however there particularly stated, that the Scholand contained one 
bide of four virgates or 64 acres; the virgale of Drayton containing only 
16 acres; and thus the smallness of thia hide of Scholar da at Drayton 
confirms the conjecture, that hides in Solanda or Scholanda were generally 
lesa than the ordinary hide. 

Page 59. Cum qttietcit dominium per ffainagium. — When the 
demesne lies fallow after ploughing. 

Sercaria. — Sheepwalka. Bercarius (see page 105) the keeper of the 
sheepwalk. The root of the word is supposed to be the Latin " Vervex," a 
wether sheep. (Du Cange.) 

Page 60. Hopa de Mariico. — German! Hofas solitarias colononim sdes 
vacant. Du Caoge in verho Huba. 

Page 64. Propria cuitamento auo el perUulo. — This is further 
explained, I. B4b. The firms were sent to I<ondon by water. If the ship 
nag lost, but any one escaped, the tenants bore the loss of the cargo, and 
were answerable for the firms. The value of the carriage of four firmte to 
London was estimated at U. 6j. Sd. 

PoTtandai uV danningam. — The text is misprinted putandas ; ul' is 
probably ultra. Danningam, or Dengey, is the adjoining village, to which 
the com was to be carried, in order to its being shipped. 

Reddunt tala duee hidai, ^c— In the year 1236, 19 Henry III. the 
Chapter had a renewed grant of this Manor from the Crown, which exempted 
them from suit at the county and hundred court, from payment of Ward- 
penny, I-Iundredpcnny, Tithingpenny, and view of Francplege, and confirmed 
to them Saca et Soca, &c. (1. 163.) 

Page 66. Ad uperiendoi selones ad aijtttB duelum. — The service of 
letting off the water by opening the furroivs between the ridges. At 
Chingford (I. 63) we read " Et sciendum est, quod si debeat watcrfur- 
giare, debet desiccare xx partitos, et si cum caruca ad waterfurgiandum 
(jtc) tunc debet desiccate x. partitos." The pariiti appear to be the 
sellionts, and ten openings with the plough were accounted equal to twenty 
made by the spade. 

Page 67- Acram unam Gartacram. — It appears from a passage in the 
Rotuli Hundred, p. 868, "arabit duos seliones, qui vocautur grasacre," 
that the Grasacre consisted of two strips or ridges, called " Balks." 

S8. Inftriut nolali dtbent Wardpmnif. — It would appear from 


this list, that the burden of the Wardpenny (mentioned at p. 64 as annually 
payable by the manor to the bailiff of the hundred of Reilee), was borne by 
those tenants in particular, who held *' terras operarias/' in most instances, 
of half a virgate ; and that the payment was chargeable upon the land, and 
not upon the persons, the payment being continued though the lands by 
escheat became attached to the demesne. A similar list is found at p. 85 of 
eight persons of the manor of Nastok, who paid 2d. each towards the 16<f. 
which was due to the court of the hundred at Hocktide. Of these ei||rht 
persons four were Libere Tenentes, other three Nativi, the Libere Tenentes 
probably paying the Wardpenny, as holding lands formerly belongring 
to persons of the latter clans. In the Survey of Sutton in 1222 there 
is no similar enumeration, although Wardpenny is mentioned as paid 
by four of the tenants holding half virgates. But the Survey of 1279 
(I. 28) contains the names of twelve persons who paid 2<f. each as Ward- 
penny, together with notice of a Wardpenny of a different character, re- 
sembling that paid to the Bercarius at Hemes, p. 105, for the custody of 
sheep in the common pasture. <* Quilibet habens averia super temiras 
Domini ad valentiam xxx' dabit unum denarium ad festum S'ci Martini, 
qui vocatur Wardpeny, exceptis illis qui sunt de Ward vigilantes, qui 
vigilant ad regiam stratam de nocte (then follow the twelve names), et 
recipient Wardestof, et facit (nc) summonitionem de Vig^lia, et erit quietus 
pro ftummonitionibus de denariis qui vocantur Wardpenny.*' In the Survey 
of Chingford of 1222 no distinct mention is made of Wardpenny, but in the 
Survey of 1279 (I. 65), which recites a " Finalis concordia" made between 
the Abbot of Waltham and the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's, 4 Hen. III. 
with respect to the Services due to the Half-hundred of the Abbot from the 
Tenants of the Manor of Chingford, some statements are made, which 
illustrate the duty of '' Ward " as rendered at the court of the Hundred, as 
well as the payment of Wardpenny within the Manor. That document 
states, that it was anciently the custom, that all the Tenants of the Manor, 
whether Liberi or Villani, should attend unsummoned three lagehundreds 
in the year, from the Tuesday next after the Feast of St. Michael for 
fifteen days, from the Tuesday after the Epiphany for fifteen days, and 
also from Hokday, on which latter day the tenants were bound ** prsBsen- 
tare quandam Wardam in quodam baculo qui vocatur Wardestaf.'* This 
service was due at the Hundred Court. But when the View of Francplege 

TO THE 8T. Paul's domebdat, a.d. 1222. Uxxi 

was held annually, on Friday in Whitsun week, at the church at Chingford, 
by the Bailiff of the Hundred, and the Bailiff of the Manor, then, according 
to ancient cuBtom, ten pence was paid for W&rdpenny. 

Charehiare. — Apparently a form of " cariare," (carro vehere), and of the 
French "charier," (Du Cange.) 

Page 70. 2}e cremenlo ut tit perpetuum. — In almost all cases the 
increase of rent appears to have been a penny per acre. The tenants 
probably obtained a right of inheritance by the increased payment. 

Page 72. Dvai Wardacrag de frumento ti avena. — The number of 
tenants here enumerated ao performing this service is ten. We learn from 
I. 66, where eight tenants of this class are mentioned, that the whole land 
reaped by them was four acres, two of wheat and two of oats. They also 
furnished one of the four men who with the Pnepositus attended at the 
assize upon the Justices in Eyre to represent the Villala. (Dracton, 
t09 b, 143 b ; Brilton, ch. 2, De Eyres.) 

Page 73. Pr/ppoiilui hundredi. — The steward of the hundred of Angra. 
The Saro described in the next page as holding the hundred pro tempore 
appears to he a person of a different rank. 

Paj[e 74. Coperonos Juslium. — The loppings of the trees felled for 
timber. Cuperia. — Arborum e.xtremitates. Futt'u. — Arbor justie magni- 
^—^.bidittiB. (Du Cange.) 

^^r f •i/'v cowpulabiUa tiatt olim. — In this Manor the Hide contained 140 
^^Bfpven score acres, and the Virgate twenty. (See pageSI.) 
^B Acrir de genefteio. — Genisbk. Broom. At Havering, which is in the 
nughbourhood of Nastok, the Foresters exacted toll (Cheminagium) from 
the men of the hndred, tarn de genetto viridi quam sicco. (Rot. Hund. 
^^jol. i. p. 132.) The Genectum was sometimes tithable. (Du Cange in 
^Biaee Genectum.) 

^^B Page 75. Porcoi in peiaona. — Pessona, Pastio. Du Cange. Herbage, 
^^Barnsi nuts, or anything which might be eaten, ia included under the term 
^K^ssona." Bracton, f. 222 b. 

^^VXn FortiUria Bosci clamat hereditatem. — This claim was not unusual 
^^Jtompare p. 93), the perquisites of the office being, as appears, a source 
of profit. 

Page 76. Curia hahtt fortgrist ted dat molluram. — The meaning of 
the term Jbregrisl has not been ascertained. It may probably be the 
~ _ CAMD. BOC. 171 


Tolaetom ad Molendinam, which forms the sahject of enactment in 
the Statutmn de Pistorihas. Stmtates of the ReaUn, toL i. p. 203. 
^ The toll of a mill shall be taken according to the custom of the 
land, and according to the strength of the water-conrte, either to the 
twentieth or four-and -twentieth com. And the measure whereby the 
toll most be taken shall be agreeable to the King's measnre, and toll 
shall be taken by the rase, and not by the heap or canteL And in case 
that the finnarii find the millers their necessaries, they shall take nothing 
besides their doe toll ; and if they do otherwise they shall be grieroiisly 

Mina AvefUB. — The Mina was a measure which contained foor and a 
half bushels (I. 71.) This payment was sometimes termed Foddoicom. 

Page 77. Regardum. — The Survey, or Visitation of a Forest. 

Page 79. Bruera. — Probably <* brushwood." In Bracton, L. iy. c 38, 
we find mention of ** Jus falcandi herbam vel Bnieram vel hojosmodi ad 
rationabile estoverium." 

Page 80. Parva Pertica. The ordinary perch appears to have been 
16}, and the greater perch 24 (see page 92). The lesser perch was 
probably that of ten or of twelve feet. (See Du Cange.) 

Page 8 1 . Havedsot, — Head money, otherwise termed Cheragium. At 
page 83 a particular account is given of tiiis payment. Single parsons 
paid a penny. Married persons two pence. It was paid at Whitsuntide. 
These persons were Nativi. But the payment gave them the privilege of 
going out of the Manor, '* habent exitum '* (see Introduction, p. xxiv), and 
they had the right of wood and water on the demesne. 

Falcahit dimidiam acram et venit ad Bedemad. — Bedmath is the 
service of Haymaking. It is fully described in I. 70, where the service of 
mowing the halfacre here mentioned has the distinguishing name, Bed- 
halfaker. Twenty-six mowers and eight haymakers were entitled for this 
service to the bread of four bushels of wheat, a live sheep, a cheese of the 
value of 5(f., and a cheesemold, first filled with salt, and afterwards with 

Page 82. Bespectus. — Mora, dilatio, continuatio temporis — an adjourn- 
ment to a future day, to give time for giving an answer. (Spelman.) Hence 
our word " Respite." 

Page 85. Pro Communiiaie Pattoragii, — The description of " com- 

TO THE ST. padl's i>ohesdat, a.d. 1222. Ixxxiii 

munia pastune," and of the law respecting it, occupies three chapters of the 
fourth book of Bracton. The right of communia varied, however, so much, 
and was sometimes so limited, that it is possible, the privilege which the 
Villata of Nastock enjoyed, might only be that of grazing cattle, without 
including the right of pannage, or the full enjoyment of the " peasona," 

Inquuitia Jacla anno aecundn post Iramlalionem Beati T/iomre. — The 
insertion of this date is remarkable. The translation of the remains of 
Saint Thomas of Canterbury took place on the 7th July, 1220. We are not 
informed as to the time of the year when this inquisilion was begun ; but the 
visit of the Dean and the Treasurer to Chingford must have taken place 
prior to 7 J.ily, 1222. 

Per Robertum Decanum, &c. — Robert de Watford was Dean from the 
year 1218 to 1-228. Henry the Chancellor was Henry de Comhill ; he 
became Chancellor in 1217, and Dean in 1234. Peter the Treasurer here 
mentioned as the " firmarius " was Peter de Sancta Maria : he was Pre- 
bendary of Isledon. 

De Carmoi. Moelloi el Jantei el IVdericHt.^Ave these the names of 
particular woods or of materials ? Wdericht seems to be some special right 
of wood, apparenlly different from the right of supply of wood for the carts. 

Page 86, Duo Lagehundred. — The liiw courts of the hundred. The 
law-day is mentioned in Statut. I Edw. IV. c. 3. In the Forest Laws of 
Cnut, c. 1%. we read, " Sint omnes quieti ab omnibus procuration! bus, sum- 
monitionibuB et popularibus placitis, quas hundred laghn A°g1i dicunt." 

Page 90. Duo fa' de af^na.— Two Fardings or Quarters. 

Avertilvei: — Money in lieu of carriage or average. 

Qunrla pars plumbi. — The plumbus is a leaden fat belonging to the 
brewery, frequently mentioned in the inventories of the manors, pp, 121, 
132, 187, 146, and in some casea as "plumhns super furnaeem." The text, 
as it Btaiids, is defective in meaning ; but the inquisition of 1279 justifies 
the conjecture, that the service here mentioned is that of filling one-fourth 
of the boiler or " plumbus super furnacem," for the purpose of a bath ; for 
we there read (I, 60, 63,) of four tenants of this manor, who were bound 
" Balinore dominum, et aquam portare, et calefacere ad idem." 

Page 92. Duasjirmas plenai. — The "plena firma" is distinguished from 

the " brcvis firma" which is mentioned at p. 122 as payable in 1150 from 

le manor of Wicham ; but the relative proportions of the two firma) are not 


discoverable. The number of firmao payable from each manor varied v".- 
cording to its extent. (See IntroduclioD, p. xxnii.) In later times each 
firma contained Ifi quarters of wheat, 16 quarters of oats, and three quarters 
of barley. 

Page 96. Jo/iannet Faber.-^Ia 1279 Walter Fabcr held this tenement, 
and performed this service : '• Dat unum hamum ferream de redditu a4 
camem in coquina erigcndatn, die quo dominus habel magnam Alebedrip 
(probably the time of brewing, when the tenants supplied utensil*), et 
habebit jentaculum suum." (I. 37.) 

Page 103. Bernet. — This manor is described Id the Exchequer Domes- 
day as forming part of the Archiepiscopal manor of Mortalage, and held of 
the Archbishop by the Canons of St. Paul's. The prtedial services due 
from them of ploughing a certain quantity of the Archbishop's land "ad 
cibum in curia archiepiscopi," and of attending the ** precariffi " of the 
Archbishop, illustrate the position, that the performance of prtedial services 
does not imply degradation in condition. 

Quorum tamen num'um recepit. — The reading is uncertain. Nummvm 
would mean money received for defects, but numerum appears preferabla 
OS denoting the enumeration of the buildings in the lease granted to the 
firmariuB. In the lease granted to Gerard de Cusance in 1317 (I. 169) 
there is a clause respecting improvements and dilapidations, which iUustra(«a 
the allusion here made to the " melioratio " and " deterioratio " of the 
buildings. " Et quicquid metiorationis iaventum fuerit tunc ibidem la 
domibus vel utensilibus prsilictis per eum receptia liberum et quietum 
eisdem decano et capitulo reroanebit, ita tamen quod, si domos aliquas 
inutiles vel ruinosas destruxerit, vel onerosas aut male dispositas in melius 
mutaverit alibi transferendo vel competentius di.qponendo, debita rccom- 
peitsatio sibi fiat de necessariis et utilibus meliorationibus per eum, ut 
prsemittitur, factis cum aliis inutilibus vel ruiuosis per eum destructls, et vel 
male diaposltis alibi translatis, seu utilius et melius ordinatis, dum tamea 
sufiicientia aysiamenta domorum necessariarum et utilium dimittantur." 

Page 105. Ponunt foldam #uam.— The folding from Hokday to tlw 
first of August on the demesne, and paying for the charge of the stock so 
folded, was an advantage to the lord, both as respects the manuring of the 
demesne and providing tbo wages of bis shepherd, 

> pattura. — This right of feeding is distinct from th&t 


dding just mentioned, which was limited to the demesne lands I: 
nokday and the first of August. It was that denominated pasture of 
I, and was enjoyed from Easter to Michaelmas ; nor was the lord 
md to provide any shepherd for the sheep thus depastured. 

Page 107. Inrolutatio, Sfc, — These extracts from the enrolments of the 

Keedings of the Justices in Eyre of the 5 and 20 Ed. I. 1277 and 1292, 

D the last page (but in a much later hand) of the Domesday of 1222. 

VUlet et reward' Jhretl/g. — The viewR and surveys of the King's 

Quiela de canihvs expeditandu. The not being compelled to law their 

I. by mutilating their feet to prevent their chasing the game. 
Jmbladilura. — The growing corn on assart lands. 

I>e Agnett Picot — In an Inquiaition made 3 Edw. I. mention is made 
f a Purprestura at ChJngford held by one Picot who paid to the Treasurer 
r St. Paul's three days' work and three halfpence. (Rot. Hundred, lol. 
160.) From the Placita de Quo Warranto (p. 282) it appears that 
in the 6 Edw. I., the year following this circuit or iter of Roger de 
Clifford, the Bishop of London and the Chapter defended their rights on 
this manor by producing their charters, and that they were dismissed " sine 
, £e,'' their claim being allowed. 

ft Htbrugge, Chingeford. — The Chapter appear to hare been charged 

Pwith a Purprestura committed in the time of Simon do Stanbrugg. The 

Charter of King John which had been produced at Chingford (6 Edw. II.) 

was produced ^;ain, and the rights of the Chapter both at Chingford and 

Heybiidge allowed. 




This MS. for the transcriplion of which the Editor is indebted to the 
Rev. H. O. Cox, Under-Librarian of the Bodleian, contains only two leayes, 
written in double columns, of the folio size, the handwriting and the page 
being of the same character but rather larger than that in the Domesday 
of 1 222. They are part of a book which originally contained, as is shown 
by the Capitula (p. 110), not only the Inquisition of 1181, but many 
other particulars relative to the Cathedral and its possessions. 

Page ] 09. Annus ah Incamatione, S^c, — The date of the Inquisition, 
as commencing Jan. 8, 1181, and synchronizing with the 21 of Alex- 
ander III. and the 27 of Henry II. accords with the Chronological Tables 
of Sir H. Nicolas. The King Henry here mentioned, as the king's son, 
was the eldest son of Henry II. who was crowned king during his fiither's 
lifetime, on the 14th June, 1170, being then fifteen years of age. He 
died at Castle Mattel, in Turenne, in 1182 ; his father died in 1 189. He 
was crowned a second time at Winchester after his marriage with Mar- 
garet, the only daughter of Louis VII. King of France ; and, as he was 
twice crowned, he was also twice buried, first at Mans, and afterwards at 
Rouen. Sandford, Geneal. Hist. p. 67. 

Page 110. Herehertiu Cantuariensis Archidiaconus. — This person 
was probably Herebertus Pauper, who in 1194 was consecrated to the 
see of Salisbury. Godwin de Prsesulibus, p. 342. 

RohertuM Mantell. Vicecomes. — He was Sheriff of Essex and Herts for 
twelve years subsequent to the 16 Henry II. ; the two counties being under 
the same sheriff until the 9 Eliz.. (Fuller's Worthies, vol. i.) He was the 
founder of the monastery of Bileigh, in the parish of Maldon. 

Nicholas de Sigillo. — He was probably a relation of Robertus de 
Sigillo, who died Bishop of London in 1151. Nicholas, sumamed Scriba, 
was also a Canon of St. Paul's at the time of this Inquisition. 

Rieardiu Huffui. — A Canon and Prebendary of Twyford, who, in the 
time of Hugo de Marini the Dean, became the Firmarius of Betchamp 
(See the Lease, p. 188), Hia surname RuffuB distinguishes him from 
Richard the Archdeacon, who had also held the lease of that manor, but 
who was not Archdeacon of Essex later than 1 1613. New court, in bis 
Repertorium, haa assigned the surname of Ruffus to the Archdeacon, but, 
as it appears, incorrectly. It is remarkable that among the lists of tenants 

^of the manor of Belchamp in 1 ii'i, the name of Matilda occurs as " relicta 
Ricardi Ruffi," and as holding au acre of land. 
r Odo de Dammartmo. — This person does not appear to have been a 
canon. The family, of which he was 8 member, was settled at Norton, 
the church of which was given in the reign of Ric. I. by Bartholomew de 
Dammartino, the patron, to the nuns of St. Leonard's at Bromley. 

Johaftne$ de Marigni. — Possibly a relation of Hugo de Marini, the 
predecessor of Radulphus de Diceto in the deanery. 

Nicholas LondontKniia Archidiaconut. — In the List of the Prebendaries 
of Oigate, this Nicholas is mentioned as being the son of Nicholas Croce- 
mannus, the former prebendary. 

Page 1 13. Inquiaitio facta infra viginti dies duoa. — This progress began 
in the winter in the month of January. That in 12^2 appears to have 
taken place at Midsummer. In 1^79 the progress began on the 19th Sept. 
at Naitock, and ended at Chiawick on the 24th Oct. : more places were then 
visited, and the whole time occupied thirty-six days instead of twenty-two. 

Page 113. Reginaldus prapnsihis- — Mentioned io 1222 as having been 
a. tenant of this manor. Sec page 7, and note there. 

Page 114. Eic. archariut — Aschetillw — Stonhardut. — Among the 
jurors in 1222 we find Thomas Archer, Anketillus and Stonhardus. The 
two latter were probably the persons who had served forty years before. 

Roberlus persona tenet. — The lands of this Robert Persona were held 
(the stanwinesland eitcepted) in 1222 by Ricardus de Pet«wineahale ; and 
subsequently by Nicholas de Petewineabale ; and in 1279 by Nicholas his 
son. In 1240, another member of the family, William de Pet«winesball, 
held a messuage formerly held by Ricbard. It is probable that Robertus 
Persona was the ancestor of the family. We learn from I. 101, that, prior to 
127», Nicholas, the son of Nicholas, bad sold all his land hut seven or 
acres, one Martinus de Suthmere being both the purchaser of the 


fourscore acres which belonged to Nicholas, and also the tenant of twenty- 
four acres, for which he rendered service to the manor for himself and his 
tenants ; the same Martinus having fourteen tenants rendering him service, 
whilst he himself rendered service for a small portion to another tenant, 
Robert Lovekyn, who had tenants under him, himself also rendering service 
to the manor. Such was the intricacy attendant upon manorial subinfeuda- 
tion, being the counterpart upon a smaller scale of the intricacy of the 
relations, in which kings and princes and nobles stood to each other, as 
possessors of lands, either in the same or in different countries, under the 
system of feudality, which scarcely recognised the possession of land apart 
from fealty, or the performance of some kind of personal service. 

RandulphuM praponfus, — The tenement held by this person is men- 
tioned in 1222 as held by William the son of Absolon at the same rent, 
V*. vie?. 

Pag^]17. liti tenent terrcu operarias. — The possessors of some of 
these lands appear in the subsequent Inquisition of 1222. Stanhard's 
half-virgate was held by John de Wicham ; that of Lambertus, the son of 
Ailinar, descended to his daughter, Basilia ; that of Lambertus g^rossus to 
his widow Alicia. Robert the son of Wlurinus was still alive ; and his son 
had become a tenant. 

IN BELCHAMP, a.d. 1240, pp. 118—121. 

This document, which exhibits an increase made in the rent payable by 
t the teoants of certain lands of the demesne termed ''inlands" to the amount 
I of one-half of the former rent, illustrates the statement in the Introduction 
I ^p. viii.), that increase of rent was to be obtained hy the lords of manors 
I only for newly inclosed lands, or for lands belonging to the demesne. 

These tenants had held their lands " sine auctoritate capiluli," thnt is, at 
e will of the Grmarius, and it is to be remorked, that the proposal to increase 
e rent came from the tenants thempelves, " infrascripti tenentca augmenlaTe- 
I mint reddilum aBsisum," on the condition that they should bold under the 
iter, " ut auctoritas capituli interveniret." It is probable, thai thus 
I loldiDg of the chapter, they acquired a permanent and hereditary right In 
I the land ; the survey of Runweil in l'22i (pp. 70, 71) containing a record 
1 of a similar increase in the rent of lands in the demesne, with the addiUon 
L " de cremento per capituliiro, ut sit perpetuum." 

The number of the tenants in this document is 31. In ten instances 
I Wther the tenants or their family may be iilentified in the survey of 1222, 
. Henr' Pictor, Rogerus fil" Rob', Johannes Pelliparius, Henr' dux, 
Auicia relicta Gilibertl suoris. Will' de Petewinshale, Lambertus faber, 
Rob'tua leffrich, el Will's Mot. carpcntariua A similar identiScalion might 
be made from the survey of 1279, as compared with this list in 1240. 
With respect to the tenants of the demesne of this manor of Belchamp, it 
is remarkable, that the information respecting them in the documents of St. 
Paul's relates to fouf periods, the years lie I, 122:.', 1240, 1279. Hugo 
de Si. Edmund, here mentioned aa Custos Manerii, was Prebendary of 
Ealdstreel, and 1250 Archdeacon of Colchester. 

C1.HD. SOC. 


TWELFTH CENTURY, pp. 122—139. 

Of these documents, seventeen in number, sixteen relate to the manors 
of Wicham, Cadendun, Runwell, Adulvesnasa, Barling, Bemes, Kens- 
wurth, I3elchamp, Nastock, Sandun, Chingeford, and Ardeley, and one to a 
property at Twyford, which is recorded in the Exchequer Domesday 
(Middx.) as belonging to the Canons of St. Paul's, but which, being held 
as a distinct prebend, and not forming a part of the *' communa,** was not 
included in the Inquisition of 1222. 

These documents, as recorded in Book L (fol. 32—46), are transcripts 
of leases, which, as appears from the lease of Belchamp (p. 138), were 
executed in two parts and indented ; as to their date, they are earlier by 
several years than the Chartaa of the same kind in Madox's Formulare 
Anglicanum, and they form the commencement of a series of similar 
documents now remaining in the archives of St. Paul's, under which, 
modified from time to time as fresh conditions were added to the lease, the 
Canons who were Residentiaries held the Manors of the cathedral as 
lessees to the end of the fifteenth century. 

Page 122. Hcec est conventus inter capitulum , . , et jRoberiumJiUum 
Ailwini sacerdotis, — It appears from the names of the witnesses to this 
lease that Ailwinus the priest had four sons, Robert, William, Ranulph, 
and Henry. W^hether matrimony was allowed or not to priests, it is thus 
certain, that in that age they did not disown their children. Among the 
witnesses in the next lease (p. 124) we find Walter the son of the Bishop. 

Debet reddere Rohertus; and p. 123, Debet Ailwinus reddere. — The 
scribe, in making out the lease to Robert the son, of a property held by 
Ailwinus the father, appears to have copied the original lease to Ailwinus 
without properly altering the name. The names of the witnesses do not 
supply the means of determining the date of this lease, which is in sub- 
stance as old as that of Ailwinus the father of Robert, and is upon the face 
of it a transfer of the lease from the father to the son. 


■ttSiiA^^hf %V"TAra 

^B /« festo S'eti Martini, tl S'cti Joannis Daplisla. — The firms of 
^^B'''U'icham, origioally payable at these feasts, cootinued to be paid on nearly 
^H tiw same days, and at the same intervals, at a much later period. (See the 
^Krabtes, p, 155-l^g.) 

^H^ Stxdectm bovet quemguf pradalum ifcHi d. — The prices, which are 
affixed to tlie different kinds of live stock in these leasesj being those 
payable at the end of the lease, may be assumed to represent Iheir ordinary 
Talue ; oxen and horses being worth 3». ; sheep 3(/., Ad., and 5rf. ; and 
goats id.; boars and sows from %d. to lid.; pigs, varying according to 
their size and age, from a penny for a ^sucking-pig, to Ad., &d.,Bd.,anA \id. 
We have to remark, that the lowest prices for horses and oxen are 
those fixed in this Icose to Robert the son of Ailwin, the horses being 
valued at 2s. &d. instead of As., and the oxen at 2s. Ad., the values being 
reduced from those in the lease held by his father. A Roat also in the 
yg_ father's lease was valued at Grf., but in the son's at 4d. The prices of the 
H stock in the lease of Sandun (p. 131), granted in 1 155, are interesting, as 
W' allowing n great variety in the v.ilues of the horses on that manor ; the careta- 
riui equus being worth 6j. id , olhers 5s., As , and 'is There wat a similar 
difference in the value of oxen of 5s. Ad , 5s., and 3f. The two leases 
of Ardele (pp. 135, 13G), (the first of ivhich was granted in 1141), show 
also similar differences of value ; in the former, horses and oxen were 
valued at 3f. : but in the latter, the horses were valued at 3s. and 6s., the 
oxen at St. and 2s. 

Cum oil. denai'iis elemosintr. — This sum was received every week by 
the Almoner: it was probably applied, not to the poor generally, but to 
the ■* pneri elemosinarise," or chorister*, as they were afterwards termed. 

Tripes euin mammola. — A three-l^ged stool with a hand-mill. In the 
inventory of Wicham, in 127!) (I. 97), the word is " mola manualis." 

Orrtum. — The dimensions here given of the height from the floor to 
the principal beam {trabes); from the principal to the ridga (festum); 
tbe lateral distance between the pillars (posies) i the breadth of the 
wing or aisle (aln); and the whole length, with the hipped bays or 
lean-to at the end of the barn (num culnciis), exhibit the entire structure 
of ibe barn. 

PMge 123. Orreum plenum de mancnrno — plenum frumenti — plenum 
tmt»a. — As the tenant generally received in stock on his entering upon the 
manor ihe produce of the former j-eni', so at the termination of the lease 


he left behind the ssnie quantity. The etock of com and catlle thus pot 
into the leuanla' hands was equivalent to so much capital towards carrying 
on the work of tlie farm. 

Page 123. Contra caitella. If we accept the definition of Wardpeny, 
OS pven by Spelman, " Denarii Vicecomiti vel aliis Caalellani* pertoluti 
ob castronim presidium vel excubias," we may infer that Wardpeny is the 
payment here alluded to, though described in an unusual manner. 

Page 124. Tolum bladum manwii.— The produce of a whole year. 

Ad liberationem. — For wages to the members of the cathedral. (See 
Introduction, p. xlvii.) 

Page 125. AdqttielavH ipte Ricardu). — As the tenant of Wicham 
guaranteed to protect the rights of the villa against the usual demands of the 
County (see page 123), so here there was an engagement lo defend the Uke 
right against the King, and specially against penalties for " sarlum," or 
breaking up forest land. The influence of Richard the Archdeacon with 
the Chapter must have been powerful lo procure him permission to name the 
Canon, who should succeed him in the lease. The mention of his purpose 
to plant a vineyard, dividing the wine made between himself, his successor, 
and the Chapter, and the engagement on the part of the Chapter to confirm 
all the agreements, which the Archdeacon should make wilh the tenants ai 
respected rents, are proofs, that the taking the lease was really a com- 
mercial speculation, 

Reddet in die annivertarii ejus. — A payment for an ohil on the anni- 
versary of his death and the performance of a mass, 

AdulveinaMa. — Tliis eitensive manor comprised a large district in the 
hundred of Tcndring and county of Essex, containing three parisbesi 
Thorpe, Kirkby, and Walton, called at this day, with reference to the 
ancient manorial jurisdiction of the Chapter, "The Sokens." Of all the 
Manors possessed by the cathedral it lay at the greatest distance, and pro- 
bably was on that account not included in the number of the Manors 
which rendered the firmte every week at St. Paul's. At the end of 
the twelfth century the rent of this Manor was 45/.. but when Richard de 
Newport, as Prebendary of Ulmgton, held the lease (prior to 1304) the 
annual rent paid by him for the Manor and the tithes was 104/. in quarterly 
payments. (1. 1(17.) 

Sine omnimoda heTedilnte. — A provision, combined with those which 
follow, barring the heirs of the lessee from any chiim of possession. That 

ttb wu not an unnecessary precaution, is shown by proceedings wbich took 

n46Hen.llI.macause before the Justices Id Eyre, at Chelmsford, in 

irhich Richard de Tilbury brought an ejectment against the then Firmarius 

F the Manor and Church of Titlingham, alleging that he was the grand- 

I and heir of [ticbard de Tillingham his grandfather, who had died 
iinezed in fee of the premises ; the fact being, that this Richard had no 
Bi«tber interest in the premiaes, except that aa hia father and uncle were the 
ii of the Manor, and his uncle also Firmarius of the Church under 

i Chapter ; he himself was born in the Manor Houi'e. The Dean and 
Chapter appeared lu answer in behalf of iheir let nt, and the case went to 
I jury ; the verdict was iu favour of the Chapter, and Richard de Tilbury 
was " in misericordia pro falso clamore." (Book 1. fol. 73b.) 

Page 126. Imp/emenlum. — The term " implementum " appears, from 
the expression ''implemenlura bladi de melioH blado," to have a particular 
rrference to produce. At page 138 we find ■' instauramenta," and also 
" im piemen ta." Possibly the quantities of com, which were part of the 
stock, were called "implementa," as filling prescribed portions of the hams. 

In coatlanliu, i.e. (see pp. 129, 132, "pistrini et bracini") Constantis, 
expensiB; Du Cangc. — Under the term " constantiffi" it would seem, that 
QOt only wood for fuel in baking and brewing was included, but also the 
wages of the brewer and baker ; for in later times there was paid with each 
finna Sn. Sd. for wood and 3j. 1 Od. for " liberatio famulorum." 

Ad eommunilatem. — The chapter was termed " Communitas ; " the 
cammon fund divisible among them, " Communia." 

Page 127. Secepti sunlfralrea, iic. — These persons were most pro- 
bably not received as Canons, but onlv admitted to the privilege of " Frater- 
nity " (see Du Cange and Hoffman in voce), as is shewn by the expression, 
"taro bciieficiis quam orationibus." This phrase, as denoting the advantage 
of masses and of prayers, occurs in a charier of the middle of the thirteenth 
century, now in the archives of St. Paul's, which (after reciting ihat Alexander 
the cordwfliner and Itoysia his wife had given to the Church of St. 
Augustine at the gale of St. Paul's a piece of ground on the north side of 
the church sixteen feet wide towards the north, and fifteen feet in length 
towards the west, for the extensiou of the church and the erection of an 
altar to the Virgin) further states; that in return for this gift the Hector 
of the church, with the consent of the Dean and Chapter, had agreed " quod 


ego Alexander et Alici& uxor mea (defuncU), el Rojeia uxor mea, participei 
erimus de omnibus bene/iciis et oralianibus, que in dicta erclesia tiierint in 
perpctuuiD. Concessit eiiam pro Be et successoribus suis, quod specialiter 
in dicta ecclesia nominatim erimua in diebus dominicis, in precibus commu, 
nibus pro benefactoribua ejusdem pcrlesie, et quod in singfulis missis, qiue 
in codem aitari Beats Marie virginis celeb rabuntur, specialiter dicetur 
CAllecta pro anima mea, uxorum et beoefactorum meorum," 

It is probable that the " Confrariae " of which mention is made in tlie 
" ExLenta terrarum Hoapitalis S. Johannis Jerusalem in Anglia," recently 
published by the Camden Society, as always attendant upon every Pre- 
ceptory, and whose voluntary coiitributious formed a considerable part of 
its revenues, were fraternities of persons, who shared the benefit of the 
prayers of the order. We may observe, that a Preceptory inhabited by 
two or three or more members of the order would hardly be lonely, when 
surrounded by a confraternity of persons living in society, sharing the 
religious exercises of [he order, and contributing voluntarily, but liberally, 

Geriumn. — This Anglo-Saxon word denotes any kind of compensation, 
whether in the way of purchase or reward, or for damages. The ten shil- 
lings here called gersuma was the premium or fine paid for the grant of 
the lease. 

Lancept. — A varied form of landceap or landcop, money given for tbe 
possession or purchase of land, (See Laws of Ethelred, iii. 3. Du Cange. 
Bosworth's A.-S. Dictionary.) 

Pro eorum animabut, 8ic — On the death of the survivor any property 
in the manor belonging to the tenant was to be accounted a legKcy to the 
Chapter, to be disposed of to pious uses for the souls of the deceased 

Ug TuiJercU. — This document is peculiarly interesting, aa relating to 
one of those portions of the cBlhedral property which formed the "pre- 
benda," or separate estate of one of the canons. (See Introduction, pp, iii. 
iv ) The exact time at which each of the thirty canons of the cathedral 
received an estate for their msintenance apart from the " communa." or 
general fund, and became entitled ■■ Prebendarii, de Tuiferd, de Willesdon, 
de Neasdon," &c. is involved in obscurity. We may, howevi.-r, trace the 
comraenoenwnt of the system, ss respects tbe cathedral of St. Paul, in the 


B, which are recorded ta the Eichequer Domesday, of CanoDS of the 

I cathedral holding separate estates. In Tuiferd, Durandua and Gueri each 

rjKldlWQ hides. Id Kugemere, lUdulphua, acanan,hRd a MmiUr holding. At 

{fit. Pancras, Walter, a canon, also held one hide. The property which after- 

' wards constituted the tno prebends of Cadington was at that lime held by the 

Canons, but was not yet made "prebendil." (See note, '' Preeter duas prae- 

bendas," p Ixiii.) With reaped to the property at Tuiferd here mentioned 

it is interealiii^ to observe, that the same Durandus who held it in 1086 

was alive in 1103, and that his name appears in the catalogue given in 

Newcourt's Repertorium (vol. i. p. 217) as the Sret prebendary of 

Twyford. The property was suUsequently held for a few years, as we 

learn from this charter, by Reynerus, and waa then surrendered by him to 

the Chapter in favour of Walter de Cranford and bis daughter. The rent 

payable is remarkable, aa conaiating of five shillings in money, and also the 

Ltithes of com, sheep, and goats. Twenty shillings — a sum equal to four 

money-rent — was al^o to be paid at the death of the sur- 

ing tenant as an obit, on the interment of his or her body at the 


Page 128. De Kemwurda. — This manor, though it joined Cadington, 
r paid its rent in " firmffi," but,a3 the manor of Edulvcsnasa, in money. 
The terms of the lease are remarkable, if the words " sic deioceps " are to 
be literally understood, for it would seem that the rent varied in a cycle of 
seven years. The first year's rent being 5^, that of the second Gl., oi the 
third It., of the fourth 8/, of the fifth, sixth, and seventh 10/., reverting 
■gain at the beginning of the second seven years to 5/. In IS79 the rent 
of the manor was £20 13x. id., and the value of the church twenty-eight 
marks, £18 13f. id. 

Ecclenam liberam ab oirmi persona. — See Introduction, pp. xliv. ilv. 

Bladum }xx. acrarum. — The demesne lands were generally cultivated in 

threu courses, or seasons, as they were termed. In this manor the three 

courses were, seventy acres in winter com, seventy acres in spring com, 

and eighty in fallow, " Warectats." 

Page 129. .^af/a Au;W manmV.— The manor house consisted of three 
parts — the halla, the doraus, and the thalamus. Their respective heights 
were 22 feet, 1 7 feet, and IS feet : if they ranged in succession the whole 
Jength waa 35 + 12 + ^2 = R9 feet. The measurements above and belo* 



I open to the roof, and that the roof 

r le&se of this 

the beam indicate that each 
resembled that of a barn.* 

Hicardut ArchuC «( Untret Edoleetmua.- 
manor to William Ae Occhnnden haj \>een noticed at p. 125. It here 
appears, that on bis death Richard the Archdeacon of Essex bought the 
lease of that manor by paying 20 marcs " in gersumara." From tbu 
account here given of his conduct in bargaining with the Chapter to hold 
Belchamp nith Edulvesnasa, and extorting their consent to the non-fulfil- 
ment on his part of s1l the conditions on which he obtained the two manors, 
it would seem that be was not a favourite amongst his brethren. He is sup- 
posed to have been archdeacon 1 142 to 1 168. He appears to have been 
a different person from Ricardus Ruffui, who, a few years later, at the time 
of the inquisition of Ralph de Diceto in 1 161 (see page 1 1 I), had accu- 
mulated to himself a large share of the cathedral possessions, holding at 
that time, together with Edulvesnasa and Belchamp, the manors of Barling 
and Uunwell, ivitb a rooiety of the manor of Saudone. Richard the Arch- 
deacon and Richard Ruffus are both of them mentioned as having at the 
same time an interest in the church and manor of Runwell, (See page l.W.) 

Page 131. ffominet er duohus Or/ocii.— Wale Ion, Kyrkby, and Thorp 
were the ecclesiastical divisions of the great manor of Edulvesnasa in 1181 
(see pp. 148, 149). In the inquisition of 1222 the Hidarii of Kirkby and 
Horlock are enumerated together, and only one Ilorlock mentioned. A 
change appears to have been afterwards made in the duty of repairing 
buildings here mentioned- At the time of granting this lease ihu tenant! 
were to repair the four houses of the court, but not the great bam ; wbereaa 
in 1222 the granarium of Waleton was to be repaired with limber felled, 
and prepared, and carried by them, and the oi house, " bovaria," (but not 
its lean to, " culacium,") made at their own cost of labour. (See p. -18.) 

Adhuc in curia ilia runt, &c. — Inventories of the live and dead slock 
received, and to be rendered by the firmarius al the termination of his lease, 
continued for several centuries to form a part of the leases granted by the 
Chapter, the same articles of household furniture, tools, and utensils being, 
as It would seem, handed down from geueralion to generation. The follow- 

* In olber liaiei, tfaoan of AdulTcsnasi (pp. 131. 133J, of Sandan (p. 134], of 
Ardcleti (pp. 136, 137), the buildings of the maiior honse are mentioned, but wilhovt 
the locant* ueoant of the dimeDMoni ■■ hen given. 



^ Ing columoa exliibit the inventories of Walelon and Thorpe, as given in thii 
! to Rtcardus Ruffua in 1150, and in one granted to Richard de New- 
port, who was Archdeacon of .Middleset in 1301, and which is recorded in 
Book [., fol. 167. The li«t of utensils subjoined to the inventories contains 
the different articles elsewhere mentioned in the leases of St. Paul's in the 

r buket, and Sb 


Plnrabi anper fotnicca dno. Boilera of IebiI, with itov 

BoorU of troad. 
QuaLuor menac cum tiipo- Tibtea viUi three legs. 

Diihf a or pUttera. 

Twelfth Century. 

in 1150. 
'•Carri (joatnir. 
■Corb.ll. tr«. 

rnvenlory of Wnletoii 
in 1304. 
Can-i quamor. 
Corbilll Irea. 


Vinni duo. 

madl. quMor. 

Cuii decern. 
TuDFlli qaatunr 

IcaiellK ligintl. 
hpK duo pr. *i'. 

Dimidia farthendale si 

Bai*li,niide probablr of metaL 
Hair ■ load, bair * quarter of 

com treatlii. 
lipCTdenteB de lerro et a 

Other Utensil 
Two la 

EnglUh Nod 

pDuK cappK cam duobus tonellia pr. it 

Tri|<Mf cam maDiiaals pr. ii'. . ., A three-legged atool, witb a 

Alpcdao p. 13S TwolrougbB. Fr. Kage. 

Mola ana „ A niill-«tane. 

Buani daa .... „ Too baaias. 

* " Habebnat imsm tlnan 

" Aipottavit qnsndam t: 

t Uonn molEodinain mti 

" I. 132. 

liacibuB." Rat. Hund. 11. S54. 

io (■ imnstard-miU), precinn *i d. I. Ii3. 



Bucci dao . 
Baochum torDatile 
Besca una . 
Veatilaria lignea duo 

Mensa dormiens 

Scala alta . 
Ventorium ? 

Page 131. Ad curiam pel 

p. 132 





English namei. 
Two batts. 

A bench that turns op ? 
A spade. 

A long-handled bill. 
An auger or wimble. 

The two beams with sails for winnowing ? 
A bench. 
The cupboard where drinking-yessels are 

p. 137 A table fixed, as distinguished from one 

Troughs or tubs. 

A high ladder. 
An oat sieve. Fr, Tanette ? 

p. 134 
p. 136 






iinent singulis septimanis Ixix. opera, — In the 
inquisition of 1279 there is a list of the names of all the persons, 63 in 
number, from whom the " opera/* or day-works here mentioned, were due. 
The obligation was proportionate to the quantity of land, one day's labour 
per week being due for every five acres held by the tenant (see page 51, 
line 18). The whole amount of the labour here mentioned, at 69 days per 
week, is equal to that of eleven and a half men. The demesne land of 
Waleton in 1222 contained 720 acres, towards the cultivation of which that 
number of men would supply no inconsiderable part of the necessary labour. 

Acree de wareiOf rehinatee, faldatee^ seminatee. — The nine score 
acres '* de wareto '* here mentioned probably formed a third course or 
<' seisio ** of the demesne lands, of which we read at p 133, '* Tota seisio 
waretata.*' The words ''rebinatao, faldatae, seminatse," shew the actual 
condition of the fallow or wareta; part was rehinata^ twice ploughed 
(Du Cange) ; another part faldatoy folded with sheep for manure ; and 
another seminatay sown; the remainder was still wareta^ or fallow. At 
p. 133, **Juldicium et^/»mictum,** folding and manure, are mentioned in con- 
junction with the '< seisio waretata." 

Page 132. Ecclesias liheras. — That is, without any Parson or Rector 
appointed, who would have had a right to the tithes and profits of the 
Church. (See Introduction, p. xliv.) 

Ihi est aula, &c. — The Court-house at Kensworth consisted but of 


imgi the halla, the domua, 
f Court-house of Thorp, hire ie 
hill; 2. the chamber; 3. the tri^anli: 
6. the brcwhouse; 7. the 

and the thalamus (ape page r29). 
crlbed, was more extensive: 1. the 
;• 4. two " privatiB domus;" 5. the 
malthouse; 8. the dairy; 9. the 

■ -4op < 

10. three hcnhousea. At Saiidon (p. 134) the Court-house 
coDlained I. the hall ; S. the chamber ; 3. ihe privala : 4. the oi-shed ; 5. 
the washhouse (bateressa) ; 6. the brewery ; 7. the pigstje ; 8- ihe henhouse. 
At Ardelei (p. 13G) ihe buihlings were l.n good hall; 2. a chamber; 
3. a triaanta ; 4. ao addition to the h.-iU on the soiilh ; 5. a privata domua 
adjoining the camera ; 6, another in the court; 7. a granary ; 8. a kitchen; 
9. n hay-house; 10. a stable. In the lease before mentioned as granted 
to Itichard Newport, Archdeacon of Middlesex, the condition of the 
Mauor-hmwe and building at Waleton is thus described (I. 167): " The 
old hall with a sollarf and a fire-place (caminiis), and a garderoba at the 
of the hall on the west, and also a great chamber with a trisantia at the 
! end of the hall ; a great kitchen, in which were a bakehouse and a 
'house, and an oven ; a dairy and a large granary ; a henhouse, and a 
great stable outside the court (extra curiam) towards the we.'t, used aa a 
cowhouse, because the cowhouse aod ox-shed, and a long stable divided 
into three, has lately been destroyed by the inroad of the sea. Also ft 
ehopel situate within the court adjoining the chamber, with five glazed win- 
rivwa : a dovecote and a building to hold waggons and carts: also a 
ptllar with a small cellar at the hall door." 

. Page 133. Facienl juslitiam de RacT tie iV(i)-<-i.— Theodore and 
Robert were (aa appears from the foregoing document), the Firmarii of 
Navestock ; and Radulphus de Marci was a refractory tenant, who withdrew 
hia services and rents due for lands held by him, belonging to the Chapter. 
The amount of these services and rents was of such value, that in the case 

* Ths TrJsintia ajipesrs to hsva been that part of ■ hsil or chamber, which was lepi- 
ntti by a screen, ind which might form either sntnte-chimber or areceai. lo 1383 the 
manor-hoDse of Sutton had " unum gamerBm diviiim cum triwHliii *d clerical." 
(I. 24.) 

i The Solirium or lollir was i ruora or chamber at the top of the baililing. ■' Sola. 
riuiH. Locus ediCut in damo.aoli eipoiilui, ubi ipriciri iolebanC." (FacciaUti.) The 
eiitricler of the luUriutn is more clesrlj (hiiwn hy Ihe drfi^ition iii the Catholicon of 
J. d« Jaaus : Solatium, (|uaii lalaucium, quia soli et aeri lel sara jiatenl. 


of the Finnarii being unable, or finally tbe Chapter neglecting, to enforce 
the payment of them, it was but an act of justice to the Firmarii, that the 
Chapter should release them from a part of their obligation, and take 
account of the loss which they must sustain. It would seem, however, that 
this Radnlfus de Marci, or at least his successor, became tractable ; for we 
find in the inquisition of 1222 that William de Breaute, with the heir and 
daughter of de Marci, then held the land of Radulfus for XTi#., and 
satisfied the Crown for all the demands upon the hide, to which allusion is 
here made as the <* regis exactiones ;*' it being said of him (p. 75) 
** consuevit defendere eam versus regem." 

Page 135. Gulielmum cturifabrum cognomenio monncAiffR*— This 
surname was probably a soubriqueif the person to whom it waa given 
being a goldsmith, and married, as appears from the mention here made 
of his wife. The nature of the ** pactum " or bargain here alluded to is 
not mentioned, but the delay in procuring sureties for the fulfilment of it 
would show, either that there was something in it out of course, or that tbe 
goldsmith and his wife were not persons of high credit. 

Theophania, — Most probably the festival of the Epiphany, January 6 ; 
although, as appears from the authorities quoted in Soioer's Thesaurus, 
vol. i. p. 1200, the words Qto^vtka and eirc^di^eca were used in the Greek 
church synonymously of the day of our Saviour's birth. 

Page 136. ^S'u^ halco. — The ^' balk^ is the great beam or princ^ial in 
the roof of the bam. 

Page 139. Cum Mo meyhno. — Probably the middle of the bam, 
« milieu." 

THE MANORS OF ST. PAUL'S IN 1181, pp. 140—152. 


r The whole of this loquUition, which compnKS the Churches as well as 
ibe Manors of the Cathedral, has generally been assigned to the year 1181, 
and considered as pari of the Inquisition of Itadulfus de Diceto of that year 
already noticed. That part of it nhlch relates to the Manors (from page 
140 to the words " sumaia dcnariorum 1. sol." in page 146,) is extracted 
from Book L. of which volume it occupies the 77th and 78th foliot; but 
the preface to the Inquisition has been omitted, because it is identical with 
the preface, which is printed at page 112, and which begins with the 
words " Ut facilius Veritas," and ends with " errori vel fraudi." It is to 
be observed also, that the latter part of the iDqiiieition, which relates to the 
Churches (commencing at page 146 with the words '' Post maneriorum in- 
quisitioncm," and ending at page 152), does uot follow consecutively in 
Book L. Other matter intervenes, occupying folio 79, whilst folio 80, 
though ruled for writing, is wholly blank, the words " Post maneriorum 
inquisitionem " occupying the first line of folio 61, and being rubricated. 
These facts would be trivial, did they not confirm the conjecture, that 
this part of Book L. has been taken from the records of two separate 
Inquisitions, the one relating to the Manors, the other to the Churches; 
and that the Inquisition of the Manors, of which an abstract is here 
given, (though of the lime of Henry II. and subsequent lo 1170, when 
Robert Mantell became the Sheriff of Essex,) was prior to the Inquisition 
of Manors and Churches in 1 181, — a conjecture forced upon us by 
the mention in this Inquisition of several persons, as Firmarti of manon, 


who had ceased to be Firmarii in 1 181, such as Odo the Firmarius of Lave- 
hale (p. 141), Bartholomeus & Gaufridus of Wycham (p. 142), WiUielmus 
de OcchynduD of Edulvesnase (ib.), Ailmarus of Chingford (p. 144), and 
Theodoric of Drayton (p. 145). As respects, however, the Inquisition of 
the Churches, there is internal evidence, that it really forms a part of the 
Inquisition of 1181, the names of the Firmarii according with those found 
in the list of the Firmarii in pages 1 10 — \\'2. 

Page 140. Tempore Regis Henrici primi. — The reign of Henry I. as 
synchronising with the deanship of WiUielmus (from 1111 to 1 138), is here 
mentioned as the period, at which each manor was rated t^ hidage, according 
to the number of hides stated in this Inquisition. In the generality of the 
manors the assessment continued to be the same with that recorded in the 
Exchequer Domesday ; but the variations, 1. of increase of hidage, in the 
case of Ardley from six to seven hides, of Edulvesnase from twenty-six to 
twenty-seven, of Barling from two and a-half to three ; and 2. of diminution 
of hidage, as at Tidwoldentun from eight hides to seven and a-half, at 
Chingford from six to five, at Barnes from eight to four, and at Sutton 
from five to three, not only prove, that as respects the manors of St. 
Paul's some considerable changes took place in the reign of Henry I. 
with respect to their hidage, but also render it probable, that similar 
changes might have been made at the same time in the hidage of the whole 

Vicecomiti reddehat xx, solidos. — These payments were received by the 
Vicecomes or Sheriff on behalf of the Crown, and an account of them 
rendered to the Exchequer. The amount paid by each manor was not 
in proportion to the number of hides, even in the same county ; if 
estimated according to the hides, Cadendon and Kensworth would be found 
to pay at the rate of 2$. per hide, Ardley and Luvehale at 3$. 4(1., Sandon 
at 4s. 

Duos marcas vel panem unius hehdomada ad libiium Jirmat^i, — The 
payment of the firma of one week at the option of the Firmarius, either in kind 
or by two marks, was an advantage to the Firmarius, whenever, by a rise in 
the price of corn, the value of a week*s bread exceeded two marks, 1/. 6s. Sd. 
In the year 1 283 the weekly delivery of bread was nearly 800 loaves, the 
value of the loaf, which weighed six marks and a>half or 52 ounces, was 
at that time three farthings, and the price of wheat 4s, 6d. per quarter. 


Whenever llie price of the loaf exceeded three-eighlha of a penny, and 
wheat enceeded 2*. Srf, per quarter, it was to the ad?Bntage of the I'lrmarius 
to pay in kind. On referring to the " AasiaB jianis cervisise " (Statutes of 
the Realm, vol. i. p, 199,) we discover, that the lowest price at which 
wheat was supposed to be sold in England was twelve pence, the highest 
twenty shillings, per quarter. 

Eraltalio Sanctm Crucu. — September the fourteenth. The festivals 
of the first, eighth, fourlecnth, twenty-first, and twenty-ninth days of 
September, are thus described in the Calendar of the " Preces Privata;," 

JEgidi leetus gaude. Maria nata est. 

I Crucem exaltant ciincti. Mattheeo volat obvius Michael. 

H Terra aiaUa. — Land allotted to tenants. 

^ Summa denanoruin. — The amount of the money rent. See Introduc- 
duction, p. IX. 

Poleril liominus paiiert ad operalionem. — The " dominus " here men- 
tioned is not the Chapter, but the Firmarius, and the power alluded to is 
that of letting out to tenants any part of the demesne lands. In the lease 
of Itunuell (p. 12.^) the Chapter undertook to confirm any agreements, 
which the Firmarius might make for letting lands to tenants. The Firmarii 
of these two manors. Kensworth and Kunwell, were probahly not under 
the usual obligation to retain the demesne lands in their own hands, 
because the rent of those manors was payable in money, and not in kind. 

Page 141. Fail in defenia xl. tolidorum. — The manor of Luvehale 
formerly bore a part in this contrihulion as part of the Manor of Sandon, 
instead of paying a half mark on its own account. 

Vicecomiti iiij. sol. Pra-poulo kundredi v. sol. — The Manors of St. 
Paul's in the county of Essex mode payments to the Propositus, liailiff, or 
Reeve of the hundred, as well as to the Vicecomes or SherifT; but in the 
other counties, Middlesex and Herts, the payments were to the Vicecomes 

Wardpenny. — In this Inquisition Wardpenny is mentioned as payable 
only by four manors, Wicham, Norton, Chingford, and Nastock. We know, 
however, that it was payable from Sulfon (See note, Wardpenny, p. 68), 
where a watch was kept in the night at the Hegia Strata, or King's High- 
irBfi and a Wardstaff received ; the account of which, when compared with 


the tale of the Wardstaff as a Hock-tide ceremony (noticed in Sir F. 
Palgrave't Rise and Power of the British Commonwealth, toI. ii. p. dviiL 
and published by Morant in his History of Essex, i. p. 126), Itsmves us 
without doubt, that the customs of Chingford and of Sutton, as respected 
the Watch and the Wardstaff, were identical, and, if superstitious, the 
remnant of a superstition as andent as Hockday itadf. 

Page 141. Altera dknidia est in dommio geldahiKe. — That is, the 
remaining half-hide (which, with the half-hide belonging to the Church and 
the nine hides assessed to the tenants, completed the ten hides for which 
hidage was doe from the manor), was in the demesne paying hidage. The 
demesne lands of Sandon in 1222 really contained five hides and a half, but 
hidage was paid by the Chapter upon only half a hide. So also at Wicham, 
(see page 142) where the demesne contained 200 acres, the land of the 
demesne, which paid geld with the ?il1ata, was only 39 acres. 

Page 142. Pro xxvii. hidis et dtmuT de Snutinge. — Some words appear 
to haye been omitted — the right reading being, as we find in page 38, in 
the description of this manor, ^ Defendit se pro xxvii. hidis [cum duabus 
hidis3 et dimid' de prebenda de Sneting f this prebendal manor bearing its 
part in the payment of the hidage with the other lands. 

A tempore fVilFi de ffochendune. — This person became Firmarius of 
this manor during the Deanship of a Ralph and the Archdeaconship of a 
William, who were the witnesses to his lease (see p. 125); the only two 
persons of these names, who were at the same time Dean and Archdeacon , 
were Ralph de Langford and William Archdeacon of London, and that 
between 1150 and 1160. 

Canonicii vero L lib. — It appears from the lease of this manor (p. 129), 
that of the fifty pounds here mentioned, five were rent for the churches of 
the manor ; '^ et de ecclesiis ejusdem manerii centum solidos ; %:e. in summa 
1. libras.** 

QuieUe eunt pneter quam de hydagio et denegeld. — The hidage 
and denegeld here mentioned appear to be different payments from those 
mentioned above, as payable annually to the sheriff. The antiquity of 
this document is proved incidentally by an observation of Spelman, that he 
had found no mention of denegeld after the reign of Stephen. 

Cum vi, hidis scolandarum. — See note to page 58, and Introduction, 
p. xiv. 



Page 143, Berlinga defendebat se pro tnbut hidU. — The variations in 
le number of hides rateaMc in this manor are remarkable. T. It. W. the 
manor was rated at 2J hides, less 15 acres ; i.e. 300 acr^s — 15 = 285. 
T. It. H. at 3 liidcs, or 360 acres. When the whole manor was rated 
at 3 hides, the demesne was first rated at 2 hides, less 40 acres ^ 200 
acres, and afWrwards at a hide and a half = 180 acres. In 1222, 
only twenty acrea of the demoaDe were liable to the annual payment of 
2f. 2d. for hidage, and id. for wardpenny. 

Page 1 44. De guolibet husebondo. — The words " husband" and "hus- 
are descriptive of a married pair, as the house-bond and the bouse- 
In the laws of Canute {§ 73) the husband is denominated simply 
bonda," a word which, as meaning " one bound," is a remarkable 
evidence of the ancient feeling and opinion as to the reality of the ties of 

Obolus de franco plegio. — ■" Fran cum plegium" expresses in Norman- 
Latin the Anglo-Saion " Frith-horh," or Peace-pledge, by which every Free- 
man was under security to the Crown for hia good behaviour, and which was 
probably coeval with the origin of Anglo-Saxon society, though not forming a 
distinct feature in the Anglo-Saxon jurisprudence before the time of Edgar, 
A.D. 959-973. From the time of Canute (a.d. 1017-1035) vre have 
evidence, that the institution had taken the shape, in which it is presented 
to us, as an English law or custom, afTecting every town and village in 
every county ; the law of Canute, s. 20 (l.awa of England, vol, i. p. 387), 
having enacted, that every Freeman be brought into a hundred and into 
a tything, who wishes to be entitled to Lad or to Wer; .... and that 
everyone be brought into a hundred and in"borh" (i.e. aecnrity); and 
let the "borh'' hold and lead him in every plea. Under Edward the 
Confessor the custom was slill more clearly defined; the whole of the inha- 
bitants of every villa being formed into " decennas,"' or companies of ten, 
the nine being answerable for any " foris factura" committed by one of the 
ten. Over each decenna there was a chief entitled Frith borgheved or Head- 
borrow, and, in Latin Decennarius or Capitalis Pl^us. Francplege appears 
to be recognised in the laws of Wilt. (I. 25; III. 14; ib, pp, 479, 493} as one 
of the customs of the time of the Confessor ; but there is no certain evidence, 
prior to the law De liundredis tenendis, Hen. I. (ib. p. 315) of all the freemen 
summoned twice in the year to the court of the hundred, for the pur- 



pose of ascertaining the condition of the decanie or dec«nns, whether de- 
fective or having incicasMl in nunil>cr. The age of twelve years waa that at 
which, under the law of Canute, as well asuuder the law of Hen. I. the free- 
man was to be in "borh," and enrolled madecenna. The view of francpleg* 
was declared hy the lawyers iu the reigns of the Edwards (see Placita de quo 
Warranto) to be " quiedam jurisdictio regalis mere speclans ad coranam eA 
ad digni'talcni coronae domini regis;" and ahu " qusedam juBticiaiia ad 
dignitatem corons regis spertans, pro conservatione pacis su^e, quaro quidem 
justiciariam neraini licet exercere, sine speciali concessione domini regis vel 
ejus progenitorum" (pp. 88, 89, et alibi); but, sol withsian ding these decla- 
rations, the Rotuli Ilundrcdorum and the Placita de quo Warranto contain 
abundant evidence, that the lords of manors generally possessed this pri- 
vilege in virtue of custom or of royal grants, hut which, if prior to tin 
Conquest, had need of confirmation; it being laid down as a principle 
(page 4), "quod in Conquestu Anghte quaelibet jurisdictio ad coronam 
regram fuit annexa." The writers upon the " view of francplege " give no 
information, as to the period in which the personal attendance, of all the 
free tenants for enrolment in decennaj at the manor courts, or that of the 
" Capitales Dccennarii," or Headmen at the county court, ceased to be 
required. There can be no doubt of its continuance to as late a period as 
the reign of Edit. III., the payments for view of francplege from each manor 
forming a part of the revenue of the Crown, which the subject frequently 
contrived to evade, and the exaction of which by the King's vicecomitea 
or bailiffs was an excuse for oppression. At this period also the obligation 
of the ten members of the deccnna to be answerable to the Crown for any 
"forisfactura" committed by any one of them still continued in force. 
Upon the numerous duties performed by the manorial courts at the time 
when the view of francplege look place, and which are described in the Statutes 
of the Realm, vol, i. page 246, it would be foreign to our purpose to maikk 
any observation ; and if apology be necessary for the length of this note, tt 
must he found in the fact, that the law and practice of fraucplege, as her* 
stated and illustrated by the examples in the note below,* is one at] 


■ PlBCil* lie quo Warrsnta, Com. Bedford, 4 Ed. 111. 131 

Oliverui de CaincrlD EUinnioiiilus TuiC ad rnpondendu 

quo warranto clemst habere liinm franciplegfi in mai 

fl niiTtruK prr Henricum Je Plamilllr attumam souin 

p. ^3. 

dorDino Regi de placilo 
io ano de Chalnestenie. 
didt, quod ipM et_ 




my facts, which shew that the fundamental character of aociely ia 
i-Dgland as lale as the fourteenth century waa Anglo-Saxon, and that 
the Conquest made no essential change in the general principles of the 
law, or in the relation in which different classes of men stood to each 

Page]44, Ad Kolallam propositi. — Scotalla, A iiglicS S'cofa/*. There is 
some difference of opinion as to the derivation of this word (sec Spelmau and 
Du Cange); but, notwithstanding the dissent of Spelman, alc^scot, i.e. 
ale-tax, appears to he its meaning. Scotalla, and Scotallum, are used to 
denote a Meeting, and Scotale, the beer which was browed to be consumed 
or sold at the Scotalla. The " Capitula Itineria," as contained in the Statutes 
of the Realm, i. p, 234, and in Bracton (fol. 1 17), exhibit various forms of the 
word. Scotale, aotale, filctale, filaon ale, and outlaw's ale — one Article of 
the Capitula being as follows : " Of inferior bailiffs which make the ale, 
which is called scotale, and sometimes filsoo ale, or outlaw's ale, that they 

omnei lapradictum 

rueniDt de priedicio vitu, Unqnani 

farml sabscripti fa. quod quolibet 

dominiam taum reiidentfi ibidem coi 

midcDtium prsdi 

nominibn* eomm i 

pareate unus den 

atitis duodecim it 

fucrit, aDiercietur pi 

I lempore quo Doa eitnt memorii, ulaili 
ente ad mBncrium prKdlctmn, tenendo in 
die qas localur 1e Hockeda;, omnet infrt 
It, et p«r eOsd«m inquintur, quaics ct qn*nti 
decenna pouendi suut et non pQuuntur, et eliim de 
ion compiruerUDt ibidem. Its quod de i|noUbet com- 
et <[UDd kbsenlcB amercientur ; et limiliCcr ai quia 
cennsm inieniitur, quod tunc ille aub cujua msQuputu 
. dicit nlteriuR, quod ipse reddit domino regi duoa 

•oUdoi pro Ttsn tenenda in fonna prsdicta. 

SotBti Hnndredorum, lol. 11. p. 21P, Com. Susaex : Huodred. de Tottenore, 3° E. I. 

In > return to tbe Article of Inquisition, Qui pro potealale officii aui aliquo* 
mslitioie occuionaTerioE et per boc rxtoraerint terrna, reddltns, it aUu prieitationes 
&e. Diciint, quod Ricardua de Pevcnsei, baillivus honoris de Peveinei, amerclntcapitaltj 
plEgioa can) tola decenna, en quod atiquii de decenai ait abaena cauaa pecegrinationii 
tel caoia serrienliK in longinquia partibna, et ad prcdictum laghedaj nan lenerit, licet 
per totDP) buDdredom teglificeCer bonus et fidellB, qui ab«ea« eat. 

Tbe fallowing entries or payments by tbe decenna appear in accounts rendered to tbe 
Eicbequer by tbe Sheriff of Herd. Placita de quo Warranlo, 4 Ed. Hi. p. IG. 

In rotula >" II. II. In Eisei — llertfDril. Viceconiea reddit canipotum de dimiJia 
matca dc deeenna Gairridi Clcrici di; Oppyng et llngeii PnrcBrii pro fuga corum. Etdc 
dimidia marca do decenna Rogeri fil' Warini fugitiii. 

In rotalo lii. R. H. Vicecomei reddit compotam de I marca de francoplegio 
bardi Pocher pro fnga WillielmL 


may extort money from the suitors of the hundred, and those subject to 
them ; of those who make ale and gather garbs in the autumn, taking away 
and extorting com from the poor." From the mention which is made of 
■^otalia and Scotaltte in the Forest Charters of Henry III. and in the Char- 
ter and Forest Law of Edward I. it would appear, that the Scotalla n 
assembly, the proceedings of which were connected wilh the adminintration 
of forest law. In the Magna Charla of John no notice is taken of Scot- 
allae; but, since in the subsequent forest charters they are distinctly pro- 
hibited, we may conclude, that the Scotallfc were amongst the " male con* 
suetudinea de forestts," which, by the terms of the Magna Charta of Johiii 
were to be inquired into and done away. But it would seem th,it, though 
the great lords and their tenants desired the abolition of the Scotallie, tbc 
foresters and bailiffs, whose pecuniary interests, or whose sports, 
endangered, had influence enough to prevent their annihilation ; for not onlj 
do we find, that n limited construction is put upon the prohibitory clauses rf' 
the charters, both in the English translation of the charter of Edward I, and 
also in lhe"statuleof fines levied "(Stat. Re. i. 120, 126); but it is also to 
be remarked, that when the prohibitory statute of Edward III. 1351 (ib. p. 
32 1 ), (which forbad " any forester or keeper, or keeper of forest or chace, or 
any other minister, to make or gather sustenance, or victuals, or other thing, 
by colour of their office, against any man's will,") allowetl them still to take 
" that which was due ofotH right," it rather estjiblished than destroyed the 
custom. In the forest charters mention is mnde of " com, lambs, and youi^ 
pigs," as Utkcn for the Scolnllii; ; hut Flcta's " Scotales garba;" (ii. < 
§ S5), and the conduct of the foresters of Cranborne, as described below, I 
would render it probable that the demands were in their time limited to what 1 
was required for making ale.* 

The following payments were anciently due from the Chapter Mtnor ot 
Chiogford to the Half Hundred of the Abbot of Waltham : " De Oomi- 
nico ad Scotallam vij.d. et de quolibet astro tenentium (from every hearth) J 
ejuadem villas i.d. ad Scotallam." (I, G5.) 

* " Idem rurciturii cotligunt garbai jier lututnuum infra meUs et bundu pr«<]ictu ' 
In com. Wiltei, et nihilominai poit autamnnni limilitei mctu cxtorquent cammunittr ■ 
populo juxta illun cbicitm mmcatc bUdum Irituratam id bracUndam Beotalla nu, ct 
poite* per compnlrionem lUoram MDiuDt ad icotklla iiu." Rot. Hand, co. Wilti. 
vol. U. p. 8*9. ■ 




In SumDer's Essay on Gavelkind (p. 30), a charter is cited, in wliich 
' tnention is made nf payments by tenanla to the Scotalla of the Archbishop ; 

and in the Heger book of the Abbess of Shaftesbury (Hnrleian MS. 61), 

we find the following entries; — 
I " Homines de Wrokcaham. Quilibct debet ad scotallam, iij''. ob." 
^p "Omnes alii ibimt ad scotallum dominie xicut ad scotallum t 

*| " Qnilibet, pi'seter libere teneiitcs, ad seotolluni, iij''. ob. vidua ij"*." 

Besides, however, tlic ScotAlla of the Forest, there was also a Scotalla of 
the Church, which we find mentioned and prohibited in the Provincial Con- 
stitutions of Archbiahops Langtou and Edmund in J 209 and 1236, and iu 
the Diocesan Canons of Durham, Worcester, and Salisbury, in 1220, 1240, 
and 1236. From the Constitution of Edmund, wliich forbids the Bannum 
Scotallorum, or bidding to the Scotnle, being made by the priest, we learn, 
that notice of these meetings was publicly given ; and, from the description 
of the object of the iuslitulion, vix. the salvatiou of men's souls and bodies 
(" Scotalls ct a1ia> communes {wtulionca pro salute animarum ct corporum 
introdiictte," Wilkins, Concilia, vol. i. pp. 5^0 and 7t0), we may reason- 
ably conjecture, that this Scotalc owed its origin lo, or is connected with, the 
Anglo-Saxon sawl sneat, soul scot,' symbolum animic, or [lecunia sepulture, 
which w&s recognised by tlic laws of Athclstan, Edgar, Ethelred, and Canute, 
as payable to the church of iho deceased nl the ojven g^rave. (See the 
references, Laws of England, Soulsrot.) 

Deeem irtiie cum verra mho. — 'i'un sow-pigs and one boar-pig. " Truie 
—La femelle du pore." Fi-enob dictionary. 

Page 1-14. Et/uicium quantum vuluerii. — Equitiuni, cquorum armentum, 
" a stud of horses." In the Abbrcviatio Uotulorum Originallum Scaccarii (vol. 
ii.) we 6ud frequent mention of the"custodes equitii," or keepers of the king's 
stud ; and also of the " custodia pullationim et jumentonini et totins eqnitii " 
(p. 97); and of provision " nd fenum, literam, avena, et alia necessaria 
pro sustentatione equitU regis." (p. IGOb.) The meaning of the words 
"quantum volneris," as added to "oqiiiciuui," are obscure ; but, since Ching- 
tbrd adjoined the Forest of Waltham, it is probable that the lord of tlie manor 
of Chingfordmiglit have the right of depasturing within the forest any number 
of horses, at such times as the forest was not in " fence." We may quote in 
iUnstration chap. viii. of the Leges Forestanim Scoticaj, which is as follows ;— 


<* Si post defensionem iDyeniantur equi in foresta, lidtum est forestario 
capere prima vice pulluin unius anni, secunda vice pullum duoram annorum» 
tertia vice pullum trium annorum. £t quarta vice totum equicium capiatur 
ad usum domini regis. Item de quolibet equo domito vel equitato in 
foresta invento quatiior denarios." 

Pr€Bter Ruthehydam quam occupatam detinet Rohertu$ de Vdloniis, 
— Of this encroachment upon the lands of the chapter by a former member 
of the family mention is made in the Exchequer Domesday, vol. iL p. 12 : 
** De hoc manerio abstulit Petrus de Valoniis unam hidam et octo acras 
prati quae pertinebant manerio T. R. £. et silvam ad quinquaginta porco- 
rum." Robert de Valoniis was a grandson of this Peter, and, as we learn 
from the History of the Abbey of St. Alban*s, possessed the family failing 
of retaining what was not his own : his unjust occupation of a wood at 
Northaw belonging to that abbey having given rise to a protracted suit at 
law, and of an appeal to the Pope on the subject, in the early part of the 
reign of Henry II., of which a particular account is given by Matthew 

Page 145. Sumfnam unam ordei dede^^unt baillivis hundredi.^^In'^ 
stances of this mode of payment of grain to bailiffs occur in the Rotuli 
Hundredorum, vol. ii. p. 560, " Unum quarterium frumenti quod datur 
baillivo per annum pro sectis hundredi ;** at p. 842, *< Semel baillivus de 
Wotton intrabit per annum ad visum franci plegii, habebit etiam duos quar- 
terios de avena.*' 

Una de scolanda. — The distinction here drawn between the demesne, 
the scolanda, and the assised land appears to denote some difference in the 

Aluricus tenet unam garatn, — In 1222 Gileberlus, the son of Aluricu9, 
held this tenement by the same service, two ploughshares (see page 93). 
Gara is said to be a measure of land (see Du Cange) ; but if derived from 
the Anglo-Saxou ^* gara," an angular point of land, it would seem to denote 
the shape rather than the quantity of the ground.* 

Page 146. Maneriolum de Wigeleia, — This small manor was at Weeley, 
in Essex, in the hundred of Tendring. It is said to have been given to the 

* In Yorkshire irregular pieces of land are called *' gares." See the Glossary of the 
Farmer^ Book of H. Beit, pnbliihed by the Surteea Society, 1857. 


church of St. Paul's in the time of the Confessor by a lady named Edgiva, 
but it cannot be identified amongst the lands which were held cither by the 
bishop or by Ihc canons in the Exclittjuer Domesday. In Book L.. fol. 40, 
there is a memorandum of the grant of the manor in the time of William 
the Dean, which illustrates the account here given of the manor being held 
" hereditarie," though it is to be remarked, that the annual rent at which it 
was permanently granted, viz. 40s. fell short of the sum originally agreed 
upon of 100«. The memorandum is as follows : — 

" Williclmus dccanus et capitulum canonicorum SVi Pauli Lond' concedunt 
Hugoui de Inga et heredibus ejus dimidium manerium de Wigeleia petente 
Edgaro. Et tenebit illud jure hercditario, ct reddct pro eo uno quoque anno 
viii. solidos Edgaro, quamdiu Edganis tenehit Wigelism de Canonicts. Et 
pro hac conventione dedit Hugo Canonicis vii. marcas .-irgenti . . . ■ Ct ei 
venerit Wigelea in dominium canonicorum, si voluerint canonici, dabit eis 
supradictus Hugo iij. marcas argent! de garsuma et lenebit totum Wigalea. 
cum dimidio mariBco, quod mtwlo tenet, el pro toto reddet uno quoque anno 
c. »ol." It is remarkable this chnrler is attain entered with some slight 
variation iii the next folio of liook I.. 

Sfanerium de Edbiirgeton. — This manor had been granted to hold as the 
foregoing: " ad firmam jure hen'ditario" for 50*. rent. Edhurgeton (the mo- 
dern Abberton near Colchester) was held by RanulphuB Piperell, or Pevercll, 
at the time of the Exchequer Survey. We have no notice of its conveyance 
to the Chapter, except that which is contained in a sort of rescript addressed 
to the Chapter by Richard de Relmcis, Bishop of London, in the year 1 lOB, 
the first year of his consecration, which recites the grant of the manor by 
Kanulphus Peverell (whose body was buried in the church), "ad usum 
luminaris ecclcsioe," and publiahes an anathema against any persons who 
should attempt to invalidate it. A copy of the document is recorded in 
Book L. fol. 39 ; and also, at a later jieriod, in the " Liber Pilosus," Book A. 
fol, 23. The respective suras of 50j. and 40». are found receivable from 
AUurton and Westleo at p. 164. 

Page 146. EccUtiarum aequitur int/uisilio. — This inquisition of the 
status of the Churches belonging lo the manors of a capitular body is pro- 
bably one of the oldest extant. That it ia rightly assigned lo the year 
1 181, or the lime when Ralph de Diceto was dean, we have evidence in 
n ilte mention of Richard Rulfiis as firmarins of Sondon, of Bclchomp, of 



Thorp and of Uuuwcll, and of William dc Northale, Archdeacon of Glou- 
cester, as finnarius of Drayton, both those persons appearing as firmarii of 
those manors in the list of firmarii at page 111. 

Nulla ruHone stutineaSf &c.— -llie advice here given that the Manor 
and the Church should not be held to farm by the same person had refer- 
ence purely to temporal interests. The ecclesia, with its fruits and profits, 
was to be held, not for the benefit of the priest who officiated, but for the 
canons amongst whom the profits were to be divided ; and the manor and 
the ecclesia, or as wc now call it the rectory, were to be separate, to prevent 
confusion of rights, and the loss consequent upon it. A vicar was to be 
employed, with the altarage only for his wages ; and, if that were not suffi- 
cient, something was to be added " ad arbitrium *' to make up the deficiency. 
The dean and the chapter were to unite in the adjustment of the vicar's 

Page 147. Qu€B sit ergo dos ecclesiai^um^ — There is so much variety in 
the endowments of the vicarages of the churches, that we have thought 
it advisable to f'xhibit the result of the Inquisition on this head in a tabular 


Kent worth. 


Glebe, ten acres free from service. Tithes, tertia pars garbamm a 

dominio S*cti Paoli ; i. e,, at 
otherwise described, the third 
part, not of the whole pro- 
duce of the demesne, but of 
the tithe. 
Glebe, one virgate of land free from No tithes. 

Glebe, one virgate and nine acres, No tithes. 

free, ficc. 
Glebe, half a hide geldabilis versos No tithes. 

Glebe, a virgate of arable land free and No tithes, 
a grant of one acre and a half, a 
rood of land near the causeway at 
Clare, and three acres less one rood, 
** ex divisa." 
Glebe, half a virgate, paying rent to No tithes, 
the finnarius viii*^. and geldabilis 
(see page 34). 




GJeb*, l«o icrei, a meuaage of two Tilbe, the tentli of the corn of 

■cm, (Dd ■ curUIsginm. the demesne. 


Glebe, ten ii^rei liberti, in the dt. Tithes, r11 the tithes of the 

meme. psriih wiccpt from the land of 

the abbot ; from that, Onlj 

titho of com and cheese. 


Glebe, roar acrea in libers elemoainB. Tithe, all the tithes of the de- 

meine and of tbe vilUta, 

great and imall. 

UmldiDtaiM. Glebe, twentj screi before the dedica- Tilbe, none. | 

of land by Hugo the Dean (circa 

U60 to U80), eight acres of wood, 


a meiBuage near the bridge, and the 

marsh Cbirohhop; all the tenement 


free from iervice. 


Glebe, nil)' acres. Tithe, the third port of the tithe 

of the demesne, in both great 

and small lilhes.sndall tbe 

tithes of (he tillata. 


Glebe, larenty sures with s mesiusge. Tithe, all the tithes of the tH- 

lata and the third part of the 

tithe of the demesne, great 
and amall. 
Globe, forty-seten acres of arable land Tithes, of the whole village, and 


and forty acres of wood, rated at the third «h«f of the tithe 

fonncore acrea. demesne. 


Glebe, nioe acres of arable land, one Tithes, all the tithes of the de- 

excepl hay. 


Glebe twanlj-two acrei <rf arable and Tithe, a third part of the tithe 

ooeof meadow (geldabiles), snd ■ of the demesne. 



Glebe, siitsen acres and a half of era- Titbe, the ..lird part of the great 

ble land, one acre of meadow and imall tithes of the de- 

mesDe, the like from the de- 

mesne eaUed ■• Scotland tbe- 

aaurarii," and from tlie two 

"YillilBe"' the whole lithe 

excrpt hajr. 


No glebe. Tithe, all the tithe of the de- 

mesne and other teDemenls. 

great and soiaU, cerUin hold. 

ing. exeepled. 




The churches thus enumerated were all '< in dominio canonicorum/' 

The two following, Runwell and Chingford, are described as not bdng 
<< fundai» in dominio canonicorum." 

The condition of the revenues of Runwell was remarkable. The 
demesne of the canons paid to the church, instead of tithes, the produce 
of two acres, one of wheat, the other of oats. Of the tithes of the yillata, 
g^reat and small, the church had one third, the remaining two parts belonging 
to the demesne, in order to make up the firma payable to the Chapter, 
and being so appropriated " per capitulum." The rector (Persona Ra- 
dulphus) rented for his personal benefit these tithes, paying for them to the 
Firmarius four shillings per annum. All the tithes of the demesne, and 
those which contributed to make np the firma, were in the hands of 
** Magister Ricardus," by grant of Richard the Archdeacon, and the 
permission of Ricardus Ruffus, the Firmarius. 

The Church of Chingford was not in the demesne. The demesne lands 
were free from tithe, and the villata paid great tithes only, never having 
paid any other. 

The Church of Magna Angra, (High Ongar,) is enumerated in the Inqui- 
sition because the little manor of Norton was in that parish, and paid to 
that church great and small tithes. The reason of the payment of a 
" socca " of wheat, and another of oats, to the church of Fifield, ** propter 
vicinitatem Christianitatis," is remarkable. 

The chapel of Twyford paid 12rf. to St. PauFs for the tithes of com, 
sheep, and gonts. The description of this manorial chapel is worthy ob- 
servation ; as not being appended to any neighbouring church, and as, by 
the permission of the Chapter, baptizing infants and burying the bodies of 
any persons who died, not belonging to any church of the Bishop of the 

Quid solvatur capitulo. — In the way uf pension the churches were a 
source of revenue to the Chapter. The payments were made either '' per 
clericos" or << per firmarium nomine ecclesis." The clericus does not seem 
to have been always the *' persona," or rector, but rather an agent. 


Payments to the Chapter. 

By whom. 


Twenty ■hillings. 

Per manas dericomm 


Twenty shillings. 



Two marks and a-half. 



Five marks. 

Per firmariiuiL 




K} tlie Chipter. 

Txentj shillings, 
One mark. 
Tventf shi)liag>. 
Siilir tbilUogi. 
One mirk. 
Ten shillmgi. 
Eight mirks. 

TweWe peace for the lilbea. 
Toeotj ahillinp. i 

Ditto. ! To the firmarini. 

One mark. I 


Per Hugo de Land, 
Per flrmuium. 
Per HnnlTiao]. 
Per firiDlirium, 
Per lirmiriuBi. 
Per firmuium. 
Per ctericum. 












It is to be remarked that the churches of llunwell and Chingford made 
no BJraiUr payments to the Chapter, and that they are said not to be " in 
doinimo canonicorum." The church of Kyrkebi was the only church " in 
dominio " that made no sucb payment. 

Quid eccUsitE mairici jure parochiali tolvatur. — The single iDHtance of 
such a payment is tliat made to the church of Fifhyde or Fifield by tlie 
manor of Norton (see p^e 150), " propter vicinitatem Chriatianitatis," for 
that proximity, of which the people of Norton availed themselves, in 
frequenting the church of Fifidd and partaking in religious ordinances. 

Quid Molvatur pro ainodalibm. — This payment la distinguished from 
one af^rwarda mentioDed — that to the Archdeacons. By the Canon law, 
(De off, Jud. Ordin. c. Cont|uerente,) a Bishop holding a Synod was 
entitled to receive the sum of two shillings from every person cited to it, 
the payment being termed " Synodaticum ; " the object of the provision 
being, as is glaled by BarbosB (De Off. et Potest. Episeopi, p, 41, alleg, 
130, n. 4), that of tempting the bishops to hold their synods; - Ut 
episeopi ad synodum celebrandam alliciantur." The Syuodalia of the 
English Church appear to have a different origin, and to be connected 
with the ancient systeoi of ecclesiastical justice, which existed under the 
Anglo-Saxon kings, by which ecclesiastical causes were tried In the court 
of the hundred, 'I'hc separation of the ecclesiastical from the secular 
courts was made by ihc Conqueror (Carta WiUielnii, Laws of England, 
vol. i. p. 495J ; but the fact mentioned by l.indwood (De Constitu. c. Quia 
Incontin. verb. Capilulum, p. 14), and cited by Gibson (Codex, p. 073), 
^tbit Itiiri-decaniil Chapters wric in some places held from three werkn lo 


tlirco wi.-cks, accuriliiig to the practici: of tiit.' maiiurial uuurU, renders it 
higlily ^jrobablo, thut lliv ccclesiaHticul courts, wliith were formed by sepan- 
tioii from ihe secular courU, continued to meet as K'foro ; and that, aa the 
Turn of the sheriff ur Shiremot was lielil twice in the year, the Synodua of 
the bishop for ecclesiastical causes was held twice in the year also. The 
Synodalia were payable at Easter and at Michaelmas — at the first and 
second synod ; but in process of time the holding these half-yearly courts 
seems to have devolved upon tlie Archdeacons, wlio now in many placet 
bold visitations or synods at EusIlt and at Micharlmaa in every year. It 
is remarkable that Lindwood, in tbe passage cited above, speaks of the custom 
of holding chapters from three weeks to three weeks, as resting rather upoD 
the Custom (or CommoD law) of England, than upon the Common law of 
the Church at Urge. 

Qui* colligal denariuta S'cli P«fn'.— There can be little doubt, ihtt 
Peler-pence was a grant of .^Ims to the Popes in the time of the Anglo- 
Saxon kings ; the earliest date assigned to it being the reign of laa, who 
became king of Wessex Ju G88, and after a reign of thirty-two years retired 
to Itorac. The payment of the denarius S. Petri, or Itomfeoh, was the 
subject of legislation by Edward and Guthrum (circa 900), by Edgar 
(959), by Ethelred (998), by Canute (1017), by Edward the Confessor 
( 1 043). It aUo forms a part of the laws of the Conqueror and of Hen. I. 
(See ihc references, Dcnar. S. Petri, in Spelman's Concilia, and Romfeob, 
Laws of England.) Prior, however, to the Law of Edward the Coofeuor 
(^ x) the Anglo-Saxon code affords no information as to the persons from 
whom the Komfeoh was due ; but that law, as explained by the law of 
William (1. xvii), acquaints us, that the possessor of agricultural stock of the 
value of thirty pence,* being an Englishman, and of the value of eighty 
pence (half a mark), being a Dane, was liable to Itomfeoh, and that the 
payment by them of one penny acquitted their bordarii, and herdsmen, and 
servants. It appears also from the law of William, that a payment by 

• Id tlie Life of Offa (Mittt. Tiria, |ip. 29, 31), it ii ilited tLat OH'a't oHginil gnnt 
wu that of one iiItct jiiece from tlioae who poaatited cattle of the value o( thirtjr silrer 
piecBi. It is alao italed, that, whea tbat mooarcli granted Ptter-pencc from his whole 
kingdocn, he reserved tie Peter-peoce from the iandi of St. Albin to the use of tbe 
Mihej. Theie landa in later times included tbe parialiei which formed the hundred of 
Culiio, and the Ahbilial arehdraeonrf of St. Alban'i, in the connlj ol Hen 

i lord of a manor wna an octiuittaiicc for all wliu were in his demeine. 
Tbe festival of St. Peter ad Viiicub (August 1) was the day on which 
Itomfeoh was dur ; and the Law of tlie North umbriaii Priests (§ 57, Laws 
of England, vol. ii. p> 299) enacted, tliut ttio payment shoulil be made *' at 
the episcopal seat, and that in every wapentake there should be named 
two true thanes and one priest, who should collect it and render it, so that 
they dare swear to it." 

The Inquisition of the Churches of St. Paul's, in 1181, to which our 

mtion is now directed, illustrales both the mode of collection and the 

Hiyment of the Uonifeoh a century later than the laws above recited. The 

S^ue&tion '' i/uii coUigat denarium S, Petri?" implies the absence of 

liformity as to the collection of the tax. In six instances no return was 

■ to the question ; hut from the replies which are recorded we learn, 

liat the rural dean {decanus loci) collected it in Cadendon and Rensworth, 

I Sacerdos at IJelchamp and six other places, and the Firmarius at 

!hingford aud Sutton. Of ihe person, to whom the money was paid, 

»tion is made only in two places, Cadendon and Kensworth, where the 

oral dean is said to have paid the money to the Archdeacon. The collec- 

I from Barnes, in Surrey, was paid at Wimendon ; but in two instances, 

pNorton and Sutton, the Firmarius, having collected the money, kept it 

himself. Twelve parishes made the following payments ; — 

Belchuap . . 

iti d. 


Wid-m . . . 


Berling .... 

WaktOD . 

iTJ d. 

Nor tone .... 

KjrAebr • ■ ■ 

ivi d. 

Nutok .... 

Tl»q. . . . 

iTi d. 



Drajrton .... 

The Domesday of St. Paul's of 1 222 makes no mention of Peter-pence. 

But from the Inquisition of 1279, in Dook I. we learn, that at Sutton, at 

Chingford, and at Norton, the persons who paid tbe Rome-penny were 

Villain tenants ; tiiat married men paid a penny, widowers and widows one 

I 'halfpenny, and that the amount eo received was reckoned among the profits 

Irf the Manor. At Sutton these payments were due in the 18 Edw. L 

B|(1289), not from all the Villain tenants, but only from twenty-five of them 

: h). At Chingford the sum collected from Ihe " Nativi" was 2s. Grf. 


(I. 59 b), and in ihe small manor of Norton, held by seven " Natiri," the 
sum collected was 7d. (I. 150 b.) 

The information wliieli wc possess rcspptliiig the payment of this tax to 
the Court of Rome is wry meagre. Inett (History of the English Church, 
p. 223), misapprehending the Statute of Carlisle of 35 Edw. I. (which pro- 
hibited the superiors of the moDastic orders abroad from levying taxes upon 
abbeys and monasteries in England), states, but without authority, that 
Peter-pence was one of the grievance;! of the English nation. The amoUDt 
of the tax was scarcely great enough to give it this character. 

In Wilkins's Concilia (vol. ii. p. 469,) there is a papal bull of John 
\XII., which first recites a bull (supposed to be of Gregory VI.,) in whicb 
the sums payable os I'eter-pe nee from each English diocese are recorded; 
und then states, that the three huudred mancuase or marks, which were 
originally granted in 837, are just the amount of the sums due from the 
dioceses. This I'ope, in tlie first year of his pontificate, directed the atten- 
tion of the English bishops to the fact, that Peter-pence, though collected, 
were not duly paid to the Court of Home, but, as is evident from tlie 
documents recorded in Wilkius's Concilia (i6,) he did not expect a greater 
sum to be paid than 300 marks. The Bulls on this subject are dated in the 
month of May, 1317, and it is remarkable, that the Chapter of Canterbury, 
ill reply to a Brevo rt^ium of Edward II., dated 24 April of that year, had 
returned answer to the king Ihe day following, that in obedience to the 
king's writ they had searched their records, and had found no writing 
relative lo Ihe exaction of this lax. This pope by his Bull appointed 
lligandue dc Asserio, a Canon of Orange, to superintend the business of the 
collection and payment of the I'L'tcr-peucc. It is probable, that during the 
whole of the fourteenth and fi^euth centuries persons were sent from time 
lo time to England on the same business, though the only person, who is 
known to have resided in England as collector of the Pcier-peuce, was the 
last, namely, Polydure Vergil, an Italiati of Urbino, who lived here for forty 
years, was archdeacon of Wells and prebendary of Hereford, and ii 
4 Edw. VI. had leave grantiil to him to return tu his own country, the I 
profits of his archdeaconry and prebend beiug continued to hjw by patent I 
for his life. (Strype's Memorials, vol. iii. p. 499, ed, IHH.) 

Quid solvalur Arvhidiaconu, ^c. — The Fclcr-pence were^ in a few I 
instances, paid to the archdeacons. In two parishes distinct mention is J 


P'nude of xiid. being paid to the Archdeacon in the middle of Lent, but of 
r the origin and purpose of the payment at that season we have found no 
[ account. 

Qvu eecltaiamm ornatus, diligenler annexum invenies in gequentibut. — 

The expectation thus held out, as respects the visitation of 1181, is unhappily 
I disappointed. Dook L. (fol. 63 to 85) does indeed contain an account of the 
' ornaments and books of twenty churches in the city of London at that 

period, but the folios apparently intended for the inquisition of the Country 

churches are blank. It ik, however, to be observed, that in the same volume 
I (fol. 136-143) there is a record of the visitation of these Country churches 

in tbe year 1241, and that there is a fuller record still of another visita- 
I tion of them in 1279 in book L 

Servil rapellte qua est in curia, Sfc. — The service most probably was a 

Mass; its performance ihree days in the week is a curious illustration of 
I Ktlention to religion in the private oratories of the lords and great men. 

Chapels were of frequent occurrence in Manor houses. One at Waleton 

has been already mentioned. At Sutton (L 24) there was " Una aula cum 
. boteleria ad unum caput, cum parva capella nd aliud caput ;" and also 

** Unum solarium cum pnrva capella tegulis coopcrtum." At Nastok 

(I. 79), in like manner, there was "Una aula cum camera et capella ad 

caput .... Item solarium tegulatum ad opus domini cum capella contigus 
I cum Bcindulis cooperta ;" and " Una camera cum trisantia propc capellam." 
J At Heybridge (I. 166), also, there was "Solarium cum capella de construc- 
I lione Herveii dc Horham (Dean circa 1271) cum duobus caminis de plaatro 
[ Paris." 

Page 148, Jiu-lii ca/ceiam de Clare. — Calceia, via strata, a causeway, 

Fr. Chaus^^. Tho river Stour divides Uelchamp from Clare, the passage 

of which was probably facilitated by the causeway. 

Page 150. Snccajrumenti. — Probably the same as jucctu, a sack. 
Page 151. Scotiande theaaurarii. — The demesne thus described was 

probably the Solanda de Chyswick, within the manor of Sutton (see p. 93), 
r fbrmiog the prebend of Chiswick, which about the year 1 181 was held by 
I lUcardus Thesaurarius (see Nevrcourfs Itepertorium, vol, i. p. 137), so 
[ called as being (he king's treasurer. 

De dtiabus villalis. — i.e. of Chiswick and of Sutton. 

Page 152. — De dominio magittri Nirholai et de dominio magiitri 


David. — This Nicolas was probably Nicolas Scriba, who was Prebendary 
of Harleston, within the manor of Willesdon, in the time of the Survey. 
The dominium or demesne described as held by David was probably one of 
the other prebends within the manor of Willesdon. The name of David is 
not found amongst the prebendaries of that period. 

Fut. acra de la Cnolle. — Cnolle is probably the word now spelt 
<* knolly** a small hill or rising ground. The Cnolle appears to have con- 
tained sixteen acres, and to have been at a distance from Wilsdon, in the 
manor of Sutton, of which Chiswick was a part. In the inquisition of 
Belchamp mention is made of a <* communa,** common or open space, called 
the Knoll. " Non habctur uliquid communae in villa nisi ilia strata, qu» 
vocatur la Cknolle." i. 106. 

In tempore Wulmanni. — Wulman or Ulstan, as he is otherwise called, 
was the first Dean of St. PauVs after the Conquest. This account of the 
firmae rendered by the manors in the original MS. follows as closely as it is 
here printed, and is in the same handwriting. It appears to be a transcript of 
a similar account on the first folio of Book I., there written in an earlier hand. 
We have to apprise the reader that the clause *' Nastocha Aldwini duas 
septimanas et duos dies," is twice repeated in the orig^al MS., as is the 
clause ^* Runwella duas septimanas." In both cases the copyist committed 
an error in inserting Runwell twice, and in writing " Nastocha Aldwini '' 
instead of '< Nastocha Edwini,'* there being two manors of that name in the 
Exchequer Domesday, both of them belonging to the Chapter of St. Paul's. 
The scribe has also made another error, writing << Tillingham tres septi- 
manas," instead of gttatuor, as in the older document. 




crncA I'J90. 

The date 1290 has been assigned to these Articles of Visi 
they are found recordeH in Book L immediatply following the " Redditus 
et Consueludines " of the manor of Nastok, which were written subse- 
quently to the feast of St. Michael, 20 Edw.I., I^9L These articles are 
preceded by & Catalogue of Evidences relating to that Manor, thirty-eight 
in number. 

In the Statuies of the Realm (vol. T. p. 342) there is a similar set of 
Articles, entitled " Extenia Maneriorom," transcribed from the " Liber 
Hon] " now in the archives of the city of London ; and it is stated, -that in 
printed copies of the Statutes these articles are inserted as a statute of 
4 Edw. L Fleta (Book IL c. Ixxi.) recommends the use of such an "exten- 
iiion" of the particulars of a manor, and inserts Articles of inquisition, which, 
^■*ith some omissions, appear to be the same with those in the " Liber 
The " Extenta," or Artirles, as here given from the St. Paul's 
Kument, the first clause excepted, are more full and complete, especially 
^wUh respect to the prtedial services of the tenants, than they are in the 
iJber Horn, or in Fleta's copy. 

Page 153*. CurtUagium.—De&tied by Liudwood (lU. tit. 17, p. 200.) 
I the place adjoining the Court, where greens and pot-herbs (herbs et 
ra) are gathered. 

rium. — A purely Latin word, applied equally to the park, the aviary, 
-stew, or the oyster-bed. See Facciolati in voce. 
Ifrrbagium. — The word has two meanings : the right of cutting grass 
d feeding cattle, or the place where the herbage grows. It is here used 
in the latler sense. 

Carucata.—A plough-land. We leam from Fleta (IL 72. § 4,) that the 
dimension of the Carucata (as denoting a quantity of land cultivated by the 
plough in a year,) varied, according to the number of courses of cultivation 
to which the land was subject. If the land lay iu three courses, 60 acres 
being aown in winter, 60 in spring, and (tO fallowed in summer, then the 180 
[■ serei so ploughed formed the Carucata ; but if the land was in two courses, 

CAHD. 80C. r 


one half being fallow and the other half sown in winter and spring, then the 
Carucata would contain only 160 acres. Hence it would seem, that culti- 
vated land would be measured in Carucates, and any breadth of land in 
general by Hides. The general idea, however, is that "Hida" and "Caru- 


cata are synonymous. 

Quot campi sunt in dominio. — In the survey of Sutton (I. 88) 299 
acres are described, as contained in seven '' campi," or fields, viz. Suthfild, 
Breche, Hamstal, Estfild, Nortbfild, Westfild, Eldefild, the largest contain- 
ing ninety, the smallest only nine acres. There was also another campus 
called La Doune, of twenty-three acres and a-half. This division and 
measurement were made by Fulco Lovell, a canon and archdeacon of 
Colchester, ob. 1287. 

Qualibtt seisione dUHnguuntur. — The seisiones or courses of the arable 
land in the Demesne of Nastok are thus described in I. 77 : 

Sunt etiam in dicto manerio tres seysones terrae arabilis, viz. 
Ad unam seisonam. 

In campo qui vocatur Watele xzx. acrae. In Wodecroft xv. acr. In 
Nortbfild viij.acr. In Colinessedene x.acr. In Askelmesdoune xi. acr. et 
dimid. In Sherdailond vj. acr. j. rod. In Surylye x. acr. In Crokeres- 
lond viij. acr. et dimid. In Parva Holihoke vij. acr. In Magna Holihoke 
x.acr. In Wolsebregge xv. acr. In Efelde xj.acr. Summa cxlii.acr. j rod. 
Ad aliam seisonam. 

In Hareford xli.acr. In Langelond xxvj acr. dimid. In Horsecrofl iij.acr. 

dim. j. rod. In Heringeslond xxxij.acr. In Magna Doune xxvj. acr. In 

Corikesdene viij acr. In Sandfeld vij.acr. In Sandhegge j. acr. dim.j rod. 

In Biakecroft iiij.acr. In Gameneslond iij.acr. di. Summa cliij.acr. dim. 

Ad tertiam seisonam. 

In Brodefeld vj."acr. dim. In Parva Doune iiij. acr. dim. In Bern- 
fild X. acr. In Parsonecroft iiij. acr. In crofta ante portam j. acr. dim. 
j. rod. Summa cxl. dim. j. rod. 

Summa totalis per minorem numerum cccc.xxxvj. acr. et dim. et valet 
quaelibet acra vj. d. Summa valoris x. li. xviij. s. iij. d. 

* In Book I. 135, 136, we read, '* Warinas de Batsiogboarne tenet anam caracam 
terne cootineDtem ix'* acras terrse arabilia." And in I. 136, '< Wariniu de Brantone 
tenet anam camcam continentem vii*> acras cam prate et bosco.*' 


llem sunt in dicto inanerio de prato folcabili xxx; acr. ct valet qtixiibet 
..ftcrti ij.s. vj d. Sumnia kxvij.s. vj d. 

Vettura. — "Vestura/'asiueaoiDgany kind oF produce of land, though not 
I <« clas-Mcal word, is of classical origin. Terra veslita lloribua, herbis, arbo- 
I ribuB, fni^ibus ( Facciolati.) 

Appruare. — A form of iht lotpr Latin word " appropriare." to apply to 
lis own use. In Fiela, II. 73, § 1, " apprualor " is applied to the agent or 
ei'vant, who manages an ealalB to the advantage of his lord, " appruator 
fidelis et opiimus." 

Patlura forinaeca. — " Item est in dido manerio pastura forinseca, qus 
I Gommunia est od parochiam ; in qu3 dominus potest habere L. bovettos, ct 
I valet libere deductis expenais vj.Kol. In eadem pastura, cum pastura 
I intrinsica, sc. super terram varectam, potest dominus habere cc. oves. et 
I Tftlet per annum xx. sol." 

Page 154*, De molendini-tjullonicis. — Fulling-mills for cleansing cloth. 
I 'Fulloj Ang. Fuller, is a word of high Roman antiquity. (See Faceiolati.) 
[ The other mills here mentioned are described according to their working 
K»wer, whether water, win,d, or horses. 

De peiuagiit. — "Pesungium,'' a form of" pannagium," connected with 
he Latin " pastua," and the French " paiasoQ." 
Graveri*. — Pits of fand or gravel. 

Dt tiherit lenenlibug qui mtrimici veljbrinmci. — " Of freeholders, the 
which dwell without as well as within, that is to say, how many freeholder!) 

^. Bealn 

^" /to 

there be." In the Inquisitions of St. Paul's 
distinguished from the " intrinsici tenentes." 
the Inquisition, as we may gather from t 
Realm, I. p. 242), appears to have been \ 
dwelling within the manor or i 
lould be recorded.' 

Item ad qua* comueludinea tenrantur. — It is to he remarked, that the 
persona concerning whose customary services inquiry was thus made, were 
in the condition of iho " liberi homines." If it were admitted, that anciently 
the freeman was not bound to any services of this kind, this article of 

fe do not find the " forinscci" 
The object of this article of 
e English translation (Stat, 
mply this, that whether the 
Dt, their names and tenements 

It ii however proboblc lh>t 

lucb tenonta oFa manor m dwelt there, but were liibfe 

irvuet in other pl.ce., wer 

e terioed '■ forinscci." In Ihe Rol. Hund. Co. Dion. 

MMMM due *t the Court of I 

Ibe Hundred bj lor<J« of m»nor8 are distinctly noltd, as 

^■hneam." Enimls 

n Forinsecuiu, f«1. ii. |.. 740, &d. 



inquiry would testify, how fret{uent were the instances in which the " liberi 
homilies ' became possessed of cuslomary or villain land from which *er«icei 
were dup, the performance of the services not altering their free condition. 

Bf/hfihaker and Btdemad.—WeaA Bedehalfaker. In I. 71, we hove 
an flccounl of both these services, as due from tenants in the manor of 
Nastock. Bedhalfaker is the service of mowing half an acre, " Falcabit 
diinidiam acrani prati pro Bedehalfaker." "Bedniad''is the service of mowing, 
whether as described in I. 69, " quinquB acras de Bedemad," or as in I. 71, 
" adjuvabit od Bedemad per unum diem" 

PrecariiT sicca; — Boon-dnys without allowance of drink. 

Cherchei^d — Churchaed (or Cyricsceat) is defined by Fleta. 1. c. 45, § 2t!, 
■s a certain measure of wheat, which every one offered on St. Martin's day lo 
the Church, it being not only an English, but a British custom. Sir H. EUii, 
in his Introduction to Domesday, has noticed the various passages in that 
record, in which mention ia made of this payment, and from which it 
appears, that the annual payment of corn in kind had been commuted in 
various places for money. The law of lien. I. (xi. 4) rect^nises Cyricsceat, 
as a payment due at Martinmas to the Bishop, under the ancient penalty 
menliuned in the Domesday of Worcester (fol. 174). of a fiiio of eleven 
times the amount, if the Cyricsceat were not paid on the day. Sir H. Ellis 
also brinfrs to notice a payment made to the manor of Glastonbury in ISO I 
of Kixty hens as Churchset. The records of St. Paul's do not throw 
light upon this custom, but the instances which occur in the Inquisition of 
theiounty of Oxford, 7 Edw. J. (Rot. Hundr. vol. il p. 688,) of cocks and 
hens paid to (he lord of the manor of Il'tlee by Cotaiii (p. 712), by Servi at 
Sunecunibe (757), by the tenants denominated " Carucarii " at Wytcharch 
(776). by Servi custumani at Stoke Basaett (779), by Villani at Lewknor 
t Wellington by tenants of the same class 
ihew, not only that Cyricsceat was a tas 
then borne by the lower orders of tenants, but also that at the close of 
the thirteenth century the lords of manors had converted to their own 
uae the payments anciently due to the Church. Had not the pope 
appointed his collectors, Konipeny might probably have shared the s 

Galunaeher. — Qufere, GalUn&selver, money in lieu of fowls. 
Calces. — " Calres " are ■' Causewoys." As connected with the can J 
of sheep in marsh land, they were probably pathways nf hard material. 

a quarter of wheat (782), a 
I bushels of wheat, si 

IftMlIRN'tJ? THE MANOK8, A.D. 1290. CXXV 

Haineum praparando. — See note, p. 90, Quarta pars plumbi 
Page 155. Quantum dabil pro sunjilia maritanda. — The marriage of 
tie daughters of the iiativi or serfs, by removing ihe popQlation from the 
manor, was a loss to the lord. Thia appears to he the foundation of the 
<ReIl-known payment termed " merchetum." At Belchamp (1. 106) we 
Ffad, " Nullua cuatumarius extra villain suatn filiam sine licentia maritabit. 
Cuatumariiis filiam ciiatumarii sine Hcentb domini accipiat in conjugem in 
villa. Sed cuatumarius maritabit filiam suam liberis in villa, non extra, 
tine licentia" At Sandon (1. 145) we read, " Cuelumarii item dicunt, 
quod pro filiabus tait maritandis consuevenint _ Ivere domino ij. solidoB 
tantum." At Wichara (I. 9T), " Omnes tenentes facienl finem ad volun- 
tatem dotnini pro filiabus suis extra tnanerium maritandis." 

Page 155*. Qui possunl talUari ad voluntalem domini et qui non. — 
Taille, Tnltagium, that which is paid as a tan or excise. Any public tax was 
termed Tallagium, as we learn from the statute of 25 Edw. I. " Nullum 
tallagium vel auxilium per nos vel per hceredes nostros in regno ponetur vel 
leveter sire voluotate et consensu," ftc. The taillage to which this article 
of Inquisition refers, was that which any lord of a manor might impose npon 
hii> tenanU, and, as may be gathered from the wider terms in which the 
article is set forth in Fleta (II. c. 71, § 15), was limited by the rank of the 
whether " eustnmarius " or " nalivus." The tenement of the cub- 
ury tenant might be liable to yearly taillage, but (he amount was such 
I cuuld be paid "sine destnictione et exilio (i/u. exiiio) faciendoi" but 
there «a* no limit to the demand, which the lord might make upon the 
servus or nativus, or upon him who, holding, according to Bracton, in pure 
villensige (IV. c. S8, § 5), was bound to unlimited service, "semper 

^Imebitur ad tnceria," and could be taxed at the will of the lord, either 
more or less, or, according to the terms of the French CharlK, "alto et 
biksso." Whether the lords of manors were accustomed to exercise this 
right of taillage without restriction, is questionable, but there is every reason 
to believe, that the right of taillage upon the tenants gaie the lord the 
power of throwing the burden of any public taxation u|}on the cultivator 
of the soil, and that taillage ojierated Jii favour of the lord, like the cove- 
nants in modern leases by which the tenant engages to meet the taxation. 
The following extracts from the Itotuli Hundredorura, Com. O.\on, 7" 
Edw. I are a few of numerous instances of the right of taillage upon tenants 
I of dilTerent ranks : — 



anurn ad voluntalem domini. 

. . reddet p«r sniium loco Ullagii lui 

m debet talliari gecnndum voluutatem 

P. 707. Villaai sunt talliandi per a 

P. 742. Mattheua de Bluneham . 
ad festum S'c'i Martini vij d. ob. et m 
dnmini quia est ad certum. 

P. 751. Libcri tenentes. Johannes de Mandeville tenet unani virgatam 
et dimidiam de domino Comite in manerio de Bonaenton pro viij a. et debet 
tallagium ct sectam. 

P. 753. Liberi sokmanni. Wulterus Morgao tenet unam hidam et debet 
tallagluro, S(c. lb. Consuetiidinarii. Debenc tallagium. 

P. 782. Cotarii. Debent talliari contra natale Domiai ad voluntatem 

Page 157. Arhoresin haiciit mU exlirpaverunl line licencia. — Hedge* 

row. timber was forbidden to be cut down by the tenant, as in loodero 
leases. In the manor of Belchamp (f. 107) there was a custom, which 
permitted all the tenants, free and custumary, to plant trees before their 
own doors in the street upon their own land, and to cut at all times three 
kinds of trees, poplar, willow, and another kind of poplar called " abelluro," 
but not oak or beech, except for housebote and ht^ybote. 

An nalivi vendidnrint vilulum, pallanum, vtl bnvem, de propria nti(ri- 
tura, tine licencia domini. — It is probable that this restriction did not pro- 
hibit generally the sale of animals bred by the tenants, hut only gave to 
the lord the pre-oplion of purchase, for we read amongst the customs 
of Bekhamp (I. lOS b ), " Licitum sit cuslumariis equos et bovcs et omnia 
alia animalia vendcre sine licencia firmarii, nisi velit tantum dara sicuti 
et aliis." In some places a toll was taken by the lord upon these sales. 

Page 158", ffousebote, Ferbote, Het/bnte. — The right of the Grmarins 
of the manor to have timber for the "bote" or repair of the buildings, 
for the kccping-up the fences or " halas," and pIso for firing, is recognised 
in distinct terms in the later leases. The right to housebote and heybotc was, 
however, possessed occaaionally by other tenants. In the manor of NcwiutoDi 
CO. Oxon. (Hot. Hund. II. p. 761), thirteen villain tenants, holding each a 
virgate of land and performing certain services, were entitled to husbote et 
heybote " de bosco qui vocatur biggefrit." 

Page IGO. Johunnet de Utidillglon.^Cimon of St. Paul's and pre- 
bendary of Chamberlain Wood, 13;;fi— 1J29. 

IVi/liam de MeJford. — Archdeacon of Colchester and prebendary of 
Mora, 1312, obiit 1330. 





This compotua is extracted from a large volume, having on the outside 
the title "Statuta Majora," under g. coreringof transparent horn, the volume 
being BO styled as distinguished from the " Statuta Minora," a. entailer 
volume cf Qearly the same contents, but wriiien in a much Bmaller hand, 
writing of the Statuta Majora is of the early part of the fourteenth 
'Wntury. The chief value of this Compotua, ss connected witii this work, 
iBists in ita exhibiting the order and amount of the firms paid by the 
'Afferent manors; as the Compotus Bracini, which follows, explains the 
^inethod in which the grain delivered with the firms waa converted into 
bread and beer, and distributed to the members of the cathedral. 

Page 154. Ad denas el ad denum denarium. — It has been before 
'abterved (Introd. p. xlvii.) that the meaning of these words is doubtful, 
'oasibly the denua denarius may be the seven pence per week, or penny 
iper day, in some way a tenth penny or tithe, which was paid to the almoner 
cathedral, and dtniis may be a form of dizenas. quasi dies-enas ; 
bat all that we know certainly of the dizenw is, that they were money 
payments, made in each of the fifty-two weeks of the year, by each manor in 
turn (on fifty-two consecutive Sundays, commencing with the Festival of St. 
Faith, October 6), and that the amount from the different manors varied, 
i lowest amount as dizente being forty, the highest sixty sbillingB. 
Page 155. Ad defectum bracini. — The meaning of this phrase may be 
deduced from observing, that the manors which made these payments, were 
those of lielchatnp, Runwell, and Norton, which in the time of Wulmar the 
dean (see p. 152) provided firmte in produce, viz. Runwell for two weeks, 
Norton for one, and Belcharap for eight ; but since in later times Runwell 
and Norton furnished no firma in kind, and Belchamp only six firms in 
kind in place of eight, it may be concluded, that the payments stated to be 
" ad defectum " were money payments in lieu of the deficient firm» in kind. 
Ad lupptemenltim. — This payment being generally 6t. &d appears to be 
the same with that mentioned in page IGO as the 6«. 8d., which was paid 
with «Tery firma for the supply of wood. In page 165 we read, that it was 


Die custom of the GrmariuB to fpve with every firma half a mark for wood, 
often more, rarely leas, " eapiusi vero plus, minus vpro raro ;" and from 

what is aUo there said of the Smiarius paying a fine to the keeper of the 
brewery, and of the payment depending on the price of wood, it would 
spem, that this payment at last hecame fixed in nmomit, and waa n com- 
mutation for some definite quantity of fuel. 

Page 158. Firma prima de Barling. — The " dizena" and the " firma" 
from each manor were not paid on the same, but consecutive Sundays. On 
Jayafler the FcBlival of St. Faith the Church received a ditena 

from Belchamp 
from Barling and a fii 
that the number of fii 
the number of Sunda 
eight, there being throe Sum 
was paid by three manors iti 
were made every Sunday in 
continued during the harvest 
Page 160. . 
veighta and 

Barling, on the second Sunday 

from Snndon, and so on. It id to be remarked, 

I, that ia, of payments in kind, was forty-6ve. but 

in the compotus at pages 158 and 159 is forty- 

3undaye, on which what is termed a "defectus" 

ieu of produce in kind. Money payments 

he year, but the delivery of com was dia- 

onth of September. 

regis xvf quarleria, /fr. — The amendment 
le of the articles demanded by the Barons, 
and conceded in the Magna Charta of King John, and, as renpects the 
measure of corn, the Ma^a Charta of :;5 Ed. I. declared, that the Quarter 
of London should be used throughout the realm. In the " AsNsa de 
Mensuris " (inccrti temporis). that Quarter is said to contain eight bushels, 
and in the " Slatutum de Pistoribua " mention is made of the standard 
bushel, sealed with an iron seal of our Lord the King, and denominated the 
King's measure. The statutes of Edward III. (which are all of them later 
than the Compotus Maneriorum of 8t, Paul's now under our consideration), 
attest the difficulty which then existed, and which at the distance of 500 
years still exists, of enforcing an uniform measure. It would seem that the 
King's mandate, though, as asserted in U Edw. III. (1340), not then 
obeyed throughout the kingdom, waa put in force at St. Paul's at an earlier 
period, as early as 1283, the Compotus Bracini of that year (see p. 164) 
Stating that the firms were in Quarters of eight bushels, 

Ad braeinum, ad cameram. — The payments " ad bracinum " Men 
received by the Cuatos bracini, who rendered an aocount of the receiptg vai J 


expenditure of thfl brewery, wlijch included the baltehouac and the mill. 

The payments "ad cameram'" were made to the Cameranus or Chamberlain, 

L«hose duty it waa to provide all things required for divine service, to collect 

pnyments, and to pay the proper stipemis at the appointpd seasons. A 

member of the Chapter was appointed fur this duty. (See Appendix to 

k'Dugdttle'a Si. Pnnl's, p, 51.) The Camerarius was the receiver and pay- 

f rents and s1i|>ends. but the Thesaurarius of the cathedrnt was the 

iterper, nut of its money, but of its treasures, such as pbte, vestments, 

(, ornaments, relics, &c. bein^r assisted in this cliai^ by the Sacrietan 

wnd the Vergers. The value of these treasures was such as would bear 

Mimporison with the value oi' Crown Jewels, 

Page 104". H/ec sunt duodecim mantfia, Sfc. — This account of the 

' rendered by ihe manors of St. Paul's occupies the first folio of 

K>k I., and precedes the account of Thomas Couling, the Custos bracini in 

1^83. It is here inserted, aa being the first document in order of time, in 

which the quantities of grain containod in each Hrma are stated ; the accounts, 

which are prior to it, enuincraling the iirmx only by weeks and days (as in 

p. 153), or by the whole number provided by each manor in the year, as in 

the inquisition of 1181 (p. 140 — 145). In this document the measurement 

of the grain, and the number of quarters in each Rrma, was according to an 

I older standard, and not according to the King's measure. Each firma, as 

ft«Iicienlly delivered, contained IB^ quarters of wheat (15 of which were for 

Lkread and SJ for beer), but afterwards 16 quarters ; anciently 3J quarters 

' of barley, but afterwards 3 quarters. The quantities, however, of the 

wheat and the barley were not really different, the firma at both periods 

containing as nearly as possible the same number of bushels, 18} qrs. at 7 

bushels, the " mensura bracini," and 16 qrs. at 8 bushels, the King's mea- 

sure, being in the proportion of 129'5 : 123, 

Ad Grudnm. — .\ccording to Du Cange, "grudum " is barley prepared for 
making beer ; but wheat being here given " ad gi'ndum " would shew, that 
the word is applicable to any kind of grist or meal. The St. Paul's beer 
was brewed from a mixture of wheat, barley, and oats. 

Ad meriiuram villa. — This measure is probably that of the Country. It 
■ to be remarked that if 15 qrs. at 7 bhls. to the quarter, equal, as here 
, 12} qrs, of the Connlry measure; it follows, that the Country 
CAMiJ. soc. » 


bosbel was larger than the Town bushel, and that the proportion of the 
Country to the Town hoshd was as Bf : 7. 

F^ge 164*. Per factum hraemL — Factns, which is defined in Da Cange 
^* a measure of land," was used by the Roman writers ^de Re Rnstica** as a 
measure in the manu&rtnre of oil. (See Facdolati in Tooe.) It seems, 
therefore, to be of different origin from the Anglo-Saxon hei or yat. Of the 
dimensions of this ^* ftctus bracini ** at St. PauPs we have here a clear ac- 
count The 16 qrs. of oats were to be paid in eight ^fiurti,** each containing 
17 ordinary bushels; the quarter by this measurement being 8} bhls. In 
1283 this measurement of oats appears to have been no longer in use ; ii 
would not, however, have been surprising if it had continued to a much 
later period, since we find the Legislature in J 351, 25 Edw. III., whilst it 
enacted uniformity of measures, exempting the rents and firme of lords 
from the operation of the Act, and declaring that they shall ^ be measured 
by such measures as they were wont in times past." 

Page 165*. Conntevttjirfnarius pro huscha dare diwudiam fnareafii.-— 
We need not be surprised, that so large a sum should be paid for wood 
with each firma, when we bear in mind, that the quantity of fuel reqiured 
was that, which would bake and brew a quantity of grain as great as 35 qrs. 
or 280 bhls. 

Page 164. Et de xxiiij. (Lege xxxiiij.) quart, de multura molendini. — 
The mill of St. PauVs was probably a convenience to the citiaens for 
grinding their corn ; but, without knowing the amount of toll, we cannot 
ascertain, how much com was ground in the year to produce in the way of 
toll this number of quarters. In 1286 the ** Telonium molendini" produced 
the same amount (see p. 1 72). 

JFumicium, fumiata* — Words formed from the pure Latin word 
" Fumus," an oven — larger than the " clibanus." 

Qucefaciunt xxxvj furmai (sic). — The ** firms " here mentioned are 
calculated at the old rate of 15 qrs. to the '* firma" instead of 16, as men- 
tioned a few lines above. 

Flacon. — Flanso, Flanto, Flato, species Placents. Galliee^ Flam. (Dn 
Cange.) From English etymologists we learn that <* flacon " is a kind of 
dainty composed of fine flour, eggs, and butter, and that it was made 
for the wake-day or vigil of the church saint. (Richardson*a Dictionary.) 
The quantity of flour used in wastel and flacon in 1283 was 8} qrs. and. 


in addition to this, the sum of five marks was expended. Upon these 
occasiona the bakers received eight bollffi or gallons of bepr. 

In wastetl. — Waatel bread was the best kind of wheaten bread, hb appears 
from the Assisa panis et cervisiffi (Stat, of Renirn, f. 193), and also from 
tlic fact, that at Si. Paul's it was baked only for paiticular occasions, such 
as the Festivals of 8t. Paul and the Rogation days, when the Canons had 
three waslel loaves a-day, and other members of the chureh in proportion. 
The extravagance of the Prioress in the care of her dogs is thus indicated 

With r( 

J)9 quibut habuil aer, quarttria dt txcftKentl cancelloi-utn. — For 
uncellonini" lege " caintellorum," At p. 173 we have uii account of 

the same profit, hut expressed in different (erms, " dc incremento granarum 
i|uarteria." Dii Cange explains Cantallum, quasi quantillum, id quod 
htum est," I e. the handful or shovelful thrown in 
tilled. In the Statutum de Pistoribus we read, >' toll 
shall be t.iken by the rase and not by the heap or eantel," and " no manner 
of gr:iin shall be sold by the heap or eantel except it be oats, malt, and 
meal." It is remarkable, that the excess of measnie here spoken of, os 
amounting to twenty quarters, was derived from the remenfuring 720 qrs. 
of oats, which produced 740. 

Page 166. Picebenda ei/uorum. — The daily allowance of corn for the 
^raes employed in the mill. 

Defara el hujuimodi. — All the sweepings and refuse, stable dung, &c, 

I Z>* drachnt D<n(/iVo.— Grains 
where it appears that "draines' 

were fed with " furfur" and " dr; 
De carbone pUlrini, el bruvin 

in the bake-house and brew-h( 
quotes the following passage fr< 

from brewing. See Du Cange, Dr^scus, 
' is the more correct form of the word. 
Ben Jonson. The horses at St. Alban's 
.cu.," br.n and grain., 
i— The wood-ashes and charcoal produced 
luse ; Du Cnnge, in voce ■' Carbonaria," 
im " Auctor Queroli." " Ego jamdudum 
apud carhoiiarias ajjere te putabam, tu de pistrinis venis ; " from which we 
learn, that the baker might sometime! be as blackened with charcoal, at the 
charcoal-burner himself. 


Pro sequestra umut to//u9.— The aocoant of the deliTery of hread and 
beer to any party was probably kept by a tally, consisting of two pieces of 
thin wood, hence the whole of the allowance was termed ** tallia." In the 
case of absence or vacancy, the allowance due to the member was probably 
sequestered, in order to the rendering an account to the party interested. 

PUaneuK. — Allowances occasionally distributed were termed ** Pittances,** 
and the officer deputed to distribute them was termed ** Pitanciarias." At 
Thomey Abbey the <* Pietanciarius " possessed several ** cotagia** attached 
to his office. (Rot. Hundred, II. p. 641.) According to Du Cange, the 
proper form of the word is not Pietantia, but '* Pictantia,** meaning an 
allowance of small value, that of a " Picta," or " Pite," which was the 
smallest coin of the Counts of Poitou. Pite, a copper coin, the farthing, or 
fourth of a penny. (Dictionnaire de TAcademie.) 

In buscha ad tora/le, — Wood for the malt-kiln. " Torrale " is the cor- 
rect form of the word, from the Latin " Torreo.** 

In aqua ducenda, — Whence the water was drawn for the use of the 
brewery of St. PauVs, whether from a well or from the river, does not 
appear. At p 171 mention is made of the water-drawer, aqueductor, as 
entitled to 4)itances. The sum here mentioned as paid annually, fifty-three 
shillings and four pence, was the full amount of the wages of the ** duo 
servientes bracini," who are mentioned at p. 171 as receiving twelve pence 
per week. 

In pipere ad wa^tell. — ** Pipero^' is probably the name of any kind of spice. 

Ferrura. — The labour of shoeing horses. 

Ferramentum. — The iron for the shoes. 

Passue equorum. — The horse-path at the mill, termed at p. 172 ^ iter," 
where we read, ** In itinere equorum reparando.*' 

Bulelellum cumjiio, — The boulting-cloth fastened with thread. 

Cribra* — Sieves . 

Lanc\ — Qy. the peels, of the length of lances, for drawing the bread from 
the oven ? 

6?a/t— Vats. 

Cald^e. — Boilers or cauldrons. 

Page 167. CircuU ad dolia, — Hoops for the casks. Ciixulaior^ the 

In naiis, — Mats. 

abstract of this ilistribut 


KfmtUa. — Csmclinum, hair-clolh for straining the wi 
Crt ligte. — Boots. 
Diaei- — Round dishes. 
DUtribuentla canonicU i-fiid'ntih 
has been given in the Introduction, p. Hi. 

Page IfiS. Pio anima IFillielmi de Sancta Margaret' Decano. — 
Tlie Bcribe in tlic original MS. has written Sancta Margaret instead of 
Sonctae Maris eccleiis, as in p. 170. There were two persons, who 
bore the name of William de Sancts Marias ecclesia; one, who was 
liiihop of London and died in 1:124, the other here mentioned, who waa 
elected Dean of St. Paul's in 1241. 

I'y. d. lib. per ebdonuiduia pro pane nigro. — The fcribe boa here 
committed another error in writing three pence halfpenny instend of three 
hdir[>eiice, as in p. 170. It does not appear of what this black bread 
W05 in.ide: the "assiaa panis" recog-nises five kinds of bread, Wastel of one 
kind, Cockct of two kinds, Simnel, and Trnet. The bread of the lea^l value 
appears to have b^en made de omni blado, ihp lojf of which was twice the 
^K weight of the [greater Cocket. 

^^V frocuria Gilberli. — The purpose of this allowance does not appear, 
^^■i Jn itiitlacione ij. cnnoniroruin. — Tiie custom is still observed of pre- 
^^ Wilting to every Canon and Prebendary a loaf of bread at his installation. 
Page 169. In duub;j Festii S'ci Puu/i — January 25, the Con- 
version of St. Panl, and June 211, which day is now dedicated to St. 
I Peter alone, but formerly to St. Peter and St. Paul. These festivals are 
iMcribed in page 1 66, as the '■ Conversion " and ihe " Commemoration " of 
pt. Paul. 
I Page 170. Anno gratia tnilleiimo 2o0. — This account is remarkable. 
)ft would seem, that in this year the whole of the firmsB from the monora 
^re received, and distributed not ia kind, but in money. The price of 
wheat here recorded, as cojipareJ ttilh that of our own times, being taken 
as a standard of the yalne of money, would lead to the conclusion that 
money was then fifteen times more valuable than at pi'csent. The 267 /• 
received in money and produce from the thirteen manors would be repre- 
sented at Ihe present day by the sum of 4,005f., and the value of the bread 
and beer to the thirty canons by 1 lAl. 

Pro ettnniU. — Gifts to different persons. 
^^ Miuorei tibe,alione*.~rhe dlfT.-reuce betucen this delivery and that to 


the Canons was not in the number, but the quality of the loaves. The 
Canons' three loaves were all white, but the " minor liberatlo " to the " parvi 
prebendarii," or minor canons, contained one loaf of black bread. The 
" dimidia liberatio" to the remaining nine " parvi prebendarii " wu one half 
of that delivered to the three. 

Page 172. /n lenovatione molarum el e^uorum 4Qs. — The etpen«e of 
mill-atones and horses overaged (as above calculated) 30/. per annum. 

Page 173. Fralri de online Carmelitarum pro /ec/uru.— The Car- 
melites were the order commonly known as the White Friars, their Imuse 
and church in London being near Fleet Street, in the place now called 
Whitefriars. They came first into England in 1224. The allowance to 
the brother for his readings in the cathedral for little less than ten months 
was one loaf and two gallons of beer per day. 

Sarthotomo Orolotfiario. — The clock-keepers had a loaf per day. 
The Willielmus de Rokewell, who is mentioned in the uext page, as receiving 
a certain quantity, was probably an assistant who came ts help. 

In imlallaliane canoniiorum. — Of the Canons here mentioned » in- 
stalled, Egidius Filol was Prebendary of Mapesbury, Hugo de Kendale 
Prebendary of Karleston, and Gilbert de Straiten Prebendary of Consumpta 
per Mare. The name of Johannes de Wyleby does not occur in the List of 
Prebendaries in Newcourt's Itepertorium ; but PhtUp de Wylewyby was 
Prebendary of Bronnsbury. 

Per mensurnm paviiMnti. — Probably the measure of the Corn-market. 
In the parish of 8t. Michael le Quernc, near the west end of Cheapside, 
there was in ancient times a market for corn, which occasioned the church 
to be named St. Michael ad Bladum, 

Priebenda. — Comparing the measure here given of the prsebenda, as 
containing thirty botlie, with what is stated of the price paid for seven 
pncbenda of beer at p. 167, we learn that the bolla and the lagena, or gallon, 
were the Bome measure. 

Page 174. CUrko S'cti Grtgorii.— The church of St. Gregory wa« 
within the ancient cathedral of St. Paul. It is termed in p. 166 the pariah 

Taltiie vaeanles, — The allowances lo canons and other members whose 
places were vacant were sold and converted into money. By the statutes of 
the cathedral these ■' talliie " or allowances were not to be sold lo lavmen. 


■ Page 96. Aleledv'p. — In pince of the aaXs, Alebedrip, al yage \\\\\v 
the reader will be pleased to read as follows ; 

The Lalin form of alebedrip \» " precarja cervisis,'' i.e. a boon day with 
ale ; metebedrip being a " precaria camis," or boon day with meat. It ia 
to he observed that a custom, to which the term precaria or boon day of 
brewing, might to a certain degree be applied, existed at Sauoilon, where the 
Akerlings lent their utenails, when required for (he lord's brewing: (1. 143,) 
"Item li dominus habuerit (necesse), quando braciabit de utetiMlibus, de 
utensilibus debet qiiilibct eorum mittere de mutuo iinum gale." The custu- 
marii also on the aame manor lent their vats for brewing at Chriatmaa and 
at ploughing times : (I. 142,) " Item si dominus necease habuerit, quilibet 
eorum debet quotiens dominus braciabit ad Natale Domini, et ad precarias 
carucarum, accommodare domino unum Vat." (1, 138,) " Inveniet unnm 
camianam (?) ad braeiiiiiduin contra Natale Domini et contra precarias caru- 

Page 75. Cop'onotfuitium. — In Fleta (II. c. 41) there is a very inte- 
resting document containing the Articles of Inquisition relative to the 
Royal Forests. In the 24th article we find the following clause, " Quia 
babuerit conperones, ceppagia el escheatas quercuum et aliorum arborum," 
TTie text of Fleta is so evidently corrupt, that no apology is necessary for 
the conjecture, that for conperones we should read conperones, and derive 
ibe word from the French coiipet; to cut. 

Page 1 23. Contra cailella. — In searching for the meaning of this term, 
and in considering whether the Chapter might not have become amenable 
for the offence of "castellalio," i. e. fortifying a building without licence, which 
is mentioned in the laws of II. 1. amongst the ■' Placita quoe mittunt hominein 


in misericordia regis," the terms in which this offence is described, and the 
comments of various authors upon it, came under notice. In the Laws of 
England (p. 518) we read, **ca8tellacio triuro scannorum." In Spelman 
(page 128) and in Wilkins's I^ges H. I. 242, '' castellatio trium stannorum," 
and in Du Cange (in voce) ** castellatio trium annorum." Spelman pro- 
nounced the passage corrupt and obscure. The later reading, however, 
'* scannorum," affords a clue to the meaning of the words and the nature 
of the offence, if it be accepted as a form of ** scamnorum.'* In the 
language of Pliny and Columella the ridges formed by the plough are 
*' scamna,'' and upon a greater scale three banks, or tiers of earth, might 
be termed scamna, or benches — and the surrounding a house with three 
such banks would make it a strong fortification, and thus be an offence 
against royal prerogative. There is a manor-house near Southend, in Essex, 
the moat of which appeared to one who lately visited it, to be surrounded 
by three banks, and to be an example of the ** castellatio trium scannorum.*' 

Introduction, page x. Capitular Domesdayi. 

In the Inquisition of the Manor of Sandon (I. 136), we meet with three 
entries, from which it appears that the ancient form of the term " by copy 
of court roll," was " per rotulationem," "or " per rotulum Domesday." 
The persons described as thus holding lands were '' libere tenentes.'* 

'' Wiilielmus Marescallus tenet xviij. acras terra3 arabilis de Decano et 
Capitulo vl (videlicet) per cartam Rotulacom Domesday, quia ilia terra fuit 
nativa, et reddit domino unam marcam ad festum S*ci Michaelis et ad 
Pascha pro equali portione, et faciet sectam curie de tribus septimanis in 
ires septimanas, et dabit relevium." 

'' Galfridus Capellanus tenet quinque acras terrae^ et unam parvam domum, 
videlicet per cartam, et domum per Rotulum Domesday, et reddit xv d. &c.'* 

'< Dominus Vicarius de Sandone tenet unam acram per Domesday, et 
reddit ad festum, he.*' 


Denarku STci Petri. — In the account of Rome penny, (page cxyI.,) we 
have omitted to state, that in the Act of Surrender of the Kingdom made 
by King John to the Pope, the right of the Pope to this revenue was 
reserved (salvis per omnia denariis Petri), in addition to the annual payment 
of 1,000 marks to be made by the King, ''pro omni servitio et consue- 
tudine," as the Pope's feudatory. There is also a remarkable letter of the 
same Pope (Innocent III.) addressed to his Legate Nicholas and to Pan- 
dulfus (in whose presence the King had made his submission, and taken the 
oath of homage to the Pope), complaining, that the English Bishops, 
though they had collected Peter pence, had paid to him not more than 
300 marks, and had taken a thousand or more to their own use. (Rymer's 
Fcedera, vol. I. p. 176, 182.) 









% In primis de manerio de Beauchamp 

Item de manerio de Berling^ 

Item de manerio de Hemes 
% Item de manerio de Chingeforde . 
% Item de manerio de Draytone 
% Item de manerio de Erdeley 
% Item de manerio de Horlock 

Item de manerio de Heybridge 
% Item inrotulationes in itineribus justiciariorum de 

foresta placitorum forestsB Essex 
f Item de manerio de Kadinton 

Item de manerio de Kensworth 

Item de manerio de Kyrkby 
% Item de manerio de Luffenhall 
% Item de manerio de Nastok . 

Item de manerio de Norton . 
% Item de manerio de Ron well 
% Item de manerio de Sandon 

Item de manerio de Sutton • 
f Item de manerio de Thorpe 

Item de manerio de Tidwoldington 

Item de manerio de Tillingham 
^ Item de manerio de Waletone 

Item de manerio de Wikeham 






































S. PAULI LONDIN . A.D. 1222. 

^H InquUito facta in manio de kadeod WiU'o de 
^ hely existente firraario. NoTa juratojt. 

Gregorius filius nicholai. 

Hen? de keneswrth'. 

Rob't de anfe^. 

Baldewinus pula/n. 


Joh's de clifTord. 

Martinus fiUus Will'i. 

Hug filius ioh'is. 

VVtU's filius ordgari. 

Rad' filius Edeline. 

Rob' filius Abel. 

Rob' filius Gilib'ti. 

hoc est veredcra iuratoji. 

Dicunt iuratores qd' mamum istud defe 
dit se versus regem pro .x. hidis cum 
boscis t essartis pret duas prebedas q sut 
in eade parochia . sed in alio comitatu . f 
est liberu 1 quietum ab omi secta comi 
tat* . 1 hundredi . 1 alios q spectant ad do 
mitiu rege in capite ul' suos bailliros. 

In dnio sunt circiter tresdecies .xx. acre de 
Bra arabili. Nulla est ibi pastura nisi in 
boscis Iviis. In duob} boscis quercinis c'ca 
curiam J ante . circiter .xij. acre. In magno 
bosco forinaeco bn vestito de fago sut cir 
citer .ccc. acre. PossCt esse in stauro decie* 
vigiti oves 1 .iiij, vacce ■ 1 .xl. porci. 

Wainnagiii potest fieri cu duab} caruci". 
.viij. capitum. In dnico est inolendinu 
ad ventu qd' potest poni ad firmi p , zx. 
Bol'. qd' molendinu inventu fuit in im 
plemto manerii. Dicut eciam qu' edifi 
cia curie defiorata sunt in parte . 1 me 
liorata in parte . 7 fca compensatioiie 


meliorafonis j defioraconis erit meliora^o [Kadbhdos*.] 

nis suma fee p Will^m thesaurar .ij. marc 

t dimid'. Dicut ecia qd' nemora eiusde vil 

le detiorata sunt p eunde ad summa .xl. 

marca^ pret' debitu t necessariu sustenemtu 

curie. It' cepit de bosco vendito ult"" custu novi 

fossati qd' claudit magnu nemus .xiij. sol'. 

t ad molendinu reparandu .xx. sol*. 

Isti tenent de dominico. 

Baldewinus pulein dimid^ yirg p .ij. sol' 

p carta capitFi p emplonem Rob'ti pulei. 

J .iij. acras de novo p .xij.d. t unu es 

sartum vet^ p .viij.d. 
Hug' filius Rob' . dimid' virg* p .ij. sol'. 
Rob' filius Walt'i dimid' virg' p .ij. sol* .vi.d. 
Rad' cPicus .i. frusiciu p .vi.d. Inquirend'. 
Rob' fil' eve .j. quart' p .xii.d. 
Emma fil' estrilde vidue .j. q'^rt' . p .xv.d. 
Rog' de essendene .j. quart' .p .xv.d. 
Rog' fil' emold .j. quart* p .xvi.d. 
Walt' fil' Waif i .j. quarf p .xv.d. 
Waif fil' gerardi .j . quarf p .xv.d. 
Ric* fil* Godwin! .j. quart' p .xv.d. 
Gunnilda fil' Rog'i de Clifford dimid' virg 

p .iii. sol', p carta capitl'i. 
Walt' fiP osb'ti dimid' virg p .iij. sol'. 
Askillus fir Reginaldi .j. q'^rt' p .xv.d. 
Oregon^ fil' Nicholai dimid' virg'. p .ij. sol'. 

t .iij. rodas p .iiij.d. Id' iij. acras p iiij.d. 
Martin^ fil' WUl'i dimid' virg p .ij. sol'. 

t una crofta p .xii.d. 
Ric* fir ailrich .j. quarf p .xv.d. 
Rog* de essenden dimid' virg' p .ij. sol'. 
Lucia fir Galfridi din^ acra opar* . J metit 

ij. acras. ? i. roda ad cibu suu pp^om. 
Rad' fil' edeline .j. quart* p .xii.d. 



arand' fil' durandi i. virg' . p , vi. sol'. I 

Ric" 61' Walti lonp p v. sol' una virg" . 

Hug* de dunstapele ^ Ric* de nortle diih virg" . p - ij. S. 

Henr stonhard dim virg' . p . ij. sol'. 

Godefrid^ roacun dim virg' . p . ij. sol' .vi.d. 

Galfr fil' Rob' ? ioh's ruff ^ difii virg' . p . ii. sol', vi.d. 

Ric' blundus . j. quart' p .xv.d, 

Moniales de bosco j. virg' . p . vi. sol', f j. 
essartum p . vi.d. 

Vnu mesagiu quonda Rob'ti fabri est in 
Wasto bosci. 

Henr' de Keneswrth dimid' virg' . esceptis .vii. 
acris p . xsvitj.d. quonda Ranulfi suspexi 
cu una acra de essarto . p Will'm thesaur. 
Isti predci exceptis baldewino pulein j 
Gregor fil' Nicholai debent arare bis in 
quaUbl! seisione semel sine cibo dni alt'a 
vice ad cibu dni si diis voluit. Debent 
ecia serclare . metere ter in anno ad cibQ dni. 
Isti tenet de diiico p vilenagium. 

Jl ob't filius Gilib't faber dim virg' 1 de 
bet opari bis in ebdomada p totii 
annu ■ exceptis Nathali . Pascha . f Pentec . 
7 qualib*! seisione seminabili acra J 
dimid' arare . 7 si no ht caruca facere ij. 
opacones dehitas ut tenet"" 1 ai aret q'etu^ 
erit in ilia seisione de i. ope eiusd' tpis 
p sing'las septim t aliud faciei. Pret'ea deb7 
aratura uni^ diei pmod' de lage erthe in 
eade seisione scil't qualib'J seminabili. 
It' quelib? virg' q no averat . dehl parare 
vi. quart* brasii ul' dare vi.d'. et erit q'et^ 
a vi. opacone . t hre focagiu a dno ad iU'd 
parand' . 1 qui no avrant faciut fotaver. 
Will' fil' Will'i dim virg' p id serviciu. 
Will's fil' acerii dim virg' p id' serviciu. 


Laur fiP Rob'ti dimid virg* p id' seru. [Kadehdon.] 

Job fir Gilibti dim virg' • quoda Walkelini cui 

n attinet p id' seru p Willm firmar ut escaet& 

ppter furtum. 
Alexandr cQ hrede Rog'i GK>dsweini dim virg' 

f ids serviciu. 
Alicia fil' iuliane .ij. acras J deVi opari .viii. 

dieb5 in autiipno. Rad' fir Alexandr te 

net una de isds duab} 
Cecilia fiP Ric frend .iij. rodas t debt opa 

ri .xii. dieb} in autupno. 
Will's long^ .i. quar{ quond& Rob' de la dene 

cui n attinet p Will'm firmar "2 in q'^libt 

ebdomada p annti debj opari semel If 

in una ebdom*^ autCLpni bis. 
Reginald^ fil' ordgari .i. q*^' p id' serv. 
Walt's basset .ij. acras "2 opari I autupno 

•viii. dieb} 


Rad' de Watdon .j. acra quondl hug' . cui 
no attinet p Will'm firmar* . % .viii. opaco 
r«3s debet in autupno H pret'ea debU .ij. 
capones in anno J p mesagio dehU me 
tere .ij. acras % un3 rodam. 
Isti sunt libere tenentes. 

Petr^ loeringus diffi hida p .x. sol' . 
Nicholaus fil' patrik .ij. partes unius vir 

gate p xl. d'. 
Hug fil' ioh'is .j. virg H dim p vii. sol' t .vi. 

d' . p capitl'm ut dicit de tota tra cui^ tm 

het medietate "2 Alicia fil' Will'i alifi med'. 
Alicia fiF eillive .j. quart* p .xv.d. 
Rob' fir Wiburge .j. quart' p .xv.d- 
Rob' fil' Abel .j. q^rt p xvi.d. ? .ii. capones. 
Job' fil' Milonis .j. quart' p .xv.d. 
A nicia fil' Rogi .j. quart' p xyi.d. 
Rad' fil' Ric fil' Send diffi yirg p .iij. sol'. 


LONDIN. A.D. 1222. 

t debet facere .j. summa brasii de blado 
diii T ducere lond'. 
Abel fir ernoldi dim virg p .ij. sol' % p ser 
viciu cum 


Rog* fil' Ric" diii 

r p -y. 

sol. .vi.d. nufi 

ad opacom cu dimid' vii^' q averit. 
Alicia cii hrde emeaii .j. quart' p .xv.d, 
Anicia relicta GiHb'ti dim virg p .ij. sol' 
Rad' fil' aluredi .i. virg p .v. sol' .vi.d. 
Quido tenet medietatem uni^ virgate . Rad' 61' 

Alexandr alia mediet p .t. sol. 
Rog' de essendeii dim virg' q"nda Regitl ppo 

siti cui no attinet p Will'm thesauf p .ii. sol' .' 
Quatuordeci acre uni^ virgate quonda David 

fabri sut in dnico ^ magr Simo tenet .j. 

quart' p ,xi.d. 7 Gunnilda fil' Rog' -j, q'^rt p -x 
Hob' de Wint' .j. virg p ,v. sol'. 
I Will's fil' Daniel' .j. virg" p .v. sol'. 

Henf de Waineme .j. virg' p v. sol'. Idem .j. 

quarter p ,xv.6. 
Ric fir ioh'is dim virg 1 opat cu tria q averat, 
Rob' fil' Gilib'ti dim virg p .ii. aol. .vi.d, 
Jordanus de lond' .ii- virg p .viii. sol. de 

empto quonda Walt'i de estun 
Isti debet arar? . sarcl'are . met'e in p'cariia 

ad cibu dni . Job's de Clifford .ij. acras t 

diin 1 mesagiu p xiiij.d. p omi servico 

q<»nda Wluiue cui no attinet p Will'm thesaur' 
L Oihs aupradci debet predro m" arare . sarclare. 

I Job'. 

f J met'e quo hug' fil' Rob'ti sup"" 1 qui cu eo 
scributur excepto iordano q' succedit .J. 
de bospitali . Isti sunt Cotarii. 
Rad' fil' edeline 1 Warinus tenet .j. virgata 
p q" opantur a festo Sci Michael' usque ad 
advincula ter in oini ebdom"" exceptis nath'. 
pasch' . pentec 1 deinceps usq : ad festuni 


sci michael' omi die exoepto sabb'o . debet viii. [Kadbhooh.] 

sumagia p annu lond^ ul' alias. Reddet ecia 

singl'is annis garsauese scil' .iiiitd. H ob' de 

qualib? virg' q auerat 1! q nd averant 

faciut fotauer 1! si habuerit porcos dabut 

de pannagio de porco supannato se'd cosuet' 

▼ille ? debent .vii.d. ? ob^ de langabl'e 

? de Wdeseluer .iiij.d. % ob* H .j. quart' 

de auena ad foddercorn H seme fhimSti 

ad una rodam. 
Will's fil' ordgari dim virg p ide seruic. 
Godefrid^ "2 Ric fiP machtild .j. virg p id' serv' 
WaPs fir ordgari J Garin^ fil' asconis 1 Rob' 

fil' Walt'i .j. virgata p ide seruic. 
Rob' fir Abel .j. quart' p ide servic. 

Isti tenet de novis essartis f^is tempore 

Willi thesaurarii firmar. 

Hug fil' Rob' .iii. acras ? dim p .xiiij.d. 
WiU's fil' Will' .iii. acras 1 difii p .xiiij.d. 
Rob' fir Walt' .v. acras • % dim p .xxii.d. 
Job's storensis .ii. acras ? dim p .x.d. 
Warin^ fil' azonis .ii. acras % difii p .x.d. 
Rob' de linlee cu hrede Rog'i de clifibrd .iiij. 

acras J dim p .xviij.d. 
Will's long^ .i. acra % .i. roda p .v.d. 
Askitillus .j. acra ? dim p .vi.d. 
Henr fil' pet^ .iij. rodas p .iii.d. 
Rog'us long^ .i. acra p .iiij.d. 
Gregor' fil' Nichol' .j. acra p .iiij.d. 
Nicholaus pat^k una acram p .iiij.d. 
Martin^ fiP Will'i .i. acrS p iiij.d. 
Alicia relicta Alani .j. roda p .i.d. 
Rob' fil' abel .j. roda p .i.d. 
Job's fil' milonis .i. roda p .i.d. 
Anida filia Rog'i .i. roda p •i.d. 
Ric' fil Ailrici .j. rodam p •i.d. 
Henr fil' decani i. acram p .i.d. 

al' A. rod\ 


plteginaldus ^posit^ tenuit dim virg tre in 
cadendoh lib'am p .ii. sol' . p omi servico 
t de purprestura qn fuit bailliu^ .vi. nu 
malu tre. De hoc au tenefhto postq'^m 
cesait in dies regis assisii est teneffitii h' m". 

Rob' 111' Walt'i .i. quart*. 

Garin^ 61' azonis .j. quart' de difli virg* ad 
opatonem sic' Will's fiP ordgari. 

Will's fil' Will'i sueni p una pprestura .xii.d. 

Hob* fil' Eue .iij.d. p una placia. 

Hog's de essendeii .xv.d. p .iij. rodis q"ndl 
Will'i fil' agemudi cui nQ attinet. 

Job's Norensis .xii.d. p .j. quart' t're. 

Rob' fil' Walt'i .xij.S. p .j. mesagio. 

Garinus fil* azonis .sii.d. p -j. mesagio. 
Inquisitio fca in maiiio de Keneswrth Will' 
thesaur existente firmario. 
Nomina jurato^ 

Henr de Keneswrth 
Rob' dan fey 
Job's holdegrim 
Laur ppositus 
Gilib' deboneire 
G regor" de anchetei 
Rog'us sa})ies 
Rob' de bokesme 
Rob' holdegrim 
Will's de Wain erne 
Thoffi her ward 

Dicunt isti quod 
manium istud 
defedit se vSus rege 
p .X. hidis cu boscis 
1 est lib'm % q'etu 
ab oiiii secta comi 
tat^ f hundred! 'I 
alios q spcctant ad 
diim regem in capi 
te 1 suos baillivos . In 
daico sut duodecies 
viginti acre t .viij. 

de tra arabili. de prato nich'. In bosco fori 
seco magno sut quiquies vigiti acre % i 
encbele .xxx. acre bn vestite de bosco t 
in clauso circa curia circiter .iij. acre . 
Possut ee in stauro quiquies .xx". oves 
I "i .XXX. porci. Potest fieri Wainnag' Riahii 


cu .ij. carucis .viij. capital cfi consuetud'ib [IUhmweth.] 

villate. Dicut ecii quod emedatu est 

maniiim in .1. acris marlatis p Wiirm 

thesaur ad summfi .c. soL It' dicut q'd 

tepore ejusde pejorata sut nemora in ve 

ditione ad summa .xx. marcar p't* ne 

cessariQ If debitu sustinemtum curie. 

Isti tenet de dnico 1 de essarto 
Gilib' tannator .ij. acres de essarto p .xii.d. 
Job' fir Gilib* .ij. acres de essarto p •xii.d. 
Alicia reUcta Warini .vi. acres H dii& de es 

sarto 1! dim de dnico p .iii. sol. 
WalkeUn^ fil' Henr .iij. acras de frucisio 1! una 

acra de tra edwaker . p .xxvij.d. 
Cecilia relicta Rad' .iiij. acras % dini de essar 

tis ? .ij. acras ? dim de dnio p .iij. sol. 
Alexandr fil' Gregor ac'^ro ? dim de essarto p .ix.d. 
S imo 1 h'eb'tus fil' alurici .iij. acras de es 

sarto ^ .i. acrem de dnio p .ij. sol. 
Michael fil' Galfrid' .iij. acras de essarto H 

.1. acrem de dnio p .ij. sol. 
R ic fil' Galfr' .i. acrem de essarto ? .iij. acras 

J dim de dnio p .xvi.d. 
Rad' fil' Alex .ij. acras • p .xiiij.d. 
Matbs fil' Ric* .ij. acras .j. roda min^ p .x.d. 
Henr fil' theodorici .ij. acras de diiio p .iiij.d. 
Rad' cl'icus .xv. acras p .ii. sol. de dnico epto. 
Ric' yinge .ij. acras de dnico p .vj.d. 
Ric* leg. .iij. acras de dnico p .xij.d. 
Magr Simo nepos jobis circit' .xl. acras de 

dnio p .V. sol. 
J uliana relicta henr fil' rob'ti dim acre de 

dnio p .i.d. 
Job' fil' ric* carnificis dim aci^ de dnico p .ij.d. 
Job' fil' ailgari dim acra de dnio p •ij.d. 
Nichol' de Stanbreg .i. acri de dnico p .iiij.d. 


Alditha relicta Willi haliday .i. acra de dnio p .iiij.d. l^'" 
Petr' fir Ric vi. acras de diiio p .xii.d. 
I E lyas ? Witts de capita dim acra de diiio p .ii.d. 

■ Henr ppoait'' difii acra de dHico p .i.d. 

■ Gregof de anchel' vendicat .iij. acraa t dim 

de dfiio p .vi.a. q"*B Ric fil' ioh'is tenet. 
lOsegod stonhard .i. acra de dnio p .iiij.d. 

elBtrilda t Galf? .i. acra 1 dim de diiio p .iij.S. 
\ I sabella relicta Galfr dim acra de dnio p . ob. 
Etic fil' Ric blundi .vii, acras de dnio p .xiiij, 
i. If .iij. acras ? -i. roda p vii.d. 
Helyas "i! hug' cu hrdib) hunfridi .i. acra 
de dnio p .ii.d. 
I Bad' long^ .ij, acras de dnico p .vi.d. 
HiDtns isti sunt de dunstapel' ? debet mete 
P re semel in autupno ad cibu diii. 

Henf de Keneswrth' .1. acra de tra joh'is 

cantoc p .vi.d. 
Gilib' deboneire .vii. acras 7 dim de eade 

p .iii. Bol. 1 .x.d. 
Gregor de anchel' .t. acras p .iij. sol. 
J oh's de anchel' -ii. acras % dith p -x.d, 
Wal! rutur .vi. acras °t diffi p .xiii.d. 
J oh's ruffus .ij. acras p .xi.d. 
Elyas de capita .i. acra % dim p .vi.d. 
Witts cem6tarius .iiij. acras p .xvi.d. 
Rad' cl'icus -viiij. acras p xxsij.d. 
Gregor camifex .vi. acras j. roda min^ p .xviij.d. 

Isti tenent de tra assisa. 
Rob' de alfay .ij. virg'. p .x. sol, p carta capit' 
? unu essartu p .ij. sul. f .i. mesag* p .xii.d. 
Joh' holdegrim .ij. virg'. p v, sol" p carta 
rapitli 1 .vij. acras quas aliq""mdiu te 
t sn servicio . m" p .viij.d. p carta 
ptpitti p fine fcm c decano t capitto. 



EccFia de Keneswrth .j. virg sn senricio assig [Kehmweth.] 

nata est p capittm vicario. 
Editha relicta joh'is J Gregor de anchel* .j. virg 

p vi. soP. 
Gilib' deboneire .j. virg p y. soP. cu custodia 

he'dum thom^ fiP Reginald! 
Henr fil' augustini .j. virg p y. sol'. 
H ug noyus hd cu hrde Rob'ti sellarii dimid' 

yirg p .ij. sol'. J .yi.d. 
Thorn fir Rad' alia dii& yirg p .ii. soF. .yi.d. 
Laur de hospitali . j. yirg p y. sol*. 
Galfr fir Simdis .j. yirg p y. sol*. 
Ric yinge .j. yirg p y. sol' quonda Galfr' crici cut 

no attinet 1! habt de empto • Ite Ric .i. grayam 

unde assertayit cirdter y. aci^ ptinetes ad 

yirgata . Hugo nepos Gilib'ti .j. yirg p .y. sol'. 
Walt'us fil' Aelberni .ij. yirg p .x. sol'. 
Will's fil' math'i J Wilts de Weineme .j. yirg p 

.y. sol*. Matilda relicta philippi .j. yirg p .y. sol*. 

Istl tenent dimidias yirgatas. 
Rob' fil' Ric dim yirg p .ij. sol'. .yi.d. 
Laur fil' turstani dim yirg p .ii. sol', .yi.d. 
Rob' J Walt'us dim yirg p .ij. sol'. H .yi.d. 
Will's fil' hug .j. yirg p .y. sol*. 
Henr de keneswrth J Rob' de alfay dim yirg 

p .zxyiii.d. t mlsiu est in dnio H excidQt 

.ij.d. p Wiltm thesaurariu fir mar. 
Job's rumangur de danstaple diffi yirg p 

y. sol'. ? .ii.d. nilm jus in bt. 
QuiUbt isto^ debet arare inquaUbt saisio 

ne semel 1! serctare et mete sn cibo . ezcep 

tis Henr de Keneswrth J Rob' daunfay 

? Joh' holdegrim. 

Isti sunt cotarii. 
Adelina relicta Gilib'ti .i. cotland p .ii. sol. 
Rob' holdegrim di& yirg p .ii. sol. % .yi.d. 


1 eide Roft vet^ essartu p .xx.d. [Kkneswrth.] 

Galfr bludus q'^rtam parte virg p .xv.d. 
Henr fil' aug^tini .j. q"^rter p .ij. sol'. 
Job' fir Laur t Job's hedeburg dim virg p .ij. 

sol'. Ide de essarto .iiij. acras p .vi.d. 
Hug novus bd .j. quarf p .ij. sol. Idem de 

dominico .iiij. acras p .vi.d. 
Will's de Waineme .j. quart p .ij. sol*. 

Isti tenant de essarto veH. 

Rob' boldegrim .vii. acras p .xix.d. J ob'. 
Galfr bludas .vii. acras p .xix.d. J ob. 
Maurici^ fiP Regin .x. acras p .ij. sol'. J .vi.d. 
Rad' reisunt .x. acras J dim p .ii. sol'. J .j.d. 
Osb'tus de venella .viij. acras p .xxii.d. 
J ob's rumagur. 

Alexandr fil' ernesii .vi. acras p .ij. sol'. 
Hug novus bo .vi. acras p .xii.d. 
Laur turstani .ij. acras J dim p .x.d. 
Osb'tus de la lane .iiij. acras p .xvi.d. 
WiHs de Waineme dim acra p .ij.d. 
Witts Walt'us 1 Rob' dini acra p .ij.d. 
Tbom fil' Rad' dim acra p .ij.d. 
Hug novus bo dim acra p .ij.d. 
Hug fir Witti .vi. acras p .x.d. 
Walt'us fil' Walt'i .viij. acras p .xiii.d. 
Galfr fil' bereb'ti .j. quarl p .xvi.d. 
Galf fil' Rob' droppelime .viij. acras J dim p .xiiij.d. 
Matilda fil' pbilippi 
Job's boldegrim 
Job's fil' laur .iiij. acras p .x.d. 
Galfr fil' Simd .viij. acras ? dim p .xxii.d. 

H tres sunt de dnico. 
Job's fil' andr dim virg p .ij. sol. J .viij.d 
Laur de hospital' dim virg p .xLd. 

tres acre q'^s tenuit laur sn servico iveniri n possT. 
Joh'a relicta Rob'ti dim acra p .ij.d. 


Rob* de la lane .iiij. acras J .j. rodani p .xvij.d. [Kbn«»w»th.] 

GregoP 11 editha .ij. acras .j. roda min^ p Aj.i. 

Gilib' deboneire .iij. acras p .xi.d. 

H ug* novus ho .i. quar^ p .zvi.d. 

Witts fil* Ade .vi. acras . p .xiLd. 

Rob* 1! Wilts de hokesine dim virg p .ii. sol' .yi.d. 

Joh*s pmtarius .iiij. acras ? .iiij. acras de ve 

teri tenemto p .xv.d. 
Osb'tus de la lane .vi. acras 11 .j. roda p .xii.d. 

quonda aug^tini cui no attinet. 
Rogus sapies .j. quart p .xv.d. 
Hug novus ho .j. quart p .xv.d. 
Gregor de ancbele .viij. ac'^s p .xvi.d. 
E lyas J Hug .xij. acras p .ij. sol. 
Oms isti debent arare ^ sarctare semel sn cibo 

*% semel ad dbu dni • % mefe semel sn cibo 1 

bis ad cibum dni. igti tenet de novo essar 

to fJfo p heb*tum arch' cant' 1 p decan t p 

capif "X p fine (Sm cQ decan 1 cap p .i. marca 
Gregor de anchel' .i. quart p .xvi.d. p eund'. q*^m solvert. 
Gilib* deboneire .j. quart p .xvi.d. cu h'ede 

thorn* in custodia . p eund*. 
Alexandr de astreg .j. quart p .xvi.d. t dim 

acra p .i.d. It Witts Waineme .ij. ac'^s p .x.d. p eund*. 
Henr de Keneswrth .ij. acras If .i. roda p .ix.d. 

Essarta assisa tempe WiiK thesaur' firmar. 

Henr de Keneswrth .iij. rodas p .iij.d. 

Rob' daunfey .iij. ac'^s p xiid. It eid* .j. acra 

de escaeta p .iiij.d. p R. serviete thesaur*. 
Laur fir turstani .ij. ac'^s p .viij.d. 
Witts de Waineme dim acii p .ij.d. 
Walt's de hokesine J Rob* .j. roda p .i.d. 
Witts de helum dim aci^ p .ij.d. 
Rob* de hokesine .ij. ac'^s .j. roda min^ p .vij.d. 
Galfr fil* h*eb'ti .iij. rodas p .iij.d. 
Witts de foukesiiie .j. curtillag p ob*. 


lOalfr blundus .j. roda p .i.d. 

FMauricius .j. roda p ,j.A. 

1 Bob' holdegrim .j. curtilag' p ob. 
Guido 111' Alexandr .iij. acras p .xii.d. 

\ Osb'tus de lane -j. acra p Tii.d. 

I Augustin^ unchere .iij. ac^ p .xn.d. de vet'i essarto. 
Inquisico fSa in manio de Sanduii ioh' 
de SCO laurentio existente firmario. 

NomiDa juratoji 
Galff fir ermigard 
Reginald fil' ailwini 
Had' de Storteford 
J ob's ppositus 
Rob' novus htl 
; Will's de la lee 
Ric Bedellus 
Walt's fil' Ailwini 
Witts de la Rod' 
Job's de lufFehaV 
Alexandr de la doii 
in dhico. Dicut eciar 
acre 1 .Is. p quiquies 

hoc est vedclm jurato^ 
Isti dicunt q'd mani 
um istud defedit 
se vsus rege p .x. hydis 
exceptis duabus hydis de 
luffeball' "? eat lib'm ^ q'e 
turn ab omi secta comi 
tat^ 1 hudredi 1 alios q 
sp'^tant ad dnm reg6 i 
capite v\ suos baillivo* 
De .X. hidis pdcis de sa 
dona dimid' hida pti 
nuit ad ecd'am q in° -i 
'd in diiico Bt .dc. 
igiti. De p'^to fal- 

cabili .XX. acre. In pastura ad carucas J vac- 
cas .xii. acre. Nulla est ibi aba pastura n' 
in boscia. In bosco de rodewode .xxvi. acre 

1 n bosco de aleg"'ve .xxvi. acre. In bosco de 
tichenho .vi. acre. In chalcrofte .iij. acre 

Dicut q'd istanemora mediocriter s't vesti 
ta pret* tichenho . q'd nuU'm hi magnu ar 
bore. Dicut ecia isti q'd in isto manio pos 
sunt ee .cc. oves p sexciesvigi ti ■? .vi. vac 
ce cu uno tauro. Potest ibide fieri wai 
nagiu cu .v, carucis qua? tres bnt .iiij. 
bovea 1 .iiij. eq''s J due sing'le .vi. eq''s 
ii cosuetudinibj villate ppt' dnicum 


^M de lufTehale J alia q remota sQt . q tn sut 

in dis- [s*ND««.l ■ 

^1 positone firmarii. Dicut etiam q'd p^ pacem ^ 

^M reddita cepit Walt's de Godardi villa in n 


^H more ad valentia 


■ De villata recepto .x. marcas 1 dim. Dicut -5 ,j § -| ■ 

^^1 ecia q'd etnendatu est maiiium tpe J. de 
^H Sco kur in domib} fossatis clausturis t 


^H aliis ad valentia .xv. marca^. 

^H Isti teDent de dominico. 

^H Ascelina Mia lefwini .j. acra p .iiij.d. 

^H Saeva filia folinardi .j. acra ad opacom. 

^H Rob' forestari^ .j. acra ad opacone cQ. iiij. 

^H acris dnici p Ric firmariu. 

^H Joh' de surreia .iiij. acras p .ix.d. 

B 2 a 3 'i 

^M Walt's taillur .iiij. acras p .xvi.d. 

=■ ^ -^ i '§ 

^M Joh'i de bassingeburne cu hrde WiBi angli 

1 6 -S -Z 

^H ci .iij. acras p .iiij.d. 

^H Walt's ppositus .j. acra p .xii.d. quoda ail 

■5 g . - -5 

^H wardi cui no atUnet p R, rufTu. 

^H Walt's sutor .j. acra °t .i. mesuag p .xvi.d. Lu 
saurar L 
de cices! 
Reddit a 
et duos I 

^H| Anicia relicta Joh' besant -j. mara p .i.d. 

^H Una acra q°nda chant'elli est in dnico. 

^M Rob' fil' Wlurici .vi. acras p .xxvij.d. 
^H S teph's de Ware .v. acras p .ij. sol. 

.■■i|s IS 

^M Ric Bedellus .v. acras p .xvi.d. 


^M Nichol' fir Ric .v. acras p .ij. sol' 

^^^ R eginald^ miles .iiij. acras 1 dim p .xii.d. 

o «- r -1 2 > £ 


^H Ide .V. acras p .xviij.d. Ide .i. mesaf p 

^^M .ij. de nova purprestura. 

is I'll i^ 


^H Witts Carpentaria .iiij. acras 1 dim p .ij. soL 

^B p capittm. 

^M Eustachi^ fil' sesburge .i. roda p .xij.d. 

^H Walt's fil' ailwini .j. mesag p .iiij.d. 

-a ;- a I 1^ 1 * 

^H Hodiema .j. acra p .vi.d. t seqr .iiij. pea 

'?, S 3j's ^ "v E 

^^H rias ad cibum dni. 

^H Witts de tichenho dim acra p .vi.d. 



^H Bic clobbere .v. acras p ^ Ric ruffu firmar. 
^^ Osb't^ fir aillede .ij. acras p .viij.a, p eund'. 
Job's fil' Baldewini .iij. acras p .xxiii.d. 

qiinda thurkilli cu uno curtillagio. 
Elyas fil' Rob'ti .v. acras p .xvt.d. 
Henr fil' Ric .j. situm moledini p .ij. aoi. 
Elyas una Brusam q°nda ailwardi p .xii. 

d p captm. jgtj Qujjt libere tenentes. 
Lucas fir ioh'is .j. virg' 1 dini p ,xii. sol'. 
Adam de Ippegrave H Job's de Kelesbell cu 

filiab} Wifti fil' Ric una virg 1 dimid' 

1 .V. acras p .xx. sol'. 
Alanus fir Aiexandr de bassingeburii. 

>.iii. virgatas p .xx. sol. *% pt hec .x. acras 
de villata % .x. de dhico ppt aect5 sire 1 
budredi q""m m" no facit. 
Waifs de mora .ij. virg t dim p .xxii.S q°nda liam. 
Witts de mora .j. virg 1 dife p .xii. sol' quas 

Ric de Wara tenet de illo. 
Ric fir osb'ti de Ware .j. virg p v. sol'. 
Ric de sakeTilla .j. virg p .vii. sol. iiij.d. p 

carta capifli. 
J oh' de bassinghurn cu hfde Witti angli 

ci .j. virg p .s. sol. 
Adam de Ippegrave f Job's v. acras quoda 

turgis p xvi.d. 
Hen? fir Ric' de sanduB dim hydam 

q"'m avus suus tenuit tpe Regis Henf 

P .xiii. sol. Id' .j. virg p .ix. sol' q"'m 

uxor sua disrationavit in curia sci pau 

li p breve regis ap'd sand'. Ide tenet dim 

virg q fuit living p .iiij. sol'. 
Adam palmius .x. acras p .iiij. sol. Idem 

dim virg q fuit ailrici cornmonge 

unde reddit .iiij. sol'. 
Galfr fil' ermingard .j. virg 1 dim p 


•xii. sol. n .y. acras ^ solent opari m^ reddit [Sakdum.] 

.iij. EoV p capittm. 
Ranulfus de stortef cu filia Regni .j. virg p 

▼. sor. If .X. acras p aiij. sol\ p capim tpre 

alardi decani • postmod^ tpe RoV decani % 

de cosensu totius capti s^ confirmatas. 
J acob^ .x. acras p .iij. soP. q'^s tenet Regin de eo. 
Henr fil' Ric diffi acra 1 a. mesag p .yi.d. 

de empto pdecessoris sui. 
Felicia fiP duzamor .j. virg H dim p .xLs. .vi.d. 
Garinus fil' Ghirini .j. yirg ? dim ^ fuit 

patris sui p .xii. sol'. Id' tenet dimid' 

by dam p viij. sol/ 
L ucas fir Jpb'is .x. acras p .xvi.d. quas pat* 

suus disrationavit in curia de sandun 

p breve dni regis. 
Beatrix reUcta ioh'is fil' Ric' dim virg p .iij. 

soP. It* .v. acras p .xviij.d. cu .j. curtilagio. 
Lucas fil' ioh'is .x. acras p .ij. soP. quas lucas 

pdecessor suus disrSnavit p breve dnl reg. 
Ric fiP Willi .X. acras p ij. sol\ 
Offis isti arant semel in hyeme semel in 
x'^l. metut in autiipno . plaustra prestat 

I hoc totu ad cibum dni. 

Regin de su fil' ailwini diffi virg cu pti 
netiis p dim marca p omib} serviciis. 

II .j. roda in augmtu q fuit matilF sine 
servico. Id' mesag' quonda MatiH. 

Anicia relicta joh'is besant .x. acras lib 'as p 
cartam capti p .iij. sol. 

Isti tenet dimidias virg ad opac6era. 
Wills de la lee tenet dim virg J .u acra p 

Elyas fil' Rob* fil' Ailwardi dim virg. 
Matilda relicta Warini dim virg. 
Martin^ fil' Baldewini dim virg. 
Witts fil' Wlurici dim virg. 

ECCLBSIifi S. PAULI LONDIN. A.D. 1222. 17 

Oms isti debent portare Lond' singti .xxv. [Samdun.] 

sumas cu pp^o custamto J • arare p annu .ix. 
acras . ? h'ciare .vi. acras .? pt'ea arare .j. roda 
*l seminare de pp>o frumto . ? singul' septim 
a festo 8ci michael' usq^ pen tec* .ij. opac^ 
n> ierint Lond'. Deinde usq^ ad vincta .iiij. 
opacds omi sept'. Deinceps usc^ ad festu 
sS roichaer .v. opacones omi sept'. Ad Wde 
seluer .viij.d. Ad maltselu .xiij.d. In na 
thali .ij. gallinas . ad pascha .xv. ova. 
Ptonagiu de porco supaiiato ob'. de no 
supanato q"". pret'ea Witts de la lee *? 
elyas fil' Rob' debet u?q^ eof cu maltselv 
•j. stricam avene. If cms oparii di& vir 
gate debent invenire vasa J utesilia 
ter in anno ad braciandu. 

Isti sunt operarii .x. acrarum. 

Matitt filia Asketilli tenet .x. acras ? debt 

una stricam avene. 
Ric* fir Wifast .x. acras p id' servic* ? debt 

.j. stricam avene sic matitt. 
Osb'tus .x. acras J debt .j. stricam. 
Ric novus ho cu filia Wiurici .x. acras. Id' 

.j. acra p .xii.d. 
Ric' burgeis .x. acras % debt .j. strica. 
Rob' de la lee •▼• acras J debet .j. hoppa. It. 

ide .y. acras de t'ra osb'ti kehel p servi^ 

•x. acnu&« 
Ric' fir Aluredi .x. acras % debt .j. strikam. 
Witts fiP Osb'ti fir Godwini .x. acras ? debt 

una strikam. 
Witts novus hd .x. acras. 
Thomas fr Rob'ti .x. acras. 
Baldewinus fiP Rob'ti .x. acras. 
Aseelina vidua .x. acras H debt .j. strika aven. 
Ric^ bedellus .x. acras. 



Walt^s J Walt's .x. acras quaf .v. averant .v. no . [Sahduw.] 

? debent .j. strikam avene. 
Rad' Nechebur .x. acras. 
Oms isti oparii .x. acrar opantar hoc id? 

unusquisq^ eo^ exceptis .v. acris supius ex 

ceptis in pximo debet portare .xvi. sumas 

J (ciam ptem uni^ same Lond' cu pp>o custam 

to • ? debet arare p aiinu .vi. acras exceptis 

pcariis. Debet eciam venire ad pcarias ara 

re • J pximo die p^ pcariam debet unaquaq^ 

caruca arare dim acra msuratam • J a festo 

sci michael' usc^ pentec' debet bis opari in 

duab} septim n> fiunt in avagio . % t'cia sep 

timana nich\ A pentec usq^ ad vincta 

debet in ebdoro*^ .iiij. opac • due ad cibum 

dni • A festo sci pet> ad vincU uscj^ ad festu 

sci michael' p singtas septim .iiij. opac. 

duas ad cibu dni . ? pt' hoc venire ad una 

pcariam se t'cio . ? si bladu dni no fuit 

coUectu in Nativi^ beate marie debt un^ 

quisq^ in pximo die venis mete dimid' 

acrS. Debt ecia un^quisq^ arare t'ciam pte 

dim acre . t seminare de pp^o semine . scH de 

frumto. Ad NathaP .ij. gallinas . ad pascha 

•x. ova . pannagiu ut sup*^ si porcos habuit . 

ad maltselv .viij.d. *? ob\ *l ad Wdeselver 

.v.d. 1 ob. 

Isti sunt oparii quinq^ acrarum. 
Rog' fir ailmer leg tenet .v. acras . 
Emma vidua .v. acras . 
Margareta vidua .v. acras. 
F elicia filia du3amur .v. acras set m® est 

ad denar p firmarios. 
Oms isti debet opari a festo sci michaeP us 

c^ ad pentec bis in ebdom"^ . J deinceps U8(j^ 

ad vincta .iij. opac in ebdom unS ad 




^M cibum dni. A festo sci petri ad vincta usq, ad 

^B featum sci michael' .iij. dim acras met;' .1 ad 

^M pcariaa venire .thfe .j. garba de ipo blado 

^1 i .iij. aoras arare p annu. In Nathali .j. gal 

H lina . ad pascha .v. ova . ad malteselu .vi.d. pa 

H nagium si porcos huerit. Debet ecia portare 1 

^M minara .pstare saccu 1 dare obtm p sacco in 

= 'i 

H redditu sacci . 1 dare .vi.d. ad braciand' ad 


H .iiij. terminos . t quotiea ded'it, erit q'et^ ab ope. 

,c '« ja" 

^ Isti sunt cotarii. 

iTi \c at 

Rog' fil' rad' de Nuers .j. acram. 

"^ " IB 

Seeva vidua .j. acram. 

- s| 

Galfr fil' Witt parlepot .j. acra. 


Walt's ppositus .j. acra. 

Theobaldus .j. acram. 

S ' a 

Walt's fil Rob' de ho .j. acra. 

J oh's fil" Baldewini ,j, acra. 

Oms isti debet opari semel omi ebdom"" a festo 

w| ; 

sci micbael' usq, pentec. Deincepa usq, ad 

■^ o c 

vincta; bis in ebdom"- . semel ad cibo dni. 


A festo sci pet' ad vincta debet ter opari in 


ebdom"" . t omi septimana h?e -j. garbam. 

S eJ 

q'cquid faciant . 1 singti debet .i. ovO. De 

bent ecia portare J chaciare 

_ Ric fil' Witti fabri tenet .j. acra % debet facere 

^fe unu ferranitum uni^ caruce. 

f Hoc est manium de luffehale. 

MaSium de luffebal' defedit se vsus rege p .ii. 

hydis % est lib'um t quietu aicut sandon. 

In dnico sut .Lij. acre t're arabil' 1 in prato 

.iiij. acre. 


Gtlib' fir osb'ti .j. acram '^ diin cu aliis .viij. 


acris 1 dim p .iiij. sol'. 


Dionisia fil' muriel .j. acra t dim p .vi.d. ead' 


dim acra p (.vi.d.) p ioh' de sco laur. 


^^ Agnes relicta Ailwini .v. acras p .ii. sol'. 




de Im opal ? p .ij. gallinis 1 .xv. ovis 1! [Lwr«KHAL«.] 

seqr .ij. pcarias. 
Rog fil* Ailwini dim virg p .iii. sol'- 
J oh* fiP Osb'ti .iij. acras p .xv.d. 
Wilts fiP Warini de Walkern .iij. ac***8 p .xviij.d. 
H ide .j. acra de p'^to p .xij.d. iure heditar. 
Rog fil* Wlfredi .iij. ac*"s p .x.d. p J. de sco laur. 
Quatuor acre q^ndam Galfr ppositi n s't in dnico. 
Joh's fil' osb'ti .j. acra q^ndam haliday. It' .ij. ac^^s 

de dnico p .xij.d. p J. de sco laur. 
Seeva relicta Witti .j. acram J dim p .ix.d. 

t seqr .ij. precarias. 
Witts fil* Rog* .vi. acras p .ij. sol'. ? seqr .ij. pcarias. 
Lucas .vij. acras p .ij. sol'. "2 .ij. precar. 
Gilib' fil. Ailwini .j. acra p .vi.d. 
Tres acre q^nda Witti fil* Sigari sut in dnico. 
Witts fiP agnetis .j. acra *? dim p .viij.d. 

Isti tenent de hida assisa p odonem. 
Rog* 6V Wluredi dim virg de t'ra opaf p .iij. 
sol*, p decanu "Z p captm p finem fcm cu 
ipsis tepore inquisitonis. 


Alured^ fil' Rogi .x. acras . opar p .ii. soF. 
Alexandr fil* Wluredi .x. ac""s opaf p .ij. sol*. 
Osbt^ fir muriel .x. acras. It' .v. acras quoda 
RoV fir sueni p .iiij. sol. ? dat .ij. gallinas 

? .XV. ova. *? seqr duas pcarias. 
J oh' fiP Osb'ti difii. virg opaf. p .iiij. soP. 


Rog^ fil' Ailwini .v. ac^'s p .iiij.d. quaf tres 

sunt oparie ? una de dnico. 
I ste tre debet opacones cum opariis de saii 

don excepto averagio. 

Isti tenent de purpresturis de Sandune. 
Matill' fil' Aillive .j. mesag p .iiij.d. 
Witts fir lieveve .j. curtillag p .j.d. 
Witts novus h5 .j. curtillag p .iij.d. 
Maurici^ fil' Baldewini .j. curtillag p .j.d. 


Inquisifo f5a in maiiio de ardet. theobaldo [Ei 
archid' essexsie existete firmario. 




Nomina jurato^. 
Galfrid' mariot. 
Simo cuntreweg 
Rob" fir fulconis 
Ang'us fil* osb'ti. 
Godeff fil' alani 
Wilts bedellus. 
Rob' fil' Jeronimi 
Hug* bruning 

h' estvcdcm jurato^. 

Isti dicunt qd' maiii 
um istud defendit 
se vaus rege p .v. hidis 
pi dnicum .% est libe 
ru 1 quietum ab oini 
secta comitatu^ 1 hflndre 
di , et alios q sp'tant ad 
dnm rege in capite t suos 
baillivos . Id' dicut 
q'd sunt . in dhico de tia 

arabili .cccc.lx. 1 .xii. acre p qniea vigiti 

I .Tiij. acre prati . pastura nulla n' in boscis. 

II in parco circa curia .Is, acre cu .viij. ac""s 
de t'ra tenecium quaa escabiavit p totide 

de diiico . t cum -viij. acris de diiico . J in 
bosco forinseco h vestito .xl. acre . % in alio 
bosco incluso vestito de Rifflei ? virgis .x. 
acre . % grossiori robore . pof Wainagiu Ti 
cum .iij. carucis .viij. capitu cii cosuetu 
dinib} villate . possut ee ibi in stauro .vi. 
vacce cu uno tauro . t .cc. oves .1 \x. porci. 
It in dnico est unu molendin ad ventu q°d 
pot poni ad lirma p -xx. sol', pt custafhtu 
annuu q^d requirit qM fecit Ric de stapel 
ford .t dedit Rad' fil' Witti . ditnid' acra in 
escambiii de dnico p situ loci ejusde mo 
lend'. If dicut q^d enSdatuni est mafiiu 
in t'ris marlatis % molendino novo H do 
mibs costructis p Ric de stapeiford ad 
Bumtna .v. inarcar .set nemora pejora 
ta But tepore ejusde 1 tepore pacis ad sum 
ma .xl. sol', tepore au tbeobaldi archid' essex 
eihdatu est mafiiu ad summa .vi, marca^. 


Isti tenent de dominico. [BmoBLsiA.] 

de crawnHe 

Rad* fil' Willi •*■ .iij. acras p .xii.d. 

Rog' fil' ailwini .vi. acras p .ij. soP. 

Galfr fir ioh' de cruce .vij. acras p .ij. sol*, t .iiij- 

d'. 11 .viij. acras p .xxxii.d. 
Odo fil' Willi .viij. acras p .xxxii«(t. 
Wifl: fil' Godwin! .iij. acras p .xii.d. 
G""tuor acre qu*s tenuit Ric nou^ ho s? i dnico sup**". 
Michael fil' ade .j. acri p .ij.d. quas Nichol' 

canonic^ dedit ei in augnitum. It' .j. roda 

p .v.d. p R. de stapelford. 
Witt abel dim acrl p .ij.d. cii filia blidewini. 
Ric stokkere .j. acra J dim p .vi.d. 
Godulfus de bruera .xij. acras p .iiij. soP. 

p Rad' de diceto decanu • Ide .ij. acras p 

•xij.d. p R. de stapelford ? .ij. caponis 
Hug bercari^ dim virg p .v. soP. t .ij. griKiiM 

Ric de bruera .vij. acras % dim p .ij.s. vLd. 
Rad' fiP Witt de crauine .v. acras p .ij. sol'. 
Margaf relicta Witti fab^ .iij. rodas p •vi.d. 
S erlo fil' Rob'ti .j. acra p .vi.d. quonda Wi 
nemeri p R. de Stapelford. 

Isti tenent ad censum. 
Walt's de mora cu nepte % h'ede hamonis 
dim hida p qua soh aquietare maniu 
de secta sire % hQdredi q^'^n maniu ill'd deb'at. 
It' dim virgata p .ij. sol', •vi.d. ^ fuit Rob'ti 
fraceis qua pdecessores sui habuert p ma 
gistrQ Albericu. It' .j. virgata p iij. sol. 
p clamore de t'ra de Wlpet unde hi carta 
capitti sn aliquo teste. It .j. acra de vile 
nagio p .vi.d. p Nichol' Axdiid' hunted'. 
Ide .j. acnL t dini p .iij.d. p magrm here 
vicu m** reddit p oSib} istis t'ris t 
infra .ziiij. sol' t •xi.d. 


Bimo cultreweg .j. virg t dim p .vii. sol', t debet 

1 qualib] s 

: pa? s 

juravit. set ipe negat. Id' j. acra p .ij.d p ma 
gistr hug de lond'. Id' .ix. acraa de essarto p 
.xxiiij.d. quaf .viij. huit pal suus p tolle 
rancia archid' . t iste sim -j. acra p S. de clai 
p .iiij.d. t .ij. acras p .xij.d. 

Galfr mariot -xvi. acraR p .iij, sol', p omi ser 
vjcio p carta capti. Id' .j. acra 7 .j. mesag p .xii.d. 

Hob' fil' fulcon dim virg p .ij. sol', 1 .vi.d. p 
omi serrico ? .iiij. acras t dim de essar 
to p .xviij.d. 

Godefr fil' Alani -j, virg p .v. sol'. % debi arare q'^li 
bet saisione ,ij. acras. Id', .iij. ac"'9 1 dim p .Kvi.d. 

Galff fil' Odon .j. mesag' p .vi.d. "% .vi. ac'^s de 
assarto vet'i *? novo p .ij. sol'. % .ij. ao""s .j. roda 
min^ p .vij.d. p quieti clamacia difn virg 
q'^m tenuit ad censu . m" tradita est alii ad 
opatoem. li .j. mesag de essarto novo p .R. 
de stapelford p .ij.d. 1 .j. capone . ? p escambio 
t're cuiusda incluse in parco. 
Isti tenent de essarto veteri. 

Johs cii nept« Wimardi tenet diih virg p 
■iij. sol. Id' .iiij. acras 7 .j. roda de essarto p .xvii. 
d. % debet arare .iij. acras p annu .1 semel 
falcare % levare fenu . bis met'e in autup 
no ad pane 1 cervisia. In nathali .ij. galli 
nas. In pascha .sv, ova. Id' tenet .j. rodam 
p .iij. a. p . R. de Stapleford. Id' .iij. rodas p .iij.d. 

Galfr mariot .vi. acras quas emit de bede er 
noldi p .xxv.d. J debet bis met'e in autup 
no t .j. gallina . 7 .vi. ova . falcare J fenu le 
Tare. It .iij. acras de novo essarto p .ij. sot, 
p R. de Stapelford. It parv3 placia p .j. capone. 

Mariota .iij. acras p .xii.d. p . Nichot . Archid'. 

Galfr tropinel .vi. acras 1 dim p .xxvj.d. 


p id' servic • I{ .j. acram t .j. rodam p •zx.d. 11 [Eedblbia.] 

•iij. acras p .xii.d. p cartam capti. 
Hug' bedellus .iiij. acras t diffi p .xviij.d. 

7 p id* servicium. 
Anger^ .xi. acras 7 .j. rodam p .iij. sol' ? .vii-d. 

p prem suQ qui emit ea de h'ede pagani car 

peiitarii p id' serviciu. 
Job fil' WilK .ix. acras p .iij. sol', p id' serviciQ. 

Id' dimid rods p .ij.d. 
Witt fir Baldewini .ij. acras p .viij.d p id' s'vic*. 
Witts Bedellus .vi. acras t .j. rodam p .xxv.d. p id' 

servic' • q^nda Rad cui nd attinet p S. de clay. 
Job' fil' heb'ti .j. acram p .iiij.d. It puu aug 

mentu p .iiij.d. 
Rob' fir eadnidi .j. acr& p .iiij.d. It puum aug 

metum p .j.d. 
Rog' fil' Rob' .iij. acras p .xii.d. 
Godulf^ .V. acras p .xx.d. q^ndam Rob'ti 

.zz.d. & p' 

Witts tropinel .v. acras p >^w omi servic'. It' dim 

rodam p .ij.d. 
Witts fil' Witti .iiij. acras p .xvi.d. 
Kueneva t Edeliiia filie Gilib'ti .iiij. ac'^s p .xvi.d. 
Rob' fil' Ric' Koterel .viij. acras p .xxxij.d. t 

debet metere H pcarias facere. 
J oh' fil' Witti Stiuur .iiij. acras p .xvi.d. 
Cristina relicta Witti fil' Edwardi .vij. acras 

p .XX viij.d. 
Turstanus fil' Semeri iiij. acras p .xvi.d. 
Walt's carpentari^ .iij. acras *t .i. rods p .xiij. 

d. quas emit de Ric' le Cupe. 
Gilib't faber .j. acra J .i. rodam p .v.d. It' 

.ij. acras H dim p .vvd. .x.d. 
Isabella relicta ioh'is fil' Ranulfi .ij. acras t .j. 

roda p .ix.d. It .ij. acras p .viij.d. 
Rad' fil' Witt de crauiSe unS placiS juxta 

parcu p .iij. caponib3. 

BCCbSaiA 8. FAULt LONDIN. A.D. 1223. 

Salfr de fonte .j. acra 1 dim p .vLd. [F 

I Ric de ponte dimid' acra p .ij.d. 
I Rob' 61' Rog'i fil mcatoris .j. acra J dim p -vi.d. 
] It' puum augmtu p j.d. 
I Anger^ fil' Osb'ti .ij. acras p .viij A. de empto pde 

cessoris Geve q illas emit cui^ Hlia ht . IF ortu p .ob. 
f "Wimmer^ fil' pet' .ij. ac'^s p .viij.d . It dim acra p .iiij.d. 
Rob' Gereltiii cu filia Juliane .ij ac'^s p .viij.d. 
Juliana fil' Ailwini .ij, ac'^s p .viij.d. ? puum 

incremtum p .iij. ob'. 
Walt's de la more .iij. ac"'s p .xij.d. qiinda Galff 

plumbarii cui n attinet p Nich' Archid'. 
Witts fil' Godwin! .j. acra ? dim p .vi.d. 
Hug* fil' Hug' brunild -j. quart p .sviij.d. ■? 

.viij. acras p .xxxii.d. It .ij. acras p .viii.d. 

p captm . It .i. acram 1 .j. rod3 *? dimid' p 

.xii.d. p Ric de stapelford. 
Ric fil' hug* .vi. acras 1 dim p .iij. sol'. 
Osb'tus fil' Walt'i .v. acras p .xx.d. It dim acra 

p .viij.d. p Ric de stapelford. 
Simd cult'weg .ij. ac"s p .viij.d. ad que revse Bt . 

Memorand' . juratores debet debet de hoc pleni^ 

inquirere . t certificare capto. 
Job's cu matilde fil' hug' de la more .iij. ac"'s % 

dim p .xiiij.d. II .ij. ac"'s . J .j. roda p .xviij.d. 
Wait's de mora .xiiij, ac""s p ,iiij, sol'. 1 .viij.d. 

q"ndam elvine cui 5 attinet cui^ ingress^ ignorat'. 
Hildemar^ fil' tbeodorici .j. quart p .xviij.d. 1 .iij. 

acras t dim p , xiiij. d. It .j. acram p .iiij.d. 
Walt's de mora diin virg' p .ij. sol". 7 .vi.d. q' earn 

disrationavit cotra Oab'tum in comitatu. 
Wimarch .iij. acras % diin p . xiiij. d. J .iij. rodas 

p .viij.d. p Ric de stapelford. 
Rob' carpent' .i. acra 7 diifi p .vij.d p eund'. 
Anger^ fil' Rob' .j. mesag p .ij.d. p R, 7 T. f'manoB. 
Rad' dudde .j. mesag' p .ij.d. p Ric de Stapelf'. 


Ric karectari^ .j. mesag p .ij.d. p eund'. [BaDBLiiA.] 

Lucas fir psone .j. curtiUag p .vi.d. p eond'. 
Gilib' psbr .j. mesag p .ij.d. p eund'. 
Alditha tropinel .j. platea p .ij.d. p eund'. 
Godefr de tokinton .ij. acras % dim p •xi.d. 

% ob'. p J. de hospital! p carta capti. H dim 

acra p .iii.d. ? ob'. p R. de stapelford. II .iij. ac'^s 

? dim q^ndam Winemeri casan p .xiiij.d. 
Agnes Writele .j. acram p .iiij.d. 
Margareta textrix .j. acram p .iiij.d. 
Wiits fil' Godefr' de fonte .j. rodam p .i-d. 
Walt's de mora dim acra p .ij.d. p J. de hospita 

li % .j. ortum p .j.d. H dim acra c5tra essartu 

Galfridi mariot p .iij.d. 

RoV king .j. rodam p .i.d. 

G eva relicta Witti tikehorn. 

Isti sunt ad operafonem. 

G alf r fiP hamonis tenet dim virg . H debet de 

wdeselver .viij.d. % de maltselv^ .iij.d. H aru 

ram .ix. acraru p annu . ? hciare .iij. acras 

si seminet' ad hciandu in by erne . % ad pea 

rias carucar arabit .j. rodam scit qrta pte 

acre sine cibo . 1 due rode sic arate cdputabQt^ 

integre virgate p .j. ope • ad pascha .xv. ova 

H portare sumagiu .ix. suma^ Lend' . ? co 

putabit' eis p .j. ope .H duas opaooes in ebom'^. 

exceptis festis . J singul' ebdomad' in autup 

no .ij. pcarias. 
Witt abel cu filia Blithewini dim virg p id' serv*. 
Galfr fir Witt de bruera p id. serv dim virg. 
Witts bedellus fiP Ric carpentar dim v«g p id* s'. 
Arnold^ fil' hefeti dim virg* p id' servic*. 
RoV fiP G'mani *? Witts niger dim virg* p ide 

serv J ptea inveniut in autupno .ij. hoies 

ad pcarias pt dcm servic'. 
Q^uor acre de dini virg q^ndS Rob' t Winemi 

ECCLESiai 8. PAUl.1 LUNDl.V 

8ut in dciico . 1 .X. acras de ead' ht hug fil' Gei 


cssarto a 

V. n 


p carta captt ut dicit . It .v. i 

ficienda dim virg p qua reddit .iij, 

.ij. acras p .viij.d. p S. de clay. It .j. acra 7 

diih de gniva p J. de hospitali p .vi.d. 

Geva ma! hugo' .ij. ac'^9 p .ij. sol', p It. de stapelf. 

Rob' fil' eadmudi dim virg p id' servic'. 

Hug' fir ioh' dim virg p id' aervic'. 

Rob' blund^ dim virg p id' servic'. 

Michael fil' Adam dim virg p id' servic". 

Ric fir turstani dim virg p id' servic'. 

Kic' de pote ? hug brunild dim virg p id' serv'. 

Serlo fil' Rob' diffi virg p id' serv', 

Rog fil' rob' diin virg p id servic'. 

Wifts bedellus fil' Rad diin virg p id' serv*. 

Godard^ dim virg p id' serv q^nda Odonis. 

Gilib' fil' Aluredi fabri dim virg p framtis 
curie faciendis . 1 debet arare .iij. acras ad 
unaqmq, seisionc. Id tenet .j. quart p 
de Crsnmcre 

Had' 61' Witt dim virg ejusde s'uicii p .iij, sol'. 
p Rob' serviete Nichol' Archid', 
Isti sunt cotarii. 

Due acre q''iida ailwini St in d'nico 1 una h't Geva. 

Witts fir Baldewini .iij. acras. 

Due acre q°nda Witti sut in manu Simonis 
cultreweg p N. Tmar .7 una inclusa in parco. 

Adam bercari^ .iij. acras q*>ndam Aldive. 
Isti debet singtis diebj lune una opacoeni 
1 portare % fugare porcos lond' . singti debet 
una gallina 1 .iij. ova . p .iij. acris 1 qlibi 
coteria debet met'e dim acra p ope. 

LlnquisHo fSa in manio de Beauchap WiHo 
, de burnhara exiatente firmario. 


Nomina ju^ hoc est v2!d£fm ju^. [Bbauchamf.] 

Ric de prewineshal' -myranium istud defedit se 

Thorn archer. iVl^sas rege p .v. hidis K3 

Ric fir h'eb'ti. ptib3 Vsus decanu t capiin cu 

Witts brunus. op^ fu'it • est au lib'am t q'etu 

Ankitillus. ab omi secta comitat' ? hun 

Rob' fir Wlfruni. dredi ? de similibj q spH&t 

Reginald^ forestar'. in capite ad regS vi bailli 

Henr de sco andr. vos saos. In dnico tS de Wa 

Stouhardus. inagio vet*i q^m de novo 

Edricus. essarto .dc. t .LX.xyi. acre 

Athelstanus. t're arabil' t de prato .xviij. 

Witts de Grenestede. acre % de pastura .iriij. ac'^s. 

"2 in magno bosco bn vestito quiquies .xx^. ac*. 

J in duab} gravis dorile t langele .xvi. acre. 
H in dnico est unu molend' ad ventu q'd pot' 

poni ad firmam p .i, marc deductis expesis . Di 

cut ecia q^d Wainagiu pot* fieri cu .iiij. cam 

CIS .X. capita in qualibt H duobj h'ciatorib^. 

possut ibi ee in instauro .iiij. vacce t .c. oves. 
17 juratores dicut q°d roanium istud melio 

ratu . e • ?pe Witti firmar in Iris marlatis H 

similib} novis domib} ad suma .xviij. lib^ 

% dicut qod Ire tradite utiPr ? ad coniodum 

capti Lond' tradite sunt. 

Isti tenent de dominico. 

Ric de prewineshal' .xxx. acras in escarabiu .xxx. 

acraru q sunt in dnio de Wluinedoii • Id .j. 

mora .iij. acrar p .xiiij.d. Id' in northale 

.ij. acras de pastura p .viij.d. 
Sawalus textor .ij. ac'^s p .xvi.d. scil' Stawinesldd. 
Gilib' fil' thofh dim virg p .iiij. sol*. Id' .v. ac***s p 

•xvi.d. n una acra ? dim p .vi.d. de for 

land % postqm Ira sua fuit mesurata aug 

metat' est census ad .x.d. fl pmissa. 
Ric' fil' rog .i. acram p .iiij.d. Id' pastura p .viij.d. 


ra.TXiJtTLONDlN. A.D. 1222. 

Mabilia relicta Ric ru£ .j. acmm f [Bbadcbai 

Witts fil' Ric .V. acraa in Steringe p .xiij.d. Id' .v. ao"'8 

in bradefeld p .XT.d. 1 ob'. Ide .v, acras in Wlme 

reslond p .xvi.d. 
Rob' fU' Wkuruni .j. acrara p .iij.d. Id' -iij. rodaa p 

.ij.d. ultimu no eat de dnico. 
Roeisia relicta Regioaldi .v. acras 1! .iij. rodas p .xxiij. 

d. Id' q'ndam pastura p .v.d. 
Job's pellipari^ .j. acram p .iiij.d. 
Rob' de westende dim acram in augihtu t're p . W, 

firmariu cu t'ra qiindam Lamb'ti. 
Ric fil' heb'ti .j. acra 1 -iij. rodas de pastura p .vij.d. 
Rob' bumevitt .ij. acras p .xij.d. 
Henr' duk -j, croftam p .xii.d. 
Witts fil' absolon .xxv. acras p .v. sol'. J .vi.d. quas 

tenuit Rand pposit^. Id .j. acram 7 .j. rodam p .v. 

d. Id h't ingreasu p Basilia relicta Wifii fil' Wluru 

f p Gerard' q^ndam extraneij qui ea dux vidua. 
Giiib' faber .v, acras p .xx.d. quas tenuit alanus 

fir algari . no reddit denar set facit ferra curie 

p illis t p .X. acria opariis. 
Relicta rad' 1 rob' livingi .j. acra in augintum 

fre q»s tenuerut Godwin^ 1 thedric^. 
Rob' de langetoth .v. acras p .xvi.d. "l pastura p .vi.d. 
Gilib' le suir .j. acra in augffitum t're 1 opatur 

quociescunq, op^ fu'it in curia singut dieb^ p ob' . J cdredio. 
Henf fit' Rad' .j. acra in augfntum t're. 
Rob' fil" Stonhard .ij. ac"'s in colecroft 1 opatur. 
Witts brunus aspeheg scil' .iiij. ac'^s p .iiij.d. 1 

stratam p -vi.d. 
Rog fir Goldstoni .iiij. ac""a p .xvi.d J . una pastu 

ram p .vi.d. 

ilib' de toddesho .ij. acras p .viij.d. q»s tenuit 

hereve® t una pastura p .vi.d. 
Rog' fil Aluredi .j. acra J dini p .vij.d, 

Witts fil' Rob' holemad p .xij.d. 


Roesia relicta reginaldi de bosco .j. roda p'^ti p .ij.d. [Bbauchamp.] 
Cecilia relicta alani chanterel .v. acras p .xx.d. 

quas tenuit hug de bosco. 
Rob* fir leufrici textoris .j. mesag p .iiij.d. J pa 

stura p .viij.d. q'^m tenuit Gladewinus. 
Qladewin^ fil' Wlwiniman .j. mesag p .vi.d. 
Philipp^ .j. fnesag p .ij.d. ob'. q^d tenuit Godhuge. 
Joh^ de roeandon dim acra sn Svic'o 7 dubitat^*. 
Witts de runewell .j. acra *? .j. roda p'^ti p .xij.d. 
Maurici^ egelini .iij. ac'^'s p .xii.d. q'^s tenuit Salomd. 
Hen? de sco andrea .ij. acras p .x.d. 
Matitt relicta philippi lamb .ij. ac'^'s p .viij.d. 
Witts de brenestede .iij. acras p .xij.d. q^ndam 

Rob' ruffi cui n attinet p W. firmar 
Ric de pitewineshal' .j. mesag p .vi.d. p W. firmar. 
Ric' fir Rad' divitis .j. acra t dim p .viij.d. 
Thorn archari^ .v. ac'^s p .xvij.d. quas tenuit 

Rob' Godhuge % fuit oparia. 
Alicia relicta ailwardi .j. mesag p .xij.d. 
Fulco de vallib} .ij. ac'*^s de novo essarto p 

.viij.d. p Alardu decanu firmar. 

p* .xii.d*. 

Witts brun^ .iij. ac"^8 de novo -a. p eund*. 
Witts Carpentaria .j. acra p .viij.d. p W. firmar 
Henr pictor .j. mesag p .vi.d. p Alard' decan f»mar. 

Isti sunt libere tenentes. 
Ric de pitewineshal' circit' .l. ac""s p xiij. sol'- Ide 

Garle *? Bradefeld circit"^ .xxx. ac""8 p .iiij. sol*. 
Id' Wlmeslond .xv. ac'^s p .iiij. sol'. Id' Edmeslond 

.XV. ac**"s p .iiij. sol'. Id' edricheslond .x. ac""s p .ij. 

sol*. Id' .ij. ac^'s in halk p .ij.d. Id' Wlueuelond 

.j. virg "Z dim p .xij. sol'. 
Job's de meandoii .ij. virg p .xx. sol*. 
Ric fil' Rogi dim virg p .iiij. sol', q^nda abelote 

cui n5 attinet p W. firmar. 
Thorn arkari^ .iiij. virg p .xxviij. sol', t de 

bet facere sectam sire % hundredi. 



Rog' curtpeil .xv. acras p jiij. sol'. 

Witt's brun' .ij. virg *? -v. acras p .xx. sol'. 1 .vii.d. 

p carta capti quas tenuit Hug Wind, 
Basilia vidua tenet t'ciam ptem eiusde tre q de 

bet revti ad ipm Wiftm ea defiJcta sub s'vico 

.XX. sol'. 1 .vii. sol', sic carta ipsius testat'. 
Maurici^ egelini dim virg qm tenuit Hug 

Wind p .iiij sol'. 1 ,i.d- cui^ medietate Basilia 

disrationavit % tenuit ? defedit vsus diini 

tpe inquisitonis . Id' maurici* alia dim virg 

qordam hug p denar set m" opatur. 
Rob' de langetote -x. acras p .xxxii.d. 
Wilts fir Rob' .j. virg p .viij. sol'. 
Gladewin^ fil' Wlwini .x. acras p .xxxij.d. t .vij. 

acs J dim p .ij. sol'. % metit .j. acra fmmti 

in autupno ad cihu sun ppiuni. 
Liefric^ .vij. acs 1 diih p .ij. sol'. J metit .j. acra 

code m" quo Gladewinus. 
Beat's ancelini .j. virg p .viij. sol', p firniar. 
Cecilia relicta alani chant'el .vij. acs 1! dim p 

.xxv.d. ob. qs tenuit hug de bosco. 
Asketillus .j, virg . cui^ medietas fuit oparia. 

medietas ad censu . m" reddit .viij. sol', p Hie 

ruffu . Id' .vi. acs p .xxviij.d. 
Witts fir absolon .v. acs p .xvi.d. 
Matilt relicta philippi de lamb .viij. acs 7 

dim p .ij. sol'. 1 metit .j. acra ut Gladewin^ p R. ru 
Ric fir h'eb'ti dim virg p .iiij. sol', p eund'. 
Ric canonic^ .xxij. acs 1 difii p .vi. sol'. 
Witts de runewell .x. acras p .xxxij.d. q"s 

tenuer't Witts fevers 1 Guiiilda uxor Alwini. 
Gilib' le suir .v. ac"'s 

: morel -v 

cilia relicta Gilib' carpetaf 

's Witts lace. 

Gilib' trippe .vij. acs t diiii p .xviij.d 
metet aicut Gladewinus. 


Ric fil' Witti molendinar diffi virg p .iiij.8. .iij-d. [Bbauchamp.] 

Rob' piver .y. acras p .xvi.d. 
Gilib' fil' thorn .j. strati p .v.d. 
Rob' fil' Wlurun dim virg p .iiij. soP. p R. ruff. 
Witts fil' lamb'ti • dim virg p jiij. sot. 
Oms isti lib'e tenentes metut t arant ad p 
carias dni % ad cibum ei^ sine forisfco. 

Isti tenent tras operarias. 

Rob' piver dim virgatam. 
Job' de Wicham dini virg q^ra tenuit stdhard. 
H enr duk dim virg. 
AsketiUus dim virg qOndam rad* fiP Ailina 

ri q^ damnit^ fuit pp{ morte hois. 
Witts fil' Ric dim virg. 
Basilia fil' lamb'ti dim virg q*m tenuit 

Lamb'tus fil' Ailinari. 
Rob' fiP Wlurini dim virg. 
Samann^ fil' Wlurini dim virg. 
Roesia relicta Reginaldi dim virg. 
Alicia relicta lamb'ti dim virg. 
Ric fil' Rob' dim virg. 
Witts de runewell dim virg q fuit oparia 

m® reddet .vi. sol' .iiij.d. 
Witt tumator fil' Rob' dim virg. 
Maurici^ egelini dim virg p A. decanu. 
Walt's travers dim virg q«m hiiit Witts tra 

vers p Wittm firmar s; Witts travs q' ea 

adq^sivit escaeta tpe Ric ruffi ea reddidit. 
Alicia relicta Witti de Waletufi dim virg de 

ead' t'ra Witti travers p .iiij. sol'. 7 .iij.d. 
I star trarum opar singte virgate debeiit 

.iij. opac in qualib} septim a festo sci mi 

chaeF usc^ ad vincta cu cremto inPiori. 

t sciend' q'd a festo sci michaet usq^ ad 

Nathat deb^t arare .vi. acras ad cibu 

8uu pp^um *t una dimid' ad cibu dni. 



a Nathal' uaq, ad .xij. septim an pa'cha . [B«au 

debet .iiij. opac . in ebdomada . t una jScaria 

q dicitur hh ad cibum dni . 1 ee quiet^ ab ope. 

a pascha usq, ad . xij. septim an festu sci pet' ad 

vincta .iiij. opac in ebdom'^. Deinde usq, ad vi 

cula .iij. opac ? .vi. acras de arura. Deinde ust^ 

ad festum sci michaet .viij. opac in ebdom"". Si 

featum diebs opariis supvenit q'eti 5t ah ope 

"t avant quoties op^ fu'it p ope diurno si p 

tutii diem abest in avagio ex necessitate % p 

seqntera nocte. Singte virgate debet p annu 

de landgable .xv.d. 1 debent de Gavelsed .iij. 

msuras quaf .vii. facinnt nisura de Colcestr. 

t ea die q" portant erut quiete de opac 1 ad 

Nathal' debent .iij. gallinas 1 gallu. Ad pas 

cha .xM. ova . 1 .v\A. de nialtselv' % erut 

quieti de .xii. opac J debet pannagiu 1 

quieti sut ab ope in ebdom*^ pasch'. Nathal'. Penf. 

Iiiquisito Ra in maiiio de Wicha Ri? de sta 

pelford existete firmar . hoc estvedcm iurato^. 

NoVa juratO£. 
Witts forestarius 
Simo 61' Wilti 
Colemann^ de strata. 
Ailmar' fil' Aldredi. 
Witts de fraxino. 

bailUvos. In diiico sunt .i 

Wanium istud defe 
dit se vsus regc p 
trib) hidis .xxx". acria min' 
°i est lib'um f quietu ab 
omi secta coraitat'' J hu 
dredi 1 alios q spectant 
ad rege in capite vl suob 
;. acre t're arabiUs 


f .T. acre prati . In parco claiiso Bt .C. acre de bof 
CO bii veatito . % extra parcu de boaco foriseco 
circit' ,Lx, acre .1 possunt ee in -stauro sexcies 
vigiti ovea 1 .iiij. vacce . Ite est in diiico unii 
molendiii ad ventuq^d fecit Ric 6rmarius. 
t pot' poni ad firmS p .xviij. sol', salvo 
cuataihto . Wainagiii curie pot' fieri cu du 
ab} canicis .xvi. capitii cu cosuetudinib^ villale 


Dicunt qM en^datum est manium a tpe q® cepit [Wicham.] 

Ric ee firmari^ in Iris mariatis . boscis . clausis . 

fossatis . % novis domibj ad suma .xx. mar 

ca^ pf molendiii q^d supius notatum est 

Nemora eiusde vUle peiorata 8t a tpe eiusd^ 

ad summa .x. marcarum. 
Memorand' qd molendinu pdcm *i dom^ 

curie costructe sut de bosco in eade villa. 
^. De dimidi' virg q'^m tenet ecctia .viii-d. reddut' 
*. Galfr fil' Witti tenet dimidia virgata p .iii. sol*. 

Isti tenent ad operationem. 

Petr^ 6V herewardi .j. virg fre ? .iiij. acras 

p .iiij. soP. "Z .i.d. ? opabitur singtis .xv. 

dieb} .iij. opatoes n^ festum cotigit die op 

abili . 1 arabit a festo sci michaeF us% ad 

Nathai .iij. acras . *{ quelibet acra c6pu 

tib"'' p .iiij. opac • seminabit H hciabit 

t a purificatoe usq^ ad pascha q^libet 

mese una acra . ? p dimid* mese si ita 

cotigerit dimid^ acra . "Z pf hac hciabit 

in .XL*. denS acram p uno ope . *i plea ve 

niet ad una pcariam hciaj^ sine cibo do 

mini . set hebit tres pugillatas avene 

ad equu suu . H Warectabit dimid' acra 

an ad vincta . ? erit quiet^ ab opac sepf an 

ad vincia . ? vigilabit circa curia dni 

una nocte Nath . ad cibu dni • % lavabit 

? tondebit oves . 1! dat una gallina ad 

Nath. 1 .xxiiij. ova ad pascha . facit 

.xii. averagia firmtu^ p annQ • "Z p quolibt ave 

ragio quiet^ erit ab una opac 1 dat p in 

tegra virgata .vi.d. de maltselver. 
Henr fil' Wiiti sigar .j. virg p .xLiiij.d. % 

facit pdcas opac . ? .vi. averagia . ? dat 

•XL. ova. 

Walt Aldredi dim virg p •viij.d. q**nda 

Alrici cui ii attinet p Walkelinu f>mar. 

TXONDIN. A.D. 1222. 

1 facit opac *? avagia sic p dim virg 


Ro| de bosco dim virg .tM. acras q^nda 
turstani cui no attinet p Ric firmar ppt 

pauptate tlrdis p .xx.d. '? fac opac f ave 

ragia sic p dimid' virgata. 
Steph's fil' ailmari dim virg . f .i. acra p .ix. 

d. q^ndam Witti de Netherstrete cui no at 

tinet p Ric firma? ? opatur ut sup"". 
Dimid' virgata q°ndam Wlgari q reddit 

.viii.d. J opac supradcas fuit in manu 

firmarii tpe inquisitonis . medietas p 

modu tradila est Walt'o fil' Rad'. 
Colema fil' Aldredi dim virg p .viii.d. 
I ■? p id' serviciu . Id' dim acra p .vi.d. 
^ 1 .j. gallina t .j. ovo. 
Galfr fil' pet" diin virg p .viij.d. % p p'dca opa. 
Henr heilok fil' Willi heilok dim virg q|j. 

p .viii.d. J p p'dca opa . Id' .iij. ac"'s p .ij. soccis. 
Ailmar^ fil' Aildredi dim virg p .viij.d. 

1 p predca opa q^ndam ailwini cui no 

attinet p Walkelinu firmar. 
Witts coc^ 1 Joh'a herde dim virg p .viij.d. 

J p sup"'dca opa q''ndam Ailwini 1 Rad' 

quib3 no atti;.et p Wiftm firmar. 
Hug de boline 1 Rad' le herde difh virg 

p .viij.d. 1 p pdca opa q°ndam Ailwini 

Radulfi "i Wal!i. 
Hug Godma 1 Rad' le herde dim virg 

p .viij.d. °t p id' servic. 
Witts cticus dim virg p .viij.d. 1 p pdcas 

opac. cui^ medietas q^ndam Aldredi t 

alt'a herewardi *? Alurici quib3 no 

attinet p Ric firmar. 
Simo fir Witt dim virg q°ndam Rob'ti 

Akermaiii p .viiij.d. 7 p pdca opa .1 ei 


n attinet p Wiittn firmar. [Wicham.] 

Witts de fraxino .v. acras p .ix.d. ? dat .j. 

gallina . 7 .v. ova . 7 seq""r una pcaria . 1 

invenit .j. homine ad fenu. 
M&tildis fil' Gerardi .ij. acras p .viii.d. t 

metit duas ac'^s ad cibum dni . % dat .j. gal 

Una • ? .ij. ova . ? adjuvat ad fenu. 
Galfr fir Rad' pmtar .iij. acras p .xvij.d. 

? metit ut pxira^ sup .*? .j. gallina . *? .v. ova. 

Id' .j. acra p uno socco. 
Alicia fir Rad' textoris .iiij. acras p .xv.d. 

? facit .ij. averagia *? dat .j. gallini "Z .v. 

ova . *? seqr .j. pcariam. 
Witts forestari^ .xv. acras p .xxxiiij.d. ? 

metit .ij. acras .? invenit .ij. homies ad 

duas magnas pcarias ,^ .ij. gallinas 

? .ix. ova . Id' .iij. ac""s p .vi.d. de fra Galfr fil' pet>. 
Aluric^ carpetarius .ij. ac"^s p .xii.d. 7 .i. gal 

lina ."Z .v. ova . "Z .j. homine ad pcarias. 
Witts de fraxino .vij. acras p .xiiij.d. *? .j. 

gallina • ? .vi. ova . ? .j. homine ad pear. 

Machilda serreue .j. acra... t ^ j 

.,..-,, •* Iste due sineu 

Alicia hubbe .j. acram ° 

lis dieb} lune faciunt .ij. opac . 1 dat .ij. gal 

linas p annu *? .iiij. ova . *Z sequnf pear. 
In dnico St .vi. acre q^^ndam alurici copu 

tate in dnico sup"". 
Isabella soror templar .j. acra p .ij.d. ? 

facit id' serviciu q'd due predce. 
Rad' fir pet' .j. mesag' p .ij.d. . *? .i. gallina 

1 .j. ovo. Albreda .j. mesag' p .i. socco .7 .i. gallia . 7 .li. ovis. 
Roesia .j. mesag' p ide serviciu. 
Suma cu den de maltselv .xxxv. soP. .vij.d. 

Tenentes tram de essarto assisam tempore 

Ric firmar. 
Rob' de bosco .xLviij. acras J dim p .x. sol'. 



f cartam capitli. 

Juliana vidua .iij, acras p .iij. i 

Witts forestari^ .iiij. acras p .xxiij.d. 

Martinus ,j. rodam p .iij.d. 

Wlvin^ faber -j. roda p .ij.d. 

Beat'x vidua dim acra p .v.d. cli fabro. 
Sim de latye dim virg Ire p .ix. sol', .v.d. 

Witts de frasino .iiij. acras p . ij, sol". 

Galfr .j. rodam p .vi.d. 

Witts fir pet' dim acra p .viij.d. 

Maurici^ J mcator dim acra p .sii.d. 

Ric de bosco .v. acras p .iij. sol', .iiij.d. 

Aluric^ .j. rodam p .iij.d. 

Alicia relicta templar ,iij. ac""s , 1 ,j. mesag p P g jj 
.ij. sol'. J .ij.d. % p' decessu ei^ Wait's fil'Rad'. 

Galfr le herde puij ortum p j.d. 

Rikelot .j. rodam p .iiij.d. 

Rog de bosco dim acra p .iij.d. *^ "'"^e- 

Ailric^ .j. acram p .ix.d. « to ' "^ ., 

Juliana de bosco .i. acra p .xii.d. u -Pi. '£ . 

Witts ctlcus .iij. acras p .ii. sol". :=> q. ^ a'-t'o- 

Ailida relicta hamonis q^ndam ortu p .viij.d. ^ ^3 ' 

Reginald^ fil' Witti .vi. acras p .ij. sol'. c I ^ ''^ "^ nj ^ °*'"' t^ % * 

H enf sigar q^ndam ortum p j.d. f ^ j^ -^ ^ ■- -^ § S 1 " S 

Witts fir job'. iij. acras p .xij.d. S«Sp.^o^3'^* •'.'■=''> 

Suma .XLiij. sol'. 1 .iij.d. ^ ^o ""i* £ l>" -A a -S" > "^ *! "« 

Suma aume toti^ reddit^ cQ .xviij. sol', de mole Ji . "g f "^ Ji-.^^v'Sco^B 
dino .iiij. lib? .xvi. sol', t ,x.d. !§ -^ 3 '^na -^ o S ^ 3 *^ ,2 

E t dicut juratores q'd Ire iate utilr 1 ad como ^ S « Z"^ "^ g 'I 2 := '^ 
da ecctie sci pauli tradite sunt. « to ia .SP-o .3 *" ** '*' '" ^2 

Memorand' q'd tota villata debet panagiu g g S?'1'^'°'^5.5 " | 

fodere tram ad linu . ? Hnu coUig'e 1 . i aq"" J 'm^ g &£ £ '= ^ .g ''■ | 
mitte .? extrahere .1 ad domu portare .? nuces "-sW-sK^S^KOO — 

coUige p tres dies festos de singut domib; ' 

singioa homles . 1 offia qui tenet tras opa ccordat cu al' 

rias debet falcare p""tum si dns volilit . 1 . si 



falcent debt quisq^ falcanciu hre pane 

7 dim ^ unu caseu in comuni 7 multo {sic) 

tone bonum. inquisitio facta in halemoto de 
Thorp Witto de Buma existente firmario. 
Nomina juratoj^ Hoc vedSm iurato^. 

Rad* fil' Steph'i -Bjranium de edulues 

Andr fiF Steph'i iUnasse defendit se 

Job's fiP ctici p .xxvij. hidis cu duab^ 

Rob' fil' sagari hidis ^ dimid de p'ben 

Henic^ de hida da de sneting' sic olim 

Hamelin^ palmari^ fuit J est lib'm J quietu 

Will's de la done ab omi secta comitat^ 

Aluric^ de la WMegate *? hundredi ? aliox que 

sp<^nt ad regem i capite vt baillivos suos. 
In dnico sut apd torp circiter novies .xx^^ ac^ 
de t'ra arabili • 7 possunt ibid* ee in stauro 
•c. oves ? .vi. vacce ex"" parcu . Wainnagiu 
pof fieri ibid' cu una caruca .x. capitum 
cum c5suetudinib3 eiusde villate. 
Dicut ecia isti q'd emendaco domoj^ i curia 
J parci clausi est ad valecia .iij. marc t dim. 

Isti tenant de dominico. 
Hamudus t eilmar^ nepotes henr tenet .xv. 

acras p .xx.d 7 .ij. acras 7 dim p .iij. ob'. 

Id' una roda in escambiu t're sue p via sua 

inclusa in parco. 
Job's ? ioh's .X. acras quonda Willi fil* Oodive 

p .xii.d. 
Mabilia relicta WalQ fabri .ij. acras p .ij.d. 

eade .vij. acras p .xvi.d. eade .viij ac'^s 

p ferrametis curie sustinedis. 
Godwinus fil' Willi .ij. acras p .ij.d. 
H ub'tus de Grava .v. acras p .v.d. 
Rad' fil' Steph'i situm uni^ moledini p .ij. sol'. 

apd landim p Alardii decantu 
Job's forman .v. acras p .j. opatone q'^libet 


1 dns 

aep? 1 averat Lond' ad cibu dni 

jubet . ? 81 p ebdomada abest quiet^ erit 

ab una ogac sin an opabif. 1 fure cap 

tu in curia custodiet *? iudtcatu suspen 

det . t sparget fenu ad cibum diii. 
Thoin fil' emme .viii. acras de forland p 

.Hi. opac singlis .xv. diebj .^ p id' servic" 

qM ioVa forman p firmarios. 
Ediths vidua relicta turb'ti .v. acras de 

forland p id' servic' q'd ioh's . ead' .i. roda 

prati p uno mallardo . ead' tenet .viii. 

acras p .xvi.d. q°ndam liveve cui fi atti 

net p Alardu decanu . ead' .xv, ac"'s p .xvi.d. 
Adreas 61' steph'i .v. acras de forland p 

Alardu decanu q''ndam ioh'is sac'dotis p id' s'vic*. 
Rad* £1' fulconis acra "i dim p .iiij.d. 
Adr fil steph'i .v. acras p .viii.d. de dono 

steph'i pris sui . qui illas huit p VmaS. 
Witts fir hereward .viij. acras p .xij.d 
Job's fir Wiberni .iiij. acras p .iiij.d. 
Turb'tus fil' Godrici acra t diin q°ndam 

alurici 1 briani p metcdis .iiij. acris. 
Tbom ridel .xiij. acras p .ij. sol', p Alard' decaii f^. 
Steph's fil' turb'ti .viij. ac'^s p .xvi.d. 
Rob' fil' sagari .j. curtillag' p .j.d. 
Heremann^ Wrench .v, ac'^s p .x.d. Ide .iij. 

acras p .vi.d. 
Thoiii de torp .v. acras q^ndam hug" cotere 

p .ij.d. p Alardu decanu. 
Id' tbom fil' Godrici .v. acras qondam briani 

in bancroft cui no attinet p .vi.d. p eund'. 
Id' .xii. acras p .xii.d. Id' tenet .v. acras p 

.xiiij.d. Id' .ij. acras p .ij.d. Id' tenet .viii. 

icras p .xii.d. Id' t'ram Erunch . sci) .v. ac'^s 

Idem .■ 

a p .vi.d. Id' .i. acra p -ij.d. 

Serrasi^ fil' hamelini .i. acra p .v.d. Id' .x. ac^ p .x.d. 


Job' fiF Wifti ctici dim acra p .ij.d. [Thokf.] 

Rad de lendimare .xij. acras p .xij.d. 

Rog' de stigel .v. acras p .v.d. 

Herevic^ fiP Oodemar .ij. ac""8 *? dim p -ij-d. ob*. 

Rad' de ecciia cum filia estrilde .v. acras p .v.d. 

Hug spendluve .v. acras p .xvi.d. q<>nda alueue. 

Alicia hemingi .j. mesagiu. 

Gunilda relicta thorn pott'e .j. mesag. 

Hereuic^ fil' Wlurici .j. mesag' p .ij.d, 

Witts briani .j. mesag'. 

Hug king .j. mesag'. Id' aliud mesag' q^'nda ediue. 

Rob' fil' hereuici .j. mesag. 

Isti .vij. predci faciut .iiij. opac semp in 

alio sabbato exceptis .iij. Sep{. Nath'. pasch'. 

1 pentec . si sabb'm opabile cotingat in ill'. 

*? tondet agnos . ? metut insimul .vi. ac'^s. 

% levant fenu . 1 sarculat de quolibet 

mesagio unus h'o ter usq} ad t'ciam. 
Simo de sneting' .v. acras q^ndam Ailmari 

cui no attinet p .vi.d. p Ric' rufiu. 
Ric' fir Ailmari .iiij. acras p iiii.d. 
J^stina filia Aug^tini psb'ri dim acra p .ij.d. 

qondam ioh'is p'sb'ri p Ric' ruflFii. 

Isti tenent de essarto. 

Andr fil' steph'i .viij. acras p .viij.d. q<>nda 

briani cui n attinet. Id' .xij. acras p .xij.d. 

qondam joh'is sac'dotis cui no attinet. 
Thom fil' Qodrici .xxij. acras p .xxij.d. c^ 

medietas q^ndam steph'i cui no attinet 

set bet cam p Ric' firmar. 
Steph's cu filia Godwini .j. acra p .ij.d. 
Heremann^ Wrench .xviij. ac% p .xviij.d. 
Hermudus bludus .j. rodam p .ij. gallinis 

vi .j.d. sic' firmarius volu'it 
Rad' fil' steph'i .xvi. acras p .xviut. 
Ric' fil' Godwini .j. curtilag' p .i.d. 


EmRia fil' steph'i -j. curtillag* p .i.d. 

^Rad' fil' steph'i .xuiij. ac'^a p .v. sol', g alard decan, 
Isti sunt hydarii de torph. 
Witts Geldeford cu relicta Ric fil' Alueae tenet 
dimid' liidam p ,x. sol', p oiiii Suico ab atiq° sic dicfit. 
(f Rad' de landuner fil' Ric .j. hidam. 
)]" Rad' fil' steph'i .xx. acras q''nda Brichteve c' n attini. 
Godricus fil' edrici .x. acras. 

Rog's 1 Brianus .xxx. ac"'s q''nda Alueue 1 edrici, 
Andr fil' steph'i dimid' hidam. 
JT Ric 1 Walt's 1 Rog's .xxx. acraa. 
Hamiidus blund^ .xxx. acras. 
Emma .sv, acras q°iidam Godwini duk c' nH 

attinet . tenet tn de empto sic' df . 

Ric fil' lieueue .xv. acras. 

Justina neptis ioh'ls sac'dotis .v. ac'^s p alard' dec'. 
Hermann^ Wrench ,v. acras. 
Rob' demon .vii, ac"'s t dim. 
Sinio de sneting .v, ac'^s q°ndam Ailniari c' no 

attinet . s} emit p Ric ruffii. 
Turb'tuB fil' Godrici .vii. ac""s 1 dim. 
JfRog's Batz J Gerarddus ,xxx. acras. 
Rob' fil' edive If Witts fr eius .xxx, ac"'s. 
Gerard^ Ailmar' 1 aimudus fil' martini .xx. nc"s. 
Hug* fir Rob' .XX. acras. 
Witts de la dune .xx. acras q^nda Godrici. 
Rad' fil' steph'i .xxx. acras q°nda ednothi cui 

n attinet p Ric ruffu. 
Rob' sagari 1 Rosanna relicta fris sui .xxx. ac"9. 
Joh' fil' Wiberni .xx. acras, 
Ric sarp cu relicta Jussel .xv, ac"~s. 
Steph's de bancroft cu filia Godwini .xxv. ac' s. 
Jf Rad' fil* aimund .xx. ac"'s. 
Hug" de campo .x. ac'^s. 

Baled cii 

lefwardi , 
hamelini .: 


Rad' fir Ric .v. acras. [TnoaF.] 

Emma relicta hereuei fiP edive .v. acras. 
Thorn fiF emme .v. acras. 
Hug' de campo fil' Ailmari .v. acras. 
jfHereueus fil' Godermanni .xlv. ac'^s. 
Thoift fir emme .xv. ac"^s. 
Hemming fuUo .xv. acras. 
Rad' de ecctia .xx. acras. 
Hug de campo .x. acras. 
Thofii fir steph*i .xv. ac^'s q**ndam sailde. 
jf Godwinus fil' Witti .xx. acras. 
Hamelin^ cu filia ade textoris .xx. ac'^s. 
Hamo campe cu filia Willi koter .xx. ac'^s. 
Alaric^ fili^ turkilli . % Rad' fil' fulcois .xxx. ac'*^s. 
Hamelin^ *? Juliana .xxx. ac'^s q^nda staburge. 
JI'Ric' Guldenheued dim hidam. 
Ric' fir Ailmari .xx. acras. 
Thorn fir emme .xx. acras. 
Hub'tus de Grava .x. ac*^s. 
Rob' Wlgor .X. ac""8 p Alard' decanu. 
jfEditha relicta turb'ti .xv. ac""s. 
Rad' fiP steph'i .xv. ac"^s. 
Witts Geldeford .xv. ac""s. cu herede Ric. 
Saledus cu relicta Ric .v. ac'^s. 
Mabilia relicta Walt^i fabri .v. ac"'s. 
H amelin^ ? Juliana .v. ac'^s q^nda stanburg. 
Joh* fir Wifti ctici .xxx. acras. 
Suma reddit^ de torp .xLix. sol^. H .ix.d. 
Quelibet istar hidar debet arare .viii. acras. 
.iiij. in hyeme ? .iiij in .xl». 1 simitr her 
ciare "} seminare de semine dni . a pentec' 
quelibt dom^ de hida debet ter sarciare . *? 
metere .iiij. acras .ij. de siligine ? .ij. de or 
deo ? avena . ? .j. carru cu duob} hominib^ 
ad portandu duru blad' . % aliud ad por 
tandu molle blad' J . utruque plaustrum 



hebit .j. garbam. Quelibi dom^ de hida de 
bet tnetere .iii. dimid' acras. Quelibt dom® 
de hida debet pstare -j. hominc ust^ ad t'cia 
ad metendu si quid remaserit . Quelibt 
dom* de hida 1 de diiio assiso debet pstare va 
lenciore homine que ht ad pcarias dni in 
autupno ad cibum dni bis in die. 0ms V 
homies 1 hide '? dnii debet pstare carucas 
suas ad pcarias diii ad cibu dni 1 q'libi 
hida debet v'berare seme ad seminadas 
.iiij. acraa p^ festu sci miohael'. Oiiis hide isle 
debent v'berare tm seme qM su6Gciat ad 
totii dnium uni^ caruce in hieme t in .xi.". 
1 qlib? dom^ toti* ville debi gallina ad 
nathal' % ad pascha ova . Iste .x. hide debet 
reficere 1 refectas coservare istas domos 
in daico . acil' Gragiam . boveria t bate 
riam. Quelibi istar hidaf debi duas dod 
das avene in medio marcio . ? ad mesci 
gam .xiiij. panes t qucHbi capana^pu. 
Quelibet hida debi .v. sol', p annu . T-q'iibT 
hida debet facere de bosco dni .iiiJ. cleras ad 
faldam de virgia. 

Isti sunt hydarii de kirkebi. 
Lucia fiUa edwine tenet .sxx. acras. 
Rob' fil' lucie .1 h'eward^ fil Gunnore .xxx. 

acras q°ndam ailmari . It id* rob' .xv. ac" s 

quondam Gunnore. 
Oger^ fil' Wib'm ,xxx. acras q°ndam aldinc 

cui fi attinet set emit. 
Galfr' fil' Rad' .xv. acras. 
'Bavai* herward .xx. acras q°nda Wluuardi 
' cui no attinet set emit. 
Rob' fil' lucie .xx. acras. 
Job's fir david .xv. acras. 
Hereward^ fil' eudnnis .xl. ucras. 


I d' .XV. acras qondam alicie. [KimKBBT.] 

Rob' cticus .V. acras. 

Alicia herewardi .v. acras. 
jfHug fil' erneburge .xlv. acras. 

Steph's fir turb'ti .v. acras. 

Damian^ 1 Rob' filii h^ewardi .lzx. acras. 
JT Steph's 6V turb'ti .xxx. acras q^nda Wlwardi 
cui no attinet set emit. 

Ediva relicta ailmari .xxx. acras. 

Thorn de la hathe .lx. acras. 
IT Thorn de la hathe .xv. acras. 

Edward^ de la dale .xxxv. acras. 

Editha relicta Witti .xl. acras. 

Ric % Job's fil' Godwini .xv. acras. 

Suenilda relicta Galfr .xv, ac"^8 q®nda Wigori. 
JT Job's psbr fil' Augustini .lx. acras invetas in 
manu sua Ipe Rob' decani . h tn h'editarie 
% eod' m^ dimissas ad vitam suam p eund' "} ca 
pitim salvo jure cuiuslibt. 

Turstan^ fil' ailmari .lx. acras. 
jf Lucas de la hathe .xxx. acras. 

Rob' cticus .xxx. acras. 

Sim fil' steph's *? Rob' avuncl' suus .lx. ac'^'s. 
jf Ogerus fir steph'i .xv. acras. 

Rob' savarus ? thorn de slo .xlv. acras. 

Thom fil' Ric .xxx. acras. 

Rob' ailmar^ *? alured^ .xv. acras. 

Ailmar^ fil' herevici .xv. acras. 
jf Adam fil' Rob'ti .x. acras . q^ndam Ric fil' sawini 
cui n attinet p Alard* dec' . J W. firmar. 

Alicia relicta Gilib'ti .l. acras. 
JT Thom aug^tini .xv. ac""s q^nda Ric cui n attinet. 

Gerard^ cuherde .xv. ac'^s q**nda Godithe cui ii attinet. 

Alicia relicta herewardi .xl. acras. 

Witts savarus et Rob' fil' Dring .vii. ac""s *? dimid'. 
Job's fil' Godwin] .XLii. ac'^s 7 dimid'. 

KCOL.BfllJK 8. FAULl LONDIN. A.D. 1222. 


tenent ad denaj. 
fil' savarici -lx. acras p -x. 
V8U8 regem cu 

sol', f defedit 

Witts augustin^ ^ damian^ .lxx. acras de baring 

hida p .it. sol'. *? .iiij.d. 
Rob' cticus .XX, acraa p .xxxii.d. 
Sabina vidua .xx. acras p .xxxii.d. 
Sicilia reUcta savari .x. acras p .xvi.d. 
H ug' 61' emeburge .ij. acras p .iiij.d. 
Hereward^ fil' eudonis .ij, 80*^8 p .iiij.d. 
Hereward^ 1 Bofe. fil' Guiiore .iij. ac""a p .iiij.d. 
Rob' fil' Gunnore dim acrnm p .i.d. 

Isti siit-hidarii de kirkebi 1 de horlock. 
Nola juratoj Saled^ Witts t huge .lx. ac""s. 

Gerard^ fil' Wib'iii. qondam Galfr "5! Witti coci. 

Sawgel' fil' estrilde. Ric t Alexandr fil' Reigiii .xxx. s 
Thorn de la bathe. Alveva de marisco relicta 

Simo fil' steph'i. Alex .xxx. ac'^s q^nda Walt'i. 

Oger' fir Wib'ni. Thorn de marisco .xxxvii. ac"'a. 

Witts fil' Galfr. 1 dimid' qTida alvithe. 

Rob' cticus .xxxvii. acras 1 diiii q"iidam aluithe 

ad vita suam q revtenf ad h'edes Ric fil' alueue, 
Rob' de torp '? Alicia hamelini .xlv. acras q°n 

dam Willi del perer. 
Hug" fil' edwini cu hfdib) Ric fil' herewardi 

.XL. acras. 
Thorn fil' Godrici .v. acras. Id' .xv. ac""s q''nda 

sewgel quas emit de hrdibj eiusde. 
Sabina filia Godwini .xlv. ac'^s. 
Witts Galfr ,iiij. ac""s 7 dim p servico bedellerie. 
Ric *? AleS fil' reigni .x. acras. 
Alueua relicta Alexandr ,ij. ac'^s, 
Sawgele .iij. ac""s . q''ndam Baldewini. 
I J" Edward^ textor .xv, ac"'a q^ndam aawgel. 

Ric fir rob', milo fil' job'is 1 Alicia Godwini ,xv. ac"'8. 
Sauugele .xv. acras. 


Edward^ % sauugel .xv. acras. Id .ij. sexacras p .iiij. [HomLocs.] 

d. extra hidam. 
Ric fil' sconi .xv. acres. 
Rob' fir xpiene .xx. acras. 
Cecilia relicta savari .xx. acres. 
if Lieueua de fraxino .xxx. acres. 
Sauugele fil' Estrilde .xxx. acres. 
Simd de spina .xv. ac'^s q^ndam Alfilde. Idem .xv. 

acres quondam Rob'ti. 
Andr fil^ Osb'ti .xv. acres. 
Matilda relicta Gerardi .xv. ac^s q^ndatheodulfi. 
JTOuthild % Juliana .xxx. acras q^ndam rob'ti pbri. 
Eedem .xxx. ac'^s q^ndam beat^cis. 
Beat'x % Juliana .xxx. ac'^s q^ndam samanni. 
Edwardus ? sauugel . Thorn *{ . elyas .xv. ac'^s. 
Rob' fil' Gunnore .xv. acres. 
JT Alicia . Gunilda . ? • Sabina filie Galfr .xxxvij. 

acras "2 dimid'. 
Witts 1 Rob' Wilt fil' Wimarch .xxxvij. ac"^s H dim. 
Witts . Saled^ ? hugo .xv. acras. 
Eadmudus de la done .xv. acras. 
Gererd^ venator .xv. acras. 
jT Thorn ? Simd fil' h'ewardi .xxx. acras. 
Rad' fiF leflede .xx. acres • Id' .j. acram saxacra 

p .ij.d. extra hidam. 
Dionisia relicta Rad' ciici .xx. acres . Eadem .j. 

acrem saxacra. 
Hamo fil' Eudonis .x. acras. 
Wib'nus fil' Walt'i .x. acres. 
Eadmund^ fil' Witti .x. acras. 
Cecilia relicta And? .vii. ac'^s *? dini# 
Rob' de frexino .ij. acr"^8 7 dimid' . Id tenet .ij. 

sexacras p .iiij.d. extra hida. 
Gererd^ fil' Wib'ni .x. acras. 
Iste due hide 8t libe. 
Helias de viliera .ij. hidas p .xx. sol', de antiq"^ 

faeditate. Iste due sut Geldabiles ad auxiliu 

ECC^lai^ 8. PAULI LONDIN. A.O. 122^. 

regis cu aliis hidis. 
Picot fil' freb'ni dim hida p .viij. sol' .ix.d. 
Hec sunt consuetudies dPa^ hida^. 
Single hide debent arare .iij. acras ? flagel 
lare seme de frunito ? ventare ad horre 
urn dni ■ 1 in campu portare . ^ seniina 
re 1 h'ciare q""ntum suflScit ad ,ij. acras 
set no flagellabunt seme ad .iij. acrarei 
set seminabut 7 h'ciabunt . % debet ara 
re tres acras in .xl". 1 seminare J h'ciare 
set no flagellare seme . J falcare una acra 
p"'ti 1 levare 1 domu portare . J dns dabit 
eis duos multones meliores exceptis ,iiij. 
1 ad sarctandum pstare ab unaq"'q, do 
mo .j. homing usq, ad t'ciam ad cibu 
suum pp'um . 1 flagellare .xxiiij. doddas 
scitt .xxvij. q""rter' de colocestr" . una parte 
de fruinto . alia partem de fab', t'ciam 
parte siliginis f ordei . quarta de ayena. 
sciit duas msuras p una . % tondere oves 
H hre Wambelokes . pterea debet bida 
portare .iiij sumaa °l dimid' p totum ab hor 
reo diii usq, ad nave ter in anno divisim. 
% dare dfio de pp'a ayena .ij. doddas q conti 
net .iiij. sumas frumti de colcestre in iiise marcii 
1 dare .xiiij. panes cu companagio porta 
torib} bladi . t metere in autupno .iij. 
acras .j. frumti . aliam ordei . t'ciam oro 
avene .? pter hec unaqueq, domus hide de 
bet metere .iij. dimid' acras avene . "i colli 
gere unij sellione fabar . % deb) hida ive 
nire in autupno .iij, carros , scit trib^ vicib^ 
unu ad frumtu . aliu ad fabas 7 att'ius 
modi bladi . t qualibi vice cariabit duo 
plaustrata . % diis inveniet .j. homine ad 
levadas garhas . 1 debet invenire de sigul' 


domib3 .j. homine ad p'ma p'cariam • ad scda [Hoklock.] 

duos . utruq^ ad cibum dni • t de singiis do 

mib} ad Nathal^ .j. gallina • J ad pascha 

ova ad honorem dni . Quelibt ecia hida 

debet portare clausura de parco . "Z claud'e 

•vi. pcatas circa curia de Waleton . 7 hre 

sepem vefem • t debt quelibt hida dare ad 

censu .yi. soV. ad .iiij. Aminos . scii in capi 

te jejunii . in rogatonib} . in festo sci jaco 

bi . in festo sci mich'. H de maireno dni q'd 

cindent *? pabunt • "} cariabut apd torp 

innovabitur granariu apd' Waletun . 1 

habebut vet^ ut dicunt. Oms hide debent 

predcas cosuetudines • J censu predcm. Ite 

debet facere bovaria ad suu cibu pp^um sii 

culacio 1 dns faciet culaciu. 11 singia 

hida comodabit semel in .xl^. .j. equu usq^ 

ad horam tciam ad h'ciaudum ad suu cibu pp^um. 

Nomina jivato^ apd Waleton 

Joh's blench h' est v'edcm jurato^. 

Otuelis Isti dicut qd* in dnico sunt 

Eudo peginus. sexcente acre p sexcics vigi 

Brunmann^ ti 7 pot* fieri Wainagiu cum 

Sawgel burgeis trib} carucis .x. capitum scit 

Walt'us de stroda in qualibt .viii. boves . ? .ij. 

equi cu cosuetudinib} villate . 1 in grava 

de Waletun sut circit^ .xxx. acre de bosco bn 

vestito • pastura est ibi in marisco . % in tra 

susenna ad quadringetas oves cu suis 

fetib} . est ibi pastura bourn circiter .xx. 

acre . *? possut ibi ee .vi. vacce . 1 de prato 

circit .X. acre . edificia curie sut in statu 

satis bono sicut ea recepit . ? naeliorata 

ad summa .iiij. marcar. molendinu est 

ibi in dnico . posset poni ad firmam p 

vi|i:inti solidis. 

^F GCCLEaiA 8. PAui.! LbNDtN. A.D. 1222. 4!) ^M 

H Isti tenent de dominico. [Walbto»e 


^ Thoffi pVr 1 thorn fir eudonia .s. acras. 

Una acra qondam eadmridi fab' est in dnico. 


Thoni . t . eadmund^. Simo .vi. acras q^nda Wlii 


H coci cui no attinet ;> .xij.d. p W. firmar qon 


B da reddidit .ij. aol'. 83 pp Wastu maris decidit reddit*. 


H Alicia relicta iordani kebbel .ij. acras p .iiij.d. 


H Henr sipma .ij. ac'^s p .sij.d. p Alard' dec. 


H Isti tenent sexacras. 


V Edmund^ bruman .ij, acras p .iiij.i!. 


Gunnilda vidua .ij. acras p .iiij.d. 


Walt tubbing .j. acra p .ij.d. 


^^ Job's blench .j. acram p .ij.d. 


K Thorn pb'r ? thuin fil' eudonis .ij. 80*^8 p .iiij.d. 


H Isti tenent Lodlond. 


^M Eudo peg'nus .xv. acras p ,iij. aol'. p W. firmar. 


^M Dioniaia relicta Rad' cl'ici .xlv. acras p .ix. 


^M sol'. ? . de sexlond .ij.d. 


^M Isti tenent tarn ad censQ q"'m ad opationem. 


^H Alicia relicta Jordani kebbel .xx. acras p .iiij. 


^r sol'. % viij.d, 1 seqr pcarias . fra ista fuit opa 


ria usq, ad tps hug de runewett .servien 


tis Ric arch' qui p'mo posuit ea ad denar. 


Richold relicta eudonis . 1 Rand' .j. mesag p 


.iiij.d. q*>ndam saeve. 


Salerna relicta Rob' .j. tncsag p .ij.d. t ad iu 


vat ad fenum. 


BrunruS sawgel 1 edward^ .j. mesag . p .vij.d. 

Thedilda ^ machtilda .j. mesag p .iiij.d. 

Ric crisps .j. mesag q'ndam alicie p .iiij.d. f 


adiuvat ad fenum. 


Wal! fir sewgel .ij. mesa| p .iiij.d. 


Gerard^ de stroda .j. mesag q^nda olavi p .viij.d. 


Joh' blench .j. mesag 1 metit .iij. dimid' ac"'s 


in Butupno . 1 adjuvat ad fenu . "% dat .j. galling. 


Eudu peg'nus .ij. ac"'s 1 dimid' p .vi.d. q"ndam 




savari colier cui n attinet p W. firmar. [Walbtokk.] 

Rand* textor .ij. acras H dim p .x.d. p eunde 

firmar de ?ra eiusde. Operarii. 
Eadmund^ bruman tenet .x. acras. 
Eudo pegrin^ .x. acras q°ndam tovi cui n atti 
net S3 p frem suQ qui illas huit de Ric ruffo. 
Henr sipman .v. ac""s eiusde tovi cui n attint 

S3 p prem suu qui illas huit de eod^ Ric'. 
It eudo peg^nus .v. acras q<>ndam saburge cui 

n attinet set emit de herede. 
Id .v. ac^s q^ndam Alabasti cui n attinet set 
emit eod' m^. Id' .x. acras q^ndam edwini prat 
eod' modo adquisitas. 
Hug. Rob'. Ed win^.. Walt' filii david .v. ac**^s. 
Oilib'tus H ioh's .x. acras q^ndam annilde. 
Ric crisp^ .v. acras q^ndam baldewini. 
Walt* tubbing % Alicia vidua .v. ac**"s p Ric ruflF'. 
Ounnilda relicta Edwardi blanch .xv. acras. 
Sawgele burgensis H hug .x. acras .% t'ciam 

partem .v. acrarum. 
Alicia vidua .vij. acras q^ndam sawget. 
Muriel relicta ogeri % . Wall tubbig .x. acras. 
Sawgel parvus .v. acras. 

Alditha cu .iiij. sororib3 filiab3 Witti scarlet .x. ac'^s. 
Alicia relicta Rob'ti fiP Witti .vi. ac*^s % .i. rodam. 
Oocelinus bunde .vi. ac'^s % .i. rodam. 
Jordan^ cum relicta Joh'is Wlmari .x. acras q""? 

quiq^ fuerunt sedefled. 
Alicia jordani .x. acras q^ndam Sawgel cui ii 

attinet . set emit 
Ainilda vidua .vi. acras 1! .i. rodam. 
Muriel relicta .xpiani .vi. ac'^s H .i. rodam. 
Rand' % Richold .xx. acras. 
Walt's *2 Turstan^ .xv. acras. 
Eadmund^ ? hugo .xv. ac*^s. 
Turstan^ J Alicia .x. acras. 


Rand' fil' Aldredi .v. acras. 

Walt de stroda fil' lieueue .v. ac'^s. 

Gunilda . basilia . Machtilda fil' Aiiiilde .x. ac"'8. 

Lidulf^ fil' Brichtwenne .sxi. acra 1 .i. roda. 

Henr sipman fil'Ric .x. acras. 

Otuel^ ^ edward^ ,x. ac"'s J t'cia pte -v. acrar. 

H ug tetilda . edwinus . Rob' J Walt's .sv. 
acras q^ndain Aldithe. 

Walt's J eadmund^ .v. acras. 

Ofiis isti tam oparii q'^m censarii debet de 
pastura .v. ovium in estate dare .j.d. °l in 
hieme p .x. j.d. 1 de singul' animalib} 
•iij. ob' p annu si ad pastura diii vene 
rit . simitr de equia J de singul' porcis ,j. 
d. p Garsavese ■ "i isti debent hre stip'lam 
fruinti p^ festum sci martini . 1 avene 
p^ festu sci micliael' sine pcio. 0ms ecia 
qui tenet .v. acras debit .j. ogac singul' 
sept p annu. exceptis festis dieb3 NathaV 
pascha 1! pentec . 1 in istis duabj sept' scit 
Nathal' 1 pascb' comodat .ij. homines 
ad aliq'd faciend' .1 oms alii similr opa 
buntuf sive plus teneant . sive min^ p ralo 
ne .V. acra%. Debet ecia arare -j. acra in 
hieme 7 aUa in estate . quadragia p't' 
opatoes ebdomodarias . ? h'ciare sil'r . 1 p't'ea 
qui eq''s hnt comodat illos dno . una die 
ad h'ciandfi .J una pcariam ad sarctato 
nem in ebdomada pentec sh cibo . ? in 
autupno p sing'las domoa debet mef e 
,iij. dimiaa ac'^s p't' opac predcns . ? coUig'e 
.j. sellione fabaf . t ad Nathal' .j. gallina 
1 ad pascha ova ad Hbitu tenctium . 1 ad 
honore dni. Oms isti debet communis ad 
festii sci michael' .v.d. de censu . 1 debet ton 
dere agnos dni . % recipe ab eo .iiij. denar 


J pf hec .ij. pcarias in autupno ad cibum [Wal«tok.] 

dni q^rum p^ma sine c'visia • ? totam ista 

t'ram defendant p duab3 hidis ? dimid' de iniquis ? injustis 

exaccionibus. De t'ris Akermannof . 
Terre akermano]^ quas dns pot' capere in 

manu sua cu vult sn injuriis heredita 

rie successionis. 
Rand* textor .v. acras 
Sagarus sipman .v. acras 
Ailmar^ fiP herevici .v. ac""8 
Job's mcator .v. acras 
Alicia relicta jordani .v. ac""8 

Walt's *? eadmund^ f res .v. ac'^s. 

Inquisifo fca in manio de tidwoldintuii 

Ranulfo de Bisand existente firmario. 

Nomina jurato^ H' est ved£fm juj^. 

Lefchild de marisco. T^ranium istud co 

Walterus de mora. ^'^tinet .iij. hidas 

Rogerus sprot. q'^rum due sut in do 

Witts de fonte. minico tarn in bos 

Edinudus de marisco. cis q^m in tris arabi 

Vnguin^ de buherde. lib} .pratis % pascuis 

Jordanus de bosco. "? est lib^um "Z quietu 

Wiits stonhard. ab omi secta comita 

tus H hudredi H auxiliis vicecomitu. 
I n dnico sunt .ccc. acre p quiquies vigiti 

cum trib} virgatis t .x. acris tre escae 

te q^'ndam assise % opabilis t censualis i 

parte • pret hec .xii. acre in holin cum 

una virgata terre de tra moledini. 
Due g'^ve de havecho ? bromhee *2 alia hai 

cia vestita bosco continet p estimatoem 

.X. acras. forinsecu nem^ vestitu bosco c6 

tinet circit* .xv. acras . t de bosco no ves 

tito circit' .xl. acras. In marisco sunt 

.LX. acre . J possunt sustinere duodecies 

loferius notati 
tenet de dnico 


.IX. ovea q faciunt .cc. pciura cuiuslibi scil' 

cetenarii si poneref ad firma .SL. sol'. In p"" 

tis sunt ibi .xxviij. acre falcabiles 1 -xl. 

acre in pa^tura de bolin . possunt i-e ibi in 

pastum .XXX. vacce cG suis tauris 1 fetib3 

t .V. sues cum suis verris J fetib} . Wainna 

gium dnici pot' fieri cum duab3 carucis 

bonis cum .xx. capitib3 . scit cum .x, equis "i 

.X. bobus . J duobs equis herciatoribj . J est 

ibi molendinu sup aq""™ dulce q''d potest 

poni ad firmam p .xL. sol'. 

Idd dicunt q"d emendatii est maiiium I 

summa .iiij. marcar. in moledinis domi 

b3 % fossatis . det'mentum nltm sciut in 

eode. Dicunt ecia q'd Tre de dnio de novo l"^ 

dite satis util'r tradite sunt. 
Junguin' de buher tenet .vii. acras p .x.tviij. 

d. q'ndam Godefridi cui n succedit h'editarie. 
Quique acre q"ndam Ordgari s*t in dnico com 

putate supius. 
Aldetha relicta VValt'i .v. acras p ,ij. sol'. q"n 

dam edwini cui no attinet. 
Quinq, acre Gilib'ti herward sunt in 

dnico computate supius, 
Dece acre in estcroft sut in dnico simlV. 
Hugo de novilla ratone uxoris sue p .V. 

acris q°ndam mauricii de totham reddit 

.xii.d. Idem .ij. acras 1 dimid' p .viij.d. 

Idem p exitu bominij suos sup t'ram scl 

pauli .viij.d. Id' .ij. sol', set eos no solvit. 
Gilib'tus herward .vij. acras q°ndam Rob'ti 

de suttuna p .iiij, sol', p P. de hebrege 

quondam manerii lirmanu. 
Idem dimid' acra in frut«ctis p .iiij.d. 
Idem .iij. acras p .xij.d. de eodem. 
I Gilib'tus de grava .v. acras p .ij. sol'. q"ndam Godive ^ Beat'cis. 


Joh^s snok .v. acras p .xxxii.d. [Hiob*.] 

Magr Alexandr .v. acras p .iiij. sol'. 
Ide magr tenet unu locum ad una gragia. 

Subscipti sunt feffati de pasiur 1 frutectis 

usq^ ad tituld T pxim. 
Lefchild de marisco .iij. acras "Z dimid^ tam i 

gravis q""m in Yris arabilib3 p .xx.d. p Wittm 

grossum sacdotem % petrum firmarios. 
Moniales de clerkewell .ij. ac'^s p .vi.d. p R. ruff^. 
Rog'us sprot unu curtilag p .ij.d. 
Alicia vidua .ij. acras p .xii.d. 
Edwardus pistor .ij. acras p .vi.d. 
Witts cobbe duas acras p .xij.d 
Witts stonhard tenet duas acras in frutectis 

pro .iiij. denar. 
Ric sawgel .j. acram p .vi.d. Idem .ij. ac'^s 

H dimid* pro .xij.d. 
Witts novus homo .j. acra p .iiij.d i frutecti". 
Henr piscator .iiij. acras p .ij. soP. 
Pagan^ de lieselep .j. curtillag p .j.d. 
Hawesia relicta Hug .j. acra liiij.d. 
Walt's de mora .j. acra !re *? .j. prati p .ij. sol'. 
Idem .iiij. acras p .ij. soP. t metit .j. acra 

ad pcariam cervisie . It dat ova % galli 

nam . % adjuvat ad nave % ad stagnu. 
Jordanus de bosco dimid' acra p .ij.d. 
Acra % dimidia q^nda bricii sunt in dnico. 
Egelina de la hale .j. curtilag p .j.d. 
Reg's dives .ij. acras 7 dimid' p .vi.d. per 

magrm Ranulfum. 
Thorn de totham .j. acram p .xij.d. p petr 

firmarium sii capio. 

Isti sunt libere tenentes. 

Rog's dives cum filia hamonis tenet .xxxv. 
acras prel p'^tum q'd dicit ad illas ptine 
ab antiquo p .iiij. sol' .viij.d. 1! sequitur 
in autupno .j. siccam pcariam ? aliam 
ad cvisiam cum duob} hominib} . % debet 


ligare q'd metit ad suum cibij pp'um 
t invenit dimidiii carrfi vt una carec 
tam ad carriand' bladum dni . t seqr pea 
rias caruca^ duas scit una in hieme t 
aliam in kl* .J cum villata ad firma por 
tanda lond facit q'^ntuni requirit' de ,xx. 
aciis 1 dat .iiij.d. de maltselver in fmi 
nis t'um firmaa . % .xxxv. ova ad pascha 
1 una gallina ad nathale . 1 invenit .j. 
honaine ad stagnum moledini ad dig 
nerium sine cibo dni .'^ alia die .j. homi 
ne ad cibtim dni si opus filit scit ad dig 
nerium . If debet falcare in cumed ad 
cibum dni si diis voluerit. 
Dimidia virgata qua q^ndam tenuit Gili 
b'tus p secta sire hudredi est in diiico 
supius computata. 
Ric* fil' Witti tenet dimidia virg q'ndam 
Gilib'ti cui no attinet p .iij. sol' % p id' 
servicium quod rog'us. 
In dhico est una virgata q"'in q^ndam te 
nuit Gilib'tus cl'icus nepos decani. 
Ite dimidia virg q"'m q^ndam tenuit lesce 
lina est in dnico coputata supius. 
Isti tenent ad censum Si ad operat'onem. 
Hawisia relicta hugonis de atreham tenet 
-j. virg p .ij. aol' J fuit edwardi pmtarii. 
1 qualibi septimana ab ad vincta usq, ad 
festu sci michael' debet .ij. opa . *? pterea seqr 
pcariam . 7 carriat bladum dni cu dimidio 
carro . du fiiit carriand' t a festo sci raich' 
usq, ad advincl'a singut' .xv. dieb} facit 
t'a opa exceptis septimanis. Nathal' . pas 
chc . 1 pentec . 1 pxima aeptimana an fe 
stum sci michael' 1 ead' septimana debet 
coUig'e quater vigiti garbas de stipula 


ad grangias coopiendas . ? arare .j. acra in [H»ob'.] 

hieme % .j. in xl* • 1! seminare 1! herciare J 

coputabuntur ei p .iij. opib3 7 sarclare p 

dimid^ diem ad cibu suum pp^um . "Z como 

dare .j. homine "{ unu equum ad h*ciandu. 

p dimid^ diem . 1! si n habuerit opabitur 

in gragia flagellando stricu % dimid^ . 1! 

dat .iiij.d % ob' de maltselver . 1! adjuvabit 

ad firma ducenda % stagnu moledini pa 

randu . H in qualibt firma duceda quieta 

erit de opibus .xv. dierum t dat .xxx. ova 

ad pascha % .j. gallinam ad nathaP f cum 

villata pticipabit in uno muUone feni 

int' ipsos dividedo . t dat .ij.d. H oV de landga 

vele 7 iiij.d de Wdepeni J debet met'e dimid' 

acram ante q'^mlib? precariiim. 
Beat^x vidua .j. virg p .ij. sol' *Z p id* servici 

um in omnibus. 
Wilts de fote una virg p .ij. soF ? p idem 

servicium quod beat^x. 

Isti tenent dimidias virgatas. 
Jordanus % paganus tenet dimid* virg p ide 

serviciu in opibj de maltselver . landgavel 

t Wdepeni . Id* tenet .v. aeras p .viij.d. 
Witts stonhard dimid' virg ejusd* servicii p 

.iij. sol' ? .viij.d. set p firroarios. 
Hog's sprot dimid' virg p id* serviciu. 
Alicia vidua dimid' virg p id' serviciu. 
Witts cobbe dimid* virg p id' servicium. 
Oilib'tus herward dimid* virg* q<*ndam Wot 

gari cui no attinet p idem servic. 
Gilib*tus de grava dimid* virg p id' servic. 
Siric^ fir edrici dimid* virg p id* servic. 
Edmund^ filius lefwini dimid* virg cum 

Batholomeo p id' servic. 
Dece acre q^'ndam Oilib*ti herward oparie sut 

in dominico. 



-Edward^ pistor tenet .x. ac"'s p .ij. opibj qualihet 
septim* . exceptis .iij. septimanis sup'^dcis 1 dat 
.iij.d. de maltselver .t ad pcarias autupni 1 
carucas facit ide q°d beat's . f ad stagnu mole 
dini parand' . % ad stipulam °f falcabit. 

Junguin^ .x. acras q°ndam Godefridi cui no atti 
net p idem servicium . Isti duo Edward^ 1 
Junguin® debet arare .iij. ac"'8 . ? tassare bladQ. 

Eggelea de la hale .x. acras p ij. sol' t una o^ac. 
^qualibl septimana in autupno .t ad pcaria" 
.ij. homines t tassabit blad' . 1! colliget stiptam 
J dat .j. gallinam 1 .x. ova ad pascha. 

Barthots faber .x. acras p ferranitis carucaf 
faciedis t debet .ij. homines ad pcarias cer 
visie 1 unu ad siccaa 7 inet'e diraid' acram 
1 dat .i. gallinam t ova ad pascha. 

Job's snok tenet .v. acras 1 dat qualibt septi 
mana unu op^ . exceptia septimanis pdcis. 
1 invenit .j, homine ad q"'mlib? pcariam % 
metit dimid' acra sicut alii J dat .iij. q"" de 
maltselver ^ ad navi- facit ut aUi scd'm q""n 
titatem tenemti t dat galliiia t ova ? venit 
ad stagnum gandum. 

Steph's fir Godrici .v. acras p ide serviciu . addito 
q''d dat .iij. ob'. de maltselver. 

Witts nevus ho .v. ac'^s p id' servic qM steph's. 

Gilib' herward .v. ac'^s p id' serv q°d steph's. 

Lefchild fil' sprot .v. ac"~s p id' servic. 

Ric aewgel .v. ac"'3 p id' servic. 

Lefwinus edrici .v. ac""3 p id' servic. 

Alexandr fil' lefsi .v. acras p id' servic preT qM 
quiet^ est de dimidia acra meteda ad siccas 
pcarias . n'^ dat maltselv °i oms isti .v. acra? 
debet tassare bladu .t alii supiores sitr .x. ac"'i. 

Giinilda vidua tenet ,i. mcsagiu q"ndam ed 
wardi fuUere p .xij.d. J sequit^ -j. pcariam 


? metit dimid' acra 1! dat .j. gallinam. [Hbobr'.] 

Locus ubi grangia eccPie est debet .x.d. quod fuit 

qondam mesagiu magri hugonis. 
Ric le turn' .j. mesagiu p .xiLd. p ide serviciu 

quod Gunnilda. 
Job's pmentari^ .j. mesagiu t .j. curtillagiu 

p .xvi.d. ? idem servicium. 
Petr^ de cruce .j. mesag p .xii.d. J id* servic. 
Anicia filia Rogi .i. mesag p .iiijd. set n5 dat 

Editha tenet .iij. acras p .xL.d. p petrum de 

hebrege 1! p id' servicium quod gunnilda 

1! dat ova ad pascha. 
Maurici^ p dimid' acra J uno resset .xviij. 

d. H p idem servicium. 
Samann^ .ij. acras p .xviij.d. tantum. 
Oalfr fil' orgari .iiij. acras p .ij. sol'. II dimid' 

acram prati 1! facit quod Ounnilda. 
It' tenet .iiij. acras p .ij. sol'. 
Sciendu qM Rog'us devis debet tond'e oves. 

Inquisi!o f^a apud tillingeha p eosde Rob*to de 

cano existent! firmario. 
Nomina juratoj^ hoc est ved£fm juratoj^. 

Ricard^ fil' Wiffi. Maneriu istud defe 

Oodefr fil' pagani. dit se ?sus regem 

Job's passavant. p .xx. hidis cum .vi. bi 

Rog's godsaule. dis t'um solanda^ t 

Edwardus rex. est quietu ab omi secta 

Reiner^ fil' baldewini. comitatuu % bundred\ 

Wiits passavant. auxiliis vicecomiL • Ward 

Wiits hunfredi. peni "{ similiQ q sp^tant 

Ricard^ de fonte. in capite ad rege vel bail 

livos suos. In dnico sunt de tra arabili .ouG. 

*l qual viginti *l .xiij. acre de txa arabili p quiquies xx^. 

cum .xxx. acris vilenagii tre opabil' "{ pt 

jcL. acras J dimid' ^ sunt in dBico eccl'e. 


t aunt ibi .ix. acre in prato . nd est ibi pa 
stura n' cum quiescit dnicum p Wain 
nagiu. n dicunt (["d pol fieri Wainna 
giu cum duab) carucis .ss. capitum . scit 
cum .sii. bobus J .viij. equia .poasut ibi ee 
.iiij. sues cu uno verro 1 suis fetibj ? .iiij"'. 
vacce cum suis retib3 si quiescut pasture 
dnico altnatim . In mamco sunt .iiij. 
bercarie . qua^ una vocat' howich 1 pot 
Huatinere novies .xx''. capita pmiscui sex^ 
alia vocatur middclwich J poE sustiiie aescies 
.XX*'. J .x. capita . fcia vocatur doddeswich 
^ pot sustinere sexcies .xs". t .xii. capita 
quarta vocaf pirimers % pot sustinere 
quiquies .xs". ? .x. capita 1 consuevit ce 
pctum sexcies .xx''. ovium p singtas ber 
curias p annu .xl. sol', manente sep in 
stauro. Item pasture susenna possut ce 
iut iiraa arabiles quiquies .xx^'. capita 
ovium . est ibi molendinu in mariscia 
qod posset poni ad brma p veredcm jura 
toa p .XX. sol', p antiu deductis impesis circa su 
tatione ejusde mutcdiitt faciendis . Ide 
dicunt q°d nielioratu est manium a te 
pore quo fuit firmari^ Rob'tus decan^ in 
melioratonc Wallaa marisci t emedato 
ne molendini °t fossatis J edificiis curie 
□ovis t reparatis ad summa .xvi, marcai. 

riati tenet de dominico antiquit^ assise. 
Ifilda relicta Witti tracere tenet .xv. acras 
q°ndam Wlwardi p .ij. sol', t debet sequi 
pcarias ut alii infra . *? metere dimidia 
Bcra . ligare 1 ducere. 
\jdo fil' Wlwardi fil' Godivi .vii. acras p 

.xii.d, f p idem serviciu. 
Alicia relicta baldewini fil' Sirro .siiij- 


acras p .xvi.d. % p idem serviciu. [Tillikoram.] 

Rad' le hore .ij. acras q^ndam alueue p .iiij.d. 
Oodefr grom fil' algari .ij. acras p •viiij.d. 
Thomas fiP adgari tenet unft pasturam 

in via p uno socco. 
Due acre q^ndam Galfr iugel sut in dnico. 
Oilib'tus sort t Warinus dote cu iiliab} Wl 

lurici .vii. acras q^ndam Wlurici p .xxyi.d. 
Ric* fil* Wiffi cum filia Cristine .v. ac'^s p .xij.d. 

Idem .xv. acras p .xxx.d. % mariscu p .iiij.d. 
Ric passavant .ij. acras cum uno mesuagio 

q^ndam edive p .xij.d. Idem un2 hopa 

de marisco p .ij. soP. ? metit ? ligat cu 

ptinentib} dimidia acram in autupno % seq'r pcarias i au)?. 
Ric Wot .xiij. acras de tra arabili ? unum 

mariscu .x. acra& p .iiij. soP. J .x.d. % per 

cartam capituli . Idem .j. acram p .ij.d. t 

debet metere dimid' acram ad pp^um suu 

custum vt facere equi vales serviciu. 
Odo de la ho .ix. acras tre arabit % Ax. in ms 

risco p .xxx.d. p cartam capitti ? metet in 

autupno dimidia acra ? ligabit. 
Oswardus claud^ .j. mesag J una roda p 

•vi.d. p adam de plesseto serviente capitti. 
Roesia lot^x .j. curtillag' p .iiij.d. p eund'. 
Ric de fonte .j. acram pasture cu pva via 

p .xij.d. p R. decanu firmar. 
Walt's fir Wiiti .j. brock p .iiij.d. 
Ada de plesseto .vii. ac'^s p .xviij.d. p car. cap. 
Ric del perer reddit .j.d. p quoda hoko ma 

risci dato sibi in escambiu p marisco suo 

peiorato p trasitu canonico^ ad marisco" suo". 

Isti sunt tenentes de dominico eccrie. 
Henr herward tenet .v. ac""s p .xii.d. 
Ada pmentari^ .j. acram p .ij.d. 
Oodrich purte .j. acra p .ij.d. 


Swetio tenet .vi, acras p .xij.d. 

Siward^ textor .iiij. ac""s p .x.d. 

Regin ridel .v. acras p .xviij.d. 

Vicarius ht .v, acras de eod' sine servicio ad vi 
cariam . residuum est in dnico. 
Inferius notati tenent ad ceusum. 

Ric del perer tenet .j. hidam p ,xx. sol'. 1 sequit' 
pcarias cervisie in autupno bis . si fuit ne 
cesse ad cibum ? potura dni . "i una die ca 
riabit .v. plaustra ad cibum diii . 1 tSebit 
.ij. garbas . 1 metet dimid' acram in autup 
no . 1 ligabit si una fuit pcaria . si a due 
fiiit pcarie metet duas diniidias ac'^s ad 
cibu suum pp'um . 1 alia die cariabit qM 
messuert pcarie ut sup"^ continet'. 

Godefr fil' pagani -j. acra hidam p -xx. sol'. 1 
.ij.d. t p servic quod Ric. 

Ric fil' Witti cum filia cristine .lx. t .xv, ac^ 
p .x. sol'. 7, p theodos 7 Ric arcbid' 
firmarios "? p id' servic, 

Thomas fil' Sigari .xi. acras p .ij. sol'. 1 facit 
serv quod Ric. Si an no habeat aver&gia 
ad carriagiu in autupno allocabit blad' 
in gragia vt faciet aliq^d op^ equivates. 

Gilib'tus sort 7 Warin^ cum filiabj Wlurici 
dote .XT. acras p ,xL.d. °t facit id' aerv qd' Ric. 

Theodor^ fil' Rob' ote .v. acras p .x.d. 

Beat'x uxor Galfr de campo tenet .x. ac'^s p .xx.d. 
Regin fil' pagani .ij. acras p .vi.d. 

A Ifwin^ 61' estrilde .v. acras p .x.d. uterc 

Relicta Wlurici cok. .viij. ac"'s p -xvi.d, — -■' 
istoE inveniet .j. homine ad .ij. pcarias 
sic Thomas fil' Sigari supradcs. 

Henr Herward .ij. acras q'ndam Wlgari p 

.iiij.d. p captm ad t'minu, 
Reiner^ fil' baldewini de gora .xx. ac% p .iij, sol'. 


% facit idem servic qd' thomas fiP sigari. [Tillinoram.] 

Galfr fiP Ailwini .x. acras p .xx.d. 
Witts fil^ Rad^ fil' Edwardi .xvij. acras p .xbii. 

d. 1! p servic in omnib} q'd thorn fil' sigari. 

Inferius notati sunt oparii. 

Oodefr grom tenet .v. acras q^ndam Algari 

*{ debet qualibt septimana p annu duo 

opa exceptis septin^ . nathat • pasche . 1! pe 

tecostes in quib3 quiet^ erit de opib3 • % se 

quitur pcarias in autupno H metit 

dimidia acra ut notati oparii supius. 
Rad' le hore .v. acras p ide servic 1! preterea 

defendit eas Vsus regem. 

Isti faciunt magnas opatones. 

Ailleva filia adulfi tenet .xxx. acras p 
.xx.d. % ob' . % dat .iiij.d. ? .iij. q"" de malt 
selver ad pentec J debet arare acram ? 
dimid' in hieme 1! im in .xl<^. H flagellare 
seme diii ad illas seminadas J semina 
re ? herciare J sarclare % metere *2 duce 
in grangia dni . ? pretea semel in hieme 
J semel in .xl^ arare sine cibo diii J in sep 
timana qn ita arat quieta erit de ali 
is opib3 . Quod si boves n habuerit vel 
animalia ad arand' facit aliud op^ 
quid jussa fuerit ? educet .x. plaustra 
ta de fimo post pascha "2 habebit digne 
rium de dno % infra hundredu porta 
bit unu plaustru vt duas carectatas 
de busco J debet coUigere stip'lam 1! co 
opire domos de dnio 1! mundare fossa 
circa curia ? repare dimid' pcatam 
J debet ad natal' .j. gallina % ad pasch' 
.XX. ova vt sine numero ad honorem 
dni quot voluerit • "t ad quamlibt de 
•iiij. pcariis unde due sunt sB cvisia 

BCObBilA B, PADLl 1.0NDIN. A.D. 1222. ' 

inveniet .ij. homines ad cibum dni .1 &d {■] 

quamlibi debe^t^ete dimid' acram 

ligare % ducere sn cibo. 
Beat'x relicta thorn del slo tenet .xxx. 

acras q*>ndatn ailwini fabri p idem 

servicium in oinnib3. 
Rog godsaule .xxx. acras p id' servic. 
Witts fil' hunfridi t odo fil' Wlwardi .xxx. 

acras p idem servic. 
Thorn fil'edgari .xxx. ac""s p id* servic. 
Henr herward ,xxx. acras q^ndam Wigori 

de broco ad fminum p capitulG 1 p 

idem servicium. 
Rad crucsi .xxx. acras p id' servic. 
Galfr bosse tenet .xxx. ac"'5 p id' servic. 
Beat'x relicta Galfr .xxx. ac""s p id' servic. 
Rimer^ cum filia sproti .xsx. ac"'s p id' Bvic, 
Reginald^ 61' pagani .xxx. ac""8 p id' servic. 
Simo t serlo passavant tenet .xxx. acras 

q"ndam baldewini ? edrichi Wot ^ id' Svic. 
Alan^ brid 1 editha vidua .xxx. ac""s p id' Bvic. 
Theodoric*' etc .xsx. acras p id' Bvic. 
Edward^ rex .xxx. acras p id' servic. 
Wlric^ brid J Witts passaVant .xxx. ac'^s q"n 

dam Witti raven p id' servic 1 illas tenet 

p edelinam. 
Had' pache 1 Job's blare tenent .xxx. acras 

q"ndam thoifi mercatoris 1 defendut eas 

p XV. ppt pauptatem tte °1 Wluric® Wid 

stert .XV. acras p id' servic. 
Ric de fonte .xxx. acras q°ndam matildis ? 

thotne p ide servicium. 
L Job's faber J Wal?s del ho t Job's passavat 

.XXX. acras p idem servic. Id' ioh's faber 

tenet .xv. acras p ferramentla q''ndam 

gunilde t fuerut ad denarios sn Svico. 


Offis isti tenentes predcas .xxx. acras debet ITilumqbam.] 

flagellare .iiij. fir mas H portare Lond' 

pp^o custamto suo H picto cum uno ser 

viente de curia ad cibum dni *{ debet 

falcare pratum % collig'e % levare *i do 

mi portare 1 habebunt a dno . unu mul 

tone sine pelle . % .xii. panes % farina ? 

sal % .iiij.d. ad singulas firmas puta 

das vi danningam • % ad singulas .xxx. 

acras unu onus de stramine a curia ad 

.iiij. fir-mas % debent carriare blad' dni 

cum plaustris totius villate. 
In manerio isto sexcies .xx. acre faciunt 

hidam . ? .xxx. acre faciunt virgata. 
Item in dnico sunt oms decime garbar 

totius pochie excepta tcia garba de do 

minico qui habet vicari^ ? tricesimu 

agnu . purcellu % caseum. de lana diiici 

nihil habi neq^ de tota parochia. Inq^sic6 

fJfa in manio de berling . Walt' de ber 

Noia jurato^. ling exist ete firmar. 

Witts fiP anketil. Isti dicunt q^d maneriu 

Ric de la Wgelate. de Berling defendit 

Ailred^ le bunde. se vsus rege p .ij. hidis % dim 

Adam faber. *{ hida continet sexcies vigi 

Witts de la ponde. ti acras .iiij. virgate faciut 

Rob' fil' simonis. hidam ? .xxx. acre faciunt 

virgatam. Reddunt au iste due hide 7 dimid' 

singut annis p hidagio baillivo hundredi 

de Reilee .xxxi.d. % .xiii.d. de Wardpeni 

de quib} dnicum reddit de .xx. acris .ij.d. 

*? ob* p hidagio *? .ij.d. de Wardpeni. In 

dnico sunt quidecies viginti acre &e ara 

bilis 'i est pvus mariscus qui pol cum 

susenna pastura sustine quiquies .xx. 

oves cu mascul' . Non est ibi pastura bou. 


BCOLSBIX a. PAtlLI L.OiyDIN. A.D. 122^ 

It dicunt q"d Waiiiagiu totius diiici arabil' 

poE fieri cum duab} carucis cw .xvi. capi 

tib) . medietas equos J medietas bou cum 

cosuetudinib} villate . It dicunt qd ma 

neriu emedatum p W. firmar in domib} 

? Wainagiis in .i,, sol' . Det'nitu nttm aciut. 

Inferius notati tenet de dnico. 
Witts fir anketitt tenet ,v. acras p .sij.d. q's 

pater suua tenuit. 
Wilts nepos Witti ctici .xi. acras f> ,iij. sol' t 

A'lij.S. 1 A. socco . % venit ad pcai" cvisie. 

1 ante qualibt metit .j. rodam 1 lavat 

oves % tondet. 
Tres acre q fimt supbi st' in dnico gputate sup*^ . 
Anicia vidua tenet .j. mariscu de diiico p 

.ij. sol' p Ric archid. 
Ric nepos Wrtheve vidue tenet .j. acra in 

augmto tfe sue q'^m defendit infra. 
Witts fir Witt parmtar dimid' acra p ,vi.d. 

J secjr pcarias cvisie 1 facit ligatoria ad pcar*. 
Thom fil' Wateman .j. acram p .xv.d. 1 se 

quitur pcarias sic Witts. 
Una acra q'*~m q°ndam tenuenit akermani 

in augmtum tre sue est in dnico simt 

cum .V, acris tfe sue q sunt in dnico no 

coputate supius in dnico. 
TJnu mcsagiu q^ndam Godhug trnditum 

est Walt' traigor eccl'ie firmaf p W. firmaf p .xij.d. 
Math's 61' alani tenet .j. mesag alani pris 

sui p .xij.d. p eund' firmar % satis util'r 

ut dicunt jurati. 

Isti tenent alia tenementa. 
Witts fil anketiir tenet .l. acras p .xviij. 

sol' 1 debet invenire .iiij. homines ad 6s 

pcarias cvisie % ante q'^mHhi pcariam 

debet metere dimid* acram. 


Avicia vidua scd'a uxor Walt'i blundi tenet [Baklino.] 

•XL. acras p .j. marca. 
Ric de la Wogelate *? pavia nepotes osb'ti b» 

tonis tenent .xxx. acras q^ndam osb'ti bri 

tonis p .xi. soF *{ .vi.d. ? inveniut .iiij. ho 

mines ad pearias . 7 metut sic Wilt fil' ankef. 
Beat>x relicta osb'ti basse .v. acras p .xx.d. 

p omni servicio. 
Regin fil' Walt'i capttani tenet .xv. acras p 

dimid* marca p Ric juniore quas rog fa 

ber tenuit cui nich' attinet • fuit q^nda 

oparia set p cartam capitii est ad denar. 

'i mittit .j. homine ad pearias arature. 

"i ad apiendos selones ad aque ductum 

sive aliud opus ad cibum dni. 
Tres acre q<>ndam Witti Wem sunt in dni 

CO pret' dnicum supradcm. 

Isti tenent tras operarias. 
Beatrix relicta osb'ti basse tenet .xv. ac'^s 
J a festo sci michael' usq^ ad vincia q'^li 
bet septim . debet .iij. opac n^ festu impe 
dierit . q<>d si festum feriabile evenit in 
sept die lune *{ aliud die mcurii . unu 
festu erit ei utile . aliud dno. Q^d si festu 
evenit eade sepi die venis . addito alio 
festo in alia sep? veniete . dividetur illi 
duo dies int dnm *? oparium ut supra 
dcm est. Ab ad vincta usq^'ad festu sci mi 
chael' omi die opabitur pi festa feriabi 
lia. n ad oihs pearias veniet tarn siccas q'^ 
madidas iuveniet .ij. holes .'Z an q'^mlibt vi 
post ad jussQ baillivi metet dimid' acra 
pref opa supradca ? inveniet dimid' car 
ru cu .j. homie ad carriand' blad' ad curia 
dni ad cibum dni . 1 h'ebit dimid' garba 
sero de blado q^d ducut ultimo . % arare acra 


ECCLBSI^ a. PAtJLl 1.0N01N. A.D. 1222. 

? dimid' in hyeme J pretea .j. Garsacra eo 

tpe 1 in XL' g. acram ? dimid' , 1 ii'ciabit 

acra t dimid' v^^m arat in hyeme .1 quiet^ 

erit de .ij. opibj. In .xl*. no herciabit quod 

arat nisi p opibj .? tondet oves 1 dat ,vij. 

d. f ob' de maltselv in tribj Tminia f mar. 

1 dat .ij. gallinas ad nath' , 1 .xv. ova ad 

pascha 1 p quolib3 porco qm hahet in sti 

pula dabet -j. puUum galline . 1 debet por 

tare ad nave cum suis pib} iirma ducen 

dam lond' . J cum pp'o custo ducere Lond'. 

set dfis inveniet nave °i rectore navis suo 

custo . set iste oparius erit quiet^ de opib} 

suis dum f uit in itifie illo . It' idem debet 

hre stiptam unius acre de fruihto J 

dimidie de avena. 
Walts de opintoii .xv. acras q'lidam Ailwi 

ni cui nich' attlnet p id' Svic q''d beat'x. 
Rob' fil' Simon longi .xv, ac""H p id' . servic. 
Ric de Wogilate .xv. acras p id' servic. 
Quindecim acre ejusde servicii q°ndara 

Burgilde sut in dhico pi sup'^dcm diiiu. 
Witts fil' Asketill) junioris tenet .xv. bc"'b 

p idem semcium . modo Walt* pavey p decati 1 captm 

Isti sunt miiiores operiiTii. 
Wateman fii' simoii tenet .iiij. acras t p 

tots annum singul' duabs sept' .ij. opac 

1 ad singtas pcarias inveniet .j. homi 

ne ad cibum dni f an q"'mlibj pcaria 

metet -j. rodam 1 adjuvabit tassare 

bladum ad cibum dni du fuit tassand'. 

J dat .j. gallina ad nath' "i .iiij. ova ad 

pascha 1 .iiij.d. 1 ob'. de maltselv in 

.iij. fminis firmar . t h'ebit stiptam 

unius acre fruniti % tondet oves 7 car 

riat bladu ad naves . set ii ducit Lond'. 


Rog's siere cu nepte q^'ndam Wlgari .iiij. ac*^8 [Bauiko.] 

p idem servicium. 
Ric nepos Wrtheve tenet .v. acras ? omi sepf 

faciet .ij. opac . ntto festo coputato 7 in singu 

lis sept in autupno inveniet .j. homine 

ad cibum dni ? metit .j. rodam ad ante 

. • • • 
q'^mlib} pcariam . t adjuvabit pone blad' 

in naves . *? dat .iiij.d. *? ob' de maltselv. 

in trib} tminis iirmar •? dat .j. gallina 

ad nath' . t .v. ova ad pascha 7 hebit uni^ 

acre stiptam de frumento. 
Ailred^ fiV Asketilli .v. acras p id servic. 
Adam faber tenet .vi. acras p ferris .ij. ca 

rucar faciendis J facit ad pear autupni 

sic Ric predcs ? hebit stiptam .ij. acrar 

frumti 7 adjuvabit ad blad' careand*. 
Tota villata debet charchiare blad' ad fir 

mas faciedas % firmarius debet invenire 

navem 7 rectorem navis. 

Inferius notati debent Wardpeni. 

Beatrix basse . unu denar. 
Ric de la Wgelate .iij.d. 
Regin de tra Rogi fabri .j.d. 
Wateman fiP Simonis . ob*. 
Rob' filius simonis .j.d. 
Adam faber unu denar. 
Rogus siere ob^. 
Waif us open ton .j.d. 
Witts junior unu denar. 
Terra burgilde in dnico .j.d. 
Terra que est in dominico .j.d. 



Inquisilo fca in manio de Runewett . Galfr 

de Vallib} cl'ico existente firmario. 
Noia juratoa 
Ric le fleclier. 
Steph's de Runewett. 
Waltus her ward. 
Walterus cobbe. 
Willelmus albert. 
Adam norus ho. 
Petrus ket. 

, istud scdm 
dcm juratoa cotini 
■viij. h'ld&s 1 hi 
da continet sexcies vigi 
ti acras . set antiqua in 
quisito dicit q'd no con 
stievit contine n' quat 
vigiti . quia postmod' 

exquisite But tre t msurate . t cosueverut 
ee in diiico .iiij. hide ? adhuc siit pi esca 
etas quasda q sunt in dnico rebcte ppter 
paupertate tenendum . ReliquG est assisu, 
Maiiium istud est lib'um ab oiiii secta 
hudredi 1 comitat^ p carta 7 lib'tatem re 
guti). In dnico sunt .vii. acre prati i West 
made 1 .V. in estmade de novo coquestu 
una roda min^. Non est ibi certa pastura 
n> qaado Ire diiici quiescunt alinatim i 
culte . Isti^ maiiit Wainagiu po! fieri cii 
duab} carucis bonis cQ .xvi. capitib3 
aninialiu . scitt in caruca .iiij. eq' t .iiij. 
boves cu UDO equo herciatore cu consue 
tadinib} oparioj .pot' hre in stauro 
q'nqnies vigiti oves cu suis mascul' .1 
fetibj .1 .iiij. vaccas cu uno tauro . nttin 
porcu in curia sn dampno. Ntts pore' pot' 
hn in pessona , In grava q vocat^ stapelee 
sunt .ix. acre de bosco bn vestito . In alia 
g^'va q Tocatur northgrava est una acra 
de boaco bn vestito . It dicunt q°d maiiiu 
eindatum est f G. de archia in tnolcdino 
quoda . domib3 7 fussatis ad snmma .ij. 
tnarcaa. Molendinu ad ventu est ibi ad 
firmam p .xVi. sul'. quod construx . G. de Arc 


In dnico sunt -ccc. acre t .XLviii. acre 1 quiq* 


es viginti . It dicunt q"d oms Ire tam de do 


minico q""m de novo essarto util'r % ad como 


dum capitti tradite sunt a fpe Ric ruffi 

pre! .s. quas tenet thoin psb'r -quia ablat^ 

■ % 

est trasitus a strata usq, ad aliud diiicu 

c3.l . 

n'^ pot' bri nisi extransvso . Id dicunt quod 
edificia in curia meliorata 8t p G. ruffu 

in .xxx.d. sed nem^ detioratum est in 

summa .iiij. solidorum. 


Isti tenent de antiquo dominico. 


Job's 61' Walt'i rufE tenet .i. acras p xii.d. 

p Ric ruffum Arcbid'. 
Ric Gardiner .xiij. acras p .xxvii.d. p Gal 


fridum de arcbis. Item .i.d. de cmto p cap™ u 
sit perpetuu. 

'iHi 1 

Ida relicta Wlwardi .v. acras p .x.&. 

Thorn presb'r ,x. acras p .xs.d. p Gilib' 
turn de Arcbis. 

Walt's cobbe .vi. acras p .xii.d. q'ndam 
Wlwardi cui nich' attinet p R. ruffum. 

n idem .j. acrara q°ndam turgis p eund' 
1 metit p ead' in autupno .ij. acras 

"^ -S ;o O.^ -* T 
If IT C 3 - ■ 

avene J .ij. frumenti. 


Rob' picot .X. acras p .xx.d. p manu G. 
de archis in essarto bugofi. w .i.d'. de a'm'iop' op 

u' «i p'poma. 

ssi.-i o.-n 

nibid'.ij.acrasp.iiij.d.pG.devallibs. it' .ij.d-. de « g,«'S «•■« ^M 

c'm'top'cap- u'gitp'prtuii. 

Walt's berward tenet ibid' .sv. acras p 


■ij. sol*. 1 .vi.d. p G. de arcbis.* 

^V til' 

^^ c'rato p' MP" 


Job' Grapmel .v. acras p .x.d. ibid' p G. 

^ J 1 1 s*g^J^ 

de archis. 


:if .iij.d'. 

c'm'w p- c.p- 


tSteph's de Runewel! .v. 8c"-B p .x.d. ibid' p eud. 

. Walt' fil' Galfr .iij. ac"-s p .vi.d. p eund' ibid'-I 



Rad'"'sp.x.d.ibid'peund'. i,- ...d". d, cm' 

c'm'to p' c.p- 

^_ It .Uij.d'. de 

Witts b'nard .ix. ac"'8 p .xvJij.d. p G. de vaii. 

^^L «'m'lo p' cip' 

Job's scotus .iiij. acras p .viij.d. ibid" p eud'. 

7 debet .j. opa!onem i autupno sn cibo dni. 


Alured^ kete .ij. acras p .iiij.d. ibid' p eund'. 

It' .ij.d'. de o'tn'to p' c»p". 

Peir^ fil' Siraon .j. acra in escambiu uni^ acre. 

alt'ius tre sue q""m defendit p ,x. ac's p q'b' opaf. 
Petr^ cticus .iiij. acras p .xij.d. p Ric ruffu. 
H idem ibid' -ij. acras % dtraid' p .v.d. p G. de vatf. 
It' -ii.d'. de c'm'to p' csp" 
f Job's fit' Walt'i ruffi tenet diniid' hidam p 

.viij. sol'. Idem .xv, acras p .ij. sol', p Ric 

archidiaconu . Idem .viij. acras p .xvi.3. 

p eund' 1 .XV. acras p .ii. aol'. p eundem. 
Rob" de la belle dimid' hida p .viij. sol', qiinda 

absoloms . Idem tenet .x. acras p .xx.d. 

p Ric RufFum . Idem cosuevit hre .x. por 

cos in pannagio lib'os dum aepes sue esset 

integre <j modo sunt destructe . Seqi' pea 

rias dni cum uno homine. 
Steph's fir Rob' heres Goditbe -xx. acras p .xl. 

d. ? invenit .ij. homines ad pcarias. 
Steph's fil' thorn .V. ac""s p .x.d p Ric ruffu. 
Steph's juvenis .xv. acras p .ii. sol'. J .vi.d. 
Oswardus .v. acras p .xii.d. q''ndam steph'i 

nich' attinet p Ric rufFu. 
Walt' de slo tenet .xv. acras p .xsx.d. p G, de 

archis 1 . reddit .xv. ova ad paacb* . ? q''nda 

fuit opar *? tenuit earn Rob' Wiard sic 

invenietur in veii libro. 
Sim 61' Salomon .xv. acras p .xxx.d. t 

reddit .xv. ova 1 .ij. gallinas ad Nath'. 
Adam novus ho dimid' hidam p .ix. sol'. 
Oms isti venient ad pcariaa domini. 

Isti tenent in estrede. 
Wills fil' b'nardi .ij. acras p iiij.d. p Ric ruf 

fum 1 tendet oves ad cibum dni. 
Rad' fil' bratricis .v. acras p .xii.d. p Ric 
ruffum t opatur .viij. septiih in autup 
qualibet sept .j. opatonem. 
I Walt's fil' Galfr ,vi. acras p .xii.d. p G. de arch'. 

it p pdii. 

Isti tenent 


? venit ad pcarias dSi. [Runwsll.] 

Ric flecher .xLvi. acras p .vii. soF. *i .viij.d. 
p G. de Arch' H venit ad pcarias cvisie. 

Infius notati sunt operarii. 
Steph's de Runewell tenet .xv. acras "i dat 

•iii.d. % .iij. q'^ in festo sci michael' . ? dat .ij. 

gallinas ad nathal' ? .xv. ova ad pascha . 

t debet omi sept p annu .ij. opac exceptis 

sept' Nathal' • pasch' H pentecost' in quib5 

trib} sept' quiet^ erit de trib} opac ? debt 

averare ad Lond' . H ad mania alia . unde 

si posset reverti eadem die quiet^ erit ab .j. 

ope • J habebit cibum suu semel. Si n re^ta 

tur ea die quiet^ erit de .ij. opac "2 arabit 

in hyeme acram . % dimid' % tm in .xl*. 

"i dabuntur ei .vi. panes cu copanagio H 

coputabuntur ei p ilia aratura .ii. opac. 

.s. unu in hyeme 7 .j. in .xl*. . "J metet .vi. 

acras in autupno . p vectura bladi ad ta 

misiam *2 erit quiet^ de .ij. opalonib}. 
Rad' fir Beatricis .xv. acras p idem servic 

q^d Steph's t ptea metit .ij. Wardacras. 

Steph's fil' Godefr .xv. acras p id' servic. 

Rad' fir Wihard .xv. acras p id'servicium. 

Isti .iiij. faciunt duos carros ad fenu duce 

dum . scit illi .iiij. .x. plaustra ad cibum % 

potum dni . alii oparii infius notati cal 

cabunt fenu J facient tassu ad cibu dni. 
Osward^ tenet .x. acras q^ndam edwini p .ij. 

opac qualibt sept % debet .j. gallina ad 

nathal' ? .x. ova ad pasch' *{ metet in au 

tupno .ij. Wardacras de frumto "t avena. 
Sifh fir Simois .x. acras p id' servic . ? dat .ij. 

gallinas J facit .j. fotaver qn jubet^ H q^e 

tus erit de .ij. opac . si vadit Lond' H si re? 

tatur ea die de uno ope quietus erit. % 

lavabit oves 1 tondebit. 
Bteph's fil' Godefr tenet .v. acras q°ndam sae 

ve p uno ope omi sept . 1! dat .ij. gallinas 1 

.V, ova ."? facit fotaver ut sup"" .t metit .ij. 

Wardacras t lavat oves ? tondebit. 
Wimarc vidua tenet .v. acras qondam Galfr 

p idem servicium. 
Wilts 61' alb'ti .v. acraa p idem servic. 
Steph's fil' thorn .iij. acras p ,j, ope oini sepl. 

t dat .iij. ova. 
Rad' fil' beatricis .iij, acras p id' servic quod 

Steph's fil Godefr J Wymark vidua q in 

coputantur supius cum .ij. acris eiusd' in 

eatred' . f- sunt ad denai^ cum reliquis p fir 

mariu ppf debilitate tenemti. 
Rad" kete tenet .v. acras . metit .ij. Wardac''"s 

1 dat .j. gallina t .v. ova . 1 sequif pcarias. 
Inquisicfo 12a in maiiio de Nortuii Joh' de dno 

martlDO existente firmarlo. 
Noia iurato^. Manium istud defedit 

Osbertus. se fsus regem p xl. acris ^ libe 

Warinus. rum est a secta comitat^ set se 

Galfr threde. quitur hundred' de angr . 1 p 

secta etusde datur pposito .ij. sol' .xij.d. de 

Idiiico ? .xii, de tenentib}. In dnico sut .c. 
t .ij. acre tfe arabilis . t .vi. acre prati 1 cir 
citer .xii. acre de gracili bosco. Wainagiu 
pot fieri cum una caruca .viii. capitu. Di 
cunt ecia qM manium eiridatum est in 
ti'is marlatis J novis edificiis ad summl 
.vij. marcarum. 
Uti sunt tenentes. 
Osb'tus tenet .v. acras p .xxxij.d. t debet 
post festu sci michael' .xij.d. de auxilio. 
? seqr pcarias dni cum .ij. hoib^ ad cibu diii.* 
Ordmat^ -v. acras q°ndanj Ric cui n attinet 


p .xxxiiij.d. t .vi.d. de auxilio p iohanne 

de domino martino. 
Warin^ fil' ailmari .x. acras p .iiij. soP *? .iij. 

d. "Z ob*. *i .ij. sol' de auxilio. 
Galfr fiP Galfr .vij. acras p .iij. sol' *? .ij. sol' de 

auxilio . *{ .ij.d. de Wardpeni. 
Oodefr fir normanni .v. acras p .ij. sol' J .xij. 

d. de auxilio. 
B asilia relicta Wifti de hella .v. acras q^nda 

alani cui n attinebat p .ij. sol' % .xij.d. de 

auxilio p ioh'em firmar. 
Oms isti sequutur pcarias cum .ij. hoib} 

ad cibum domini. Inquisiffo f^a in manio 

de Nastok' Joh' de b'nes existete firmario. 


Ric fil' ade 

Job's Wiger. 

Steph's fil' Rob'. 
Walt's fil' Peti , 
Thorn fil' ade--.--^^ 
Rad' le bunde. 
Witts de bosco. 
Oilib'tus palmer. 

Noia iuratoj^. 

H' est veddm iuf. 
.Lib'i. Isti dicunt q**d 
in maiiio isto 
sunt .viij. hide tre 
computabil' sicut 
olim fuit . ? lib'e 
sunt de omi secta 
comitat^ *? omni 
servico alio quod 

Steph's le bore. 

Adam getilman de belle, 
ptinet in capite ad rege • % capitales baillivos 
suos. Reddit tn villata pt dnicum cQ secta 
hundredi de angr q^m facit baroni qi p tpe 
illud ht .xiiij. sol' p annum in annutiatde . 
b'e virginis . *? in Nativit' ejusde . *? pretea 
.xvi.d. de Wardpeni in tmino de hokedai. 

Reddit an canonicis p annu .iij. firmas pie 
nas cum quadragenis sol'. "J decime garbar 
de dnico sunt in dnico. In diiico sunt .ccc. 
"i .XL. acre tre arabil' . H .xvij. acre prati fal 
cabilis . 1! .x. acre de genesteio ad pastura 
bourn prel pastura in gravis de quib^ infr*. 


' In una grava vaua molendinu estimant' [n.stok. 

.iiij, acre ire . ^ in alia vsus angr .vi. acre 
t bS vestite sunt nemore. 
Isti jurati dicut quod tenemtaro inf'ius no 
tata t tradita p firmar divsis hoibj ad 
cofriodu ecctie f mariii tradita sut. Idc 
dicunt q°d maiiiuin melioratu est in 
tria marlatis , t sepib) . t fossatis . t doraibj 
curie novis ■ °} eniendatia ad summa .xv. 
marcar a Ipe ioh'ia scdi tirraaf J i redditu aasiso. 
Det'mentum nltm sciut p juramtum auu 
in boscia sepibj vt aliis. U dicunt qM p' fi' 
Wainagiu totius dnici cum -ij. carucia bo 
nia lintibj .xx. capita in jugo . ? .ij. herci 
atoribj cum consuel opario^ . po? hri in 
stauro sexcies .xx. oves cu suis fetibj t mas 

;u uno tauro . "^ porcoa 

i copia fiiit pessone. 
In eod' manio Job's fil' Wiger in forestia bos 
ci canonicos qui vocatur Weatwde clamat hereditatc % Steph's 
fil' Rob' in forestip bosci qui dicil^ defenaum 
% reapondebut canonicis vt baillivo de dap 

I nia boscoji J habeliut de Windbreche quii^q^ 
n est utile ad meirimiu p visu baillivi f 
coponos fustiu qui st'nentur tm ad mei 
riniiu. Isti sunt lib'e tenctes. 
ilta de breaute cum herede 1 61ia Rad' de 
marci tenet .j. hidam tre p .xvi, sol', p 
annu 1 cosuevit defend'e earn vsus rege. 
Steph's fil' Rob' fil' Ric tenet .j. hidara p .xvi. 
aol*. quos reddit p eadem. Id' debet arare sine 
cibo diii -j. acrani in yeme t una in .xl». 
preT hoc ad pcarias carucar in hyei 

culis f .xii. vaccaa i 
in pessona cetum s 


pcanas ii 

n 1 falca 

re dimid' acram sumptibj suis .1 postmod' 
I falcare cu tota villata pratum diii . ita 


qod totum sit falcatum . *? qlibet falx h'ebit [Nastok.] 

unu pane de frufiito . % in cdmuni .j, mul 
tone pcii .viij. denar . t unu caseum vt 
.iiij.d. sine cervisia • 7 ad siceas pcarias in 
autupno inveniet .j. homine •'? ad pea 
rias cvisie veniet cu quot hominib} ha 
buerit ad cibum dni . % id' debet unu ave 
ragiu in anno. Id' tenet unu molendin 
p .viij. sol\ p cartam capitii ?in eodem 
molendino curia canonico]^ habet fore 
grist set dat molturam. 
Walt's fir pet> tenet .iiij.". ac^'s p .v. sol' .iiij.d. 

'i facit idem serviciu quod Steph's. 
Thorn fil' ade tenet .xl. acras ^ fuerunt 
camerarii p .iiij. sol'. ? .iiij.d. *i arare .ij. 
acras ad cibum diii . una scii in yeme 
*i una in .xl*. % debet .ij. homines unQ 
ad siceas pcarias *? alium ad pcariam cer 
visie in autumpno. 
Ric fil' ade tenet .iiij.''. acras p .v. sol'. "J .iiij.d. 
p Bvicium q^d facit .W. fil' pet> supradcs 

'i pretea dat de suo canonicis cont'*^ Natal' 

unam minam avene. 
Walt's fil' theodorici tenet dimid' hidam p 

.V. sol'. ? debet falcare It venire ad pcarias 

T arare in yeme "2 in .xl^ si ht alalia jucta. 
Walt's de coderee cum Wifto le bel fil* 1 hede 

Rob'ti le bel quern ht in custodia tenet .xl. 

acras p .iiij. sol'. % debet venire ad pcari 

as % face consue^ quas fac thorn fil' ade. 
Nichol* de ho heres Ounnore vidue .xl. 

acras p .XX. d. 7 facit totum servicium 

qod Ric filius ade. 
Ric fil' edwini 1 Rad' fil' ailwardi 7 asce 

lina vidua tenSt .xl. acras q^ndam Rin 

gulfir 1! hii tres in simul faciQt in ser 


viciifl q'^ntum Ric fil' ade . hoc addito q'd 
quilibi illo& mittet .j. homine ad siccas p 
carias in autupna , j singti veniet ad mag 
nas pcarias cum omnib) suis opariis. 

H enf hareng tenet .xl. acras p .vii. sol' . ^ facit 

tm servicium q'^ntum thorn fil' ade, 
Waifs fir henr cum filia % herede ade filia hu 
gonis tenet .xxv. acras p .vii. sol' . ? p id' s'vic, 

Bic 61' saberni tenet .x. acras p .iij. sol' J mit 
tit .j. homine ad siccas pcarias ? oms opario*. 
Buos ad pcarias cvisie in autiipno t fal 
care sic alii 1 pretea levare fenii cu suis 
parib3 opanis . t debet .x. ova ad pascha. 
1 .i, gallina ad nathal' J arare Ecdm q'd 
ht animalia in caruca. 

Witts fil' dolfini tenet .v. acras p .xviij.d. 
1 dat .V, OTB ad pascha t .j. gallina ad na 
thai' . 1 levabit fenum . no tn falcabit . t arabit 
sic Ric 1 seqtur pcarias sic Ric. 

Job's til Wiger tenet .vi. acras cu pvo addita 
mto velis essarti p .iij, sot'. Id' .ij. acras que 
funt Godrici p .vi.d. Id tenet Job's .xl, 
acras p .xii.d. ? debet defend'e vsus rege 
omia essarta decani 1 captti de pp'o bos 
CO ipox in eod' manio qn fit regardu p 
dnm regem vl suos baillivos. 
Infius notati tenent tie dominico. 

Walts de la bruer nepos Wlmari tenet .vij. 
acras de Ira arabili 1 una acr3 prati p 
.iij. sol' 1 iiij.d. Id' tenet .3. acras q (tint 
Derewine p .iij. sol', p .j. scd firm 7 seqr pear'. 

Henr fil' Ric tenet .j. acram in uno loco 
1 duas in aho p .xxix.d. 

Witts dolfin de bosco j. acra p"'ti . p .vi.d. 
Job's fil' hug dimid' acra p""!! p .ij.d. 

Had' bund t Gilib' palmer tenet dim acra 


prad q'Qdam suetmanni cui nich' etti 
net p .ij. socciB 1 una auca. 
Jordan^ fil' ailwardi p fvo prato jj. soccoa. 
WalTs fiP pet' tenet .iij. acraa prati p .T. q^ndam 

iimiar p .zij.d. If p ioh'm scdm. 
Wimarch de la bru^ tenet g. curtillagiil 

p tra ^ fuit edwini p imo socco, 
Joh's wiger tenet .ij. acras 7aus boscuot 
arsum de vet*i eesarto 1 una acr& ^ 
Tocatur haulee sub predco servico. 
H idem .j. acram p .vi.d. q"'m tenuit Go 
dric® qui ei no attinet. ~^ 

Wal?8 £1' benf .iiij. acras q'ndam Ade filiua 

hug p .xxvi.d. vet^ assart. 
Gilib' fil' Wifli J Baldeve .ij. acras p xxi.d. 

vetua Bssartum. 
Joh' fil' hug' tannarii .ij. acras p .Tiij.d. 

vetus assartum. 
Ric cticuB nepos Rad' fil' Ailwardi .vi. ac'^s 

p .iij. sol' . vetuB assarl, 
Henr fil' presb'ri habes uxore Rad' fil' ail 
wardi t filiain su3 herede in custodia 
,ij. acras p .xiiij.d. vet^ assart. 
Witts fil' Rad' fab' .ij. ac"'8 p .viij.d. vet' assarE. 
Hie fil' sab'ni .ij. ac'^s p .viij.d. vet^ assart. 
Oilib' fil' edwini dini acri p .ij.d. ve^ ass*. 
Editha relicta Rad' pbri .j. mesagiii p 

.ij. soccis 1 .ij.d. 
Witts fil' dolfini .iij. acras p .xxv.d. ^ 

,j. socco de veti assarto. 
Beat'x relicta Bricthmari dim acra p .vi.d. 
Ada fir edrici .ij. ac'^s p .xii.d. 1 .iij. gallini*. § ^ ic' ° *" ■" ~ .," ^ 

Ric fil' Rob*, .j. mesagiii q°ndam Galfr p "IB .£ *• ^ ^ "O ¥^ ,3 

.j. socco I .ij.S. ^ .?'-"."' ^ ^ ^ -g 2 

Jordanus blnnd^ .i. mesagiu q°ndam -^ S-,^ ^^ ju "^ & ^ 

ailwini epi p uno socco p Joh'. firnu^ st* Oco^w.EC^Qt-JS 


Jordan^ vikere -j. curtillagium ^ .j.d. 

Nova diiica tradita p Ric ruffu '\ Joh'm prem 

1 Joh'm filiu de b'ne T; Agnete firmar. 
Osb'tus de la Sond' .j. acram p .iiij.d. 1 vocat' 

pva Wdecroft de dnio. 
Rob' 61' theodor .j. angtm tfe in Wattele 

p .i.i, de driico. 
Steph's fil' Wlmari dimid' acmm tre p 

.ij,3. in crokkerelond. 
Godwin^ le ster una pprestura p .ij.d. 

in bruera ante tram suS p .j.d. 
Rad' fir Sabarni una pprestura p .ij.d. 

in bruera an tram Ricberi Siricb, 
Jordanus Viker .j. pprestura i bruer p .j.d. 
Gilib^ fil' edwini .j. acra p'^ti p .viij.d. 
Thoih fir Ade unQ curtillagiu ppe bru 

era juxta tram sua p .j.d. Idem udu 

fossatu iuit"" cainpu qui dicit^ easartu 

8ci pauli p -j.d. 
Walls fir hen? .j. mesag quod fuit Gilib' 

presbit'i p .ij.d. 
Hug de Wrotingi .j. roda p'^te i b'^demad p .ij.d. 
Ediva vidua unu curtillagiu an tra 

suam in Tia p .j.d. 
Cecilia scarlet .j. rodam p""te p .ij.d. 
Rad' pinik .j. curtillag p .j.d. 
Jordanus vikere dimid' acra prati de 

brademad p .iiij.d. 
Alexandr de bosco .iij. rodas de prato 

p .iiij.d. 
Hen? hareng unu mesagiu p .vi.d. 

istud clamat thoni fil' ade q} ad no 

cumtum teneinti sui est 
Gilib' paliri unii curtillag p . ob'. 
Henf fil' Ric unu fossatu p . ob'. 
, Wilts de bosco .j. roda p""ti in brodemad p .j.d. 


Nova essarta. [Nastok.! 

Rad^ le bunde .j. acram p •▼i.d. 
Witts de bo8co • acram f difii p •viij.d. 
Job's hurel difii acr& p aij.d. 
Job's fir Wiger acram f una rodi p 

•vij.d. VsusWestbuB. 
Ric fiP rob' .j. rodam f diffi p .ij.d. le 

vab* fen\& f se^tur pcarias ad cibQ diii. 
RiS fil' sabarni diffi acr& p .iij.d, 
Adam gentilmi diffi acri p* .iij.d. 
Hen? tumur .ij. acras f •!• rodam p 

.xiiij.d. 1 id' facit qod Ric fil' Rob' fac. 
Faber .j. curtillagiu p .j.d, 
Rog's fir edmQdi difi^ acrii p •iij.d. 
Adam capttator aij. acras p •xii.d. J 

difil acram p .ij.d. 
Hen? telarius aol f diffi p •viij.d. 
Ric turnur .j. rodam p .ij.d. 
Witts but aij. rodas p .iiij.d. 
Bernard' pottere .iij. rodas p .v.d. 
Hon? sadde diih acrft J .i. fossal p iiij.d. 
AlexandF de bosco .j. acri t diffi p .yiij.d. 
Rad* fil' Ailwardi .j. curtillag p .LA. 
Ric fir ade g. acram p .v.d. 
Wall fii^ henF .iij. acras p .xyiij.d. 

Id* «j. acdl p ,vi.d. ^ fuit Rad' parri. 
iragcnild fir molendinar .j. curdUag p .j.d. 
Kdiva vidua g. curtillag p .j.d« 
Roliota*»acert)otis diih aciii p .ij.d. 
1) ilib' fiV <Hlwini dii\\ acri p .ij.d. 1 fac id* 

qmnl llont^ tumur s"" . 
Job's fil* Wijt<rr de .ii\j. acris tfe de novo es 

iiArt\> p )>Tam pUcam .xxiij.d. ex pte 

^sus ba>x»ringe citra bi^scum. 
H ad' hunde unam acram p %Ti.d. 

Natixi a p^noi|>iiv Isii feneiit teirts nativas qpenuriaa. 



JCCOLKBIiS 'S. PAtfil LONDIN. A.D. 1222. 

Et sciend'quod huj^modi tfe defendut .xx, 

acras p una virgata . set hida manii 9pu 

tobil' Qstat ex .vii." acris. 
Walt' fil' henf cl'ici tenet .x. acras . t redtJit 

duos .d'. de haredsot si domu liabeat 1 

facit duas opac quallbi sepl J falcabit 

dimid' acra 1 venit ad bedemad t levat 

fenu 1 int pentec 1 feii sci joh'is singtia 

septimanis pre{ opac debitas sarcia 

bit bis % veniet ad siccas duas pcariaa. 

f una ad cvisiam in autupno 1 debt 

unu averagiu ad pedes . t ee quiet^ de 

.ij. opac , t debet de quatibi acra .j. ovQ. i 

ad pasch' .*? ad nathal' una gallina 

7 duob3 dieb3 collig'e nuces . t h' omia 

sii cibo dni prei pcarias carucas 7 

autupni ? bedemad . Id dj .iii.d. de malt 

selv in tenninis t'u firniar q'^a maSiu 

reddit 1 debet calcare fenu in tasso. ' 

Sweino de la pond' fil' gudwini .x. ac""s 

p idem servicium q" d wait's. 
Jordan^ le fikere 61' ailwardi -x. ac""s p ' 

idem ffvic. Idc terra bricai sil' .x. ac'^s p 

Joh'em de b'ne scdra p idem Svic. > 

Wimar relca Walti de la bruer tenet .x. . 

acras per idem servicium. 
Joh'es peter nativus tenet i bodagio u 

nu mesuag 1 .x. ac'^s tre c ptlS p ide Rvic. 
Job's Qwik ten; unu mesuag % .x. ac"~B 

terre cu pertin p idem servic. 
Idiiico sut .viii, ac"'a 1 dioiid' q funt . ric de 

fonte . Rogde Wrotigtem de eadc'^s p.xviii 
Witts kyng .x. ac^s p id' Svic . t facied q nulP tenes 

.X. ac^ q'etus erat in siccis pcariis p opere. 
Ada bunde .v. ac""s 1 opat' q""l) septe semel J se 

mel sarctat 1 falcat 1 spargit t babebit 

dimidium panem I' levabit . seq't*^ pcarias 




autupni f carucar si jungat animalia [Nastok.] 

J duab5 dieb} usq^ ad hora nona colligit 
nuces J facit averagiu sic Walt's • % dat .v. 
ova J .j. gallinam % dat .iij.d. de malt 
selver "2 debet calcare fenu in tasso. 
Witts faber .v. acras ejusd' servicii . set p 
servicio facit ferramtum curie . J habebit 
f annu unu quercum. 
Cecilia scarlata .v. acras ejusd' servicii q<>d 

Adam set no falcat. 
Henr fil* Ric .v. ac"^s p id* serviciu q^d Ada. 
Gilib't de mora .v. acras ejusd' Svicii. 
Osb'tus fiP Waldini .v. acras ejusd' Svicii, 
Ric Godwini .v. acras ejusd' servicii. 
Ediva relicta Rob'ti fil' theodorici dimid' 
acra p uno ope in quidecim diebj J spar 
git fenum J calcat in tasso. 
Ric cticus .XX. acras q^ndam Ailwardi de 
tra oparia . datur ei respect^ ut respode 
at de opib} quia m® nd opatur . dies dat^ 
dies veneris sc'da p^ festu sci michael'. 
Rad' le bonde tenet .xx. acras t opat' q'^libt 
sepl bis pre¥ septim pasch. NathaP 
pentec • H in illis semel opaf . 1! .xv. ave 
ragia facit ad granariu sci pauli % p 
quolibt quiet^ erit de uno ope . "2 duob^ 
dieb} in autupno carriut blad' ad cibu 
diii "2 duob} dieb} carriat copostu . ? p 
quolibt carrigio . quiet^ erit de .j. ope . *2 
cotra Nath' unu plastru ducet ad curia 
de bosco ope no coputato . "2 una die q^n 
quies ducet fenu hoc coputato p .j. ope 
? in hyeme ? in xl*. herciabit p ope . % 
bis qualibt septim in¥ pentec t festum 
sci joh'is bapC sarclabit alt'a die us^ ad 
nonS • alta die integ**" . "2 inveniet .ij. holes 


ad una sicca pcariam . J cQputabit' p .i, 

ope . 1 ad aliatn sicca pcariam unQ home 

ad cibu dni ope no coputato . 1 dabit 

.vi.d. de maltselver ad tres tminos f'm^. 

1 una gallina ad Nath' . 1 .xx. ova ad 

pascV t arabit acra 1 dimid' in hye 

me t tm in xt,\ 1 cdputabitur ei p 

.iiij. opac t falcabit dimid' acra 1 le 

vabit % .ij, dieb} coUiget nuces 1 in 

vigil' Natbal' dabit una mina avene. 
Galfr fil' Ailward .xx. ac""s p ide svic .1 .iiij.d. redd'. 
Wall' fir Ailward .xs. ac"'8 per idem Svic. 
Ada de la hell .xsx. ac'^s p ide 3vic . ex'" q'd n a 

rat n' duas ac'^a ubi alii arat trea. 
Witts campe .xxviij. ac"'s 1 ter operatur q""!; 

septima . t in aliis facit quod Rad'. 
Steph's le hore .xxv. acras 1 in duabj 

sepf opatur ter . 1 dat tres d. de malt 

selver 1 arat -ij. acras. In aliis ead' fac qd' Rad'. 
Gilib't pauni 1 Osb'tus fi!' Ric .xx. ac"'s 

1 opanf quaf qualibi septim. In aliis 

faeiunt q""ntum Rad" bonde, 
Job's fil' bug facit q"'ntum Gilib't pau 

mer t tenet .x. acras. 
Hagenilda relicta Galfr le ster . % agnes 

relicta Rad' fil' Ailwardi .xx, acras t 

opantur .xv. diebs quinq'ea J pa 

res sunt Rad' le bonde in aliis excepto 

q°d dant duas gallinas. 

Infius notati tentes tras daot landgablni. 
Et si hht uxorea .ij. denar de havedsot 

quia capiunt sup diiiuni boscum ^ 

aqua t hnt exitu et si n ht uxore vt 

uxor vini dabit unum A. 
I Galfr fil' ailwardi p Tra q^ndara theo 
cui no attinet -v.d. landg. 


de havedsot .ij.d. p .J. scdm. [N4»to».] 

Rad* bunde fil* Wlwardi .v.d. de laiidg. 

"2 .ij.d. de havedsot. 
Gilib't le paum J osb'tus de saunde .v.d. 

de Landg J .iiij.d. de hav. 
Witts fiP Galf r J henr fir presbri qui tenet 

7ram Ailwardi . "2 Galf r p dcm .J. .v.d. 

de Landg "2 hav. 
Waifs nepos Wlmar .v.d. de landg 1 . ha^. 
Adam fir Edwini de hell .v.d. de landg ? hav. 
Steph's hore p Cra Godive cui n attinet .v. 

d. de landg % ha^ p agnete. 
Witts kempe fil' edive .v.d. % ha^. 
Adam de Rote fir Wlvine . ha^. 
Henr le turnur .havedsot. 
Witts king fil* Rog de tia . hav. 
A dam bonde p Its, derewini cui n attinet 

ha^ p Johm sedm. 
Wimarch vidua p f ra Edwini cui n attinet 

havedsot p eund'. 
Jordan^ vikere fiP Ailwardi hav. Id' Jord* 

p 7ra briksi cui n attinet . hav p agn .f '. 
Rog li sire p tra Ric de fonte . ha^ . p .J. scdm. 
Editha vidua p fra savarici cui no attint 

hav p .J. p^mum. 
Editha vidua p tra Ailwardi cui n attinf 

hav p .J. scdm. 
Jordanus blund^ p . h*a Edwini epi . hav p 

.J. scdm . set no est ibi mesagiu. 
OsbHus nepos Godwini .hav. 
Rad' pinik p fra Oalfr scarlet cui no atti 

net . h*a . p .J. primum. 
Witts de bosco p f ra dolfini cui n attinet 

. hav . p .J. primum. 
Ric mai p . Ira Alfilde cui ii attinet hav. 

p .J. scdm* 


. 12i2, 

Ric fir Sabni p tra machtilde hav. [N«i 

Witts faRfil'aldithe.hav. 
Ric ciicus nepos Rad. hav. 
Godefr fil' Ric* molendin . hav. 
Henr fir Ric Sweiri .hav. 
Gilib't fil' Edwini porcaf . hav. 
GiliU't fil' Baldeve .hav. 
Mesagiu q^ndam Gilib'ti gaudiu vacuu eat. 
Osb'tus nepos Gilib'ti poi . hav. 
I sti reddunt Wardpeni. 
Watt's fil' the odor .ii.d- 
.\dam fil' edwini .ii.d. 
Witts king.ii.d. 
Heres Bele .ii.d. 
Thorn fir Ade .ii.d. 
IS'ichol' del ho .ij.d. 
Rad' Sonde .ij.d. 
Walfa fil' Peti .ij.d. 
JfRobt fir theodof reddet .v.d. set Job's de bne 

ignorat es qua causa debeantur. 
(I'Villata solvit regi ad curia de havering* ab 

antiquo .xvi.d. p comunitate pastoragii. 
Jl'Oms qui faciunt averagia f carnigia petut 
ad caiTos suos de bosco canonicos scii de 
Carmo« . Moellos 1 Jantes 1 Wdericht 9*^ Na 
thale 1 juratores dicunt qM illud debet hre. 
laquisii^o Rfa in manio de chingef p Rob'm decan 
henr cancellar pet" thesaur existete firmar ,anno 
.ij. p^ transtom b'i thoih m"'ris Cantuaf arcliiepi. 
Nomina ju^ Maiiium de Chingeford 

Witts flede pposit^ defendit se p .v. hidis 

Gilib'tus de monast'io nuc tempore Rob'ti de 
cani sic antiquit^ J libe 
rum est 1 quietu de se 
eta bundredi de Wat 
ham p diraid' marca. 

Jofaes pottere 
Ric Brimhese 
Ailwinus picot 
Edward^ ciekere 


Walt's Brichtmari q^m solvit abbati de Wat [CeiHOBvoaD.] 

Reigner^ fil' tovi. ham decan^ J capittm st 

villata illam aq'etat . postqm cocordia fca fa 

it in? ipos in curia dni henr ?cii reg Angl*. 

Ricardo tuc abb'e de Watham . qua dimid' 

marca reddunt abb*i ad pascha ? ad fest'. 

Sci Michael t pretea p eadem cocordiam 

veniet Bailliv^ manii cum duobj hoibj 

ville ad duo lagehundred' sicut cotinef 

in cyrographo fco in curia dni regis . de 

placito secte hundredi qM fuit in? pdcos 

abbate H decanu ? capittm. In dnico 

sut novies viginti acre ?re arabiP t dece 

% octo J dimid' acre prati in uno loco "2 

in alio loco septe acre una virga min^ 

qod Tocatur Risset prati falcabil' % de pa 

stura ad boves septe acre q vocanf dok 

kemers "2 in alio loco .xi. acre q voca 

tur sumerlese • If ibidem est de bosco ve 

stito f estimatoem una hida . If ibid' est 

una g'^va ppe curiam cotinens tres ac'^s p 

estimatoem bn vestita . Ibid' possunt 

ee in stauro dece vacce cu suis fetibus It 

un^ taurus J centu oves cu suis masclis 

J quic]^ sues cu suis fetibus % uno verro. 

Ibid' possunt ee septe eque cu suis fetib}. 

Wainnagiu dnici poC fieri cu una caruca 

bona cu sex equis ? quatuor bob} • J uno 

equo herciatore % sciend' qM oms tenetes 

ejusd' villate debet quater venire p an 

nu ad pastum dni ad pcarias carucar . 

illi scit qui carucas hnt p se vi junctas 

cu aliis 1 qui nttm isto^ hent p ordi 

naconem serviStis vt Bedelli curie 

daudtt sepes vt h^modi . Ide eciam debet 

venire ad duas pcarias in autumpno 





ad pastum dni semel cutn cuisia J se 

JI'Gilib't de ecctia tenet dimid' virgata t're 
p .iiij. sol' t p conauetudies supiua no 
tatas . pret quas debet herciare duab) 
vicibj in .sl*. si equu habeat ext"" caruca 
1 semel sive habeat sive no . 1! hoc sii cibo 
1 potu . habebit tn de Granario avena 
ad equij suum scit q"'ntum cotlnet duo 
pugilU. Idem ecia debet una die sarclare 
ad duos past^ dni sine cuisia 1 una die 
falcare ad duos past^ cum cuisia H una 
die levare fenu ? una die portare sn pastu 
? ad magnas pcarias debet venire cum 
oiiiibus opariis dom^ sue ? ad nuces colli 
gedas debet invenire unu homine sn 
pastu una die. 

Jl'Simo de la hache tenet dimid' virgata 
tre p id* servic in denariis ? gsuetudibj. 

Witts de la hache ppositus fil' Ailwardi te 
net q""rtam ptem uni^ virgate p .ij, sol' 
et facit easde gsuetudines qs Gilib'tua. 

Reigner' fil' tovi tenet q"'rtam ptem uni^ 
virgate p .ij. sol' J p servic q°d Gilib'tus. 

Ric brunhese tenet q'^rtam pte uni^ v'gate 
p .ij. sol' ^ facit id' servic q"d Gilib'tus. 

O rdgar* til' Gilib'ti tenet .v. acras p petr 
thesaur quas q''ndam tenuit Gilib't pr 
Golding 1 reddit ..wiij.d. J facit id' servic' 
q'd Gilib'tus 1 decidit reddit^ antiq^ duos 
sol' ad temp^ ppt debilitate tre. Id' Ordgar^ 
tenet .viii. acras quas q°ndam tenuit Gilib't^ 
pat suus t reddit .ij. sol' 1 facit cosuetudi 
nes quas Gilib'tus. 

Wifis fir Brichtmar tenet .viij. acras p 

sol' 1 facit cosuetudines quas Gilib'tus. 



Walt^s Brichtmar J Job's Blund^ tenent .viii. [Cbinokpokd.] 

acras quas q^'ndam tenuit Reginaldus 

carpentari^ avunctus eof p Waif am fir 

mariu 1 reddunt .ij. sol'. ? fociunt easd' 

consuetudines quas Oilib'tus. 
Job's fiP Godefr tenet .yiij. acras p .ii. soF. 

et facit easde cosuetudines quas GilibHus. 

Id' tenet dimid' acram p .ii.d. 
Augustinus de purtehal' fil' Godefr de la 

lee tenet .viij. acras p .ii. sol'. 1 facit con 

suetudines quas Gilib'tus . Idem tenet 

•iiij. acras ppe boscum q vocant' lam 

petlee p .xij.d. sn aliis cosuetudinib^ 

nee eas debet. 
Serlo le Rat tenet .viij. acras p Walt'm 

firmar quas q^ndam tenuit Rob' Nores' 

cui nicb' attinet ? reddit .ij. sol'. "2 facit 

consuetud' quas Gilib'tus. 
Adam fil' Ailwardi tenet .viij. acras p .ij. 

sol' ? fac consuetud' q*s Gilib't^. 
Ailwin^ picot tenet .viij. acras p .ij. sol'. 

"2 fac consuetud' quas Gilib't^. 
Baldewinus fil' Gerardi tenet dimidia 

virgata .iij. acris min^ "2 reddit .iij. sol' 

J .viij.d. ? facit consuel quas Gilib't^. 
Adam fil' Gilib' tenet .viij. acras quas q^n 

dam tenuerut . duo Gilib' scit le clekre 

? pvus p .ij. sol'. J fac 9sue{ qs Gilib'. 
Saeva vidua tenet unu mesagiu p WaR 

firmar p .vi.d. H venit ad fenu portandu 

? ad magnas pcarias in autupno. 


Ailwin^ picot 1 Rogus potte'^ tenet .viij. ac""s 

p Wallm firmar quas q^ndam tenuit ail 
ward^ novus ho % reddit .ij. sol'. J facit co 
suet' quas Gilib'tus. 
It' Walt's Brichtmar tenet .viij. acras p 


I[£ H. PAVI.l LONDIN'. A,D. 12 

I Walfm firmar quas q°ndam tenuit Rad' 

math'i cuj nifh' attinet f- reddit ,ij. sol' 1 fac 
consuet quas GUib'tus. 

Job's albj tenet .viii. acras p Walt'm firmar 
quas q°ndam tenuit Ric Brunig cui iiich' 
attinet t reddit .ij. sol' , ? facit consuet' 
quas Gilib'tus. 

I a Job's unu mesagiu t una acraoi 
quas q°ridain tenuit Ailward^ lefs^ cui n'l 
attinet p eunde firmar 1 reddit .viij.d. 
■? debet venire ad fenu portand' 1 sd inagnas 
pcarias in autupno. 

SfEva vidua tenet p eunde firmar tres 
acraa tre quas qondam tenuit Golding 1 
reddit 1 facit consuet quaa Gilib' 
pret qd' H invenit homine ad h'ciand'. 

It in dnico sut .viij. acre ejusdc servicii q"8 
qiindam tetmit Godefrid^ de purtehal' que 
vocatur catteslee. 
Inferius notati tenent Iras opabiles. 

Job's pottere 1 Ailwinus picot tenent .viii, 
acras p Walt'm firmar quas q°ndam tenu 
it Ric novus ho cui nich' attinet. Isti debet 
una opaconeni oiiii septimana p annum 
sccdm dispoBttdem servietia vt bedelli 7 pret b" 
duas opacones in autupno de supplits . 1 debf 
arare una roda 1 dimid' in hyeme t verb'are 
seme de blado dni 1 seminare J h'ciare t ee 
quiet^ de una opacdne 1 debet arare una ro 
dam 1 dimid' in xl». t quiet^ ce de una opaco 
ne t semel h'ciare 1 invenire unu homine 
ad sarctand' ad cibum diii 7 falciend' simitr. 
set opa sua debet pret bedemad sine cibo - 7 
debet levare fenii ? invenire q""rtam ptem 
carri ad fenu portand' t unu homine ad sic 
cas pcarias ad cibum dhi 1 hgare t venire 


ad magnas pcarias cu opariis suis ? inveni [CBiNOBFoa».] 

re unu homine ad nuces colligedas % debet por 
tare lond' ad Granariu canonico^ .ij. fa^ de 
avena ? dare una Gallina .iiij.d. ? q"^ de malt 
selver J ee quiet^ de duabj opac H dare .ij.d. 
de Wdeselver ? ee quiet^ de .ij. opac % MjA. 
ob' de averselver eo q^d no debeat longias 
averare q'^m ad Granariu sci pauli . et die 
sci thome ap^li debet portare ad curia di 
midiu bussellu de brasio avene de suo 
ppio ? dimid' gallina % invenire q'^rtain pte 
carri una die ad portand' una carratam de 
bosco ? boscu illud scindere "2 ponere sup tra 
bes ad curia ? ee quiet^ de dimid' opac % 
q'^rtam ptem plumbi ad pascha debet 
.viij. ova ? ee quiet^ septim pasch. Na 
thai*. Pentecost*. 
Walt's Brichtmar 1 Job's Blund^ tenent .viij. 
acras p maria relicta Walt'i firmu^ p 
id' serviciu q^d faciunt Job's J ailwinus. 
In dnico sunt .viij. acre ejusde servicii quas 

q^'ndam tenuit sabam^ ailwin^ fortis. 
Job's Walkelini tenet .viij. acras ejusde servi 
cii p .xxx.d. p P. thesaur firmar quas 
q^ndara tenuit Sabarnus. 
In dnico sunt .viij. acre ejusde servicii quas 

q^ndam tenuit tovi. 
It in dnico sut .v. acre ejusde servicii quas 
q^dam tenuit Rob' carpentarius . Postmo 
du ailwinus filius suus. 

Isti faciut minutas opac5nes q infMus notanf. 

Rogus berkari^ tenet .v. acras p Walt'm firmar 
quas q^ndam tenuit costantin^ cui nich' attin^. 
Adam fil' Gilib'ti fiP Edwardi tenet .v. acras. 
Job's pottere tenet unQ hocu p ob'. 
Ric Brunh^ tenet .v. acras ejusde servicii 


quas q'^ndam lenuet bruhes. 

In dfiico sunt .v. acre ejusde servicii quas 
q'ndam tenuit Ailwin^. 

Edward^ fil Gilib'ti tenet .v. acraa ejusd' Bvic 

qs q''ndam tenuit Aluric^ cui no attinet. 
Witts le fleg tenet a .v. acras ejusd' s'vicii 
q""a q^ndam tenuit aluric^ pdcs cui n attini. 

Rog's le Bret tenet .v. acras q^s q^ndam te 
nuit Gilib'tus pvus. Iste debet omi septifb 
p annu .j. opac "i in autupno oini septim 
-ij. opac t lavare oves 1 hre Wambeloltes. 
ad pasch' .v, ova . una die sarculare 1 una 
die falcare t invenire unii homine ad le 
vand' fenii . unu bomine sup muUione 
faciend' % unu homine ad siccas pcarias 
J ligare q°d metierit 1 venire ad magna* 
pcarias cum opariis suis 1 invenire unu 
homine ad coUigedas nuces °t debet porta 
re ad scm paulu If ee quiet^ ab opac. 
Isti tenent de essartis veteribus. 

Walt" Brichtmar tenet una acram p .vij.d. 
q"'m tenuit Reginald^ carpiitar. 

Augustin^ nepos Godefr de la Ice tenet duaa 
acras p .xii.d. 

Witts forestall^ fil' Brichtmar tenet unam 
I acram p .vij.d. 

1 Job's alb^ tenet unu mesagiu p .vi.d. q^d 
olim tenuit ailward^ lepsus % ediva uxor ei^. 

Adam Ram fil' ailwardi tenet .i. meaag p .ij.d. 

Rob' faber cu reticta pottarii .j. acra f> .xiii.d. 

Ailwinus fil' picot dimid* acra p .vij.d. 

Serlo una acram t dimid' p .iiij.d. p M. 

relictam W. firmaf. 
Walt's faber duas acras p .xii.S. p petrum 
thesaurar firroar. 

Job's blund^ .ij. ac"'8 p .xv.d. p W. firmar. 


Rog' faber .j. acra p .vij.d. p WilPm firmar. [CHiNCKroKD.] 

Maria vidua tenet .xxiij. acras quas vir suu" 

essartavit p aij. sol'. 
Sciend' quod in isto manio hida &e constat 

ex .iiij. virgatis . virga au ex .xxx. acris. 

Acra au ex quadragita pcatis in longitud' 

"2 .iiij. in latitud' . pertica aQ ex .xvi. pedibj 

J dimid'. 
Reddit au istud manium capit'lo duas fir 

mas plenas cum quadragenis solidis J 

una marca de novo cremeto tempe Rob'ti 

decani quando Pet^ thesaur cepit ee firmari^. 
Id' juratores dicut qM boscum pejoratu e 

tepore pet^ thesaur firmar .xxxiiij. sol' 

in vendicone f 'ca p Gilib'm de arch*. 
Id' dicunt q'd fre de novis essartis que tra 

dunt<^ utiliter posite sQt. Id' dicunt q'd 

edificia meliorata sut in dimid' marca 

set melioratio ilia supta fuit de vef ibj 

edificiis q deGorata sunt in .v. sol'. 

Isti tenent de novis essartis. 
Maria vidua tenet .xij. acras p .iij. sol' fpe 

Robti decani p pticam .xxiiij. ped'. 
Job's blund^ acra ? dimid' p .vi.d. p petrQ 

thesaur firmar. 
Adam Ram .j. acram p .iii.d. p eund'. 
Rob' faber .j. acram p .iiij.d. p eund*. 
Oalfr Guiun .j. acram ?. dimid' p .vi.d. 

p Joh'm de Bardenei serviente capitti. 
Wal? faber acram % dimid' p .ix.d. p eund'. 
Witts picot acram "2 dimid' p .vi.d. p eund'. 


Inquisico fca in maniu de Suttone magro ph' 

de haddam existete firmario. 

Nomina jurato^ 
Job's de suttOD pposii' 

Juratores dicunt qM 
mamum istud defe 
dit se vsua rege p trib) 
hid is pret solan da de 
Cheaewich q p ae bet 
duas hidas .1 sunt 
geldabiles cu bidis de 
Button . 1 est lib'um 
°f quietu ab omi sec 
ta comitat^ 'i hundre 

Job's fir pagani. 
Walt's cheles. 
Gilib' fil' edwardi 
Adam fir Gilib'. 
Wlnod^ fil' edwini. 
Gilib' de scalari. 
Everard^ fil' turb'ti 
GiUb' fir Nicbolai. 

di 1 alioj q api^tant ad dnm rege in capite 
vt auos baillivos. In dnico sunt decies vigi 
ti acre 1 .x. de tra arabili . % in prato .xvi. 
acre ■ t in bosco salis bn vestito circif qua 
dragita acre . t numer^ acraf de pastura 
ignoratur . set aufEcit ad .xii. boves % q'^uor 
stottoB .1 .X. vaccas .°t ad sexciea vigiti .1 .x. 
oves. Potest Wainnagiu fieri cu .xii. bob^ 
t quatuor atottis cum cosuetudinib} villate. 
Isti tenent de dominico. 
Kob't fir theobaldi tenet .ij. acras p cu 

filia Gilib'ti fil' Salvi qui fuit feodat^ p tbeo 
doricuRi firmai^ . respondet infi'^ de censu 
cum alii a terns. 
Adam fil' Gilib'ti -iij. acras lib'atas Goldbauek 

avo suo p eundem. 
Liecia relicta Witti junioris .ij. acras lib'atas 

p eunde Wlgaro telt. 
Gilib' fil' Alurici una goram p .ij, soccta .1 
dimidi&m acra p .ij.d. 
Job's faber .j. mesagiii in bruera p .ij.d. p 

Rad' de diceto decanura. 
Rad' de twiverd' .ij. ac"'a p .viii.d. p omi Svico. 
Witts de putleahangf .j. acram p f 


seqr oms pcarias • % semel sarclat % semel le [Sur-ron.] 

▼at t spargit in pratam. 

Isd tenent de tra assisa. 

Gilib' fir Nicholai tenet tres virgatas in qs 

Gilib' avus saos huit ingressu p theodoric 

firmar . % m* reddit p illis jnx. sol'. % debet .ij. 

acras in hieme arare t doas in .xl*. % semi 

nare de semine dni qM recipiet de curia 

dni 1 portabit in campu . % llcialHt easd' 

? inreniet Jj. homines cu falcib3 ad cibu 

dni 1 jj. homines ad levand' fenam sn 

cibo . ? daos homines ano die 1 alios da 

c»s alio die ad sarcland' ad cibom dni se 

mel in die . 1 inreniet doas carectas rt 

unil plaustru ad fenu dacendu ad cibQ 

dni • J inrenit tres homines ad qnashbt 

pwias .^ una die flagellare cu duob5 ho 

minib} firmi portandi lond* ad unum 

pastu dni . ? iuTenit duos saocos ad utra 

(^ firmi . 7 ducet fimum de curia duob} 

dieb} quolibt die ctl duab3 carectis ad 

cibum dni ? quatuor carectatas addu 

cet de bosco ad curia sine cibo ? dat Jj. 

gallinas ? liginli OTa. 
Rog:'s fiF henr .j. rirgata cum insula p*^ 

p j(ij. sol'. ? iuTenit aij. homies ad qs 

libi pcarias . ? quicqHl arene melmt 

coUi^ t ligabuni sine ctbo* 
Witts fil* lurslani ^« Tirgati p «Ti« soP. 

? aj.d. t debet una die Cakare ad ctbu 

dni • t mitl'e ad pcarias CTisie oAs opari 

OS ) tenentes suos ad cibum duL 
U na Tirgata q^dam Baklewini est in do 

minico supius c^pulaUL De mm1< leoet 

Adam fit GUibti ^ acfM p^ f JUL t itt 

▼mil uui Me^ t uni caftH4 ad ftftu «dl cite diL 



B0CbB8I« g. PAULI LONDIN. A.D. 1222. 

Joh's de Lamburn tenet .xi. acras 1 dicnid' 
acra p""ti p .V. sol' 1 .iiij.d. p carta capitti. 

Id' tenet dimid' virgata q^m emit de li'edi 
bj pfati Baldewini "J reddit .xsx.d. t .x. 
d. de dono . 1 invenit ad q"mlibi sicca pea 
riam unu homine *? ad pcarias c'visie duos. 

Id' una acra in sanfeld 1 diin acra p""te p .viij.d. 
Una virgata Ire de q' contetio est in? Gvasiu 
f Wittm t firmariu suu de diiico tpe 
theudorici firmarii nuquam antea di 
visa ab alio dnico q'm idc theodoric^ dedit 
agneti mat' Gvasii de Breinford tenenda 
p .T. sol' ad vitam sua . Requisiti juratores 
si uuq'^m audierlt aliqm de pdecessoribj 
With forestarii jus hui»se in pdca v'gata 
v) ipm Will'm petente Tram ilia aliquo 
jure usq, nuc ultimo qn implacitavit Ger 
vasiii dicunt qd no. Dicut ecia q°d Godef r 
fit' mabilie fit' agnetis qui aliqn clama 
vit !ram illam sup Gvasiu aliud jus no 
tiabuit . set pax fca fuit int eo» tam ab 
tra ista q"'m de ilia q'^m tenet de epo , ita qd 
Gvasius teneret tota vita sua . 1 ipe Gode 
fridus succederet ei eo mortuo. 

De .XV, acria quas q''ndara tenuit edwin^ 
de fonte .xiij. sunt dnico. 

Rogus del Gord tenet acra t dimid' 1 pva 
pastura p .ij. sol' p Alexandr tirmar de ead'. 

Beat's relicta sagrlm pinke acram t .]. 
rodacn p .iij. sol' p eundc 1 invenit ad 
q'^mlibl pcariam .j. homine 1 dat .j. galtina. 

Satedus una aci^ 1 .j. mesag p .xxviij.d. 1 
una falce ad p"'tum 7 invenit ad q""mlibi 
pcariam .j. homine de ead'. 

Joti's de lamburn acra t dimid' prati de ead" p .xviij. 

Liecia tiiia Gilib'ti tenet .xr. acras p .iiij. sot*. 


? .viij.d. J .v.d. de maltselv' % .zv.d. [Suttonb.) 

de dono . J invenit unu homine ad fal 

cand' t unu ad fenu levand' ? cariSd' 

? unu homine ad singias pcarias • t ca 

riare blad' J ducere fimu . t dat .j. galli 

nam ? .rv. ova. 
Godman^ nepos lefwardi dim virg p .xxx. 

d. t .v.d. de maltselv' t .x.d. de dono ? de 

bet arare .ij. acras ? seminare "2 h'ciare 

ut alii . una falce ad p'^tum ? .j. hoiem 

ad levand' fenu "2 portand' 7 unu hoiem 

ad siccas jScarias . 7 .ij. ad pcarias cvisie 

? alias opac . Id tres acras p .xij.d. p 5i 9 vie. 
Wlnothus fir edwini dim virg p .xxx.d. 

J .iij.d. de maltselv* . *2 .x.d. de dono 7 

opatur cum cetis. 
Job's faber dim virg p .xxx.d. q^nda 

alurici cui n attinet p Alex firmar 

? .iij.d. de maltselv' 7 .viii.d. de do 

no 7 alias opac quas Godmann^. 
Gilib' fil* algot dim virg p .xxx.d. 7 .v. 

d. de maltselv' 7 .x.d. de dono 7 alias 

opac ut Godmannus. 
Edward^ fiP turb'ni dim virg p .xxx.d. 

7 .v.d. de maltselv* . 7 .x.d. de dono 7 

.ij.d. de Wardpeni. 
Job's fiP pagani dim virg . p .xxx.d. 7 

.v.d. de maltselv' 7 .x.d. de dono 7 .ij.d. 

de Wardpeni 7 oms opac pt arura 7 

ppl hoc tondet oves 7 agnos . 7 metit 

pisa dnici . Id' Job's b't dim virg cu fi 

lia Ric fir Wluredi p id' servic . adjecto 

q^d arat .ij. acras 7 seminat 7 b'ciat 

set n tondet oves pp7 ista. 
Wigod cu filia Ric dim virg p .xxx.d. 

7 .v.d. de maltselv' . 7 .viij.d. de dono 



sj ^^^H 

1 .ij.d. de Wardpeni . 7 alias opac ut Godmann^. 
GOnilda relicta Kob' fil' selidi dim virg p 


„..., ^J 

.xsx.d. ? .v.d. de maltselv' 1 .xA. de dono 


1 alias opac prel arura . set tondet oves . 1 


metit pisa. Eade ht una via p .i.d. 


Adam nepos Ooldhauek .viij. acras de quib^ 


tres sunt de diiico sup" . p .xxxij.d. 'i ,x\i. 
ft. de dono . de maltselv' .ij.d. 1 ob' . 'i inve 


nire .j. homine ad p"tum ? ad 6s pcarias . 
1 tondet oves 7 metit pisa *? una careta 


tam boBci If alias opac. 


Gilib' fir edwardi .viij. acres p id servic. 


Gunilda relicta edgari .v. acras p .xx.d. 


7 .ii.d. ■? oV de maltselv' 1 .v.d. de dono 


1 .j. hoTem ad p""tum 1 ad onis pcarias. 
Rob' fil' theodbaldi cQ filia Gilib'ti .v. ac'^s 


q"'rum due sut de diiico sup'^ p .xxix.d. 


f .i.d. de maltselv' 1 .ij.d. '3' ob' de dono. 


Walt* fil* Joh'is liog unu mesag" 1 .ij, ac""8 


p .ij. sol' t .vi.d. p o^alonib} vl opatur. 
Gilib' fil' aldithe 1 Alanus cii filius fiUe 


Godman .v. acras p .xx.d. de dono .viij. 


d. de maltselv' .ij. loh' .1 opac ut tra edgari. 

« "^ 


Job's de lamburri tenet .vi. acras q''ndani 
Wlurici 1 qui; acras qondam Baldewini 



p cartam capitti noiatas sup*^. 
Walt* chelea .ij. acras p .iij. sol' "5! venire 

ad precarias. 
Gilib' Arnulf^ ■! leffilda .iij. acras 1 dim 


p .xviij.d. 1 .i.d. de dono 1 .iij. q"" de maltselv'. 
^ *Brichtnotlius fil' Godman .v. acras p .xv. 



^k d. ■? p Bviciu Godefridi . Isti duo . Gilib'. 

* ^ 


^H 1 Brichtnotli^ ad pcarias siccas quilibi 
^^1 scit invenit .j. homine . 7 ad pcarias 


^^M cvisie quilibi .ij. homines . 1 tondent 


^H oves .Imetunt pisa. 7 ducut boscum. 



*i illi duo faciut carrum ad fimu • 7 ad [Suttoicb.] 

fenu *i ad bladu carriand' . t quilibt dat 

quique ova 7 quilibt una gallina. 
Henr de bathe J Gunilda relicta sagrim 

dim virg p .xxi.d. ? de dono .v.d. "i de 

maltselv' .ij. *2 ob' . 7 opatur sicut pro 

tanto terre. 
Oilib* "2 Edwardus tenuerut .iiij. acras 


p .iii. soV. p omni service | modo Ger 
vasius de Brainford cu virgata q est 
in contencone t reddit canonicis .ij. 
soP. t recipit .xij. ultra illas recupavit 


du moreret' NichoP Arch' firmar. 
Isti sunt operarii. 


jj' Alicia relicta henr piscatoris qui el re 

cepit relictam ppl pauptatem | Magr 

ph'. de hadha tenet .v. acras ? debet 

opaconem una omi septimana p an 

nu *i invenire .j. homine ad cms p 

carias *? .v.d. de dono . t .ij.d. *? ob\ de malt 

selver ? alias opa?ones scdm .v. acras. 
Lieveva filia Godwini .v. ac""s p id' Sviciu. 
Agnes relicta Godmani .v. ac""s p ide Sviciu. 
Edmund^ fil* vitalis .v. ac""s p ide Sviciu. 
Gilib' fir Rogi .v. acras p ide serviciu. 
Rob' fir theodbaldi .v. ac"^s p id' Sviciu. 
Witts fiP Turstani .v. acras p custodia bosci 

in qua no ht jus hereditariu n^ p eo aliq^d 

ostendit aliquo tpe . tempore au decani 

Rad' pdidit turstanus dcs quinq^ ac'^s 

n*^ eas tempore suo recupavit . set foresteria 

dimissa fuit ei % habuit p stipediis p 

annii .xxviij.d. 7 yy qui% acre assise funt 

Joh'i fabro p .xxviij.d. postmod' tepore 

alardi decani pposita ^stione Witto fil' 

turstani utru vellet eas hereditarie 


rvel ex gra rehabere . recepit illas en gra 
1 petito Waranto nttra exhibuit vt no 
luit e.thibere . II id' tenet una acrani 
de easarto p .ij.d. 
Galff fil' Ailwini .viij. acras de essarto 
pro .xvi.d. 

InquisiTo fca in manio de draiton Rog de 
Wigomia existete firmario. 
NoTa iuratoj. Manium istud defe 

Herevicus hobi. dit se vsua regem p 

Witts filius cl'lci. .viij. hidis cii una 

Rob'tus hobi. hida de solande . q tii 

■ Hug 61' Witii. no geldat cu aliis 

Job's fil' Nigelli. nisi qn comuniter 

Rad' pastiirel. fiut exaccones ^ hi 

Qihb'fil' derema. das . eat liftum t q'e 

Rob' fil' hugonis. turn ab omi secla 

hundredi t coiniiat^ 1 alios q sp'^tat 
ad diim rege in capitc ^ suoa bail 
lives. In diiico sut sexcies 1 vigiti °i 
.X. acre de Ira arabili 1 de prato circit 
.xvi. acre p divsa loca 1 circit .viij, 
acre de pastura bourn. Ibid' possut ee 
quinquagita ovps in instauro -t .v. 
vacce J unUs tauir' 1 .xij. porci J un^ 
verrus . potest Wainagiu curie fieri 
cij una caruca octo capitu aimt cu 
consuetudinib) vitiate. Dicut ecia 
juratorea qM eindatum est manium 
p Rog de Wigornia 6rmar ad valen 
cia dimidie marce. In dnico est mo 
lendinli sup colebrolt . qM po! poni ad 
firma p .xl. sot' . salvia cuatamtis. 
v'gata isti^ ville cotinet ,xvi, ac'^s 
Isti tenent de dominico. 

Osgod^ nepua lefwini tenet unu meaag 


cu dimid' acra . J oj^tur q'^libt septim'^ p [D&ATTon.] 

annu semel 7 het in autupoQ •viij. gar 

bas fnimti de blado dni. 
Ranulf^ fil' Ranulfi unQ mesag cu piscaria 

t una croftam p .iij. sol' • t invenit uni 

falce ad p'^tum falcand' t una furca. 
Gilib' fiP edwardi .j. mesag t .j. acra p .xii. 

d. 7 pot' poni ad opacones 7 est Im opabil' 

ut {ra osegodi. 
Herevic^ hobi tenet dimid' virgatS p .xviij. 

d. q^ndam Walfi osegod cui n attinet p 

firmarios 7 sic dicit p alard' decan • Memor. 
Adam fil' Rob'ti mcatoris .j. mesag ? dim 

acram p .xij.d. data ei in escambiii p 

placia ubi gragia J gardinQ 8t ext'^ porta. 
Witts mangant dimid' acra p .ix.d. q<>nda 

Witti sutoris cui n5 attinet Wigorii. 
Rob' hobi .j. acram de essarto p .vi.d. q^n 

dam Rob'ti . una acra q'^m q^ndam te 

nuit ide Rob' p ob' . est in dnico. 
Teodoric^ fil' Aldithe .j. acram p .xii.d. J seqr 

pcarias 7 . semel in autupno anno flagellat 

semen J sarclat J alia opa pre7 aratura 

t averagiu . si tn hi caruca arabit 7 fac 

sicut osegodus . s"". 
Rob* fil' iefwini .j. croftam p .xij.d. nd 

opatur 7 unu mesag q<>ndam Aluredi. 
Rob' palmeri^ fil' hersent .ij. acras t unum 

mesag p .xij.d. 
Ranulfi de mora .j. croftam p .vi.d. 
Hereveius junior dimid' acram q^ndam suo 
nilde sine servicio quia escambiata est 
p alia dimid' acra mag competeti q est 
in dnico p R. de Wigorii 7 c6suevit red 
dere de acra escambiata .iiij.d. 
Walls molendinari^ .j. mesag . ? .iij. acras 

BCCLB8t« 8 

tp .iij. sol', p Rob'tum simplice . t postmod' 
p captm ad vita suam ut dicit 1 p' poai ad 
opaconem sic tra osegodi. 
Rad' pasturel .ij. acras p .xii.i. p theodoric 
firma? . It una placia ah porta sua p .vi.d. 
Ric fil' Golde acrara J dim p .xviij.d. cu 
suo mesag p Rob'm simplice . °I est Tra 
opabir sic tra Osegodi. 
Rob' de fote .j. mesag p .xij.d, p Rob'tum 
decanum J captm. 

I Witts fil' theodorici una acra Ire arabit' . J du 
as p'^'te p .iii. sol', p Rob' decan t captm. 
H ug hugelini .j. placia de comuni past'^a. 
p ,v\ d. Id' ,ij. acras p .ij.d. p Rob' simplice. 
Petr^ de scaUri .j, placiam p .xviij.d. p A. dec, 
Eanulf^ de mora una placia p .vi.d. p q»m 

fuit trasitus bou ad curiam. 
Rad' 61' presbri unu mesag ? una placia 
p .viij.d. Id' dimid' acram infra septa cu 
rie sue J extra curia suam in mora una 
acram t dimid' Ire arabil' ad austru p .xii.d. 
p decanu *? caplm . quas clamavit Rob' hobi 
tenere cu alia tra sua . t sub p'stino service, 
set capittm ei hoc negavit quia plus ha 

buit quam defendat. 
Witts poer .ii. acras p .vi.d. 

Emma reUcta fullonis .j. placia p .xii.d. 

Ric faber .j. mesag t .j. croftam p .xij.d. 
Matitl relicta Ric .una crofta p .xij.d. 

Alditha reiictacoci .j. placiam p .xii.d. 
Galfr Grai una placiam p .ij.d. 
Ysaac fil' Walt'i una goram p .xij.d. 
De curia de h'emodeswrthe p ductu aq p 
^am sci pauli .ij. sol'. 

Edmund® pasturel una acram p .viij.d. 


Isti tenent de tra assisa. [Drattoiie.] 

Galfr Grai tenet una virgati p •iiij. sol'. 
Hug hugelini t ysaac .ij. v^tas 7 dim p .x. sol'. 
Ranulf^ piscator .j. virgata p .iiij. sol'. 
Rob' hobi .j. hidam dim virg min^ p .xiiij. sol'. 
Rob* de fonte dimid* virg p .ij. soF. 
Galfr de fonte dimid' virg p .ij. soP. 
Rog moledinari^ .j. virg p .iiij. sol'. 
Ric fir edwardi cum filia Wloiet dim v>g p .ij. s*. 
Walt's poer .j. virg p .iiij. sol*. 
Hug fil' Ric .j. virg p iiij. sol'. 
Witts fil* ctici dimid' hidam ? unu mesagiu 

p octo sol*. 7 .vi.d. 
Gunilda relicta n^ .j. virg p iiij. soP. 
Job's fil* Nigelli .j. virg p iiij. sol*. 
Witts fil* Aloredi di£ virg p .ij. sol'. 
Rob* fil* Kweneve una virg p iiij. sol*, cui^ 

medietas fuit Rob* hobi. 
Herevei^ iunior fil* WaKi .j. virg p iiij. sol*. 
Rad* pasture! .j. virg p iiij. soP. 
Rob* fil* lefwini dim virg p ij. sol'. 
Rob* palmer^ .j. virg p iiij. sol*. 
Ranulf' de mora dimid* virg p ij. sol*. 
Her^vei^ hobi uni virg p -iiij. sol*. 
Rad* fir preslm dimid' hida p octo sol*. 
Witts poer dimid* virg p ij. soP. 
Matilda rt^ictm Ric dimid* virg p ij« soP. 
$inj:)i i$tv>4 deb^ inv^uire unu hooiinc ad 
fla^Uand* s^men $eme) in seistooe hyema 
U . 1 ^libt cnuruca debet arare uni acram i 
hyt^me If h'oiare If ^u^ti qui tenet dimid* 
Y^tas vl p)u$ iWb<nt unu avajiil p an 
num qkI fiftii^ )K>rtaud& ^ siH firmari' die 
q^ iWbeut duv^ avi^^ia ^t de qoialibt dooao 
imv^nm unu iHNftuiif id 9MvliAd* t de 
su^puP duttkP vifiEi^t^ vl ptifts lei»ettlib' 


unu homine cum falce 1 de singtis reliq's do 
mib} unii homine ad spar^dam h'bam. 
1 tunc hre dimid' summa frumti 7 unu 
multone 1 una scultellata salia 1 unu ca 
seu t de singut domib} invenire mm ho 
mine ad [jcariam sine cilio .7 ad pcarias 
cum cibo omnes oparioa suoa ducere. 
Inquisitio fca in manerio de berna ma 
gro ph' de hadda existete f mar. 


Noia jurato^. 
Wilts Burgenais. 

Jacobus piscator. 


JoVb de la lane. 

Rob' ppositUB. 

Joh's Bruz. 
Witts Bradhege. 
Nichol" piacator. 

Dicunt juratores q''d 
Maiiium istud defen 
dit se vsus rege p .iiij. 
hidis . iste quatuor hi 
de debent arare de Era 
archiepi .xii. acras actt 
villata -viij. acras . t 
canonici Londonias 
vi eot firman^ .iiij. 

acras 1 hre cibum ad curia archiepi. 
t debent invenire ad una majore pcaria 
cvisie archiepi .xviij. homines 1 ppoait 
de b'na .1 hre bis cibum ad curia archiepi. 
t debet villata reddere .xxxij.d.* ad curia ' 
die nativitatis Sci Joh'is bapt , ? duo 
homines de villata 1 ppositus seq' omia 
halimota si curia archiepi volu'it . 1 se 
quitur airas cu uno homine pit cum 
uno homie archiepi ad nutu servietis 
archiepi. In diiico sut .ccc. acre de tra ara 
bill. In prato circit .xxx. acras. It pvu 
p""tum quod vocatur cotmannemad' 
net q°t acras contlneat nesciut. Sunt 
ibi circit* .xxviij. acre de pastura . pos 

sunt ibid' 

I instauro sexcies 
poBsunt ibid' te triglta an 
Lis animalibs carucar . posi 



ee viginti porci . potest wainagiu fieri cum [Bbucu.] 

duab} carucis . unde opteat in caruca ee 
•viij. boves J duo equi • pi{ cum c5suetu 
dinib} villate . 7 unus herciator . Molendin 
fuit ibi q^^ndam . m^ nttm pp{ defcm aque. 
Pistrinu novu recepit magr philipp^ de had 
ha pcii .X. soV . J de tanto melioratu est manium {pe 
philippi fir ioh'is . 1 defioratum in def cu pti 
um domo^ . q'^rum tn numum recep magr 
phiUpp^ simt cu aliis implemtis scdm cy 
rographum philippi de berne. 

Isti tenent de dominico. 

Witts burgesis tenet .iiij. acras p .xx.d. ? .iij. 

d. ad auxiliu uni^ marce . t tondet oves . t 

agnos J spargit fenu duob5 diebs ? levat 

fenu cum uno homie q""m diu op^ est . *? 

tassat fenu ad cibum dni % seqtur oms 

pcarias ? facit octo opaiones in autupno 

J dat unu gallu J una gallina ad Natale 

"2 .iiij. ova ad pascha . J spargit fenu du 

obus diebus. 
Will's bradege .vi. acras p .xiij.d. ^ .iiij. 

d. ad marcam "2 .vi. ova "2 duas galli 

nas t facit omi septim una opatoem ? 

aUas opac ut Witts burgesis. 
Rob' fir joh'is .iiij. acras p .xviij.d. J .iij. 

d. ad marcam J unu gallu ad natal' 

J oms alias opac facit ut Witts. 
Walls de estb'ne .ij. acras p .x.d. ? .iii. ob'. 

ad marcam . 7 ova ? .ij. gallinas ? ali 

as opaiones ut Witts. 
Alditha filia Alex .ij. acras p .xv.d. t .iii. 

ob*. ad marca ? fac alias gsuel ut Witts. 
Matitt filia Ragenilde .v. acras "2 dim' p 

•xii.d. J .iiij.d. ad marcS 7 opa{ ut Witts. 

bradege "2 alias 9sue{ ut Wilts burgesis. 

" ECOLBIsiuE^. PAULfLONDIN. A,D, 1222. 

I Witts de ecctia 

,inj. ; 



marca 1 gallinas *? oSia alia opa ut Wifts Burgesis. 

Godwin^ de ecctia .vi. acras p pV firmar p .xii.d. 
"i .iiij.d. ad marca 1 oiiiia alia q Witta Bradege, 

Jacob' fil' sewgel s. acras p .iiij. sol'. 7 .%.i. 1 ad 
marca .vi.d. 1 invenit duns homies ad pea 
rias cvisie % unu homine ad spgend' fenum. 
set no ponit faldam cu aliis iieq, habi ave 
ria cum aliis in pastura dominici. 

Oms isti ponut faldam sua singtis annis sup 
Iratn dnici ab hokedai usq, ad adrincta *? 
habebut ibi oves ? oiiiia animalia sua 1 p 
custodia cujuslibi averii datit B'cario dni 
.iij. ob'. exceptis ovib) quas ipimet custodi 
unt 7 pascuntur in eomuni pastura diii . 
a pascha usq, ad pa festum sci michael'. % si 
ita no custodiutur . no dabut argntum. 
Tste tenet ad censum in villa de b'nes. 

Job's fir safugeli tenet una virgata q''ndam 
Gilib'ti cui no attinet p agnete de b'ne 1 p^ 
p .R. archid' Colocestr p .x.d. 7 dat .vij.d. ad 
marca f .iiij. de maltselv' ? una gallina 
? debet tria opa oiiii septim p annu nisi fest* 
impedierit . % arare diraid' acram . 7 flagel 
lare seme 7 aemin&re 7 h'ciare 7 ee quiet^ ^^^^ 
trib} opacionib} . 7 dat dimid' quarter de raante (e 
7 in q'^dragesima arare tm dimid' acram. 
7 debet .x. ova . duobj dieb} debet falcare ad 
cibum dni .7 levare fenu 7 portare ad curia 
7 invenire duos homies ad offis pcarias 7 
invenire una carecta duob3 diebj ad fenum 
7 ad fimum. 
Witts ruffus una virgata q''ndam aleX cui n6 
attinet p R. archid* p .x.d. 7 p id' serviciu. 

Job's fil' Witti una virg p .s.d. 7 p id' Sviciii. 

Job's fir Wlfini una virg p .x.d. 7 p id' Sviciu. 


Juliana relicta Safuli .j. virg p id' Svicium 
Rob' de tamisia una virg escaetam ? assisam 

p philipp p id* servicium. 
Wimarc filia rob* una virg p .x.d. p id* gvic. 
Matitt relicta alex una virg p .x.d. ^ p id' Svic. 
Walts fil* hug una virg p .x.d. ? p id* Svic. 
Ric de Nastok una virg q^daoi Wlwardi al 

bi cui n5 attinet p agnete p .x.d. J p id* Svic. 
Galfr' fir sawgel cum filia joh'is una virg 

p .x.d. p id* servicium. 
Jacob^ piscator una virg q^ndam Goscelini 

cui no attinet p magrm philippu p .x. 

d. ? p id* servicium. 
Pentecostes 61' Gilib' .j. virg p .x.d. *? p id* Svic. 
Gilib' fil* ioh*is de b'nes una virg q^ndam ail 

niari cui no attinet p philippu de b*nes p .x. 

d. ? p id* seiTicium. 
Rob* de Westm una virg q<^ndam fi alex fil* 

alurici cui fi attinet p philipp de b*ne p 

.x.d. ? p id' servicium. 
Galfr fil' ioh* .j. virg p .x.d. ? p id* serviciu. 
Joh*s Brus 7 Gilib* fil* Galfr una virg q**ndam 

Wlvii cui fi attinet p magrm philipp p x. 

d. ? p id' servicium. 
G alf r faber una virg p ferris carucar faci 

endis *? debet id* serviciu cum supradcis si 

no facit ferramta . modo facit ferramenta 

? dat duos sol'. 
Joh*s fil* Rob'ti .v. acras p .ij. sol* . 7 .iij.d. ? ob*. 

ad marca 7 debet falcare una die 7 levare 

fenu *? invenire unu homine ad oms pea 

rias ? dare quiq, ova 7 ducit fimu duob^ 

dieb) *? fenum dfi est necesse. 
Nicholaus piscator .vij. acras q^ndam paga 

ni nuc p philipp de b'ne p .iiij. sol' p oJiibj 

7 invenit unu homine ad pcaria cervisie. 

■0CLK8IA a. PAULI LONDIN. A.D. 1222. 

Tola villata dat annuu auxiliu uni^ marce. 



Ifirotulaco in itirie Rogi de Clifford 1! soco^ suoj. 
Anno regni Regis Edwardi quinto. 

De Fulcone Lovel p .x, acr viles assarti i Chingeford de feod' 
De Apsolone filio Baldewini p una roda ibid'./'ecc* sci pauli Lond' 
V i bladit. Ic. 

De Johe le pineter p una roda & di. ibid'. 
De Ad 61* molendinar p .j. roda ibid'. 
De Sell fir Thome p di acr ibid', 
De Johe le folur p di acr. ibid'. /"Nichil. 

De Rico le mouner p di acr, ibid'. 
De Jotle le Carettcr p dl acr ibid'. 
De Wilto Mayne p .j. rod' ibid'. . 
De Agnete picot p .i. rod' ibid'./ 

Inrotulacio in Itiiie Rogi Ext"'nei ^ socob suo^. Anno Regni 

Reg Edwardi viccsimo. 
'Simon de Stanbnigg qui fuit Canoic^ Sci Pauli Lond' 1 mortnus 
est vastavit de novo boiicuni de Hebrugg qui ptim ad coitatem 
ejusd' ecctie. Magf Job's de Luca mo" tent q'^i firmari^ ejusd' 
ecctie . Et mo" venit attornat^ ecctie sci Pauli 1 ostendit carta 
Reg Johis p q"" cocedit deo 1 ecctie sci Pauli 1 Epo J successorib) 
OS fras *? possessiones suaa If tenemta sua liba ^ quieta de oib) 
exaccoibj cii nibj libtatib} 7 litis 9suetudinibj in bosco t piano 
ubiq, Boluta liba 1 quieta de vistes f reward' foreste 11 de canib) 
auis expeditand' % de aliis placitis 1 queret 1 occasionib) foreste. 
Et qd capiat in boscis suis pp'is quiq*) eis ncce fuit ad pp'os 
usus snos sine visu 7 phibicoe forcstarios. Ideo sunt quiet! de 
vasto predco. 7 simitr de imbladitura de vetibus assart % pprestuf 
Vde tr suis de Chingeford. 

Fragment q/* a Book containing an Inquisition of the Manors 
belonging to the Dban and Chapter of St. Paul's, London, 
in the year 1181, commonly called 


preserved amongst Dr. RawUnson's manuscripts (JB. 372) in the 

Bodleian Library at Oxford. 

Annus ab incarnatione dni 
millesim^ centesimus octogesi 
mus p^mus. Annus pontificat^ 
alexandri pape tertii vicesim^ 
p^mus. Annus regni regis angles 
henrici scdi vicesimus septim^. 

Annus regni regis anglo^ henrici 
filii regis undecimus. Annus tns 
lationis epi Herefordensis Gileber 
ti folioth in lundoniense epm oc 
tavus decimus tunc temporis ef 
fluebat : quando facta fuit inq^ 
sitio maneriorum beati pauli 
p Radulfum de diceto decanu 
lundoniensem. Anno p^mo sui 
decanatus assistentibj ei tarn ma 
gistro Henrico de Norhamtona q'^^m 
dno Roberto de diford. 



De maneriis beati pauli p ordine i. 

Qui contalerint beato paalo ma ii. 

Qui Reges anglomm immanitBtem induUerunt iii. 

De cartis p ordinem positis vel 

notatis tali signo ^ 
Status ecctianim que fundate sut iiii. 

extra lundoniam. 
Qoam firmam reddiderint mane v. 

ria temporib} Wlmanni decani 

& cuius pondeiis fuerit vel sit 

panis canonicorum. 
Status ecctiarum que fondate 5t vi. 

intra lundoniam. 
De terrulis canonico^ bati pauli vij. 

Quid solvat' canonicis in natali dni viij. 

Quid canonicis in pascha ix. 

Quid canonicis soluatur in festo x. 

Quid soluatur canonicis in festo xi. 

sancti Michaelis. 

Facta est inquisitio aput caden yjo. Jd^ Jan. 

donam : hereberto cantuariensi ar 
chidiacono existente firmrrio Jo 
hanne de hospitali tunc temporis 
archidiaconi predict! pcurante 
negotia. Roberto mantello viceco 
mite tunc temporis p herefordia 
& essexiam. 


Facta est inquisitio aput kenes v®. Id^ Jan. 

wrdam sub eodem firmario sub 

eodem pcuratore. 
Facta est inquisitio aput audele iij^. Id^ Jan. 

iam. Nicholao de sigillo eiusdem 

ville firmario. 
Facta est inquisitio aput Sando ij^. Id^ Jan. 

nam Ricardo ruffo & Ricardo de 

Sandoii tunc firmariis. 
Facta est inquisitio aput belchem xviij<>. kt feb. 

Ricardo Ruffo firmario. 
Facta est inquisitio aput Wicha xvij®. kt. feb. 

Roberto de fulebam firmario. 
Facta est inquisitio aput xv^. kt. feb. 

eduluesnase in ecctia de kirkebi 

Ricardo Ruffo firmario. 
Facta est inquisitio aput Titwoldi xiij®. kt. feb. 

tonam. Gileberto Manente firmario 
Facta est inquisitio xij^ kt. feb. 

aput Tilingeham Wtto & theo 

dorico fr'^ib5 tunc firmariis 
Facta est inquisitio aput Berlinga x<>. kt. feb. 

Ricardo ruffo firmario. 
Facta e inquisitio aput Burnewel xi^. kt. feb. 

lam eodem Ricardo Ruffo firmario. 
Facta est inquisitio vij^ kt. feb. 

de nortuna odone de dammarti 

no firmario. 
Facta est inquisitio de Nastocha code die. 

Johanne de maregni firmario. 
Facta € inquisitio aput Chingefor vjo. kt. feb. 

diam Galtero firmario. 
Facta est inquisitio aput Bema v^. kt. feb. 

Jobanne firmario. 


Facta e inqoisitio aput Draito iiij^ kt. fefe. 

nam Wtto Gloucestrensi archidia 

cono % Roberto Simplice tunc fir 

Facta est inquisitio apat Sattoni iij^ kt. fefe. 

Nicholao londoniensi archidia 

cono firmario. 

Hec inquisitio tota facta est infra 
viginti dies duos. 

Ut facilius Veritas erueret' : p 
maniorum capacitate p num^'o 
colonorum m^ plores modo paa 
ciores eligendos decrevim^ artato* 
prestita jurisjurandi religione 
quod ad interrogata nee verum 
supprimerent nee assererent 
falsum scienter S3 iuxta conscienti 
am suam in comune pferrent 
p quot hydis unaquec]^ villa se 
defenderet tempore Regis benrid 
tempore Wfti decani vers^ Rege qW 
tunc fiscaUb5 commodis appende 
retur p annum vicecomiti .s. vel 
bundredi p^sito • quidve m^ • q'd 
modo soluatur coUegio canonico^ 
quot byde sint in dominio . quot 
assise . quot libere . q^ geldabiles . qH 
in dominio sint arabiles acre . q^t 
in prato . quot in nemore • sive ve 
stito siue iion vestito • quid instau 
ramenti possit apponi vel in ma 
risco vel in alia pasture. Qui colo 
norum libertate gauderent: q*ve 
grevarenf opibus • qui censuales 
quiue cottarii : Quid melioretidis 



accreuerit in unoquoq^ man io • 
qui'ue man ium • senserit det'men 
turn vel in deterioratione domo^ 
vel in vastatione nemo^. Quis 
terminos moverit vel preterie 
rit Quia vero prauorum inten 
tio semp est prior ad detrahendu 
lector de reprehensione sollicitus 
circa maneriorum inquisitione 
aliquid omissum notauerit h 
id inquirendum negligentie de 
putet S3 iuratorum vel errori 
vel fraudi. 

Hec est inquisitio de Cadendona. 

Manerium de Cadendona 
defendebat se tempore 


Joh'es sacerdos. 
Reginaldus p'posit^ 
Osbert^ p'posit^ 
Cowin^ de g'^na 
S erio. 

regis henrici 
primi et Witti 
decani vers^ 
regem ^ dece 
hydis et adhuc 
ita est. Vicecho 


Hec est inquisicio de bealchamp. 

Juratores. Vfanerium 

Witts trauers -"•* de beal 

Ric archarius ham defende 

Rob' fit ailwini bat se tempore 

H ug de Maldon Regis henrici p 

Larabt^ gross^ .v. hydis versus 

Rob fir wlwin regem H adhuc 

Aschitillus ita est . Vicecomi 

H enric^ de bosco ti tunc dabant' 

Stonhard^ .iiij. sot *{ pposito 

Alwinus ult"' bosc hundredi .v. sot 

Headric^ henge f manum fir 

Hie nig marii J adhuc 

ita est ? reddit 

m^ canonicis .viij. firmas plenas. 

.vj. in pane ^ ceruisia . et in unaq*q^ 

firnia .xxx. sot ad liberationem . J 

duas alias utramq^ in sexagesim' 


Isti tenent de dominie. 

Robtus psona tenet .xxx. acras de 
dominio in excambium .xxx. acr*^/ 
de wluiueland Idem h't duas ac" s 
p .v.d. s. stanwinesland . Idem Rob* 
h't moram unam t*um acrarum 
p .xiiij.d. Idem Norlei .ij. acras 
in pastura p .viij.d. J hec dicit se 
tenere p capitulum. 
Wimarc vidua dimidiam virgata 

p .iiij. sot. Eadem .v. acras p .xvj.d. 
Eadem ac"^m H dimid' in forelande p .vj.d. 

Rog' fit eadwini .j. ac in augment 
terre s'. 

OP RALPH DB DICETO, A.D. 1181. ] 15 

Rob' Rufius .j. ac^^m in augffitu terre. 
Lamb in Schiringa .iiij. acras p .iiij. 

d. Idem tenet .v. acr in b'^defeld p .xiiij.d. 
Rob' fil' Wlurum .ij. ac in augmta tre. 
Witts travers^ duas acras in augmen 

turn de Worterichesland. 
Rob psona .v. acras in aagmentu 

de Wluiueland. 
Henricus de bosco .v. acras p .xyj.d. 

p Ricardum Ruffum. 
Alanus pelliparius .j. acr p .iiij.d. 
Robt^ fit Wlrum .j. ac p .iij.d. p Ri. Ruf. 
Lambt^ fili^ Sirichi dimid acram in 

augmentu terre. 
Herebert^ .iij. pasture p .iij.d. 
Lefwinus .ij. acr p .xij.d. 
Radulfus ppositus .xxiiij. acras . p 

.V. sot *2 .vj.d. 
Alan^ fit Algari .v. acras • p .xx.d. 
Godwinus"! Theodoricus .j. acram 

in augmentum terre. 
Absolonus .j. acram p .xij.d. 
Waltus de langethot .v. acr. p .xvj.d. 

Idem h't maras in hauehid p .ij.d. 
Godwin^ capent"" .j. acr. in augnit t're. 
Cuparius .j. acr. in augmtu terre. 
Stanhard^ in colecrof .ij. acr. in aug t«. 
Hugo Wind le haspeheg . s .iiij. acras 

in augmtu tre • t stratam p d. 
Goistanus .iiij. acr. p .xiij.d. 
Hereueius .ij. acras p .viij.d. 
Rog .j. acram ? dimid p .vj.d. 
Golstan^ *2 Heruei^ .j. holina p .xij.d. 
Robt^ fit Alwini holemede p .xij.d. 


Henricus de bosco unam rodam prati 
in wiga p .i.d. 

H ugo de bosco .iiij. acras p .xij.d. 

Gladewine unu masagium p .iiij.d. 

Wlwineman unu masagiu p .iiij.d. 

Rob fit Godhu .j. masagium p .ij.d.? ofe. 

Rad ? Robtus .j. acr. p'^ti in augmtu terre. 

Hugo de maldona dim. ar 8n servitk). 

Remanent in dominio de terra arafe cir 
citer .ccccc. acras J circiter .xiiij. acras 
in prato . in bosco roajori circiter sex vi 
ginti acras. In bosco de Lanehele circit^^ 
•v. acras. In doreleth circiter .x. acras. 
In manerio possunt hre quinquies .xx. 
oues. In dominio sunt tres caruce ? 
preTea .iij. dimidie acre prati in extede. 

Isti sunt libere tenentes. 

Rob tenet circiter .1. acras in pitewines 

bale p .xiij. sot. Idem garde *{ brade 

feld circiter .xxx. acras p .iiij. sot. Ide 

wimeresland .xv. acras p .iiij. sot. 
Idem admercsland .xv. acras p'.iiij.S. 
Idem eadrichesland .x. acras p .ij.S. 
Idem de hale .i. acram p .ij.d. Idem 

wluiueland . unam uirgatam ? di 

midiam p .xij. sot. 
Hugo de maldon .ij. virg. p .xx. sot. 
Ric sacerdos dimidiam uirgatam p 

.iiij. sot p Ricardum Ruffum. 
Ricardus archarius .iiij. uirgatas 

p .xxviij. sot. & debet facere siuta 

scire & hunredi. 
Rob fit WalK .XV. ac^'s p .iiij. sot. 
Hugo Wind .iij. uirgatas .J .v. acras. 

OF RALPH DB DICBTOj A.D. 1181. 117 

p .xziii. sot. % .iij.d. % debet arare .xij. ac. p ann. 
GaK langetot .x. acres p .xzxij.d. 
Rob. fili^ alwini .j. uirg. p .viij. sot. 
Wlwinus man .x. acres p .xxxij.d. H vij. 

acres 7 dimidiam p .ij. sot. 
Gladewinus .vij. acr. H dim. p .ij. sot. 
Wiffs alwini .j. uirg. p .viij.5. p fir. 
H ugo de boscQ .vij. acr % dim. p .ij. sol. 
Aschitillus unam uirgatam • cuius una 

medietas fuit ad censum . altere opa 

ria s; m^ reddit .viij. sot p . Ric. Ruffu. 

Idem .vj. acr. p .ij. sot. 
Asolon .v. acres p .xvi.d. 
Richer^ t Emold^ .x. acr. *{ di. p .iij. sot. 
Herefetus dimid uirg. p .iiij. sot. 
Rog fit edwini .xxij. acras % dimid' 

p .vi. sol J .iiij.d. 
W Its trauers^ ? Gonnilda uxor alwini 

•X. acres p .xxxij.d. s; Wtts tenet .vj. H 

femina .iiij« 
O ros isti arent & metunt ad pcarias 

dni H ad cibum eius sine forisfacto. 

Isti tenent terras oparias. 

Auicia dimidiam uirgatam. 
Stanhardus dimidiam uirgatam. 
Ranulf^ di. uirg. J dat .xij.d. pro 

uno clause. 
Lamfet^ gross^ dimid uirg. opar *{ 

aliam dimid' uirg. p .iiij. sot. 
Lambt^ fit Ailmeri. di. uirg. 
Rob fit Wlurun .j. uirg. p .viij. sot. 
Rob de flawingeham dimid . uirg. 
Henric^ de bosco • dimid . uirg. opa^ 

? aliam • p .iiij. sot. 

« « 3|e 4c ♦ 






Anno dni^.xlo hugoe de sco 
eadmudo existente custode man ii de 
bello campo holes infra sc'pti tenen 
tes Iras de dnico q'^s vocant Inlan 
des sn aucto^^ capitii i augmtaverut 
redditu assisum ^ ut auctoritas capi 
tuli intveniret. ut in 9tineti seq^{. 

Rogs ho ecce p q^'dam ae"" pasture de 
Broke 9suevit dare .vi. den de ce 
tero dabit .viii.d. 

Henr pictor 9suevit dare .vi.d. pro 
una roda . de ceto dabit .vii.d. 

Rogus canoic^ 9suevit dare p una 
ac"" Ire .vi.d. m® dabit .viii.d. *? p 
longa via iux* sturfeld' ? alia via 
p inediQ sturfeld' .iiij.d. 

Thomas de Imie cosuevit dare p 
una acra tre % dimid' .vi.d. De ce 
tero dabit .ix. den. 

Rogus fir Robti de Sco Andrea 9sue 
vit dare .viij.d. p duob} ac^s ¥re de 
ce!o dabit .xij. den. 


Roba^ fiP philippi 9suevit dare pro 

una dimid' roda tre .ij.d. De ceto 

dabit .iij.d. 
H ugo fir Gilfeti de colecroft 9suevit 

dare p .vi. acris {re .iij-S. De cetero 

dabit .iiij.3. 83 p'^tu ht sn capitto. 
Cecilia relicta adleston 9sueyit da 

re p una roda &e .iij. ob. De ceto 

dabit .iij. den. 
Editha relicta Hugelin 9sueyit 

dare p .iij. ac*s Ire .xij.d. De ce 

tero dabit .xviij.d. 
Johs pelipari^ 9suevit dare p una 

ac'*^ {re .iiij.d. De ceto dabit .vi.d. 
Henr dux 9sueYit dare p .iij. acris 

tre .xii.d. De ceTo dabit .xviij. 83 

p**"tu ht sn capitto p .viij.d. 
Rogs de Bosco 9suevit dare p .v. 

acris fre *t dimid' 1 pastura .xxvij.d. 
De cetero dabit .xxxix.d. 
Warin^ de Stanstrete 9suevit da 

re p una ac"' fre .iiij.d. De cetero 

dabit .vi.d. 
Frejesent filia philippi 9sueyit 

dare p .iij. acris ire .xii.d. De ce 

tero dabit .xviij. den. 
Ric carettari^ 9sueyit dare p una 

ac*^ Tre ? una roda .v.d. De cefo 

dabit .vij.d. *{ ob'. 
Auicia relicta Gilhti suoris 9sueyit 

dare p duabus acris 7re .viij.d. De 

cetero dabit .xii.d. 
Adelicia de pentelawe 9suevit da 

re p una acra ?re t dimid' .vi.d. De 

cetero dabit .ix.d. 


Wilferun de WestBnde 9saeYit dare 

p una acra tre .iiij.d. De oefo dab^ .vi.d. 
Witts de pitewineshale 9suevit 

dare p uno pvo mesuagio M.A. 

De cetero dabit .vi.d. *{ ob'. 
Reginald^ de Bumevile 9suevit 

dare p duab3 acris fre .yiij.d. De 

oetero dabit .xij.d. 
Gemma relicta canterel 9suev^ 

dare p .v. ac^ &e .xx.d. De ceto 

dabit .xxx.d. 
Lucia vidua 9suevit dare p una 

pecia fre .iij.d. De cefo dab^ .iiij.d. 
Walt'us asketin 9suevit dare p 

.vi. acris fre .ij.?. De cefo dab^ .iij.S. 
Rogus le vinur J Rog fil' Mauricii 

9suevit dare p una ac*^ pasture .iiij.d. 

De cefo dabunt .vi.d. 
Gibt de SCO Andrea 98uevit dare 

p .XX. acris ire .vi.8. .ix.d. De cetero 

dabit •ix.S. t .ix.d. t restituit p'^tu 

qd' tenuit inf p'^tu de dnico vsus 

Clare ? fossatu suu usq^ ad p^'^tuin 

Robti de tillebi cu angulo p'^ti us^ 

Witts fir Lambti 9suevit dare p 

•X. acris {re .ij.S. .viij.d. ob'. modo 

dabit .iiij.5. S3 p'^m ht sn capitfo. 
Lambtus fab tenet .v. ac'^s Ire de 

inlande t fecit, incremtii p q'^libet 

ac**" .J. ob*. J p't'ea faciet ferramtu 

vin^ caruce p pdcis .v. acris. P'tVa 

tenet .x. acras de vefi feffamto . p 

quib3 .x. acris no faciet aliqud Svici 

um nisi ferraffita dua^ carucarQ 


qui tenet dimid' virg • p .iii. sot. 
de qua dimid' yirgat' reddit messiom 
uni^ acre *! .ij. p Mauricu leveric 
t mesuagiii p .iiij.d. "2 mesoagiu 
ut gang' clausum de novo cu as 
sarto qd fecit ei magr hugo de 
Lond'. p .xij.S. % fiiit.oparia. 
Rofetus leffrich tenebit omia tene 
menta sua sicut p^us tenuit excep 
ta una pasture que vocal Roche 


q'^m restituit *{ dat incren^tQ .iiij. 

Witts mot carpentarius 9suevit 

dare p una acra Ire .viij.d. mo 

do dabit .x.d. 
Ricard^ abelote nd feffat^ nisi p 

firmariu 9suevit dare annuatim 

•iiij.V. De cetero dabit .iiij.S. .vij.d. 

Robert^ swonild tenet .xv. ac""s 

a tpre cui' no extat memoria ut 

dnt . ? 9suevit dare .iiij.5. De ce 

tero dabit .vi.s. vi.d. medie 

tas aute dee terre ab antiquo 

fuit operaria. 








Haec est conTentio inter capitulom Landoniensis ec d e rig Beati 
Pinuli et Kobertum filiam Ailwini saoerdotis. Capitulam ooncedit 
ei Wicham manerium soom ad firmam, qoamdiu Tixerit et inde 
bene senrierit. Primo qaidem anno pro iTiiLs. et iiiLd. et pro 
i. panra firma panis et cerrisue com tuA. elemosine. Deinoeps 
vexo singulis annis pro iL firmis breTibus panis et oenrisie com 
Tii.d. elemosine, qoanim priorem Aidet in feato sancti Martini, 
quando evenerit die dominica ; qnando Tero die aKa, tnin fiaciet earn 
die dominica ante festnm, et similiter de secimda firma ad Nativi- 
tatem sancti Johanuis Baptists ; ad nnamqnamqne Ycro de ij. 
firmis in denariis L solidos« 

Hoc est autem instaunusientam, quod debet reddere Robertas, 
sciKcet XTi« bores* quemqi]ie predatnm xxriiiaL qnatoor eqnos pre- 
ciatos x«s.« octies xx. ores quamqne prectatam iiiLd. et xxiiiL poroos 
quemque preciatum T.d. : unnm Terre m com noTem poroeDis pre- 
ciatum xix«d« ; trij^inta ri. capras qoamque preciatam liiLd^ onum 
piumbum pivctatum .ri^d^ doas cuppas cum dnobos tondlis pp 
xvi.d. Trtpedem cum mammoh pp^ iLd. Est antem ibi orrenm 


versus est altitudinis usque ad trabem .xiii. pedum, et desuper 
usque ad festura x. pedum et dimid. Latitudo inter postes six. 
pedum et dimid. AIbe hujus orrei sunt latitudinis vi. pedum 
et dimid. Altitudo alarum vi. pedum et dimid. In hoc 
orreo debet Ailwinus sacerdos reddere i. tassum avene versus me- 
ridiem habentem in longitudine usque ad culacium xix. ped. 
et ipsum culacium habet viti. ped. et dimid, et hoc simiUtcr ple- 
num avena. In hoc etiam orreo debet i. tassum ordei habentem 
in longitudine xvi. pedum et in altitudine vii. pedum et dimid. et 
in latitudine ix. ped. et dim. Tota longitudo hujus orrei cum 
culaciis. Iv. ped. Juxta hoc orreum est aliud, quod habet in longi- 
tudine XXX. ped. et dim, preter culacia: et unum culacium est 
longitudine x. ped. et dim. Alterum viii. ped. Tota longitudo 
hujus orrei cum culatiis xlviii. ped. Altitudo sub trabe xi. ped. 
et dim. et desuper usque ad festum ix. ped., latitudo xx. ped. ; nee 
habet preter i. alam, qufe habet in latitudine v. ped. et in altitudine 
totidem. Hoc orreum debet Ailwinus reddere plenum de man- 
corno preter medietatem qute est contra ostium, qute debet esse 
vacua, et heec pars est latitudinis xi. ped. et dim. Tertium orreum, 
quod est versus orientem, habet In longitudine xlix. ped. et dim. 
praeter duo culatia, quffl sunt xxii. ped. Altitudo hujus orrei est 
sub^trabe xv. ped, et desuper usque ad featum ix. ped. ? dim, lati- 
tudo xxii. ped. et dim. et latitudo unius cujusque alEC vi. ped. et 
dim. Altitudo alarum viii. ped. Hoc orreum debet Ailwinus 
reddere plenum frumenti ab ostio versus orientem et ab ostio 
versus occidentem plenum avena. Medietas contra ostium debet 
esse vacua, et htec habet spatium xi. ped. et dim. large. Ailwinus 
etiam debet reddere xvi. boves, et iiii. equos unumquemque pre- 
ciatum iii. sol. et xviii. capras et ii. hedos unamquamque preciatam 
vi.d. et cxx. oves quamque preciatam iiii.d. et xxx. porcos quem- 
que preciatum xii.d. Debet etiam Ailwinus reddere x. bonas care- 
tataa de pisis, De villa autem guarancizanda contra vicecomitem 
et propositos et siras et hundredum et castella, et de nemore eorum 
ne custodiendo, et de preescripto instauramento reddendo adin- 

Ti ena custodi< 



venit Robertus plegios Ailwinum patrem suam, et tres fratres 
suos^ Gulielmum^ Rannulfum, Henricum, Ailwinum avunculum 
suum, Lambertum et Wluinum fratrem ejus, Ricardum sacer- 
dotem de Pentelaw, Edmundum dec, Hugo de Gestingetorp, 
et insuper juravit fidelitatem capitulo. Hujus conventionis sunt 
testes ex parte Roberti, Adam fil. Gar. Elias prb. Ricardus prbr 
Aluredus clericus . Ric clericus . Robertus clericus . Garinus fii. 
Ade. Hugo de Wicham. Hugo de capella. Tomas filius mainerii. 
Petrus de Halsted. 


Willielmus decanus et conventus ecclesie sci Pauli London con- 
cesserunt Baldewino filio hugonis confratri suo manerium suum de 
Cadudenda tenendum ad firmam toto tempore vit® suie, quam diu 
eis bene et fideliter inde servient, ita quod Baldewinus singulis 
annis reddet eis plenariam firmam unius septimane in pane et ser- 
vicia et ad liberationem faciendam xxxiii. sol. et iv. denarios, et ad 
festivitatem apostolorum Petri et Pauli xx. sol. et ad festivita- 
tem scT Michaelis Ix. solidos ; et ut predictus Baldewinus banc 
haberet conventionem, dabit plusquam antecessores sui dederunt 
ii. marcas argenti, unam scilicet ad natale domini, et unam ad festi- 
vitatem sci John Baptist . Et quando manerium dimittet, reddet xvL 
boues, unumquemque trium solidorum ; et unum herchariumtrium 
solidorum; etlx. oves unamquamque iv.d. et xv. porcos unumquem- 
que vi. denariorum, et totum bladum manerii: et de hac conventione 
tenenda fecit baldewinus fidelitatem capto . Hiis testibus et con- 
cessoribus Willielmo decano, Roberto de cadomo . Odone . Nic. 
Gaufrido filio Wlu. et Roberto fratre ejus ; et Roberto de auco. 
Teodorico.Randulfo.Willielmo decaliia .Waltero filio epi. Huberto. 
Gaufrido cunestabulario • Richard de amanwil. Radulfo filio Algodi. 
henr mag. hugone filio Alberti . Et preterea hii sunt testes, Teoldus 
canonicus sci Martini> hachzo prb'r . Nigellus clericus. Gregorius. 
Godefridus. Nigellus mere, et Renaldus. et alii multi. 


■successor s 


HiBC est conventio inter canonicos beati PauH et Ricardum 

rchidiaconum ; quod concedunt ei Runewellam de se tenendam, 

p^ain diu vixerit et bene firmam reddiderit, et post mortem ejus 

■.nni ex canonicis cuicunque earn concedere voluerit, eodem pacto 

l^uo ipse earn tenet . Pro hac autem concessione adquietavit ipse 

|,Kcardus adveraus regem prefatum manerium in perpetuum de 

i exactione, et foris factura nemoralis extirpationis, quam vulgo 

litartum vocant ; et si vineam in eadem villa plantaverit medietatem 

B^ni concedit eis, quam diu ipsemet Ricardus et ille canonicus 

r suus vixerit . Et preterea post mortem Ricardi, prefatus 

I, videlicet successor suus, singulis annis quam diu vixerit, 

iddet canonicia v. sol. in die anniversarii ejus . Mortuo vera 

L dicto canonico successore suo soluta et quieta remanebit 

licis villa predicta . Etpactiones quas Ricardus cum agncolis 

■:de terris ad censum locandis firmabit, ratas et firmas canonici 

Klabebunt . Hujus conventionis testes sunt . Willielmus archi- 

iidiaconus. Ricardus de belma arch . Hobertus canonicus et pres- 

ftbyter. Arcoidus canonicus et presbyter. Nicolaus canonicus diaconus. 

■Gaufridusfilius Wluredi. et Robertua fr ejus.Teodoricus canonicus. 

I fauberCus. Robertusde auco. Odo . Willielmus de calna. Walterus 

frater archidiaconi. Ricardus de amanvilla. Gaufridus conestabula- 

rius. Rannulfus. mag henericus. Ricardus de Wintonia. Balde- 

winus. hugo nepos decani. Robertus et hugo. 


Haec est conventio inter canonicos sci Pauli London et Withn 
de occhend'. Concedunt ei cadulvesnasa de se tenendam, quam diu 
vixerit, primo anno pro xxxv. li., secundo anno pro sxxv. li. simi- 
. Tertio anno et deinceps pro xlv. li, inde reddendis hiis iv. 
nis . In capite jejunii, scilicet in prima ebdomada quadrage- 
. In ebdomada rogationum, et a festo beati Petri ad vincula 


ad viii. dies, et a festo beati Michaelis ad viii. dies. De se inqoam 
tenendam sine omnimoda hereditate quorumlibet successorom 
suorum. Omnes autem emendationes, quas in manerio iUo fecit 
yel feceritjin grangiis,in molendinis,in vivariis^in cujusque maneiiei 
domibas, et in omnibus aliis rebus ad commoditatem villfle perti- 
nentibus^ post mortem suam solute et quiete ab omnibus heredibus 
suis canonicis beati P&uli in perpetuum remanebunt. Secundum 
juramentum autem hominum illius yills totum reddet implemen- 
tum et nominatim implementum bladi de meliori blado, quod in 
dominio vills reperietur. Restauramentum autem tale est ; sex 
carrucse, de quinque unaqueeque z. bourn, sexta autem viii. boum. 
Unusquisque autem bos iii. solidary et sex equi ejusdem predi. 
Condonant ei septimam camicam. Et in torp. ii. vaccs et i. vitulus 
et X. porci . Unusquisque autem porous vui.d. : et xvi. anseres et 
xxiii. gallin® et quinquies xx. oves . In valetuna autem i. taurus 
et V. vaccee et iii. juvenculi et quindecies xx. oves et xi. porci. ESc- 
desi® autem ejusdem yillae in dominio et dispositione canoni- 
corum remanebunt De hac autem tenura juravit Willielmus 
fidelitatem canonicis sci PaulL Mortuo autem ipso siquid imple- 
raenti defuerit, Willielmus filius ejus affidavit se illud rediturum, 
qui a die obitus patris sui usque ad proximnm festum sci Micbaelis 
tenebit manerium illud eodem censu, et affidavit quod nee pro hac 
tenura ullam in eodem manerio hereditatem exiget. Hujus con- 
ventioois sunt testes. Rad decanus . Wift arch' . Mag henr. mag 
Albericus canonici . Edwardus sacerdos sS Augnstini . Nicot filius 
Nicot . Bemardus dericus decani . Wift de landem . Jordanus 
nepos Witt de occhcnd*. 


Hiec est conventio inter canonicos sci PSauli Londoniensis et 
Ric arch* et Teod' scriptorem ; viddicet quod concedunt illis 
Berling de se tenendam, quamdiu vixerint et bene inde ds servie- 
rint, singulis annis reddendo tres firmas in pane et cervida et in 
constantiis>et in elemusina, et in unaquaque xl. sc^dos et iv. libras 


, In festo sci Michaelis xx. sol. In natali xi. 
sol. In pascha xx. sol. In festo sci Johannis xx. sol. et quisquis 
eorum alterum super vixerit, supra dicto pacto manerium illud 
quamdiu vixerit, tenebit. 


Wuillmus et Walbertus gratia del recepti sunt fratres, tam 
beneficiis quam orationibus, in consortio canonicorum sci PaoU . 
Deinde ab ipsis canonicis in festivitate sci Johannis baptiste anno 
incipiente primo, ad feativitatem sci Michaelis, et anno millesimo 
centesimo octavo ab incarnatione domini acceperunt ipsi quoddani 
manerium nomine Bema, et ut haberent quamdiu viverent, et x. 
solidos dederunt eis in gersumma, id est, lancept, et pro tirma in 
anno reddent viii. libras et sextarium vini in die sci Pauli , Et quia 
eorum plus vivet eandem convention em babeat . Defuncto 
autcm illo domini canonici pro eorum animabus quicquid in ma- 
nerio erit habebunt. Hanc vero conventionem istis fratribus suis 
tenendam et servandara contra omnium injuriam defendendam 
conventus promisit testlbus istis. 

Anno ab incarnatione domini millesimo centesimo xiv. facta est 
hffiC conventio inter canonicos sci Pauli et Walterum de Cranford. 
R. lundoniensis episcopus et Wittraus decanus et conventus ca- 
nonicorum sci Pauli concesserunt supra dicto Waltero et filie 
ipsius Athalais terram quandam nomine tuiferde, quam Reinerus 
tenuerat prius sub ipsis canonicis ; et eandem terram ipse Rei- 
nerus in capitulo sci Pauli quietam quantum ad se clamavit . Ea 
conventione, ut Walterus eam haberet. Pro ista terra reddet 
Walterus et filia ejus supra nominata singulis annis ad festum sci 
Michaelis v. sol. ipsis canonicis, et insuper decimationem annone 
et ovium et caprarum de ipsa terra . Et hrec conventio duratura 
est quam diu alter eorum vixerit. Cum autem alter obierit, corpus 


suum reddet sancto Paulo cum zx. sol. Cum autem uterque obi- 
erit, terra quam tenuerunt libera et soluta sancto Paulo in mana 
canonicorum remanebit . Testes hujus conventionis sunt. Ro- 
gerus filius aluredi . Wiflmus f r Walteri, et Ricardus fr Walteri • 
Aldricus de coleham . Vitalis de actona . Ansgotus clericus de 
coleham . Tovi enganet . Generamnus de lundonia . Robertas 
sellarius . Baldewinus de aldermannesberi • Reinerus qui prius 
tenuit illam terram . De ipsis canonicis hii affuerunt . Guiftmus 
decanus . Reingerus archidiaconus . Quintilianus archid. • Ar- 
tukus. Rad' gundram. Wlframus . hamo • Eklwinus filius Gol- 
wini . hugo filius Alberti . Ailwardus • Robertus filius Generani. 


Anno ab incarnatione domini millesimo centesimo lii. facta est 
h»c conventio inter canonicos sci Pauli lund' et hunfridum buo- 
yinte • Concedunt ei canonici kenswrdam ad firmam ad se tenen- 
dam quam diu vixerit et bene eis constitutis terminis firmam 
redidderit ; primo anno, id est, a festo sci Michaelis usque ad idem 
festum, reddendo eis c. sol' • In natali zzv. sol' • In pascha zzv. 
sol' . In festo sci Joh'is xzv. sol' . In festo sci Mich' zzv. sol' ; 
secundo anno vi. li' eisdem terminis . Tertio anno vii. li' eisdem 
terminis . Quarto anno viii. li', et quinto, et sexto, septimo anno 
X. li' eisdem terminis ; et sic deinceps : et ipse hunfridus homines 
manerii rationabiliter debet tractare et custodire. Quando autem 
reddet manerium, reddet cum eo haec instauramenta, zziy. boves, 
et duos hercerios, sing'los appreciatos iii. sol', et czz. oves, singuks 
appreciatas iv.d. : et de meliori blado quod erit in dominio, reddet 
eis totum bladum Izx. acrarum de hiemali blado seminatarum; 
et similiter totum bladum Izx. acrarum de vemali blado semina- 
tarum ; et quater mx. acras waretatas ; et tradiderunt ei canonici 
liberam ecclesiam ab omni persona, et ita liberam earn cum ma- 
nerio reddet ; et fecit hunhidus canonicis super sacrosancta evan- 
gelia fidelitatem et indempnitatem de hac tenura ; et insuper super 
prafato pacto tenendo hos plegios eis invenit, Gteruasium peyrel 



let Jordanutn fratrem ejus, Edwinum turc, Simonem clericum, 

■ Ricardum bmn . Halla hujus manerii habet xxxv, pedes in longi- 

I'tud', XXX. pe<l' in latitud', et xxii. in altit', xi. sub trabibus . 

xi. desuper. Domu9, que eat inter haltam et talamum, 

ibet xij. pedes in longitud', xvii. in latit' et xvii. in altita- 

ne, X. sub trabibus et vii. desuper . Thalamus habet xxii. 

ides in longit*, xvi. in latitud', xviii, in allitud', is. sub trabibus 

et ix. desuper . Boveria habet xxxiii. ped' in long', xii. in latitud', 

xiii. in altitud'. Ovilium habet xxxix. ped' in longitud', xii. in 

laUtud', et xxii. in altitud'. Domus agnorum habet xxiv. pedes in 

I longitud', xii. pedes in latitud', et xii. in altitud' . hoec autem 
Dmnia reddet Hunfridus cum manerio. 


Post mortem Uuittmi de Occhenduna Ricardus archid' ut teneret 
Idolvesnase, obtulit canonicis sci Pauli xx. marcas in gersumam . 
Quas XX. marcas condonaverunt ei canonici, eo pacto ut simul 
cum Edolvesnase teneret Belchamp, eodem niodo quo Radulfus 
lilius Algodi olim Belchamp tenuerat ; sciUcet, reddendo inde 
singulis annis viii. firmas . Duas in denariis, singulas in sexagenis 
solidis, et vi. tirmas in pane et cervisia, et tricenis solidis, cum 
constantiis pistrini et bracini et elemosina . Quam tamen pap- 
tionem Ricardus proximo anno sibl dampnosam esse conquestus 
obtinuit, sive magis extorsit, ut non nisi iv, firmas faceret in 
pane et cervisia, et alias iv. in denariis, duas scilicet in sexagenis 
solidis, et duas in septungenis solidis ; porro instauramenta fiel- 
campi, qua; cum ipso manerio reddere debet, haec sunt. 

DE EDOLVESNASA autem debet idem Ricardus arcbidiaconus 
reddere per annum canonicis xlv. libras, et de ecclesiis ejusdem ma- 
nerii c. sol', id est in summal. li', eisdem terminis quibus Gui]lmus 
de Occbendona reddere solebat, scilicet in prima ebdomada quadra- 
gesime xii. li' et x. sol', et in rogationibus xii. lib' et x. sol', et infra 

IJKtavRs sci Petri 

icula xii. li' et x. sol", et infra octavas ! 


Miclael' xii. li' et x. sol' , De instauramentis autem illius manerii, 
qualia Ricardus cum maneriu recepit, et qualia cum manerio red- 
ditunis est, canonicl qui ad eura inde investiendum missi sunt, 
hoc rescriptum in capitulum rep ortave runt. Magnum orreuia 
Walentonie habet x. perticas et dimid' in longitudine (et pertica 
est de xvi. pedibus) et in latitudiue iii. perticas ct t. pedes, et in 
altitudine sub trabe xxi. ped" et dimid', et desursum trabe xii. 
pcd'. £t in hoc orreo versus squilonem est tassus de aven* 
habens inter postes xxviii. pedes in latitudine, in longitud' xii. 
ped' et dimidium, et in altitud' ix. ped' . Et retro hunc tassum 
tota cetera pars illius orrei plena est de avena usque ad festum, et 
propterea non potuit mctiri . Et adhuc in hac parte orrei sunt 
duo tassi ordeacri in duabus alia, et uterque tassus habet xi. ped' 
in latitud' et x. in altitudine et xii. in longitud' et dimid' , Contra 
hoatium vero et preter hoc, inter duos proximos postes est orreum 
totum vacuum versus meridiem . Et inter ahos duos postes est 
unus tassus de fruraento habens xl. ped' in latitud' et cum alis in 
longitud' xii. ped' et dimidiu, x. in altitud', et tota cetera pan 
orrei retro hunc tassum plena est de frumentu usque festum, et 
propterea non potuit metiri . Et adhuc in hac parte orrei in alt 
que est versus occidentem, est unus taasua de siligine habens xxt. 
ped' in longitud', et xii. in latitud', et x. in altitud' . Et in curia 
est unus tassus de frumento habens xxxix. ped' in longitud', et 
xvii. ped' in latitud', et x. ped' in altitud' usque ad severundas . 
Unus alius tassus est ibi de fabis, habens xl. ped' in longitud', et 
xxi. ped' in latitud', ct xviii. in altitud' . Tercius est de pisis, haben* 
xxxiv. ped' in longitud', et xvi. ped' in latitud', et xix. in altitud', 
et una meia fcni habens xxxii. ped' in longitud', et xvi. in latitud', 
et totidem in altit' . Et in longa stabula est unus tassus de sili* 
gene, habens xxxii. ped' in longitud', xvi. ped' in latitud', et xvij 
in altitud' . Adhuc in curia sunt duo orrea, quorum unum hab«t 
Ix. et xxxvi. ped' in longitud', et xvi. in latitudine, et totidi 
altitud', et illud plenum est totum de ordeo . Aliud orreum habet! 
c. et xvii. ped' in longitudine, et xvi. in latitudine, et totidem 



altitud', et illud totum plenum est de sillgine ; et extra lieec orrea 
mensurata, in curia ilia suat iv. di-mus, et oiniies domos illius 
curie, pre ter magnum orreum, debent hjmines ex duobus Orlocis 

Ad hue in curia ilia sunt iv. earn, et iii. corbelle, et duo vanni, 
et ii. paria molarum, et x. cuve, et iv. tunelle, et ii. plumbi super 
fornaces, et ii. tine, et Hi. tripod', et sx. scutelle, et ii. nape, quic 
sunt appreciate pro vi. d', et vi. ciphi, et dimidia suinma de sale, 
et ii. secures, et una tabula cum trestlis, et viii. esperdintes de 
ferro et acerio, et v. rusche . Ad hue sunt ibi v. sues, unaqua- 
que appreriata pro viii. nummis, et xviii, juvenes porci, singuli 
sppreciati pro iv. d', et viii. purcelli lactentes. Et xiii, viginti 
matres oves et una, et ix. arletes, et Ix. et viginti masculi agni, et 
xlvi. veteres castrici . Sunima est cccc. quatuor minus . Et xix. 
boves, et uuusquisque appreclatus pro iribus sol', et ii. vaccte. ad 
id' precium, et x. stotti, similiter appreciati, et xx. auce, et xx. 
galline, et v. galli, et v. capones, et extra his equus sacerdotis 

Ad curiam Ulam pertinent singulis septimanis Ixix. opera . 
Adhuc ad curiam de Waletuna invent® sunt ix. viginti acre de 
Wareto, de quibus xxviii. sunt rebinati, et xi. faldati, et xxxiii. 
semiuati. Apud Torpeiam est orreum, habens Isiv. pedes in longi- 
tud', et sxxv, in latitud', et xiii. ped' in altitud' sub trabe, et de- 
super usque ad festum x. ped'. Versus meridiem totum plenum 
est de siligine - Versus aquilonem totum plenum est de avena et 
de ordeo, et in medio plenum eat de frumento usque ad trabes . Tres 
tassi sunt ibi deforis, quorum major est totus de avena et ipse 
babet Ixx. pedes in circultu et xix. in altitudine . Alius de sili- 
gine, et ipse habet xlvii. pedes in circuitu et xii. pedes in altitud' . 
Tercius est de avena, et ipse habet xxxvi. pedes in circuitu et xii. 
in altitud', et de domo in qua triturantbladum, dimidia pars plena 
est de siligine usque ad trabes, scilicet an ostio versus orientera, 
et altitudu u" ejus x. ped', et domus ilia iota habet xlvi. ped' 
in lungitud', et xxvi. in latitudinc. 


Et iterum ibi est aula, et camera, et tresantia, et due pri- 
vate domus, et coqaina, et bracinium, et domus una in qua 
faciunt braisium, et una daeria, et una boveria, et iii. paire domns 
gallinaceae, et ii. carri, et vii. cuvs, et ii. alge, et unum plumbum 
super fomacem, et una mola, et unum tunellum, et iii. coxbelle, et 
ii. bacini, et ii. ciphi, et zii. scutelle, et ii. bucci, et panra tabella 
cum trestlis, et unum branchum tornatile, et una besca^ et ii. 
secures, et 1 uuogium, et 1 tarambium, et vii. esperdinte de ferro. 
Et adhuc apud Torpiam sunt zzviii. porci, et unusquisque appre- 
ciatus pro viii. d'. et z. boves, et iii. vacc®, singuli appreciati pro 
iii. soP, et iii. stotti singuli appreciati pro iii. soP, et i. puUus pro 
xii. d% et iii. juvenes vituli, et i. parvus taurus unius anni, et zziv. 
matres oves, et zx. masculi agni, et Izzz. gercie. 

Et Izxzvii. acre de Wareto, et de his zzzviii. rebinati, et i. et 
dimid' foldati, et zv. seminati, et zz. auce, et vi. galline, et ii. 
galli, et i. cattus senex, et ii. juvenes catti. 

Debet etiam Ricardus archidiaconus ecclesias de Edolvesnasa 
tenere liberas in manu sua, et nullum de aliqua illarum imperso- 
nare, quatinus cum manerium in manus canonicorum venerit, 
simul ipsas etiam ecclesias ab omni persona liberas recipere 


Anno ab incarnatione domini millesimo centesimo Iii. facta est 
hcec conventio inter canonicos sci Pauli Lund' et Teod' et RoV de 
turri . Concedunt eis Nasestoc ad firmam quam diu vizerint, et 
illis bene servierint, primo anno, id est a festo sa Michaelis usque 
ad idem festum, reddendo ii. firmas in pane et cervisa, et con- 
stantiis pistrini^ et bracini, et elemosina, et duas liberationes in 
denaP; primam ante natale, secundam ante pascha. Secundo 
anno tres firmas similes predictis, et iii. liberationes in denariis, 
primam ante natale, secundam ante pascha, tertiam ante festum 



8ci Joh' . Tercio autem anno iii. firmas similiter, et in uuaquaque 
firma xl. sol' eisdem terminis, et sic deinceps singulis annia; et 
quicunque eorum super vixerit canonicis de toto respondebit . 
Quando autem vel ambo vel unua eorum manerium reddet, hnc 
instauramenta cum eo reddet . Magnam grangiam plenam ex una 
parte hiemali, et ex altera parte vernali blado, et totum fenum illius 
anni, et totam saisonem Waretatam, et xl. acras rebinatas, et 
faldicium et femicium secundum facultatem suam, et xxx. boves 
singuloa appreciatos iii. sol. et iii. equos singulos appreciatos iii. so), 
et xl. oves singulas appreciatas iv. 6', et sii. sues singulas appre- 
ciatas viii. d', et unum verrum appreciatum xii. d'. 

Corpus horrei quod Teod' et Robertus receperunt apud Nasestoc 
est longitudinis sxxvii. pedum, et infra postes est latitudinis xs. 

» pedum . Et a teira usque ad trabeui est altitudinis xiv. pedum, et 
• trabe usque ad festum eat altitudinis 2. pedum . Unumquodque 
culatium hujus horrei habet in longitudine x. ped', et in altitudine 
Ti., et unaqueque ala hujus horrei habet in latitudine vi. ped' et in 
altitadine vi. ped'. 



Hbec est conventio inter canonicos sci Fauli et Teod' et 
Robertum de turri ; quod ipse Teod' et Rob' facient juaticiam de 
Rad* de Marci sicut prepositi facere debent, si non reddiderit de 
terra quam tenet de canonicis in Nasestoca quecunquc reddere 
debet, tarn de censu canonicorum quam de regalibus exactionibua 
et ministrorum regis , Quod si non potuerint de eo justiciam 
facere, canonici earn facient . Quam si non fecerint, cunputabunt 

Equodcunque de terra debuerit, tarn de censu 
1 de regis exactionibus et ministrorum ejus. 




Anno ab incarnatione domtni M.c.L.v. . In festo sci Michael' 
facta est hiec conventio inter canonicos sci Patili Lund' ecclesie 
et Alesandrum canonicum concanonicum suum, scilicet, quod 
concedunt ei Sandunum ad firmam tota vita sua, quam diu eia 
inde bene servient; primo quidetn anno quatuor firmas inde 
reddendo in pane et cervisia, et liberatione, et elemosina, 
constantiis pistrini et bracini, et quintam in solo pane . Secundo 
vero anno vi. firmas plenarias in pane et cervisia, et Uben- 
tione, et elemosina, et constantiis pistrini et bracini. Terdo 
anno viii. firmas similiter plenarias. Quarto autem anno 
firmas plenarias in pane et cervisia, et liberatione, et elemosinS; 
constantiis pistrini et bracini, et sicdeinceps singulis annis . Hebc 
autem sunt instauramenta, quee recepit cum manerio. Aula 
scilicet . Camera . Horrea ii. magna et ii. minora . Bovaria 
Baterissa . Bracinum . Porcaria . Gallinaria . Boves xii. quisque 
appreciatus v. sol' et iv. d., boves etiam xvii., quisque appreciatua 
x\. d' . Boves item xv. quisque appreciatus iii. sol' . Equi iii. 
quisque appreciatus v. sol' . Equi etiam ii. quisque apprectatus 
ii. sol' . Caretanus equus appreciatus vi. sol' et ii. d . Sues iiL 
quieque appreciata x. d'. Hocgastri xviii. quisque appreciatus iii.d. 
Oves c. et arietes ii. quceque appreciata v. d . Agni ci. quisque 
appreciatus v. d . Carra iii. . Ventilaria lignea ii. Preter hmc 
autem annumerata reddet cum manerio i. carrucam x. bourn, et 
c. oves, et omnia seminata illius anni . Concedunt etiam ei 
ecclesiam cum manerio . Quando vero reddet manerium, reddet 
etiam eis ecclesiam ita solutam et quietam ab omni persona, sicut 
earn recepit . Firmas autem supra dictas faciet de blado manerii 
mundo et sano. 

Numerus domorum Sandune . Aula . Camera . prirata 
GrangitE due magnte . Grangite ii. minores . Bovaria 
Bracinum . Porcaria . Gallinaria. 

Numerus et precium bourn . Boves xii. quisque v. sol*. «t 
Boves xvii. quisque lx.d. Buves xv, quisque iii. soP. 


Equi iii. quisque v. sol. Equi ii. quisque iv. sol', Equi iii. 
quisque ii. sol. Caretarius emptus vi. sol'. Porci. Sues iii. queeque 
x.d'. Hocgastri iviii. quisque iii.d. Oves Ixviii. et arietes ii, 
qufcque v.d. Agni ci. quisque iv,d. preter unum. 

Heec est convendo inter canonicos sci Pauii et Guitttnum auri- 
fabrum, cognometito monachum, super manerio Chingeforda. 
Canonici tradunt ei manerium, cum tali stauramento quale debebat 
eis Hugo archid'. Guittmus autem affidavit els ae manerium 
tideliter servaturum, et preter hoc se inventurum eis saluos plegios 
infra hoc et Theophaniam, de pacto quod prolocutum est inter eos. 
Quod si non potuerit consummare, tunc ipse et uxor sua clama- 
bunt quietam perpetuo et conTCntionem antiquitus factam inter 
illos de manerio illo, et banc novlter prolocutam. Inde sunt 
testes Radulfus niagister latomus . Gaufridus cognatus. Mag' H'. 
Ricardus fil'. H' . filii . Gen'. 



Anno ab incarnatione dni mc.xH. facta est hiec conventio inter 
capitulum aci Pauli Lund' et Osbertura de ardele. Videlicet, quod 
concedunt ei omni tempore vitce sua; supradictum manerium ad 
irmam, quara diu eis inde bene servient et firmam bene redidderit, 
ecc est autem firma quam reddet, Primo anno, videlicet a festo 
'•Si Michael' usque ad idem festum, reddet tres parvas lirmas in 
pane et cervisia, et in constantits pistnni et bracini, et in elemo- 
sina, et c. sol' in denariis. Secundo autem anno iv, firmas in 
pane et cervisia, et aliis constantiia, et'. in denariis, Tercio 
vero anno similiter iv. firmas in pane et cervisia, et aliis constantiia, 
et viii. Ii' in denariis et sic semper deinceps, De hoc autem tene- 
mento juravit ipse Osbertus capitulo fidelitaiem super iiii, evan- 
gelia . Hffic autem sunt quee recepit in manerio, et quae reddet 
quando reddet manerium. Ibi recepit xx. boves appreciatos 
Jx. sol' ; et i. equum appreciatum iii. sol', et iii. vaccas cum 



vitulis preciatas xi. aoV. et vi.d'. et cxx. eves et vi. arietes preciatos 
xlii. sol', et xzx. porcos preciatos xxiv. sol' et yiii.d'. Magni 
grangiam recepit plenam frumento versus occidentem usque ad 
ostium, et versus orientem plenam avena similiter usque ad ostiuoii 
et medium contra ostium plenum avena. Secundam grangiam 
juxta illam recepit plenam arena usque ad ostium versus occi- 
dentem, et plenam frumento usque ad ostium versus orientem, 
et in medio nichil. Hujus grangiie longitudu erat lii. ped' preter 
duo culatia, quxe habebant longitud* siv. ped' et latitud' xv. 
preter alam quo? habebat iv. ped', et altit' sub trabe ix. ped 
super trabem usque ad festum vii. ped'. Tercia grangia erat plena 
siligine usque ad balcum versus orientem usque ad ostium, et 
Versus occidentem erant iii. caretate hordei, et vi. feni. Corpus 
hujus grangiee erat long' slviL ped', preter duo culatia unum* 
quodque vi. ped', et latit' hujus grangiee xv. ped', preter alam, 
quffi habebat iv, ped', et altit' sub balco x. ped', et super balcum 
usque ad festum viii, ped'. Recepit etiam bonam hallam et 
cameram . i. trisantam, et unum appenditium ad hallam versus 
sud', et i. privatam domum juxta cameram, et aliam in curia, et 
bonum granarium, et coquinam, et fenile, et stabulum, iiii. 
tonellos, et iii. cuppas, et plumbum super fornacem, et bancum, 
et bufetum, et ii. mensas, et super heec omnia recepit nemus bene 
servatum, et pisas valentes dimidiam marcam argenti. 

Hasc est conventio inter canonicos sci I'aub et magistrum Albe- 
ricum - Concedunt ei manerium suum Ardeleiam de se tenendam 
tola vita sua, quam diu eis inde bene servienL Reddendo eis 
singulis annis quatuor firmas in pane et cervisia, ct constanciis 
pistrini et bracini, et in elemosina, Et in unaquaque illnrum 
ebdomadarum xl. sol'. Quando autem recepit manerium htcc 
fuerunt ibi edificia, quce cum manerio reddet , Scilicet una aula, 
et una camera appendicia, et una coquina, et unum stabulum, et 
i pistrinum, et due grangie, una ad curiam, altera ad berwicam, et 


I una domus servientium. In aula fuerunt duo bancha torna- 
tilia, et una mensa dormiens, et unum bufTeth ; fuerunt etiam ibi 
V. tunelle et vi. cuve, et unum plumbum, et una manualis mo!a, 
et vii. aivei, et due arche, et una scala alta, et due vanni, et due 
corbille, et unum ventorium, et xx. scutelle, et iv, sciphi et due 
tine, et iii. carri, et due rote unius carecte. Grangia que est in 
curia habet in Inngitudine quater w. pedes, in ktitudine xl. pedes, 
in altitudine sub trabibus xix. pedes, super trabem usque ad festum 
X, pedes. Inoulatio hujus grangie fuit tunc unus tassus de duabus 
partibus frumenti, et tercia parte de mancorn, liabens in lungitu- 
dine subtus ad terram xix. pedes, in latitudine xl. pedes, in alti- 
tudine xii. pedes et dimidium. In altero culatio fuit unus tasaus 
avene babens in longitudine xix. pedes, in latitudine xxx. pedes, 
altltudinem usque ad festum. Australia [lutem ala JUius culacii 
fuit plena feni. In ala aquilonari contra hnstium fuit unus tassus 
ordei babens in longitudine xv. pedes, in latitudine x. pedes, in 
altitudine vii. pedes et dimidium, et juxta ilium tassum fuit alter 
tassus de mancorn ejusdem measure. Alterum orreum scilicet 
orreum de berewica habet in longitudine tviii. pedes, in latitudine 
xxxii. pedes, in altitudine sxv. pedes. Culacium hujus orrei in 
parte aquUonis fuit plenum frumento usque ad duos primos postes, 
nisi quantum due carrate feni occupant. Culacium autem australe 
fuit plenum avene usque ad hostium, nisi quod in summitate hujus 
avene fuit vacuum in longitudine xiii. pedum, et in altitudine 
ix. pedum. Hec mensuratio bladi facta est in festivitate sancte 
Katerine quando jam in Ardeleia cxvi, acre de frumento manerii 
erant seminate, et quando jam una firma de blado manerii fuit 
facta. Unde et quando Albericus manerium illud canonicis reddet, 
si reddiderit ad festum sancte Katerine reddet totidem acres 
seminatas de frumento, scilicet cxvi. et unam firmam in pane et 
cervisia, et post ca tales tassos quales recepit. Si autem reddiderit 
ad festum sci Michaelis reddet preter hos tassos bladum, unde et 
ilia seminatio et una firma in pane et cervisia fieri possit. Reddet 
Q totum fructum pomerii illius anni, totum scilicet fructum qui 


tunc restabit^ quando manerium reddet. Recepit etiam Albericus 
ibi viii. equos unumquemque trium solidorum, et x. boves unum- 
quemque trium solidoruni, et vi. boves unumquemque duorum 
solidorum^ et v. equos unumquemque vi. sol' et vii. sues et duos 
verres unumquemque viii.d. et xii. porcellos unumquemque iv.d. 
et xii. porcellulos unumquemque unius denarii, et sexies xx. oves 
et xvi. iinamquamque quatuor denariorum. 


Hec est conventio inter canonicos sci Pauli Lund' et Ricardum 
ruiFum concanonicum suum scilicet quod concedunt ei Belchamp 
manerium suum cum omnibus pertinenciis suis de se tenendum 
quam diu vixerit et bene firmam reddiderit scilicet singulis annis 
viii. firmas. Duas primas in denariis utramque in sexagenis soP ; 
et sex in pane et cervisia et tricenis sol\ cum constanciis pistrini 
et bracini et elemosina. Hec autem sunt instauramenta et im- 
plementa, que reddere debet cum manerio, scilicet xviii. boves 
unusquisque precii trium sol', sex stotti ejusdem precii. Quater- 
viginti oves, unaquaque precii iiii. dena&. Quadraginta porci, qui- 
libet ejusdem precii. Domus autem infra parvam portam site 
precii xx. so1\ Grangia frumentaria in longitudine a poste qui est 
in culatio usque ad postem qui est in altero culatio sibi opposito 
habet iiii. perticas et vii. pedes. Est autem pertica xvi. pedum et 
dimidii. Utrumque culatium retro postem est v. pedum directum. 
In latitudine autem a poste usque ad postem sibi oppositura est 
unius pertice et vii. ped*. Ala vero apud north inlatum (sic) est vi. 
pedum in directum. Ala apud suth in latitud' est vii. pedum in 
directum. In altitudine autem sub trabe est unius pertice. A 
trabe autem usque ad festum est xiii. ped*. Utraque vero ala in 
altitudine est vi. pedum et dimidii. Hujus ergo amplitudinis 
grangia debetur canonicis ex parte orientali retro hostium plena 
frumento, et ejusdem grangie culatium in parte occidental! plenum 

* The original, which is indented, is in the archives of the Dean and Chapter, 
No. 26 of the Country Chartse. 


nianchorn. £t ala apud north in eadem parte plena siligine. 
Preterea in eadem occidentali parte tassus usque ad medietatem 
postis altus cum ala apud suth ejusdem altitudinis debet esse de 
frumento. Reliqua autem parte cum toto mejlono vacua rema- 
nente. Grangia autem avenaria in longitudine a poste qui est in 
culatio usque ad alterum postem qui est in altero culatio sibi 
opposite habet in directum iiii. perticas et iii. pedes^ utrumque 
culatium retro postem est vi. pedum in directum. In latitudine 
autem a poste usque ad postem sibi oppositum est unius pertice 
et V. pedum in directum ; utraque ala in latitudine est vii. pedum 
in directum. In altitudine autem usque ad trabem est unius per- 
tice et unius ped' et dimidii ; a trabe autem usque ad festum xiii. 
pedum ; utraque vero ala in altitudine est vii. pedum. Hujus ergo 
amplitudinis grangia debetur canonicis ex parte occidentali plena 
avena retro hostium. Culatium vero ejusdem grangie in parte 
orientali plenum avena et ordeo usque ad trabem vel i. marca. 
Ala vero juxta hoc culacium infra duos postes proximos in parte 
versus suth plena ordeo. Tota reliqua parte grangie remanente 
vacua cum meylone. Hsec inquam omnia reddet ipse, ut pre- 
diximus, vel quem substituere debet ex conventione ad annum 
suum complendum. His testibus, Hug^ Decanus, Nicholaus ar- 
chid% Mag Radulf^, Mag Nichot, Wittm de Norhatt, Mag Henr, 
Mag Hug, Mag Rica^d^ Wittm^ de Belm, Ricard^ de Strathforth 



S, PAULI, 1181. 

Hec est inquisicio de Cadendona. 

Manerium de Cadendona defendebat se tempore Hegis Henrici 
primi et Witti Decani versus Regem pro decern hydis, et adhuc 
ita est. Vicecomiti reddebat yiginti solid' et adhuc reddit; 
Canonicis Sancti Pauli modo reddit firmam plene ebdomade, et 
in Natali unam marcam. In Nativitate Sancti Johis duas marcas 
et dimid'. In festo exaltacionis Sancte Crucis duas marcas vel 
panem unius ebdomade pro libito firmarii. In festo Sancti Mich' 
Ix. solid'. De hiis decern hydis quinque sunt in dominio, et 
quinque de terra assisa. Summa denariorum vii. lib' et vi. solid' 
et xi. den' et oft. 

Hec est inquisicio de Keneswrtha. 

Manerium de Keneswrtha defendebat se tempore Regis Henrici 
et Willi Decani pro x. hydis versus Regem, et reddebat vicecomiti 
XX. solid' . et adhuc ita est. Canonicis vero reddit xiii. lib'. De x. 
hydis V. fuerunt in dominio et adhuc sunt, in quibus v. hydis con- 
tinentur xx. virgate, de quibus et potuit et potent dominus ponere 
ad operacionem quantum voluerit. De hiis xx. virgatis sunt in 
dominio ccc. acre de terra arabili, et in bosco cc. acre. Est ibi 
pastura ccc. ovibus. Summa denariorum x. life et vii. solid et ofe. 

Hec est inquisicio de Ardeleya. 

Manerium de Ardeleia defendebat se tempore Regis H. primi et 
Willi Decani pro vii. hydis versus Regem. Vicecomiti reddebat 
XX. solid et adhuc ita est. Et reddit modo Canonicis iiii^. firmas 
plenas. De sex predictis hydis due fuerunt in dominio, et iiii^. 
assise et adhuc sunt. Summa denariorum .v. life, et iii. solid' et 
x.(t., et x.S. de incremento. 





Hec est tnquisicio de Sandona. 
Maneriuna de Sandona defendebat se tempore Regis Henr 
Lprimi et Witti Decani pro x. hydis versus Regem, et reddebat 
■Ticecomiti xl. sol', Canonicis x. 6rmas plenas, et adhuc ita est, 
WSt preter z. predictas hydaa due hjde sunt apud Luvehale que 
VKddunt vicecomiti dimid' marcam, sed dicunt quod tempore 
■Benrici Regis non reddebant, et sunt de manerio de Sandon. De 
:. hydis predictis de Sandona dimid' hyd' pertinet ad ecclesiam et 
Kdefendit se versus Regem. Altera dimid' est in dominio geldabilis 
(«t ix. sunt assise. Summa denarionim sii. lib et ii. sol' et x.d. 

Hec est inqutsicio de Luvebale. 

DicuDt jurat! quod tempore Henr Regis fuerunt due hyde apud 
Luffebale, quamm una fuit in dominio, altera assisa, et fuit in 
defensa xl. sol' de Sandon versus Regem, et reddebat Canonicis i. 
firroam plenam ; modo defendebat se versus Regem pro dimid' 
marc* et reddit modo Canonicis xl. sol'. Integra hyda fuit in 
dominio, quando Odo recepit firmarius. Summa denarionim xl. 
■ol' per manum firmarii. 

Hec est inquLticiu de Belchamp. 

Manerium de Belchaump defendebat se tempore Regis H. pro v. 
hydis versus Regem, et adhuc ita est ; vicecomiti tunc dabantur 
iiii"'. sol', et preposito hundredi v. sol' per manum 6rmarii, et 
adhuc ita eat, et reddit modo Canonicis viii. firmas plenas, vi. in 
pane et cervisia et in unaquaque firma xxx. sol' ad liberacionem, 
et duas alias utramque in sexagenis solidis. Summa denariorum 
xiii. lib' et viii. sol' et ii, den et ob. 

Her est inquisicio de WycHam. 
Manerium de Wicham defendebat se tempore Regis Henr et 
With Decani pro iii, hydis una virgata minus versus Regem, et 
dabat vicecomiti per annum iiii. sol', et preposito hundredi iii, sol', 
et adhuc ita est j sed a tempore Robti Mantel dederunt omni anno 


diraid* marc*, preter predictos vii. sol* vicecomiti per firmarios, sc* 
Bartholomcum et Galfrid^ et preterea omni anno vi. den de War- 
penni. Reddit modo Canonicis duas firmas plenas, et in utraque 
firma 1. sol'. Dicunt esse integrum dominium preter duas acras, 
quas tenet Rad' telarius pro vii.d. Sunt modo in dominio cc. acre 
in terra arabili. In prato v. acre. In bosco vestito circiter c. acre 
et circa boscum in terra non vestita Ix. acre. De hoc dominio 
una virgata et ix. acre geldant cum villata. In dominio due sunt 
modo caruce, et est ibi pastura ad iiii°^ vaccas et ad sexies xx. 
oves et ad xxxii. capras. Summa denariorum xxxviii. sol' et 
V. den. 

Hec est inquisicio de Edulvesnase. 

Manerium de Edulvesnase defendebat se tempore Regis Henrici 
et Witti Decani pro xx. et vii. hydis et dimid' de suutinge, et 
reddebat x. sol' vicecomiti et preposito v. sol', sed a tempore Witti 
de Hochendune reddit preposito x. sol'. Canonicis vero modo 
1. lib. Summa denariorum xiiii. lib. et ii. sol' et i. oft. 

Hec est inquisicio de Titwoldintona. 

Manerium de Titwoldintona defendebat se tempore Regis Henrici 
et Witti Decani pro vii. hydis et dimid' et reddebat vicecomiti iiii. 
solid' et preposito iiii. sol'^ et adhuc ita est. Canonicis reddebat 
tunc iii. firmas et dimid', sed propter vastum bosci et maris, qui 
fiebat tempore guerre, non reddit modo Canonicis nisi iii. firmas 
plenas cum custamentis suis. De vii. hydis et dimid' predictis iiii. 
sunt in dominio, et iii. et dimid' sunt assise, sed iiii. hyd' quiete 
sunt preter quam de hydagio et denegeld. Summa denariorum 
iiii. lib' et iiii.S. et ob. 

Hec est inquisicio de Tillingeharo. 

Manerium de Tillingeham defendebat se tempore Regis Henrici 
et Witti Decani versus Regem pro xx. hydis cum vi. hydis scolan- 
darum. De hiis xx. hydis fuerunt v. hyde in dominio Canoni- 


coram et adhuc sunt, et reddebant et reddunt preposito hundredi 
unam marcam, et vicecomiti ix. sol' et iiii. de auxilio, de quo y. 
hyde de dominico sunt quiete, sed cum aliis sunt geldabiles in 
omni hydagio. Tempore R^s Henrici reddebat v. finnas, ut 
dicunt juratores se audisse, sed modo reddit iiii. firmas Canonicis 
cum custamentis et quadragenis soP. Summa denariorum vi. lib^ 
et X. soP et iii.d. et oft. 

Hec est inquisicio de Berlinga. 

Manerium de Berlinga defendebat se tempore Regis Henrici et 
Witti Decani pro tribus hydis versus Regem, et dedit hundredo iii. 
sol' per annum, et adhuc ita est. Modo reddit Canonicis iii. firmas 
cum custamentis et quadragenis sol'. Tempore Regis Henrici 
defendebat se dominium pro ii. hydis xl. acris minus, et modo pro 
hyda et dimid', quod factum est per Wittm Decanum. Summa 
denariorum Ixx. soF et Ti.d. 

Hec est inquisicio de Runwelle. 

Manerium de Runwelle defendebat se tempore Regis Henrici et 
Witti Decani pro viii. hydis versus Regem, et reddebat vicecomiti 
iiii. sol', et preposito hundredi iiii.3., et adhuc ita est. Canonicis 
modo reddit vi. lib' et xii. sol'. Quatuor hyde tunc fuerunt assise 
et adhuc sunt, et iiii. in dominio. Summa denariorum Iii. sol' 
et v.d. et ob. 

Hec est inquisicio de Nortuna. 

Manerium de Nortuna defendebat se tempore Regis Henr et 
Witti Decani pro xl. acris versus Regem, dando preposito hun- 
dredi xii.d. et ii.d. pro Warpeni ; et sunt ibi c. acre de terra arabili, 
et V. acre de prato et xii. acre de bosco. Et est ibi pastura xl. 
ovibus et iii. vaccis. In dominio est una caruca, et reddit Canoni- 
cis infra octavas Pasce xL sol' et in Exaltacione Sancti Crucis Ix. 
sol'. Summa denariorum 


Hec est inquisicio de Nastoca. 

Manerium de Nastoca defendebat se tempore Regis H. et Wi&i 
Decani pro viii. hydis yersus Regem^ et adhae ita est. Et modo 
reddit vioecomiti dimid' marcam, et preposito handredi viiiOI. et de 
warpeni zx.d., et de quolibet husebondo i. oft. de franco plegio. 
Canonicis reddit. iii. firmas plenas cum quadragenis soF. Domi- 
nium totum quietum est ab omni servicio, quod villata defendit. 
Summa denariorom viL life, et viL sot. et i. den. 

Hec est inquisicio de Chingesford. 

Manerium de Chingesford defendebat se tempore R^s Henr 
et Witti Decani pro v. hydis^ et adhuc ita est, et reddebat hundredo 
de Waltham x.d. de Warpeni et faciebat suitam hundredi de 
Waltham cum preposito et duobus hominibus, et veniebant 
homines ejusdem tenementi ad scotallam prepositi, sed modo a 
tempore magistri Hugonis de Marini preter hoc reddit annuatim 
preposito hundredi v. soP. ad minus. Vicecomiti reddebat tempore 
Regis Henrici v. soF. pro omni servicio et adhuc reddit ; horum 
v. sol', medietatem reddit dominium et villata medietatem ; sed de 
warpeni et de v. sol', prepositi quietum est dominium ; et reddit 
Canonicis duas firmas plenas cum quadragenis soP. In dominio 
sunt sepcies xx. acre et v. acre de terra arabili, de prato xrii. acre. 
De pastura in marisco xvii. acre. De bosco vesUto circiter ccad^. 
In grava parva juxU curiam ii. acre. Preter hoc Matheus fores- 
tarius tenet de dominio t. acre, et unam acram prati pro xii.d'. 
per Ailmarum firmarium. Tantum instauramentum potest esse in 
hoc tenemento c. oves, c. capre, et xv. vacce, et i. tauros, et x. truie 
cum verro uno. Equicium quantum Tolueris, onm caraca potest 
uainiare dominium cum consuetudinibus villate preter mtbebydam 
quam occupatam detinet Rob* de Valonif xi. virgatas et dimid% 
que fuerunt assise et adhuc sunt Summa denariorum iiiL lib' et 
vii. sol', et i.d. minus. 



Hec eat inquisicio de Bema. 
Manerium de Bema derendebat se tempore Regis Henf et 
Witii Decani pro iiii. hydis et adhuc ita est, et fuerunt quieti tem- 
:j>ore Regis Henrici per quietanciam Archiepiscopi, et adhuc 
nt, et geldant cum hominibus Archiepiescopi de Wimendufi, 
ned dicunt se tempore guerre dedisae vicecomiti v. sol', et iiii.d. et 
liL summas siliginis, et i. ordei dederunt bailHvis hundredi. 
Mode reddit Canonicis iii. firmas plenas. De hiis iiii", hydis due 
'fcerunt assise, et ii, in dominio, et adhuc sv. t: Et sunt in dominio 
de terra arabilt ccc. et xliiii. acr*. In prato circiter xt. acr' in 
latitudine. In grava de spineto circiter x. acr'. Est ibi pastura 
ad Ix. oves, et ad xvi. vaccas. In dominio sunt due canice. Do- 
minium est quietum ab omni aervicio, et est ibi molendinum, quod 
reddit xvi. sol'. Summa denariorum Ixvii. aol'. et s. den*. 

Hec eat inquisicio de Draytona. 
Manerium de Draiton defendebat se tempore Regis Henf et 
Wilti Decani pro x. hydis, et adhuc ita est, et reddebat tunc vice- 
comiti V, sol', sed a tempore guerre solvit vicecomiti x. sol', per 
Theodoricum firmarium, et preter hoc reddit ii. sol', de franco 
plegio. Canonicis vero reddit modo ii. firmaa plenas cum quadra- 
genis sol'. De hydia hiis x. due fuerunt in dominio, una in scolanda, 
et vii. assise, et ilia de scolanda semper geldebat cum aliis ix., et 
adhuc geldat. Summa denariorum vi. lib', et viii. sol', et xi.d. 

teHec est inquisicio de Sutthona. 
Manerium de Suthtona defendebat se tempore Regis Henr et 
. /ifti Decani pro iii. hydis, et reddebat vicecomiti iii. sol', et adhuc 
ita est, et reddit modo Canonicis ii. firmas plenas cum quinqua- 
genis sol', et preterea x!. sol'. In dominio sunt circiter sexciea 
XX, acre et x. de terra arabili. In prato xvi. acre. In boaco vesdto 
circiter xxx. acre, et de piscaria habent Canonici v. sol', ve! de- 
cimum piscem. Est ibi pastura ad Ix. oves, et ad v. vaccas. Sunt 
ibi due canice. Dominium quietum est ab omni servicio. Sex- 
decim virgate sunt assise. Aluricus tenet unam garam de dominio 


pro duobus soccis . Summa denariorum vii, lib*, et iii. soP. et 
vii.d.^ de piscaria v.9. De essarto iiii.d. 

Maneriolum de Wigelai, quum de communi consensu totius 
capituli traditum est ad firmam hereditario possidendum sub annua 
pensione xl. sol', descripcioni non subjacet. Summa denariorum 
xl. soF. 

Hec est inquisicio de Edburgeton. 

Maneriam vero de Edburgeton, quum Canonicis annuos prestat 
sol', quinquaginta^ describere supersedemus ea ratione^ quam supra 
posuimus de Wigelai. Summa denariorum L soP. 

Post maneriorum inquisicionem ecclesiarum sequitur inquisicio. 

Patrimonium beati Pauli doctoris gentium in ecclesia Londo- 
niensi liberalitate r^uro^ oblacione fidelium^ Canonicis ibidem Deo 
servientibus coUatum antiquitus, ordine quo sapra descriptum est, 
cum de maneriis ageretur. Si volueris diligendus perscrutari per 
ordinem vires locorum occultatas hucusque, non poteris amodo 
causari tibi prorsus incognitas. Ad communem igitur utilitatem 
respicienSy si primam rocem habueris in capitulo, si vel fueris 
ascriptus in matricula canonicorum, nulla radone sustineas, ut si 
firmariorum potestas, qui modo possident, expiraverit quoquo 
casuy quod aliquis, yel canonicus, vel extraneus, simul ad firmam 
possideat et manerium et ecclesiam, sed ne promiscuis actibus 
rerum turbentur ofBcia, sit semper in eadem villa distincio perso- 
narum ; sit alter qui temporalibus presit, sit alter qui spiritualia 
subministret ; sit alius qui decimas solvate sit alius qui recipiat. 
Ordinetur autem vicarius in ecclesiis juxta dispositionem capitolif 
qui si facultates ecdesie patiantur, dum servit altari ait oontentos 
litario ; si non paciantur, victus cmpellano suppleatur ex Aij^mia 
ad arbitrium tale, quod semper honestati sit conadum. Reliqui 
vero fructus> quos in ecdesia propriis sumptibns excoluerity ma- 
jorea quoque decime reserventur canonicis, vel ad annuum censum 
capellanis vel aliis dericis tradantur ad firmam. De r^ulari jure 
faciendum est, quod supradiximus, nisi necessilas uigeoM inleidam 

CA.PiTUL?~E&£LEBlJ£ S. PAULI, 1181. 




I aliud aliquid fieri pru ratione temporis et utilitate magna capituli 
I flagitavent. Ordinetur autem vicarius in ecclesiis juxta dtsposi- 
cionem tain Decani quam capituli. Quce sit ergo dos ecclesianim. 
I Quid solvatur capitulo. Quid per clericos, Quid ve per firma- 
rium ecclesie nomine. Quid in aliquibus lods ecclesie matrici 
jure parocbiali solvatur, a qua noster firmarius, a qua nostri coloni 
recipiant spiritualia. Quid solvatur pro sinodalibus. Quis col- 
ligat beati Petri denarium. Quid solvatur Archidiaconis Hunte- 
donie vel Bedefordie. Quis ecclesiarum ornatus, diligenter an- 
iiexum invenies in sequentibus. Explicit prologus. 

Status ecclesiee de Cadendona. 
£cclesia de Cadendona est in dominio canonicorum, et reddit 
eia XX. sol' per manum clericorum Rodbti et Rodfiti. Reddit 
autem Archidiacono Herefordie xii.d. in media quadragesima. Ad 
primam synodum post pascha xviii.d. Ad secundam sinodum 
post festum sancti Micbaelis xviii.d. Decanus loci coUigit dena- 
rium beati Petri et solvit Archidiacono predicto, Habet hec ecclesia 
X. acras liberas ab omni seculari servicio, et recipit a dominio 
sancti Pauli terciam partem garbarum, et servit capelle que est in 
curia tribus diebus per ebdomadam, si firmarius voluerit et pre- 
sens fuerit, vel ejus senescallus. 

Status ecclesije de Kenesworda. 
Ecclesia de Kenesworda est in dominio canonicorum, et reddit 
eia XX. sol' per manum Augustini clerici. Reddit autem Archi- 
diacono Huntedonie xii.d. in media quadragesima. Ad primaro 
sinodum post pascha xviii.d. Ad secundam sinodum post festum 
Sci Micbaelis xviii. d. Decanus loci coUtgit denarium beati Petri 
et solvit Archidiacono predicto, Habet hsec ecclesia unam vir- 
gatam terre liberam ab omni seculari officio. 

Status ecclesite de Ardeleia. 

Ecclesia de Ardeleia est in dominio canonicorum, quam Hamo 

lericus tenet, et reddit eis tres marcas et dimid'. Et respondct 


ArchidiaconOy et solvit sinodalia et denarium beati Petri sicat 
Kenesworda. Habet hec ecclesia unam yirgatam et ix. acras 

Statas ecclesiee de Sandona. 

Ecclesia de Sandona tempore Regis Henrici fait separata a 
firma, et nil reddebat Canonicis, sed modo reddit ▼• marc' per 
Ricardum canonicum firmarium, et respondet Archidiacono et 
solvit sinodalia et denarium beati Petri sicut Ardeleia. Habet 
ecclesia dimid^ hidam geldabilem versus regem. 

Statas ecclesiee de Baldecamp. 

Ecclesia de Baldecamp est in donatione canonicomm^ de qua 
Rob'tus clericus est persona ex donatione Decani et capituli^ et dicit 
se reddere annuam marcam Ruffo firmario non nomine ecdesiiBy 
sed propter avoeriam. Reddit hec ecclesia in sinodalibus xii^. 
Denario beati Petri xvi.d. quos colligit Rob'tus clericus et solvit. 
Habet heec ecclesia virgatam unam in terra arabili liberam et qui- 
etam ab omni servicio et unam gravam unius acre et dimid*^ et 
unam rodam prati juxta calceiam de Clare ; habet etiam iii. acras 
ex divisa, una roda minus. 

Status ecclesiee de Wicham. 

Ecclesia de Wicham est in dominio canonicorum^ et reddit eis 
ii. sol' in festo sancti Michael' per manum Willi de Fulenham 
personae ejusdem ecclesie. Hec ecclesia reddit nomine sinodaUum 
xiiii.d. De denario beati Petri vi.d. Habet hec eodesia dimi- 
diam virgatam, quam tenuit Jeremias, et debet firmario de censu 
viii.d. et est geldabilis. 

Status ecclesice de Waletona. 

Ecclesia de Waletona est in dominio canonicorum^ et reddit fir- 
mario XX. sol'. Reddit hec ecclesia nomine sinodalium xii.d. De 
denario beati Petri xvi.d. et habet duas acras liberas, et unum 
mesuagium duarum acrarum, et unum curtilagium, et dedmam 
tocius bladi de dominio. 

IpITULI aCCLBisiAt 8. PAULI, 1181. 


Status ecclesite de Kyrkebi. 

Ecclesia de Kyrkebi eat in dominio canoniconim, et reddit no- 

liinine sinodalium xiiii.d. De denario beati Petri xvi.d. et habet 

z. acras liberas in dominio, et habet integre omnes decimas par- 

rochie sue exceptis illis de terra abbatis, de qua non habet nisi 

g&rbas et caseum. 

Status ecclesiee de Torp. 
Ecclesia de Torp est in dominio canonicorum, et reddit firmario 
XX. sol' per manum Joltts, qui earn tenet de Ricardo canonico fir- 
mario, et solvit pro sinodalibus xiii.d. ; et de denario beati Petri 
xvi.d. Habet hec ecclesia iiii"'. acras in libera elemosina et 
omnes decimas de dominio, et de villata majores et n 

Status ecclesia^ de Tiwuldintuna. 


■ Ecclesia de Tit woldin tuna est in dominio canonicorum, et reddit 

H eia xs. sol' per manum magistri Hugonis de Lond'. Solyit heec 

f ecclesia nomine sinodalium xiiii.d. De denario beati Petri vi.d. 

quos colligit sacerdos et solvit. Habuit ecclesia ista de terra 

srabili xx. acras ante dedication em et in dedicationedat^ sunt x.acrie 

de terra arabib per Hugonem Decanum, et in bosco vii. acre, 

^et unum masagium juxta pontem, et mariacum. s. Chirchehop. 
Totum hoc tenementum ecclesia liberum est ab orani servicio. 

Status ecclesice de Tillingeham. 

Ecclesia de Tillingeham eat in dominio canonicorum, et reddit 

eis i. marc' per manus firmariorum ; et solvit nomine sinodalium 

xiiii.d. De denario beati Petri xvi.d. Habet hec ecclesia in 

dominio sue Ix. acras liberas, et recipit terciam partem decimarum 

_ de dominio tarn in magnis decimis quam in minutts, et de villata 

Status ecclesice de Berlinga. 
Ecclesia de Beriinga est in dominio canoniconim, et reddit eis 


XX. soP. per manum firmaiii et reddit nomine sinodaliam xiiii.d. 
De denario bead Petri x.d. quos coUigit, solvit et sacerdos, et 
habet in dominio suo xx« acras liberas cam ono mesuagio^ et 
recipit totam decimam de villata, et terciam partem decimarum de 
dominio tam in majoribus quam in minutis. 

Status ecclesiee de Runewelle. 

Ecclesia de Runewelle fundata non est in dominio canonicorum; 
recipit de dominio canonicorum pro decimis ii. acras, unam de 
frumento, alteram de avena. Habet hec ecclesia terciam partem 
omnium decimacionum tam majorum quam minorum de tota 
villata. Due vero partes pertinent ad dominium ad firmam 
faciendam^ sed per capitulum. Rad' persona ecclesie ejusdem 
ville habet eas omnes pro iiii.^^ sol', quos annuatim reddit fir< 
mario, sed hoc est personale beneficium. Magister Ricardus habet 
omnes decimas de dominio tam majores quam minores excepta 
lana, ex dono Ricardi archidiaconi et ex permissione Ricardi 
Ruffi, qu» pertinent ad dominium ad faciendam firmam. 

Status ecclesiee de Magna Angra. 

Ecclesia de Magna Angra curam parrochialem extendit Nortuna 
et recipit de toto manerio omnes decimas tam majores quam 
minores, sed tamen propter vicinitatem christianitatis solvit ecclesie 
de Fifhide i. soccam frumenti et unam soccam de avena. Et 
firmarius colligit de denario beati Petri vi.d. sed nullum solvit. 

Status ecclesiee de Nastocha. 

Ecclesia de Nastocha est in dominio canonicorum, et reddit eis 
Ix. sol', per manum firmarii, et solvit nomine sinodalium xii.d. De 
denario beati Petri iii. soP quos colligit sacerdos et solvit Et 
habet in dominio de terra arabili xlvii. acras, in bosco quadra- 
gesimas acras, et defendit eas versus Regem pro quater viginti 
acris. Habet etiam decimas plenas tocius ville, et de dominio 
terciam garbam. 


Status ecclesiee de Chingesford. 
Ecclesia dc Chingesford fundata non est in dominio beati Pauli, 
iiec aliquid recipit de dominio canonicorum, sed de tola villata 
rccipit deciinam garbam tantura ; et nunquam solverunt minutas 
decimas, nee adhuc solvunt ; et reddunt de denario beati Petri z.d. 
quos colligit firman us et reddit. 

^ Status ecclesiie de Bema. 

P Ecclesia de Bema est in dominio canonicorum, et solvit nomine 
sinodalium iii. sol' Wintoniensi episcopo. Sacerdos cuUigit deiia- 
rium beati Petri, et solvit apud Wimendoii quantum colligit. 
Habet bee ecclesia in dominio suo de terra arabili ix. acras bberas, 
in prato unam acram, et habet tarn de dominio quam de vlllenagio 
omnes decimas, escepto feno. 

Status ecclesiee de Draitona. 
Ecclesia de Draitona est in dominio canonicorum, et reddit eis 
annuam marcam per manum Willi de Norehale firmarii; et 
reddit nomine sinodalium sii.d. De denario beati Petri xii.d. 
quos colligit sacerdos et reddit. Habet hec ecclesia in dominio 
suo de terra arabib xxii. acras, in prato unam, geldabiles; et 
unum mesuagium, et habet terciam j>art«m decimacionum de 

Status ecclests de Suttoii. 
Ecclesia de Sutton est in dominio canonicorum, et reddit eis 
X. sol*, per manum firmarii, et solvit nomine sinodalium xiii.d. 
Firmarius colligit denarium beati Petri et sibi retinet. Habet hec 
ecclesia in dominio suo xvi. acras et dimid. de terra arabili, in 
prato i. acram liberas, et habet de dominio terciam partem deci- 
manim, tarn in majoribus quam in minoribus. Similiter de 
dominio Scotlande thesaurarii terciam partem decimarum, et de 
duabus villatis tolas dedmas preter fenum. 


Status ecclesiiB de Willesdona. 
Ecclesia de Willesdona est in dominio canonicoram, et reddit 
eis viii. marc' per manum Germani clerici, et solvit nomine sino- 
dalium xiii.d. Et habet hec ecclesia omnes decimas tam de 
dominicis quam de aliis tenementis^ et majores et minores exceptis 
de dominio magistri Nicholai, etde dominio magistri David^ etviiL 
acrarum de la Cnolle de tenemento de Chesewic, et aliarum viiL 
acrarum de la Cnolle de tenemento de Suttuna, et de tenemento 
xl. acrarum quas coluerunt moniales de Keleburne. 

Status ecclesiae de Tuitford. 

Ecclesia Sancti Pauli recipit a capella de Tuitferd xii.d. pro 
decimis annone, pro decimis ovium et caprarum^ quae quidem 
capella non alicui vicinarum ecclesiarum appendula, sed permissu 
capituli baptizat infantes^ sepelit mortuos quos voluerit, dum modo 
non ad aliquam ecclesiarum episcopi. 

In tempore Wulmanni decani reddiderunt predicta maneria 
firmam istam Canonicis Sci Pauli. 

Berna reddidit duas septimanas et duos dies cum tertia parte diei. 

Suttona duas septimanas et duos dies cum tertia parte diei. 

Chingeford duas septimanas et duos dies cum tertia parte diei. 

Draitona duas septimanas et duos dies. 

Nastocha Aldwini duas septimanas et duos dies. 

Runewelle duas septimanas. 

Sandona . roda . Luffenheda x. septim. et duos dies. 

Runewelle duas septimanas. 

Ardleia quatuor septimanas. 

Cadendona unam septimanam. 

Berlinga tres septimanas. 

Tillingeham tres septimanas. 

Wicham duas septimanas et iiii. dies et dimid. 

Nortuna unam septimanam. 

Belchamp duos menses et duos dies. 

Tudwoldintuna unum mensem. 


' In extenta manerii inquirenda. 

De situ manerii, quantum valeat communibus annis, in gardinis, 
Gurtilagiis, columbariis, vivariis, herbagiis, et omnibus aliis exitibus 
per annum. Item, quot carucatee terree arabilia, vel quot hidee, seu 
virgattE terrte, et quot acras continet hyda vel virgata ibidem. 

Item, quot campi sunt in dominico, et quot acire sunt in quoHbet 
campo, et qualibet aeysone distinguntur, quantum valeat quielibet 
acra per se communibus annis. 

Item, quot acrie pratisunt in dominico, et quantum valeat qucelibet 
acra per se, et in quot partibuN et ubi jaceat pratum. Item quot 
acree pasturEe, et cujusmodi bestias et quot sustinere poterit, et 
quantum valeat pastura cujusltbet bestiee ad locandum per annum. 

Item, de pastura forinscca, quee est communis, quot et quas 
bestias vel animalia dominus in ea possit habere. Et quantuir 
valeat pastura cujuslibet bestisevelanimalis per annum ad locandum. 

Item, de parcis et dominicis boscis, qute dominus ad voluutatem 
suam assartare possit et excolere, qaot acras in se contineant. Et 
pro quanto vestura cajuslibet acrte possit appreciari, et quantum 
fundus valeret, si assartareter, ct quantum valeret quteHbet acra per 

[tern, de boscis forinsecis, ubi alii communicent, in quanto possit 
dominus de eis appruare, et quot acras contineant, et quantum 
valeat vestura cujuslibet acm communiter, et quid valeret qufelibet 
assartata per annum. 

Item, an dominus de dictis boscis forinsecis aliquid dare vel 


vendere possit, et quantum hujusmodi donaciones vel vendiciones 
sibi valeant per annum. 

Item, de molendinis aquaticis, venticiis, vel oaballariis, vel fiil- 
lonicisy vivariis, ripariis, piscariis, separalibus et communibus, et 
quantum valeat per annum quaelibet eorum distincte per se. 

Item, de pesuagiis, herbagiis, melle, et omnibus exitibus bos- 
corum, et subbosco, quantum valet per annum. 

Item, de moris, brueris, turbariis, marleriis, graveris, et aliis 
hujusmodi, quantum valeant per annum. 

Ue libere tenentibus, quot sunt, et qui intrinsici vel forinseci, et 
quee tenementa, feoda, vel terras quivis teneat, et per quod servi- 
cium, an per socagium, serianciam, vel servicium militare, vel alio 
modo. Et qui teneant de dominicis veteribus vel novis, essartis 
novis vel antiquis. 

Item, quantum reddat quilibet per annum de redditu assiso. Et 
qui tenent per cartam, et qui non. Et qui per antiquam tenuram, 
et qui per novum feoffamentum. 

Item, qui sequuntur curiam domini, et qui non; et quid et 
quantum proveniat domino utilitatis per mortem talium. 

Item, ad quas consuetudines teneantur, in falcando prata, 
metendo blada, bedehalsaker, bedemad, herbam spargendo, levando, 
tassando ; et inveniendo homines ad precarias siccas, vel alias, et 
ceteris hujusmodi. 

De custumariis, quot sunt, et qui, quantum teme vel tenementi 
quilibet teneat de domino, et ubi, et quantum de dominicis, vel 
essartis, veteribus seu novis. 

Item, quantum reddat quilibet de redditu assiso per annum, et 
ad quos terminos. 

Item, quantum reddat de maltselver, denariis Petri, wardpeny, 
averagio, pasnagio, vel averagio, chevagio, vel hevedeshot, land- 
gavel, cherchesed, wodeselver, galunselver, caponibus, gallinis, 
pultinis, aucis, ovis, cultris, vomeribus, blado, deddis vel minis 
avenee, brasio, fodercom, vel aliis quibuscunque redditibos. 

Item, quas operationes et consuetudines quilibet debeat, vel in 


MANOKB OP ST. l'AL'l.'s, 155* 

Brando, seminando, herciando, sarclando, tueteiido, Hgaiido. ca- 
riando, tassando, triturando, veutando, averando, brasium domiiii 
faciendo, vel braciando. 

Item, falcando prata, vertendo, levando, cariuiido, tassando et 

Item, calces seu cleiaa ad faldam domiiii faciendo, purtaiido, et 
stipulam coiligendo. 

Item, oves dumtai custodieiido, lavatidu, et tuiidendo. 

Item, donios vel muros facieadu, reficieiido, vel operieiido. 

Item, sepes claudendo, fossata faciendo vel inundando. 

Item, nuceit coiligendo. 

Item, ferrameuta fabricandu, vel reficietido. 

Item, boscum prosternendo, cariandu, scindendo, et siccaiidu, 
balneum preparando. 

Item, timuni cariando et spargendu, vel quasLunque alias opera- 
'csones faciendo. 

Item, quantum valeat qutelibet uperaciu vel consuetude per 
annum distincte per se. 

Item, quid et quantum dabit pro tilia sua maritanda intra 
manerium pari suo vel extra. 

I Item, qui possunt talliari ad vuluntatem dumini et qui non. 
I De coCagiis, qui cotagia et curtilagia teaent, quut, et qui, et 
quantum tenent. 

Item, quantum sol vat quilibet de redditu assiso. 

Item, quas operaciones et consuetudines I'acere teneantur, 

De placitis et perquisitis curiarum hundred, visu franciplegii, et 
aliU hujusmodi expleciis, qute valeaut per annum. 

De escaetis, wardis, releviis, herieteis, et maritagiis, quantum 
valere possint communibus aniiis. 

De advocacionibus ecclesiarum^ et quid valeat qutclibet illarum 
communibus annis. 

De nundiiiis, mercatis, tolnetis, slallagiis, et aliis hujusmodi, quid 
valeant communibus annis. 

Item, quid el quantum duminus solvere vel facere debeat aliis, in 


redditibus^ sectis^ consuetudinibus, operacionibus^ et aliis hujas- 
modi, cui et quibus terminis, ut sic patcat quantum sibi libere 
remaneat deductis omnibus deducendis. 

Articuli Visitacionis EccLEsiARUM Manbriorum et 
FiRMARUM Capituli sancti Pauli Londoniarum. 

Circa a.d. 1320. 

Primo de Spiritualibus. 

An cancellee et ecclesiee cum suis cimiteriis^ in ornamentis, libris, 
vasis, operimentiSj clausuris^ et ceteris necessariis, prout conveniti 
custodiantur ; et si non, qui sunt defectus, et cujus estimacionis. 

Item, de moribus, vita et conversacione vicariorum, capella- 
norum^ et clericorum ecclesiis serviencium^ an sint sufficientes ad 
regendum curas eis commissas, et an vicarii sint residentes, proat 
artantur; et si per eorum defectum ecclesiee officium, vel devodo 
parockianorum minuatur^ vel si aliquis parochianorum obierit sine 
viatico^ vel sacranientis ecclesiee^ qui et qualiter. 

Item, an prsedicti vicarii, capellani, vel clerici, seu aliqui de 
parochianis sint diffamati de usura, adulterio, fomicacione^ vel 
aliis criminibus, qui et de quibus. 

Item, qui parochiani debeant redditus, in pecunia, cera^ vel 
oleo, aut rebus aliis ad defectus ecclesiee reparandos, vel luminaria 
sustentanda, et si aliqua sint subtracta, quee et per quern. 

Nunc de Temporalibus. 

In primis inquiratur an domus maneriorum, tarn infra claosum 
quam extra, una cum molendinis, ventricis et aquaticis, in lapidibus, 
molaribus, et aliis, necnon bercariis, in solitis fundamentis debite 
reparentur et Sustententur. 


Item, an maneria muris, sepibus, vel foiisatis, more solito et 
deiiito Bufficienter claudantur, et si non, qui sint defectus singillatim, 
et cujus estimacionis. 

Item, an tota terra manerii sine diminucione, cum tot carucis 
quot consueverunt et requiruntur, cum tot stottis et bobus et 
implementia sit secundum saysones consuetas debite culta, et si 
non, ex quibus causis, et qui sint defectus, et cujus estimacionis. 

Item, an aliqua terra de doniinico vel custumaria sint dimissa 
vel alienata in perpetuum, vel ad tempus, extra manum firmarii, et 
si sint, an custumariis, nativis, vet liberis, et quibus, et qualiter, et 
per queni, et quo tempore usque ad quod tempus, an per cartam, 
et an de consensu capituli vel sine. 

Item, an aliquis nativus terras aut possessiones aliquas per- 
quisierit infra manerium vel extra ab hominibus liberis, et quas, et 
qualiter est super hoc processum per firmarium, 

Item, an aliqui liberi tenentes terras suas de manerio in 
dampnum et contra consuetudinem manerii alienaveririt; qui, 
quibus, qualiter, et a quo tempore. 

Item, an villani sive custumarii vendant, donent, vel locent terras 
custumarias per cartam, vel sine carta, cunvillanis seu custumariis, 
sine expresso consilio firmiiriorum et consensu, non in plena curia 
vel halimoto, ut per recordum curise et rotutum valerct dimissionis 
modus declarari. 

Item, an nativi custumarii maritaverint filias suas intra manerium 
vel extra, vel vendiderint vitulum puUanum vel bovem de propria 
nutritura sine licencia domini, vel arbores in haiciis suis extir- 
paverint vel succiderint sine licencia. 

Item, an aliqua terra, quondam custumaria, teneatur libere a 
serviciis et conauetudinibus, quas facere consueverunt; q use, per 
quern, qualiter, et a quo tempore; et qualiter nunc teneatur, per 
quae servicia. 

Item, de novo incremento reddituum et serviciorum, quee, et per 

Item, quot acree pasturs in domitiico, quot separabiles, quot in 


communa intrinseca^ vel extrinseca, seu forinseca, sive in boscis, 
marisciSj terns, consistant ; et de earum distinccione inter domi- 
nicum et communam tam custumarie quam libere tenentium. 

Item, communia an sint onerata plus debito per custumarie vel 
libere tenentes ad dampnum raanerii, per quos^ et quantum. 

Item, an firmarii utantur communia ubique ut decet, et separalem 
sufficienter defendant, et an permittant aliquos in separabilibus 
pasturis secum communicare contra statum manerii, quos et 

Item, an aliqua alienacio, usurpacio, seu dimissio cujusvis 
pasturee ad manerium pertinentis, facta sit imperpetuum^ vel ad 
tempus contra consuetudinem manerii, per quos, quibus, et a quo 

Item, quot acree prati in dominico, quot in separalibus, quot in 
communa, et qualiter distinguntur, et an aliqua alienacio etc. ut 
supra in proxima. 

Item, an aliqua consumpcio facta sit in boscis, extirpando vel 
ramos fructiferos succidendo, ultra housbote, ferbote, et heybote, 
et alios usus debitos manerii vel firmarii ; vel vendicio aut 
donacio sit inde facta, per quos, quibus, qualiter, et usque ad quam 

Item, an subboscus, vel silva cedua, congrue succidantur per 
parcellas ad recrescendum sine dampno manerii. 

Item, an nemora ubi sunt in separali et claudi possunt^ suffi- 
cienter claudantur, et custodiantur ab ingressu animalium noci- 

Item, an qwarvee sive kayee, muri sive wallee in mariscis contra 
mare et alia flumina, necnon stagna molendinorum cum suis aquis, 
piscariis, et vivariis, tam in separali quam in communa, cum suis 
juribus et libertatibus debite reparentur, conserventur, et de- 
fendantur, et an fossata in mariscis bene mundentur, et si non ad 
quod dampnum ; et fiat estimacio cujuslibet defectus, et si per 
obturacionem fossatorum vel gurgitum sit inundacio terris vel 
pasturis marisci, ad quod dampnum, et de quanto possint debite 


entendari, et si expedit manerio gurgites novos facere, in quibus 
locis, et de estimacione sumptuum quos oporteret apponere. 

Item, an redditus, servicia, et consuetudines, tam in peccunia 
quam in harietis, releviis, operacionibus, et aliis hujusmodi anti- 
quitus consuetis et debiti^, tama liberis quam a custumariis, prout 
tenentur, absque personarum accepcione requirantur, et fiant, et si 
subtrahantur vel augmentantur, in quibus personis et rebus, 
qualiter, et in quantum, et an consuetudinea vel opera alicui 
remittantur, vel mutentnr in peccunia, quee, cui, per quern, et 

Item, an jura, jurisdicciones, et libertates ecclesice et capituli in 
curia tenenda, ballivis foranneis ad execuciones contra libertates 
nostras faciendum non admittendis ; subditis, tam libere tenentibus 
quam custumariis, a prestacione theolonei, amerciamentorum, et 
hujusmodi exaccionum tuendis ; escaetis, bonis dampnatorum et 
fugitivurum et aliis hujsmodis perquirendis ; et libertates in forestis 
secundum cartas regum et prout hactenus coram justidariis 
itinerantibus sunt atlucatee, rite et sufBcienter defendantur, et in 
quibus non, et cujus negligentia. 

Item, an nativi, vel eorum nati, manumittantur, vendantur, aut 
clerici vel apprenticii 6ant in facultatibus, in quibus domino 
possint rebellare, vel sint fugitivi, aut a dominio capituli quovis- 
mudo recesserint, vel alienantur, qui, qualiter, et ubi morantur, et 
de bonis eorum mobilibus et immobllihus diligenter inquiratur. 

Item, an Armarii maneria vet ecclcrsias maneriorum per proprion 
servientes custodierunt, vel ad firmam aliis dimtserint, qualiter, et 
sub quibus condicionibus, quibus, et ad quod tempus. 


ista sunt spbcialitkr inquirenda in sokna t>e 

An conductores terrarum et tenementurum custumariorum ad 
terminum annorum ea tenuerunt post e£fluxum termini in prcju- 
dicium legitimorum heredum. 


An bujusmodi conductores terrarum et tenementorum faciunt 
apponi in tallia seu indentura hujasmodi dimissionis longe majus 
precium quam sit conventum, in fraadem heredum dimittentis, ut 
sit ipsis difficile vel impossibile ad dictam redimendum tenninum 
propter augmentacionem precii, prout licet eis de consuetudine 

Item, an frater dimittet fratri suom tenementum custumarium, 
vel partibile, ubi frater diroittens habet heredes expectantes here- 
ditatem post mortem dimittentis. 

Et memorandum quod in quolibet manerio scribatur series 
domorum, sicut nunc sunt, non secundum antiqua fundamenta ; et 
quaerantur si quae sint inutiles, vel nirais onerosae manerio, quae, et 
in quo, et qualiter possent emendari, ut decanus et capitulum inde 
possint in melius emendare. 

In maneriis de Tillingham et Hebrugg inquiratur plene de 
antiquis implementis, per quos alienata fuerint et quae restituta 
fuerint domino Johanni de Middleton firmario nuper de Tilling- 
ham, vel si erat ei pro aliquihus non restitutis satisfactum in 
peccunia, vel aliter, de quanto, et qualiter. 

Et consimiliter, si aliqua de implementis apud Hebrug abbatis 
fuerunt restituta magistro Willielmo de Meleford' nunc firmario, 
quae, et de ceteris ut supra de Tillingham. 



























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•p -p -p -p 

if-i ^1^1 if s s i 

M ^ ^ M M ^ ^^ 

2 2 « N< « *5 « 

• 2 ^ "^ > S ^ 

^ • • % *t ^ 

V V w « V 

k^ M N« »4 ■■ 
^ N« »4 M • 







•» M #\ 
9% 0% m* 





Barlinge . 

Sandone . 











Draytone • 

.iii. finnas 

•X. firmas 

•iiii. firmas 

•ii. firmas 

•ii. firmas 

•iiii. firmas 

•iii. firmas 

•iii. firmas 

•iii. firmas 

.1. firmam 

•ii. firmas 

•vi. firmas 

.ii. firmas 

Dominica prima post festum sancte Fidis. 

firma prima de Barling, 
secunda prima de Sandone. 
tercia prima de Tillingham. 
quarta prima de Chingelford. 
.V. prima de Wykham. 
•vi. defectus de RonewelL 
•vii. secunda de Sandone. 
.viii. prima de Erdelie. 
.ix. tercia de Sandone. 
•X. prima de Nastok. 
.xi. prima de Heybrugg. 
.xii. prima de Bemes. 
.xiii. prima de Cadindon. 
.xiiii. defectus de Bellocampo. 
.XV. secunda de Tillingham. 




Dominica .xvi. prima de Suttone. 
,j .xvii. prima de Drayton. 






















.xviii. secunda de Bariinge. 

.xix. quarta de Sandone. 

•XX. prima de Bellocampo. 

•xxi. secunda de Heybrugg. 

.xxii. secunda de Nastok. 
.xxiii. secunda de Hemes, 
.xxiiii. secunda de Chingelford. 

.XXV. secunda de Erdele. 
.xxvi. secunda de Suttone. 
.xxvii. secunda de Bellocampo. 
•xxviii. quinta de Sandone. 

^, .xxix. tercia de Tillingham. 

.XXX. sexta de Sandone. 
.xxxi. tercia de Bellocampo. 
.xxxii. septima de Sandone. 
.xxxiii. defectus de Ronewelle. 
.xxxiiii. quarta de Bellocampo. 
.XXXV. tercia de Bernes. 
.xxxvi. tercia de Heybrugg. 
•xxxvii. secunda de Wykham. 
.xxxviii. octava de Sandone. 
.xxxix. tercia de Erdele. 
.xl. nona de Sandone. 
.xli. quarta de Tillingham. 
•xlii. tercia de Nastok. 
.xliii. tercia de Berling. 
.xliiii. quinta de Bellocampo. 
.xlv. quarta de Erdele. 
.xlvi. sexta de Bellocampo. 
.xlvii. decima de Sandone. 
.xlviii. secunda de Drayton. 



Memorandum quod tresdecim maneria sancti Paali solvunt 

quadraginta et quinque firmas Bracino sancti Pauli. 
Et eadem tresdecim maneria et duo alia, videlicet quindecixn 

maneria, solvunt quinquaginta et duas dizenas ad Cameram 

sancti Pauli. 
Memorandum quod qualibet firma de frumento continet per men- 

suram regis xvi. quarter', scilicet viii. bussell', computatur 

pro quarterio si bene mensuratur vel parum plus. 
Item de avena tantum. 
Item de ordeo .iii. quarteria. 
Item cum qualibet firma debet solvi ad boscum, .vi.S. et .viii.d. 

Et ad liberationem famulorura .iii.5. .x.d. Et sic solvitur 

cum qualibet firma, .x.S. .vi.d. 


r Scilicet de frumento .iiii." et xvi. 
quarter' per mensuram regis. 
Item de avena .iiii." et xvi. quarter* 

per eandem mensuram. 
Item de ordeo .xviii. quarter' dicte 
Ad bracinum 1 mensure. 

.vi. firmas 1 1tem de denariis cum predictis firmis, 

Scilicet cum qualibet firma, .x.8. vi.d. 
Item de denariis per camerarium de 
defectibus de Beauchamp, .liii.8. 

• • • • m^ 


Pro ecclesia per annum, .xvi. marc*. 

Item ad .viii. dizenas et ad elimo- 
sinar* .xiii.ti. x.S. ii.d. 

Item ad cameram pro duobus defec- 
tibus pro quibus camerar* solvit 
custodi bracin' ut babetur supra, 
.liii.S iiiid'. 

Ad cameram 



Chingelford . 

Wycham . 


Sctlic«tde fnimento .zlviii. quarter'. 

,Aj 1 1 (Item de avena .xlviii. quarter*. 

fAd bracinomjjj^^j^^j^^^ j^_^^^^ 

Item de denariiB cum dictis 6rmia, 

.ZXXi.l. TJ.Ct. 

Pro ecclesia ad luroinaria sftncti 

Pauli, C.B. 
Item de eadem ad cameram .viJ. 

Item de manerio pro antique incre- 

mento .zl.S. 
Item ad .iii. dizenas et ad elemoainar* 

.vi.ti. xxi.a. 

De fnimento .Ttii**. quarter*. 
De ordeo .xsx. quarter'. 
De avenis .viii". quarter*. 
De denariis .C.v.S. 
Pro manerio etecclesia et ad .X. dixe- 
nas et elcmosi nar' .XX.ti. V.I. X.d. 

De frumento .Ixiiii. quarter*. 

De avena .Ixiiii. quarter*. 

De ordeo .xii. quarter'. 

De argento -xlii.S. 

Pro maneno et eccleaia ad -iiii. 
dizenas et etemoainar' .Tiii.ti. .ii.l. 
iiii.i) Item de eodem denovia in- 
crements .X.K. 

De fnimento .xxxii. quarter'. 
De arena .xxxii. quarter*. 
De ordeo .vi. quarter*. 
De argento .xxi.H. 

Ad duas dizenas ct elemosinar* 
.iiii.ti. xiiii.d. 

Ad bracinum 
X. fir mas 

Ad bracinum 
.iiii. firmaa 

Ad bracinum 
,ii. finnaa 

Ad bracinum 
,ii. firmas 

De frumento .xxxii. quarter'. 
De arena .xxxii. quarter*. 
De ordeo .vi. quarter*. 
.De denaiiis .xxi.R. 
Ad ii. dizenas .C.i.1. ii.d. 


Ad bracinum 
iiii. firmaa 

De frumento .Ixiiii. quarter*. 

De ordeo .xii. quarter". 

De avenU .Ixiiii. quarter'. 

.De denariis .xlii.B. 

De ecclesia vi.ti. xiii.s, iiii.d. 

De manerio ad .iiii. dizenas et ele> 

mosinar* .zi.ti. xii s. iiii.d. 
Item ad obitum Jobis Malemeyns, 


Ad bracinuni 
I .iii. flmnas 

"De frumento .xlviii. quarter*. 
De ordeo .ix. quarter. 
De avena .slviii. quarter*. 
,De denariis .zxxi.s. 

De ecclesia ad luminaria .x.ti. xiii.!. 

De eadem ad cameram .tiii.S. iiii.d. 
De manerio ad .iii. dizenas .Ti.ti. 



rDe frumento .xlviii. quarter'. 
I Ad bntcinum I De avena .xlriii. quarter'. 
I .iii. firmas 1 De ordeo .ix. quarter*. 
I [De denariis .xxxi.l. 

-De ecclesia ad luminar* vi.S. 

De ecclesia ad cameram .Ixxiiijr. 

De manerio ad .iii. dizenaa et ele- 
mosinar* .vi.ti. xxi.d. 

TDe frumento .xlviii. quarter*. 
Ad bracinum I De avena .xlviii. quarter*, 
iii. 6rmaB 1 De ordeo .ix. quarter*. 
LDe denariis .xzxi.S. Ti.d. 

.Ad cameram 

|-De manerio pro novis incrementis 
j .xl.l. Item ad .iii. dizenas et ele- 

mosinar* C.i.l. ix.d. 


Ad bracinum 
■ii. firmas 


De frumento .xxxii. quarter'. 
De avenis .xxxii. quarter'. 
De ordeo .vi. quarter*. 
De denariis .xxi.3. 

De ecclesia ad ceram .iiii.ti. vi. 

Item de eadem ad cameram .xiii.9. 

Item de manerio pro novis incre- 

mentis .liii.S. iiii.d. 
Item de eodem ad .ii. diseitas et ele- 
rDe frumento .xsxii. quarter*. 
Ad brat'inum I De avenis .xxxii. quarter", 
.ii. firmaa j De ordeo .vi. quarter". 
I^De denariis .x.S. vi.d. 

iDe ecclesia .vi.ti. xiii.9. iiiid. 
De manerio pro antiquis incrementis 
De eodem pro no vis incrementis 
.liii,S. iiii.d. 
Item de eodem ad -iiii. dizenas et 
elemosinar' .x.ti. ii.B. iiii.d. 
{De frumento .xvi. quarter'. 
De .venis .ivi. quarter-. 
De ordeo ...I. quarter-. 
De denanis .x.8. vi.a. 
Item pro uno defectu .xxvi.5. viii.d. 

De manerlis ad unam dizenam et ad 
elemosinar' .xxxiii.S. xi.d. 

Deeisdempro antiquis incrementis 
.xl.ti. vi.S. viii.d. 

Item de eisdem pro novis incre- 
mentis .x.ti. xiii,I. iiii.d. 

Item de ecclesia de Ken es worth 
.xvii.ti. .vi.B. .viii.d. 

Item deecclesiade Kadyndoii .xvi.ti. 
,xiii.S. .iiii.d. 

BRia tocius solucionis ad cameram xiii.S. xi.d. cum 

idingiion et 


( Pro antiquis incremenlis .lii J. 
} De eodem ad doaa diienaa C.I. 

( Pro Ji. defectibns .zxz.l. Jiii.d. 
(per manuB camerarii. 

( Pro antiquis incremeDtiB .xl j. 

i Item de eodem ad .i. dueoam .zlx 

{ Pro Dno defiecta .xxvi.l. .Tiii.d. 
per annum de redditu asaisn .Ll. 

IDe reddita aansn per annum .xliiLL 

f De eccleanB .xzix.lL 

i De antiquis incrementis J.ti. 

LDe noTia incrementia .xxT.ti. 

per annum .zlJ. 

per annum .x J. 


Ad cameram 

de qoibus ad 
. bracinum 


Ad cameram 
De quibua ad 

AUurton . Ad cameram 

Molendinum ) 
de Wapping ( Ad cameram 


WMttoe . AdcuDcniD 

Twjbait . Adomenm 

twi» in paro- , . 

d»iade^> A<»*»«™» 
teadooe . 

CkeluMsfMd . Ad oameram 

SttUBkaqiMttn-' F^vmeMi 

^mmaquuttr^ Atvak 





Heeo sunt duodecim Maneria Sancti Pauli, qusB reddunt xlv. 
firmas integras in frumento, ordeo, et avena, ad -lanem et cer- 
visiam statutis anni terminis, scilicet in qualibet 6rma xv. quarteria, 
(ad mensuram bracini, que fuerit de xii. quarteriia et dimidia ad 
tnenauram ville, quarteria vero bracini continet vii. bus.) frumenti 
adgrudum; et iii. quarteria et dimidium dicte mensure ordei ad 
idem ; et xvi. quarteria per factum bracini solvuntur de aveita, pro 
una firma octo facti; et continet factus bracini xvii, busseil omnes 
avenoi ad braaium. Reddunt item cum qualibet firma xlvi. denarios 
ad liberacioiies aervientium bracini, prtcter alios denarios assignatos 
de quibus dicitur infra, et preeter denarios qui dantur pro buscha. 
Sandone reddit x. firmas, et est sumina frumenti ad panem 
cl. quarteria frumenti; ad grudum xsxv. quarteria frumenti et 
totidem ordei ad idem ; et clx. quarteria avenec ad brasium. Summa 
detiariorum premissorum qui solvuntur ad liberaciones servientium 
xxxviii. s. iiii.d. Erdele reddit quatuor lirmas continentes Ix. 
quarteria frumenti ad panem ; ad grudum xiiii. quarteria frumenti 
et totidem ordei ad idem ; et Ixiiii. quarteria avenro. Summa dena- 
riorum xv. s. iiii.d. Tillingham iiii. firmas continet tantuni in 
frumento, ordeo, avena, et denariis quantum et manerium de Erdele. 
Sutton duas Brraas continentes xxs. quarteria frumenti ad panem ; 
ad grudum vii. quarteria frumenti et ordei totidem ad idem; et 
xxxii. quarteria avenae, et ad liberaciones servientium vii. s. viii, d. 
Item Drayton, Chyngford, Wycham, quieque eorum reddit duas 
firmas continentes in frumento, ordeo, et avena, et de denariis, 
quantum Suttone. Beaucbamp reddit vi, firmas continentes 


iiii"x. quarteria fmmenti ad panem ; ad gradam xxi. quartcria 
et totidem ordei ad idem ; et iiii"xvi. quartena avcnie ad brasiom, 
et in denariis xxiii. s. Barling reddit tres firmas continentcs xlv. 
quarteria frumenti ad panem ; et x. quarteria et dimidiom quar- 
terium de firumento ad grudum et totidem ordei ad idem; et xlviiL 
quarteria avens; et in denariis xLs. vi. d. Item Heybrugg et 
Bemes et Navestok, quseque eorum per se reddit tantundem in 
omnibus quantum Barlyng. Kadyndon reddit unam firmam 
continentem xv. quarteria frumenti ad panem; ad braainm iii. 
quarteria et dimidium frumenti et iii. quarteria et dimidium ordei 
ad idem, et xvi. quarteria aven® ad brasium, et ad liberaciones 
faciendum iii. s. x. d. Summa totius frumenti ad panem dcIxxt. 
quarteria. Summa frumenti ad grudum clvii. quarteria et dimidium 
et totidem ordei. Item Summa aven® ad brasium dccxx. quar- 
teria. Item summa denariorum ad liberadonem famulorum 
bracini viii. li. xii. s. vi. d. Item pneter denarios subscriptos 
ass^atos ad liberacionem servientium reddunt praescripta ma- 
neria denarios ad bracinum pro defaltis firmarum viL li. Vide- 
licet Bellocampo iiii. marc. Runewelle ii. marc et dimidium. 
Norton ii. marc Kad3^don ii. marc in fine anni. Item pr&ter 
denarios solutos pro defaltis maneriorum reddunt firmarii denarios 
pro buscha, quam invenire debent ad braciandum firmam suam 
assignatam ad cerviciam, quorum summa est incerta; quia aliqoando 
dant plus, aliquando minus, secundum caristiam buscbce, secundum 
quod possunt facere finem cum custode, alioquin buscham in- 
venient. Consuevit autem firmarius pro buscba invenienda pro 
qualibet firma dare dimidiam marcum, sepius vero plus, minus vera 


A.D. 1283. 

Pauti Londoniensis reddit compotum auum, anno domini m°.cc°. 
octog". iii". de receptis et exitibus in bracino per annum prece- 
dentem, scilicet de dcJssv. quarter* frumenti ad panem faciendum 
de xlv. firmis maneriorum, qualibet firma continente xvi. quarter* 
frumenti, et xvi. quarter* avente, et tria quarter* ordei, singula per 
mensuram Regis, videlicet pro quarter* octo buaaell'. Et de xxiiii. 
quarter* i. buasell' frumenti, de multura molendini. Summa Dcc.ix. 
quarter i. bussell'. 

De quibus in vi".xvii. furniciis furniata sunt D.slviii. quarter* 
ii. bussell' de frumento, qu^ faclunt xxsvi. furmas viii. quarter' 
ii. bussell*. Item in Waslell et fflacon viii. quarter" iiii. bussell', 
Item in Grudum ultra xlv, furmas constitutas xis. quarter'. Id 
vendicione c.xxxiii. quarter' ii. bussell', de quibus respondet infra ; 
et faciunt x. firmas x. quarter* vi. bussell', et quietus est de predicto 
ft-umento. Sumroa ut supra. 

Item reddit compotum de c.lviii. quarter' et dim' de frumento ad 
grudum, et totum braciatum, in c. et i. braciii simul cum xix. quarter* 
frumenti quse computantur supra in lirmis de frumento ad panem, 
et quietus est de predicto grudo. 

Item reddit compotum de c.lvii. quarter* et dim' de ordeo ad 
grudum, et totum braciatum, simul cum xix. quarter* ordei emptis, 
ut infra, et quietus est de predicto ordeo. Summa predictorum 
frumenti et ordei ad grudum ccc.bii. quarter*. 

Item reddit compotum de dcc.xx. quarter' avente ad brasium de 
predictis xlv. firmis, de quibus habuit xx. quarter* de excrescent! 
cancellorum. Summa dcc.xI. quarter* avens. De quibus in c. et i. 
Bracin DCC.vii. quarter', scilicet in unoquoque bracino septem 
quarter* per octo bussell' legales. In emendam cervisiam v. quart*. 
In prebendara equorum sxviii. quarter*. Summa ut supra. 

Idem reddit compotum de vii.ti. de redditu ad bracinum assig- 



nato per annum integrum ; Eimiliter de H. defaltis de Bello campo 
iiii. marc', et de ii. defaltis de Ronewella ii. marc* et dim', et pro 
una defalta de Kadyndone ii. marc', et pro una defalta de Nortona 
ii. marc', Et de viii.ti. xii.H. vi.d. ad liberationes facieudas 
famulurum. Idem reddit compotum de xix.H. x.S. ii.d. de Ivi. 
quarter* iiii. bussell' de frumento precii quarter' vi.3. s.d. iiLq'. 
Et de xi.ti. ii.S. de ssxvii. quarter', precii quarter' vi.B. Et de 
Tiii.ti. xv.S. vi.S. pro xxvii. quarter* v. bussell' de frumento precii 
quarter' vi.B. iiii.d. Et de Ixxviii.S. de xii. quarter*, precii quarter" 
vi.S. vi.d. Summa quarter' ut supra. 

Item de fece et hujusmodi ix.ti, vi.B. ofc, q*. Et de iiii.ti. xriU.I. 
de xl. quarter* vi. bussell' de pollard precii quarter" ii.S. Et de 
Ixxii.S. iiii.d. pro liiii. quarter" ii. bussell* de furfure precii quarter" 
zvi.d. In prebeiidam equorum xxxiili. quarter* vii. bussell*. Et de 
iiii.ti. x.S. v.d. de drachat vendito. Et de xiiii.S. xi.fl. ob. de 
carbone pistrini. Et de xxiiii.S. v.d. de carbone bracini precii 
quarter* vi.d. et pro sequestra, i. tallice per xxvi. dies, xiiii.S. vii.d. 
Summa totalis de den" receptistamde blade vendito quam dereddltu 
assignato et aliis receptis et exitibus, iiii".tL Ixii.S. v.d. et quadr*. 

De quibus in pitanciis datis die eompotus, v.9. Item in xix. 
quarter* ordei emptis de mensura bracini, scilicet quarteria con- 
tinens vii. bussell', Ixvi.S. vi.d., et in buscha ad toralle et ad braci- 
andum ultra firmas constitutas viii.ti. ii.S. iiii.d. Et in buscha ad 
furnum vi.t. xd. q'. Et in feno ad equos molendini lyiii-B. uA. 
ot). Item in aqua ducenda per annum liii.B. iiii.d. Et in sale 
iiii.B. vii.d. q*. In candelis iiii.S. xd, Et in flaconibus per duos 
dies in rogacionibus, xxxi.s. i.d. q\ In pipere ad wasteil, in 
conversione et commemoracione sancti Pauli, ix.d. Item in emen- 
dacione domorum xviii.B. i.d. Summa xxvi.ti. v.B. vii.d. q'. Item 
in i. equo cmpto viii.B. In ferrura equorum xii.B. vi.d. In ferra- 
mento et passu equorum v.B. ii.d. q". Et in coleris, traicibus, 
virgis, funiculis, uncto et aliis ad molendinum iiii.B. vii.d. Summa 
xxx.S. iti.d. q". Item in buleteti cum filo ii.S. ix.d. In cribris 
x.d. ob. In lane", gaf, et aliis rebus emendandis in pistrino 
nb. q*. Summa iiii.B. vi.d. q». In emcndacione caldarum iii.B. iii.d. 



In drcalis iii.9. vi.d. In natis xiiii.d. ob. In ketneltn ii.l. ii.d. ofe. 
et in lancis, clavis ferreis ad toratl' et cibra, et in aliis rebus emen- 
dandis in bracino iii.B. i.d. ob. Summa xili.S. iii.d. ob. Item in 
circulis ad dolia iiii.9. ii.d. ob. q>. Item i. dolio empto vii.d. In 
emend' caltgis, discis et aliis in celario viii.d. ob. In stipendiis 
circulatoris per annum iiii.B, Summa ix.S. vi.d. In liberacione 
famulorum bmcini per annum xiii.ti. xiii.5. et in stipendiis iiii. 
servientium in pistrino; ettrium in bracino, et duorum in molendino, 
et clerici de receptis per annum Ixxviii.S. Item elemoainario pro 
pane nigro per annum, viii.d. In septenis den' eidem datia 
pro quinque defaltis maneriorum ii.S. xi.d. Item parvis canonicis 
pro pane nigro iiii.ti. Summa xxvii.ti. vii.d. Item in redemptis 
c,iiii".xvi. paniu-n, pretium pania ob. q"., xii.S. iiii.d. Item in 
redempcione vii. prebendanim cervisiie, pretium lagente ob, q*., 
xiii.S. i.d. ob. Summa xxv.5. iiij.d. ob. Item in defaltis de Kadyndon 
xxvi.S. viii.d. Summa summarum totius expensi Iviii.ti. xv.B. ix.d. 
ob, q". Quibns subtractis de summa reccpti remanente distribu- 
enda canonicis per annum residentibus vi.B. vii.d. ob, hoc 
modo. In primo quarterio ix. residentibus quarta pars vi.ti. xix.d. 
ob, q*. et remanet ob. porcio cujuslibet siii.S. vi.d. q*. et remanet q*. 
In secundo quarterio octo resiidentes vi.ti. xx.d. porcio cujuslibet 
xv.S. ii.d. ob. In tertio quarterio x, residentes vi,ti. xix.d. ob. q". 
porcio cujuslibet xii.S. ii.d. et remanet q". In quarto quarterio vii. 
residentes vi.ii. xs.d. q*. porcio cujuslibet xvii.S. iiii.d. ob. et 
remanet ob. qV Isti residebant, in primo quarterio, secundo, tercio, 
quarto, Dominus Decanus, Archidiaconus Middlesex, Thesaurarius, 
Johannes de Sancta Maria, R. de Brandon, Magister R. de Stowe ; 
pars cujuslibet istorum Iviii.S. iiii.d. q". Item in primo, secundo, 
tercio quarterio Archidiaconus Essex et Magister J . de Luke, porcio 
utriusque iatorum xl.g. x.d. ob. q*. Item Cancellarius resident' 
quarterio tercio, porcio ejusdem xii.S. ii.d. In tercio et quarto 
quarterio residebat S. de Stranbrugg, porcio sua xxix.S, vi.d. ob. 
Item in primo quarterio residebat Archidiaconus Londoniensis 
tantum, porcio ipsius xiii S, vi.d. q. 
I Item reddit compotum de consuetis et debitis exitibus panum 



proveriieiitiiim dempndictiaD^nu.qaajter'etii. bosseO' 
famiatis, videlicet xcif.c&lxrL psnes. De qmbofl xxx. 
canonicis per annom xxxii<*.occ.bL pan^s. Tribas minoribwt 
canomcia et daoboa aliis, videlicet capellano celebTmnti pro 
Williebni deSancU Mai^arefDecano,et scripton bbromm 
ctiilibet iL pan' in diem, tii'.DCjl. panes per annum, et iiLd. otk 
per ebdomodam pro pane nigro. Item ix. minoribas aliis, ctua 
cnstofie bracini, qui est decimas, coilibet in diem L panem, per 
annum iif.Dc.xi. panes. Sacristano pro bostiis inveniendis omni- 
bus celebntntibas infira ecdesiam per annum bi. pan. Et pro- 
curia Gilberti lii. panes. Item firmaiiis x]t. panes, acU' pro 
qnalibet firma L panem. Item ecclesin parochiali pro pane ben»- 
dicto iiL rel iiiL panes. Item serrientibos bracini per annom pnt 
pitanciis cc. panes. Marescallo pro iiiLfestis duppUcibos iiuupaa. 
Item pro redditn de Aldelborston per annum iiiL pan. Cmnufi^ 
infirmia, minatis [Htanciis, pro dirersis negotiis xri. panes. Iten 
Waltero Hervr pro xr. septimanii xlr. panes, sc* per ebdomodaa 
iii. panes. iui.ii\ccccJziii. pan. 

Et exoedit expensa receptis in c Jiii*'.XTii. pan' qui Tendantar 
et computantnr supra in expensis. Item in atalladone ii. canoni- 
comro ii. panes. Item reddit compotum anno supradicto da 
XLM.ccIxri. panes de exitu .D.xlriii. quarter* ii. bussell' de fra- 
mento funiiato. In ri'^.XTii. fnmiciia ad onamqnemqae fumicinm 
iiii. quarter* de mensura bracini sc quarter' de Til. bnxsell' l^a- 
iibos hoc modo : 

DcpruDofnTTi'cc.uu^.o.pui. D« liii.".iL 

Da qoano ee.uu**.iiiii. paa. . Da r 

pu. D« IiiL 
pa. DoSit 
I—. D.«. 


^^^^^^^^ BXSCTl PAU LI, A.D. 1283. 169 H 

De «i. ™... p'. 

De X. cc.iiil".xi. p 

De iUi. CM. p 

Dexvii. eciiii"..*. p'. 

De xi. dciiU-.riu, p' 

Do ». cc.iiii".xix. p 

De «iii. co.liii»'.iix. ..-. 

De xii. ».iiii°.xi. p' 

De vi. cc.iiU-.xii. p 

De ilx. cec.v. p'. 

De xiii. eciiil"..!. p- 

Db vii. coo. p 

De «. c<».ii. p'. 

De xiiii. co.iiii".»ii. p 

De viU. ca>.^. p 

Snuuiu ir*.DoocJxziii. p'. 

Db IV. c!c.iiii".«ix. p' 

De ix. ro. iiii". xix. p 

De primo ciMi.liii". p'. 

De xvi. oociiii. p- 

De X. cec.ii. p 

De ■eeuodo cro.vii. p'. 

Db xrii. eoc. p' 

Dexi. m.iiii".x.. p 

De iiL om.yUI. p'. 

Do iTili. oociiH. p- 

1 De xii. eoc. p 

D« iiii. cce. p: 

De xix. ooc.Tiii. p' 

De iiii. «:.Uii''.xv. p 

De -. ocw.iii. p'. 

Dt XX. occ.iiii. p' 

Db iliii. oo.iiii""jLyii. p 

De .i. dccuU" si. p'. 

Summa v-.DCCOO.l.xix. p 

De XV. (M.iiiio.xil. p 

D. viL oociii. p'. 

De primo ccc.vii. p 

1 De xvi. oe.liii".xri. p 

De riii. ociiii".yl. p'. 

Db ii. pc.iiii'^.xYi. p' 

i De xvii. M.iilia .xiiii. p 

De ix. acUilo.K. p'. 

De iii. ce.i>u<>.ii. p' 

j D« XTiU. ■ cc.iiii^.viii. p 

De «. p'. 

Deiiii. M.iiii-.iiii. p' 

Da xix. <!0.iiii".iiii. p 

De Ki. cc.iiii".viii. p'. 

De y. eciiii-.xvii, p' 

. De XX. oc.iiU^.xiii. p 

De lii. oo.iiii°.x.. p". 

De ,i. K. p' 

SunuuM v-.ncoco.x xiiii. p 

De xHI. ccliU=.tiii. p'. 

De vii. Mcili. p' 

Item de prima coc. p 

De aliiL cc.iiil°.xi. p'. 

Deriii. p- 

; De ii. oc.ii>i".x. p 


De «*. p'. 

Db ix. oo.Lii,".x.i. p 

i De iil. ao.Iiii'>.*iii. p 


De xri. <™. p'. 

De I. ec.uii".x>x. p< 

De iiii. cc.liii".viii. p 

De irii. ooa.u. p'. 

De xl. oc.iiii".vi. p* 

De T. eo Jiil=.i. p 

De iTiil. «.liu".xiii. p'. 

Dexii. ™.iiii".iii. p- 

De vi. cc.liii''.TUi. p 

De xlx. «.iiii".xi. p'. 

Dexlii. «.iiU-.xv. p 

De vii. e«.iiil",.ix. p 

De x«. co.iiii".i.. p'. 

De xiiii. L^.iiii-.xvii. p 

Db viii. ceo. p 

Smniiu T^.DCOCc.xiiii, p'. 

Dex.. co.iiii".iii. p 

Db ix. cfl.iiil".xiii. p 

llem de prima ac.i>ii°.ii. p'. 

De ..i. ™.mi".vii. p 

Do X. cc.ilii".!. p 

De ii. oB.mi«.XTU. p'. 

De xrii. eo.iiii".ix.- p 

Db Ii. <».iiii".lii. p 

De iil. ccJiii".vUi. p'. 

De x.iii. oo.iiii".ii. p 

De xii. i».iiii".iiii. p 

De iiii, oc.iiii''.xui. p'. 

De xix. ec.iiii-.xi. p 

De xiii. <».iUi".vu. p 

De r. oe4iil°...iii. p'. 

De XX. ec.iiii".xvii. p 

De xiiii. oo.iiiJ".iiu. p 

De vi. OO.Uii-.xil. p'. 

Sumnu YO.DcGc.lii. p 

De XV. oa.liii°.!i. p 

De vii. oe.iiii°.xU. p'. 

IWmdeprimo oo.iiii-.xiiii. p 

De xvi. oo.Ui^.x*. p 

Ue iiii. «3.iiii*'.Ii. p'. 

De ii. Po.liiL".xv, p 

De xvii. ooo.iJt». p 

_0.ix. cc,UiL".iiii. p'. 

De iii. CO. iiii" .xiiii. p 

SuniDA iiii-.i>ccM.lxii. p-. ^ 

^T Memoranduoi quod in duobus festis aancti Pauli Uberantur H 

cuilibet majori canonico in die pro pitancia tres wasletli, et ceteris ^M 

minoribus canoniciH justa numerum panum liberacionis svue, ^M 

^^ Similiter in Rogacionibua de flaonibiis liberaiitur eis pro pitancia ^^^^H 

^L ^^^^^1 


juxta eundem madum per duos dies, videlicet aeeunda et terci& 
feria. Anno gratlte Millesimo cc.l™". vale1>at qaarterium fnimcnti 
iiii. 8. secundam mensuram Braciiii. Ordeum ii.5. vi.d. Arena Busca vi.3. Liberaciones servientium xlvi.d. Cariagium 
totius firmre ix.d. Quibus omnibus coUectis erat summa unius 
firmsE vi.ti. Summa xlv, firmarum ad preciura predictum cc.lxx.ti. 
Item preter dictas firmas redduntur in bracino vij.ti. pro defalcis di- 
versorunj maneriorum. Summa summamm provenientium Bracini 

De predictis receptis fuerunt liberationes xxx. canoniconim 
pro pane et cervisia, cuilibet x. marc'. Et iiii. parvis preben- 
dariis pro duobus panibus et cervisia 36 marc'. Et quinto c.3. 
et X. minoribus ad unum panem xlv. marc*, cuilibet lx,5, per 
annum. Item duobus hostiariis capituli et bracini et tribus 
servientibua cuilibet ii. mr, per annum. Item sacristee pro lu. pan' 
lii.d. Item ad flaones faciendum in rogacionibus, et ad wastell v. 
mr. Item pro exenniis x. mr. Item hostiario bracini pro aug- 
mento stipendiorum xxxiiii.S. viii.d. Item elemosinario pro defectu 
vii, ebdomadarum iiii9. id. 

Memorandum quod de providentia Thomte de Coulyng quondam 
custodis Bracini remanere dehent in bracino post recessum 
cujualibet custodis de certo implemento de frumento viii, quarter* 
per mensuram bracini ad duas furnias panis. Item xvii. quarter* 
et dim' de brasio frumenti. Item xvii. quarter' et dim' de brasio 
ordei. Item Ixx. quarter* de brasio avenee. Summa c.xiii. quarter* et 
ii. bussell'ad inclioandum liberaciones post festumSanctiMichaelis. 
Item de antique incremento in pecunia x. marc', sterling. 

Sciendum quod de bracino exeunt liberaciones constitutec 
XXX. canonicorum equates in pane et cervisia, cuilibet singulis 
diebus tres panes albi et nullus niger. Item tres parvi prebendarii 
de choro et unus exterior capellanus ininistrans pro Willielmo de 
Sanct^e Mario; ecclesia decano, item unus qui debet esse scriptor 
librorum ecclesias, minores habent liberaciones, quilibet illorum duos 
panes albos et unum nigrum panem, vel precium ejus tres obol' per 



ebdomodam. Item novem parvi prebendarii et custos bracini, qui 
eat decimus, ainguli habent tales dimiil' liberaciones. Item sacrista 
ecclesiee habet per annum lii. pan' albos vel similia ejuadem prupor- 
cionis sc. pro totidera dominicis per annum pro hostiis invenieiidis ad 
eucaristiatD per singula loca, ubi celebratur in ecclesia. Sciendum 
quod qui integrara habet liberacionem canonici recipit per ebdo- 
modam XXX. bollas cervisiffi. Item redditur firmariis pro quatibet 
firma, quam solvuiit, unux panis albus, et duce boll' cervisiie. 
Summa panis xlv. Summa cervisiEe iiik".x. boll. Item sacrista 
singulis septimanis X. bollie. Hostiarius capituli x. bollte. Portarius 
bracini x. bollte. Et iii. majoribus servientibua ecclesiie xxx. bollcE. 
videlicet cuilibet x. hollie. Pitancias per annum ix".x. panes et 
totidem bollfe cervisiie, et preterea xx. boUce cum wastell, sc. clericu, 
pistori, braciatori, janitori, circulatori, aqusductori, in duplicibus 
festis cuilibet 1. panem et i. boUam, et octo minoribus servientibus 
iiii. panes et iiii. bolloB. 

Braciator percipit per ebdomodam vii. bollas. Summa per 
Pistor vii. bollas. Janitor x. bollas. Tractor ( ebdomodam 
cervisiie vii. bollas ) xxxi, bollte. 

Itipendia in f Braciator per annum x.S. Duobus f 
1 bracino. ( servientibus sub eo x.B. viii.d. J 

! Janitori cum pueru suo x.A. per eb- 
domodam. Pistori annuatim x.S. 
tribus garcionibus suis annuatim 

XX. 5. viii.i}. 

tipendia in f Molendinariu 
molendino. (Garcionibus t 

annuatim vii.S. 
lis annuatim vi.S 

Quatuor pistores, braciator, et duo molendarii, quilibet eorum 
Fpercipit ebdomodatimvii.d. Duo servientes in bracino ebdomodatim 
xii.d. Tractor cervisice ebdomodatim iii.d. 

Summa per xlv. septimanas ultra recepta de firmariis 
Item per vii. sepUmanas residuas xxxvii.3. iiii.d. 


Summa total' liberationis per annum ultra recepta de firmariis 
o.iiii.s. x.d. 

Solent expendi singulis annis in busca Item pro aqua 
ducenda iiii. marc'. Item pro feno ad equos molendinj \x.i. 
Item in ferrura eorumdem i. marca. Et in avena ad prebendas 
lii. quarter' pret' lii.8. Item in emendacione molendini, bemesio 
equorum et itinere eorum reparando L marca. Et in renovacione 
raolarum et equorum comrauniter xLs. 

Compotos Bracini sancti Pauli a festo sancti Michaelis anno 
gratiEe Millesimo cc.lxxxvi. usque ad idem festum anno sequent!. 

JOHANNES DE BRAYNFORD reddit compotum de dc.Ixxv. 
quarter' frumenti receptis ad panem de xlv. firrois maneriomm. El 
de c.lvii. quarter* et dim' frumenti de eisdem firmis adgrudum. Et 
de xxxiiii. quarter' et dim' de telonio raotendini. Et de ii. qaarter' 
de proficuo. Summa locius frumenti Dccc.lxix. quarter*. 

De quibus in vi". et xviii. fumis funiita sunt D.lii. quarter* 
frumenti, et quodlibet furnum continet iiii. quarter' per mcnaurani 
bracini, qufe faciunt xxxvi. firmas et xii. quarter', et quffilibet finna 
continet xv. quarter" frumenti per mensuram bracini. 

Item in wastell in utroque festo sancti Pauli. Et in flaconibua 
Huobus diebus rogacionum vii. quarter' dim'. Item in grudo ad 
centum braciatum hoc anno c.Ixxt. quarter* frumenti ac. ad 
quodlibet braciatum,i. quarter' et dim' etii.bussetl' mensura bracini. 
Item in vendieione hoc anno c.xxxiiii. quarter' et dim' qaarter', 
Summa tocius exitus et eipenss Dccc.lxix. quarter". 

Item reddit computum de panibus provenientibus de dictia vi". 
et xviii. fumis sc. de xl. m. o.xlix, panibus, et quantum quodlibet 
furnum respondet patet in Rotulo de furnitis. 

De quibus, xxx. majoribus canonicis per annum xxxii. m. DCC.lx. 
panes per annum sc. euibbet eorum iii. panes in die. Item 
domino WilHelmo de Faukebourn et quatuor aliis ejusdem secttt panes per annum sc. cuilibet eorum U. panea in 



Item ix. aliis rainoribus canonicis et ministro bracini 

I.M.M.DC.xl, panes per annum ac. cuilibet eorutn i, panem in 

l.^e. Item sacristte ad hostias Hi. panes per annum, qualibet septi- 

Imana i. panem. Item pro curia Gilbert! lii. panes per annum 

. in ebdomoda i. panem. Item ducentibua Brmaa per annum, 

xlv. panes, pro qualibet firraa i. panem. Item servientibus in 

bracinn pro pitanciis per xx. festa duplicia cc. panes, sc. in quolibet 

festo X. panes. Item marescallo pro iiii. festis majoribus tiii. panes. 

Item pro redditu de Adburton iiii. panes per annum. Item fratri 

de ordine Carmelitarum pro lecturis cc.iiii*'.xiiii, panes per tria 

quarter* anni et tres septimanas, sc, in die i. pan'. Item Bartholomo 

Orologiario per tria quarteria anni et viii. dies cc.iiii".i. panes. 

Item pro pane benedicto ecclesiee parochiali ii. panes. Item in 

installacione canonicorum hoc anno iiii. panes, videlicet Egidi Filol, 

Johannis de Wyleby, Hugonis de Kendale et Gilberti de Straiten. 

Summa tocius expens' panis xl. m. D.cccc.lsxviii, p. Et sic 

1 cccc.xxix. panes. 

n de civil, quarter' et dim* ordei receptis 

1 de XV. quarter* emptis pei 
n bracinum, quEc fecerunt svi 
li, et totum braciatum hoc anno una cum 
Summa c.lsxv, quarter' ordei et totum 

quarter' et 

expens' excedit recept' t 

Idem reddit compotun 
de predictis xlv. firmis, 

Idem reddit compotun 
pavimenti ad perficiendui 
dim' per mensuram bracii 
.sunradictis quarter' ordei, 

Idem reddit compotum de dccxx. quarter avenee receptis de 
xlv. firmis predictis. Et de incremento granarum xx. quarter'. 
Summa dcc.xI. quarter'. 

De quibu^ in predictis centum braciatis dcc. quarter* sc. in 
unoquoque braciato septem quarter" legalia sc. quart' per viii. 
busseir. Item in emendatione cervisies viii. quart' et vi. buss. 
Item in prebendis equorum xxii. quart' vi. buss. In vendicione 
hoc anno viii. quarter' iiii. bussell'. Summa dcc.xI. quarter' avenie. 

Idem reddit compotum de cervisia recepta de dictis c. braciatis 
- sc. de Ixvii'". occcxiiii. bollis. 


Idem reddit compotum de liberacione dictce cervisie, de qua 
liberavit xxx. majoribus canonicis xlvi™. occc. boll* que faciant 
M.D. et Ix. prebend* videlicet computatis xxx. boll" pro i.prebenda- 

Item Willi elm o de Faukebourn et quatuor aliis ejusdem sectffiTii". 
Dccc. boUte que faciunt cc.lx. prebend'. Item is. aliis miiioribus 
et luiniatro bracini yii^.M.uccc boll' qu» faciunt cct-x. preebend'. 
Item janitori bracini, pistori, braciatori, tractatori cervisiiE, et mo- 
lendinario per annum h. Dcc.iiii". et xiiii. boUte quee faciant lii. 
prebend' et xxiiii. bolla:. Item in bracino servientibus pro pitanciis 
per xxli. duplicia festa cc.xx. bollee sc. in quolibet feato x. bollte. 
Item marescallo pro iiii. festia duplicibus iiii. boiler. Item pro 
redditu de Adburton iiii. boUte per annum. Item pistoribus quando 
faciunt wastell et Qacon' viii. boUie, Item firmariis pro xlv. firmia 
iiii". X. bollse pro qualibet firma ii. bollee. Item clerico sancti 
Gregorii per annum lii. bollie ac. qualibet septiman' i. bolla. Item 
fratri Carmelitce hoc anno lectori per tria quarteria et tres septi- 
manas p. iiii". et riii. bollee sc. qualibet ebdomod' xiiii. bolls. Item 
Bartholom'orologi 'post ad ven turn Willielmi de Pikewell xxiiLbollK. 
Item hominibus infirmis in villa iiii. bollfe. Item sacristtB et 
quatuor servientibus in ecclesia u.m.dc. bollee, qus faciuut iiii". 
vi. prebend' et xx. bollte. Item in vendicione hoc anno xxvii. 
bollee. Summa Ixvii. m. occc. xiiii. bollffi. 

Idem reddit compotum de vii.ti. receptis pro defecUbas ma- 
ne riorum. 

Item de xiiB. et vid. ad Uberaciones fai-iulomm de 
xlv. firmis de qualibet firma iiii. xd. 

Item de frumento vendito hoc anno xzxi.ti. iiiB. vii q'. 

Item de avena vendita xx.B. 

Item de exitibus celarii sc. fece et hujusmodi xi.ti. iifl. q". 

Item de xxxii.d. q*. de xxxvii. boU' cervisife. 

Item de talbis vacantibus venditia xxxii.S. vi.S. oft. q». 

Item de pollardis venditis sii.B. vi.d. ob. 

Item de furfure vendito cxvii.B. vii.d. 

Item de carbone vendito de pistrino xviii.B. 

8ANCTI PAULI, A.D. 1286. 175 

Item de exitibus in bracino vi.ii. x.8. ix.d. 

Summa totius recepti iiii".)i. x.8. 

Expensse inde in necessariis ad bracinum xxiii.ti. x.S. v.d. ob. 

Item in necessariis ad pistrinum xiiii.S. ot. 

Item ad necessaria ad celarium v.8. ix.d. ob. 

Item in custamentis minutorum in bracino xxxii.S. 

Item in custamentis in molendino xxyii.8. ob. 

Item in liberacionibus famulorum bracini per annum xiii.ti. xiii.8. 

Item in stipendiis eorum cum clerico lxxyiii.S. 

Item Elemosenario pro pane nigro viii.d. Item eidem 
pro defectibus maneriorum ii.B. xi.d. 

Item minoribus canonicis pro pane nigro iiii.ti. 

Summa summarum liiii.ti. x.S. xi.d. Quibus subtractis de pre* 
scriptis iiii".)i. et x.8. Rem' xxv.ti. xix.S. i.d. dividendis inter 



I (Edbureeton) ; the maoor of, 
146 -, dCKribed, cii 
Abel, the ion of Ernold, lenatit &t Cadilingtan, S 
Abel, William, tenant it Ardleigh, 22, 26 
Abelote, Ricfaard, tenant it Beauchamp, 131 
Absolom, late tenant at Itunwdl, Tl 
Abtolon, Apaolon, Ainlon, tenant at Beauchamp, 
lis, 117; the ion of Baldwin, tenant at 
Chingford, 107 
Account of the year I2SD, cixxiii 
AiTX de geneiteio, Ixiii 
Acne de warcto, reblnatc, Stc. eiplained, »cviii 
Actona, Vital i i de, 128 
Ada, liie daughter of Hugh, the daughter and 

heir of, tenant at Navestock, 77 
Adam, the >on of Ailward. tenant at Ching- 
ford, 8B 1 the son of Edric, tenant at Naves, 
lock, 8 ; the acn of Edwin, tenant there, B5 ; 
the aon of Garin, 124; the son af Gilibert, 
juror of Sutton, 93 ; tenant there, 93, 94 ; te- 
DUit at Chingford, S8 : the tan of GilJberl, 
the ion of Edvard, tenant at Chingford, 90 ; 
tb« K>n ol Hugh, late tenant at Navestock, 19 ; 
the ion of Robert, "hydarlua" atKirkeby, 44 
AdeliDB, the relict of Gilbert, tenant at Keni- 

worth, ID 

Admereitand, land at Bcauchsmp IQ calledi 1 IG 

Adulfanain (Adutveanaw, .EdulvCBnasB, Edu- 

lueanaae, Edotveneaie, Kc.) ; description of 

the manor of, icil ; the leaseof, to Richard the 

Archdeacon, xc»i ; divitioni of the manor. 

icvii the manor of, 38, 111, 125, 129, 149: 

Richard RuffuB " Grmiriui" there. III i the 

■, buildings, stock and furniture there 

|€AMD. SOC. 

dricribed, 130, 131, 132; the churches of, 
133; " sokna de," 159* 

Agnea, "firmarius" at Navestock, 79, 84; 
mother of Gervase de Breinford, tenant at 
Sutton, 95; the relict of A ilw in, tenant at 
Luffenhale, 19 ; the relict of Godman, " ope- 
rarius"'at Sutton, 98 ; the relict of Ralph, 
the son of Ailward, " nativua " at Navestock, 

Ailidi, the relict of Hnroon, tenant atWickham, 

Ailleva, the daughter of Adutf, " operatius " at 
Tiltingham, 63 

Ailmnr, late tenant at Thorp, 41), 41; late 
"hydarius" at Kirkeby, 43; "hjdarius" 
there, 44 : lato tenant at Barnes, 106 ; '' flr- 
mnriua" at Chingford, 144; the son of 
Aldred. juror of Wickham, 33 ; tenant there, 
35; the aon of Hervcy, '■ hydariui " at 
Kirkeby, 44 ; " akcrmannus " at Walton, 52 i 
the ion of Martin," hydariui " at Thorp, 41 

Ailred. the ion of Asketill, "operarioi" at 
Barling, 68 

Ailric, tenant at Wickham, 37 

Ailward, 138; late tenant at Sandon. 14; te- 
nant there, ISilete tenant at Naveitock, 82: 
the land of, at Naveitock, 84; " leprosui," 
late tenant at Chingfoid, 89. 91 ; Ediva his 
wife, tenant there, 91 

Ailnin, the priest, and hli sons, ic ; hii teaac 
copied for his ion's taking, ic ; late " cota- 
rius" at Ardleigh, 27 : late tenant at Wick- 
ham, 35; late tenant at Barling, 67; late 
tenant at Chingford, 91 : the Bishop, late 



tenant at Navestock, 78; '^ lacerdos/' 132, 
124 ; uncle of Robert the son of Ail win, 124 ; 
the son of Picot, tenant at Chingford, 91 
Aimund, the son of Martin, " hydarius " at 

Thorp, 41 
Ainilda the widow, *' operarius " at Walton, 50 
Akerman, Robert, late tenant at Wickham, 35 
Akermanni, tenants at Walton, 52 
Alabastus, late tenant at Walton, 50 
Alan, tenant at Barling, 65 ; late tenant at 
Norton, 74 ; tenant at Sutton, 97 ; the son 
of Algar, late tenant at Beauchamp, 29 ; te- 
nant there, 115 
Alard, A. the Dean (of London) 38, 39, 41, 42, 
44, 49, 98, 100 ; '* firmarius '* of Beauchamp, 
Alarick, the son of TurkiU, "hydarius*' at 

Thorp, 42 
Alberic, "canonicus," "magister,** 22, 126; 

takes Ardleigh to farm, 136, 137, 138 
Albert, William, juror of Runwell, 69 
Albreda, tenant at Wickham, 38 
Albus, John, tenant at Chingford, 89, 91 
Albus, Wlward, late tenant at Barnes, IOC 
Aldeland, land at Barnes so called, 103 
Aldelburston, Adburton, meal and bread for 

rent of, 168, 173, 174 
Aldermannesberi, Baldwin de, 128 
Aldina, late ** hydarius " at Kirkeby, 43 
Alditha, Aldiva, late tenant at Ardleigh, 27 ; 
late tenant at Walton, 51 ; the relict of Cocus, 
tenant at Drayton, 101 ; the daughter of 
Alexander, tenant at Barnes, 104 
Aldred, late tenant at Wickham, 35; Walter 

tenant at Wickham, 34 
Alebedrip, explained, cxxxv 
Alegrave wood, at Sandon, 13 
Alexander, tenant at Caddington, 4 ; " magis- 
ter," tenant at Heybridge, 54 ; " firmarius" 
at Sutton, 95, 96 ; the Third, Pope, 109 ; tlie 
son of Gregory, tenant at Kensworth, 8 ; the 
son of Emesius, tenant at Kensworth, 1 1 ; 
the son of Wlured, tenant at Luffenhale, 20 ; 

the son of Reginald, '* hidarius" at Kirkeby 
and Horlock, 45 ; the son of Lefsi, tenant st 
Heybridge, 57 ; the son of Aluric, late tenant 
at Barnes, 106 ; a canon of St. Paurs, takei 
Sandon to farm, 134 

Alfilda, Ute ** hidarius" at Kirkeby and Hor- 
lock, 46 ; the land of, at Navestock, 84 ; tbe 
relict of William, tenant at Tillingbam, 59 

Alfay, ditat Daunfay, Robert de, tenant at Kent- 
worth, 9, 10 ; 9. Anfey and Danfey 

Alfwin, the son of Estrilda, tenant at TiUinf- 
ham, 61 

Algar, late tenant at Tillinghamy 62 

Alicia, tenant at Caddingtoo, 5; late '*bydsf 
rius'*at Kirkeby, 44; ** operarius" atWsl- 
ton, 50 ; the widow, "operarius" there, 50; 
tenant at Heybridge, 54, 56 ; the daughter of 
Eilllva, tenant at Caddington, 4 ; the dan^- 
ter of Juliana, tenant at Caddinf^n, 4 ; tbe 
daughter of William, tenant at Caddingtoo,4; 
the daughter of Geoflf^y, "hidarius* si 
Kirkeby and Horlock, 46 ; the relict of Alan, 
tenant at Caddington, 6 ; tbe relict of Wario, 
tenant at Kensworth, 8 ; the relict of Ail- 
ward, tenant at Beauchamp, 30 ; the relict of 
Lambert, tenant at Beauchamp, 32 ; the rdict 
of the Templar, tenant at Wickham, 37; 
the relict of Gilibert, " hydarius" at Kirkeby, 
44; the relict of Hereward, '* hydarius "at 
Kirkeby, 44 ; the relict of Baldwin, the son 
of Sirro, tenant at Tillingbam, 59 

AUurton, *' compotus " of, 164 

Alms, weekly application of, xci 

Alured, '< hydarius " at Kirkeby, 44 ; Ute ten- 
ant at Drayton, 100; the brother of Roger, 
tenant at Luffenhale, 20 

Aluric, Alric, late tenant at Wickham, 34, 35, 
36 ; tenant there, 37 ; late tenant at Thorp, 
39, 51 ; late tenant at Chingford, 91 ; late ten- 
ant at Sutton, 96 ; tenant there, 145 

Alvitha, Aluitha, Alueua, late '* hydarius " st 
Thorp, 41 ; at Kirkeby and Horlock, 45 ; laU 
tenant at Tillinghamf 60 ; de MariaoOt tbe 

relict of Alexander, " hydariua " U Klrkeb^ 
and Horlock , 45 
Alwin, WillUm, tenant Bt Beauchatnp. 1 1 T 
Amanwil, Richard de, 124, 12^ 
Ancelin, Beatrice, tenant at Beaucharap, 31 
Anchelei, Gregory ^e. Juror of Kenaworth, 7 ; 
J ate tenant, and alio tenant there, 9, 10, 13; 
John de, tenant at Kensworlh, 9 
Andrea, Gilbert de Sani^tQ, tenant at Beau- 
champ, 120; Henry de Saccto, tenant at 
Bcauchamp. 30; Robert de Sancto, Roger 
the Bon of, tenant at Beauchamp, 118 
Andrew, the »on of Oibcrt, "hidariiia" at 
Kifkebj and Horlock, 4G ; the son of Stephen, 
juror at Thoip, 38; tenant there, 39, 40, 41 
Anfey, Robert de, juror of Caddington, 1 ; n. 

Alfpy and Danfey 
Angema, tenant at Ardleigh, 24 
Anger, the too of Osbert, jurorof Ardleigh, 21 ; 
tenant there, 25 ; the son of Robert, tenant 
there, 2S 
Anglieua, William, tenant at Sandon, 14, la 
Angra, Magna. Angr, n. Ongir. Great 
Anleia, Anice, "operariui" at Beauchamp, 117: 
the widow, tenant at Barling, 6S ; the relict of 
Gilibert, tenant at Caddington, 5 ; the relict 
of John Besant, tenant at Sandon, 14, 16; the 
daughter of Roger, tenant at Caddington, 4, 
£ ; tenant at Heybridge, 5B 
Auimabui, pro eorum, &c., elpluned, iciv 
Ankitll, juror of Beauchamp, 28 
Annilda, late tenant at Walton, 50 
Annul lb Incarnatlone, &c., identified, Ixiivi 
Aperlendoi selonea ad aqute ductum, explained, 

Appruare, explained, cxxiii 
Aqua duceuda, explained, cxxiii 
Aratura de lage ertbe, 3 ; Ita nature, iavl 
Arborea in haiciii aui), &c. explained, cxxvi 
Archbishop, The land of the, at Barnei, 103; 

court of, there, 103 
Archdeaconi, " Quid solvatur Archldiaconia," 
e. cxvili, ciii 


chariua, &c., jurors of Beauchamp, iiiiTii 
chariua, Richard, juror of Beauchamp, 114; 
lenant there, 116 

rcher, Thnmai, juror of Beauchamp, 38 i ten- 
t there, 30 

', Archil, G. de, Geoffrey de, Gilibert i^. 
69, 70, 7 1 , 72, 92 ; Nicholaa, " Bnnaiiut" tt \ 
Sutton, 98 
Atcoidua, "canonicuaet preibiter," 125 
Ardleigh, (Ardel. Ardeley, Erdele, Erdeley), 31, 
164*; iti Block and premliea detcrlbed and 
valued, 135, 136, 137, 138; the manor of, 
140. 153; "compotua" of, 154, 155, 156, 
157. iJ8, 159, 162; the church of, 147, 148 
Ardelej, Oibert de, takes Ardleigh to farm, 135 
Arkarius, Thoniaa, tenant at Beauchamp, 30 
Arnold, the son of Herbett, tenant at Ardleigh, 

Amulf, t 
Artuk, l: 

it SuttOD, 97 

the daughter of Lefwin, tenant at San- 
don, 14; the widow, " operarius" at Sandon, 
IT ; the widow, tenant at Nivestock, 76 
Aicbitill, juror of Beauchamp, 114; tenant 

there, 117 
Asketil, tenant at Beauchamp, 31 , 32 
Asketin, Walter, tenant at Beauchamp, 130 
Asbill, the ton of Reginald, tenant at Cadding- 

Askitlllua, tenant at Caddington, 6 

Aspeheg. William Brunui, tenant at Beau- 

Astreg', Alexander de, tenant at Keniworth, 12 

Athelitan, juror of Beauchamp, 28 

Atrebam, Hawlaia the relict of Hugh de, tenant 

at Heyhridge, 55 
Auco, Robert de, IS4, 125 
Audeley [Ardleigh >] , 1 1 1 ; Nicholaa de Sigillo, 

"firmarius" there. 111 
Auguitine, late tenant at Kensworth, 13 
Auguitine, William, tenant at Kirkeby, 45 
Auguitini, Edward, " aacerdoa " SanctI, 136 

Angustini, Thomaa, " hydari 

It KIrkebr, 44 



Auxilium regis, Ixxvi 

Avenre, iU derivation and meaning, Ixvi, Izvii 

Aversilver, iU meaning, Izxziii 

Avicia, the widow, the second wife of Walter 
Blund, tenant at Barling, 66 

Balcum, its meaning, c. 

Baldeva, tenant at Navestock, 78 

Baldewin, 125 

Baldwin, late '* hydarius *' at Kirkeby and Hor- 
lock, 45 

Baldewin, late tenant at Walton, 50 ; late ten- 
ant at Tillingham, 63 ; late tenant at Sutton, 
94, 95, 97 ; the son of Gerard, tenant at 
Chingford, 88 ; the son of Hugh, *' confrater" 
of Saint Paul's, London, takes Caddlngton to 
farm, 124; the son of Robert, " operarius" 
at Sandon, 17 

Bancroft, land at Thorp so called, 39 ; Stephen 
de, " hydarius " at Thorp, 4 1 

Bardenei, John de» " serviens " of the Chapter 
(of London), tenant at Chingford, 92 

Barling, Essex, Berlinga defendebat se, &c., its 
variations, cv ; the manor of, 64, 126, 143, 
152, 165 •; "compotus'^of, 164, 155, 156, 
157, 158, 159, 161; the church of, 149; 
Walter de Berling, " firmarius *' there, 64 

Barnes, Surrey (Bcma, Bernes, B'nes), the 
canons' tenure of, Ixxxiv ; the manor of, 103, 
105, 111, 127, 145, 152,165*; the church of, 
151; "compotus,"&c.of, 154, 155, 156, 158, 
159, 162; magister Philip de Haddam *' fir- 
roarius " there. 103 ; " prsepositus '* of 103 ; 
John, '* firmarius " there, 1 1 1 

Barnes, John de, " firmarius" at Navestock, 74 

Bartholomew, tenant at Heybridge, 56 ; " fir. 
marius *' at Wickham, 142 

Basilia, the widow, tenant at Beauchamp, 3 1 ; 
the daughter of Lambert, tenant at Beau- 
champ, 32 ; (daughter of Ainilda T), ** opera- 
rius " at Walton, 51 ; the relict of William, 
the son of Wluru', 29 

Basse, Beatrice, 68 ; Beatrice, the relict of Os- 
bert, tenant at Barling, 66 

Bassett, Walter, tenant at Caddlngton, 4 

Bassingeburn, Bassingebume, Alan, the son of 
Alexander de, tenant at Sandon, 15; John 
de, tenant there, 14, 15 

Bateria, Ixxvi 

Batz, Roger, " hydarius" at Tborp, 41 

Beatrice, " hydarius," and late " hydarius" st 
Kirkeby and Horlock, 45; late tenant it 
Heybridge, 53 ; the relict of John the son of 
Richard, tenant at Sandon, 16; the relict of 
Thomas del Slo, "operarius" at Tilling- 
ham, 63 ; the relict of Brichtbmar* tenant it 
Navestock, 78 ; the relict of Geoinrey, " ope- 
rarius*' at Tillingham, 63 ; the widow, tenaat 
at Wickham, 37 ; tenant at Heybridge, 56, 57 

Beauchamp, Essex (Baldcchamp, Bealchamp, 
Belcamp, Belchamp,) observations on in- 
creased rental of lands in, Ixxxix ; the manor 
of,27, 114. 129, 141,152,164*; itsstockand 
premises described, 138, 139; the "compo- 
tus'* of 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160; 
the church of, 148 ; receipts from defaulten 
at, 166; William de Burnham, *' firmarius* 
there, 27, 28, 29, 30, 32 ; Hugh de Sancto 
Eadmundo, " custos*' of the manor of, 118 

Bedel, Bedellus, Richard, juror of Sandon, 13; 
tenant there, 14; "operarius" at Sandon, 
17 ; late tenant there, 19 

Bedellus, Hugh, tenant at Ardleigb, 24 ; Wil- 
liam, juror there, 21 ; tenant there, 24 

Bedellus, the son of Richard Carpentariui, Wil- 
liam, tenant at Ardleigh, 26 ; William, the 
son of Ralph, tenant there, 27 

Bedford, the Archdeacon of, 147 

Bedhalsaker and Bedemad, explained, cxxiv 

Beer, the extent and disposal of the cathednl 
brewings, I, li 

Bel, William le, son and heir of Robert le, te- 
nant at Navestock, 76 

Bela, *' heres" of, tenant at Navestock, 85 

Belchem, 111; Richard Ruffus, ** flrmariai" 
there, 111 

Belle, Robert de la, tenant at Runwell, 71 

Belma, Ricudus de, 125 

Belin'. Wllliim de, anon of St. Pkiil'i, 139 

BernriK. Ixxii, 59 

Bercarius, ■' domini' at Bnroes, 105 

Bercariua. Berktrius, Adun, " cotaiius" at Ard- 
Uigh, 27; Hugh, lenanl »t Ardleigh, 22: 
Roger, teniiit ■[ Chingford, 90 

Berllng, Wiltcr de, " lirmarius" at Barling, G4 

BerlingsiD. tllj Richacd Ruffui, " llrmBrlui" 
there, 1 1 1 

Bernard, cletk oF the Dean, 126; William, te- 
nant at Runwell, 70 

Betoa, BeineB, B'no, i'. Barnei 

BetDc, Bernci, John de, the father, " flrmarius" 
alNaveitock, 79 ; John, thesan, "firmariul" 
there, 79; John de, " lecundus," SI ; John 
de, 85; Philip de, 104, lue ; Agnei de, 105, 
106i Gllibert the son of John de, tenant at 

Biianc', Ralph dc,"fiiniariu»" al Heybtiitge, 52 
Bladum lix acranim, explained, xcv 
Blare, John, " opeiarius" at TIlIinghHm, C3 
Blench, John, juror of Walton, 48 ; tenant 

there, 49 
Blldewin, the dRughterof. tenant at Ardlfigh, 

22. 2fi 
Blund, Avicia the widow, the second wife of 
Waller, tenant at Barling, GG ; Jordan, te- 
nant at Naveitock, 78 
Blundui, Richard, tenant at Caddliigtori, 3 ; 
Richard, the ion of Richard, tenant at Kens- 
worth, 9 ; Geoffrey.tenaiitatKeniworth, II, 
13; Robert, tenant at Atlcigh. 27; Her- 
raund, tenant at Thorp, 40; Haniund,"hy> 
diriui there. 41 ; Jordan, tenant at Navc- 
■tock, 84 ; John, tenant at diLngford, BB, 90, 
Bonde, Adam, tenant at Naveitock, 84 ; Ralph 
le, " nativua" there, 83, 83 ; Ralph, tenant 
there, 65 
Bosco, monialcs de (the nuni of Morketcell, 
Herti,) 3; Hugh de, late tenant at Beau- 
champ, 30; tenant there, 31, 116, 117; 

EX. 181 

Roeaia, the relict of Reginald de, tenant at 
Beauchamp, 30 ; Roger de, tenant at Wick- 
ham, 35, 37; tenant at Beauchamp, 119; 
Robert de, tenant there, 36 ; Richard de, 
tenant there, 37 ; Juliana de, tenantat Wick- 
ham, 37 : Jordan dejuror of Hejbridge, 52 ; 
tenant there, 54 ; William de, juror of 
Navesloctc, 74, 84 ; William Dolphin de, te- 
nant at Navestock, 77 ; Alexander de, tenant 
al Naveitock, 79, 80 ; William de, tenant 
there, 79, fiO ; Henry de. juror of Beauchamp, 
114; tenant there, 115, IIG, 117 

Boscum araum, t; Brentwood 

Bojcum, Alwin " ultra," juror of Beauchamp, 

Botcut vettitus, in meaning, liiii ; non vei- 
titua, its meaning. Ixuvii ; forinsecus, de- 
tcribcd, txv 

Bosae, Geoffrey, " operariua" at Tiilingham, 63 

Bole; houiehole, herbotr, heybote, expUined, 

Bracinum, paymenla to lhe,e»plained, cxivili; 

Brsdefeld, land at Beauchamp to called, S9, 30, 

.115, Hfl 
Bradege, Bradhcge, William, juror of Bamei, 

103; tenant there, 101, IDS 
Drademad, Brodemad, land at Navestocb ao 

called, 79 
Brainford, Breinford, Gervase de, claimant and 

tenant of land at Sutton, 95, 98 
Brandon, R. de, resident at Saint Paul's In the 

year 12S3, 1C7 
Braynfurd, John de, " cuato* bracini " of Saint 

Paul's, his " coropotuB" for the year 1286, 

172, 173, 174, 175 
Brcnd, the number and size of loaves baked and 

■upplied, xlix, I. 
Breaule, William de, tenant at Narestock, 75 
Breinford, Agnei, mother of Gervue de, tenant 

at Sutton, 95 
B'rcnestede, Williun de, tenant at Beauchamp, 




Breatwood, Enez ; (" botcum mum ") 78 
Bret, Roger le, tenant at Chinglbrd, 91 
Brian, late tenant at Thorp, 39. 40; "hyda- 

rius" there, 41 
Briani, William, tenant at Thorp, 40 
Bridus, land of, at Heybridge, 54 
Brichtmari, Walter, juror of Chingford, 86; 

tenant there, 88, 90, 91 
Briditera, late " hydarius *' at Tborp, 41 
Brichtnothus, the son of Godman, tenant at 

Sutton. 97 
Bricti, Briksi. the land oi; at NaTestock, 81, 84 
Brid, Alan, "operarius" at TIIKngham, 63; 

Wlric, ** operarius " there, 63 
Brimhe9e,Brunhese, Brunhes'.Brube's, Richard, 
juror of Chingford, 85 ; tenant there, 89, 90 ; 
late tenant there, 91 
Brtto, P^Tia, ««nepoa*' of Osbert, tenant at 

Barling, 66 ; Otbert, late tenant there, 66 
Broco. Wigor de, late tenant at Tfflingham, 63 
Broke, land at Beaucbamp ao called, 118 
Brombee, ** grava ** de, at Heybridge, 52 
Brueim. its meaning, Ixxxii ; Richard de, tenant 
at Ardletgb. 29 ; Godulfus de, tenant there, 
32 ; Gcofny, the son of William de, tenant 
thetY, 26 
Br^wr". Walter de la, **nepos** of Wfanar. 
tenant at NaTcstock, 77 ; Wimarcb de la, 
tenant at Navestock^ 79 ; Wimar^, the relict 
of Walter de la. ** natiTus "* at NaTeatock. 
Bnm. Richard, a pledge aa to farm of Kcaa- 

^vocth. 12t^ 
BraBiM,Hu«b.tbesoaof Hugh; Hugluttsant 

at Ardkigb. 25. 27 
Bniniic Hugb,>tfcrof Aidk4gb,21 ; Rkbard. 

late tfoant at Cbiogford. (3^9 
Bi^nman, tenant at Walton, 4!^ : SaiiB«n^ 
«* otp<ffariut ** thetY^ 50; Ciimund^ tenant at 
Wattutt* 49 
Brunmannus.. jttivc of Waltoeu 4S 

BrftBto. William, jurvc of BNMcbnm^ 2*: | Oiligm^ its 
ttoaat tberew $v\ 31 

Bms, Bras, John, juror of Bamca, 103 ; tenant 

there, 106 
Braaa, Izzi, 15 
Bucrinte, Humfrey, takes Keotworth tofvui, 

128» 129 
Buher, Junguin de, tenant at Hey b ridge, 53 
Bubeide, Vnguin de, juror of Heybridge, 52 
BulcteUum cum filo, eiplained, czzzii 
Bund, Bunde, Goaceiine, " operarhn '* at Wtl- 
too, 50; Ailred le, juror of Barling, 64; 
Ra^ le. juror of NaiFCstock, 74; Ralph, 
tenant there, 77, 80 ; Adam, *' natirus* tt 
NaTestock, 81,82; John le, tenant there, 81; 
Ralph, the aon of Wlward. tenant there, 84 
Burgeta, Richard, "operarius'* at Sandon, 17, 

Sawgel, juror of Walton, 48 
Burgenas, William, juror of Barnes. 103; 

tenant there, 104, 105 
Buigilda, late tenant at Barlinf^ 67; the knd 

of, at Barlins, 66 
Burnam,WiIliamde, "irmarios'* orTVorp,38 
Bumhaaa. WOfiamde, "firmariim'' of Beaa- 

chaaap. Esaez, 17. 28, S9, 30, 32 
BumeviD*, Robert, tenant at Bcmackamp, 29 


ndtofale; its 
But, WOlMm, tCMBt at Xa ies to t k , 78» 80 


152. 165*; 


oi;i.llO. 113, 124.140. 


of Outcr- 
W 110; "compotna'* 
oC 154, 155, 157. 150 ; vilk Ktmorth, 163 
tW cbnrck of. 147. 163; icedpts ftwi de- 
frattcrant. 166» 167 
C^*Mm\ Robert 4e, 114 



Cimera, pafmcnti to tht, eiplftlned, 
Cimeniiua, the, Ute tenuit M Navotock, TG 
Campc, HuDO, " hydiirim "' at Thoqj, 12 ; 

linin, " naTivui" at Niveatock, S3 
Canipi, " Quot campi lunt in dominio,' 

Campo, Beatrice, the wife of Geoffrey de, t 
at ■niliogham, CI ; Hugh de. ■' hydariui 
Thorp. 41, 4S ; Hugh de, the son of Ai 
" hydariui" at Thorp, 42 

Cani, Robert de, S5 

Canibui eipedltandii, Quieta de, expli 

Canona, complaiata reapecting 1 
liii, lir; Residentiary, their profits 

Canonici* vero I. lib, ; paid tor the manor of 

Adulfinata, cW, 142 
Cantallum, "Deqiilbui habuit ix quatteria," 

&c. eiplained, clxii 
Canterbury, Herbert, Herebert, Aiclideicon of, 
tiuvi ; ntw esurt made by him, at Kens- 
»orth,l2i "ermarius'-atCaddinglon and 
Kenswortli, 110, 111 ; the dean and chapter 
of, new easart niadeby, at Kensworlli, 13 
Cantoc, John, held land at Kenaworth, 9 
Capella, Elyaa dc, tenant at Kenstrorth, 9; 
Hugh de, 124 ; Williain de. tenant at Kent- 
worth, 9 
Capellanus, Reginald, the ion of Walter, tenant 

at Barling, GG 
Capellator, Adam, tenant at Naveatock, 80 
Capellc. " Servit capella quee est in curia," ic 

cbapeli in manor houaes, ciii 
Capent*, Godwin, tenant al Beauehamp. 1 15 
Cirbone pistrini et bracini, explained, uui 
Caretter, John le, tenant at Chingford, 107 
Carcttariui, Karectariua, Richard, tenant at 

Anlleigh. 2G ; tenant al Beauchamp, 1 19 
Camielitarum, fratri de ordine. cixiiii. cxmiv 
Carmelite, a brother, "reader" at Saint Paul's 

in the year 12S6, meal allowed to. 1 74 
CuDifei, Gregory, tenant at Kensworth, 9 ; 

1 of Richard, i 


John, the s< 
worth, 8 
CarpentariuB, Aluric, tenant at Wickham, 36 ; 
Cecilia, the relict of Gilbert, tenant at Beau- 
champ, 31 ; Pagauus, late tenant at Ardleigh, 
24 ) Reginald, lite tenant at Chingford, 6S, 
9i I Robert, and Ailwin liia son, late tenants 
there. 90 : Robert, tenant at Ardleigh, 2b ; 
Walter, tenant at Ardleigh, 24; William 
" Bedellus," the son of Richard, tenant at 
Ardleigh, 26 ; William, tenant at Sandon, 14 ; 
tenant at Beauchamp, 30 

Castella, contra, explained, xcii, ciixv, ciuvi 
r. late tenant at Ardleigh, 26 

Calteilee, land at Chingford so called, S9 

Cattle, right to sell. " An nativi vendiderint," 
3u:. explained, cxxvi 
aruca, lt> various meaningi, Ixv 

Carucata, explained, cxxl, cuii 

Carucee, or plough -teams, zv, ivi 

Cecilia, the relict of Adleilon, tenant at Beau- 
champ, IIS; the relict of Andrew, " hida- 
riui" at Kirkeby BndKorlock,4G; the relict 
jit Gilbert Carpentatiua. tenant at Beauchamp, 
31; therelict of Ralph, tenant at Keniworth. 
8; therelict of Savarus,"hidariu9" at Kiikeby 
and Horlock,46 

Cementarius, Williatn, tenant at Kensworth, 9 

Ceisit in dies regis, meaning of the phrase. In 
hancellor, the, resident al SL Paul's in the 
year 1283, 167 

Chnlcrofte wood, at Sandon. 13 

Chalncroft, at Sandon, 14 

Chanterel, late tenant at Sandon, 14; Cecilia, 
the relict of Alan, tenant at Beauchamp, 

Chapter, revenue contributed by churches of 
irs to the, " Quid lolvatur capitulo," 

Charchiare, Ixxxi 

Chelei, Walter, juror of Sulton, 93 ; tenant 

there. 97 
Chelmeaford, "compotus" of, 164 



Cberchesed, explained, cxziv 

Chetewich, '*8oIaiida" de, at Sutton, 93 ; tene- 
ment of, at Willesdon, 152 

Chichester (Cicettr*) G. de, canon of London, 14 

Cbingford, Essex, (Chingeford, Chingelford,) 
IxzxT ; the manor of, 85, 107, 1 1 1, 135, 144, 
152, 164*; Gaiter, " firmarius " there, HI; 
"compotus" of, 154, 155, 156, 158, 159, 
161; the church of, 151 

Church, payment to the mother, " Quid secclesise 
matrici jure parochiali soivatur," cxv 

Churches, or parsonages of manors, included in 
the lease, xHt, xlvi ; endowment of, tabular 
form of variety in, cxii, cxiv; revenue paid by 
them to the chapter, cxiv, cxv ; ornaments of, 
the visitation of 1181 deficient, cxix 

Circuit, its meaning, czxxii 

Clai, (Clay,) S. de, 23, 24, 27 

Clare, 120; "calceia" de, 148 

Claudus, Osward, tenant atTillingham, 60 

Cleias ad faldam de virgis, Ixxvi 

Clekere, Edward, juror of Chingford, 85 ; Gili- 
bert le, late tenant at Chingford, 88 

Clericus, Alured, 124; Geoffrey, late tenant at 
KensVorth, 10; John, the son of, juror of 
Thorp, 38 ; William, John, the son of, tenant 
at Thorp, 40; " hydarius " there, 42 ; Nigel, 
124; Peter, tenant at Runwell, 71; Ralph, 
tenant at Caddington, 2; tenant at Kens- 
worth, 8, 9; Richard, 124; **nppos" of 
Ralph, tenant at Navestock, 85 ; '* nepos " of 
Ralph, the son of Ailward, tenant there, 78 ; 
*' nativus*' at Navestock, 82 ; Robert, 124 ; 
" hydarius " at Kirkeby, 44 ; tenant there, 
45 ; " hidarius*' at Kirkeby and Horlock, 45 ; 
Walter, the son of Henry, "nativus" at 
Navestock, 81, 82; William, tenant at Wick, 
ham, 35, 37 ; the son of the, juror of Dray- 
ton, 99 

Clerkewell, moniales de, tenants at Heybridge, 54 

Cliford, Clifford, Gunnilda, daughter of Roger 
de, tenant at Caddington, 2; John de, juror 
of Caddington, 1 ; tenant there, 5 ; " domi- 

nns " Robert de, assists Ralph de Diceto in 
his Domesday, 109; Roger de, justice in 
Eyre, 107 ; the heir of Roger de, tenant it 
Caddington, 6 

Clobbere, Richard, tenant at Sandon, 15 

Cnolle, described, cxx 

CnoU, h^ at Wilietdon, 152 

Cob, Robert, tenant at Runwell, 70 

Cobbe, Walter, juror of Ronwell, 69 ; tenant 
there. 70 ; William, tenant at Heybridge, 

Cocus, William, tenant at Wickham, 35 ; late 
tenant at Walton, 49; late "hidarius* at 
Kirkeby and Horlock. 45 

Coderee, Walter de, tenant at Navestock, 76 

Cok, the relict of Wluric. tenant at TiUing- 
ham, 61 

Colchester, R. archdeacon of, 105; themes, 
sure of, 33 

Colebrok, mill thereon, at Drayton, 99 

Colecrof, Cclecroft, land at Beaachamp to 
caUed, 29, 115 

Colecroft, Hugh, the son of Gilbert de, tenant 
at Beauchamp, 119 

Coleham, Aldric de, 128; Ansgot, ''dericus" 
de, 128 

Coleman, the son of Aldred, tenant at Wick, 
ham, 35 

Colier*, Satarus, late tenant at Walton, 50 

Communitas, xciii j pastoragii, communis pas- 
ture, explained, Ixxxii, Ixxxiii, Ixxxiv, Ixxxv 

Companagium, Ixxvi 

"Compotus maneriorum et firmarum," de- 
scribed, cxxvii 

Constable, Geoffrey the, 124, 125 

Constantiae, explained, xciii 

Consuetudines villatae, ixx 

Coperones fustium, explained, Ixxxi, cxxxv 

Commonger, Ailric, late tenant at Sandon, 15 

Corredium, Ixxii, Ixxiii ; 29 

Constantin, late tenant at Chingford, 90 

Cotmannemad', land at Barnes so called, 103 

Coulyng, Thomas de» *'custos bracini" of 

lunt PiuI'b, fail "eampotui" for the year 
""",165, 166, 167,168, 163, 170, 171, 
t-housn in vsrious manora, described 

Cruford, Walter de, ind Athtlaii his daughter, 

lake Twifcrd to Carm, I2T 
Cnnmere, Ralph, the son of Williicn de, teninC 

at Ardleigh, 27 
Cnuine, Crawnic. Raljili, tlic ion oC William 

de, tenant at Ardleigh, 22. 34 
Crementum ut >it perpetmim, explained, lixxi 
Criba, ita meaning, cuxii 
CiispUB, Ridiird, tenant at Walton, 4'J ; "opc- 

nrim " at Walton, 50 
CiiatiDB, the daughter qF. tenant at Tillingham. 

60, 61 i the relict of S., tenant at Wicbhani, 

37 ; the relict of William the son of Edward, 

tenant at Ardleigh, 24 
Crockkertlond, land at Naveatock so callfd, ;i> 
Cruce, Geoffrey, the son of John de, tenonl at 

Ardleigh. SZ : Peter de,tenantat Heybridgc, !,8 
CrDCii, EialtatiQ Sanctse, clli, 140 
Cnuci, Ralph, ■' operariua" at TiUinghani, 63 
Cuherde, Gerard, " hydarius " at Kirkeby, 44 
Cui Dot attinet, meaninE of the pbrase, livli 
Citlacium, explained, Ixxvi 
Cultr«weg, Cuntreweg, Simon, juror of Ard- 

iBgh, 21 ; tenant there, 23, 25 ; " eotariua" 

there. 27 

Cum fjuieftcit dominium per wainagium, ita 

Cupar, tenant at Beauchomp, 115 
Cupere, Richard le, lale tenant at Ardleigh, 24 
Curia haljet foregriat sed dal motturtm, ex- 
plained, Ixxxl 
Curtilagium, explained, cxxl 
Curtpeil, Roger, tenant at Beauchamp, 31 
Cuitamento luo et periculo, explained, Ixxix 
Cuatomiry services, "Item ad quai conauetu- 

dinea teneaotur," explained, cxiiii, cxxiv 
Dale, Edward de la, " hydarius" at Kirkeby,44 
Damian, "hydariut" at Kirkehy, 44; tenant 
, there, 45 
, OAMD. 80C. 

■EX. 185 

Dammartino, Odo dc, Ixxxvii ; " flrmarius " at 

Norton, 1 [ 1 
Danfey, Uaunfey, Robert, juror of Kcnsworth, 

7; tenant there, 12. 
Daniel. William the son of, tenant at Cadding- 

Danningam, v. Dengey 

Daunfay, i'. " Alfay " and " Danfey." 

David. " dominium magiEtri," at Willesdon, 152 

Dean and Chapter (of London), The, 61, B6 

Dean, D*, Decanus, reaident at Saint Paul's in 

the year I3S3. 167; Henry the son of the, 

tenant at Caddington, 6 
Debet ficere aecCam slric, Kc, Ixxiii 
Dehoneirc, Gilhert, juror of Kenswortb, 7i 

tenant there. 9, 10, 12 
Dec', Edmund, 124 
De Carmos, Moelloa, &c., Ixxxiii, 65 
Decern acrx pro ferramentis carucaium facien- 

dia. explained, Ixiviii 
Decern trine cum ferro uno, explained, cii 
Defcnwxl. Bolidorum, ciii, 141 
Demesne land, its nature, Ixy ; " per viltena- 

gium," livi i " Altera dimidla est in domlnlo 

gtldabilis," explained, civ 
Demon, Robert, "hydBriu«"nt Thorp, 41 
Dena, explained, cxivii 

Dene, Robert de la, late tenant nt Caddington, 4 
Dengey, Essex (Danningam), C4 

« Nal 

*, 77 

Dcrcwinua, the land of, at Nivcstock. 84 

Devil, Roger, 5B 

Dlceto, Ralph de. Dean of London, 3S, 93 : hli 

Viiltatioa or Domesday, vl, vili, lutivl, 100 

to 117 
DIgnerium, explained, liiv 
Dionisia, the relict of Ralph Clericua, " hida- 

rius"at KirkehyBndHoilotk.46i tenant at 

Walton, 49 
Disci, ita meaning, cxxiii 
Diiratlonavit per brerc Regis, kc., meaning of 

the phrase, Ixil 

2 B 



Divet, Richard, the son of Ralph, tenant at 
Beauchamp, 30 ; Roger, tenant at Heybridge, 
Dixena, dena, their probable value, kc., zlvii, 

zlviii, cxzvii 
Dodde, a measure, lunri 
Doltin, the land of, at Navestock, 84 
I>olfin de Bosco, William, tenant at Nave* 

stock, 77 
Domesday, of the Exchequer, entries in, relating 
to places in the Saint Paul's Domesday, iii. 
It ; of Saint Paul's, its contents described and 
commented on, iii — xxxii; the information 
therein not uniform, zvi; comparison be- 
tween nature of entries therein and in that of 
Saint Paul's, xrii — zxi; tenants and their 
senrices named in both compared and com- 
mented on, zxi — xxxii 

Domesday books generally, remarks on, ix — ^xii, 
Ix, Ixi 

Dominium magistri Nicholai, &c^ cxix, cxx, 1 52 

Done, Alexander de la, juror of Sandon, 13 ; 
Eadmund de la. *'hidarius»' at Kirkeby 
and Horlock, 46 ; William de la, juror of 

Dordeth, land at Beaodiamp so called, 116 

Dorile, a grove at Beaodiamp so called, 28 

Drmchat, explained, cxxxi 

Drmyton, Middlesex (Draitooe), the manor of, 
99,1I2.145.1S2,164*: **compotus'*of, 154, 
155, 156. 158, 159. 163; the church of, 151; 
Roger de Wigoraia, ^* firmarius ** there. 99 ; 
William. Archdeacon of Gloucester, and 
Robert Simplex. ** firmarii " there, 112 

Droppelimr. Geoffirey, the son of Robert, tenant 
at Keosworth» 1 1 

Duas marvas vel panen, Itc. explained, cii, csii \ 

Duos multooes mebores, Jtc. meaning of the ' 
phrase. Ixxxi i 

IXidde. Ralph, tenant at Ardleigh, 25 j 

Duk. God>»m. late ** hydanus"* at Thorpv 41 ; 
Henry. txM)SLnt at Beauchamp. i9» 32 

Dune. WilliAm de la. '* hydanus'' at Tlwrp, 41 : 


Dunstable (DansUpd'), 9 ; (Danttapde) Husk 
de, tenant at Caddington, 3 ; John Ronsii- 
ger de, tenant at Kensworth, 10 
Durand, the son of Durand, tei&ant at Cadding- 
ton, 3 
Durant, juror of Caddington, 1 
Dux, Henry, tenant at Beauchamp, 1 19 
Duxamur, Felicia, the daughter of, tenant at 

Sandon, 16 ; " operarius" there, 18 
Eadmund, tenant at Walton, 49; " operarius " 
at Walton, 50; "akermannus" there, 52; 
the son of WiUiam, '< hidarius" at Kirkeby 
and Horiocky 46 
Eadmundo, Hugh de Sancto, " custos" of the 

manor of Beauchamp, 118 
Eadrichesland, land at Beauchamp so called, 1 16 
Ecdesia, Gilibert de, tenant at Chingford, 87. 
88, 89 ; Godwin de, tenant at Barnes, 105 ; 
Ralph de, tenant at Thorp, 40 ; " hydarius" 
at Thorp, 42; William de, tenant at Barnes, 
Ecdesia de Kensworth, lzz« 10, 147 
Krriesiam liberam ab omni persona, ezplaioed, 

xltv, xlv 
Edburgeton, r. Abbertoo 
Edelina, 63 ; the daughter of Gilbeit, tenant at 

Ardlei^. 24 
Edith, Editha, tenant at Heyfacidge, 58; tenant 
at Kensworth. 12; the widow, tenant it 
Navestock, 84 ; *' operariaa" at TSIKngham, 
63; the relict of Hogeiin, tenant at Beau- 
champ, 119 : the rdict of John, tenant at 
Kensworth, 10 ; the widow, the relict of Tor- 
bert, tenant at Thorp, 39; the rdict of Tur- 
bert, «« hydarius" at Thorp, 43 
Rdiua, Edira, late tenant at Thorp, 40; late 
tenant at Tillingham, 60 ; the widow, tenant 
at Navestock. 79, 80; the relict of AUmar, 
» hydarius" at Kirkchy, 44; the idict of 
Robert, the son of Theodoric, *' nativns" it 
^aTestocK* wi 
Edm*eBk»d, land at BcandMMap ao called, 30 
Edmund* the son of Lefwia, tenant at Hey- 

bridge, 56; the son of Vilalis, " optrariuB" 
■t Sutton, 99 

Edooth, lute " hydariut" at Thorp, 41 

Edric, jurot of BeBUchamp, 28 ; late " byds- 
rim" Bl Thorp, 41 ; Lefwiti, lentnl at Hey- 
bridge, 57 

Eilricheilond, lind »t Beiuchamp lo calkd, 30 

EdutuFsnaue, i>. Aduirsnasa 

EdwRker, land so called at Kenaworth, 8 

Edward, tenant at Walton. 49 ; tenant «l Sut- 
ton, 98 ; " hidariua" at Kirkeby and Horlock, 
46; "operariui" at Walton, 51; "sacerdoa" 
Sancti Auguslini, I2C; the ion of Gilibert, 
tenant atChingford. 91 : the ion of Turbetn, 
tenant at Sutton, 9G 

Edwin, late tenant at Heybridge, 53 ; late te- 
nant at Naveslock, TB; " operarius" at Wal- 
ton, 51 ; the son of David, •• operarius " at 
Walton, 50; the aon of Golwln, lie 

Edwin, tbeBiahop, land of, alNaveitock, %* 

EgelLD, Maurice, tenant at Beaucbamp, 30, 
31, 3S 

Eilmar "nepo»" of tenant at Thorp, 38 

Elvioa. late tenant at Ardleigh. 2b 

Elyai, iletyai, teninta at Keniworth, 9, 1^ ; 
tenant at Sandon, IS; " hidariui" at 
Kirkeby and Horlock, 4fi ; the son of Ro- 
bert, tenant at Sandon, 15, 17; the aon of 
Robert, the son of Ail ward, tenant at San- 
Emma, " bjrdariui" at Thorp, 41 ; the widow, 
" operariua" at Sandon, 18 : the daughter of 
Eitrilda, the widow, tenant at Caddington, 2; 
the daughter of Stephen, tenant at Thorp> 41 ; 
the relict of Fullo. tenant at Drayton, 101; 
the relict o( Hervey, the ton of EdJva, " hy- 
danua" at Thorp. 42 

Endowment, "quaeiii ergo doa ecclesiarmn," 

tabular form of, variety in, ciii — ciiv 
Xnganet, Tovi. 128 
Xquiclum quantum volueris, explained, cir 

Erdele, Erdeley. &c. r. Ardleigh 

Brnesia*, the heir of, tenant at Caddington, 5 

EX.' - 187 

Etnold, tenant at Beauchamp, 117; the heir 

of, late tenant at Ardl^gh, £3 
Erunch, land at Thorp so called, 39 
Escaets propter furtum, often belonging to 

lordi of manors, livii 
Essarta, described , liiii, liiv 

Eaaenden, Roger de, 

2. 5, 1 

t Caddington, 

Esiei, the arehdeacon of, resident at Saint 
Paul's in the year 1283, 167, Theobald, 
archdeacon of," flrmariui" at Ardleigh, 21,25 

Estbeme, Walter de, tenant at Barnes, 104 

Eatcroft, land there at Heybridge, 53 

Estrede, at Runwcll. 71 

Estrilda, tenant at Kenaworth, 9 ; the daughter 
of, tenant at Thorp, 40 

Eitun', Walter de, late tenant at Caddington, 5 

Eustace, the son of Sexburga, tenantat Sandon, 

Everard, the son of Turbert, juror of Sutton, 93 

Eiennife, explained, cixiiii 

Extede, land at Beauchamp so colled, 116 

Eitranem, Roger, justice in Eyre, 107 

Fa' de avena, its meaning, Ixixiii 

Faber, tenant at Naveatock, 80 ; Adam, juror of 
Barling, 64; " operarius" there. 68 ; tenant 
there, 68 ; Ailwin, late tenant at TlUingham, 
63 ; Bartholomew, tenant at Heybridge, 57 ; 
David, late tenant at Caddington, 5 ; Eadmund, 
late tenant at Walton, 49; Gilbert, Gilibert, 
tenant at Ardleigh, 24; tenant at Bamea, 
106; tenant at Beauchamp, 29 ; the son of 
Alured, tenant at Ardleigh, 27; John, hia 
tenure, Ixxxiv; tenant at Sutton. 93, 96. 98 ; 
" operarius " at Tillingham, 63 ; Lambert. 
tenant at Beauchamp, 120; Mabilia, the 
relict of Walter, tenant at Thorp, 38, 42 ; 
Margaret, the relict of William, tenant at 
igh, 22; Richard, tenant at Drayton, 


f Will 

Sandon, 19; Robert, the same with the relict 
of the I'otter, lenanta a" Chingford, 31, 92; 
hia messuage at Caddington, 3 ; the son of 

188 INE 

Gilbert, teninl there, 3 : Roger, l»te tenant 
■t Barling, 66 ; land of, 68 ; lenint at Chlng- 
ford, 921 Walter, tenant at Chingforc). 91. 
93 ; WillUm, " nativua " at Navestock, 82 : 
the son or Alditha, tenant at Naveltocli, 85 ; 
tbe son or Ralph, tenant at Navestock, TS : 
WUin. tenant at Wickham, 37 

Fictus bracini, explained, cixx 

Falcabit dimidiitn acram, he. explained, UxxU 

Falda, explained, Ixxxlv 

Faukebouin, William dc, meal and bread allowed 
to, 172, 174 

Fsece et hujuemodi, explained, cxxii 

Ferrura, Fetramciilum, their meaning, cxxxii 

Fifhlde, the church of, 150 

Fikere, Jordan le, the son of Ailward, " nati*ua" 
■t Navcatock, ai 

Filol, Giles, a canon of Saint Psul'n, bread uicd 
•t installation or, 1 73 

FinU, anciently called " gerauma," Ixi 

Firma plena, explained, liiiiii, liiijv; prima, 
explained, cxiviil 

Finale, their nature, number. Kc. xxxviii — xli, 
xlvi— xlviii ; their decline and flnal cewation, 
lii — IW ; their conlenti, " Hiec sunt duodccim 
maneria," &c, explained, ciiii ; " Quo; 
fadunt xixTi furniaa," ciix 

Firmarii, their relation to the cathedral, and 
duties, xli— liv 

Flacon, explained, ciiii 

Flawingeham, Robert de, " operariua " at Beau- 
champ, UT 

Flecher, Richard le, juror of Runwell, eg ; tenant 
there, 72 

Flede, William, '" prnpoutua," juror or Ching- 
ford, B& 

Fleg, William Ic, tenant at Chingford, 91 

Foddercorn, described, liii, lix 

Fodere terram ad lioum, lixiv 

Polioth, Gilebert, Biahop of Hertford, 109 

Folur, John le, tenant at Chingford, 107 

Fame, Edwin de, late tenant at Sultan, 9'' ; 
Geoffrey de, tenant at Ardlcigh, 2S ; tenant 

at Drayton, 103) Richard de. jonv ot 
ham, 58 ; tenant there, 60 ; " openii 
Tillingham, C3 ; late tenant at NavtMock. at i 
the land or, at Navettok, 64 ; Rottert dc. 
tenant at Drayton, 101, 102; William it, 
juror n( Heybridge, ^2 ; tenant there, SG ; 
ton of Godfrey de, tenant at Ardlci^, 
Foreland, land at Beauchamp so called, I 
Forestariu3, le Forester, John tbe son ol 
liam, tenant at Wickham, 37 ; Matthew, I' 
Reginald, juror of Beauchamp, 28 : Iheaonar 
William, tenant at Wirkham. 37 ; Robwt, 
tenant at Sandon, 14 ; Williaro, juror d 
Wickham, 33^ tenant there. 36, 37 : the lOn 
of Brichtmar, lenant at Chingford, 91 
Foreateria, " in roresteria bosci clamal hendi- 

Foris factum, Ixxiii ^1 

Fortand and Inland, described, lEili, lulv ^H 
Forman, John, tenant at Thorp, 38, 39 V 
Fotaver, deecribed, Ixvii 

Foukeim'e.William de, tenant at Kensworth, tl 
Fianceis, Robert, late tenant at Ardleigh, >3 
Francum plegium, " obolus de rnnco plefia," 

explained, cv, cvii 
Fratrei, participating "beneBcii et or*tion«»." 

deicribed, xciii, iciv 
Fraiino, Lieueui de, "Mdarius" at Kirkeby 
and Horlock, 4S i Robcitui de, " hidariot " 
at Kirkeby and Horlock, 4C ; William de, 
juror or Wickham, 33 ; tenanllhcre, 36, 87 
Freeholders, "de libcris lencnlibua." Ac. c^ 

Frend, Cecilia, the daughter nf Richard, 
at Caddington, 4 ; Freyesent, the dau| 
of Philip, tenant at Beauchamp, 1 1 9 

Fruciaium, described, livi 

Frutctum, its meaning, Ixxvii 

Fuel, " coniuevit dare dimidiam marca 
explained, cixt 

Fuleham, Robert de, "Brmatiua" at Wickl 

Fulenham, William de. parson at Wickham, i 

Fulk, the «][> ot Sivanc.tennntBt Kirkeby,45 
Fulling-mills, ciiiU 

Fulto, Hemming, " hydsrius'' at Thorp, 42 
Furem judicftluio ampendtt, illmtrationa of n- 

erelie of right, lixiv 
Furnicium, fiimiKta. eipliined, cixx 
G. the De»Q (ot London) 73 
Gilter, " firmsirius" at Chingford, 1 1 1 
GilunMlvcr, uplained, CKxiv 
Gin, " Aliiricui tenet unam gBram," explained, 

Garde, land at Beauchamp so called, 1 Ifi 
Gardiner, Rictinrd, tenant at Runwell, TO 
Garin, theaon of Adam, 124; the son of Abco, 

tenant at Caddinglon, fi, T ; the son of Garin, 

tenant at Sandan. 16 
Garle, laad at Beauchamp so called. 30 

Gariaveae, Bynotiymoua with *' iinnnagiiim," 

Gauduin, Glliberl, messunge of, at Naveatoclc, 

Gavel sed, Ixxii 


Gemina, the jelicl of Cnnterel, tenant at Beau- 
cham, 120 

Gen',"fll>i," 136 

Genlilman, Adam, tenant at Naveatoek, 60 

Geoffrey, 84 ; tenant at Kenswortb, 9 ; tenant 
at Wickham, 37; " tirmariua" there, 142; 
lUe " hidariui" at Kitkeby and Horlocit, 
late tenant at NaTeatock, 73 ; late tenant at 
Ruuwell, 73; "cognatui," 135; Williani; 
"hidatiu*" at Kirkeby and Horiock, 4S; 
the aon of Allward, " nativui" at Naveiloek. 
eS i the aon of Allwin, tenant al Tillinghatn, 
68; "operarius" at Sutton. 99; Geoffrey, 
the eon of Krmlgerd, Ermingard, juror of 
Sandon, 13; tenant there, 15; the son of 
Geoffrey, tenant at Norton, 74; the ton of 
Hamon, tenant at Ardleigh, 2C ; the son of 

htierbert, tenant at Kcniworth, 11, 12; the 


aon of John, tenant at Bamei, 106; the ion 
of Odo, tenant at Ardlelgh, S3 ; the aon of 
Orgar, tenant at Heybridge, 58 ; the aon of 
Peter, juror of Wickham, 33 ; tenant there, 
35, 36 : the son of Ralph, " hjdariui" at 
Kirkeby, 43; ihe aon of Robert, tenant at 
Caddington, 3 ; the ion of Sawgel, tenant at 
Barnea, 106; the eon of Simon, tenant at 
Kensworth, 10, 11; the son of William, te- 
nant al Wickham, 34 ; the son of Win, 
Wluied, 124, 125 

Gerard, the son of Martin, " hydariua" at 
Thorp, 41 : the son of Wibern, juror of 
Kirkeby and Horiock, 45 ; " hidariua " there, 
46 ; " ([uldam eitraneus," who married Ba- 

Gerelin, Robert, tenant at Ardlelgh, 25 

German, " clericns"' at Willeidon, 1 53 

Gerauma, explained, xdv 

Gervaie, the son of Hamelin, tenant at Thorp, 
39, 41 : (de Breinford?) claimant and tenant 
ofland at Sutton, 95, 99 

Gestingelorp, Hugh de, 124 

Gevfl, "cotarlua" at Ardlelgh, S7 ; late tenant 
there, 23 ; the mother of Hugh, tenant there, 
27; the relict of William Tike horn, tenant 
there, 36 

Gilberli, Procuria, ixn^iiii ; bread allowed for, 

Gilbert, Gil iberl, late tenant at Barnes, 103; 
"operarius" at Walton, 50; tenanlat Sutton, 
97, 98 ; '■ clericui nepoi decani," late tenant 
at Heybridge, 55 ; the daughter of, tenant at 
Sutton, 97; the aon of Allwin, tenant at 
Luffenhale, 20 ; the son of Aldltba, t 
Sutton, 97; the aon of Algot, ter 
Sulton, 96; the aun of Aluric, tei 

Nevestoek. 85 ; the ton of Dercniai 
of Drayton, 99; the son of Eilward,, 
Suttoii, 93 ; tenant there, 97 ; tenant at 
Drayton, 100; the son of Edwin, tenant at 
Naveitock, 78, 79, 80 ; the ion of Geoffrey, 

tenant it Bu-nm, lOG ; the Mn of Michotu, 
juror of Sutton, 93 ; teouit there, 94 1 Gili- 
bert, "avus tuu>," late tenant there, 94; 
Gilbert, the ton of Osbett, tenant at Luffen- 
h»le, 19 ; the son of Otho, tenant at Wkk- 
ham, 37 ; the ion of Roger, " operarius " at 
Sutton, 98: (he ion of Salvi, the daughter of, 
tenant at Sutton, 93 ; ihe aoti of Thomaa, 
tenant at Beauchamp, 28, 32 ; the son of 


It Nav< 

(, 7S 

Gladewin. Gladewine, tenant at Beauchamp, 
116, 117; late tenant there, 30 ; the ion of 
Wfwin, Wlwlniman, tenant there, 30, 31 

Gloucetter, William, archdeacon of, " flrma. 
riua" at Drayton, 112 

Glov'n', the fee of, Bl 

Godard, tenant at Ardleigh, 37 : Walter de, 
tenant at Sandon, 1 4 

Godfrey, 124 ; tenant at CaddLngton, G ; late 
tenant at Hejbridge. 53, S7 ; tenant at Sut- 
ton, 91 ; Robert, the ion of, tenant there, 
97 : the (on of Alan, juror of Ardleigh, SI ; 
tenant there. 23; Ihe ion of Mabilia, the 
daughter of Agnn, tenant at Sutton, 95; the 
ion of Norman, tenant al Norton, 74; the 
ion of Pigan,jurorof Tillingham, 5S ; tenant 
there, 61 

Godhug', Godhuge, 
late tenant at Bei 
there, 30 

Goditha,late " hydatiui" at Klrkeby,44: the 
heir of, tenant at Ruonell, Tl 

Godiva, late tenant at Heybridge, 63 

Godman, the ion of the daughter of, tenant at 
Sulton. 97; Hugh, tenant at Wickham, 35 

Godric, late tenant at Nairesloek, 77, TB ; ihe 
Bon of Edrie, " hydarlui" at Thorp, 41 

Godric'i pigtel, land at Navestock lo called, 7S 

Godaaule, Roger, juror of Tillingham, SB; 
" operariui " there, 63 

Godawein, Roger, the heir of. 4 

Godulf, juror of Ardleigh, 2 1 ; tenant there, 24 

Ood«ln,tcnantUBMUcb>inp,ll»: latctenant 

tberc, 39 ; the daughter of, tenant at Tboip, 
4U; "hydariui" there, 41; Alid*, " hWa- 

riui " at Kirkeby and Horlock. 45 ; Ricba/d. 
" nalivus " nt Navestock, 8S ; the ton of Wil- 
liam, tenant at Thorp, 3B ; "hjdanut" 

Goldhauek, late tenant at Sutton, 93 ; Adam, 

" nepoi" of, tenant at Sutton, 97 
Golding, late te^iant at Chingford. ST. 89 
Golitan, tenant at Beauchamp, IIS 
Goniiilda, the wife of Alwin, tenant si Beau- 

Gora. Reiner, Ihe boo of Baldwin de, tenant at 

Tillingham, 61 
Gold, Roger del, tenant at Sutton, 9i 
Goicetin, late tenant at Baitiet. 106 
Gral, Geoffrey, tenant al Drayton, lul, V 
Grapmel, John, tenant at Runwell, TO 
Grana, Covin de, juror of Caddingtoa, 1 1 
Grava. eiplained. lui; Gilibert de, tenant 
Heybridge, S3, 56; Hubert <Je, 
Thorp, 38 ; "' bydariui " there, 43 

Gregorii, " clericuiHncti," beer allowed to, 1' 
Gregory, 124; tenant at Keniworth, 

ion of Nicholaa, juror of Caddtngton, I ; 

tenant there, 2, 3, 6 
Greneitede, William de. juror of Beauchamp, 28 
Grom. Godfrey, " operariut " at Tillinghani, £ii 

the ion of Algtr, Godfrey, tenant then, £0 
GroiBus. Lambert, juror of Beauchamp. 114; 

Grudum, explained, ciiii 
Gundram, Ralph, 128 
Guinn, l3eoffrey, tenant at Chingford, 92 
Guldenheued, Richard, " hydatiiu"atTbofp, 
Qunnildi, late tenant at Tilliaghtm, 63 ; 
(daughter ofAlnilda) '■opertriua" U Wal- 
ton, !>l : Uie wife of Alwin, late tenant at 
Beauehtmp, 31 ; the widow, tenant at Hey. 
bridge, 57, 58 -, tenant at Walton. 49 ; the 
daughter of Geoffrey. " hidiriua ■' at Kirkeby 
and Horlock. 46; the daughtei 

I at 



tentnt il Culdington, 5 ; the relict ot Edgar. 
ten«nt « Sutton, 97 ; the relict of Edward 
BUnch, "opeririui" Rt Wilton, 50; the 
relict of Robert, the son of Selid, tEnnnt a< 
Sutton, 97 i the relict of Roger, tenant at 
Drayton, 102 ; tbe relictof Sagrita, tenant at 
Sutton. 96 ; the relict of Thomas Pottere. 
tenant at Thorp, 40 

Gunnora, late " hydariua" at Kirkehy, 43 

Guthild, " hidariui " at Kirkeby and Hor- 
lock. 46 

Guy, tenant at Caddlngton, 5 ; theaon of Alex- 
ander, tenant at Kensworth, 13 

H". "magister." 135 

Habere iiDan E>''t>a'"- ^' meaning of the 
phraie, luEii 

Hache, Simon de la, tenant at Chingford. 67 ; 
William de li, "pnepoaitui," the ion of Ail- 
ward, tenant there, B7 

Haddam. magiiter Philip de, " flrtnariua" at 
SuHon, 93; '■operariua" there. 98; " fir- 
marius" at Barnes, 103, 104, IOC; Hage- 
nild, the daughter of the molendinarins, te- 
oant at Naveitock, SO 

Haicia, eiplained. Uxvii 

Hale. land at Beauchamp ao called, 1 tfi 

Hole, Egelina, Eggclea de la, tenant at Hey- 
bridge, M, S7 

Haliday. late tenant at Luffenhale. 20 ; Alditha, 
the relict of William, tenant at Keniwortb, 9 

Balk, land at Beauchamp m celled, 30 

Halla, deicribed. xcv, xcvi 

Halited, Peter de, 1J4 

Hamelin, "hydarios" at Thorp, 43; Alicia, 

" hidaiiua " at Kirkeby and Horlock, 46 

Hamo, IZS ; the nephew and heir of, tenant at 
Ardleieh, 22; " cicricus," tenant o( the 
church of Aidleigh, 147 

Hamon. the daughter of, tenant at Heybridge, 
S4 ; the aon of Eudo, " hidarius " at Kirkeby 
and Horlock, 46 

H«mund, " nepoi" of Henry, tenant at Thorp, 38 
!tl(, Henry, tenant at NaTcslock, 77. 79 

Naipeheg, Hugh Wind le 

It Beauchamp, 

Hathe, Henry de, tenant at Sutton, 93 ; Lucai 
de U, " hydarius" at Kirkeby. 44 ; Thomas 
de la. " hydarius" at Kirkeby, 44 ; Juror of 
Kirkeby and Horlock, 45 
Hauehid, land at Beauchamp ao called, I \b 
Haulee, land at Navestock >o called, 78 
Havecho, " grava" de, at Heybridge, 62 
Havedaot, its meaning, liiiii 
Havcringe, t t i " curia de," 85 ; William de, 

tenant at '. .rton. 73 
Haweaia, the relict of Hugh, Hugh deAtreham, 

tenant at Heybridge, S4, SS 
Hebrege, P, de, Peter de, ,SB ; late " flrmarius" 

at Heybridge, ,S3 
Hedcburg. John, tenant at Kenaworth, II 
Heilok, Henry Heilok, the son ot William, te- 
nant at Wickham, 35 
Hell, Helle, Adam de la, " nativua" at Nave- 
atock, 83; Adam, genlilman de. Juror of 
Navealock, 74 ; Adam, the son of Edwin de, 
tenant at Navcitock, 84 
Heila, BasillB, the relict of William de, tenant 

at Norton, 74 
Helum, William, de, tenant at Kensworth, 12 
Hely. William de, ■' flrmarius," Iiii ; " flrma- 
iiui"of Caddington. 1, 4; the treasurer, 2, 
3, S ; the treasurer and " Qrmarius," e ; the 
treasurer, " flrmarius" at Kensworth, 7, 8 
Hemingi, Alicia, tenant at Thorp, 40 
Henge, Headric, Juror of Beauchamp, 114 
Henery, Henry, magiiter, 125, 12G: canon of 
SI. Paul's, 139 ; the Chancellor, {of London.) 
85. the ion of Ailwyn "sacerdns," 124; the 
aon of Augustine, tenant at Kenawotlb. 10, 
II; the aon of Peter, tenant at Caddington, 
fi ; the son of Ralph, tenant at Beauchamp, 
29 ; the son of Richard, tenant at Sandon, 
15, 16; tenant at Navestock. 77, 79; " na- 
tivus" there, 81 ; the aon of Theodoric, te- 
nant at Kenaworth, S 
Henticua Rei, 15 


Henry the First, 113— lUi 140 — 148! the 
ralinj of the manors in his reign, cii 

Henr^ the Second, King of England, 109 

Herbagium, ei plained, cxxi 

Herbert, Herebert, tenant at Beauchamp, 1 IS. 
117; the son of Aluric, tenant at Kens- 
worth, 8 

Herde, Geoffrey le, tenant at Wickham, 37 ; 
John, tenant at Wickham, 3S ; Ralph le, 
tenant at Wick ham, 35 

Herebert, i: Herbert 

Kereditate, sine omnimoda, explained, icil,xciii 

Hereford, the archdeacon of. 147 

lleremad. land at Nareitock so called. 7B 

Herein odes wrlhe, " curia" de, rents a water, 
course St Drayton, 101 

Herevey, r. Hervey 

Hereward, i'. Herward 

Hervey, Kerry, Herevey, late tenant at Beau- 
champ, 33; tenant there, 115; " junior," 
tenant at Drayton, 100; the son of Walter, 
tenant there, 102 ; the son of Qodemar, Co- 
derman, tenant at Thorp, 40, 42; the son 
of Wlurlc, tenant there, 40; Waller, bread 
allowed to, 1C8 

Herward, Hereward, late tenant at Wiekham, 
35; Alicia, " hydarius" at Kirkeby, 44 ; Gili- 
bert, land of, at Heybridge, S3 ; tenant and 
late tenant there, A3, S6, S7 ; Henry, tenant 
at Tillinghanj, GO, 61 ; " operarius" there, 
63; the beir* of Richard, the son of, "hi- 
darii" at Kirkeby and Horlock, 4S ; Savar, 
"hydarius'' nt Kirkeby, 43; Thomas. juror 
of Kensworlh, 7 ; Walter, juror of Runwell, 
C9 ; tenant there, 70 ; the son of Eiido, 
"bydsriui" at Kirkeby. 43; tenant there, 
45; the son of Gunnora, '' hydarius" there, 

Heselep, Pagan lie, tenant at Heybridge, S4 
Hetha, land at Barnes so called, 103 
Heybridge, Eiaii (Hebrugge, Heybrigge, Hey. 
brugg, Tidwolditon, Tidwoldinton, Tudwol- 
dinlon], Uxxr ; the manor of, S3, 1 1 1, 142, 

153, IGO,* lGS*:"compotui"cd', 194, |j 

156, 158, 159, 163: the chutch of, I 

Gilebert Manens, "firmarius" there, (^ 

v,oodof,Bt Chingford. 107 
Hida, Henic de. juror of Thorp, 3B 
Hlda computahilei sicut olim, Iixii 
Hidage, its nature, liiii : vaiuttions in, ie- 

scribed, xli, it ; compared vilb acretgc, 

xili, siv 
Hidarii, ixv ; de Toph, liir ; 41 J 

Hide, its extent not uniform, Ixii ; IxJii AH 
Hildemsr, the son of Theodoric, tentnt tt I^M 

leigb, 25 ^ 

Ho, Nicholas del de, tenant at Naveslock, Ui 

the heir of Gunnora the widow, tenant 

there, 76 ; Odo de la, tenant at Tillingham, 

fiO; Walter del, " operarius" there, G3 
Hobi, Herevy, juror of Drayton, 99 ; tenant 

there, 100, 102; Robert, juror there, 99 ; 

tcnnnt there, 100, 102; claims land there, 101 
Ilochendune, t>. Occhend 
Hodiema, tenant at Sandoii, 14 
Hog, Walter the sun of John, tenant at Si 

Hokesm'c, William de, I 

13; Walter de, tenant 
Hokesmere, Robert do, juror of KenswoHb, 7 
Holdegrlmm, John, juror of Kenaworth, 7; 

tenant there, 9, 10, 11; Robert, juror of 

Keniworth, 7 i tenant there, 10, 1 1, 13 
Hotemsd, Holemedc, land at Beauchamp » 

called, 39 ; land at Navestock so called, 78 ; 

land at Beauchamp so called, IIS 
Halin, Ihe pasture of, at Heybiidge,53 
llutln'e, Uagh de, tenant at Wickham,35 
Hopa de Marisco, lixii ; GO 
HoppB, Ixii, 17 
Hore, Ralph le, tenant at Tillinghaid. GO; 

" operarius" there, 62 ; Btephen le, juror of 

Navestocki 74; tenant there, 78; "natima'' 

there, 83, 84 
Hurlock, 4S : homines ex duobus Otlocis, ie«l 
Hoipliali, J,de, 26,S7; latetenantil 


t Kenswottht 

n, £ ; John de, " pro(!uriilor" it Cadding- 
ton ind Kenaworlh, NO, 111 ; LEiireiicc de, 
(caiDlolKenaworlh, 10, 11 
llubbc, Mk\h, Iciiint nt Wicllinm, 30 


l-ii, 125 

Huselin, Hugh, (entuit at Drayton. lOL ; 102 
Hugh, 70, 12-^; " hldarius" kt Kiikcby and 
Horlock, 45, 4C ; " o|H:nriiis" kt Wftlton, 
50; tenant Bt Keniworth, 9, IS; maEiiter, 
V M; " m»B'"'«ri" onon of St. Piiirs, 139; 
H^' the Archdeacon (of I^ndon) 135; the dcoii 
KfoT London) 139, " ncjKii Decani," 125; Ihe 
3> Bephewof Gilbert, tenant itKcnswoitli, 10; 
the ton of Albert, 124, 128; the son of 
Uatid, "operuiua" at Walton, 50; the son 
or Edwin, "hiduius" at Klrkcby and Hor- 
lock, 45 ; the ion of Ecncburga, " bydarius" 
al Kitkehy, 44; tenant there, J5 ; the son 
of Geva, tenant at Ardlcigh, 27 ; the aon uf 
John, jurorof Caddiiigton, 1; tenant tliere, 
4, S; tenant at Ardlcigh, :>7 ; the uin oF 
Richard, tenant at Drayton, 102 ; the son 
of Robert, tenant at Caddington, 2. 6,; 
" hydarius" at Thorp, 41 ; the ion of Wil- 
liam, tenant at Kensworth, II; jur<jr of 
Drayton, *p9 
Humfrey, the heiia of, tensiita at Kensworth, 9 
Hunfrey, William, juror of TiUingham, 58 
Huntingdon, the archdencon of, 147; Nicliulai, 

archdeacon of, 22 
Hurel, John, tenant at Navestock, 80 
Huiband, de i|uolitiet husebondo, c, 114 
Ida, relict of Wlward, tenant at Rutiwcll, 70 
Imbladitura. its meuning, Uixv 
Imle.Tbomaade, tenant at Ikaiicliamii, 118 
Implemcntuni, it* meaning, xciii 
Implementum, fcc. mancrii, iu stock, Ixv, 

Inland and Forland, described, lixii, luiv 
Inquialtio facta anno secundo.Rc. Ixniii; facia 

infra viginti diei duos, explained, Ixuvli 
Iiiquiiillon on the manors of St. Paul'* in 
, described, ci, cii: on the churchei of 

church to be kept sci>anite, cxii 
Inrotulatio, kc. lixxv 
Inventoriei, of slock, tiimitore, ftc-, remarks 

Ipprgravc, Adam de, tenant at Sandun, 15 
Iiabelta, the liiter of the Templar, tenant at 

Wickham, 36; the relict of Geoffrey, tenant 

at Kensworth, 9 i the relict of John, the aon 

of Ranulf, tenant nt Arilleigh, 24 
latj tenent terras opcrarlag, eonie of these lands 

traced, Ixxxvlii 
J. pater, 78 ; primua, 84 ; aecundus, 78, 84 
Jacobus, tenant at Sandon, IC 
James, the aon of Sewgel, tenant at Damei, 


worth, 1 1 
John, the King, his charter shown, 1 07 ; John, 
" flrmariui" at Barnes, 111; tenant at Ard- 
leigh, 23, 25; " tlrmarius " at Naveilock, 78 ; 
"sccundus firmarius" there, 75,78; tenant 
at Sandon, 15 ; tenant nt Thorp, 38 ; tenant 
of the church there, 14Uj "operariua"at 
Walton, SO; the daughter of, tenant at 
Barnes, lUG ; the son of Ailgar, tenant at 
Kentwotth, 9 ; the son of Ailmcr, tenant nt 
Wickham, 37; the son of Andrew, tenant at 
Kensworth, 11; the son of Baldwin, tenant 
at Sandun, 15; " eotariua " there, 19; the 
aon of David. " hydarius " at Kirkeby. 43 ; 
Ibe sou of Gilbert, tenant nt Caddington, 4 ; 
tenant at Kenaworth, 8 ; the son of Godfrey, 
tenant nt Chingford. 88; the son of Godwin, 
"bydaiiua" at KIrkchy, -14 ; the loa of Her- 
bert, tenant at Ardiclgh, ai ; the son of 
Hugh, tenent at Nnveatock, 77 ; "nativus" 
there, 83 ; the aon of Lawrence, tenant at 
Kensworth, II; the eon of Milo, tenant at 
Caddington, 4, 6; the son of Nigel, juror of 
Drayton, 99 ; tenant there, 103 ; the son of 
Osbert, tenant at LuOenbale, 30 ; the son of 

2 C 

194 INI 

PRgin, juror of Sutton, 93; unuit there, 
96; the son or Robert, teDintKtfitrnei, 106; 
the ion of Sifugel, len*nl there, iOb; the 
ion of Wibern, tenant iit Thorp, 3U; " hidii- 
rius" there. 41; the ion of Wiger, 75, 77 i 
tenint »t N»vc>tocli, 80 i the »on of Waller, 
lentnC at Ranwelt, 70, 7 1 ; the ion of William, 
tenant at Ardleigh, 24; trnsnt at Uarncs, 105; 
the )on ol Wllin, tenant at Bariici, lUb 
Jordan, " operariui " at Walton, 50; tenant at 
Heybridge, 56 i Alicia, " opotariua " at Wal- 
ton, 50; " nepoi " of William dc Occliend', 
136; the Bon of Ailward, tenant at Nave- 
stock, 78 
Jugel. Geoffrey, late tenant at Tillinghani, fiO 
Juliana, "hydatius" at Thorp, 42; " hida- 
riui" at Kirlieby and Korlock, 46; the 
daughter of, tenant at Ardleigh, 35 ; the wi- 
dow, tenant at Wickham, 37 ; the relict of 
Henry, the ion of Robert, tenant at Keni- 
worth, 8; the relict of SaTuI, tenant at 

Junguin, tenant at Heybridge, 57 

Jury, the power or impanelling, llii 

1, tfae relict of, "hydariui" at Thorp, 41 

Joatina, the niece of John the prietl, " hyda- 
riui " at Thorp. 41 

Juvenis, Stephen, tenai.t at Runwell, 71 

Kadendon, Kadyndon, 3lc. i'. Caddingtoii 

Karectatiui, e. Caret tariui 

Kebbcl, Alicia, the relict at Jordan, tenant at 
Walton, 49 

Kehel, Oibert, tenant at Sandon, IT 

Keleihell, John de, tenant at Sandon, IS 

Kemelin, ita meaning, ciaiii 

Kempe, Willlain, the ion of Ediva. tenant at 
Navestock, 84 

Kendale, Hugh de, a canon of Saint Paul'i, 
bread used at installation or, 173 

Ih, Herts, (Kencawnrth, Keneswurda,) 
7. 111. 129; its rent, &c. acT; the church of, 
147, 148, IG3; the ''hall" and othet pans 
of the minor dcKribed, 129i the manor of, 

140; with Ctddlngton, "compotui" of, I 

ecclesia de, lix, 10, 147 
Kenawarth, Keneaworth, Henry de, juro 

Caddington, 1 ; tenant IhcrCi 3 ; jural 

Kenaworth, 7; tenant at Keniworth, 

10, 13 
Ket, Peter, juror of Runwell, 69 
Kete, Alured. tenant at Runwell, 71) 

tenant at Runwell, 73 
Kilhum, Middteiea, (Keleburne,) the tnonlni 

King. Kyng, Hugh, tenant at Thorp, 40 i H 

bert, tenant at Ardleigh, 26 ; Williani, teM 

atNaveitock, 85; " natirus" there,Bi ; W 
•on of Roger de Tia, tenant 

Kirkeby, Eatex, (Kirkcbi.) 43, 45 ; the c 

r. Ill 


r, 164 

Koler, Cbe daughter of William 
Thorp, 42 

Koterel, Robert the aon of Richard, leouitfel' 
Ardleigb, 24 

Kueneva. the daughter of Gilbert, tenant at 
Ardleigh, 24 

Lage erthe, aralura de, 3 ; it* nature, litj 

Lagchundred, ei plained, lixiiii 

l^mb. de Lamb, Matilda the relict of Philip. 
tenant at Beauchamp, 30, 31 

Umberl, 124; late tenant at Beauchcmp, » : 
tenant there, 1 19 : the son of Alinania, Me 
tenant at Beauchamp, 3Z j theloaof AilmiT, 
■■operariui'"ai Beauchamp, 117; the aon *( 
Sirich, tenant at Beauchamp, 1 15 

Umburn, John de, tenant at Sutton, 96, 97 

Lampetlee. land at Chingford ao called, 88 


Unce, William, late tenant at Beauchar 

l,ancept, explained, iciv 

Landem', William de, 126 

Landim', site of a mill at, in Thorp. 38 

Landuncr', Ralph de, the ton o/ Sicbatd, •• hy 

dariua" at Thorp, 41 
Une.Johndela.juror of Barnea, 103; Oaben 

Robert de I*, tenant «t Keniworth, 12 
I^DChele, wood or, tt Dcauchtinp, 1 1 R 
Lan gable, deacribed, liix 
Langele, a gro»e at Bcnuchamp so called, 26 
LangEthot. Caller, Walter dc, tenant at Beau- 
champ, IIS, IIT 
Langetoth, Robert de, icntnt at Ueauchamp, 

LaCye, Simon de, tenant at Wickham, 37 
Laurence, the aon of Robert, tenant at Cad' 

Kensworth, 10, I2i John de Saint, 10, 20 ; 

" firmarius" of the manor of Sandon, 13, 14 ; 

Leuea of manori belonging to St, raul'i. re- 

J*e, Augustine de Puitehal'. the «on of God- 
J de la. tenant at Chingford, N8; Augus- 
t, "nepoa'' of, tenant there, 91; Robert 
!• U, " operariua" at Sandon, IT i William 
^delB.JDrorofSandon, 13; tenant there, 16, 17 
Lefchild, the ion of Sprot, tenant at Hey- 

bridge, 57 
Lcffllda, tenant at Sutton, 97 
Lcffrich. Robert, tenant at Beauchamp, ISI 
Lefafard, the aon of, "hydariia" at Thorp, 41 ; 

Godmsn, '■nepos"*of, tenant at Sutton, 96,07 
Lefwin. tenant at Beauchamp, 115 
Leg, Richard, tenant at Kcniworth, 8 ; Roger, 

the son of Ailmer, " opernrius" at Snndon, I H 
Lcgarda, the daughter of Sabarnut, tenant at 

NavcBtock, 7S 
Lendimare, Ralph le, tenant at Thorp, 40 
Leufric, "lextor," Robert, the ion of, tenant 

at Beauehatnp, 30 
Le«eric, Maurice, 121 
Libcntio, eiplained, xlvli, xcii 
Lichfield, (Lichfald') W. de. canon of London, 14 
Lidulf, the ton of Brichtwenna, " operarlui" at 

Walton, 51 
Liecia, the daughter of Gilihert, tenant at 

SuttoD, 95 ; the relict of William, junior. 
It at Sutton, 93 

EX. iga 

Llefric, tenant at Beauchamp, 31 

LievevB, the daughter of Godwin, " operariua" 

at Sutton, OS 
Linlee, Robert de, tenant at Caddington, G 
Livingi, Robert, tenant at Beauchamp, 20 
l.odlond, lixvii 1 land at Walton so called, 49 
Loeringus, I'eter, tenant at Caddington, 4 
London. (London, Lond') IT, ie,39, G4, GT, T'i, 
,103; R.Biihopof, I^Ti NichoI»,Arch- 

n of. ]; 

25; ' 

r at A 

leigh, S 

Archdeacon of, 14; the Archdeacon of, resi- 
dent at St. Paul's in the year 1283, 167 ; A. 
Alard, the Dean of, 16, 32; Robert, the 
Dean of, IG ; Henr}, the Chancellor of, 14 ; 
the Chapter of St. Paul's, SS, 112; Alex- 
ander, the Treasurer of, 14 ; G. the Dean, 
and the Chapter of, demise land U Sandon, 
14 ; William the Dean, and the Convent of 
St. Paul'B, 124; "eisartum Sancti Pauli" at 
NavMtock, T9 ; Magisler Hugh de, 23, 140 ; 
Jordan de. tenant at Caddington, 5 ; Robert, 
the "lervicns" of Nicholas the Archdeacon 
of, 27 ; patrimony of St. Paul in the church 
of, 14C 
Long, Richard, son of Walter, tenant at Cad- 
dington, 3 
Longus, Ralph, tenant at Keniwortb, 9 ; Ro- 
bert, the son of Simon, tenant at Barling, RT ; 
Roger, tenant at Caddington, C; William, 
tenant at Caddington, 4, G 
Lotrix. Koeaia, tenant at Tillingham, GO 
Lovcl, Fulk, tenant at Chingford, lOT 
LucB, magiiter John de, "flrmarius" at Ching> 
ford, lOT 

Lucas, tenant at Luffenhale, SO ; the son 
John, tenant at Sandon, 15, 16; the son 
the parson, tenant at Ardleigh, 2G 

Luci, G. de, Dean of London, 14 

Lucia, the widow, tenant at Beauchamp, l;ii 

Lucy, the daughter of Kdwinu, " hyJarius" 
Kiikeby, 43 ; the daughter of Geoffrey, 
nant at Caddington, 2 



Lollienhale, Hots, (Lnffefaalle, Lnffenhaie, Lo- 
irdiale.) 13,14,141; the manor of, 19; John 
de, juror of Sandon, 13 

Loffenbcda, the manor of, 152 

Luke, "magister" J. de, resident at St. Piuil't 
in the year 1283, 167 

Lnndonia, Generamnns de, 128 

Mabilia, the relict of Ricbaid Rnffus tenant at 
Beancfaamp, 29 ; the relict of Walter Faber, 
tenant at Thorp, 38 ; *' faydaiiiu* there, 42 

Macfatilda, tenant at Walton, 49 ; the dangfater 
of Ainilda, " operarios" at Walton, 51 

Ma& Henry, 124 

Mai, Richard, tenant at Na^estoc^, 84 

Ifaircnam, its meaning, Izxri 

Ifaldon', Maldona, Hagfa de, jaror of Bean- 
champ, 114; tenant there, 116 

Malemeyns, John, 162 

MaDardos, Uxit 

Matt-sihrer, payment of, in lien of making malt, 

Mammola, its meaning, ad 

Man, VHwin, tenant at Beauchamp, U7 

Manens, Gilebert, "firmarios" at TItwolditon, 

Mangant, William, tenant at Drayton, 100 

Manors, their rights, &c. 

xzziT — ^zxzriii; *'firmc" thereof, 
zzzriii — zli, zIti, zlrii; accnmnlation of hold- 
ings in. It; payments for senrices in, and 
progress of commutations for them. In — lix ; 
of St. Ftors, account of visitation of, drca 
1290, czzi 

Mansium est in dominio, &c meaning of the 
phrase, Izzi 

Mantd, ManteU, Robert, 141 ; sheriff of Esaez 
and Herts, lixxri, 1 10 

Mara, Ixxi, 14 

Mareni, Msregni, Marigni, John de, Ixxxrii, 78 ; 
«* firmarius " at Narestock, 1 1 1 

Mard, Ralph de, 133 ; his services, ftc as tenant 
not rendered, xdz, c ; the heir and daughter 
of, tenant at Navestock, 75 

Margvet the widofv, " opeiarios " at Sandoa, 
18; tiie refict of Wimam Faber, tenant it 
Ardlogliy 22 

Margareta, William de Sanda. czzni; brmd 
allowed for duqilain performing sertiee for 
hissool, 168 

Maria, John de Sancta, resident aft Saint PaoTi 
in the year 1283, 167; WiUiam de Sands, 
dean of Saint Paul's, 170* 

Marini, ** magister " Hugh de, 144 

Mariot, Geoffrey, juror of Ardkigfa, 21 ; tcnaat 
there, 23, 26 

Mariota, tenant at Ardleigb, 23 

Marisco, Edmund de, juror of Heyfafidge, 52; 
Lefchikl de, juror of Heybridge, 52 ; tenant 
there, 54; Thomas de^ " hidarios" at Kirkeby 
and Horlock, 45 

Marketcdl, Herts, the nuns of, ** Moniales de 
Bosco," Izri. 3 

Marriage of serfs' daughters, ** Quantum didiit 
pro sua filia maritanda," explained, cxxr 

Martin, tenant at Wickham, 37 ; the aoo of 
Baklewin, tenant at Sandon, 1 6 ; the aoo of 
William, juror of Caddington, 1 ; tenant there, 
2, 6 : Teoldus, canon of Saint, 124 

Martino, John de domino, ** ftnnarius " at Nor- 
ton, 73, 74 

Mary the widow, tenant at Chingford, 92 ; the 
relict of Walter, ** firmarius" at Chingford, 


Mason (Macun), Godfrey, tenant at Cadding- 
ton, 3 

Matilda, MaUldis, Ute tenant aft Sandon, 16 ; 
late tenant at TiOingham, 63 ; the daughter 
of AiIliTa,tenantatLullenhale,20: ofAsketil, 
" operarius " at Sandon, 17 ; of Gerard, tenant 
at Wickham, 36 ; of Phifip, tenant aft Kens- 
worth, 11 ; of Ragenilda, tenant at Barnes, 
1 04 ; the relict of Alexander, tenant at Barnes, 
106 : of Philip, tenant at Kensworth, 10; of 
Philip Lunb, de Lamb, tenant at Beauchampi 
30, 31 : of Richard, tenant at Drayton, 101, 
102 ; of Warin, tenant at Sandon, 16 

the ii 

h, 8 

E, ten«nt at Hejbridge, 59 ; juror of 

iworth, 1 ; teniiiit ihEie, 13; tensnt nt 

[h»tn, 37 ; llie son of D«ldewin, tenant nt 

^nhxle, 20 ; tlieBonofRegmaldgtcnintBt 

, Willinn, lenint at ChijiBford, 107 

in, John dc, tenuit at Drauchamgi, 30 

n, r. Weight! and Measurcii 

rd, Melraril, William it, note on, CKXvi ; 

nviui"atTLllingham, tfio* 

Nigel, 124 

or, tenant at Wickham. 37 i John, " akei- 

HUB " at Walton, 52 ; Thomai, late tenant 

llingham, C3 ; Adam, tlie sun of Robert, 

nl at Drayton, 100; Robert, the ion of 

:r, the aon of, tenant at Ardleigh, 26 

mm, ita meaning, c 

1, the ion of Adam, tenant at Ardleigh, 

!7 ; the ion of GeolTrey, tenant at Kens- 


sex, the archdeacon oF, resident at Saint 

'a in the year I2B3, 16J 

ton, John de, note on. cixvi ; late " Hr- 

ui " at Tillingham, IGO* 

St. Paul's, " Et de iiiiij quart, de mul- 

molendini," explained, ciix 

:bc jon of John, " hidnrlus" at Kirlieby 

Horiock, 4ri 

:, Itlii 

,venx, it] meaning, Ixiiii 

» libenitionei, explained, cxixiii 

iRi et equatum, lenovatio, cxxxiii 

linariu), Roger, tenant at Drayton, 102 ; 

ter, tenant at Drayton. 100; Adam, the 

sr the, tenant at Chingford, I07i Godfrey 

ion of Richard, tenant at Naveitoek, 85 : 

lard, the >on of William, tenant at Ikau- 

op, 32 

^, described, lnniv, Ixxv 

IX. 197 

Manaiterio, Gilibert de, juror of Chingford, 65 
Mom, Gilibert dp, '* nalivu) " at NaTestock, 83 ; 
Ranulfde. tenant at Drayton, 100,101, lOS i 
Walter de, tenant at Ardleigh, 22 ; juror of 
lleybridgc, ri2; tenant there, S4 : tenant at 
Sandon, IS; William de, tenant there, 16 
More, Matilda, the daughter of Hugh de la, 
tenant at Ardleigh, S.'i; Walter de Is, de, 
tenant at Ardleigh, 25, 2C 
Morel, Richard, tenant at Deauchamp, 31 
Mot, William, tenant nt Bcauchamp, 121 
Mouner, Richard le, tenant at Chingford, 107 
Mullo fcni, Ixxviii, sn 
Muriel, Dionitia, the daughter of, tenant at 

LulTenhale, 111 
Navestock, Eases (Naatok, Nutoca,Naaeatoca), 
111, 132, 133, li;:.'; "detensum de," 78 ; 
the manor of, 74, 144; "compotui" of, 154, 
155, ISfi, 167, ir,3, 1,19,- Ifi2; the church of, 
150 1 " Gmnaiii " de, SI ; John de Bamca 
" firniarius " there, 74 ; John de Maregni 
"firmarius" there. 111 j Richard de, tenant 

Naatoc Aldwini, the manor of, 152 

Nalivitas Beata; Marie, Ixxii 
.^lavem et atagnum ad, explained, Ixxiii, Ixxvili 
Nechebur, Ralph, " operariua" at Sandon, 18 
Nelherstrete, William de, late tenant at Wick- 

ham, 35 
Nicholas, 194; the archdeacon, 23, 139: the 
canon, ^2 ; " magistcr," canon of St. Paul's, 
133; " canonicui diaconus," 125; "domi- 
nium maiiiitri " at Willeadon, 1S2 ; the ion of 
Nicholas, I'JC; the ion of Patrik, tenant at 
Ciddington. 4 ; tlic son of Richard, tenant 
at Sandon, 14 
Nig*, Rieliard, juror of Deauchamp, 114 
Niger, William, tenant at Ardleigh, if. 
Norchale, William de, " firmarius " at Diayton, 


lis, John, 



NqtImU', WUlkm de, csnon of St. PkaTb, 139 
Norlitiiitoiia, mai^ster Henry de, tMttti Ralph 

de Dketo in hit Domesday, 109 
Noflei, tenant at Beaodiamp, 114 
Northale, land at Bcandiamp ao called, S8 
Noftle, Rtefaard de, tenant at Caddington, 3 
Norton, Eases, HI, 150, 165*; the manor of, 
73, 143, 15S : *' compotos** of, 154, 157, 164 ; 
reodpti firom defimttcr at, 166 ; John de do- 
mino Ifartino, " firmarina '* there, 73; Odo 
de Pammartin, " Urmarios " there, HI 
NoriUa, Hugh de, tenant at Heybridge. 53 
NoTus homo, Adam, juror of RonveQ, 69; 
tenant there, 71 ; Aihvard, late tenant 
at Chingford, 88; Hugh, tenant at Kens- 
worth, 10, H, 12; Richard, «'operaria8'''at 
Sandon, 17; late tenant at Ardleigh« i2; 
late tenant at Chingford, 89 ; Robert, juror 
of Sandon, 13; William, ^ operarins " therc^ 
17; tenant at Loffenhale, SO; tenant at 
ncyonagc, 9«, o i 
Noers, Roger the aoo of Ralph de, " cotarios " 

at Sandon, 19 
Nommatum terrc, meaning of tiie phrase, lis 
Occhend, Occhendooa, Hochendmie, William 
de. takes Adolfiesoasa to fiurm, 1S5, 126; te- 
nant thereof, 129; his death noticed, 129; 
William his son, 126, dv, 142 ; Jordan, "ne- 
poa"of 126 
Odo, 124, 125 ; late tenant at Ardleigh« 27 ; 
••annarins" at Lnfltehale, 141 ; assisor of 
land there, 20; the son of William, tenant at 
Ardlcigh, 22; the aon of Wlward, "opera- 
rios" atHllingham, 63; the sonof Whvard 
the son of GodiTa, tenant there, 59 
Oger, the son of Stephen, ^'hydariua" at 
Rirkeby. 44 ; the son of Wibcr. •^hydarius" 
there, 43 ; juror of Kirkehy and Horlock, 45 
OlaTe. late tenant at Walton. 49 
Ongar (Angr*), the hundred of, 73. 74 ; the 
town, 75 ; (Great Oogar) the church of, 150 
Openton, Walter, 68 
Opinton, Walter de, tenant at Baring, 67 

Opera, or " day-worka,'* d e acr i b ed , xcviii 

Operationem, Foterit dominoa ponere ad, a- 
plained, dii 

Ordgar, late tenant at Heybiidge, S3 ; tiie wa 
of GOibcrt, tenant at CUngfbrd, 87 

Ordmar, tenant at Norton, 73 

Ornaments of co nnti y chmxh e a , the luitatioB 
of 1181 deficient, oda 

Orologiarioa, Bartholoaiew, czzzfr ; bread lad 
beer allowed to, 173, 174 

Orreom, described, zd ; ** plenum de mtii- 
eomo," ftc. zd 

Osbert, 25; ** operariua ** at Sandon, 17; juror 
of Norton, 73 ; tenant there^ 73 ; the sob of 
AHleda, tenant at Sandon, 15; the son of 
Ahriet, juror of Sandon, 13; the * nepos '* of 
Godwin, tenant at Nairestock, 84 ; the son of 
Murid, tenant at Luffenhale, 20 ; the son of 
Richard, " nathrua " at Navcstodc, 83 ; the 
aon of Waldwin, " nativua " at Ncreatock, 82 ; 
the aon of Walter, tenant at AnUdigh, 25 

Oagod, Osegod, the '* nepoa ** of Lefwin, tenaat 
at Drayton, 99, 100; Walter, hte tenant at 
Drayton, 100 

Osward, tenant at Ronwdl, 71 ; *' opeiarios'* 
at Runwdl, 72 

Ote, Theodore, the aon of Robert, tenant at 
TOlinghaaB, 61 ; Theodoric, ** operarius " at 
TilKnghant, 63 

Otud, ** operarios" at Walton, 51 

Otodis, juror of Walton, 48 

Pache, Ralph, "operarius " at TQBngham, 63 

I^gan. tenant at Heybridge, 56 

I^nnagium, described, Iziz 

BJmcrius, Adam, tenant at Sandon, 15 

Palmcrius (I^lmarius, Pabner, Fumer), GUi- 
bert, juror of Navestock, 74; "natrrus** 
there. 83, 84 ; tenant tbere^ 77, 79 ; tiie sod 
of Theodoric tenant at Navcstock, 78 ; Ha- 
melin, juror of Thorp, 98; Robert, tenant at 
Drayton, 102 ; Robert, the aon of Heraent, 
tenant there, 100 

Buiis nigra, *'* p4»"*** ^ <"r»»ai 

Pirlepot, Geoffrey, the son of William, " cota 
riui" kt Sindon, 19 

PirmFntariu!, Adam, lenint at TilliiighDni, 60 ; 
Geoffrey, tlic son of Rolpli, tcnint at Wick- 
ham. 36; John, tenant at Kensworlh. IS: 
tenant at Heybridge, S8 ; Ralph, Geoffrey 
the son of, tenant at Wickham, 36 ; William 
son or WilUani, tenant at Barling. OS 

Parsonagea of manors included" in the lease, 

Farm pertica, its meaning, liiiii 

Pamii. Gilibert, late tenant at Chingford, 8S, 
31 : Ralph, late tenant at Navestock. BO 

Pasiavant, John, juror of TiUingham, 5H ; 
"operarius" there, 63; Richard, tenant there, 
60 i Serlo, "operarius" there, 63; William, 
Juror of TiUingham, S8 ; " operariui " there, 

Patau) equorum, explained, ciixii 

Paatura fotinaeca, eiplained. cXKiii 

Pasturel, Ralph, juror of Drayton, 99 ; tenant 
there, 101, 102; Edmund, tenant there, 101 

Patrik, Nicholas, tenant at Caddingtoa, 6 

Pviej. Walter, 67 

Peliparius, Pelliparius, Alan, tenant at Beau- 
champ, I IS : John, tenant at Beauchamp, 
29, 119 

Pentecoites, juror of Bamca, 103; the son of 
Gilibert, tenant at BHmes, IOC 

Pentelawe, Adelida de, tenant at Beauchamp, 
119l Richard, " aacerdoa" de, 124 

of Walton, 48; tenant 

there, 49 1 " operariu 

a" there, iO 

Perer, Richard del, lena 


m. fiO, ei; 

WillUm del, late " h 

darius- .1 K 

keby and 

Horlock, 45 

Persona, Robert, lam 

held by hi 

■Q traced. 

l»ix»ii, Ixxtviii 1 ten 

ant at Beauchamp, 1 14, 


F«et, "tirmariua" at Heybridsc, 54 

the trea- 

HBW (of Undon,) 

■ firmarius" 

fll Ching- 


ford, as, 87, 90, 91, 92 ; the son of Here- 
ward, tenant at Wickham, 34; the son of 
Richard, tenant at Kenaworth, 9 ; the son of 
Simon, tenant at Runwell, 71; John, "na- 
tivua" at Navestock, 81 

Peter Pence, " Quia colligat denarium Sancti 
Petri," civi— Civiii. caaxvii 

Pevrel, Gervase, and Jordan his brother, pledges 
as to farm of Kensworth, t28, 1 59 

Philip, tenant at Beauchamp, 30 ; the son of 
John. 104 

Picot, Agnei, Uiiv ; tenant at Chingford, 107 i 
Ailwyn, juror of Chingford, 8i; tenant 
there, 88, 89. 90 ; Robert, tenant at Run- 
well, 70 ; Wiliiom, tenant at Chingford, 93 j 
the son of Frebern, " hidarius" at Kirkehy 
and Horlock, 47 

Pictor, Henry, tenant at Beauchamp, 30, 118 

Pikewtii, William de, 174 

Piheter, John le, tenant at Chingford, 1D7 

Pinik, Ralph, tenant at Navestoek, 79, B4 

Pinke. Beatrice, the relict of Sagrim, tenant at 
Sutton, 95 

Pipere ad wastell, explained, ciiiii 

Piscator, Alicia, the relict of Henry, " opera- 
rius" at Sutton, 9B ; Henry, tenant at Hey- 
brtdge. M; Jameg. juror of Barnes, 103 i 
tenant there, lOG; Nicholas, juror there, 103 i 
tenant there, IU6; Ranulf, tenant at Dray- 
ton, 103 

Pistor, Edward, tenant at Heybridge, 64, G7 

Pitanciie, explained, cixxii 

Pitewineshale, land at Beauchamp so called, 116; 
Richard de, tenant at Beauchamp, 30 ; Wil- 
liam de, tenant at Beauchamp, 130 

Fiver, Robert, tenant at Beauchamp, 32 

Flesteto, Adam de. tenant at TiUingham, CO ; 
" aerviens" of the Chapter [of London) there, 

Plumbarius, Geoffrey, late tenant a 
Plumbi. quarta pars, explained. Ix 
Poor, William, tenant at Draytoi 



Poi, Osbert, " nepos*' of Gilibert, tenant at 
Navestocki 85 

Pond', Sweino de la, the son of Godwin, '< na- 
tivus*' at Navestock, 81 

Ponde, William de la, juror of Barling, 64 

Ponte, Richard de, tenant at Ardleigh, 25, 27 

Porcarius, Gilibert, the son of Edwin, tenant at 
Navestock, 85 

Porcos in pessona, lixxi 

Portandas uP danningam, explained, Ixxiz 

Portare xxv summas, Ixxi, 17 

Post pacem redditam, Ixxi, 14 

Posuit ad denarium, its meaning, Ixxvii 

Poterit dominus ponere ad operationem, ex- 
plained, ciii 

Pottarius, Pottere, Alexander, late tenant at 
Navestock, 78 ; Bernard, tenant there, 80 ; 
John, juror of Chingford, 85 ; tenant there, 
88, 89, 90 

Potter, the relict of, with Robert Faber, te- 
nants at Chingford, 91 

Prsbenda, explained, Ixiv, cxxxiv 

Prsbenda equorum, explained, cxxxi 

Prsedial services, their decay, Iv ; their cessa- 
tion, lix 

Praeposito hundredi, v. sol. ciii, 141 

Propositus, Geoffrey, late tenant at Luffenhale, 
20 s Henry, tenant at Kensworth, 9 ; John, 
juror of Sandon, 13 ; Lawrence, juror of 
Kensworth, 7 ; Osbert, juror of Caddington, 
113; Ralph, tenant at Caddington, 115; 
Randulph, late tenant at Beaucnamp, 29 ; 
Reginald, late tenant at Caddingtoni 5 ; juror 
there, 113; Robert, juror of Barnes, 103; 
Walter, "cotarius"at Sandon, 19; tenant 
there, 14 

Propositus, nature of office, Sec. Ixvii; hun- 
dredi, Ixxxi, 73 

Prat, Edwin, late tenant at Walton, 50 

Prebends, xciv, xcv 

Precariae, days so called, their nature, &c Ixvii, 
Ixviii ; '* quo dicitur ben," Ixziii ; ** siccae" 
explained, cxxiv 

Presbiter, Augustine, Justina the daughter of, 
tenant at Thorp, 40 ; Edith, the relict of 
Ralph, tenant at Navestock, 78 ; Qias, 124; 
Gilbert, GUibert, tenant at Ardldgfa, 26; 
late tenant at Navestock, 79 ; Hachzo, 124 ; 
Henry, the son of the, tenant at Navestock, 
78, 84 ; John, late tenant at Thorp, 40; John, 
the son of Augustine, ** hydarius" at Kiikebj, 
44; Richard, 124; Robert, Ute " hydarius ** 
at Kirkeby and Horlock, 46; Thomas, tenant 
at Walton, 49 ; tenant at Runwell, 70 

Prewineshal', Richard de, juror of Beaucfaarap, 
28 ; tenant there, 28 

Priests' children, not disowned, xc 

Propositus, Reginald, late tenant at Cadding- 
ton, 7 

Proprio custamento suo et periculo, ezplamed, 

Pulayn, Baldwin, juror of Caddington, I ; tenant 
there, 2, 3 

Pulein, Robert, 2 

Purprestura, described, Ixz 

Purlec, W. de, canon of London, 14 

Purte, Godrich, tenant at Tillingham, 60 

Purtehal, Augustine de, the son of Godfrey de 
la Lee, tenant at Chingford, 88 ; Godfrey de, 
late tenant there, 89 

Putleahangr*, William de, tenant at Sutton, 93 

Putlewrth, land at Barnes so called, 103 

Quarta pars plumbi, explained, Ixzziii 

Quieta de canibus expeditandis, explained, 

Quietse sunt prster, &c. explained, dr 

Quintilian, the Archdeacon, 128 

Quorum tamen numerom recepit, expUined, 

Qwik, John, *' naUvus*' at Navestock, 81 

R. Bishop of London, 127 

R. the Dean (of London,) '* fimuuriat*' at TU* 
lingham, 60 

R. servant of the Treuurer at Kensworth, IS 

Ralph, the Dean (of London,} 98, 126; tenant 
at Beaochamp, 1 16 ; laxe tenant at Ardleigh, 

34 ; lite tentnt >t Wicltham, 35 ; pinon at ' 
Runwell, ISOj " tDagigter Utomus," 135; I 
"m»BUler;' 139; the relict of, tenant »t I 
Beauchsmp, 29 ; the »oii of Ailimrui, tenant ,' 
there, 32; the son of Aitivard, tenant at ' 
N«veiteM-k, 76, 90; the wifeanddaughler of, i 
78; the »on of Aimund, " hydarius " at j 
Thorp, 41; the son of Alexander, tenant at i 
Caddington, -t, 5 ; tenant nt Keniworth, 8 ; 
.^ the aon of Algod, 124; fonner holder of 
^KJBcmuchainp, 129 ; the «on of Alured, tenant 
K ■tClddJngton,5;lhesDn of Beatrli, Beatrice, | 
" tenant at Runwcll, 71, 72. 73; the son of; 
Edelinft, juror of Caddington, 1 ; tenant [ 
there, 2, 5 ; the eun of Fulk, tenant at Thorp, ' 
39; "h/darius" there, 41; Ihc son of' 
Lefleda, •■ hjdariua " nt Kirkcby and Hotlock, 
4C ; (the son otj Matthew, late tenant at 
Chingford, 89 ; the son of Peter, tenant al 
Wicltfaam, 3G ; the ion of the Presbitcr, 
leoanl at Drayton, IDI, 102; the son of 
Richard, " hydatiua " at Thorp, 42 ; the ion 
Richard, the ion of Seric, tenant at Cadding- 
ton, 4 ; the aon ot Sabarnui, tenant at Nave- 
Btoclt, I9; the son of Stephen, Juror of Thoqi, 
38j tenant at Thorp, 34, 40, 41. 42;the aon 
of Wihaid, " opetariui " at Runwell, 72 ; the 
■on of William, holda land at Ardleigh, 21 

Ram, Adam, the son of Ailward, tenant al 
ChLOBford, 91, 52 

Randolph, Randulf, Ranulf, 124, I2S ; "magis. 
ter," 54; "prajposilus." his holding traced, 
Ixixriii; "nperarius" at Walton, SO; le- 
ntnt there, 49 ; ■' operarius " at Beauchamp, 
117: atenantat Caddington, lately hung, 3; 
the aon of Aldred, "operarius" at Walton, 
Si ; the son of Ailwin, " sacerdos," 124; the 
Ion of Ranulf, tenant at Drayton, lOO 

Rat. Serlo le, tenant at Chingford, 89 

Raven, William, late tenant nt Tillinglmm, f.3 

Seddet indicannivcraariiciui.ili meaning, xcii 

Reddunt iitK duEC hidce, kc Ixvix 

Rcgardum, iU meaning, Ixxiii 

Reginald, CS ; tenant at Sandon, ll>i " miles ," 
tenant there, 14; " pnepositus," 

mof A 

irot S 

, 13 ; tl 

son of Ordgar, tenant at Caddington 4; the 
son of Pagan, " operariua " at Tillingham, 
63; tenant there, 61 ; the son ot William, 
tenant nt Wichham, 37 
Rcgni, the daughter of, tenant at Sandon, 1 6 
Rcinger, the Archdeacon (of Ixindon), 126 
Reiner. Reigner, late tenant of Twiford, 127, 
128; the aon of Baldwin, juror of Tillingham, 
58; IheaonofTovi, juror of Chingrord,8Gi 

Kenswurlh, 1 1 



tenant there, 87 

Rcisunt, Ralph, tenant a 

Renald, 121 

Bents, aubatilulccl for " 

Kcspectus. its meaning, I 

Retendon, Thorn ai de, K 

Rex, Edward, juror of 1 
rarius" there, 63 

Richard, the Archdeacon (of London) 65, 70, 
71, 150; takes Runwell to farm, 1^5; lakes 
Barling to farm, 126 ; agrees to lake Adulfa- 
nasa and Beauchamp to farm, 139, 130; 
holds churches of Adulfsnaia, 132; " Grma- 
riut" at Tiillngbam, 61 ; " Brmarius" at 
Sandon, 14, 148 ; " firmariua" at Thorp, 40, 
149 ; •■ hyilariiis" at Kirkeby, Kirkeby and 
Horlock. 44, 45 ;■ " hydaiius" at Thorp, 41, 
42; the heir of, '■ hydarius" there, 42 ; late 
tenant al Norton, 73; the canon, tenant at 
Beauchamp, 31 ; " magiater" holds the lithca 
at Runwell, ISO; " magister," canon of Si. 
Paul's. 139; "junior." 66; the brother of 
Walter, IV8 ; the daughter of, tenant at Sut- 
ton, 96; "nepas" of Wrtheva, (he widow, 
tenant at Barling, 65, " operarius" there, 
68 ; the son of Adam, juror of Naveatock, 
74; tenant there, 76, 77. 79, 80; the son 
of Ailmar, "hydarius" at Thorp, 42 ; tenant 

e, 40; tl 

n of Ailric, Ailrlch, t 

!, 6 ; the 

of Alucua, Ihc 
Thorp, 41 ; the «on 



of Alured, " operarius" at Sandon, 17 ; the 
•on of AlTitha, the heirs of, ** hidarii" in 
rerenion at Kirkeby and Horlock, 45 ; the 
son of Edward, tenant at Drayton, 102; 
the son of Edwin, tenant at Narestock, 76 ; 
the son of Geoffrey, tenant at Kensworth, 8 ; 
the son of Godwin, tenant at Thorp, 40 ; te- 
nant at Caddington, 2 ; the son of Golda, 
tenant at Drayton, 101 ; the son of Herbert, 
juror of Beauchamp, 28 ; tenant there, 29, 
31 ; the son of Hugh, tenant at Ardleigh, 25 ; 
the son of John, tenant at Caddington, 5 ; 
tenant at Kensworth, 9 ; the son of Lieuena, 
*' hydarius" at Thorp, 41 ; the son of Mach- 
tild, tenant at Caddington, 6; the son of 
magister H.' 135 ; the son of Robert, tenant 
at Beauchamp, 32 ; tenant at NaTestock, 78, 
80 ; ** hidarius" at Kirkeby and Horiodc, 
45 ; the son of Roger, tenant at Beauchamp, 
i8, 30 : the son of Sabamus, Sabemua, te- 
nant at Narestock, 77, 78, 80, 85 ; the son 
of Sawin, ** hydarius** at Kirkeby, 44 ; the i 

ton of Sconus, ** hydarius** at Kirkeby and 

Horiock, 46 ; the son of Stephen, tenant at 
RunwelU 70 ; the son of Turstan, tenant at , 
Ardkigh* S7 ; the son of Wifast, ^ operarios*' i 
at Sandon, 1 7 ; the son of WOliam, tenant at ] 
Sandon, 16 1 tenant at Heybridge, 5>5 ; juror ; 
of Ttthngham, 5$ ; tetMnt awre« €0, 61 ; 
tW aon of Wlrud. the dai^ter of, tenant at 

Rklrtr^ tenant at Beaudiamik 117 

Rk^^ML «" v^pmnw"^ at \V«lK>n. $0 

Rijki R<ipnakU tenant at 'TOEi^aw, 61 : TVv 

«MiK ttfiant at TV«|h, 3:^ 
RtfN<i <l xiipik hL\ii. :$! 
1UI;t^>l. tt«ant at WKiham. 3T 
Rmmc a«^ th< ^m:httr of $|^>^mw ** cf«nz%'" 

at T\Uwi^^kaia« ^ 
ltili««^« ktt t««a»t at Naty«tvvi« ^ 
RinMt* H»4 at O^i^i^^a ti> <ta3ML :f^ 
IMft^fl. ^ c^K^S'^ at C»iwn».-#w X4r 

1M«l^ ll# WSMW v^ UMa4Ml> 4< $.V jC& l«l ; ' 


**finnarius*' at Tillingfaam, 59; and other 
officers of the Chapter, identified, Izzxiii 
Robert, 125; late tenant at Ardleigh, 24, 26; 
tenant at Beauchamp, 116; late tenant at 
Drayton, 100; tenant at Kensworth, 10, 11, 
12; "hydarius^ at Kirkeby, 44; '*opera- 
rius" at Walton, 51 ; '^ hidarius'* and late 
" hidanua** at Kirkeby and Horiock, 46 ; 
" dericus," parson at Beauchamp, 148 ; **ca- 
nonicus et presbiter," 1 25 ; '* seUarius,'* 128 ; 
the son of Abel, juror of Caddington, 1 ; te- 
nant there, 4, 6 ; the son of Ailwin, jaror of 
Beauchamp, 1 14 ; the son of Aflwin " sa- 
cerdos,*' takes Wkkham to Him, 122, 124 ; 
the son of Ailwin, tenant at Beauchamp, 
1 15, 1 17 : the son of Chrvtiana, '< hidarias" 
at Kirkeby and Horlock, 46; the son of 
David. *<operarios" at Walton, 50 ; the son 
of Dring.' " hydarius" at Kirkeby, 44 ; the 
son of Eadmnnd. tenant at Ardleigh, 24, 27 ; 
the son of Ediva, ** hydarius" at Tborp, 41 ; 
the son of Eve, tenant at Caddington, 2, 7 ; 
the son of Folk, juror of Ardleigfa, 21 ; te- 
nant tbcre, 23 ; the son of Geneimmnus, 128 ; 
the son of Gciman, tenant at Ardleigh, 26 ; 
the son of Gilbeit, juror of Caddington, 1 ; 
tfoant there, 5 ; the son of Godhn, tenant 
at Bcaocftnmp, 116; tiK loo of Gunnort, 
tenant at Kiiket>y.45 ; ** hidarius'^ at Kirkeby 
andHorlodL46: thescaofHcreward, "hy- 
darius** at Kkkeby, 44; tiK son of Hervey. 
tenant at TVc?irp, 40 ; tiK son of Hugh, juror 
of Draytoa, 99 : the son of JcnMne, juror of 
ATdMgh, 21 : tiK sos of John, tenant at 
Bames« IM : the son of Ku mt t a , tenant 
atUraytcc 1C2; the son of Lefwin, tenant at 
rrartcn, ^^A« 10!. 102; tbe son of Lucy, 
*^k5dazr«^ at Kirkeby. 43; tbe son of Philip, 

119; tiK son of 
Kensworth, 10; the son 
^ S^gar.iwQr of IVvp. 38 ; tenant thcR, 
S«: Ae sen of S mm m, 6g ; juror of Barling, 


ehkiap, 29 j the iim of Suen, tenant it Luf- 
fcnhale, 30 ; the aon of Theobftld, tenint at 
SuttoD, 93, 97 ; " openiiui" here, 9S ; the 
Bon of Th(]o(loric, tcnint at Navcitork, 77. 
S5; tbeion of Walter, tenint at BeBUchimi), 
lie i tenint «t CaddlngtoD, 2, 6. T ; the ion 
of Wiburgi, tenant at Ciddington, 4; xhe 
of Wkurun, tenint at Bcauchamp, 29 ; 

Bon of Wirrun, juror or Beauchamp, 28 ; 

son of Will. Wlured, 124, 12S i the (on 
ot Wluric, tenint it Sindon, 14 : the sou of 
Wlurin, Wlurun, tenant it Beiuchunp, 32, 

Wlwin, juror of Beiuchimp, 114; the uncle 

of Simon, the son of Stephen, "hydiriiis" at 

Kirkeby, 44 
Roche, piiture at Beauchioip so called, 121 
Rodi, pert of the minor uf Sandon, 1133 
Rode, Willjini de la, juror of Sindon, 13 
Rodewood wood, at Sindon, 13 
Roeiii, tenant it Wkkhim, 36 ; the relict of 

Reginild, Reginald de BoiCD, tenajit it 

eiuchamp. 29, 3 


; "hyd.- 

BeiuchRmp, II8i "homo eccIoiE," tenant 
at Beauchamp, IIB; the son of Ailwio, 
tenant at Ardlcigh, 23^ tenint at Luffen- 
hale, 20 1 the ion of Alured, 1 28 -. tenant at 
Beauehimp, 20 ; the Bon of Eidwin, Edwin, 
tenant at Beauchamp, 1 !4, 1)7; the aon of 
Edmund, tenant at Naveatock, BO ; the eon 
of Ernold, tenint at Caddington, 2 ; the son 
of GoldBton, tenant at Beiuchimp, 29 ; the 
aon of Henry, tenint it Sutton, 94 ; the son 
of Maurice, tenint it Beiuchamp, 120; the 
ion of Richard, tenant at Ciddlngtan, h ; 
the ion of Robert, tenint it Ardleigh. 24, 
27 ; the ion of Wlfted, Wluted, tenant il 
Luffeiihile, 30 

Ronewell. D. Runwell 

Roianna, the relict of the brother of Robert 

" bydari 

It Thorp, 41 

Rote, Adam de, the ion of Wlvina, tenant at 

Nivestock, B4 

Rudene, land at Niveitock to called, SI 

Riiflua, "Qrmariui" at Beauchamp, 148; G., 

70 ; John, tenant at Ciddington, 3 ; lenint 

It Kensworth, 3 ; Mibilia, the relict of 

Richard, tenant at Beauchamp, 39 ; Richard, 

IxKXvii, 31, 32, 40, 41, 50, 54,70.71,79, 

115. lie, 117, 150; takei Beauchamp to 

farm. 138 ; " Brmariui" at Sandon, Belchem, 

Ac, 111 i R., 14; "firmarius" at Sandon, 

IS; Robert, tenant at Beauchamp, 115i late 

tenint there,30 ; Will jam, ten lilt atBamei, I OS 

Rumanger, Rumanger de Dunatipte, John, 

tenant at Kenaworth, 10, 1 1 
Kunwell, Giiei (Ronewell, Ronewelle, Rune- 
well), 125; the manor of, 69, 143,132, 165"; 
" compotui" of, 154, 155. ISC, 158, 159, 164 ; 
the church of. 150; receipta from defaulters 
at, 166: (icoffrey de Vallibui, clerk, '• (irma- 
riui" there, 69; Hugh de, ■' serviena " of 
Richard the Archdeacon, 49 ; Stephen de, 
juror of Runwell, 69; tenant there, 70; 
" operariui" there, 72 ; William de, tenant at 
Beauchamp, 30, 31, 32 
Ruthehyda, encroachment at, 144 
Rutur, Wilier, tenant at Keniworlh, 9 
Sabarnut, lite tenant at Chingford, 90 
labini. (he daughter of Geoffrej, "hidariui" 
it Kirkeby and Horlock, 46; the daughter 
of Godwin, " hidariui " at Kirkeby and 
Horlock, 4S; the widow, tenant at Kirkeby, 
Saburga, late tenant at Walton, 50 
Sacerdoa, the relict of the, tenant at Nave- 
Btock, 80 ; John. late tenant at Thorp, 40 ; 
juror of Caddington, 1 13 ; Richard, tenant at 
Beauchamp, 116; William grotsua, "Qrma- 
riui" at Heybridge, 54 
Sadde, Henry, tenant at Naveatock, SO 
t^aeva. Sa;va, late tenant at Walton, 49 ; the 
daughter of Folinard, tenant at Sandon, 14 ; 
the relict of WilUtm, tenant at LuSenhile, 



20 ; the widow, tenant at Chingfordi 88« 89 ; 
"cotarius" at Sandon, 19 
Sagarii Robert, " hydarius" at Thorp, 41 
Sailda, late " hydarius" at Thorp/' 42 
Saint Gregory, the church of, cxzxiv 
Saint Paul, the two feasts of, czxxiii 
Saint Paul's, London, MSS. in the cathedral 
collection, i — iii ; the chapter or ** com- 
munal " lands of, iv ; descriptioQ of its 
various lands, xii; variations in hidage 
thereon, xii — xv; the canons residentiary 
of, xliii, xHy ; the bakehouse, its modem site, 
xWiii; the fee of, 81 ; the canons of, 125 — 129, 
132-— 138. 140, 141 ; the patrimony of, in the 
church of London, 146 ; the church of, 152 
the canons of, 152 ; chapter of, 153, 156 
Ttiomas de Coulynj, "^custos bndni" of, 
hU ** compotus "* for theyear;i283, 165— 172 
John de Eraynlord» ** custos bractni " of, his 
^'compotus" for the year 1286, 172—175 
SakeviUe, Richard de, tenant at Sandoo, 15 
Saledus. ''hydarius** atXboriH 41, 42; «hidi. 
rius** at Kirkeby and Horiock, 45, 46; tenant 
at Suttoo« 95 
Sakwaop, kte tenant at Beauchamp* 30 
SaoAi^ Samanii« tenant at Heybrid|ee» 58 ; the 
son of Wlutin, tenant at BcnuchMapw 3;^; 
kt« '« hidarius** at Kirkeby and Horiock* 46 
Sancto Andrea* Henrr de, juror of BcnnckMap. 

SandMk Essex vStodoia, Sandone\ 19, 20, ill; 
inquiMbon i>f. 13 ; ctwit of, 16 ; the Manor 
of, UU i:.?. Iff4* ; ^^cvMnpoMft"^ of» 134— 
15^ Ul ; tW cknKb «.>f. 14:^ in stock ani 
yit«afew« <lncrib«4 and xnlneii 1>4« 133; 
RkiMunl RviWs,. aoMl Kk^Mrd <*e Sanion» 
^^timartt"* tlMtt^ lU; IknrT.Hv ann of 
RWbaid iki IWMit tWrr^ U; Rk^m^ de» 
"^ ixmsri^ ** at ^anJtatt* lU 
SmIHC kn4 al $)rttgft so catt>!< :ie^ 
S^ifMttSK R«j|{!itt» H<MC <^f Rtns«octkw T : 

Saunde, Osbert de, tenant at Navestock, 84 

Savaric, the land of, at Navestock, 84 

Savarus, Robert, "hydarius" at Kirkeby, 44; 
WUUam, " hydarius ** there, 44 

Sawgel, Sauugele, tenant at Walton, 49 ; " hidi- 
rius " at Kirkeby and Horiock, 45, 46 ; Iste 
" hidarius" ther«, 45 ; " burgenais," "ope- 
rarius ^ at Walton, 50 ; late tenant there, 
50; "parvus" "operariua" there, 50; the 
son of Estrilda, juror of Kirkeby and Horiock, 
45, 46 ; Richard, tenant at Heybridge, 54 

Scakri, GUibert de, juror of Sutton, 93 ; Peter 
de, tenant at Drayton, 101 

Scarlata, Scariet, Cecilia, tenant at Navcstock, 
79; *'nativus*' there, 82; Geoffirey, the land 
of, at Navestock, 84 ; William, Al<ytha and 
four sisters, daughters of, " operarii '* at 
Walton, 50 

Schirittga, land at Bcandiamp so called, 1 15 

"ad smtallam pnepoaiti,'* explained, 

Scotlande^ " dominium " de^ 151 

Scotns, ScoticQS, John, tenant at Ronwcil, 70 
Scdeied, kte tenant at Walton, 50 

tenant at Chingfofd, 107 
of Robert* tenant at Kens- 

Roger, tenant there, 37 i Henrj, the w 
Willltin, tenint at Wick ham, 34 

Sigillo, Nk'boUs lie, Ixxxvi ; " firmanuE 
Audelejr, 1 1 1 

Simon, tenant at Walton, 49 ; tenant nl I 
diagton, &; tenant at Keiisworili, «; " 
ivius" at Tillingham, G.I i " clericua, 
pledge M to farm o( Keniwotth, 139; 
vicar, the house of, at Ssndon, 14 ; the nephew 
of John, "magister," lenant at Keniworth, 
8 ; the ton of Hereward, " hidariui " at 
Kitkeliy and Hurlock. 46 ; the son of Salo- 
mon, tenant « Runwcll, 7 1 ; the son of Simon, 
"openrius" at RunwelJ, T^ i the son of 
Strpheo, " hydarim " at Kirkeby, 44 ; juror 
of Kirbeby Knd Horlock, 45 ; Ibc aan of Wil- 
liam, juror of Wickham, 33 ; tenant there, 35 

Simplex, Robert, 101 i "llrmarius" at Dray- 
ton, lia 

Sipmin, Henty, tenant at Walton, 49) "opera- 
liua" lhctc,50; the son of Richard, "opera- 
tius" there, 61 ; Ssgar, "akeimannus " at 
Walton, 52 

NavcGlack, 84 

at Navcbtock, 7H ; the 

Heybridge, 56 ; Richer, 

Sire, Eogei 
Siric, Si rich, la 

son of Edric, 

tenant at Na 
Slo, Thomai de. " hydariut " at Klrkcby, 44 

Walter dc. tenant at Rmiwdl, 71 
Sneting', the prebend uf, 3B ; Siinon de, teiian 

at Thorp, 40; " bydarius " there, 41 ; (Snu 

tinge), 142, " pro xivii hidis et dimid' dc" 

words probably omitted, civ 
Snok, John, tenant at Heybridge, 54, 57 
Socci, ploughshare!, Iixiv 
Socca frumcnti. explained, cxix 
Solandi, &colanda, Sic " cuni tex bldia trium >o 

landarum," explaioed, liiviii, Ixiix ; " una dl 

■colanda," ci, 14^ 
Solin, identified with lulung, xiv 
Solio, John de, 81 

Sond', Oabert de la, tenant at Nareatock, 79 
t, Giliberl, tenant at Tillingham, CO, CI 

Spendluve, Hugh, tenant at Thorp, 40 

Spina, Simon de, " hidariui " at Kirkeby and 

Hoilock, 4r> 
Sprol, Roger, Jutor of Heybridge, 52 j tcnnnt 

there, 54, 56 
Sprotus, Rimer and the daughter of, "operarli" 

atTiltlngham, 03 
Stallacio canonicorum, cxxxiil 
Stanbrege, Nicholas de, tenant at Kcnsworth, 8 
Slanbrugg', Simon de, a canon of St. Paul'i. 


Stanliurga, late " hjdariui " at Thorp, 42 
Slanhard, tenant at Beauchamp, 115; "opcra- 

riui " at Beauchamp, IIT 
Slanstrete, Warin de, tenant at Beauchamp, 1 1 9 
Slnnwinesland, land at Beauchamp >o called. 1 14 
Stapclford, R. de, 22. 23. 25, 27 i Richard de, 

"firmarius" of Wickham. 33 — 36; builds 

mill and houses at I.ulTenhalc, 21 
St'awincilond, land at Beauchamp >o called, 28 
Stephen, tenant ajid also late tenant at Thurpc, 

40 ; late tenant at Runwell, 71; the son of 

Ailmar, lenant at Wickham, 35 ; the son of 

Godfrey, " opcrarius " at Runwell, 73, 73 ; 

the son of Godric, tenant at Heybridge, 57 ; 

the Clin of Robert, tenant at Runwell, 71 ; 

juror oINavcslock, 74; aclaimant there. 75 ; 

lenant there, 78; the son of Robert, the son 

of Ricbaid, lenant at Navestock, 75, 7C ; the 

son of Thomas, tenant at Runwell, 71, 73 ; 

the son cf Turberl, tenant at Thorp, 39; 

tenant at Kirkeby, 44; the eon of WIniar, 

Ster, Godwin le, tenant at Naveslock, 73; 
Hngenilda, the relict of Geoffrey le. lenant at 
Navcslocli, 78 ; " nalivui " there, 83 
Steringe, land at Beauchamp so called, 2<> 
Stigcl, Roger de, tenant at Thorp. 40 
Stipula, Ixxviii, 57 

Stinur, John, the son of William, lenant at 
Ardlcigh, 24 
r Stock on manors teased, remarks on value, xei 
I Stokkerc, Richard, tenant at Ardleigh, 22 



Stonhard, juror of Betuchamp, 28, 1 14 ; late 

tenant there, 32 ; Henry, tenant at Cadding- 

ton, 3; Osegod, tenant at Kensworth, 9; 

William, juror of Heybridge, 52 ; tenant 

there, 54, 56 
Storensts, John, tenant at Caddington, 6 
Storteford, Edgar de, 14 ; Ralph de, juror of 

Sandon, 13; Ranulf de, tenant there, 16; 

T. de, canon of London, 14 
Stowe, '*magi8ter," R. de, resident at Saint 

Paul's in the year 1283, 167 
Straiton, Gilbert de, a canon of Saint Paul's, 

bread used at installation of, 173 
Stranbrugg, S. de, resident at Saint Paul's in 

the year 1283, 167 
Strata, Coleman de, juror of Wickham, 33 
Strathforth, Richard de, canon of Saint Paul's, 

Strica, Ixxi, 17 
Stroda, Gerard de, tenant at Walton, 49; 

Walter de, juror of Walton, 48 ; the son of 

Lieueua, "operarius'* at Walton, 51 
Sturfeld, 118 
Su, Reginald de, the son of Ailwin, tenant at 

Sandon, 16 
Suenilda, the relict of Geoffrey, *' hydarius" at 

Kirkeby, 44 
Suenus, «. Swein 

Suetman, late tenant at Navestock, 78 
Suir, Gilibert, Gilbert le, tenant at Beauchamp, 

Suit in county and hundred courts, Ixiv, Ixt 
Sumercote, Henry de, tenant at Wickham, 37 
Sumerlese, land at Chingford so called, 86 
Summa, summagium, their meaning, Ixvii 
Summa denariorum, explained, xx, ciii 
Summam unam ordei, he, explained, ex 
Suonilda, late tenant at Drayton, 100 
Suor, Auicia, the relict of Gilbert, tenant at 

Beauchamp, 119 
Supplementuro, explained, cxxvii, cxxviii 
Surrey, John de, tenant at Sandon, 14 
Susenna, explained, Ixxvi, Ixxvii 

Sotor, Walter, tenant at Sandon, 14 ; WtUism. 

late tenant at Drayton, 100 
Sutton, Middlesex, (Suthtona, Suttbona) 1 12 ; 

the manor of, 93. 145, 152, 164*; '*cofn- 

potus^of, 15-1—159, 163; the church of, 151; 

Nicholas, Archdeacon of London, ** firmariin " 

there, 112; magister Pb' de Haddam, " ftnns- 

rius" there, 93; John de, *' propositus," 

juror of Sutton, 93 
Suttun, tenement of, at Willesdon, 152 
Suttuna, Robert de, late tenant at Heybridge, 53 
Swein, Henry, the son of Richard, tenant at 

Navestock, 85 
Swein, (Suenus) William, the son of WUIiam, 

tenant at Caddington, 7 
Sweno, tenant at TlUingham, 61 
Swonild, Robert, tenant at Beauchamp, 121 
Synodalia, "quid solvatur pro linodalibus," 

explained, cxt, cxvi 
T. " quondam firmarius," at Navestock, 78 
Taillage, " qui possunt talliari," &c. explained, 


Talliae yacantes, explained, cxxxit 
Tkillur, Walter, tenant at Sandon, 14 
Tamisia, Robert de, tenant at Bamet, 106 
Tannarius, John, the son of Hugh, tenant at 

Navestock, 78 
Tannator, Gilbert, tenant at Kenswortfa, 8 
Telarius, Henry, tenant at Navettock, 80 
Telt, Wlgar, late tenant at Sutton, 93 
Templar, Alicia, the relict of the, tenant at 
Wickham, 37 ; Isabella, the lister of the, 
tenant at Wickham, 36 
Teodoric, •. Theodoric 
Terra assiss, its meaning, ciii 
Tetilda, Hugh, '*operarios" at Wahon, 51 
Textor, Edward, *'hidarios" at Kirkeby and 
Horlock, 45 ; Randolph, tenant at Walton, 
50; "akermannus" at Walton, 52; the 
daughter of Adam, '* hydarius '* at Tborp, 42 ; 
Alicia, the daughter of Ralph, tenant at 
Wickham, 36 ; Robert, the son of Leufric, 
tenant at Beauchamp, SO ; Sawahia, tenant 

t Beauchimp, 23 : Siward, (enHnt n 

.Dl, 61 


Teitrii, Mirgnret, tenant at Ardleigh, 2b 

Thcdilda, tenant It Walton, 49 

■nieobaldm. " coUrim" at Sandnn, 19 

Tbcodoric. Theodore, Thedric. Teodoric, IS-l; 
"flnnftriui" >t Drayton, 101, 14S : " flrma- 
riui" at Smtan, 93, 94, 95; " fltmariua" at 
Tillingham, CI, III; " Mnonicui," 133; 
"acriptor" takea Barling to farm, I2G; 
(Teod") takes Nnvcstock to farm, 132, 133; 
tenant at Beauchamp, llf>; late tenant at 
Beauchamp. '29; late tcnantntNave>tock,S3; 
tlie son orAlditha, tenant at Drayton, 100 

Theoduir, late " hidariiia" at KirkeUy and Hor- 
lock, 4C 

Ttiecpliania, explained, c 

Thomaa, "hidariui" at Kirkcby and Horlock, 
46; late tenant at Tlllinshan:, 63 i tenant at 
Walton, 49 ; the brother ol Robert, " opera- 
rioi" at Sandon, 17; the aon of Adam, 
juror of Naveetock, 74 ; tenant there, 76, 17, 
79, as : the Mn of Adgar, tenant at Tilling- 
bam, fiO; the Bon of Edgar, " operarlui" at 
TiUingbim, 63 ; the aon of Emma, '> byda- 
riua" at Thorp. 42 ; tenant there, 39; the 
aon of Euito, tenant at Walton, 49 ; the son 
ofGodric, tenant at Thorp, 35, 40; " hida- 
rlui" at Kirkeby and Horlock. 4S; (he ton 
of Hereward, "liidariui" at Kirkeby and 
Horlock, 46; the aon of Mainer, 124; the 
I aon of Ralph, tenant at Keniwurth, 10, 11 ; 
L the Bon of Reginald, the heira of, in the cus- 
I tody of Gilbert Debuneire, 10; the ion of 
^ Richard, "hydarius'- at Kirkcby, 44; the 
aon of Sigir, tenant at Tllllnghain, 61, 62 ; 
Ui« ton o[ Stephen, " hydariua" at Tborp, 42; 
tenant at Runwell, 70 ; the >an of Wateman, 
tenant at Barling, 6,'i 

ThoipiEaaei, (Torph, Torp,)41, 42, 126; the 
church of, U9 ; " compotua " of, 164 ; 
Hallmotc of, William de Burnam, "firma- 
Lua" at, 3B ; Robert de, "hidariua" at 

>BX. 207 

Kirkeby and Horlock, 45 ; Thomas de, tenant 
at Thorp, 39 

Threde, Geoflrey, juror of Norton, 73 

Thuikill, late tenant at Sandon, 15 

Tia, land at Naveatock so called, 79 ; Ralph de, 
tenant at BUnwell. 70; William King, the 
son of Roger de, tenant at NaTeitock. 84 

Tichenho, wood nt Sandon, 13; William di.', 
tenant at Sandon, 14 

Tilleberi, Robert de. land of, 1 20 

'rillingbam, Efiei, (Tilingham, Tyllingham.) 
Ill ; the manor of, 58, 142, 152, ICO, 164*; 
the church of, 149; John cic Middlelon, lale 
•' flrmnrlus" there, 160*; William de Mele- 
ford, ■' firmarius" there, 160; "compotus" 
of, 154— 1 59*. 161 ; Robert de Cano, " fir- 
mariua" there, S8; William and Theodoric, 

Toddesho. Gilibert de, tenant at Beauchamp,S9 
Tokinton, Godfrey de, tenant at Ardleigh, 26 
Torpeia, " orrcum " of, at Adulfsnasa, described, 

Totham, Maurice de, late tenant at Heybridge, 

S3; Thomas de. tenant at Heybridge, S4 
Tolum bladum manerii, its meaning, idi 
Tovi, late tenant at Chingford, 90 
Tovui, late tenant at Walton, HO 
Traigor, Walter, " flrmarius ecclcslK" at Barl- 

Travera", Trauers, William, juror of Beau- 
champ, 1 14 ; tenant there, lis, 117; late 
tenant there, 31; Waller, tenant at Beau- 
Treasurer, the. resident at Saint Paul's in the 

Trea acrtC inveniri non possunt, lixi, 1 1 
Tripes cum mammola, its meaning, ici 
Trippe, Gilbert, tenant at Beauchamp, 3 1 
Tropinel, Alditha, tenant at Ardleigh, 26; 

Geoffrey, tenant at Ardleigh, 23 ; William, 

tenant at Ardleigh, 24 
Tubbing, Walter, tenant at Walton, 49; "ope- 

rarius" there, 50 



Tuitford, the church of, 152 ; the chapel of, 152 
Turbert, the son of Godric, tenant at Thorp, 

Turc, Edwin, pledge as to farm of Kensworth, 1 29 
Turgis, late tenant at Runwel), 70 ; late tenant 

atSandon, 15 
Turnator, William, the son of Robert, tenant at 

Beauchamp, 32 
Turnur, Henry, Henry le, tenant at Navestock, 

80, 84 ; Richardy Richard le, tenant there, 

80 ; tenant at Heybridge, 58 
Turri, Robert de, takes Navestock to farm, 

132, 133 
Turstan, juror of Ardleigh, 21 ; " operarius" at 

Walton, 50 ; late tenant at Sutton, 98 : late 

tenant at Wickham, 35; Laurence, tenant 

at Kensworthy 1 1 ; the son of Aiimar, *' hy- 

darius " at Kirkeby, 44 ; the son of Seroer, 

tenant at Ardldgh, 24 
Twiford, Middlesex, (Tuiferde.Twyforde), 1«7; 

'*coropotus*' of, 1C4; the prebend of, its 

value, &c., xciv, xcv 
Twiverd', Ralph de, tenant at Sutton, 93 
Ulstan or Wulman, Dean of St. PauVs, account 

of firmse in his time, cxx ; v, Wlmannus and 

Unchere, Augustine, tenant at Kensworth, 13 
Uplee,land so called in the parish of Willesden, 

Valetuna, 126 
Vallibus, Fulco de, tenant at Beauchamp, 30 ; 

GeoflFrey de, 70, 71 ; clerk, " firmarius *' of 

Runwell, 69 
Valonis, Robert de, his encroachment at Ching- 

ford, ex, 144 
Venator, Gerardus, *' hidarius** at Kirkeby and 

Horlock, 46 
Venella, Osbert de, tenant at Kensworth, 1 1 
Vestura, explained, cxxiii 
Vicar, The, tenant at Tillingham, 61 
Vicecomiti reddebat xx. solidos, explained, cii; 

" iiij." sol., ciii, 141 
Vigilabit circa curiam, Ixxiii 

Vikere, Jordan, tenant at Navestock, 79 ; the 
son of Ailward, tenant there, 84 

Viliers, Helias de, " hidarius " at Kirkeby and 
Horlock, 46 

Vinur, Roger le, tenant at Beauchamp, 120 

Virgata quae non averat, 3 ; why so called, Ixn 

Visitations, others besides that of Diceto refe^ 
red to, viii 

Vistes et reward' forestsc, meaning of the 
phrase, Ixxxv 

Vivarium, explained, cxxi 

W. "firmarius" at Kirkeby, 44; at Walton, 
49, 50 ; at Barling, 65 

Wainagium, described, Ixv 

Wainemere, Weinemere, Henry de, tenant at 
Caddington, 5 ; William de, juror of Kens- 
worth, 7; tenant there, 10, II, 12 

Walbertus, received as brother by the canons of 
Saint PauPs, and takes Barnes to farm, 137 

Waletun, Alicia, the relict of William de, tenant 
at Beauchamp, 32 

Walkelin, his holding at Caddington, escheated 
on account of theft, 4; "firmarius** at 
Wickham, 34, 35; John, tenant at Ching- 
ford, 90 ; the son of Henry, tenant at Kens- 
worth, 8 

Walkern, William, the son of Warin de, tenant 
at Luffenhale, 20 

Walter, "firmarius" at Chingford, 88, 89; 
" akermannus" at Walton, 52 ; •* operarius** 
there, 50, 51 ; tenant at Kensworth, 10, 11; 
"hydarius" at Thorp, 41; "operarius" at 
Sandon, 18; late tenant at Wickham, 35; 
late " hidarius" at Kirkeby and Horlock, 45; 
the brother of the archdeacon, 125; the 
"nepos** of WImar\ tenant at Navestock, 
84; the son of Aelbem, tenant at Kens- 
worth, 10; the son of Ailwin, juror of Sao. 
don, 13; tenant there, 14; the son of Ail- 
ward, "nativus** at Navestock, 83; the son 
of the bishop, 124 ; the son of David, " ope- 
rarius" at Walton, 50; the son of Eustace, 
tenant at Sandon, 19; the son of GeoiErey, 

tenuit kt Runwell, TO. 7 1 : the son of Gerard, 
tenant at Caddington, 2 ; the >on ot Henry, 
tenant at Naveilock, 77— 80 i the aon of 
Hugh, t»iKnt at Barnes, IDC; the son of 
Osbert, teiiuil at Caddington, 2 ; tht H>n of 
Peter, juror of Navettock, 74 ; tenant there, 
76, TS, 8S 1 the son of Ralph, tenant at 
Wickham, 3S, 37 ; ihe son of Robert," cota- 
riii«" at Sandon, L3; the son of Sewgel, 
tenant at Walton, 49 ; the son of Theodoric, 
tenant at Naveatock, 76, Si; the aon of 
Walter, tenant at Caddington, 2 ; tenant at 
Keniwoith, 11 1 the son of William, tenant 
atTillinghani, 60 

Waltham (Watham), the hundred of, 8S, 144 ; 
the abbot of 66 ; Richard, abbot of, 86 

Walton (Waleton-, Waletun', Waletuna, Wa- 

Weeley. maneriotum de Wigeleia, described, c 
cii; e. Wigelai 

Weights and measures, "per menauram regis 


Weinemere, c. Wainemere 
Wera, William, late tenant at Barling, 6C 
Westlee, "compotua"' of, 164 
Weitm', Robert de, tenant at Barnes, 106 
Wettande, Wilb'run de, tenant at Beauchamp, 

it Beaucham|i, ?9 

Weslende, Robert de, li 
WeathuB, HO 

Wambelokea, explained, liivi 
Wipiiing aiie Woae, molendinura de, ' 

tua"oF. 164 
Wnta, Richarde de, tenant at Sandon. 15^ 

Richard, son ol Osbeit de, tenant there, 15 
Wardacraa de frumenlo et avena, eiplained.lixi:! 
Wardpeny, explained, Ixxvili ; the service of. 

Ware, Stephen de, tenant at Sandon, 14 

Waiectum, described, Ixxlil 

Warin.Juror of Norton, T3 : tenant at Cadding- 
ton, i -, tenant at Tillingham, Ko. 61 ; the 
i«n of Allifiar, tenant at Norton, 74 ; the son 
of Azo, tenant at Caddington, 6 

Waatell, explained, cxxx 

Waldon, Ralph de, tenant at Caddington, 4 

Wateman, the son of Simon, GB ; "operarius" 
at Barling, 67 

Watham, n. Waltham 

Watlele, land at Navestock so called, 79 

Wdecroft, paioB, Ituid at Naveatock so called, 

f CAUD. 80C. 

Wettwde, wood at Naveatock to called, 75 
Wgclate, Richard de la, juror of Darling, 64 
Wiard, Robert, late tenant at Runwell, 71 
Wibcrn, the ion of Walter, " hidarius" at 

Kifkeby and Horlock, 46 
Wickham, Essei,(Wicham,Wychara,Wykham), 
Hi; the manor ot 33, 12J, 141, 152, 164* ; 
■■compotua" of, 154, 155, 156, 158, 159, 
161 : the church of, NS ; Robert de Kule- 
cDmpo- ham, " Grmarius" there. 111; Richard de 
Slapelford, " flrmarius " there. 33—36 ; 
the " fir ma" of, when payable, xci ; Rich- 
ard the Archdeacon, (of London,) his lease 
of. " Adquietavit ipse Ricardui," acii ; 
Hugh de, 124: John de, tenant at Beau- 
champ, 32 
Widslert.Wluric, •■ operarius" et Tillingham, C3 
Wiga, land at Bcauchamp so called, 116 
Wigelai, •'manerlolum"de, 146; r. Wee ley 
Wiger, John, juror of Naveatock, 74 : tenant 

there, IH 
Wigod, tenant at Sutton, 96 
Wigor, late "hydarius" at Kirkeby, 44 
Wigomia, Roger de, " gimariuc" at Drayton, 

99, 100 
Willesdon, the church of, 152 
Wiliiam the Archdeacon, (of Utidon,) 1!5, 126 ; 
the Deau. (of London, )1I2, 113,127, 12a, 140 

William, "firiDatius" at Chingford, 92; " the- 


firmsriui" U Keniwortb, 10; 
euarti auiied in hii timt, 13 ; R. hii ler- 
nnt, 13; " Srmiriui" at Tillinghim, 111; 
"firmarlui" at Wickhim, 35, 3fi ; teoint ■< 
Kenawoitb, 1 1 : "hiditius" at Kitkeby and 
Horlock, 4fi, 46 ; Ute " cotarius" it Aidleigh, 
87 : the goldsmith, hii " sobriquet," and 
bargain witb the Chapter for Cbingrord, c, 
135 1 (William " foresUiiu»,")daini. land at 
Sutton, 95 1 junior, 6S ; the brother of 
Robert the ion of Ediva, " byduiua" at 
TboTp, 41 ; the brother of Walter, 128; 
" nepoa" of William Clericui, tenant at Bar- 
ling, 65 ; the ion of Abaolon, tenant at 
Beauchamp, 29, 31 j the son of Aceriui, t«- 
nant at Ciddington, 3; the son of Adam, 
tenant at KenB«orth, 12; the son of Age- 
mund, late tenant at Caddington, 7 ; the son 
of Agnea, tenant at LuSenhale, 20 ; the son 
of Ailwin " sacerdos," ia4 ; the ion of 
Albert, " operarius" at Runvell, 73 ; the 
■on of-AIured. tenant at Drafton. 102 ; the 
. ton of Anketil. juror of Barling, £4 ; tenant 
tiere, 65. 66 ; the son of Aiketill, "' junior," 
tenant at Barling. 67 ; the son of Baldwin, 
t«nant at Ardlcigh, 24; " eotarius" there, 
37 ; llie ion of Bernard, tenant at Ruovell, 
71 : the aon of Brichtmar', tenant at Ching- 
ford, 87 i the ion of Ibe Clericus, tenant at 
■l Drayton. 102 i the son of DolSn. tenant at 
Naveatock, 77. 7S; the aon of Geoffrey, juror 
of Kirkeby and Horlock. 46 ; the «>n 
Geoffrey, tenant at Naveitock, 94 ; the i 
of Godiva, tenant at Thorp, 3S ; the lor 
Godwin, tenant at Ardleigh, 22, 25 ; the son 
of Kereward, tenant at Thorp, 39 ; the son 
of Hugh, tenant at Kenaworth, 10 ; the aon 
of Hunfrey, "operarlua" at Tillingham. 63; 
the son of John, tenant at Wickham, 37 ; the 
■on of Lambert, tenant at Beauchamp, 33, 
120; the son of Lieveva, tenant at l.uffen- 
hale, 30; the son of Matthew, tenant al 
Kenaworth, 10 1 the ion of Ontgar, tenant 

at Caddington, I, 6, T ; the nn of Osben, 
the ion of Godwin, " operarlua" at Sandon, 
IT; the son of Peter, tenant at Wickham. 
37 ; the aon of Ralph, the aon of Edward, 
tenantat Tillingham, 63; the son of Rkbatri, 
tenant at Beauchamp, 39, 31 : the ton o( 
Richard, the daughleraof, tenants at Sandon, 
15; the ton of Robert, tenant at Beauchamp, 
39, 31 ; the son of Roger, tenant at Luttn- 
hale, 2D: the ton of Sigar, late trnant ai 
Luffenhale, 20 : the ton of Theodoric, tenanl 
at Drayton, 101; the ton of Tuntan, tenant 
at SuttOD, 94) "Dperariua'' there, 98; the 
son of William, tenant at Caddington, 3, S ; 
tenant at Ardleigh, 24; the too of Wimarch, 
" hidariua" at Kirkeby and Horlock, 46; the 
toQofWlurictentnt at Sandon, 16 

Wimaic, Wimarch, Wymark. tenant at Ard. 
leigh, 25 ; the daughter of Robert, tenanl at 
Barnes, 106; the widow, tenant at Beau- 
champ, 114; " operariut" at Ruowell, T3 ; 
tenant at Navettock, H4 

WimenduQ', 161; the men of, MB 

Wimmer, the ton of Peter, tenant at Ardleigb,3S 

Winchetler, the bishop of. 151 

Wind, Hugh, tenant at Beaucbamp, 31, 116: 
le Haspeheg, tenant there, 1 16 

Winemer, late tenanl at Ardleigh. 33, 36 

Wiot, Winton, Wintonia, Richard de, IZS; 
Itobert de, tenant at Caddington, 5 


Wlgar, WIgor, late tenant at Tillingham, 61; 
laic tenant al Wickham, 35 : " nepoi quon- 
dam," "operariua " at Bailing', SB ; Robert. 
" hydariut '• at Thorp, 42 

Wlimaid, the nephew of, tenant at AnUeisb. U . 

Wlviut, late tenant at Barnet, 106 jh 

Wlmannus, Wulman. the Dean (of St. lW^| 
110, 152; B. UlaUn ^^ 

Wlmar, the relict of John, *" operarlua *' it^ 
Walton. 50 

Wlmerealand, Wlm'ealood, land at Benuclianip 
ao called. 29, 30, 116 



Wluod, the son of Edwin, juror of SttttoD, 93 ; ' 

tenant there* 96 
Wlpet, terra de, at Ardleigh, 22 
Wlueudond, Wluiueland, land at Beauchamp 

lo caUed, 30, 1 14, 115. 116 
Wluiet, the daughter of, tenant at Drayton, 102 
Wluinedon, demesne at Beauchamp so called, 28 
Wloinus, 124 

Wluiaa, late tenant at Caddington, 5 
Wloric, late tenant at Sutton, 97 ; late tenant 

at Tillingham, 60 ; the daughter of, " opera- 

rius" at Sandon, 17; two daughters of, 

tenanu at Tillingham, 60, 61 
Wlurard, Wlward, late ** hydarius" at Kirkeby, 

43 ; late tenant at Runwell, 70 ; late tenant 

at Tillingham, 59 
WlTina, Adam de Rote, the son of, tenant at 

Navestock, 84 
Wlwineman, tenant at Beauchamp, 11^ 
Wogelate (Wogflate), Richard de la, de, tenant 

at Barling, 66, 67, 68 

Woodegate, Aluric de la« juror of Thorp, 38 

Woodsilver, described, Ixix 

Wose, molendinum de Wapping atte, *' com- 

potus"of, 164 
Wot, Richard, tenant at Tillingham, 60 
Wotgar, late tenant at Heybridge, 56 
Wrench, Hereman, tenant at Thorp, 30, 40 ; 

*' hydarius" there, 41 
Writde, Agnes, tenant at Ardleigh, 26 
Wroting, Wrotingi, Hugh de, tenant at Nave^ 

stock, 79 ; Roger de, tenant there, 81 
Wuillmus, received as brother by the Canons of 

Saint Paulas, and takes Barnes to farm, 127 
Wulman, v. Ulstan and Wlmannus 
Wycham, Wykham, ftc. p. Wickham 
Wyleby, John de, a Canon of Saint Paul's, bread 

used at installation of, 173 
Wymark, v. Wimarc 

Yinge, Richard, tenant at Kensworth, 8, 10 
Ysaac, tenant at Drayton, 102; the son of 

Walter, tenant at Drayton, 101 

DA 20.R9VJ9 CI 

Tlw doimtdiy of 8t PwTs of 

3 6105 033 577 904