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History, Churches and G EN£ alogies 


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History, Churches and Genealogies 



This work is the result of an attempt to discover the exact 
time of the first settlement of New Jersey by people of the 
German race. It is believed that this fact has been ascertained 
with sufficient certainty. Between 1710 and 17 13 nearly all 
palatines, who have left any trace of their presence, began to 
arrive in the State and to fulfill their important part in the 
upbuilding of this commonwealth. 

In the course of this investigation extending, as it needs 
must do, in so many directions and having to do with so many 
records, a large amount of valuable material would naturally 
accumulate. This has appeared to the author to be worth pre- 
serving, even though the labor and expense and risk of so large 
a book would be required for that purpose. 

In tracing the families of the early settlers resort has been 
had to the records at Newton, Belvidere, Flemington, Somer- 
ville and Morristown. Every one of the 62 books of wills at 
Trenton was examined separately. The church records of 
Stillwater, German Valley, New Germantown, Lebanon and 
Mount Pleasant, were carefully compiled. To gather addi- 
tional data the inscriptions in 31 cemeteries from Newton to 
Flemington, including those of Lamington, Bedminster and 
Somerville, were copied. Every county, church and family 
history procurable was consulted, and on this account the 
writer feels warranted in saying that the genealogies are as 
complete and accurate as they can be made. 

The families represented in the genealogies are more or less 
complete according to the circumstances of the case, but all the 
information has been given with regard to each family that 

vi Preface. 

could be found by careful and continued inquiry. 

All wbo have ever attempted genealogical researches will 
readily understand how impossible it is to ever attain either 
perfect completeness or perfect accuracy. 

The map of Washing-ton township, the author's own handi- 
work, is believed to be substantially accurate. Of course, as 
every surveyor knows, hardly any of the early surveys will 
bear mapping without alterations, such as actual surveys show 
to be necessary. 

The illustrations are in every case the best that could be 
procured. The work of the Central Bureau of Engraving has 
been surprisingly excellent. In some cases the photographs, 
from which the photo-engravings were made, were either very 
poor when originally taken, or discolored and marred by age. 

Mr. E. W. Rush, of Glen Gardner, is the engraver of the 
following cuts : The churches of New Germantown, Fair- 
mount, Lower Valley, Califon and Mount Olive. 

In common with every one who undertakes to investigate 
the history of Morris county, the writer owes more than he can 
adequately express to the two gentlemen of Morristown who 
have been frequently associated in the preparation and publi- 
cation of valuable historical records. Of course I refer to the 
Hon. E. D. Halsey and Mr. William Ogden Wheeler, of Mor- 
ristown. The very large and most complete collection of 
material for the history not only of the county but also of the 
State, which they have so kindly placed at the author's com- 
mand, has been of the very greatest value to the writer. 

All who are at all interested in the history of the palatine 
emigration either into New York or New Jersey, owe a debt 
of gratitude to Mr. Samuel Burhans, of New York City, for 
rendering accessible the large number of German church 
records, especially those belonging to the valleys of the Hud- 
son and Mohawk. 

Dr. Henry Race, of Pittstown, N. J., has most kindly granted 
the aid of his skill and experience in historical work. Mr. B. 
Van Doren Fisher, of New York, has enabled the writer to use 
the results of his invaluable labors, especially in the matter of 
family genealogies and the copying of archives. 

Preface. vii 

Mr. E. Y. Taylor, of Philadelphia, formerly of German Val- 
ley, kindly loaned the field books, maps and other papers of the 
surveyor, John Rockhill, who lived one hundred and thirty 
years ago. By the aid of these certain important facts were 
established, which would otherwise have remained in complete 

Mr. Augustus Dellicker, of Hackettstown, allowed the use 
of Caleb Valentine's papers, containing maps and surveys 
which could be procured no where else. The late Theodore 
Naughright and William S. Cary and son, Lewis, have taken 
the most generous interest in the writer's labors and have given 
him the full benefit of their extensive experience as surveyors. 

Mr. Frank E. Everett, the capable editor of the Dover 
Iron Era, from whose office the present work is issued, has 
given to this book the benefit of his excellent taste and matured 

The delay in publication may be easily explained to those 
who understand the unexpected difficulties involved in the verv 
nature of genealogical work. 

The German edition of the Hallesche Nachrichten, (Allen- 
town, Pa., 1883), is the principal authority for the early history 
of the Lutheran churches in New Jersey. 

To the Presbyterian congregation, of German Valley, of 
which the author has the honor to be the pastor, is due un- 
stinted praise for their intelligent co-operation in an undertak- 
ing, which, without their help and approval, could not have 
been prosecuted to a successful issue. 



Chapter I. The Celebration i 

II. Our German Forefathers a 

III. The Moravians 16 

IV. The German Emigration 25 

V. The German Immigrants 34 

VI. Early Church History 45 

VII. Rev.' Carl Rudolph 58 

VIII. Rev. John Albert Weygand 63 

IX. Rev. Ludolph Heinrich Schrenck 72 

X. The Muhlenbergs 74 

XI. New Germantown and German Valley 82 

XII. The German Reformed 95 

XIII. Fairmount Presbyterian Church 126 

XIV. Reformed Church of Lebanon 137 

XV. Settlers of Upper German Valley 141 

XVI. Settlers of German Valley 146 

XVII. Settlers of Lower Valley 158 

XVIII. Settlers of Unionville 165 

XIX. Settlers of Schooley's Mountain 169 

XX. Schooley's Mountain Presbyterian Church.... 181 

XXI. Presbyterian Church of Pleasant Grove 185 

XXII. Settlers of Tewksbury Township 194 

XXIII. Settlers from Southold and Southampton 199 

XXIV. Chester Congregational Church 209 

XXV. Chester Presbyterian Church 214 

XXVI. Spruce Run— " Swake "— Clarksville Lutheran 

Churches 221 



Abel 227; Adams 229; Aller 230; Alpock 231; Ammerman 
234 ; Anthony 235 ; Apgar 236 ; Appelman 243 ; Aree 243 ; 
Ayres 244 ; Axford 248. 

Baldwin 249 ; Bale 250 ; Banghart 250 ; Barkman 251 ; Bartles 
252 ; Bartley 254 ; Batson 255 ; Beam 256 ; Beatty 258 ; 
Beavers 260 ; Bell 261 ; Bellis or Bellowsfelt 262 ; Bernhard 
264 ; Berger 264 ; Bird 265 ; Bloom 266 ; Bodine 267 ; Bow- 
man 269 ; Brown 273 ; Buchanan 273 ; Budd 274 ; Bulmer 
377 ; Bunn 278 ; Busenberry 280. 

Carhart 280 ; Carlisle 283 ; Case 284 ; Castner 288 ; Chambers 
290; Coleman 294; Colver 297; Condict 299; Cool 299; 
Cooner too; Corwin %o% ; Cosad 308 ; Couse 310 ; Craig 311; 

Cramer 312 ; v^i<* jij , wcjm ji« , v^ummms" j*/. 
Dallicker 320 ; Davis 321 ; Deats or Teats 322 ; DeCue 323 ; 

DeCamp 326 ; DeRose 327 ; Dickerson 328; Dierdorff 331 ; 

Dilts 332 ; Dorland 335 ; Drake 335 ; Dufford 342. 
Eckel 345 ; Ege 345 ; Eich 348 ; Emmons 350 ; Engell 351 ; 

Faircloe 352 ; Farley 352 ; Farrow 357 ; Feit 358 ; Felmley 358; 

Fields 359; Fisher 360 ; Fleming 371 ; Flock 372 ; Flumer- 

velt 374 ; Folk 375 ; Force 375 ; Fox 376 ; Frace 377; Frel- 

inghuysen 378 ; Frey 385 ; Fritts 385 ; Frone 386. 
Gray ; Griffiths 387 ; Gulick 387. 
Hager 388 ; Haines 394 ; Hance 395 ; Hann 397 ; Hartram 398 ; 

Heath 398 ; Heaton 400 ; Hedges 400 ; Hendershot 401 ; 

Henderson 402 ; Henry 403 ; Hildebrant 404 ; Hiler 405 ; 
Hilts 405 ; Hockenbury 406 ; Hoffman 406 ; Honness 416 ; 

Hoppock 416 ; Horton 417 ; Howell 421 ; Hummer 425 ; Hunt 

Iliff 426. 
Kelsey 427 ; Kemple 427 ; Kern 429 ; Kester 429 ; Kice 430 ; 

King 431 ; Kinnan 432 ; Kline 432. 
LaGrange 434; Lake 435 ; Lance 436 ; Larason 437; Lawrence 

439; Leek 442 ; Lerch 442 ; Lindabury 443 ; Lomerson 445 ; 

Lucas 446 ; Luse 447. 

Martinus 447; Messlar 447; Mettler 448 ; Miller 448 ; Ming 449; 
Moore 449. 

Neighbor 450 ; Neitser 452 ; Nicholas 454 ; Nurm 455. 

Ogden 455 ; Ort 458 ; Overton 458. 

Pace 459 ; Parker 460 ; Pew 460 ; Philhower 460 ; Pickle 46s ; 
Pool 464 ; Potter 464. 

Race 465 ; Rarick 466 ; Raub 467 ; Rawling 467 ; Read 467 ; 
Reed 468 ; Reeves 468 ; Reger 469 ; Rhinehart 470 ; Ritten- 
house 471 ; Roberts 471 ; Robertson 472 ; Rockafellow 472 ; 
Roelofson 473 ; Runyon 474 ; Rusling 476. 

Salmon 476 ; Salter 477 ; Schenkel 478 ; Schleicher 479 ; 
Schooler 480 ; Schuyler 482 ; Swartzwelder 483 ; Seals 484 ; 
Seifers 485 ; Seward 485 ; Shafer 486 ; Sharp or Sharpenstine 
486 ; Sherwood 492 ; Shipman 492 ; Shirts 493 ; Shultz 494 ; 
Silverthorn 494 , Skellenger 494 ; Skinner 496 ; Slaght 497 ; 
Smith 498 ; Snook 502 ; Snyder 503 ; Sovereen 504 ; Stark 
505 ; Stein 505 ; Stephens 505 ; Stiger 507; Streit 508; Struble 
508; Stryker 510; Sutphin 511; Sutton 512; Swackhamer 
517; Swarts5i9; Swazey5i9. 

Teel 524; Teeple 524; Terry 525 ; Terryberry 526; Thomas 
527; Tiger 528; Titman 528; Todd 530; Topping 532; Trim- 
mer 533. 

Van Atta 539 ; Van Buskirk 541 ; Van Fleet 541 ; Van Home 
544 ; Van Nest 545 ; Van Pelt 546 ; Van Sickle 547 ; Van 
Vechten 548 ; Vernoy 550 ; Vescelius 551 ; Vogt 552 ; Vosler 

Wack 553 ; Waldorf 554 ; Walters 555 ; Ward 556 ; Waer 556 ; 
Weise 557 ; Welsch 558 ; Weller 560 ; Werts 561 ; Wildrick 
567 ; Wiley 567 ; Willett 568 ; Wills 569 ; Wintermute 570 ; 
Wire 571 ; Wolf 572 ; Woodhull 573 ; Wortman 574. 

Yawger 576 ; Youngs 576. 



Corrections and Additions to Genealogies. 

Apgar, Bodine, Crater, Cregar, Dallicker 583 ; Eich, Fisher, 

Hager, Hann, Martinus, McLean 584; Mellick 585 ; Muehlen- 

ber £ S 8 7 ; Naughright 590 ; Runkle 591. 

Contents. xi 


Blauvelt, Bolton, Campbell, Chambers, 597; Clark, Collins 
(B. B.), Collins (G. S.), Davis, 598; Davison, Delp, Denton, 
Depue, Deyo, Diener, 599 ; Duy, Fox, Gibson, Glen, 600; Harker, 
Hendricks, Hiller, 601 ; Hunt, Husted, Hutton, 602 ; Mulford, 
Keiser, 603 ; Klink, Knox, Krechting, Lane, Linnell, Long, 604 ; 
McClenaghan, McConnell, Megie, Mewhinney, 605 ; Mills, Nich- 
olson, Pohlman, Roe, Ruston, 606 ; Sawyer, Scofield, 607 ; 
Schultz, Scott, Smith (B.), 608; Smith (G. W.), Smythe, 609; 
Steele, Stephens, Travers, Van Benschoten, Vandervoort, 610; 
Vermilye, Voorhees, Wack, Wood, 611. 

Mount Olive Churches 612 

Churches of Flanders 619 

The "Old Straw" Lutheran Church at Phillipsburg 625 


The German Reformed. 

Ringoes, Mt. Pleasant, Knowlton, Stillwater 627 

Lists of Names. 
Persons Naturalized, Settlers on " Society Lands," Signers 
to Weygand's Call, Customers of German Valley store- 
keeper, 1763 632 

Public Institutions and Improvements 638 


Vmw of German Valley Frontispiece. 


Rev. Henry Melchior Muhlenberg, D. D * 

Old Union Church of German Valley 5 

Rev. E. B. England and Rev. T. F. White, D D 10 

Rev. T. W. Chambers, D. D., L.L.D., and Henry Race, M. D 15 

New Germantown Lutheran Church 2° 

Rev. E. M. Muhlenberg, D. D. (2) and Rev. Major Gen. J. P. G. Muh- 


Rev. E. L. Hazeltos, D. D., and Rev. G. H. E. Muhlenberg, D. D 30 

Rev. Alfred Hiller, D. D., and Rev. H. N. Pohlman, D. D 35 

Rev. J. C. Dut and Rev. J. F. Diener *° 

.Rev. James R. Keiser and Rev. Valentine F. Bolton 45 

The Lutheran Church of German Valley 5° 

Rev. B. B. Collins and Rev. Ephraim Deyo 5 s 

Rev. W. B. Delp and Rev. J. P. Krechting 6° 

The Presbyterian Church of German Valley 95 

Rev. John C. Vandervoort and Rev. Chalmers D. Chapman 100 

Rev. James Scott, D. D., and Rev. William R. Glen 105 

Rev. Robert G. Vebmilye, D. D., and Rev. Mancius S. Hutton, D. D.. 110 

Rev. I. Alsttne Blauvelt and Rev. E. P. Linnell 115 

Rev. James H. M. Knox, D. D., and Rev. H. M. Voorhees 120 

Rev. Theodore Freltnghuysen Chambers I* 2 

The Fairmount Presbyterian Church ""* 

Rev. John R. Willox and Rev. Nathaniel B. Kline 130 

Rev. Titus E. Davts and Rev. William O. Ruston, D. D 135 

Rev. Charles Wood, D. D., and Rev. Edwin W. Long 1*0 

The Lebanon Reformed Chubch 145 

Illustrations. xiii 

Rev. Robert Van Amburgh and Rev. W. E. Davis 150 

The Presbyterian Church of LowerValley 15J 

Rev. John Reed, D. D., and Rev. w! J. Henderson 160 

Rev. James R Gibson and Rev. Alfred Nicholson 165 

The M. E. Church of Califon 167 

The Schoolet's Mountain Church 170 

Rev. William J. Gill, D. D., and Rev. C. S. Osborn 175 

Rev. Hdqh Smythe and Rev. William J. Mewhinney 180 

Pleasant Grove Presbyterian Church 185 

Rev. Joseph Campbell, D. D., and Rev. Burtis C. Meole, D. D 188 

Rev. H. W. Hunt and Rev. Samuel Sawyer 191 

Rev. Samuel J. McClenaqhan and Rev. James H. Clark 194 

Rev. Moses A. Depue and Rev. Gilbert Lane 198 

The Congregational Church of Chester 200 

Rev. Abner Morse and Rev. Luke I. Stoutenburgh 205 

Rev. B. P. Bradford and Rev. P. A. Johnson 209 

The Presbyterian Church of Chester 213 

Rev. G. M. S. Blauvelt , 217 

Rev. James Brewster and Rev. Frank M. Kerr 220 

The Spruce Run Lutheran Church 225 

Rev. Chester H. Travers and Rev. David Kline 230 

The Glen Gardner Lutheran Church 235 

Levi Farrow, M. D., and Rev. G. W. Smith 357 

Gen. Fred. Frelinghuysen and Gov. George T. Werts 380 

Hon. Theo. Frelinghuysen and Hon. Fred. Frelinghuysen 385 

Jacob W. Miller 448 

Mount Olive Presbyterian Church 612 

Rev. John H. Scofteld and Rev. David James 615 

Rev. 0. H. Perry Deyo and Rev. Daniel W. Fox 620 

Flanders Presbyterian Church 625 

Rev. John N. Husted and Rev. Baker Smith 630 

Rev. Thornton A. Mills and Rev. G. H. Stephens 635 

The M. E. Church of Flanders 640 

Rev. Manning Force and Rev. William Stout 645 


Washington Township, opposite page uq 

Allen and Turner Tract " " 162 

New Germantown in 1755 " " 194 








OCTOBER 3ist, 1893 









'i HE Centennial Celebration held at German 

Valley upon October 31st, 1893, was of 
such peculiar interest and attended with 
such notable success, that it may well 
deserve special notice in any history of 
the events which it was held to com- 

The day selected was Reformation Day, the anniversary of 
the nailing of the theses by Luther upon the church door at 

We quote from the local press the following account of the 
events of the day and the impression they produced upon those 
who were present. 

The Iron Era, of Dover, had the following : 
" The little village of German Valley was alive with life and 
energy on Tuesday when a representative of the Era arrived 
there, and the latch strings of every house hung out to those 
sturdy, intelligent and prosperous descendants of the first 
Teutons who came to this fertile and beautiful valley nearly two 
centuries ago, and who had come to celebrate the one hundred 
and eightieth anniversary of the arrival of the first wanderers 
from Fatherland. The weather was perfect. It was one of 
those charming October days that make the month one of the 
most delightful of the year. The carpeting of the valley was 
still green, the touch of the frost not having yet turned it to 
gray, and the hills were bright in their clothing of red and rus- 
set and yellow, relieving the cold dead drab of the rocks and 

2 Early Germans of New Jersey 

stones. The visitors began arriving early and every available 
tie post in the village was needed for their teams, and the trains 
brought many more. It was a success. In fact it could hardly 
be anything else. With the evident care and labor exercised 
with regard to the music and the selection of speakers, one 
could be at no loss to explain the great pleasure afforded to 
the large and intelligent audiences which assembled at both 
afternoon and evening services. 

" It was half -past three when the afternoon proceedings 
began in the Presbyterian Church. The church was tastefully 
decorated. In front of the pulpit the altar was banked with 
chrysanthemums and the red, white and black of the fatherland 
was draped gracefully over the desk. From the arch of the 
pulpit recess the national colors were prettily hung, and all 
around the room groups of the American flag were placed. 
From the centre of the pulpit arch a floral bell was suspended 
with the date 1743 in green figures, flanked on either side by the 
dates 1 7 13 and 1893. Tropical plants lent the beauty of their 
green luxuriance in contrast to the bright colors of the bunting, 
and the committee who had charge of the decorations are to be 
comr" ended for their taste. 

" It was expected that Hon. Jonathan W. Roberts, President 
of the Washington Association of New Jersey, would preside, 
but he was detained by business from being present, and Rev. 
T. F. Chambers took his place. After an anthem by the choir 
Rev. V. F. Bolton, of Glen Gardner, invoked the divine blessing. 
The orator of the afternoon was Rev. E. B. England, of Chester, 
whose eloquence and ability are so well known to readers of 
the Era that the announcement that he will deliver an address 
carries with it a desire to hear him. His theme was " Chris- 
topher Columbus, the First Emigrant," and he spoke with his 
usual grace of oratory and charm of rhetoric. " The Obliga- 
tions of Protestantism to Martin Luther," was the subject of a 
well written paper by Rev. Dr. Theo. F. White, of Summit, 
Chairman of the Committee on History of the Presbytery of 
Morris and Orange, and the ripe scholarship of the distinguished 
divine was shown in the preparation of this paper. An address 
on " Our German Forefathers " by Rev. Talbot W. Chambers, 

The Celebration 3 

D. D., LL. D., ended the literary part of the afternoon proceed- 
ings. It was one of those charming little talks that " come like 
the benediction that follows after prayer." Dr. Chambers is a 
man of profound learning, and yet has the happy faculty of 
getting in touch with his hearers. There is nothing of the 
pedant about him, and the simplicity of his address was as 
charming as its matter was interesting. 

" In the evening the proceedings were in the Lutheran 
Church and opened with an anthem by the choir. The decora- 
tions were very neat and appropriate. The church itself is a 
model of neatness and its pure white wall sets off very 
effectively the simplest decorations. It was a happy idea to 
present a Bible chained to a table as a forcible suggestion of the 
vast changes in religious opportunity which have taken place 
since ancient days. It would have been a great mistake to omit 
from the proceedings some account of the interesting community 
who once formed a most unique settlement at Hope, WaiTen 
County. Dr. Race's paper upon Greenland in New Jersey, or 
the Moravians, was carefully prepared and most complete and 
reliable. This is true of all the work of this gentleman, whose 
kindness in so ably representing the Historical Societies of the 
State and Hunterdon County, was fully appreciated. 

"The Rev. Dr. Hiller, professor of theology at Hartwick 
Seminary, in New York State, gave an extended account of the 
Lutheran Church in New Jersey in its threefold character, as 
constituted of Swedes in South Jersey, Low Dutch in Bergen 
County and High Dutch or Germans in Western New Jersey. 
His address was delivered in a forcible and lively manner and 
was interspersed with amusing anecdotes and interesting inci- 

" Rev. William E. Davis spoke briefly but to the point, and 
in a very happy way presented the relations of the Germans to 
the Reformed Dutch Church, to which he himself belonged. 

"The last subject of a program remarkable for its complete- 
ness, was the German Reformed Church which was to be pre- 
sented by Rev. T. F. Chambers. He excused himself from 
entering upon his theme at so late an hour. 

"The whole proceedings were worthy of the occasion and 

4 Early Germans of New Jersey 

add new laurels to the well-earned reputation for historic zeal 
of Morris County. The careful preparations for the complete 
presentation of the history of the German part of our population 
demonstrate a high degree of intelligence on the part of the 
village of German Valley. 

" The Secretary of the Committee and the Committee, under 
whose authority he acted, and by whom he was so heartily 
supported, the speakers, whose careful preparation and unques- 
tioned ability were so fully displayed ; the ladies of the decora- 
tion committee, whose refinement of taste was to be seen on all 
sides, and the inhabitants in general, whose cordial hospitality 
was enjoyed by the visitors, may all alike rejoice in the success 
of an occasion which will mark an era in the history of the 

" It was a very gratifying feature of the occasion to find the 
two churches of the village co-operating apparently without the 
slightest hitch or jar in the services of the day. We were 
informed that the expenses of the occasion were met by private 
subscription, and one could not but wonder how so large and 
representative a celebration could be conceived and successfully 
carried out by a rural village with limited facilities for travel 
and for entertainment. The Washington Association of New 
Jersey are a most respectable body to whom the whole county 
are deeply indebted for their patriotic work with reference to 
the admirably arranged Headquarters at our county town, but 
we venture to affirm that they honored themselves not less than 
the people of German Valley, by being so well represented upon 
this occasion. 

" We only voice the sentiment of every visitor, when we say 
that for once at least one of the smallest of our country villages 
has " set the pace" in celebrations for the rest of the county. 
The tasteful decorations of the Stephens Steam Heater Company 
and of the store of Lyman Kice are worthy of special notice. 
The colored lights on Mr. Naughright's residence produced a 
very pretty effect at night. We noticed the presence of the 
Hon. H. O. Marsh, President of the National Iron Bank, of 
Morristown, of the Rev. Wynant Vanderpool, rector of St. 
Peter's Episcopal Church at Morristown, also of G. G. Kip, Mr. 

The Celebration 5 

Ford, P. H. Hoffman and W. Ogden Wheeler of the same place. 
Mr. Fred. H. Beach and Mr. Fred. A. Canfield, of Dover, were 
also present. Rev. William M. Wells and his elder Hiram 
Fisher, from the United First Church, of Amwell ; Rev. B. V. 
D. Wyckoff and Mr. Schomp from Readington ; Rev. T. E. 
Davis, of Bound Brook ; Rev. I. Alstyne Blauvelt, of Roselle ; 
Rev. J. H. Scofield, of Mt. Olive ; Rev. James R. Gibson, of 
Califon ; Rev. William Stout, of Flanders, and many others we 
noticed among the visitors. The special train from Rockaway 
brought many visitors among whom were Edmund D. Halsey 
and Rev. Dr. Stoddard." 

The Morris County Journal and The Jerseyman both had 
very flattering notices of the Celebration, and all accounts 
seemed to agree in pronouncing the occasion one of great inter- 
est and a most successful commemoration of truly memorable 

A most pleasing feature of the occasion was a very beautiful 
souvenir, containing photo-engravings of some of the former 
pastors of both churches, and also of the old Union Church, 
which was erected more than one hundred years ago. It also 
contained a brief but comprehensive account of the early emi- 
gration from Germany into New Jersey and the character of 
the settlers, who thus added a new element to the already 
cosmopolitan population of the State. 

Invitations had been sent to officers of the Historical Socie- 
ties, to ministers, editors and many others. These invitations 
were neatly printed on card board and enclosed in envelopes to 
match. The names of the committee being found on the 
reverse side. 

Early Germans of New Jersey 
























h = "» 

r o " 








































The Celebration 7 



Hon. Jonathan W. Roberts, Presiding. 

Anthem "Wake Song of Jubilee" 


Rev. V. F. Bolton, Glen Gardner, N. J. 

Music " Wake, Songs of Gladness" 

Oration " Christopher Columbus, the First Emigrant" 

Rev. E. B. England, Chester, N. J. 

Music " Great God of Nations" 

Address "Obligations of Protestantism to Martin Luther" 

Rev. Theo. F. White, D. D. 

Chairmali of Committee on History of the Presbytery. 

Music " The Hand that Led Our Fathers Here" 

Address "Our German Forefathers" 

Rev. Talbot W. Chambers, D. D., LL. D. 

Senior Pastor Collegiate Reformed Dutch Church, N. T. 

Music " Praise Ye The Lord' 



Rev. William S. Delp, Presiding. 

Organ Voluntary— Anthem. . . " Praise the Lord O My Soul" 


Rev. James R. Gibson. 

Anthem "I Will Lift Mine Eyes" 

Address " The Moravians of New Jersey" 

Henry Race, M. D., 

Member of the New Jersey Historical Society. 

Anthem " O, Come Let Us Sing" 

Address " The Lutheran Church in New Jersey" 

Rev. Alfred Hiller, D. D., 

Professor in Hartwick Seminary, N. Y. 

Music " Ein Feste Burg" 

Address "The Germans and the Reformed Dutch Church" 

Rev. W. E. Davis, Lebanon, N. J. 

Anthem " Praise Ye The Lord" 

Address " The German Reformed Church in New Jersey" 

Rev. T. F. Chambers, 

Member of New Jersey Historical Society. 

Music " Selected ' 

8 Early Germans of New Jersey 


E. M. Bartles, Pres't, Rev.W. S. Delp.V. P. John Parker, 
L. Farrow, M. D. I. S. Vescelius, F. D. Stephens, 
Jacob W. Welsh, Jesse Weise, E. Willet, M. D., 
Jesse Hoffman, John Todd, J. V. Stryker, 
Anthony Trimmer, Isaac Dorland, L. R. Schoenheit, 
Silas Neighbour, Elias Buchanan, Andrew Axford, 
Hagar Trimmer, Fred. Sharp, William Dufford, 
Philip Welsh, M. T. Welsh, Henry Dufford, 
Isaac Roelofson, Elijah Dufford, M. M. Lindabury, 
C. B. Hendershot, James Anthony, Willard Apgar, 
Wm. S. Naughright, Daniel Swackhamer, John T. Naughright, 
W. N. Swackhamer, Lyman Kice, Sylvester Lake, 
Abner Dilts, Joseph Apgar, George Swackhamer, 

Rev. T. F. Chambers, Sec'y. 
COMMITTEE on music. 

F. D. Stephens, W. S. Naughright, I. S. Runyon, 
Theodore Van Nest, Jonathan Bartley, A. P. Down, 
E. J. Neighbour, William Dufford. 


Rev. T. F. Chambers, John Parker, Rev. W. S. Delp, 

L. L. Rosenkrans, C. B. Hendershot. 

committee on finance. 
Elias M. Bartles, Lyman Kice, L. Farrow, M. D. J. W. Welsh. 

committee on entertainment. 
M- T. Welsh, J. w. Willet, 

L. Richard Schoenheit, George McLean, 

E. D. Naughright, Stewart Neighbour. 


Miss Lillie Hager, Miss Annie Trimmer, 

Miss Luella Weise, Miss Edith Schoenheit, 

Mrs. Jesse Weise, Miss Lydia Runyon. 

Representative of Order of Odd Fellows, Rev. B. B. Collins. 
Representative of Knights of Pythias, Hon. W. S. Naughright. 
Representative of the Grand Army of the Republic, L. Richard 

The Celebration 9 

A very interesting feature of the celebration was not on the 
program. This was a most appropriate and welcome address 
from the Hon. H. W. Miller, President of the Morristown Sav- 
ings Bank. Mr. Miller was called upon on the opening of the- 
exercises in the afternoon to make some remarks in behalf of 
the Washington Association of New Jersey, which had sent a 
delegation of six prominent citizens of Morristown to represent 
them on this occasion. His address was as follows : 
Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen : 

I thank you for the privilege and honor conferred upon me 
to express for the Washington Association of New Jersey its 
appreciation of your courtesy in extending to it an invitation 
to be present to-day at this 180th anniversary of the settlement 
of New Jersey by the Germans, and the Sesqui-centennial of 
German Valley. 

We, who consider it our high privilege, as well as our sacred 
duty to guard and preserve the historic records and relics of 
the war that gave to us our glorious country, a country which 
is producing to-day the greatest achievements of human indus- 
try and thought, enlightening the whole globe and controlling 
the policies and markets of every nation, we feel that indeed 
we have a high duty to perform, and are encouraged and aided 
materially in this duty by the ceremonies so well conceived and 
carried out by you to-day, for the very creditable purpose you 
have in view. And what better object can we have to call us 
together, as we have been on this occasion, than that of pre- 
serving the history of those periods of our country's life when 
she was in her infancy struggling for existence, and when her 
people were overflowing with patriotic devotion for her welfare. 
In coming here to-day we seem to have stepped within the 
boundaries of an enchanted circle, where, as in the Sargasso 
Sea, the winds and storms and currents are all quieted by a 
peaceful influence, and from whence are bred again the powers 
which give life and progress to the air, and energy to the world. 
For here in this peaceful valley, just outside of the maelstrom 
which swept so near its borders in the War of the Revolution, 
throwing off to it the heartrending and heartstirring fragments 
and again catching up the zeal and energy of the honest and 

io Early Germans of New Jersey 

noble spirits, dwelling in this beautiful valley and throwing 
them with new-born energy into the battle for liberty, we find 
still at this day, peacefully dwelling the same families, the same 
names, with the same honesty, zeal, religion and patriotism, 
ready to develop the same energy with equal earnestness, as in 
those trying times of old. 

It is with great respect to you, Mr. President, and to the 
Committee, that I thank you in the name of the Washington 
Association of New Jersey for your courtesy extended to us, 
and I regret exceedingly the absence of our distinguished 
President, not only for his own sake, but because he would 
express the mind of the Association in far better words than I 
am able to do. 

May I in my own behalf express my heartfelt gratitude for 
the privilege of addressing you in these few words, unworthy 
as the}- are, on this occasion, and on this spot, where my ances- 
tors soon after their arrival in their new country settled and 
lived, and where my father, so much honored by you, was born, 
and where he received in his boyhood those teachings of hon- 
esty and patriotism, which he never forgot, and which by 
example and precept he sought to use for the benefit of his 
fellow countrymen. 




[AUL, the Apostle, in his epistle to the 
Ephesians, speaking of the work of the 
Lord Jesus in breaking down the wall of 
partition between Jews and Gentiles, said 
it was for the purpose of making " of the 
twain one new man," better, far better 
than either was before the reconciliation. 
Applying this procedure on a lower scale, many have supposed 
that a similar result would follow from the mixed population of 
our own country. The ancient Athenians used with pride to call 
themselves autochthones, sprung from the soil of Attica and un- 
contaminated by the intermixture of an alien race. We can make 
no such boast, nor do we desire to. Our people are descended 
from a number of nationalities. We count among them English, 
Scotch and Irish, Hollanders and Walloons.Huguenots of France, 
and Germans from the Rhine and the Palatinate, together with a 
few from Scandinavia and from the shores of the Mediterranean. 
Each of these for a time kept separate, but commerce, trade and 
alliances of every sort overcame the natural influence of dif- 
ferent languages, customs and prejudices until the fusion was 
made complete by the common trials and triumphs of the war 
of the Revolution. Hence it has been claimed that in the new 

i2 Early Germans or New Jersey 

world and under the influence of free institutions there has been 
developed a peculiar type of humanity, blending in itself the 
better traits of each of the races from which it was derived. 

Supposing this to be true it may justly be asserted that 
among these elements composing the American people, a high 
place must be assigned that which came from Germany, a coun- 
try which from the earliest period has maintained a definite 
and strongly marked character. We are fortunate in having 
from the pen of the great Roman historian, Tacitus, an account 
which gives authentic information of the tribes who eighteen 
centuries ago held the region from the marches of Brandenburg 
to the Rhine. They were turbulent and adventurous nomads 
who wandered through the interminable forests, which covered 
the whole region, and, while their religion was mainly one of 
fear and their culture very limited, they had some noble 
instincts, and were distinguished for their respect for woman, 
their reverence for all family relations, and their love of per- 
sonal liberty and independence. This last mentioned charac- 
teristic made them a marked exception to the general fate of 
European tribes, in that they never fell a prey to the Roman 
arms. Northern Italy, Gaul, Switzerland, Spain and Britain 
were in succession brought under the sway of Rome, but Ger- 
many never. The attempt was often made but without success, 
and shortly before our era Varus, at the head of the flower of 
the Imperial soldiery, sustained a most disastrous defeat. The 
loss was so great that it is said the Emperor Augustus tore his 
hair in anguish and cried out, " Varus, Varus, give me back my 
legions !" The leader of the Germans in this conflict was 
Hermann, or, as the Romans called him, Arminius, and his 
fame is perpetuated by a gigantic statue erected on the battle 
field near the town of Detmold. Rome made further efforts at 
subjugation, but success, when attained, was only temporary, 
and soon it became settled that the Danube was the northern 
boundary of the Empire. The independence of foreign control 
thus attained by Germany was retained all through our era, the 
country being sub-divided into numerous smaller provinces, 
each having its own ruler. These were not consolidated into a. 
homogeneous empire until the latter part of our own century. 

Our German Forefathers 13 

The emigrants who came to America in the last century were 
mainly from the southern part of Germany, and they settled in 
different States or Colonies from the Mohawk to the Savannah, 
the largest single body settling in Eastern and Central Penn- 
sylvania. They brought with them their ancestral traits. Their 
valor was shown in the war of the Revolution under the lead of 
such men as Steuben, Herkimer and Muhlenberg. Nor did it 
fail to appear in the war with Mexico, nor in the longer conflict 
for the preservation of the Union. 

They were distinguished for their industry and thrift, being 
mainly engaged in agriculture, and sometimes have been under- 
valued as inferior to other elements of the population. But the 
homebred virtues by which they were distinguished, their peace- 
ful and law-abiding character, and their orderly conduct made 
them a constituent part of the nation's strength and security. 
In intelligence and culture they fell below their neighbors, the 
Low Dutch or Hollanders, among whom reading and writing 
were as universally diffused two centuries ago as they are now 
any where. The reason is plain. The Low countries had the 
advantage of a large and varied commerce by sea, a rich devel- 
opment of the fine and mechanic arts, and a feudal system 
greatly modified by circumstances, whereas Germany was 
devastated by the thirty years war (1618-1648), terminated 
only by the Peace of Westphalia. We groaned under the four 
year's war of the Rebellion, but for more than seven times that 
period huge armies swept over the plains of Germany, cities 
were taken by storm (Magdeburg) when every man was slain 
and every woman outraged, the population was more than 
decimated, and fertile fields turned into a wilderness. So great 
was the scourge that it is said that even now after the lapse of 
centuries its track can be distinctly traced. Inter arma leges 
[et literae\ silent. In the struggle for existence education was 
neglected. And the German emigrants brought with them only 
those elements of culture that are inseparably bound up with 
the Protestant faith. How important these were is shown by 
the fact that a German Bible was printed in our country forty 
years before an English Bible was put to press. 

As to religion the emigrants usually brought their ministers 

14 Early Germans of New jersey 

with them and soon erected their houses of worship. In other 
cases their wants were supplied through the kind offices of 
Holland where the classes of Amsterdam was the medium of 
communication with the Fatherland. Nor were they slow to 
avail themselves of other means of supplying their needs. I 
remember seeing in some of the old records of the church 
[Collegiate Reformed Dutch Church] I serve an account of some 
Germans living twenty miles north of Philadelphia, who being 
without a minister and having among them a lay catechist, the 
son of an organist at Wurms, who could instruct their young 
and baptize their children, sent to the Dutch of New York an 
earnest request to give this man orders so that he could serve 
their necessities. Their request was granted. 

Along with religion there went a high tone of morality. The 
people lacked the enterprise of other communities, but they also 
lacked the taste for wanton speculation which so often proves 
an ignis fatuus leading to disaster and ruin. They cultivated 
contentment with the allotments of Providence. They practiced 
honesty not only as the best policy but as indispensable to 
peace of mind. They rendered obedience to the law of the land 
as a duty they owed to God. Their love of country was both a 
passion and a principle. And so the} 7 lived, a peaceful, orderly, 
God-fearing people, making slow but sure progress in all that 
belongs to civic prosperity. 

Hence the propriety of recalling what the)* were and what 
they did, and the great usefulness of such a celebration as is 
held to-day; an observance to which the people have responded 
in such numbers and with such heartiness. There is great ad- 
vantage as well as propriety in rescuing from oblivion or 
neglect the character of those from whom we trace our descent. 
As Lord Macaulay says, " It is a sentiment which belongs to 
the higher and purer part of human nature and which adds no 
little to the strength of states. A people which takes no pride 
in the noble achievements of remote ancestors will never 
achieve anything worthy to be remembered with pride by 
remote descendants." But a higher authority than the great 
English historian, even the Book of Books, has said, " The 
glory of children are their fathers." Since we have such an 

Our German Forefathers. 


ancestry, so patient and virtuous and faithful, let us strive to 
preserve and perpetuate their memory. Nay more. The ser- 
vices of this day, interesting and appropriate as they have been, 
will surely be but an empty formality if they do not stimulate 
alike the old and the young to cherish the recollection of our 
forefathers and to exemplify the diligence, thrift, integrity, 
loyalty, valor, domestic virtue and obedience to law which 
characterized them from first to last. The most of them came 
to the shores of the new world as refugees from a bitter and 
remorseless persecution. The Palatines and the Salzburgers 
stand high on the page of history as confessors of Christ who 
were driven from country, home and friends because they 
would not renounce the faith. We in this land of perfect 
religious liberty have no such trial to endure, and therefore the 
more should we venerate the brave men, women and children 
who set such a bright example of holy living and immutable 




••^^J^ORAVIAN history in its earliest periods is 
somewhat obscure. It can be traced back 
to 1457 as one of the religious movements 
that followed the martyrdom of John 
Huss by the Council of Constance. They 
originated in Bohemia, and were at first 
called Bohemian Brethren. They were 
pTous people who repudiated the practices of the Roman Cath- 
olic Church and worshipped God in simple fashion in quiet 
meetings for prayer and reading of the Scriptures, and called 
themselves Brethren. They were not communists, but held that 
the rich should give of their wealth to the poor and that 
Christians should live as nearly as possible like the apostolic 
community at Jerusalem. In 1467 they constituted themselves 
into a church separate from that of the government. They 
steadily increased, and in the early part of the sixteenth century 
they included four hundred congregations and a hundred and 
fifty thousand members in Bohemia and Moravia. The terrible 
persecutions which followed the unsuccessful attempt at revo- 
lution crushed the Protestantism of Bohemia and in 1627 the 
Evangelical Church had ceased to exist. 

A few families in Moravia held religious services in secret 
and preserved the traditions of their fathers. In 1722 some of 
them, led by Christian David, left their homes and property to 

The Moravians of New Jersey 17 

seek a place where they could worship God in freedom. The 
first company settled, by invitation of Count Zinzendorf, on his 
estate at Bertholdorp in Saxony. They were soon joined by 
others and built the town of Hernhut. Refugees came there 
from the villages and towns of Fulneck, Gersdorf, Gedersdorf, 
Kloten, Klandorf, Stechwalde, Seitendorf and Zauchtenthal, and 
were instrumental in the renewal of their organization. Their 
Episcopate had been continued, and in 1735 David Nitschman 
was consecrated first Bishop of the Renewed Moravian Church. 
Zinzendorf. with his wife and family and chaplain came to live 
among them, and they adopted a code of rules and ordained 
twelve elders to do pastoral work. 

The Moravian Church has no formal creed, but holds that 
Scripture is the only rule of faith and practice. The Bohemian 
catechism, written by Bishop Luke, of Prague, in 152 1, compris- 
ing 76 questions and answers, and entitled " Christian Instruc- 
tion in the Faith for Little Children," corresponds generally 
with the fundamental tenets of the Protestant Evangelical 

Their settlements were co-operative, and had for their ob- 
ject the support of their Ministry and Missions. The members 
mutually contributed their individual labor for the common 
cause and lived collectively as one family. The surrender of 
personal or private property was not required as a condition of 

It was from Hernhut that the Moravian Church sent out her 
first Evangelists and religious teachers, into the other States of 
Germany and the Continent, and into Great Britain and her 
American Colonies. 

In 1735 a Moravian settlement was undertaken at Savannah 
in Georgia Five years afterwards it was relinquished and 
most of its members migrated to Pennsylvania where more 
successful enterprises were inaugurated. Settlements were 
made at Bethlehem, Nazareth and Lititz in what, later, became 
Northampton County. Of these the first named was instituted 
by Count Zinzendorf who gave the name of Bethlehem to the 
place, while celebrating the vigils of Christmas Eve in the soli- 
tary log dwelling which had been erected. The Bethlehem 

18 Early Germans of New Jersey 

tract consisted of 500 acres of land situated at the confluence of 
the Monocasy Creek with the Lehigh. It was bought April 2d, 
1 741, of William Allen, of Philadelphia, by Henry Antes as 
agent of the Moravians. It was part of a section which the 
Delaware Indians called Welagamika, rich soil. 

In 1741 a company of immigrants.encouraged by the renowned 
•evangelist, Rev. George Whitefield, and under the superin- 
tendence of the Moravian Bishop, Nitschman, set out from 
Philadelphia and found their way through the intervening 
forests to the new settlement. Year after year it grew. 

Accessions came from the Fetter Lane Society in London, 
from Germany, Holland and other places on the Continent. 
The archives at Bethlehem show that in the first fifty years of 
the settlement 800 Moravians immigrated there from Europe ; 
614 children were born ; 625 persons were buried in the church 
grounds ; 150 white adults and 125 Indians and Negroes were 
baptized ; and 134 persons ordained to the Ministry ; namely, 
5 Bishops, 27 Priests and 102 Deacons. 

The head men of the denomination resided there, men of 
devoted piety, who had consecrated their lives to the service of 
their Lord and Saviour, and in obedience to His last command 
to His disciples they labored as Missionaries in destitute settle- 
ments in nearly all the thirteen Colonies, and among the 
benighted Indians. The expressive device of their Episcopal 
seal was a Lamb with a Banner. 

Many distinguished visitors from different parts of the coun- 
try were attracted to Bethlehem, some of whom were George 
"Washington, Gen. Horatio Gates, the Marquis de LaFayette 
and other Generals of the Revolution ; John Hancock, Samuel 
Adams, James Duane, Richard Henry Lee, William Duer, 
Henry Laurens, Benjamin Harrison, John Adams, Henry 
Marchant, William Williams and other members of the Conti- 
nental Congress came and participated in the worship as con- 
ducted by Bishop Etwein. 

In August, 1742, Count Zinzendorf made a transit through 
the upper valley of the Delaware, and was followed by Mis- 
sionaries from Bethlehem. Soon after, the settlers in Walpack 
•and the region drained by the Paulin's Kill in Sussex, now 

The Moravians of New Jersey 19 

Warren County, New Jersey, applied to the Moravians for a 
school and for the Gospel Ministry. A church and parsonage 
were erected for the use of the Evangelists, on the Broadhead 
settlement in Walpack and dedicated to the worship of God by 
Rev. Abraham Reincke in May, 1753. They were burned by 
the Indians in December, 1755, aQ d the mission was abandoned. 

In the more Southern Counties of New Jersey the Society 
had regular preaching stations at Maurice River, Penn's Neck, 
Raccoon, Cohansey, Middletown, Trenton, Maidenhead, Cross- 
wicks, Cranberry and Princeton. 

In January, 1743, Paul Daniel Bryzelius was ordained to the 
Ministry by Bishop David Nitschman and sent by Zinzendorf 
to preach the Gospel to the descendants of the early Swedish 
settlers at Maurice River, Piles Grove, Narraticon and Penn's 
Neck. His Ministerial services were not approvingly received 
by the Swedish Lutherans, who were in the majority, and they 
closed the doors of their churches against him and compelled 
his withdrawal. 

After the Moravians had established their settlement at 
Bethlehem, Pa., some of their members passed, occasionally, 
through New Jersey for the purpose of preaching the Gospel 
to the Indians of New York and New England. These Mis- 
sionaries, and Indian converts who accompanied them, were 
-often entertained on these journeys by Samuel Green and his 
wife Anna Abigail, who lived in a log house where the village 
of Hope, Warren County, is now situated. The Moravian 
Ministers, Bruce Shaw, Joseph Powell and others, in passing, 
preached at their house. They were both baptized at Bethle- 
hem by the Revs. Nathaniel Leidel and John F. Cammerhoff ; 
they also had their children baptized and placed in the 
Moravian school to be educated. 

During the French and Indian War they went to Bethle- 
hem for shelter, and lived for a time at Emaus, near that place. 
So great was their attachment to the Moravian brethren and 
so paramount their religious principles, that, in 1768, Mr. Green 
went to Bethlehem and offered them all the land comprised in 
the tract on which he lived, for the purpose of establishing a 
settlement at that place similar to the one at Bethlehem. After 

20 Early Germans of New Jersey 

consideration the brethren declined this generous offer because 
of regard for the interests of Mr. Green's children, who in 
their opinion would be wronged by their acceptance of the land 
as a gift. They purchased the tract for j£i,ooo cash, with the 
full consent of his two sons ; Green's house and garden, fire- 
wood and hay for two cows, weTe reserved for him and his 
family during their life time. 

Samuel Green was the eldest son of Samuel Green, senior, 
a. deputy surveyor, who filled various official positions in 
Amwell, Hunterdon County, and removed to Sussex in, or 
shortly previous to 1738. He is recorded that year as a voter 
in Greenwich township, which at that time was in Hunterdon, 
now in Warren County. In the latter part of his life he settled 
near Johnsonsburg, formerly called the Log Jail, at one time 
the County Seat of Sussex. 

In the Secretary- of State's office at Trenton, and also in the 
Moravian Archives at Bethlehem, Pa., is recorded a deed of 
conveyance of 500 acres of land from Benjamin Harris to 
Edward Kemp, dated March 26th, 17 18. This same tract was 
conveyed, December ist k 1754, by Samuel Green, senior, to 
" Samuel Green, junior, heir apparent of said Edward Kemp." 
This implies that the wife of Samuel Green, senior, was the 
daughter of Edward Kemp, and her eldest son, Samuel Green, 
junior, by the law of primogeniture then in force, was heir 
apparent of Edward Kemp, he having no male issue. 

He, Samuel Green, junior, was born in, or near, 1705. There 
is no record of his birthplace, but, presumably, it was Amwell, 
Hunterdon County. He married, in 1740, Anna Abigail, 
daughter of Marmaduke Light, of Springfield, N. J. The 
Light or Licht, now Lick family, of Lebanon, Pa., are Morav- 
ians. Mr. Lick, who endowed the University in California 
which bears his name, is of that family, and was born in 
Lebanon County. That Mrs. Green was related to that family 
is probable, but not certain. 

In 17*9, Peter Warbas and family, the first settlers from 
Bethlehem, removed to the new settlement in Sussex County, 
and were entertained by Mr. and Mrs. Green, until their bouse, 
a log Wilding, was erected. The next year, 177c, a Souring 

Th* Moravians op New Jerssy 21 

mill was built. In May of that year the place was visited by 
the brethren Christian Gregor, John Loretz and Hans Christian 
von Schweinitz, members of the Provincial Helpers' Conference, 
residing at Bethlehem, who gave the name Greenland to the 
new place. 

In 1 77 1, Frederick Leinbach became manager, and opened 
a store for the accommodation of the settlement. Daniel 
Hauser had charge of the mill and Frederick Rauchenberger 
was Leinbach's assistant on the farm. In 1773, Frederick Blum 
commenced a tannery; in 1780, a saw mill was erected; in '83, a 
pottery; and in '91, an oil mill on the premises of the settlement. 

The church edifice, a large stone building, was erected in 
1 781. The following is a translation of a paper deposited under 
the corner stone: " In the year of our Lord Jesus Christ one 
thousand seven hundred eighty-one, the 2d day of April, this 
corner stone was laid in the name of God the Father, and the 
Son, and the Holy Ghost, by the Right Reverend John Fred- 
erick Reichel, Bishop of the Brethren's Church, and. at present 
visitator from the Elders' Conference of the Unity, to the 
Brethren's congregations in" America, for a house of God, 
wherein the gospel of Jesus Christ shall be preached in purity, 
the Holy Sacraments administered and the congregation inhab- 
iting this place have their daily meetings, according to the 
rules, customs and usages of the Brethren's Church, of which 
this congregation is a small twig and new branch lately planted 
by the Brethren's congregation at Bethlehem, in Pennsylvania, 
to be a candlestick with a burning and shining light for this 
part of the country. This building was resolved upon and 
undertaken in a calamitous time, it being the sixth year of 
unhappy war between Great Britain and this continent. 

"The watchword of the Brethren's Church on this 2d of 
April, 1781, was : ' The earth shall be full of the knowledge of 
the Lord as the waters cover the sea.' — Isaiah XI ; 9. 

"And the doctrinal text ; 'When the fullness of time was 
come, God sent forth his son, made of a woman, made under 
the law to redeem them that were under the law, that we 
might receive the adoption of sons.' 

"The present Elders' Conference or Board of Directors of 

22 Early Germans of New Jersey 

the Brethren's Church, appointed by the last General Synod, 

held at Barby, in Saxony, 1775, a:a ^ residing at said Barby, 

consists of the following brethren : 

Joseph Spangenberg, Frederick Rudolph von Watteville, 

John von Watteville, John Frederick Reichel, Joachim Henry 

Andresen, John Lorez, Peter Conrad Fries, Christian Gregor, 

Abraham von Gersdorff, Henry the XXXIII, Count Reuss, 

John Frederick Roeber, John Christian Quandt, Ernst William 

von Wobeser. 

" The present Provincial Helpers' Conference residing at 

Bethlehem, consists of the following brethren : Nathaniel 

Seidel, Episcopus Fratrum. 

John Etwein, Matthew Hehl, Andrew Huebner, Hans 

Christian von Schweinitz Paul Muenster, Franz Christian Laubke. 
"The following is a list of the inhabitants and first settlers 

present at the dedication : 

Joseph Neiser and Rosina, his wife, (pastor); Frederick and 

Mary Leinbach, Joseph and Dorothea Huber, Daniel and 
Elizabeth Hauser, Henry and Margareth Schemer, Ephraim 
and Magdalena Colver, Louisa Partser, widow ; Hiram and 
Magdalena Demuth, Ann Abigail Green, widow ; Frederick 
and Catharine Blum, Henry Blum, Frederick and Ann Rauchen- 
berger, Samuel Schulze, Stephen and Ann Niclas, Christian 
Loesch, Adolph and Catharine Hartmann, Thomas Bulton, 
Martin and Ann Mary Schenke, Philip Hortman, Jacob and 
Ann Mary Schneider." 

The first year after the commencement of the settlement 
Bishop Etwein frequently preached there, both in German and 
English, and administered the sacraments. In 1771, Brother 
Jacob Schwick was appointed minister ; in '73 he was succeeded 
by Brother Francis Boehler ; and in '74 by Brother David 
Sydrick. The latter part of the year Bishop Etwein officiated ; 
in May, '75, Brother Joseph Neisser was appointed. From 
November, '79, till March, '80, Bishop Etwein again took tem- 
porary charge, preaching in English every two weeks. In '82, 
Brother Joseph Neisser was again, appointed ; in '84, he was 
succeeded by Brother Meder ; in '87, by Brother Lewis F. 
Boehler ; in '95, by Brother Abraham Reinke ; in 1803, by 

The Moravians of New Jersey 23 

Brother Lewis Stohle, and in 1807, again by Brother Meder. 

On the 25th and 26th of November, 1774, the site of the 
settlement at Greenland was surveyed and a town laid out by 
the Brethren Nathaniel Seidel, John Etwein, Hans Christian 
von Schweinitz and the surveyor, J. W. Golgosky. On the 8th 
of February of the following year it was decided, by lot, to call 
the name of the place Hope. 

In June, 1777, Hon. William Ellery, of Rhode Island, a 
signer of the Declaration of Independence and a member of 
Congress, from '76 to '85, and Hon. William Whipple, also a 
signer of the Declaration, a general in the Revolution and a 
member of Congress in '76, passed through the town. In their 
diary they wrote : "In our way to the next stage we stop'd at 
a little Moravian settlement called Hope, consisting of five or 
six private houses, some mechanics' shops, a merchant's store 
and one of the finest and most curious mills in America. All 
the Moravian buildings are strong, neat and compact and very 
generally made of stone." 

In 1778, Gen. du Chastellux, of La Fayette's staff, passed 
through the town. In his published journal he describes the 
mill at some length : " I set out the 8th a little before nine, 
the weather being extremely cold and the roads covered with 
snow and ice ; but on quitting the ridge and turning towards 
the west, by descending from the high mountains to lower 
ground we found the temperature more mild and the earth 
entirely free. We arrived at half-past eleven at the Moravian 
Mill, and on stopping at Mr. Colver's, found that Mr. Poops 
had announced our coming, and that breakfast was prepared 
for us. This fresh attention on his part encouraged me to 
accept his offer for the evening. As soon as we had break- 
fasted, Mr. Colver, who had treated us with an anxietv and 
respect, more German than American, served us by way of 
conductor and led us first to see the saw mill, which is the most 
beautiful and the best contrived I ever saw. A single man, 
only, is necessary to direct the work ; the same wheels which 
keep the saw in motion serve also to convey the trunks of trees 
from the spot where they are deposited to the work house, a 
distance of 25 or 30 toises ; they are placed on a sledge, which, 

24 Early Germans of New Jersey 

sliding in a groove, is drawn by a rope, which rolls and unrolls 
on the axis of the wheel itself. Planks are sold at six shillings, 
Pennsylvania currency, (about three shillings four pence, 
sterling,) the hundred ; if you find the wood it is only half the 
money, and the plank in that case is sawed for one farthing 
per foot. This mill is near the fall of a lake (mill pond?), 
which furnishes it water. A deep cut is made in a rock to form 
a canal for conducting the waters to the corn mill, which is 
built within musket shot of the former ; it is very handsome, 
and on the same plan as that of Mrs. Bowling at Petersburg, 
but not so large. From the mill I went to the church, which is 
a square building, containing the house of the minister. The 
place where the duty is performed, and which may properly be 
called the church, is on the first floor and resembles the Pres- 
byterian meeting houses, with the difference that there is an 
organ and some religious pictures." — Travels in North America, 
ijio — '82, p. jot, et seq. 

On July 25, 1782, Gen. Washington and two aides without 
escort, rode from Philadelphia to Bethlehem, where he passed 
the night. The next morning, escorted by the Moravian cler- 
gyman, John Etwein, he left Bethlehem, passing by way of 
Easton, and arrived at Hope in time for dinner. Etwein rode 
on ahead to notify the Moravians of the General's coming so 
that they might prepare suitable entertainment. At Hope 
Etwein parted from the General who continued on his journey 
to his headquarters at Newberg. 

In 1790 the number belonging to the congregation at Hope 
was 147, of whom 66 were communicants ; 100 lived in town, 
and 47 in the vicinity. From this time the membership steadily 
decreased. On the 26th of May, 1807, it was announced that 
the church authorities had decided to break up the establish- 
ment at Hope and sell the property. This measure was 
necessary on account of the precarious financial condition of 
the settlement. On Easter Sunday, April 17th, 1808, the last 
sermon was preached, and, with the evening service of that 
day, the existence of the congregation terminated. Its mem- 
bers removed to Bethlehem and other settlements and the prop- 
erty was sold to Messrs. Kraemer and Horn, of Pennsylvania. 



»N PLACE of the historical address usual 
upon such occasions a small book was 
issued as a souvenir. This consisted of 
twelve pages containing a condensed ac- 
count of historical reasons for the cele- 
bration, and also thirteen photo-engrav- 
ings of former pastors and of three 
prominent speakers, who took part in the exercises of the 
day. The following is simply an enlargement of the same : 

Formerly the usual explanation of the settlement of Ger- 
man Valley was that first published by Rupp in his work con- 
taining a list of thirty thousand names of German immigrants 
into Pennsylvania. This was as follows : " The period from 
1702-1727 marks an era in the early German emigration. 
Between forty and fifty thousand left their native country — 
their hearths where soft affections dwell. The unparalleled 
ravages and desolations by the troops of Louis XIV, under 
Turenne, were the stern prelude of bloody persecutions. To 
escape the bloody persecutions awaiting them, German and 
other protestants emigrated to the English colonies in America. 
"In 1705 a number of German Reformed residing between 
Wolfenbuettel and Halberstadt, fled to Neuwied, a town of 
Rhenish Prussia, where they remained some time and then 
went to Holland, there embarked in 1707 for New York. 
Their frail ship was by reason of adverse winds carried into 
the Delaware Bay. Determined, however, to reach the place 
for which they were destined, to have a home among the 

26 Early German* of New Jersey. 

Dutch, they took the overland route from Philadelphia to New- 
York. On entering the fertile, charming Valley in Nova 
Csesaria, New Jersey, which is drained by the meandering 
Musconetcong, the Passaic and their tributaries, and having 
reached a goodly land, they resolved to remain in what is now 
known as the German Valley of Morrison (Morris) county. 
From this point the Germans have spread into Somerset, 
Bergen and Essex counties." He continues : "At Elizabeth- 
town, where the first English settlement was made in New 
Jersey, 1664, there were many Germans prior to 1730. There 
was also a German settlement at a place known as Hall Mill, 
which is some thirty miles from Philadelphia." 

He quotes also from Bard's Religious America, p. 81, the 
following : 

"A well supported tradition maintains that a Polish colony, 
consisting of two hundred protestants, settled in the early part 
of the eighteenth century, in the valleys of the Passaic and 
Raritan rivers in New Jersey. They were led by Count 
Sobieski, a lineal descendant of the wide-world-known John 
Sobieski, King of Poland, who routed the Tartars and Turks 
in 1683. The name Zabriskie, still found in New Jersey and 
New York, seems to be corrupted from Sobieski." 

This explanation of the settlement by the Germans of this 
part of New Jersey is evidently only partly true. Of course, 
there may have been emigrants from Germany who fled to 
England as early as 1705, and these may have sailed for New 
York and been turned aside to Philadelphia in the year 1708 or 
1709 ; but no authority is given for the story, and it receives 
no support from any records of land transfers or of family 

Two important and decisive historical events form the 
starting points for our history of the Germans in New Jersey. 
One is the first act of service of the first German Lutheran 
pastor in this State. This was on August 1, 1714, "at the 
house of Ari de Guinea" [Harry from Guinea, a Christian 
negro], "on the Raritans," at which time a child was baptized 
who had been born March 25. As it is very likely that the 
parents of this child, John Peter Appelman and Anna Mag- 

The German Emigration 27- 

dalena, had come at least a few months previously into the 
State, we select the year 17 13 as the most probable beginning 
of our history. The other event of special interest was the 
first religious service in German Valley. 

According to the letter addressed to Michael Schlatter in 
1747 by the people of Fox Hill, Lebanon and Am well, this 
had taken place three or four years previously, or in 1743- 
Thus we feel entitled to celebrate in 1893 the one hundred 
and eightieth anniversary of the settlement of New Jersey by 
the Germans and the sesqui-centennial or the one hundred and 
fiftieth of that of German Valley. 

We might also add another interesting date, viz., 1731, when 
the first German Lutheran Church in New Jersey was opened 
for worship. This church was located in the small hamlet now 
called Potterstown, about a mile east of Lebanon. 

The records to which we have referred also enable us to 
trace the first emigrants to the very place and time of their 
arrival in this country, for we find on the list of baptisms, mar- 
riages and church members of the First Lutheran Church of 
New York a number of names, located in New Jersey, of those 
who came to New York in 17 10. For, strange to say, the 
parish of Rev. Justus Falckner, the Lutheran pastor, who 
began his ministry in New York City in 1703, extended from 
Albany, in York State, to the Upper Raritan region or Hunter- 
don county in New Jersey. From 1703 to 17 14 there are no 
intimations of any services rendered to any but Holland 
Lutherans in this State. These belong to the region of 
Hackensack, in Bergen county. In South Jersey there were, 
indeed, some families of German descent, who had come 
with the Swedes long before 1700, but they spoke the Swedish 
language, and their identity has been almost completely 
swallowed up in that of the predominant race. 

Having found that our first settlers were among those who 
were sent over from London by Queen Anne in the second 
emigration of 17 10, we have opened to us a most inviting 
and extensive field of research. 

Without pretending to enter at any length upon the 
questions connected with the settlement of Newberg and of 

28 Early Germans or New Jersey 

the valleys of the Mohawk and Hudson rivers, we cannot 
properly omit some brief account of the stream of history 
which, starting in the Palatinate, rose so rapidly and spread so 
widely when it passed through London and finally reached 
these shores. This most unprecedented volume of emigration 
from one country is the more remarkable from the appalling 
difficulties in the way of ocean travel. In the first place, the 
cost of a voyage from Rotterdam to Philadelphia was three 
hundred and fifty dollars in copper coin [Acrelius, Hist, of New 
Sweden, p. 146]. And as very many, if not most of the emi- 
grants, were too poor to pay this sum, they were required to 
sell their time for three, four or five years to the captain in 
payment of their transportation. The poor emigrants thus 
became mere articles of merchandise, and were often treated 
accordingly. Being entirely at the mercy of heartless captains, 
who were not apt to learn compassion by this form of specula- 
tion in human beings, the poor emigrant rarely enjoyed on 
shipboard any but the most miserable accommodations and 
most insufficient food. Nearly all the horrors of the "middle 
passage " in the later times of negro slavery were fully antici- 
pated. With the slow progress of sailing vessels often be- 
calmed or driven out of their course the passage over was 
sometimes prolonged to the period of ten months, and was 
seldom less than three or four. Closely packed together in 
over-crowded vessels with the narrowest accommodations, the 
frequent scarcity of food and water was generally the source 
of diseases, which became contagious, and death was sure then 
to reap an abundant harvest. The surgeon of one vessel re- 
ported that there were 330 sick on board at one time. 

When at last the welcome sight of land greeted the weary 
eyes of the weakened and emaciated traveler, he could hardly 
have anticipated the sad lot which often awaited him, and 
which in many cases turned the land of promise into one of 

Children were torn from the arms of parents, never to be 
heard of again. Brothers and sisters were scattered often in 
different colonies and remained separated for years, and some- 
times for life. In some cases these bond-servants soon earned 

The Germam Emigration 29 

their freedom, but they often succumbed to work beyond their 
strength or grew hopeless and despairing, and died of sheer 

But oppression and injustice were not inflicted upon indivi- 
duals only, for even a whole community, as in the case of the 
settlers upon Livingston Manor, were cheated and robbed in 
the most barefaced manner, and even by the aid of those in 
authority. Reports of these experiences were written home to 
Germany and could not fail of some effect upon others who 
were intending to follow the example of the first emigrants. 
But nevertheless, the tide of emigration still flowed on without 
ceasing, and ship followed ship in rapid succession bringing 
full cargoes of human freight to New York and the Carolinas, 
but principally to Philadelphia. 

A movement of population so general and persistent would 
seem to be an event whose causes were as powerful as its 
results were influential and lasting. Such, indeed, was the 
case. For nothing less than the material and political an- 
nihilation of Germany could explain as it does the voluntary 
expatriation almost all at one time of whole communities, 
moved by a common impulse such as could be only a mighty 
hope or a widespread despair. Indeed, as a matter of fact, the 
general feeling partook of both of these, but more largely of 
the latter. The cause of this state of mind is to be found in a 
course of events extending through the seventeenth century, 
but beginning more particularly with the Thirty Years' War in 
the year 16 18. 

Before this war Germany could compare favorably with any 
other European country for material prosperity,, aud the com- 
fort and intelligence of its inhabitants. The peasant was "on 
the whole comfortable, moderately intelligent, and obtained in 
Protestant districts, at least, a fairly good training in school 
and church. He had his house neatly furnished, he had a little 
hoard of savings in coin, and valuable cattle in the pasture or 
stall. But the Thirty Years' War annihilated all this prosper- 
ity, and it took two centuries afterward to bring the village 
population to the state of civilization they had already reached 
at the beginning. It was the peasants on whom the curse of 

30 Early Germans of New Jersey 

the war fell. The villages were laid in ashes, the cattle de- 
stroyed, the tilled land went to waste ; corpses lay unburied ; 
the village dogs ran wild like packs of wolves ; and to the ruin 
directly caused by the war were added the miseries of famine 
and pestilence. During the second half of the war a Swedish 
general refused to take his army from Pomerania to South 
Germany, because the desert country between them would 
cause him greater loss than the most bloody defeat. In those 
days the mere occupancy of a city for a week by an invading 
army would often work wider ruin than a modern bombard- 
ment. License and plunder were universal. When a city was 
besieged, the neighboring country was first ravaged, and fugi- 
tives innumerable fled within the walls, so that famine almost 
invariably came with them, and pestilence soon after. The 
horrors of the siege of Jerusalem, so often thought incredible 
by readers of Josephus, were re-enacted in many a city of 
Central Europe among the contemporaries of Milton. The be- 
siegers of Nordlingen captured a tower on the wall ; the 
besieged fired it ; and when it fell into the city, famished 
women seized the half-burned corpses of the enemy, and car- 
ried away pieces to save their children from starvation. The 
woes of a stormed city, under the wild passions of the soldiery 
must be left to the imagination. The only pay the soldier 
received was the plunder he might accumulate. Making war 
became a trade and a class of men soon became very numerous 
who came from nearly every quarter of Europe to take their 
chances of success as soldiers of fortune under some renowned 
general. Thev cared not on which side they engaged. These 
men were generally the offscourings of different countries to 
whom a wandering life of unrestrained license and recklessness 
was the only life worth living. Accompanying the army was 
generally a miscellaneous rabble. The camp swarmed with 
the wives, mistresses and children of soldiers, with market 
women and wanderers. The Austrian and Bavarian army con- 
tained forty thousand men bearing arms and drawing soldiers' 
rations ; and beside a rabble of a hundred and forty thousand 
more, who had no rations, and could only be fed by plunder. 
(See History of Germany by Charlton T. Lewis, Chapter XIX). 

The German Emigration 31 

Such was war in the seventeenth century. And we must re- 
member that it was but little else than war the whole century 
through. Moreover whatever the cause of the war or the 
nations engaged in it, the battle ground for more or less of the 
time was always Germany. What wonder that the very tem- 
perament of the German race was changed and mirth and 
laughter almost ceased from among them. The first of our 
ancestors to arrive in this country came from regions that had 
learned war in all its bitterness. They themselves were born 
at a time when the air was filled with " war's rude alarms." Of 
those who came to New Jersey, having arrived in New York in 
1 7 10, the dates of birth are as early as 1656, and from that date 
to 1680. These therefore just escaped the Thirty- Years' War 
but experienced the severities hardly less terrible of the French 

The war of the Spanish succession brought the French again 
to the Palatinate and the city of Landau was made to suffer 
severely. From this place several families under their pastor 
Joshua von Kocherthal took their departure for England and 
reached London in March, 1708. They made application to 
Queen Anne for a free passage to America. This was granted 
and they were sent with Lord Lovelace, who had been appointed 
Governor of New York. The purpose the authorities had in 
view was twofold, viz., to use them to protect the frontiers from 
the Indians and secondly to take from Norway the trade in tar, 
turpentine and naval stores. Before their departure they were 
naturalized on August 25th, 1780. Pastor Kocherthal was 
granted the sum of 20 pounds sterling and 500 acres of land 
and provision was also made for the support of the others by 
gifts of land, seeds, agricultural tools and furniture, and the 
promise of support for one year. This band settled at New- 
burgh on the Hudson. The names of the heads of families 
were Lorenz Schwisser, Heinrich Rennau, Andreas Volk, 
Michael Weigandt, Jacob Weber, Jacob Plettel, Johannes 
Fischer, Melchior Guelch, Isaac Tuerk, Peter Rose, Maria 
Weimar (widow), Isaak Faber, Daniel Fiere and Hermann 
Schuneman. Only one of these was 52 years old and the rest 
were between 25 and 40. The most were vintners, others were 

32 Early Germans of New Jersey 

joiners, weavers, smiths, carpenters and stocking-makers. They 
landed in New York in October, 1708. They named their place 
of settlement Newberg, (sometimes called Quassaick) from the 
city of that name in the upper Palatinate. 

Kocherthal almost immediately returned to England in the 
summer of 1709 to secure better provisions for the support of 
his company. He obtained an audience with the Queen and 
with her encouragement went to Germany and returned with 
3,000 of his countrymen. This was more than were expected 
and the government were at a loss to know what to do with 
them. It was finally decided to undertake the production of 
tar and turpentine upon an extensive scale by means of these 
emigrants. In the meantime the arrivals of Germans, called 
Palatines, from the electorate whence they had come, continued. 
There were soon as many as 10, 12 or 30 thousand in England 
according to the different estimates of their number. 

Public aid and private charity were severely put to it to 
keep this immense number from starving. Word was quickly 
sent to the continent to head off this tide of immigration. 

Some of those encamped on the Blackheath near London 
were sent to Ireland, where they settled down and formed a 
prosperous community. Others were sent back home and 
others still became homeless wanderers over England. A band 
of 3,000 were chosen to send to America with Governor Hunter, 
who was to succeed the deceased Lord Lovelace as Governor 
of New York. This was the second emigration. Ten vessels 
were collected at Plymouth for their transportation. In the 
course of their embarking a boat load was overturned and 
drowned. The voyage was stormy and painful from the be- 
ginning. One vessel was driven back by a severe storm, which 
arose before they were out of sight of land. The whole num- 
ber suffered all the way over and a fatal disease finally broke 
out which consigned 470 of them to a watery grave. 

These vessels reached New York at various times from June 
14th, 1710, till some time in August. Their passengers were in 
a deplorable, sickly condition. They had embarked December 
29th, 1709, and their voyage had lasted six months. Seven 

The German Emigration 


hundred altogether had died on the way over and soon after 
they had landed. 

The authorities would not permit them to land at the city 
from fear of contagious diseases, and they were temporarily 
lodged on Nutten (now Governor's) Island. 

On the 24th of June the frigate, Herbert, with the tools, 
tents and arms, provided for the emigrants was cast away on 
Montauk Point, and the Berkeley Castle was still missing. On 
the 12 of July the Governor established courts of justice on 
Nutten Island for the government and protection of the Pala- 
tines and forbade exactions and extortions in the price of bread 
and provisions purchased by them. On the 20th an order of 
council provided for apprenticing such of the Palatine children 
as were orphans or whose parents were unable to support them. 
The boys were bound out until seventeen years old and the 
girls until fifteen. 

Fifteen hundred adults were sent a hundred miles up the 
Hudson and formed the settlements on both sides of the river, 
of East and West Camps, Haysberg, Annsberg and Queensberg. 


— **— 

Who They Were — Where They Settled, and Their Traits 
of Character. 

JVEN at the risk of being tedious, it would 
seem necessary to give several lists 
of names, which may give some idea of 
the number of the early Germans of 
New Jersey. An extensive list of those 
who arrived before the Revolution may- 
be compiled from several sources : First, 
the list of arrivals in New Amsterdam in the second emigration 
of 1 7 10, compared with the records of baptisms and marriages 
in New Jersey by the Rev. Justus Falckner ; second, the list of 
those naturalized by the General Assembly from 1730 to 1772, 
who were described as " those born under the Emperor of Ger- 
many and other princes in amity with the Crown of Great 

Next in order of time is the list of the lessees of the West 
Jersey Society lands in Hunterdon county in the year 1735. 
The land taken up by them in parcels of 100 or 200 acres 

The German Immigrants 35 

amounts to only 12 thousand acres, yet they included all who 
occupied the society lands (nearly all of what is now Hunterdon 
county) except the 10,000 acre tract of Cox and Kirkbride. 

The list of voters of Hunterdon county (including what are 
now Sussex, Warren and Morris counties) in 1738 affords us a 
few additional names. 

The signers to Rev. Albert Weygand's call in 1749 include 
every salary payer and are seventy-eight in number, to these 
we may add some additional names from the subscription list 
toward the building of a parsonage barn in 1754, and in 1756 
toward the erection of a church at Bedminster. 

In 1763 the estate was settled of the old German storekeeper 
at German Valley, John Peter Nitzer by name, and we obtain 
from his books 220 names, some of which would be otherwise 

The baptismal registers of German Valley, Lebanon, Alex- 
andria, New Germantown, Spruce Run, Stillwater, all begin 
about 1760 and increase the number of names. The records of 
wills and of property transfers, gravestones and family bibles, 
complete our sources of information. 

Those who arrived at New York in 1710 were : Johan Wm. 
Schneider, Johannes Lorentz, the widow Elisabeth Mueller, 
Hermanes Hoffman, Heinrich Schmidt, Michael Henneschid 
[Hendershot], John Peter ffucks [Fox], Simon Vogt, Johannes 
and Nicholas Jung [Young], Heironymus [Jerome] Klein, the 
widow A. Maria Cramer and Frantz Lucas. 

Before 1720 — Marcus Koenig, from the principality of Halber- 
stadt ; Laurens Ruloffson, from Copenhagen ; Balthazar Pickle 
and Gertrude Reiter, from the Graff schaft Hartenberg; probably 
at the same time, John Nicholas and Frantz Wilhelm Pickel, 
John Peter Appleman, Jacob Risch, Michael Smit, Johan Titel, 
John Parleman, Daniel Shumacher, Paul Braun, Andreas and 
Johannes Roos [or Rose], Johann Peter Voss, Christian Streydt 
and wife Maria Ursula, Michael Shurts and wife Elis., 
Johannes Jurgen Riemer and wife Elis., Matthias Reinhold and 
and wife Eva, Hermen Richiman and wife Maria Elis.; Johannes, 
Johan Jurgen and Peter Kastner, Martin Stein and wife 
Johanna Maria, Jurgen Puff, Pieter Poel and wife Anna Sophia. 

36 Early Germans of New Jersey 

The other list of names will be given in full in the appen- 

As the Germans were predominantly a religious people we 
may locate them by their churches. In Amwell township, 
Hunterdon county, there was a German church in the present 
village of Ringoes. There was a settlement of Germans in this 
vicinity as early as 1721 as appears from a road survey of that 
date in which there is mention of "the palatins' land." 

A few names of those who belonged to the stone church 
built here in 1749 are Woolever, Hoffman, Kase, Rockafellow, 
Young, Kuhl, Ballisfelt, Trimmer, Dietz, Winter, Snider, Min- 
gus. Perhaps also, Fisher, Bearder, Fulper, Hoppock, Hann, 
Dilts, Risler, Boss, Bishop, Servis, Snook, Werts, Lyst, Wombock. 

In Alexandria township there was a church before 1766, 
where at present the Presbyterian Church of Mount Pleasant is 

Here worshipped the German Reformed families : Huner, 
Horn, Schlaut, Casper, Hollenberger, Fishbach, Bitzer, Schmid, 
Blom, Morkel, Young, Eberts, Loesch, Apgar, Alpock, Enders, 
Rockefellar, Henn, Metier, Lampen, Case, Dilts, Badenheimer, 
Reinschmidt, Otto, Bolsin, Klein, Schneider, Wagner, Kuhl, 
Geist, Alsentz, Solomon, Schrei, Zingler, Patenheimer, Rimer 
and others. 

Near Phillipsburg there was a Lutheran Church at least as 
early as 1762, being mentioned as found there at that date in 
one of the surveys of John Rockhill. 

In Stillwater, Sussex county, there was a Union church as 
early as the middle of the last century. Services in German 
were also held very early in the neighborhood of Newton, Sus- 
sex county. And these churches were attended by the follow- 
ing families : Schwartzwelder, Schuester, Merkel, Kien, Hafer, 
Schnauber, Kaiser, Savacool, Gerlach, Nolten, Goeler, Stahley, 
Weyker, Sipperly, Raub, Kunckel, Reuss, Ginsberg, Reiss, 
Waas, Adam, Main, Naedel, Sundel. Muth, Hess, Gruber, Shafer, 
Wintermute, Snover, Gottschall, Shiner, Dodderer, Willerich, 
Youngblood, Kirschbach, Knauble, Hamann, Shipman, Titman, 
Swick, Neubacker, Hawk, Koker and others. 

At Pluckamin the Lutheran Church was supported by the 

The German Immigrants 37 

Appelmans, Castners, Teeples, Eoffs, Folks, Fishers, Gillings, 
Henrys, Kings, Loders, Moelicks, Neffs, Bergers, Pickles, 
Remers, Rushes, and others. 

At Spruce Run we find the families, Lunger, Leininger, 
Hearelt, Saeger, Hoff, Heil, Skilly, Gebhard, Mohr, Eichler, 
Buchler, Faust, Castner, Martini, Simmens, Hipp, Benghard, 
Sasseman, Hess, Staenger, Boehler, Schwartz, Shultz, Miller, 
Gaeri, Hunold, Miltz, Felvert, Buckner, Hoffman, Baats, and 

In the neighborhood of Lebanon settled the families of 
Apgar, Hofman, Hochstenbach, Scharfenstein, Becker, Roden- 
baugh, Hummer, Case, Lindaberry, Deats, Schnetz, Engel, Aller, 
Cramer, Dilts, Kempel, Henry, Lefier, Mueller, Wilhelm, Kohl, 
Schumaker, Schneider, Dildein, Popencher, Seifers, Crazly, 
Lance, Hess, Sevitsch, Humerich, Klacs, Seelbach, Philhower, 
Tiger, Cregar, Hiler, Felmley, Cripps, Yauger, Scharfenstein, 

To the vicinity of German Valley belonged the Welshs, 
Eicks, Raricks, Strubels, Sharfensteins, Heils, Schulers, Shu- 
mans, Hafers, Flomervelts, Mahlers, Bessels, Fishers, Hagers, 
Youngs, Longhaars, Stelts, Meyers, Webers, Hubers, Hanns, 
Terryberrys, Kochs, Cripps, Paces, Trimmers, Alpocks, Wein- 
gartens, Fraces, Bnnns, Creters, Heldebrants, Waldorfs, Kerns, 
Bitzers, Frones, Neighbors, Swackhamers, Weises, Duffords, 
Naughrights, Trimmers, Alpocks, Beams, Aders, Reinhards, 

At Knowlton there was a German Reformed Church before 
the Revolution. 

The Moravians were established at Hope, Warren county, 
and Montague, Sussex county, before the Revolution. 

The New Germantown Lutheran Church was built in 1750 
to take the place of the four churches of Rockaway, at Potters- 
town, built in 1731, Lesleysland or Whitehouse, " The Church 
on the Mountain," east of Pluckamin and Fox Hill, afterwards 
divided into German Valley and Fox Hill. 

The bulk of the German population was therefore to be 
found between Lambertville and Newton and the Delaware 
and Bound Brook. 

36 Early Germans of New Jersey 

Their Characteristics. 

New Jersey, was perhaps, the most cosmopolitan, so to speak r 
of all the original thirteen States ; and though small in size it 
was the theatre of a large part of the Revolutionary war. The 
character of its people would necessarily thus have much to do 
with the result of that most critical struggle. How interesting, 
therefore, that commingling of races, which arose from the 
presence of the Swedes in the southern, the Hollanders in the 
central, and the New Englanders in the northern part of the 
State. To these were soon added the Palatines or Germans of 
Hunterdon, Warren and a part of Morris and Sussex counties, 
and these moreover were representative Germans for they came 
from nearly all parts of the Fatherland. For we trace to the 
extreme north the Barthels and Roelfsens ; the former to 
Hamburg and the latter to Denmark ; while from the borders 
of Italy the Apgars began their long journey to the sea, and 
Sassenberg, Pungstad, Waldorf, Wittemberg and the Palatinate 
all added their several streams which united at the seacoast of 
Holland into a mighty flood of emigration that poured its 
teeming life into New Jersey, Pennsylvania and the Carolinas. 
Nor was this the influx of an element whose character was 
weak or indifferent in itself. For though poor almost to star- 
vation and made more helpless, through their foreign language; 
the prey of land sharks, press-gangs and all the remorseless 
cruelty of the "White Slavery;" with their numbers decimated 
by incessant sickness and privation ; with families torn asunder 
and separated for years, these forsaken refugees finally over- 
came all difficulties and settled down in well earned, but hardly 
won, security and peace. No worse sufferings, no harsher 
treatment, than they had to endure, were experienced either 
by Puritan or Huguenot. And their final success was just as 
much a product and proof of their pre-eminent sturdiness of 
moral and intellectual character. 

The German Race. 

It is hardly necessary in the present age of the world to 
dwell upon the superior and innate excellence in many respects 
of the German race, and yet it is due to the very reality and 

The German Immigrants 39 

depth of this excellence that it is unobtrusive and largely be- 
neath the surface. Whatever, indeed, of racial vigor has 
brought the German Empire to the front and made it the Um- 
pire of all Europe, this may be safely attributed to the ancestry 
of the present subjects of Kaiser Wilhelm, from among whom 
our forefathers came. 

While of course no complete picture can be presented of life 
as it existed in a frontier settlement and in connection with a 
hard struggle for mere existence, yet whatever knowledge does 
come to us from a time so remote and from surroundings so 
obscure, must be all the more decisive and reliable. Thus we 
find proof of 

Their Intelligence 

in the anxiety they expressed at the very start for the services 
of catechists or teachers and for an educated ministry. 

The first settlers of German Valley, in particular, are said to 
have been distinguished by their intelligence. 

In 1760 the large sum of money, for that time, of one thou- 
sand pounds was left to the church of New Germantown for the 
double purpose of supporting the church and the school. 

With respect to the ministry we find that, although many 
uneducated men secured a hearing for a time, yet their con- 
gregations soon dismissed them and willingly faced the expense 
and trouble of procuring fully equipped pastors from across 
the seas. 

Muhlenberg even recommends that the German pastors 
should be able to speak the Latin language, in order to con r 
verse with the ministers of other churches, whose language 
they might not understand. And Muhlenberg himself was able 
to preach In Low Dutch and High Dutch as well as in English 
and French. 

Another excellent trait of our early settlers was their high 

Sense of Honor. 

This is shown by their persistent loyalty to the English Crown 
even in the American Revolution. They could not forget that 
when they first landed at Philadelphia, thev had sworn alle- 
giance to Great Britain, while the vast improvement of their 

40 Early Germans of New Jersey 

political condition in this country over that of their native land 
kept many of them from really understanding the nature of the 
great struggle of the colonies for freedom. Very many, how- 
ever, did understand the war with England and cheerfully sur- 
rendered life and property at the call of their country. 

In 1747 when Michael Schlatter visited this vicinity and held 
service at Fox Hill in the old log church on what is now called 
the Aunt Katy Sutton farm, he received a pecuniary reward 
for his labors. This was so exceptional as to call for particular 
notice on the part of Father Schlatter. Moreover when the 
continental currency had suffered such disastrous depreciation, 
the members of the new Germantown vestry, who had bor- 
rowed the church funds some years previously, and then only 
to help the church along, refused to allow the church to suffer 
all the loss by depreciation of the money which had been en- 
trusted but offered to pay back the equivalent in real value to 
them. Their 

with the exception noted above, was pre-eminent, at least in 
particular cases, and, indeed, nearly every family had repre- 
sentatives in the ranks of the continental forces. 

For example, John Wesley Gilbert Nevelling, who served 
the Amwell Church at the beginning of his ministry, converted 
all his property during the Revolutionary struggle into money 
which, amounting to five thousand pounds, he loaned to the 
Continental Congress, and having lost the certificate or receipt 
of the government never recovered any of the amount. He 
also joined the army as a chaplain, was highly esteemed by 
Washington and equally hated by the enemy. A large reward 
was offered by the British Government for his capture. 

The efficient and important services of Peter Muhlenberg, 
the eldest son of Henry Melchior, as a general in the American 
army are too familiar to need more particular mention here. 
In their 

Religious Character 
our forefathers were generally devout, fervent and spiritual. 
They laid stress upon the inner life of the heart rather than 
upon outward forms and ceremonies. No conflict arose among 

The Gernan Immigrants 41 

them such as threatened to rend asunder the early Holland 
churches of this country between the evangelical party and the 
mere formalists. It was a general custom for Muhlenberg and 
his fellow ministers to conduct a regular inquiry into the per- 
sonal experience of church members at each communion season. 
And, indeed, after every preaching service the hearers were 
questioned about what they had heard and a more personal 
application was made of the truth which had just been publicly 
proclaimed. This would seem to have been a fair equivalent 
for the modern inquiry meeting. 

In the midst of the ordinary difficulties by which they were 
surrounded, to maintain any religious interest at all would seem 
difficult enough, but tor them to still cling to the church in the 
face of active opposition from wandering preachers of loose 
character and from unfaithful pastors, who used their calling 
only as a cloak for the indulgence of evil passions, should 
awaken our astonishment and admiration. 

The early Germans were almost universally 

Religious People. 

Their history is therefore largely the history of their churches. 
And though the more immediate motive for their emigration 
from their native land may not have been to escape from re- 
ligious persecution, yet the privations and restrictions of their 
life at home, from which they sought to escape, had been caused 
through their faithfulness to the truth in previous years. 

The devastations and ravages of the soldiers of Turenne 
throughout Western Germany, in 1689 and 1692, was the re- 
mote if not the nearer occasion of the larger exodus to London 
in the year 1709. The destruction of ?,ooo villages and the 
frequent traversing of the Palatinate by the French armies 
would leave but a small chance of subsistence for the much 
enduring people. When we add to these misfortunes, the con- 
version of their prince, John. William, of Newburg, to Catho- 
licism, we cannot wonder at the sudden flight of the vast mul- 
titude, who sought refuge in England in the above year. At 
that time the suburbs of London were thronged with an army 
of Palatines who encamped there to the number of 13 thousand 

42 Early Germans or New Jersey 

and appealed to the charity of the astonished inhabitants. It 
was found by an official investigation that over-zealous land 
agents, representing the proprietors of large tracts in America, 
had spread throughout Germany printed notices of various 
kinds to encourage with various inducements a large emigra- 
tion to the colonies. 

Religious Differences. 

If the vigor of a religion is shown, as it is said to be, by 
the number and variety of its various divisions, then our first 
settlers must take the lead in this respect, for in 1734 a traveller 
through New Jersey and Pennsylvania found among the Ger- 
man population all denominations and sects, " Lutherans, Re- 
formed, Episcopals, Presbyterians, Catholics, Quakers, Tunk- 
ers, Mennonites, Sabbatherians, Seventh-day Baptists, Separa- 
tists, Boehmists, Schwenckfeldians, Tuchfeldtians, Eucthelists, 
Jews and Pagans &c." But the majority, at least in New Jer- 
sey, were either Lutheran or German Reformed in their form- 
of religious belief and practice. The difference between these 
two concerned matters of government, worship and doctrine. 
Indeed they differed in origin. The Lutherans taking their 
name from the great Reformer, were at first Reformed Catho- 
lics, while the German Reformed were so called because they 
claimed to be Reformed Lutherans. The adherents of Luther 
retained at first some of the objectionable features of Papal 
forms and ceremonies. In some places they accepted baptismal 
regeneration, and also believed that one who partook of the 
Lord's Supper really received the body of Christ whether 
worthy or not. 

The Reformed, on the other hand, were guilty of going to 
the opposite extreme. They often used simply wooden platters 
in the Sacrament. They rejected the use of the organ and of 
church bells, threw out everything in the shape of an altar in 
their worship, and even of any 'distinctive vestments for the 
preacher. One was as much too fast as the other was too slow, 
in reforming old abuses. 

In church government the Lutherans became Episcopalian, 
and the Reformed, Presbyterial. 

The German Immigrants 43 

In matters of doctrine, however, was to be found the most 
sharply dividing line. With respect to the doctrine of predes- 
tination, especially, the German Protestants soon took opposite 
sides. "At first all the Reformers were Predestinarians. The 
Romanists had so emphasized man's good works as necessary 
to salvation, that the Reformers went to the other extreme, and 
emphasized God's grace and sovereignity as the only source of 
salvation. Melancthon, in the Lutheran Church, finally retired 
from the high predestinarian position, and carried the Lutheran 
Church with him. While on the other hand Calvin progressed 
in it, until he formulated the doctrine for the Reformed 

We have been speaking of a state of religious opinion as it 
existed two centuries ago. In the present day, however, there 
is practically but little difference between the evangelical 
wings of these two great divisions of German Protestantism. 

Theoretical and formal differences still remain but do not 
seriously interfere with hearty co-operation and reciprocal re- 
spect and good will. 



HE denominational strictness of our Luth- 
eran brethren in the earl)- period of the 
history of our State, was of great advan- 
tage in keeping distinct from those of 
other religious bodies the historical rec- 
ords and development of at least one 
large division of the German settlers. 
The German Reformed, on the other hand, were under the 
charge of the Holland Church, and became in many cases 
identified with the Low Dutch. In this way they failed to have 
a distinct and separate history. We are, therefore, almost alto- 
gether dependent upon the records of the Lutheran Church for 
our account of the early history of the German emigrants. 
Hence the early history of our section must be found in the 
history of that body. Some account therefore of the early de- 
velopment of this denomination is in place here. Strange to 
say, the parish of the first 

Lutheran Church of New York City 
included all of Northern and Central New Jersey. This 
organization was at first kept under and almost crushed out by 
the illiberal opinions and methods of the Reformed Church in 
the city. Governor Peter Stuyvesant was especially zealous in 
preventing all other forms of religious opinion but the estab- 
lished church, and the English, after they had attained to the 
supremacy, were not far behind him in their intolerance of any 
dissent. Thus it was not until the beginning of the eighteenth 
century that a complete and well organized church life became 
possible to our Lutheran ancestors. At that time, in 1703, 

Early Church History 45 

Justus Falkner became, practically, the first pastor of the 
Lutheran Church in the city. Other pastors had preceded 
him, but their labors were restricted and interrupted, so that 
they only sufficed to keep the flickering flame of their church's 
life from dying out altogether. 

In the city and in Albany county, New York, and Bergen 
county, New Jersey, the members of the Lutheran Church 
were almost altogether of Holland descent. Thus, the history 
and the records of the churches of Hackensack, Ramseys or 
Saddle River, do not particularly relate to our subject. 

Likewise the Lutheran Church in South Jersey, of very 
early origin, belongs more to the history of the Swedish settlers, 
of whom they were almost exclusively formed, than to that of 
the Germans. 

With the first German emigration to New York, in 1709, 
came pastor Joshua Kocherthal, whose field of labor centred 
in the site of the present city of Newburg, But the first in- 
stallment of our ancestors came with the second emigration in 
1 7 10. They found a consecrated and devoted religious teacher 
already at work in their new home in the person of the above 

Justus Falcjcner. 

This excellent man had come to this country with his brother 
Daniel Falckner, both of them being land agents of some of 
the proprietors in London. While at first actively engaged in 
secular pursuits Mr. Falckner felt an irresistible appeal touch- 
ing his heart from the pitiable religious condition of his fellow- 
countrymen living around him. Having been destined to the 
ministry in his native land and educated with that end in view, 
he now sought to renew those vows, which he had laid aside, 
and sought consecration at the hands of the Swedish ministers 
near the mouth of the Delaware. Pastor Rudman had selected 
him for his successor in New York and he was ordained in the 
Swedish Church in Philadelphia, 25th November, 1703, by the 
Swedish ministers Rudman, Biork and Sandel. This was the 
first full ordination in America of a Lutheran preacher. His 
ministry in New York and New Jersey continued from 1703 
until his death in 1723. 

46 Early Germans of New Jersey 

A Model Pastor. 

Of him a recent historian says : A particularly amiable, at- 
tractive character it is, which stands before us in the person of 
Pastor Justus Falckner during his twenty years activity ; a 
man of excellent gifts, fine learning, beautiful disposition, 
heartily pious mind, a decidedly Lutheran standpoint, quiet 
and persistent industry, in short, a complete pastor. He had 
accepted the office in the consciousness that he could do noth- 
ing without divine help. That God himself would make him 
capable was his heart's desire. In the Church book he wrote 
on the first day of his activity, after a short communication 
with reference to his arrival and his entrance upon his office, 
the following prayer in Latin : " God the father of all good 
and Lord of great majesty, who has thrust me into this har- 
vest, be with me, his least and wholly weak worker with 
his special grace, without which I cannot succeed under the 
burden of temptations, which often powerfully assail me. In 
thee, Lord, do I put my trust, let me not be put to shame. 
Make me fit for my calling. I have not run but thou hast 
sent me, yea, thrust me into my office. Free me from what- 
ever taint my lost nature, always without my consent, may 
mingle with my service. Pardon me I humbly beseech, through 
our, yea my Lord Jesus Christ. Amen." 

Such a man, as we might expect, performed with a great 
deal of feeling every service. The forms of baptism and con- 
firmation were observed with most devout and earnest prayer 
for the divine blessing as the records themselves abundantly 

The people here, both Holland and German Lutherans, 
were also under the care of Pastor W. Charles Berkenmeyer, 
who succeeded Mr. Falckner in his New York charge. Thus 
our forefathers enjoyed occasional preaching, probably only a 
few times a year, from the pastors in New York until 1734. By 
this time more immigrants had arrived, and were numerous 
enough to support a pastor of their own. But ministers were 
very scarce in those days, so it was necessary to send a call to 
the old country and have one sent out to supply this needy 
field. Upon the advice, therefore, of Mr. Berkenmeyer, a call 

Early Church History 47 

was formally made out and signed by those who promised to 
support him with the particular amount of salary each offered 
to give to his pastor. This call was forwarded to the minis- 
terium of Hamburg in the year 1734. This ecclesiastical body, 
corresponding to what we call a presbytery or conference, was 
to chose a minister that would be willing to come, and also 
suitable for the work, and ordain him. The money for his pas- 
sage was sent with the call, and everything seemed to have been 
done by the congregations that could be done to show their 
interest in religion and their generous and intelligent character. 

The ecclesiastical body in Hamburg seemed to have exer- 
cised due care and deliberation in choosing the man whose 
name they were to insert the place left vacant for that purpose 
in the call which had been forwarded to them. But by a most 
mysterious providence, all this care and forethought proved in 
vain, and served only to introduce a source of discord and dis- 
sension and an occasion of most injurious scandal for twelve 
long weary years. 

The following account of another minister who rendered 
service to the Germans Lutherans in this State and of the way 
in which the first pastor came to be called is translated from 
the recently published History of Lutheranism in America by 
Prof. Graebner of St. Louis : 

" During the lifetime of Justus Falckner his brother 
Daniel Falckner 
had performed ministerial work among the Raritan churches. 
After the death of the former, the latter had also labored 
among the churches along the Hudson, as the following record 
in the Newberg church book shows : " In the year 1724 on 
the last day of September the following were baptised by me, 
Daniel Falckner, pastor at Millstone and in the mountains 
near the river Raritan in place of the deceased Kocherthal 
and of my deceased brother." 

The following we quote from Prof. Graebrer's History of 
Lutheranism : 

" In New Jersey a series of small German-Lutheran congre- 
gation extended north from the Raritan river. These were 
visited from year to year by Justus Falckner. They were, "In 

48 Early Germans of New Jersey 

the mountains," Millstone, at Uylekill [Wallkill ?], Remmers- 
pach [Ramapo], Hanover and Rockaway. In these congrega- 
tions, Daniel Falckner had settled as pastor, but had now grown 
old. Two daughters of his had married men belonging to his 
congregation, one a brewer William Dern by name, and the 
other a farmer by the name of John Kasner. Physically Mr. 
Falckner was still fit for service, his eyesight was still sharp 
and enabled him to continue his studies in botany. But he had 
a difficulty in his head, so that the congregation desired another 
pastor. Candidates were heard, the first of whom Caspar 
Stoever would have been called, if he had been able to get 
ordained, but the Swedish minister Cneberg, declared he had 
no authority to ordain. A schoolmaster by the name of Mues- 
selbach was also rejected and probably for the same reason. A 
committee from the congregations then appealed to Rev. 
Berkenmeyer, pastor of the New York congregation of Dutch 
Lutherans. They begged him to visit their people and admin- 
ister the communion. The} 7 said that some of the people and 
especially at Rockaway had withdrawn from Falckner two 
years previously. Berkenmeyer consented to help them if they 
would decide to call a minister of their own. On the 3rd of 
August, 1 731, accordingly he was invited to come to Rockaway 
with two of his elders upon the 13th Sunday after Trinity. At 
the same time pastor Falckner was also invited to appear with 
his people to help to bring about a proper understanding con- 
cerning his relations to the congregations. On the 9th of Sep- 
tember Berkenmeyer set out with his elders John LaGrange 
and Henry Schleydorn. They travelled to Elisabeth Point by 
water and there obtained three horses. They rode until even- 
ing. After a short rest they started again at two o'clock in the 
morning, preferring the moonlight to the heat of the sun. They 
desired to visit Falckner on the way, in order to hear from him 
what he might have to say in his own behalf. After waiting 
some time for Falckner to return from a fishing and botanizing 
tour, the}' were greeted by him in a friendly way and received 
the assurance of his willingness to resign his office and to take 
part in the meeting to which he was invited. 

At eight o'clock in the evening [Sept. 10, 1731], they arrived 

Early Church History 49 

at Rockaway [Whitehouse], where they found their host, John 
Balthazar Pickel, engaged in arranging the pulpit and seats of 
the new church [at Potterstown]. 

On Saturday, Sept. nth, preparatory service and a dedica- 
tion service were held. On the next day the communion was 
administered to about thirty people. 

On Monday, Sept. 13th, the church officers had their meet- 
ing in Peter Kasner's house, in the congregation " In the 
mountains - " It was decided not to have preaching either by 
Berkenmeyer or Falckner, and also not to hold the meeting in 
the church. Berkenmeyer began the speaking, after prayer 
had been offered, with the expression of thanks for himself and 
his congregation for the generous contribution toward the 
building of the new church in the city, which Falckner had 
collected from his Raritan people and also from those at 
Claverack. This subscription had been sent to Berkenmeyer 
on the 23rd June, 1727. The conference was very successful 
finally, although at first the people were frightened at the 
suggestion of sending a written call which they should all sign, 
to some minister in the old country, who should be willing to 
accept it. Falckner admitted his inability to perform the duties 
of a pastor and willingly resigned his claims to the privileges 
of that position. It does not appear whether he had received 
a written call or not, although it is very probable that he had 
only a oral agreement and depended solely upon personal 
friendship for himself for any recognition as pastor of the three 
congregations of Millstone, Pluckamin and Rockaway. To 
these we might add Hanover. 

The call, which was to be forwarded to Germany, was duly 
signed and sealed. It was entrusted to Capt. Bruyn, at New 
York, to take to Hamburg on the 15th of September, 1731. 
Nothing came of it, however, until the year 1734, when Mr. 
Wolff was ordained on the nth of May and started on his way 
to America. The salary mentioned in the call was ^50, the 
free use of a parsonage, free light and fuel, free transportation 
to and fro for the purpose of administering the sacraments in 
other places. Money for travelling expenses to this country 
was also sent along with the call. A second copy of the call 

50 Early Germans of New Jersey 

was sent to Hamburg by another vessel for greater security. 

John Augustus Wolf 
was the man sent over here as the first pastor of the German 
people in this part of New Jersey. He was born in Loebegin, 
and was a cousin of a well-known and highly esteemed pastor 
in the old country of the same name. 

He was ordained in the Church of St. Nicholas, Hamburg, 
the nth of May, 1734. 

Let us now interrupt for a few moments the thread of our 
discourse to consider the significance of this historical event. 

The call of which we have been speaking was given to Mr. 
Wolf by three congregations, called "On the Mountain," 
Rackaway [Rockaway] and Hanover. "On the Mountain" 
was the old church which stood about one mile east of Pluck - 
amin. In 1756 it was replaced by a stone church built in 
Pluckamin, on the site now occupied by a Presbyterian Church. 
The second church, called Rockaway, was in Potterstown, and 
is spoken of in a deed given for land " next to the church lot" 
by Aree Van Genee in 1741 to Matthias Scharfenstein. 

But the most interesting question of all is where the third 
church called Hanover was situated. If this was Fox Hill, 
then we can claim a very early date for the settlement of this 
neighborhood. We must remember that the year 1734, when 
these churches are mentioned, was four years before Morris 
county was formed. What is now Morris, Sussex and Warren 
counties were at that time only so many townships of Hunter- 
don. I can find only three townships which would include, in 
1738, what now constitutes the three counties. These town- 
ships were Walpack, Bethlehem and Hanover. Of course, the 
names were very loosely applied, and the limits of these town- 
ships were not defined at all. In fact, they were not townships 
at all, but only convenient ways of designating particular dis- 
tricts of this sparsely settled section. 

For this reason, Hanover township might very easily in- 
clude this part of Morris and Hunterdon counties. 

Still further, we do not know of any other place in Morris 
county where a German church could have been established. 
Of course, the New Germantown church was not established 


Early Church History 51 

until fifteen years later, when a united central church was built 
to take the place of the four that had formerly constituted one 
parish. For a few years before, at least as early as 1743, there 
were four churches, as follows : One near Pluckamin called 
"On the Mountain," another at Whitehouse, called Leslysland, 
a third at Potterstown called Rockaway, and a fourth at Fox 
Hill. This last was undoubtedly the log church on Aunt Katie 
Sutton's farm. 

Now of all these four churches the only one that could with 
any reason be said to be in Hanover was the last or the church 
on Fox Hill. 

This makes the church of German Valley one of the oldest 
in the two counties. The Readington church had as its first 
regular pastor the Rev. Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen, who 
came over from Holland just fifteen years before Pastor Wolf. 

It must be remembered that nearly all churches in those 
days were union churches. Preaching was too rare and re- 
ligious services too infrequent to permit any sincere worshipper 
to make any difficulty over minor differences of doctrine or 
ritual. Thus a few German Reformed people added their 
names to John Weygand's call to the New Germantown church 
in 1749, and when the Lutherans built their church in 1756 at 
Pluckamin, some of the Episcopal families living in the neigh- 
borhood offered to help in its support if they could have 
preaching in English for a part of the time. 

The first German Reformed preacher in this section was 
Michael Schlatter, who came here from Philadelphia five times : 
once in the year 1747, twice in 1748, once in 1749 and once in 
1750. Before Mr. Schlatter, there no doubt had been occasional 
visits by Reformed preachers from Pennsylvania to baptize 
the children and keep the different congregations together, but 
the most of the Germans, both Lutherans and Reformed, wor- 
shipped together. 

To return, now, to Mr. Wolf, we find him welcomed by the 
people to whom he had come with great rejoicing. They had 
sent a great ways for him and had been at considerable extra 
expense on his account, and they were prepared to give him 
every encouragement in his work among them. 

52 Early Germans of New Jersey 

But how great must have been their disappointment to hear 
bad accounts of his behavior as soon as he had landed in New 
York. But, of course, they hoped for the best, and made every 
allowance for his youth and inexperience. They were not per- 
mitted, however to remain very long undeceived with regard to 
his true character. He had shown on his first arrival that he 
was self-willed and obstinate, but he had no sooner settled 
down on the Raritan than he appeared to have no other object 
in life but to get married. Muhlenberg says : " Right at the 
start he ran after the girls and decided to marry, but has come 
into discredit thereby on account of misconduct." 

This was bad enough, but much can be born from a pastor 
who is a good preacher. Yet this was just what Mr. Wolf 
does not seem to have been in the opinion of his people. 
And strange to say their objection to him on this ground was 
that he used written sermons. He was considered very well 
educated and as one who had made great progress in liberal 
studies but could not get along without notes. This, however, 
Muhlenberg says, the congregation could bear with, especially 
as he had given out that he had lost his memory upon the sea. 
But it seemed as though these afflicted churches were to drink 
their cup of sorrow to the very dregs. For worse soon followed. 

Thus began one of the most bitter and prolonged church 
quarrels that one has ever heard or read of. Of course, it is 
not very edifying reading in itself, but it illustrates so clearly 
the difficulties in the way of maintaining church services in 
those days, and, it also furnishes such convincing proof of the 
sterling piety of the early settlers here, since they continued 
faithful even under such severe trouble, that no apology is 
■needed for giving the full account of the whole matter in the 
words of Muhlenberg's own report to the authorities in Ger- 
many. To understand the pains that Muhlenberg takes to ex- 
plain the whole controversy fully, we must remember that the 
ecclesiastical bodies in Germany considered a call as given for 
life and would not consent except for the gravest reasons to 
dissolve the relationship of pastor and people. Let us notice 
also that the very reasons which made preaching so highly 
esteemed at that time, also made the preachers more indepen- 

Early Church History 53 

dent and constituted a temptation which only the most faithful 
pastors could resist. We might well ask ourselves the question 
as we hear more of this now notorious Wolf in sheep's clothing 
how many of us could have stood such outrageous behavior on 
the part of one who was our pastor, without losing all faith in 
the ministry and giving up once for all the difficult task of 
maintaining the church. Says Muhlenberg, " For eight years 
there were no confirmations, no sacrament, and everything was 
in decay." But let us permit him to tell the story in his own 
words. We now quote at length from the last edition of the 
Hailesche Nachrichten or Reports from the Missionaries here 
to the Seminary at Halle, Germany, which had sent them 
thither and who gave them the authority under which they 
labored, until a Synod could be constituted in this country, 
which was done in Philadelphia in 1748. 

A Bitter Church Quarrel. 

A letter to Germany of date December 12, 1745, from Dr. 
Muhlenberg contains the following : " Last summer ( 1744) some 
men came to me from the neighboring New Jersey. These 
men dwell upon the Raritan, where there were from 1732 to 
1736 two strong German Lutheran congregations, which had 
written through Pastor Berkenmeyer to Hamburg, and had 
asked for a preacher. The reverend Ministenum of Hamburg 
had thereupon sent to New Jersey a Mr. August Wolf, of Leb- 
egin, with a license to preach. This Wolf proved himself at 
the start in New York in the presence of some witnesses, who 
are still living, a capricious head full of pride and obstinacy. 
He has shown himself one who has made great progress in 
liberal studies, but has no gifts and training in spiritual mat- 
ters, and especially for preaching. He was received in his* 
congregations with great love, and although he read all his 
sermons, yet the congregations had patience with him because 
he gave out that he had lost his memory upon the sea. 

"They then fell into strife with one another, which 
pastor Berkenmeyer and Mr. Knoll from New York have again 
mediated. But Mr. Wolf does not look at his office rightly, for 
he is not willing or able to preach without his written sketches. 

54 Early Germans of New Jersey 

He has married a farmer's daughter and lived with her in con- 
tinual blows and quarrelling. This quarrelsome life and 
inefficiency in preaching made the congregations dissatis- 
fied, so that they do not pay him his promised salary and 
wished even to have nothing to do with him. They offered him 
his traveling expenses if he would return home again, but he 
would not consent to do so. He boasted then that he had 
brought his written call and seal from Hamburg. Mr. Berken- 
meyer and Mr. Knoll interfered, and complained to the Gover- 
nor of the unscrupulousness of the congregation. The Gover- 
nor ordered that the congregations pay and support him. The 
congregations complained on the other hand that he did not 
administer his office well. The matter then came to trial be- 
fore the Court. When a year had passed Mr. Wolf swore before 
the authorities that he had performed his duties according to 
contract. The members were then served with writs of execu- 
tion upon their property, and many of them were arrested upon 
the highway. In short, the office of preacher was by these 
means slandered, the youth neglected, the communion not ad- 
ministered, the sick not visited, indeed, there was such a deso- 
lation that it was made among the Germans a subject of street 
songs. The congregations were altogether scattered except a 
few families. Such complaints and legal processes had con- 
tinued for nine or ten years. The magistrates were at last 
tired themselves and did not wish to give a decision. In spir- 
itual matters the English magistrates cannot decide, these be- 
long to ecclesiastical courts. Finally the matter came before 
the Supreme Court and caused a heavy expense to the congre- 
gation. The lawyers found their advantage in it. Part of the 
members sold their property and moved away. Mr. Berken- 
meyer and Mr. Knoll tried in a friendly way to make up the 
differences. At one time Mr. Wolf was willing to take the 
amount of money and leave the congregation ; then the con- 
gregation would not be willing. At another time the congre- 
gation would be willing to give an amount of money and then 
Mr. Wolf would not consent. The congregations could not be 
brought into any agreement and reconciliation with Mr. Wolf. 
Then Mr. Wolf was obstinate and was not willing to take back 

Early Church History 55 

his wife nor to improve his manner of life. The congregations 
were also obstinate on account of the hard proceedings of law, 
and said " Mr. Wolf is an hireling." In short, so much scandal 
and injury to souls was caused in these ten years, that the 
effects will be felt forever. These congregations pestered me 
for two years to help them to get free. They shed abundant 
tears over their children who wished to know nothing more of 
religion, because it presented so bad an appearance, finally the 
congregations had brought the matter before the authorities in 
such a way that both agreed to submit their case to arbitration. 
The arbitrators were to be four preachers. Mr. Wolf named 
upon his side Mr. Berkenmeyer and Mr. Knoll ; the congrega- 
tions named Mr. Muhlenberg and Rev. Mr. Brunnholz. For 
the latter Rev. Mr. Wagner was afterward substituted. 

" We gave both parties a hearing and were engaged four days 
and four nights in rumaging through the matters which had 
been for many years subjects of litigation ; and I can say that 
I never in all my life had a task so hard and disagreeable. 
There was such a bitterness between the congregations and 
the preacher Wolf, that an agreement was impossible. The 
congregations desired nothing but to be separated from the 
evil man, but Mr. Wolf could argue and speak to his own ad- 
vantage as well as the best of advocates. We would have will- 
ingly declined to interfere and let the matter come to the 
reverend Ministerium at Hamburg, but that was opposed to 
the purpose of the arbitration, and the magistrates wished it to 
be concluded and not to be prolonged still further. 

After much investigation we found, first, that Mr. Wolf 
himself had been the primary cause of all the contention and 
scandal ; second, he was found to be an adulterer, who without 
right or reason had thrust away his wife ; third, he would not 
live with his wife again ; fourth, he had sworn several times 
before the magistrates that he had administered his office 
according to contract, and we find the contrary to be the case ; 
fifth, he had not once for the many years during which he had 
his children with him shown official and paternal fidelity enough 
to teach them the ten commandments. 

Could one then with any equity force the congregations to 

56 Early Germans of New Jersey 

recognize as a guardian of souls, one who was a corrupt knave, 
an adulterer, a perjurer, a wolf and a disturber of the com- 
munity, who did not manage his own household, and should 
they in reward of his wickedness pay him so much money 
yearly ? The people had also, it is true, transgressed with hard 
words, but the most of them were innocent, and then Wolf had 
every time first given the occasion. Had we proceeded with 
vigor, then no other resolution could follow than to set the con- 
gregation free, since no reconciliation could take place. But 
we asked Mr. Wolf what he claimed ; his written answer was, 
that he desired a sum of money to resign, then he would give 
up his rights and claims on account of his call. I and Mr. 
Wagner came to a conclusion in the arbitration and decreed 
according to the protocol previously made, that the congrega- 
tions should be free and released. But before this conclusion 
was sealed and subscribed another was found, to wit, Mr. Wolf 
stated in writing, that he released and set free the congrega- 
tions from all claims and rights which he at any time asserted 
or might still assert, on account of the call. In short, he re- 
leased the two congregations and gave as a reason his own 

In return he claimed after a long bargaining the sum of 
ninety pounds, Jersey money. This money was laid upon 
those whose property had not been levied upon by the authori- 
ties, and who had gone over to the other sects. For those 
members who in consequence of the writs of execution had 
been compelled to pay from year to year, said it was fair that 
the others who had not yet given anything, should bear some- 
thing of the burden. Since now Mr. Knoll urged it and Mr. 
Wolf sought nothing else but a sum of money, and the mem- 
bers in part agreed to it, I arose and Mr. Wagner with me and 
made this the decree of the whole arbitration : Mr. Wolf sold 
his call and his right, for ninety pounds, and the congregations 
were glad with ninety pounds to get rid of the godless man, al- 
though much sweat of the brow and many drops of blood go 
into the ninety pounds, for which Wolf bad done nothing but 
cause scandal. When the ninety pounds had been promised to 
Wolf it was insisted that he should take upon himself the back- 

Early Church History 


standing costs of the court and should further deliver up the 
the call and the license from the reverend Ministerium 
of Hamburg, which he had hitherto grossly misused, and which 
had been like a sword in the hand of a maniac. He handed 
over the call, and the wardens, who had subscribed their 
names, tore off the seal and also their names, and gave the 
names and the seal to me. If the reverend Ministerium of 
Hamburg desires it, then the already long abused seal can be 
sent over or destroyed, that it may never again come into the 
hands of such men, who only bring reproach upon so reverend 
a body and put a stain upon our evangelical Lutheran religion 
in this western land. 
















O GREATER service could be rendered to 
any church than Muhlenberg had per- 
formed as arbitrator for the Raritan flock 
and their unfaithful shepherd. For thus 
ended at last the long series of law suits 
and arrests and executions continued for 
ten years or more from 1734 at least to 
1744. How any congregation could have held together after 
such experience we can hardly understand. But they were 
still eager for the truth and were only too glad to make another 
trial of the appointed means of grace, even though they had 
found to their cost that the truth had been committed to 
earthen vessels. 

We find that the unfaithfulness of the wicked Wolf had not 
been permitted to deprive the children of instruction in the 
gospel, and another preacher by the name of 

had been asked to supply the lack of service of Wolf. Says Muh- 
lenberg, "the young people had been well instructed in the heads 
of the catechism and although they had learned it in the Hol- 
land language, they also understand German and give the right 
answers. I administered the communion in both congregations 
which had not been administered in long years." In regard to 
settling a pastor over them Mr. M. says, "The two congrega- 
tions are able and willing to support a pious man generously." 
" I have found," he says again, " that the people there have 

Rev. Carl Rudolph 59 

much more esteem and reverence for religion and the service of 
God, than in the rough regions of Pennsylvania." 

What a high tribute this was to a people who had been so 
much abused by one who had usurped the office of the ministry 
and used it entirely for his own selfish gain. Yet their suffer- 
ings were not over and we shall see that they were still to eat 
their bread with affliction and have their drink mingled with 
tears, for we are told that " In the meanwhile the condition of 
these congregations, although they were free from this Wolf, 
was very lamentable. For eight years there were no confirma- 
tions, no sacrament, and everything was in decay. The con- 
gregations now turned to H. M. Muhlenberg, who had been 
among them in the year 1745, as arbitrator in connection with 
pastors Knoll and Wagner. He says in his journal, Dec. 16th, 
1748: " The situation of the Raritan congregation is as fol- 
lows : (1) Wolf still remains there, and will agree to nothing, 
but would rather rot there to affront the congregation than go 
elsewhere ; (2) Another preacher also remains there with his 
wife and children, by the name of Langenfeld, who had served 
half of the congregations eight years before and, tired of 
preaching, carries on farming, and like Wolf remains a mere 
spectator ; (3) The Hamburg ministerium also intends to take 
part should the Halle ministers enter the field, and pastor 
Berkenmeyer stands watching and would like to stir up Wolf 
to another law suit with the congregations, if a Halle man is 
settled there ; (4) The congregations have become in the high- 
est degree demoralized by twelve years of litigation ; (5) They 
are afraid to sign a call, as they should, and desire to have full 
liberty to call and dismiss their own pastors. They have 
neither a church building, a school house nor a parsonage, and 
would like to receive some help from the reverend fathers [at 

The churches in which they had previously worshipped must 
have been sold by Rev. Wolf, or perhaps were considered un- 
worthy of the name being simply rude structures of unhewn 

" Muhlenberg yielded to their requests and visited them in 
the fall of 1745, conducted catechetical instruction, confirmation 

60 Early Germans of New Jersey 

and the Lord's Supper. John N. Kurtz spent December of 
that year there and gave instruction and preached. In 1746 
Muhlenberg visited them a second time and Kurtz spent three 
months there in the summer. In the spring of 1747 J. H. 
Schaum was sent thither with careful instructions from Muh- 
lenberg, and spent the greater part of the year there. But in 
November of the same year [1747] the miserable Carl Rudolph 
came hither with pretended greetings from H. M. Muhlenberg, 
and genuine recommendations from the wretched Andrea, 
which recommendations were opposed to the association with 
Pennsylvania pastors, and with which he gained a certain fol- 
lowing. In the meanwhile the friends of Muhlenberg were 
soon enlightened upon the character of the reprobate. But the 
congregations were once more disturbed and embroiled, and 
Kurtz was sent thither in March, 1748, to restore quiet. He 
remained four weeks. On the 25th of July Muhlenberg set out 
again thither on a visit, accompanied by a teacher, Loeser. The 
result was highly pleasing.. Hitherto the people had formed 
four small congregations and there had been preaching now 
here, now there. But now out of the members of the four 
congregations, one church council was formed with three elders 
and two wardens from each of the congregations." 

The Carl Rudolph referred to by Muhlenberg was a disrep- 
utable man who had crept into the ministry and was enabled to 
work a great deal of mischief at first in North Carolina, where 
he had barely escaped hanging bj' running away, then in Penn- 
sylvania, where he had opposed Muhlenberg and the evangel- 
ical preachers, even by the use of the public prints, and finally 
in New Jersey. He obtained a call from a part of the 
congregations. But when information about him came from 
Philadelphia he was forsaken by all but a few. In the mean- 
while, however, he had proved himself a worthy successor of 
the abominable Wolf. Although he claimed to be a Prince of 
Wurtemberg and therefore of noble blood, he acted in every- 
thing but a princely manner. He was a thief and was detected 
in stealing a coat from Valentine Kraft; was also licentious 
and in the habit of getting drunk in the taverns. 

Such was the second regular pastor of these early congrega- 

M Kb 

•us, ; ■ -. 

..-'••V;»* r^B Iff** -1 




Rev. Carl Rudolph 6i 

tions. He, probably, had a written call but remained only for a 
year and then went to Philadelphia, enlisted in the army and 
disappeared from sight. Muhlenberg says of him in one of 
his letters : " In this year (1747) just before the arrival 
of Handschuh, the godless so-called Prince of Wirtemberg, 
had crept in as a preacher, and in the pulpit and wherever 
he went slandered our colleague most shamefully. And as 
some well-disposed people were imposed upon by him, there 
arose two parties. One fought for our honor and industriously 
carried on all the beneficent and spiritual work. The other 
fought against us and indulged in abuse. Revs. Kurtz and 
Schaum did not labor without some results, but they were too 
weak and inexperienced in such emergencies and did not pos- 
sess at all times the power of speaking prudently, and this was 
to the advantage of the other party. The Prince conducted 
himself so satanically that the very worst elements of the com- 
munity turned against him and drove him away. Thus his 
coarsest calumnies even among his least respectable adherents 
were our best apologies. When the farce came to an end, both 
parties came to us and begged us for God's sake to forgive them 
and continue to help them. 

" We gave them a book of condensed 'lessons.' I was com- 
pelled therefore to make a visitation upon the last of July, 1748. 
I found by investigation that only a few restless ones had 
stirred up the people and had said that no preacher would ever 
come to them from our college in Europe and that they ought 
to accept the Prince, who had shown himself to be a pious man 
from the beginning. When all four of the congregations [what 
are now Lebanon, Whitehouse, Pluckamin and Fox Hill or 
German Valley], were met together I was about to withdraw 
from them and said that we could not have anything more to 
do with them. The poor youth, the heart-breaking expressions 
of souls awakened by us, and the tears of the widows so affected 
me, that I had to promise not to wholly abandon them. They 
all begged in a pitiful way that we would give them our 
youngest brother, Mr. Schaum, if we could not give them any 
other, that they might not be wholly forsaken. After a long 
time I consented to this, if my colleagues were not opposed. I 

62 Early Germans of New Jersey 

then chose out of each congregation three men for a common 
church council, which the best of the congregations had advised 
and determined upon. These twelve deliberated together with 
regard to a church building. They wished to build a spacious 
stone church in some central spot, from which the most distant 
members would be about ten miles away. Three congrega- 
tions were united in respect to this. But in the fourth there 
were a few stubborn ones, who did not agree with the rest but, 
decided to build a church of their own among themselves. The 
liberty was given them to build as many churches among them- 
selves as they wished. The three congregations and a few men 
from the fourth have estimated the cost of the building at 300 
and some pounds besides their labor, and they have already 
subscribed 240 pounds and commenced to build. As we now 
intend to send Mr. Schaum to them as a matter of necessity, 
for a long time we thought of his disposition, so weak for such 
a critical place and the poor congregation (York) across the 
Susquehanna did not wish to spare him." 

This brings us to the pastorate of the third regular pastor 
namely, John Albert Weygand, and the building of the New 
Germantown church. 



^^j^2**^sINCE Schaum could not be taken away 
J^ 4( 4 from York, the candidate, John Albert 
Weygand, whom Muhlenberg had re- 
ceived into his house at New Providence 
a short time before, was sent thither in 
November, 1748, but the congregations 
remained under the oversight of Muh- 
lenberg, under which it had remained since the fall of 1745, 
and he had occasionally visited them and preached and admin- 
istered confirmation and the Lord's Supper. For the others 
had not yet received ordination. Only in special and excep- 
tional cases did Muhlenberg decide that Weygand might offer 
the communion to individual sick people, but this was disap- 
proved in Halle. On the whole Weygand showed himself 
capable and faithful, but made a serious mistake in his all too 
early marriage with the daughter of a VanDieren, who had 
only just come among them. Yet Muhlenberg counted thirty 
young people in August, 1749, who were prepared for confirma- 
tion, and the new church was under roof so that the accession of 
the separating congregation was not needed. At the meeting 
of Synod in 1750 the ordination of Weygand was deferred, but 
was performed on the second of December of the same year 
by Brunholtz, Handschuh, Hartwig, Kurtz and Schaum, 
and the beautiful stone church which did service for 
nearly 80 years, was dedicated at the same time. On the 4th 
of the previous October, Muhlenberg had again visited Wey- 
gand, and, as opportunity offered, had met with his father- 
in-law, VanDieren. Now the particular congregations of Rach- 

64 Early Germans of New Jersey 

eway and Leslysland and Fuchsenberg, disappeared and the one 
central church in what is at present New Germantown, Tewks- 
bury township, Hunterdon County, N. J., took their place. 
Weygand remained in the service of the congregations until the 
beginning of the year 1753. Then he accepted a call, when a 
disturbance had arisen, to the Hollandish-Lutheran congrega- 
tions at New York and Hackensack and labored among them 
until 1767. 

In speaking of Weygand Muhlenberg expresses what seems 
to have the opinion in those days of the education required for 
the ministerial office. In a request for advice from the society 
at Halle, Germany, he says : " We would not willingly cause 
the least damage to the cause of Christ by precipitancy nor 
would we lose a nail from the structure by negligence. I have 
with this view written to the Raritan council and have left to 
their good disposition and judgment the agreement with Mr. 
Weygand, and am willing to give a permission to preach for one 
year. In the region of the Raritan a man must understand 
Latin or English, because in that section there are many of 
New England Presbyterian preachers, who cherish a great 
respect for Halle and the blessed orphan house, and like to have 
intercourse with men from there. An English preacher of the 
church once complained to me that he wished to talk in Eng- 
lish and Latin with Mr. Schaum, but could get no reply. I said 
that he perhaps did not understand his accent and pronuncia- 

Although Weygand was a vast improyement as a preacher 
and pastor upon his predecessors, as we see by the extracts 
from his diary, which shall be given later, yet he does not seem 
to have had either the wisdom of the serpent or the hannless- 
ness of the dove. For when he had gone to the meeting of 
Synod at Philadelphia, which was the second one after its or- 
ganization, with the full expectation of being regularly 
ordained, he was extremely mortified to be put off. And this 
was after the time had been set for his ordination and notice of 
it published. The reason for this was found in certain com- 
plaints that were made against him by his elders. The account 
of this is as follows : 

Rev. John Albert Weygand 65 

A Minister's Wooing. 
In H. M. Muhlenberg's manuscript diary at the date of Jan- 
uary, 1750, is found the following: "Mr. Weygand reported 
that he had married in December the daughter of a Mr. Van 
Dieren. Mr. VanDieren is by trade a tailor and had been for- 
warded to the province of New York in a complimentary man- 
ner with a stock of books by the court-preacher, Bohme, of 
blessed memory (Ziegenhagen's predecessor in London). His 
comfortable circumstances and edifying address, the scarcity 
of preachers, the independent ways of America, the high esteem 
of the Germans for the court-preacher, Bohme ; the man's own 
desire and longing had all co-operated in enabling him to obtain 
ordination. The preachers in New York would not consent to 
it, but showered imprecations and numberless reproaches upon 
him in the public press. The Swedish preachers in Pennsyl- 
vania would not consent to it. At length he was ordained by 
an old German preacher in Pennsylvania, named Herkel, and 
sent baek with evidences of ordination. After this he preached 
and administered the sacraments for several years among a few 
congregations in the province of New York until he moved into 
New Jersey and labored for several years among the Low 
Dutch Reformed and Lutheran congregations in common. He 
was so accommodating there that he administered the com- 
munion to the Reformed after their manner, and to the 
Lutheran after theirs. But at last by this means both parties 
became at variance, said he was a hypocrite and cast him off. 
He did not live far from Raritan, visited us several times and 
would like to have taken charge of the mountain congregations 
in Upper Milford, Saccum, etc., but the Providence of God, 
whose leadings we desire to follow, did not so ordain. 

" Weygand lived with one of the elders [Baltus Pickle, of 
Round Valley, New Jersey], who was a man of wealth and had 
helped on the building of the new church more than any other 
person, and had also provided out of his own means an organ 
and other things necessary for orderly worship. This man had 
two elderly (betagte) daughters. The older had died in the 
previous fall and the younger, whom I confirmed together with 
all his sons, was still living. This younger daughter was a 

66 Early Germans of New Jersey 

virtuous person, had the womanly adornment spoken of in I. 
Peter, 2, 3-4, was industrious, very skillful in household matters 
and lacked only the outward beauty of a worldly sort. She 
was no doubt intended for Mr. Weygand. But he paid his brief 
respects to her father very abruptly and demanded his consent 
to be given within a quarter of an hour, and would not give the 
father the usual time for deliberation, threw the father over 
[figuratively of course] and then went straight to VanDieren's 
house and was married to his daughter by her father. After 
this he kept urging the congregation very strongly to buy a 
farm upon which he might live. But the people were engaged 
in the difficult work of building a church and were already in 
debt. Nevertheless they involved themselves in more debt and 
bought a farm. Mr. VanDieren then sold his place and bought 
a farm near his son-in-law. In this neighborhood there also 
dwelt an old retired preacher, Langenfeld by name, and eight 
miles off Mr. Wolf is now living." 

The elders of the church and another person of equal im- 
portance were disturbed by these proceedings and brought 
against their preacher the following complaints : 

1. Mr. Weygand had wooed the elder's daughter not as a 
minister should, but like a dissolute college youth. 

2. He had used in giving the communion to two sick people, 
instead of the consecrated wafers, red sealing wafers with which 
letters are closed. 

3. When the elders called him to an account for this he had 
replied that the ministers in Frankford on the Main did thus. 

4. He had married the daughter of a man whose oldest son 
had become a Quaker in Pennsylvania, and whose oldest 
daughter had married Deyling, a Zinzendcerfer. 

5. He had thrown the congregation into heavier indebted- 
ness by impetuously urging them to buy him a farm. 

6. Should his father-in-law come to live with him he might 
lead his son-in-law astray. 

7. The congregation were at one time observing a day of 
strict fasting and prayer, which the authorities had ordered, 
when two of the elders, on coming into the parsonage after ser- 
vice, found the minister's wife busy at the spinning wheel. 

Rey. John Albert Weygand 67 

8. When he ought to have given the communion to a sick 
man, who was going to leave the church several hundred 
pounds, he was not at home but was engaged in doing his 
courting and was busied with his personal affairs. 

Muhlenberg goes on to remark, " What this ferment may 
lead to only the future will show." Since the worthy fathers 
(on the other side of the ocean) could not find anyone to sup- 
ply the churches on the Raritan and Weygand came so oppor- 
tunely, I feel relieved of responsibility with regard to him, for 
I acted with deliberation and indeed under all the circumstances 
could not have done otherwise than I did. I find first in look- 
ing at myself and then in looking at others that the lack of 
faithful, steady and experienced laborers is a great hindrance 
to the spread of the kingdom of Jesus Christ. May the Lord 
have compassion upon us and send faithful laborers into his 

Not long afterwards Mr. Weygand attended a meeting of 
the Synod of Philadelphia, when he expected arrangements 
would be made to ordain and install him over the congrega- 
tions on the Raritan. But what was his chagrin to find the 
above complaints against him presented by a committee of 
three elders, who asked that the ordination, already announced 
publicly to take place at a certain time, should be postponed at 
least until the new church was dedicated, and their pastor had 
had time to improve upon his past conduct. Says Muhlenberg 
" we dare not ordain him forcibly, as it were, but were at a loss 
what to do, and so also was Mr. Weygand, because it had been 
given out everywhere that he was to be ordained. The protest 
was indeed a very great punishment for Mr. Weygand since he 
had brought it upon himself by his frivolous behavior." 

Some Natural Comments. 

We do not find fault it is true with this decision of the min- 
isterium. It was the only thing to do under the circumstances. 
But we do think it is going a little too far, even for so apostolic 
and altogether adorable a man as Father Muhlenberg, to say 
that young John Albert, the warm-hearted young minister, 
should accept a wife, no matter how industrious and pious, who 

68 Early Germans or New Jersey 

was " intended" (zugedacht) for him. For that no doubt was 
the very reason he got himself rejected. To be sure her father 
was rich and influential, but on the other hand his daughter 
was no longer in her teens and her beauty was confessedly not 
of a dazzling character. And suppose the other girl be taken 
into consideration. Because she hadn't been confirmed by the 
good old Doctor it doesn't follow that she wasn't beautiful both 
inside and out. She was certainly industrious or she would 
have preferred the church on a fast day to her spinning wheel. 
And it was pretty hard for the young minister that he couldn't 
have time for so important a matter as courting a wife. Now 
if it had only been the other girl, the rich man's daughter, they 
might not have said anything about the time or manner of his 

Perhaps Muhlenberg's remark in his letter of November, 
1749, may explain matters somewhat. " They desired last year 
to have Mr. Kurtz for their preacher especially under the in- 
stigation of the principal member who had a marriageable 
daughter." So there was match-making going on in the church 
so early as 140 or more years ago. No wonder young John 
Albert rebelled against such deliberate scheming. He ought 
to have been ashamed to have had two strings to his bow, but 
there seems to have been this difference, one (or at least her 
father) was courting him and he was courting the other. 

The man who was sick and was neglected by his pastor was 
no doubt Balthazar Pickle, whose legacy of a thousand pounds 
helped the New Germantown church through the trying times 
during and after the War of the Revolution. 

But notwithstanding his very human weakness Albert Wey- 
gand seems to have been a sincerely pious man. This I think 
will be evident from the following accounts of his work as he 
recorded it in his diary. He little thought when he wrote this 
that it would be read so long afterwards by some of the ■ de- 
scendants of the very people to whom he was then ministering. 

A Minister's Diary in 1748. 

Sept. 22. — I have arrived undermany good omens among my 
congregation through the guidance of the Lord. On my arrival 

Rev. John Albert Weygand 69 

my host, Balthes Pickel, told me how Pastor Hartwich openly 
complained of Pastor Muhlenberg, because he removed Pastor 
Wolf from his office. This appeared very strange to me since 
I firmly believed that Pastor Hartwich stood by our association. 
25th. — A man of the Reformed Church came to pay me a 
visit, under the pretext, that a man who had come over the sea 
with me, had praised me so much, that he feels compelled to 
get acquainted with me himself. He dissembled at first and 
asserted the absolute decree [Gnadewahl, i. e. the doctrine of 
election] and quoted all the arguments in its favor, in 
order to hear what I would have to answer. But afterwards he 
said that if a reformed preacher should preach the absolute de- 
cree of God, he would publicly contradict him. 

N. B. — I thus learned that the majority of the common 
people agree with us with regard to the absolute decree of God. 
From another [German] Reformed man I learned that he had 
noted 100 passages which were against the absolute decree, and 
this number I increased for him in a private visit. As to what 
belongs to the Holy Communion they slander us so much the 
more that I had advised our people not to dispute much with 
them over so high a mystery, but to answer briefly that we 
receive it according to the institution of our Almighty Jesus. 

28th. — Set out with my host, Balthes Pickel, to visit the mem- 
bers, and to see what household worship they had and how they 
were off for books [prayer and song books]. This visit pleased 
various members of the council, who, on this account rode with 
us and informed me fully what sort of people they were. 
Among others we meet with a very sick woman whom I asked, 
after a previous inquiry about her sickness, how it was with her 
soui She answered that she cried night and day unto God, 
that He would have compassion upon one who was so great a 
sinner. After I had talked further with her, I prayed with her, 
sang a verse of the song, "Keep Me O Friend of My Soul," 
and commended her to the Lord. In the next house we visited 
I met a woman who said that we were not saved by faith but 
by good works. I answered her briefly, for night had already 
fallen. In the following visit we met two young married 
people, who had not been to communion in five years. The 

70 Early Germans of New Jersey 

reason of this was, as they said, that they had had no regular 
preacher and when Mr. Muhlenberg came over, they had always 
heard of it when it was too late. 

29th. — Have spent the whole day in visiting, and, alas, have 
met many families in a truly pitiable condition. Many young 
people from 20 to 29 years of age, who do not know how to 
read or spell, have proposed to me, to prepare them for the 
communion. In the few days that I have been here I have 
found nothing but a wilderness. 

Dec. 3d. — Again visited my people. On the way I talked 
with two German Reformed people, who lead truly Christian 
lives. Of these the man was blind. The Lord had on that 
account so much the more opened his spiritual eyes. After a 
short talk upon the only righteousness which avails with God, 
we sang some verses of the hymn, " The One on the Cross is 
My Dove." On my leaving him, he promised to give a contri- 
bution to our church, and begged me to visit them again. 

Jan. 19, 1749. — Laid the old Hendershid (Hendershot) in the 
ground. In this man God has given a wonderful proof of his 
love for sinners. This man had stained his soul with many sins 
of unrighteousness as I learned from people who had known 
him from his youth up. In order to bring him to a knowledge 
of his sins God had laid him upon a sick-bed for a year and a 
half. By chance Pastor Muhlenberg visited him three months 
before his death, and wanted him to be reconciled with his son 
from whom he had been alienated. But not even the most 
urgent pursuasions were of any use, and he wished to cite his 
son to appear before the last judgment as is the custom with 
many revengeful people. At the end of November, 1748, 1 also 
visited him and asked him if he was prepared for eternity, but 
he made himself out so pious, that I had almost never met a 
man so pious as he appeared to be. I committed him to the 
compassion of God and gave him the passage in Rom. iv, 5 to 
think of, though not believing that it would subdue the hard- 
ness of his heart. Fourteen days afterwards he was reconcilad 
to his son. Thereupon he expressed a constant longing to see 
me. On account of absence from home I did not visit him 
until the day before his death. He could scarcely whisper any 

Rev. John Albert Weygand 


longer. Yet he could understand so well that he said he called 
upon God day and night for a happy death, which his wife con- 
firmed. I prayed with him and sang a few verses of the song, 
" Lord teach me mine end to know." On leaving I pointed him 
to the bloody wounds of Jesus, saying, that with the bloody 
righteousness of Jesus he would overcome if he held on to it 
in faith and trust. That night he died. 



jj/ EYGAND was succeeded in 1753 by Lu- 
dolph Heinrich Schrenck and his min- 
istry also was attended with difficulties 
and disturbance. The " Mountain" peo- 
ple, as the Pluckamin congregation was 
called, had refused to give up their sep- 
arate church and unite with the other 
three congregations, in 1749, and build one central church 
which should be not more than 10 miles from any of the people 
of the congregations. So it was now agreed that Pluckamin 
should have service one-fourth of the time and pay one-fourth 
of the salary. 

This Rev. Schrenck was the fourth regnlar pastor. He 
staid three years, for two of which he was in the hottest kind 
of hot water. He was sensitive, proud and irritable in the 
extreme. He was anxious to marry a rich wife, and yet was 
very ready to suspect every man, who had a marriageable 
daughter and who showed him any attention, of having designs 
upon him. 

Also at one time, when two of the most influential elders 
called upon him upon some matter, and in the course of the 
conversation mentioned that some of his congregation thought 
he preached the law too severely and did not present often 

Rev. Ludolph Heinrich Schrenck 73 

enough the persuasiveness of the gospel, he became very 
angry. But he bade these visitors good bye with every show 
of friendliness, kissing them both in true German fashion be- 
fore they left. On the next Sabbath before a large congrega- 
tion, after he had preached an excellent sermon, instead of 
making the closing prayer, he ordered the church doors to be 
locked, that no one might leave the house. He then began to 
abuse and revile the two men, who had been to see him the day 
before, with such violence that he foamed at the mouth. Every 
one was in consternation and wanted to know who were in- 
tended and who had been abusing the pastor. When it was 
found out who the elders were, who had so unconsciously give 
such great offence, all the elders went to the parsonage to 
reconcile matters, but the quarrel only become more bitter. 
The next Sabbath everybody flocked from far and near to hear 
what the minister would have to say for it had been given out 
that he was to plead his cause again in public. This he did as 
the account says "with fire and flame" and ended by calling 
out the names of these elders and excommunieating them from 
the church. One of these two men was Baltus Pickle, who had 
been the builder of the church, had paid 50 pounds towards the 
organ and 25 for the church. Moreover the church was still in 
debt to him for materials and work in building. This indebt- 
edness was included in the 1,000 pounds which Baltus Pickle 
afterwards left by will to the New Germantown Church at his 
death in 1760. 

It is interesting to notice that this church had an organ as 
early as 1754. Schrenck continued to struggle on for two years 
until he was finally compelled to leave in the year 1756. He 
treated Mr. Muhlenberg afterwards most shamefully and has 
left a very unfavorable memory behind him. He finally left 
for Ireland where for a time he served a Lutheran congregation. 



Henry Melchior Muhlenberg — Paul Daniel Bryzelius — 
J. Peter G. Mujilenberg — G. Henry E. Muhlenberg. 

io HISTORY of the German settlers in 
this part of New Jersey, would be com- 
plete without an account of the two 
pioneer missionaries, Muhlenberg and 
Schlatter. For while they were not the 
first preachers to the Germans here and 
in Pennsylvania, yet they were in fact 
the real founders respectively of Lutheranism and the German 
Reformed Church in this part of the United States. They both 
possessed unusual organizing ability as well as a very high 
degree of piety and learning. They both, moreover, had to 
endure considerable persecution for righteousness sake. Also 
to both alike belonged the honor of bringing together the few 
scattered churches of their faith into a conference or synod. It 
is interesting to know that they knew one another and lived 
together in mutual confidence and esteem. Their paths often 
crossed each other but no friction ever arose between them. 
We shall give a short account of these remarkable men. 

Henry Melchior Muhlenberg 
was born in the city of Einbeck in the Electoral Principality of 
Hanover, September 6th, 17 n. His parents were Nicholaus 
Melchior Muhlenberg, a member of the council of the above 

The Muhlenbergs 75 

mentioned place, and Anna Maria Kleinshmid, daughter of a 
retired military officer. 

He went to school from his seventh to his twelfth year and 
was confirmed at twelve years of age. His father died soon 
after and he was compelled to set to work to help support the 
family. This he continued to do more or less> until he was 
twenty-one. He occasionally found time to learn to play on 
the organ. At twenty-one he resumed his studies especially of 
Latin and Greek. Providence opened a way for him to gratify 
his ardent desire for a course of study in one of the universi- 
ties. The different villages and towns of Germany contributed 
funds to the support of the recently established university of 
Gottingen, and were entitled on this account to send a student 
to the university for free tuition. Muhlenberg happened to be 
the only one of his native place, who was of the requisite age 
and had a desire to go to the University, and thus re- 
ceived the appointment. While at Gottingen he yielded for a 
time to evil associations but not for a long period, for he soon 
met with a change of heart. And he and some other students 
engaged in the work of teaching the ignorant and neglected. 
In May, 1738, he taught a primary school at Halle. But he 
rose rapidly in public esteem until he became instructor in 
Theology, Hebrew and Grc^k. 

In August, 1730, he was ordained as a deacon, or assistant 
minister in the church at Grosshennersdorf, in upper Silesia. 

In 1 741 he became, at the request of Dr. Francke, of Halle, 
a missionary to the scattered Lutheran congregations in Penn- 
sylvania. On his journey to the colony of Pennsylvania, he 
went first to Holland and thence to England. On the 13th of 
June, 1742, he set sail at Gravesend for Charleston, South Car- 
olina, which place he reached September 22d. During the voy- 
age he suffered very much both in body and mind, from a 
scarcity of water and fresh provisions, and the roughness of the 
crew. A similarly painful experience was connected with his 
journey from Charleston to Philadelphia, where he arrived 
November 25th, 1742. 

At the very beginning of his work Father Muhlenberg, as 
he might well be called, had to encounter opposition. 

76 Early Germans of New Jersey 

" Perils by Mine Own Countrymen." 
Count Zinzendorf had preceded him and was claiming to be 
a Lutheran, while really teaching doctrines opposed to the 
orthodox faith. On this account Muhlenberg was compelled to 
withhold any official recognition from one whose course was 
not entirely straightforward. Thus the very earliest efforts of 
the missionaries from Halle were directed to the healing of 
schism and the correction of errors. And yet nearly all of 
these men showed excellent judgment in avoiding, as far as 
possible, all controversial subjects and in depending principally 
upon the power of the truth itself in its singleness and sim- 
plicity. The difficulties of the task committed to these early 
preachers arose largely from the necessity of satisfying, on the 
one hand, the rigid conservatism of the authorities in the 
mother country, where persecution on account of the truth, had 
made orthodoxy a matter of life and death, and, on the other, 
of providing preachers or teachers for the numerous congrega- 
tions scattered throughout New Jersey and Pennsylvania, who 
were pleading with heart-rending earnestness and persistency 
for almost any kind of a pastor, who could at least prevent 
them and their children from relapsing into utter barbarism. 

"Perils by Land." 

Many were the weary days and nights spent by these heroic 
men hastening from one scattered hamlet to another, through 
almost pathless forests and across frozen streams, sometimes 
with fevered pulse and aching limbs, in order to keep appoint- 
ments, made weeks beforehand, with people who would come 
twenty and thirty miles to hear once more the word of life. 
Often and often we read in the reports of sermons interrupted 
with the sobs of the hearers and not so much through grief as 
rejoicing at the sound of the gospel, which they had almost 
despaired of ever hearing again. In these absences from home 
wives and children would sometimes be put to sore straits, and 
the husband and father's heart would have an added load of 
anxiety to carry on their account. 

" Perils by Water." 

The following extracts from Muhlenberg's reports will illus- 

The Muhlenbergs 77 

trate what has just been said : " Now, as I had to hold divine 
service in Providence on the 26th of November, 1749, and had 
as yet to ride twenty miles to my residence, I was obliged to 
set out from Perkasie on the 25 th of November, at 3 o'clock in 
the afternoon. They gave me a guide. Night soon overtook 
us, and therefore we could not ride rapidly, and only came to 
the Perkiomen creek at 1 1 o'clock at night, which is still two 
miles away from my house. To our great surprise, we per- 
ceived that the stream since my departure was frozen over 
hard, and covered with ice. My companion only had a small 
horse, which in addition was unshod, consequently I had to go 
before and break the ice. I did this at the peril of my life and 
remained in the saddle, notwithstanding the leaping and rear- 
ing of my horse, and let my companion follow in the footsteps 
and holes which my horse had broken. In breaking the ice my 
horse had always to raise himself up in front, and at the same 
time break a hole with the fore-feet, and keep the piece of ice 
on the bottom until he leaped after with the hind feet, and then 
went still further forward. I got over safely, but on account 
of the dark night, I missed the outlet on the other side ; and 
came with my companion to a bank, which was high and al- 
most perpendicular. Back I would not again venture, for the 
broken holes were not easily found again in the darkness. We 
took off the saddles, and by the aid of some bushes clambered 
up on land, and resolved to make an attempt with our horses 
also. We tied the girths to the bridle of the small horse, and 
compelled him to stand on his hind feet, so that he could reach 
on the bank with his fore feet. We pulled, and the horse helped 
himself bravely onward with the hind feet, and safely reached 
the shore, as he was young and nimble. But when we would 
do the same with my horse, that was old and stiff, the bridle 
broke, and the poor beast fell backward with all his weight into 
the ice, so that he lay on his back in the water with his legs up, 
and locked in by the ice, and must thus have been drowned. 
I gave up the poor beast, because I saw no possibility to help 
him. My companion, however, would not rest but in great 
anxiety he cut a lever with a small knife, sprang down with it, 
and made a great opening in the ice, helped the horse so that 

78 Early Germans of New Jersey 

he laid on one side, and at length worked himself on his feet 
again. Thereupon the horse anew broke through again, and 
would go back on the other side, but on account of weakness 
stuck fast in the middle of the stream in the ice, so that we 
could help him no more in any manner. We laid our saddles 
and baggage on the other horse and wished to go the rest of 
way home on foot, lost ourselves in the dark thickets, and 
walked around for about half an hour in a circle, -intil the stars 
once appeared in the heavens, and showed us where we were, 
when we got home about 3 o'clock." 

The horse was rescued the next morning nearly dead and 
Muhlenberg had to meet his appointments with a serious illness 
creeping upon him as a result of his long exposure. The year 
before, 1748, he had been absent on one of his long tours, the 
return from which is thus described : " When I reached home 
on the 5th of May, I found my wife and two children down 
very sick with the measles. The wife was not properly cared 
for in my absence, and the wrong medicine was administered 
by which the measles were checked. This resulted in a suffo- 
cating catarrhal affection on the next day. It had proceeded 
so far that she had lost her speech and had assumed a brown 
color." Mrs. Muhlenberg finally recovered, though her life had 
been despaired of. She was the daughter of Conrad Weiser, 
who was prominent in the early history of New York, New 
Jersey and Pennsylvania as an interpreter and agent in connec- 
tion with the Indian tribes. 

His Gift of Tongues. 

And yet Dr. Muhlenberg was a man of very superior educa- 
tion. He had a good knowledge of Greek and Hebrew, and 
spoke the English, German, Latin, Holland and Swedish lan- 
guages. He was given the degree of Doctor of Divinity by the 
University of Pennsylvania in 1784. 

He preached in New York on one Sabbath in German in the 
morning, in Dutch in the afternoon and in English in the even- 
ing. He was possessed of a fine tenor voice and could play on 
the organ. His disposition was gentle and conciliatory and he 
seemed incapable of resenting an injury or even remembering 

The Muhlenbergs 79 

a wrong. His tact and patience were often put severely to the 
test and never seemed to fail. He combined breadth of mind 
with the most methodical and conscientious regard for the 
details of routine duty. 

It is principally the reports of Dr. Muhlenberg's work that 
make up the Hallesche Nachrichten. While the pastor of sev- 
eral churches in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, in name, he was 
really an itinerant bishop. He was a very earnest patriot during 
the Revolutionary war. He died Oct. 7th, 1887. His funeral was 
attended by a vast multitude. Three of his sons were sent to 
Germany to go through a course of theological training. One 
of these was Henry Ernst Muhlenberg, D. D., a man of scien- 
tific attainments, a skillful botanist as well as a most successful 
pastor and preacher. Dr. Muhlenberg's accounts of his work 
reveal him to have been a man of humble and fervent piety, a 
searching preacher and yet very gentle and considerate in his 
dealings with the weak and wayward. He seemed to find it 
his meat and drink to preach the truth. His consecration and 
zeal were unbounded. When once he had promised to visit a 
distant congregation, no weakness or weariness, no difficulty or 
danger could prevent him from keeping his appointment. In 
short there is no name on the annals of any evangelical church 
which represents a more exalted type of christian life and labor. 

Pastor in New Jersey. 

The stone church at New Germantown, N. J., was erected 
at his advice, and is a monument of his practical jndgment and 
of his powerful influence in this section. He was in fact the 
pastor of the Raritan churches from 1757 to 1775. 

Father Muhlenberg's relation to the Raritan region began at 
the time of the trouble with Wolff in 1745 and continued for 30 
years. For seventeen years he was the formally chosen rector 
while others served regularly in his place as his assistants. The 
gratitude awakened in the hearts of these people by the deliv- 
erance from utter ruin which he had secured for them by his 
patience, tact and decision, grew more and more warm and 
trustful, the more they learned to know him. It was therefore 
a most joyful time with them when in the year 1738 while on a 

80 Early Germans or New Jersey 

visit to them, he consented to come the next year and spend 
twelve months. He felt he could not do less, though his own 
people of Providence had a prior claim upon him, since the 
Raritan congregations had built a new and more commodious 
parsonage expressly for his use in four months after he had 
objected to the smallness of the old one. 

The long expected month of June, 1759, came round and 
Muhlenberg set out on Monday the eleventh from Providence 
in a wagon with his wife and four children. The three others 
were left in Pennsylvania. Six wagons had been sent to the 
Delaware river, twenty-five miles from New Germantown, to 
meet him. When he arrived some elders and their wives were 
present to welcome him and his family and to offer them a well 
prepared repast. Mrs. Muhlenberg returned on a visit to Prov- 
idence, September 19th, and Muhlenberg on the 26th. They 
both returned on October 19th. He also visited Hackensack 
(Nov. 27th to Dec. 4th) with Wm. Graaf, a student of theology, 
afterwards his successor in the Raritan churches. 

In June, 15th, 1760, Muhlenberg set out for Pennsylvania, 
accompanied by his son Peter and Jacob Van Buskirk, of Hack- 
ensack, a student of theology under his care. He returned 
again the next year, March 26th, and ministered to the Raritan 
churches in spiritual things. One year of such service as this 
man of apostolic spirit and power would render could not fail 
to produce lasting results. 

It is interesting to note here the presence of Muhlenberg at 
the dedication of the Bedminster church [in Pluckamin] in 1758 
at which time he preached both in German and English to a 
large concourse of people. He speaks of the great rejoicing at 
New Germantown, Bedminster and other places at the news 
received October 18th, 1759, of the capture of Quebec by the 

According to the representations made to Muhlenberg, to 
induce him to spend a year with the Raritan people, by a dele- 
gation which visited for that purpose in the year 1757, he had a 
second time saved these people from falling into ruin. In 
1 76 1 he sent 

The Muhlenbergs 8i 

Paul Daniel Bryzelius 
(or Prizelius) to them to act as assistant pastor. At first his 
services were acceptable and in 1765 he was given a regular 
call as assistant pastor, but he soon afterwards lost favor with 
the people and the next year, 1766, he left his wife and family 
in the parsonage, because his salary had not been fully paid, 
and set sail for London to receive Episcopal ordination. He 
then went to Nova Scotia, where, however, he was unsuccessful 
in his ministry. Bryzelius was born in Haeradshammer in the 
diocese of Linkoeping, Sweden, and came to Philadelphia in 
1742 with Count Zinzendorf. He was converted from Mora- 
vianisin under the influence of Dr. Wrangel and was received 
into the Lutheran ministerium Oct. 29th, 1760. 

The next year after the departure of Bryzelius, Muhlenberg 
visited the congregations April 23d, 1767, and in May, 1768, 
sent his oldest son, 

John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg, 
to minister to the Raritan churches. He remained until March, 
1772. He probably occupied the parsonage as he married 16th 
November, 1770, Anna Barbara Meyer. Peter had returned 
from Germany in 1766 after a three year's sojourn there, dur- 
ing which time he had served as a clerk in a drug store and a 
soldier in the British army. For two years,however, he had studied 
theology with Dr. Wrangel and was licensed the 20th of June, 
1769. From New Jersey he went to Woodstock, Va., after re- 
ceiving Episcopal ordination in London. His ardent tempera- 
ment could not resist the revolutionary fever and he became a 
Colonel in the American army and afterwards attained the 
rank of Major-General. His place as assistant pastor of the 
Raritan churches, was taken by his younger brother, 
Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg, 
who had returned from Germany in 1770, was ordained the 
same year, on Oct. 25th, when he was not quite 17 years of age. 
He remained in New Jersey until he received a call to be the 
assistant of his father in Philadelphia on the 4th of April, 1774- 



£> W ^S** EV ' ALFRED HILLER, D. D., delivered 
the following sermon in German Valley 
on the 2d of July, 1876 : When the first 
church building was erected at German 
Valley, it is hard to tell, as the church 
historian in those days it seems was not 
abroad. There is a tradition, however, 

which has come down to us from the oldest inhabitant, that 

the first building for divine service was 

A Log Church, 
built many years ago, and that it stood on or near the site of 
the old stone church, the walls of which are still standing. 
This church, like the old stone church, was doubtless a union 
church, built probably as early as 1747 [1761] by the Lutherans 
and German Reformed. The Lutheran Church in the Valley was 
for many years associated with the church at New Germantown, 
where the pastor resided and preached at regular intervals, as 
well as at German Valley and Spruce Run, so that for a long time 
the church was only an outpost, with no pastor residing on the 
territory, but supplied by different brethren from abroad. In 
those days it was the fashion for the members of this church 
frequently to attend church at New Germantown, nine miles 
from here, often going on foot, and barefooted at that, the 
ladies carrying their shoes in their hands until they came 
within sight of the church. 

New Germantown and German Valley 83 

The fathers and mothers of those days were not " carried to 
the skies on flowery beds of ease." 

[To avoid repetition part of the discourse is here omitted as 
the facts stated have already been given.] 

In the year 1774, during the ministry of Henry Muhlenberg, 
Jr., the Lutheran and German Reformed congregations of Ger- 
man Valley determined to build a new church, to be the com- 
mon property of the two congregations. This is the 

Old Stone Church. 

Before building, an article of agreement was drawn up and 
signed by the pastors and officers of each congregation. 

This building, now 100 years old, is still standing, and 
with proper care, the walls look as if they would stand another 
century. You are all familiar with the old church building. 
There used to be a heavy gallery on one side and across each 
end ; the entrance on one side, under the gallery, and on the 
opposite side was the pulpit — one of the Jack-in-the-pulpit 
style, with sounding board suspended above. There is no 
chimney on this church, for the fathers here had a novel way 
of making themselves comfortable on cold Sundays. In the 
centre of the church a space about eight feet square was made 
with a ground floor, and on this square a great mass of char- 
coal was burned, the congregation getting for their share at 
least the smell of fire, while the preacher from his exalted posi- 
tion, nearly over the burning mass, received a double portion 
of gas to mix with his sermon. 

The next minister called to this field after the building of 
the old stone church was the 

Rev. William Graaf, 
who was settled here as pastor in July, 1775. He came here 
from Bergen county and labored in this field until his death 
in 1808. 

During his ministry a new church was built, and a congre- 
gation was organized at Spruce Run. Mr. Graaf was a native 
of the town of Liningen, in the southwestern part of Germany. 

He pursued and finished his theological education in Giessen, 
in Hesse-Darmstadt. After his arrival in America he was or- 

84 Early Germans of New Jersey 

dained by Rev. Dr. Muhlenberg as pastor of Hackensack and 
Ramapo, in Bergen county, N. J. Mr. Graaf continued to labor 
here for thirty-three years — a pastorate longer by far than any 
who have as yet succeeded him. He is described as " a learned 
and pious minister of the gospel, faithful in the discharge of 
his official duties ; but when age and bodily infirmities forbade 
their continuance, the congregation cheerfully supported him 
until the time of his death." Mr. Graaf, who was pastor here 
one hundred years ago, was succeeded by 

Rev. Ernest Lewis Hazelius, D. D., 

a native of Germany, who had for eight years been a classical 
teacher in the gymnasium at Nazareth, Pa. Dr. Hazelius took 
charge of the churches here in the month of August, 1809. His 
pastorate continued until near the close of the year 1815, when 
he accepted a call to the newly established Hartwick Seminary 
as the first Professor of Theology. This was the only pastoral 
charge that Dr. Hazelius ever served, the remainder of his life 
from the time he left this field having been devoted to 

The name of Dr. Hazelius to-day stands high in the history 
of the church in this country, he having occupied the honored 
positions of Professor of Theology in the Theological Semin- 
aries at Hartwick, Gettysburg and Lexington, S. C. 

The Records of the Church, 
now in our possession, begin with the ministry of Dr. Hazelius ; 
and of his ministry what is principally recorded is the num- 
ber of baptisms, which were transcribed from the records at 
New Germantown by Dr. Pohlman. 

The following is the first entry by Dr. Hazelius : " On the 
1 st day of May, in the year of Our Lord, 1815, a number 
of the Lutheran congregation in the Dutch Valley met at their 
meeting house in Washington township, Morris county, for 
the purpose of electing seven persons as trustees of said 
church agreeable to an act of the Legislature of the State of 
New Jersey, entitled 'An act to incorporate trustees of religious 
societies,' passed 13th June, 1799, when the following gentle- 
men were chosen by a maiority of votes of the members and 

New Germantown and German Valley 85 

voters then and there present, viz.: Isaac Roelofson, Jacob 
Karri, Philip Weise, Andrew Weise, William Nachrite, Frederick 
Swackhamer and Joseph Karr, who, having chosen Jacob Kara 
as president and Andrew Weise secretary, took upon themselves 
the name of Trustees of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in 
the Valley, Washington township, Morris county, by which 
name they will hereafter be known in law ; and on the 10th day 
of June the above-named gentlemen were sworn into office be- 
fore Nicholas Neighbor, Esq., one of the Justices of the Peace 
for the County of Warren and the State of New Jersey, accord- 
ing to the oath hereunto subjoined. Witness our hands this 
10th day of June. A. D. 1815. 

Although the election took place sixty-one years ago, I am 
happy to say one of that Board of Trustees, F. Swackhamer, is 
with us to-day, and is still an office-bearer in the church. The 
record gives the names of seventy-five persons baptized by Dr. 

Among these names we find the following : First on the 
list, Lambert Bowman, son of David Neighbor, October 29th, 
1809 ; Lawrence Hagar, John H. Weise, Catharine Naughright, 
Jacob Weise, Sylvester Neighbor, Philip Welsh Swackhammer, 
Samuel Kara, David Swackhammer, &c. These are still 
familiar names in the Valley. 

Dr. Hazelius was succeeded by the 

Rev. Dr. Hendricks, 
a graduate of Union College, Schnectady. N. Y., and who had 
studied theology under the direction of the Rev. Frederick 
Mayer at Albany. 

Rev. Hendricks took charge of this pastorate in August, 
18 16, and labored here six years, when he accepted a call to the 
Lutheran Church at Saddle River, N, J.; of his subsequent his- 
tory I have no source of information. His records were im- 
perfectly kept, and from them we learn that during his ministry 
he baptized ninety-eight children. Among these are the fol- 
lowing familiar names : Isaac Roelofson, Isaac Stryker, Mar- 
garet Stelts, Isaiah Trimmer, Isaac Swackhammer, States N. 
Weise, &c, &c. On the resignation of Rev. Hendricks, a call 
was extended to 

•86 Early Germans of New Jersey 

Rev. Henry N. Pohlman 
the first graduate of Hartwick Seminary, who had recently left 
that institution, and had been preaching for the church at 
Saddle River. N. J. 

Dr. Polhman took charge of the churches at New German- 
town, German Valley and Spruce Run in the month of August, 
1822, and labored here most acceptably and efficiently for 
twenty-one years. 

His records in the Church Book are beautifully written. 
The following is his first entry : " On the 1st of August, 1822, in 
consequence of an invitation from the Board of Trustees of 
Zion Church, New Germantown, the Rev. H. N. Pohlman 
visited that place and preached with approbation in the several 

Elections were held after public worship in each of the con- 
gregations at New Germantown, German Valley and Spruce 
Run on the 12th, 13th and 14th of said month, when it was 
unanimously resolved, " that the Rev. Henry N. Pohlman be 
called as rector of the three united congregations." 

Accordingly, after a general meeting of the trustees of the 
said congregations held at the Valley on the 18th, the following 
call was presented to the said Rev. Henry N. Pohlman and 
was accepted by him on the 26th at a meeting of the Evangel- 
ical Lutheran Synod assembled in Schoharie, N. Y., in the 
presence of F. C. Schaffer and Lewis Ernest Hazelius. 

Then followed the call which was signed by the trustees of 
each church. 

The following are the names of the church officers who 
represented this church : Jacob Kara, Isaac Roelofson, Joseph 
Kara, Jacob Weise, Andrew Weise, John Dufford, John Duse- 
bery, William Naughright. 

Dr. Pohlman was installed on the 20th of November, 1822, 
by the Rev. F. C. Schaffer, of New York. One of the most 
important events of Dr. Pohlman's pastorate was the building 
of a new church. This took place in the year 1832. 

Up to this time the two congregations in the Valley — the 
Presbyterian (formerly German Reformed) and the Lutheran 
had occupied the old stone church. But now both congrega- 

New Germantown and German Valley 87 

tions conclude that it was not advisable to continue this part- 
nership arrangement any longer, and the two 
Congregations Separated. 
Hence this year each congregation built their own church and 
they have been separate and independent of each other ever 

The New Church 
which forms the three walls of the present edifice was 40x45 
feet from outside to outside, built of stone on this lot which was 
presented by Neitzer W. Weise, Esq. The following is the 
record of the laying of the corner stone : " The corner stone 
of the Evangelical Lutheran Church, to be known hereafter by 
the name of Zion Church, German Valley, was laid with due 
solemnity and in proper place on Whitsun Monday, the nth 
day of June, 1832, and in the fifty-seventh year of the Indepen- 
dence of the United States of North America, under the direc- 
tion of Henry N. Pohlman, pastor, Jacob Karn, Jacob Weise, 
John Dusebery, John Dufford, Jr., Philip Karr, Trustees ; Jacob 
Karn, Jacob Weise, F. Swackhammer, Building Committee ; 
David Bulmer, master carpenter : John Gray, master mason." 
Conscious that except the Lord build the house they labor in 
vain that build it, the commenced work was then solemnly 
committed to the superintendence of the all-glorious Architect 
and Governor of the Universe, and the congregation dismissed 
with the usual benediction. The following is the Doctor's 
record of the consecration of this church : 

Through the smiles of an ever kind and gracious Providence 
the work commenced in His fear, was duly finished and on the 
25th of November, the pastor had the pleasure of consecrating 
it to the worship of the triune God in the presence of a crowded 
and attentive audience." 

The Rev. W. D. Strobel, of St. James' Church, New York, 
who kindly assisted on the occasion, then led the minds of his 
willing hearers to an exemplification of the duties connected 
with the sanctuary by addressing them from 1st Tim., Ill, 15 : 
" That thou mayest know how thou oughtest to behave thyself 
in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the 
pillar and ground of the truth." The pastor followed in an 

88 Early Germans or New Jersey 

address from Ps. V, 7 : " But as for me I will come into thy 
house in the multitude of thy mercies and in thy fear will I 
worship toward thy holy temple." 

May the solemnities of that day never be forgotten. 

May the eyes of the Lord be open towards his house day 
and night ! May He abundantly bless His people into whose 
hearts He hath put it to build a house for His name, and may 
they be built up a spiritual temple — an habitation of God 
through the spirit, through Jesus Christ, our Lord, Amen. May 
this prayer of the former, and now sainted pastor, be yet more 
fully answered. The following is the report of the Building 
Committee : 

The Building Committee of Zion Church beg leave to report 
that in attending to the duties assigned them they have ex- 
pended the following sums : 

To the master builders as per contract $i>355-°° 

Materials and payment of workmen 619.91 % 

To the purchase of stoves and pipe, trimming for 

pulpit, &c 175.47 

Making whole cost of the church $2,144.38^ 

Of this amount all was paid or subscribed except $230.88^. 
At a meeting held in 1840 we find this resolution: 
Resolved, That John Gulick be appointed sexton and that 

he be allowed $5 per annum for his services. 
Labor was cheap in those days. 

Lutheran Centenary. 

At a meeting of the church officers in January, 1842, the fol- 
lowing resolution was passed : 

Resolved, That depending upon the blessing of Him who 
loves the cheerful giver, we will endeavor to raise during the 
centenary year $500, to be applied as a permanent fund to the 
benefit of our beloved Zion, and hereafter to be known as the 
centenary fund of the Evangelical Lutheran Zion Church, 
German Valley. 

Resolved, That the collectors, John Naughright, A. Howell, 
J. Dufford, P. Hann and G. Dufford, be special agents to receive 

New Germantown and German Valley 89 

subscriptions for the centenary fund and that the pastor be 
general agent for the same purpose. 

This was the centenary of American Lutheranism, which 
dates back to 1742, the year that the Rev. Henry M. Muhlen- 
berg, D. D., came to this country. 

Another interesting item for this year is the report of the 
Trustees that the pastor's salary was paid regularly in full and 
$5 still in treasury. 

On the 28th of July, 1843, Dr. Pohlman resigned this charge 
and on the 10th of September preached his farewell sermon, 
having accepted a call to the Lutheran Church in Albany, New 
York. While pastor here Dr. Pohlman received eighty mem- 
bers into the church by confirmation and baptized 320 children. 

The name of Dr. Pohlman is still fresh in the memory of 
the most of us gathered here to-day. Although it is more than 
thirty years ago since he left this charge, up to the day of his 
death, he never forgot his old and tried friends in the Valley, 
neither is he forgotten by you. His circle of friends and ad- 
mirers was not confined to his own church and his own denom- 
ination and of him it may be truly said to-day, " The memory 
of the just is blessed." Few, if any, men in the Lutheran 
Church in this country were more widely known or more highly 

At three different times he was elected President of the 
General Synod, while for many consecutive years he presided 
at the meetings of the New York Ministerium, New York 
Synod, and Synod of New York and New Jersey, Of all the 
pastors in German Valley and the region round about, none 
have been more generally popular than Dr. Pohlman. His suc- 
cessor in the church here was 

Rev. James R. Keiser, 

who took charge of this field in the month of November, 1843. 
Mr. Keiser, I believe, was a graduate of the college and sem- 
inary at Gettysburg, an excellent man and good sermonizer. 
He served the congregation for a short time, for it was during 
his pastorate, in the year 1846, that by mutual consent the 

90 Early Germans of New Jersey 

Union was Dissolved, 

which heretofore existed between the two congregations of 
New Germantown and German Valley. The following are the 
resolutions then passed at a joint meeting of the officers of the 
New Germantown and German Valley congregations : 

Resolved, That the ecclesiastical union heretofore existing 
between the said congregations be by mutual consent dissolved 
at the close of the present month, October, 1846, and that each 
congregation relying on the assistance and blessing of the great 
head of the church will endeavor to make suitable provisions 
for comfortable support of a pastor. 

Resolved, That we recognize with gratitude to God, the 
harmony and fraternal feelings which have characterized these 
two congregations in all their conduct toward each other dur- 
ing the many years they have been associated together, and 
that we will continue to regard each other as one in Christ, to 
love as brethren, and take a lively interest in each other's tem- 
poral and eternal welfare. 

In those days all the church officers were called " Trustees'' 
and were sworn into office before the civil magistrate. 

The records show that Mr. Reiser during his ministry here 
received 22 persons into the church by confirmation and two by 
certificate from other churches, and that he baptized 24 chil- 
dren. Near the close of the year 1849 he received and accepted 
a call to the church in Schoharie, N. Y., and labored in this 
important field for seven years, when he accepted a call to St. 
James Church, Gettysburg, from which he removed to Dixon, 
Illinois, in 1861. After three years labor there he engaged in 
an agency for the American Sunday School Union. His 
youngest son being brought home from Yale college, pros- 
trated by sickness to the verge of the grave, he resolved to 
make a home for his family in the milder climate of his native 
State, where he resided three years when the Master called him 
to his reward. He was born in Waynesboro, Augusta Co., Va., 
Sept. 28th, 1812 ; died near Petersburg, Va., October 12th, 1872, 
aged 60 years. 

The following lines which were among the last pencilings 

New Germantown and German Valley 91 

in his common place book are inscribed upon his tombstone : 
" 'Tis sweet to labor in service blest, 
Though labor with pain be blended ; 
But sweeter by far with our Lord to rest, 
The toil and the warfare ended." 
We now come to the history of this church as an indepen- 
dent organization, and as most of you are familiar with this 
part of our history it will not be necessary to go into details. 

As an independent self-supporting congregation this church 
is only thirty years old. The first resident pastor here was 

Rev. Ephraim Deyoe, 
who succeeded Mr. Keiser in November, 1846. Mr. Deyoe is 
known to you all unless it be the younger members of the 
congregation. He is a graduate of Union college and I believe 
studied theology both at Hartwick and Gettysburg. 

His first charge was at Woodstock, Ulster Co., N. Y., and 
from there he came to German Valley. His labors here were 
greatly blessed. To have a pastor of your own, who lived in 
your midst and devoted all his time to this one charge, gave a 
new impulse to the congregation and infused new life into the 

At this time, and indeed before this time, the name of our 
esteemed brother, 

John Naughright, 

appears with a praiseworthy prominence among the office 
bearers and supporters of the church. On the arrival of the 
new pastor Mr. N. opened his heart and his doors too and took 
in the young dominie and his wife and for a very trifling con- 
sideration kept them during the whole winter and indeed until 
the parsonage which he was very largely instrumental in build- 
ing, was finished and ready for occupancy. 

Many of you remember how in those days when the church 
was weak — when friends were few and foes formidable, this 
good brother stood by the church, sparing neither time nor 
money, nor influence in his efforts to promote the prosperity of 
Zion. In his attendance upon the preacher's word — in the 
cheerful and liberal support he gave the church and in his 
efforts to bring his friends and neighbors with him to the house 

92 Early Germans or New Jersey 

of God, providing and running a hack for years for this pur- 
pose he has set an example worthy of all imitation and his 
name deserves special mention in common with this part of the 
history of this church. During- the ministry of Brother Deyoe 
the church enjoyed several preciou* 


and large numbers were gathered together in the church. 
There were at one time, February 6th, 1848, thirty-five persons 
received into the church ; at another time forty-two ; at another 

At the head of the list of confirmations we notice the name 
of E. M. Battles. Brother Deyoe labored here until in the 
spring of 1858, when he resigned and accepted a call to the 
churches at Saddle River and Ramapo, N. J., in the neighbor- 
hood of which he still continues to labor. The charge having 
been divided a few years ago, he now preaches at Ramseys 
station in a new church which he has organized at that place. 
From the records of the church we gathered the following sum- 
mary of Bro. Deyoe's labors while pastor here : Confirmations,. 
176 ; baptism of infants, a 16 ; attended 97 marriages and 163 

Rev. Alfred Hiller, D. D. 

Mr. Deyoe was succeeded by your present pastor, September 
10th, 185;., nearly 18 years ago. As we to-day review these 18 
years which have so rapidly passed into eternity we have great 
reason for gratitude for the repeated and continued tokens of 
the divine favor. 

During this term the church record shows 239 additions to 
the church, 188 children baptized, 114 marriages and 206 
funerals. Among the improvements made during the present 
pastorate, we would mention the rebuilding and enlarging the 
church in 1861. The total cost of these improvements was 
$4,485.66. Of this amount $415.24 were paid for bell and fix- 
tures and $349.16 for furniture, cushions, lamps, &c. Dr. Wil- 
let, Morris Naughright and Nathan Anthony, were the build- 
ing committee. In the year 1866 the parsonage was rebuilt 
and enlarged at an expense of about $2,400, and in the year 

New Germantown and German Valley 93 

1869 the organ was placed in the church at an expense of $1,200. 
The record shows 921 children baptized and 519 persons 
received into the church by confirmation. The present resident 
membership is 230 communicants. 

Such, at the close of the first 100 years of our nation's his- 
tory, is the history of this church. 

As we contrast the church to-day with what it was 100 years 
ago we have reason to thank God and take courage. 

What the next centennial will be depends very much upon 
us and our children. 

Let us remember we are making history, and with such a 
history before you may you gather new inspiration to-day. 

With a faith so pure and scriptural — with a government so 
in harmony with our free institutions and with such a history 
together with the memory of what our own beloved church has 
done for us and for our fathers — truly she is worthy of our 
love and untiring devotion. 

May the language of our hearts to-day be 
" For her my tears shall fall ; 
For her my prayers ascend ; 
To her my cares and toils be given, 
Till toils and cares shall end." 
We add to the above a few items to bring the history down 
to the present time. In the 

German Valley Church 
the Rev. Dr. Hiller resigned his pastorate of 23 years in 1881 to 
accept a call to the chair of Theology in the Hartwick Lutheran 
Seminary at Hartwick, N. Y. 

He was followed in the year 1891 by Rev. Benjamin B. Col- 
lins, a returned missionary from Africa, who served the con- 
gregation until the year 1890, when the Rev. William S. Delp, 
his brother-in-law, was unanimously called 27 November, 1890, 
and began his work the 12th of January, 1891, and is still labor- 
ing in this field. In the 

New Germantown Church 
the Rev. Mr. Reiser's successor in 1850 was the Rev. George 
S. Collins, who was followed in 1853 by the Rev. Jacob Duy. 


Early Germans of New Jersey 

In 1872 the Rev. John F. Diener accepted a unanimous call 
and remained until 1879, when he was succeeded by the Rev. 
John P. Krechting, who is still serving most acceptably the 




Michael Schlatter — Wirtz — Stapel — Dalliker — Wack- 
and German Valley Church. 

AVING FOLLOWED the history of the 
Lutheran division of the Early Germans 
we now turn to the German Reformed 
branch. What Muhlenberg was to the 
Lutheran churches, his friend and fel- 
low-countryman, Schlatter, was to the 
German Reformed people. Born at St. 
Gall, in Switzerland, in 1716, July 14th, he spent some time in 
Holland, after completing his studies as a teacher, and then, 
returning to Switzerland, became the Sabbath evening preacher 
in a church near his birthplace. He soon, however, offered his 
services to the Synod of North and South Holland as a mis- 
sionary to the destitute churches of Pennsylvania, which were 
at that time calling so loudly for help. He arrived at Boston 
August 1st, 1746, whence he proceeded to Philadelphia. He 
married, October nth, 1747, Maria Schleidorn, of New York. 
We have only space to notice briefly his very extensive labors 
in organizing and developing the very small beginnings of the 
German Reformed denomination. His labors were of the same 
o-eneral character as those of Muhlenberg. Like the latter he 

p6 Early Germans of New Jersey 

cheerfully placed his life in danger to visit the weak and 
struggling churches scattered so far from one another in New 
Jersey, Pennsylvania, and even Virginia. No searcher for 
wealth, no enthusiast in scientific exploration endured more 
hardships or encountered more dangers than did these two 
devoted missionaries in their unwearied " work of service and 
labor of love." Schlatter's zeal was not without knowledge, 
and his tact and good sense carried him safely through trials 
and persecutions which would have overwhelmed a man of less 
balance of mind and correctness of deportment. It is said of 
him that " he was fond of order and had the power and tact of 
organization in an eminent degree. He was prompt and punc- 
tual in his appointments, careful and exact in all his business." 
Like Muhlenberg he was a man of fervent piety and insisted 
upon a personal experience of the power of the truth. Though 
carrying on his heart the burden of all the churches he could 
be in the social circle " free, familiar and full of vivacity and 
cheerfulness." Moreover, while devoted in heart and soul to 
his own inherited type of evangelical belief, he was entirely 
free from sectarianism and bigotry and no unseemly rivalry 
arose between him and his Lutheran compeer. In 1757 he 
accepted a chaplaincy in the British army and was present at 
the capture of Quebec. Two years later he gave up this posi- 
tion and settled at Chestnut Hill near Philadelphia. At the 
same time he served congregations at Barren Hill, Franklin- 
ville and other neighboring localities. He died in the month 
of October (?) 1790, in his seventy-fifth year. 

The Church of German Valley. 

The following church history is an enlargement in some 
parts and a curtailment in others of a discourse by Rev. Isaac 
Alstyne Blauvelt, delivered 28th April, 1870. Free use has 
also been made of Harbaugh's " Fathers of the German Re- 
formed Church." 

On the twenty-third of May, 1746, the deputies of the Synods 
of South and North Holland commissioned a certain Michael 
Schlatter, to come to this country to visit the various German 
settlements, organize churches, preach the gospel, administer 
the sacraments, prepare the way for the settlement of ministers, 

New Germantown and German Valley 97 

who might be sent from the old country, and take the general 
oversight of the churches. He had received a considerable 
portion of his education at Helmstadt, in the Duchy Brunswick, 
in northwestern Germany. He was fully inducted into the 
office of the ministry in Holland — probably in the year 1745. 
In accordance with the commission received from the Synods 
of South and North Holland, he sailed for America on the 1st of 
June, 1746. He reached Boston on the 1st of August. From 
there he went to New York, and thence to Philadelphia. Bos- 
ton was at that time the largest town in America. He says it 
contained about three thousand houses. New York, or New 
Amsterdam, had about two thousand houses. Philadelphia 
had seven streets running north and south, and seven running 
east and west. It had about ten thousand inhabitants, and was 
the second city in America. 

Schlatter made his home in Philadelphia, and became the 
pastor of the German Reformed Church in that city, in connec- 
tion with the one at Germantown. But he was at home only a 
small portion of his time, being mainly occupied in visiting and 
superintending the various churches throughout the country. 
He kept a journal of his travels, which is still preserved. In 
this journal are some matters of interest to us. Thus he writes 
in one place : " When I had safely arrived at home on the 
third of July, 1747, I found a very earnest and moving letter, 
written by several congregations in the province of New Jer- 
sey, namely, at Rockaway, Fox Hill and Amwell, in the region 
of the Raritan, distant about seventy miles from Philadelphia. 
They urge me, with the strongest motives, yea, they pray me, 
for God's sake, to pay them a visit, that I may administer to 
them the Lord's supper, and by baptism incorporate their 
children with the church, who have already, during three or 
more years, remained without baptism." The church of Am- 
well was at Ringoes, in Hunterdon county. Rockaway is now 
known as the Reformed Church of Lebanon, and the Fox Hill 
church is described as " located at the foot of a hill of that 
name, in German Valley, about thirty miles north of Amwell." 
[H. Harbaugh]. It was more probably the church on the aunt 
Katie Sutton farm between German Vallev and Fairmount. 

98 Early Germans of New Jersey 

It would appear from the letter which Schlatter received, 
that there had been no minister here for three years or more, 
and while the general state of morals and religion was, no 
doubt, pretty low, still the letter proves that there were some 
earnest christians. I quote again from Schlatter's journal : 
"On the thirteenth of November, 1747, I undertook the jour- 
ney to the three congregations in New Jersey, from which I 
had, on the third of July, received a most friendly and pressing 
invitation to meet them. On the fourteenth, after a journey of 
sixty miles, I came to Rockaway. Here I received twenty 
young persons into the church as members, after they had 
made a profession of their faith ; preached a preparatory ser- 
mon on the fifteenth, and on the following da} T administered 
the Holy Supper in a small church to an attentive and rever- 
ent assembly. In the afternoon I went to Fox Hill, where I 
preached a preparatory sermon, and on the following day, 
which was the eighteenth, administered the Holy Supper to 
forty members. After I had performed this solemn service, to 
the great edification of the congregation, and had yet, in each 
place, preached a thanksgiving sermon after the communion, I 
returned again to Philadelphia on the twentieth, joyful in heart 
and giving thanks to God for the support which He had ren- 
dered me. I cannot refrain from referring briefly to the fact 
that those three congregations, from gratitude for the service 
I had rendered them, handed me a pecuniary reward ; and this 
was the first money which, since my arrival in America up to 
this time, I have received from any congregation for my labor 
and pains." Thus early did this congregation show a disposi- 
tion to be liberal and generous toward its minister — a disposi- 
tion which it has always cultivated. In after years, the people 
of this valley acquired quite a reputation for kindness to their 
pastor — a reputation which they have never lost, and which 
they still continue to deserve. Schlatter again visited this 
church in the early part of June, 1748, preached and adminis- 
tered the sacraments. There was a third visit on the eleventh 
and twelfth of October, of the same year ; and a fourth visit, 
from the twenty-second to the twenty-seventh of May, 1749, 
and a fifth in June, 1750. 

New Germantown and German Valley 99 

In the fall of 1750, Schlatter was sent to Europe by the 
German Reformed Synod (which he had himself been instru- 
mental in forming), for the purpose of seeking help, both in 
men and in money. In his efforts he was highly successful, 
receiving the gift of seven hundred bibles and a considerable 
sum of money. Six young ministers were also sent over, and 
a general interest in America was awakened in the churches of 
Holland and Germany. This church, however, received no 
direct benefit from all this, for none of these men came to the 
Valley and the money was used elsewhere. For Schlatter said 
that the people here were " able to provide properly for the 
support of a minister, and also willing, with great cheerfulness 
to do it." Schlatter, moreover, reported to the Synods of South 
and Xorth Holland, that this church, together with that of 
Rockaway, " implores earnestly that God may at length send 
forth a faithful laborer into this harvest." This prayer was 
soon answered ; for in that same year, the people of the two 
congregations were made happy by having a minister settled 
among them. The first German Reformed pastor was 

Rev. Johannes Conrad Wirtz. 

In the town library of Zurich occurs the following : 
"Johannes Conrad Wirz left Zurich for the Carolinas ; is said 
to have met Anna Goetschi on the passage and to have married 
her in America, since which nothing has been heard of him." 

This notice connects him with a family whose records, care- 
fully kept, go back to the middle ages. John Conrad was the 
fifth son of Johannes Conrad, Sen., who was born 1661, May 
5, at Zurick, married Magdalena Klingler, and became a minister 
in 1682. He was catechist at Wiedikon and afterwards pastor 
at Neukirch in 1685 ; became pastor at Kloten in 1691 and was 
chosen deacon at the Silberschield, January 15, 1704. In 1728 
he was appointed minister of the church at Kerensen, in Switzer- 
land, where he died April 20, 1730 ; beside our first pastor, he 
had five sons and six daughters. 

On the 29th of May, 1735, the ship Mercury landed at Phil- 
adelphia. It contained Palatines and Switzers to the number 
in all of 186. First on the list of those who sign the declara- 

ioo Early Germans of New Jersey 

tion of allegiance at the Court House in the presence of Gov- 
ernor Gordon is Conrad Wuertz. In this same ship were 
Johannes Moelick, Jacob Maurer, Conrad and Jacob Conrad 
Naffe and Jacob Naeff. The first and last of these families, 
and perhaps also the second, settled in New Jersey in the 
vicinity of Pluckamin. 

Among the passengers who are marked absent occurs the 
name of Henry Goetschy. Of those under sixteen we have 
Rudolph Goetschy and Moritz Goetschy. The Rev. Moritz 
Goetschy, who is said to have come over in the same vessel, 
and whose daughter John Conrad Wirtz married, must have 
died before the vessel arrived, or immediately afterwards, as 
his name does not occur in the list. (See Rupp's Thirty Thou- 
sand Names, p. 99). 

The next we hear of Mr. Wirtz is that he (or at least a Swiss 
bearing his name, only spelling it as it is on the list of emi- 
grants, Wuert), is pastor of the " Egypter " congregation in 
Lehigh county in the year 1742. He served this congregation 
until 1744 and baptised fifteen children. It is said that noth- 
ing is known of this" man afterwards, but there is nothing to 
contradict the supposition that he was the same as John Conrad 

" In 1746, Oct. 14th or 15th," says Michael Schlatter, " a cer- 
tain J. C. Wirts, of Zurich, came to visit me, who endeavored to 
excuse himself for having served as a minister for several years 
in some congregations in this country without any regular call 
or ordination. He said he had done this partly in compliance 
with the earnest solicitations of the people — who would be 
edified by an .unordained teacher [rather] than remain entirely 
destitute of spiritual nourishment — and partly on account of 
having been destitute of any other means of support ; and he 
humbly entreated me to lend him my counsel and assistance, 
that he might obtain from the Fatherland a regular ecclesias- 
tical induction into the office of the ministry, and afterward be 
properly installed as pastor in some churches that might desire 
his services. I gave him to understand that I was not yet 
sufficiently well acquainted either with his abilities or manner 
of life, nor with the disposition toward him of those congrega- 

New Germantown and German Valley ioi 

tions in which he had hitherto performed his irregular labors ; 
but that I hoped in the ensuing spring to be able to investigate 
the matter, and report to the respective Synods as the circum- 
stances of the case would seem to warrant, and then await their 

Meanwhile, it appears Mr. Wirtz continued in his congrega- 
tions. On the 28th of June, 1747, Mr. Schlatter came to Saucon, 
where he speaks of a congregation served, at that time, by this 
Mr. Wirtz. Mr. Schlatter preached there on the 29th and asked 
the congregation if they desired Mr. Wirtz to be authorized to 
serve them as their regular pastor. As there was not perfect 
unanimity, Mr. Schlatter went on nine miles farther to Spring- 
field, or Schuggenhaus, a congregation under the irregular care 
of Mr. Wirtz, where he preached on the 30th, and put the same 
questions with the same result as before at Saucon. There is 
nothing in all this, we are told, reflecting in the slightest degree 
upon Mr. Wirtz's moral character. 

The next record relating to our first Reformed pastor is 
found in the minutes of the Synod of New York, which body 
included the Presbytery of New Brunswick. It is dated New- 
ark, Sept. 27th, 1750. "The High Dutch congregation of Rock- 
away, in the township of Lebanon, applied to the Synod that 
they might be taken under the care of Synod, and that a cer- 
tain person now preaching among them may be taken under 
examination, and, if approved, ordained as a minister. The 
Synod, in order to clear the way to transact anything with said 
people, do appoint Mr. Pemberton to make inquiry, of the 
Dutch ministers of New York, whether said people do belong 
to their jurisdiction ; and he is to acquaint a committee of 
Synod how that matter is. And the Synod appoints Messrs. 
Pierson, Burr, Arthur, Smith and Spencer ; their committee to 
sit at such time and place as they shall appoint, and transact, 
in said affair, according as things shall then appear to them." 
Sept. 21, 175 1. — The committee report that, difficulties rising in 
their way, from time to time, they could do nothing in the 
matter ; and, as application is again made, they recommend 
that it be referred to the Presbytery of New Brunswick, to do 
as they think best, when the matter is laid before them. 

ioj Early Germans or New Jersey 

Sept. 28, 1752. — According to the appointment of Synod, the 
Presbytery of New Brunswick examined the affair of the Dutch 
congregation at Rockaway, and ordained Mr. Worts (Wirtz) to 
be their minister." The above is from Records of the Presby- 
terian Church pp. 241, 243-4 and 246. Rev. Richard Webster 
in his History of the Presbyterian Church says, page 610, 
Conrad Worts " was taken up as a probationer, September 3d, 
1751, Rockaway asked for him, May 9th, 1752, and he was 
ordained their pastor on the 5th of June. * * * He was 
dismissed Oct. 21st, 1761." 

The following is an entry made by Mr. Wirtz in the church 
book of the church of York, Pennsylvania, which gives a de- 
tailed account of his removal from New Jersey : 

"On the 21st day of August, in the year of our dear 
Redeemer, Jesus Christ, 1791, I, Johannes Conrad Wirz, minis- 
ter of the word of God and installed pastor of the congregations 
of Rockaway and German Valley in Jersey, received an invita- 
tion from this congregation by the hands of Mr. Balthaser 
Spangler, to visit and preach to them, in the hope that a 
gracious God would incline our hearts to an affectionate union, 
and thus again supply this forsaken flock with a faithful pastor 
and teacher. With the divine blessing and favor, I concluded 
to accept this invitation, and determined to undertake the jour- 
ney accompanied by the aforementioned Mr. Spangler. Ac- 
cordingly, we set out on the 27th day of August and arrived 
here safe and in good health on the first day of September. On 
the following Sabbath I preached my first sermon, and, by re- 
quest, delivered three or four additional discourses subsequently, 
which were so blessed by the Father of Light that the respected 
congregation, with unfeigned affection unanimously desired me 
to become their pastor, inasmuch' as the Rev. Mr. Lischy had 
forsaken them, and as the members, individually, had confi- 
dence in me. A formal and regular call, dated September 12, 
1 76 1, and signed by the elders and members was tendered to 
me, which I was unable to decline, yet accepted only on con- 
dition that I should be able to obtain the consent of my con- 
gregations in New Jersey and of the reverend Presbytery of 
New Brunswick, by which I had been ordained to the work of 

New Germantown and German Valley 103 

the ministry. Subsequently, on obtaining the consent of my 
congregation and receiving a dismissal from the reverend 
Presbytery of New Brunswick, dated October 24th, 1761, I 
removed to this place in the name of the Lord Jesus, and 
arrived on the 5th of May, 1762, and on the following Sabbath, 
being the 9th of May, preached my introductory sermon from 
Rev. X, 10, having resolved to serve this congregation accord- 
ing to the grace of God in the preaching of the word and the 
administration of the sacraments, whereunto may a merciful 
God, for Jesus' sake, grant and communicate the grace, strength 
and aid of his Holy Spirit. 

Johannes Conrad Wirz, V. D. M. 
May 1 2th, 1762. 

There are no records of his ministry in any of the German 
churches he served in New Jersey. His descendants, however, 
are found in the State and in this vicinity to the present day 
Indeed the present Governor of the State, the Hon. George 
Theodore Werts, is a great-great-grandson of the Rev. John 

His ministry in the congregation of York continued for onlv 
a year and a half, when he was called home to his rest and 
reward on Wednesday, September 21st, 1763. He was buried 
on the Friday following. His wife survived him. His children 
will be found in the genealogy of the Wirts family. During 
the short period of his ministry in York, he baptised eighty- 
three children, and buried fourteen persons. How many were 
added to the church is not known, but it appears that the con- 
gregation flourished. A new church was erected during his 
ministry. At the' laying of the corner stone he preached from 
the text Ezra III, 10, 11. He seems to have been enabled to 
attend to his duties till near the end. His last baptism was 
performed August 14th, 1763, about one month before he died. 
At the time of his death the floor was not laid in the church ; 
so they buried him in the church, under the altar. 

"Tradition," says Rev. Mr. Harbaugh, " has preserved his 
name in good savor, as an earnest and pious minister. The 
church records, at York, bear various incidental marks of his 
zeal for the church, and his personal piety and devotion." 

104 Early Germans of New Jersey 

"After the laying of the corner stone," says the records, 
" the pastor expressed the following wish : In the church now 
to be erected may Piety preside, Holiness reign, Truth ever 
prevail, Love and Harmony dwell." 

After Mr. Wirtz left the Valley, the congregation was without 
a pastor for a number of years. It is probable, however, that 
the people enjoyed the occasional ministrations of 

Rev. Caspar Michael Stapel, 

who was settled over the German church at Amwell. This Mr. 
Stapel was an energetic and efficient minister, and his labors 
at Amwell were greatly blessed. In a short time, eighty-four 
persons were added to the church, and his consistory declared 
that he has " thus destroyed the thought, that in a short time, 
New Jersey must acknowledge the English Presbyterian 
church as their church." But Amwell is now a Presbyterian 
church, and there is not a German Reformed church left in the 
whole region in which Stapel may have labored. He probably 
preached also at Alexandria, Knowlton and Stillwater. 

Mr. Stapel was born in 1721 and died March 17th, 1766. He 
was buried in the cemetery at Ringoes. October 29th, 1762, 
the consistory of the church at Amwell wrote to the Synods of 
North and South Holland in regard to Mr. Stapel. They 
praise him and gratefully rejoice in his success. There are, 
they say, two schoolmasters laboring under his direction ; they 
stand fully under the coetus ; his ill-natured wife refuses to 
come to this country ; they desire them to call upon her in the 
Hamburg papers, to come to her husband, and, if she does not 
obey, to free him, have him legally divorced, that he may 
marry again ; " as it is necessary for a minister, in this coun- 
try, to be married." They say seven years, the legal time, has 
transpired since she abandoned him. Stapel signs himself 
President of the Coetus of Pennsylvania, in a letter to the 
Fathers in Holland, May 17th, 1763. He was also president of 
a special meeting of the same body, October 24th, 1763. 

His will dated Feb. 12th, probated March 5th (?), 1766, 
[Trenton, Lib. 12, fol. 414], speaks of his wife, "left behind in 
Germany," and his two sons, John Casper and John Andries, 

New Germantown and German Valley 105 

for whose benefit he leaves 72 ducats, in the care of his brother- 
in-law, John Peter Franks, of the city of Rostock, belonging to 
the Duke of Mecklenberg Schwerin. He also makes bequests 
to Catherine, the wife of John Housilt of Amwell, to the 
youngest son of Peter Hufman, late of Amwell, and to Peter 
Mire, "who formerly lived with me." In the probate of his 
will he is described as a doctor of divinity and physic. 

Rev. Frederick Dalliker 

was the second regular pastor of the churches of German Val- 
ley, Fox Hill, Rockaway, Alexandria and Amwell. He proba- 
bly also preached at Knowlton and Stillwater. He was born 
the 2d of February, 1738, and died the 15th of January, 1799, 
at 60 years of age. The name is said to have been originally 
de la cour, denoting Huguenot descent. The records of several 
of the churches under his ministry begin with his pastorate, 
viz., German Valley in 1769 (May 14th), Rockaway (Lebanon) 
in 1768 (Nov. 6th), Stillwater with the articles of Union in 1769 
(Oct. 12th). The Lebanon book is dated 1762, August 5th, and 
it may be that the first records are torn out. The inscription 
on the first page reads Kir c hen- Buck fur die Racheweyler 
Evangelisch-Reformirte-Gemeine, 1762, den 3 ten August. 

At this date Wirtz had left this charge and either Stapel or 
Dalliker took his place. It seems more probable that Stapel, 
whose death occurred at Amwell in 1766, and who was there- 
fore living in this part of New Jersey up to that date, was 
the pastor of these churches until then. This latter date 
would therefore be the more probable one for the beginning of 
Rev. Dalliker's ministry. He began to preach about 1757, 
according to the statement on his tombstone, where it is said 
that "he served the Reformed Church in this country forty- 
two years." 

In the minutes of Coetus (Synod) of 1770, it is mentioned 
that Mr. Dallicker had left the congregation of Amwell on 
account of strife among them. He continued to minister to the 
other churches until the fall of 1782. He then removed to 
Goshenhoppen, Pa., where he remained until 1784. His family 
will be found in page 320 of the genealogies in Part II of this 

io 6 Early Germans or New Jersey 

work. He is buried at Faulkner Swamp where a suitable 
memorial stone marks his grave. The text at his funeral was 
Heb. XIII, 17. 

We have in our possession 

The Church Records 
kept by Mr. Dalliker. They are very meagre, however, being 
not much more than a list of baptisms and confirmations. The 
following is a translation of the first record made : 

" Names of elders and deacons of German Valley congrega- 
tion, 1769. 

Wm. Welsch, Caspar Eick, Conrad Rorick, Diedrich Strubel. 
Officers elected in the year 1777, instead of those above : 
Morris Scharpenstein, Jacob Heil, Peter Heil, Jacob Schuler." 
After this we have a " list of those instructed in regard to 
the Holy Communion and confirmed." To understand this lan- 
guage, we must recollect that in those days, no person was 
admitted to the communion, without previously going to the 
minister to be taught by him privately, with respect to the 
doctrines and duties of religion. And all the church members 
were catechised before every communion. This list, as it ap- 
pears on the church record, is divided into four parts : First 
— Single men. Second — Married men. Third — Single women. 
Fourth — Married women. 

For the year 1769, there are fourteen young men, three 
married men, twenty-five single women, and three married 
women — forty-six in all. After this, in the course of the twelve 
years of Mr. Dalliker's pastorate, there were eighty-five added 
to the communion of the church. Among these names, are a 
number not now found among us, but others are very familiar. 
The list of baptisms by Mr. Dalliker commences with the 
year 1768. Among them all, there is only one adult baptism 
recorded ; all the rest are infants. And for the thirteen years 
there are two hundred and twelve baptisms recorded — an aver- 
age of more than sixteen a year. In the year 1774, there were 
twenty-nine infants baptized, and the number was nearly as 
great for several years. During the Revolutionary war, there 
were not so many. 

During Mr. Dalliker's pastorate, it was determined to build 

New Germantown and German Valley 107 

A New Stone Church. 
Jt is probable that the old log church had been the property 
of both the Lutheran and the Reformed congregations. At all 
events, the stone church was built by the two in partnership. 
Before building, articles of agreement were drawn up, and 
signed by the representatives of the two churches. The orig- 
inal paper was in German, and is not known to be in existence 
at the present day. But we have an old translation of this 
ancient document. This translation is as follows : 

" Whereas, we the members of the Evangelic Reformed 
congregation, and we the members of the Evangelic Lutheran 
congregation, who by reason of the preachers which we have 
with Germantown, and by reason of the money expended for 
the church and parsonage-house are members of Zion's 
Lutheran Church, living in the Dutch Valley, Roxbury township, 
Morris county, are willing to build a meeting-house jointly : 

Be it hereby known to all men that the following conditions 
were agreed to by the subscribers, representing both congrega- 
tions, viz : 

I. Both parties have agreed to build the meeting-house at 
their united expenses, so that none of the parties may throw 
up anything to the other. 

II. As the church is built jointly, so it shall be kept up by 
our posterity jointly : the friendship of both congregations giv- 
ing us hope that in case of the necessary repairs of the meet- 
ing-house, the weaker party will be supported by the stronger. 

III. Both parties, with respect to Public Worship, shall 
have an equal right ; in case both preachers should meet to- 
gether, then, alternately, the one must wait till twelve o'clock, 
upon the servics of the other. 

IV. For the good of both congregations, none shall be ad- 
mitted to preach, but such as are under a regular church gov- 

V. Whereas, we do not only concern ourselves for ourselves, 
but for our posterity also, it is our will and opinion that none 
of the parties shall or can sell their right, in any way or manner. 

Acted this 4th day of February, 1774, which is testified : 

io8 Early Germans of New Jersey 

Frederick Dellicker, V. D. M., Henry Muhlenberg, Jr., 
Deputy Rector of Zion's Corporation. 

Wilhelm Welsch, Philip Weise, 

Diediic Strubel, Christoph Karn, 

Conrad Rohric, Leonard Neighbour, 

Caspar Eick, Roulof Roulofson, 


Anthony Waldorf, John X Schwachhamer, 

Adam Lorentz, Andrew Flacky. 

The above is a true copy of the original German agreement, 
translated by me the subscriber, this 3d day of May, 1817. 


In the building of the house, the people of the two congre- 
gations turned out in a body to cart stone. It had been a 
previous agreement, that whoever on the day appointed, should 
bring the first load, should receive the honor of having his 
horses decorated with flags and rib oons which had been pre- 
pared for the purpose. There was much excitement on the 
subject, each one determined, if possible, to secure the prize. 
Judge David Welsh, who lived near the ground, where David 
the Fourth now resides, determined to try a little strategy. 
Accordingly on the evening before, he secretly loaded his wagon 
with stone, and then concealed it through the night. In the 
morning, he was up betimes, had his horses harnessed, and 
started for the ground before sunrise. But he was none too 
early ; for as he drove up to the spot, he heard the heavy 
wagons thundering down the mountains on both sides. And 
although he won the prize of the decorations, he was but little 
in advance of many others. And before he could get his stone 
unloaded, all German Valley was on the ground. 

The building erected was a very creditable one for that 
time. It was of good size, and very substantially built, the 
walls after standing nearly a century, appearing as strong as 
ever. And from the present appearance, there was some 
attempt at elegance in the finish of the structure. 

That the interior of this venerable building has been so 
despoiled is a matter for regret. It ought to have been pre- 
served intact, as a sacred relic of a by-gone age. The pulpit 

New Germantown and German Valley 109 

floor still remains, high up in the air, about the size of a 
barrel-head, with a great sounding-board suspended above it. 
At first no provision was made for heating the church— our 
fathers being made of better stuff than their children, and not 
so accustomed to study comfort. After a time a little " ten- 
plate" stove was introduced, but as this was found to be of 
little use, a pit was made in the centre of the building, in which, 
without any chimney, a mass of charcoal was burned.' The old 
people say that this did not warm the house, but it did make 
many of the people sick, and it was a common thing for people 
to be carried out of church. The remains of this old charcoal 
pit may still be seen in the building. 

It would be an interesting thing if we could have a photo- 
graph of the congregation to which Mr. Dalliker preached in 
the new church. There were no dainty little loves of bonnets 
to catch the admiring eye ; neither was there a bewitching 
jockey hat and feather to drive the young men to distraction. 
The dresses were not cut according to the pattern of Harper's 
Bazar, or Godey's Lady's Book, but all was plainest homespun, 
made up in the plainest style. The men generally wore no 
coats, and a goodly number were barefooted. The whole as- 
pect of the congregation was such as would surprise us in these 
days. There can be no doubt but that you are a better looking 
people than your fathers. 

In the year 1782, Mr. Dalliker left the Valley, and removed 
to Goshenhoppen, Pennsylvania. He died January 15th, 1799, 
at the age of sixty years, ten months and seventeen days. He 
was buried in the German Reformed graveyard of Faulkner 
Swamp. His descendants are still living in the Valley, and at 
other points adjacent. 

Mr. Dalliker's successor as pastor of the Valley Church was 

Rev. Caspar Wack, 
with regard to whose life we have a somewhat detailed 
account. He was the son of John George Wack, a native 
of Wittenberg, in Germany, who came to this country and 
settled in Philadelphia in the autumn of 1748. Soon after- 
ward he was married to Elizabeth Schuyler. He was a shoe- 

no Early Germans or New Jersey 

maker by trade ; a highly respectable man and an elder in the 
church on Race street, Philadelphia. He had four children : 
Caspar, John Jacob, Barbara and Elizabeth. Caspar was born 
August 15th, 1752. When a boy he gave evidence of consid- 
erable mental ability. His pastor, Dr. Weyberg, became inter- 
ested in him as a promising lad, took him into his family and 
educated him. In his seventeenth year he was sent to the 
vacant church at Lancaster to act as catechist. A few months 
afterward he preached publicly to the congregations of Tohic- 
ken, Indianfield and Great Swamp. These congregations were 
so much pleased with the young preacher that they sent a call 
to the Coetus for his regular services as their pastor. This was 
in 1 77 1. According to the minutes of the Coetus, " Mr. Wack 
was examined in the truths of God's word, and as to the way 
of salvation ; and, having rendered full satisfaction to the 
Reverend Coetus, it was agreed and resolved that he should 
continue to catechise and preach in these congregations as 
heretofore ; his ordination, however, shall be deferred for the 
present, till the Reverend Fathers, Synods of Holland, have 
been consulted in regard to the matter, and what they shall 
advise shall hereafter be done in regard to Mr. Wack." The 
precise date of Mr. Wack's ordination is unknown. It probably 
took place as soon as permission was received from the Synods 
of Holland. He was the first young man born in America who 
entered the ministry of the German Reformed Church, and he 
was the first man ever ordained by that church in this coun- 
try. Shortly after his ordination he received an invitation to 
visit Europe, with the promise of having his expenses paid and 
a handsome present beside. But, out of respect for the wishes 
of his parents, he declined the temping offer and went on with 
his ministerial labor. His charge was an extensive one, em- 
bracing a large part of Montgomery, Bucks and Northampton 

Not long after his ordination he was married to Barbara 
Leidy, of Franconia township, Montgomery county. He con- 
tinued in this Pennsylvania charge till 1782, when he was called 
to the churches of German Valley, Rockaway and Fox Hill. 
This call he declined ; but, on its being sent to him the second 

New Germantown and German Valley hi 

time, he accepted it, and soon afterward removed to the Valley. 
Beside preaching in these churches, as pastor, he also supplied 
the congregations at Stillwater, Knowlton and Sussex Court 
House. A truly extensive charge ! If your minister should be 
heard to complain of the length of the drive to the Lower 
Valley, it might not be improper to remind him of Caspar 

Preaching in English. 

When Mr. Wack first came to the Valley the preaching 
was all in German, but, in course of time, as the English came 
gradually to be the language of the majority of the congrega- 
tion, he adopted it in his pulpit ministrations ; and toward the 
latter part of his pastorate he preached only an occasional ser- 
mon in German to please the old people. As to the character 
of Mr. Wack's English in his earlier days, we may get an idea 
from a story that is told of a certain army officer, who happened 
on one occasion to be in the neighborhood where Mr. Wack 
was to preach. Having understood that Mr. Wack was a Ger- 
man, he went to church to hear how a German sermon would 
sound. On his return he expressed himself as very much 
pleased. He " never knew before that German was so much 
like English." He "could understand a great deal of what 
Mr. Wack said." It so happened that Mr. Wack's sermon on 
that day was in English ; or at least he meant it for English. 
In later years Mr. Wack came to understand English better, 
although he always had a decided German accent. It is said 
that there are some of his sermons still in existence, written 
with a great deal of care, in correct English, with the pronun- 
ciation of the words marked as he had found it in his dictionary. 
Mr. Wack was possessed of some knowledge of music, and 
while in the Valley he 

Taught a Singing School. 

This school met at private houses, and was attended with no 
little interest by the young people. The hymns sung were in 
German. I am told by one who was present in this school, as 
a child, that the " old Dutch singing was better than the 
English singing is now-a-days." It was generally in the fugue 

ii2 Earl Germans of New Jersey 

style — the various parts chasing each other about like snow- 
flakes in a high wind. 

In addition to his ministerial labors, Mr. Wack carried on a 
farm. His farm embraced that now [1870] owned by Mr. John 
Swackhammer, together with that of Mr. Andrew Creger. He 
lived on the spot where Mr. Swackhammer's house now stands. 
Beside the farm, he made use of the water power which he had 
on his place, to drive an oil-mill and a fulling-mill. With all 
these irons in the fire, he yet made money, amassing a consid- 
erable property while in the Valley. 

As may be conjectured from the number and diversified 
character of his employments, and from his general success he 
was a man of no little activity, both bodily and mental. Though 
a short man and quite stout, he was very light on foot, and he 
was fond of exhibiting his agility. In those days, before eight 
hour laws or ten hour laws were dreamed of, he used to be out 
with his men at the first peep of day ; and when the call to 
breakfast came, it was usual for him to say, " Now, boys, a 
race !" and as tradition has it, he was rarely beaten. There are 
several stories told of the quickness of 

His Wit. 

A Universalist preacher, once attempting to dispute with him, 
affirmed that his doctrine was an old one — that it was preached 
in Paradise — meaning to claim the promise of the seed of the 
woman to bruise the serpent's head, as a proof of the doctrine of 
universal salvation. Mr. Wack replied, " Yes, your doctrine was 
preached in Paradise, and the devil preached it ; his text was, Ye 
shall not surely die." At another time, a Restorationist was 
urging his false doctrine that after suffering a certain length of 
time, the wicked will all be released. " If that be so," said Mr. 
Wack, "I don't see what you have to do here, where I am doing 
all I can to prevent people from going to hell ; your proper mis- 
sion is in hell itself, preaching the gospel of prospective deliver- 
ance to those who are in torment." Another story is told of him 
which shows that he was not backward in rebuking sin. One 
day, while on one of his long journeys, which he always made 

New Germantown and German Valley 113 

on horseback, a young man stopped him and asked permission 
to ride. " Certainly," said Mr. Wack, " get up behind me." 
Now it happened that this young man was one whose life was 
a great way from the teachings of both law and gospel, and 
when once seated on the parson's horse, Mr. Wack gave him 
such an amount of wholesome admonition that the young man 
afterwards declared it to have been the hardest ride that he 
ever took. 

Mr. Wack was regarded as a man of considerable learning 
for his day, and while in the Valley he had several students 
with him in course of preparation for the miristry. Among 
these was his only brother, John Jacob Wack. After complet- 
ing his course of study in the Valley, John Jacob Wack settled 
at Amwell, and afterwards removed to Fort Plain and Stone 
Arabia, in New York. He acted as chaplain in the army dur- 
ing the war of 181 2. 

The ministry of Mr. Wack in the Valley was not unsuccess- 
ful, so far as gathering members into the church is concerned. 
During the twenty-seven years of his pastorate, ninety-eight 
persons were confirmed as communicants. 

Mr. Wack had one daughter, who died young, and nine sons, 
who lived to grow up. Of these, George became a minister and 
preached in Pennsylvania ; William lived in this Valley and 
became an elder of the church, and many of the old pastor's 
posterity are still with us. 

Mr. Wack left the Valley in 1809, to take charge of the 
churches of Whitemarsh and Germantown, in Pennsylvania. 
He served the two churches for twelve years. He then gave 
up Germantown and served Whitemarsh for two years longer. 
This was his last regular charge, though he supplied some 
churches in Chester county for several years. The last four or 
five years of his life, he resided with his son. Dr. Philip Wack. 
He died at his son's house, July 19th, 1839, lacking only seven 
days of being eighty-seven years old. 

After Mr. Wack left the Valley the church was vacant for 
four years. And not only was there no settled pastor, but 
there was a destitution of the regular preaching of the word. 
It was only now and then, at irregular intervals that the con- 

ii4 Early Germans or New Jersey 

gregation enjoyed a visit from a minister. Still the church was 
held together, and the Lord's work went on. During the four 
years' vacancy, there were thirty-one confirmations. 

But yet the people were not satisfied. They longed for the 
privilege of regular worship. And as from their remote posi- 
tion and other causes, the German Reformed Synod of Penn- 
sylvania was unable to help them, the people felt constrained 
to look to their Presbyterian neighbors. And as their only 
resource, they resolved, as a body, to seek admission into the 
communion and fellowship of the Presbyterian Church. The 
Reformed Synod remonstrated ; but the congregation answered 
that their only reason for desiring to change their ecclesiastical 
connection was necessity — a reason which is always satisfactory. 

So here endeth the history of the German Reformed Church 
of German Valley. 

The Presbyterian Church of German Valley. 

In the year 1813, German Valley was within the territorial 
limits of the Presbytery of New Brunswick. When, therefore, 
the churches of German Valley and Fox Hill determined to 
enter the Presbyterian connection, they presented their appli- 
cation to the Presbytery of New Brunswick. Their request 
was made on the 5th of October, 1813, and on the 6th it was 
granted. On the same day, October 6th, they presented to the 
Presbytery a call for the pastoral services of 

Mr. Jacob R. Castner, 
to labor in each of the churches one-third of the time. Mr. 
Castner was a native of Somerset county, brought up near 
Pluckamin. He had been licensed by the Presbytery of New 
Brunswick, at Newton, January 15th, 1812. He had preached 
in the Valley for a little time before the call was made out, and 
it was partly on his account, and through his influence, that the 
congregation had decided to connect themselves with the 

On the 9th of November Presbytery met in German Valley 
for the purpose of ordaining and installing Mr. Castner. He 
was first examined as to his views of the sacraments and church 
government. He then preached his trial sermon from John 


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sB BBBife;. : 

fjL . m -jjl 

1^^ ^^raFA 

1 ' 

S" ' ' 

1-, : . y%:~ ' 

ill ■ & 

New Germantown and German Valley 115 

m : 16 — " God so loved the world that he gave his only begot- 
ten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, 
but have everlasting life." These exercises proving satisfac- 
tory, Presbytery proceeded with the ordination and installation 
services. George S. Woodhull presided, Rob't Finley preached 
the sermon, and David Comfort gave a charge to both pastor 
and people. 

When Mr. Castner entered upon his pastorate he found 

His Session 

composed of the following members : David Welsh, David 
Miller, Henry I. Huffman and William Delliker. 

When Mr. Castner came here the church consisted of thirty- 
seven members, of whom Mrs. George Neighbour is the only 
one now living, in attendance upon the church ; and, partly as 
a consequence of the long vacancy, the state of religion and 
morals was not very encouraging. The new pastor, therefore, 
set himself to work as a reformer of abuses. Mr. Castner was 
admirably fitted for this. He was a man of superior mind, 
strong convictions, both as to truth and duty, great persever- 
ance and energy, and a spirit that was perfectly fearless. 

Rev. D. X. Junkin, D. D., says of him : " What virtuous 
mind that knew him did not love and admire him ? Had all 
my hearers known him, as many of them did, my task were 
done when his name was pronounced. But all did not know 
him. Bodily he was rather under medium stature ; but his 
frame was lithe, compact and firmly knit. Dark hair, a keen 
and penetrating dark eye, acquiline features, a brow betokening 
great powers of thought, a mouth and chin indicating great 
firmness of purpose and of principle, a manner and gate quick 
and determined, made him a man of marked presence. He 
possessed a mind of decided force and acuteness. He grasped 
a subject with strength, and wielded it with power. He was a 
natural orator ; and one of the best, if not the very best, 
extempore speakers in the Presbytery or the Synod. His read- 
iness in this respect was probably a hindrance to the full 
development of his really great powers. His very active and 
laborious habits, and the multitude of his preachings, led him 

n6 Early Germans of New Jersey 

to rely too much upon his extempore powers, and prevented 
that culture in the study that would have made him one of the 
most polished and impressive pulpit orators of his generation. 
As it was, he was an able, laborious and successful minister of 
the Word. An early and fearless champion of the temperance 
reformation, he probably did more for that cause than any 
man in the bounds of the Presbyter} 7 . Once convinced that a 
thing was right, nothing could swerve him from its advocacy. 
He was utterly fearless — a man of unwavering moral courage. 
But whilst bold as a lion in defending the right and denounc- 
ing the wrong, he was gentle as a lamb and tender as a woman 
in the intercourse of social life. A warm-hearted friend, a 
sympathizing comforter, he was one of the most interesting 
conversers I ever met. A natural gentleman, he could be firm 
without arrogance, and entertaining without egotism. He was 
almost idolized in his congregation and was respected and 
beloved by his brethren and throughout the churches. Born 
at Liberty Corner, he pursued his classical studies at Basking - 
ridge and Princeton, and studied theology under Dr. Finley, of 
Baskingridge, for whom he always cherished great veneration. 
German Valley, Fox Hill and Black River [Chester], were the 
first field of his labors. At the formation of the Presbytery of 
Newton he was pastor of Mansfield, in which he was settled in 
182c, and here he continued until on the 26th of April, 1848, 
when he was suddenly arrested by the hand of death, and borne 
from his earthly toils to his heavenly rest. ' He fell with his 
armor on. Long had he stood in the front of the battle. For 
thirty-five years he fearlessly confronted error, immorality and 
worldliness, as an ordained minister of Jesus Christ. The 
effect of his sudden exit from us is as when a standard bearer 
falleth.' " — [Discourse at Jubilee Newton Pres.~\. 

It was during Mr. Castner's pastorate that the first Sunday 
■school in German Valley was established. This important event 
took place in the year 1816. The school was organized in an 
old red school-house, which stood at the southeast corner of 
the old grave-yard. Mr. Castner himself acted as Superinten- 
dent, though afterwards assisted by David Welsh, the third. A 
very efficient teacher in the school was a Miss Bracket, a New 

New Germantown and German Valley 117 

England lady, mistress of the day school. She was afterwards 
Mrs. White, and the mother of Rev. Dr. White, not long since 
pastor at Mendham. Among the other teachers in that first 
school were Conrad Raric, William and David Neighbour. 
They studied the bible and the New England primer. And 
not only did they learn the Shorter Catechism, but the Larger 
Catechism was also recited. Library books and children's 
papers there were none, but this lack was, perhaps, not in 
every respect a loss. 

During Mr. Castner's pastorate there was no very extensive 
ingathering of members at any one time. Still, the preaching 
of the word was blessed, and there were additions to the mem- 
bership of the church every year except 181 8. During the 
whole seven years of his pastorate, thirty-four were added on 
profession and four by certificate. In the winter of 1820-21, Mr. 
Castner removed to Mansfield (Washington, N. J.), where he 
labored until his death. 

Mr. Castner was succeeded almost immediately by 
John C. Van Dervoort. 
He preached here before he was licensed, while still a student 
of theology at New Brunswick. Dr. Campbell complained of 
this to Presbytery as an irregular proceeding, and, the Pres- 
bytery sustaining his complaint, it was brought before the 
Synod ; but no very decided action appears to have been taken 
by that body. Mr. Van Dervoort was soon after regularly 
ordained and installed as pastor of German Valley and Fox 
Hill. His home was in the Valley — the house now (1870) 
occupied by Mr. John Miller, at Middle Valley. This house 
was owned by the two congregations of German Valley and 
Fox Hill, in partnership. 

Mr. Van Dervoort was not remarkable for his learning, nor 
for his ability as a sermonizer. But he was a good man, with 
a sincere love for souls. He had a remarkably fine voice, " a 
smarter voice than Mr. Hutton's," and showed a great deal of 
heart in his preaching. There are a number still living who 
remember the earnest, tender and affectionate manner in which 
he used to persuade people to seek the Saviour. 

So far as the addition of members is concerned, Mr. Van 

xi8 Earl Germans of New Jersey 

Dervoort's pastorate was a successful one. In the year 1822 
forty-three persons were added to the church at one communion 
season — forty-six during the entire year. The whole number 
of additions on examination recorded, from i82i-i825,was fifty- 
two. Mr. Van Dervoort left here in 1828 to take charge of the 
church of Basking Ridge. He died at Ghent, N. Y., in 1850. 

The next pastor was 

Mancius Smedes Hutton, 
who, though born and brought up in the Dutch Reformed 
Church, had studied theology at Princeton. After his gradua- 
tion he labored for a short time at Wawarsing, N. Y. From 
there he came to German Valley in 1828. 

When Mr. Hutton came to the Valley he found a church 
composed of seventy-two members. During his pastorate 
twenty-two were added on examination and ten by certificate. 
The first entry made by Mr. Hutton in the sessional records is 
the account of the nomination by the session on February 6th, 
1829, of David W. Miller, George Neighbour and Geo. Crater as 

of the church. They were all elected on the 18th of February 
and ordained soon afterwards. 

One of the most important events of Mr. Hutton's pastorate 
was the building of the 

New Church. 
It came about in this way : A new congregation had just been 
established at Clinton, and, as Mr. Hutton had been preaching 
there, greatly to the edification of the people, they called him 
to become their first pastor. This call Mr. Hutton was inclined 
to accept, but the Valley people were loth to lose him. There- 
upon, Mr. Hutton promised the congregation that if they would 
build a new church, he would decline the call to Clinton. So, 
partly under the stimulus of a desire to retain a much beloved 
pastor, and partly from a conviction that a new house was 
needed, the people set to work to build. 

It was determined that the new house should belong to the 
Presbyterians exclusively, both congregations being convinced 
that it was not advisable te continue the partnership business 

New Germantown and German Valley 119 

any longer. The Lutherans accordingly built a church at the 
same time, 1832, and the two congregations have been indepen- 
dent of each other ever since. 

In the building of the church, there was a great difficulty in 
determining the location. At one time, it was decided to build 
on the hill near Middle Valley, on the ground now occupied as 
a cemetery. Afterwards a lot was chosen a little below the 
present residence of P. W. Swackhammer, in a wheat field — and 
the unripe wheat was actually cut off to clear the ground for 
the builders. Finally, however, the present site was chosen, 
and the lot was given by Mr. Hager and Mr. Swackhammer. 
But this was not done without much discussion — Mr. Swack- 
hammer being anxious to save his garden, and Mr. Hager 
finding it hard to spare his favorite pear tree. The lot question 
being settled at last, the next thing was a plan for the new 
church. This Mr. Hutton procured from Mr. M. Thompson, a 
New York architect, the father-in-law of Robert Carter, the 
celebrated publisher. Such a thing as an architect's drawings 
had never been heard of in German Valley or any where in 
this part of the world. The event, however, proved the wisdom 
of Mr. Hutton's course in this particular ; for when the church 
was finished it was esteemed a marvel for beauty, and for many 
years it retained its pre-eminence as the handsomest church by 
far in this whole region of country. 

The cost of the building was about three thousand dollars. 
This was raised by subscription. The largest amount given by 
any one man was three hundred dollars, from Leonard Neigh- 
bour, the father of all the Valley Neighbors. Considering the 
circumstances of the times, and the amount required for the 
building,this subscription was about equal to one of a thousand 
dollars at the present day. An example of liberality which is 
truly admirable, and well worthy of imitation. 

Mr. Hutton left the Valley in 1834, to become the colleague 
of Rev. Dr. Matthews, in the pastorate of the South Dutch 
Church of New York. The congregation to which they min- 
istered afterwards divided, one portion with Dr. Hutton as 
pastor, forming the church on Washington Square. Dr. Hutton 
still continues in this charge, and has become one of the most 

i2o Early Germans or New Jersey 

prominent and influential ministers in the denomination to 
which he belongs. 

Mr. Hutton's successor was 

Rev. James Scott, 
a licentiate of the Presbytery of New York. Mr. Scott was a 
man of considerable learning, and superior ability as a preacher. 
He was a Scotchman, and he had the Scottish habit of preach- 
ing long sermons. But his sermons were not mere long strings 
of words ; there was solid timber in them. Some objected to 
his preaching that he was always harping on fore-ordination. 
And it is certainly not a little remarkable that within so short 
a space of time this church should have had two pastors — Mr. 
Castner and Mr. Scott — who were ultra Calvinists. Mr. Scott 
seems to have presented these doctrines out of their proper 
proportion, and in such a manner as to lead many to mistake 
the decrees of God for a blind fate. A good old man, a mem- 
ber of the Lutheran Church, remarked that he " believed the 
Articles of the Synod of Dort, and that he liked to hear Mr. 
Hutton preach election, but that Mr. Scott he could not go." 

Soon after Mr. Scott's settlement he became involved in 
some difficulties with respect to the 

Lower Valley Church. 
The church building in the Lower Valley was erected in Mr. 
Hutton's time. It owed its origin in part to a disappointment 
in the location of the Presbyterian Church. Some time after- 
wards the Presbytery of Raritan organized a congregation in 
the Lower Valley. This action Mr. Scott opposed, but his 
opposition was ineffectual. Thereupon an appeal and com- 
plaint was made to the Synod by the session of the church. 
In advocating this appeal before Synod, Mr. Scott went into a 
somewhat elaborate explanation of the relative position of 
German Valley and Schooley's Mountain ; and in the course of 
his speech he gave the Synod to understand that " the Valley 
does not extend up over the mountain." The Synod sustained 
the appeal of the session, and although the Presbytery of Rar- 
itan never rescinded its action, the Lower Valley Church soon 
died out. 

As already remarked, the Church of German Valley, when 

New Germantown and German Valley iax 

it first became a Presbyterian Church, was connected with the 
Presbytery of New Brunswick. Afterwards, when the Pres- 
bytery of Newton was formed, the Valley Church fell into the 
uew Presbytery. Still later, when the Raritan Presbytery was 
formed, this church was connected with it. But the congrega- 
tion, not being pleased with the action of Raritan Presbytery, 
with respect to the organization of the Lower Valley Church, 
by a unanimous vote, the Synod was requested to transfer the 
church to the Presbytery of Newton. The transfer was made 
accordingly, and the church continued in Newton until 1861, 
when it was set back again into Raritan. 

Soon after Mr. Scott entered upon his duties here, the total 
membership of the church was reported at sixty-seven. Dur- 
ing the eight years that he continued here, forty-six were added 
on examination and fourteen on certificate. His Scotch dread 
of new measures and religious excitements, appears in a minute 
made on the reception of seventeen new members in 1843. 
'• These," he says, " were the fruit of a genuine revival of 
religion ; the session being well satisfied of their piety, and all 
of them having been exercised for a considerable period, the 
most two, three and even four years." 

On the 6th of October, 1839, the session resolved to nom- 
inate Mr. David Neighbour to the office of ruling elder. On 
the evening of October 13th, after public service, Mr. Neigh- 
bour was elected by a unanimous vote of the congregation, and 
was at once ordained. Immediately after the ordination, the 
session elected Mr. Neighbour to represent the church at the 
meeting of the Synod to be held in Trenton, on the following 
Sunday. So immediately did Mr. Neighbour enter upon the 
responsible duties of his office. And from that day to this — 
with the exception of a few years, during which he resided 
outside of the bounds of the congregation — he has been con- 
stantly and actively engaged in the service of the church. 
Long may he live to bless the church with his wise counsels 
and his good deeds ; by his faithful discharge of duty, his gen- 
erous liberality, and his earnest devotion to the cause of Christ, 
to furnish an example and a stimulus to a younger generation ! 

There can be little doubt but that in former years the 

U2 Early Germans or New Jersey 

church had been making contributions to benevolent obiects. 
but there is no record of the fact before Mr. Scott's day. For 
the year ending in April, 1839, the church is reported as having 
raised " Missionary Funds" to the amount of $60. Two years 
later $72 are reported as contributed — $40 to Foreign Missions, 
$10 to the Bible Society, and $22 to the Theological Seminary. 
In 1842 the session ordered that hereafter quarterly collections 
be taken for benevolent objects, beginning with the Board of 
Foreign Missions, on the first Sunday in May. 

At the beginning of the year 1843, Mr. Scott received a call 
from the Reformed Dutch Church of Newark, which he decided 
to accept. The Presbyter}- of Newton released him from his 
charge in the month of February. After he went to Newark 
he took a prominent position in the Dutch Church, and soon 
received the honorary degree of D.D. He died in 1858, at the 
age of forty-nine years. 

As long as Mr. Scott continued here he and his horse, 
" Dack," had taken their regular trips to Fox Hill, good- 
humoredly enough. But, whatever the horse may have thought, 
his master was convinced that it was desirable for both the 
churches that they should have separate pastors. Accordingly, 
just before Mr. Scott left the Valley, at his suggestion, the 
session resolved " to support a minister for the future the en- 
tire of his time." The parsonage at Middle Valley had been 
previously sold, the money divided between the two churches 
of German Valley and Fox Hill, now Fairmount, and the house 
now owned by this church bought and enlarged ; and from 
that time the two churches have had no other connection than 
that of friendly neighbors. 

Mr. Scott was followed by 

Robert G. Vermilye, 

a man of pleasant, gentlemanly address, a good scholar and an 
able preacher. While in the Valley he was much esteemed by 
the people ; but his stay was short — less than three years. 
During this time eight persons were received into the com- 
munion of the church on examination and five by certificate. 
It was in Mr. Vermilye's time (1844) that "the new hymn 


New Gkrmantown and German Valley 123 

book (psalms and hymns) was introduced, by vote of session." 
After Mr. Vermilye left the Valley, in 1846, he soon received 
the degree of D.D., became a professor in the East Windsor 
Theological Seminary, now at Hartford, and continues to hold 
a high rank among the ministers of the church. 
Mr. Vermilye's successor was 

James Hall Mason Knox, 
a son of Dr. John Knox, of New York, and a grandson of the 
famous Dr. John Mason. Mr. Knox graduated at New Bruns- 
wick Seminary in 1845, and came to the Valley in 1846. He 
was one of the most popular and efficient pastors that the 
church ever had. The impression which he made upon the 
congregation was of a lasting character, and his sayings and 
doings are frequently quoted at the present day. 

He introduced, in 1849, a custom of holding a monthly con- 
cert of prayer, for missions, in connection with the Lutheran 

Through his influence and efforts a parochial school was 
started, which, with a little aid from the Board of Education, 
was carried on for several years, with no little efficiency and 
success. And not a few of the men and women of the Valley 
owe a great deal to that school, and to its excellent teacher, 
Mr. James S. Taylor. 

During the five years of Mr. Knox's pastorate twenty-four 
persons were received into the communion of the church by 
examination and ten by certificate. 

Mr. Knox left the Valley in 1851 to take charge of the 
Reformed Dutch Church of Easton, Pa. Two years later he 
accepted a call to the First Presbyterian Church at German- 
town, Pa., where he continued until the fall of 1869, when he 
resigned his charge. Like the other ministers who had left the 
Valley, Mr. Knox soon received the Doctorate, and his name 
and fame are well known throughout the church. 
After Mr. Knox went away, 

Garret Van Artsdalen 
came to the charge of the church. He stayed but three yean. 
During this period, nine persons were added to the church by 

124 Early Germans or New Jersey 

certificate and thirty-eight on examination — of these, thirty-six 
at a single communion occasion. 
After a vacancy of about a year, 

Rev. William R. Glenn, 

of the First Presbyterian Church of Tamaqua, accepted a call 
to the German Valley Church. He entered upon his labors 
here in the autumn of 1856. Mr. Glenn is a good preacher, as 
all affirm, and his labors here were attended by a fair measure 
of success. During the eleven years of his pastorate nine per- 
sons were added to the church by certificate and ninety by 
examination. This is the largest number received by any one 

The pastoral relation between Mr. Glenn and this church 
was dissolved by the Presbytery, meeting at Clinton, January 
13th, 186S. Mr. Glenn went to Bloomington, Illinois, where he 
is now laboring with very encouraging prospects. 

Rev. Isaac Alstyn Blauvelt, D. D., 
the present pastor, was called from Clinton, N. J., in the sum- 
mer of 1868 ; commenced labor on the 1st of August ; removed 
to the Valley August 20th ; was installed by the Presbytery of 
Raritan, October, 1868. Since that time the most noteworthy 
event has been the remodeling and enlarging of the church. 
The people had before determined that this work must be 
done, and little urging from the pastor was needed. Silas 
Neighbour, Jesse Huffman and I. Alstyne Blauvelt were chosen 
to act as a Building Committee. Messrs. Graham, Elizabeth, 
N. J., furnished the designs for the improvements. The work 
has been done, the ladies have provided the furniture and bell, 
and the results are before the eyes of the world. This day we 
enter our new and beautiful house, full of hope for the future. 

Recalling the history of the past, we are constrained to 
render grateful praise that hitherto the Lord hath helped us ; 
and, as we go over the story of our Father's loving kindness in 
the days gone by, we thank God and take courage. 

Mr. Blauvelt resigned in 1874 to accept the call to the Pres- 
byterian Church of Roselle where he is still laboring. He had 
the degree of D. D. conferred upon him in 1893 by the college 


New Germantown and German Valley 125 

of New Jersey. Mr. Blauvelt was born at Lamington, N. J., 
March 31, 1839. He is the son of old Dt. Blauvelt, who was 
pastor for so many years of the church of Lamington, Somerset 
Co., N. J., and who was recognized in his day as a man of un- 
questioned ability and entitled to all the influence and respect 
which his long and successful ministry had so well earned for 

Mr. Blauvelt graduated from Princeton College in 1857 and 
Princeton Seminary in i860. He was stated supply for four 
years (1860-4) at Plumstead, Cream Ridge and Plattsburg, N. 
J.; pastor of the Presbyterian Church of Clinton, N. J., 1864-3. 

Rev. Edward Pavson Linnell, 
followed Mr. Blauvelt in the summer of 1874. He had been 
supplying the pulpit, while a student in the Seminary. He was 
born on the t8th of April, 1846, at Granville, Ohio, and was 
educated both at Denison University at Granville, and at 
Hamilton College, N. Y. He graduated from Union Seminarv, 
N. Y., in 1874. His memory is connected with a sad bereave- 
ment at the beginning of his ministry in the loss of his young 
wife within a few months of their marriage and his own death 
at a time and under circumstances to make it seem doubly 
painful. Having resigned from the pastorate of German Val- 
ley on the 9th of May, 1882, he accepted an appointment to 
labor in Montana, in connection with the church at Miles City. 
It was in the midst of his exhausting labors in this extensive 
field that he was stricken down at the early age of forty years 
on the 23d of July, 1886. He had been installed as pastor of 
the Miles City church on the 8th of February, 1885. 

A sermon in memorial of him was preached at German 
Valley Sept. 5th, 1886, by the Rev. J. F. Brewster. Rev. D. B. 
Hervey, of Granville, Ohio, says of him : "Asa preacher and 
brother I held him in high esteem. As a speaker he attracted 
attention in the early stages of his college course. His voice 
possessed an unusual clearness of tone, and this connected with 
a distinctness of enunciation, which was natural to him, gave a 
charm to his public address, which engaged every ear. His 
sermons were always characterized by richness of thought, 
-clearness of illustration and force of statement. * * * g e 


Early Germane or New Jersey 

was devoted body and soul to one purpose, and wholly absorbed 
in thoughts and plans for its accomplishment. That one pur- 
pose was the salvation of souls and the prosperity of the church." 
Mr. Linnell was followed by the 

Rev. Henry M. Voorhees, 
who became the pastor here in 1883 and continued to serve this 
church until June, 1886, when he resigned to accept the call to 
become the pastor of a Reformed church in New York State. 
After preaching in that place for several years, finding the 
climate too severe, at the advice of physicians, he removed to the 
Reformed Church of High Bridge, N. J. He remained at High 
Bridge for several years when he removed to California on 
account of his health and is now living there as the pastor of 
a Presbyterian church. 

Rev. Theodore Frelinghuysen Chambers, 
the present pastor, came in the year 1887 and is still rendering 



( 0X HILL was originally the name of the 
whole region now centering in German 
Valley. It became the name at a later 
date of the church now called Fairmount. 
The history of this church should now 
follow. We condense the historical dis- 
course of Rev. W. O. Ruston, D. D., 
preached August 6th, 1876, at Fairmount. The church of Fox 
Hill was connected with the church of German Vallev until 
1843. Previously to this date the same pastors served both 
churches. The first part of Rev. Mr. Ruston's historical sermon 
is largely omitted since it treats of the matters already pre- 
sented in the history of German Valley. 

It would seem probable that more than 130 years ago there 
was an old log church at the foot of the hill, on the farm of 
Mrs. Kate Sutton, now farmed by Mr. George S. Hoffman. 
May it not be that it was in this church that Michael Schlatter 
preached in July, 1747, when he speaks of preaching in the 
church of Fox Hill ? All this is buried in deep obscurity, 
from which there seems to be no resurrection. 
The Second Church Building. 
About 120 or 125 years ago it was determined to build a new 
house for the service of the living God. Ground was obtained 
for this church on the hill known as Fox Hill, then called 
Foxenburgh — the site of the present church. The name Foxen- 
burgh was derived from the original owner of the hill — a man 

128 Early Germans of New Jersey 

named Fox. It seems that this Fox was a very enterprising 
farmer, introducing a new and superior variety of wheat into 
the country. The people took such a fancy to this brand that 
they would come to Fox's place from a gTeat distance around 
to buy wheat. Hence it began to be said they were going to 
Foxenburgh — and this name has clung to it ever since. It may 
be interesting to note that this Fox lived on the farm now 
owned by Mr. J. Van Dervoort Welsh, in an old log house in 
the hollow below the house now occupied by Mr. Jacob Helde- 

The land on which the church stands was given to the con- 
gregation by Jame6 Parker, the non-resident owner of a vast 
tract of country in this neighborhood, and from whom the place 
was called Parkersville. 

On this spot a church was finally erected and dedicated to 
God Almighty. The exact date of the building of this church 
can not now be determined, and we can only approximate 
thereto. It must have been built before 1760, as by the testi- 
mony of old persons, now dead, it was standing at that date. 

The old church must have been a curious affair from all 
that is said abeut it. Those who worshipped in it in their 
younger days — and there are many yet living — describe it as a 
wooden structure, shingled, not only on the roof, but on the 
sides also — it was a shingle church. Inside it was neither 
lathed nor plastered, but boarded up. The floor was formed of 
two-inch plank, not nailed, but pinned down. The seats were 
the plainest and most substantial that could be made, consisting 
simply of a board properly supported, and another board nailed 
up perfectly straight for a back. The house was lighted by 
two rows of windows, and the shutters consisted of plain boards 
with long iron bands to secure them in position. Galleries 
surrounded the church, while the pulpit was not placed at the 
end, as is customary, but on one side. This pulpit was hung 
up, as one who in youth often worshipped there has aptly 
described it, " like a swallow's nest," and a large sounding- 
board held up by a rod of iron formed a fitting cover for the 
"Dominie." The women used to bring their little foot-stoves 
with them, and stopping at some friend's house near the church 

Fairmount Presbyterian Church 129 

would light a charcoal fire, and so keep their feet warm during 

The building of 

A New Church 

was determined on, and finally, in 18 16, the edifice was erected. 
This church was built on the site of the present one, though it 
was smaller in dimensions ; galleries were on three sides. 

It was a stone church, like the present one, and, no doubt, 
was a fine church for the day in which it was built. This 
building cost $2,850. 

In the following year, 1817, the church was incorporated 
according to law, and a board of trustees elected under the 
corporate name of " The President and Trustees of the First 
Presbyterian Church in Parker's Village, on Fox Hill." Henry 
Miller was President. The church was now fully organized 
and ready for work. 

Mr. Castner did a good work in bringing about a better 
observance of the Sabbath. Mr. Castner was succeeded by 

Rev. John C. Van Dervoort. 

Mr. Van Dervoort had not as yet completed his education, but 
was still studying in the seminary at New Brunswick. 

The Presbytery at first complained against his course as 
irregular and unpresbyterian, but it finally ordained and in- 
stalled him. He preac ed at German Valley and Fox Hill, 
giving two Sundays at he former place and one at the latter. 
Although not what would be called an able man, Mr. Van 
Dervoort was a most excellent pastor, reaching by his tender, 
earnest appeals the sinner s heart. He did not confine his 
labors to the Sabbath, but during the week, at the log farm- 
houses, or wherever he could gather a few together, he would 
preach the glorious gospel of Christ. Thus it was that from 
house to house he proclaimed Jesus Christ and him crucified. 
One incident will exhibit his characteristic zeal and earnest- 
ness, and will show how he would exhort the people till they 
were greatly moved. On one occasion he took for his text 
Prov. 29: 1, " He, that being often reproved hardeneth his 
neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy." 

130 Earl Germans of New Jersey 

In the course of his remarks he said : " I have prayed with 
you, I have urged you, I have warned you, I have done every- 
thing to show you the danger, and I have pointed out the 
remedy. What more can I do ? This I will do : I will implore 
you here on my knees no longer to harden your necks" — and 
falling on his knees in the pulpit, he continued his sermon in 
the attitude of prayer, producing a most powerful impression. 
After a very successful ministry, he left here in 1827 to take 
charge of the church of Basking Ridge. 

In 1828 

Rev. Mancius Smede Hutton 
entered upon his duties as pastor of the two churches of Ger- 
man Valley and Fox Hill. At this time the elders of the church 
were Morris Crater, John C. Salter, George A. Vescelius and 
Philip Crater. 

Mr. Hutton met with notable success in his ministrations, 
and at one time there was a very powerful revival in the 
church. The result of this special outpouring of God's Spirit 
was the addition of more than forty members to the church, 
and throughout his pastorate many were continually added. 

Dominie Hutton left here to accept a call to the South 
Dutch Church of New York. Never has there been a pastor 
so greatly beloved as he. 

During the year 1835 

James Scott 
was installed pastor of the two churches that had so long been 
united together. 

During Mr. Scott's ministry thirty-eight were united to the 
church — twenty-six on profession of faith. 

On the 26th of March, 1843, Joseph Magee and John J. 
Crater were ordained elders by Mr. Scott, though he had 
already been dismissed by Presbytery to accept a call to the 
Dutch Church of Newark. 

The following resolutions were passed at the congregational 
meeting which accepted the resignation of Mr. Scott, February 
14th, 1843 : 

Resolved, 1st, That the congregation of Fox Hill shall 
acquiesce in the decision of Presbytery. At the same time they 

Fairmount Presbyterian Church 131 

wish Presbytery to understand that nothing but what appears 
to be the movement of Providence could lead them to consent 
to the separation of a union so blessed to them, and one so 
universally acceptable. 

Resolved, 2d, That in accordance with the recommendation 
of our pastor, Mr. Scott, if Presbytery dissolve the relationship 
this congregation take measures to support the gospel the 
whole of a minister's time for the future." 

The church of Fox Hill now called as its first pastor the 
Rev. I. S. Davison. 
The effect of the change showed itself in a large ingathering 
of souls into the church. During his stay forty-seven persons 
were admitted to church membership, thirty-eight of them 
being on profession of their faith. 

In March, 1846, two new elders were elected — namely, Fred- 
erick P. Hoffman and George H. Lindebaury, who still remain 
with us — the only members of the session as constituted at 
that time now living. 

Mr. Davison sought and obtained a dissolution of the pas- 
toral relation in the spring of 1847. He still lives, being a 
teacher in the city of Brooklyn, N. Y. It is a very pleasing 
thought that all the pastors of this church, since its indepen- 
dent existence, except one (who died on the field), still live to 
do the Master's work. 

Mr. Davison was succeeded after a short interval by 
Rev. Charles M. Oakley. 

Mr. Oakley last autumn revisited his former charge. It was 
with great pleasure that the older members of the church once 
more welcomed their former pastor after twenty-five years' 
absence. He is a man of evident piety, having a spirit almost 
childlike in its simplicity and faithfulness. He eminently 
illustrates the childlike character of the Christian. Except ye 
be converted and become as little children, ye shall not enter 
into the kingdom of heaven. One such example of living 
Christianity is worth a hundred sermons. 

Eleven persons joined the church under his ministration, 
two of whom were by certificate from other churches. 

132 Early Germans of New Jersey 

Mr. Oakley is still [1876] preaching the everlasting gospel 
of peace — supplying at the present time the pulpit of the Pres- 
byterian Church at Amagansett, Long Island. 

Charles Wood 

became pastor in 1851, and remained here till 1855. The 
total membership was eighty-one, which seems to be about 
the average. Nineteen entered the church on profession, 
and eleven by certificate, making thirty in all, showing a good 
degree of success. Two new elders were added, Conrad Rarick 
in 185 1, and Philip Philhower in 1853. 

The most important event of Mr. Wood's ministry was the 
building of the present church. The old church began to be 
in such a dilapidated condition that a change was needed. 
The contract was made and the building commenced on the 
site of the old structure. The present church is considerably 
larger than the old one, though it has but one gallery 7 , while 
the other had three. The whole cost of building and furnish- 
ing the church was $3,800, and at its dedication only $450 re- 
mained as a debt on the church. The dedication took place 
July 25th, 1852, the sermon being preached by Dr. M. S. Hut- 
ton, the former pastor. 

Before the dedication of the church it was determined to 
have a bell in the tower. The effort was made and the bell 
was obtained. It was a great day when the bell was hung, and 
the people turned out far and near to lend a helping hand. 
Fox Hill in this respect was in advance of the neighboring 
churches, having its bell before German Valley, New German- 
town or Lamington. The first bell in the neighborhood was 
owned by the Congregational Church of Chester. This was 
many years ago. The first time this bell was rung, the people 
crowded from all around to hear, and some even went from 
Fox Hill for that purpose, and these may remember the min- 
ister's coming to the door and saying that, as the bell was 
about to ring, they must hold their horses, lest they should run 
away; and so even- man stood by his horse's head while the 
sexton rang the bell. These are past days, and with the past 
has gone much of the simplicity and naivete" that characterized it. 

Fairmount Presbyterian Church 133 

In Nathaniel B. Klink 
the church again found a leader. Mr. Klink was a man of con- 
siderable ability, and during the four years of his pastorate 
there was quite a revival — fifteen joining the church at one 
time. During his ministry the church received twenty-six 
new members. 

In 1856 Morris Rarick and Peter H. Hoffman were elected 
elders, neither of whom now act. 

Mr. Klink will be remembered not only as a preacher, but 
also as a farmer. He was well trained in the farmer's life, and 
on the little parsonage lot he would raise grain that all the 
farmers envied. His spring pigs would weigh in October 250 
or 275 pounds, and he had pork to sell. His chickens were 
wonderful ; and he would sell eggs all the year round. He 
kept two cows, and the butter made under the supervision of 
Mrs. Klink was most excellent. Thus Mr. Klink was a leader, 
not only in the pulpit, but out of it in the daily toil of a 
farmer's life. 

After an interval of over a year, 

Rev. John R. Willox 

was chosen pastor, and this choice being confirmed by Presby- 
tery, he was installed in 1861. As Mr. Willox was so well known 
to those present, it will not be necessary to enter on any very 
extended narrative of his pastorate. He remained longer in 
charge than any minister since the days of Caspar Wack. 
Twelve years he labored among you, and it was not till the 
Master called that he laid down the charge which you had 
given him. 

Mr. Willox was born in October, 1810. near Aberdeen, Scot- 
land. He came to this country and taught school for a time in 
the Valley. Becoming dissatisfied with Presbyterian doctrine, 
he left that church and joined the Lutheran, studying in the 
Lutheran Theological Seminary at Gettysburg. His first 
charge was at Friesburg, Salem Co., N. J., and finally he 
removed to Riegelsville, Pa., where he was very successful in 
his labors, 160 being united to the church during his ministry 
there. In 1861, having become convinced that the Westminster 

134 Early Germans or New Jersey 

statement of doctrine contains " that system of doctrine taught 
in the Holy Scriptures," he sought a return to the Presbyterian 
fold. Hence he accepted the call to the Presbyterian Church 
of Fox Hill. During his long pastorate of twelve years, 54 
persons joined the church on profession, and 5 by certificate, 
making a total of 59. He baptized 64 infants, and married no 
less than 93 couples. 

In the year 1869 the church name was changed by an Act 
of the Legislature to the " First Presbyterian Church of Fair- 
mount," and no longer can it be called Fox Hill — that is a 
thing of the past. 

In this year Philip P. Hoffman and John Rinehart were 
added to the board of elders. 

In 1870 a fair was held, the second made by this church. 
This fair was very successful, so that your committee were 
enabled to refit the church and repair the parsonage. 

But the faithful pastor was never permitted to worship in 
the church as renewed. On the 23d of February, 1873, ms 
spirit went home to its reward. Let me quote a few words 
from the funeral discourse of Rev. I. A. Blauvelt : " During 
his last illness, in speaking of his religious life, he said that he 
had often felt doubts of his final acceptance with God. Since 
he had been sick, however, and expecting to die, he had fresh 
disclosures of the love and mercy of God ; ' and now,' said he, 
I have a full assurance of hope — not that wild, enthusiastic 
assurance of which some speak, but it is an assurance like that 
spoken of by the Erskines and the Alexanders — an assurance 
which rests upon the complete atonement of Jesus Christ.' And 
then he went on to say that he took no comfort in looking over 
his past life ; that had been sinful. His hope all rested on 
Jesus Christ, whose blood cleanseth from all sin. And he con- 
tinued to speak in this way through his entire sickness. He 
very often repeated the hymn, 

' Rock of ages, cleft for me, 
Let me hide myself in thee.' 

The expressions of entire self-distrust and helpless reliance on 
Jesus Christ which this hymn contains seemed exactly adapted 

Fairmount Presbyterian Church 135 

to his views and feelings. When he had come face to face with 
death, he was made to feel that Jesus Christ was all." 

So died John R. Willox. He has gone to his rest, and is 
waiting for those to whom he so long ministered to join him in 
glory. " Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from 
henceforth ; yea, saith the spirit, that they may rest from their 
labors ; and their works do follow them." 

On the 20th day of September, 1873, 

Rev. Frank P. Tompkins 
was elected pastor. His stay was short, and marked by no 
event of general interest, and on July 26th, 1874, the pulpit was 
again declared vacant. 

During the next year the church was distracted by a mul- 
tiplicity of candidates, and it was not till September 1st, 1875, 
that they were able to unite. At that time a call was made 
out for your present pastor, 

Rev. William Otis Ruston, 
who accepted it, subject to the consent of Presbytery, which, at 
its fall meeting, granted the request of this congregation, and 
your pastor was installed on the 5 th of October. 

During the past winter God has graciously visited your 
community, and many souls have been gathered into his garner. 

You have also deemed it wise to adopt the plan of term 
eldership, and have elected to the office of ruling elder the 
following persons : George E. Salter, Frederick Hoffman, 
Elias Hockenbery and Peter Hoffman, in addition to George H. 
Lindaberry and Philip P. Hoffman re-elected. These were 
ordained and installed on Sunday, May 6th. 

There have been three churches erected on this spot — 1st, 
the old shingle church ; 2d, the first stone church, 1816 ; 3d, the 
second stone church, 185 1. 

And now, brethren, from this history gather courage. The 
church has seen many a day of trial and dismay, 'lut " hitherto 
hath the Lord helped us." It is the Church of C irist, and we 
feel assured the gates of hell shall not prevail ag; <nst it. Out 
of the depths God has again and again brought yo , and to-day 
you are stronger than ever before. This is the old church con- 

136 Early Germans of New Jersey 

secrated by the memories of your fathers. Give it your vener- 
ation, your love, your devotion. From the past gather strength 
for the future, and go forward rejoicing always in the Lord. 

Dr. Ruston, whose admirable historical discourse we have 
had to condense, is now the pastor of the First Presbyterian 
Church of Dubuque, Iowa. He is also vice-president of an 
institution for the education of German ministers to labor 
among their fellow-countrymen in the West. 

Dr. Ruston remained until February, 1877, when he was 
followed by the 

Rev. Titus Elwood Davis, 
whose pastorate continued for three years. 

Mr. Davis was born at Flatbush, Ulster, Co., N. Y., April 
15th, 1851 ; graduated from Rutgers College, 1874; from the 
Theological Seminar}- at New Brunswick, 1877. He was 
licensed to preach May 23d, 1877, and was ordained and in- 
stalled as pastor of Fairmount Church August 12th. 1877. He 
resigned on account of ill health in 1880. Since 1890 he has 
been pastor of the Presbyterian Church at Bound Brook. In a 
letter to the writer he speaks with great pleasure of his minis- 
try at Fairmount and still cherishes the friendships formed 
while he was pastor there. He was succeeded by the 

Rev. Edwin W. Long, 
who began his ministry September 18th, 1880, and resigned 
April 28th, 1884. Mr. Long was well known and greatly 
respected by the neighboring congregation of German Valley 
as well as by his own people. He is now laboring most ac- 
ceptably as pastor of the Green Hill Church, at Wilmington, 
Delaware. The church was vacant for three years when the 

Rev. John Rutherford 
was installed as pastor May — , 1887, and resigned February* 
1 89 1 . Mr. Rutherford was a man of a good mind, a genial dis ■ 
position and an earnest spirit. He was followed by the candi- 

Tillman S. Rush 

June 13th, 1891. He resigned 12th November, 1893. 



EBANON, as it is now called, is a village 
of modern origin, but as the site of a 
church its history belongs to the first 
settlement of New Jersey by the Ger- 
mans. Before the old church was built 
in the old graveyard, there was a build- 
ing erected in Potterstown near by, which 
was dedicated on Saturday, September nth, 1731, by Rev. W. 
C. Berkenmeier, pastor of the Dutch Lutheran Church of New 
York. But we can carry the history of this place still farther 
back. For there is a strong probability that the first German 
Lutheran service, of which we have any record, was held on 
the site of this church on the first of August, 17 14. For we 
find that at that date a son of John Peter Appelman was 
baptised " at the house of Ari de Guinea on the Raritans, at 
our Christian Lutheran gathering." This was the record en- 
tered by Rev. Justus Falckner in the church book of the First 
Lutheran Church of New York City. Now we learn that the 
plantation, or which the church at Potterstown was situated, 
was sold to Matthias Sharfenstein on the 29th of July, 1741, by 
Aree Vangenee [the same as Ari de Guinea]; and by Matthias 
Scharfenstein's heirs was sold to Cornelius Wyckoff on the nth 
of May, 1 76 1. The words of special interest in the deed are, 
" containing about 132 acres, be it the same more or less, ex- 
cepting always forth of the same, a small lot formerly conveyed 
to William M. Kinney [McKinney?], and one other where the 

138 Early Germans of New Jersey 

Lutheran meeting house is built, both of them containing about 
one acre and half a quarter of an acre." 

This farm was located by the late Judge Thompson, of 
Readington, who had surveyed formerly all through that 
vicinity, in Potterstown, placing the church on the site of the 
former tavern building. The only ground for doubt is the 
statement that Ari Vangenee bought the farm in question on 
the 3d or 4th of April, 1730, from Benjamin Rounseval. This 
may mean simply that he got his deed at that date. At all 
events, however it may be with the church service held in 
1 7 14, there is no doubt at all about the service there in 1731. 
There was a church at the same time near Pluckamin devoted 
to German Lutheran and probably also, if preachers could be 
found, to German Reformed service. Of course the church at 
Lebanon was the successor of this church at Potterstown. It 
is most probable that this church building, east of Lebanon, 
was used by Rev. John Conrad Wirtz during his pastorate from 
ITS - 1 ? 6 *- 

As the two churches at German Valley and Fairmount were 
built 1 761, to take the place of the one building which was 
between these places on the "'Aunt Katie Sutton farm," so it 
seems probable, that, as a result of Mr. Wirtz's labors, a church 
was erected near its present site at Lebanon at the same time. 

The visits of Rev. Michael Schlatter, from 1747 to 1750, to 
this place, then called Rockaway, have been already narrated. 

The congregation was taken under the care of the Presby- 
tery of New Brunswick. In doing which measures were taken 
by the Presbytery to avoid giving offense to the Dutch 
Reformed body. Werts was taken up as a probationer on 
Sept. 3d, 1 75 1, and having received a call from the congrega- 
tion of Rockaway in Lebanon township, on the 9th of May, 
1752, he was ordained as their pastor on the 5th of June, 1752. 
It is not at all unlikely that Werts had been laboring among 
the Gerruan Reformed churches of New Jersey for several 
years before 1751. 

The history of Lebanon church belongs to that of German 
Valley, Stillwater, Alexandria and Amwell, as these churches 

The Reformed Church of Lebanon 139 

were all served by the same ministers most of the time. We 
may add to these "Sussex Court House." 

Caspar Michael Stapel, 
who lived in Amwell township and served the German 
Reformed church near what is now Ringoes, probably also 
preached in Lebanon. He was succeeded by Frederick Dal- 
licker and he by Caspar Wack. The history of these minis- 
ters is given in connection with the history of German Valley. 

In June, 1788, the High Dutch Reformed congregation in 
Lebanon township was incorporated. The officers mentioned 
in the act of incorporation (on record at Trenton), were Peter 
Aller, Jacob Gearhart, Peter Young, Peter Henry, George 
Gearhart, Hans Peter Apgar. 

The modern history of the church or the period when the 
preaching was altogether in English, began with the pastorate of 

Rev. Jacob I. Shultz, 
who according to his own record in the church book, accepted 
a call from the United Congregations of Rockaway and Rock- 
away in Lebanon, September 29th, 1816, and was ordained and 
installed their pastor on November 26th, 1816. 

The last record of baptisms by Rev. Caspar Wack is made 
in the handwriting of Mr. Shultz. They occurred on May 27, 
1816. During his sixteen [or eighteen ?] years pastorate he 
baptised 334 children and adults. This is a remarkable show- 
ing and would seem to indicate either a very large field of labor 
or a larger birth-rate than is the case to-day. Mr. Shultz was 
succeeded by the 

Rev. Charles P. Wack, 
whose record of baptisms begins July, 1835. From this date 
until July 12th, 1840, only 73 baptisms are recorded. The last 
baptism performed by Mr. Shultz was on April 25th, 1835. 

In Mr. Wack's place came the 

Rev. Robert Van Amburgh, 
who was twice called to be pastor of the Lebanon church, in 
1740 and again in 1753, after he had been away for five years. 
Mr. Van Amburgh was born January 9th, 1809, near Pough- 
keepsie, N. Y. He was engaged in work on a farm until he 
was twenty years of age, when he was converted and decided 

i4° Early Germans or New Jersey 

to study for the ministry. He graduated from Rutgers Col- 
lege in 1837 and from the Theological Seminary in the same 
city in 1840. His first charge was at Lebanon, where he was 
the means of increasing the size of the congregation and where 
he was abundant in labors over a field of labor eight or ten 
miles square. He resigned from this charge in August, 1847, 
but was called a second time by this congregation to be their 
pastor in August, 1853, when almost immediately the old brick 
church gave place to a new, convenient and elegant frame 
structure. During the interval between his two terms of ser- 
vice as pastor in Lebanon, Mr. Van Amburgh had been pas- 
tor of a church at Fordham, N. Y., and from there he removed 
to be the pastor at Hughsonville, N. Y. He also took charge 
in 1869 of the church at High Bridge, N. J., which he had been 
instrumental in organizing. He next took charge of the church 
at Lower German Valley, and afterwards of the church of 
Annandale, also organized under his auspices. Here he re- 
mained pastor until 1878, when he retired from the active 
ministry. He lived until his death in the village of Lebanon. 

During the interval that separated Mr. Van Amburgh's two 
pastorates, the church was served by the 
Rev. John Steele 
for a period of five years from 1848 to 1853. 

The next pastor was the 

Rev. William B. Van Benschoten, 
who came in the year 1870 and remained until 1873. 

Rev. Joseph R. Campbell 
succeeded Mr. Van Benschoten in the year 1873 and remained 
for two years. 

Rev. S. W. Roe, D. D., 
became the pastor of this church in the year 1875, and resigned 
in the year 1881. 

Rev. William E. Davis, 
is the present pastor, and his ministry in this field promises to 
continue for a longer period than that of any of his predeces- 
sors. In September, 1893, he celebrated the twelfth year of 
his pastorate there, and also the anniversary of the origin of 
the church. 




HE name Long Valley is by which Ger- 
man Valley was first known, and by this 
name the earliest surveys were located. 
It is marked on the map by the course 
of the South Branch of the Raritan from 
its descent into the valley below Flanders 
to its union with Spruce Run Creek at 
Clinton. The village of High Bridge forms a convenient ter- 
minus at the southern end. In length it extends in a south- 
westerly direction for about eighteen or twenty miles. It is 
situated between Schooley's Mountain on the west and Fox 

Hill on the east. 


the northernmost town in the valley, is a small hamlet pic- 
turesquely situated, which was formerly a scene of considerable 
industry in the old time forms of manufacturing. 

'Burr Montanye in 1808 made high hats from Muskrat skins 
and also from wool. A bill of the above date was presented to 
Jonathan Nicholas for 56 dollars for a number of hats. 

John Ayers was one of the first settlers. His house proba- 
bly occupied the site of the present residence of David Ayers 
Nicholas his grandson. John was the grandson of Moses Ayers 
of Basking Ridge. John Ayers moved from the latter place to 
Mendham, and from there to Flanders, where he bought 19 

i43 Early Germans or New Jersey 

acres in 1763. This land includes a large part of the present 

The first school house was a log building and stood on the 
site of Mr. D. A. Nicholas store. The present school building 
is the second on the same lot, which was bought in 1805. 

Jonathan Nicholas was another of the early settlers. He 
came from Wales with a brother, who died during the Revolu- 
tionary war. His son Rhece, the father of David A., married 
Elisabeth, the daughter of John Ayers. 

William Bell, Matthias Luse, Daniel Barber, William Monroe 
and Paul Drake, a blacksmith, were also landowners here at a 
very early date. 

The land on which the village is situated was part of the 
Breeches tract, 563 acres of which were sold to Jabesh Heaton 
by William Allen in 1770. 

There are in the village three general stores, kept by Floyd 
Woodhull, Rev. Daniel E. Frambes and the one lately carried 
on by David A. Nicholas. A grist mill and blacksmith and 
creamery add to the business of the place. 

One of the earliest Methodist Churches in this State was 
established here in 1788. The Presbyterian Church is a 
daughter of the Chester congregation. The post office was 
established in 1822, and from 1827 to about 1867 it was in 
marge of Rhece Nicholas and his son David. 

is two miles south of Flanders. It contains the foundry and 
machine shop of Wm. Bartley & Sons. Established in 1846, 
this firm have enlarged their business, until they are now 
extensive manufacturers of portable saw mills, turbine water 
wheels, bark mills and general machinery. 

In this place a forge was started about 70 years ago by 
David Welsh, the fourth, who was succeeded by Kempel and 
he by Hugh Bartley. 

The upper line of the Budd tract runs through the mill 
pond in a course north twenty-six west across the valley. This 
tract was taken up by John Budd October 22d, 17 14 [Burling- 
ton Lib. fol. ], and contained 1804 acres. This was sold 22 
June, 1733, to Wm. Allen. The northernmost farm, of 310 

Settlers of Upper German Valley 143 

acres, on this tract was bought by Dietrick Struble, a mason, 
December 17th, 1770, for ^166 ($442.66). This farm is now 
divided into the farms belonging to the John P. Sharp and the 
Decue estates. Dietrick Struble was one of the first elders of 
the Reformed church in the Valley. He came from Germany 
and arrived at Philadelphia on the 5th of September, 1748. 
His wife's name was Elisabeth Catherine and he had at least 
eleven children, whose descendants are found in Sussex, War- 
ren and Hunterdon counties and in Pennsylvania. He removed 
from the Valley to Hampton township, Sussex Co., and is said 
to have died in Pennsylvania at 100 years of age. 

Matthias Able bought the next farm of 109 acres of Wm. 
Allen before 1767. This Matthias was probably a brother of 
MichaeL Paul and Andrew, and a son of Matthias, who arrived 
in Philadelphia from Germany in 1728, Sept. 4th, in ship Rose- 
tree. This family is quite numerous and settled also at Hack- 
lebarney and in Tewksbury township, Hunterdon Co. The 
Able farm was owned in succession by Jacob Arnold, Philip 
Darmer, William Welsh and Morris Sharpenstein, who bought 
it in 1800. It included the mill property at Four Bridges. 

Morris Sharpenstein bought the next farm of 361 acres on 
the 31st of March, 1767, of Wm. Allen for .£344 ($917.33), and 
divided it by will in 1781, between his two sons Morris and 
Peter. Morris was probably the oldest son of Matthias, who 
lived at Potterstown, Tewksbury township, Hunterdon Co. He 
may have been a nephew of the first John Peter Sharpenstein, 
who lived near German Valley. 

Anthony Waldorf bought the 258 acres between Sharp 
and the road crossing the valley at Naughright. Anthony, 
grandson of the first Anthony, was the last who owned the 
whole farm, which was divided in 1808 among his children. 

This family probably came from the town of Waldorf, 
whence the well known family of Astors originated. Anthony 
had six children, John, Martin, George. Anna, Margaret and 
Gertrude, the wife of Adam Rhinehart. They have disap- 
peared from this vicinity. This property was sold out in parts 
to Abraham Sharp, whose descendant, Frederick Sharp, now 
owns the larger part of it. 

144 Early Germans of New Jersey 

Conrad Rarick bought 150 acres in 1773 of William Hew- 
lings on the western side of the valley next to the Budd tract. 
This farm was part of 294 acres, surveyed to Daniel Smith, of 
Burlington, in 1754. Of the rest of this tract George, Joseph 
and Jacob Meyers appear to have been the owners. At any 
rate George sold 33 66-100 to Morris Alpock, May 7th, 1808 and 
118 to William Rarick in 181 1. 

This tract was surveyed to Daniel Smith [Burlington Lib. 
S, fol. 217], June 10th, 1754, and sold to William Hewlings 
February 23d, 1755. 

Conrad was the ancestor of all the Raricks who settled in 
this vicinity. He arrived at Philadelphia probably from 
Erbach, Wittenberg, October 8th, 1744, with Johannes Hend- 
rick., who may have been his father or brother. The latter 
appears on the court records of this county in 1753. He was 
one of the first elders of the Reformed church and sometimes 
read sermons in the absence of a minister. His eldest son 
Henry removed to Northern New York State and his other 
sons Conrad, John and William remained in New Jersey. 
Conrad also bought, May 28, 1767, lot No. 9 of the Boynton 
tract containing 143 acres. 


Christopher Kern received in 1766, Dec. 16, the deed for 
490 acres on which Naughright village now stands. He had 
settled upon the land some years previously. He paid ^466 
($1,242) to Wm. Allen for the land. [Trenton Lib. A F, fol. 
81]. The Kern family is scattered throughout northwestern 
New Jersey and Canada. It is supposed that Christopher's 
father Jacob came to Philadelphia from Germany in 1739 in 
the "Jamaica Galley." It is claimed that considerable prop- 
erty is awaiting the heirs of John Jacob in the old country. 
The Kern property included what are now the farms of Elias 
Buchanan, John T. and John D. Naughright. 

The village of Naughright contains a grist mill now turned 
into a felt factory, a store and a blacksmith shop. It was 
formerly a place of very busy activity, a large busiuess in 
wagon making being carried on by the late John Naughright. 
A creamery is situated about a mile north of the village, owned 


Settlers of Upper German Valley 145 

until lately by the Hon. Wm. Naughright. Iron mines were 
opened on the mountain west of the village by the late Theo. 
Naughright, but proved unremunerative. 

A Union Chapel was erected a few years since above the 
school house and religious service and a Sabbath school are 
regularly maintained. William S. Fisher is the Superintendent 
of the latter. The store belongs to George Swackhamer, of 
German Valley. Mr. Axford, a veterinary surgeon, owns the 
blacksmith shop and Hamley and Batson carry on the felt 

Herman Bitzer occupied the last farm on the Budd or 
Allen tract as early as 1750 and until it was purchased by John 
Peter Scharpenstein. Nothing is known of the Bitzer family, 
except that the name occurs among the settlers at Annsburg, 
near Rhinebeck, in 1711. This farm of 455 acres included the 
farms of Willard Apgar, the Wyckoff and Lambert Sharp 
place, and perhaps the Henry Wise, the Baldwin and Lance 

Frederick Sovereign bought May 10, 1768, part of the 
Ebenezer Large survey or 240 acres for ^125 ($333). This 
survey joins the Budd tract on the west. This land, 240 
acres, was sold by Sovereign on May 21st, 1801, to Garret Lake 
for $2,400. The name Sovereign was originally spelled, as 
signed to the deed to Garret Lake in German hand-writing, 
Friedrick Zofrin. Frederick may have been the son of 
Johannes Soeffrens, who landed at Philadelphia 19th September 
1734. He had probably ten children, of whom one, David, 
bought a farm on the Robins' tract north of his fathers, and 
another, Frederick, removed to Sussex Co. The Sovereens of 
Pottersville, engaged in the iron furnace there are of this 
family. Some of the children of the second generation removed 
to New York State. 

Garret Lake was the first of the name in Morris Co. His 
descendants still live on the original property. Silvester Lake 
owns the original homestead. Garret was a Quaker, and came 
from Hunterdon Co. He was the son of Garret, who died 
1 78 1 in Am well township, and the grandson of Thomas, who 
died 1765. The Rev. John W. Lake is a grandson of Garret. 



German Valley. 

HJR own village of German Valley is sit- 
i3i£5. t\ uate d on tne Logan tract of 1,666 2-3 
«* B^kIShk! ll acres, surveyed to James Logan on the 
1 2th of Ma}% 1 7 13 [Burlington, Lib. B, 
fol. 118, and Lib. E, fol. 154], and sold by 
^^"*. ^j^ d&f^s James to his son William on the 9th of 
^^5>!^fej^4*^^SJ/ July, 1743. It was resurveyed 20th June, 
1749, and found to contain 1,813 acres. This tract was all 
bought by, or at least the deeds were given at about the same 
time, 1749, to six purchasers, John Peter Scharpenstein, Philip 
Weise, Tunis (Anthony) Trimmer, William Welsch, Leonard 
Neighbor and Matthias Trimmer. 

The oldest part of the village is the grist mill, which was 
first run by Philip Weise, as early at least as 1767. In 1791 the 
mill belonged to Nitser and Welsh. Of the houses still stand- 
ing, the residence of Richard Schoenheit, called the Old Fort, 
F. D. Stephens house and the Hagar Weise residence, are the 
oldest and were probably built about 1774. The old Kager 
house is probably as old as the above. 

William Nitser was the first tavern keeper and he was fol- 
lowed by Jacob Drake, Jr., 1800-4 ; Lambert Boeman, 1805-9 ! 
David Welsh, Jr., 1810 ; Joseph Miller, 1811-13 ; Azal Coleman, 
1814-16 ; Philip Crater, 1816-18 ; William W. Willett, Archibald 
Sickley, James Fisher, Will. D. Lusk, David Crater, Philip 

Settlers of German Valley 147 

Crater, James R. Denniston, John McCarters, Will. Goodwin, 
George Crater, Augustus Mettler and Nelson Hyde. 

The grist-mill, referred to above, has been recently furnished 
with new process machinery, and is now owned and run by 
Isaac W. Dorland. M. T. Welsh carries on an extensive lumber 
and coal business ; and the stone quarries of Mr. Bartles and 
Mr. Schoenheit, the latter leased by Lyman Kice, are found to 
meet an increasing demand for superior building stone. John 
Todd is the blacksmith. 

John Peter Nitser, the first storekeeper, was succeeded by 
William Nitser and he by Lawrence Hager. 

The present stores are kept by George Swackhamer, in the 
building erected by Samuel Welsh ; by Jesse Weise, as the 
successor of Hagar Weise and his son Edward ; by Lyman 
Kice, succeeding his father-in-law Morris Naughright. The 
F. D. Stephens Co., agents for the Florida steam heaters and 
engaged in the tin-ware and stove business, carry on an exten- 
sive business. Also the Allen and Van Nest Steam Heating 
Co., have their headquarters here. 

The German Valley Quarterly, formerly The Independent 
Quarterly, has been published here for twelve years and has 
attained a circulation of nearly four thousand. The two 
churches, Lutheran and Presbyterian, both date back 150 years. 
Johannes Peter Scharpenstein bought the first farm in 
the northern part of the tract. He was in actual possession of 
the 210 acres, for which he paid .£100 ($366), when he received 
his deed in Philadelphia on the 8th of December, 1749- His 
farm, like the others, ran across the tract from one side of the 
valley to the other. It is probable that John Peter was a 
brother of Matthias Scharpenstein, of Potterstown, and there 
fore an uncle of Morris of the Upper Valley. He died intestate 
in 1760. He had at least seven children : Morris, Mary Cath- 
erine, the wife of Lawrence Hager, the first ; John Peter, whose 
descendants are all those of the name of Sharp now living in 
this vicinity; Anna Maria, the wife of William Hann (son of 
William 1st); Jacob, who kept a tavern at Hackettstown ; 
George, who removed to Sussex Co., near Lafayette, where his 
descendants are still found ; and Anthony, who lived for a time 

148 Early Germans of New Jersey 

on Schooley's Mountain, but afterwards moved away. 

An account of the other families of this name, who lived 
near Lebanon and in Greenwich township, Warren Co., will be 
found in the genealogies in Part IT of this work. It is quite 
probable that the Sharps, as the name is now spelled, came 
from the vicinity of Rhinebeck. If that should be found to be 
the case, then their origin in the old country was in the town 
of Sassenberg, County New Witt, or Neuwied, and their arrival 
was as early as 17 10. They are found in New Jersey as early 
as 1734. 

Philip Weise purchased the next farm of 262 acres for ^125 
($335), and was in actual possession, when he received his deed 
December 8th, 1749. He settled here probably as early as 
1743, if not in 1738 At this date he arrived in Philadelphia on 
September nth in the ship Robert and Olliver along with 
Leonard Neighbor, Stephen and John Michael Terriberry 
Philip Dufford, Sr., and Philip Dufford, Jr., and Heinrich 
Shenckle. Philip Weise had two sons, Philip and Jacob and 
two daughters, Elisabeth, the wife of John Hager, and Mar- 
garet, the wife of William Nitzer. His descendants are living 
on the original property. He or Philip, Jr., built the " Old 
Fort," now Richard Shoenheit's stone house, in 1784. 

Tunis Trimmer bought the farm next to Philip Weise of 
315 acres for ^150 ($400), 30th May, 1750. This farm included 
the farms now occupied by Mrs. Addie Hager and Matthias T. 
Welsh. Tunis was the son of John, of Hunterdon Co., and the 
brother of Matthias, of German Valley. He died 1754. His 
will [Trenton, Lib. 8, fol. 77], dated 7th November, probated 
21st December, 1754, names wife, Elisabeth, and children : 
Paul, the oldest ; Mary, who perhaps married 2d December, 
1768, Caleb Swayze ; and Anthony. Thomas Faircloe, who was 
appointed, Nov. 1st, 1770, the guardian of the son Anthony, 
may have married the widow Elisabeth and not, as we have 
stated in the genealogy, the daughter of Tunis. The property 
was bought by John Hager, one of the executors of the will, 
before 1759. 

Johannes Heger (Hager) had first settled in Hunterdon 
Co., Tewksbury township, and from there came to the valley 

Settlers of German Valley 149 

and occupied a part of the "leased lands." He was one of 
three brothers, Hans George Hegi, Johan Hagea and Jacob 
Hagea, who landed at Philadelphia from the ship Dragon 30th 
of September, 1732. One brother, probably George, went to 
New York State, and Jacob Hauge, or Hager, another brother 
died in Oxford township, Warren Co., in 1757. The descend- 
ants of the latter probably removed from the State. The 
Hagers, of Holland township, Hunterdon Co., are of another 
family and came from Pennsylvania to this State. John, of 
German Valley, had a son Lawrence, who remained in the val- 
ley; and John, who bought a property at Drakestown, 1763, and 
kept a tavern at the cross roads. Jacob, a third son, lived near 
Newberg, on the Musconetcong ; George bought 330 acres of 
land above Springtown on Schooley's Mountain, first about 
1776, then repurchased it in 1796. This property is in the pos- 
session of one of his descendants, Mrs. J. V. Stryker. David, 
the youngest, lived for a time on the mountain and then moved 
away. The late Hon. John Sharp Hager, Senator of the U. S. 
from California, was a great-grandson of John's oldest son, 
Lawrence. His father, Lawrence 2d, kept a store for many 
years in German Valley in the old stone store recently torn 

William Welsh, or Johannes Wilhelm Welsch, as it is in 
the original German, bought the farm next to Tunis Trimmer 
in the year 1743, as is stated in an old field book of Caleb 
Valentine. But he did not get a deed until probably the last 
payment was made on May 30th, 1750. He paid ,£122 ($325) 
for 258 acres. On the 8th of April, 1779, he sold to his son 
David 175 acres, part of which he had purchased from John 
Hager in 1759, November 5th. 

William and Michael Welsh arrived from Germany at Phil- 
adelphia, 27th September, 1741- 

Johannes Michael Welsch had a fulling mill on the Mus- 
conetcong, near Newberg, in 1768, but nothing further is known 
of him or his family. William married Elisabeth, a daughter 
of Leonard Neighbor, and had a son William, who became very 
wealthy owning land in Hunterdon and Morris counties. The 
first William was one of the first elders of the Reformed church. 

150 Early Germans of New Jersey 

Judge David, the first, was another son. He lived where Jacob 
Welsh now lives, and was a very prominent man in church 
and state. He had no children. Philip, a third son, lived for 
a time on the Isaac Roelofson farm at Naughright and then 
occupied the old homestead, now belonging to his grandson of 
the same name. The late John C. Welsh, Esq., was his grand- 
son. The latter was President, when he died, of the Hacketts- 
town National B^-nk, which owed its success very largely to his 
unusual shrewdness and practical sagacity. He was also in 
other respects a leading man in the community, whose counsel 
was sought by men from far and near, and he occupied most 
efficiently for many years the position of an elder and leader 
in the Presbyterian Church of his native place. 

Leonard Neighbor or Leonhard Nachbar, as the name was 
originally, bought the fifth farm of 310 acres, on the Logan 
tract for ^147 ($352)- This land was left to his only son 
Leonard 2d, by whom it was ordered to be sold to one of his 
family. Leonard 3d then bought the farm and left it at his 
death to his two sons, Leonard and Jacob, one taking the 
Arthur Neighbor place and the other the Silas Neighbor farm. 

Leonhard, the emigrant, might be called the " Father of 
the Valley," inasmuch as every Shenckel and every Welsh and 
nearly every Trimmer must trace their descent up to him. 
For his three daughters married respectively the heads of 
these families: Mary Elisabeth married John William Welsh, 
Anna Martha married Matthias Trimmer and Anna Margaret 
married Heinrich Schenckle. Of the children of Leonard 
Neighbor, 2d, Nicholas and David went West and founded the 
town of Newcomerstown, Ohio, about 1815. Their descendants 
are found also in Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas and California. Mr. 
Byron Roberts, of Topeka, Kansas, and Mr. L. B. Neighbor, of 
Dixon, Illinois, belonging to this family, are men of prominence 
in the community. " Uncle" David Neighbor, of Lower Val- 
ley, who was born 1797 and died 1892, at the age of 95 years, 
and whose birthdays were annually celebrated by large gath- 
erings in his home to do him honor, was remarkable for an 
equable temperament, a judicious mind, unimpeached integrity 
and a genial disposition, all of which were sanctified by a fer- 

Settlers of German Valley 151 

vent christian faith. He was an elder in the Presbyterian 
Church for many years ; a member of the Assembly and of the 
Constitutional Convention. His son James Leonard is a prom- 
inent lawyer of Dover, N. J. 

Matthias Trimmer bought the farm next to Leonard 
Neighbor, the last one of the Logan tract. He paid .£160 
($427) for 338 y* acres, of which he was in actual possession, 30 
Ma Y. ^S - This property now includes the farms of William 
Dufford and James Anthony. It was divided by Matthias in 
'793 between his sons John, who received 220 acres, and David, 
who received no acres. He also owned 30 acres on Schooley's 
Mountain, 265 acres in Lower Valley, which were left to his son 
Jacob, and on Fox Hill, 70, which went to David, and 150, 
which were given to Leonard. He owned altogether 845 acres. 

Matthias was the oldest son of John Trimmer, who came 
with his brother from Germany or Holland to America. The 
brother and his family cannot be traced. All of this name in 
Morris and Hunterdon counties are descendants of John. He 
probably arrived in ship Davy at Philadelphia on the 25th of 
October, 1738. He and his son Matthias were naturalized by 
act of Assembly in 1 744. He had twelve children by two wives, 
nine sons and three daughters. Four of his sons settled in the 
valley. Besides Matthias, "Yilliam settled east of Middle Val- 
ley and had one son Conrad ; Tunis on the Hager property, 
and Nicholas near Parker. George, Harbert and John settled 
in Amwell township, Hunterdon Co., where their descendants 
are still to be found. 

The Leased Lands 
included all the Budd and Scott tract. This tract was divided 
into farms, which were leased in 1747, for a term of one hun- 
dred years. The farms, however, were passed from owner to 
owner, and as the rent was small, it was not regularly paid and 
the settlers looked upon the land as theirs in fee simple. 

Disputes arose and the heirs of the original lessors scattered 
throughout the country refused to resign their title. In the 
meanwhile the land had arisen in value and was worth contend- 
ing for. For fifty years or more up to the year r844 the title 
to these farms was in dispute. No one cared to spend any 

152 Early Germans of New Jersey 

money in improvements, of which some one else might reap 
the benefit. Fences and buildings and the proper care of the 
land were largely neglected. Finally at the above date a com- 
promise was effected ; commissioners were appointed to sur- 
vey the whole tract and allot the different sums which each 
farm was to pay towards the whole amount, which had been 
agreed upon between the parties. The long contest was thus 
at length decided and new deeds were given, which were made 
valid by a special act of the legislature, passed the 8th of March, 

Beginning at the northern end of the Budd tract, the first 
farm of 200 acres wbs leased in 1747 to Jacob Dufford. A 
copy of this lease, now in the possession of James Anthony, 
will serve as a sample of the rest. It is dated the 20th of May, 

John Budd of the County of Morris, gentleman, and Sarah his wife, to Jacob 
Tefort. weaver of said county, gives a lease * * of a certain tract of land in 
that place called Long Valley, whereon he now dwells, lying on both sides of the 
Rarington River, bounded as follows * * by lands of James Logan and Stofe 
Terberger, * * the said Jacob Tefort from the 26th of March last past [1746], 
for and during the term of 96 years * * and the said Jacob Teford doth agree 
* * to pay 3 Spanish Pistolls [ ] of full weight on or before Nov. 1st next 

ensuing. On failure of payment of said rent, twenty days after the respective days 
of payment of said rent yearly * * the said John Budd may enter upon the 
leased lands themselves and seize &c. any goods or chattels &c. which shall be 
found thereon and keep them 20 days and if no payment be made to redeem them 
then the said John Budd may sell them at auction to the highest bidder and the 
overplus * * be returned to the lessee. The witnesses are Nathan Cooper; 
Andreas Kiliau ? and Johannes Heger are in german. This lease is endorsed on the 
back with the No. 5, and the words, John Trimmer and Adam Winegarden were 
present when I took possession of this plantation, with consent of Stephen and 
Jacob Tefort, Aug. 8, 1781. 

Jacob Dufford, to whom the lease was given, was the son 
of Philip Tofort or Dufford, who was the first of the name to 
come to the valley. He arrived at Philadelphia nth Septem- 
ber, 1738, in the ship Robert and Olliver. He was probably of 
Huguenot origin, the name being Devoor or Dufoor. (See 
Genealogies p. 342). He died 1767, his son Jacob having 
probably died before him. His son Adam prebably removed 
to Greenwich township, Warren Co., as his name is found on 
the " Old Straw Church" book. His son George has left no 
descendants in this vicinity. Philip, Jr., also disappeared very 

Settlers of German Valley 153 

early. Jacob is therefore the ancestor of all of his name in this 
section. Of his sons, Matthias settled on Schooley's Mountain, 
where he bought 185 acres of the Stevenson tract in 1775 ; 
George Stephen (" Yerestuffy") remained on the old place, now 
owned and occupied by Nathan Anthony and Abner Dilts. 

Stephen Terryberry (" Stofe Terberger") leased, in 1747, 
the farm of 150 acres, next to Dufford. This is the farm now 
owned by Isaac Sharp Vescelius. About 1796, when Jacob 
Trimmer bought his 600 acres below the county line, John 
Swackhamer moved from that place, where he was living, to 
the Terryberry place, which his son Frederick occupied for 
many years. Mr. Vescelius is a descendant, on his mother's 
side, from both these families. Stephen died 1776 and left two 
daughters, Margaret, who probably married John Swackhamer 
and Elisabeth, who married Adam Sager. His son George 
Frederick removed to Oxford township, Warren Co., and his 
son Philip settled upon Schooley's Mountain, where he owned 
considerable property which was left to his son Philip 2d, who 
died in 1852. 

Johannes Heger leased the next farm, which was after- 
wards owned in succession by William Welsh 2d, Aaron Howell 
and Anthony Trimmer, by whom it has been sold to his son 
the Hon. Hager Trimmer. 

Thomas Niel leased, in 1752, 166 acres east of the three 
farms mentioned above. Of this family nothing is known. In 
1744 John Dufford and Adam Hoffman divided this tract 
between them. 

Lorentz Schleicher ("Sliger") leased the next 200 acres 
in 1750. In 1844 this plantation included the land of I. Ves- 
selius (13^ acres), Dr. Sherwood (75.90), part of S. G. Hoffman 
and David Swackhamer. 

Lorentz was the father of all of his name. He was one of 
the signers in 1749, of Rev. J. A. Weygand's call. He had at 
least three sons : John Leonard, of whom nothing is known; 
Lorentz, who went to Wyoming, but whose son came back here 
and settled at Pleasant Grove ; John George, settled at Beattys- 

Peter Mains leased in 1747 the next farm of 133 acres. 

»54 Early Germans of New Jersey 

The Mains family, of which Peter was probably the first, re- 
moved to Stillwater and to Sparta, where they are still to be 
found. This farm was owned by David Miller in 1844. 

John Stine, leased in the same year, the next farm of 217 
acres. This farm was afterwards owned by Jacob Kern and 
George Wack. The Stine family have removed from this 

John Hendershot leased 13th April, 1747, 333 acres for 
eight years rent free, " to make improvements.' This planta- 
tion was afterwards, 1760, leased by Scott to Thomas Neil for 
84 years. The Neil family have disappeared. 

The first of the name of Hendershot was probably Michael, 
who came to New York in the second emigration in 17 10. He 
had probably six children, Casper, Maria Sophia, John Peter, 
Michael, Elisabeth, Eva and John. These children settled at 
Hackensack, in Monmouth and Sussex counties. Some of their 
descendants probably went to New York State. The John who 
settled on the leased lands is said to have come from Connec- 
ticut and to have afterwards removed from German Valley to 
Greenwich township, Warren count}'. The name would indi- 
cate that they came from Holland. 

Cornelius Hobbock took the next 150 acres in 1747. This 
included the farms of Silvester Neighbor and George Trimmer. 
The former of which has recently been purchased by Mr. 

The Hobbock, or Hoppock, family was probably of Holland 
descent. Cornelius was probably a brother of Hendrick, Teunis 
and Jost. The family is now scattered from Lambertville to 

Jacob Bodine held the lease for 133 acres, which now be- 
long to William N, Swackhammer. The Bodines descended 
from the Huguenot Jean Boudin, who came from the town of 
Medit, France, to London before 1681, with his wife Esther 
Bridon. He died on Staten Island in 1695. He had a son 
Francis, whose son Isaac settled at the North Branch. Jacob 
was probably the son of Isaac. Another son of Isaac, viz. 
Frederick, was probably the father of Gilbert, who lived in 


Settlers of German Valley 155 

Chester township, and whose daughter Elsie married Matthias 

On the east of the original Budd tract land had been bought 
by Scott from Daniel Smith. This was included in the leased 

Michael Pace, a son-in-law of the first Welsh, leased 1775, 
58 acres of this tract. This farm belonged to Philip Philhower 
in 1844. Michael kept a tavern here in 1772. He afterwards 
removed with his family to Wyoming, Pa. One son, John, 
remained here and was brought up by his uncle, Judge David 
Welsh. Two daughters, Elisabeth and Susan, married respec- 
tively, Conrad and William Rarick. Michael had a brother 
Daniel, whose son Frederick left many descendants settled for 
the most part in Mud street. 

William Trimmer, probably a son of the first John, in 1775 
leased 84 acres and Thomas Neil 3054 next to him. William 
appears to have had only one son, Conrad, who was the grand- 
father of Asa and Nathan Trimmer and of Uncle Jesse Hoffman. 

Middle Valley, 
about three miles from German Valley, is situated on the Budd 
tract or " the leased lands." 

Dr. Ebenezer K. Sherwood, a physician, was settled here 
more than half a century ago, practiced medicine in this region 
for 45 years, and at one time maintained a private asylum for 
the insane. He had come from Somerset county, having orig- 
inally belonged to Connecticut. His son, the Rev. Jonathan 
H. Sherwood, married Dr. Hutton's sister, and was for many 
years the beloved pastor of the Presbyterian Church at Milford, 
New Jersey. 

David W. Miller kept the store more than fifty years ago. 
His character is well described in the following obituary notice 
which appeared at the time of his death : 

In Brooklyn, N. Y., February 12th, David W. Miller, died 
in the 68th year of his age. There is a special significance and 
value in this notice, in that it is the record of the death of the 
last one of a family of nine brothers and sisters, in the lives and 
death of all of whom is strikingly illustrated the covenant faith- 
fulness of God. 

156 Early Germans of New Jersey 

The father of this family was one most fitly characterized 
by the phrase "An Israelite in whom is no guile." The mother 
was a woman remarkable for earnest, enthusiastic, active piety. 
These parents, as will be readily inferred, trained their house- 
hold in the fear and admonition of the Lord. And they were 
privileged before they died to see all their children in visible 
connection with the church of Christ, and leading lives of con- 
sistent piety ; they witnessed the joyful, triumphant departure 
of more than one of them, heard from over the sea, words of 
calm Christian faith of one who died in a far land ; and after 
they had ascended each of the surviving sons and daughters, as 
they successively departed, left behind them good evidence 
thai they had gone to join the covenant host. 

One of these was Jacob W. Miller, who served New Jersey 
in the Unjted States Senate twelve years ; another was William 
Miller, well known in Newark and vicinity as an orator of rare 
promise, but who died at an early age in the city of Paris, 
where he had gone in the vain hope of arresting the progress 
of a fatal malady. 

David W. Miller was born in German Valley, New Jersey, in 
the 3'ear 1799. He was a man of ardent, enthusiastic spirit, 
gifted with good intellectual powers, and especially a vivid 
imagination, and on several occasions addressed public assem- 
blies with marked effect. 

His leading characteristic was ardent devotion to the cause 
of Christ. In every agency that seemed fitted to advance that 
cause, he took an earnest, active and untiring interest. He was 
one of the earliest movers in the cause of Sunday schools in his 
county and State ; and one of the first addresses on that subject 
published in the State was from his pen. 

In the country neighborhood where he lived many years, 
some miles from any church, he sustained, much of the time 
almost unaided, the ordinances of religion, laboring untiringly 
in the Sunday school, the evening meeting, by prayer and ex- 
hortation and the reading of good books to quicken believers 
and save the impenitent. He delivered an able address at 
Morristown, N. J., 10th April, 1827, at an anniversary of the 
Morris County Sunday School Union. 

Settlers of German Valley 157 

He removed from German Valley to Brooklyn about the 
year 1848, and was there employed for a series of years alter- 
nately in private business and government employ. During 
the war he was for some time in the work of the Christian 
Commission, being actively engaged with earnest devotion and 
hearty satisfaction, as in his true work amongst the sick and 
wounded at City Point. 

During the last ten years of his life, with impaired health, 
and no regular business, he gave what strength he had to every 
good work that presented itself, being deeply interested in and 
a constant attendant upon the noon-day prayer meetings. 

The Miller family of this vicinity were descended from 
John Henry Miller or Mueller, who was born in the village 
of Niedermastahn in the Zweibrucken Palatinate, and came to 
Philadelphia 12th August, 1752. Henry had four children, 
Elisabeth, the wife of Christian Kline, Mary Catherine, the wife 
of Baltis Stiger, Henry, who settled at New Germantown, and 
David, who settled at Middle Valley. A daughter of the latter 
married Rev. John C. Vanderwoort. Of the other children of 
David, of Middle Valley, William W. and Jacob W. became 
prominent lawyers, the latter being first Senator of New Jersey 
and then of the United States, both being acknowledged to be 
men of pre-eminent gifts both as orators and lawyers. William 
W. however died young and left only the promise of a great 

Andreas Miller was the ancestor of another family of the 
same name, which settled in the vicinity of Hackettstown. 



Lower Valley, Califon and High Bridge. 
Lower Valley. 

|EGINNING with the county line of Hun- 
terdon county we enter upon the West 
Jersey Society tract. This comprised 
speaking generally all of what is now 
Hunterdon county, at least that part of 
it which is west of a line drawn from 
Pickels Mountain to Pottersville and north 
of the boundary line, which runs between Hunterdon and 
Mercer counties. 

It contained 91,800 acres, of which there was owned, before 
1760, by Allen and Turner 10,800 acres; by Coxe and Kirk- 
bride, 11,377 ; by Coxe and King, 1,527 ; by Hoff and Bonnell, 
500; by Harmon Rosencrants 568; by Alexander, Morris, 
White and Dunstar, 10,500 ; surveyed and laid out in farms 

As early as 1735 this tract was settled by a number of people 
and leases were given for four years to 98 families of farms in 
size from 50 to 300 acres. A list of these names will be found 
in the appendix. These were all the settlers on the whole 
tract with the exception of the ten thousand acres sold to Coxe 

Settlers of the Lower Valley 159 

and Kirkbridge, which extended from Clinton to Flemington. 

Jacob Trimmer, son of Matthias 1st, bought a tract of 603 
acres from Livingston, being lots No. 68 and 69 of his allot- 
ment, for .£1809 ($1809 ?) gold or silver, 4th July, 1797. The 
land is described as now in the possession of John Swackham- 
mer. There was excepted from this purchase a farm of 81 
acres previously (4th July, 1794) sold to Rev. Caspar Wack. 
This well known Trimmer tract is now in possession of Jacob's 

John Swackhammer, son of Samuel, the emigrant, was 
charged in the year 1766 with the rent of lot No. 69, of 448 
acres, valued then at .£896, and Jacob Cummins with the rent 
of lot No. 68 of 238 acres. 

Samuel Swackhammer settled on a part (162 acres), which 
he had bought, of a tract of 376 acres, which belonged to 
Anthony White, at least as early as 1762, and it majr be that 
this was where he was settled in 1735. This tract extended 
from the road to Califon from the Lower Valley, southwesterly 
on both sides of the South Branch, two-thirds of the distance to 
Hoffman's crossing. The farm north of Swackhammar's, of 
126 acres, had been bought in 1762 by Philip Sheeler, and an- 
other lot of 2Y2 acres was in possession of Conrad Swackham- 
mer, and a fourth part of 66^4 acres was o.ccupied by William 
Haugh (Hawk ?). The two latter parts were unsold. 

Samuel was the first of the Swackhammers and came to 
this country in 1731. He died in 1782 at 82 years of age, leav- 
ing a family by three wives of 25 children, 73 grandchildren 
and 25 great-grandchildren. Such is the statement in the old 
German church book by Dominie Graaf, but his will only 
names 13 children, of whom we can trace the descendants of 
only Conrad and John. The former, Conrad, leaving descend- 
ants in Hunterdon county, and the latter, John, in Morris. 

Philip Shseler, now called Schuyler, was the first of his 
name in New Jersey. He was born 1718, married Ann Ander- 
son and died 1784. He had 14 children, of whom Philip and 
Jacob removed to Sussex county, while Peter, William and 
John left descendants in Hunterdon and Morris counties. 

160 Early Germans of New Jersey 

The village of Califon is of comparatively recent origin, but 
more than makes up by the rapidity of its growth for delay in 
starting. The name was originally California, which became ab- 
breviated to Califon. Jacob Neighbor, who formerly owned the 
mill there and also the store, gave the name to the place. Several 
years ago the Methodists rebuilt their church and now worship 
in one of the most beautiful and convenient churches in all this 
region. The Rev. Mr. Jones, the present pastor, is a man of 
fine elocutionary powers as well as a liberal minded and enter- 
prising pastor, and under his ministrations the church is grow- 
ing in size and efficiency. The business men are noted for 
their enterprise and push. G. W. Beaty and J. W. Beavers and 
Peter Philhower are the general merchants of the place, S. N. 
Weise and the Weise and Neighbor Company are extensive 
dealers in a superior quality of lime. 

Presbyterian Church of Lower Valley. 

This church is located in the southeast corner of the town- 
ship, near the thriving village of Califon. The original mem- 
bers were from other churches, and more especially from the 
Presbyterian Church at German Valley, with which it was at 
one time connected. Many of the members living in the 
vicinity of Lower Valley began to feel the need of a place of 
worship nearer home, and September 30th, 1870, half an acre 
of land, upon which the house now stands, was purchased of 
Samuel K. Weller. A building committee was at once ap- 
pointed, consisting of Samuel Trimmer, Oliver Bunn and David 
Neighbour. The corner stone was laid in May, 1871, by Rev. 
I. A. Blauvelt, of the German Valley Church, and the building 
was completed and dedicated December 19th, 187 1. It is of 
wood, 38 by 65 feet and cost $12,000. May 7th, 1872, this 
church was regularly and legally organized by the Presbytery 
of Morris and Orange, with the following constituted members : 
On certificate from German Valley Church, George Neighbour, 
Elisabeth Neighbour, David Neighbour, Jacob M. Trimmer, 
Susan L. Trimmer, James Trimmer, Catherine Flumerfelt, 
Adaline Neighbour, Caroline Apgar, John Neighbour, Marga- 


Settlers of the Lower Valley 161 

Tet Q. Neighbor, Charles Miller, Mary Miller, James Foster, 
Ellen Foster, Elias V. Cregar, Eliza Ann Cregar, Sylvester 
Neighbour, Zilpha Neighbour, Mary Trimmer, Elisabeth 
Miller, Gilbert Trimmer, Caroline Trimmer, Samuel Trimmer, 
Ann C. Trimmer, Leonard G. Neighbour, George E. Naugh- 
right, Caroline Trimmer, George Apgar and Ann Naughright ; 
from Pleasant Grove, Rachel Apgar, Peter Bunn and wife, 
Abraham Hoffman and wife and Oliver Bunn ; from Flanders, 
Mary Welch ; from Reformed Church at High Bridge, Benj. 
Cole and Sophia Cole ; from Evangelical Lutheran Church of 
Spruce Run, O. B. Hoffman and Margaret A. Hoffman. The 
first elders were George Neighbour, David Neighbour and 
Jacob M. Trimmer. May 18th, 1872, the following additional 
elders were elected : Elias V. Cregar, Benj. Cole and Abraham 
Hoffman. In 1874 the church officials purchased three-quar- 
ters of an acre, adjoining the church lot, and built thereon 
their present beautiful and commodious parsonage at a cost of 
$4,000. The first pastor was Rev. I. A. Blauvelt. He preached 
at German Valley in the forenoon and at Lower Valley in the 
afternoon. He was succeeded in December, 1 871, or January, 
1872, by Rev. R. H. Van Amburgh, who remained only till 
February, 1872, when Rev. John Reed was called. He was 
succeeded by Rev. Chester Coe Murra, installed in May, 1875. 
His successor was Rev. W. J. Henderson, installed in May, 1877. 
Rev. James R. Gibson was called 1884, and remained the pop- 
ular and efficient pastor of the church until the year 1894. 

For six months he was pastor of a Presbyterian Church, of 
Berwick, Penn., but was called back to his former charge, 
which had been unable to unite upon any one to fill his place. 
Mr. Gibson resigned on account of impaired health to seek 
relief in the employ of the Prudential Insurance Company, of 

He was followed by Rev. A. Nicholson, who is the present 
pastor. The church a year or two ago purchased a pipe organ 
at an expense of $1,200, and have recently procured an expen- 
sive steam heating apparatus. This church is now in the 
Presbytery of Elisabeth. Present value of property, $16,000 • 

io: Early G**mans of New Jmwby 

membership 154. The Sunday school was established in 1840 
by David Neighbour, the first superintendent. 
High Bridge. 

This township was included in the Allen and Turner tract 
of 10,000 acres. The whole tract was purchased, 21st October, 
1752, of the West Jersey Society by William Allen and Joseph 
Turner for .£3,997, New York currency. It included 586 acres 
previously purchased by them [Trenton, K, 194]. 

In 1742, December 1st, William Allen had purchased 3,000 
acres and in the deed a forge is spoken of as already in opera- 
tion. The same company owned land in Sussex county, includ- 
ing the Andover Furnace, and in Chester township, Morris 
county. They were large iron manufacturers and are said to 
have been engaged in this business as early as 1728. 

In 1802 the tract including the present township of High 
Bridge and also part of Bethlehem, was divided into 52 farms. 
The map of these farms is now in the possession of Mr. Lewis 
Tavlor, of High Bridge, who has kindly permitted it to be 
copied and it will be found in this volume. 

William Alpock occupied farm No. 1 of 184 acres. 

On the 23d of September, 1734, there landed at Philadelphia, 
Zacharias and John Wilhelm Ahlbach, with three others of the 
same name, who were under sixteen years of age, viz., Johann 
Wilhelm. Joh. Gerhard and Johann Peter. Zacharias and Wil- 
liam occupied parts of the Society Lands in 1735. The three 
brothers William, George and Peter, who tradition says were 
the first, were probably of the second generation. Of these 
Peter settled in Alexandria township, and George, between 
Bray's Hill and Cokesburg. 

Morris Alpock was the first of the name in Morris county 
and owned or occupied land on the road from Bartley to 
Flanders. He had three children, William, Philip and Elisa- 
beth. From the first of these, William, have descended all the 
Alpocks of Morris county. William bought 223 acres, in 1773, 
of the Bowlsby tract, between German Valley and Chester. 
This farm is now owned by Theodore Coleman. Morris, his 
oldest son, owned 265 acres at Naughright until his death in 


Hwry Lindaberry occupied lot No. 3. He was the ances- 
tor of those of his name in Tewksbury township and in Morris 
county. He had eight children, Conrad, Jacob, Harbert, Ann. 
the wife of Tunis Updike, Casper, John, George and Eva the 
wife of Peter Hockenberry. 

Conrad Lindaberry, who removed from near the White- 
house to Hope, Warren Co., was probably the brother of Her. -v. 
George Lindaberry, of Whitehouse, the grandfather of 
William N. Lindaberry, of Hackettstown, and Mrs. Leonard F. 
Apgar, of Middle Valley, may have been a brother of Henry 
and Conrad. 

There were originally two brothers, Conrad and Nicholas 
Leinenberger, who came to Philadelphia, 15th September, 
1752. Caspar Lindaberry bought in 1796 a farm of 176 acres 
east of the John Sharp place near High Bridge. 

Joseph Hockenberry, who occupied lot No. 5 of 266 acres 
was probably a grandson of Herbert, who died in 1769, and 
left twelve children, of whom six were boys, viz., John, Peter, 
Jost, Henry, Christopher and Harman. 

Harm an Lance occupied lot 9 and Herbert lot 12. Three 
brothers of the Lance family came to this country together. 
They were Jacob, who settled in Warren county, and whose 
descendants are found near Sparta ;■ Michael, who died in 
Greenwich township, Warren county, leaving five children ; 
and John, who was the father of Harman and perhaps also of 
Herbert. The three brothers came to Philadelphia on October 
28th, 1738, in ship Thistle. 

Matthias Cramer was probably the father of George, who 
is found on lot 11 of 193 acres. The former had at least two 
sons : Matthias, one of whose daughters, Anna, married John 
Hager, and another, Mary, married John Sharp ; Morris, who 
removed to Mendham, and left descendants in Chester township. 
John Adam Apgar was probably the first of the family in 
this country. His name was originally Ebcher and he came 
from the borders of Italy. His oldest son, Herbert, was prob- 
ably the father of George, who occupied lot 13 of 268 acres, and 
of Peter, who lived upon lot 17 of 219 acres. 

There were ten sons and one daughter of John Adam, the 

164 Early Germane or New Jersey 

emigrant : Herbert, who settled east of Cokesburg ; Henry, 
in Alexandria township, Hunterdon county ; Jacob, west of 
Cokesburg ; Peter, of Lebanon ; John Peter, near Whitehall ; 
William, of Clinton ; Adam, of Cokesburg ; Frederick, of Alex- 
andria township ; Conrad, of Mountainsville ; George, who 
went West, and Catherine, an only daughter, who married first 
John Emery, and second John Sharp. 

John Seals, an English school-teacher, who came to this 
country adout 1762, was the father probably of Daniel and 
William Seals, who lived on lots 22 and 15 respectively. John 
lived on lot 20. 



S filMSra NIONVILLE, or Parker, includes the hilly 
section between German Valley and Fox 
Hill. The post office is in the store of 
Mr. Sutton, at the cross-roads where are 
also the school house and a blacksmith 
shop. The Bowlsby Tract of 2,365 acres 
taken up in February, 1765, by Thomas 
Bowlsby, joins the valley tracts on the east. Part of this, 1,652 
acres, had been surveyed 29th October, 17 14, for Samuel Barker 
[Burlington L., 3 and 4]. 

William Alpock bought 225 acres of this tract 1773. This 
is now the farm of Theodore Coleman. 

Conrad Bunn bought the next farm of 358 acres November 
18th, 1772. Of this land Bunn sold 112 acres to John Dean in 
1783, and he to Andrew Shangle in 180 1. The rest finally came 
into the possession of J. J. Crater and Stephen I. Howell. 

Caleb Swavzie bought 250 acres next to Conrad Bunn, and 
on both sides of Mudd street. This farm was sold to Conrad 
Bunn. From Conrad it came to John Bunn and the latter sold 
the 250 acres for $1,000 to William D. Lusk, 17th November, 
1824. The Messlar property, formerly Lomersons, belonged to 
this land. Two hundred and eight acres were sold April, 1855, 
by James Vanderveer and D. C. Horton to Henry M. and Ser- 
ing Hoffman. 

Hedges Howell sold the next farm of 159 acres to George 
Weise in 1847. It is now owned by Lauerman. 

i06 Eari<y Germans or Nkw Jbrsw 

John F. S>«th owned the next fwm of iao acres, which it 
now Theuoore Philbower'R. 

Jeremiad Afgar owns the next place of about go acres, 
Isaac How-kll bought at an early date about 243 acres, 

which was divided up at his death into six shares, now occupied 
by his descendants. 

Peter Hoffman now owns the next and most southern farm 
on the Bowlsby tract. It contains 97 acres, 48 acres west of 
this farm and between it and the old Trimmer property there 
were 48 acres which were sold in 1790 by J. Culver to Leonard 

Nicholas Trimmer purchased 119 acres extending from the 
old Fox Hill road at Parker to and across the present turnpike. 
This is the property on which the store and school house stand. 
It now belongs to the Salter estate. 

Conrad Bunn bought 158 acres, including the present 
Albert Bunn farm, of Gershom Gard, 19th July, 1784. 

North of this property Nicholas Trimmer bought, 19th 
March, 1789, 155 acres which he sold 1820, April 4th, to George 

Henry Smith gave a mortgage 8th March, 1784, to Caleb 
Swayzie for 123 acres between the Shangle farm and the 
Alpock in Cherry Valley. 

This completes the Bowlsby tract. 

The Wetherell Tract 
bounded the Bowlsby tract on the south. It contained 1,100 
acres and was taken up 17 19 [Burlington, Lib. A, fol. 148]. 

The eastern end of this tract where John Rhinehard lives 
was sola to Adam Lorentz in 1750. Of his 250 acres Lorentz 
sold 100 to Anthony Waldorf in 1754 and the latter sold the 
same in 1784 to Adam Rhinehart. The other 155 acres (the 
western half) were sold to Jacob Frazee and by him to Leon- 
ard Shangle in 1793, and by Leonard to John, Jacob and 
Frederick Shangle. On the opposite side of the road is the old 
Rhinehart place. 

In 1773, November 13th, Asa Budd to William Smith sold a 
farm of 1 1 9 acres east of the old Rhinehart place and running 
from the Rhinehart road to the road to Pottersville. 

Settlors of« Un»om*hll» i6y 

Anthomy Sohenrbl- bought 120 aores south of the old 
Rhinehart place, i6tb December^ 1793. 

The rest of the Wetherill tract was divided into three lot* 
■which were bought by Philip Crater, Jacob Miller and John 

Philip Grater bought 243 acres in 1 785, including the 
Barkman farm. 

Jacob Miller purchased the farm south of this of 243 acres. 
This plantation included the Walter's of 163 acres, and another 
farm of 71 acres. 

William Fleming bought the farm west of these, called lot 
No. 3, containing 280 acres of John Snyder in 1798. 

The Davenport Tract 
ran almost east and west between the road on the north, separ- 
ating it from the Wetherill tract and the Hunter survey and 
the county line on the south. It contained about 500 acres, 
was taken up 29th October, 1714 ; was sold to Joseph Reckless 
23d October, 1747, and on a resurvey 19th April, 1748, was 
found to contain 585 acres. 

Morris Creter bought 7th February, 1748, 308 acres, or the 
western, and Andrew Able, the eastern half of the same 
amount at the same date. Both these purchasers were in 
actual possession at the time of signing the deed, and it is 
probable that they first settled on the land some rears previ- 
ously, paying a little on the land each year until the full 
amount was reached, when the deed was given. 

Morris Creter was the ancestor of all of the name in New 
Jersey. His brother John probably came to this State with 
him, as his name is found on the old Tewksbury township book 
in 1756, but none of the descendants of the latter have been 

Morris had four children : Jacob, an imbecile ; Morris, 
whose son Philip owned considerable land in Chester township 
and whose son Morris was the grandfather of Rev. Dr. W. O. 
Ruston's wife ; Philip, who owned land in Chester and near 
Unionville, and whose son Matthias had descendants at Glen 
Gardner ; Esther, who married Thomas Van Buskirk. 

Andreas Abel was probably an uncle of Matthias of Upper 

168 Early Germans of New Jersey 

German Valley. He had two children, Michel and Paul. The 
former owned the land on which the first church (a union 
church) of Fox Hill stood. 

Heinrich Schenkle probably settled on the farm (of 167 
acres) east of the Davenport tract. This he left at his death 
in 1769 to his wife for 14 years, when (1788) it was sold to 
Henry's oldest son Anthony. Besides Anthony he had four 
sons and four daughters. 

John Bunn, of German descent, settled on the farm in the 
extreme southeastern corner of the township, before 1756. He 
was the father of Cunrad, who bought the land near Union- 
ville. It is not known whether he had other children. Another 
family of the same name was settled in Somerset county. 
There were Bunns of English descent from Woodbridge, New 
Jersey, in Hunterdon county. The name would suggest a 
Huguenot origin. 

Joseph Van Pelt purchased in 1799 161 acres or part of the 
Benjamin Hunter survey of 250, which was between the Daven- 
port tract and the county line. 

Philip Philhower was the great-grandfather of the family 
of that name now settled east of Middle Valley. Andrew 
Jesse, Jacob, Elias and David, are sons of Philip, who was the 
grandson of the first Philip. The last named probably had a 
brother George, who went to Virginia, and a father George 
Philip Wuhlhauer , who landed at Philadelphia 16th September, 
1748, from the same vessel as Rev. Casper Wack's father. 

The Reading Tract, which this family once owned, has 
always been difficult to survey. It contained 250 acres and was 
frequently sold. It joined the leased lands on the east and 
the county line on the south. 



Budd's Lake — Mount Olive — Draketown — Flocktown — 

springtown schooley mountain springs 

Pleasant Grove. 

(aUTKAUIANNING is the name by which 
Budd's Lake was called by the Indians 
and in the early surveys. It lies half in 
the Reading and half in the Eyre tract. 
When the former of these was first sur- 
veyed John Reading was on a surveying 
trip in this region. Of this trip he has 
left an account in his diary, now in the possession of the New 
Jersey Historical Society. As an illustration of the wild con- 
dition of this part of New Jersey at that time we quote a few 
extracts : 

May 22 [17151. Left Allamucha * * kept a path which led to a very pleasant 
pond [Budd's Lake] being upon the head of a branch of the Rarington, called south 
branch, being near a mile over and two miles in length ; kept the path about two 
miles farther to an Indian plantation ceiled Chanongong, where we slept that night. 

May 23. We went back in the morning to aforesaid pond where we laid out a 
tract [the Reading survey of 600 acres] having got an Indian to help us and lay by 
the pond all night. 

May 24. We waited in the morning for some venison which the aforesaid 
Indian promised to bring us, but failed. Went to the Indian plantation where we 
surveyed and it raining very fast in the afternoon lodged there all night. 

During this trip, as far as the Water Gap and down the Mus- 
conetcong, the party suffered from want of food and requirad 
the help of an Indian guide, during part of the time. Nothing 


but Indian settlements are found west of Whippany or the 
Passaiok river. 

The family of Budds who settled very early on the upper 
part of the lake gave their name to this body of water. 

Jesse M. Sharp, of German Valley, purchased land along 
the eastern shore and erected the large hotel which is now 
located there. The post-office was established in 1857. 

Mt. Olive, 

the nearest village, was named from Benjamin Olive. The 
Presbyterian Church in this place was at first a preaching 
station of the Chester church. Thus the Rev. James Harcourt, 
probably, preached here as early as 1752. 

The Baptist Church was constituted with about twelve 
members in 1753. as a branch of the church in Morristown. In 
1786, September 27th, it was organized as a separate charge. 
In 1768 James Heaton gave an acre of land for church, burial 
and school purposes. The trustees to whom the deed was given 
were Jacob and Job Cossett (Corzat) and Richard Stephens. A 
log building was probably already built upon this land at that 
date and was a union church. 

Samuel Heaton and his three brothers are said to have 
come from Wrentham, Mass., to engage in the iron business. 
Samuel was an overseer of highways in Roxbury township in 


is situated on the farm of 200 acres purchased by Ebenezer 
Drake in 1759, This land was part of the great Boynton tract 
of 3,314 acres, taken up by Joseph Pigeon, 8th October, 1718 
[Burlington A, 193]. This tract was sold to Boynton and, in 
T>art, by him to Allen. 

Samuel Barber bought the Drake farm and sold it in 1800 
10 John Peter Sharp, of German Valley. The latter left this 
property to his son John in the year 1826. The last named 
built a store, which is still in use. 

At the cross-roads a tavern was once kept by John Hager, 
who bought the farm there of 200 acres from Joseph Arney in 
1763, who had bought it in 1736 from William Biddle, of Phil- 


Srarrtims or Schooliv's Mouwtmn 171 

adeiphia. Hsg«r sold to Jonas Smith and Smith to Jeremiah 
Pool, 17th April, 1800. 

The Boyntok Tract 

■was very early, divided into lots of 100 and 200 acres. 

Lot No. 1 was bought by Thomas Batson and sold to Peter 

Lot 2 was bought by William Allen who sold to Lambert 
Van Sickle and he to Philip Scheeler and the latter to John 
Smith in 1802. 

Lot No. 3, bought by Thomas Batson, was sold to Samuel 
Shoemaker and by him to Joshua Howell, 1771. 

Amos Grandin bought lot 15 of nearly 400 acres, and Wil- 
liam Wire purchased 319 acres of him 19th September, 1804, 
Jonathan Bilbee bought 100 acres of this land, which he sold m 
1839 to James Force, the father of Thomas, the present owner. 
The Raricks and Waterhouses owned a considerable number 
of acres on this tract. 

Daniel Lawrence gave in 1768 a mortgage for 260 acres 
east of the Boynton tract. 

Silas Drake gave a mortgage on 200 acres north of the 
Schooley tract to Magdalena Cook of New York. 

In 1796 Lockman sells 100 acres of this land to Benjamin 
Coleman and in 1802 the rest of the heirs sell the same to John 
Coleman, the son of Benjamin. 

John Kemple sells 40 acres of the remaining hundred to 
Jphn Coleman in 1802. The latter sold 120 acres to Daniel 
Young in 1818. The Schooley tract (200 acres) was sold to 
Thomas Culver in 1749 by Thomas Batson. 

Thomas Colver (son of Thomas) sold 46 acres to Jabesh 
Pembleton in 1794, to whom also George Colver sold 18 acres 
in 1802. 

Amos Colver disposes of 44 acres in 1808 in trust tor his 
daughter Sarah Van Sickle. 

Matthias Thomas bought the Benjamin Wright tract of 400 
acres which had been sold before 1761 to John Eaton. 

Andreas Flock and his son Matthias bought the whole 600 

17* Early Germans of New Jersey 

acres of the tract surveyed to Collins and Gosling and sold to 
Samuel Furness in 1720. 

David Zofrin (Sovereign) bought the Daniel Robbins tract 
of 333 acres, which had belonged originally to Samuel Johnson. 
Part of this is now the Robert Durham property. 

The Schooley tract running along the road from north to 
south was formerly owned by the Ayres, Forces, Lefoy and 
Hance families. 

The Hollinshead Tract 

was surveyed to Joseph Hollinshead 24th July, 1755, and con- 
tained 807 acres. After passing through several hands it was 
conveyed in 179810 Thomas Bowlsby and Christian Hoffman. 
By the latter 19 acres were sold in 1799 to Simon Culver, and 
25 to Wm. Little ; 61 to Jacob Teeple (the Read farm) in 1826. 

Abraham Dickerson bought 90 acres of this tract from Philip 
Flock, which is now in the possession of his heirs. 

The Hugh Sharp tract of 400 acres, west of the Hollinshead, 
was surveyed 13th March, 1717, and was sold to John Sharp 
and Ziba Hazen, his son-in-law. This included the Hugh 
Menagh farm. 

The Francis Davenport tract, south of the road running 
northwest and southeast by Flock's school house, was surveyed 
20th October, 17 14, and contained 604 acres. This includes the 
Searles farm (bought by William Searles in 1816), the Swack- 
hamer and Parker places, formerly owned by Wm. Hoffman ; 
the Rettie Hunt and Elias Howell and Orts farms. 

George Hager, the son of John, bought the Beswick tract 
of 330 acres, taken up in 17 19, about 1776, but repurchased it in 


is situated on the Elijah Bond tract of 500 acres, taken up 24th 
July, 1751, and sold to Braithwaite in April, 1771. 

The Terriberry and Sager (now the Hiram Petty place), 
the Seneca Wise and Newton Smith farms, are included in this 

The village contains a hotel, kept by Jacob Drake and owned 
by Mrs. Rose, the blacksmith shop of Mantius Lindabury and 
the marble yard of Thomas Y. Ward. 

Settlers of Schooley's Mountain 173 

Between the Braithwaite tract and the valley lands Daniel 
Smith had taken up 633 acres along the side of the mountain in 
1763. Of this 133^ acres were sold to John Sharp in 1807 ; 
55 Yi to John Hager in 1795 ; 2134 to Sharp in 1807 ; 6434 to 
William Nitser in 1774 and the northern end of 144^ to Sharp 
in 1807. 

South of the Smith lands and running along the side of the 
mountain was the tract of William Hewlings. 

George Beatty, of Trenton, owned the land between Hew- 
lings and Stevenson, which included the farms of Jacob Duf- 
ford, Henry I. Hoffman and Philip Terriberry. West of these 
was the farm sold by Beatty to Joseph Colver in 1783. 

The Stevenson Tract 
of 2,550 acres, taken up 4th May, 1713, extends from the Parker 
road running nearly north and south to the Pleasant Grove 
road, running in the same direction. The eastern end of this 
survey was sold in 1726, by the executors of Stevenson to 
Jacobus Van Sant and by him to George Wood and Simon 
Hilver, and by them to William Hilyer. 

Of this land Abram or Thomas Larew sells 200 acres to 
David Welsh in April, 1801, and David Welsh in October, 1801, 
conveys 106 acres to Richard Gray and 49 to Conrad Rarick. 
North of this latter lot were 160 acres which Conrad Rarick in 
1839 conveyed to C. H. Hendershot. 

Amos Gray in 1801 owns 80 acres east of Rarick, which John 
Gray conveys in 1835 to Abram Emmons. 

Matthias Dufford bought a farm of 185 acres, west of 
Rarick and Larew, of William Hilyer in 1775 for ^462. 

West of Dufford is the "still house lot" of 79 acres which 
was sold by John Sharp in 1809 to Doughty, Ralston & Co. 

North of this farm were the 112 acres sold 1779 by Joseph 
Culver to Joseph Heath for $750. Of these 112 acres 20 were 
bought from Thomas Mill and Nancy in 1787, 30 from Richard 
Mann in 1793 and the rest were inherited from Robert Colver. 
This farm now belongs to William Marsh's estate. 

The next farm also formcily owned by H. W. Hunt, Esq., 
also belonged to Robert Colver. 

William Hevn purchased 350 acres of the Stevenson tract 

174 ErARLT Gkrmans of Nkw Jxrsky 

in 1745 of Samuel School«y and his wife Avis, of Bethlehem 
township, Hunterdon Co. This land Schooley had bought of 
Isaac DeCou in 1726. 

The Schooleys, after whom the mountain was named, came 
from England to Burlington. There were several families of 
them. Samuel who sold land to Wm. Henn was the son of 
Thomas, who came to the above city in 1678. He was residing 
in Bethlehem township when he sold his land on the mountain 
and probably never resided here. 

Robert, the son of William — perhaps a cousin of Samuel — 
who owned land at Draketown, is said to have resided there 
until he removed to Randolph in 1740, where he bought 600 
acres of the Kirkbride tract. The family were Quakers. 

Robert Colver bought of William Cook in 1748 265 acres 
west of Henn. This included what is now the Martenis farm. 
This Robert was the son of John and grandson of John Sr., 
who came from New London before 1732. His brother Thomas 
settled near Draketown. They came from Monmouth Co., 
having gone thither from the mountain. 

Thomas Nunn was in possession in 1764 of 200 acres west of 
the Henn property. He left his property to his two sons Ben- 
jamin and Thomas, and the latter's right became vested in 
Joshua Nunn, grandson of Thomas. Joshua sold to David 
Colver in 1788 and Colver to Philip Hann, and Peter Woolf, 
surviving executor of Thomas, the elder, sold the other half to 
John Bacon who sold to Philip Hann and Hann sold the whole 
in 1803 to James Hance. 

Lawrence Hann owned the farm on which the Pleasant 
Grove church and parsonage stand. 

Caleb Swayzey bought the next farm of 197 acres in 1793 of 
Andrew Little. Caleb was the sixth child of Barnabas Swazey 
who came from Southold, L. I., to Roxbury in 1737. He was a 
cousin to Israel Swazey, who owned the farm below the min- 
eral spring. 

Robert Colver, Jr., bought the next farm, containing 140 
acres, of Edward Taylor, of Amwell township, in 1774. The 
farm had come from Stevenson to DeCou (as part of 500 pur- 

Sbtt&ers or ScHOocev's Mountain j^j 

chased in 17 14) and from DeCou to Freegift Stout and from 
his executors to Taylor. 

The Hugh Sharp tract of 230 acres, south of Stevenson's, 
surveyed in 17 15, included the farm of 106 acres sold by Jere- 
miah Bacon in 1786 to James Hance and that sold to Daniel 
Dilts in 1802. 

Philip Terryberrv purchased very early the farm which he 
sold in 1784 to Jacob Dufford. Between Dufford and Dilts was 
the farm of Henry H. Hoffman. 

The Henry I. Hoffman farm was once owned by Frederick 
Young. It was sold in 1775 by Nathan to Joseph Colver, by 
Colver in 1795 to Fred. Young, by Young in 1806 to John Hoff- 
man and by him in 1808 to Henry I. Hoffman. Henry I. 
Hoffman was a son of John Hoffman and a grandson of Henry, 
who probably came from New York State to New Jersey. 
Henry I. was a prominent elder in the Presbyterian Church 
of the Valley. 

The farm of the late Mrs. George Lindaberry, originally 124 
acres, was sold by George Beatty, of Trenton, to Joseph Colver 
and by Colver in 1799 to Philip Terryberrv. 

The Morgan Tract included the Hann farm formerly be- 
longing to Terryberrys, upon part of which the Dorincourt 
house now stands. 

The Bond Tract of 500 acres was taken up 24th July, 1751, 
and was sold to Braithwaite in 177 1. Two hundred and forty- 
two acres of this land was sold 15th April, 1795, by Jos. Colver 
to David Welsh. This included the Seneca Wise farm and the 
village of Springtown ; the Hiram Petty farm formerly owned 
first by John Sager, and then by John Terry berry ; and part of 
the Philip Terryberrv property. 

The Benjamin Hunter Tract of 750 acres was bounded on 
the east by the road at Pleasant Grove from the store to the 
county line. It was taken up October, 17 14, and included the 
John P. Sharp farm, probably owned in 1764 by George Eick, 
the Hann farm and the Walters place, sold in 1818 by Edward 
Sharp to T. and J. Walters. West of these farms was the 
Conrad Honness place. 

The first land purchased by a resident on the mountain was 

176 Early Germans of New Jersey 

the farm afterwards in possession of J. Beatty. This was sold 
March 1st, 1733, to William Pew, of Lebanon, by Thomas 
Schooley, of Bethlehem, Hunterdon Co. It contained 1 36 acres 
and was afterwards owned by P. Sailor. 

The Elijah Bond Tract of 438 acres next to the mineral 
spring was taken up in 1719 and sold to DeCou and 321 acres 
of it were sold by him to Charles Drake in 1779. William 
Drake, the son of Charles, bought the eastern part (135 acres) 
in 1807 and Israel Swayzey, son-in-law of Chas. Drake, bought 
the western end of 175 acres. The lot containing the spring of 
ten acres was not included in William Drake's farm. 

The English settlement, through which the road from the 
springs to Hackettstown passes, formed part of the large 
Beswick tract of 1072 acres. Several families of English people 
settled upon this land at the beginning of this century. They 
were the Rawlings, Ruslings and DeRoses. Some dispute 
arose as to the title and an agreement was entered into 25th 
September, 181 7, in consequence of which a new survey was 
made and the land was divided into lots and assigned to James 
Upjohn, James Rusling and Anthony Rawlings, so far at least 
as to give them the share of Ann Bland, while the rest went to 
the heirs of Ann Dickerson, the other heir of Francis Beswick. 

Judge Aaron Robertson owned part of the southern end of 
this tract. South of and next to the Beswick came the Samuel 
Johnson survey of 364 acres (taken up in 1755) consisting mostly 
of wood land. 

Moore Furman sold to Henry Hance 278 acres along the 
Musconetcong in 1794. This farm was joined on the west by 
James Matins vho had settled on his farm at least before the 
year 1755. 

Stephensburg owes its name to the family upon whose land 
the place is situated. This land was purchased before 1800 by 
Samuel Stephens, the son of Richard, of Mt. Olive. Robert 
Colver Stephens, the son of Samuel, was an elder in the Pleas- 
ant Grove church and was a fervent christian and an active 
business man as shown by his diary, which is still in existence. 

In 1750 John Rockhill surveyed "to Jonathan Robeson a 

Settlers of Schooley's Mountain 177 

tract of ioo acres, besides allowances, north of the Stevenson 
tract and next to the mineral spring lot. 

Schooley's Mountain Spring:. 
has been a resort for visitors in pursuit of health for over a 
hundred years. In the year 1770 Dr. Henry M. Muehlenberg, 
while visiting- in this vicinity, tested the virtues of this spring- 
then "recently discovered." It was probably long known to 
the Indians and its medicinal properties taken advantage of by 

In Morse's Geography, published in 1789, the following 
account is given of this spring, which seems to have become a 
place of general resort even thus early: 

In the county of Hunterdon near the top of the Musconetcong mountain there 
is a noted medicinal spring, to which invalids resort from every quarter. It issues 
from the side of the mountain in a very romantic manner, and it is conveyed into 
an artificial reservoir for the accommodation of those who wish to bathe in. as well 
as to drink, the waters. It is a strong chalybeate and very cold. These waters 
have been used with very considerable success, but perhaps the exercise necessarv 
to get to them, and the purity of the air in this lofty situation, aided by a livel".- 
imagination. have as great efficacy in curing the patient, xs the waters. 

Ill 1810 Professor Mitchell, of Columbia College, made. an 
analysis of the waters of the spring and announced as a result 
that "if there is anything that deserves the name of a pure 
chalybeate water in the world, this would seem to be .such a 

The popularity of this spring made it necessary to provide 
some accommodations for the visitors who resorted thither. 
Before the close of the last century Joseph Heath erected a 
house to accommodate boarders. This building is still stand- 
ing. About 1809 another building was erected. In 181- 
Ephraim Marsh, a son-in-law of Joseph Heath, became asso- 
ciated with him in the hotel business and erected the main 
buildings of the group now known as the Heath House. 

Belmont Hall, recently enlarged and now known as " The 
Dorincourt,' was first erected about 1820 by Conover Bowne of 
New York. It was afterwards owned in succession by William 
Gibbons, of Madison, then by his daughter, Mrs. Francis 
Lathrop, then by Edward Holland and finally by the late 

178 Early Germans of New Jersey 

David Crowell. At Mr. Crowell's death the house was started 
anew under a different name and with greatly increased accom- 

The Hon. Ephraim Marsh was the most prominent man on 
the mountain in his day. He was bqrn at Mendham in 1796 
and died on the mountain in 1864. He came to the mountain 
in 1816 as a manager for Joseph Heath. He represented the 
county in both houses of the legislature ; was county judge ; a 
member of the N. J. Constitutional Convention and President 
of the Morris Canal Company. His management of the Heath 
House brought it into national fame and very many of the 
prominent public men of the time before the war, sought enter- 
tainment at the springs. 

The late William W. Marsh, the son of Judge Ephraim, in- 
herited the public spirit of his father and filled a large place in 
the community up to the day of his death. 

The Indians 
have left some evident traces of their early existence upon the 
mountain. Three Indian paths are referred to in old surveys. 
One crossing the South Branch at Middle Valley and passing 
through Pleasant Grove, another crossing the mountain above 
the mill at Two Bridges, above Naughright, and a third pass- 
ing down the mountain near the spring. 

An Indian camping ground was once to be found on the 
Ayer's farm near Draketown, and what were called " The 
Indian Fields" was situated between the latter place and Hack- 
ettstown. Hiram and Tim, two Indians, with their squaws 
and papooses were living on the mountain fifty or sixty years 
ago. All the land in Warren and Sussex and this part of 
Morris counties belonged to what was called " the last Indian 
purchase above the falls of the Delaware." 

The Rogerenes 
were the first religious body in this section. This peculiar 
body of sectarians were led apparently by a desire to cultivate 
undisturbed their strange form of religious life, in seeking this 
frontier so far distant from their home in New London, Conn. 

John Colver was their leader and he brought with him to 

Settlers of Schooley's Mountain 179 

this wilderness in 1732 his children and their families to the 
number of twenty-one persons. Other families affiliated with 
them, such as the Tuttles, Burrows, Manns, Weirs, Waterhouses, 
Lambs, Pechers (Pishers ?), Salmons and Owens. 

They removed from Schooley Mountain after three years to 
Monmouth Co., whence they returned hither after eleven years. 
Where they worshipped on the mountain we cannot tell, 
but they had a house of worship, referred to in Smith's History 
of New Jersey (1765), near the point where the road from 
Mountain Pond joins the highway from Rustic to Mount Arl- 
ington. They had a graveyard near Silver Spring about a 
furlong from Lake Hopatcong. Some removed to the Red 
Stone country or Virginia. (See Dover Era July 18th, 1S90.) 
Sandford's History of Connecticut (p. 141) speaks of them 
as follows : " Some trouble was caused by a sect known as the 
Rogerenes that flourished mostly in the neighborhood of New 
London. While their doctrines were obnoxious to their neigh- 
bors the principal annoyance came through the indecencies of 
dress and behavior that marked the more than eccentric actions 
of this peculiar people. Holding the views of the Seventh Day 
Baptists they added notions of their own both eccentric and 

They were strenuously orthodox in their belief, holding to 
the doctrines of the Trinity, of salvation in Christ, the new 
birth, the resurrection and eternal judgment. But to these 
they added their peculiar views, in which they largely resem- 
bled the Society of Friends. To them all days were alike and 
it was lawful to labor after worship on the Lord's Day. They 
were opposed to the taking of oaths and to audible prayer, 
except when moved by the spirit. Any resort in sickness to 
physicians or the use of medicine was sinful. They abhorred 
such adjuncts to worship of God as church steeples, pulpits and 
cushions, a paid minister or even a separate church building. 
Nor did they approve of monuments to the dead. They gloried 
in suffering for their belief and even courted tl. \ penalties of 
the whipping post, fines and imprisonment. The ' were accus- 
tomed to attend the service of the churches an 1 carry their 
work into the church with them. This they are said to have 


Early Germans of New Jersey 

done in the year 1770 in the churches both of Mendham and 
Basking Ridge. This sect was originated in the year 1674 by 
John Rogers, whose father James was a baker in New London, 
and the richest man in the colony next to Governor Winthrop. 
It is still in existence. \Manijuaring 's Hist, of New London]. 



has been a place of resort probably since 
the year 1770. About 1825 it became 
more widely known and patronized. The 
native population was sparse and scat- 
tered and its religious conveniences and 
accommodations very few and uncertain. 
At that time the visitors being largely religious people felt the 
need of better opportunities for public worship, while staying 
upon the mountain. Their liberality combined with the enter- 
prise of some influential people among the permanent residents 
resulted in a successful effort to build a cluirch. 

This was designed to be a union church in which clergymen 
of all denominations, either visitors or settled in the neighbor- 
hood, would be welcome to hold religious service. In order 
the better to secure this end, the ground upon which the church 
was erected was deeded to the trustees of the Theological 
Seminary at Princeton in trust for a site upon which should be 
erected a building for the religious worship of " all denomina- 
tions of christians." 

The building was of stone and had seating room for 200 
people. It was of two stories, the upper room being used as a 
school room, and cost altogether about six hundred dollars. It 

182 Early Germans of New Jersey 

was dedicated on the 7th of August, 1825, by the Rev. Dr. 
Pohlman, then the pastor of the Lutheran Church of German 
Valley, N. J. The building when completed was, by the trus- 
tees of the seminary, placed in the hands of a committee of 
three, consisting of the Rev. Dr. Campbell, of Hackettstown, 
Ephraim Marsh, an elder in the same church, and Dr. Pohlman. 

From that time forth visitors on the mountain heard the 
gospel preached by clergyman of every denomination ; Episco- 
palians, Baptists, Lutherans, Presbyterians and Methodists. 
The pastors of neighboring churches took their turn in con- 
ducting service on Sabbath afternoons. 

When in the course of time the old stone chapel became 
unfit for use and was removed, the community felt the need of 
a larger and more comfortable building in which, as in the pre 
vious structure, union services might be regularly maintained. 
With this end in view the present large and elegant building 
was erected and dedicated on the 7th of August, 1870. 

Upon this occasion the Rev. Dr. Moffat, of Princeton Theo- 
logical Seminary, preached a sermon, and the Rev. Dr. Pohl- 
man, of the Lutheran Church of Albany, who had dedicated 
the old stone chapel forty-five years before, offered the dedi- 
catory prayer. The basement was fitted up for the purposes 
of the Sabbath school, and the structure cost altogether $13,000. 

A Large Revival 

occurred in the year 1874. Rev. Samuel Sawyer, pastor at 
Pleasant Grove, began a series of meetings, a week before 
Christmas, in that year, and soon found he had not been mis- 
taken in his belief that a deep religious thoughtfulness was 
prevalent throughout the community. These meetings were 
continued for six weeks or more, with very little intermission, 
the clergymen of the neighboring churches occasionally aiding 
in the services. It was a most remarkable work of grace, 
reaching almost every family, and in some instances, every 
member of a family, until as many as seventy were indulging 
a hope of salvation through Christ. It now became a matter 
of serious consideration how to care for these new converts 
After careful and mature deliberation it was decided to organ- 

Schooley's Mountain Presbyterian Chukch 183 

ize an independent congregation. Neighboring congregations 
with one exception bid the new enterprise, "God-speed." 

As a result of the application to the Presbytery of Morris 
and Orange, a committee was appointed by that bod}- and met 
in the chapel of the church of Schooler's Mountain on Wednes- 
day, March 17th, 1875, au< ^ proceeded to organize the church. 
An able and instructive sermon was preached by Dr. Alfred 
Yeomans, of Orange, and Rev. Messrs. Mix and Souper, the 
other members of the committee, also took part in the impres- 
sive service. Twenty-four persons, principally from the 
churches of German Valley, Hackettstown and Pleasant Grove, 
signified their desire to become members of the new organiza- 
tion. Messrs. Wm. W. Marsh and H. W. Hunt were chosen as 
elders. The membership was increased at the next commun- 
ion to the number of seventy-five. 

The first minister regularly supplying this church was the 
Rev. Samuel Sawyer, who became stated supply on the 15th 
of April, 1876, having previously resigned as pastor of the 
Pleasant Grove Church. He only remained one year, when he 
removed to the West. Services were regularly maintained by 
different supplies, until the Rev. E. P. Linnell, of the Presby- 
terian Church of German Valley, began regular service even' 
Sabbath afternoon, and continued from December 1st, 1878, to 
June 1st, 1879. The church was again served by temporary 
supplies, for a period, until the Rev. J . Kinsey Smith was called 
to be the first pastor, October 15th, 1882. He was ordained 
and installed October 26th, 1SS2. He remained for four years, 
when he accepted a call in March, 1886, to the Church of Mt. 
Washington, Md. Very soon afterwards. 23d May, 1886, the 
Rev. William J. Gill, D. D., became the stated supply, to be 
soon, 1 2th December, 188O, elected pastor. By a mysterious 
providence this relationship was of but short duration and was 
terminated by the death of Dr. Gill in the spring of 1887. 
During his ministry the church on the mountain was united 
into one pastorate with the church of Beattystown. Dr. Gill 
was born in the North of Ireland, and had spent the first years 
of his ministry in Europe, and had been settled over churches 
in Baltimore and Brooklyn. 

184 Eart.y Germans of New Jersey 

The Rev. E. P. Crane, of Rutherford, spent six months on 
the mountain as supply to the church, from June till December, 
1887. He resigned to accept the position of American Consul 
at Stuttgart, Germany, a step to which he was impelled by his 
impaired state of health. 

The present minister-in-charge is the Rev. Hugh SmytHE, 
who has been ministering to this people since the 15 th of 
January, 1888. Mr. Smythe was born in the North of Ireland, 
is a graduate of Princeton College, and in his Theological edu- 
cation has enjoyed the advantages of the educational institu- 
tions at Belfast, Ireland, and Geneva, Switzerland. He had 
been the pastor for four years of the Broadway church, Cin- 
cinnati, and for eight years of a Presbyterian church in Eliza- 
beth. He has had four brothers, all of whom were ministers, 
and two sisters, both of whom married ministers. 

Of the elders, besides W. W. Marsh, recently deceased, and 
H. W. Hunt, ordained 17th March, 1875, there are Thomas Y. 
Ward, ordained 18th April, 1875, Lawrence H. Hunt and J. 
Newton Smith, ordained 1894. The above history has been 
compiled from the session book of the church, which is a model 
of completeness and accuracy. This church is a living instance 
of what may be done in the way of sustaining the continuous 
and regular worship of the sanctuary in the face of great diffi- 
culties and discouragements. In this respect the self-sacrifice 
and public spirit of Messrs. Marsh and Hunt cannot be too 
highly appreciated. 




By Rev. William J. Mewhinney. 

|N OLD STONE CHURCH in which the 
congregation of Pleasant Grove wor- 
shipped for more than fifty years, was 
probably completed in the year 1S06, 
certainly in 1807. The congregation 
assumed the name of Pleasant Grove in 
1807. Whether a log house of worship 
preceded the erection of the stone church it has been impos- 
sible to ascertain. 

Pleasant Grove applied to the Presbytery of Xew Bruns- 
wick for the appointment of ministers to supply its pulpit both 
at the spring and fall meetings in the year 1808. Rev. Wm. B. 
Sloan, of Mansfield and Greenwich, Rev. Garner A. Hunt 
(uncle of Rev. H. W. Hunt, Jr.), and Rev. Joseph Campbell, 
preached in the church as the result of these applications. 
Toward the last named, 

Rev. Joseph Campbell, 
then but recently licensed to preach the gospel, the congregations 
of Independence, Hackettstown and Pleasant Grove, turned as the 
man they desired to be their pastor. Some time before the first 
of April, 1809, these congregations held meetings respectively, 
and voted to make out a call. 

Mr. Campbell accepted this call at the meeting of the Pres- 

iS6 Early Germans of New Jersey 

bytery which began April 25th, 1809. He was ordained and 
installed at Hackettstown on the thirteenth day of June, 1809. 

The Rev. Mr. Campbell was about thirty-two or thirty-three 
years of age at the time of his installation. His birthplace was 
Omagh, in the North of Ireland. He emigrated to America 
with his parents in 1797, at the age of nineteen or twenty. In 
1 So 1 he was married to Miss Abigail Denton, who came with 
him to Hackettstown. He acquired his scientific and literary 
education under Dr. Smith, of Nassau Hall, now Princeton 
University, teaching school in Princeton while he was doing so. 
He studied theology with Dr. Woodhull, of Freehold. The 
churches of Independence and Pleasant Grove were his first 
charge. Mr. Campbell conducted two services at Pleasant 
Grove every third Sabbath, with a brief intermission between 
them. He was an able preacher, both as respects the matter 
and the deliver}- of his sermons. A volume of these, published 
two years after his death (1842) furnishes very interesting 
testimony to the quality of his discourses. A man who knew 
him wrote : " His delivery was deliberate, earnest and impres- 
sive, though somewhat marked by the Scotch-Irish pronuncia- 
tion. Those who have personal recollections of his pulpit 
appearance will remember the peculiar smile he wore, which 
was not banished even when his tears flowed." 

The " Old Stone Church" in which Mr. Campbell preached 
stood where the present church stands. The building was a 
plain structure, without bell-tower or cupola. It had galleries 
on three sides and was heated by charcoal fire. The pulpit 
stood in the north end of the church. It was a small, box-like 
structure, built high up against the wall, supported by a tall 
post and reached by a winding stair on either side. 

Conrad Honness, James Hance and Lawrence Hann, of 
Pleasant Grove, Peter Lance and his son John, of Little Brook, 
and Samuel Stephens, his son Robert, and William Hance, of 
Stephensburgh, were all conspicuous members of the congre- 
gation in that day. Conrad Honness, of Pleasant Grove, Peter 
Lance, of Little Brook, and Samuel Stewart, were probably 
chosen members of the first session. James Hance was elected 

The Presbyterian Church of Pleasant Grove 187 

elder about 1818 ; John Lance was a member of session in 1826 
and John Lindaberry in 1827. 

How many members of the church there were in 1809 or 
who were admitted into the church from that time till 1826, 
there is no record to show. From 1826 until 1830 thirty-five 
were added to the church — thirty-four of them confessing 
Christ publicly for the first time. 

Mr. H. W. Hunt, Jr., a young member of Newton Presby- 
tery, seems to have become the stated supply of Pleasant Grove 
and Danville, the out stations under Dr. Campbell, on April 21, 
1 83 1. Pleasant Grove was still under Dr. Campbell's pastoral 
oversight. Dr. Campbell resigned the pastorate of Pleasant 
Grove in the spring of 1832, and Rev. H. W. Hunt, Jr., was 
installed as pastor in November of that same year. 

Rev. H. Whitefield Hunt, Jr., 

was the son of Rev. H. W. Hunt, an able and popular minister 
in Hunterdon county. The son was born at Sparta, N. J., Jan. 
8th, 1799. He graduated from Princeton College in 1820, and 
spent one year in Princeton Theological Seminary. In 1822 he 
became a home missionary, and made a missionary tour through 
New York and Pennsylvania. He was licensed by the Pres- 
bytery of Newton October 4th, 1821, and ordained by the same 
body on the 29th of November, 1S23. From 1823 till 1826 he 
was stated supply of the churches of Alexandria and Kingwood 
under his father. In 1826 he became the teacher of a prepara- 
tory school at Schooley's Mountain, and was occupied thus till 
he became the preacher of Pleasant Grove. He was a man of 
medium height, fair complexion, and in his later years of 
portly figure. One has written of him, " Rev. Mr. Hunt was a 
classical scholar, thorough and solid in his attainments, he had 
a warm heart, was a devoted friend, and an able and eloquent 
preacher of the word." He was an earnest, energetic and 
effective worker, and a good pastor. His death occurred on 
the 29th of January, 1868, eight years after he resigned the 
pastorate of this church. 

Forty-six were received on confession of faith and six by 
letter, during that ten years from 1832-43. It was in the latter 

188 Early Germans of New Jersey 

year that the harvest time came. Sixty-six were added to the 
church on confession, and two entered by letter from another 
church. Fifty-two of these were converted during a series of 
special services, lasting from the last Sabbath in October 
until Sunday December 9th. During the period from January 
1st, 1844, until January 1st, 1857, only thirty-two were received 
into the church on profession of their faith and nine by letter. 
When the 

New Church 

was opened in 1858, twenty-four, exclusive of those received 
from Lower German Valley, were added to the church. Sixteen 
of these made their first public confession of Christ. 

In 1847 the trustees received a deed for a plot of ground on 
the south side of what was then the graveyard, the gift of Mrs. 
Maria H. Hunt. This was the first of that series of benefac- 
tions which only ceased at her death. 

When the old stone church was remodeled is not known. 
That was done, doubtless, soon after Mr. Hunt became pastor. 

These changes sufficed until April, 1857. A movement to 
build a new church was then started. On the 12th of April, 

1857, the last communion was held in "the old house which 
had stood for more than half a century." It was torn down 
very soon after, and on the ground where it stood, but facing 
east and west, the new house was placed. This new building 
is, substantially, the church of to-day. On the 17th of April, 

1858, the new edifice had been finished, and the session met in 
it for the first time. 

Mr. Hunt was stated supply of Danville, probably, from 1831 
until 1836. He was pastor of the Lower German Valley Church 
from the latter year until April 8th, 1856. In that year it 
appears from a meagre record of the Second Mansfield church 
he became its pastor, and held that position till he resigned 
both it and Pleasant Grove. 

In April, i860, Mr. Hunt had the pastoral relation, which 
had existed for more than twenty-eight years, dissolved. Heavy 
financial responsibility, which devolved upon him at that time, 
was the reason for his action. He left the church in a prosper- 
ous condition, with a new house of worship, and a membership 

The Presbyterian Church of Pleasant Grove 189 

of 141 persons. He had done his work faithfully and disinter- 
estedly. Though thirty years have passed by he is still lovingly 
called "Our old pastor." 

Two pastors had come before another decade elapsed. The 
first of these, 

Rev. Gilbert Lane, 

was called prior to September, i860, when he began his work 
as joint pastor of Pleasant Grove and Second Mansfield. He 
was installed at Pleasant Grove May 1st, 1861. He was pastor 
of the church but two years, when he resigned, and devoted his 
whole time to Second Mansfield. 
Rev. Mr. Lane was succeeded by 

Rev. James H. Clark. 

He had supplied the pulpit subject to Mr. Hunt's oversight in 
1859, and had made some strong friendships and awakened a 
most enthusiastic desire to have him for a settled pastor at that 
time. It was to Rev. Mr. Clark that the congregation turned 
when Mr. Lane assumed sole charge of the sister church. Mr. 
Clark came on the field in July, 1S63, and entered upon his 
pastorate October 1st, 1863. He was then a man thirty-three 
years of age, having been born in New York City on the 3d of 
March, 1830. He graduated from the Seminary at Princeton 
in 1859, and, on the 25th of September, in the same year, he 
was ordained in Iowa. After a three years pastorate in Burl- 
ington, Iowa, and a year's chaplaincy in the army, Mr. Clark 
settled in the East, as stated supply of the Throop Avenue 
Church in Brooklyn, N. Y. It was from Brooklyn he came to 
Pleasant Grove. 

After having filled a large number of ministerial positions 
in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, and also in the West, he 
resides in Yazoo City, Illinois, the pastor of a pleasant congre- 
gation there, in this year of our Lord 1894. 

Rev. Mr. Clark was, at that time, a man of strong will, who 
prosecuted whatever he undertook with all the energies of his 
being. The pastorate of Mr. Clark closed after the expiration 
of six years, in the early part of November, 1869. 

The parsonage was built in the year 1865, very probably 

190 Early Germans of New Jersey 

ready for occupation and occupied in the month of October. 
With this activity, spiritually and financially came a sense of 
strength, of importance, and of independence, For the first 
time in its history Pleasant Grove was supporting a pastor 
alone, and the people were encouraged and gratified at their 

The next period in the history of the church extends to the 
year 1888. Three pastors, M. Avers Depue, Rev. Samuel Saw- 
yer and Rev. B. C. Megie, D. D„ filled the pulpit in succession 
during this time. 

Rev. Moses Ayers Depue 
was a young man, thirty years old, when he became pastor of 
Pleasant Grove. His birthplace was not far from Belvidere,N. 
J. He was ordained by the Presbytery of Londonderry on the 
nth of Jul}-, 1867. He was stated supply of the First Church 
of Easton from 1866 until 1867, pastor in East Boston from 
1867 till 1869, and stated supply of Lewisburg, Pa., from 1869, 
until earh- in 1870. He was an able young man, an eloquent 
preacher and of endearing charactgr. He died while pastor of 
the church on the 12th of October, 1872, in Easton, Pa. 

The year after Mr. Depue 's death 

Rev. Samuel Sawyer 
was called to the pastorate. He had labored as an organizer 
of churches in the South and West, and was preaching in East 
St. Louis, Illinois, 'at the time when he was called here. He 
was installed in the church on the 7th of May, 1873. Mr. 
Sawyer was, as a rule, a most eloquent preacher, and he was 
undoubtedly the most faithful and successful pastor who has 
served Pleasant Grove Church. He resigned the pastoral 
charge on the nth of April, 1876, to go to Indiana, where he 
still lives, a very old man. 

At that same meeting of Presbytery 

Rev. Burtis C. Megie, D. D , 
severed his connection with the church at Dover. Elder John 
T. Hoffman made bold to ask him to preach as a candidate for 
the vacant pulpit at Pleasant Grove. He consented. He had 
already been called on the 4th of June, 1876, and was installed 

The Presbyterian Church ok Pleasant Grove 191 

soon after. Dr. Megie was born in New York City, December 
4th, 1S13. He was educated at the University of New York, 
and at Andover, Princeton and Union Seminaries. He was or- 
dained by the Presbytery of North River, October 31st, 1838. 
From 1838 until 1839 Dr. Megie was stated supply at New 
Paltz, New York, and from 1839 till 1876, thirty-eight years, he 
was pastor of the Dover church. For twelve years Dr. Megie 
went in and out among the people of Pleasant Grove. He 
resigned upon his election to the office of Superintendent of 
Public Schools for Morris County. He was the Stated Clerk 
of Morris and Orange Presbytery from its organization in 1871. 
Dr. Megie was a man of kind heart and of wonderful activity 
for his years. He was a good preacher of the word. He died 
suddenly in 1890. 

On the 27th of June, 1881, Daniel C. Anderson and Isaac 
Smith, of Little Brook and Stephensburgh, respectively, were 
inducted into the office of ruling elder, and thus became mem- 
bers of session. 

Sixteen were added to the church while Mr. Depue was 
pastor. But it was during the three years of Rev. Mr. Saw- 
yer's pastorate that the church received the outpouring. Eighty 
seven united with the church on profession of their faith, and 
thirteen by letter during .' e three years he labored in Pleasant 
Grove. Beside these seventy-three were hopefully converted 
during a revival at Schooley's Mountain. The number of heads 
of families among these was remarkable. Additions to the 
church were perennial, two or three at a time. Prayer meet- 
ings were crowded ; gifts to benevolent objects multiplied ; 
revivals arose in every quarter of the parish, and every depart- 
ment of church work felt a quickening. 

The pastorate of Dr. Megie was also conspicuous for the 
number brought into the church. One hundred and thirty-six 
were added on profession of faith in Jesus, and thirty-six by 
letter, during the twelve years of his ministry. These were 
gathered in at revivals, rather than perennially. Twenty-one 
were added as the result of special services during the winter 
of 1886-7. Fiftv-one were received as the result of meetings 
conducted by the Evangelist B. Fay Mills in 1886. The 170 

192 Early Germans of New Jersey 

members of the church in 1869 had increased to 230 in 1888. 

The period which has passed since 1888 is too near to be 
spoken of at any length, and the writer will only state its main 
facts : 

Rev. Samuel J. McClenaghan, 

a student of Princeton Seminar)-, was ordained and installed in 
the church of Pleasant Grove May 9th, 1889. For more than 
six months previous he had supplied the church in the relation 
of pastor-elect. Mr. McClenaghan served the church until 
July 5th, 1891, when he removed to East Orange to become the 
assistant pastor of the Munn Avenue Church, and have charge 
of its mission at Elmwood. 

Mr. W. J. Mewhinney, at that time pastor of the Whippany 
Church, was installed in the church on the 28th of October, 1891. 

On the 15th of December, 1889, James Everett, William 
Lindaberry and Jacob Ribbons were ordained elders. The 
session is, therefore, at the present time composed of the fol- 
lowing ruling elders : John T. Hoffman, now 85 years of age, 
who lives at Port Morris, George Lindaberry, the patriarch of 
the active members, Daniel C. Anderson, Isaac Smith, James 
Everett, Wm. Lindaberry and Jacob Ribbons. 

While Mr. McClenaghan was still pastor-elect, a revival 
occurred that added forty-five on confession of faith and five 
by letter to the church. Fifty-nine on profession of their faith 
and sixteen by letter came into the church during his pastorate. 
Fifteen have been added . on examination and three by letter 
during the present pastorate. 

During the ministry of Mr. McClenaghan the Woman's 
Missionary Society was organized in 1889. In the spring of 
1892 the societies of Christian Endeavor of Pleasant Grove and 
Stephensburgh were organized. These societies have done 
good work in their respective spheres since their organization. 

When one looks back from the settled orderly present to 
the uncertain beginning of eighty-five years ago ; when one 
compares the abundant preaching of the word, the many meet- 
ings for prayer and the steady instruction in the Sabbath 
schools with the dearth of those privileges in that early time ; 
and when one thinks of the many who have been saved through 

The Presbyterian Church of Pleasant Grove 


the instrumentality of Pleasant Grove Church from that earlier 
time till now, is it possible to do anything else than to thank 
God and take courage ? Is it a wonder that there are many 
who love the Pleasant Grove Church and who loyally expect 
better thing for it and from it in the future ? 

Rev. William James Mewhinnev, the present pastor, was 
installed October 28th, 1891. 





H in 


New Germantown. 

NLIKE other settlements of the early 
Germans, the village of New German- 
town is older than its church organiza- 
tion. It is said, however, that a log 
church for Episcopal service was in exist- 
ence before the first edifice for Lutheran 
worship. This latter building was erected 
as we have seen in the year 1749, and dedicated December 4th. 
It was to take the place of the four smaller churches at Fox 
Hill, Rockaway (Potterstown), Leslysland (Whitehouse) and 

The land upon which the church was built was part of a lot 
of seven and a half acres, leased to the congregation by Ralph 
Smith. This lease is dated the 10th of November, 1749, and 
refers to the church as already built. 

In 1768 it was converted into a fee by a commutation of the 
quit-rent. The trustees, whose names are given in the lease, 
were Baltis Bickle, Hones (John) Melek, Philip Weise, alias 
White, Casper Hendershot, Lawrence Rulifson, Samuell Bar- 
nard, David Meleck, Jacob Cline, Adam Vockerot, Jacob Ship- 
man, George Swart and Joseph Hornbaker. 

These same names are found in another interesting docu- 
ment, a note, viz., given to Baltis Pickle for ^80, dated 18th of 
December, 1750. 

The congregation must have been in great need of money. 


£Ck 'A. . 



/ ! 

Settlers of Tewksbury Township 195 

For at this time they had just built their stone church, which 
was estimated to cost ^300, and their young pastor had insisted 
upon their buying a parsonage farm "near the church" for 
^120. These amounts may not seem large in themselves, but 
they had to be raised from a people diminished in number and 
impoverished in resourses by a long series of vexatious law- 
suits with the wicked Woolf. 

A map of the church lot, obtained from Ralph Smith, which 
was made in 1755 by Wilmot, was kindly loaned to the author 
by B. Van Doren Fisher, Esq., and has been reproduced for this 

This map gives evidence of the presence of a school at that 
early date. This was probably then and for a long time the 
only one in Tewkesbury township. 

Ralph Smith is the real founder of New Germantown, to 
which he gave the name of Smithfield. It retained this name 
until about 1760, when the name New Germantown first appears 
in a deed. 

Ralph Smith is said to have come to New Jersey from Boston 
in the year 1734. He removed in 1759 to some place, which he 
called Mount Lebanon. His property was conveyed by leases 
to run for various periods, but generally for one hundred years. 
The old church is said to have been an exact copy of the Epis- 
copal church built by General Washington at Pohick Creek,. 

The very low walls were surmounted by an immense bar- 
rack-shaped roof, sloping to the four sides. The windows were 
small, square and high from the ground, and the pulpit with 
its immense sounding board, was opposite the large doors, 
which were in the middle of the south wall. In the centre of 
the church, in the broad aisle, was a long, shallow trench, in 
which charcoal would be heaped up and burned, to serve the 
purpose of a stove. There were five aisles, and two galleries 
at the sides; one being used as an organ loft and containing a 
fine instrument for those days. 

From Wilmot's map we may get a fair idea of the village 
as it was at that time. At that early period a schopl-house 
stood a few feet east of the church, facing south on the line of 

196 Early Germans of New Jersev 

King street, now Church street, and was the German school 
spoken of in old documents. 

The lot north of and adjacent to the church contained nearly 
an acre. On the opposite side of the Fox Hill road, now Main 
street, there was a school-house on the second lot. There was 
apparently no house on the lot south of this one, belonging to 
Thomas Holm (Helm?). The next lot, which was built upon, 
probably belonged to John Carlisle, no doubt the brother of 
Robert, of Chester, Morris Co. It is described, however, as 
occupied by a Mrs. Ireland. 

Jonas Melick owned the corner lot opposite to the church. 
He was born in Bendorf, Germany, in 17 10, and was the brother 
of David, of New Germantown, and the son of John Peter, of 
Bendorf, Germany. Jonas was the cousin of John Melick, of 
the "Old Farm," whose story Mr. Andrew Melick has so 
charmingly told in his well-known work. John Fleet and 
Thomas Holm occupied the tavern lot, containing about three 
acres, which fronted about equally upon both roads. 

The following is taken from "Our Home," published in 


The land opposite the church, fronting on King's road, was 
divided by Ralph Smith into seven lots of 66 feet front, and 
numbered from Main street eastward. No. 1, containing one- 
fourth of an acre, was leased to James Cole in 1761, the quit 
claim subsequently coming into the possession of the church. 
The said Cole came from Boston in 1734, and had thirteen 

No. 2 was the lot known as the "High house lot," owing to 
the house upon it having a basement and a very high porch. 
It was conveyed in 1753 to Michael Hendershot. In 1758 one 
Bryan Lafferty recovering judgment against Hendershot, the 
lot was sold by Moore Furman, the sheriff, to Frederick Schultz, 
for j£&o, the quit-claim subsequently coming into possession of 
the church. 

This lot was afterwards occupied by Dr. Oliver Barnet and 
also by Major Rinehart. 

No. 3 occupied by Edward Kreiter, at a later day known as 

Settlers of Tewksbury Township 


the " Betsey Adams" lot and occupied a few years ago by Har- 
mon Henry, also came into possession of the church. 

On the 30th of October, 1766, John Welsh and Catherine his 
wife, innkeeper of New York, give a mortgage to William 
McDonald, of Somerset Co., N., J., for lot No. 3 in Smithfield, 
Tewksbury township, Hunterdon Co. It is described as on the 
north side of Kings street and beginning 64 feet from James 
Cole's corner and running eastward. 

No. 4 was conveyed in 1759 to Andrew Shandler for one 
hundred years. This also came into possession of the church. 
It was occupied among others, at a later day, by Squire Demun 
and John Fisher. 

No. 5 was sold by one Jonathan Toms to Major Godfrey 
Reinhart on a perpetual lease at fifteen shillings per year. 

No. 6 contained a one story house formerly well remem- 
bered. The church still holds the original claim on this 

No. 7 was owned by a Melick. 

The purchase of the above lots by the church in 1768 was no 
doubt for the purpose of investing the legacy of £ 1,000 
($2,666 ?) which Baltis Pickle left to the church in the year 1766. 

Godfrey Rinehart kept the first store in the village. In 
1757 or S the parsonage house was built on the church lands, 
and the old stone house is still standing, being owned by Mr. 
Frederick Apgar, whose property includes the old church farm. 

This house is the one mentioned by Dr. Muhlenberg as built 
to accommodate him, the former building not being large 
enough for his use. It was thus intended to offer him some 
inducement to come and live in this region at least for a time. 
He occupied this dwelling during his stay 1859-60. Here also 
no doubt lived his two sons, viz., Peter and Henry, who each in 
turn took the active charge of the Lutheran Churches here. 

It is impossible to locate all the early settlers of Tewksbury 
township as the land was simply leased for a period and was 
not sold until about 1790 or later. The Livingston tract, speak- 
ing generally, belonged largely on the east side of the Fair- 
mount road and the Parker on the west. The land to the east 
of the West Jersey tract belonged to Budd and Logan. The 

198 Early Germans of New Jersey 

society line whose course was south forty-seven degrees west 
from Pottersville to Potterstown and ran along the road from 
the latter place to New Germantown, bounded these lands on 
the east. 

Pottersville was first called Lamington and afterwards 
Potter's Mills. There were mills here as early as 1756, owned 
by William Willet. The grist mill was burned in 1820 and 
rebuilt. In 1840 it was remodeled and again rebuilt in 1878. 
The feed mill was first a factory for carding wool and weaving 
blankets. It was turned into its present use about thirty years 
ago. The village consists of a store, with a post office, flouring 
mill, feed mill, blacksmith shop, machine shop and foundry, 
shoe shop and fifteen dwellings. It was named after its prin- 
cipal citizen Sering Potter. 

Cokesburg is claimed to be as old as 1754, when a furnace 
was built there, but the name does not appear on the township 
book and it therefore could not have been a place of any im- 
portance as early as that. It has a store, a blacksmith shop, 
wheelwright shop, a Presbyterian and a Methodist Church and 
fourteen dwellings. 

Minard Farley settled near here before 1760. The family 
came from George, who was at Woburn, Mass., as early as 
1641. From there the family went to Roxbury, Mass., and from 
there came to Trenton, N. J., where George and Caleb were 
found in 1709 as trustees of the Presbyterian Church. The 
former of these two was grandfather of Meindert. 

Mountainville has been so called for 40 years, since the 
school house was built. J . C. Farley is the present store-keeper. 
It has two mills and twenty-three dwellings. 

Farmersville has a school house and eight dwellings. 

Fairmount has twenty-three dwellings, whose inhabitants 
have their post-office here. This was established in 1850. 

■ V 







jP^™^^) iOUTHOLD ' Lou S Island, named after a 
«* flC^T^ iu town of the same name in Suffolk Co., 
England, from whence the first pastor, 
Rev. John Youngs probably came, is the 
oldest in Long Island. It was first set- 
tled in 1638, and the church there was 
organized October 31st, 1640. 
Thus early did the religious sentiment of these sturdy 
Puritans assert itself. " In their deep poverty their liberality 
abounded," and before their lands were wholly cleared or their 
own homes hardly erected they built their house of worship 
and burdened themselves with the support of a preacher. 

Among these settlers were then or very soon afterwards to 
be found the families among others, of Brown, Baker, Case, 
Corwin, Cooper, Corey, Cramer, Dickerson (or Dickinson), 
Haines, Horton, Howell, King, Moore, Overton, Paine, Salmon, 
Scudder, Swezey, Terry, Tuthill, Vail, Wells, Wiggins, Wines' 
Youngs and others. 

Of these early settlers of Southold some removed to Eliza- 
beth, N. J. Such were William Cramer, John Dickerson, John 
Haines, William Johnson, Jeffrey Jones, Eva Salisbury, Barna- 
bas Wines, Jr., and Thomas Youngs. 

Easthampton and Southampton were settled by branches of 
some of these same families. Thus when the Rev. Abraham 

20o Early Germans of New Jersey 

Pierson founded Newark, N. J., with a contingent from South- 
ampton, they found settled near them in Elizabeth, people of 
the same names as their own. 

The people of Southold were very decided in their preferences 
as to the form of their church government. They were con- 
gregational of the type called Separatists. It is their church 
which is spoken of under that title in Smith's History of New 
Jersey (1765). 

The township of Roxbury was formed 1740. The record 
of this event is as follows : December 24th, 174c : A petition 
to the court from sundry of the inhabitants of the south- 
westerly part of the county of Morris praying that they be 
made a township for several causes therein set forth. The 
court grants their petition, and bounds said township, to be 
called henceforth Roxbury, from the bounds of Somerset Co., 
thence up the river commonly called Peapack, and up the same, 
including the same, to that branch, or part thereof, called Indian 
Run. and thence northerly and westerly by the bounds of 
Hanover to the Great Pond; thence down by the same to the 
Musconetcong to the bounds of the county ; thence by the 
bounds of Hunterdon, Essex and Somerset counties to the 
place first mentioned. 

The bounds of the township are too indefinite to be pre- 
cisely defined. Indian River was that now called the North 
Branch. But they no doubt included not only the present 
townships of Chester (formed February, 1799), Washington 
(formed January, 1798), Mt. Olive (formed 1871), but also a 
part of Mendham, Randolph and Roxbury. 

Morris Co. was formed March 15, 1738-9. Previous to this 
Hanover, as a township of Hunterdon, is recognized in 1722) 
and Walpack in 1732. 

Mendham, formed in 1749, took off the eastern part of Rox- 

Township Officers. 

The township officers for the first year were as follows : 

Appointed 1741, March 25, William Griffing, clerk; Nathaniel 
Drake and David Luce, freeholders; Samuel Coleman, as- 
sessor; Obadiah Seward, collector; James Pitney and Theo- 


Settlers from Southold and Southampton 201 

philus Case, surveyors of highways; Nathaniel Drake and 
Samuel Haton, overseers of highways ; William Douglas, con- 
stable ; Aaron Stark and George Halloway, overseer': of the 

From December 22, 1741 to 1746, the new names that occur 
were Thomas and John Green, John Hardin, Joseph Langdon, 
Will. Pew, Ben. Luce for December, 1741; Israel and Richard 
Swayzie, Ezekiel Frost, Nathaniel and Richard Fansher, James 
Martin for 1742 ; James Wells, Richard Sutton, Jonah Hopkins, 
George Park, John Bell for 1744; Caleb Swayzie, David Hop- 
kins, Will Lorison, John Brown, John and Samuel Swayzie, for 
1745: Daniel and John Budd, Benj. Manning and Samuel 
Horton, for 1746. 

The statement, repeated by Mr. Johnson in his History of 
the Congregational Church, that Chester township was divided 
into lots in 1713 and 1714, can only be true of the original 
surveys which were taken up about that time. As we shall 
see the actual settlement could not have taken place in less 
than twenty or twenty-five years later. 

Caleb Horton came to Roxbury from Southold in the year 
1748. He was the great grandson of Barnabas, of Southold, 
who came in 1633-8, from Mouseley, in Leicestershire, England. 
Caleb bought in 1747, of Isaac Pierson, 1,782 acres (the Gardiner 
tract), in what is now Chester township. 

Samuel Horton, about whom nothing is known, was sur- 
veyor of highways of Roxbury in 1746. 

Samuel Swazey came from Southold to Roxbury, 17th May, 
1737. This is the earliest date on record for the settlement of 
the above township, unless we consider John Colver, as a resi- 
dent, since his will is dated in 1732 at Roxbury. But Colver 
probably resided on Schooley's Mountain. Samuel Swazey was 
probably a son of John id-oi Southold. He owned at his death, 
in 1759, nearly a thousand acres in Chester township, and in 
Warren Co. His son Samuel was the first psstor of the Con- 
gregational church, and in 1773 he and his brother Richard 
removed to Western Florida, now Mississippi. Thev had 
bought there of Captain Amos Ogden in 1772, 19,000 acres of 
land. The brothers took with them to Florida, a number of 

202 Early Germans of New Jersey 

families, from whom the Farrars, Kings, Corys, Montgomerys, 
Pipes, Foules, Colemans, Jones, Callenders, Fowlers, Luses, 
Griffing, Hopkins, Nobles, Ashfords, and many others in that 
vicinity are descended. (See Part II, p. 523). 

Two other sons of Samuel, viz.: Israel and Barnabas, set- 
tled near Hope, Warren Co. Mary, his youngest child, mar- 
ried John Seward and became the ancestress of the prominent 
family of that name. 

John Budd, the grandson of John, who removed from 
Southoid to Westchester Co., N. Y., in 1661, came to Roxbury 
about 1740. He had ten children, whose descendants are still 
found in Chester township. 

William Corwin, the great-great-grandson of Matthias of 
Southoid, came to Roxbury before 1767, and resided about one 
mile and a half north of Chester. 

Isaac Corwin, of unknown relationship to William, settled 
near Flanders during the Revolutionary war. 

The DeCamps were descendants of Henry, of Middlesex 
Co., who was the grandson of La wrens Jans, an immigrant to 
New Amsterdam in 1664. 

Philemon Dickerson, of Southoid, was the grandfather of 
Thomas, whose five children, Thomas, Daniel, Joshua, Peter, 
and a sister Elizabeth, came to Roxbury in 1745. Peter was 
the grandfather of Gov. Mahlon Dickerson. 

David Luse, freeholder in 1741, came to Roxbury with his 
brother Benjamin, as early as 1736, when he bought land near 

Samuel Coleman, assessor in 1741, had fifteen children and 
was probabiy related to the family of Orange Co. 

Obadiah Seward, collector in 1741, came from Brookhaven, 
L. I., and settled at first on land now owned by a descendant 
at the cross-roads; He removed to Berkshire Valley and John, 
one of his sons, who married Mary Swazey, removed to Sussex 
Co., and from there his children removed to Orange Co., N. Y 
The ex-Secretary of State was of this family. 

The first of the name in this country was probably William, 
who sailed from London 6th January, 1634, for St. Christopher 

Settlers from Southold and Southampton 203 

and the Barbadoes. His son Obadiah 1st, father of Obadiah of 
New Jersey, was in Brookhaven as early as 1664. 

The Skellf.nger family in this State are descended from 
Jacobus Schelinx, who came to New Amsterdam in 1643. He 
removed in 1658 to Amagansett, L. I. Daniel, his grandson, 
removed to Roxbury about 1776 and settled on a farm between 
Chester and Mendham. 

William Larason, surveyor of the highways in 1745, 
bought a large farm on Pleasant Hill in 1748. He was the son 
of William, constable of Hopewell township in 1721, and the 
grandson of John, a Danish nobleman, who was on the rate 
list of Newtown, L. I., in 1683. 

Abraham Drake, the son of Rev. John, of Piscataway, 
bought land at Drakeville in 1751. His son Nathaniel was a 
freeholder of Roxbury in 1741. Abraham was the grandfather 
of Col. Jacob and father probably of Nathaniel of Sussex Co., 
and the grandfather of Silas of Draketown. The Drakes of 
Mendham were apparently of another family, who were of 
Holland descent. Johannes Drack, of Jamaica, L. I., in 1715, 
was probably the ancester of this family. 

Thomas Faircloe, who came from the border between 
France and Germany, was the first of his name in New Jersey 
and came hither probably about 1750. 

William Griffiths (or Griffing), the first clerk of Roxbury, 
appointed 1741, was probably the grandson of Jasper, who came 
from Wales to Southold before 1679. 

Theophilus Case, surveyor of highways, 1741, was probably 
the son of Theophilus of Southold. The latter was the son of 
William, who came from England to Rhode Island in 1635. 
Theophilus and Ichabod and John, three brothers probably 
came together from Southold to Roxbury. 

Richard Terry, from Southold, was th. first of the name 
in Roxbury. Three brothers, Richard, Thomas and Robert 
had come from England in 1635. Richard, of New Jersey, was 
probably the great-grandson of the first named of these 

Thomas and James Reeves came to Southold about 1660; 
Thomas removed to Southampton in 1667. Silas, of Roxbury, 

204 Early Germans or New Jersey 

who died 1777, and had seven children probably came from 

Settlers from Southampton. 

Southampton is the next oldest town on Long Island to 
Southold. It was settled 1640, by people of the Presbyterian 
preference. The founders of the church of this order in Ches- 
ter came mostly from this place. 

Nathan Cooper came from Southampton, L. I., and pur- 
chased 600 acres in Roxiticus. He was the great-grandfather 
of General Nathan. 

Elias Howell removed from Southampton to New Jersey 
and died on the way. His son Elias bought 200 acres of Nathan 
Cooper at Milltown in Chester township, 1822. Nathan 
Howell bought a farm at Hacklebarney of Johannes Haas in 

Rev. William Woodhull, pastor of the Presbyterian Church 
of Chester, was the first of his name in this vicinity, He came 
in the year 1768. He was the son of John and great-great- 
grandson of Richard who immigrated in 1648 to Brookhaven. 

Joseph Hedges, M. D., was the first physician in the town- 
ship. He married a daughter of Rev. Will. Woodhull. He was 
descended from William, who settled in Southampton in 1644 
and removed to Easthampton in 1649. 

Other settlers of old Roxbury will be found in the Genealo- 
gies, Part II of this work. 


The first school was taught in a log house by the Rev. Mr. 
Woodhull until the Revolution. Miss Phebe Jagger also taught 
for a time 2 private school on the Cooper estate. From 1800- 
1812 John G. Gardner, of Connecticut, taught a school in the 
village. Another teacher was Miss Hester Brackett, afterward 
the mother of Dr. T. F. White, of Summit, N. J. William 
Rankin removed hither from Deckertown in 1854 and taught 
school in the brick hotel until 1862, when he removed to Mend- 
ham. Rev. L. I. Stoutenburgh, Miss Susan Magie, Mrs. M. F. 
Hoagland, Rev. P. S. Smith, Mrs. C. Y. Baker and Rev. J. H. 
McCandless have taught successively in " The Chester Insti- 

Settlers from Southold and Southampton 


tute. In 1870 a three story building-, erected by the Hon. 
Daniel Budd, was taken possession of and used for school pur- 
poses by Miss Magie. The Rev. James F. Brewster also con- 
ducted a private school while pastor of the Presbyterian 
Church. (History of Morris Co., p. 214). 
Iron Mines. 
Hacklebarney had a forge more than a hundred years ago. 
It was sold in 1786 by Samuel Ross to Frederick Bartles and a 
mortgage upon it was given by the latter in 1790 to Randall & 
Stewart, of New York. This 100 acres was the northern end 
of a tract bought by John Wortman, Sr., in 1771, of Peter 
Schenck. Hon. Daniel Budd, in partnership with Mr. Bartley, 
carried on this forge for many years. In 1867 mines were 
opened in various places and the transporting of the ore 
increased with the building of the Chester Railroad in 1869. 

The Chester furnace, situated west of Chester village, was 
built in 1878 by the Jersey Spiegel Iron Company. In 1879 it 
was leased by the \V. J. Taylor Co. This furnace was torn 
down in 1792 or 3. 

In 1872 the tracks (about five miles long) between the 
Hedges mine and Hacklebarney and the D., L. and W. R. R. 
were laid. In 1881 this track was extended a mile and a half 
through the village to the Swayzie, Leek and Cooper mines. 
No mining at all is now carried on at or near Chester. 

The Methodist Episcopal Church 
was organized in 1881 and Rev. E. S. Ferry was appointed its 
first pastor. For five or six years services were held in the 
academy by the Peapack pastor. In 1881 the Methodist Church 
of Bedmiuster was removed and erected in Chester. 


Rev. Frank A. Johnson. 

PUR limits of space prevent us from giving 
in full the historical sermon of Mr. John- 
son, delivered in his church on the 2d of 
Jul}-, 1876, but it was substantially as 
follows : " I have thus sketched the 
growth of our national and denomina- 
tional life, that we may bear in mind 
some of the remarkable changes that have occurred while our 
own church was making its history. 

Now let us consider in very condensed form, third, the his- 
tory of the First Congregational Church of Chester ; not only 
the oldest Congregational Church in New Jersey, but, so far as 
I can ascertain, the oldest west of the Hudson River. 

The fathers of the Congregational Church in Chester, 
formerly called Roxbury, were descended from the company of 
English Puritans who first settled in Southhold, Long Island. 
Their fathers left England during the turbulent times in the 
reign of Charles the First. They fled from the tyranny and 
oppression, and were ardently devoted to civil liberty, and jeal- 
ous for the purity and simplicity of the Protestant religion. 
The Rev. John Youngs, who had been a minister of Hingham, 
England, came to New Haven, Conn., with a part of his church 
in 1640. He remained there but a short time and then passed 
over to Long Island, with his church and settled upon a tract 
of land purchased from the Conhony Indians. They were a 

Chester Congregational Church =07 

godly people, and from the beginning of their settlement we 
find them careful to make provision for the support of the 
gospel, to exact punctual attendance on public worship and a 
strict observance of the Sabbath. 

In 1702 the town court fined a person 6s. yd. for a breach of 
the Sabbath, and in 17 11 another man three shillings for pro- 
fane swearing. 

Previous to 1645 they are supposed to have erected their 
first house of worship. 

The constitution of this church was originally Congrega- 
tional and so remained till 1832. 

The tract of land now constituting the township of Chester. 
was surveyed and run into lots in 17 13 and 17 14, and began 
soon after [?] to be settled with emigrants from Southhold, L. I., 
who had been brought up in the Congregational Church, 
planted there by their fathers, and were by conviction and pro- 
fession attached to its doctrines and customs. 

It was in their hearts to do as their fathers had done, plant 
a church of the same faith and form of government as that in 
which they had been baptised and to which they owed so much. 

Having settled from one to three miles apart, in a country 
to be cleared of heavy timber, with their private buildings to 
erect, roads, bridges and fences to make, and families to sup- 
port ; it is wonderful that they, as early as 1 747, should have 
been able to erect a commodious house of worship, with pews 
and galleries to seat an audience of 400. This house stood about 
twenty rods northwest of the present meeting house. 

This building was used for a house of worship till 1803. 

Two generations worshipped in it, and many souls were 
born into the Saviour's Kingdom within its sacred walls. 

It was remodeled in 1803, but a part of its timbers still exist 
in the frame work of a barn on the estate of Mr. William 
Seward at Chester Cross Roads. 

Just imagine a Sabbath in 1776 when your fathers assem- 
bled in this old church. Jt is doubtful whether a wheeled 
vehicle drove up to the door. Some came on horseback, but 
more walked, winding their way for miles through woodland 
foot paths. The women often carried their shoes in their 

208 Early Germans of New Jersey 

hands to save wear and tear, placing them upon their feet as 
they approached the church. 

We should think it a strange appearing company which 
gathered in that meeting house, but there were men and 
women there who feared God, whom God loved as his dear 
children, who have long since entered the mansion prepared 
for the lowly as well as the great who truly love and serve 

About the time of the building of this first church the ex- 
citement which caused the separation in the Congregational 
Churches of Connecticut and Long Island reached this settle- 
ment, and a majority of the inhabitants became " separates" as 
the)' were then called. A separate Congregational Church was 
gathered, which was ministered unto by Rev. Samuel Sweazy 
for about twenty years. These Separatists retained the doc- 
trines and form of government of the regular Congregational 
Churches. Their separation was a protest against the oppres- 
sion and worldly influence of the union between Church and 
State which existed especially in Connecticut. No wonder 
there was a protest against the punishment of ministers for 
preaching outside their own parish without special consent of 
the minister and two-thirds of the parish in which they wished 
to preach. Or against the treating as vagabonds of ministers 
who were traveling and preaching outside of their own States. 
Or against the fining or imprisoning of those who failed to 
attend the parish meeting, or the preaching of their own min- 
ister on the Sabbath. 

All honor to the spirit of liberty that dared the opposition 
of a powerful State Church rather than submit to such oppres- 
sion. A. minority of the former worshippers in this church 
withdrew and joined another church. 

They called the Rev. Marches to be their minister, and 
about 1755 built the house across the river, where the Presby- 
terian Church formerly worshipped. 

Soon after the close of the pastorate of the Rev. Mr. Sweazy 
the war of the Revolution began. The years 1777 and '78 were 
stirring times in New Jersey. Hostile armies crossed and 
recrossed the State, desolating its fair villages with fire and 

Chester Congregational Church 209 

sword. Chester was off the line of conflict, and yet must have 
been a source of supply for the patriot army while encamped 
at Morristown. 

During these years worship was suspended and the Con- 
gregational Meeting House was used as a hospital for wounded 
and disabled soldiers. It is to be regretted that the church 
records do not give us a more complete account of the events 
of this important historical period. Every patriotic impulse is 
stirred to know more of those scenes that transpired upon this 
hillside ; when, in this old chureh, patriots suffered and yielded 
their lives for the holy cause of freedom. But the entries in 
the books for those years are very meagre. During these ex- 
citing times, when worship was suspended, the moral and 
religious habits of the people suffered greatly. 

About 1779 a union of the two churches was attempted 
under the Rev. David Baldwin, who, for six years preached on 
alternate Sabbaths in the two houses of worship. 

Failing to accomplish the desired union Mr. Baldwin left 
his field of labor and soon after the church was pronounced 
dissolved. But immediately a new Congregational Church was 
organized, and in June, 1785, the Rev. James Youngs was 
ordained and installed as pastor. The ministry of Mr. Youngs 
was very short. He died in November, 1790, aged 32, deeplv 
lamented by his people and his brethren in the ministry. The 
church records have this entry concerning him : "All accounts 
go to prove him a most amiable man, a sincere, exemplary and 
devoted Christian. The effects of his ministry, short as it was, 
were extensive and happy. Blessed are the dead that die in 
the Lord." 

From 1 7 90- 1 80 1, the church was without a regular pastor, 
but ministers from Long Island frequently visited the people, 
and through their preaching sinners were converted and the 
church edified. 

In November, 1800, the church held a day of fasting and 
prayer for direction in the choice of another pastor. They 
were led to extend a call to Mr. Stephen Overton, who was 
ordained and installed pastor on the 16th of June, 1801. The 
congregation rapidly increased. In 1803 the original house of 

210 Early Germans of New Jersey 

worship was replaced by another more modern in appearance, 
50 feet by 40 in size, with front and side galleries, a steeple 
and bell. 

Great revivals occurred during Mr. Overton's early minis- 
try, and many substantial members were added to the church, 
but many, sad to relate, dishonored their profession, and re- 
turned to the world. 

From 1817 to 1828 the church and congregation sadly 
declined in spirituality and in regard for the prosperity of the 
church. It was feared that a final dissolution would result 
from this indifference. 

Mr. Overton was dismissed from his long pastorate in March, 
1828. He died on September 18th, 1839. The church records 
refer to him as possessed of strong intellectual powers with "a 
clear melodious voice and thrilling elocution, endowed with one 
of the strongest constitutions ; he travelled much, preaching 
more than once a day for weeks in succession." 

From its formation till 1810 the church and pastor were 
enrolled as members of the "Separate Congregational Con- 
vention of Connecticut and Long Island." 

In 1 8 10, with other churches in this State, it formed a new 
and similar convention, which in 1828 was dissolved. 

Let us try to picture a Sabbath in this second house of wor- 
ship in 1826, half a century ago. 

Since 1776 there have been many improvements, yet even 
now nothing we could call a carriage approaches the door. 
Man} 7 of the congregation still come on horseback, others walk, 
while now and then a rude wagon deposits its load at the door. 
As we enter the door everything seems very strange to us 
in 1776. The pulpit is so high that necks are fearfully 
wrenched in efforts to see the preacher. 

A row of box-pews with high backs, facing toward the 
centre of the church extends along the wall and several rows of 
pews of like pattern occupy the space directly in front of the 
pulpit. The remainder of the house is filled with ordinary 
seats. If it be a winter's day we shall find no fire, and will 
wonder why these people make such a sacrifice of comfort to 
hear the gospel, when, in our days a slight fall in the ther- 

Chester Congregational Church 211 

mometer would keep half the congregation home from a com- 
fortably warmed church. The congregation is dressed with 
severe simplicity and gives token of a sturdy and hard working 

In the autumn of 1828 the Rev. Abner Morse was called to 
the care of the church as acting pastor for three years. 

He found its spiritual life at a very low ebb'. It was resolved 
that it would not be right to commune at the Lord's table till 
the church had purged itself of a large number of neglectful 
and immoral persons. A meeting was called for those only 
who still considered themselves the cordial friends of Christ, 
and who were ready to renew their covenant with Him. Some 
fifty persons responded to this call, two of whom are now 
living. While under the pastoral care of Mr. Morse the church 
was prospered and its membership largely increased. 

Mr. Morse was dismissed at his own request in the spring 
of 1833. The Rev. Charles Jones officiated as acting pastor 
from August, i833-'3S. The church, in granting him his dis- 
mission, paid him a high compliment as " an able and faithful 
minister of the Gospel. 

The Rev. John Fishpool, a native of Essex in England, was 

stated supply of the church from October, 1835-October, 1836. 

From 1836 to 1840 the church was supplied by different 

members of the New York State Congregational Association, 

with which the church was now connected. 

For some eight months in 1839 the Rev. Lewis F. Terrill 
acted as stated supply. During these years there was much 
discord among the membership, few were added to the church, 
and its spiritual interest suffered greatly. 

During 1840 and 1841 the church was very much dis- 
couraged ; the ordinances of the gospel were neglected and for 
nearly a year not more than one sermon was heard in the 

On October 6, 1841, Mr. Luke I. Stoutenburg, of Poughkeep- 
sie, N. Y., a licentiate of the New York Association, supplied 
the pulpit and was invited to continue the supply for several 
Sabbaths. On December 15th, 1841, it was voted to call Mr. 
Stoutenburg to the pastorate of the church. The call was 

212 Early Germans of New Jersey 

accepted, and on June 14th, 1842. he was ordained and installed 
pastor of the church. 

Mr. Stoutenburg remained pastor till December 17th, 1867, 
when his resignation was accepted by the church. The events 
of this pastorate are so comparatively recent, and are so well- 
known to you, that I will pass them by without particular 
mention. Suffice it to say that during these years the church 
was greatly prc^pered, and, indeed began a new and more 
healthy life. The congregation and membership were much 
increased. On one Sabbath, February 21st, 1842, forty-eight 
persons united with the church, (the largest addition at any one 
time) eight of whom are active members. 

In 1854 the second house of worship was taken down and 
the building in which we are now assembled was erected. In 
December, 1867, the Rev. James I. Evans was called, and in 
June. 1868, was installed pastor. During this pastorate the 
parsonage now owned by the church was built. 

On April 1, 187 1, the resignation of the pastor was tended 
to and accepted by the church. 

For some months after the close of this pastorate a period 
of trial and discouragement intervened, but the preaching ser- 
vices were continued, usually by ministers of sister churches. 

In September, 1872, the Rev. B. F. Bradford, pastor of the 
Congregational church of Charlotte, Michigan, was invited to 
the pastorate. Mr. Bradford acted as stated supply till May, 
1875. The events of his ministry are so fresh in your memory 
that I need not recall them. He was the intimate friend of 
most of you ; and a large proportion of the membership of the 
church is the fruit of his labor. He left the church united, 
happy and prosperous. 

On June 15, 1875, the present pastor was called; the call was 
accepted. He entered upon his duties on August 1st, and was 
installed pastor by a council convened for that purpose. 

Such is the historical narrative of this dear old church down 
to the present date. We should like to know more of its early 
history, especially in the Revolutionary period, those days that 
tried men's souls ; but we should be thankful that the church 
records are so complete, that no period in its long life is 


Chester Congregational Church 213 

shrouded in utter darkness. It is to be regretted that the 
statistical portion of the church records previous to 1830 were 
in such an imperfect state that we cannot ascertain the total 
membership, baptisms, etc. 

At this time the membership is 240. In all probability the 
membership at any one time was never larger than at present. 

In 120 years there have been six pastors whose terms of 
service aggregate 81 years, viz.: Mr. Swazy, 20 years; Mr. 
Youngs, 5 years; Mr. Overton, 27 years; Mr. Stoutenburg, 26 
years ; Mr. Evans. 3 years, and the pastor now in office. Dur- 
ing the same period there were five regular stated supplies, 
viz.: Mr. Morse, 5 years; Mr. Jones, 2 years: Mr. Fishpool, 1 

year ; Mr. Terrill, 8 months ; Mr. Bradford, 3 years. 


The Rev. E. B. England, of the Reformed Episcopal Church 
of Newark, was called to be the successor of Rev. F. A. John- 
son, the 15th of November, 1889, and remained until 1894, when 
he resigned to accept the call to the Presbyterian church of 
Washington, N. J. In November. 1894 Rev. AbrahamL. Sheer 
accepted the call to this church, and is now its pastor. 

The present deacons are, J. H. Cramer, S. H. Leek, D. 
Stryker, S. Schuyler. 

The trustees are, H. P. Sanderson, E. T. Howell, J. K. 
Davis, George Squier, H. Y, Hall. 



By Rev. James F. Brewster. 

VWife ^ ^ ■:'•.•■•. ■■•■iy >.'\ HE first minister ordained over this con- 
gregation, or the church of Roxbury as 
it then was called, was Rev. Samuel 
Harker, or Harcour, who was probably 
of Hug-uenot descent. In Foote's 
sketches of North Carolina, to which 
State some of his ancestors removed, he 
is described as remarkable for size, vigor and strength, and is 
said to have spent his earl}- youth in manual labor. He grad- 
uated at Princeton College and was licensed to preach by the 
Presbytery of New Brunswick, Dec. 6th, 1751. The records 
of that Presbyter)' inform us that being called to Roxbury, on 
Black River, in Morris County, New Jersey, he was ordained 
there October 31st, 1752. 

In an autobiography of Dr. Caldwell, published at Chapel 
Hill, North Carolina, by order of the editors of the University 
Magazine, he makes the following record concerning Mr. 
Harker : " My grandmother's name was Rachel Lovel [daugh- 
ter of a French Protestant, residing at Oyster Bay, Long Island]. 
She married a Mr. Harker, who was a minister of the Presby- 
terian Church. My grandfather Harker was remarkable for 
personal size and strength. He was experienced in all or- 

The Chester Presbyterian Church 215 

dinary practical business. It was said of him that he would go 
into the harvest field and cradle more wheat in a day than any 
other man in his part of the country. In his ministerial labors, 
both in and out of the pulpit, he was ever regarded with high 
estimation and confidence by his congregation." 

I am sorry, however, to be obliged to add to this that Mr. 
Harker entertained some doctrinal errors which eventually 
caused his separation from his church about eleven years after 
his ordination. The Presbytery heard in 1757 that he had 
imbibed and vented certain erroneous doctrines, and were 
about to proceed against him when they learned that he had 
left his charge and gone as a chaplain in the army. By order 
of Synod in 1759 a committee met at Mendham and examined 
a paper containing Mr. Harker's principles, many of which 
they found to be correct, but others containing errors. On 
hearing this report the Synod thought it expedient "to try yet 
whether further converse may convince him, and agree that he 
meet with Samuel and James Finley, John Blair and Robert 
and Sampson Smith at Nottingham in November ; and on his 
return with Gilbert Tennant, Treat, Ewing and Dr. Alison," he 
met with these committees without any benefit, though the 
interview lasted two days and one evening. In 1761 he pub- 
lished his sentiments in a book entitled "An appeal to the 
Christian World," to which the Rev. John Blair published an 
answer entitled "The Synod of New York and Philadelphia 
Defended." In 1763 the Synod condemned his propositions, 
declaring that they could not continue him as a member, and 
that he be disqualified for preaching or exercising his ministry 
anywhere. The congregation of Black River, we are told, was 
thrown into confusion, on hearing this, and wrote to Dr. John 
Rodgers, of New York, to call a meeting of Synod without 
delay. He consulted the Presbytery of New Brunswick and 
they judged that it was not desirable, for all the good to be 
expected could be accomplished by sending a committee 
thither. Accordingly in August they sent thither the Rev. 
Messrs. Hait, McKnight and Kennedy, and soon after the 
church of Black River asked for supplies. 

It is asserted that this was the only case of discipline for 

216 Early Germans of New Jersey 

erroneous doctrine during the period extending from 1758 to 
1789 — a proof of the general orthodoxy of the church at that 

For five years after the suspension of Mr. Harker the church 
was without a regular pastor until the fall of 1768, when they 
settled the 

Rev. William Woodhull. 
He was a native of Brookhaven, Long Island, and had been 
preaching in that place for a short time before his removal to 
Black River. He traveled from Long Island to this place on 
horseback, with his wife and child riding on the horse behind 
him. He was a graduate of Princeton College, and studied 
theology with the celebrated Samuel Buell, of East Hampton, 
Long Island. The call was to the united congregations of 
Roxbury and Succasunna, and the original paper is still in my 
possession bearing date September 1st, 1768. 

After preaching for several years Mr. Woodhull was obliged 
to give up his pastoral labor on account of weakness of the 
throat, and for a time the church obtained supplies from the 
Presbytery. He still occupied an important position in the 
community, became a Judge in the Circuit Court, and was the 
teacher of a Latin school until it was broken up by the Revo- 
lutionary War. Dr.. Isaac Brown, in the funeral sermon of his 
brother the Rev. Dr. John Woodhull, of Freehold, and one of 
the founders of Princeton College, speaks of him as a man 
venerable in piety and services as well as years. 

I have in my possession several of his sermons bearing date 
Roxbury, 1769, which prove him to have been a sound and 
able preacher. His name is on the roll of the Presbytery of 
New York as still being pastor of this church in 1770. I find 
the following item in regard to Mr. Woodhull in Hodge's 
History of the Presbyterian Church : " In 1783 the Presbytery 
of New York reported that they had left the name of Rev. 
William Woodhull out of their list of members, because on 
account of feeble health he had relinquished his ministerial 
duties. The Synod deeming this reason to be insufficient 
directed his name to be restored to the roll." From this we 
may learn what was the opinion of the church on the subject 

'Gea.M.Tt JB&uttodt. 

The Chester Presbyterian Church 217 

of the demission of the ministry, which has latterly been exten- 
sively discussed in our General Assembly. 

Mr. Woodhull lived until the 24th of October, 1S24, when he 
died and was buried in the family plot on Pleasant Hill. 

During the stormy period of the American Revolution the 
church was again without a settled paster, but with returning 
peace they sought again a settled minister. 

About the year 1782 we find that the church was supplied 
by Rev. Mr. Baldwin, who, however, was never installed as 
pastor. In 1785 

Rev. Lemuel Fordham 
was obtained as a stated supply, and in 17 86 he received a 
unanimous call to the pastorate of the church. Like that of 
Mr. Woodhull, his time was divided between Roxbury and 
Succasunna. He was a native of Long Island and for thirty 
years he continued the pastor of our church. He is described 
as a plain but good preacher, although the church made no 
marked progress under his ministry. He lived upon the hill 
near the church, several years after the close of his pastorate, 
and died at length of old age. 

Mr. Fordham was succeeded about 18 15 by 
Rev. Jacob Cassner, 
from Baskingridge, N. J. He gave this church one-third of his 
time, preaching at Black River, German Valley and Fox Hill. 

Mr. Cassner was succeeded in 18 18 by 

Rev. John Ernest Miller, 
of Albany, N. Y., a member of the Reformed (Dutch) Church. 
He remained in Chester about four years and a half and the 
church is said to have grown somewhat under his ministry. 
There was one marked revival, especially upon the mountain. 
During his ministry the church edifice on the mountain was 
built, although as Vet there was no church organization. In 
his time stoves were first placed in the church edifice, which, 
without plaster or ceiling, was open to all the winds that swept 
across the hill-top. Mr. Miller left Chester in the spring of 
1823, having been called to the Reformd Dutch Church of 
Tompkinsville, Staten Island, and was succeeded in the autumn 
of the same year by 

218 Early Germans or New Jersey 

Rev. Abraham Williamson, 
who remained the pastor of the church during the following 
thirty years. Mr. Williamson was a native of New Jersey and 
a graduate ot Princeton College and Seminary. Before his 
settlement here he had labored for little more than a year as a 
frontier missionary in the State of Illinois. Two colonies were 
sent forth from the mother church, which now are distinct and 
useful organizations, and the old edifice on the hill-top was 
abandoned, and in 1851 the congregation built and occupied 
this house in which we worship. 

In 1835 forty-eight persons were dismissed from this church 
to organize the Presbyterian church of Mt. Olive, and in 1852 
twenty-six persons were dismissed to form the Presbyterian 
church at Flanders. 

In 1832 there was a marked revival and about fifty were 
received into the church at one time. God's special presence 
was exhibited in the most marked and solemn manner. People 
came from Mendham, the mountain and all surrounding country 
to share in the blessing which the Lord was pouring upon the 
people. The church services were crowded, and even the steps 
of the pulpit were filled with eager and tearful listners. 

On the third day the pastor requested the anxious to remain 
after the services and the rest to leave, and the whole body of 
the church was filled with those inquiring the way of life. 
From the fruits of that revival came some of the best men and 
strongest supporters of the church. 

Mr. Williamson remained in charge of the church until 
1853, in the autumn of which year 

Rev. Geo. M. S. Blauvelt, 

a graduate of Princeton College and Seminary, was ordained 
and installed among you. His pastorate covered three years, 
until October, 1856. In June, 1857, Rev, Josiah Markle, who 
was educated in the Reformed (Dutch) Church at New Bruns- 
wick, became the pastor of the church for the short space of 
nine months, until April, 1858. 

On the following June your present pastor, 

The Chester Presbyterian Church 219 

Rev. James F. Brewster, 
a graduate of Rutgers College and Princeton Theological Semin- 
ary, and a Licentiate of the Presbytery of Passaic, became the 
stated supply of the church, and was ordained and installed on 
the 12th of October, 1858. The relation has now remained un- 
broken for more than eighteen years, and this pastorate is now 
the oldest in the Presbytery, and, with one exception, the oldest 
in the whole northern part of our State. 

Unfortunately we have the record of elders only during the 
last fifty-seven years. Previous to that Mr. Abraham Dicker- 
son is known to some of you as having been a leading and in- 
fluential officer. 

In June, 1819, the roll of the elders of the church were 
William Woodhull, Jr., — a son of the former pastor, — Jared 
Haines and Noah Scudder. These men have long since 
passed away, but their descendants are still among us, and 
their memories are yet held in honor. In the minutes of March 
3rd, 1821, appears the following record : "Mr. Gilbert Bodine 
having been elected by the congregation to the office of the 
ruling elder, and having been duly ordained, appeared this day 
and took his seat as a member of session." For eighteen years 
Mr. Bodine served the church in this office until his death in 


In 1823 Conrad Rarick was elected to the eldership and 
served the church until his removal from their bounds. 

In 1827 Wm. Hedges Woodhull, Stephen Fairclo Ford- 
ham and John Stryker were ordained to the same office. 
For ten years no other officer was elected until 1837, when the 
names of Jonathan Nicholas, James Topping and Henry 
Hedges were odded to their number. 

In 1846 George W. Stenson was set apart to the same office, 
but served the church apparently but a short time. During the 
succeeding eleven years no other elder was elected until the 
autumn of 1857, when the number was increased by the addition 
of Daniel Chamberlain and John D. G. Carlile. In 1865 
John R. Chamberlain and Dr. S. E. Hedges were set apart 
to the same office. In 1867 Mr, Andrew Creger was ordained 
and took his seat as a member of the session. In the spring of 

220 Early Germans of New Jersey 

the present year the church resolved to substitute the term 
eldership for the life tenure, and under this plan Mr. Stephen 
Hedges Hunt and Mr. John Hoagland have been enrolled 
among the number of ruling elders. It has educated and sent 
out two ordained ministers — Rev. Mr. Leek, who died a few 
years ago in the State of Illinois, and Charles Evert Hedges, 
who was soon taken from his work on earth to his home in 

Thus far we have reprinted in condensed form Mr. Brew- 
ster's sermon, delivered 2nd of July, 1876. 

Mr. Brewster resigned on account of ill health, 1890. 
Rev. Frank Melville Kerr 
was ordained and installed, as pastor, 30th of June, 1891, and 
after three years' service he removed to Hempstaad, L. I. in 
1894. He was followed by 

Rev. Conover Samuel Osborne, 
who was ordained and installed in Oct. 22, 1894. 

The elders at present are, Andrew Cregar, W. T. Burd, 
ordained May, 1880; Frederick N. Jenkins, ord. May, 1884; 
Joseph Croat, ord. May, 1892. 

The trustees are, William H. Seward, Esq., President; N. 
C. Vannatta, J. H. Miller, David Sharp, J. W. Tiger, H. 
W. Cyphers. 



Spruce Run Lutheran Church. 

WgjfffPRUCE RUN was at first part of the con- 
gregation of New Germantown and the 
people attended service at that place and 
German Valley. The first Lutheran ser- 
vices held in the Spruce Run Lutheran 
Church of which we as yet have any 
knowledge were conducted by Rev. Wil- 
liam Graff. He became the regular pastor, July 16th, 1775. 
Either the same year or the previous fall he began to preach 
at Spruce Run as occasion offered. During the first twenty-five 
years of their history Rev. Graff held services at Frederick 
Fritts' on the premises now occupied by Andrew Van Sickel. 
The first church was a 

Union Church 
in which the Reformed also held their worship. It was built 
in 1 800. From this time until 1833 the church had the services 
of the Lutheran ministers of New Germantown every fourth 
Sabbath. Thus Revs. Graaf, Hazelius, Hendrick and Pohlman 
labored in this charge. The 

Rev. Robert Collyer 
was, however, the first pastor of Spruce Run, as an indepen- 
dent charge. He was ordained and installed the 2d of Sept., 
1834. He remained until April, i860, when he resigned on 
account of ill health. 

2 22 Early Germans of New Jersey 

In 1835 the congregation became self-supporting. During 
1835 Rev. Mr. Wack, who alternately held services in the 
church on behalf of the Reformed and Presbyterian congrega- 
tion, ceased to preach here, and it seems, that from that time 
their interest gradually lessened until it became entirely a 
Lutheran congregation. 

In the year 1835 a new church was built. This was erected 
to take the place of the old Union church. 

The "Swake Church." 

About the time of the great revival in 1840 
Rev. Lambert Swackhamer 
began preaching at various points near by. He was a member 
of the Francklean Synod, and finally went to Mt. Bethel, where 
he organized a congregation about 1840, and, during the next 
three or four years, gathered quite a large number of followers. 
In 1844 he succeeded in building the present stone edifice, 
erected by Fritz Swackhammer. After Rev. Swackhammer 
left it was sold by Moore Castner for debt and bought by the 
Albright Methodists. They were, however, unable either to 
build up a congregation or pay the debt, and it again became 
the property of Moore Castner. 

On June 10th, following, the congregation elected 

Rev. P. A. Strobel 
as pastor. At his installation Aug. 15th, i860, Rev. H. N. 
Pohlman preached the sermon and pronounced the usual ques- 

In May, 1864, Revs. P. A. Strobel and David Kline attended 
the General Synod at York, Pa., as visitors and the question of 
an exchange was talked over. 

This led to correspondence upon the subject and on October 
30th, 1864, he dissolved his relation to the charge as pastor 

Rev. D. Kline 
was given a call by Spruce Run, while Centre Brunswick 
elected Rev. P. A. Strobel as their pastor 

Rev. P. A. Strobel served various fields with acceptance and 

Spruce Run Lutheran Church 223 

died Nov. 26th, 1882, at Dansville, N. Y., and was buried at Red 
Hook, N. Y., a few days later. 

Rev. David Kline began his labors December, 1864, and he 
was installed on Feb. 8th, 1865. At his Christmas communion 
the same month about one hundred communed. In April and 
May, 1866, special meetings were held, and on May 20th, forty- 
six were received into full membership, the largest number 
ever received at one time. He admitted one hundred and 
twenty during his whole pastorate. 

On May 14, 1867, Rev. Kline reorganized 

Mount Bethel 

as a Lutheran Church, at which time George Banghart, William 
R. Prall, Conrad Davis, Benjamin Johnson and Peter C. Apgar 
were elected trustees. August 23, 1868 Moore Castner and wife, 
in consideration of the sum of $500, gave a warranty deed to 
the Evangelical Lutheran Church of New Jersey (the word 
Church being written by mistake for Synod, the Synod having 
raised $300 of the amount necessary). This includes both 
church and cemetery. 

On November 4, Rev. Mr. Kline preached a stirring sermon 
based upon the parable of the ten virgins, in which he especially 
dwelt upon the neglect of these wise virgins in sleeping. It 
was afterward recalled that he labored somewhat and returned 
home not feeling very well. The afternoon service was omitted 
and before the morning sun of November 5, 1877, rose in 
splendor he had gone to be at rest and meet his Savior with all 
the loved ones at home. By this startling Providence an active 
ministry of twenty-seven years in the Lutheran Churches at 
West Camp, Centre Brunswick and Spruce Run was suddenly 
ended. But he had been instrumental in winning souls to 
Christ, while his genial nature and hearty sympathy drew to 
himself many devoted and faithful friends. The attendance 
at his funeral was large and the services solemn and impressive. 

The following month (Dec. 2) Rev. C. Duy preached for the 
congregation, and without consultation made an appointment 

224 Early Germans of New Jersey 

Rev. C. H. Traver, 

then living in Chatham Village, N. Y. It was a surprise to the 
writer, but he was at liberty to visit them and did so, and 
preached for them on three consecutive Sabbaths (December 
9, 16 and 23). On January 6, 1878, he returned, and after ser- 
vice an election was held, at which time he was unanimously 
elected, the call dating from January 1, 1878. 

In May, 1886, the pastor received and accepted a call to the 
pastorate of St. Peter's (stone) Church, where he is now labor- 

The next and present pastor, 

Rev. V. F. Bolton, 
was elected and settled in September following. 

was set off from Spruce Run and organized November 16, 1869, 
with twenty-four members. The church was erected in 1871. 
Rev. A. K. Felton was installed April 8, 1875, the church 
having been previously served by Rev. David Kline, pastor at 
Spruce Run. Rev. G. W. Anderson succeeded Mr. Felton and 
remained until 1882. 

Rev. J. W. Lake took charge May 1, 1883. During his 
seven years of service eighty new members were added, the 
church's indebtedness paid, the edifice repaired and improved 
and a parsonage built. 

Rev. E. V. Hoelsche, followed next and remained until 
ill -health forced him to resign. 

The above is substantially the history of Spruce Run 
church written by Rev. Chester H. Traver. 










It may be necessary to remind the reader that the following genealogies have 
been gathered with very great labor and pains from various records and from 
various people. Very little help was obtained from family records, so that nearly 
all dates of birth or death had to be procured from church books, tombstones or 
wills. Some lines of descent have been carried down farther than others because of 
greater ease in procuring information with regard to them. The spelling of names 
has been made to conform to the records or to the various ways of spelling, preva- 
lent in the different branches of the same family. The omissions and errors, of 
which there are no doubt very many, are due largely to the faulty memories of 
those who have given the information 

The arrangement of the families will explain itself, if it is carefully examined. 
Some abbreviations very commonly used are, b. for born ; bap. for baptised ; bot. 
for bought ; com*, for confirmed ; m. for married ; s. for son ; dau. for daughter ; 
w. for wife ; ch. for child or children • res. for reside*, or resided ; rem. for re- 
moved ," prob. for probated when the reference is to a will. Note carefully the use 
of perh. for perhaps, to indicate that the statement following is a matter of mere 
conjecture, while prob. or probably, indicates that there are more reasons for, than 
against, the statement that follows. 




There were Abels in New England and in New York at an early date, and it 
may be that our families of this name are descendants of these. Hendrick Abels 
came from the Netherlands in ship Rosetree, March, 1663. In 1728, September 4th, 
Andrew Ablin and Matheis Koplin landed at Philadelphia. The spelling presents 
no difficulty as the peculiar formation of A in some German handwriting would 
explain the K in Koplin, and the termination in is quite common, especially as a. 
feminine form. 

In 1733, Aug. 28, Michael Ably and three others under 16, viz., Hans Peter, 
Bans Adam and Hans Michael Ebly, landed at Philadelphia from the ship Hope. 
ANDREAS bot. of Joseph Reckless, of Burlington Co., 1748, Feb. 7, 308 acres or 
one-half of the Davenport tract, near Fox Hill, the other half of which was 
sold on the same day to Morris Creature (Crater) ; the price was £103 and the 
said Abel was m actual possession. Andreas leaves a will, prob. 1751, June, in 
which he divides his property into three parts, one for his wife of 60 acres, and, 
the other two of 120 acres each for his two sons Michel and Paul ; in 1762, June 
6, Paul and Leany, his wife, sell their share, or 126 acres, to Michel for £304. 
In 1768, March 29, Michel Abel gives mortgage on 240 acres of this tract, 
" whereon said Michel Abel now lives," to Richard Stockton, •fee. Lib. A fol. 
91, Morristown. In 1784. June 1, Michel gives a mortgage to John Striker, of 
Somerset, upon the whole original tract of 308 acres for £1308 (N. Y. money).. 
These records show that this farm upon which the original Union German; 
Church of Fox Hill stood, belonged to Michel Abel, who must therefore have 
been the father of Jacob, who afterwards occupied this farm, and of his broth- 
ers and sisters. He had ch. : 

I. MARY b. 1760, d. 1829, April 10 ; m. "William Fritts (s. Frederick). 
II. ANNA ELISABETH, b. 1767, d. 1831, Aug. 16 ; m. George Fritts (s. 

Frederick) ; at Spruce Run. 
III. JOHN, m. 1. Sophia Trimmer (daughter Matthias 1st), 1777, Jan. 30 ; 2, 
widow Mary Cripps, 1811, April 7; had children: 

1. Anna Maria, b. 1778, April 13 ; d. young. 

2. Johannes, b. 1780, March 11. 

3. ANNA Mabia, b. 1784, March 11. 


228 Early Germans of New Jersey 

4. David, b. 1787, Jan. 10. 

5. Elisabeth, b. 1789. Jan. 17. 

6. Jacob, b. 1790, April 21. 

7. Teunis. 

8. A daughter who m. an Abbey. 

•IV. ANDREW, m. Christina Schuyler (dau. Philip ?), 1779, Jan. 20; had 

1. Philip, b. 1779, July 18. 

2. Dorothy, b. 1781, Aug. 9. 

3. Jacob, b. 1784, June 20. 

4. John, b. 1780, Oct. 19. 

5. Andreas, b. 1789, May 20. 

6. Matthias, b. 1792, Feb. 15. 

7. Eva, b. 1797, April 12. 

V. MATTHIAS, m. Catherine Pritts (daughter Fred.) 1781, April 10 ; had 

1. Elisabeth, b. 1782. March 15. 

2. Frederick, b. 1783, Aug. 18. 

3. William, b. 1785, July 27. 

4. Jacob, b. 1787, Aug. 29. 

5. Johannes, b. 1792, June 30. 

0. Peter, b. 1794, July 12. 

7. Sophia, b. 1790, July 29. 

8. Catherine, b. 179b, July 7. 

9. Anna, b. 1801, March 20. 

VI. JACOB, m. Charity Pickle (daughter Fred.) ; had children. 

1. Elisabeth, b. 1794, April 4 ; m. Daniel Potter (s. Daniel) . 

2. Philip, b. 1796, July 8. 

3. Sophia, b. 1797, Aug. 3 : m. Nicholas Hoffman (s. William). 

4. Catherine, b. 1800, April 24 ; m. Aaron Sutton (s. Aaron). 

5. Frederick Pickle, b. 1801, Dec. 11 : d. 1850, Jan. 1 ; unmarried. 
0. Andrew, b. ; d. 1S58, Nov. 26 ; unmarried. 

7. Providence, b. ; d. ; m. Minert 

Farley (s. Minert). 

8. George, b. 1811, Feb. 26 ; unmarried. 

9. Jacob and another died young. 

Mart Tedrick, of Roxbury, Morris County, left a will dated 10 Jan., 1771, 
prob. April 10, in which she names sons Matthias (eldest), Paul, Michel and Andres 
Abel, and Caty and Eve, daughters of Michel. She no doubt had married a Tedrick 
for her second husband. The most probable conjecture with regard to her husband's 
name is that it was M ATTH IAS, and that he was a brother of Andreas, or Andrew, 
of Fox Hill. Her children were perhaps the following : 

I. MATTHIAS, bot. 124 acres Upper German Valley of Wm. Allen. 
II. MICHEL, letters of administration of his estate granted to Elisabeth, 
1799, Jan. 5. Somerset Co., N. J. ; perhaps had son, 
(I). WILLIAM, Chester, will prob. 1823, Mar. 22 ; will names children, 


Margaret, m. a Bess. 

Abel — Adam 229 

Elisabeth, m. Alexander Dawsin. 



Michel's children William and Mary Mellick, w. (of) John 


IV. ANDREW, bot. 200 acres at Hackelbarney from Thomas Leonard, 1761,. 

Oct. 30 ; will prob. 1783 ; names wife, Hannah, and four children. 
Salomt Richards. 

Elisabeth, b. 1743 ; d. 1825, Nov. 15 ; m. John Sutton (s. Aaron !) 
Miscellaneous— William Abel died 1771. March, at 98 : and a Nicholas Abel 
is buried in Pluckamin Cemetery, who died 1738. 

Matthias, 1764. d. 1837 at 83 ; was a soldier in Rev. War and a noted auc- 
tonieer: res. Union twp.. Hunt. Co.; his will, prob. 1837, names w. Mary 
and ch.: William's widow, Margaret; John; Sarah Crook ; Charlotte 
Carkoff ; Elisabeth Cook, (deceased) ; gr'dson Matthias, s. William. 

Church Records ; Michel and Dina have James, b. 19 Feb., 1769. 

and Diua. b. 6 Sept.. 1771. Michel and Christina have Christina, b. 17 
May, 1771. William and Catherine have Catherine, b. July, 1772. 


STOFEL [CHRISTOPHER] ADAM signs call to Rev. Albert Weygand, 1749, (and 
on another list occurs Maria Elizabeth Adam) ; b. 1723, June 15, d. 1788, Aug. 
15. at 65 years and 2 months ; buried Stillwater and has German headstone ; 
m. Catherine Kiehn. b. 1720, d. 1799 at 78; his will, "Hardwick." 1788, Aug. 
15, prob. Oct. 14. iTrenton Lib. 31, fol. 146), names w. Catharine and 6 ch. ; 
five of these are found on records Lutheran Church, Stillwater : 
I. Christina, confirmed 1777. 
II. Henrich. b. 1763. conf. 1782 at 19. 

III. Anna Catherine, b. 1764, conf. 1782 at 18. 

IV. Hanna, b. 1765, conf. 1782 at 17. 

V. Anna Barbara, b. 1766, conf. 1782 at 16. 
VI. Jacob. 
JOHN, prob. of English origin, whose will, "Bedminster," 28 Dec. 1752, prob. 24 
Dec. 1754, names wife Elizabeth and five children ; 

I. Matthew Adam, whose will, "Tewksbury, Hunt. Co., Sept. 1767, 
prob. 16 March, 1768, names w. Leddy Chambers, dau. John, and 5 
ch. ; John, Elenor, James, Benjamin and Elijah. Mathias Adams 
paid tax on lands in Phila. Co., Pa., prior to 1734. 
IT. William. 

III. James. 

IV. Samuel Adams and wife, Catherine, buy, 26 June, 1766, of James 

Bell and w. Deborah, I'd in Hardwick, which they mortgage to John 
McDowell, 24 Oct. 1766. 
V. Margaret ("Macdole"), MacDowell wife or mother of Ephraim 
(" Mack dole") Mac Dowell. 
ALEXANDER, (?) b. abt. 1750, bur. Mt. Hermon, Warren Co., N. J., m. first, Ann 

230 Early Germans of New Jersey 

Belles, of Knowlton ; second, Sarah It is possible that the name 

of this man should be Samuel, the son of John of Bedminster ; had ch. : 

I. Amos, m. Hannah Kar (dau. James), had ch.: Euphemia, b. 18 

Oct. 1811, m. John Flummerfelt (s. George) ; John, d. yg. ; 

Mary A., m. Robert Steel, (H'kt'wn) ; Charles, d. yg. ; George, 

unm. ; Kar J.; Alexander, unm. ; Caleb; Azanah, m. first, Jerry 

Green, second, Jacob Dunfleld ; Clorinda, m. Snyder Belles ; Bila 

Ann, m. Joshua Smith. 

II. Andrew, m. Elisabeth Cummins; had ch. ; Alexander; Sarah 

A., m. Burrill Newman ; Ellen, m. Peter Flummerfelt (s. George). 

III. Alexander, m. Esther Leida ; had ch. : Daniel, b. 18 Sep., 

1807 ; m. Catherine Snyder ; Phebe, m. Fowler ; Esther and George. 

TV. Joseph. 

V. Zadok, m. Mahala Leida ; had ch. : Isaac, m. 2 wives and for 2d 

w. a Stiff ; John, unmar ried ; Sarah, m. Robert Brown. 
VI. Samuel, m. ; had ch. : Jacob, unm ; Elisabeth, m. 

Joseph Hedden ; Mary, unmarried. 
VII. Abraham. 
VIII. Amose, d. yg. 
IS. Abi, m. John Lawler. 
X. Ruth, m. Geo. Lundy. 
XI. Christeen, m. Phil. Angle. 
XII. Mary, m. a Mott. 
XIII. Tirzah, m. Chas. Green. 
XrV. Jemima, m. Phil. Snyder. 
XV. Zipporah, b. 1796, Nov. 8, d. 1875, Oct. 29 ; m. Wm. Leida, b. 19 

Oct., 1791, d. 27 Oct. 1858. 
XVI. Keziah, m. Ellick Decker. 
XVII. Anna, m. Zadok Decker. 
LAZARUS ADAMS, of Kingwood, Hunt. Co., m. Mary; his will, prob. 26 
March, 1784, mentions no family. 

In 1675 Fenwick came to South Jersey in ship Griffith and landed at a place 
which he called Salem. He had two servants, Samuel Hedge and John Adams, 
who afterwards married his two daughters. 

JOHN ADAMS, of Chester, Burlington Co., N. J. ; will dated 19 March, 1679 ; no 
date of probate ; names w. Elisabeth and ch. : Mary, Martha, Hannah, 
Deborah, Abigail, Marcy, Feby, Thomas, Rebeckah. 


PETER ALLER, prob. came to Phila. 15 Sept., 1752, in ship Two Brothers ; m. 
Elisabeth ; will "Am well" 17 May, 1773, prob. April, 1778, (Trenton Lib. 21, 
fol. 266) names 3 sons and 7 daughters. 

I. Peter, m. Ann a, had ch. ; John, b. 15 Nov. 1768 ; Jacob, b. 15 April, 
1771 ; George, b. 15 Aug. 1773 ; Annn b. 13 August 1777, m. Fred- 
Apgar (8. Peter). 
II. John. 

III. Philip. 

IV. Mart. 

V. Rebeckah. 

Aller — Alpock 231 

VI. Rachel. 
VII. Sarah. 
VIII. Catherine. 
IX. Elisabeth. 
X. Anna. 


Tradition says that three brothers, William. George and Peter Alpock, (Ohlbach, 
Albach, Alpaugh or Alpock), came from Holland in the year General Washington 
was born, or 1732. On Rupp's lists we find that in 1734, Sept. 23, there landed at 
Phila. from the ship Hope. Daniel Reid, Master, Zacharias Ahlbach, John Wilhelm 
Ahlbach and under 16, Johann Wilhelm, Joh. Gerhard and Johann Peter Ahlbach. 
These all belonged to a generation before the one to which we have been able to 
trace the families of that name now in this section. 

In 1735 Zacharias and William Alback were occupying parts of the " Society 
Land" in Hunterdon Co. The three brothers referred to in the tradition, stated 
above, were probably of the second generation. Repeated inquiries have failed to 
discover the relationship between the families of German Valley and those at 
Cokesbury and High Bridge. 

Alpocks of German Vallet. 
MORRIS ALPOCK (Ahlbach or Albach), occupied or owned land near Augus- 
tine Reid's on the road from Bartley to Stephen's mill ; m. prob. Anna Eick 
idau. Phil.) ; will dated or probated. 1769, Jan. 9, witnesses, Coonrad Rarich, 
Tetrich Struble, Augustine Reid ; executors, " my wife" and Phil. Dxe ; will 
names 3 eh.: John William, Philip and Elisabeth. 
I. JOHN WILLIAM, s. of Morris ; b. 1736 or 7 ; d. 1811, June 13. at 74 ; m. 
Elisabeth Sharp, dau. of Morris ; b. 1741 ; d. 1817, Dec. 19. Bought in 
1773 a farm of '-25 acres. (Theo. Coleman farm) ; had ch. : 
(I). MORRIS, b. 1761, May 17 ; d. 1835: m. Catherine Rarick ; b. 1761, 
May 16 : d. 1826 : res. Naughright : had ch. : 

1. Peter, b. 1787, Jan. 1. 

2. William, b. 1791, June 9. 

3. John, b. 1794, Oct. 14. 

4. Elisabeth, b. 1797, Jan. 1 : m. George Sharp, s. of George. 

5. David. b. 1802, Dec. 2 :m. Rachel Clouse, dau. of Jacob; hadch: 

(1). Morris, b. 1S27. May 23 ; m. Emma Weyer. 

(2). Mart A. Welsh, b. 1830, July 28; m. Jacob Swartz, 

3. of David. 
(3). George, b. 1832, July 7 ; m. Angeline Thorp, dau. of 
(II). MATTHIAS, b. 1763 ; d. 1844, July 1 ; m. Elisabeth Rhinehart, dau. 
John .Adam ; b. 1780, Jan. 14; d. 1834. Aug. 12; (near Succasunna). 

1. William, b. 1797, Sept. 7 ; m. Huldah Howell. 

2. Davtd, b. 1799 ; d. 1837 ; unmarried. 

3. George, m. Elisabeth Jane Heldebrant, daughter of Chris- 


4. Matthias, b. 1811; d. 1833; m. 1834 (?), Dec. 24, Charity 

Apgar (J). 

5. Adam R., b. 1812, Dec. 24 ; m. Harriet Gardiner, b. 1312, 

April 3. 

232 Early Germans of New Jersey 

(1). Sarah E. ; m. Martin R. Heldebrant, s. of Christopher. 

(2). Mary Ann ; m. Will Hazen. 

(3). Eliza J.; m. Noah M. Lefever. 

(4). "William ; m. Zeubie N. Pool, daughter of "William. 

6. Maurice S. ; m. Mary D. King. 

7. Charity ; m. John Hart. 

8. Elisabeth ; m. "Win. Logan. 

(III). ELISABETH, b. 1766, Feb. 28 ; d. 1836 ; m. John Rarick, on Rarick 

(TV). JOHN, b. 1768 (?) ; d. 1821, March 30 (?) ; m. Mary Rarick, widow of 

Anton Waldorf ; had child Mart, who m. Gilbert Budd, s. of Jos. 
(V). MARY, b. 1770 (?) ; m. Martin Rhinehart, s. of Adam. (Between 

Hacklebarney and Fairmount) . 
(VI). "WILLIAM, b. 1774 ; d. 1851, Sept. 12 ; m. Patience Larason ; b. 

1781 ; d. 1824, Oct. 23: (res. " Burnt Tavern") ; hadch.: 

1. Elisabeth, b. 1801, unmarried. 

2. Sallte, b. about 1805 ; m. Robert Henry ; d. at Newark. 

3. Mary A., b. about 1808 ; m. Robert Dickereon. 

4. John, b. about 1813 ; d. 1824, at 12 years. 

(VII). PETER, b. 1778 ; m. Anna Barbara Aury, went to Canada abt. 1810. 

1. Elisabeth, b. 1806. 

2. Mary, b. 1808. 

3. Catherine. 

4. John. 

II. PHILIP, pern. m. Elsa Catherine Cramer (dau. Matthias), but she was 

born 1779. 

Alpocks of Cokesbury. 

JOHN ALPOCK, b. 1739 ; d. 1821, April 1, at 82 ; m. (1) Elisabeth ; (2) ; 

had three children, John William, Mary and Sophia by his first wife, and 
three, George, Eva and Peter by his second. 

(D. JOHN WILHELM, b. 1768, Dec. 26 ; m. Cath. Apgar, dau. of 
Herbert : had ch. : 

1. William, m. Charity Apgar ; had one child Conrad who m. 

Mary Sutton, dau. of Peter. 

2. John, b. 1797, June 11 ; m. Katie Eick ; had 3 ch. : George, d. 

young; Amos and Mary (at High Bridge). 

3. Peter, m. Mary Eick, dau. Geo. ; had 8 ch. : John, m. Sarah 

Apgar ; Effie, m. Wesley Henry; Morris E., m. Hannah 
Wean ; Lydia Ann, m. Wm. Foregus ; George, m. Elisabeth 

Lance ; Philip, m. Read ; Mary Cath., m. John Read ; 

Stephen R. E., m. Cath. Lance, dau. Wm. M. 

4. Elisabeth, b. 1802, June 2 ; m. John H. Creger. 

5. George, m. Sophia Eick, dau. of Geo. (Potterstown) ; had 

3 ch.: y William, m. Alpock, dau. of George ; Harrison, 

unm. ; a daughter, m. Hoffman. 

6. Nicholas, m. Sally A. Sutton, dau. of Peter; had ch.: 

Charity, m. David T. Apgar, s. of Isaac A. ; Elisabeth,m. 
Garret Stryker, s. of John B. ; Mary, m. John Apgar, 
(Clinton); Fanny, m. Jonathan Van Fleet; Isaac, died; 

Alpock 233 

Amanda, died ; John, unm. 
7. Effte, m. TunLson Johnson. 
(II). MARY, unmarried. 

(III). SOPHIA, b. 1771, May 30 ; m. Wm. Alpock, s. of Wm. 
(IV). GEORGE, b. 1777, Jan. 28 ; m. Mary Sutton, dau. of Aaron ; had ch. : 

1. Aaron, m. (1) Sarah Apgar; (2) Catherine Thompson. 

2. Elisabeth, m. Jacob Eick, s. of George. 

3. Mart, m. Cornelius Wyckoff. 

4. Isaac, m. Mary Jane Lindabery. 

5. William G. Jr., m. (1) Mary Apgar, dau. of Jacob ; (8) Anna 

Alpock, dau. of Wm. 

6. George, m. Teats. 

(V). EVA, b. 1779, Feb. 21. 

(VI). PETER, b. 1781, Feb. 12 ; m. Annie Apgar, dau. of Peter ; had ch. : 

1. John, died young. 

2. Peter, m. Mary Teats, dau. of John. 

3. Wm. Peter, m. Martha Apgar, dau. of Nicholas. 
. 4. Mart, m. David F. Apgar, s. of Wm. 

5. George, m. Elisabeth Apgar, dau. of Herbert 2d. 

Alpocks op High Bridge. 

I. JOHN WM. ALPOCK, b. 1732 ; d. 1817, April 13 ; m. (1) Anna Eick ; (2) Else 
Mary Henry ; occupied or bought 184 acres land in High Bridge Twp., lot No. 
1 on Allen and Turner map 1802 ; had three children by his first wife, and two 
by his second : 

(I). JOHN, b. 1762, Aug. 4 ; m. Annie Apgar, dau. of Herbert ; had one 
child ; (res. Cokesbury and Round Valley) ; had ch. : 

1. William, b. 1795, May 2 ; d. 1886, Oct. 13 ; m. Mary Conover, 
dau. of Rulof ; had ch. 
(1). Ann, b. 1818. Jan.; m. Wm. G. Alpock, s. of George. 
(2). Sarah, b. 1820, Oct. 22 ; m. Peter E. Wyckoff, s. of Peter. 
(3). John, b. 1823, Oct. 12 ; m. Jane H. Lee, dau. of John. 
(4). Elisabeth, b. 1826, Feb.; m. Martin Wyckoff, s. of 
John M. 
(II). J. WILLIAM, b. 1769. May 18 ; will dated or prob. 1850. Nov. 28 : m. 
Sophia Alpock, daughter of John ; (Spruce Run Cross Roads, 
near High Bridge) ; had ch. ; 

1. Elisabeth, b. 1791 ; died young. 

2. Mart, unmarried. 

3. Ann, m. Jacob Tunison. 

4. John, m. Margaret Felmley, dau. of David ; had ch. : Sophia, 

m. Geo. A. Apgar; Elisabeth; Nathan, unm. ; David; Levi. 

5. William, b. 1797 ; m. Mary Wean ; had two ch. : Levi and 


6. Effie, m. Peter Cregar. dau. of Andrew. 
(III). MARY, m. Peter Apgar, s. of Herbert. 

(IV). GEORGE ALPOCK, b. 1778, Jan. 2; m. 1798, Jan. 20, Mary Mc- 
Daniel ; b. 1776 ; d. 1862, April ; had eh.: 

1. William G., b. 1799, May 11 ; d. 1871, April 26 ; m. Sarah 
Shannon, nee Clover, dau. Sam'l ; d. 1890, Aug. 17, at 90 

234 Early Germans of New Jersey 

years, 8 months, 5 days ; had ch. : 
(1). Mart Ann, m. Harrison Apgar, s. of Peter. 
(2). Nancy, m. Jaco') Tiger, s. of Christopher. 
(3). Geo. Nelson, m. Susan Crammar, dau. of Geo. G. 
(4). Sylvester, m. (ll Clarissa Apgar ; (2) Abbey Case. 
(5). Elisabeth, m. John H. Crammer, s. of Geo. G. 
(6). Emily, m. Luther Hoffman, s. of Wm. H. 

2. John, b. 1801, Nov. 3 ; m. Elisabeth Evans. 

3. James, b. 1803, March 20 ; m. Eliza V. 

4. George, b. 1S05, April 7 ; m. Annie Youngs; (Whitehouse) . 

5. Peter, b. 1807, Mar. 1 ; m. Mary Youngs; (2 miles south 

Clinton) ; had ch. : 
(1). Emanuel, (West). 
(2). Wesley, m. Elisabeth Emery. 

(3) . George, m. Youngs. 

(4). William, m. (1) ; (Ji . 

(5). Edward, m. (1) ; (2) ; (3| . 

(6). Lydia Ann, m. George Streeter. 
(7). Rachel, m. Hezekiah Kipbardt. 
(8). Emma, (West). 
(9). Elisabeth, m. John Stout, Newark. 
(10). Kate, m. Mansfield Hummer. 

6. Sarah Ann, b. 1813, April 6 ; m. Peter Lowe, (brother to 

John i. 

7. Elisabeth, b. 1815, Oct. 29 ; m. Joshua Henderson. 

8. Mary, b. 1817, Sept. 5 ; m. Elijah Stout ; d. 1891, Sept., in 

83d yr. 

9. Rachel, b. 1819, Nov. 12 ; m. Dan'l V. Woolverton, (Easton). 
(V). ELISABETH, b. 1787, April 2 ; died young. 

II. GEORGE ALPOCK, bro. to John Wm. (High Bridge) ; m. Anna Maria ; 
"settled on road from Bray's Hill to Cokesbury"; had at least one child, 
Eva, b. 1770, Feb. 3. 
III. PETEP>., bro. to John Wm. ; m. Anna ; settled in Alexandria twp. , Hunterdon 
Co. ; had children : 

(I). WILLIAM, b. 1762 ; d. 1820, Mar. 9, at 64 : m. Hannah; b. 1765, Dec. ; 
d. 184S. April 3, at 77 ; had ch. : 

1. Mary, b. 1797, Nov. 20. 

2. Carter, b. 1800, Feb. 7. 
(II). ANN MARIA, b. 1766, April IS. 

ail). HANS THEIS, (John Matthias), b. 1770, Dec. 8 ; d. 1830, May 5 ; 
m. Elisabeth, (or Eliza) ; b. 1775, Dec. 3 ; d. 1830, May 11 ; had ch. : 

1. William, b. 1797, Jan. 14. 

2. John, b. 1800, May 16. 
(IV). JACOB, b. 1772, Sept. 28. 

(V). GERTRATJD, b. 1775, May 14. 
(VI). JOHN, m. Sarah, had one child, 
Elisabeth, b. 1796, May 29. 


DIRCK JANS [i. e. Richard, son of John], at Flatlands, L. I., 1650 : deacon in 


Amerman — Anthony 235 

that ch. 1693 ; prob. had ch. or grdch. : 

I. NICHOLAS, Sourland, Som. Co., N. J. ; will, 1777, April 12, prob. Oct. 
25 ; names w. Neeltje and ch. : Daniel ; Neeltye bap. April 6, 17S5, at 
Readington, N. J. ; Aaltje ; John ; Sarah, wife of John "Wyckoff. 
II. JACOBUS, Som. Co., N. J.; will, 7 June, 1776, prob. 1 Feb. 1777; 
names w. Mariah and ch.: Hendrick; Albert, prob. m. Francis bet". 
1735 ; Poviel [Paul ?] ; Isaac prob. m. Jannetje and had Jannetje, bap. 
3 May, 1747; Peter; Mary; Francinche; Anne; perh. also Dirck m. 
Leena and had Albert, bap. 8 July, 1733. 
in and IV perh. DIRCK and ALBERT (see ch. of Jacobus). 

Albert, buried Chester Cem. ; b. 6 March, 17S4 ; d. 18 March, 1855 ; 
was prob. grandson of one of the above. 


PAUL ANTHONY came from Germany in the brigantine Perthamboy from 
Rotterdam, last from Dover, 1736, Oct. 19. His name is on Foxenberg sub- 
scription list before 1749 ; probably came from Strasburg ; had only one son 
so far as is known, viz. : 
I. PHILIP, m. Elisabeth Dewitt, who d. 1813 ; will probated (Newton, N. J.) 
1813, April 9 ; lived near Newton until after Revolution, when he re- 
moved to Penwell, but the eldest son remained in Sussex Co. and is the 
ancestor of the Anthonys in that region. The homestead was on the 
site of the farm of eithar John Anthony or Jacob Miller or both, in 
Independence township, Warren County. 
(I). ELISABETH, b. 1751, May 9 ; d. 1825, May 28 ; m. Jacob Lininger ; 

b. 1753, July 25 ; d. 1833, Aug. 15 ; lived near White Hall. 
(II). PHILIP, JR., b. 1756, July 21; d. 1850, May 8; m. 1779, Apr. 5, 
Mary Moore b. 1756. May 22 ; d. 1851, Sept. 22 ; had oh : 

1. Paul b. 1780, Apr. 3 ; d. 1875 at 94 ; m. 1803, Feb. 23, Cathe- 

rine Perry, dau. Adam ; b. 1785, July 7 ; d. 1S39 ; had ch. : 

(1). John, b. 1804. Jan. 10. m. Anna Mc Crey ; (2). Philip, b. 
1805, Feb. 17, m. Catherine Tiger; (3). David, b. 1806, 
Nov. 23, m. Catherine Sharp ; had son, John Wesley, 
who had a s. Wm; (4). Jacob, b. 1808, May 5. m. Susan 
Johnson; id). Maria, b. 1810, Oct. 14. m. Harmon Diltz ; 
(6). Rosina, b. 1812, Mar. 19; (7). Jesse, b. 1819, June 2. 
m. Rachel Park ; (8). George, b. 1822, Feb. 19, d. yg ; 
(9). Zipha, b. 1823, d. yg ; (10). Joseph H., b. 1826, m. 
Mary Beatty. 

2. Elisabeth, m. Jacob Castner, s. Daniel. 

3. A. Rosina, b. 1785, June 6 ; m. John Anderson. 

4. Mabt, b. 1788, May 20 ; m. Wm. Lance, 3. Peter. 

5. Susanna, b. 1790, May 17 ; d. yg. 

6. Jacob, b. 1794, May 20 ; m. Mary Beatty, dau. Jas. ; had eh. : 

Nathan, of German Valley, m. Ann Swackhamer, dau. Jacob, 
and has James, m. Fanny Hoffman, dau. Noah ; Mary L. m. 
John J. Swayze, s. Joseph. 

7. Eva b. 1801, Mar. 18 ; m. Jacob Beatty, s. Jas. 

(ill). PAUL, m. 1783, Dec. 18, Cornelia Van Buskirk, moved to Shamokin 
section. Pa. ; had ch. : 

236 Early Germans of New Jersey 

1. Philip b. 1784, Aug. 24 ; 2. Esther b. 1786, Jan. 26 ; 3. A 
Maria b. 178S, Jan. 6 ; 4. Thomas b. 1790, Feb. 18. 
(TV). MART, (?) b. 1758, (?) : confirmed at 16 in 1774. 
(V). EVA, m. Andrew Miller. 

(VI). DANIEL, b. 1764 ; d. 1832 ; m. 1793, Mar. 28, Elisabeth Earns, dau. 
Christopher, b. 1766, Feb. 14 : d. 1847 ; had ch. : 

1. Catherine, b. 1794, Apr. 13 ; m. Fritz Schwackhammer. s. John. 

2. John', b. 1797, Jan. 7 ; m. Rebecca Lee : had ch. : 

(1). Daniel, m. Elisabeth Hoffman, dau. Henry H.; hadch.: 

John, Henry, Jacob, Catherine. 
(2). Catherine,. d. yg. 

3. Fred. b. 1801, Aug. 7; m. Mehetable VanNatta, dau. Stephen; 

d. 1840 ; had ch. : 

(1). Elisabeth, m. Henry P. Stryker, s. Martin. 

(2). Jacob, m. Henrietta Johnson (111.) and had Mary and 

(3). David, d. at 3 yrs. 
(4). Mart, m. Sylvester Lake. 
(5). George, m. Lettie Mulner, (Lamington) ; had ch.: 

Ehna, Mary Virginia, Fred., Bella. Charles, Bertha, 
Luther, Julia and Henry P., who was raised by Jacob 
Earn and inherited his farm. 
(VII). ROSINA.(£eenei/),b. 1769, June 9; d. 1843. Nov. 9: m. Andrew Moore; 
b. 1764, May 15 ; d. 1846, June 1, (near Glen Gardner). 
The name of the eldest son. who remained near Newton, is unknown, and no 
trace of his descendants can be found. 


The Apgar (originally Ebgert, then Ebcher) family came from the borders of 
Lombardy. in Italy, to Phila., perhaps in 1749, Sep. 13. at which time Johan 
Adam Ebert's name was signed by the clerk to the oath of allegiance. The first 
one of the name was JOHAN ADAM, who is said to have been one of the two 
brothers, who came to this country, the other one going to Monmouth Co. This 
John Adam had ten sons and one daughter, viz. : Herbert, settled east of Cokes- 
burg, N. J.; Henry, settled in Alexandria twp., Hunt. Co., N. J.: Jacob, settled 
west of Cokesburg, N. J.; Peter, of Lebanon, K. J.; John Peter, of Lebanon 
twp., Hunt. Co., N. J.; William, of the neighborhood of Clinton; Adam, of 
Cokesburg ; FREDERick, of Alexandria twp., Hunt. Co., N. J. ; Conrad, of Moun- 
tainsvUle, Hunt. Co., N. J. ; George, who went west ; Catherine, the only dau., 
who married, first, John Emery, and second, John Sharp. 

I. HERBERT, of East Cokesburg ; will dated 1800, June 6, prob. Aug. 6 ; m., 
first, ; second, Anna Eick ; mentioned in will, "wife Anna 

and eleven children : " 

(I). ANNE, b. 1756 ; m. John W. Alpock, s. of Wm. 
(II). PETER, Sr., b. 1759 ; d. 1846 ; m., first, Mary A. Alpock, dau. Wm. ! 
b. 1 759 ; d. 1820 at 61 ; second. Christian Anderson, dau. of Richard r 
d. 1831, Oct. 2, at 54 ; had ch. : 

1. ("Gov.") William, b. 1780, Nov. 9 ; m. Elisabeth Apgar. 

2. Anna, m. Peter Alpock. 

3. Elisabeth, m. James Everitt. 

Apgar 237 

4. Herbert, m. Elisabeth Anderson ; had ch. : Catherine, b. 

1808, Jan. 15 ; m. Leon N. Flumervelt ; Peter, b. 1810, May 27 ; 
m- Rachel Apgar, dau. of Peter : Margaret, b. 1812, June 23 ; 
m. Richard Farley, s. of Rich. ; George, b. 1815, Jan. 12 : m. 
Mary Waters, dau. of John ; Emily, b. 1817, Apr. 3 ; m. Fred. 
Trimmer, s. of Christopher ; Naomi, b. 1817, Apr. 3 ; m. Andrew 
Wack ; Sa_muel, b. 1819, Aug. 20 ; m. Mary A. Plum ; Chris- 
tians, b. 1821, Sept. 30 ; m. Fred. ; Elisabeth, b. 1824, 
Mar. 28 ; unni.; Matilda, b. 1826, Sept. 11 ; m. Peter Crater, s. 
of Philip : Leonard, b. 1831. Oct. 9 ; m. Mary Ellen Linaberry, 
dau. of Wm. 

5. Mary, m. John Everitt, bro. to James. 

6. Sarah, m. Will Beavers, s. of George. 

7. Margaret, m. Phil. Crater, s. of Phil. 

8. Peter, b. 1795, Dec. 19 ; m. Elizabeth Crater, dau. of George. 

9. John, b. 1798, Apr. 15 ; m. Charity Cramer, dau. of George. 

10. George, m. Catherine Wean. 

11. Catherine, b. 1799, June 1, \>). 

12. Rachel, b. 1801, June 10 ; m. PhiL Alpock. 

<III). MARGARET, b. 1761, May 15 ; d. 1841, at 80 ; m. Jacob Eick ; b. 1744, 

June 15 ; d. 1819, Dec. 30. 
<IV). GEORGE, b. 1763 ; d. 1846, July 29 ; m., first, Peggy Apgar, dau. of 
Adam ; b. 1766 ; d. 1818 ; second, Ruhamah Everitt ; b. 1795 ; d. 
1873, at 78 ; had one ch. : Mary, m. Lewis Emery. 
(V). JOHN, b. 1764, Oct. 25 ; m. Catherine Apgar, dau. of John Peter, 
b. 1766, Nov. 1 ; lived at Whitehall ; had ch. : Peter, b. 1786, 
Sept. 3, d. yg. ; Catherine, b. 1788, Sept 0. d. yg. ; Elisabeth, 
b. 1790, Sept. 12, unm., d. at 78 ; George, b. 1793, Jan. 7, unm., 
d. at 72 ; Anne, b. 1795, Nov. 20 ; unm. ; d. at 71 : William, b. 
1798, Apr. 5, d. yg. ; John, b. 1800, Mar. '.) ; Jacob, b. 1S02, Apr. 
23 ; Peter, b. 1604. May 27 ; Mary. b. 1806. June 26 ; these five 
last all d. yg. ; Jesse Apgar, near Whitehall, is a gr'ndson of John. 
(VT). WILLIAM, m. Ann Bunn. 

(VII). CATHERINE, b. 1769, Apr. 24; m. John ("Honey") Alpock, s. of 


iVIID. HERBERT, b. 1769 (or70); willprob. 1854. Oct.7; m. Mary Crammer ; 

had ch. : Ann ; Ruth, m. Wm. Felmly : George, unm.; John M., 

m. Hannah Farley, dau. of Minert ; Elijah, m. Mary Apgar, dau. 

of Jacob ; Paul, m. Mary Crammer, dau. of John ; Elisabeth, 

m. Geo. Alpoch, s. of Peter ; Ellen, m. David L. Everitt, s. of 

John ; Catherine, m. James J. Smith. 

(IX). PAUL, b. 1772 ; m. first, Eick, dau. Peter ; second, Hannah 

Apgar, dau. Conrad ; third, Nancy Todd. dau. of James ; had one 

ch., Mary, who m. first, Eick ; second, Conrad Apgar. s. of Joshua. 

(X). EVA, b. 1770, May 20 ; m. John Teats, s. of Adam ; b. 1779, Feb. 11. 

XI). MARY, b. 1183, Nov. ; d. 1862. Dec, at 79 yrs., 1 mo., 15 dys. ; m. 

Peter Teats, s. of Adam ; b. 1776, May 16. (Order as named in will). 

II. HEINRICH (or Henry) Apgar, b. 1745 ; d. 1832, Oct. 19, at S6 ; m. first, 

Anna Maria Nixon ; second, a Groendyke ; went to Phila. to keep hotel, then 

returned to Palmyra, Hunt. Co., and bot. 100 acres, 1791, March 30 ; had ch. : 

23 8 Early Germans of New Jersey 

(I). A Eva. b. 1770, Aug. 27: (II). David, b. 1772, Aug. 23; (IID- 
Henry; (IV). William, b. 1786; d. 1856. at about 70; m. Elisa- 
beth Bloom, dau. of Jacob; had ch.: Frank, m. Annie Bray, 
dau. of John; Fred., b. 1S21, Nov. 18, m. Euphemia Pittenger, 
dau. of Abram; George; Isaac, m. Rachel Lowe, dau. "Capt;" 
Henry, m. Elisabeth Young, dau. Peter; Samuel, m. Martie 
Lawrence; (V). Frank, d. yg.; (VI). Mary, m. Isaac Bloom, s. 
of Jacob; (VII). Annie, m. Sam. Schuyler; (VIII). Nancy, m. 
Solomon Hoppock. 
III. JACOB, b. 1746, July 18, d. 1814, May 6, at 67 yrs., 9 mo., 18 dys., m. Hannah 
Charity Pickle, dau. of Conrad ; had ch. : 

(I) ANNA, b. 1770, Feb. 1, m. Herman Henry. 
(II). FEED., b. 1772, June 11, d. 1840, Jan. 20, m. Eva Hoffman, dau. of 
Harmon, b. 1775, Dec. 25, d. 1858, Feb. 23 ; had ch. : 
1. Anna, b. 1794, m. Geo. Hoffman, s. of Wm.; 2. Jacob, 
("Guinea Jake") b. 1794, m. Cath. Apgar, dau. of William r 
3. Conrad P.. ("Swamp Coon") b. 1800, m. Mary Apgar, dau. 
of William; 4. Nicholas, b. 180S, March 10, m. Delilah Apgar v 
dau. of William; 5. Frederick, b. 1806, May 1, m. Mrs. Kate 
Trimmer Apgar. widow of William ; 6. Charity, b. 1809, d. 1831: 
7. Sallie. m. Aaron Alpaugh, s. of George; 8. Mary, b. 1818, 
m. Elijah Apgar, s. of Herbert. 
(III). CATHERINE, b. 1774, Feb. 6, m. Geo. Kreamer. 
(IV). CONRAD, (" Long Coon") b. 1776, Apr. 8, d. 1836, Mar. 1, m. Elisa- 
beth Cramer, dau. of John or Geo., b. 1776, Apr. 23, d. 1848, Jan. 
16; hadch.: 

1. Elisabeth, m. first, Peter Rowe, s. of Jacob, second, Peter P. 
Apgar, s. of Peter A.; 2. William C, m. Catherine 
Felmley, dau. of David ; 3. Jacob, b. 1802, d. 1830, m. Mary 
Farley, dau. of Isaac, b. 180i, d. 1887 ; had ch. : Ann Elisa- 
beth, m. John W. Melick, of New Germantown, and had 7 
ch.; Catherine C, b. 1824, d. 186S, m. Peter W. Melick and 
had 10 ch.; Maria C, b. in 1827, d. 1850, m. Stephen B. 
Ramsom, of Jersey City, and had 3 ch. : Lydia, res. Streator, 
DJ., b. 1 Nov., 1830. m. first, Henry T. Hageman, of Bed- 
minster, by whom one son, m. second, Edward Kline, by 
whom 6 ch.; 4. Frederick, m. Catherine Todd, dau. of 
James ; 5. Charity, m. Wm. Alpock, s. of John ; «. Conrad 
P. C, m. Elisabeth Hoffman, dau. of Geo.; 7. Mariah, 
m. Alien Crague, s. of Watson; Harmon, m. first, Erne 
Eick, dau. of Geo., second, unknown. 
(V). NICHOLAS, b. 177H, Oct. 9, m. Mary Bunn, dau. of Peter : had ch.: 
Jacob, m. Margaret Trimmer ; Peter N., m. Isabel Hoffman, dau. 
of Fred. ; Abraham, m. Mary A. Apgar, dau. of John ; Elisabeth, 
m. Peter J. Philhower, s. of John ; Charity, m. Andrew Stout ; 
Catherine, m. Morris Teats ; Anna, m. Oliver Farley; Martha, 
m. Will. Alpaugh. 
(VI). SOPHIA, b. 1780, Nov. 14, m. Chas. McKagin. 

(VII). MATTHIAS S., m. first, Cath. Skureman (no children) ; second, Elsie 
Hoffman, dau. of Fred., and wid. of Will. Reed ; had ch. : Amanda, 

Apgar 239 

m. Joseph Lommerson ; Mary, m. Simon Apgar, s. of Conrad ; 
John L., m. Eliza Fotter, dau. of Daniel ; Huldah, m. Aaron 
Farley, s. of Minert. 
(VIII). SALLIE, b. 1785, June 16, m. McClosky Skureman. 
(IX). EFFIE ELISABETH, b. 1787, Dec. 26, m. John S. Melick, s. of David. 
(X). JOHN CASPER, b. 1790, Apr. 6, m. first, Elisabeth Best, dau. of 
Andrew, second, Nancy Carlisle, dau. of John ; had ch. : Jacob B., 
m. Elisabeth Schuyler, dau. of Andrew ; Ann, m. Daniel Seals ; 
Elisabeth, m. John P. Sutton, s. of Peter ; Polly, unm. ; John R., 
m. Susan Schuyler, dau. of Andrew; Casper P.. m. Rachel Phil- 
hower, dau. of Phil. 2d ; Andrew, m. Eliza Brown ; hnmanucl, m. 
Hannah Hellebrant, dau. of Matthias. 
(XI). JACOB, b. 1794, Apr. 6, m. Hannah Apgar, dau. of Conrad ; had 10 
or 12 children : Matthias ; Ann ; James, m. dau. of Peter Lance ; 
John, m. Ann Hoffman, dau. of Fred.; Peter; Ann, m. Will. 
Apgar, s. of Herbert ; Mary, m. Nich. Apgar, s. of Jacob, and 
(XII). ADAM. m. first, Mary Philhower. dau. of Christopher, second, Betsy 
Parks ; had ch. : Xathan, m. Catherine Apgar, dau. of Fred ; 
Charity ; Matthias, b. 7 April, 1823, m. Amanda Linaberry, dau. 
Herbert, and had James M., Conductor for about 15 years on High 
Bridge Branch C. R. R., and Mary Louisa, who m. Will Walters ; 
Benjamin; Fred.; Adam, m. Elisabeth Lance; Nicholas; Cath- 
erine, m. Orts ; Emma. 
IV. PETER, of Lebanon, m. first, Cath. Clover, second, unknown; had ch.: 
(1). JOHN, b. 176S, Apr. 27, m. Elisabeth Emery. 
(II). JACOB, b. 1770, Sept. 4. 

(III). FREDERICK, b. 1772, Aug. 30, d. 1856, Apr. 10. m. .Ann i e Aller. dau. 
of Peter, b. 1777. Aug. 5. d. 1844, June 3 ; had ch. ; 
Peter A., b. 1798, Mar. 4, m. first. Harnett Abbott, second, 
unknown ; 2. Henry A., b. 1801, June 8, m. Mary Roland ; 3. 
William A., b. 180-1. Sept. 8, m. Ellen Hoffman, s. of w m . ; 

4. Fred. A., b. 1806. Aug. 5, m. Eiek, dau. of Tunis ; 

5. George A., b. 1808, Jan. 10, m. Martha Tiger, d. of Jacob ; 
Jacob ; 6. Anna, b, 1809, Dec. 17, unm. ; 7. Sarah, b. 1812, Jan. 
12, unm.; 8. Isaac A., b. 1813, Mar. 26, m. Anna Rodenbaugh. 
dau. of Andrew; 9. Winegarner, b. 1816, April 6, d. 1858, Aug. 
16, m. Merilda Eich, dau. of Tunis. 

[XV). SARAH, b. 1774, Dec. 30. 
(VI. HENRY, m. first, Mary ; second, Dina Hoffman. 

(VI). WILI 'AM, b. 1776, Feb. 6, prob. d. yg. 
(VII). MARY, m. Smith. 

(VIII). ELISABETH, m. Winegarner. 

(IX. CATHERINA, b. 1781, June 12. 
(X). PETER, (Ithaca). 
(XI). ISAAC, (Ithaca). 

(XIII). WILLIAM C, b. 1779, Nov. 5, m. Catherine Mc Kinney, b. 1771, 
Oct. 16; had ch.: 
1. Abr. McKlNNEY. b. 1801, July 19, d. 1870, July 2, m. Margaret 

240 Early Germans of New Jersey 

Castner, dau. of Daniel, b. 1796, Mar. 14, d. 1S6S, Kay 20 ; had 
ch. : Samuel, Eliza and Mary. 

2. Peter Clover, b. 1802, Nov. 10, m. Annie Creveling, dau. of 
Wm.; had ch.: Cornelius Stewart, b. 18:30, m. Sarah Terry- 
berry, dau. of Jacob ; Eliza, b. 1832, m. D. M. Welsh, s. of 
David ; John C, b. 1834, Sept. 9, m. Susan A. Slater, dau. of 
Henry; Susan A., b. 1830, m. Wm. Miller, s. of Andrew; 
Catherine, b. 183S, m. E. J. Rood ; George, b. 1840, m. 
Prall, dau. of John ; Theodore, b. 1842, d. yg.; William, b. 1844, 
d. yg. ; Amanda M., b. 1840, m. Samuel Pritts, s. of Elias ; Mary 
Jane, b. 1848, unm. ; Samuel, b. 1851, unm. 

S. Mart, b. 1805, Dec. 19, m. Joseph Francis, (Indiana). 

4. John, b. 180G, Nov. 7, m. Force, (no children). 

5. Catherine, b. 1808, Nov. 7, m. Woodruff Lane. 

6. Nicholas Stilwell, b. 1811, Jan. 22, m. Mary Rodenbaugh ; had 

ch. : Eli and dau's. 

7. Isaac Gray Farley, b. 1S13, Apr. 1. 

8. Elisabeth, b. 1813, Apr. 1, m. Lewis Maraenis. 

V. JOHN PETER, will dated 1792, May 30, prob. July 7, same year, m. Elisabeth 
McCracken ; had ch. : 

(I). CATHERINE, b. 1766, Nov. 1, m. John Apgar, s. of Herbert. 
(II).jWILLIAM. b. 1769, May 20. (according to tombstone, 1768, May 22) 
d. 1835, Feb. 19, m. Mary Schuyler ; had ch. (order uncertain) : 

1. Peter, m. first, Cath. Trimmer, dau. of George ; second, Hulda 

Hoffman, dau. of Fred., d. 1815 ; third, Hannah Hotrum, dau. 

of Fred. 

(1). Nathan T., b. 1818, Oct. 7, m. first, Mahala Swack- 
hanier ; second, Elisabeth Flomerfelt, dau. of Leon N. : 
had ch. : Oeorge, m. first, Lebbie Trimmer, dau. of 
Geo. C and second, Emma Neighbor, dau. of Leon 
G. ; Catherine, m. Silas W. Hance : Melvina, m. Wm. 
Dellicker, s. of Casper ; Fred., m. Maggie Beavers, 
dau. of Wesley ; Elisabeth, m. Isaac Sharp Vescelius, 
s. of Oliver ; Eliza Jane, m. Richard Philhower, s. of 
Aaron ; Willard, m. Mary Welsh, dau. of Samuel ; 
Lawrence, a. yg. ; Aaron S.. m. Lizzie Hopkins, dau. 
of Silas ; Martin Luther, d. yg. ; Julietta, m. John 
Henry Slater ; Limian, d. yg. ; Emma, d. yg. 

(2). Caroline, m. David F. Apgar, s. of Wm. C. 

(3). Elias, unmarried. 

(4). George, M. D., unmarried. 

(5). Stephen, (by third wife) m. Mary J. Woolverton. 

(6). John, m. Adaline Lindabury. 

(7). Ellis, unmarried 

(8). Gilbert, m. Adaline Fritts. 

(9). Isaac. 

(10). Elisabeth, m. Mantius Apgar, s. of Jacob. 
(11). Wm. Eugen£, m. Louisa Sutton. 
(12). Amos, m. Emm Apgar, dau. of P. K. 

2. David, m. Hannah Whitehead, Peapack. 



3. William, m. Catherine Trimmer, dau. of George. 

4. George, d. young (after 1835). 

5. Elisabeth, m. Jacob Fritts, (Glen Gardner). 

6. Sophia, b. 1811, Oct. 15, m. Phil. Hoffman, (Mountainville) . 

7. Mart, m. Conrad P. Apgar, s. of Fred. 

8. Catherine, m. Jacob Apgar, 3. of Fred. 

9. Jacob Hance (?). 

(III). MARGARET, m. Herbert Lance. 

(IV). JACOB, b. 1771, m. Mary ; had ch. : Conrad, b. 1801, March 

22 ; Mary, b. 1804, Aug. 6. 
(V). EVA m. Henry Crips. 

VI. WILLIAM, of Clinton, N. J., b. 1752, d. 1836, April 9, m. 1774, April 17, Cath- 

erine Pickle, dau. of Conrad, b. 1752, d. 1831, Dec. 9. 
[(I). JOANNA GERTRUDE, b. 1775, March 3.] 
(LI). HANNAH, b. 1776, March 3, died young. 
(III). ELISABETH, b. 1777, d. yg. 

(TV). NICHOLAS P., b. 1779, June 29, m. Catherine banning ; had ch.: 
James, George, John, Catherine and Maria. 
(V). JAMES, b. 1781, Jan. 28 ; unmarried. 
(VI). WILLIAM, b. 1782, Oct. 29 ; died young. 

(VLT). ELISABETH, b. 1785, June 12, m. Wm. Mettler, a. of William (?). 
(VLH). SARAH, b. 1785, June 12, m. Isaac Bloom. 
(IX). CATHERINE, b. 1789, Aug. 2 ; died young. 
(X). NANCY, b. 1792, July 12, m. Samuel Manning, s. of Samuel. 
(XI). WILLIAM, b. 1794, July 15 ; died young. 
(XLI). GEORGE P., b. 1799, m. Elisabeth McPherson (Brooklyn). 

VII. ADAM, d. 1815, April, (letters of administration to Geo. Apgar and Nicholas 
Wyckoff), m. Anna Barbara Manning. 

(I). JACOB, b. 1769, April 29, m. a Rowe ; had one son, Wm. Clark. 
(II). PETER b. 1771, Sept. 6. 

(HI). PETER A., b. 1773, Feb. 13, d. 1850, Jan. 10, at 76 years, 10 months, 
27 days, m. Ann Stout, dau. of Samuel, b. 1782, Oct. 16, d. 1845, 
Aug. 6 ; had ch. : Margaret, m. Adam Teats, s. of Adam ; Bar 
bara, m. John Philhower, s. of John ; Thomas, b. 1806, Sept., m 
Effle Hoffman, dau. of Peter M. ; Peter, b. 1808, April 15, m. first 
Sallie Merritt ; second, Elisabeth Apgar, dau. of Conrad ; David 
m. Effle Force, dau. James ; Jonathan ; Eliza, m. Morris Merrill 
s. of Benjamin ; Ellen, in. Edward Buckley ; Harrison, m. first. 
Mary A. Alpock, dau. of Wm. G. ; second, Adeline Lance, dan. of 
Wm. ; Elisabeth, m. Jacob Philhower, s. of John ; Samuel, m. 
a Philhower, dau. of Peter ; Isaac O., m. Hannah M. Lindaberry, 
dau. of Casper. 

(IV) . ANNA CATHERINE, b. 1775, July 6, m. John Hoffman, s. of Jacobus 
lV). WILLIAM, b. 1777, July 31, m. Elsie Cath. Hoffman, dau. of John 
b. 1774, Aug. 7 ; had ch. : John, b. 1797, July 18, m. Hannah Pot- 
ter ; Jacob, b. 1799, March 17, m. Cath. Apgar ; George, b. 1800, 
Dec. 24, m. Vesie Conrad, (Indiana) ; Elisabeth, b. 1802, Oct. 
m. Will Beam, s. of Daniel ; Barbara, b. 1804, June 22 ; Mar 
oaret, b. 1806, Jan. 23, m. David Jakewish ; William, b. 1807, 
Sept. 12, m. Anna Beam, dau. of Morris ; Ann, b. 1809, July 11, m 

242 Early Germans of New Jersey 

Will Trimmer, s. of Conrad ; Adam, b. 1811, July 15, in. Pattie 
Fleming, dau. of Wm. ; Mart Orts, b. 1813, March 13, m. Phil. 
Trimmer, t. of John : Frances, b. 1814, Dec. 2, m. Benj. Robeson, 
s. of Cornelius ; Peter W., b. 1816, April 18, m. (1) Sarah Jane 
Robeson, dau. cf Cornelius; (2) Sarah Ann Drake (Sussex Co.); 
Philip C. Hoffman, b. 1820, Jan. 5, died young. 

(VI). JOHN, b. 1779, Dec. 31. 

(VII). ELISABETH, b. 1782, Jan. 20, m. Wm. Apgar, s. of Peter. 
(VHD. ADAM, b. 1790, Mar. 16, m. Catherine Potter, dau. of Daniel; had 
ch. ; John S., m. Anna Lance, dau. of Wm., and had ch., (Eben., 
her son), Nathan, who m. Amanda Lance, dau. of Fred. (Little 
Brook), and Willard, who m. Bertie Philhower, dau. of Andrew, 
(White Hall); and Pottery Morris: Peter; Margaret; Mary; 
Christiann, who all went West and married. 

(IXi. MARY, m. Nicholas Wyckoff. 
(X). MARGARET, m. George Apgar, s. of Herbert. 

VIII. FREDERICK, settled in Alexandria twp., Hunterdon Co., b. 1753, Oct. 7, 
d. 1832. March 5, m. Elisabeth Philhower, b. 1753, July 15, d. 1848, Sept. 
22 ; had ch. : 

(II. MARIA BARBARA, b. 1773. June 8. 
(III. ANNA EVA, b. 1775, Aug. 9. 
(IU l. CATHARINA, b. 1777, Feb. 5. 
(IV). EVA. b. 177b, Oct. 20. 
V). FREDERICK:, b. 1781, Aug. 9, d. 1861, April 22, m. 1803, Oct. 27, 

Elisabeth , b. 1784, May 11, d. 1863, Oct 6. ; had ch. : John, b. 

1800. Aug. 18 ; William, b. 1807, Feb. 15, d. a babe ; Levi, b. 1*08, 
Nov. 10, ; Anna, b. 1810, April 5. d. 1832 ; Philip, b. 1812, Aug. 5 ; 
Mahlon, b. 1814, Aug. 30 ; William M., b. 1817, Dec. 30 ; Elisabeth, 
b. 1819, June 16 ; Sylvester, b. 1820, April 22 ; Absalom, b. 1S23, 
Sept. 14 ; Hannah M., b. 1826, March 6 ; Wilson, b. 1830, June 14. 
(VI). JOHN, b. 1784, d. 1852, April 6, at 68. 
(Vn). ELISABETH, b. 1787, May 25. 
(Villi. SARAH, b. 1789, Oct. 16. 
(IX). WILHELM, b. 1792, Jan. 29. 
(X). JACOB, b. 1794, June 9. 
(XI). PAUL, b. 1797, April 28. 

IX. CONRAD, son of John Adam, m. first, Mary Farley, dau. of Minert, d. 1808, 

Feb. ; second, Charity Sutton, dau. John, b. 1768. d. 1845, Feb. 20, at 77. 
Conrad exchanged hotel at Cokesbury for a farm (now Peter N. Apgar's) , with 
John Farley ; had ch. : 

(I|. CHARLES, m. Jane Gulick (Belvidere). 
(III. MINERT, m. a Flomervelt, dau. of Peter, and went West. 
(III). MARY, m. Garret Conover. 
(IV). BARBARA, m. John Gulick, brother to Jane. 
(V). JOSHUA, b. 1790, d. 1868, at 78, m. Jane Bauman. 4 years younger, 
dau. of Thomas ; had ch. : Thomas, b. 1809, m. Nancy Apgar, wid. 
of Paul, bora a Todd. dau. of James ; Jane, died young ; Conrad, 
b. 1810, Dec. 22, m. Mary Apgar, dau. of Paul ; Mary, unmarried ; 
Parish, b. 1823, m. Mary Willett, dau. of Samuel (Mendham); 
Georye F., m. Emily Foss, born Fritts, dau. of George. 

Apgar — Appelman — Aree 243 

(VI). ELISABETH, (by second wife), b. 1794, April 17, m. first, Jacob Phil- 

hower, s. of John ; second, Paul Apgar, s. of Herbert. 
(VII). JACOB C, b. 1797, m. Maria Schureman. 
(VIII). AARON, b. 1797, m. Catherine Brunner. 
(DO. ANN, b. 1798, Mar. 12, m. Henry HofTman, s. of Fritz. 
(X). CATHERINE, (?) b. 1800, Jan. 22. 
(XI). SARAH, m. Adam Hoffman. 
(XII). HANNAH, m. Jacob Apgar, s. of Jacob. 
(XHI) . CONRAD, m. Sallie Hoffman, dau. of Henry (Calif on) ; had ch. : Henry 

m. Fanny Lance, s. of William ; Charity ; Fisher, m. Sutton, 

dau. of David ; Simon, m. Mary Apgar, dau. of Matthias ; George, 
(Bernardsville) ; Lydia, m. John Johnson. 
X GEORGE, went West. 

XI. CATHERINE, m. first, John Emery; second, John Sharp, s. of Morris, 1st, 
of Upper German Valley. 


JOHN PETER APPELMAN, arrived at New York, 1710, from Germany, by way 
of London, in the second emigration ; b. 1668 ; will " Som. Co., N. J." 7 May, 
1742, prob. 5 Aug., 1745, (Trenton Lib. D, fol. 311), names children : 

I. Baltes, or John Balthazar, b. 25 March, 1714 ; first Lutheran (German) 
child bap. in N. J. ; had ch., named in will of his bro. John : (I). Peter; 
(ID. Elisabeth, m. Jacob Wyckoff ; (III). John; (IV). Christopher; 
(V). Matthias; (VI). Barbara. 
II. Johannes, b. 3 May, 1716. 

III. Johannes, b. 5 April, 1718; his will " Bridgewater " twp., Aug., 1S01, 

prob. 14 Mar., 1807, names w. Elisabeth and bequests of £10 to Rev. 
Win. Graaf and £100 to church wardens of New Germantown Luth. 
Ch. "to buy the lot next to the parsonage.'' 

IV. Matthias, had ch. named in his bro. John's will: (I). David; ill). 

Lena: (III). Catherine. 
[V. Andreas, m. Maria Atelia ; had at least John Leonard, b. 7 Aug., 1731.] 


AREE or AREE VAN GUINEA [Harry from Guinea] "a Moor," was a very 
respectable negro, who was a member with his wife of the Lutheran Church in 
New York, where he had a child baptised in 1705 ; afterwards removed to the 
Raritan Valley, where a child was born 1708. It was at his house that the first 
German Lutheran service in N. J. took place, Aug. 1, 1714 ; had wife Jora and 
children : 

I. Maria, b. Feb., 1705. 
II. Aree, b. 8 July, 1708. 
III. Adam (<), m. Susannah ; will 1774, March 18, prob. Aug. 20 ; had eh.: 
ill. Adam, b. 4 July, 1721. 
ill). Isaac, b. 18 Feb., 1738, prob. died young. 
(III). Isaac, b. 12 April, 1741 ; m. Annatie ; had ch. : Adam, b. 27 Nov., 

1763 ; Isaac, b. 13 Oct., 1765 ; Peter, b. 14 Oct., 1770. 
(IV). Adam. 

(V). Elisabeth, m. Day; had ch. : Abraham, Eve and Mary. 

VI). Jacob, m. Catrina : had ch. : Jacob, b. 7 Jan., 1759 ; Mary, b. 8 
Nov., 1763 ; Jacob, 10 April, 1768 ; Isaac, b. 23 Sept., 1770. 

244 Early Germans of New Jersey 


The name in New England is generally spelled Aykr ; in New Jersey generally 
Ayres ; in Old England Eyre ; it is also Eares, Eyer, Eyres, Eires, Eiris, Ayres, 
Aaire, and even Hayers. 

JOHN, of Salisbury in 1640 ; removed to Ipswich, 1646 ; Haverhill. 1647, where he 
died 31 March, 1657 ; will prob. 6 Oct., 1657 ; he was b. about 1596 and prob. 
came from Nottinghamshire, Eng., in 1637 ; had wife, Hannah, who died 13 
July, 1686, and ch. : John, Nathaniel, Hannah, b. 31 Dec., 1644; m. 24 
March, 1663, Stephen Webster ; Rebecca, Mary, Obadiah, Robert, Thomas, 
OBADIAH, s. of John, in Newbury, Mass., 1663, prob. d. in Woodbridge, N. J., 14 
Nov., 1694, whither he had removed and where he had a tract surveyed to him 
in 1669, and in 1671 was a juryman in the first court in Woodbury twp. ; "Oba- 
diah Hoite" was one of six schepens In a council of war at fort William 
Hendrick, 34 Aug., 1673 ; " Obadiah Hayers," a constable, Jan., 1686 ; " Oba- 
diah, Sen." on the records of the court, 11 April, 1694. Woodbridge was 
settled by people from Newberry, Haverhill and Yarmouth, Mass., as early as 
1665. Obadiah m. Hannah Pike, dau. John, 19 March, 1660 ; d. Woodbridge, 
30 May, 1689 ; had children : 
I. JOHN, b. 2 March, 1663 ; m. Mary • removed with his family, except 
Thomas, to Woodbridge, N. J., where he died 1732 at 69 ; had ch. : 
(I). John, b. 1 April, 1691, prob. m. Mary Creshon, 17 Jan., 1716, and had 
at least one son. 
1, John, b. 14 June, 1719 ; d. 22 April, 1777, at Morris Plains ; m., 

first, Joanna ; second, Sarah Bayles (or Bailey), 17 Jan., 

1754 ; his will, "Morristown, April 14 and May 3, 1777," (Tren- 
ton, Lib. 18, fol. 317) ; had ch. : 
(1). Enos. 

(2). Sarah, m. Silas Stiles. 

(3) . Isaac, prob. b. 1737 ; d. 7 June, 1794, at 57 ; m. first, Johannah 
Coe, 8 Feb., 1769 ; d. 10 April, 1770, at 24 ; second, Mary 
Cooper, 27 Dec., 1770 ; d. 30 June, 1809, at 63 ; had ch. : 
Samuel, b. 29 Oct., 1773 ; Mary, b. 19 Oct., 1776 ; m. John 
Briant ; Anne, b. 8 July, 1779 ; Stephen Cooper, b. 16 May. 
1782 ; .Enos, b. 17 May, 17S5 ; Isaac, b. 11 April, 1791 ; d. 30 
Jan., 1807. 
(4). John. 
(5). Hannah, b. 1740 ; d. 14 April, 1771, at 31 ; m. 25 Dec., 1771, 

Epenetus Beach. 
(6). Mart, b. 21 Sept., 1744 ; m. Fred. King, 23 Nov., 1762. 
(7). Silas, b. 1749 ; d. 29 Dec, 1826, at 77 ; m. Mary Byram ; d. 30 
Oct., 1819, at 64 ; had ch.: Abigail, b. 28 Nov., 1772 ; d. 18 
Feb., 1812 ; Ebenezer Byram, b. 11 May, 1774 ; m. Abigail 
Byram, (dau. Naphtali) 3 Nov., 1791 ; Sarah, b. 28 Nov. 1776 ; 
Mary King, b. 2 March, 1779 ; m. John Day, 12 Jan., 1799 ; 
Hannah, b. 12 May, 1781 ; m. Isaac Pierson ("both of What- 
nung"), 3 Jan., 1801 ; Huldah, b. 17 July, 1783 ; d. 15 Nov., 
1783 ; Huldah, b. 1 Sept., 1784 ; m. John Ayers (s. John), 26 
Feb., 1829 ; Silas Condict, b. 12 Feb., 1787. 



(ID. Thomas, b. 21 Jan., 1693. 

(III). Obadiah, b. 1695 ; removed to Warren Co., (then Sussex); one of 
Justices of the Peace at organization of the county, 30 Nov., 1753 ; 
will "Hard wick," 1 May, 1779, prob. Dec. 2, 1780, names wife 
Debora and three ch. ; deeds land to Pres. Ch. near Helms Mills, 
(Hackettstown), 8 March, 1764.; had ch.: 

1. Ezekiel, b. 23 Feb., 1730 ; d. 5 Aug., 1796, at 67 ; m. first, Anna 

Stark, (dau. Amos !), b. 25 Jan., 1731 ; d. 27 Nov., 1778 ; second, 

Effle Van Wyne, the wid. Longstreet ; had ch. : 

(1). Obadiah, b. 10 March, 1753. 

(2). Ezektel, 2d, b. 25 Nov., 1754, m. Lena Eick ; lived between 
Hackettstown and Danville ; had ch. : Robert, b. 8 Nov., 
1788, m. Katie Olliver ; William ; Abraham, m. Mary 
Rarick, (dau. John) ; John ; Ezekiel, 3d, lived above 
Whitehall, Warren Co., b. 15 May, 1799, d. 22 Sept., 1849, 
m. Elisabeth Rarick (dau. John), b. 24 Oct., 1801, and had 
ch. : David, b. 1818, unm. ; John Rarick, died young ; 
William, b. 1823, m. Emily Smith (dau. George); James, 
b. 1825, m. Merilda Trimmer (dau. Morris) ; Stewart B., b. 
1827, m. Ann Day (dau. Jacob) ; John, b. 1831, m. Marg't 
Hann (dau. Will.); Elisabeth, b. 1833, m. Andrew Cum- 
mins (dau. Jacob). 

(3). Sarah, b. March 9, 1757. 

(4). Amos, b. 1 Jan., 1761. 

(5). Margaret, b. 2 Oct., 1763, d. 1842 ; m. Daniel Stuart, went 
from Hackettstown to Newton about 1780, d. 1822. 

(6). Aaron, b. 1 Aug., 1767. 

(7). Anna, b. 4 April, 1773. 

(8). Archibald, (by2dw.), m. Elisabeth Sutton (dau. Joseph). 

2. Patience, m. a Bloom. 

3. Rhoda, m. a Bell. 
(IV). Patience, b. 1697. 

(V). Francis, b. 15 March, 1698. 
(VI). Nathaniel, b. 1700. 
(VII). Benjamin, b. 19 June, 1703. 

(VIII). Moses, b. 1706, d. 1750, Nov.; letters of adm. of est. of Moses, late of 

Som. Co., granted to Nathaniel Ayers of Som. Co., 19 Dec, 1750 ; 

has lot on Dead River, Som. Co., 4 Nov., 1729 ; m. 2 Nov., 1739, 

Jane Chambers, who afterwards m. Jacob Drake, of Mendham, 

who prob. brought up the f am. ; had ch. : 

1. John. b. 19 July, 1740, d. 20 Feb., 1807, at Flanders, m. first, Phebe 

Dalglish, 5 July, 1763, at Basking Ridge, Som. Co., who d. 29 

June, 1795, at 51 ; second, .Anna Rhodes, 19 Jan., 1796 ; bot. i% 

acres at Mendham 1 Dec, 1757, and sold it 1762 ; bot. 19 acres at 

Roxbury, 1763 ; had ch. : Mary, b. 1764, d. yg. ; Keziah, b. 11 

Feb., 1766, d. at 11 ; Mary, b. Feb., 1788, d. 21 Jan., 1845, m. 

first, Sam. Hull ; second, Capt. Jonathan Olliver ; David, b. 21 

May, 1771, d. 9 June, 1806, m. Mercy Jennings ; Moses, b. 28 

April. 1772, d. 7 Sept., 1796 ; Samuel, b. 4 March, 1776 ; Sarah, 

b. 12 July, 1780 ; Samuel, a twin to Sarah ; John, b. 20 Oct., 

246 Eari v Germans of New Jersey 

1782, m. first, Abigail Coe (dau. Ebenezer), 7 April, 1817, d. 26 
Dec., 1827, at 44, second, Huldah Ayers (dau. Silas), 26 Feb., 
1829, b. 1 Sept., 1784, d. 19 Aug., 1868 ; Elisabeth, b. 2 Nov., 1786, 

d. 16 Nov., 1855, m. Rhece Nicholas ; by 2d wife, Anna, b. 

21 Oct., 1796, ra. Lum Foster, of Newton, N. J.; Jane, b. 3 Jan., 
1799, d. 31 Dec, 1799. 

2. Mart, b. 8 May, 1742. 

3. David, b. 8 April, 1744. m. Margaret McDowell (aunt of the well 

known Rev. Drs. John and William McDowell) : bought a large 
tract, consisting of what is now four farms at Lower Mt. Bethel, 
Northampton Co., Pa., still in the possession of the family ; had 
ch. : (1) David, rem. to Mannsfleld, Ohio, and had William and 
Mrs. Evans; (2), Moses, b. 14 May, 1770, d. 8 June, 1854, m. 
Mary Brittain (dau. Robert of Lower Mt. Bethel, Pa.), and had 
David, b. 11 Aug., 1796, d. 30 Dec, 1883, m. Margaret Simonton; 
Nathaniel, b. 11 Sept., 1796 (?|, d. 19 March, 1822 ; Moses, b. 1 
March, 1814, d. 27 Jan., 1890. m. Charlotte Reed ; Rev. Samuel, 
b. 1811, d. 15 Dec, 1887, grad. from Princeton Coll. and Theol. 
Sem., m. Sarah Roy (dau. Chas. of Sussex Co.), and was pastor 
Ellenville, N. Y., and Bloomfield. Ohio ; Levi, b. 1804, d. 1839, 
m. Margaret Broat ; Jane. b. 5 July, 1801, d. 11 Sept., 1875, m. 
Henry Broad ; Elisabeth, b. 8 Oct.. 1803, d. 3 Feb., 1877, m. Benj. 
Depue, father of Hon. David Ayers Depue, l.l. d., of the 
Supreme Court, N. J.; Margaret, b. 21 July, 1805, d. 6 March, 
1872. m. Moses Depue : Sarah, b. 31 Jan., 1809, d. 15 Jan., 1887, 
To., first, Harmen Dildine, second, Robert Ross. 

4. Ltdia, b. March, 1746. 

5. Phebe, b. 18 Jan., 1748. 
(IX). Aaron, b. 14 July, 1708. 

II. SARAH, b. 1664, d. 1683. 

III. SAMUEL, b. 1667, m. 1694, Elisabeth ; had ch. : Rhoda, b. 12 April, 1700; 
David, b. 25 May, 1702 ; James, b. 2 May, 1716 (1706 ?) ; Samuel, b. 25 
Oct., 1707 ; Rachel and Jacob, b. 19 June, 1710 : Benjamin, b. 31 Oct., 
TV. OBADIAH, b. 20 Oct., 1671, m. Joannah Jones, 28 April, 1694 ; lived at 
" Strawberry Hill" ; will "Woodbridge," 27 Oct., 172S, prob. 27 May, 
1729 ; had ch. : 
(I). Sarah, b. 8 Jan., 1696. 
(II). Hannah, b. 18 Jan., 1698. 
ail). Mart, b. 23 Feb., 169S (?), d. 1704. 
(IV). Rachel, b. 23 May, 1701. 
(V). Obadiah, b. 25 Dec, 1703, prob. the one whose will " Woodbridge," 
17 April, 1754, prob. 1 Feb., 1760, names wife Mary, Ezekiel Bloom- 
field, bro. of former wife, and ch. : Daniel, Susannah, (not 18) 
and Johannah. 
(VI). Joanna, twin to Obadiah. 

(VII). Robert, b. 18 July, 1706, prob. the one whose will " Woodbridge," 
5 Sept., 1740, prob. 4 June, 1741, names wife, " Hummers Ayers," 
sons Frazey and Robert, four other children, " my uncle John" and 
" my bro. Obadiah of Woodbridge." 



1. Frazee, (prob. 3. of Robert and Hummers), b. 19 April, 1729, d. 
1760, at 21, m. Phebe Bloomfleld, who d. 12 Oct., 1815 at 86 '■ 
had ch. : 
(1). Ellis, b. March, 1751, m. Sarah Mundy (dau. Gershom) and 
had eleven ( ;) ch. : 
(a). Elisabeth, b. 2 Nov., 1775, d. 1777. 
(b). Fayer, b. 28 March, 1779, m. Catherine Pitney, 
(c). Ichabod, b. 28 Nov., 1780, m. Elisabeth Keelly. 
(d). Sajitol, b. 1783, m. Sophia Marshall, 
(e). David, b 1785, m. Phebe Force, 
(f). Phebe, b. 1787, m. Henry Mundy. 

(g). Ezra, b. 10 Dec., 1788, d 30 Oct., 1863, m. Jane Lott 
(dau. Linn Lott and Euphemia Cazart), d. 9 July, 1877; 
hadch.: Ann Maria, b. 18 May, 1813, m. M. F. Car- 
men ; Lebbeus, b. 21 Dec, 1814, d. 17 Aug., 1827 ; David, 
b. 12 Oct., 1816, m. Harriet Baber ; Jane, b. 15 Sept.! 
1818 ; Sarah, b 29 Oct., 1820, m. Thomas Afriend ; 
Samuel, b. 11 Nov., 1822, m. first, Mary Campbell. 
second, Margaret Vail ; Lebbeus, m. Ellen V". A. Groyer; 
Caroline ; Emma. b. March, 1829, m. E. M. Hunt ; 
Mary, b. 27 July, 1831, m. Thos. M. Martin 
(h). John, b. 1792, d. 1793. 
li). Betsey, b. 1797, d. 1800. 
Ij). Sarah, b. 1805, m. Philip Quick. 

2. Robert. 

3. — 6. not named in will. 
(VIII). Mary, b. 29 Sept., 1703. 

(IX). Rebecca, b. 14 Nov., 1710. 
(X) Benjamin, (or " Benaiah"), b. 17 Nov., 1715. 
V. JOSEPH, b. 4 April, 1674, m. Phebe Camp, 5 Jan., 1698 n, had ch.: 
Phebe, b. 3 March 1697 1 .') ; Joseph, b. 18 March, 1701 ; Jonathan, b. 
29 May, 1704, prob. the one whose will, " Bernardstown" Mar. 21, 1775, 
prob. 14 April, 1777, names wife Ann and ch. : John, Jonathan, Phebe. 
who m. Hem-y Allen, Sites (or Lilesl who m. Jas. Moore, Stephen, 
Joseph, David, Gershom, Enos ; David, b. 2 Jan., 1707 ; Zebulon, b 
4 Aug., 1708. 
VI. THOMAS, d. Oct., 13, 1665. 

VII. THOMAS, b. 17 Dec., 1676 t!) prob. the one whose will, ■• Woodbridge," 
April 25, prob. June 12, 1732, names wife Mary "my bros." John and 
Obadiah and ch. : 
(I). Abraham, leldestsou). 
(11). Sarah, (eldest daughter). 
(III). Peter, (not 21). 
(TV). Mary. 
(V). Levie, perh. of Wantage twp., Sussex Co., 1755, who had ch.: 

1. Levi, m. 18 March, 1787, Phebe Bussel ; had cb. : Levi. Edward, 

Israel, Isaac, David and Caleb. 

2. Edward, had ch. : Enoch, John. Jehiel and Edward. 

3. Israel, m. Margaret Hoppah, 1794, Feb. 11 ; had ch. : Elisha, 

Selah and Israel. 

248 Early Germans of New Jersey 

4. Enoch, had ch. : John, William, Thomas, Squire, Enoch, Jeffer- 
VIII. VAR Y, b. Feb., 1680, m. Wm. Ilsley, June, 1700. 
IX. ROBERT (?). 

X — XII three children who died young. 
Miscellaneous — Michael in Stillwater twp., Sussex Co., 1757, came from Dover; 
letters of adm. of his est. given to Daniel Predmoreand Ben. GriggB, 29 April, 1769; 
the latter guardian of Michael's dau. Lydia, 23 Feb., 1797 ; his est. divided among 
Anna, w. of Jas. Thompson, Susannah, w. David Layman. Lydia, w. James Mc- 
Mahon of Ohio. Moses was freeholder, Sussex Co., 1764-9. Letters of adm. of 
est. of Josiah, Sussex Co., to Elias Ayers and Stephen Conkling, 24 Oct., 1781. 
Peter, a member of First Wantage Church, 1786, and mortgage given by him on 
land in Wantage twp , 28 Dec., 1773. On records of First Church of Wantage, near 
Deckertown, N. J., 22 April, 1803, are the following : Caty Ayers, w. Jac. Colm ; 
HnTinRh Ayers, w. Solomon Cortright ; Phebe Ayers, w. John Drake ; Levi Ayers, 
Jr ; Temperance Week, w. Levi Ayers, and Rachel Russell, w. Levi Ayers, Jr. 
From same records, married March, 1803, Richard Ayers to Anny Croel. In 1799, 
Levi, and 1803, Jacob Ayers were ordained elders of the above church. 

Mr. Andrew Mellick, Jr., of Plainneld, the historian, claims that the Ayers, of 
Mt. Bethel, Pa., are descended from Samuel of Ulster Co., Ireland, a Scotch 
Covenanter, who came to Philadelphia with his wife and a dau. and rem. after his 
wife's death to the Scotch-Irish settlement at Deep Run, Bucks Co., Pa., where he 
died 1747. He had 3 daughters and 2 sons : 

I. John, died young. 

II. William, rem. 1773, with all his family, except Samuel and Charles, to 

what is now Middle Paxtany, Dauphin Co., Pa. ; he had, 
(I). Samuel, b. 1V49. 
(II). Charles, b. 1750. 
OH). John, b. 1752. 

and two daughters. 


Three brothers of the name of Axf ord settled in Warren Co. : 

I. JOHN AXFORD, of Oxford, Warren Co., N. J. ; will 22 June, 1808, prob. 
15 March, 1809, names w. Abigail and ch., Samuel, John, Jonathan, 
Abraham, Johannah, Sarah. Nancy, "my dau." Abigail Parks and 
her dau. Elisabeth Ayres MacCullum. 

II. ABRAHAM, had ch. : Sarah and Nancy. 

III. SAMUEL, a bro. of John ; will, Oxford. 12 March, 1805, prob. 23 Dec., 

1811, names w. Sarah and ch. : John, eldest ; Jonathan's children, 
Jonathan, Abraham and Joseph ; brother John's children, Samuel, 
John, Johannah, Jonathan, Abigail, Sally, Nancy and Martha ; brother 
Abraham's children, Sarah and Nancy ; Jonathan Howell son to my 
bro. Jonathan's dau. Jane ; Abram and Samuel Van Sickle sons of 
Samuel ; Ann Hageman and Sarah DeCow, daus. of Abraham DeCow, 
deceased ; Samuel Axford Boiles son of John Boiles : Sarah DeCow, 
dau. John ; Joanna Patterson, w. Alexander, and others. 

Baldwin 249 


thi^^^A^" JerS6y fr ° m imford " Conn - In 164 ° *»»• "« at 
that place, Timothy, Xathaniel, Joseph, John and Richard. These wera relatives 
but prob. not all brothers. The last two were sons of Sylvester, who d., 1638 on 

?1 V °^T Englan<i to BoSt0n ; hewas the «» of ***«"* of St. Leonards 

Aston Clinton, in county Bucks, England. Another John and Richard and also 
ttnury were m New England before 1639. The descendants of Joseph and Nathaniel 
of Milford, settled in Newark and vicinity and were found very early in Parsip- 

E^n'h „ ?■ ^\ Wm H - ShaW h " a given a ver ? fuU S eneal0 ^ of these 

branches, and also of John of Milford, in his History of Essex and Hudson coun- 
ties. As the Baldwins of this vicinity came from Hunterdon Co., we presume 
they descended from 

JOHN of Milford, Conn., whom, for 2d w. Marie Bruen (dau. of John of Pequot) • 
will names ch. John, Josiah, Xathaniel, Joseph, George, Obadiah, Richard, 
Abigail, Sarah, Hannah. Elisabeth Peck. The eldest of these, 

I. JOHN, was admitted to church, 1662, m. 30 Oct., 1663 ; first, Hannah 
Bruen, dau. of Obadiah ; second, before 1686, Ruth Botsford. His will 
names children : 
(I). SARAH. 
(IV). JOHN, b. 1643. 
(V). SAMUEL, b. 1674(?). 
(VII). ("Ensign") JOSEPH, b. 1680(?), d. 14 March, 1724 
(IX). ELNATHAN, m. Kezia Prudden ; rem. to Hopewell, Hunterdon Co., 
N. J. ; his will, 1738, names ch. : 
1. Moses, will, 1783. names. (1). David; (2). Daniel; (3). .Vary Hunt; 
:4). Elisabeth Titus; (5). Hannah Allen; grandchildren James 
and Deborah Baldwin. 
8. Thomas. 

3. Joseph, of Hopewell ; will, 1770, names (1). Xathaniel ; (2). Elis- 

abeth; (3). Jemima. 


WILLIAM, the first of the name in this part of Morris Co. was perhaps a son of 
one of the last generation mentioned above ; his mother was an Ackerman ; she 
probably married a second time ; he was brought up on the Silas Walter's farm 
near Pleasant Grove ; he was b. 1780, d. 1850, at about 70, buried at Naugh- 
right ; m. first, Margaret Seals, dau. of Joseph, by whom he had five children ; 
second, a Carhart and removed to Lafayette, Sussex Co. The mother of old 
Peter Cyphers, formerly of Springtown, Washington twp., was an aunt or 
cousin of William. He had ch. : 
I. JACOB, b. May, 1813, d. 26 Jan., 1881, m. Margaret Schuyler, dau. of 
Peter ; had ch. : 

(I). STEWARD, m. Kate Blackford ; resides above Middle Valley, on 
Schooley's Mountain. 
(ID. ALFRED, m. Huldah Frace ; res. near German Valley. 
(ILD. CATHERINE, unmarried. 

250 Early Germans of New Jersey 

II. ANN, m. Peter Lance, s. of Frederick. 

III. CHARLOTTE, m. Henry Smith, s. of Jacob S. 

IV. PETER, m. Rachel Castner, dau. of Jacob ; res. at Pleasant Grove ; has 

children : 

(I). JACOB, m. Rachel Park. 
(II). AUSTIN, m. Cora Gerry. 
V. JOHN, m. Elisabeth Hegeinan ; has no children. 


HENRY BALE [originally Heinrich Behl] was the pioneer settler in what is now 
the village of Lafayette, Sussex Co. He is said to have located there as early 
as 1750 ; built the first grist-mill, and dam in the vicinity. He was a man of 
great enterprise ; erected a blacksmith shop and is said to have been one of the 
most prominent men of hie day in that part of the county: on Alexandria 
Church records 1772 ; m. Elisabeth : had bro. PETER. Henry had ch. : 
I. JACOB, removed to Kentucky. 
II. PETER., b. 17GS : removed to what is now Baleville in Hampton twp. ; m. 
Elisabeth Struble, (dau. Leonard and Mary Longcore) ; had children, six 
of whom grew up and married : 
(I). HENRY, m. Lydia Bell. 
(III. JACOB, m. Sarah Shotwell. 
(III). ELISABETH, m. Jacob Bell. 
(IV). PETER, m. Elisabeth Snook. 
(V). SARAH ANN, m. Cornelius Howell. 

(VI). MARY, m. Thomas Kays, (s. of John and Sarah Hall, dau. Benj.) 
HI. HENRY, JR., b. 1778 ; res. at Paulinskill, Hampton twp., Sussex Co., N. 
J. : m. Abigail Current ; had ch.: 
(I). ELISABETH, m. Joseph Ships. 

(II). JAMES, b. 1800, m. Sarah Havens and removed to Ohio. 
(III). ANN, m. John Huston. 

(TV) and (V). SARAH and ABIGAIL ; died young. 
(VI). SUSAN, m. Andrew Havens. 
(VIIi. JOHN. m. Rhoda S. Morris : had a son A. J. Bale. 
(VIII). PETER, b. 8 Sept., 1807, d. 34 May, 1890, at 82 yrs., 8 mos., 16 days 
m. Sarah Drake, dau. Paul ; had ch. : James, unm. ; Henry, unm. 
Georr/e (deceased), m. Jennie Wilson : David, m. Elisabeth Drumm 
Emily, m. John N. Givens : Laura, unm.; Lorinda, unm.; Delia, 
unm. ; S. Cecilia, unm., a most efficient and successful teacher. 
(IX). MARY, m. John Hardin. 
IV. RHODA, m. Jacob M. Hoffman ; removed to Kentucky. 
V. ELISABETH, m. 29 Aug., 1784, Zachariah Stickles. 
VI. MARY, m. a Washer ; removed to Kentucky. 
VII. CATHERINE, m. John Widener. 

Miscellaneous— Records. Kingston, N. Y. Bap. 12 July, 1752, John, s. Petrus 
Bele (prob. Bale) and Elisabeth Ploeg: 21 Dec, 1786, Jacob Bail m. Susiah Snook at 
Branchville, Sussex County. 


JACOB BANGHART (er Banghard) came to Philadelphia from Germany, 1740 ; 
worked at the " Old Forge," High Bridge, IS years : had ch : 

Bang hart — Barkman 


I. BARNEY, unmarried ; wounded in Revolutionary War. 

III. MICHEL, b. 1740, m. first, Angle, and had six ch. ; second. Bertha 

Grimes : res. at Bridgeville ; had ch. : 
(II.) MICHAEL, b. 1774, d. 1S46, m. Elisabeth Cummins, dau. Philip ; had 
children : 
1. George. 
3. Mary, m. Cornelius Flummervelt, s. of Zacharias. 

3. Philip. 

4. Josiah. 

5. Wesley, b. 1S05, Sept. 4, m. (1) Hannah Roerbacher : i2) Rita 

Lot* ; no children. 

6. Catherine, m. Zach. Flummervelt, a cousin to Mary's husband. 

7. Sarah, m. Lewis A. Misner. 
3. Jacob, m. Sarah Brinkerhoff. 

9. Barnabas, m. Rosette Shannon. 

10. Ann, m. John J. Van Allen, of Easton, Pa. 

11. Bathia, m. R. Davidson. 

IV. GEORGE, b. 1743, d. 1806, m. Mary Buskirk, b. 1746, d. 1830 at 74: had ch. : 

(I). BARNEY, removed to Sunsboro, Pa. 
(II). PETER, removed to Sunsboro, Pa. 
(III). GEORGE, Springtown, Warren Co., N. J. 
(IV). MARY. 

(V). JOHN, b. 1777, d. 1843, m. Margaret McKinney, b. 1776, d. 1838, at 62. 
(VI). THOMAS, b. 1779, d. 1859, m. Elisabeth, b- 1783, d. 1821. 
(VII). ANDREW, b. 1771, d. 1856, m. Rebecca, b. 1793, d. 1876. 
(Vni). MICHAEL, removed to Cincinnati, Ohio. 
(IX). ABRAHAM, b. 1785, July 14. d. 1S76, m. Mary, b. 1783, Feb. 14. d. 


Three brothers, Jonathan, Joseph and Henry are found in this part of N. J. 
JONATHAN BARKMAN, b. 21 Oct., 1787, d. 29 Oct., 1867, m. Sarah Felmley, dau. 
David, b. 16 April, 1794, d. 26 Dec, 1862 : resided at Lebanon and died at New 
Germantown, N. J. ; had ch. : 

(I). DAVID, b. 1818, d. in the fall of 1891 at 73, m. Lena Ann Crate, dau. 
Samuel and Rachel Van Syckel, b. 24 April, 1815, d. 1SS9 at 74 ; 
had ch. : 

1. William P., m. Sarah Ann Latourette, dau. Peter. 

2. Fanny, m. James VTiet, dau. Simon. 

3. Emily, m. John Todd, 3. of Thomas. 

4. John C, m. Elmira Sutton, dau. George B. 

5. Oscar P., m. Mary Logan, dau. David. 
0. Sarah Elisabeth, m. Edward Boiles. 

7. Anna, m. George Nicholas. 

8. James, m. Iona Adams, dau. Thomas. 

9. Walter, d. at 5 years. 

252 Early Germans of New Jersey 

(IT). POHLMAN, m. Melinda Rhinehart, dau. William ; he resided at 
New Germantown ; his widow occupies a farm near TJnionville, 
Washington twp., Morris Co., N. J. ; had ch. : 

1. William, m. Sarah Welsh, (dau. Vandervoort) . 

2. Mar y, m. George Pickle. 

3. Sabab, m. John Pickle. 

4. Jonathan, m. Lida Cregar. 

5. David F., m. out West. 

6. Maggie, unmarried. 

7. Lottie, d. unmarried. 

8. Jennie, m. Manning Fisher, s. of Wesley. 

9. George, unmarried. 

(HI). WILLIAM, m. Sarah Van Pelt ; res. N. Y. City ; had ch. : 

1. Kate, m. a Conliin. 

2. Josephine, m. in N. T. 

3. James, m. a Miss Benbrook. 

(IV). CATHERINE, m. Andrew Van Vliet ; res. New Germantown ; had 

1. Sarah Ellen, m. Urias Alpaugh. 

2. Jonathan, m. Fanny Alpaugh (sister to TJrias). 

3. Elisabeth, m. Andrew Shankle. 

4. Andrew, m. dau. of John Opdyke. 

5. Emma, m. Luther Smith, now of the Black Hills. 

6. Isaac. 

7. Pohlman, m. Jane Potts. 

8. Gilbert. 

9. Clista m. John Lewis. 

10. Edward, m. in N. Y. 

11. Anna Maria, died young. 

(V). ELISABETH, m. William Shurtz, s. of George ; res. at Lebanon, N. 
J. ; had ch. : Jennie, m. Charles Pruden ; Mamie, m. a gentleman 
of Trenton ; three died young. 
HENRY, a brother of Jonathan, lived at Allamuchy, Warren Co., and had ch. : 
among others, 
I. JOSEPH, who went West. 
II. JOHN, who went West. 

III. RACHEL, m. William Starker. 


V. SARAH, m. John Mettler. 
JOSEPH, another brother of Jonathan ; res. near Newton, Sussex Co.; had ch., 
at least : 
111. JOHN. 


FREDERICK! BARTLES was captured by the French, while serving in the 
cavalry of Frederick the Great ; escaped and fled from Paris to Amsterdam, 
and thence, by way of London, to Philadelphia ; m. Anna Catharine Apt, of 
Phil. Fred. Henry Barthals arrived in Phila. 8 Sep., 1753, in ship St. Michael, 

Bartles 253 

from Hamburg. He removed to Northern New York, where he engaged 
extensively in manufacturing and shipping flour and lumber. "This year, 
1794, a settlement was commenced under the direction of Mr. Bartles from the 
Jerseys, on the outlet of Mud Lake, one of the branches of the Conhocton. 
Towards the end of summer a set of merchant mills were in considerable for- 
wardness, including a saw-mill at Fredericktown, called after his name. In 
May, 1798, Mr. Bartles proceeded from his milla in the centre of Steuben Co., 
by raft on the Susquehanna River, with 100,000 feet of boards for Baltimore, 
where he arrived safely and found so good a market that he engaged to deliver 
the same quantity next spring. There is another Jersey settlement at the head 
of Canascroga Creek." From Documentary History of New York, voL n, p. 
-660. He had ch. : 

I. "ANDREW, m. about 1790, Catherine Plum, dau. of John, of New Bruns- 
wick, who was a soldier in the Revolution. He was a man of large 
enterprise. He, in connection with his father-in-law, John Plum, of 
New Brunswick, engaged in the manufacture of iron at Hacklebamey. 
He had ch.: 
(I). JOHN MARCUS, b. 1791. July 14, d. yg. 
(II). SARAH, b. 1793, Mar. 17, unm. 

(III). FREDERICK, b. 1795, Feb. 14, m. (1) Elisabeth Williams ; (2) Nancy 
Youngs ; had ch. : 

1. John Plum, b. 1818, Sept. 19, m. Caroline Sharp, dau. of Abraham, 

rem. to Ohio. 

2. David Thomas, b. 1821, Jan. 27, m. at New Phila., O. 

3. Catherine, b. 1823, Oct. 27, m. Cornelius Messier. 

4. Ellas Mullison, m. Sophia Stryker, dau. of Martin, prominent 

lumber merchant at German Valley, N. J., director in the 
Hackettstown National Bank ank a large employer of labor ; 
had ch. : 

(I). Henry Plum, d. yg. 

(2). Anna, m. James Courtrjght of Newark ; has ch. : Charles, 
Frank, James, Anna. 

(3). Sarah Plum, d. yg. 

(4). Kate, m. Floyd T. Woodhull ; have one ch.: Leroy. 

5. Charles, b. 1829, July 15, d. yg. 

6. Andrew, b. 1831, Aug 19, m. Emma Demot. 

(IV). HENRY P., m. Susan Van Pelt, of Fox Hill ; have son : Joseph 
Van Pelt, b. 1822, Aug. 28. 
(V). CHARLES, b. 1801, Mar. 18, m. (1) Eliza Hart ; (2) Eliza Randall, 
res. at Flemington ; grad. of Union College, 1820, and became b 
prominent business man and lawyer ; he was President Hunt. Co. 
Bank, 1858, until his death. 
(VI). JULIANA, b. 1803, June 30, unm. 

(VII). ELISABETH PLUM, b. 1806, Oct. 4, m. Joseph Cornish. 
(IX). PHEBE KLINE, b. 1812, Jan. 7, m. Geo. B. Stothoff, res. at Flem- 
IL ANNA MARIA, b. 1771, Feb. 4. 
HI. CARL, b. 1773, Feb. 24. 
IV. WILHELM, b. 1778, Sept. 16. 
V. ANNA MARIA ELISABETH, b. 1780, Aug. 8. 

254 Early Germane of New Jersey 

VI. MARIA JULIANA, b. 1782, Dec. 25. 
VII. JOSEPH, b. 1784, Dec. 25, m. Phebe Klein, dau. of Jacob ; had ch.: 

I. GEORGE HARVEY, b. 1820, Oct. 18, m. Clark, s. of Austin, 

of Lebanon, res. at Flemington. 
II. JACOB KLEIN, b. 1824. Jan. 15, unm., res. at New Germantown. 


ROBERT and DAVID BARKLEY were two of the twenty-four proprietors to 
whom the Duke of York gave the grant, or sale, of East New Jersey, 1682-3, 
Mar. 14. Robert was appointed Governor, and d. 1690, Oct. S. David 
appears to have visited the province previous to 1684. He died 1675, about 
Aug. 15. on the passage from Aberdeen to East Jersey, in charge of a cargo of 
goods for the proprietors. His righte in the soil were inherited in whole or in 
part by his brother John, who lived for many years and died in the province. 
John came to East Jersey, with six persons in his company, Mar., 1683 ; was 
appointed, 1692, Mar. 25, by Gov. Alex. Hamilton, Receiver General and Sur- 
veyor General ; his name appears, 1699, as clerk at Perth Amboy ; signs, 
1702. as one of the proprietors of East Jersey. — [ Whitehead's East New Jersey]. 
It has not been possible as yet to trace the connection between the two pro- 
prietors, and the families of Barclay and Bartley of Bedminster twp., Som. 
Co.. but it seems psobable that the father of Robert Barkley and Hugh Partley 
(or Barkley) was John Barkley, who may have been the son of JOHN, the pro- 

(I). ROBERT BARKLEY, wife Christian ; will dated Bedminister, 
Somerset Co., 1789, Sept. 10, prob. 1790, Feb. 6, mentions : 

1. John. 

2. Nancy, m. John King. 

3. Isabel, m. Robert Little. 

4. Rebecca, m. Thos. Walker. 

5. Elisabeth, m. Benyon Dunham. 

6. Martha, m. David Dunham. 

Executors of Robert's will were, "my son, John Barkley, my 
brother, Huph Barkley, and Robert Blair. 
(Hi. HUGH BARTLEY, b. 1719. d. 1803. June 24, m. Elisabeth b. 1724, 
d. 1811, Jan. 8 ; first of the name Bartley, prob. changed from 
Barclay ; had at least one sou : 
1. John, m. a Logan ; carried meat in Washington's Army, and 
received a pension. His name appears on the list of Revolu- 
tionary soldiers, as does also that of Hugh Barkley ; had ch. : 
(ll. a daughter , m. Henry Woodley, of N. Y. 
(2). Rebecca, m. Nathaniel Hudson, of Som. Co. 

(3i. Sarah, m. (1) Dunham ; (2) Richard Howell, res. 

at Flanders. 
(4l. Hugh, m. Sarah Potter, dau. of Samuel, b. 1787. March 1 ; 
had ch. : 
(a». Caroline, m. John S. Salmon, s. of Wm. 
(bi. Jonathan, m. Dorothy Caskey, dau. of Rob't. ; had ch. ; 
Robert, m. first, Alice Swaekhamer. dau. David ; 

Bartley — Batson 255 

second, H a nn ah Stephens, dau. Will.; Dorothy, m. 
Chas. S. Salmon, s. of Richard ; Alma, m. Henry Sal- 
mon, s. of Gideon ; Caroline, m. George Salmon, s. of 
Peter, b. 1 Aug., 1829 ; Hannah, m. Peter Salmon, s. 
of Gideon. 

(c). Samuel, m. Eliza Ewalt ; res. in Ohio ; has 3 ch. : 

(d). Sarah Elisabeth, m. Aaron Salmon, 3. of Stephen ; 
has four ch. ; 

(e) . Hannah, died young. 

(f). William, m. Elmira Woolf ; in partnership with his sons 
has a foundry and machine shop at the place where 
they reside and called after their name, Bartleyville. 
Morris Co., X. J.; has eh.: Samuel, m. Marv Slater: 
Augustus Wolf, m. Elisabeth Sharp, dau. David : Irene, 
died unmarried ; a civil engineer. 

ig). Hugh. m. Elisabeth Frone, dau. of John : has ch. : Jon- 
athan, a mill-wnght, m. Mary Freeman, dau. 
of Bedminster ; Louisa, m. E. J. Frey, a teacher ; res. 
Clinton, N. J. 


THOMAS, gives mortgage, 1771, to Samuel Shoemaker for 800 acres, including lots 
No. 3, 4 and 18 of the Boynton tract, for £518. He perhaps had ch. : 

I. SAMUEL, whose will, " Roxbury," 1814, Jan. 12, prob. May 12 ; names 
w. Mary and ch. : 
(II). MARY, m. a Sutton. 
(III). THOMAS, (only son). 
II. JOHN, whose will, " Roxbury," 1832, Jan. 9, prob. Mar. 31 ; names ch. : 
(I). AMOS, m. Deborah. 

(II). JOHN, (deceased 1832), m. Barbara; had children mentioned in his 
father's will j 

1. Locket. 

2. Peter. 

3. Thomas. 

4. Daniel. 

(III). STEPHEN, mentioned in his brother's will as needing to be supported. 
(IV). SARAH, m. Daniel Young. 
(V). RACHEL, whose will, " Roxbury,'' 9 Feb., 1832, prob. 13 Oct., 1845 ; 
names ch. : 

1. Jonathan. 

2. Hannah, m. Joseph Sanders. 

Miscellaneous— The name Batson may be the same as Busson, Besson and 
Bason. We therefore add the following : Benjamin Busson bought the Schooley 
tract near Drakestown, of Wm. Biddle, Dec, 1735. Francis and Lizzie Besson and 
ten children are said to have come to this country about 1750 with the Shurts 
family of Hunterdon Co. Xiccklas Bason was a member of the Reformed Dutch 
Church, of New Brunswick, in 1717. Frederick Bason and the widow Berson were 
customers of the German storekeeper in German Valley before 1763. Andrew 
Batson and Elsa had ch. : Andrew, b. 2 Dec., '.773. recorded on New Germantowu 
church book. 

256 Earlv Germans of New Jersey 


BARTRAM BEHM, (Beam), came over on ship, Two Brothers, from Rotterdam. 
1752, Sept. 15 ; lived at Philhower crossroads, 1767, Dec, when " Mud Street" 
was laid out ; had ch. : 
I. MORRIS, m. Anna Hoover from Hunterdon Co., b. about 1748, d. 1852 
(?) ; had ch. : 
(I). HENRY, b. about 1790, m. Margaret Weaver ; had ch. : 

1. Jacob, m. Charity Bird. 

2. Henry, m. Jane Bird. 

3. Mart, m. Wm. Steltz. 

4. Margaret, m. Benjamin Coniken 
5.;George, m. Ann Bird. 

6. David, m. Margaret Sutton. 

7. Philip, m. Zilpha Ader. 

(II). JOSEPH, b. 1792, Oct. 9, m. Rachel Hoover ; had ch.: 

1. Mary, b. 1820, m. Van Duyne. 

2. Nelson , b. 1825, m. Mary A. Beam, dau. John ; had ch. : 

(1). Ransom, m. Mrs. Ellen (O'Neill) Ballard. 

(2). Joseph, m. Clarissa Booth. 

(3). Lydia, m. Henry O'Neill. 

(4). Thomas, m. Percilla Beam, dau. Philip. 

(5). Mary, m. Enos Parker, s. of John of Staten Island. 

(6). Margaret Ann, unmarried. 

(7). Elisabeth, m. George Apgar, 8. of Morris. 

(8). Louisa, unmarried. 

(9). Hollow ay, unmarried. 
(10). Eliphalet, unmarried. 
(11). John, m. Anna Lake. 

3. Catherine, b. 1827, m. John Parker of Staten Island. 

4. Findley, b. 1829, died young. 

5. Barbara, b. 1831, m. (1) Cornelius Van Cott ; (2) Sutley Wallace. 

6. Mahala, b. 1833, m. Ellick Taylor ; removed to Pennsylvania. 
(HI). ANNE, m. John Ader. 

(TV). MORRIS, b. 1799, Sept. 15, m. Anne Schuyler, dau. Philip ; had ch.: 

1, Philip, m. Mary Wiley. 

2. Anthony, m. Elisabeth Wiley. 

S. Nancy, m. Wolflnger of Pennsylvania. 

4. Findley, d. in war ; m. Margaret Cortright. 

5. Mary, m. Joseph Cortright. 
(V). RACHEL, m. Samuel Wiley. 

(VI). BARBARA, m. Henry Weaver. 

(VII). SARAH, b 1801, April 19, m. Urtz. 

(VIII). DANIEL, b. 1802, Dec. 28 ; unmarried. 
(IX). MARGARETTA, b. 1805, April 11. 
(X). PHILIP, b. 1809, Jan. 28. 
(XI). DAVID CROTSLY, b. 1811, Oct. 10. 
H. LAWRENCE, went to Canada ; had dau., Susanna, b. 1801, Dec. 28. 
III. JOHN, b. before 1754 (probably); d. about 1844, m. Catherine Pace, dau. 
Daniel ; fought through the Revolution ; owned one farm in Hunterdon 



and one in Morris Co. ■ had ch. : 
(I). DANIEL, m. Elsie Schuyler, dau. Wm. ; had ch. (order uncertain) : 

1. Mary, b. 1805, Dec. 19, m. Joshau Van Cott. 

2. William, m. Elsie Apgar. 

3. Catherine, m. Charles Perry. 

4. Parker, unmarried. 

5. Elisabeth, b. 1811, Feb. 28, m. Jacob Beam. 

6. Barbara, m. Lot Wolf. 

7. Sophia, m. Philip Ader. 

8. Caroline, m. Nathan Hoffman. 

9. Aaron, b. 1813, Jan. 22. 

(IT). MORRIS, d. 1822, m. Catherine Fleming, b. 1791, June 12, d. 1853, 
Dec. 9; hadch.: 

1. Annie, b. 1810, Feb. 3, m. Wm. Apgar. 

2. George, b. 1812, Oct. 31 ; unmarried. 

3. Elisabeth, b. 1815, Aug. 6, m. Andrew Seals. 

4. Catherine, m. Isaac Ader. 

5. Ebenezer, m. out West. 
OLD. JOHN, m. Lydia Arch : had ch. : 

1. Thomas, m. Elisabeth Bird. 

2. Martha, m. Charles HouseL 

3. James, m. Selinda Blane. 

4. Catherine, m. Morris Thorp. 

5. Mart Ann, m. Nelson Beam. 

6. Ltdia, m. Peter Peer. 

(TV). ELISABETH, m. Daniel Hellebrant. 
(V). RACHEL, m. John Swick, (N. Y. State). 
(VI). MARY, m. Levi Fleming. 

(VU). ANN, m. (1) Joshua Convil ; (2) Jas. Vanderberg. 
(VILI). BARTRAM, b. 1797, d. 1848, m. Mary Fleming, dau. Wm.; had ch.: 

1. William, m. Catherine Hendershot. 

2. Louisa, m. Benjamin Schuyler. 

3. Caroline, m. David Lance. 

4. Julia, m. Jacob Lance. 

5. George, m. Mary A. Jakewish. 

6. Henry, m. Grey. 

7. Samuel, died young. 

8. Angeline, died young. 

9. Eliza, died young. 

10. Ellen, died young. 

11. Frances, m. William Hoover. 
IV. CATHERINE, m. Fred. Pace, s. of Daniel. 

JURY (Juriaan or George), b. in Germany; m. at Kingston, N. Y., 14 Nov., 1719, 
Elisabeth Hertel (or Herten), dau. Adam, from Germany ; had ch. : 
I. HENDRIK, bap. 25 Sept., 1720 ; prob. rem. with his father to Hunterdon 
Co. before 1737, m. Cornelia Engel ; had children, at least: 
(I). ELISABETH, bap., Readington, 8 May, 1749. 
(II). CORNELIA, bap., Readington, 8 Dec., 1751. 
(HD. CORNELIA, bap., Readington, 1 July, 1756. 
(TV). CORNELIA, bap., Readington, 11 Jan., 1761. 

258 Early Germans of New Jersey 

II. ADAM, bap., Kingston, 9 Dec, 1722. 
III. WILHELM, (William), bap., Kingston, 1 March, 1724. 
TV. ADAM, bap., Kingston, 22 May, 172G. 
V. JURY, (George), bap., Kingston, 28 July, 1728. 
VI. ALBERT, bap., Kingston, 4 March, 1733. 
VII. ELISABETH, bap., Readington, 23 Oct., 1737. 

Jury may have had brothers, the three who were married about the same time, 
Hendrick, Albert and Ov.uw Beeni, all residing in Kingston, N. Y., and a sister 
Maria Doritea, who was b. in Germany and m. 1715 William Douwty from Old 


JAMES BEATTY, will dated Lebanon twp., Hunterdon Co., N. J., 1766, Aug. 2 : 
probated 1767, Feb. 16, (Trenton Lib. 13fol. 209) ; m. Jane : emigrated from the 
north of Ireland and lived in a log house between Anthony and Little Brook 
school house. Tradition says there were seven brothers in the Revolutionary 
Army, two or three of whom died at Sandy Hook. Several moved to Shamo- 
kin Co., Pa. The seven brothers probably included James ; his will names 
the following : 



VII. JAMES, b. 1761, d. 1849, Mar. 18 ; m. Elisabeth Schleicher, b. 1772, Nov. 25, 
d. 1854, Feb. 10. This James may have been a grandson of James 1st. 
He had ch. : 
(I). ALEXANDER, b. 1793, Feb. 18, d. 1874, m. Margaret Taylor, b. 

1797, d. 1860 ; no children. 
(II). ANNIE, b. 1794, Nov. 24, m. Fred. Lance, s. of Peter. 
(HI). MARY, b, 1797, Jan. 2, d. 1872, m. Jacob Anthony, s. of Philip. 
(TV). JOHN, b. 1799, d. 1834, m. Elisabeth Hipp, d. 1872 at 75 years ; had a 
son Gen. Sam. Beatty, of Ohio. 
(V). JACOB, b. 1801, d. 1871, m. Eva Anthony, dau. of Philip, Jr., b. 

1801, d. 1888 ; had eleven children. 
VI). ELISABETH, b. 1804, m. John Waters, s. of Thomas. 
(VII). JAMES, b. 1807, d. 1878, m. (1) Sarah Ann Fritts, dau. "Capt." Benj. 
b. 1807, had three children, two of whom died young ; (2) Julia Ann 
Sine ; had ch. : 

1. Kate, m. Lawrence Fritts, s. of Thomas. 

2. Lambert, unmarried. 

3. Stewart, unmarried. 

4. Mart Loretta, m. D. W. Vannatta. 

(VIII). GEORGE W., b. 1815, m. (1) Elisabeth Fisher, b. 1816, d. 1858 ; (2) 
Rachel Thatcher ; had son Daniel F. , the organ manufacturer. 
GEORGE BEATTY, probably a brother to James ; res. Vienna, Warren Co., N. 

J., m. (It ; (2) Elisabeth Cummings, b. 1760, April 11 ; had ch. : 

I. CHARLES, b. at Trenton, 1779, m. Mary Henry, dau. of Herbert; had ch. : 
(I). ELIZA. 

Eeatty 259 

(ii). stewakt. 
(iii). fernina. 
(iv). georgett. 

II. NANCY, m. Joseph Pangborn. 
ROBERT BEATTY, witness to James' will and probably his brother, m. 1746, 
Sept. 30, (according to record 01' St. Michel and Zion's Church, Philadelphia) , 
Catherine Schleycher : had ch. : 
I. THOMAS, m. Margaret ; had ch. : 

(I). THOMAS J., b. 1775, d. 1840, May 6, (Sparta), m. 1796, Jane Mills, 
b. 1774; hadch.: 

1. Robert. 

2. Mary, m. Samuel Craig. 

3. John. 

4. holloway h. 

5. Margaret, m. Wm. Whitehead. 

6. Jane, m. Andrew McEevitt. 

7. Elisabeth, m. David R. Flynn. 

8. George B. 

II. WILLIAM, m. Sarah Cougle ; had ch. : 

(I). WILLIAM, m. Sarah A. Taylor, dau. of Robert. 

(II). ROBERT B., m. Mary A. Taylor, dau. of Robert ; res. Beattystown, 
Warren Co., N. J. ; had ch. : 

1. Isabella, m. Thomas Y. Ward, 3. of Harvey. 

2. Andrew, unmarried. 

3. Margaret, m. Nelson Dufford, s. of Philip. 

4. Elisabeth, unmarried. 

(III). MARGARET, m. Wm. Hance, s. of William. 
(IV). JAMES C, m. Mary Weaver. 
JOHN, Ion records Dutch Church r* Kingston, N. Y.) m. Susanna Ashford (Ash- 
forbey, &c.l; ''both members of the English Church"; had ch.: 

1. William, bap. 1695, June 9. 

2. Charles, bap. 1698, Jan. 9. 

3. Agnus, bap. 1699, Oct. 39. 

4. Jan, bap. 1701, March 2. 

5. Thomas, bap. 1703, March 14 ; prob. m. 1729, Oct. 23, Maria Jansz, 

both b. at Marbletown. 

6. Marta, bap. 1707, April JO. 

ROBERT, (on Kingston records) m. Bata Middagh ; banus registered, 1719, May 
17 ; both b. in Marbletown, N. Y., and residing in Kingston at time of mar- 
riage ; had ch. ; 

1. John, bap. 1719. Nov. 15. 

2. Marretjen, bap. 1721, March 19. 

3. Joris, bap. 1732, May 14 ; prob. m. 1752, Feb. 1, Annaatje Brink. 

4. Margriet, bap. 1734, May 12. 

5. Jane, bap. 1730, Aug. 15. 

CHEERELS, (on Kingston records), m. Jannetjen Jansz, m. for 2d husband, 1734, 
Jan. 24, John El ting ; banus registered 1724, Oct. 30 ; both b. and residing in 
Marbletown, N. Y. ; had Bata, bap. 1725, Oct. 3. 

JOHN, (Kingston, N. Y., records), m. Mery Brink, 1743, June 11 ; he b. and resid. 

2 6o Early Germans of New Jersey 

Marbletown, and she b. in Horley and resid. Marbletown ; had ch. : 

1. Elsjen, bap. 1744, Dec. 16. 

2. Robert, bap. 1747, April 5. 


€OL. JOSEPH, Col. in Second Regiment of Hunterdon Co. in Revolutionary War; 
was of Scotch-Irish descent ; was a Judge and had a pew in Greenwich Pres. 
Church, Bloomsbury, Warren Co., N. J. : had a large farm ; had two sons and 
thirteen daughters ; only three are known, viz : Joseph, died young ; George 
and Elisabeth, m. 8 Oct., 1768, Dr. Sam. Kennedy, s. Rev. Sam. 

GEORGE, b. April 1, 1758, d. Sept. 2, 1820, aged 62 years, 5 months and 1 day ; 
buried in New Stone cemetery, near Clinton, N. J. ; owned Pattenburgh mill, 
now known as Beaver's mill ; his granddaughter, Mary Beavers, b. May 22, 
1789, d. Nov. 21, 1871, m. John Carhart ; m. first, Christianna ; second, Sara, 
b. Nov. 1, 1760, d. Mar. 15, 1841, at 80 years, 4 months, 14 days ; had ch. : 
I. JOSEPH, m. a Banghart. 

II. RALPH, b. Dec. 3, 1781, m. Christianna Dilts, b. April 16, 1786 ; had ch.: 

(I). HARMON, b. Feb. 22, 1807 ; settled in New York State. 
(II). JOSEPH, b. Aug. 7, 1809, m. Margaret Stout, dau. Andrew ; had ch. 

1. John Wesley, m. Emaline Seavers, dau. of Abr.; res. near Pot- 

tersville, Somerset Co., N. J.; had ch. : 

(1). Rebecca J., died young. 

(2). Joseph S., died young. 

(3). Elijah W., m. Blanche Apgar, dau. Isaiah. 

(4). Ulysses Grant, unmarried. 

(5). William Sherman, unmarried. 

(6). Georgian a, m. Peter L. Apgar ; res. near Pottersville. 

(7). Maggie E., m. Fred. Apgar. 

(8). Samuel S., unmarried. 

2. Jane, m. George Pickle, s. of George. 

3. Martha, m. Theodore Lance, s. of Will. 

4. Joseph C, m. Charity Crater, s. of David. 

5. George, died young. 

6. Harmon, m. Charity Pickle, dau. of Fred. 

7. Ralph, m. a Rhinehart, s. of David. 

8. Christianna, died young. 

9. Manning F., m. Marietta Pickle, dau. of Sam. 
(III). NAOMI, m. Joseph Bryant, 

(TV). ELISABETH, m. first, Archibald Starker ; second, George Tiger ; 
third, Richard Philhower. 
(V). MARY, m. Elijah Stout, s. of Andrew. 
(VI). CATHERINE, m. Jacob D. Fritts, s. of George. 
(VII). MAHALA, m. Will. Plum. 



V. ABBIE, m. Edward Johnson. 
VI. MARY, b. May 22, 1789, d. Nov. 21, 1871, m. John Carhart, s. of Charles 

and Mary Dunham. 
VII. MARTHA, b. April 30, 1791, d. April 30, 1875 ; buried in New Stone cem- 
etery, near Clinton. 

Beavers — Bell 261 

VLTI. SARAH, m. George Bunnell. 
IX. NANCY, m. Capt. Ben. Pritts. 


JOHN BELL, witness to will of John Colver, of " Black River," in 1734 ; constable 
Roxbury twp., 1742 ; perhaps had ch.: 
I. ONESIMUS (Simeon) named in will of his brother John. 
II. JABESH, will, " Roxbury," 6 Nov., 1786, prob. 2 June, 1789, (Trenton 
Lib. 30 p. 225), names ch. : 
(LT). HANNAH KELSEY, [wife of William, b. May 1734, d. 6 Aug., 1806]. 
(V). SUSANNA WEATON, [Heaton ?]. 
HI. JOHN, will, "Roxbury," 22 Jan., 1778. prob. 6 Jan., 1780, names " bro. 
Onesimus, otherwise Simeon," " friend Aaron Stark," and three sons and 
one daughter, none of whom 21 years of age : 
(D. JOHN. 
(HI). LEVI, d. 12 April, 1812, m. Mary Terry, dau. Richard 1st, and wid. 
Simeon Drake, b. 13 Sept., 1758, d. 26 Sept., 1836 ; had one son, 
Simeon Drake Bell, b. 15 Aug., 1801, d. 3 Nov., 1859, m. Elisabeth 
E., b. 11 Oct., 1803, d. 21 Nov., 1856. 
IV. ISAAC, named father in the will of bis son, James, of Hardwick, 29 Mar., 
1778. prob. 12 Oct., 1780 ; who also names bro.-in-law Nathaniel Hazen. 
ROBERT, removed from Newton, Sussex Co., to Walpack, and purchased, 30 Apr., 
1808, 197 acres on Flatbrook. near Walpack Centre, m. Mary Struble, dau. of 
Leonard, of Myrtle Grove, Hampton twp., Sussex Co.; had ch. : 
I. JACOB, m. a Bale and removed to WilsonviUe, Pa. 
IL JESSE, m. a Young and reared a large family. 

III. JOHN, lived near Swartswood and had one sonand onedaughter ; Leonard, 

Jr., who removed West, and Mrs. Jacob N. V. Dimon, of Frankford, 
Sussex Co. 

IV. LEONARD, m. Lucinda Rosenkrans, dau. Benjamin ; res. near Walpack 

V. NANCY, m. Dayton Cole. 
VI. SUSAN, m. Helam Van Auken. 
VII. ELISABETH, m. John A. Struble, of Hampton. 
VIII. MARGARET, m. John Bevans, of Sandyston twp. 
IX. ROBERT, m. a daughter of Henry Burk and had son Emmet. 
Miscellaneous— JOHN, Somerset Co.; will 20 Sept., 1769, prob. 20 April, 
1770, names first w., Anna Myers, (dau. John of N. Y. city), wid. Capt. Richard 
Tilden, and second w., Hannah Smith (dau. Fred, of Philadelphia), and children 
Andrew and Cornelia. 

262 Early Germans of New Jersey 


WILLIAM, naturalized by act of Assembly, 1730 ; also naturalized, 1774, Adam, 
Johann, William and Peter Bellesfelt and in 1756, Johann Belesvelt. On West 
Jersey society lands, 1735, Peter Bellesfielt and William Bylerfelt, prob. same 
as preceding. Hendrick van Bilevelt was a " cadet on the Delaware," 11 Aug., 
1661. The family came from Neuwied town, or county, in province Nassau. 
There is a walled town in Westphalia of the name Bielefeld, of over 6,000 
inhabitants. The name of this family is found in the early records of N. T. city 
and is veryjjvariously spelled. It was finally shortened to Belles. William may 
have had 4 sons : Adam, J. William, Peter and John. 
I. ADAM. bot. 210 acres abt. 2 miles s. of Flemington, near Copper Hill, 
1743, June 1, from John Stevenson. In the deed the name is Adam Bel- 
lows, the first step in change from Bellowsfelt to Bellis, Belles or Bellas ; 
had children. 

(I). WILLIAM, b. 1740, Dec. 18, d. 1826, Feb. 27, m. Mary Housel (dau. 
Martin of Amwell) ; had children. 

1. Adam, b. 1774, Jan. 19, d. young. 

2. Eleanor, 1775, b. Sep. 29, m. Rev. John Jacob Wack (s. Rev. Casper). 

3. William, b. 1776, Dec. 15, m. Margaret Young (dau. Peter) ; has 

son, John Young Bellis, near Reaville. 

4. David, b. 1778, Oct. 12, m. Eleanor Schenck (dau. Ralph or Rafe) ; 

had ch.: John William, on the old Schenck farm ; David S., at 
Copper Hill ; Maria, b. 17 May, 1805. 

5. John, b. 1781, May 26, m. 1, Margaret Cool ; 2, Sarah Lisk ; had 

children : 

(1). Margaret, m. Christopher Werte. 

(2). David, m. first, a dau. of Abraham Werts ; second, Anne 

Chamberlain (dau. William). 
(8). John, m. first, a sister of Paul Cool Dilts ; second, a lady 

from New York State. 

6. Matthias, b. 1783, April 24, d. 1826, June 4, m. Elisabeth Sutphin 

(dau. Rafe), d. 1847, Oct. 20 ; had four children, two living in 1880 : 
(1). William M. and Hannah, w. of Abraham Prall ; Charity, 
d. 1832, Aug. 5, and Hiram, d. 1835, Aug. 14. 
(II). PETER, b. 1743, July 30, went to Kentucky. 
(III). CATHARINE, b. 1746, unm. 

(TV). JOHN, b. 1750, d. 1838. July 11 ; soldier in Revolutionary War ; m. 
Nellie Williamson, of Larason Corners. 
(V). ADAM, b. 1753, m. Mary Rockafellar (dau. Peter). 
(VI). ANDREW, b. 1757, July 17, m. Elisabeth Servis ; rem. to Hopewell. 
(VII). CHARITY, b. 1760, April 15, unmarried. 
II. JOHANN WILLIAM BELLOWSFELT, left will dated Amwell. 1773, 
June 14, prob. 1775, Dec. 12. m. Catherine, "29 May, 1743, JohanWillem 
Brillensfeld [Bielersfeld or Bellowsfelt] j. m. v. Niewit wonede in Amwel, 
met Anna Catharine Kempel, j. d. ook v. Niewit en wonende Alhier." 
Translation :— Married 29 May, 1743, John William Bellowsfelt. young 
man, from Niewit [Neuwied on the Rhine], dwelling in Amwell, to Anim 
Cath. Kempel, also from Niewit and dwelling here [New York City]. 
Records Collegiate R. D. Church, N. Y. ; had ch. : 

Bellis or Bellowsfelt 263 

(I). WILLIAM BELLESFELD, prob. m. Christina Lesley (?) and had 
(see records Alexandria German Church), 

1. Johann, b. 1763, Feb. 15, bap. Sep. 26. 

2. Conrod, b. 1769, Jan. 6, bap. Mar. 9. 

3. David, b. 1772, Mar. 5, bap. April 21. 

(III). JOHN GEORGE, bap. (Readington Ref . Dutch records), 1742, July 18. 
(IV). JOHN. bap. (same records), 1744, Nov. 25. 

HI. PETER, had will dated 1765, Sept. 28, prob. 1767, Feb. 7, names 

wife, Christeen, prob. dau. Peter Fisher (see will of latter) ; had ch. : 
(II). PETER, prob. b. 1739, d. 1808, April 13, m. Elis. Catherine, b. 1741, 
Sep. 23, d. 1812, April 3 ; he left will dated Knowlton, 1798, April 
28, prob. Newton, 1808, April 21 ; had ch.: 

1. Matthias. 

2. Anthony. 

3. John. 

4. Anna. 

5. Christeena. 

6. Elisabeth. 

7. Mary ; speaks of 400 acres in Catawissy, Penn. 

Peter Bollesfeld and Catherine (see records Lebanon) ; had 
eh.: Peter, b. 1768, Aug. 27; Elisabeth, b. 1770. Sep. 30; Elsa 
Catherine, b. 1774, Sept. 3. 
IV. JOHANNES (John); his wife afterwards m. Phil. Young, whose will 
dated Amwell, 176B, Oct. 12, names " Barnet Bellowsfelt, my wife's son." 
Probably had children : 
(I). BARNET, had at least one son. 

1. John, b. 1756, Aug. 20, d. 1829, Jan. 26, at 73, m. Elisabeth Hol- 
combe, b. 1758, d. 1843, June 4, at 86 ; had ch. : Barnet ; Char- 
lotte ; Eleanor ; Samuel, b. 1787, Sept. 7 ; Rebecca, b. 1789, May 
9 ; Phebe, b. 1798, Dec. 7 ; Urial, b. 1792, Oct. 22 ; George, b. 

1794, Dec. 28 ; John, b. 1797, Mar. 7 , d. 1827, Dec. 29, m. 

Elis. Roberson (dau. Thomas), and had Wesley, Mary and John. 

The following are probably three brothers and the records are from the church 

book of the old German Alexandria (Mt. Pleasant, Warren Co., N. J.,) Church : 

I. PETER, m. Allis or Elisabeth Catherine or Elsie ; had ch. : Peter, b. 

1783, Jan. 28, bap. Dec. 10 ; Anna, b. 1785, April 16, bap. June 15 ; 

Abigail, b. 1787, April 28, bap. Dec. 5 ; Joseph, b. 1792, Aug. 12, bap. 

May 10, 1793 ; Isaac, b. 1795, Nov. 6, bap. Nov. 13. 

II. PHILIP, m. Maria ; had ch. : Maria, b. 1783, Oct. 5, bap. Dec. 10 ; Philip, 

b. 1789, May 1, bap. Aug. 26. 
III. HERBERT, ra. Charity; had ch.: Mary, b. 1797, Nov. 27, bap. 1798, 
Mar. 3; Eva, b. 1798, Sep. 11, bap. 1799, Feb. 28; William, b. 1800, 
Oct. 19, bap. Dec. 15. 

264 Early Germans of New Jersey 

The names of parents of following are not given : Daniel, bap. 1794, Mar. 19 ; 
Catherine, bap. 1794, Mar. 19 ; Elisabeth, bap. 1794, Mar. 19. 


JOHN PETER, "geboren ru Kerzenheim, Grafschaft Bolanden, mit frau und 
Kindern Komen en America, 1731, und Starb Aug. 28, 1748," (tombstone, Still- 
water, Warren Co.); translation: "born at Kerzenheim, Bolanden County, 
came to America with his wife and children, 1731, and died Aug. 28, 1748 ; three 
daughters came with him," (see tombstone of Mary Elis. Wintermute) ; lived 
near Philadelphia until 1742, and then located in the wilderness, where the vil- 
lage of Stillwater now stands ; was the first to be buried in cemetery on the 
lot which he had given for church purposes ; had ch. : 
I. MARY ELISABETH, b. 5 Aug., 1721, d. 15 Feb., 1800, m. John George 
Wintermute ; " Maria Elis. Windemuthin gebohrn Bernhart ist gebohrn 
ano 1721 D. 5 Aug. zv. Kerzenheim in der Grafschaft Bolanden in 
Europa. In America komen mit Vater u. Mutter u. 2 Sehwester ano 
1731 Starb D 15 February ano 1800 Ihr Alter war 78," (tombstone, Still- 
water. Warren Co.) ; translation : " Mary Elis. Wintermuth, born Bern- 
hart, was born in the year 1721 on the 5th of August at Kerzenheim, 
County Bolanden, in Europe. She came to America with her father and 
mother and two sisters in the year 1731 ; she died 15 Feb., 1800. Her age 
was 78." 
II. MART C, b. 1721, (?) d. 1 Dec, 1794, at 73, m. Casper Shafer. 
HI. MRS. JEPTHA ARRISON, m. Arrison, a widower, in 1760 ; had a son 
John, a blacksmith, in Stillwater ; removed to Pennsylvania before Rev- 
olution, but the troubles with the Indians drove them back to Stillwater 
during the Revolutionary War. 
SAMUEL BERNHARD, (or Barnhard), signed Rev. Albert Weygand's call 1749; 
named, as one of trustees, in lease from Ralph Smith for church lands in New 
Germantown, 1749 ; Bigned in English, with others, as one of the elders of New 
Gennantown church, a note for £82 to Baltis Pickle ; perhaps had sons : 
I. MICHEL, m. Margaret and had dau., Maria Elisabeth, b. 2 Dec., 1769. 
H. BERNHARD, a witness to a baptism, 1770. 


CASPAR BERGER was a German stone-mason and redemptioner. He had 
reached New York in 1744, and being sold by the captain of the ship to repay 
the costs of passage, was purchased, for a term of years, by Cornelius Van 
Home, of White House, in Hunterdon County. After he had served three 
years of his time, he obtained his freedom by building three stone houses. One 
of them was for Cornelius Van Home at White House, now owned by Abraham 
Pickle ; and one for Abraham Pickle in the same neighborhood, now owned by 
William Pickle. The third house was probably for Johannes Melick. He died 
in 1817 and left considerable property, including a homestead farm of 400 acres 
at Readington, to his three sons, Aaron, Peter and Jasper, (" Story of an 
Old Farm," p. 142), m. Anna and had children or grandchildren : 
I. NELLA, b. 29 April, 1769. 
H. JOHANNES, b. 14 Dec, 1772. 
HI. AARON, b. 1777. 

Berger — Bird 265 

IV. SUSANNA, b. 2 Oct., 1778. 

V. JASPER, b. 1 May, 1784. 


Bird of Schooley's Mountain. 
THOMAS BIRD and w. Rachel, emigrated from Scotland ; had children : 

I. JOHN, b. 1726, Jan. 36, d. 1804, m. 1756, May 11, Lydia Stilly, b. Swedish 

parents), 1732, Jan. 17, d. 1761 ; lived at Brandywine Head, New Castle 
Co., Md. ; had children: 

(I). THOMAS, b. 1757, Feb. 17, d. 1825, Feb. 20, m. Mary Babb, b. in Pa. 
1768, Sept. 4, d. 1851, Oct. 23 ; had thirteen children : 

1. John, m. Juliann Gimble. 

2. Nancy, m. ll) Jos. Gibson ; (2) John Twaddell. 

3. Lydia, unmarried. 

4. Simpson, unmarried. 
5. ( MAKr, unmarried. 

6. Sarah, m. Jas. Shipley. 

7. Benjamin, died in infancy. 

8. Jacob, rem. to Schooley's Mountain from Maryland and m. Elis- 

abeth Flock, dau. Matthias, b. 3 May, 1811 ; had ch. : 

(1). Mary, m. Joseqh H. Parker. 

(2) . Effdj, died young. 

(3). John, m. (1) Sarah Waek, dau. of Jacob ; (2) Mrs. Ann Kara, 

dau. Jacob Swartz ; had children by first wife : Jacob, m. 

Sarah A. Kara ; Jennie, unmarried ; Kate, unmarried. 
(4). Sarah, m. Wm. Wiley, s. of John. 
(5). Julia Ann, m. Robert T. S. Durham. 
(6). William Flock, m. Frances Hoffman. 

9. William, m. Juliann Gray. 

10. Rebecca, m. Wm. G. Smith. 

11. Thomas J., unmarried. 

12. Juliann C. M., unmarried. 

13. Rachel H., m. George T. Gartwell. 
(ID. REBECCA, m. John Coldwell. 


in. ELISABETH, m. McClintock. 

IV. RACHEL, m. Reynolds. 

V. REBECCA, m. Bratton. 

VI. SARAH, m. Elijah Hutton. 

PETER BABB, m. Mary Lucas ; 'came from Wales ; had ch. : 
I. SAMPSON, m. Ann Way. had ch.: 

(I). MARY, m. Thomas Bird, s, of John. 
(1H). JOHN. 
(V). JACOB. 

266 Early Germans of New Jersey 

Bird of Fairmount. 
THOMAS BIRD, owned two lots near store at Fainnount, m. Margaret Hoover ; 
had children, (order uncertain) : 

I. JOHN, m. Caroline Beam ; had ch. : 

(I). CATHERINE, m. James Thomas, (German Valley). 
(II). MART, m. Nathan Schuyler, (Calif on). 
(III). JAMES, m. Elisabeth Convil, (Fairmount). 
(TV). RANCE, m. Catherine Ader, (Middle Valley). 
(V). MARTHA, m. William M'Glocken, (Fairmount). 
(VI). ZOFIE, m. Jacob Lommerson, (Spruce Run). 
(VII). JOHN, m. Rosanna Cupboard, (Middle Valley). 
(VIII). WILLIAM, m. Elisabeth Seals, (Fairmount). 

(IX). HARVEY, m. Elmira Beam ; four died young. 
II. MARY, b. 3 July, 1806. 

III. ANDREW, m. Elisabeth Lay. 

IV. THOMAS, m. Sarah Johnson. 

V. CATHERINE, b. 10 Nov., 1808, m. Morris Bird. 
VI. BARBARA, m. Philip Beam. 
VII. ANNA, m. John Sutton. 
VIII. ELISABETH, m. Thomas Beam, s. of John. 
IX. JANE, m. Henry Beam. 
X. PETER, S., b. 5 Oct., 1810, m. Kate Hoover. 


JOHN BLOM (Bloom or Blum), was naturalized by act of Assembly in N. J., 
1738-9 ; will dated Mansfield, 23 Dec., 1788, prob. 3 April, 1793, names children : 




V. MERCY, and granddaus. Hannah Baul (Paul ? ) and Rachel Brown. 
PETER BLOOM, prob. brother of John ; elder 1772 in Alexandria Church, Mount 
Pleasant. Hunterdon Co., N. J. ; prob. had ch. : 
I. PETER, m. Eva ; had ch. : 
(I). EVE, b. 19 Aug., 1764. 
(II). HERBERT, b. 13 July, 1767. 
(III). PAUL, b. 13 March, 1769. 
(TV). ANNA, b. 26 Jan., 1771. 

(V). JOHN, b. 23 Oct., 1772, m. Mary, b. 8 July, 1773, d. 1 July, 1852 ; 
had ch. : 

1. Elisabeth, b. 10 Oct., 1794, d. 20 Dec, 1794. 

2. Godfrey, b. 8 Dec, 1795, d. 27 May, 1796. 

3. Ann, b. 12 April, 1798, d. 7 Feb., 1833. 

4. Sarah, b. 4 Feb., 1801. 

5. John, b. 16 Aug., 1803, d. 4 April, 1847. 

6. Charity, b. 9 Sept., 1805, d. 22 Feb., 1834. 

7. Peter, b. 13 March, 1809 ; twin. 

8. Matilda, b. 13 March, 1809 ; twin. 

9. Effie, b. 19 March, 1812. 

Bloom — Bodine 267 

(VT)., JACOB, b. 8 Aug., 1774. 
(VII). CHRISTOPHER, b. 10 Sept., 1779. 
II. WTLHELM ("William), confirmed Alexandria Ger. Ref. Ch., 19 May, 1771. 

III. ADAM, confirmed, Alexandria, 6 Aug., 1775. 

IV. JOHN, confirmed, Alexandria, 6 Aug., 1775. 

Miscellaneous — Rev. Hermadnus Blom preached at Wiltwyek, (Kingston!, 
N. Y., to the Dutch Reformed for the first time, 17 Aug., 1659, and organized the 
church there. Claes Barentse Blom and Jan Barentse Blom, take the oath 
of allegiance, Kings Co., N. Y., 26-30 Sept., 1687. BARNE BLOOME, at Flush- 
ing, 1698, has ch. : Garrett and Johannis. Simon and Barent Blom subscribe 
to building a church at Jamaica, L. I., in 1715. Jacob Frederixsen, m. in N. Y. 
23 Sept., 1697, Mayken Jansen Bosch. Frederick, m. in N. Y., 1 Dec., 1700. 
Annetje Montagnie. who remarries, 1710, Nov. 25. Adrian Janse Blom, m. in N. 
Y., 11 Oct., 1705, Annetje Tysse. 


JEAN BODINE ("Jean Boudin, fugitive de Medit"), was born in France, at the 
village of Medis, near the southern shore of Saintonge, along the Gironde, and 
was naturalized in London, October 14, 1681, along with his second wife, Esther 
Bridon, (dau. Francis) . He died on Staten Island as early as 1695, leaving a 
daughter, Marianne, and a son, Jean. Jean Bodine's will, dated January 7, 
1707, mentions his brothers, Eleazor and Francis, and his sisters, Esther and 
Mary. {Baird'3 Huguenot Emigration, Vol. H, pages 38, 39.) The original 
spelling was Bodin or Boudin. In America it soon began to be spelled Bodien 
and Bodein, and finally Bodine. Jean Bodine was one of the ablest political 
thinkers of France during the sixteenth century. See Encyclopedia Brittanica, 
Ninth Edition, article, Bodin, John, and BayWs Dictionary, article, Bodinus, 
Joannes. (See also Wills, N. Y., V., 101 ; VII., 312 ; VI., 88 ; VII., 147). 
I. JEAN, will, dated 3 Jan. , 1707, gives us the names of his brothers and sisters. 
II. MARIANNE, m. Jean Abelin. 
TV. ELIAZOR, [Eliezer]. 
V. FRANCIS, perhaps had the following children, who may have removed 
from Staten Island to New Jersey.: 
(I). ISAAC, member ch. North Branch, 1720, (abt.), m. Engeltje ; had ch. : 

1. Janitien, bap. 30 April, 1707. 

2. Frederick, bap. 26 April, 1709, m. Saartje [Sarah] Rappelyea ; 

had ch. bap. at Readington : 

(1). Isaac, bap. 28 May, 1739. 

(2). Saertie, [Sarah) bap. 8 March, 1740. 

(3). Marytie, [Mary] bap. 19 Oct., 1746. 

3. Kataleyn, [Catherine] bap. 2 Nov., 1711. 

4. Isaac, bap. 18 May, 1715. 

5. Abraham, bap. 31 July, 1717. 

6. Elisabeth, bap. 13 Oct., 1719. 

7. Hester, bap. 25 Dec., 1723. 

8. Jacob, bap. 18 Aug., 1723, [1725 ? ]. 

9. Petrus, bap 3 Sept., 1727. These two last were children of Isaac 

268 Early Germans of New Jersey 

and Engeltje, prob. a second wife. 
(II). JACOB, m. Leibetje [Elisabeth]; had ch.: 

1. Jacob, bap. 4 April, 1719. 

2. Catherine, bap. 7 May, 1721. 

3. Cornelis, bap. 29 Sept., 1723. 

4. Antje, bap. 11 Aug., 1726. 

(III). PETER, at Three Mile Run, Somerset Co., 1720, m. Merritje ; had ch. : 

1. Jan, bap. 30 April, 1712. 

2. Davit, [David], bap. 3 April, 1717. 
(IV). ABRAHAM, m. Adriantje Janse : had ch. : 

1. Catrina, bap. 4 April, 1725, m. Lodewyck Hardenbrook. 

2. Peter, bap. 11 Dec, 1726, m. first, Marytie ; second, Judick, dau. 

Abraham Bodine and wid. Sam. Willemse ; had at least dau. 
Betsey, b. 18 Sept., 1753, d. 18 Nov., 1825, m. Folkert Douw. 

3. John, bap. 6 Sept., 1730, m. Femmetje Voorhees ; descend'ts at 

Plainfleld, N. J., and Seneca and Cayuga Lakes, N. Y. 

4. Abraham, bap. 13 April, 1733. 

5. Judick, bap. 20 April, 1735, b. Mar. 17, m. John Thomson, b. 15 

April, 1720. 

6. Isaac, bap. 10 July, 1737. 

7. Ouken, bap. 18 Nov., 1739. 

8. Arriantje, bap. 18 Nov., 1741. 

9. Maria, bap. 10 June, 1744. 

(V). JOHN, said to have-been at North Branch, 1727 ; had at least Abra- 
ham, who may have been the son of Isaac. 
1. Abraham, m. Mary Low, dau. Cornelius ; will, 1769, June 14, 
prob. July 3 ; had ch. : 
(1). John, bap. 15 April, 1743. 

(2). Judick, bap. 31 March, 1745, m. Peter Bodine, s. of Abram. 
(3). Mary. 

(4). Catalyntje, [Catharine] bap. 3 Sept., 1749. 
(5). Jane. 

(6). Sarah, bap. 10 Aug., 1753. 

(7). Cornelius, bap. Nov., 1755, d. 12 June, 1820 ; his wife d. 13 
Nov., 1824 ; served in Revolutionary War and was in the 
battle of Monmouth. After the birth of bis third child in 
1785, having lost much of his property by the depreciation 
of the Continental currency, he went to the borough of 
Muney, Pa., where bis other children were born. In 1802 he 
removed thence to Ovid, in Seneca County, New York, 
where he died ; had ch. : 
(a). Abraham, bap. 19 Sept., 1779, at Readington, N. J., d. 23 
Dec, 1862, near Hughesville, Pa., where his descendants 
still live, m. first, Mercy Paxon, by whom he had five chil- 
dren ; second, Barbara Cruze, by whom he had but one 
child. He had John, Elisabeth, Charles, Margaret, George, 
(b). Peter, bap. 25 March, 1781, at Readington, N. J., d. 1843 at 

Ovid, N. Y., where his descendant* stall live, 
(c). John, bap. 1 Jan., 1785, at Readington, N. J., d. 1846, at 

Bodine — Bowman 369 

Wayne Hotel, Steuben Co., New York, leaving numerous 
(d). Cornelius, b. 1787 in Penn., d. 23 Dec., 1865, at Iceland-* iile, 

Schuyler Co., N. Y., leaving many descendants, 
(e). Gilbert, b. 1790, in Penn., d. 20 Jan., 1854, near Ovid, N. 

Y., having descendants mostly in Iowa. 
(f). Isaac, b. 1794, in Penn., d. 24 Feb., 1840 at Ovid, N. Y., 
leaving one child, who has descendants in Illinois and 
ig). Charles, died a babe, 26 Jan., 1796. 

(h). George, b. 8 Jan., 1798, in Penn., d. 15 May, 1868, at Ovid, 

K. Y., on the homestead, where his eight children were 

born, in which vicinity most of his descendanta live. 

GILBERT, was a grandson prob. of Isaac of North Branch, b. 1761, d. 21 Aug., 

1838, lived Chester twp., Morris Co.; buried in Pleasant H3H cemetery, near 

Chester, Morris Co., m. Catherine Dean, dau. John ! , b. 1767, Sept. 18, d. 9 

Feb., 1851 ; had ch. : 

(1). Elisabeth, b. 1787, d. 26 Sept., 1847, m. Christopher Trim- 
mer, s. of Jacob. 
(2). Elsie, b. 9 Nov., 1791, m. Matthias Trimmer, s. of Jacob. 
(3). Mary, m. Monroe Hopkins. 
(4). Jane, m. Joshua Salmon 
(5). William. 
Miscellaneous — Cornelius, Francis, Abraham, Polly and Isaac, traded with 
John Peter Nitzer, the storekeeper at German Valley, as early as 1763. In New 
York, 21 Aug., 1736, Hester Bodyn was married to Cornelius Brouwer, and 5 Aug., 
1737, John Bodine to Catharina Bensen. 


The BOWMAN, (Bouwman, Bauman or, Bouman) family prob. came from the 
Palatinate. In 1720, Nov. 12, Susanna Bowman from the Palatinate, Germany, 
was married to William Butler in New York. In 1720, Nov. 26, the widow of 
Jacob Bouwman, of Hackensack, Christina Huisman, was married in N. Y. 
to George Myserrie. 
THOMAS and wife Neeltje were members in 1717 of the Reformed Dutch Church 
of New Brunswick, called the "Church of the River and Lawrence Brook." 
They prob. had children. : 
L THOMAS, bap. at Somerville, 31 July, 1717. In 1733, Thomas is an elder 
of Readington Reformed Dutch Church ; had ch. : 
(I). NEELTJE, [Cornelia] bap. 23 July, 1749. 

II). JAN, [John] bap. 22 Oct., 1752 ; prob. married Rebecca and had at 
least one child, Chbistena, bap. Readington, 17 Oct., 1784. 
LL CORNELIUS, m. Maritje [Mary Bonsevel]; had ch.: 
(I). NEELTJE, bap. Readington, 13 April, 1739. 
(LT). REBECCA, bap. Readington, 29 Sept, 1748. 
(LTD. MARIA, bap. Readington, 28 April, 1751. 
(IV). CORNELIUS, bap. Readington, 11 March, 1753. 
(V). THOMAS, m. Lena Tufen ; had ch.: 

1. Cornelius, bap. Readington, 9 March, 1777. 

270 Early Germans of New Jersey 

2. John, bap. Readington, 13 Nov., 1785. 
m. PESTER, m. Margrietje [Margaret]; had ch. : 

(I). DEBORA, bap. Readington, 8 March, 1740. 
IT JORI8, [George! m. Jannetje, [Jane] Scholl ; had ch. : 
(I). ELSJE, [Elsie], bap. Readington, 5 May, 1745. 
(II). THOMAS, perhaps the s. of Peter, m. Jannetje ; had ch. : 

1. Catte, [Catherine] bap. Readington, 4 May, 1777. 

2. Ragel, [Rachel] bap. Readington, 17 April, 1785. 
(HI). JOHN, perhaps s. of Peter, m. Rebecca ; had ch. : 

1. Christina, bap. Readington, 17 Oct., 1784. 
(TV). GEORGE, m. Elsa ; had ch. : 

1. Jacob, b. 19 Nov., 1771 or 2. 

2. Hakes, [John] b. 30 April, 1774. 

3. Philip, b. 7 Sept., 1776. 

4. Peter, b. 10 Aug., 1778. 

(V). HENRY, on John Peter Nitzer's ledger at German Valley, 1763. 
Perhaps had ch. : 

1. Cornelius, b. 18 July, 1778, d. 17 Oct., 1836, m. Ahly (Alevia or 

Olivia), b. 1776, d. 1857, at 81 ; the former, buried at Chester, 
Morris Co., the latter at Spruce Run ; had ch., bap. at Lebanon : 
(1). Deborah, b. 14 Aug., 1802. 
(2). Henbt, b. 21 Dec., 1804. 

2. Jacob, m. Margaret ; had ch., bap. at German Valley: 

(1). Anna, b. 26 Aug., 1790. 
(VI). PETER, who may have been the son of George ; he had at least the 
following children (order uncertain) : 

1. Susan, m. Peter Winters. 

2. Jane, m. Stephen Swackhamer. 

3. Betsey, b. 1781 , d. 1864 at about 83. 

4. Anchi, m. a Welsh ; res. near Easton. 

5. John, removed to Ohio. 

6. Lambert Bowman, kept tavern at G. V. and Readington, m. first 

> Cowl, (or Caul) ; second, Sophia Neighbor, (dau. of Leon- 
ard 2d and widow of Jacob L. Hager) ; bought 20 Dec, 1803, of 
Wm. Neiser, tavern in German Valley; had three children by 
first wife and five by the second : 

(1). John, m. Betsey Wandling; res. at Brass Castle, Warren 
Co. ; had ch. : 
(a). Adah, m. Jane Boyd ; res. at Washington, N. J.; had 
ch. : Logan, m. a Shultz ; Samuel ; Mary, unmarried. 
(b). Elisabeth, unmarried. 
(c). Maroaret, m. Joseph Thompson. 
(2). Elisabeth, m. Daniel Ulp, who rem. to New York State 
from Washington, N. J. ; had ch. : Sophia Ulp, m. a Bay- 
ler ; John Ulp, m. a Rockefellar ; Jane Ulp, m. Benjamin 
Creveling ; Elisabeth Ulp. m. an Albert. 
(3). Susan, m. Philip Henn, s. of Philip, who m. a Groff for his 
second wife ; res. above Washington, N. J. ; had 2 daugh- 
ters, Sophia Henn and Susan Henn. 
(4). Leonard Neighbor, (first child by second wife), m. Mar- 

Bowman 271 

garet Rockefeller, dau. of John ; res. at Pittetown, N. J. ; 
had eh. : 
(a). John, unm ; a millwright ; killed in the late war. 
(b). Lambert, m. Nettie Cool and had 2 daughters, Dora, m. 
and res. at Flainfield ; Margaret, m. a Randolph and 
res. near Flemington ; his monument in Flemington 
cemetery reads, "Lambert Boeman, Major in 15 
Reg J t, N. J. Vols., fell in the battle of Cedar Creek, Ya., 
at the head of his command, as acting Colonel of the 
10th N. J., on the 19th of Oct., 1864. in his 32d year. 
Erected by personal friends by permission of the family. " 
(c). Ann, m. James Switzer. 

id). Elisabeth, m. a Young ; res. at Doylestown, Pa. 
le). Mart, m. Moses Stryker. is. of Larry of Pittstown). 
if). Jane. m. and res. at Mi) ford, 
tg). George, m. and settled near Philadelphia. 
(5). Jean. b. 13 May, 1803, m. Joseph Cougle, s. of Joseph. 
{6). Davtd Welsh, b. 18 March, 1S08, m. Mary Siegler, dau. of 
Peter ; res. at G. V. and Pattenberg : had ch. : 
(a). Sieglxr, a sea captain who res. at Philadelphia, 
lb). George, rem. to Illinois, married and has a family, 
(c) . Jane, m. Jacob Stiers and res. near Clinton. 
(7). Peter, m. Naomi Shipman ; res. at Washington ; had ch. : 
Leonard X.; Mary, m. John Pearter ; Sarah, m. Joseph 
(8). Nicholas Neighbor, b. 6 Nov., 1812, d. 22 July, 1882, m. 
Margaret Ann Lerch, [dau. of Anthony, of Greenwich, 
Warren Co.), b. 30 June, 1813, still living and has given 
all the information herein contained of Lambert Bowman's 
family ; had ch. : 
1a). Elisabeth, b. 1838, m. Chauncey Dexter ; rem. to New 

York State, 
(b). Lambert, b. 1840, died at 23. 
ic). Christie Osmun, b. 1842, unmarried, died at 28. 
(d). Anna Sophia, b. 1847, m. John Freeh, and had Fred., 

Maud and Paul. 
(e). Talmage, b. 1848, died young. 

if). Isaac Luther, b. Nov., 1850, died at 36 ; unmarried. 
Ig). Jennie Luella, b. 1854, m. Will. Hackett,s. of William; 

have a son Frank Hackett. 
(h). Theodore R., b. 1858, m. Annie Crammer, dau. of David 
G. ; res. at Annandale : has three children living out 
of eight, viz. : Walter, Luella and Stella. 
Miscellaneous — Pieter, m. in N. Y. 25 Nov., 17:50, Aaltje Van Pelt ; Thomas, 
m. in N. Y. 15 June, 1740. Rebecca Omand : Mary Bowman, wife of Nathan, d. 
25 April, 1853, at 59 years. 6 months and 19 days ; buried at Chester, Morris Co. 

Records of Lebanon Baptisms :— Peter and Catharine have children: (1). 
Thomas, b. 29 May, 1795 ; (2). Altge, b. 22 May, 1799 ; (3). John, b. 19 May, 1801 ; 
(4). Rachel, b. 8 Nov., 1803; (5). Elisabeth Bryant, b. 5 Aug., 1806. Peter and 
Christina have eh. : Thomas, b. 29 May, 1795. Thomas and Jean have eh.: (1). 

272 Early Germans of New Jersey 

Nelly, b. 22 April, 1798 ; (2). Sarah, b. 27 Feb., 1800 ; (3). Maria, b. 20 May, 1787. 
John and Christina have ch. : Anna, b. 30 Nov., 1799. William and Elisabeth 
have ch. : Celinda, b. 27 Jan. 1818. NELLY, m. 9 June, 1815, Peter H of man, at 
New Germantown. 


JOHN BROWN, who d. 1690 in Essex Co., was from Milford, Conn., and was the 

ancestor of a large number of families in New Jersey. 
RICHARD, b. in England, d. at Southold, L. I., 16 Oct., 1655 ; had one son, 
RICHARD 2d, d. 1686-7 ; 1659 had home lot, &c, at Southold ; 1683, Richard, 
Senior and Junior, assessed on £386 ; 1686, Lieut. Richard has 4 males and 4 
females in family ; 1686-7 gives deeds to sons, William, Jonathan, 2d child, and 
Walter, the 4th. 
I. RICHARD 3d, m. Dorothy King, 8 May, 1683, who d. Feb., 1774 (?) ; had 
children : 

(I). RICHARD, JR., 4th, b. 1684, d. between 1765-71, m. Ann. Youngs, 
1704-5, b. 1683, d 23 Nov., 1748 at 65 ; his will, 15 Aug., 1765, prob. 
7 Sept., 1771, N. Y.; had ch.: Richard, b. about 1705; Henry; 
Mehitable ; Dorothy ; Peter, b. 1719, d. 1747 at 28 ; Christopher, b. 
1714, d. 1739 at 25 ; Anna, b. 1745, d. 1753 at 8. 
(II). SAMUEL, m. Mary; dated his will 31 May, 1711, at 20 ; had 2 daus. 
OH). DOROTHY, m. Jona Young, 1708-9. 

(IV). HENRY, m. Mary Paine (?| ; will 14 Feb., 1774, prob. 30 April, 1781 ; 
had ch. : Henry ; Peter ; Richard ; Anna, who m. a Hallock ; 
Nathan Paine, d. 1745, at 40 : .Anna, d. 1743-4 at 17 ; Mary, d. 
1743-4 at 7, and a daughter who m. a Paine. 
(V). JOSEPH, by tradition the s. of Israel, d. 1751, m. Dorothy Tuthill, s. 
of John ; had ch. : Benjamin ; Hannah, m. Jos. Youngs ; Mary, 
m. a King ; Selah ; Jeremiah ; Joshua ; Dorothy, m. a Brown. 
II. JONATHAN, d. 18 Sept., 1704 ; gave ten deeds from 1686-1703, m. Eliza ; 
hadch. : Jonathan, b. 1653, d. 19 Aug., 1710, at 57 ; Eliza, Jr., m. John 
Tuthill and d. 1750 ; Hannah, m. Jonathan Havens, 1 Jan. 1706-7 ; 
Rachel ; Daniel (i) prob. had son Daniel, Jr. 

III. WILLIAM, m. Catherine, who d. 1739 ; 1686, had 2 males and 1 female ; 

his will prob. 1732, N. Y., had ch : William, Jr., b. 8 Nov., 1684 ; John, 
d. Nov., 1705 ; m. Elisabeth and had Asa, Benjamin, Zuviah; Walter, 
m. first, Abigail, who d. 5 Oct., 1721 ; second, Mary Youngs, 1723-4, who 
d. 14 April, 1735 ; third, Mehitable Horton in 1743 ; Silvanus, m. Heziah 
Carter in 1716-7 and had Jonathan, who d. 1748 at 25 ; David, m. Elisa- 
beth and his (?) will, prob. N. Y., 1756, names Peter, Elisabeth, (Bishop), 
Reuben, Nathan, David, William, Obadiah ; Mary, perhaps m. William 
Coleman, 1724 ; and after 1698, Elijah and Thomas. 

IV. WALTER, m. Jane Mappon and had dau. Jane, w. Thos. Moore ; perhaps 

had three children, John, David and Walter, who went to Roxbury, 
Morris Co., N. J., before 1742. The above genealogy of the Southold 
family is taken largely from Moore's Indexes of Southold, and while 
evidently faulty is the best that can be procured. 
(I). JOHN, overseer of highway, Roxbury twp., Morris Co., N. J., 1745 ; 

letters of adm. of estate of John of Morris Co., granted to Jacob 

Ford, 18 Nov., 1755 ; no trace of descendants. 

Brown — Buchanan 273 

(H). DAVTD, will, Roxbury, 17T7, June 12, prob. June 16, names wife 
Sarah and three sons and four daughters : 

1. Stephen. 

2. Peter, will, Roxbury, 1797, May 6, prob. Sept. 27, (Trenton, Lab. 

37), names wife Catharine and children : Aaron, David Hull, 
Peter, Ltdia,, Betsie ; the last four not yet 18. 

3. David, will prob. 19 March, 1823; res. Chester twp., Morris Co., 

N. J. ; had children, A a ron, m. Betsy King ; David Jr. ; Arnold 
m. Betsy Topping (dau. William) ; Catherine, b. 20 April, 1780, 
d. 11 March, 1859, m. Col. Benj. McCurry (s. Malcolm I) ; Adah, 
m. Wm. Ming, from Phila. ; Trustum Hull ; Mahlon ; Lewis. 
who had two sons, Benjamin McCoury, m. Mary Williamson, and 
Charles, m. Mary Anson ; Robert ; Catherine, m. PhiL Welsh ; 
Ltd la B., m. a Lawrence. 

4. Walter, 1750, overseer highway, Roxbury twp. ; his will, prob. 

Knowlton, Sussex Co., N. J., 20 Dec. 1771, names wife Joanna 
and 12 children : Caleb, Walter, Jeremiah, Obadiah, Samuel, 
yathan, Danieljsrael, Joanna, Penelope, Mehitable, Experience. 

5. Pain, came to New Jersey from Long Island after his marriage 

and is said to have been a brother i !) of David ; b. 1742, d. 1 Dec. , 

1812, at 70, m. Ann Halsey, sister of Zachariah DeCamp's wife, 

(met at Pain's house and afterwards married), b. 1751, d. 21 Nov., 

1822, at 71 ; had ch. : Hilah, b. 1787, d. 30 May, 1790, at 3 ; Elias, 

b. 1790, d. 7 Jan., 1794, at 4 ; Henri/ Halsey; Experience, m. Phil. 

Backer: Anna, m. Geo. Teeple ; Abigail, b. 1777, d. 16 March. 1824, 

at 47; Mary ; Clarissa ; Mehitable, b. 1799. d. 10 April, 1829, at 30. 

Miscellaneous— William, whose will (Lib. 4 of deeds), 1702, Dec. 10, names 

sons-in-law Isaac and Joseph Ogden ; Arthur admin, of est. of his father John, 1 

Jan., 1719. Arthur, whose will, 1757, March 13. prob. April 27, names ch. : Jane. 

Mary, Isabel and "babes." Hewdrick, whose will "Second River." Somerset Co.. 

4 Jan., 1745, prob. 1 April, 1757, names wife Margaret and ch.: Hendnck. John, 

Elisabeth, Cadmus, Las. Manderfield, Saiche Kerstead. Sanko Woutess, Alcho Sipp. 

granddaughter. Margaret King, and grandson. Jacobus, prob. son of Hendnck. 

John, whose will, Middletown, Middlesex Co., 1771, Sept. 17, prob. Oct. 14. names 

wife Jemima and ch. : William, Ephraim, Jemima, Mehitable, Desire. Hannah, 

Daniel, Mary. Samuel, of Bernards twp., Somerset Co., whose will, 1763. June 17. 

prob. 22 Dec., names wife Mary and brothers Isaac, Aaron, Benoni, James and half 

brother, Henry Hains and half sister, Rebecca Hains. James, whose will, Twix- 

berry (Tewksberry, Hunterdon Co.), 2 May, 1760, prob. 25 May, 1764, names wife 

Margaret and ch. : James, Robert, Joseph, Solomon : witnesses Sam. Barkley, 

John Todd and David Carlisle. James, whose will, Knowlton, 8 April, 1775, prob. 

16 Oct., 1793, names wife Sarah and ch. : John ; James; Martha, wife of Henry 

Brugler ; Sarah, wife of Ralph Brugler ; Charity : Daniel. 


ELIAS BUCHANAN, probably the one whose name appears on Flemington 
records of 1754. First came from Scotland and settled near Changewater, 
Warren Co. ; had ch. : 

I. WILLIAM, m. Rebecca Cormick. of German or Holland descent ; had ch. : 
(I). JAMES, m. Charlotte Hoffman, dau. of Fred, and Mamie Hotrum ; 

274 Early Germans of New Jersey 

had ch. 

1. Elias. m. Mariah E. Sutton. (Naughright) . 

2. Caroline, m. Peter Teete, b. Peter R., (Fainnount). 
S. Elisabeth, m. Samuel Trimmer, (Harlem). 

4. ANNIE, m. John Apgar, (Newark). 

5. Jab. Lance, m. Sarah Ellen Dig , dau. Alpheus and Mary E. Phil- 

bower, (Stanhope). 

6. Amanda, m. Robert S. Cox, (Peapack). 

7. William, m. Amm Hoffman. 

(LT.) WILLIAM, m. Ann Sharp, dau. Morris. 
(HI). ELIAS, went West. 
(IV). PHILIP, went West. 

(V). RALPH, went to sea on a " whaler." 
(VI). MART, died young. 


Buddb of Long Island. 
JOHN and JOSEPH BUDD, sons of one Thomas Budd, or John Budd, came to 

New Haven about the year 1632. Joseph was born about 1620. 
JOHN BTJDD, d. 1670, m. Kathleen Brown ; removed from New Haven to South- 
old, L. I., thence to Rye, Westchester Co., N. T., in 1661 ; in 1663 was deputy 
from Rye to General Court of Conn. ; bo't in 1661, Nov. 8, Apawquamus, or 
Budd's Neck, of an Indian named Shamarocke. Hi a will, 1669, Oct. 13, men- 
tions only John, Joseph and Judith Brown ; had ch. : 

I. JOHN, b. in England, 1620, d. 1684, Nov. 5. m. Mary ; will prob. 1684, 

Nov. 12 ; hadch.: 

(I). JOHN, d. 1754, Feb. 21 ; lived at Southold. His will names : 

1. John. 

2. Benjamin. 

3. Asa. 

4. William. 

5. Hannah Moore. 

6. Mehitabli: Tuttle. 

7. Anne Hosmer. 

8. Rhoda Youngs. 

9. Mart Dimond. 
10. Jemima Reed. 

(II). JOSEPH, lived in Westchester. 
(III). MARY, m. Christopher Youngs. 
(IV). HANNAH, m. Jonathan Hart ; lived in Westchester. 

(V). ANN, m. Benj. Horton. 
(VI). SARAH, m. Benj. Conkling. 
II. JUDITH, m. (1) John Ogden ; (2) Francis Brown. 

III. ANNE, m. Benj. Horton, s. of Barnabas. 

IV. JANE, m. Joseph Horton, s. of Barnabas. 

V. JOSEPH, d. 1722, m. Sarah or Mary Horton, dau. Barnabas ; in 1720 ob- 
tained patent for tract known as Budd's Neck ; will dated May 22, and 
prob. June 28, 1722 ; had ch. : 
(I). JOHN, m. Mary L' Estrange, dau. of Daniel ; came to Chester 

BUDD 275 

about 1740 ; had ch. : 
1. Daniel, b. 1722, July 22, d. 1806, Dec. 24, m. Mary Purdy, b. 1728, 
d. 1801, Aug. 5 ; had ch. : 

(1). John, b. 1762, April 5, m. Julianor Dickerson, dau. of Abra- 
ham, b. 1761, Nov. 22 ; had ch. : 
(a). Hannah, b. 1778, Jan. 30, m. Ralph Hunt, s. of Ralph, 

(b). Abigail, b. 1786, March 26, m. John Kinnan. 
(c). Abb. Dickerson, b. 1790, Feb. 10, m. Margaret F. Goble. 
(d). Daniel Pttrdy, b. 1792, April 22. 
(e). Elisabeth, b. 1794, Sept. 2, m. Joshua Coleman. 
(f). John, b. 1796, Oct. 11, m. Sarah Drake, 
(g). Julianor, b. 1799, Feb. 26, m. Richard Salmon. 
(h). Mahlon, b. 1802, Feb. 29, m. Effle Fancher. 
(2). William, went to Western Pennsylvania. 
(3). Elisabeth, m. John Stark, Hardening, N. Y. 
(4). Joseph, b. 1775, July 15, d. 1827, June 18, m. Joanna Swayze, 
dau. of Isaac and Bethia Lance, b. 1775, April 20, d. 1846, 
March 4 ; had ch. : 
(a). Gilbert, b. 1798, May 6, m. (1) Mary Alpock, dau. of 
John, and (2) Melinda Lewis, dau. of David ; had eight 
children : Joseph, b. 1822, Oct. 11, and m. Catherine 
Carlisle ; John, b. 1824, Nov. 3 ; David, b. 1827, Aug. 
9 ; William, b. 1830, Sept. 25 ; Isaac, b. 1833, Jan. 21 ; 
Mary Ann, b. 1836. May 3 ; Gilbert, b. 1839, Aug. 3 ; 
Isabella, b. 1841, Dec. 1. 
(b). Isabella, m. John R. Swayze. 
(c). Isaac, b. 1800. d. 1850, June 5, m. Katie Hopkins. 
(d). Daniel, m. Mary Hunt, dau. of John, b. 1818, Aug. 22. 
(5). Daniel, (Chester). 

(6). Hannah, m. Swayze. 

(7). Mary, m. Hull. 

(8). Dorothy, m. Gilbert Young, (went West). 

2. Elijah, m. Ursula Sine. 

3. Hannah, m. Hacheliah Purdy. 

4. Mary, m. Caleb Horton. 

5. Joseph, m. a Budd and had Shabad, John and Mary. 

6. John, went to Kentucky. 

7. Dnderhill, unmarried. 

8. Sallie, m. Thomas Sawyer. 

9. Gilbert, M. D., surgeon 30 years in British Army. 
10. Abigail. 

(IB. JOSEPH, wiB dated 1761, Sept. 18 ; prob. 1763, May 2 ; m. Anne , 
had ch. : 

1. Joseph. 

2. Nicholas. 

3. Underhill. 

4. Ann. 

5. Sarah, ra. John Rue, of Dutchess Co. 

(ILT). ELISHA, will dated 1765, Sept. 11 ; prob. 1766, July 2, m. Ann Lyon; 

276 Early Germans of New Jersey 

had ch. : 

1. Jonathan. 

2. James. 

3. Mariant 

4. Sarah, m. Hezekiah Purdy . 

5. Ann Bbown. 

C. Phebe T ttfatt. 
(IV). UNDERHILL, b. 1705, d. 1765, m. Sarah Fowler ; had ch. : 

1. Tamar. 

2. Gilbert. 
8. Mary. 

4. Sarah, m. Andrew Lyon. 

Budds of Burlington. 
THOMAS BDDD, Rector Martosh Parish, Somersetshire, England, became a min- 
ister among Friends about 1657. (From a pamphlet by Maj. Enos G. Budd, 
re-arranged and supplemented) . He had children : 
I. THOMAS, arrived Burlington, 1668, and again with his family in 1678 ; 
removed to Philadelphia, 1690, d. 1697 ; will prob. 1697, Sept. 9, m. Su- 
sanna ; had ch. : 

(1). JOHN, will made when he was "very old," dated 1749, March 20 ; 
prob. 1749, Sept. 6 ; will mentions wile, Sarah, and sons Barne and 
Thomas, and speaks of land, e. g., 700 acres " Pine Hannock on west 
side Whippanong river ;" also ' ' present farm both sides Black brook 
and all my lands in Long Valley ; land held under our brother 
John Cosens." William Budd was one of witnesses to the will. His 
widow, Sarah, then the wife of John Scott, of Hanover, made her 
will 1756, July 8 ; prob. 1780, July 26 ; gave to " all my children ;" 
had ch. . 

1. John, to Charleston, S. C, before Revolution. 

2. Thomas, unmarried, (blown up in a war vessel) . 

3. William, went to England. 

4. Barne, had ch. : 

(1). John C, M. D., m. (1) Mary Lum. dan. Moses: (2) widow 
Betsey Cobert ; closed up law suits over leased lands in 
Hunterdon and Morris counties ; had ch : 
(a). Berne W.,M. D., m. Catherine Reynolds, dau. of David; 

had 4 ch. : Elisabeth, m. Thos. Gallaudet ; David R. ; 

Berne R.; Charles A. 
(b). John S.. m. Charlotte Ward, dau. of Aaron M. ; had ten 

ch. : John C, m. Bridget Warren ; Thomas D.; Nancy 

A.; Sylvester I.; Stephen; Caroline E.; Ellen Day; 

Ludlow Day ; George S ; Mary E. 
(c). Vincent B., m. (1) Nancy Ward, and (2) Jane Hancock, 

dau. of Rev. John ; had four ch.: By 1st wife, Thomas 

Bond ; Melissa Ward ; by 2d wife, Jane Hancock ; 

Benjamin Ward. 
(d). Joanna Vaste, m. (1) Parrott Reynolds, s. of William ; 

(2) Noble Barry. 
(e). Caroline. 
(f). Mart, m. John Meeker, s. of Daniel. 


(g). Phkbk. m. (1) Edwin Tryon ; (2) 

(h). Susan Amanda, m. Ambro Bruen, s. of Carter. 

(i). Jane C, m. Israel Dickerson, s. of Brainerd. 

(j). Eliza, m. Stewart Marsh, s. of John T. 

Ik), Sarah, in. George Servin. 
(2). William. 
(3). David. 
(4). Sarah. 

5. Susan, m. Stewart, (StewartsvUle, N. J.) 

6. Catherine. 

(IV). ROSE. 
II. WILLIAM, b. 1649, d. 1722 at 73 ; Judge, Burlington Co.; had eh.: 
(D. WILLIAM, d. 1723 ; hadch.: 
1. William, had son : 

(1). David, (3dsonl; had a son Daniel, b. 1751, Jan. 5, d. 1S15, 
March 12; (Schoharie, X. Y.) 
(II). THOMAS, b. 1686, d. 1742, m. Rebecca Langstaff ; had ch.: 

1. John. 

2. Thomas, b. 1710, d. 1752 ; had ch. : 

(1). Stacy, M. D., d. 1804, m. 1762, Sarah Monroe ; had one son 

Dr. Benj. Stacy Budd, and a grandson of same name. 
(2). Joseph. 
(3). Elisabeth. 
(4). Rachel, m. William Bradford. 

3. Ann. 

4. Elisabeth. 

5. Rachel. 

6. James. 

7. George. 

8. Levi. 

9. Sarah. 

(VI). ANN. 

III. JOHN, d. before 1738 ; removed to Philadelphia, Pa. ; had ch. : 


IV. JAMES, unmarried (Burlington) ; member Colonial Assembly, 1668 ; 

drowned 1692. 


GERRIT [Garret] is the first of the name that can be found ; witness to baptism 
(SomervUle records), 1 Aug., 1704 ; prob. had ch. : 
I. ROBERT Bolmer ; will dated Bridge water twp., Somerset Co., 30 Dec., 
1754, prob. 4 March, 1755, names all children but Gerrit and Elisabeth, 

278 Early Germans of New Jersey 

who appear on records of Somerville ch. ; his w. Mary's will, 30 May, 1766, 
prob. 5 Oct., 1771 ; children of Robertand Maria [Mary Rossina T] Spoon- 
heimer are as follows : 
(I). ANTTEN, [Ann] bap. 26 Oct., 1715. 
(II). JOHANNES, [John] bap. 3 April, 1717. 
(111). ROSSLNA, bap. 3 Oct., 1719. 
(IV). GERRIT, bap. 19 Nov., 1721. 
(V). ALBERTUS, bap. 25 March, 1724. 
(VI). MAREITJE, [Mary] bap. 29 May, 1726. 
(VXD. LENA, [Magdalena]. 
"7HI). LISABET, [Elisabeth]. 

(X). JANNITJE, [Jane] bap. 20 April, 1735, dau. of Robert and Rossina. 
prob. same as Robert and Mary. 
(XI). ROBERT, bap. 8 May, 1737 ; prob. m. Sery, Sella or Saerte [Sarah] 
and had ch. : Maryte, [Mary] bap. 12 April ; Pelye, [ ] bap. 

5 June, 1767, ; Madlena, [Magdalena], bap. 16 Sept., 1768. 
(XH). WILLEMTJE, (feminine form of William), bap. 7 May, 1749. dau. of 
Robert and Rossina, (prob. same as Robert and Mary, the latter 
having two given names). 
OLLTVER, the father of Mr. Buhner now res. in Middle Valley, lived in Hunter- 
don Co. . and had ch. : 
I. JOHN, m. Eva Teats (dau. Jacob) . 
H. PETER, m. Phebe Seals. 
III. JOHN, m. Jane Swackhamer (dau. Jacob). 


JOHN BUNN came from Germany ; in Tewksbury twp. book April, 1757 ; owned 
land near Pottersville ; had children : 
I.^CUNRAD, b. 1738, d. 1822, Dec. 17, m. Mary Walden, b. 1738, d. 1826, Feb. 
8 ; had children (order uncertain) : 
(I). JOHN. 
(II). FREDERIC, m. 1793, Dec. 22, Margaret Schneider ; had ch.: 

1. Morris. 

2. Conrad. 

3. William. 

4. Mary. 

5. Elisabeth. 

(HI). MARY CATHERINE, b. 1762, Jan. 10, m. 1783, Jan. 9, Jacob Miller, 

b. 1759, Feb. 9, d. 1821, May 12. 
(IV). MARTIN, b. 1765, March 24, d. 1853, May 24, m. Esther (Hester) 
Crater, dau. Morris H, b. 1767, d. 1854, Dec. 25 ; removed to Bed- 
minster, then to the West after Revolution ; had ch. : 
1. Cunrad, b. 1788, Jan. 12, d, 1866, June 27, m. 1809, Dec. 28, Mary 
Young, b. 1790, d. 1862, April 1. 



2.5MORBI8, b. 1790, June 21, m. Sophia Young, b. 1794, July 6, d. 1859 

3. Elisabeth, b. 1792, Dec. 8, d. 1875, Oct. 16. 

4. William. 

5. ATar y 

6. Mabgabetta, b. 1797, Aug. 27. 

7. Catherine, b. 1800, Jan. 2. 

(VI). JACOB, b. 1766, m. Elisabeth Cooper, (3. Samuel), b. 1785; hadch.: 

1. Samuel, m. Dota ; rem. Canistear. Steuben Co., N. Y. ; has 

children : Seward, Dota, Eliza, Amelia, Emma, Elisabeth. 

2. Mabttn, unmarried. 

3. Nathan. 

4. Abraham. 

5. Geoboe Washington, m. Catherine M. Eick. 

6. Emaline. 

7. Mart E., b. 1812, May 28, m. 1836, Morris C. Bunn, 5. Lawrence 

II ; removed, 1851, to Wyoming, Pa. 
(VU). GEORGE, b. 1767; confirmed 1785 at 18, m. 1795, July 11, Elisabeth 
(Vm). GERTRUDE, (Charity), b. 1769; confirmed 1785 at 16, m. John 
Kara, s. Christopher. 
GERRIT (Garret), m. Mary, will dated, 1750, Somerset Co., names sons, Edwabd 
and Lawrence : 
II. LAWRENCE, bap. 10 March, 1740, (Readington records) ; had ch. : 

(I). ANTHONY, b. 1777, Feb. 1, d. 1867, Jan. 9, m. 1815, Sarah Hilde- 

brant, b, 1791, d. 1862, May 18. 
(HI). JOHN. 
(V). LAWRENCE hadch.: 

1. Morris C, m. Mary E. Bunn, dau. Jacob. 

(1). George, has ch. : Madge, Warren. Nellie. 
(2). Minerva. 
(3). Mercy. 

2. Anthony. 

3. Geoboe. 

4. Mary. 

5. Harbison. 

6. Dennis. 

7. Wilson. 

8. Philip. 

(IX). TEEN, (Treen !). 
(X). a danghter, wife of Stephen Deen. 
MATTHEW BUNN, of Woodbridge, N. J., rec. patent for land, 1670 ; was the 
father of Matthew, Nathaniel, Peter and probably Miles, who leased part of 
"Society Lands,'' Hunterdon Co., in 1735 : 

280 Early Germans of New Jersey 

I. MATTHEW, m. Sarah ; gave deed June, 1695, to his brothers Nathaniel 

and Peter for land at Woodbridge. 

IV. MILES, m. Mary and had children (records of Woodbridge) : 
(I). ET7NIS, b. 20 Nov., 1703. 
01). MARY, b. 17 Nov., 1705. 
OH). SARAH, b. 4 June, 1709. 
(IV). RHODA, b. 4 Aug., 1712. 
(V). MILES, b. 25 Nov., 1713 ; on " Society Lands," Hunt. Co., N. J., 1735. 
(VI). NATHANIEL, b. 13 Feb., 1715. 
(VII). WILLIAM, b. 14 June, 1721. 
This family is prob. not of the German race and therefore has no relation to 
the family of Tewksbury twp., Hunterdon Co. It may be that the former is 
descended from the Waldensian Francois Bonk, who came to this country about 
1657. If this is so then Matthew, of Woodbridge, was prob. s. of Christian and 
grandson of Francois and was bap. in New York, 4 April, 1659. 


JOHANNES (John) Bosenberger (Busenberry), came from the village of Sehlen, 
jurisdiction of Rosenkal, county of Braunfels, Germany, and was a woolen 
and linen weaver and the son of Johanna Bosenberger and his wife, Maria ; 
bought 186 acres of John Reading in Amwell, 11 Feb., 1748, by side of Alia- 
shocking brook along John Mullen, Gideon Rousereand Peter Dirdorf (Trenton 
G. G., 163) ; Dr. Race has the certificate of birth of Johannes Bosenberger, the 
date of which is unfortunately torn off ; his will dated Amwell, 5 Oct., 1773, 
prob. 30 March, 1782, names children, 

III. CHERETRAAIT, (Gertraut or Gertrude) wife of Jacob Race, the ancestor 

of the historian Henry Race, M. D., of Pittstown, Hunterdon Co., N. J. 

IV. ELISABETH, wife of Charles Everfelt, "and her three children by her 

first husband." 


THOMAS CARHART, s. of Anthony of Cornwall, England, b. about 1650, d. 1696, 
m. Nov., 1691, Mary Lord, (dau. of Robert Lord and Rebecca Philips), b. in 
Cambridge, Mass., 13 July, 1668, m. for second husband, about 1698, Thomas 
Warne. Thomas came to New Amsterdam, 25 Aug., 1683, holding the appoints 
ment of private secretary to Col. Thomas Dorgan, the English governor of the 
colonies. (Carhart Genealogy by Mary E. Dusenberry, N. Y., 1880). Will of 
Thomas, 16 March, 1695, prob. 6 April, 1696. He res. on Staten Island until 
1695. when he removed to Woodbridge, N. J. ; had ch. : JOHN, b. 1692, m. 23 
Oct., 1716, Annie ; removed before 1717 from Woodbridge, N. J., to Rye, N. 
Y.; ROBERT, b. 1693, d. 12 Feb., 1745, m. 1725, a German lady; res. Mattea- 
wan. Monmouth Co.. N. J.; WILLIAM, b. about 1695 on Staten Island, in 
Monmouth Co. after 1698 ; bought 90 acres at Perth Amboy in 1723. 

ROBERT, the second son of Thomas, the emigrant, had ch. : Mary, b. 24 July, 
1726 ; Annie, b. 10 Aug., 1737 ; Cornelius, b. 6 Sept., 1729 ; Lydia, b. 80 Aug., 
1732 ; Samuel, b. 22 June, 1737. 

Carhart 28r 

CORNELIUS, son of Robert, b. 6 8ept., 1729, d. 3 June, 1810, m. 1754, Willimpia 
Coleman ; removed to Sussex (now Warren) Co. in 1753, and owned the land 
upon which the present town of Washington, N. J., is situated ; was Capt. of 
the 3rd Regiment of Hunterdon Co., in 1778, and 3rd Major in the Continental 
Army in 1781 ; had ch. : 
I. MART, b. Jan., 1756. m. Robert McShane ; res. at Perryville. 
n. SARAH, b. Feb., 1758, m. John Dusenberry; res. in Sussex Co. 
ID. ROBERT, b. 17 Aug., 1760, d. 1 May, 1834 ; private soldier in Rev. War ; 
res. at Hampton, N. J. ; had ch. : 

(I). CHARLES, b. 15 Oct., 1791, d. 11 July, 1868, m. Rebecca Allshouse ; 
res. at Harmony, N. J. ; had ch. : 

1. John, b. 1818, m. Elisabeth Metz. 

2. Elisabeth, b. 1820, m. Anthony Oberly. 

3. Jacob, b. 1823, unmarried. 

4. Thomas F., b. 1828, m. Louisa Castera. 

5. Ltdia, b. 11 April, 1831, m. Levi Raub. 

6. Caroline, b. 1833, d. 1836. 

7. Susanna, b. 23 May, 1837, m. Jacob Kline. 

(H). SAMUEL, b. 31 March, 1802, d. 1869 in Philadelphia, m. Mary Mond ; 
res. at Philadelphia ; had ch. : 

1. Samuel, b. 1828. 

2. Mart E., b. 1830. 

3. John, b. 1833, d. 1835. 

4. John, b. 1836, d. 1842. 

5. William, b. 1840, d. 1840. 

6. Henrietta, b. 1834, m. Theodore Carhart (a cousin). 

(LID. WILLIAM P., b. 1799, d. 12 July, 1863 ; res. New Hampton ; had ch. : 

1. William, b. 1816 ; res. at Phillipsburg, N. J. 

2. Theodore, b. 31 Jan., 1819, m. Rachel Albright ; res. at Belvidere, 

New Jersey. 

3. Samuel, b. 23 Oct., 1*32, m. Sarah Voorhees ; res. at Phillipsburg, 

New Jersey. 
(IV). MART, m. a Sigman. 
(V). LTDIA, m. a Philips, of Port Murray. 
IV. CHARLES, b. 3 Jan., 1783, d. in Virginia, m. Mary E. Dunham, (dau. of 
Jacob) who m. for her second husband, her cousin, Jas. Dunham ; had ch. : 
(I). JOHN, b. 15 Oct., 1786, d. 21 March, 1872, m. Mary Beavers, (grand- 
daughter of Col. Joseph), b. 22 May, 1789 ; had ch. : 

1. George B., b. 1812 ; res. at Brooklyn, N. T. 

2. Charles, b. 1813, m. Matilda Stiger, (dau. of Adam); res. at 

Perryville, N. J. 

3. James D., b. 1815 ; wholesale grocer in Brooklyn, N. T. 

4. Martha B., b. 1818, m. J. S. Kels ; res. at Perryville, N. J. 

5. William B., b. 1820, unmarried ; res. at Brooklyn, N. T. ; whole- 

sale grocer. 

6. Whitfield D., b. 1825, m. Mary E. Rockafeller ; res. at Clinton, 

New Jersey. 

7. Elijah H., b. 1827, unmarried ; res. at Macon, Georgia. 

8. Mart E., b. 1829, m. Dr. Sylvester Van Sickle ; res. at Clinton, 

New Jersey. 

282 Early Germans of New Jersey 

(II). DANIEL, b. 11 June, 1788, d. 8 Dec., 1879, m. Elisabeth Bonnel (dau. 
of Clement) ; res. at Clinton, N. J. ; had ch. : 

1. Charles, b. 1814 ; res. at Anandale. 

2. Mart, b. 1816. 

3. Abraham, b. 1818, unmarried. 

4. William, b. 1821, unmarried ; res. at Clinton, N. J. 

5. Asa, b. 1822 ; res. at Clarksville. 

6. John, b. 1825, m. Amanda Larason ; res. at Clinton, N. J. 

7. Samuel, b. 1827 ; res. at Elwood, N. J. 

V. CORNELIUS, b. 5 Oct., 1765, d. 6 Dec., 1818, m. Sarah Dunham, (dau. of 
Jacob) ; res. at Perryville ; had ch. : 

(I). CHARLES, b. 16 Nov., 1786, d. 4 June, 1863, m. Christina Bird Car- 
hart ; res. at Perryville, N. J. ; had ch. : 

1. Elisabeth, b. 1826, m. William F. Hoffman. 

2. Joseph B., b. 1829. 

3. C. Whitfield, b. 1832. 

4. Mart V., b. 1833. 

5. Samuel, b. 1835 ; res. at Ocean Beach, N. J. 

6. Christina, b. 1837, m. William Dunham ; res. at Clinton, N. J. 

7. Daniel, b. 1839, m. Josephine Story; Professor of Mathematics ; 

res. in Virginia. 
(II). ELISABETH, b 3 March, 1789, d. 25 Jan., 1847, m. John Eckel. 
(III). MARY, b. 30 April, 1790, d. Oct., 1836, m. Daniel Van Syckel. 
(TV). LTDIA, b. 18 Jan., 1793, m. John Van Buskirk. 
(V). SARAH, b. 18 Dec., 1794, d. March, 1833, m. first, Philip Runkle ; 
second, Daniel Van Syckle. 
(VI). DANIEL, b. 6 March, 1797, d. 29 Sept., 1819, m. Christina Bird; res. 

at Perryville ; had ch. : Cornelius. 
(VII) . SAMUEL, b. 10 May, 1799, m. first, L&vinia Larason ; second, Fanny 
Britton ; res. at Lambertville, N. J., and Cecil Co., Md. ; had ch. : 

1. Lavtnia, b. 1826. 

2. Helen M., b. 1831. 

3. Larrison B., b. 1832. 

4. Josephine, b. 1840. 

(VHD. RACHEL, b. 15 Oct., 1801, m. Moses Craig, of Peapack. 
(IX). JOHN, b. 6 March, 1804, m. Kesiah Larason ; res. at Clinton, N. J. ; 
ha." ch. : 

1. James L., b. 5 July, 1830. 

2. Dewttt C, b. 19 July, 1834. 

3. Elwood, b. 20 Dec., 1836. 

4. Sarah, b. 9 Feb., 1839. 

5. 'Albert, b. 10 Sept., 1841. 

6. K^.te L., b. 18 Nov., 1843. 

7. Fannt A., b. 9 April, 1845. 
b. John C, b. 23 Feb., 1849. 

9. Austin C, b. 3 April, 1853. 
(X). NEHEMIAH, b. 24 Aug., 1806, m. Sarah Patty ; res. at Auburn, N. 
T.; had ch.: 

1. Samuel N., b. 1835. 

2. Sarah A., b. 1837. 

Carhart — Carlisle 283 

3. John P , b. 1845. 

4. Henrt E., b. 17 Oct., 1851. 

5. Francis L., b. 7 Oct., 1854. 
(XI). CATHARINE, b. 15 April, 1809. 

VI. LTDIA, b. 28 Oct., 1769, m. James Bowlby : removed to Virginia. 
VTI. WTLLTMPIA, b. 15 April, 1771, m. Benjamin Lacy ; res. at Washington, 

Warren Co., N. J. 
VIII. PHEBE, b. Feb., 1774, m. John Coleman ; res. in Sussex Co. 

IX SAMUEL, b. 28 Jan., 1777, d. 24 April, 1852, m. first, Annie : second, ; 

res. at Washington, Warren Co., N. J. ; had ch. : 

1. Cornelius, b. 1804, m. Margaret Lomson [Lomerson T\. 

2. William, b. 1806, m. Julia A. Lomson. 

3. Mart H., b. 1809, m. Joseph Weller. 

4. Sarah, b. 1812, m. first, Rev. Jesse Fritz : second, M. Pitnord. 

5. Samuel M., b. 1814. 

6. Robert, b. 1817, d. 1818. 

7. Isabella, b. 1818. m. Mr. Rassenberg, of Pennsylvania. 

8. Jacob, b. 1823, m. Mary Voumans. 

9. Ltdia, b. 1825, m. John W. Fritts. 

10. Jesse, b. 1836. 

11. John b. 1838. 


ROBERT, came from Ireland to Bridgehampton, L. I. ; removed to Roxbury twp. 
before 1763, and buys, 1778, 100 acres of Eleazer Lindsley ; in 1775, 112 acres of 
Thomas Faircloe ; in 1783, 94 acres of W. Topping, all adjoining pieces of prop- 
erty and on the road from the turnpike to the D., L. & W. depot at Chester : 
had ch. : 
I. ROBERT, b. 10 June, 1758, d. 20 March, 1838 ; buried at Pleasant Hill 
cemetery, near Chester ; m. Mary Stark, (dau. of John) , b. 11 July, 1768 ; 
had ch. : 

(I). MARGARET, b. 29 March, 1787, m. David Larason, (3. of Andrewi. 
(II). JOHN. b. 27 Jan., 1789. 
(III). ROBERT, b. 13 Nov., 1790, m. Catherine Beard, (dau. of David); 
had ch.: 

1. Margaret, m. Tunis Crater, (s. of Will). 

2. Ltdia, m. John Petri, (s. of John). 

3. Willett, m. Clarissa Kellahan. 

4. Robert, m. Susan S warts, (dau. of Jacob) . 

5. Louisa, died young. 

6. Catherine, m. Daniel Budd, (s. of Gilbert), b. 9 Aug., 1827. 
(TV). REUBEN, b. 5 May, 1793, d. 3 July, 1867, m. Ann Messlar, idau. of 

Bergen) ; had ch. : 

1. John, b. 19 March, 1821 ; died young. 

2. Beroen, b. 7 Aug., 1823 ; died young. 

3. Mart Jane, b. 10 Dec., 1827, m. first, Joseph Budd, (s. of Gilbert) 

b. 11 Oct., 1822 ; second, Mulford Skellenger. 

4. Robert, b. 8 June, 1822, m. Lydia E. Leek, and had one child, 

Reuben C. 
(V). MARY, b. 10 Feb., 1796, m. William Willett, (s. of William). 

284 Early Germans of New Jersey 

(VI). LYDIA, b. 17 Jan., 1800. 
II. JOHN, m. 20 March, 1796, Mary Mulford ; bad ch. : 
(I). CATHERINE, unmarried. 

(H). SARAH, b. Jan., 1798, d. 20 Dec., 1884, m. SamT Willett, (s. of Win.) 
(HI). ELIZA, m. David B. Hurd, for second wife. 
(TV). CATHERINE, died at 22. 
(V). NANCY, b. 1806, m. for third husband, Casper Apgar, (s. of Jacob 

and Charity Pickel) . 
(VI). MARIETTA, b. 1808, m. Samuel Sweazy, (s. of Samuel and Margaret 

(VII). THOMAS MULFORD, m. Eliza Howell ; had ch.: 

1. Ellas, m. a Brown. 

2. Thomas, m. first, a Pridham ; second, a Shumacker. 

3. John, m. first, Eliza Larue ; second, Elisabeth Hoffman. 

4. Mary, m. Charles Fllis Jackson, of Wichita, TTaTnuig 

5. Nancy, m. Lewis Shields. 

(VIII). JOHN D G., m. first, Elisabeth Smith ; second, Lettie Cutler; had ch. : 

1. Smith, m. Kate Larue. 

2. Layinia, m. Carlisle Axtell. 

3. Anna, m. Carlisle Axtell. 

4. George, unmarried. 

III. ABIGAIL, m. John Wise, (s. of Jacob). 

IV. Wife of John Coleman, (brother Azal and Joseph). 


Cases of Southold, L. I. and Roxbttry, N. J. 
WILLIAM, left England in the "Dorset," Sept., 1635, aged 19 ; freeman of Rhode 
Island, 1665 ; m. Martha, who, after his death, (1681 ?) m. Thomas Hutchinson, 
(see Moore's Indexes of Southold) ; prob. had ch. : 
I. HENRY, (who might be sod of Henry who owned land at Southold in 
1658) ; 1660, has suit with Theophilus Corwin ; 1681, deed from Martha 
Hutchinson to him as her eldest son, of 7 acres ; 1686 has 3 males and 3 
females in his family ; m. Tabitha, who d. 16 Dec, 1735 ; prob. had ch. : 
(I). HENRY, JR., b. 1684, d. 16 April, 1720, at 36. 
(II). SAMUEL, b. 1687, d. 10 May, 1755, at 68. 

(IV). HANNAH, m. 1709, Philemon Dickerson. 
(V). BENJAMIN, b. 1692, d. 14 Nov., 1774, at 82. 

(VTi. MARY, b. 1697, d. April, 1777, at 80 ; m. Abiah (or Gershom) Terry. 
H. THEOPHILUS, d. 26 Oct., 1716 ; 1686 has one male and one female in his 
family ; prob. m. Hannah, who afterwards m. 1717 Jabez Mapes ; prob. 
had ch.: 
(I). WILLIAM, m. Anne, who d. 1769 ; had ch. ; 

1. James, b. 1742, d. 12 Sept., 1753, at 11. 

2. Azubah, b. 1747, d. 1753. at 6. 

(II). ICHABOD, m. first Mary Terrill in 1715, who d. 1716 ; second, Abi- 
gail Mapes in 1717, who d. 1724-5 ; third, Hannah Goldsmith in 
1725 ; had four children who were b. in the years 1716, 1721, 1739 
and 1740 ; prob. removed to Roxbury twp., Morris Co., where his 
will is dated 22 July, prob. 28 Sept., 1762, and names wife Hannah, 

Case 285 

grandson Joseph Case, and ch. : 

1. William. 

2. Abigail. 

3. Hannah. 

4. TTry.Ttn 

(LTD. JOHN, b. 1718 (?), d. 6 Feb., 1775, at 57 ; m. Jemima Hulse, 1733-4. 
(IV). THEOPHLLUS, perhaps the son of Theophilus ; 1741, surveyor of the 
highways in Roxbury twp., Morris Go. ; perhaps had son 
1. Joshua, b. 1722, d. 9 July, 1777, at 55 ; buried at Succasunna ; will 
"Roxbury," 1 July, prob. 16 Aug. 1777, names w. Elisabeth and ch. : 
(1). Joshua. 
(2). Joseph. 
(3). Samuel. 
(4). John. 
(5). Augustus. 
(6). Rhoda. 
(7). Susanna. 
(8). Sarah 
Miscellaneous — Married at Branchville, Sussex Co., by Squire Price, Peter 
Case to Rebecca Peterson, 19 Oct., 1783 ; Theophilus Case to Anna Suriterman, 9 
Dec., 1787. 

Ephraim Case to Elisabeth Lanterman, 3 Oct., 1792,; his will, 9 March, prob. 
22 March, 1797, names ch. : 

(a). Aaron. 

(b). Joshua, b. 3 July, 1778, d. 15 May, 1858, m. Mary Cor- 
win, (dau. of Benjamin), b. 14 Aug., 1781, d. 1854. Both 
buried at Succasunna He had Adam and Joshua. 
(c). Jane. m. Joseph Corwin, (s. of Benjamin), 
(d). La wes. 
(e). Elisabeth. 

Cases from Germant. 
JOHN PHILIP and WILLIAM KAES [Kes, Kase or Case], probably brothers are 
naturalized by act of the Assembly July, 1730. ANTHONY Kase, of the same 
generation, was probably a third brother. JOHN PHILIP settled near Flem- 
ington ; naturalized by act of Assembly, July, 1730 : bought 9 March, 1733, a 
part of the Wm. Penn tract, now known as the " Mine Farm." m. first, Anna 
Elisabeth ; second, Rachel ; his will, ''Amwell," 27 Nov., 1754, prob. 1 March. 
1756, (Lib. 8 fol. 426), names 5 children by first wife and 4 by the second. 
in. FRONA CATHERINE, m. Henry Winters. 
IV. ELISABETH, m. Peter Aller, who had grdch. b. from 1768-1777. 
V. ANN, m. [Peter T\ Dilts, and had ch. : Philip Dilts and Henerick Dilts. 
vin. PHILIP. 
WILLIAM, settled on Copper Hill, near Flemington ; naturalized by act of Assem- 
bly, July, 1738 ; his will, "Amwell," 18 April, prob. 5 May, 1769, (Lib. 14. fol. 
172) , names wife Elisabeth and ch. : 

286 Early Germans of New Jersey 


vni. ADAM, m. Elisabeth and had ch. : 
(I). WILLIAM, b. 15 Aug., 1763. 
01). ADAM, b. 13 Aug., 1770, prob. m. Elisabeth, b. 14 Feb., 1776; had ch. : 

1. William, b. 23 April, 1797. 

2. Mahlon, b. 28 Feb., 1799. 

3. Sybilla, b. 24 July, 1800. 

4. Hester, b. 20 March, 1802. 

5. Jonathan, b. 15 April, 1804. 

6. Jacob, b. 9 July, 1806. 

7. Sarah, b. 26 April, 1808. 

8. Nathan, b. 28 March, 1810. 

9. Christian, b. 29 March, 1812. 

10. Rebecca, b. 1 Aug., 1813. 

11. Milton, b. 1 Aug., 1815. 

12. Susanna, b. 30 Jan., 1817. 
an). JOSEPH, b. 14 April, 1772. 
(TV). ANNA, b. 17 March, 177—. 

(V). MARY, b. 22 Oct., 1774. 
(VI). PHILIP, b. 12 Dec., 1782. 
(VII). REBECCA, b. 12 Oct., 1784. 
(VILI). ISAAC, b. 27 Dec., 1789 ; prob. m. Margaret and had ch. : 

1. Elisabeth, b. 6 April, 1811. 

2. John, b. 1 Sept., 1812. 
(IX). One other. 

ANTHONY, his will, "Amwell," 7 June, 1769, prob. 11 Dec., 1772, (Lib. 14, fol. 461), 
names wife Eva Catharine and ch. : 
I. PETER, perhaps the one whose will, "Amwell," 1779, (Lib. 32, fol. 23), 
names wife Anna and ch. : 
a). HENRY. 
an). TUNIS, [Anthony]. 
(V). ANNA. 
H. JOHN, perhaps the one of Clover Hill, whose family is found History of 
Hunterdon and Somerset Co., page 418, as follows : 
(I). JACOB, had ch. ; 

1. Anthont L. 

2. John L. 

(HI). WILLIAM, [prob. m. Anna]; had ch. : 

Case 287 

1. Margaret, [? b. 16 March, 1791], m. Levi Mettler. 

2. John, [? b. 38 Feb., 1801], m. first, Elisabeth Hoffman, (dau. of 

Thomas) ; second, Amy Hoff, (dau. of Will.) ; had ch.: 

(1). William. 

(2). John P. 

(3). Jeremiah H. 

(4). Mary, m. John Opdyke. 

(5). Anna, m. Jonathan Kugler. 

(6). Elisabeth, m. Will Wilson. By second wife. 

(7). Eli. 

(8). Catherine, m. Holloway H. Hewitt. 

(9) . Margaret, m. Wilson Silverthorn. 

3. Christopher, m. first, Catharine Rupel ; second, a Case ; had ch. : 

(1). William. By second wife. 

(2). Anne. 

(3). George. 

(4). Peter. 

(5). Christopher. 

4. Mahlon. 

5. Mart, m. Daniel Marsh. 

(TV). PETER, [?m. Margaret]; hadch.: 

1. Daniel, [? b. 4 Sept., 1807]. 

2. Henry, [? b. 3 Sept., 1808]. 
[3. Cornelius, b. 10 Nov., 1810]. 

4. Godfrey, m. Sallie Curtis, (dau. Daniel) ; had four children : 
(1). Samuel. 

(2). Elisabeth, m. Samuel Worthington. 
(3). Peter. 

(4). Mary Martha, m. a Mathis. 
(5), Elisabeth. 
(V). GODFREY, had ch. : 

1. Levi, m. a dau. of Jacob Bunn ; has ch. : 

(1). Whitfield. 
(2). Elisabeth. 
(3). Lucy. 

2. John, m. Eliza Rittenhouse, (dau. of Elijah) ; has three sons : 

(1). Elijah R., C. E. 

(2). Levi W., A. M., M. D. 

(3). Joseph. 

3. Mary, m. William Drake. 

4. Margaret, m. William Besson ; had ch. : 

(1). John Besson, a lawyer of Hoboken. 

(2). Sam. Austin Besson, a lawyer of Jersey City. 

(3). Elisabeth Besson. 

(4). Hannah Besson. 

(5). Francis Besson. 

5. Catherine, m. Spencer Alpaugh ; has three daughters living at 

Little York, Hunterdon Co. : 
(1). Mary Alpaugh. 
(2). Ad ella Alpaugh. 

a88 Early Germans of New Jersey 

(3). Camilla Aipaugh. 
6. Susan, m. Henry Eckel ; has one dau. living at Trenton, Lydia. 
m. Dr. Will. Rice. 
(VI) . MARY, m. Peter Bloom and res. near Mt. Pleasant, Hunterdon Co. 
(VH). ELISABETH, m. and res. in Bethlehem twp. 
(VIE). MARGARET, m. David Stem ; res. near Easton, Pa. 
(IX). CHARITY, m. Lewis Rope ; res. near Easton, Pa. 
(X). CATHERINE, m. John Case, a distant relative : res. near Patten- 
berg ; has ch. : 

1. Henry. 


3. John. 

Miscellaneous — Bastian Kes was naturalized by act of Assembly, 12 Nov., 
1744 ; Johannes and Matthias K_ase, 1754, and Tunis and Peter Case, 20 Aug., 


Palatinate, is m. in New York, 2 April, 1711, to Magdalena Paan, the widow of 
Jacob Hoof, from Wirtemberg ; perhaps is the father of Jurgen (or George), 
and Peter, who are the first of the name in New Jersey; there certainly was 
a family of the name who came to New York in the "2d emigration," 1710, 
since Gov. Hunter apprenticed a child of this name with other children of the 
Palatines, in 1711-M ; perhaps had ch. : 
I. PETER Cassinor, whose will, " Somerset Co.," Sept. 14, prob. Dec. 1, 1756, 

names wife, Mary, and ch. : Witness to a baptism "On the Raritans," 

1719 ; buys land on " 2d Mountain," Som. Co., of Alex. McDowell, 1727, 

Feb. 1 ; had ch. : 

(I). PETER, perh. d. 1788 ; rem. to Morris Co., m. Mary; had ch.: 

1. Jeremiah, m. Mary Thomas, (dau. of Matthias) : rem. to Penn. 

2. John, b. 9 Sept., 1767, d. 24 Feb., 1824, m. Catherine Schenkel, 

(dau. of Anthony), b. 28 July, 1772, d. 16 July, 1860 ; res. near 

German Valley ; had ch. : 

(1). John, m. Elisabeth Lomerson, (dau. of ) ; had ch. : 

(a). John, b. 17 Feb. 1825, m. Mary Ann Hoffman, (dau. of 
Jacobl and had ch. : Mary Ann ; Acka ; Elisabeth : 
Mary ; Arthur ; Edith. 
(b). Jacob, m. Ellen Beam, (dau. of William); res. near 

(c). William, m. Sarah Schuyler, (dau. of William) ; rem. 
to Hardwick, Warren Co. 
(2). Mart, m. Abraham Hall. 
(II). JACOB, perh. s. of Peter 2d ; will, 12 Jan., prob. 4 March, 1788, 
names wife Catherine and witness Daniel Castner, Sr. ; had ch. ; 
1, Daniel, perh. s. of Jacob, b. 10 May, 1741, d. 10 March, 1829, m. 8 
May, 1775, Mary Thompson, b. 1752, d. 30 Dec., 1830 ; will, 18 
Dec, 1828, prob. 7 April, 1829, names wife Mary and ch. : 
(1). Jacob. 
(2). John. 
(3), Sarah, m. John Gaston. 

Castner 289 

(4) . July, m. a Yawger. 

(5). Mary. m. a Baker. 

(6). Catherine, b. 2 Nov., 1786, d. 4 March, 1854, m. John II. 

(7). Elisabeth, m. a Van Doren. 
(8). Margaret, m. a Willet. 
2. John Peter, perhaps s. of Jacob and Catherine), b. 21 July, 1750; 
res. at Liberty Corner, Somerset Co. ; soldier in the Revolution ; 
m . Margaret Compton ; had ch. : 

(1). Rev. Jacob Randolph, b. 24 July, 1785, d. 19 Nov., 1848, 
in. 1814, Sarah Shafer, of Stillwater, N. J., b. 9 Feb., 1795, 
d. 2 May, 1868 ; had several children. 
(2). James. 
II. JTTRGEN (or George) m. Naomi : prob. the George who was apprenticed 
in 1710, at 13 years of age, in N. Y. ; "on the Raritans," member of 
Lutheran Church in N. Y., 1721 ; had ch. iperhaps): 
(I). JOHN, perh. m. Babara : hadch. : 

1. John, Jr., b. 1751, d. 1801 ; his will, 1786, prob. .names mother, 

Barbara, brother Conrad and brother-in-law Peter Bockover. 
(II). JAMES, subscribed to building of Lutheran Ch. at Pluckamin. 1756. 
(Ill) . PHILIP, perh. son of Jurgen, m. Susanna, who was b. 1727, d. 1777 

in Morris Co. 
(TV). GEORGE, m. Dorothea ; had ch.: Jacob, b. 4 March, 1779. 
(V). DANIEL, Sr., in Tewksbury twp., 1766 ; prob. had ch.: 

1. Jacob, m. Eva ; had ch. : 

(1). John, b. 1 Sept., 1798. 
i2). Daniel, b. 27 Dec., 1812. 

2. Daniel, b. 1757, d. 12 Feb., 1829 : rem. to Spruce Run from Som. 

Co., m. first . Elisabeth Souers : second, Elisabeth Moore : had ch. : 
(1). John, m. Maria Parks, who was murdered with her husband 

in 1842 by his brother : had ch. : Victor, b. 27 Sept., 1833, 

m. first, Sarah E. Hill : second, her sister Semantha Hill ; 

John P., b. 3 Nov., 1837, m. Lydia A. Snider land had 

Laura, Eugene and Sadie!. 
(2). Jacob, Jr., m. Elisabeth Anthony, (dau. of Jacob) ; had ch. : 

Daniel, unmarried ; Elijah, m. first, Elisabeth Hoover ; 

second, Crechy Kitchen : third, married in Ohio : Jacob, 

m. Betsey Karns ; John R., m. Margaret Moore, (dau. of 

John and a Rodenbach) ; Betsey, m. Chris. Smith ; Phemie, 

m. first, Sam. Coleman ; second, John Hazely : Lydia, m. 

Richard Bennett ; Rachel, m. Peter Baldwin ; Sally Ann ; 

Becky; Polly. 
(3). Adam, m. Elisabeth Swaits ; had ch. : John, m. Ann Read, 

(dau. of William) ; Isaac ; Elisabeth, m. John Bowlsby ; 

Becky; Maria, m. David Alpock ; Mary Catherine, m. 

Mansfield Beatty, (s. of George) ; Susan, m. Jacob Hipp, 

(s. of Leonard). 
(4). Peter, m. Jeannette Cratzly ; had ch. : Daniel; William, 

m. Sarah Thomas, is. of Joseph) ; George, m. Louise Ben- 

290 Early Germans of New Jersey 

nett ; Andrew, m. Nancy Gartner, (s. of John) ; David, m. 
Abbie Gerry, (dau. of Philip); " Kal," m. Susan Smith ; 
Mary, m. John Anderson ; Amanda, m. William Smith. 
(5) . Moore, m. Susan Force, (dau. of John) ; had ch. : Michel, m. 
Susan Lance, (dau. of Joseph) ; Nathan, m. Margaret Orte ; 
Benjamin ; Becky, m. George Walters, (s. of Thomas) ; 
Keziah, m. Wm. Read, (s. of Philip) ; Iyydia, m. a Pigeon. 
(6) . George, m. Elisabeth Lance, (dau. of John) ; had one child, 

Whitefleld, m. Rachel Sliker, (dau. of Daniel) . 
(7). Betsey, m. William Anderson, (6. of William). 
(6). Abraham, m. Elisabeth McClean, (dau. of Amos) ; had ch.: 
Amos, m. Susan Brown ; William and Nicholas, went 
West ; Stewart, m. a Trimmer, (dau. of John) ; Susan, m. 
Jacob Bess. 
III. DANIEL, perh. 6. of Peter 1st ; witness to will of Peter Castner, 8r., of 

Somerset Co., 14 Sept., 1756. 
Miscellaneous — It has been impossible to get satisfactory information with 
regard to the Castner family, even after considerable correspondence. The above 
is offered as a basis for further research. John Eastner, settled in Schoharie, 1713 ; 
removed to Tulpehocken Creek, Pa., in 1723, with 33 other German families (Rupp 
p. 467). A certain Paul Eastner is said to have come to New Germantown, 1694, 
with Rev. Francis Daniel Pastorius. 


Four brothers of the name of Chambers. JAMES, ROBERT, JOSEPH and 
BENJAMIN, came from the county of Antrim, Ireland, and landed at Phila. 
about 1726. The youngest, Benjamin, in a deposition, made in Philadelphia, 8 
Dec, 1736, styles himself " a millwright about 23 years of age," and he is said to 
have been at the time of his death, 17 Feb., 1788, "eighty years of age and up- 
wards." He was, therefore, probably born about 1710. For a time the brothers 
lived together at the mouth of Fishing Creek, on the eastern bank of the Susque- 
hanna, a few miles above Harris 1 Ferry. Here they erected a mill, which was, at 
that period, of great utility for a large district of country. Attracted, however, 
by the prospect of other locations for such establishments and for farms, they 
crossed the Susquehanna, on or before the year 1730. and settled at different places : 
James, at the head of Green Spring, near Newville ; Robert, at the head of Mid- 
dle Spring, near Shippensburgh, and Joseph and Benjamin at the confluence of 
Falling Spring and the Conecocheague, where Chambersburg now stands. Joseph, 
however, soon returned to Fishing Creek. But the others remained where they 
had last settled and were distinguished for their enterprise and public usefulness. 
They were soon followed by large numbers, who were not slow to hear of the 
attractive region soon to be opened for settlement. In the settlement commenced 
by James Chambers, about three miles south of Newville, was one of the most 
numerous clusters of inhabitants in the valley. It was very early (1738), strong 
enough to form a religious congregation which offered to pledge itself to the sup- 
port of a pastor. — [Wing's History of Cumberland County]. 

RANALD and ROWLAND CHAMBERS, two brothers, according to tradition, 
came to America about 1720, from the north of Ireland and settled at Meeting 
House Springs, near Newville, Pa. They were of Scotch Irish descent. The 



name, Chambers, is said to have come from the Scotch Cameron. This became 
Cameranus, when the Camerons fled to France. On their return to Ireland 
the name became Chambers. Notwithstanding the tradition, mentioned above, 
it could very easily be that these two brothers were sons of one of the first four, 
probably of Jakes. Ranald died in 1746, prob. soon after his marriage. He 
could hardly have been over thirty years of age and too young to have come 
to Philadelphia alone in the year 1720 or 1726. However, in 1736-7, Randle [ Ran- 
ald 7] Chambers receives a grant of land, for the use of his son James, on Great 
Spring Creek, a branch of the Conecocheague, (History of Cumberland Co., p. 
23). James Chambers commanded one of the three companies that fought the 
Indians in the battle of Sideling Hill, April, 1756. 
ROWLAND, settled " near the mouth of the Letort on the State road"; buried at 
Meeting House Springs ; had ch. : 
RANALD, d. at 1746 ; buried at Meeting House Springs ; had two ch., John and 
I. JOHN, d. early and left only one child : 

(I). WILLIAM, d. 5 Oct., 1809, m. Eleanor Talbot, of a family which 
settled in, and gave the name to, Talbot Co., Maryland ; lived at 
Middlesex, Cumberland Co., Pa. Capt. William Chambers is men- 
tioned in the minutes of the Council of Safety as connected with 
the First Regiment of Cumberland Co., 1777, under Col. Ephraim 
Blaine, the great-grandfather of Hon. James G. Blaine ; Colonel in 
command of Pennsylvania Associators and Militiamen, 81 July, 
1777 ; was present at battles of Trenton and Princeton ; had ch. : 

1. Betsey, b. 2 March, 1772, m. Dr. Kelso and had William Kelso 

and Joseph Kelso. 

2. Polly, b. 11 June, 1773, d. 1866 ; became second wife of Mordecai 

McKinney, 3rd. 

3. John, b. 20 Jan., 1775, m. a Uhrie ; rem. to Dayton, Ohio ; had ch. :. 

(1). Thomas. 
(2). Talbot. 
(3)— (5). Three daughters. 

4. Jane, b. 1 Nov., 1776, d. 16 Dec., 1856 ; unmarried. 

5. William, b. 16 June, 1779, m. and had ch. ; res. in Adams Co., Pa. 

6. Talbot, b. 8 Feb., 1783 ; Col. in U. S. Army, d. in Texas ; unm. 

7. Mabgabet, b. 6 Oct., 1788, d. 25 Feb., 1848. 

8. Ann, (perhaps the flrst child of Col. William), d. 1795, m. Arthur 

Chambers, of the same name but not related. He was b. 1758, d. 

29 Sept., 1794, at 36 ; buried in Derry church-yard ; she was 

buried in church-yard of Welsh Run, near Greencastle. They 

had three children : 

(1). Abthtjr, died early. 

(2). Ann, b. 1789, d. 18 March, 1877, m. Louis L. Near, M. D., a 
Surgeon in U. S. Army, who d. 31 Dec., 1845. 

(3). William Chestnut, M. D., b. 1790, d. 16 Dec., 1857, m. 11 
Jan., 1816, Mary Ege, dau. of Michael, a large manufac- 
turer of iron, the owner of four furnaces and about eight 
thousand acres of land in Cumberland Co., Pa. "Dr. 

292 Early Germans of New Jersey 

William C. Chambers was born near Harrisburg, his 
grandfather [greatrgreat^grandf ather ? ] was no doubt one 
of the four brothers, James, Robert, Joseph and Benja- 
min, who emigrated from Antrim, Ireland, about 1736 and 
settled first upon the Susquehanna, but soon crossed over 
and took possession of lands in different parts of Cumber- 
land Valley ; Benjamin, the youngest, going as far West 
among the Indians as Chambersburg, which bears his name. 
The other brothers are said to have taken up lands at 
Middle Spring, Green Spring, Middlesex and along the 
river. The subject of this sketch was brought up in the 
Presbyterian Church. He was educated in Dickinson Col- 
lege (where he was a classmate of the late President Bu- 
chanan) , and in the medical department of the University of 
Pennsylvania. He settled in Carlisle, as a practitioner of 
medicine, and soon after married. Dr. Chambers, though 
much esteemed as a physician, relinquished the practice of 
medicine after several years and engaged in the manufac- 
ture of flour and iron. In 1838 he removed to Philadelphia. " 
— (History of Cumberland County, Pa., by Rev. C. P. 
Wing. D.D., p. 186). He was an elder for many years of 
the First Presbyterian Church, of Carlisle. His wife in- 
herited from her father the valuable Cumberland property, 
in the management of which Dr. Chambers was engaged 
until his removal to Philadelphia : had ch. : 
(a). Annie J., b. 36 Oct., 1816, d. 18 May, 1880 ; unmarried. 
(b). Arthur E., b. 1817, d. Dec, 1837. 

(c). Talbot Wilson. S. T. D., LL. D., b. 1819, m. 31 April, 
1841, by Rev. Alex. McClelland, D. D., to Louisa Mercer 
Frelinghuysen, (dau. of John and Elis. Van Vechten) , 
b. 3 Dec.. 1831, d. at 7 a. m. on 3 June, 1893, at Port- 
land, Oregon, suddenly from heart failure brought on 
by bowel trouble, while her husband was attending the 
General Assembly of the Presbyterian Chnrch as a 
delegate from the General Synod of the Reformed Ch. 
Dr. Chambers graduated at Rutgers College, New 
Brunswick, N. J.. 1834 ; studied theology in both the 
New Brunswick and Princeton Theological Seminaries ; 
pastor of the Second Reformed Dutch Church, Somer- 
ville, N. J., 1839-49 ; one of the pastors of the Collegiate 
Dutch Church of New York City, 1849 to the present 
time, May, 1894. He was the Vedder lecturer at New 
Brunswick in 1875 ; is Chairman of the Committee on 
Versions of the American Bible Society, and Chairman 
of the Executive Committee of the Amer. Tract Society ; 
was member of the Amer. Bible Revision Committee, 
Old-Testament Co. He has published, besides numer- 
ous articles, addresses and sermons, The Noon Prayer 
Meeting in Fulton Street, New York, 1857 ; Memoir of 
Theodore Frelinghuysen, 18G3 ; Exposition of Zach- 

Chambers 293 

ariah, in Schaff-Lange Commentary, 1874 ; The Psal- 
ter, a Witness to the Divine Origin of the Bible (Ved- 
der Lectures), 1875 ; Companion to the Revised Version 
of the Old Testament, 1885. (Schaff-Herzog Encyclo- 
pedia, supplement! ; has ch. : 
(aa>. Mary Eqe, b. Han tan. N. J., 28 March, 1843, d. 16 

Nov., 1845. 
(bb). Frederick Frelinghuysen, b. Somerville, N. J., 10 
April. 1845, m. 7 June, 1866, by Rev. T. W. Cham- 
bers, S. T. D., his father, to Mary Elisabeth Gaines, 
(dan. of Royal Aldrich Gaines, a prominent lawyer 
of New York City, and Laura Walker his wife, of 
Brooklyn, N. Y.); Secretary and Auditor of the 
Del.. Lack. & West. R. R. ; has ch. : Victoria 
Frelinghuysen, b. 6 March. 1867, d. Hackensack. N. 
J., of cholera infantum, 6 August. 1868 : Royal 
Aldrich. b. 13 Feb., 1869, d. Brooklyn, 31 May, 1869; 
Mary Elisabeth, b. 22 March, 1870. d. Somerville, 
N. J., 22 July, 1892, from heart trouble ; Frederick 
Frelinghuysen, b. 24 April, 1871 ; in the treasurer's 
department of the D., L. and W. R. R. ; Laura 
Gaines, b. 7 July, 1873, m. Chas. James Smith. June 
2, 1891, and had two children, the last a daughter 
living ; Louisa Frelinghuysen, b. 13 October, 1874 
Rosalie Brigham, b. 2 March, d. July, 1876; Wm 
H. Thayer, b. 7 Oct., 1877 ; John Seaman, b. 22 
Nov., 1878 ; Oeorgiana Crawford, b. 28 Oct., 1882, 
(cc). Arthur De Put, b. Raritan, N. J., 1 May, 1S47, m 
30 Oct., 1872. Corinne Stoney, idau. of Jos. Jenkins 
Stoney, of Bluffton, S. C.) ; assist, treasurer of D 
L. and W. R. R. ; Sec'y and Treas. Steward Iron 
Mining Co. and Treas. Oxford Iron and Nail Co. 
(dd). Theodore Frelinghuysen, b. Raritan, N. J., 14 
May, 1849, m. 30 Dec., 1873, in Brooklyn, by Rev. 
L. S. Weed, of the Carroll Park M. E. Church, 
Mary Arno Muren, (dau. of Capt. Parker and Jeanet 
Laing) , widow of Joshua B. Sutton, of Brooklyn, N. 
Y., whose children are Jeanet Muren Sutton, 
Kate Monteith Sutton and Mary Sutton, all unm. 
lee). Elisabeth Van Vechten, b. Raritan, N. J., 24 Aug. 

1852 ; d. Nov. 16, 1855, of mem. croup. 
iff). Talbot Roland, b. Raritan, N. J., 27 June, 1855, m. 
19 May, 1886, Edith M. Jennings, (dau. of Horace N. 
of East Orangel , was a student of the University of 
the City of New York ; graduated from the College 
of Physicians and Surgeons, 1878 ; practised medi- 
cine at first in New York, then in May, 1881, settled 
in Orange, N. J. Dr. Chambers is a frequent con- 
tributor to the current medical journals and maga- 
zines ; an operation in which he was successful, 

294 Early Germans of New Jersey 

marking an advance in surgery, was noticed in the 
editorial columns of the New York Times. He is a 
member of the State Medical Society ; of the Orange 
Mountain Medical Society ; and of the Practitioners 
Club of Newark ; the inventor of the Elastic Breast 
Compressor and of a Compressor for Swollen Glands, 
two valuable medical patents ; has lost his oldest 
child, Margaret J.,b. 21 Aug., 1888, who died a babe; 
has Talbot W., b. 24 April, 1890. 
(gg). John Freltnqhuysen, b. 13 Oct., 1857 ; graduated 
at the College of the City of New York ; graduated 
from Columbia College Law School ; has 

charge of searching department of the Title Guar- 
antee and Trust Co., of New York. 
(hh). Louise Schiefflin, b. 10 Nov., 1859 ; unmarried. 
(ii). Hilary Ranald, b. 25 Jan., 1863, m. 19 Oct., 1893, 
Marie Schenck Jameson, (dau. of Judge C. M. 
Jameson, of Somerville, N. J.), 
(jj). Catherine Van Nest, b. 6 April, 1866 ; unmarried. 
(kk). Sarah Frelinghuysen, b. 22 April, 1868, m. 25 Feb., 
1892, Arthur Lewis Moore, of New York City; rem. 
to London, England, 1893 ; has one daughter. 
(d). Elisabeth, b. 9 Sept., 1820 ; res. in Philadelphia. 
(e). William B., b. 25 Feb., 1822, d. 3 Feb., 1861 ; was an 
artist of decided talent and estimable character ; spent 
several years in Italy in the study of art ; unmarried. 
(£). Mary, b. 3 April, 1823, d. 9 Nov., 1857, m. Hon. George 
Sharswood, who issued an edition of Blackstone's Com- 
mentaries, and became Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court of Perm. ; had only one child, George, who m. and 
left at his death one daughter, May Sharswood. 
(g). George E., b. 19 Aug., 1824. 
(h). Alfred F., b. 21 Dec., 1825, d. 18 Jan., 1853. 
(i). Louis N., b. 3 Feb., 1S29, d. 7 July, 1849. 
II. BANALD, son of Ranald 1st ; nothing is known of him. 


Colemans of Nantucket. 
THOMAS, b. about 1599, d. Nantucket, 1682, at 83 ; came to Newberry, Mass., 
from Marlborough in Wilts, England ; arrived at Boston 3 June, 1635, in the 
"James" ; came under contract with Sir Richard Saltonstall and others, to keep 
their cattle for them ; made freeman of Boston, 17 May, 1637 ; rem. to Hamp- 
ton, 11 July, 1651 ; rem. to Nantucket before 1663 ; m. first, Susanna , 

who d. 17 Nov., 1650 ; second, Mary Johnson, (widow of Edmund), who d. 30 
Jan., 1663 ; third, Marjery Fowler, (dau. of Philip, and widow of Thos. Rowell 
of Andover, previously the widow of Christopher Osgood, 1st) ; said to have 
spelled his name Coultman. but an e was prob. mistaken for a t. [Savage's 
Oeneai. Diet.]. Thomas hadch.: 
I. TOBIAS, b. 1638. m. a Rowley : had ch. : 

Coleman 295 

(I). JABEZ, b. 37 May, 1668 ; Wiled by the Indians. 
(II). SARAH, b. 17 June, 1670. 
(III). THOMAS, b. 36 March, 1673. 

(IV). LYDIA, b. . 

(V). DEBORAH, b. 25 May, 1676. 
H. BENJAMIN, b. 1 May, 1640. 

in. JOSEPH, b. 3 Dec., 1642, m. Ann Bunker, (dau. of George) ; had ch.: 
(I). JOSEPH, b. 17 Nov., 1673 ; died young. 
(ID. ANN, b. 10 Nov., 1675, d. 1690. 
IV. JOHN, b. 1644, d. 1716, m. Joanna Folger, (dau. of Peter), d. 18 July, 
1719 ; had ch. : 
(D- JOHN, b. 3 Aug., 1667. 
(ID. THOMAS, b. 17 Oct., 1669. 
(IID. ISAAC, b. 6 Feb., 1673. 
(IV). PHEBE, b. 15 June, 1674. 
(V). BENJAMIN, b. 17 June, 1677. 
(VI). ABIGAIL, a twin to Benjamin. 
V. ISAAC, b. 20 Feb., 1647, drowned 6 June, 1669. 

THOMAS, d. 1674; at Wethersfleld, 1639 ; representative, 1653 and 6 ; removed to 
Hadley and made freeman there, 1661 ; has property at Evesham. Worcester- 
shire, [England T\\ m. first, ; second, Francis Welles. [Savage's Geneat. 

Diet.]. Thomas had eh.: 
I. JOHN, at Hatfield where he is made freeman. 1672 ; freeman of Conn., 
1658 ; prob. rem. to Hatfield. 1659 ; m. for third wife Mary Day, idau. of 
Robert and widow of Thomas Stebbins and Samuel Ely) ; had eh. : 
(I). THOMAS, b. 1664. 
(II). HANNAH, b. 1667. 
(III). JOHN, b. 1669. 
(IV). NOAH, b. 1671. 
(V). SARAH, b. 1673. 

(VI). BETHIA, b. 1676, killed with her mother, 1677. 
(VIH). NATHANIEL, b. 1684. 
II. NOAH, made freeman of Hadley, 1671, d. 1676, m. Mary Crow, (dau. of 
John) ; had 7 children, of which 6 died young. 

Colemans op Morris County, N. J. 
SAMUEL COLEMAN, his will, " Roxbury," 1773, June 16, prob. July 39 (Trenton 
Liber L fol. 10), names wife Rebecca and fifteen children ; he was born 1705, 
d. 1773, at 67. She was born 1723, d. 1776, at 54, both buried at Chester. Morri3 
Co. ; bis will speaks of land at Blooming Grove, Orange Co., N. Y., as obtained 
by deed, 1743, Nov. 17, from which we presume there was some connection 
between his family and the Colemans of Orange Co. ; had ch. : 

296 Early Germans of New Jersey 

I. SAMUEL, letters of adm. of est. of Samuel, deceased, granted to Abigail,. 

1777, June 17 ; she left will, 1777, Aug. 3, prob. Aug. 11, which names ch.: 
(I). WILLIAM, (not 21). 
(II). LUCRETIA Reeve, 
ail). JOANNA. 
(V). SARAH. 

(VI). MARY, will also names " my brother," Samuel Pen (Pew), and "my 
friend," Benjamin Corwin. 

IV. NATHANIEL, voter in Roxbury, 1776. 
V. EPHRAIM, leaves will, "Roxbury," 1769, Sept. 28, prob. Nov. 3 ; had 
wife, Susanna, and children : 
(V). PENELOPE; "wife pregnant." 
VIII. JOHN, prob. had ch. : 

(I). BENJAMIN, of Draketown, whose heirs, or children, sign deeds 
1803-5 ; had ch. : 

1. John. 

2. Hannah, wife of John Swegle. 

3. Anna, wife of John Wolfe. 

4. Sarah, wife of Nathan Sutton. 

IX. JOSHUA, prob. died>.t ".Walpack, Goshen," where his will is dated 1763, 
Aug. 16, prob. Oct. 15. He names wife, Sarah, and children : 
(HI). JOEL, (or Jose). 
(X). LYDIA. 
(XI). JOAB. 
JOSEPH, (his father moved West and his name is forgotten), m. Rachel and hadch.; 
I. ELISABETH, b. 1760, Jan. 3, d. 1831, Jan. 3, m. Barnabas Horton, (s. of 
Elijah) ; had only son Nathan Corwin. 

II. JOAB, unmarried. 

Coleman — Colver 297 

m. ASA.. 

V. JOSEPH, b. 1773, Dec. 17, d. 1942, March 31, at 68 yrs., 2 mos. and 14 dys., 

m. 1797, Dec. 7, Ruth Mills, (dau. of Capt. Jedidiah), b. 1776, March 8. d. 
1854, Dec. 14, at 78 yrs., 9 mo6. and 6 dys. ; both buried at Chester, N. J., 
where they resided ; had ch. : 

1. Jedidiah M., m. 1820, Aug. 20, Elisabeth Bockover, (dau. of 

Abram) ; rem. to N. Y. State. 

2. Charles, m. Lena T rimme r,. (dan of John who was son of Mat- 

thias 1st) ; rem. to Hackettstown. 

3. Sarah, m. James H. Coleman ; rem. to N. Y. State. 

4. Stephen R., b. 1808, March 18, d. 1868, Dec. 24, at 60 yrs., 9 mos. 

and 6 dys., m. Sarah Larason, (dau. of William), b. 1806, March 
25, d. 1840, Sept. 27, at 34 yrs., 6 mos. and 2 dys. ; had ch. : 
(1). Theodore, m. Ellenor Todd. idau. of William I ; resided at 
Cherry Valley ; had children : 

(a). John. m. Sarah Bartlebus. at Newark. 

(b). William, m. Catharine VTiet, near Chester. 

(c). Stephen, m. Mary Crater, (dau. of Johni, atN. Y. 

(d). Jennie. 
(2) . William, m. Elmira Trimmer : res. at Flanders. 
(3). Henry M., m. Jennie Chesnut ; rem. to Iowa. 
(4). Martha Jane, m. Sylvanus D. Budd ; res. at Budd's Lake. 

VI. JOHN, b. 23 Feb., 1779, d. 23 Jan., 1812, at 32 yrs. and 11 mos. 
VLI. SIDNEY, b. 19 Sept.. 1781, d. 22 Sept., 1798, at 17. 
Miscellaneous — Timothy Coleman, of Trenton, b. about 1750 : had Timothy; 

John, b. 1779 ; Sarah, m. Elias Smith. {Settlers of Trenton and Ewing). 


JOHN COLVER. (Culver! was the oldest settler in this part of Morris Co., of which 
we have any record. His will was dated, 2 Dec, 1732, at " Black River. Hunt. 
Co., N. J." John Bell was a witness to this will and also Seth Smith, a woman. 
The history of the Colver family is especially interesting also on account of 
their peculiar religious tenets and practices. They were leaders of the sect of 
Rogerines and brought with them from New London, Conn., to this vicinity a 
number of people. 21 in all. who shared in their particular doctrines. John 
Colver is said to have come hither with a wife and family of ten children. He 
died here in 1733, mentioning only 2 children in his will. The whole family 
seem to have moved away, one son Jabez going to Wantage twp., Sussex Co., 
and the rest to Monmouth Co. Afterwards, however, the other son of John, 
viz. John 2d, with his two sons, Thomas and Robert, returned to Schooley's 
Mountain. In 1748, Robert. " of Monmouth Co.'' buys a farm of Wm. Cook, 
part of which is now owned by Mrs. William Martenis and contains the Colver 
graves. The other son of John, viz. Thomas, bought land, 1749, near Drakes- 
town, Morns Co., N. J., from whence his grandson, David, went to Lafayette. 
From Hinman's Early Settlers of Conn., p. 773, and History of Southampton, 
p. '228, and History of Sew London. Conn., we compile the following : 

EDWARD Colver, of Dedham, Mass. ; has grant of land at Pequot, 1653 ; became 
baker and brewer in New London ; in 1664 found at Mystic, where he had 

8 Early Germans of New Jersey 

received a grant of land in 1652 ; had ch. : 
I. JOHN, the son of Edward, bap. 15 April, 1640 ; res. for some time in New 
Haven, where his dau., Abigail, was born ; after which he returned to 
Mystic. In 1734, [before 1732 T] a party of Rogerines at New London, 
consisting of John Culver, his wife and ten children, with their families, 
being 21 in all, removed to the west side of Schooley's Mountain, N. J. ; 
had at least four children : 

(I). JOHN, the son of John, b. 1670, d. Dec., 1760, at 90 ; buried on Mrs. 
Martenis place, Schooley'6 Mountain, N. J., m. Sara Winthrop, 
dau. of Gov. Winthrop, b. 1683, d. March, 1766, at 83 ; had ch., 
Thomas and Robert : 

1. Thomas, s. of John and Sarah Winthrop, bought 200 acres in 1749 

of Thomas Bat6on, near Drakestown, N. J.; will, prob. 27 Sept., 

1780, names five children : 

(1). Amos, his will prob. 4 June, 1810, Morris Co., names ch. : 
^47nos; Thomas; John; Jerusha, m. an Andrews ; Esther, 
m. a Daball ; Anna, m. a Woodworth ; Hannah, m. a 

(2). SraoK, b. 1745, d. 11 July, 1828, m. Jemima Tuttle, b. 30 
June, 1752, d. 2 Nov., 1843 ; went through Revolutionary 
War ; will, prob. Aug. 13, 1828, names 7 children : George ; 
David, b. 1787, d. 1878, m. 1809, Mary Meyers, (dau. of 
Jacob), and went to Lafayette, Sussex Co., N. J., in 1844 ; 
Sallie ; Elisabeth ; Irena ; Lidy ; Amos. 

(3). Thomas, Jr. 

(4). Ephraim, perh. Town Clerk Knowlton twp., Warren Co., 
N. J., 1789-94 ; had a son Thomas. 

(5). Lydia, m. a Winkler. 

2. Robert, the second son of John 2d, and Sarah Winthrop, came 

from Monmouth Co., when he bought 265 acres, on Schooley's 

Mountain, of Wm. Cook, b. 1714, d. 7 May, 1783, at 69 ; his will 

(Trenton Lib. M, fol. 181), Jan. 1, prob. June 16, 1783, names wife 

Anne and eight children : 

(1). David. 

(2). Timothy. 

(3). Joseph, b. 3 June, 1765, d. 15 March, 1849, at 83, m. Sarah, 
b. 17 June, 1766, d. 13 April, 1858 ; had ch.: Catherine ; 
Jacob, b. 4 May, 1801, and res. Belvidere ; Sarah, b. 7 Mar., 
1804 ; Hazelius, (" Zealous") b. 13 July, 1810 ; Electra, b. 5 
Dec, 1812, m. a Person ; Robert, m. a Meeker and lived on 
Lawrence Hunt's place ; Elisabeth, m. a Donahue ; Martha, 
m. Simon Wyckoff, and had Charity Rose, Sarah Loder, 
Caleb and Elisabeth. 

(4). Robert, Jr. 

(5). Mercy, m. a Hill. 

(6) . Anne, m. a Waeir. 

(7). Levinah, m. Frederick Saverin (Sovreen). 

(8) . Esther, m. Jacob Hann, (s. of William and Elsie) . 
(II). ABIGAIL, b. 1676. 
(1X1). JAMES, b. 1679. 


(IV). JABESH, gave a mortgage, 5 Aug., 1774, on land on "east side of 
Minnesink Mountain," Sussex Co., N. J. The rest of the ten chil- 
dren of John are unknown, 
n. JOSHUA, bap. 12 Jan., 1643. 
DJ. SAMUEL, bap. 9 Jan., 1645. 

IV. GERSHOM, bap. at Roxbury, Mass., Dec., 1648 ; found at Southampton, 
L. I., 1668 ; his will, prob. 2 July, 1716, names wife Mary and children, 
Jeremiah, David, Jonathan, Moses, Mary, Gershom. 
V. JOSEPH, bap. at Roxbury, Mass., Dec., 1648. 

VL HANNAH, bap. at Roxbury, Mass., 11 April, 1651, m. 14 Dec, 1670, John 
VII. EDWARD (?) settled Lebanon, Conn., 1700. 


JOHN CONDICT, d. 1713 ; a weaver, came with his son from Wales, his first wife 
having died, to Newark in 1678 ; m. second, Deborah ; had two ch., John, who 
died young, and Peter. 

I. PETER, a clothier, b. , d. 1714, leaving a wid. and seven children : 

(I). SAMUEL, b. 1696, d. 1777, m. first, Mary Dodd ; second, Mary Nut- 
man ; res. in Orange. 
(II). PETER, 2d, b. 1699, d. 1768, m. Phebe Dodd ; rem. to Morristown 
about 1730 ; had ch. : 

1. Joseph. 

2. Nathaniel. 

3. Silas, b. 1737, d. Sept., 1801, m. first, Phebe Day ; second, Abigail 

Byram, (dau. of Ebenezer). 

4. Ebenezer, m. Huldah Byram, (dau. of Ebenezer, of Mendham). 

5. Peter, 3d, b. , d. 1775, m. Anna Byram, (dau. of Ebenezer. of 

Mendham) ; had ch. : 
(I). Edward, b. 1769. 
(2). Byram, b. 1771. 
(3). Lewis, b. 1773. 

6. Sarah, m. a Hayward. 

7. Rhoda, m. a Prudden. 

8. Phebe, m. an Axtell. 


Two famihes of different origin spell their name alike and both resided in the 
same part of Hunterdon Co. They were the Dutch family, Cool, properly spelled 
Kool, and the German family Cool, Cole, Kohl, Knhls, Koul, Keiel and perh. Kaul. 

Cools from Holland. 
BARENT JACOBSEN KOOL, in 1633, was in New Amsterdam in the employ of 
the West India Company. The genealogy of this family was prepared and 
published, New York, 1876, by Rev. David Cole, D.D. It contains all of the 
family with the exception of that branch, which came to Readington from 
Kingston. We therefore give the latter here. Barent's family was one of five 
families living, 8 June 1633, on Bridge street, New Amsterdam. He married 
Marretje Leenderts and had children : 
I. JACOB BARENTS, prob. b. in Holland, m. Marretje (Mary) Simons ; rem. 

300 Early Germans of New Jersey 

to Esopus, near Kingston, N. T. 
II. AELTJE, bap. 23 Sept., 1640, m. 12 Sept., 1660, Paulus Turck. 

III. DIEVERTJE, bap. Feb., 1643. 

IV. APOLLONIA, bap. 29 Jan., 1645, m. 16 Oct., 1664, Wm. Vredenburgh. 
V. LEENDERT, bap. IDec., 1647, m. Marretje Cornehs, rem. to Kingston, 

New York. 
VI. ARENT, 1st, bap. 9 Oct., 1650, prob. died young. 

VII. THEUNIS, (Tunis or Anthony), bap. 17 Aug., 1653, m. first, 12 Jan., 1676, 

Marretje Gerrits (widow) ; second, 22 Nov., 1696. Willemje Langen ; rem. 

to Kingston, N. T. ; had ch. : 

(I). TEUNIS, bap. 18 Sept., 1697, m. 24 Dec, 1720, Zara (Sarah) Biks, 
(prob. dau. John Biggs); rem. to Hunterdon Co., N. J., at some 
time after 1724, when he had a child baptised at Kingston : had 7 
children, (whose children were all baptised at Readington, N. J.) : 

1. Jan. (John) bap. Kingston, 5 Nov., 1721, m. prob. in N. J., Marritje 

Low ; had ch. : 

(1). Jan, (John) bap. 1 April, 1753. 

(2). Teunis, (Anthony) bap. 13 April, 1755. 

(3). Elisabeth, bap. 24 May, 1759. 

(4i. Benjamin, bap. 3 Oct., 1762. 

2. Thammas, (Thomas) bap. Kingston, 5 Nov., 1721, m. prob. Leentje 

(Lena) Van Etten ; prob. had ch. : 

(11. Saertje. (Sarah) bap. 3 Feb., 1745. 

(2). Thomas, bap. 1 Sept., 1747. 

(3). Thomas, bap. Sept., 1751. 

(4). Thomas; bap. 25 June, 1765. 

3. Benjamin, bap. 4 Oct., 1724, m. Geertje (Gertrude); had ch.: 

(1). Saertje, bap. 11 March, 1753. 
(2). Rachel, bap. 6 June, 1756. 

4. David, m. Margrietje ; had ch. : 

(1). Davtd, bap. 21 March, 1756. 

5. Ezekiel, m. Lena ; had ch. : 

(1). Marije. bap. 13 Sept., 1767. 
<2>. Ezekiel, bap. 30 July, 1769. 
(3). Sarah, bap. 27 Jan., 1771. 
(4|. Lena, bap. 13 Dec., 1772. 

6. Isaiah, bap. July, 1742, m. Sara ; had ch. : 

(1). Tiunes, (Tunis, Anthony), bap. 24 Sept., 1766. 
(2). Marije, bap. 17 Dec., 1769. 

7. Tunis, m. Elisabeth ; had ch.: 

(1). Sara, bap. 26 Dec., 1754. 

(2). Elisabeth, bap. 8 June, 1760. 

8. Perhaps also Simon, m. Marija ; had ch. : 

(1). Willem, bap. 7 Sept., 1766. 

(2). Fred. bap. 8 April, 1770. 
(ID. ARI, bap. 11 June, 1699. 
ail). B ARENT, bap. 23 Feb., 1701. 
(TV). FRANS, bap. 25 Oct., 1702. 

VIII. ARENT, 2d, bap. 10 Oct., 1655. 
IX. FD3TER, bap. 29 Aug., 1657. 

Cool 301 

Cools prom Germany. 
CONRAD Cool, (prob. misspelled, Koenrat Keiel), was naturalized July, 1730. 
CHRISTIAN KULE (Kuhlor Cool) was naturalized, Oct., 1754 ; his will, "Am- 
well," April 10, prob. Aug. 27, 1770, names ''my two nephews Crest and Paul," 
and children : 

II. WILLIAM, whose will, " Knowlton," Jan. 6, prob. Dec. 21, 1815, names ch. : 
(I). WILLIAM, prob. b. 1766, d. 7 Oct., 1824, at 58, m. Mary, b. 1793, d. 

3 April, 1875. 
(LT). ADAM, m. Abigail ; had ch.: William, b. 1796, d. 11 Aug., 1799. 
(HI). PAUL, m. Susanna, b. 26 June, 1774, d. 6 March, 1845. 

(IV). ANNA, m. Raub. 

(V). MARY, m. [John] Linaberry. 

(VI). CATHERINE, m. Swazey. 

(VHTi. ELISABETH, m. a Teel. 

(IX). MARGARET, m. Frees. 

HI. PHILIP, m. Eva ; had ch., bap. at Lebanon and Alexandria : 
ll). ANNA EVA, b. 23 May, 1763. 
(II). MARY, b. 6 Feb., 1770. 
TV. CREST,. (Christian) ; perhaps had children : 

(I). CHRISTIAN, of Franklin twp., Warren Co. ; his widow living 1881; 
had children : 

1. John. 

2. Stauffle, (Christopher or Christian) . 

3. William. 

4. Samuel, living on the homestead. 

5. James. 

6. Jacob. 

7. Margaret. 

8. Elisabeth. 

9. Mary. 

10. Catharine. 
PAUL, prob. brother of Christian ; perhaps had ch. : 

I. LEONARD, whose will, "Amwell," 10 Aug., prob. 28 Oct., 1793, names 
wife Catherine and ch. : 
1 1). PAUL. 
(IV). MARY, m. George Dills. 
(V). ANNA. 

(VHD. SARAH, and witnesses, Peter and Jacob Dilts. 
Mr. Harvey S. Cool, butcher, of German Valley, is a son of John, whose 
f ather m. Anna Hoffman, idau. Henry and Gertrudei, and who had two sisters, 

302 Early Germans of New Jersey 

Mary and Sarah. Louisa and Mary, wid. of Geo. Dufford, are sisters of Harvey. 

Miscellaneous — Michel, of Lebanon, m. Magdalena ; had ch. : (1). Johannes, 
b. 18 May, 1769 ; (2). Christina, b. 11 Sept., 1771 ; (3). Jacob, b. 22 Oct., 1779. 
William, m. Era and had three children : (1). William, b. 15 April, 1747, m. 
Sarah Post, (dau. of John) and had Mrs. Heath, b. 24 July, 1797, d. 26 July, 1802 ; 
(2). Isaac; (3). Mary. 


JOHN, of Lynn, came over from England, in 1635, in the "Hopewell," aged 41, 
with wife Wibroe and children, Mary, aged 13 ; John, 10 ; Thomas, 7 and 
Martha, 5. He was from Olney in Buckinghamshire. He was one of the 20 
heads of families, who formed the association for the settlement of Southamp- 
ton in 1639. He was made a freeman of Boston, 6 Dec., 1636 ; one of the elders 
of the church, when it was organized at Lynn, and, in 1638, owned 200 acres in 
that town. He was not the same as John Cooper of New Haven in 1638, 
because that John Cooper had no son Thomas, while we can trace at Southamp- 
ton every one of the children of Thomas the son of John. Three daughters m. 
Thomas Topping, John Topping and James or John White. (Savage's Geneal. 
JOHN, 2d, son of John 1st, was b. 1625, d. 1677, m. Sarah and had ch.: Samuel, 

James and Thomas. 
JAMES, son of John 2d, was b. 1650, d. c' out 1722 ; had ch. : Nathan, James, 
Elisabeth, Richard, Susannah, and Hannah, who married Thomas Stephens. 
NATHAN, prob. son of James, m. 8 Oct., 1717, Mary Miller, purchased 600 acres 
at Roxiticus, Morris Co. ; first settled on the James Frost farm ; had ch. : 
I. MARY, bap. East Hampton, 1724. 

II. NATHAN, b. Feb. 22, 1725, bap. East Hampton, Mar. 7, 1725, d. Dec. 30, 
1797, m. Mehitable Seward, (dau. of Obadiah), in 1748 ; she d. April 15, 
1812, (her will prob. April 80, 1812) ; Nathan's will was dated, Roxbury, 
Dec. 28, 1797, prob. Feb. 1, 1798 ; had six children : 

(I). ABRAHAM, b. Feb. 18, 1762, d. Sept. 13, 1818, m. Nancy Wills in 
1799 ; she d. April 24, 1856 ; will dated Sept. 8, 1818, prob. Oct. 5, 
1818 ; res. at Chester, N. J. ; had two children : 

1. Beulah Ann, m. Henry Seward from Goshen. 

2. Gen. Nathan A., b. April 29. 1802, d. July 25, 1879, m. 1843, Mary 

Henrietta Liddell ; had ch. : 

(1). AnnaE. 

(2). Ab&am W. 

(3). Beulah S. 

(4). Wart L. 

(5). Tillie R. 

(6). Laura H. 

(7). Nathan A. 
(II) . NATHAN, m. Elisabeth Wills ; res. next to the old place ; had one 
child, Sarah, who married in New York. 

(III). SAMUEL, m. first, ; second, Betsey Brown, sister to Stephen 

and Nathan Brown ; res. between Chester and Feapack ; had ch. : 
Mulford, thrown from a horw ; Samuel, m. Temperance Crammer; 
Obadiah ; Daniel ; Charlotte ; Elisabeth, m. a Bunn ; Mehitable, 
m. a Bunn ; Mercy, m. Peter Bunn ; Abide, m. a Van Dike ; Mary, 

Cooper — Corwin 303 

ra. a Hunt ; Harriet, m. Daniel Losey. 
(IV) — (VI). Names unknown. 

III. ELISABETH, bap. at East Hampton, 1734. 

IV. HANNAH, bap. 1728. 

V. JAMES, prob. s. of Nathan, gave a mortgage, 1770, to Wm. Allen on 96 
acres in " Breeches Tract," next to Moses Cooper. 
VI. MOSES, prob. s. of Nathan. 

Miscellaneous — DANIEL COOPER, of Passaic Valley, was b. at sea, 1 May, 
1695, m. first, Grace Runyon and afterwards five other wives ; had ten children ; 
bought lot No. 2, 500 acres, of the Berkeley tract. Letters of adm. of the est. of 
SAMUEL, deceased, were granted, 22 Aug., 1737, to his wife Experience. JOHN, 
whose will, Newark, 16 Nov., 1732, prob. 11 March, 1737, names wife Hannah and 
sons-in-law Jonathan, Thomas and Daniel Sergeant, brother Samuel, sisters Sarah 
Woodruff, Mary Ward and Elisabeth Fraysey. 


MATTHIAS, Corwin (Curwin or Currin), b. between 1590 and 1600, d. l-12th of 
Sept., 1658 ; appears at Ipswich, 1634 ; came to Southold, L. I., 1640, in the 
company led by Rev. John Youngs. The genealogy of the Corwin family has 
been prepared and published by Dr. E. T. Corwin, D. D., now of New Bruns- 
wick, N. J. We take from his work the families that belong to our vicinity. 
The Warren and Sussex Co. families, descended from Joseph of Hopewell, 
Hunt. Co., however, have never before been published. Matthias m. Margaret 
[Morton ?]; had oh.: John, Martha and Theophilus. 
JOHN, 1st, the son of Matthias, b. about 1630, d. 25 Sept., 1702, m. 4 Feb., 1658, 
Mary Glover, (dau. of Charles) ; had ch. : John, Matthias, Samuel, Sarah, 
Rebecca, Hannah, Abigail, Mary. 
JOHN 2d. son of John 1st, called "Captain," b. 1663, d. 13 Dec., 1729, m. before 

1698, Sarah ; had ch. : Benjamin, John, David, Sarah, Elisabeth, Hester. 
JOHN 3d, son of John 2d, b. 10 July, 1705, d. 22 Dec., 17.55, m. first, Hester Clark ; 
second, Elisabeth Goldsmith ; res. 1% miles east of Mattituck, Southold twp. , 
L. I. ; had ch. : John, William, James, Sarah and Elisabeth. 
WILLIAM, son of John 3d, b. 21 Feb., 1744, d. 1 Dec., 1818, m. 14 Jan. 1768, Han- 
nah Reeves, of Mattituck, L. L, who was b. 23 May, 1747, d. 1840. William 
came to Roxbury (now Chester) about 1774 ; was soldier in French and Indian 
war ; Lieutenant in the Revolutionary army ; Representative in the New Jer- 
sey Legislature ; res. originally ljj miles north Chester ; takes mortgage in 
1776, of John Dickerson, Roxbury, N. J., on land on the Black River, next to 
Joseph Corwin ; in 1800 buys 111 acres of Aaron Stark in Roxbury ; had ch. : 
L JOHN CALVLN, b. 21 Oct., 1768, d. 6 June, 1849, m. first, Deborah Terry, 
b. 27 Dec., 1767, d. 30 Jan., 1791 ; second, Elisabeth M Vance, b. 1786, d. 
17 April, 1871: hadch.: 
(I). ELIAS. 
(V). ELIZA. 
II. SARAH, b. 13 Jan., 1771, m. Jabez Kelsey. 

•jo4 Early Germans of New Jersey 

III. HANNAH, b. 28 March, 1773, m. 8 Jan., 1795, Jeremiah Woodhull, (s. of 

William and Elisabeth Hedges). 

IV. "WILLIAM, b. 9 Oct., 1776, m. Martha Vance ; res. at Sparta, N. J., and 

New York City ; had ch. : 
Oil). ELIZA A. 
V. JAMES, b. 21 April, 1779, m. first, Margaret Cameron ; second, Elisabeth 
Smith, (widow of James Mallory, of N. Y.) ; res. in N. Y. from 1805-1820; 
had ch. : 
(II). ANN E. 
(V). JAMES. 
VI. JOSEPH, b. 6 July. 1781, d. 23 Sept., 1801, in Chester. 
VII. NATHANIEL, b. 26 Sept., 1783, d. 24 Feb., 1849, m. first, Elisabeth Hor 
ton. (dau. of Barnabas) ; second, a Monroe ; third, Adaline Pickle ; fourth, 
Sarah Bell : had children all by first wife : 
VIII. ELISABETH, b. 6 Dec, 1785, d. 27 Dec., 1860, m. Henry Halsey. 
LX. DANIEL, b. 13 April, 178S, m. first, Mary Hammill ; second, Elisabeth 
Hammill ; third, Elisabeth Sprinning ; fourth, Elisabeth Brace ; rem. 
to Oxford, Ohio ; had ch. : 
(111). MARY J. 
X. EBENEZER, b. 12 Oct., 1790, d. 8 April, 1851, m. first, Elisabeth Skellin- 

ger ; second, a Hatch : rem. to Pottersville, Ohio. 
XI, JOSHUA GOLDSMITH, b. 4 Feb., 1793. d. 9 Nov., 1867, m. Elisabeth 
Fordham. (dau. of Rev. Lenas; ; res. at Succasunna : had ch. : 
(I). MARY A. 
THEOPHILUS, a brother of John 1st and another son of Matthias, the emigrant, 
b. 1634, d. 1692 (?), m. Mary ; had ch. : Daniel, Theophilus, David, Mary, 
Mehitable, Bethia, Phebe. 
THEOPHILUS 2d. son of Theophilus, b. 1678, d. 18 March, 1762, m. Hanna h Ram- 
sey, b. 1684, d. 11 March, 1760 : res. Mattituck, L. I. ; had ch. : Timothy, John 
and Samuel. 
SAMUEL, s. of Theophilus 2d,b. 1710 (?), d. Jan., 1762, m. Experience Corwin, 13 
April, 1732 ; res. at Southold, L. I.; had ch. : Benjamin, Henry, Sarah, (died 
youngi, David, Samuel, (died young), Sarah. Samuel, Asa. 


BENJAMIN, s. of Samuel and Experience, b. 1733, d. 18 April, 1787, m. Mary : 
rem. to Roxbury, now Chester, N. J., where he is buried ; had ch. : 



V. BENJAMIN, b. 1750. d. 1830, m. Hannah ; had ch. : 

(I). JOSEPH, b. 1770-90 ; res. in Morris Co. 
(II). SARAH, b. 1783, d. 1865(!), unmarried. 
(III). MARY, b. 1770, d. 1790, m. Joshua Case. 
(IV). ELISABETH, b. 1780-90, m. Jabez Coleman. 
(V). SUSAN G., b. 6 July, 1786, d. 13 March, 1860, m. John Honnell. of 
Succasunna, b. 30 March. 1791 ; had ch. : 
1. William C. Honnell. 

3. Benjamin B. Honnell. 
8. Adam S. Honnell. 

4. John A. Honnell. 

5. Mart E. Honnell. 

(VI). RUHAMA. b. 1789, d. 1857 ; unmarried. 

1 VII). HANNAH, b. 1791 (!). ,„,„„„ 

(VIII). BENJAMIN, b. 1793, d. 1848, m. first, SusanDickerson ; second, Lois 
Young ; third, Mary Hicks ; had ch. : 
1. Sarah E. -m. !)»-"'«' tkordovi 
3. John.d 

3. Eliza E. 

4. Lewis D. 

5. Ann A. 
iX). JOHN. 

VI. JOSEPH, b. 1750 (0, d. 1833 ; had land on Black River, as early as 1767 ; 

had ch. : 

(I). SOPHIA, b. 36 Aug., 1778, d. 33 March, 1853, m. Augustus Reed. b. 

7 Oct., 1793, d. S Jan., 1834. 
(ID. PETER, b. 1781 (0, d. 1835 (?), m. Sarah Emmons, idau. of Nicholas) : 
had ch. : 
1. Nicholas. 
3. Joseph. 

3. Mart. 

4. Merinda. 

5. Ann E. 

6. Ellen. 

(III). NATHANIEL, b. 17a5, d. 1860, m. Betsey Biles ; had ch. : 
1. William. 
3. George. 
3. Drake. 
iIV). MARGARET, b. 18 Aug., 1788, d. 1 Jan., 1845, m. 31 Jan., 1818, 
Anthony Drake ; res. at Flanders, N. J. 
ISAAC, of unknown parentage, b. 7 April, 1759, d. 1 Nov., 1830, m. Experience 
Reeves ; left Long Island during the Revolutionary War and settled near 
Flanders ; had ch. : 

306 Early Germans of New Jersey 

I. DEBORAH, b. 6 June. 1780, m. Amos Leek. 
II. MARTHA, b. 29 Oct.. 1781, m. Jonah Hopkins ; res. at Palmyra, K. Y. 

III. ISAAC H, b. 4 Feb., 1782, d. 1814, m. Lydia Horton (dau. of Silas and 


IV. JOSEPH, m. Mary Hopkins : removed to Michigan ; has 2 ch. 

V. JOHN, b. 22 Jan., 1787, d. 22 Dec, 1859, m. Elisabeth M. Bryant (dau. of 
Isaac) ; res. at Chester. 
VI. MANASSEH REEVES, b. 7 Feb., 1786, m. Catherine Moore ; had ch.: 
(I). JESSE. 
VII. JAMES YOUNGS, b. 11 Nov., 1789, m. Sarah Stout : rem. to Central, N. 
Y. ; had ch. : 

(VII)— (IX). Three daughters. 
VIII. SARAH, b. 29 Dec. 1791, d. 4 April, 1841 ; unmarried. 
IX. JERUSHA, b. 6 Dec, 1793, d.-1818 ; unmarried. 
X. NANCY, b. 6 Oct., 1797, m. Jacob Rieger. 
XI. ZECHARIAH, b. 4 Oct., 1799, d. 1814. 
XII. ELISABETH, died young. 
XIH. EXPERIENCE, b. 12 Jan., 1801, d. 30 April, 1856, m. Nathan C. Hunt ; 

res. at Succasunna. 
XIV. STEPHEN OVERTON, b. 29 Sept., 1806, m. Lydia Baker ; rem. to Iowa : 
had ch. : 


Cokwins of Hunterdon and Warren Cor/NTrES. 
GEORGE, b. in England, 10 Dec, 1610 : from Northampton, England, to Salem, 
Mass., 1638. d. 3 Jan., 16S5, m. first, Elisabeth Herbert, (dau. of John) : second, 
Elisabeth White, (widow of John) ; thiwl, Elisabeth Brook, (widow of Robert) ; 
had ch.: Abigail, John, Jonathan. Hannah, Elisabeth, Penelope, Susannah, 
JOHN, the son of George, the emigrant ; had ch. : George, Elisabeth, Lucy, 

Hannah, Samuel. 
GEORGE 2d, son of John, and grandson of George, the emigrant, b. 2« Feb. 1665-6. 
d. 12 April, 1696, m. first, Susannah Gedney (dau. of John); second, Lydia 
Gedney (dau. of Hon. Bartholomew) ; Sheriff of Essex Co., Mass., 7 May, 1696 ; 
persecuted until his death by the relatives of those put to death by him for 
witchcraft ; had one child. 


BARTHOLOMEW, b. 1 June, 1693, d. 9 May, 1747 ; rem. to Amwell, Hunterdon 
Co., N. J., prob. bee. of bis father's relation to the Salem witchcraft trials, ra. 
Esther Burt, idau. of John of England) ; in 1721 paid tax in N. J., on 100 acres. 
&c. ; bad ch. : George, Richard, William, John, Joseph, Samuel. 
JOSEPH, son of Bartholomew, b. 1724, in Hopewell, X. J., d. after 1790 in Canada, 
m. Elisabeth Hixon ; rem. to Greenwich, Sussex Co., mow Warren Co.) about 
1770 ; to Allamuchy, Warren Co.. 1775 ; to Canada, 1787 ; had ch. : 
I. NAOMI, m. first, Timothy Hixon ; second, John Johnson ; removed to 

Canada, 1787. 
II. KEZIAH, m. Isaac Bell ; had ch. : 

ill). ANNA BELL, m. Moses Reed and rem. to Otisville. N. Y 
(III). SARAH BELL, m. Richard Stiff. 
(IV). JANE BELL, m. Jonn Stiff. 
(V). MARY BELL, m. Levi Howell. 
IH. SARAH, m. Jonah Howell ; had ch. : 
(II). MARY HOWELL, in. Elisha Osmun. 
IV. BARTHOLOMEW, m. and d. in New Jersey before 1787 ; had a son, 
Joseph, who died it is supposed before 1836. 
V. ELISABETH, m. John Robertson, father of Judge Aaron Robertson, from 

whose papers this genealogy was obtained. 
VI. MARY, m. Levi Cook and had ch. : 
il). LEVI COOK. 
,11). ASA COOK. 
(III). RACHEL COOK, m. Nathaniel Hunt. 
VTI. AMELIA, m. Moses Reed ; rem. to Otisville. N. Y. 1 had ch. : 
(IV). MARY REED, m. a Smith. 
1V1. ELISABETH REED, m. a Knapp. 
vni. GEORGE, died young. 
IX. ESTHER, m. John Silverthorn ; rem. to Canada. 
X. ANN, m. Adam Spencer and rem. to Canada. 
XI. RACHEL, m. a Fletcher and rem. to Canada. 
XII. BENJAMIN, m. Penelope Swayze ; rem. to Canada ; had one daughter, 

Elisabeth, who m. James Lewis. 
XIII. JOSEPH, m. Lydia Swayze ; rem. to Canada ; had ch.: 
(I). JOSEPH, unmarried. 
(II). MARY, m. James Wilson. 

308 Early Germans of New Jersey 

(III). JOHN, m. Catherine Upper. 
XIV. SAMUEL, b. 1769, d. 1863, m. Anna Beam ; rem. to Canada ; had ch. : 
(I). ELISABETH, b. 1799. 
(11). KEZIAH, b. 1801. 
(III). CATHARINE, b 1802. 
(IV). BARTHOLOMEW, b. 1803. 
(V). SUSAN, b. 1804. 
(VI). JOSEPH, b. 1807, unmarried. 
(VII). MARY, b. 1808. 
(Villi. ASENATH, b. 1810 ; died young. 
(IX). JACOB, b. 1812 ; died young. 
(X). SARAH, b. 1813. 
(XI). PRISCILLA, b. 1817, d. 1836. 
(XII). DELDAMIA, b. 1820. 
(XIII). JANE b. 1822. 


JACQUE COSSART, prob. from Picardy, in Normandie or Bretagne, France, 
about 1657. with two children (of the ages, 18 mos. and 2 yearsi and wife Lydia. 
(Baird's Huguenots Vol. 1, p. 183). Another authority says they came to this 
country in 1663 by way of the river Delaware. The name is variously spelled 
Cossart, Cousart ; he had children : 
I. JACQUE (or Jacob), bap. 1668, April 18, in New York, m. 1695, Anna 

Mary Springsteen, (dau. of John Casper). 
II. DAVID, bap. 1671, June 18, d. between 1736-40, m. 1696, Styntie Van 
Hoorne, (dau. of Joris Jansen) , b. 1677 ; had ch. : 
(I). JORIS (George), b. 1699, Nov. 19, m. Lisabeth ; had Jannete, bap. 

1723, Oct. 29. 
(II). JACOB, b. 1702, Jan. 28, m. Henna and had ch. : 

1. Lydeya, bap 1723, Dec. 23. 

2. Lisabeth, bap. 1725, Feb. 7. 

3. Jacob, bap. 1739. Nov. 14. 

(III). DA VTD, b. 1704, April 23, m. Catalyntie and had. 
1. Stetnt, bap. 1735. July 13. 
3. David, bap. 173S. Sept. 17. 

3. Geertie, bap. 1740. Jure 29. 

4. Susanna, bap. 1742, June G. 

5. Catalyntie. bap. 1744, Aug. IS. 

6. Jacobus, bap. 1745, Oct. 6. 

7. Frans, bap. 1750, Aug. 6. 

8. Efye, bap. 1752, Jan. 20. 

9. Marya, bap. 1754, Jan. 12. 
10. Neltie, bap. 1756, Aug. 22. 

(IV). MARIA, b. 1706, July 3, m. Williamson. 

(V). SUSANNA, b. 1709, April 10, m. Canine. 
(VI). JOHN, b. 1711, Nov. 6. 
(VII). FRANCIS, prob. m. Margrita and had, 

1. Mardalena, bap. 1741, Jan. 1. 

2. David, bap. 1743. June 5. 

3. Jacob, bap. 1751, May 12. 

4. Stynte, bap. 1755, Sept. 7. 

COSAD 309 

5. Elisabeth, bap. 1757, Aug. 22. 
(LX). JANE. 
(X). EVA. 
|XI). LEAH, deceased at date of her father's will ; had son Hendrick 
III. ANTHONY, b. 1673, m. 1696. Elisabeth Valentine idau. of Jan. Tymen- 
sen) ; had ch. : 
(I). JACOB, b. at Brooklyn. 1701. d. at Bound Brook, N. J., 1772, April 

19, m. Ann ; will, (Bridgewater, Somerset Co.), dated 1772. 

Feb. 4. prob. May 2, names children : 

1. Jacob, b. 1724, d. 1812, Jan. 26, at 88 ; buried at lit. Olive, Morris 

Co., N. J., m. Elisabeth . b. 1724, d. 1812, March 12, at S8 : 

buried same place, prob. had, 

(1). "Deacn" Samuel, b. 1760, Aug. 26, d. 1841, March 7. m. 

Lucretia. b. 1783, d. 1840. at 57 (1). 
(2). Lea, bap. 1743, Aug. 28. 

2. Samuel, b. 1725, d. 1811, m. ill Ann Clark ; (2) Persilla Bun. the 

widow Fairchildt. will (Mendhami, dated 1806, Feb. 15. prob. 

1811, March 5. mentions wife. " Persilla and her son. Ebenezer 

Fairchild," and children : 

(1). Polly. 

(2). Eunice. 

(3). Rody. 

(4). Anna, wife of Nathan Bunnel. 

(5). Samuel. 

(6). Henry. 

(71. Eliphalet. 

(8). Caty. 

(9). Aby, m. Andrew McGraath. 
(10). Elisabeth, m. Thomas McGreath. 
(11). Mary. 
(12). Phebe, m. Ziba Casterline. 

3. Job, d. 1815, m. Hannah . b. 1733, d. 1815, Slarch 2 ; will 

dated. Newton, 1812, Aug. S, prob. 1815. Sept. 25. mentions 

"Congregational meeting house, which I built." and ch. : 

(1). Anna, m. Peter Fisher. 

(2). Phebe. 

(3). Hannah, m. John Allet. 

(4). Job. 

(5). Nathaniel. 

(6). Elihu. 

4. Anthony, whose will, dated 1790, May 4. prob. June 1U, names ch. 

(1). Jacob. 

i2). Aaron. 

(3). John. 

(4i. Mary Compton. 

(5). Elisabeth. 

16). Catherine. 

(7). Hannah. 

(8). Thomas. 

310 Early Germans of New Jersey 

(9). Samuel. 
5. Anna, m. Onesimus Bell. 

(i. Mary, m. Sutton, ('"widow"). 

7. Leah, m. Jos. Riggs, ("widow"). The will mentions also a grand- 
son, Abram Lewis, prob. s. of the following : 
[8. Elisabeth, m. 1743, April 12, Eliphalet Lewis, of Black River.] 
JOHN, prob. great grandson of Jacque, the emigrant ; will dated 1757, Jan. 13, 
prob. May 19, names children : 
I. DERRICK (Richard), m. Barbara Heldebrant, (dau. of John), who died 
1806 ; had ch. : 

(I). John, b. 1786, Sept. 8, m. Mary Seals, (dau. of John) ; hadch.: Ben- 
jamin, b. 1808, Mar. 6, m. Elisabeth Van Natta, (dau. of Elijah) ; 
Maria, m. a Bogert ; John, b. 1814, May 11 ; Barbara, George, 
Herbert, James, Catherine, Ellen, Amos. All except Benjamin 
went West. 
(II). George, m. Phebe Cregar. 
(III). Richard, m. Catherine Cregar. 
(IV). Elisabeth, m. Harmon Heldebrant, (s. of Stoffel). 
(V). Barbara, b. 1794. Jan. 2. m. Jacob Leffier. 
(VI). Catherine B., b. 1782, May 29 ; unmarried. 
(VII). Polly, b. 1791. Oct. 11, m. Christopher Leffler. 
II. BENJAMIN, went "to South Seas." 




"About 1700, George Cussart purchased land of Thomas Rudyard and built a 
house where hotel now stands in Bound Brook." 


JOHN HENRY COUSE, b. in Germany, 1735, Aug. 4, d. 1804, Dec. 11, (will prob. 
1804, Dec. 21) ; m. Mary Knoph, b. 1727, Nov. 30, d. 1814, Feb. 28 ; emigrated 
from Germany to Philadelphia, 1749 ; had ch. : 
I. MARIA, m. Daniel Struble. 
II. JOHN, b. 1759, Sept. 3. d. 1845, Mar. 24, m. 1784, April 27, Mary Rarick, 
(dau. of Conrad, or Henry), b. 1759, d. 1834, Dec. 11 ; had ch. : 
(I). Henry, d. in Hampton Twp.. Sussex Co. 
(II). Peter. 

(III). William, died in Virginia. 
(IV). John. 

(V). David, b. 1804, May 14, m. Mary A. Price, (dau. of Henry.) 
(VI). Catherine, m. Benjamin Halsey. 
(VII). Susan, m. Jacob Welsh, (s. of Philip). 
(VIII). Mary. 
(IX). AssaM., m. Wm. H. Johnson. 

III. MARGARET, m. John Wintermute. 

IV. ELISABETH, m. Henry Snook. 
V. EVE, m. Peter Kemple 


Craig 311 


ANDREW CRAIG, b. 1662, d. 1739, Oct. 6, at 77 ; came to N. J. with the Scotch 
in Gov. Lawrie's time, m. Susanna, b. 1668, d. 1727, April 6, at 59. The Rev. 
George Keith, Episcopal missionary, was entertained at his house in Elisabeth . 
1703, November, and preached there the first sermon by an Episcopal minister 
ever delivered in the town, and baptized four of the Craig children. In 1700, 
March, he was admitted as an associate of Elisabethtown purchasers, and drew 
lot No. 162, on S. W. side of the Rahway river, within the bounds of the pres- 
ent town of Westfield. (Hatfield Hist. Elisabeth.) His will dated 28 Sept., 
1738, prob. 24 Oct., 1739 ; names grandson, Ab. Terrill, and ch. : 
II. JOHN, b. 1695, d. 22 Aug., 1758, at 03 ; buried in St. John's churchyard. 
Elisabeth, N. J. ; perhaps had ch. : 

(I). John, named in deed of land to Lamington Church 1743, March 30 : 
his will dated Bernards twp., Som. Co., 1773, Nov. 17, prob. Dec. 
21, names Will. Linn's son Samuel, anu also John Stitt, of High- 
lands, N. Y., and the following who were prob. brothers and sisters: 
(II). Samuel, named in his brother John's will, |1773, Nov. 17); had oh.: 
John, Alexander, Ttose. 
iIII). David, named in his brother John's will, (1773, Nov. 171 ; has 3 sons. 
(IV). Rose, named in her brother John's will, (1773, Nov. 17), m. Alexander 
Chambers, of Trenton ; had son James Chambers. 
(V). Margaret, named in her brother John's will, (1773, Nov. 17), :n. 
William McBride. 



VIII. ARCHIBALD, ,s. of John, dec.l; his will dated Freehold. 1751, Feb. Jo. 
prob. April 24. names wifa Mary and children : 

ill. Samuel, had children : 1. El'sabeth; 2. C'sula; 3. Jfom: 4. John: 
5. William; <>. T'rsula Fortnan (widowi; 7. Sarah, in. JohnAndar- 
son ; S. Hunnnli, m. Will. Crawford ; 9. Mi-ij, ra. Peter Gordon ; 
10. Elisabeth, m. John Gordon ; 11. Catherine, m. John Loyd ; 12. 
Margaret, m. Walter Kerr. 
MOSES, b. 1702, d. 1777, July 31, at 75 : bought farm near New Germantown, 1757. 
May 2, of Jacob Vanderveer, and deeded the same, 1759, Dec. 11, to his son, 

I. ROBERT, b. 1734. Nov. 15. d. ; m. first, 1756, Feb. 7, Anna , b. 

1731, Dec. 3, d. 777, Feb. 24; second, Elisabeth Taylor, of Monmouth 
Co.; had 4 sons and ldau., only two of whom are known to the- writer, viz: 
(I). William, b. 1785, March; with his brother Joseph bought out the 
other heirs and willed his property to his son, 
1. Robert, b. 1815, March 10, m. 1840, Jan. 9, Elisabetn Field, idau. 
Richard) ; had children : 
ill. William. 

(2). Richard F., m. Alice L. Welsh, idau. David the 4th). 
(3). Sarah E., m. Henry W. Cline, of High Bridge. 
(4). Gertrude P., m. David Denham. 
(5). Henky F., m. Mary WyckofT, of Kansas. 

312 Early Germans of New Jersey 

(6). Mary L., m. William Dunham, of Pottersville. N. J. 
(7). Margaret V.; unmarried. 
(8). Anna B.; unmarried. 
(9). Robert ; unmarried. 


Among the Palatines of the second emigration in New York. 1710. was Anna 
Maria Cramerin (widow), b. 1680 (?), who had ch. : 
I. [JURGEN (George) ?] "eldest son, b. 1692," m. Elisabeth ; on the Ran- 
tan, 1733, a witness to the bapt'sm of Elisabeth, the dau., 6 months old, 
of Jurgen Kastner and Naomi. 


V. JULIANA MARIA, b. 1708. 

MATTHIAS, may have been the son of Jurgen or Hendrick ; or he may have 
landed at Philadelphia in 1731, Oct. 14 ; had ch. : 
I. MORRITZ, m. Erperiensen Harris ; rem. 1808 from Hunterdon Co. to 
Mendham, Morris Co., N. J. : had children (order uncertain) : 
(Ii. George, b. 1768, m. Mary Ann Shriner ; had ch.: 1. Morris Sharp, 
b. 179'J, Feb. 6, m. Elisabeth Smith (dau. of Jacob); 2. Mary, m. 
Abraham Seward ; 3. William, m. first, Mary A. Travice ; second, 
a woman of theLake Country, N. T., nochildren ; 4. John, b. 1800. 
m. first, Ann Clark (dau. of Isaac); second, widow Sarah Day; 5. 
George, b. 1805, m. first, Charity ; second, Catherine Badsley ; no 
children ; 6. Jacob Har~ris, b. 1808, Oct. 26, m. Esther H. Lewis, 
(dau. of Capt. David) ; no children ; 7. Elisabetli, b. 1816, m. Jchn 
Smith (s of Capt. David). 
(II). Thomas, b. 1769, Dec. 7 ; probably unmarried. 

'III). Morris, b. 1775, July 20, m. Polly Sanders, prob left will, 1831, Mar. 
15, Mendham, which names wife, Mary, and son, Z>ba S. ; other 
children referred to but not named. 
(IV). Isaac, b. 1777, July 12, d. 1841, Jan. 14. m. Jane Cooper. 
(V). Matthias, m. Margaretha ; had Isaac, b. 1790, April 11. 
(VI). Elisabeth, m. a Betson. 

(VIIi. Nancy, m. Aaron Horton (s. of Nathaniel and Rebecca). 
II. MATTHIAS, m. Anna Maria Henn, b 1741, March 5, d 1804, Jan. 17 : 
had 2d husband, John Sharp (s. of Morris 1st); she was a "cousin to 
Rev. Mr. Hunt's second wife." His will prob. 1783 ; had children (order 
uncertain) : 

(I). Elisabeth, m. George Young. 
(II). Catherine, m. David Black. 
(III). Anna, b. 1766, Dec. 28, d. 1839, May 18, m. Capt. John Hager (s. of 

Lawrence) . 
(IV). Mary, m. Morris Sharp. 
(V). William, b. 1770, Jan. 8, m. Mary Ellen Carhart ; had ch.: 1. Ann, 
m. John Rockefellar (s. of David) ; 2. Mary, m. William Bellis (s. 
of Adam); 3. Matthias, b. 1795, March 16, m. Sarah Aller (dau. of 
John) ; 4. George, m. Lydia Hays, (dau. of John) ; 5. Elisabeth, m. 
Abraham Van Fleet (dau. of John) ; 6. Crhistiann, m. John Van 

Cramer — Crater 313 

Sickle ; 7. Catherine, m. James Hoffman, (s. of Henry) ; 8. Ellen, 
m. Henry Hoffman, (s. of Henry) ; 9. Susnn, m. John Yauger, (s. 
of John) ; 10. Morris, lived at Pluckamin ; 11. David, m. a Hoffman 
(dau. of Peter); 12. William, m. Mary Yauger (dau. of John). 

(VT). [Mart] Dorothy, b. 1772, March 11, m. Lawrence Lowe. 
(VII). Matthias, b. 1774, Sept. 23, m. Christina Sharp (dau. of John and 
Lena) ; had ch. : 1. Mary, m. John Lowe (s. of Benjaminl ; 2. 
Catherine, died at sixteen ; 3. John Sharp, b. 1798, July 29. m. 
Catherine Krieger (dau. of John) ; 4. Matthias Sharp, b. 1800, 
Sept. 19, m. Julia Fisher (dau. of Peter) ; 5. David, m. Elisabeth 
Everitt (dau. of Elisha): 6. Ann, m. Benj. Boss; 7. Matilda, m. 
David Welsh Dallicker (3. of William). 
(VIII). Elsa Catherine, b. 1779, April 8, m. Philip Alpock. 

(IX). Margaret, m. Morris Welsh (s. of William and Dorothea!, b. 1774. 
Dec. 16. 

(X). Noah. m. Mary Emery idau. of Peter); had eh.: 1. Mary Hrnn. b. 
1798, Oct. 9, m. Jacob Tiger is. of John); 2. Ann, a preacher, went 
West ; 3. Elisabeth, m. a Higgins ; 4. Xoah Stuart, b. 1801, m. Ann 
Hoffman [dau. of Peter), b. 1794, June 3, and had Mary, Peter, b. 
1824, Feb. 10, m. Sarah Skinner (dau. of Sam. ) , John and Elisabeth ; 
5. Becky ; 6. Matthias ; and one or two more who died young. 

III. GEORGE, m. Sophia ; had one child, baptised at Lebanon, and the other 

two at Easton. 

(I). John Matthias, b. 1774, August; perhaps m. A. Rosina, and had 

Jacob, b. 1793, Dec. 3. 
(II). Moritz, bap. 1781, Sept. 23. 
(111). Carl, bap. 1784, Jan. 9. 

IV. ANTHONY (?) elder of Lebanon Ger. Ch., 1769, perhaps ra. Dina ; had 

children bap. as follows : 1. Anna, 1781, May 3 ; 2. Sophia, 1787, June 
4 ; 3. Elisabeth, 1791. March 4. 
V. WILLIAM (?), m. Mary: has children baptised : 1. Wilhelm, 1781. July 
23 ; 2. Anna Gertraut, 1785, Oct. 27 ; 3. Ruth (T), 1788, Sept 7 ; 4. Mary, 
VI. BLEICH (7), on Peter Nitzer's ledger, 1763. 
VII. NICHOLAS (0, m. A. Barbara and has child Samuel Frederick, baptised 

1772, Feb. 15. 
VIII. MARY (?), b. 3 May, 1753, d. 7May, 1821, m. Philip Cummins (s. 1'hristiani. 
Miscellaneous — On Kingston. N. Y., church records, Anthony Kramer and 
Gertray (Gertrude) Scheerman have Johan Hendrick, bap. 1712, Nov. 2, and 
Gertruy bap. 1718, Jan. 12. Also Wendel Cremer (or Kramer) b. in Germany, 
married, 1772, Oct. 24, Sara Stuward, b. at Esopus, and their children were, I. 
Johannes, bap. 1775, Sept. 24. II. Peter, bap. 1780, Feb. 13. III. Jacob, 1782. Jan. 
27. IV. Sara, bap. 1784, May 30. V. Karel (Charles), bap. 1786, Aug. 20. VI. 
Elisabeth, bap. 1789, Feb. 1. On the same records we find as witnesses Nicholas, 
and Elis. Dibbel, 1789, and William, 1779, April 4. William Cramer in Southold, 
L. I., 1672, .removed to Elisabethtown. 


Tradition says that two brothers ran away to avoid prescription into the Ger- 
man army ; and that both were sold for their passage, one to a Quaker in Pa., and 

314 Early Germans of New Jersey 

the other to a man in New Jersey. These brothers names were probably John and 

Morritz. John appears in Tewksbury twp., in 1756, but none of his descendants 

have been found. They are supposed to have gone to Canada. On Aug. 19, 1729, 

Moret Creeter (Moritz Creter '() arrives at Phila. in ship Mortonhouse. 

MORRITZ, b. 1712, d. 1772, April 6, aged 60, m. Elisabeth, b. 1706, d. 1771, March 

18 ; bought 308 acres, near Fox Hill Pres. Ch., of Joseph RecklesB, 7 Feb., 1748, 

and 450 acres at Hacklebarney, of John and Thomas Leonard in 1762, also 150 

aci-es at Pleasant Grove (John P. Sharp farm J), in 1752, of John Wood ; his 

will prob. 1772, April 24, mentions children : 

I. JACOB, the "eldest," to be taken care of by his brothers and sisters. 
II. MORRITZ, b. 1742, Feb. 24, d. 1806, Feb. 18 ; his will prob. 1806, Feb. 28, 
m. first, Maria Margaret Teete, b. 1746, July 9, d. 1800, Feb. 19 : second, 

, 29 July, 1800 ; had ch. : 

(I). Elisabeth, b. 1765, Dec. 13, m. George Moore. 
(ID. George, b. 1767, Aug. 24, d. 1792. 
(III). Hester, b. 1769, July 11, m. Martin Bunn. 

(IV). Leonard, b. 1771, Sept. 11. (According to the will he was to be 
supported by his brothers and sisters) . 
(V). Catherine, b. 1774, July 31, m. Jacob "Welsh (s. of William). 
(VI). Philip, b. 1776, Oct. 31, d. 185C, March 19, m. 1799, Nor. 19, Susanna 
Sutton (dau. of John), b. 1776, d. 1842, Sept. 24, owned land at 
Chester, held by two conveyances ; had ch. : 1. Morris P., b. 6 
Aug., 1800, d. 2 Dec., 1876, m. Abbie Runyon (dau. of Rich.), b. 17 
Sept , 1790, d. 1 Dec., 1872 ; 2. Mary, b. 1803, m. Wm. Rhinehart ; 
3. Elisabeth, b. 1805, m. Fred. H. Shangle (s. of Fred.) ; 4. Wil- 
liam, b. 1807, died young ; 5. Anna, b. 4 July, 1809, d. 28 Oct., 
1883, m. Peter Latourette ; 6. John, m. Mary McKingtrey ; 7. 
Sarah, m. Christopher Tiger ; 8. Margaret, m. George Smith ; 
9. Susan, m. John Honeyman. 
(VII). John, b. 1779. Sept. 7, m. 1802, Aug. 8, Charlotta Leek, b. 1781, Sept. 
19 ; had ch. : 1. Anna, b. 1805 ; 2. Jean Melinda Smith, b. 1810 ; 3. 
John S., b. 1819, died at two years. 
(Vni). Morritz, Jr., b. 1782, Oct. 80, m. Catherine Cripps, b. 1782, Jan. 5 ; 
had ch. : 

1. Maria, b. 1805, July 9, m. W. M. Eick. 

2. Sarah, b. 1807, Feb. 12, m. first, Peter B. Sutton ; second, Alfred 

Pickle (s. of George). 

3. David, b. 1809, Jan. 1, m. Elisabeth Lomerson (dau. of Jacob); 

had ch.: (1). Catherine, b. 1837, May 17, m. William Fisher. 
(Naughright) ; (2). Charity A., b. 1839, July 28, m Samuel Sut- 
ton (a. of Wm.); (3). David D., b. 1841, July 6, m. first, Mary 
Louisa, and second, Sarah Lunger (daughters of Abram) ; had 
ch. : (1st wife) Melancthon W., b. 1864, m. Mary Louisa, b. 
i865 ; (2nd wife) Luther W., b. 1878, m. Cora Bell, b. 1872 ; (4). 
Amanda, b. 1845, Aug. 25, m. Elias Philhower (s. of Philip) ; 
(5). Morris D., b. 1847, June 27, m. Louisa Hoffman (dau. of 
Jesse); (6). John L., b. 1849, May 14, m. Alice Martin; (7). Mary 
Wood, b. 1851, Oct. 16, m. Rev. W. O. Rushton ; (8). Oeorge 
Edward, b. 1855, Feb. 1, m. Emma Lance (dau. of Cornelius) . 

4. Margaret Melinda, b. 1811, Feb. 9, m. Anthony Rockafellow. 

Crater 315 

5. Jacob Kline, b. 1813. Aug. 8, m. Eliza Dorlon ; had ch.: (1). 

John, m. Eliza Fleet (dau. of Richard). (2). George F.,m. Sarah 
Ellen Fleet (dau. Wm. H.). (3). Mollis, m. Amanda Wood (dau. 
of "Al."). (4). Marietta, m. Asbury Farley is. of Oliver W.). 
(5). Henrietta, unmarried. 

6. Sophia, b. 1816, March 8, m. Ockley A. Wise. 

7. Morris D., b. 1817, Oct. 13, died at 4 years of age. 
(IX). Conrad, b. 17*5, July 30, d. 1789. 

(X). William, b. 1788, Sept. 13. 
III. PHILIP, b. 1744, d. 1797, Sept. 30, in. Barbara Flock (dau. of Andreas), b. 
1744, d. 1841, July 14. His will was dated 1791, Nov. 6, and mentions 
"440 acres of land on which I now live" ; res. in Chester twp. ; bought 243 
acres at Parker, 1785, part of Wetherell tract ; had children : 
(I). Morritz, b. 1766, Feb. 14, d. 1850, May 12, m. Anna Stephens, b. 
1769, March 2, d. 1836, Dec. 4 ; had ch. : 

1. David, b. 1790, Jan. 31, m. Mary Shangle. 

2. Andreas, b. 1791, Nov. 17, m. Neighbor. 

3. Elisabeth, b. 1794, Jan. 26, died unmarried. 

4. George, b. 1796, March 27, m. Margaret W- lsh (dau. of Philip) ; 

had ch. : (1). Philip Welsh, m. Jane Conklin (Newark); (2). 
Anna Maria, m. Benj. Dickerson ; (3). David Welsh, m. Elis- 
abeth A. Howell ; (4). Mancius Hutton, died young ; (5). Oeo. 
Edwin, m. Elvira Hatton ; (6). Eliat, m. Catherine E. Swack- 
hamer ; resided at Flanders. 

5. Margaret, b. 1798, May 8, m. Conrad Ranch (s. of Conrad 1st). 

6. Sarah Plum, b. 1800, June 25, unmarried ; removed to New 

Comerstown, Ohio. 

7. Barbara, b. 1801, Dec. 27, d. 1863, Aug. 4, m. Praster Crater (?). 

8. Anna Delant, b. 1804, May 7, m. Robert Pitney. 

9. Sophia Bowman, b. 1306, May 23, m. Thomas Jennings. 

10. Morris, b. 1808, Dec. 16, m. Helena Voorhees. 

11. John Gilbert, b. 1811, April 6, m. first, Mary Messier ; second, 


12. Anna Maria, b. 1811, April 6, m. James Yawger. 

(II). John, b. 1768, Sept. 22, d. 1825, June 20, m. Mary Schenckle (dau. of 
Heinrich), b. 1768, Sept. 18, d. 1844, Feb. 18 ; had ch. : 1. Philip, b. 
1789, Sept. 12, m. Catherine Fritts, b. 1795, Jan. 1 ; 2. Isaac, b. 1793, 
Aug. 27, m. Ann Arrowsmith, b. 1797, May 20 ; 3. Barbara, b. 

1796, April 30, m. John R. Heath (s. of Joseph), b. 1790, April 27 ; 
4. Lawrence, b. 1799, Feb. 14, m. Mary Hoover (dau. of Crater), b. 

1797, Oct. 26. 

(III). Matthias, lived at Glen Gardner ; m. Sophia, b. 10 Feb., 1773, d. 10 
July, 1813 ; had a large family, all of whom went West except 
1. John, who died at Drakestown ; had ch. : (1). Philip, m. Angeline 
Lake (dau. of Thomas) and rem. from Springtown to Phillips- 
burg ; (2). George, m. Elsie Ann Durham ; (3). Joseph, m. twice 
and rem. to Easton ; (4). John A., m. first, Pernina Rarick (dau. 
of William) ; second, Mandie Smith ; (5). Barbara, m. a Betson ; 
(6). Rachel Ann, m. Harman Stark ; (7). Sarah, m. Jefferson 
Lake, of Naughright. 

316 Early Germans of New Jersey 

IV. ESTHER, m. Thomas Bushkirk (Van Buskirk). 
Mr. Lewis Crater, of Reading, Pa., is collecting materials for a complete geneal- 
ogy of the Pennsylvania family, and has kindly furnished the following : " The 
different branches spell their names : Greter, Gredtr, Grader, Grater, Krater, 
and Crater. Michael Kreter is mentioned as having been a partner of Rev. Henry 
Melchior Muhlenberg in some real estate transactions in the city of Reading, Penn. 
But the family in Pennsylvania descended from JACOB, who arrived from Ger- 
many by way of Holland, 17 Aug., 1733 ; was a Mennonite, and one of the most 
active members of the church at Skippack, Pa. ;" had children, according to the 
family record in German : 

I. JACOB, b. 25 May, 1729. 
II. MARIA, b. 18 April, 1731. 

III. JOHANNES, b. [8 April], 1734, d. 8 March, 1818, at 84 years and 11 mos.. 

m. Margaret, b. 5 March. 1741, d. 5 Sept., 1810, at 68 yrs. and m.; had ch.: 
(I). Maria, b. 19 Oct., 1760, in the sign of the waterman. 
(II). Jacob, b. 1 Oct., 1763, d. 27 May, 1763. 
(III). Johannes, b. IS July, 1765. 
(IV). Abraham, b. 19 April, 1766. 
(Vi. Cadarina [Catherine], b. 23 May, 1771. 
(VT). Ludwig, b. 5 Jan., 1775. 
(VII). Elisabeth, b. April, 1779. 

IV. ELISABETH, b. 1730. in the sign of the Fish. 

V PAUI.US, b. 8 July, 1738, in the sign of the " Lobe." 
VI. BARBARA, b. 21 Sept.. 1740, in the sign of the Fish. 
VII. CHRISTIAN, b. 30 Jan., 1743. 
VIII. (name torn off), b. 17 Jnly, 1745. 
IX. (name torn off), b. 6 June, 1750. 
X. (name torn off), b. 2 May, 1753. 
XI. MICHAEL, b. 1758. 


ANDRIES CREGAR, prob. came to this country in 1741, Nov. 20, when Johann 
Andreas, Johan Peter and Johann Henrieh Krieger arrive at Phila. in the 

ship, Europa ; m. Ann ; will dated 1770, Feb. 8, prob. 1770, April 7, names 

children : 

II. JOHN, m. Annie Rodenback : will prob. 1833, Sept. 10 ; had ch. : 
(I). John, b. 1770, Aug. 12, m. Catherine Hoppock (dau. of Peter). 
(II). Ann, b. 1772, July 30, m. a Hoppock. 
(III). Mart, b. 1776, Nov. 10, m. Peter Young ; had ch.: 1. Anna Young, 
b. 1792, Nov. 19 ; 2. Elisabeth Young, b. 1795, May 20 ; 3. William 
Young, b. 1800, April 27 ; 4. Andrew Young, b. 1806, Jan. 24. 
(IV). Andrew, b. 1779, Jan. 5, d. 1861, July 30, m. Charity Voorhees (dau. 
of Abraham), b. 1784, Jan. 10, d. 1863, June 25 ; had ch.: 

1. John, m. Ellen Sweazey (dau. of Andrew) ; had ch. : (1). Andrew ; 

(2|. Peter; (3). Abraham; (4). William; (5). Elias, died youug ; 
(6). Charity; (7). Catherine A.; (8). Mary; (9). Eliza. 

2. Abraham, m. Mary Groendyke (dau. of John). 

3. William, m. Elisabeth Dilts (dau. of John) ; had ch. : (1). John ; 

Cregar — Cummins 317 

(2). Andrew; (3). Thomas ; (4). Caroline. 
4. Peter, m. Eva Alpaugh idau. of William); had eh. : (1). Elias: 

(2). Xahum; (3). Sarah Arm; i4). Matilda; (5). Mahala; (6). 

Lydia; (7). Harriet. 
.5. Andrew, b. 1S08, Aug. 1. m. Harriet Lance tdau. of Wm.) ; had 

ch. : (1). Edgar Isaac, m. Margaret Beekman. 
o. Elias V., m. Eliza A. Neighbor (dau. of George). 

7. Jacob, b. 1821, March 29, m. Mary Catherine Neighbor (dau. of 

George); had ch.: (1). George .V., m. Emily -Ann Haver ; |2). 
Mary Elisabeth, m. Oliver Fntts, of Hamden ; (3). Isaac L., m. 
Susan Hummer ; res. at High Bridge ; i4). Susan E , m. Cyrus 
Bird ; res. in Union twp. 

8. Isaac, died young. 

9. Lucas, unmarried. 

10. Elisabeth Ann. m. Dennis Bowlsby; removed to Indiana. 

11. Williampje, died young. 

12. Sarah, died young. 

13. Catherine, m. James Bunn. 

(V). William, b. 1781, Aug. 6, m. Ann Nitzer idau. of Jacob); went to 
Ohio ; had sixteen or seventeen children. 
(VI). Peter, m. Elisabeth McDaniel ; had children (order uncertain! : 1. 
John; 2. Andrew, m. a Perry ; 3. Mary A., m. George Perry ; 4. 
Elisabeth, b. 1791. March 17 ; 5. Rebecca, b. 1794, May 22. 
(VII). Elisabeth, m. Paul Wean. 
(VIII). Catherine, m. Wm. Stephenson. 

IV. JACOB, m. Elisabeth ; haach.: 
ll). Andres, b. 1779, April 27. 
(II). Elisabeth, b. 1780, Sept. 21. 
(III). Ann Christina, b. 1782, May 12. 
V. ANN. 

Miscellaneous — CONRAD, m. Catherine Elisabeth : hadch.: I. John Peter. 
b. 1768, Sept. 19 ; II. Hans Adam, b. 1770, Sept. 3 ; III. Mary Elisabeth, b. 
1774, Aug. 25. CHRISTIAN, will dated Kingwood, Hunterdon Co.. 1760, April 
17, probated Dec. 3, me tions "Going on expedition in company of Col. Hunt, 
under Col. Peter Schuyler," and names ch.: I. Peter; II. William; III. 


CHRISTEON (Christian), b. March 16, 1716, d. 1781, m. Catherme , b. April 

18, 1723, d. 1797 ; purchased a farm of 250 acres, where Asbury, Warren Co., 
is now situated, and at a later period, other farms in Bethlehem twp.. Hunt. 
Co., and in Lower Hard wick, Sussex Co., so that at the time of his death in 
1781, he owned 625 acres of land. The name Cummins is said to be the same as 
Cumyn, Comyn, or dimming, names, which appear frequently in the history 
of England and Scotland. The original family of this name arose from the 
vicinity of the town of Comines in France. They came over to England with 
the conqueror, and Robert Comyn was sent by William, with 700 men to reduce 

ji8 Early Germans of New Jersey 

the northern provinces, In the middle of the 13th century, there were four 

Scottish Earls in the family. Nearly annihilated by Robert Bruce, the sole 

survivor of the family escaped to England and there established important 

connections. [Blackie's Modern Encyclopedia]. Nearly the whole of the 

genealogy of this family has been furnished by Mr. G. W. Cummins, Ph. D., M. 

D., of Belvidere, N. J. In 1741, Oct. 17, Christian Commens arrived at Phila. 

in ship Molly ; prob. a, Hugenot, who kad taken refuge in Germany ; had ch. : 

I. CATHERINE, b. Aug. 28, 1748, m. James Haslett ; lived at Asbury, N. J. 

II. PHILIP, b. Aug. 15, 1750, d. Aug. 27, 1828, m. Mary Cramer, b. May 3, 

1753, d. May 7, 1821. They lived at Vienna, N. J., where A. J. Cummins 

now lives ; had ch.: 

(I). Christian, b. Jan. 2, 1774, d. Feb. 2, 1865, m. June 17, 1796, Mary 
Smith, b. Sept. 23, 1776, d. Nov. 30, 1860 ; had ch. : 1. Philip, b. 
May 23, 1797, m. first, Eliza Maines : second, Sophemia Everett ; 

2. Lydia, b. Jan. 16, 1799, d. Nov. 2, 1821, m. a Marjarum ; 3. Annie, 
b. Dec. 1, 1800, m. Elijah Hall ; 4. Daniel, b. Sept. 17, 1802, m. 
Annie Richards ; 5. Mary, b. Sept. 6, 1804, d. Jan. 23, 1832, m. 
Samuel Lippincott ; 6. Catherine, b. Dec 13, 1806, d. Jan. 5, 1835, 
m. Thomas Force ; 7. Samiml, b. Feb. 12, 1809, d. June 12, 1869, m. 
Mary Leonard ; 8. Sarah, b. April 12, 1811, m. Andrew Rice Dennis; 
9. Isaac, m. Hulda Frace ; 10. Polhemus, m. Phoebe Hendershot. 

(II). Elisabeth, b. Feb. — , 1776, m. M-^hael Banghart, b. 1774, d. 1846. 
(ILI). Matthias, b. Feb. 8, 1777, d. July 4, 1849, m. first, Hannah Hunter 
second, Mary Hunter Thacher ; had children by 1st wife : 1. Wil 
liam, m. Mariah Middlesworth ; 2. Electa, m. Sedgewick Rusling 

3. Mary Ann, m. William Kelley ; 4. George, m. Rebecca Green 

5. Catherine, m. first, Benjamin Shackelton ; second, Wm. Hart 

6. Morris, unmarried. 

(IV). Catherine, b. June 6, 1779, m. Henry Opdyke. 

(V). John, m. Sarah Martin ; had children : 1. Mary Ann, m. Isaac 
Smith ; 2. Sarah, m. a Middlesworth ; S. Dorcria, m. Sheriff An . 
drew Shiner ; 4. Margaret, unmarried ; 5. Lorenzo Dow ; 6. 
Fletcher, unmarried ; 7. William, unmarried. 
(VI). George, b. Feb. 2, 1789, d. June 17, 1853. m. Susan Johnson, b. Oct. 
13, 1792, d. May 26, 1877 ; had ch.: 1. Johnson J., m. Matilda 
Emery ; 2. Keziah, m. John Potter ; 3. Mary, m. Robert Steele ; 4. 
Opdyke, m. first, Matilda Mott ; second, Ellen Axford ; 5. Rebecca 
m. Carter Martin ; 6. Elisabeth, m. William Martin. 
(VII). Jacob, b. Dec. 28, 1790, d. Mar. 24, 1873, m. Mariah Addis, b. May 6, 
1794, d. June, 1885 ; had ch. : 1. Nelson Nevins, m. Mary E. Hart ; 
2. Malinda, m. Robert Ayres ; 3. Simon Armenius, m. Mary Car- 
hart ; 4. Helen, m. A. Shafer Van Horn ; 5. Andrew Jackson, m. 
Elisabeth Ayers ; 6. Harriet Jemima. 
(VIII). Annie, b. Oct. 14, 1796, m. Azariah Davis. 
III. CHRISTIAN, b Dec. 4, 1751, d. Oct 15, 1833, m. first, Elisabeth William- 
son ; second, Margaret Whitesel, b. 1767, d. May 6, 1850 ; had children 
by first wife : 

(I). Chbisteon, b. May 10, 1793, d. June 20, 1862, m. first, Ruth Green, 
b. Oct. 13, 1801, d. May 22, 1831 ; second, Elisabeth Valentine, b. 
Dec. 18, 1808 ; living now at Hackettstown, N. J. ; had children 

Cummins 319 

hy first wife : L Richard Q.,b. Oct. 6, 1823, d. June 10, 1852, unm. ; 
2. John Wesley, b. Jan. 2, 1826, d. April, 1865, m. Eveline Van 
Pelt ; children by second wife : 3. George W., b. Feb. 27, 1835, d. 
June 29, 1862, unmarried ; 4. Manning, b. Aug. 31, 1841, d. June 9, 
1864, unmarried, killed in the army ; 5. Dorinda E., b. Dec. 28, 
1836, m. Benjamin Schenck ; 6, Margaret, b. Jan. 23, 1840, m. Rev. 
Thomas Campfleld, d. liar. 14, 1885. 
(II). Anna, b. Oct. 18, 1783, d. April 26, 1813, m. Win, Schenck. 
<IH). Elisabeth, b. Nov. 13, 1788, d. Mar. 6, 1835, m. Richard Wfaitesell, 

b. Dec. 12, 1776, d. July 25, 1849. 
(IV). Lydia, b. Dec. 4, 1790, m. Abram VTiet. 
(V). Sarah M., b. July 16, 1798, m. Caieb Howell. 

(VI). Mariah N., b. Sept. 16, 1801, d. 188-, m. first, Uzal O. Howell ; 
second, a Bigler. 
W. DANIEL, b. June 7, 1753 ; descendants were found, about 1880, by John 
Cummins, fifteen miles from Natchez,, Hiss. 
V. MARY, b. Dec. 27, 1754, m. John Davis ; went to Kentucky, where their 
descendants still are, near Lexington. 
VI. MICHAEL, b. Aug. 7, 1756 ; descendants in Montour Co., Penn. 
VII. ANNIE, b. Sept. 27, 1757, m. Joseph Groff. 
Vin. JACOB, b. Jan. 30, 1759 ; went West. 
EX. ELISABETH, b. Mar. 11, 1760, m. George Beatty, b. 1750 ; lived at Vienna, 
New Jersey. 
X. JOHN FREDERICK, b. Sept. 22, 1762, d. Sept. 21, 1814 ; hved at Vienna, 
N. J., m. first, Lydia Sharp ; second, Mary Fisher ; had ch. by 2d wife : 
(I). Elijah Woolset, b. April 4, 1803, d. Feb. 6, 1877, m. Rachel Hoag- 
land, b. Jan. 29, 1807, d. Mar. 11. 1849 ; had ch.: 1. Wesley, unm., 
d. May 6, 1890 ; res. on Christeon's homestead ; 2. James, lives in 
Michigan ; 3. Nancy, m. Alvin Cole. 
(II). Wesley, m. Sevilla Drake; had ch.: 1. George, of Newton, N. J.; 
2. u daughter, m. Dr. Miller, of Newton, N. J. 
(III). Hulda, m. Charles Hoagland. 
(IV). Ltbia, m. Jonathan Jones. 
(V). Macrina, m. Abram Wildrick. 
(VT). Nancy, m. Isaac Wildrick. 

(VII). John, had ch. : 1. Henry; 2. Roderick; 3. Emma; 4. Jemima: 5. 
DANIEL (i), a brother to CHRISTIAN 1st ; had ch.: 

I. MATTHIAS, b. 1762, Feb. 2, d. 1831, Aug. 1, m. 1783, May 25, EUeanor 
Allison, b. 1766, May 11, d. 1832, Aug. 6 ; lived at Delaware Station, N. 
J. ; had ch. : 
(I). Jane, b. Dec. 2, 1783, m. Oct. 4, 1801, James Ferguson ; lived in Pike 

Co., Pa. 
(II). John, b. April 15, 1786, d. April 10, 1834, m. Feb. 28, 1811, Annie 

Lowrey; lived in Pike Co., Pa. 
(III). Charity, b. July 12, 1787, d. May 30, 1817, m. first, Nov. 4, 1807, 
Allen Coursen ; second, July 6, 1816, Matthias Snook ; lived in 
Newton, N. J. 
(IV). Elisabeth, b. Sept. 4, 1788, m. May 7, 1807, Andrew Adams ; lived 
in Pike Co., Pa. ; had three children. 

320 Early Germans of New Jersey 

(V). Catherine, b. Aug. 6, 1790, m. May 3, 1808, Cornelius Angle. 
(VI). Mary Cummins, b. Aug. 6, 1792, d. Oct. 1, 1848, m. first, Jan. 21, 
1815, William Angle, of Pike Co., Penn. ; second, Peter Coole, of 
Delaware Station, N. J. 
(VII). Sarah Louisa, b. Jan. 10, 1795, d. Feb. 16, 1877, m. Feb. 20, 1813 r 
Anthony Kirkhuff, b. Feb. 15, 1791, d. Mar. 24, 1859. 
(VIII). Eleanor, b. Mar. 20, 1797, m. Oct. 11, 1817, Jos. Hay; had two ch. 
(IX). Margaret R., b. Nov. 10, 1799, d. Oct. 30, 1801. 
(X). Allison, b. May 24, 1801, m. Jan. 1, 1826, Sarah Lowrey. 
(XI). Jacob, b. Aug. 4, 1803, d. March 9, 1832. 
(XII). Margaret Ann, b. Dec. 11, 1805, d. April 30, 1827. 
(XIII). Daniel, b. Jan. 13, 1809 ; went to the Mexican War and never ret'd. 
(XIV). Matthias, b Nov. 3, 1810, d. Nov. 16, 1810. 

II. DR. PETER, b. Sept. 21, 1761, d. May 17, 1856, m. Charity Kirkhuff, b. 
Mar. 25, 1777, d. Nov. 15, 1843 ; lived at Hope, N. J.; had ch.: 
(I). John. 
(II). Julia Ann, b. Jan. 16, 1806, d. Oct. 6, 1874, m. John Hauk, b. Feb. 

23, 1811, d. Mar. 23, 1877. 
(III). Catherine, b. 1800, d. May 10, 1844, m. Anderson Dauley. 
(IV). Jane. 

III. JACOB, m. Mary Morgan ; lived in Ohio ; had children : 

(I). George. 

(II). Shipman. 

(III). Catherine, m a Winters. 
(IV). Mart, m. a Prigmore. 

(V). Eleanor, m. James Quick. 
(VI). Nancy, m. Barnabas Ritenbury. 

IV. MARY, m. Wm. Snook ; settled near Lafayette, Sussex Co., N. J. ; had ch. : 

(I). Daniel. 
(II). Jacob. 
(III). Isaac. 
(IV). Alfred. 
(V). Robert. 
(VI). Elmira. 
V. MRS. COX, nothing known of her. 


Rev. FREDERICK DALLICKER (or de la Cour), was b. 2 Feb., 1738, d. 15 Jan. 
1799 ; ordained ^757. He came to New Jersey, 1768, and preached at Amwell, 
from 1768-70 ; at German Valley, Foxenburg (or Fairmount) and Alexandria 
(now Mt. Pleasant, Hunterdon Co.), from 1768 to 1782 ; at Goshenhoppen, 
1782-84. His first wife, Maria Barbara, died 1784, and be married again,' 
1780, Oct. 12, Maria Magdalena Schuvena, at Falekner Swamp. He is buried 
at the latter place. He had children : 

I. MARIA CATHARINA, b. 18 June, 1773, prob. m. John Thomas, 16 Sept. 

1798, at Falekner Swamp. 
II. JOHN FREDERICK, b. 30 Dec, 1776, prob. m. Catherine Beiterman, 20 
March, 1798, at Falekner Swamp. 
III. WILHELM, b. 10 July, 1779, d. 19 July, 1845, m. Sophia Neighbor (dau. 
of Leonard), b. IS April, 1791, d. 14 Aug., 1825 ; had ch. ; 

Dallicker — Davis 321 

(R. Leonard Neighbor, b. 20 July, 1811 ; res. at Danbury, Conn.; had 

ch. : 1. William, died unmarried ; 2. Eleanor; 3. Kittie, m. a Hill. 

(II). Davtd Welsh, b. 22 Feb., 1810, m. Matilda Cramer (dau. Matthias), 

lives at Peapack, N. J. ; has ch. : 1. Lyman ; res. in Virginia ; 2. 

Henry (deceased), m. Gussie Pidcock ; 3. Ann, died young. 

{HI). Jacob Castner, b. , m. Eliza Jane Hann (dau. of Johni ; res. 

at Middle Valley, X. J. ; had ch. : 1. Warren X. , unmarried ; 2. 
William, m. Elvina Apgar (dau. of Nathan T.) ; 3. Mary, d. when 
a young woman ; 4. Sophia, ra. Jacob Ribbons ; 5. John, unm. ; 
res. at Brooklyn. 

(IV). William, b. , m. Caroline Brunner (dau. of Henry); res. near 

Haekettstown, N. J. ; has ch. : 1. Augustus H., m. Clara Schenck ; 
2. Frederick D, m. Maggie Parks; 3. Harry, m. Kate Trimmer 
(dau. of Andrew) ; 4. Carrie, unm. ; 5. William, unm. 
(V). George. 
(VI). Frederick, m. first, Melinda Stephens (dau. of William); second, 

Helen Pell ; res. at Trenton ; has ch. ; Kittie, unmarried. 
(VII). Samuel, unmarried, in California. 
iVIin. John, unmarried, in Ohio. 


SILVANUS D. DAVIES (as the name was originally spelled), came to this 
country not long before 1802. He was the son of John, who lived at Treunnd- 
sor, Parish of Llangoidmor, County of Cardigan, South Wales. Great 
Britain. He was born 27 June, 1762, d. 12 April, 1830, m. first, 6 June, 1795, 
Sinah Davis, d. 25 July, 1802 ; second, Mary Hiler ; had ch.: 
I. ENOCH, b. 6 March, d. 9 March, 1796. 
II. ANN, b. 1 March, 1797. 
in. ELINOR, b. 31 Aug., 1798. 

IV. HANNAH, b. 27 June, 1800, m. Maurice Moore ; res. Illinois or Ohio ; had 
thirteen children : John, of Crawford, Ohio ; Mary Ann, m. Jackson 
Carson ; Elisabeth, m. Thomas Kemp, of Huron Co. ; Davis, m. Hannah 
Fleming and res. Michigan ; Margaret, m. Findlay Leonard, of Seneca 
Co., Ohio ; Martha, m. George Carson ; Maurice, deceased ; Buniuth 
(0 ; Hannah, m. a Philhower ; Theodore ; Frank, m. a Free ; Louisa, m. 
Si. Hoffman ; the 13th not given. 
V. SINAH, b. 25 July, 1802, m. John Hoffman (s. of Henry M.) ; settled on 
the farm near Pottersville, where Peter P. Philhower now (1893) resides. 
VI. MARY, by second wife, b. 13 June, d. 18 June, 1804. 
VII. MARY, b. 22 June, 1807, d. 14 Feb., 1890. 

VIII. JOHN, b. 4 May, 1810, d. 1 June, 1889, m. 10 Feb., 1837, Ruth Pickel (dau. 
George M.) ; had eh. : 
(I). Melvina, b. 24 Nov., 1837, m. Isaiah Hoffman, who d. 26 March, 

(II). George P., b. 17 Oct., 1839, m. Fanny King ; res. at Martinville, 

Somerset Co. 
(LID. John, b. 18 Jan., 1844, m. Harriet Perry (dau. of George); res. at 

Pottersville, N. J. 
(IV). Sarah, b. 8 June, 1841, d. 28 March, 1843. 
(V). Harriet C, b. 9 Sept., 1845, m. Wm. H. Vactor, of Martinville. 

32- Early Germans of New Jersey 

(VI). James K., b. 21 Jan., 1847, m. Elisabeth Crater (dau. of Amos); owns 
farm of 100 acres at Hacklebarney scho '1 house ; has 3 children. 
(VII). Henry P., m. Josephine Richey and lives in Iowa. 
(VIII). Jacob H., b. 20 April, 1851, m. Fanny Losey; res at WMtehouse. 
(IX). Harvey, b. 15 Aug., 1853, m. Kate Apgar : res. at Glen Gardner. 
(X). Martin Luther, b. 21 July, 1850, m. Catherine Anderson (dau. of 
Daniel) ; res. at Liberty Corners, Somerset Co. 
(XI). William E., b. 28 July. I860, m. Alice Welsh ; res. Morristown, N. J. 
A brother of Silvanus also came to this country but has never been heard of. 
FULE DAVIS, has a grant of land 9 Oct., 1642, in Southampton (?) ; 1665 is a res- 
ident of East Hampton, and 1660 of Jamaica ; m. in East Hampton, Mary 
(widow, first, of James Haines ; second, of Ralph Dayton) ; had ch. : 

III. JONATHAN, rem. to Hopewell, Hunterdon Co., N. J. 

IV. ZECHARIAH; hadch.: 

(I). John. 
(II). Sabah. 
(III). Joseph, and perhaps others. 
V. and VI. Perhaps ABIEL and ELDAD. [See History of Southampton by 
Howell, p. 424]. 

JOSEPH and ELDAD on tax list of Hopewell twp., Hunterdon Co., 1722. John 
and Jonathan are among the trustees to receive deed for burial place in 
Trenton, 1709. From 1700 on John, Abiel and Jonathan appear in history of 
Trenton. [Historical Collections, 282]. Caleb and Jonathan subscribe to 
Meeting House in Orange, 1753, and in 1769, July 9, Timothy has a 6on Sil- 
vanus, bap. at same place. Joris (George) and Judith have Judith bap. (on 
Somerville records) 25 May, 1732 Joris and Mary Brokaw have bap. (on 
Somerville records) Jannetie, 5 Jan., 1779 ; Bergun, 8 Feb., 1784 ; Abraham, 
20 Dec, 1786. Bergun, and Sarah Schamp have bap. (Somerville records) 
George, 26 Feb., 1809; Peter Schamp, 30 Aug., 1810; John, 25 Oct., 1812; 
David, 11 Oct., 1814 ; Isaac, 7 July, 1817 ; Margaret Schamp, 28 March, 1819 ; 
Sarah, 23 Nov., 1823. John, has land granted to him in Newark, 20 May, 1676 
and Stephen likewise, 19 Aug., 1675. Thomas receives land at Bound Brook, 
1712. James iperh. s. of Jonathan, of Trenton), leaves will, "Newark," 2 
April, prob. 14 May, 1747, who names wife Phebe and ch : Mary, Rebecca, 
Thomas, Margaret, Sarah ; "my brother Jonathan." 

JOHN. m. Mary Cummins (dau. of Christian), b. 1754, Dec. 27 ; rem. to Kentucky. 

AZARIAH, m. Amue Cummins (dau. of Philip), b. 1790, Oct. 4 ; had ch. : Mary, 
m. Brazil Williams ; Margaret, m. Charles Ribble ; Amanda, m. Lewis Den- 
nis ; Adaline, m. Rev. Mr. Malsbery ; Susan, m. John Ayers ; Samuel, unm. ; 
Sarah, m. James Goodale. 

DANIEL is said to have rem. to Montague twp., Sussex Co., 1740 and had two ch. : 
Elisabeth and Mary, wife of Isaac Everett. Daniel may be a descendant of 
Joseph of Brookbaven whose will, 1690, names ch : Joseph, Benjamin, 
Samuel, Daniel and Mary. 


There are three of this family who might be brothers, ADAM, CHRISTIAN 
and JACOBUS. The name is spelled Dietz, Ditz, Deates, Deats and Teat*. 



ADAM may be the same who was m. in New York, 1729, April 21, to Catherine 
Schonenberg ; the wife, mentioned in his will as Mary, may have been his 
second wife. He bought, 1747, Xov. 26, 208 acres in Amwell twp., of Mary 
Kirkbride ; naturalized by act of council, 1744, with Hendrick ; the name of 
the latter, however, may be an error fo Dils. He was an elder of the " High 
Dutch Calviaistical Church," of a mwell, at Bingoes. 1747 ; his will of 1769, 
Feb. 20, prob. March 25, names wife, Mary, and eleven children : 

I. PETER, perhaps " Peter, Sen." who was witness at the bap. at Still- 
water, of a dau of the following Peter, and was therefore husband of 
Maria Catharine, who is buried at Stillwater. She was born 22 July, 
1719, d. 17 Feb., 1796. A Peter was witness to a mortgage at Amwell in 
1768. Peter, 1st, prob. had ch. : 
(I). Peter, m. Mary, and had ch. : 

1. Elisabeth, b. 1775, March 18, m. Conrad Diether, 1795, Nov. S. 

2. Margaret, b. 1777, Feb. 15. 

3. Anna, b. 1780, Sept. 17. 

4. Adam, (perh. s. of Peter), b. 1788, d. 1855, April 24, at 67 ; m. 

Hannah, b. 1791, d. 1853, Dec. 29, at 62. 

5. Jacob, (perh. s. of Peter), m. Sarah ; had ch.: (1). Juliana, b. 

1798, Feb. 23. (2). Johannes, b. 1800, Aug. IK. (3). Johann Jacob, 
b. 1802, Aug. 30. (4). Elisabeth, b. 1804, Aug. 22. (5). Sarah, b. 
1806, April 10. (6). Maria, b. 1808. March 20. 
II. JACOBUS, perhaps d. intestate, 1784-5 (Trenton, Lib. 5, fol. 26) ; lived on 
Mt. Carruel tract, next to Peter Hoffman ; had perhaps one child : 
(I). Jacob, b. 1763, d. 1835, Oct. 23, at 72, m. Elisabeth Bird, b. 1777, d. 
1840, July 11, at 63 ; his will was prob. 1835, Dec. 12 ; had ch. : 

1. Mary, m. Godfrey Bulmer. 

2. Barbara, m. Philip Philhower. 

3. Eva, m. a Bulmer. 

4. Peter R., m. Rachel Schuyler (dau. of Andrew); had ch. : ill. 

Andrew S., m. Mary Auble. (2). Dorothea, m. Philip Apgar. 
(3). Fanny, m. Charles Glazier. i4). Mary, rn. John Smith. (5). 
Elisabeth, m. Noah Hoffman. (6). Peter, m. Caroline Buchanan. 
(7). George, m. Mary Rowe. (8). Susan, m. Oliver Perry. (9). 
Rachel, m. George Thurston. (10). Jane, m. George N. Burrill. 
(11). Jacob, ra. Jane Read. (12). Isaac, m. Sarah Sutton. (13). 

Sophia, m. William Roberts. (14). Mantius H., m. Ellen . 

(15). Elmira, m. Lambert Crater. (16). John M., m. Elisabeth 
Felmly (dau. of John C). (17). Garner, m. Adaline Alpaugh 
(dau. of Stephen R. H.). 

5. A vn, m. Jonathan Heath. 

6. Jacob, was unmarried. 

III. HONIS iJohannes or John). 

IV. WILLIAM DEITZ, lived 4 miles N. W. of Flemington, and was the son 

perhaps of Adam 1st. He had wife Mary, and three children ; his will, 
1824, Feb. 13, prob. 1820, Feb. 8. He had ch. : 
(I). Anna, m. William Brown. 

(II). John, b. 1709, Feb. 1, d. 1841, May 1, m. Ursula Barton (dau. Capt. 
Elisha), b. 1767, Jan. 20, d. 1853, Oct. 8 ; he had ch.: 
1. Elisha, b. 1800, Feb. 10, d. 1862, June 1. 

324 Early Germans of New Jersey 

2. Rhoda, b. 1803, Oct. 81, m. Israel Thurston. 

3. Gilbert, b. 1808, Feb. 25, d. 1870, Sept. 28, m. Anna Margaret 

Obendorf, b. 11 June, 1812, d. 27 March, 1879 ; hadtwosons : (1). 
Peter Collins, b. 13 Aug., 1850, m. 11 Oct., 1854, Jennie Robinson; 
had Lester, b. 24 Sept., 1883, Harry, b. 6 June, 1886, Frederick, 
b. 11 June, 1888. (2). Hiram, Jr., b. 10 Sept., 1853, m. Melissa 
Mason, b. 3 June, 1859, and they nave Gilbert Mason, b. 29 Mar., 
1883, Julia Edna, b. 16 Mar., 1885, and Walter, b. 21 May, 1888. 

4. Hiram, b. 10 April, 1810, d. 22 Nov., 1887, m. first, 10 Nov., 1838, 

Rebecca Higgins (dau. of Jonathan of Hillsborough, Somerset 
Co.), b. 26 June, 1820, d. 6 Aug., 1862 : second, 28 Nov., 1865, 
Elmira Stevenson (dau. of John), b. 12 Dec, 1830 ; had children : 
Jonathan B., b. 8 Nov., 1840, d. 16 Aug., 1850 ; Emley Olden, b. 
13 Sept., 1842, d. 31 Oct., 1866 ; Lemuel Madison, b. 23 June, 
1845, m. Sarah Ellen Hoff. 15 Oct., 1867, d. 26 July, 1879 ; 
Rebecca Julia, b. 11 Oct., 1848, m. Porter C. Little, 21 Jan., 1880, 
d. 22 July, 1882 : by 2d wife, Hiram Edmund, b. 20 May, 1870. 

V. ADAM, in. Eva Hoffman (dau. of Henry 1st) ; lived on farm now owned 

by Peter T. Teats ; had ch. : 

(I). Adam, m. Margaret Apgar(dau. of Peter, the son of Adam) ; hadch.: 

1 . Boy died young. 

2. Peter T., m. Catherine Hoffman (dau. of Peter); had ch.: (1). 

George A., m. first, Mary Ann Alpock (dau. of Will. P.) ; second, 
Becky Parks wife of Jons Vernoy. (2). Jeremiah, m. Jane Lance 
(dau. of Will.). (3). Annie, m. Peter N. Honeyman (s. of John). 
(4). David F., m. Ellen Fisher (dau. of Henry). (5). Emily 
Mariah, m. Frank Sutton (s. of John). 
3 Mariah, m. George A. Teats (s. of Peter), cousins. 
4. Emily, m. George B. Lindabury. 
(II). Heinrich, b. 1770, May 22. 

(III). Margaret, b. 1772, March 28, m. Jacob Shueler (s. of Philip). 
(IV). Anna, b, 1774, Feb. 20. 
(V). John, b. 1777, May 16, m. Eva Apgar (dau. of Herbert 1st) ; had ch. ; 

1. Henry, m. "Pop" Conover (dau. of Garret). 

2. Morris, m. Catherine Apgar (dau. of Nicholas). 

3. Mary, m. Peter Alpock (s. of Peter). 

4. Peter, m. Mary Tiger (s. of George); had ch.; (1). Hannah, m. 

John Rowe. (2). George, m. first, Maria Teats (dau. of Adam 
2d) ; second, Ellen Hoffman (dau. of Peter I). 

5. Adam, died young. 

6. Sophia, m. Noah Hoffman (s. of Henry and Anna). 

(VI). Peter, b. 1779, Feb. 11, m. Mary Apgar (dau. of Herbert 1st). 


VII. CHRISTEEN (Christena). 
IX. MARYN (prob. Mary Ann). 

XI. ELISABETH, perhaps wife of Henry Hockenbury ; buried at Lebanon, 
N. J., b. 1744, d. 1811, July 3, at 67. 
CHRISTIAN had wife Anna Maria ; may have been the son of Jacobus 1st ; he had 

Deaxs — DeCue 325 

(I). Jacob, b. 1769. 
(II). John, b. 1771, March 16. 
(HI). Wiuhelm, b. 1773, Dec. 6. 
{TV). Adam, b. 1776. Aug. 13. 

(V). Morritz, b. 1779, Jan. 2. 
(VI). Henrich, b. 1782. July 22. 
This information from the Lebanon baptismal record is all we can learn of this 
last family. 

A Christlaen Tieds, and wife Eva, had child Antje, bap. at Readington, 1733. 
June 10. 

On West Jersey Soc lands of Alexandria twp., were found, in 1766-1792, Chris- 
topher and Jacob Diets or Dilts. 

Records of Reformed Church of Falkner Swamp, married 1750, Jan. 9, Peter 
Dietz to Catharina Frohnbach. Wilhelm Dietz was the first shoemaker among the 
Germans on Rensellaerwyck Manor, New York State, about 1711-20. 


ISAAC DE COU (Decoux, De Cow, DeCoe, DeCue), probably came from Arvert 
in France after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes. " Marie Decoux, fugi- 
tive d' Arvert" {BaircVs Huguenots]. Isaac arrived at Burlington, N. J., in 
the ship Shields. He died before 1692, as his widow, Rebecca, married Francis 
Davenport, the 12th day of 8th month, 1692. JACOB De Cou receives a deed 
from Hugh Hutchins in 1696 for land in Mannsfield twp. [Salem Co. (]. Jacob 
had a brother ISAAC, who was Surveyor-General of New Jersey. 

JACOB, prob. s. of Isaac, m. 21 Dec, 1699, Elisabeth Newbold. In his will, 1735, 
he gives to his son. Jacob, 500 acres in Sussex Co. ; to his son Eber, 200 acres of 
the homestead farm ; while Isaac is said to have previously received his share ; 
had ch.: 
I. SUSANNA, b. 23 Feb., 1703. 
II. REBECCA, b. 23 Feb., 1703. 


IV. ESTHER, b. 22 March. 1705. 
V. ELISABETH, b. 19 Dec, 1708. 

VI. JACOB, b. 19 Feb., 1710 
Vn. EBER, b. 6 Feb., 1712. 
VIII. ABI, b. 24 May, 1714. 
JOHN DECUE, of Warren Co., perhaps great-grandson of Jacob, had children, 
one of whom was by the first wife : 
I. JANE, b. 4 May, 1783. 
II. SARAH, b. 4 Oct., 1790. 

III. ELISABETH, b. 22 May, 1792. 

IV. JACOB, b. 21 Aug., 1794, d. in N. Y. ; had two sons and one daughter. 
V. ANNA, b. 18 Dec, 1796. 

VI. MARGARET, b. 15 May, 1799. 
VII. MARY. b. 10 June, 1801. 
VHI. REBECCA, b. 10 Jan., 1804. 
IX. EUPHEMIA, b. 30 June, 1806. 

X. JOHN AXFORD, b. 27 Oct., 1808 ; came to German Valley, and bought 
a farm near Bartleyville, now owned and occupied by his heirs ; has one 
son, John, and three daughters. 

326 Early Germans of New Jersey 

DE CAriP, 

LAURENS JANS [LawTens, or Lawrence, the son of John] DE CAMP, came to 
New Amsterdam, 1664 ; took the oath of allegiance, Kings Co., 26-30 Sept., 
1687 ; prob. had at least one son, HENDRICK. son of Laurens Jans ; " Hend- 
rick de Kampj. m. V. K: Utrecht. Wonende op Staten ylandt, met Maria 
de Lamars, j. d. Van de Bowery ; ingeschreven den SO Maart, qetrowi den 11 
April, 2704." (Records of Ref. D. Church, N. Y.) Translation : Hendrick 
de Camp, young man of New Utrecht, living on Staten Island, [was married) 
to Mar}- de Lamars. young maiden, of the Bowery ; banns proclaimed, the 30 
March, married the 17th of April, 1704. Hendrick's will, dated, Woodbridge, 
4 June, prob. 7 Dec, 1771, (Trenton Lib. K. fol. 370) names grdsons, Ezekiel 
(s. of Lawrence) , John Is. of Benjamin j , Joseph (s. of Lambert) , grdson Ezekiel, 
with David DeCamp, 3rd, one of the witness. He names ch. : 
I. LOUWERENS [Lawrence], bap. in N. Y., 18 Feb., 1705 ; deceased at 

date of his father's will, June 4. 1771 ; assessed in Franklin twp., Som. 

Co., 1745, for 125 acres ; had ch. (at least) : 

(I) . Ezekiel, mentioned in his grandfather's will. 
II. HENRY, calls himself "Quaker," in his will, dated, Middlesex, 31 Oct., 

177C, prob. 30 May, 1785, (Trenton. Lib. 27, fol. 201) ; his will names ch. : 

(I). Enoch, prob. had sons lor grandsons, or even great-grandsons) : 

1. Enoch, m. twice, and had at least one child by each wife : 

(1). Zachaeiah. b. 16 Jan., 1780, d. 4 June, 1840, m. first, 7 Nov., 
1801, Experience Halsey, b. 23 Dec, 1782, d. 18 Dec, 1831, from 
Long Island, sister of Pain Brown's wife ; second, Eliza Stout 
(dau. of ' homas, of Chester) ; had ch : (a). David Schuyler, 
b. 5 May, 1804, m. Rebecca Horton (dau. of Hiram), and had, 
Hiram H., m. Althea Lane (dau. of Abram and Sarah ; Stephen 
Halsey, m. Catherine Crouse ; Mary Eugene, d. at 8 ; Alonzo D. , 
m. Lauretta Dixson (dau. of Cyrus, of N. Y.) ; E. Louise, unm. ; 
Alfred Eugene, m. Kate Ming (dau. of Charles and Susan) ; 
Hattie E., m. William E. Deats (s. of John and Sarah) ; Silas O., 
m. Emma Hall, of Denville ; (b). Moses Halsey, b. 29 Jan., 
1803, had one child, Experience Ann, m. Henry Warner ; (c). 
John, res. at Chester Cross Roads. 

(2). John, of Jefferson twp. ; built a forge, called Upper Longwood 
about 1800. 

2. Aaron. 

3. John. 
(II). Job. 

(III). Zacharlah ; had son Kimble. 
(TV). Phebe, m. an Ackorn. 
(V). Elisabeth, m. Thomas Scudder. 
(VI). Mercy, m. an Hetfield. 

(VII). Sarah, m. Will Gilman ; mentions in will "my kinsman" Joseph 
Decamp, of Rahway, N. J. 
III. LAMBERT, m. Mary; his will mentions, "land lately belonging to my 
father Hendrick ;" will, dated. Elisabeth, Essex Co., 1784, 4th day of 10th 
month, sworn at Newark, 4 Oct., 17W0, names wife Mary and ch. : 
(I). Henry, ("eldest") prob. hadch.: 

1. Squire John, m. Deborah Morris (dau. of John) ; had son Samuel 

DeCamp — DeRose 327 

G. Johnson Decamp, who married Nancy Wood (dau. of Clement) 
and was father of Commodore John De Camp of the late war. 
3. Lemuel, had a forge at Waterloo. 

3. David ; resided near Succasunna. 

4. Joseph, m. Jane F. Tuttle (dau. of Moses) ; lived at lit. Pleasant ; 

hadch.: (1). Lewis; (2). James; (3). Chilion F.; (4). Mary, m. 
John Hinchman, of X. Y. ; (5). Cornelia, m. Chilion Beach ; (6). 
Susan, m. Guy Hinchman, of Dover. 

5. Moses, m. a Carpenter ; died near Chester ; had a son John, who 

received money for him, 1816. 
<II). Lambert. 
i III). David. 
<IV) . Moses, prob. m. Sarah and had at least, 

1. Ezekxel, m. Mary Baker (dau. of Daniel and Margaret Osborn), 
b. 25 June, 1780 : had ch. : (1). Phebe, m. a Hand is. of Ellis) ; (2) 
Hannah, m. a Hand (s. of Ellis); (3). David; 14). Hiram; (5). 
Walter; (6). Hervy ; [7). John; (8). Joseph; (!)). Margaret: (10). 
Mary; (11). Sarah; (12). Moses; (13). Job. 
(V). James. 
(VI). Elisabeth. 
(VIIi. Leah. 
(VIII). Joseph, prob. the one whose will, dated Oct. 18, 1780, prob. Oct. 28. 
names ch. : 1. Caleb ; 2. Ephraim. 
IV. JOHN, of Essex Co. ; will, dated Feb. 9, 1764, prob. May 28, 1766. (Tren- 
ton, Lib. H, fol. 610), names ch.: 
(I). Aaron. 

(II). John, had eldest son. Lawrence. 
(III). Sarah, m. a Oughtletree. 
(IV). Mart. m. a Van Namen. 
(V). Dinah, m. a Powers. 
V. BENJAMIN, d. 1771 ; had at least one sou John. 
VI. ELICHEE, prob. m. a Lovee. 
VII. CHRISTIAN, prob. m. a Woodruff. 


JOHN J. DE ROSE left will, prob. 31 Jan., 1832 ; came from England early in 
this century and purchased the Beswick tract, called the English settlement, 
along the Musconetcong river, along with James Rusling and Anthony Raw- 
lings : a dispute arose about the title of this property with the Beswick heirs, 
and an agreement was entered into in 1818, by which the property was divided 
and the contest settled ; will names wife Elisabeth and ch. : 

in. MARY. 


328 Early Germans of New Jersey 


PHILEMON DICKERSON, b. England, 1598, d. 1672, at 74 ; m. Mary Paine, art 
Salem, b. 1611, d. 1 March, 1697, at 86 ; Philemon shipped, 10 May, 1637, as a 
passenger in the "Mary Anne," named as a servant of Benj. Cooper, husband- 
man, of Brampton, Suffolk Co., England, "desirous of passing to Salem in 
New England, there to inhabit" ; 1639 at Salem, a tanner ; 1641, freeman of 
Salem ; 1646-50. settled in Southold, L. I. ; 1662, freeman of Conn.; 1665, June 
20, his will, prob. 28 Oct., 1672 ; had ch.: 
I. ELISABETH, b. 1646 at Salem. 
II. PETER, b. 1648, d. 15 March, 1721-2, at 73-4, m. Naomi Mapes (dau. of 
Thomas), b. 1648 (1668 ?), d. 4 March, 1725, at 58 ; in 1686 has three males 
and one female in the ■ ; has ch. : 

(I). John, d. 1758, m. Abigail, 1710; will, 3 Dec., 1757, prob. 23 May, 
1758 (N. T. City) ; had children, John, Selah, Deborah, William ; 
said to be father of the three brothers who went to N. J., but this 
is improbable. 
(ID Thomas, d. 12 July, 1725 (or 1724) at 53, m. Abigail Reeve, 1715 or 6 
(dau. of Joseph, who prob. m. afterwards Chas. Wager, 1737); his 
will 27 May, 1725, prob. 10 April, 1739, names wife and 6 children : 

1. Thomas, came to N. J. with his three brothers, Daniel, Joshua, 

Peter ; perhaps had grandson : 

(1). Thomas, whose will, " Roxbury," 6 May, 1834, prob. 17 
March, 1835, names wife, Elisabeth and ch.: (a). Julia, m. 
Septimius King ; (b). Eliza, m. James C. Oliver ; (c). 
Mary Dickerson; (d). Clarissa, m. Philip Dufford ; (e). 
Sallie, m. James McCord ; (f). Ann Dickerson; (g). Cor- 
nelius S. 

2. Daniel, will, "Roxbury," 30 April, 1778, prob. 9 Sept., 1796, 

names wife Mary and six children : 

(1). Abraham, b. 1744, d. 1814, m. three wives, one of whom wa 
Abigail Douglas from Newark ; inherits "90 acres near 
Thorn. Dickerson ;" she was b. 1740, d. May, 1765, at 25 : 
had ch. : (a) . Abraham, b. 1775, d. 26 March, 1841, at 66, of 
Chester, m. Damaris Haines, b. I"i75, d. 23 Aug. 1851 ; had 
ch.: Sallie. b. 1793, d. 30 May, 1813 ; Alonzo ; William, b. 
1796, d. 1813 ; Spafford, ra. a Tilden, sister to the former 
Gov. of N . Y. ; Philander, m. a lady from Utica. (b) . Sam- 
uel, m. Hannah Leek ; had ch : Elijah, unm. ; Rhoda ; 
Abraham Talmage, b. 1794, d. 14 March, 1883, at 89. (c). 
Abigail, m. John Kenan, and went with him to Seneca 

Lake. (d). Julianna, m. . 

(2). Daniel, will " Hanover," 13 Jan. and April 21, 1826, names 
five children and seven grandchildren : 
(a). Nathaniel. 
(b). Thomas (deceased); had ch. : 

(aa). Daniel, of Rockaway, will prob. 8 Jan., 1847, m. 
Elisabeth Doremus (dau. of Abraham) ; her will prob. 23 
Sept., 1851; had ch.: Nathaniel ; William H.; Mary 
Jane ; Eliza ; Kancy Catharine, (bb). William, (cc). 
John, m. Phebe Smith ; had ch. : Sarah Ann ; Mahlon 


H.; Aaron ; Eunice ; John S. (dd). Mahlon. num. (ee). 
Stephen, m. Nancy Smith ; had ch. : Daniel ; Charles ; 
Stephen; Wesley; Eliza; Adaline; Caroline; Mary; 
H'tty, m. Davis Lyon. (ff). Chilion, m. Ann ; had ch. : 
Edwin; George; Maria; Sarah Jane. igg). Jane, m. 
William Casterline. (hh). Silas, m. Phebe ; had ch.: 
Silas ; Stephen ; Charlotte ; Jane. (ii). Aaron, drowned 
in Dover, when young, ij j) . Josiah, had Jane, m. Ger- 
ret Stout, of Red Bank, N. J., and Elmie. 
(c). Aaron, m. Eunice, without issue ; left his property to 
the heirs of his brother Thomas ; his will was prob. 18 
Sept., 1837, and his wife's 4 Jan., 1838. 
id). Daniel, of Succasunna, m. Nancy Hart ; had ch. : Julia 
Ann ; William ; Rachel, m. Alexander Snyder : Abigail, 
m. John S. MacDougal ; Robert: Abraham; Mary, m. 
Charles Landon ; Lewis ; Silas ; James. 
le). Lewis, removed to Canada, near Montreal ; had ch. : 

Silas and Mary Ann. 
(f). James, m. a Hart ; had ch. : Francis, m. a Mills ; Mary 
Ann; John; Dr. Benjamin; Monroe; William; Silas; 
(g). Phebe, m. Ephraim Howard. 
(h). Makt. m. William Roff. 
(i). Rhoda, m. Stephen Moore. 
i3). Nathaniel, will "Roxbury," 1797, May 16 and June 13, 
(Trenton, Lib. 33, 492), names wife Tabitha and eh.: (a). 
Nathaniel, ("only son"); division of his property, 1828, in 
Roxbury, names ch. {'.): Jeremiah P.: Elis. Reger ; Peter 
G., [whose will, "Roxbury," prob. 16 Sept.. 1^54. names 
wife Phebe and ch., Abby Maria, John M., Mary Ann, 
William C, and three brothers-in-law, John L. Pool, of 
Mendham, and Henry Pool and William C. Pool, of Ran- 
dolph] ; Joanna ; Abraham ; Benjamin ; Ezra ; Martha. 
(b). Sarah, (c) Tabitha (d). Mary. (e). Elisabeth, (f). 

Peter, " Capt." b. 1724 at Southold, L. I., d. 10 May, 1780, at 56 ; 
buried at Morristown, N. J., where his tombstone is found upon 
which is the statement that he came to Morris Co. from L. I. in 
the year 1745 with three brothers, Thomas. Joshua and Daniel, 
and a sister, Elisabeth; m. first, Ruth Coe (dau. of Joseph), 20 
Oct., 1745 : second, Sarah [Armstrong] Oharra, widow of John, 
7 Nov., 1763 ; will, Trenton. Lib. 22, fol. 337 ; had oh. : 
(1). Mart, b. 31 March, 1746, m. David Case, of Roxbury, and d. 

at Succasunna about 1774. 
(2). Jonathan, b. 20 Sept., 1747, d. 7 Nov., 1805, at Succasunna, 
m. Mary Coe (dau. of Thomas) ; purchased Diekerson mine 
from a Kirkbride, 1779. in assoc. w. Minard Lefevre ; had 
eh.: (a). Mahlon [Governor N. J., &c], b. 17 April, 1770, 
d. 5 Oct., 1853. unmarried ; grad. Princeton College 1789 ; 

33° Eji rlv Germans of New Jersey 

admitted to the bar of N. J. Not., 1793 ; accompanied the 
expedition to quell whiskey insurrection in Pa., 1794 ; en- 
tered law office John Milnor and admitted to the bar Pa. . 
1797 ; one of Common Council of Phila. ; appointed Adj. 
General of Phila., 1805 ; Recorder of the city, 1805 ; ret. to 
Succasunna, N. J., to develop© his mining properties, 1810; 
Member of Assembly of K. J., 1811-13, and also afterwards 
several times ; appointed third Justice of the Supreme 
Court, 1813 ; Governor of N. J. 1815 and 1816 ; U. S. Sen- 
ator 1817-1823 and 1823-182!) and 1829-1833 ; Secretary of 
Navy. 1834-1838 ; Judge U. S. District Court for N. J. for 
six months ; Member Constitutional Convention, 1844 ; 
President American Institute, (b). Silas, b. 3 Oct., 1771, d. 
at Stanhope, 7 Jan., 1807, at 35, m. first, 7 Nov., 1792, Julia 
Ford (dau. of Jonathan), who d. 23 Nov., 1794, at 22 ; second 
21 May, 1795, Electa Beach (dau. of Enoch), who m. for 
second husband, 3 May, 1808. Col. Joseph Jackson, of Rock- 
away, and who died 7 Feb., 1834, at 85. (c). Ruth, b. 7 
Nov., 1773. d. 12 Dec, 1775. (d). Mary, b. 18 Sept., 1778, 
m. 5 Oct., 1790, David S. Canfield. and d. 27 April, 1830. 
(e). Jonathan Elmer, b. IS Sept., 1781, d. 18 Nov., 1789, at 
8. (f). Moses, twin, b. 10 Sept., 1783, d. 22 Jan., 1784. (g). 
Aaron, physician in Phila., twin, b. 10 Sept., 1783, d. 9 
Nov., 1824. (h). John B. (had at least one daughter, Julia 
Mary), b. 10 March, 1786, d. 27 Jan., 1822. (i). Philemon, 
Judge U. S. District Court, N. J.. Governor of N. J., and 
Member of Congress, b. 20 June, 1788 ; had ch. : John, 
Mary, Edward and Philemon, (j). Jesse, b. 11 Aug., 1793, 
d. 3 Oct., 1793. (k). Anne, b. 26 Sept., 1794, d. 4 Nov., 1794. 
(3). Phebe. 
(4). Esther. 
(5). Nancy. 
(6). Jesse. 
(7). John (prob. s. of Capt. Peter); had ch.: 

(a). Stephen, had ch.; 1. James; 2. John; S. Steplien; 4. 

Harriet ; 5. Emily. 
(b). David, had ch.: 1. Mahlon ; 2. Sylvester; 3. Bailey; 

4. Caroline ; 5. Rachel ; 6. Jane ; 7. Margaret. 
(c). Joshua, had ch. : 1 James; 2. Agnes; 3. Sarah; 4. 

Nancy ; 5. Euldah. 
(d). John, b. 15 Sept., 1777, d. 3 Dec, 1841, m. 15 July, 1799, 
Lydia Hoffman, b. 18 May, 1778 ; lived near Flanders. 
Morris Co., N. J. ; had ch. : 1. Philip, b. 24 July, 1800, 
d. 7 Sept., 1860 ; 2. Stephen, b. 1 June, 1802, d. 28 Dec, 
1849 ; 3. Henry, b. 16 Dec, 1804 ; 4. John, b. 15 June, 
1807, d. 11 Sept., 1816 ; 5. Jane Elisabeth, b. 25 Dec, 
1813, d. June, 1874 ; 6. Catherine, b. 2 Aug., 1818, m. 
first, a Ross ; second, William Campfield. 
(e). Joseph. 
(f). Abigail. 


(g). Sarah. 

(h). Rachel. 
(8). Peter. 
(9). Joseph. 
(10). William. 

5. Joseph. 

6. Abigail, m. perh. H. Wells, 1736. 

T. Elisabeth, came to N. J. with her four brothers about 1745. 
(HI). Philemon, <i. 14 March, 1718, m. Hannah Case, 1709. 
(IV). Mary 
(V). Naomi, m. 1715, Sam. Terry. 

Moore's index supposes that the four brothers. Thomas, Daniel, 
Joshua and Peter, who came to N. J. about 1745 with their sister 
Elisabeth were children of Peter 1st, but he died 172 1, and Peter. 
one of these brothers was born 1724. 

III. THOMAS, d. 1 Feb., 1704 ; 1683 rated at Southold as worth £83 ; 1688, 

Southold, two males and 4 females in family ; said to have rem. to X. 
J. ; but he died 1704. 


PHILEMON, m. Johanna Sweazy (dau. of Samuel), b. 23 June, 1725, who m. for 
2d husband Isaac Badsley ; lived east of Sterling Hill, Morris Co. ; his will 
1777. April 19, prob. July 7, names wife Johanna. " my bro. Brainard. my son- 
in-law Samuel Tylor." and two sons Peter and Caleb ; from Litteil S. P. V. we 
get the following : 
I. PETER, m. Catherine Day (dau. of Thaddeus) ; had ch. : Philemon, Han- 
nah, Paul. 
II. CALEB, m. Johanna Faircloe (dau. of Thomasi ; perhaps the one whose 
will. "Chatham," 13 Sept., 1844, prob. 23 March, 1843. names w. Matilda 
[2d w. !], andch.: Samuel T.; Brannard ; David B.: Peter : Philemon: 
Caleb. Jr.; John W. (deceased, and his son Mahlon, not 21); Mary B. 
Dickerson ; Caroline M., w. of David Harrison. 

III. HANNAH, m. Lot Darling, 19 Feb., 1767. 

IV. DAVID BRAINARD, m. Sallie Baldwin (dau. Capt. Enosl. 
V. PHILEMON, b. 1762, d. 5 Aug., 1776, at 14. 


ANTHONY, naturalized by act of Assembly, July, 1730, with 4 sons, Peter, John, 
Anthony and Christian ; prob. emigrated from Diersdorf . a town of Rhenish 
Prussia on the Wiedbach, 14 m. N. N. E. from Coblentz. Anthony had a 
bro. (perh. a son) HENDRICK, also naturalized. July, 1730 ; his will. "Hunt. 
Co." 19 Feb., 1745, prob. 2 March, 1746, names w. Christina and ch. Christian 
and Christena : the witness were Hans (Johni Peter Yaeger. Wilhelmus Wirtz 
and Johannes Peter Laashent ; at the probate of the will an agreement is signed 
by the following, prob. as his ch. : 


V. 1 [wife of] Bernardus Achenbach. 
VI. ? [wife of] Will'am Ecker. Heinrich also signs perhaps as a son. 

33 2 Early Germans of New Jersey 


DANIEL was. tradition says, one of two brothers, Harmon and Daniel, who came 
from Germany. Daniel settled at Round Valley. A Dilts of another family 
came over with Daniel, was "bought" by the latter, and afterward married his 
daughter. Daniel had a son Daniel 3d, and prob. also Morris : 
DANIEL 2d, s. of Daniel 1st, b. 1741, d. 1737, April 7, m. Rebecca Merlitt, b. 
1743, d. 1832, Aug. 7. In 1802, he bought 173 acres of land on Schooley's Mt., 
above Middle Valley, (Geo. Lindaberry farm) ; had ch. : 
I. PETER, m. Rachel Rarick (?), went from Flocktown to Ohio. 

III. GEORGE, unmarried ; went from Flocktown to Ohio. 

IV. JOSEPH, b. 1782, d. 1804, Sept. 30, at 52, m. Anna Dufford (dau. of Geo. 

Stephen and widow of John Neighbor), b. 1770. d. 1837, Jan. 31, at 67 ; 
had one child, George Stephen, b. 1 808, Jan. 10; died young. 
V. DANIEL, b. 1789, Jan. 22, d. 1867, July 17, m. Elisabeth Neighbor (dau. of 
John), b. 1795, d. 1831, June 39 ; had ch.: 

(I). Nathan, b. 1813, Feb. 16, m. 1841, March 18, Anna Welsh (dau. of 
David III); had five ch.: 1. Nathan, m. Martha Hummer ; 2. 
Rebecca, m. Jacob Carpenter ; 3. Addie, m. Barnie Searfoss ; 4. 
Daniel, m. Josephine Cole ; 5. David, m. Sadie Slater. 
(III. Anna, d. 1837, Sept. 11 ; unmarried. 

(III). Elijah N., b. 1818, Feb. 10, m. 1845, Dec. 11. Margaret Hoffman (dau. 
of Henry), b. 1819, April 13, d. 1877, Nov. 20 ; had ch.: 1. Henry 
C; 2. Annie, d. at 12 years ; 3. George, m. Emily Canine ; 4. Eli, 
d. in infancy ; 5. Emma E, m. Henry Johnson ; 6. Ella, m. Joseph 
Lundy ; 7. Wm. C, m. Emma Loyd ; 8. Ulyses G., m. Leonora 
(IV). Elisabeth, d. a babe, 1831. 

(V). Julia, b. 1830, April 9, d. 1876, Aug. 5, unmarried. 
(VI). Rebecca, b. 1823, Oct. 3, d. 1889, Jan. 38, m. Peter S. Bergen ; had 
ch. : 1. Evert J., m. Sarah Galloway (res. at Belvidere); 3. Frank, 
m. Lydia Gardner (res. at Orange) . 
fVTI). Isaiah, b. 1834, Aug. 3, d. 1878, May 21, m. 1856, April 23, Ellen 
Vanderveer (dau. of "Judge" Vanderveer) ; had ch. : 1. Ferdinand. 
unmarried ; 2. William, m. a Demaray. 
(VIII). Abner N., b. 1827, Mar. 13, m. 1859, Feb. 12, Amia Elisabeth Neigh- 
bor (dau. of Sylvester) ; has ch. : 1. Annie, m. Isaiah Fisher (of 
Fairmount) ; 2 Ellen Vanderveer ; 3. Julia ; 4. Sylvester Neighbor. 
(IX). George S., M. D., b. 1839, Jan. 13, d. 1873, Dec. 8, m. Sarah Layton 
(of Pluckamin) ; had no children. Major Surgeon in Heavy Ar- 
tillery, Fifth Reg. N. T. Volunteers. 
VI. SARAH, m. David Egbert. 
VII. RACHEL, m. Cornelius Correll. 
VIII. REBECCA, b. 1786, d. 1830, Sept. 28. 
MORRIS, (prob. s. rf Daniel 1st); his will dated, Hilsborough, 7 May, 1810, 
prob. 33 AprD, 1812, names wife Mary and ch. : 
(I). Daniel. 
(II). Morris. 
(III). Jacob. 
(IV). Anna, m. 19 Oct., 1783, Herbert Rodenback. 



(V). Christianna, m. John Bowman. 
(VI). Mart, m. Peter Bowman. 
(VII). Catharine, m. Will Martial. 
(VIII). Elisabeth, m. John Low. 
(IX). Charity, m. Tobias Hall. 
(X). Rebecca. 
(XI). Sarah, m, John Alleger. 
PETER, naturalized July 30. 1730: on Society lands, 1735; his will, "Amwell," 3 
Nov., 1769, prob. 24 Jan., 1770, names wife Man and ch. : 
I. PETER (deceased), whose will, "Amwell," 30 May, prob. 20 Aug., 1760, 
names " father" Peter, " bro." John, wife Mary and ch. : 
(I). Anna. 
(II) Sarah. 
(III). Peter. 
n. JOHN. 



ANNA MARY, widow of Dilts, m. William Hoffman, of Amwell twp., whose 

will, prob. April, 1764, names step-children : 

H. PHILIP DILTZ, who prob. m. Mary Hoffman, his ha.f sister. 
ILL CHRISTIAN DILTZ, perh. the same as Christopher (a confusion of 
these two names, which has occurred in several instances among the old 
German settlers), whose will dated Kingwood, 11 March, prob. 24 April, 
1812, names ch. : 
(I). Godfrey. 
(II). Susanna. 
(III). Amelia. 

(IV). William (dec'd), perh. b. 1 Jan., 1763, had son Dels Heath i>) 
(V). Sarah Fields. 

(VI). Christopher, executor "friend Will. Dels" 
HENRY, his will, "Amwell," 16 June, 1784, prob. 2 Feb., 1788, names wife Ann 
and ch. : 
II. WILLIAM (deceased), who had a son George. 

III. PETER, prob. of Neshanic, whose will, 2 April, 1»18, prob. 2 June, 1821, 

names ch.: 

(I). Henry. 

(II). Peter. 

(III). Philip. 

(IV). Francis. 

(V). Catharine, m. Adam Bellis. 
(VI). Mary, m. a Roland. 
(VII). Francis Dils. 
(VIII). Elisabeth, m. a Gilger. 
(IX). Sarah, m. a Roland. 
(X). Rebecca, m. [Henry f\ Hoffman. 

534 Early Germans of New Jersey 

IV. JACOB, prob. tbe one, b. 1756, d. 1828, res. in West Amwell twp.,m. Sarah' 
Heath (dau. of William!, b. 1759, d. 1828 ; hadch.: 
(I). John. 
(II). Paul K., b. 1788, m. 23 Feb., 1811, Sarah Sharp (dau. of Elisha), b. 
13 Feb.. 1703, d. 22 Aug., 1876 ; had ch.: 1. Jacob, b. 21 Oct., 1813 r 
m. Margaret K. Bellis ; 2. Klisha, d. Fairview, 111.; 3. Sirah M., 
ra. John L. Bellows. 
(III). Hesry. 
(IV). Andrew. 

(V). ASHER. 

(VI). Richard 
(VII). Hiram. 
(VIIL. Ann. 
(IX). Mahalah, m. Ge rge Dilts, of Lanbertville. N. J. 
V. MARY, m. a Bodine. 
VI. ANNE, m. a Cool. 
VII. ELISABETH, m. a Tid [Teats J], 
IS. CHRISTEEN. m. a Wambagh ; executors were John Bodine and Paul 
Cool, prob. sons-in-law. 
JOHN W.. his will, dated, Lebanon, 30 July, 1787, prob. 27 Nov., 1789. names "my 
bro. Philip,'' and ch. : 
II. ANNE, m. Peter Rodenbough. 


IV. ELISABETH, m. Mordechai McKinney. 


VII. CHARITY, m. Casper Hendershot. 
VIII. CATHERINE, who had son Mounts [Moritz]. 

Miscellaneous, — WILLIAM, whose will dated ELnowlt -n, 17 June, 1793, prob. 
24 Sept., 1794, name* wife Rachel and ch.: 1. John; 2. Ada'"; 3. William. 
SAMTJEL, of Warren Co., near Hope, b. 26 Nov., 1765, m. Rachel Ogden (dau. of 
Gabriel), b. 22 May, 1782 ; had ch.: 1. Charles, b. 3 Aug., 1807, d. 1814 ; 2. Joseph 
R., b. 17 Nov., 1794, d. 1876 ; 3. James S.. b. 1797, d. 1843 ; 4. Betsey M., b. 1810, <L 
1865 ; 4. Sarah A., b. 1815, d. 1882. Elisabeth, buried at Yellow Frame Pres. 
Ch.. near Johnsonburgh. N. J., b. 5 Jan.. 1770. d. 13 June, 1799. Adam's estate 
administered by Peter. 31 Maroh, 1"98, in Susses Co. Henry's estate administered 
by his wife Urie. 28 May, 1787, in Hunterdon Co. John William. Manoss [Her- 
manes]. Moritz and Schirdgen [Jurgen (?) or George] occur in the list of John 
Peter Nitzer's customers in German Valley, 1757 and 8. Dayid and Mary have 
ch. (on Lebanon ch. records) : 1. Johannes, b. 2 March, 1769 ; 2. Jacob, b. 8 Nov., 
1770 ; 3. Abraham, 10 Oct., 1773 ; 4. Herman, b. 13 June, 1779 ; 5. Elisabeth, b. 
14 Dec, 1781. Hermanes and Christena had ch. : 1. Catherine, b. 1 June, 1767. 
2. Johannes, b. 21 June, 1770. Voritz and Catherine, had ch. : 1. Elisabeth, b. 18 
April, 1771 : 2. Catherine, b. 13 Feb., 1773 ; 3. Moritz, b. 8 Jan., 1780 ; 4. Catherine 
b. 14 June. 1803 ; 5. William Brewer, b. 2 Nov., 1805. John and Margaret Blumin 
[feminine form of Blum or Bloom]; had ch.: 1. Maria, b. 2 May, 1763 ; 2. Maci- 
dalena, b. 12 Feb., 1767 ; 3. Sophia, b. 14 Feb., 1769 ; 4. Dorothea, b. 1771. 

Dorland — Drake 335 


-JAN GERRISE (i. e. •' ohn, s. of Garret) arrived in this country 1652 ; cook oath 
of allegiance in Brooklyn 1687 ; prob. had son GERRIT, who took oath of 
allegiance in Brooklyn 1687, described as born in this country ; prob. rem. to 
Staten Island ; prob. he or a s^n Gerrit had ch. whose baptisms are recorded ou 
the Somerville records : 
GERRIT, s. of Jan Gerrise. 

I. MARIA, bap. 20 Oct., 1706. 
IL LISBET, bap. 26 Oct., 1709. 

III. GAERTJEN, bap. 6 Aug., 1712. 

IV. WILLIAM, bap. 1 .Aug., 1725. 

LAMBERT s in Brooklyn 1663 ; rem. to Staten Island, then to the Raritans 1717 
or before. He is perhaps a bro. of Garret : perhaps had ch., who owned land. 
1769, adjoining one another at Sourland. Somerset Co. : 
IV. JOHANNES, perh. the one, whose will, 7 June, prob. 8 Aug., names 

wife Altje, "my three bros." [not namedl and sisters. 
PETER, prob. a grandson of one of the above, was a miller ; rem. to Canada with 
all his family but his s. Samuel; m. Margaretha and had ch. : 
I. WILLIAM, b. 3 May, 1803. 

IV. SAMUEL, b. 1809, d. 12 April, 1774. m. Catherine Teeter ; has ch. : 
Isaac, mill er in G. V. 


ROBERT DRAKE, b. Devonshire, Eng., 1580 ; d. Jan. 14, 1668 ; from Exeter. 
New England, rem. to Hampton, N. H, where he " entered his causion" about 
house and lands, bo't of Sam'l Peabody, in 1650, Mar. 15 ; selectman, 1654 : will 
May 15, 1663 ; prob. Apr. 11, 1668. Mentions three children in his will with 
two dau's of his son Nathaniel (Jane and Rachel), and four of Abraham (Susan- 
nah, Mary, Elisabeth and Hannah.) : 
I. NATHANIEL, b. Devonshire, Eng., 1612 ; rem. Portsmouth ; on grand 
jury, 1656 ; selectman. 1691 ; m. 1 unknown ; 9, Jane, wid. of William 
Berry ; had ch. : Rachel, and Jane, m, William Wallace, Dec. 15, 1673. 
H. ABRAHAM, b. Devonshire, Eng., 1620 : rem. with his wife, Jane, to 
Hampton ; had ch. : Susannah, m 1 (as 2d w.) Capt. Anthony Bracket 
of Falmouth ; 2, Oct. 30, 1700, John Taylor of Hampton ; Abraham, b. 
Dec. 29, 1654 ; Sarah, b. Aug. 20, 1656 ; Mary, b. Mar. 25, 1658 : Elisa- 
beth, b. July 11, 1660 ; Hannah, b. Oct. 14, 1662 ; Robert, b. Sept. 27, 

IV. FRANCIS, (supposed to be a son of Robert, although not mentioned in 
his will) at " Portsmouth, N. H, 1661, where he is found on the grand 
jury, 1663 : prob. rem. to N. J. soon after." (Savage's Geneal. Diet.): 

33& Early Germans of New Jersev 

d. about 1687 ; m. Mary and had ch. : 
(I). Francis, d Piscataway, will prob. April 27, 1733 ; m. Patience ; had 

ch. : 1. Martha ; 2. Rachel, m. 1733 Keune Runyon (son Vincent), b. 

1711, d. 1776 ; had 6 children, b. fr. 1735-16 ; 3. Betty; 4. Francis ; 5. 

Benjamin; 6. James; 7. Henry; 8. Joseph, Jr., m. 1 Catherine 

Cbeeseman ; 2 Elisabeth Crow, 1754, Mar. 27. 
(II). George, d. Piscataway, will prob. Nov. 8, 1709 ; m. Mary Oliver of 

Elisabethtown ; had ch. : 

1. Andrew, m. Hannah Fitzrandolph (dau of Joseph); d. Piscataway, 

will prob. Dec. 2, 1743 ; hadch. : (1) Jeremiah, will prob. 1750, Fiscal 
away, names Andrew, Jeremiah, Hugh, Ruth and Martha ; (2) 
Edward, perh. from Piscataway to Washington Valley, and had 
Joseph, Jeremiah, Andrew, Mary, Catherine, Sarah ; (3) David, 
will, Piscataway, 1747, names w. Sarah and ch Susannah, Sarah, 
Mary, and bros. Jeremiah and Fitzrandolph Drake ; (4) Joanna, 
m a Manning ; (5) Susannah, m. a Smalley ; |6) Mercy, m. [Ger- 
shorn] Lee ; (7) Lydia ; (8) Sarah ; (9) Catherine. 

2. Jonathan. 

3. David. 

4. George. 

5. Elisabeth. 
U. Susannah. 

7. Mary. 

8. Hannah. 

9. Deborah. 

(III). Rev. John, d. 1739 (1740 ?) pastor Baptist Church of Piscataway until 
his death, also civil magistrate ; m. 1 Rebecca Trotter, 1677 ; 2d and 
3d wives unknown ; will prob April 7, 1740, names Benjamin, Isaac, 
Abraham, Samuel, Hannah (and her sons, Samuel and Jonas, exec- 
utors), Sarah Fvlson, Mary Davis, and grandchildren Abraham, 
John, Philip, Gershom 

1. John tperhaps of Piscataway, will prob. May 30, 1751, names w. Ann, 
bro. -in-law Jos. Fitzrandolph and cousin Joseph Drake Jr.) 

2. Francis. 

3. Samuel. 

4. Joseph, perhaps of Piscataway; will prob. Feb. 7, 1758, names wife 
Sarah and children, (1) Ephraim ; (2) Reuben ; (3) Timeon ; (4) Imlo 
(Imla ?) ; (5) Joseph 

5. Benjamin, perhaps of Hopewell, Hunterdon county ; tax list, Hope- 
well township, 1722, "Ben. Drack, 260 acres; will prob. Aug. 30, 1763, 
names wife TTnnTiah and children, 

(') Rebecca, 

(2) Zechariah. 

(3) Hannah 

(4) William. 

(5) Edmond perh. of Hopewell ; will prob. June, 1767 ; exec. John and 

wife not named ; had ch., Nicholas, Catherine, Elisabeth ; he 
names in will "my bro's Thomas, Nathan and Daniel." 
16) Francis (not in will of Benjamin) ; will, Hopewell, Feb. 7 and 
April 17, 1753, names bro's Zechariah, Edmond and Daniel ; 



half-sister Hannah and bro. -in-law Richard Evans 

(7) Thomas (called bro. in will of Edmond). 

(8) Daniel (called bro. in will of Edmond and Francis). 
Abraham, perh. of Roxbury, whose will dated there 1759, was prob. 

Newton, N. J., May 6, 1763, names four children below ; in deed, 
1761, Abraham and Deliverance sell 368 acres to Moses Tompkin?, 
all of Roxbury and land also ; bought 54 acres from Proprietors, 
'25 April, 1751, what is now the mill property at Drakesville ; in 
1819 this property, then belonging to Abraham and Jacob B. Drake, 
was sold by Sheriff to Abigail Young ; m. Deliverance and had ch : 
(1) Abraham (deceased at time of father's will, 1759) ; had two chil- 
dren mentioned in their grandfather's will, viz : 
(a) Abraham, b. 1730, April 23 ; d. Feb. 7, 1806 ; bur. at Succa- 
sunna ; will pr. Feb. 25, 1806 ; m. Anna Young (daughter of 
Morgan Ti, April 17, 1763 ; had ch.: Jacob, "3d," at first 
thought to be Jacob, who married Ellen and had child, 
bap. at Whippany, but this Jacob was married as early 
as 1757, and therefore could not be the son of Abraham 
and Anna ; probably b. 30 April, 1772, d. 27 Nov., 1843, 
m. Anna, b. 12 Feb., 1775, d. 8 Jan., 1837, both buried at 
Succasunna ; William Y., m. Jane Cory ; rem., 1808, from 
Drakesville to Ohio and from there to Illinois ; had ch. : 
Elisabeth, d. at 5 : Charlotte, m. Cyrus Longworthy in 1814 ; 
Lewis, d. at 2 ; David A., b. 1 July, 1799, d. 6 Aug., 1849, m. 
Elisabeth Ogden (dau. of John O. of New Brunswick) , had 
Jane, John O., James P., Charles S. C, Mary Ann , David 
M. C, ; Sarah, m. James Patterson ; Anna, m. Robert Mur- 
phy ; Morgan, died young ; Catherine, m. Asa Gregg ; 
Rachel L., m. Amariah Watson ; Mary, m. first, Elisha 
Wood ; second. A. Clark ; William. C. , m. first, Lucy Wat- 
son ; second, Mrs. A. Longworthy ; Morgan, b. Dec. 24, 
1764 ; d. Nov. 3, 1806 ; will pr. Dec. 11 ; wife Sarah, no chil- 
dren ; Elisabeth, m. first, Abraham Slack ; second, an 
Easton, and lived in Peoria, DJ. ; Catt. 
(6) Col. Jacob, b. 21 April, 1732, at Piscataway; d. Sept., 1823, 
at 93 ; bot. 500 acres near Drakesville, 1789 ; m. first, Charity 
Young, b. 1744, d. 26 Oct., 1776, at 32 ; second, 13 Dec., 1781, 
Esther Dickerson (dau. Capt. Peter, and widow of George 
King) ; had one child by first wife and six by the second : 
(<xa) Rachel, m. 10 Oct., 1782, Samuel Howell (s. of. Chas. T). 
(bb) Clarissa, b. 23 Aug., 1783, d. 31 Mar., 1857, m. Ebenezer 

{cc) Silas, b. 10 April, 1790 ; had 3 children and went West. 
{dd) The Hon. Georoe Kino, b. 16 Sept., 1788, d. May, 1837 ; 

Judge of the Supreme Court, N. J. 
(ee) Peter, b. 9 April, 1792. 

(ff) Eliza, b. 4 April, 1794, m. Jan., 1814, Dr. A. Woodruff, 
(c) Hkzektah, owned land at Drakestown ; had ch. : 

(aa) SrLVANU8, b. 1760, d. 24 Nov., 1824, m. Elisabeth Hilts 
(dau. of Anthony), b. 5 May, 1773, d. 24 Nov., 1824 ; res. 

33 8 Early Germans of New Jersey 

Drak«stown, Washington twp., Morris Co., N. J.: had 
ch. : Anthony, b. 3 May, 1792, m. first, Margaret Corwin ; 
second, Annie Waldorf (wid. of Ezra Caiy) by whom 2 
ch., Silvanus, b. 1819. and Nelson H.,b. 1 July, 1823, who 
m. Mary C. Wing ; John, m. Amanda Salmon (dau. of 
Stephen) ; Elisabeth, m. John Budd ; Hezekiah, m. Annie 
More ; Millie (Miriam), m. John B. Stephens. 
(66) Aaron, b. 15 Jan., 1765, d. 1824, m. first, a Hilts ; second. 
Margaret Gulick. b. 13 July, 1783 ; had ch. : Hezekiah, 

m. first, Melmda Lake (dau. of Garret) ; second, ; 

John, b. 17 Aug., 1805, m. a Thorpe ; Clarissa, b. 24 
July, 1803, m. Samuel Stephens (s. of Daniel) ; Eliza, b. 
13 Oct., 1814, m. Wm. C. Hilts (s. of Samuel); Ebenezer 
Woodruff, b. 28 May, 1823, m. Margaret Lake (dau. of 

(d) Silas, "Senior" (Silvanus or Silvester), b. 1737, d. at Hope, 

Warren Co., 15 Sept., 1812 ; rem. to Hope from Drakestown, 
Morris Co., m. Mercy, b. 1742, d. 30 Jan., 1815 ; had ch. : 
Hezekiah, b. 1777, d. 1810, at 33 ; Miriam (or Millie), m. 
Caleb Swazey of Hope : a daunhter, m. Jacob Swazey, and 
rem. to K. Y. State ; perhaps others. 

(e) Julius. 

(/) Miriam, m. William Young. 

(2) Nathaniel, freeholder, Roxbury twp., 1741 ; licensed tavern 

keeper, July, 1743 ; his will, 13 Jan., prob. 2 May, 1778, in 

Sussex Co., names w. Ann, and 4 ch. ; the executors are Col. 

Jacob Drake, Jabesh Bell and John Besherer, all of Morris Co. ; 

had ch. : 
(a) Nathaniel, his will, " Hardwick, Sussex Co." prob. 18 Feb., 
1824, names brother John, sister Anne, Mary McClennen, 
John Drake, Jr., Nathaniel Drake, Jr., Samuel Drake, Alex- 
ander Drake, Sarah Penny, Margaret Drake, Anne Wilcox, 
and George B. Drake ; all prob. children of his brothers 
and sisters. 
(6) Joseph, b. 1761. d. 1813, m. first. Miss Desire ; second, Mrs. 
Susannah Ayres ; had ch. : Nathaniel ; John ; Sarah, m. 
a Penny i Martha: Alexander F.; Margaret, m. William 
Young ; Mark L.; George £., b. 28 Sept., 1812, m. first, 
Mary Ann Potts ; second, Sarah A. Crissman. 

(c) Samuel. 

(d) John. 

(3) Jacob, who signs call to minister for Suecasunna church 1768 ; 

prob. had at least one son : 
(a) Jacob, m. Joan (Jane) Chambers, wid. of Moses Ayres (who 
d. 1750, Nov., and left five children) : 

[aa) Simeon, b. , m. Mary Terry, had Esther (brought up 

by J. I. Cooper) and Simeon. 
(66) Paul, b. 17 Jan., 1761, prob. d. Sept., 1828, m. first, Mary 
Luce, d. 2 April, 1792, m. 18 Sept., 1781 ; second, Lydia 
Hays, 7 Dec, 1792 ; had ch.: Miriam, b. 14 June, 1782, 

Drake 339 

m. Burns Montanye ; Sarah, b. 1 Oct., 1783 ; Elisabeth, 
b. 38 Nov., 1784, m. Sylvester Larison ; Jacob, b. 23 May, 

1786, m. TTann ; Nancy, b. 4 Aug., 1787, m. Gilbert 

Youngs ; Zephaniah L., b. 1 Feb., 17 <1 9, m. Mary 11. 
Hart (dau. Capt. William) ; Paul B., b. 27 May, 1791, m. 
Hannah Runyon, had Sarah im. Peter Bale), Fordham L. 
and Catherine ; Mary L., b. 20 Jan., 1792, m. Isaac Lyon. 

(cc) Jeremiah. 

(dd\ Francis, (writes from Goshen to his bro. Paul, 1806). 

(ee) Jacob, Jr., b. 10 Mar., 1763, d. 29 Mar., 1844, m. Phebe 
McCurry, b. 18 Oct., 1768, d, 1832 ; had ch.: Malcolm, 
b. 1 Aug., 1785, d. 17 Nov., 1792 ; Zephaniah, b. 3 Dec, 
1788, d. 7 Nov., 1834, m. first, Ruth Faircloe (dau. of 
Isaiah), b. 3 July, 1788, d. 8 June, 1825 ; second, Martha 
Halsey ; Jacob, b. 1791, d. 1792 ; John. b. 16 Aug., 1796, 
d. 31 Aug., 1854, m. Mary Emmons idau. of Nicholasl ; 
no children. 

[ff\ John. 

(gg) Ellas. 
(4) Elisha, signs. 1768, with Jacob, the call to minister for Succa- 

sunna and Chester Pres. Ch. ; prob. had ch. : Jacob, whose will 

"Roxbury," May 27, prob. 2 June, 1777, names three brothers ; 

John, Daniel and Elisha. 

7. Sarah. 

8. Isaac, whose will, prob. Essex, 1759, names ch.: (1). Samuel ; (2). 

Isaac; (3). Daniel; (4). Nathaniel; (5). Hannah, m. Geo. Lang. 

9. Rebecca, perh. m. James Fitzrandolph (s. of Joseph, who was born 


10. Jacob. 

11. Ebenezer, prob. the one who bought land of John Boynton on 

Schooley's Mountain near Drakestown, 16 June, 1757. 

12. Ephraxsi, perhaps the one who bought the tavern lot at Pleasant 

Grove, Schooley's Mountain in 1768. An Ephraim bought land 
near Newton, Sussex Co., '.4 July, 1768 : perhaps removed from 
Andover to Sandyston, after the Revolution, and had son Benja- 
min, and grandson John. 
DANIEL, perh. son of Jacob, who was son of ABRAHAM of Roxbury ; his name 
is not included in names of the sons of the 1st JOHN of the other family of 
Mendham, but claimed to be of the same family. "Bought farm 250 acres near 
Mendham still in family": m. Phebe Extell, 27 Dec., 1759 ; hadch.: 
I. ELISABETH, b. 8 April, 1761. 

II. DANIEL, b. 17 Nov., 1762, d. Aug. 1, 1834, m. Eunice Drake (dau. John), 
b. 2 Aug., 1769, d. 21 Sept., 1844 ; had ch.: 

(I). John, b. 21 May, 1790, d. 7 May, 1868, m. Miriam Hall (dau. of Rich- 
ard and Elisabeth Roy), 1826 ; had ch.: Sarah C, b. 1827 ; Aaron 
b. 1831, m. Emilia J. Caldwell ; Caroline, b. 1837. 
(II). Aaron, b. Mar 5, 1794, d. 1828 at 35, m. first, Mary Scudder (dau. 

), 1816 ; second, Ann H. Harrison ; had ch. : Julia A., b. 1817; 

Julius A., b. 1828, m. A. Caldwell. 
(III). Julia Ann, b. 10 Dec., 1799, m. first, Rufus Sanders, 1821 ; second. 

340 Early Germans of New Jersey 

Abram Reynolds. 
(IV). Henry, b. 24 June, 1803, m. first, Sarah A. Sturgis ; second Phebe 

III. HENRY, b. 5 July, 1765. 

IV. PHEBE, b. 24 Jan., 1768. 
V. JEMIMA, b. 10 Jan., 1771. 

CHARLES, bought of Isaac Decou, 1779, 321 acres, including the Schooley's Mt. 
Springs ; his will, June 6, prob. Aug. 8, 1791, names wife Sarah and ch. : 
I. RACHEL, m. David Pisher ; had ch. : 
(I). John, b. 4 July, 1788. 
(II). Zach arias, b. 9 March, 1790. 
(HI). Sakah, b. 29 Oct., 1791. 
(IV). Anna, b. 29 Sept., 1794. 
(V). Maria, b. 19 Nov., 1796. 
II. WILLIAM, b. Sept. 22, 1756, d. Feb. 21, 1852, m. Agnes Johnson of New- 
ton, b. 1772, d. April 28, 1853 ; had ch. : 

(I). Abraham, res. Drakesville and Stanhope, m. for second wife a 
Drake ; first and third unknown. 
(II). Hampton, m. Ellen Fisher. 
(III). Job, res. Newton. N. J., m. third, Elisabeth Johnson ; first and second 

(IV). Charles, res. Walnut Grove. 
(V). John, not married. 

(VI). James, res. Schooley's Mountain, b. 1796, m. Hester Wyckoff ; had 
ch. : (a). Eliza A., m. Simon V. Fisher (s. of George and Anna) ; 
(b). Elmira, m. John Anthony ; (c). Hampton, m. Caroline Groff 
(Will); (d). Joseph, m. Mary Cool (daughter of Will.); (e). Mary, 
d. at 21 ; (f). James, m. Charlotte Drake (of Stanhope, dist. relat'n). 
HI. MARGARET, m. Casper Hendershot. 

V. RUTH, m. Israel Swazey (s. of Israel). 
VI. ZECHARIAH, m. Mary. 
IX. CHARLES, removed to Pittston, Pa. 
IMLA, (prob. s. of Joseph, who was s. of Rev. John), b. May 1, 1751, d. Jan. o, 
1826 ; rem. from Hunterdon Co. to Warren, m. Temperance McPherson, b. 
Oct. 15, 1750, d. Jan. IS, 1826 ; had ch. : 
I. SAMUEL, b. Amwell twp., Hunterdon Co.. April 26, 1774, d. March 31, 
1848, m. Catherine Hulshizer (dau. of John Martin), b Sept. 14, 1775, d. 
March 17, 1853 ; lived in Warren Co. near Asbury ; had ch. : 
(I). Rebecca, b. Feb. 1, 1797, d. Dec. 2, 1865, m. first, an Osborn ; second 

a Stewart. 
(II). Margaret, b. Nov. 5, 1798, d. Dec. 2, 1865 [? 1881, July 21], m. Thos. 

(IH). Sarah, b. June 9, 1801, d. 1802. 

(IV). John, b. Dec. 19, 1803, d. April 28, 1873, m. Margaret Stewart. 
(V). Martin, b. May 19, 1806, d. May 2, 1887, m. Sophia M'Ginley. 
(VI). Temperance, b. Nov. 22, 1809, d. June 17, 1872, m. Luther C. Carter. 

Drake 341 

(VTt). Haet, b. Aug. 22, 1812, d. Feb. 6, 1852, unmarried. 
(VIII). Samuel S., b. Jan. 14, 1816, d. Aug. 18, 1867, m. Susan Vliet (dau. of 
'IX). William, b. June 22, 1818, m. Rachel M. Axford (dau. of Daniel). 
(X). David A , b. Mar. 9, 1821, d. 1878, m. Lucy Barr. 
II. DAVID, m. Sarah Henry. 
III. LMLA, m. Jane Kerr. 
rV. REBECCA, m. Joseph Drake. 
V. RACHEL, m. Abraham Pyles. 
VI. MARY, b. 1787, d. Sept. 21, 1794, at seven years and five months; buried at 
Quakertown, N. J. 

JOHN from Holland, m. Magdalena Brouwer, 1718 : she was bap. 8 March, 1704, 
dau. of Jacob and Annetje Bogardus (dau. of William, son of Dominie Ever 
ardus Bogardus and Anneka Jans) ; perhaps the same as the Johannes Drack. 
who signs subscription, 29 April, 1715, towards building the Ref. Dutch church 
of Jamaica, L. I., and whose pew falls to the church in the year 1721, probably 
because he had moved away ; had ch. : 

III. JACOB, m. Helen ; Jacob and Helen " renew covenant" at Whippany 6 

Feb., 1757 ; have ch. bap. at Whippany : 
(I). Cornelius, bap. 7 Feb., 1757. 
(II). Stephen, bap. 7 Feb., 1757. 
(LTD. Maby, bap. 7 Feb., 1757. 
(IV). Jemima, bap. 7 May, 1769. 
(V). Jacob, bap. 17 May, 1772 [b. 30 April, 1772, d. 27 Nov., 1843, m. Anna, 
b. 12 Feb., 1775, d. 8 Jan., 1837 ; both buried at Succasunna] .' 

IV. JOHN (son of John and Magdalene Brower), b. 1733, d. at Mendnam, 28 

Aug., 1784, at 51, m. Sarah Perry; his will prob. 16 Sept., 1784 ; had ch. : 
(I). Maby, b. 1757. d. 10 Feb., 1826, at 68. 
(II). Sarah, m. Ephraim Carnes. 

(III). Hannah, b. June, 1758, m. June, 1787, Nathaniel Wh ttaker. 
(IV). Eunice, b. 2 Aug., 1769, d. 1844, m. Daniel Drake is. of Daniel and 
Phebe Extell). 
(V). Lydia. 
CI). John, died near Succasunna. 

(VII). ! Ebenezer, b. 17 Aug., 1757, m. Mary Wills (dau. of Samuel), b. 25 
May, 1759, d. 30 July, 1850 ; had one son James W.. m. Susan Doty. 
VI. SAMCTEL, has dau. Martha, bap. at Whippany, 28 Dec., 1760. 
XII. EVERARDUS, perh. the same as Gerrzrdus (Gerard), who is plaintiff 
and defendant in two cases in Court of Common Pleas, Morris Co., July 
and Sept. 1754 ; m. 27 Feb., 1753, Sarah Beach, [ Whippany records]. 
Miscellaneous — Dirck Claesen Draeck has a son bap. in New York, 7 

342 Early Germans of New Jersey 

Mar.-ih, IfiVt. JoaN. ai. in New York, 25 April, 1715, Belietje Hill. 

Marriages on Record at Trenton— Oershom Drake, of Middlesex, to Rachel 
Drake, 25 Aug., 1740. Isaac, of Essex, to Ruth Martin, 23 Feb., 1743. William, of 
Bucks Co., Pa., to Lydia Drake, 27 Jan., 174C. John, to Mary Munde, 8 Mar., 1749. 
Joseph, of Middlesex, to Mary Davis, 9 May, 1749. Nathan, of Fiscataway, to 
Ruth Drake, of Essex, 31 Aug., 1752. Joseph, Jr., of Middlesex, to Catherine 
Cheesemen, 8 Nov., 1752. Joseph Jr., of Middlesex, to Elisabeth Crow, 27 March, 
1764. James, of Middlesex, to Mary Ro^s, 8 May, 1765 Benjamin, of Hunterdon, 
to Sarah Wood. 7 April, i763. Nathan, of Hunterdon, to Tamar Jones, 21 May, 
1770. William, of Salem, to Sarah Booth, 2 Nov., 1774. Hugh, of Salem, to Jane 
Chester, 1 Dec, 1775. Daniel, of Hunterdon, to Pkebe Reeder, 8 July, 1777. John, 
of Hunterdon, to Charity Hunt, 20 Feb., 1779. Thomas, of Hunterdon, to Elisa- 
beth Reeder, 1 March, 1785. 


PHILIP DUFFORD, (Tofort, Tuffort, Duford, Dufford. Deforb) ; the name sug- 
gests a Huguenot origin, perhaps being originally Devoor, or DuFour. (See 
below for this family). Philip Tofort, Sr., and Philip Tofort, Jr., arrived at 
Philt... 11 Sept., 173S, in the ship Robert and Oliver, with the Neighbor, Weise, 
Terri berry and other German Valley families. Philip prob. leased what is now 
the Nathan Anthony property near Middle Valley, afterwards occupied by his 
son Jacob ; his will, dated 15 Feb., 1767, prob. 1 Feb., 1769, names w. Catrina, 
sons Adam and George, one dau., Mary Magdalena, and grandson, Jurry Stuffy 
[George Stephen], the latter being a son of Jacob ; prob. had ch. : 

I. JACOB, not mentioned in his father's will ; but his son George Stephen is; 
had ch.: 

(I). Matthias, b. 1738, d. 1818, Vay 27; (will prob. '818, Jan. 5), m. 
Judith Trimmer, b. 1746, d. 1798, Oct. 18, at 52 years, 5 months, 18 
days ; had ch. : 

1. John, m. (1), 1791, Dec. 25, Ann Trimmer (dau. of Leonard), b. 

1770, Dec. 22, d. 180«, Dec. 4, and (2), Margueretta Swackhamer 
(dau. of John 1st) ; had ch. : (1). Mary ; (2). James ; (31. Stephen ; 
(4). Theodore; (5). John; (6). Annie; (7). Jacob, m. Jane; had 
one child. John, b. 1807, Oct. 12 ; (8). Matthias, b. 1808, Oct. 14. 

2. Jacob, m. 1792, Jan. 10, Elisabeth Hager (dau. of David), b. 1778 ; 

had ch. : 

(1). Map.t, b. 1795, Dec. 16, m. 1813, Jan. 21, John Derryberry (s. 
of Philip). 

(2). John, b. 1797, m. (1), Sophia Dufford (dau. of Jacob, the s. 
of George Stephen) ; (2) Mrs. Elisabeth Hoffman (dau. of 
Henry H.) ; (3) Mrs. Julia A. Hoffman (dau. of Henry H.) ; 
had ch. : Philip, m. Mary Trimmer ; Jacob, m. (1) Erne 
line Trimmer ; (2) Mary Taylor (dau. of Thomas) ; Morris, 
m. (1) Elisabeth Skinner ; (2) Mary Gulick (dau. of John 
William and Margaret Dufford) ; Elisabeth, m. Joseph 
Rice ; Mariah, m. Nelson Trimmer (s. of Andrew) ; Sarah, 
died young ; Sallie, unmarried ; only child by second wife. 

(ol. David, m. Mary Derose ; had ch. : Augustus, m. Margaret 
Thomas (dau. of John) ; Caroline, m. D. H. Wolfe ; Sophia, 
m. George Youngs (s. of Stephen) ; James, m. Mary Hann 


(dau. of Charles); George, uumarried ; Clara Woodr-vff, 

unmarried ; Jennie Meeker, unmarried. 
(4). William, m. Harriet Woodruff ; res. at Newark ; had ch.: 

Theodore, m. Jane Meeker ; Mary, m. Thomas Harrison ; 

Clara, m. John Kessam. 
(5). Matthias, m. Maria Wise (dau. of Jacob IB, whose second 

husband was Morris Naughright ; had ch. : Man/ Elisa- 

be'h, m. P hili p Seneca Wise. 

3. Ann, m. (3d w.) Philip Kern is. of Christopher). 

4. Maria, m. Daniel Weyer, of Weyertown, Morris Co. 

5. Elisabeth, m. Samuel Schampanore. 

(IB. George Stephen, b. 1741, d. 1817, Jan. 23. will prob. 1S17, Feb. 26. 
m. Ann Mary Tr imm er (dau. of Matthias B, b. 1743, d. 1*26. Jan. 
5, at S3 years ; had ch. : 
1. Jacob, m. 1793, Jan. S, Maria Wise ; ha/1 ch. : 

ll). John, m. Elisabeth Best; res. near Flanders; had ch.: 
James, m. a Drake ; Stephen, m. a dau. of Jacob Miller . 
Alford ; Mary, m. a Conover ; Ann, unmarried. 
(2). Philip, m. Clarissa Dickerson ; had ch. : Elisabeth, m. a 
Henry ; Mary, unmarried ; Ellen, m. Philip Kara ; James 
O., d. in the war, unmarried ; Theodore, rem. to West and 
married ; George, m. Mary Cool (dau. of John) ; Henry, 
went West : one died in infancy. 
(3). William, m. Menlda Wise (dau. of Andrew and widow of 
Andrew Trimmer); had ch. : Eliphalet W., went West ; 
William, m. Delia Hiller (dau. of Rev. Alfred) ; Elisabeth. 
m. L. Hager Trimmer <s. of Anthony) ; Eliza, m. Samuel 
(4). Jacob, m. Catherine Vandervoort ; had ch. : Ella, m. a 

Patterson ; William ; Benjamin. 
(5). George, b. 1794. m. Elisabeth Neighbor idau. of Leonard 
IIB, b. 1800. "Lived several years on Fox Hill, then 
returned to German Valley where !ie owned ioO acres of 
land;" had ch. : 
(a). Leonard N., b. 1819, m. Jane Lane. 

(6). Stephen, b. 182?, d. 

(c). William G., b. 1834, m. (1) Caroline Welsh ; (2) Mary Ann 
Hoffman : had ch. list wife): Elisabeth, who m. Daniel 
Spangenberg (Washington, N. J.) ; (3d wife) George, 
Stephen, Marguerite Fritts (died young), Caroline, Hen- 
rietta, Mary, Jemima, Anna, Sarah, Alice, Minnie, 
(d). Lawrence, b. 1826, m. Catherine Swackhamer (dau. of 

Fred.) ; one child. 
(e). Elijah, b. 1828, m. Susan Swackhamer. 
(/). Mart Elisabeth, b. 1834, m. Philip L. Welsh, 
(g). Henry P., m. (1) Sarah E. Wise ; (2) Laura Linnell. 
(A). James, died young, 1833. 
It). George, b. 1837, m. Jane Heath, 
(j). John, b. 1837, died young. 

344 Early Germans of New Jersey 

(k). Sophia, ra. Jesse Smith. 

(fl. Andrew P., b. 1842, m. Philhower. 
(m). Ann, b. 1844, m. John E. Wert. 

(n). Catherine, b. 1838,- m. Jesse Smith. 
(6). Elisabeth, m. Joseph Karr. 
(7). Mart. b. 1800, Jan. 5, m. John Naughright. 
(8). Sophia, m. John Dufford (dau. of Jacob), s. of Matthias I. 
(9). Margaret, m. John W. Gulick (s. of John and Barbara). 

2. Elisabeth, m. Jacob Kern (no children). 

3. Ann, b. 1770, d. 1837, m. (I) John Neighbor Is. of Leonard II) ; had 

one dau. who m. Daniel Dilts 3rd, bro. of Jos ph ; and (2) Joseph 
Dilts and had one child, died young. 

4. Sophia, m. 1798, Dec. 25, John Trimmer, had one girl. 

5. Magdalene, m. Andrew Wack (s. of Casper). 

6. Catherine, ni. George Hartrum (s. of George Ti. 

(III). Jacob, b. 1745, d. 1822, m. Elisabeth Swackhamer (dau. of Samuel), 
b. 174S, d. 1823, will prob. 1823, Dec. 2 ; no children. 
II. GEORGE, m. Catherine Elisabeth ; bad a dau. Catherine, b. 1752, con- 
firmed "in the Valley," 1772, at IP years. 
III. ADAM, his name occurs 1758, Feb. 16, on Tewkabury twp. book. 

Quite a number of 'Walloons and Huguenots took refuge in the Palatinate about 
l(x>0, from religious persecution in France and French Flanders. They resided for 
some time in Mannheim, the capital of the Palatinate of the Rhine, and at Franck- 
enthal, and from thence came to England and America. This was the case with 
the families of Louis du Bois, the founder of New Paltz [or the New Palatinate], N. 
Y., and of the Demarest, De Vaux, Hasbrouck, Le Febre and at least nine other 
families, who afterwards emigrated to this country. [Baird's Huguenots, Vol. I, 
p. 188], Some members of the Lucas and Laurent (Laurens or Lawrence) families 
came directly from La Rochelle, in France, to England, and from thence to America. 
Frantz Lucas and Johannes Lorentz, of the 2d Palatine Emigration, may have 
been originally from Rochelle, having gone from thence to the Palatinate. Isaac 
Feber (Le Fever), in the first Palatine emigration, was prob. a Walloon relative of 
the Simon Le Febre (Le Fever) , who went from French Flanders to Mannheim and 
then by way of England to New Paltz. It is therefore not at all unlikely that the 
Toff orts (Duff orts, Duffords) were originally DuFours (De Voors or Du Fourts) and 
belonged to Mons in Hainault. 

DAVID DU FOUR [Dc Fotjrt, De Voor, Du Voor] of Mons in Hainault [a prov- 
ince in the N. E. part of France], came to this country in 1657 ; one of his sons 
settled in the vicinity of Readington, although there are now no representatives 
remaining in this part of New Jersey. David had children : 
I. JEAN, bap. in N. T., 1655, prob. had ch.: 
(I). Rachel, bap. 23 Feb., 1687. 
(II). Arlentje, bap. 21 Nov., 1688. 
(III). Jannetje, bap. 28 Feb., 1690. 
(TV). Theunis, bap. 12 Feb., 1696. 
II. JORIS [George], bap. 7 July, 1658. 

III. PETER, bap. 15 Oct., 1662. 

IV. ADRLEN, bap. 28 Jan., 1665. 

[V. DAVID (prob. also s. of David) ; had ch. : 

Dufford — Eckel — Ege 345 

(I). Jannetje, bap. 20 Jan., 1695. 
[VI. DANIEL Iperh. also a s. of David), perhaps settled on Raritan before 1720, 
when his name is found among members Dutch Church ; had ch. : 
(I). Cornelis, bap. 26 July, 1696. 

(ID. Mattheas, bap. iSomerville recordsl 22 Aug., 1716. 
(III). Hendrick, whose will, " Readington," prob. 1766, names wife Cath- 
arine, and ch. : 

1. Henry. 

2. Daniel. 

3. John. 
4 James. 

5. Elisabeth. 

6. Rachel. 

7. Catharine. 

8. Sarah. 

9. Lea. 

10. Ann. 

11. Margaret. 


HEINR1CH HAECKEL [Eckel], came from Germany about 1750 ; settled at 
Hellertown, Pa.; had ch., at least {Hist. Hunt, and Som. Cos., p. 418): 
I. JOHN, m. in Pa., Mary Harpell ; came to Alexandria twp., Hunterdon 
Co., about 17S0 ; res. Mt. Pleasant, where his descendants now live ; 
had ch. : 
(I). HENRY: hadch.: 

1. Aaron. 

2. John. 

3. Eliza. 

4. Fanny. 

5. Peter, m. (1) Sarah Welch ; (2) Emma Rockafellar (dau. of David 

and Elisabethl ; had ch., two by each wife : (1). Elisabeth ; (8). 
Ellen; (3). Laura J.; (4). P. Judson. 

6. Mary Ann. 

7. Henry, m. Susan Case (dau. of Godfrey) ; had ch. who live in 

Frenchtown : (1). Lydia and (2) Levi 
9. Samuel. 
9. George. 
(ID. PHILIP, died young. 
(IV). MARY. 


Ege Family of Pennsylvania. 
MICHAEL EGE, of Carlisle, Cumberland Co., Penn., was one of two brothers, 
the name of the other brother being GEORGE, whose father came from Ger- 
many [or Holland f\ to X. Y., and from there to Phila., where he died. His 
widow, after the death of her husband, rem. to the house of Mr. Stujels, who 
resided and owned iron works in Lancaster Co., Pa. George, the brother of 

346 Early Germans of New Jersey 

Michael, settled in Heidelberg twp., Berks Co., and built in 1793, the Reading 
furnace. lie was prob. Judge of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania in 1793. 
He had at least one daughter Elisabeth. The father of these two brothers was 
probably JOHN MICHAEL, who arrived in Philadelphia from Germany, 30 
Sept., 173S, in ship "Nancy, and Friendship," with BERNARD and JACOB 
Ege. On the 16 Oct., 1751, HANS GEORGE Ege arrived in ship "Duke of 
Wirtemberg." There is a tradition in the New Jersey family that they had 
relatives in Cumberland Co. , Pa. ADAM and MARTIN, probably brothers, 
who were the first of the name in New Jersey were, therefore, probably sons 
by a first wife of the first John Michael ; and Michael and George, sons of the 
same by a second wife. For a Michael Ege, a widower, was married, 25 July, 
1745, to Anna Catherine Hoist. (Records of St. Michael and St. John Lvth. 
Church, Phila., Pa.) This is, of course, simply a probable conjecture. The 
children of John Michael would not be named in the list of emigrants if under 
sixteen. Adam of New Jersey had a son (the eldest) , born 1750, while the chil- 
dren of Michael of Carlisle, Pa., were prob not born before 1780. Michael, 2d. 
bought in April, 17tiS, twelve-sixte»nths of the Carlisle iron works, and shortly 
after became sole owner. " He was one of the most prominent iron-masters of 
Pennsylvania." Shortly before his death, which occurred 31 Aug., 1815, he 
owned the Carlisle works, the Pine Grove furnace. Holly furnace and Cumber- 
land furnace. Each of these consisted of iron works and two or three thousand 
acres of timber and farm land. Mr. Ege was born in Holland and emigrated 
with his brother George to Berks county, and was e igaged in iron-making 
before he bought the Carlisle works. Ee built at the latter place a new metal 
furnace, a steel furnace and a rolling and slitting mill, probably just before the 
Revolution. He also made blister steel and cannon balls for the Revolutionary 
army. The manse house (near the works) was built by Michel Ege in the year 
1795, and is one of the handsomest houses in the county. In 179S he built the 
new dam on Yellow-breeches Creek at Island Grove, and the race, which car- 
ries the water of that dam into Boiling Springs. Michael, 2d, left three sons 
and two daughters : 
I. PETER, inherited from his father the Pine Grove iron works. 
II GEOP^GE, inherited the Mt. Holly furnace about 6 miles from Carlisle ; 

had one son and two daughters : 

(I). Michael M., has a son George F. and three others. 
(II). Caroline. 
(III). A daughter. 
III. MICHAEL, JP*., inherited the Carlisle iron works ; married twice and 

had one child by the first wife and at least six by the second : 

(I). Oliver, b. 1799, d. 9 Aug.. 1889 ; had eh.: 

1. Rev T. P. 

2. \lexander H., of Mechanicsburg, Pa. 

3. Annie E., m. Dr. S. Y. Thompson, of Danville, Pa. 

4. Francis H., m. John E. Zug, of Washington, D. C. 
(II). Andrew G. 

(III). Michael. 

(IY). Charles. 

(Y). Peter P., b. 23 Nov., 181S. d. 1 Jan., 18S1, m. Eliza A. Johns ; had 
ch. : Mary Ann, b. 20 Aug., 1850, m. Henry C Craig ; resided at 
Washington, D. C, has Albert Ege and Nettie Amanda ; Porter 



F., b. 1 April, 1852. m. Hattie EsteUe Hauptman, res. at Washing- 
ton, D. C, has Ada Austin and PhUip Henry ; Ellen, b. 11 Aug. 
1863, m. George L Schuchman, res. Carlisle, Pa., has Mary E. and 
George ; Ann, b. 15 March, 1S55, m. Fred. J. Papst. of New York, 
res. 809 E. 9th St., Kansas City, Mo., and has Frederick ; Adam 
Crouse, b. 24 May, 1858, d. 20 Sept., 1860 ; Ada. b. 30 June, 1860, 
m. Jacob P. Neibert, of Carlisle, Pa,, res. +07 Landis Court, Kansas 
City, Mo., and has Edith ; Laura Emma, b. 17 June, 1862, m. 
Thomas McGuire, of 914 Ashland Ave., Baltimore, Md., and has 
Edward and Charles ; Edward Stiles, b. 8 Sept., 1865, m. Agnes, 
and res. in Chicago ; Charles yesbit. b. 21 Nov., 1869, m. Leutia, 
res. in Altoona, Pa., and has Robert. 
(VI). Edward. 
(VH). Henrietta, m Hon. Frederick Watts and has son Edtvard Biddle 
Watts, a lawyer of Carlisle, Pa. 
IV. ELIZA, m. a Wilson, and inherited the Cumberland iron works. 
V. MARY, m. 11 Jan., 1816, William Chesnut Chambers is. of Arthur and 
Ann, both of the name of Chambers) ; inherited the Cumberland farm 

Eob Family of New Jersey. 
ADAM EGE is thought to have come from Germany with two older brothers, at 
13 years of age. He was most probably a brother of Michael and George of 
Pennsylvania ; he prob. had also a brother Martin, who was witness in 1757 to 
a deed from John Hobbs to Adam Ege for land in Hunterdon Co., N J. Adam 
was brought up by John Hobbs, who probably came from P hi la to Am well 
twp., Hunterdon Co.; the latter being without children, left all his property to 
Adam Ege. He m. about 1748. Margaret Hunt idau. of Thomas ) ; had ch. : 
I. SAMUEL, b. 24 June, 1750, m. Annie Titus (dau. of John), b. 7 June. 1755; 
had ch. : 

(I). John, b. 6 May, 1775, m. 1801, Mary Schenck (dau. of Ralph), of 
Am well twp., Hunterdon Co. ; had three children : 

1. Ralph S., b. Oct., 1801. 

2. Anna, b. 1805. 

3. Andrew, b. 16 Feb., 1813, m. 16 Nov., 1836, Sarah A. Voorhees 

(dau. of ) ; had two ch. : 

(1). Ralph, b. 23 Nov., 1837, m. 18 Oct., 1864, Mary Emma 
Skillman (dau. of Abraham), b. 20 May, 1844 ; had ch : 
Albert A., b. 30 Oct., 1865 ; Sarah, b. 18 June, 1868 ; An- 
drew Howard, b 6 June, 1870, d. 26 Oct., 1891 ; Ida S., b. 
19 Feb., 1876 ; Mary N., b. 28 July, 1880. 
Mr. Ralph Ege belongs to the firm of Ege and Dye, of 
Trenton, domg business in real estate, insurance and loans. 
He has been a nil ng elder in the Presbyterian Church of 
Hopewell, N. J., for 30 years, and Superintendent of the 
Sunday School for 29 years. From this S. S. the church 
was organized twelve years ago. 
(2). Marian, b. 7 Dec., 1853. 
(II). William, b. 18 Aug., 1776. 
(HI). Sarah, b. 18 Jan., 1.78. 
(IV). Andrew, b. 17 Aug., 1779. 

348 Early Germans of New Jersey 

(V). George, b. 7 Sept., 1781. 
(VI). Mast, b. 16 Aug., 1783. 
(VII). Anna, b. 31 July, 1785. 
(VHI). Titus, b. 8 June, 1787. 
(IS)- Mahala, b. 16 Feb., 1794. 
(X). Nathaniel, b. 16 Nov., 1795. 

II. NATHANIEL, b. , d. , m. Jane Howell ; had ch. : 

(I). Stephen. 
(11). Adam. 
(III). Hannah. 
(IV). Nathaniel. 
(V). Jane. 

III. HARRIET, b. , d. , m. Uriel Titus (dau. of ) ; had ch. : 

Joseph Titus, Margaret Titus and Elisabeth Titus. 

IV. JACOB, b. , d. , m. Elisabeth Hart (dau. of ) ; had ch. 

(I). Mart. 
(H). Elisabeth. 
(III). Sarah. 

V. SARAH, b. , d. , m. "William McKinstry (s. of ) ; had ch. 

William, Jane, Elisabeth and Margaret McEinstry. 

VI. ELISABETH, b. , d. , m. Andrew Hart (s. of ) ; had ch. : 

Mary, Hannah, Adam, Asa, Abner. Sarah, Amos and Rebecca Hart. 

VII. GEORGE, b. , d. , m. first, Mary Quick, by whom six ch. : 

second, Mary Ash ton, by whom seven ch. : 

(I) Joseph. 
(II). Samuel. 

(HI). Sarah. 
(TV). Benjamin Quick. 
(V). Jacob. 
(VI). Elisabeth. 
(VH) . James Madison, first child by second wife. 
(VIH). Henry. 
(IX). George. 
(X). Hannah. 
(XI). Lewis. 
(XII). Andrew. 
(XIII). Ralph. 
Miscellaneous — John Jacob Ege, m. 12 Nov., 1758, Anna Margaret Kuemle 
(records St. Michael and Zion Church, Phila , Pa.) 


JACOB, naturalized 1730 ; will dated Lebanon, Hunterdon Co., August 14, prob. 
Nov. 3, 1755, names ch. : 
I, PETER, perhaps m. Elisabeth and had children, according to his will, 
prob. 1821 : 
(I). Juliann. 

(II) Mart. 
(III). William. 

(TV). Mrs. Henry Johnson ; and other daus. 

Eich 349 

m. JACOB, b. 1743, May 18, d. 1819, Dec. 3, m. Margaret, b. 1761, May 15, d. 
1841, July 19 ; had eh. : 
(I). William, b. 1790, Feb. 22. 
(II). Jacob, b. 1792, Jan. 30. 
(III). Anna, b. 1794, July 29. 
(IV). Eva, b. 1797, April 13. 
(V). John, b. 1799, June 9 ; perhaps d. 1887 at 87 ; m. Mary Henry, b. 
1803, d. 1880 at 77. 
URJE (GeoboeI ; on West Jersey Soc. Tds, 1735, m. Anna Eva, and had ch. : 
I. GEORGE, bap. Readington, 1731, Mar. 28. 
II. PETER (perh. s. of Uriel, m. Elisabeth, and had ch. : 
(I). Eva, b. 1779, Sept. 25. 
(II). Jacob, b. 1781, Nov. 29. 
(UI). Peter, b. 1791, Sept. 7. 
(IV). Helena, b. 1794, June 8. 
(V). Maria, b. 1800, March 24. 
PHILIP, "Sen." b. 1715, April 24, d. 1788, Oct. 24, m. Eva Christina Sharp, b. 1713, 
d. 1792, Feb. 12 at 79 : his will, dated 1776, prob. 1791, May 11, names five chil- 
dren and refers to others : 
m. EVA. 
IV. ANNA, m. Morris Alpaugh prob. of Upper German Valley. 

V. ELISABETH, m. John . 

VL WILLLAM, (perhaps s. of Philip), m. Catherine : had ch. (order uncertaini : 
(D. Morris, m. Hannah Bush idau. of Ephraim); had ch. : 

1. Margaret, b. 1800, m. Peter Souers. 

2. William M.. m. Mary Crater (dau. of Morris), b. 1805. July 9 : 

had ch. : 1 1) . Morris, m. Charity Philhower (dau. of Peter) ; lived 
at Cokesbury ; (2). Catherine M., m. George W. Bunn is. Jacob) ; 
lived at Parker, Morris Co.; (3). John, died young; (4). Philip, 
died young ; (5). Hannah, m. Richard Hellebrant (s. of Jacob) ; 
at Bartley , Morris Co. ; (6) . Damd, died young ; (7) . George, died 
young ; (8). William, m. Rebecca Smith (dau. of John): at Mt. 
Salem, Hunterdon Co. ; (9) . Mary Ann, m. Isaac Hoffman is. of 
Jacob) . 

3. Peter, m. Mary Ann Eick (dau. of John); had ch.*: (1). John, 

unmarried ; (2). Mariah, m. first, George Drake ; second, Cor- 
nelius Byram ; (3). Harvey, m. Eliza Ann Yawger ; (4). Cath- 
erine, and (5), Margaret, unmarried ; (6). Isaac, went West ; (7). 
Philip G., m. Mary Elisabeth Sutton (dau. of George B.) ; (8). 
Jennie, m. Peter D. Sutphen. 

4. Ephraim, m. Anna Rowe (dau. of Jacob) ; res. at Flemington. 
(II). George, m. Polly Tiger. 

(III). William. 

(TV). Catherine, m. James Beatty. 
(V). Annie, b. 1770, April 28. 

35° Early Germans of New Tersev 

(VI). Elisabeth, t>. 1772, Aug, 23. 
(VII). Effie, b. 1777, Sept. 23. 
VII. PHILIP, (prob. 6. of Philip), m. Lena, b. 1754, Mar. 24, d. 1798, Nov. 1 ;. 
had eh. : 

(I). Eva, b. 1772, Oct. 22. 

(II). John, m. Mary Wyckoff (dau. of John, prob. b. 1747, July 19, d. 1800, 
Aug. 2 ; and his wife Alice, b. 1746, Sept. 1, d. 1814, May 1), will 
dated, Franklin twp., Somerset Co., 1824, Jan. 5, prob. 1827, Feb. 
9, names father-in-law, John Wyckoff, and the four eldest children r 

1. Louisa F. 

2. William G., b. 1811, d. 1847, April 15, m first, , b. 1808. June 

5, d. 1839, Nov. 5 ; second, Mary, b. 1815. May 17, d. 1842, Sept. 22. 

3. Mart Ann, m. Peter Eick (s. of Morris). 

4. Philip L. 
(III). Garret. 

VIII. CASPER (perh. s. of Philip), m. Ebigin ; will prob. 1812, Jan. 25, names ch. : 
(1). Elisabeth, pern. b. 1769, Oct. 20, m. Jacob Walters. 
(II). Elenor. b. 1754, Nov. 24, d. 1835, Aug. 21, m. Ezekiel Ayres (s. of 
Ezekiel) . 
(HI). Eva, m. William Headen. 
Miscellaneous — Hendkick Eyck arrives at New York in ship Bontakoe 
(Spotted Cow), April, 1660. He may be the ancestor of the above family. 


ANDRIES supposed to be the first of the name in this country ; is inhabitant of 
Gravesend, L. I., 1661 ; prob. had cb. : 
I HENDRICK ; res. at Six Mile Run, Somerset Co., N. J., 1703. 
H. ABRAHAM ; res. in Monmouth Co., 1716. 
HI. JOHN ; res. Gravesend, 1683 ; prob. had son : 

(I). John, of New Brunswick, 1717 ; prob. m Rachel and had son : 
1. Nicholas, bap. Readington, 3 Dec, 1721. 
IV. BENJAMIN, of Six Mile Run in 1717 ; on tax list, 1738, of Franklin twp., 
Somerset Co. 
NICHOLAS, voter of Readington, 1738, m. Ceitzen and had ch. bap. at Readington : 
I. REBECCA, bap. 16 May, 1725. 

II. ABRAHAM, bap. 3 Sept., 1727 ; perh. m. Margrietje Schenck, and had 
ch. bap. at Readington : 
(I). Neeltje, bap. 8 April, 1751. 
(II). Nicholas, bap. 1 Oct., 1752. 
(ni). Anne, bap. 10 Oct., 1754. 
(IV). Saabtje, bap. 15 Aug., 1756. 
III. NEELTJE, bap. 18 May, 1732. 
JAN (John), (perh. a bro. of Nicholas), m. Theuntje and had ch. bap. at Readington: 
I. JAN, bap. 31 Jan., 1731. 
II. ANNA, bap. 7 Jan., 1733. 

III. JACOBUS, bap. 26 Oct., 1735. 

IV. SARA, bap. 4 June, 1741. 

V. ABRAHAM, bap. 29 Jan., 1743. 
VI. JACOB, bap. 23 March 1746. 
NICHOLAS [perhaps the son of Abraham and Margrietje, and b. 1 Oct., 1752], m. 

Emmons — Engell — Eoff 351 

Eanny ; owned large tract of land at Hacklebarney, Chester twp., Morris Co, ; 
had ch. : 

I. ISAAC, m. Shangle ; rem. to the " Lake Country," N. Y. 

II. ELIZA, m. Samuel J. Yliet. 

III. MARGARET, m. Joseph Wortman. 

IV. SALLIE, m. Nicholas Corwin. 

V. KATIE, m. Nathaniel Skinner. 
VI. HARRIET, m. in Warren Co. 

VTL JEREMIAH, m. Sallie ; res. at Mendham. 
IX. ABRAHAM, m. Hannah Durling (Dorland), dau. of Peter. 
Miscellaneous— NICHOLAS, of "Walpack ; his will. May IS, prob. June 18, 
1791, names wife Catrene and ch. : John, Alexander, Sarah, Catrena, Elisabeth, 
Lena, Daniel. ABRAHAM, m. Marregrieta and had ch., bap. at Readington, 5 
April. 1759, Catrena. AN DRIES, m. Saartje [Sarah] Van Duyne and had ch. bap. 
at Readington, Anna, bap. 16 Sept., 1753 ; Cathrya, bap. 22 Feb., 1756. 


JOHANNES ENGEL, [or Anuel], b. 1679 ; came to New Amsterdam in the 
" Second Emigration," 1710, by the help of Queen Anne ; prob. had ch. at least: 
L JOHN JACOB, naturalized by act of Assembly, July, 1730, m. Elisabeth ; 
had ch. at least : 

(I). JOHN, b. 29 Aug., 1731, bap. at " Raghaway [Rockaway], on the 
Raritans," by Lutheran Minister of N. Y., 12 Sept., 1731, at 14 
days old. 

II. WILLIAM, prob. bro. of John Jacob, naturalized by act of Assembly, 

July, 1730. 


JACOB EOFF, Sen., perh. a son of the widow, Magdalena Off, of the 2d Emigra- 
tion, 1710 ; in N. V. 1710 at age 32 ; bought 432 acres, including the site of 
Pluckamin, from the Johnstone, 1742, built and kept an inn, " afterwards kept 
by his maiden sister, Sarah, then by Jacob's son Christian" ; signs with Jacob 
Jr., subscription to Pluckamin Luth. Ch., 1756 : also signs Articles of Faith of 
Luth. Ch. of New Germantown, 13 May, 1767 ; his will, " Somerset Co." 12 
Aug., 1772, prob. 10 Sept.. 1780, names wife Mary and ch.: 
I. JOHN, dec. at date of father's will who names his two small ch. : 
(I). Jacob. 
(H). John. 
H. PETER, "innholder;" prob. m. Elisabeth and gave mortgage 3 June, 
1767, to Bryan Lefferty on house in which Peter lived. 


IV. JACOB, bap. (Somerville records), 13 Jan., 1728. 
V. ABRAHAM, bap. (Som. records), 25 Oct., 1730. 

VI. ROBERT, bap. (Som. records), 24 May, 1741 ; his will dated Somerset Co., 

1813, prob. 1814, names wife Rachel, but no children. 
VII. CORNELLS, bap. (Som. records), 18 Dec, 1743. 
VIII. CHRISTIAN, kept inn at Pluckamin. 
IX. MARY MAGDALEN, " called Lentey." 

352 Early Germans of New Jersey 


THOMAS, b. 1720, d. 1794 at 74 ; bought large amount of land in Chester twp. r 
Morris Co. , including the site of Chester Village ; came originally from border 
between France and Germany ; no other family of the name has been met with ; 
married first, Elisabeth Trimmer (dau. of Anthony, 1st, who first owned 
the present Hager farm in German Valley and d. 1754), b. 1723, d. 1781 at 58 ; 
appointed guardian, 1 Nov., 1770. of Anthony Trimmer, the son of Anthony ; 
m. second, a Morehouse, of Hanover twp. ; had ch. : 
I. ISAIAH, m. first, Mehitable Swayze (dau. of Caleb) ; second, Meritie 
King ; third, Sophia Hugg ; had 21 ch., 11 by 1st w., 2 by 2d, and 7 by 3d: 
(I). Elisabeth, b. 1790, m. Dr. Beavers, of Warren Co. 
(II). Ruth, b. 1792, m. Zephaniah Drake (s. Jacob and Phebe McCurry). 
(III). Mehitable, b 1794, m. first, Stephen Brown, of New York ; second, 

Israel Lum. storekeeper in Chester. 
(TV). Ltdia, b. 1790, m a Swazy of upper New York State, and rem. to 

(V). Thomas, b. 179S, m. Temperance Emmons (dau. of Abraham) rem. 
to Illinois ; had ch. at least : 1. Ann ; 2. Mehitable ; 3. Isaiah ; 4. 
Elisabeth, and others. 
(VI). Caleb: b. 10 July, 1800, d. 4 March, 1880. m. Elisabeth Overton (dau. 
of Rev. Stephen) ; had ch. : 1. Theodore Stephen, died young : 2. 
Sarah Loui'e, died young ; 3. Paul Trimmer, died young ; 4. 
Charles Marshall, res. at Newark, unm. ; 5. Catherine Matilda, m. 
Augustus Cutler (s. of Silas) ; 6. Sarah, m. Samuel Thomson Bray, 
of Clinton ; now res. at Newark. 
(VII). Isaiah, b. 1802, m. twice in Indiana. 

(VIII). Mary Ann, b. 1804, m. first, Robert Lindsley, of Morristown ; second, 
William Lindsley, of the same place. 
(IX). Paul Trimmer, b. 1806, m. first, Martha Axford, of Warren Co.; 

second, the Widow Brown, of Belvidere ; had one dau., who died. 
(X). Benjamin, born 1808, died young. 
(XI). Infant, who died. 
(XII). Theodore Wilson, by second wife. 
(XIII). Infant, who died. 
(XTVi. Charles, first child by third wife. 
(XV). Melissa. 
(XVI). Harriet. 
(XVII). Caroline. 

(XVIII) and (XIX). George, one of twins, the other of whom died. 
(XX) and (XXI). died in infancy. 
H. ELISABETH (?), married Rev. Lemuel Fordham. 

III. JOHANNA, m. Caleb Dickerson (s. of Philemon and Johanna Swazey). 


V. A daughter, who married an Esta. 


The name FARLET or FAERLY first occurs in New Jersey in the history of 
the Presbyterian Church of Ewing or Trenton. In 1709, March 6, Alexander Lock- 
hart gave a deed for a burial place and the site of a church to trustees, among 

Farley 353 

whom were GEORGE and CALEB FARLEY. These names next occur on the 
records of the First Reformed Dutch Church of Somerville, X. J. From these 
records it would appear that George and Caleb were children of CALEB. 

As the majority of the settlers of Ewing came from Long Island and New Eng- 
land, it may be that this family also came from Massachusetts and were supposed 
to be of German origin, only because they married into families of German descent. 
GEORGE FARLEY (or Farlo), of Woburn, Mass., married first, 9 April, 1641, 
Christian Births, who prob. died soon after ; he was a petitioner with many 
others, in 1655, for religious liberty ; removed to Billerica before 1655, m. sec- 
ond, 9 Feb., 1643, Beatrice ; had children : James, b. 23 Nov., 1643 ; Caleb, b. 
1 April, 1645 ; Mary, b. 27 Feb., 1647. 
CALEB, 1st, prob. 2d son of George, of Billerica ; res. at Billerica, Mass. ; had at 
least two children : Ebenezer. b. 3 April, 1674 and George, b. 30 July, 1677, 
both of whom are born at Woburn. He rem. with part of his family to Rox- 
bury, Mass., where he died 16 March, 1712. His wife, Lydia, died 19 Nov., 
[CALEB, 2d (?) prob. s. of Caleb, 1st, and father of George and Caleb, on Som- 
erville records]. GEORGE, perh. s. of Caleb 2d, m. Femmitie and had at least 
one child, Kelp [Caleb], bap. 4 April, 1719. 
CALEB, 3d, prob. the 2d s. of Caleb 2d, m. Margrietje ; had ch.: CALEPH 
[CALEB], m. Febe [Phebe] and had at least, Margrieta, bap. 2 Nov,, 1738 ; 
Willem, bap. 6 Sept., 1743 ; Vebe [Phebe], bap. 28 April, 1754 ; MEINDERT. 
MEINDERT (prob. s. of Caleb, 3d), bap. 17 Sept., 1720 (Somerville records) ; m. 
Barbara Van Dieren, a woman of notable piety who died in the year 1S08. His 
will (Trenton, Liber 30. fol. 289), dated 1 March, prob. 6 April, 1790, names w. 
Barbara and Ave children : Caleb, John, Isaac, Joshua and Mary. He 
bought 200 acres where Oliver Farley lives in Tewkesbury twp. , Hunterdon Co. , 
N. J., then moved to Lamington on the old Todd place. 

I. CALEB, m. Gertrude, and had at least one child, Elisabeth, b. 25 March, 
1783. He lived in Northumberland Co., Pa., and Nov. 11, 1809, appoints 
John Farley, his attorney. 
II. JOHN, m. 13 Feb. 1776, first, Mary Klein (dau. of Jacob), b. 15 Feb., 1763; 
second, a Sunderland ; third, Elisabeth Heaton (dau. of Jabesh), d. 1847. 
He lived at Flanders, N. J., until his children were all born, then moved 
to Mountainsville, and afterwards returned to Flanders ; died in Penn. 
while making arrangements to move his family thither and it was a long 
time before his wife knew of his death ; had nine children, four by his 
first wife and five by his third : 
(I). Jacob, b. 30 March, 1777. 
(II). Barbara, b. 13 Feb., 1779. 
(III). Meinhard, b. 26 March, 1781. 
(IV). Aaron, b. 3 Sept., 1789. 
(V). Andrew A., b. 1804, m. Jane Bale ; had six girls and six boys. 
(VI). Samuel Sunderland, b. 1804, twin brother of Andrew A. ; unm. 
(VLI). Eliza, b. 1808 ; unm. 

(VLH1. Sarah A., b. 1811, m. Geo. P. Rose ; had eleven children. 
(IX). Harriet, b. 1813, m. George Stover ; had three children. 
HI. ISAAC, lived near New Germantown, N. J. : died about 1814, m. Anna 
Melick (dau. of Tunis and Eleanor Van Horn), 2 Dec., 1779 ; she died 
about 1831 ; had children (order uncertain I : 

354 Early Germans of New Jersey 

(I). Anthony, b. 7 Sept., 1780, d. 8 April, 1840, m. Elisabeth Sutton (dau. 
of Richard of Tewkesbury twp) : their ten children : 

1. Richard S., b. 1802, d. 1881, m. Margaret (dau. of Herbert Apgar) ; 

had ten children. 

2. Isaac, died unmarried. 

3. Eliza, m. Samuel Crooks and had two children. 

4. Mercy, m. first, a Johnson ; second, John Ryan. 

5. Mart Ann, had three husbands. 

6. Althea, m. John Force, of Rochester, N. Y. 

7. Ellen, res. Philadelphia, m. James Buist, and has four children. 

8. Frances, m. 'William Benjamin. 

9. Anthony, res. Scotch Plains, N. J., m. first, Harriet Lyons ; 

second, Mary Roll. 

10. Margaret, res. Plainfield, N. J., m. first, John Meeker ; second, 

Charles Coultier. (Story of An Old Farm, p. 683). 

(11). Minard, b. in 1782, d. in 1843, m. Mary Frazer. b. in 1783, d. in 1849, 

rem. 1828 to New York State, and four years later rem. to South 

Lyons, Washtenaw Co., Michigan, where he died ; had 9 children : 

1. Isaac, b. 1803, died in infancy. 

2. David, b. 1805, d. 188s, in. Rosina Blackmar, and had 4 children 

3. William, of Albion, Michigan, b. 1807, d. 1872, m. Sally Ann 

Ostrom, and had 4 children. 

4. Sarah F., b. 1809, d. 1852, m. Lemuelle Droelle, and had 2 daus. 

5. Isabel, b. 1812, m. Eli Smith, res. Salem, Michigan, has 2 ch. 

6. Eleanor, b. 1814, d. 188*2, unmarried 

7. Archibald, b. 1816 (dec). 

8. Anthony M., b. 19 May, 1817, d. 1882, m. Rosina Packard, and had 

three sons. 

9. Manning F., b. 1820. 

(HI). William, dec, m. first, a Penn. Quakeress, by whom one son Wil- 
liam, a Phila. physician ; m. second, Anne Garretson of New 
Germantown, N. J., by whom several children. 
(TV). Barbara, m. Minard Pickle, of White House, N. J., dec; rem. to 
Ohio, thence to Indiana. 
(V). Margaret W., b. 27 Dec, 1792, d. 17 Nov., 1860, m. Joseph Stevens, 

b. 1792, d. 1864; had ten children. 
(VI). Catherine, m. Jacob Hoffman, of Lebanon, had, 1. Angeline Hoff- 
man, b. 1825, d. 1847, m. Will S. Burrell, no children ; 2. Hannah 
Hoffman, m. Stephen Jorolamen, of Somerville, had four children. 
(VII). Eleanor, m. Aaron Smock, and rem. to Ohio. 

(VHI). Eliza, b. 1800, m, Robert Blair, had three children : 1. William 
Blair; 2. Lydia Blair; 3. Ellen Blair , res. Chicago, HI., m. Mar- 
tin Hoagland, and has three children. 
(IS). Mary Ann, b. 1802, d. 1887, m. first, Jacob Apgar, b. 1802, d. 1850, by 
whom four children ; second, Charles Woolverton, of Tewkesbury 
twp., Hunterdon Co., N. J. 
(X). Charles, died in youth. 
(XI). Anna, died in youth. 
IV. MTNDURT, m. first, Mary Catherine ("Treenie") Melick (dau. Tunis and 
Eleanor Van Horn), b. 15 Feb., 1763, d. 13 March, 1832, had 3 children ; 

Farley 355 

second, Esther M. by whom no children. Had children : 
(I). Barbara, b. 22 Dec, 1783, d. 17 Dec.. Is51, ra. Archibald Kennedy, 
b. 1787, d. 1857, their two children : 

1. Mart Kennedy, b. 1806, d. 1833, m. Daniel K. Reading, of Flem- 

ington, N. J. , had one son dec. 

2. Catherine Kennedy, b. 1813, d. 1838, m. Rev. George F. Brown. 

of N. J. M. E. Conference, and had one son dec. 
(II). Anthony II., b. 1789, d. 1851, m. first, Keturah McCullough (dau. of 
Col. William of Asbury, N. J.) by whom five children ; second, 
Sarah E. (dau. of Judge Miller, of Ithaca, N. Y.) by whom 4 ch. : 

1. William M., died in infancy. 

2. Catherine, nied in infancy. 

3. Mtnard, res. N. Y. City, unmarried. 

4. William, res. New Germantown, X. J., unmarried. 

5. Elisabeth, res. Pelhamville. N. J., m. George M. Galliard, and 

has three children. 

6. Sarah H., m. Lyman Crego. 

7. Margaret E., m. Faith Williams. 
8 and 9. Two sons, died young. 

(III). Francis Asbuby, M. D., b. 17 April, 1807, d. 18 Sept., 1880, m. 19 
Jan., 1873 (at the age of 65), Calvina (aged 14) dau. of Christopher 
H. Hageman, of Pottersville, N. J. ; no children. 
V. MARGARET, m. 3 Feb., 1782, Abraham Pickel. 
VI. JOSHUA, b. 1769, d. 29 Dec., 1850 at the age of 81 years, 2 months and 9 
days, m. Hannah Sutton (dau. of Aaronl, b. 16 Feb., 1775, d. 17 Dec., 
1822, at the age of 47 years, 10 months and 1 day ; had children : 
(I). Aaron S., b. 1795, July 8, d. 9 Feb., 1825. 

ill). Mindurt, m. Providence Abel (dau. of Jacob and Charity Pickel) ; 
had ch. : 

1. Mary, m. first, Will Johnson ; second, Simon Fisher. 

2. Joshua, m. Rachel Philhower (dau. of Aaron) , the parents of Mrs. 

Henry Todd, of German Valley, X. J. 

3. Hpldah, m. Elijah Swarts, of Illinois. 

4. Charlotte, m. George Hoffman (s. of Peter F.). 

5. George, m. Mary Ann Eick (dau. Jacob and Elisabeth Alpaughi. 

6. Harry, of Philadelphia, unmarried. 

7. Hannah, m. John M. Apgar (s. of Herbert). 

8. Aahon, m. Huldah Apgar (dau. of Matthias, s. of Jacob). 

(III). Oliver W., b. Nov. 10, 1813, d. 26 Nov., 1890, m. 1, Anna Apgar (dau. 
of Nicholas) ; 2d ; had children by first wife : 

1 . Hannah, m. Henry F. Apgar (s. of William) ; res. Flemington. 

2. Jemima D., m. William C. Apgar (s. of William C). 

3. A aron, m. Anna Rockef ellow. 

4. Joseph C, the widely known merchant of Mountainville, who is 

also a most skillful auctioneer, and frequently called upon to set- 
tle up estates, m. Catherine A. Apgar (dau. of David F.). 

5. Frances Ann, d. at 11 ; and, 6, Mary L., d. at 3. 

7. Oliver Amandus, m. Angeline Potter (dau. of Jacob M.). 

8. Francis A., m. Marietta Crater (dau. of Jacob K.). 

9. William A., m Emma Waldron (dau. of Henry). 

356 Early Germans of New Jersey 

(TV). Mercy, b. 1799, d. 1847 at 48 years of age, m. Charles Woolverton. 
(V). Elisabeth, m. William Woolverton. 
(VI). Hannah, m. David Ulp. 
(VII). Hr/LDAH, m. Samuel I. Houseworth. 
(VIII). Mary, m. John Woolverton. 
(IX). Charlotte, m. Jesse Reed. 
(X). Barbara, m. Richard Woolverton. All the preceding six daughters 

of Joshua removed to Pennsylvania. 
(XI). Marquise de Lafayette, m. Jane McOatherine. 
(XII). Isaac N., m. Catherine Swazey. 
(XIII). Theodore F., m. twice, the first time a Wean. 
(XIV). Emaline, m. a Hagamen. 
(XV). Elsie Jane, m. a Harzel. 
(XVI). Harriet, m. Silas Hockenburry (s. of Joseph). 
(XVII). Lydia, m. James Brown (s. of John). 
VII. MARY, m Conrad Apgar ("Tanner Coon," s. of John Adam, 1st); she 
died Feb., 1808. 


JOHN FARROW, of Hingham, Mass., came from Hingham, Eng., in 1635, with 

wife, Francis, and one chUd, Ma y [id. 7 July, 1687], had ch. : 1. Mary, m. 

first, 25 Oct., 1649 (?), Stowell ; second, 10 April, 1689, Joshua Beal ; 2. John, 

b. 6 June, 1639 ; 3. Remember, bap. Aug., 1642, m. 1 Feb., 1660, Henry Ward ; 

4. Hannah, b. 9 April, 1648, m. 6 June, 1674, Nathaniel Folsom ; 5. Nathan, b. 

17 Sept., 1654. 
JOHN, 2d (s. of John), b. 6 June, 1639, m. first, Hilliard; second. 16 Nov., 1691, 

; had ch.: 1. Mary, b. 25 Oct., 1665 ; 2. Hannah, b. 8 Dec, 1667 ; 3. 

Abigail, b. 27 Jan., 1670 ; 4. John, b. 8 Dec, 1672 ; 5. Esther, b. 28 June, 1675 ; 

6. William, b. 17 Nov., 1677 ; 7. Friscilla, b. 1679 ; 8. Remember, b. 3 Feb., 

1682 ; 9. Sarah, b. 29 Aug., 1685. 
NATHAN, (bro. of John, 2d), b. 17 Sept., 1657 ; m. first, Mary Garnett, d. 27 Feb., 

1710 ; second, Joanna May (dau. of Samuel and widow of Francis Gardner, and 

afterwards of Thomas Whiton), d. 18 Oct., 1715 ; had ch.: 1. Francis, b. 16 

Dec, 1684 ; 2. Christian, b. 13 Oct., 1686 ; 3. Jonathan, b. 20 June, 1689 ; 4. 

Benjamin, b. 1692 ; 5. Nathan, b. 29 April, 1695. 
GEORGE, of Ipswich, Mass., in 1637, m. 16 Feb., 1644, Ann Whitmore (prob. 

dau. of John) ; had ch.: 1. Mary, b. 6 Jan.. 1645 ; 2. Martha, b. 25 Feb., 1647 ; 

3. George, b. 9 May, 1653. 
WILLI A.M FARROW (perhaps a grandson of one of the last generation of the 

preceding), of twp. Egg Harbor, Burlington Co., N. J., in his will, dated 7 May, 

1788, prob. 9 Sept. 1795, names w., Margaret, and children : 
I. SARAH, m. Moses Robins. 
II. MARTHA, m. Solomon Leeds. 

III. ANN, unmarried. 

IV. MARGARET, unmarried. 

[" Capt."?] JAMES FARRAR (perhaps a nephew of William), owned a lot in Flem- 
ington as early as 1775 ; m. Margaret, and had his first child, Delia, bap. by the 
Episcopal Minister of Bethlehem twp. 17 May, 1772. Farrar is probably the 
same as Farrow. Some members of this family removed with the Swayzys 

Farrow 357 

and others to Western Florida (now Mississippi) in 1772, and others removed 
to Shamokin, Perm 
MOSES FARROW (a grandson of Capt. James Farrow), b. Bethlehem, X. J., 
engaged in his early days in a drug store in New York ; rem. to Bethlehem, 
Hunterdon Co., N. J., whee he spent the balance of his life in the drug busi- 
ness, being also a manufactuer of medicines ; b. 9 March, 1809, d. 1 Aug., 1891, 
aged 82 yrs., 4 mos. and 22 days ; m. first, 15 Nov. 1834. Caroline Smith (dau. 
of Joseph Smith and Ann Elisabeth Andres), b. 16 Nov , 1818, d. 7 Sept., 1850, 
aged 31 yrs., 9 mos. and 21 days ; second, 12 Aug. 1852, Rebecca Bass (born a 
Smith, half sister of his first wife, and widow of Charles Bass), b. 22 Dec., 
18 25, d. 15 Dec., 1873, aged 67 yrs., 11 mos. and 24 days. Dr. Moses Farrow's 
mother. Catherine, was b. 3 Sept., 1785, d. I Jan., 1836. M. Farrow had ch.: 
I. ANN ELISABETH, b. 8 Jan., 1836, d. 23 April, 1852, aged 16 years. 
II. WILLIAM BURGER, a farmer, res. at West Portal, N. J., b. 22 Sept., 
1 837, m. Elisabeth Williamson ; has one child, a daughter. 

III. CLARKSON, a druggist, res. at West Portal. N. J., b. 24 April, 1839, m. 

Alice Housel. 

IV. CATHERINE, b. 20, Nov. 1840, m. 8 Dec., 1860, T. B. Lake, resides at 

Belvidere, N. J. 
V. SARAH JANE, b. 25 Sept. 1842, d. 15 June, 1857, aged 14 years. 
VI. LEVI, M. D., read medicine with Dr. John Blane at Perryville, N. J. ; 
graduated from the Medical department of Columbia College, March, 
1865 ; practised one year with Dr. John Blane ; began practice 5 Feb. , 
1866, at Middle Valley, Morris Co., N. J., where he now resides. He is a 
member of the Morris County Medical Society ; has been its secretary 
since 1886. and its president since 1891. Dr. Farrow began his work in this 
vicinity at an early period of his life (at 22), with his youth and youthful 
appearance against him, but rapidly grew into the confidence and esteem 
of the community. At the very beginning of his course he took a very 
active interest in the work of the Presbyterian Church of (ierman 
Valley. Notwithstanding the claims of a growing practice, he has 
always been one of the most regular attendants upon Church service. 
sometimes beginning his visits upon the sick at 6 o'clock on Sabbath 
morning, in order to have time for attendance at morning service. He 
was elected and ordained a ruling elder of the above church 26 May, 
1872, and has been ever since most active and influential in that im- 
portant position. His marked characteristics as a physician are faith- 
fulness, promptitude, cheerfulness and honesty ; and in other relation- 
ships, his enterprise, generosity, sound judgment and energy are in 
continual demand, and have helped to make successful more than oue 
movement of public advancement and reform. Dr. Farrow was born 
25 April, 1844, m. 20 Oct., 1869, Alice Trimmer (dau. of Anthony and 
Mary), b. 1850, d. 10 Jan., 1892 ; had ch. : Joseph Rusting Smith Farrow, 
M. D.,b. 2 Oct., 1870 ; graduated from the Long Island College Hospital 
1892 ; res. at German Valley, where he is practising his profession ; 
Frank Pierce Farrow, D.D. S., b. 1 April, 1872 ; graduated from the 
Pennsylvania College of Dental Surgery, 1893, and is now engaged in his 
profession at Washington, Warren Co., N. J.; John Wesley Farrow, b. 
27 Oct., 1873, d. 15 Nov., 1874, aged 1 yr. and 18 days ; LueUa Weise 
Farrow, b. 9 Sept., 1875 ; Charles Alden Farrow, b. 10 Sept., 1881, d. 8 

35S Early Germans of New Jersey 

Dec., 1881, aged 2 mos. and 28 days. 
VII. JOSFPH S., M. D.. b. 20 March, 1846, d. at Flanders, N. J., 1 Sept., 1888, aged 
42 yrs. , 5 mos. and 20 days ; was a practising physician ; graduated from 
the Medical department of the New York University ; m. Elisabeth 
Naughright (dau. of Jacob, of Naughrightville) ; has a son, Jacob Willard, 
a medical student. 
VIII. BARNET A. S., b. 15 June, 1848 ; a traveling salesman ; res. at Glen 
Gardner ; m. Catherine Rounsavel ; four ch. living. 
IX. JAMES RTJSLING, b. 10 Aug., 1850, d. 15 Sept.. 1850, aged 5 weeks and 
1 day. By s, -nnd wife : 
X. EMMA, b. 30 May, 1853, m. 28 Oct., 1874, C. W. Gano; res. at Norton, N. J. ; 

no children. 
XI. ANNA, b. 24 Sept., 1855, d. 19 Dec., 1881 ; res. at Bloomsbury, N. J. ; unm. 
XII. FRANKLIN PIERCE, b. March, 1857, d. 10 Dec., 1881, aged 24 years. 

XIII. MARY, b. 9 Dec., 1859, m. 26 May, 1880, C. W. Vannatta ; res. at Philips- 

burgh, N. J. ; three children living. 

XIV. EDWIN, M. D., b. 2 Nov., 1861 (a twin bro. of Ella), m. 19 March, 1887, 

Grace Hammond ; graduated from College of Physicians and Surgeons, 
New York, has ch., two boys and one girl ; practices medicine at 
Peapack, N. J. 
XV. ELLA, b. 2 Nov., 1861 (twin sister to Edwin), m. F. McCrea, a school- 
teacher (dec. I ; res. at Bloomsbury, N. J. ; has a dau., Florence. 


JOHN, of Greenwich twp., Sussex Co. ; his will, 27 April, 1789, prob. 17 May, 1790, 
names children : 
I. DANIEL "only son." 
n. MARY, dau. of Jacob Minier. 
III. CATHERINE, m. Henry Dislandeed ? [illegible]; had ch.: 
(1). Henry. 
ill.. Elisabeth. 
(III). Mart. 
(TV). Peter. 
Witnesses were Valentine Biddleman, John and Henry Winter. 


DAVID FELMLEY (sometimes spelled Faermly), b. 1756 (?), m. first, , d. 1782; 

second, Sophia Sidells ; he owned about 500 acres, a still works and tannery 
one mile east of Cokesbury ; had ch. : 
I. MARY (only child by the first wife), b. 10 July, 1782. 
H. JACOB, b. 27 June, 1789. 

HJ. MOSES, b. 2 Nov., 1789, d. 16 Nov., 1819, m. Mary Mellick (dau of Peter) 
b. 4 April, 1786, d. 4 Aug., 1868 ; had ch. : 
(I). Da vtd, b. 30 Sept., 1810, m. Sarah Logan (dau. of Major John) ; rem. 

to Illinois. 
(II). Susanna, b. 10 Nov., 1812, m. Morris Welsh (s. of Jacob). 
(III). Peter M., b. 30 Nov., 1814, m. Gertrude Smith (dau. of Zacharias). 
(IV). John S., b. 5. Nov., 1816, m. first, Ann Stothoff (dau. of Henry); 
second, Ellen Voorhees (dau. of Garret) . 
(V). Anthony, b. 29 May, 1818, d. 2 Dec., 1873, m. first, Catherine Van 

Felmley — Fields 359 

Dyke (dau. of John) ; second, Margaret Cortelyou (dau. of Henry) ; 
third, Adeline Park (dau. of James). There were twin children of 
Moses who died young. 
TV. JOHN, b. 9 March, 1792, m. Hannah Adams ; had ch. : 

(I)- John Crawford, m. Lydia Hoffman (dau. of Peter, 1st) ; she m. 2d 
a Tiger, and 3d Nicholas Apgar, 
(II). Moses, m. Mary Ann Fox. 
(III). Catherine, m. Peter Everitt. 
(IV). Sophia, m. Ebbe Tiger ^dau, of Jacob). 
(V). Mart, m. Joseph Biglow. 
V. SARAH, b. 16 April, 1794, m. Jonathan Barkman. 
VL ANDREW, b. 7. Nov., 1796. 

VH. MARGARETTA, b. 31 Dec., 1797, m. John Alpaugh (3. of William*. 
VHI. CATHERINE, b. 2 June, 1800, m. William C. Apgar ("Pony Bill," s. of 
Conrad and Elisabeth Cramer). 
IX. DAVID, b. 29 Oct., 1805, lived in the old parsonage, m. first, Wyckotf ; sec- 
ond, a Line ; third, Mrs. Ginthro (born a Stillwell) ; had ch.: 
(I). Peter Wyckoff. m. Margaret Condit. 
(H). Pohlman, :ii. Kate Honeyman. 
(III). Emaline, m. Cornelius Voorhees. 
(IV). Margaret, m. Edward Barry. 
X. SOPHIA ANN, b. 7 Sept., 1809, m. George PhUhower (s. of Peter); lives 

near Irvington, N. J. 
XI. JAMES PARKER, b. 12 Aug., 1812, went West. 

XIL WILLIAM, m. Ruth Apgar (dau. Herbert), went West; had at least 
Herbert, John and David. 


JOHN, b. 1659, was a grandson of ROBERT, b. 1610, who is supposed to have 

come to Rhode Island with Roger Williams. In 1645, Robert Field, with 

fifteen associates, obtained from Governor Kiett, a large area of land in Long 

Island, including the site of Flushing. John, of New Jersey, was the fifth in 

descent from the famous astronomer, JOHN, b. 1525. who introduced the 

Copernican system of astronomy into England. For this he received a patent 

of nobility. The family trace their descent from Hubertas de la Feld (i. e.. 

Field, cleared land in distinction from the forest) , who held lands in Lancaster 

Co., England, in the third year of William the Conqueror [1069 (] John bought. 

14 Dec. 1695, 1055 acres in Somerset Co., commencing one mile below Bound 

Brook, extending for two and one-half miles along the Kan tan. and one and 

and one-half mil es inland (Story of an Old Farm, p. 177) ; prob. had ch. at 

least : 

I. JEREMIAS, m. Mareitje Van Vechten (dau. of Michael 1st. and widow 

of Albert Ten Eyck), b. 8 Oct., 1687 ; had ch. (all but first two on Somer- 

ville Church Records) : 

(I). Jeremiah, b. (or bap.) 1713 ; prob. m. Femmetje, and had ch., 

Theunis, bap. 30 April, 1740. 
(II). John, b. (or bap.) 1714 ; prob. m. Elisabeth, and had ch., Mary, bap. 

7 Sept., 1745. 
(III). Michiell, bap. 22 Aug., 1716. 
(IV). Margrietien, bap. 15 Oct., 1717. 

360 Early Germans of New Jerset 

(V). Marytie, bap. 13 Oct., 1719. 
(VI). Mama, bap. 10 Dec., 1720. 
(VII). Michael, bap. 17 March, 1723. 
(VIII ; . Benjamin, bap. 12 May, 1725. 
(IX). Dirck [Richard], bap. 11 Dec., 1726 ; prob. had ch. at least : 

1. Jeremiah, b. 1753 ; bought 103 acres in Bedminster twp. from 
Daniel Heath, 6 Feb., 1790 ; m. Jane Ten Eyck (dau. of Captain 
Jacob) ; had ch.: 

(1). Richard J., b. 12 Sept., 1785, d. 6 May, 1871 ; m., 22 Dec., 
1808, Mary Kline (dan. of Jacob), b. 17 April, 1791, d. 15 Jan. T 
1869 : had ch. {Story of an Old Farm, p. 651) : (a) . Jeremiah 
R., b. 16 Dec., 1809, d. 2 Feb., 1856, m. Margaret W. Telfair, 
of New York ; (b). Phebe Maria, b. 18 Nov., 1811, d. 8 March, 
1889, m. Henry Cornell Brokaw ; (c). Jacob K., b. 31 Jan.. 
1814, m. Rebecca J. Stewart . (rf). Jane,b. 16 March, 1X16, d. 
16 Dec., 1857, m. Henry H. Garreteon ; (c), Richard R., b. 8 
March, 1818, m. his cousin, Margaretta Miller (dau of Jacob 
B.. of Morris Co., N. J.); (/). Benjamin M., b. 1 May, 1820, 
m. Helen M. Field (dau. of John D.) ; (g\. Rachel D., b. 5 
June, 1823, d. 12 May, 18 1, m. James Polhemus ; (h). John 
K.. b. 27 Dec, 1825, m. Lueinda Whitehill ; (1). Isaac N., b. 
4 May, 1828, m. MaryDutcher (daughter of Jacob C); (J), 
Peter, b. 17 Nov., 1830, m. Helen C. Shipman (dau. of 
Chauncey N.) ; (k). William B., b. 16 Sept., 1834, m. Harriet 
E. Boyd. 
(2). Michael T., b. 4 Oct., 1789, d. 1 Aug., 1871 ; res. at White 
House, m. Fanny Traphagen (dau. of Roelof) ; had ch. : (a). 
Jeremiah, m. Mary A. Welsh (dau. of William and Marga- 
ret Leek) ; (6). Richard, m. Nancy Aller ; (c). John Depew; 
(d). Michael ; (e). Henry. 
(3). Jeremiah. 
(4). Jacob Depew. 
(5). Margaret. 
(6). Elisabeth. 
(7). Polly. 
(8). Jane. 
(X). Sara, bap. Dec, 1728. 
(XI). Antje, bap 27 Dec, 1730. 


HENDRICK FISHER was born in 1697, according to some historians in Bound 
Brook, N. J., but according to other and more reliable historians his birthplace 
was in the Palatinate, Germany. He came with his father's family to America 
in 1703. His father purchased a house and considerable land of William 
Dockwra this same year, on the south bank of the Raritan River near Bound 
Brook, on the road leading to New Brunswick. The house was built by Dock- 
wra in 1688 and is now occupied by William Voorhees. It was at one time 
owned by Capt. Creighton McCrea, son of the Rev. James McCrea who preached 
in the Presbyterian Church of Bound Brook, and brother to Jennie McCrea 
whose tragic death at Fort Edward during the Revolution is well known. 

Fisher 361 

Hendrick Fisher was a mechanic by trade, but a man of more than ordinary 
intelligence and with a wonderful business capacity. He was held in the high- 
est esteem by his fellow citizens, and held for many years the highest positions 
in the Colony of New Jersey and in the church of which he was a member. He 
united with the Reformed Church, of New Brunswick, in 1721, during the pas- 
torate of Rev. Theodore Frelinghuysen. The next year in 1722 he was elected 
Deacon, and held this office for two terms. In 1727 he was elected Elder, and 
was re-elected for seven different terms. He was a regular attendant on all 
Ecclesiastical conventions, and exerted a great influence in the establishment 
of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church in America. He was appointed 
Catechist and Lay Preacher as an assistant to Rev. Mr. Frelinghuysen. Some 
of his published sermons had a large circulation among the people, and were 
valuable for their doctrinal and spiritual truths. In civil life no man in all 
New Jersey wa6 more influential than Hendrick Fisher. He was elected as a 
member of the Colonial Assembly of New Jersey from Somerset Co. in 1745, 
and was re-elected to every succeeding assembly until 1775. While a member 
of the Assembly, he was chairman of many of the most important committees. 
He never flinched from active duty in whatever form it appeared. He was one 
of the three men whom New Jersey sent to represent her in the congress, called 
by Massachusetts and Rhode Island, to meet in New York on the first Tuesday 
of October, 1765. In January, 1775, he was appointed on a Committee of 
Grievances, of which he was elected chairman. This committee sent to His 
Majesty, King George, a petition asking for a redress of the " grievances under 
which the colonies are now laboring." In May, 1775, he was a delegate to the 
Provincial Congress of New Jersey, which met at Trenton, of which important 
body he was elected chairman. In his opening address he set forth most forci- 
bly the grievances of the American colonies. He was chairman of the Com- 
mittee of Safety which had charge of legislative and executive affairs during 
the recesses of Congress. No man in all the colony was more loyal to the cause 
of American Independence t_ n Hendrick Fisher ; and no one was more 
courageous and uncompromising in seeking to obtain freedom for his country. 
He was intensely hated by his tory neighbors and by the British, so that he was 
always armed to meet their threatened attacks. When the British General 
offered pardon to all the citizens of New Jersey, who would forsake their 
allegiance to the American cause, he made an exception of Hendrick Fisher, 
with three other citizens of Bound Brook. In December, 1776, a foraging party 
from the British army drove away many of his cattle. On April 13, 1777, after 
the first battle of Bound Brook, the victorious British army marching back to 
New Brunswick, stopped at his house and took all the money they could find 
and all the rest of his cattle. Hendrick Fisher did not live to see the full inde- 
pendence of America. He died while the war was still in progress, but with 
unwavering faith in the justice of the cause, and the hope that the States soon 
would enjoy the blessings of peace and prosperity. His body rests in a family 
graveyard on his farm. There in a dense thicket overgrown with trees, stands 
a plain brown upright slab with this simple inscription, " In memory of 
Hendrick Fisher, who departed this life August 16th, 1779, in the eighty-second 
year of his age." In the minutes of the Assembly of New Jersey his name is 
printed Fflsher. In the records of the First Reformed Church, of New Bruns- 
wick, his name, at the time of uniting with the church, is given as Visser. At 
another place his name is given as Vischer. The above has been kindly fur- 

362 Early Germans of New Jersey 

nished by the Rev. Titus E. Davis, of Bound Brook, N. J. Hendrick Fisher 
and wife Elisabeth had children, bap. at Somerville, N. J. : 
I. VOLKERT, bap. 11 Dec., 1726. 
n. MARIA, bap. 14 May, 1729. 

III. NEELTIE, bap. 24 Oct., 1731. 

IV. ABRAHAM, bap. 21 Sept., 1740. 
V. MARGARET, bap. 5 June, 1743. 

VI. HENDRICK, bap. 9 Dec, 1744. 
VTI. JEREMIAS, bap. 1 Sept., 1746; his will, "Somerville," 13 Sept., 1805. 
prob. 27 Feb., 1807, names wife Catherine and ch. : 
(I). Jeremiah. 
(II). Isaac. 
(III). Hendrick.* 
(IV). John. 
(V). Ann. 
(VI). Catharine. 
(VII). Maria. 
Miscellaneous — Hannes [John] Fischer and Maria, have a child Margareta, 
bap. at Quaseek [Quassaick or Newberg], who was born 15 Feb., 1710. 

Fisher or Pottersville. 

GEORGE (or JOHN) came from Germany and settled at Changewater about 1790. 
He had three sons George, John and Christian. The last of these settled in 
Pennsylvania. The records of St. Michael and St. John's Lutheran Church, 
Phila. , state that in December, 1761, Christopher Fisher (named Christian in 
the license) was married to Barbara Omensetter. In the list of emigrants we 
find a Christian arrives 1733, 1749 and 1753 ; a George arrives 1753. In 1787; 
Dec. 31, letters of administration of the estate of Christopher of Hunterdon Co. 
are granted to Mary Fisher and John Lequear (Trenton Lib. 29, fol. 297). 
REV. GEORGE, son of George, came to Tewkesbury twp. 1797. and bought fifty 
acres, where Charles McKagin lived ; he was born May, 1768 and died 14 May, 
1846, m. first, Hannah Hiles (sister to John Pace's wife) ; second, Sarah C. 
Cooper, b. 8 June, 1797, d. 24 Nov., 1868. He had 9 children by each wife : 
I. ANNA MART, b. 27 Nov., 1789, m. Rev. Mr. Lee. 
II. JOHN. b. 50 Mar., 1792, m. (1) Anna Sutton ; (2) Elisabeth Miller ; lived 

in Tewkesbury twp. 
III. ELISABETH, b. 24 March, 1794, m. (1) Andrew Rose, of Newton, N. J., 

(2) a Kishbaw. 
TV. GEORGE, b. 5 Nov., 1796, m. Anna Sutton (dau. of Samuel), b. 24 June, 
1801, d. 21 Dec., 1890 ; res. at Lamington ; had, 
(I). Ellen, m. Will. H. Drake, of Schooley's Mountain. 
(II). Simon V., m. Eliza Ann Drake (dau. of James) ;lives at Hackettstown. 
(III). Henrt,' m. Mary Laquear and settled at Fox Hill. 
(TV). William S., m. Catherine Crater and has Alice, wife of Peter Wil- 
liamson, and Annie ; lives at Naughrightville. 
(V). Deborah P., m. Henry Sovran ; lives at Pottersville. 
V. MARGARET, b. 1 Mar., 1799, m. Rev. Samuel Hull, of Frenchtowu, N. J. 
VI. HENRT, b. 1 Feb., 1801, m. Anna Johnson (dau. of William); settled at 

Sergeants ville, Hunterdon Co., N. J. 
VII. CHRISTIAN, b. 13 Feb., 1803, m. Margaret Groff (dau. of Henry), b. 1809, 

Fisher 363 

d. 1848, at 39 , lives ueax Pottersville, N. J. ; had ch. : 
(P. AMOS, b. 16 Oct., 1832, m. Caroline Vescelius (dau. of John). 
(II). James R., m. Mary A. Rhinehart (dau. of John). 
(III). Wesley R., m. Mary Hoffman (dau. of Peter). 
iIV). Ctbus A., d. 7 Feb., 1877. 
Vm. WILLIAM, b. 15 Oct., 1808, m. Elisabeth Scudder ; settled at New Prov- 
idence, X. J. 
IX. SUSAN, m. Amos Hoagland (s. of William) ; lived four miles below Flem- 

ington ; died at Newark, N. J. 
X. NANCY, (first child by second wife), m. Hezekiah Huff. 
XL CATHERINE, m. Elias Baracroft. 
XII. MANNING, m. Harriet Rittenhouse. 
XTIT. ISAAC, died young. 

XTV. CORNELIA, m. as second wife Elias Baracroft. 
XV. KEZIAH, m. J. Vandervoort Welsh (8. of William). 
XVI. MELV1NA, m. a Skelton in Pa. 
XVII. SARAH, m. Edward Rittenhouse. 
XVIII. HANNAH, d. 1840 at 18. 

Fisher of Mt. Lebanon. 
JOHN, s. of George 1st, and brother of Rev. Georoe, b. 1770, d. 14, Dec., 1855, 
at 85, m. 7 April, 1803, Keziah Leigh, b. 1780, d. 21 Oct., 1855, at 75 ; settled 
near Mt. Lebanon, Lebanon twp., Hunterdon Co., N. J., and was one of the 
founders of the M. E. Church of that place ; had ch. : 
I. SAMUEL LEIGH, b. 38 Mar., 1804, m. Clarissa (or Mary) Bunnel. 
II. ICHABOD, b. 7 Aug., 1805, m. a Gulicks. 
HL MART A, b. 29 Jan., 1807, m. John Fine. 
IV. LYDIA, b. 17 Jan , 1809, unmarried. 
V. DANIEL FREEMAN, b. 22 May, 1810, m. Rachel Taylor. 
VI. ANNA, b. 30 July, 1812, died young. 
VII. JOHN W., b. 18 July, 1813, die-i young. 

VIII. LORENZO, b. 18 Oct.. 1814, m. Mary Jane Swazey (dau. of Benjaminl. 
IX ELISABETH, b. 22 Oct., 1816, m. George Beatty. 
X and XI. TWO SONS, b. 18 Oct., 1818, died young. 
XII. SARA LEIGH, b. 14 Sept., 1819, m. (1) Anthony Drake ; (2) Thos. Lake. 
XHI. KEZIAH, b. 17 Sept., 1821, unmarried. 
XTV. RENZELIA b. 4 July, 1823, m. George Huff. 
JOHANN MARTIN FISHER, widower, was m. 1742. on the 13th Sunday after 
Trinity, to Elisabeth Meyer, a widow ; he " came here four years since from 
Wurtemberg ;" she " came 31£ years since from Zurich." (Records of Lutheran 
Church, New York) . A MARTIN Fisher was naturalized in New Jersey, July, 
1730, with two sons, JACOB and PHILIP. It may have been this latter Mar- 
tin, perhaps the son of the first by a previous wife, who is buried at Hacketts- 
town, and who was born 1714, d. 19 Jan., 1796, at 82 ; his wife Catharine was 
born 1707, d. 30 Sept., 1793, at 86. In 1770, Sept. 20, Martin Fisher, with others, 
was appointed to lay out a road on Schooley's Mountain. Nothing further is 
known of this family. 
JAMES FISHER, b. Staunton, Aug. Co., Virginia, 11 Jan., 1790, came, 1809, to 
Beattystown ; he was a saddler by trade and m. first, Hannah B. Bird (dau. of 
ElishaBird), b. 8 May, 1753 ; second, Rachel Osmun, b. 7 Sept., 1751 ; at some 
time subsequent to 1817, he came to German Valley, and from there went to 

364 Early Germans of New Jersey 

Budd'e Lake, and afterwards lived for six years in N. T. city. In 1831, April 
1, he returned to Beattystown. He was Judge of the Court of Common Pleas 
for five years ; died 12 July, 1870. He was the father of John B., b. Hackette- 
town, 10 July, 1817, m. 7 Feb., 1856, Sarah, dau. of William and Elisabeth 
(Hann) Hance, b. 4 Sept., 1823 ; has ch., James, a lawyer, and Hannah. 


In the old graveyard at Larison's Corners, sleep many of the early Gorman 
settlers of Hunterdon County. Rough, unlettered stones mark their graves, and 
only the stains of time and the covering moss give a clue to the years that have 
passed since they began their silent vigils. 

Among these graves of early worthies, undistinguishable from those of his 
neighbors, is that of Peter Fisher. Whence he came to this country and when, 
we have not been able to determine. We find, however, from old records, that he 
could not have settled in New Jersey later than the year 1725, with the probability 
strongly in favor of his having arrived at a considerably earlier period. 

Tradition has it that he married his wife from the old home in Germany ; but 
aside from the fact that her first name was Maria, we know nothing concerning her. 
Peter Fisher, upon his arrival in this country, settled first in Somerset Co., N. 
J., where he remained until the year 1730 when he purchased a farm about a half 
mile west of what is now Rocktown, in Hunterdon County, which farm is still 
owned by one of his descendants. 

The deed for the premises mentioned bears date March 30th, 1730, and by it, 

Thomas of Township of Amwell, etc., yeoman, on the one part, conveyed to 

Peter Fisher, now or late of the County of Somerset, etc., yeoman, of the other part, 
in consideration of one hundred and thirty-two pounds of lawful silver money of 
the King's Dominions in America, etc., two hundred acres of land besides the usual 
allowance for highways. 

PETER FISHER had eight children, Anthony, John Wilhelm, Elisabeth, Chris- 
topher, John, Peter, Jacob and another daughter, name unknown : 
I. ANTHONY, as appears by the baptismal record of Readington church, 
was baptized Nov. 14, 1725. He married Elisabeth Snyder and settled on 
a farm west of Mount Airy. He had eight children. He died May 31, 
1800, aged 75 years, and is buried in the old grave-yard at Larison's 
Corners : 

(I). John, m. Mary Hoagland and had three sons, John, Tunis and Jos- 
eph. The descendants of these sons are settled in different parts of 
Hunterdon Co., along the Delaware, and Mahlon, son of Joseph, 
near Williamsport, Pa. 
(LT). Christopher, m. Charity Boss and had sis children, Tunis, Joseph, 
Peter, Hannah, Elisabeth and Catharine. The descendants of 
these children have not been satisfactorily traced. 
(HI). Jacob, m. Ann Wilson and had four children : 

1. Wilson, married and went to Sussex Co. 

2. Charity, m. Uriah Phillips. 

3. Abby, m. John Lambert ; she died childless. 

4. Rebecca was born Aug. 4, 1794, and d. Nov. 10, 1873 ; she m. John 

C Holcombe, b. June 9, 1793, d. July 28, 1882 ; they had two ch., 
Louisa and Edwin. 

Fisher 365 

{IV). Tunis, m. first, Sarah Meloby and had by her sti children, George, 
Henry, James, Jacob, Jefferson and Grace ; he m. second, Mary 
Larue, by whom he had a number of children. 
(V). Joseph, m. a Miss Broom and went West. 
(VI) . Mary, m. a Housel who settled somewhere in Pennsylvania. 
(VII). Margaret, m. a Stryker and lived in Baltimore. 
<VIII). Elisabeth, m. George Lot* ; they settled West. 
IL JOHN WILHELM, was bap. April 16, 1727, and m. first. Charity Young 
by whom he had three children ; second, Charity Youngblood by whom 
he had five children ; he settled on a farm near Wertsville : 
(I). Peter, m. Alice Johnson ; he died Oct. 30, 1821, agad 63 yrs., 4 moa., 
21 dys. ; his wife died Jan. 18, 1820, aged 57 yrs., 8 mos., 24 dys. ; had 
six children : 

1. James J., b. June 15, 1784, m. Rebecca Pidcock, d Nov. 1, 1854, 

aged 65 yrs., 8 mos., 18 dys. ; he died childless Oct. 3, 1870. 

2. Elisabeth, b. March y, 1786, m. Mahlon Warnbaugh and had two 

sons, Augustus and Peter F. 

3. Charity, b. Aug. 13, 1788, d. Sept. 27, 1878, unmarried. 

4. Ann, b. Sept. 9, 1790, d. Feb. 27, 1863, unmarried. 

5. Willi Ail P., b. June 6, 1793, d. March 28, 1876, m. Sarah Wilson, 

d. Nov. 19, 1845, aged 43 yrs., 6 mos., S dys. ; they had nine ch. : 

(1). Alice Ann, b. May 18, 1823, m. Isaac Matthews. 

(2). JajiTES J., b. July 2, 1824, m. (1) Mary Higgins, b. Dec. 2, 
1829, d. March 8, 1871 ; by her he had 14 children, Uree, 
Asa H., Martha, Sarah, Mary Ann, Charity, Alice, Wil- 
liam. J., J arAes W., David, Franklin, Rebecca, Susan H. 
and Jesse B. ; m. (2) Sarah E. Sutton, b. Feb. 8, 1835, and 
by her had one child, died in infancy. 

(St. Peter, b. Nov. 15, 1825, m. Ann Holcombe. 

(4). Martha, b. Aug. 11, 1827, m. Jordan Matthews. 

to). John, b. March 25, 1830, m. Martha H. Fisher, b. Oct. 21. 
1837 ; had nine children, Sarah M., Hiram L., Emma IF., 
Thomas S., Mary B., Charles F., William, Nellie S. and 
Kate L. 

(6). Elisabeth, b. Dec. 15, 1830, died in childhood. 

(7). Israel, b. Jan. 11, 1834, in. Mary Quick ; has three children, 
Belle V., Ella and Martha. 

(8). William P., b. Sept. 16, 1837, m. Elisabeth Manners ; had 
three children, Sarah, Carrie and Theodore ; he was killed 
by the cars at White House Station. 

(9). Sakah L., b. March 9, 1844, m Aaron Baracroft. 
6. Cornelius Q., b. May 16, 1799, d. Jan. 8, 1887, m. Gertrude Young, 

b. Jan. 1, 1803, d. May 5, 1883 ; had four children : 

(1). Maria, b. Oct. 14, 1829. 

(2). Cathabine, b. July 11, 1831. 
(3). Harriet, b. Sept. 12, 1835, m. Oliver Case. 
(4). James J., b. Oct. 2, 1840, m. (1) IdaMannera who died child- 
less ; (2) Catharine Skillman ; has five children, H*nry, 
James W. , Gertrude, May and Rena. 
(II). Mart. b. June 22, 1753, d. Dec. 15, 1829, m. Abraham Hagaman, b. 

Early Germans of New Jersey 

Jan. 24, 1751, d. April 19, 1836 ; had seven children : 

1. Charity, b. Nov. 23. 1776, m. Joshua Housel and had five children- 

Abraham, Mary, John, Ollie and Lucretia ; they moved to Pa. 

2. Mary, b. June 6, 1779, d. April 28, 1870, unmarried. 

3. William, b. Aug. 17, 1783, d. May 3, 1863, m. Hannah Phillips, b. 

Jan. 1, 1783, d. May 26, 1879 ; had eleven children : 

(1). Elisabeth, b. Oct. 2, 1807, d. Feb. 29, 1871. 

(2). Charity, b. April 22, 1809, d. April 29, 1878, m. William 

Fleming, b. Jan. 14, 1809, d. Feb. 14, 1873 ; she had 7 ch. 
(3). EzekielP., b. July 7, 1810, m. Elisabeth Duckworth ; had 

twelve children, John, Charles IT., William, Anna M., 

Joseph H., Spencer A., Jennie H., Hattie E., Theodocia, 

Isaac, Sanford and 
(4). Hiram, b. Jan. 15, 1811, d. June 1, 1812. 
(5). Sarah, b. Feb. 27, 1813, d. May 3, 1850, unmarried. 
(6). Mary, b. Nov. 6, 1815. 
(7). Esther, b. Aug. 22, 1817, m. a Bremer. 
(8). Rebecca, b. Dec. 3, 1818, d. April 3, 1837. 
(9). William B., b. Nov. 24, 1820, d. Feb. 5, 1878. 
(10). Abraham R., b. Dec. 26, 1822, d. Nov. 13, 1823. 
(11) . Miranda, b. Nov. 22, 1824, d. in 1828. 

4. Abraham A., b, Jan. 1, 1786, d. Dec. 6, 1868, m. Elisabeth Wilson, 

b. Nov. 10, 1791, d. Dec. 20, 1875 ; had four children : 

(1). Martha Ann, b. Feb. 4, 1815, m. Israel Higgins. 

(2). Lewis, b. Nov. 16, 1817, m. (1) Sarah E. Matthews by whom 
he had two sons ; one that died an infant and Lorenzo D. ; 
he m. (2) Belle Smith ; Lorenzo D., b. Dec. 6, 1857, m. Car- 
rie Rockaf eller. 

(3). Lorenzo, b. Sept. 6, 1821, d. Sept. 23, 1848 

(4). Clarinda, b. Feb. 24, 1822, m. Pierson Matthews, b. April 
8, 1824, d. April 24, 1872. 

5. John, b. March 18, 1790, d. Aug. 2, 1839, m. Catharine Hankinson, 

d. April 23, 1833, aged 38 yrs., 7 mos., 3 dys. ; had ten children : 
(1). Abraham, b. May 18, 1813, m. Sarah Cole and had a son, 

Ross J. 
(2). John H., b. Nov. 15, 1814, m. Sarah Ackers and has two 

daughters, Kate and Lizzie. 
(3). Arthur G., b. Oct. 22, 1816, m. Eliza Olden. 
(4). Joseph H., b. Oct. 25, 1818, m. Mary Ann Olden. 
(5). Nancy C, b. March 20, 1820, m. Joseph Hendrickson. 
(6). Theodocia, b. July 20, 1822, m. Amos Martindale, d. March 

18, 1865, aged 49 yrs., 11 mos., 18 dys. 
(7). Harriet H., b. April 1, 1825, m. Emmon Smith. 
(8). Thomas H., b. March 29, 1827, m. and had two children, 

John E. and Mary Y. 
(9). Asher H., b. April 23, 1829, m. and has two daughters. 
(10). Theodore B., b. Jan. 16, 1832, m. and had several children. 

6. Elisabeth, b. Sept. 1, 1792, m. Daniel Ackers, b. Jan. 5, 1788 ; had 

ten children : 

(1). Oliver, b. Oct. 14, 1813, d. Dec. 30, 1813. 

Fisher 367 

(2). Mary Ann, b. Nov. 25, 1814, m. Ralph Cornell who died 

July 25, 1849. 
(3). Catharine, b. Oct. 19, 1817, d. June 10, t830. 
(4). Amos, b. Oct. 4, 1819. d. Sept. 19, 1867, m. Sarah Moore and 

had two sons, Alfred and Daniel. 
(5). Abraham H., b. March 2, 1823, d. April 9, 1S49. 
(6). Melinda, b. April 20, 1829, m. Edward Flock and had twc 

children, a son, dead, and a daughter Caroline. 
(7). Louis, b. Oct. 21, 1831, m. Elisabeth Howell and had two 

daughters, Elizabeth and SybiUa. 
(8). Catharine E., b. Jan. 17, 1834. 
(9V. Levi, b. March 21, 1836, m. Henrietta Hill and had three 

daughters, two of whom are living. 
(10). Emma, b. Aug. 24, 1839, d. June 17, 1870, m. Charles Walker. 
7. Peter, b. May 10, 1794, d. April 28, 1879, m. (1) Eeturah Bake, b. 
June 5, 1802, d. March 18, 1864. and had by her two children ; m. 
(2) Harriet Van Buskirk, b. Oct. 30, 1822, d. July 15, 1886 : 
(1). James Uonroe, b. Dec. 21, 1842. 
(2). Lucinda a, b. Aug. 28, 1845. 
•<UT). Elizabeth, committed suicide by hanging, probably in latter part 
of March, 1792, unmarried. 
(IV). William, b. June 2L, 1768, d. Dec. 31, 1842, m. Lucretia Slack, b. 
Oct. 12, 1771, d. June 10, 1847 ; had five children : 

1. Amos, b. July 9, 1795, m. a Miss Quick and had son Prall. 

2. William, b. July 14, 1798, m Mary Dilts and had two children. 

William and Mary. 

3. James 8., b. Oct. 23, 1800, d. Sept. 22, 1879, m. Catharine L. Stout. 

b. Nov. 25, 1816 ; had seven children, Ellen S., Rebecca S., Caro- 
line S., Kate, William H., James S. and Claudius R. P. 

4. Charity, b. Nov. 29, 1803, m. Judiah Higgins. 

5. Mart Ann, b. Sept. 28, 1808. m. Nathan Stout, b. Dec. 31, 1812 : 

had five children : 

(1). William F., b. March 29, 1837, d. Sept. 18, 1872, m. Martha 

(2). Henry H., d. May 10, 1864. 
(3). Simpson S., b. Nov. 28, 1840, m. Julia H. Smith, b. Nov 1 

(4). Lucretia F., b. Dec. 31, 1842, d. Sept. 17, 1872. 
(5). Mary Y., b. May 18, 1844, m. Augustus F. Young. 
LU. ELIZABETH was bap. June 8, 1729. Aside from this we have no definite 

information concerning her. 
IV. CHRISTOPHER, settled near Van Liew's Corner and had one son, also 
named Christopher and two or three daughters : 
(I). Christopher, m. Jane Stout and had a son named Christopher. 
V. JOHN, m. a Miss Kuhl and moved to Pennsylvania. 
VI. PETER, said to have been killed, probably when a young man, by a fall 

from a wagon. 
VH. JACOB, inherited the homestead ; he m. Sarah Hoppock and by her had 
six children ; it is said that Jacob was twice married but the name of his 
second wife is unknown : 

368 Early Germans of New Jerset 

il). Anthony, died childless in Philadelphia. 

(II). Peter, b. March 10, 1765, d. June 21, 1829, m. Ann Runk, b. April' 
24, 1764, d. Dec. 16, 1850 ; he first settled upon a tract of land in 
Delaware twp. ; thence he moved to a farm situated along the turn- 
pike between Clinton and Annandale in this county ; upon this 
farm was a tavern which he kept at the same time that he tilled his 
land. For a long time he was a Justice of the Peace, and at one 
period was one of the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas. He- 
had ten children : 

1. Jacob P., b. Aug. 19, 1786, d. Nov. 12, 1845, m. Sarah Stevenson, 

b. Nov. 14, 1792, d. Aug. 1, 1864 ; had one child : 
(1). Mart Ann, b. March 27, 1814, d. June 5, 1878, m. Henry 
Matthews, b. Nov. 11, 1812, d. Jan. 21, 1886. 

2. Sarah, b. Aug. 5, 1788, d. Jan. 11, 1859, m. John H. Hoffman (s. 

of Henry and Rebecca), b. Jan. 19, 1796, d. Jan. 19, 1869; had 

four children : 

(1). Peter F., b. May 6, 1819, m. Catharine Runkle, b. Dec. 22, 

(2). William F., b. Jan. 7, 1822, d. March 9, 1856, m. Elisabeth 
Carhart, b. March 24, 1826, d. Nov. 16, 1866 ; had four chil- 
dren, Frances, Christians a C, Sarah F. and Lavinia. 

(3). Elisabeth, b. , d. Sept. 29, 1887, m. Theodore H. Risler, 

b. , d. Nov. 5. 1867 ; had one daughter, Sallie, died a 

young lady. 

(4). Stephen Addison, b. , 1831, d. Aug. 27, 1851. 

3. Ann, b. Jan. 11, 1790, d. Oct. 31, 1869, m. Thomas T. Holcombe, b. 

July 10, 1795, d. Aug. 20, 1888 : had four children : 
(1). Miranda, b. Oct. 2, 1818, d. Feb. 24, 1843, m. Solomon Hol- 
combe, b. March 19, 1813, d. Jan. 4, 1879 ; had one child. 
(2). Susannah, b. Oct. 22, 1820, m. Philip H. Matthews, b. Sept. 

21, 1814, d Sept. 29, 1886 ; has two children, Victoria and 

(3). Ann, b. Sept. 14, 1827, m. Peter Fisher, b. Nov. 15, 1825, d. 

Aug. 21, 1823 ; had five children, Theodore, Thomas E., 

Augustus, William E. and Anne B. 
(4). Thomas N., b. Aug. 8, 1834, m. Cornelia Taylor, b. Aug. 28, 

1839 ; has two sons, Charles T., b. Feb. 3, 1875, and James 

S., b. May 1, 1879. 

4. Frances, b. Nov. 19, 1791, d. March 9, 1865, m. Elias Holcombe, b. 

May 23. 1793, d. April 24, 1865 ; had four children : 

(1). Leah, b. May 21, 1815, d. March 7, 1872, m. John Hoagland, 

b. Jan. 5, 1812, d. Aug. 6, 1876. 
(2). Peter O., b. Feb. 11, 1817, d. Feb. 28, 1886, m. (1) Catharine 

Kline Quick, b. Jan. 9, 1822, d. Aug. 1, 1848, and by her 

had one child, Ellen Kline ; m. (2) Martha Higgins, b. Apr. 

14, 1832, and by her had four children, John Q., Henry, 

Catharine and .Frances. 
(3). Cornelia Ann, b. July 3, 1820, d. Oct. 3, 1884, m. Joseph C. 

Sutphin, b. April 8, 1817, d. May 25, 1877 ; no children. 
(4). Frances, b. Nov. 18, 1823, m. John Quick, b. July 17, 1820 ; 



bad one daughter, Cornelia Ann, b. Feb. 1, 1845, d Oct 1 

5. Rachel, b. Jan. 2, 1794, d. Sept. 28, 1883, m. Jacob Kline, b July 

23, 1799, d. July 25, 1878. 

6. John, b. Aug. 14, 1796, d. Aug. 16, 1833, m. Susan Runkle, b. Dec. 

16, 1796, d. Sept. 16, 1875 ; had three children : 
(1). Francis, b. Feb. 18, 1822, d. Nov. 4, 1870, m. Derrick Sut- 
phin, b. Oct. 24, 1814, d. Dec. 9, 1891 ; had ch.: 
(a). John F., b. Feb. 5, 1844, m. Mary Anderson, b. Jan. 12, 
1844 ; has two children, Frank F., b. Aug. 16, 1872, and 
Lewis A., b. Dec. 11, 1874. 
(b). Mary F., b. Nor. 2, 1847, d. May 29, 1871. 
(c). William D., b. Aug. 30, 1851, d. July 27, 1880, m. Sarah 
E. Apgar, b. April 4, 1847 ; had six children, Charles, b. 
Oct. 12, 1870 ; Cora Frances, b. Sept. 26, 1873, m. Rev. 
Emile V. G. Hoelsche (and has one child Frances S., b. 
Feb. 16, 1894) ; William, b. Nov. 20, 1874, d. Aug. 4, 1875; 
Arthur D., b. July 13, 1876, d. July 30, 1877 ; Annie E., 
b. March 3, 1878. 
(2). Jacob Runkle, b. Jan. 12, 1824, m. Dinah H. Van Doren, b. 
Jan. 20, 1825, d. Jan. 1, 1890 ; had five children : 
(a). William Pohlman, b. Jan. 11, 1851, m. Frances D. Miller, 
b. April 4, 1862 ; has two children, Howard, b. Nov. 27, 
1889, and Elizabeth Miller, b. Jan. 14, 1892. 
(b). Anna Frances, b. May 15, 1853, m. Simon J. Hegeman, 
b. May 30, 1838 ; has two children, John S., b. Oct. 31, 
1880, and Runkle Fisher, b. Feb. 21, 1885. 
(c). John Runkle, b. Feb. 21, 1855, d. Dec. 27, 1858. 
id). Benjamin Van Doren, b. July 12, 1858. 
(e). Elisabeth Alletta, b. Dec. 1, 1868, d. Aug. 2, 1870. 
(3). William, b. June 9, 1826, m. Mary Elizabeth Sieg, b. March 
15, 1825 ; has one child, Kate Sieg, b. Nov. 23, 1859, m. 
Harry Strong Taylor, b. Jan., 1857. 

7. Peter R., b. March 27, 1798, d. , m. (1) Mary Ann Honeyman, 

b. Nov. 29, 1802, d. Jan. 15, 1847 ; by her he had one child ; (2) 
Francinka Lane, b. April 2, 1823, d. Dec. 31, 1874 ; by her he had 
two children : 
(1). Margaret, b. Nov. 29, 1822, d. Feb. 12, 1844, m. William 

Duyckinck. b. Aug. 14, 1815 ; had one child, Mary, b. Oct. 

12, 1842, m. Horace A. Van Derbeek, b. Dec. 15, 1828. 
(21. Mart, b. Oct. 28, 1S50, d. Feb. 20, 1887, m. Horace Lobb. 
(3). Kate, b. April 26, 1859, d. Jan. 12, 1888, m. Erwin O. Blair, 

b. Oct. 16, 1860. 

8. William, b. April 18, 1801, d. Nov. 29, 1822. 

9. Julia, b. May 27, 1804, d. Feb. 20, 1871, m. Matthias Cramer, b. 

Sept. 19, 1800, d. April 27, 1849 ; had six children : 

(1). Peter, b. Jan. 20, 1825, d. May 30, 1863, m. Margaret Traver, 

b. Nov. 7, 1829, and had two children, Julia Frances and 

Laura T. 
(2). John Edgar, b. April 29, 1830, d. Sept. 4, 1830. 

37° Early Germans of New Jersey 

(3). Oscar, b. Aug. 6, 1832, d. Nov. 4, 1859. 
(4). Christianna, b. Jon. 27, 1836, d. Feb. 9, 1855. 
(5). Margaret Francis, b. Dec. 4, 1838. 
(6). Sarah E., b. Sept. 9, 1843, d. Oct. 14, 1864. 
10. Hiram, b. Dec. 3, 1806, d. Aug. 24, 1829. 
(HI). Anna, b. Feb. 22, 1767, m. Caleb Farley, b. June 28, 1757, d. Oct. 6, 

1808 ; had no children. 
(TV). Mart, m. Nathaniel Wilson. 

(V). Sarah, d. Sept. 18, 1831, in the 56th year of her age, m. Abraham 
Prall, b. Nov. 2, 1770, d. April 20, 1851. 
(VI). Jacob, b. Oct. 19, 1779, d. Sept. 24, 1813, m. Anna Chamberlain, b. 
Jan. 17, 1784, d. Feb. 26, 1855 ; had five children : 

1. Sarah, b. June 8, 1801, m. Gideon Quick, b. Feb. 17, 1793. 

2. Maria, b. Aug. 8, 1803, m. John W. Larison, b. July 11, 1801. 

3. John Chamberlain, b. Sept. 19, 1806, m. (1) Catharine M. Skill- 

man, d. Feb. 9, 1844, aged 34 yrs., 11 mos., 28 dys. ; by her he had 
five children ; (2) Adaline Chamberlain and by her had two ch. : 
(1). Jacob, m. Louise Hunt ; has five children, Flora, Cornelia, 

John, Fanny and David Hunt. 
(2i. Thomas, b. Nov. 12, 1830, d. Sept. 10, 1850. 
(3). Anna Wary, m. John Bowne ; has four children, James, 

Joseph G., Addison and Cornelia. 
(4) . Martha, (see John Fisher, son of Wm. F. Fisher) . 
(5). Cornelia. 
(6). Jeannijc. 
(7). James O. 

4. Caleb Farley, b. May 6, 1809, d. , m. Rebecca A. Holcombe, 

b. Sept. 7, 1810 ; had twelve children : 

(1). Jacob F., b. Aug. 23, 1830, m. F,Tnm« Carver; has seven 

children, Edward O., William L., Laura M., Oeorge L., 

Fred., Minnie and Harry. 
(2). Ann Elisabeth, b. Dec. 8, 1831, m. "William F. Holcombe. 
(3). Martha R., b. Dec. 23, 1833, m. Charles Johnson ; has six 

children, Sarah F,, m. George Holcombe ; Fisher C, m. 

Ellen Ash ton: Rebecca, Mary, Oeorge and UlyssesS. Grant. 
(4). James J., b. Oct. 18, 1835, m. Sarah S. Servis ; had four chil- 
dren, Charles H., Samuel H., Farley F. and Annie F. 
(5). Sarah Q., b. Dec. 29, 1837, m. George H. Larison. 
(6). Emma, b. Aug. 21, 1839, m. John N. Golden. 
(7). Farley, b. Nov. 1, 1841, m. Ann Rebecca Sutphin ; has four 

ch. , Bertha, Erwin, Otis Clifford and Lizzie Holcombe. 
(8). Robert H., b. Oct. 17, 1843, m. Cornelia B. "Wilson ; has one 

son, Clinton W. 
(9). Lewis C, b. Aug. 21, 1845, m. Christianna Nixson ; has six 

children, Oakly, Laura, Lizzie, Margaret, Lulu Maud 

and Harry. 
(10). John L., b. Sept. 28, 1847, d. April 7, 1876. 
(11). Altda, b. April 29, 1850, m. Jacob S. Sutphin. 
(12). Maria L., b. Oct. 11, 1853, m. Reuben Bird. 

5. Lucretia Ann, b. Nov. 4, 1811, d. Sept. 24, 1813. 

Fleming 37 1 


WILLIAM FLEMING, b. 1765, <L 1838, Nov. 30, m. Ann Pbilhower, b. 1764, d. 
1856, Dec. 22, bought, 1798, of John Snyder, 280 acres of land near Parker, 
Morris Co., N. J., had ch.: 
I. ABBEE, died young. 
II LEVI, m. Mary Beam (dau. of John) ; had ch. : 

(I). W tt.t.tam, m. (1) Catherine Howell (dau. of Isaac) ; (2) . 

(II). Henry, m. Charity Hellebrant (dau. of Matthias'). 
(HI). Nicholas, m. Merilda Brown (dau. of Ranee). 
(IV). Daniel, m. Julia Hellebrant ( dau. of Matthias). 
(V). George, m. Jane Sutton (dau. of Aaron). 
(VI). Sophia, m. George HeUebrant (dau. of Matthias). 
(VLD. Susan, m. Jacob Farley (s. of Richard). 
(VHI). Elizabeth, m. George Farley. 
HI. BETSEY, unm. 

IV. EFFIE, m. Richard Stephens, of Chester, 
v! SARAH, m. William Sliker ; res. near Newton. 
VI. CHARITY, b. 1800, d 1820. 
VTL PETER, b. 1800, d. 1826. 
VIII. GEORGE, b. 1807, d. 1830. 

IX. JACOB, b. 1811, d. 1836. 

X PHILIP, b. 1813, Feb. 10, d. 1889, Feb. 1, m. Rachel Convil (dau. of 
Joshua) ; had ch. : 

(I). Merilda, m. John Nunn (s. of William). 
(II). Katukah, m. (1) William Huston ; (2) John Jones. 
(HI). Adaline, m. Daniel Skellinger. 
(IV). Henry, m. Ellen Hellebrant (dau. of Isaac). 
(V). Daniel, m. Carrie Pbilhower (dau. of Andrew). 
(VI). Mulford, unm. 
(VLD. Martha, m. Asa Hoffman. 
VHD. Jane, m. Robert Batron. 

(IX). Elisabeth, m. Tiger. 

(X). Melinda, m Philip Van Doren. 
(XD. Christiana Sybella, m. Mansfield Eick. 
(XII). Melissa, m. George Lance. 
XL JESSE, b. 1814, d. 1835. 

XII MARTHA, m. Adam Apgar (dau. of William). 
MALCOMBE FLEMING, d. in Ireland 1736. His three sons, Andrew, Thomas 
and William, came from Tyrone, Ireland, 1751, and brought certificates of 
membership in Presbyterian Church, of Cookstown, Ireland, and joined the 
Bethlehem Presbyterian Church, near Clinton, Hunterdon Co. It is said that 
this family is no relation to the Flemington family. 
ANDREW (s. of Malcombe), m. Rebecca ; had four ch. bap. in Bethlehem Church; 
rem. to near Cranberry, N. J. ; had ch. : 
I. WILLIAM, b. 31 May, 1769, d. 1833 ; had ch. : 
(D. Eleanor, d. 1878. 

(H). Jacob, d. 1872 ; rem. to Ohio when young. 
(HD. Thomas, deceased. 
(IV). Andrew, had ch.: 1. John, res. at Readington ; 2. Jane ; 3. Ann; 

37 z Early Germans of New Jersey 

4. George ; 5. Levi, d. 1875 ; 6. Robina ; 7. Kate ; 8. Asher 
(V). Joanna, d. 1880. 

(VT). William, d. Mercer Co., N. J., in 1878. 
(VTI). Ttlkk, d., 1839, in La Grange Co., Indiana. 
(VIET). Abbott, rem. to La Grange Co., TtiHibtih 
II. ELENOR, m. a Butler, and has a dau. near Pattenberg, N. J. 

IT. MALCOLM, has a dau. in Ohio, and a son near Pattenberg, N. J. 
THOMAS, ruling elder of Bethlehem Church, N. J. ; dismissed 9 June, 1783 ; prob. 
rem. to Hope twp., Warren Co. ; had ch. : 
I. THOMAS, b. 24 Oct., 1753 ; res. in Hope twp., Warren Co. ; had a large 
H. JAMES, b. 2 Sept., 1756, d. 1840, m. Elisabeth Coryell (dau. of John) ; res. 
Danville. Warren Co. ; had ch. 
(I). John C, b. Dec., 1793, d. April, 1878. 
(II). Mart, b. Dec., 1793, d. 1818. 
(HI). Nanct, b. Aug., 1796, d. March, 1877. 
(IV). Margaret, b. Aug., 1798, d. Jan., 1876, m. a Matlock. 
(V). Amelia, b. July, 1801, d. March, 1881 ; also m. a Matlock. 
(VT). Harvey, b. Oct., 1803 : res. Independence twp., Warren Co. 
(VII). Sarah N., b. Jan., 1808, d. in infancy. 
(VIII). Thomab H, b. Jan., 1808, d. in infancy. 
HI. MARGARET, m. Andrew Van Why. 
WILLIAM (s. of Malcombe), his will dated Bethlehem twp., 16 June, 1792, prob. 
4 Feb., 1795, names w., Elenor, and grandsons, William and Melkim [Mal- 
combe], granddaughters, Martha and Rebecca, and daus. : 

II. ELEANOR [wife of] McDANTELS. From these names it seems probable 
that William was the father, and not the brother of Andrew above. 
SAMUEL, b. 5 April, 1707, d. at Flemington, 10 Feb., 1790 ; said to be a different 
family from the other Flemings but nevertheless may have been originally 
the same ; licensed to keep tavern, 1746, where Flemington is now built ; 
bought 105 acres, including the site of Flemington, 11 June, 1756 ; m. 6 Jan., 
1734 (?i Esther Mounier, of Huguenot origin, who died 6 July, 1797 ; had ch. : 
I. ELISABETH, b. 10 April, 1737, m. a Sherrerd 
H. ESTHER, b. 15 April, 1739, d. 13 Oct , 1814, m. Thomas Lowrey. 
III. WILLIAM, b. 29 Dec, 1741. 
TV. ALEXANDER, b. 21 March, 1748. 
V. AGNES, b. 25 March, 1745, m. Timothy Wood. 
VI. MARY, b, 25 Sept., 1749, m. George Alexander. 
VII. ISABELLA, b. 4 April, 1752, m. John Servoss. 
Vni.; SAMUEL, b. 27 July, 1754. 
IX. JOHN, b. 11 Dec, 1756. 
X. CHARLES, b. 24 Dec, 1759. 


ANDREAS FLOCK1, (Flach, Flagt), b 1712, Sept. 9, d. 1779, March 9, m. Anna 
Maria, b. 1717, d. 1810, Jan. 24, at 92 yrs., 1 mo. and 22 days ; prob. came from 



Wirtemberg to Philadelphia 25 Sept.. 1749, in ship Speedwell ; had ch.: 
I. ANDREAS, b. 1736, Oct. 20, d. 1789, Aug. 20, m. Margaretta, b. 1726, d. 
1795, Dec. 9 ; went to Canada ; had ch. : 

(I). John Philip, b. 1757, Sept. 25, d. 1828, Nov. 7, m. first, 1791, Sept. 27, 
Cath. Schwartzwelder, b. at Hartwick, 1771, Jan. 16, d. 1793, Nov. 
9, and second, 1795, Feb. 12, Anna Aames, d. 1820, llarch 18, at 47 
years, and 10 months. 
'ID. Margaretta, b, 1761, Nov. 3, m. John Schwartzwelder. 
(IID. Andrew, b. 1763, Aug. 23, d. 1765, Sept. 22 
(TV). John, b. 1766, Dec. 10, m. 1787, Dec. 27, Elsie Hoffman (daughter of 

(V). Maria Catherine, b. 1768, Oct. 23, prob. m. 1798, Feb. 25, Philip 

(VT|. Matthias, b. 1771, Aug. 19, d. 1793, Nov. 22, m. 1791, Oct. 21, A. Bar- 
bara Schwartzwelder. b. 1793, Nov. 27. 
n. CATHERINE, b. 14 Feb., 1742, d. 1 llarch, 1823, m. John Shangle (son 

of Heinrichl. 
III. BARBARA, b. 1744, d. 14 July, 1841, at 97. m. Philip Crater (son of 

Morris, 1st). 
TV. MATTHIAS, b. 1746, March 6, d. 1806, Oct. 17, m. 1774, Jan. 13, Maria 
Margaret Rarick (dau. of Conrad, 1st) ; had ch. : 

(I). Margaretta, b. 1775, April 10, m. John Vas (Vooa or Was), res. at 
Marks boro. 
(II). Matthias, b. 1781, Dec. 18, d. 1821, March 21, m. Effle Weaver (dau. 
Christopher) ; had ch. : 

1. Elisabeth, b. 1811, May 3, m. Jacob Bird. 

2. John, m. Susan Divers ; no ch. ; res. in Warren Co. 

3. William, b. 1820, d. It Dec., 1888, m. Adriann Salmon (daughter 

of Samuel), b. 8 Feb., 1826: had ch. : (1), Andrew, b. 1842, Oct. 

4, m. Harriet Stephens (dau. of William), who afterwards m. 

Matthias Swackhammer ; had by tlrst husband William and 

Harry; i2). John S., b. 1845, July 10, m. Elisabeth Sharp idau. 

of William); (3). Sarah Louisa, b. 1850, June 21, m. Jacob M. 

Trimmer, Jr. (s. of Isaiah). 
(III). John, b. 1784, Nov. 2, m. Mary Sharp (dau. of Morrisi ; rem. to Ohio 

or Canada. 
(TV). Andrew, b. 1787, April 22, d. 1844, May 2, m. first, Sara Lane ; 
second, Mrs. Sarah (Swayze) Salmon ; had ch.: 

1. Mathias, b. 1813, Jan. 10, d. 1852, Feb. 15, m. first, Christina 

Divers, b. 1816, Jan. 2, d. 1849, Sept. 6, and second, Sarah 
Corson; had ch. : (1). Andrew, m. Ahneda Lewis (Pleasant 
Valley, Pa.); (2). John; (3). Henry, d. unm.; (5). Jacob D., m. 
Kate Drake (dau. of William); (5). Margaret Ann, m. Isaac F. 
Read, of Blairstown ; (6). Sylvester, jeweler in New York City. 

2. Eleanor, m. Daniel L. Salmon. 

3. Margaret, m. Philip G. Stephens. 

(V). Anna Maria, b. 1796, Oct. 21, m. (second wife) Jeremiah Lanning, 
of Hope, Warren Co. 
V. CHRISTINA m. 19 Sept.. 1780, Andreas Hensfeler. 
VI. ANNA, m. John Thomas (s. of Matthias, 1st). 

374 Early Germans of New Jerset 

VII. MARGARET, m. 19 March, 1781, John Dean. 
VIII. ELISABETH, m. John Petrie (s. of William ?). 


ZACBARIAS FLUMERVELT, came on ship "Hope" from Rotterdam, 1734, 
Sept. 33 ; his name appears od John Peter Nitzer's ledger, 1753 and '59 ; prob. 
had ch. : 
I. GEORGE, m. Elisabeth Schuyler (dau. of Philip) ; had ch.: 
(I). Peter, m. a Potter. 
(II). Zacharias, b. 1784, March 27. d. 1822, June 8 ; was shot by a neigh- 
boring farmer, m. Catharine Neighbor (dau. of Leonard III) ; had 
children : 

1. Leonard N., b. 1807, Feb. 15, m. Catherine Apgar (dau. of Her- 

bert of Lower Valley). 

2. Eliza, b. 1809, Sept. 18, m. first, David Johnson ; second, John 

Miller, of Clarksville. 

3. Sophia, b. 1812, March 15, m. Andrew Bay. 

4. George, b. 1814, Dec. 17, m. Catherine Read (dau. of Philip) ; res. 

at Lower Valley. 

5. Zacharias, b. 1817, m. Elisabeth Terryberry (dau. of Jacob) ; res. 

at Lower Valley. 
(III). George, b. 1800, Sept. 87, m. Elisabeth Trimmer (dau. of David), b. 

1779, d. 184S, Aug. 26. 
(IV). Margaretba Ann, b. 1804, March 12. 

(V). David, b. 1806, May 3' ; died at sea ; Capt. of a vessel ; unmarried. 
(VI). Mart, b. 1806, May 31, m. Jacob Apgar. 
II. ZACHARIAS, had a son Cornelius, who m. Banghart. 

III. FREDERICK, m. Deli , had Andres, b. 1780, Dec. 5. 

IV. PHILLP, m. Catherine , had John, b. 1783, July 20. 

V. BERTRAM, m. Catherine , had Zacharias, b. 1775. 


VIII. CORNELIUS, whose name, with those of John and Yorick, appears, 1760, 
on Nitzer's ledger in the account of Zacharias; m. Eva ; made a will 
1798, April 4, probated May 7, who names ch. : 
(I). Zachariah. 
(II). Cornelius. 
(III). Charity Snyder. 
(TV)- Catharine Cleckovbr. 
(V). Elisabeth Hoffman. 
(VI). Francky Young. 
(VII). Mary Terebery. 
IX. ALBERTUS, m. Mary Clabine ; had ch. : 
(I). Andrew. 

(II). George, b. 1785, Oct. 15, d. 1858, Mar. 27, m. first, 1808, Dec. 15, 
Margaret Henry, b. 1786, Mar. 22, d. 1830, Aug. 16 ; second, Mrs. 
Wary Fergus (born a Linaberry), b. 1787, Oct. 19, d. 1845, Sept. 12 ; 
third, Elisabeth Thompson, b. 1792, Sept. 16 ; had ch.: 
1. Andrew, %. 1809, Sept. 19, m. Matilda Angle (dau. of Philip). 

Flumervelt — Folk — Force 375 

■2. John, b. 1811, Oct. 23, m. Euphemia Adams (dau. of Amos). 

3. Wesley, b. 18'3, Dec. 15, m. Sarah Ann Leida idau. of Isaac). 

4. Charles, b. 1816, Jan. 17, m. Eleanor Read (dau. of David). 

5. Sarah Ann, b. 1818, April 9, m. Jas. R. Kishpaugh. 

6. James A, b. 1820, May 5, m. Sarah Swayze. 

7. Et.tza, b. 1822, May 5, ra. Jacob Anderson. 

8. Peter, b. 1823, Nov. 5, m. Ellen Adams. 

9. Caroline, b. 1825, Mar. 22, m Conrad C. Hildebrant (dau. of Johnl. 

10. Georoe, b. 1827, June 25, unmarried. 

11. Maroaret H., b. 1830, July 22, m. Adram Johnson. 

12. Jesse. 


ANDREAS VOLCK, [Falck, Folk], b. 1679 ; came over to New Amsterdam in the 
11 First Emigration," 1709, by the aid of Queen Annie, of England, in the com- 
pany of Rev. Joshua Kocherthal ; settled, prob. with the rest at Quassaick 
Creek (Newberg, N. Y.); m. Catharina, b. 1682 ; had ch. in N. Y. City, 1710 : 
L MARIA BARBARA, b. 1704. 
H. GEORGE HLERONIMTJS [Jerome], b. 1705. 
in. ANNA GERTRAUDA (Gertrude], b. 1708. 

IV. CHRISTIAN, prob. s. of Andreas, (or of Arnold Folk of 2d Emigration; 
in N. Y., 1710, at 36 years of age) ; his father may have rem. to N. J., as 
nearly ail the German settlers of Newberg very early moved away from 
there. At any rate Christian was settled in Somerset Co. at the time of 
his death ; Cristeyan Folk signs subscription for Pluckamin Lutheran 
Church, 7 Dec., 1757 ; Christian Falck and Henry Folk sign articles of 
Faith of the Lutheran Church of New Germantown and Pluckamin, in 
1767 ; his will. May 1, 1756, prob. 10 May, 1768, names wife Anna Donitia 
and ch. : 
(I). Hendrick. 
(II). Philip. 
(LID. Barb art. 
HENRY FOLK, a prominent citizen of Sparta, N. J., for many years.engaged in 
the milling business ; a director in the Merchant's National Bank, of Newton ; 
came from the vicinity of Giessen, in Hesse Darmstadt, Germany, in the year 

. He was the son of Philip and Catharina and was b. 15 Oct., 1835, m. 

Eliza Murray, b. 24 Feb., 1828. He had five brothers and one sister, viz., Philip, 
b. 30 May, 1826 ; Peter ; John ; Henry ; Konrad ; Katharina ; Wilhelm 
died young ; he has ch. : 
I. RICHARD M., b. 15 Sept., 1858, m. Belle Gordon. 
H. HENRY W., b. 20 July, 1860 ; engaged with his brother Richard in 
mercantile business in Sparta. 
III. MOLT.IE, b. 2 May, 1862. 

rV. WILLIAM H, b. 26 Aug., 1863, d. 17 May, 1878. 
V. CARRIE Y., b. 13 March, 1866, d. 21 April, 1867. 


Three brothers came to this country from Germany, or England. One went to 
Philadelphia, another settled near Newark, from whom Rev. W. Manning Force 

576 Early Germans of New Jersey 

descended, and a third WILLIAM, settled near Spruce Ron ; m. a Miss Woolever, 
whose father came from Rhinebeck, Germany. He had at least one son : 
THOMAS, b. about 1740, m. a dau. of William Coxe, the large landholder, from 
whom he received a large tract of land, west of Spruce Run. He built a saw- 
mill and grist mill ; was a wheelwright by trade. He had children : 
I. WILLIAM, b. 12 April, 1767, m. a Deremer. 
II. JOSEPH, b. 22 March, 1769, m. a Brent. 

III. ELISABETH, b. 27 Feb., 1771. 

IV. MARY, b. SO Oct., 1772. 

V. THOMAS MANNING, b. 27 April, 1775. 
VI. BENJAMLN, b. 29 Sept., 1778. 
VII. SUSANNAH, b. 17 Dec., 1780. 
VIII. JOHN, b. 11 Nov., 1783. 
IX. HANNAH, b. 18 March, 1786. 

X. JAMES, b. 20 June, 1788 ; rem. to Drakestown, where he bought 190 acres 
of Mr. Marsh ; m. Lany Vosseller (dau. of Jacob), b. 27 Dec., 1787 ; had 
children : 

(I). Charles, b. 2 Jan., 1809, m. Esther Martenis. 

(II.) Thomas, b. 19 Jan., 1811, m. Sarah T. Banghard (dau. of Abram) ; 
had ch.: 1. William, b. 22 Sept., 1836, m first, Sarah Fritts ; 
second, Hattie Giddis ; 2. Abraham B., b. 10 April, 1839, m. 
Eunice Batson ; 3. James, b. 2 May, 1842, unm. ; 4. Jacob, b. 25 
Feb , 1845, m. Abigail A. Anderson (dau. of Henry V.) ; 5. Thaniel, 
b. 13 Feb., 1848, unm.; 6. Joseph, b. 3 Oct., 1851, m. Adaline Helle- 
brant (dau. of David) ; 7. George, b. 4 July, 1855, m. Rettie Helle- 
brant (half-sister to Adaline). 
(HI). Jacob, unmarried. 
(IV). Joseph, unmarried 
(V). Sosanna, died young. 
(VI). Mart, m. William Anderson. 
(VII). Eliza, b. 5 Dec., 1825, unmarried. 
Miscellaneous — Some people claim that the name was originally La Force 
or La Force'. The first one is said to have been OBADIAH, who came from 
France. There was a Matthew Force at Woodbridge, who m. 7 Jan., 1696, Sara 

, and had ch.: 1. John, b. 24 Dec., 1697 ; 2. Elisabeth, b. 22 Sept., 1699 ; 3. 

Mary. b. 18 Nov., 1701, d. 17 April, 1703. It may be that the name La Forse, 
Lafasi. Lafar, Lafaers, is the same as La Force or La Force'. The former occur 
on the Records of the Dutch Church of Somerville, as follows : Jan La Forse, 
has ch.: Abraham, bap. 25 Oct., 1704 ; Isaac, bap. 12 June, 1723 ; Jan, bap. 20 
Dec., 1724 (parents Jan and Cary) ; Francentye, bap. 3 April, 1726, and Angenetje, 
bap. 29 April, 1720 (parents same as above) ; Nicolaes Laforse and Nella Merlatt 
have Nicolaes, bap. 27 June, 1736 ; Abraham and Raghel [Rachel] have Jan, 
bap. 24 Feb., 1740. The combined Register (containing Records of First Presby- 
terian Church of Morristown) has Manan [Manning T) m. 10 May, 1753, Lucretia 
Wirxhel, and several other later data. 


JOHANNES PETER FFTJCKS, [Fuchs, Fuhz or Fox], b. 1679 ; came over in the 
2d Emigration, 1710 ; prob. settled on Fuchsenberg or Fox Hill, which was 

Fox — Frace 377 

named after him ; m. first, Anna Margaret, b. 1686 ; prob. m. second, Maria 
and bad ch. : 
I. JOHN PETER, b. 4 March, bap. 7 Aug., 1720, at the house of Baldus 
Pickle on the Raritans [near Whitehouse] by Rev. Justus Falkner, pastor 
of the Lutheran Church of New York City ; signs call to Rev. John 
Albert Weygand, 1749 ; naturalized 20 Aug., 1755. 
Miscellaneous — Fanny Fox, Philip and Daniel Ftthz, on ledger of John 
Peter Nitzer, storekeeper m German Valley, 1763. Leonard Fox naturalized by 
act of Assembly, 28 April, 1762. There was a family of this name very earl_, 'n 
Hunterdon Co., who were Quakers of English descent. 


I. JOHN FRIES [perh. Frees or Fracel, prob. a brother of William ; res. 
in Knowlton twp., now Warren Co. ; his will, 6 March, 1770, prob. 8 May 
1771, names ch. : 
(I). John Henry. 
til). Martinus, prob. "Sen." m. Jane, who was b. 8 Jan., 1753, d. 21 

Nov., 1819, buried at Knowlton cemetery. 
(III). John. 

(IV). Caty, m. a Snider. 
(V). Elisabeth, m. a Snider. 
(VI). Adam. 
(VII). John. 
(VLTI). Mary. 
(LX). Ann, m. Philip Hoffman. 
II. WILLIAM, prob. a brother of John, res. at Knowlton ; his will, prob. 2fi 
May, 1795, names wife Mary and ch. : 
fl). Michel, perh. m. Gertraud ; had ch. : 

1. Elisabeth, b. 10 March, 1770. 

2. Anna Maria, b. 10 Feb., 1772. 

3. Maria Grith, b. 3 Aug., 1776. 
(LI). William Henry. 

(III). John. 
(IV). Christina. 
(V). Mary Elisabeth. 
(VI). Mary. 
(VLD. Anna. 
(VIII). Jacob, not named in will, but perh. a son of William, m. Margaret 
[Durenberger f]; had ch. at least : 

1. Anna Maria, b. 7 May, 1774. 

2. Elisabeth, b. 24 Sept., 1777. 

3. Jacob, b. 22 Aug., 1779. 

FREDERICK, perh. the s. of Johan Frederick Freyss, who arrived at Philadelphia 
23 Sept., 1741: m. Elsie Catherine [Snook 1; had ch. at least : 
I. WILHELM, b. 27 Dec., 1777. 
H. JACOB, went West. 

III. DAVID, killed by a horse. 

IV. JOHN, m. an Oliver ; had at least. 

(I). Isaac, b. 3 March, 1813, m. Elisabeth Rarick (dau. of William); had 

37^ Early Germans of New Jersey 

children : 

1. Ezektel A, m. Harriet V. Sutton (dau. of John); had ch.: (1). 

Levi, dec.; (2). Merilda, dec.; (3). Bell, m. Theodore Slyker ; (4). 
Hulda, m. William Slockbower ; (5). Mary A., m. John Bell ; 
(6). Lizzie B., dec.; (7). Emma, m. Fred. Philhower ; (8). Harriet 
V.; (9). Ezekiel A.; (10). Lydia Lulu. 

2. Huldah, m. Alfred Nunn. 

3. Mart, m. Gilbert Dufford. 

4. Isaac, m. Catherine Earns (dau. of David). 

5. Amanda, m. George Swarts (dau of Isaac). 
Miscellaneous— In Knowlton Cemetery: Peter, b. 9 March, 1763, d. 4 Aug., 

1846 (?); Cecilia, b. 1757, d. 29 May, 1828; Andrew, b. 1790, d. 31 Oct., 1839; 
Susanna, b. 1794, d. 1 Jan., 1866, at 73 ; Peter, b. 4 Oct., 1785, d. 26 April, 1814, at 
28. Jacob Fries with other Moravians arrived at Bethlehem, Penn., from Den- 
mark. 14 Sept., 1753. Letters of admin, of the estate of John Freas, of Sussex Co., 
granted 7 Jan., 1794, to Catherine and Peter Freas. 


sometimes wrote it], was born at Lingen, in East Friesland, now belonging to 
the kingdom of Hanover, about 1691. H<= was the son of REV. JOHANNES 
HENRICUS FRELINGHUYSEN, pastor of the Reformed Chnrch at Lingen, 
and a brother of MATTHIAS DAVID FRELINGHUYSEN, who settled in 
Hortigen, Holland. He died not later than 1748, as near as we can tell, and is said 
to have been buried on the property which he owned near Three-Mile Run, 
though without a stone to mark the spot. He was ordained in Friesland, in 
1717, by John Brunius, and settled at Embden. He was selected for the service 
of the churches, and urged to go to that distant field by a pious elder, belonging 
to the Church of Sicco Tjadde. The young minister made a strongly favor- 
able impression by his edifying manner of conducting family worship, at the 
house of the elder, where he was stopping on his way to Embden to assume the 
rectorship of that place. Mr. F. arrived at New York January, 1720, in ship 
King George, under Captain Goelet. He preached 17 January, 1720, in the 
Collegiate Church, New York, and, for the first time on the Raritan, 31 Jan., 
1720, from 2 Corinthians, 1:20. His field of labor extended from New Brunswick 
to North Branch. "He encountered many difficulties, owing in part to the 
scattered population, dense forests, unbridged streams, and ill-marked roads, 
incident to a newly-settled country, but still more to the state of the people, 
among whom formalism abounded, leading, as it always does in the end, to a 
great relaxation of morals. His ministry was one of continued conflict, 
carried on most aggressively against indifferentism and pharisaic formalism. 
The method of this fearless preacher was to always carry the war into the 
enemies' camp. With tireless energy and uncompromising earnestness, he fought 
out to its finish the conflict between truth and error." The storm and stress of 
of such a life-long struggle, in which churches and even families were divided, 
and the aid of the courts and the printing press was enlisted, must have been 
very trying and exhaustive. Still the bold champion of purity in religion held 
on his way, because, as he said, he would " ' rather died a thousand deaths than 
not preach the truth.'" The results of his faithfulness were found first in his 

Frelinghuysen 27g 

own family, every one of his five sons becoming ministers, and both his 
daughters marrying ministers. A personal religion, which is thus attested, 
needs no other proof of its sincerity and attractiveness. Moreover, the search- 
ing revival, which brought so many into the churches under his charge, and the 
testimony of Whitfield and others, sufficiently evidence the power of his 
preaching to have been that of the truth itself. Some bitterness and excess 
were to be expected, when conscious rectitude is so maliciously asoailed, as it 
was in the person of Rev. Mr. Frelinghuysen for so many yeare. Rev. Theodorus 
Jacobus bought, 17 July, 1744, a farm of 200 acres from Dan Hendrickson, in 
Middlesex Co. [Trenton Lib., 42 or 25, fol. 444], said to be the John Bronson 
place, a little west of Three-Mile Run. His seven children were : Theodore; 
John ; Jacobus ; Ferdinandus ; Henricus ; Anna, b. 1738, d. 3 May, 1810, at 
72. m. Rev. William Jackson, who was settled for thirty years over the 
churches of Staten Island and Bergen ; Margaret, b. 12 Nov. 1737, d. 23 Dec. 
1757, m. Rev. Thomas Romeyn, of Long Island ; had one son, Re%. Theodore 
Frelinghuysen Romeyn, who suceeeded Dr. Hardenburgh, in his grandfather's 
charge on the Rantan. 

REV. THEODORE, the eldest son of Rev. Theodorua Jacobus, b. 1724, d. at sea 
about 1760. He was sent to Holland for his education, and, after being or- 
dained to the ministry, came to this country in 1745. The next year he was 
settled over the Dutch Church in Albany, N. T. (1746-1760). " He was a man 
of more than ordinary abilities and culture, and published a catechism in 1748 
which received the approbation and endorsement of the coetus. Hii memoir was 
long precious among the godly people in his charge at Albany. " He was ardent in 
disposition, and frank and popular in his manners ; but his severe denunciation 
of fashionable excesses, introduced by royal troops quartered in the city, led to 
his resignation and his departure for Holland, in the pursuit of funds for the 
establishing of an educational institution in this country. He was lost at sea 
about 1760. He had sailed from New York, 10 Oct., 1759. He left a young 
widow, wbo afterwards married again, but no children. 

REVS. JACOBUS and FERDINANDUS, the third and fourth sons of Rev Theo- 
dorus Jacobus, were sent to Holland to be educated and ordained for the 
min istry. After they had finished their courses of study, they embarked for 
home to take charge, the one of the church of Wawarsing or Marbletown, 
the other of that of Kinderhook ; but both died at sea of smallpox in 1753. 

HENRICUS, the fifth, and youngest son of Rev. Theodorus Jacobus, pursued 
his studies in this country, and was licensed to preach in 1756, and took charge 
of the churches of Wawarsing and Rochester, in Ulster County, N. T. The 
next year he was regularly ordained, but soon after died of smallpox at 

REV. JOHN, the second son of Rev. Theodorus Jacobus, b. 1727, died, Sept. 15, 
1754, suddenly, at Flatbush, at 27 years of age ; was educated and ordained in 
Holland ; commenced his labors as successor of his father, in Aug. 1750 ; 

brought bricks from Holland for a house [the Doughty mansion in Somer- 

ville], which still stands, and which was once a theological seminary, under Rev. 
John; m. Dinah Van Berg, of Amsterdam, Holland, the daughter of a wealthy 
and distinguished East India merchant, who m. for 2d husband Rev. Jacobus 
Rutsen Hardenberg ; had ch. : Eva, m. Caspar Van Nostrand, and rem. to 
Ulster Co., N. Y., where numerous descendants of the family are still 
remaining; and Frederick. 

380 Early Germans of New Jersey 

" Gen." FREDERICK;, only son of Rev. John, b. April IS, 1753, d. April 13, 1804, 
m. first, Gertrude Schenck, d. March, 1794 ; second, Ann Yard. He studied 
theology six months, but gave up the design of becoming a minister ; strange 
to say, he was not a communicant of the church. He was educated at Prince- 
ton, where he graduated in 1770 ; was admitted to the Bar when of age ; was, 
at the early age of 22, in 1775, sent to the Provincial Congress of New Jersey, 
where he was placed on the committee of Public Safety ; chosen representative 
again the next year ; elected, in 1778, on joint ballot to the Continental 
Congress, but resigned after serving a year ; returned to the Continental Con- 
gress 1782 and 1783 ; member of Assembly of New Jersey, 1785-87 ; was 
member of the Convention of 1787 ; took part in battle of Trenton as captain of a 
volunteer corps of artillery ; shot the Hessian, Colonel Rahl ; afterwards 
colonel of militia ; was present at the skirmishes at Springfield and Elisabeth, 
and at the battle of Monmouth Court-house. June, 1778 ; in 1793, was chosen to 
the United States Senate, from which he resigned, 179C. In the whiskey insur- 
rection in Pennsylvania, he was major-general of the forceB of Pennsylvania 
and New Jersey ; he had ch. : John, Theodore, Frederick, Maria Cornell, 
Catherine Judd, Elisabeth Yard Etmendorf, and Sarah. 
I. "Gen." JOHN, b. near Millstone, 21 March, 1776, d. of a bilious fever 
10 April. 1833, m. first, 1797, Louisa Mercer, dau. of Archibald, then re- 
siding near BlackwelTs Mills ; second, 13 Nov., 1811, Elisabeth Mercereau 
Van Vechten, dau. of Michael, b. 11 Dec, 1790, d. 4 June, 1867. "Not- 
withstanding the unpropitious circumstances in which his infancy and 
youth were passed, occasioned by the Revolution and its immediate 
results, he secured Sufficient education to enable him to enter Queen's 
College at New Brunswick, from which he was graduated in 1792. He 
was admitted to the Bar in 1797. In 1801 he purchased the estate at 
Somerville, but about 1805 returned to Millstone, on account of his 
father's death, and took charge of the family, superintending the studies 
of his younger brothers, Theodore and Frederick While living here he 
lost his wife, in 1809, and united with the church at Millstone. In 1810 
he returned to Somerville. He was not an eloquent pleader, but had 
a large and lucrative business in the quieter branches of his profession. 
He represented his county as a member of the State Council from 1809 
to 1816, and was surrogate of the county for fifteen years, from 1818 
to 1832. He was frequently made the executor of estates. He commanded 
a regiment of militia at Sandy Hook in the war of 1812. After the war 
he was made a brigadier-general, by which title he was subsequently 
addressed." He had a quick eye, a clear head, a rapid decision, a sound 
judgment, a strong will, and invincible courage. He was a man of large 
heart, and devised liberal things. Pleasant, affable, social, he enjoyed 
life abundantly ; yet he thought continually for others. Hand and 
heart were open to the poor and afflicted. He was a man of profound 
and ardent piety." [History of Hunterdon and Somerset Counties, p. 
586]. ' ' He seemed to be quite insensible to fear. At one time there was, 
in the county of Somerset, a resident who, having become heavily in- 
volved in pecuniary embarrassments, and being threatened with legal 
process, shut himself up in his home with loaded arms, and declared that 
he would shoot any person who attempted to serve a warrant on him. 
As the man was known to be of a very determined character, it was 

Frelinghuysen 381 

difficult to find any one willing to approach the house. General Freling- 
huysen, on being informed of the fact, took the paper and declared that 
he would serve it. As he came near the dwelling, the occupant called 
out to him to return, or he would fire. ' No you wont,' was the reply as 
the courageous man coolly continued his course until he reached the door, 
when he made legtl service of the paper." He had ch. by his first wife. : 
.-in infant who d., Alary Ann Vanderveer, Frerierink, d. at 2, Gertrude 
Magie by 2d wife : Theodore, Elisabeth Kennedy, Frederick (J.). Louisa 
M. Chembers, Sarah, Kate and Sophia. 
(I). A Boy, born 21 May, 1798, died 1800. 

(ID. Mart Ann, b. 12 Aug., 1799, d. 184rt, m. Henry Vanderveer, M. D. 
(IH). Frederick, b. 24 July, 1801, d. 1803. 

(IV). Gertrude, b. 5 Jan., 1804, d. , m. David Magie of N. Y. city- 
Gen. John had children by second wife : 
(V). Theodore, b. 11 March, 1814, unmarried ; prepared for college at 
Somerville N. J. : grad. from Rutgers College, 1831 ; studied law in 
office Thos. A. Hartwell, Esq., of Somerville. and in that of his 
uncle, Hon. Theo. Frelinghuysen in Newark; admitted as an attor- 
ney, 1835, as a counselor, Feb., 1838 ; practiced law at Socner'-'ille. 
1885-38, in Newark from 1838 — 1870 ; retired from active practice 
at that date and has since resided with his brother, Frederick J., at 
Raritan. N. J. 
(VI). Elisabeth La Grande, b. 21 Aug., 1816, m. Henry R. Kennedy, of 
Bloomsbury, N. J. ; had ch. : Miriam, John, Robert, Theodore, 
Beulah, Louisa. 
(VLD. Frederick " J.", b. 12 Oct., 1818, d. Raritan, Somerset Co., N. J.. 
5 May, 1891 ; prepared for college at Somerville. N. J.; took the 
full course at Rutgers College ; studied law with Rich S. Field, 
licensed as an attorney in May, 1841 ; practised law a few years in 
Somerville, then in Raritan ; County Superintendent of public 
schools, 1867-1873 ; surrogate Somerset Co., 1873-1878 ; Secretary 
of Somerset County Bible Society, from 15 Aug., 1849. to his death 
in 1891, a penod of 42 years ; elder of Third Ref. Church of Rari- 
tan for many years. He was very fond of children, and was for very 
many years Superintendent of the Sabbath school of the Third 
Church of Raritan ; m. Dec. 27, 1855, Victoria Bowen Sherman 
■ lau. of Capt. Joseph Sherman and Charlotte Ely ; had childen : 

1. Charlotte Sherman, b. 3 Nov., 1856, m. 18 Jan. 1889, William C. 

South wick. 

2. John, b. 17 Sept., 1858, unmarried; resides Somerville, N. J.; 

graduated Rutgers College, N. J., 1879 ; admitted to the bar, 
June term, 1882 ; practised til Sept., 1884 ; appointed, after 
Civil Service examination, Special Examiner of U. S. Pension 
Bureau ; resigned Sept., 18*7 ; partner of Hon. A. A. Clark 
until 1892 ; partner H. K. Gaston, 1892 ; Secretary Somerset Co. 
Bible Society, Sept., 1891, as successor of his father, F. J. Frel- 

3. Elisabeth, b. 6 March, 1«61, d. Aug. 28, 1866. 

4. Theodore, b. 30 Nov., 1864, d. Sept. 3, 1866. 

5. Joseph Sherman, b. 12 Mar., 1869, unmarried ; in business in 

382 Early Germans of New Jersey 

New York as insurance broker in partnership with Mr. Jameson ; 
the firm are attorneys for the "Manufacturers' Loyds Fire In- 
surance Co."; Genera] Manager of the Globe Fire Insurance 
Co. : member of " Troop A." of the National Guard, of the State 
of New York ; res. part of the time in New York, and part of 
the time at Somerville, N. J. 
6. Clarence, b. Oct. 5, 1871, d. April 29, 1874. 
(VIII). Louisa Mercer, b. Dec. 3, 1821, d. June 2, 1892, m. Talbot W. 
Chambers, B. T. C, L.L.D. (s. of William C). 
(IS). Sarah, unmarried. 
(X). Catherine, unmarried. 

(X 1 ). Sophia, b. , d. May 6, 3 p. K., 1867, unmarried. 

II. THEODORE, second son of Gen. Frederick, b. Mar. 2€, 1787, at Millstone, 
N. J., d. April 12. 1862, m. first, Charlotte Mercer (dau. of Archibald), 
1809 : second, Harriet Pompelly, 1857 ; elected, 1826, one of the Justices 
of the Supreme Court, which position he declined to accept ; had no chil- 
dren. Was Att.'y-Gen. of New Jei-sey, 1817-29 ; U. S. Senator, 1829-35 ; 
Chancellor N. Y. University, 1839-50 ; President Rutgers College, 1850-61 ; 
"New Jersey's favorite son." In 1841 he wa6 chosen President of the 
American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions ; and in 1846, 
President of the American Bible Society. Hon. L. Q. C. Elmer says of 
him : " His piety was so unostentatious and yet so manifest, his manner 
of address so winning, his integrity so complete, and his desire to do good 
so intense, that he could not fail to exercise a good influence over those 
with whom he came in contact. Even those who would turn with dis- 
gust from any attempt of others to introduce religious subjects, would 
listen to him at least with assumed patience, and thank him for his faith- 
fulness. His natural temper was quick and irritable, [but with the 
rarest exceptions under complete control]. This quick sensibility was 
one of the elements of his power. It was manifested in his voice and 
demeanor. He was indeed the most persuasive speaker I have ever 
listened to. [He never wrote out his speeches in full and spoke at 
his best without writing]. Like Whitefleld, and all great natural 
orators, his voice and manner were such as to bring his hearers into 
entire sympathy with his own feelings, and thus to overmaster them. 
* * * He filled the place in the Senate which was filled by Mr. Wil- 
berforce in the British Parliament. His voice was always heard on the 
right side of all questions partaking of a religious or moral character, 
like the Sunday mail and the Cherokee Indian bills. The congressional 
prayer-meeting was as constantly attended by him as the sittings of the 
Senate itself. There is indeed no reason to doubt that his personal influ- 
ence at Washington was equal if not superior to that of any other indi- 
vidual." He was nominated for the office of Vice-President on the same 
ticket with Henry Clay, in 1844. This was without the least solicitation 
or suggestion, direct or indirect on his part. His defeat was a most 
painful surprise to a host of friends, who took the failure of their efforts 
as a personal affliction. " From the time when he took his first success- 
ful position at the bar of New Jersey in 1812, until he went to New York 
in 183S, he was engaged in almost every important cause which arose in 
the State." The great cases in which he appeared and established his 

Frelinghuysen 383 

reputation were the important slander case Hall vs. Grant, tried in 
Newark in 1821 ; the great Quaker case tried in 1833, in which the read- 
ing of the evidence occupied nine days ; and the New Jersey Proprietary 
case, Waddell vs. Martin, concerning the ownership of lands under water 
around the coast and along tide-water streams. [See his life by Rev. 
Talbot W. Chambers, D. D., Board Publication Reformed Church, 1863]. 
in. FREDERICK, third son of Gen. Frederick, b. S Nov., 1788, at the family 
homestead at Hillstone. He d. 10 Nov., 1820, m. 4 Aug., 1312, Jane Du- 
mont (dau. of Peter B.). He received the rudimentary elemenrs of his 
education at New Brunswick ; was prepared for college in the academy 
at Basking Ridge ; graduated at Nassau Hall, 1806 ; admitted to the bar, 
1810 ; commenced practice at Millstone, and soon secured a lucrative 
practice ; appointed Prosecutor of the Pleas for the counties of Somer- 
set, Middlesex and Hunterdon, which office he held until his death. He 
was more of a natural orator than either of his brothers. He delivered 
two addresses, which enhanced very greatly his reputation as an orator. 
One of these orations was before the Washington Benevolent Association 
at New Brunswick in 1812, and the other before the Somerset County 
Bible Society in 1820. "His imagination was fervid, his temperament 
buoyant, and his sensibility very lively." His piety was sincere, earnest 
and practical. A noteworthy characteristic of the three brothers, John, 
Theodore and Frederick, was their brotherly affection. " The love which 
these brothers had for each other was, in its depth and warmth, almost 
romantic. Their greatest pleasure was to be together, and the lively 
sallies of the younger brother never failed to dispel the depression of 
spirits to which Theodore was sometimes subject." Frederick had five 
children : Susan Waterman, Oertrude Mercer, Dumont, Frederick, 
Theodore and Maria Louisa Elmendorf : 

(D. Susan, b. , d. , m. Willilm D. Waterman ; no children. 

(H). Gertrude, b. 7 Sept., 1814, d. 11 Oct., 1886, m. 7 July, 1835. Dr. Wm. 
T. Mercer; hadch.: Charlotte F. Mercer; Gertrude A. \Mercen 
Whitehead ; Frederick F Mercer ; Theodore F. Mercer ; William 
Mercer ; Archibald Mercer; Dumont Mercer. 
(ID). Dumont, b. 16 Feb., 1816, m. Martina Vanderveer (dau. of Judge); 
no children ; res. at Somerville, N. J. ; licensed as an attorney, 
Sept., 1838 ; as a counsellor, Nov., 1843 ; Clerk of Somerset Co., 
(IV). Frederick " T.", b. at Millstone, 4 Aug., 1817 ; graduated at 
Rutgers College, 1838 ; admitted to the bar, 1839 ; Counsel of the 
City of Newark, 1849-54 ; Counsel of C. R. R. of N. J., and of the 
Morris Canal and Banking Co.; member of Common Council of 
City of Newark, 1846 ; member of Peace Congress, which met in 
Washington, D. C. Feb., 1861 ; appointed by Gov. Olden Attorney- 
General of New Jersey, 1861-6 ; appointed again by Gov. Ward 
and reappointed by Gov. Parker ; appointed, and afterwards elected, 
U. S. Senator for part of a term ; re-elected for full term of 6 years, 
18—; nominated and elected Minister to Great Britain, which flat- 
tering offer was declined ; was again offered the English Mission 
by Pres. Hayes, and this second offer was also declined; appointed 
by President Arthur Secretary of State of U.S., 12 Dec., 1881. Mr. 

384 Early Germans of New Jersey 

F. during his career in Congress, was influential in getting Mr. 
Sumner's Civil Rights bill passed ; introduced the bill against 
polygamy ; secured the passage in the Senate of the bill to return to 
Japan, what is known as the Japanese Indemnity Fund ; took a 
prominent part in the Alabama controversy; delivered speeches 
in the French Anns controversy and upon the impeachment 
of Andrew Johnson ; was a member of the famous Electoral Com- 
mission of 1877. One, who knew Mr. F. well, says of him : " Fred- 
erick Frelinghuysen was born in Somerset Co., K. J., in 1818, but 
his father having died when he was quite young, he was taken to 
Newark and entered the household of his uncle Theodore (a mem- 
ber of the U. S. Senate 1830-36, afterwards Chancellor of the 
University of the City of N w York, and finally President of Rut- 
gers College, N. J.), by whom he was brought up. In the great 
wave of spiritual influence which swept over the country in 1837-8 
he was reached and after a long and severe struggle with his nat- 
ural pride was converted to the truth, to which he steadfastly ad- 
hered for the rest of his life. He had a quick and active mind, was 
capable of long and intense application, and speedily won a high 
place at the bar of N. J. He was endowed with the faculty of easy 
and persuasive speech, and this "with his acquired and hereditary 
character gave him great influence with juries, legislative bodies 
and popular assemblies, He had great personal dignity, and passed 
through life untouched by slander. He took a deep interest in 
philanthropic enterprises, and was especially interested in plans for 
the wider circulation of God's word, and at the time of his death 
was President of the Somerville Bible Society. He was a spiritual 
man, and exerted a quiet but decided influence upon his fellows at 
the bar and in the Senate, never being ashamed to speak in behalf 
of the Saviour whom he loved and served." Mr. Frelinghuysen m. 
Matilda E. Griswold (dau. of George) ; had ch. : 

1. Matilda G., m. H. Winthrop Gray. 

2. Charlotte Louise. 

3. Frederick. 

4. George Griswold, m. Sarah Ballantine ; has ch. : Peter B. and 

John Bancroft. 

5. Sarah Helen, m. John Davis ; has ch.: Matilda Elisabeth Davis 

and John Bancroft Davis. 

6. Theodore, m. Alice Coats ; has. oh. : one son, Frederick F. 

(V). Maria Louisa, b. 8 Mar., 1819, d. 6 Feb., 1890. m. John C. Elmen- 
dorf ; had one son, John E. Elmendorf. 
TV. MARIA, dau. of Gen. Frederick, b. Mar. 12, 1778, m. Rev. John Cornell. 
V. CATHARINE, dau. of Gen. Frederick, m. Rev. Gideon F. Judd, D. D., of 

VI. ELISABETH YARD, dau. of Gen. Frederick, m. James B. Elmendorf, M. 
D., of Millstone, N. J. 
VII. SARAH, dau. of Gen. Frederick, died young, about 18 years of age. 

Frey — Fritts 385 


HELNRICH FREY, whose will, Bedminster, 10 Jan., 1775, prob. 4 May, 1776, is the 
only one written and recorded in the German language, that the writer has 
found. The copyist was evidently unacquainted with the German and in 
consequence his copy is almost unreadable. All that can be made out with 
any probability is that Heinrich had nve children : 

IV. A daughter who m. Abraham Ludenss (Luckens or Luckengs). 

V. A daughter who m. Joseph SmidtB. 


FREDERICK FRITTS, b. 1732, Nov. 11, d. 1816, May 10, at 84, m. Cornelia Jewell, 
b. 1731, Sept. 18, d. 1816, May 2, at 85 ; had ch.: 
I. WILLIAM, m. Mary Abel (dau. of Andrew), b. 1760, d. 1829, April 10, 
at 69 ; had ch. : 

(I). Chbistena, b. 1783, Jan. 9, m. Wm. Alexander. 
(IT)- Maby, b. 1786, Dec. 28, m. Matthias Crater. 
(III). Cornelia, b. 1789, Feb. 18, m. Philip Weller. 
{TV). William, b. 1795, Feb. 11, m Althea Shurtz. 
(V). Margaret, b. 1798, June 11, m. Owen Larue. 
(VI). Elisabeth, hl Henry Hildebrant. 
II. FREDERICK, JR., b. 1759, m. Rachel Steinmets ; had ch.: 

(I). Benjamin, b. 1781, Nov. 11, m. Nancy Beavers (dau. of Geopge). 
(IT). William F., b. 1783, April 18, m. Rachel Bishop. 
(III). Maroaretta, b. 1785, Jan. 25, m. Henry I. Hoffman (8. of John). 
(IV). Fred. S , b. 1786, Oct. 22, m. Sarah Jones. 
(V). George, b. 1788, Oct. 28, m. Mary Derenberger <dau. of Phil). 
(VI). Rachel, b. 1791, Jan. 24, m. Jacob Derenberger (s. of Phil). 
(VTO. Thomas, b. 1793, Sept. 4, m. Elisabeth Hance (dau. of James). 
(VIIR. Morris: b. 1793 (!), Jan. 2, m. Cornelia Lunger. 
(IX). Jacob, b. 1799, Sept. 1, m. Elisabeth Apgar. 

III. GEORGE, b. 1765, June 9, m. Anna Abel (dau. of Michel) ; had ch. : 

(I). Christina, b. 1786, Oct. 13, m. Morris Cramer. 
(II). Fred., b. 1788, Jan. 4, died at about 20. 
(HI). Cornelia, b. 1789, Nov. 12, m. Sam. Johnson. 
(TV). John, b. 1792 (?), June 30. 
(V). Elisabeth, b. 1792, July 24, m. Peter Eveland. 
(VT). Catherine, b. 1795, Jan. 1, m. first, Phil. Crater ; second, Henry I. 

Hoffman (s. of John). 
(VII). George, b. 1796, April 1, m. Annie Martenis. 
(VIII). Annie, b. 1798, Aug. 1, unmarried. 
(IX). John A., b. 1800, Oct. 28, m. first, Elisabeth Banghart ; second, Julia 
(X). Jacob, b. 1802, May 26, m. Sarah Ann Drake. 

IV. MORRIS: hadch.: 

(I). William, b. 1791, Jan. 2, unmarried. 
(IT). Margaret Hazlet, b. 1793, Aug. 5, m. Geo. Martenis. 

386 E \rly Germans of New Jersey 

(III). Fred., b. 1796, Sept. 20, m. Elisabeth Martenis. 
(IV). Sarah, b. 1799, March 30, m Thomas Bowlby. 
(V). Susanna, b. 1803, July 23, m. first, Henry Pittenger ; second, John- 
son Snyder. 
(VT). Morris F., b. 1807, March 6, unmarried. 
(VII). Ira Jewell, b. 1810, Nov. 21, unmarried. 
CHARLES, m. Susanna White and had ch. : 
I. PETER, b. 1800, Oct. 20. 
II. JOSEPH, b. 1802, Sept. 18. 
HI. MARIA, b. 1805, May 5. 
IV. CHRISTENA, b. 1808, Dec. 21. 

V. SUSANNA, b. 1811, July 8. 
VI. SARAH, b. 1813, Nov. 25. 

VII. CHARLES, b. 1815, Nov. 15. All the above were baptised at Lebanon 
with their mother, 27 May, 1816, by Rev. Caspar Wack. 
VHI. MARY MAGDALENA, b. 1818, April 1. 

Miscellaneous — From Bethlehem or "Old Stone" cemetery ; Benjamin, Sr., 
d. 1855, Aug. 30, at 82. Nancy, wife of Benjamin, d. 1816, April 7, at 27. Nancy, 
wife of Benjamin, d. 1832, April 30, at 35. 


JOHN FRONE, [or From] b. 1761 ; d. 1880, Sept. 30, m. Eva Hendershot ; brought 
over by his mother, who came with Wm. Neiser, when he was about nine 
years old, 1770 ; had ch. : 

I. CONRAD, , m., 1812, Sept. 5, Catherine Gadschalk ; had ch.: 

(I). Elisabeth Jean Boeman, b 1813, July 12. 
(II). Anna, b. 1815, March 8. 
(UI). William. 
(TV). John. 
(V). Wilson. 
H. MARGARET, b. 1791, Nov. 13, m. John Roelofson. 
IH. ELISABETH, m. March, 1816, David Roelofson (s. of Isaac). 
IV. ANN, m. Ebenezer Stibbs, rem. to Ohio. 
V. SARAH, m. Daniel Thompson, res. at Mendham. 

VI. MARIA, b. 1800, July 23, m. Fred Hotrum, rem. to Ohio. 
VTI. EFFIE, m. Richard Sutton, res. in New York. 

Vm. JOHN, m. Catherine Naughright (dau. of William) ; had ch. : 
(I). William, unmarried. 
(H). Elisabeth, m. Hugh Bartley (s. of Hugh). 
(III). David, died young. 
(TV). Jacob, married Agnes Osborn. 
(V). Catherine, married Theodore Vannest. 
(VI). John N., married Laura Naughright. 
(VII). Mary, m. first, John BurreD ; second, Nicholas Neighbor (2d wife). 
(VliT). Emily, m. Isaac Horton. 
(IX). Anna Barbara, m. Silvester Bilbee. 
(X). Samuel, died young. 
(XI) . Alice, died young. 
(XII). Louisa, died young. 

Gray — Griffiths — Gulick 387 

IX. SOPHIA, m. Ezra Gray (3. of Richard), res. In New York. 
X CATHERINE GADSCHAT.K, b. 1812, March 9, m William Gray, res. in 
New York. 


RICHARD GRAY owned a farm near Flocktown, Schooley's Mountain ; m. a 
Schamp : had ch.: 1. John, b. 3 July, 1789, m. 22 Feb., 1803, Mary Trimmer 

(dau. of David) ; 2. Mahlon, b. 14 April, 1791, m. Lena DufTord (dau. of ) ; 

3. Jesse, b. 3 Jan., 1793, m. Elisabeth Sliker (dau. of Stephen); 4. Rance 
Hann, b. 6 Feb., 1795, m. Catherine Trimmer (dau. of George); had ch. : 
Ranee Hann, 2d (s. of Ranee Hann, 1st) , m. Elisabeth Weise (dau. of Jacob A. 
and widow of Samuel Welsh) ; [had ch. : Ann, died young ; Mary Welsh, m. 
Wiilard Apgar (9. of Nathan T.); Kate, m. Charles Slater; Leo, unm.]; 
5. Elisabeth, b. 24 March, 1799, m. a Pickle; 6. Arthur, b. 14 Jan., 1801, 
unm. ; 7. Richard, b. 3 July, 1803, m. a Coleman or Dufford ; 8. Ezra, m. 
Sophia Frone (dau. of John). 


JASPER, from Wales, b. 1648, d. 17 April, 1718, aged 70 ; m. Hannah, b. 1653 
(tombstone, Manchester, N. E.), d. 1701; name found in Deeds, 1679, 1709 ; 1686, 
Ave males and Ave females in family ; had ch. (Jfoore's Indexes oj Southold) : 

I. ROBERT, b. 1687, d. 28 March, 1729, at 43, m. first, Susannah, of Connec- 

ticut ; second, Lydia (who afterwards m. Joseph Conkling), 1732 ; had 

children : 

(I). Robert, perhaps had son Samuel, b. 1710 (?). 

(II). Samuel (fl, b. 1710 (perhaps a. of Robert, 1st). 

(III). John, b. 8 Jan., 1723 (!), m. Prudence Hallock in 1715, who after- 
wards m. David Howell, and had son John, d. 2. Nov., 1717. 
(IV). Jasper. 

(V). William, of New Jersey; first town clerk of Roxbury twp., Morris 
Co., N. J.; appointed March, 1741 ; had ch. (mentioned in his son 
William's will) : 

1. William, whose will, dated Roxbury twp., 17 March, 1763, prob. 

2 May, 1764 (Trenton 4, 435), names w., Hannah, father William, 
live brothers and ch. (1). John ; (2). Gabriel; (3). Sarah. 

2. Zadoc. 

3. Robert. 

4. Ebenezer, 

5. Jasper. 

6. Francis. 

II. SUSANNAH, m. Joseph Peck, 4 Oct., 1704 

III. EDWARD, m. first, Irene, d. 8 Nov., 1716 ; second, Sarah Meeker, on 1 

Oct, 1717 ; had five children. 

IV. JASPER, Jr., d. over 99, m. Ruth, rem. to Lynn, Conn. ; had four children. 


JOACHIM GDLT.CK, came from Holland, 1635, to Gravesend, L. I., where he took 
the oath of allegiance, 16^7. He is found at Six Mile Run, Somerset Co., 1717. 

388 Early Germans of New Jersey 

He had children : Benjamin ; Henry j John ; William. The three latter 
were proprietors of a stage line between Trenton and New Brunswick. 

JOHN (prob. third son of Joachim) , d. 1755, m. Rantsha ; was a Major in the 

Revolution ; his will, probated 1755, July 23, mentions ch. : Joachim, Ja- 
camyntia, Fernandus, John and Minrah. 
JOACHIM (prob. eldest son of John), d. 1779, m. Catherine ; his will, probated 
1779, July 28, mentions ch. : 1. Peter ; 2. Abram ; 3. John : 4. Joachim ; 5. 
William ; 6. Janitye ; 7. Ann ; and " my brother Ferdinandus." 
JOHN (prob s. of Joachim, 2d), b. 1753, May 28/ d. 1810, Feb. 8, m. Elisabeth 
I lemot ; had ch. : 
I. JOHN, bap. 1783, Dec. 28, m. Barbara Farley ; res. at New Germantown ; 
had ch.: 

(I). John W., b. 1805, Oct. 19, m. Margaret Dufford (dau. of Jacob). 
(II). James, b. 1810, July 21. 
(III). Elisabeth, b. 1811, Dec. 4. 

(TV). Charles Peter, b. 1813, July 5, m. Sarah Ann Clark. 
(V). Conrad, m. Emily Neiser. 

(VI). Margaret, m. Pickle. 

(VII). Cornelia, m. Ichabod Fisher. 
II. JOACHIM, b. 1785. Nov. 27, m.'Elisabeth Genther (dau. of John Henry) ; 
res. at New Germantown ; had ch. : 

(I). Elisabeth, b. 1806, March 6, m. Peter K. Mellick ; res. at Somerville. 
(II). Maria, unmarried. 

(HI). Amanda Margaret, b. 1812, Mar. 27, m. Jacob Welsh (s. of Jacob). 
(TV). Catherine, b. 1814, Oct. 9, m. John Todd ; res. at New Germantown. 
(V). John Henry, b. 1816, Nov. 10, died young. 
(VI). Rev. William, m. Cornelia Devisher ; settled over Lutheran Ch., 

Galoopville, New York. 
(VII). Ann, m. Henry Todd, brother to John. 
(VllI). Andrew, m. Eliza Vanderveer. 
III. WILLIAM, b. 1788, d. 1864, m. 1816, Jan. 20, Margaret Genther (dau. of 
John Henry) , b. 1787. d. 1882, at 96 yrs. ; res. at German Valley ; had ch. : 
(I). John, m. Julia Rightmyre ; res. at Flanders. 
(II). Charles, m. Elisabeth Hellebrant (dau. of Daniel); res. at High 

(ni). Henry, died young. 
(TV). Henrietta, m. Richard Schonheit. 

(V). Ebenezer Sherwood, m. Lucy ; rem. to Inriiann 

(VI). Elisabeth, m. John Eveland ; res. at Glen Gardner. 
(VII). Wm. Henry, m. Jane Searle ; rem. to Ohio. 
TV. PETER, m. Elisabeth Sutton (dau. of Adam) ; res. at Califon. 
V. JAMES, unmarried. 

VI. JANE, m. Apgar (s. of Conrad). 

VII. CATHERINE, m. Wm. Zuel, a Scotchman. 


Hagers or Morris and Warren Counties. 
Three brothers, Hans George Hegi, Johan Hagea and Jacob Hagea, came from 
Rotterdam on ship Dragon, landed at Philadelphia, 1732, Sept. 80. Tradition says 

Hagers 389 

that two brothers settled in New Jersey and a third went to New York State. It 
is also claimed that a brother of those in German Valley founded Hagerstown, 
Maryland. Jonathan was the name of the founder of that place. 
JOHANNES HAGER leased farm on Budd tract; bought at German Valley the 
Tunis Trimmer farm, before 1759 (1770 ?) ; his name on Foxenberger (Fox Hill) 
salary list for ten shillings, before 1749 ; letters of administration of his estate 
granted to Lawrence Hager, June 3, 1765 ; had ch. : 
I. LAWRENCE, b. 1735, Nov. 14, (Mar. 15 ?), m. 1757, March 3, Mary Cath- 
erine Sharp (dau. of John Peter) , b. 1741, Feb. 2 ; had ch. : 
(I). Capt. John Jr., b. 1759, Feb. 21, d. 1799, July 17, m. 1785, March 3, 
Annie Cramer (dau. of Matthias), b. 1766, Dec. 28, d. May IS, 1839 ; 
had ch. : 

1. John Lawrence, b. 1786, Sept. 15, m. 1813, Mar. 8, Annie Mary 

Sharp (dau. of John Peter, 2d) ; had ch. : 

(1). Anoeline, b. 1814, May 6, d. 1889, Mar. 10, m. McEvers For- 
man ; res. at Easton. 

(2). John Sharp Hager, b. 12 Mar., 1816, d. 19 Mar., 1S90, grad. 
from Princeton College, 1836 ; student of law with Hon. 
J. W. Miller ; admitted to the bar, 1840 ; commenced prac- 
tice at Morristown. In 1849 Mr. H. emigrated to Califor- 
nia, where he at first engaged in mining operations. He 
soon settled in San Francisco and resumed the practice of 
his profession. Elected State Senator of California, 1856 ; 
State District Judge for six years, 1855. He afterwards 
spent two years in foreign travel. In 1865 and again in 
1867, he was elected to the State Senate. In October, 1872, 
he married Elisabeth, daughter of the late Jas. H. Lucas, 
a prominent citizen of St. Louis, whose family came from 
Normandy, France. He was elected to the V. S. Senate 
and took his seat 9 Feb., 1874. He took an active part in 
the business of that body and showed the same force of 
character there, that had marked hi3 influence in all his 
varied public life. 

(3). Jacob Miller, b. 1818, April 6, d. , m. Addie Hunt (dau. 

of Ralph) ; had two children, Mary E. , m. Matthias T. 
Welsh and Lillie S., unmarried. 

(4). Ltdia, b. 1820, Mar. 16, m. a Knight 

2. George, b. 1789, Mar. 13, d. 1793, Jan. 30. 

3. Annie Mart, b. 1791, Feb. 24, d. 1868, Jan. 15, m. Andrew Weise 

(s. of Jacob). 

4. Morris, b. 1795, Dec. 27 ; killed by runaway horse. 

(IT). Lawrence Jr., b. 1762, July 27, probably m. Mary Sharp, b. 1779, d. 
1854, April 8 ; no children. Left Mrs. Hager's place to his nephew 
Lawrence (s. of Jacob), and M. T. Welsh's place to his nephew 
William (s. of John). 
(III). Jacob, b. 1765, Sept. 20 ; had ch.: 

1. Elisabeth, m. 1805, Dec. 28, David M. Kline. 

2. Anna C, m. 1812, Feb. 27 (?), David Sharp (s. of John, 2d). 

3. Mart, b. 1791, m. John Sharp (s. of John, 2d). 

4. William, inherited the M T. Welsh farm from his uncle Lawrence. 

390 Early Germans of New Jersey 

(IV). Wtt.t.tam, b. 1769, Feb. 24. 

(V). Morris, b. 1778, Jan. 15. 
(VI). George, b. 1773, March 5. 
II. JOHN, b. 1738, Nov. 14, m. Elisabeth Weise (dau. of Philip) ; bought, 1763, 

property at Drakestowii, and kept a tavern there, as early as 1792 ; had 

a son John, born 1788 ; moved away. 

III. ELISABETH, b. 1742, Sept. 19, d. 1791, m. first, Matthias Sharpenstine (s. 

of Morris) ; second, John Alpock, of Cokesburg. 

IV. CATHERINE, b. 1746, Nov. 27. 

V. JACOB, b. 1750, April 30, m. Sophia Neighbor (widow of Leonard, 2d) ; bis 
will, dated, 1790, April 4, prob. April 25 ; had ch : 
(I). Elisabeth, b. 1789, June 12, m. Francis Anthony ; inherited the John 

Labar place, near Newberg, Warren Co. 
(II). Mart, b 1790, Dec. 31 ; died young. 
(III). William, died young. 
(TV). Annie. 
VI. GEORGE, b. 1754, Oct. 3, m. Annie Fanger ; bought, 1796, 330 acres of 
land (Beswick tract), above Springtown ; had ch. : 

(I). William, b. 1781, Aug. 15, d. 1847, Feb. 4, m. 1812, Mary Rarick 
(dau. of Conrad, 2d), b. 1788, Jan. 25 ; had ch. : 

1. Elisabeth, died young. 

2. John, died young. 

3. A babe, died young. 

4. Mart, m. J. Vandervort Stryker, in 1849 ; no children. 
(II) . David, m. Ann Rolof son ; rem. to Brookfield, Ohio. 

(HI). Elisabeth, b. 1787, July 23, m. John Bilbee. 
(TV). George, b. 1791, April 11 ; unmarried. 

(V). Isaac, b. 1798, Nov. 28, m. Catherine Jones (widow of Vincent Run- 
yon) ; removed to Brookfield, Ohio. 
(VI). Susan, unmarried. 
(VII). Moses, m. Perninah Cyphers. 
VII. DAVID, b. 1759, July 25, m. Elisabeth ; had ch. : 

(I). John Lawrence, b. 1784, Oct. 15 ; removed to Ohio. 
(II). David. 

(III). Susan, m. John Taylor. 

(IV). Mart Ann, m. a Mesner, who removed to Ohio. 
(V). Sophia. 

(VI). Sarah, m. Seth Clark. 
(VII). Isaac. 

(VHI). Elisabeth, b. 1778, m. Jacob Dufford (probably s. of Matthias). 
JACOB HAUGE (or Hager, prob. a brother of Johannes of German Valley), of 
Oxford (then) Sussex Co., names in his will, 1756, Feb. 4, prob. 1757, March 4, 
wife Anna Maria and children : 
VII. MARGARET ELISABETH, and as executor, Philip Fromme. 



Hagers op Holland Township, Hunterdon County. 
NICHOLAS Hager is said to have lived in Morris Co., N. J., but no trace of such 
a name appears in the family of German Valley, who all descended from a 
John. Nicholas is also said to have had a brother who lived in Bucks Co., Pa., 
probably in Bedminster, and founded Hagerville. This brother had two sons, 
one a lawyer and another a doctor. Nicholas had at least three, John, Feltet 
and Peter. 
JOHN, the first of these, b. 1743, d. 1810, m. Mary Troch and served in the Revo- 
lutionary war. He moved to Nochamixon, Pa., where he lived until 1800, when 
he came to Holland twp., upon the farm now belonging to Jacob Robbins, which 
he rented for ten years. This land was conveyed to his son, John, 1811, April 
15 ; it was part of Parker's lot No. 26 ; John had children : 
I. PHILIP, who had children : 
il). John. 
(III. Abraham. 
(III). Ralph. 

(IV). Peter, m. Mary Rapp. 
(V). Susan. 
(VT). Mary. 

(VII). Elisabeth, m. Samuel Severs. 
(VTH). Hannah, m. Levi Zearfoss. 
(LX). Sarah, m. Lewis Segeaves. 
II. JOHN, m. Mary Trauger ; had ch. : 
(I). Samuel. 
(ID. John. 
(III). Levi. 
(IV). Christopher. 
(V). Elisabeth. 
(VI). Catherine. 
(VII). Mary. 
(VTH). Julian. 
(IX). Sarah. 

III. PETER, m. Carlotte Zearfoss ; had ch. : 

(I). Michel, m. Sallie Taylor. 

(II). John, m. Elsie Bellis. 
(HI). William, m. Elisabeth Fraley. 
(rV). Henry, m. Sarah Hamlin. 

(V)— (VII). Margaret, Mary and Susan, unmarried. 

IV. GEORGE, m. first, Salome Rapp ; second, Sarah Dimmick ; had ch. : 

(I). Mary Ann, m. Nelson AngeL 
(II). Jacob, m. Elisabeth Robbins. 
(III). Mary, m. Jacob Rapp. 
(IV). George W., m. Amy Bloom. 
(V). Mahlon, m. first, Margaret Snyder ; second, Lizzie Pursel. 
(VI). Sarah, m. Jacob V. Cooley. 
(VII). Lydia Ann, m. Diullious Vanderbilt. 
V. CHRISTOPHER, m. Susan Dimmick ; had ch. : 
(I). John D., m. Selinda Kooker. 
(II). George A., m. Hannah Wright. 
(III). Francis M., ra. Catherine Ann Ulmer. 

$g? Early Germans of New Jersey 

(TV). Cornelius, unmarried. 
(V). David O., m. Eliza Vanderbilt. 
(VI). Amy, unmarried. 
VI. ELISABETH, m. John Btarner. 
VII. MART, m. Enos Clark. 
VIII. MARIA, died young. 
IX. JACOB, d. on his way to school. 

Hagebs of Bedfoed County, Penn. 
JOHN HAUOER, b. 1749, d. 1813, Dec. 6, m. Maria Barbara Miller, b. 1749, April 
6, d. 1826, May 11 ; came from Hagerstown, Maryland, to Somerset Co., Penn., 
1793 ; then rem to Bedford Co., Pa. His parents came from Prussia to Phila., 
then to Hagerstown, when he was 13 years of age (?) ; spell their name Hauger. 
The historian of Hagerstown says the first Hager to come there was Jonathan, 
who came from Philadelphia ; he knew nothing more about him. John's chil- 
dren were : 
I. JOHN, m. Hannah Shultz. 
H. DANIEL, m. Susan Cramer, 
in. SIMON, m. Maggie Smith. 
IV. LIZZIE, m. Michel Cober. 

V. JACOB, b. 1788, June 4, d. 1862, Sept. 23, m. Elisabeth Knepper. 
VI. HENRY, m. first, Barbara Horner ; second, Sarah Buckley. 
VII. JOSEPH, m. Susan Baker. 
VIII. WILLIAM, m. Barbara Hay. 
IX. BARBARA, m. a Dunham. 

The Hager family seems to consist of many branches, or more probably there 
are many families of the same name. Some came to this country before 1700, and 
settled in New England. There are many of this name on the list of emigrants, 
who arrive at Phila. from 1727-1776. Judge T. S. Hager, born in German Valley, 
who died in California, found that the name is correctly spelled, Hager, and sig- 
nifies "lean," "haggard." Families of this name are found in books of heraldry 
possessing rank and having coats of arms, and belonging to Austria, Bavaria and 

Capt. John Hager, a Revolutionary soldier, went from Scholarie Co. to what 
is now the town of Hector, Schuyler Co., N. Y., about 1798. He was the youngest 
of nine brothers, and married Nancy Patchen. He had a son Peter, b. 1784, d. 
1854, who was Sheriff, Senator and Judge of Court of Appeals in N. T. State. He 
had a son, P. C. Hager, now living at Suffern, N. Y. 


JAMES HAINES (Haynes, Haines or Hinds, as it was sometimes written) , came to 
Salem, Mass., from England, as early as 1637 ; freeman of Salem ; married in 
1638, and rem. to Southold a few years after its settlement ; died there, 1652-3; 
his widow, Mary, m. Ralph Dayton in June, 1656; had ch.: 1. John, bap. 
Salem Aug. 22, 1699 ; 2. James, 2d, bap. Salem. April 6, 1641 ; 3. Benjamin, 
1st, bap. Salem, Aug. 28, 1643 ; 4. Mary, bap. Salem April 19, 1644 ; James, 
b. Dec. 26, 1647 ; 6. Jonathan ; 7. Sarah ; 8. Thomas. 

BENJAMIN, 1st (s. of James, 1st), bap. in Salem 1643, d. 1687, m. Joanna Jen- 
nings ; he was among the first settlers of Southampton L. I. ; came from Lynn, 
Mass., with 46 others ; had ch. : 1. Benjamin, 2d, d. 1714; 2. Samuel ; 3. 

Haines 393 

James, 3d, b. 1672 or 1673, d. Sept. 6, 1732, at Bridgehampton ; 4. Hannah ; 5. 
JAMES, 3d, (s. of Benjamin, 1st) m. first, Sarah, b. 1667, d. Dec. 21, 1721 ; second, 
Temperance ; had ch. : 1. James, 4th, b. 1702 ; 2. Stephen, b. 1704, removed 
to Elisabeth, N. J.; 3. Daniel : 4. Ann, m. a Newcomb ; 5. Sarah, married 
a Woodruff : 6. Phebe, m. a Balding ; 7. Edith. 
JAMES, 4th is. of James. 3d), b. 1702, d. Dec. 81, 1779, at 82 (?) ; lived at Bridgehamp- 
L. I. ; will prob. July 3, 1782 j m. Martha Topping (dau. of Hezekiah) ; had ch. : 
Sarah, Elisabeth, james, 5th, Davtd, Samuel, Daniel. 
JAMES, 5th, (s. of James, 4th), b. Oct. 6, 1734, d. Nov. 29, 1787 (?), m. Mary Halsey, b. 
March 8, 1735, d. Dec. 2, 1815 ; will, 1803, April 1 , prob. March 5. 1807: "To 
my son Jared the land which I purchased of Caleb Swayze. To my four 
daughters and my granddaughter, Mary Halsey. the plantation on which I live, 
and which I purchased of Jonathan Acker;" had ch. 
I. JARED. b. Bridgehampton, L. I., Nov. 1, 1766, d. Newark, May 25, 1852 ; 
came to Black River, Morris Co., N. J.. July, 1783 ; m. first. Dec. 22, 
1790, Huldah Howell idau. of Elias and Abigail), b. July 12, 1767, d. Oct. 
22, 1810 : second, Mehitable Woodhull dau. of Rev. William, of Black 
River, Morris County, N. J.) ; had ch. by his first wife : 
(I) . Job, b. Oct. 20, 1791 ; graduated at Princeton College ; studied medi- 
cine ; rem. to Dayton, O. ; ruling elder First Presbyterian Church 
of that place ; leaving one dau., Harriet, m. Frank Mulford. 
(ID. Stephen Rogers, b. Oct. 27, 1763, d. Newark. N. J., Feb. 15, 1865, 
m. first, Minerva Topping ; second, Harriet Baldwin, d. 1S71, 
March 14 ; had ch. by his first wife : 

1. Charles Stewart. 

2. Job. 

3. Stephen. Children by his 2d wife : 

4. Huldah Elisabeth, m. Rev. James Brewster; had ch. : (1). 

Harriet Haines ; l2r. Elizabeth: i3). James Chester. 

5. Jared, b. April 7, 1843. 

(III). Merinda, b. Jan. 20, 1796. d. Oct. 31, 1863, m. John C. Emory. 
(IV). Ruth, b. May 11, 1798, d. Missouri, m. L. Green. 
(V). Cynthia, b. May 28, I860, d. Oct. 9, 1830, m. O. H. Henry. Children 

by second wife : 
(VT). James, d. in Austin, Texas. 

(VII). William, d. while a student at Princeton College. 
(VIII). Mart. 
n. AMY, m. James Halsey. 

III. RUTH, m. William Woodhull. 

IV. DEMARUS, ra. Abraham Dickerson. 
V. ELISABETH, m. John Woodruff. 

STEPHEN (s. of James 3d), b. 1704, m. Esther ; lived at Elisabeth, N. J.; had ch.: 

Stephen, b, 1733 ; Phebe, b. 1741 ; Mart, b. 1747. 
STEPHEN (s. of Stephen and Esther), b. Feb. 11, 1733, m. Joanna Sale, b. Dec. '25, 
d. March 21, 1802 : had ch. : 
I. JOB, b. Aug. 10, 1756. 
II. STEPHEN, b. July 7, 1760 ; no children, 
in. JOANNA, b. Jan. 14, 1763. 
IV. ELIAS, b. Dec. 31, 1766, d. Oct. 11, 1824, m. Sarah Ogden (dau. of Robert, 

394 Early Germans of New Jersey 

of Sparta, N. J.) ; had ch. 

(I). Sarah, m. Thomas C. Doremus. 
(II). Elisabeth, m. J. C. Nixon. 

(IV). Daniel, b. New York City, Jan. 6, 1801 ; d. Hamburg, N. J., Jan. 26, 
1877 ; graduated at Princeton College, 1820 ; Btudied law with 
Judge T. C. Ryerson ; attorney, 1823 ; counsellor, 1826, sergeants 
at- law, 1827 ; settled at Hamburg, 1824 ; member of Council (now 
called Senate), N. J. ; Governor, 1843 and 1847 ; Judge of Supreme 
Court, N. J., 1852-66 ; m. first, Anna Maria Austin (dau. of Alan- 
son, of Warwick, N. T.), June 88, 1827, b. Oct. 11, 1802, d. Dec. 8, 
1844 ; u .. second, Mary Townsend, of Newark ; had ch. by his first 
wife : 

1. Rev. Alanson Austin, b. 18 March, 1X30, d. 11 Dec, 1891 ; the 

well-known and greatly beloved pastor for twenty-five years of 
Presbyterian Church of Hamburg, Sussex Co., N. J. 

2. Capt. Thomas. 

3. Sarah. 

4. Henrietta. 

(IV). Henrietta, of New York City. 
V. DANIEL, b. 26 Feb., 1773 ; nochildren. 
TSee History Long Island, B. F. Thompson, pub. by French, 1839 ; Mather's 
Magnalia. London, 1702 ; Mass. Hist. Soc. Collectio s, B. K. 3, p. 95 ; Doc. History 
New York). 

Miscellaneous — Married Nov. 9, 1687, John Haines to Elisabeth Browne (New 
York Rec); John and James, sons of the emigrant Jakes, moved to Elizabeth- 
town, N. J. 


THOMAS HALL died in New York, 1670. An Englishman who had joined with 
others from New England in an attempt upon the Dutch colony at the mouth of 
the Delaware river, and was taken prisoner and sent to New York. In 1659, Nov. 
15, he received from the Dutch Government a patent for land at Deutel 
(Turtle) Bay ; probably m. in New York, 17 Nov., 1641, Anna Mitford. In 
1654, he is said to have erected a house on a bill near the present Beekmnn 
street. His heirs sold it afterwards to William Beekman. 

THOMAS (prob. s. of Thomas, 1st), bought of Marion Campbell (wife or widow of 

Johnl s. of Neil Campbell), 150 acres for £350, situated in twp., Somerset 

Co., N. J. THOMAS was probably the one who (according to Kingston, N. Y., 
Records) was born in Kingston, resided at Marbleton, and m. 6 July, 
1699, Geertje (Gertrude) Elting ; came to Somerset Co. 1704. Bus will, 
Raritan twp , 30 Dec., 1728, prob. 10, Sept., 172y, names w. Geertruy (Ger- 
trude) , and ch. : John, Richard, Jacominca, Catherine and Elisabeth. We 
add to these the names of his children that were bap. a'. Kingston, N. Y., and 
Somerville, N. J.: 1. Jaerds [George Q, bap. [Kingston, N. Y.], 17 March, 
1700 ; 2. Elisabeth, bap. [Kingston, N. Y.], 16 Nov., 1701 ; 3. Jan, bap. [Kings- 
ton, N. Y.], 31 Oct., 1703 ; 4. Katfelt, bap. [Somerville Records] 27 Oct., 1704 ; 
5. Richard; 6. Jacominca ; 7. Katarina, bap. [Somerville Records] 6 Aug., 
1712 ; 8. Tammas [Thomas], bap. [Somerville Records], 9 Oct., 1714. 

JOHN (s. of Thomas), bap. 31 Oct., 1703, at Marbletown, N. Y., d. 29 Oct., 1760, at 
63 ; buried, with his wife, in Van Campen Cemetery, near Branchville, Somer- 

Hall 395 

set Co., N. J.; sold in 1740 to Cornelius Van Campen, 240 acres, including the 
burying ground on the farm, now belonging to Peter Van Campen ; m. Magda- 
lene Gouveneur (dau. of Isaac and Sarah), b. 1703, d. 12 Aug., 1775, at 72 ; had 
children : 

I. JACOMYNTJE, bap. 25 Dec., 1739. 
II. ANNAETJE, bap. 12 Jul v, 1741. 

III. JORIS (George), bap. 31 Oct., 1742, m. Elisabeth ; had ch.: 1. Jan, bap. 

17 Dec., 1769 ; 2. Magdalena, bap. 10 Nov. 1771. 

IV. WILLIAM, Sen., b. 18 Oct., 1745, d. 31 Aug., 1819 ; his will, 20 July, 

prob. 2 Sept. 1819, names wife, Sarah, and ch. : 1. William, perhaps m. 12 
June, 1789, Mary Bellis ; 2. Thomas, had a son, William : 3. Isaac, m. 
Jude Van Fleet, and had Elisabeth, bap. 19 June, 1785 ; 4. John ; 5. 
Joseph ; 6. Samuel, bap. 14 March, 1773 ; 7. Magdalena ; 8. Aletta ; and 
Peggy Brewer, dau. of William Brewer. 
V. JOHN W., had ch.: 1. William, went West ; 2. Dennis, res. at North 
Branch ; 3. Isaac ; 4. Helena ; 5. Aletta, m. Isaac Stryker ; 6. Catharine, 
m. Leonard Bunn. 
RICHARD (s. of Thomas and Gertrude), prob. m. Elizabeth Ten Eyck, and had 
children : 
I. REBECCA, bap. 19 March, 1748. 
II. ELISABETH, bap. 30 June, 1751. 

TV. TOBIAS, m. Sara ; had children : 
(I). Elisabeth, bap. 3 Feb., 1769. 
(II). Ann, bap. 14 Oct., 1770. 
(HI). Richard, bap. 14 March, 1773. 

(TV). (?) Tobias, m. Charity Dilts (dau. of Morris) ; res. at Stanton, Hun- 
terdon Co. ; had ch. : 

1. Catherine, b. 4 Sept., 1793. 

2. Morris, b. 17 Dec., 1796, d. 25 Feb., 1864. 

3. Tobias. 

4. Herbert. 

5. Daniel. 

6. Abraham, m. Mary Castner idau. of John), res. at Parker, 

Morris Co., and had ch. : David, unm. ; Julia, died young; 
William, res. at Parker ; Mary, died young ; Nancy, died 
young ; Joseph W., res. at German Valley, m. Louise Beam 
(dau. of William) ; Morris, res. at Hackettstown, unm. ; Charity, 
m. David Pickle (dau. of Minard) . 

7. William. 

8. Mrs. William Allegar. 

9. Mrs. Samuel Sware. 

GEORGE HALL, prob. the came as Joris Haal, of Kingston, N. Y., who m. .9 

Aug , 1703, Oeycke (or Ontje) Mauritste (or Mauris) ; prob. rem. to New 

Jersey about 1707 ; had ch. bap. at Kingston, to which we add the names of 

ch. bap. at Somerville, and those found in will of George, dated 24 Sept., 1748, 

prob. 20 April, 1752 : 

I. GEORGE, Jr., bap. Kingston, 3 Sept., 1704, prob. m. Blandina Ryerson, 

and had ch : 1. Anne, bap. 14 April, 1734 ; 2. George, bap. 28 March, 1736; 

3. Maritje, bap. 9 Jan., 1738 ; 4. Joseph, bap. 8 Aug., 1741 ; 5. Joseph, 

39° Early Germans of New Jersey 

bap. 3 Oct., 1747. 
II. ENGEL, bap. Kingston, 27 Oct., 1706. 
in. HENRY, bap. 27 April, 1709, m. Neeltje Cock, and had ch. : 1. George, 
bap. 1 Dec., 1734 ; 2. John, bap. 11 July, 1736 ; 3. Eendrick, bap. 5 Aug., 
1738 ; 4. Oetje, bap. 10 May, 1741 ; 5. Mary, bap. 26 Feb., 1744 ; 6. 
Thomas, bap. 27 April, 1746. 
TV. NEELTJE, had daus. ; named in her father's will, Otie and Mary. 
V. EDWARD, bap. 9 Oct., 1714, m. Catherine Cock ; his will, 31 July, prob. 
21 Aug., 1784, names ch.: 1. Anne, bap. 5 May, 1745 ; 2. George, bap. 3 
May, 1747: 3. Geertruy (Gertrude), bap. 7 Oct., 1753; 4. Thomas; 5. 
Henry ; 6. Anna, m. Abraham Titsworth : 7. Gianehe, m. John Van 
VI. ANGELTJE, m. Dirck Middagh. 
IX. MARY, m. Thomas Cock. 

Miscellaneous— Samuel, m. Gertie, and had ch. (Somerville Records) : Elisa- 
beth, bap. 29 July, 1718 ; William m. Dorothea Douw, and had ch. : Andreas. 
bap. 21 Aug.., 1737 ; Thomas, bap. 25 Dec., 1739 ; John, bap. 10 June, 1744. 


HENRY HANCE, b. 1737, d. 1813, Aug. 3, m. Catherine , b. 1741, May 18, d. 

1807, Nov. 18. " Four soldiers of the British Army held prisoners in this sec- 
tion, hearing of the approaching peace, and that they would be taken back to 
England, effected their escape, and made their way to Musconetong Valley. 
One was Judge Robertson's father, another was grandfather of James Hance." 
(History of Morris County ) The dates of birth of Henry's children, however, 
contradict this. He had ch. (order uncertain) : 
I. MARY, b. 1761, Nov. 11, d. 1841, April 9; unm. 

H. ANNA, m. Painter. 

HI. WILLIAM, b. 1767, Sept. 19, d. 1858, Sept. 11, m. Elisabeth Hann, b. 1785, 
March, d. 1875, March 14 ; had ch. : 
(I). Catherine, b. 1804, July 1, m. James Sleicher. 
(II). Mart b. 1806, June, m. John Ketcham. 
(III). Rachel, b. 180S, June 2, m. Jacob Marlatt (s. of William). 
(IV). Jambs, b. 1809, Nov. 13 ; m. Cornelia McCrae. 
(V). Ann, b. 1811, March 18, m. Daniel Wyckoff (s. of John). 
(VI). Philip, b. 181S, July 14, m. Euphemia Pittinger. 
(VII)) Emeline, b. 1815, April 12, m. James Martin. 
(Vni). Jane, b. 1817, m. Jonah Osborn (s. of Elisha). 
(IX). Elisabeth, b. 1819, unm. 

(X). William, b. 1821, March, m. Margaret Beatty (dau. of William). 
(XI). Sarah, b. 1823, Sept., m. John B. Fisher (s. of James). 
(XII). Joseph, b. 1826 June, 18, m. Fanny Beatty (dau. of William). 
(XIII). Margaret, b. 1827, July 28, m. John Ayres. 
TV. JOHN, b. 1768, d. 1846. Nov. 26, m. Elisabeth Boyd, b. 1781, d. 1851, March 
31 ; had children : 
(1). John. 
(II). Annie, m. William Shields. 

Hance — Hann 397 

(III). James. 
(IV). Philip. 
V. HENRY, res. at Old Straw Church, near Easton. 
VI. JAMES, b. 1772, Sept. 27, d. 1857, Oct. 16, m. Mary Hann, b. 1779, Nov. 
22, d. 1846, Sept 30. 

(I). Henry, m. first, Mary Lunger ; second, ; had ch. (one by first 

wife, and three by second) : 1. Jacob, m. Julia A. Hoffman ; 2. 
Ann, m. Peter Waters ; 3. James, m. Rachel Hann (dau. of Jacob) ; 
4. Neiohbor. 
(II.) Annie, m. David Neighbor is. of Leonard, 3d). 
(HI). Elisabeth, m. Thomas Fritts. 
(IV). Clarissy, m. Daniel Schleicher. 


WILLIAM HANN (originally Henn and Hahni, o. about 1704, d. 1794, Feb. 10, 

m. Elsie , b. about 1701, d. 1791, Aug. 9 ; nad ch. : 

I. JOSEPH, b. 1734, Jan. 23. 

LL WILLIAM, b. 1738, d. 1809, Feb. 1, m. Anna Maria Sharp (dau. of John 
Peter 1st), b. 1746, d. 1827, July 20 ; had ch. : 

(I). Lawrence, b. 1765, m. Mary Hann (dau. of John), d. 1849, Nov. 22 ; 

had ch. : 1. Amanda ; 2. Mary, unmarried ; 3. Xelson, unmarried. 

(II). Mart, b. 1771, Jan. 10, d. 1865, Feb. 9. m. Rev. H. W. Hunt (2d w.). 

(III). Elisabeth, m. Johnson. 

(IV). Catherine, b. 1774, Oct. 10, m. Ramsey. 

(V). Ann Catherine, b. 1776, Mar. 28, m. Arndt. 

(VI). Peter, b. 1776, Mar. 28. 
III. JACOB, m. Catherine Colver Idau. of Robert) ; bad ch. : 

(I). Philip, d. at about 65 ; will dated 1821, Jan. 19, and prob. Feb. 17; 
m. Catherine Lawrence ; had ch. : 

1. Mart, b. 1779, Dec. 10, m. Jas. Hance Is. of Henry). 

2. Jacob, b. 1782, June 22, d. 1867, m. first, Susan Gerry ; second, 

Margaret Hann (widow) ; had ch. : 

(1). Ann. 

(2). Eliza. 

(3). Clarissa. 

(4). Ellen. 

(5). Jane. 

(6). Philip H., b. 1819, Aug. 6, m. 1845, Caroline C. Dunham 
Idau. of Rev. Johnson); President of National Bank at 
Washington, N. J. ; had three sons and three daughters : 
Mary, m. Rev. S. W. Gehrett ; Augustus P., res. at Wash- 
ington, N. J.; Louis J., res. at Asbury, N. J. 

(7). Tamzen. 

(H). Jacob. 

(9). Rachel (by 2d wife). 

(10). John. 

3. Elisabeth, b. 1786, Mar. 25, m. Wm Hance (s. of Henry). 

4. John, b. 1788, Oct. 1, m. Margaret ; had ch.: 

398 Early Germans of New Jersey 

(1). Philip, m. Elisabeth Trimmer. 

(2). Mart, m. Samuel Johnson : res. at Newton. 

(3). Jacob, unmarried. 

(4). Silvester, m. Hardy. 

(5). William, m Eliza Terriberry (dau. of John); had ch. : 
Clarissa, died young ; Alfred, m. Sarah Steward ; Man- 
tins, m. Amanda Hann (dau. of William) ; Jacob, m. Mary 
Trimmer (dau. of Anthony) ; Mary, m. Imly Steward ; 
Lawrence, died young ; Edna, m. John Vanatta ; Sydney, 
m Mary Hance (dau. of William). 

5. Philip, Jr., b. 1791, Jan. 11, m. Groff. 

(II). William, m. first, ; second, widow Lunger ; had ch. : 

1. Maurice. 

2. William Maurice. 

3. Arthur. 

(III). Mart Ann, m. Philip Terriberry. 

(IV). Elisabeth, m. John Hockenberry. 

IV. JOHN, b. 1747, d. 1838, July 8, m. Anna Dimet Sharp (dam of John Peter, 

1st), b. 1755, d. 1822, Oct. 6 ; had ch.: 

(I). Anna Dimet, b. 1774, May 14. 

(II). William, b. 1776, Aug. 11, m. Mary Swayze ; had ch. : 
1. Elisabeth, only child. 
(HI). Mart, b. 1779, May 28, d. 1860, Feb. 2, m. Lawrence Hann (b. of Wm.). 


JOHN HARTRAM (or Hotrum), b. 1721, d. Aug., 1784, at 63 (Litih. Ch. Bk.); 
had at least two ch. : 
I. FREDERICK, rem. to Newfoundland, Sussex Co., N. J., and had 

Edward, George and Fred. 
II. GEORGE, b. about 1742. d 1831, at 89, m. Catherine Dufford, dau. George 
Stephen : had ch. : 

(I). Frederick, m. Charity Potter, s. Daniel ; had ch.: Hannah, m. 
Peter Apgar (s. of William); Oeorge; b. 15 Oct., 1811, m. Elisabeth 
A. Harrison ; Daniel m. first, a Johnson, widow of John Hummer ; 
second, Catherine Parks, widow of a Sutton ; John, died a babe ; 
Willi-.m, m. Rachel Woolever ; John, m. Lenore Rose ; Aaron m. 
Ann Eick. (dau. of George) ; Frederick, went West ; Catherine, m. 
Will Y. Burrells. 
(II). Elisabeth, m. Peter Philhower. 
(HI). Maria, m. Fred. Hoffman (s. of Henry). 
(TV) . Conrad, m. Phebe Johnson ; rem. to Pennsylvania ; had Oeorge, 

Ann and Rachel. 
(V). Catherine, m. John Schuyler, of Flocktown, Morris Co., N. J. 


ANDREW HEATH, interpreter for the Indians in South Jersey in 1703. Tradition 
says that there were 4 brothers, of whom one was killed in a quarrel at Trenton, 

Heath 399 

and another rem. to Canada. Richabd, of Bethlehem, and Andrew, of Am- 
well, were voters of Hunterdon Co., 1738. Andrew's will, prob. Amwell, 17 
Dec., 1745, names wife Mary and ch. : Andrew; John, pern, buried at Lam- 
ington, X. J., b. 1723, d. 1806 ; Richard, m. pern. Catherine Rettinghouse idau. 
of William); David; Timothy lyoungest son and not of age at date of his 
father's will, 1745) ; Elisabeth ; Mary ; Catherine ; Sarah, 
DAVID, son of Andrew, was probably the father of 

JOSEPH, b. 1762, d. 1825, at 63 ; came from Amwell to Schooley's Mountain ; 
bought the Colver place of the late William Marsh ; commenced by keeping 
boarders in his own house and finally kept a place of general resort for people 
from Philadelphia and other places; gave his name to what is now known as 
the Heath House ; his son-in-law succeeded him and made the Schooley's Moun- 
tain Spring one of the most fashionable summer resort of the country. Joseph 
Heach was married 31 May, 1785, by Rev. Mr. Frazer, at AmwelL, to Sarah 
Robbins, b. 1770, d. 1840, at 64 ; they had ch. : 
I. DAVID, had no children. 
IL JOHN ROBBIES, b. 27 April, 1790, m. Barbara Crater (dau. of Philip), b. 
30 April, 1790, d. 5 May, 1869, at 73 ; lived on the Mine Hill farm, now 
belonging to William Marsh, which originally belonged to David Heath. 
John R. had ch. : 
(I). Mary, b, 1812, m. Jacob Swayze (s. of Israel); lived on the farm 

back of the Heath House. 
(II). Sarah, b. 1814, m. Abraham Van Doren (s. of Abrahamj. 
(SJD. Livtnia, b. If24, m. Hugh Menagh as his first wife. 
(IV). Joseph, b. 1827, m. Harriet C. Pierson. 
(V). Edwin, b. 1829, died young. 


IV. JOSEPH, b. 1805, m. Elisabeth. 
V. MARY, unmarried. 

VL SARAH, unmarried. 
VII. LEVINIA, m. Ephraim Marsh, Esq. 
WILLIAM (perh. s. of An'rew 2d, and grandson of Andrew 1st); owned a large 
tract in Delaware twp., Hunterdon Co., died in time of the Revolutionary war ; 
married Magdalena (who m. for second husband, Uriah Bonhonei; had ch. : 
Andrew, rem. to Virginia ; John ; Richard, drafted in the Revolutionary war, 
but his father took his place ; Mary, m. Samuel Wilson, who rem. to Kentucky ; 
Elisabeth, m. Jesse Hall ; Sarah, m. Jacob Dilts, of Am-eU ; Prudence, m. 
Hezekiah Bonhone (s. of Uriah), who rem. to Sussex Co. 
SAMUEL (pern, a brother of Andrew 1st), m. Anna Maria, and had at least one 

child, Maria, bap. at Readington, 6 Feb., 1755. 
THOMAS, d. at Stafford, England, and left a widow, Annie (born a Neville), who 
m. for second husband, another Thomas Heath, cousui of her first husband. 
She came to America in 1741, d. 28 Nov., 1770 ; had ch. by her first husband : 
I. JOHN, b. '723, d. 21 April, 1806, at 83 ; buried at Lamington, N. J.; rem. 
from Montgomery twp. to Bernards twp., Somerset Co.; his will, 6 Oct., 
1803, prob. 28 May, 1806, m. Ann Lewis ; had ch. : 
(I). Thomas, b. 23 July, 1747. 

(II). John, b. 6 Feb., 1748 ; had Francis and James. 
(III). Daniel, b. 30 Aug., 1 T50 ; res. at Mine Brook, Somerset Co., married 
Eleanor Runyon, b. 1 Oct., 1748 ; had John, Rob'rt and Mary. 

4<5o Early Germans of New Jersey 

(IV). Ann, b. 19 July, 1752, m. John Lake. 
(V). Samuel, b. 16 Jan., 1754. 
(VI). James, b. 11 Oct., 1762. 

(VTI). Hester, b. 18 April, 1766, m. Nathaniel Leonard. 
(VIII). Isaac, b. 3 Nov., 1780. 
(IX). Elisabeth, b. 8 Dec, 1781. 
II. MARY, b. 23 April, 1737, d. 6 Jan., 1773. 


JABESH HEATON (prob. same as Eaton), gave mortgage, 17 Dec, 1770, with 
wife Rebecca (prob. his first wife) to Wm. Allen on land above Flanders, 563 
acres, part of the 1,000 acre tract bought of John Budd. He may have been a 
descendant of Samuel, who was an Oversee of Highways in Roxbury, 1741. 
His will dated Roxbury, 5 March, prob. 23 March, 1802, names wife, Elisabeth, 
and ch. : 1. Jabesh ; 2. Daniel ; 3. James ; 4, Susanna, m. an Ayres ; 5. Sarah. 
m. a Stark ; C. Ann, m. a Scudder. Will also names step-children, Christopher 
and Susannah Smith Jabesh's widow Elisabeth m for second husband John 
Farley (s. of Meindert). 

JOHN EATON, whose will dated, Shrewsbury, Monmouth Co., 2 Dec, 1745, prob. 
11 May, 1750, speaks of land in Hunterdon and Morris Cos , bought of Jonathan 
Wright, and names ch. : Thomas, Joseph (d. 1761 and left two children, John 
and Thomas), Sarah, Lydia, Elisabeth, Joanna, Margaret, Valeria Lecount. 

BENJAMIN, whose will dated, Independence twp., Sussex (now Warren) Co., 6 
May, prob. 8 Aug., 1789, names wife, Rebecca, and ch. : Jonathan, Anna, 
Rachel, Mary Wilson, Rebecca Lundy. 


WILLIAM, 1st, b. , d. 1674, a Puritan from England. At first went to South- 
ampton ; on list of its citizens 1644 ; in 1649 helped form East Hampton ; first 

settler of the name at L. I.; m. Rose ; hai two sons and four daughters, 

Stephen, Isaac, names of daughters not known. 
STEPHEN 1st, son of William 1st, b. Jan., 1634, d. July 7, 1734, at about 100 years ; 

had ch.: John, b. 1670 ; Daniel, b. 1677 : William 2d, b. 1679. 
WILLIAM 2d, son of Stephen 1st, b. 1679, d. 1768 or 1771, m. 2 March, 1705, Abiah 
Mulford. His will names wife Zerviah and ch. : William, bap. 1706 ; Hannah, 
bap. 1708 ; Mary, bap. 1710 ; Jeremiah, bap. 1713 ; David, bap. 1715 ; Abiah, 
bap. 1717 ; Ezekiel, bap. 1719 ; Lewis, bap. 1722 ; Stephen, bap. 1724. 
STEPHEN 2d, s. of William 2d, bap. 1724, m. Jan. 1, 174«, Mary Miller ; had ch. : 

Jane, bap. 1762 ; David, bap. 1762 ; Joseph, M. D., b. May 11, 1766. 
JOSEPH, M. D., son of Stephen 2d, b. 11 May, 1766, bap. 1767, d. Mar. 11, 1824, m. 
Elisabeth Woodhull (dau. of William and Elisabeth Hedges, of Chester, Mor- 
ris Co., N. J.), b. 1749 ; had ch.: 
I. WILLIAM WOODHULL, M. D., b. Sept. 6, 1790, d. May 25, 1875 ; had 
children : 
(I). Joseph. 
(II). James. 
(HI). Smith. 

Hedges — Hendershot 401 

(TV). Mrs. Honeyman, of New Germantown, N. J. 
(V). Mrs. Dr. John Todd, of Tarrytown, N. Y. 

II. STEPHEN, b. Feb. 15, 1798, d. , m. Rachel A. Baldwin ; had ch.: 

(I). Sarah. 

(U). Elisabeth. 
(LTD. Joseph. 
(TV). Mart. 

(V). Francis. 


(VLT) Emma. 
ILL HENRY, b. Jan. 28, 1803, m. Mary A. Topping ; had ch. : 
(I). Rev. Charles E., m. Mary Jane. 
(LT). Jennie, m. Rev. G. M. Blauvelt. 
IV. MARY ELISABETH, b. Aug. 16, 1808. 
VI. SARAH WOODHULL, m. Rev. Abraham Williamson. 
URIAH HEDGES owned lot No. 39 of the Elisabethtown Jots ; m. Betsey fladg- 
ley; hadch.: 1. Ulrich, Jr., b. 1725, d. 10 Oct., 1797, m. Phebe Dayton; 2. 
Stephen, res. Stony Hill Valley ; 3. Joseph, res. Rockaway, Morris Co., whose 
will, prob. 24 Feb., 1791, name wife Sarah and ch.: Joseph, Edward, Rhody ; 
4. Gilbert, m. Peggy Porterfleld. (LitteWs Settlers Passaic Valley.) 


The name is variously spelled as Henneschid, Henneschit, Hinnschutt, Hender- 
shott ; and it seems to be of Low Dutch or Holland origin. 

The first of the name in New Jersey was MICHAEL, who is found in New York 
in 1710 with his wife, Ann Catharine, and three children, Casper, John Peter and 
Maria Sophia ; another son, Michael, being born later, probably 1714. The first 
Michael has children baptised on the Raritan River by the Lutheran pastor of New 
York from 1716 to 1720. Another family is said to have come in the person of 
Isaac, their common ancestor, from Saybrooke, Conn., to Lopatcong twp., Warren 
Co., with Matthias Shipman, having first stopped at German Valley. The truth of 
this story seems to be that the father of Isaac, John by name, leased a part of the 
Budd tract in 1749, but soon removed to Greenwich twp., Warren Co. That he 
came from Connecticut seems doubtful. He was more probably the son of Michael 
the first, and was born 1720. 

MICHAEL, b. 1674, m. Catherine, b. 1680 ; on the list of Palatines of the second 

emigration, 1710, who remained in New York (Brodhead Documentary Hist. 

N. Y., vol. 3, p. 340) ; rem. to New Jersey, first on the Millstone River, then to 

the West Jersey Society lands in Hunterdon Co. ; had ch. : 

I. CASPER, b. 1699 ; commissioner of highways, Hunterdon Co., 1735, 

March 17 ; signs call to Rev. John Albert Weygand, 1749. 
n. MARIA SOPHIA, b. 1704. 

III. JOHN PETER, b. 1709. 

IV. MICHEL, Jr., b. between 1710-16, m. Elisabeth ; will dated Sussex 

Co., 1786, June 14. prob. Nov. 11 ; named eight children and one grand- 
child, Moses Morris : 1. Michael, b. 1734, April 5 ; 2. John ; 3. Elisabeth, 
m. a Beemer ; 4. 'Catren" (Catherine), m. a Dennis; 5. Casper; 6. 
Jacob ; 7. William ; 8. Sarah, m. a Roof, prob. Christopher (s. of 

402 Early Germans of New Jersey 

Michael), b. 1760, d. 1844 ; 9. Sophia, m. a Roof, probably Michael (s. of 
Michael) . 
V. ELISABETH, b. near the Millstone River, 1716, Jan. 17. 
VI. EVA, b. near the Millstone River, 1717, Dec. 27. 

VII. JOHANNES, b. 1720, Jan. 23 ; will dated Greenwich, Sussex County (now 
Warren Co.), 1797, Jan. 26, prob. 1798, Jan. 9 ; will names eleven children 
and five grandchildren : 
(I). John, prob. d. Sussex Co., where his will is dated, 1793, Jan. 28, 

prob. March 12 ; had son, Nicholas. 
(II). Michel. 
(111). Jacob, b. 1747, d. 1815, July 7, m. Effie Paugh, b. 1750, d. 1824, May 
21 ; came to Hampton twp., Sussex Co., before 1771. His estate 
was divided, 1825, Feb. 14, among nine children : 

1. Peter, b. 1770, Nov. 7, d. 1837, June 16, m. Sophia Elisabeth, b. 

1774, June 4, d. 1841, Feb. 17 ; bis will dated 1837, April 27, prob. 
June 2 ; names no children of his own. 

2. John. 

S. Jacob, b. 1783, d. 1834, m. Mary Louis, b. 1791, d. 1853 ; had ch. : 
(1). Peter; (2). Jesse; (3). Phebe, m. John Bell ; (4). John ; (5). 
Mary Ann, m. Garret Rosenkrans: (6). Jacob; (7). Clarissa; 
(8). Levi; (9). Hannah. 

4. Abraham. 

5. Isaac. 

6. Elisabeth, or Nathaniel Ayres. 

7. Effie, m. Daniel Pre more. 
S. Mary, m. James Smith. 
Catharine, m. Jacob Arris. 

(IV). Isaac, had ch.: 1. Elisabeth; 2. Jacob; 3. John; 4. Michel; 6. 
(V). Elisabeth, m. a Kline. 

(VI). Mart, m. a Winegar (Weingartner or Winegarden). 
(VII). Catherine, m. a Thomas. 
(VllI). Charity, m. an Allerton. 
(IX). Rebecca. 
(X). Ann. m. a Roseberry. 
(XI). Leah. 
CHARLES B. HENDERSHOT, treasurer and member of the firm of the Stephens 
Steam Heater Co., of German Valley, is a descendantof a branch of this family, 
which rem. to New York State and afterwards returned to New Jersey and 
settled near Stillwater, Sussex Co. After establishing an enviable reputation 
as a teacher, he left the profession to engage in business. 


DAVLD HENDERSON came from Massachusetts to Asbury, N. J.; was in the 
war of 1812 ; m. Sarah Matlock ; had ch. : 

Henderson — Henrt 403 

V. DANIEL K. (of Flocktown, Schooley's Mountain), who married Dorothy 



CONRVD HENRY, bought 147 acres near Readington, Hunterdon Co., 15 April 
1752, of Kirkbride, and this property was sold by the rest of the children to 
their brother John, 29 Dec., 1790; naturalized 1730. Conrad's will dated 1 
June, 1756, prob. 3 June, 1757, names wife Margaret and ch.: 
I. JACOB ("eldest"). 



GEORGE, the son of William (7), and grandson of Conrad 1st ; had ch. : 

I. HARMON, b. 1790, d. 24 Dec., 18H9, at 79 ; res. at New Germantown, N. 
J.; m. Margaret Swick, b. 1795, d. 13 Nov., 1885, at 70; had ch. : 1. 

George, m. first, ; second, Sarah Maria Oatea ; 2. John, m. first, Sara 

Manning ; second, ; 3. Philip, m. Susan McKnight ; 4. Harriet, m. 

Dennis Root ; 5. Phebe, m. Samuel McCammon ; 6. Sarah, m. Richard 
Tunison ; 7. Lydia, m. Albert Allen ; 8. Catherine, m. James Kent ; 9. 
Emaline, m. Charles Coddington ; 10. Margaret, m. Will. Henry Van 


IV. ANN, m. Low. Emmons. 
V. MARY, m. George Lunger. 

MICHAEL, perhaps a brother of Conrad ; in 1738, a voter of Readington ; one of 
the first elders of the Amwell Pres. Ch.. now at Reaville ; bought, 13 Dec., 1743 
from Ananias Allen, 162 acres, near what is now Bloomsbury, Warren Co. ; his 
will, dated Readington, 15 Jan., 1760, prob. 7 Jan., 1761, names wife Jane and 
ch. : 1. William and his son Arthur ; 2. John ; 3. Michael and his son John ; 
4. Daniel ; 5. David, buried at Lamington, b. 1728, d. Jan., 1783, at 55 ; 9. 
Nathaniel, ("if he returns") ; 7. Margaret ; 8. Sarah; 9. Easter (?) ; will names 
also son-in-law William Bishop. 

WILLIAM, eldest son of Michael, m. Hannah Cook, and inherited through her, as 
the grand daughter of John Cook, considerable land in Greenwich twp., (now) 
Warren Co. They sell, 6 Dec., 1742, 500 acres to Adam Hall, who sells to 
Ananias Allen, from whom Michael Henry (William's father) buys 162 acres. 
William's will dated, Greenwich, Sussex Co., 30 Sept., prob. 9 Nov., names 
wife Hannah and ch.: 1. Arthur; 2. Michael; 3. Nathaniel; 4. Jane; 5. 
Elisabeth ; 6. Sarah. In 1757, Oct. 19, Hannah Heanrie executes a deed of 
trust to Michael He ry and Will. Bishop, for her children until they become 
21 , of 696 acres in Greenwich and 132 in Bethlehem. 

404 Early Germans of New Jersey 


MICHEL HELLENBRANT signs the call to Rev. John Albert Weygand, 1749 ; 
on John Peter Neitzer's ledger in 1763, Christopher Hildebrant ; in 1767, May 
13, Johannes and Christopher and, 1780, Charles, sign the Articles of Faith 
of the Lutheran Church, New Gennantown. 
JOHN, perhaps m. Barbara ; his will, dated Mansfield, 1802, Aug. 17, probated, 
Newton, 1806, June 7, names eight children : 
I. CHRISTOPHER, whose will, prob. 1884, Feb. 4, m. 1781, Jan. 25, Anna 
Margaret Roelof son ; had ch. : 
(I). John, b. 1781, Sept. 18. 

(II). Hermanes, b. 1783, Sept. 19, m. Elisabeth Corzatt (dau. of Richard), 
cousins ; had ch. : 1. Barbara Ann, b. 1807, Jan. 25 : 2. Elisha, b. 
1810, Dec. 26 ; 3. Christian Beavers, b. 1815, May 11. 
(III). Gertrude, b. 1785, Oct. 12, m. 1806, Oct. 12, George Andrew Vesce- 

lius (s. of Andreas), d. 1850. Mar. 10. 
(TV). Maria Barbara, b. 1788, July 15, m. a Bryan. 
(V). Elizabeth, b. 1790, Aug. 2. 
(VI). Christopher. 
II. CHARLES, m. Charity, d. Springtown, Warren Co., N. J. ; had ch. : 
(I). John. 

ai). Wilhelm (William), b. 1792, April 19. 
(III). Isaac, b. 1794, Jan 10, m. first, Nancy Lommason ; second, Rachel 
Bowman ; had ch. : 1. David, b. 1822, lives at Draketown ; 2. 
William ; 3. Henry ; 4. John ; 5. Elisabeth ; 6. Cornelius ; 7. Holly 
(a girl) ; 8. Mary ; 9. Charles ; 10. Thomas. 
III. CTJNRAD, b. 1762, d. 1850, Feb. 5, m. Phebe Giles, b. 1775, d. 1831, May 5 
at 56 ; went to Wyoming, Pa., then returned to New Jersey, to Hope, 
Warren Co. ; will prob. 1840 ; had ch. : 

(I). John "C " b. 1795, Dec. 1, m. Mary C. Swayzie (dau. of William), 
b. 1797, July 4, d. 1872, Jan. 23 ; had ch. : 1. William S., b. 1819, 
May 29, d. 1886, June 3 ; 2. Conrad G., b. 1821, Aug. 23 ; 3. Cath- 
erine, b. 1823, Oct. 2,m. James Brands (s. of David); 4. John A., 
b. 1826, June 23 ; 5. Freeman B., b. 1828, Nov. 17 ; 6. Stewart B., 
b. 1831, Jan. 26 ; 7. Daniel I., b. 1833, April 8 ; 8. James F., b. 1837, 
May 26 ; 9. Jehiel T., b. 1837, May 26, m. Elisabeth A. Gibbs, of 
Hackettstown ; 10. Isaiah B., m. Lydia A. Gibbs (dau. of David). 
(II). Margaret, ni. a Hoyt. 

OH). Elisabeth, b. 1799, d. 1825, Aug. 25, m. Charles Hildebrant, cousins ; 
his will names Margaret Hoyt's daughter, Phebe, and Elisabeth's 
three children, Conrad, Daniel and Melinda Hildebrant. 
IT. FREDERICK, prob. b. 1771, Jan 27, m. "Acky"; will dated Mansfield, 
1817, Aug. 5, prcb Sept. 24 ; names wife Acsay and son : 
(1). Henry, m. Elisabeth Fritte (dau. of William). 
V. CATH A.RINE, confirmed 1774, May 22, at 17 years of age. 
VI. HANNAH (Anna), confirmed 1774, May 22, at 16 years of age. 
VII. LENA, has children, named in will of her father, "Acky, John HUdrbrand 
and James Giles" ; name of husband not given. 
JACOB, b. 1762, April 9, m. Hannah Furman (dau. of Christopher), b. 1768, Nov. 
18 ; bought 160 acres now occupied by Henry Rhinehart, his grandson ; had ch. : 
I. JOHN, b. 1788, Oct. 16, m. Elisabeth Catherine Ellick ; lived at Fairmount. 


II. BETSEY, b. 1793, June 15, d. 1890, Feb. 13, unmarried. 

III. CHRISTOPHER, b. 1795, Sept. 19, m. Elisabeth Rhinehart (dau. of Mar- 

tin), b. 1797, July 13 ; had ch. : 
(I). Mart Ann, m. Peter Amerman. 
(ID. Sarah, m. James Mapes. 
(HI). Eliza, m. George Alpock (9. of Matthias). 
(IV). Charity, m. Hannibal Alpock is. of William). 
(V). Abbie, m. Simeon Drake (s. of Elias). 
(VI). Martin R., m. Sarah E. Alpock (dau. of Adam R.). 
(VII) . Hannah, m. Richard Howard. 
(VIII). Jacob, m. Mahala Lindabury (dau. of David) . 
(IX). Charlotte, b. 1814, Jan. 21. 

IV. PAUL A., b. 1798, Mar. 30, d. 1883, Mar. 30, unmarried. 

V. MARY, b. 1800, July 23, d. 1873, Nov. 18. 
VI. JACOB, b. 1802, Nov. 30 ; went West. 

VII. ANN, b. 1807. Feb. 4, m a Hull. 
Vm. JANE, b. 1809, Aug. 1. m. Wm. Pruden. 
IX. HANNAH, b. 1814, Feb. 24, m. David Rhinehart Is. of Martin). 
MATTHIAS, second cousin to Christopher, m. Charity Sutton idau. of Peterl: 
had ch. : 1. Hannah, m. Manuel Apgar ; 2. Mary, m. Frederick Pickle (s. of 
George) ; 3. Julia, m. Daniel Fleming ; 4. Charity, m. Henry Fleming ; 5. Peter 
m. Caroline Holly ; 6. George, m. first, Sophia Fleming ; second, an Abel ; 
moved away. 


PHILIP HILER, m. Mary Rowe, both came from Baden to New Brunswick about 

1752. She was bound out to service until she became 18 years of age to pay 

" her passage over. He bought the farm of John Busenberry. Adam Heiler 

signs the call to Rev. John Albert Weygand in 1749 ; Johannes Heyler is 

naturalized 17B3, June 3 : had ch. : 


II. ADAM, m. Christina Abel. 
HI. POLLY, m. Silvester Davis. 
IV. LENA. m. John Henry. 
V. PHILIP, m. Margaret Young ; had ch. 

(D. Mary Ann S., m. first, Dennis Potter ; second, Jobn Bosenbury. 
(ID. William Young, m. Sarah Rowe. 
(HI). Eliza Nevius, m. George Moore. 

VI. JACOB m. Yauger. 


ANTHONY, b. 1741, d. 27 Oct. 1791, at .50, m. Mary, d. 15 Aug., 1794. It is not 
known where he flrst settled, but his grandchildren live near Drakesville. 
Morris Co., N. J. ; had ch. : 
I. CATHARINE, b 24 Jan., 1765. 

II. JOHN, b. 24 Dec., 1768. 
IH. MARY, b. 5 June, 1771. 

IV. ELISABETH, b. 5 May, 1773, d. 24 Nov., 1846, m. SUvanus Drake (son of 

406 Early Germans of New Jersey 

V. PHILIP, b. 15 May, 1775. 
VI. SARAH, b. 28 Not, 1777. 
VII. LENET (prob. Magdalena) b. 12 Jan, 1780. 
VIH. ANTHONY, b. 1 July, 1782 ; rem. to the West. 
IX. ANNA, b. 11 Jan., 1783. 

X. SAMUEL, b. 9 Sept., 1787, d. 13 Sept., 1870, at 86 ; m. Margaret Caskey, b. 
11 Feb., 1786, d. 15 Nov., 1867, at 82 ; had ch.: 1. John, b. 8 June, 1810, 
d. 5 Sept, 1810 ; 2. Mary, b. 4 Oct., 1811, d. 26 June. 1826 ; 3. William C, 
b. 30 March, 1814 ; 4. Jane, b. 28 July, 1817 ; 5. Sallie, b. 9 Nov., 1820 ; 6. 
Margaret, b. 14 Sept., 1823. 
XI. LYDIA, b. 14 Sept., 1791, 


HERBERT HOCKENBERRY (or Hackenbuerger> ; will, prob. 13 June, 1769, 
names wife Margaret and ch. : 
I. JOHN, whose will, prob. 6 Feb., 1805, names wife Sarah and ch. : John ; 

Uly, wife of Benjamin Walker ; Mary, wife of Gary ; grandsons, 

John Walker and John Gary. 
II. PETER, whose will, prob. 5 Dec, 1804, names wife Elisabeth, and Herbert 
and John Rodenbough and grandchild, Betsey Van Nest. 
Ill JOST (George), m. A. Margaret ; had ch. : Anna, b. 2 March, 1773 ; Peter, 

b. 2 May, 1778. 
IV. HENRY, of Bethlehem twp , Hunterdon Co., prob. b. 1750, d. 27 August, 
1815 ; will, prob. 1815, names wife Elisabeth and ch. : Peter, b. 26 Jan., 
1773 ; Margaret, b. 9 April, 1776, m. Dan. Sweazy ; grandson, Henry 

VI. HARMAN, m. Anna Margaret ; prob. it was of his estate that Anna and 
Peter were made administrators, 5 April, 1808, at Newton, N. J. ; had son 
Jacob, b. 10 April, 1779. 




JOHN HOFFMAN, whose will dated, Rea^ington, Hunt. Co., 8 July, 1741, prob. 21 
Nov. 1748, names wife Margaret and six children ; also brothers-in-law Christian 
Harshall and Joseph Hankinson, as executors ; witnesses were John Crascoll, 
David Bertron and Alle Ross ; youngest child was under 21, at date of will, 
1741, m. (New York Dutch records), 29 May, 1727, (banns published May 18), for 
second wife, Margrite Anhuizen (or Anhuys) , both from Germany, but dwelling 
in New York ; was a large landholder near what is now Mettler's mills ; names 
in will the following children except the first : 

I. CATHARINA, bap. in N. Y., 26 Jan., 1729; when the witnesses were 
Christaen Hessel and Catherine Snyder. 

Hoffman 407 

II. HENRY, "eldest." 

III. MARY (deceased), in. Matthias Plattenberg and had a daughter before 

1741, mentioned in grandfather's mil 


V. JOHN, letters of adm. of his estate given, 24 Dec., 1810, to Peter Schomp, 
m. Rebecca ; record of division of his property namt-s ch. : 
(I). John, m. Aug., 1774, Rebecca Rounseval, b. 1754, d. J 333 or 4, at SO 
about ; lived in Raritan township about three miles west from 
Flemington ; had ch. : 

1. John. 

2. Isaac, b. 1777, Mai-. 23, m Susanna Bodine (dau. of John) ; had 

ch : (1). Emanuel, b. 1800, m. Amy Rake ; (2). Enoch, b. 1805, 
m. Anu Fauss ; (3). Paul K., b. 1816, m. first, Rhoda Poulsou 
(dau. of Israel, a Dunkard preacher! ; second, Amy Wagner <dau. 
of Jacob). 

3. Andrew, m. Sarah Bellis ; had ch.: (1). John ; (2). Hiram; (3). 

Hary, m. Augustus Gelbaugh : |4). Lucretia. 
(II). Lena, m. Col. David Schomp (2d son of Hendrick). 
(III). Mart, bap. iReadington records), 1756, Aug. 15, m. Abraham Lane. 
(IV). Margaret, bap. iReadington records), 1759, April 29, m. Peter 
Schomp, d. 1809. 
(V). Sarah, bap. (Readington records), 1761, April 12 m. Philip Prost. 
(VI) Rebecca, bap. IReadington records), 1763, June 8, m. Obadiah Cole. 
(VII). David, bap. iReadington records), 1765, June 21, m. Catherine 
Wyckoff ; had ch.: 1. John S., b. 1800, April 22 ; 2. Rebeckah, 
b. 1801, Sept. 17 ; 3. Peter Wyckoff, bap. 1806, July 7 ; 4. David, 
b. 1809, May 3 ; 5. Henry, b. 1813, Sept. 26. 
(Villi. Jacob, bap. (Readington records!, 1767, Oct. 25, m. Margaret Biggs ; 
hadch.: 1. Rebeckah, b. 1708, July 19; 2. Jane Biggs, b. 1800," 
April 19 ; 3. John, b. 1802, Feb. 1\ 
(IX). Joseph, bap. (Readington records), 1769, July 30. 
VI. JACOB, b. prob. 1735, d. 1815, at about 80 years of age, m. first, Steintje ; 
second, Barbara Mettler. He settled near Stanton and then sold the 
farm for Continental money, which became worthless ; removed to 
Roland's Mills ; had five children by his first wife and three by his second: 
(I). John, bap. 1765, May 16, d. 6 March, 1843, m. Catherine Trout ; had 
ch. : 1. George, unmarried ; 2. Jacob, deaf and dumb j 3. Aaron 
had Stnj?y, Lemuel and CaOierine ; 4. John ; 5. Rebecca, m. an 
Armitage ; 6. Sarah, ra. a Wilson : 7. Catherine, unmarried. 
(II). Isaac, bap. 1771, Mar. 24, m. Catherine Laqueer. 
(III). Lena, m. John Hoppock. 
(IV). Dina (Blandina), bap. 1773, May 2. 
(V). Margaret, m. Cornelius Bowman (s. of Cornelius). 
(VI). Jacob, b. 1780, d. 1811, at 31 years of age, m. Hannah Porter (dau. of 
James) ; they had ch. : 1 . Hiram, ra. first, Ann Berger ; second, 
Rebecca Cherry ; 2. David, b. 180-!, Oct 16 ; 3. Archibald, b. 1807, 
Aug. 18, m. Mary Krieger (dau. of John, s. of John); 4. James P., 
Sr., m. first, Anu S. Siegler (dau. of Peter), b. 1818, Feb. 10 ; second 
Eliza P. King (dau. of Will. L.), b. 1825, Dec. 2. 

4©8 Early Germans of New Jersey 

(VII). Abraham, b. 1783, Nov. 23, d. 1872, Dec. 23, m. Charlotte Porter (dau. 
of James), b. 1784, Nov. 15, d. 1885, Oct. 12, at the age of 101 years, 
10 months and 12 days; had ch.: I. Aaron, b. 1815, Jan. 6, d. 
1885, Feb., m. first, Amanda v cCrae ; second, Harriet Hoffman 
(dau. of John and the widow of Chas. Hoffman, the s. of Hiram) ; 

2. Susan, b. 1807, June 5, m. Amos Hunt (s. of John) ; 3. Harriet, 
b. 1818, March 16, m. James Demott (s. of John). 

(Vrri). David B., m. Hannah Lee (dau. of John); had ch.: 1. James, m. 
Elisabeth ProbaBco (dau. of Theodore) ; 2. "William, m. Catherine 
Porter (widow of a Fritts) ; 3. John, removed to Cape May ; 4. 
David 7S. Augustus, m. the widow Larue ; 5. Margaret, m. 
Jacob Smith ; 6. Hannah, m. Joseph Plum (s. of Joseph) 
Hoffmans or High Bridge. 
JACOBUS, prob. a brother of HENBT, of Cokesburg, bought 211> 2 ' acres rear 
High Bridge, 1773, from James Parker, which was sold by his heirs to John 
Sharp in 1790 ; m. Anna, named in his will of date 1780, Jan. 15, prob. Mar. 13, 
(Trenton 21 : 309) ; wife to have use of property for 12 years to bring up younger 
children and give them an education ; property to be divided after 12 years ; 
two oldest sons to be executors. Witnesses were Henry Traphagen, Peter 
Rodenbergh and Samuel Anderson. Will names children : 
I. JACOB, prob. m. Anna ; prob. rem. to N. Y. State ; had en. : 
(I). Elisabeth, b. 1769. Aug. 24. 
01). Peter, b. 1774, Feb. 17. 
(III). Niolas, b. 1776, Aug. 2. 
II. JOHN, m. Anna Apgar (dau. of Adam) ; lived near Clinton, then removed 
to Black River ; had ch. : 

(I). Adam, m. Elisabeth ; owned farm at Little Brook and had six 

children, before he went to Ohio. 
(II) . Henry, unmarried, went to Ohio. 
(III). Barbara, unmarried. 

(IV). James ("Cobe"), b. 1783, Oct. 28, d. 1857, Jan. 5, at 73 years, 2 months 
and 7 days ; m. Elisabeth Lance (dau. of Herbert) , b. 1779 or 1781, 
d. 1853, Jan. at 72 about ; had ch. : 1. Herbert, m. Annie Moore 
(widow of a Hull); 2. William, m. Betsey Castner (dau. of Daniel) ; 

3. David, unmarried ; 4 Nathan, m. Catherine Bunn ; 5. Anna, 
m. John Ader (s. of John) ; 0. Margaret, m. William Hardy. 

(V). William Apgar, b. 1802, July 9, m. Mary Wean, b. 1798, Aug. 25 ; 
owned farm at Flocktown, now in possession of Mrs. Tice Swack- 
hamer ; had ch. : 1. Jullanna, b. 1823, m. Peter Smith ; 2. Char- 
ity, b. 1824, unmarried ; 3. Mary, b. 1827, m. Charles Hann ; 4. 
William, b. 1833, m. Caroline Elisabeth Seifers (dau. of Peter). 

III. HENRY, prob. rem. to N. Y. State. 

IV. WILLIAM, b. about 1763, d. 1829, m. Sarah Pickle (dau. of Conrad ; had 


(I). Nicholas Pickle, b. 1787, May 24, m. (1) Mary, d. 1815, Jan. 31 ; 

(2) Sophia Abel (dau. of Jacob), d. 1853, Nov. 30 at 56 ; buried at 

Flanders ; had ch. : 

1. Jesse, unmarried. 

2. Zephaniah, m. Sallie Stout (dau. of Andrew) ; had children: (1). 

Cyrus A., m. Martha Waters (dau. of Peter); (2). George, m. 



Alliance Beatty (dau. of George); (3). Phemie, m. Lemuel Apgar 
(s. of Fred); (4). Elmira, m. Daniel Lee (s. of Joseph). 

3. Jacob W., m. Margaret Hope (dau. of James). 

4. Mart Elisabeth, m. (1) Joseph Walker ; (2). Christopher Srope. 

5. Julia Ann, m. Conrad Apgar (s. of Fred.). 
(II). Ltdia, b. 1789, Nov. 20. 

(III). George Jacobus, b. 1790, Dec. 24, m. Annie Apgar (dau. of Fred.) ; 
had ch. : 1. Sarah, m. Jacob Huff ; 2. Eva Elisabeth, m. Conrad 
P. C. Apgar (s. of Conrad). 
(TV). Maria, b. 1798, March 9. 
(V). William, b. 1803, Sept. 21. 
(VI). Eleanor, b. 1806, Jan. 25. 
V. ANNA, m. Samuel Coleman of Warren Co.; had ch.: (I). William ; (II). 

Samuel; (III). Peter; (IV). Ltdia; (V). Ann; (VI). Betset. 
VI. PETER, not of age in 1780 ; prob. rem. to N. Y. State. 
VLT. GEORGE, not of age in 1780 ; prob. rem. to N. Y. State. 
PETER, hag will dated 1764, prob. 1766, translated from the German by William 
Schuiler, elder in German church of Am well (at Ringoe3), 1749 ; his will names 
wife, Gertrude, and children, William and ifrnrt/, and refers to others ; home- 
stead to be kept for ten years, then divided ; had ch. : 

I. WILLIAM, has will prob. 1764, April 4 ; names beloved friend Henry 
Hoffman, executor ; names wife, Anna Maria, and children : 
(I). John. 

(II). Mart, m. Philip Diltz. 

(HI). William, and step children, Peter, Philip and Christian Diltz, Cath- 
erine Beyer and Anna Elisabeth Snyder. 


Hoffmans or " Hopmans" were very early arrivals in the State. There were 
in New Sweden, in the year 1693, ANDERES Hoppman with 7 in his family (his 
will, dated Piles Grove, 1715-28) ; FREDERIC with 7 in family and his brother, 
JOHAN, with 7 in family, including the five children, Bridget. John, Nicholas, 
Monce (Hermanes) and Michael ; lastly NICHOLAS Hoppman with .5 in family 
[Acrelius' Hist. New Sweden, p. 190-4 and 440-4], It seems probable that MARTEN 
Hopman, who is found in N. Y. city, as early as 1663, was a brother to Andrew, 
Frederick and the rest. He was given permission in 1672 to go to New Sweden 
(South Jersey and Delaware! and and solicit subscriptions for the building of a 
Lutheran church in New York. It is said that Peter Stuyvesant brought with him 
from the Delaware, as hostages, a number of Swedish families, among which were 
the Hoffmans. Martin came from Revel, a Swedish town in the gulf of Finland, 
in Esthionia, which was taken from the 'Swedes by the Russians in 1710. He m. 
(1) in N. Y. city, 31 March, 1663, Lysbeth Harmens ; (2) Emmerentje Dewitt (sister 
to Tjerk Claessen) ; had only two sons and two daughters, who are known of : 
I. ANNETJE, bap. 1 March, 1665. 
n. MARRITJE. bap. 12 Dec., 1665. 

HI. NICHOLAS, m. 30 Dec. 1704, Jannitie Crispell (dau. of Antoni), b. Feb. 
1686, d. 11 Feb., 1752. 

IV. ZACHARIAS, of Shawangunk, Ulster Co., N. Y, m. 19 Oct., 1707, Hester 

4io Early Germans of New Jersey 

Bruyn, d. 1744. It is claimed by some that the Hoffmans of Cokesbury 
and German Valley belonged to the descendants of the Swede, Marten, 
but the probabilities of the case are all opposed to this conjecture. 

Hoffmans of Cokesbury. 

HENRY, lived on the William Stevenson place, then of 217 acres, in High Bridge 
twp., which was sold by John Hoffman, sole surviving executor of the last will 
of Henry, to William Hoffman, 1809, April 1, for $3,365.67 ; 109> 2 ' acres of this 
were sold by William and Elenor Hoffman, 1833, April 1, to James Stevenson 
for $2, 737.60. Henry's will, dated 1790, Sept. 13 ; prob. 1794, Aug. 19, leaves 
all his property to his second wife, until her death or second marriage. The 
father of Henry was prob. HARMON, but no trace is found of the latter, unless 
he should be the Harmonus of the Second Emigration, who was in New York 
1710, and whose will [prob. N. Y., 15 April, 1752, dated Orange Co., N. Y., 
1752], names wife, Gertruye (Gertrude), and ch. : Harmanus, Berstena or 
Cersteana (Christena '.), Rachel, Jurry (George), Catrina Snyder, Layd (or 
Leayat Geslar, but no Henry. Henry had children : 
I. HAP^MON, m. Annie Schuyler (dau. of Philip) ; had ch. : 

(I). Henry, b. about 1765, d. 1825, about 60, m. Anna Hoffman (dau. of 
John), a cousin ; had ch. : 

1. Henry M., b. 1802, Mar., 15, m. Charity Philhower (dau. of Peter) ; 

had ch. : (1). David, m. Margaret Philhower (dau. of Richard); 
(2) . Sering, m. Sarah Trimmer (dau. of Samuel) ; (3) . Richardson 
m. Ann Eick (dau. of Morris) ; (4|. Noah, m. Mary Conover (dau. 
of Charles); (5). Peter, m. Eliza Fox ; (6). Fred., m. a Philhower 
(dau. of Adam); (7). Hutton, m. Margaret Hoffman (dau. of 
Fred.); (8). Lydia Ellen, m. Nicholas Conover (s. of Charles); 
(9). Elisabetli Ann, died young. 

2. Jacob, m. Agnus Apgar (dau. of Adam) ; had ch. : (1) . Conrad< 

m. Mattie Honeyman (dau. of William) ; (2) . Mary Ann, m. a 
Casner ; (3). Isaac, m. Mary A. Eick (dau. of William M.); (4). 
George, m. (1) a Sutton ; (2) a Hicks ; (5). Catherine, m. George 
Schuyler (s. of Peter) ; (6). Elisabeth, m. John Carlisle (s. of Mul- 
ford) ; (7). Jemima, m. Amos Schuyler (s. of Nathan). 

3. Noah, b. 1812, March 12, m. Sophia Teats (dau. of John) ; had ch. : 

(1). Mary Catherine, m. John Hope (s. of James W.) ; (2). Fanny 
m. James Anthony (s. of Nathan) ; (3). Margaret, m. Daniel Force 
(s. of James) ; (4). Caroline, m. (1) John Henry Boyle, (2) Joseph 
Crooksor ; (5). Effie Ann, m. Peter Van Arsdale (s. of Daniel); 
(6). George W„ m. Emma Apgar (dau. of P. K.) ; (7). Sarah, m. 
Wm. A. Alpock (s. of George) ; (8). Mahala, m. Frederick Apgar 
,(s. of Peter M.); (9). John, m. Laura Sutton (dau. of Richard); 
(10). Ellen, m. David McCathran ; one died young. 

4. John, m. Seney Davis (dau. of Silvanus), removed from near Pot- 

tersville to Ohio. 

5. Harmon, m. (1) Susan Philhower (dau. of John); (2) Margaret 
Lommason (dau. of Conrad) ; no children by second wife ; had 

children (order uncertain): (1). Lydia Ann, b. 1820, April 2, m. 
George B. Sutton (s. of Richard); (2). Ebenezer, m. Martha 
Nichols ; (3). John, m. Sarah , and rem. to Penn. ; (4). Henry, 

Hoffman 411 

m. Matilda Worman, and rem. to California ; (5). Rachel, unm. ; 
(6). Elisabeth, m. Peter P. Philhower (s. of Aaron); (7). Harmon, 
m. Emma Sturdison, and rem to Illinois; (8). Obadiah, unm.; 
(9). Oliver, m. Hattie Backer, and went West ; (10). Silvanus, 
unm.; ill). Mary, m. Charles Miller (s. of John); (12). Benton, 
m. Lydia Wise ; [(13). i Conrad Lommason, b. 1. Jan., 1818]. 

6. Sarah, tn. Conrad Apgar (s. of Conrad). 

7. Maboabet. m. Augustus Worman. 

8. Lydia, m. Andrew Lance (s. of Peter and Sophia) . 

9. Anna, unmarried. 

(ID. Anna, b. 1769, Nov. 4, m. Henry Teats is. of Adam). 
(III). Elisabeth, b. 1772, Feb., m. Michael Rote. 

(IV). Peter M., b. 1774, Feb. 15 (7!) d. 1859,- July 5, at 85 yrs., 4 mos. and 
CO days, m. Charity Philhower (dau. of Philip), b. 1776. July 15, d. 
1849, Aug. 21, at 73 yrs., 1 mo. and 6 days ; hadch.; 1. John m. 
Ann Robeson uiau. of Cornelius) ; 2. Mart, m. George H. Linda- 
berry is. of Henry) ; 3. Anna, b. 1801, Aug. 2, m. Samuel G. Hoif- 
man (9. of John), b. Sept. 1794. d. 1864. and lived east of Middle 
Valley ; 4. Effie Elisabeth, m. Thomas Apgar is. of Peter) ; 5. 
Frederick P., m. (1) Mary Philhower idau. of Peter); (2) Mary A. 
Canada ; 6. Margaret, d. 1S88, Oct. 28, at 79 yrs., 8 mos. and 5 days, 
unmarried ; 7. Elisabeth, m. Adam Hoffman (s. of Frederick) ; 8. 
Phtlip P., m. Sophia Apgar (dau. of William). 
(V). Philip M., m. Mary Philhower (dau. of Jacob) ; about 1819 went to 
Ohio, then to Indiana ; had two young children when he left, viz. : 
Jacob and Ann. 
(VT|. Eva, b.1775, Dec. 25, m. Fred Apgar (s. of Jacob). 
(VII). Mary, q, 1779, Dec. 29, m. (1) Laurance Wean ; i2) Coon Wean (s. of 

(VHT). Sophia, b. 1785, Oct. 1. 
H. JOHN, b. 1746, July 12, d. 1828. April 22, m. 1771, Dec. 19, Ann Elisabeth 
Young (dau. of Peter), b. 1752, May 20, d. 1828, Nov. 1, lived at Cokes- 
bury; had ch:. 
(I). Ann, b. 1772, Aug. 20, m. Henry M. Hoffman is. of Harmon), a 

(II). Elsie Catherine, b. 1774. Aug. 7, m. William Apgar (s. of Adami. 
(III). Mary, b. 1776, May 2, m. Jacob Ort. 

(IV). Elisabeth, b. 1778, Dec. 12 ; m. (1) Conrad Lommason is. of Conrad), 
d. 1814 ; (2) Garret Covenhoven. 
(V). Henry I., b. 1780, Dec. 8, m. (1) Margaret Fritts (dau. of Fred. Jr.) ; 
(2) Mary Lunger (dau. of James Lunger, and widow of Henry 
Hance); (3) Catherine Fritts (dau. of George), b. 1794, d. 1880. Dec. 
31, at 86 years ; elder for many years in the Presbyterian Church 
at German Valley ; lived on Schooley's Mountain, where Mancius 
Hutton now lives ; had no children by his third wife ; had children 
by his first wife : 1. John T., b. 1808, Oct. 4, m. Eliza Hann (dau. 
of Jacob), and lives at Denville, N. J.; 2. Rachel, m. Jacob 
Sharp ; 3. Elisabeth, b. 1810, Oct. 21, unm. ; 4. Jemima, b. 1812, 
Nov. 29, unm ; 5. Frederick, died young ; 6. Henry S., died 
young ; 7. Margaret, m. Elijah Dilts, of Port Colden ; 8. Mary 

2 Early Germans of New Jersey 

Ann, m. William G. Dufford (s. of George), second wife, and res. 
at Washington, N. J.; 9. Jacob D., m. Anna Smith, and res. at 
Hackettstown ; 10. Phixjp H., m. Barbara Byram, and res. at 
Morristown. By second wife : 11. Henry C, m. Phebe Young, 
and res. at Chicago ; 12. Manctcs Hutton, m. Catherine E. 
Neighbor (dau. of Leonard), and resides on Schooley's Mountain. 

(VI). Peter I., b. 1782, Dec. 2, m. Ellen Bowman (dau. of Thomas and 
Jane Vliet), res. above Califon ; had ch. : 1. Peter W., m. Emily 
Cox ; 2. Thomas B., m. Sophia Apgar (dau. of Peter) ; 3. Noah, m. 
Elisabeth Teats (dau. of Peter R.) ; 4. Philip, died young ; 5. Jane, 
m. Abraham N. Hunt (s. of Thomas); Elisabeth A., m. Peter 
Waters (s. of, William) ; 7. Lydia, m. John Felmley (s. of John) ; 8. 
Ellen, m. George Teats (s. of Peter) ; 9. Mary, m. Andrew John- 
son (s. of Henry) . 
(VII). Frederick I., b. 1785, Nov. 17, m. Elisabeth Lowe (dau. of John); 
had ch. : 1. Eliza, m. John B. Crammer (s. of George) ; 2. Isabel, 
m. Peter M. Apgar (s. of Nicholas) ; 3. Mary, m. William Eich ; 4. 
John Lowe, m. Mary Philhower (dau. of Peter J.); 5. Hannah, 
died young. 
(VIII). William I., b. 1787, Nov. 22, m. Ellenor Hayes, at New Germantown; 
had ch. : 1. Peter, m. Ann Eick (dau. of Morris P.) ; 2. Rebecca, 
m. (1) Peter Post ; (2) David L. Everitt ; 3. Frederick, m. Ann 
Teeter ; 4. John, m. Theodosia Brown; 5. Lydia; m. John E. 
Voorhees, res. at Elisabeth, N. J. 

(IX). Margaret, b. 1790, Dec* 4, m. Benjamin R. Robeson. 

(X). John I., b. 1772, July 18, d. 1865, at 73, m. Lydia Hays (dau. of John) ; 
had ch. : I. John. H, m. Harriet Cor ; 2. Letta, m. John Fleet ; 
3. Elisabeth, m. Peter Eick ; 4. Lydia Ellen, m. Isaiah Apgar 
(s. of Thomas) ; 5. Henry C, m. Catherine Rhinehart (dau. of 
John) ; 6. Charles W. m. Mary C. Flumerfelt (dau. of George) ; 7. 
Thomas A., m. Sarah Cole (dau. of John) ; 8. Mary Jane, died 

(XI). Philip C. b. 1797, Nov. 8, d. 1873, unmarried. 

III. PETER, prob. m. first, Catherine ; second, Dorothea ; had ch. : 

(I). Peter, b. 1768, Nov. 21. 
(II). Anna, b. 1772, April 22. 
(III). Maria, b. 1774, July 9. 
(TV). Elisabeth, b. 1776, Sept. 5. 
(V). Sarah, b. 1779, March 7. By second wife : 

(VI). Frederick, b. 1786, Dec. 11. These names from the Baptismal 
Records, may belong to Peter Hoffman, the son of Jacobus. 

IV. HENRY, not mentioned in the will of his father, but probably had died 

previously, m. Gertraut and had : 

(I). Anna, b. 1783, March 16, m. probably a Cool, grandfather of Harvey 

S. Cool, of German Valley. 
(II). Henry, b. 1785 [1784 on tombstone], Aug. 12, d. 1838, Aug. 28, at 54, 
m. Ann Trimmer (dau. of Conrad and Mary Youngs), b. 25 April, 
1793; bad ch.: 1. Jesse, b. 1813; Sheriff of Morris Co., elder 
of Presbyterian Church in German Valley, res. in German Valley, 
m. (1) Harriet Parker (dau. of Daniel, of Schooley's Mountain); 

Hoffman 413 

<2) Elisabeth Hunt (dau. of William) ; had ch. r Harriet, m. George 

Cain ; Lemuel, m. Elmira Apgar ; Emma; Mary Ann, m. Will 

Voorhees ; Martha, m. Isaac Nunn ; Louise, m. Morris Crater ; 

Sadie and Susie, both deceased ; 2. Isaac, removed to North 

Carolina ; 3. Mary, d. at 19 ; 4. Elisabeth, m. (1) Daniel 

Anthony (9, of John); i2) John Dufford ; 5. Julia Ann, m. (1) 

Jacob Hance ; (2) John Dufford (3d wife); 6. George, m. (1) 

Caroline Price : (2) Margaret Beam (dau. of William) ; 7. Effte, 

m. Morris Lunger ; 8. Caroline, m. Caspar Wack ; 9. Gilbert, 

m. Adaline Heaton ; 10. Silvanus, m. Lena Wack ; 11. Amanda, 

m. Charle9 Ginther ; 12. Clarissa m. Stewart Frazer. 

(HI). John, m. Rebecca, and had ch.: 1. James : 2. Ephratm ; 3. Isaac. 

V. FREDERICK iFritz), m. first, Lena Schuyler (dau. of Philip); second, 

Mamie Hartrum (dau. of George) ; had ch, : 

(I). Henry (" Carpenter "1, b. 1784 (or 1787), Feb. 3, m. 1816, Jan. 13, Ann 
Apgar Idau. of Conrad), b. 1798, March 12 ; bought 20-acre lot, 
where Isaac now lives ; had ch.; 1. Mary, m. Will Anderson (3. of 
William 1st), as his first wife ; 2. Abraham, b. 1S22, March 25, m. 
Anna Bunn (dau. of Peter), lives south of Calif on ; 3. Isaac, 
twin to Abraham, m. first, Mary Everitt (dau. of Jesse) ; second, 
Amanda Anthony (dau. of Jacob); 4. Elisabeth, m. William 
Anderson (s. of William), as his second wife; 5, Hannah, m. James 
Anderson (s. of William) . 
(IB. Anna Mary, b. 1788, May 29, died young. 

(LTD. Philip, b. 1789, Dec. 10, nt Sarah Bunn ; had ch. : 1. Henry, moved 
away ; 2. Anthony, rem. to Ralstontown ; 3. Aaron, rem. to Pea- 
pack ; 4. David, unm. ; lives at Fairmount ; 5. Elisabeth, m. a 
Lomerson ; 6. Mary Ann, m. Henry Van Pelt ; 7. Sophia, ra. 
David T. Farley is. of Richard S.). 
(IV). Peter F., b, 1792, d. 26 July, 1876, m. Anna Philhower (dau. of 
Peter); had ch.; 1. Catherine, m. Peter Teats is. of Adam); 2. 
Ellen, m. Herbert Conover ; 3. Aaron, m. first, Mary -Ann 
Hellebrant ; second, Lydia Thompson (dau. of Judge Thompson, of 
Readington) ; 4. Frederick, m. Elisabeth Tiger (dau. of George A.) ; 
5. Elisabeth, m. Robert D. Pitney ; 6. Emily, m. Jacob Phil- 
hower (s. of Philip) ; 7. George, m. Charlotte Farley (dau. of 
Meinard) ; 8. Mary, m. Wesley R. Fisher ; 9. Peter, m. Jane 

(V). John, m. first, Catherine Philhower (dau. of Peter); second, ; 

rem. to Pennsylvania. 
(VI). Effte, m. 1814, Dec. 24, Jacob Read (s. of John) ; 
(VII). Elsie, m. Tice Apgar (s. of Jacob, 2d wife). By second wife : 
(Vm). George (" Vermickle '~) m. Elisabeth Conover (dau. of Garret); had 
ch. : 1. Harmon ; 2. Amos, of Newark, m. Catherine Fritts ; 3. 
Garret, of High Bridge, N. J. ; 4. Jacob, of High Bridge, m. Jane 
Philhower; 5. George Wesley ; 6. Oly, m. Benjamin Harrington; 
7. Isabella, m. Will Brown, of Chester (deceased); 8. Matthias; 
9. Elisabeth, m. James Mitchell, of High Bridge ; 10. Catherine, 
m. John Miller, of High Bridge ; 11. Conrad, burned to death ; 12. 

414 Early Germans of New Jersey 

(IX). Adam Diets, b, 1805, May 31, m. Elisabeth Hoffman (dau. of Peter 

M.), a cousin ; had ch. : 1. Hiram, m. (1) Hann (dau. of Philip); 

(2) Barbara Philhower (dan. of Jesse) ; 2. Gilbert, m. Mary Ann 
Hiler ; 3. Caroline, died young ; 4. John, m. a Kennedy and 
went West ; 5. Monroe Bcdd, also m. a Kennedy and went West ; 
6. Andrew, m. Mary Ellen Apgar (dau. of Jacob) ; 7. Silas, unm. ; 
8. Joseph, m. (1) Sophia Philhower (dau. of John and widow of 
Jacob Tiger) ; (2) Mary Lake (widow of James Ahpock) ; 9. Manctus 
Hutton, m. a Kennedy and went West ; 10. Mart. m. Paul 
Heldebrant ; 11. Margaret, m. Peter Lance. 
(X). Harmon H., b. 1807, Feb. 7, m. Kittie Lommason ( *au. of Conrad) ; 
had ch. ; 1. Becky, m. John Rhinehart ; 2 Mariah m. Jacob 
Alpock ; 3. Philip, unm. ; 4. Nelson, m. Harriet Apgar (dau. of 

Isaiah) : 5. John, m, Hoffman (dau. of Peter «iH Emil y Cox) . 

(XI). Jacob, died young. 
XII). Conrad, died young. 
(XHI) . Annie, m. John Bunn (s. of Henry) 
(XTV). Amy, died young. 
(XV). Mart Ann, died young. 

(XVI). Charlotte, m. James Buchanan (s. of William). 
(XVII). Huldah. m. Peter Apgar (s. of William), third wife. 
(XVIII). William, died unm. at 20. 
VI. EVA, m. Adam Teats. 
VII. ANNIE, b. 1756, Sept. 4, m. Peter Lance. 
VHI. MARY, b. 1758, June 4, m. William Shueler. 

Hoffmans op Lebanon. 

JOHN, b. 1732, d. 1801. July 2, at 69, m. (1) ; (2) Anna DDs (sister to his son 

Henry's wife and dau. Peter T). The family came from Schoharie Co., N. Y., 
near a small stream called Black River. The first one may have been 
GEORGE, whose name appears on the call to Rev. Albert Weygand, 1749. 
This George may have been a brother or son of Harmonus, of New York, in 
1710. There was a Schwartzkill (or Black River) on Livingston Manor, where 
the Palatines first settled, in New York. John had ch. (order uncertain) • 
I. PETER, b. 2 Sept., 1766, d. 29 March, 1841, m (1) Mary Willett, b. 1768, d. 
1801, March 27, at 33 ; (2) Anna Peggin, b. 1783, d. 1809, April 22, at 26; 
(3). Charlotte Pennear, b. 1796, d. 1812, Feb. 28, at 16 ; (4) Catherine West 
b. 1795, d. 1889 ; had ch. (order uncertain) : 
(I). Elisabeth, m. George Roland. 

(II). Ann, b. 1794, June 3, m. Noah Stewart Crammer (s. of Noah) . 
(III). John P., m. Jane Mathis. 
(IV). William P., m. Jane Jones. 
(V). Abraham P., m. Elisabeth Shurts (s. of George). 
(VI). Isaac P., m. Maria Magdalene Fritte (dau. of John). 
(VII). Charlotte, m. Matthias Crammer (s. of George). 
(VIII). Letitia, m. Nathan Lowe (s. of John). 
(IX). Peter M., m. Ann Gray (dau. of Austin). 
(X). Catherine, m. L. V. Krammer (s. of John B.). 
(XI). Mart, b. 1791, June 6, m. David Wack (perhaps should be No. (1). 
H. w i TJ i TAM has following children, accordihg to the division of his property 

Hoffman 415 

in 1819 (I). Catherine, m. John Tway; (IT. Elisabeth, m. William 

Bowman : (III). John ; (IV). George, m. Bowman (sister to 

William above); (V). Mart m. Nathaniel Hoffman ; (VI). Ann, m. 
Jacob Corson ; (VII). William ; (VIII). Ellenor, m. William A. Apgar 
(s. of Frederick and Annie Aller), b. 8 Sept., 1804; (IS). Christopher. 
under age in 1819. 
til. JOHN, m. il) Sarah Groendyke : (2) Sarah Henderson ; went to Asbury 
after his second marriage and died there ; had ch. : 
(1). John, b. 1796, Dec. 5 ; m. Mary Aller. 
(II). Samuel Groendtke, b. 1799, Sept. 21, m. Anna Hoffman (dau. of 

Peter M.). 
(III). Elisabeth, b. 1801, Aug. 13, died young. 
(IV). Hart, b. 1804, Oct. 23, m. William Gorman. 
(V). Sarah Ann, b. 1810, Feb. 29, num. 
(VI). William, m. Mary Ann Henderson. 
V. MARGARET, m. James Ramsey. 

VI. SARAH, b. 30 May, 1777, d. 19 April, 1857, m. George Lindaberry; rem. to 
Schooley's Mountain. 

VII. HENRY, b. 17 Sept., 1769, d. 25 Jan., 1833, m. Rebecca Dils (dau. of 

Peter *, sister to his father's second wife) ; had ch. : 

(I). Peter H., b. 12 Sept., 1794, m. Elisabeth Cregar (dau. of John), b. 
1795, May 20 : had ch.: 1. Rebecca, b. 1816, July 22 ; 2. John C, 
b. 1817, Dec. 11 ; 3. Ann, b. 1819, May 29; 4. Nathan, b. 1820, 
Nov. 30 ; 5. Jacob, b. 1822, Feb. 16 ,• 6. Joseph, b. 1824, Jan. 6 ; 7. 
Sarah, o. 1825, Sept. 1 : 8. Davtd, b. 1827, June 26 ; 9. Newton. 
b. 1829, April 27 ; 10. Theodore J., b. 1830, Nov. 16 ; 11. James C ., 
b. 1833, March 29 ; 12. Louisa J., b. 1834, July 27; 13. Aaron, b. 
1836, April 21. 
ill). John H., b. 1796, Jan. 19, m. Sarah Fisher dau. of Peter). 
(III). Elisabeth, b. 1797, Sept. 8, d. 1816, June 17. 
(IV). Catherine, b. 1798, Dec. 28, d. 1805, Sept. 10. 
(V). William H., b. 1800, Sept. 12, m. 1820, Oct. 5, Anna Van Vliet 
(dau. of John), b. 1800, Nov. 13 ; lived one-half mile north of 
Lebanon ; had ch. : 1. Henrt W., b 1S21, Aug. 1, m. Sarah Elisa- 
beth Fulkerson ; 2. John W., b. 1823, Oct. 3, m. (1) Sarah A. Bon- 
nell ; i2) Sarah Sebring ; 3. Elisabeth, b. 1826, May 2, m. George 
P. Young (s. of Peter) ; 4. Mart A., b. 1831, Dec. 16, m. Abraham 
B. Van Vliet : 5. Catherine, b. 1835, Sept. 27, m. Ross J. Shurts 
is. of George S.); 6. Luther, b. 1839, Nov. 1, m. Emily Alpaugh 
(dau. of William G.); 7. Jane, b. 1844, Dec. 16, m. John H. 
Crammer (s. of David). 
(VI). Anna, b. 1802, July 6, d. 1818, May 23. 
(VH). Joseph H., b.1803, Dec. 29, m. Catherine Crammer (dau. of William, 

and twin sister to Henry's wife) . 
(VTID. Henrt H., b. 1805, Oct. 9, m. Ellen Crammer (dau. of William). 
(IX.) Jacob H., b. 1808, Jan. 5, m. Mary Porter is. of Timothy). 
(X). George H., b. 1809, Nov. 13, m. Lydia Plumley. 
(XI). Ralph H., b. 1811, Aug. 10, m. Emily Youngs (dau. of Peter). 

VIII. ANNA JULIANNA, b. 20 Nov., 1771. 

4i6 Early Germans of New Jersey 

IX. ELSIE CATHERINE, b. 1 Sept., 1777. 
X. JOSEPH, m. Mary Van Fleet ; had ch. (order uncertain): (I). John. b. 
1804, Nov. 26 ; (II). Henry, b. 1806, June 20, m. Margaret Wyckoff ; 
(HI). Elisabeth, b. 1809, Nov. 20, m. Jacob Wyckoff; (TV). Ann, b. 
1812, July 9. m. John Sharp ; (V). Joseph, m. Hettie Holcombe ; (VI). 
Mahy m. Elisba Waldron ; (VII). Makoaret, m. Henry Stevens ; 
(VIII). David K., do. Mary Young; (IX). Catherine, m. Nathan 
XI. ELISABETH, b. 11 March, 1787, m. John Hall. 

XH. JACOB, m. 1802, Dec. 2, Hannah Traphagen (dau. of David); bad ch.: 
(I). Peter P., m. Ann Porter. 
(H). John T., m. Jane Ramsey, a widow. 
(HI). David T., m. Rachel Ramsey (dau. of John). 


There were probably six brothers and two sisters of the name of Honness : 

I. CONRAD, buried at Clinton, N. J., b. 14 July, 1754, d. 8 Aug., 1843, m. 
Anna Margaret, d. 9 April, 1834, and had ch. : Elisabeth, b. 5 Mar., 1776 ; 
Philip, b. 10 July, 1778, m. 5 Dec., 1812, Mary Shannon, and removed to 
Ithaca, where his son Conrad lived. 
II. JOSEPH, b. 14 May, 1763, d. 12 April, 1828. 


IV. EVA, b. 3 April, 1770, d. 30 Dec, 1804. 

V. CHRISTINA, b. 15 March, 1773, d. 25 Sept., 1844. 

VII. AARON, m. Betsey, and had Joseph and Benjamin. 
GEORGE, one of these brothers, had ch. : 

I. CONRAD, 2d, b. 12 Dec., 1790, d. 4 Oct., 1873 ; owned a farm of 250 acres 
near Anthony, Lebanon twp., Hunterdon Co., m. Rachel Stevenson, b. 
1791, d. 19 Nov., 1844, at 53 ; had ch.: 
(I). George W., b. 1816, d. 5 Jan., 1891, m. first, Mary Alpaugh ; second, 

Mary Lare ; had one child unmarried. 
(LT). Christianna, m. Leonard Crum ; ree. at Glen Gardner. 
(III). Samuel, unmarried. 
II. MICHAEL, b. 25 June, 1797, d. 4 Jan., 1830 ; res. near Anthony, Lebanon 
twp., Hunterdon Co., m. Elisabeth Fritts (dau. of Benjamin); had ch. : 
1. Christianna, d. young ; 2. Benjamin Fritts, a merchant of Clinton, 
N. J., m. first, Elisabeth Probasco (dau. of Alexander), by whom had 
Ada, m Geo. C. Sonn, of Newark ; second, Sarah A. Foster (dau. of 
Thomas), by whom had John, m. a dau. of Dr. French, and George ; 3. 
Sarah Ann. 


The name Hoppoek, originally Eabbach, occurs in the records of the early 
Holland Church at Readington, and this taken in connection with the Holland 
form of the proper names, would indicate that the family is of Holland descent. 
They were at least five heads of families, only two of which can be followed down. 


HENDRICK and wife, Gertie, have a son, Pieter, bap, 10 June, 1733, and PIETER 
and Maritje are witnenses to the baptism ; Pieter and Catherine have a dau., A. 
Maria, bap. 26 May, 1745 ; CORNELIUS is a witness to the baptism of Cornelius, 
one of Tunis' children, in 1740. We give some of the descendants of TEUNIS and 

TEUNIS (Anthony) HOPPOCK, prob. naturalized July, 1730, m. first, Antje ; 
second, Elisabeth ; had ch. bap. (Reading Church Records) : 

I. JOHN GEORGE, bap. 11 Aug., 1734. 
II. CORNELIUS, bap. 10 Feb. 1740, prob. the one b. 18 Dec., 1739, whose 

family is given below, 
m. LENA, bap. 18 July, 1742. The will of a Teunis (Anthony), dated 19 
Oct., 1772, prob. 19 April, 1779, names ch. : 1. Tunis ,• 2. Jacob ; 3. Anna, 
wife of Jerry 1 George) Trimmer ; 4. Maria, wife of Peter Housilt ; 5. 
Sarah, wife of Jacob Fisher [s, of Peter]; 6. Lena, wife of Martin 
Bender ; 7. Elenor, wife of Will. Cool ; S. Catherine. 
CORNELIUS .prob. the son of Teunis), b. 18 Dec., 1739, d. 1814, m. first, 1761, 
Catherine Corle ; second, Jemima Barber, b. 1751 ; had nine children by the 
former, and two by the latter : 1. Anne, b. 9 Jan., 1762, m. a Barbers ; 2. 
George, b. 31 July, 1763, and had Lambert, William and Susan ; 3. Sarah, b. 
4 Nov., 1764 ; 4. Catherine, b. 19 April, 1766,- 5. Mary, b. 29 Oct., 1767, m. a 
Barbers, 6. Cornelius, Jr„ b. 2 Oct., 1769 ; 7. Elisabeth, b. 22 March, 1772, m. 
Joshua Anderson ; 8. Frances, b. Sept., 1774, m. a McGill ; 9. Julia, b. 13 
April, 1776, m. an Anderson. 
JOST (Justus or George) of Amwell twp , Hunterdon County, N. J., whose will, 
prob. 21 Sept., 1761, names wife, Mary and ch. : 

H. PETER, prob. of Lebanon twp., Hunterdon Co., N. J., whose will was 
prob. 2 Sept., 1809, names wife Catherine, and children : 
(I). John, prob. m. Elisabeth, and had children : 1. Catherine, b. 24 May, 

1778 ; 2 Peter, b. 11 , 1780 ; 3. John, b. 14 March, 1785. 

JD. Peter, m. .Anna, and had ch. : 1. Peter, b. 9 Aug., 1788 ; 2. Solomon, 

b. 25 Dec., 1789 ; 3. Conrad, b. 17 April, 1794. 
iIID. Joseph. 

(IV). Georoe, m. a Cregar (dau. of John). 
(V). Anne, m. Will Hann ; uo children. 
(VT). Mact, m. Corson. 

(VII). Catherine, m. John Cregar, Jr. (s. of John). 
(VIII). Elisabeth, m. Barney Fox. 
(IX). Sarah, m. a Williamson. 

III. ANNA. m. Peter AUer. 

IV. LEANAH. m. Peter Young. 
V. ELISABETH, m. Peter Hann. 


BARNABAS HORTON, son of Joseph, of Leicestershire, England, b. July 13, 
1600, in the Hamlet of that shire, d. July 13, 1680, at 80 ; came over in ship 
" Swallow,:' 1633-8 ; landed at Hampton, Mass. ; in 1640 went to Southold with 
Rev. John Youngs, William Welles, Esq., Peter Hallock, John Tuthill, Richard 

4i 8 Early Germans of New Jersey 

Terry, Thomas Mapes, Matthias Corwin, Robert Ackerly, Jacob Cary, John 
Conklin, Isaac Arnold and John Budd ; his will, dated New York, May 10, 
1680. prob. Nov. 18, 1681, names wife Mary and ch. : 
I. JOSEPH, b. about 1632, m. Jane Budd (dau. of John 1st), d. 1664, Rye. 
II. BENJAMIN, b. about 1634, m. Anne Budd (dau. of John 1st), 1665, who d. 
at Rye, Nov. 3, 1690 ; bad no children. 

III. CALEB, b. about 1640, at Southold. (See his family below). 

IV. JOSHUA, b. about 1643, m. Mary Tuthffl, d. Southold, 1729 ; had son, 

(I). Joshua, who had son Rev. Simon, b. Mar. 30, 1711; pastor of Connect. 
Farms and Staten Island. 
V. JONATHAN, b. about 1648, d. Feb. 23, 1707, at homestead ; had one son : 
(1). Jonathan ; had one son, Azariah, b. Mar. 20, 1715, d. Mar. 27, 1777. 
First pastor for 25 years of church at Madison, N. J. 
VI. HANNAH, m. Barnabas ferrill. 
VII. SARAH, m. Joseph Conklin. 
VIII. MART, m. Joseph Budd (s. of John). 
IX. MERCY, m. Christopher Youngs. 
X. ABIGAIL, m. Charles Booth. 
CALEB, son of Barnabas, b. about 1640, at Southold, d. Oct. 3, 1702, m. Abigail 
Hallock (dau. of Peter the Pilgrim), b. Dec. 23, 1665, who d. 1697 ; settled at 
Cutchogue. L. I.; freeman, Conn., 1664 : land deeded to him same year ; in 
1676 rated for 30 acres, 37 cattle, 5 horses. £282, and in 1683 his valuation was 
£350 : in 16S6 has four males and sis females in his family ; had children, all 
born at Cutchogue : 
I. BARNABAS, b. Sept. 23, 1666, m. Sarah Hines. 
II. JONATHAN, b. 1668, m. Bertha Conklin. 

III. NATHAN, b. 1670 ; no children. 

IV. DAVTD, b. 1672, m. Mary Horton (dau. of Jonathan 1st). 
V. MARY, b. 1675, m. Nathaniel Terry. 

VI. HANTJAH, m. Ensign John Booth (s. of John I). 
VII. ABIGAIL, m. David Booth (s. of Charles and Abigail Horton). 
IX. RACHEL, d. unmarried. 
BARNABAS, son of Caleb and Abigail, b. 23 Sept., 166G, at Cutchogue, L. I., ni. 
Sarah Hines. and had ch. : 1. Caleb, b. 22 Dec. 1687, at Southold, L. I. ; (see his 
family below) ; 2. Barnabas, b. about 1690. rem. to Goshen, Orange Co., N. Y., 
about 1732 ; 3. Penelope ; 4. Bethia. 
CALEB, s. of Barnabas and Sarah Hines, b. 22 Dec, 1687, at Southold, L. I., m. 
10 Dec, 1714, Phebe Terry (dau. of Nathaniel, s. of Richard, 1st), b. Southold, 
1698 ; moved to Roxbury, Morris Co., N. J., 1748 ; bought 1782 acres (the Gar- 
diner tract), in what is now Chester twp., of Isaac Pierson, 3 March, 1747. This 
tract had been conveyed to Isaac Pierson, 23 July, 1719, by Matthew Gardiner 
(Burlington, Lib. E, fol. 86). His will was dated Roxbury, May 16, 1759 ; had 
children : 
I. CALEB, b. 1715, m. 1737, Sarah Benjamin, b. 1717 ; had ch. 
(I). Caleb, b. 1738. 
(II). Richard. 
(III). Stephen. 
(IV). Justin, unmarried. 


(V). Patty. 
(VI). Sally. 
(VII). Mary, [? m. Richard Sweazy is. of Samuel)]. 
II. HANNAH, b. 1717, m. Samuel Sweazy (s. of Joseph). 

III. NATHANIEL, b. Oct. 13, 1719, d. Jan. 24, 1804, at 85, m. Mehetabel Wells 
1740 : hadch.: 

(I). " Deacon" Nathaniel, b. 1741, d. Aug. 13, 1824, m. 1761, Rebecca 
Robinson, b. June 31, 1742, d. Dec. 14, 1819 ; had ch. : 

1. Hcldah, b. Jan. 14, 1782, m. Joel Coe, d. Dec. 13, 1803. 

2. Rebecca, b. Dec. 31, 1763, m. Ben. Fordyce, d. 1840. 

3. Jonah, b. 1766, d. Feb. 19, 1843, m. first, Hannah Bryant, b. 1786, 

d. Dec. 14, 182-* ; second, Jane Dalrymple ; had ch. by first wife : 
(1). Elirha B., b. 1808. d. Feb. 23. 1885, m. Mary A. B. Crone, b. 
1S21, d. 1853 ; by second wife : (2). Barney C, m. Ruth Cramer 
(dau. of Morris) ; '3). Archibald O., m. Matilda ililler ; (4). Lydia 
C, m. Darnel Horton is. of Phineas) ; had one child. Daniel ; 5). 
Cclestin, m. David Cooper Horton is. of Caleb and Julia Terry) . 

4. Susan, m. Rob. McCollam. Mar. 30, 1798, d. Calais, N. Y. 

5. Polly, b. 1768, d. Nov. 9, 1842, at 74, m. David Lewis, b. 1771, d. 

1820, May 29, at 59. 

6. Nathaniel, died young. 

7. Hiram, died young. 

8. Mehetabel, died young. 

9. Elisha, b. 1777, m. Mary Horton ; lived at Scipio, N. Y. 

10. Col. Nathaniel, b. Chester, Sept. 15, 1778, d. Dec. 17, 1856, in. 

1801, Eunice Horton (dau. of Daniel), d. June 7, 1857 ; was Col. 
in the Militia ; had ch.: (1). Julia, b. 1802, m. Nathan Hortoa 
is. of Phineas); (2). .4 (in Eliza, b. 1804, m. Levi Vanarsdale : (3). 
Martha, b. 1806, m. Isaac Oakford ; (4). Lydia, b. 1809, m. Chas. 

11. Hiram, b. Feb. 16, 1780, d. May 22. 1852, m. 1802. Mary Rose. b. 

Feb. 29, 1778, d. Mar. 6, 1855 ; had ch.: (1). Rebecca, b. Dec. 29, 
1809, m. Dan. S. DeCamp ; |2). Stephen Overton, b. July 21, 1811, 
m. Dency Horton (dau. of Daniel) ; (3). Elisabeth Selina, b. 1813. ra. 
first, Silas Olney ; second, Capt. Lenion : (4). JJary Hose, b. Apr. 
8, 1818, m. Alfred Horton is. of Elijah). 

12. Esther, b. 1782, m. Silas Horton is. of Elijah), third wife. 

13. Aaron b. 17*8, m. first, Nancy Cramer : second, Maria Craig ; 

third, Pamela Smith ; fourth, Jane Hawk : had children by first 

wife : (1). Silas, b. 1812, m. Mary Trimmer idau. of John); (2). 

Lydia, m. Timothy Coleman ; (3). Aaron Decatur, m. a Clark : 

(4). Huldah, ra. Will Bedle ; (5). Nathaniel Charles, m. Ly.iia 

Cum back 

(II). Benjamin, b. 1743, d. at Brutus, N. Y. ; had three children. 

(III). David, b. Sept. 2, 1750, at Chester, m. Olive Skellinger, b. Mar. 28, 

1761 ; was a soldier in Revolutionary war and a pensioner ; had ch.: 

1. Edward, b. Mar. 17, 1777, m. Charlotte Seward (cousin to Gov. 

William Seward). 

2. Mehetabel. 

3. Daniel, m. Esther Terry (dau. of Caleb) ; had one child Dency, m. 

4 2o Early Germans of New Jersey 

Stephen O. Horton (s. of Hiram). 
(IV). Daniel, b. Chester, 1751, d. Nov. 27, 1835, m. Martha Terry (dan. of 
Richard and Mary Horton), b. 1757, d. Feb 9, 1842, ; had oh.: 

1. Stephen, died young. 

2. Eunice, b. 1782, m. Col Nathaniel Horton. 

3. Daniel (perh. s. of David), m. Esther Terry. 

4. Ltdia, m. Will Skellinger. 

5. Esther, m. first, Silas Horton ; second, Phineas Horton (s. of 

Nathan) her nncle. 
(V). Mehetabel, m. Edward Lewis. 

(VT). Polly, m. Nathaniel Terry (s. of Richard 1st). , 

TV NATHAN, b. 1720, Capt. in Revolutionary army ; his will dated April 12, 
1807, prob. Feb. 13, 1808, " Chester," m. Mehetable Case about 1749 ; had 
children : 

(I). Israel, b. 1750 ; died young. 
(II). Jemima, m. Robert Huyson. 

(HI). David, m. Lydia Sweazy (dau. of Caleb's son, Samuel 1st); had ch. 

at least : 

1. Caleb, mentioned in will of Nathan as "my grandson Caleb, s. of 

David." m. Julia Terry (dau. of Caleb) ; built the old brick house 

at Milltown, between German Valley and Chester ; had ch.: (1). 

Isaiah, unmarried ; (2). David Cooper, m. Celestin Horton (dau. 

of Jonah), and had, Julia, died young ; Anna Elisabeth, m. Ira 

Chamberlin ; Julia Terry, m. N. C. Vannatta ; Lydia Esther, 

m. Henry P. Drake (s. of Jacob 0.) ; Caleb Vanderveer, unm. ; 

David Ellis, unm. ; (3). Miriam, m. James Vanderveer, and had, 

Louisa (wife of Hampton Nichols), Julia, John, Caleb and James 

Vanderveer ; (4) . Richard, died young. 

(TV). Bethia, b. 14 Oct., 1754, d. 21 Jan., 1839, m. Daniel Sweazy (s. of 

Samuel, s. of Caleb). 
(V). Nathan, b. 25 Feb., 1757, m. Elisabeth Eagles ; soldier in the Revo- 
lution ; rem. to New River, N. C. 
(VI). Zephaniah, b. Nov. 13, 1760, d. North Carolina, April 5, 1844, m. 

Jane McCurry (dau. of Malcolm) . 
(VII). Sarah, b. 11 Aug., 1761, d. 11 Oct., 1803, m. Caleb Terry (s. of 

Richard 1st). 
(Viri). Phineas, b. Feb. 17, 1774, d. Feb. 8, 1857, m. first, Oct. 19, 1797, 
Bethia Luce (dau. of Lewis) ; she d. Aug. 20, 1809 ; second, Esther 
Horton (dau. of Daniel and Martha) : had ch. : 

1. Sarah, b. Mar. 27, 1799, m. Jer. Wilcox. 

2. Nathan, b. Dec. 27, 1801, m. Julia Horton (dau. of Col. Nathaniel) ; 

had ch.: (1). Eunice Ann, m. Hiram Westbrook ; (2). Mary 
Elisabeth; (3). Martha; (4). Nathaniel, died young. 

3. Elias, b. Feb. 6, 1803, m. Melinda Lewis (dau. of David) ; had ch. : 

(1). David H., m. Mary Dildine ; (2). Mary. A., m. first, Fred. 
Morrow ; second, John M. Drink-water ; (3). Elias, m. Mary 
Pinkney ; (4). Esther Cramer, m. Will Moore, of Pottersville. 

4. Mart, b. Feb. 6, 1806, m. Dan. Skellinger. 

5. Martha Esther, b. June 7, 1819. 

6. Daniel, b. Aug. 3, 1820, m. Lydia C. Horton (dau. of Jonah). 

Horton — Howell 421 

(TX). Esther. 
(X). Zechariah. 
V. PHEBE, b. 1728, m. Henry Tnthill. 

VI. ELIJAH, b. June 19, 1724, d. Oct. 7, 1799, m. Lydia Sweazy (dau. of Sam- 
uel), b. Alar. 4, 1731 (?l, d. Mar. 18, ; had ch. : 

(I). Silas, b. Chester, July 17, 1746, d. Dec. 10, 1842, m. first, Susan Cor- 
vrin (dau. of Isaac), d. July 9, 1790 ; second, Mary Kelsey (dau. of 
William and Hannah), b. Jan. 26, 1770, d. Dec. 2, 1803; third, 
Esther Horton (dau. of Nathaniel and Martha Terry), b. 1782, d. 
Feb. 5, 1852 ; Silas left S3,200 to Congregational Church ; by first 
wife only one child, Lydia Corwin, who m. Isaac H. Horton, and 
d. 1816, childless. 
(II). Barnabas, b. Sept. 27, 1749, at Chester, d. Dec. 6, 1800, m. 1783, 
Elisabeth Coleman (sister of Ami and Joseph), b. Jan. 3, 1760, d. 
Jan. 26, 1831 ; his will, dated Chester, Oct. 16, 1809. prob. Dec. 28 ; 
had eh.: 1. •' Joanna Horton"; 2. Nathan Corwin, b. 17.84, d. 
May 5, 1806; 3. Elisabeth, b. Nov. 1786, d. May 5, 1806. m. 
Nathaniel Corwin is. of William), not mentioned in will of Bar- 
nabas ; 4. Roth, m. Lodewick Horton, of Goshen, N. T. ; 5. Patty 
Coleman, b. Sept. 23, 1802, m. John W. Tharp. 
(HI). Elijah, b. Chester, Dec 19, 1756, d. Aug. 20, 1799, m. first, Ruth 
Coleman, of Goshen, N. Y. ; secrmd, Mary Pitney ; by first wife. 
1. Ann, and 2. Betsey, who m. and settled in Canada ; by second 
.wife, 3. Elijah, b. Dec. 15, 1794, m. Sarah Overton (dau. of Rev. 
Stephen) ; 4. Ephraim, b. 1796, died young. 
VII. RICHARD, b. about 1726, m. Elisabeth Harrison ; moved to Chester about 
1750, thence to Radnor, Del. Co. , Pa. ; were Quakers. 
VIII. RHODA, b. 1728, d. Chester June 30, 1771, at 43 years, m. Rob't Robinson. 
IX. MART, b. about May 19, 1726, d. Nov. 16, 1807, m. Richard Terry, of 
X. RACHEL, b. about 1733, m. Aug. 23, 1753, Jonathan Racket. 
XI. SARAH, b. about 1735, m. Stephen Sweazy. 
MILTON HORTON, of Flanders, had a brother William and they were sons of 
JOHN, who came from L. I. to Newark. He was b. 1820, m. Martha Sutton 
(dau. of Richard) and had eleven children ; 1. Mary Levina, unmarried , 2. 
Lemuel, rem. to the West ; 3. Isaac D., of German Valley, member of the 
firm of Horton & Welsh, manufacturers of hubs ; Justice of the Peace ; m. 
Emily Frone (dau. of John), by whom he has ch., Leuris, Fred., Edward, 
Mamie (dec.), Annie (dec.), Elmer (dec.), Ella (dec.), Edna ; 4. Sarah, died 
young ; 5. Ezra, m. Jane Hull, res. Newark ; 6. Alice, m John Whitenack ; 
7. Melissa, m. Whitefield Chambers, of Ralstontown ; 8. Jane, unmarried ; 
9. Elmer, m. Ellen Clausen, res. in Newark ; 10. Charles, of Flanders ; 11. 
Etta, m. John Hoffman, salesman, of German Valley. 


WILLIAM, of Wedon, Bucks Co., England ; made will 30 Nov., 1557, and died 
that year ; his son Edward, bap. 22 July, 1584, m. Frances, buried 2 July, 
1630. The manor of this Edward is still standing ; he sold much of his estate 
in 1639 and brought his family to Boston ; made freeman there, 14 March, 

422 Early Germans of New Jersev 

1639-40 ; had a grant at Lynn ; later he headed a colony to Southampton, L_ 
I., where his name occurs in a deed of date, 1040. 
EDWARD, s. of 'William, bap. 22 July, 1584, m. first, Frances, buried 2 July, 1630, 
in England : second, Eleanor ; had ch. : 
I. HENRY, bap. 20 Dec, 1618, buried 1619 
II. MARGARET, bap. 24 Nov., 1622, m. Rev. John Moore, of Southold. 

III. JOHN, bap. 22 Nov., 1624, called Major. 

IV. EDWARD, bap. Sept., 162C, m. first, Mary Fordham (dau. of Rev. Rob't) ; 

second, Mary Bryan, (dau. of Richard, of Milford, Conn.) ; great-grand- 
father of Jeremiah Howell, of Parsippany. 
V. MARJERY, bap. 1 June, 1628. 
VI. RICHARD, bap. 1629. 
VII. ARTHUR, child of second wife. 

VIII. EDMUND, b. 1635, d. 170C. occupied the homestead at Southampton, L. I., 
until 169S, then removed to Cape May Co., N. J., m. first, a daughter of 
Thomas Sayre and perhaps, second, Sarah Judson (dau. of Joseph, of 
Stratford. Conn.), who died 29 Aug., 1688, and had ch. : Elisabeth, b. 10 
Oct., 1669. and Sarah, b. 10 April, 1685, and Edmund. 
RICHARD, s. of Edward, bap. 1629, m. (1) Elisabeth Halsey (dau. of Thomas) ; (2) 
Miss Raynor (dau. of Joseph) ; had ch. : 

I. RICHARD, d. 1740. 
II. JOSIAH, b. 1675, d. 1752, m. Mary, b. 1681, d. 1760 ; had ch.: 

(I). Abner, b. 22 June, 1699, m Eunice Fithian, of East Hampton : had 
children : 

1. David, b. 10 Feb., 1740. 

2. Phineas, b. 5 Nov., 1742, m. the widow Roberts and rem. to New 

Jersey ; had ch. (1). S'lvanus ; (2). Hervey: (3). Hiram, b. 1787, 
lived at Flanders ; (4). Aaron, m. Ann Williams ; lived at Middle 
Valley and New Germantown ; (5). Richard, b. 1793 ; had a son 
Benjamin A., of Flanders ; (6). Harriet, second wife of Abram 
Cooper, of Oxbow, N. Y. ; (7). Susannah, first wife of Abram 

3. Eunice, b. 20 March, 1744, m. Stephen Howell, of Sag Harbor. 

4. Mary, b. 15 Jan., 1746. 

5. Thomas. 

0. Stephen, b. 12 Aug., 1749. 

7. Mehetabel, b. 24 May, 1751. 
(II). Phebe. 
(III). Elisha, b. 1704. 
(IV). Mart. 
(V). Josiah, b. 1709. 

(VI). Elias, removed to New Jersey, d. on the way from Southampton, 
L. I., to Roxbury or Chester ; had ch.: 

1. Elias, b. 1745, d. 30 May, 1800, m. Abigail Rogers, dau. Stephen, 

b. 1746, d. 11 Sept., 1794, at 48 ; " wife of Elias Howell, Esq., of 
Southampton, L. I." ; he built a house at Milltown. near Chester, 
Morris Co., N. J. ; will 15 June, 1799, prob. 13 June, 1800 (Trenton 
Lib. 39, fol. 99) ; had ch. : (1). Elias 3d, m. Nancy Rogers, dau. 
Obadiah; had ch.: (a). Obadiah, b. 16 Oct., 1804, m. Ehza 
Roberts (dau. of Amos) : (b). Nancy, unm. ; (c). Elisabeth, b. 30 

Howell , 2 , 

Jan., 1813, m. Thomas M. Carlisle ; (d). George, b. 23 Sept., 1817 
d. on voyage home from California ; (2). Thomas M.. went away : 
(3). Jehiel II.; (4). Maltby, b. 17S5 ; ,5). Hcldah, b. 1766. d. 22 
Oct., 1810. m. Jared Haines (s. of James); ;6t. Phebe, m. Elias 
Hudson ; (7). Abigail ; (S). Stephen R., bap 1787 
III. HEZEEIAH. b. 1677, d. 4 Dec., 1744. 
VI. DANIEL, from L. I. to Ewing, N. J., b. 1680, d. 25 April, 173* at 5" • 
bought land at Ewing, N. J., 1702 and 1705 ; had eh. : David, b 'l705 d' 
24 Oct., 1775, m. Mary Baker ; Phebe, b. 28 Sept., 1707, m. John Scudder- 
Elisabeth, b. 9 Jan., 1709, m. William Pearson ; John, b. 13 June 1712 ■ 
Hannah, b. 24 Feb.. 1714 ; Daniel, b. 24 Feb., 1716 ; Mary, b 6 Feb ' 
1718; Abigail, b. 1720, d. 31 Jan., 1746 ; Joshua, b. 11 Oct.. 1722 ■ Hez- 
ekxah, b. 7 Aug., 1727; Prudence, b. 13 Jan, 1734. See "Settlers Tren- 
ton and Ewing" for further genealogy 
VH. CHRISTOPHER, from L. I. to Ewing, N. J., b. 1689, ,1. 25 April 1779 at 
90 m. Joanna, b. 1698, d. 31 Oct., 1789, at 91 ; had ch.: Christopher ■ 
Obadiah; Stephen: Josiah ; Isaac; Rhoda, m. (1) a Rue ; (2) a Scott- 
Abigail, m. Mr. Dumont 
JAC ° B ; °i Roxbul 7' ^rding to his will, dated 19 March. 1791, prob. 28 June 
1.94 (Trenton Lib. 35, fol. 145), m. Lydia ; had ch. ; Joshua, Seth, Jonathan' 
Jacob Elisabeth, Sarah, m. Isaiah Howell, "Markit" , Margaret .-). m - 
Mulford, Azuba, m. a Hopkins, Lydia, Mary, Dollie, Patience Eunice 
„ ^L a * wa -™y and had Jonathan Howell Swazev, Joanna, \nnie 

NATHAN, perhaps b. 1729, d. 29 March, 1803, in. Sarah, b. , d 7 \u- 1813 

Inventory and division of property, 29 Dec., 1806. among foUowing children - ' 
I. ISAAC b , June. 1759. d. 19 Aug., 1832, m. Rachel Bunn, b. 21 Dec., 
1761, d. . Sept., IS49 ; his will 28 March, prob. 3 Sept., 1832 ; had ch - 

1. Nathan, m. Betsey Pace (dau. of Fred.); has ch. Elian, d. about 

1822, unm.; Nelson, m. Catherine Lance (dau. of Geo.i; Clarissa 
and Mary, both unmarried. 

2. Isaac, m. Barbara Pace (dau. of Fred.) ; had ch. : Fred., m Eliza 

A. Hoover ; Huldah, m. John Stark, of Flanders ; Isaac rem 
to the West ; Delilah, m. Abram Voorhees ; Wilson, m. (1) Marv 
A. Blane; (2) Catherine A. Call ; Catherine, m. Will. Fleming 
Elisabeth A., m. Charles Rose. 

3. Samuel, went to N. Y. 

4. Stephen I., b. 8 June, 1803, d. 9 Jan., 1890, ra. Ann Demport, b 
10 June, 1810, d. 23 Nov. 1881 ; had ch. : Harriet, m. Jacob Willis ; 
Miriam, b. 1834, m. Lewis Amerman ; Virgil, b. 1836, m a Meeks ■ 
Matilda, b. 1837, died young ; Emily, b. 1839, m. Hugh Paulison- 
George P., b. 1841, m. (1) Rachel Seals (dau. of Andrewi ■ (2) 
■Sarah Messier (dau. of Will.); Margaret, b. 1*43, m. Theo B 
Wortman; Melissa.b. 1845, m. Sam. W. Seals (s. of Andrew)- 

424 Early Germans of New Jersey 

Albert, b. 1847, rem. to Illinois ; Elias, b. 1849, m. Frances J. 
MacCracken (dau. of Peter); Henrietta, m, John Scribner (s. of 
William) ; Stephen, unmarried. 

5. Phebe, m. (1) Jacob Ader ; (2) 

6. Sarah, m. George Pickle. 

7. Anna, m. William Blane. 

8. Mary, m. Michel Pace (s. of Fred.>. 

9. Rachel, b. 1802, m. Daniel Pace (s. of Fred.). 
10. Jr/LiA. 


III. ISRAEL, b. 27 Aug., 1762, d. 27 March, 1837. 



VI. SARAH, m. a Guest. 


SAMPSON HOWELL, buried at Union cemetery, a few miles from Hope, Warren 

Co., N. J. ; was the father of a larg-3 family scattered throughout Warren and 

Susses Counties. He was b. 1718, d. 3 Feb., 1803 ; belonged to the Church of 

England, and, according to his tombstone, preached at times ; had three sons : 

I LEVI, b. 1746. d. 1825 ; had ch. : George, Samuel and Mrs. Harris. 

II. SAMPSON, of Hardwick, Warren Co., N. J., b. 1 May, 1750, d_ 20 Dec., 

1810, m. Elisabeth Richards, b. 3 March, 1750, d. 18 April, 1818 ; will 

prob. 20 Feb., 1811 ; had ch. : 1. Isaac, b. 1777, d. 1835 ; had ch. : Philip 

S.; David K.; Elisabeth, m. (1) Henry Corsen ; (2) Robert Van Sickle ; 

Susan, m. John Albertson ; 2. James, b. 27 Nov., 1778 ; had ch. : John 

L.; Nichols; Robert; Mary A., m. Stephen Morev ; 3. Levinah, b. 

1780, d. 1854, m. George Van Horn ; had ch. : William, Isaac, Green, 

Shaver and George ; 4. Levi, had ch. : Aaron ; Susan, m. Dr. Roe ; 

Nelson and Garret ; 5. Nathan, b. 11 Nov., 1784 ; 6. Garret, b. 28 Sept. 

1783, d. 12 Jan., 1837 ; had ch. : Euphemia; Letitia, m. Miller ; Gideon 

L., of Hope, N. J.; 7. John, b. 26 June, 1788 ; had ch. mostly in Blairs- 

town, N. J ; a daughter who m. Hemingway ; a daughter who m. Dr. 

Johnson ; 8. Aaron, b. 3 Oct., 1790 ; rem. to Egg Harbor, 1811-15 ; had 

ch. : Caroline, m. Godfrey Nolan ; Labaw ; Thadeus ; Elisabeth ; 

Thomas; George; William; John R., of Mt. Holly; Dr. Aaron, of 

Camden ; Ada, m. Sexton Howell, of Mt. Holly ; Ella, dec. ; 9. Achsah, 

b. 29 Nov., 1792, m. David Kinney, of Livonia, P. O., N. Y., 10. Letitia, 

b. 8 May, 1795. m. James Buckley, of Alton, HI.; 11. Uzal Oqden, b. 16 

Dec, 1797, d. 7 April. 1834 ; had ch. : Alexander C, of Hackettstown, 

K. J. ; C.I , of Corning, N. Y. ; Uzal E., of Vienna, Warren Co., N. J. ; 

Isaac B., of Hackettstown ; Sampnon O , of Vienna, N. J. 

HI. JONAH, b. 1757, d. 1849, at 92 ; had ch. : Asa, Caleb and Mrs. Osmun. 

SAMUEL (prob. s. of Charles and Deborah), m. 10 Oct., 1782, Rachel Drake (dau. 

of Col. Jacob, of Drakesville, N. J.) ; had ch : 1. Jacob Drake, b. 24 July, 

1783 ; had ch. : Ichabod, Theodore (father of Harry and Samuel in leather 

business in Newark, N. J.), Drusilla ; 2. Elias H, b. 19 June, 1785 ; had ch. : 

Clarissa, Charles and Harriet ; 3. John H., b. 29 July, 1787 ; 4. Stephen H., 

b. 22 Aug., 1789, m. Esther Wade; had ch.: Charles, Stephen, Caroline, 

Julia, William, George, Catharine ; 5. Charity, b. 7 Nov., 1791, d. 4 May, 

1845, m. as his second wife, 27 July, 1826, Thomas Larason ; 6. Charles, b. 16 

Howell — Hummer — Hunt 425 

Sept., 1793 ; printer at Morristown ; 7. Mart, b. 1 March, 1796, d. 5 March, 
1825, m. as his first wife, 18 March, 1819, Thomas Larason ; 8. Clarissa, b. 14 
March, 179S, d. 26 May, 1798 ; 9. Eliza, b. 3 April, 1799, m. Robert Wilson, of 
Flanders, for his first wife ; 10. Samuel, b. 6 Aug., 1801, m. Catherine Dal- 
remas, of Flanders, N. J. ; 11. Harriet, b. 15 May, 1804, m. Robert Wilson for 
his second wife. 


HERBERT HUMMER and ADAM were naturalized by act of Assembly, July, 
1730. They were prob. brothers. Herbert's will dated, Somerset Co., 3 May, 
prob. 2 Oct., 1766, names ch. : 

I. JACOB, m. Maria, and had Sara, b. 1 Jan., 1774 (Lebanon records). 

II. TUNIS (Anthony), m. Anna Christina, and had Johannes, b. 12 April, 

1771 ; Catherine, b. 22 Dec., 1773 ; George, b. 2 Feb., 1776 ; perhaps also 

Harmon, whose children sign deed for property near Annandale in 1812, 

viz., Tunis, Johnson, Jacob, Christian, John, William. 

HI. ADAM, m. Elisabeth, and had : Anna Eva. b. 13 Sept., 1768 ; John, b. 2 

Dec., 1770 ; Anna Elisabeth, b. 29 Jan., 1773. 

V. ELISABETH, m. Feb., 1759, Peter Young. 
VI — VIII. Daughters, whose names are unknown. 


THOMAS HUNT, b. 1626 in England, d. 1694 ; came to this country 1652 ; in 
principles a High Churchman ; bought land at Throckmorton's Neck, N. Y., in 
1652 ; possessed of Hunt's Point, N. Y., in 1686, m. Cicely Pasley ; had at 
least : 

THOMAS, 2d. b. 1626, res. at West Farms, N. Y., m. Elisabeth Jessop (dau. of Ed- 
ward, of Westchester) ; had c' : Thomas, Josiah, Joseph, John, Abigail, 

THOMAS, 3d (3. of Thomas, 2d), b. 1663, res. at West Farms, N. Y., m. Elisabeth 
Gardner, b. 1667, d. 1724; had ch.: Thomas, Lewis, Robert, Abigail. 

AUGUSTINE (s. of Thomas, 3d), b. 15 Sept., 1716, d. 24 March, 1809. m. Lydia 
Holloway, of Welsh descent, born in Massachusetts 4 Jan., 1725 ; had children : 
Austin, Gardiner A., Holloway W., a Daughter, m. Z. Cobb ; a 

Daughter, m. Lowrie ; a Daughter, m. John Martin, of Claverdale, N. 

Y. Augustine Hunt rem. from New York to near Wyoming. There have 
been thus far six ministers, seven physicians and two lawyers in direct descent 
from Augustine Hunt. He removed from New York State to near Wyoming, 
Pa., where he bought a tract of " Election land," but after his losses there at 
the time of the massacre moved back to Orange Co., N. Y. He wrote a pamph- 
let called " Hunt's Mite," in which he discussed political and religious doctrines. 
He *as "a proficient in the arts and sciences, conversant in medicine and 
theology, and also often an adviser in legal affairs." His wife was a devoted 
Baptist, and her eminent piety left a deep impression on her children. He died 
at the age of 92. 

GARDINER A. HUNT (s. of Augustine), was a pastor for a long period at King- 
wood, Hunterdon Co. , and at Harmony, Warren Co. 

426 Early Germans of New Jersey 

HALLOW AT WHITFIELD HUNT (s. of Augustine), was told by his father, "All 
I have to give you is a dollar, and to seek for you the blessing of God." Be- 
coming a Christian, he began life as a Methodist minister, but finding his edu- 
cation inadequate, so soon as he procured means, he prepared for college, and 
graduated from Nassau Hall, 1794, He was b. 9 April, 1769 ; pastor of Sparta, 
N. J., seven years, and of Bethlehem and Alexandria, 40 years, and part of 
this period also pastor of King wood. He had a son named after him, HOLLO- 
WAT W., b. at Sparta, 1"99, d. , m. Amanda Hann (dau. of Law- 
rence) ; pastor of Pleasant Grove Church, his first and only charge. He had 
children : 1. Caroline, m. Dr. Joseph Cook, of Washington, N. J. ; 2. 
Hollowat W., m. Caroline Martin, (dau of John and Elisabeth Sharp), a 
prominent lawyer of Schooley's Mountain ; has been a member of the Legis- 
lature ; director of the National Bank of Hackettetown ; an elder of the 
Presbyterian Church of Schooley's Mountain ; largely engaged in the oare of 
trust funds and the settling of estates : 3. La whence, m. first, a dau. of Rev. 
Mr. Stoutenberg ; second, Mary Uhle (dau. of John Martin and wid. of Harbert 
Uhle) : 4. Rettie, m. Dr. Henry Stiger, of Mendham. 

RALPH HUNT, of Newton, L. I., prob. a brother of THOMAS, the emigrant of 
New York, came to Long Island in 1652 ; he had 6 children. 

SAMUEL (s. of Ralph, 1st), rem. from Long Island to New Jersey; he had a son, 
Samuel, who was the father of Ralph, who owned considerable land in Sussex 
Co. His father (Samuel) lived at Clinton, which was originally called Hunt's 
Mills. The complete genealogy is given in Settlers of Trenton and Ewing. 


RICHARD ILIFF, was a Quaker, who came from England to Eingwood, Hunterdon 
Co., N. J. ; m. a wife of Welsh parentage. Had at least one son : 
I. JOHN, who settled at Tinnicum, Bucks Co., Pa., and at his death left an 
estate of 1800 acres which was divided among five sons : 
(I). Benjamin, a Methodist preacher, who died at New Germantown, N. 
J., 1806, m. Ann Housworth ; had ch. : 

1. Valentine, m. a daughter of Alex. Moore, of Penn. and rem. to 


2. John, m. three times. 

3. Mart Ann, m. William Purcell, of Hunterdon Co. 

4. Elijah W., b. 14 Jan., 1802, d. 31 March, 1879, m. Sarah Hiner 

(dau. of William), b. 16 Feb., 1799, d. 13 April, 1862 ; resided in 
Tewksbury twp., Hunterdon Co.; had ch.: (1). Ann, m. Isaac 
Amerman ; (2). Alpheue, m. Mary E. Pbilhower ; had ch.: 
Sarah E., m. Jas. L. Buchanan ; res. at Stanhope ; Richard W., 
m. (1) Eliza Fritts (dau. of Fred.); (2) Mary E. Fine (dau. of 
John); rem. to Illinois ; Elijah W.. died young ; John W., m. 
Barbara Osborn ; rem. to Nebraska ; Mahlon W., died young ; 
Horace, m. Susanna Pickle (dau. of Sam.); Ann M., m. Garret 
C. Wack (s. of Casper) ; Mary J., m. Furman H. Alpaugh ; Wil- 
liam H., died in Nevada ; (3). Benjamin, m. Elmiia Johnson ; 
(4). John, died young ; (5). Mart Elisabeth, died young ; (6). 
Hiram, died young ; (7). Elias P., m. Mary M. Drake (dau. of 
Amos H.) ; res. in Warren Co. 

Iliff — Kelsey — Kemple 427 

5. Benjamin, m. Margaret Wilson (Harmony, Warren Co.). 
(II). John and (III). Samuel, went to Zanesville, Ohio. 
(IV). James, b. 1786, Feb. 22, m. Elisabeth Moore ; res. at Newton, Sussex 

Co., N. J. 
(V). Joseph, Methodist preacher of Philadelphia Conference. 
(VT). Mercy, m. John Purcell. 
(VII). Ltdia, m. Abel White. 
(Vlll). Margaret, m. Thomas Upjohn. 
(IX). Sarah, m. Solomon Housworth. 
Miscellaneous — Edmund Ildt on 11 July, 1737, has 1,028 acres surveyed to 
him in Salem Co. [Bass' B'k of Surveys, p. 352). 


JOSEPH KELSEY, Sen., of Elisabethtown ; his will. 13 Feb., 1739, prob. 1 July, 
1742, names ch : I. JOSEPH, whose will prob. 2 Nov.. 1753, names only his 
brothers and sisters ; II. BENJAMIN ; III. DANIEL, has at least Mary and 
Ruth ; IV. MARCY CUTTOR ; V. HANNAH BADGLEY, prob. wife of 
James ; VI. MARY OLLIVER has daus.. Hannah and Mary; VII. RUTH, m. 
Benjamin Ellstone ; VIII. PHEBE WOOD, prob. wife of John ; IX. LIDIA 
WINANS. Will also names " my cousin, Lawrence de Camp." 

WILLIAM (prob. a grandson of Joseph), b. May, 1734, d. 6 Aug., 1806, at 72 yrs. 
and 7 mos. ; buried at Chester, N. J. ; m. Hannah iprob. dau. of Jabesh Bell) ; 
his will, Chester, 15 Feb., prob. 15 Sept.. 1806, names ch.: I. THOMAS, b. 1766, 
d. 12 Dec., T.97, at 31, whose will, prob. 29 Jan., 1798, mentions only "my 
father, William ;" II. JABESH, m. Sarah Corwin (dau. of Williaml, b. 13 Jan., 
1771 ; had at least Hannah, b. 2 Feb., 1790, d. 7 Feb., 1808, m. Luthur Norris ; 
EUNICE REEVES : IX. [MARY I] wife of Silas Horton. 

JOSEPH (bro. of Williaml, res. in Roxbury twp. ; bis will, April 13, prob. 25 
May, 1770, names "my brother William, father-in-law, William, and dau., 
Sarah, not yet 18. 

JOHN, of Newton twp., Sussex Co., may have been a grandson of Joseph, of Eliza- 
beth ; his will, 6 Jan., prob. 18 March, 1809, names wife, Martha, and ch. : I. 
HENRY C, of Sparta, Sussex Co., who had John, father of Henry C, Secre- 
tary of State of New Jersey ; Mary ; Aaron H.; Charles ; Martha : Elizabeth ; 
William ; Ellen. II. THOMAS ; III. CHARLES ; IV. JOHN ; V. WILLIAM; 


JOHAN PIETER KEMPEL came from Neuwied, on the river Rhine (near Cob- 
lentz) in Germany and resided in New York. His second marriage is recorded 
in the records of the Dutch Church in N. Y. city, as follows : Johan Pieter 
Kempel, Wedr. v. Xiurit, met Maria Clouer, j, d. mede v. Xiwit, beide iconen 
alhier. Translation, John Peter Kempel, widower, from Neuwied, [married] 
to Maria Clouer, single person, from Neuwied, both dwelling here [i. e. in N. 
Y.]; the banns were proclaimed 16 Sept., and the marriage took place 22 Sept., 
1745. It was probably the will of this Peter, who may have rem. to New Jer- 

428 Early Germans of New Jersey 

sey, that was dated, Hopewell, 4 April, 1760, prob. 3 July, 1761, which names 
wife Mary and ch., Philip. William, Peter, Christian, "and others." 
I. PHILIP, whose will, Amwell, 10 Aug., 1777, prob. 1778, names wife Elisa- 
beth and ch.: (I). John ; (II). Elisabeth, m. William Hoashill [! Her- 
shill or Hassel]]: (III). Catherine ; (IV). Margaret ; (V). Ontcel ; 
(VT). Sarah ; (VII). Jacob ; (VIII). Adam. He may be the father, and 
not the brother, of the following : 
II. WILLIAM, prob. m. Elisabeth and had ch. bap. Alexandria church at Mt. 
Pleasant, Hunterdon Co : Wilhelm, b 13 June, 1771. 

III. PETER, prob. Peter, Jr., whose marriage is recorded in Dutch Church, 

N. Y. as follows : Johan Pieter Kempel, junior, j. m. v. Niwit uit 
Duidsland, met Christina L'mmin, j. d. uit de pals in Duidsland beidr 
wonende alhier. Translation, John Peter Kempel, junior, single, from 
Neuwied in Germany [married] to Christina Limmin, single, from the 
Palatinate in Germany, both dwelling here [i. e. in N. Y]. He may have 
married again, Maria Magdalena, who was the wife of a Peter, who had 
ch. on Alexandria church records : Maria Gertraud, b. 17 July, 17t>4 ; 
Catrina, b. 12 Sept., 17C7. 

(I). Mart Kemple, b. 1747, Jan. 12, d. 1828, Sept. 17. 
ail. Margaret, b. 1746 [1748 f], Dec. 12, d. 1827, June 26. 
(IH). John, b. 1755, Oct. 15. d. 1823, May 21, m. Margaret ; he was a black- 
smith and lived first in hou&e in which Schuyler Young now lives, 
near Drakestown, then, in 1797, May 3, bought 304 acres of land 
and built where L. Marshall Teal now lives. This house was built 
in 1800, and the barn in 1801 ; had ch. : 
1. Peter, b. 1786, Nov. 28, m. (1) Frances McDon gal, b. 1793, Dec. 13, 
d. 1826, April 15 ; (2). Clarissa Paulina Moses (dau. of Fred, and 
Delilah Mills Moses), b. 1800, July 7, d. 1881, Oct. 23 ; had chil- 
dren by first wife : 
(1). Mart Ann Margaret, b. 1822, Dec. 7, m. David Martin (s. 

of Matthew). 
(2). Manning Force, b. 1824, Aug. 26, m. Elisabeth K. Bayles 
(dau. of John) ; had ch. : Carrie ; John E., m. Nora Nitzer; 
Hattie, m. Clarence Stewart, of Yonkers, N. Y. ; Elisabeth, 
m. Frank Strang, of Brooklyn, N. Y. ; Lena, unmarried. 
(3). John, b. 1826, April 4, d. 1840, Jan. 24 ; by second wife : 
(4). Eliza Delilah, b. 1831, April 3, m. Rev. Wm. Christine of 

M. E. Church. 
(5). Frances Amelia, b. 1833, May 30, d. 1880, Jan., m. Rev. T. 

T. Campfield. 
(6). Fred. Lorenzo, b. 1835, Aug. 18, d. 1830, Nov. 20. 
(7). Sarah Emma, b. 1837, Sept. 6, d. 1838, Sept. 26. 
(b). Julia Annette, b. 1844, April 1, m. Lewis Marshall Teal (s. 
of John K.). 

IV. CHRISTIAN, m. Francesca and had ch. (Alexandria records) : 

(I). Rebecca, b. 10 Nov., 1775. 
(II). Albert, b. 1778. 
(Ill) . Peter, b. 30 May, 1780. 
V. ANNA CATHARINE, not mentioned in will of Peter but perhaps his 
dau. ; m. 29 May, 1743, John William Brillensfeld [Bellowsfelt]. 

Kern — Kester 429 


JOHN JACOB KERN (Cam), supposed to have come to this country in 1T39, in 

the " Jamaica Galley." The name, Jacob Kern, appears on John Peter Nitser's 

Ledger, 1763, June 28 ; he had ch. at least : 

I. CHRISTOPHER, b. 1728, Dec 16, d. 1796, July 22, m. 1750, July 3, Katie 

Schwackhammer (dau. of Samuel), b. 1733, d. 1815, Nov. 5 ; had ch. : 

(I). Mary, b. 1752, Dec. 20, d. 1787 July 25, m. first, Leonard ; second. 

Jacob (sons of Matthias Trimmer) . 
(II). Leon ABD, b. 1755, March 15, d. 1784, April, m. Catherine ; had one 
child, which died. 
(III). Catherine, b, 1756, Nov. 15, died unmarried. 

(IV). Christopher, b. 1758, July 19, m. first, Sarah Clemens ; second 
1785(0, Sarah Dawes ; rem. to Canada. 
(V). Anna, b. 1760, Dec, m. first, a Naughright ; second, 1783, Sept. 28, 
David Henry ; rem. to Canada. 
(VI). John, b. 1763, May 29, m. 17-7, April '.), Charity Bunn (dau. of Cun- 

rad) ; had twelve children : 
(VII). Elisabeth, b. 1766, Feb. 14, m. Daniel Anthony (s. of Philip). 
IVUJ.). Jacob, b. 1768, Jan. 12, d. 1645, m. first, 1789, April 14, Elisabeth 
Dufford ; second, Susan Ann Pitney ; no children : 
(IK). Davtd, b, 1770, Oct. 15, m. 1794, Aug. 3, Catherine Wise (dau. of 

Jacob) ; rem. to Canada. 
(X). Philip, b. 1772, Aug 10, m. first, 1796, Nov. 20, Ann Roelofson 
second, Ann Dufford (dau. of Matthias) ; had ch. : 1. Jacob, unm 
2. Isaac, m. Polly Pasher, rem. to Canada ; 8. Elisabeth, b. 1804, 
unm. ; 4. Katie, b. 1807, May 21, m. Jacob Welsh (s. of Philip) ; 5 
Samuel, b. 1812, Sept. 22, rem. to Canada ; 6. Mary Ann, b. 1816. 
April 27. m. (2d wife) Joseph Kirlin, went West; 7. David, m. first 
Ruth Castner ; second, Ann Swartz (dau. 'of David); had ch., by 
his first wife ; il). Philip, m. Ellen Dufford, res. at Morrristown 
(2). Jacob, m. Clarissa Rarick. By second wife : (3). Katp. m 
Isaac Frace ; (4) Josephine, m. Jas. Kingey, of Morristown ; (5) 
Sallie, m. Jacob Bird is. of John) ; 16). David, m. Eliza Hoover ; (7) 
Emma Jane ; (8). Litha. 8. Sallie, m. Thomas Larue. 
(XI). Frederick, b. 1773, Dec. 16, unm. 
(XII). Samuel, b. 1777, Nov. 16, unm. 
Miscellaneous — Davtd, m. Christeena, and left a will (Knowlton) probated 

1837, Feb. 21, in which he mentions John and Margaret, wife of Haynes, and 

her son, W illiam 


HERMANTJS KESTER, b. 1703 ; came to Kingwood, Hunt. Co., before 1733 ; had 
ch.: 1. Susanna, b. 1737, d. 24 Feb., 1832; 2. Elisabeth ; 3. Samuel, m. 
Susanna Webster, and had Benjamin, b. 1759, m. 1782, Rachel Hamilton ; 
Anna, Rachel, Mary, Sarah, Elisabeth, Susanna, Amy and Rebecca; (4). 
John, m. 1765, Deborah Webster ; 5. Rebecca ; 0. Hermanus ; 7. Peter ; 8. 
Thomas ; 9. Mabgaret. (Hist. Hunt, and Som. Counties, p. 433). 

43° Early Germans of New Jersey 


There were two brothers and two sisters of this name, the name of whose father 
is forgotten. Their names were, BETSET, m. Isaac Leonard and has 4 ch. ; LOIS r 
m. John Crane ; and 

PETER E3CE (Kyce), went through the Revolutionary war and received a pen- 
sion of $96 a year ; m. first, ; second, a Morgan ; had ch. : 

I. HENRY, m. Eliza Nunn ; res. near Hackettstown ; had ch. : 

(I). Peter, m. Sally Ann Lutz ; have ch. : 1. John, m. an Apgar ; 2. 
Stewart, m. an Apgar. 
(II). Jacob, m. Mary Salmon ; removed to Michigan. 
(III). John, m. Delilah Schuyler ; have ch. : 1. Lewis, res. in Michigan ; 

2. Jacob ; 3. Elisabeth, m. John Larison. 
(IV). Isaac, m. Martha Everett, had son, Lyman, m. Amy Nockrite (dau. 

of Morris) ; have one child, Laura, unmarried. 
(V). William, m. Ellen Lutz ; had ch. : 1. Martin, rem. to Michigan ; 2. 
Henry, m. Merilda Alpaugh ; 3. Peter, m. Anna S. Trimmer (dau. 
of Samuel) ; 4. Jacob ; 5. Amy. 
(VI). Henry, m. Sarah Fleet : had five children. 
(VII) . Steward, m. Mary Lutz, of Fainnount ; have 1 child. 


JOHN KING, b. 1605, d. 1700, m. Mary Bucks, or Francis Ludlow, at Southamp- 
ton, about 1654 ; rem. to Southold ; had ch.: 1. John, perhaps of Salem ; 2. 
William, b about 1630, d. at Salem without issue ; 3. Samuel, b. 1633, d. 
1721 ; 4.-9., Bix daus., one of whom Deliverance, b. 1634, m. 17 Feb., 1657, 
John Tuthill (s. of John). 
SAMUEL, 3d son of John, b. 1633, d. 29 Nov. 1721, at 89, m. Abigail, d. 17 May, 
1716 ; had ch.: 1. Samuel, Jr., b. 1675, d. 6 May, 1725, m. Hannah, d. 17 Aug., 
1712 : had Samuel, Zacharias and Hannah, m. 1730, (1) Nathaniel Tuthill ; (2> 
Johnathan Rocket ; 2. John (mariner and captain), b. 1678, d 19 Jan., 1742, m. 

(1) ; (2) 22 Aug., 1704, Catherine Osborn, b. 21, Aug., 1684, d. 21 July, 1752; 

had ch. : John, b. about 1695 ; Joseph, Henry, Constant [probably rem. to New 
Jersey], Alexander, Prosper, Benjamin, Mary, m. Constant Booth, Elisabeth, 
m. Abjah Hopkins. 3. William ; 4. Hannah, m. John Booth. 
CONSTANT (son of John, the son of Samuel), of Chester twp., Morris Co., N J., 
b. 9 Feb., 1712, d. 15 March, 1780 ; came to Roxbury twp., Morris Co., N. J., 
before 1753, at which date he ■ signs a license bond for Ebnnezer Drake to be- 
come an innkeeper. He was a Justice of the Peace and member of the 
Presbyteriah Church. He m. 13 Feb., 1735, Phebe Horton, d. 19 May, 1789 ; 
had ch. : 
I. JOSEPH, b. Southold, 13 Dec, 1735, m. (1) Prudence Howell (dau. of 
Ebenezer, of Southampton), d. 2 Feb., 1764, at 25, by whom he had ch. : 
1. Prudence, b 8 Sept., 1762, m. 19 Feb., 1784, Daniel Pierson ; (2) 
Rhoda Carter, b. 15 Nov., 1742, by whom he had ch. ; 2. Constant 
Rufus, b. 16 April, 1769, no ch. ; 3. Catherine, b. 6 May, 1774, m. 
Wells Horton ; 4. George, b. 18 Nov., 1781, rem. to Mississippi and 

Iowa ; 5. Julia, b. 22 May, 1784, m. Bradley, of Connecticut 

Farms ; 6. Charles, b. 21 Dec., 1786, m. Miss Harrison, of Orange, and 
rem. to the West. 

Kiiro « « 


HI FREDERICK" 3rd child," b. Southold, 6 Oct. 1738, d. 4 April, 1796 at 
58 m. 33 Nov., 1762, Mary Ayres (dau. of John, of Morris Plains)- had 
ch.- 1 Henbt, b. 27 Dec., 1765. d. 2 March, 1837, at 72, m. (1) 14 Feb., 
1789 Charlotte Morrell (dau. of Jacob), d. 17 March, 1816, at 49 ; u) 
. atherine Vanderpcol ; 9. Sarah, b. 4 Sept., 1767, d. 10 March, 17,4. at b. 
IV. CATHERINE, "4th child," b. 15 Feb., 1740, d. 4 Oct., Ute, at bpring- 
fiald N. J-, m. William Walton. 
V.JOHN, "5th child," b. 10 March, 1742, m. Lidia ; had ch.: William 

TtjUZTCB, b. 14 Jan., 1772. 
VH GEORGE, "7th child," b. 15 Sept., 1745, d. 3 July, 1780, at 34 ; had ch., 
perhaps : George, whose will, 1 Jan., 1791, prob. 22 May, 1804, names w. 
Mary and ch.: John, George, Absalom. Ralph, William, Jacob, b. 1.91 : 
Sarah, Adam, Mary, Elisabeth and Margaret. 
VLU. JUSTUS, prob. m. Sarah Swayze (dau. of Richard), and rem. to Missis- 

IX. CALEBS prob'. m. Mary Swayze idau. of Richard), and rem. to Mississippi 
in 1772. 
X. MARY (Meritie I), prob. m. Isaiah Faircloe Is. of Thomas). 
XI. ELISABETH, prob. m. -Aaron Brown (s of David) 
XH CONSTANT VICTOR, prob. (buried at Chester), b. 11 Oct., 1,52, d. 14 Nov.. 

' 1800, at 48 yw., 1 mo. 3 days, m. Adah , b. 6 Sept., 1761, d. 1 Oct. 

1854, at 93 years and 25 days ; had ch., perhaps : 1. Constant V b 1 
Aug 1798, d. 24 Oct., 1845, m. Ruth Skellinger (dau. of Darnel 3d), t. 

John H.. b. 27 Nov., 1803, d. 2 Sept., 1883, m. Huldah ~, b. 15 Sept., 

1792, d. 7 Jan., 1863. 
XIII. HANNAH. j ok a i i--« 

Miscellaneous-George (buried at Mendham), b. 1721, d. ^ Apru, uio, 

at 57 years. 

HARMANUS KING, said lo have gone from England to Holland for refuge from 
religious persecution, and to have come from Holland to Burlington Co 
N J It ismore probable that Harmanus came first from Long Island, and 
from there to South Jersey. In 1698, Herman King and wife Mary, with ch. : 
John, Joseph, Benjamin and Francis, are assessed at Flushing, L. 1. 

JOSEPH <s. of Herman), went from New Jersey to Bucks Co., Pa., and from there 
to Piscataway, Middlesex Co. In 1729, he bought 900 acres along the tafe 
Branch and settled near Young's Mills ; his name is on list of Quakers, 1733 
m. Marcia, and had: Joseph, b. 9 March, 1712 ; William, b. 1 April, 1.14 , 

WILLLAM^s. b of 7 J^ph, n b 17 'l April, 1714, m. Abigail Doughty (dau. of Jacob .and 
AmyTb. 3 Oct., 1716 ; hadch.: Marcia, b. 4 June, 1738; Amy, b. 18 Oct 
1739 ' ANNE, b. 29 Feb., 1740 ; Joseph, b. 20 April, 1746 (old style), m. (1) a dau. 
of Dr. James WiUson ; (2) Ann Large (dau. of Jacob, and widow of Isaac 
Lundy) ; (3) Sarah Scott (wid. of Doughty Stockton) : by second wife had 
William Large King, b, 12 Feb., 1789, d. May, 1869. 

JEREMIAH (prob. a s. of Joseph,, a chosen freeholder, 1768-74 ; own ed wUh 
WILLIAM^ nearly all the swamp near Cherryville ; he had ch : John 
S^Joseph.Albhkt.s. Newton, m. El**** Case and ^^ah 
Ann, Charlotte (w. of Thatcher Trimmer), and Margaret., Sarah, wue 

432 Early Germans of New Jersey 

of Dr. James Pyatt : Haby; Rachel, wife of Thomas Little, and Mrs. 
John Wood. 

MARCUS KONIG [King], printer, from Vorstendom, principality of Holoerstadt, 
Germany, was married, 1713, in New York, to Susanna Schoeckmannin 
[Shuman ?] wid. of Herman, potter, of Kipsberry [Hew York] r by Rev. Justus- 
Falckner. It is prob his children who sign the Articles of Faith of the New 
Germantown [N. J.] Church in 1767, May 13. They are : David, Mabkos, 
John, Luke, Philip and George. 

JOHN M. (s of Marcus), res. in northern part of Somerset Co. ; had ch. at least : 
William, b, 17 March, 1793, d. 28 Oct., 1867, m. Phebe Hayden and had ten 
children, among whom were : David W., b. 23 Aug. r 1817 ; JobnW., Adrian 
V., and Abra ham 


THOMAS KINNAN [Kenan, Canan], whose will, Morris Co., 8 July, 1778, prob. 
12 Feb., 1784 (Trenton Lib. M. fol. 195), speaks of 170 acres in Roxbury on 
which the family are living, and names ch. : I. JOHN ; II. JOSEPH ; HI. 
THOMAS, receives land in Morristown ; IV. SUSANNAH ; V. DEBORAH - 
VI. PHEBE ; VIL MARY ; and son-in-law, Gavin McCoy. 


HERMANUS KLYN (Kline or Cline), whose will, Kingwood, 1 Aug., 1777, prob. 
26 April, 1787 (Trenton, Lib. 21, fol. 290) names ch. : 1. Isaac, m. Margaret 
and had, Isaac, b. 30 May. 1771 ; 2. Herman, bap. Readington, 12 May, 1734 ; 
3. George, m. Rebecca and had, George, Marti, Elisabeth, b. 6 Aug., 1775, 
Peggy, Rebecca, Franchy ; 4. Johannes, m. Janetta (or Gin), and had, Cath- 
erine, b. 21 Sept., 1771, and Hermann, b. 21 July, 1775 ; 5. Abraham ; 6. 
Christeen Hummer, wife of Tunis ; 7. Catherine Kearhart (Carhart), wife 
of Jacob : 8. Mart Meet (Mith), wife of Henry ; 9. Rachel Bishop, wife of 
Joseph : 10. Sophia Cramer, wife of George. 

LODOWAY (Loedowick, Ludwig or Lewis), CLINE, whose will, Greenwich, Sus- 
sex [now Warren] Co., 11 July, prob. 16 Aug., 1796, names ch.: Lodowat, 
left 5 sons and 5 daughters, Lewis and Dr. Garner, of Harmony, John, of 
Franklin. Michel, of Greenwich, .Mrs. Christian Davidson and others ; Michel, 
rem. to Indiana ; Sarah Steelsmtth ; Margaret Demond ; Elisabeth 
Teal ; Mary Burk, (dec.) ; Elisabeth Rither, (dec.) ; Catherine Teal, 

JACOB KLINE [Johan Jacob Klein], of Readington twp., Hunterdon Co., N. J., 
b. in Germany, 6 March, 1714, d. 6 Jan., 1789, buried at New Germantown, N. 
J. ; m. about 1748, Veronica Gerdrutta Moelich (dau. of Johannes) ; signed the 
call to Rev. Albert Weygand, 1749 : carried on a tannery in Readington twp., 
which was continued by his descendants for over 75 years. His will 10 June, 
1785, prob. 12 Feb., 1789, names ch. : John William, Jacob, Aaron, David, 
Peter, Mary Catherine, Fronica Gertraut, Elisabeth, "eight children." In 
Story of an Old Farm, p. 648-656, this family is given in full down to the 
fourth generation. We condense therefrom the following : 
I. JOHN WILLIAM, b. 5 Jan., 1750, d. 21 Feb., 1818, m. 24 Jan., 1780, Altje 
(Alche) Smock (dau. of Matthias); had ch. : 1. Gertrude, b. 7 Nov., 

Kline 433 

1780, d. April, 1864, m. 12 May, 1799, Henry Van der Veer, of Amwell, 
N. J.; 2. John, b. 8 Aug., 1784, d. 20 Jan., 1880, m. first, 27 Oct., 1804, 
Catherine Williamson, d. 1837 ; second, 27 Jan., 1841, Eleanor Wyckoff 
(dau. of Dennis and widow of Henry Vroom). 
II. JACOB, b. 1751, d. 22 Oct., 1823, m. 7 July, 1782, Phebe Nevius (dau. of 
Pete-, of Amwell), b. 1766, d. 18 Feb., 1845; had 11 ch.: 1. Jacob, 
(Colonel), b. 8 April, 1783, d. 15 Nov., 1844, m. Lydia Quick (dau. of 
Tunis); had Aletta, m. Gabriel Vandervoort ; Peter Xevius, Ellen V., 
died young, Tunis Q., Jacob, Phebe ; 2. Peter, b. 16 Jan., 1785, d. 18 
Oct., 1860, m. Mary (dau. of Ananias Mulford) ; had ch. : Maria O., Peter 
N., Elisabeth W., Maroaretta it., Lewis A., Kate F.; 3. Fanny Ger- 
trude, b. 28 Feb., 1787, d. 28 Jan., 1880, m. 17 Oct., 1807, Isaac Lewis, of 
Virginia ; 4. John William, b. 28 Dec., 1788, d. 17 Sept., 1847, m. Sarah 
Williams (dau. of Thomas); had ch. : William B., John F., Lewis A., 
Mary E., Harriet A. H., Sarah ; 5. Maria, b. 17 April, 1791, d. 15 Jan., 
1869, m. Richard I. Field ; 6. Ann, b. 19 March, 1793, d. 20 Feb., 1795 ; 7. 
Phebe, b. 19 Dec., 1796, d. 10 March, 1874, m. Joseph Bartles, of New 
Germantown ; 3. Elisabeth, b. 1 Aug., 1799, d. 25 March, 1S80. m. Jacob 
B. Miller, of New Germantown ; 9. Nelly Stoothofp, b. 4 July, 1801, 
d. 23 April, 1803 ; 10. Catherine, b. 20 July, 1804, d. 18 Jan., 1857, m. 
Aaron Dunham ; 11. Aletta, b. 17 Feb., 1808, d. 9 Jan., 1879, m. Benj. 
Van Doren, of Middlebush, N. J. ; 12. Davtd (Reverend), b. 14 Nov., 1812 
d. 5 Nov., 1877 ; pastor of Lutheran Church at Spruce Run, N. J., m. 18 
April, 1833, Jane Kirkpatrick (dau. of John), b. 19 June, 1814 ; had 12 

LTI. MARY, m. 13 Feb., 1776, John Farley. 

TV. MAGDALENA, b. 1757, d. 16 March, 1774. 
V. FANNY, m. 26 Dec., 1781, Jacob Neff, Jr., who died about 1838. 

VL AARON, of Drea Hook, N. J., b. 29 Feb., 1760, d. 24 Dec, 1809, m. 17«4, 
Catherine Brokaw. b. 2 Aug., 1763, d. 18 Dec , 1811 ; had 8 ch.: 1. Fanny 
(Fronica Gertraut), died young ; 2. Jane (Jannetje), b. 16 April, 1787, m. 
Henry Wyckoff ; 3. Peter A., b. 27 Sept., 1789, d. Sept., 1858, m. first, 
Mary Bowman (dau. of Cornelius) ; second, Rebecca Smith (dau. of John) 
had ch. : Catherine, Mary, Aaron P., Peter, Elisabeth, Cornelius, 
Fanny, John S., Ann, David, Andrew, Abbie, Martin, William, Susan; 
4. John Jacob, b. 17 Aug., 1791, d. 23 Aug., 1849, m. first, Eva Kinney 
(dau. of Andrew) ; second, Mary Brewer (widow of Elias Stout" ; bad ch. : 
Catherine Ann, Eliza, John J., Andrew K., Peter K., Aaron K., David 
D.; 5. Aaron, b. 4 Aug., 1794, d. July, 1852, unmarried ; 6. Elisabeth, 
b. 11 March, 1797. d. 1836 in Ohio, m. David Gerhardt ; 7 Mary, b. 8 
Jan., 1800, d. 24 March, 1824, unmarried : 8. Catherine, b. 6 Sept., 1802, 
d. 12 March, 1864, m. Peter G. Schomp, of Headington. 

VII. PETER, b. 17 Jan., 1771, m. Sallie Johnson, by whom he had one child, 

Peter P., who d. unm., 31 March, 1872, at 78. 

GODFRIED KLEYN (Gottfried Klein), whose name occurs on the Readington 
records, was the son of Christian Klein, of Bendorf , Germany. Christian is 
described as a "military horseman" from Hamburg. His wife's name was Ida 

434 Early Germans of New Jersey 

and he was b. 30 Oct., 1726. He had two sons, Christian and Jacob, bap. 21 
March, 1756. 
CHRISTIAN KLINE was a son of Godfrey, who was b. in Bendorf, Germany, 30 
Oct., 1726. Christian, b. 13 March, 1754, m. 12 May, 1772, Elisabeth Miller (dau. 
of Henry, the emigrant), b. 11 July, 1758, d. 6 Jan., 1845 ; had ch.: 1. Elisa- 
beth, b. 10 Sept., 1779, d. 22 Sept., 1781 ; 2. Mart Catherine, b. 5 Jan., 1781, 
m. Simeon Wyckoff and rem. to Illinois ; 3. Henry M., b. 10 Jan., 1783, m. 
Sarah Ramsey ; 4. David M., b. 1 Jan., 1785, d. 6 Dec., 1861, m. 28 Dec, 1805, 
Elisabeth Hager (dau. of Jacob), d. 19 March, 1835 ; 5. Ida, b. 8 Dec, 1786, m. 
Harmon Dilts ; 6. Elisabeth, b. 4 Dec, 1788, d. 9 Jan., 1861, m. John Ramsey; 
7. Phebe, b. 18 Oct., 1790 ; 8. Esther, b. 1792, d. in infancy ; 9. Hannah, b. 1 
Nov., 1794, m. a Henry ; 10. Sarah S., b 22 June, 1797 ; 11. Jacob M., b. 23 
July, 1799, m. (1) Phebe Kuhl ; (2) a Fisher ; 12. Lasetta, b. 1801, d. in 1815. 
(Story of an Old Farm. p. 683). 
PHILIP KLINE came to Sourland Mountain, Neshanic twp., Somerset Co., N. J., 
about 1720. He was probably of the same family as Godfried. He bought 600 
acres in Harmony twp., Warren Co., m. Mary, and had ch. : 
II. GODFREY, b. 1742, m. Mary Haines, of Prussia ; had ch : 1. William, 

b. 1776, m. Catherine Horn, b. 1780 and had, Godfrey. John, Sally, Peter 

b. 31 Aug., 1806, Isaac, Mary and Haines; 2. Peter, 3. Philip; 4. 

Margaret ; 5. Elisabeth, unmarr. d. 
IT. CATHERINE MILLER (widow of Christopher Emley, by whom had, 

Christopher, John and Godfrey). 


JOHN, b. 1630 in France,. He was a Protestant and fled from religious persecution 

to Amsterdam, and from there came to America 1656 He brought with him 

a gold signet ring engraved with the family arms, and the initials J. L. G. 

Left four sons, John, Omie, Isaac and Jacobus. 

I. JOHN, b. in New York, 1658, May C, d. at Bergen, N. J., 1742, May 6, m. 

Annie Vail, d. 1734, June 6, buried in Lutheran Church, N. Y. He left 

two sons. John and Christian, and several daughters : 

(I). John, b. in Beaver St., N. Y., 1706, d. at Elisabethtown, 1782, Nov. 

5, at 76. m. Martha Van Buskirk, dau. of Lawrence (Bergen Co., N. 

J.), d. 1753, Feb. 1. Left one s. John and one dau. Sophia. 

1. John, b. in N. Y., 1733. Aug. 28, d. at Vestal, Broome Co., N. Y., 

1798, Sept. 19, m. Elisabeth Mersereau (dau. of Joshua), of Staten 

Island, who died at Vestal, 1816, July 16 ; had ch. : Martha, m. 

Abram Winans ; Polly, m. Moses Van Name ; Elisabeth, m. 

Michael Van Vechten ; Sophia, m. Caleb Halsey ; Rachel, m. 

Israel P. Mersereau ; John, b 1771, May 1 (at Elisabeth, N. J.), 

m Hannah Halsey, 1794, Jan. 1, at Elisabeth. She d. 1838, Dec. 7. 

Miscellaneous — "Antje La Grange from Albany, d. on her way to the 

Raritans to visit her daughter, 1735," (Records of Luth. Ch. N. Y.) Seigneur de 

Legrange — Lake 435 

Lagrange was among those sent 27 Aug., 1565, by Coligny to Florida. (Baird's 
Huguenots, 1 : 69). 


THOMAS LAKE, will probated 1765, Oct. 19