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PREFACE. 



V^A^WWW^A 



The object of this Manual is to supply in some 
degree a want often felt by persons engaged in the 
pursuits of Archaeology and Ecclesiology, and by 
tourists and lovers of the Fine Arts in general. It 
was undertaken at first for personal convenience ; but 
continued and completed at the solicitation of valued 
Mends for public utility. It has been found useful 
for identifying holy personages represented in painting 
and sculpture ; and also as a guide to artists in the re- 
presentation of Angels and Saints according to conven- 
tional and established forms. Its pretensions are very 
humble : the subject might be pursued far more elabo- 
rately and extensively : and the work might be advan- 
tageously illustrated by engravings. But this could 
not be without sacrificing its convenience as a pocket 
companion : and to keep within a portable size, is in 
a work of this kind a primary consideration. The 
church tourist and the inspector of picture galleries 



• 
/ 



'eady reference and easy portabi- 
mal is presented in the following 



require a guide of 
lity; and such a Ms 
pages. 

That the tourist and the artist may equally find their 
convenience in this compilation, it is divided into two 
distinct parts. In the First, under the name of the 
Saint, — whether Martyr, Bishop, &c, and the date of 
his death, or the age in which he lived, as far as could 
be ascertained with tolerable accuracy, the Emblem 
or the various Emblems are given, with which he is 
represented in works of art, whether in painting, 
sculpture, or engraving. To each Emblem is generally 
appended a reference to one or more examples in art, 
or to some work, upon the authority of which it has 
been appropriated. In selecting these examples, pre- 
ference has been given to paintings on roodscreens, or 
glass ; and to sculptured figures on fonts, still remain- 
ing in English parish churches, and abounding in the 
counties of Norfolk and Suffolk. It would have been 
easy to multiply such examples, and chiefly from 
personal inspection j but the object of this little 
work is sufficiently attained by presenting a few select 
instances. 

Though the original object of this work was to point 
out the Emblems of various Saints, it was soon found 
impossible, and not even desirable, to limit the C( 
pilation to these. It was often necessary to specify 



way in which the Emblem was introduced. It might 
be carried, or worn, or used as an instrument of torture, 
or a mark of honour ; and then it became difficult to 
draw the line between a mere Emblem, and a com- 
memorative representation. Thus in many cases 
examples have been introduced of various modes of 
representing Saints by remarkable incidents in their 
lives. So that pictures and sculptured subjects arc 
continually intermixed with Emblems, in connexion 
with different Saints. But this has evidently so 
increased the interest of the book, and added to its 
usefulness, as to render any apology superfluous. 

To compile a Manual of this kind, even limited as it 
is, would have been impracticable without the aid of 
friends, and the assistance of previous publications. 
The late John, Earl of Shrewsbury, with great 
kindness and condescension, collected from his rich 
library much valuable information, which he trans- 
mitted to the author in rapid succession for several 
weeks. The late Dawson Tdrner, Esq., then residing 
at Yarmouth, most liberally placed at the author's dis- 
posal the treasures of his extensive library and most 
valuable collection of illustrations of Norfolk. Mrs, 
Jameson's splendid Work, Sacred and Legendary 
Art, has, by the kind permission of its authoress, been 
frequently referred to in the course of this Manual. 
and has afforded much valuable information. TW 



Very Rev. Canon Rock, D.D., is heartily thanked for 
several important and valuable communications, as 
well as for the loan of scarce and curious old books. 
The Rev. Richard Hart, of Catton, generously per- 
mitted the free use of his own List of Emblems of 
Saints, communicated to the " Archaeological Journal," 
and this kindness has proved valuable, and is here 
gratefully acknowledged. To C. A. Buckler, Esq., 
the author is indebted for many valuable examples, 
particularly for numerous illustrations of Saints of the 
Order of St. Dominic. Sincere thanks are also tendered 
to H. Harrod, Esq., and Goddard Johnson, Esq., 
late of Norwich, for the loan of curious and useful 
works ; and to all other kind friends who have lent 
their assistance. 

This new edition contains more than 160 additional 
Saints, with Emblems and references in proportion, 
besides many new illustrations of those previously 
introduced. The Lists of Patrons is also very con- 
siderably augmented : two more Calendars are given ; 
and the Emblems of the Sybils are appended. Another 
curious and original feature of this edition, is the List 
of Armorial Bearings assigned to various Saints in the 
enthusiasm for heraldry prevalent in the 15th century. 
The work has also been carefully revised throughout, 
and contains many corrections and improvements. 



Vll. 

The principal Works consulted or referred to in the 
course of this Manual are the following : — 

Abrege de la Vie des Saints, par Gueffier Jeune — Paris, 1808. 
Cited in this work under the name of Oueffier. 

Anglia Sacra. 

Arbor Pastoralis— being a Tree of the principal Saints of each 
century down to the 1 6th. 

Bavaria Pia— by Matt. Baderus, S. J. — Munich, 1628* 

Bilder Legende — Von M. Sintzel — Munich. 

Britannia Sancta — by Bp. Challoner— 4to. — London, 1745. 

Calendar of the Anglican Ch. illustrated — Parker, Oxford, 
1851. 

Camden's Britannia. 

Catalogue Sanctorum — a Petro de Natalibus editus, Venetiis, 
1506 ; Lugduni, 1542. 

Chorographia Sacra Brabantise ab Ant. Sandero, Hagae, 1727 — 
3 vols., folio. 

Christliche Kunstsymbolik und Ikonographie — Frankfurt, 
1839. 

Cochet, Le Tombeau de Childeric. 

Collection of Architectural Ornaments of the Middle Ages — 
by C. Heidelhoiff—Nuremburg, 1844 ; 2 vols, in 1; 4to. 

Collection of Old Engravings of Martyrdoms of various Saints 
in 27 Plates. No date. 

Collection of Old Engravings of Saints, from January to July. 
Formerly belonging to the Nuns of our B. Lady at 
Cambray. 

Column® Militantis Eeclesiae — Norimberg, 1725. 

De Historia SS. Imaginum et Picturarum, &c. — Auctore 
Joanne Molano — Lovanii, 1771. 



De Leveus der Heylige van Nederiant— Ghendt, 1706 — 2 to) 

Der Heyligen Leben — Das Summerteyl Johannes Bamler BU 
Augspurg, 1477 — Folio. 

Das Passional (the Winter half of the «io»eJ— Folio — 1480. 

Die Attribute der Heiligen — Hanover, 1843. 

Die Heiligenbilder— Von Dr. H. Alt— Berlin, 1845. 

English Mnrtyrologe— Wilson. 1608. 

Flos Santoram— Historia das Vidas e obras iusignos dos 

Santos — Pe lo Padre Frey Diogo do Rosario — 1 vol. 

Folio — Em Liaboa, 1620. 
Fosbroke's M on schism. 
Golden Legendc — C ax ton. 
loones Sanctorum — per Cleopham Distelmayr — Vienna and 

Augsburg. 
Ikonographie der Heiligen — J. v. EadowiU— Berlin, 1834. 
Images de Saints et Baintei issus de la Fiiraille de l'Empereur 

Maximilian I— D'apres les desseins de Hans Burg- 

maier. — A Vienna, 1T99. 
Legende oft d'levon, doot, ende lijden dor Hcylighendoor den 

E. Heere Mathias Lambrecht — Tot Loven, 1810. 
Le Tableaux de la Croix— Paris, F. Mazot, 1651. 
Les Images de tons les Saints et Saintes de 1'annee — par 

Jacques Callot, engraved by Isr. Henriet, — rails, 1036. 
Los Vies dps Saints pour tous les jours de l'annoe — Lyon, 

1783. 
Liber Cronicarum — Nuremburga, 1403. 
Lives of Saints by Alfonso Villcgas, translated by Edward 

Kinesman— St. Omer's, 1028. 
Lives of the most renowned Saints of England, Scotland, and 

Ireland— by Hev. F. J. Porter, O. S. B.— Douay, 1633. 



IX. 

Menologium S. Francisci — a F. Huebero — Monachii, 1698. 
MS. Hours — a great variety of them. 

Myrrour of our Lady. 

Old Latin Book, with figures of Saints, short considerations 
and prayers (the Summer half only J. No title. En- 
graver's name Herman Weyen — printed in France — 
small 18mo. 

Eecherches surles Costumes, etc., des Anciens Peupies — par 
J. Malliott— 3 vols., 4to — Paris, 1809. 

Revue de l'Art Chretien— I/Abbe Corblet, Edit. 

Primer — printed in 1516. 

Sacred and Legendary Art, by Mrs. Jameson — 2 vols., 8vo. 
1848. 

Solitudo, sive vitse Fceminarum Anachoritarum — Jollain 
excudit, 1666, 

Tableaux des Peintres Primitifs — par le Chevalier Artaud de 
Montor— Paris, 1843. 

Tbosch der Eremyten ende Eremittenen van Egypten ende 
Palestinen — Hantwerpen, 1645. 

Vies des Saints — 2 vols., 4to.— J. J. Blaise — Paris, 1825. 

Vies des Saintes Femmes — 2 vols., 8vo. — Paris, 1822. 

The List of Patron Saints is chiefly borrowed from 
the curious German Work — Ikonographie der Heiligen, 
by J. v. Radowitz; and some of the Calendars are 
copied from another valuable book — Die Heiligenbilder, 
u. s. w. Von Dr. Heinrich Alt. 



It may be useful to subjoin some of the more quaint 
and puzzling modes of spelling the names of Saints in 
ancient days. 



Audry 

Agace 

Aiplomay 

Anneys — Angnes 

Artnolle . 

Outhburg 

Eppalets 

Eufemye 

Gernais . 

Holofius 

Leothenard — Lithenard 

Mangus . 

Mauri 

Medeldride 

Olaus 

Pallets . 

Pernel — Parnelle 

Quyryne 

Royke . 

Ruff— Ruphi . 

Sitba 

Supplis . 
Tooley . 



Purnel 



Eihddreda. 

Agatha. 

Apollinaris. 

Agnes. 

Ereonwald. 

Cuthberge. 

Hippolytus. 

Euphemia. 

Germanus. 

Olave. 

Leonard. 

Magnus. 

Maurice. 

Mildred, 

Olave. 

Hippolytus. 

PetroniUa. 

Quirinus. 

Bock. 

Bufus. 

Osyth. 

Sulpinus. 

Olave. 



XI. 



ABBREVIATIONS EXPLAINED. 



A. or Ab. — Abbot. 

Arch. — Archangel. 

Ap. — Apostle. 

App. — Apostles. 

B. — Bishop. 

C. — Confessor. 

D. — Doctor of the Church. 

Emp. — Emperor. 

E v . — Evangelist. 

H. — Hermit. 

K— King. 

M. — Martyr. 

MM. — Martyrs. 

P.— Pope. 

Qu. — Queen. 

V. — Virgin. 

W. — Virgins. 

V. M. — Virgin and Martyr. 

W. MM — Virgins and Martyrs. 

W. or Wid.— Widow. 



CONTENTS. 



Vatt Jf tot 

PAGE 

Saiuts with their Emblems ... ... ... ... ... ... 1 

Patriarchs and Prophets, with their Emblems 178 

Uart $ecotft. 

Emblems with their Saints 180 

Patrons of Arts, Trades, and Professions 266 

Patrons of Countries and Cities ... ... 269 



Catai&ara. 

Roman ... 

Old English, of Sarnm Use 

Old English, in Manuals, &c. ... 

Scottish ... ... ... ... 

French ... 
Spanish ... 
German ... 
Greek ... 



• • • ••• • • • •«• ••• • »• ••• 



••• •• « 



••• ••• 



• * • • • • 



•«• • •• ••• ••• 



• • • • • • 



••• ••• ••• • « • 



Emblems of the Sybils 
Sacred Heraldry 



• •• •• • «■• •• • 



• *• ••• ••• ••• »•• • • * 



• •• 


290 


• • • 


290 


• • » 


291 


• • • 


291 


• • • 


290 


• •• 


290 


■ • « 


291 


« • • 


291 


• • • 


314 


• ■ • 


315 



PART FIRST. 



VW^SN^t/H^^^^A/X^^/^V 



JSamis with thrin (ftmttyma. 



St. Abercius, B. C. 

Destroying the Statue of Apollo ; 
crosier brought to him by an angel. Ieones Sanctorum. 

A.D. 

St. Abraham, B. M. 848 

Sword near him .... IkonographiederHeUigen. 

St. Abraham, Hermit, C. 350 

Clothed in skins .... Die attribute der Heiligen. 

St. Abundius, M. 

Pierced with a spear, and beheaded CaUot, " Les Images de 

Urns Us Saints, etc." 

St. Acaoius, or Achatius, B. C. 250 

Large Cross — Warrior . . Bonn — Cathedral. 

In golden armour, with standard and 
shield w Cossey Hall Chapel — 

window. 
Thorns in his hand . . Liber Cronicarum. 

Dead bough in his hand . . Die attribute der Heiligen. 
Carrying sacred vessels . . lkonographie, u. s. to. 



2 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Acacius of Amida, B. C. 421 

Carrying sacred vessels . . lkonographie. 
Open chest with bags of money 
before him .... Queffier. 

St. Aocursius, C. 1220 

Sword in his breast . . . lkonographie. 

St. Adalabd, or Alakd, A. G. 827 
Giving alms Burgmaier. 

St. Adalbert, B. M. 997 

Lance with club at the lower end Eeslingen, Wurtemberg, 

Church of St. Oath. 
Portal. 
Pierced with a lance . . • Arbor Pastor alls. 
Pierced with three lances and be- 
headed Old Engraving. 

St. Adjutob, C. 1131 

Throwing part of his chain down a 
precipice Die Attribute. 

St. Adjutus, B. C. 

Devil appearing, shouldering a pick- 
axe ; Bishop driving him away with 
a hatchet Catalogue Sanctorum. 

St. Adrian, M. 290 

Hammer and anvil in one hand, 

sword in the other . . Oxford, Bodleian Library. 

Hammer in left hand, sword in 

right : anvil near him M.S. Hours. 

Anvil in left hand, sword in right M.S. Hours. 
Anvil : his wife St. Natalia, holding 

his hands and feet upon it, to be 

chopped off ... Molanue. 

Carrying an anvil in his arms . Hemlinok. 



8AINT8 WITH THBIB EMBLEMS. 8 

St. Adrian (continued). 

Anvil by his side, on which his hand 
is chopped off . . . Ikonographie. 

Arms and legs chopped off: raven 

descending .... Der Heyligen Leben. 

Arms and legs chopped off . . Die Attribute. 

Thrown off a cliff into the sea . CaUot. 

St. Adrian, M. (Bom. Mart. 3 Non. 
March.) 

lion by his side .... Benedict Ruteau, Vie et 

Martyre de 8. Adrien, 
1687. 

St. jEgidius, see Giles. 

St. Afra, M. 304 

Hands tied to a stake . • Liber Cronicarum. 

"Bound to a tree in flames . . Ikonographie. 

Surrounded with flames • . Die Attribute. 
Boiled in a cauldron 
Burnt at a stake Der Heyligen Leben. 

St. Agapetus, M. 275 

Scourged to death . . Der Heyligen Leben. 

Hanging downwards over flames . Die Attribute. 
Standing between a mitre and suit of 

armour . Cattot. 

Exposed to lions. 
Lion at his feet. 

St. Agatha, V. M. 251 

Holding her left breast cut off, in 
pincers Panel in private posses- 
sion ; formerly on the 
roodsereen of St. John's 
Madder-Market, Nor- 
wich. 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 



St. Agatha (continued). 

Holding a breast in one hand, and a 

pair of shears in the other 
Shears in her hand 



Knife at her breast 

Holding a nipple in pincers 

Pincers in her hand 
Iron hook in her hands 



Breasts in a dish .... 

Executioners cutting off her breasts 

Ditto with red hot pincers . 

Breasts cut off : consoled by an angel 

Chafing dish by her side 

On a funeral pile .... 

Torn by pincers. 

Broken vessel and coals. 

Knife in her hand : breasts on a book. 



Fra Phiiippo Lippi. 

Formerly on roodsereen 
of St. John's M adder - 
Market, Norwich. 

Wiggenhall Church, Not- 
folk. 

Winchester Cathedral, 
window, Choir. 

Tableau de la Croix. 

Liber Cronicarum. 

Martftam Church, Nor- 
folk — window. 

Rome — Oratory of Camal- 
dulese — Gior. da Pisa. 

Pitti Palace— Seb. del 
Piombo. 

Lambrecht. 

Escurial — Paul Veronese. 

Die Attribute. 

Catalogue Sanctorum. 



St. Agatho, Hermit 
Pitcher of water 

St. Aoathocles, M. 
Iron spike — red hot 

St. Agericus, B. C. 
Infant lying in a corn field 

St. Agnes, V. M. 
Sword in her hand 



4th cent. 



Die Attribute. 



Die Attribute. 



804 or 5 



CaUot. 



Private possession: for- 
merly on the roodsereen 
of St. James', Norwich. 



8AINT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 5 

St. Agnes (continued). 

Sword in her hand : lamb at her feet Denton — church chest. 

Sword in her throat: lamb in her 
hand N. Elmham — roodsereen. 

Sword in her hand : lamb on a book Taverham—font. 

Lamb on a book .... Lib. Cronioarum. 

Lamb led by a cord . . Tableau de la Croix. 

In a robe of cloth of gold : lamb at 
her side Molanus. 

Sword in her throat : lamb leaping 
up to her . . . . Westhall — roodsereen. 

Eye — roodsereen. 

Seated : lamb at her feet : dove 
bringing a ring .... Cawston — mural painting. 

Sword and flames at her feet . Rome — Ch. of St. Agnes 

outside the walls. 

Lamb and palm II Giottino. 

Dagger and palm . . . Vienna Oal. P. Veronese. 

On a pile of wood .... Ikonographie. 

An angel covering her with a gar- 
ment Oillingham Oh. window. 

Angels covering her with their hair Die Attribute. 

Lamb at her feet. 

St. Agnes of Monte Pulciano, V. 

1317 
B. Virgin with holy infant, appearing Old Engraving. 
Lamb, lily and book , . . Orvieto : Church of St. 

Dominic. 
In an open tomb: sick praying 
round it .... Callot. 

St. Aidan, B. C. 651 

Giving his horse to a poor man; 
calming a storm, and extinguish- 
ing fire, by his prayers . . Icones Sanctorum. 

Stag crouching at his feet. 

Holding a lighted torch . . Weyen. 



6 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

B. Alanus de Rupe, O. P. 

Holding banner of rosary : B. V. M. 
taking him by the hand . . Woodchester — Liber 

Sanctorum Belgii, 0. P. 

St. Alban, Protomartyr of 
England, 303 

Tall cross, clerical cap and sword St. Albans — Brass of 

Abbot Delamere. 
Sword in his hand . . . Arbor Pastoralis. 
Sword, palm and crucifix • . Cologne — Ch.of8t.Mary 

Schnurgasse. 
Executioner's eyes dropping out . F. Porter's Lives of Saints. 

British Museum, M.S. of 
Matth. of Paris. 
Executioner's eyes dropping out : the 

saint's head in a holly bush St. Alban' s Abbey, 

Executioner s eyes dropping out : the 

saint's head on the ground Seal of Binham Priory. 

In armour : robe and coronet, sceptre Warwieh, Beauchamp 

and calvary cross . Chapel — glass. 

Spreading his cloak; sun radiant 
above him. 

St. Alban, B. M. 7th cent. 

Carrying his head cut off . . Mentz. 

Cologne — Ch. of St. Alban. 
Ditto— Ch. of St. Martin. 

St. Alberio, Abbot. 1107 

Receiving a white cowl from B. V. 
Mary Columna milit. End. 

St. Albert of Sienna, Hermit, 

1180 

Holding a hare in his arms . . Ikonographie. 
Stilling a storm by his prayers . Ditto. 



SAINTS WITH THEIE EMBLEMS. 7 

St. Albert op Oona, C. 1190 

Cutting through a stone with a 

scythe Die Attribute. 

Dove bringing him the Blessed 

Sacrament .... Ikonographie. 

St. Albert of Liege, B. M. 1192 

Cardinal seated, holding a palm : 
three swords on the ground before 
him Burgmaier. 

St. Albert of Vercei.li, B. C. 1200 
Knife in his hand . . Die Attribute. 

St. Albert of Sicily, Carmelite, 1306 

Book and lily .... Liessies, Hainault — Ch. 

of the Benedictine . 
Devil driven away from him, as a 

female, but with horns, and fish's 

tail Callot. 

St. Alcmund, M. abt. 819 

Crown and sword. 

St. Aldegondes, V. 673 

Flying from her parent's house . C allot. 

Angel appearing to her . . Ikonographie. 

Walking on the water . Oueffier. 

The Holy Ghost giving her a nun's 

veil Old Engraving . 

St. Aleidis, Alice, or Aliz, 1110 

Standing behind her son, St. Bernard. Coney Hall Chapel. 
Receiving the H. Viaticum : our 

Saviour appearing to her . Old Engraving. 

St. Alena, V. M. 7th cent. 

Angel encouraging her . . Old Engraving. 



8 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Alexander, M. 3rd cent. 

Trampling on a Pagan altar, before 

the Emperor . . . . Die Attribute, 
Trampling on an idol . . . I cones Sanctorum* 
Crucified Old Engraving. 

SS. Alexander and Epimachus,MM. 

250 

Burnt to death .... Icones Sanctorum. 

St. Alexander Carbonari us, B. M. 

3rd cent. 

St. Gregory Thaumaturgus present- 
ing a mitre and crosier to a collier, 
or charcoal-burner . . . C allot. 

As a collier or charcoal-burner . Die Attribute. 

St. Alexandra — Penitent. 
Scourging herself . Tbosch der Eremyten. 

St. Alexius, C. 5th cent. 

Stairs held in his arms . . Liber Cronicarum. 

Lying under a staircase . Arbor PastoraUs. 

Pilgrim asleep under a staircase : 

servant throwing dirty water upon 

him Flos Santorum. 

Der Heyligen Leben. 
Found dead under a staircase . Callot. 
Dying near a staircase . . Ihonographie. 

Staircase near him : saint holding 

staff and ring . . . B. Museum — Isabella 

Breviary. 

St. Alo, see Eliguis, 

St. Alotsius Gonzaga, C. 1591 
Crucifix, lily and discipline . Die Attribute. 



8AINT8 WITH THEIE EMBLEMS. 9 

St. Amabilis, C. 
Angel playing music to him . Weyen. 

St. Amadeus, C . 

Prince receiving gloves from the B. 

Virgin Mary .... Ihonographie. 

St. Amandus, B. C. 675 

Carrying a church; dragon holding 

the lower end of his crosier De Levens de Heylige. 

Two men kneeling before him . Das Pastoral 

St. Amatus, Ab. abt. 627 

Throwing money into a river . Callot. 

St. Ambrose, B. G. D. 397 

Holding a scourge . . Tableau de la Croix. 

Milan — Ambrose • — Basilic. 

Molanus. 

Venice Acad. Ant Vivarini. 

Milanese Coins, 

M.S. Hours. 
Scourge and cross . . . National Gallery, Vander 

Meire. 
Holding a tower .... Flos Santorum. 
A bee hive . . Arbor PastoraUs. 

Lambrecht. 

Callot. 

Molanus. 

St. Amelburga, W. 
Holding a picture of the crucifixion Burgmaier. 

St. Amphibalus, M. 803 

Bound to a tree by his bowels, and 
scourged St. Allan's Abbey. 

St. ANA8TA8IA, V. M. 290 

Burning at a stake, or on a funeral pile Catalogue Sanctorum. 



10 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Ana8TA8ius, M. 628 

Dragged at the tails of wild horses Rome—Ch. of 88. Vin- 
cent and Anastasius — 
fresco. 

Pierced with arrows on a gibbet . Ditto. 

An axe Old Engraving. 

St. Anatolia, V. M. 240 

Delirering a man from a dragon . CaUot. 
Breathing on the face of a possessed 

man J cones Sanctorum. 

Torches and serpents . . Die Attribute. 

St. Anatolius, B. 0. 
Globes and arithmetical books . Ieones SSm. 

St Andeolus, see Andreolus. 

SS. Andochius and Thyrus, MM. 
Hung over a fire . Callot. 

St. Andreolus, or Andeolus, M. 275 
A club in his hand . . Arbor Pastoralis. 

St. Andrew, Ap. 64 

Cross saltire X""^ eanm g upon it Worstead — roodscreen. 

Ranworth — ditto. 

Lessingham — ditto. 
Ditto held in his hand . . Tunstead — ditto. 

Stalham—font. 

Edingthorpe — roodscreen. 

Bio field — roodscreen . 
Nailed to a frame like the letter V Rome— St. PauVs— 

bronze gate. 

St. Andrew of Crete, M. 761 

Seized while painting pious pictures Ioones Sanctorum. 



8AINT8 WITH THB1B EMBLEMS. 11 

B. Andrew of Haarlem, O.P. 
Holding a crucifix . Liber 88m. Belgiiy O. P. 

Angels — The Nine Choirs of. 
Angels : 

Bearing a spear: alms box at his 

girdle: two children looking up, 

as to their guardian . Barton Turf— roodscreen. 

In an alb of cloth of gold, with a 

green stole crossed: holding 

children in a white cloth . Southwold — roodscreen. 

Holding organ pipes . . . Norwich Cathedral — old 

font. 

Archangels : 

Standing in a citadel, bearing a 

sceptre, and resting on a sword Barton Turf— roodscreen. 
Sword and scales . Southwold — roodscreen. 

Sun or star on the breast . . Norwich Cathedral — old 

font. 

Cherubim : 

Hands lifted in adoration: clothed 
with feathers .... Barton Turf— roodscreen. 

Norwich Cathedral — old 
font. 
Standing on a wheel : hands folded 
on breast .... Southwold — roodscreen. 

Seraphim : 

Thurible : clothed with feathers . Barton Turf— roodscreen. 

Norwich Cathedral — old 
font. 
Standing on a wheel, — face and hands 
red, the rest gold: scroll in left 
hand inscribed : Scus, Sous, Sens Southwold — roodscreen. 



12 8aint8 with their emblem8. 

Thrones : 

Throne and golden scales Barton Turf—roodsoreen. 

Tower in his hands : belt of squares, 
all of gold Southwold — roodsereen. 

Dominations : 

Triple crown and chasuble Barton Turf—^rood$creen. 

Chalice and sacred Host in right 
i hand: globe and cross in left: 

church under his feet . Southwold — ditto. 

Principalities: 

Crowned: bearing palm branch in 

left hand, and a vial in right Barton Turf— roodsereen. 

Standing in a citadel : sceptre . Southwold — ditto. 

Powers : 

Chaining and scourging devils Barton Turf— roodsereen. 

Holding devil in a chain : scourging 
and trampling upon him . Southwold — ditto. 

Norwich Cathedral — old 
Jont. 

Virtues : 

In green clothing of blue feathers Barton Turf — roodscreen. 
Crown in right, censer in left . Southwold — ditto. 

St. Anoelus, M. 1225 

Lilies and roses falling from his 

mouth Ikonographie. 

Hung on a tree .... Lud. Caracoi. 
Carmelite, — sword plunged into his 
breast, book, palm encircled by 

three crowns «... Ghent Academy ; Theodore 

Boyermans. 
Pari$ — Ch. of Carmelites. 



8AINT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 18 

St. Angradesma, Angadresma, or 

ANDRAGASYNA, V. 698 

Marks of small pox on her face . Vies des Saint* — A Lyon 

1783. 
Catalog** Sanctorum. 

St. Ann, Mother of the Blessed 
Virgin Mart. 

Teaching our Blessed Lady to read West WickhamCh.— glass. 

Houghton-U-Dale — rood- 
screen. 

Taverham—font. 
Callot. 

Tableau de la Croix. 
Standing behind our B. Lady and 

Infant Jesus .... Coney Hall Chapel — win- 
dow. 
Offering fruit to the Infant Jesus in 
the lap of the B. Virgin . . B. Museum.— Add. MS. 

17012. 
Triple crown in left hand ; book in 

right M.S. Hours. 

Infant Jesus on her arm : B. V. Mary 

before her Primer — 1516. 

B. V. Mary on her knee : Infant Jesus 

on the knee of the B. Virgin . M.S. Hours. 
Carrying our Infant Saviour in one 
arm, and Infant B. V. Mary on the 

other Coins of Brunswick. 

Standing, holding out her mantle : the 
B. V. with Infant Jesus in front Hora B. M. V. 1508 — 

Simon Vostre. 
Meeting St. Joachim at the golden 
gate of Jerusalem , . . Missale Sarisb. 1534. 

M.S. Hours. 
Der Heyligen Leben. 
Cossey Hall Chapel — win- 
dow. 



u 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 



St. Ansanus, M. 4th cent. 

Palm with a cluster of dates : standard 



ofcros8 

St, An8Bert, B. G. 695 

Discipline in his hand . 

St. Anscharius, B. C. 865 

Converted Danes near him 
Wearing a fur pellisse 

St. Anselm, B. C. D. 1109 

B. V. Mary with Infant Jesus ap- 
pearing to him 

Exorcising a monk 
Holding the model of a ship 



Flor. Gal. — Sim. Memmi. 



Burgtnaier. 



Ikonographie. 
Die Attribute. 



Lives of Saints — F. Porter. 

Die Attribute. 

Callot. 

Old Engraving. 



St. Ansovinus, B. C. 
A barn near him . 



840 



Die Attribute. 



St. Anthony, Abbot, C. 251 

Staff like the letter T . 

Staff and bell in his hand 

Staff: pig with bell hung about its 

neck 

Walking on fire : a pig on each side 
Pig by his side, or at his feet 

Staff with bell and book hung to it, 
and pig by his side 

Bell in his hand .... 
Cross T on his cloak : pig by his side 
Torch or firebrand, and bell . 
Staff with two bells 



Cimabue. 
Wilhelm. 

Westhall — roodsereen. 
M.S. Hours. 
Norbury Ch. — window. 
Arbor Pastoralis. 

Leuchtenberg Gal. — Co- 
rotto. 

Sparham — window. 

Tableau de la Croix. 

Israel v. Miehien. 

Turin Gal. — Gaud. Fer- 
rari 



8AINT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 



15 



St. Anthony (continued). 
Flames under his feet . 

Standing in a doorway . , 

Devil at his feet. 

Devil in the form of a goat. 

St. Anthony or Padua, C. 1281 

On a book in his left, the Holy Infant 
Jesus standing: crucifix in his light 

Kneeling : Infant Jesus in his arms 
Kneeling : Infant Jesus appearing to 

him on a cloud .... 
Ditto : with globe and cross . 
Lily in his hand .... 
Lily and book .... 

Raising a child to life *. 
Ass or mule kneeling : the saint 
holding up the B. Sacrament * 



Heures SAwm de Bre 

tagne. 
Molanu$. 



Preaching to fishes 

Vanquishing the devil . 

In Franciscan habit only 

Lily in right hand, holding one foot 
of the Holy Infant Jesus standing 
on a cloud, who embraces him . 

Flame of fire in his hand 

Finding a miser's heart in his money 
chest 

The saint holding a net or purse over 
a bowl of water : boy standing by 
with fish on a plate . 



Berlin Gal. — MurtUo. 
Tableau de la Croix. 
Alonzo Cano. 

Hueberus. 

Murillo. 

Raphael. 

Padua — Eremitani 

Chapel. 
Certosa, near Pavia. 

CaUot. 

Padua — Donatella — has 

relief. 
Campagnola— fresco. 
CaUot. 

Der Heyligen Leben. 
Old Italian Pictures. 



Old Picture (private 

possession). 
Siena School. 
Vatican. 

PeseUino. 



Velasquez. 



16 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEM8. 

St. Antonia, V.M. 300 

Barrel near her .... Ikonographie. 
Shut up in a barrel . . Die Attribute. 

St. Antoninus of Toulouse, C. 
Fountain obtained by his prayers Die Attribute. 

St. Antoninus of Sorento, C. 830 
Standard — wall of a city . Ikonographie. 

St. Antoninus of Florence, 
Bp. Conf. 1459 

Dominican friar, wearing the pallium Cosimo Rosetti. 
Dominican friar: mitre near him Ikonographie. 
Drifting down a river in a boat. 

Holding a book in a bag . British Museum — Isabella 

Breviary 

St. Anzano, M. 15th cent. 

Carrying a heart and liver . . Die Attribute. 

St. Apelles, Hermit. 
Locksmith's tools about him . Ikonographie. 

St. Aper, B. C. 5th cent. 

Delivering possessed persons . Callot. 

St. Aphraates, Anchoret. 4th cent. 

Striking a rock : water gushing out Gueffier. 
Refusing a rich robe . . . Blaise. 

St. Apollinaris, B. M. 79 

A club Ikonographie. 

Beaten by the devil with a club . Der Heyligen Leben. 
Standing or sitting upon hot coals Die Attribute. 
Preaching to sheep . . Ravenna — mosaic in his 

church. 
Angel bringing him a crown . Weyen, 

Holding a sword .... British Museum — Isabella 

Breviary. 



SAINT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 17 

St. Apollinaris Sidonius, B. C. 482 
Writing religious poems Ieones Sanctorum. 

St. Apollonia, V. M. 249 

Holding a tooth in pincers . Ludham — roodscreen. 

Westhall— ditto. 

Barton Turf— ditto. 

Lessingham — ditto. 

Tableau de la Croix. 

Arbor PastoraUs. 
Her teeth palled out . . CaUot. 

Catalogue Sanctorum. 
Pincers in left hand : tooth in right Private possession : for- 
merly on the roodsereen 
of St. John's Madder* 
Market, Norwich. 
Pincers without a tooth . Bologna — Vitalis. 

II Giottino. 
Pincers alone .... Cologne — St Mary's. 
Tied to a pillar and scourged Hora B. M. V. — 1508. 

St. Apollonius, M. 300 

Funeral pile Monographic. 

Drowned in the sea Die Attribute. 

Crucified Wcyen. 

SS. Aquila and Prisca, or 
Pbjscilla, MM. 

Making tents .... CaUot. 
Shoemaker's tools: each holding a 
sword Ikonographie. 

St. Aquhjnus, B. C. 
A blind bishop giving alms . Icones Sanctorum. 

St. Aquilinus, M. 1220 

Sword in his neck . Die Attribute. 

*1 



18 



8A1NTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 



St. Arcadius, M. 

Stretched on the rack . 
Lighted taper 
Club and sword . 
Joints and limbs chopped off 



200 



Old Engraving. 

Ikonographie. 

Die Attribute. 

Oueffier. 

Lambrecht. 

Blaise. 



St. Ar£, B. C. 
Lying down in a boat. 

St. Ariadne, V. 
Hiding in a rock from her pursuers Ikonographie. 



St. Aristion, M. 
Burnt on a funeral pile 



Die Attribute. 



St. Armogastes, C. abt. 457. 

Condemned to keep cows . . Oueffier. 



St. Arnold, B. C. 
Fish with a ring in its mouth 



640 



Burgmaier* 



St. Arnulphus, B. C. 1087 

Wolf going before him into a town Icones Sanctorum. 
Praying in a cave 



St. Artemiu8, M. 

Heathen temple in flames 
Crushed between two stones 



330 



Callot. 



Die HeiligenHlder. 
Old Engraving. 



SS. Ascylus or Ocysellus and 
Victoria, MM. 

Crowned with loses 

St. Athala, V. 
Corpse with one hand cut off 



Christl. KumUymbolik. 
Catalogus Sanctorum. 



Die Attribute, 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 19 

St. Athaxasia, W. Abbess, 850 

Weaving at a loom : star over her CaUot. 

Star on her breast Die HeiUgenbUder. 

St. Athanasius, B. C. D. 872 

As a Greek archbishop with the pal- 
lium, standing between two co- 
lumns : open book in his hand . Ancient Painting at Alex- 
andria, engraved in his 
works. Paris, 1627. 
Heretics under his feet . . Old Engraving. 

St. Atheogenes, M. 

Executioner's hand paralysed, on 
attempting to scourge him . Icones Sanctorum. 

St. Attalus, M. 177 

Burnt on a red hot stool . Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 

Collection of Old Engra- 
vings. 

St. Aubebt, B. C. 669 

Baker' 8 peel, or shovel . . . Ghent Cathedral — on a 

dalmatic. 

SS. Audifax and Abaccm, MM. 270 
Tied to a stake, and torn with hooks Old Engraving. 

St. Audrey, see Etheldreda. 

St. Augusta, V. M. abt. 300 

On a funeral pile, holding a sword Die Attribute. 

St. Augustin, B. C. D. 430 

Holding an inflamed heart . . Tableau de la Croix. 

Molanus. 
An arrow, or two arrows crosswise, 
in a heart . Die Attribute. 



20 saints with their emblems. 

St. Augu8Tin (continued). 

Holding a heart pierced with an arrow National Gal. — Meister 

von Lie8born. 

An eagle Die Heiligenbilder. 

Child with spoon on the sea shore National Gal. — Garofalo. 

Louvre — MuriUo. 
Child before him, with a shell . C allot. 
Ditto a spoon . Primer — 1516. 

A light from heaven, with the word 

Veritas Old Engraving. 

Black habit, with leathern girdle . Old Paintings in Angus- 

tinian Monasteries. 

St. Augustin of England, B. C. 604 

Baptizing Ethelbert, King of Kent Lives of Saints — F. 

Porter. 

St. Aurea, V. 

Thrown into the sea, with a mill-stone 
hung about her neck . Callot. 

St. Auxentius, B. C. 
Refusing to sacrifice to Bacchus . Icones Sanctorum. 

St. Aventinus, C. 540 

Extracting a thorn from a bear's foot. Ikonographie. 

St. Avitus, Abbot. abt. 511 

Discovered in his solitude by a 
shepherd Gueffier. 

St. Avoice, see Hedwiges. 

St. Balbina, V. 130 

Chain in her hand, or fetters near 

her Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 

Painting in Ch. at Rome. 
Kissing chains of captives . Gueffier. 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 21 

B. Baldwin, O. P. 

B. V. Mary offering him to drink from 

two vessels .... Lib. 88m. Belgii, 0. 1*. 

St. Baldomer, see Galmier. 

St. Barachiel, Archangel. 
Lap of his cloak full of white roses Faber's "B. Sacrament" 

St. Barbara, V. M. abt. 806 

Tower— carrying . . Lorenzo di Credi. 

N. Walsham — roodscreen. 

Barton Turf — rood-screen. 

Fitby — roodscreen. 

East Harling — window. 
Ditto by her side . . Yaxley — roodscreen. 

Tableau de la Croix. 
Tower with three windows . . Molanus. 



in background, remonstrance 



in left hand, lighted torch in right, 
wreath on head, supporting a 
church, as a crown . Cossey Hall — window. 

Tower behind her : seated with open 

book Bernard van Orley. 

Ditto : trampling on a Saracen, lamb 

in front MS. Hours (Flemish ). 

Ditto : carrying a peacock's feather Quentin Matsys. 

Carrying a peacock's feather . Lambrecht. 

Tower and palm .... Eanworth — i^. parclose. 

Babur — window, Nave X. 
Tower and chalice . . Urach—Ch. of St. Amand. 

Tower building: seated: book and 

palm Haarlem — Van Eych, 

Tower with chalice and S. Host in 

doorway Sienna — Ch. of St. 

Dominic. 
Heures par J. Quentin, 

1522. 
Catalogus Sanctorum,. 



22 



8A1NT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 



St. Barbara (continued). 

Tower, with chalice in a window . 
Tower, at the entrance of, holding 

chalice with Sacred Host . 
Carrying a long feather 

Chalice with Sacred Host . 
Ring and palm 
Spear and palm 

Burnt with torches 
Cannon at her feet 

Trampling on her father 

SS. Barlaam and Josaphat, MM. 

3rd cent. 

Praying in a cave .... 

St. Barnabas, Ap. 

Holding St. Matthew's Gospel 

Stoned 

Pressing a stone to his breast 
Burnt to death 
Open book and staff 
Three stones. 
Fire near him 



Matthias Griinewald. 

Munich Gal. — Holbein. 
Munich Gal. — Michael 

Coxis. 
Liber Cronicarum. 
B. Museum.— Add. MS. 
Vienna Gal. — F. Paolo 

da Pistoja. 
Old Etching. 

Venice — Oh. of Sa. Maria. 
Formosa, PaJma Vecchio. 
Oxford — Bodleian Lib. 

MS. 



Callot. 



Bonifazio. 

Calht. 

Tableau de la Croix. 

Der Heyligen Leben. 

Exeter Cathe. — statue. 

Old Engraving. 



St. Bartholomew, Ap. 
Flaying knife in his hand 



Edingthorpe — roodscreen. 
Tunstead — ditto. 
Ranworth — ditto. 
Worstead — ditto. 
Worstead — screen N. A is. 
St. Albans — Brass of 

Delamere. 
Tableau de la Croix. 



8AJNT3 WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 29 

St. Bartholomew (continued). 

Knife and book .... BlofiM — roodeereen. 

N Tuddenham — window. 
Giotto. • 

Knife in his hand : devil under his 

feet Flos Santorum. 

Healing a Princess of Armenia Paris — Notre Dame. 

St. Basil the Great, B. C. D. 879 

Dove perched on bis arm : a hand 
reaching him a pen . C allot. 

Before a fire Die Attribute. 

Column of fire : dove at his head Old Engraving. 

St. Basil of Anctra, M. 862 

Torn by a lioness .... ChrisU. Kunstsymbolik. 
Lioness by his side . . . Ikonographie. 

SS. Basili8sa and Anastasia, MM. 

1st cent. 

Burying the martyrs . . C allot. 

Feet, hands and heads cut off . Gueffier. 

St. Bathildes, Queen. 680 

Before an altar of B. V. Mary : two 
angels supporting an infant on a 
ladder Burgmaier. 

Our B. Saviour appearing to her with 
his cross Blaise. 

St. Bavo, Anchoret 630 

Presenting himself to St. Amand, 

who is distributing alms . . National Gal. — Rubens. 
Sword and sceptre : hooded hawk 

near him Be Levens der Heylige. 

Living in a hollow tree . . Die Attribute. 

Carrying a great stone in his arm Ikonographie. 
A small waggon .... Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 



24 8AJNT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEM8. 

St. Bavo (continued). 

Healing a man run over by a waggon Burgmaier. 

Staff and glove .... Ghent Cathedral — on a 

dalmatic. 
Falcon on his hand . . . Ghent Cathedral — statue. 

St. Beatrix, V. M. 303 

Cords in left hand: candle in right M.S. Hours. 

Strangled with a rope . Callot. 

A rope in her hand . . . Ikonographie. 

St. Bede, C. 735 

Holding up a pitcher: light from 
heaven Old Engraving. 

St. Begga, Wid. 689 

Abbess crowned, holding model of a 

monastery Chorographia Sacra 

Brabantice, 

St. Benedict, Abbot 543 

A devil howling on each side of him : 

piercing one of them with his 

crosier Burlingham St. Andrew — 

roodscreen. 
Gup on a book .... Arbor PastoralU. 
Cup breaking : liquor spilt . . Columnce milit. Eccl. 
Cup with serpents, on a book . Lib. Cronicarum. 
Haven at his feet : cross in his hand Tableau de la Croix. 
Haven with loaf in his bill . . Columna, etc. 
Boiling in thorns . . . Catalogm Sanctorum. 

Milan — Brera — Le Clerc. 
Stick in his hand, raven upon it . Gouda Ch. — window. 
Thorns near him .... Die HeUigenbilder. 
In a cave : food let down to him by 

a monk Die Attribute. 

A pitcher Christl. Kumtsymbolik. 

Ball of fire Die Attribute. 



SAINTS WITH THE IE EMBLEMS. 25 

St. Benedict (continued). 

Asperges brush .... Perugino. 

Sieve at bis feet .... East Bergholt — Crotier 

of Abbess. 
A broken sieve .... Engraving by Wierx. 

Naples — Ant. lo Zingaro. 

St. Benedict of Anian, Ab. 821 

Giving the habit to St. William of 

Aquitaine Bologna Acad. 

Ouercino. 

St. Benionus, M. 169 

Idol before him, broken and falling C allot. 

Holding a key .... Coins of his Abbey — 

Piedmont. 
A dog by his side .... Ikonographie. 
Two crossed spears. 
Cross saltire in the background. 

St. Benionus of Rome, M. 

In armour, holding a banner, on 
horseback Die Attribute. 

St. Benjamin, M. 424 

Reeds thrust under his nails, and a 
knotted stake through his bowels C allot. 

St. Bennet Biscop, Ab. 690 

Standing by the river Tyne : two 
monasteries in sight . . Print by Hollar. 

St. Benno, B. 0. 1106 

Two keys, fish hanging to them, 

supported by an angel . Bavaria Pia. 

Fish on a book, and two keys Bilder Legende. 

Fish, with church key in its mouth Die Attribute. 
Fish, key tied round its neck. 



26 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Bkbnard, Ab. D. 1158 

Bearing instruments of our Saviour's 
passion ..... Arbor Pastoralis. 

Molanus. 
B. V. Mary with Infant Jesus ap- 
pearing to him .... Der Heyligen Leben. 
Three mitres on his book, or at his feet Oarofalo. 
Holding the devil in a chain, white 
dog at his feet B. Museum — Isabella 

Breviary. 
White dog at his feet . . . Cossey Hall Chapel — 

window. 
White dog with red back . Die Attribute. 

B. V. M. with Infant Jesus appear- 
ing to him, and giving him milk 
from her breast . . . Primer — 1516. 

Molanus. 
A beehive (as the mellifluous doctor) Dresden Gallery. 
Writing : angel holding his crosier Engraving — A. Mochetti. 

St. Bernard of Menthon, C. 1008 

Binding an evil spirit . . Fred. Borromaw, Be 

Pietura Sacra — Lib. 
27., e. 11. 

St. Bernard of Tibonio, C. 1117 

Turner's lathe and tools . Ihonographie. 

A wolf bringing him a strayed sheep 

or calf Die Attribute. 

St. Bernard Ptolomeus, G. 1348 

Vision of a ladder, with monks con- 
ducted to heaven by angels . Column* milk. Eed. 

St. Bernardinus, C. 1444 

Holding three green mounds, sur- 
mounted by a banner, with a figure 

rising out of a crown . . Raphael — in possession of 

Lord Ward. 



27 



St. Berkajldinus (continued). 

Holding three mounds, surmounted 
by a cross banner Siena School. 

Holding a banner with monogram 

I H 8 : star over his forehead . Hueberus, in Menologio. 

Monogram I H 8 suirounded by rays 



of glory in his hand . 


• 


P. Laurati. 

Golden Legends — Caxton. 
Catalogue Sanctorum. 
Lib. Cronicarum. 


The same — above him . 


• 


M.8 Houre. 


B. V. Mary appearing to him, 


over 


i 


the gate of a prison . 


• 


CaUot. 


St. Bernward, B. 0. 


1021 




Short cross in his hand 


• 


Die Attribute. 


Hammer — making a chalice 


• 


Ditto. 



St. Bertha, Abbess. abt 725 

Kneeling with her daughter before 
an altar Gueffier. 

St. Bertold, Abbot 1130 

Fishes coming to him . Bavaria Pia. 

Angel holding a fish on a plate Acta Sanctorum. 

Carrying fish and bread . Die Attribute. 

St. Bertulph, Abbot. 710 

Changing water into wine . Ikonographie. 

Eagle sheltering him from rain . Christl. Kunsteymbolih. 

A ship or barge in his hand . Die Attribute. 

St. Bibiana, V. M. 363 

Dagger and palm .... Rome — in her Church. 
Branch of a tree in her hand Ikonographie. 

St. Bibinus, B. C. abt. 650 

Walking on the sea, carrying B. 
Sacrament .... C allot. 



28 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Birinus (continued). 
Giving sight to the blind . Icones Sanctorum. 

St. Blandina, V. M. 177 

Tied to a pillar ; lion and bear near 

her CaUat. 

An ox near her .... Die Attribute. 
Tossed by a bull in the amphitheatre Old Engraving. 

St. Blase, B. M. 304 

Crosier and book .... Aylsham — private posses- 
sion: formerly on the 
roodscreen of Saint 
James\ Norwich. 
As a Bishop only, with mitre and 

crosier Hempstead — roodscreen. 

Woolcomb in his hand . . Coins of Eagusa. 

Simon Memmi. 
Oxford— Christ Church 
Cathedral — mndow. 
Two woolcards by his side . Arbor Pastoralis. 

Burning torch or taper in his hand Lib. Cronicarum. 

Primer, 1516. 
Crosier and taper . . . Bonn — Cathedral. 

Torn with iron combs . . • Catalogue Sanctorum. 

Old Etching. 
Chorister holding a taper by him Die A t tribute. 
Commanding, or healing wild beasts C allot. 
A boar's head near him . . Ditto. 
A bird bringing him food . Ditto. 

Boar's head brought to him in prison Das Passional. 
In a cave, discovered by hunters . Oueffler. 
Ditto, fawn lying by his side Blaise. 

St. Blida (Mother of St. Walstan). 

Crowned, holding a book and palm Aylsham— private posses- 

sion : formerly on the 
roodscreen of Saint 
James* t Norwich. 



St. Buda (continued). 

A female with apparently the name 
of St. Buda .... X. Tuddemkam Chancel 

XJ:. vimdo*. 

St. Bona, V. 1207 

Short cross, double barred, in her 
hands joined .... Die Attribute. 

St. Bonayxntube, B. C. D. 1274 

Kneeling before a crucifix, which 

darts light upon him Hmeberue. 

Bishop, holding Cardinal's hat Louvre — Pitro di Cosimo 

RoseUL 
Franciscan friar holding a pyx . Spagna. 
The B. Sacrament over his head . CriveUi. 
Holding a remonstrance . . Weyen. 
Receiving the H. Eucharist from an 

angel CaUot. 

St. Boniface, M. 307 

Reeds thrust under his nails Callot. 

Thrown into a cauldron of boiling 
pitch Old Engraving. 

St. Boniface, B. M. 755 

Book pierced with a sword . Coins of the Abbey of 

Fulda. 
Arbor PastoraHe. 
Lives of Saints — F. Porter. 
Hand reaching him a cross . Burgmaier. 

Beaten to death with a club . Der HeyUgen Leben. 

A scourge Die Attribute. 

Sword upon a book: striking the 
ground with his archiepiscopal 
cross, and water springing up . De Levens der Heylige. 
A bishop felling an oak . Munich — Church. 

Queffier. 



80 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Boniface (continued). 

Angel bringing him a fish : behind 
him axe laid at the root of an oak Old Engraving, 

St. Bonosus, Hermit. 4th cent. 
Praying under a tree . . . Tbosoh. 

St. Botolph, Ab. 655 

Church or monastery in his hand Newoourt — Repertorium 

Vol. \,p. 306. 

St. Brice, B. C. 444 . 

Carrying burning coals in his vest- 
ment: infant on the ground near 
him ...... Callot. 

Gupffier. 

Carrying burning coals in his cope: 
archiepiscopal cross in his hand Langley Hall, Norfolk — 

window. 

Infant in his arms. 

Burning coals in his hand. 

Carrying fire in his lap . . Weyen. 

St. Bridget of Sweden, Wid. 1373 

Cross, cap, and wallet . . . Lib, Cronicarum. 
Pilgrim's staff and bottle . Arbor Pas tor alls. 

Crowned — crosier, book, and chain in 

her hand Westkall — roodscreen. 

Taper dropping wax upon her arm Die Attribute. 

Callot. 
Holding a heart marked with a cross Ihonographie. 
Our B. Saviour appearing to her, 

with the instruments of his passion Primer, 1516. 
Bed Jerusalem crucifix in her hand Die Attribute. 
Kneeling before a crucifix, and devil 

flying off Callot. 

Crowned figure appearing to her. 



BUNTS WITH THEIB EMBLEMS. 31 

St. Bridget, or Bride, of Kildabe, 
Abbess. 523 

Holding a cross, and casting out a 

devil Old Engraving. 

Flame over her head lkonographie. 

A barn near her Die Attribute. 

Restoring a man's hand cut off Burgmaier. 

B. Bridget of Holland, O. P. 

Receiving the sacred stigmas . Woodchester — Liber 

SSm. Belgii, 0. P. 

St. Bbiebuo, or Bbiocus, B. C. 

abt. 502 
Fiery pillar above him . . Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 

St. Bbuno, C. 1101 

Crucifix, with leaves and flowers at 

the ends Tableau de la Croix. 

on a palm branch . . Ohorographia Sacra Bra- 

banti<B. 

foliage springing from it Columna milit. Feci. 

Star on his breast, crucifix in his 

hand, globe under his feet . Die Attribute. 

St. Bubkhabd, B. C. 753 

Sacred Host in his hand . lkonographie. 

St. Cjesarius, B. C. 542 

Hid in a cave : angels extinguishing 

the flames of a burning city . Iconee Sanctorum. 
Met by people with tapers . . C allot. 

Oueffier. 
As a child, giving his clothes to the 

poor Weyen. 

St. Cajetan, C. 1547 

Lily in his hand . . . lkonographie. 



82 8AINT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Cajetan (continued). 

Inflamed and winged heart appear- 
ing : the saint opening his breast Oolumna milit. Ecd. 

St. Calepodius, M. 3rd cent. 

Thrown into the Tiber . Old Engraving. 

St. Cali8tratus, M. 
Supported on two dolphins in the sea Callot. 

St. Calliopa, V. M. 
Hot iron applied to her breast . Callot. 

St. Callixtu8, P. M. 222 

Thrown into a well . . Callot. 

Das Passional. 
Springs of water near him . . Die Attribute. 
Millstone tied to his neck . lkonographie. 

Huge stone ditto . . . Weyen. 

St. Camillu8 de Lellis, C. 1614 
Ministering to the sick . . Oolumna milit. Ecd. 

St. Candida, V. M. 
Scourged at a stake . . . Callot. 

St. Canute, K. M. 1086 

Dagger, lance, or arrow . . lkonographie. 
Lying or kneeling before an altar. 

St. Cabadoc, Hermit. 1124 

In chain mail, church in one hand, 
spear in the other: coronet over 

his hood of mail . Oxford — Ashmn. Museum, 

Dugdale, O. II. f. 11. 

St. Cabaunus, or Cheron, M. 

End of the 5th cent. 

Carrying his head Chartres Cathed.— window. 



SAINTS WITH THEIB EMBLEMS. S3 



St. Caroline, V. 




Holding a thistle . 


German Picture, 


St. Cabpophobus, M. 


304 


His body guarded by wolves 


Callot. 



St. Casilda, V. 1126 

Roses in her lap (bread changed into 

them) Ikonographie. 

St. Casimib, C. 1483 

Crowned : holding a lily . Pitti Gal. Carlo Dolci. 

Praying at the church door at night Blaise. 

St. Cassian, M. 3rd cent. 

Stabbed by his own scholars Bavaria Pia. 

St. Castor, C. 4th cent. 

Saying a sinking ship . IJconographie. 

St. Castobius, M. 
Sculptor at work upon a statue Callot. 

St. Catherine, V. M. 290 

Wheel set with spikes N. Walsham — roodscreen. 

Wheel and sword N. Walsham — ditto. 

Westhall — ditto. 
LesHngham — ditto. 
Babur — Nave, S. window. 
Wheel broken, and palm . . Cima da Conegliano. 
Wheel held by Maximin, the saint 

trampling upon him . . . Westminster — Hen. VI I. 

Chapel — window. 
West Wiekham — window 
Wheel — sword point entering it . Burlingham St. Andrew 

— roodscreen. 
Wheel — saint kneeliug on it, crowned Vienna Gal. — F. Paolo da 

Pistoja. 



84 SAINTS WITH THEIB EMBLEMS. 

St. Catherine (continued). 

Wheel — double, with spikes — two 

men under it: angel breaking it 

with hammer .... M.S. Hours. 
Wheel broken, and palm, held by an 

angel: the saint crowned with 

white flowers .... Bernardino Luini. 
Wheel at her feet : another springing 

from a cross behind her . . Cologne — Ch. of St. Louis. 
Two wheels supported by a post . Cologne — Oh. of St. Cun 

bert. 
Wheels broken about her . . Catfield— fresco. 
Sword in her hand . • . Stratton Strawlets — win. 
Sword and book .... FiUby — roodscreen. 
Espoused to our B. Saviour . . Orosvenor Gal. — Perugino. 
Carried by angels to Mount Sinai Milan — Brera— fresco by 

Lueini. 
CaUot. 
Lamb and palm .... Turin Gal.—-Guido. 
Hail striking down her torturers Die Attribute. 

Palm and staff .... Bonn — Cathedral. 
Palm and book .... Edingthorpe — roodscreen. 

St. Catherine of Sienna, V. 1880 

Crowned with thorns: cross in her 
hand Arbor PastoraUs. 

Crowned with thorns: crucifix, in- 
flamed heart .... Andre. 

Crowned with thorns by our B. 
Saviour Venice — Acad. F. Bissolo. 

Receiving a crown of thorns and 
rosary from our Infant Saviour Borne — Sasso Ferrato. 

Crowned with thorns : cross and 
flowers in right hand, heart with 
cross upon it, in left • . B. Museum — Isabella 

Breviary. 
, Crucifix upon a heart . . Liber Cronicarum. 



Uim WITH THK1B EMBLXM8. S5 

St. Catherine or Sienna (continued). 

Espoused to our B. Saviour, appearing 
as an infant .... PUH Qal.—Fra BarUh 

lomeo. 
Our Saviour giving his sacred heart 
in exchange for her heart : angel 
holding crown and crown of thorns Florence — A oademy. 
Gross and book .... Ghirlandajo. 
Crucifix, lily and palm behind open 
book, in right hand : flaming heart 
with I H 8 in left : three crowns 

over her head, supported by angels Woodehester — Epitt. de- 

votits. de S. Catk. 
Espoused to our Saviour . . Pitti Gal. — P. Veronese. 
Holding an inflamed heart • Buffaltnacco. 

Idly at her feet : rays from stigma 
in her hand .... Vienna Gal. — F.Paolo da 

Pistoja. 
Dove upon her head . . Catalogue Sanctorum. 

Stigmas : lily and book . . Sienna, Ch. of St. Domi- 
nic— freeoo by Razzi. 
Ring in her hand .... Ihonographie. 
Receiving the sacred stigmas 
Converting robbers . . Mrs. Jameson. 

St. Catherine of Sweden, V. 1381 

Abbess holding a lily . . . Old Engraving. 
Dressing a poor man's wounds . Callot. 
A hind at her side . . . Die Attribute. 
B. Sacrament brought to her to adore 
on her death bed . . . Gueffier. 

St. Catherine of Bologna, V. 1463 
Carrying the Holy Infant Jesus . Ihonographie. 

St. Cecily, V. M. 220 

Crown and wreath of flowers, and a 
palm FUby — roodsereen. 



36 



SAINT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 



St. Ceoilt (continued). 

Wreath of roses in left hand, sword 
in right, and wreath of roses on 
her head 

Green wreath and a palm . 

Wreath of red roses on her head, and 

tall sprig of almond leaves and 

flowers in her hand . 
Wreath on her head, and in her hand 

of white roses and lilies . 
Wreath of flowers on her head : right 

hand leaning on a sword . 
Sprig of white flowers in her 

hand 

Organ pipes in her hand 



Reposing in her tomb . 
Boiled in a cauldron 
Seated, palm and book 
Violin .... 
Appearing to Pope Pascal I. 



Shewing the angel to Valerian 

Harp. 

Three wounds in her neck. 



GiUingham Ch. — window. 
Durlingham St. Andrew — 
roodscreen. 



Trimmingham — roodsoreen. 

N. Elmham — roodsoreen. 

Martham Ch. — window. 

Denton Church Chest. 
Bologna QaX. — Raphael. 
Arbor Pastoralis. 
Tableau de la Croix. 
Borne — in her Church. 
Catalogue Sanctorum. 
Florence Qal. — Cimabue. 
Canipidoglio — N. Consoni. 
Ancient fresco, given by 

Cimpini. 
Oueffier. 



St. Ceebomius, B. C 
Bear licking his feet 

St. Ohamael, Angel. 
Staff and cup 



6th cent. 



Oueffier. 



Die Attribute. 



St. Chabitina, V. M. 290 

Angel extinguishing a funeral pile Die Attribute. 

Pair of tongs .... Christl. KunsUymboUk. 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 37 

St. Chariton, Anchoret, abt. 340 

Hands manacled : serpent before him, 
d linking out of a cup . . Columns milit. Eccl. 

St. Charles, B. C. 1584 

Communicating the sick, during the 

plague Louvre. 

Bologna Gallery. 
Kneeling before an altar : rope round 

his neck Le Bran, 

St. Che ron, see Caraukus. 

St. Christiana, V. 4th cent. 

Captive converting a king. 

St. Christina, V. M. abt. 300 

Pierced by three arrows . N. Elmham — roodscreen. 

Millstone hung about her neck . Venice — Vincenzio Catena. 

Her hand resting on a millstone . Munich — Johann Shored 
Millstone by her side : two arrows in 

her hand Lucas v. Leyden. 

Holding a millstone Quintin Matsys. 

Man shooting an arrow at her Cullot. 

Der Heyligen Leben. 

In prison, breaking idols . . I cones Sanctorum. 

Serpent twined round her wrist . Tableau de la Croix. 

A knife Ikonographie. 

A pair of tongs . Die Attribute. 

Arrow and sceptre . . Eye — roodsereen. 

St. Christopher, M. abt. 250 

Giant wading through a river, bear- 
ing the Holy Infant Jesus on his 

shoulder Cossey Hall Chapel — win- 
dow : and frescoes in 
many Churches. 
Ditto — but the H. Infant with three 
heads Sedgford Church. 



38 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 



St. Chbistopheb (continued). 
Ditto — also hermit with lantern . 

Ditto — hermit without lantern 

St. Chrysanthus, M. 250 

Stoned 

Pit near him with mud 

Buried alive .... 

Axe and torch .... 



Winchester — St. John's 

Church— fresco. 
Joachim Patenter. 



Callot. 

Ikonographie. 
Old Etching. 
Die Attribute. 



St. Citha, see Sitha. 

St. Clare, Abbess 

£. Sacrament in her hand 
Remonstrance in her hand 



1253 



Lily in her hand . 



Molanus. 

Trimmingham — roodscreen . 
Arbor Pastoralis. 
Tableau de la Croix. 
Bologna Gallery — Lucio 

Massaii. 
Rome — Church of St. Co- 

simato — Perugino. 
Margheritoni cFArezzio. 
Puccio Cay anna. 



Tall cross fixed in a turban on the 

ground; and trampling on a 

scimitar French Engraving. 

Cross with crosslets, like asperges 

brushes ..... Old Portrait at Assissium. 

St. Clare of Monte Falco, V. 1808 

Three balls in her right hand: in- 
truments of the Passion on her 
heart : lily in her left . Acta Sanctorum. 

Three balls in left hand : instru- 
ments of the Passion on her breast : 
crosier in right . . . Cattot. 

Holding three nails . . . Weyen. 



SAIKTS WITH THE1B EMBLEMS. 39 

St. Clabus, M. abt. 894 

Monastic habit: head in his hands Rouen — St Maclou. 

St. Claude, B. C. 696 

Putting off his episcopal vestments, 

as resigning his bishopric Cattot. 

Blessing a boy who kneels before 

him Tableau de la Croix. 

Bowel wound round a windlass Heures a V usage de 

Meauex — Jekau de Brie, 
1521.* 

St. Clement, P. M. 100 

Mitre, triple cross, anchor in his 

hand Westhall — roodscreen. 

Tiara, triple cross, anchor at his feet Denton Church Chest ; 

formerly on the rood- 
screen. 
Kneeling in prayer before an altar: 
attendant holding the tiara on a 

book Cologne— Church of St. 

Cunibert — sacristy. 
Double cross .... Houghton le-Dale — rood- 

screen 
Lying in a marble temple, in the sea Das Passional. 
Floating, with anchor to his neck Callot. 
Leaning on an anchor . . Cossey Hall Chapel — 

window. 
Fountain obtained by his prayers Die Attribute. 

St. Clodoaldus, or Cloud, B. C. 560 

Benedictin monk, with royal insignia Die HeiligenbUder. 
Instructing the poor . . Burgmaier. 

* Probably a mistake of the printer, as this emblem belongs to St Erasmus : 
bat it occurs again and again in the book, and always with the name of Si. 
Claude. 



40 saints with their emblems. 

St. Clotilda, Qu. 584 

In royal robes: angel with a shield 
with fleurs de lys at her side . Jameson, 

St. Cointha, V. M. 249 

Dragged by her feet, and stoned . Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 

St. Colman, M. 1012 

Hung on a gibbet .... Bavaria Pia. 
Hung on a gibbet: a man cutting 

flesh of! his thigh . . Das Passional. 

Pilgrim, with a rope in his hand . Die Attribute. 

St. Columba, V. M. 273 

Palm in her right hand: holding a 

bear by a chain with her left Cologne — Church of St. 

Columba, 
Bear fawning upon her . Ditto. 

Bear approaching on one side : man 

struck down on the other . . Ditto. 

In chains Callot. 

Holding a crucifix . , . Tableau de la Croix. 

On a funeral pile : angel appearing, 

and a cloud quenching the flames Die Attribute. 
A fire Ditto. 

St. Columba, V. (De poenit. S. 
Dominici.) 

Dove, lily, and book . . . Perugia — Church of St. 

Dominic. 

St. Columban, Abbot. 615 

Taming a wild beast . Icones Sanctorum. 

In a bear's den : fountain near him Die Attribute. 

Sunbeams over his head . . Die Heiligenbilder. 
Kneeling among wolves. 

St. Columbina, V. 
Bear devouring a man at her feet Das Passional. 



8AINT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEM8. 41 

St. Comgall, Abbot. 601 

Bed hot stone in his hand . . Ikonographie. 
Angel bringing him a fish Die Attribute, 

St. Concordia, V. M. 252 

Scourged at a stake with leaden 
scorpions C allot. 

St. Conon, M. abt. 275 

Drawing a chariot with horses . CaUot. 

St. Conrad, B. C. 976 

Chalice with spider over it . . Lib. Cronicarum. 

Burgmaier, 
Giving the asperges, attended by 

angels Bavaria Pia. 

Casting out devils . • Callot. 

Delivering a possessed man . . Das Passional. 

St. Conrad of Placenza, C. 1351 

Small birds fluttering about him . Ikonographie. 
With cross, and birds upon it . Menologium S** Fran- 

cisci. 

St. Conyn, C. 

Knight in armour with a shield, 
Or, 9 torteaux, 3, 3, 3 . . Qhent — Cathed. — crypt. 

St. Corbinian, B. C. 730 

Bear forced by him to carry his 
baggage, for having devoured his 
sumpter mule .... Bilder Legende. 

Ikonographie. 

St. Corentinus, B. C. 
Striking a rock : water gushing out Weyen. 

St. Cornelia, V. M. 
Dove flying to her : cross in her arm Tableau de la Croix. 



42 SA1NT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Cornelius, P. M. 250 

Horn Cologne — St. Mary's. 

Horn of unction and tall cross Wilhelm. 

Horn and triple cross . . . Cossey Hall Chapel — 

window. 
M.S. Hours. 
Holding a sword .... Ikonographie. 
Horn mounted on a stand, with foot. 

St. Corona, M. 2nd cent. 

Hand 8 and feet fastened to four trees Callot. 
Torn asunder between two trees Collection of Old Engra- 

vings. 

St. Coronatus, M. 
Lance in his hand . . . Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 

SS. Cosmas and Damian, MM. 290 

Holding vases .... National Oal. — Meister 

von Liesborn. 
Holding caskets . . . . Add. MS. B. Museum. 
Holding vases and darts . . Callot. 
In the Roman toga : one holding an 

ointment pot .... Borne — S. Lorenzo- 
statues. 
Hung on a beam, and torn with hooks Der Heyligen Leben. 
With medical apparatus, or surgical 

instruments in their hands Ikonographie. 

Rod of Esculapius . . . Die Attribute. 
Each holding an arrow . . . Weyen. 

St. Crescentius, C. 396 

Sick about him .... Ikonographie. 

SS. Crispin and Crispinian, MM. 

280 

Tied to a tree and flayed alive Das Passional. 

Two shoemakers at work . . CaUot. 



SHUTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 43 

SS. Crispin and Crispinian (continued). 

Strips cut from a hide . Die Attribute. 

Shoemakers' tools near them Ikonographie. 

Instructing shoemakers in their shop Queflur. 

St. Cuxegumdes, Empress. 1040 

Walking over hot ploughshares Callot. 

Walking over hot ploughshares, and 
carrying one in her hand Hans Burgmaier. 

Holding in her hand two plough- 
shares Bilder Legenle. 

Holding the same lily with St. Henry Pitti Gal. — Mancini. 

Holding model of the church of 
St. Stephen at Bamberg, or the 
Cathedral Die Attribute. 

St. Cunibert, B. C. 603 

Holding a church in his hand . Munich Gal. — Bart, de 

Brujn. 
A dove at his ear at mass . Die Heiligenbihler. 

— — on his head . . Cologne — his Church. 

St. Cuthbert, B. C. 687 

Bearing the head of St. Oswald . Durham Cathedral — old 

statue. 
Seal of Edwd. Bigge, 
Archdeacon of Lindis- 
fame. 
MS. Life of St. Cuth- 
bert, in possession of 
Sir Wm. Lawson, Bart. 

Devils disturbing him at his prayers Lives of Saints — F. Porter. 

Pillars of light above him . Die Attribute. 

Swans by his side . . • Ikonographie. 

Otters serving him . . . Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 

St Cyprian, M. 304 

Burning his books of magic . Callot. 



/ 



44 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Cyprian (continued). 

Gridiron and sword . . . Die Attribute. 
Burnt in a pan with St. Justina . Old Engraving. 

St. Cyr, or Quiricus, M. 304 

Dashed against the steps of the 
judge's tribunal by the judge him- 
self Callot. 

Der Heyligen Leben. 

Mounted on a wild boar. 

St. Cyriacus, M. 284 

Tied to a stake : hot pitch poured on 

his head Callot. 

Der Heyligen Leben. 
Collecting money in a dish for poor 

pilgrims Liessiee — Church of the 

Benedictines. 
ColumncB milit. Eccl. 
Palm in his hand : holding the devil 

by a chain .... Bonn — Cathedral. 

Dragon, or devil under him, or 

chained near him . . . Die Attribute. 
Crown near a girl, freed by him from 
the devil Ditto. 

St. Cyril of Alexandria, B. C. 444 

The Blessed Virgin Mary appearing 
to him Callot. 

St. Cyril, B. C. 820 

Bulgarian converts about him Ikonographie. 

St. Cyril, C. 1224 

Angel handing him two silver tablets 
out of a cloud .... Die Attribute. 

St. Cyrilla, V. M . 
Holding fire in her hand Weyen. 



8AINT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 4ft 

St. Damasus, P. C. 884 

Holding a ring .... Weyen. 

St. David, B. C. abt. 544 

Preaching on a hill : dove on his 

shoulder C allot. 

St. Davinus, C. 1051 

Bearing a cross on his shoulder . Ikonographie. 
Vine growing on his grave . Die Attribute. 

St. Delphinus, B. C. 880 

Holding a church . Weyen. 

St. Demetrius, M. 290 

Holding a lance and arrow . Ikonographie. 

Devil appearing to him in prison, as 
a scorpion Ieones Sanctorum. 

St. Demetrius of Spoleto, C. 
Golden rays round his head . Die Attribute. 

St. Denis, see Dionysius. 

St. Deocharus, Abbot. 

Tomb opened, and exhaling a sweet 
odour Bavaria Pia. 

St. Deodatus, B. C. 679 

Healing a woman possessed . Ikonographie. 
Beaching his hand towards thunder 
cloud 8 Die Attribute. 

St. Desiderius of Vienne, B. M. 

612 

Strangled Callot. 

Hope in his hand .... Ikonographie. 



46 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Didacus, C. 1463 

A cross in his hand . . Die Attribute. 

brought by an angel . Hueberus. 

Cross on his shoulders: tunic full 
of roses Louvre — Murillo. 

Angels attending to his work of cook- 
ing, while the saint is in ecstacy Jameson. 

St. Didymus, M. 304 

Crucified and flesh torn . ' . Ihonographie. 
Treading on serpents . . . Die Attribute. 

St. Dionysiu8, or Denis, B. M. 272 

Carrying his head mitred in his 
hands . Arbor Pastoralis. 

Tableau de la Croix. 

in one hand . Grafton Regis— roodscreen, 

Carrying a head bare and tonsured, • 

his own head on, and wearing a 

mitre Hempstead Ch.— formerly 

on roodsereen. 
Head bare, carrying another head 

bare Bristol— St. Mark's— E. 

window. 
Carrying his head mitred, on a book Esslingen — Ch. of St. Cath. 

Primer, 1516. 
Flos Santorum. 
Carrying his head mitred : two angels 
holding a crown above • . Rheims Cathedral— porch, 

N. transept. 
Carrying his mitre with top part of 
his head in it: lower part of his 
head on his shoulders bleeding B. Museum — Isabella 

Breviary. 
Tied to a tree in form of a cross, 
mitre on his head : two mallets 

on the ground .... Paris — S. Denis — S. aisle, 

nave. 



SAJHTA WITH THX1B EMBLEMS. 47 

St. Dioscorus, M. 
Burning torches applied to his sides Callot. 

m 

St. Dismas, the Good Thief. 
A tall cross by' his side Die Attribute. 

St. Dominic, C. 1221 

lily in his hand : star over his head Pitti Oal. — B. Angelieo. 
Lily in his hand : star on his head Alexis Baldovinetti. 
lily in his hand : star on his breast Sienna — Public Gal. 
lily in his hand : star on his fore- 
head Vienna Oal. — D. Feti. 

lily in his hand : dog firing a globe 

with a torch .... Tableau de la Croix . 
lily in one hand : monastery in the 

other . . Missale — Pradicatorum — 

Venice, 1504. 
lily and book .... Buffalmacoo. 
Lily, cross and rosary . . . Chorographia Sacra Bra- 

bantia. 

in right : statue of B. V. Mary 

on a book in left . . Lavabo dish, Cossey Hall 

Chapel; formerly be- 
longing to the Domini- 
can College at Born- 
heim. 
Rosaries in his hand : star on his 

forehead Vienna Oal. — Caravaggio. 

Black and white dog firing a globe, 

&c Arbor Pastoralis. 

Tall staff with crucifix : dog firing 

the globe Lucas v. Ley den. 

Curing a wounded youth . . Angelieo de Fiesolo. 
Receiving the keys from St. Peter Rome — Sd Maria sopra 

Minerva— fresco. 
Holding a scroll with these words : 
" Timete Deum, quia veniet hora 
judicii ejus. 1 ' Juan de Joanes. 



48 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Dominic (continued). 

Receiving commission to preach from 

SS. Peter and Paul . . . Nicoolo Pisano. 
Walking with a Bishop over thorns Oueffier. 
A sparrow near him . . Ikonographie. 

Kneeling before B. V. M. who is 

attended by two virgins Der Heyligen Leben. 

Sword in his hand : books burning Angelko. 

Bologna — L. Spada — 
fresco. 

St. Dominic Loricatus, G. 1060 

Scourging himself in the cold: his 
coat of mail lying on the ground Solitudo. 

St. Domnolus of Mans, B. C. 566 
Holding the plan of a monastery Oueffier. 

St. Donatian, B. M. 118 

Sword and lance . . . Ikonographie. 

St. Donatilla, M. 
Burnt on a gridiron . . . CaUot. 

St. Donatus, B. M. 350 

Holding a sword .... Ikonographie. 
Wheel set round with lights . Ghent Cathedral — crypt. 
Tree struck by lightning behind him Die Attribute, 
Freein g a poisoned well from a dragon Der Heyligen Leben. 
In armour — holding crosier: well 

near him Ketteringham Church — 

window. 
Beading in a cave . . . CaUot. 

On horseback, raising his crosier at 

a dragon, or monster 

St. Donatus, B. C. 9th cent. 

Irish wolf dog at his feet . Fiesoli — Cathed.— picture 

over hit altar. 



8AINT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEM8. 49 

St. Dorotheus of Tyre, B M. 

3rd cent 

Beaten to death with a club . Vatican Lib. — Illumina- 

tion from an old Greek 
Menohgy. 

A scourge in his hand . Ikonographie. 

St. Dorothy, V. M. 3rd cent 

Fruit and flowers JV. Elmham — roodscreen. 

Basket of fruit: angel bringing her 

fruit Darmstadt Gal. — Carlo 

Dolce. 
Tableau de la Croix. 
Basket of flowers in left hand : one 

flower in right .... Meister Cristoph. 
Basket of fruit, and a book . . Bhfield — roodscreen. 

Yaxley — roodscreen. 
Basket of flowers : bunch in her 

hand WesthaU — roodscreen. 

Roses in her lap : bouquet of roses in 

her hand Siena — old picture. 

Tall bunch of flowers . . Trimmingham — roodscreen. 

Basket of fruit and a palm . Walpole St. Peter — rood- 

screen. 
A child in purple, barefoot, bringing 

her in a basket three apples and 

three roses .... Primer, 1516. 

Tied to a stake, burning torch applied 

to her side .... CaUot. 

St. Drugo, or Druon, Recluse. 

1186 

Keeping sheep .... Die Attribute. 

St. Dubritius, B. C. 6th cent. 

Holding in his left hand two crosiers 
and an archi episcopal cross . Oxford Ashm. Musm., 

Dug dale. G. Il.fol. 15. 



50 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEM8. 

St. Dunstan, B. C. 988 

Seizing the devil with pineers . Oxford — Bodleian — wind. 

Ot. Plumsteadr— formerly 
on the roodscreen. 

Kneeling prostrate at the feet of our 
Saviour ... . . Painted by himself, and 

preserved in the Bod- 
leian, Oxford. 
See Oervas. Act. Pontif. 
Cantuar, in Hist. Angl. 
Script, x. 1. Col. 1647. 

Dove hovering near him . . B. Museum — A Saxon 

M.S. Claudius, A. III. 

Dove at his ear, at the altar . . Old Engraving. 

Troop of angels before him . • Ikonographie. 

Voice from a crucifix . . . Lives of Saints — F. Porter. 

Playing on a harp. 

St. Dympna, V. M. 7th cent. 

Beheaded by the king her father CaUot. 

Sword in her hand, piercing the 
devil Old Engraving. 

Leading the devil bound . . Die Attribute. 

Kneeling at Mass : her father murder- 
ing the priest .... Solitudo. 

St. Eanswede, V. Abbess. 7th cent. 

Two fishes on a half hoop . Folkestone — Corpor. Seal. 

Crown, crosier, and book : a fish on 
each side of her . . . Seal of Mayoralty at 

Folkestone. 

St. Ecian, or Echenus, B. C. 577 
Plough drawn by stags . . Ikonographie. 

St. Edelbubge, V. Abbess. 625 

Bearing the instruments of the 
Passion CaUot. 



8AIVT8 WITH THBUt EMBLEMS. 



61 



St. Edesius, M. 

His legs and feet wrapped in oiled 
linen and burning . Gueffier. 



St. Editha, V. 

A nun with royal insignia 
Washing the feet of the poor. 

St. Edmund, K M. 
Pierced with arrows 



984 



Ikonographie. 



870 



Arrow in his hand 



On one knee, offering a quiver of 
arrows to Heaven 

Arrow and globe .... 
Arrow and sceptre 



Two arrows and sceptre 

Arrow and cords .... 
Wolf guarding his body 
Bound to a tree and shot with arrows 
Bear seated before him 

St. Edmund, B. C. 1242 

Making a vow before an image of B. 
Virgin • 



N. Waltham — roodtcnen. 
Diptych — Early English, 

in possession of the 

Earl of Pembroke. 
Ludham — roodsereen. 
& Latham — roodicrten and 

font. 
Hempstead— jm^til ; for' 

merly on the rood- 

tcreen. 
N. Tuddenham— Chancel 

window. 

tiaxUngham Church — E. 
window. 

Denton Church Chest. 

Barton Turf--$oreen. 

Trimmi nyham — rood- 
screen. 

Whaddon Ch.— fresco. 

Taverham—font. 

Brooke— font. 

Callot. 

Colney—font. 

Burgmaier. 



Callot. 



52 SAINT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Edmund, B. C. (continued). 

Our B. Saviour as a child appearing 

to him Callot. 

St. Thomas of Canterbury appearing 

to him Gueffier. 

St. Edwabd, K. M. 979 

In royal robes, apparently holding 

a cup Burlingham St. Andrew — 

roodscreen. 
Stabbed on horseback . Callot. 

Lives of Saints — F. Porter. 
Between two men with swords, one 

stabbing him in the shoulder . Old Engraving, 
Dagger and cup in his hand . Die Attribute. 

Dagger and sceptre. 

Dagger and falcon . . . Trimmingham— rood- 
screen. 
Short sword .... Denton Church Chest. 

Short sword .... Norwich — St. James* 

Church— font. 
Norwich — All Saints* 
Church— font. 
Cup and serpent .... Burgmaier. 

St. Edwabd, K. Confessor. 1066 

Sceptre in right hand, holding up a 
ring in his left .... Ludham — roodscreen. 

Denton Church Chest. 

The same Stalham — roodscreen and 

font. 
The same, and purse hanging from 
his right arm .... Burlingham St. Andrew — 

roodscreen 
Sceptre, and holding up a ring Hempstead— pulpit. 

Barton Turf— screen. 
Attleborough — roodscreen. 
Eye — roodscreen. 



8AIXT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 53 

St. Edward, K. Conf. (continued). 

Holding a ring .... Diptych — Early English, 

in possession of the 
Earl of Pembroke. 

Sceptre only ... N. Tuddenham — Chancel 

window. 

Carrying a sick man Die Attribute. 

Holding St John's Gospel. 

St. Elesbaan, K. 0. 6th cent. 

King of Ethiopia gaining a miraculous 
victory I cones Sanctorum. 

St. Eleuthebius of Tournay, B. M. 

531 

Heated oven Ikonographie. 

Angel freeing him from stripes . Die Attribute. 

St. Eleuthebius, Abbot, abt. 585 

Possessed boy brought to him . Calht. 
Raising a dead boy to life . . Icones Sanctorum. 
Delivering a possessed boy by his 
prayers Oueffier. 

St. Eligius, Eloi, Alo, or Loye, 
B. C. 065 

Hammer and crosier in his hands, Potter Heigham — rood- 

screen. 
Bishop with a hammer in one hand 

and a horse's leg cut off in the 

other, with hoof shod . . Hempstead — roodscreen. 
Working as a gold or silversmith Calht. 

Bishop with chalice and hammer Molanus. 
Bishop with chalice and hammer: 

saddle near him . . . Der Heyligen Leben. 
Forging a horse shoe . . . Die Attribute. 
Anvil : hammer and crown upon it De Levens der Heylige. 



54 



SAINTS WITH THEIfi EMBLEMS. 



St. Eligios, Eloi, Alo, or Loye, 
(continued). 

Presenting a shrine to King Dagobert Florence — Belli Arti — 

Empoli. 

Standing at an anvil . . . Florence Acad. — Botti- 
celli. 

Angel bringing him gold . . Pilgrim's Token. 



St. Elizabeth. 
Holding the infant St. John 

Saluting our B. Lady 

St. Elizabeth, Widow. 

Dying in a desert: angels feeding 
her child 



Houghton-le-Dale — rood- 
screen* 
Gately — roodscreen. 



Solitudo. 



St. Elizabeth, V. Abbess. 
Trampling on a dragon 



1165 



Callot. 



St. Elizabeth of Hungary, Qu. W. 

1231 

Giving clothing to a crippled child 
Double crown in her hand . 
Double crown on a book : she giving 

alms 

Triple crown in her hand 

Three crowns 

Crowned : holding a church 

Giving alms 

Basket of bread, flagon of wine 
Receiving alms in her poverty 
Hoses, and a cripple clothed. 
Holding a basket of roses 
Hoses in her robe 



Munich Gal. — Holbein. 
M.S. Hours. 

Tableau de la Croix. 
Arbor Pastoralis. 
Molanus. 

Marbourg Cathedral- 
statue. 
Primer, 1516. 
Ikonographie. 
Callot. 

Basle — Museum. 
F. Angelico. 






As a Tim, of ait imr£ l*rosr nf 5c. 

FiaoE 
A bts^mcEr itsr 
A wai£kt sdh ±l *inr ionic.. 

Si. EusiKa. B. M. HIS 

Chassis fc3 of sums 





St. Elhzjeix. Alfeot. 
Vine in leaf in 



St. Eijim. Const. C. 1523 

Knotted cord and 113 y: coroaet at 
his feet 

St. Emzbextll, or Emebextiaxa, 
V. M. abt. 304 

Stones in her lap ... Tableau <it &t OwLr. 

Stoned to death .... CAM Emfr#ii*j % 

St. Eiceric, C. abt. 1030 

B. Virgin with Holy Infant appear- 
ing to him Bwrgwurier. 

St. Emkbita, V. M. 
Torch and sceptre . . Lib, Cronicttrum. 

St. Emilian of Treves, B. C. 
Beam near him : a sword . . Die Attribute. 

St. Emilion. 
A boar near him .... Ikonographie. 



56 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Emmeban, B. M. 653 

Wounddd in the back with a lance Die Attribute. 
Wounded with a lance, and beheaded Der Heyligen Leben. 
A ladder Die Attribute. 

St. Encratida, V. M. 4th cent. 

Tied on a wheel : breasts cut off: 
liver torn out .... Oueffier. 

St. Engelmund, C. 8th cent. 

A fountain. 

St. Ephesus, M. 4th cent. 

Kneeling unhurt in a fiery furnace Pisa Campo Santo- 
fresco by Spinello 
Aretino. 

St. Ephrem, C. D. 378 

Pillar of light before him . . Solitudo. 
Laid out for burial . . . Vatican Museum — Greek 

Painting. 

St. Epimachus, M. 250 

Holding a nail ... . • Die Attribute. 

SS. Epimachus and Alexander, 
MM. 250 

Cut with razors .... Gueffier. 

St. Epiphanids, B. C. 403 

Exorcising a woman . . . Callot. 

Old Engraving. 

St. Erasmus, B. M. 303 

Windlass in his hand : bowel wound 

round it Hempstead — roodscreen. 

Mathias Grunewald. 
Windlass, with bowel round it, at 

his feet Norwich — St. Michaels 

at Plea. 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 57 

St. Eba8Mus (continued). * 

Windlass in his band . . . Buckenham—font. 

Sandringham — window. 
Executioners winding his bowel round 

a windlass Norwich Museum — old 

marble sculpture. 
Catahgus Sanctorum. 
Der Heyligen Leben. 
His bowels wound round a windlass, 

before a statue of Hercules . Vatican — Pietro Valentini. 
Windlass, with bowel wound round it, 
in his hand .... Sculpture from the de- 
stroyed Ch. of Grim- 
menthal, Meiningen. 
Primer, 1516. 
Bowels on a gridiron . . Bonn Cathedral. 

Hung up by the hands, and torn 

with hook with three teeth . • Oaspar Crayer. 
Crown brought him by a bird, while 

in prison Oueffier. 

Hot cuirass put upon him . . Callot. 
A windlass near him . . . lhonographie. 
Melted lead poured over him . Old Etching. 
Boiling cauldron behind him . Old Engraving. 

St. Erentrude, V. Abbess. 8th cent. 

Crucifix and inflamed sacred heart 
appearing to her . . . Burgmaier. 

St. Erhard, B. M. 

Dipping his hand in a font . BUder Legende. 
An axe lhonographie. 

St. Ethelbert, K. C. 616 

Our B. Saviour appearing to him, 
with angels bearing the instruments 
of his Passion .... Burgmaier. 



56 

s,.E»»»»*' B -*'. lVia l, 

Tied on ft 
w*"" ' Btll c«*. 

1 fount""- ub eeot . 

st.e»»»'- m ; .„„ , . 



s , »* 

sri- 



58 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 



' St. Etheldbeda, Edilthbide, 
Edeltbude, or Audby, V. 679 

Crowned, with crosier and book 



Crowned, with crosier 



Crosier and crown of flowers 
Crowned, crosier and budding staff. 
Crowned — with book . 
Asleep — tree blossoming above her 

Standing before an open chest 
Book in right : lily in left . 

Devil flying before her 

St. Etto, B. C. abt. 670 

Oxen and cows about him. 



Burlingham St. Andrew 
— roodscreen. 

Ranworth — N. parclose. 

Upton, Norfolk — rood- 
screen. 

Oxburgh — roodscreen. 

Norbury Ch. 9 Derbyshire — 
window. 

Lives of Saints — F. Porter. 

Westhall — roodscreen. 
Ely Catliedral — lantern 

columns. 
Burgmaier. 
Benedictional of St, 

Ethdwold. 
Old Engraving. 



St. Eucharius, B. C. 450 

Standing over an open tomb : devil 
issuing from it . . . . Callot. 



St. Eudoxius, M. 
Entertaining soldiers, who had come 



to seize him 

St. Eugenics, M. 

Pushed into the sea 
A club . 



275 



Eventius, see St. Juventi us. 



Icojies Sanctorum. 



Callot. 
Ikonographie. 



1LASIUS, M. 

ft chest . 



2nd cent. 



Callot. 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLKMB. 



09 



St. Eulalia, V. M. 

Burnt to death 

Crucified 

Ditto over a fire 

Cross 

Dove 

Flame . 



290 



loon** Sanctorum. 

CaUot. 

Old Engraving. 

HconographU. 

Christl. KwuUymbolik. 

Die Attribute. 



SS. Eulampius and Eulampia, MM. 
Burnt together at a stake Weyen. 



Ikonographi*. 



St. Eulogius, B. M. 859 

Sword or lance .... 

St. Eunubchus, C. 
Dove on his head. 



St. Euphkmia, V. M. abt. 307 

Sword in her breast, lily in right 

hand, palm in left : lion by her 

side grasping her wrist in his 

mouth Cremona — And. Man- 

tegna. 
Burnt alive : angels hastening to her CaUot. 
A wheel near her . 
A bear .... 
Surrounded by wild beasts 
Transfixed with a sword 
In the midst of serpents 
Between two serpents. 



Jkonographie. 
Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 
Die Attribute. 
Der Hegligen Leben. 
Old Engraving. 



St. Euphrasia of Nicomedia, V. M. 
Soldier near her with a sword . Ikonographie. 

St. Euphrasia, V. 410 

Trampling on the devil . . CaUot. 
The devil throwing her into a well > Selitudo. 
A nun carrying a stone . . Gueffier. 





St. Ecthbosyha, V. 


470 


In the habit of a monk 


, . Ikotwgraphie. 


St. EuaEBiUH of Rome 


M. 170 


Speaking without hia tongue . Ikonographic. 


St. EusebiusofSamosata, B M. 37!) 


'i'ilr in his hnnd . 
Tile thrown on his head 
from a window 


Ilconograpliie. 
by a woman 

Ctdlot. 


St. EusEtra, Hermit. 


14th cent. 


Shoemaker's tools about him Ikonographie. 


St. Eostachics, M. 


119 


Stag with cross between his horns Domeniehino. 

Madrid Qal..—BreugM. 

Ilhniiinatrd PsulteT. 
Warrior, with hia two sons . Pitli Palace— N. Soggi. 
Burnt in a bull of brass OaUot. 
Blowing a bugle horn . . . Die Attribute. 


St. Eostoohium, V. 


al.it 419 


Holding a lily : veil 
fringed with gold 


n her head 

National Gallery. 


St. Eubthattus, M, 


4th cent. 


Burnt on a gridiron 


Vatican Library. 
Catalogue San avium 


Si. Eoteopia, V, M. 


5 th cent. 


Torch near her 


• . Ikonograplue. 


St. Eutbowob, B. M. 


1st cent. 


Youth taking leave of a 
his father 


naged king, 

, Sent Cathtdral — windoa. 

Old Venetian Schm-l. 



8AINT8 WITH THEIB EMBLEMS. 61 

St. Edtropius (continued). 

Youth taking leave of an aged king 

Ilis father .... Sketch in " Tableaux des 

Peintres Primitifs" 



St. Eutropitjs, B. M. 308 

Shoes of metal with nails through 

them Die Attribute. 

Green tree near him . Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 

Skull cloven with a sword . Ikonographie. 

St. Evortius, B. C. aht. 340 

Proclaimed bishop by the appearance 
of a dove Icones Sanctorum. 

St. Ewald, called the White, M. 

693 

Beaten to death with clubs . . Bart, de Bruyn, of 

Cologne. 

Exorcising a possessed woman . Ditto. 

Chalice Cologne— frescoes. 

Large club Ditto — Church tf St. 

Cunibert. 

St. Ewald, called the Black, M. 

693 

Sword and chalice . Cologne— frescoes. 

Sword and palm . Ditto — Church of St. 

Cunibert. 

The two SS. Ewalds, Brothers, 
MM. 693 

Light from heaven above them Die Attribute. 

St. Exuperantius, B. M. 4th cent. 

Carrying his head cut off in his 
hand Die HeUigenbUder. 



4$ sum* 

tkt , Y*xztzmxz%i B. C. 5fh eent. 

ftrirfiag aa Sflpergn brush . Towtomm Cm&tdrwt— 



ffoldfss; m plough* 

A dore by bis tide 

A sword Die Attribute. 

A efts b* 

Kneeling at a Mock. 

Sr, Faith, V. M, " 4th cent 

Sword and gridiron Newton — Norihants — 

brau. 
Renting one hand on an iron bed Winchester Cathedral — 

window. 
Seated, crowned, iron bed and book Norwich — St. Lawrence. 

Brau of Abbot Langley, 

now torn away. 
Bundle of rods in her hand. 

SS. Yum, Hope, and Chabity, 
W. MM. 120 

Throe children holding swords Die Attribute. 

St. Fara, V. Abbess. abt. 655 

An ear of corn .... 

St. Fausta, V. M. 2nd cent. 

In a oauldron of melted lead . Callot. 

Ikonographie. 

SS. Fausta and Evelasius, MM. 

8rd cent. 

Fausta hung up: hands and feet 
sawed off: instructing Evelasius 
in tho faith .... Oueffier. 



SAINTS WITH THEIB EMBLEMS. 68 

St. Faustus, M. 304 

Bunch of arrows .... Die Attribute. 
Defending the city of Brescia be- 
sieged Brescia — Grazio Cossale. 

SS. F austin us and Jovtta, MM. 121 
Angel saving them out of the water CaUot. 

SS. Faustinus and Simplicius, MM. 

303 

Shield bearing three lilies . . Die Attribute. 

St. Febronia, V. M. 300 

Crown and sword .... Ikonographie. 

St. Felician, B. M. 287 

Hands and feet bored through . Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 
Tongs and hook .... Die Attribute. 

St. Felicitas and her Seven Sons, 
MM. 160 

In a cauldron of boiling oil . Villa MagUana — Ra- 

phael. 
Sword with seven heads on the blade M.S. Hours. 
Beheaded with her seven sons . Der Heyligen Leben. 
Sword and seven children . . Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 

St. Felix, I., P. M. 274 

An anchor. 

St. Felix, M. 

Fastened to a bed of sea shells : 
angel bringing him a crown . CaUot. 

St. Felix of Pincis, B. M. 

School boys running iron styles into 
him, or striking him with their 
writing tablets . Dae Passional. 



<M SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

Stv FVi ix or Xouu C\ 3rd cent. 

Urokvn earthen vessel* or potsherds Die Attribute. 
In a cav* with cobweb over its 

mouth Ihmographie. 

Chained in prtaon . . . Ckristl. Kunstsymbolik. 

t\m\vhuj hi* ttishop Maximus out of 

|mWi\ * Oid Engraving. 

Sy, K*u\ or Ytunt* C. 1919 

White «tajz with cross between his 

how* Column* milit. Eecl. 

IV Trinity giving him a scapular, 

with a croaa upon the breast Die Attribute. 

Wed and blue cross on scapular and 

cloak * Ditto. 

Ihwken chain in his hand Column* milit. Eccl. 

Sitting by a fountain : stag drinking Jameson. 

St, Fkmx or Cantalioio, C. 1587 

Carrying the Holy Infant Jesus . Die Attribute. 
JcHua as a child, putting a loaf into 
his wallet .... MurUlo. 

St. Frrannan, Ab. 
Standing on a cross on the water Old Engraving. 

St. Ferdinand III., King of Castile, 
C. 1252 

Armed knight, with a greyhound Chartres Oath. — window. 

In regal attire, with cross on his 
breast Ikonograpkie. 

St. Febreolus, M. 211 

Loaded with heavy chains . . CaUot. 

His chains falling off . Ieones Sanctorum. 

Gibbet near him . . . Ikonograpkie. 

Broken chain in his hand . Die Attribute. 



SAINT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 65 

St. Ferreolus, B. M. 6th cent. 

Holding needles, and a scourge of 
chains . . . . Burgmaier* 

St. Fiacre, C. 670 

Digging in a garden . . . OaUot. 
Hermit kneeling with beads . Ikonographie. 
Spade and open book . . . Die Attribute. 
Hind at his feet. 

St. Fidelis, M. 
Beaten with rods. 

St. Fidelis of Sigmaringen, M. 

1622 

Club set with spikes . . . Ikonographie. 

A whirlbat Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 

Morning star .... Die Attribute. 

St. Firminus, B. M. 3rd cent. 

Carrying his head cut off and mitred M.S. Hours. 
His head mitred lying on the ground : 
swordnearit . Burgmaier. 

St. Flora, V. M. 851 

Holding her head cut off, and flowers 
growing out of her neck . Fosbrooke's Monachim . 

St. Florentines Vindemialis, B. C. 

5th cent. 

Killing a dragon with a cross . Die Attribute. 

St. Florentius, B. C. 675 • 

Wild game about him or coming to 

his hut Callot. 

Giving sight to a king's daughter Icones Sanctorum. 
Bear keeping sheep for him . Die Attribute. 



66 8AINT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Flobian, M. abt. 300 

Pouring water on a house or city on 

fire Monastery of St. Florian. 

BUder Legends. 
Tyrol — common there. 
Stone about his neck, thrown into 
the river Ens . . . . Die Attribute. 

St. Forgel, M. 

Chains broken miraculously, and 
himself delivered out of prison Gueffier. 

St. Fobtdnatus, N. 250 

A pair of shears .... Ikonographie. 

The Four Cbowned Brothers, 
Martyrs. 304 

Rule, square, &c, at their feet . Nuremberg — old painting. 

St. Fbakoes, Wid. 1440 

Angel by her side : basket of bread Vatican — F. Barbieri. 
Kneeling: open book: angel at her 

side in a dalmatic : basket of bread 

at her feet Turin Oal.—Ouerchino 

Angel by her side in dalmatic . Ikonographie. 
Bays from a Remonstrance to her 

heart Die Attribute. 

St. Francis of Assissium, C. 1226 

Crowned with thorns : stigmas on his 
hands, feet, and side, bearing the 
cross Stalham — roodscreen. 

Crowned with thorns : displaying the 
stigmas, by holding up his hands Hempstead — roodscreen. 

Crowned with thorns: preaching from 
a waggon : hands held up, display- 
ing stigmas .... Old Seal — " Sigillum Con- 

ventus Caritatis." 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 67 

St. Francis of Assissium (continued). 

Friar, carrying a cross . . . Turin Gal. — Procaocini. 

Globe at his feet, or trampling on it Die Attribute. 

Lily in his hand .... Ikonographie. 

Propping up the Lateran basilic . Oueffier. 

Ascending in a fiery chariot . ChrUtl. KunstsymboUk . 

Preaching to a Sultan . . Assissium — Upper Church. 

Florence — Ohirlandajo. 

Benedetto da Maiano — 
has relief. 
Preaching to the birds . Louvre — Giotto. 

Receiving our Infant Saviour from 

his Holy Mother L. Caracci. 

Receiving the sacred stigmas Die HeiligenbUder. 

Roses springing from his blood . Florence — Ghirlandajo. 

With a lamb Louvre — Giotto. 

Causing water to issue from a rock Assissium — Upper Church. 

St. Francis of Paula, C. 1508 

The word Charitas appearing to him 

in light Columns milit. Eccl. 

Calht. 

Tableau de la Croix. 
Standing on his cloak on the sea Louvre — Spanish Gallery. 

Staff, crucifix, and rosary . . Chorographia Sancta 

Brabantia. 

St. Francis Xavdbr, C. 1552 

Pilgrim's staff and beads . . Pitti Gal. — Carlo Dolce. 
Bearing a lily, and exclaiming : "Satis 

est Domine, satis est" . . Cattot. 

Dying on a mat, under a shed: 
angels bringing him a crown . Engraving prefixed to his 

Life — Dryden's Trans- 
lation. 

St. Francis Borgia, C. 1572 

Kneeling before the B. Sacrament Vienna Gal. — Artois. 



68 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Francis Solano, C. 1618 

Converted Indians around her . Ikonographie. 

St. Francis of Sales, B. C. 1622 

Sacred heart of Jesus crowned with 

thorns above him in glory . Die Attribute. 
Holding a heart in his hand. 

St. Frederick of Utrecht, B. M. 

833 

Stabbed by two assassins . . CaUot. 
Pierced with two swords . . Ikonographie. 

St. Frideswide, V. Ab. 750 

Crosier and book: ox lying near her Oxford — Magd. Coll. 

WoUey's Evangelisterium. 

St. Fridolin, Ab. 538 

Pilgrim with staff and book . . Coins of Glarus. 
Dead man rising from the grave . Burgmaier. 

St. Frigidian, B. C. 6th cent. 

As an Augustinian monk with a mitre Ikonographie. 

St. Fructuosus, B. M. 259 

Singing on his funeral pile . Die Attribute, 

St. Frumentius, B. C. 4th cent. 
Holding up the Sacred Host . Weyen. 

St. Fulgentius, B. C. 683 

Church in his hand : heretics beneath 
his feet Old Engraving. 

SS. Fusca and Maura, MM. 
Transfixed with swords . . Callot. 

St. Gabinius, M. 
In prison, with the doors open • CaUot. 



SAINTS WITH THEIB EMBLEM 8. 69 

St. Gabriel, Archangel. 

Sceptre and shield, with monogram 

of the name of Mary upon it . Southwold — roodscreen. 
Bearing a lily ... In representations of the 

Annunciation. 



St. Galaction, M. 




Tongue plucked out 


Ieones Sanctorum 


St. Galla, V. 


504 


With a long heard 


Die Attribute. 



St. Galliganus, M. 4th cent. 

Washing the feet of poor men . Old Engraving. 

St. Gallus, B. C. abt. 553 

Delivering the city of Clermont from 
the plague by his prayers . Oueffier. 

St. Gallus, Ab. C. 646 

In a cave : wild beasts running away Ieones Sanctorum. 

A bear carrying wood for him . Das Passional. 

Laying his hand on the head of a bear Weyen. 

Hermit with bread and staff . Die Attribute. 

St. Galmier, or Baldomer, C. 

abt. 650 

Pincers, or locksmith's tools . Die Attribute. 

St. Gamaliel, C. 1st cent. 

Appearing to Lucian, who is asleep C allot. 

St. Gatian, B. C. 3rd cent. 

Sowing seed .... Weyen. 

In a cave with his people . . Oueffier. 

St. Gaudentius of Rimini, B. M. 
Administering the Holy Communion. 



70 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Gebhabd, B. C. 995 

Staff, with which he cured a lame 
man Jkonographie. 

B. Virgin and Holy Infant appearing 
to him Burgmaier. 

St. Geminianus, B. C. abt. 450 

Receiving a model of a church from 
an angel, and about to present it 
to our Saviour .... Dresden Gallery. 

Correggio. 
Louvre — Guercino. 
Holding a model of a church . Roman Ducats of Leo X. 

and Clement VII. 
Ditto in his right hand, staff with ball 

at top in his left . . . Coins o/D'Este. 
Holding mirror before his breast in 

which is reflected the B. V, Mary Die Attribute. 
Devil cast out, standing near him ChristL Kunstsymbolik. 

St. Genesius, M. 280 

Baptized on the stage : angels by him CaUot. 
Playing a violin on the stage . Ditto. 
Player holding a sword . . Ikonographie. 

St. Genevieve, V. 530 

Shepherdess spinning . . . Guerin. 
Spinning with distaff . . . Formerly in a window 

in Martliam Churchy 
Norfolk. 
Holding a candle : devil on her 

shoulder with a pair of bellows Paris — Gothic sculpture. 
The same, but with keys hung on 

her arm Tableau de la Croix. 

Holding a candle, which an angel 
Jights, and devil tries to extin- 
guish CaUot. 

Heures per Jean CaUot, 
1522. 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 71. 

St. Genevieve (continued). 

Keys in one hand, burning candle 

and palm in the other . Bilder Legende. 

Angel lighting candle in her hand Hora B. V. M. 1508, 

Simon Vostre. 
Devil at her feet, with pair of bellows Die A ttribute. 
Restoring sight to her mother . Paris — Ch. of St. Gervais. 
A medal hung from her neck . Cochet — Le Tombeau de 

Childeric. 

St. Genevieve of Brabant, Duchess. 
In a cave, a hind near her Ikonograpkie. 

St. Gengulph, M. 760 

A fountain , C allot. 

A shield with a cross . . . Ditto. 

Lance or javelin .... Die Attribute. 

A spit Ditto. 

Sword in his hand : well before him Burgmaier. 

St. Georoe, M. 3rd cent. 

White banner, with red cross . M abuse. 

Standing in armour, piercing a dragon 
with a spear, having a cross and 
banner at the top . . Hempstead — roodscreen. 

Standing, with cross on his armour 
and shield, striking a dragon with 
his sword Banworth — N. Parclose. 

The same, but with spear cross- 
topped Filby — roodscreen. 

In armour : dragon by his side . Arbor Pastor alis. 

On horseback : dragon below . Tableau de la Croix. 

On horseback : tilting at a dragon Missale Sarisb. 

Idol of Apollo falling before him Oueffier. 

St. Gerard, Abbot. 959 

St. Peter consecrating his church in 
the night Ieones Sanctorum. 



72 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Gerard of Monza, C. 1207 

Forked stick bearing a bunch of ripe 

cherries in his hand : at his feet a 

wooden bowl and spoon . Acta Sanctorum. 

Saying Mass Calht. 

St. Gebasimus, Abbot. 475 

Lion carrying a basket in his mouth Ikonographie. 

St. Gereon, M. 297 

Thrown into a well . . . Icones Sanctorum. 
Warrior in armour with sword . Ikonographie. 
Ditto with spear, shield, and palm Old Convent Seal. 

St. Gerhard, B. M. 1046 
A lance Die Attribute. 

St. Gerlach, Hermit. 1170 

Living in a hollow tree . Ikonographie. 

A thorn in his foot . . . Die Heiligenbilder. 
An ass near him .... Die Attribute. 

St. Germanicus, M. 166 

In an amphitheatre : lion fawning 
upon him .... CaUot. 

St. Germ an us of Auxerre, £. G. 

448 

Dragon with seven heads led bound 

by him M.S. Hours. 

As a hunter Ikonographie. 

An ass lying before him . . Der Heyligen Leben. 
Wild beasts killed about him . Die Attribute. 

St. Germanus of Paris, B. C. 576 

St. Peter appearing to him at his 

bedside with the keys . . CaUot. 
Lying in his bed . . • Die Attribute. 

Extinguishing fire by his prayers Ikonographie. 



SAINTS WITH THE IB EMBLEMS. 73 

St. Germanus of Granfkl, Ab. M. 

abt. 666. 

Carrying a lance .... Burgmaier. 

St. Gebtbude, V. Abbess. 1292 

Seven rings on right hand: heart 
with figure of our Saviour in left Revue de VArt Chretien. 

St. Gebtbude of Nivelle, V. 664 

Kneeling by the sea, holding a lily CaUot. 

Mice or rats about her . . Chorographia Sacra Bra- 

bantia. 
Spinning : and mice running up and 

down the distaff . . . Primer ; 1516. 
Two mice at her feet, demon at her 

side De Levene der Heylige. 

Mice and dormice about her . Motanus. 
Fiery tongues over her head . Bilder Legende. • 
As a princess .... Die Attribute. 

Celestial crown brought her by an 

angel Ditto. 

With a loaf. 

SS. Gebvase and Protase, MM. 

2nd cent. 

One with a scourge loaded with lead : 
the other with a sword . Callot. 

St. Giles, Abbot. End of 7th cent. 

Hind lying at his feet . . Lessingham — roodscreen. 

Hempstead— pulpit ; for- 
merly on the roodscreen. 
Taverham—font. 
Hind resting her feet on his knee : the 
other knee wounded with an arrow Gt. Plumstead Ch.— for- 
merly on the roodscreen. 
Hind wounded, leaping up to him Norwich Cathed.—font. 

Der Heyligen Leben. 



74 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Giles (continued). 

Shot with an arrow: hind lying by 

him Catalogue Sanctorum. 

CaUot. 
Seated: arrow in his breast: hind 

resting her feet on his knees . M.S. Hours. 
Standing with a book in his right 

hand: his left wounded with an 

arrow, in the act of protecting a 

hind leaping up to him . . B. Museum — Albert Durer. 
Hind leaping up to him: its hinder 

foot on the staff of his crosier . Sandringham Oh. — glass. 
Imposing his hands over King Charles 

Martel Molanus. 

B.Giles of St. Omers, Ghent, O.P. 

Looking at his brother s grave and 

tombstone Woodchester — Lib. 88m. 

Belgii 0. P. 

St. Gislerius, C. 

A bishop and a king holding up a 
model of a church between them M.S. Hours. 

St. Goar, B. C. 
His mitre supported in the air . Ioones Sanctorum. 



St. Goar, C. 575 

Three hinds near him 
A hat suspended on a sunbeam 
An earthen vessel or jug 
Devil upon his shoulder 
Making an infant speak 
Devil upon his shoulder: earthen 
vessel in his hand . . . Reginald Scot— Disc. 

on Devils and Spirits. 



Ikonographie. 

Ditto. 

Die Attribute. 

Ditto. 

Gueffier. 



. SAINTS WITH THSOt EMBLEMS. 75 

St. Godelieve, V. M. 1050 

Hope round her neck, or in her hand lkonographie. 
Strangled with a handkerchief . Bruges — Academy. 

St. Godfrey of Amiens, B. C. 1118 

Serving the sick .... Callot. 
A dog lying dead near him . . Gueffier. 
Embracing a poor man . Weyen. 

St. Godfrey of Cappenbebg,C. 1127 

Loaves on a dish in his hand Ikonographie. 

Church in his hand . . . Die Attribute, 

St. GoEBic,or Goery,B.C. 3rd cent. 

His eyes before him 
Angel displaying his eyes on a cloth 
to him ..... Burgtnaier. 

St. Gonzales de Amarante, C. 1400 
Poor beggar at his feet . . Flos Santorum. 

St. Gothard, B. C. 1038 . 

Standing before a bishop . . Der Heyligen Leben. 
His cloak hung on a sunbeam. 

St. Grata, Wid. 300 

Carrying the head of St. Alexander, 
M Bergamo — Santa Grata. 

St. Gregory Thaumaturgus, B. C. 

270 

Driving devils out of a heathen 
temple CaUot. 

St. Gregory of Spoleto, M. 304 
Called to heaven by an angel . Icones Sanctorum. 



76 8AI5TS WITH THEIR 

St. Gregory Xaziaxzex.B. CD. 3S9 

Reading: WhJom and Chastity ap- 
pearing before him CaBoL 

St. Gregory of Lassies, B. C. 

abt.540 

Angel opening the church door for 
him at midnight Gueflur. 

St. Gregory or Tours, B. G. 596 
A fish in his hand, or near him Gmeffur. 

St.GregorttheGbkat,P.C.D. 604 

Tall cross and hook Ludham — roodscreen. 

Double barred cross . . Tmnstead — roodscreen. 

East Button — roodscreen. 
Double cross : writing on a scroll on 
a lettern : dove at his ear . . Uoughton-U-Dale — rood- 
screen. 
Triple cross and tiara . Lessingham — roodscreen. 

Eagle before him . Liber Cromcarum. 

Our Saviour appearing to him at 

Mass Rome — Chapel of St. 

Gregory — Sculpture. 
Missale ad usum Sarum. 
Dove at his ear .... Bologna Gallery. 

Heydon Ch. — window. 
Dove hovering over his shoulder Guercino. 

Saying Mass : our B. Saviour appear- 
ing to him scourged, supported by 

two angels with scourge and rod Heures par I. CaUot, 

1522. 
Heures par Ph. Pigou- 
chet, 1488. 
Ditto with instruments of his Passion Lambrecht. 
Chained to a rock . . Die Attribute. 

Our Saviour and our B. Lady appear- 
ing to him , Die HeiligenbUder. 



SAINTS WITH THEIB EMBLEMS. 77 

St. Gregory III., P. C. 741 

Statues of the Emperors thrown down 
by an earthquake : holy images set 
up by his orders . . . Icones Sanctorum. 

St. Gregory of Nicopolis, B. C. 

11th cent. . 

On horseback : a boy sitting behind 
him Die Attribute. 

St. Gregory, Hermit 1243 

Iron ring round his body • . Die Attribute. 

St. Gualfard, Hermit 1127 

Stone coffin by him • . -• Ikonographie. 

St. Gudelia, V. M. 
Skin of her head taken off . . Icones Sanctorum. 

St. Gudula, V. 712 

Lantern, which the devil tries to put 

out Munich Gal. — Jan. 

Schoreel. 
Holding a lantern . Walpole St. Peter — rood- 

screen. 
Angel lighting her lantern, driving 

away the devil ..../. Furich. 
Angel lighting her lantern : devil 
trying to blow it out with bellows Chorographia Sacra Bra- 

bantia. 
Holding a twisted taper: devil blow- 
ing at it with bellows . • Burgmaier. 
A stone pillar .... Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 
Weaving at a loom. 

B. Guinandus, O. P. 

Cask of wine at his feet . . Woodchester — Liber SS. 

Belgii 0. P. 



78 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Gummabus, C. 774 

Obtaining water from a rock . Icones Sanctorum. 

St. Gumtramnus, or Guntban, K.C. 

6th cent. 

Finding a great treasure, and giving 
it to the poor .... Callot. 

Three chests of treasure open before 
him : globe and cross on one of 
them Burgmaier. 

St. Guthlake, Hermit. 714 

Putting devils to flight . . Lives of Saints — F. Porter. 

Devils molesting : angel consoling 

him Solitudo. 

A scourge in his hand. 

Whip in his hand : serpent at his feet Croyland Abbey — sculp. 

St. Haniel, Angel. 
Sceptre of a reed : crown of thorns Die Attribute. 

St. Hedwioes, or Avoioe, W. 1243 

Church and statue of B. V. in her 

hands . . . . Lib. Cronicarum. 

Washing the feet of the poor Callot. 

Cross in her hand . Arbor PastoraUs. 

Barefooted : shoes in her hand . Ikonographie. 
Carrying a picture of B. V. with 

Infant Jesus .... Ditto. 
Christ crucified blessing her . Die Attribute. 
Crown and mantle of princess near 

her : she in a religious habit . Ditto. 

St. Helen, Empress. 328 

Crowned : bearing a large cross . Stratton Strawless — 

Nave — window. 
Eye — roodsoreen. 
Crowned : embracing a large cross Colchester Seal 



8AIKT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 79 

St. Helen (continued). 

Bearing a small cross . . Ranworth — S. Par dose. 

A double barred, or Jerusalem cross A yUKam— -private posses- 
sion: formerly in St. 
James', Norwich. 
Holding a nail over a cup : hammer 

below Coestvelt Gal. — Domeni- 

chino. 
Cross in her hand . Simon Memmi. 

Lorenzo CamaldoUse. 
II Giottino. 
Church of Jerusalem in her hand Die Attribute. 

St. Henry, Emperor. 1024 

Holding a lily with St. Cunegundes Pitti Gal. — Mancini. 

Holding a globe, with dove upon it Burgmaier. 

Church and palm : devils in the air C allot. 
Asleep: St. Wolfgang appearing to 

him Der Heyligen Leben. 

Church and sword . Bart de Bruijn. 

Cathedral of Bamberg . . . I. v. Melem. 

St. Henrt, Anchoret. 1127 

Pilgrims praying round his tomb Bavaria Pia. 

B. Henry a Calstris, O. P. 
B. Virgin appearing : angel present- 
ing him a pyx .... Woodchester — Lib. SSm. 

Belgii 0. P. 

St. Herculanus, M. 

Temple of Apollo falling at his look Icones Sanctorum. 
Benedictin, wearing a mitre . Ikonographie. 

St. Heribert, B. C. 1022 

Obtaining rain by his prayers . Die Attribute. 
St. Henry Emp. kneeling before him Old Engraving. 



80 8aint8 with their emblems. 

St. Herman Joseph, 0. 1226 

Our Saviour with an axe appearing Ihonographie. 
Presenting an apple to a picture of 

B. V. M Cologne — Church of St. 

Mary of the Capitol — 
marble sculpture. 
Presented to our B. Lady by an angel Vienna Gal. — Vandyek. 
Pen, red cross, and rosebud in his 

right hand : two rings in his left : . 

before him colours, painting brush, 

inkstand, and penknife . . Quentin Matty s. 
Ink horn, pen-case, and writing 

book Die Attribute. 

St. Hebmenegild, M. 586 

King bearing an axe . . . Die Attribute. 
Beheaded in prison . . . Burgmaier. 

St. Hermes, M. abt. 132 

On horseback: casting the devil out of 
a woman, led by a man with a rope M.S. Hours. 

Devil issuing from the mouth of a 
child Ditto. 

St. Heydrop, B. C. 
Three cruets on a book . . Ghent Cathed. — crypt. 

St. Hidulphus, B. C. 707 

Exorcising a boy .... Ihonographie. 

St. Hilarion, Abbot. 371 

Mounted on an ass: driving away 

the devil with the sign of the cross Pisa — Campo Santo. 
Clothed in skins .... Ihonographie. 
Pile of wood, or funeral pile Die Attribute. 

Holding an hour-glass . Weyen. 



SAINTS WITH THEIB EMBLEMS. 81 

St. Hilary of Poitiers, B. C. 868 

On an island among serpents . CaUot, 
Bishop with three books. 
Child in a cradle at his feet. 

St. Hilary of Arles, B. C. 449 

Consecrating a virgin to God : dove 

at his ear CaUot. 

Driving away serpents . Ikonographie. 

Dove over his head . . Gueffier. 

St. Hildegardis, V. Abbess. 1179 
Angel driving away evil spirits . Weyen. 

St. Hildegundes, V. 1188 

Pilgrim to the Holy Land, in man's 

clothing Ikonographie. 

An angel on horseback attending her Die Attribute. 

St. Hilloniu8, see Tillo. 

St. Hiltrudis, V. 

Lamp and book : crown of roses Liessies — Ch. of Benedie- 

tins. 

St. Hippolytus, alias Eppalets, 
Hippolite8, or Pallets, M. 255 

In armour: bearing a palm . Alessandro Bonvicino. 

Bearing a lance .... Home — St. Laurence with- 
out the walls. 
Holding a sieve .... Ditto. 
Fastened to a tree, and torn with 

hooks Der Heyligm Leben, 

Dragged and torn by horses . Bruges Cathedral. 

Two keys, as a gaoler . . . Die Attribute. 

St. Holofius, see Olaus. 



82 



SAINTS WITH THEIB EMBLEM 8. 



St. Homobonus, 0. 1197 

Distributing money and food : flasks 
of wine near him . Venice — Pal. Reale — 

Bonifazio. 
Angels making garments for him looms Sanctorum. 

St. Honoratus, B. G. 485 

Mitre and crosier brought him on an 

island CaUot. 

Preaching in a pulpit . % •. Gueffier. 
Commanding water to flow from a 

rock. Columna milit. Eocl. 



St. Hongrius, B. C. 
A baker's peel or shovel. 

St. Hormisdas, G. 

A camel near him 
Keeping camels . 



653 



abt. 420 



• • 



Weyen. 
Gueffier. 



St. Hubert, B.C. 727 

Stag on a book .... 
Stag on a book : crucifix between its 
horns 

Stag with crucifix between its horns 
The game : bounding before a hunter 
kneeling 



Coins of Duchy of JuUers. 

Munich Gal. — WUhelm 

von Koln. 
CaUot. 



Stag, book, and crosier 
Book and hunting horn 

Angel bringing him a stole . 



M.S. Hours. 
Albert Durer. 
National Gallery. 
Common in French and 

Flemish Churches. 
French Miniature in the 

Heures <S Anne de Bre- 
. tagne, 1500. 
Burgmaier. 
Lambrecht. 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 83 

St. Hugh of Grenoble, B. C. 1132 

Raising a man to life who had been 

executed Old Engraving. 

Dream of seven stars . . Calht. 

Oxford — St. Mary's 
Tower. 
Swan at his feet, with its bill near 

his hand Munich Gal. — J. W. Van 

Assen. 
Boisseree Gal. — L. Van 
Leyden. 
Three flowers in his hand • . Ikonographie. 

Mitre Die Attribute. 

Angel protecting him from lightning Die HeUigenbilder. 
A lantern. 

St. Hugh of Lincoln, M. 1255 

Child nailed upon a cross . . Jameson. 
Child standing with palm and cross Ditto. 

St. Humbeline, V. Abbess. 1141 

Standing behind her brother St. 

Bernard Lichfield Cathedral — 

Choir window, N. side, 

St. Humbert, C. 680 

Angel marking a cross on his forehead Die Attribute. 

A star on his forehead . . Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 

A bear Ditto. 

St. Hunna. 
Piece of linen in her hand Ikonographie. 

St. Huvar, or Hervjeus, Abbot. 

6th cent. 

Blind Die Attribute. 

Frogs near him .... Ikonographie. 



84 SAINTS WITH THEIB SMBLSM8. 

St. Hyacinth, C. 1267 

Sailing on the sea on his cloak . Die Attribute. 
Oaring the bite of a scorpion Malosso of Cremona, 

Restoring a drowned youth to life Bologna — Brizzio. 

Blaise, 
Ciboriom, and image of B. V. Mary Ikonographie. 
Grossing the Dniester with Ciborium 

and image of B. V. Mary Louvre — Leandro Bassano, 

B. Virgin with Holy Infant appearing 

to him . . . . . L. Caracci. 

St. Ida, or Itta, W. 790 

Filling a tomb with food for the poor Oueffier. 

Stag with flames at his horns Die Attribute* 

Raven with a ring in its mouth . Ikonographie. 

Dove over her head . . Burgmaier. 

Carrying a church . . Old Engraving. 

St. Ignatius, B. M. 108 

Standing between two lions . Arbor Pastoralis. 

In chains Die Attribute. 

Exposed to lions .... Ditto. 

Monogram of the Holy name of 
Jesus on his heart, after his mar- 
tyrdom ..... Ditto. 

Holding a heart with | t^fl S Molanus. 

Holding a fiery globe . . Sandringham Church. 

St. Ignatius of Loyola, C. 1556 

Monogram I H 8 on his breast, or 
within rays in his hand . . Ikonographie. 

Resting his hand on the Book of his 
Constitutions : and I H 8 above in 
light Warwick Castle — Rubens. 

St. Ildefonsus, B. C. 667 

White cope, or vestments, brought 
to him by the B. V. Mary Vienna Oal. — Rubens. 

Madrid Gal. — MuriUo. 



8AINT8 WITH THEIB EMBLEMS. 



85 



St. Illidius, B. C. 
About to raise the dead to life 

. St. Ingenuinus, B. C. 

Driven along by soldiers into exile 



Weyen. 



Bavaria Pia. 



St. Innocent, P. 
Angel bringing him a crown 

St. Iphioenia, V. 
Baptized by St. Matthew 

St. Ieene, V. M. 

Idols at her feet . 
Horse near her 
Holding a sword . 

St. Isaac, M. 
Angel leading him 

St. Ischirion, M. 
Stake thrust into his bowels 

St. Itisbeege, V. 
Holding a serpent 

St. Ivan, Hermit. 
A horse near him 



417 

Weyen, 

CaUot. 



1st cent. 



851 



250 



Ikonographie. 
Die Attribute. 
Ditto. 



Old Engraving. 



910 



Oueffier. 



Old Engraving. 



Die Attribute. 



St. James the Greater, Apostle. 
Pilgrim with staff 



Tunstead — roodsereen. 
Lessingham — roodsereen. 
Tableau de la Croix. 
Wontead — roodsereen, 
Edingthorpe — roodsereen. 
Blofidd — roodsereen. 
N. Tuddenham — Chancel 
window. 
Staff and wallet, with shell upon it Ringland — roodsereen. 



Staff and shell 

Staff, shell, hat, and wallet 



96 



SAINTS WITH THEIB EMBLXM8. 



St. James the Greateb, 
(continued). 

As a child, with staff and wallet 
Staff and book 
Holding a shell . 



On a white charger, conquering the 



Saracens 
A sword 



Houghton-le-Dale — rood- 
screen. 

Ranworih — roodsereen. 

Giovanni Santi. 

Belaugh — roodsereen. 

Trunch — roodsereen. 

Stalham—font. 

N. Walsham — 8. Pardose 
screen. 

St. Albans — Delamere 
brass. 

Carreno de Miranda. 
Molanus. 



St. James the Less, Apostle. 
A fuller's club in his hand . 



Belaugh — roodsereen. 

Ranworih — roodsereen. 

Lessingham — roodsereen. 

Blqfield — roodsereen. 

Worstead — roodsereen. 

Ringland — roodsereen. 

Tunstead — roodsereen. 

Taverhamr—font. 

Stalham—font. 

L. van Leyden. 

Primer, 1516. 

Heures tres Devotes, 1622. 
As a child: with a toy mill in his 

Ranworih — 8. Par close 
screen. 

Houghton-U-Dale — rood- 
screen. 
His brains beaten out with a fuller 8 

club Ber Heyligen Leben. 

A saw in his hand . . MeWury Bubb — West 

window. 



hand .... 

As a child : with a palm branch 



SAINTS WITH THEIB EMBLEM 8. B7 

St. James Intebcisus, M. 421 

Sawed in pieces .... Catalogue 8anetorum. 
Feet and hands chopped off Das Passional. 

St. James of Tabantaise, B. C. 
A bear drawing a plough . Ikonographie. 

St. James, Monk. 

Holding the instruments of our 

Saviour's Passion • Weyen. 

St. Jambs of Mabchia, C. 1476 

Cup with a serpent by it . Die Attribute. 

St. Jane of Valois, see Joanna. 

St. Jane Frances, Wid. 1641 

Holding a heart. 

St. Januabius, B. M. 305 

Tied to a tree .... ChrisU. KunstsyniboUk. 
Heated oven by his side . . Die HeiligenbUder. 
Surrounded by wild beasts . Ikonographie. 

Vials with his blood, on the Book of 
the Gospels .... Church in Spain. 

Revue de VArt Chretien. 
Praying in the midst of flames Weyen. 

Lighting a fire. 

St. Jehudiel, Archangel. 

Golden crown in right hand : scourge 
of three black cords in left Faber's "B. Sacrament 1 ' 

St. Jebom, G. D. 420 

Cardinal's hat, or robes, or both . Lessvngham — roodscreen. 

East Ruston — roodscreen. 
The same, with ink horn, scroll, cross, 
staff, and lion at his feet Houghton-le-Dale — rood- 

screen. 



88 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Jerom (continued). 

Cardinal's hat on : lion leaping up to 

National Gallery. 
Tunsteadr-^roodscreen. 
Cawston — roodscreen. 



him . 
Lion at his side 



Carrying an ink bottle 
Ink bottle on his knee . 

Carrying a church 

Beating his breast with a stone 



Pietro Perugino. 
Morston — roodscreen. 
Cossey HaU Chapel — 

carved stall. 
Venice Acad. — Ant. 

Vivarini. 
Dominic Ohirlandajo. 
Vasari. 
Raphael. 
Bibera. 



A stone in his hand 
Trumpet sounding in his ear 
Crucifix-headed staff: lion at his feet Massaccio. 
Extracting a thorn from a lion's foot Naples — Coll. Antonio 

da Fiore. 
Venice Collection of his 
Works. 
Writing: two angels by him: hour 

glass, &c Pitti Palace — Denis 

Calvart. 
Reproved in a vision, by the word : 
" Ciceronianus es" Domenichino — Ch. of S. 

Onofrio. 
Holding a skull .... Turin Gal. — B. Lanini. 
Kneeling on thorns : or wearing a 

garment woven with thorns . Die Attribute. 
A stone lying near him. 
Cardinal's hat at his feet. 

St. Jerom Emtlian, C. 1551 

Chain and ball near him . lhonographie. 

Delivering a possessed child : chain 

in his hand : B. V. Mary with Holy 

Infant appearing to him . Columna milit. Eccl. 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 89 

St. Jebon, C. 
Hooded falcon on his hand . Die Attribute. 

St. Joachim, C. Father of B. V. 
Mary. 

Meeting St. Ann at the Golden Gate 
of Jerusalem .... Coney Hall Chapel — 

window. 
Missale Sarisb. 1534. 
M.S. Hours. 
Leading the B. V. M. as a child . Ikoiwgraphie. 
Basket with doves : and a staft . Die Attribute. 

ST.JoANNA,(St.Luke,viiL3; xxiv.10.) 

Ointment box .... Die Attribute. 
Lamb near her : cross in her arms Ikonographie. 
Carrying a pitcher in a basket Molanus. 

St. Joanna, Joan, or Jane of Valois, 
Queen. 1505 

Crowned : habit of the Annunciation : 
crucifix and rosary . . . Liessies — Ch. of Bene- 
dict™ 8. 
The same: holding our Infant Saviour 
by the hand, who has a basket on 

his arm Tableau de la Croix. 

Cup of wine : basket of bread . AyUham — private posses- 
sion ; formerly in St. 
James 1 , Norwich. 
Upton — roodsoreen 
"White veil on her head : covered vase 
in her right hand : three loaves in 

her left Barnham Broom — rood- 
screen. 

B. Joanna de Urbe Veteri, V. 

Lily, discipline, and rosary . Orvieto—Ch. of St. 

Dominic. 

h 2 



90 



8A1NT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 



St. Jodoc, or Jossb, Hermit. 668 

Two oratories : saint kneeling before 
one ...... Solitudo. 

Crown at his feet .... Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 

Spring of water: where he strikes 
with his staff .... Das Pastoral. 

Pilgrim with crucifix staff Burgmaier. 

Pilgrim reading .... Cologne — St. Mary's. 



St. John the Baptist. 

Lamb on a book, small cross, close 
crown or cap; tunic of camel's 
hair; cope fastened with two leather 
thongs crossed 



Lamb on a book . 
Lamb and cross on a book 

Lamb and cross 

Lamb .... 



Lamb's trotter 
Lamb and locust . 
His head on a dish. 



Ranworth — N. Parclose 

screen. 
Worstead — S. Aisle screen. 
Burlingham St. Andrew — 

roodscreen. 
A ttleborough — roodscreen. 
Kimberley — Chancel E. 

window. 
Pitti Palace — Soggi. 
Tableau de la Croix. 



St. John, Ap. and Evangelist. 

Cup with serpent issuing from it Worstead — roodscreen. 

Ranworth — roodscreen. 
As a child, with palm, cup, and 
serpent Houghton-le-Dale — rood- 
screen. 
Sword, with serpent twined round 

it Triptych, lately in the 

Northwich Gallery, 
School of Giotto. 
The same, and a palm branch . N. Walsham — roodscreen. 

Ringland — roodscreen. 
Trunch — roodscreen. 



8AINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 91 

St. John, Ap. and Evangelist 
(continued). 

The same, and an eagle below . East Button — roodscreen. 
Palm branch alone Stalham—Jont 

Palm branch, scroll, and eagle . Exeter Cathed. — statue. 
Eagle upon a barrel, or cauldron Oxborough — roodscreen. 

Eagle before him, or above his head Bologna Acad. — Perugino. 
Mounted on an eagle . . . Marseilles — Baphael. 
Stepping into a grave . . . Greek Menology — 

Vatican M88. 
Writing his apocalypse, in the Isle of 

Patmos ..... Lucas v. Ley den. 
Ditto : devil upsetting his ink bottle M.S. Hours. 
As an old man in Mass vestments, 

lifted up to heaven by ouijB. Saviour, 

out of his grave at the foot of the 

altar at Ephesus . . National Gallery. 

St. John, M. abt. 284 

Tearing a paper off a temple CaUot. 

St. John Chrysostom, B. C. D. 407 

Chalice and Book of Gospels Rubens. 

Beehive Ikonographie. 

An angel by him .... Die Attribute. 

St. John Calybite, Recluse. 450 

A beggar discovering himself to his 
parents, on his death-bed . . C allot. 

St. John the Silent, B. C. 559 

Finger upon his mouth . . Die Attribute. 

Luminous cross appearing . . Gueffier. 

St John of Janina, C. 
Chains and sword . . Ikonographie. 

St. John of Rheims, C. 570 

Holding a dragon in a chain . Die Attribute. 



92 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. John Thaumaturgus, B. C. 
Driving the devil out of people Die Attribute. 

St. John of Goto, M. 
A lance in his hand Ikonographie. 

St. John Climactjs, Abbot 606 
A ladder Die Attribute. 

St John the Almoner, B. G. 616 

Wallet in his hand . . Ikonographie. 

Loaf and rosary. 
Giving alms to a cripple. 

St. John of Beverley, B. C. 721 
Shrine at his side . • . Arbor Pastomlis. 

St. John Damascen, C. 780 

Holding a vase .... Arbor PastoraUs. 
B. V. Mary appearing to him in his 

sleep Callot. 

Carrying a basket . . Ikonographie. 

— — several baskets . Blaise. 

Holding his hand cut off . Ikonographie. 
B. V. Mary restoring his hand : he 

holding an axe in the other . Old Engraving. 

St. John Gualbert, Abbot. 1078 

Clothing his monks at Vallumbrosa Vol. of Offices — See Dxb- 

din's Decameron, I. p. 
85. 
Standing on the devil : cross and T 

staff, set on the devil's head Missale ValUs TJmbrosa. 

Image from a crucifix, bending for- 
wards to him .... Callot. 

Cotumna milit. Eccl. 
Picture of our B. Saviour in his hand Die Attribute. 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 93 

St. John of Matheba, Ab. 1139 
Driving away the devil with a wand Columna milit. Eccl. 

St. John Oldbatus, G. 1159 

Angel giving him a purse of money Columna milti. Ecd. 

St. John of Ubtica, C. 1163 

Nettles in his hand Die Attribute. 

St. John of Matha, G. 1213 

B. Trinity giving him a scapular, 

with a cross upon his breast Die Attribute. 

Broken chain in his hand Ikonographie. 

Fettered slaves near him Ditto. 

St. John Nepomucen, M. 1383 

Standing on a bridge . . Prague — on the Bridge. 

Bridge and river near him . Die Attribute. 

Padlock and finger on his lips In Bohemia and Austria — 

of frequent occurrence. 
Hearing the confession of the Empress: 
stars round his head . . Turin Gal. — Daniele 

Crespi. 
Thrown off a bridge. 

St. John Cahstran, C. 1456 

Pointing to a crucifix, which he holds Lib. Cronicarum. 
Banner in his hand . . Die Attribute. 

Bed cross upon his breast . . Ditto. 

St. John of God, C. 1550 

Alms chest hung up Die Attribute. 

Carrying bread in a wallet . . Ditto. 

Grown of thorns on his head . Ikonographie. 

Two cups hung round his neck . Ditto. 

St. John of the Cross, G. 1591 
Picture of B. V. Mary in his hand Die Attribute. 



94 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. John of the Gross (continued). 

Carmelite : large cross on his 
shoulders Revue de VArt Chretien. 

B. John Aoni, 0. P. 

Walking on the sea . . . Woodcheeter — Lib. 88. 

Belgii 0. P. 

B. John Sterlinus, O. P. 
Choir of angels playing to him . Ditto. 

St. Isidore of Madrid, C 1170 

Angel ploughing for him with white 

oxen, as he prays before a cross Bilder Legende. 
A hoe, or rake in his hand . . Pitti Gal. — Simon de 

Pesaro. 

St. Jonas, Barachisius, &c., MM. 

327 

Under a screw press . . Cdttot. 

St. Jophiel, Angel. 

Flaming sword: driving Adam and 
Eve out of Paradise Die Attribute. 

St. Josaphat, B. M. 
An axe fixed in his hand Die Attribute. 

St. Joseph, Spouse of the Blessed 
V. Mary. 

Bearing a rod, with flowers at top Pitti Gal. — Guerehino. 
The same, but lilies at the top . Florence — Ch. of 8a. 

Maria. 
Novella— freseo, by 
Ghirlandajo. 
Bearing a lily .... Ikonographie. 
Carpenter's square, or tools . Ditto. 

Carrying or leading the Holy Infant Die HeUigenbUder. 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 



95 



St. Joseph, or Joses Babsabas, the 
Just, B. C. 

Holding a cup of poison • . CaUot. 

Holding a cup or bowl, as a child Eanwortk — S. Pardon 

9CT66TI. 

Child, holding three stones or loaves Houghton-U-Dale — rood- 
screen. 

St. Joseph of Abimathea, C. 
Box of ointment, and budding staff. 

St. Joseph Calasancttjis, G. 1648 

Holding a lily: mitre and cardinal's 
hat before him : B. V. and Holy 



Infant appearing 

St. Jude, or Thaddeus, Apostle. 
A boat in his hand 



Column® milit. Eoel. 



A child, with boat in his hand 
Ditto 



A boathook 



A carpenter's square 



A fuller's bat, in his hand 

A ship with sails, in his hand 

Carrying loaves, or fish 

A club 



N. WaUham — S. Par close. 

Ringland — roodscreen. 

Lessingham — roodscreen. 

Belaugh — roodscreen. 

Worstead — roodscreen. 

Swafield — roodscreen. 

Tunstead — roodscreen. 

Ranworth — roodscreen. 

Houghton-le-Dale — rood- 
screen. 

Lives of Saints — Ed. 
Kinesman. 

Weston LongueviUe— rood- 
screen. 

Tableau de la Croix. 

Aylsham — roodscreen. 

Stalhatn — font. 

Blofield — roodscreen. 

Fairford Church. 

Lynn, St. Margaret's — 
brass. 



96 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 



St. Jude, or Thaddeus (continued). 

A club Melbury Bubb — window. 

Carrying an inverted cross . . Ikonographie. 
Medallion of our Saviour, on his 

breast, or in his hand . . Die Attribute. 
A halbert. 



St. Julia, V M. 
Hanged on a cross 

St. Julian, C. 
Old man winding off yarn 



6th cent. 



CdUot. 



Engraving. 



St. Julian of Cilioia, M. 3rd cent. 
Led bound on a dromedary . . C allot . 

St. Julian of Anoyba, M. 
Bed hot helmet placed on his head Ikonographie. 

St. Julian of Mans, B. M. 3rd cent. 

Dragon driven away by him . Die Attribute. 

A fountain Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 

Temple of Jupiter overthrown . Ikonographie. 

Banner and palm .... Die Attribute, 



St. Julian of Emesa, M. 
A nail in his head 



312 



Ikonographie. 



St. Julian Hospitatob, Hermit. 

Oth cent. 

A stag near him .... Ikonographie. 
Ferrying people over a river . Die Attribute. 
Beceiving a young leper, as he lands 

from a boat .... Pitti Gal.— Christ. AUori. 
A hawk. 

A boatman in a barge. 
An oar. 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLBM8. 97 

SS. Julian and Basilissa, MM. 813 

Angel pointing out their names in the 

Book of Life .... Oueffier. 

St. Juliana, V. M. End of 3rd cent. 

Dragon held in a chain . N. Elmham — roodscreen. 

Scourging the devil, held by a rope 

round his neck .... Hempstead— -pulpit 
Holding the devil in chains Arms of SantiMana. 

Mariham Ck. — window. 

Wighton Ch. — window. 
In a cauldron over a fire . . Old Engraving* 
The same, before a judge . . CalloU 

B. Juliana, V. Abbess. 1258 

Holding a Remonstrance . Vies des Stes. Femmes. 

St. Juliana Falconieri, V. 1340 

Sacred Host on her heart » . Florence Academy. 
Praying before the B. Sacrament Old Engraving, 

St. Julitta, V. M. 304 

Oxen near h«r .... Ikonograpkie. 
Fountain springing from her blood Die Attribute. 

St. Julius, M. abt. 302 

Encouraged to martyrdom by 
Hesychius .... CaUot. 

SS. Justa and Rufina, W. MM. 

304 

Destroying an image of Venus . Icones Sanctorum. 
Kneeling : palms in their hands : 

earthen vessels near them . MuriUo. 
One carrying two vessels . . F. Zurbaran. 

St. Justin, M. 167 

Presenting his apology to the Emperor C allot. 



98 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Justina, V. M. 304 

Palm : unicorn at her feet Vienna — Bondicino. 

Vanquishing the devil by the cross Die Attribute. 
Lily in her hand : setting a cross on 

the head of the devil . Callot. 

Sword in her breast: palm in her 

hand B. Montagna. 

Burnt with St. Cyprian over the fire Old Engraving. 

St. Justus, M. 304 

Scourged with his brother St. Pastor CaUot. 

Drowned, with lead to his neck . Ikonographie. 

Swords held by him and St. Pastor Die Attribute. 

Prints of their knees in a stone Ditto. 

St. Jutta, W. 1264 

Nun holding a red hot tripod . Ikonographie. 

St. Juvenal, B. M. 376 

Sword between his teeth . . Christl. Kunsteymbolik. 

St. Juventius, or Eventius, B. C. 

381 

His torturers killing each other in a 

violent tempest . I cones Sanctorum. 

Standing before shrine of SS. Gervase 

and Protase .... Oueffier. 

St. Kenelm, E. M. 820 

King holding a lily . . . Arbor Pastoralis. 

St. Kentigebn, or Mungho, B. C. 

601 
Holding a salmon, with a ring in its 
gills Acta Sanctorum. 

St. Kessag, see Mackessooe. 



8AINT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 99 

St. Kilian, B. M. 688 

Sword and crosier . . . Coins of Wurtzburg. 
Holding a cross : s word under his feet Bilder Legends. 
Dagger and sword . . Die Attribute. 
Martyred by sword and spear . Der Heyligen Leben. 
two swords . Lambreoht. 

St. Ladislas, K. G. 1095 

King rearing an ensign before his 

army OaUot. 

Defended by two angels . Queffier. 

St. Lambert, B. M. 709 

Stabbed with javelins . . OaUot. 

Refusing a cup at the table of Pepin Icones Sanctorum. 

Abruptly leaving ditto . . Queffier. 

Praying before a church : city on fire Bavaria Pia. 

Beaten with a club . . . Der Heyligen Leben. 

A lance, or dart .... Die Attribute. 
Bringing hot coals in his surplice 

for the thurible .... Qhent — Oh. of St. Bavo, 

St. Landelin, Ab. 0. 686 

Dying in sackcloth and ashes : devil 
carrying his former companion to 
hell Old Engraving. 

St. Landry, B. C. abt. 660 

Open razor on a book . . . Burgmaier. 

St. Laurence, M. 258 

Deacon, holding a gridiron : . Oaudentio Ferrari. 

Wor stead — iV*. Aisle screen. 
Ludham — roodscreen. 
Hempstead — roodscreen. 
Banworth — S. Parclose. 
N. Tuddenham—Nave — 
S. window. 



100 SAINTS WITH THE IB EMBLEMS. 

St. Laurence (continued). 

Gridiron and book Xettlestead Ch. — window. 

Extended on a gridiron Norwich — St. Lawrences 

Church. 
Palm and crucifix .... National Gallery. 
Palm : hot gridiron near him Jkonographie. 

Deacon with thurible : standing on a 

gridiron Vioarini. 

Church and book : long staff, tipped 

with a cross .... Rome — in his Ch. outside 

the Walls — mosaic. 
Distributing money : bag of it in his 

hand F. Angelico. 

St. Laurence of Canterbury, B. C. 

619 

Shewing to King Edbald the stripes 
inflicted on him by St. Peter Lives of Saints — F. Porter. 

St. Laurence of Dublin, B. C. 1180 

Light over the church of Eu, where 
he was buried .... Gueffier. 

St. Laurence Justinian, B. C. 1455 

Distributing holy vessels of the church 
during a famine . Venice — Ilprete Genovese. 

St. Lazarus, B. G. 
Sailing to Marseilles . Weyen. 

St. Lazarus of Constantinople, C. 

9th cent. 

His hands burnt, but still painting 
pictures for churches . . Zonaras. 

St. Leander, B. C. 596 

B. Virgin and Holy Infant appearing 
to him Old Engraving. 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. , 

St. Leger, see Leodegarius. 

St. Leo the Great, P. G. 461 

SS. Peter and Paul menacing Attila Callot. 
On horseback: Attila and soldiers 

kneeling before him . Der Heyligen Leben. 

Praying at the tomb of St Peter Oueffier. 



101 



St. Leo IX., P. C. 1054 

Visiting the sick .... 

St. Leocadia, V. M. 300 

Appearing to St. Ildefonsus . 

Praying in prison . 

Tower and sword .... 

St. Leodegarius, or Leger, B.M. 

678 

His eyes plucked out . 

Ditto, tongue in his hand 

A bodkin or pickaxe in his hand . 

A bodkin in his hand 



Burgmaier. 



Spanish Pictures. 

CaUot. 

Die Attribute. 



Callot. 

I cones Sanctorum. 

Revue deVArt Chretien. 

Ikonographie. 

Weyen. 



A hook with two prongs in his hand Coins of Lucerne. 

St. Leonard, C. 520 

Ox lying near him . . Die Attribute. 

Releasing prisoners from the stocks Catalogus Sanctorum. 

Burgmaier. 
Chains, or manacles with a lock 



Chains and crosier 

Broken fetters, with a lock 
In a cave : chains near him 
Fetters in his hand 



Taverham— -font. 
Gressenhatt — roodscreen. 
Westhall — roodscreen. 
Norwich Cathed.—font. 
Liber Cronicarum. 
Icones Sanctorum. 
Hempstead — roodscreen. 
Sparham — window. 
Rome — Ch. Tre Fontane — 
fresco. 



102 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS, 

St. Leonard (continued). 

Fetters in bis hand . . . Vienna Gal. — And. del 

Sarto. 

Chain and fetter-lock . . . Primer, 1516. 

Manacles and book . . M.S. Hours. 

Sandringham — window. 

Abbot, holding fetters . . Attleborougk, private pos- 

session : formerly an 
the roodsoreen in St. 
John's Madder-Market, 
Norwich. 

Youth mounting a ladder : the saint 
holding him by a chain . . Das Passional. 

A vane in his hand . . . Camden's Britannia. 

St. Leopold IV., Margrave of 
Austria, C. 1136 

Carrying a church . . . Bilder Legende. 

Burgmaier. 
Church and banner . . . Coins of Carinthia. 
In armour : rosary in his hand . Vienna Gallery. 

St. Leu, see Lupus. 

St. Libobius, B. C. abt. 397 

Small stones upon a book . . Christl. KunstsymboUk. 
A peacock Ditto. 

B. Lidwina, V. 1433 

Beceiving a lily from an angel . Old Engraving. 

St. Livin, B. M. 633 or 656 

Holding his own tongue in pincers Glient Cathedral — on an 

old cope. 
De Levens der Heylige. 
Holding pincers alone . . . Die Attribute. 



SAINTS WITH THEIB EMBLEMS. 108 

St. Longintjs, M. 

Soldier with a spear . . . Mantua — And. Mantegna. 

Rome — St. Peter's — statue 
by Lor. Bernini. 
Spear in one hand : pointing to his 
eye with the other . . . Norwich — St. Peter's Man- 
croft — E. window. 
Dragon at his feet . • . Ikonographie. 

St. Louis, K. C. 1270 

Holding a crown of thorns, and a 
cross Stalham—font. 

Three nails in his right hand : stan- 
dard of the cross in his left . C allot. 

Crown of thorns in his hand, encir- 
cling three nails : and holding two 
sceptres Tableau de la Croix. 

Dove over his head : lilies of France Foxley—roodscreen. 

Crown of thorns : nails and sword Madrid Oal.—Claudio 

Coello. 

Cross in right hand : cloth or veil in 
left Gately — roodscreen. 

On horseback, in armour : shield and 
standard bearing fleurs de lys . Chartres Cathed. — window. 

Crowned, bearing a sceptre with a 
lily, and giving alms . . Flos Santorum. 

Pilgrim's staff .... Die Attribute. 

Cross upon his sleeve . . . Die Heiligenbilder. 

Entertaining poor at his table . Burgmaier. 

Ditto, and washing their feet . Der Hegligen Leben. 

Shrine and sceptre. 

St. Locjis of Toulouse, B. C. 1297 

Friar holding a chasuble : beggar 

kneeling before him . . . C allot. 
Washing the feet of the poor . I cones Sanctorum, 



104 8aint8 with their emblems. 

St. Louis of Toulouse 
(continued). 

Franciscan Bishop in cope with fleurs 
de lys : crown at his feet . . Turin Oal. — Macrino 

UAUadio. 
Louvre — Cosmo RoseUi. 
Three crowns at his feet Ikonographie, 

Holding a flower .... Weyen. 
Holding a board with the letters 
I N R I Burgmaier. 

St. Lucanus, M. 
Holding his head cut off . . Weyen. 

St. Lucian of Antioch, B. M. 812 

Consecrating on his own breast, lying 
on potsherds in prison . . Die Attribute. 

St. Lucius, K. C. 190 

Three sceptres, tipped with crosses Lib. Cronicarum. 

Coins of Coire. 
Idol falling from a broken column Burgmaier. 

St. Lucy, V. M. 304 

Eyes in a dish .... Rome — Colonna Palace — 

Titian — Campidoglio — 
N. Consoni. 
Bologna — Vitalis. 
Eyes on a book .... Eye, Suffolk — roodscreen. 

Die Attribute. 
Presenting her eyes on a dish to the 
B. V. Mary : dagger in her hand Turin Oal. — O. A. Razzi. 

Peintres Primitifs—P. 
Laurati. 
Cup and palm branch . M.S. Eg. 1070 — B. 

Museum. 
Holding a lamp .... Carotto. 

Venice — Seb. del Piombo. 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 



105 



St. Luot (continued). 

Sword through her neck . . Liber Cronicarum. 
Sword through her neck: standing 

in fire Lambrecht. 

Sword held in both her hands . Winchester Cathedral. 
Wound in her neck, and poinard in 



her hand 



In a cauldron, over a fire 

Two oxen unable to drag her along 

Holding three crowns . 

Tormented by devils. ^ 

Pair of pincers. 



Siena Acad. — Angelico da 

Fiesole. 
Die Attribute. 
Das Passional, 
Weyen. 



St. Ludgeb, B. C. 

Saying his Breviary 

A swan . 

A church in his hand 



809 



Ikonographie. 
Die Attribute. 
Ditto. 



St. Ludmilla, V. M. 927 

A veil in her hand 
Strangled with her veil 

St. Luke, Evangelist. 

An ox lying near him . 
Painting a portrait of B. V. Mary 



Die Attribute. 
Nuremberg — Ch. of St. 
Laurence — bos relief. 



Holding a picture of B. V. Mary 
Painting materials about him 
As a physician 



East Ruston — roodscreen. 
Borne — Acad, of St. 
Luke. 

Munich — J. v. Eyck. 
Aguado Gal. — F. Rizi. 
Primer , 1516. 
Die Attribute. 
Ikonographie. 
Molanus. 



St. Lupus of Sens, B. C. abt. 623 

A diamond falling into his chalice at 
Mass Callot. 



106 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Lupus of Sens (continued). 

At the altar, giving the diamond to 

King Clotaire .... Der Heyligen Leben. 
A cup in his hand, containing a 

diamond fallen from heaven . Ikonographie. 
Extinguishing a fire by his prayers Gueffier. 
A hind. 

St. Lutoabdis, V. Abbess. 1246 

Cistercian nun, blind . . . Ikonographie. 
Arm of a crucifix extended towards 

her Old Engraving. 

Our Saviour with the wound in his 

side Gueffier. 

St. Macabius of Alexandria, 
Hermit. 304 

A lamp, or lantern near him Ikonographie. 

Flies stinging him in the desert . Das Passional. 
Driving away the devil with a cross Columns milit. Eccl. 

St. Macabius of Rome, Hermit. 

Two lions digging his grave . Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 

In a lion's den • Tbosch der Eremyten. 

St. Macabius of Antioch, B. C. 

His mitre and crosier on the ground : 
he having resigned his bishopric Gueffier. 

SS. Macedonius and Thbodulus, 
MM. 

Burnt on a gridiron . Cattot. 

St. Machutu8, Maolon, or Malo, 
B. G. abt. 680 

Child at his feet .... Old Sarum Missal 

Ghent Oathed. — crypt. 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 107 

St. Macba, V. M. 303 

Pincers or shears for cutting off her 
breasts Ikonographie. 

St. Macbina, Recluse. abt. 500 
Two stags near her . . Die Attribute. 

St. Madelbebte, V. Abbess, abt. 705 
Devil tempting her at her prayers Burgmaier. 

St. Magloire, B. G. abt. 575 

Giving the H. Communion to an 
angel Weyen. 

St. Magnus, B. C. 
Building churches . . Catalogue Sanctorum. 

St. Magnus, M. 666 

Crosier: reptiles and monsters at 

his feet Bavaria Pia. 

Coins of Kemp ten. 

Martyred by sword and club Der Heyligen Leben. 

Blind man restored to sight Die Attribute. 

Surrounded by serpents and wild 
beasts Ikonographie. 

Boy keeping sheep . . . Die Heiligenbilder. 

Angel giving him gold . . . Ditto. 

St. Mackessoge, or Kessoge, B, C. 

560 
Arrows and bent bow . . . Acta Sanctorum. 

St. Malachy, B. C. 1148 

Presenting an apple to a king, and 

thereby restoring him to sight Icones Sanctorum. 

Instructing a king in a cell . . Gueffier. 

St. Mamas, M. abt. 275 

Wild beast licking him . . Icones Sanctorum. 



108 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Mamebtinto, C. 5th cent. 

Exhorting monks, lying on a mat in 
his cell before his death . . Der Heyligen Leben. 

St. Mammebtus, B. C. 477 

Walking in procession with a lighted 

taper Old Engraving. 

St. Mang, C. 7th cent. 

Under a crab tree, ordering a bear 
not to touch the best crabs . Der Heyligen Leben. 

St. Manuel, B. M. 
Sword across his breast . . Arbor Pas tor alls. 

St. Mansuetus, B. C. abt. 90 

Raising a young nobleman to life Bavaria Pia. 
Bishop preaching to people . C allot. 

SS. Mabana and Cyba. 

In mantles and oaputia: chains on 

their shoulders .... Tbosch der Eremyten. 

St. Mabcellus, P. M. 309 

Kneeling in a stable . . . Calht. 

Ass and crib near him . . Ikonographie. 

St. Mabcellus, M, 

Buried alive Icones Sanctorum. 

Overturning a statue of Jupiter . Weyen. 

St. Mabcellus, B. C. 4th cent. 

Leading a dragon by his stole round 

its neck Gueffier. 

Kinesman. 

St. Mabciana, V. M. 3rd cent. 

Torn by a wild bull . . CaUot. 

Leopards and lions around her . lkonographie. 
A Jeopard and an ox near her . Die Attribute, 



SAINTS WITH THEIB EMBLEMS. 100 

St. Margaret, V. M. 4th cent. 

Piercing a dragon N. Walsham — roodserem. 

FUby — roodscrem. 

Lessingkam — roodsereen. 

Taverham—font. 
Piercing a dragon with a long cross WesthaU — roodscrem. 
Ditto, and trampling upon him . Lynn — Corporation Seal, 
Dragon behind : lamb before her Arbor Pastor alls. 
Dragon at her feet : cross and palm Tableau de la Croix. 
Dragon near her: angel protecting her Bring ton Ch.—pew. 
Rising out of a dragon : end of her 

robe in his mouth . . . M.S. Hours. 
Dragon chained, at her feet . Ihonographie. 

St. Margaret of Cortona, V. 1297 

In an ecstacy : two angels supporting 

her: our Saviour appearing in glory Pitti Gal. — Lanfranc. 
Cross and instruments of the Passion Ikonographie. 
Franciscan nun, with a little dog 

at her feet Pitti Palace. 

St. Margaret, Queen of Scotland. 

1093 

Holding a black cross . . . Bonn Cathedral. 
Holding a black cross, and visiting 

the sick Callot. 

Sceptre and book .... Seal of Prior of Plus- 

cardine. 

B. Margaret of Casteixo, V. 

lily and heart .... Perugia — Ch. of St. 

Dominic. 

B. Margaret of Hungary, V. 1271 

Stigmas, cross, lily, book: crown at 

her feet Perugia — Ch. of St. 

Dominic. 



110 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Marian, M. 

Hung up by his thumbs, with weights 
to his feet Callot. 

St. Marina, V. 8th cent. 

In a monk's habit, carrying a child Louvre — Sp. Gal. 
Nursing a child in a hermitage . Die Attribute. 
Drawing a wood cart to a monastery Ditto. 
Kneeling before an open tomb : dove 
descending to her . Der Heyligm Leben. 

St. Marinus, C. 4th cent. 

Mason's hammer and tools . Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 

Two oxen near him . Das Passional. 

St. Marius, M. 240 

Hung up by his hands : weight at 
his feet Old Engraving. 

St. Maris, Hermit. 555 

A cock near him .... Ikonographie. 

St. Mark, Evangelist. 

Lion by his side .... East Ruston — roodscreen. 
Seated : a fig tree behind him . Venice — A. Busati. 
Strangled Catalogus Sanctorum. 

Lambrecht. 

Primer, 1516. 
Dragged by the neck . . . Der Heyligm Leben. 

St. Mark, Hermit. 400 

Angel bringing him the Blessed 

Sacrament in a spoon . . Die HeiligenbUder. 
Wolf bringing him a ram's skin . Die Attribute. 

St. Martha, V. 

Holding a ladle : keys at her girdle B. Museum — Isabella 

Breviary 



SAINTS WITH THEIB EMBLEMS. Ill 

St. Martha (continued). 

Vanquishing a dragon with a crucifix Der Heyligen Leben. 
Binding a dragon with her girdle Catalogus Sanctorum. 

Holy water vessel and asperges: 
dragon at her feet . . Annibale Caracci. 

Tableau de la Oroix. 

Molanus. 

Flos Santorum. 

St. Mabtha, M. 340 

Her hands chopped off Old Engraving. 

St. Mabtial, B. C. 3rd cent 

St. Valeria bringing him her head 

cut off, while he is saying Mass, 

and then dying at his feet Vatican — Spadarino. 

Dead raised to life . Der Heyligen Leben. 

Extinguishing a fire with his crosier CaUot. 

St. Martin, B. G. 402 

On horseback, in a white cloak, which 
he divides with a poor man . Windsor — Van Dyeh. 

Molanus. 

Golden Legends — Caxton. 
Lib. Cronicarum. 
Tableau de la Croix. 

St. Martin, P. M. 655 

Seen through the bars of a prison Weyen. 
Holding a piece of money . Coins of Cleves. 

Raising to life a dead child . . Vienna Gal. — Lazzaro 

Baldi. 
Church and crosier: three geese at 
his feet Shrewsbury — St. Mary's 

Ch. — window. 
A goose by his side . French sculpture, and 

stained glass. 



112 SAINTS WITH THEIB EMBLEH8. 

St. Mabtin (continued). 

In episcopal vestments : open book Gt. Plumstead— formerly 

on the roodsereen. 
In episcopal vestments only Aylsham— private pottee- 

gUm; formerly in St. 

Jame$\ Norwich. 
Saying Mass : deacon ministering : 
ball of fire above his head Paris — Louvre — Emtaehe 

Le Sesseur. 

St. Mabtin, Hermit. 
Chained to a rock . . . IkonograpMe. 

St. Mabtina, V. M. 255 

Her face torn with iron hooks . Old Engraving. 
Barbed fork with two prongs, and an 

axe near her .... Rome — P. da Cortona. 
Lightning destroying a temple of 

Diana IkonograpMe. 

Funeral pile extinguished by rain Die Attribute. 
A pair of tongs .... Ditto. 

St. Mabtinianus, C. 1st cent. 

SS. Peter and Paul striking a rock 
for water to baptize him . . Die Attribute. 

St. Mabtinianus, Hermit, abt. 400 

A dolphin ChrUtl. Kumteymbolik. 

Standing on a rock in the sea . IkonograpMe. 

SS. Martinian and Satubian, MM. 

5th cent. 

Dragged by wild horses . Gueffier. 

Martyrs, the Five Crowned. 303 
Tools of sculptors and masons . Molanus. 



8AIHTB WITH THXIft EMBLEMS. 118 

THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY. 

The usual representations of the 
Blessed Virgin are well known: 
but the following emblems are 
given as of rare occurrence. 
Carrying two fishes on a dish: a 
pitcher of water in her other hand Hildesheim—Ch. of St. 

Oodard — choir — carv- 
ing. 
Bearing a globe with. cross: seraph 
on either side .... Trieste and Venice — 

mosaics. 
Bearing a bunch of keys . . Poitiers — statue. 

St. Mary Magdalen, Penitent. 

A box of ointment in her hand . Oxborough — roodscreen 

Lessvnyham — roodscreen. 
Ludham — roodscreen. 
N. Walsham — roodscreen. 
Bramfield — roodscreen. 
Yaxley — roodscreen. 
Tableau de la Croix. 
Holding a vase .... Annibale Caracci. 
Holding a boat and an open book Denton— -Church chest. 
Preaching to King Rene, at Marseilles Motel de Cluny. 
Holding crucifix : open book before 

her with a skull upon it . . Ouido Reni. 
Skull in her hand, or at her feet Louvre — Murillo. 

Angels taking her up to heaven . Der Heyligen Leben. 
Standing covered with her flowing 

hair Florence — Baptistery. 

Statue by DonateUo. 
Standing at the entrance of a cave : 
ointment box on a book at her feet Bologna Gal. — Timoteo 

dellaVite. 
Receiving the H. Communion from 
St. Maximin .... Coney Hall Chapel — 

window over the atiax. 



114 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEM. 

St. Mart of James : called also of 
Cleophas. 

Seated, with her four sons as children 
about her, who bear the following 
emblems : — 
St. Jude— a boat. 
St. Simeon — a fish. 
St. James the Less — a toy mill, meant 

probably for a fuller's mill. 
St. Joseph Barsabas — a cup or bowl Ranworth — 8. Parchse 

screen. 
With four children, bearing the follow- 
ing emblems : — 
St. James — a palm branch. 
St. Jude— a boat. 
St. Joseph Barsabas — three stones or 

loaves. 
St. Simeon — a fish . . . HoughtonJe-Dale — rood- 
screen. 

St. Mart of Succours, V. 13th cent. 

Holding a ship .... Hist, de V Ordre de la 

Mercy, 170. 

St. Mary Magdalen of Pazzis, V. 

1607 

Keceiving the B. Sacrament from our 

Saviour Die HeUigenbilder. 

Keceiving a white veil from the B. 

Virgin Ditto. 

An inflamed heart and crown of 

thorns Ikonographie. 

St. Augustin appearing to her, and 

inscribing on her heart the words : 

Verbum caro factum . , . Die Attribute. 
Crowned with thorns : embracing a 

cross : rays darting on her from a 

Remonstrance .... Engraving. 



SAINTS WITH TBSIB EMBLEMS. 



115 



St. Mary Magdalen of Pazzis 
(continued). 

Angel presenting her to our B. 
Saviour 

St. Maby of Egypt, Penitent. 

5th cent. 

Covered with her long white hair 



The same, holding three loaves . 
Lying dead : a lion digging her grave 



Luca Giordano. 



Communicated by Zosimus in the 
desert 

Carried by angels to heaven 

Death's head before her : giving her- 
self the discipline in the desert 

Discovered by Zosimus 

St. Maternus, B. C. 3rd cent. 

Church in his hand 

Church with three towers in his hand 

Three mitres, one on his head, the 

other two on a book 
Crosier and pilgrim's staff 
Preaching from a pulpit. 

St. Mathias, Apostle. 
Bearing a halbert .... 



M.S. Hours. 

Church of Ecouii, Nor- 
mandy — statue. 

Tableau de la Croix. 

Pitti Palace— P. da 
Cortona. 

Solitudo : sive Vita 
fcemvnm. Anachorit*** 

Pisa — Campo Santo. 
Solitudo. 

Alton Towers — Ouercino. 
Der HeyUgen Leben. 



De Levens der Heylige. 
Die Attribute. 

Cologne — Ch. of St. Louis. 
Die Attribute. 



Leaning upon a sword . 



Fairford Church. 
A ylsham — roodscreen. 
Bin gland — roodscreen. 
JBloJield — roodscreen. 
Tunstead — roodscreen . 
Stalham—font. 
Hunstanton — roodscreen. 
Southwold — roodscreen. 







110 SAINTS WITH THEIR 


EMBLEMS. 


Sr- Mathias (continued). 




Holding a sword by the point 


Florence Gal.— Cot. 




Roudli. 


Holding a Innce .... 


Raphael. 


Holding a hatehet, or axe . 


Lynn, St. Margaret'* — 




brat*. 




Molanue. 


A s Ijiho in his band 


Tableau de la Croix. 


Die- Hciligenbilder. 


Carpenter's square 


B. Mmeuvi — Itabelia 




Breviary. 


Book and scymitar 


Melbury Bubb, Dortet. 


St. Matbdiun, C. abt. 36 




Exorcising a girl .... 


Add. MS. B. Mutmrn. 


St. Math-ha, Queen. 06 




Holding a bag of money for alms. 




St. Matthew, Ap, and Evan. 




Leaning on a short sword . , 


Romeo rtk — roodscreen . 




Primer, 1618. 


The same, with a dolphin at his feet 


Heuret par J. QueiUin, 




1533, 


Holding a money bag . 


Raphael. 




N. Waltham — roadicreen. 




1 Vo retead—roodscreen . 




R ingtitnd — roodsorten. 


Three money bags 


Norbury Ch. — window. 


Holding a square money box 


Bxcler Cirihrd.—ttatae. 


Money box 


A yhham — rooiUere/n. 


Ditto, triple 


MeUmry Bubb. 


Money box with chain to it, at his fee' 


Cawalti a — ra nd-noreen . 


Angel near him : crowned . 


Butt Ration — roadicreen. 


Angel holding inkstand for him . 


Callot. 


Hulbeit, book, and iuklium . 


Tableau de la Croix. 


Axe and book .... 


l:in ti.h 1 — roo/hertt*. 




Coin* of Oottlar. 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEM8. 117 

St. Matthew (continued). 

Battle axe Beeston Regis — roodscreen. 

A square Beeston Regis, 

T probably meant for a square . Stalham—font. 

Irstead — roodscreen. 
N. WaUham — carving on 
spandrUs of screen — 
S. Pardose. 
Tall cross of wood . . Fairford Church. 

St. Mauba, V. 850 

Crucifix before her . . . Ikonographie. 

St. Maubice, M. 280 

Warrior in armour, with a banner, or 

charged with a lion rampant : gules Strasbourg Cathedral- 
window. 
Lyons ditto— ditto. 
Holding a standard at the head of 

the Theban Legion . . Der Heyligen Leben. 

Banner with seven stars . . Cossey Hall Chapel. 
Banner: and sword with crown of 

thorns on the hilt . . . Burgmaier. 
As a moor ChristL. Kunstsymbolik. 

St. Maurilius, B. C. 5th cent. 

Consecrated by St. Martin: dove 

descending upon him . . Oueffier. 
Calling down lightning upon idols, 

and fish with two keys in its mouth Ioones Sanctorum. 
Fish with key of the Church in its 

mouth Die Attribute. 

Holding two keys . . . Weyen. 

St. Mauront, Abbot. 706 

Sceptre and church . . . Douay—Ch. of St. Amatus, 

Old Engravinq. 



118 8AIHT8 WITH THKIB EMBLEMS. 

St. Maubu8, Abbot 584 

Saving St Placidos from drowning CaUot. 

Catalogue Sanctorum. 
With a crosier, going towards the 
water Die Attribute. 

St. Maws, B. C. 
As a schoolmaster . Hit Church in Cornwall. 

St. Maximjan, B. M. 
Thrown from a high tower . Gueffier. 

St. Maximinus, B. C. 849 

Receiving St Athanasius at Triers CaUot. 
Bear at his side .... Ikonographie. 

St. Maximus of Nola, B. C. 250 
Bunch of grapes upon a bramble Die Attribute* 

St. Maximus, M. 3rd cent 

Stoned to death .... Gueffier. 

St. Maximus of Riez, B. C. abt 460 

Raising the dead to life . . I cones Sanctorum. 
Hiding in a forest . . . Gueffier. 

St. Maximus of Turin, B. C. abt. 467 
A doe near him .... Ikonographie. 

St. Medard, B. G. 545 

Kneeling : dove over his head . CaUot. 

Eagle sheltering him from rain . Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 

Three white doves above him . Ikonographie. 

Leaving his footmarks in a stone Ditto. 

Giving alms Die Attribute. 

A beggar near him Coney Hall Chapel. 
An ox. 



SAJKT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 119 

St. Mederic, Ab. 

Teaching his monks . CaUot. 

Holding chains with caltrops . Weyen. 

St. Meinhardt, or Meinbab, C. 863 

Two ravens pursuing his murderers Das Passional, 
Two ravens by his side . Ikonographie. 

St. Melanius, B. C. 530 

Ship having his body on board, sailing 

against the stream . Ikonographie. 

Driving out the devil . . Die Attribute. 

St. Meutina, V. M. 
Bearing a sword : idol overthrown Ikonographie. 

St. Mercubius, M. abt. 250 

Angel bringing him a sword . Callot. 

St. Mennas, M. abt. 304 

Hands cut off, and eyes plucked out Weyen. 

St. Mesmin, Ab. abt. 520 

Holding a serpent . . . Weyen. 

St. Methodius, G. 899 

Picture of the Last Judgment . Die Attribute. 

St. Michael, Archangel. 

In armour, striking a dragon with a 

sword Eanworth — 8. Par cloze. 

Pair of scales: black devil in one, 

white figure in the other . . Filby — roodscrem. 
Pair of scales : devils in one, souls in 

the other : one devil fallen out, 

and scale rising . . . Mariham — window. 

Weighing souls : devil depressing one 

scale MontivUliers— capital of 

a column. 



120 SAINTS WITH THE IB EMBLEMS. 

St. Michael (continued). 

Sword and scales : two men in one, 
millstone in the other, which a 
dragon is pulling down . Meran— -Tyrol— basso 

relievo. 
Holding scales: devil pulling down 
one scale, soul in the other: the 
B. V. Mary throwing in a rosary, 
which weighs it down . . hlip Church. 

Bexley Church. 
Mural Paintings. 
Holding scales : Satan pulling down 
one scale, St. Michael piercing him 
with a cross staff . . . Flos Santorum. 
Lance and shield .... Angelico. 
Piercing Satan with a long cross . Chorographia Sacra 

Brabantus. 
Ditto, and a short cross in his hand Tableau de la Croix. 

St. Milburge, V. Abbess. 7th cent. 

Flock of wild geese, taking flight at 

her command .... Lives of Saints — F, Porter. 
Ditto, and church in her hand . Old Engraving. 

St. Minias, M. 
Javelin, lily, and palm . . . In his Ch. near Florence. 

St. Mitrius, M. 3rd cent. 

Bearing his head in his hands Aix Cathedral — window. 

St. Modwena, V. Abbess, abt. 870 

Red cow by her side . . . Image — anciently at Bur- 

ton-upon-Trent. 
Teaching a young princess to read. 

St. Monica, Wid. 387 

Standing behind St. Augustin kneel- 
ing • Siena— Ch. of St. Aug. 



8AINTS WITH THEIR EMBLKM8. 121 

St. Monica (continued). 

Standing behind St, Augustin who is 

kneeling Pietro Perugino. 

Handkerchief and open book . Tableau de la Croix. 

Holding a crucifix . . . Old Engraving. 

St. Moses, the Ethiopian, M. 

As a moor Ikonographie. 

Stabbed with a knife . . Die Attribute. 

St Mungho, see Kentigern. 

B. Mutius, H. 

Bell, staff, and beads . . . Strasbourg — Libry, 

Glass from the Chartreuse 
at Molsheim. 

St. Narcissus, B. C. 216 

Stabbed in the back while saying 

Mass Das Passional. 

Changing holy water into oil for 

church lamps . . , . Gueffier. 

Pitcher of water by him . . Ikonographie. 

Angel s conveying his soul to heaven Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 

Holding a thistle in blossom . Weyen. 

St. Natalia, Wid. 3rd cent. 

A lion by her side . . . Ikonographie. 

Holding St. Adrian's hands and feet 
on an anvil .... Molanus. 

St. Nathaniel, Anchoret. 
Devil tempting him. 

SS. Nazabius and Celsus, MM. 

abt 68 

A man and boy walking on the 
sea Cattot. 



122 saints with theib emblems. 

St. Nazabius. 

Palm : church of the monastery of 
Lorsch held up in his cloak . Seal of Provost o/Lor$ch. 

St. Nemesion, or Nemesius, M. 250 

Burnt together with two thieves Callot. 

Icones Sanctorum. 
Gueffier. 

St. Nestob, B. M. 250 

Praising God upon the rack . Callot. 

A cross Ihonographie. 

Crucified with ropes . . Old Engraving. 

St. Nicasius, B. C. 5th cent. 

Top of a skull mitred, in his hand Munich Gal. — I. v. 

Schoreel. 

St. Nicephobus, M. 260 

In a tub with holes, through which 
executioners torment him . Callot. 

St. Nicetas, M. 372 

Burnt on a funeral pile . Die Attribute. 

St. Nicholas, B. C. 342 

Three children in a tub . Heures d'Anne de 

Bretagne. 
Tableau de la Croix. 
Three children coming out of a chest, 
opening at the command of the saint Chartres Cathed.— Chapel 

S. of Choir. 
Three children kneeling before him Die Attribute. 
Three golden balls upon a book . Borne — Capitol— Botti- 
celli. 
Borne — Gaetano Bianchi. 
Borne — A. Scaccioni. 
Imperial Coins. 
Primer, 1516. 



8AINT8 WITH THKIB EMBLEMS. 



128 



St. Nicholas (continued). 

Holding three balls in his hand . Cimabue. 

Friburgh Coins. 
Three balls at his feet, or in his lap Dibdiris Decameron — 

Vol I. 
Three balls on a book on one knee Tableaux des Peintres 

Primitifs. 
Three balls on a book before him 

kneeling Pitti Pal. — And. del Sarto. 

Six balls marked on a book . . Ikonograpkie. 

Three loaves on a book, or in his hand Nuremberg— Sepulchre of 

St. Sebcdd. 
Handing money, or bread, through a 

window to three poor maidens Angelico da Fiesole. 

Anchor, or ship in the back ground Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 
Model of a church in his hand . Die Heiligenbilder. 
Bishop without a mitre Catalogue Sanctorum. 

Molanus. 



St. Nicholas of Tolentinum, C. 

1306 

As a hermit of St. Augustin, with 

stars round his head 
Sun and stars on his breast 
Staff tipped with a star 
Star over his grave 
Star on his breast, or behind him 
Holding a bowl with gold and a lily 
Angels singing with him 
Devil beating him with a club 
Crucifix entwined with a lily 



Revue de I Art Chret. 
Pitti Gal— Carlo Dolce. 
Lib. Cronicarum. 
Ikonograpkie. 
Die Attribute. 
Die Heiligenbilder. 
Weyen. 

Der Heyligen Leben. 
Jameson. 



B. Nicholas of Bruges, O. P. 
Holding a lily 

B. Nicholas, 0. P. 
Holding a fish 



Woodcheiter^-Lib. SSm. 
Belgii. 

Ibid. 



124 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Nicomedes, M. abt. 90 

Club set with spikes . Die Attribute. 

St. Nilus, the Younger, Ab. 1005 

Holding a lamp with oil, but not 
lighted Ikonographie. 

Figure of Christ blessing him from 

a cross Domenichino. 

Healing a possessed boy, with oil 
from a church lamp . . Qrotta Ferrates-fresco 

by Domenichino. 

St. Nonnosus, Ab. 
A mountain before him, in the clouds Gallot. 

St. Norbert, B. C. 1134 

Holding up chalice with Sacred Host, 
in his right hand . . . Vatican — Fil. Bigioli. 

Carrying Remonstrance with B. Sact. Arbor PastoraUs. 

Columns milit. Eccl. 

Angel holding Remonstrance before 
him Old Engraving. 

Episcopal vestments brought him by 
the B. Virgin Mary . . . Callot. 

N. Poussin. 

Chalice with a spider in it . . Ikonographie. 

Devil at his feet, or chained up . Die Attribute. 

Man detected in attempt to assassi- 
nate him in the Confessional . Oueffier. 

St. Nothburga, V. 1315 

Carrying bread and a sickle Die Attribute. 

The same, and a heavy weight lying 

near her feet .... Bavaria Pia. 
In a corn field : sickle near her . Bilder Legends. 
Keys at her side .... Tyrol— paintings. 
As a nun Die Attribute. 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 126 

St. Nothburga, W. 8th or 9th cent. 

With nine children : or eight on her 

arm, and the ninth dead at her feet Ikonograpkie. 

St. Ocysellus, see Ascylus. 

St. Odilo, Ah. 1049 

Two cups, or goblets . . Catalogus Sanctorum. 

Addressing his monks . Callot. 

St. Odo, Ah. 943 

Stripping himself to clothe the poor Weyen. 

Abbot, holding a short cross . Columnce milit. Eccl. 

B. Odo of Ghent, O. P. 

Ray of light shining upon him . Woodchester Lib. SSm. 

Belgii O. P. 

St. Odulph, C. 9th cent. 

Dish in his hand . . . Die Attribute. 

St. Olau8, Olave, Holofius, or 
Tooley, K. M. 1030 

King crowned and seated, holding 

cross and battle axe . . . Seal of St. Olave s Priory, 

Herringfleety Suffolk. 

Sceptre and sword . . . Arbor Pastorate. 

Dagger in his hand Ikonograpkie. 

Halbert and loaf .... Barton Turf—side screen. 

» 

St. Onesimus. 
Stoned to death .... Callot. 

St. Onuphrius, Hermit. 4th cent. 

Hairy man, with girdle of palm leaves Callot. 

Buffalmacco. 
Hairy man : crown and sceptre : gold 
and silver at his feet . . Louvre — Span. Gal. 



126 SAUTO WITH THEim KMBT.ETISv 

St. Osufhbtus (continued). 

Clothed with leaves Ikonographie. 

Clothed in skins .... Die HeUigenbUder. 
Crawling on his hands and feet, and 

pursued by hounds as a wild beast Ditto. 
An angel blessing him . . Die Attribute. 

' appearing to him . . Gueffur. 

' bringing him bread Tboseh. 

— — — food in a bowl Old Engraving. 

St. Oppobtuna, V. Abbess. 770 

B. V. Mary appearing to her on her 

death bed G allot. 

Casket and crosier . . . Add. MS., B. Museum. 

St. Optatos of Milevdm, B. C. 

4th cent. 

Trampling on the enemies of the fai th Callot. 

St. Obcas, or Ozias. 

Holding a bird with its head down- 
wards Heydon Church — window. 

St. 08ith, or Osyth, Qu., V. Abbess, 
M. abt. 870 

Crown on a table before her Weyen. 

Carrying her head cut off . . Seal of her Church at Chick. 

St. Osmund, B. C. 1099 

Book of the Sarum use in his hand. 

St. Oswald, B. C. 
Driving the devil off a large stone Lives of Saints — F.Porter. 

St. Oswald, K. M. 042 

Sceptre and cross .... Coins of Berg. 

Aylsham — private posses- 
sion : formerly in St. 
James* Ch. t Xorurich. 



SAINTS WITH THEIE EMBLEMS. 



127 



St. Oswald, K. M. (continued). 

Sceptre and cross .... 
King preaching from a pulpit 

(Probably intended for St. Oswald.) 
Blowing a horn .... 

Breaking up a silver dish for the poor 
Haven bringing him a letter, and a 

golden box of holy chrism 
Haven in his hand : ring in its bill 
Dove over his head 



Arbor Pastor alis. 
Hornckurch, Essex. 

Formerly in a window in 

Durham Cathedral. 
Icones 88m. 

Der Heyligen Leben. 

Burgmaier. 

Jkonographie. 



St. Oswin, K. M. 

Spear . 

Spear and sceptre 

St. Othmar, Ab. 
Keg of wine in his hand 



651 



Brass of Abbot Delamere. 
Seal of Tynemouih Priory. 



759 



Lib. Cronicarum. 
Das Pastoral. 



St. Othilia, V. Abbess. 772 

Holding a' lily, and receiving from her 
father Adalric the key of his new 
founded convent of Hohenburg Hohenburg — Von Dr. 

Pfeffinger. 
Primer t 1516. 
Die Heiligenbilder. 
Burgmaier. 

Vienna Gal. — Cignaroli. 
Bavaria Pia. 
Solitudo. 



Carrying two eyes upon a book 



Two eyes lying at her feet . 
Baptized and receiving her sight 
Holding a cup, or chalice 



St. Ozias, see Orgas. 



St. Otho of Ariano, Hermit. 1120 
Falcon perched upon a cottage . Ihonographie. 



128 8AINT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Otho, or Otto, B. C. 1189 

Making nails at a forge, out of arrows Ckristl. Kunstsymbolik. 
Holding arrows . ... Die HeUigenbilder. 
and knife . German Picture. 

St. Pachomiu8, Hermit. 348 
Angel appearing to him . . CaUot. 
bringing him a monastic rule Oueffier. 

St. Pamphilius, M. abt. 290 

A razor in his hand . Die Attribute. 

St. Pancra8, or Pancratius, M. 304 

Sword and stone in his hands Die HeUigenbilder. 

Youth armed : holding book and 
palm : Saracen under his feet . Cow/old — Brass of Prior 

Netond. 

St. Pantjenus, Father of the Church. 

abt. 215 

Lecturing from a pulpit . Icones Sanctorum. 

St. Pantaleon, M. 303 

« 

Bound, his hands above his head 

nailed to an olive tree, sword at 

his feet Venice — various pictures. 

Nail through his hands into his head Lib. Cronicarum. 
Pushed off a rock with a pitchfork CaUot. 
Killed with a club . . Der Heyligen Leben. 

Healing a sick child . . Paul Veronese. 

Stone tied to his neck . . Die Attribute. 

Sword and vase .... Bonn Cathedral. 

St. Paphnutius, B. C. 4th cent. 

Working in the mines . Callot. 

Angel giving him a monastic rule Ikonographie. 

St. Paphnutius, M. 
Bound to a palm tree . , Icones Sanctorum. 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 



129 



St. Parthenius, B. C. 4th cent. 
Killing a mad dog by the sign of the 



cross 



Die Attribute. 



St. Paschal Baylon, C. 1592 

Vision of a chalice and sacred Host Ikonographie. 
Franciscan before the B. Sacrament : 
his staff and bundle on the ground Painting attributed to 

Domenichino. 
Ditto: B. V. Mary appearing . Hueberus. 



St. Pastor, see Justus. 

St. Paternus, B. C. 
Serpents about him 



565 



Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 



St. Patricia, V. 
On a pilgrimage with two companions Callot. 



St. Patrick, B. C. 464 

Trampling on serpents 
Chasing reptiles . 
Driving serpents out of a cave 
Serpents at his feet 
A fire before him . 

St. Paul, Apostle. 65 

Besting upon a sword . 



Molanus. 

Arbor Pastoralis. 

CaUot. 

Ikonographie. 

Die Attribute. 



Holding a sword . 

Holding two swords 
Sword and book 

Three springs, where 
bounded . 



his head 



Ayhham — roodscreen. 
Lessingham — roodscreen. 
Belavgh — roodscreen . 
Stalham—font. 
Tunstead — roodscreen. 
Banworth — roodscreen. 
Primer , 1516. 
FUby — roodscreen. 
Edingthorpe — roodscreen. 

Die Attribute. 



130 SAINTS WITH THEIB EMBLEM 8. 

St. Paul, the First Hermit. 342 

Raven bringing him a loaf . Arbor PastoraUs. 

Callot. 
Dividing his loaf with St. Anthony Catalog us Sanctorum. 
Wearing a cloak of palm leaves Solitudo. 

Cloak of box leaves . . Molanus. 

St. Paul of Constantinople, B. M. 

350 

Stole in his hand .... Ikonographie. 
Strangled Blaise. 

St. Paula, W. 404 

Pilgrim leading her daughter Callot. 

Das Passional. 
Book : black veil fringed with gold National Gallery. 

St. Paula Babbata. 
Long beard obtained by prayer Die Attribute. 

St. Paulinus or Nola, B. C. 431 

Preaching to the poor . . Callot. 

Giving alms : spade by his side . Old Engraving. 

St. Peoasiu8, M. 
Bound on a pile of wood, to be burnt Icones Sanctorum. 

St. Pelagia of Tabsis, V. M. 

3rd cent. 

In a bull of brass, over a fire Callot. 

St. Pelagia of Antioch, Penitent. 

5th cent. 

Baptized : St. Nonnus standing by Das Passional. 
Listening to St. Nonnus preaching Menology oj St. Basil. 
Religious : praying before a Church Ditto. 
Kneeling : jewels before her, on the 

ground Callot. 



SAINTS WITH THE1B EMBLEMS. 181 

St. Pelagia of Antioch (continued). 

Found dead in her cell ' . . Solitude. 
Falling from a roof, or window . Ihonographie. 
Standing in a baptismal font Die Attribute. 

St. Pelagius, M. 925 

Sword in left hand, right cut off . Arbor Pattoralis. 
Bed hot pincers .... Ihonographie. 

St. Pebeqbinus, B. M. 
Preaching from an eminence C allot. 

St. Pebpetua, M. 203 

A wild cow by her side Ihonographie. 

St. Pebpetuus, B. C. 
Directing the building of a church Callot. 

St. Peter, Apostle. 65 

Key in his hand , Edingthorpe — roodscreen. 

Tunstead — roodscreen. 

Lessingham — roodscreen. 

Bunkenham—font. 

Stalham—font. 
Key and church .... Crostwick—font. 
Key and double barred cross Seal of the Convent of 

Lorsch. 
Two golden keys .... Irstead — roodscreen. 

FUby — roodscreen. 

Worstead — screen, S. 
Aisle. 

Ringland — roodscreen. 

Ranworth — roodscreen. 
One gold and one silver key . Swqfield — roodscreen. 

Westwick — roodscreen. 
Two keys : open book, with the words, 

Credo in Deum Patrem omnipotentem Trunch — roodscreen. 
Keys and closed book . . . Ypres — Museum — carving. 



132 SAINT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Peter (continued). 

Keys and closed book . Bromyard Ch. — stone 

earning. 
Bottesford Church — brass 
of Hen. de. Codyngtoun. 
Keys and cross .... Benedictional of St. Ethel- 
wold. 
Key 8 held back to back, so as to give 
the appearance of a cross held 
downwards .... Chalgrove Church. 

In chains, in prison . . Blqficld — roodsereen. 

Weeping : cock crowing near him Pitti Palace — Guido. 

Ditto — Carlo Dolce. 
Meeting our B. Saviour on the Appian 

Way Vatican — Raphael. 

Crucified, with his head downwards Vatican — Giotto. 
Banner with six roses . . . Hist, de France par le 

P. Daniel. 
Engraving. 

St. Peter of Alexandria, B.M. 311 

Our Saviour appearing to him as a 

child in a tattered garment . CaUot. 
Embracing his executioners . Weyen. 

St. Peter Damian, B. C. D. 1072 
Hermit with a cardinal's hat by his 

side Ihonographie. 

A scourge Die Attribute. 

St. Peter Thomas, Carmelite, M. 
An arrow Ihonographie. 

St. Peter Gonzales, or Elmo, C. 

1246 
Lying in his mantle upon hot coals Die Attribute. 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 133 

St. Peter, Martyr. 1252 

Falling by the sword : three crowns 
over his head .... Oroieto — Oh. of St. 

Dominic. 
Knife in his head .... (7. CriveUi. 
Out across his head: palm in his hand Pitti Gal. — B. Angdieo. 
Knife in his head : sword in his breast D 1 A gincourt— painting of 

the 16th century. 
Ditto : and palm in his hand . Brera—Cima da Coneg- 

liano. 
Kneeling : sabre at his feet . . Milan Gal. — Guercino. 
Cut in his head .... Fra Bartolomeo. 
Stabbed and his skull cloven Der Heyligen Leben. 

Martyred in a wood : angels appearing National Gal. — Giorgione. 

Venice — Titian. 
Sword cleaving his head . Flos Santorum. 

Writing Credo on the ground, with 
his blood, at his martyrdom Die Attribute. 

St. Peter Nolasco, C. 1258 

St. Peter appearing, crucified, head 

downwards .... Madrid — Zurbaran. 
Angel showing him the heavenly 

Jerusalem Ditto. 

Two angels carrying him to the altar Claude MeUan. 
Chain in his hand . . . Columna milit. Feci. 

Chain and banner with red cross Sassoferrato. 

Banner with red cross . . . Raphael. 

St. Peter Celestin, P. C. 1300 

Tiara : friar's habit : dove at his ear Liessies — Hainault — Ch. 

of the Benedictins. 
• Cohimnce milit. Feci. 

St. Peter of Alcantara, C. 1562 

Franciscan friar: cross in his arm, 

or before him .... Ikonographie. 
Holding a cross made of boughs . Revue de V Art Chret. 



184 SAINTS WITH THEIB EMBLEMS. 

St. Peter or Alcantara (continued). 

Cross before him in light . . Hueberus. 
Walking on the water with a lay 

brother : a star over his head . Munich Gal. — CI. CoeUo. 
Scourge, and instruments of penance Columnar milit. Eccl. 
A dove at his ear .... Ohristl. Kunstsymbolih. 
Kneeling : dove over his head Aguado Gal. — MuriUo. 

St. Peteb Gambacubta, C. 1435 
St. Jerom appearing to him . . Columnce milit. Eccl. 

St. Petbonilla, V. 1st cent. 

Key and clasped book N. Elmham — roodsereen. 

Trimmingham — roodsereen. 
St. Peter conversing with her at table Der Heyligen Leben. 
Holding a broom . . Tableau de la Croix. 

Old Engraving. 
Receiving the Holy Viaticum C allot. 

St. Petbonius, B. C. 452 

Holding a model of the city of 

Bologna, with its two leaning 

towers Bologna Gal. — Lor. Costa. 

Ducats of Bologna. 
Interceding for the city to our B. 

Saviour in the arms of the B. 

Virgin Bologna Gal. — Ouido. 

St. Phabaildis, V. 740 

Gosling at her feet, or in her hand Molanus. 

St. Philibebt, Ab. 684 

Stilling a storm at sea . . . C allot. 
An ass standing by him. 

St. Philip, Apostle. abt. 80 

A basket in his hand . . Marsham — roodsereen. 

A basket held up N. Walsham — roodsereen. 

Basket with bread . . Ringland — roodsereen. 



SAINTS WITH THEIB EMBLEMS. 



185 



St. Philip (continued). 
Basket with bread 



Two loaves and a cross 

Three loaves in his hand 

Cross in his left, money in right . 

Bearing a knotted cross 

Crucified, with his head downwards 



Tall cross 



Tall cross and book 

Devils and idols driven away and 
overthrown by the cross from an 
altar 

Serpent driven from beneath an altar 
of Mars 

A spear and double cross. 



Irstead — roodscreen. 
Lessingham — roodscreen. 
Tunstead — roodscreen. 
Belaugh — roodscreen. 
Worstead — roodscreen. 
Worstead — N. Aisle screen. 
Blqfield — roodscreen. 
N. Tuddenham — charted 

window. 
Trunch — roodscreen. 
Tableau de la Croix. 
Wilhelm. 
Rome — St. Pauls — bronze 

gates — S*- Maria in 

Trastevere. 
Lynn St. Margaret's — 

brass. 
Coins of Brabant. 
Fairford Church. 
Pietro Perugino. 
Mathias Qrunewald. 
Alb. Durer. 



Die Attribute. 

Florence— S*- Croce—Fti,. 
Lippi. 



St. Philip Beniti, C. 
Giving his shirt to a leper 

Healing a possessed woman 
Mitre and tiara before him 



1285 



Florence — Andrea del 

Sarto. 
Ditto. 

Culumnce mttit. Feci. 
Fitti Palace. 



i tjvl . ■ u 



UHi* t_ 



--— *. Htftf-l 



luari 











X*—- 






~c*» 



'4* ?Tr-* > vr 

#*?/***? 7* <?«»l *ttk I iff f 

tfc* **/** ***£ «f> liy tfc* fl*fi* 

^r^ ttfter *c»a<fwg 

541 

U0 tonga* 

ZM* Attribute. 



SAINTS WITH THEIE EMBLEMS. 18? 

SS. PoLIANUS AND NeMESIAN, MM. 

3rd cent. 
Working in marble quarries . Callot. 

St. Policbonius, B. M. 
Bound to a stake and stoned Callot. 

St. Polycabp, B. M. 166 

Stabbed, and burnt to death . Callot. 
Pile of wood in flames near him . lhonographie. 
Burnt at a stake .... Lambrecht. 
Stabbed before, or in a heated oven 
in the shape of an ox . Die Attribute. 

St. Pontianus, M. 180 

In a den with lions . . . Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 
Angels feeding him . . . Die Attribute, 

St. Poppo, Abbot. 1048 

Restoring to life a man killed by a 
wolf lhonographie. 

St. Pobphybius, M. 

A Comedian declaring himself a 
Christian before the Emp. Julian Guejfier. 

St. Pobtianus, Ab. C. 6th cent. 

Breaking a cup of poison: serpent 
issuing from it . . . . Oueffier. 

St. Posidonius, B. C. 500 

Pagan idols overthrown . . Die Heiligenbilder. 

SS. Potamiana and Marcella, MM. 

3rd cent. 

Both burnt at the same stake . CaUot. 



138 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Potentiana, V. 

Burying the martyrs . . . Callot. 

Giving alms Der Heyligen Lebrn. 

Holding an urn and sponge Agnus Dei, blessed by 

Pope Innocent XI. 

St. Potentinus, M. 6th cent. 

In armour, holding a lance and two 
arrows Acta Sanctorum. 

St. Pbaxedes, V. abt. 150 

Standing before a tower . . Weyen. 

SS. Pbaxedes and Pudenttana, 
W. abt. 150 

Taking up the blood of martyrs with 
a sponge Rome — Pomerancio, 

St. Pbimatius, B. M. 
Burnt to death .... Arbor Pastoralis. 

SS. PBiMusand Felicianus, MM. 

286 

Exposed to lions .... Old Engraving. 
Angel visiting them in prison : one 

nailed to a post, the other chained 

by his neck to the wall . . Callot. 
Melted lead poured into the mouth 

of St. Primus .... Oueffier. 

St. Pbisca, V. M. abt. 275 

Lion at her side : palm in her hand Callot. 

Two lions at her side . . . Ikonographie. 

Between two lions . . Old Engraving. 

An eagle near her . . . Die Heiligenbilder. 

A sword in her hand . . Die Attribute. 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 



139 



St. Privatu8, B. M. 3rd cent. 

Beaten to death by soldiers in a cave Callot. 

Praying in a cave before a cross Icones Sanctorum. 



SS. Processus and Martini an us, 
MM. 1st cent 



Scourged with scorpions 

St. Pbocopius, M. 
Incense forced into his hand 



303 



lkonographie. 



Icones Sanctorum. 



St. Procopius, Hermit. 1053 

A stag taking refuge near him . lkonographie. 
Kneeling : a hind lying by him . Jameson. 

St. Proculus, M. 4th cent. 

An axe in his hand . . . Bohgnese — Paintings. 
Carrying his head in his hands . Ditto. 

St. Pulcheria, V. Empress. 453 
Bearing a sceptre and a lily . Callot. 

St. Quintin, M. 287 

Broken wheel at his feet . . Callot. 
Hands in stocks, nails in his shoulders M.S. Hours. 

French and Flemish 
pictures. 

Molanus. 

Icones Sanctorum. 

Die Attribute. 

Weyen. 



A spit 



As a deacon 

His body washed up from the sea 
His hands and feet fettered . 
Angel removing his fetters . 



St. Quiriacus, B. M. 

Stabbed in the back 
Holding one hand cut off 



abt. 362 



Der Heyligen Leben. 
Die Attribute. 



St. Quiricu8, see Cyr. 



140 8AINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Quirinus, M. 275 

Six balls upon his shield . Die Attribute. 

Nine balls upon his shield : palm : 

horse and hawk near him . Boisseree Gal. — No. 9. 

His tongue cut out and thrown to a 

hawk Die Attribute. 

Dragged by horses . . Ditto. 

St. Quirinus, B. M. 309 

A millstone by him . . Ikonographie. 

Thrown into a river, tied to a millstone Oueffier. 

St. Radegundes, Queen. 587 

Crowned : mantle with fleurs de lys Poitiers — window in her 

church. 
Crowned : sceptre tipped with a fleur 

de lys Ditto. 

Crowned : crosier and book . Seal of her Abbey of 

Bradsole, Kent. 
Crowned: veiled: captive kneeling 

holding his broken fetters . Jameson. 

Chain round her: holding a discipline Weyen. 
Delivering a possessed woman from 

the devil Burgmaier. 

White head-dress : tunic with fleurs 

de lys : mantle with castles . Poitiers — window in her 

church. 
Visiting the sick .... Icones Sanctorum. 
Two wolves by her . . . Ikonographie. 
Crown at her feet .... Die Attribute. 
Wild beasts about her . Ditto. 

St. Raineldis, V. M. 
Dragged along the ground by her hair Callot. 

St. Rainerius, see Regnier, 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 141 

St. Raphael, Archangel. 

Bearing a staff .... Leuchtenberg Gal. — 

Murillo. 

Bearing a fish .... Tableau de la Croix. 

Wallet over his shoulder . . Hours of Anne of 

Britanny. 

Walking on a river, with pilgrim's 

staff Callot. 

A gourd bottle .... Die Attribute* 

St. Raymund Nonnatus, C. 1240 

Lock on his lips .... Ikonographie. 
Moors, or ransomed slaves about him Die Attribute. 

St. Raymund of Pennafort, C. 1275 

In a boat, with his cloak for a sail Bologna — L. Caracci. 
B. V. Mary with Holy Infant ap- 
pearing Old Engraving. 

St. Regina. V. M. 3rd cent. 

In a boiling cauldron : torches applied 

to her Callot. 

Bound to a cross : torches applied to 

her sides Der Heyligen Leben. 

In prison, chained, praying : dove on 

a luminous cross appearing . Bilder Legende. 
Lamb, or sheep about her . Ikonographie. 

Scourged with rods. 
Dove flying to her . . . Weyen. 

B. Reginald, 0. P. 13th cent. 

Kneeling, and offering his scapular 
to the B. Virgin . Paris — Church of the 

Carmelites. 

St. Regnier, C. 1589 

A bull near him .... Die Heiligenbilder. 
Dying in a coarse penitential habit Pisa — Campo Santo. 



142 SAINTS WITH THEIB EMBLEMS. 

St. Regula, V. M. .303 

Carrying her head cut off Ikonographie. 

St. Reoulus, B. M. 

Kneeling before the executioner: 
mitre at his feet Lucca — at his altar. 

St Reinoldus, C. 7th cent. 

A hammer in his hand • Ikonographie. 

In armour Christl. KunsUynibolik. 

St. Remioius, B. C. 545 

Carrying the Holy Oils . Formerly in the Cathedral 

of Chartres. 

Birds feeding from his hand . Gueffier. 

Dove bringing him Holy Chrism . Arbor Pastoralis. 

The same, and Clovis kneeling before 
him C allot. 

Figure (Clovis ?) kneeling before him Dunston Church. 

Delivering a possessed man . Das Passional. 

Contemplating the veil of St. Vero- 
nica Burgmaier. 

St. Restituta, V. M. 272 

An angel above her . • Die Attribute. 

Another St. Restituta, V. M. 

3rd cent. 

Standing in a burning ship unhurt : 
the fire destroying those who 

lighted it Callot. 

Gueffier. 

St. Reynofla, Recluse. 
Angel conversing with her . Solitudo. 



SAINTS WITH THEIB EMBLEMS. 148 

St. Richard, K. C. 722 

Pilgrim : crown at his feet . Arbor Pastor alii. 

On a pilgrimage, with his two sons Burgmaier. 
Obtaining the recovery of his son, 
laid before a wayside cross Oxford — Lives of Saints. 

St. Richard, B. C. 1253 

Ploughing CaUot. 

Chalice at his feet. 

Kneeling, with a chalice before him. 

St. Rictrudes, Abbess. 688 

Church in her hand Old Engraving. 

St. Rieul, C. 130 

Frogs about him .... Christl. Kunstsymbolih. 
Fountain, where his tears had fallen Die Attribute. 
A stag by him .... Ditto. 

St. Robert, C. 

Nobleman, stabbed through his left 
shoulder Formerly on the rood- 
screen at Erpingham. 

B. Robert of Abbrissel, C. 1116 

Coat of mail next his skin . Ikonographie. 

Our B. Saviour crucified appearing, 
with Mary and John Columna tnilit. Eccl. 

St. Robert of Newminster, Ab. C. 

1159 

Holding a church . . Old Engraving. 

St. Robert of Kananesbury, C. 

1239 

Holding an asperges brush, and 
threatening the devil . Formerly painted in Eng. 

Convents of the Trinity. 
Compitum, bk. ii. t ch. x. 



144 saints with their emblems. 

St. Robert (of Dale Abbey?) 

13th cent. 

Ploughing with two stags . . MorleyCh., Derbyshire — 

window. 

B. Robert of Salentum, C. 1341 

Holding an inflamed heart, pierced 
with two nails, and looking up to a 
cross in the sky . . . Columna milit. Ecd. 

St. Roch, C. 1327 or 1348 

Pilgrim : plague spot on his thigh Stalham — roodscreen. 
Pilgrim : plague spot on his leg : dog 

with a loaf in his mouth . Venice — Tintoretto. 

Pilgrim : plague spot on his thigh : 
angel pointing to it . . . Leuchtenberg Gal. — Ga- 
rotte. 
The same : and dog with loaf in his 

mouth Tableau de la Croix. 

Pilgrim with staff only . . Pitti Palace — And. del 

Sarto. 
Pilgrim : wound in his thigh : angel 
touching it: dog with loaf in his 

mouth Prints in Dibdins Deca- 
meron, Vol. II.; and 
Hone's Every Day 
Book, Vol. I. 
Staff: wound in his thigh . Fran. Francia. 

Plague spot on his thigh: angel 

speaking to him . . . Primer, 1516. 

Pilgrim : dog licking his wounds Die HeiligenbUder. 

St. Romanus, £. C. 639 

Dragon or Gargouille by his side Die Attribute. 

Dragon : stole or scapular about its 

neck Die HeiligenbUder. 

Rouen — window . 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 145 

St.Romanus (continued). 

Standing before a river : cross in his 

hand Chrtitl. Kunstsymbolik. 

Dragon bound at his side : two 

persons by him: one apparently 

holding the dragon's chain . Sculpture—formerly at 

Porte Bouvreuil, Mown. 

St Roman us, M. abt. 258 

His tongue cut out . . . I cones Sanctorum. 
Holding a pitcher, or jug . . Weyen. 

St. Romanus, Recluse. 

Stones showered upon him by the 
devil Gueffier. 

St. Romedius, C. 
Three pilgrims : a bear with them Bavaria Pia. 

St. Romuald, Abbot. 1027 

Pointing to a ladder with monks 

ascending upon it to heaven . Vatican — And. Sacchi. 
Vision of monks ascending two and 

two without a ladder . . Die Attribute. 

St. Romulus, M. 

In mitre and cope : arrow broken in 
his breast .... Weyen. 

St. Rosalia, V. 1617 

Receiving a chaplet of roses from the 

B. Virgin Mary .... Vienna Gal. — Van Dych. 
In a cave, with a cross and skull . Bilder Legende. 
Crown of roses, usually white, on her 

head Die Attribute. 

Embracing a distaff. 

Book and palm .... Andrea da Salerno. 



146 •ATSTB WITH THEIR S3CBLKXS. 

S?.BosAU3TEorVnxA2rofTA,V. 1329 

Provisions for the poor in her apron, 
changed miraculously into rosea Blaise. 

St. Bosk or Vitzkbo, V. 1261 

Rosea in her hand or apron . Ikonograpkie. 

St. Boss or Lima, V. 1617 

Garland of roses on her head Pitti Gal— Carlo Dolce. 

Infant Jesus in a nosegay of roses Bilder Legend*. 
Crown with sharp points on her 

head, and a rose in her hand Ikonograpkie. 

Crowned with thorns : holding a rose, 

on which is the figure of our B. 

Saviour Murillo. 

St. Budbebt, B. C. 
Holding a basket of eggs . . Saltzburgh coins. 

SS. Bufina and Secunda, W. MM. 

257 

Floating in the sea : a weight to their 

necks CaUot. 

Thrown into the Tiber . Old Engraving. 

St. Bufus, B. M. abt. 116 
An axe Die Attribute. 

St. Bumold, or Bumbold, B. M. 775 
A man lying behind him, holding a 

hoe De Levens der Heylige. 

Martyred before a chest full of money Burgmaier. 

St. Bupebt, B. C. 718 

Baptizing Theodon, Duke of Bavaria Callot. 

A salt box in his hand . . . SaUzburg coins. 

Tub of salt in his hand . . Burgmaier. 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 



147 



St. Sabas, M. 372 

Boiled in a cauldron . . . CaUot. 
Hung by his hands upon a fig tree Ihonographie, 
Thrown into a river . . Oueffier. 

Blaise. 



St. Sabas, Abbot. 
An apple in his hand . 

Living in a cave . 

St. Sabinus, B. M. 
His hands chopped off . 



581 



Columns milit. Eccl. 

Weyen. 

Oueffier. 



304 



C allot. 
Weyen. 
His hands chopped off: giving sight 

to a youth . . . . . Oueffier. 
Overthrowing an image of Jupiter Icones Sanctorum. 
In armour in battle . . Molanus. 

St. Sadoth, B. M. 344 

St. Simeon, Bp. of Seleucia, appearing 
on a ladder, and inviting him to 
ascend to heaven . . Oueffier. 

St. Salome, Wife of Zebedee. 

Seated with her two children, SS. 
James and John before her Ranworth — 8. Parclose. 

s Vase of ointment .... Weyen. 



St. Salvatob ab Hobta, C. 

A young tree in his hand 
As a gardener 
Walking over hot coals 

St. Sampson, B. 0. 
Cross near him 



1567 



564 



Ihonographie. 
Die Attribute. 
Christk Kumtsymbolik. 



His Church — Cornwall. 



St. Sativola, see Sidwell. 



148 8AINT8 WITH THEIB EMBLEMS. 

St. Saturn in us, B. M. 275 

Bull at his feet 

Dragged by a wild bull Callot. 

Strangled Ieonet Sanctorum. 

Skin torn off Weyen. 

Torn with iron hooks . Das Passional. 

St. Savina, V. 
Giving alms to a cripple . Bet Heyligen Leben. 

St. Sgholastiga, V. Abbess. 542 

Crucifix in her hand : her soul depart- 
ing in the form of a dove . Tableau de la Croix. 

Lily : dove at her feet, or pressed to 
her bosom Jameson. 

Kneeling before St. Benedict's cell Catalogue Sanctorum. 

St. Sealtiel, Archangel. 
Hands clasped on his breast . Faber's " B. Sacrament." 

St. Sebaldus, King of Denmark, 
Hermit. 8th cent. 

Pilgrim : chuich in his hand . Hans Sebald Beham. 

Albert Durer. 

Liber Cronicarum. 

Peter Fischer — statue. 
Pilgrim preaching . . . Sulitudo. 
Two oxon near him . . Ikonographie. 

Pilgrim holding up a piece of money Burgmaier. 

Pilgrim Coins of Nuremberg.. 

Crossing tho Danube on his cloak Jameson. 

St. Sebastian, M. 288 

Kneeling on one knee, offering up to 

Heaven two arrows . . . Pitti Gal — Ouercino. 
Standing, with a lily by him Louvre — Spanish Gal. — 

picture by Hern. Yanez 
~ h of arrows in his hand . Lib. Cronicarum. 



8AINT8 WITH THEIB BMBLEM8. 149 

St. Sebastian (continued). 

Bound to a tree, pierced with arrows Colney—font, 

Tableau de la Croix, 
Primer, 1516. 

Shield and three arrows . . Cologne — St. Mary's. 

In armour, holding a bow . MS. Eg B. Museum. 

Wells near him : thrown into one Die Attribute. 

St. Secundus, Hermit. 119 

Angel bringing him the B. Sacrament Die Attribute. 

Clouds over him .... Ikonographie. 

Angels burying him . . Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 

A 8 word Die Attribute. 

St. Sebapia, V. 
Tablet, or book .... Weyen. 

SS. Sebaphia and Ebasma, W. MM. 

Praying by the bodies of martyrs : 
an angel standing by them CaUot. 

St. Sebapion, M. 

Thrown off a house . CaUot. 

Thrown out of a window . Ikonographie. 

St. Sekgius, M. 290 

Angel healing his wounds . . Die Attribute. 
Shoes with spikes inside . . Ikonographie. 

SS. Sxboius and Bacchus, MM. 

Roman soldiers, bearing palm 
branches Revue de VArt Chret. 

St. Sebnin, see Satubninus. 

St. Sebvatius, B. C. 384 

Lying in an open tomb , . Callot. 

n 2 



150 SAINTS WITH THEIB EMBLEMS. 

St. Servatius (continued). 

Praying before a crucifix : dragon 

behind him .... Old Engraving. 

A key Cologne — St. Marys. 

Key in his hand : dragon at his side De Levens der Heylige. 
Asleep in the sun : an eagle shading 

and fanning him . . . Der HeyUgen Leben. 

St. Servulu8, C. 590 

A beggar lying on a pallet, listening 

to the Scriptures read to him : 

angels above with celestial music Calht. 
Choir of angels above him . Weyen. 

Seven Sleepers, MM. 250 

Whose names were — SS. Maximianus, 
Malchus, Martian, Djonysius, John, 
Sebafion, and Constantine. 

Seven men asleep in a cave . - Westminster — Chapel of 

St. Edward Conf. 
Der HeyUgen Leben, 
Callot, 
Seven men asleep : angel guarding 

them Icones Sanctorum. 

Seven men praying in a cave. 
SS. John, Constantine, and Maxi- 

mianus — each a club. 
SS. Martian and Malchus — an axe. 
St. Serapion — a torch. 
St. Dionysius — a large nail. 

St. Severianus, M. abt. 300 

Hung up, with stones to his feet IkonograpMe. 

St. Severinus, B. C. 482 

Vision of angels .... Callot. 
Church in his hand . . Capitular Seal.. 

Preaching to the people . . Die Attribute. 



8AINTS WITH THEIB EMBLEMS. 151 

St. Sevebinus (continued). 

Angels singing and playing music 

above him Weyen. 

St. Sevebinus, Ab. 0. 507 

Healing King Clovis . . Old Engraving. 

St. Sevebus of Ravenna, B. C. 890 

Weaver's loom and implements . Das Passional. 
Dove on his shoulder . . . Die Attribute. 

St. Sevebus of Rome, M. 
Nail in his head and hand . Christl. KunstsymboWc. 

St. Sevebus of Avbanches, B. 0. 

6th cent. 

A horse by his side . . . Ihonographie. 

St. Sexbuboa, Queen, Abbess. 

end of 7th cent. 

Bearing a palm branch . . Walpole Ch. — window. 

St. Sidonius Apollinabis, see 
Apollinabis Sidonius. 

St. Sidwell, or Sativola, V. M. 

abt. 740 

Scythe and well .... Exeter Cathedral — 

E. window. 
Carrying a scythe . . Oxford— All Souls Col 

Carrying her head in her hand . Exeter Cathedral — 

capitals of columns. 

St. Sigismund, K. M. 517 

Sword : two sons by him : well behind 
him Burgmaier. 

St. Silvan us, B. M. 
Devoured by a lion . . . Callot. 



152 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Silvanus, Hermit 

Watering flowers .... Engraving— private pos- 
session. 

St. Silvin, B. C. 718 

Casting out a devil . . Old Engraving. 

St. Simeon, Prophet. 

Holding the Holy Infant Jesus in 
his arm . . . ... Arbor Pastor edit. 

St. Simeon, B. M. 116 

Crucified Callot. 

As a child with his mother and 

brothers : a fish in his hand (by 

mistake, confounding him, as often 

done, with St. Simon, the Apostle) Ranworth. — S. Par close. 
As a child, holding a fish, (by the 

same mistake) .... Houghton-le-Dale — rood- 
screen. 

St. Simeon Stylites, C. 459 

Living upon a pillar . Lib. Cronicarum. 

Arbor Pastor alls. 
Scourging himself, kneeling on the 
ground ..... Tbosch. 

St. Simeon Salus, Hermit. 6th cent. 

Blowing bladders, to appear as a 

fool : children pointing at him Callot. 

Pretending to cure the blind with 

vinegar, to pass for a fool , . Ioones Sanctorum. 

St. Simon, Apostle. 

A fish in his hand . . . Ranworth — roodscreen. 

Blofield — roodscreen. 
Worstead — roodscreen. 
N. Walsham — roodscreen. 



SAINTS WITH THEIB EMBLEMS. 



158 



St. Simon (continued). 

A fish in his hand 
A fish on the leaves of a closed 
held with the leaves upwards 
Two fishes in his hand 



An oar in his hand 



book 



A fuller's bat 



A saw in his hand 



Sawed through longitudinally 

St. Simon Stock, C. 
Scapular in his hand . 



1265 



AyUham — roodtcreen. 

Trunch — roodsereen. 
Swafield — roodsereen. 
Belaugh — roodsereen. 
Tunstead — roodsereen. 
Southwold — roodsereen. 
Lessingham — roodsereen. 
Stalham—font. 
Ringland — roodsereen. 
Cawston — roodsereen. 
Sotterletf — roodsereen. 
Catalogus Sanctorum. 
Tableau de la Croix. 
Primer % 1516. 
Exeter Cathedral — statue. 
Israel v. Michien. 
Heures par J. Quentin, 

1522. 
Callot. 



Ikonographie. 



St. Simon of Tbent, M. 1472 

A child with a cross by his side . Die Attribute. 
Child with palm and long bodkin Attributed to Agostino 

Caraeei. 

crucified : a man cutting his 

breast Old Engraving. 

St Simpertus, B. C. 

Persons praying at his tomb: wolf 
before it with a live child in his 
mouth Bavaria Pia. 

Woman kneeling before him: wolf 
with a live child in his mouth . Das Passional. 



164 



SAINTS WITH THEIE EMBLEMS. 



St. SlMPLIClAN, B. C. 

Discoursing with St. Augustin 

St. Siba, V. M. 588 

A rope in her hand 

Dogs about her .... 

St. Sitha, Citha, or Zita, V. 

abt. 870 

Rosary and large key . 
Rosary : bag and keys . 



Gueflier. 



Ikonographie. 
Die Attribute, 



Rosary alone 

Two keys and three loaves 

Keys and book 

Basket of fruit on her arm 

Bag with a book . 



Book and rosary . 
Two keys 
Praying at a well . 



N. Elmham — roodscreen. 

Barton Turf— roodscreen. 

Aylsham— private posses- 
sion : formerly in St. 
James 1 Ch., Norwich. 

Denton — Church chest. 

MeUs Ch., Somerset. 

TateshaU Ch., Lincoln. 

Winchester Cathedral — 
window. 

Winchester — Col. Lib. 
window. 

Burgmaier. 

WesthaU — roodscreen. 

Norbury Ch. — window. 

Blaise. 



St. Solemni8, B. C. 
Casket, or reliquary 



Weyen. 



SS. Sophia and Daughtek, MM. 
Breasts cut off, and variously tortured Icones Sanctorum. 

St. Sophbonia, Recluse. 

Birds dropping flowers on her corpse Ikonographie. 
Writing her name on a tree . Solitudo. 

St. Sozon, M. 290 

Shoes with spikes through them , Die Attribute. 



155 

St. Sfwdios, B. C. 548 

Needles for putting out his eyes . Die Attribute. 
Giving a poor man an eel, which 
changed into gold CalloL 

Iconet Sanctorum. 

St. Stanislaus, B. M. 1070 

Martyred at the altar . CaUot. 

St. Stanislaus Kostka, C. 1586 

Two angels giving him the Holy 

Communion .... Vienna Oal. — Artois. 
One angel by his side . Die Attribute, 

Caressing Infant Saviour Pomeranda. 

St. Stephen, Protomartyr. 

Deacon holding stones in a napkin Ranwortk — N. Pardose. 
Holding stones in his robe . • Ludham — roodsereen. 

Westminster Abbey — 

statue. 
Arbor Pastoralis. 
Holding stones in his hand . Hempstead — roodsereen. 

Bavarian Coins. 
Two stones in one hand, one stone on 

his head, and palm in the other hand Tableau de la Croix. 
Deacon, holding stones in his dal- 
matic B.de Bruijn. 

The same, but one stone wounding 

his head M.S. Hours. 

Deacon : palm : stones on his head Kinesman — Lives of 

Saints. 

St. Stephen, P. M. 257 

Stabbed in his back, at the altar . Der Heyligen Leben. 
Sword in his breast . . . Weyen. 

St. Stephen of Hungaby,K C. 1038 

Carrying a legate's cross . . Revue de VArt Chret. 
Standard with a cross. 



166 SAINTS WITH THEIB EMBLEMS. 

St. Stephen, Abbot, 0. 1134 

B. V. Mary appearing with Holy 
Infant Column® milit. Eccl. 

St. Sulpicius, B. 0. 691 

Visiting the sick .... CaUot. 

St. Susanna, V. M. abt. 296 

Grown and sword .... Ikonographie. 
Crowns and sceptres before her . Weyen. 

SS. Susanna, Mabtiana, and 
Palladia, MM. 

Bearing palms: child with them 
bearing a palm .... CaUot. 

St. Swidbebt, or Swibebt, B. C. 713 

Star on his breast, or in his hand Die Attribute. 
Holding up a star . . Munich Gal. — Bart, de 

Bruin. 
Star in the curve of his crosier . Dusseldorf— pious pictures. 

St. Stlvesteb, P. C. 835 

Holding a dragon by a chain . Revue de I Art Chret. 

Baptizing Constantine the Great CaUot. 

Ox lying by his side . . . Das Passional. 

Tiara: double cross: and scroll: 

female bearing a label : Silvester ... 

see me tua salva pee . . Houghton-le-Dale — rood- 

screen. 
Angel appearing, with cross and olive 

branch Oueffier. 

St. Sylvesteb, Ab. C. 1267 

Corpse in a coffin before him . Columnce milit. Eccl. 

St. Stmphobian, M. abt. 178 

Encouraged by his mother on his 
way to martyrdom . . . Callot. 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 157 

St. Symphorosa, M. 120 

Thrown into a pit before the tyrant Bet Heyligen Leben. 
Thrown into the water : stone tied to 

her neck Gueffier. 

Blaise. 

St. Tarasius, B. C. 806 

Pictures of saints about him . Ikonographie. 
Emperor by his death bed . . Old Engraving, 

St. Tarsilla, V. 
Our B. Saviour calling her to heaven Gueffier. 



St. Tatiana, V. M. 




Exposed to wild beasts 


Callot. 


St. Telesphorus, P. M. 


154 







St. Teresa, V. 1582 

Pen and book : dove flying to her Tableau de la Croix. 

Ribalta. 
Pen and book : angel by her with a 

dart and a heart . . . Vatican — statue by F. 

Voile. 
Palm : our B. Saviour crowning her F. Philippo Lippi. 

(Probably intended for St. Teresa. J 
Kneeling : arms extended : dove over 

her Le Brun. 

Ditto : angel piercing her heart with 

a fiery dart ... Louvre. 

Crucifix and lily : holding heart with 

| Irfl S Bramantino. 

An inflamed heart in her hand . Die Attribute. 
Crucifix with four diamonds on the 

sacred wounds .... Ikonographie. 
Pleading for the souls in Purgatory Antwerp — Rubens. 



158 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 



St. Teresa (continued). 

Crowned with thorns: instruments 
of the Passion .... 



Louvre — Spanish Gal — 
attributed to Alonzo 
Cano, 



Cossey Hall Chapel — 
window. 



St. Tescelin, or Tesselin, C. 
Standing by his son, St. Bernard 

St. Thaddeus, Ap., see St. Jude. 



St. Thais, Penitent. abt. 348 

Doing penance in a cell . . Solitudo. 
Burning her jewels and ornaments Die Attribute. 

St. Tharsilla, V. 
Vision of our B. Saviour and saints C allot. 



St. Thecla, V. M. 1st cent. 

Burnt to death .... 
Led towards the fire to be burnt . 
Fire extinguished by rain : a lion 
Dragged by bulls opposite ways . 
Unhurt in the midst of wild beasts 
lion at her side : cross in her hand. 
Between two serpents. 
Serpents twined round her arms . 

St. Themistocxes, M. 
Iron caltrops near him 

St. Theobald, B. C. 
In episcopal vestments 



CaUot. 

Der Heyligen Leben. 

Oueffier. 

Old Engraving. 

Ikonographie. 



Weyen. 



Die Attribute. 



St. Theobald, C. 
Shoemaker's tools 



Hempstead— pulpit ; for- 
merly on the roodscreen. 

1150 

Ikonographie. 



SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 159 

St. Theodora, Penitent 460 

In the habit of a monk . Die Attribute. 

St. Theodora, Empress. 867 

Evil spirit taking her hand. 

Holding a ring .... Weyen. 

St. Theodore Tyro, M. 306 

Onr B. Saviour appearing to him in 

prison ..... CaUot. 
Firing the temple of Cybele with a 

torch Chartres Cathedral — 

window. 
Oueffier. 
Crown of thorns on his head . Ihonographie. 
A funeral pile .... Die Attribute. 

St. Theodore of Heraclea, M. 319 
Roman General : sword and dragon Die Heiligenbilder. 

St. Theodore, B. C. 613 

On horseback: crocodile under his 

feet Venice — Piazzetta — 

columns. 
On horseback: spearing a dragon 

with three heads . . . Coins of Montserrat. 
Trampling on the devil . . CaUot 

St. Theodosia, V. M. 308 

A stone in her hand . . . Die Attribute. 

St. Theodosius, Cenobiarch. 529 

Giving a cord to a man kneeling . CaUot. 
Bags of money by him . . . Ihonographie. 
Iron rings on his neck and arms . Die Attribute. 

St. Theodota, V. M. 318 

Heated oven Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 



160 



SAINTS WITH THEIE EMBLEMS. 



St. Theodotus, M. 
Torch and sword . 



803 



Ikonographie. 



St. Theodula, M. 3rd cent. 

Nailed through her feet to a cypress, 
and hanging by her hair upon it Die Attribute, 

St. Theoimjlus, B. C. 391 

Devil with a great bell at his feet Die Attribute. 
Sword and crosier : devil with a great 
bell at his feet .... Coins of the Bislioprie of 

Sion. 
Seated on the top of a pillar . Weyen. 



St. Theonas, Hermit. 
Sitting by a well . 

St. Thomas, Apostle. 
A spear or lance . 



Tbosch. 



A carpenter's square 



Handling our B. Saviour's wounds 



Manworth — roodscreen. 
Blofield — roodscreen. 
Sw afield — roodscreen. 
Belaugh — roodscreen. 
Ringland — roodscreen, 
Tunstead — roodscreen. 
Sotterley — roodscreen. 
Crostwick—font. 
Stalham—font. 
Tableau de la Croix. 
Primer, 1516. 
Raphael. 

Coins of Portugal. 
Isr. v. Meekenem. 
M.8 Hours. 
Antwerp — Rubens. 
St. Albans — old fresco. 



Keceiving a girdle from the B. Virgin 
at her Assumption . . Raphael. 

Fra Bartolomeo. 



8AINT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 161 



St. Thomas (continued). 

Receiving a girdle from the B. Virgin 
at her Assumption . Molanus. 

Florence Gal. — Oranacci. 
Bearing an arrow. 

St. Thomas of Canterbury, B. M. 

1170 

Pallium : crosier with battle axe head Sparham — roodscreen. 
Archiepiscopal cross . . . Stalham — roodscreen. 

Worstead — N. Pardose. 
Coney Church — window. 
Burlingham St. Andrew — 
roodscreen. 
The same, with pallium . . Attleborough — screen. 
Washing the feet of a leper . Burgmaier. 

Sword in his head, or mitre . . Ikonographie. 
Sword across the back of his head Arbor Pastoralis. 
Sword inverted : archiepiscopal cross Stoke Charity Church — 

mural painting. 
Martyred before an altar . . Oxford — Christ Church 

Cathedral. 

St. Thomas of Aquin, C. D. 1274 

Star on his breast . . . Pitti Qal. — B. Angelico, 

Star on his breast : rays from a book 

which he holds .... Louvre — Benozzo Gozzoli. 
Voice from a crucifix . . . Pisa — F. Vanni. 
Sun on his breast . . . Vaticano — Giov. Angelico 

da Fiesole. 
Dove at his ear .... Arbor Pastoralis. 
Dove on his shoulder . . . Lib. Cronioarum. 
Chalice and Sacred Host . . Molanus. 

St. Thomas of Villanova,B. C. 1555 

Bishop, with a wallet in his hand, 
and beggars about him . . Murillo. 

tyfatteo Cereso. 



162 



SAINTS WITH THEEB EMBLEMS. 



St. Thomas of Villanova (continued). 
As a boy, dividing his clothes among 



four poor boys . 



Murillo — in Lord Ash- 
burton's Collection. 



B. Thomas Cantipratanus, B. C, 0. P. 

Adoring our B. Saviour appearing in 
the ciborium .... 



St. Thomassub, 0. 1337 

Carmelite carrying water 

St. Thutael, M. 
Sawed in pieces on a cross . 

St. Tiburtius, M. 229 

Walking on red hot coals 



Woodchester— Lib. 88. 
Belgii O. P. 



Chrlstl. KunstsymboHk. 



Ikonographie. 



Die Attribute. 



St. Tillo, Tillou, Tyxlo, or 
Hillonius, C. abt. 700 

Crosier and chalice . . . Acta Sanctorum. 



St. Timon, Deacon, M. 
Burnt to death 

St. Timothy, B. M. 

A club .... 
A club and a stone 
Stoned to death . 



C allot. 



97 



NeuviUer— Church window. 
Die Attribute. 
Lambrecht. 



SS. Timothy and Maura, MM. 
Funeral pile Ikonographie. 

SS. Timothy and Symphobian, MM. 

311—178 

Scourged to death • . • Der Heyligen Leben. 



SAINTS WITH THE1B EMBLEMS. 168 

St. Titus, B. M. 1st cent. 

His face bright and beaming . Die Attribute. 

St. Tooley, see Olaus. 

St. Tosso or Tozo, B. C. 7th cent. 
Lighted torch and rosary . . Bavaria Pia. 

St. Tbophymus, M. 270 

Carrying his own eyes plucked out Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 

St. Tbyph^na, V. M. 1st cent. 

An ox near her .... Ihonographie. 

St. Teyphon, M. 
Dragged by a horse . . . Das Passional. 

SS. Tbyphon and Companions, MM. 

250 

Feet nailed to the ground . . Callot. 

Hung up : burnt with torches . Old Engraving. 

St. Ulmab, Abbot. 710 

In a hollow tree : a peasant bringing 
him a loaf Callot. 

St. Ulbic, or Udalbic, B. C. 973 

Asleep : two angels before him : one 

with the B. Sacrament, the other 

with a crosier and chalice . Der Heyligen Leben. 

Angel bringing him a chalice and a 

cross Die Attribute. 

Angel bringing him a cross . . Bilder Legende. 
The same : to him on horseback in 

battle Icones Sanctorum. 

Fish on a book. 

A fish in his hand . . . Liber Cronicarum. 

Albert Durer. 



164 8AINT8 WITH THEIB EMBLEMS- 

St. Ulric, or Udalric (continued). 

A fish in his hand . Coins of Augsburg and 

Wirtenburgh. 
Giving a fish to a poor man . Burgmaier. 

A fish near him .... Ikonographie. 
Giving a coat to a poor man . Die Attribute. 

St. Urban, P. M. 230 

Scourged at a stake . CaUot. 

Beheaded : idol falling from a broken 
column Der Heyligen Leben. 

St. Urban of Langres, B. C. 

5th cent. 

A vine at his side .... Molanus. 
Book with wine vessel upon it Tyrol — Church. 

Grapes on a missal: triple cross 

(confounding him with St* Urban 

Pope, M.J Tyrol — Marling Church. 

Open missal : two bunches of grapes 

under it Tyrol— Village, St. Peter's, 

St. Ubiel, Archangel. 

Scroll and book .... Die Attribute. 
Holding a sword across his breast: 
flames on his left hand . . Fabers " B. Sacrament" 

St. Ubsicinus, B. M. 67 

Carrying his head cut off, with palm 
branches sprouting from his neck Die HeffigenbUder. 

St. Ursmar, B. C. 713 

Casting out a devil . . . Old Engraving. 

St. Ubsula, V. M. 5th cent. 

Arrow in her hand : virgins beneath 

her mantle .... Eye, Suffolk — roodscreen. 

Arrows in her hand: virgins, as above Barnham Broom — rood- 
screen. 



' SAINTS WITH THEIB EMBLEMS. 165 

St. Uesula (continued). 

Two arrows Burgmaier. 

Arrow in each hand: virgins beneath 
her mantle .... Winchester Cathedral — 

choir window. 
One arrow in her hand . Lib. Cronicarum. 

Lorenzo di Credi. 

Primer, 1516. 
Crowned : arrow in her hand . Margheritone dArezzo. 

11 Oiottino. 

Arrow : white banner with red cross Vienna Gal. — Talma 

Vechio. 
Shot with an arrow: virgins slain 

around her .... Catalogus Sanctorum. 
Arrow and book .... lkonographie. 
Shot by two archers . . J. V. Heemsen. 

Shot at by an archer from the shore, 

she being in a ship with a pope, 

bishop, and others . Das Passional. 

Triple crown, sceptre, palm, mantle 

protecting virgins . . . Seal of Draper's Com- 
pany, London. 
Banner with cross and book . Ouido da Sienna. 

Dove at her feet .... Die Attribute. 
Ship near her, or the saint landing 

from it Christl. Kunstsymbolih. 

St. Ubsus, M. 800 

Banner and sword . . . Die HeUigenbilder. 

St. Utho, Hermit. 
Discovered in his cell by a hunter Bavaria Pia. 

St. Valentine, M. abt. 270 

A priest bearing a sword . . lkonographie. 
Giving sight to a girl . . . (huffier, 

St. Valentine of Terbacina, B.C. 812 
Raising a dead boy to life . . Die Attribute. 



166 8A1KT8 WITH THEIB EMBLEM8. 

St. Valbntius, M. 
A scythe Ikonograpkie. 

St. Valebia, V. M. . abt. 250 

Bringing her head cut off to St. 

Martial, saying Mass . Vatican — Spadarino. 

Bearing her head in her hands, with 

a coronet upon it Limoges Cathedral — 

window. 

St. Valerian, M. 3rd cent. 

Our B. Saviour animating him to 

suffer Icones Sanctorum. 

Guardian angel by him . Ikonograpkie. 

St. Valerian, B. M. 455 

Lying on the ground, exposed to the 
air Oueffier. 

St. Varus, M. 290 

A flail in his hand . Die Attribute. 

St. Vautrude, see Waltrude. 

St. Vedast, B. C. 539 

A wolf with a goose in its mouth ChrisU. Kunstsymbolik. 

A wolf before him in a thicket . Das Passional. 

* 

St. Venantius, M. 250 

Banner : a wall near him . . Die Attribute. 

St. Venantius of Tours, B. C. 

abt. 500 
Lions about him .... Die Attribute. 

St. Venantius, Abbot, C. 573 

Soul delivered from Purgatory by his 

prayers Weyen. 

Driving devils out of his cell . Oueffier. 



SAINTS WITH THEIB EMBLEM 8. 107 

St. Venebanda, V. M. 
In a ship on fire .... Weyen. 

St. Vebena, V. 8rd cent. 

B. V. Mary appearing at her death Der Heyligen Leben. 
Crown of thorns on her head Die Attribute. 

Houses washed away: figure at the 
window of a prison. 

St. Veronica, V. 

Holding a veil impressed with the 

countenance of our B. Redeemer Rome — St. Peter's — mo- 
saic after Andrea Saochi. 
Tableau de la Croix. 
Oxford — Bodleian Lib. — 
MS. 

St. Vebonus, C. 9th cent. 

Pilgrim: woman near him pouiing 
out water Die Attribute. 

St. Victob of Marseilles, M. 

3rd cent. 

In chain mail, with spear and shield Strasbourg Cathedral — 

window. 
Trampling down a Pagan altar Die Attribute. 

His foot cut off ... Icones Sanctorum. 

Millstone and sword . Molanus. 

St. Victor of Milan, M. 303 

His foot on a broken altar . . Cremona — in his Church— 

Andrea Campi. 

As a Moor Die Attribute. 

Burnt in an oven or metallic ox . Ikonographie. 

Thrown into a furnace . . . Collection of Old Engra- 
vings. 



168 8AINT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Victobu, V. M. 250 

Obtaining the destruction of a dragon 

by prayer I cones Sanctorum. 

Leaning on a sword : dragon by her 

side Missal — initial letter. 

St. Vjctobinub, M. abt 300 

Bruised to death in a mortar . Ikonographie. 

His leg or foot cut off . . Die Heiligenbilder. 

Pagan altar overturned . . Die Attribute, 

Banner and globe . . . Ditto. 

St. Victorinus, Hermit, C. 
His hands in a cleft of a tree . Guefiier. 

St. Vincent, M. 304 

Deacon holding an iron hook . Sparham — Clerestory 

window. 
8aU — S. Transept 
window. 

Iron hook Norwich — St. Peter's 

Hungate — E. window. 
His bowels torn with a hook, and his 

body burnt on a gridiron . . Catalogue Sanctorum. 
A gridiron with spikes . . . Die Attribute. 
Torn with iron hooks, and burnt with 

torches Lambrecht. 

Book and jug or ewer . . . War dour Chapel — old 

vestment. 
Crow driving wild beasts from the 
martyr's body .... Bourges and Chartres 

Cathedrals — windows. 
Two crows piloting the ship with his 

relics. 
A crow, or raven, sometimes on a 

millstone Sacred and Legendary 

Art j by Mrs. Jameson. 



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TwfciMft xnlris hub : Ri■** , » • of Ghaxxrr 



Summded by SfefiBK nf Ghazirj Porw — «dr on €*wdL 



Sz. YzKraaux, B. C 

Yowiblmeelb^ before 1dm . OH Emgrmrmf. 

St. ViBciurE. B. C. 730 

A church in las hand /fetMMynpat*. 

Couu of S«2t&?«ry. 

Sz. Yixaxjax, B. C 
Holding a church - IF^ym. 

St. Vizaixs, M. 1st cent. 

Buried aEve in a pit Zfcr Zfryttft* Ldm* 

Buried alire in a pit, with earth and 

stones cast upon him Milan — Brtra — 2%trwci(K 

Stoned Dm Attribute 

Stones in his lap: between two 

youths, each with a stone in his 

hand Old Engraving. 

With a whirlbat . Ikonographi*. 

SS. Vitaxis and Agbicola, MM. 

abt. 804 

The first, as a horse soldier, bearing 
a standard .... Veniot—Carpnooio* 



170 SAINTS WITH THBIB EMBLEMS. 



SS. Vitalis and Aobicola (continued) 



Crucified with many nails . 
Thrown into a river 
Thrown into a pit and stoned 
Buried alive .... 
A club set with spikes . 
The second, bound to a post . 



CaUot. 

Die Attribute. 

Der Heyligen Leben. 

Die Attribute. 

Ditto. 

Callot. 



St. Vitus, B. C. 285 

A cock, or cockatrice, perched on a 

book- Lib. Cronicarum. 

Coins of the Abbey of 

Corbie. 
Bonn — Cathedral. 
Boiled in a cauldron of oil . . Der Heyligen Leben. 
Holding a vessel of boiling oil . Die Attribute. 
A wolf or lion at his side . . Ikonographie. 
Fire behind him : angel bringing him 
a crown and palm . . . Old Engraving. 

St. Walbubges, or Walpurgis, 
Abbess. 780 

Oil exuding from her tomb •. Bavaria Pia. 

Oil flasks, or three ears of corn . Ikonographie, 

Three flasks on a book : an angel 
bringing her a fourth . . Die Attribute. 

Oil dropping from her hand. 

On the sea shore : oil flask on a book : 
hand raised towards a vessel de- 
parting ' Burgmaier. 

Small vial in her hand . . . Cologne — Church of St. 

Columba. 

Five ears of corn in her hand . Der Heyligen Leben. 

Seated at the door of a convent 
reading Bilder Legends. 

Kneeling before the Blessed Sacra- 
ment exposed .... Die Attribute. 

Church in her hand . . . Old Engraving. 



8AINTS WITH THEIK EMBLEMS. 17 1 

St. Walstan, C. 1016 

Crowned : in roj^al attire : holding a 

scythe and styled opifer . . Burlingham St. Andrew — 

roodsoreen. 

Leaning on a straight staff, with a 
scythe blade tied to a top . . Aylsham— private posses- 
sion: formerly in St. 
James' Ch., Norwich. 

Scythe and sceptre . . . Ludham — roodsoreen. 

Ditto : two calves below . . Barnham Broom — rood- 

screen. 

Scythe : crowned : two calves below Spar ham — roodsoreen. 

Scythe : ermine cape . . • Denton — Church chest. 

St. Walteb, B. CL 
Bird bringing him a fish . . Ikonographie. 

St. Waltheof, C. 1159 

Restoring a blind man to sight. 
Kneeling at a block at sunrise. 

St. Waltbude, or Vautrude, W. 

686 

Offering her husband a crucifix, and 
refusing a crown of roses . . Bavaria Pia. 

Abbess protecting children under her 

mantle Old Engraving. 

St. Wenceslas, M. 938 

Warrior in armour, bearing a standard Vienna Gal. — Tommato 

da Modena. 
Radislas kneeling to beg his pardon : 

angel appearing above . . Callot. 
King in armour: white eagle on a 

red banner .... Die Attribute. 

Heaping corn for altar-bread . Callot. 
Standing for a child at the font . Burgmaier. 



172 SADITS WITH THBIB EMBLEMS. 

St. Wendelin, Abbot. 1015 

Keeping sheep : dog at his feet . BUder Legende. 
Keeping sheep : dog held by a cord Der Heyligen Leben. 
Kneeling at a shrine with beads : dog 

at his feet. 
Oxen near him : dog at his feet . Burgmaier. 

St. Webenfbid, C. 600 

A ship in his hand Die Attribute. 

St. Werner, M. 1285 

A peasant boy (martyred by the Jews) Ikonographie. 

St. White, V. M., see Candida. 

St. Wilfrid, B. C. 709 

Baptizing Pagans .... Iconee 8anetorum. 
Ditto : idols broken ..." MascuH Encomia Cceti- 



tuurn. 

St. Wilgefortis, V. M. 

Crucified with ropes : red robe tied 
round her ankles : mantle extended : 
beard obtained by prayer for pro- 
tection of her chastity . . Worstead — roodscreen. 

Crucified with ropes : blue robe tied 
round her feet : mantle extended : 
beard as above .... MS. Hours. 

St. Willebrord, B. C. 738 

Placing the foot of his cross in a 

barrel Lambrecht. 

Be Levens der Heylige. 
A water cask near him . Die Attribute. 

Carrying a child .... Monographic. 
Baptizing Pepin .... Queffier. 

St. Willehad, B. C. 789 

Overturning idols . . . Die Attribute* 



8AINT8 WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 178 

St. William Firmatus, Hermit. 

Burning his arm in a fire . . Die Attribute. 
Haven conducting him to the Holy 

Land Ditto. 

A ring Ghristl. Kunstsymbolik. 

St. William of Aquitaine, H. 812 

A coat of mail upon him . . Callot. 
Receiving the habit from St. Benedict 

of Anian Bologna Acad. — Guercino. 

St. William of Norwich, M. 1187 

Child crucified .... Arbor Pastoralis. 
Crowned with thorns : holding two 

nails : knife in his left side . Wor stead — roodscreen. 
Child bound to two posts with cords, 

but one foot nailed : Jews mocking 

him, and one stabbing his left side, 

and catching the blood in a bowl Loddon — roodscreen. 
Three nails in his head, holding three 

in his right hand, and a hammer 

in his left Panel— private posses- 
sion: formerly in St. 
John's Madder-Market, 
Norwich. 
Large cross held on his right arm : 

three nails in his left hand : wounds 

bleeding in his hands and feet Eye, Suffolk — roodscreen. 

St. William of Montpellier, C. 

Lily growing out of his mouth in his 
grave : Ave Maria in gold upon it Christl. Kunstsymbolik. 

St. William of Monte Veroine, C. 

1142 

A wolf by his side . . . Die Attribute. 

Praying before an image of B. V. M. 
and Holy Infant . . Columns milit. Eccl. 



174 SAIHTS WITH THE IB EMBLEMS. 

St. William of York, B. C. 1154 

With an archiepiacopal cross N. Tnddenham — ckaned 

v window. 

Shield with eight lozenges . 8t. Albans — mural 

paintings. 

St. William of Maleval, H. 1157 

Benedietin, with armour near him 
and sword in his hand . Ikonographie. 

Shield near him with four fleors 
de lys Old Engraving, 

Hermit in coat of mail and chains, 
hearing a cross staff, one arm of it 
ending in a crescent . Burgmaier. 

St. William of Rosschild, or 
Eskille, Ab. 1203 

Torch flaming spontaneously on his 

grave Die Attribute. 

Holding model of a church . . Old Engraving. 
St. Genevieve appearing to him . Columns milit. Eccl. 

St. Willibald, B. C. 790 

Church building : bishop directing Der Heyligen Leben. 
Receiving a grant of land from a king, 

to build a monastery . Bavaria Pia. 

Word 8, 8pes, Fides, Oharitas, on a 

rational on his breast Ikonographie. 

A broken glass .... Die Attribute. 

Crosier and pilgrim's staff . . Oxford— Lives of Saints. 

Woodman before him, felling a tree Burgmaier. 

St. Willigis, B. C. 1011 

A white wheel on a red ground . Ikonographie. 

St. Winebald, or Wunebald, Ab. C. 

760 

Seated : trowel in his hand : a church 
building near him , Burgmaier. 



8AINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEM8. 175 

St. Winebald, or Wunebald (continued). 
Crosier and pilgrim's staff . . Oxford— Lives of Saints. 

St. Winifred, V. M. 7th cent. 

Carrying her head cut off. 

St. Winwaloc, or Winwaloe, 
Abbot. abt. 529 

Bell : fishes coming up at its sound Acta Sanctorum. 
Standing by the sea : children behind 
him ... . Old Engraving. 

St. Withburge, V. 743 

Church in her hand , . Barnham Broom — rood- 

screen. 
Church inscribed Ecclia de Estderham 
in her hand : two does at her feet 

looking up to her . . . Burlingham St. Andrew — 

roodscrem. 

St. Wolfgang, B. C. 999 

Church in his hand BUder Legende. 

Hatchet in his hand . Die Attribute. 

Ditto, and church near him . Burgmaier. 

Church by his side . . Ikonographie. 

Church and hatchet Raynsburgh Coins. 

Primer , 1516. 
Molanus, 
Young Emperor, with the words Post 
Sex above him .... Die Attribute. 

St. Wolstan, or Wulstan, B. C. 

1095 

Fixing his crosier in St. Edward's 
tomb: devil behind him with a 
hook Lives of Saints — F.Porter. 

St. Wulfran, B. C. 720 

A youthful king near him . Die Attribute, 



176 SAINTS WITH THEIR EMBLEMS. 

St. Wulfban (continued). 
Baptizing the son of Duke Rathbode Gueffier. 

St. Yvo, C. 1S53 

Giving aim 8 to the poor . . Callot. 
Elevating the Sacred Host, appearing 
in flames Old Engraving. 

St. Zadkiel, Angel. 
Sacrificing knife (Abraham's) . Ihonographie. • 

St. Zaphkiel, Angel. 
A wand in his hand . . • Die Attribute. 

B. Zegherus Insulen8Is, C, O. P. 

Holding up an arm . . . Woodchester — Lib. Sanc- 
torum Belgii O.P. 

St. Zenais. 

A thorn in his foot . . . Christl. Kunstsymbolih. 

St. Zeno, M. 

Reproaching an Emperor for wor- 
shipping Ceres . . . Icones Sanctorum. 

Stone in his hand . . . Weyen. 

Holding fish hooks (apparently con- 
founded with St. Zeno of Verona) Weyen. 

St. Zeno of Verona, B. C. 380 

Fishing rod and line, with a fish . Verona — in his Church. 
Fish at the end of his crosier . Morando and Liberate of 

Verona. 

Fishing Catalogue Sanctorum. 

Exorcising a possessed woman . Ditto. 

St. Zenobiu8,B- C. close of 4th cent 

Raising a child to life . . . Ohiberti — on his shrine. . 

Massaccio. 
Ghirlandajo. 



8AIXT8 WITH THBIB EMBLEMS. 1 

St. Zemobius (continued). 
Casting out devils . . Old Engraving. 

St. Zefhybixus, P. M. 219 

Holding Remonstrance with B. 
Sacrament .... Weyen. 

St. Zita, V., see Sitha. 

St. Zoa, or Zoe, M. 

Burnt to death .... CaUot. 
Hung to a tree by her hair over smoke Gueffier. 

St. Zostmus, B. C. 4th cent. 

With beggars about him . . Ihonographie. 

St. Zuibabd, Hermit. 

Seated in a hollow tree, covered with 
thorns Ihonographie. 

(Omitted in their proper places.) 

B. Alakxjs de Rufe, O. P. 

Rosary hanging with one end through 
a large ring .... National Gallery. 

St. Babboous, G. 
A horse Anglia Sacra. 

St. Bbidoet of Sweden, Wid. 1873 

As a nun: angel appearing to her, 
holding two crowns : another crown 
and sceptre beside her, who is 
kneeling Myrrour of our Lady. 



EMBLEMS OF 



^nri^trf fatqiaqcto m& fwtyts. 



Aakon — Censer, rod, vestments . G allot. 
Abraham — Firepan and knife . CaUot. 
Abdia8 — Carrying a pitcher of water 

and loaves .... Ikonographie der Heiligen. 
Amos — Shepherd's crook . . Southwold — roodscreen. 

Shepherd with sheep about him Ikonographie. 
Baruch — Scrip and knotted staff Southwold — roodscrem. 
Daniel — a lion, or among lions in 

their den .... Callot. 



Christl. Kunst8ymbolih. 

Die HeiligenbUder. 

Mattiot. 

Southwold — roodscreen. 

Die HeiligenbUder. 



ram with four horns 

praying between two lions 

arrayed as a satrap 
Davii>— Harp 

shepherd boy with sling 
Ellas — Scroll, red robe, and red cap WesthaU — roodscreen. 

fiery chariot taking him up . Callot. 

hairy man with leather girdle Mattiot. 

sword in his hand, child near him Ikonographie. 
Eltseus — two-headed eagle on his 

shoulder .... Ditto. 
Ezechiel — turreted gateway in his 

hand * Ditto. 

Gedeon — warrior, bending over a 

fleece spread out Die HeiligenbUder. 



EMBLEMS OF PATBIABGHS, ETC. 179 



Ikonographie. 

Chartres — Oathed. window, 
Chrxstl. Kunstsymbolik. 

CaUot. 
Ikonographie. 



Isaias — sawed through the middle CaUot. 
clothed with a sack . . Malliot. 
holding a saw 

bearing St. Matthew on his 
shoulders 
Jebemias — a wand in his hand 
Job — on a dunghill, his wife up- 
braiding him 
Joel — lions near him . 
Jonas — a whale and ship near him Die Heiligenbilder. 
Joseph — holding a purse . . Ditto. 
Josde and Caleb — carrying a large 
bunch of grapes on a pole, on 
their shoulders . . . Ditto. 
Malaohy — an angel near him . Ikonographie. 
Melchisedech — as priest and king Die Heiligenbilder. 
M1CHEA8 — as a prophet . Introduced in old paintinge 

of the Nativity. 
Moses — holding the tables of the law WesthaU — roodeereen. 
holding a rod and tables: his 

face horned and radiant . AyUham — roodsoreen. 
before the burning bush • Die Heiligenbilder. 
striking the rock . ChrUtl. Kunstsymbolik. 

Noe — in the ark: dove above him 

with olive-branch . . Die Heiligenbilder. 
Samson — holding the jaw-bone of an 

ass Die Heiligenbilder. 

Tobias — holding a fish . . ChrUtl. Kunstsymbolik. 

Zachabias — temple building . Die Heiligenbilder. 



END OF FTBST PABT. 



PAST SECOND. 



^VWMA^AMM^M^ 



(ftm&tyms trith ttyir Joints. 



**^*^^*%^^^^^*^^WV^» 



Abbess — standing behind her brother 

St. Bernard . . . St. 
Abbot — teaching his monks — 

Alms — given to the poor — 



given to a cripple . 

giving her only loaf in prison 
receiving . 

Alms Box — hung to his neck 
Altar — kneeling before 



lying before . 



Humbeline, V. Abbess. 
Mederio, Ab. 
Bavo, Anchoret. 
Homobonus, C. 
Medard, B. G. 
Adelard, Ab. G. 
Paulinus of Nola, B. G. 
Thomas of VQlanova, 

B. G. 
Potentiana, V. 
John the Almoner, B. C. 
Savina, V. 
Godelieve, V. M. 
Elizabeth of Hungary, 

Qu. 
John of God, G. 
Canute, K. M. 
Clement, P. M. 
Charles, B. C. 
John of the Gross, C. 
Canute, K. M. 
Catherine, V, M. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR 8AINTS. 181 

Altar — martyred at . .St. Stephen, P. M. 

— Stanislas, B. M. 

— Thomas of Canterbury, 

B.M. 
Pagan, kicking down . — Victor of Marseilles, M. 
trampling upon ... — Alexander, M. 
overturned .... — Victorinus, M. 
kneeling before, with her daughter — Bertha, Abbess. 
of our B. Lady, standing before — Bathildes, Qu. 
Anchor — Clement, P. M. 

— Felix, P. M. 

— Nicholas, B. C. 
Angel — calling him to heaven . — Gregory of Spoleto, M. 

appearing to him ... — Pachomius, Hermit. 

— Onuphrius, Hermit. 
consoling him molested by devils — Guthlac, Hermit. 
driving away evil spirits . — HUdegardis, V. 
playing music to him . . — AmabUis, C. 
showing their names in the book 

of life SS. Julian and Basilissa, 

MM. 
showing him the heavenly 

Jerusalem . ... St. Peter Nolasco, C. 
showing him eyes on a cloth — Goeric, B. C. 

shown by her to Valerian . — Cecily, V. M. 
playing on a violin to him . — Francis ofAssissium, C. 
standing by his side . — John Chrysostom, B. 

CD. 

— Stanislas Kostha, 

— Valerian, M. 
protecting him from lightning — Hugh, B. C. 
holding his inkstand . . — Matthew, Ap. Ev. 
holding open book and kneeling — Philip Neri, C. 
holding a fish on a salver . — Bertold, Ab. C. 
holding his crosier ... — Bernard, Ab. C. 
holding his plough . . — Isidore of Madrid, C. 
holding a basket of fruit and 

flowers .... — Dorothy, V. M. 

Q 



182 



EHBLEM8 WITH THEIB 8AINTS. 



Angel — freeing him from stripes 
healing his wounds 
blessinghim .... 
giving him gold 
giving him a purse of money 
bringing him a cross, or a cross 

and a chalice 
bringing him the B. Sacrament 
bringing him the B. Sacrament 

in a spoon .... 
bringing him a sword 
bringing him a fish 
bringing him monastic rule . 
bringing him the rule of his order 
bringing him gold . 
bringing him a crown and palm 
bringing him a crown . 
bringing him bread, or food in a 

bowl 

bringing him a pyx 
bringing him a fish 
putting a loaf into his wallet 
marking a cross on his forehead 
handing two silver tablets out of 

a cloud .... 
visiting two martyrs in prison 

removing his chains 
opening church door for him 

presenting him to our B. Lady 
appearing, with cross and olive 

branch .... 
leading him by the hand 
burying him .... 
giving her a lily 
presenting her to our B. Saviour 



St. Eleutherius, B. M. 

— Sergius, M. 

— Onuphrius, Hermit. 

— Magnus, C. 

— John Oldratus, C. 

— Ulric, B. C. 

— Secundus, H. 

— Mark, H 

— Mercurius, M. 

— Congail, Ab. 

— Pachomius, Ab. C. 

— Paphnutvus, B. C. 

— Eligius, B. C. 

— Vitus, B. C. 

— ApolUnaris, B. M. 

— Onuphrius, Hermit. 
B. Henry a Calstris, O. P. 
St. Boniface, B. M. 

— Felix of Cantalicio,C. 

— Humbert, B. C. 

— Cyril, C. 

88. Primus and Felicia- 

nus, MM. 
St. Quintin, M. 

— Gregory of Langres, 

B.C. 

— Herman Joseph, C. 

— Sylvester, P. C. 

— Isaac, M. 

— Secundus, H. 

— Lidwina, V. 

— Mary Magdalen of 

Pazzis, V. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIB 8AINTS. 183 

Angel — consoling her . . St. Agatha, P. M. 

piercing her breast with afiery dart — Teresa, V. 
encouraging her ... — Alena, V. M. 
conversing with her . — Reynqfla, Recluse. 

walking by her side . — Frances, W. 

appearing to her ... — Aldegondes, V. 
appearing to her on a funeral 

pile, which a cloud extinguishes — Golumba, V. M. 
extinguishing a funeral pile . — Charitina, V. M. 
above her .... — Restituta, V. M. 
on horseback, by her . . — Hildegundes, V. 
bringing a garment to cover her — Agnes, V. M. 
bringing her a flask . . — Walburge, Abbess. 
Angels— conveying his soul to heaven — Narcissus, B. G. 
administering to him the B. 

Sacrament .... — Stanislas Kostka, G. 
singing with him ... — Nicholas of Tolenti- 

num, G. 
choir of, above him . — Servvlus, G. 

choir of, playing to him B. John Sterlinus, G. 0. P. 

choir of, playing to him St. Severinus, B. G. 

doing hi 8 work of cooking for him — Didacus, G. 
defending him ... — Ladislas, K. C. 
supporting an infant on a ladder — Bathildes, Qu. 
bearing him to the altar — Peter Nolasco, G. 

making clothing for him — Homobonus, G. 

bringing him B. Sacrament and 

a crosier .... — Ulric, B. G. 
standing by him ... — Dunstan, B. G. 
vision of .... — Severinus, B. G. 

taking her up to heaven — Mary Magdalen, Pt. 

covering her with their long hair — Agnes, M. V. 
carrying her body to Mount Sinai — Catherine, V. M. 
feeding her child in the desert — Elizabeth, W. 
Anvil — in his hand ... — Adrian, M. 
his wife St. Natalia holding his 

hands on it to be chopped off Ditto. 
standing by it . . St. Eligius, B. G. 



1*4 



Afologt — presented to in Emperor 
Afpeabjkg — to Ijueian in his deep 

to St. Hd«"fonsus 
Apple — presenting to a King, and 
restoring him to sight 

presenting to the picture of the 
B. Virgin Mary . 
Abcbxb — shooting her from the shore 
Abchebs — two shooting her . 
Arithmetic and Globes — studying 
Abu — his own burning in a fire 

his own cut off 

holding up .... 
Abmoub — in battle 

in. and holding rosary . 

golden, with standard and shield 

lying near a monk 

and mitre standing 1-etween them 
Arms and Legs — his own cut off 
Abbow — wounding his knee 

shot at his breast . 

in his hand 

in the hand of each 

broken in his breast 
and sceptre . 
and cords 
in his hand 

or two arrows crossed, piercing 
a heart .... 

shot at her .... 

in her hand, or in each hand 

and white banner marked with a 
red cross .... 
Arbow8 — piercing him . 

piercing him on a gibbet 



St. Sua*, jr. 



— Lmw&f . r. jr. 

— Hdackm. B. C. 
B. Herman Jatrpk. C. 

St. rmu, r. jr. 

Ditto. 

St AnatoUm. B. C. 

— WWiam Ftwmatm^ H. 

— p<i«>ji** r jr. 

B. Zeykerm, O. P. 
St. Sabbm*. B. JT. 

— Levpold. C. 

— Aoieiu*. B. C. 

— MUliimofMaU^hH. 

— Agapetus. Jf. 

— Adrian^ M. 

— Giles, Ab. 
Ditto. 

St. Edmund. K. J/. 
&&. CosmasandDamian, 

St. Rmrmlus, M. 

— Edmund, K. M. 
Ditto. 

St. Peter Thomas. M. 

— Canute, K. M. 

— Augustin, B. C. D. 

— Christina, V. M. 

— Ursula, V. M. 

Ditto. 

St. Edmund, K. M. 

— Sebastian, M. 

— Anastatius, M. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 185 

Arrows— and knife St. Otho, B. C. 

two, and sceptre ... — Edmund, K. M. 
two, offering them to heaven . — Sebastian, M. 
two in her hand: millstone by 

her side .... — Chtistina, V. M. 
two, and a lance ... — Potentinus, M. 
three, in his hand ... — Otho, B. C. 
bunch of, in his hand — Sebastian, M. 

— Otho, B. C. 

— Faustus, M 
quiver of, offering ... — Edmund, K. M. 
and bent bow ... — Machessoge, B. C. 

Asleep — in the sun : an eagle fanning 

him — Servatius, B. C. 

St. Wolfgang appealing to him — Henry, Emp. 
under a staircase : dirty water 

thrown upon him . — • Alexius, C. 

tree above her blossoming — Etheldreda, V. 

Asperges — giving it, attended by 

angels — Conrad, B. C. 

holding, and threatening the 

devil — Robert of Kanenes- 

bury, G. 

holding — Benedict, Ab. C. 

holding — Exuperius, B. C. 

Ass— lying before him ... — Oermanus, B. C. 
attending him — Philibert, Ab. 

— Qerlach, H. 
mounted upon, and driving away 

the devil .... — HUarion, Ab. 
and crib near him ... — MarceUus, P. M. 
kneeling to the B. Sacrament — Anthony of Padua, C. 
Athanasius St. — received by him — Maximinus, B. C. 

Ave Maria — on a lily growing out of 

his mouth in his grave . — William of Montpeh 

Her, C. 
Axe — held in his hand — Matthias, Ap. 

• — Matthew, Ap. Eo. 

Q 2 



186 



EMBLEM 8 WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



Axe — held in his hand 



laid at the root of an oak 
held by our Saviour near him 
fixed in his head . 
held in their hands 



held in his hand . 

and torch 
Bag — and key, or keys . 

containing a book . 

of money in his hand 
Bags — of money near him 
Ball — and chain near him 

of fire . . ' . 
Balls — three on a book, or in his 
hand . 

three in his lap, or at his feet 

six, on a book 

six, or nine, upon his shield 
Banner — holding, at the head of his 
legion . 

with seven stars 

with six roses 

with crucifix . 

with cross and four eagles 

of the Rosary 

white, with red cross 

with a cross 

in his hand 

and globe 

and palm 

and sword 

reared by a King . 

and wall of a city . 

and a wall near him 



St. Anastasius, M. 

— Proculus, M. 

— John Damascen, G. 

— Boniface, B. M. 

— Herman Joseph, G. 

— Josaphat, B. M. 

SS. Martian and Malchus, 
two of the Seven 
Sleepers, MM. 

St. Ru/us, B. M. 

— Chrysanthm, M. 

— Sitha, V. 
Ditto. 

St. Matthew, Ap. Ev. 

— Theodosius, G. 

— Jerom Emilian, G. 

— Benedict, Ab. 

— Nicholas, B. C. 
Ditto. 

Ditto. 

St. Quirinus, M. 

— Maurice, M. 
Ditto. 

St. Peter, Ap. 

— John Gapistran, C. 

— Oereon, M. 

— Alanus deRupe, 0. P. 

— Peter Nolaseo, C. 

— Stephen, K. G. 

— John Gapistran, G. 

— Victorinus, M. 

— Julian, B. G. 

— Ursus, M. 

— Ladislas, K. C. 

— Antoninus, Ab. G. 

— Venantius, M. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR 8AINT8. 



187 



Banner — and with princely insignia 
and in armour : often on horse- 

DftCK a • • • • 

red. with white eagle upon it 
white, with red cross upon it 
Baptized — and receiving sight 
on the stage . 
by St. Matthew 
St. Nonnus standing by 

Baptizing — Pagans 

the Duke of Bavaria 
Ethelbert, King of Kent 

Con stnn tine the Great . 

a young man . 

Pepin .... 
Barefoot — carrying her shoes in her 
hand .... 

Barge 

Barn — near him . 

near her 



Barrel — setting his archiepiscopal 
cross in it . . 

shut up in 

near her 

eagle rising out of it 
Basset, or Baskets — in his hand 

of bread in his hand 

in her hand . 

near her 

of eggs in his hand 

of flowers in her hand . 

of fruit in her hand 

of fruit and a palm 

of fruit on her arm 

with pitcher in it . 



St. Leopold of Austria, C 

— Benignus of Rome, M 

— Weneeslas, M. 

— Ursula, V. M. 

— Othilia, V. Abbess. 

— Genesius, M. 

— Iphigenia, V. 

— Pelagia of Antioch, 

Penitent. 

— Wilfrid, B. C. 

— Rupert, B. C. 

— Aug us tin of England, 

B.C. 

— Sylvester, P. C. 

— Wulfran, B. C. 

— Willebrord, B. C. 

— Hedwiges, W. 

— Bertulpkus, Ab. 

— Ansovinus, B. C. 

— Bridget, or Bride, 

Abbess. 

— Willebrord, B. C. 

— Antonia, V. M. 
Ditto. 

St. John, Ap. Ev. 

— John Damascen, O. 

— Philip, Ap. 

— Joanna, Qu. 

— Frances, W. 

— Rudbert, B. C. 

— Dorothy, V. M. 
Ditto. 

Ditto. 

St. Sitha, V. 

— Joanna. 



188 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



Basset - with three apples and three 
roses, brought her by a child 
of roses 

Battle Axe — in his hand 
heading his crosier 

and cross 
Beam — and sword 
Bear 

at his side 

keeping sheep 

laden with baggage 

carrying wood for him 

drawing a plough . 

and crab tree . 

and lion .... 

seated before him . 

laying his hand on its head 

licking his feet 

fawning upon her . 

held by a chain 

devouring a man at her feet 
Beard — obtained by prayer . 



Bear's — den : a fountain within 
Bed— lying in it . 

of iron in her hand 
Beehive .... 



Beggar — near him 

making himself known to his 

parents at his death . 
listening to the Scriptures 



8t. Dorothy, V. M. 

— Elizabeth of Hungary, 

Qu. W. 

— Elphege, B. M. 

— Thomas of Canterbury, 

B.M. 

— Olave, K. M. 

— EmiUan, B. C. 

— Humbert, C. 

— Maximinus, B. C. 

— Florentius, B. C. 

— Curbinian, B. C. 

— GaUtu, C. 

— Jnraes, B. C. 

— Mang, C. 

— Blandina, V. M. 

— Edmund, K. M. 

— GaJlut, Ab. C. 

— Cerbonius, B. C. 

— Columba, V. M. 
Ditto. 

St. Columbina, V. 

— WUgefortis, V. M. 

— Paula Barbata, V. 

— Galla, V. 

— Columban, Abbot. 

— Gennanus of Parity 

B.C. 

— Faith, V. M. 

— Ambrose, B. C. D. 

— Bernard, C. D 

— John Chrysostom, 

B. C. D. 

— Medard, B. C. 



— John Cahjbite, Recluse. 

— Servulus, C. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR 8AINT8. 



189 



Beggar — near her 



at his feet 



Beggars — about him . 

Beheaded — by her own father 
with her seven sons 
and thrown into the sea 
in prison .... 

Bell — in his hand 

in hi 8 hand or hung on his staff 
and fishes .... 

Bells — two 

Bellows — held by the devil 

Benedictin — with royal insignia . 

Bird— held head downwards 
bringing him food . 
bringing him a fish 
bringing him a crown 

Birds — about him 
preaching to 

feeding out of his hand 
on a cross held by him . 
btrewing flowers on her corpse 
Bishop — walking with, over thorns 
saint standing before him 
carried out of prison 
Blessed Virgin — with Holy Infant 

Jesus 

taught to read 

with Holy Infant Jesus standing 

before him .... 
with Holy Infant appearing to 

him 



St. Elizabeth of Portugal, 
Qu. 

— John of God, C. 

— Gonzales de Amarante, 

C. 

— Zosimus, B. C. 

— Dymjma, V. M. 

— Felicitas, M. 

— Chrysogonus, M. 

— Hermenegild, M. 
B. Mutius, Ah. 

St. Anthony, Ah. 

— Winwaloe, Ah. 

— Anthony, Ah. 

— Genevieve, V. 

— Cloud, B. C. 

— Orcas, or Ozias, C. 

— Blase, B. M. 

— Walter, B. C. 

— Erasmus, B. M. 

— Conrad, C. 

— Francis of Assissium, 

C. 

— Remigius, B. C. 

— Conrad, C. 

— Sophronia, Recluse. 

— Dominic, C. 

— Gothard, B. C. 

— Felix of Nold, C. 

— Ann. 
Ditto. 

St. Anselm, B. C. D. 

— Jerom Emilian, C. 

— Hyacinth, C. 

— Stephen, Ah. C. 



190 



EMBLEMS WITH TBXIB SADO*- 



Blessed Vibois — with Holy Infant 
appearing to him 



appearing orer a prison gate 
giving him milk from her breast 
appearing to him . 

ditto in his sleep . 

ditto, and angel with pyx . 

taking his hand 
led by him in childhood 
restoring his hand cut off 
bringing bim episcopal vestments 
offering him to drink from, two 

vessels .... 
giving him a white cowl 
appearing to her . 

ditto at her death . 

Blessing — a child 

Blind Bishop — relieving the poor 

Blind — restored to sight 

man restored to sight . 
with frogs about him 

Cistercian abbess . 

daughter of a King restored to 

sight 

Block — kneeling at 

kneeling at, at sunrise 
Blowing Bladders — to pass for a fool 
Boab — near him .... 



St. Leander, B. C. 

— Emerie, C. 

B. Henry a Calstris, 

O.P. 
8t.Gebhard.B C. 

— Bemardin, G. 

— Bernard, Ab. D. 

— Cyril of Alexandria, 

C. 

— John Damaseen, B. C. 
B. Henry, O. P. 

St. Raymond, C. 

B. Alanus de Rupe, O. P. 

St. Joachim, C. 

— John Damascen, B. C. 

— Norbert, B. C. 



B. Baldwin, O. P. 
St. Alberie, Ab. C. 

— Agne$ of Monte 

Pideiano, V. 

— Verena, V. 

— Opportuna, Abbess. 

— Claud, B. C. 

— Aquilinus, B. O. 

— Birinus, B. C. 

— Sabinus, B. M. 

— Magnus, C. 

— Huvar, or Heroaus, 

Ab. 

— Lutgardis, Abbess. 

— Florentius, B. C. 

— Fabian, P. M. 

— Waltheof, C. 

— Simeon Solus, Hermit. 

— Emilion, C. 



EMBLEMS WITH THE1B SAINTS. 



101 



Boab's Head — near him 
Boat — in his hand 

in her hand .... 

saint in it 

saint in it, with cloak for a sail 



Boathook 

Boatman — in a barge 

Bodkin — in his hand 

long, in his hand 
Body — washed up by the sea 
Book* — of the Sarum use 

open, Infant Jesus standing 
upon it .... 

and hunting horn . 

stag upon it, with crucifix on 
his head .... 

and scroll .... 

pierced through with a sword 

with a wine vessel upon it 

held in a bag .... 

Books — burning before him . 
of magic burnt by him . 
three, held by a bishop . 

Bottle — and shears 

Bough — dead, in his hand . 
Bound— to a tree .... 



St. Blase, B. M. 

— Jude, Ap. 

— Mary Magdalen, Peni- 

tent. 

— Antoninus, B. C. 

— Are, B.C. • 

— Raymond of Penna- 

fort, C. 

— Jude, Ap. 

— Julian Hospitator, 

Hermit. 

— Leodegarius, or Leger, 

B.M. 

— Simon of Trent, M. 

— Quintin, M. 

— Osmund, B. C. 

— Anthony of Padua, C. 

— Hubert, B. C. 

Ditto. 

St. Uriel, Angel. 

— Boniface, B. M. 

— Urban, P.M. 

— Antoninus, B. C. 

— Sitka, V. 

— Dominic, C. 

— Cyprian, M. 

— Hilary of Poitiers, 

B.C. 
SS. Cosmos and Damian, 

MM. 
St. Acacias, B. G. 

— Sebastian, M. 



* A Book in the hand is so common in representations of Apostles, Bishops, 
Abbots, and Abbesses, that it famishes no distinctive emblem in most cases. 
It has been deemed sufficient, therefore, to note only a few instances in which 
its use is peculiar and significant. 



102 EMBLEM8 WITH THBIB SAINT8. 

Bow — bent, and arrows . St. Mackessoge, or Kessoge, 

B.C. 
in his hand , — Sebastian, M. 

Bowels — wound round a windlass — Erasmus, B. M. 
Bowl — or cup in his hand . . — Joseph Barsabat, C. 
with gold coin in his hand . — Nicholas of Tolentinum, 

C. 
and spoon at his feet, and cherries 

in his hand ... — Gerard of Monza, C. 

of water : saint holding a net over 
it : boy with fish on a plate — Anthony of Padua, C. 
Box — of ointment ... — Mary Magdalen, Peni- 

tent. 
of colours .... — Herman Joseph, C. 
Boy — riding behind a bishop on the 

same horse .... — Gregory of Nicopolis, 

B.C. 
keeping sheep ... — Magnus, C. 
dividing his clothes among four 
poor boys .... — Thomas of VUlanova,C. 
Branch — of a tree in her hand . — Bibiana, V. M. 

Bbead — Gallus, C. 

and staff .... Ditto. 

basket of, and flagon of wine St. Elizabeth of Hungary, 

Qu. 
carrying in a wallet . . — John of God, C. 

and fish — Bertold, Ab. 

handing through a window to 
three poor maids . . — Nicholas, B. C. 
Breast — his own, serving him as an 

altar — Lueian, B. M. 

burnt — Juliana, V. M.. 

Bbeasts— cut off, and lying in a dish — Agatha, V. M. 

cut off, and variously tortured — Sophia and Daughters, 

MM. 
Bbeviaby — a bishop reciting — Ludger, B. C. 

Bridge — standing upon, or thrown 

off from .... — John of Nepomucen, C. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR 8AINTS. 



108 



Bbidoe — and river near him 
Bboom — in her hand 
Bugle Hobn — blowing . 
Bulgarian Convebts — around him 
Bull — near him . 

wild, dragging and tearing him 

crouched at his feet 

of brass, burnt in it 

wild, torn by .... 

tossed by .... 
Bulls— dragged by 
Buried — alive .... 



Burning — her ornaments and jewels 
Burnt — to death .... 



together, at a stake 

legs and feet in linen oiled . 
in a pan over the fire 

in a bull of brass . 

with two thieves 
Burying — the martyrs . 



St. John Nepomucen, C. 

— Petronilla, V. 

— Eustachius, M. 

— Cyril, B. C. 

— Begnier, C. 

— Saturninus, B. M. 

— Sylvester, P. C. 

— Eustachius, M. 

— Pelagia, V. M. 

— Marciana, V. M- 

— Blandina, V. M. 

— Thecla, V. M. 

— Vi talis, M~ 

— Marcellus^Mr 

— Chrysanthus, M. 

— Thais, Penitent. 

— Poly carp, B. M. 

— Primatius, B. M. 

— Barnabas, Ap.. 

— Timon, Beaton. 

SS. Alexander and Epi- 

machns, MM.. 
St. Thecla, V. M. 

— Eulalia, V. M. 

— Euphemia, V. M. 

— Zoa, M. 

SS. Potamiana and Mar- 
oeUa, MM. 

— Eulampius and Eu- 

lampia, MM. 
St. Edessa, M. 
SS. Cyprian and Justina, 

MM. 
St. Eustachius, M. 

— Pelagia, V. M. 

— Nemesion, M. 

SS. Basilissa and Anas- 
tasia, MM. 

R 



194 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIB 8ADCTS. 



Bubia — (twisted taper) 
Caltrops — near him 
Calves — two, at his feet 
Camel — near him .... 
Caudle — in her hand 

devil trying to blow it out . 
Caps— on their heads . 

Captive— converting a king . 

kneeling at her feet, broken 

fetters in his hand 
Cardinal — holding a palm : three 

swords on the ground 
Cardinal's Hat — sometimes robes 

also 

hat 

hat and mitre before him 
Cabmelite — sword in his breast: 

palm with three crowns 
Cast — with wood, drawing . 
Cask — of wine at his feet 
Casket — or reliquary » 

and crosier .... 
Caskets — holding 

Cauldron — boiled in 

behind him .... 
in, over the fire 
of boiling lead, standing in . 
of boiling oil, standing in 

of boiling pitch, thrown into . 
Cave — cobweb over its entrance . 
saint in, beasts coming out . 
fed in from a basket by a monk 
living in .... 



St. GmdmJa, V. 

— Themistoeles, M. 

— WaUta*,C. 

— Horwnsdas, C. 

— Beatrix, V. M. 

— Genevieve, V. 

88. Comae and Damian, 

MM. 
8t. Christiana, V. 

— Radegundes, Qu. 

— Albert, B. M. 

— Bonaventure, B. C. D. 

— Jerom, C. D. 

— Peter Damian, B. C. D. 

— Joseph Calasanctius, G. 

— Angelas, M. 

— Marina, V. 

B. Guinandus, 0. P. 
St. Solemnis, B. C. 

— Opportuna, V. Abbess. 
SS. Cosmos and Damian, 

MM. 
St. Afra, M. 

— Cecily, V. M. 

— Erasmus, B. M. 

— Lucy, V. M. 

— Fausta, V. M. 

— John, Ap. Ev. 

— Felicitas, M. 

— Boniface, M. 

— Felix of Nola,C. 

— Gattus, Ab. 

— Benedict, Ab. 

— Leonard, C. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



196 



Cave — living in 
praying in 



beaten by soldiers in 
praying in, before a cross 
hid in with his people . 
discovered in by hunters 
lions in . 



living in with her infant 
with a cross and a skull 

Cell— doing penance in 

Chafing Dish 

Chain — broken in his hand . 



part of, thrown down a precipice 

and ball near him . 

in his hand .... 

round her : holding a discipline 
in her hand .... 



Chains — in his hand 
and sword 
loaded with . 
falling off from him 
standing bound with 

with caltrops, holding 
broken miraculously 
of captives, kissing them 
on their shoulders 
near her 
Chained— in prison 



St. Sabas, Ab. G. 

— Arnulphus, B. G. 
8S. Barlaam and Josa- 

phat, MM. 
St. Privatus, B. M. 
Ditto. 
St. Qatian, B. G. 

— Blase, B. M. 

— Macarius of Borne, 

Hermit. 

— Genevieve of Brabant. 

— Rosalia, V. 

— Thais, Penitent. 

— Agatha, V. M. 

— John ofMatha, G. 

— Ferreolus, B. M. 

— Felix of Valois, G. 

— Adjutor, G. 

— Jerom Emilian, G. 

— Peter Nolasco, C. 

— Jerom Emilian, G. 

— Badegundes, Qu. 

— Justina, V. M. 

— Bridget, W. 

— Balbina, V. 

— Leonard, G. 

— John of Janina, G. 

— Ferreolus, B. M. 
Ditto. 

St. Ignatius, B. M. 

— Columba, V. M. 
•— Mederic, Ab. G. 

— Forgel, M. 

— Balbina, V. M. 
SS. Marana and Gyra. 
St. Balbina, V. M. 

— Peter, Ap. 

— Felix ofNola, G. 



196 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



Chalice 

with Sacred Host 



appearing to him 

in the entrance of a tower 

in her hand . 

with a spidei in it . 

with a spider above it 

and crosier 

and hammer . 

and sword 

and Book of the Gospels 



at his feet, or kneeling before it 
in her hand .... 
Changing — holy water into oil 
Charcoal Burner — or collier, chosen 
bishop .... 

Charger — mounted on, encouraging 
to the conquest of the Moors 



8t. Ewcdd (the White J. 

— Thomas of Aquin, 

CD. 

— John a Facundo, C. 

— Paschal Baylon, C. 

— Barbara, V. M. 
Ditto. 

St. Norbert, B. C. 

— Conrad, B. C 

— TtUon, C 

— Eligius or EM, B. C 

— Ewald (the BUtekJ. 

— John Chrysostom, 

B. C D. 

— Richard, B. C 

— Othilia, V. 

— Narcissus, B. C 

— Alexander Carbona- 

rius, B. M. 



— James the Greater, 

Ap. 
Chariot — fiery, taking him to heaven — Francis of Assissium. 

C 

— Conon, M. 



harnessed to, with horses 
" Charitas" — the word appearing to 

him reading 
Chasuble — held by a friar 

filled with stones . 
Cherries — in his hand; bowl and 

spoon at his feet 
Chest — open, full of gold, martyred 
before it ... . 
open, with bags of money 

open, standing before it 
Chests — of treasure, three before him 



— Francis of Paula, C 

— Louis, B. C 

— Elphege, B. M. 

— Gerard of Monza, C 

— Runiold, B. M. 

— Acacius of Amid a, 

B.C. 

— Etheldreda, V. 

— Gumtramnus, C. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



197 



Child — the Holy Jesus putting a loaf 
into his wallet . 
raised to life by him 
in his arms, or on the ground 
carried by a bishop 
crucified 

holding a cross and nails 

holding nails, and nails in his 
head .... 

with a cross by him 

with palm 

with palm and cross 

with palm and bodkin 

giving his clothes to the poor 

standing for at the font 

at his feet 

holding a spoon or shell near him 

bringing her fruit and flowers 

Children — looking up to their 

guardian .... 

pointing at him, who is blowing 
bladders .... 
Children, Two — holding swords 

one on her knee, the other before 
her 

three in a tub, or kneeling before 
him .... 

three coming out of a chest 

three holding swords 



four about her 

nine about her 

several about him . 

behind him 

protected under her mantle 



St. Felix of Cantalicio, C. 

— Zenobius, B. C. 

— Brice, B. C. 

— WUtibrord, B. C. 

— Hugh of Lincoln, M. 

— William of Norwich, M. 
Ditto. 

Ditto. 

St. Simon of Trent, M. 

— James the Less, Ap. 

— Hugh of Lincoln, M. 

— Sitnon of Trent, M. 

— Casarius, B. C. 

— Wenceslas,M. 

— Machutus, B. C. 

— Augustin, B. 0. D. 

— Dorothy, V. M. 

The Choir of Angels. 

St. Simeon Salus, Hermit. 
SS. Justus and Pastor, 
MM. 

St. Salome. 

— Nicholas, B. C. 
Ditto. 
SS. Faith, Hope, and 

Charity, VV. MM. 
St. Mary of James. 

— Notkburga, W. 

— Joseph Calasanctius, G. 

— Winwaloe, Ah. C. 

— Waltrude, W. 

— Ursula, V. M. 

r 2 



198 



EMBLEM8 WITH THEIB SAINTS. 



Chobisteb — by him, holding a wax 

candle .... 

Church— in his hand . 



or monastery in his hand 
with three towers in his hand 
in her hand .... 



on her head as a crown . 

of East Dereham in her hand 

of Jerusalem in her hand 

of the monastery of Lorsch held 

up in his cloak 
Lateran, propped up by him 



8t. Elate, B. M. 

— Jerom, G. D. 

— Nicholas, B. C. 

— Lodger, B. G. 

— Lawrence, M. 

— Gemmianus, B. C. 

— Cutdbert, B. G. 

— Delphinus, B. C. 

— Robert of Newminster, 

Ab.C. 

— Sebaldus, Hermit. 

— Virgilius, B. G. 

— Leopold IV. of Aus- 

tria. 

— Amandus, B. G. 

— Godfrey, C. 

— Wolfgang, B. G. 

— Severinus, B. G. 

— Vitalian, B, G. 

— Fulgentius, B. G. 

— William of Eskille, 

Ab.G. 

— Botolpk, Ab. 

— Maternus, B. G 

— Gunegundes, Empress. 

— Milbwrge, Abbess. 

— Walburge, Abbess. 

— Ida, Widow, 

— Elizabeth of Hungary, 

Qu. W. 

— Rictrudes, Abbess. 

— Barbara, V. M. 

— Withburge, V. 

— Hden, Empress. 

— Nazarius, M. 

— Francis of Assissium, G. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR 8AINTS. 



109 



Church — a king and bishop holding 

it 

building, bishop directing it 

vessels, carrying 

and sword 

and spear 

and hatchet 

and sceptre 

and banner 
Churches — building 
Ciborium — and statue of B. V. Mary, 

our B. Saviour appearing in it 

City — guarded .... 

of Bologna in his hand . 
Clerical Cap— and dress 
Cloak — divided with a poor man 

spread out before him 

sailing upon it on the sea 

standing upon it on the sea . 

crossing the Danube upon 

hung on a sunbeam 

set up for a sail on the sea . 

of palm or box leaves, clothed 

with , 
child giving his own to the poor 
boy dividing his among four poor 

boys 

Clothing — his monks . 

the poor .... 

Clouds — above him 
Club, fuller's — in his hand . 

Club — in his hand 



St. Oislerius, C. 

— WtUibald, B. G. 

— Perpetuus, B. C. 

— Acacius, B. G. 

— Henry, Emperor. 

— Garadoc, Hermit. 

— Wolfgang, B. G. 

— Mauront, Ab. 

— Leopold IV., C. 

— Magnus, B. G. 

— Hyacinth, C. 

B. Thomas Cantipratanus, 

O.P. 
Choir of Archangels. 
St. Petronius, B. G. 

— Alban, M. 

— Martin, B. G. 

— Alban, M. 

— Hyacinth, G. 

— Francis "of Paula, G. 

— Sebaldus, K. H. 

— Gothard, B. G. 

— Eaymund of Penna- 

fort, C. 

— Paul, Hermit. 

— Casarius, B. C. 

— Thomas of ViUanova, 

B. C. 

— John Gualbert, Ab. 

— Odo, Ab. C. 

— Secundus, Hermit. 

— James the Less, Ap. 

— Simon, Ap. 

— Eugenius, M. 

— Telesphorus, P. M. 



900 



EMBLEMS WITH THE IB 8AINTS. 



Club — in his hand 



largo 

set with spikes 

beaten with 
by the devil . 



of lead 
killed by 



and sword .... 
martyred with 

and stone .... 
Clubs — beaten with 

Coals — hot , 

hot in his lap, vestment, or hand 

walking over . 

standing, or sitting upon 

holding incense over 

acolyth bringing in his surpli< 
Coat— giving to a beggar 

of mail .... 



ce 



next to his skin 
Cook — crowing near him 

near him .... 
•trice on a book 

vcoal burner, chosen 



88. John, Constantine, 
and Maximum, 
MM. (of the Seven 
Sleepers). 

St. Fabian, P. M. 

— Boniface, B. M. 

— Andreolus, M. 

— Ewald (ike White). 

— Nicomedes, M. 

— Vitalis, M. 

— Lambert, B. M. . 

— Apollinaris, B. M. 

— Nicholas of Tolenti- 

num, C. 

— Eusebius, M. 

— Pantaleon, M, 

— Dorotheus, B. M. 

— Arcadius, M. 

— Magnus, M. 

— Timothy, B. M. 

— Valentine, M. 

— Ewald, M. 

— Tiburtius, M. 

— Brioe, B. C. 

— Salvator ab Horta, C. 

— ApoUinaris, B. M. 

— Cyrilla, M. 

— Lambert, B. M. 

— Ulric, B. C. 

— Dominic Loricatus, G. 

— William of Maleval, 

Hermit. 
B. Robert, C. 
St. Peter, Ap. 

— Marius, Hermit. 

— Vitus, B. C. 

— Alexander Carbona- 

rius, B. M. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



201 



Combs — iron, torn with 
Comedian — declaring himself a 

Christian .... 
Commission — to preach, receiving 

from SS. Peter and Paul 
Communion — received in the desert 



St. Blase, B. M. 
— Porphyrias, M. 



— Dominic, G. 

— Mary of Egypt, 

Penitent. 
received from St. Maximin . — Mary Magdalen, 



from an angel 
from two angels 
by a man possessed 

given by him to an angel 
Confession — of the Empress, hearing 
Confessional — seated in : a man de- 
tected in an attempt on his life 
Consecrated — by St. Martin: dove 

descending ... 

Cope — or white vestments brought 

him by the Blessed V. Mary 
Cord — knotted, and lily 

in her hand, or about her neck 
Cords — in one hand, arrow in the other 

in her hand .... 
Corn Field — saint in, sickle near her 
Coronet — at his feet 
Corpse — with one hand cut off 

in a ship sailing against the 
stream 

in a coffin before him 
Countenance — beaming 
Cow — wild, by her side 

red, by her side 
Cowl — white, received from the B. 

Virgin 
Cows — condemned to keep . 

and oxen about him 



Penitent. 

— Bonaventure, B. G. D. 

— Stanislas Kosika, C. 

— Oaudentius of Rimini, 

B.M. 

— Magloire, B. G. 

— John Nepomueen, M. 

— Norbert, B. G. 

— Mauritius, B. G. 

— Ildefonsus, B. G. 

— Elzear, C. 

— Sira, V. M. 

— Edmund, K. M. 

— Beatrix, V. M. 

— Nothburga, V. 

— Elzear, G. 

— Athala, V. 

— Melanius, B. C. 

— Sylvester, Ab. C. 

— Titus, B. M. 

— Perpetua, M. 

— Modwena, V. Abbess. 

— Alberic, Ab. C. 

— Armogastes, G. 

— Etto, G. 



202 EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 

Crab-tree — and bear St. Mang, G. 

Crawling — on his hands and feet — Onvphrius, Hermit. 
Cripple — clothed .... — Elizabeth of Hungary , 

Qu. 
giving alms to — John the Almoner, C. 

Crocodile — under his feet . — Theodore, B. G. 

Crosier— and pilgrim's staff — Maternus, B. G. 

— Wvnebald, Ab. G. 

— WUUbald, B. G. 
brought him from heaven — Abercius, B. G. 
held by an angel near him — Bernard, Ab. D. 
fixed in St. Edward's tomb . — Wolttan, B. G. 
with a fish hanging from it . — Zeno, B. G. 

with a battle axe head . — Thomas of Cant., B. M. 

and book, or budding staff — Etheldreda, V. 

and mitre on the ground — Macarius, B. G. 

Crosiers — two, and Archbishop's 

cross, all held in his left hand — Dubricius, B. G. 
Cross — tall, T, or triple in his hand — Philip, Ap. 

— Matthew, Ap. 

— Michael, Archangel. 

— Nestor, B. M. 

— Allan, M. 

— Francis ofAssissium, 

G. 

— Didacus, G. 
in her hand .... — Hedwiyes, W. 

— Agnes, V. M. 

— Eulalia, V. M. 

— ThecU, V. M. 
cap and wallet ... — Bridget, W. 
inverted, carrying ... — Jude, Ap. 

legate's — Stephen, K. C. 

archbishop's, double or triple 

barrel — Gregory Great, P. CD. 

archbishop's, and two crosiers — Dubricius, B. C. 
>r : saint standing 

— Ferannon, Ab. G. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIB SAINTS. 



203 



Cboss — large 

with little birds upon it 

in the heavens : looking up to it 

luminous, appearing . 

reached to him by a hand 
short, in his hand . 
brought him by an angel 

near him ... 

made of boughs 

short, in his hand . 

in his hand: standing before a 

river 

in his arm, or above him 

red, on his breast . 

in his hand .... 

on his shoulder 

on his shoulders 

saltier 

in the background 

red and blue, on his cloak and 

scapular .... 
tall, by his side 



and three nails 

and Lamb .... 

in his hand : sword under his feet 

and battle axe 

wayside, his sick son laid before 

and sceptre 

and lamb 

in her hand 

in her arm 

with crosslets 

and book 



St. Acacius, B. C. 

— Conrad, C. 

B. Robert of Salmtum, C. 
St. Peter of Alcantara, C. 

— John the Silent, B. C. 

— Boniface, B. M. 

— Odo, Ab. C. 

— Ulrie, B. C. 

— Didacus, C. 

— Sampson, B. C. 

— Peter of Alcantara, C. 

— Bernward, B. C. 

— Romanus, B. M. 

— Peter of Alcantara, C. 

— John Capistran, C. 

— Herman Joseph, C. 

— Davinus, C. 

— Didacus, C, 

— John of the Cross, C. 

— Andrew, Ap. 

— Benignus, M. 

— Felix of Vahis, C. 

— Dismas, the good thief. 

— William of Norwich, 

M. 
Ditto. 
St. John Baptist. 

— KUian, B. M. 

— Olave, K. M. 

— Richard, K. C. 

— Oswald, K. M. 

— Joanna, W. 

— Bridget of KUdare, V. 

— Cornelia, V. M. 

— Clare, V. 

— Catherine of Sienna, V. 



204 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIB SAINTS. 



Cross — black, in her hand . 

Cross-Staff— one arm ending in a 
crescent .... 

marked on her heart 

and Instruments Of the Passion 

bound to, and torches applied to 

her 

short, double-barred, in her 

hands 

Crow, or Raven — or two, guarding 

his remains 
Cbown of Thorns — in his hand . 
on his head .... 



on her head . 



on her head : heart in her hand — 

with sharp points on her head — 

Crown — or three crowns at his feet — 

brought him by an angel 

by a bird 

golden, in his hand 

at the feet of a pilgrim 

of a hermit 

and sword 

near a possessed girl 

and sword 



at her feet 



8t. Margaret of Scotland, 
Qu. 

— William of Maleval, 

Hermit. 

— Bridget of Sweden, W. 

— Helen, Empress. 



Regina, V. M. 

Bona, V. 

Vincent, M. 
Louis, K. C. 
Francis of Assissium, 

C. 
Theodore Tyro, M. 
John of God, C. 
William of Norwich, 

M. 
Catherine of Sienna, V. 
Teresa, V. 
Verena, V. 
Mary Magdalen of 

Pazzis, V. 
Rose of Lima, V. 
Louis, B. C. 
ApoUinaris, B. M. 
Erasmus, B. M. 
Jehudiel, Archangel. 
Richard, K. C. 
Jodoc, Hermit. 
Alcmund, M. 
Cyriacus, M. 
Susanna, V. M. 
Febronia, V. M. 
Catherine, V. M. 
Radegundes, Qu. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



205 



Crown — on a table before her 

celestial, brought by an angel 

triple, in her hand 

and princely attire near her . 

double, or triple 

Crowns — two brought by an angel: 
another beside her 

three, over his head 
on a palm branch . 



St. Osith, Qu. V. Abbess, 
M. 

— Gertrude of NiveUes, 
V. 

— Ann, W. 

— Hedwiges, W. 

— Elizabeth of Hungary, 
Qu. 

— Bridget of Sweden, 
Wid. 

— Peter, M. 

— Angelas, M. 

— Elizabeth of Hungary, 
Qu. W. 

— Lucy, V. M. 

— Catherine of Sienna, 
V. 

— Susanna, V. M. 

— Bridget, W. 

— Duns tan, B. C. 

— Thomas of Aquin, CD. 

— Aloysius, C. 

— Bruno, C. 

— Vincent Ferrer, C. 
B. Andrew, 0. P. 
St. Bruno, C. 

— John Gapistran, C. 

— Bruno, C. 

— Ditto. 

image on it bending towards him — John Oualbert, Ab. 
blessing him with right hand — Nilus Younger, Ab. 
rays of light from ... — Bonaventure, B. C. D. 
and lily, or crucifix on a heart — Catherine of Sienna, V. 
with lily twined round it . — Nicholas of Tolenti- 

num, C. 
and sacred heart appearing in 
flames .... — Erentrude, V. Abbess. 

s 



over her head 

and sceptres before her 
Crowned Figure — appearing to her 
Crucifix — voice proceeding from 

lily and discipline . 

in his hand .... 



on a palm branch . 
pointing to it . 
ends blossoming . 
foliage springing from 



206 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIB SAINTS. 



Crucifix — offering to her husband on 
her knees .... 
standing before her 
with four diamonds on the 

wounds .... 
red Jerusalem one, in her hand 
in her hand .... 



8t. Waltrude, Y. 
— Maura, V. 



kneeling before it . 
Crucified— with his head downwards 

Crucified 



child 

child, breast cut with knives 
bishop : two mallets below 
with many nails 
with ropes .... 

over a fire .... 
female with the beard of a man 

Cbuets — three on a book 

Cuirass Hot — put on him 

Cup — or bowl in his hand 
on a book, or in his hand 
bursting, or falling to pieces 
and serpents issuing from it 
serpent or dragon coming out 
of it 



and dagger, or cup alone 
with serpent near it 
with a diamond in it 
and staff 



— Teresa. V. 

— Bridget, W. 

— Joanna, Queen. 

— Columba, V.M. 

— Monica, W. 

— Bridget, W. 

— Peter, Ap. 

— Philip, Ap. 

— Simeon, B. M. 

— Alexander, M. 

— Didymus, M. 

— ApoUqnius, M. 

— Wm. of Norwich, M. 

— Simon of Trent, M. 

— Dionysius, B. M. 

— Vitalis, M. 

— Nestor, B. M. 

— Julia, V. M. 

— Eulalia, V. M. 

— Wilgefortis, V. M. 

— Hey drop, B. C. 

— Erasmus, B. M. 

— Joseph Barsabas, B. C. 

— Benedict, Ab. 

— Ditto. 

— Ditto. 

— John, Ap. Ev. 

— Edward, K. M. 

— Portianus, Ab. C. 

— Edward, K. M. 

— James of Marchia, C. 

— Lupus of Sens, B. C. 

— Chamael, Angel. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIB SAINTS. 



207 



Cup — refusing at the King's table 

of wine in her hand 

and palm branch 
Cups — two .... 

hung from his neck 
Curing — a wounded youth . 
Cut — or wound across his head 
Dagger . 



and sceptre 
and cup . 
and falcon 
and sword 
and palm 



Dart — or lance 
Darts — in their hands 

Deacon . 

Dead — raised to life 



raised to life after having been 
hanged .... 

coming forth from the grave . 
young nobleman raised to life 
boy raised to life 
child raised. to life . 

killed by a wolf, raised to life 

found so in her cell 
Deer — at his feet .... 
Defending — Brescia 

Desert — found in, by Zosimus . 

Devil — in the shape of a scorpion 



St. Lambert, B. C. 

— Joanna, Qu. 

— Lucy, V. M. 

— Odilo, Ab. 

— John of God, C. 

— Dominic, C. 

— Peter, M. 

— Olau8, or Olave, K. M. 

— Canute, K. M. 

— Edward, K. M. 

— Ditto. 

— Ditto. 

— KUian, B. M. 

— Bibiana, V. M. 

— Agnes, V. M. 

— Lambert, B. M. 

SS. Cosmas and Damian, 

MM. 
St. Quintin, M. 

— Maodmus of Riez, 

B. C. 

— Martial, B. C. 

— Hugh of Grenoble, 

B.C. 

— Fridolin, Ab. C. 

— Mansuetw, B. C. 

— Eleutheruu, Ab. 

— Zenobius, B. C. 

— Anthony of Padua, C. 

— Poppo, Ab. 

— Pelagia, Penitent. 

— Henry, Emperor. 

SS. Famtinus and Jovita, 

MM. 
St. Mary of Egypt, 

Penitent. 

— Demetrius, M. 



208 



EMBLEM8 WITH THE1B SAINTS. 



Devil — on his shoulder 

in the form of a young woman 
of a goat .... 
beating him with a club 



driven away by the sign of the 

cross 

driven away with a wand 

carrying a man away 

cast out of a man by the cross 

cast out of a boy . 

cast out of a woman 

cast out of a woman led by a rope 

cast out 



tempting him 

shouldering a pickaxe, driven off 

by a bishop 
driven away by a cross . 

held by a chain 

cast out near him . 
vanquished .... 

chained 

driven off a large stone . 
driven out of people 

issuing from a child's mouth 
issuing from a man at Com- 
munion .... 

trampled upon 

and held down by his staff . 



St. Goar, Hermit. 

— Albert, Carmelite, C. 

— Anthony, Ah. 

— Apollinaris, B. M. 

— Nicholas of Tolenti- 

num, C m 

— HUarion, Ah. 

— John of Mather a, Ah. 

— LandeUn, Ah. 

— Linus, P. M. 

— Hidulphus, B. C. 

— Zeno, B. C. 

— Hermes, M. 

— Melanius, B. C. 

— Savin, B. C. 

— Ursmar, B. C. 

— Bridget of Kildare, 

V. Abbess. 

— Nathaniel, Anchoret. 

■ Adjutas, B. C. 
Mafiarius of Alexan- 
dria, Hermit. 

Bernard, Ab. C. 

■ Cyriacus, M 
Oeminianus, B. C. 
Anthony of Padua. 
Norbert, B. C. 
Oswald, B. C. 
John Thaumaturg'us, 

B.C. 
Oswald, B. C. 

Gaudentius of Rimini, 

B.M. 
Theodore, B. C. 
John Gualbert, Ab. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



209 



Devil — pierced through the head 
with the foot of a crosier . 
at his feet .... 



with a large bell 
under his feet, or chained near 
him .... 

behind him with a hook 
seized with hot pincers 
overcome by the cross . 
trampled upon 
mocking by her side 

annoying her at her prayers 

led bound 

held by a rope, or chain, and 

scourged 
taking hold of her hand 
throwing her into a well 
on her shoulder, or at her feet, 

with a pair of bellows 
Devils — disturbing him at his 

prayers 
casting them out . 

driving out of his cell . 
put to flight . 

by the cross 



chained and scourged . 
howling at his feet, one pierced 
through the head with a crosier 
driven out of a Pagan temple 

about him 



St. Benedict, Ab. 

— Michael, Archangel. 

— Norbert, B. C. 

— Anthony, Ab. 

— Theodulus, B. C. 

— Bartholomew, Ap. 

— Cyriacus, M. 

— WoUtan, B. C. 

— Dunstan, B. C. 

— Justina, V. M. 

— Euphrasia, V. 

— Gertrude of NiveUes, 

Ab. 

— Madelberte, V. Abbess, 

— Dympna, V. M. 

— Juliana, V. M. 

— Theodora, Empress. 

— Euphrasia, V. 

— Genevieve, V. 

— Cuthbert, B. C. 

— Conrad, B. C. 

— Zenobius, B. C. 

— Venantius, Ab. 

— Guthlac, Hermit. 

— Philip, Ap. 

— Macarius Alex., 

Hermit. 
Choir of Powers. 

St. Benedict, Ab. 

— Gregory Thaumatur- 

gus, B. G. 

— Peter Celestin, P. C. 

s 2 



210 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



— Lupus of Sens, B. G. 



Devils — tormenting her St. Lucy, V. M. 

Diamond — falling into his chalice at 

mass 

giving it from the altar to K 

Cloiaire .... 
Digging — in a garden . 
Discipline — in his hand 



holding up ... — 

in her hand .... — 

lily and crucifix ... — 
Dish — silver, broken up to relieve 

the poor .... — 
Dish — in his hand, collecting money 

for pilgrims ... — 

in his hand .... — 

Discoursing — with St. Augustin . — 

Distaff — in her arms ... — 

spinning with ... — 

Doe — near him .... — 

Does — two, looking up to her . — 

Dog — at his feet .... — 

white with red back — 

at his feet .... — 

near him .... — 

with a loaf in his mouth . — 

licking his wounds — 

with a torch, firing a globe . — 
mad, killed by the sign of the 

cross — 

dead, near him ... — 

Dogs — by her .... — 

Dolphin — 

Dolphins — two, supported by them — 

Dominician — with a mitre near him — 

Doorway — standing in . . . — 



Ditto. 
Fiacre, G. 

Dominie Lorieatus, G. 
Amber t, B. G. 
Radegundes, Qu. 
Mary of Egypt, 

Penitent. 
Aloysius Gonzaga, G. 

Oxicald, K. M. 

Gyriacus, M. 
Odulph, C. 
Simplician, B. G. 
Rosalia, V. 
Genevieve, V. 
Maximus of Turin, 

B.G. 
Withburge, V. 
Bernard, Ab. D. 
Ditto. 

Wendelin, G. 
Benignus, M. 
Roch, G. 
Ditto. 
Dominic, G. 

Parthemius, G. 
Godfrey, B. G. 
Sira, V. M. 
Martinianus, H. 
Calistratus, M. 
Antoninus, B. G. 
Anthony, Ab. G. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



211 



Dormice — and mice about her 

Dove 

appearing to proclaim him bishop 
at his ear .... 



or at his shoulder . 

at his head ... 
at his ear at Mass . 

at his ear, or on his shoulder 

on his shoulder 



on his head 
lily and book . 

over his head . 



on his head .... 

on his left arm 

in his hand .... 

bringing him the £. Eucharist 

bringing him a holy Chrism box 

descending to her . 

bringing her a ring 

flying to her .... 



on her head 
over her head 



St. Gertrude ofNivelles, V. 

— Fabian, P. M. 

— Evortius, B. C. 

— Peter of Alcantara, C. 

— Hilary of Aries, B. C. 

— Peter Celts tin, P. C. 

— Gregory Great, 

P. C. D. 

— Basil, B. C. D. 

— Cunibert, B. C. 

— Dunstan, B. C. 

— Thomas of Aquin, 

CD. 

— David, B. C. 

— Severus of Ravenna, 

B.C. 

— Cunibert, B. C. 

— Columba de Pomitentia 

S«. Dom., V. 

— Louis, K. C. 

— Peter of Alcantara, C. 

— Oswald, K. M. 

— Medard, B. C. 

— Hilary of Aries, B. C. 

— Dunstan, B. C, 

— Mauritius, B. C. 

— Eunurchus, C. 

— Basil, B. C. D. 

— Edward, K. C. 

— Albert, C. 

— Remigius, B. C. 

— Marina, V. 

— Agnes, V. M. 

— Cornelia. 

— Teresa, V. 

— Regina, V. M. 

— Catherine of Sienna, V. 

— Ida. W. 



212 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



Dote — her soul departing in the 
form of 
at her feet, or pressed to her 
bosom .... 

Dotes— in a basket 

three, white, over him 
Deagged — by a horse 
b j wild horses 

by the neck .... 
by her feet, and stoned . 
Deacon — by his side, or pierced with 
his spear, or sword 

killed with a cross . 

held by him in a chain . 

at his side, or behind him 



at his feet .... 
at his side, or with stole round 

its neck .... 
led by him, with a stole round 

its neck .... 
under him, or chained near him 
driven away by him 
holding the foot of his crosier 
with three heads, speared 
with seven heads, led by him 

by her side .... 
held by her in a chain or rope 
trampled upon by her . 
delivering a man from it 
vanquished by a crucifix 

ved through her prayers 



8t. 8cholastica, V. 

— Ditto. 

— Joachim, C. 

— Medard, B. G. 

— Tryphon, M. 

88. Martinian and Satu- 

rian, MM. 
St. Mark, Ev. 

— Cointha, V. M. 

— George, M. 

— Michael, Archangel. 

— Florentinus Vindemia- 

lis, B. G. 

— Sylvester, Pope G. 

— John of Rheims, G. 

— Servatius, B. G. 

— Theodore of HeracUa, 

M. 

— Longinus, M. 

— Romanus, B. G. 

— Marcellus, B. G. 

— Gyriacus, M. 

— Julian of Mans, B. M. 

— Amandus, B. C. 

— Theodore, M. 

— Qermanus of Auxerre, 

B.C. 

— Victoria, V. M. 

— Juliana, V. M. 

— Elizabeth, Abbess. 

— Anatolia, V. M. 

— Martha, V. 

— Victoria, V. M. 



KMBLEM8 WITH THEIR 8AINT8. 



213 



Dragon — at her feet, or bound with 

her 

pierced by her : under her feet, 
or the saint rising out of it 
Dromedary — riding bound upon it 
Drowned— in the sea 

in the Tiber .... 
youth brought to life 
with a stone hung to her neck 
. with leaden weights to his neck 
Dying— on a mat under a shed 

on a mat in his cell: monks 

around him 
in sackcloth and ashes 
in a penitential habit 
Eagle — before him, or above him 
before him .... 

sheltering him from rain 

fanning him sleeping in the sun 

bearing him on its back 

rising out of a barrel 

near him 

at her side 
Ear — of corn 

Ears — of corn, three or five 
Earthen — vessel 

vessels . 

Ecbtacy — a nun in, supported by two 
angels .... 

Eel — given to a poor man, turning 
into gold .... 

Emperor — young : words Post Sex 
above him .... 
reproached for worshipping 
Ceres 



St. Martha, V. 

— Margaret, V. M. 

— Julian of Ctiicia, M. 

— Apollonius, M. 

— Pigmanian, M. 

— Hyacinth, C. 

— Symphorosa, M. 

— Justus, M. 

— Francis Xavier, C. 

— Mamertinus, 0. 

— Landelin, Ab. C. 

— Regnier, C. 

— John, Ap. Ev. 

— Gregory Great, 

P. C. D. 

— Bertulph, Ab. 

— Medard, B. C. 

— Servatius, B. C. 

— John, Ap. Ev. 

— Ditto. 

— Augustin, B. C. D. 

— Prisca, V. M. 

— Fara, V. 

— Walburge, Abbess. 

— Goar, Hermit. 
8S. Justa and Rufina, 

VV. MM. 

St. Margaret of Cortona, 
V. 

— Spiridion, B. C. 

— Wolfgang, B. C. 

— Zeno, M. 



214 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



Em feror — attending the saint on his 

death bed St. 

St, Henry kneeling before him — 

Encouraged— on his way to mar- 
tyrdom .... — 

Ensign — reared by a King . — 

Entertaining — soldiers in pursuit of 

him — 

Espoused— to our Blessed Saviour — 

to our Infant Saviour — 

Ethiopia* King — gaining a miracu- 
lous victory ... — 
Ewe*, or Jug — in his hand . — 
Executioners— embraced by him — 

Exorcising — a monk ... — 
a young woman ... — 



Extinguishing — a house on fire 

Eyes — in a dish . 
on a book 

on a book, or at her feet 
his own, before him 
ditto, displayed by an angel 
plucked out, and hands cut off 
plucked out 

carrying them 

of executioner dropping out 
Falcon — and sword 

perched upon a cottage 

hooded, on his hand 

on his hand . 
Fawn — lying by his side 
Feather — in her hand 
Feet — nailed to the ground 



Tarasius, B. C. 
Heribert, B. C. 

Julius, M. 
Ladislas, K. C. 

Eudoxius, M. 
Catherine, V. M 
Catherine of Sienna, V. 
Ditto. 

Elesbaan, K. C. 

Vincent, M. 

Peter of Alexandria, 

B.M. 
Ansehn, B. C. 
Epiphanuu of 8alam.it, 

B.C. 
Mathurin, C. 
Florian, M. 
Lucy, V. M. 
Ditto. 
OthiUa, V. 
Ooeric, B. C. 
Ditto. 

Mennas, M. 
Leodegarius, or Leger, 

B.M. 
Trophymus, M. 
Allan, M. 
Edward, K. M. 
Otho, Hermit. 
Jeron, C. 
Bavo, Anchoret. 
Blase, B. M. 
- Barbara, V. M. 
• Tryphon, M. 



BMBLBMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



215 



hands chopped off 
hands and heads out off 

Fimai& — scourged at a post 

crucified, with a man's beard 
Females — three, with palms : a child 
with them .... 

Ferrying — travellers over a river 
Fetters — in his hand . 

on his hands and feet . 
Fig Tree — behind him 

hung by his hands upon it 
Finger — laid upon his mouth 
Fire — before him . 

behind him . 

near him 

carrying in his lap 

column of, before him 

standing before it . 

extinguishing it with his crosier 

by prayer 



holding in her hand 

extinguished by rain 

before her 

led towards it to be burnt 
Firebrand — in his hand 
Fire-ship — saint in it unhurt 

standing in 
Fish — in his hand 

or two fishes . 

brought him by an angel 

in his hand, or near him 



St. James Intercitus, C. 
SS. Basilissa and Anas- 

tasia, MM. 
St. Julitta, M. 

— WUgefortis, V. M. 

SS. Susanna, Martiana, 
and Palladia, MM. 
St. Julian Hospitator, C. 

— Leonard, C. 

— Quintin, M. 

— Mark, Ev. 

— Sabas, M. 

— John the Silent, B. C. 

— Patrick, B. C. 

— Vitus, B. C. 

— Barnabas, Ap. 

— Brice, B. C. 

— Basil, B. C. D. 

— Ditto. 

— Martial, B. C. 

— Aidan, B. C. 

— Lupus of Sens, B. C. 

— Oermanus of Paris, 

B.C. 

— Cyrilla, V. M. 

— Thecla, V, M. 

— Columba, V. M. 

— Thecla, V. M. 

— Anthony, Ab. 

— Bestituta, V. M. 

— Veneranda, V, M. 

— Raphael, ArcM. 
B. Nicholas, 0. P. 
St. Simon, Ap. 

— Comgall, Ab. 

— Boniface, B. M. 

— Gregory of Tours, B. C. 



31* 



ZXB1XXS WITH THEIS SAINTS. 



Fj sh —in bis band 


St. Udalrie,or Ulrie, B. C. 


brought bim by a bird . 


— Walter, B. C. 


giving one to a poor man 


— Ulrie, B.C. 


on a book 


— Ditto. 


banging to two keys supported 




by an angel 


— Betmo, B. C. 


on a book and two keys 


— Ditto. 


with a key, or two keys in its 




mouth, or tied round its neck 


— Mauritius, B. C. 


with a ring in its month 


— Arnold, C. 


on a dish, held by an angel . 


— Bertold, Ab. 


hanging from his crosier 


— Zeno, B. C. 


at the end of a line on a rod . 


— Ditto. 


and bread .... 


— Bertold, Ab. 


one on each side of her 


— Eanswede, V. Abbess. 


Fish-hooks — holding . 


— Zeno, M. 


Fishes— coming to him out of the 




water . • 


— Bertold, Ab. 


bearing up his corpse in the water 


— Chrysogonus, M. 


coming up at the sound of his bell 


— Wintcaloc, Ab. 


preaching to them 


— Anthony of Padua, C. 


two, on a half hoop 


— Eanswede, V. Abbess. 




— Zeno, B. C. 


I? LAIL ...... 


— Varus, M. 




— Eulalia, V. M. 


in his hand .... 


— Anthony of Padua, C. 


Flames — hung over, with head down- 




wards .... 


— Agapetus, M. 


burning in ... 


— Primatius, B. M. 


praying in ... 


— Januarius, B. M. 


walking on ... 


— Anthony, Ab, 


stabbed in ... 


— Polycarp, B. M. 


on his left .... 


— Uriel, Archangel. 


of a city extinguished by angels 


— Alexander, M. 


near her, or over her head 


— Bridget of Kildare, 




Abbess. 


in her breast .... 


— Mary Magdalen of 




Pazzis, V. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIB SAINTS. 



217 



Flames — and sword at her feet . St. Agnes, V. M. 
Flasks — three on a book: angel 
bringing her a fourth 

Flesh — torn 

Fuss — stinging him in the desert 
Flower — in his hand . 



Floweb — in her hand ... — 

Flowers — basket of — 

wreath of ... — 

three in his hand ... — 
strewed by birds on her corpse — 
springing out of her neck, after 
her being beheaded . — 

Flying — from the house of her 
parents 

Font— dipping his hand into it 
standing in it 
standing at, for a child . 

Foot — cut off 



Footsteps — imprinting in a stone 
Forest — hiding in 

Forging — a horse shoe 
Fork — two-pronged and barbed . 
Fountain — springing up at his 
prayers . 

beneath his cross . 

near him . 



Walburge, Abbess. 
Didymus, M. 
Macarius, C. 
Louis of Toulouse, 

B.C. 
Dorothy, V. M. 
Ditto. 

Cecily, V. M. 
Hugh, D. C. 
Sophronia, Recluse. 

Flora, V. M. 

Aldegondes, V. 
Erhard, B. M. 
Pelagia, Penitent. 
Wenceslas, M. 
Victor of Marseilles, 

M. 
Victorinus, M. 
Medard, B. C. 
Maximus of Riez, 

B.C. 
Eligius, B. C. 
Martina, V. M. 



— Clement, P. M. 

— Boniface, B. M. 

— Julian of Mans, B. M 

— Engelmund, C. 

— Gengulph, C. 

— Rieul, C. 

— Felix of Vahis, C. 

— Antoninus of Toulouse, 

C. 
springing up from her blood — Julitta, V. M. 

T 



where his tears had fallen 
sitting by : stag drinking at 
obtained by his prayers 



218 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIB SAINTS. 



Franciscan Habit — in, without any 
emblem .... 
in, holding pyx 
Franciscan Nun — little dog at her feet 

Franciscan Fbiab — adoring the B. 
Sacrament .... 

Fbiab — kneeling before the B. Virgin 
Mary, who is attended by two 
virgins .... 

Frogs — about him 



St. Anthony of Padua, C. 

— Bonaventnre, B. C. 

— Margaret of Cortona, 

V. 

— Paschal Baylon, C. 



Fbuit — basket of . 

offering to Infant Jesus 
Funeral — pile 

singing upon it 
extinguished by rain 
laid upon, bearing a sword 
burnt upon 

Fur Pxlisse — bishop clothed in 
Fubnacx — thrown into . 
Gardener — with a spade 



Gaboouille — or dragon by his side 
Genevieve St. — appearing to him 

Gxxse — three, at his feet 
Giant — wading through a river, with 
the Holy Infant Jesus on his 
shoulder .... 
Gibbett — hanged upon 
hanged upon, thigh cut 
pierced with arrows upon 
near him .... 



— Dominic, C. 

— Huvar, or Hervaus, 

Ah. 

— Rieul, C. 

— Dorothy, V. M. 

— Ann, W. 

— Theodore Tyro, M. 

— ApoUonius, M. 

— Fructuosus, B. M. 

— Martina, V. M. 

— Augusta, V. M. 

— Aristion, M. 

— Nicetas, M. 

— Anscharius, B. C. 

— Victor, M. 

— Phocas, M. 

— Salvator ab Horta, 

a 

— Romanus, B. C. 

— William of RaschUd, 

Ab.C. 

— Martin, B. C. 



— Christopher, M. 

— Colman,M. 

— Ditto. 

— Anastasius, M. 

— Ferreolus, B. M. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINT8. 



219 



Girdle — of B. V. Mary, let down to 
him by her at her Assumption 
Globe — at his feet, or under his feet 

under his feet 

in his hand .... 

and banner .... 

dove upon it . 

of fire over his head while saying 

Mass 

Glove — and staff .... 
Gloves — presented to him by the 

B. V. Mary 
Goat — devil in the shape of 
Goose — in a wolfs mouth 

by his side .... 
Gosling — at her feet, or in her hand 
Gospel — of St. Matthew in his hand 

of St. John in his hand . 
Gourd Bottle .... 
Grapes — growing upon a bramble 

on, or under a missal 
Grave — stepping into . 

looking at ... . 
Greyhound— following a knight . 
Gridiron 



bowels on ... 

set with spikes 

or iron bed and sword . 
Ground — lying on in the open air 
Habit — Cistercian, given to St. 
Bernard .... 



St. Thomas, Ap. 

— Francis of Assissium, 

G. 

— Bruno, G. 

— Ignatius, B. M. 

— Victorinus, M. 

— Henry, Emp. 

— Martin, B. C. 

— Bavo, Anchoret. 

— Amadeus, G. 

— Anthony, Ah. 

— Vedast, B. G. 

— Martin, B. G. 

— Pharaildis, V. 

— Barnabas, Ap. 

— Edward, K. G. 

— Raphael, Archl. 

— Maximus of Nola, 

B. G. 

— Urban, P.M. 

— John, Ap. Ev. 
B. OUes, O. P. 

St. Ferdinand, K. C. 

— Laurence, M. 

— Cyprian, M. 

— Eustratius, M. 

— Donatilla, M. 

88. Macedonius and Tkeo- 

dtdus, MM. 
St. Erasmus, B. M. 

— Vincent, M. 

— Faith, V. M. 

— Valerian, B. M. 

— Stephen, Ab. 



220 EMBLEM8 WITH THEIR SAINTS. 

Habit — Benedictin, given to him by 

St. Benedict of Anian . St. William of Aquitain, 

Hermit. 
black, with leathern girdle — Augustin, B. C. D. 

Hail — striking down her torturers — Catherine, V. M. 
Haib — covered with her own, long 

and flowing ... — Mary Magdalen, 

Penitent. 
dragged by it along the ground — Raineldis, V. M. 
Haib Shirt — in his hand . — Placidus, M. 

Hairy Mam — with girdle of palm 

leaves — Onuphrius, H. 

crowned, before a cross . — Ditto. 
Halbert — Mathias, Ap. 

— Matthew, Ap. 

— Jude, Ap. 

and loaf ..... — Hohfius, or Olave, 

K.M. 
Hammer — in his hand ... — Reinoldus, C. 

— Adrian, M. 
and sword . . . . — Ditto. 

in one hand : three nails in the 

other — William of Norwich, 

M. 
and chalice .... — Eligius, B. C. 
and horse's leg, hoof shod . — Ditto. 
making a chalice with it — Bernward, B. C. 

Hand— cut off, held in the other . — Quiriacus, B. M. 

— John Damascen, B. G. 
restoring .... — Bridget, Abbess. 
reaching a cross ... — Boniface, B. M. 

on our B. Saviour's wounds . — Thomas, Ap. 
Hands — burnt .... — Lazarus of Constanti- 
nople, C. 
chopped off ... — Sabinus, B. M. 

— Martha, M. 
cut off, and eyes plucked out — Mennas, M. 

and feet chopped off — James Intercisus, M. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



221 



Hands — manacled 

and feet of St. Adrian held on 
an anvil .... 

clasped on his breast 

laying his on King Charles Martel 

fastened to posts . 

and feet bored through . 
Handkerchief — and open book . 

strangled with 
Hanging — by her hair to a cypress 

tree, and nailed to it 
Hare — in his arms 

Hat — or hood hung up in the sun 
Hatchet 



and church 
Hawk 



hooded, by his side 
Head — cut off, three springs gushing 

out 

his own, carried in his hands on 

a book, or in one hand 
his own, carried in his hands 



mitred . 

and lying on the ground 



St. Chariton, Anchoret. 

— Natalia, Widow. 

— Sealtiel, Archangel. 

— Giles, Ah. 

— Quintin, B. M. 

— Felician, B. M. 

— Monica, W. 

— Godelieve, V. M. 

— Theodula, M. 

— Albert of Sienna, H. 

— Dunstan, B. C. 

— Cecily, V. M. 

— Goar, Hermit 

— Mathias, Ap. 

— Matthew, Ap. 

— Wolfgang, B. C. 

— Adjutus, B. C. 

— Wolfgang, B. C. 

— Julian Hospitator, 

H. 

— Quirinus, M. 

— Bavo, Anchoret 

— Paul, Ap. 

— JDionysius, B. M. 

— Clarus, M. 

— Lucanus, M. 

— Proculus, M. 

— Mitrius,M. 

— Piat, M. 

— Caraunus, or Cheron, 

M. 

— Alban, B. M. 

— Firminus, B % M. 

— Ditto. 

t 2 



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lu llmntm 



— Jhatpmta*. B C £j. 

— OUUf 

If. /Cohen of Halentum, 

a 

Hi thtthmn* qf SUnna, 

r. 
r*wM % r. 

M»#*> MyJ+ltn of 



A^v*f*W^ 


v. .«>. 


,«**,>*&, K Ttf 


?*•** > 




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EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



223 



Hermit — with a lantern near a river, 
which the saint is wading 
through .... 

discovered by a hunter . 

in coat of mail and chains, with 
cross-staff .... 

Hill — preaching upon 

Hind 

lying by his side 



or doe 



Hinds — three .... 
Hoe — a man with, behind him 

or rake in his hand 
Holy Water — changing into oil for 

church lamps 
Holy Water Vessel — and asperges 

brush 

Hook 



with double prongs 
Hooks Iron — torn with 
Hooks — torn with, bound to a tree 

face torn with 

hung on a beam 

Hoen— of unction in his hand 
hunting, and book 
blowing .... 

Horse — standing by him 



dragged by 



St. Christopher, M. 

— Utho, Hermit. 

— WUliam ofMaleval, 

Hermit. 

— David, B. C. 

— Lupus of Sens, B. C. 

— Prooopitu, Hermit. 

— Catherine of Sweden, V. 

— Genevieve of Brabant, 

V. 

— Ooar, Hermit, C. 

— Rumold, B. M. 

— Isidore of Madrid, C. 

— Narcissus, B. C. 

— Martha, V. 

— Eulalia, V. M. 

— FUician, B. M. 

— Vincent, M. 

— Agatha, V. M. 

— Leodegarius, B. M. 

— Saturninus, B. M. 

— Hippolytus, M. 

— Martina, V. M. 

SS. Cosmas and Damian, 

MM. 
St: Cornelius, P. M. 

— Hubert, B. C. 

— Oswald, K. M. 

— Severus of Avranches, 

B.C. 

— Baroclius, C. 

— Tryphon, M. 

— Ivan, Hermit. 



224 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



Hobse — by her .... 

leg of, with the hoof shod 
Horseback — mounted on, Attila 
kneeling before him 
boy riding on the same horse 
behind him 

Horses— dragged and torn by 

dragged at the tails of . 
Hobse Soldi eb — with standard . 
Host Sacked— in his hand . 

holding up .... 

elevated and in flames . 

on her heart .... 
Houb-glass — holding . 
Houses — carried away by a flood 
Huno up— by his thumbs 

with stones at his feet . 

by his heels over smoke 

over a fire .... 

by his hands, weight to his feet 
hands and feet sawed off: in- 
structing Evelasius . 



Hunter 



Hunter8 — and hounds pursuing him 
Idol — broken and falling 



falling, pillar broken 
of Apollo falling 
overturned and trampled upon 
overturned, sword in her hand 



St. Irene, V. M. 

— Eligius, B. C. 

— Leo, P. C. 

— Gregory of Nicopolis, 

B.C. 

— Hippolytus, M. 

— Quirinus, M. 

— Anastasius, M. 

— Vitalis, M. 

— Burckhard, B. G. 

— Frumentius, B. G. 

— Yvo, B. C. 

— Juliana Falconieri, V. 

— Hilarion, Ab. 

— Verena, V. 

— Marian, M. 

— Seve nanus, M. 

— Placidu8 y M. 

SS. Andochius and Tky- 

rus, MM. 
St. Maris, M. 

SS. Fausta and Evela- 
sius, MM. 

St. Germanus of Auxerre, 
B.C. 

— Hubert, B. C. 

— Eustachius, M. 

— Onuphrius, H. 

— Philip, Ap. 

— Urban, P.M. 

— Benignus,M. 

— Lucius, K. C. 

— George, M. 

— Alexander, M. 

— Melitina, V. M. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



225 



Idols — overturned by him . 

overturned by the cross 

broken near him as he baptizes 

Pagans .... 
at her feet ... 
Image — of B. V. Mary and a ciborium 

and of Infant Jesus : 
saint praying be- 
fore it . 

student making a vow before ; t 
of Jupiter overturned . 
of Venus ditto 

Images — holy, set up by his orders 
Incense — forced into his hand 
held over hot coals by her 
Indians — converted 
Infant Jesus — in his arms . 



St. WiOehad, B. C. 

— Posidonius, B. G. 

— Philip, Ap. 

— Wilfrid, B. C. 

— Irene, V. M. 

— Hyacinth, B. G. 



on his shoulder 

with three heads on his shoulder 

appearing to him 

standing on an open book held 

by him .... 
embracing him 
in his arms as he kneels 
in her arms .... 

in a bunch of roses 

with basket on his arm . 

taken by the hand 

caressed by him 

received from his Holy Mother 

appearing on a cloud 

with globe and cross 



— William of Monte 
V&rgine, G. 

— Edmund, B. G. 

— Sabinus, B. G. 
88. Junta and Rufina, 

VV. MM. 
St. Gregory III., P. G. 

— Procopius, M. 

— GyrUla, V. M. 

— Francis Solano, G. 

— Joseph, C. 

— Simeon, 

— Felix of Gantalicio, C. 

— Christopher, M. 

— Ditto. 

— Edmund, B. G. 

— Anthony of Padua, G. 

— Ditto. 

— Ditto. 

— Catherine of Bologna, 

V. 

— Rose of Lima, V. 

— Joanna, Qu. 

— Ditto. 

— Stanislas Kostka, G. 

— Francis of Assissium, G. 

— AntJiony of Padua, G 

— Ditto. 



226 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIB 8AINT8. 



Infant Jesus — carried on one arm, 

and Infant V. Mary on the 

other .... 

Infant — on the ground near him 

found in a corn field 

dashed against the steps of a 

tribunal 
in his arms 

speaking at his command 
Inebottle .... 
Inehobn — and pencase 

pencase and writing book 
I N R I — on a board . 

Instruments — of the Passion of our 
B. Saviour .... 



on her heart .... 

Iron — hot, applied to her breast . 

rings on his neck and arms . 

spikes red hot 
Island — with serpents upon it 

Island— saint upon it receiving a 

mitre and crosier 
Javelin — or lance 

lily and palm . 
Jewels — and ornaments before her 

on the ground 
Jug, or Ewer — in his hand . 

or pitcher 
Jewish — and Saracen converts 
Keg of Wine — in his hand . 
Key — or two keys in his hand 



St. Ann, W. 

— Brice, B. C. 

— Agericus, B. C. 

— Quiricus, M. 

— Vincent of Paul, C. 

— Goar, C. 

— Jerom, C. D. 

— Matthew, Ap. Ev. 
B. Herman Joseph, O. 
St. Louie of Toulouse, 

B.C. 

— Bernard, Ab. 

— James, Monk. 

— Bridget, W. 

— EdeUmrge, V. 

— Teresa, V. 

— Clare of Monte Faleo, 

V. 

— CaViopa, V. M. 

— Theodosius, C. 

— Agathocles, M. 

— Hilary of Poictiers, 

B.C. 

— Honor atut, B. C. 

— Oengulph, C. 

— Minias, M. 

— Pelagia, Penitent. 

— Vincent, M. 

— Romanics, M. 

— Vincent Ferrer, C. 

— Othmar, Ab. 

— Peter, Ap. 



EMBLEMS WITH THE IE SAINTS. 



227 



Key — in his hand 

holding up with Adalric 
and clasped book 
and rosary 
rosary and bag 
Keys — and book or loaves 
two, as a gaoler 
two . * . 

two, and a fish on a book 
hung on her arm 
of heaven, brought by St. Peter 

receiving from St. Peter 
bunch of .... 
at her side 

King — with a cross on his breast 
young, near him 
rearing an ensign. . 
bearing an axe 
with cross and battle axe 
preaching from a pulpit 
instructed by him in a cell 

King Clovis — healed 

Kneeling — at the feet of our B. 
Saviour 
in a fiery furnace unhurt 
(Badislas) to beg his pardon 
before St. Benedict's cell 

Knees — print of in a stone . 

Knife — in his hand 

in her hand . 

flaying .... 

sacrificing 

stabbed with . 



St. Servatius, B. C. 

— Benignus, M. 

— Othilia, V. Abbess. 

— PetroniUa, V. 

— Sitha, V. 

— Ditto. 

— Ditto. 

— Hippolytus, M. 

— Mauritius, B. C. 

— Benno, B. C. 

— Genevieve, V. 

— Oermanus of Paris, 

B.C. 

— Dominic, C. 
B. V. MARY. 
St. Nothburge, V. 

— Martha, V. 

— Ferdinand, K. C. 

— Wulfran, B. C. 

— Ladislas, K. C. 

— Hermenegild, M. 

— Olave, K. M. 

— Oswald, B. C. 

— Malachy, B. C. 

— Severinus y Ah. 0. 

— Dunstan, B. C. 

— Ephesus, M. 

— Wenceslas, M. 

— Scholattica, V. 
8S. Justus and Pastor, 

MM. 
St. Albert of VerceUi, 
B.C. 

— Christina, V. M. 

— Bartholomew, Ap. 

— Zadkiel, Angel. 

— Moses the Ethiopian, M. 



388 



EMBLEMS WITH THE IB 8AIKT8. 



Knife — in his head 
ather breast . 
in her hand : her breasts on a 

book 

and arrows .... 
Knight — in armour, with shield, 

bearing nine torteaux 
Laj>deb 



** 



youth mounting, held by a chain 
with monks and angels . 
infant supported upon by two 
angels .... 

Ladle 

LuD^-out for burial 



Lamb — at her feet 



by her side 
on a book 
lily and book . 

and cross on a book 



and cross in his lap 

and locust 

and cross 

and palm 
Lamb's Tbotteb 
Lamp 



in her hand .... 
in one hand, book in the other 
with oil, but not burning 
Lance — or spear .... 



St. Peter, M. 

— Agatha, V. M. 

— Ditto. 

— Otho, B. C. 

— Conyn, C. 

— John Climacus, Ab. 

— Emmet an, B. M. 

— Leonard, C. 

— Bernard Ptolomeus, C 

— Bathildes, Qu. 

— Martha, V. 

— Ephrem, C. D. 

— Francis o/Assissium, 

C. 

— Agnes, V. M. 

— Regina, V. M. 

— Genevieve, V. 

— Regina, V. M. 

— Agnes of Monte PuL- 

ciano, V. 

— John Baptist. 

— Ditto. 

— Ditto. 

— Ditto. 

— Joanna. 

— Catherine, V. M. 

— John Baptist. 

— Maoarius of Alexan- 

dria, C. 

— Lucy, V. M. 

— Hiltrudis, V. 

— NUus the Younger, Ab. 

— Oengulph,M. 

— Hippolytus, M. 

— Canute, K. M. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



229 



Lance— or spear 



pierced with 
or sword 
or dart . 



and shield .... 

and sceptre .... 

and palm .... 

and church .... 

and double cross 
Lancers — or spears two, crossed . 

pierced with three, and beheaded 
Land— received from a King 
Lantern 

devil trying to extinguish 
Lawyer — bishop writing as a 
Lead — melted, poured into his mouth 

poured over him 
Leaden — weight to his neck 
Leaves — clothed with . 

Leg — cut off 

Legs — in oiled linen, burning 
Leopard — and ox . 
Leopards — and lions 
Leper — received as he lands from a 
boat 

washing feet of 



St. Mathias, Ap. 

— Emmeran, B. M. 

— Gerhard, B. M. 

— Longinus, M. 

— Germanus, Ab. M. 

— Ostein, K. M. 

— John of Goto, M. 

— Euhgius, B. M. 

— Coronatus, M. 

— Thomas, Ap. 

— Adalbert, B. C. 

— Donatian, B. M. 

— Lambert, B. M. 

— Demetrius, M. 

— Michael, Archangel, 

— Oswin, K. M. 

— Barbara, V. M. 

— Caradoc, H. 

— Philip, Ap. 

— Benignus, M. 

— Adalbert, B. M. 

— WiUibald, B. C. 

— Hugh, B. C. 

— Gudula, V. 

— Philogonius, B. C. 

- Primus, M. 

- Erasmus, B. M. 

- Justus, M. 

- Onuphrius, H. 

- Victorinus, M. 

- Edesius, M. 

- Marciana, V. M. 

- Ditto. 



— Julian Hospitator, C. 

— Thomas of Canterbury, 

B.M. 
Letter — brought him by a dove . — Oswald, K. M. 



u 



280 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR 8AINT8. 



Lifted— up to heaven by our Saviour 

out of his grave at Ephesus 
Light — from heaven above them 

from heaven towards him 

with the word 

"Veritas" .... 
over the church of Eu 
Lightning — •consuming idols 

destroying the temple of Diana 
angel protecting him from 
Lily — in his hand 



near him 

presented by an angel 
in her hand 



held by both together . 



and sceptre 
and book 
and palm 
and monastery 
and key . 



St. John, Ap. and Ev. 
The Two SS. Ewald, 

MM. 
St. Beds, C. 

— Augustin, B. G. D. 

— Laurence, B. C. 

— Mauritius, B. C. 

— Martina, V. M. 

— Hugh, B. C. 

— Joseph, G. 

— Dominio, G. 

— Gabriel, Arehl. 

— Gajetan, G. 

— Gasimir, G. 

— Kenelm, K. M. 

— Albert, C. 

— Joseph Galasanctius, C. 

— Anthony of Padua, G. 

— Vincent Ferrer, G. 
B. Nicholas of Bruges. 
St. Sebastian, M. 

— Philip Neri, C. 

— ZAdurina, V. 

— Clare, V. 

— Clare of Monte Falco, 

V. 

— Eustochium, V. 

— Catherine of Sweden, 

V. 
SS. Henry and Cunegundes, 

Emp. and Empress. 
St. Pukheria, Empress. 

— Anthony of Padua, C. 

— Euphemia, V. M. 

— Dominic, C. 

— OthUia, Abbess. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



231 



Lily — stigmas, cross, book : crown 
at her feet .... 

book and lamp 

palm and javelin . 

out of his mouth in his grave 

crucifix and discipline . 

discipline and rosary 
Lilies — and roses out of his mouth 
Limbs — cut off ... 

Linen — in her hand 
Lion — by his side 



by her side 



or two, by her side 
at his feet .... 
carrying a basket in his mouth 
leaping up to his knee . 
thorn extracted from its foot 
fawning on him in the amphi- 
theatre 
devouring him 
digging her grave . 

and bear standing by her 
Lion's Den .... 



Lioness — torn by . 
Lions — exposed to 

about him 

standing between two 



B. Margaret of Hungary, 

V. 
St. Albert of Sicily, C. 

— Minim, M. 

— William of Montpet,* 

Uer, G. 

— Aloysius Oonzaga, C. 
B. Joanna, V. 

St. Angelus, M. 

— Adrian, M. 

— Arcadius, M. 

— Hunna. 

— Adrian, M. 

— Jerom, C. D. 

— Mark, Ev. 

— Thecla, V. M. 

— Natalia, W. 

— Euphemia, V. M. 

— Prisca, V. M. 

— Agapetus, M. 

— Oerasimus, Ab. 

— Jerom, G. D. 

— Ditto. 

— Oermanicus, M. 

— SUvanus, B. M. 

— Mary of Egypt, 

Penitent. 

— Blandina, V. M. 

— Macarius of Home, 

Hermit. 

— Basil of Ancyra, M. 

— Agapetus, M. 

— Ignatius, B. M. 

— Venantius of Tours, 

B.C. 

— Ignatius, B. M. 



282 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR 8AINT8. 



Lions — two, digging his grave 

in a den with : fed by an angel 
and leopards .... 

and rosary .... 
andhalbert .... 

brought him by a raven 
dividing with St. Anthony 
offered him by the Holy Child 

Jesus 

Loaves — in his hand, or in a basket 
in a dish .... 
three on a book, or in his hand 
three in her hand . 
three on the ground by her . 



three and keys 
Lock — on his lips .... 

Locksmith's — tools 

Locust — and Lamb 

Loom — weaving at ... 

Mail — coat of ... 

Mallets — two on the ground 
Marble Temple — in the sea: saint 

lying in it . 
Marble Quarries — working in . 

Martyred — by two men with sword 
and spear .... 

Mason's — tools .... 

Mass — celebrating 

with deacon: globe 

of fire over his head . 



St. Maca/ius of Rome, G. 

— Pontianus, M. 

— Marciana, V. M. 

— Gertrude of Nivette, V. 

— John the Almoner, C. 

— Hohfius, or Glave, 

K.M. 

— Paul, Hermit. 

— Ditto. 

— Felix of Cantaliehy G. 

— Philip, Ap. 

— Godfrey, G. 

— Nicholas, B. G. 

— Joanna, Qu. 

— Mary of Egypt, 

Penitent. 

— Sitha, V. 

— Raymund Nonnatus, 

G. 

— Galmier, C. 

— Apettes, H. 

— John the Baptist. 

— Gudula, V. 

— Athanasia, Abbess. 

— William of Aquitaine, 

K. 

— Dvonysius, B. M. 

— Clement, P. M. 

SS. Polianus and Neme- 
sian, MM. 



St. KUian, B. M. 

— Marinus, G. 

— Gerard, G. 

— Martin, B. G. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 233 

Mass — celebrating : St. Valeria bring- 
ing her head cut off to him at 
the altar St. Martial, B. C. 

Medal — at her neck ... — Genevieve, V. Abbess. 
Medallion — of our Blessed Saviour — Jude, Ap. 
Meeting — at the golden gate of 

Jerusalem .... SS. Joachim and Ann, 

B.C. 
Melted Lead— poured over him . St Erasmus, B. M. 

into his mouth — Primus, M. 

Men — two kneeling before him — Amandus, B. C. 

Mendicant — bishop, with a wallet — Thomas of ViUanova, 

B.C. 
Mice — or rats about her . . — Gertrude ofNivelle, V. 
Mill — or mortar, bruised in . — Victorinus, M. 
Millstone — about her neck, thrown 

into the sea ... — Aurea, V. 

about her neck, at her side, 
holding, or resting her hand 
upon it .... — Christina, V. M. 
tied to his neck ... — Callixtus, P. M. 
tied to, and thrown into the sea — Quirinus, B. M. 
and sword .... — Victor of Marseilles, 

M. 

alone — Quirinus, B. M. 

Mines— condemned to work in . — Paphnutius, B. C. 
Mirror — before his breast with image 

of the B. V. Mary . — Geminianus, B. C. 

Mitre — Hugh, B. C. 

— Herculanus, M. 

— Frigidian, B. C. 

and Cardinal's hat before him — Joseph Calasanctius, C. 
and tiara before him . . — Philip Beniti, C. 
and armour standing between — Agapetus, M. 
and crosier on the ground . — Macarius ofAntioch, 

B.C. 
Mitres — three .... — Maternus, B. C. 

on his book, or at his feet — Bernard, Ab. C. D. 

u 2 



284 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



Monastery — model of, in his hand St. 

in her hand .... — 

Money — in his hand ... — 

bag or box .... — 

box with chain to it at his feet — 

box, triple .... — 

bags, three .... — 

bag for giving alms — 

given to the poor ... — 

throwing into a river — 

holding a piece of . — 

Monk's Habit — clothed in — 

child on her arm ... — 

Monks — addressing ... — 

ascending to heaven . . — 

on a ladder .... — 

Monogram — | H 8 on an oval — 

in his hand .... — 

above him — 

in a sun in his hand — 

appearing to him ... — 
inscribed on his heart after death — 

Monster — lifting his crosier against 

it — 

Moor — 



Morning Star .... 

Mortar — or mill, bruised in 
Mother — encouraging her son to 

martyrdom .... 
Mounds — three, surmounted by a 

cross banner 
Mountain — in clouds before him 



Domnolus, B. C. 

Dominic, C. 

Begga, W. 

Philip, Ap. 

Matthew, Ap. and Ew. 

Ditto. 

Ditto. 

Ditto. 

Matilda, Qu. 

Gumtramnus, C. 

Amatus, Ab. 

Martin, B. C. 

Euphrosyna, V. 

Theodora, Penitent. 

Marina, Recluse. 

OdUo, Ab. 

Momuald, Ab. 

Ditto. 

Pius, P. M. 

Bernardinus, C. 

Ditto. 

Vincent Ferrer, C. 

Ignatius, G. 

Ditto. 

Donatus, B. M. 
Victor of Milan, M. 
Maurice, M. 
Moses, the Ethiopian, 

C. 
Fidelis of Sigmaringen, 

M. 
Victorinus, M. 



— Symphorian, M. 

— Bernardin, C. 

— Nonnosus, Ab. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR 8AINTS. 



235 



Nail — in his head 

in his head and hand 

through his hands into his head 

large 

held in his hand 
Nails — forging out of arrows 
in his hands and head . 

three in left hand, cross in right 
arm • 

driven through his shoes 

driven into his shoulders 

three held in his hand . 

three held in his hand, within 
a crown of thorns 

held in her hand . 
Napkin — thrown over his shoulder 
Needle 8 — and iron scourge 

for putting out his eyes . 

Nettles 

Nipple — held in pincers 

Nosegay — of roses, with Holy Infant 

Jesus in the centre 
Nun — of the third Order of St. 

Francis 

Franciscan : dog at her feet . 

Oak — felled by a bishop 

Oar 

Oil- — boiled in, or holding a vessel of 
distilling from her hand 

flasks 

flask on a book 

Ointment Box . 



St. Julian of Emesa, M. 

— Severus of Borne, M. 

— Pantaleon, M. 

— Dvonysius, M. (One of 

the Seven Sleepers). 

— Epimachus, M. 

— Otho, B. C. 

— William of Norwich, 

M. 

— Ditto. 

— Eutropius, B. M. 

— Quintin, M. 

— Louis, K. C. 

— Ditto. 

— Clare of Mte.Falco, V. 

— Stephen, Protomartyr. 

— Ferreolus, B. M. 

— Spiridion, B. C. 

— John ab Urtica, C. 

— Agatha, V. M. 

— Rose of Lima, V. 

— Elizabeth of Portugal, 

Qu. Wid. 

— Margaret of Cortona, 

F. 

— Boniface, B. M. 

— Jude, Ap. 

— Julian Hospitator, H. 

— Vitus, B. C. 

— Walburge, V. 

— Ditto. 

— Ditto. 

— Mary Magdalen, 

Penitent. 



236 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



Ointment Box .... 
Ointment — box and budding staff 

holding a vessel of 

Oratories — in honour of SS. Peter 
and Paul .... 

Organ 

Oven — heated .... 



by his side 



Ox 



near him 



near her .... 

lying at her side 

heated, burnt in 

heated, stabbed in, or near it 

and leopard .... 
Oxen — two near him 

attempting to drag her along 

and cows about him 

near him, dog at his feet 
Padlock — on his lips . 
Painter — painting a picture of B. V. 
Mary 

seized by executioners 
Painting Box and Brush 
Pallium — on a Dominican 
Palm — and cup 

and banner .... 

and lily .... 

and book .... 

and sword .... 



St. Joanna. 

— Joseph of Arimathea, 

C. 
SS. Cosmos and Datnian, 
MM. 

St. Jodoc, or Josse, C. 

— Cecily, V. M. 

— Eleutherius, B. M. 

— Victor of Milan, M. 

— Theodota, V. M. 

— Januarius, B. M. 

— Luke, Ev. 

— Leonard, C. 

— Sylvester, B. G. 

— Medard, B. C. 

— Julitta, V. M. 

— Blandina, V. M. 

— Frideswide, V. Abbess. 

— Victor of Milan, M. 

— Polycarp, B. M. Ab. 

— Marciana, V. M. 

— Sebaldus, Hermit. 

— Lucy, V. M. 

— Etto, B. C. 

— Wendelin, Ab. 

— John Nepomucen, G. 

— Luke, Ev. 

— Andrew, M. 

— Herman Joseph, G. 

— Antoninus, B. G. 

— John, Ap. and Ev. 

— Julian, B. M. 

— Euphemia, V. M. 

— Blida. 

— Catherine, V. M. 

— Ewald (Black). 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR 8AINT8. 



23? 



Palm — and staff . 

encircled with three crowns 

bearing dates : standard of 
cross .... 

tree, bound to it . 

leaves, girdle . 

cloak of . 
Palms — and earthen vessels 



Peacock .... 

Peacock's Feather 
Peasant Boy 
Peel — (baker's shovel) 

Pen — hand reaching it to him 
and book 

red cross and rosebud . 

Penance — instruments of . 

Penknife .... 

Penknives* — martyred with . 

Peteb St. — appearing in a church 
conversing with his daughter 
at his bedside with a key 
appearing crucified, head down- 
wards 

and St. Paul menacing Attila 

Philosopher — lecturing 

Physician 

Physicians — two, attending a sick 
bishop .... 



the 



Pick Axe — in his hand 

Picture — of our B. Saviour in his 

hand 

of B. V. M. and Infant Saviour 
of Last Judgment . 



St. Catherine, V. M. 

— Angdus, M. 

— Ansano, M. 

— Paphnutius, M. 

— Onuphrius, H. 

— Paid, H 

SS. Justa and Rufina, 

VV. MM. 
St. Liborius, B. C. 

— Barbara, V. M. 

— Werner, M. 

— Honorius, B. C. 

— Aubert, B. C. 

— Basil, B. C. D. 

— Teresa, V. 

— Herman Joseph, G. 

— Ditto. 

— Peter of Alcantara, C. 

— Herman Joseph, C. 

— Cassian, M. 

— Gerard, Ab. 

— Petronilla, V. 

— Germanus of Paris. 

— Peter Nolasco, G. 

— Leo the Great, P. G. D. 

— Pantanus. 

— Luke, Ev. 

SS. Cosmos and Damian, 

MM. 
St. Leodegarius, or Leger, 

B.M. 

— John Gualbert, Ab. 

— Hedwiges, W. 

— Methodius, G. 



288 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIB SAINTS. 



St. 



Picture— of B. V. Mary 

of Crucifixion 
Pictures — of Saints near him 
Pig — by his side . 
Pig's Head .... 
Pile— of wood and flames . 

bound upon 

laid upon 



of wood, on which he burnt a 
dragon .... 
Pilgbim — with staff, hat, shell, wallet, 
some, or all of them 

with staff 

with staff and book 

with crucifix staff 

crown at his feet . 

church in his hand 

preaching 

holding up a piece of money 

asleep under a staircase 

with a wound plague spot on 
his leg 

with two companions 

with her daughter . 

in man's clothing . 
Pilgrim's Staff 

and crosier 
Pilgrims — three, himself and two 

sons — 

three, a bear walking with them — 
Pillar of Light — appearing to him — 

of fire above him , 

saint living upon it 

seated upon . 

tied to it 

ofstone . 

scourged at 



John of the Cross, C. 
AmeUmrga, Wid. 
Tarasius, B. C. 
Anthony, Ab. 
Blase, B. M. 
Poly carp, B. M. 
Pegasius, M. 
Agnes, V. M. 
Agatha, V. M. 



— Hilarion, Ab. 

— James Great, Ap. 

— Raphael, Archl. 

— Fridolin, Ab. 

— Jodoe, H. 

— Richard, K. C. 

— Sebaldus, K. H. 

— Ditto. 

— Ditto. 

— Alexius, C. 

— Roch y C. 

— Patricia, V. 

— Paula, W. 

— Hildegundes, V. 

— Louis, K. C. 

— Maternus, B. C. 



Richard, K. C. 
Romedius, C. 
Ephrem, C. D. 
Brieuc, B. C. 
Simeon Stylites, C. 
Theodulus, B. G. 
Blandina, V. M. 
Oudula, V. 
Bibiana, V. M. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



239 



Pillars of Light — above him 
Pincers — or locksmith's tools 

red hot 

torn by 

held in her hand . 

tooth held in them 

for cutting off her breasts 
Pins — or iron styles run into him by 

children .... 
Pit — near him .... 

buried in .... 

thrown into .... 
Pitch — hot, poured on his head . 
Pitcher 

of water near him . 

holding up .... 

holding 

in a basket .... 
Plague — Clermont freed from by his 

prayers .... 
Plan — of a monastery . 
Pleading — for souls in purgatory 
Plough — held by him . 

drawn by stags 

held by an angel for him 
Ploughshares — red hot, walking over 

one, or two, held in her hand 
Poems — religious, writing them 
Pomegranate — cross upon it 
Poor — at his table 

instructing .... 



man embraced by him 



St. Cuthbert, B. G. 

— Galmier, C. 

— Pelagiu8 } M. 

— Agatha, V. M. 

— Lucy, V. M. 

— ApoUonia, V. M. 

— Ditto. 

— Macra, V. M. 

— Felix of Finds, B. M. 

— Ghrysanthus, M. 

— VitaUs, M. 

— Symphorosa, M. 

— Gyriacus, M. 

— Benedict, Ab. 

— Agatha, H. 

— Narcissus, B. G. 

— Beds, G. 

— Romanus, M. 

— Joanna, W. 

— G alius, B. C. 

— Domnolus, B. C. 

— Teresa, V. 

— Exuperius, B, C. 

— Richard, B. 0. 

— Ecian,orEchenus,B.C. 

— Robert (of Dale Abbey}) 

— Isidore of Madrid, C. 

— Cunegundes, Empress, 

— Ditto. 

— Apollinaris Sidonius, C. 

— John of God, 0. 

— Louis, K. G. 

— Glodoaldus, or Gloud, 

B.G. 

— Vincent of Paid, G. 

— Godfrey, B. G. 



240 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



Possessed — boy brought to him . 

delivered by him 
persons delivered . 
man cured by breathing upon 
woman cured .... 



boy healed with oil from a 
church lamp 

man delivered 

woman freed by hei 

child freed by him . 
Post — tied to it . 
Pot — earthen broken, or potsherds 

broken, and coals . 
Potsherds — lying upon, in prison 
Praying — by the bodies of the martyrs 

at the tomb of St Peter 

before a church : city on fire 
at the church door by night . 
at a well .... 

before a crucifix : dragon behind 
him .... 
Preaching — from an eminence 
to the court at Marseilles 

to the people . 
from a pulpit . 
to the poor 

on a hill 

to sheep 
Priest — martyred at Mass . 
Princess .... 

young, taught to read . 
Prison Bars — saint seen through 



St. Eleutherius, Ab. 

— Ditto. 

— Aper, B. G. 

— Anatolia, V. M. 

— Ewald,M. 

— Deodatus, B. C. 

— Philip Beniti, G. 

— Nilus, Younger, Ab. 

— Remigius, B. G. 

— Radegundes, Qu. 

— Jerom EmUian, C. 

— Agricola, M. 

— Felix ofNola, C. 

— Agatha, V. M. 

— Lucian, B. M. 
SS. Seraphia andErasma, 

MM. 
St. Leo the Great, 
P. G. D. 

— Lambert, B. M. 

— Gasimir, G. 

— Sitha, V. 

— Servatius, B. C. 

— Peregrinvs. 

— Mary Magdalen, 
Penitent. 

— Severinus, B. G. 

— Honor atus, B. G. 

— Paidinus of Nola, 
B.G. 

— David, B. C. 

— Apollinaris, B. M. 

— Dympna, V. M. 

— Gertrude of NiveUe, V. 

— Modwena, V. Abbess. 

— Martin, P. M. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 241 

Prison Cell— doors open . . St. Gabinius, M> 

praying in ... . — Leocadia, V. M. 

chained in, praying, dove and 
luminous cross ... — Regina, V. M. 

window, figure at it . — Verena, V. 

Saint within breaking idols . — Christina, V. M. 
Provisions— changed into roses . — Rosaline, V. 
Purgatory — soul released from, by his 

prayers .... — Venantius, Ab. 
Purse — handed through a window — Nicholas, B. C. 

giving for redemption of captives — John of Matha, G. 
Purses — three .... — Nicholas, B. C. 
Back — stretched upon ... — Vincent, M. 

— Arcadius, M. 

praising God upon — Nestor, B. M. 

crucified upon ... — Eulalia, V. M. 
Rain — obtained by his prayers — Heribert, B. G. 

Raising — a child to life . — Martin, B. G. 

the dead to life ... — lllidius, B. G. 
Rake — or hoe in his hand — Isidore of Madrid, G. 

Rats— or mice about her . — Gertrude ofNivelle, V. 

Raven — at his feet ... — Benedict, Ab. 

on a stick in his hand — Ditto. 

bringing him a loaf — Paul, H. 

in his hand, with a ring in its 
mouth .... — Oswald, K. M. 

ring in its mouth ... — Ida, W. 

or crow, or two, guarding his body — Vincent, M. 

bringing him a letter and chrism 
box — Oswald, K. M. 

conducting him to the Holy Land — William Firmatus, H 

descending, as his arms and legs 
are chopped off . . — Adrian, M. 

Ravens — two pursuing his murderers — Meinhardt, G. 
Ray— of light on him . . . B. Odo, O. P. 
Rays of Glory — round his head . St. Demetrius, H. 
Razor — in his hand ... — PamphUius, M. 

on a book .... — Landry, B. G. 

v 



242 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



Razors — cut with .... 

Reaping Corn — for bread for the altar 
Reeds — thrust under his nails 

Reliquary, or Casket . 
Remonstrance — carried by him, or 
by an angel before him 
holding with B. Sacrament . 



rays from it upon her 

kneeling before it . 

before it: rays from it to her 
heart 

in her hand .... 
Reposing — in her tomb 
Reptiles — destroyed by him 
Resigning — his bishopric 
Restoring — sight to her mother . 
Ring 

held up by him 

holding 

and palm .... 

iron round his body 
Rings — iron, on his neck and arms 

seven on right hand 
River — angel walking upon with a 
pilgrim .... 

saint standing before with a cross 

with a bridge near him 

thrown into . 

Danube, crossing on his cloak 

Dniester, crossing with ciborium 
and image of B. V. M. 

Tyne, standing by . 



SS. Epimachus and Alex- 
ander, MM. 
St. Wenceslas, M. 

— Boniface, M. 

— Benjamin, M. 

— Solemnis, B. C. 

— Norbert, B. C. 

— Zephyrinus, P. M. 

— Bonaventure, B. G. D. 
B. Juliana, V. Ab. 

St. Mary Magdalen of 
Pazzis, V. 

— Walburge, V. 

— Frances, W. 

— Glare, V. 

— Cecily, V. M. 

— Patrick, B. C. 

— Magloire, B. C. 

— Genevieve, V. 

— William Firmatus, H. 

— Edward, K. C. 

— Damasus, P. C. 

— Theodora, Empress. 

— Barbara, V. M. 

— Gregory, H. 

— Theodosius, C. 

— Gertrude, V. Abbess. 

— Raphael, Archl. 

— Bomanus, B. C. 

— John Nepomucen, M. 

— Sabas, M, 

— Sebaldus, K. t Hermit. 

— Hyacinth, C. 

— Bennet Biscop, Ab. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR 8AINTS. 



243 



Robe — refusing .... 
Robbers — converting . 
Rock — standing upon . 

chained to ... . 

water obtained from by SS. Peter 

and Paul .... 
striking : water gushing out . 

hiding in from her pursuers . 
pushed off it with a pitchfork 
Ron— or wand in his hand . 
with flowers at the top . 
of CEsculapius 

Rods — beaten with 

in her hand .... 
Roof — falling from 
Rope — given to a man kneeling . 

round his neck 

in his hand .... 

Ro8abt Beads — in his hand 

and lighted torch . 

and loaf 

and staff .... 

and key, or keys, and bag 
Rosaries — in his hand 
Rose — with figure of our B. Saviour 
Rosebud — in his hand . 
Roses — springing up from his blood 

his tunic full of 

in her robe .... 

in her apron .... 



St. Aphraates, Anchoret. 

— Catherine of Sienna, V. 

— Martinianus, H. 

— Martin, H. 

— Gregory Great, P. G. D. 

— Martinianus, G. 

— Aphraates, Anchoret. 

— Corentinus, B. C. 

— Ariadne, V. 

— Pantaleon, M. 

— Zaphhiel, Angel. 

— Joseph, G. 

SS. Cosmas and Damian, 

MM. 
St. Fidelis, M. 

— Regina, V. M. 

— Faith, V. M. 

— Pelagia, Penitent. 

— Theodosius, Cenobiarch. 

— Gharles, B. G. 

— Desiderius, B. M. 

— Colman, M. 

— Leopold IV., G. 

— Fiacre, G. 

— Tosso, or Tozo, B. C. 

— John the Almoner, G 

— Francis Xavier, G. 

— Sitha, V. 

— Dominic, G. 

— Rose, V. 

— Herman Joseph, G. 

— Francis of Assissium, G. 

— Didacus, G 

— Elizabeth of Hungary, 

Qu. 

— Rosaline of ViManova, 

V. 



244 EMBLEM 8 WITH THEIR 8ATNT9. 

Roses — in her lap St. Casilda, V. 

— Elizabeth of Portugal, 

Qu. 
and hand .... — Dorothy, V. M. 
on her head .... — Rose of Lima, V. 

— HUtrudis, V. 

on their heads . 88. Ascylus and Victoria, 

MM. 
and a cripple clothed . St. Elizabeth of Hungary, 

Qu. 
in her hand, or apron . — Rose of Viterbo, V. 

crown of, receiving from B. V. 

Mary — Rosalia, V. 

white, in his lap ... — Barachiel, Archl. 
crown of, on her head . — Rosalia, V. 

and lilies falling from his mouth — Angelas, C. 
growing out of his head after 
death : the word Maria above 
them .... — Joscion, C. 

Rule — square, &c, at their feet The Four Crowned 

Martyrs. 
Sabre — at his feet . . 8t. Peter, M. 

Sacrament — the Blessed, kneeling 

before it ... . — Francis Borgia, C. 

— Juliana Falconi&ri, V. 
carried by him, walking on the sea — Birinus, B. C. 
administered to him by two 

angels . . . — Stanislaus Kostka, C. 

over his head ... — Bonaventure, B. C. D. 

brought to her on her death bed 

to adore .... — Catherine of Sweden, V. 

Sacrifice — refusing to offer to idols — Auxentius, B. C. 

Saddle — near him ... — Eligius, B. C. 

Sailing — to Marseilles ... — Lazarus, B. G. 

Saint Jerom appearing . — Peter Oambacurta, C. 

Genevieve appearing — William of Eskille,Ab. 
Henry, Emperor, kneeling 

before him ... — Heribert, B. C. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR 8AINTS. 



245 



Saint Thomas of Canterbury ap- 
pealing . 
Salmon — with a ring in its gills 
Salt Box — in his hand 
Saracen — under his feet 
and Jewish converts 
" Satis est Domine, satis est" — uttering 
Saviour, Our Blessed — appearing to 
him in prison 
appearing as a child with gar- 
ment rent .... 

appearing to him in his torments 

on the Appian way 
at Mass . 

appearing on his cross, with B. 

V. M. and St. John . 
appearing, with angels bearing 

instruments of his Passion 
and the B. V. Mary appearing 

to him .... 

appearing in the ciborium 

appearing with his cross 
appearing to her with the instru- 
ments of his Passion . 
appearing to her, or giving her 
the Blessed Sacrament 

extending one arm towards her 
blessing her from his cross . 
appearing to her . 
calling her to heaven 
appearing with the wound in 

his side .... 
giving her his sacred heart . 



St. Edmund, B. C. 

— Kentigem, B. C. 

— Rupert, B. C. 

— Pancras, M. 

— Vincent Ferrer, C. 

— Francis Xavier, C. 

— Theodore Tyro, M. 

— Peter of Alexandria, 

B.M. 

— Valerian, M. 

— Peter, Ap. 

— Gregory the Great, 

P. C. D. 

B. Robert of Arbrissel, C. 
St. Ethelbert, K. C. 

— Gregory the Great, 

P. G. D. 
B. Thomas Gantipratanus, 

B. C, O. P. 
St. BathUdes, Qu. 

— Bridget, TV. 

— Mary Magdalen of 

Pazzis, V. 

— Lutgardis, Abbess. 

— Hedwiges, W. 

— Aleidis, TV. 

— Tarsilla, V. 

— Lutgardis, V. Ab. 

— Catherine of Sienna, V. 

v 2 



246 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



Saviour, Our Blessed — crowning her 



Saw 



IV. 



Sawed— in pieces .... 

on a cross 
through, lengthways 
Sawed off — her hands and feet 
Scales — golden .... 

weighing souls in them 
Scapular — in his hand 

given to him by the B. Trinity 



holding up to the B. Virgin 
Sceptre — and sword 
and cross 
and arrow 
and ring 
and dagger 
tipped with a lily 
and lily . 
and church 
and, torch 
of a flqgl and crown of thorns 
and book . 



Sceptres — two, crown of thorns and 
three nails . 
three, tipped with crosses 
and crowns before her . 

Schoolmaster 

Scorpion — curing the bite of 

Scourge .... 



St. Teresa, V. 

— Anselm t B. C. 

— Simon, Ap. 

— James the Less, Ap. 

— James Inter cims, M. 

— Evilasius, M. 

— Thutael, M. 

— Simon, Ap. 

— Fausta, V. M. 
The Angelic Choir of 

Thrones. 
St. Michael, Archl. 

— Simon Stock, C. 

— John of Matha, C. 

— Felix of Valois, C. 
B. Reginald, O. P. 

St. Olaus, or Olave, K. M. 

— Oswald, K. M. 
>r^ Edmund, K. M. 
^$qdward, K. C. 

— Edward, K. M. 

— Louis, K. C. 

— Pulcheria, Empress. 

— Mauront, Ah. 

— Emerita, V. M. 

— Haniel, Angel. 

— Margaret, Qu. of Scot- 

land, W. 

— Louis, K. C. 

— Lucius, K. M. 

— Susanna, V. M. 

— Mates, B. G. 

— Hyacinth, C. 

— Ambrose, B. C. D. 

— Boniface, B. M. 

— Peter Damian, B. C. 

— Outhlac, H. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR 8AINTS. 



247 



Scourge ..... 
loaded with lead 
iron, and needles 
with three black cords . 

Scourges — with scorpions and swords 



Scourged 

at a pillar 
at a stake 



with scorpions 

executioner's hand paralysed 
Scourging — himself 

herself .... 
Screw Press 
Scroll — with " Timete Deum, etc." 

and book 
Scymitar — and book 
Scythe . . . 



and a well .... 
in her left hand, blade across the 
back of her neck 
Sea — pushed into 

thrown into .... 
floating miraculously in 

man and boy walking on 

beheaded and thrown into 
walking on, carrying the B. 

Sacrament .... 
walking on ... 
standing by: children behind 

him 

Seashore — walking along 
kneeling by . 



St. Dorotheus, B. M. 

— Oervase, M. 

— Ferreolus, B. M. 

— Jehudiel, Arohl. 

SS. Processus and Marti- 

nianus, MM. 
St. Agapetus, M. 

— Alexander, P. M. 

— Urban, P. M. 

SS. Timothy and Sympho 
nan, MM. 

— Concordia, V. M. 

— Atheogenes, M. 

— Simeon 8tylites, G. 

— Alexander, Penitent. 
SS. Jonas, do., MM. 
St. Dominic, G. 

— Uriel, Angel. 

— Mathias, Ap. 

— Walstan, C. 

— Valentius, M. 

— SidweU, V. M. ^ 



ar 



— Ditto. 

— Engenius, M. 

— Adrian, M. s • 

SS. Rufina and Secunda, 

MM. 
SS. Nazarvas and Celsus, 

MM. 
St. Chrysogonus, M. 

— Birinus, B. G. 
B. John Agni, O. P. 

St. Winwaloc, Ah. 

— Augwtin, B. G. D. 

— Gertrude of Nivelle, 

V. 



243 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SA15TS. 



Seashore — standing by, with an oil 

flask on a book . 
Seraph — on each side of her, bearing 

a globe with a cross 
Serpent — rising ont of a cup or chalice 
under his feet 

at his feet .... 
held by him .... 



issuing from a poisoned cup, 

broken .... 
drinking out of a cup before him 
in her hand 
Serpents — treading upon 

on an island . 

about him 
twined round him 

driving away . 
between two . 

and torches 

and wild boasts 

driving them before him 

twined round her arms 
Seven Persons Asleep — or praying 

in a cave 
Shears . 

in her hand . 

or pincers for cutting off her 
breasts 

and bottle 

Sheep — keeping . 
*bout her 



St. WaJbmrge, V. 

B. VIRGIN MARY. 
St. John, Ap. and Ev. 

— Patrick, B. C. 

— Guthlake, H. 

— Phoeas of Antiock, M. 

— Mesmin, Ab. 

— Itisberge, V. 

— Portianus, Ab. 

— Chariton, Anchoret. 

— Christina, V. M. 

— Didymus, M. 

— Patrick, B. C. 

— Hilary of Poictiers, 
B. C. 

— Paternus, B. C. 

— Phoeas of Antioch, M. 

— Pirminius, M. 

— Hilary of Aries; B. C. 

— Thecla, V. M. 

— Euphemia, V. M. 

— Anatolia, V. M. 

— Magnus, C. 

— Pirminius, M. 

— Thecla, V. M. 

The Seven Sleepers, MM. 
St. Fortunatus, M. 

— Agatha, V. M. 

— Macra, V. M. 
SS. Cosmos and Damian, 

MM. 
St. Drugo, or Druon, 
Recluse. 

— Regina, V. M. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



249 



Sheep— -kept by a bear 

Shell — escallop in his hand, or on 

his hat, cloak, or wallet 
Shells — laid upon a bed of . 
Shepherd — with a dog at his feet 

discovering a hermit 
Shepherdess — spinning 
Shield— marked with monogram 
M R and sceptre 

and lance .... 

with three lilies upon it 

on his breast .... 
with cross upon it . 
or 9 torteaux — 8 — 8 — 8 . 
eight lozenges 

held by an angel with fleurs de lys 
Ship — with sails in his hand 

near her, or landing from it . 
with corpse, sailing against the 

stream .... 
saved from sinking 
in his hand .... 

in her hand .... 

his own given by him to a leper 
Shoes — in her hand 

with spikes through them 

Shoemaker's Tools 

and each a sword . 

Shoemakers* — two at work . 

Shovel — baker's .... 
Shrine — kneeling at 



St. Florentius, B. C. 

— James Greater, Ap. 

— Felix, M. 

— Wendelin, Ab. 

— Avitus, Ab. 

— Genevieve, V. 

— Gabriel, Archl. 

— Ditto. 

SS. Faustinus and Simpli- 

cius, MM. 
St. Peter Nolasco, C. 

— Gengulph, C. 

— Conyn, C. 

— William of York, B.C. 

— Clotilda, Qu. 

— Jude, Ap. 

— Ursula, V. M. 

— Melanius, B. G. 

— Castor, C. 

— Werenfrid, C. 

— Anselm, B. C. 

— MARY OF SUC- 

COURS, V. 

— Philip Beniti, C. 

— Hedwiges, W. 

— Sozon, M. 

— Sergius, M. 

— Euseus, H. 

— Theobald, C. 

SS. Aquila and Ptiscilla, 

MM. 
SS. Crispin and Crispinian, 

MM. 
St. Honorius, B. C. 

— Wendelin, C. 



250 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



Shrine — presented to K. Dagobert 

at his side .... 

and sceptre .... 

standing before that of SS. 
Gervase and Protase . 
Sick — around him 

served by him 

visiting 



man carried by him 
Sickle — near her, in a corn field 
Sieve — held by him 

at his feet 

broken .... 
Silversmith — working . 
Sisters of Charity — at his feet, or 

about him .... 
Skin — clothed in . 

of her head taken off 

torn off . 
Skins — clothed in 
Skull — in his hand, or at his feet 

in her hand, or at her feet 



cloven with a sword 
top, mitred, in his hand 
Slaves — ransomed, about him 

fettered, near him . 
Small Pox Marks — on her face 
Soldier — with a sword near her 
Soldiers — driving him to exile 

two, by him 
Sowing — seed 
Spade ..... 

held by a gardener 



St. Eligius, B. C. 

— John of Beverley, B. C. 

— Louis, K. C. 

— Juvencius, B. 

— Grescentius, G. 

— Godfrey, B. G. 

— Camillus, G. 

— Sulpicius, B. G. 

— Leo IX., P. G. 

— Radegundes, Qu. 

— Edward, K. G. 

— Noihburge, V. 

— Hippolytus, M. 

— Benedict, Ab. 

— Ditto. 

— Eligius, or Eloi, B. G. 

■ Vincent of Paul, C. 

- Abraham, H. 

■ Gudelia, M. 

■ Saturninus, B. M. 

- Hilarion, Ab, 

- Jerom, G. D. 

■ Mary Magdalen, 
Penitent. 

- Eutropius, M. 

- Nicasius, B. G. 

- Vincent of Paula, G. 

- Peter of Nolasco, G. 

- John ofMatha, G. 

- Angradesma, V. 

- Euphrasia, V. M. 

- Ingenuinus, B. G. 

- Sigismund, K. M. 

- Gatian, B. C. 

- Fiacre, G. 

- Phocas,M. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR 8AINTS. 251 

Sparbow St. Dominic, C. 

Speaking — with his tongue out out — Eusebius, M. 

Spear — see Lance. 

Speared — and beheaded . — Abundius, M. 

" Spes, Fides, Charitas"— on his breast — Wittibald, B. C. 

Spider— over a chalice . . — Gonrad^B. C. 

Spirit— evil, bound . B. Bernard of Mentlvon,G. 

Spit St. Quintin, M. 

— OengvUph, M. 
Sponge — wiping up the blood of 

martyrs .... SS. Praxedes and Puden- 

tiana, VV. 

and urn St. Potentiana, V. M. 

Spoon— held by a child near him — Augustin, B. G. D. 

Springs of Water — near him . — Callixtus, P. M. 
causing to gush forth from a rock — Gorentinus, B. C. 
Square — carpenter's or builder's . — Joseph, C. 

— Jude, Ap. 

— Matthew, Ap. 

— Thomas, Ap. 

— Mathias, Ap. 
Stabbed — in the back ... — Quiriacus, B. M. 

at Mass . — Narcissus, B. G. 

on horseback — Edward, K. M. 

in the shoulder — Ditto. 
through his left shoulder . — Robert, G. 
with javelins, to death . . — Lambert, B. M. 
by two assassins ... — Frederick, B. M. 
Stable — a pope kneeling in . — Marcellus, P. M. 

Staff — budding, and box of ointment — Joseph ofArimathea, G. 
and open book ... — Barnabas, Ap. 

and cup — Ghamael, Angel. 

and bread .... — O alius, Ab. 
and glove .... — Bavo, Anchoret. 
tipped with a star ... — Nicholas of Tolenti- 

num, G. 
with crucifix .... — Dominic, G* 
with a cross .... — Laurence, M. 



232 ZVBLKXS WITH THEIR 9AESTS. 

Staff — pilgrim's . ... St. Jnmet Gn&Ur, Ap. 
and rosary .... — Frames* Xmwitr, C. 
with bar at top ... — Anthony, Ab. 
with bell hanging from it — Ditto. 

with which he cored the blind — Gebhard, B. C. 
with bar at top and sharp pointed 
end, set on a demon under his 

feet — John Ghtatbert, Ab. 

budding, and crosier — Etkddreda, V. 

Stag ...... — Julia* Hospitator, C. 

— Rieml, C. 

white — Felix of Valois, C. 

drinking at a fountain . . — Ditto. 
crouching at his feet — Aidan, B. C. 

with flames at the ends of its 

horns .... — Ida, W. 

with crucifix between its horns — Eustachius, M. 
the same, or on a book . — Hubert, B. C. 

Stags — two, near her ... — Maerina, Recluse. 
Stairs — or steps, carrying, or lying 

under — Alexius, C. 

Stake — hands tied to it . — Afra, M. 

bound to, and stoned . . — Policronius, B. M. 
and faggots .... — Anastasia, V, M. 
tied to, and scourged with 

scorpions .... — Concordia, V. M. 
two youths scourged at . SS. Justus and Pastor, 

MM. 
knotted, through his bowels . St. Benjamin, M. 
burnt at .... — Afra, M. 

tied to, and torn with hooks . SS. Audi/ax and Aba- 

cum, MM. 
thrust into his bowels . . St. hchirion, M. 
Standard — see Banner. 
Star — over his head, or on his head, 

forehead, or breast . — Dominic, C. 

on his forehead ... — Humbert, G. 
over his forehead ... — Bernardin, C. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 253 

Stab — on his breast St. Bruno, C. 

— Thomas of Aquin, C D. 
on his breast, or in his hand — Swidbert, B. C. 

on his head, as he walks on the 

water — Peter of Alcantara, C. 

on his breast, over his grave, or 
behind him . . . — Nicholas of Tolentinum, 

C. 
holding up in his hands — Swidbert, B. C. 

in the curve .of his crosier . — Ditto. 
on her breast .... — Athanasia, Abbess. 
over her as she is weaving . — Ditto. 
round his head: hermit of St. 
Augustin .... — Nicholas of Tolentinum, 

C. 
Stars — round his head in the Con- 
fessional .... — Jolm Nepomucen, M. 
seven appearing to him in his 

sleep — Hugh of Grenoble, B. C, 

Statue — of B. Virgin in her hand — Hedwiges, W. 

on a book . — Dominic, C. 
of Jupiter, overturning . — MarceUus, M. 

Statues — of Emperors thrown down 

by an earthquake . — Gregory III., P. C. 

Stigma — in her hand: rays from it — Catherine of Sienna, V. 
Stigmas — of the wounds of our £. 

Saviour .... — Francis of Assissium, 

0. 

— Catherine of Sienna, V. 
B. Bridget, 0. P. 

cross, lily, book: crown at her 

feet St. Margaret of Hungary, 

Wid. 
Stocks — prisoners released from . — Leonard, C. 
Stole — in his hand . , .. — Paul of Constantinople, 

B.M. 
Stone — near him, or beating his 

breast with * — Jerom, C. D. 

w 



254 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIB 8AINT8. 



Stone — and club 

red hot in his hand 

pressed to his breast 

large one, carrying in his arm 

cut through with a scythe 

and sword .... 

in his hand .... 

about his neck : thrown into the 

river Ens .... 
about his neck 

tied to her neck: thrown into 

the water .... 
in her hand .... 
carried by a nun 
Stones — in his robe or hand 
in his chasuble 
in his lap .... 
child holding three 

crushed between two 

showered upon him by the devil 

in her lap .... 

three 

Stone Coffin — by him 

Stoned 



bound to a stake . 

and dragged by her feet 
Stool — red hot 
Storm— -stilled by his prayers 

at sea stilled 



8t. Timothy, B. M. 

— CongaU, Ab. 

— Barnabas, Ap. 

— Bono, Anchoret. 

— Albert, C. 

— Pancras, M. 

— Zeno, M. 

— Florian t M. 

— Pantaleon, M. 

— CaUixtus, P. M. 

- Symphorosa, M. 

- Theodosia, V. M. 

- Euphrasia, V. 

- Stephen, M. 

- Elphege, B. M. 

- Vitali*,M. 

- Joseph Barsabas, 
B. G. 

- Artemiu8,M. 

- Romanus, Recluse. 

- Emerentiana, V. M. 

- Barnabas, Ap. 

- Oualfard, H. 

- Barnabas, Ap. 

- Timothy, B. M. 

- Chrysanthus, M. 

- VitaUs, M. 

- Maximus, M. 

- Onesimus, M. 

- Eusebius, B. M. 

- Policronius, B. M. 

- Cointha, V. M. 

- Attains, M. 

- Aidan, B. C. 

- Albert of Sienna, H. 

- PhUibert, Ab. 



EMBLEM8 WITH THEIR 8AINTS. 



255 



Strangled 



with her veil .... 
Stripes — shewing to a King 
Stripping — himself to clothe the 



poor 

Strips — cut from a hide 

Sultan — preaching to . 

Sun— on his breast 

and stars on his breast . 

in glory above his head 

with monogram I H 8 in his 

hand 

Sunbeam — his cloak hung upon: 

standing before a bishop . 
Sunbeams— over his head 
Surgical Instruments . 

Swan — by his side 



Swans — by his side 
Sword — in his hand 



and a well before him 

or lance 
borne by a priest . 
or a crown with it . 
between his teeth 



St. DesideHus, B. M. 

— Paul of Constantinople, 

B.M. 

— Saturninus, B. M. 

— Goddieve, V. M. 

— Ludmilla, V. M. 

— Laurence, B. C. 

— Odo, Ab. 

SS. Crispin and Crispi- 

nian, MM. 
St. Francis of Assissium, 

a. 

— Thomas of Aquin, 

CD. 

— Nicholas of Tolenti- 

num, C. 

— Albany M. 

— Vincent Ferrer, C. 

— Gothard, B. C 

— Columban, Ab. 

SS. Cosmos and Damian, 

MM. 
St. Hugh of Grenoble, 

B.C. 

— Ludger, B. C. 

— Cuthbert, B. C 

— Paul,Ap. 

— James Greater, Ap. 

— Secundus, H. 

— Dominic, C. 

— Gengulph, M. 

— Eulogius, B. M. 

— Valentine, M. 

— Alban, M. 

— Juvehalis, B. M. 



256 



EMBLEM8 WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



Sword — across his head, or in it . 



held by the point 
cleaving his skull 
across his breast 

stabbed with . 
piercing his breast 



her body 

a book, or upon a book 
with serpent twined round it 
with crown of thorns round the 

hilt 

inverted, and archiepiscopal cross 

in her hand .... 
under his feet, cross in his hand 
flaming, in his hand 
held by each 

in her hand, or run into her neck 

in his neck 

through her neck . 

in her hand 

piercing the devil 

in her breast . 

with seven heads on the blade 

leaning upon .... 
and crown .... 



and vase 



St. Thomas of Canterbury, 
B.M. 

— Peter, M. 

— Mathias, Ap. 

— Peter, M. 

— Manuel, B. M. 

— Uriel, Archangel. 

— Magnus, M. 

— Boniface, B. M. 

— Stephen, P M. 

— Angelas, M. 

— Accursius, C. 

— Euphemia, V. Af. 

— Boniface, B. M. 

— John, Ap. 

— Maurice, M. 

— Thomas of Canterbury ; 

B.M. 

— Catherine, V. M. 

— KUian, B. M. 

— Jophiel, Angel. 

SS. Aquila and PrisciUa, 

MM. 
St. Agnes, V. M. 

— Aquilinus, M. 

— Lucy, V. M. 

— Irene, V. M. 

— Dympna, V. 

— Euphemia, V. M. 

— Justina, V. M. 

SS. Felicitas and her 
Seven Sons, MM. 
St. Victoria, V. M. 

— Susanna, V. M. 

— Alcmund, M. 

— Febronia, V. M. 

— Pantaleon, M. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIB SAINTS. 



257 



Swoed — and stone 
and chains 
and club 
and beam 
and church 
and hammer 

and wheel, or fixed in a wheel 
and an idol overthrown 
and flames at her feet 
and millstone 
and dagger 
and book 

and gridiron, or iron bed 
and chalice 
. and palm 
and crosier 

and tower 
Swords — two 

transfixed with 

and scourges with scorpions . 

pierced with two . 

three on the ground 
Tablet — or book, holding 
Taper — carried in procession 

and crosier .... 

lighted 

dropping wax upon her arm . 
Tearing— down a paper from a temple 
Teeth — pulled out 
Temple — heathen, in flames 

of Jupiter overthrown . 

of Diana destroyed by lightning 

of Apollo falling . 
Tent Making .... 



Thistle — holding 



• • 



St. Pancras, M. 

— John ofJanina, C. 

— Arcadius, M. 

— Emilian, B. C. 

— Henry, Entp. 

— Adrian, M. 

— Catherine, V. M. 

— Melitina, V. M. 

— Agnes, V. M. 

— Victor of Marseilles, M. 

— Kilian, B. M. 

— Catherine, V. M. 

— Faith, V. M. ' 

— EwaJd (Black). 

— Ditto. 

— Kilian, B. M. 

— Theodulus, B. C. 

— Leocadia, V. M. 

— Paid, Ap. 

88. Fusca and Maura, MM. 

— Processus and Marti- 

nianus, MM. 
St. Frederick, B. M. 

— Albert, B. M. 

— Serapia, V. 

— Mammertus, B. C. 

— Blase, B. M. 

— Arcadius, M. 

— Bridget, W. 

— John, M. 

— ApoUonia, V. M. 

— ArtemiuSyM. 

— Julian of Mans, B. C. 

— Martina, V. M. 

— Hercidanus, M. 

88. Aquila and Priscilla, 

MM. 
St. Narcissus, B. C. 

w 2 



258 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIB SAINTS. 



Thistle — holding 
Thorn — in his foot 

extracting from a bear's foot . 
Thorns — kneeling on, or wearing 

near him, or rolling in . 

walking orer with a bishop . 
Thrown— off a house, or out of a 
window .... 

into the sea .... 

from a high tower . 

into a river .... 

into a river, or pit, and stoned 

into the Tiber 



into water, or a pit 
Thunder Clouds-— hand raised 
towards .... 

Thurible 

Tile — thrown on his head . 
Tomb — devil issuing from 

opened, exhaling a sweet odour 

filling it with provisions for the 
poor 

bishop lying in it . 
Tonos ...... 



Tongue — his own in pincers 
plucked out . 
cut out .... 
iu his hand 

thrown to a hawk . 
pointing to it with a sword 
still speaking 



St. Caroline, V. 

— Oerlaeh, H. 

— Zenais. 

— Aventimu, O. 

— Jerom, C. D. 

— Benedict, Ab. 

— Dominic, C 

— Serapion, M. 

— Adrian, M. 

— Maximiany.B. M. 

— Sab at, M. 

— Viudis, M. 

— Calepodhu, M. 

SS. Rufina and Secunda, 

VV. MM. 
St. Symphorosa, M. 

— Deodatus, B. G. 
Choir of Seraphim. 
St. Eusebius, B. M. 

— Eucherius, B. C. 

— Deocharue, Ab. 

— Ida, or Itta, W. 

— Servatius, B. C. 

— Charitina, V. M. 

— Felician, B. M. 

— Martina, V. M. 

— Christina, V. M. 

— Livin, B. M. 

— Galaetion, M. 

— Romcmus, M. 

— Leger, or Leodegarius, 

B.M. 

— Quirintts, M. 

— Placidus, M. 

— Eusebiu*, M. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



269 



7 ngues — of fire over her bead 
Tools — of sculptors and masons 

Tooth — held in pincers 
Torch — lighted 

and rosary . 
catching fire on his grave 
in his hand 



in her hand . 
near her 

applied to her side 
and axe . 
and sceptre . 
and sword 
Torches — applied to his sides 



to her sides 

and serpents . 

applied to her in a cauldron 
Torturers — killing each other 
Tower 

with three windows 

with chalice and Sacred Host in 
the entrance 

standing before 

holding .... 

thrown down from 

and sword 
Trampling — on the enemies of the 
faith .... 

on the devil . 

on her father . 
Treasure — found by him . 
Tree— hung to by her hair ^ 

hands in cleft of . 



St. Gertrude, V. 
The Five Crowned 

Martyrs. 
St. ApoUonia, V. M. 

— Blase, B. M. 

— Aidan, B. C. 

— Tosso, or Tozo, B. C. 

— WiUiamofR(£8child,Ab. 

— Theodore Tyro, M. 

— Serapion (Seven 

Sleepers). 

— Barbara, V. M. 

— Eutropia, V. M. 

— Dorothy, V. M. 

— Chrysanthus, M. 

— Emerita, V. M. 

— Theodotus, M. 

— Tryphon, M. 

— Dioscorus, M. 

— Barbara, V. M. 

— Anatolia, V. M. 

— Regma, V. M. 

— Juventius, B. 

— Barbara, V. M. 

— Ditto. 

— Ditto. 

— Praxedes, V. 

— Ambrose, B. C. D. 

— Maximian, B. M. 

— Leocadia, V. M. 

— Optatus, B. C. 

— Theodore, B. C. 

— Barbara, V. M. 

— Oumtramnus, K. O. 

— Zoe, M . 

— Victorinus, H. 



200 



SMBLSX8 WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



Trek — praying beneath 


St. Bonotut, Hermit. 


green, near him 


— Bavo, Anchoret. 




— Eutropius, B. M. 


bound to in flames 


— Afro, M. 


hollow, lying in 


— Ulmar,Ab. 


sitting in, covered with 




thorns 


— Zuirard, H. 


struck by lightning behind him 


— Domains, B. M. 


young, in his hand 


— Sahator ab Horta, C. 


bound to, and torn with hooks 


— Hippolutus, M. 


and flayed alive 


88. Crispin and Crispi- 




nian, 3f AT . 


cypress, her feet nailed to it . 


St. Theodula, M. 


bound to ... . 


— Januarims, B. M. 


bound to with his bowels, and 




scourged .... 


— AmpMbalus, M. 


bound to in form of a cross . 


— Dionysius, B. M. 


hung upon .... 


— Angehu, M. 


writing her name upon 


— Sopkronia, Recluse. 


blossoming above her as she 




sleeps .... 


— EthMreda, Abbess. 


Trees — two, torn between them . 


— Corona, V. M. 


four, bound to them by her hands 




and feet .... 


— Ditto. 


Tripod — red hot, held by a man . 


— Jutta, W. 


Trowel — in his hand : a church 




building near him 


— Winibald, Ab. C. 


Trumpet — sounding in his ear 


— Jerom, C. D. 


Tub — of salt in his hand 


— Rupert, B. G. 


Tub Perforated — tortured in 


— Nicephorus, M. 


Turban — setting foot of a cross upon it 


; — Clare, V. 


Turner's Lathe — and tools . 


— Bernard of Uronio, C. 


Unicorn — crouched at her feet 


— Ju8tina, V. M. 


Urn — and sponge in her hand 


— Potentiana, V. M. 


Vane — in his hand 


— Leonard, C. 


Vase — in his hand 


— John Damasom, C. 


earthen, in his hand 


— Qoar, C. 


of ointment .... 


— Salome, W. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



261 



Vases — in their hands . 

Veil — in her hand 

nun's, given by the Holy Ghost 
strangled with her own 
white, given by the B. V. Mary 

black, fringed with gold 

with impression of our Saviour's 

face 

of St. Veronica before him . 
" Verbum caro factum" on. her heart 

Vessels — earthen, near them 



carrying . . 
holy, distributing in a famine 

carrying 

Vestments — pontifical, bishop 
putting off . 
white, or cope brought by B. V. 

Mary 

brought him by the B. V. Mary 
Vial — in her hand 
Vials — with his blood, on book of 

Gospels .... 
Viaticum — administered to her . 

Vine — in leaf in winter 

at his side .... 



growing on his grave 
Violin .... 
angel playing to him 



S8. Cosmos and Damian, 

MM. 
St. LudmiUa, V. M. 

— Aldegondes, V. 

— LudmiUa, V. M. 

— Mary Magdalen of 

Pazzis, V. 

— Paula, W. 

— Veronica, V. 

— Remigius, B. C. 

— Mary Magdalen of 

Pazzis, V. 
SS. Justa and Rufina, 
MM. 

— Ditto. 

St. Laurence Justinian, 
B.C. 

— Acacius of Amida, 

B.C. 

— Claude, B. C. 

— Ildefonsus, B. M. 

— Norbert, B. C. 

— Walburge, V. Abbess. 

— Januarius, B. M. 

— PetronUla, V. 

— Aleidis, W. 

— Elpidius, Ab. 

— Urban, P. M. 

— Urban of Langres, 

B.C. 

— Davinus, C. 

— Oenesius, M. 

— Francis of Assissium, 

C. 



262 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIB SAINTS. 



Virgin Mabt Blessed— see Blessed 

Vibgiv. 

Virgin — consecrating to God 8t. 

VisoiNs — protected under her mantle — 

slain around her ... — 

Vision— of our B. Saviour . — 

and saints — 

of angels .... — 

reproved in, by the words 

" Ciceronianus es M — 

Visiting — the sick ... — 

holding a black cross — 

Waggon — carrying ... — 

standing in .... — 

Wall — of a city .... — 

Wallet — in his hand ... — 



and scroll 
Wand— in his hand 
Warrior — with his two sons 

in armour 

with large cross 
Washing — the feet of the poor 



of a leper 

Water — changed into wine . 

vessel of, emptied by a woman 
procured from a rock 



by SS. Peter and Paul — 



Hilary of Aries, B. a 

Ursula, V. M. 

Ditto. 

Tarsilla, V. 

Ditto. 

Severinus, B. C. 

Jerome, C. D. 
Leo IX., P. C. 
Margaret of Scotland, 

Qu. 
Bavo, C. 

Francis of Assissium, C. 
Antoninus, Ab. 
Thomas of VUlanova, 

B.C. 
John the Almoner, C. 
Jerom, G. D. 
Zaphkiel, Angel. 
Eustachius, M. 
Oereon, M. 
Acacius, B. G. 
Louis, K. C. 
Editha, V. 
Hedwiges, W. 
Louis of Toulouse, B. 
OaUieanus, M. 
Thomas of Canterbury, 

B. 
Bertulph, Ab. 
VeronuSj G. 
Honoratus, B. C. 
Oummarus, C. 
Francis of Assissium, 

G. 
Martinianus, 0. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINT 8. 



263 



Wateb— carrying vessels of 
two saints saved from * 

walking upon 

standing on upon a cross 

a monk saved from 

going towards . 

walking upon, with a lay brother 
Water Cask — near him 
Watering — flowers 
Wax Tapers — borne in procession to 

meet him .... 
Weaver's — loom .... 

Weaving — star above her 
Weight — fastened to her feet 

lying by her feet . 
Well — thrown into 



by the devil . 
praying and freeing it from a 

dragon 
before him 
behind him 
sitting by 
praying at 
and scythe, or sickle 
Wheel 

tied on, breasts cut off, liver 

torn out .... 
white, on a red ground .. 
and sword, or wheels broken 
set round with lights 
wheel armed with spikes 
broken at his feet . 
Wheels — two, on a post 



St. Thomassus, 0. 

88. Faustinus and Jovita, 

MM. 
8t Aldegondes, V. 

— Ferannan, Ab. 

— Maurus, Ab. 

— Ditto. 

— Peter of Alcantara, C. 

— WiUibrord, B. C. 

— Silvanus, H. 

— Casarius, B. C. 

— Severn* of Ravenna, 

B.C. 

— Athanasia, Abbess. 

— Flavia, M. 

— Nothburge, V. 

— Oereon, M. 

— Callixtus, P. M. 

— Sebastian, M. 

— Euphrasia, V. 

- Donatus, B. M. 

- Gengulph, M. 

- Sigismund, K. M. 

- Theonas, Hermit. 

- Sitha, V. 

- SidweU, V, M. 

- Catherine, V. M. 

- Euphemia, V.M. 

- Encratida, V. M. 

- WiMgis, B. C. 

- Catherine, V. M. 

- Donatus, B. M. 

- Catherine, V. M. 

- Quintin, M. 

- Catherine, V. M. 







Mi EMBLEMS WITH THEI* 5AIXT9. 


Whip — is his hand 


8t. Guthlikt, Hermit. 


Whihui.it .... 


— ViU&t.M. 




— FiddU, it. 


Wn.o Beast— tamed by him 


— Cahmbtm, Ab. 


beasts licking him 


— Ma mm. M. 


killed, lying about him . 


— (Hermann* of Anxerr 




B.C. 


exposed to them . 


— Tatiana. V. M. 


surrounding her 


— Euphemiii. V. Sf. 


him . 


— Jattuarim, B. M. 


commanding them 


— Bla*t, B. M. 


about her 


— Badegandet, (Ju. 


sparing her 


— Theda, V. M. 


and serpents . 


— Magna*. C. 


Wild Boar— mounted upon 


— Cgr, M. 


Wm.ii Game — coming to his hut 


— Ftorentiiu, B. O. 


Wild Geese — flying oir at he 




command 


— Milburge, Abbttt. 


Windlass — or bowel wound rouni 


it — Erotmot, B. M. 


Window— falling out of 


— Pebryitit Pejiitent, 


Wine— flagon of . 


— ElUabtth of Hungary 




0m, 


vessel upon a book 


— Urhan.P.M. 


Win os— wen ring : crucifix in his 1 


ind — Vincent Ferrer, C. 


Wisiioii and Chastity — (figure 


) 


before him . 


— Gregory Nasiamm, 




B. C. D. 


Wolf — with a live child in its rao 


th — Simperlui, B. 0. 


with a goose in its mouth 


— Vtdatt, B. C. 


bringing him a rum's skin 


— Mark, H. 


conducting him into a town 


— Armttpktti, B. C. 


by his side 


— WiUiamafMu-Very 


guarding his body 


— Edmund, K. M. 


bringing back a sheep or calf 


— Bernard of Th. 


Wolf Don — Irish, at his feet 


— Donalia, B. 0. 


Wolves— kneeling among 


— ColumbM, d.b 


guarding his body . 


— Cariiojihorus, M. 



EMBLEMS WITH THEIR SAINTS. 



265 



Wolves — two .... 
Woman — listening to a preacher . 

praying before a church 
Woodman — before him felling a tree 
Wooloards — or woolcomb . 
Working — in mines 

in a marble quarry 

Wound— in her neck 
Wounds — three, in her neck 

of a poor man dressed 
Wreath — green, or of flowers, in her 
hand, or on her head, or both 
Writing — his Apocalypse in Patmos 

religious poems 

her name on a tree 
Yarn — wound off by an old man . 
Youth — taking leave of his royal 
father .... 

kneeling before him 



St. Radegundes, Q. 

— Pelagia, Penitent. 

— Ditto. 

— WiUibald, B. C. 

— Blase, B. M. 

— Paphnutim, B. C. 
SS. Polianus and Neme- 

8ian, MM. 
St. Lucy, V. M. 

— Cecily, V. M. 

— Catherine of Sweden, V. 

— Cecily, V. M. 

— John, Ap. and Ev. 

— ApoUinarU Sidonius, 

B.C. 

— Sophronia, Recluse. 

— Julian, C. 

— Eutropius, B. M. 

— Vindician, B. C. 



PATRONS OF 



&rts, ®ra&5, mA fwjfmums. 



IMAAMA^M^^MA^A 



Archers 

Architects 

Artillerymen 

Bakers . 

Barbers 

Bookbinders 

Brewers 



Carpenters and Joiners 

Champioas 

Children 

Cobblers 

Cooks . 

Crossbowmen 

Drapers 

Dyers . 

Embroiderers 

Farriers 

Firework-makers 

Fishmongers 

Gardeners 



St. Sebastian, M. 

— Barbara, V, M. 

— Ditto. 

— Honorius, B. C. 

— Cosmos, M. 

— John before the Latin 

Gate, Ap. Ev. 

— Adrian, M. 

— Amand, B. C. 

— Joseph, C. 

— Drausinus, B. C. 

— Nicholas, B. C. 

— Ursula, V. M. 

— Euseus, C. 

— Laurence, M. 

— Christopher, M. 

— Ursula, V. M. 

— Maurice, M. 

— Clarus, M. 

— John Baptist. 

— Barbara, V. M. 

— Magnus, M. 

— UrbanofLangres,B.C 

— Fiacre, C. 



PATRONS OF ARTS, TRADES, ETC. 



267 



Glaziers 

Goldsmiths . 

Grooms 

Hatters 

Hood-makers 

Horse-soldiers 

Hunters 



Husbandmen 
Innkeepers . 
Lawyers 
Locksmiths . 
Masons . 



Millers . 

Miners (in Cornwall) 

Mowers 

Musicians 



Navigators, or Sailors 



Notaries 
Painters 

Papermakers 

Peasants 

Philosophers 

Physicians 



St. James Allemanmus, C. 

— Mark, Ev. 

— Dunstan, B. C. 

— Ann, W. 

— Clement, P. M. 

— Severus, B. C. 

— George, M. 

— Hubert, B. G. 

— Eustachius, M. 
-— WaUtan, C. 

— Theodotus,M. 

— Yvo, c. 

— Eligius, B. C. 
*- Thomas, Ap. 

— Betesus, C. 

— Arnold, G. 

— Victor of Marseilles, C. 

— Kieran, or Pieran, C. 

— WaUtan, C. 

— Cecily, V. M. 

— Gregory Great, P. C. D. 

— GermanusofParis,B.C. 

— Odo of Cluny, Ab. 

— Aldric, B. C. 

— Dunstan, B. G. 

— Nicholas, B. G. 

— Christopher, M. 

— Peter Gonzales, or 

Elmo, G. 

— Mark, Ev. 

— Luke, Ev* 

— Lazarus, G. 

— John before the Latin 

Gate, Ap. Ev. 

— Lucy, V. M. 

— Catherine, V. M. 
88. Cosmos and Damian, 

MM. 



268 



PATBONS OP ABTS, TRADES, ETC. 



i 



Physicians 
Potters . 



Ropemakers 



Saddlers .... 
Servantmaids and Housekeepers 
Shepherds .... 



Shoemakers . 



Smiths 
Soldiers 
Spinsters 
Stonemasons 

Students 



Tailors 



Tapestry weavers 
Theologians 

Tilemakers . 
Travellers 
Vine dressers 

Washerwoman 
Waxchandlers 
Weavers 



St. Pantaleon, M. 

— Goar, C. 

— Fiacre, C. 

— Paul, Ap. 

— Catherine, V. M. 

— Gualfard, H. 

— Zita, V. 

— Wendelin, C. 

— Drugo, O. 

88. Crispin and Crispinian* 

MM. 
St. Eligius, B. C. 

— George, M. 

— Catherine, V. M~ 

— Reinoldns, C. 

— Blase, B. M. 

— Jerom, C. D. 

— Laurence, M. 

— Matkurin, C. 

— Mary Magdalen, Pent. , 

— Catherine, V. M. 

— Gregory Great, P. C. D. 

— Homobonus, C. 

— John Baptist. 

— Lucy, V. M. 

— Francis, C. 

— Augustin, B. O. D. 

— Thomas ofAquin, C. Z>. 

— Fiacre, C. 

— Julian Hospitator, C. 

— Urban, P. M. 

— Urbanof Langres,B. C. 

— Hunna. 

— Nicholas, B. G. 

88. Crispin and Crispinian, 

MM. 
St. Stephen, M. 

— Arregondes. 



PATRONS OF 



O^mrtrtes u& §itm. 



Aberdeen St. Machan, B. G. 

Aix \ — Maximinus, B. G. 

Alcala — Jucunda, V. M, 

SS* Justus and Pastor, 
MM. 

St. Asturius. 

— Didacus, C. 
Altaich . . . — Peter, Ap. 
Amarante — Gundisalvus. 

— Amarantus. 

Amiens — John Baptist. 

Ancona — Cyriacus, B. M. 

Angers — Maurice, M. 

— Alb an, M. 

— Rene. 
Antequera .... — Euphemia, V. M % 

— Justin, M. 

Aquileia — Hermagoras. 

Ardagh — (Diocese) ... — Mel, B. G. 
Ardfert and Clonfert — (Dioceses) . — Brendan, Ah. 

Arezzo — Donatus, B. M. 

Aries — Trophymus, M. 

Armagh — (Diocese) ... — Malachy, B. G. 
Arras — Vedast, B. G. 

x 2 



270 



PATRONS OF COUNTRIES AND CITIES. 



Ascoli 
Asti 

Asturia . 
Augsburg 



Autun 
Auxerre 

Avignon 



Avranches 

Babur 

Bacharach 

Baden 

Badajoz 



Bamberg — (Bishopric) . 
(City) . . 
Barcelona 



Basle — (Bishopric) 

(City) 
Batenburg 

Battle Abbey 
Bavaria . 

Bavonne 
Beauvais 



St. Emidius. 

— 8ecundus, M. 

— Ephrem, O. D. 

B. VIRGIN MARY. 
St. Ulric, B. C. 

— Afra, M. 

— Lazarus, G. 

— Euphemia, V. M. 

— Justin, M. 

— John Baptist. 

— Peter of Luxemburg, 

B.C. 

— Benezet, G. 

— Andrew, Ap. 

— Walstan, G. 

— Werner. 

— Peter, Ap. 

— Vincent, M. 

— Maurus, Ab. 

SS. Henry and Cunegundes. 
B. VIRGIN MARY. 
St. Eulalia, V. M. 

— Severus, M. 

— JEtherius. 

— Pacian. 

— Matrona. 

— Oldegaris. 

— Candidus. 

— Sabinus, B. M. 

— Ursicinus, B. M. 
B. VIRGIN MARY. 
St. Victorinus, M. 

— Stephen, M. 

— Martin, B. G. 

B. VIRGIN MARY. 
St. George, M. 

— Leo, P. C. D. 

— Lucian, B. M. 



PATRON 8 OF COUNTRIES AND CITIES. 271 

Berg B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. Michael, Archl. 

— Martin, B. C. 

— Oswald, K. M. 

Bergen — Pancras, M. 

Berlin — Paul, Ap. 

Berne — Vincent, M. 

Besancon — John Baptist. 

— Linus, P. M. 
(Diocese) ... — Claude, B. C. 

Biscay — Ignatius, C. 

Blois B. VIRGIN MARY. 

Bohemia St. Norbert, B. C. 

— Wenzel. 

— John Nepomucen, M. 

— Adalbert, B. M. 

SS. Cyril and Methodius. 

— Cosmos and Damian, 

MM. 
St. Veit. 

— Ludmilla, V. M. 

— Procopius, M. 
Bologna — Petronius, B. C. 

— Dominic, C. 

— Francis, C. 

— Benedict, C. 

— Proculus, M. 

— Eliyius, B. C. 
Bordeaux — Andrew, Ap. 

— Martial, B. 

— Severinus, or Surin, 

B.C. 

— Gilbert. 

— Delphinus. 

Boulogne — Joseph, C. 

Bourges — Stephen, M. 

— Ursinus. 
Bozzolo — Exuperiusy B. C. 



272 



PATRONS OF COUNTRIES AND CITIES. 



Brabant St. Peter, Ap. 

— Philip, Ap. 

— Andrew, Ap. 

Brackley — Bumwald, O. 

Braga — Leontius. 

— Ovidius. 

— Autbert. 

— Apollonius, M. 

— Martin, B. C. 
Brandenburg .... — John Baptist. 

Breisack — Stephen, M. 

Bremen — Anscharius, B. C. 

— Peter, Ap. 

— Waiehad, B. C. 
Brescia — Faustinas, M. 

— Apollonius, M. 
Breslau — (Bishopric) ... — John Baptist. 

(City) .... — Wenzd,M. 

Brie — Fiacre, C. 

Brieux — Brieuc, or Briocus, 

B.C. 

Bruges — Donatian, B. M. 

Brunswick — (House of) — Andrew, Ap. 

(City) ... — Autor. 

— Ann. 

— Christopher, M. 
Brussels — Michael, Archl. 

— Gudule, V. 
Buckingham .... — Bumwald, C. 

Burgundy — Andrew, Ap. 

Burgos — Juliana, V. 

— Radegundes, Qu. 

— Victoria, V. M. 

— Adelelm. 
Burton-upon-Trent ... — Modwena, V. Ab. 
Cadiz — Susanna, V. M. 

— Martha, V. 

— Servandus. 



PATRONS OF COUNTBIB8 AND CITIES. 273 

Cahors St. Gengulph, M. 

— Stephen, M. 

Calahorra — Emetherius. 

Camerino — Venantius, M. 

— Ansovinus, B. C. 
Cambray — John Baptist 

— Maximilian. 

Campten — Magnus, Ab. 

Canary Islands .... — Avitus. 

Canterbury — Anselm, B. O. 

Carinthia — Leopold. 

— Rupert. 
Carthagena — Charitina, V. M. 

— Hippolytus, M. 

— Adelhard. 

— Fulgentius, B. C. 

— Modestus, M. 

— Candida, V. M, 

Casale — Evasius. 

Cashel — (Diocese) . — Albert, B. C. 

Castro — Savinus. 

Castiglione B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. Antoninus, B. C. 

— Francis of Assissium, C. 

— Oeminianus, B. C. 
Chalons sur Marne . . . B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. Stephen, M. 

— Memie. 
Chalons sur Saone ... — Vincent, M. 

— MarceUus, P. M. 
Chartres B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. Savinian. 

Chester — Wereburge, V. Abbess. 

China — Joseph, C. 

Ciudad Rodrigo .... — Absalom. 

— Athanasius, B. C. D. 
Clermont B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. ApoUinaris, B. M. 



SKSKHtf Iff n 



Cu**4* 



CUv 




Ovvswr — Jf«rtiL A C 

^>^^>*>— >^*J^Ju^!fi- . — P<iftr. -J*. 

CSay, . . . . J*r TJbwr JToys. 

5«l OMfa. r. jr. 

<>fiuy#?s%x — J4smm r Grsms\ Ap. 

tynwXx — 

OwJ* — Waswslf. C. 

(>/uw/r — ( l>Vrt*V:) ... — Jfcorijr. B. C. 
(>/it*\*uvt — Conrad, B. C. 

— Pelaguu, M. 

CwtaA — Kilian, B. M. 

CorhUfr -(S\,\*y) — Vums,M. 

Vordttva — Dominic, C. 

— Eugenia, V. If. 

— Eulogius, B. M. 

— Columba, V. M. 

— Faustus, M. 

— Lupus, B. G. 

— Narcissus, B. C. 

— Valerian, M. 

— Roderick. 

Corfu — Nicholas, B. 0. 

Oork— (I)ioco»e) .... — Finbar, B. C. 
Corrogflio — Quirinus, M. 



PATRONS OF 0OUNTEIE8 AND IT IB 8. 275 

Corvey B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. Vitus, M. 

Crete — Titus, B. C. 

Croyland — Guthlahe, Hermit. 

Dayenter — Lebvin, C. 

Decian — Theories, M. 

Derby — Alcmund, M. 

Derry — (Diocese) .... — Columb, B. C. 

— Eugene, B. C. 

Dijon — Benignus, M. 

Dortmund — Remold. 

Dorpat — Peter, Ap. 

Dromore — (Diocese) ... — Colman, B. 0. 
Dublin — (Diocese) ... — Laurence, B. C. 
Dumblane — Laurence, M. 

— Blane, B. C. 

Dueren — Oswald, K. M. 

Durham — Cuthbert, B. C. 

East Friesland .... — John Baptist. 

— Ludger, B. C. 

— Stephen, M. 

Edinburgh — Giles, Ab. 

Eichstadt— (Bishopric) . . B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. WaUmrge, V. 

— WiUibald, B. C. 
Elphin — (Diocese) ... — AsicJc, B. O. 
Emly — (Diocese) .... — Albe, B. G. 

Elvira — Liberatus. 

England B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. Michael, Archl. 

— George, M. 

— Thomas of Canterbury, 

B.M. 

— Edward, K. C. 
Essen SS. Cosmos and Damian, 

MM. 
St. Engelbert. 
Este * — Geminianus, M. 



976 paxbovs of oonrrmiss akd 

Event £*. 

Evrenx — 

Faenza « — 

Fano — 

Fermo B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. Bartholomew, Ap. 
Ferns — (Diocese) .... — Edam, B. C 
Ferrara — Gemini anus, B. C. 

— George, M. 

— MaureUus, B. C. 

— Prosper. 

— Theodore, B. C. 
Florence — John Baptist. 

— Zenobius, B. C. 

Foligno — Felician, M. 

Folkestone — Eanswede, V. Ab. 

Forli — MercuriaUs. 

Franeonia — Kilian, B. M. 

Frankfort — John Baptist. 

— Paul, Ap. 
France B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. Michael, Archl. 

— Dionysius, B. M. 
Freiburg — (Breisgau) ... — Alexander, M. 

(Switzerland) . . — Nicholas, B. C. 

Freju9 — Leon tins. 

Freysingen — Corbinian, B. C. 

Friesland — Boniface, B. C. 

— Lodger, B. G. 

Fulda — Boniface, B. M. 

St. Gall — GaUus, Ab. 

Gatinois — Mathurin, C. 

Genoa — George, M. 

— John Baptist. 
Ghent — Ditto. 

(Diocese) .... — Bavo, C. 

— Livin, B. M. 

— Donatian, B. M. 



PATBONS OF COUNTBIES AND CITIES. 277 

Ghistelles St. Godelieve, V. 

Giesen — Pancras, M. 

Girona — Lambert, B. G. 

— Oentdph. 

— Dcdmatiu8. 

Glarus — Fridolin, Ab. 

Glasgow — Kentigern, or Mungho, 

G. 

Glastonbury — Joseph of Aremathea, G. 

Glendalouch— {Diocese) . . — Kevin, Ab. 

Goslar B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. Simon, Ap. 

— Jude, Ap. 

— Mathias, Ap. 

Gottingen B. VIRGIN MARY. 

Granada St Gregory, P. G. D. 

— John of God, G. 

— Anastasius, M. 

— Gedlius, M. 

— Liberatus. 

Grenoble — Hugh, B. G. 

Grceningen — John Baptist. 

— Martin, B. G. 

Gronsfeldt — George, M. 

Guastalla B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St Barbara, V. M. 

— Charles, B. G. 

Gubbio — Ubaldus, B. G. 

Guelderland — John Baptist. 

— Martin, B. G. 

Guimaraens — Damascus. 

Haerlem . ... — Bavo, G. 
Halberstadt — (Bishopric) . . — Stephen, M. 
Hamburg B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St Peter, Ap. 

Hameln B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. Boniface, B. M. 
Hampstead B. VIRGIN MARY. 

Y 



279 patboss or ooujctbies axd cities. 

Hanover B. VIRGIX MARY. 

Hatzfeld — Ditto. 

Heiligenstadt . ... St. Martin, B. C. 

Herford B. VIRGIN MARY. 

Hersfeid £t. Wigbert, Ab. 

Hessen — Elizabeth, Qu. 

Hildesheim B. VIRGIN MARY. 

8t. Anthony of Padua, C 

HoUtein — Andrew, Ap. 

Horn — Martin, B. C. 

Hoxter B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. Vitus, M. 
Hungary B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. LadisUu, K. C. 

Imola — Cassian, M. 

Ingolstadt — John Baptist. 

Ireland — Patrick, B. G. 

— Bridget, V. Abbess. 
Jacca — Paul, Ap. 

Jaen — Lumbrosa. 

— Facundus. 

— Solomon. 
Jcvcrn . . . - . . . — Daniel. 
Jtiiich — Giles, Ab. C. 

— Hubert, B. C. 
Juliers ...... — Ditto. 

Kemptcn — HUdegardis, V. 

(City) .... — Magnus, C. 

Kildaro — (Diocese) ... — Conleth, B. C. 

— Bridget, Abbess, 

Kilkenny — Canicus, or Kenny, Ab 

Kilmacduagh — (Diocese) . . — Colman, B. G. 

Killala — (Diocese) ... — Muredach, B. C. 

Killaloo — (Diocese) ... — Flanan, B. G. 

Kill-Fiachna — Fiaohna, C. 

Klostornenburg .... — Leopold, C. 

Langrcs SS. Justus and Pastor, 

MM. 



PATRONS OF COUNTRIES AND CITIES. 



279 



Langrcs 

Laon 

Lausanne 

Lavania 

Laybach 

Leighlin 

Leipzig . 

Lens 

Leon 



Leopold 
Leyden . 
Liege . . 
Limerick — (Diocese) 
Limoges 



Lisbon 



Lithuania 
Li viand . 
London . 
Lorraine 
Lorsch . 
Lotharingia 
Lbwen . 
Lucca 
Lubeck . 
Lublin . 
Lucerne 
Luttich 



St. Mammez. 

— Dizier. 

— Qenebaud. 

B. VIRGIN MARY. 
St. Theonestus, M. 

— Nicholas, B. C. 

— Laserian, B. C. 

— John Baptist. 

— Vulgan, C. 

— Isidore, B. C. D. 

— Pelagius, M. 

— Servandus, B. C. 

— Ramirus. 

— Claudius, 

— Stanislas Kostka, O. 

— Pancras, M. 

— Lambert, B. O. 

— Muncain, B. C. 

— Stephen, M. 

— Martial, B. C. 

— Adrian, M. 

— Vincent, M. 

— Aucta. 

— Natalia, V. M. 

— George, M. 

B. VIRGIN MARY. 
St. Paul, Ap. 

— Nicholas, B. C. 

— Nazarius, M. 

— Stephen, M. 

— Peter, Ap. 

— Martin, B. C. 

— John Baptist. 

— Stanislas Kostka, C. 

— Leodegarius, B. M. 
B. VIRGIN MARY. 
St. Hubert, B. C. 

— Lambert, B. G. 



J0* 



W 



£*ww»ntvirx 










— Stfixu*. B. M. 

— VUatian^M. 

— TaUnMS, B. M. 

Mny/UhnrK — Maurice, M. 

Mftfetcft — Patrick. B. C. 

— Amasuindus. 

Hi. Mfilo — MacloviuSyOr Machutui. 

Mfiltft — John Baptist. 

MuriH — Julian, B. C. 

M an » fri d — George, M. 

Mantuu B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. Aloysius Gonzaga, C 

— Anselm, B. G. D. 

— Barbara, V. M. 

— Catherine, V. M. 

— George, M. 

— Longinus. 

8. Mnrino — Marinus* 

MiUHoillos — Lazarus. 

— Mary Magdalen. 



PATB0N8 OF 00UNTBIE8 AND CITIES. 281 

Maestricht St. Servatius, B. G. 

Maubeuge — Aldegundes. 

Meaux — Sainetinus. 

Mechlin — Rambutinus. 

— Rumold, M. 
Mentz B. VIRGIN MABY. 

St. AUban, B. M. 

— Martin, B. G. 

— WiUigis,B.G. 
Metz — Arnulphus, B. G. 

— Clement, P. M. 

— Stephen, M. 
Mecklenburg .... — John, Ap. 

Meissen — Donatus, B. M. 

Merida — Eulalia, V. M. 

— Renovatus. 

— Lucretia, V. M. 

— HermogeneSy M. 

Merseburg — Laurence, M. 

Milan ...... — Ambrose, B. C. D. 

— Qervase, M. 

Minden — Andrew, Ap. 

Mirandolo — Agatha, V. M. 

— Alexander. 

— Antoninus, B. G. 

— Francis, G. 

— Possidonius. 
Modena B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. Geminianus, B. G. 
Mons — Benedict, Ab. 

— Waltrude, W. 

Montauban — Theodatus. 

Montpelier . — Peter, Ap. 

— Roch, G. 
Montserrat . . . • . . — John Baptist. 

— Theodore. 

— Evasius. 
Moscow — Nicholas, B. G. 

y 2 



282 PATRONS OF COUNTRIES AND CITIES. 

Minister St. Ludger, B. C. 

(Bishopric) ... — Paul, Ap. 

Munsterberg .... — Christopher, M. 

Nantes — Peter, Ap. 

(University) ... — Yvo, C. 

Naples — Januarius, B. M. 

— Thomas ofAquin, C. D. 
Narbonne 88. Justus and Pastor, 

MM. 
Navarre St. Francis Xavier, C. 

— Raymund, C. 
Neuss — Quirinus. 

Nevers 8S. Gervase and Protase, 

MM. 

St. Cyr, M. 
Nimwegen B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. George, M. 

— Stephen, M. 

Nivelles — Gertrude, V. 

Nordheim B. VIRGIN MARY. 

Nordlingen St. John Baptist. 

Norway — Olave, K. M. 

Noyon — Eligius, B. G. 

— Medard, B. G. 
Nuremberg — Laurence, M. 

— Sebaldus, Hermit. 
Offenburg . . • . . . — Peter, Ap. 

Oldenburg B. VIRGIN MARY. 

Olmutz — Ditto. 

St. Wenzel. 

St. Omer — Audomar, or Omer, 

B. G. 

Oppenheim — John Baptist. 

Orleans — Anian, B. C. 

Orvieto — Peter, Ap. 

Osnaburg — Paul, Ap. 

(Bishopric) ... — Giles, Ab. 

— Peter, Ap. 



PATRONS OF COUNTRIES AMD CITIES. 



283 



Ossory — (Diocese) St. Kir an, B. C. 

Ottingen — Wolfgang, B. C. 

— Sebastian, M. 
Oviedo — Eulogius, M. 

— Spiridion, B. C. 

Oxford — Frideswide, V. 

Paderborn B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. Liborius, B. C. 

— Meinulphus. 

Padua — Anthony of Padua, C. 

— Daniel. 

Palamos — Sothica. 

Palentia — Antoliniu. 

Pampeluna — Firminus. 

— Sophronius, 

— Delphinus. 

— Victor. 
Paris — Romanus, M. 

— Genevieve, V. 
Parma — Hilary. 

— John Baptist. 

— Thomassus. 

— Vitalis, M. 

— Roger, B. C. 
Passau — (Bishopric) ... — Stephtn, M. 

Pavia — Cyr, M. 

Perigueux — Stephen, M. 

— Frontus. 

Perpignan — Honorattts, B. C. 

Perugia — Herculanus. 

— Oonstantius. 
Pesaro B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. Andrew, Ap. 

— Anthony, Ab. 

— Helen, Empress. 

— Terentius. 

Pfalz — Stephen, M. 

Piedmont — Benignus, M. 



284 



PATROLS OF COUNTRIES AND CITIES. 



Piedmont St. George, M. 

— Theories, M. 

Pisa B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. Reinerus, G. 
Placentia — Antoninus, B. G. 

— Justina, V. M. 

— Donatus. 
Plombino B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. Augustin, B. C. D. 

— Radegundes, Qu. 

Poitiers — Hilary, B. G. 

Poland — Stanislas, B. M. 

— Stanislas Kostka, G. 
Pomerania B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. Gtho. 
Portugal — Thomas, Ap. 

— George, M. 

Postna — Stanislas Kostka, G. 

Provence — Quiriacus, B. M. 

Prussia B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. Adalbert, B. M. 

Quimper — Corentin, B. G. 

Ragusa — Blase, B. M. 

Raphoe — (Diocese) ... — Eunan, B. C. 

Ratisbon — Eberhard, B. C. 

Rechem — Peter, Ap. 

— George, M. 
Regensburg — (Bishopric) . . — Stephen, M. 

— Wolfgang, B. G. 

— Peter, Ap. 
Reichstein — James Great, Ap. 

— Christopher, M. 

Rennes — Moderandus. 

Reval B. VIRGIN MARY. 

Rheims St. Remigius, B. C. 

Rhodes — Amandus, B. G. 

Rimini — Julian. 

Riom • — Amabilis. 



PATRONS OF COUNTRIE8 AND CITIES. 



285 



Rome 



Boss and Kilfenora 
Rotterdam 



Rouen 
Russia 



Saintes . 
Salamanca 

Saluzzo 
Salzburg 

Santillana 
Saragossa 



Savona 
Savoy 



Saxony .... 

Schleswig 

Schwarzburg — (House of) 

Schweitz 

Sahwytz 

Scotland 



SS. Peter and Paul, 

App. 
St. Fachan, C. 

— Laurence, M. 

— Nicasius, B. M. 

— Machvius. 

— Andrew, Ap. 

— Nicholas, B. C. 

SS. Romanus and David, 

MM. 
St. Wladimir. 

— Eutropius. 

SS. Cosmas and Damian, 

MM. 
St. Constantius. 

— Rupert, B. C. 

— Virgiliu8, B. C. 

— Juliana, V. M. 

— Isidore, B. O. D. 

— Maodmus, M. 

— Paul, Ap. 

— Valerius, M. 

— Peter of Arbueso. 

— Theodore. 

B. VIRGIN MARY. 

— Ditto. 
St. Amadeus. 

— John Baptist. 

— Charles, B. C. 

— Theodore. 

— Theories tus. 

— Vitus, M. 

— Andrew, Ap. 

— Martin, B. G. 

B. VIRGIN MARY. 
St. Martin, B. C. 

— Andrew, Ap. 

— Margaret, Qu, 



286 PATRONS OF COUNTRIES AND CITIE8. 



St Claude — (Diocese) . . . St. Irenaus, B. M. 

— Claude, B C. 
St Sebastian .... — Sebastian, M. 

Segovia — Fructuosus. 

Seligenstadt — Benedict, Ab. 

— MarceUinus, M. 

Senlis — Proculus. 

Sens — Savinianus. 

Seville — Bibiana, V. M- 

— CaUixtus, P. M . 

— Felix. 

— Narcissus. 

— Flavian. 

— Pius. 

— Severinus. 

— Florentius. 

— Leander, B. C. 
Sicily B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. Vitus, M. 

— Rosalia, V. 
Siebenburgen B. VIRGIN MARY. 
Sienna — Ditto. 

Sion St. Theodulus. 

Soissons — Gervase, M. 

Solothurn ... . . . — Ursus. 

Sorrento — Antoninus, B. C. 

Spain B. VIRGIN MARY, 

Imm. Cone. 
St. James the Great, Ap. 
Spire — Stephen, M. 

— Philip, Ap. 

Stettin B. VIRGIN MARY. 

Steyermark St. Leopold. 

Stone SS. Wulfhad and RujUtw, 

MM. 

Strasbourg B. VIRGIN MARY. 

St. Othilia, Abbess. 
Kwoina — Conrad, B. C. 



PATRONS OF COUNTRIES AND CITIES. 287 

Sweden. St. Bridget, W. 

— Erich. 

Tarentum — Cataldus, B. C. 

Tarragona — Fructuosus, B. C. 

— Thecla, V. M. 

— Columbaria. 

— Badulph. 

— Ascarius. 

— Agathodurus. 

— Damams. 

Tenterden — MUdreda, V. Ab. 

Terouanne — Omer, B. C. 

Thorn B. VIRGIN MARY. 

8t. Michael, Archl. 

Thann — Theobald. 

Thuringia — Elizabeth. 

— Boniface. 
Toledo — Honoratus. 

— IldepJionsus. 

SS. Justus and Pastor, 

MM. 
St. Lucy, V. M. 

— Leocadia. 

— Raymund. 
-*- Paternus. 

— Julian. 

-T- Fulgentius. 
t- Delphinus. 

— Vitalis, M. 

Tolosa — John Baptist. 

Tortosa — Marciana. 

— Rufus. 

— Gordula. 

Toulon — Honoratus. 

Toulouse ■ -r- Stephen, M. 

-r- Saturninus, M. 

Tournay — Piat, M. 

-T- Eleutherius, B. M. 



268 



PATBOXS OV COUNTRIES AMD CITIES. 



Tours 
Triers 



Trieste . 
Troyes . 

Ulm 

Unterwalden 
Urbino . 

Uri 

Utrecht 



Valence . 
Valencia 



Valenciennes 
Valladolid 
Vence . 
Venice . 



Verona . 

Vigevano 

Vittoria 

Volaterra 

Wales 

Warsaw 

Waterford 

Werden 



8t. Martin, B. G. 

— Gratia*. 

B. VIRGIN MART. 
8t. Matkias, Ap. 

— Helm, Empress. 

— Justus, M. 

— Amator. 

— Lupus, B. C. 

— George, M. 

— Martin, B. C. 

— Tomassus. 

— Crescentius. 

— Martin, B. G. 

— David. 

— John Baptist, 

— Martin, B. G. 

— Walburge, V. Abbess. 

— Apollinaris. 

— Eugenius. 

— Regvlus. 

— Desiderius. 

— Vincent, M. 

— M auras, Ab. 

— Urban, P. M. 

— Gernon. 

— Paul, Ap. 

— Eusebius. 

— Mark, Ev. 

— Justina. 

— Theodore. 

— Zeno. 

— George, M. 

— Formerius. 

— Justus, M. 

— David, B. C. 

— Stanislas Kostha, C. 

— Otteran, B. C. 

— Martin, B. C. 



PATRONS OF COUNTRIES AND CITIES. 



289 



Westphalia . 






St. Joseph, 0. 


Wirtemburg . 






— Ulric, B. C. 


Wismar . 






— Laurence, M. 


Worms . 






— Peter, Ap. 


Wurtzburg . 






— Kilian, B. M. 


Yetminster . 






— Andrew, Ap. 


Ypres .... 






— Martin, B. C. 


Zamora .... 






— Columba. 


— Ildephonsus. 


— Paternu8. 






— Felix. 


— Begida. 


Zwoll .... 






— Michael, ArcM. 



^A/VV«\An/\AA/\AAA/\A/V\AA 



290 



CALENDARS. 



ROMAN CALENDAR. 

J1.XU1.EY. 

1 Circumcision of our Lord 

2 Octave of St. 8tepben 

3 Octave of St. John 

4 Octave of Holy Innocents 

5 Vigil of Epiph. St. Telesphorus, P. If. 

6 Epiphany of onr Lord 

7 Of the Octave 

8 Of the Octave 

9 Of the Octave 
10 Of tbe Octave 

] 1 Of the Octave St. Hyginus, P. M. 

12 Of the Octave 

13 Octave of the Epiphany 

14 St. Hilary, B. C. 8t. Felix, M. 

15 — Paul, H. St. Maurus, Ab. 

16 — Marcellus, P. M. 

17 — Anthony, Ab. 

18 — Peter's Chair at Rome. St Prisca, 

19 SS. Marius, &c, MM. [V. M. 

20 — Fabian and Sebastian, MM. 

21 St. Agues, V. M. 

22 SS. Vincent and Anastastus, MM. 

23 Desponsation of B. V. Mary 

24 St. Timothy, B. M. 

25 Conversion of St. Paul 

26 St. Polycarp, B. M. 

27 — John Chrysostom, B. C. 

28 — Raymund of Pennafort, C. 

29 — Francis of Sales, B. C. 

30 — Martina, V. M. 

31 — Peter Nolasco, C. 



1 
2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 

14 

15 

16 

17 

18 

19 

20 

21 

22 

23 

24 

25 

26 

27 

28 

29 

30 

31 



OLD ENGLISH CALENDAR 
OF SARUM USE. 

JAVUABY. 

Circumcision of onr Lord 

Octave of St. Stephen 

Octave of St. John 

Octave of Holy Innocents 

Octave of St. Thomas of Canterbury 

Epiphany of our Lord 

8r. Lucian and Comp. 



Octave of Epiphany 
St. Felix in Pincis, M. 

— Maurus, Ab. C. 

— Marcellus, P. M. 

— Sulpicius, B. C. 

— Prisca, V. M. 

— Wo 1st an, B. C. 

SS. Fabian and Sebastian, MM. 
St. Agnes, V. M. 

— Vincent, M. 



Conversion of St. Paul 

St Julian. B. C. 

— Agnes (a second time) 



St. Bathildes, Qu. V. 



FRENCH CALENDAR. 

JANUARY. 

1 Circumcision of our Lord 

2 St. Basil, B.C. D. 

3 — Genevieve, V. 

4 — Rigobert, B. C. 

5 — Amelia, V. 

6 Epiphany of our Lord 

7 St. Aldric, B. C. 

8 — Lucian, B. C. 

9 — Fursee, Ab. 

10 — Paul, Hermit 

1 1 — Theodosius, Cenobiarch 

12 Arcadius, M. 

13 Baptism of our Lord 

14 St. Hilary, B.C. 

15 — Maurus, Ab. 

16 — William 

17 — Anthony, Ab. 

18 — Casilda 

19 — Sulpitius 

20 — Sebastian, M. 

21 — Agnes, V. M. 

22 — Vincent, M. 

23 — lldefonsus, B. C. 

24 — Babilas, B. C. 

25 Conversion of St. Paul 

26 St. Paula, W. 

27 — Julian, B. 

28 — Charlemagne, Emp. 

29 — Francis of Sales, B. C. 

30 — Bathildes, Qu. 
fil — Marceila, W. 



SPANISH CALENDAR. 

JANUARY. 

1 Circumcision of oar Lord 

2 St. Isidore, B.M. 

3 — Anterus, B. M. 

4 SS. AquilinKS, &c, MM. 

5 St. Telesphorus, P. M. 

6 Epiphany of our Lord 

7 St. Julian, M. 

8 SS. Lucian, &c, MM. 

9 — Julian and Basilissa, MM. 

10 St. Nicanor, M. 

11 — Hyginus, P. M. 

12 — Benedict, Ab. 

13 — Gumersindus, M. 

14 — Hilary, B. C. 

15 — Paul, Hermit 

18 — Marcellus, P. M. 

17 — Anthony, Ab. 

18 — Peter's Chair at Rome 

19 — Canute, K. 

20 SS. Fabian and Sebastian, MM. 

21 St. Ines, V. M. 

22 SS. Vincent and Anastasius, MM. 

23 St. lldefonsus, B. C. 

24 Our B. Lady of Peace 

25 Conversion of St. Paul 

26 St. Polycarp, B.M. 

27 — John Chrysostom, B. C. 

28 — Julian, B. C. 

29 — Francis of Sales, B. C. 

30 — Martina, V. M. 

31 — Peter Nolasco, C. 



1 



CALENDARS. 



291 



OLD ENGLISH CALENDAR.* 

JANUARY. 

1 St. El van, B. C. 

2 Thousand Martyrs 

3 St. Fintin, Ab. 

4 — Me I or us, M. 

5 — Edward, K. C. 

6 — Peter, Ab. 

7 — Cedda, B. C. 

8 — Wulflne, B. C. 

9 — Brithwald,B. C. 

10 — Adrian, Ab. 

11 — Edwin, B.C. 

12 — Bennet Biscop, A. B. 
IS — Kentigern, B. C. 

14 SS. Maura and Bridget, W. MM. 

15 St. lta,V. 

16 — Henry, Hermit, C. 

17 — Caradoc, Hermit, C. 

18 — Deicola, Hermit, C. 

19 — Wolstan,B. C. 

20 — Richard, Hermit, C. 

21 — Malcallan, Ab. 

22 — Maim bod us, M. 

23 — Theoritbgith, V. 

24 — Cadoc, Ab. 

25 — Paul, Hermit 

26 — Bathildis, On. 

27 — Algina, V. 

28 — Sexulph,B.C. 

29 — Oildas the Elder, C. 

30 — Gildas the Younger, C. 

31 — Wilgig, Ab. 



1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 

14 

15 

16 

17 

IS 

19 

20 

21 

22 

23 

24 

25 

26 

27 

28 

29 

30 

31 



SCOTTISH CALENDAR. 

JANUARY. 

Circumcision of our Lord 
Octave of St. Stephen 
St. Genevieve, V. 
Octave of Holy Innocents 
Vigil of Epiphany 
Epiphany of our Lord 
St. Kentigern, Wid. 

— Nathaian, B. C. 

— Felan, Ab. 



St. Kentigern, B. C. 

— Felix, C. 

— Maurus, Ab. 

— Fursey,Ab. 

— Anthony, Ab. 

— Prisca, V. M. 

SS. Fabian and Sebastian, MM. 
St. Agnes, V. M. 

— Vincent, M. 



Conversion of St. Paul 

St. Julian, B.C. 

— Agnes (a second time) 

— Voloc, B. C. 

— Glastian, B. C. 

— Modoc, B. C. 



GERMAN CALENDAR. 

JANUARY. 

1 Circumcision of our Lord 

2 St. Macarius, Ab. 

3 — Genevieve, V. 

4 — Angela, V. 

5 — Simeon Stylites,H. 

6 Epiphany of our Lord 

7 St. Faraildis 

8 — Gudula, V. 

9 — Juliana, V. 

10 — Paul. Hermit 

1 1 — Theodosius. Cenobiareh 

12 — Arcadiu8,M. 
J3 — Hilary, B.C. 

14 — Holy Name of Jesus 

15 — John Calybite, C. 

16 — Berardus 

17 — Anthony, Hermit 
18— Prisca, V. M. 

19 — Mariut, M. 

20 — Sebastian, M. 

21 — Agnes, V. M. 

22 — Vincent, M. 

23 Desponsation of B. V. Mary 

24 St. Timothy, B. M. 

25 Conversion of St. Paul 

26 St. Polycarp, B. M. 

27 — John Chrysostnm, B. C. D. 

28 — Charlemagne, Emp. 

29 — Valerius, B. M. 

30 — Martina, V. M. 

31 — Peter Nolasco, C. 

* This Calendar occurs in the " Catholic 
1706 and 1738 i also in the M Paradise of the 



1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 

14 

15 

16 

17 

18 

19 

20 

21 

22 

23 

24 

25 

26 

27 

28 

29 

30 

31 



▲: 
Soul" 



GREEK CALENDAR. 

JANUARY. 

Circumcision of our Lord 
St. Sylvester, P. 

— Gordius, M. 
Feast of the Apostles 
St. Theopemptus, M. 
Epiphany of our Lord 
St. John Baptist 

— George Chosebites 

— Polymetes, M. 

— Gregory of Nyssa, B. C. B. 

— Theodosius, Cenobiareh 

— Tart i ana, M. 

— Ermulus, M. 
Fathers on Mount Sinai 
St. John Calybite, C. 

— Peter's Chains 

— Anthony, Hermit 

— Athanasius,B.C.D. St. Cyril, B. C. 

— Macarius of Egypt. St. Arseoius 

— Euthymius, Ab. 

— Maximus, C. 

— Timothy, Apostle 

— Clement. B. M. 

— Xenia, M. 

— Gregory the Theologian, B. C. D. 

— Xenophontes, M. 

— John Chrysostom, B. C. D. 

— Ephrem, C. D. 

— Ignatius, B. M. 

The Three Holy Doctors 

St. Cyril and St. John Thaumaturgus 

" for 1687, and In old "Manuals " of 
in 17*0. 



m 



CALESDABS. 



BOM AS CALENDAJL 


OLD ENGLISH CAI.B3TMB 1 


FftSMTAKT. 


OF SAftrM USE* 1 




^ktbsAar. 3 


1 St. f*aari**, B. V, 


1 Be Bndfeet* ▼. 


2 PariftcatM* of B. V. Mary 


2 >Nmt«*ao«o/B.T. Mavy 


1 St. Bta»*. B. c. 


3 Sc Blast, B. M. 


4 — A»4rew Conhri, B. C. 


4 


4 — At>'ba, X. M. 
* — I>',f>lby. T. M. 


£ «t lMfl,. V %f 


<M.TcdaattdiiiHln ) lB.CC 


7 — R/vmtutid, Abbot 


7 


A — John of Ma'ha, C. 


• 


9 — Ap<»Il/>ftia, V. if. 


t 


10 — Scbolaatiea 


If Be. Hrfcoiarira, T. 

H 1 


11 


12 


12 ! 


13 


M 5 


H St. Valentine, M. 


14 St. Valentin*, M- 1 


15 SS. Fauauntu and Jowita, MM. 


15 1 


1ft 


1« St. Julias*, T. M. 1 


17 


17 1 


1* St. Simeon, B. M. 


18 1 


19 


19 1 


20 


20 


21 


21 


22 S*. Peter'* Chair at Antiocb 


i 22 St. Pater'* Chair at Antioda 


23 — V*i*r Damiao, B. C. D. 


. 23 


24 — Mathiae, Ap. 


1 24 St. MatbJas. Ap. 


U 


25 


M 


.SS 


27 


27 


24 


28 


2» 


29 


FRENCH CALENDAR. 


8PANI8H CALENDAR. 


rKBHOAKT. 


rCBBVAKT. 


1 «♦.. fffnattas, B. M. 


1 St. Ignatius. B. M. 


2 Purification of B. V. Mary 


2 Purification of B. V. Mary 


3 H», Bla**. B. M. 


3 St. Bla«e, B. M. 


4 — Fhiliaa 


4 — St. Andrew Corsini, B. C. 


5 — Agatha, V. M. 


5 — Agatha, V. M. 


6 — Vaaat. B C 


6 — Dorothy. V. M. 


7 — Richard. K. C. 


7 — Romuald, Ab. 


h — John of Matha, C. 


8 — John of Matha. C. 


ft — Appollonia, V. M. 


9 — ApoDonta, V. M. 


)0 — Hcholaatica, V. 


10 — 8chola«tica, V. 


11 — Hererinu*, Ab. 


11 — 8aturninus, M. 


12 — Kulalia, V. M. 


12 — Eulalia. V. M. 


13 — Ltciniu*. B. C. 


13 — Benignus, M. 


M — Valentine, M. 


14 — Valentine, M. 


15 — Pauntinua, M. 


15 88. Faustinas and JoYita, MM. 


10 — Juliana, V. M. 


1G — Julian, ftc, MM. 


17 — Theodulna, M. 


17 St. Julian of Cappadoda, M. 


18 — Simeon, B. M. 


18 — Eladios, B. C. 


19 — Oabinui, M. 


19 — Gabinua. M. 


20 — KticheriuM, B. C. 


20 — Leo, B. C. 


21 — Peter Damian, B. C. 


21 — Felix. B. C. 


22 — Isabella 


22 — Peter's Chair at Antioch 


23 — Merault 


23 — Martha, V. M. 


24 — Mathia*. Ap. 


24 — Mat hi as, A p. 


25 — Alexander, II. C. 


25 — Cesarius, C. 


26 — Ncator, B. M. 


26 — Alexander, B. C. 


27 — Honorina. V. M. 


27 — Baldnrner, C. 


28 — Rotnanus, Ab. 


28 — Romanus, Ab. 


29 


29 



CALENDARS. 



293 



OLD ENGLISH CALENDAR. 

FEBRUARY. 

1 St. Bridget, V. 

2 — Laurence, B. C. 

3 — Wereburge, V. 

4 — Gilbert, C. 

5 — Indractus, &c, MM. 

6 — Inas, K. C. 

7 — Augulus, B. M. 

8 — Elfleda, V. 

9 — Thelian, B. C. 

10 — Trumwin, B. C. 

11 — Cedmon, C. 

12 — Edilwald, C. 

13 — Ermeuilda, Qu. 

14 — Fechimts, Ab. 

15 — Sigfrid, B. C. 

16 — Oswy, K. C. 

1 7 — Finao, B. C. 

18 — Ethelstan, B. C. 

19 — Acca, B. C. 

20 — Ulric, C. 

21 — Cymibert, B. C. 

22 SS. Ethnea and Fidelmia, VV. 

23 St. Milburge, V. 

24 — Ethelbert, K. C. 

25 — Furseus, Ab. 

26 — Milwida, V. 

27 — Elvius, B. C. 

28 — Oswald, B. C. 
29 



1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 

14 

15 

16 

17 

18 

19 

20 

21 

22 

23 

24 

25 

26 

27 

28 

29 



SCOTTISH CALENDAR 

FEBRUARY. 

St. Bridget, V. 
Purification of B. V. Mary. 
St. Blase, B. M. 

— Modan, Ab. 

— Agatha, V. M. 

SS. Vedast and Amand, BB. CC. 



St. Scholastics, V. 



St. Valentine, M. 

St Juliana, V. M. 

— Finan, B. C. 

— Colman, B. C. 



St. Peter's Chair at Antioch 
St. Mathias, Ap. 



GERMAN CALENDAR. 


GREEK CALENDAR. 


FEBRUARY. 


FEBRUARY 


1 St. Ignatius, B. M. 


1 St. Tryphon, M. 


2 Purification of the B. V. Mary 


2 Meeting of our Lord J. Xt. in the 


3 St. Blase, B. M. 


3 SS. Simeon and Anna [Temple 


4 — Joanna of Valois, Qu. 


4 St. Isidore of Pelusium, C. 


5 — Agatha, V. M. 


5 — Agatha, V. M. 


6 — Dorothy, V. M. 


6 — Bucolus, B. C. 


7 — Romuald, Ab. 


7 — Parthenius, B. C. 


8 — John of Matha, C. 


8 — Theodore of Heraclea, M. 


9 — Apollonia, V. M. 


9 — Nicephorua, M. 


10 — Scholastica, V. 


10 — Charalampius, M. 


11 — Amandas 


11 — Blase, B. M. 


12 — Anthony of Stroncone, B. C. 


12 — Meletius, B. C. 


13 — Jordanus 


13 — Martinian, C. 


14 — Valentine, M. 


14 — Auxentius, C. 


15 — Theodore 


15 — Onesimus, Apostle 


16 — Juliana, V. M. 


16 — Pamphilus. M. 


J 7 — Eusemia 


17 — Theodore Tyro, M. 


18 — Constantia 


18 — Leo, Pope 


19 — Conrad, B. C. 


19 — Archippus, Ap. 


20 — Sabinus, M. 


20 — Leo of CaUnea, B. 


21 — Maximilian 


21 — Timothy, C. 


22 — Peter Damian, B. C. 


22 — Eugenius 


23 — Margaret 


23 — Poly carp, B. M. 


24 — Mathias, Ap. 


24 Finding of St. John Baptist 


25 — Theodora 


25 St. Tarasius, B. C. 


26 -— Porphyrius, B. C. 


26 — Porphyrius, B. C. 


27 — Emilian 


27 — Procopius, C. 


SB — Edigna 


28 — Basil, B. C. D. 


29 


29 — Cassian, M. 



z 2 



294 



CALENDARS. 



ROMAN CALENDAR. 


OLD ENGLISH CALENDAR 


MARCH. 




OF SARUM USE. 

MARCH. 


1 




1 St. David, B. C. 


2 




2 — Chad, B. C. 


3 




3 


4 St. Caiimir, C. 




4 


5 




5 


6 




6 


7 St. Thomas of Aquin, C. 


D. 


7 SS. Perpetua and Felicitas, W. MM. 


8 John of God, C. 




8 


9 Frances, Wid. 




9 


10 Forty Martyrs 




10 


11 




11 


12 St. Gregory the Great, P. 


CD. 


12 St. Gregory the Great, P. C. D. 


IS 




13 


14 




14 


15 




15 


16 




16 


17 St. Patrick, B. C. 




17 


18 — Gabriel, Archangel 




18 St. Edward, K. M. 


19 — Joseph, C. 




19 


20 




20 St. Cnthbert, B. C. 


21 St. Benedict, Ab. 




21 — Benedict, Ab. C. 


22 




22 


23 




23 


24 




24 


25 Annunciation of B. V. Mary 


25 Annunciation of B. V. Mary 


26 




26 


27 




27 


28 




28 


29 




29 


30 




30 


31 




31 



FRENCH CALENDAR. 

MARCH, 

1 St. Albinus, B. C. 

2 — Simplicius, P.C. 

3 — Cunegundes, Emp. 

4 — Casimir, C. 

5 — Ambrose, B. C. D. 

6 — Colette, V. Abbess 

7 — Perpetua, M. 

8 — John of God, C. 

9 — Frances, W. 

10 — Btanchard 

11 — Eulogius, M. 

12 — Pol, B. C. 

13 — Euphrasia, V. 

14 — Eutychius, M. 

15 — Zachary, P. C. 

16 — Abraham, H. 

17 — Gertrude of Nivelles, V. 

18 — Alexander, B. M. 

19 — Joseph, C. 

20 — Joachim, C. 

21 — Benedict, Ab. 

22 — Emilius 

23 — Victorinus, M. 

24 — Simon, M. 

25 — Ireneus, B. M. 

26 — Ludger, B. C. 

27 — Rupert, B. C. 

28 — Sixtus III., P. C. 

29 — Eustasius, Ab. 

30 — Rieul, B. C. 

31 — Rudolph 



SPANISH CALENDAR. 

MARCH. 

Holy Angel Guardian 
St, Lucius, &c, MM. 

— Hemetehus, M. 

— Casimir, C. 
SS. Eusebius, &c, MM. 
St. Victor, M. 

— Thomas of Aquin, C. D. 

— John of God, C. 

— Frances, W. 
SS. Melito, &c, MM. 
St Eulogius, M. 

— Gregory the Great, P. C. D. 

— Leander, R. C. 

— Matilda, Qu. 

— Raymund, C. 

— Julian, M. 

— Patrick, B. C. 

— Gabriel, Archi. 

— Joseph, C. 

— Nicetus 

— Benedict, Ab. 

— Deogratias, B. C. 
SS. Victorinus, &c, MM. 

24 St. Agapitus, B. C. 

25 Incarnation of the Son of God. 
St. Braulio, B. C. 

— Rupert, B. C. 
SS. Castor and Dorotheus, MM. 
St. Ens asius, Ab. 

— John Climacus, Ab. 

— Balbina, V. 



1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 

14 

15 

16 

17 

18 

19 

20 

21 

22 

23 



26 
27 
28 
29 
SO 
31 



CALENDARS. 



295 



OLD ENGLISH CALENDAR. 

MARCH. 

1 St. David, B. C. 

2 — Chad, H. C. 

3 — Winwaloc, Ab. 

4 — Owen, C. 

5 — Piran, B. C. 

6 — Fridolin, Ab. 

7 — Esterwin, Ab. 

8 — Felix, Ap. of the East Angles 

9 — Alured Ab. 

10 — Himelin, Hermit 

11 — Lietphard, B. M. 

12 — Brian, K. M. 

13 — Cungarus, Hermit 

14 — Ceoluph, K. C. 

15 — Aristobulus, B. M. 

16 — A daman, C. 

17 — Patrick. B. C. 

18 — Edward, K. M. 

19 — Alcmund, M. 

20 — Cnthbert, B. C. 

21 — Herebert, H. C. 

22 — Hamund, B. VI. 

23 SS. Finguar and Piala, and 777 Martyrs 

24 St. Lanfranc, B. C. 

25 — William of Norwich, M. 

26 — Alfwould, B. C. 

27 — Rupert, B.C. 

28 — Albert. B. C. 

29 — Gelasius, B. C. 

30 — Patton, B. C. 

31 SS. Adrian and Cadoc, CC. 



1 
2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 
10 
II 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 



SCOTTISH CALENDAR. 

MARCH. 

St. Monan, C. 

— Chad, B. C. 

St. Adrian, B. M. 

St. Baldred, B. C. 

— Thomas of Aquin, C. D. 

— Duthak, B. C. 

St. Kessog, B. C. 

— Constantino. K. M. 

— Gregory the Great, P. C. D. 

— Kevoca, V. 



St. Boniface, B. C. 

— Patrick, B. C. 

— Finian, B.C. 

— Joseph, C. 

— Cuthbert, B. C. 

— Benedict, Ab. 



Annunciation of B. V. Mary 



St. Olave, K. M. 



GERMAN CALENDAR. 

MARCH. 

1 St. Swibert, B. C. 

2 — Johanna 

3 — Cunegundes, Empress. 

4 — Caaimir, C. 

5 — Agnes, V. M. 

6 — Coleta, V. 

7 — Thomas of Aquin, C. D. 

8 — Rose of Viterbo, V. 

9 — France*, W. 

10 — John of God, C. 

11 — Catherine of Bologna, V. 

12 — Gregory the Great, P. C. D. 
18 — Euphrasia, V. 

14 — Mathildis, Qu. 

15 — Longinus 

16 — Heribert 

17 — Patrick, B. C. 

18 — Cyril, B. C. 

19 — Joseph, C. 

20 — Joachim, C. 

21 — Benedict, Ab. 

22 — Ambrose, B. C. D. 

23 — Ciauss, Hermit 

24 — Catherine of Sweden 

25 Annunciation of B. V. Mary 

26 St. Joanna 

27 — Sibilla 

28 — Joanna 

29 — Eutychius 
SO — Amadeus 
31 — Guido, Ab. 



1 
2 
3 
4 
5 



GREEK CALENDAR. 

MARCH. 

St. Eudoxia, V. M. 

— Theodore, B. M. 

— Eutropius, M. 

— Gerasimus, C. 

— Konon, M. 

6 Forty-two MM. in Ammoria 

7 St. Capito, M. 

8 — Theophylactus, C. 

9 Forty Martyrs 

10 St. Cordatus, M. 

11 — Sophronius, B. C. 

12 — Theophanes, C. 

13 — Nicephorus, B. C. 

14 — Benedict, C. 

— Agapius, M. 

— Sabinus, M. 

— Alexius, C. 

18 — Cyril, B. C. ' 

19 — Chrysanthus, M. 

20 SS. Slain in the Desert of St. Sabbas 
St. James, B. C, 

— Basil of Jerusalem, C. 

23 — Nicon, M. 

24 — Zachary, C. 

25 Annunciation of the Mother of God 
Feast of St. Gabriel, Archl. 
St Matrona 

28 — Stephen Thaumaturgus 

29 — Mark, B. C. 

30 — John Climacus, C. 

31 — Hypatus Thaumaturgus 



15 
16 
17 



21 
22 



26 
27 



CALENDARS. 



BOMAS PALENDAB. 


OLD ERGLISn PALEST) AR 










* St. Punch) or Paula, C. 






1 SL Richard, B. C. 




i — Amlwat. B. C. D. 


t 




!?8..Uo^G™,P.C. D . 




11 St Hermene.ild, M. 




Jt -S. r l.nrlm- Y-iTiMul, IN.i 


14 BS. Tibnrliui and Valerian, mm. 


li [Maximal, MM. 




17 bl. aum, P. M. 




!l 


19 SI. Alphe(e, B. M. 


H Sr. Antrim, B IT. 




31 SS. Soter and Cain.. PP. MM. 






W St. George, M. 






!5 — Mark, B>. 


!S SL Mill, Er. M. 


18 <JS. Clelmand Marcljino., PP. MM. 




!S SI Viulli M 


2S M, Vitalia. M. 


JS — Patar, H. 




JO — Callierine of Sienna, V. 


SO 


PBENCH CALENDAR. 


SPANISH CALENDAR. 


1 Bt-TIunh. B. C. 


1 St. Vennntiua". It 




J _ Francis -I' Pib;.. '.'. 






4 — Ambn>K, B. C. 


4 — liidon, B. C. 


S — Zeno, B.C. 


5 — Vincent Ferrer, C. 


a — P.udtDi1«, B.C. 




7 — Hfgaaippni, C. 


7 — Epiphamu*, B. M. 






»-Mar,oflig,p.,P«,ll. n t 






10— E,..,;iii*t, Propliel 


1] - Erulorgiu. 




1J — Julius, P. C. 




13 — M.rcrlilcui. li. 


IS — Henseneaild, K. M. 


14 — Tihoitiin, M. 




IS — F.Iernni,B.C. 


IS— UaiillliaandAnaiutli.MM. 






17 — Anicetui, P. M. 


IT — ADioelut, P. M. 


IS — Elemberlui. B. C. 


IS — Elantberiu.. B. C. 


19 — Lao, P. C. D. 




20 — Hiidegondea 


!0 — Inn, V. 


31 — An.elm, B. C. D. 


21 — Arutelm, B.C. D. 


SS — Opportune, V. Abbeai 


SI SS. Suter and taiua, PP. MM. 








24 — Oragoir- B. 




SS - Mark, E«. 




IS SS.Cleni»»i.dMar»llinni,PP.MM. 




•■1 St. Turlbiui, B.C. 


IS — Vitalli, M. 


3S — Piudentini, B. C. 


29 — Robert, Ab. 


IB — Peter, a. 


SO — Eniropiua, B. M. 


SO — Catberina i>r Sienna, V. 



CALENDARS. 297 


OLD ENGLISH CALENDAR. 


SCOTTISH CALENDAR. 


APBIL. 


▲PHIL. 


1 St. Agilbert, B. C. 


1 St. Gilbert, B. C. 


2 — Eljba, &c, MM. 


2 — Mary of Egypt, Penitent. 


3 — Richard, B. C. 


3 


4 — Gundleius, K. H. 


4 St. Ambrose, B. C. 


5 — Asser, B. C. 


5 


6 — Elstan, B. C. 


6 


7 — Bernacb, Ab. 


7 


8 — Lethard, B. C. 


8 


9 SS. Gisla and Richtrude, VV. 


9 


10 St. Paternus, C. 


10 


11 — Guthlake, Hermit • 


11 


12 — Mechtildes, Wid. 


12 SS. Tiburtius, Valerian, and 


IS — Elfleda, Wid. 


13 [Maximus, MM. 


14 — Ethelwolf, K. C. 


14 


15 — Paternus, B. C. 


15 


16 — Maxentia, V. M. 


16 St. Magnus, M. 


17 — Stephen, Ab. 


17 — Douanus, Ab. 


18 — Erard, B. C. 


IS 


19 — Elphege, Ab. M. 


19 St. Alphege, B. M. 


20 — Cedwal, K. C. 


20 


21 — Anselm, B.C. 


21 


22 — Bristau, B. C. 


22 


23 — Etheldred, K. C. 


23 St. George, M. 


24 — Mellitus, B. C. 


24 


25 — Egbert, Ab. C. 


25 St. Mark, Et. M. 


26 — Leofric, B. C. 


26 


27 — Walburge, Abbess 


27 


28 — Ivo, B. C. 


28 


29 — Paul, B. C. 


29 St. Vitalis, M. 


30 — Erconwald, B. C. 


30 


GERMAN CALENDAR. 


GREEK CALENDAR. 


APRIL. 


APAIL. 


1 St. Hugh, B. C. 


1 St. Mary of Egypt, Penitent 


2 — Francis of Paula 


2 — Titus Thaumaturgus 


3 — Nicetus, Ab. 


3 — Nicetus, Ab. 


4 — litidore, B. C D. 


4 — Joseph, C. 


5 — Vincent Ferrer, C. 


5 — Theodulus, M. 


6 — Juliana 


6 — Eutychius, B. C. 


7 — Tilman 


7 — George of Meliiina, B. C. 


8 — Ursulina 


8 — Herodion, Ap. 


9 — Mary of Cleophas, W. 


9 — Eupsychius, M. 


10 — Macarius 


10 — Terentius, M. 


1 1 — Leo Grteat, P. C. 


11 — Antipas, B. M. 


12 — Julius, P. C. 


12 — Basilius, B. C. 


13 — Hermenegild, K. M. 


13 — Ar emon, M. 


14 — Va'erian, M. 


14 — Martin, P. M. 


15 — Lidwina, V. 


15 — Aristarchus, Ap. 


16 — Turibius, B. C. 


16 SS. Agapia, &C..MM. 


17 — Stephen, Ab. 


17 St. Simeon, B. M. 


18 — Eleutherius, B. C. 


18 — John 


19 — Werner 


19 — John of Trichina, Ab. 


20 — Agnes of Mte. Pulciano, V. A. 


20 — Theodore of Trichina, Ab. 


21 — Anselm, B. C. D. 


21 — Januarius, B. M. 


22 — Adalbert, B. C. 


22 — Theodore Sikeotes, C. " 


23 — Gorgon ius 


23 — George, M . 


24 — Egbert 


24 — Sabbas, M. 


25 — Mark, Er. 


25 — Mark, Ev. 


26 — Marcellinus, P. M. 


26 — Basil, B. M. 


27 — Anastasius, P. C. 


27 — Simeon, B. M. 


28 — Vitalis, M. 


28 — Jason, Ap. 


29 — Peter, M. 


29 — Memnon Thaumaturgus 


30 — Catherine of Sienna, V. 


30 — James the Greater, Ap. 



298 



CALENDARS. 



1 

2 

S 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

IS 

14 

15 

16 

17 

18 

19 

20 

21 

22 

23 

24 

25 

2x5 

27 

28 

29 

30 

31 



ROMAN CALENDAR. 

MAT. 

SS. Philip and James, App. 
St. Athanasius, B. C. D. 
Finding of the Holy Croat 
St. Monica, Wid. 

— Pius V., P. C. 

— John before the Latin Gate 

— 8'anislas. B. M. 
Apparition of St. Michael 

St. Gregory Naaianien, B. C. D. 

— Antoninus, B. C. 

SS. Nereoa, Achillea*. Domitilla, 

[and Pancraa 
St. Boniface, M. 

St. John Nepomncen, M. 

— Ubaldus, B. C. 

— Venantius, M. 

— Peter Celestin, P. C. 

— Bernardin, C. 



Our B. Lady, Help of Christians 
St. Mary Magdalen of Paxais, V. 

— Philip Neri, C. 

— John, P. M. 

— Gregory VII., P. C. 

St. Felix, P. M. 

— Petronilla, V. 



St. John before the Latin Gate 
— John of Beverley, B. C. 



SS. Nereus, Achillea*, and Pancraa, 

[MM. 



OLD ENGLISH CALENDAR 
OF SARUM USB. 

MAT. 

1 SS. Philip and Jamee, App. 

2 

3 Finding of the Holy Cross 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 SS. Gordftn and Epimacbua, MM. 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 

19 St. Dunstan, B. C. 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 

28 St. Germanus, B. C 
29 
30 
31 8t. Petronilla, V. 



St. Aldelm, B. C. 
— Augustin, B. C. 



FRENCH CALENDAR. 


SPANISH CALENDAR. 


MAT. 


MAT. 


1 St. Philip, Ap. 


1 SS. Philip and James, App. 


2 — Athanasius, B. C. D. 


2 St. Athanasius, B. C. D. 


3 Finding of the Holy Cross 


3 Finding of the Holy Cross 


4 S'. Monica, W. 


4 St. Monica, W. 


5 Conversion of St. Augustin 


5 — Pius V., P. C. 


6 St. John before 'he Latin Gate 


6 — John before the Latin Gate) 


7 — Stanislas, B. M. 


7 — Stanislas, B. M. 


8 — Desiderius. B. C. 


8 Apparition of St. Michael 


9 — Gregory Naziauaen, B. C. D. 


9 St. Gregory Naaiansen, B. C. D. 


10 — Gordian, M. 


10 — Antoninus, B. C. 


11 — Mamertus, B. C. 


11 — Mamertus, B. C. 


12 — Plavia, M. 


12 — Dominic of Calaada, C. 


13 — Servatius, B.C. 


13 — Peter Regalado, C. 


14 — Boniface. M. 


14 — Boniface, M. 


15 — Isidore, B. C. 


15 — Isidore of Madrid, C. 


16 — Paschal Baylon, C. 


16 — John Nepomucen, M. 


17 — Josse 


17 — Paschal Baylon, C. 


18 — Celestin, P. C. 


18 — Felix of Cental icio, C. 


19 — Bernardin, C. 


19 — Peter Celestin. P. C. 


20 — Godolend 


20 — Bernardin of Sienna, C. 


21 — Julia, V. M. 


21 — Ma>-y of Socors, V. 


22 — Didier, B. C. 


22 — Quiteria 


23 — Donatian, M. 


23 — Epitacius, B. M. 


2* — Urban, P. M. 


24 — John Francis Regis, C. 


25 — John of Pradn, M. 


25 — Gregory VII., P. 


26 — Quadra'us, B. C. 


26 — Philip Neri, C. 


27 — Hildebert 


27 — John, P. M. 


28 — Germanus of Paris, B. C. 


28 — Justus 


29 — Maximinus, B. C. 


29 — Maxim in us, B.C. 


80 — Felix, P. M. 


30 — Ferdinand. K. C. 


SI — Petronilla, V. 


31 — Petronilla, V. 



CALENDARS. 



299 



OLD ENGLISH CALENDAR. 

MAT. 

1 St. Asaph, B. C. 

2 — Ultan, Ab. 
8 — Walter, Ab. 

4 — Etheldred. K. C. 

5 — Richard, K. C. 

6 — Edbert, B. C. 

7 — John of Beverley, B. C. 

8 — Wire, C. 

9 — Beatus, C. 

10 — Henry, B. C. 

11 — Fremund, M. 

12 — Remigius, B. C. 

13 — Merwina, Abbess 

14 — Editha, V. 

15 — Dympna, V. M. 

16 — Simon Stock, C. 

17 — Carantoc, C. 

18 — Sewal, B. C. 

19 — Dunstan, B. C. 

20 — Eihelbert, K. M. 

21 — God rick, Hermit 

22 — Con? cantine the Great, Emp. 

23 — William, M. 

24 — Robert, B. C. 

25 — Aldelm, B. C. 

26 — Augustin, Ap. of England, C. 

27 — Bede, C 

28 — Theocus, Hermit 

29 — Ergontha, V. 

30 — Hienna, V. 

31 — Guithelinus, B. C. 



1 
2 
3 

4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 
10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
81 



SCOTTISH CALENDAR. 

MAT. 

SS. Philip and James, App. 
Finding of the Holy Cross 



St. John before the Latin Gate 

Translation of St. Andrew 
St. Gordian, B. M. 

St. Comgall, Ab. 

St. Brandan, Ab. 
St. Potentiana, V. 
St. Ronan, B. C. 



St. Urban, B. C. 

— Augustin, Ap. of England, B. C. 

St. Germanus, B. C. 



St. Petronilla, V. 



GERMAN CALENDAR. 

MAT. 

1 SS. Philip and James, App. 

2 St. Athanasius, B. C. D. 

3 Finding of th e Holy Cross 

4 St. Monica, W. 
6 — Pius V., P. C. 

6 — John before the Latin Gate 

7 — Stanislas, B. M. 

8 Apparition of St. Michael 

9 St. Gregory Nasianzen, B. C. D. 

10 — Gordian, M. 

11 — Gangolff 

12 — Pancras, M. 

13 — Servatius, B. C* 

14 — Pachomius, Ab. 

15 — Dympna, V. M. 

16 — John Nepomueen, M. 

17 — Paschal Bay Ion, C. 

}g — Felix of Cantalicio, C. 

19 — Peter Celestin, P. C. 

20 — Bernardin of Sienna, C. 

21 — Columba, V. 

22 — Julia, V. M. 

23 — Desiderius, B. C. 

24 — Servulus 

25 — Urban, P. M. 

26 — Philip Neri, C. 

27 — Petronius, B. C. 

28 — Germanus of Paris, B. C. 

29 — Maxim inus, B. C. 

30 — Ferdinand, K. C. 

31 — Petronilla, V. 



GREEK CALENDAR. 

MAT. 

1 St. Jeremias, Proph. 

2 — Athanasius, B. C. D. 

3 SS. Timothy and M auras. MM. 

4 St. Pelagia, M. 

5 — Irene, M. 

6 — Job, Patriarch [Heavens 

7 Appearance of the Cross in the 

8 8r. John, Ap. 

9 — Isaias, Proph. 

10 — Simon, Ap. 

11 — Mnkius. B. M. 

12 — Epiphanius, B. C. 

13 — Glyceria, M. 

14 — Isidore, M. 

15 — Pachomius, Ab. 

16 — Theodore of Tabenna, Ab. 

17 — Andronicu8, Ap. 

18 SS. Peter and Dionysius, MM. 

19 St Patricius, B. M. 

20 — Thalaleus, M. 

21 SS. Constantine and Helen 

22 St. Basiliscus, M. 

23 — Michael, B. C. 

24 — Simeon Stylites the Younger 

25 Finding of the Head of St. John Baptist 

26 St. Carpus, Ap. 

27 — Therapontug, B. M. 

28 — Nicetas, B. C. 

29 — Theodosia, M. 

30 — Isaac, C. 

31 — Hennas, Ap. 



300 



CALENDARS. 



ROMAN CALENDAR. 



JUNK. 



1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

IS 

14 

15 

16 

17 

18 

19 

20 

21 

22 

23 

24 

25 

26 

27 

28 

29 

30 



St. Marcellinus, Peter, and Erasmus-, 

[MM. 



St. Norbert, B. C. 



8S. Primus and Felicianus, MM. 
St. Margaret, Qu. 

— Barnabas, A p. 

— John a Facundo, C. 

— Anthony of Padua, C. 

— Basil the Great, B. C. D. 

SS. Vitus, Modestus, and Crescentia, 

[MM. 

SS. Marcus and Marcellianus, MM. 
St. Juliana Falconieri, V. 

— Silverius, P. M. 

— Aloysius, C. 

— Paulinus, B. C. 

Nativity of St. John Baptist 

Of the Octave of Nat. of St. John 

SS. John and Paul, MM. 

Of the Octave 

St. Leo, P. C. 

SS. Peter and Paul, App. 

Commemoration of St. Paul 



1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

II 

12 

13 

14 

15 

16 

17 

18 

19 

20 

21 

22 

23 

24 

25 

26 

27 

28 

29 

30 



OLD ENGLISH CALENDAR 
OF SARUM USE. 

JUKI. 

St. Nicoroedes, M. 

SS. Marcellinus and Peter, MM. 



SS. Boniface and Com p., MM. 



SS. Medard and Geldard, BB. CC. 
Translation of St. Edmund, B. C. 

St. Barnabas, A p. [Naxarius, MM. 
SS. Basildes, Cyrinus, Nabor, and 

St. Basil, B. C. D. [MM. 

SS. Vitus, Modestus, and Crescentia, 
Translation of St Richard, B. C. 

SS. Marcus and Marcellinus, MM. 

— Gervase and Protase, MM. 
Translation of St. Edward, K. M. 

St. Alban, Protomartyr of the English 

— Etheldreda, V. 
Nativity of St. John Baptist 

SS. John and Paul, MM. 

St. Leo, P. C. 

SS. Peter and Paul, App. 

Commemoration of St. Paul 



FRENCH CALENDAR. 

JUNE. 

1 St. Pamphilus, M. 

2 — Pothinus, B. M. 

3 — Clotilda, Qu. 

4 — Op tat us, B. C. 

5 — Quirinus, B. M. 

6 _ Norbert, B. C. 

7 — Paul, B. C. 

8 — Medard, B. C. 

9 — Pelagia, Pent. 

10 — Margaret, Qu. 

11 — Barnabas, Ap. 

12 — Basilides, M. 

13 — Anthony of Padua, C. 

14 — Ruflnus, M. 

15 — Cyr, M. 

16 — Adolphus, B. C. 

17 — Avitus, Ab. 

18 — Marina, V. 

19 — Gervase, M. 

20 — Silverius, P. M. 

21 — Leufroy, Ab. 

22 — Paulinus, B. C. 

23 — Felix 

24 Nativity of St. John Baptist 

25 St. Prosper, C. 

26 — Ladislas, K. C. 

27 — Crescentius, M. 

28 — Irenseus, B. C. 

29 SS. Peter and Paul, App. 

30 Commemoration of St. Paul 



SPANISH CALENDAR. 

JUMX. 

1 St. Secundus, M. 

2 SS. Marcellinus, &c, MM. 

3 St. Isaac, M. 

4 — Saturnina, V. M. 

5 — Boniface, B. M. 

6 — Norbert, B. C. 

7 SS. Peter and Companions, MM. 

8 St. Salustianus, C . 

9 SS. Primus and Felicianus, MM. 

10 St. Crispulus, M. 

11 — Barnabas, Ap. 

12 — John of Sahagun, C. 

13 — Anthony of Padua, C. 

14 — Basil the Great, B. C. D. 

15 SS. Vitus, &c, MM. 

16 — Quiricus and Julitta, MM. 

17 — Manuel, &c, MM. 

18 — Marcus and Marcellinus, MM. 

19 — Gervase and Protase, MM. 

20 St. Silverius, P. M. 

21 — Eusebius, B. M. 

22 — Paulinus, B. C. 

23 — John, M. 

24 Nativity of St. John Baptist 

25 St. William, Ab. 

26 SS. John and Peter, MM. 

27 — Zoylus, &c, MM. 

28 St. Leo, P. C. 

29 SS. Peter and Paul, App. 
80 Commemoration of St. Paul 



CALENDARS. 



301 



OLD ENGLISH CALENDAR. 


SCOTTISH CALENDAR. 


JUKE. 




JUNE. 


1 St. Wistan, M. 




1 St. Nicomedes, M. 


2 — Malcolm, K. C. 




2 SS. Marcellinus and Peter, MM. 


3 — Pega, V. 




3 


4 — Petroch, Ab. 




4 


5 — Boniface, B. M. 




5 St. Boniface, B. M. 


6 — Gudwall, B. C. 




6 — Colmoc, B. C. 


7 — Robert, Ab. 




7 


8 — William, B. C. 




8 SS. Medard and Gildard, BB. CC. 


9 — Columba, Ab. 




9 St. Columba, Ab. 


10 — Margaret, Qu. 




10 


11 — Egbert, K. C. 




11 St. Barnabas, Ap. 


12 — Cunera, V. M. 




12 — Ternan, B. C. 


13 — Odulphus, C. 




13 


14 — Bran dan, Ab. C. 




14 St Basil, B. C. [MM. 


15 — Eadburga, V. 




15 88. Vitus, Modestus, and Crescentia, 


16 — Mayne, Ab. 




16 — Ceriacus and Julitta, MM. 


17 — Botolph, Ab. 

18 — Adolph, B. C. 




17 




18 SS. Marcus and Marcellinus, MM. 


19 — Burjene, V. 




19 Translation of St. Margaret, Qu. 


20 Translation of 88. Ed ward and Oswald, 


20 


21 St. Egelmond, M. 


[KK. MM. 


21 


22 — Alban, Protomartyx of Britain 


22 St. Alban, Protomartyr of England 


23 — Ed il trade, Qu. V. 




23 — Etheldreda, V. 


24 — Bartholomew, C. 




24 Nativity of St. John Baptist 


25 — Amphibalus, C. 

26 — Adelbert, C. 




25 St. Moloc, B. C. 




26 SS. John and Paul, MM. 


27 — Sesinus, B. C. 




27 


28 — Sethrida, V. 




28 St Leo, P. C. 


29 — Hugh, M. 




29 SS. Peter and Paul, App. 

30 Commemoration of St Paul, Ap. 


30 — Theodatus, B. C. 





1 St. 


2 — 


3 — 


4 — 


5 — 


6 — 


7 — 


8 — 


9 — 


10 — 


11 — 


12 — 


13 — 


14 — 


15 SS 


16 St. 


17 — 


18 — 


19 — 


20 — 


21 — 


22 — 


23 — 


24 — 


25 — 


26 — 


27 — 


28 — 


29 SS. 


30 St. 



GERMAN CALENDAR. 

JUNE. 

. Simeon 
Erasmus, M. 
Conrad, B. C. 
Theobald 
Boniface, B. M. 
Norbert, B.C. 
Claudius, B. C. 
Medard, B. C. 
Mary of Esc 
Margaret, Qu. 
Barnabas, Ap. 
John a Facundo, C. 
Anthony of Padua, C. 
Basil the Great, B. C. D. 
. Vitus, &c, MM. 
Benno, Ab. 
Ludgardis, V. 
Osanna 
Michelina 
Methodius 
Achatius 
Paul in us, B.C. 
Ediltrude, V. 
Jj>hn the Baptist 
Febronia, M. 
John, M. 
Christina, V. 
Aleidis, or Alice 
. Peter and Paul, App. 
Martial, B.C. 



GREEK CALENDAR. 

JUXB. 

1 St. Justin, M. 

2 — Nicephorus, C. 

3 — Lucilian 

4 — Metrophanes, B.C. 

5 — Dorotheus, B. M. 

6 — Besarion Thaumaturgus 

7 — Theodotus, B. M. 

8 — Theodore, M. 

9 — Cyril of Alexandria, B. C. 

10 — Timothy, B. M. 

11 SS. Bartholomew and Barnabas, App. 

12 St. Onuphrius, C. 

13 — Triphyllius, C. 

14 — Elias, Prophet 

15 — Amos, Prophet 

16 — Tychon Thaumaturgus 

17 — Manuel, M. 
IS — Leontius, M. 

19 — Jiide, Ap. 

20 — Methodius, B. M. 

21 — Julian of Tarsus, M. 

22 — Eusebius of Samosata, B. M. 

23 — Agrippina, M. 

24 Nativity of St. John Baptist 

25 St. Febronia, M. 

26 — David of Thessalonica 

27 — Samson 

28 The Holy Poor 

29 88. Peter and Paul, App. 

30 The Twelve Apostles 

2 A 



S02 



CALESDARS. 



ROMAN CALENDAR. 

JVVT. 



OLD ENGLISH CALENDAR 
OFSARUM TJ8B. 



Octave of St. John Baptist 

Visitation of B. V. Mary 

Of the Octave of SS. Peter and Paul 

Of the Octave 

Of the Octave 

Octave of 88. Peter and Paul 



I 
2 

4 

5 

6 

7 

» 8t. Eliiabeth, Qo. 

9 

10 Seven Brothers, and SS. Rnfina and 

1 1 St. Pins, P. M. [Secunda, MM. 

12 — John Gnalbert, Ab. 

13 — Anacletus, P. M. 

14 — Bonaventure, B.C. D. 

15 — Henry, Emp. C. 

16 Our B. Lady of Mt. Carmel 

17 St. Alexias C. 

18 — Camillas de Lellis, C. 

19 — Vincent of Paul, C. 

20 — Jerom Emilian, C. 

21 — Praxedes, V. 

22 — Mary Magdalen, Penitent 

23 — Apollinaris, B. M. 

24 — Christina, V. M. 

25 — James the Great, Ap. 

26 — Ann, Mother of B. V. M. 

27 — Pantaleon, M. 

28 SS. Nazarius, Celsus, &c, MM. 

29 St. Martha, V. 

30 SS. Abdon and Sennen, MM. 

31 S'. Ignatius. C. 



1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 

14 

15 

16 

17 

18 

19 

20 

21 

22 

23 

24 

• 25 

26 

27 

28 

29 

30 

31 



TULT. 

Octave of St. John »*T^i«t 
88." -— - . 



Translation 



,MM. 
,B. C. 
of St. 



Octave of SS. Peter and Pan! [B. M. 
Translation of St. Thomas of Cant, 
(First Sunday after this, Feast of the 

[Relict) 
Seven Brothers, MM. 
Translation of St. Benedict, Ab. C. 



Translation of SL 8within, B. C. 

St. Kcnehn, K. M. 

— Arnurph, B. M. 

St Margaret, V. M. 

— Praxedes, V. M . 

— Mary Magdalen, Penitent 

— Apollinaris, B. M. 

— Christina, V. M. 

— James, Ap. 

— St. Ann, Mother of B. V. M. 
Seven Sleepers, M M. 

8t. Sampson, B. C. [Beatrix, MM. 
SS. Felix, Simplicius, Faustina, and 

— Abdon and Sennen, MM. 
St. Gerroanus, B. C. 



FRENCH CALENDAR. 

JULY. 

St. Martial, B. C. 
Visitation of B. V. Mary 
St. Anatolius, B. C. 
Translation of St. Martin 
St. Zoe, M. 

— Tranquillinus, M. 

— Aubierge, V. 



8 — Elizabeth of Portugal, W. 

9 — Victoria 

10 — Felicitas, M. 

11 Translation of St. Benedict 

12 St. John Gualbert, Ab. 

13 — Turiaf, B. C. 

14 — Bonaventure, B. C. D. 

15 — Henry, Emp. 

16 — Helier, H. 

17 — Alexius, C. 

18 — Clair, M. 

19 — Vincent of Paul, C. 

20 — Margaret, V. M. 

21 — Victor, M. 

22 — Mary Magdalen, Penitent 

23 — Apollinaris, M. 

24 — Christina, V. M. 

25 — James the Great, Ap. 

26 — Christopher, M . 

27 — Pantaleon, M. 

28 — Ann, Mother of B. V. M. 

29 — Martha, V. 

30 — Abdon, M. 

31 — Germanus of Auxerre, B. C. 



SPANISH CALENDAR. 

JULY. 

1 SS. Castas and 8ecundinus, MM. 

2 Visitation of B. V. Mary 

3 SS. Tryphon, &c, MM. 

4 St. Laureanus, B. C. 

5 — Zoe, M . 

6 — Lucy, V. M. 

7 — Firminus, B. C. 

8 — Isabella, Qu. 

9 — Cyril, P. M. 

10 SS. Rufina and Secunda, MM. 

11 St. Pius, P. M. 

12 — John Gualbert, Ab. 

13 — Anacletus, P. M. 

14 — Bonaventure, B. C. D. 

15 — Henry, Emp. 

16 Triumph of the Holy Cross 

17 St. Alexius, C. 

18 SS. Symphorosa and Seven Sons, MM. 

19 — Justaand Rufina, MM. 

20 St. Elias, Prophet 

21 — Praxedes, V. 

22 — Mary Magdalen, Penitent 

23 — Liborius, B. C. 

24 — Christina, V. M. 

25 — James the Great, Ap. 

26 — Ann 

27 — Pantaleon, M . 
23 — Victor, P. 

29 — Martha, V. 

30 SS. Abdon and Sennen, MM. 

31 St. Ignatius, C. 



OLD ENGLISH CALENDAR. 


SCOTTISH CALENDAR. 






1 SS. Julian and Aaron, MM. 


1 St. Servanus, B. C. 






J - Guthagon, Hermit 






4 Translation of SI. Martin, B. C. 






I - Seihurge.au. Ab. 


e St. Palladia, B. C, Ap. of Scotland 


.--.■(■■■; 


7 Translation of St. Thomas, B.M. 


8 St. Edgar, K. C. 




9 — Elhelbarge.au. Ab. 




10 — GriDloald. Ah. 


Ill Seven Braihen, MM. 


11 - Wilhburge, V, 
IS St.'nlildrada, V, 


11 Tniiluia of Si. Benedict, Ab. 


IS 








IS The Nine Holy Virgins 








17 


IS — Edburga, V. 


IS Si. Tlenern, VT, 






20 — Alf.itha, Su. 






■1 -- Pmxadtt, v. 


, ■ 






■1 — Apollinarfi, B. M. 


: :.i. nnilUlfedus, MM. 


24 - Cnri.tina, V. M. 


25 St. Adhir, B. M. 




■7 — Joseph "f ArimithefcC. 






28 - Simpson, B.C. 


H SL.siMii.ion, B.C. 


::■.' SS. litrn.r saisil Lupin. BB. CC. 


29 — Olive, K. M. 


30 St Tat»!nus, B. C. 




31 — Nuot, C. 


31 Si.Germanui, B.C. 


GERMAN CALENDAR. 


GREEK CALENDAR. 


1 St. Theobald, C. 


1 The Holy Poor 


:: visiiaii.ni or B. V.Mary 


2 Visitation of B. V. Mary 


3 Si. Otho, B. C. 


1 Mr, Hyacinth, M. 


4 — Ulrie, B. C. 






S - Martha, V. 




r> — Slioes. Anchoret 




7 -Cyrincus.M. 


fl — Elisabeth of Portugal, «•. 


8 - Procoplu*. M. 


> — Kilian, C. 


— Pancras, B. M. 


HI - I'rocopiul, M. 


10 The Forty-five Martyrs, MM. 




: i s| h , .!\,ljL-mia, M. 




12 SS. Proclus and Hitarion. MM. 






U — Bnna.enture. B. C. D. 


11 -AquillLAp. 












l:i — i-'rclermk, B. M. 


i- - Hyacinth, M. 


19 — Ar.c nine, Anchoret 


19 SS. DIuiaudMacrina, MM. 


20 — Wilsefollis, V. M. 


20 St, Kli.s, Prophet 


21 — Julia 




■12 — Marj Ma>daletl, Penitent 


22 - Mary Magdalen, Penitent 


S3 — Apolllnarll. B. M. 


23 SS. TroDbimuaandTheor.i.ilL,,. 11 V 




24 Si. Cnriitina, V. M. 








26 The Holy P.ra.ccTC 


27 — Panlaleoll, M. 




SS SS. Naiarlus and CeJsus, MM. 






20 — CallUiicui, M, 


SO — Germanus r>f Auiene, B. C. 




31 - Ignatius, C. 


j I — EudoLiiuua, C. 



CALENDARS. 



no If AN CALENDAR. 



1! SS. Tiburliui and Suwina, MM. 



Si. Aaipituj, M. 

Of itit Oct. of Auumption 

St. "hiLfp Bmltittl™C. °" 
- B..U.1™.., Ap. 



CALENDAR 

OF SARUM USE. 

1 Sl P.iki Chiini 
I — Stephen, P. H. 
I Finding of St. Stephen, Prolo 

s St. Omli), K.M. 

7 St.'DoDdtlil.B.M. 

a ss. drim «nd copp., mm 

13 SS. HippoljtUi ind Corop., MM. 

II Auaniption ol B. V, Miry 

17 Oct. of SI. Lanrance, M. 
IS St. AEipiiiu. M. 
II - ttmgnM, M. 

21 SS.TltnotBr Hid Apollinitrii. 



~ Yon. M. 

TruifliU ration of our Lord 
i Hm Moljr Cro« 

= ££«. 

SuicepUon of tlit H. Croiro 




Tl: 



SPANISH CALENDAR. 
1 St. (■•KtadtiHmlm ' 
: -' Stephen 

b TrMiiflgUT»iionofoiirLgrd 
7 St. Cejetin, C. 

■s ijS. (Vtaeui.ftcMlI. 

lii -Ihmh,k' 




CALF.NDARS. 



OLD ENGLISH CALENDAR. 

1 SI. Etbelwcld, B.C. 

2 — Klned.Hem.it 

* — I>o,B.C.' 

5 — 0>"ald, K. M. . 

7 — Claudia Bnona 

B — Hugh', fl'. C. 
10 - Henry VL.K.C. 

12 — Alnuin,'Ab. ' 

13 — Wigbert, M. 
U — Werenfrid, C. 
15 — Margaret, V. 
IB — Alexander, C. 
17 — Tbnmal, C. 

19 — ciinnclii. K. M. 

10— Ol»io,K. M. 

21 SS. Arwald Brolhert, MM. 

23 - JuTlTlMac,, M™" 

H -- l-'.bl.i', Abbeii 

ao — Piike!, 0. 
31 — Aidaa, B. C, 


SCOTTISH CALENDAR. 

S — Stephen, P.M. 

3 Finding of St. Stephen, Protoniarljt 

5 OurB-LadyadNHei 

> : .i,andConvp.,MM. 

11 SB. HypiiiilusnndComp., MM. 

U BI. Emebiiu, B.C. 

15 AsiUroplionofB. V. Mary 

17 Oct. .if St. Laurence, M. 
IB Sr. Agipilus, M. 

22 Oct. of the Abruption 
2! St. Malrubius. Ah. 


GERMAN CALENDAR. 

3 Finding of S.. Stephen 

6 — Mary ad Ninej 

■ Transforation of our Lord 

! St. Cejetan, C. 

11 - B™»™"V. M. 
IS — Clare, V. 

IS Aasumpliun of B. V. MarT 

10 St. Rod,, C. 

U — Clare o/Mte. Faloo,V. 

50 — Bernard.' A b. 

51 — Jane Fiance., W. 
i'i — Syrnphorian, M. 

■ft — Victor, M. ' 
27 — Cmerluo, M. 

33 Beheading of Bi. John Bapt. 

31 — Puiliom B. C. 


GREEK CALENDAR. 

1 ProcBoi.iooftheH.Croii 
9 Finding uf St Stephen 
3 Si. UMODfllalcua 

, itm Youths of Ephenu 

S Transfiguration o*f our Lord 

3 — Emilias, B.C. 

11 — Euplus, M. 

12 — Photiu., M. 

13 — Malimuit, C. 

IS Ilomiiif ™ B f B?V MaiJ 
IB Hi>ly Image ofChrlat 

1H SS. Floras and Laurui, MM. 

21 — ThlSdaiui'X.' 

::-: - .\.r.nh m ,\ al , M. 

21- Eutjohel.M. 

■1, Uciurn ,.[H,:liCH ,.[ SI. Iia.tliolou.e-, 

20 SS. Adrian end Nalalia, MM. [Ap. 

28 — ' Moice the pihior.iau, C. 
23 Beheading of Si. John Baptiit 

31 bepoi.lion of IheUirdleofB, V. Harr 



*j6 



CALEVDABS. 



ROMAS CALEVDAR. 
imuui. 



E-~Gite*,Ab.C, 
— Sta-phes, K. C. 



1 

2 
3 

5 St, Laurence Jattinlao, B. C. 

4 

7 

8 Nativity of B. V, Mary 

* St. (ivruonlun, M, 

10 — Nicholas of Tolentinum, C. 

11 **, Protus and Hyacinth, MM. 

12 Of the Oct of tb« Nativity 
IS Of the Octave 

14 KMltatluft of the II, CroM 

15 Oc<eve of th« Nativity 

14 UN, Corualius and Cyprian, MM. 

17 (mpritaloft wf Ntigma* of at. Frueif 

18 Mt. Joaaph of Cupertino, C. 
10 UN. Jenuerlus, ktt. t MM. 

20 — Kustachlui, kv., MM. 

21 HI. Matthew, Ati. Kv. 

— ThuttiM of Vllleuove, B. C. 

— l.tllUN, I 1 . M. 

Our 11. Lady of Mercy 



22 
23 
24 
26 
20 
27 
29 
2ft 
SO 



tftf. Cyprian mul Justlna, MM. 
— Comnim and Damlan, MM. 

Ht. WtfMUaHJNK, M. 

Dedication of Nt. Mlohaal 
St. Jerom, C. 1). 



OLD ENGLISH CALEMDAft 
OF SARUM USE. 



FllKNCII CALENDAR. 

HHFTMMNXR, 

1 Ht. (HIM, All. 

2 — I.niartm 

3 — OrnMoryOraat, I*. C. I). 

4 — lloealla, V. 

5 — fieri in, Ah. 

6 — Cloud, II. C 

7 - - OnpRiphotUH, M. 

8 Nativity of II. V. Mary 
U St. Omor, II. C. 

10 — Puloheria, V. 

11 — Patiens, B.C. 

12 — Haphaol, Arch. 

13 — Maunllu*, Ah. 

14 Exaltation of Holy Cro*a 

15 St. N loomed**, M. 

16 — Cyprian, II. M. 

17 — Lambert, 11. C. 

18 — John Chrynoatom, B. C. I>. 

19 — Januartu*. II. M. 

20 — Kuatachlus, M. 

21 — Matthew. Ap. 

22 — M auric*. M. 

23 — Theela, V. M. 

24 — Adolphu* 

25 — Cltopha*. C. 

26 — Justina, Y. M. 

27 — Coamaa, M. 

28 — Ceranua, B. C. 

29 — Michael, Archangel 

30 — Jerom, C. P. 



1 

2 

t 

4 

S 

9 

7 

S 

9 

10 

11 

12 

IS 

14 

IS 

16 

17 

IS 

19 

20 

21 

22 

23 

24 

26 

26 

27 

28 

29 

30 



St Gflae, Ab. C. 



Translation of St. Cafbbert, B. C. 
St. Banians, Ab. C. 



Nativity of B. V. M. 
8c Oofgoniiu, M. 

88. Protw and Hyacinth, B£M. 



Exaltation of the Holy C: 
Octave of the Nativity 
St. Editha, V. M. 
— Lambert, B. If. 



8t. Matthew, Ap. Br. 

88. Maurice and Comp., MM. 

St. Thecla, V. M. 

St. Firmintu, B. M. 

SS. Cyprian and Justina, MM. 

— Cosmaa and Damian, MM. 

St. Miohael, Archangel 

— Jerom, C. D. 



I 






SPANISH CALENDAR. 

SEPTEMBER. 

1 St. Giles, Ab. 

2 — Stephen, K. C. 

3 — Sandalius, M. 

4 SS. Candida and Rosa, VV. 

6 St. Laurence Justinian, B. C. 

6 — Eugenius, M. 

7 — Regina, V. 

8 Nativity of B. V. Mary 

9 St. Gorgonius, M. 

10 — Nicholas of Tolentinum, C. 

11 Sa Protus and Hyacinth, MM. 

12 — Leontius, &c, MM. 

13 — Philip, &c, MM. 

14 Exaltation of the Holy Croaa 

15 St. Nicomedes, M. 

16 SS. Cornelius and Cyprian, MM. 

17 St. Peter Arbues, M. 

18 — Thomas of Villanova, B. C. 

19 — Januariu*, B. M. 

20 SS. Kuatachius, Src, MM. 

21 St Matthew, Ap. 

22 SS. Maurice, Src, MM. 

23 St, Linus, P. M. 

24 Our B. Lady of Mercy 

25 St, Lupus. B. C. 

26 — Cyprian, M. 

27 SS. Coamas and Damian, MM. 

28 St. Wenceelas, M. 

29 — Michael. Archangel 

30 — Jerom, C. D. 



CALENDARS. 307 


OLD ENGLISH CALENDAR. 


SCOTTISH CALENDAR. 


8EPTXMBER. 


8EPTEMBXR. 


1 St. Elphege, B. C. 


1 St, Giles, Ab. 


2 — Adamen, Ab. 


2 * 


3 — Mansuetus, B. C. 


3 


4 — Swibert, B. C. 


4 Translation of St. Cuthbert, B.C. 


5 — Altho, Ab. 


5 St. Berlin, Ab. 


6 — Magnus, Ab. 


6 


7 — Leofgar, B. C. 


7 


8 — Ethelburge, Qu. Abbess 


8 Nativity of B. V. M. 


9 — Osmanna, V. 


9 St. Gorgonius, M. 


10 — Orgerus, C. 


10 


U _ Wulfhildis, V. 


11 SS. Protus and Jacinth, MM. 


12 -r Eanswide, V. 


12 


13 — Turgotus, B. C. 


13 


14 — Gelduinus, C. 


14 Exaltation of the Holy Cross 


15 — Editha, V. 


15 Octave of Nativity of B. V. M. 


16 — Ninian, B. C. 


16 St. Ninian, B. C. 


17 SS. Stephen and Socrates, MM. 


17 — Lambert, B. M. 


18 St. Wenoch, C. 


18 


19 — Theodore, B. C. 


19 


20 — Herigwide, Qu. 


20 


21 — Gurval, B. C. 


21 St. Matthew, Ap. Ev. 


22 — Hia, V. 


22 SS. Maurice and Comp., MM. 


23 — Alfwold, K M. 


23 St. Adampnan, Ab. 


24 — Winnibald, C. 


24 


25 SS. Theodoric, &c, MM. 


25 St. Fymber, B. C. 


26 — Hedda and 84 Monks, MM. 


26 SS. Cyprian and Justina, MM. 


27 St. Sigebert, K. M. 


27 — Cosmas and Damian, MM. 


28 — Lioba, V. 


28 St. Machan, B.C. 


29 — Roger, B. C. 


29 — Michael, Archangel 


30 — Honorius, B. C. 


30 — Jerom, C. D. 


GERMAN CALENDAR. 


GREEK CALENDAR. 


8EPTEMBER. 


SEPTEMBER. 


1 St Giles, C. 


1 St Simeon, C. 


2 — Stephen, K. C. 


2 — Mamantus, M. 


3 — Remaclus, B. C. 


8 — Anthimus, B. M. 


4 — Rosalia, V. 


4 — Babylas, B. M. 


5 — Victorinus 


5 — Zachary, Prophet 

6 — Michael, Archangel 


6 — Onesiphorus 


7 — Regina, V. 


7 — Soson, M. 


8 Nativity of B. V. Mary 


8 Nativity of B. V. Mary 


9 St. Andomar, B. C. 


9 SS. Joachim and Ann 


10 — Nicholson of Tolentinum, C. 


10 St Menodora, M. 


11 — Theodora, Empress 


11 — Theodora, Empress 


12 — Nicetas, M. 


12 — Autonomus, B. M. 


13 — Maternus 


13 — Cornelius the Centurion, M. 


14 Exaltation of the Holy Cross 


14 Exaltation of the Holy Cross 


15 8t. Nicomede8, M. 


15 St. Nicetas, M. 


16 — Cornelius, P. M. 


16 — Euphemia, M. 


17 Stigmas of St. Francis 


17 — Sophia, M. 


18 St. Thomas of Villanova, B. C. 


18 — Eumenius Thaumaturgus 


19 — Januarius, B. M. 


19 — Trophimus, M. 


20 — Eustachius, M. 


20 — Enstathius, M. 


21 — Matthew, Ap. 


21 — Quadratus, Ap. 


22 — Maurice, M. 


22 — Phocas, B. M. 


23 — Linus, P. M. 


23 Conception of St. John Baptist 


24 — Gerard, B. C. 


24 St. Thecla, V. M. 


25 — Catherine of Genoa, V. 


25 — Euphrosyne, V . 


26 — Cyprian, M. 


26 — John Ap. and Evangelist 


27 SS. Cosmas and Damian, MM. 


27 — Callistratus, M. 


28 St. Wenceslaus, M. 


28 — Chariton, C. 


29 Dedication of 8t Michael 


29 — Cyriacns, Anchoret 


30 St. Jerom, C. D. 


30 — Gregory of Armenia 



308 CALB 
ROMAN CALENDAR. 

1 81. Remigius, B. C. 

2 The Holj Angels Guardiani 

S SS. Pt«idus,fcc.,MM,' 

8 Bl. Bruno. C. 

7 — M.Ik, P. C. 

S — Bridgol.W. Iiheriui.MM, 

9 aa. Dlonysius, Itusticut, and Eleu- 
10 SI. Francis Borgi., C. 

17 SI. Hedwujei, W. 

IS — Luke, £.. 

19 — Peter of Alcantara., C. 

31 — Hilarion.Ab! 

31 SS. Chryaan'lhus and Warin, MM, 
28 Bi. ETaiUtm, F. M, 
2? Vigil 

31 Vigil 


OLD ENGLISH CALENDAR 
OF SARUM USB. 

1 St. Remlgini, B. C. 
3 — Leodegarius, B. M. 

6 at Fallh, V. M. 

7 SS. Marcellus and Apuleiui, MM. 

9 BS. Dionysius and Comp.. MM. 

10 - - Gueonand Crap, MM. 

11 — Nicasiua and Comp., MM. 

13 Translation ofBL Edward, K. C. 

Ifi — N,'chae"'iu Monte Tumb 
19 St Luke, Ei. 

31 The Eleven Thoutand Virgins, MM 

■I St. Rinnan ut, B. C. 

is SS. Crispin and Criapinian. MM. 

■>a SS. Simon and JuJc, App. 

31 SI. Quinlin, M. 


FRENCH CALENDAR. 

1 St. llominius. B. C. 
3 Holy Angels Guardian. 

11 — Flrminus. 8. C. 

12 - Wilfrid, 11. C, 
IS — Qinldm, C. 

14 — Callistus, P. M. 

15 — Teresa, V. 

19 — SaHn'ian.'M. 
22— Melto,'B.C. ' 

37 — Frnmentius, B. C. 
3D - Sinus. Ap. 

30 - IMUH M. 


SPANISH CALENDAR. 

J — 'Froilan, B. C."*"* 10 ' 

7 33. Marcus and Sorgtui. MM. 

9 — Denfs^B. M. 

10 - Francis Borgia, C. 

1 1 SS. Elrmlnna and Nicasloi, BB. CC. 

Ml, P. M. 

17 — Hevigesi, W. 

18 — Lute, Ev, 

19— Perer of Alcantara, C. 

20 — Irene, V. M. 

21 — Mary'silonw, W. 
23— Peter Paschal, B.C. 

11 — ' Vincent, M. ' 

10 at,' Narci»q«, B. M. PP ' 

31 - IMsUssVat. 



CALENDARS. 



OLD ENGLISH CALENDAR. 


SCOTTISH CALENDAR. 


1 St. Wunulph. C. 


1 S9 Remi e luB°G°r B inTn'u! andAmar,- 




.•■ l....-!«ariii., M. [dus.BB.CC. 


3 SS. K*ald, Hrr.llien, SIM. 




* St. Edwin, K. M. 


4 St. Frincis, C. 


5 - Wilfrid .he Youngnr, B.C. 




8 — J*j. c. 


« St. Fallh, V. M. [MM. 


7 -OHth.On. M. 


i S-. MiL-ciis. Maicallui, and Epuleus. 






1 — Robert. Gro.tetc. B. C. 


!> SS. ]H...HHi.iV. lt!, s -ifui, ondElamhe- 


10 — Paulinos, B. C. 


10 — Genoa and Comp., MM. 




II SI. Cmicus. Ab. 










11 St. Burchard, B.C. 


IF 'cjJilllll'.P.If. 


IS — Tecla, V. 


IS 




16 St. Michael de MonleTumba 


17 SS kihcl'hritfit and Ethelred, 


17- Regains, Ab. 


1» Si.Eihbin.C. [Bralln-r:., MM 


13 — Luka. Ev. 




IS 








SI The Eleven Thnu-nnd Virgins, MM 










U - MM'ofiD^ B. C. 




25 SS. Valeria and P.dlena, VT. 


25 St. Mernoe,B.C. 


■IS — E»t». B.. and Hauulatad, C. 


26 - Bnan, B. C. 








38 SS. Simon and J ode, App. 


20 - Elfleda, V. 




30 - E«elnoth.B. C. 


SO — Talttinii, B. C. 


31 - Foillao, B. M. 


31 — Bnga, V. 


GERMAN CALENDAR. 


GREEK CALENDAR. 


1 St.Benii e !in1™cf 1 '' 


1 St.Ananlu., Ap! " 8 ' 




■I SS i. ■; prinn'and Jui'ina, MM. 










S — flacidus, M. 


5 — Charilini, M. 


A — Bruno, C. 


S - Thornae, Ap. 


7 — Ptisain, Penitent 


7 SS. Sergiua and Bacchus, MM. 


S — Bridget, W. 


8 St. Pel.gia, Penile.:! 




— James of Alplieus, Ap. 


Ill - Prancii Bo, s fa, C. 




IS — Elieai 


11 — Philip, Ap. 










la — TarMa, V. 


15 — Luetim, M. 






17 — HtdoifO, W. 






ID — Luko. Et. 




19 — Joel, Prophet 


20 — Wendelin.C. 


JO - Anemias. M. 


..1 i ■■.,. V 11 


II — Hilanontba Great, Ab, 




23 — Aborcins. Thaumarurgua 


23-JohnCapi.trsn.C. 




24 — lanaliui of Constantinople, B. C. 






. IB, M. 


■ ■■ 




27 Si.ivo.B. B. 


V — Nestor. M,' 


29 SS. Bona and Juda, App, 


28 — Stephen the Sabniitn 






M -- (WBBB.It. 


l.i - ZmoMlH, M. 


31 — Wolfgang, B. C. 


91 — Slsuhji. Ap. 



810 



CALENDAR*. 



ROMAN CALENDAR. 

VOTXMBXm. 

1 All Saint* 

2 All Souk 

3 Of the Octave of All Saints 

4 8t. Charles, B. C. 

5 Of the Octave 

6 Of the Octave 

7 Of the Octave 

8 Octave of AH Saint* • 

9 Dedication of Church of oar Saviour 

10 St. Andrew AvellinJ, C. 

11 — Martin, B. C. 

12 — Martin, P.M. 
IS — Didacus, C. 
14 

15 St. Gertrude, V. 
16 

17 St. Gregory Thaumaturgua, B. C. 

18 Dedication of Ch. of 68. Peter and 

19 St. Elisabeth, W. [Paul 

20 — Felix of Valoi*, C. 

21 — Presentation of B. V. Mary 

22 — Cecily, V. M. 

23 — Clement, P. M. 

24 — John of the Cross, C. 
Catherine, V. M. 
Peter, B. M. 



25 

26 

27 

28 

29 St. Saturninus, M. 

30 



Andrew, Ap. 



1 

2 

3 

4 

6 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 

14 

15 

16 

17 

18 

19 

20 

21 

22 

23 

24 

25 

26 

27 

28 

29 

30 



OLD ENGLISH CALENDAR 
OF 8ARUM USE. 

IOT1MBE1. 

All 8aints 
All 8ouls 
St.Wenefrid, V. M. 



St. Leonard, Ab. C. 

The Four Crowned Martyrs 
St. Theodore, M. 

St Martin, B. C. 

St. Brice, B. C. 

St Maehutus, B. C 
St Edmund, B.C. 

— Hugh, B. C. 

Octave of St Martin, B. C. 

St Edmund, K. U. 

St. Cecily, V. M. 

— Clement, P. M. 

— Chrysogonua, M. 

— Catherine, V. M. 

— Linus, P. M. 



SS. Saturninus and Sisinniua, MM. 
St. Andrew, Ap. 



FRENCH CALENDAR. 

MOVSMBBS. 

1 All Saints 

2 All Souls 

3 St. Marcellus, B. C. 

4 — Charles, B. C. 

5 — Berthilda, Abbess 

6 — Leonard, Ab. 

7 — Willebrord, B. C. 

8 Holy Relics 

9 St. Mathurin, C. 

10 — Leo, P. C. 

11 — Martin, B.C. 

12 — Rene, B.C. 

13 — Brice, B. C. 

14 — Maclou, B. C. 

15 — Eugenius, M. 

16 — Galmier 

17 — Agnanus, B. C. 

18 — Auda, V. 

19 — Elizabeth, W. 

20 — Edmund, K. M. 

21 Presentation of B. V. Mary 

22 St. Cecily, V. M. 

23 — Clement, P. M. 

24 — Flora, V. M. 

25 — Catherine, V. M. 

26 — Genevieve, V. 

27 — John of Leon 

28 — Armandus 

29 — Saturninus, M. 
80 — Andrew, Ap. 



SPANISH CALENDAR. 

NOTSMBBB. 

1 All Saints 

2 All Souls 

3 St. Valentine, M. 

4 — Charles, B. C. 

5 — Zachary, Prophet 

6 — Leonard, Ab. 

7 — Anthony, M. 

8 SS. Severus, &c, MM. 

9 St. Theodore, M. 

10 — Andrew Avellino, C. 

11 — Martin, B. C. 

12 — James of Alcala 

13 — Eugenius, B. C. 

14 — Serapion, M. 

15 — Eugenius, B. C. 

16 88. Rufinus, &c, MM. 

17 St. Gertrude, V. 

18 — Maximus, B. C. 

19 — Isabella, Queen 

20 — Felix of Valois 

21 Presentation of B. V. Mary 

22 St. Cecily, V. M. 

23 — Clement, P. M. 

24 — John of the Cross, C. 

25 — Catherine, V. M. 

26 Desponsation of B. V. Mary 

27 SS. Facundus and Primitivus, MM. 

28 St Gregory III., P. C. 

29 — Saturninus, M. 

30 — Andrew, Ap. 







OLD ENGLISH CALENDAR. 


_ 

SCOTT [SH CALENDAR. 




murm. 


i Si cii», v. 


1 All Saint, 


2 — Vulganiu., B. C. 


2 All Soul. 


3 — Wenefrld, V. M. 


3 SB. Bala and Maura, VV. 


4 — Clama, M. 


* 


6 — Malachj.B. C. 


| 8l ^^ Ao 


6 - HuiliB.C. 


7 t ' Le01 "' J ' 


S Z WililbSjB. B C. C * 




8 St. Moroe, B. C. 


9 — Kebiui, B. C. 


- Theodore, M. 


Id — Juinu, B. C. 




11 — Jaron, M. 


11 SI, Martin, B. C. 






IS — Dubrilin.,'B. C. 


13 - Brltt, B. C. 


li- bimiiB, B.C. 


It- Media, B.C. 


IS - Main, b ('. 


15 - M.idni1u.,B.C. 


1G ~ Edmund, B. C. 


IB — Margaret, Queen of Scota 


17 - Hugo, B.C. 




1 B — PulCD, C. 


IS - Ferguuan. B. C. 


IS — Ermenburfla, Qu. Abbeal 




30 — Edmund, K M. 


H ~ 




11 Pre.entltionofB. V. M. 




St 81. CcdlT.V. 11. 




13 — Clement, P. M. 




H - ChrjMgoo™. M. 


as — Alnolh, M. 


13 - Catherine, V. M. 






iJ — Ods, V. 


J7 - ,BB *' 


28 — Bdnold, C. 


28 


2B — Hunck, C. 


M Sl.Satumtmil.U. 


30 _ Theanua, B. C. 


— "*"* 


GERMAN CALENDAR. 


GREEK CALENDAR. 








1 The Holy Poor 


1 All Sonll 




3 St. 11 1. :.■■-■ rt 




4 — Charlei, B. C. 


4 - Jua.mk-.L,. the Great 






e — Leonard, C. 


8 — Paul, B. C. 


7 — WIllebrorD, B. C. 


7 — Leienii ThaumatuTgul 


8 — Eneelbert 




9 — Theodore Tyto, M. 








11 — Martin, B.C. 


11 — Meunaa, M. 


1! - Martin, P. M. 






13 — John Chryioitom, B. C. D, 


14— Francei' 


14 — Philip, Ad. 


1( — Albert the Great, C. 


16 — Edmund, B. C. 






17 — Gregory Thaumiiurju., B. C. D. 




18 BS. PJiK.andRom.nM, MM. 


19 - Ellxabetb, W. 


IB — Barium and Abdini, Propi. 


M - MtetftaMhC. 


10 S'. Gregory of Decapolia 


11 Proamnion of B. V. Mary 


11 Pre.eotatlooofB.V- M.rj 




It Si. Philemon, Ap. 


23 — Clamant, P. M. 


13 — Gregory of AgrlKODIum. B. C. 
31 — clem.DC P- 8- 


14 — Colombia, Ab. 


IS - Catherine, V. M. 


25 - Catherine, V. M. 








17 — Jam.aofParaia, M. 


S8 — Jime. of La Ma.ca. C. 


-ix — Itantual Lba Taftdajw, M 


29 — Stephen U» Youiujtt. M- 


TJ — Ae.ciui, B. C, 


... 


3» - Andrew, Ap. 







812 



CALENDARS. 



ROMAN CALENDAR. 

DECEMBER. 
1 

2 St. Bibiana, V. M. 

3 — Francis Xavi«r, C. 

4 — Peter Chrysologus, B. C. 

5 — Sabbas, Ab. 

6 — Nicholas, B. C. 

7 — Ambrose, B. C. D. 

8 Immac. Conception of B. V. Mary 

9 Of the Oct. of the Immac. Conception 

10 St. Melchiades, P. M. 

11 — Daraatus, P. C. 

12 Of the Octave 

13 St Lucy, V. M. 

14 Octave 

15 Oct of Immac. Conception of B. V. 

16 St. Eusebius, B. M. [Mary 
17 

18 
19 

20 Vigil 

21 St. Thomas, Ap. 
22 

23 

24 Vigil 

25 Nativity of our Lord 

26 St. Stephen, M. 

27 — John, Ap. Ev. 

28 Holy Innocents 

29 St. Thomas of Canterbury, B. M. 

30 Of the Sund. within Octave of Nat. 

31 St. Sylvester, P. C. 



1 

2 

3 

4 

6 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 

14 

15 

16 

17 

18 

19 

20 

21 

22 

23 

24 

25 

26 

27 

28 

29 

30 

31 



OLD ENGLISH CALENDAR 
OF SARUM USE. 

DECEMBER. 



St Nicholas, B. C. 
Conception of B. V. M. 

St. Lucy, V. M. 



St. Thomas, Ap. 



Nativity of our Lord 

St. Stephen, Protomartyr 

— John, Ap. Ev. 

Holy Innocents, MM. 

St. Thomas of Canterbury, B. If. 

St. Sylvester, P. M. 



FRENCH CALENDAR. 

DECBMBEB,. 

1 St EHgius, B. C. 

2 — Fulgentius, B. C. 

3 — Francis Xavier, C. 

4 — Barbara, V. M. 
6 — Sabbas, Ab. 

6 — Nicholas, B. C. 

7 — Para, V. 

8 Immac. Conception of B. V. Mary 

9 8t. Gorgonia, V. 

10 — Jucunda 

1 1 — Fuscian, M. 

12 — Damasus, P. C. 

13 — Lucy, V. M. 

14 — Nicasius, B. M. 

15 — Mesmin, Ab. 

16 — Adelaide, Empress 

17 — Olympias, W. 

18 — Gasian, B. C. 

19 — Meuris, M. 

20 — Philogonius, B. C. 

21 — Thomas, Ap. 

22 — Honoratus, B. C. 

23 — Victoria, V. M. 

24 — Delphinus, B. C. 

25 Nativity of our Lord 

26 St. Stephen, M. 

27 — John, Ap. 

28 Holy Innocents 

29 St. Thomas of Canterbury, B. M. 

30 — Columba, V. 

31 — Sylvester, P. C. 



SPANISH CALENDAR. 

DECEMBER. 

1 St. Natalia, V. M. 

2 — Bibiana, V. M. 

3 — Francis Xavier, C. 

4 — Barbara, V. M. 

5 — Sabbas, Ab. 

6 — Nicholas, B. C. 

7 — Ambrose, B, C. D. 

8 Immac. Conception of B. V. Mary 

9 St. Leocadia, V. M. 

10 Our B. Lady of Loretto 

11 St. Damasus, P. C. 

12 8S. Donatus, &c, MM. 

13 St. Lucy, V. M. 

14 SS. Nicasius, &c., MM. 

15 St. Eusebius, B. M. 

16 SS. Valentine, &c, MM. 

17 St. Lasarus, B. C. 

18 Our B. Lady of the O. 

19 St. Nemesius, M. 

20 — Dominic of Silos, C. 

21 — Thomas, Ap. 

22 SS. Demetrius, &c, MM. 

23 St. Victoria, V. M. 

24 — Gregory, M. 

25 Nativity of our Lord 

26 St. Stephen, M. 

27 — John, Ap. 

28 Holy Innocents 

29 St. Thomas of Canterbury, B. M. 

30 Translation of St. James, Ap. 

31 St. Sylvester, P. C. 







CALENDARS. 313 


OLD ENGLISH CALENDAR. 


SCOTTISH CALENDAR. 


mckuwh. 




1 «. Vlnlllui, B. C. 


1 St. Eligiui. B, C. 


1 — Wmji, Ab. 


2 — Ethernan, B. C. 


5 — Lnoius, K.C. 




4 — Blrinus.B. C. 




9 — Eaiujes, «u. 




< — Congellu., Ah. 




7 - OiMld, B. C. 


7 Ocla.e of St. Andrew, Ap. 


8 — Agatha, Qu. 




:.' — Elgivn, <lu. 




10 - Daniel, B. C. 




1] - Boysil.Ab. 




11 - Elfreda. V. 






II St. Lnc;, V. M. 


14 — Edbnrge', V. 




1J — Hilda. V. 




IS — Colman. M. 




17 — Titla, V. 




IB — Daniel, B.C. 


IB St. Minimi, B. C. 


19 — Macariua, Ab. 




20 - Mathilda, On. 




21 — Eualacnlua. C. 


21 St. Thorn,,, Ap. 




!Z — Etnernnscm, B. C. 


S3 — Ithwara, V, M. 










L'i N.iluityofourLorn 












2* lii.lv Innocent!, MM. 




...i.fC'antr.rbnrj.B.K. 


30 — Ralph, Ab, 




31 — Bihernan, C. 


31 St. Sylteaicr, P. C. 


GERMAN CALENDAR. 


GREEK CALENDAR. 








1 St. Nahum, Propl.el 






3 — Francis Xaiier, C. 






*-5SSL7t.m7 








li — NichnlH, B. C. 


7 — Amnion, B. C. D. 


7 — AtnbroH, B. C. D. 




8 - Patapiui, C. 


It St. Leocatlla, V. M. 






11 — Daniel Btyllie, C. 






12 -- S r .iritlion,B.C. 

IS — Eustratiu.. Sc, MM. 


13 — Lucy, V. M. 


11 — Njeiaioi, B.W. 


14 — Thyrsus, M. 




IS — EluulliiTiui, B.M. 




lr, — Agacns, Prophet 




17 — Daniel. Prnj.net, and the Three 


19 — Grnilan, B. C. 


18 — BsbaiUan, M. [Children 


10 — Ch iltlian 


SO — l S n alius, 'b.M. 


SI - Thomas, Ap, 


21 — Juliana, V. M. 




22 — Anasuai., V. M. 










25 Nalivity of our Lord 






26 Feast of t]>e Mother ofGod 


28 itoi'^n'ioMoli 


27 St Stephen. P.otomartyr 






il> St. 'flmmai of Canterbury, B, M. 








n - Bjhcuet 


31 — Melania, the Younger, Wld. 




Ill 



tbnfrfytts of tty ^gbils. 



The following Emblems are but little known, but 
may be occasionally found useful. They are taken 
from an old French Prayer Book : " Heures a Pusage 
de Chalons." Paris, Simon Vostre, 1514. 



AORIPA 


A Scourge. 


CUMANA 


A Crib. 


Cyemeria 


A Horn. 


Delphica . 


Holding a Crown of Thorns. 


Elopontia 


Holding a Cross. 


Edbopa 


A Sword. 


Fbioea 


A Cross with Pennon. 


Ltbica 


lighted Taper. 


Persica . 


Holding a Lantern, and 




Trampling on a Dragon. 


Samne (Sane) . 


A Rose. 


TlBURTINA 


About to give a Blow. 



gmyL gqaldrg, 



OB, 

Armorial bearings assigned, chiefly in the 15th 
Century, to certain Saints, which are occasionally 
found with their Effigies, and may serve in such cases 
to identify them. 

St. Alban, Protomartyr of England. — Azure, a saltier, or. 

St. Albert, K. C. — Gules, a bezant between 8 crowns, or. 

St. Albright. — Or, three chevronels, azure. 

St. Amfhibalus, M. — 1 and 4 gules, a lion rampant, or, 2 and 
3 or, a lion rampant, gules. 

Otherwise. — Quarterly, gules and or, four lions rampant 
counterchanged. 

St. Andrew, Ap. — Gules, a saltier, argent. 

St. Anselm, B. C. — Argent guttee de sang, a cross pattee 
throughout, sable. 

St. Audby, Abbess. — Gules, 3 crowns, two and one, or. 

St. Augustin of England, B. C. — Sable, a cross argent : in 
the dexter canton a pastoral staff erect, or, 
ensigned with a cross pattee of the second, and 
surmounted by a pall of the last : in the sinister 
canton a lily slipped, argent. 

St. Cabadoc, Hermit. — Azure, in bend a ladder, argent, 
between six lioncels rampant, or. 



. Chad, B. C, — Per pule gulps and ardent, a cross poten 
and quadrate in the centre, between four crosse 
pattee, all countercharged. 

. Conyn, C— Or, nine Torteaux, 3—3—3. 

. Dents. — Gules, & cross flory, argent. 

. Dionysids. — Gules, a cross argent, between four lions. 

. Dominic, C. — Per chevron, sable and argent ; over all 
crucifix proper. 
Chest. — Out of a ducal coronet, a figure of the B 
Virgin, and Divino Infant, holding a white 

Motto, — Lauiltirc, Benediaere et Pradieart. 
Oiherwite. — Per chevron, sable and argent, between i 
lily and palm in saltier, issuing from a crown 
or, a mullet of sis pointa, gules. In base, on 
mound, vert, a dog sejant, holding an orb : 
his mouth, a torch flamed, proper. Behind tl 
shield is often introduced a cross flory, per 
cross and saltier, argent and sable. 

'. Dubbitios, B. C. — Azure, a mitre transfixed by an archie 
pisoopal cross in pale, and two pastoral staves 
in saltier, or. 

'. Dunstan, B. C. — GuIcb, a covered cup, or. 

:. Edmund, B. C— Or, a cross patonce, gules, between four 
Cornish choughs, proper. 

'. Edmund, K, M.— Azure, 3 crowns, two and one, eac. 
transfixed with, two arrows, saltier ways, or. 
OihewUt. — Azure, 3 crowns, or, two and one. 
'. Edwabd, E. M. — Azure, a cross pattee, between foil 



St. Edwabd, K, C— Azure, 
martlets, or. 



SACRED HERALDRY. 817 

St. Ethelbert, K C. — Azure, three lilies pendent, argent: 
in chief three crowns, or ; in hase, three cin- 
quefoils — two and one : a bordure, argent, 
semee of escalops and torteaux. 

Otherwise. — Gules, three bezants, two and one : the first 
charged with a lion rampant, argent; the 
second, with a dragon salient, of the last, and 
the one in base, with ademi-king, regally vested 
and crowned proper. 

.Qtlierwise. — Gules, three crowns, or. 

St. Gere on, M. — On a cross, between four eaglets displayed 
nine roundles. 

St. George, M. — Argent, a cross, gules. 

Otherwise. — Gules, seven mascles, or, three, three and 
one. 

St. Gilbert, Ab. — Argent, three bars gules : over all in bend, 
a pilgrim's crutch, azure. 

Otherwise. — Barry of six, argent and gules, a cross Tau, 
vert, in bend. 

St. Godelac, Hermit. — Gules, a cross flory, or. Within a 
bordure azure, crusily of the second. 

St. Gregory Great, Pope. — Or, three bendlets, gules, on a 
chief purple: a plate between two lions com- 
batant, gules. 

St. Hugh of Lincoln, B. C. — Azure, a saltier ermine, between 
four neurs de lys, or. 

St. Julian. — Argent, a cross crosslet in saltier, sable. 

St. Kenelm, E. M. — Barry of eight, azure and argent : on a 
chief of the second, a pall between two based 
esquires of the first. 

St. Louis, K. G. — Azure, sem6e of neurs de lys, or. 



318 SACRED HERALDRY. 

St. Martin, B. C— Gules, a wheel, or. 

St. Maurice, M. — Gules, a cross and border, or. 
Otherwise. — Or, a lion rampant, gules. 

St. Oswald, K. G. — Azure, a cross pattee, or, between 4 lions 
rampant, argent 

St. Oswyn, K. M. — Azure, three crowns, or, two and one. 
Otherwise. — Gules, three crowns, or. 

St. Paul, Apostle. — Gules, two swords in saltier, argent, 
hilted, or. 

St. Peter, Apostle. — Argent, six rosettes, gules two, two, 
two, paleway. 

St. Richard, B. C. — Gules, a cross between four covered 
cups, argent. 

St. Sebastian, M. — Argent, three arrows, gules, two and one. 

Otherwise. — Argent, party per pale, seven crosses in 
dexter, gules — two, one, two, one and one, three 
arrows in sinister, azure, pointing upwards in 
line above each other. 

St. Thomas of Canterbury, B. M. — Argent, three Cornish 
choughs. 

Otherwise. — A bird, quarterly with the arms of the See of 
Canterbury. 

St. Thomas of Hereford, B. C. — Gules, three leopards' 
faces reversed, jesant de lys, two and one, or. 

St. Thomas of Lancaster. — Gules, three lions passant, 
guardant, or, a label of 3 points, azure. 

St. Ursula, V. M. — Azure, eleven arrows in pale, or, five, 
four and two. 

St. Victor, M. — Cheeky, gules and vert, a cross and border, 
or. 



SACRED HERALDRY. 319 

St. William of York, B. C. — Gules, nine mascles, or, three, 
three, two and one. 

Othewise. — Azure, fretty, or : on a chief of the second, a 
lion issuant, gules. 

St. William of Maleval, Hermit. — Quarterly argent, a fleur 
de lys in each quarter. 



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Fabbeism Exposed and Rbfutbd 12 

fubthbb ezfobubb and refutation 10 

Reply to Fabbb's Supplement 10 

Difficulties of Fabbbibm 2 6 

St. Ctfbian Vindicated 03 

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Christians' Refuge in Cholera, &c 3 

Office of the Holt Will of God 9 

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