77th Annual Report
1st JULY 1959 TO 30th JUNE I960
DESPITE the disappointing result of the General Election, the Society
had a relatively successful year. Membership increased, reversing last
year's trend, and sales of pamphlets were higher than they have been
tor many years past.
The role of the Fabian Society in the aftermath of the third consecu-
tive defeat of the Labour Party at a General Election is clearly different
from its function when a Labour Government may be imminent. The
pamphlets published after the General Election, in the year covered by this
Report, have reflected that change of role. The new series ' Socialism in
the Sixties ' has dealt with the long-term future of the Labour Party, the
changing pattern of national and international society that it will encounter,
and the analysis of what is objectionable in contemporary society. The
series, which has included such Fabian best-sellers as Casualties of the
Welfare State, The Irresponsible Society, and Labour in the Affluent
Society, has attracted a great deal of publicity, including discussions on the
radio and television, a full centre-page article in The Observer, and many
leading articles in national newspapers.
Side by side with this, the Society has continued to produce research
pamphlets, outlining practical problems and proposing practical solutions.
The advocacy of particular reforms, with the aim of influencing the
Government, has long been a function of the Society, and is not less
essential in these Opposition years.
A Young Fabian Group was established during the year to run func-
tions for younger members, and to produce three pamphlets of its own
each year. A discussion group on public ownership was also started, with
good support from Fabians, and one or two other groups were planned.
To match this new activity with the necessary funds, a £5.000 appeal
was launched, to which members responded generously. By the end of the
year, the halfway mark had been reached. Increases in costs have made
the problem of balancing the Society's income with its expenditure a con-
tinuing problem, and the maintenance and further extension of activities
will depend upon a substantial and permanent improvement in the Society's
In carrying on the work it has undertaken, work which is essential if
the philosophy and standpoint of social democracy are to be upheld, the
Society owes a great deal to those who write for it, speak for it and work
for it without any reward other than the knowledge that, without them.
it could not continue.
Despite the decline in support for the Labour Party which was
manifested at the General Election, individual membership of the Society
improved. The increase was registered in the more expensive 50s. and 60s.
categories ; membership at lower rates continued to decline. There was
also a welcome improvement in the number of Labour Parties, Co-operative
Societies and Trade Unions subscribing.
The proportion of young people joining was well maintained, and a
number of new members expressed interest in belonging to the Young
Membership of local societies showed a further decline. Several
societies ceased activities during the Election and did not start again. How-
ever, reorganisation and re-formation has led to a number of new societies
Membership Figures at 30th June
NATIONAL INDIVIDUAL MEMBERS
Full Members ...
Labour Parties, Co-ops., Trade Unions
77th annual report 5
Members Elected: John Diamond (Honorary Treasurer, unopposed)
and (in order of ballot) A. Wedgwood Benn, Brian Abel-Smith, Roy
Jenkins, Ritchie Calder, Eirene White, Peter Townsend, C. A. R. Crosland,
Margaret Cole, Arthur Skeffington, H. D. Hughes, John Parker, Denis
Healey, Austen Albu, Mary Stewart, Shirley Williams, Peggy Jay, Lord
Members Co-opted: R. H. S. Crossman, Robert Neild, Reginald
Prentice, Michael Shanks, Peter Shore, George Thomson. Stephen Hatch,
Chairman of the Young Fabians Group, was co-opted in April to fill
the place vacated by the resignation of Shirley Williams.
Members of the Committees appointed by the Executive Committee
are listed in Appendix 'A'.
Labour Party Conference: W. T. Rodgers.
London Labour Party Conference: Arthur Skeffington, M.P.
London Labour Party Executive Committee: Arthur Skeffington, M.P.
H. D. Hughes was elected Chairman of the Executive Committee, Lord
Faringdon Vice-Chairman, and John Parker Honorary Secretary. John
Diamond, M.P., had already been returned as Honorary Treasurer in the
There were eleven full-time and three part-time members of the staff.
In April, W. T. RODGERS resigned as General Secretary after nearly eight
years with the Society, both in that capacity and previously as Assistant
Secretary. His vigour and enthusiasm did much to maintain the Society's
work and influence through a difficult period. SHIRLEY WILLIAMS, his
successor, is already well known to members through her writings and as
a member of the Executive. R. L. LEONARD, the Assistant Secretary,
is also leaving the Society's employment after five years' excellent service.
CATHERINE HOSKYNS left after a year as Assistant Secretary of
the Commonwealth Bureau, and was succeeded by MARGARET
ROSEMARY SPIRA and THEA VIGNE also left the Society during
the year; they were replaced by BEATRICE FEDER and LEONORA
The Executive Committee wishes to thank these and other members
of the Staff for their devoted service to the Society.
4 FABIAN SOCIETY
The Executive Committee would like to thank those members who
gave valuable and much-appreciated voluntary help during the year, in
particular Mr. Holman for regular assistance in the general office, and
Renee Ayer, Muriel Pease, Mary Winchester, Mr. Bradbury and Mrs.
Scholefield Allen for their work for the Commonwealth Bureau. The
Local Societies Committee would like to thank Gabriel Newfield and
H. J. Boyden, M.P., for their help.
ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING
The Annual General Meeting was held at the London University
Institute of Education on Saturday, 5th December, 1959. The Annual
Report and the Statement of Accounts were accepted. A vote of thanks
to Messrs. Pegg, Robertson and Co. for their services as Honorary Auditors
was carried unanimously, and they were asked to serve for 1959-1960.
An amendment to Rule 2 of the Society's Rules was proposed by
Anthony Wedgwood Benn and carried by the necessary majority of three-
quarters of those present and voting. The amendment was an addition to
the first paragraph of Rule 2, as follows:
' It also aims at the implementation of the Charter of the United
Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It seeks
the creation of effective international institutions to uphold and enforce
world peace '.
A Regional Members' meeting to discuss the work of the Society and
to hear members' comments and suggestions, was held in Leeds in
November. The Chairman and the General Secretary attended.
SUMMER SCHOOLS, 1959
Two weeks of Summer Schools were held, as well as a fortnight's
school in Germany. The first, at Wiston House, Steyning, was entitled
'Democracy in Danger'. Lecturers were R. H. S. Crossman. M.P.,
Desmond Donnelly, M.P., J. Halcro Ferguson, Leon Ma Guerrero, Paul
Ignotus, Colin Jackson, Dorothy Pickles, Peter Wiles and David Williams.
James Johnson was Director and Alison Lough was Secretary.
The second week at Collington Rise, Bexhill, was a family school,
a successful new departure. The subject was ' The Changing Face of
Britain '. Lecturers were E. R. Braithwaite, C. A. R. Crosland, David
Davies, Oleg Kerensky, W. T. Rodgers, Gordon Rose, Raymond Williams,
Sir W. E. Williams and Peter Willmott. George Thomson, M.P., was
Director and Grace Thomson was Secretary. There were 101 full-time
students, of whom 22 were children, and 18 part-time.
The German Summer School was held at Bergneustadt, near Cologne.
The programme of lectures and visits was arranged by the Friedrich-Ebert
Institute. The Director was John Parker. M.P., and Zena Parker was
Secretary. There were 25 students.
77th annual report 5
Four week-end schools were held with a total attendance of 250. The
New Year School at Beatrice Webb House, Dorking, was entitled ' Equality
through Social Policy '. The Director was Peter Townsend and the
lecturers were Brian Abel-Smith, Karel Reisz, John Vaizey and Barbara
The Spring School on ' The Future of Socialism ' was held at Alston
Hall, near Preston. H. D. Hughes directed and the lecturers were Anthony
Wedgwood Benn, Prof. W. J. M. Mackenzie and H. A. Turner.
The Easter School, held at Beatrice Webb House, was entitled
' Socialism and Industry '. Reg Prentice, M.P., directed and lectures were
given by Lisl Klein, Robert Neild, Michael Shanks and Peter Shore.
The Under Thirties School, arranged by the Young Fabians Group,
was held at The Hallams, near Guildford. The subject was ' Socialism in
Action ', and the Director was Stephen Hatch. Lectures were given by
Brian Abel-Smith, Ray Gosling, Stuart Hampshire, Alan Lovell and Leo
The 1959 series of four Autumn Lectures, held in the immediate after-
math of the General Election, was entitled ' Socialism in the Sixties '. The
lecturers were Roy Jenkins, M.P., on ' The Future of the Labour Party ',
P. M.S. Biackett on ' The Future of British Defence Policy ', R. M. Titmuss
on "The Irresponsible Society' and R. H. S. Crossman, M.P., on 'Labour
in the Affluent Society '. The series was held in conjunction with the
Central London Fabian Society, and the average attendance was over 250.
Two of the lectures were later published as pamphlets.
Following the abnormal success of the Autumn lectures, an additional
series of four lectures were held in the Spring, entitled ' Forward to 1964 '.
Anthony Wedgwood Benn, M.P., lectured on ' Mass Communications and
Political Power ', Kenneth Younger on ' Britain's Role in a Changing
World ', Sydney Jacobson on ' What's Wrong with the Labour Image? '
and C. A. R. Crosland, M.P., on ' Can Labour Win? '. The average attend-
ance was 125. Two of the lectures were published.
Series of Spring Lectures were also held at Cardiff, Gloucester, Grimsby
and Leeds in conjunction with the Local Societies there. John Diamond,
M.P., Ritchie Calder, Shirley Williams and Reg. Prentice, M.P., spoke at
Cardiff and Gloucester and C. A. R. Crosland, M.P., Arthur Skeffington,
M.P., James MacColl, M.P., and Sidney Silverman, M.P., at Grimsby and
Leeds. The average attendance was 60 at Cardiff and Grimsby, 55 at
Leeds and 35 at Gloucester.
YOUNG FABIANS GROUP
Following informal discussions with a number of younger members
and others, a Young Fabians Group, open to Socialists under the age of
6 FABIAN SOCIETY
thirty, was founded in May. An interim committee was appointed by the
Executive Committee. This Committee, which has appointed its own
officers and has drawn up a constitution for the Group, will serve until
November, 1960, when a new Committee will be elected by the members
and subscribers of the Group. The Group will receive financial and clerical
help from the Society, but will be responsible for its own policy and
activities, subject to conditions approved by the Executive Committee. The
aim of the Group is to give younger Socialists an opportunity to carry
out research, discussion and propaganda upon contemporary problems
which they consider important. The Group was responsible for the 1960
Under Thirties School, has set up study groups on a variety of subjects,
and hopes to be able to publish three pamphlets a year. An exchange visit
to Eastern Europe is planned in 1961.
While sales of books and general literature remained at about the
previous level, demand for Fabian pamphlets, for which the bookshop acts
as the main point of sale and as a postal order department, rose remark-
ably during the year. Bookshop revenue on the Fabian account rose by
70 per cent, to nearly £1,300. The major contribution to this impressive
increase was made by pamphlets in the Socialism in the Sixties series,
notably Audrey Harvey's Casualties of the Welfare State, Richard Titmuss's
Irresponsible Society, and R. H. S. Crossman's Labour in the Affluent
In the general literature section of the Bookshop's trade, paper-backs
continued to increase their share. Such titles as Saturday Night and Sunday
Morning and The Hidden Persuaders, both in paper-back editions, attracted
a good many customers. The Bookshop maintained its policy of stocking
mainly books dealing with politics, economics and social questions, but a
number of customers used it as a means of ordering books of all kinds by
keeping an account. The range of periodicals on sale was very wide,
particularly the publications of various Socialist bodies, including Socialist
Commentary, The New Statesman, Tribune, The New Left Review,
pamphlets of the Union of Democratic Control, etc.
The Bookshop would, of course, welcome more customers, either in
person or by post, and would benefit still more if a greater number of
Fabians used it whenever possible.
Fourteen pamphlets were published, and also a special Tract Where?,
a symposium on Labour's policy after a third consecutive defeat at a
General Election. Over 25,000 copies of these fifteen publications were
sent free to members. Sales of pamphlets during the year amounted to
over 18,000. Although there was only one issue of Fabian Journal in place
of the three of the year before, distribution of Fabian material was well
maintained, a total of 91,781 copies of pamphlets and journals being
distributed, including Fabian News and Venture.
77th annual report '
137 newspapers and journals mentioned Fabian pamphlets during the
year one or more times. Three full page spreads on Fabian pamphlets
appeared in Tribune, and one each in the New Statesman, the Daily Herald
and Labour Woman. Fourteen leaders were about Fabian pamphlets, and
these appeared in The Guardian, The Times, the Daily Telegraph and
several provincial newspapers. Apart from the national newspapers, all
of whom reviewed Fabian pamphlets, there was as usual a great deal of
comment in more specialised journals. Among these were the Church
Times, the Estates Gazette, the Stock Exchange Gazette, the Industrial
Welfare Society's journal, Nature, the Railway Review and the Architects'
Journal. Fabian pamphlets received more publicity than for several years
past, and seem to have reached a new public hitherto not familiar with
Fabian News was published monthly, carrying news of schools, meet-
ings and other events, book reviews, reports of activities and an occasional
article. Only one issue of Fabian Journal appeared during the year, in
July. 1959. It was then decided that Fabian Journal should be temporarily
suspended, and the money saved thereby should be spent on controversial
pamphlets. The last issue contained articles on ' Why I Shall Vote Labour '
by Angus Wilson, ' What Sort of Radical Party? ' by W. T. Rodgers.
' Public Capital and Private Enterprise ' by Douglas Jay, M.P., ' The Trade
Unions and European Free Trade ' by Colin Beever, and a review of
New Fabian Colonial Essays by Colin Leys.
The suspension of the Journal enabled the Society to publish
Where? in November, 1959. Contributors to this enlarged and handsome
Tract were Anthony Wedgwood Benn, Alan Birch, Douglas Jay, Robert
Neild and Ralph Samuel.
During the year the following were published:
209. The Universities: A Royal Commission? Graeme Moodie.
210. A United Nations Police Force? David Ennals.
211. Restraining Urban Growth. J. B. Cullingworth.
212. Tanganyika in Transition. Arthur Skeffington.
213. The Malayan Experiment. John Lowe.
214. The Future of Adult Education. Mabel Tylecote.
215. Central Africa: The Economics of Inequality. Shirley Williams.
318. Commercial Television: What Is To Be Done? Christopher
319. Reform of the Commons. Bernard Crick.
320. Where? Five views on Labour's Future.
321. Casualties of the Welfare State. Audrey Harvey.
322. The Race against the H Bomb. Denis Healey.
323. The Irresponsible Society. Richard Titmuss.
324. Can Labour Win? Anthony Crosland.
325. Labour in the Affluent Society. R. H. S. Crossman.
g FABIAN SOCIETY
Fabian Journal. One issue.
Fabian News. Eleven issues.
Venture. Eleven issues.
16th Annual Report.
HOME RESEARCH DEPARTMENT
Chairman : H. D. Hughes Secretary : Shirley Williams
Six pamphlets were published as a direct result of the Department's
work. The number was slightly smaller than in 1958/59, owing to the
General Election and its aftermath, and the decision to spend rather more
of the Society's resources on Fabian Tracts.
Of the two pamphlets on education, one dealt with the universities,
the first on this subject for twelve years. In The Universities — A Royal
Commission? Graeme Moodie described the growing need for graduates
and the difficulty of expanding the present universities, and outlined the
subjects a Royal Commission should inquire into. Mabel Tylecote, in
the Society's only recent pamphlet in the field, The Future of Adult Educa-
tion, showed how facilities might be expanded to meet the demand for
education from those with little formal schooling, for instance, housewives
and retired people, and the ways in which mass communication might be
more effectively used.
The group of pamphlets on planning policy was rounded off by the
publication of Restraining Urban Growth by J. B. Cullingworth, an
examination of the problem of overspill. At the end of the year, a draft
on housing needs was being prepared.
Commercial Television — What Is To Be Done? by Christopher
Mayhew, showed how the safeguards of the Television Act have been
overcome by the contractors. Means were proposed of raising the
standards of commercial television, and strengthening public service tele-
A pamphlet that attracted a good deal of publicity was Bernard Crick's
Reform of the Commons. After criticising the inefficiency of Parliament,
he recommended much more clerical assistance for M.P.s, research facilities,
priority to be given to the Parliamentary job, and the establishment of
standing specialised committees to maintain closer supervision of public
Audrey Harvey wrote the second pamphlet in the highly successful
' Socialism in the Sixties ' series, Casualties of the Welfare State. This, one
of the Society's best sellers, was very widely reviewed, and Mrs. Harvey
was interviewed on television.
77th annual report "
At the end of the year a draft on apprenticeship was ready for publica-
tion. Other drafts on monopolies and restrictive practices, the after-care
of prisoners, the future of nationalisation, status in industry, transport
policy, Socialism and the Arts, the education of teen-age girls, the City of
London, and the Trade Unions, were in course of preparation.
A small private group met regularly to discuss the nationalised indus
tries, and it was decided to go ahead with work on a book on this subject,
of which Michael Shanks was appointed editor.
Two informal groups were set up to help the Home Research Com-
mittee in finding authors and met from time to time throughout the year.
One dealt with social services, the other with the problems of industry
and the economy. Both groups have submitted proposals for long-term
projects to the Committee.
10 FABIAN SOCIETY
Chairman: Arthur Creech Jones Secretary: Hilda Selwyn-Clarke
The year has been one of rapid constitutional advance in Africa,
culminating in the independence of the British Trust Territory of Somali-
land on June 28th, and its union with Italian Somalia to form the Somali
Republic on June 30th. Dates have been set for the independence of
Nigeria and Sierra Leone and for a plebiscite for the British Cameroons.
In East Africa the year has witnessed important constitutional changes,
reflecting the recognition by the British Government of the irresistible
' wind of change ' engendered by African demands for independence.
Tanganyika will achieve internal self-government in September, while
the Lancaster House Conference on Kenya's future represents a very
important advance. Elsewhere, the trend is the same ; independence for
Cyprus is in view, full internal self-government was agreed for Trinidad
and progress was made elsewhere, including in Basutoland and the Gambia.
The ' wind of change ' and its recognition by the British Government are
warmly welcomed by the Bureau.
Nevertheless, the problems of ' settler ' Africa, particularly Central
Africa and Kenya, continued to occupy much of the Bureau's attention.
In July, 1959, a Bureau Conference on Central Africa was addressed
by Bernard Chidzero, Austen Albu, M.P., and Dingle Foot, M.P., and
its discussions and conclusions were published in a special issue of Venture.
3,000 copies of this Report were circulated by the Labour Party and widely
distributed in Central Africa.
Publications : Shirley Williams' pamphlet Central Africa: the Economics
of Inequality was published in June, 1960, and copies were sent to the
Monckton Commission for their information. The pamphlet evaluated the
benefits which have accrued to the three territories of Central Africa as a
result of their federation, and concluded that ' there is no reason to
believe that Nyasaland would suffer, on balance, if the Federation came
to an end.'
A pamphlet by Arthur Skeffington, M.P., Tanganyika in Transition,
was published in January. It presents the progress of a territory in which
the problems of inter-racial conflict have largely been overcome and where
the main difficulties stem from poverty and the dearth of capital resources.
In March The Malayan Experiment by John Lowe was published
jointly with the International Bureau. The pamphlet deals with the urgent
necessity to build understanding between the Malay and Chinese popula-
tions of the Federation of Malaya and Singapore.
A pamphlet has been written by Terence Ranger on Southern
Rhodesia which we hope will be published in September.
Eleven issues of Venture were published, including a special issue on
Education in the Commonwealth in April. Articles have included:
4 Two years of Malayan Independence ' by John and Christine Dore ;
' Why Congress was Banned ' (Southern Rhodesia) by Joshua Nkomo ;
77th annual report 11
' The All-African Peoples Conference ' by Catherine Hoskyns ;
'Analysis of Empire' by A. Creech Jones, MP. ;
' Nyasaland : an Appeal to Britain ' by Orton Chirwa ;
'New Hope in Kenya' by Hilary Marquand, M.P.
Research : The basic research for the study project on the co-opera-
tive system in the colonies was completed in the autumn and a meeting of
the Working Party governing this was held on 15th October, 1959, to
determine the use to which the material should be put. It was agreed that
the material should be published in two forms: the Co-operative Party
agreed to make itself responsible for one or more popular pamphlets, and
the Committee assigned to Mr. Betts, formerly Assistant Secretary of the
Bureau, the task of preparation of a book on the subject. The manuscript
of this book had reached an advanced stage by the end of the year, and
it is intended to press forward with publication as soon as possible.
A research paper on the land question in Kenya was prepared in
May, 1960, and studied by members of the Bureau Committee in June.
After some modification by a small sub-committee which has been set up.
it is proposed to circulate this shortly to key members in East Africa and
to others who are interested.
Parliamentary work was maintained on widely different subjects and
territories, including elections in Nairobi, the dismissal of Nyasaland civil
servants, the Bahamas, the Cameroons, resettlement schemes in Northern
Rhodesia, Kenya land problem, labour in Bechuanaland, the Economic
Commission to Mauritius, constitutional progress in Bechuanaland, mal-
nutrition in Ndola and the relative costs of technical education in the
colonies and Britain. The Bureau continued also to brief M.P.s on Com-
monwealth and colonial subjects.
Correspondence was maintained with overseas members ; and members
and delegations from the Cameroons, Singapore, Tanganyika, Nyasaland.
South Africa, Kenya, Northern and Southern Rhodesia, Somaliland.
Nigeria, Mauritius, British Guiana, South-West Africa, Antigua and the
West Indian Federation were entertained or received in the office.
It was decided in the course of the year to organise a series of lectures
and discussions for Commonwealth and colonial students on the applica-
tion of socialism in economically under-developed countries. As more and
more British colonies become independent, it is clear that the emphasis
of the Bureau will shift from the problems of freedom from foreign rule
to those of democracy, welfare and stability within independent states.
Students from the colonies have expressed an interest in discussing the
application of socialist ideas to these problems, and the Bureau intends to
initiate a series of such discussions.
The Assistant Secretary, Miss Catherine Hoskyns, left the Bureau in
the last week of June, and our grateful thanks are due to her for 18
months' valuable service.
Miss Margaret Roberts was appointed to succeed her in June.
We are very grateful for the help of voluntary assistants, who are
12 FABIAN SOCIETY
Chairman: Denis Healey Secretary: R. L. Leonard
There was a slight reduction in the level of activities and publications
of the Bureau during the year, mainly due to the incidence of the General
Election. Three pamphlets were published:
A United Nations Police Force? by David Ennals assessed the role
played by the United Nations Emergency Force on the borders of Egypt
and Israel, and strongly urged the establishment of a permanent force.
The Race Against the H-Bomb by Denis Healey argued that the new
technology of warfare had ruled out the hope of national security except
through the international control of armaments and that the most urgent
problem facing mankind was to stop the spread of nuclear weapons. It
asserted that the time would come for Britain to make a decisive contribu-
tion towards persuading others to accept the international control of
atomic weapons capacity by offering to surrender her own nuclear stock-
The Malayan Experiment by John Lowe (published in conjunction with
the Commonwealth Bureau) traced the development of Malaya towards
independence and described the principal problems which it now faces.
It emphasised the importance of achieving racial harmony and of achiev-
ing eventual union with Singapore.
At the end of the year the Bureau was about to publish Britain's Role
in a Changing World by Kenneth Younger, and a pamphlet on the Middle
East was nearly ready to go to press. Other subjects on which work was
well advanced were Japan, Britain and Europe, and America after Eisen-
hower. Pamphlets on China, the Indian Economy, French Africa and the
Freedom of the Press are being prepared, and a pamphlet on Relations
between the Soviet Union and Satellites has been promised. A series of
pamphlets comparing achievements of public ownership in various Euro-
pean countries was also planned, and a number of other studies were
proceeding. As in previous years, the principal obstacle to increasing the
number of publications was the difficulty in finding suitably qualified
A public meeting on Nuclear Disarmament was held in February,
1960. The speakers were Wayland Young, Humphry Berkeley, M.P., Denis
Healey, M.P., and Charles Taylor.
Private members' meetings continued to be held at the House of
Commons. Stephen Thomas spoke on Problems of the Reunion of
Germany, General Humberto Delgado on Portugal Today, Dr. Karlheinz
Abshagen on Anglo-German Relations and Professor Michio Nagai on
Modern Politics in Japan.
A number of overseas visitors were welcomed during the year, and infor-
mation and advice were given to members who consulted the Bureau.
77th annual report 13
Chairman: Arthur Skeffington Secretary: Dorothy Fox
The financial year of Local Societies runs from 1st April to 31st March.
Comparative membership figures (affiliation fees fully paid) for the last
three years are: —
1st April, 1957— 31st March, 1958 ... 2,579 (84 Societies)
1st April, 1958— 31st March, 1959 ... 2,168 (86 Societies)
1st April, 1959— 31st March, 1960 ... 1,926 (77 Societies)
In this period nine Societies ceased to hold meetings: — Dover, Holy-
head, Huyton, Kensington, Maidstone, Tunbridge Wells, Watford (since
re-formed), Wimbledon (merged with Maiden) and Worcester.
Seven Societies were recognised: Epsom (re-formed), Bridgwater,
North Berks., Portsmouth, Preston (re-formed), Watford (re-formed) and
In place of the usual Summer Tea Party, a Wine and Cheese Party
was held at 11, Dartmouth Street.
The conference for Local Society members, which is held every year,
took place in March at Oxford, with Arthur Skeffington as Director, and
Peggy Crane, Edmund Dell and Percy Clark as speakers.
Regional Lectures were held in Grimsby/Leeds and Cardiff/ Gloucester.
The speakers included Ritchie Calder, C. A. R. Crosland, M.P., John
Diamond, M.P., James MacColl, M.P., R. C. Prentice, M.P., Sidney Silver-
man, M.P., Arthur Skeffington, M.P., and Shirley Williams.
At the Local Societies meeting on the morning of the Society's A.G.M.,
Shirley Williams introduced a discussion on future plans, in the light of
the political situation following the General Election and in particular
the consequences for the Labour Party of local problems and the attitude
and behaviour of Labour Groups in local government.
Regional Committees continued to do useful work. The annual
Scottish week-end school was attended by the secretary of the Local
Societies Committee. John Strachey and John Diamond were the speakers,
and George Thomson was the Director.
In other regions an informal organisation has been established in the
East Midlands. In the North-West a number of Local Society members
attended the National Society's week-end school at Alston Hall. The
Secretary of the Local Societies Committee was also present. A Day
School on nuclear disarmament was held in the Northern Region. The
annual meeting of the South-West Region was attended by W. T. Rodgers.
Tn Leeds, a meeting for Local Society members preceded one for National
14 FABIAN SOCIETY
No Local Societies Tea Meeting was held during the Labour Party
Conference, as this was confined to two days.
A questionnaire on the relations between Landlords and Tenants,
prepared by Shirley Williams in consultation with Gabriel Newfield and
Peggy Crane, was sent out to 25 Societies and to a number of individuals.
Several Societies undertook their own local research projects, e.g.
Aberdeen on Electioneering Methods in Municipal Affairs; Norwich pro-
duced a detailed and comprehensive plan fo the re-development of an
area in that city.
We hope to have a study guide on the principle of social responsibility
from Dick Taverne by next autumn, and arrangements are being made for
a Local Government Conference in November. Arrangements are also
being made for a Local Societies meeting at the Labour Party Annual
Conference, at which Anthony Crosland, M.P., and R. H. S. Crossman,
M.P., have agreed to speak.
The Secretary of the Local Societies tries to visit regional gatherings
from time to time, but there is a great deal that could be done if younger
members of the Executive Committee and Local Societies Committee could
give occasional week-ends in which two or three lectures could be arranged
for individual societies — the way that regional series are arranged.
Societies during the past few years have owed a great deal to the
interest shown by W. T. Rodgers.
Most of those associated with Local Society activities believe their
work was never more important. The need for informed discussion within
the Movement, both with members of the Labour Party and other interests,
was never more necessary. The Fabian tradition of attempting solutions
which meet the facts is needed more than ever. Some 200 people outside
London make our Local Societies possible, and we are grateful to them.
As a result of their work, some 800 Fabian meetings were held — a little
less than in 1958 because of the Election. Local Societies ensure know-
ledge and discussion of Fabian publications. Moreover, they are a guaran-
tee that Fabianism is not confined to London.
77th annual report 15
As usual, the Fabian habit of long-standing membership over the
years has taken its toll with the deaths of many of the Society's oldest
friends and supporters.
PERCIVAL CHUBB, one of the original founder-members of 1884,
died in February at St. Louis, Missouri, at the age of 99. As a young local
government clerk he organised the Fellowship of the New Life, out of
which the Fabian Society developed ; he later emigrated to America and
became head of the Ethical Church in New York. LORD AMMON died
in April after more than fifty years' membership. A former Post Office
worker and General Secretary of the Fawcett Association, which was
amalgamated in the Union of Post Office Workers, Charles Ammon was
M.P. for North Camberwell from 1922-31 and 1935-44; Parliamentary
Secretary to the Admiralty in 1924 and 1929-31 ; Chairman of the L.C.C.
1941-42; and Chairman of the National Dock Labour Corporation 1944-50.
A conscientious objector of the first world war, GUY KEELING joined
the Society in 1923 and was one-time editor of The Spur; he was a member
of the early Labour Research Department.
Mrs. C. D. CORBETT-FISHER came of a well-known Liberal family
but went over to Labour and helped to found the early local parties in
Sussex; she also served as a magistrate. LILIAN ROBERTSON
was daughter of the Duke of Grafton but never used her title; she was
wife of the life-long Fabian and Chairman of the L.C.C, Charles Robert-
son, and was well known for her social work. Mrs. H. L. RADLEY, one
of the earliest surviving members, joined the Society in 1902; she attended
the first summer school in 1907, and was present at the 75th anniversary
reception in February, 1959. Also a veteran of the early summer schools
was Mrs. J. D. LYNCH. Another very old member was A. E. LAUDER,
a former local government officer, member of the Executive Committee,
and author of several Fabian tracts.
Parliamentary losses were sustained with the deaths of JOHN
EDWARDS, M.P. for Brighouse and Spenborough, and a former Parlia-
mentary Secretary to the Ministry of Health and Board of Trade ; and
R. W. G. MACKAY, a keen world Federalist, who had been M.P. for
Hull and Reading. Mrs. E. H. ADAMS was widow of the Fabian and
M.P. for East Newcastle, David Adams. F. J. SAYER, a Liverpool baker,
had been an active Merseyside Fabian for many years. Dr. L. F.
BROWNE was one of the founders of the Tavistock Institute of Human
Relations, a former Chairman of the L.C.C. Special Schools Committee
and an alderman of St. Pancras Borough Council. The Commonwealth
Bureau has lost the valued support of G. A. CHESHIRE, R. O. MENNELL
and H. A. W. MORRICE, who was irrigation adviser to the Sudan Govern-
We have also to record with regret the loss of: P. H. ARCHER, P. G.
ECKFORD, S T. FARNES, Dr. CECIL GORDON, S. GRANTHAM,
Dr. A. MORLEY DAVIES, A. L. MURRAY, E. SCALA and G.
16 FABIAN SOCIETY
HONORARY TREASURERS REPORT
We did not incur the anticipated large deficit in the year to June. 1960,
for the best possible reason — several of the pamphlets we published were
of such high quality that they sold remarkably well. As a result, the profit
from the Bookshop rose by £600 as compared with the previous year, which
was itself a good year. The final deficit of £82 can be regarded as a
But we really cannot hope to repeat these exceptional Bookshop sales ;
and the best estimate I can make for the current year is that, without
increasing our activities or our expenditure, the Society's deficit will be
more than £500.
Now this is not a manageable figure. Even after taking into account
the results of the Special Appeal, we still have a substantial overdraft and
are, therefore, quite unable to contemplate deficits of that order. It is
inevitable that we should look to subscriptions to provide additional income,
and having regard to the unanimity with which the members present at the
Annual General Meeting pressed this view on me last year, I have little
doubt that the principle of increasing subscription rates will be approved
at the forthcoming Annual General Meeting. The details which have been
fully described in Fabian News may well stimulate a very interesting dis-
It is to be hoped, too, that those who are kind enough to support us
with their donations may equally be prepared to consider increasing the
amount of their help, even though they have been most generous to us over
many years. I should like, particularly, to thank those who helped us
during the past year, including the Passfield Trust, the Noel Buxton Trust
and the following trade unions: Transport and General Workers, General
and Municipal, National Union of Mineworkers (through its areas).
Union of Shop Distributive and Allied Workers. Amalgamated Engineer-
ing Union. Union of Post Office Workers, National Union of Public
Employees. Transport Salaried Staffs Association, National Union of Print-
ing, Bookbinding and Paper Workers, National Federation of Building
Trades Operatives, Confederation of Health Service Employees, Amalga-
mated Weavers Association, Sheet Metal Workers, Boot and Shoe Opera-
tives, Musicians Union, Agricultural Workers and United Society of
Boilermakers, Shipbuilders and Structural Workers. In addition help from
the Labour Party and Trade Union Congress was renewed.
The net cost of our various activities during 1959-60 was. in round
figures. £10,000, and the following table shows the usual breakdown: —
77th annual report
Commonwealth Bureau .
Home Research ...
Once again, I delight in recording my appreciation of the energy and
loyalty of the Society's staff. I must pay a special tribute to Bill Rodgers
with whom I worked in close and harmonious association for so many
years. Most of us will be aware of his many qualities as a speaker, a
writer and an organiser of research work. What was borne in on me
was, in addition, his great ability as an administrator.
I am very grateful to Mr. J. Ian Robertson of Messrs. Pegg, Robertson
and Co., for continuing to act as the Society's Honorary Auditor, and I
should like to add a special word of thanks to all those who have subscribed
to our Special Appeal.
BALANCE SHEET AS
£ s. d.
Sundry Funds —
Edwards Bequest Fund ...
. . . 1000
Women's Group Fund ...
L.S.C. Development Fund
1132 16 1
3242 14 3
2815 16 10
£7191 7 2
We have examined the Accounts of the Fabian Society for the year ended 30th. June,
we have required. We certify that the Balance Sheet above set forth is properly drawn up so
of our information and explanations given to us and as shown by the Society's books.
2%th September, 1960.
12, Coleman Street,
REVENUE ACCOUNT FOR THE
Administration Expenses —
Salaries and Allowances
Travel and Entertainment
General Office Expenses
Research Grants and Subscriptions Payable
Rates, Lighting. Heating, Income Tax
Maintenance and Cleaning
1481 Publications: Free Issues
Other Expenses —
189 Interest on Overdraft
111 Affiliation Fees ...
6906 14 10
110 16 4
607 11 7
50 14 11
530 8 1
195 11 5
941 17 1
464 10 5
359 11 9
9728 2 3
824 2 2
1505 17 3
294 17 11
£12352 19 7
77TH ANNUAL REPORT
AT 30th JUNE, 1960
Fixed Assets —
Bernard Shaw Gift Fund Freehold Property (not valued)
Current Assets —
Accumulated Deficit —
Balance at 1st July, 1959
Add Deficiency for the Year
Less Special Appeal
£ s. d.
413 18 4
4648 16 9
2128 12 1
£7191 7 2
1960, with the books and vouchers. We have obtained all the information and explanations
as to exhibit a true and correct view of the state of the Society's affairs according to the best
PEGG, ROBERTSON & CO.,
YEAR ENDING 30th JUNE, 1960
General and Special
Dartmouth Street Trust
Local Societies Committee
Other Income —
2559 14 6
5 9 10
198 9 10
1354 14 7
262 14 6
£ s. d.
4479 11 11
.5565 4 4
296 Balance, being Deficiency for the Year
2226 8 11
81 14 5
£12352 19 7
20 FABIAN SOCIETY
MEMBERS OF MAIN COMMITTEES
(as at 30th June, 1960)
Finance and General Purposes Committee
J. Diamond, M.P. (Chairman), Dr. Brian Abel-Smith, Mrs. Margaret
Cole, Lord Faringdon, Denis Healey. M.P., H. D. Hughes, John Parker, M.P.,
Arthur Skeffington, M.P., Mrs. Mary Stewart, Mrs. Eirene White, M.P.
Home Research Committee
H. D. Hughes (Chairman), Dr. Brian Abel-Smith, Austen Albu, M.P..
Dr. T. Balogh, Denis Bell, Margaret Cole, C. A. R. Crosland, M.P., John
Diamond, M.P., David Donnison. Richard Evely. Lord Faringdon, John
Hughes, Anne Jackson, Peggy Jay, Roy Jenkins, M.P., James MacColl, M.P.,
D L Munby, Lionel Murray, Robert Neild, John Parker, M.P., R. D. V. Roberts,
W. T. Rodgers, J. R. Sargent, Michael Shanks, Peter Shore, Mary Stewart,
Peter Townsend, John Vaizey.
Commonwealth Bureau Committee
Chafes Archibald, Dr. T. Balogh. T. F. Betts, David Blelloch, Roland
Brown, Rt. Hon. John Dugdale, M.P., Professor Lionel Elvin, Lord Faringdon.
Michael Fores, Arthur Gaitskell, John Hatch, Dr. Rita Hinden, Carol Johnson,
M P., James Johnson, Rt. Hon. A. Creech Jones, M.P.. Colin Leys, Rt. Hon.
Earl of Listowel, Rt. Hon. Hilary Marquand. MAP., Miss Marjorie Nicholson.
Derrick Sington. R. W. Sorensen, M.P., George Thomson, MP.. Mrs. Eirene
International Bureau Committee
A. Wedgwood Benn, M.P., David Ennals, Denis Healey, MP., Colin Jack-
son, Roy Jenkins. M.P., Richard Lowenthal, T. E. M. McKitterick, Derrick
Sington. Hugh Thomas, George Thomson, M.P., Eric Wolff, Kenneth Younger,
Local Societies Committee
Arthur Skeffington. M.P. (Chairman), Arthur Blenkinsop, H. J. Boyden.
M.P., Margaret Cole, Peggy Crane, Colin Jackson. Sybil Jeger, James Johnson,
James MacColl, M.P., Margaret McKav, Tom McKitterick, Malco'm Macpher-
son, J. P. M. Millar, Gabriel Newfield, R. C. Prentice. M.P., J. W. Raisin. W. T.
Rodgers, Mary Stewart, Dick Taverne, John Taylor. George Thomson. M.P.,
and regional and area representatives.
Dr. Brian Abel-Smith. Penelope Balchin, Gordon Borrie, Hilary Chantler,
Michael Fores, Stuart Green, Stephen Hatch, Mrs. Sybil Jeger, Roy Jenkins.
M.P., Gerald Kaufman, Lisl Klein, Alison Lough, Duncan Smith, Philip
The Hono-ary Officers of the Society serve as ex-officio members of all
77th annual report 21
HONORARY SECRETARIES OF REGIONAL AND AREA COMMITTEES
OF LOCAL FABIAN SOCIETIES
(as at 30th September, 1960)
Scotland: K. J. N. Wight, 38, Roseangle, Dundee.
Northern: Mrs. M. McMillan, The Haven, 37, Sycamore Road, Middlesbrough,
Yorkshire : Mrs. W. B. Walker, 6, Heath Villas, Halifax, Yorks.
West Midlands : C. W. Campling, Burbach, Wolvey Lane, Ryton, Bulkington,
Nr. Nuneaton, Warwicks.
East Midlands: Mrs. B. N. Baxter, 34, Caledon Road, Sherwood, Nottingham.
South Wales: Miss Gwyneth Morgan, J. P., 27, Morlais Street, Roath Park,
South-West: Mrs. B. Sacof, 24, Ormerod Road, Bristol 9.
Surrey : Mrs. B. Vernon, 88, Benhill Wood Road, Sutton, Surrey.
Essex : Miss Eve Saville, 35, Markham Street, London, S.W.3.
Kent: K. W. May, 214, High Street, Tonbridge, Kent.
London : Andrew Campbell, 56, Belsize Park, London, N.W.3.
HONORARY SECRETARDES OF LOCAL FABIAN SOCIETIES
(as at 30th September, 1960)
Aberdeen: Mr. Andrew Robertson, 54, Devonshire Road, Aberdeen.
Bangor : Mr. Silvan Jones, Hafdre, Penrhos, Bangor, North Wales.
Barking: Mr. Hugh Copsey, 16, Kilmartin Road, Goodmayes, Ilford, Essex.
Barnsley: Mr. G. E. Green, 53, Intake Lane, Barnsley, Yorks.
Barry: Mrs. J. M. Watts, 35, Glamorgan Street, Barry.
Bath: Mrs. M. Hornblower, 29, Forester Avenue, Bath.
Bexley: Mr. Alan L. Fisher, 114, Riefield Road, Eltham, S.E.9.
Birmingham: Mrs. M. Jenkinson, 31, Ashfield Avenue, Kings Heath, Birming-
Bishops Stortford: Mrs. J. M. Ditchfield, 27, Ward Crescent, Bishops Stort-
Bolton : Mr. E. Stebbing. 5. Ducie Avenue, Bolton, Lanes.
Bournemouth: Mr. Cyril Speller, 687, Wimborne Road, Winton, Bournemouth.
Braintree: Mr. Peter Baldock, 91, Church Lane, Bocking, Braintree, Essex.
Bridgwater: Mr. R. V. Cook, 1. Northfield, Bridgwater, Somerset.
Brighton: Mr. R. Newsam, 37, Tongdean Lane, Brighton, Sussex.
Bristol : Mrs. Jeannette Britton, 17, Westbury Park, Durdham Down, Bristol 6.
Bromley: Dr. V. Udall, 16, Warren Avenue, Bromlev, Kent.
Calder: Mrs. W. B. Walker, 6, Heath Villas, Halifax, Yorks.
Cardiff: Miss Margaret Morris, 102, Cathedral Road. Cardiff.
Carlisle : Mr. John Walker, 37, Sunnymeade, Upperby, Carlisle.
Central London: Mr. Ben Nathan, 18. Hartington Court, Hartinaton Road, W.4.
Cheltenham : Miss E. V. Engvall, 9, Montpellier Parade, Cheltenham, Glos.
Chesterfield: Mr. D. Webster, Labour Party Offices, Broad Pavement, Chester-
Coventry: Mr. P. R. Jones, 26, Rosslyn Avenue, Coventry.
Croydon: Miss P. Bloomfield, 3, Theobald Road, West Croydon, Surrey.
Darlington: Mr. E. Shuttleworth, 26. Marwood Crescent, Darlington, Co.
22 FABIAN SOCIETY
Derby: Mrs. B. Guthrie, 144, Manor Road, Derby.
Dundee: Mr. K. R. Hutchings, 15, Elgin Street, Dundee.
Durham: Mr. J. Colin Hall, 1, Neville's Cross Villas, Durham City.
Eastbourne: Mr. Keith Chapman, 91, Pevensey Road, Eastbourne, Sussex.
East London: Mr. John Reardon, 7, Charles Booth House, E.l.
Edinburgh: Mr. Tarn Dalyell, The Binns, Linlithgow, East Lothian.
Epsom: Mrs. M. Paskell, 107, Hookfield, Epsom, Surrey.
Fife: Mr. W. L. Taylor, 11, Kennedy Crescent, Kirkcaldy, Fife.
Frome: Mr. H. D. Smart, ' Karenza,' Beechwood Avenue, Frome, Somerset.
Forest Hill: Mrs. Norah Wilson, 46, Burge Street, S.E.I.
Glasgow: Mr. W. S. Gray, 13. Royal Terrace, Glasgow, C.3.
Gloucester: Mr. F. B. Wilton, J. P., 4, Tuffley Lane, Gloucester.
Grimsby: Mr. J. Franklin, 10, Marklew Avenue, Grimsby.
Harlow : Mr. Peter Murrell, 27, Broadfield, Harlow, Essex.
Hartlepools : Mr. W. Morgan, 131, Westbrooke Avenue, West Hartlepool.
Hastings: Dr. E. W. Skyrme, 12, Wellington Place, Hastings, Sussex.
Hayes: Mr. Leo Simpson, 104, Bath Road, Harlington, Middlesex.
Huddersfield : Mr. Alan Taylor, 1, Chatsworth Close, Almondbury, Hudders-
Isle of Man: Mrs. M. Faragher, Gorse Crag, Port Erin, Isle of Man.
Kilmarnock: Dr. John Shanks, 34. Portland Road, Kilmarnock.
Leeds : Miss Marjorie Brett, la, Allerton Park, Leeds, 7.
Letchworth: Mrs. E. Purdie, 23. Barton Green, Hitehin. Herts.
Lincoln: Mr. G. W. Wood, 28, Drake Street, Lincoln.
Liverpool: Mr. G. B. McKenna, 51, St. George's Avenue, Higher Tranmere,
Malden: Dr. W. McCartney. 89, Arundel Road, Kingston-on-Thames. Surrey.
Manchester : Mr. C. Hughes-Stanton, 2a, Egerton Road, Fallowfield. Man-
Meopham : Mrs. Joan Wood, Oast Hatch, Harvel, Nr. Gravesend, Kent.
North Berks: Miss Ann Jeffrey, Ickneild Way House, A.E.R.E.. Harwell,
Nr. Didcot, Berks.
North London: Mrs. A. Spector. 49, Chardmore Road, N.16.
Norwich : Mr. E. Hartley, 17, Stanley Avenue, Norwich.
Norwood: Mrs. J. Edwards, 98, Palace Road, Tulse Hill, S.W.2.
Nottingham : Mrs. Beth Tate, 26, Parkside, Beeston, Nottingham.
Oldham : Mr. M. J. McCarthy, 46, North Gate, Garden Suburb. Oldham, Lanes.
Oxford: Mr. K. Holly, Cader, Abingdon Road. Dorchester-on-Thames, Oxon.
Peterlee: Mr. George Piekersgill, 20, Yoden Road, Peterlee, Co. Durham.
Pontvpool : Mrs. Lilian Evans, 9, Stratford Road, Grifhthstown, Pontypool,
Portsmouth: Mr. J. R. Green, 62, Warren Avenue. Milton, Southsea. Hants.
Preston: Mrs. Pat Healy, 84, Coniston Road, Fulwood, Preston.
Redhill: Mr. Sidney Smith, 67. Colman Way. Redhill. Surrey.
Sheffield: Miss Iw Evison, 220. Carterknowle Road, Sheffield, 7.
Slough: Mr. F. C. Evenett, 229f, High Street, Slough, Bucks.
Southampton: Mr. W. A. Stearn, 35a, Avenue Road, Southamnton.
South Dorspt: Mr. J. A. Aucutt, 6, Howard Close, Weymouth, Dorset.
Stafford: Mr. Peter Shenton, 19. Trinity Gorse, Trinity Fields. Stafford.
Stevenage: Mrs. Ruth Langford, 9, Benstede, Stevenage. Herts.
Stockport: Mr. Ham/ Lees, 32, Ashley Road, Offerton, Stockport.
Streatham: Mr. C. J. Blau, 30, Thornton Avenue. Streatham Hill, S.W.2.
Sunderland: Mr. G. W. Gardiner, 41, Westcliffe Road. Seaburn. Sunderland.
Sutton: Mrs. Betty Vernon, 88, Benhill Wood Road, Sutton, Surrey.
Swansea : Mrs. Margaret Jones, The Labour Hall, High Street, Swansea.
Tees-S'de: Mrs. Mabel McMillan, The Haven, 37. Sycamore Road, Linthorpe.
Thanet: Mr. R. Sankey, 6, First Avenue. Cliftonville. Kent.
Tynfs'de: Mr. Colin Gray, 8, Gretton Place, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 7.
77th annual report 23
University of London: Mr. J. Hirsch, 17, Brattle Wood, Sevenoaks, Kent.
Walthamstow : Miss Doreen Wyld, 24 (L), Bisterne Avenue, E.17.
Watford: Mrs. C. Dore, 7, Eastbury Road, Oxhey, Herts.
West Middlesex: Mr. F. Harcourt-Munning, 9, Madeley Road, Ealing, W.5.
Wigan: Mr. C. Brown, Granary House, 17, Springpool, Winstanley, Nr. Wigan.
Woking: Mr. Leif Mills, 36, Frere Avenue, Lea Farm, Fleet, Hants.
Wolverhampton: Mrs. O. Tragen, 105, Yew Tree Lane, The Wergs, Nr.
Wrexham : Mrs. K. Davies, Delfryn, Stryt Las, Rhos, Nr. Wrexham.
York : Mr. Raymond Fairey, 5, Jewbury, York.
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