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ANNUAL 




FABIAN SOCIETY 

77th Annual Report 

1st JULY 1959 TO 30th JUNE I960 



INTRODUCTION 

DESPITE the disappointing result of the General Election, the Society 
had a relatively successful year. Membership increased, reversing last 
year's trend, and sales of pamphlets were higher than they have been 
tor many years past. 

The role of the Fabian Society in the aftermath of the third consecu- 
tive defeat of the Labour Party at a General Election is clearly different 
from its function when a Labour Government may be imminent. The 
pamphlets published after the General Election, in the year covered by this 
Report, have reflected that change of role. The new series ' Socialism in 
the Sixties ' has dealt with the long-term future of the Labour Party, the 
changing pattern of national and international society that it will encounter, 
and the analysis of what is objectionable in contemporary society. The 
series, which has included such Fabian best-sellers as Casualties of the 
Welfare State, The Irresponsible Society, and Labour in the Affluent 
Society, has attracted a great deal of publicity, including discussions on the 
radio and television, a full centre-page article in The Observer, and many 
leading articles in national newspapers. 

Side by side with this, the Society has continued to produce research 
pamphlets, outlining practical problems and proposing practical solutions. 
The advocacy of particular reforms, with the aim of influencing the 
Government, has long been a function of the Society, and is not less 
essential in these Opposition years. 

A Young Fabian Group was established during the year to run func- 
tions for younger members, and to produce three pamphlets of its own 
each year. A discussion group on public ownership was also started, with 
good support from Fabians, and one or two other groups were planned. 
To match this new activity with the necessary funds, a £5.000 appeal 
was launched, to which members responded generously. By the end of the 
year, the halfway mark had been reached. Increases in costs have made 
the problem of balancing the Society's income with its expenditure a con- 
tinuing problem, and the maintenance and further extension of activities 
will depend upon a substantial and permanent improvement in the Society's 
income. 

In carrying on the work it has undertaken, work which is essential if 
the philosophy and standpoint of social democracy are to be upheld, the 
Society owes a great deal to those who write for it, speak for it and work 
for it without any reward other than the knowledge that, without them. 
it could not continue. 



FABIAN SOCIETY 



MEMBERSHIP 

Despite the decline in support for the Labour Party which was 
manifested at the General Election, individual membership of the Society 
improved. The increase was registered in the more expensive 50s. and 60s. 
categories ; membership at lower rates continued to decline. There was 
also a welcome improvement in the number of Labour Parties, Co-operative 
Societies and Trade Unions subscribing. 

The proportion of young people joining was well maintained, and a 
number of new members expressed interest in belonging to the Young 
Fabians Group. 

Membership of local societies showed a further decline. Several 
societies ceased activities during the Election and did not start again. How- 
ever, reorganisation and re-formation has led to a number of new societies 
being established. 



Membership Figures at 30th June 

1959 



1960 Change 



NATIONAL INDIVIDUAL MEMBERS 

Full Members ... 
Associates 



New Members 
Resignations, etc. 



SUBSCRIBING BODIES 



Labour Parties, Co-ops., Trade Unions 
Libraries, etc 





2530 
102 


2586 
91 


+ 56 
-11 

+ 45 


20s. 
105 
108 


30s. 50s. 
30 33 

75 23 


60s. 
159 

85 


Total 
336 
291 


-3 


-36 +10 


+ 74 


+ 45 


Unions 


1959 

152 

88 


7960 

173 

79 


Change 

+ 21 

-9 



BUREAUX MEMBERS 

Commonwealth Bureau 
International Bureau 



254 
53 



220 
56 



-34 

+ 3 



77th annual report 5 

GENERAL 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

Members Elected: John Diamond (Honorary Treasurer, unopposed) 
and (in order of ballot) A. Wedgwood Benn, Brian Abel-Smith, Roy 
Jenkins, Ritchie Calder, Eirene White, Peter Townsend, C. A. R. Crosland, 
Margaret Cole, Arthur Skeffington, H. D. Hughes, John Parker, Denis 
Healey, Austen Albu, Mary Stewart, Shirley Williams, Peggy Jay, Lord 
Faringdon. 

Members Co-opted: R. H. S. Crossman, Robert Neild, Reginald 
Prentice, Michael Shanks, Peter Shore, George Thomson. Stephen Hatch, 
Chairman of the Young Fabians Group, was co-opted in April to fill 
the place vacated by the resignation of Shirley Williams. 

COMMITTEES 

Members of the Committees appointed by the Executive Committee 
are listed in Appendix 'A'. 

DELEGATES 

Labour Party Conference: W. T. Rodgers. 

London Labour Party Conference: Arthur Skeffington, M.P. 

London Labour Party Executive Committee: Arthur Skeffington, M.P. 

OFFICERS 

H. D. Hughes was elected Chairman of the Executive Committee, Lord 
Faringdon Vice-Chairman, and John Parker Honorary Secretary. John 
Diamond, M.P., had already been returned as Honorary Treasurer in the 
Annual Ballot. 

STAFF 

There were eleven full-time and three part-time members of the staff. 
In April, W. T. RODGERS resigned as General Secretary after nearly eight 
years with the Society, both in that capacity and previously as Assistant 
Secretary. His vigour and enthusiasm did much to maintain the Society's 
work and influence through a difficult period. SHIRLEY WILLIAMS, his 
successor, is already well known to members through her writings and as 
a member of the Executive. R. L. LEONARD, the Assistant Secretary, 
is also leaving the Society's employment after five years' excellent service. 

CATHERINE HOSKYNS left after a year as Assistant Secretary of 
the Commonwealth Bureau, and was succeeded by MARGARET 
ROBERTS. 

ROSEMARY SPIRA and THEA VIGNE also left the Society during 
the year; they were replaced by BEATRICE FEDER and LEONORA 
KAYE. 

The Executive Committee wishes to thank these and other members 
of the Staff for their devoted service to the Society. 



4 FABIAN SOCIETY 

VOLUNTARY ASSISTANCE 

The Executive Committee would like to thank those members who 
gave valuable and much-appreciated voluntary help during the year, in 
particular Mr. Holman for regular assistance in the general office, and 
Renee Ayer, Muriel Pease, Mary Winchester, Mr. Bradbury and Mrs. 
Scholefield Allen for their work for the Commonwealth Bureau. The 
Local Societies Committee would like to thank Gabriel Newfield and 
H. J. Boyden, M.P., for their help. 

ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING 

The Annual General Meeting was held at the London University 
Institute of Education on Saturday, 5th December, 1959. The Annual 
Report and the Statement of Accounts were accepted. A vote of thanks 
to Messrs. Pegg, Robertson and Co. for their services as Honorary Auditors 
was carried unanimously, and they were asked to serve for 1959-1960. 

An amendment to Rule 2 of the Society's Rules was proposed by 
Anthony Wedgwood Benn and carried by the necessary majority of three- 
quarters of those present and voting. The amendment was an addition to 
the first paragraph of Rule 2, as follows: 

' It also aims at the implementation of the Charter of the United 

Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It seeks 

the creation of effective international institutions to uphold and enforce 

world peace '. 

REGIONAL MEETINGS 

A Regional Members' meeting to discuss the work of the Society and 
to hear members' comments and suggestions, was held in Leeds in 
November. The Chairman and the General Secretary attended. 

SUMMER SCHOOLS, 1959 

Two weeks of Summer Schools were held, as well as a fortnight's 
school in Germany. The first, at Wiston House, Steyning, was entitled 
'Democracy in Danger'. Lecturers were R. H. S. Crossman. M.P., 
Desmond Donnelly, M.P., J. Halcro Ferguson, Leon Ma Guerrero, Paul 
Ignotus, Colin Jackson, Dorothy Pickles, Peter Wiles and David Williams. 
James Johnson was Director and Alison Lough was Secretary. 

The second week at Collington Rise, Bexhill, was a family school, 
a successful new departure. The subject was ' The Changing Face of 
Britain '. Lecturers were E. R. Braithwaite, C. A. R. Crosland, David 
Davies, Oleg Kerensky, W. T. Rodgers, Gordon Rose, Raymond Williams, 
Sir W. E. Williams and Peter Willmott. George Thomson, M.P., was 
Director and Grace Thomson was Secretary. There were 101 full-time 
students, of whom 22 were children, and 18 part-time. 

The German Summer School was held at Bergneustadt, near Cologne. 
The programme of lectures and visits was arranged by the Friedrich-Ebert 
Institute. The Director was John Parker. M.P., and Zena Parker was 
Secretary. There were 25 students. 



77th annual report 5 

WEEK-END SCHOOLS 

Four week-end schools were held with a total attendance of 250. The 
New Year School at Beatrice Webb House, Dorking, was entitled ' Equality 
through Social Policy '. The Director was Peter Townsend and the 
lecturers were Brian Abel-Smith, Karel Reisz, John Vaizey and Barbara 
Wootton. 

The Spring School on ' The Future of Socialism ' was held at Alston 
Hall, near Preston. H. D. Hughes directed and the lecturers were Anthony 
Wedgwood Benn, Prof. W. J. M. Mackenzie and H. A. Turner. 

The Easter School, held at Beatrice Webb House, was entitled 
' Socialism and Industry '. Reg Prentice, M.P., directed and lectures were 
given by Lisl Klein, Robert Neild, Michael Shanks and Peter Shore. 

The Under Thirties School, arranged by the Young Fabians Group, 
was held at The Hallams, near Guildford. The subject was ' Socialism in 
Action ', and the Director was Stephen Hatch. Lectures were given by 
Brian Abel-Smith, Ray Gosling, Stuart Hampshire, Alan Lovell and Leo 
de Syllas. 

AUTUMN LECTURES 

The 1959 series of four Autumn Lectures, held in the immediate after- 
math of the General Election, was entitled ' Socialism in the Sixties '. The 
lecturers were Roy Jenkins, M.P., on ' The Future of the Labour Party ', 
P. M.S. Biackett on ' The Future of British Defence Policy ', R. M. Titmuss 
on "The Irresponsible Society' and R. H. S. Crossman, M.P., on 'Labour 
in the Affluent Society '. The series was held in conjunction with the 
Central London Fabian Society, and the average attendance was over 250. 
Two of the lectures were later published as pamphlets. 

SPRING LECTURES 

Following the abnormal success of the Autumn lectures, an additional 
series of four lectures were held in the Spring, entitled ' Forward to 1964 '. 
Anthony Wedgwood Benn, M.P., lectured on ' Mass Communications and 
Political Power ', Kenneth Younger on ' Britain's Role in a Changing 
World ', Sydney Jacobson on ' What's Wrong with the Labour Image? ' 
and C. A. R. Crosland, M.P., on ' Can Labour Win? '. The average attend- 
ance was 125. Two of the lectures were published. 

Series of Spring Lectures were also held at Cardiff, Gloucester, Grimsby 
and Leeds in conjunction with the Local Societies there. John Diamond, 
M.P., Ritchie Calder, Shirley Williams and Reg. Prentice, M.P., spoke at 
Cardiff and Gloucester and C. A. R. Crosland, M.P., Arthur Skeffington, 
M.P., James MacColl, M.P., and Sidney Silverman, M.P., at Grimsby and 
Leeds. The average attendance was 60 at Cardiff and Grimsby, 55 at 
Leeds and 35 at Gloucester. 

YOUNG FABIANS GROUP 

Following informal discussions with a number of younger members 
and others, a Young Fabians Group, open to Socialists under the age of 



6 FABIAN SOCIETY 

thirty, was founded in May. An interim committee was appointed by the 
Executive Committee. This Committee, which has appointed its own 
officers and has drawn up a constitution for the Group, will serve until 
November, 1960, when a new Committee will be elected by the members 
and subscribers of the Group. The Group will receive financial and clerical 
help from the Society, but will be responsible for its own policy and 
activities, subject to conditions approved by the Executive Committee. The 
aim of the Group is to give younger Socialists an opportunity to carry 
out research, discussion and propaganda upon contemporary problems 
which they consider important. The Group was responsible for the 1960 
Under Thirties School, has set up study groups on a variety of subjects, 
and hopes to be able to publish three pamphlets a year. An exchange visit 
to Eastern Europe is planned in 1961. 

BOOKSHOP 

While sales of books and general literature remained at about the 
previous level, demand for Fabian pamphlets, for which the bookshop acts 
as the main point of sale and as a postal order department, rose remark- 
ably during the year. Bookshop revenue on the Fabian account rose by 
70 per cent, to nearly £1,300. The major contribution to this impressive 
increase was made by pamphlets in the Socialism in the Sixties series, 
notably Audrey Harvey's Casualties of the Welfare State, Richard Titmuss's 
Irresponsible Society, and R. H. S. Crossman's Labour in the Affluent 
Society. 

In the general literature section of the Bookshop's trade, paper-backs 
continued to increase their share. Such titles as Saturday Night and Sunday 
Morning and The Hidden Persuaders, both in paper-back editions, attracted 
a good many customers. The Bookshop maintained its policy of stocking 
mainly books dealing with politics, economics and social questions, but a 
number of customers used it as a means of ordering books of all kinds by 
keeping an account. The range of periodicals on sale was very wide, 
particularly the publications of various Socialist bodies, including Socialist 
Commentary, The New Statesman, Tribune, The New Left Review, 
pamphlets of the Union of Democratic Control, etc. 

The Bookshop would, of course, welcome more customers, either in 
person or by post, and would benefit still more if a greater number of 
Fabians used it whenever possible. 

PUBLICATIONS 

Fourteen pamphlets were published, and also a special Tract Where?, 
a symposium on Labour's policy after a third consecutive defeat at a 
General Election. Over 25,000 copies of these fifteen publications were 
sent free to members. Sales of pamphlets during the year amounted to 
over 18,000. Although there was only one issue of Fabian Journal in place 
of the three of the year before, distribution of Fabian material was well 
maintained, a total of 91,781 copies of pamphlets and journals being 
distributed, including Fabian News and Venture. 



77th annual report ' 

137 newspapers and journals mentioned Fabian pamphlets during the 
year one or more times. Three full page spreads on Fabian pamphlets 
appeared in Tribune, and one each in the New Statesman, the Daily Herald 
and Labour Woman. Fourteen leaders were about Fabian pamphlets, and 
these appeared in The Guardian, The Times, the Daily Telegraph and 
several provincial newspapers. Apart from the national newspapers, all 
of whom reviewed Fabian pamphlets, there was as usual a great deal of 
comment in more specialised journals. Among these were the Church 
Times, the Estates Gazette, the Stock Exchange Gazette, the Industrial 
Welfare Society's journal, Nature, the Railway Review and the Architects' 
Journal. Fabian pamphlets received more publicity than for several years 
past, and seem to have reached a new public hitherto not familiar with 
them. 

Fabian News was published monthly, carrying news of schools, meet- 
ings and other events, book reviews, reports of activities and an occasional 
article. Only one issue of Fabian Journal appeared during the year, in 
July. 1959. It was then decided that Fabian Journal should be temporarily 
suspended, and the money saved thereby should be spent on controversial 
pamphlets. The last issue contained articles on ' Why I Shall Vote Labour ' 
by Angus Wilson, ' What Sort of Radical Party? ' by W. T. Rodgers. 
' Public Capital and Private Enterprise ' by Douglas Jay, M.P., ' The Trade 
Unions and European Free Trade ' by Colin Beever, and a review of 
New Fabian Colonial Essays by Colin Leys. 

The suspension of the Journal enabled the Society to publish 
Where? in November, 1959. Contributors to this enlarged and handsome 
Tract were Anthony Wedgwood Benn, Alan Birch, Douglas Jay, Robert 
Neild and Ralph Samuel. 

During the year the following were published: 

Research Series 

209. The Universities: A Royal Commission? Graeme Moodie. 

210. A United Nations Police Force? David Ennals. 

211. Restraining Urban Growth. J. B. Cullingworth. 

212. Tanganyika in Transition. Arthur Skeffington. 

213. The Malayan Experiment. John Lowe. 

214. The Future of Adult Education. Mabel Tylecote. 

215. Central Africa: The Economics of Inequality. Shirley Williams. 

Tracts 

318. Commercial Television: What Is To Be Done? Christopher 

Mayhew. 

319. Reform of the Commons. Bernard Crick. 

320. Where? Five views on Labour's Future. 

321. Casualties of the Welfare State. Audrey Harvey. 

322. The Race against the H Bomb. Denis Healey. 

323. The Irresponsible Society. Richard Titmuss. 

324. Can Labour Win? Anthony Crosland. 

325. Labour in the Affluent Society. R. H. S. Crossman. 



g FABIAN SOCIETY 

Others 

Fabian Journal. One issue. 
Fabian News. Eleven issues. 
Venture. Eleven issues. 
16th Annual Report. 



HOME RESEARCH DEPARTMENT 

Chairman : H. D. Hughes Secretary : Shirley Williams 

Six pamphlets were published as a direct result of the Department's 
work. The number was slightly smaller than in 1958/59, owing to the 
General Election and its aftermath, and the decision to spend rather more 
of the Society's resources on Fabian Tracts. 

Of the two pamphlets on education, one dealt with the universities, 
the first on this subject for twelve years. In The Universities — A Royal 
Commission? Graeme Moodie described the growing need for graduates 
and the difficulty of expanding the present universities, and outlined the 
subjects a Royal Commission should inquire into. Mabel Tylecote, in 
the Society's only recent pamphlet in the field, The Future of Adult Educa- 
tion, showed how facilities might be expanded to meet the demand for 
education from those with little formal schooling, for instance, housewives 
and retired people, and the ways in which mass communication might be 
more effectively used. 

The group of pamphlets on planning policy was rounded off by the 
publication of Restraining Urban Growth by J. B. Cullingworth, an 
examination of the problem of overspill. At the end of the year, a draft 
on housing needs was being prepared. 

Commercial Television — What Is To Be Done? by Christopher 
Mayhew, showed how the safeguards of the Television Act have been 
overcome by the contractors. Means were proposed of raising the 
standards of commercial television, and strengthening public service tele- 
vision. 

A pamphlet that attracted a good deal of publicity was Bernard Crick's 
Reform of the Commons. After criticising the inefficiency of Parliament, 
he recommended much more clerical assistance for M.P.s, research facilities, 
priority to be given to the Parliamentary job, and the establishment of 
standing specialised committees to maintain closer supervision of public 
policy. 

Audrey Harvey wrote the second pamphlet in the highly successful 
' Socialism in the Sixties ' series, Casualties of the Welfare State. This, one 
of the Society's best sellers, was very widely reviewed, and Mrs. Harvey 
was interviewed on television. 



77th annual report " 

At the end of the year a draft on apprenticeship was ready for publica- 
tion. Other drafts on monopolies and restrictive practices, the after-care 
of prisoners, the future of nationalisation, status in industry, transport 
policy, Socialism and the Arts, the education of teen-age girls, the City of 
London, and the Trade Unions, were in course of preparation. 

A small private group met regularly to discuss the nationalised indus 
tries, and it was decided to go ahead with work on a book on this subject, 
of which Michael Shanks was appointed editor. 

Two informal groups were set up to help the Home Research Com- 
mittee in finding authors and met from time to time throughout the year. 
One dealt with social services, the other with the problems of industry 
and the economy. Both groups have submitted proposals for long-term 
projects to the Committee. 



10 FABIAN SOCIETY 

COMMONWEALTH BUREAU 

Chairman: Arthur Creech Jones Secretary: Hilda Selwyn-Clarke 

The year has been one of rapid constitutional advance in Africa, 
culminating in the independence of the British Trust Territory of Somali- 
land on June 28th, and its union with Italian Somalia to form the Somali 
Republic on June 30th. Dates have been set for the independence of 
Nigeria and Sierra Leone and for a plebiscite for the British Cameroons. 
In East Africa the year has witnessed important constitutional changes, 
reflecting the recognition by the British Government of the irresistible 
' wind of change ' engendered by African demands for independence. 
Tanganyika will achieve internal self-government in September, while 
the Lancaster House Conference on Kenya's future represents a very 
important advance. Elsewhere, the trend is the same ; independence for 
Cyprus is in view, full internal self-government was agreed for Trinidad 
and progress was made elsewhere, including in Basutoland and the Gambia. 
The ' wind of change ' and its recognition by the British Government are 
warmly welcomed by the Bureau. 

Nevertheless, the problems of ' settler ' Africa, particularly Central 
Africa and Kenya, continued to occupy much of the Bureau's attention. 
In July, 1959, a Bureau Conference on Central Africa was addressed 
by Bernard Chidzero, Austen Albu, M.P., and Dingle Foot, M.P., and 
its discussions and conclusions were published in a special issue of Venture. 
3,000 copies of this Report were circulated by the Labour Party and widely 
distributed in Central Africa. 

Publications : Shirley Williams' pamphlet Central Africa: the Economics 
of Inequality was published in June, 1960, and copies were sent to the 
Monckton Commission for their information. The pamphlet evaluated the 
benefits which have accrued to the three territories of Central Africa as a 
result of their federation, and concluded that ' there is no reason to 
believe that Nyasaland would suffer, on balance, if the Federation came 
to an end.' 

A pamphlet by Arthur Skeffington, M.P., Tanganyika in Transition, 
was published in January. It presents the progress of a territory in which 
the problems of inter-racial conflict have largely been overcome and where 
the main difficulties stem from poverty and the dearth of capital resources. 

In March The Malayan Experiment by John Lowe was published 
jointly with the International Bureau. The pamphlet deals with the urgent 
necessity to build understanding between the Malay and Chinese popula- 
tions of the Federation of Malaya and Singapore. 

A pamphlet has been written by Terence Ranger on Southern 
Rhodesia which we hope will be published in September. 

Eleven issues of Venture were published, including a special issue on 
Education in the Commonwealth in April. Articles have included: 

4 Two years of Malayan Independence ' by John and Christine Dore ; 

' Why Congress was Banned ' (Southern Rhodesia) by Joshua Nkomo ; 



77th annual report 11 

' The All-African Peoples Conference ' by Catherine Hoskyns ; 
'Analysis of Empire' by A. Creech Jones, MP. ; 
' Nyasaland : an Appeal to Britain ' by Orton Chirwa ; 
'New Hope in Kenya' by Hilary Marquand, M.P. 

Research : The basic research for the study project on the co-opera- 
tive system in the colonies was completed in the autumn and a meeting of 
the Working Party governing this was held on 15th October, 1959, to 
determine the use to which the material should be put. It was agreed that 
the material should be published in two forms: the Co-operative Party 
agreed to make itself responsible for one or more popular pamphlets, and 
the Committee assigned to Mr. Betts, formerly Assistant Secretary of the 
Bureau, the task of preparation of a book on the subject. The manuscript 
of this book had reached an advanced stage by the end of the year, and 
it is intended to press forward with publication as soon as possible. 

A research paper on the land question in Kenya was prepared in 
May, 1960, and studied by members of the Bureau Committee in June. 
After some modification by a small sub-committee which has been set up. 
it is proposed to circulate this shortly to key members in East Africa and 
to others who are interested. 

Parliamentary work was maintained on widely different subjects and 
territories, including elections in Nairobi, the dismissal of Nyasaland civil 
servants, the Bahamas, the Cameroons, resettlement schemes in Northern 
Rhodesia, Kenya land problem, labour in Bechuanaland, the Economic 
Commission to Mauritius, constitutional progress in Bechuanaland, mal- 
nutrition in Ndola and the relative costs of technical education in the 
colonies and Britain. The Bureau continued also to brief M.P.s on Com- 
monwealth and colonial subjects. 

Correspondence was maintained with overseas members ; and members 
and delegations from the Cameroons, Singapore, Tanganyika, Nyasaland. 
South Africa, Kenya, Northern and Southern Rhodesia, Somaliland. 
Nigeria, Mauritius, British Guiana, South-West Africa, Antigua and the 
West Indian Federation were entertained or received in the office. 

It was decided in the course of the year to organise a series of lectures 
and discussions for Commonwealth and colonial students on the applica- 
tion of socialism in economically under-developed countries. As more and 
more British colonies become independent, it is clear that the emphasis 
of the Bureau will shift from the problems of freedom from foreign rule 
to those of democracy, welfare and stability within independent states. 
Students from the colonies have expressed an interest in discussing the 
application of socialist ideas to these problems, and the Bureau intends to 
initiate a series of such discussions. 

The Assistant Secretary, Miss Catherine Hoskyns, left the Bureau in 
the last week of June, and our grateful thanks are due to her for 18 
months' valuable service. 

Miss Margaret Roberts was appointed to succeed her in June. 

We are very grateful for the help of voluntary assistants, who are 
mentioned elsewhere. 



12 FABIAN SOCIETY 

INTERNATIONAL BUREAU 

Chairman: Denis Healey Secretary: R. L. Leonard 

There was a slight reduction in the level of activities and publications 
of the Bureau during the year, mainly due to the incidence of the General 
Election. Three pamphlets were published: 

A United Nations Police Force? by David Ennals assessed the role 
played by the United Nations Emergency Force on the borders of Egypt 
and Israel, and strongly urged the establishment of a permanent force. 

The Race Against the H-Bomb by Denis Healey argued that the new 
technology of warfare had ruled out the hope of national security except 
through the international control of armaments and that the most urgent 
problem facing mankind was to stop the spread of nuclear weapons. It 
asserted that the time would come for Britain to make a decisive contribu- 
tion towards persuading others to accept the international control of 
atomic weapons capacity by offering to surrender her own nuclear stock- 
pile. 

The Malayan Experiment by John Lowe (published in conjunction with 
the Commonwealth Bureau) traced the development of Malaya towards 
independence and described the principal problems which it now faces. 
It emphasised the importance of achieving racial harmony and of achiev- 
ing eventual union with Singapore. 

At the end of the year the Bureau was about to publish Britain's Role 
in a Changing World by Kenneth Younger, and a pamphlet on the Middle 
East was nearly ready to go to press. Other subjects on which work was 
well advanced were Japan, Britain and Europe, and America after Eisen- 
hower. Pamphlets on China, the Indian Economy, French Africa and the 
Freedom of the Press are being prepared, and a pamphlet on Relations 
between the Soviet Union and Satellites has been promised. A series of 
pamphlets comparing achievements of public ownership in various Euro- 
pean countries was also planned, and a number of other studies were 
proceeding. As in previous years, the principal obstacle to increasing the 
number of publications was the difficulty in finding suitably qualified 
authors. 

A public meeting on Nuclear Disarmament was held in February, 
1960. The speakers were Wayland Young, Humphry Berkeley, M.P., Denis 
Healey, M.P., and Charles Taylor. 

Private members' meetings continued to be held at the House of 
Commons. Stephen Thomas spoke on Problems of the Reunion of 
Germany, General Humberto Delgado on Portugal Today, Dr. Karlheinz 
Abshagen on Anglo-German Relations and Professor Michio Nagai on 
Modern Politics in Japan. 

A number of overseas visitors were welcomed during the year, and infor- 
mation and advice were given to members who consulted the Bureau. 



77th annual report 13 

LOCAL SOCIETIES 

Chairman: Arthur Skeffington Secretary: Dorothy Fox 

The financial year of Local Societies runs from 1st April to 31st March. 
Comparative membership figures (affiliation fees fully paid) for the last 
three years are: — 

1st April, 1957— 31st March, 1958 ... 2,579 (84 Societies) 
1st April, 1958— 31st March, 1959 ... 2,168 (86 Societies) 
1st April, 1959— 31st March, 1960 ... 1,926 (77 Societies) 
In this period nine Societies ceased to hold meetings: — Dover, Holy- 
head, Huyton, Kensington, Maidstone, Tunbridge Wells, Watford (since 
re-formed), Wimbledon (merged with Maiden) and Worcester. 

Seven Societies were recognised: Epsom (re-formed), Bridgwater, 
North Berks., Portsmouth, Preston (re-formed), Watford (re-formed) and 
York (re-formed). 

Meetings 

In place of the usual Summer Tea Party, a Wine and Cheese Party 
was held at 11, Dartmouth Street. 

The conference for Local Society members, which is held every year, 
took place in March at Oxford, with Arthur Skeffington as Director, and 
Peggy Crane, Edmund Dell and Percy Clark as speakers. 

Regional Lectures were held in Grimsby/Leeds and Cardiff/ Gloucester. 
The speakers included Ritchie Calder, C. A. R. Crosland, M.P., John 
Diamond, M.P., James MacColl, M.P., R. C. Prentice, M.P., Sidney Silver- 
man, M.P., Arthur Skeffington, M.P., and Shirley Williams. 

At the Local Societies meeting on the morning of the Society's A.G.M., 
Shirley Williams introduced a discussion on future plans, in the light of 
the political situation following the General Election and in particular 
the consequences for the Labour Party of local problems and the attitude 
and behaviour of Labour Groups in local government. 

Regional Committees 

Regional Committees continued to do useful work. The annual 
Scottish week-end school was attended by the secretary of the Local 
Societies Committee. John Strachey and John Diamond were the speakers, 
and George Thomson was the Director. 

In other regions an informal organisation has been established in the 
East Midlands. In the North-West a number of Local Society members 
attended the National Society's week-end school at Alston Hall. The 
Secretary of the Local Societies Committee was also present. A Day 
School on nuclear disarmament was held in the Northern Region. The 
annual meeting of the South-West Region was attended by W. T. Rodgers. 
Tn Leeds, a meeting for Local Society members preceded one for National 
members. 



14 FABIAN SOCIETY 

No Local Societies Tea Meeting was held during the Labour Party 
Conference, as this was confined to two days. 

Research 

A questionnaire on the relations between Landlords and Tenants, 
prepared by Shirley Williams in consultation with Gabriel Newfield and 
Peggy Crane, was sent out to 25 Societies and to a number of individuals. 

Several Societies undertook their own local research projects, e.g. 
Aberdeen on Electioneering Methods in Municipal Affairs; Norwich pro- 
duced a detailed and comprehensive plan fo the re-development of an 
area in that city. 

Future Developments 

We hope to have a study guide on the principle of social responsibility 
from Dick Taverne by next autumn, and arrangements are being made for 
a Local Government Conference in November. Arrangements are also 
being made for a Local Societies meeting at the Labour Party Annual 
Conference, at which Anthony Crosland, M.P., and R. H. S. Crossman, 
M.P., have agreed to speak. 

Conclusion 

The Secretary of the Local Societies tries to visit regional gatherings 
from time to time, but there is a great deal that could be done if younger 
members of the Executive Committee and Local Societies Committee could 
give occasional week-ends in which two or three lectures could be arranged 
for individual societies — the way that regional series are arranged. 

Societies during the past few years have owed a great deal to the 
interest shown by W. T. Rodgers. 

Most of those associated with Local Society activities believe their 
work was never more important. The need for informed discussion within 
the Movement, both with members of the Labour Party and other interests, 
was never more necessary. The Fabian tradition of attempting solutions 
which meet the facts is needed more than ever. Some 200 people outside 
London make our Local Societies possible, and we are grateful to them. 
As a result of their work, some 800 Fabian meetings were held — a little 
less than in 1958 because of the Election. Local Societies ensure know- 
ledge and discussion of Fabian publications. Moreover, they are a guaran- 
tee that Fabianism is not confined to London. 



77th annual report 15 

OBITUARY 

As usual, the Fabian habit of long-standing membership over the 
years has taken its toll with the deaths of many of the Society's oldest 
friends and supporters. 

PERCIVAL CHUBB, one of the original founder-members of 1884, 
died in February at St. Louis, Missouri, at the age of 99. As a young local 
government clerk he organised the Fellowship of the New Life, out of 
which the Fabian Society developed ; he later emigrated to America and 
became head of the Ethical Church in New York. LORD AMMON died 
in April after more than fifty years' membership. A former Post Office 
worker and General Secretary of the Fawcett Association, which was 
amalgamated in the Union of Post Office Workers, Charles Ammon was 
M.P. for North Camberwell from 1922-31 and 1935-44; Parliamentary 
Secretary to the Admiralty in 1924 and 1929-31 ; Chairman of the L.C.C. 
1941-42; and Chairman of the National Dock Labour Corporation 1944-50. 
A conscientious objector of the first world war, GUY KEELING joined 
the Society in 1923 and was one-time editor of The Spur; he was a member 
of the early Labour Research Department. 

Mrs. C. D. CORBETT-FISHER came of a well-known Liberal family 
but went over to Labour and helped to found the early local parties in 
Sussex; she also served as a magistrate. LILIAN ROBERTSON 
was daughter of the Duke of Grafton but never used her title; she was 
wife of the life-long Fabian and Chairman of the L.C.C, Charles Robert- 
son, and was well known for her social work. Mrs. H. L. RADLEY, one 
of the earliest surviving members, joined the Society in 1902; she attended 
the first summer school in 1907, and was present at the 75th anniversary 
reception in February, 1959. Also a veteran of the early summer schools 
was Mrs. J. D. LYNCH. Another very old member was A. E. LAUDER, 
a former local government officer, member of the Executive Committee, 
and author of several Fabian tracts. 

Parliamentary losses were sustained with the deaths of JOHN 
EDWARDS, M.P. for Brighouse and Spenborough, and a former Parlia- 
mentary Secretary to the Ministry of Health and Board of Trade ; and 
R. W. G. MACKAY, a keen world Federalist, who had been M.P. for 
Hull and Reading. Mrs. E. H. ADAMS was widow of the Fabian and 
M.P. for East Newcastle, David Adams. F. J. SAYER, a Liverpool baker, 
had been an active Merseyside Fabian for many years. Dr. L. F. 
BROWNE was one of the founders of the Tavistock Institute of Human 
Relations, a former Chairman of the L.C.C. Special Schools Committee 
and an alderman of St. Pancras Borough Council. The Commonwealth 
Bureau has lost the valued support of G. A. CHESHIRE, R. O. MENNELL 
and H. A. W. MORRICE, who was irrigation adviser to the Sudan Govern- 
ment. 

We have also to record with regret the loss of: P. H. ARCHER, P. G. 
ECKFORD, S T. FARNES, Dr. CECIL GORDON, S. GRANTHAM, 
Dr. A. MORLEY DAVIES, A. L. MURRAY, E. SCALA and G. 
TAGGART. 



16 FABIAN SOCIETY 



HONORARY TREASURERS REPORT 

We did not incur the anticipated large deficit in the year to June. 1960, 
for the best possible reason — several of the pamphlets we published were 
of such high quality that they sold remarkably well. As a result, the profit 
from the Bookshop rose by £600 as compared with the previous year, which 
was itself a good year. The final deficit of £82 can be regarded as a 
manageable figure. 

But we really cannot hope to repeat these exceptional Bookshop sales ; 
and the best estimate I can make for the current year is that, without 
increasing our activities or our expenditure, the Society's deficit will be 
more than £500. 

Now this is not a manageable figure. Even after taking into account 
the results of the Special Appeal, we still have a substantial overdraft and 
are, therefore, quite unable to contemplate deficits of that order. It is 
inevitable that we should look to subscriptions to provide additional income, 
and having regard to the unanimity with which the members present at the 
Annual General Meeting pressed this view on me last year, I have little 
doubt that the principle of increasing subscription rates will be approved 
at the forthcoming Annual General Meeting. The details which have been 
fully described in Fabian News may well stimulate a very interesting dis- 
cussion. 

It is to be hoped, too, that those who are kind enough to support us 
with their donations may equally be prepared to consider increasing the 
amount of their help, even though they have been most generous to us over 
many years. I should like, particularly, to thank those who helped us 
during the past year, including the Passfield Trust, the Noel Buxton Trust 
and the following trade unions: Transport and General Workers, General 
and Municipal, National Union of Mineworkers (through its areas). 
Union of Shop Distributive and Allied Workers. Amalgamated Engineer- 
ing Union. Union of Post Office Workers, National Union of Public 
Employees. Transport Salaried Staffs Association, National Union of Print- 
ing, Bookbinding and Paper Workers, National Federation of Building 
Trades Operatives, Confederation of Health Service Employees, Amalga- 
mated Weavers Association, Sheet Metal Workers, Boot and Shoe Opera- 
tives, Musicians Union, Agricultural Workers and United Society of 
Boilermakers, Shipbuilders and Structural Workers. In addition help from 
the Labour Party and Trade Union Congress was renewed. 

The net cost of our various activities during 1959-60 was. in round 
figures. £10,000, and the following table shows the usual breakdown: — 



77th annual report 



17 





£ 


£ 


£ 




1959-60 


1958-59 


1957-58 




£ 


£ 


£ 


Commonwealth Bureau . 


3,250 


3,500 


3,500 


International Bureau 


1,250 


1,250 


1,000 


Home Research ... 


3,800 


3,000 


3,000 


Bookshop ... 


450 


1,000 


750 


Schools, etc. 


1,250 


1,250 


1,250 




£10,000 


£10,000 


£9,500 



Once again, I delight in recording my appreciation of the energy and 
loyalty of the Society's staff. I must pay a special tribute to Bill Rodgers 
with whom I worked in close and harmonious association for so many 
years. Most of us will be aware of his many qualities as a speaker, a 
writer and an organiser of research work. What was borne in on me 
was, in addition, his great ability as an administrator. 

I am very grateful to Mr. J. Ian Robertson of Messrs. Pegg, Robertson 
and Co., for continuing to act as the Society's Honorary Auditor, and I 
should like to add a special word of thanks to all those who have subscribed 
to our Special Appeal. 

JOHN DIAMOND. 



18 



FABIAN SOCIETY 
BALANCE SHEET AS 







LIABILITIES 








1959 






£ s. 


d. 


£ s. d. 


£ 


Sundry Funds — 










1000 


Edwards Bequest Fund ... 




. . . 1000 


U 




12 


Scholarship Fund 




12 9 







10 


Women's Group Fund ... 




9 8 


10 




71 


L.S.C. Development Fund 




38 13 


i 




77 


Pease Fund 




72 5 





1132 16 1 


1170 


Sundry Creditors 










2184 
"5410 


3242 14 3 
2815 16 10 



£8,764 



£7191 7 2 



We have examined the Accounts of the Fabian Society for the year ended 30th. June, 
we have required. We certify that the Balance Sheet above set forth is properly drawn up so 
of our information and explanations given to us and as shown by the Society's books. 

2%th September, 1960. 
12, Coleman Street, 

London, E.C.2. 



REVENUE ACCOUNT FOR THE 



1959 
£ 
6497 
256 
220 
136 
450 
57 
463 
179 
860 

9118 



501 
281 



EXPENDITURE 

Administration Expenses — 

Salaries and Allowances 

State Insurance 

Pensions 

Travel and Entertainment 

General Office Expenses 

Research Grants and Subscriptions Payable 

General Stationery 

Telephone 

Postage ... 



Establishment Charges- 
Rates, Lighting. Heating, Income Tax 
Maintenance and Cleaning 



782 



1481 Publications: Free Issues 
Other Expenses — 
189 Interest on Overdraft 

111 Affiliation Fees ... 

300 

£11681 



6906 14 10 

264 8 

120 

110 16 4 

607 11 7 

50 14 11 

530 8 1 

195 11 5 

941 17 1 



464 10 5 
359 11 9 



182 11 
112 17 



9728 2 3 

824 2 2 

1505 17 3 

294 17 11 

£12352 19 7 



77TH ANNUAL REPORT 
AT 30th JUNE, 1960 



19 



1959 

£ 

329 

85 


ASSETS 

Fixed Assets — 

Bernard Shaw Gift Fund Freehold Property (not valued) 

Furniture 

Library 

Current Assets — 

Stocks 

Debtors 

Cash 

Accumulated Deficit — 

Balance at 1st July, 1959 

Add Deficiency for the Year 

Less Special Appeal 


£ 

328 
85 


s. 

18 



d. 

4 



£ s. d. 
413 18 4 


414 


2084 

2521 

42 


13 

10 

12 


8 
9 
4 


1594 

2939 
45 


4648 16 9 


4578 


3772 
81 


2 

14 


2 
5 


3772 




— 


3853 
1725 


16 
4 


7 
6 


2128 12 1 










£8,764 


£7191 7 2 



1960, with the books and vouchers. We have obtained all the information and explanations 
as to exhibit a true and correct view of the state of the Society's affairs according to the best 

PEGG, ROBERTSON & CO., 

Chartered Accountants. 



YEAR ENDING 30th JUNE, 1960 



INCOME 



1959 
£ 
4219 

2856 

2750 

7 


Subscriptions 

Donations — 

General and Special 

Dartmouth Street Trust 

Local Societies Committee 


5613 




122 
36 
733 
262 
400 


Other Income — 

Royalties 

Advertising 

Bookshop 

Functions 

Rent Receivable 


1553 





2559 14 6 

3000 

5 9 10 



198 9 10 
10 
1354 14 7 
262 14 6 
400 



£ s. d. 
4479 11 11 



.5565 4 4 



296 Balance, being Deficiency for the Year 



2226 8 11 



81 14 5 



£11681 



£12352 19 7 



20 FABIAN SOCIETY 

APPENDIX A 
MEMBERS OF MAIN COMMITTEES 

(as at 30th June, 1960) 

Finance and General Purposes Committee 

J. Diamond, M.P. (Chairman), Dr. Brian Abel-Smith, Mrs. Margaret 
Cole, Lord Faringdon, Denis Healey. M.P., H. D. Hughes, John Parker, M.P., 
Arthur Skeffington, M.P., Mrs. Mary Stewart, Mrs. Eirene White, M.P. 

Home Research Committee 

H. D. Hughes (Chairman), Dr. Brian Abel-Smith, Austen Albu, M.P.. 
Dr. T. Balogh, Denis Bell, Margaret Cole, C. A. R. Crosland, M.P., John 
Diamond, M.P., David Donnison. Richard Evely. Lord Faringdon, John 
Hughes, Anne Jackson, Peggy Jay, Roy Jenkins, M.P., James MacColl, M.P., 
D L Munby, Lionel Murray, Robert Neild, John Parker, M.P., R. D. V. Roberts, 
W. T. Rodgers, J. R. Sargent, Michael Shanks, Peter Shore, Mary Stewart, 
Peter Townsend, John Vaizey. 

Commonwealth Bureau Committee 

Chafes Archibald, Dr. T. Balogh. T. F. Betts, David Blelloch, Roland 
Brown, Rt. Hon. John Dugdale, M.P., Professor Lionel Elvin, Lord Faringdon. 
Michael Fores, Arthur Gaitskell, John Hatch, Dr. Rita Hinden, Carol Johnson, 
M P., James Johnson, Rt. Hon. A. Creech Jones, M.P.. Colin Leys, Rt. Hon. 
Earl of Listowel, Rt. Hon. Hilary Marquand. MAP., Miss Marjorie Nicholson. 
Derrick Sington. R. W. Sorensen, M.P., George Thomson, MP.. Mrs. Eirene 
White, M.P.. 

International Bureau Committee 

A. Wedgwood Benn, M.P., David Ennals, Denis Healey, MP., Colin Jack- 
son, Roy Jenkins. M.P., Richard Lowenthal, T. E. M. McKitterick, Derrick 
Sington. Hugh Thomas, George Thomson, M.P., Eric Wolff, Kenneth Younger, 
Wayland Young. 

Local Societies Committee 

Arthur Skeffington. M.P. (Chairman), Arthur Blenkinsop, H. J. Boyden. 
M.P., Margaret Cole, Peggy Crane, Colin Jackson. Sybil Jeger, James Johnson, 
James MacColl, M.P., Margaret McKav, Tom McKitterick, Malco'm Macpher- 
son, J. P. M. Millar, Gabriel Newfield, R. C. Prentice. M.P., J. W. Raisin. W. T. 
Rodgers, Mary Stewart, Dick Taverne, John Taylor. George Thomson. M.P., 
and regional and area representatives. 

Schools Committee 

Dr. Brian Abel-Smith. Penelope Balchin, Gordon Borrie, Hilary Chantler, 
Michael Fores, Stuart Green, Stephen Hatch, Mrs. Sybil Jeger, Roy Jenkins. 
M.P., Gerald Kaufman, Lisl Klein, Alison Lough, Duncan Smith, Philip 
Thurman. 

The Hono-ary Officers of the Society serve as ex-officio members of all 
Committees. 



77th annual report 21 

APPENDIX B 

HONORARY SECRETARIES OF REGIONAL AND AREA COMMITTEES 
OF LOCAL FABIAN SOCIETIES 

(as at 30th September, 1960) 

Scotland: K. J. N. Wight, 38, Roseangle, Dundee. 

Northern: Mrs. M. McMillan, The Haven, 37, Sycamore Road, Middlesbrough, 

Yorks. 
Yorkshire : Mrs. W. B. Walker, 6, Heath Villas, Halifax, Yorks. 
West Midlands : C. W. Campling, Burbach, Wolvey Lane, Ryton, Bulkington, 

Nr. Nuneaton, Warwicks. 
East Midlands: Mrs. B. N. Baxter, 34, Caledon Road, Sherwood, Nottingham. 
South Wales: Miss Gwyneth Morgan, J. P., 27, Morlais Street, Roath Park, 

Cardiff. 
South-West: Mrs. B. Sacof, 24, Ormerod Road, Bristol 9. 
Surrey : Mrs. B. Vernon, 88, Benhill Wood Road, Sutton, Surrey. 
Essex : Miss Eve Saville, 35, Markham Street, London, S.W.3. 
Kent: K. W. May, 214, High Street, Tonbridge, Kent. 
London : Andrew Campbell, 56, Belsize Park, London, N.W.3. 



HONORARY SECRETARDES OF LOCAL FABIAN SOCIETIES 

(as at 30th September, 1960) 

Aberdeen: Mr. Andrew Robertson, 54, Devonshire Road, Aberdeen. 

Bangor : Mr. Silvan Jones, Hafdre, Penrhos, Bangor, North Wales. 

Barking: Mr. Hugh Copsey, 16, Kilmartin Road, Goodmayes, Ilford, Essex. 

Barnsley: Mr. G. E. Green, 53, Intake Lane, Barnsley, Yorks. 

Barry: Mrs. J. M. Watts, 35, Glamorgan Street, Barry. 

Bath: Mrs. M. Hornblower, 29, Forester Avenue, Bath. 

Bexley: Mr. Alan L. Fisher, 114, Riefield Road, Eltham, S.E.9. 

Birmingham: Mrs. M. Jenkinson, 31, Ashfield Avenue, Kings Heath, Birming- 
ham, 14. 

Bishops Stortford: Mrs. J. M. Ditchfield, 27, Ward Crescent, Bishops Stort- 
ford, Herts. 

Bolton : Mr. E. Stebbing. 5. Ducie Avenue, Bolton, Lanes. 

Bournemouth: Mr. Cyril Speller, 687, Wimborne Road, Winton, Bournemouth. 

Braintree: Mr. Peter Baldock, 91, Church Lane, Bocking, Braintree, Essex. 

Bridgwater: Mr. R. V. Cook, 1. Northfield, Bridgwater, Somerset. 

Brighton: Mr. R. Newsam, 37, Tongdean Lane, Brighton, Sussex. 

Bristol : Mrs. Jeannette Britton, 17, Westbury Park, Durdham Down, Bristol 6. 

Bromley: Dr. V. Udall, 16, Warren Avenue, Bromlev, Kent. 

Calder: Mrs. W. B. Walker, 6, Heath Villas, Halifax, Yorks. 

Cardiff: Miss Margaret Morris, 102, Cathedral Road. Cardiff. 

Carlisle : Mr. John Walker, 37, Sunnymeade, Upperby, Carlisle. 

Central London: Mr. Ben Nathan, 18. Hartington Court, Hartinaton Road, W.4. 

Cheltenham : Miss E. V. Engvall, 9, Montpellier Parade, Cheltenham, Glos. 

Chesterfield: Mr. D. Webster, Labour Party Offices, Broad Pavement, Chester- 
field. 

Coventry: Mr. P. R. Jones, 26, Rosslyn Avenue, Coventry. 

Croydon: Miss P. Bloomfield, 3, Theobald Road, West Croydon, Surrey. 

Darlington: Mr. E. Shuttleworth, 26. Marwood Crescent, Darlington, Co. 
Durham. 



22 FABIAN SOCIETY 

Derby: Mrs. B. Guthrie, 144, Manor Road, Derby. 

Dundee: Mr. K. R. Hutchings, 15, Elgin Street, Dundee. 

Durham: Mr. J. Colin Hall, 1, Neville's Cross Villas, Durham City. 

Eastbourne: Mr. Keith Chapman, 91, Pevensey Road, Eastbourne, Sussex. 

East London: Mr. John Reardon, 7, Charles Booth House, E.l. 

Edinburgh: Mr. Tarn Dalyell, The Binns, Linlithgow, East Lothian. 

Epsom: Mrs. M. Paskell, 107, Hookfield, Epsom, Surrey. 

Fife: Mr. W. L. Taylor, 11, Kennedy Crescent, Kirkcaldy, Fife. 

Frome: Mr. H. D. Smart, ' Karenza,' Beechwood Avenue, Frome, Somerset. 

Forest Hill: Mrs. Norah Wilson, 46, Burge Street, S.E.I. 

Glasgow: Mr. W. S. Gray, 13. Royal Terrace, Glasgow, C.3. 

Gloucester: Mr. F. B. Wilton, J. P., 4, Tuffley Lane, Gloucester. 

Grimsby: Mr. J. Franklin, 10, Marklew Avenue, Grimsby. 

Harlow : Mr. Peter Murrell, 27, Broadfield, Harlow, Essex. 

Hartlepools : Mr. W. Morgan, 131, Westbrooke Avenue, West Hartlepool. 

Hastings: Dr. E. W. Skyrme, 12, Wellington Place, Hastings, Sussex. 

Hayes: Mr. Leo Simpson, 104, Bath Road, Harlington, Middlesex. 

Huddersfield : Mr. Alan Taylor, 1, Chatsworth Close, Almondbury, Hudders- 
field. 

Isle of Man: Mrs. M. Faragher, Gorse Crag, Port Erin, Isle of Man. 

Kilmarnock: Dr. John Shanks, 34. Portland Road, Kilmarnock. 

Leeds : Miss Marjorie Brett, la, Allerton Park, Leeds, 7. 

Letchworth: Mrs. E. Purdie, 23. Barton Green, Hitehin. Herts. 

Lincoln: Mr. G. W. Wood, 28, Drake Street, Lincoln. 

Liverpool: Mr. G. B. McKenna, 51, St. George's Avenue, Higher Tranmere, 
Birkenhead. 

Malden: Dr. W. McCartney. 89, Arundel Road, Kingston-on-Thames. Surrey. 

Manchester : Mr. C. Hughes-Stanton, 2a, Egerton Road, Fallowfield. Man- 
chester, 14. 

Meopham : Mrs. Joan Wood, Oast Hatch, Harvel, Nr. Gravesend, Kent. 

North Berks: Miss Ann Jeffrey, Ickneild Way House, A.E.R.E.. Harwell, 
Nr. Didcot, Berks. 

North London: Mrs. A. Spector. 49, Chardmore Road, N.16. 

Norwich : Mr. E. Hartley, 17, Stanley Avenue, Norwich. 

Norwood: Mrs. J. Edwards, 98, Palace Road, Tulse Hill, S.W.2. 

Nottingham : Mrs. Beth Tate, 26, Parkside, Beeston, Nottingham. 

Oldham : Mr. M. J. McCarthy, 46, North Gate, Garden Suburb. Oldham, Lanes. 

Oxford: Mr. K. Holly, Cader, Abingdon Road. Dorchester-on-Thames, Oxon. 

Peterlee: Mr. George Piekersgill, 20, Yoden Road, Peterlee, Co. Durham. 

Pontvpool : Mrs. Lilian Evans, 9, Stratford Road, Grifhthstown, Pontypool, 
Mon 

Portsmouth: Mr. J. R. Green, 62, Warren Avenue. Milton, Southsea. Hants. 

Preston: Mrs. Pat Healy, 84, Coniston Road, Fulwood, Preston. 

Redhill: Mr. Sidney Smith, 67. Colman Way. Redhill. Surrey. 

Sheffield: Miss Iw Evison, 220. Carterknowle Road, Sheffield, 7. 

Slough: Mr. F. C. Evenett, 229f, High Street, Slough, Bucks. 

Southampton: Mr. W. A. Stearn, 35a, Avenue Road, Southamnton. 

South Dorspt: Mr. J. A. Aucutt, 6, Howard Close, Weymouth, Dorset. 

Stafford: Mr. Peter Shenton, 19. Trinity Gorse, Trinity Fields. Stafford. 

Stevenage: Mrs. Ruth Langford, 9, Benstede, Stevenage. Herts. 

Stockport: Mr. Ham/ Lees, 32, Ashley Road, Offerton, Stockport. 

Streatham: Mr. C. J. Blau, 30, Thornton Avenue. Streatham Hill, S.W.2. 

Sunderland: Mr. G. W. Gardiner, 41, Westcliffe Road. Seaburn. Sunderland. 

Sutton: Mrs. Betty Vernon, 88, Benhill Wood Road, Sutton, Surrey. 

Swansea : Mrs. Margaret Jones, The Labour Hall, High Street, Swansea. 

Tees-S'de: Mrs. Mabel McMillan, The Haven, 37. Sycamore Road, Linthorpe. 
Middlesbrough. 

Thanet: Mr. R. Sankey, 6, First Avenue. Cliftonville. Kent. 

Tynfs'de: Mr. Colin Gray, 8, Gretton Place, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 7. 



77th annual report 23 

University of London: Mr. J. Hirsch, 17, Brattle Wood, Sevenoaks, Kent. 
Walthamstow : Miss Doreen Wyld, 24 (L), Bisterne Avenue, E.17. 
Watford: Mrs. C. Dore, 7, Eastbury Road, Oxhey, Herts. 

West Middlesex: Mr. F. Harcourt-Munning, 9, Madeley Road, Ealing, W.5. 
Wigan: Mr. C. Brown, Granary House, 17, Springpool, Winstanley, Nr. Wigan. 
Woking: Mr. Leif Mills, 36, Frere Avenue, Lea Farm, Fleet, Hants. 
Wolverhampton: Mrs. O. Tragen, 105, Yew Tree Lane, The Wergs, Nr. 

Wolverhampton. 
Wrexham : Mrs. K. Davies, Delfryn, Stryt Las, Rhos, Nr. Wrexham. 
York : Mr. Raymond Fairey, 5, Jewbury, York. 



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